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Vi^t . 5p<. 

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Vet, Sy.r.. II S. " + 



H I S T O R 






O 9 


TO WHICH It yjisrizxDy 






?riatcd for Harrison and Co. No. iS« Patcrriioftcr-Row, 

M occ hxxxn* 

'university "oN 
r 8 JUL I960 



5S5-H^*-MHHHjHM*-<HJh^|s «H^ 









JAGO, &C. 




THE permiffion I obtained to infcribe the folf owing Tranflationof 
Don Quixote to your Excellency, while you refided in this 
Capital, affords me a double pleafqre ; as it not only gives me an op* 
portunity of expreffing that profound refped and veneration with whidk 
{ contemplate your Excellency's charafter; but alfo implies your ap- 
probation, which cannot fail to influence the publick in behalf of thi( 

I have the honour to be. 


Your Excellency's moft obedient. 

Humble Servant, 

Fef.T°7;s. . T.SMOLLET. 




MIGUEL De Cervantas Saavedm was at once the gloiy and repratcli of 
Spain; for, if his admirable genius aiid heiroick fplrit conduced to the ho- 
near of his country, the diftrefs and obicuritjr which attended hi« old age, ai 
dBe^kualiy redounded to her difgrace. Had he lived amidft Gothick darknefs and 
Inrbarityi where no records were ufed, and letters altogether unknown, we might 
have expired to derive from tradition a number of particulars relating to the 
family and fortune of a man fo remarkably admired even in his own time. But ons 
would imagine pains had been taken to throw a veil of oblivion over the perfbnat 
concerns of this excellent^author. No enquiry hath as yet been able to sLfcertattt 
the place of his nativity ; and, although in his works he has declared himfelf a 
gentleman by birth, no houfe has hitherto laid claim to fuch an iilufbious de- 

One author fays he was born at Efquivias * ; but offers no argument in (uppoif 
of his afiertion : and probably the conieAore was founded upon the encomiums 
which Cervantes himfelf beftows on that place, to which he gives the epithet of 
lenowned^ in his preface to Perfdes and Sigifmunda. Others affirm he firft dnsw 
l>reath in Lucena, grounding their opinion upon a vague tradition which there 
prevails ; and a third fet take it for granted that he was a native of Seville, be^ 
cauie there are families in that city known by the names of Cervantes and Saave? 
draf ; and our authoi* mentioHs hts having, in his early ytouth, feen plays a&ed 
byLopeRueda, who was a Seviltan. Tkefe, indeed, are prefumptions thatde« 
fttvc fome regard, though far frofn implying Certain information, tney (barceereit 
amount to probable conjej^urs ; nay, mtk very circumftances Teem to difprove th^ 
fuppofition^ for, had he be^n aftually defcended from thoTe families, they wouM 
in all likelihood have preserved fome memorials of his birth, which Don Nkholat 
Antonio would have recorded, in fpeaking of his fellow- citi2en. All thefe pt««- 
tenfions are now generally ftt alide m favour of Madrid, which claims the honoui^ 
of hav'mg produced Cervantes, and builds her title on an expreflion ia his 
Voyage to Paraafiusl, which, in my opinion, is akogether equivocal and iaco&-* 

In the raidft of ftich undecided contention, if I may be allowed to hazard s 
oonje^hirei I would fuppofe that there was fomething rayfterious in his eXtra£lioa, 
which he had no inclination ta' explain, and that his family had domeftick reaibns 
for maintaining the like referve. Without admitting fome fuch motive," we can 
hardly account for his Hlence on a fubjefV that would have aiibrded him an op- 
portunity to indulge that ^tf-refpe^l which he fo honeftly difplays in the courfe of 
his writings. Unlefs we conclude that he was inftigated to renounce all connection 
with his kindred aHd allies, by f<^me contemptuous (light, mortifying repuliie, or 
real injury he had fuftained 9 a ruppofition which, I own, is not at all improbable* 
conHdering the jealous fenfibility of the Spaniards in general, and the warmth of 
reientment peculiar to our author, which glows through his productions) unre- 
ftrained by all the fears of poverty, and all the maxims of old age and experience* 

• Thomas Tamayo De Varffas* 
f Don Nicholas Antonio. 

% He defcribes his departure from MsdrU in thefe words: < Oat of my country sni 
* myfeir I jo P 



WfiatcTcr may have been the place of his nativity, we gather from the preface 
to his novelsy that he was born in the year 15^9 : and his writings declare that;hi^ 
tdfucation was by no means negle£i;ed | for, over zxtd above a natural fond b£ 
Humour and invention, he appears to have poflefTed a valuable (lock of acquired 
knowledge; we find him intimately acquainted with the Latin clafHcks, well 
read in the hiftory of nations, verfed in the philofophy, rhetorick, and divinity 
f f the fchools, tin£lured with aftroIoTgy and geography, converfant with the beft 
Italian authors, and perfectly mafter of his own Caftilian language. His genius^ 
wiiich was too delicate and volatile to engage in the leverer Itudies, directed his 
attention to the prodtifUonsr of tafte and polite literature; ^hich, ivhife they 
amufed his fancy, enlarged, atigrtiented, ana improved his ideas, and taught him 
k>fet proper bounds to the excurfions of his imagination. 

Thus qualified, he could not fail to make pertinent obfervations in his com- 
nerce with mankind t the peculiarkies of character could not efcape his peitetnt- 
tiofif whatever hefaw became familiar to his judgment and under(landing ; afid 
every fcene he exhibits, is a ]u& well -drawn chara^eriftick pi^ure of human life. 

How heexercifed thefe taknts in his youth, and in what manner the firft year» 
•F his manhood were employedf we are not able to explain, becaufe hiftory and 
tradition are altogether filent on the fubje^l; unleA^we admit the authority of one 
author*', who fays he was fecretary to the Duke of Aiva, without alledging any 
cne fa£b or argument in fifpport of bis alfcition. Had he a£lually enjoyed a pott- 
«f fuch importance, we fhouid not, in all prob^bittty, have wanted materials to 
iuppiy this chafm in his life ; nor (hould we find him afterwards in the ilation of a 
common foldier* i 

Others imagine that he ferved as volunteer in Flanders, where he was.raiied to 
ihe raiikof eniign in the cdmpany command<fd by Don Diego De Urbina; ground- 
ing this belief on the fuppo^tion that the hiftory of the captive related in the iirft 
jract of Don Quixote, i^ a lit^r^l detail of his own advlentures. But this notion 
is rqe£led by thofe who confider that Cervantes wouid hardly have contented 
Iiiixi(ielf vyith the humble appellation of Soldier, which^ in fpeaking of himielf,^ 
ii&con(lancly afTumes, had he ever appeared in any fuperior Itation of a military 
character. In a word, we have very little information touching the tranfadlions 
of his life, but what he him^lf is pleafed to give .through the courfe of his writ- 
ings I and from this we learn, that he was chamberlain to Cardinal Aquaviva ioL 
Rome, and followed the profeifion of a foldier for fome years,* in the army com- 
manded by Marco Antonio Colonaf ; who was, by Pope Pius V. appointed gene« 
fal of the ecclefiaftical forces employed againfl the Turks, and received the con- 
fecrated ft^ndard from the hands of his holinefs, in the church of St. Peter. 

Under this celebrated captain, Cervantes embarked in the Chriftian fleet com- 
V^nded by Don John of Au(^rip, who obtained over the Turks the glorious: 
vi6iory of Lepanto, where our author loft his left-hand by the fhot of an arque- 
bus. This mutilation, which redounded fo much to bis honour, he has taken 
care to record on divers occafions : and, indeed, it is very natural to fuppofe his 
imagination would dwell upon fuch an adventure; as the favourite incident of his 
life. I wiftv he had told us what fecompence he received for hi^ feiTices, and 
what confolation he enjoyed for the lofs of his limb y which muft have effe^ually 
difqualified him for the office of a common foldier, and reduced him to the necef- 
fity of exercifing fome other employment. 

Perhaps it was at this period he entered into the fefvice of Cardinal Aquaviva^ 
to whofe prote6lion he was entitled by his ga4jantry and misfortune; and now^ 
in all likelihood, he had leifare and opportunity to profecute his favourite ftudies^ 
to cultivate the mufe, and render himielf confpicuous by the productions of his 

fenius ; which was known and admii'ed by leveral authors of diftincVion, even 
eforc his. captivity ; for Louis Galvez De Montalvo, in his poem prefixed to 
Galatea, fays, ** the world lamented his misfortune in tears, and the mufe ex- 
^* prefted a widow's grief at his abfence.'* I will even venture to fuppofe, that, in 
this interval^ his fituation was fuch as enabled him to raife an independent for^ 

• Kiebolas Antoni6^ biblibtb. Hifp^ 
j^ His dedication of Galateat 

' i' 

#^*_ . — 

tttft'c} hit W find him iftcmards relieving the Wants or Ms fclfow-WptSve* irt^ 
Barbary^ with Aich liberality as denoted the affluente of his oWn clrcumftailcesf^ 
and, in his Voyage to Pamaffas, which was publiflied iH his olid age, Apo)Io 
lipbraida hhn with want of oeconomy ; and reminds him of his having oiitd made 
his own fortane, which in the fequel he fquandered away. . ' 

I make no doubt, but this was the moft fortunate petnod of Saai^edra^s life |' 
during winchi he reformed and improved the Spanifh theatre, and ufherkd into 
the world a number of dramatielc performances, which were a^ed ^ith uhlV'erfaf 
Applaufe. }$t tells nfs that he had feen plays a^ed by the great Lope De Rue'da% 
who was a native of Seville, and originally a gold-^beater. When this ge^iius firl| 
apjteared, the Spaniih drama was in it's infancy : one large fack or bag con- 
tained all thefurnituit and drefs of th^theatr^^ coniifting of four (heep-i&ln jackets 
with the wool on, trimmed with gilt leather ^ four beards and perriwigs, and th^ 
fame number of paftoral crooks. T^e piece was no . other than a dialogue or 
eclogue between two or three fwains and a (hepherdefs, feafoned with comitk 
interludes, or rather low bufFooneryi exhibited in the chara£lers of a black- 
moor, a bravo, a fool, and a Bifcayan. The flage itfelf was bompof^d of k 
few boards^ raifed about three feet from the ground, upon four benches or fofmSi 
There was no other feenery than a blainket oi* horfe-cloth (Iretched acrofs, behind 
which the muficians fung old ballads, unaccompanied by any fort of inftrumenti 
Lope de Roeda not <Aily compofed theatrical piecjss, but alfo a5led in every chaV 
racier with great reputation ; in wliich he was fudc^eeded bv Naharro, a Toledan,' 
who improved and augmented the decorations ; ' brought tne mufidc from behind 
the blanket, and placed it forwards to the avdiencoj; deprived the aflors of their 
counterfeit beards, withbutwhich'homan*s part .had betir hitherto performed^ 
invented machines, cloud's, thiitider, ' aiid lightning ;' and introduced ch^IIe^iges 
and Combats ivith incredible fudcefs. But ftill the drama was ru'de, unpolifhed^ 
and irregular J and the fable, libottgh divided mto five a£ls, was altiioftf alto- 
gether deftitute of manners, propriety, and invention. ' ' [ 

From this uncultiVatetl ftate of ignorance and barbarity, Cervantes raifed the 
Spaniih theatre to dignity and edeem, by enriching his dtaraatick produ6tion$ 
with moral fentiments, reguliarityof plan, and propriety of chaVafler; together 
with tlie giaces of poetry, and the beauties of imagination. Hepubliihed thii-ty. 
pieced, which were reprefented at Madrid with univeifal applaufe ; fo tlltit h(^: 
may be juftly deemed the patriarch of the Spanifh drama j and, ib' this particular, 
revered above Lopd ' De Vega himfdf, who did not appear until he h^d left on 
Writing for the ftage. 

In the year 1574, he wai unfortunately taken by a Barbary corfair, and (f6i1- 
veyed to Algiers, where he wai ibid to a Moor, and remained a llavf for the [pace 
of five yeaps-and a half: during which, he exhibited repeated proofs of the molt 
enterprising genius and heroick generofity. Though we know not on what occ^- 
fion he fell into the hands of the Barbarians, he himfelf gives us to underftand, ih 
the floryof the Captive, that he reiided at Algiers in the' reign of Haflan Aga, 1 
nifllan renegado, whofe crudty he defcribes in thefe terms. * He was every day 
^ hanging one, impaling another, maiming a third,- upon fuch flight b'ccailon^;' 

* frequently without any caiife ailigned, that the Tiirlcs themlelves owned he^ 

* z€ked thus out of mere wantonnefs and barbarity, as being naturally of a lavage 
^ difpofition, and an inveterate enemy to the whole human race. The petfon whd 

* wd the gftateft freedom with him, was one Saavedra, a Spaniih foldi^r j who, 
^ though he did many things which thofe neople will not foon forget, in attempt-' 

* ing to regain his liberty, he never gave him one blow, nor ordered him ohce td' 
< be dHafHled, nor even chid himwifh one hafty word ; and yet the leaftof allliia 
' pranks was fufiicient, las we thought, to bring him to the ihke; nay, he him- 

* felf was more than once afraid of^ being imparl alive. If time would perrnitj' 
^ I could here recount fome of that fbldter^s aftions, which perhaps might en-' 

* termin and furprix&you more than the relation of tsiy own ilory.' " ' 

* Thus Cervantes afcertain^ ^ time of his own fla>fierjr, delineai<es witb^ivat e)tw^ 
a^inefs the cbara^er of that inhuman tyranti who is retorded in hiltory as 1 

V ■ • ' 

If * In the prefacii tohu pl^y** 

]B nuudter 

• •• 

vffs quite auftjP5«^AnWf ^^t whjcS th^ C^ve r4|^t«4,ofchimiiWU: 99^t^:t a«r 

i?i5^r wiii^h, hw hm,'ipag tb|? oW<^ of .adajiratipiy 

; Wca^ informed toy, 4 rc(p^im|c^hiiiorian,^ '^rn^^hii^i{ti\<^rfkvP9ni9iU 
^e-witners of^^]ij(^jo/i» thatDoxvMig;ii«l^I)(^Cei^iiH^j aigft))9«Y» «i»t|if» 
Oimg, Spmlh cavj^jer, wj^o^ though he xwrer^nt^m$^>^,,?qj#|dn^ 
If rejwfe^ w^tjiout pa^^ipg ai^ eapcbiti^pt r3fl|%i^. contrivedis^ £^ime,f<qtf- felting 
'»pf«Jf. ff*?/ tpgjtlifr y«IiM\'i;oijr>ecm u«^^^ who 

erf al|.in. t))e. Iike^ circumibinces ot. tl^fU^n uiv(er^#ef(^i fHMffW^t Hl» firft 
ilep was to redcepi one Viana^ ai boM Mayofcaii. i^(W» in, wjiom ^9P^}4 oon^ 
f^de, ajsd'witl)^ whoyhBe {f n^t letfe;^ tatbe g9vern9ryo{^tba^,i4lUE^d).de|iEf9C» in thf 
nape of hinUel/Tand tbe otner gentlemen ca{ttlvie9«. thaJt Jif w^V^iAnHliOVer.a bri* 
gantibe opdqr the direfllbn of YlaxuL, who,ha4 u^(l«L-t^^ 4.a9,,9pj{pi;iled t)me» 
tf't6uehi:fl^^ a cejt^inW.of the.c^ft^^w h* «iW«* 4i¥J thqw^widy. tpi«»^ 


in a cayc^and oarefully (cw^tciSrovf tbcf luiowlo^ p£jthe,(i^i>^Kb]r hjis,gird«iia« 
who waa a. Chiiftian captive. ' Vhx^ pun£liial,W, pfa-ltc^ipf^ ^hj^, prpo^ft^ and jrcn 
turned in a v«fl^l> with w)^'cl^ h^, wai|j(upplied,by tbe.govfrnor of Ma^qrcaii but 
ipin^^ Mpprs chancinje to pafs. )uft aJK ,he anchored, at thf appct^ntfd pl^^^t . th(e. coaft 
waainftantly alarm^» aba |)e.fp)^,himielf o^igfd |o i)e)i«qyiih tbf <mn(via»# 
Xteanwhile, th^ captives being ig^prapt of; this acfi^epi^ renpained iivtbQcavei»» 
which they.nev.ei;,auitte4 Except J9 !di«tnight» and w^re maintained b^ thelibec^Uy 
of Cervantes. For therp^ce^ofievu^ qson^j duri^H w^l^t^ th^ lift were 
brought to them by a^Spanijh (i^y^, kpf^wn by thf^appejjationpf £1 DorndofiPr th^ 
Qilder. No wpnderthat thfjr Jiopeandpat^ence bi^ga^ tp rai}» and their .coaitoHoua 
tobe af&£led by th^.dai^ppefs <^; th«>l4?^e, aiKi^thegr^^,pf ih^r diiappoi^tment^ 
which DonMigyel^ enf^avour^ to.ajiiev^te by thf; pXf s^ife ,of his k^pn, good^hu^ 
mouri andhun^n/tys tillat)aftthei^,ptfrvfyoi;tuqiedtiraitoH andi aUni? 
iim of receiving, a conf^krable rew^rdi difcovered the y;hplf affair ioHsmi 9a(ha^ 
This tyrant, tranfpwtea with, joy at^tbe.infoifingti^ immediately ordered tho 
gvardian, B^Cba » , with , a body , ^f arm/ed men, to tfpllpw> ihe periidions . wsetch* who 
conda6led thckxi to tne ^ave, where they lei zed thoie unhappy fugitives* to^their 
with their faithful gardeiMqr, ap^ forthw^fan^i^.thf yyhplj^.nmbfr |<i |he,^ubUck 
ba£pJQ» except jtervant^ touching. «rf pfe peiiCoA tb|;y.Jhad, received PactiGNias:di^ 
fe^ibos from Haflatfy whp^new.his chara^, and JuiA bef^JopgdetStOQUf of jpofs 
feifine filch a notable, iuve.. A^ pcefent*, however,, j^ in^ntipn W9s tQipenfuiftdft 
Don Miguel to accufe QUver,» one of the fathers pf the ^edeiiAptipn. then at^iUgicsSy 
as an accomplice in the fc^l^^fi^e they hadpi^je{|^t,hemght» on^U^ 
tence, extort frofii the friac^ by.w^ of co|npo(f^09j^ tb^gnateu pvi «f tha^mon 
ney which had been colle^d fo^ thf ranfom of Qurtftiap iUjrea« Acoordiiyl^y he 
endeavoured toinYeig}e.Sau^yfd£^ yvuh artful prpmi(^» and tointimidate htmwith^ 
dreadful threats and imbr^f^iopf^, into th^,CQpf«i)rii)f),or impeachment on whkb 
he wantc^ fo lay hol(![t but th^t £fD^ops ^p9fii^f with a refoltitipp.|ieg»li8r t» 
himCelff ,reie$ed all bispf&ff^ an^ dei^iiipg the:tejH:p];s of jiis Jiienace8,^pcdiftcd ii» 
aftrmins that be had no.a^pc^^pivAipf thfif ^ttf$ wjiiich wasfv^y^e 
refult ofnispwp reflegipn^^ . .: ' ' 

'' After naying in vain t^mpcjn^ ,.with Ju§ H^ti^ty,, in /waled trials that laftcd 
for ievend days, he pMV>S^d.him,and Us pomp^nio^iMV to.^irrefoedivepatrons^ 
notwithilanding the fempnftrai^s.of Al-Ca|d Hai&n» owner. of the garden la 
which thi&y had ^be^n^.apMeben^od ^ wjjq, probably, with a view.tomaajieft hie 
own innocence, ftrenupwlyveyhg'^^i the;Balh$i fio u»U^ the molt t exemplary po* 
luflMncntypd^c ofifeudpib.and a^tuaUyput his ewAgar4oi}C( to death. Gemntee 

* F. Ditgo D« Hae4«t 


Mt« tip .CfOtVANTltJlX IK 

iMJff ntni his owiiy fliid 'ptucBf led nnilk iWmi ius'liwABi' D^r;Avfe itoQclcdd docstis 
then Ik wn iiaafd)bikr» * While Ittoia dtal naifned Bfnkrd in ^ile cfift6d& 
' * tay vdRlty itaVet, mhd Afen inv tdliol^ city, are ftcure.*' For Be had not Mf 
t oo cfe i ted a notnber of fchethet for the ddivcr^ncc of hit feUbv-cdptivtey ImtM 
iefigm liad even aipired to the ciiiiqiieft of Algicrt» akid.iic wastt fobrrdiArait 
times on thcfoiniof fadne impaitd, hobkdd> t>r bmroed alivi^. Any fiD||i«a^ 
tempt of th^ kind vrould mnre been deemed a d^>ital vtSenetf Mifder tfaemttddb 
governmeiit that ever fubfifled amoiig the Moon j bbt ihto was fomethhig in tiir 
character or petfonal deportment 6i Cervantesi which commanded xttTpeft fit>m 
barbarity it^if t for we mid that HaiTah Baiha treated him With incredibfe Unkf, 
and hh redemption was dierwarda e^le^ed by the hutercUIidA oFa ttinitarian ^tfaii^ 
for a ihooiadd ducats*. 

Ftbm this a^cotmt of hit behavioar in Barbdry, it iqipears tint lie Mt&^'fitt 
toon importaatjairt than that of a poor nrntilatbd foldiir i he is dignifisdwiih the 
fmdellatibn of mm Mifftiel De Cervantes, 'and reprelented as a cavalfer <«^mA 
anuent fortoile enabled him to gratify the benevolence and iiberalitT of \ud diibdh* 
iition. We mitft thetcfon take it for grknted, that ile acquired tua Wipalth afi^ 
the battle of L^pamo^ Where be futelj^ wootdlnot havf fo^t^as a private Mdttt, 
co«M bcf have commandfil either money or intcreft to procure d more jcmibtduofft 
Aatiori id the iervioe. Be that ark will', his condna at Algiers refle6tonoiAttt 
bpon bis country $ and w^iHe we applaud him as an author^ we ought to revei^ 
Jnin as a manj nor wHl his AodtAy be lefs the bbjoft of bur admiration, if n^ 
' confider that he has, upon this dctafion, negleAed the finireft opportunity a mah 
could pofllibly enjoy, of difpiaying his own character to ffaegreatefl iadyahtag^, 
and indufging that felf-^compiacency which is fo natural lo the fa^man h^rt. 

As he returned to hit own cbuntry with thofe principle bf which be Ind bceb 
difHn^died in his es^ile, and an heart entendered and exercifed in fympathislng 
iirith nh fellow*creatures in difbefs 3 we mair fuppofe be c6nldndt advert to the 
hiibns of okbnomv, which a warm imngiftttion feidom or never retiias } b^t thtit 
bfs heart glowed with all the e'nthufiato of fricndihip, and that his boonfy extendeB 
to every obje£lof compamon which fell within his view. 

Notwithftanding all the fliafts of ridicule which he hath fo fucceftfidly Ibvelled 
againft the abfurdides of the Spaniffar romance, we can olain)^ perceive, from bla 
owi^ writings, that he himfelf had a turn for clnvalrv : his lire was a chain of ex- 
traordinary adventures, his temper was alto^ther beroick, and all his -arsons 
were, without doubt, influenced by the nooft romantick notions of honour. 

Spain has produced a greaternumber of thefe charaClfrs, than we iheet^th 
ftpon record in any otber nation | and whether fuch fingularity be tHe ifkSt of 1^- 
^unii or mbtal caufes, or of both combibed, I^all not pretend todetermihe* Let 
US obly afBrm, thit thfs dtfpbiition is not GOBfined*to anv particular- people or pe- 
fiod or time': even in our own connttyi and IntHefe degenoate dayii, we lometimsa 
finci individuals Whom 'nature feems td have intended for 'mfembeiiof tboft ideal 
focieties wbicH never did, and peifaaps never ban exift, bot in tmaginatioh } and 
vfho remind u$ of the chara£brs deictibed •Irf Homer, and Plutarch, as patrtoQi 
ftcrificing tbeirlives for their coulitry, audlieiioes encduntering dtmger, ndtskth 
inififfierence andxontjnMp);, but with all the raptdre and impetuqfity of a paiSonte 

If vfe coi^der Pervt^ntes' at a m«n infpircd by fuch fVnfiniehtSi and a^hiaied by 

^'To dills adventure h,e 4oabtlcfs alludes, !n the flory 6f th^ Captive) who Tays, 
that Whbn he aqd bis fe!!o^-flaVes>ere dellberatifi^ about ranfdd^llig one of their auni- 
b^r^ Who ihoutd go to Valencia aA^MMayorca, and procure a veflel with which he migitt 
retinnaiM ffetch off the reft, dl(i»iieKadowhowa«oftlieircoimd|o|i|>dfedtiiefehcm0» 
ohlenrbi^^-l^t tixnfe who aris once Mivcted %|dom think of p^iriqnniaifthe proralfife 
they, have made in .captivfty t i|a a coa^mattoa of the truth of . what be alkdged, h^ 
briefly reeomnCed a«aie which had lately happened to ibme Chiiitiiyi gentlemca, attimdc^ 
with the firangeft circumftancea ever known, even in thofc partSi whfre the sioft on- 
common and iiirpuaiag evenu occar alntoil every day. 

B a fucii 

li Slid iK^thcBmh ti«it^' Iranr hU known fenfibilitj «nd mtoml eomm 
{lifxio»,iiuppofe hun tb htfws.been nidified: to pieaiure and the amnieimntvof' 
f^ftUmtyy^' we cannot 'be forprized to find his finances ip a Itttie time exhavfted, 
«od tfaeiacc of hit affairs totaliy. revered. It was probably in the dedlineof hitf 
S^/t^Mt^, thatv'he ^xcTolved to re-i^ypear in the eharafkerof an author, and ftand 
candfdatefbt the pablickriafroQr» which would be a certain refource in the day of 
. tvonblei) he thereiFois compofcd his Galatea, in fix bpoksi which was ptibliflied 
In.tbeyear t$%i^ dedicated to Afcanio Colonna, at that tiine abbot of St. Sophia, 
.9nd;afteniraids cardinal of the holy crois of Jeru^lem- . 

I*- ^be rich irein of invention, the. tendernefs of pailion^ the delicacy of ienti- 
^iKnt. the power and purity of diflion, difplayed in this peiformance, are cde-» 
Jbmtei Jw DonXouis DeVareas Manrique, in a commendatory (bonet, which t« 
a very efegapt a|id hpnourab^ teflimony of our author^s.fuccefs. . NeverthekTst 
•tfie:pi»iu£HiAn hat been cenTuivd for the'irregulaHty of it*s ftile» the tncosre^Vnef^ 
j>f iCa veiiificationi and the multiplicity of it's incidents, which 'iiiciiinber and 
'feonplex the principal narration | and,, over and above thefe objeftions, the defign 
IS not brought to a donolufion , Co that the plan a ppears meagre and deie6live. He 
liiittfclf pleads gniity to fome palt of the chBige» in the fentence pronounced 
iy (h/^ cvrat^ in tlie firft part of -l>on Quixote $ who, when the barber takes jup 
Jae Galatea of Miguel De -Cervantes^ * That iiime Cervantes,* faya be, * has 
f been an nitimate jrifend of mine thefe.many vears, and is to my ceiftain knowt 
f ledge, more conveifant with misfortunes than with p6etry. There is a good 
f vein of invention in his book, whieh propofes (braething, thouffh it oondudes 
f nothing. We muft wait for the fecond part which he promiies ; and then^ 
5 perhiy>8, his amendment may delServe a full pardon, which is now denied.* 

Whether the fttccefs of Galatea encobraged our author to oblige the world with 
ibme of. thofe theatiicad pieces » which we have already mentioned as the firf( re- 
gular productions of the Spaniih drama,, or the whole number of thefe was writ- 
ten and a^ed before his captivity, I have not been able to determine ; but, in all 
.probability^ his'ftrft efl*ay$ of that kind were exhibited in the interval between the 
;battle]of Lepanto and the commencement of his ilavery, and the reft pubUihed 
after his redemption. 

Unle£i we fuppofe him tp have been employed at Madrid in this manner for his 
<fub&ftence, we muftpafs over two and twenty years, which aflpord us no p^rticuiar 
information touching the life of Saavedra^ though, in that period, he married 
JDonna Catallne.De Salazar, diflipated the remains of hisfoitune, experienced the 
ingratitude of thofe he had befriended in his.profperity,. and after having fuftained 
rtiferies of .moTtiftcations and difbtfsi was committed to. prifoil in coniequence of 
tlu! debts he had contra£led. 

!Xo.thi8 difmal' fltuation, he compofcd that performance which is the delight and 
•admiration of all Europe; I mean^ the firft part of Don Qusscotr, which he 
.^mrote ipjth a viewto. ridicule anddifdredit tboft ahfurd romances, filled with the 
*^oft nauie(yut*improbabtUty and unnatural extravagance, which had debauched the 
;tafte.of mipkind, and were indeed a diigrace to common fenie and reafbn. Not 
.that Cecvaptes had any intention to combat the (pirit o^ knight-errantry, (et pre* 
Valent ainon^ the ^aniards ; on the.contrary , I am perfuaded he would have been 
4he .firft; man in w nation, to ftapd up. for the honouc.and defence of chivalry i 
which, when reftraineq within due bounds, was an excellent inftitution,. that in> 

{pired.t^ ni<)ft h^rinck fentiments'tf [coupge and patrlotiftn^ aiid on many occa- 
ions conduced to the peace and fafety of the commonwealth. In the chaiafVer of 
.pop Qs^ixo^ej 6.eexhi)>its ^ good ^underftanding perverted by reading romantick 
iflories, wjiich h^.no foundapipn in natiue or ii> fafk. His intel lefts are not fup* 
:pofed to havabeea damaged by tl^q^perufal of authentick hiftories, which recount 
jhe exploits of kn^tsand heroes who really exifted; but his raadnefs (eernt to 
iave flowed fToni^lnf'cted4ility,VaBd A tatsan wildnefs of imagination, which was 
'captivated by the marvellous reprei^tation of dwarfs, giant«, necromancers, and 
»btherpretematuril ektrlvagance. ' t^i^jn thefe legends he fofm^ his whole plan 
of conSuft ; iiind, thd\3(gh nothing^'-^atj- be more lidrculous than the terms'irport" 
which he is defcribcd to have ctfmHienced knight- errant, at a time when the tc- 
gulMions of fccicty had rendered the prCffeWon unoeceirary, and indeed illegal ; 


4ittxiktno« of liit fmu^ ^oofiftft in tbat ftnittge facul^ of miftiking and 
liMmdiog^ the njoft familiar obJ€6ks with the fantaftical illuiioiiswhiaitlioiffro* 
^roancea bad engendend in his taocv. So that our author did not enter the liils 
«gainft the memory of thereal iiibftantial chivalry* which he held in veneration | 
Imt with defign to expel an hideous phantom that poifisfled the hnunf of the peofUe^ 
waging perpmud war with true genius and inveation* 

The iuccefs of this undertaking muft have exceeded his moft (anguine hopes. 
Pon Quixote no iboner made his appearance, than the old romances vaniflied like 
mift bmre the fun. The ridicule was Co piking, that even the wa nuefl admirers 
0f Affl^dis and his poAerity feemed to awake from a dream^ and reflefied widt 
amazement upon dieir former infatuatioD. Every dtijpaifionate reader w^s charmed 
with the humoroQs characters of the knight and fquire, who ftraight became the 
Civourites of his fancy | he was delighted with the variety of entertaining ioci* 
dents, and conitdcredthe author*s good ienie imd purity of liile with adminiiiott 
and applauie* 

. He informs us, by the mouth of the batchelor Sampfon Carrafcot that eren 
before the publication of the fecond part, twelve thoufand copies of the £rft vterp 
Idffeadjp in print, befidcs a new impreifion then working oiF at Antwerp. * The 
^ very children/ lays .be, < handle it, boys read it, men underftand, and old people 
I api&aud the oerformance. It is no ib<mer laid down by one, than another takes 
< itup» fyoK Kruggline, and fome intrsatingforafightof itj; in fine, this hiftory 
f is the moft delightfuland leaft prejudicial entertainment that ever was feen { for« 
' in the whole book, there is not the leaft (had^yw of a diflumoilrable word, nor 
4 one thought unworthy of a good catholick.* 

Nor was this appiaufe confined to the kingdoms and territories of Spain. The 
fame of. Den Quixote diffufed itfelf through all the civilized countries of £urope | 
end the work was fo much admired in France, that ibme gentlemen who attended 
she French embailador to Madrid, in a converfation with the licentiate Marquee 
Torres^ chaplain to the archbiAiop of Toledo* exprefled their furprize that Cer- 
yantss was not maintained from the publick treafury, as the honour and pride of 
the^panifti nation. Nay, this work, which was firft publiftied at Madrid in the 
year 1605, had the good fortune to extort the approbation of royalty itfelf : Phi. 
lip lU. budding in a baicony of his oalace, and furveying the adjacent country, 
perc^iyed a ftudent on the bank of the Manzanares, reading a book, and every 
pow and then ftriking his forehead and burfting out into loud fits of laughter. 
His majefty havine obferved his emotions for (bme time, ' That ftudent,' faid 
he, < is either mad,* or reading Don Quixote«* Some of the courtiers in atten- 
dance, had the euriofity to go out and enquire, and a^lually found the fcbolar en« 
gaged in the adventures of our Menchegap. 

: Aft the book was dedicated ^o the Duke De Bejar, we may naturally fuppole 
that, nobleman, either by his purie or intereft, obtained the author*8 difcharge from 
prtfiyo*^ for lie congratulates' himfelf upon the prote6^ion of foch a patron, in 
pertahi verfes prefaed to the book, and fuppofed to be written by Urganda the 
unknown. He afterwards attra^ed the notice of the Count De Lemos, who 
icems 10 have been his chief and favourite benefa6(or s and even enjoyed a fioail 
(hare of the countenance of the cardinal archbiihop of Toledo : fo that we can* 
iiot, with .any probability, efpoufe the opinioii of thofe who believe hii Don 
Quixote was intended as a fatire upon the adminiftration of that nobleman. Nor 
inhere the leaft plaufible reafon for thinking his aim was to ridicule the condudl 
of Charles V» wboTe name he never mentions without expteflions of the utmoft 
ifeyeience and rq^ard. Indeed, his own indigence was a more fevere iatire than 
any. ik^ig hfi could have invented againft the mluiftry of Philip III. for, though 
their pvote^lion kept him from ftarviogr it did not exempt him from the difficult 
tks, aiid ' mortifications of want ; and no man of tafte apd humanity can refledfc 
|H>on hil (;ttara^er and circumftances, without being (hocked at the barbarous, in* 
difference of hispatrons* . What he Qbtained was not the offering of liberality 
and .tafte, butthf fini^Qted akns of compaftion ; he was hot refpefted a^ agttniiis^ 
but relieved as a beggar. 

One would hardly imagine that an author cpuld languifli in the ihade of por 

^fV^y V^^ coutenipt| while liis works af{x}|-dcd entertainment and delight to whole 

' > " ' nations, 

iiiiMat,i9iid*vaifi>vtnigiit were feimd nrtke aimbcr of InilMdq^f rM"Cki#% 
vimtes luul tlie mufortuHe to write in the itign of M prinoe ^hti(k difpoiitt^ ^iMi 
fefdidy and arluyle talcnc*« aodmllf mean, hvl peoefvodno auuHMr^f ciiltivniiMi| 
lb tkot fais head was akogctlieronituo&uceil mitit ibitncti and liie li^art mn vtiar 
Itonyrj io i AenvMiet'af ibcndkmoi. Nor dbdiheltlMraliafftt/diriff ^ Jeaft^n* 
<;bura^ment from his miniftry^ which wa»ever mrwak and^mBvcring. The .f^Aat 
])el;«raaa,fasmstalia¥>ud, in^folote, ihaikiw^braiatod^itfciaii, whofe 
•whole attention wsttomployod in prt feroing thegood gtnnes of ln» flBaftnr ) tbl^iigb^ 
notwhhftanding all 'hit -eiiem». he ftiil Audited between fadrour and di%raipi^ Ittnf 
at Jaft waa faia to fliehtr hiro&lf undertbe hat t>f a cardinal . At for «fae i3hunt 
De Lemoe, mho had iome fliare in the.admmiftration»' he aibftad^ to pattvnise'aRMi 
of Mgentue^ thoiigh he had hardly ipenetration enoughto^diilingiiiii merit j «n4 ihn^ 
little taAe he fSkStd waa fo mudi waryied by vanity aiid felf^doiidefty tfaatthcft 
wai no other avenue to hisfHendfliipinit the road or adidatioii ilKl'nlUHgvtidt i 
we need not, therefore, wonder that bis bounty was fo fparingly beftowea iiMl 
Cenrantei> whofe coofcmn wopdi ahdipivit ywM wn Meriiim to pm^e Hch 
lerniity or profttation^ < ; 

Kather than ftoop fo far beneath the. dignity of hia •vm ohafodar, :he ttMm^ 
to endure the feveraft ftings of foit«ne; and, for a iferies ofojntara, whMkd with 
ineeneeivable vexation and diftrels. ^vcn in tbia low iituationy he waa not mc*- 
«npted from the ill offices of thoie who envied his talents and hia liime. Th6 
|>ad vmtacs vilified his |*entusy and cenfored his morals} they cbnlbned DoH 
Quixote into »i inipertinent Itbel, and endeavoured to d^reciate his Bxemphu^ 
Novels, which were publifhed at Madrid, intheyear i<W^* Tfais pcr^E^mNuicA 
ia (bch as might be expeftcd from the invention and ekganeiaf Cervantet^ and 
was accordingly approved by the beft fiid|es oi hia lime* fodettd,. it m»ft havi 
been a great confelation to htm, in the midft of his mis^otiesy to #» himielf 
•ek^rated by the ehoiceft wits of Spin ; and,, nnong the t^A, by the lemHtrnttt 
JjOft De Vega, princo of the Spamfli theatit, who, bothdnri»g(th(p lile smdaihk^ 
^e^ath of our aothor, menttonedhntn in the m^ wf^ieftftil twimsof aihft i iiHio n.*^ 

Sut| of all thesnfuks'ta vrhich he was exposed l&om the malevnienoe of man^ 
kind« nothing pronofcedi him fo much, as (he oiitvage he fuftaiiiedt from the' in* 
fohence and knavery of anaoibor, who, while he was preparing the ivn>tiA part 
of Don Quixtotefor the prei's, in the year idt^, pubiifliffd a peiArmince^ in* 
titled. The Second Volume of ^ fa^ Uida%o X)on Quixote 0e lA Manchat 
containing his third faiiy. Compofed by the licentiate Alonao Femaadea Da 
Av^llaneda^ a native of TofdeiSlkis ^ dediaaled to the ricAlde^ regidoas,* and 

gtntiemen, of the nobje town «f Avgamaiillayttle happy coonury of Don Qgoeoat 
e La Mancha. This impoftor, not oontentcd viriih having robbed Cervantes af 
his f]^n, and, aa Ihine pec^ie believ^ •f a good pait of hisaepy, aittanfaed Kim 
pevftnally^ inhispre^Me, in the motf virulent manner) xcoufing hia tdwatfi 
m^iee, pseviflMcw, and rancour j repfoaching him wilfh<hia poverty^ and.lMdng 
hwa with having abnied' his oot»m)>orary wHfcn, partictthndy Lope De Vegx» 
vinder the ihadtow aS whofe reputation Hi is fpurious writer takes (hcheit, pre« 
tendkig to havo he<n laflied, together wdtit that ^eat genius, in fome of one 
atithor^s critical rtfle^ons. 

In Ipito of the di^uife he aifumed, €ervantc«'direovered-hini< to be^an Arragiy- 
niafi} and' in aM pi«bability knew his r^l na^e, which, 'howwer, her did Aot 
think proper to tranfmit to; potency i and hi^ lilence in this particular vraa tho 
reAilt either of dlfcretion, or comempt>. If he wasa peifon of con<e«|uem?e^ at 
fome people iuppo^, it was undouhtedfy pradenqrin Cet^nntes tia pretend ignonm«e 
of hift nrue name and quality $ bccaufe, under the ihaulow of that pretenct, ht 
could* the more fteurely dbalHie him for his dolJneftr fcurriiityi^ and prerumpti<[>n s 
but if he knewhiflft ta be a man of no-diavader or eftittiatiowiat lifb^^ Ire opght to 
hive deemed him* altogether unworthy of his reftnttten^ i for his - produ(£tion ^^rat 
fiidh as eonld not polB bly pfejudice our author^ intereft or rtanianot^ It ia ai-* 
togethir- v6id of invention And^ pMpriety ^ the c hawftwy of DM ^)iiKe and 

•* Laur^ De Apollo SdiVa «i 


• •• 

Urm OF: CIRV'AMXM. xm 

tamillg(flO^>kiiliB<yb«yfc9 tadidieflifafrbflrbaoatn* fiiyofaiyi.aiidtpedMticfck 

tMpitieiik. lUittprnfiiaM^.£t»vthi?'a>iifideimiBn.(^ liis.'iiiMillniaM^» thurtfat 
«ynw h«v» lookedtipw thciAttenipr witliiilesfe diidain^ hail- UMr'fTtttfeii»i/)Mf4 
IVMlU al^ftaiiittlibQii^pfitlbmbBbti&i; biiftiiodifig.hiiiireif faiBJlittoiiflQr^Qpttiiiklfal 
widkcrimM.wdbkkdisticlula^luixiQd^.to indt^Bttiail aackfkfiA 

cule« which .appear thnnigb the preface and fecond part of Don ^liMcy iiii4i 
VMirl|r of ^ 9gAmadilot6m%'eip3»\if' witty aadt Axr^iei Meed/. tkergeaiiiiifcAcdiiti- 
miitionf ^idir'«ia*publUhedin.the7fsri6«5t coturincodtlienRFomtfaitiiD'Otef 
pfiioii Mii^cociiiplcaitiChe'plao of thcsr oiigkialiprojcAor.. It ^ms. teceivcatl wMi 
HithVKfaljoy flttdclipprQbiitio»| aid kn. a .very/lnilflrtaiie ttanflaldd} ioio' the* Itak 
SHi^gea.'Qt. italw l!ruK»»(£i^^attd»'andolber«ountrie99 wlicrr»^th<ntgh>the knigM 
apfiavfd toL difiulFaalq^ ne' was. tttatRdr M:«.iQobie:ftraDger-oiF ivpcrlmrtf 

mefit-ant^iJtinttiott* . i - ' ' 

Itt.tbe7«ar afivr..tha;.piiblicattQn-iof Jut ncfvels^ Ccnnmtet ufltered iatothd 
wadd a. poeoticallfidi Ai Voyage to PamaiFus». dedicated to D0n> B^daga- D^ 
X^'a^ |cn%) ^t» Ja^a.. This . performance - is an ironical 'MrpnovthrStei^ 
nifl» poets d: fait, fime^ wnttenin imtfatiai: of Osfar Caporali^i wb«i iaidBd> W 
CAtenporarica of lit^f under itfae fame ttfle | dboogk Saaimira' feens tmtbavtftklid 
alf# Another ^copv Bamely^ to consplainof. the (ktle;regajid that^was fakNi> M 
ova. age.aad tak&tt •. Thoie wfaaiwiU not aUow this pieoe: to be .att ettetsHmt 
poeflB*. c^mmt help owning tbat»it abounds rwithf* wit and imani^'fatirri. andrthatt 
nniliiag could be a- maae«keen scpinach upon thetafte andpatronage-vf itttittmts) 
than dienUalng^ tfaat-.pafieb hietween him and ApoUdj torwtiDn^a£r fasmgmnrii 
a. Isolde vet jiift rocapitukMann a€. his own fuceefs m writings he ytf)ht ricaliy f w nl i i 
piains> that he w» idcaied a ieatamong his Jbrethcen j and^ takieSiOConiUv<toiQb' 
ferv<e> ^at i?ewanls jwerrnot beltonwed accordingUmertt» butiincbnle^eota^f 
UBlereftand'^vnuru . * ' > 

He. h9Sy uponfother oecafionsi raadeftrrDe' remarks ^upon the fcaacity4>f . patitai^ 
aoMmg tbenqhili^Af * Spain, .and erenaimad^tbeWfaiafts of- hia fativeat tkatfirontf 
tt^lf.. In iiiaidadaiatioa of « the feeond.psrt o£ Don 'Qobcote; tathb<36cMi«dC^ 
Lomoa^ hey ii a a sa d s 'ia this ironical ftrainrr *■ •Enema petfon expefies a -gnaderda^ 

* fo: o£;mingi«nyv £k>n* Quiaeofie, than the anighty Bm^eroc of< Chiha^' mbo^ 

* adiout a mondiago, fent me a letter by an exprefs,. defiringi or rather ^biiMeh-' 
*'ing« meto fupply him with a copyjof 'that'perfbrmancet as he hitended)ta build 

* and endow,axoilegn for teaching :the.Spani(Hlangaagefroni. my bdok^ anchwi^ 
■ reioived .to make. mC'roftor or. piincipak teaoher. I . aflosd* if > hit mi^inr iiait 

* 'fent me|Uiy thing towacda de&aying-tbe changes;} and, when 4ie nniwetedinifthil 

* tii|gatt?ie,« '** Why, then,, friend,'* Eddi I', <* -yon may return to^Ohinanafboma* 
<< 'yoiLpieafei farmy^own paK^ I am not ina ftat0K>f heaith>to undettafce fuehaiong^ 
** )oumeys befideSf I am^noe onlyweak»in body^ but ftiil weaker in pwtfk^i an4i 
*' ib I am sh» jemperar^s moft Junnblfc fervant**' . In flu>rt, emperor for lempemr^ 

* and monarch for monarch, to take one with 1 the other » and fetthe^aitfahead^ 
< againft the gooia;gibIett^ there is the nobia Connt De Lemoa, at^Naplds, who, 

* wishout.any re^olrlhips, fupports, praieAs^ and iavours me, to any: heart V 

* content.? » 
Tina facetious pafagnpk'^ccrtainlynUadm) to fi>m&vafubfttbidaiip faeitadr 

reaeiived.fn>m the convt. ■ Al diefametmie'ti cannot help obfewingy:' that insngpar^A 
titodeandacknofwMgment to> the «CountKl>e 'Lemoa, fesm toha^ gasacly ex"*' 
ceedoiitke obiigatidn) ' for^i at^hk «r«ry time,«.while iieisexloilingihia generofity^.' 
he gives us to underftand that his circumftances were extremaLymd^aait. 

' Att the «ery tiaaaof»^)iA:<ledieatinn^! th«»povie0ty'«f iCannmtes! had.inoraaftil/to 
fuck < a degrec'>of'difti«fsv^ithat^ he'ifMa vfMO>t9; ieU^eight playa^ anek taa ^nanjd 
inieilvdes^ to }uan>ViUaiiael, bccatiic^hn«htd fteithsf tneanstsaia cttdit fdrprimingt 
than|nthi&own«Kj»MMa«r. , ThaiathiatricaUpieoes^ v(4iick w^pubiiflMdat^Madriln 
in the year 16x5, though counted inferior to many produ^lions of Lope De Vega, 
have neverthelefs merit enough to perfuade the dilceming'i'eadsa ah*t^ayt woSld 
have fuceeded iathejp^t&fitattoiHi bntiiewaa nafanmrite with Ahi^^plajNn, who 
have always arrogated to themfelves t hsipiap e fa tiyaaofcfu^yng an^rejeaing (lie 



ftoinMaaM d te draiAa; vtAt ^ they forbore to oilcfy be di Msuned to 6Mdt 
their acceptanct. The troth it, he vonfidered afloM ad the fcrvants of the publkHi 
who, though iistklad to a certain dqpreetif favour ami eacoiinifefiient for the eifier* 
tainment. di^ irffimledy ought evtr to demean thetilielvea with- modifty and re- 
fteft for then: benefadrorss and- he had often profiefied htrnfelf an enemy to the 
|clf'iiiiBciency» iaiblence, and outnupous behaviour of the king*B company, Ibme 
tf whom had been guilty of the moft flagrant crimes^ and e?en committed murder 
with inipanity • ) 

- It is iometnnet in the power of the neft inconfiderable wreteh to mortify a cha« 
taJier of the higheft dignity. Cervanteiynotwxthftanding his cpnttnmt of fuch petty 
critkks, could not help. feeling the petulance of a puny player, wnofirerumed lo 
depreciate the tUentt of this vcnenible father of themrge. * * Some years ago*/ 
£qr8 he» ' I hadrecourfe again to nty old amuTenient | aiui, on the foppofition that 
\ the times were not altered fince mv name was in fome eftimation, I composed a 
' lew pieces for the ftage j but found no birds in laft year's netts : my meaning it, I 
oottid And no player wno would aik for my pmormaitcesy though the whole 
ooiDpany knew they were finiihed ; fo that I threw them aifide, and condemned 
them ta .perpetual filence. About this time, a certain bookfeiler told me be 
would hare purchaied my plays, had he not been prevented by an a^^or, who 
faid» diat from my proTe much might be expe6led, but nothing' from my verier 
I confers, I was not a little chagrined at hearing this declaraiion) and* ihid to 
myfelf» f ' Either I am quire altera!, or the times are greatly improved, contfsnry 
to common observation, by which the paft is always pi-efe i red to the prefcnt.** 
I reriftd my comedies, together with fome interludes which had lain fome time 
in a comer, and I did not think them To wretched, bur that they might appeal 
from the. muddy brain of this player, to the clearer perception of other abhors leik 
ferupvloiis and more, judicious. Being quite out of humour, I parted with i^e 
copy to m:bookfelIer, who ofFered me a ^tolerable price: I took his money, 
without giving myfelf any farther trouble about the a6lors, and heprinied thenv 
as you Tee. I could wrih they wene'the beft in the world $ or, at Icaft,- p6i]eflfd 
of ibme merit. Gentle reader, thou wilt foon fee how th^ are, and if thou 
canft find any thing to thy liking, and afterwards Should happen* to meet, with' 
my back-biting a£lor, defire him, from me, to take care and mend himfelf; for 
I offend no man : as for ihe plays, ihou mayeft tell him, they contain naglann|f 
- nonienie, no palpable abfurdities.* ' 

» The fource of this indifference towards Cervantes, we can eaiily explain, by* 
obferving that LopeDe Vega had, by this time, engrofied the theatre, and tlie fa- 
vour of the publick, to fuch a degree, as enfuved fuccels ta all his performances f 
Sa that the players would not run any riik of miscarriage, in exhibiting the pro^ 
dtt6itons of an old neglected veteran, who had neither inclination nor ability tif 
fupport his theatrical pieces by dint of intereft and cabal. Far from beingalmr tor 
raiSe faftions in his favour, he could hardly fubfift in the moft parfimonious manner;* 
and in all probability would have actually ftarved^ had not the charity of the' 
Count De Lemos enabled him barely to breathe. ' 

The laft work he finiflied was a novel, intitled, TheTtoiibles^J^ritlesand* 
Sigifmunda} which, however^ he did not live to fee in print. This child of hi? 
old age he mentions in the warmeft terms of paternal aifeaionf , preferring it to alh 
tiie reSi of his produ^^iohs $ a cpdnplimcxtt Vvhtch every iuthor pays to the youngeft 
offspring of his genius ; for, whatever fentence the world may pronounce, every 
man thuiks he daily improves in experience and underlbrndingi and that in n*^ 
fttfing the pre-eminence to his laft effort, he would fairly own t& decay anddqge* 
neracy of. his own talents. 

Wemuftnot, however, impute the encomiums which Cervantes beftovra upon 
his left performance tp this fond partiality alone \ . becauiis the book has indubitable 
merit; and, as he himfelf fays, may ptefume to vie with theoelehrated romance 
of Heliodorus{, in elegance of diftum, entcclai&iag incidents, and iccusdity •£ 


In hit prefi^e to his plays* 

P«iface to his novels, Dedieatioa of the laft part of Don Q^Mit# 

The Loves of Theagcaes and. ChatkliSr . ^' 


^Vmtiott. fi^are this novel faw th» ]ight» ouf -author WSf Alltel with k dfO(iQr» 
nirhkh gfadually conveyed, hini to his grave ; aod nothlag coi^d ^Ure a more ad- 
vantageous idea of his chara^er, than the fortitude and good-humour w^ioh hs 
a|ppcafi8.tQk haver maiotaioed to the laft moment of his'lifei. oi^erwl^elmed at he was 
^mithmiibry« old ap^ andan incurable diftemper. The pveftioe and dedication of 
bi^ Fesfiles and Sigjlinunda contain a journal oB his laft ftSge^ by which weait 
enabied ^to g^efsF at the pctcife tioae of his deceaft* ' Loving reader/ faid he, * at 

* two of my friends and myielf were coming^from the famous town of Efauivia^'*^ 

* famoas, I fay^ on a thouXand>accounts$ firil) for it's iliuftrtous ^sunilies^ aiicl 

< fecondlvy for it*S more illuftrious w(neS| &c.— •! heard fomebody gallbpiag'afto 

* usv withinteat, at I imagined^ tajoin our company} and» iHdeedi hefoonjuT* 

* tified my conje^ure, hy.caUing'out to us to ride more foftly. We fMcoidingiy 

* waited for tbi» ftcangitr $ who, ridiogupto us up<Hia flle-afsi appeared to be^ 
*■ grey ihideat) for he was cloathedin grey, with countcy buikins^ fuch arpe»* 

* 5mts wear to defend their legs in harveft-time» rottnd^toed (hoe^» a fwontiud* 

* vided, as it happened^ with a tolerable chape, a ftarched band, and ail even 
*' nmtiber of three-thread bredet | for the trutti is, he had but two| and, asbki 
' band. would every, now avd then ihift to one fide^ he took incredible pant to'ad<- 

* juft it again. << Gentlemen,"" faid he, '< you are going, belike^ toiblitit'ibinfe 
<< p(>ft orpesilonat'Court': his eminence bf Toledo iniift<be>tbeit^ to barfai«; or 
** the. king at lea(H by your nuiking fuch hafte. In good faith I cotdd hardly 
** overtake yon,, though my afs hath been more than once applauded fora totorai- 

ble ambler/^ To this addrt^ft one of my companions, replied^ '* Wfe aver obliged 
ta&ton at a good rate, to keep up with that there mett)efome nag^ bcitnlgtag*to 
Si^nior Miguel De Cervantes/" Scarce had the ftudent heard my name, wnen^ 

* fprmging from the back of his afs, while his pannel fell one way, and his wallet 

* another, he ran towards me, and taking hold of my ftirrup, "Ave, ave/* 

< cried he, '< this is the found cripple 1 the renowned, the merry writer^ in a 
^< word, the darling of the mufes !"" In order to make fome return to thefe high 

* compliments, I threw my arms about his neck, fo as that he loft his band hf 

* the eagemefs of my embraces ; and told him that he was miftaken, like many 

< t)f my well-wilhers. " 1 am, indeed, Cervantes,^* faid I ; " but not the dar-^ 
** ling of the mufes, or in any, (hape deferving of thofe encomiums you have 
** beftowed : be pleafed, therefore, good fignior, to remount your beaft, and 
"* let us travel together like friends the reft of the Way." The courteous ftudenc 

* took my advice $ and, as we jogged on foftly together, the converfation hap« 

< pening to turn on the fubje£l of* nyy- illnefs, the ftranger foon pronounced my 

* doom, by afTuring me that my diftempet: was a dropfy, which all the water ot 

* the ocean, although it were not fait, would neVer be able to quench. '* There* 
*^ fore, Signior Oervantes,"" added the ftudent, *< you muft totally abftain front 
^' drink j but do not forget to eat heartily t and this regimen will efFe6t your 
** recovery without phyfick."-»-" I have received the fame advice from other 
*' people,"* anfwered I, ** but I cannot help drinking, as if I had been born t9 
« do nothing elfe but drink. My life is drawing to a period; and, by the 
*' dally journal of my pul%^which I find will have finifhed it^s courfe by 
*' next Sunday at farthelt, I (hall alfo have flnifhed my career j fo that you com* 
*' in the very nick of time to be acquainted with me, though I (hall have no 
•* opportunity of (hewing how much I am obliged to you for your good-vnll.** 

* By this time we had reached the Toledo Brid^ ; where, finding we muft part^ 

* I embraced my lludent once more j and he, having returned the compliment 

* with great cordiality, fpurred up his beaft, and left me as ill-difpofed on my 
' horfe as he was iD-mounted on his afs } although my pen itched to be writing 
^ fbme humorous defcription of his equipage : but, adieu my merry friends all j 

* for I am going to die, aUd I hope to meet you agaiii in the odier world, at happy 

* as heart can wifh.* 

Aftep this adventure* which he fo pleafantly relates, (tiayi eveil iti his laft 
moments) he dictated a moft afFe6lionate dedication to his patron, the Count 
J3e Lemot, who was at that time prefident of the Supreme Council in Italy. 
He begins facetioufly with a quotation from an old ballad j then proceeds to 
ttU hit excellency> that he had received exttemc uo^nj and wat on the brink 

Q of 

Xn I/IFB OF CliltV^^^gg^ 

of eternity ; yet lie wilhed Vie could live to fee the counf s rctunfi, and ' erert f# 
finifli the Weeks of the Garden, and the fecond part of Galatea, in which 
' he had made fome progrefs. 

This dedication ^ras dated April 19, 161 7; and, in all prohability, the author 
died the verv next day, as the ceremony of the un^ion is never performed until 
the patient is fuppofed to be in extremity: certain it is, he did not long fur- 
vive this period } for, in September, a licence was granted to Donna Catalina 
pe Salazar, widow of Miguel De Cervantes Saavedra^ to print the Troubles 6f 
Periiles and Sigifmunda, a northern hiftory ; which was accordingly publiOied 
at Madrid, and afterwards tranflated into Italian. 

Thus have I collected and related all the material circumftances mentioned by 
hiftory and tradition, concerning the life of Cervantes ; which I (hall conclude 
with the poitrait of his perfon, drawn by his own pen, in the preface to hitf 
novels. His vifage was (harp and aquiline, his hair of a chefnut colour, hig 
forehead fnu>oth and high, his nofe hookiflior hawki(h, his eyes briHcand chear- 
fult his mouth little, his beard originally of a golden hue, his upper-lip fur- 
.niflied with large muftachios, his complexion fair, his ftature of the middling 
fixe I and he teUs us, moreover, that he was thick in the (houlders, and not very 
light of foot.- 

. In a word, Cervantes, whether coniidered as a writer or a man, will be found 
-worthy of univerfal approbation and efteem $ as we cannot help applauding that 
fortitude and courage, which no difficulty could difturb, and no danger difmay i 
while we admire that delightful ftream of humour and invention, which flowed 
^ plenteout and fo pure, Airmouating all the mounds of malice and adverfi^r. 





THE tranflator's aim, in this undertaking, was to maintain 
that ludicrous folemnity and felf-importance by which the 
inimkable Cervantes has diftingiii(hed the character of Don 
Quixote, without raifing him to the infipid rank of a dry philofo- 
pher, or debafing him to the melancholy circumftances and unen- 
tertaining caprice of an ordinary madman; and to preferve the 
native humourof Sancho Panza from degenerating into mere pro- 
verbial phlegm, or aiFecSled buffoonery. 

He has endeavoured to retain the fpirit and ideas, without fer- 
vilely adhering to the literal expreiEon of the original 5 from which, 
however, he has not fo far deviated, as to deftroy that formality of 
idiom, fo peculiar to the Spaniards, and fo eflential to the cha- 
rafter of the work. 

The fatire and propriety of many allufions, which had been loft 
in the change of cuftom and lapfe of time, are reftored in expla- 
natory notes; and the whole is conduced with that care and cir- 
cumfpecSlion, which ought to be exerted by every author, who, in 
attempting to improve upon a tafk already performed, fubje£is 
himfelf to the moft invidious comparifon. 

-^ 1j^•^ -^-^t^h-^-^Mll -^'^ !JI "^ iJh'iih-^M^-^^'lJKJJh-^-'^-^-^H^-^H^^ 




IDLE reader, without an oath thoo- tnaycft believe, that I wifli thii 
book, s^s the child of my underftanxiing, were the tnaft beautifal, 
i^rightly, and difcreet produflion that ever was conceived. But it 
was not in my power to contravene the order of nature ^ in confe-* 
quence of which, every creature procreates it's own refettiblance. 
What, therefore, could be enjnendei'cd in my barren, ill.cultivate4 
genius, but a diy^ nneagre ofi^pring, wayward, capricious, and full 
of whi|ni}cal notions peculiar to my own imagination, as if produced 
in a priibn, which is the feat of inconvenience, and the habitation' 
of every difmal found*. Quiet folitude, pleafant fields, ferene wea- 
ther, purling ilreapis, and tranquillity of mind, contribute fo mucli 
to the fecundity even of the moft barren genius, that it will bring 
forth productions fo fair as to awaken the admiration and delight of 

A man whp is fo unfortunate as to have an ugly child, deiHtute of 
every grace and favourable endowment, may be fo hood-winked by 
paternal tendemefs, that he cannot perceive his defeats ; but, on thb 
contrary, looks upon every blemiih as a beauty, and recounts to hi^ 
friends every inRance^ of his folly as a fample of his wit : but I, who, 
though feemingly the parent, am no other than the ftep-father of Don 
Quixote, will not fail with theftream of cuftom; nor, like fome others, 
fupplicate thee, gentle reader, with the tears in my eyes, to pardon oi: 
conceal the faults which thou mayeft fpy in this produflion. Thon 
#rt neither it's father nor kin/man ; haft thy own foul in thy own body, 
|ind a will as free as the fineft ; thou art in thy own houfe, of which ( 
hold thee as abfolute mailer as the king of his revenue; and thou 
fcnoweft the common faying, * Under my cloak the king is a joke*' 
Theie confiderations free and exempt thee from all manner of rer 
ftraint and oblip^ation ; fo that thou mayeft fully and frankly declare 
thy opinion of this hiftory, without fear of caltfmny for thy cenfure, and 
without hope of recompense for thy approbation. 

I wifhed only to prefent thee with the performance, clean, neat, and 
naked, without the ornament of a preface, and unincunftbeted with an 
innumerable catalogue of fuch fonnets, epigrams, and commendatory 
yerfes, as- are generally prefixed to the productions of the prefent agej| 
for I can aflure thee, that although the compofition of the boo(c hath 
colt me fome trouble, I have found more diiBculty in writing this pre- 
face, which is now under thy infpedion : divers and fundry times did I 
leize the pen, and as often laid it aiide, for want of knowing what to 
fay ; and during this uneafy ftate of fufpenfe, while I was one day ru- 
minating on the fubjeCt, with the paper before me, the quill behind my. 
ear, my elbow fixed on the table, and my cheek leaning on jny hand ; i; 

* This ts a ftrong prdumption that the Srft wt of |)o9 C^ixote wa9 afty^ly 
iriittwi in a gaply - t * t 



friend o£ Tn\tit> ^\vo V^fleffcs a great fund of humour and an excellent 
iLi)dcrftanditv^, (addet^'^'y entered ftie apartment, and finding, me- in 
tliis mVifing po^Mte, ^Ikcd the caufe of my being fo contemplative. 
As 1 had no occafion to conceal the nature of my perplexity, I told him 
I was ftudying a Preface for the Hiftory of Don Quixote ; a talk which I 
found fo diEculty that I was refolyed to deiiil, and even fupprefs the ad* 
▼enturei of foch a noble cavalier :.for you may eafily fuppofe j^ow much I 
jnuftbe confounded at the animadverfions of that ancient law-giver the 
vulgar, when it fhall fee me, after fo many years that I haveHept in iilenee 
and oblivion, produce, in my old age, a performance as dry as a rufh, 
barren of invention, meagre in ftile, beggarly in conceit, and utterly 
^ilitute of wit and erudition ; without quotations in the nia^gin, or an- 
notations at the end, as we fee iiv other books, let them be never fb 
fabulous and profane; indeed, they are generally Co fluffed with apa- 
thegms from Ariftptle, Plato, and the whole body of phllofophers, 
that they excite the admiration of the j-eaders, who look upon {u<;h 
authors as men of unbounded knowledge, eloquence, and eruditio^e 
When they bring a citation from the Holy Scripture, one would <;ake 
them for fo many Saint Thomas's, and other dodprs of the church} 
jkerein obferving fuch ingenious decorum, that ia one line they will 
jcprcfent a frantick lover, and in the very next b^gin w^th a godly 
fermon, from which the Chriilian readers, and even the hearers, re* 
ceive much comfort and edification. • Now, my book TOufl: appear 
.without all thefe advantages j for 1 can neither quote in the margin, 
nor note in the end : nor do I know what authors I have imitated, that 
I may, like the jeil of my bre|hren, prefix them to the work in alphsr 
letical order, beginning wich - Ariitotlc, and ending in Xepophon, 
^oilus, or Zeuxis, though one wi^s a backbiter, and the other a painter. 
My hiftory muft likewife be pul^Jillied without poems at the beginning, 
gt leaft without fo.nncts written by dukes^ marquiffes, counts, bifliops, 
ladies, and celebrated poets: although,, ihould I. make the demand, I 
knew two or three ;gpod-natured friends, who would oblige n^e with 
fach verfes as ihould not be equalled by the moil fan^ous poetry in 
Spain, i ' : 

< * In a word, my good,frIepd,* faidj, * Signior Don Quixote Ihall 

* be buried in the archives of La Maticha, until Heaven fhall provide 

* fome perfon to adorn him with thofe decorations he feems to want; 

* for I find myfelf altogether unequal to. the tafk, through infufiiciency 

* and want of learning ; and becaufe 1 am naturally too baihful and 

* indplent to go in queil of authors to fay wh^t I myfelf can fay as 

* well without their affiHance. Hence arofe my thoughtfulnefs find 

* meditation, which you will not wonder at;, now that you have heard 

* the caufe.' My friend having liftened attentively to my remonllrance, 
fiapped his forehead with the palm of his hand; and, burliing into ^ 
loud. laugh, * 'ForeGpd! broiher,' faid he, * lam now undeceived 

* of an error, in which I have lived during the whole term of our ac- 

* quaintance ; for J always looked vjpon you as a perfon of prudence 

* .and difcreiion; but now, I fee, you areas far from that charader a$b 

* heaven is diHant from the earth, What ', is it pofiible that fuch a trilling 
f incppveijience, fo. eafily remedied, fhpuld haye. power to mortify anct 
' perplex a genius like yours, brought to fuch maturity, and fo well 
f .calculate4 to demolifh apd furpiount n>uch • greater dTifiiculties? in 

* good faith this ioe$ not proceed f^o^i want ot ability j^ bqt frpm ex-» 

< ceffivQ 

P R fe r A C «. xti 

* ceffivc indolence, that impedes thecxcrcifc of t^yOtt. Jfyon would 

* be convinced of the truth of what I alledge, give tn^ f/,^ hearings 
« and, in the twinkling of an eye, all your diincuJties /hall vanifh, 
« and a remedy be prefcribed for all thofe dQh&.s^ which, you fay, 

* perplex your underftanding, and deter you from ufhering to the light 

* your hiftory of the renowned Don Quixote, the luminary and foltf 

* mirror of knight-errantry.* Hearing this declaration, I deiiredhe' 
would tell me in what manner he propofed to fill up tke vacuity of my 
apprehenfion, to diffufe light, and reduce to order the chaos of my 
confufion; and he replied, * Your firil objeftion, namely, the want of 

* fonnets, epigrams, and commendatory verfes from perfons of.rank 

* and gravity, may be obviated, by your taking the trouble to com-» 

* poie them yourfelf, and then you may chriften them by any name 
« you (hall think proper to chufe, fathering them upon Preftor John of 

* the Indies, or the Emperor of Trebifond; who, I am well informed^ 

* were very famous poets: and even ihould this intelligence be untrue, 

* and a few pedants and batchelors of arts fhould backbite and grumble 
' at your conduct, you need not value them three farthings; for^ al- 

* though they convid you of a lye, they cannot cut off the hand that 

* wrote it*. 

* With regard to the pradlice of quoting in the margin, fuch bookt 

* and authors as have furnifhed you with fentences and fayings for the 

* embelliihment of your hillory, you have nothing to do, but tp feafba 

* the work with fome Latin maxims, which your own piemory will 

* fuggeil« or a little induilry in fearching eafily obtain : for example, 

* in treating of freedom and captivity, you may fay, Non bene pro uu 

* iibertas 'venditur auro \ and quote Horace, or whom you pleafe, in 
^' the margin. If the power of death happens to be your fubjedl, yoit 

* have at hand. Pallida mors aquo pul/at pede pauperum tabernas regum- 

* que turns. And expatiating upon that love and friendfhip which 

* God commands us to entertain even for our enemies, you may have 

* reconrfe to the Holy Scripture, though you fhould have neve^fo little 
< curioiity, and fay, in the very words of God himfelf. Ego autem 

* dico vobis, diligite inimicos 'oeftros. In explaining the nature of ma- 
' levolence, you may again extract from the Gbfpel, De corde exeunt 

* cogitationes malit. And the inftability of friends may be aptly il- 

* luftrated by this diftich of Cato, Donee erisfelix, multos numerabit 

* amicos; tempsraJsfuerintuubUa^/oluseris. By thefe, and other fuch 

* fcT&ps of Latin, you may pafs for an able grammarian ; a character 
' of no'fmall honour and advantage in thefe days. And as to the an- 

* notations at the end of the book, you may fafely furnifh them iii 

* this manner ; when you chance to write about giants* be fure to 

* mention Goliah;, and. this name alone, which cofls you nothing, will 
' afford a grand annotation, couched in thefe words, '' The giant 
'* Golias, or, Goliat, was a Philiiline, whom the fhepherd David flev^ 
*' with a flooc from a fling, in the valley of Terebinthus, as it is writ- 
** ten in fuch a chapter of the book of Kings." 

* If you have a mind to difplay your erudition and knowledge of 

* cofmogmphy^ take an opportunity to introduce the river Tagus into 

* your hiftory^ and this will fupply you with another famous annota- 
*. ticn* thus.e^E^reffed. ^* The river Tagus, fo called from a king of 


* Allttdiog to the lofs.of his hand in the battle of Lepaato. ^ 

** Spaia, 



Si>»i«), tajccs it^s nf^ in f^ a pl^^Je, ami is loft In Ae fe«» a^te# 
having fcifftd tbiBiWaiis of the t*nu>B«ci^^ of Lifton; a«iAis;,faid 
to haye golckn fa»<i«, SiC%'* If y«u.treat of robfeer*, I will relate 
the ftory of C;acu3, whifiU I have by rot** If of hatlots, th« 
B'tihop of Mon<ip!&eda wiU le^d you a Lamia, a hfufis aad a. Fiord j 
and fuch a note will greatly r^ound to your credit. WheBvyou 
wiitie of cru^lty^ Ovid will farrend^r hb KAedea. When» yoa men-^ 
tion wizzai^d»<«Ad inchaatera, you will find a Calypfo- in HoniAr^ 
^d a Circe in Virgil. If you have occaiion to fpeak of vaiiaAC 
cap(aiil9'« Juliiis Caeiuf ftands r^^dy drawn in his own Coffim^nta-^ 
rifis ; aod from; Plutarch' you may ext^a& a thoufand Al^xaodersi 
If your- theme be love» and you h^ve but two ounces of the. Tufcan 
tongi»e!» yoii will light u|>oii Leon Hebreo^ who- will fill tip thojnMa* 
fu}^ of yourdefire: and if you do not chufe'to tr<a.vel into foreign 
couD-tries, you have at home Fonfeca's Treatifeon theLov^ ofl^Godi 
in which all that you» or the moH ingenious critick can defirr«.. is 
fully decyph^red 49d difcuiTed}. In a word^ there- is nothing more 
to be dpne> th^n to procure a number of thgte. naams, andihinb^kt 
their particular ilodes in your t«xt ; aud to leave me the talk -of naak-> 
ing annotations and quotations, with which I will engage^ on pain 
of deaths tofiUupfall tfa& margins, befides four whole fheets. at the 
end of the book* Let us now proceed to the citation, of authors^ 
fo frequf^nt in other books, and fo litde ufed in your perfbnmuice : 
the remedy is obvious, and es^fy t take the trouble to find.a.booktthae 
quotes the whole tTil>e*alpliabeticaiJy» as you.obfenved, frQm::Aipha 
to.Omeg^,. and tran«&r. them into your book; aQdithQught^oabtar^ 
dity ihould appear never fo glaring, a^ there i& no neceffity ibr^uiiDg 
fuch names, it will figmfy nothingw Knyi perhaps^.fonQ reader 
will be weak enoiigh^ to believe you have .aifLually availed: youiiblf 
of all. thofeauthors,. in the fimple and fincerefaiftoryyom hams com-* 
pofed) and> if fuch a brge catalogue of writers fhould anfwerno 
other p3irppfe> it may fprve at iir/l. fight to give foiiie aBthority to 
the prod u£Uon:. nor will, any perfon take the trouble- to- examine^ 
whether- you have or, not folio wedi tho& originals » bes(»u]&he 
can re^ no.benefit from. his labour^. But, if I am not: miftaken, 
your book n^eds npne-of thoie embelliihmeat$ in which, ydn- f^. it 
is defe^ive ; for it. is one con^tinued fa tire « upoa bcoks -of chivalry ; 
a fubj&d. whlcih Ari(totlQ -never inveiUgated, SU Bfliiil'« 
tioned> and Cicero never explained* The-pucdkiality of trmthi^nd 
the obfervations of aKb-Qlpgy, fall not within the faboloBs^ relation 
of our adventures; to the deiiErription of which, neither the'propOT'- 
tions of geometry, npr- the confirmation of rhetorkai argum^nts^ 
are of the le^^^importance : nor-hath it any connQ^on-with preach-^ 
ing, or mingling divine truths with human im agin anion;- a mixture 
which np Chriftian's fancy ihould conceive^ It- onlyfeoks* to avail 
itfelf of imitation; at)d the* more porfedthis is, the ntone enter- 
taining the bouk will be: now, as your, fole aim.* in writing, is 
to invalidate; the-^thority^ and ridicaie the abfnrdityv ofthoAs 
books of chivalry, whiohr have, as it were, fafcinated' the* eyed 
and judgi^iit of the worlds and in. partknlar of tho vulgafi you 
have no occaiion. to go a begging masims from philq^phers^ ^chor-* 
tations from Holy Writ, fables from poets, fpeeches from orators, 
or miracles 4f09i; faints. ;. your im&nefs id^.withplaip^.fignifitant, well- 

* cho&n^ 


* diofen^ and ele^nt words, to render your periods fonorous, and your 

* ftile entertaining.; to give Spirit and expre£ion to all your de/crip* 
' tionSy and communicate your ideas without obfcurity and confufion* 
' Yon muft endeavour to write in fuch a manner as to convert melan- 

* choly into mirth, increafe good- humour, entertain the ignorant* 
^. excite the admiration of the learned, efcape the contempt of gravity, 
' and attradi: applaufe from perfons of ingenuity and tafte. Finally, 
^^ let your aim be levelled againft that ill-founded bulwark of idle books 

* of^chivalry, abhorred by many, but applauded by more, which if you 
' can batter down, you will have atchieved no inconfiderable exploit.' 

I lifbened to my friend's advice in profound iilence, and his remarks 
made fuch imprefiion upon my mind, that I admitted them without he- 
fitation or difpute, and refolved that they fhould appear inftead of a 
Preface. Thou wilt, therefore, gentle reader, perceive - his difcre- 
tion, and my good luck in finding fuch a couniellor in fuch an emer- 
gency ; nor wilt thou be forry to receive, thus genuine and undifguifed, 
the Hiftory of the renowned Don Quixote de La Mancha, who, in the 
opinion of all the people that live in the diflridt of Montiel, was the 
mod virtuotis and valiant knight who had appeared for many years in 
that neighbourhood. I Ihall not pretend to enhance the merit of hav- 
ing introduced thee to fuch a famous and honourable cavalier;' but I 
exped thanks for having made thee acquainted with Sancho Panza, in 
ivhomi think are united all the fquirifh graces which we find fcattered 
through the whole tribe of vain books written on the fubjeft of chi- 
valry. So, praying that God will give thee health, without forgetting 
iUch an humble creature as me, I bid thee heartily fareweh 


£- - -J. - - _ , _ 




or TUB flAGk AN& TAtlANT 







a certain comer of La 

. Mancha, the name of 

T) I (T which I do not chufe to 

f jj reroembery there lately 

\^y^%^^ lived one of thofe country 

gentlemen^whoadorn their 

balls with a rufty lance and worm-eaten* 

target, an4 ride forth on the Skeleton of 
a horfe, to courlet^ith albrtof a ftarred 

Three- fourths of his income were 
fcarce fufficient to afford a di(h of hodge* 
podgey in which the mutton bore no ^ 
propordon to the beef*^ for dinner} • 
plate of falmagundy) commonly at fap* 
perf; gripes and grumblings on Satur* 
days X, lentils on Friday s, and the ad* 
dition of a pigeon or fome fuch thing oa 
the Lord*s day. The remaining part of 
his revenue was confumed in the pur* 


* Mutton in Spain is counted greatly preferable to beefl 

't* Salftnitf M^iich is the word in the original^ is no other than cold beef fllcedi and 
eaten n^ith oil, vinegar, and pepper* 

{ Gripes and grumblings, in Spaniel iueloi^y quthrantos ; the true meanidg of which 
the ibrmer tranflators have been at great pains to iaveftrgate, as the importance of the 
fubjeft (no doubt) required. But their labours have, unhappily, ^nded in not^iing elfe 
but conjectures, which for the entertainment and inftrudion of our readers, we beg leave 
to repeat. One interprets the phrafe into coUdbs and eggs, < Being,* faith he, < a very 

* forry diih.* In this decifion, however, he is contradicted by another Gommentator« 
who affirms, < It is a mefs too good to mortify withal :* neither can this virtupfo agree 
with a late editor, who tranfiates the paflagein queftion into an amlet ; btft takes occafioa 
to fall out witb fioyer for his defcription of that difh, which he moft fagaciouily underftande 
to be a ' bacon froize,* or * rather fryce, from it's being fried, from frit in French )* 
and concludes with this judicious query, ' After all thefe learned difqutfitiooSy ^^o knows 

* but the author means a difli of nichtis V If this was his meanbg, indeedy furely we 
may venture to conclude^ that faftisg was very expenfive ia La Mancha \ for the atitbor 

D % meationa 



chafe of a (uie t>lack fuity with vtUtt theie amorous compLunts* and d^gh^ 

bi€eches, and flippers of the famC) for challenges, that fo often occur in hit 

holidays} and a coat of hofne-fpun, works! 

w^ch he wore in honour of his coun- * Thereafonof theunreafonableufagfe 

try, during the veft of the week. * my reafon has met with, fo unreafons 

He maintained a female houfe- keeper < my reaibn, that I have reafon to com- 

turned of forty, a niece of about half < plain of your beauty!* And how did^ 

that age, and a trufty young fellow, fit he«njoy the following flower of compo- 

for field and market, who could turn fition f ' The high heaven of your divU 

his hand to any thing, either to laddie < nity, which with ftars divinely forti- 

the horfe or handle the hough*. ' fiss your beauty, and renders you me- 

Our fquire, who bordered upon fifty, * ritorious of that merit, which by your 

was of a tou^haconi^tution, extremely • highnefsis merited.* 

meagre, and bard featured, an early ri- The poor gentleman loft his fenles in 

ier, and in point of extrcife, another poring over, and attempting to difcovef 

^^rodf , He is faid to have gone by the meaning of thefe and other fuclt 

the name of Quixada, orQ^efada, (for chapfodies,whichAriftotlehimfelf would 

in this particular, the authors who men- not be able to unravel, were he to rife 

tion that circumllance, difagree) though, from the dead for that purpofeonly. He 

from the moft probable conjit;6lui'es, we could not comprehend the probability ot 

may conclude, that he was called by the thofe direful wounds, given and receiv- 

fignificant name of Quixada^; but this is ed by Don Bellianis, whofe face and 

of fmall importance to the hiilory, in the wholexarcafe muft have remained quite 

courfe of which it will be fuficient if we covejsed with marks and fears, even al« 

fwerve not a tittle from the truth. lowing him to have been cured by the 

Be it known, therefore, that this faid moft expert furgeons of the age in which 

honeft gentleman, at his leifure hours, he livedo 

which engrofTed the greateft part of the He, notwithfbmding, beftowed great 

year, addi^ed himfelf to the readmg of commendations on the author, who con- 

Dooks of chivalpy, which he perufed with eludes his book with the promife of E» 

fuch rapture and application, that he not nifliing that interminable adventure ; and 

only forgot the pleafures of the chace, was more than once inclined to feiae the 

but alfo utterly negle6led the manage- <|uiU, with a view of performing what 

snent of his eftate: nay, to fuch a pafs was left undone j nay, he would bare 

did his curioiity and madnefs in this actually accomplifhed the affair, and 

particular drive him, that he fold many pubhflied it accordingly^ had not re* 

good acres of Terra Firraa, to purchaie flections of greater moment employed hii 

books of knight-errantry, with which imagination, and diverted him from the 

lie fumifhed bis library to the utmoft of execution of that defign. 

bis power; but none of them pleafed Divers and obftinate were the difputes 

bim (b much, as thofe that were written he maintained againft the parfon of the 

by the famous Felicia;io. De Silva,wh9m parifh, (a man of fome learning, whor 

be admired as the pearl of all authors, had taken his degrees at Siguenza||,)-oQ 

for the brilliancy of his profe, and the that puzzling queftion, whether Pal*- 

beautiful perpkxity of his expreflion. merin of England, or Amadis De Gaul« 

How was ne ti'anrported> when, he read was the moft illuftrious knight-errant s 

mentions the duihs y fuehrofttos among thofe articles that confumed three-fourths of the 
knight's income. 

Having confidered this momejitous affair vfith all the deliberation it deferres, we in 
our turn prefent the reader with cucumbers, greens, or peafe-porridge, as the fruit of our 
induftrious refearches $ being thereunto Aeterxnioed by the literal fignification of the text^ 
which is not ' grumblings and groaniogs,* as the lafl- mentioned ingenious annotatot 
feeoK to think, but rather,pains and breakings ; and evidently points at fuch eatables as 
generate and exp^'whtd} ^aalitiea (as every body knows) eminently iohercot in thofe 
vegetables we have mentsoned as our hero's Saturday's repaft* 

* Fodadtraf lieeraliy fignifies a pruning-hook* 

"t* In the origiaait a lover of hunting. 

J ^ixadas, figaifies jaws, of which our knight had an extraordinary provifion* 

II Si^uenaa, a towa iitaated on the baniu of i^e Henarss^ i^ New Caftiiej m which 
ibere is a fmall unive«iity* 

DON (Quixote; «7 

%at maft^r Nicholati who zSitd at bar- niece into the bargain. In fhort, hts 
ber to the village, afiirmedy that none underftanding being quite perverted, hm 
of them equalled the knight of the fun, was feized with the ftrangeit whim that 
or indeed could be compared to him in ever entered the brain of a madman % 
any degree, except Don Galaor, bro* this was no other than a full perfuadon^ 
ther of Amadis Pe Gaul ; for bis dif- that it was highly expedient and ne« 
poikion was adapted to all emergencies ; cefTary, not only for his own honour, 
he was neither fuch a precife, nor fuch but alio for the good of the publick, 
a puling coxcomb, as his-brother ; and that he Aiould profefs knight-errantry, 
in point of valour, his equal at leaft. and ride through the world in arms, ta 
So eager and entangled was our hi- feek adventures, and conform in alt 
dalgo *, in this kind of hiftory, that he points to the praAice of thofe itinerant 
would often read from morning to heroes whofe exploits he had read j re- 
night, and from night to morning again, drefiing all manner of grievances, and 
without interruption ; till at laft the courting all occafions or expofmg him« 
rooifture of his brain being quite ex- felf to fuch dangers, as in the event 
haufted with indefatigable watching and would intitle him to everlafting renown^ 
jftudy, he fairly loft his wits ; all that This poor lunatick looked upon him- 
he had read of quarrels, inchantments, felf already as good as feated, by ht« 
battles, challenges, wounds^ tortures, own lingle valour, on the throne of 
amorous complaints, and other impro- Trebiibnd $ and, intoxicated with the& 
bable conceits, took full poiibdion of agreeable vapours of his unaccountable 
his fancy j and he believed all thofe ro- folly, refolved to put his defign in prac* 
noantick exploits fo implicitly, that, in tice forthwith. 

his opinion, the Holy Scripture was not In the firft place he cleaned an old 

more true. He obferved that Cid Ruy- fuit of armour, which had belonged ta 

dias was an excellent knight j but not fome of his anceftors, and which he 

equal to the lord of the flaming-fword, found in his garret, where it had laia 

who with one back-ftroke had cut' two for feveral ages, quite covered over with 

£erce and monftrous giants through the mouldineis and ruft; but having fcower- , 

middle. He had ftill a better opinion ed and put it to rights, as well as hft 

of Bernardo Del Carpio; who, at the could, he perceived, that inftead of al 

battle of Roncevalles, put the inchant- compleat helmet, there was only a 

ed Orlando to death f , by the fame iimpie head-piece without a beaver. 

means that Hercules ufed, when he This unlucky defe6k, however, his in* 

ftrangled the earth-born Anteus. Nei- duftry fupplted by a vizor, which he 

ther was he iilent in the praife of Mor- made of pafte-board, and fixed fo ar- 

gante; who, though of that gigantick tilicially to the morrion, that it looked 

race which is noted for infolence and like an entire helmet. True it is, that 

incivility, was prfe£lly affables and in order to try if it was ftrong enough 

well-bred. But his chief favourite was to riik his jaws in, he uniheathed bii 

Reynaldo of Montalban, whom he fword, and beftowed upon it two hearty 

hugely admired for his prowefs, in fal* ftrokes, the firft of which, in a twink« 

lying from his caftle to rob travellers ; ling, undid his whole week's labour, 

and above all things, for his dexterity He did not at all approve of the facili- 

in ftealing that idol of the impoftor Ma- ty with which he hewed it in pieces j and 

hornet, which, according to the hiftory, therefore, to fecure himfelf from any 

was of folid gold* For an opportunity fuch danger for the future, went to work 

of pummelling the traitor Galalon %, he anew. He faced it with a plate of iron^ 

would willingly have given his houfe- in fuch a manner, as that he remained 

J^eeper, body and foul; nay, and his fdtisiied of if s ftrength, without putting 

* Hidalgo has much the fame application in Spain, as fquire in Ei^land ; though it 
literally figniiies the fon of fomething, in contradlftindtion to thofe who are the foas of 

+ Orlando, the fuppofed nephew of Charlemagne, and poetical hero of Boiardo and 

Anofto, is faid to have been invulnerable in all parts of his body, except the foles of 
his feet, which he therefore took care to fecure with double plates of armour. 

} Galalon is faid (ohave betrayed Charlemagne's army at RoA^cyaUes, where'itwas 
roughly hajklled by the Moors, in his reueac from Spain* 


it to a feeon^ triaT, and looked upoit it and at the lame tini» nfle^ed tn^M 

as a moil finiihed piece of armour. honour on bis fortunate country. 

He next vifited his horfe^ which Accordingiy^ his armour being fcovr^ 

(though he had more comers than a ered, his beaver iitted to his head-piete^ 

lial *, being as lean as Gonela's, that his fteed accommodated with a nama^ 

iantum peUu et i{ffa fuit) neverthelefs, and his own dignified* with tbefe addi* 

in his eye^ appeared infinitely preferable tions> he reflc^ed, - that nothing el(<$ 

fo Alexander's Bucephalus^ ortheCid's was wanting, but a lady to inlpirehini 

JBabieca. Four days he confumed in with love; for a knight- errant, with- 

inventing a nameror this remarkable out a miftrefs, would be like a tree 

fteed; fnggefting to htmfelf what an deftituteof leaves and fitiit, or a body 

impropriety it would be, if an horfe of without a foul* * If,* faid he, ' for my 

his qualities, belonging to (uch a re- < fms, or rather for my honour, I ftiould 

vowned knight, (hould go without fome * engage with ibme giant, an adven- 

Ibunding and fignificant apellation : he * ture common in knight-errantry, and 

therefore refolved to accommodate him < overthrow him in the field, by clear* 

with, one that fhould not only declare * ing him in twain, or in ihort, difarm 

hispafl, but alfo his prefent capacity; < andfubduc him; will it not be highly 

for he thought it but reafonable, that ' proper, that I fliould have a miftref^, 

fince his mafier had altered his condi- * to whom I may fend my conquered 

tiott, he fhould alfo change his horfe's ' foe ; who, coming into the prefenee 

name, and inveft him with fome fub- < of the charming fair, will fall upon 

Kme and fonorous epithet, fuitable to * his knees, and fay, in an humble 

the new order and employment he pro- *■ and fubmifHve tone ; << Incomparable 

fefied. Accordingly, after having cho» ** princefs, I am the giant Car^liam* 

&n, reje£led, amended, tortured, and *' bro, lord of the ifland Malindrania^ 

revolved a world of names in his ima- *^ who being vanquiihed in fingle com- 

gi nation, he fixed ujionRozinantef, an '* bat by the invincible knight I>oir 

appellation, in his opinion, lofty, (o* *< Quixote de La Mancha, am com* 

aorous, and expreflive, not only of his ** manded by him to prefent myfblf ht* 

former, but Ukewife of his prefent fitu- ** fore your beauty, that I may be dif- 

ation, which intitled him to the prefe^ *' pofedof, according to thepleafure of 

rence overall other horfes under the fun. << your highnefs/' How did the heart 

Having thus denominated his horfe, fo of our worthy knight dance with joy, 

much to his, own fatisfa6lion, he was when he uttered this addrefs ; and flill 

defirous^of doing himfelf the like juf- more, when he found a lady worthy 

tice; and after eight days lludy, ailu- of his affe6lion ! This, they fay, was 

ally alTumed the title of Don Quixote : an hale, buxom, country wench, called 

from whence, as hath been obferved, Aldonza Lorenzo, who lived in the 

the authors of this authentick hiftory neighbourhood, and with whom he had 

concluded, that his former name mult formerly been in love; though, by all 

have been Quixada, and not Quefada, accounts, fhe never knew, nor gave 

as others are pleafed to afHrm. But re- herfelf the leafl concern about the mat« 

colle^ing that the valiant Amadis, not ter. Her he looked upon as one iqua* 

fatisfied with that fimple appellation, lifted, in all refpefls, to be the queen 

added to it that of his country ; and of his inclinations ; and putting his in- 

in order to dignify the place of his vention again to the rack, for a name 

nativity, called himfelf Amadis De that fhould bear fome affinity with her 

Gaul. He refolved, like a worthy own, and at the fame time become a 

knight, to follow fuch an illuftrious ex- princefs or lady of quality, he determined 

ample, and affume the name of jDon to call her Dulcinea del Tobofo, fhe 

Qnixote de La Mancha ; which, m his being a native of that place; a name, 

opinion, fully exprefled his generation, in his opinion, mufical, romantick, and 

* This is a joke upon the knight^s fteed, which was fo meagre, that his bones iluck 

out like the corners of a Spanlfh rial, a coin of very Irregular fhape, not unlike the 
figure in geometry called a trapezium. 

•f- Rozinante, implies that which was formerly an ordinary horfe, though the ««/# 
feems to have been intended by the kaiglit as a badge of dlftin^oii, b^ which he was 
ranked before all -other horfes* 




mtjpttf&vtf like iStkt reft which he had 
appropriated to himfelf and his con- 

CHAP. 11. 


THESE preparadont being made, 
he could no longer reiiil the de- 
Src of executing his defi^ $ reile£^iQg 
with impatience on the injury his delay 
occafioned in the world, where there 
was abundance of grievances to be re- 
drefled, wrongs to be red^ifiedy errors 
to be amended} abuies to be reformed^ 
and doubts to be removed $ he there- 
fore, without communicating his inten« 
tion to any body^ or being (een by a 
living fi)ul, one morning before day, in 
the torching month of July, put on 
)u8 armour, mounted Rozmante, buck- 
led his iU-contrived helmet, braced his 
target, teized his lance, and through 
the back-door of his yard, fallied into 
the fields in a rapture of joy, occafioned 
by this eafy and fuccefsful beginning 
pf his admirable undertaking: but 
jcarce was he clear of the village, when 
he was affaulted by fuch a terrible ob- 

C'^'on, as had well-nigh induced our 
to abandon his enterprize diredlly { 
for he recolle£led that he nad never been 
Juniehted j and therefore, according to 
the laws of chivalry, he neither coi^ld 
nor ought to enter the lifts with any an* 
tagonift of that de^ee; nay, even grant* 
ing he had received that mark of dif- 
tin6tion, it was his duty to wear white 
armour, like a new knight, without any 
device on his fliield, until fuch time a$ 
bis valour ihould intitle him to that ho* 
nour •, 

Thefe cogitation? made him waver a 
little in his plan j but hismadnefs pre- 
vailing over every other confideration, 
fuggefted, that he might -be dubbed by 
the firft perfon he Ihould meet, after the 
example of many others who bad fallen 
lipoB the fan^e expedient ^ as he had read 

in thofe mlfclnevout books which had 
difordered bis imagination f • With re? 
{pe^ to the white armour, he propofed, 
with the firft opportunity, to fcower hit 
own, until it Ihould be faber than er- 
mine i and having fatisfied his confci- 
ence in this manner, he purfued his de^r 
iign, without following any other road 
than that which his horfe was pleafed t(9 
chufe ; being perfuaded, that in fo do<v 
ing, he manifefted the true fpirit of ad« 
venture. Thus proceeded our flaming 
adventuoer, while he uttered the follow* 
Ing foliioquyt 

* Dpubtlefs, in future ages, when 
' the true hiftory of my famed exploits 
< ihall come to light, the fage author, 
' when he recounts my firft and early 

* fally, will exprefs himfelf in thit 

* manner? •♦Scarce had ruddy Phcebu«, 
*' o*er this wide and fpacious earth, dif- 
•^ played the golden threads of his re- 
*< fulgent hairs and fcarce the little 
** painted warblers with their forkf 
" tongues, in foft, mellifluous bar- 
" mony, had hailed the approach of 
** rofy- winged Aurora, who ftealing 
" from her Jealous huflband^s couch, 
** through tne balconies and aerial 
<* gates of Mancha's bright horizon, 
** ftood confefled to wondering m6rtala$ 
^* whenlo! the illuftrious knight Don 
** Quixote de La Mancha, up- ipringing 
*' from the lazy down, beftrode famed 
'< Rozinante his unrivalled fteed ! anj 
'< through MonteiPs ancient, well- 
'* known field," which was really the 
cafe, " purfued his way." Then he 
added, « O fortunate age! O happy 

* tiroes ! in which fhalf be made pub- 

* lick my incomparable atchievements, 

* worthy to be engraved in brafs, on 
' marble fcuJptured, and in painting 

* fhewn, as great examples to futurity ! 

* And O ! thou fage in chanter, who- 

* foever thou may'ft be, doomed to re- 

* cord the wondrous ftory, forget no^ 

* I befeech thee my trufty Rozmante, 

* the firm companion of my variout 

* fatep Then making a fudden tran- 
iltion, he exclaimed, as if he had been 
aftgally in love, ' O Dulcinea ! fove- 

* reign princefs of this captive heart. 

* According to the ancient rules of chivalry, no maa was in titled to the .rank an4 
llegree of knighthood, until he had been in a^ual battle, and taken a prifonerwith hi^ 
own hand* 

■}* It was common for one knight to dub another. Francis I. King of France, wa^ 
knighted, at hlsbw^de^re^ b/ the ChevMlcc Ba^rd| who was iQoked ut>on as the 
#>wer of chivalryf 


DON <?inxoT£* 

* what dire affli^Uon haft thou made me 

* fuffer, thus banifhed from thy pre- 

* ience with reproach, and fettered by 

* thy rigorous command, not to appear 
' again before thy beauteous facet 
« Deign, princefsi to remember this thy 

* faithful flave, who now endm-es fuch 

* mifery for love of thee !* Thefe, and 
6ther fuch rhapfodies, he ftrung toge- 
tber; imitating, as much as in him lay, 
tile Itile of thole ridiculous hooks which 
lie had read; and jogging along, in 
Ipite of the fun, wnich beamed upon 
bim ib intenfely hot, that fureiy his ' 
brains, if any had remained, would 
bare been fried in his ikull : that wIiqIq 
day did he travel without encountering 
9my thing worth mentioning; a circum* 
fiance that grieved him forely, for he 
bad expefted to find fome object on 
which he could try the prowel^ of his 
valiant arm *•. 

Some authors fay, his firft adventure 
was that of the pafs of Lapice ; but 
4>thers aflfirm, tSiat the windmills had 
the maidenhead of his valour j all 
<bat I can aver of the matter, in coii- 
/e<iuence of what I found recorded in 
the annals of La Mancha, is, that hav- 
ing travelled the whole day, his horif^ 
and he, about twilight, found them- 
felves excefHvely wearied, and half dead 
with hunger ; and that looking around 
ibr fome caftle or flieep-cote, in which 
be might allay the cravings of nature^ 
by repoTe and lefrefhment } he decried, 
not far from the road, an inn, which 
be looked upon as the ilar that would 
guide him to the porch, if not the pa- 
lace, of his redemption : in this hope, 
be put fpurs to his horfe, and jull in 
the twilight reached the gate, where, at 
that time, there happened to be twcj 
ladies of the game | who, being oi^ 
tb^ir journey to Seville, with the car- 
eers, had chanced to take up thei|^ 
flight's lodging in this place. 

As our hero's imagination converted 
whatfoever he faw, heard, or confidered, 
into fomething of which he had read in 
books of chivalry; he no fooner per- 
ceived the inn, than his fancy repre- 
fented it as a^ (lately cadte, with it's 
four towers and pinnacles of (hiningfil- 
ver, accommodated with a draw-brtd||^i 

deep moat, and al! other oonvenieneef^ 
that are defcribed as belonging to build •'^ 
ings of that kind. ' 

When he was within a fmall diftance 
of this inn, which to him feemed a caftle, 
he drew brrdre, and ftopped Rozinante, 
in hope that fome dwarf would appear 
upon the battlements, 'and fignify hit 
arrival by^ found of trumpet t but as 
this ceremony was not performed* fo 
foon as he ^xpe^^ed, and nis fteed ex- 
prefled great eagentcfs to be in the (ta- 
ble ; he rode up tq the' gate, and obferv- 
ing the battered wenches before-men* 
tipned, miftook them' for fwa beautifiiT 
maidens, or agreeable ladies, enjoying 
the cool breeze at the caftle gate. At 
that in(lant, a fwine«herd, who, in 7i 
field hard by, was tendin? a drpve of 
hogs, (with leave be it fpoken) chanced 
to blow his horn, in order to coiIe6l 
his fcattered fubjefts i immediately the 
knrght*s expectation was fulfilled, and 
concluding that now the dwarf had giv- 
en the (igpial o( his approach, he rode 
towards the inn with infinite fatisfaClion • 
The ladies no fooner perceived fuch a 
fb*ange figure, armed with |ai)ce and 
target, than tHey w?re felzed with con- 
fternation, and ran affrighted to the gate; 
but Don Quixotp, gueffin|; their terror 
by their flight, lifted up his pa (h board 
vizor, and dijcovering his meagre Ian- 
thorn jaws befmeared with duft, ad^ 
dreffed them thus, with gentle voice and 
courteous demeanor, • Fjy me not, 1^- 

* dies, nor dread the leaft affront : for 

* it belongs not to the order of Icnight- 

* hood, which I profefs, to injure any 

* mortal, much lefs fuch high-born 

* damfels as your appearance declare^ 

* you to be.* 

The wenches, who flared at him with 
all their curiofity, in order to difcover 
his face, which the forry beaver con- 
cealed, hearing themfelyes ftUed high- 
born DAMSELS, an epithet fo foreiga 
to their profeifion, could contain them- 
fel ves no longer, but burft out into fuch 
a fit of laughrer, thnt Don Qmxo.te, be- 
ing offended, rebuked theiii in thefe 
words : * Nothing is more commend- 

* able in beautiful women than mo- 

* deify J and notliing more ridiculous 
^ than laughter proce^ing fron a fliglit 

• He might have imitated the young knight df fcrihed in Perce Foreft, who having 
hecn dubbed by King Alexander, rode into a wood, and attacked the trees with fucli. 
fury and addrcfs, that the kln^ and his whole court wcr© ccmyincci qf his prowcfs an4 



caufe : but this I mention not as a 

* reproach, by which I may incur your 

* indignation ; on the contrary, my in- 

* tention is only to do you f^rvice.' 
This addrel's, which was wholly un- 
intelligible to the ladies, together with 
the ludicrous appearance of him who 
pronounced it, increafed their mirth; 
which kindled the knight's anger, and 
he begiin to wax wroth } when luckily 
the landlord interpofed. This inn -keep- 
er, who, by reafon of his unwieldy bel- 
ly, was of a pacifick difpoHtion, no 

ote; who, dlfmountingwith mfinitepaiA 
and difficulty, occafioned by his hav- 
ing travelled all day long without any 
refrefhment, bade the landlord take fpe- 
clal care of his (teed ^ for, he obferved, 
a better piece of horfe-flefh had never 
broke bread. 

Thp innkeeper, though with all hi$ 
penetration he could not difcem any 
qualities in Rozinante fufHcient to juf- 
tify one half of what was faid in his 
praife, led him civilly into the ftable j 
and having done the honours of the 

fuooer beheld the prepofterous figure of place, returned to receive the commands 

our hero, equipped with fuch ill-fuited of his other guelt, whom he found in 

accoutrements as his bridle, lance, tar- the hands of the high-born damfelsf 

get, and corflet^compofed, than he was who having by this time reconciled 

fcized with an inclination to join the themfelves to him, were bufied in taking 

nymphs in their unfeafonable merriment) off his armour : they had already difin- 

but being juftly afraid of incendng the cumbered him of his back and breaft- 

owner of fuch unaccountable furniture, plates, but could fall upon no method 

He refoived to behave civilly, and ac- of difengaging his head and neck from 

cordingly accolted him in thefe words : h's ill-contrived helmet and gorget, 

* Sir knight, if your worflilp wants which were fall tied with green ribbons, 

* lodging, you may be accommodated the Gordian knots of which no human 
' in this inn with every thing in great hands could loofe ; and he would by 

* abundance, except a bed j for at pre- no means allow them to be cut} fo that 
' fent we have not one unengaged/ he remained all night armed from thq 
Don Quixote perceiving the humility of throat upwards, and afforded as odd and 
the governor of the caHle, for fuch he comical a fpe^acle as ever was feen f • 
fuppofed the landlord to be, anfwered. While thefe kind harridans, whom he 
' For me, Signior Caftellano, any thing fuppofed to be the conftable^s lady and 

* will fuffice ; my drefs is armour, bat- daughter, were employed in this hof- 

* ties my repofe, &c/ Mine hoft ima- pitahle office, he faid to them with a 
gtning that he called him Caftellano*,. fmilc cf inconceivable pleafure, * Never 

becaufe he looked like a hypocritical 
rogue; though, indeed, he was an An- 
daiufian, born on the coaft of St. Lu- 
car, as great a thief as Cacus, and more 
mifchievous than a collegian or a page, 
replied with a fneer, < ft that be the 

* cafe, I fuppofe your worflilp's couch 
' is no other than the flinty rock, and 

* your fleep perpetual waking ; fo that 

* you may alight with the comfortable 

* aflurance, that you will find, in this 

* manfion, continual opportunities of 

* defying fleep, not only for one .night, 

* but for a whole year, if you pleale to 

* try the experiment/ With thsfe words, 
he laid hold of the ilirrup of Don Quix- 

* was knie;ht fo honoured by the fer- 
vice of ladies as Don Quixote, when 
he firft ufliered himfelf into the world 5 
ladies minidered unto him, and prin- 
cefles took charge of his Rozinante. 
O Rozinante I (for that, fair ladies, 
is the name of my fteed, and Don 
Quixote de La Mancha the appella- 
tion of his mafter) not that I intend- 
ed to have difclofed myfelf until the 
deeds atchieved in your fervice (hould 
have made me known $ but, in order 
to accommodate my prefent fituation 
to that venerable romance of Sir Lan- 
celot, I am obliged to difcover my 
name a little prematurely j yet the time 


* Sana ie Caf^lla^ ^goifies si crafty knave. 

f This ciircuJiQila^k^e of ch? l^ies difa^mins. the knight, is exa^ly conformable to the 
pradice of chivalry j though his refufing to lay afide his helmet is no great argument of* 
his courtefy or attachmznt to the laws and cuftoms of his profeffion; for, among knights, 
it Hidc% looked up\>n as an indlfpenfible mark of r^fpeft, to appear without the helmet in 
churpb, and In prefence cf ladies, or refpedbable perfonateS) and, indeed, inthofeiron. 
times, this was confidered as a necefTary mark and proof of peaceable intention : hence 
we derive the caftom of uncovering the head in falatation* 

E « will 



* will cornc^ when your htghneiTes (hall 

* command, and I will obey, and the 

* valour of this arm teftify the dedre I 

* feel of being your flave.' 

The charmers, whom nature never 
defired to expofe to fuch extraordinary 
compliments, anfwered not a fyllable, 
but adced if he chofe to have anything 
for fupper. To which kind queftion 
Don Quixote replied, that from the in- 
formation of his bowels, he believed 
nothing eatable could come amifs. As 
it was unluckily a meagre day, the inn 
afforded no other fare than fome bun- 
dles of that fifh which is called abadexo 
in CalHIe, baccalao in Andalufia, cu- 
ridillo in- fome parts of Spain, and 
truchuela in others : fo that they in- 
quired if his worlhip could eat truchue- 
la j for there was no other fifh to be 
had. * A number of troutlings,' an- 
fwered the knight, < will pleaie me as 

* much as one trout ; for, in my opi- 
' nion, eight fmgle rials are equivalent 
•■ to one piece of eight $ beddes, thofe 

* troutlings may be as much preferable 

* to trouts, as veal is to beef, or lamb 

* to mutton*: be that as it will, let 
« the fiih be immediately produced 5 
** for the toil and burden of arms are 

* not to be borne without fjiiisfyingthe 

* crivings of the ftomach.' A table 
being therefore covered at the inn -door, 
tor the "benefit of the cool air, mine hoft 
brought out a cut of baccalao, wretch- 
edly watered, and villainoufly cooked, 
with a loaf as black and greafy as his 
gutfft's own armour : but bis manner 
of eating afforded infinite fubje6l for 
mirth ; tor, his head being inclofed in 
h1« helmet, and the .beaver lifted up, 
Ms own hands could be of no fervice in 
reaching the food to his mouth j and 
therefore, one 'of the ladieS undertook 
to perform that office : but they found 
itimpoflible to convey drink in the dime 
iD'annerj and our hero muft have made 
an uncomfortable meal, if the landlord 
had not bored a cane, and putting one 
end of it in his mouth, poured fome 
wine into the othe^j an operation he en- 
dfured with patience, rather tham fufFer the 
ribbands or his helmet to be deftroyed. 

While they were thus employed, a 
fow-gelder happened to arrive at the^ 

inn, and winding three or feur'blaftff' 
with his horn, confirmed Don Quixote . 
in his opinion, that he fat in fome ftate« 
ly caftle, entertained with mufick dur- 
ing his repaft, which, confifting of de- 
licate troutiihg and bread of the fincft 
flour, was fcrved up, not by a brace of 
harlots and a thievifti innkeeper, but 
by the fair hands of two beautiful la- 
dies, and the courteous governor of the 
place. This conceit juilified his un- 
dertaking, and rendered him very hap- 
py in the fuccefs of his firft falJy: but 
he was mortified when he recolle^ed 
that he was not as yet knighted 5 be- 
caufe he thought he could not lawfully , 
atchieve any adventure without having 
been firft invefted with that honourable . 

C H A P. III. 


HARASSED by this r^fleaion, 
he abridged his forry meal,' and, 
called for the landlord^. with whom 
having (hut himfelf up in the ftable, he 
fell upon his knees, and addreffed the 
fuppofed conftable in theTe words: 

* Never will I rife from this fuppliatit 

< poftur^, thrice valiant knight, until. 

< your courtefy (hall grant the boon I 

* mean to beg; a boon, that will not 

* only redound to your particular praife, 

* but alfo to the ineftimable benefit of 

* mankind in general f.' The inn- 
keeper hearing liich difcourfe proceed 
from the mouth of his gueft, who 
kneeled befdre him, was aftoniflied 5 
and gazed at our hero, without know- 
ing what to fay or do : at lertgth, how- 
ever, he intreated him to rife ; but this 
requeft was abfolutely refufed, until he 
affured him that his bbon fhould be 
granted. * Signior,' faid Don Qnix-. 
ote, * I could expeft no lefs from the 

courtefy of your magnificence ; I will 
now therefore tell you, that the boon 
which I have begged, and obtained 
from your •geocrofity, is, that you 
will, to-morrow morning, vouchfafe 
to confer upon me the honour of 

* In the original, or kid to he^goat. - • 

•|^ Thi;) requeft was a little premature, inafraucH as the praftice of chivalry did not 

authorise tHb fuppliant to alk a boon of his godfather, until he was dobbedj and then he 

had a right t& demand it* 
. - * * knight* 


' knighthood. This night will I watch turn for his hofpitallty. He^ moreorer, 

^ my arms in the chapo of your caftle ; informed him, that there was no chapel 

'*■ that the morning, as I faid, may ful- in the caftle at preient, where he could 

* fil my eager defire, and enable me, as watch his armour, it having been de- 
' I ought, to traverfe the four corners molifhed in order to be rebuilt } but 

* of the world, in fearch of adventures that, in cafe of neceflity, as he very 
' .for the relief of the diftrefled, accord- well knew, he might chufe any other 

* ing to the duty and office of chivalry, place j that the court-yard of the caftle 

* and of thofe knights-errant, in imi- would very well ferve the purpofei 

* tation of whom my genius is ftrongly where, when the knight flipuld have , 

* addi£ied to fuch atchievements.'* watched all night, he, the hoft, would 
. The landlord, who, as we have aU in the morning, with God^s peiTniifion^ 

ready Qbfervedy was a ibrt of a wag, perform all the other ceremonies requir- 
aQ4 had, from the beginning, fufpe^led ed, and create him not only a knight, 
that his lodger^s brain was none of the but fuch an one as (hould not have hi^ 
^^undeft, having heard him to an end, fellow in the whole univerfe. 
no longer entertained any doubts about He then aflced, if he carried any mo- 
the mattery and, in order to regale ney about with him: and the knight 
himfelf and the reft of hisguefts with a replied, that he had not a f«us$ for 
difli of mirth, refolved to humour him he had never read in the hiftory of 
in his extravagance. With this view, knights-errant, that they had ever trou- 
ble told him^ that nothing could be more bled themfelves with any fuch incum- 
juft and reafonable than his requeft, his brance. The innkeeper aflured him, 
conceptions being extremelywell-fuited, that he was very much mif^alcen j for 
and natural to fuch a peerlefs knight as that though no fuch circumftance was 
his commanding prelence and gallant to be found in tiiofe hiftories, the au* 
demeanour demonftrated him to be; that thors having thought it fuperfluous to. 
he himfelf had, in his youth, exercifed mention things that were fo plainly ne- 
)the honourable profelTion of errantry, ceflary as money and clean ihirts, it 
^rolling from place to place in queft of was not to be fuppofed that their heroes 
adventures, in the courfe of which he travelled without fupplies of both t he 
did not fail to viilt the fuburbs of Ma- might, therefore, take it for granted and 
Jaga, the ides of Riaran^ the booths of uncontrovertible, that ail thofe knights, 
Seville^ the market-place of Segovia, whofe actions are fo voluminoufly re- 
the olive-gardens of Valencia, the little corded, never rode without their purfet 
tower of Grenada, the bay of St. Lu- well lined in cafes of emergencyf ; not 
car, the fpout of Cordova *, the pub- forgetting to carry a ftock of linen, with 
lick houies .of Toledo, fmd many other - a fmall box of ^ntment to cure the 
places, in which he had exercifed the wounds they might receive in the courfe 
dexterity of his. hands as well as the of their adventures; for it was not to 
lightnefs of his heels, doing infinite mif- be imagined, that any other relief was 
chief; courting widows without num- to be had every time they ihould have 
ber, debauching damfels, ruining heirs, occafion to fight, and be wounded in 
and» in^ihort, making himfelf known fields and defertsj unlefs they were be- 
at the bar of every tribunal in Spain : friended by fome fage inchanter, who 
that, at length, he had retired to the wouldaffiftthemjbytranfportingthrough 
caftle, where he lived on his own means, the air, in a cloud, fome damfel,. or 
together with thofe of othbr people \ ac- dwarf, with a cordial of fuch virtue, 
commodating knights-errant of every that one drop of it would inftantiy cure 
quality and degree^ folely on account of them of their bruifes and wounds, and 
the ane^ion he bore to them, and to make them as found as if 'no fuch mif- 
the coin which they parted with in re- chance had happened : but the knights 

• . * 

• Literally, the colt of Cordova, becaufe the water gulhesout of a fountain rcfcmbling 
an horfe's mouth. Thefc arc places of rcfort frequented by thieves and (harpers. 

■f Here the landlord was more felfifh than obfervant of the cufton>s of chivalry ; for 
knights were aflually exempted from all cxpencc whatever; except when danaages were 
awarded againft them in a court of juftice ; and in that cafe they paid fox .their rank. 
This they looked upon as a mark of their pre-eminence ; in confequcnce of which, at 
the fiegc of Dun le Roy, in the year 1411, each knight was ordered to carry eight faf-« 
cines, while the fquire was quit for half the number. 

K * of 

34 ' * ^ON QUIXOTE. 

of former ages, who had no fuch aflift- lodged in the inn, took it in his bead 
ance to depend upon, laid it down as a fo water his rbn\ts ; and it being ne- 
conftant maxim, to order their fquhes ceflary for this purpofe to clear the cif- 
to provide themfelves with money and o- tern, he went to lift off Don Quixott'a 
tber nece(rartes,fuch as ointment and lint «rmQur j when a loud voice acco^ed him 
for immediate application : and, when in thefe words : ' O thou ! whofoever 
the knight happened to be without a < thou sfrt, bold and infolent knight \ 
fquire^ which was very leldom the cafe^ * who prefumeft to touch the armaorof 
he himfelf kept them in very fmall bags, * the moft valiant eiTant that ever girded 
that bung, fcarce perceptible, at his ' himfelf with cold iron, confider what 
liorfe'*s rump, as if it were a treafure of * thou art about to attempt, and touch 
yimch greater importance. Though, in- * it ftot, unlefs thou art defirous of 
deed, except'upon fuch an occafion, that ' yielding thy life as the price of thy 
of carrying bags was cot much for the < temerity,* 

honour of knight-errantry; for which . The carrier, far from regarding the/e 

reafon, he advifed Don Quixote, and threats, which, had he regarded his own 

now that he was on the brink of being carcaie, he would not have ddTpifed, laid 

his godfon, he might command him, hold on the facred depoiit, and thi^w it 

jjever thenceforward to travel without piece-meal into the yard with all his 

money, and tliofe other indifpenfible ne-> might. Don Quixote no fooner beheld 

ceiTaries, with which he (hould provide this profanation, than lifting up his eyet 

himfelf as foon as poilible ; and then to Heaven, and addreiling himfelf, in 

he would, when he leaft thought of it, all likelihood, to his Nlihrefy Dulcinea^ 

find his account in having made fuch he faid, ' Grant me thy affiftance, dear 

provifion. * lady of my heart I in this infult ofFer- 

The knight promifed to follow his * ed to thy lowly vaifal, and let me not 

advice with all deference and punftua- * be deprived of thy favourable protec- 

iitys and thereupon received orders to ' tion in this my firll perilous atchieve- 

vratch his armour in a large court on * ment.' Having uttered tfhis and Tome 

one fide of the inn ; where, having ga* other ejaculation, he quitted his target, 

thered the feveral pieces on a heap, he and raifing his lance with both hands, 

placed them in a ciiiern that belonged to bellowed it with fuch good will upoti 

the well ; then bracing -on his target, the carrier's head, that he fell pioftrate 

and grafplng his lance, he walked with on the ground, fo effe61ual)y mauled, 

courteous demeanour backward and for- that had the blow been repeated, there 

ward before the cifterh ; beginning this would have been no occafion to call a 

knightly exercife as foon as itwas dark*, furgeon. This exploit being perform* 

The roguifh landlord having informed ed, he replaced his armour, and retum- 

every lodger in his hpufe of our hero's ed to his walk, which he continued with 

frenzy, the watching of his armour, his former compofure. 

and his expectation of being dubbed a Itwas not long before another carrier^ 

knight; they were a{loni(hed at fuch a not knowing what had happened to his 

peculiar ftrain of madneis, and gotng companion, who (iill lay without fenfe 

out to obferve him at a diilance, beheld or motion, arrived, with the fame in- 

himwithfilentgefturefometimesftalking tention of watering his mules, and went 

along, fonnetimes leaning on his fpear, Uraight up to the cil^ern, in order to re- 

with his eyes fixed upon his armour, move the armour; when Don Quixdte, 

for aconfxderablefpaceoftime. Though without fpeaking a fyilable, or aiking 

it was now night, the moon (lione with leave of any living foul, once more quil- 

fuch fplendour^ as might even vie with ted his target, and lifting up his lance, 

the fource from which (he derived her made another experiment of it's hard- 

brightnefs ; fo that every motion of our nefs upon tjie pate of ihe fecond carrier, 

noviciate was diftin£lly perceived by all which failed in the application, giving 

prefent. At this inltant, a carrier, who way in four different places. Ac the 

* This cuftom of watching armour in church or chapel, was a religious duty impofcd 
upon knights, who ufed toconfume th« whole night in prayer to fome faint, whom they 
chofe as their patron j and this exel-cife of devotion was performed on the night pre- 
ceding the fald faint^s day. The iamt ceremony was obferved by thofc who were fen- 
tenced to the combat-proof. 



TdfOml u tbc Act dirccti .bf. HsriTon Jt ''°>I>T V.V 

. .* 

^. i 

l> ^ 

• ' « 

. > 

t i 
». ' 

• • I 

- . DON QUIXOTE. 3^ 

noife ' oi .this cncotsntcr, every bodjr immediately, before any other mifchief 

in the houfe^ innkeepd^'^and alJ, came fhould happen. Approaching him, 

running tb^ the field j at fight of whom therefore^ he dtfclaimc^d the infolenoe 

Dottpuixotej^fiiatching up his target, with which his gneft had been treated 

and drawing .hi^.fword, pronounced a- by thofe faucy plebeians, without his 

loud, *' O lady, of tranfcendent beaaty ! knowledge or cotifent ; and obfenred that 

• the force and vigour of my enfeebled they had been juftly chaftifed for thejr 
' heart ;^ow, if ever, is the time for impudence : that, as he had told hin& 
■ thee ta turn .Ay princely eyes on thitf before, there was no chapel in the caftle, 
' thy caitiff knight, who is on the eve nor indeed, for what was to be done, 

* of So mighty an adventure.* So fay- was it at all neceflary; nothing of the 
ing, he ii^med to have acquired fuch ceremony now remaining unperformed^ 
c6urs{ge,' that had he been aifaulted by except the cuff on the neck, and the 
all'the earners in the univerfe, he would thwack on the fiioulders, as they are 
not have.retreated'one fte{>. prefcribed in the ceremonial of the or* 

.The conipanions of the wounded, der; and thatythis part might be exe« 
ieeing how their ff iends had been hand- ' cuted in the middle of a field : he afiur- 
led, began at a diftance to difcharge a ed him alfo, that he had ^unf^ually 
fiiower of ftonea upon the knightj who, complied with every thing that regard- 
as well as lie dould, (heltered himfelf ed the watching of his armour, which 
under hisihield, not daring to leave the might have been finifhed in two hours, 

■dftem, left fome-mifchance fhould hap* thou^ he-had already remained double 

pen to his armour. The innkeeper call- the time on that duty. Don Quixote 

' ed aloud,, intreating thepfi to leave off; believing every fyllable that he Ipoke^ 
for, as he had told them before, the faid, he was ready to obey him m all 
man being ibad,^ would be acquitted on things, and befought him to conclude 
account of his lunacy, even Uiough he the matter as foon as poflible: for, in 
fliouiid put every foul of them'tb death, cafe he fiiould be attacked again, after 
At the fame ' time, Don^ Quixote, in a having been knighted, he would not leave 
voice louder 'ftill, upbraided them as a foul alive in the caftle, except thofe 
cowardly traitors,>.and called the con- , whom he ihould fpare at his rec^ueft. 
ibible of the caftle a worthlefs and bafe- The conftable, alarmed at this decla- 
born knightj for allowing hisgueftto ration, immediately brought out his day- 
be treated in fuch an inhofpitabie man- book, in which he kept an account, of • 
ner; fwearing, 'that if he had received . the barley and draw that was expended 
the honour of knighthood, he would for the ufe of the carriers, and attended 
make hrm repent his difcourteous be- by a boy with a candle's end in his hand, 
haviour. < But as for you,* faid he, together with the two ladies before-men« 
f ye vile, ill-mannered fcum, ye are be- tioned, came to the place where Don 

* neathmy notice. Difcharge, approach, Quixote ftood; then ordering him tp 

* come foPMrard, andannoymeasmuch kneel before him, mumbled in his ma-« 
( as you can, you (hall u>on fee what nual, as ifhe had been putting up fome 
< reward you will receive for your iiT- very devout petition § m the midft of 

* folent extravagance.* Thefe words, which he lifted up his hand, and gav» 
delivered in a bold ^^d refolute tone, him an hearty thump on the neck ; then, 
firuck terror into the hearts x>f the af- with the fiat of his own fword, beftowed 
fail ant s ; who, partly foV thi.s menace, an handfome application acrofs his (houl- 
and partly on account of the landlord's ders, muttering all the time between his. 
perfyafion, gaveover their attkck ; while teeth, as if he had been employed in 
he, on his tide, allowed the'wounded to fome fervent ejaculation*. This arti<« 
retfre, and returned to his watch, with ^cle .being fulfilled, he commanded one 
his Tofmer eafe and. tranquillity. of the ladies to gird on his fword, an 

Thefe pranks of the knight were not office fhe performed with great dexteii- 

at all to the liking of the landlord, who ty and difcretion, of which there was no 

refolved to abridge the ceremony, and fmall need to reftrain her laughter ateach. 

beftow this unlucky order of kn ighthood particular of this ftrange ceremony : but 

^ The (lap on the fhoulders, an<i the, box on the ear being beftowed, the godfather 
pronounced, * In the Aame of Godj St. Michael^ and St. George, I dub thee kuights 

* be worthy, bold, and loyaU* 

• the 



the efFeft^ they had already feen of the 
knight's difpoiitiony kept their mirth ef- 
fe6lu?illy under the rein. 

When, this good lady had girded on 
Jils fword, * Heaven pieferve your wor- 
* (hip! adventurous knight,' faid ihe, 
' and make you fortunate, in all your 
^encounters.' Don Quixote then beg- 
ged to know her nanie, that he might 
thenceforward underftand to. whom he 
was obliged for the favour he had re- 
ceived at her hands, and to whom he 
might afcribe fome part of the honour 
lie iliouid acquire by the valour of his 
invincible arm. She anfwered with great 
iumility, tjiat her name was Tobofa, 
daughter of an honeft. butcher in Tole- 
c(6, wh9 lived in one of the ftalls of 
Sancho Minaya : that (he fljould always 
be at his fervice, and acknowledge him 
for her lord and mafter. The knight 
profefled himfelf extremely obliged to 
ler for her lovej and begged fhe would, 
for the future, dignify her name by 
calling herfelf Donna Tobofa. This 
requeS {be promifed faithfully to com- 
ply with; and a dialogue of the fame 
kind pafied between him and the other 
lady who buckled on his fpur : when he 
afked her name, fhe told hiju it was 
Mollineraj and that her father was an 
honourable miller of Antequera. Pon 
Quixote entreated her alfo to enpoble her 
name with the fame title of Donna, load- 
-cd her w'tth thanks, and made a tender 
of his fervke. Thefe hitherto unfeen 
ceremonies being difpatched, as it were 
with poft-hafte, Don Quixote, impa- 
tient to fee himfelf on horleback, in queft 
qf adventures, faddled and mounted 
Kozinante forihwith, and embracing his 
hoft, uttered fuch a ftrange rhapfody of 
thanks forhis havmg dubbed him knight, 
that it is impoflible to reheaife the com- 
pliment. The landlord, in order to get 
rid of him the fooner, anfwered in terras 
no lefs eloquent, though fbmethinjy more 
Jaconick, and let him march off in a 
happy hour, without demanding one far- 
thing for hislodgipg. 



IT was early in the morning when 
Don Quij^ote fallied from the inn, fo 
well fatisficd, fo fprighrly, and fo glad 

to fee himfelf in veiled with the order of 
knighthood, that the very girths of hif 
horfe vibrated with joy : but, remem- 
bering his landlord's advice, with regard 
to the neceflaries he ought to carry. a- 
long with him, in particular, the money 
and clean fiiirts, he refolvedto return to 
his own houfe, and furnifh himfelf not 
only with.thefe, but alfo with a fquire. 
For this ofHce.he fixed, in his own miody 
upon a poor ploughman who lived in his 
neighbourhood, maintaining a family of 
children by his labour ; a perfon in all 
refpefls qualified for the lower fervices 
of chivaUy. With this view he ftcered 
his courfe homeward : and Rozinante^ 
as if he had .gueifed the knight's inten- 
tion, began to move with fuch ^alacrity 
and nimblenefs, that his hoofs icarce 
feemed to touch the ground. 

He had not travelled far, when fronj 
the thickefi part of a' wood that grew oq 
his right-hand, his ear was faluted with 
Ihrill repeated cries, which feemed tP 
i/Tue from ,the mouth of fon^e crcaturf 
in grievous diftrefs. No fooner did oqr 
hero hear this lamentation, than he e](- 
claimed, < Heaven be praifed far the fa- 

* vour with which it now indulges me, 

* in giving me aia opportunity fo fooij 
' of fulfilling the duties of n?y profcl'- 

* Con, and reaping the fruit of roy 

* laudable intention I Thefe cries doubt* 

* lefs proceed from fomemiferable malQ 

* or female, who Itands in need of my 

* immediate aid and protection.' Then 
turning Ro^inante, he rode tovvards thf 
place whence the complaint feemed to 
come; and having entered the wood a 
few paces, he found a mare tied to ons 
oak, and a lad about fifteen, naked from 
the waift upwards, made faft to ano- 
ther. This was he who fcreamed fo 
piteoufly, and indeed not without rea- 
lon ; for a tturdy peafant was employed 
in making applications to his carcafc 
wiih a leathern ftrap, accompanyingeach 
Uripe with a word of reproof and ad- 
vice. Above all things, laying upon 
him ftiong injunctions, to \iie his tongue 
lels, and his eyes moje : .the young fel- 
low replied, w'a\\ great fervency, * I 

* will never do fo again^ mafter, fo help 

< me God ! I won't do lb any morej hut 

< for the future take more care, and ufe 

* more difpatch.' 

Don QiMXote obferving what pafled, 
pronounced aloud with great indigna- 
tion : * Difcourteous knight, it ill be-* 

* comes thee to attack one who cannot 

-. * defend 



« defend himfelf: mount thy ftecd,. 

* couch thy lance,' (for there was ac- 
tually a lance leaning agalnft the tree to 
vhidi the mare was tied) * and I will 

* make thee fenfihle of the cowardice of 

* the aftion in which thou art now en- 

* gaged.' The peafant feeing this ftrange 
figure, buckled in armour, and bran- 
difhing a lance over his head, wat mor- 
tally afraid, and with great humility re- 
plied, * Sir knight, this lad whom I 

* am chaftifmg, is my own fervant, hired . 

* to keep a flock offlieep, which feed in 

* thefe fields 5 but he is fo negligent, that 

* every day I lofc oiie of the number, 

* and becaufe I punifh him for his care- 

* leffnefs, or knavery, he fays that I 

* fcourge him out of avarice, rather than 

* pay him his wages 5 though, upon ray 

* confcience, and as I (hall anfwer to 

* God, he tells a lye/ — * How! a lye, 

* before me, bafe caitif!' cried Don 
Quixote 5 * by the fun that enlightens 
•this globe, I have a good mind to thru ft 
< this lance through thy body 1 Pay the 

* young man his wages ftraight,without 

* reply; or, by the Power that rules us, 
*'l will finilh and annihilate thee in an 

* inftantl unbind him therefore without 

* hcfitation;' 

The countryman hung his head, and 
without fpeaking a fyllable, untied his 
man ; who, being afked by the kplght 
how much money was due to him, faid 
his mailer owed him for three quarters, 
at the rate of fix rials a month. His de- 
liverer having caft it up, found that the 
whole amounted tofixty-three rials, and 
ordered the pcafant to dilburfe them in- 
ftantly,unlefs he had a mind fb pcrifh un- 
der his hands. The affrighted farmer af- 
firmed, by the grievous fituation in which 
he was, and the oath he had already ta- 
ken, though, by the bye, he had taken 
iTo oath at all, that the fum did not a- 
naount to fo muchj for that he was to 
difcount and allow for three pair of 
flioes he had received, and a rial for two 
bleedings while he was fick. * Grant- 

* ingthat to be true,' replied Don Quix- 
ote, ' the (hoes and the bleeding ihall 

* Hand for the ftripes" you have given 

* him without caufe ; for, if he has wore 
•out the leather of the (hoes that you 
*'paid for, you have made as free with 

* the leather of his carcafe j and if the 
' barber let out his blood when he was 

* fick, you have blooded him when he 

* was well ; he therefore Hands acquit- 
•tcd of thefe debts.*— * The misfor- 

* tunc. Sir knight,' faid the pcafant** is 
' this ; I have not coin about me: but 

* if Andrew will go home to my houfe,- 

* I will pay him honeftly in ready-mo-. 

* ney.' — *.Go with youP cried the lad, 

* the devil fetch me if I do! No, no,. 

* mafter, I muft not think of that j were. 

* I to go home with him alone, he would, 

* flay me like another Saint Bartholo- . 
« mew.'— < He won't do fo,' replied the 
knight, * but fliew more regard to my. 

* commands ; and if he will fwear to. 

* me by the laws of that order of knight- 

* hood which he has received, that he 

* will pay you your wages, I will fet. 

* him free, and waiTant the payment.* 
— * Lord, how your worftim talks !' faid 
the boy j * this mafter of mine Is no 

* gentleman, nor has he received any 

* order of knighthood; but is known by 

* the name otrich John Haldudo, and . 
^ lives in the neighbourhood of Qulnta- 
« nar.' — * No matter,' replied DonQuix- 
ote, * there may be knights among the. 

* Haldudos, efpecially as every one is 

* the fon of his own works.'—* True/ 
faid Andrew; * but what works is my 

* mafter the fon of, fmce he refules to pay 

* me for my labour, and the fweat of my 

* brows?' — * I don't refufe, honeftAn- 

* drew,' anfwered the peafantj * thou wilt 

* do me a pleafure in going home with 

* mej ancf I fwear by all the honours of 

* knighthood in the univerfe, that I will 

* pay thee thy wages, as I faid be- 

* fore, in ready-money ; nay, you ftiall 

* have it perfumed into the bargain.'-— 

* Thank you for your perfumes !' faid 
the knight J * pay him in lawful coin, ' 

* and I fliall be fatisfied : and be fure 

* you fulfil the oath you have taken j 

* for, by the fame obligation, 1 fwear, 

* that in cafe you fail, I will return to 

* chaftife you, and ferret you out, even . 

* though you ftiould be more concealed 

* than a lizard. If you would under- 

* ftand who it is that lays fuch com- 

* mands upon you, that you may find ' 

* yourfelf under a neceflity of pertorm-, 

* ing them with reverence an4 awe, 

* know, that I am the valiant Don. 

* Quixote dc La Mancha, the redr.effer, 

* of wrongs, and fcourge of injuftice.: , 

* fo farewel. Remember, not to belve 

* your promife and oath, on pain of tap 

* penalty prefcribed.' With thefe words, . 
he clapped fpurs to Rozinante, and was 
out of fight in a moment . . 

The countryman followed him with, 
his eyes, till he faw him quite clear of , 
• ♦• ■ ' * tlic 



the wood; then turning to Andrew, 
laid, * Come hither, child, I mud pay 

* what I owe you, according to the 

* orders of that rcdrefler of wrongs.'— 

* Andadad,* faid Andrew, < you had 

< beft not negle6l the orders of that 

< worthy l&night, who (bleflings on his 

* heart!) is equally valiant and upright; 

* for, odds bobs, if you do not pay me, 

* he will return and be as good as his 

< word.*— -< In faith, I am of the fame 

* opinion,* replied the peafant ; * but, 
' out of my infinite regard for you, I 

* am defirous of increafing the debt, 

* that the payment may be doubled.' 
So faying, he laid hold of his arm, and 
tying him again to the tree, flogged him 
fo feverely, that he had like to have 
d*tcd on the fpot. * Now is the time, 

* Mr. Andrew,' faid the executioner, 

* to call upon the rcdrefler of griev- . 

* ances, who will find it difficult to re- 
*- drefs this, which by the "bye I am loth 

* to finifh, being very much inclined 

* to juftify your fear of being flayed 

* alive.* At length, however, he un- 
bound and left him at liberty to find 
out his judge, who v^as to execute the 
ientence he had pronounced. Andrew ^ 
iheaked oflT, not extremely well fatis- 
ficdj on the contrary, vowing to go in 
queft of the valiant Don Quixote de 
La Mancha, and inform him pun6lu- 
ally of every thing that had happened, 
an account which would certainly in- , 
duce him to pav the countryman I'even- 

In fpite of this confolation, however, 
be departed blubbering with pain, while 
his mafler remained weeping with 
laughter. And thus was the grievance 
redrefled by the valiant Don Quixote, 
who, tranfported with the fucceis, and 
the happy and fublime beginning v^hich , 
he imagined his chivalry had been fa- . 
▼oured with, jogged on towards his 
own village, with infinite felf-fatisfac- . 
tion, pronouncing with a low voice, 

* O Dulcinea del Tobofo, faireft amon^ . 

* the f Jfr ! well may'ft thou be count- . 

* ed the moft fortunate beauty upon . 
« earth, feeing it is thy fate to keep in , 

* fubje^lion, and wholly refigned to thy . 

* will and pleafure, fuch a daring and , 
' renowned knight as Don Quixote de 

* La Mancha now is, and always will . 

* remain. He who, as all the world 
« knows, but yefterday received the ho- 

* nour of knighthood, and has this day 

* redrefled the greateft wrong and griev* 

* ance that ever injuftice hatched, aqd 

* cruelty committed ! To-day he wreft. 

* ed the lafli from the hand of the mer- 

* cilefs enemj, who fo unjuftly fcourgcd 

* the body of that tender infant!* Hav- 
ing uttered this exclamation, he found 
hinifelf in a road that divided into four 
paths, and ftraight his imagination (ug- 
gefled thofe crofs-ways that were wont 
to perplex knights-errant in their choice j 
in imitation of whom, he paufed a lit- 
tle, and after mature deliberation, threw 
the reins on Rozinante's neck, leaving 
the decifion to him, who following his 
fir ft intention, took the path that led di- 
rectly to his own ft able. 

Having travelled about two miles far- 
ther, Don Quixote defcried a number of 
people, who, as was afterwards known, 
were fix merchants of Toleda, ^^oins; to, 
buy filks at Murcia, and who travelled 
with umbrellas, attended by four fer- 
vants on horfeback, and ^hree mule-, 
drivers on foot. Don Quixote no fooner 
perceived them at a' dHiance, than he 
imagined them to be fome new adven- 
ture j and, in order to imitate, as much 
as in him lay, thofe fcenes he had read 
in his books of chivaliy, he thought, 
this was an occafion exprefsly ordained 
for him to execute his purpofed at- 

He therefore, with gallant and ttCo- 
lute deportment, feated himfclf firmly 
in his ftirrups, grafped his lance, braced, 
on his target, and pofting himfelf in 
the middle of the road, waited the ar- 
rival of thofe knights -errant, for fuch 
he judged them to be. When they were 
near enough to hear him, he pronounced 
in a loud and arrogant tone ; ' Let the 

* whole univerfe ceafe to move, if the 

* whole univerfe refufes to confefs, that 

* there is not in the whole univerfe a 

* more beautiful damfel than the peer- 

* lefs Dulcinea del Tobofo, the. high 

* and mighty Emprefs of La Mancha.* 
The merchants hearing this declara- 

ration, and feeing the ftrange figure 
from which It proceeded, were alarmed 
at both, and halting immediately, at a 
diftp.nce reconnoitred the madncfs of the 
author. Curious, however, to know 
the meaning of that confeflion which he . 
exa6led, one of them, who was a fort of a 
wag, though at the fame time a man of 
prudence and difcretion, accofted him 
thus: * Sir knight, as we have not the 

* honour to know who this worthy lady 
5 iS; be fo good as to produce ber| 

* and 

tooN OjrixoTEfc 39 

and it .w6 And bet To beautiful as yott had no cauib to ./tjolce* In his rafhitefs i 
|>roc]aim her to be, we will ^ladly> but when the unhappy deed fell ti> the 
and without any fort of reward, con- grodnd, the rider Wa& thrown ovei- hi I 
fefs the truth, according to your de- hcad^ and pitched at a good diftHnce 
£re/-^* If I produce her»' rciplied upon the Held, where he found all his 
PoA Qj[iixate, * what i» the mighty me- endeavours to get up again inefFe^ual, 
rit of your eonfefling fuch a notorious fo rttuch was he incumbered with his 
truth? The importance of my de- lance, tafget, helmet, and fpurs, toge- 
mand confiftsin your believinB;, ac- ther with' the weight oi* his antient ar* 
kiiowledging, affirming upon osth, and moiir. 

defending her beauty, betore you have While he thus ftruggled, btlt in vain^ 
leen it. And this ye Aiall do, ye in* to Hfe, he bellowed forth^ ' Fly not, 
(blent and uncivil race, or engage * ye* cowardly creW| tarry a little, ye 
with me in battle forthwith. Come * ba(e caitiffs : not through any fault 
on then, one by one, according to ' of my own, but of my horfe, am I 
the laws of chivalry, or all together, * thus difcomfited.* One of the mule-^ 
as the treacherous euftom is among drivers, who feems not to have been of 
fuch wretches as you I here I expe^ a very milky difpoiition, could not bear 
you with full hope and confidence in this arrogant language of the poor over- 
the jufticeof noycaufe.'— < Sir knight,* thrown knight, without making a reply 
relied the^merchant, * I humbly beg, Upon his ribs. Goinguptohim,there« 
';inthe same of all thefe princes here f6re, he laid hold on nis lance, and 
pr^fent, that your worlhip will not breaking it, began to threfh him fo ie« 
oblige us to burden our confciences, verely, that, in (pite of the refif^anc^ 
by giving teftimony to a thing that we of his armour, he was almoft beaten 
have neither ieen nor heard, efpecially into mummy, and though the fellow's 
as it tends to the prejudice of the mafter called to him to rorbear, he was 
queens^and pFincefTes of Alcarria and fo incenfed, that he couM not leave off 
Efbematdura I but, if your wor(hip the game, until he had exhaufted ^he 
will be pleafed to (hew us any ibrt of whole of his choler. Gathering f he 
a piAure of this lady, though it be no other pieces of the lance, he re4uced 
bigger than a grain of wheat, fo as them all to (hi vers, one after another, on 
we can judge the clue by the thread, the miferable carcafe of the Don, who» 
we will be fatis fled with this fample, notwith (landing this ftorm of blows 
and yov (hall be obeyed to your which defcended on him, never ctofed 
hearths contentf for I believe we are his mouth, but continued threat* 
already fo prepolfefled in her (avour, en ing. heaven and earth, and thofe ban« 
that though the portrait (hould repre- ditti, for fuch he took the merchants to 
ient her fquinting with one eye, and be. 

diftilling vermillion and brimftone The driver was tired at loigth of his 
with th^ other, we will, notwith- exerCife, and his matters purfued their 
ftanding, in compliance to your wor- journey, carrying with them fufficient 
(hip, fay what you deftre in her fa- food for converlation about this poor 
vour.*«—( Her eyes, infamous wretch r battered knight } who no fooner found 
eplied Don Quixote, in , a rage, < dillii himfelf alone, than he made another 
not fuch produdions, but teem with .effort to rife; but if he found this de* 
amber and rich perfume; neither is Ggn impra6licab]e when he was fafe and 
there any defeat in her fight, or in found, much lefs could he accom)>lifli 
lier body, which is mote Ih-aight than it now that he was difabled, and as it 
A Guadarrama fpindle j but you (hall were wrought into apafte. He did not^ 
(ufier for the licentious blafphemy you however, look upon himfelf as unhappy j, 
have uttered againd the unparalleled becaufe this misfortune was in his opi« 
beauty of my Ibvereign miftrefs." So nion. peculiar to knights-errant; and* 
iayinga he couched his lance, and at- that ibe was not able to rife on account 
tacked the fpokefmaa with fuch rage of the innumerable bruifes he had re- 
«nd fury, that had not Rosinante luck* ceived, he afcribed entirely to the fault 
ily ftumbled and fallen in the mid& of of hk harSs, 
hi$ career^ the merchant would have 

^ y . CHAFf 

DON qitixotb; 

G H A p. v. knevr the wifattiiiMle Imkjlrt. < flSj^' 

_ .'. * nior Ouixada,' fiud ke, {for fi> lie Wat 

IH WHICH THE 8T0EY OF OVK c.H«d biTow he had toft hU fenfe«, .nd 

KMIOHT t MiSFQRTUHB M coii- ^, ^lisfomied fram a ft*tr eoonttyl 

TIN USD. geiitlemanintoakajrfit-emint) » wh^ 

F«^T'nr«.tr^ -. .1. r irui. ' ba« left your worihip infiieh a'weeM 

INDING ,t therefore .mpoffible . ,;^i^r But be/withimt minding 

to move, he wa. fai, to have re- ^ ^„ ^^^^ ^, ^^ ^j^ P 

fourfe to hi. ufual remi^jr, which waa ^^ ^, ^f ^.g, ^, ^n^e-. 

to amufe h.8 imagination with fome ^^^ch the hone* man peiceWng, went 

paffageeof thebookahebadrwdj and ^ ,,^^ ,^j ,^ ^ ^i, ^^^, ^ 

Lt madnefs immediatdy recalled M h^. b„,ft ,,te,, to fee iP be had reeeited 

memory that of yaldovinos and the „y ^„a. but he could perceive neii 

Marqvw, of Mantua, when Carloto left thi blood nor fear npon Wrbwly. Hb 

|.im wounded, on the W(M<num j a piece ^^^ ^j^^ ^j^ "^^ , ^ ^^^ 

rf hiftory that everjr body kiiow., that .^^^j^ ^j^^^ ^^^ Wm upon hi* 

every young manis aequainud wiA, ^,^ whi4 appeared to hiniaMer 

Md which .»celeJ«u«J, nay morejl^ carriage than the kSghf.ftee*. 

Jieved, by old, age ufelf, thpi^h »t bp " jj^j^ ^^^^^ 6 ^ ^ ^^ 

apocryphal aatKemu^esof Mahomet. ^ ^^ >,f^, ^ g,, ^ ^^ ^ 

neverilideft, u occumdto bini a» an ^^ „p<r„ Rozinante, and taking hold 

occafipn expreftly a<^ to his pre- ^ ^^^ {^j ^ ^^^^ ^^^ ,^ ^f^ ^j. 

^'■jT^r.-^J^TC:^^ !^"^^ hi. own aft, Jigged on toward, the 

the W9unaed kn«ht of the wood, ^^^ ^^ ^, fo battered and brtiXd, tiii 

* •«., ^^v I J r u -* ♦« could not fit upright upon the beaft. 

• Thou littTcknow^ft thy lover's fmart, mal groans, as obliged the petfwit^^ 
• Or faithtefs art, and falfepardi'c!* ^^ agam what was the matter -with 

film* Indeedy-one would have tiimiglity 
In this mannpr he v»^cnt on rcpeatmg that the devil had aflifted his ihembry 
the romance until he came to thefe.Hnes. in Aipplying him with tales accommo- 
dated to the ci^cumftances of his own 
■ « O noble prince of Mantuan plains, fitufttion | for kt that inftanti forgetting 
< My carnal Idnfmsn, and my lord !* ValdovinOB, h^ recoUe6Ud the ftorf of 
« Abindar-raez the Moor^ whomtlo- 

Before he could repeat the whole cou- drigo de Narvaee^ governor of Arfte- 
4>Iet, a peafant who was a neighbour of ijuera, took prifoncr, and carried ihta 
ilis own, and lived in the fame village^ captivity to thfe place of his nefi'dence; 
chanced to pafs, in his. way from the fo that when the countryman repeated 
mill where he had been with a load of his deiire of knowing where he had 
^heat. This honeft countryman feeine been, and what was the matter with 
a man-lying ftretched upon the ground him, he anfwered to the purpo(e» mify 
«ame up, and alked hiin who he wasy indeed, in the very words, iiied by the 
and the reafon of his lamenting fo pi- captive AbencentLJe to the faid Ro- 
teoufly. Don Quixote doubtlefs bcs dngo de Narvaez, as may be feen in 
lieved that this was his uncle the MaN the Diana of George Monte^mtfor, 
<^uts of Mantua, and- made no other which he had -read, and fo welKadapted 
reply but the continuation of his n>- for his purpofe, that the countryman 
tnanee, in which htf gave an account of hearin? foch a compofitioh of mly, 
Ilis own misfortune, oocafioned by the wiihed them both at the devil, 
amour betwixt his wife and th4 em- It was then he difcovered Aat hit 
peror^s fon^ exa6lly; as it is retailed in neighbour was mad { and therefore made 
the book. The peafant, aftoniAied at -aXi the hafte he^could to the village, that 
fuch a rhapfody, took off his- btavec, he might be the fooner rid of hip un* 
which had been beaten to pieces by^he ea(kiels at the^ unaccountable harangue 
mule driver, and wiping his face, which of Don Quixote i who had no fooner 
•vraa covered with-duft, immediately finiihedthis exdamatioDi than be ac* 


1>0H -ftJTIXOTJI. 


cofted liis.t^dv#or in t^fe words: 
KnoW| then^ valiant Don Rodrigo de 
llar^aezj'tMt this fa»rt'ei)ckiit'ifirtXa-* 
tifa, WUoni I hare mentioned, W no 
t>tlitr. tlUln tte fairllulcinea del To- 
hoibj' for ^fiom' I have performed, 
undertake, and will atehieve, th^ ifioft 
fCftrwaad ««plei|t, diat ever itew, 
are, or iwiU befedn on earth.* 'I'o 
tikia addreft ih^ ^oiiiairyjacian replied with 
gieat ii«|iLicky^4 ^ ,l£>w. your worlhip 
taJka ! As I «m a fuin^, I am neither 
•PoA Rodrigo de Karvaezj nor the 
iManpits of Maatua, but Pfkko A- 
loazo, your iMighbour i nor if ypur 
wovflup ailbei: Valdovinos, i^r Abin- 
dar^raev, but tba worthy getHlemafi 
Signior (^ixaida^*— < I know very wetl 
wSo, i am,* reified Don Quixoce $ 
and- that it is poJEble for me to be not 
only thofe who«i I have mentioned, 
iiut aUb the whole Twelve, feers of 
Franee, and even the Nine Worthies^ 
feeing that my atchievemenis will excel 
not only thpfe «f each of them ilngiy> 
but even Ae espUuM of them all ioin* 
ed together,* 
DiicourTmg in this manner^ they arrtv 
ed at the vill^ abdut twilight $ but the 
pcafaot ftaid till it was quite dark) that 
thd poor jib-roaHod kniglit might not be 
&tm. in fuck a woeful condition. Then 
he coiidn&ed Don Qji^jxote to his own 
Koule, which was ali in coafufion« 
Wheb he arrived^' the. curate and the 
kLrber of the vilkgt, two of his - beft 
friends and companions were prefentj 
^nd hk houfeke^r wasjuft faying with 
a woeful coumtenance, ^ Mr. Licentiate 
< Pero Perez,* that was the curate's 
jwme, < feme misfortuoe muit certainly 

wltkhJisifcpfrHrtrd oiii of ^ (bund- 
el^ nnderftandings in all La Manchal* 
To this r^iligrk the niece affented, 

i&y'uiga ^ Moreover, you muft knojiv, 
Mr. Nioolas,* this was the ha<M^ of 

the barber, < my imde would frequent* 
ly, after having been residing in thde 
profane books of mifadventures, for 
two whple days and nights together, 
ftart up» tbrow the book upon the 
ground, and drawing his fword, feaot 
vigkh the walla till he was quite fiS- 
tigued, then a&m that he had killed 
four i^ants as big at fteeples, and 
fwear that the fweat <d his brovi^, co 
cafioned. by this violent exercife, wA 
the bbod of the wounds he had r#« 
ceived in battle^ then he would drink 
of a large pitcher of cold water, and 
remain quieft and re&efhed, fa3rtn^, 
^at the water was a anoft precious 
beverage, wtdi whidi he was fupplied 
bjr the ^ge Ifqutfe, a mighty iQchantar 
and friend of his : bat I take tht 
whole blame to myfelf , for not bar* 
ing informed your w6rfliip of liiy 
dear uncle*seietravagan[ties, that Scmm 
remedy might have been applied be* 
fore they had proceeded to fuch ex* 
cefs; and that you ow^ht have bofnt 
all thofe excommomcated bookr, 
which deferve the fiie as much as if 
they were crammed with herefy.* 
' I am of the fame opmiao,* laid tht 

eurate, < and aiibre you, before ano- 
ther day (haU pais, they fliall undergo 
aleveretrial, and be condemned to the 
flames, that they may not induce 
other readers to foliow the Same path 
which I am afraid my good friend has 
taken.* Every fyUable of this con* 

have happened to^ ttfy mafter ; for verfation was overheard by Don Quix 
' ' . ' . .^^.1 ^ .. ote and his guide, which laft had now no 

longer any £nibt aboiit liis nei^bour*e 
infirmity, and therefoi« pronounced with 
aloud voice, * Open your gatea- to the 
*■ valiant Valdovinos, and the great 

* Marquis of- Mantua, . who corner 
^ home wounded from the field; toge- 

* therwiththoMoorAbtadar-raery-wbo 

* drags in captivity theibliaht RodrigOr 

* de Karvacz^ gonemor of Aatequera.* 
Alarmed at thefe words, they came 

sdl to the door, and perceiving who it 
was, the barber and curate went to. re* 
ceive their friend, and the women ran 

^ fix days, both he and:his borfe, toge 

< ther widi the target, iance, and ar^ 
* mour have been mifi^n^* : as I am it 
i isaner, it is} nil come intP my head, 
i and it is certainly as true as that every 

< oile is born to die, thofr.hellifii boolu 
^ of knight-errantry, which he ufed to 
i read with Co muebi pleafure, have 
i turned his brain j for now I remember 
f io have heard him fay to himielf mote 
' than bn(ie', that he longed to be a 
S knight-errant,.and ftioll about in q.uefi: 

< of adventures. May the devil and 
^ Barrabas lay hold of fuch legends. 

* Th,e author feems to have committed a fmall overfight in this paragraph) for the" 
fcntgbt bad not been gon^' above tvt^ days and one night, whiiih h^fpint is watching his 
armour*. . . - 

Fa te 



to fnbrtee tKair iMfttr mid kbifinan'i 
who, though he had not m yetalightedy 
for indeed it was notinhil power, )pro* ^ 
elaimed alovd, < Let the «^ole world 
« take notice, that the. wounds Ihai^ 
received were owing to' the fftult of 
my hprfe alone j carry me therefore to 
bed, and iisnd if pomble for the fage 
.^ Urganda*, to fearch and core tbcm.^ 
^^-< See now, in an evil hour,* cried 
the houfekeeper, hearing thc/e words, 

< if I did not truly foretel of what leg 

* my mafter was lame !— Your worihip 
^ fhall underftand, in good time, that 

* without the aiEftance of that fame 
^ Urganda, we know how 'to cure the 
^ hurts you have received $ and curfed, 
^ I fay, nayj a hundred and a hundred 
fi times- curfed, be thofe books o£ chi* 

* valry, which have fo diibrdered your 
« honour's brain !* Ha vinr carried him 
to his bed, they began to Kareh for his 
-wounds, but could find none; and he 
told them that his whole body was one 
continued bruife, occafioned by the^fall 
ef hts horfe Rocinante, during his en- 
gagement with ten of themoit infolent 
^nd outrageous giants that ever ap* 
peared upon the face of the ea^th. * ^h, 
f hah r criedghe curate, ' have we got 
f giants too in the dance! Now,, by 
f the faith of;my fun6lion, I will re- 

< duc'e them all to afties befoie to-mor- 

* row night.' : 

A thoufandqueftiohs did they tfk. of 
the knight,- who made no other anfwer, 
' but defired them to bring him fome food,' 
and leave him to his repofe, which In- 
SJIeed was what he had moft occafion 
for. They complied with his requeft, 
ind the curate informed himfelf at targe 
•f the manner in which he had been 
fioruttd by the countryman, who gave 
kim foil fatisfa£Uon in that particular, 
90d repeated all the nonfenfe he had ut- 
tered when he firft found him, as well 
9a wkat'he afterwards fpoke in their way 
Iiome. Tl)is information coniirmed the 
licentiate in hie refolution, which was 
fUtecuied next day, when he brought his 
iaeoid diafter Nicolas the barber along 
i^ith him to Don Qubi^ota^s houie. 

( . . . ' . 


0U8 HBRO^ - , 

WHILB the knight w«w alleep, 
his friends came ^and demanded 
of his niece the key of theclolet \n 
which thofe books, the auflMrs of hts 
misfortune, were kept | andihe delivtr-t 
ing it Nirith great ehearfulnefs, they went 
into it in a body, bouiekeeper and all, 
and found upwards of a hutidted vo- 
lumes, great and fmall, exti>et|i«ly ^^11 
bound} which were no ibonei^peKoived 
by the governante, than (be ran out 
.with great eagernefs, and immediately 
returned with a porringer of holy wa- 
ter, and a fpng of hjfop, 'faying, 

* Here, Mafter Licentiate, pray taki 
■ and iprinkle the clofet, left fome on$ 

* of the many inchanters contained- in 
f thefe books ftiould exercife his art upoh 
*' us, as a puniihment for our bnmmg 
' and banifliing ihem from the face of 
« the earth/ 

The licentiate, fmiling at the old 
houfekeeper^s fimpHcity, oefired tlie bar^ 
ber to hand hini the books one by one, 
that he might £re of what fubje^ks^th^ 
treated, becau(e they might po^bly limi 
fome that did nbt de(crve( to lie porged 
by fire. ^ There is not One ol them A- 
replied the niece, ^^^ which delhrvestlwi 

< leaft mercy, for they.areall>fuii of^il% 
f chief and deceit. You bad better, 

* t))erefore, throw them o»t of the win* 
f dowintQ^he^urNyardy and there fet 
^ fire tothem jn^^9,,h.eap.t or let them btf 
'* carried into jthi back -yard, where tbtf 

< bonfire may bl made, and th^ftiiokd 

* will offend nobody/ Tl)e» houfei 
keeper afientedto this propofiil, fo eage^ 
were they both to deUcpy thaie inno- 
cents) but the: curate would by nof 
means encourage fuchbarbaiity, without 
reading firft, it poi&ble, the title-pages.' 

The.firft that Mafter Nicolat d<»iiver.' 
ed into his hand, were the four volume^ 
of Amadis de Gaul. < There is/ faitf 

:* The ;iame of a goo^-natured tochantrefs In Ama^ de Gaul. Ekiring the age ot 
ka^ht-erjuntry. It was ufualfor ladiesi toftudy the art of furgery, in erdsr to drefs the 
%|fWVi4f of tij^ofe knights who were their fervaqts. One of j£t. heroines of Perce f occiF 
fays Co Norgal, * Fair nephewi methinks your arm is not at cafe/— < In faith, dear lady,* 
anfvirert;4 Nilgai, * yoa are in the right j and 1 befeech you to take it under your caoc.* 
"fhen ihe called ^er daughter Helen, who entertained her cpu^ with §oo4 ^hecr, an^ 
afteriifards redaceH bis arm ^hlch ¥fas dillocated* 

DON <^i*atB^ 45 

ftie good'teitt) * femelliing myfteriout 
< in: this ctrcoqiftsmc»s\OT»<as I have 

* h^rd, tfiat Was the firft book- of chi- 'go to the pile fdr his .atrogance an4 

* valry prfntcd iri^Spaiii, firom- which ^ folly.'-i-* He that follows.^ fays th^ 

thlc'fire, 'wit'hoUf h«(itation,as the law-' 
< 'giverof ftichafKtfnicidusfeft/--* By 

* no ilieansj* • cried the barber 5 * for f 
* ' hare aifoheardithiit th9s is the heft book 
*' of the itiiid that was ever compofed; 

* -ahd therefore ought to be pardoned* 
^ as an original and model in it*s wav. 

Right/ faid the curate { * and for 

' prepare for: his fate 5 not^ithijanding 
his farprixing birth^ and mie^hty >ad-. 
ventures, and the unparaliefed ftiffi 
fiefs and fterili^ of his ftile.— Dpwa 
with him, Miftrefs houfekeeper ! and 
take this other along with you alfo/— • 
With all my heart, dear Sir!* teplie<i 

he gorernantej who exfecuted his coi|i- 

< that reaibn, he (hall be fpared for the mands with vaft alacrity. 

< prefent. Let us fee that author, who * Ht that comes nexr,* faid the bar<« 

< fiands next to him/— < This,' fays ber, « is the knight Plaiir/^* That it 
the barber, * contains the atchievements ' an old book, faid the clergyman s 
« of Efplandian,' the lawful fen of A- *" but as I cail find nothing in him tha^ 
• madis de Gaul.*—* Tnjiy, then,' faid * deferves the leaft regard, he muft n^tsn, 
the curate, • the viftuee c* the father [ keep the reft company.' He was ac- 
^ flndl not avail the fon^ H#re, Mrs. cordinglv doomed to the flames, with- 

< houfekeeper, open that window, and out farther (jaeftion. The next book 
^ to(s him into the yard, where he (hall they opened was intitled. The Knight 

^th in({nite fatisfadion ; andthewor- ^ count of his. holy title; but, accord* 

•thy Eiplandian took his flight into the * ing to the proverb, "«^The devil flculks 

yard, to wait in patiepce for the fire ** behind the'crofs }" and therefore let 

i^ith which he was threatened. * l^tp' ^ him defcenj into the fife/ Mafter 

< r#»rl* crrted the «iTnafe. < Xhl^ that NicollS talcinb- tin annfhpi* kn^'lr fAimJ 

worftifp. Away 

♦ fame faroily.'i-i«VTo-^c yard, then, * with Sifl;nior Rinaldo de Mont-aU 
**%ith all of them,* replied the curate | • ban , with his' friends and companions,^ 
« for, ratlj^r than not bum, Queen Pin- * who were greater thieves than Cacqs { 

* ttq^ninieftra, and ihe (hepherd'Darinel * notforgetting the Twelve Peers, togc- 
« with hi> eclogues, together with the ** th6r with Tlirpih, tlj^ir candid hiiftp.* 
< unintelligible andbedeyitleddifcourfe^ * rian. l^ough, tcu\^, jn my opinion^ 

• rant.'— r»< I am of your opinion/ faid ^ of ' the reniwped Matteo" ]36yardp^ 
^ barbef. « And l,'jcri^ the niece,' <;brt which was weav^d the ingeiiidti^ 

• 'Since that is the cafe^* faid the hoqfe-' • Veb of the Chriftian poet iudovicq 
|C€«pef, * to the yard with them irtime- • Ariblto; t^ whom, (bould I An± 

jgard |[ 6ut, if he talks in ^s, 
all out of the window. • • own idiom, I will place him 'pii 

. « Who fpay that ttin* like atkthor be?* ^ my head, in token of fefpe^,'— .« I 
faid the curate. « This here,' aplWercct * have got him at Jjome,* faid fhe{ 
fhe barber, '•is Don Oltvante de Laura.* barber, < in Italian, birt^ I don't un- 
«—• Thci^^ry fame,' replied the cUrate, < derftand that language,' — « Nor i» it 
* whocomi 
f and tiiil 

y V«^iil>e4 



lO 90DnCC fBMf V OmuM f SBd kUlfiBttl } 

who, tboa^ be had not at yetaliglited, 
for indeed ic wtf not in hit power, |iio- ^ 
cUimed aloud, * Let the vrtiole iirarid 

take notice, that the we«nd$ I ^«t 

received fvere owing to' the fkult of 

my hpr(e alone) cairy me therefore to 

hed» and iend if pomhle for the (age 

Umnda*, to iearch and coretbtm.^ 
•— < See now, in an evil boor,* cried 
the boufekeeper, hearing thefe words, 

if I did not truly foretel of what leg 

my matter was lame !— Your worihip 

fhall underftand, in good time, that 

without the aiEftance of that fame 

Urganda, we know how to cure the 

hurts you ha? e reoeived { and curfed, 

I fay, nay, a hundred and a hundred 

times curfed, be thofe books of chi- 
valry, which have fo diibrdered your 

honour's bnin I* Having carried him 
his bed, they began to iearch for his 
wounds, but could find none) and he 
told them that his whole body was one 
continued bruife, occafioned by the fall 
of his horfe Roainante, during his en* 
gagement with ten of the molt iniblent 
and outrageous giants that ever ap* 

rarcd upon the face of the earth. * Ah, 
hah I * cried^ihe curate, * have we got 
f giants too in the dance I Now, by 
1 the faith of my function, I will re* 

* duct them all to aiies bcfbte to-mor- 

• row night,* . 
A thouland queftiona did ihey aik of 

the k'^'ii^ht, who made no other anfwer« 
Vttt driired them to bring him Ibme food^ 
and leave him to his terol^, which in- 
deed WIS what he haa moft occaiion 
far, lliey complied with his rtouell, 
%md the curate inroruied himlelf at lat^e 
of the manner in which he had been 
iMnd hy the countrymaiu who gisve 
liim Ml ftftt%la(%Mii m that panicuUr» 
tftd rtftaeed all the iKMiftnft hehad «t* 
sand wheft he iiA Hound himt as well 
kthte afkerwaisls ipoke i« thtMr way 
Tlue Miuffinei««« eMOiteMd ilie 
|MMtu«e ia hie feMut¥Mi» whKhwss 
•Mcuaed neatt ^y» when he WeMighi hts 
twkd mmAst NkviUs tht Wi^«f a%«e^ 
^mh him to l>sa <^H|Ma^s WiM^ 

. « IV MHS %f a «M«Ax«MM«4 )s^fUMw#^ la Ae^ Dwiag tr 

lB:^ht^.iwMrN It waa %,^ *» Wjm^ ti^a«<»A «» «t ^ y<<yg-y ^ *?** *? *** 
^Utt^i*.;^ M ^Nk h%^a me»* w««% «iw*i Hs^He^ Us« '•S i* Awwbk ec i^w 

^t»M>l«|^ *r%^liW»WWv HMNV^Utysto. i*<ili*Mii4*tttiO— ^*UfMt5»»^ 

a«r«m^H4^4» « w^«<ywi ^»« t**Mi ♦jOi ;W*sx^ 3M*at.-**^ »«•»*« 1, 
Tij** Aer^»M^ JMjfV^ie W.^-^^, ^»» ♦»»HH<k4 bee ^^imifc ^ w^Th i M M ^ 

aibtw«s^ it^^e^^ hli SMa >|ihih>X >Ma ^iU^>«ft^ 



WHILB the knight w«s aileep. 
his friends came and demandc(* 
of his niece the key of-tiie-cloiet tr 
which thofe books, the au^iers of hi 
misfortune, were kept | andiSie delifer 
ing it Nirith great chearfulnefs, they wer 
into it in a body, hoofekeeper and al' 
and found upwards of a hundred v*" 
lumes, great and fmall, extreqit^y w*' 
bound) which were no fooner pct«eiv 
by the govemante, than the ran o 
.with great eagemcfa, and imA6dia^ 
returned with a porringer of holy y 
ter, and a fprig of hyfop, Ayi^ 
Here, Matter Licentiate, pmy <» 
and iprinkle the cloiet, left fooie 
of the many inchanters container 
theie books fliould evercife hisart u 
QS, as a puniflunent for our bon 
and ban idling them from the fac- 
the earth/ 

The licentiate, fmilinar at die 
liourekeepep*s fimplicity, £fired the 
her to hand him the books one by 
that he might Ice of what fobjefis 
treated, becaole they might poAibl; 
feme dbat did not deftrve to he p 
by fire. « Thefcia not one ol t 
rndied the niece, > whicbdeAiv. 
< leall mercy, forth^areallfuUc 
chief and deceit. You had ^ 
therefore, throw them out of th 
dow into the ooutt^yard, and t( 
fii« tothmniABheapi oriett] 
caified into the back -yard, wh 
bor&re caay be made, and the 
wiU oted nobody.* Tb(^ 

kecpetAAcntedio^hisprapofiil, i 
ween they botb lo dedii>f thc( 
eeaMS) but the cmraae woiild 

TW Ml th«t M«*er Kicohi» 
e4 «si% bk baM. were tbe four ' 
»f Aaaii n 4e Gaial> ' 




> n 



i recehr- 


fully hf 

\t bafM 


loury.' — . 
V raid the 
over to the 
seepef) and 
J flian neref 
t the> Sftepr*- 

^ry elegant 
j(^rve faim- ai 
.n the baiter 
>l^mi6, 5vhic& 
r^ of Poetry, 
:hof 'him* he 
.ed,' faid the 
<in meannefles, 
the midtt of it's 
e of it, for the 
and deferves re- 
noce heroick and 
:ch he-has com- 
.^,' contiiHIed the 
iOH of Songs J by 
— * That authfkr 
liendaifo'/ I'eplied 
s own verles outof 
e the admiration of 
le chants them with 
that the heaitrs are 
eclogfoes are indeed 
j'l there cannotbe too 
. thing. Let them be 
; the elift* but> pray 
3t next to it V Whca 
.lim it was the Oaiatea 
erf antes 5 * That fame 
id he, * h2» been an in*- 
) f m iiie thefetnanyyears, 
certaiit- knowledge more 
, t h nif6fi»rt<Mie9% than poe«^ 

• uy. 


pOH €^irOTB» 

< rmtttd km fo iQQcli» ^j trmQiUiiig 

^ bim ioto . £y»ani(lit wMtmakiog him 

^ thing. will luip|en to iU tbott'vdio 
f DKteiid to tnuuUte bmKf •£ poetry 

< into i for^gn t»nguaff?| for» in fpitc 

hajrbq-y/ I b^iTe^bfiifa M in ipy hafid 
V tl)evenowne4t)ofi j^isinis**— *** Eve« 

« co«df^ tliiT4 ?«kI fiiiftb p4rtt,.ftp«<k 

< of ^all thek care 9wl ^ability, they will ^ to nur|^ hi« ^of^tikv^ ckoi^p and 

* $nd it tomfiibje to {^Ye the traafla^ < ou^ to be iifuned of tba^ wbote 

* tion the Uqfie ^o^rgy which i» foutid * CaiUe of Fanio, aA4 otboy mora iin» 

* m^ ori^ioaL 'tn flioctj I ienteiicc ^ portant impoptii^cet. Forwbiobfoa* 

< thia bookf and aJl tbofo which wt * tos, let tbe ftnto^Of bf . cil9ii|ged iiK* 

< Ihall iind treating of Fi«ncb matters) < tranfportatifov i-^andi a(Xor4i«|9 v*ho 

* to be thrown aod depodted i|i a dry 
*■ iprell^ until we can detenntne at more 
^ leifnre what fate ^y ^uft umdergtit 
^ except Berhardo^del Caipio» nd an^ 

* Other csUad' Ronc^Talles, whicb^ if 




feforma, .hp ihaU ba twaAad-witU |e» 
nity a»d iu^lc«.r: 1^ ibe mean timoi 
friend Mico)^ J^Mpibitn <s|fo i» youc 
bottle^ out of Ibq r^db of #veryi«ld» 
er/^< Wiib-aU my- foul !* aafweved 

^ tbej fall into ay band^ Ihall (ka£i| the barber { and without ip/mg tb<Nn* 

^ in^Q ih66i jpf , t))e houffkaepera and jalvea the twawblo of «fadiiigany motft 

• thence iotd thff W^ without any .nii«» titles^ they onWi^ tbe beM^lwepcr )t» 
« tlgatios^* . > 4i;finif%aUtb<Ur|gol3i09iiaimo^tbeyifid) 

This v^aa a'pprorcd of as an ea\utfi<« Thie diroS^ioA' wmb not give» to a 

ble. dccii)pn> and accordingly conficnvMl pedon who w^t eitbo^ doating or dnii^ 

1^ the barber, who knew, the cujcate ta but to ooo wbo' wtis. HHich moie infliifed 

^ fucb a good fo much to perfom ^at oiBeo than to cogipoit 

n fHend to truths that he would not ba the Iwgg^ft mi feie^ web> that ever waa 

guilty of an equiiracatioA for the.wbobi ieen. Taking up«. fbffofofei faveo ov 

iimver{e. The next volume be ofcfied aigiht «| atif^e, iha boa««d dfeem one of 

WAS Palmerin D^Hv^i and hard by the window wLih mtvedib)f di^atdw 

bin^ ftood anotltoEy call^ Palmeria o€ While iha ^tm tbtia^aod^voiiring lolil^ 

J^nglahd i which wat no iboner pprw 9^ good v^ny log^thevi iOo# of tiiona 

ceiyed by the: Hceotiatey fhan he cried^ chanced t^ifaU at the ftietof ,the bafihe% 

' i;ct that Oiiva be hewji^ jn piecesi asd^ who binn^ feizpd m^ an io^Hli9«:of 

« burped fo as jtQt (6 touch as a. cin^ knowing tbe^pfttfyittf fotyiid* upoi^o^ 

' der of 'bini (ball renuiofj bat let tho aaain^nn tbat.itw»»<aUJed tbe.Hiftory 

« !Rj)gH(h Palmerin be defeivie^, a^d oftho^oi^tMlftnightTiratttetbaWhkei 

^ pre^rved at an inefUms^ble jewei^ and * Heaven, be |Klii£i i; . cried- .the enratej 

< fuch another calket be made fpr bifi» aloud*. * that wie hove difootored.Tifamt 
« ^s that which Alj^a^dcr found anwn^ - *' the WUct in> thia pWce $ pray givo it 
*' the iboila of Paivus, and deftined a» ^ nneK- p^ighbour } (or in this boolt. I 
« a c'ale for the;WQrka of ^onaer^ That * reckon I have fov^- a treafttre o# la-* 
^* book« neighhoufV U venerablr for twa " <. tiafa^ionct ;|iid a richi mine of a«ifMe« 
^ reafpn^ ; mft^ becaule it ^is in. itftlfi < mcftiCt . Itoe ia tha faiyioM» Godftiatr- 

< excellimt^ fihd^ fecondlyi, becauie it < cy*t, o|^Mm»ttalbim0; aodbis broflber 

# is fi^id to b^vf been cqppofed bv 91^ < Tb^maa of Mont-aiban*.. sad tho 
« ingenious, k^2 of Por^gal. AlUho % knight Fenffca*/ asal^ an apooiwn 

• adventurcaqf}th^caftlco*Miragaai:d» ',pf thfi bfittj^ 6>^^ betweao 
' ajre incomparable^ andvcontrivcdwitlk 
^ mfinite art; the language perfpicuoua 
^ and elegant,^ and the charafteis fujj- 

< ported with great propriety of feoti-* 

< pent and dei^bruna. t pnopofei Mr^ 
«'^icoHs, faving your bettei: judg-* 
^ qncnt, to e^nipt this book and Ama« 
^ dis de Gaul from the fiafnes^ and kt 
9 aJJ the reft {^eriAi without favthfr if^-r^ 

♦ ^ity.' 

huKxaod the ▼akani Pecriaiiiej toge- 
tbef- wkh the W«tt*fuin»s<of the Voitfig 
Irady, Joy of my UUi with the afAo- 
rous ftraiiigemA of. the Widow Q^iet^ 
aad h^ bi^inafs t)ho ^mjpreia who waa 
enamoured of bar Si|uire HippoUmft 
I do aflCoffo you^ upan my woffd> Mr, 
Kicolas, tli«t» in point of ftiky thit 
« iaiLhe heft book, that eferwaawrittaiii 
< ^f r^ tlw knigbts' eat, (Wp« , aad die 

*" In the on'iJloaii^ ^S^i^^Wf ^W^tte two Creek words aiJifM Mt^^. ^xfyiagi 

00<N 'QtVtXOTB, 


^ ^ Mr bed% «lifrlBr»iii|; made their 

< wiih, with aiaof ciitvttftaneet that 
' are wanting in «ther booka of the (hmc 

* Jtind* NotwithAaMliiir, die author 

* who cdtfipoftd it ocrtaii^ defervcd t» 
« be lent to the |faUie* for lifisy for har* 
« iag fprat bb ttma in writiag Co nmeh 
•> nonfttUh. Tdkt and tead htm at 

< h^ne, and 70a ihall ind what I fo)r 

< is tnic/-*-« Very like,* replied the 
hm^mt * what ihall <we do wieh theft 
« fmall booke «hat lemaitt l^ 

. • TheA,* fatd thocurafe^ * cannot be 

* booka.of ehieakyi but niuft he poems/ 
Aoeordingl^t opening one^ he found it 
waa the f>tflna t€ Oeorp^n de Monte ^ 
MajoTf and taking it Ibr grantedthat a!t 
tiM reft wane ot the fame kind, laid; 

* Tbefebooke'doBoikleftrvetobehQmt 
^ wiiththe reft; for thev neither are nor 

< e? er will be guilty of k> mnch milcfiie^ 

* at thoft of eiiiyalry haire done $ being 

* bboke of cBtertatnment, and no ways 

* pqudieial to religion/— < Pray, Sir,* 
find the niece^ * be fy good as to order 
<• thefe to be'bnmc with the reft } for my 

* nnde will no iboner be cured of hi^ 
^ knight^enrantryj than by reading there» 

* he will nim fliephenl, and wander-fr» 
' bout tlit gfwree and' meadows piping 
« and iinging* Nay, what Is- worfe, 

< perhaps turn poet, which they fay is 
'<^ aninre^lious and inoinM: diftemptn-/ 
•— ^ The ydung woman is in the right/ 
find the caratei * and therefom if wont 

* btamili to remoyo this temptation and 
« flnmbj^ng-block out of our friend'l 

* way* Since we* hate therefbm begun 

* with the Diana of Monte-ma)ar, I am 
^ ofopinionthatweOiould not burn him, 
f but cefty e^pungs What relates to the 

* ihge Felio'ta, and theinchanted water, 
'*■ together with all the larger poeroa, and 
^' kavo to him, a GodVnaale) all the 

* proie, and the honour of being the 
« ringleader ^f the writere of that dafs/ 
' ' Thie that fel low V fard thaliailierv 

* i» called Di^la the^eondkyf Salman- 
< ttno, and fbia other that bears the 
' iame name,'i» written by Gil Pob/ 

. •^^ Let SaimanttAo>* repUedthe oorate', 

* hicreafothe number of thole that tttt 
*' already condemned to the* yard y but 

* let Oil Polo be preTcrvcd as carefully 
* ' ae tf it was' the prodn^ion of Apollo 
^himfelfr Piticeed, friend If «(A>laS) 

' * and let ua di%atch, fov \pgf<mihtt.^ 
«^ This. hci« book/ faid the barbery 
opening the^ next^ * ia called the ten. 

* hooks of the Foifimo of Lote^ the 

* ptnduftion «f Afttonio hctnkOi n 

* Sardihian poet/-ii«< fiy my holy or- 
' ders,* cried the curate, * fincePheebni 

* was Apollo, the^Mnftiff the danghtert 

* of Jove, and bards delighted in poe- 

* try, there nerer wae fneh a pleafant 

* and comical performance eompofed'al 

< this, which is the heft and moftor^- 

* ginal of the kind, whi<h ever faw tkt 

* 'light ; and he vftko ha4 not read it maj 

* anuie himfelfi that Ive has never ttam 

* any thing of taflfei raach it me, neigh- 

* hour 9 it gi^s me more pieafore td 

< hate found this, than if 1 had rsceir- 

* ed a caflbck of Florence fitk/ 
Accordingly, he laid it carefully by 

with inSfiite nleafore, and the barber 
proceeded in htataik, laying, < Thoiii 

* that come next are the Shepherd of 

* Iberia, the Nymphs of Henares^ and 
^ the Undee^ions of Jealoufy/ -^ 

* Then there ts nnmore to do,* faid the 
prieft, * but to deliver them over to the 

< iecular arm of the houfekeeeper, and 

* do not aftc me why, dfe we fliaH never 

< ha^e done/-^^ Here comes the 8hepr'i> 
^ herd of Filida/— >' He is no (hephimi/ 
cried the curate,- ^ bue a very elegant 

< couttier, aiid' therefoi^ prelbrve bim ai 

* a nrcclcAgs jewel/ Then the barber 
laid hold of a viery large vdume, i^vhicft 
was entitled, The Trealbre of Poetry. 
•' If there was not fo much- of -him* he 

< would be more efteemcd,* faid the 
licentiate, < that book ought to be weed- 

* ed and cleared of cert&in meanneOes, 

* which have crept into the midft of it^o 

* excelleneiei \ take care of it, for the 

* author is my friend, and deferves ie« 

< gahl for feme other moie herotck and 

* elevated vrorks*) which be- has com - 

< pofed/-^* And this/ contimled the 
barber, * is a Colleftion of Songs, by 
« Lopea Maldonado/— * That author 

* is my very good friend alfo,' fepHed 
tne curate; * and his own verles out of 
^ his own mouth are the admiration of 
« every bodyi for he chants them widi 
« fo fweet a voice^ that the heaitrs are 
<• inehanted* His eclogues areindeed 
« a little diffuie, but there cantiot be too 
»^ mueh of a good thing. Let them be 

* preferved among the 5ift s but^ pray 

* What book is that nexMo it r When 
the barber told him it was the Galatea 
of Miguel de Cervantes; <• That fame 

* Cei'vantes'/ faid he, « Kias been an in*- 

* timate friend of minethefemanyj'eara, 
« and is to my et^rtaiI^knowkdge more 

* eMiverfan«withn»6fintttlie9ithan|Nie«^ 

• try. 



try* TiRre Is a good vein of ioven* 
tion in hit booki which propofes 
ibmething, though it concludes no- 
thing. We muft wait for the fccond 
part, which he proniiies» and then 
perhaps his amendment may dcferve a 
tull pardon, which is now denied » 
until that happens, let him be clofe 
confined in your clofet.* 
* With all my heart,' replied the bar- 
ber f ^ but here come three more toge- 
ther, the Araucana of Don Alonzo 
de Ercilla, the Aullriada of Juan 
Rufo Jurado d^ Cordova, and the 
Monferrato of Chriftoval de Virues, a 
Valentian poet.'— « Thefe three books,* 
laid the curate, * are the beft epick poems 
in the Caftilian language, and may be 
compared with the moft renowned per- 
formances of Italy. them be kept 
as the ineftlmable pledges of Spanifli 
poetry.' The curate grew tired of ex- 
amining more books, and would have 
condemned all the reft, contents un- 
known» if the barber had not already 
opened another, which was called tlie 
Tears of Angelica. < I ihould have 

* flied tears &r my raflmefs,' faid the 
curate, hearing the name, * if I had or- 

* dered that book to be burned ; for it's 

* author was one of the moft celebrated 

* poets, not only of Spain, but of the 

* whole world; and, in particular, cx- 

* tremely fuccefsful in tranflatlng fonie 

* of the Mctamorphofes of Ovid • 

CHAP. vir. 


WHILE they were bufied in this 
manner, I>on Qgjxote began to 
cry aloud, « This way, this way, ye 

< Taliant knights! now is the time to 

< (hew the ftrength of your invincible 

< arms, that the courtiers may not carry 

< off the honour of the tournament.* 
The fcrutiny of the books that remained 
was delerted by the curate and barber, 
who haftened to the author of this noiAr 
exclamation, and it is believed, that all 
were committed to the flames, unfeen,. 
unheard* not even excepting the Caro- 
lea, and Lyon of Spain, together with 
the exploits of the emperor, compofed 
by Don Louis D'Avilaj which were, 
dottbtldsi anwng th^fe committed to the 

Are I though,' pefHftpl» l«id ihfe tmiH^ 
feen them, they would not hatve under«* 
gone G> feverb a fentence. 

When they arrived in Don Quixote's 
chamber^' they found him on the floors 
proceeding with his rbapfody, and fesi-* 
cing with the walls, ai broad awake as 
iB he had neter felt the influence oif 
Aeep. Laying hold on him, by force they 
re- conveyed him to his bed} where, at* 
ter having nfted a little, .h^ returned t^ 
his ravings, and addrefled himfelf t» 
the curate in diefe words : • Certainly, 
' * mv X^rd Archbifliop Tnrpin, we^. 

< who are tailed the Twelve Peers 0^ 
f France, will be greatly difgraeed^ if 

* we allow the court-knights to wio 

* the victory in thia tournament, after 
' we, the adventurers, have gainad tho 

* prize in the three preceding days/— ^ 
' Oive yourfelf no trouble about that 

' confideration, my worthy friend,' faid . 
the curate $ * for Providence may turn 

* the fcale, and what is loft to-day may 

* be retrieved to- nicMrrow. Inthtfrneai^ 
^ time, have a reverend care of your 
' health* for you leem to be exceflively 

* fatigued, if not wounded giievouily.* 
— ' I am not wounded,' replied the 
knight} * but that I am battered and 

* bi-ui£bd there is no manner of dou^t | 

* for the baftard Don Orlando has maul* 
^ ed me to mummy with the trunk of 

* an oak, and all out of meiv envy,. 
^ becaule he faw that I alone withftood 

* his valour. But may I ilo longer 

* deferve the name of Reyif^aidos de 

* Mont-alban, i^ when I rife from this 

* bed,Idonot repay him in his own coin, 

' in fpite of all his inchantments I ' 

< Meanwhile^ bring me fofme food, 

< which is what I chiefly want at pre* 

* Tent, and let me -alone to take ven^ 
^ geance for the injury I have received.' 

In compliance with his deiife th^ 
brought him fomething to eat, and le^ 
him again to his repofoi-not without ad- 
miration of his madnefs and extrava- 
gance. That very night the houfe« 
keeper fet Are to, and confumed, not 
only all the books that were in tlie yard, 
but alio every one ihe could .And in the 
houie ; and no doubt many were burn* 
ed, which deferved to have been kept as 
perpetual archives. But this their def« 
tiny, and the lazinefs of the inquifitors^ 
would not allow j h that in thera was 
fulfilled, the old proverb, aftittt m^ 
femetimii fuffir fir afimur, - Aoothec 
iremedy w£ch the curate and barber 



^irefcribed tor ^he difteimper of their 
fne'iidy was to alter and block up the 
ctolet where his books bad been kept i 
that upon his getting up, he (hould not 
find them, and the caiife being taken 
away, the efFe£l might ceafe ; and that, 
upon his inquiry, they (hould tell hirn 
an inchanteir had carried them off, clb- 
let and all ; this refolution was execut- 
ed with all imaginable difpatch, during 
the two days that Don Qujxote kept his 

The firft thing he did when he got up, 
ynLS to go and viiit his books, and not 
iindihg the apai*tment where he had left 
it, he wen^Miii one coriier of the houfe 
to theoiher in queft of his ftudy. Qom- 
ifag to the place where the door ilood, 
he endeavoured but in vain to get in, 
and caft his eyes ail arobnd without ut- 
tering one (yllable; but after he had fpeht 
fbme time in this fort of exafnination, 
lie inquired of his houfekeeper where- 
abouts he might find his book-clofet. 
She being well inftru£led, readily an 


fight and vanquifli in fingle bahle si 
certain knight, whom he favours, hi 
fpite of all he can do to prevent my 
fuccefs ; and for this reiiion, he en- 
deavours to give me every mortifica- 
tioti id his flower; but let mt tell hint 
he won't find it aii ei{y matter to 
contradict oir evade what Heaven has 
decreed.'-^* Who ever doiibtcd that?' 
f^d the niece; * bxit what buflnefd 
have you, dear uncle, with thefequar* 
rels ? Would it not be better to live 
in peace at home, than to ftray up atid 
down the world in fearch of fuperfine 
bread, without confidering that many 
a one goes out for wool, and corner 
home quite fliorn.'— * My" dear niece,* 
eplied Don Quixote, * ydu ate altoge- 
ther out of your reckoning. Before. 
I be (horn, I will pull and pltick off 
the beards of all thofe who pretend td 
touch a Angle hair of my muftacho.*' 
The tvvo women did not chufe t6 
niake any farther anfwer, becaufe rhey 
perceived that his choler was very rtilch 

fwered, * What clofet, or what nothiilg inflamed. After this tran faction, how- 
is your worfliip in fearch of? There ever, he ftald at home fifteen days iii 
are neither books noir clofet in this great traiiquillity, Without giving the* 
houfe ; for the devil hitnfelf has riln Ifcaft fign or inclination to repeat hisfol- 
away with both. ^ — « It was not the ly; during which time, many infinitely 
devil,* cried the niece, < but an iii- cfi verting con verfationd pafied between 
chanter that conveyed himfelf hither Him ahdhis friends, the curate and the 
in a cloud, Ofie xiight after your iVor- barber : wherisiil he obftrlred, that the 
iliip^s departure, aiid alightiiig from a ^orld was in watit of nothing ib riiuch 
dragon oh which he Was inoiinted, as of knights -errant, and that in him 
entered the clofet, whef-e I know not this honourable order was revived. The^ 
what he did, but having (taid A vtry clergyman fometimes contradicted hitn^ 
little while, he came fiyiiig through and fometimes afiented to what he faid^' 
the roof, leaving the whole houfe full becaufe, without this artful - coirduOj. 
of fmoke* And when we went to fee he would have had no chance of bring-' 
what he had done, we could neither ing him to reafon. 
find books nor clofet ; only the houie- About iliis time, tod, the knigUt tamik 
keeper and I can very well remember, pered with a peafant in the neighbour^ 
that when the old wicked conjurer went hood; a very noneft fellowj if a poor 
away, he cried in a loud voice, that for hian inay deferve that title, but one wh<> 
the hatred heboretothemafterof thofe had a very fmall quantity of brains iii 
books and clofet, he had done that his fktill. In fhort, he faid fo /tiuch^ 
mifchief, which would afterwards ap- iifed fo mariy aigiiments to perfuade^ 
pear : he faid alfd, that his name v^as and promifed him fuch mountains of 
the fage Mun^tori.'i-^* You mean wealth, that this poor fimpleton deter* 
Freftori,* faid Don Quixote. < I do mined to follow ahd ferve him irt qua- 
not khow,' anfwered tlie houfekeeper, lity of fquire. Among oth«r things, 
whether it was t'refton or Friton; but that he might be difpofed to engage' 
this I am cbrtaln of, that his name chearfully^ the knight told him that an 
ended ill ton.' — * The cafV then is ad ven tii feniightotie day happen jin which 
plain,* laid the knight * thai fafne (kke he fhould win fome iiland m the-twink- 




(fo was the countryman called) 



<f(pfertc(!'his wife 9nd children, and lUlcd. 
himrdf as Iiis neighbours fquire. 

Thus f^r fuccelsfuIjDonQmxotc took 
ineafuies for fupplying hirafelf with, 
jyoney, qndwhat by fdling one thing, 
i^ortgaging another, and making a 
gieat many very bad bargains, he raifed 
a tolerable Aim, At the fame time ac- 
commodating himfelf with a target, 
which be borrowed of a friend, and. 
{patching up the remains of his vizor as 
well ^s he could, he advertifed his fquire. 
S^cho of th^ day and hour in which. 
He refd.lved to fet out, that he mi^ht 
urovlde "himfelf with thofe things which. 
he. thought tpoft nect0ary for the occa-. 
f^QU} above all things, charging him to 
purchafe a wallet* Sancho promifed to 
ob,ey. his orders, and moreover faid be 
V<is relblved to carry alone with him an 
flxcellent afs which he h^u, as he was. 
i)Ot jefigned by nature to travel f^r on 

, With regard to the afs, Don Quixote 
qemurred a little, endeavouring to re- 
c^ile^ fome knight-errant who had en- 
tertained a. fquire mounted on an afs ; 
hut as no fuch inftance occurred to his 
memory, he was n^verthelefs determin- 

^ ^ to a[low it on this occaiion, on a 
4ippofi;Ion that be fhould be able to ac- 
commodate him y^itb a moi^e honour- 
2J^c carriage, by difinounting the firft 
4ifcourteous knight he fliould meet with. 
ik^ f Ifo laid in a ftore of linen, and every 
tKii^g elfe in his power, conformable to 
ti^e advice of the innkeeper^ 

Bvery thing beiqg thus iettled and ful- 
filled, Paj^za, withou t taking leave of his 
children and w'lTej and Bon Quixote, 
vjthout biddins adieu to his niece and 
hwfekeepef , faliicd forth from, the vil-. 
Jageone night, unpercei ved by any living 
ibul, and tr^ivelled fo hard, that before 
dawn they fgund themfelves fecuie from 
ail ^arch^ it any fuch had: been made : 
Sancho PaAf a journeying upon his afs 
^l^e^ yeperahle patriarch, with his wal- 
ht and leatliem bpttle, longing ex- 
tremely to fee himfelf fettled in the go- , 
y«rnin^tof that ifland which was pro - 
mifed to him by his maJler. 
^ The knight happened to take the 

. £ime rpute and follow the fame road 
ui which he ttaveiled. at his firft fallv 
through the £eld of Montiel, over which 
he now paifed with n^uch lefs pain than 
foioietlyt becaufe it was nbyv e^ly in 

the morning, the rays of the fun vrere 
more obliq^ue, confequently he was lef» 
difturbed by the heat. It washereabouty 
that Sancho firft opened his mouth, 
faying to his mafter, ' Sir knight -er- 
' rant, I hope your worfliip wiU not 
forget that fame ifland which yoa 
have promifed me, and which I war-^ 
rant myfelf able to govern, let it he 
as great as it will/ To this remon* 
France Don Quixote replied, « You 
muft know, friend Sancho Pan2a» 
that it was an ellablilhed cu/lom amone 
the ancient knights-errant, to inveft 
their fquires with the government of 
fuch iflands and kingdon^ M they had 
laid under their fubjeflion j and X 
am firmly refolvcd, that fuch a grate- 
ful practice (hall never fail in me^ 
who, on the contrary, mean to im- 
prove it by my gencrofity j for they 
ibmetimes, nay generally, waited un- 
til their fquires turned grey-haire^t 
and then,after they were worn out with 
fervice, and had endured many dif- 
mal days and doleful nights, be- 
llowed upon them the title of couji^ 
or marquis, at leaft of fome valley or 
province, mpre or lefs j but if Hea- 
ven fpares thy life and mine, before 
fix days be! at an end, I may chance ta 
acquire fuch a kingdom as (hall have 
others depending upon it, as if «c« 
prefsly defigned for thee to be crown- 
ed fovereign in one of them. And. 
thpi^ ougbted not to be furprized, that 
fuch incidents and accidents bappea 
to knights-errant, by means never bc'^ 
fo;-e kiiown or conceived, as will 
enable me even to exceed my promile.* 
«— * In that cafe,* replied Sancho Pan* 
za, ' if I fliould ever become a king» 

* by any of thofe miracles which your 
f worlhip mentions, my duck Juana 
' Gutierez would alfo be a que^, ax)d 

* each of my daughters an infanta.'"*^— 

* Certainly,^ faid the knight; * who 
' doubts that?'— « That do I,' faid the 
(quii^ ; ' for certain I am, that thougi^ 

* it were to rain kingdoms upon the 
' earth, hot one of them would fit feem<« 

* ly on the head of Mary Gutierea • $ 

* your worihip rouft know, (he is not 
^ worth a farthing for a queen { (he 
' might do indeed for a countefs, with 
< the blefling of God, and good ailift- 

* ance.'— < Recommend the matter to 

* Providence,* replied Pod Q^ixptej^ 

* How comes Juana to be to fuddenly metamorphQlffd lAto Mary ^ 

^ which 

FlltrHI . FiUinxdu&>Aili»cci,VBk™l^ ■>' f^' 




t^ich IvOi Mlowi^Mm thee^rliftt will 
ht beft adapted to tby cap«c!ty $ but 
let taoc Uiy foul be fo far debafed, as 
to content itietf with any thing iefs 
than a vice-royalty.'—* That I wUl 
not»* anfwered Sancho» * eipecially 
as I have a powerful mafter m your 
worihtp, who "will load me with as 
much preferment as I con oonveiiiently 



rl the midft of this their converfttion, 
they difcovered thirty or forty wind- 
imils all together on the piain, which 
the knieht no Iboner perceived, than he 
Aud to his A}utre) * Chance has con- 
diluted our affairs even better than we 
could either wi(h or hope for; look 
there, friend Sancho, and behold 
thirty or forty outrageous giants, with 
whom I intend to engage in battle, 
and put every foul of them to death, 
Co that we may begin to enrich our* 
felves wtt^ their fpoils ; for it is a 
raerieorious warfare, and lervioeable 
both to God and man, to extirpate 
iWch a wicked race from the face of 
the earth.'-- < What giants do you 
mean?* faid Sancho Panaa in amaze. 
Thofe you fee yonder,' replied his 
|naftcr, * with vaft extended ai'ms; 
fojne '>f which arc two leagues long.* 
<* I would your worOiip would take 
notice,* replied Sancho, * that tho(e 
you fee yonder are no giants, but 
wind-mills J and what feem arms to 
you, ar^ fails, which being turned 
with the wind, make the mill ftone 
work.'-i— * It feems very plain/ faid 
he knight, ' that you are but a novice 
in adventures; thele I affirm to be 
gknts, and if thou art afraid, get out 
of the reach of danger, and put up 
thy prayers for me, while I join with 
them in fierce and unequal combat.' 
So faying, he put fpurs to his fteed 
Koeinante, without paying the leaft re- 
gard to the cries of his fiquire Sanchb, 
wi^ nfTBfed h?m> thsu tl^ie ^ was go- 

ing to attack were no giants* bat ii* 
oocent wind- mills : birt he was fo mueh 
pofieffed with the opinion that they were 
giants, that he neither heard the advice 
of his fquire Sancho, nor would ufe the 
intelligence of his own eyes, though he 
was very near them i on the contmry, 
when he approachol them, he called 
aloud, * Fly Dot, ye bafe and cowardly 
' mifcreants, for he is but a fiagfe 
' knight who now attacks you.' At 
that inflant a breeze of wind fprisgiag 
up, the great fails began to turn; which 
being perceived by Don Quixote, ' Tho* 

* you wield,* faid he, ' more arms than 

* ever belonged to the giant SriareiK,* I 

* will make you pay for your inference.* 
So faying, and heartily recoraiBending 
himfelf to his Lady Dulcinea» whom he 
implored to fucccHH* him in this emer- 
genty, braciqg on his' target, and fet* 
ting his lance in the reft, he put his Ro* 
cinante to full fpeed, and affauiting the 
neareft wimi^miil, tbruft it i^nto one of 
the fails, which was drove about by the 
wind with fo much fury, that the lance 
was fhivered to pieces, and both knight 
and fleed whirled aloft, and overthrown 
in very bad plight upon the plain, 

Sancho Panza rode as faft as the »(« 
could carry him to his afiiftanoe { and 
when he came upi found him unable to 
ftir, by reafon of the bmifes whioh he 
and Roztnante had Yeceived, < X^ord 
have mercy upon us !' (iiid the ^iie, 
did not I tell your worOtip to cormder 
well what you were about ? Did not 
I afTure you, they were no otb«r than 
windmills? Indeed, nobody could 
miftake them for any thing elfe, but 
one who has wind-mills in hit own 
head t'— < Pr'ythee, herld thy peaoe, 
friend Sancho,' replied Don Quixote ; 
the affairs of war ate tBore t»an -any 
thing fubje^t to change. How mueh 
more fo, as I beliieve, nay, am cer- 
tain, that the fage FreAon, who dole 
my clofet and books, has converted 
thofe giants into mills, In order to rob 
me of the honour of their overthrow; 
fiich is the enmiey Iw^ears me{ but, 
in the end, all his tl^eiK:heit>i» arts 
will but little avail againft the vigour 
of rayfword.'— * God's will he donel' 
eplied Sancho Panza, who helped him 
to rife and mount Roztnttnte^hat was al« 
moft disjointed* > 

While they converfed together upon 
what had happened, Jihey Allowed the 
road thitt leaib «o the|mfi( jof iiapicc ; 

Q a for 

^$6 'toOM <!jlTi;^bTlS. 

• ^r in that, which' wait Agreat thorough- permtdiony Stncho ffdjofted himflflf a| 
fare, as Don Quixote ohierved, it was well as he could upon his ais,* and taking 

• jnpofltble but they muA meet with ma- out the provifion with which he had 
xiy and divers adventures. As he Jogged ftuffed his wallet, he dropped behind his 
klong, a good deal concerned for fhe maftera good -way, and kept his jawii 

' lofs of his lance, he faid to his fquire, agoing as* he jogged. along, lifting the 

• 'I remember to have read of a Spanifh bottle to his Head, fram time to time^ 
^ knight, called Drego Perez de Vargos, with fo much fatisfaftion, that the; moft 
^ who, having broke his fworU in bat- pampered vintner of Malaga might have 

-* tie, tore off a mighty branch or envied his fituation. 

' ^ bough from an oak', with which he While he travelled in this manner. 

' f performed fuch wonders, and felled repeating his agreeable draughts, he ne- 

^ to many Moors, that he retained the ver thoug'^t of the promise virhich hi« 

* nntoc of Machuca, or the Feller, and mafter had made to him, nor confidered 
^ all his defcendants from that day for- it as a toil, but rather as a diverfion, to 

* ward, have gone by the name of Var- go in queft of adventures, how dangerous 
•^ gOB and Machuca. Thi^ circumftance uxver they might be » in fine, that night 

^ I mention to thee, becauie, from the they pai&d under a tuft of trees, froin 

' ^ firft afli or oak that I meet with, I one of which Don Quixote tore a wither- 

' ^ am refolved to rend as large and ftout .od branch to ferve inltead of a lanqe j and 

* a bough as that, with which I ex- fitted to it the iron head hehad taken fronv 
~ * pe6^,' and intend to perform fuch ex- that which was broken : all night long 

* ploits, as thou flialr think thyfelf ex- the knight clofed not an eye, but muled 
^ tremeiy happy in being thought wor- upon his Lady Dulcfnea, in order to ac- 

• f thv to fee, and give teltimony to feats commodate himfelf tawbat ha had read 
f otherwife incredible.*-—' By God*s of thole errants who had pafled many 

' f help,* fays Sancho, < 1 believe that fleeplefs nights in woods and defarts^ 

i * every thing will happen as your wor- entertaining themfelves with the remem- 

* (hip fays t but pray. Sir, lit a little brance of their miftrefles. 

' more upright : for you feem to lean This was not the cafe with Sattcho 

' f ftrangery to one fide, which muft pro- Panza, who^ belly being well reple- 

^ ' ceed from the bruifes you received in niflied, and that not wirh plantane^'wa- 

• * yourfali.*^-^ Thou art in the right,* ter, made but one nap of the whole 

• anfw^red Don Quixote 5 i and if I do night, and even then, would not have 
« '* not compUin of the pain it is becaiife waked, unJefs his mafter had called to 
'■^ k nights -errant 'ar« not permitted to him, notwithftanding the fun -beams 
- -f complain of any wound they receive, tl^at plajted upon bis face, and the fing* 

f even- though their bowels ftiould come ing of the birds, which in great num* 

. i odtof thieir bodies/-^' If that be the bera, and joyous melody, faluted the 

* cafe,! have nothingtoreply,* faid San- approach of the new day. The £HI: 

< cbo, but God knows, I (hould be |;lad thing he did when he gpt up, was to 
^ your woHhip would complain when vifit-his bottle, ^bich Ending qonfider- 

'< anything gives you pain ;'this I know, ^bly more lank than it was the night 

< that, for my own part, the fmalleft before, be was grievoufly afili£ked, be- 
' * plfi^k in the world would n[iake me caufe in the road that they pliriued, he 

^ c6mplain, if that law of not com- had no hopes of being able in a little 
'^ plaining does not reach to th^ fquiries ' time to fup'ply ifs defed. Don <^ix- 

• ^ aswellas the knighrs.* Don Quixote p.te refufing to 'breaki[a(|, becaufe, a^ 
•could not help fmiling at the fimplicity we have already fi^id, he regaled him- 
of his fqaire, to whom he gave per- ielfwith the favoury remembrance of 
ffiiflion to complain as much and a^ of- his irn^ilrefs, they purfued their journey. 

• ten as he pleaied, whether he had caufe towards th^pafs 3 which, aftei; three days. 
or no ; for, as yet, he had read nothing travelling, they difcovered. ' Here,* cri-' 
to the contrary in the hiitory of l^nlght- ed, Don Qu^ixoic, < here, brother S^n- 
errantry. . *i chp f an$^, w^, fliall be abl^ to dip 

Then 8ancho ohferving that it was * our b^ds up to tl;e elbpvys in what 

dinner-time, his matter told him, that '. is called adventure j Uut take notice, 

. for the' prefent' he h^d no occafion for ^ nl though thoii fee^ me be^ with tl^e 

-. food ; but that he« bra fquirej might go . * moft extreme danger, thou mi^ by 

toyi^u^swh^nheple^M, W^iththis < no ^nteani cye|i fp inUch ^& lay thy 

DON <jyiXOTE. 51 

*f laxA upon thy (Weed, with defign * her wnMigt/-- * Thb wiH'be wode 

.5 to defend me, unlefs I am aflsmlted * than the wmd-miUt/ cried Sanchof 

f by vulgar and low-botm antagonifts ; f for the; love of God 1 Sir> coniidcr 

-f in which cafe thou mayeft come to * that thefe are Benedictine friari j and 

' f my afliftance ; but if they are knights, * thole who are in the coach can be na 

f thou art by no means permitted or . * other than common travellen. Min4 

* liccnfed, by the laws of chivalry, to * what I fay, and confider what you do^ 

* give me the leaft fuccour, until thou f and let not thp devil deceive you.*«— 
' thyfelf haft received the hpnour of < I have told thee already, Sancho/ 
f knighthood */— ^ As. for that mat- replied Don Quixote, * that with regard 
f ter,*^. replied Sancho, < yow worihip f to adventures, thou art utterly i^no« 
5 ihall be obeyed to a tittle i fpr I am * rant : what I fay is true, and m % 

* a very peaceable man, and not at all * monunt thou fiialt be convinced.* 

f fond of naeddl ing with riots and quar- So laying, he rodeforward, and placed 

f reU* True, indeed, in the defence himfelf .in the middle of the higWay 

* of my own perfon, X ihall not pay through which the friars were to pafs | 
f much regard to the faid laws, feeing and men the thoup;ht them near e^ioueh 
f every one that is aggfieved is permitted to hear what he faid, he pronounced^ m 
f to defend himfelf hy all the laws of 9 Iqpd voice, * Monftrous and diaboli- 
f God axid man/r-** I fay nothing to * cal race ! furrender, this inftant, thofe 

• f the contrary^* replied JDon Quixote $ * high'-bom princelles, whqm you car- 

f but in the aiikir of afliftipg me ftgainft * ry captives in that coadi^ or prepate 

receive immediate death, as a Juft 

iment for your mifdeeds.* Tho 

immediately flopped ihort, aftc^ 

f your honour's command as ftri^lly as niihed as mucli at the ngure as at the 

.• I keep the lord's day/ difcourfe of JDon Quixote; to -which 

While they were engaged in this con- they replied, < Sir knight, we are neU 

Terfation, ^here appeared before . them t ther diabolical nor monftrous, but in- 

two Benedidine monks mounted upon * nocent monks of the order of St. Be- 

, dromedaries, for their mules were not . f nedi£(, who are going this way about 

much lefs, with their travelling fpefla- ' oi)r own a^airs ; neither do we know 

f (es and umbrellas ; after them came a ' pf any princefles that are carried cap- 

foach, accompanied by four or five pcQ- 1 tives in that coach /•-' Thefe fawn-' 

pie on horfeback, apd tvi^o mule-drivers ' ing fpeeches," faid Dan Quixote, (hall 

pn fctot. In this carriage, it was af- * not impofeupon me, who know too 

^rwards known, a Bifcayan lady was .1 well what a tixacherous pack ye are.* 

travelling to Seville to her hufhand, who . And without waiting for apy other re- 

vras bo>)nd to the Inditf with a rich ply, he put fpurs to Rozinantej and 

fargo. couching his lance, attacked the iirft 

Don Quij^ote no fooner putrceived the .friar with fuch fury and refolution, that 

. fiiars (who, though they travelled the if he had not thrown himfelf from his 

. fame road, were not of her company) . mule, he would have come to the ground 

than he faid to bis fqoire, < If I am Qot extremely ill -handled, not without fome 

. f very mnch roidaken, this will be the deiperate woimd, nay, perhaps ftone 

' f moii famous adventure that ever was d^ad. The fecond monk, wKo faw how 

. f l^nowp , for thofe black apparitions his companion had been treated, clap- 

\ on the road muft dovibtlefs be in- ped fpurs to the flanks ofhistrufly mule. 

f chanters, who are carrying off in that and flew through tlie field even fwifter 

* coach fome princefs they have ftolen ; than the wind. 

< and there is a necefl^ty for niy ex- Sancho Pan^a feeing the fiiar on tlie 

i ertipg my ^^hole powQ( i(i r^drefiln^ .groyi^d^ Itiapged from his afs with great 

* If ere Pqa Quixote lieems to have been too : for. though no fqulre was per- 
mitted to en^agp vvith a knight on hor(eback, yet they A^erc aUowed, and even tojoine^, 
Co aflfift their mailers when they were uohorfed or in danger, by mounting thism on frrih 
ileedir,^fttpi^yin|;jthem. N^ith arms, and wardinjg off the blows that were aime4 at them. 
Pavy Gam^ at ct^^ battie 0/ Ag^ncouit, loft hisl^ife in. defending Hfcnry V. of England, 
aod Saint Sevcrln met wUh the (ame fate in wai^in^ qS the t^iov^s t^at were aimed at 
^:as^l4 !• C|* irirancc, in the GiL^tlc of f avi^ 

52 POM pyiKOTl£f 

^lky» afti begifttolaff fo uncafe him mh^ Cumg Hat lie ^tnvM fidtiAaWF 

wilb tbi atnn»(t cUxtemy^. two of t\keh the caKriap to pafs ferwanl, but infifttf^ 

ftnraats cartie' tip^ and aflced fbt what upon thtir imnicdaate retarning to To* 

avafoB he ftri|k]9ed their mafter* The h^toy redtt in to Don Quixole, and hfr 

Iquire i«^Ued) that the cioaths Moclgdd ^ tag hold ct his lante» Ijpoka to kita^ 

lo him, at the i^ih that DoA Qgii^t^» thus, in bad Caftiliao, aad wor& Bif- 

lia lord, had won in battie i but the tiafan : * Get tfa^e gone, caVaiier 1 go 

•thars, who did nnt underftand raillery, 
nor knbw any thing of fpoiis and 
battles, £aMf Don Quixote at a good 
sKftance> tfdlung with tbe ladies in the 
coach^ west to loggerheads with San » 
ch6, whom they iSoiii overthrew | and, 
wdtboiit leaTing one haii^ of bis beard, 
sBamhtd him £6 unmercafnUy, that h^ 
lay ftr^ched upon the ground, wttfaout 
Icufe oriautiQii. Then, with the uc- 
IRoft diipatch, the fkiar mbiintcd, as pale 
as a 4ieee, «nd.«i«ioft- frightened to 
death f and no fooner found himftif on 
iMorfebacIc^ than he galloped towards hi& 
cemponiony wluo tarried at a good ^if- 
tance, to fee the iilue of tm ftian^e 
adventure, Howrrer, being joined a- 
gain, withottt waiting for the conclu^cAi 

to t^e devil, I say! vor, by the God 
that made her, if thou wiH not let the 
coach alone, che will kill thee daad^ 
at sure aa che was a Bifeiysn/ The 
knight^ underftandtng vary wdl whit 
he faid> luplied with gftat eompofure i 
If thou waft a gcntMinan^ asotouatt 
not, I would chafttfe thy infoknee 
andraihners, wntchedefeatare.**^*'! 
not agentleinan V i^Bplied the ^ifcayan 
I great choler ; < by God in heaven, 
thou iye(l> as I am n Chriftiant if 
thou wilt tlux)W away thy lance, and 
draw thy fword^ che will foon zta 
which be the better man*, fiif* 
cayan by land, gentlenian by teh* 
gentleman by da^il} and thou lieft| 
lo€^ yt, in thy throaty if thou zaydt 

«f it, they purfued their journey $ tnak- < ptfaerwilit.'**^* Hiou fliait iee that prt- 

Sng as many croffes as if the dcfvil iMud * fently, as Agmgis iaid,* replied I)ot| 

been at their backs. C^xote { who, throwing his iance up«r 

Don Quixote, in the mean time, at nn tbe ground, unfiieating his fwonl, 

we have already observed, was engaged fmd bracing «n his target, attacked the 

in c<onvcrfationwidi the lady in theooach^ Bifcayan with full r^foUitioin to put hiai)^ 

to whom he expreflfed himlelf in this fo death f . 

manner : < BeautifVil lady, you may noW His antagon^, w^o faw him ap« 

> diipofe of your own peribn according nroach, favn wonld have alighted fvotti 

< toyourpk^fure; for the pride of your nis mule, (which, being one of the 

• raviihers lies level with the ground, worft that ever was let out for Jiire, 
^ being overthrown foy this my invincf- could not mnch be depended upon $) 
' ble arm ) and that you may be at no but hefcarce had time to draw his fword| 
I difficulty in underftandii^ the name however, being Kitikiiy near the cOach, 
5 of your ddivercr, know that I am he fnatched out of it a cu(hibn, yft^UAi 
5 Don Quixote de La Mancha, Ipiight- ferved him a« n ^i«ld, and tb^n they 

• errant, adventurer and captive of tbe flew upon each other as two mortal ene- 
f unparalleled and beautiful Donna DuU <nie$. The reft of the ptfoplt who were 
f ctnca del Tobofo: and the only ac- prefent endeavoured, but in vain, to ap- 
i khowljpdgment I expeft for the bene- peafe thpm $ for the Bifcayan fwore, m 
f fit you have received, ii, that you re- his uncouth expreRionS, that if they did 

* turn to tiiat place, and preft^ning not leave Wm to -fight the hatrie,, he 

* yourfelf before my miftrefs, tell her would certainly murder his tniftrefa, and 
« what I have performed in behalf of eveiy body who (hould pretend to oji- 
f your liberty,' TThis whole addrefs of pofe it. The My in the coach, fur- 
the knight was overheard by a Bifcayan prized and frightened at what (he h^, 
fquire^ who adpompanied the coa9h» aisd ordered the coachman to drive a little 

• The literal meaning of the Sp*nf/h Is, ' Thou ftalt foon fee who is to carry the 
f cat to' the water :' or rather, in thie corrupted Bifcayan phrafe, • The water how foon 
f thou wilt fee, thai thou carrieft to the cat.* 

•f The behavfotir of J>ofl Quixote was cxaftly conformable to the rules of chttvalry : 
which, thotigh they hindered a knight /ix>m fighting lo armour with a (quire, did not pre- 
vent him from giving fatisi^ftion to an inferior^ at fwori and targrt y atid every f^oira 
Y^o wa» a|grkved had a right (0 4ems^ Us 



4$ut of tiie toady to a place from ivhence 
jflie could fee at a ditiaxice this rigorous 
engagement. In the courfe of which, 
th« Bifcayan beftowed fucb aiiuge ftroi&e 
upcMi the ihoulder of Don Quixote, 
that if it had not been for the defence of 
his buckler, he woilld have been cleft 
down to his girdle* The knight feeling . 
the (hock of fuch an unconfcionable 
blow, exclaimed aloud, < O Dulcinea ! 

* lady of my foul, thau roTe of beauty, 

* fuccour thy knight, who, for the fa- 
*■ tisfa£lion of diy exceffive goodnefs, is 
' now involved in this dreadful emer- 

* geticy«* To pronounce thefe words, 
to raife his fword, to fecure himfelf with 
hii target, ind attack the Biibayan^ was 
the work of one inftant ) for he was de- 
termined to rifle his a}l upon a fingle 
ftroke. His antagoqiil, who faw mm 
advance, and by thi^ time was convinced 
of his courage by his refolution, deter- 
mined to follow his example ; and co- 
Yering himfelf with his cumion, waited 
his aUault, without being able to turn his 
mule either on one fide or the other; for 
^ was already fo jaded^aBd £0 little ac^ 
ctiftomed to fuch paftim'e, |hat ihe would 
npt move one ftep out of the way* 

' DonQuixotCj then, as vve have faid,. 
advanced againft tlie cautious Bilcayan, 
his fword lifted up with an intention 
ip cleave bun tbr«u]g;)i tk« middle : the 

£ifbayan waited his attack in Hie fam^ 
pofture, being fliielded with his cufliion. 
The frightened bye-ftranders flood a- 
Iqof, intent ujvon the' fuceefs of thoib 
mighty ftrokes that tbfeatened each of 
the combatants j and the lady in the 
coach, with the reft of her attendants^ 
put up a thoufand prayers to Heaven^ 
and vowed an offering to every image, 
and houfe of devotion in Spain, pro- 
vided God would deliver the fquire and 
them from the imminent danger in which 
they were : but the misfortune is, that 
in this very critical inftant, the author of 
the hiftory has left this battle in fu- 

Jrenfe, excufing himfelf, that he*coiiI4' 
nd no other account of Don Quixote*^ 
exploits^ but what has already been re- 
lated. Trjie it is, that the fecond au- 
thor of thh work could not believe that 
fuch a curious hiftory was configned to 
oblivion ; nor, that there could be fuch 
a fcarcity of curious virtuofi in LaMan- 
cha, but that ,fome papers relating tar 
this famous knight (hould be found in 
their archives or cabinets : and therefore^ 
poifefTed of this opinion, he .did not de- 
fpair of finding the concluHon of this 
clelightfyl hiftory, whif 1^ indeed lie ^ttry 
providentially Ugbted upoD, in the man- 
ner which will be i«Uted in the fecond 
book* ^ 


- , ' 



_ _ _ ^^ 


T tt E 






^ART L Bdok lU 

CH A P. I. 


-^*W*^ N the firft book of this hif- 

\^ J^ ^°J7 ^* ^^^ *^® valiant 

j^ I iT Bift:ayati and rehovirned 
if jq, p ^O" Quixote with their 
>^/'^v^jfr gleaming fwordsbrandifli- 
td aloft, about to difcharge two fuch 
furious ftrokeS> as muft (if they had 
cut (heer) have cleft them both afunder 
from top to toe, like a couple of pome- 
granates ; and in this dubious and cri- 
tical conjuflure, the delicious hiftory 
abruptly breaks off, without our being 
informed by the author where or how 
that which is wanting may be found. 

I was not a little concerned at this 
difappoihtment) for the pleafure I enjoy- 
ed in the little I had read, was changed 
into difgufty when I refle6^ed on the 
imall profpe^l I had of finding the greater 
part of this reliihing ftory^ which in niy 
opinion was loft: and yet it feemed 
impoillble, and contrary to every laud- 
able cuftom, that fuch an excellent 
knight fhould be unprovided with fbme 
iage to undertake the hiftory of lys an<^ 

h^ard-of exploits I i. coiiv^iience wfiiclir 
none of thofe knights -errant, 'who wenf 
in queft of adventures, ever wanted,' 
eath of them having b^eh accommodat- 
ed with one or two fiecromancers, on^ 
ptirpofe to retord not only his atchieve- 
itients, but even his moft hfdden thoffgbtl' 
and amufements. Surely, then, fuch si 
compleat errant could not be fo unluck j^ 
as to v<^ant that, which even Platil, and 
other fuch fecond-rate warriors, enjoyed. 
I could not therefore prevail iipori 
myfelf to believe that fuch a fpirited nif- 
tory was left fq lame and unfiniflied, 
but laid the whole blame on the malig- 
nity of time, which waftes and devours 
all things, and by which, no doubt, 
this was either confumed or concealed i 
on the other hand, I confidered, thatacr 
fome books had been found in his li- 
brary fo modern as the Undeceptions of 
Jealoufy, together with the Nymphs and 
Shepherds of Henares ; his oWn hiftory"^ 
muft alfo be of a modern date, aAd the 
circumftances, though not committed to 
writing, ftill freih in the memory of hit 
neighbotfrs andtownfmen. This con->' 
fideration perplexed and iitfiamed me' 
with the dwre of knowing the true and 
genuine aqcotintof the life and wonder- 
ful exploits of our Spahiih worthy JDotf 
Quixote de X«a Mancha, the fun and 
jntrror of Mancbegan chivalry j the iirfli 

i»bN <^ij^ot^. 



wltQy . in this, our age, and thefe de^reQe- 
fate times, undertook the toil and exer- 
tUe of er/antry ajid arms, to redrefs 
grievance45 Aipport the widow, and pro- 
^€^ tfaofe daiiirels who flroU about with 
Whip and.palfreyi from hill to hill, and 
fiiom dale to dale; on the iireiigth o^tHeir 
vii^inity alone t for ik tinies paft, unlcfs 
ibme libidinous clown with hatchet, and 
Inorrion^ or monftrousgianty forced her 
to his brutal wiihes, a damfel might have; 
lived fourfcore years, without ever lying 
under aiiy other cover than that of hea- 
▼en, and tben gone to her grave as good 
9 maiden ^s the mtither that bOre her. 
I fay, therefore, that for thefe and many 
Qther confiderations, our gallant Don 
Quixote merits inceflant apd immortal 
praife; and. even I myfelf may claim 
ibme (hare, for my labour and diligence 
in finding the concluQpn ot this agree- 
able hiiiory; though 1 ara v(fell aware, 
that if I had not b^n favoured by for- 
tune, chance, or Piiovidence, the world 
vrould have been deprived of that plea- 
fure and fatiafaaion which the attentive 
i-eader may enjoy for an hour or two, in 
perufing what followsi : the manner of 
iny finding it I will ndw recount. 

While! was walking one day on the 
Exchange of Toledo, a boy coming up 
\o a certain mercer, offered to fell him a 
bundle of old papers he had in bis handt 

!iow, as I have sdways a fb*one propen- 
ity to r^d even thole fcraps that fome- 
tiines fly abqut the ftreets,- I was led by 
this my natural curiofity, to turn over 
fome of the leans ; I fouhd them \h-it- 
ten in Afgbick, which not being able 
to read, though I knew the chara^lers^ 
I looked about for ibme Portuguefe 
Moor who (houid linderftand it$ and^ 
jndeed, though the language had been 
both more elegant, and ancient, t might 
eafily have found an interpreter* In 
thort, I lightfd npon One, to whom ex- 
prefling my defire, and putting the pam- 
phlet into his hands, he opened it in the 
{Biddle,and after having read a few linefj 
began to laugh ; when I afk^d the caufe 
of his laughter, he iaid it was occaiToned 
by a whimfical annotation in the mar-^ 
gin of the book; I begged be would 
tell me what it was, imfwcrcd, 
ftiU laughing, « What I find written iii 
* the mai'gio, is to this purpose i *< this 
** fame dolcincab fo often mentioned in 
r the faiftory, is (aid to have had the 
'' befthand at faltingpork of any wo- 
5* nan in La Mancha.** 

. Not a little furprizedl at (ioaring DuP 
cinea del Tobofo mentioned, I imme- 
diately conjefiured that the bundle ac-- 
tuaily contained^ the hiftory of Doa 
Quixote. PofTeffed with this notion,' I 
Sade hinii with great ea|;ernefs, read the 
title^age,^ ^!^i^. listing perufed, he 
tranuated it extempk>re from Arabick to 
Spanifli, in thefe words s * The Hiftory 
*. of Don Quixote dthz Mancha, writ* 

* ten by Cid Himet Benengeli, an Ara- 

* bian author.' No fmall difcrttion wat 
requiiite to dldtmble th^ fitisfadlion I 
felt, when my ears were faluted with 
the title of thefe papers, which, inatch- 
ing from the nialter, I immediately 
bought in the lump for half a rial ; 
thoug;h| if the owner had been cuhnine 
enough to eagemefs to poi* 
fefs them, he might have laid his ac« 
count with getting twelve times the funi 
6y the bargain. \ , ... 

I thei) retired witK my Moor tfirougfi 
the doifiers of the cathedral, and defired 
him to trandate all thofe papers that re* 
iated to Don Q^^ixote into the Caftilian 
t6ngue, without addition or diminution, 
offering to pay anything he ffaould charge 
for his labour : his demand was limited 
to two quarters of raifins, and as many 
bulheis ^f wheat, for which he promifed 
to ^ranilate them with great carei ^on- 
cifenefs, and fidelity : but I, the more 
to facilitate the biifioefs without parting 
with fuch a rich prize, conduced him to 
my o^n hoiufe, where^ in little lefs thaft 
fix weeks, he tranflated the wliole, in 
the fame manner as (hall here be related; 

In the firit fheet was painted to th« 
life the battle betwixt 0on Quixote and 
the Bilcayan, who were reprefented ini 
the fame pofture as the hiftory has al« 
^eady ddcribed, their fwords brandifhed 
aloft, one of the antagonifts covered with 
his (hield, the other with his Cu(hi6u« 
and the filifcayan's mule fb naturally fet 
forth, that you might have known her 
to hai^e been an hireling, at the diftance 
of a bow-fhot. Under the feet of her 
rider Was a label containing thefe words, 

* Don Sancho de Azpetiai,* which was 
doubtlefs his name} and beneath our 
knight vf^s another^ with the. title of 

* Don Quixote.* Roainante was moft 
Wonderfully delineated, £0 long and 
raw-boned| &> lank and meagre, fii 
fliarp in th'^back^ and confumptive, that: 
dne migiit eaiily perceive, with what 
piiojuiety and peiietiatton the naime of 
Roainante had peen beftowcd upon hiniV 


DOM Q^lifd'tEi 


• * • > 

Hard by the ftecd v(tis Sahcho Fan^a, his gdod geniviSj whicli pfdeh^ MuT 
holding his afs by the halter, at whofe for thightier things^ turned the Mordkof 
feet was a third libel, infcribed < Sanch^ his antaj;onift ahde, f6 that though h' 
' Zlncas,^ who, in the ^i£l:tire v^as re* fell upon his left ihoahler^ it dra no 
dreibnted as a perfon of a ihort ftatuils, other damage than dtiarm that wbi^e 
iwag belly, and long fpindle*lh^nks t Ude, flicingoffin it^s pftflagethegfeftl- 
fbr this reafon he ought to be called in* eft part of his helmet, with halfdF his 
difcriminately by the names of Panza* ear, ^hith fell to the grotind with ^de- 
and Zanchasj for by both thefe fur- bus ruin, leaving him in aTeryuncom- 
liames is be fometimes mentioned in hif- ibrtabie fituation. Good Heavens! whertf 
tbry. h thfe man who cm wwrtWfy cKprefs fh» 

There wtrc divers other minute cfr- lage and indignation wluch entered into 
cumftances to be obferved, but all of the heart of our M^nvhe^an, when he 
them of fmall importance and concern hw hirifi(elf handled in this manner ! I 
to the tmth of the hiftbry, though, in- ihall only fay, his fury viras foch, that 
deed, nothing that is true can be imper- hiifirig himfelf again in his fttrrups, aAd 
ttneut : however, if any obje^ion can gra&ing his fword with both hands, he 
tie ftarted to the truth of this, it can be dKcTxarg^d it fb full upon the cttlhioii' 
no other, but that the author was an and head of the Btfcayan, which it but 
Arabian, of a nation but too much ad- Hi-defended^ that. Its if a nfountain had 
dt£ied to falfhoQd, though, as they are fallen upon him, he began to fpoitt 
aU preient our enemies, it may be fup- blood from bis noftrits, mouth, and 
pofed, thac he has rather failed than ex-* ears*, and feemed ready to fall from hi» 
Ceede^ in the rcprefcntation of our hero's ihule, which would certainly have hteen 
exploits ; for, m my opinion^ when he the cafe, if he had not laid hold of tte 
had freijuently op|^ortuhities and calls ttntfkt ye^, notwitbftandin^ this'efiSSr^^ 
to exerciie his pen m the praile of fuch Ms feetfklltng out ^ the ftiitups, And 
an illuftrious knight, he feems to be in- htS arms quitting; tlMir hold^ the mtit^^ 
duflnoufly filent on the fubjeft 5 a cir- which was frightened at the terrible 
CUmftance very little to his commenda- ftroke, began to run acml^ the iie!d, 
tion, for all hfftorians ought to be punc- and after a few plunges* came with her 
tual, candid, and difpTilionate, that hei* mafter to the ^ro«iY^. Doif X}uik6te, 
ther intereft, rancour, fear, or affisftion, who fat obfelrving him with grtat trfcn* 
inaymiflead them from the road of Truth, quillity; no fooner perceived Wm fW!^ 
ivhofe mothet is Hiftory, that riv^I of than leaping from his horfe, hfi rftn up 
Time, that repofitory of great a^ons, to him with great agility, ^nd fetiing 
Witncfs of the paft, exanjpie and pattern the point of his fwwd to hMhroiUrbiiKle 
of the prefent, and oracle of future afges. hittt furrenderon painof IjjP^lft^ ^^^ 
Xn this, I know, will be found whatfo- cm off. The Biftayan vWv to) con- 
ever can be e3Cpe£led in the moftpleafant foimdi6d by the blow and f^li He had 
tlerformance j and if any thing feems fu(tatned, that he could not anfWer 'one 
imperfed, I afftm it muft be owing to iyilable^ and < as Don (^Htotte wa* 
thetaultof the infidel it's author, rather blinded by hi* rage, he would have 
than to any failure of the fubjegt itfelf : fared very il 1, if the ladies of fttc coach| 
in fhort, the fecondbook in the tranflk- ivho hadnitherto,in^reattfonftern»ony 
tibn b£gins thus — been fpeftator^ of the battle^ had not 

The flaming fwords of the two valiant run to the place where he was, and re- 

and incenfed combatants, brandiihed in quefted, with the moft fervent entreaties^ 

the air, feemed to threaten heaven, eaigh, that hi^ worfhip wduld grant them thd 

iind hell, fuch was the rage and reiblu - favour to fpare the life of their fquhre. 

feon of thofe that wielded them 5 but the To this petition the knight replied^ 

jfirft blow was difcharged by the chole- with great Itatelinefs and gravity, * Af- 

rick Bifcayan, V<^ho ttruck with fuch ■ furedly, moft beautiful ladies, I am 

force and fury, that if the blade had not « very i*eady to do wh*t you defire, but 

turned by * tl;je ' way , that fingle ftroke * it fhail be upon condition Sind provilb> 

ViTould have been fufticient to have put * that this cavalier promife to jgo ftraight 

TCn end to this dreadfal conftift* and all < to Tobofo, and prefent himfelf in my 

the other adventures of our kni^htj but * behalf, before the unparalleled JOonni 

.Av **Panza, ui CaftiUan, flgnifies Jtaunch ^ and sancaSf'fpmdIe-ihaBkt* 

< Dulcinei^ 



»* Buldnea, th^t tie may ufe him ac* 

- ■ ccNrding ^o her good pleafurc* The 
,ti{^pr9U9.fQd difconrolate ladieSi witb- 
.out eotenng into the Retail ot what 
Pon Quixote deiired| or enouiring who 
this pulcinea was, promiied that the 
iquire ihould obey the knight's com- 
o^ands in ei^ery thing, < Upon the 

* faith of your word, then,' faid Don 
Qgjxotei * I will do him no farther 

* damage, though l|e has richly de- 
. < lerired It at my hand/ 

CHAP. .II. . 


Ah h this time Sancho Panza hav- 
ing got up, though very roughly 
liandled by the lacquies qf the friars, 

. ftpod very attentively beholding the 
battje of his msifUt "Don Quixote, and 
put up ejacujatory petitions to heaven* 

• that it would plf;.ale to grant him the 
vi£lory, and that he might gain by it 
fome ifland, of which he bimielf might 
be made governor, in eoniequence of 

. the knight's prpmife* Seeing therefore 
the battle ended, and his master re- 
turning tp mount Rozinai|te| he went to 
hold his iUrrup, and before he got up« 
fell on hip knees before him, then lay* 
iog hold of his hand» and kiiHng it, 
pronounced with great fervency^ * Sir 
' Don Q|]ixote, wUl your worih;p be 

* picajed io bjsftow on me the govern- 
f mentof tnat ijland which you have 

* ^on in this dreadful combat j for let 
^ it be ever fo great, I iiud I l^ave 
^ iirength enough tp go^Fem it, as well 

* as any he who governs an .iflan4 in 

* this world/ To this. re<|ueft Don 
. Quixote replied^ * You muft know, 

f t?rother Sancho, th:^t/uch as tbe(e are 
. i> not adventures of iilands, but frays 
. 4 tha^ happen in bye*roadS} in w)iich 

' there i^ nothing to be got but a bro<« 
. -4 ken head, with the lofs of an eai-| 

* have a Uttle patience, and we ftiali 
< meet with adventuce^ which yiil e^a- 

* ble B)e to.make ypu not only a. go-. 
*'.vernor, bukfumething-more.* San? 
<ho made him many hearty acknow- 
ledgments for his promife, then kii£ne 

his hand ^ffin^ aiid his^ coat of mai], 
hdped him to ipount Rozinante i and 
he himfelf getting ujpou his afs, fol- 
lowed his mafter, who fet off at a roun4 
pace, and without bidding adieu^ qr 
ipeaking one fyllable to thofe in 'the 
CQach> entered a wood that was in the 

Sancho followed liim as hard as hit 
beaft would trot i but Rofinante ex- 
erted fuch A)eed, that feemg himfelf 
left behind, he was obliged to call to hjs 
mafter to wait for him.' The knight 
complied with bis requeft, and checkefl 
his horfe until he was overtaken by his 
weary fquire; who, when He approach- 
ed him» ' Sir,* faid he, ' methinks it 
^ would be the wiieft cot^rfe for ustp 
/ retreat to fome Church ; for as he with 
' whom you fought remains but ifi A 

* forry condition, it is odds but they 
' inform the holy • brotherhood of the 

* affair*, and have us apprehended; 

* and verily, if they do, before we get 

* out of prifon we may chance to fweat 

* for it.*—* teace, Sancho,' faid Doa 
Quixote, * where didft tho^ ever fee qr 

* near, that a knight-errant was brougl^t 

* to juftice for thegreateft homicides h^ 

< had committed ?' — ' I know nothing 

* of your honey-feeds,' anfwered San- 
cho, < nor in my life did I ever fee one 

* of them ^ this only I know, that the 

* holy brotherhood commonly looks af- 

< ter ihofe who quarrel and fight up and 

* down the country j and as (o the other 

< affair, I have no bufipefsto intermed- 
'« die in it.' ' 

* Set your heart at cafe then, frjend 

* Sancho,' replied Don Quixote/ * ^r 

< I will deliver you from the hands pf 
f the FhiliiUnesi much more from the 

* clutches of the brotherhood^ but.tdil 

* me, on thy life, haii thpii ever feenji 

* more valiant knight than me in any 
, * country of the known world ? Haft 

* thou ever read in Itory of any other 

* who poilelTes^ ca* ^as poflefledy mofe 

< courage in attacking, more hreat]^ in 

* perievering, more d.extency in wound* 

* mgji and more agility in ^yerthrpv^^ing 

* his antagonift T— * The truth is,' an- 
fwered Sancho, * I never read fhiiory 
f fince I was born j for indeed I can 
.* neither read nor writer but ^j^hait I 

* will make bold to wagerupon is, that 

* a more daring malier than your wor- 

* Sanj^aHerm alidad was a bratherhood or fociety inftitix^ in Sj>ain la times of con- 
Iv&onj to fuppre^s r^bery, aod fender traveling Cife. 

, . Hi • ftip 



ftip T iiem ftnred in the days of my 
life) and I wi(h to 6ody that your 
courage may not meet with that re* 
ward I have already mentioned. 
What I beg of your worfliip' at pre- 
ieht is, tkat yovf would aildw me to 
drefs that ear, which1)leeds verymucH, 
for I ^ve got £bfne lint, ana a littfe 
white ointment in my ^Uet.*-^ 
TheCe woul4 have beet) 'altogether 
ncedlef$,' anfwered the knight, * if I 
had remembered to 'ma|;e a phial of 
the balfam of i^ierabras, one iingfe 
drop of which would faye abundance 
of time and trouble/-^* What fort 
of a phial and balfaip 1$ that?* faid 
$ancho Panza. * Jt is a balfam/ re 

* a pllon of it for left ttom three ri^lv* 
replied the knijght. * Sinner that I am I* 
cried Sancho, * what hinders your wor- 
< ikip from teaching me to make it this 

* moment Vr^* Hold thy tongue, friend^* 
fald tbe knight, * 1 intend to teach 
^ thee greater fecrets, and beftow upon 
f thee more conf^derable rewards than 

* that ; but, ip the mean timej^ let us 

* drefs my eas*, which pains me more 
« than i could wifli.' 

The fquire accordingly took Qut'hi9 
lint and ointment ; but when his maftet 
found that, his helmet was quite demo- 
liihed, he hs^d aimoft run Itark mad^ 
he laid his l^and upon his fword, and 
lifting up his hands to heaven, pTonouil- 

F' lied Don QUiixote, * the receipt of ced afoud, * I iwear by the Creator of 
which I retam in my memory,' and 

JB that poifeiTes the valuable compd 
(ion needs be in no fear of deatK, 
nbf think of perishing by any wound 
whatfoever: and therefore, when I 
(hall have made it, and delivered it 
into thy keeping, thou haft no more 
to doj" when thou feeft me in aiiy com- 
bat cut throuich the middle, a circum- 
ftancf! pat very often happens, but 
to fnatch up that part, of the bocfy 
which falls to theground, and before 
the blood ihall congeal, fet it upon the 
other half that remains' in the faddle, 
taking care to joip them with the ut- 
moft nicety ana exaftnefs j then mak- 
ing me fwkllow a couple of draughts 
6f the aforefaid balfam, thou wilt lee 
me, in a twinkling, as whole and a$ 
{bund as an apple.* 
* If that be the cafe,^ Ikid Sancho 
panza, * I henceforth renounce the go- 
vernment of that iiiahd yoy proniiied 
me, and defire no other reward for niy 
lone and faithful feryice, but that 
your worihip will give me the receipt 
of that fame m'oft exceeding liquor) 
for I imagine, that it will Cell ftir two 
rials an ounce at leaft, and that will 
be fufiicient to make me fpeiid the 
reft of my days in credit and eafe : 
but it will be necelfary to know if the 
cpmpoiitibn be coftly .'-t:' I can maJiLe 

* all things, and by ail that is wrftten 

* in the four holy evangel ifts ! to lead 

* the life which the great Marauis of 

* Mantua led, when he fwore to reyenge 

* the death of his coiifm Valdovino^ ; 
' neither to eat food upon a table, nor 
' enjoyhiswife, with many other things, 
' which, though I do not remember, I 

* Jpfire exprelfed, until I Aiall 

* have taken full vengeance upon him ' 

* who has done me this injury •.' San- 
cho hearing this invocation, ' Sir Doi^ 

* Quixote,' faid he, * I hope your wor- 
' (hip will consider, tlvat rf the knight 

* ftiall accomptifh what he was ordered 

* to do, namely, to prelent ^imfelf be- 

* fore ipy Lady Dmcinca ' de\ 'fqbo^b, 

* he will have done hU duty, aiU cer-' 

* tainly deferves no other punifiiment, 
< unlefs he commits a new crime. '•^' 

* Thou haft fpoke very much to the 

* purpofe, and hit the nail on the head,* 
replied Don Quixotes * therefore I an* 

* hul my oath, Co far as it regards my 

* revenge, but I make and Confirm 'it 

* anew^ to lead the life I have mention- 

* ed, uikil fuch time as I can take by 

* force as good -a helmet as this froo^ 

* fome other knight; and thou muft 

* not think, Sancho/ that t am noW. 
' making a fmoke of ftraw. } for I know 

* very well whom T imitate in this af- 
i fair$ the fame thing haying' literally 

t Thefe ridiculo^8 os^ths or yowi fre not coniSned to rem'aaces. Philip, the good 
Dvke of Bu^guhdy, it a'pablick bsinquet, vcM^ed to idod, the hbly virgin, the peticocky 
' afri the ladiesj that he would declare w^r agaidft th^ infidels j and a great Bumbcr of 
perfons who- were prefent, lifted themCslves under the fame vow, and incurred yoluiita^ 
penance until it ftioifld be accompl)/)ied«- Som^'fwore they .woul.4 never l\z t^pftpi a b^, 
others ren'onnced the ufe of a table-cloth, a third let obliged themfcives to faft one par* 
tictilar day in the week, a fourth went without one particular piece of armoor, a £fth 
wore hU armoornljKht and day, and many confined themfelves to ihirts of fackdoth 

andlhair. ' ^-^ ' '• ' • . — ^ -^ 

S happ^Md 

Don <t?Ix6'Pt. 


P happened aWit iSie lielmet of Mam- 
• %rino, whtch coft Sacripantc fo dear*.' 
^ Sir, SiTy replied Sancho^ with fome 
lieat, * I wiOi your worfhip would feAd 
f to the devil all fueh oath?, which are 
fo raifchievous to the health and pre- 
judicial to the con(ciepce$ for, tell 
me powy if we ihould not ftnd in ma- 
ny days, a man armed witli a helmet^ 
what muft we do ? muft we perforni 
this vow^ in fpite of all the rUbs and 
inconveniences in the way 5 fuch as 
to lie in one^s cloaths, and not to ikep 
in an inhabited place, with a thoufand 
other penances contained in theoatl) 
of that old mad Marquis ojF Klantii^, 
which your worlhip Aow wants to re- 
new? Pray, Sir, confider that there 
are no ardaod' people in thefe roads, 
nonebijf carriers and carters, which 
fiar from wearing helmets themfelyes, 
perhaps never heard of apy fuch thing 
during the whole cpurfeof their lives/ 
•— ♦ There thou art egregioufly mif- 
taken,' replied Don Quixote, f for^ 
btfore we are two hours in thefe crof$- 
ways. ipe (hall fee armed men inore 
numerous than thofe that came ^o 
AlbracW, in order to win Angelica the 
fair/— i^ On then, and be it fo,' faid 
£ancho, * and pray God we may fuc- 
ceed, an<{ that the time 'may com^ 
when we fliall gain tljat inland ^hich 
haft coft me 10 dear, and then I care 
not how foon I die.'—* 1 have al- 
ready advifed tlieej Sancho,? faid the 
knighti ^ to give fhyfelf no trouble 
about that aifair ; for, (hould we be 
difappointed in the expectation of an 
ifland, there is the kiii^on^ of Den- 
mark, or thj^t of Sobrediza> which 
will fuit thee as well a^ ever a ring 
fitted a ^nger, and ought to give thee 
f more joy, becaiife it is iituated on 
f Terira Firnaa : but let i^s leave thefe 

* tbiiitfttothedeteitiilnfltionoftime^aiiil 

< fee if thou haft got any thing tn tltjf 

* wallet 5 for we muft go prefently 111 

* queft of fome caftle, where we may 

* procure a night*s lodging, and tngre- 
f dients to make that fame balfam { 
f mentioned $ for, I vow to God I my 

* ear gjyes me infinite pain.' 

' I have got here in my bags,* faid 
Sancho, < an onion, a flice of cheel^, 
« and a few crufts of bread | but thele 
f are eatables which dq not fuit the pa- 
f }ate of fuch a valiant knight-errant 
f as your ^orlhip.'rr-* Ho whittle y6» 
f underftan'd of the matter V anfwered 
Don Quixote,' 5 Thou muft know» 
f Sancbo, that it is for the honour 

< of knights-errant, to abftain whole 

* months together from food, and when 

* they do esS, to be contented with what 

* is next at hand ; this thou wouldft not 

< have been ignorant of, hadft thou read 

* fo many hlftdrie? as I haveperufed^ 

* in which, numerous as %htf are, I 

< have never found any accoupt of 
5 knights-errant eating, except occa- 
f iionally, at fqme furfiptuo'us banquet 
f made on purpofe tor them ; at other 

* times, living upon air j and though it 
f muft be taken for granted, that they 
f could not altogether live without eat- 
^ ing, OF complying with the other ne- 
f celjities of nature^ being in effeft men 
f as we are; yet we aVe likewife to 
f conHder, tfiat' as the greateft part of 
? their Ijvei^ was fpent in travelling 

* through wopds and defarts, without 
1 any cobl^ or caterer, their ordinary 
f diet was no other than fuch ruftick 

* food as thou Haft now got for our 
? prefent oceafjonsf J therefore, friend 

* Sanfho, give' thyfelf np uncafmefs, 

* becaufe thou haft got nothing to gra- 

* tify the palate, nor feek to unhinge 

* ^f alter th? conftitution of things/ 

♦ Geoftroi dc I^an^on, having been injijred by the Cqui^t dc La Marche, fwore hy the 
faints thai he would wear his bufkin like a woniin, 'aWd never fuffer timfelf to be Aavod 
|n the manner of chivalry, until he (hould be rievenged. This oath He fcrupuloully ob- 
ferved, until he <a>y his adverfary, with his wife and chitdreny kneeling in diftpefs before 
« Iheking* and in^plbringhi^ fotgivenefs; then he called for a ftool, adjuftcd his buflcin, 
and was fh^ved in prefencp of his maieAy and all the courtt 

The kaight*fi forehead was commonly ih^ved, that in car« he ihould lofc his heliprt 
{n combat, his antagoi^il P)oul4 have no. hold b^ which |iq mi^ht be pulled q& his 
horfe* ' , . ' . . . ' 

•(• We read in Perce Foreft, that thcje were fl^t ftonea place^ ait certain d\ftf^ncci| iij 
fininhabi ted parts of the country, JTor 'the u(c of Jcnighis-errant'j who, having kill ed a 


WH c«fiXflTi 

Sanchot ' for ^s I c^n neitb^r read nar 

tfMjf have r^iftakep tl)^ nil^$ pf ypur 
knightly profe^op j bu^ frpra heQct^ 
forwarOf X will 4ore my b»idg0l with 
all ibiti Qf <)fy fpui^s for yoiir woribipy 
who are ^ l^^ight,, and for royfelf vbo 
fun wme, I will provide other more 
volatile and Ailpftantial food*.*-i"f*'I 
do not fay^ Sanpho, that knigbta-er« 
rant are obliged to eat nothing except 
thefe fniit9, but 9nly Aat their ipoft 
ordinary faftenance ia compoTod of 
them ai^d (omp certain herbs, wbi«K 
th^ knovv how ^o gather in the fieldl ) 
a u>ecie^ of knpvriedge which I my-' 
felt am np ftr^ngppr to/f««^ purely,* 
nfwered SanchP* * it it a great cooifort 
tp know thofe iamo berbt} for it 
comes inlQ my head, we ihall one day 
pr another have occaiion to make uie 

fome pieeea 9! ff«|> 4^ii tbat.wft 

bailing in akettl^i l^HttlfODghhelo^nd 
fiery much at th?^ in^nt to fee jF it 
was time to transfer then) frpm the ke^e 
to the belly, be chequed his curjofiiy, 
beci^uie the landb^d tpok them from the 
fire, and fpveading fomg ibeep.^uns 
i9pon the groMUdi fet oat their rqfllck 
table without, loft 9f time} inviting 
their two gueftstp a ibartof their niefe, 
with many qqprcinons of good-wj)! and 
hofpitality. Then tbofe whp beloi^ged 
to the CQt, being fiac in number, ieated 
themfelves round the flpns, having ^tik^ 
with their b^priih cwcfnpny, dejiired 
Pon Quiyote tP ^t d^wn on a trough, 
which tky had overtuf ned for that pur- 

The knight accepted t^eir ftlfer, and 
Sancho remained flinding, to ^dminfiOer 
the cup, which was made of horn | but 
his mafter perceiving him in this fitti- 

of the knqwledge;* and taking out tude,-* Thbo may'tt fee, Sanchp,* faid 

tiie contents of his wallet, they eat to- 
gether with gp«at harm^my and 6tif- 
Ki^on i but, being defirous of finding 
fome pUce for their night^s lodging, they 
jKniihed their humble repait in n huny, 
nnd mounting their beaft<, put on at' a 
good rate, in order to rea<m fpme viU 
£ige before it (hould be dark: but the 
hope oi gratifying that de^re filled them 
, with day-light, juft when they happened 
to be near a goatherd's hut, in which 
|hey reiblved to pafs the night i and in 
the fame proportion that Sancho vms 
^ifgufted at not being »ble to reach ipv^t 
yillage, his mafter was rejoiced at an 
opportunity of (leepifis under the cope 
pthe^iven, becapfe he looked upon eve- 
ry occafion of |his kind as an a^ of 
pofleiTion that ftrengthe^ed t^ep^PPf pf 
|kis knight -errj^i^y, 

CHAP, m, 


HE received a very hearty welcome 
from the gpatherds; and Sancho 
)iavingy as well as he could, accommo- 
dated Rozinante aijd his ais. was at- 
|ra£led by the odpur that i|Uie4 &p^ 

h^ * the bene/it which is concentene^ 
in knight- errantry $ and how ne^aJI 
thoie who exerciie themfelves in any 
ibrt of miniftry belonging to it, afc^o 
pmfermant and el^cem of the wffiida 
J defire thee to fit down here by my 
fide, in company with thefe wprihy 
people } and that thou roay^ft hfi pn 
an equal footing with me, thy natuval 
lord and mai^r, eating in the fame 
difll, and drinking out of the fame 
cup that I uie ) for what is fatd of 
love t|iay be ob&rved of knight •er- 
rantry, dial it puts all things upon n 
^ I. give you a thottfand thanks,^ faid 

Sancho I ' but I muft teil yx>\ir worfiilp 
that, provided ifaave plenty, Scan eat 
as much, naymoretomylatisfafi^ion, 
flanfiing cms «Dy legs^ and in my pwn 
company,. than if I was tp fit by she 
iid0 of an estpetorj,, and» if all the 
truth mu(t be told, I had much rather 
(Jine bymjr(4f in fL corner, though it 
(hould be upon a bit of bread ::nd'fLn 
oniops without all your niceties apd 
corei^opies, than «at turkey- cocks .a^ 
another man's table, where X am ob> 
iiged tp chew foftly, to drink fparing- 
l.y, to wipe my mouth every minute, 
to abftain from fneeting or coupl- 
ing, tho<ugh I ihould be never fo^ 
(nuch in^li^J ^o e.iti\er;^ ^n^ frpm^ ^ 

* Volatile, ^ tb^ ori^i^al* &^$fif. fl^ thin^ ilhat #y ) And tl^cefore Sancho flftay 
. tc fuppofcd to mca,p^ he.woiUd pipxi^ciiim^^ poultry | hat the blunder 

^hich we hs^ye njuda hing^ 9vmmjit ((^ms ^0 ^.^ in^ore i^ char«^ej> 


BGM (^titote. 


*' grtAt liiaiiy oAeir thln^, which I can 
*" freely do when alone $ theptfore, 8ir 

< mafter of niine, I hope thfeft honours 
' which your #orfliip would put upoh 
« Mac, as being tht ftnrant and abettor 

* of kntght-errantry> which to be fure I 

* am, ^ile I reni^in in quality of your 
« fquire, may be converted Into other 

* thing* of more cafe and advantage to 

< tiie, than thofe whitb, though I hold 
*' them as received in full, I renounce 
« from henceforth for ever, amen.'-^ 

* Thou muft neveitheleft fit thee down/ 
iaid his mafter ; < for him that 'A hum- 

< ble, God will exalt i* and, fei^ing him 
by the arm, he pulled him do^n to the 
(bat on which he himfelf fati 

The goatherds* who underft^ood not 
ar word of all this jargon of fquira and 
knights-eriabt, did nothing but eat in 
£lence, and gaze upon their guefts; 
who, wFth keen appetite, and infinite 
relilh^ (blaced their ftomachs, by fwal- 
iowing pieces as lahge as their fift84 
This fervice of meat being finifhed, 
they fpread upon thiir ikins great quaii. 
titles of acorns^ and half a cheeiif, 
harder than plainer of Paris : all this 
time the hom wa« not idle^ but went 
round fa faft, fometimes full, fome- 
times empty, like the buckets of a well, 
that they foon voided one of the two 
il^ins of wine that hung in view. 

Don Quixpte having fatisfied his ap» 
petite^ took up an handful of the acorns^ 
and after looking at them 'attentively, 
delivered himfelf to this purpole : ' Hap- 

* py.a{^and hapipy day* were thoui* 
' to which the amnents gave the name 
\ of goklen'} not that goid, which ib 

* thele Yior iron*tifmes is fo modi elteem- 
' ed, was to be acquired without trou- 

< bk, in that fojrtunate period | but 

< becauf^ p^ple then were ignorant of 

* thofe two words KiNB and thine i 
*'in ths^t facred age^ all things were in 

* common I ho" man 'was neceflitated^ 

< in fearch of his daily foodi to under- 

< go any other traume than that of 
^ ' reaching out hi& hand, and receiving 

' it from the fturdy oak, that liberal^ 
i«. invited hifl^ td. pull his fweet and fa- 

* lutary fruit. The limpid fountains 

* and murmuring rills afforded him 
' their favoury and tranfpai^nt waters 

* in magnificent abundance. In clefts 
' of^rocks and hdllow trees, the prudent 

< and induHfious bees forrilen th^ir 

* commonwealths, ofiering without in- 
t^ Usdk to every hand 'thc-frttttfal tar- 

* veft of their dclittons tell, flicftatdf 

< cork-trees voluntarily ftripped tfaem^ 

* felves of their light extended bark* 

* with which men began to cover their 
•' rural cottages, fupported upon ruflick 
' poleSj with a view only to defend 

* themlelves from the inclemencies of 

* the weather. All was then peace, all 

* was harmony, and all was friendfhip^ 
' As yet the ponderous coulter of the 
*' crcioked plough had not prefumed ta 

* open, or vifit the pious entrails t>f out 

* f\i& mother, who, without compul* 
» fion, prefbnted on evfery part of her 

* wide and fertile bofom, everything 

* that could faiisfy, fuftain, and de- 

< light her fons, who then pofTefRd he*** 
» Then did the fimple and beautiful 
» Ihepherdtflfes rove from hill tb hill, and 
' dale to dale, bare-headed, in their 
' braided locks, without any other 

* doaths than what wereneceffaiy to 

* covtr modefHy that which modefly 

* commands, and always has com- 

* mandcd to be covered. Neither were 

* their ornaments fuch as art uftd now- 

* a- days, enhanced in value by the 
' Tyrian purple, and the many-waya 

* martyred rilk,butcompofedofverdatit 

* dock-leates, and iiry inteHvove to- 

* getheri with which they appeal, 

* perhaps, with as great pomp and con- 
' trivance as the court ladies of ouif 

* days, drtfled in all the rafe and fo-' 

* itign fafhions which idle curiofity har 

* invented. Then were the amoro^ 
« diaates of the foul cxprefTed in fco- 

* fible finiplicity, jafl as they wei« 

* conceived, undifguifed by the artifi- 
« cial cloak of fpecious words. Thci* 
« was no fraud, no deceit, no malice 
« intermixed with plain-dealing truth j 
' juAice then kept within her proper 

* bounds, undiftuibed and unbiased by 

* intereft and favour, ^hich now im- 

* pair, confound, and perfecute ha- ib 
« much ; law was not then centered ia 
« in the arbitrary bofom of the judge, 
•for, at that time, there was neither 
« caufe nor contfett. Damfcis and dc« 

* cency, as I have already faid, went 

* about fingle, and without fear df be- 

* ing injured by infolence or lullj and 

* their ruin, when it happened, was the 
)» fruit of the?r owti will and pleafure. 
'' But, now-a-days, in this deteflable 

* age, no maid is fecure, though fhe 
^ was concealed -and 'fhut up in futh 

* another Jabyiinth as was that of Cret^g 
« fw, even there, the amorous' pefti- 



t>OK HpiXOfKi 

IeiicK» wkh the xnl of miichtevou* . 
importunity^ would enter, either by the 
help of wings, or by gliding through. 
ibiQe chink brother, and all her bar-, 
ricadoed chalilty would ^ to wreck. 
For the iecurity of this virtue, in pro- 
cefs of time, when ihifcHief gn!w to z, 
greater bead, the order of knight-er- 
rantry was firft inliituted to defend 
damiels, protect widows, aiid fuccour. 
the needy and the fatherlefs. This, 
order, brdther goatherds « I profefs^ 
and thank you for this kind enter* 
tainment and reception, which I and 
my fqiiire have received at your hands » 
for though, by the law ot nature, all 
mankind are obliged to favour and 
aAiil knights -errant, during the whole 
courie of tlieir lives j yet^ as you have 
ireceived and regaled nie, before you 
knewyourfelves to be under that obli- 
gation, I think it my duty to return 
' my nioft fincere acknowleaffihent for 

* your norpitaiity*. 

The whole of this tedious harangue^ 
which might very well have been fpared» 
was pronounced by our knight, becaufe 
the acorns they prefehted recalled to his 
memory the golden age : therefore he 
took it in his head to make thefe ufelefil 
v«fle£Uons to the ^oatherd^ ; who, with-^ 
out anfwering one fyllable, tiftfiried whht 
iufpenfe and ailonifliment. Sancho wa« 
TkKo filent, but kept his teeth employed 
vpon the acorns, and paid many a vifit 
to the {econd winebag j^ which, that th& 
contents might be the coolen was hung 
upon a cork-tree. Don C&ixote wa% 
feifs tedious in his difcourfe than at hit 
ineai# which being ended, one of the 
goatherds . faid, * That your worfhipt 

* knight-errant, may be cohvihced of 

* our readinefs and good -will to giv^ 

* you all the entertain inent in our power, 

* you (hall have the pleafufe and fatis^ 

* fa£lion of hearing a fong from one of 
« our companions, who will foon be here; 
' He is an under ftanding young iel low, 
' very much in love, who, moreover^. 
' can read and write, and play upoi) 

* the rebeck *, that it will delight you tq 

* hear him.* Scarce had the gcratherj 
pronounced thefe words, When their earg 
were faluted with a found of this inv 
firument, and prefently after appeared 
the mufician, who was a young fellow 
of about twenty, or twenty-two years 
•f age, and of a very graceful' appear* 

uice. His compamons etdttd hint if hi 
K«i fupped, and he anfwering m the' 
amrmative, one of them, who made tlic 
offer to the knight, faid to him, « If 
' that be the cafe, Antonio, you will 
do us the pleailire to fmg a fong, that 
this geritlenian, our gue(!, may fee 
there are fome, even among thefe 
woods and mountains, who under- 
ftand muiick. We have already in- 
formed him of thy uncommon talents^ 
and we defire tKou wouldft (hew them, 
in order to juftify what we have faid 
in thy praife j I therefore eameftly 
Bcfeech thee to fif dowtt and fmg the 
ballad of thy love, compbfed by thy 
uncle the curate, which is fo much 
commended in our village.'—:* With' 
all my heart,* replied th«B youfngman f 
who, without farther intreaty, fat down 
tipon the trunk o^ an ancient oak, ancf 
thrning his inftrument, began in a very 

§raceful manner to fing and afccomj^any 
le following fong. 

YOU lovei OlaOla* nay, adore mef 
In fpite of all your art I know iy 
Although you never fmile before me. 
And neither tongue nor eyes avow it* 


f oVf lure to flight a lover's paWIon. 

So try'*^a« that which lives this hfeart In/ 
We're but fmall proof bf penetration' ; 

And that you are no fdoi iscertais; 

Sometimes, iifdee<l, ^d *c}s aitfasiti|', 
I'ho* prov*d by evidence of twenty, 

You've plainly ihewn your foul was braeen^ 
And eke your fnowy bbfom flinty. 


< ■ , , • • • 

Yet in the mldd of msriden fliynefs^ 

. AfFcftcd fcorn and decent fcolding, 
Kind Ho^e appeared with proffered fpy-glafs. 
The border of her robe unfoldieg* 


Then balance in the fcales of reafon. 
My love unfliaken and untainted, 

Vnapt to chaiige from truth to treafon, 
By frowns impair* d, by MU* augmentti; 

If love be courtefyrdfin*d# 
And you be civil to profofion. 

That yott will to my hopes prove kia*#- 
Is but a natural conduflos* 

• A <brt of foiaU fiddle of one plecs^ tlvidi three ftrings, ufsd by ihepWds; 

tit ^ 

Vll. XV. 


• 1 

If gratitude that breaft can foften* 
Which bids to other arts defiance^ 

The fcrvices Tve rendered often^ 

Muil mekyour foul to kind compliance* 


Par, more than once, had you attended, 
- You might havefccn me wear on Monday, 
My beft apparel fcowerM and mended, 
With which I wont to honour Sunday. 


As love delights in finery. 

And woniea oft are won by tightnefs, . 
I've ftillendeavour'd in your eye, 

Tti ihine the mirrournf politenefs. 

That 1 have danc*d the fwains sunong^ 
To pleafe your pride,whatneed 1 mention; 

Or wi'h the cock begun my fong, 

To wake my fleeping fair^s attention ! 


Or that, enamour'd of your beauty, 
X\e loudly founded forth it^s praifes ; 

A taflc which, tho* a lover*s duty, 
The fpite of other women raifes ! 


For, once, Terefa of the hill. 

Beneath all notice would have funk ye, 
« You think Olalla angel ftill/ 

Said ilie, < but oihent fcorn the monkey. 


« Thanks to her b^ads of glittering glafs, 
* And hrr fatfe locks in ringlets curling, 

And the falfe colour of her face, 

*. Which Love himfelf might take for 
< fterliflg/ 


She ly'd, I told her in Iker throat { 

And when her kinfman kept a rackiit, 

Vou know I made him change his note^ 
Anf foundly threfh'd the booby's jacket* 

Your lovely pcrfon, not ydur wesdth, 
Atfirft engagM my inclinaitlon } 

Nor would I now polTefs by ftealtbf 
The guilty joys of fornication. 


The church has filken ties iii (lore, 

Theh yield thy neck to Hymen^s fetters; 

Behold, I put my own befoi'cf,' 

And truft the noofethat binds oor betters* 


Elfe, by each bleiTed faint I fwear, 

And Heav*n fdrbid I prove a liar! •' 

Never to auit this defart drear, 
Except m form of hooded friar*^ 

Thus ended the goatherd*s ditty ; and 
though Don Quixote defired him to fing 
another, yet Sancho Panza would by no 
means give his confent, being more rn-* 
dined to take his natiu'al reii than to 
hear ballads; and therefore, he faid to 
bis mafter, * Your worfhip bad better 

* confider where you are to lodge this 

* night ; for the labour that thefe ho- 

* nelt men undergo in the day, will not 

* lufFer them to pafs the night in fing- 

* ing.'— .' I nnderftand thee, Sancho,* 
replied the knight, < it plainly appears 

< that the vifits thou haft made to the 

* wine>bag, demand the confolatjonxf 
' deep, leather than that of mufick.**:^ 

* They agreed with* us all very well, 
« blefled be God V replied Sancho; * I 
' do not deny it,' faid the knight; * and- 
' thou mayeft beftow thyfelf in the beft^ 

< manner thou canft ; but it is more 

* feemly for thofe of my profeflion to 

* watch than to fleep : it would not be 
'' aniifs, however, Sancho, tv drefs my 

< ear again ; for it gives me more pain 
' than I could wilh.' Sancho did as he. 
defired t when one of the goatherds per* 
ceiving the wound, bade him give him- 

* The reader will perceive that I have endeavoured to adapt the verification to the 
plainncfs and rufticity of the fentimen£, which are preferved through the whole of thii 
bHllad ; though all the other tranflators fsem to have been bent upon fetting the poetry 
at variance with the pafh)ral iimpUcity of the thoughts. For example, who would eve^ 
4l^eam of a goatherd's addrefling his miftrefs in thefe terms ? 

* With rapture on each charm I dwell, 

< And daily fprcad thy beauty's famtf ; 
^ And ftill my tongue thy praife ihall tell, 

* Though envy fwell, or malice blame** 

The ortfinal fentiments which this courtly ftanxa la defigned to tranflatej are literally 

^ V thefe: ' 

' I do not mention the praifes I have fpoke of your beauty, which, though true ift. 
' faft^ are the occafion of Ay being hated by ftMnc other women*^ 

I fell 



felf no trouble aly>nt it| for he would 
apply a remedy that would heal it in a 
trice ! fo faying, he took' fopie -leaves of 
rofemary, which grew in great plenty 
round the but^ and having chewed and 
mixed them with a little (alt, applied 
the poultice to his ear $ and binding it 
up carefully, aflured him, a$ it aSu- 
ally happened, that it would need no 
other plaifter. 



IN the mean time, another of the 
lads, who brought them victuals 
from the village, entering the hut, (kid, 

* Do you know what has happened in 

* our town) comrades?* When one 
of them anfwefed, < How ffiould we ! 

* Know, then," continued he, * that the 

* famous ftudent Chry(bftom died this 
' morning f and it is murmuked about, 
^ that his ^atlrwas oecafioned by his 
*■ love for that dcvilifli girl Marcella, 
^ daughter of William the rich. She 

* that roves about thefe plains in the 

* habit of a fliepherdsfs.'— • For Mar- 
*> oella, (aid you V cried one. * The 
^ fame,' anfwered the goatherd j « and it 

* is certain, that in his laft will, he 

* ordered himfelf to be buried in the 

< iield, like a Moor (God blefs us ! ) 

< at the foot of the rock, hard by the 

* cork-tree fpring 5 for, the report eoes, 

* and they fay he faid (o himfelr, as' 

* how the firft time he faw hpr was in 

* that place; and he has' alio ordained' 

* many other iuch things as the cler« 
*■ gy fay muft not be accompli ftied $ nor' 

* is it right they fliould be a^coroplilhcd ; 

* for, truly, they feem' quite heathenifh ; 
\\ *■ to all which objefiions his dear friend, 

'* •^ AmVrofio the ftudent, who alfo drcffed 
« himfelf Hke a (hepherd, to keep him 
« company, replies, that he will per- 

* form every thing, without fail, tliat 

* Chryfoftom has ordered v and the 
' whole village is in an uproar about it. 

* But it is believed that every thing, at 

* lait, will be done according to the 

* defireof Ambrofio, and all the reft 

* of the ihepherds, bis friends $ and 
«»tliat "to-morrow he will be interred 

* with great pomp in the very fpot I 
**bave mentioned. I am refolved^ theie- 

' fore, as it will Br f tfring welt wortd 

* ieeing, to go thither without fail, even 

* though I thought I Aould not be 

* able to return to the village that 
' night.'—* We will ^o fo too,' replied 
the goatherds, * and cad lots to (ee 

* which of us muft ftay and take care 

* of our flocks.' — • you are in the 

* right, Pedro,' faid oicj « but there 
' will be no occaftoo to u(e that fliift, 

* fyr I myielf will ftay and take care of 
^ the whole j and you muft not impute 
^ my tai'rying to vittue, or the want of 

* curiofity, but to the plaguy thorn 
' that ran into ray foot the otner day^ 

^* and hinders me from walking.'—- 

* We- are obliged to diec, however,* 
anfwered Pedro; whom Don Quixote 
defired to tell him who that fame dead 
(hepherd and living /Hepherdefs Mrere. 

jTo this quellion the goatherd replied^ 
aH that he knew of the matter was, 
that the deceaiedwas the fon of a rich 
hrmety who lived in the neighbour*^ 
hood of a village in thefe mmiBtaina ^ 
that he had ftudied in Salamanca many 
years, at the end of which he had re- 
turned to his family with thecbaraAer 
of a great fcholar : in particular, they 
faid, he was very knowing in the fctence 
of the Clars, and what paflfed betwixt 
the fun and moon, and the heavens j for 
he had punctually foretold the ciip(e 
of them both ! * The obfcuration of 
' tlioie two great Innynaries,' faid the 
knight, * is called the ecliple, and not 
' the clipfe, friend.* But Pedro, with- 
out troubling his head with thefe trii^es9 
proceeded, faying, * he iikewife forefavu 
*' when the year would be plentiful or 

* ftaril.'— • You mean/ fterile,' faid 
Don Quixote. * Sterile, or ftariL,' re- 
plied Pedro, * comes all to the fame pur- 

* pofe ; and I fay, that his father aird 

* his friends, taking his advice, became 

* yery rich ; for they gave credit to hi» 

* words, and foUowtd his counfel in 
' *■ all things. ' When he would lay, this- 

* year you mutt fow barley, and no 

* wheat } here you mult fow cai'abances» 

* but no barley ; next year there wiU 
' be a gcod harveit of oil ; but for three 

* yeass to come there will not be a drop.' 
-— * That Science,' repHed Don Quixote^ 

< is called aftrology:'— -^ I know not 

* how it is called,' replied Pedro f * but 

* this I ^now, that he knew all this^ 

< and much more. In (hort, not many 

* montlis after he came from Saiaman- 

< cai h^ appealed all of a fudden ia 

^ (hephtrd- 

pa'M QtriXOTE. 


fiiepherd-'^K^eda^ with his woolly jack- 
et, and a flock of flieep, having laid 
afide the long ^''^fs of a ftudent. 
And he was accompanied by a friend 
of his in the fame habit, \vhore name 
was Ambrofio, and who had been his 
fellow'ftudent at college. I forgot to 
tell yon that Chryfoftom the dnun^l 
was Aich a great man at cpmpofing 
couplets, that he made carols for 
Chriftmas-eve, ^nd plays for the 
Lord''s-day, which were reprefented 
by the young men in our village ; and 
every body faid, that they were tip- 
top,. When the people of the village 
faw the tvt^o fcholars fo fuddenly 
cloathed like (Iiepherds, they were fur- 
prized, and could not guefs their rea- 
fon for fuch an odd change; About 
that time the father of this Chryfoftom 
dying, he inherited great riches, that 
were in moveables and in lands, with 
no fmall number of (heep more or 
lefs, and a great deal of money : of 
all which this young nian remained 
defblate lord and mailer: and truly 
he deferved it all $ for he was an ex 
cellent companion, very charitable, a 
great friend to good foiks, and had a 
moft blelTed countenance. After- 
wards it came to be known, that liis 
reafon for ch^mging his garb* was no 
other than wiih a view of ftrolling 
through the woods and defarts after 
that fame ihepherdefsMarcella, whofe 
name my friend mentioned juft now, 
and with whom the poor defun<^l 
Chryfoftom was woundily in love: 
and I will now tell you, for it is ne- 
ceiTary that you ihould know who this 
wench i«; for, mayhap, nay even 
without a mayhapT, you never heard 
of fuch a thing in all the days of 
your life, though you be older tlian 
St. Paul*.'—* Say, Paul's,' replied* 
Dori Quixote, offended at the goatherd's 
perverting the words. * Saint Paul was 

* no chicken,* replied Pedro, • and if 

* your worfhip be refolved to correft 

* my words every moment, we (hall not 

* have done in a twelvemonth.' — * I' 

* aik your pardon, friend,' faid the 
knight} * I only mention this, becaufe 
*'* there is a wide difference between the 
< perfon of Saint Paul, and a church' 

* that goes by his nzmiii ^dt, hawevfer, 

* you made a very fenilblc r^plyj ^or» 

* to be fure, the faint lived long before 

* the church was built : therefore go oii 

* with your ftory, and I protnlfe not' to 

* interrupt you again.' 

< Well, then, my good'mafter,' faid 
the goatherd, ' there lived in our vil- 
lage a farmer, ftill richer than Chry« 
foilom's father; his name was Wil- 
liam, and God gave him, over atid 
above great wealth, a daughter, whd 
at her birth was the death of her mo- 
ther, the moft worthy dattle in alt 
the country, Methlnks I fee her now 
with that face of her's, which feemed 
to have the fun on one fide, and the 
moon on the other; (he Was ati excel- 
lent houfewifc, and a great friend' to 
the poor, for which reafon I believe 
her fbul is enjoying the prefence of 
God in paradii^. Hbr hufband died 
of grief for the lofs of fogood a wife,^ 
leaving his daughter Matcelh,* yo^ifig 
and rich, to the card tif an utide, who 
has got a living in our village. The 
girl grew up with i^o much beauty, 
that fhcput us m mind of her mo- 
ther, who had a great fhare, alicf yet 
it was thought it would be inrjmtted 
by the daughter's. It happened ac- 
cordingly, for when fhe came to the 
age of fourteen or fifteen, nobody 
could behold her without blefRng; 
God, for having made fo beautiful a 
creature; and every body al moft grew 
defperately in love with her. Her 
uncle kept her up with gv^at care; 
bur, for all that, the fameof her ex- 
ceeding beauty fpread in fuch a man- 
ner, that both for her perfon and her 
fortune, not only the richelt people 
in our town, but likewife in many 
leagues about, came to afk her in 
marriage of her uncle, with much 
importunity and folicitatlon. Kut he, 
who. to give him his due, was a good 
chridian, although he wanted to dff- 
pofc of her as foon as flie came to the 
age fit for matrimony, wouM not j^ive 
her away without her own'crinfcnt; 
neither had he a view in dcici tine; her 
marriage, to the gain and advantage 
which he might enjoy in managing the 
girl's fortune. And truly I have' 

* In the original Spaoiih, the goatherd, indead of faying as old at Sarah, fays, as 

old as Sarna, which in that language ilgnifies the itch ; but as it is impoilible to pre- 

ierve thefe miflakes in the tranflation, 1 have Tubllituted another in it's roomj which I 

apprehend is e<;[uaily nttural and exprefCve. 

'• I a * heard 



* Beard thU fpclkien in more companies 
' than one, ver^ much to the praife of 
^ the honeft prieft. For I wonU have 
^ ypu knowy Sir trayeller, that in thefe 

* fmall towns people intermeddle and 
grumble about every thing. And 
this you may take for certain, as I 
know it to be fo, that a clergyman 
muft be exceiliyely good indeed, if 

< he can oblige his flock to fpeak well 
f pf bim^ efpecially in country villages.* 
r— ' Vou are certainly in the right,' faid 
Pon Quixote, * and pray go on, for 
« your ttory is very entertaining, and 
f you, honeft Pedro, relate it with a 
good grace.'—* May I neycr want 
God's grace r faid the Hiepherdj < for 
that is Remain chance} and you mull 
know, moreover, that though the 
uncle propofed to his niece, and de- 
fcribed the good qualities of each in 
]>articular who afked her in marriage, 
dedring her to give her hand to fome 
one or other, and chufe for herfelf; 
(be never would give him any other 
anfwer, but that (he did not cpufe to 
marry, for fhe was too young to bear 
the burden of matrimony. On ac- 
count of thefe excufes, which feemed 
to have fome reafoxi in them, her uncle 
forbore to importune her, and waited 
till fhe fhould have pore years and 
difcernn^ent ^o maj^e choice of her 
own company; for he faid, and to be 
fure It was well faid, that parents 
fhould neyer difpple of their children 
agaiofi ^!ieir pwn inclinations. But 
beholdy when we leafl thought of it, 
the timorous Marcella one day ap- 
peared in the habit of a fhepherdeis j 
and without imparting her defisn to 
her uncle, or any body in the village, 
for fear tjiey might have diiTuailciJ her 
from it, fhe took to the' field with her 
own flock, in company of the other 
damfels of the village. \^t (lie no>v 
appeared in puj^lick, and her beauty ., 
was expofed to the eyes of every body, 
you cannot conceive what a number 
of rich youths, ' gentlemen and far- 
mers, immediately tooW the garb of 
Chi7fofton?, and went wooing her 
through the fiekls. Qne of theie fui- 
tors, a? you have heard, was the de-: 
ceafed,Vho, they iay, left o^ loving. 
to adore her; ancf you niuti not think, 
that becaufe Marcella took to this 
free and^ UnconfineU " way of living, 
(he brought the leaft difparagement 
upon her chaftity and good name 5 on 

4. i 

the contrary, fuch is the vigilancff 
with which (lie guards her honour, 
that of all thofe who ferve and folicit 
her, not one has boafted, nor indeeri 
can boaft with any truth, that fhe has 
given him the fmallefthopeof accom- 
pli(hing his dedre; for though flie 
neither flies, or avoids the company 
and converfation of the fliepherdsy.but 
treats them in a courteous and friendly 
manner, whenever any one of them 
comes to difclofe his mtention, let it 
be ever To ju(l and holy, even marriage 
itfelf, (lie throws him from her like a 
(lone from a fling ; and being of this 
difpofition, does more damage in this 
country, than if a pe(tilence had feized 
it} for her affability and beauty al* 
lures all the heajts of thofe that con- 
verfe with her to ferve and Jove her, 
but her coynefs and plain- dealing 
drives them even to the borders of de^ 
fpair; therefore they know not what 
to fay, but upbraid her with cruelty 
and ingratitude, and give her a great 
many fuch titles, as plainly (hew the 
nature of her difpofition: andifyo^ic 
worfhip was but to (lay here one d^y* 
you would hear thefe hills and dale» 
refound with the lamentations of he£ 
rejcfted followers. Not far from thia 
place there is a tuft of about a dozea 
of tall beeches, upon every one of. 
which you may readengraved the name 
of Marcella* and over fome a crowa. 
cut out in the baik, as if her lover, 
would haye declared, that Marcella 
wears, and delerves to wear, the crown 
of all earthly beauty. Here one (liep« 
herd (ighs, ther^ another complains ; 
in one place you may hear amorous., 
ditties^ in another the dirges of de- 
fpairj one lover fits mufmg through 
all. the hours of the night, at the foot 
pf fome tall a(|i or rugged rock, and 
there, without having clofed his weep- 
ing ey^s, (111 link up as it were, and 
intranced in his own reflections, he is 
found by the ridng funj a fecond, 
without giving re(bite or truce to his 
(ighs, expofed to tne heat of the moft- 
fultry fummer's fun, lies fli^t6hed 
upon the burning fand, breathing his 
complaints ^p pitying Heaven ^ and 
oyer this and that, and thele and thofe^i 
the' free, the unconcerned, the fai^ 
Marcella triumphs. We who arc ac- 
quainted with her difpofition, wait wi'tl) 
impatience to fee the end of ail this 
difaain) and long to know what happy 

f man 


man will tame fudi an unfociable hu- 
mour, and enjoy Aich exceeding beau- 
ty. As every thing that I have re« 
counfed is true to a tittle, I have no 
rcafon to doubt the truth of what our 
comrades faid concerning the caufe of 
Chryroftoni''s death j and therefore^ I 
advife you, Sir, not to fail being to- 
morrow at his burial, which will be 
well worth feeing; forChryfoftom bad 
a great many friends, and the ipot in 
which he ordered himfelf to be buried 
is not more than half a league from 

* I will take care to be prefent,* Taid 
the knighty * and thank you heartily 
for the pleafure you have given me in 
relating fuch an interesting ftory.'— 
Ohl as for that/ cried the goatherd, 
I do not know one half of what has 
happened to the loveis of Marcellaj 
but to-morrow, perhaps, we may 
light upon fome (hepherd on the road, 
who is better acquainted with them. 
In the mean time you will do well to 
^o to deep under fome cover, for the 
cold night air may not a?ree with the 
hurt your jaws have received, though 
the remedy I have applied is fuch, 
that you have nothing elle to fear.' 
Sancho Panza, who wi(hed the goat* 
herd's loquacity at the devil, eameftly 
intreated his mailer to go to Hcep in Pe- 
dro's hut. This requeft the knight 
complied with, and fpent the greateft 
part of the night in thinking of his 
Lady Dulcinea, in imitation of Mar-i 
ceila's lovers; while Sancho Panza, 
taking up his lodging betwixt Rozi- 
nante and his afs, (lept foundly, not 
like a difcarded lover, but like one who 
had been battered and bruil'ed the day 



SC A R C E had Aurora difclofed her- 
felf through the balconies of the 
eail, when five of the fix goatherds 
ariftng, went to waken Don Quixote, 
and told him, that if he continued ia 
bis rcfolution of going to fee the famous 
funeral of Chryfoftom, they would, 
keep him company. The kriight, wha 
defired nothing better, arofe, and com-, 
ffianded Sancho tp (addle his horfe and 


pannel his aft immediately. 'Hiis or- 
der was executed with great difpatch^ 
and they fet out without lofs of time* 
They had not travelled more than m 
quarter o£ a league, when, upon crof« 
ung a path, they faw coming towards 
them fix ihepherds, clothed in jackets 
pf black (heep (kin, and crowned witb 
garlands of cyprefs and bitter- bay* 
(^ch having a club of holly in his hand* 
Along with them came alio two gentle* 
men on horfeback, very well equipped 
for travel, accompaniea by three young 
men on foot. 

When thev advanced they (aluted one 
another, and underftanding, upon in- 
quiry, that they were all bound to the 
place of interment, they joined compsny, 
and travelled together One of the 
hor(emen faid to bis companion, < Sig-' 

* nior Vivaldo, we (hall not have realbn 
*. to grudge our tarrying to fee this fa- 

* mous funeral, which rooft certainly 

* be very extraordinary, by the ftrange 

< account we have received from the(e 
' people, of the dead (hepherd, and the 

< murderous (hepherdefs.'— ' I am of 
' the fame opinion,' anfwered Vivaldo, 

* and would not only tarry one day, 

< b>it even four or five, on pufpofe t9 

* fee it.' Don Quixote a(ktng what 
they had heard of Marcella and Chry- 
foftpm, the traveller replied, that early 
in the morning they had met with theile 
(hepherds, of whom inquiring the cauie 
of their being clothed in fuch melan- 
choly weeds, they had been informed of 
the coynefs and beauty of a ceitain 
(hepherdefs csilled Marcella, and the 
haplefs love of many who courted her, 
together with the death of that fame- 
Cbryfodom to whofe funeral they wer^ 
going. ,In (hort, he recounted every 
circumdance of what Pedro bad told* 
Don Quixote before. 

This converfation being ended, an-' 
other began by Vivaldo' s a(king Don- 
Quixote, why he travelled thus in ar- 
mour in a peaceablp country. To this- 
queftion the knight replied, 'The ex- 

* ercife of my profelfion will not per-- 

* mit or allow me to go in any other* 

* manner. Revels, fea(ting, and repole, 

* were invented by effeminate courtiers $• 

* but toil, anxiety, and arms, are pe- 
*' culiar to thofe whom the world calls 

* knights -errant, of which order I,' 

* though unworthy, and theieait, am- 
^ one.' He had no (boner pronounced 
tbefe words^ than all prefent tpok him* 



noM i^tX&TU. 

§» a A^dinife ; tmt, m 6Tdtr to con - 
firan their opinion^ and diicover what 
&ecies of madneit it wm, Viiraldo de- 
irod tb knowyiiiat be meant by knights- 
cfiant« * What !* faid Don Quiscote^ 
have you never read the annaTs and 
ktftoryr of England* which treat of 
the faoKNUPex^oits of Arthur, who, 
at pfefent, in- our Caftilian language, 
is adied King^ Artus, and of whom 
tbtK ta an ancient tradition, gene- 
fiily bdtenvd all Over Great Bri- 
taini that he did not die, but was, by 
(he art of inchantment, metamor- 
jdiofed into a raven $ and that the 
tinr will come when he fliall return, 
and recover hit fcepttr and throne ^ 
for which realbn it cannot be proved, 
diat from that period to this, any Bn- 
gHflmnm has kilied a raven. In the 
reign of thattxcellent king was in- 
ftitutedthat famoua order of chivalry, 
okUed theiCnightsof theRoundTable; 
and thofe amours po£luaUy happened, 
which are recounted of Don Lancelot 
of the Lake, with Qneen Glnebra, by 
the help and mediation of that iage 
and venerable duenna Quttaniona, 
from whence that delightful ballad,. 
(bmucfar fung in Spain, took ifs rife : 

• For never, fJire, was any knight 
* So ftrvM by damfel, or by dame, 

< At Lancelot, that man of mii^t, 
< When he at firftfiom Britain came.* 

With the reft of that moft reliihing 
and delicious account of his amours 
and valiant exploits* From that time 
the order of knight-errantry was ex- 
tended, as it were, from hand to hand, 
and fpread through divers and fundry 
parts of the world, producing, among 
many other worthies celebrated for their 
atchievements, the valiant A'madis de 
Gaul, with all his Tons and nephews, 
even to the fifth generation \ the cou- 
rageous Fleximarte of Hicarnia, the 
never-enough to be commended Ti- 
rante the' White, and he whom, in 
this oi\r age, we have as it were ieen, 
heard, and converfed with, the invin- 
cible and valorous knight Don Belia- 
nis of Greece. This, gentlemen, is 
what I meant by knight-errant ; and 
fttch as I have defeiibed is the order of 
chivalry, which, Us I have already' 
ttfld you, I, though a finner, have 
profefiedj and the very fame which 
thoit knights I mentioned prefefied. 

t profefs alibi On wtitch account t 
amfound in thefedefaits and foKtudes, 
in queft of adventures, fully deter- 
mined to'iift my arm, and expofe my 
perfon, to the greateft danger that my 
deftiny (hall decree, in behalf of the 
needy and opprefled.'* 
By ttiis declaration, the travellers were 
convinced that the knight had loft his 
wits, and eafily perceived the (pecies of 
folly which had taken podeflion of his 
brain, and which ftruck them with the 
fame furpnze that always (eized thofe 
who became acquainted with our knight. 
Vivaldo, who was a perlbn of difcretion 
and a great deal of archnefs, in order to 
travel agreeably the reft of the road 
which they had to go till they (hould 
come to the place of interment, wanted 
to give him an opportunity of proceed- 
ing in his extravagance, and in that view 
faid to him i * Sir icnight-ermnt, me- 

• thinks your worfhip profefles one of 

* the ftri6left orders upon earth; hay, I 

* will affirm, more ftriflthan thatofthe 

• Carthufian friars.' 

* The order of the Carthufians,* an- 
fwered Don Quixote, ♦ maybe as ftrift, 
but, that it is as beneficial to man- 
kind, I am within a harr^s breadth of 
doubting; for, to be plain with you^ 
the foldier who executes bis captain^'s 
command^ is no lefs valuable than the 
captain who gave the order. I mean, 
that the monks p^y to God for their 
fellow-creatures in peaCe and (afety ^ 
but we foldiers and knights put in ex« 
ecution that for which they pray, by 
the valour of our arms, and the edge 
of our fwords ; living under no other 
cover than the cope of heaven ; fet up 
in a manner as m^u-fts for the intole- 
rable heat of the fqn in fummer, ancf 
the chilly breath of frofty winter; we 
are therefore God's minift^rs, and the 
arms by which he executes his juftice 
upon earth ; and as the circumftancea 
or war, and what has the leaftafilnity 
and concern with it, cannot beaccom- 
pliflied without fweat, anxiety, and fa- 
tigue; it follows, that thofe who profefa 
it, are doubtlefs more fubje6l to toil, 
than thofe who in. reft and fecurity im- 
plore the favour of" God for perfon t 
who can do nothing for thcmfelves v 
not that I would be thought to fay or 
imagine, the condition of a knight- 
errant is equal to that of a reclufe 
monk ; I would only infer from what 
we fuftef} that it it witliotit doubt 

f more 


1 more troublefi>nc^,i9<^iebatteredi more 

* famiihedy mort mifei^ble, ragged, apd 

* loufy ^ for the Jkuightt -errant of paft 
' times certainijr underwent numbcrlefa 

* giitfqrtunes in the courCe q{ thek 

* lives. And if fome of them came to be 

* emperors by the valour of their vniSf 

* confidering the blood and fweat it coft 

* them, in takh it was a dear porchafe i 

* and if thofe who attained fuch a ffi-: 

* preme ftation, had been without t^eir 

* fage inchanters to aflift thera, they 

* might b^ve been defrauded by their 

* <}eare3, and grievpuQy b^uH^edof th^ir 

* expeSations.* 

* I am very much of your opinion/ 
anfwered the traveller j * but there is 

* one thing amo«g you knights errant, 

* that I cannot appiove of, and that is, 
/ when any great and dangerous adven-r 

< ture occurs, in which you run a mat 
« iiifeft rlQfi of lofing your lives, in the 
^ infant of an engagement, you never 

* think of recommending your fouls to 

* God, as every Chriftian ought to do 
' on fuch occafions } but, on the con- 
« trary, put up your petitions to your 
' rai(b%fle8, with as much fervour 

* and devotion as if they were your 

* deities ; a circumftance which, in my 

* opinion, fmells llrong of paganiiVn.* 
i-— * Sir,' replied Don Quixote, • that 

* praftice mutt in no degree be altered | 
' and woe be to th^t knight errant who 

* (hould do otherwifej for, according 

* to the practice and cuftom of chivalry, 

< every knight, when he is upon the 

* point of atchieving fome greit teat, 

* mutt call up the idea of his miftrefs, 

* and turning his eyes upon her with all 
' the gentlenefs of love, implore, as it 
' were, by his looks, her favour and 
^ prote6l1on in the do.ubtful dilemma in 

* which he is aboyt to involve himfelf : 
' nay, ev^n though nobody fliould hear 

* bim, he is obliged to mutter between 

* his teeth an ejaculation, by which he 
' heartily and confidently recommends 

* himfelf to her good wiOies : and of 

< this pra£lice we have innumerable exf 

* amples in hiitory i but I wouM tiat 

* bav« you -think, that we ase to forbear 

* recommending onrfeives to God alfo } 

* there will be time and opportunity 

* enough for that duty in the courfe of 

* a6lion/ 

* But, neverthelei^* faid the travel- 
ler, * I have ftill one fqruple remaining,. 

.• which is, that I have often read of a 

* difpute bcttveei) twq ki^i^hti, ^kkk 

proce^iUng to lage Jcom Dae word tv 
anothcTy thej bay/eiuroed i^bypiit i^heir 
fteed^ to ga«a ground £»v a good m* 
reer^ and then^ wjUhaut duy inart 
ceremoxty, retwned tp the encounter 
at fuU gallop^ recomoiendioi; ihagn* 
fetves to their miftrtfSn by toe way | 
and the common ifliie of liick an en* 
gagementis,thatoBe pf them i^ throw* 
down by his horfe's crufwer, lluck 
through and througb with nis adver* 
fary*# lancei while the other, wjtb 
dimculty, avoids a fall by layli^ hol4 
of bis norfe's mane : now, I cannot 
comprehend how the dead man couI4 
have time to recommend himD^lf t^ 
God, in the courle. of fo ./ud^ena« 
attack $ furely it would b«v^ V^n 
better for bis (pul« if, inJUad pf Chf 
words he utter&d in bU career^ be bad 
put up a petition to Heavi^nf according 
to the duty and obligation of every 
Chriitian i efpecially, as I take it foi 
granted that every knigbt-erraot hat 
not a mi (brefs i for all of them cannol 
be in love.'—* That's impoflible,' 

anfwered Don Quixote. ' I aiflfexni, that 
there never could be a kni^bt-ercant 
without a mii^rers ; for to be in lovo 
is as natural and peculiar to them, at 
the itars are to tlie heavens. I am 
very certain that you never read an 
hiftory that gives an accpunt of a 
knight-ei'rant Without an amour j for 
he that has never been in love, would 
not be held as a legitimate member^ 
but fome adulterate brood, who had 
got into the fortrefs of chivalry, not 
through the gate, but over the walls, 
like a thief in the night«* 
* Yet, notwithitanding/fatd thetra« 

veller, * I have read that I)on Galapr, 
brother of the valiant Amadis de 
Gaul,. never had any known miilrels 
to whom he could recommend himfelf| 
^nd he was not difregarded^ but look- 
ed upon as a very valiant and famous 
knight.' '^^ < Signior/ anfwered our 

hero, Don Quixote, ' one fwallow makca 
not a fummer i beiides, to qeiy ctt* 
tain knowledge, that kniglitwas pri* 
vately very muck in k>ve| indeed, Im 
a>ade love to every handfome wiooimi 
who came in his way } for that wat 
his natural difpofition, which he bf 
no means could refill : in (hort, it is 
very well attefted^ that I;e had on^ 
milticfs, whom be^- 
reign of his heart, and tp whom be 
Jiff Q >W>pHrri ^«^1( wUh great c«u- 

* tioa 



* tion and privae^r, becatsfe he piqued 

* bimfelf upon beinj^ a iecret knight/ 

' SincCf then, it it eflential to eveiy 

* knight to be in love, we may con- 
' elude that your worfhip, being of that 

* profeifion, is no ftranger to that paf- 

* non s and if you do not value your(Vlf 

* upon being as fecret a knight as Don 

* Galaor, I eameftly entreat you, in 

* behalf of myfelf and the ren of the 

* company* to tell us the name, coun- 
^ trv, ftation, and qualities of your 

* miftrefs; whomuft think herfelf ex- 

* tremely happy in reflefling, that all 

* the world knows how much (he is 

* beloved and adored by To valiant a 
' knight as your worftiip appears to be.* 

Here Don Quixote uttei^ a grievous 
ligh» faying, ' I am. not pofitively cer- 

* tain, whether or not that beauteous 

* enemy of mine takes pleafure in the 

* world's knowing I am her (lave j this 
^ only I can fay, in anfwer to the quef- 

* tion you aiked with fo much civility, 

* that ner name is Dulcinea ) her native 

* country, a certain pait of La Man- 

* cha called Tobofo j her ftation mull 
' at leaft be that of a princeis, fince (he 

* is queen and lady of my foul j her 

* beauty fupernatural, in that it j unifies 

* all thofe impofUble and chimerical at- 

* tributes of excellence, which the poets 

* beftow upon their nymphs ; her hair 

* is of gold, her forehead the Elyfian 

* Fields, her eye-brows heavenly arches, 

< her eyes themfelves funs, her cheeks 

* rofes, her lips of coral, her teeth of 
« pearl, her neck alaba(ler, her breaft 
« marble, her hands ivory, her (kin 

< whiter than fnow ; and thofe parts 

< which decency conceals from human 

< view are fuch, according to my belief 

* and apprehenfion, as difcretion ought 

* to innance above all corpparifon** 

' I wi(h we knew her lineage, race^ 

* and family,* replied Vivaldo. To 
this hint the knight anfwered, * She is 

* not defcended of the ancient Caii, 

* Curtii, and Scipios of Rome, nor of 
' the modern Colonas and Orfini, nor 

* of the Moncades and Rcqucfenes of 
' Catolonia, much lefs of the RebcUais 

* and VillaUovas of Valencia j or the 

* Palafaxes, Newcas, Rocabcrtfs, Co- 
' rellas, Lunas, Alagones, Urreas, Fo- 

* 2e8 and Gurreas of Arragon j or the 
' Cerdas, Manriquez, Mendozas anc( 

* Gufmans of Caliile 5 or the Alenc'af- 

* tros, Pallas and Menefis of Portu- 

* gal 5 but (he fprung from the family 

* of Tobofo de La Mancha j a lineage 

* which, though modern, may give a 

* noble rife to the moft illuibrious fa- 
' milies of future ages ; and let no man 
' €ontradi6b what I fay, except upon 

* the conditions exprefled in that in- 
' fcription placed by Cerbiho under the 

* trophy of Orlando*s arms ! 

" That knight alone thefe arms (hallmove^ 
*• Who darei Orlando*i prowefs prove ♦.** 

* Although I myfelf am defcendeJ 

* from the Cachopihes of Loredof^' 
(aid the traveller, * I won^t prefume to 

* compare with that of Tobofo de La 

* Mancha i though, to be plain with 

* you, I never before heard of any fuch^ 

* generation/ — * ,How, not beard!' re- 
plied Don Quixote. The reft of the 
company jogged on, liftening with great 
attention to this difcourfe, and all of 
them, even the goatherds, by this timie, 
were convinced, that our knight's judg-. 

* When a knight challenged the whole world, he wore an emprize, confifiing of. & 
gold chain, or fome other badge of love and chivalry j and fometimes this emprize was. 
nxed in a publick place, to attrad the attention of Grangers* When any perfon accepted. 
the challenge for a trial of chivalry, called the combat of coiirtefy, he touched this em<« 
prize ; but, if he tore it away, it was confidered as a refolution to fight the owner to 
extremity or outrance. The combat of courtefy is ftill pradtifed by our prize-fighters' 
and boxers, who (hake hands before the engagement, in token of love.' 

But no defiance of this kind could be either pubii(hed or accepted without the permif- 
fion of the prince at whofe court the combatants chanced to be* Accordingly, we are 
told by Oliver de La Marche, that the lord of Teraant having pttbilUied a defiance at* 
the court of Burgundy, in the year 1445^ Galiot alked the duke*s prrmiflion to touch - 
the challenger*8 emprize } which being granted, he advanced and touched it, faying to 
the bearer, while he bowed very low, * Noble knight, I touch your emprize 5 and, with. 

* God*8 permi(fion, will do my utmofl to fulfil your defire, either on horfeback or oa 

* foot.* The lord of Ternant humbly thanked him for his condefcenfion, (aid he wa« 
extremely welcome, and promifed to fend him that fame day a cartel, mentioning th« 
arms they (honld ufe« 

*f CaUlPpuiM is the aamrgbren tft the Europeans by the Indians of Mexico. 


Dott x^vixorit, 


nent was ftieTtmir tmpaupDd. San* 
cho alone believed that every thing his 
mafter faid was trtie, becaufe he knew 
his family, 'and had been acquainted 
with himfelf from his cradle. The only 
doi)btthat% entertained was of this 
fame ^eautiful Dulcinea del Tobofo^ 
for neVer had fuch a name or fuch a 
princefs come within the fphere of his 
ob(ervatlony although he lived ia the 
<i«ghbourhood of that place». 

While they travelled alongy conver« 
fihg in this manner, they perceived about 
twDenty fliepfaerds defc^nd through a 
cleft made by two high mountains. 
They were all dad in jackets of black 
flieep-fkin, and each of them crowned 
with a garland, which was compofed, 
as we afterwards learned, partly cf cy- 
prefs, and partly of yew; fix of the 
forerooft carried a bier, upon which they 
bad ftrewed a variety of branches and 
flowers. ' And this was no fooner .per- 
ceived by one of the goatherds, than he 
faid, * 'Thefe are the people who carry 

* the corpib of Chryibftom, aad the 
< foot of that mountaio is the place 
' where be ordered himielf to be in- 
« terred.' . 

Upon tikift information the^ made 
bafte, and came up juft at the time that 
the bearers having laid down the body, 
began to dig the grave with pick- axes 
on Ode fide of a flinty rock. They re- 
ceived our travellers with great cour* 
teiy i and Don Quixote, with his com* 
pany, went towaras tlie bier to look at 
the deaid bo(3yy which was covered with 
flowers^ clad in ihepherds weeds, and 
feemingly thiny years old. Notwith- 
ftandinghe was dead, they could plainly 
perceive that he had been a man of an 
engaging afpe^, and genteel ftaturaj 
and could not help wondering at the 
iigbt of a great many papers both feal- 
ed and look, that lay round him in the 

While the new-comers were obferv- 
ing this phscnomenon, and the fhep- 
hctdi "bufied in digging a grave, a won- 
derfut and univerfal filence prevailed, 
till fuch time as one of the bearers faid 
to another: * Confider, Ambrofio, if 

* this be the very foot which Chryfof- 
' torn mentioned, tnat his laft will may 
« be p«Ba«ally fulfilled.*—^ This,' 
anAirered Ambrofio, * is the very place 

* inSnrhtch my unhappy friend nas of- 

* ten recounted to me the ftory of hi& 

* misfortunes. Here it was he firilr 

^ beheld that mortal enemy of human 
' race ) here alfo did he firft declare hie 

* amorous and honourable intention | 

* and here, at lafl, did Marcella fignify 
' her difguft and difdain, which ptit an 
*• end to the tragedy of his wretched life| 

* and in this place, as a monumeht of 

* his mi/hap, did he defire to be depo* 

* fited in the bowels of eternal oblivion** 

Then addrefling himfelf to Don 
Quixote, and the travellers, he thus 
proceeded: * This corpie, gentlemen^ 
' which you behold with compaflionate 

* eyes, was the habitation of a foul 

* ^hich poflefTed an infinite fliare of the 

* riches of Heaten t this is the body of 
' Chryfoftom, who was a man of un* 
' paralleled senius, the pink of cour- 
' tefy and kmdneft; in friendfllip a 

< vei-y phoenix, liberal without bounds^ 

* grave without arrogance, gay with<. 

* out meanne(s, and in fliort fecond to 

* none in every thing that was good^ 

< and without fecond in all that wat 

< unfortunate. He loved, and was ab« 

* horred ; he adored and wat dif<kHned| 

* he implored a favage; he importuned 

* a ftatuQ ; he hunt^ the wind } cried 

* aloud to the defart ; he was a flave 

* to the moft ungrateful of women j and 

* the &oit of his fervitude was deaths 

< which overtook him in the middle of 

< his career; in Ihort, he periflied by 
' the cruelty of a fliepherdefs, whom 

* he has eternized in the memory of all 
' the people in this country j as thefe 

* papers, which you would fliew, 

* if he had not ordered me to commit 

* them to the flantes as foon as his body 

< fliall be depofited in the earth.* 

* You will uie them, then, with more 

* cruelty and rigour,' faid Vivaldo^ 

* than that of the author himfelf; fee* 

* ing it is neither juft nor convenient to 

* fulfil the will of any man, provided 

* it be unreafbnable. Auguftus Caefar 

* would have been in the wrong, had 
' he con rented to the execution of what 

* the divine Mantuan ordered on his 

* death-bed. Wherefore, Signior Am - 

* brofio, while you commit the body of 

* your friend to the earth, you ought* 
' not likewife to confign his writings ta 

< oblivion 5 nor perrorm indifcreetly 

< what he in his affllf^ion ordained ; on 

* the contrary, by publi filing thefe pa- 

* pers, you ought to .inrniortalize the 

* cruelty of Marcella, that it may fervc 
' as an example in time to come, and 

* warn young men to fliu» aod> avoid 

K « fuch 

^% DON OyiZOTB. 

fuch diBgerout precipice % for l, and The tonneaCi of Jtiy bctrt to tdfy 

the reft of this company, already And thjr atchieTafflMti to ncoHt 

know the billory of that enamoured My Toiceiball nife a araadfal ycll^ 

and unhappy friend, the nature of My boweh burft at ej'qr wgcd « 

your friendlhip, the occafion of hit Then liAen to the baWful (band 

acath^togethe^witb the orders that he ThuiflUe* from my throbbing bretf^ 

elude, how exceflive inuft have been If, 

the cruelty of Marcella, the love of ,^.%, a. u.» «.v j^ %^.m ^ t 

Chryfoib^ thef^dtho^^^^^^^^ ^••^"^^^^^^^^^ 

fliip» and the check which thoft re- ^h^ y^,^ ^^^ ^^ fcrecching owl, 

ceive, who precipitately run through The tempo* t<ttlint on the ftoie, 

the path exhibited to them by idle and The monfter*i fcretm, the turtle's moan, 

mifchievoui love. Laft night, we un* The Arieki of the infernal ciew, 

derftood the death of Chryibftom, Be aungled whh my dying groan» 

wbOy wf art informed, was to be bu* A concert terrible and new! 

ried in this place j and theicfore, out The hearv*s£Bn(et to appal, 

of curiofity and concern, have turned And ReaM fmiher throne depofe^ 

outofourway.reiblvingtocomeand Such roejo^ will foit the gall 

feewith our eyes, whiS had afieaed Thatffomm/bttrmnghTerflowal 

ttt lb much in the hearing ) and in re* UK 

turn for that concern, and the defire ^., », . . t » n • - 

wefelt in remedying it, if it Jiad beeo ^" ^•8^.'^*^,^^*"^^"'',. 

^I^iT, tT^ 7 ' Shall never echo fiich defpair, 

creetAmbrofo! atleaft,formyaw» q^^^^ to fuch notes lif death, 

part, I beg cf thee, not to bom thde ^, j^^ yn „tt^ mj^ repeat, 

papers, but allow ran to preler?e fomt Proa, hiu to dale, frea rock to cav^ 

of them** In wtlds antrod by homan fiet. 

Accordingly, without ftaying for aa In dungeons dreary it the grave, 

anfwer, he reached out his hani^, and The beafts of prey that fcoiir the plain, 

took ifome of thofe that were ncareft Shall tby more farage nature know, 

kirn I which Ambrofio perceiving, (aid. The fpacious earth refound my ftraia i 

« Ontof oiviUty, Siffnior, I will confent Such is the privilege of woe! 

* to your JcMpingiwiat you have taken IV, 

• up; but. to think'that I willftil ta _.-^ , . ^ .. , . ^ , 

• bum the reft, is a vain fuppoiition/ Diflaln is death, fndj6nht oerturns 

Vivaldobein^defiionsof^eeinT^^^ BuTferrmil W^^^^^^^ 

tents, immedjateiy opened one, mtitW, i^i^^ .jj \y,^ fl^^,, „f h.„ 'comblnM f 

A Song of DefMjr 5 virhich Ambrofio The horrors of that curfed.fieod, 

ksanng, frid, « That is the laft poem in .bfcnce to diftraaioo rage, 

< my vohappy friend compofed} and And all the faccour hope can lend, 

« thatvou mav iee, Signior, to what sl The direful pangs will not aflbage^ 

< ^afs nis misrornines had reduced him. Such agonies will furely kill s 

* read it aloud, and you'll have time Vet fpite of abfence, doubts and fcorn, 

* enough to fintih it before the gravt be ' !>▼« * miracle, and fiill 

« xnader— * That I will do with all Thofedeadlyflames within me burn! 

• my heart,* laid Vivaldoj and every V. 
body prefent being feized with the fame „ , - ^ , , m*^ 
defii, theyiiood around him in a circle, "^P V ^ ^ 5' ^Iw'^t^ll^r* 
r^nS what follows, vHth an au- Th^trieV^ieTtr^^^^^ 
diWe voice. The lall my contort it for life. 

Can hope and fear at once prevail, 

A SO NO or PES? AIR, When fear on certainty is fed? ^ 

To fliutmine eyei will noughtarttlj 

!• When thunder burlla around my hea4. 

Vi« Oj«a« 




jcalonfy I lore*! trnuit loidf 
Andtboo* fottl-diuUii^ dindSfiain! 

X<end me the dag|cr and tbftcoti* 
To ilab ffoiiembnnccy feufle fala« 

1 die bereft of hope Ui dea^ 
Yet ftill thole ate the fieeft liMlit 

(111 vouch It widiny lateft hraiCh) 
Whoei love*^ old tfnam§ ceatMoli* 

My HtA eaemv is U&t^ 

la body and hi eiiiad» rillif» 

Aad I Jiave earaM the weea I bear s 
Bj rigoar love auuiitaijit the £iray» 


With thu opiaien let me fall 

A prej to ttAreleoting Icota { 
Ko fim*ral jpomp ihall gnve mjr pall. 

No laeiH mr pale corple adoro. 
O thou I whole cruel^r and hate 

The Cortaret of my bttaft proclatmi 
Behold how wiHingly to fate 

I ofier this deroted fimmc. 
If tho«t when I am paft all aaiiif 

Sh»ttld*ft think my H\\ deferTei a tear^ 
Let not 0M fiAgle drop diftatn 

Thoie^ciibhilUjit and fo clear. 


Not rather let thy mifthdifpley 

The joys that in thy bofom flowf 
Ah ! need I bid that heart be gay 

Which always triomph*d in mj woe. 
Come then for ever barred of blifi; 

ire» who withcea&lefi tonaent dwells 
Aad agottisia|» howl and hi6 

In the profMindeft fliadet of hell % 
Comey TantaHii, with raging thirft* 

Biingr Syfiphniy thy rolling llone» 
ComOy TitiiMy widi thy mltarecurft^ 

flor leave Isien racked alone^ 

Tlie toUing fiftert too ihall jolo» 

Aad my fad> /olemn diige repeat 
When to the grare my friends configa 

Thefe limbs deny*d a winding*iheet ; 
fierce Cerberus ibail clank hit chain* 

la chorus with chim«tas dire t 
What other pomp* what ether ftrain 

Shovld he who diet of love require ? 
Be hnlh*djmy fong^ complain no more 

Of her whofe pleafure gave thee birth { 
Bftt let the forrowt 1 deplore 

Blttp with me ia the fileat earth* 

Tbia ditty of Chryfoftom was approv- 
ed bj til the hearers ; but he who read 
it obierredf that It did not ftem to agree 
with the report he had beard of Mar- 
eeUa*g vittue and circurafpe£tJon ; in* 
aiinoch as the author complained of 
j^ottfyi abfeiicej and fuipicionj which 

tendad to die prqudice of her morale 
and reputation. To this objc^lioii^ 
Ambcofioy as one that was acquainted 
with the ineft fecret fentimrnts of hi« 
fifcpd) mfweredi * Signtor, for yonc 
' fatitfaftion in this poiat, it is ne« 
oeffiuy yon (hottld know, diat the 
foiiora iMherd compoied thia £>ng 
in the abience of Marcella> from 
wdiolh prefence he had gone into vo- 
luntary exile, in order to try if he 
could reap the ufual fruits of ab(ence» 
and fofget the caule of his defpairg 
and as one in that fituation is apt to 
be Netted by every circumftance, and 
invaded bjr every appreheafiony poor 
Chxylbftom was harafled by grounds 
lefs Jealoufy and imaginary fears^ 
whtcn tormented him as much as if 
they had been real ; for whif h reafon^ 
this circumftance ogght not to tnvali<^ 
date the fame of Marcella*s virtue* 
againft which, exclufive of her crueU 
ty, arrogance, and difdain, envy it* 
leUF hath not been able to lay the leaft 

* That may be very true,* replied 
Vivaldo^ who, being atMut to readano* 
ther of die papera he bad favcd from tha 
flames, was aiverted i$om his jpurpofe 
by a wonderful vifion» for foch it (eem« 
ed| that all of a Aidden prefented itftlf 
to their eyes. This was no other than 
die fliepherdefs Marcella, who appeared 
upon the top of the rock, juft above the 
crave they were digging, To beautiful that 
me furpalTed all report. Thole who 
had never Teen her before, gaaed with 
iileut admiration I nor were the ttft^ 
who had been accuftomed to fee her^ 
lefs aiionilhed at her appearance. But 
no fooner did Ambrono perceive her^ 
than with indignatioji in his looks, he 

* Comeft thou hither, fierce bafiliik 
of thefe mountains \ to (ee if the 
wounds of this unhappjr youth whom 
thy cruelty hath )Iaini will bleed at 
thy ap]>roach ? or art diou come to. 
rejoice in the exploits of thy barba* 
rity, and from the top of that moun- 
tain, behold, like another ^ero, the 
flames which thy impiety hath kind- 
led ? or inhumanly to trample upon 
this unfortunate corpfe, as the unna- 
tural daughter infulted the dead body 
of her father Tarquin ? Tell u^ at . 
once the caufe of thy approach, and 
deign to fignify thy pleaibre, that I 
who know how devoutly Chryibftom 

K a * obeyed 



t obeyed thee, wlien altvCy may, now 
' that he is dead/ di(bo(e his friends to 

* yield the fame cibedierice,* 

* I come not,* anfwered Marcella^ 

* (br any of the purpofes you have men- 
^ tioned, Ambrofioj but rather per- 
^ ibnally to deraonftrate how unreafon- 
^ ably people blame me for their owa 

* afBi£(ion, as well as for the deadi ah4 

* fufferings of Chryfoftom. I beg, 

* therefore, that all prefent wiH give ipe 

* the hearing, as it will be unnecefTkry 

* to (pend much time, or wa(te many 

* words, to convince thofe that are un- 

* prejudiced of the truth. Heaven, yoa 

* fay, hath given me beauty, nay, fucH 
^ a ihare of it, as compels you to love 
' me, in fpite of your refolution.s to 

* the contrary j from whence you draw 

* this inference, and infiit upon it, that 

* it is my duty to return your pafHon. 

* By the help of that fmall capacity 

* which nature has beftowed upon me, I 

* know that which is beautiful is lovely; 

< but lean by no means conceive, why 

* the objefl which is beloved for be« 

* ing beautiful, is bound to be ena- 

* moured of it's admirer j more efpe« 

* cially, as it may happen that this fame 

* admirer is an objef): of difguft and 

* abhorrence; in which cafe would it 

* be reafonable in him to fay, «* I love 
•* thee becaufe thou art beautiful, and 
'' thou mu ft favour mypadion, although 
** I am deformed V* But granting the 
' beauty equal on both fides, it does 
' not follow that the defires ought to be 
' mutual ; for' all forts of beauty do 
' not equally affe6l the rpe6latori fome» 

* for example, delighting the eye only, 
' without captivating the heart. And 

* v^U it is for mankind, that things 

* are thus difpofed; otherwife, there 
' would be a ftrange perplexity and con- 

* fufion of defires, without power .of 
' diftinguifhing and chufing particular, 

* obje£ls 5 for beauty being infinitely. 

* diverfified, the inclination would be 
' infinitely divided : and I have heard, 

* that true love muft be undivided and 

* unconftrained ; if this be the cafe, as 

< I believe it is, why /hould I conlirain 
' my inclination, when I am under no > 

* other obligation fo to do, but your 

* faying that you are in love with me? 

< Otherwife tell me, if Heaven that made 

* me handfome, had created me a mon- 

* fter of deformity, ihould I have had 

* cau(e to coniplainof you for not lov 

< ing me? Bendes> you are to coafider> 

that I did not clwre tha beauty I pcC 

fefs; fttch as it is, God was plea(e^ 
of his own free will and /avour to 
beftow it upon me, without any foii-« 
citation on my part. Therefore, as* 
the viper deferves no blame for it's 
fting, although it be mortal, becaufe 
it is the gift of nature ; ^either ought 
I to be reviled fojr being b^utiful s 
for beauty in a virtuous woman, Uk 
like a diliant flame and a ikarp fword 
afar off, whioh prove fatal to none but 
thoie who approach' too near thm« 
Honour and virtue ^e the ornaments 
of the foul j without which the body, 
though never fo handibme, ought to 
feem ugly. If chaftity then be oneo£ 
the virtues which chiefly adorns and 
beautifies both body and foul, why 
fltould flie that is beloved, iofe that 
jewel for which (he is chiefly beloved, 
' merely to fatisfy the appetite of one, 
who, for his own ielfifh enjoyment, 
' ^employs his whole care -and indnftry 
' to deftroy it ? I was born iree, and 

to enjoy that freedom, have Lcholen - 
' the folitude of thefe fields. The trees 
' on thefe mountains are my cqmpani- 
' ons ; and I have no other mirror thai)' 
' the limpid ftreams of thefe cryflal 
^ brooks. With the trees and the flreams 
^ I fliare my contemplation and mybeati* 
' ty } I am a dKlaot flame, and a fword 
f afar oW ^ thofe whom my eyes have 
' captivated, my tongue has undeceived j 

* and if hope be the food of defire, as 
' I ga;ve none to Chrylbftom, or to any 
' other perfon, ib neither can his deatb^ 

* nor that of any other of my admirers, 
' be juflly imputed to my cruelty, but 

< but rather,, to their own pl^ftinate de- 
' fpair. To thofe who obierve that bis 

< intentions were honourable, and that 

* therefore I was j)ound to comply with 

* them, I anfwer, when he declared the ' 

* honetly of his defigns in that very fpot 

< where now his grave is di^ii^, I u>ld 
' him, my purpofewas to live in perpe^ 

* tual folitude, and let thecnr^ alenft' 

< qijoy the fruits of my retirement, and 

* the fpoils of my beauty : wherefort^ • 

* if he, notwithftanding this my expla- 

* nation, perfevered without hope, and 

* failed againll thjc wind $ • it 14 no won- 

* der that he was overwhelmed in the . 
' gulph of his raihncfs. Had I cajoled 

* him, i fliould have been pei^ioiis ) 
' had I gratiiied his inclination, I flynild 

* have a6ied contrary to my own rea- 

* ibA and rdblutioo* Bu( oecanfe lie ^ 

< perfliled 

»dN -<^I|COTB» 


yerfifted«fter'I liftdejcplained mjrftlf, 
and defpaired before ne had caiue t# 
think 1 abhorred himy I leave you to 
judge whether or not it be reafonable 
to lay his misfortune at my door. Let 
him whom. I have (toGeivea complain^ 
;md lat him defpaii' tp whom I have 
broke my promife ; if X call upon any 
matt) he may depend upon mej if I 
admit of bit addrefTes, he may re<* 

i'olce in hi ft fuccefs : but why mould 
[ be fkiled a barbarous homicide by 
him whom I never foothed, deceived^ 
calledy or admitted } Hitherto Qeaven 
has not thought fit that I fliouid love 
by deftinys and the world muft a^- 
cufe me from loving by eleflion. Let 
this general declaration ferve as an 
anfwer to all thofe who folicit me in 
particular^ and henceforward give 
them to underftand, that whofoever 
dies for me, periihes not by jealoufy 
or difdain, for ihe who never gave her 
love, can never give juft cauie of jea- 
loufy; neither ought her plain-deal- 
ing to be interpreted into difdain. 
Let him who terms me a fierce bafililk, 
flmn me as an evil being; if any man 
thinks me ungrateful, let him refufe 
his fervicts when I aik them. If I 
have difowned any one, let him re- 
nounce me in bis turn $ and let him 
who has found me cruel, abandon 
me in my diftrefs : this fierce bafi- 
liflc, this ungrateful, cruel, fuperci- 
lious wretch, will neither ieek, ferve, 
own, nor follow you, in any ihape 
whatever. If Chryfoftom periihed by 
the impatience of his own extrava- 
gant defire, why fliouid my inno- 
cent referve be inveighed againft ? If 
I have preferved my virginity in thele 
defarts, why fhould he that loves me, 
wiih to fee me lofe it among mankind ! 
I have riches of my own, as you all 
know, and covet no man^s wealth. I 
am free, afid will not be fubjefled $ I 
neither love nOr hate any man ; I do 
not cajole this one, nor teazethat, nor 
do I joke with one, ordifcourfe with 
another i but amufe myfelf with the 
care of my goats, and the innocent 
converfation of the (hepherdeires be- 
longing to the neighbouring villages. 
My defires are bounded by thefe 
mountains ; or if my meditation fur- 
pafles thefe bounds, it is only to con- 
template the beauty of the heavens, 
thofe ftep^ by which the foul afcends 
to u*s orignal manfion/ go faying, 

without wutlng hr^fiy^tfiy^ flieti}r»« 
ed her back, and yaniibeduito athiciult 
on a neighbouring mountaioi Uaviiuj 
all that were prqfent equ^ly fiofprizeJI 
witl} her beautv and dtfcretion. * 

Some of the py/- ftanders being woun4^ 
ed by the powerful ihaf(s that weiaf 
darted from her fair eyes, manifeAed 9m 
inclina^iou to fellow her, without avaiU 
ing themielves of the iogciriuous declat 
ration they bad heard; which being 
perceived by Don Quixote^ who though^ 
this a proper occanonj for exercifmK 
his chivalry in defence of d^rtfM 
damfels; he laid his hand upon the 
hilt of his fword, and in a lofty and 
audible voice* pronounced, * Let no 
' perfon of whatfoever rank or degree, 

< prefume to follow the beautiful Mar- 
' cella, on pain of incurring my moil 

* furious indignation. She has demon-f 

* ftrated, by clear and undeniable ar<- 

* guments, how little, if at all, flie is 

< to be blamed for the death of Chry<' 

* foftom ; and how awdrfe (he is ta 

* comply with the defires of any of her 

* admirers; for which reafun, inftead 

* of being purfued and perfecfuted, (he 

< ought to be honoured and efteemed by 

* all virtuous men, as the only perfon 

* in the univerfe, who lives in iVich a 

* chafte and laudable intention.* Whe- 
ther it was owing to thefe menaces of 
the knight, or to t}ie advice of Ara- 
brofe, who defired them to perform the 
lall office to their decesfed friend, not 
one of the Oiepherds attempted to ftir 
from the fpot, untill the grave being fi- 
nilhed, and the papers burnt, the body 
of poor Chryfoftom was interred, not 
without abundance of tears ihed by his 
furviving companions. The gravf waa 
fecured by a large fragment of the roc\^ 
which they rolled upon it, till fuch time 
as a tomb-ftone could be made, under 
the dire£lion of Ambrofe, who was re- 
folved to have the following epitaph en* 
graved upon it. 

The body of a wretched fvirain, 
KillM by a cruel maid's difdain, 

in this cold bed negleQed lies. 
He liv*d, fond haplefs youth ! to prove, 
Th' inhuipan tyranny of love, 

£xerted in Marcella^s eyes. 

Having ftrewed the place with a pro- 
fu0on of flowers and branches, every 
body prefent condoled, and took leave 
of the af!ii6led executor; and Don 
Quixote bade faiewel to his kind land- 


BOM ^ixorr. 

Bjr than to Scfille, wUeh thqr fiudy wat 
a city I0 well adaj^Cnl for a d f cniui ct» 
ditt tlicjr oconrcd in every AiMig myv 
at tbe comer of every blisdaOcy. Our 
acTO tfitiMHwt uKni aioft oowteoQ]^ wot 
iSmr adric^ and tlie indinatioB tfar|r 
cxpreflfed to give him pleafiire| but af- 
Ibttd rheoiy ne neither could nor would 
let OQt for Seville, vntil h(B flianld have 
dearcd theft de(aru of the lobhors and 
Iwnditti y of vHamtbeywcMrnoitBdtii 

Thft ttafdlen fi^g^lnm dm Itoda- 
Ujdiiirauned,' imoortoned him nofar* 
iSt/BTf boty taking uava of hsn anewy 
purfiied their foiimejr» during which 
they did not fan to difcnfe the Any of 
MaioeUa and Chryfi>ftom, aa well as 
Aemadneft of Don Quixotes who, o» 
hit part rdolved to go in aneft of die 
flieplierdefty and oiler her all the ftnrke 
in nif power t hot this (cheme did not 
torn out acooidinff to his expe£bation» as 
vnll be idattd in &t coorfeof due faidi* 
fbl hiAory» die fecond book of which 
is here concluded* 


^^^m ^^^^^ ^^^^P ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^flr ^Hir ^If^ ^Hr ^^^ ^^^^ 







C H A P. I. 


HE fa^ Cid HametBe- 
nengeli relateSi that Don 
Qutxotei having bid adieu 
tohis emertainerty and to 
all who were prefent at the 
funeral of the ihepherd 
Chrylbftmn* entered, with his fquire^' 
the fame wood to which Mareella had 
retreated } where, when they had wan* 
dered about upwards of two hours, with- 
out feeing her, they chanced to find 
^emftlves in a delightful fpot, over- 
grown with verdant grafs, and watered 
by a cool and pleafant ftream } which 
was ib inviting as to induce them to ftay 
in it during the heat of the day, that 
now began to be very fultry ; the knight 
and fquue, therefore, difmounting, and 
leaving the afs and Rozinante at plea- 
fure to regale themfelves with the rich 
pafture, emptied their knapfacki andy 
without anv ceremony, attacked the 
contents, wnich they eat together likt 
^ood friends, laying afide all vain dif- 
tuftion of maAer m man. 
Sancho had bttn aino naina fo tether 

Rozinante; (ecure, as he thoujght, in 
knowing him to be fo meek ana peace- 
able, that all the mares in the mndows 
of Cordova could not provoke his con- 
cupLfcence. Chance, however, or the 
devil, who is not often found naroin^, 
ordered it fb, as that a drove of Galli- 
cian fillies belonging to certain YaQ- 
^efian carriers, happened, at that very 
inttant, to be feedins in the fame val- 
ley; for, it being me cuftom of thefe 
people to halt and refrefh themfelves and 
their beafts in places where there is plen- 
ty of water and grafs, they could not 
have lighted on a more convenient fpoc 
than that where Don Quixote chanced 
to be. It was then that Rozinante^ 
ieized with an inclination tofolacehim- 
felf with fome of thofe flcittifli females^ 
no fooner had them in the wind, than 
deviating from his natural diipofition 
and accuftomed deliberatioa, without 
aiking leave of his lord and mafter, he 
went off at a fmall trot, to xommuni* 
cate his occafions to the objects of his 
defire. But they, it feems, more fond 
of their pafture than of his addrefles, 
received him fo uncivilly vrith their 
hoofs and teeth, that, in a twinkling, 
bis girth was broke, his (addle kicked 
off, and he himielf remained in cuerpo» 
But what he chiefly fuifered was from 
the carriers, vdio, feeing violence of* 
Ifttd to their fluures^ X9m tothtir afift* 




a«ict ^h long nsn», wbicfi they ex- 
citiiied upon him To uoaercifully, that 
be fell proftrate to the ground, almoft 
tiMtered to death. 

The knight and Sancho feeing their 
Heed thus baftinadoed, made all the hafte 
they could to hit refcue^ the foimer 
mddrelRng the latter in this manner ; * J 
f perceive, friend Sancho, that thefe are 

* no knishts, but fellows of low degree 

* and inUmous dcfcest t thicpaftiipuJar 

* I mention, becaufe thoa mayeft now 

* .sfllft me in taking juft vengeance up- 

* on them, for the injury they Have 
< done to Rotinante berore my face.*— - 

* 3Vhat s^ devil of, vengeance can we 
' pretend tfi takej^atifwerod the fq^ire, 
' when they are more than twenty, and 
« we but two? Nay, I believe, if it 

* was put to the.tnal^-no'betttr t1»n 

* one and a half.'— ' I myfelf am worth 

* an hundred of fach vagabonds T cri* 
cd Don Quixote : and without uttering 
another iyllable, he unfbeathed hie 
fword, and aifaulted the Vanguefians, 
being ieconded by Sancho, who furred 
iMmmf to be rouieid and encouraged bjr 
the example of his ma^er :.aitfltindeed» 
the knight lent.tbefirft he met with 
liich a hearty ftroke^as laid open a \^^' 
^crn jacket he wore, together with a 
lai'ge portion «f his fhpulder. 

The carrier* ieetng themieWea thus 
maltreated by t|vo men jonly, took the 
benefit of their numbers, and ran to 
iiidaia one ^another with tbeif ftaves } 
then rqrro^ndisg the two aifailants, be* 
^aa to drjuD upon, their cgrcafles.with 
infinite eascrneM and dexterity. True 
k it, at the iecpnd application, Sancha 
fell to the e^rth i a misfortune that «l(b 
happened to his mafter i wh0| in fpite 
of all his own addsefs, tg^edier with 
the a/Iiltancc of his good ^^icnd, ioon 
found liimfelf ftretcl^d at the feet of 
Rozinante, who had not at yet been 
able to rife : from whence we may learn 
what furious execution is often done by. 
packftavesy when managed by the hands 
of fuch enraged clowns. 

The carriers perceiving the havock 
they had m^tde, thought proper to. load 
again with all .difpatcb,. and .purfue 
their journey, leaving ^«r adventurers 
>in mi^i^le plight afi4 doleful dilem- 
na*. The firH, that xecovered .the uie 
o|f his ienies ,was Sancho Pansaj. who, 
£nding hifnfelf laid along by .the fide of 
lut^ma(ler» pronounced, with a weak 
tvii I%a(ent9ibk.x«iic<% .*.$ir Po&.(2|i]|* 

r» Iff 

* ote! ah, Sir Don QtiiXoteT.-i-< What 
< wouMft thou have/lBrother Sancho Y* 
replied the knight, in the fame feeble 
and coBplaiping tone, • I wifii,* re- 
fumed Sancho, * your worflifp wtfold, 
' if it be Doflible, comfort me with a 
couple of gulps of that fame balfam 
.made by fairy Bias, if you have got 
any of it about you : perhaps it may- 
be ferviceable in bruifes and broken 
honrs,, is wtU ts in wounds and run- 
ning fores.*—' Would to God I had 
it here, unfortunate wight that I am !* 
cried Don Quixote, * but I fwear ta 
' thee, Sancho, on the faith of a knight- 
errant, that ere two days pais, if fomc 
mifchievous accident doea not inter- 
vene, I will have it in my pofleilion, 
if my hands do not very much mif- 
give me^*—-' tn h»w many days doea 
your worfliip. think we (hall be able 
to move our feet?* faid the fquire. 
With regard to myfelf,* anfwered the 
battered knight, • I really cannot fijf 
any numbelrof days j but this I know, 
that I alone am to blame for what hat 
happened, .ip cQQde(t:ei«iing to ufe my 
fword again ft antagonifts who were 
not dubbed and knighted like myleif.' 
I therefore. ^r)9)iy£slieve, that as a 
puni(hment for h^viag tranfgrelled the 
iayvs.of clvvajry, thf-Gedef battlet 
hath permi^d me tn receive this dtf- 
^raceful chaftifement ; for whi^h rea- 
ion) brother Sancho, ir it pft>per thnt 
thou ihouldft be appriaed of what I 
am going to fay, as it may be 6f great 
importance to the fafety of us boths 
whenever thou ihalt fee us infulted or 
^iggrieved for the futui«» by fuch raf- 
cally feu mi thou (halt nQt wait for 
my drawing upon them» for I will in 
no (hapemeddle with fuch unworthy 
foet};but lay thy hand upon thy 
fword, and with thy own arm cha£> 
tite.thcm to thy heart*i content; hut 
flKHild any knights make up to their 
defence and aQiftance, then (hall I 
know how to proteft thee, and affault 
them with at{ ray might j and thou 
art already convinced,- by a thoufttid 
amaaing proofs, how fare^itendt the 
valour of this my invincible arm.* So 
arrogant waa the poor knight beoome 
by his vi^ory over the valiant Bifci^aH* 
Thia wbole(ome advice, however, 
was not ib mugh veh(hed4»y Sancho, 
bi)t that he vplied, ' Sir, I am a quiet, 
< meek, pea^paUe UHm/ and oan digeft 
*• aftjF iBJWj* .bt k «ev«r io terd i foe I 

< havt 

bew <^i£6ter 


^mtivaiii ftml Mng up: #h^rtfet«/ 
*' ytnm^^^riUf ffince I^cailiielf k^ 
^ tajF ooMnmandft upon) yoii^' «%r(Mf , 

* that I wUl iin no fliape %4iftfevC¥, ufiT 
<• my ^tH»d agaifift*eithtr kUfgllt ^r' 
*. kaattf titd that htAetf^9r#0d)*in ttte 

* fight of Ood, I fergivt «tl injiirics 
' Mft» prttet, or to oome^ ^ich I 
<^ havt ui«tdy i«e«iv«d, tt iki^ {M^fttit' 
<• tuMt fttfefy or may h««after widirgct, 
*' frofli My f0tfytk wlifttlbevcr, W^h «r 
< I0W9 rich or poor» gtiifl^ df fitnplfc/ 
*' witj^t tttceptioa to rank or tirouih- 

Hit iiitflw hMuiag thi* d^darailoiiy 
lafiMted, f 1 Willi tbo gi4«Vott« pain I' 
fni in fhit Fib would ahioe a Httte,' 
£> at. tint I tosltf f]itak for » fNir Mo- 

fncnttwichotiAy aiitf oonrhiceihise ^f 
•hy 4am0abl« oryor, Finta. HsMc 
ya OM^' finMrt fuppoTo the gale o^ 
fortwie, which jiath been Kitiftrta £b' 
ad^eipitf (koakl change in our.(avoui-»^ 
and fiwiltHkg the (k\H of o«r 4atffe,' 
coodoa t» faftly,' without the teaft' 
ivipodinenty into the haven of Ihme' 
4>Ae of thoio tflamU^hich I hw^ pR>- 
nifeddife: what would betdme or thy 
Vift:«tched affairs, if after I hod won* 
and gi<Ven ft into thy poflledton, tiidu* 
fiiouldl^ froftrate my totontion, by' 
thy lack of knighthood* ambition,' 
vatoqr and oourago to revenge thf 
^i^ongt, «or. defetid thy goremment i' 
ifW I'WO»k! have thee to know^ that 
m wil new-con^ultred ktii^iDs or* 
-fttttriWia) the frtenib of rheif n«tnral' 
oiaAei^a^e never fo qttiet or reeoa-' 
died to their new foverdgn, ae to 
diCpti all fear of fomefreCh inftirree-' 
tion, (k> alter the gOvemrident i^in,' 
and, af the layiag h, tiy fortune onee 
inore« it is therefore requifite that the 
new pofieflbr (hould h4ve uAderfkin<l<* 
tng to govern^ refolutidn t6 pvniflt. 
Mid vaiour to defend hiiflfelf^ in eafe' 
of any fueh ftecrdent.' ' 
f l4iithi« lad acekit^t whi^h hadi he- 
fallen «*,\fek! SAftcho^, < I wr(K the 
J^d hadpleafed to give me th&tTame 
UAdoKtttfkiing and valoiYf yonf wok*-' 
fttip Vftehtione: bift I protieft, %pon 
^ho everd of a foor' finner, that I lafm 
atpri^ent more fie for a (eardoth thAn 
^fahc^ni^fotion.' " See4f.yottrw6r- 
Ihip can make fliift to rife, and theli 
we will give hv» afiiHanec to Reel* 
Mfitc» though it faempi^tfaiiiihe'i^ 
itffet} for he wa« the principal c«itt(c 

' toilld f bHi^h 1\}C|( ^ 'thing of, Xti^*; 

* • nafite, who I tdways thongtit yhi' ti^ 
« <*afte«tid"fobera ptfibtt i^ Wiyfttfj* 

* but thi»*vAifie* ffle'cbmtftoh rtmiifk,^ 

* Ihat ybh niuft "keep eompany h lon^ 
« 4ime -with- a m^n b^fotcyoti .know 

* htm thoMtt|;My^ kttd tfiat there is no-] 

* thing certain ih thi« life. Who fcottld* 

< have thOQght thet ^fb htt^e ba^k- 
« ftrokes^tnr worfhip dealt fo ht^rtily^ 

* to the oniutky- traveller^ ^u!d p6^ 

* followed, as it were poffehaile; by^ 

< ^uch a mi^ty tempeft of blows; it! 

* (oft now <filchsrged itf^tf upon dOr. ' 
« ihouidei-ff.**^* Thy carcaib, Saiichd/ 
(kid Don Qg^lxote, ' was fohiied for eh-'^ 

* during (bch ixmgh wefttHer^ ^^^ 
' Itmbi ^were tenderly norftd In fSn^ 
••wool eMd Ane linen i iiftd thettfbre 
' muft feel t&ott fenfiU/the paiih of tKt 
« difbomfmntf ant! if t (D<^iibt bdieiFe' 
^ (believe l^Id Q if t were poit Hertk^^ 
*' mat aH thefb tneonreifientles are fnft- 
«" parably inmeited to- tHe e«ertfft br 
*' kmfts, I would Ke ffill ^here ( tttij^ 

* and die with pure vexation.^ . • 


* "Seeing the^ misfortum are tbe tti|i-^ 
••'turtl crops of chiiralry, pray gobd^ 
••'yoorwoiihip, do they happen at jdi* 
' times of the year, or only*nil at $0^^ 

* appointed (e^Abn^ becaufe, ipr my fim** 
« pie conjefture, two fiteh harveftt wHl* 
^ leare us altogether intapabW Hf itiab** 

< ing a thihl, if <^Qd, of hik IHiinte] 
<- mercy, wiFI not be plealei tb fyad[ 

* trs extraorflrtiary 'fb^ooiir.'— *^ Thw»* 

< muft know, fHend Santbb/ anfwehtd^ 
Dbn Qmsote, « that the lifeof akntght- 

* "errant is i^bj<ft to attiotiAttid dangers] 

< bnd miffiapss btit thehhe' enjoys tKe' 

* felf-fame cbance of beln| i ktn^ er^^ 
'CfirtieBOr, at eipetience qentojiffratts* 

< 'to have been the tafe dt divers aitd' 

* l^ndrykiughtk, thebtftofy of whcte 

* fires I atn |)eifc£Wy well acquamtedT 
•^ .'with' J and I-coiyTd now relate,, if thi»| 
*■ 'j>ain would' jpfe me leave, the forfnijfet 
♦- of'fomci vmo^ by their valotir ilxifts^ 

* have rifen to that (bpreme- 6t^r^ %^ 
<"and tliofe very oeribna, both befarf( 

* and tfter tb^ mepdl, have tinder* 
^ 'gone various ealamitiei and StliifHoft^ 

* witndl the valiant An»<^^ ^^ Gaii). 
*' who law bimfeff in fte power^of bis, 

* mortal enemy Arcalaus the inchantei^ 

* of wbvnft'ttit (kificUtly alfirafied) tHat 
< whiU 4ie knight waaliie pcifbnel^, h4 

* cavfcd bim V9 be bovibd to a pillar in 

L 'hit 


Qeil Q5}l>X7S^ 

liundred ftripet wi^ tSe reins of l$it 
liorifi*s bridle^ There U likewi(e.» 
certain lecret fudwr ^ no iinall m- 
dit, who lelaltBf that the knight of* 
the fun was caught in a trap in a cer- 
tain caftle, and falling found himfelf 
tied hand and foot in a deep dunge^ 
; below |;^und| where was adminifteifd 
[ unto hiRi one of thoie things they qill 
. clvftersy compofed of (and and water, 
, which had well-nigh oofr hiih Ids life !> 
. and if he had not been iuccoured in 
.that perilous conjunfture by a fagc m4o 
. was his good friend, the poor knight 
would have fared very ill. Wiwre- 
"fore what hath happened to me, may 
.eafily pafs unheeded, among thoie 
I much greater a£fn>nts that fuch worthy 
' people have undergone: . befides, I 
would have tliee know, Sancho, that 
it is never reckoned an affront to be 
wounded by thofe inftriiments wtitch 
are cafually in the hands of our ehe- 
'« mies| for it is expre&ly mentioned in 
the Jaws of dueliiag, that if a flioe-- 
mater beats a man with a laft he has 
■by accident in bis hand, the man 
cannot properly be faid to be cudgd- 
led, althott^ the faid lail; was mado 
[ of wood. This particular I mention, 
' that tho« mayeft not .fuppofe us af- 
fronted, although we have been 
mauled in this uolucky frayj for the 
weapons with which thofe men threft- 
ed na^ fo leverely, were no other than 
their own packftaves }. . and fo far as I 
^ can remember,.there was neither tuck> 
^ poignanH nor fvord afsong them.* 
' * They did not give me time,* an- 
fwered Sancho, * to make any fuch ob- 
fervation : for fcarce had I laid iqy. 
£ngers upon my Toledo*, when tbcf e 
ndned a ihower of cudjoels unon Jsy- 
poor ihoulders, that banShed the light 
from my eyes, and ftrength from my 
< feet, and laid roe flat upon the fpot 
^^ where I now lie,.not./o much co^- 
{ cemed about thinking whether this 
drubbW be an affront or not, as 
about the intolerable^ pain of the 
i blows,.: which, remain Imprinted upon 
^ my memoiry as well as upon my earn 
'. c^e.*^ Notwithitanding all this 
^ con\praining,^.faid the icnight, f I 
f/aver, brother Sancho, that there is no 

< remmtlbmim '^Ik^ tte dMt-iRir 

* tfyQ$, nor.paitt thai: dy«rh 4em nor 

* f«move«*«r^ Alid,.pmy, what greater 

* misfoGMme cani' there be,* aalwcred 
Supclio, ( than that which nothing hot 
'.time can remove, or death -p«ta ftop 

< to f If this aaifliap' of o«irs>were ^cb* 

* a one as might be ciired widi a coii|de 

< of fnipe of feardeth, it wonki not be 
'< altogether Sa venatiousi but to §bi at* 

< I can iee, all dK ^aifter of an hofipi- 
*taik wHi nee be fomcient to fet oe de- 
*. verly • on our legs again .* 

'. < Truce with thy refleaioiis,^ r^died* 
Don Quixote^ < and colle£^tng Cboigth' 
' out ofweaknefs^ as 1 4iriU endeavour 
'•, }et us tiii and cxiOMaeRoai*' 
<. name's «ftft I fo«» in nH UpMaiance, 

* the poor beat hath not fufired the" 
«:leaft p^rt.of the iMsf(wtuiiev*<ip«^That* 
*M '^ot .( wandered at|* laid- dir 
ffuici^ * he b«ng a knight^errant aUb}* 

* bwt what ^rpnaes tm nsofl ta, diaf 
<, i|^4app}f Oioaild get off wkhont pay- 
'.jt^hisicort, when we are fimcdall 
<'Over»*-*-' Deftti^) when one doer is 
*v ihot, ^w^rs kavas another open» is a 
'.reibuisee in all calamities,* faid Don 
Q^xote^ ^ this I obferve, becauft thy 
*,afs wiJi nowfupply the j^ceof Roat* 

* nante, and cany me rrom hence to 

* .fome.caftle, where my ^rounds ma^ibe 
'cured i more efpedally aafoch carriage 
'^^ will be no diflionour to chivalry ^ for 
« I remember to Have read, that the 
' good old Silenui, tutor and compa- 

< ti'ign of the jolly |;od of mirth and 

< wine, entered the ci^ of the hnadved 
f gates, lolling at .his eaie upon a moft 
f comely afs.*--»< It may be verv tnie,that 

< he rode upon an.afs,* replied Smcho; 
*^ but these is tomt difiereoee, I appre*- 
*' hend, between ridings and lying amfa 
f kkt: beaO; like a. bag of dirt.* To 
tifs isbfervatioB tjie knight aafweiBd, 

< Thoie wounds which are receiivediA 

* battle, may well givei but can never 

* deprive one of. honours therefoce» 

* friend Sancho* do as I bid thae, wi^. 

* o|it farther reply j get up as well aa 

* thou canft, and lay me upon dapple 
' )uft as thonihalt find moft^convanwat, 

< that' we may be gone befost ni^t 

* comes to furpriae -us in tins vnm* 

* quented place.* 

* And yet/ laid. Sancho^ * I here 

; * Tisoas, whfeh is the word in the ori^nsl, it a romsntiek naine ^ven to the Utifrd 
Sha( beWnged to Roderick I^ias da Bivar rk^ famoas Spaing general aga^ift the Mocns. 

DAK Qgtxfyjti Si 

tiifwlm kiii^-emnit to«ileep iqKm «vgo» ^without futber depalhil«nMi» • 
<a »m wi t -iadtothtthegrtyteftp«t 
«r dM 7^^ mye, «nd to be thankful 

for thttr good foftVDe in fading able C H'A P. 11. . 
lb to do.V^^ Yet/ fatd the lauf/bt^ 

whooi D^ dado so betinr»^«r an in rxs ADTltirTtMLB T«ii,T ba9TEHUB 

lovci and tiiit it £> tiiif» tha| thnt to tsu SAOAGioi^i KKieHr At 

was a knid^ wbo lay upoo.n bare tub mil, which 'tft tuttoot 

rock, expo&d to the fultry noon and ' FOU a CAiT&i. 

midnight damps, nnth jU the inde- / i ' ^ '^ 

meacim of the inrmthcr^ dnring two ^T^HE in^riceeper feeing Om^mroik 

whole veam, bcfom hia miflaeft ichei^ X laid ndmift the nft^ndced whilt w^ 

any thmg of |he a&atter r tfatt wat no Iht matter ? to which i&terroghtion San^ 

^ oiber than. Amadis,'whos|i siffnnung the cho refdaed, * Nothing hnt a #^ htwBtk 

name/of. BeUenebfoifr todb npuhit <. whkhmymafkrhasrec^tMd^'a^ill 

qnartera upon the naked mck^ . m.thfe f ifom m • Mk ib ihie«ni^^hb6d^hbod.^ 

%iace of other eight ywyt, or eioht The landUkfyi vwho difftftd* inrdi^fi* 

moodia» I netlly d^ not lunenMr liBnfrofi«idft4f'Yodrhmfctfq^N%iVfei|\y that hfs remained .doinj^ 'bUnjgf n|dl]«fttty dhiritable atid jf^fnpa' 

penanee. na diat place, for feme diA thtzingavittf the dalamiti^ of h^^liour* 

guft iieam to. hia dame Ori^ cmatuita, came numing to ike ^liefo^ 

anas but tntce widiftiut oonveHation; the battered knighty and brOiigh> '%^ 

Saneho, and make hnft^ before filch dmighter^ wboWataveryhandftmie^l| 

aacAher accident can happen to thy towfttntakiogcateof her|nelh-lnm 

htBM&t aa that which hath ahrcndy be^ was in the fame houfe a fenratft mail 

£llltnRosinante/ fram the Aftnriei, remarkable for her 

< Odds my lifel that would be <he capacious oonntenance, tbeetle-browM^ 

^^'divtl, indeed V cried Sancho, who ot- flat-noftd, bKnd'of one eye, and bldtred 

laring. thudty ah*s and (oar oh*8 ! toge-» in the other t true- it it, the gentility of 

ther with » hundxcd. and £fty ola'sl her ihape made amends fer her other de: 

^d curAn upon himiwholiad brought feds ) ftie was fimMtbiBg iiott of (bven 

him -to that pnfa, raiftd him&lf up, bands from bead to foot, anid moreorer 

though he could not for his ibnlftand inciuibered £o much by htr -AiouUlers, 

upright, but in Ipite of all his efforts, that ihe was obliged to contemplate the' 

temnined bent like a Turkiflibow; and doft beneath her fieet oftener -than fli^ 

llnd in thatattitode, with infinite labour, could hwra wiflied. 

made Ihift to equip his ais, which had This comely creature, with the afltft- 

alfo gone.a little anray, prefuming unon ance of the other damiel, made u^ a fort 

the cxceifive licence of the time; he tnen of forry bed for our hero in a garret," 

lifked up. RoBinante,wiio, could he have which gave evident tokens of havine 

^ttd a tongue to complain with, would been formerly an haj-loft, and in which 

49ertainly have furpafled bodi hia matter at that time a certain carrier had taken 

and $ancho in lamentation t. in lliort, up his quarters, in a bed of his own 

the^uire dtfpofed of Don Quixote upon making, a littleon one fide our knight*s : 

the ais» to whoie tail Rosinante was and though his couch was compoled of 

tied 3 then takn^ his own dapple by the the pannds and fnmimre of his mulee, 

halter, jogged on fometimes f after, it had greatly the advantage'over D*n' 

ibmetiaBca flower, .towards the place Quixote*s,<.whichconfiftccionly of fbar 

whera he oonjeftured the hif^ road to rough boards, fupported on two benches' 

lief and, indoed, they had not exceeded of unequal height,' covered by a mattras,' 

sdhort ieagne,~when by oood luck, £> thin it might have polKid for a quilt,' 

which now (eemed to take the manage* and foil of knots ib hard as to be mif- 

mmt of their albirs, they aerivcd at taken for . pebble- ftones, ^had not the 

fht highway, and diicovered an inn, wo6l appeared through diWaopeDini^/ 

ivhich, to • Sancho^a great grief, was with a couple of fiicets made of hulTs' 

midaken for a caftle by the joyful hide, and a blanket To bate that- you 

fca^^. This difibrance of opinion might have counted cvrty threadi with- 

begat an obftinate diipott that laAsd out ipfingoneof theredconing, 

vntil they acpivBd 9$, Hfk plBce^ iatuk |a t^ia wrdt^jied bed, Dqb Qghtetir 

La hnving 

9^ VBIlLtpiSLOfTmf 

9iul her daughter, whil^ Mviconiei f tvigiMW| Mdiiy pcoate- ibwiMMn i 

(that was the Aftii|iasi> want) ftcdd » |tt in. «r A df m thrar M* iM«i 

bard fajr boiling 9 ftilb^irr^labdlMly, f iMdi adoi^Rri i»ikfed^ i^H^lMftef 

in the conrle of ber application,' per- * QonC^dtBg^t >i^e(lW •tkia^xMb^ 

fV»«f^M Mfte't vAoit fapd|i blaci ^ baig»»^^iftUv ioMm and I wjflblj 

mi Wll«*!^wmd that 4«ft i^Mrky ^^li^t^M^'iiKtMttbaivgdRb 

Ifm^ JRtbff tW^ rtftfli, wi idivbbing <. Umpn^fhopt^lbr ilv M Wiiii 

than of a fiill ^ but Smbs iil|rai«|:flie « in SifmiJ . ' j/ i 

V»*' nifftakeii) and ^t ibi marie m Tfe >tft '|N >»>^g >iftMw<» atMa iiarit 

#lM!<ki4|»f^P#t inqtfMinthy' ift^l^^ fo ddf ivhS«'G0it«n6tMin,«it vp ni bii 

MJi cMfvt of «^ )M4ir^a»bfcx«iild,aplttlMii9bi(| 

kf.^ t < ^M»d IMMT 1 tl|iin|!(if V 6M jmlladr br tbe tend/ < JMiira «4 

ti% :*|IW»W Mtriia<b tnantiaHttttti^flb 4 b^puitkiA:Uiffy,Vfiud ht, «i»««fa4 

ft.M:fff j||iif»«4ittk«f imif ^infaMni raoeount foufftlf fxtMMlfiia^ 

* «ir kmOl ^tiMM JBttia^bm^i^ 4f :baving!«tbim>oav cafttei ar-inrlbd 
f 4W«wi)lMa#B|««i6w0ftbliM9dw «<a»vMic|^f(£BiEh«g(wilt>tbatif r 
; ilfffMllMiVtr* Wbil^N^^ ftM f.l«aii»liiin«>^itini#«;adboiM«fili^ 
f ;toor ftid iMi. n cm't tiiit^ yStoifafiiWinffi that feif^uMJai^Afci 
Mi<iMe4 Ibtt «hiifa» but I «Mi« bl> ^ifion. it iit^ffiift fc)f^di%na|cu Aff 
tJtfNK b|r Ma^ ivy iMfter tuiidifei <. ^»^ haauHe^, ^IcihtiaaM M» I 

lami 'wbdt i ttMciit laniklf 'lirtllt^^ 
fnriiif yptvdiiii i «ri|k, to.aU ctamityi - 

^-^ ^ -_^ ^^, __^ prt£brve oigrraen upMi^|lMi4abli|'if 

't|iA daigbtltt. < ll nMrfflf hsvr « tny'matmn/ tfati bc m »a te ttaryi« <ii| 

.f^fi^ft driaaiidth»t( imiiJfailiilg ft«m < day vouchiafed titteiM, tbarilMq^ 

^'A^ightowaff.vitlwtttevcrammsgto f be;gral^fqr tbefavawv "^Mbf M- 

J *lha gipuad I and» lipMi i»n)|iaK, haM * liia iiali vBrnain^ And^ ob'l 4tat i^ 

<<^f«lttByftlf bniii^iwdibatlxM^ttif < pladhdyouiHtavinfiipmiu^iibaHoMl 

*^4'J^ad afibi^Hy got a gicatfaH.W < hadnotlb««mquUbddand«i#a«Mlai3^ 

*.^,^iA«#r««fiMiJiiairatt < btnrt to. te trionipkBii(iJey^ o§ thy 

^.U t|^ pOiMi I» MnthfHir < beantiM ingrat»*\vJiaii| I n^wr tnoNi 

VaUi b«(t «ii «he contaraty^ bci|ig aa * tbtei ba t a wen my tectb^ bvttthatdiii 

* br^fml tumkit at I aMttbiapitciout < diannt of this amiable y«u8g M^ 
« .miM^t UiQtA ainDi^ft a$ awiy aiarlLa < oouid be the atkthor««f My fnadem^t 


< tipoii'my own fliotildeidf at you havo The good woaMMii ber dMgVler; :lin| 

* 'Obiisi[Wi>ii|ien'tbiBfirof ityinalierDon the gtntie Maritomot, were tfteriflinl 
a Q^'t^Ui*'^* ylhaA k the Bsnie of ^ at tbia ibapfcdy, which tbsy nndttr^ 

< that bmght?^ ikid* fhe ^Aibriaai> « Aeod aaoMiebat if khadbten deliw 

< DcttC^xotodeLaMKncha^' anffsipv ^ ^rered in Gfpcki though tktf cutAA^ 
md ikufffmen ^fae it aknigbt-adfcn^ eafily comprehendy tl^tthe wbots aft 
^ ttur^V^ 001^ of'the- gveateft and itfrndedtoeompliaMnt andpr^ffcttfot 

< moft vallantsjtetihaive been feen in tbia i^icc vas tbey wcra thcrcfefe altagethas 

< worM ^ar inafty agot.'***^* And what tmagcnton^ td ibcb hMgnagty ifaayr 
a ia a' knight-4idrQfttiu«r r ritfumed Iha gaaed tit bink with «dniii«tioni aa a poM 
wanicb* *ilU't*3rQii.ibcb'«.faebiing aa fim (xf a 'diierent fpQmai'oai.-qdKp 
i not .t9 ksoff that ^* cried Sancho | men;- and liaving thanked biia for hi# 
^.wfUf rU ttU yaii» mitefs ef mine^ Hauntiff in their tapAer ahfale»^ Mt 

< m bnigi»k'*o4ytDtiil«er ita.ditng» that ban tsi bb itpolei while the Mmdut 

* before yov 'oo«at>a couple* may be» MaritaraeaaidintniftecedtoSaacba»^«iMl 
« KitM and be crowned: to-day beta W ai Mwch'need^f aftfiaaee aa-bia 
«ib(e'»iiiQft defpicabk and begg^ly 'mafttr. . ; > ^. i, 
furrftobiipoii eaitb»;aDd'to*moerowiMi Sheaad the oarrier bad^fliacie aa af« 
^ wiU bi|«^^ biace of kin^dome toibew -iignatiaa la difMHiemielve that aight|: 
\ ftfyni|K>ahiai^iUiai^V^ Modunfca/ Wf^ flie bad givea hor ^aord Hmm 
ijMi tbetlaadW^^* ^ fteinf yaa appCr^ ibcai 4a lUb fompaiiy lioald ba ^aie^ 
l.tM taiwab a'giatt'maof raa aagbt aad *h^ oafter andaHftfela iflecpi. tii 
« toFbeaeattatatleBft/-«^Attin^gMi annU laftt bh» in tbt darkv aad-gM 
^ iHaO mpUod Sanctef 4 we bpve jQt biavatt d^ fiaitfaAioa Jia4efiwl ^aa^ 

pOt^ t^tJKOTIU 

l^iAtA it ii MipM» ^^ Mmut of 

t#..perfipnti hdr fRmiln ai that load 
pmaua|hr»ftllhdqgktka>j^ hadhmttmJk 
^dMtmdMlof ft heathy aad^utoftiio 
bntisK o£»U mdrace^- Ibr )iiie Talnod 
Jittfelh^ mud! .updn .Ikt geoiilitf, aad 
did' mt.iK»t lo^ nfot k'lU any affivnt 
fiQ. hm iofznt at. an mhy b«ca<ir«i fluiob* 
jftrvedj difappQiatiQeBta aadi misforto^tfa 
Wd redact that coaditMn, 

•The faMi of Bon QguaM^ «4itcl| vt 
}lftTe defbribcd £] |iaiid» lil. narrowf ccaay ^ 
and uniSQOlfbitablti^ flood idrrmoftr au^d 
pnwBiy ia thcmMk af thit ruiaMia 
hKf-Mti Iiardh)rhad8aa€h6takaniip 
hh qaartan upon a raflk-ioati covered 
wkh a niff,.<wliich fecisad to be «nanu« 
hS^md of hettm» father.ihatt wool ; aad 
|all «f attiaoa the aairitr't ceuck» ooai* 
foMt aa «» have already faid^ of the 
jpaiwli aasd: fiamitareot hit two heft 
jtiihiiat tibr lia had. no kfa then twdoa 
ylwiayi 0ae^ aad aotab]abeafte» being 
paa .M ihertDcheft eaimrsiiD Aravalo» 
ajKriiay t» the ayOtt o£ theaudmrot 
fUa-hiimyi'who itiikrftptftiflohy dsea*! 
fiili a£ hiiB» aiad iavaiheluHvr hinf fer^ 
iMUf . velU aay, (ome go fo far aa to 
afiinn^ tiiat he was his dwttat felatioa« 
|Mi«hie aa st Ml, €id ttaioet Benengeli 
laaa « ma/it curiona hiftoriaff» and pnac^i 
jMlto adiilirAtian» aa apjMara fioai what 
)Mdl%aen rctlatsdt whieb« though ia it<« 
fM laieaDand :tnfial» he would by no 
iBMeHa-faia wrer . In filence* .This ought 
te-#rveaa aa-cxaaHiile to thoft impor* 
jtoflft aind. weighty hiftoriajltv who re^ 
fooat Qventa £q ^ceia^ily aad fupedl^ 
ftttXiff that- the reader can.foarcc gat a 
fturkofthem^ wbilttheaioafubiaa- 
tiai arciMiteiicea are Jeft» as it wcffe» 
i^.thfoi^^hora^ through cafe)cilAera» ig» 
paeMMOk eod maltce« AthoufiKidtimee 
Kleftdbe. the authors of Tabbtate and 
Rinaainnte, and hethatCoiapUed thato^ 
ther bank* in which are recounted the 
aichicvemeattef Count TomtUat I How 
piu6baliyhave they deicrtbtd the rooft 
»iiDitfft partkiilar|i*-BuJt, to return to 
bar t»ry»: 

The earner having ri£ted has cattle^ 
aad Men them their night's aUowanee» 
flntofiad btrnfelf upon bis:|)aaReJs^ in 
eijwftatiqnof the raoft faithfoi Mari-t 
miea » whik Saachb» pbtAoml alloveri 
^»d biiddied up in bis, keaad^ endea« 
voatad^wtthaUbiaaughttoiUepi bat, 
tbft.-a(idBg isbe would .by ao 
kaeani dikm biai to tajoy thai fi^tiifac^ . 


«• i.« 


___! aM -Wm^Midm *tt.m Akif 
uMoMsetabkmM ky like . aJbMB» 
with bisaijw ^ak open^ • JL srpiMioA 
ikaoe peifaad .thtwighoiil the. wbaif 
houiey mwhkbebiittwkateotkaitfiglli 
than a kiapftnek upia4he^aft||af m4 
daa iponderf nl ^akt^ t f i gNHiir Uri ah lha% 
lefefthma wbiob always oecaaoed la oaa 
haiahi, wrktiagtatheefaaUoaatinaally 
leeiSskA ia the books of cktetU^^ that 
if ft difiardeied hkondarAaadk^« likf^ 
thbk aeAtakna>itiggeiddt»larfta^ 
4aft€f the ftraagdk whiaiaithat ea* eft4 
tared a aum'a .imagtaatkiw - Thk iaa|| 
aa other. than a. ml: poifivfioa jjbaft ba 
waaacttvcd atteie niaaaeoBaAlai fat^ 
aetwehavebcfaraobkrtrbd^ diehaiana 
ha lodged at kenned cancaao hksf aatt 
thaiibe.landkfd*ft4tiiakarwu the gat 
Yritaer's only chtldr itmtmptamA kf 
hie genteel .aj^peftraac^^ 
deeply enaraaared of hiaa^ 
tuauy peoeaifedto^ aaoNv «titbaat.ika 
knowledge oi bet pareata^ and pafa the 
bei pvt of the Wght in faoA with bka* 
Bettering^ there£m» tbiachtnKfa.^whkk 
one the work of bia.owfi brtia) la 
ba a'finiand andoubtad iaa» hobcgaa 
to reflet with extremeanxktj ttnoB tfaa 
da^^fctoaa diknuiaa into wbick laa irir* 
tae¥^s lika to be dkawai and jafideai 
ia bis heart to conmitaotraafoagaiaft 
hk miftrek I>alcinea dal Tobo/b | eiaft 
f bough <tgeen iGinebfa heektf; and the 
X«ady Qwntaniana.iiould make hka a 
iender ot tbebr&voara* 

. WhilebiaaMadwaeongroliedbytfaeib 
extravagant kiiciea» the miur of afligaa^ 
tka- amved» aad aa unlucky hour it 
was for him, when the kind AAuenn', 
barefoot and tn^herfiaock* haying her 
kair tucked up under a fuftian aigbt^cap^ 
entered the apareoicnlinwhkh-the three 
guefts were lodaed^aad witkfileaoe aoid 
caution direded her ilepa towarda the 
neft of her beloved canrkr. But Ibaroe 
had Ihe got witbia the door> when her 
appmach waa perceived by our kaightf 
who, fitting up in hk bed, in ^iia<^ 
hu plailkrs aod the aehiog of bianbf^ 
Aretched forth bit anaa to .receive Ak 
beautiful young lady, who» on her paft 
bolctiag in her breath, moved kfiiyoft 
ker tiptoes, groping her way witk bcr 
heads before ker. 

While Ibe cbua oepe along* ia quA 
of berkveiv fteebaaeedtocoawwitkik 
in avmaMkagih of :Deii<MaoaB^ wka 
laid faA bold of hm by ike wrift* ^ad 
without bet daring tofoaak a fyllabk, 


a , . -.J 

HON- <i^iKorn, 

Mlira' bif tOMSMS RsA^'-fdn iBnt im lusf^hiok AWMOBySodiinaBtinii'p^rerfviS' 

it«lowiiufonlitsbed{>iittiiMilcklicv hit 4Dxy fom the waaneatfb/ieamted, 

hooekf mash, tlwugi iMde of the KftcAed attentiivly to evCry thiag thac 

•ouricft am¥i», to him f e iid m flwft of Don QuoMto fticl) md bekig jctloao 

AtiiiNftnKlMMjMni} theftrbgof tfaMAhoAAoriaii had broke her pmift 

l^t b«do Ihe^vort iteiit her wni^ in to him, i&oidtr torluep h odtb aaottev 

feippwhiaftoaj ootflipiietliebriglittft cvB^tManr the bed othb rival, to«i«k 

ogkMl ynrit her h«r, which bcke the sflbe of thit rhapMy, themerniii^ 

4bme leMttUMte tD*a hodft't«i«M| ha of which hs ooaid mc comprdiend t 

Miftoofc fortbfeada of ptnre Andnan obferviag, howavar, that the weBcH 

CU dntCfan aeHpfeditJia i^tkndor of ftmggied to g;et loofe, and that tha 

fiiftl andherbieatb^ which doiibt«4 haioibt endeavooitd to deUan- her, ho 

Mb fiatlt tamg of broken auat and conid' not reKAi th« Joke, bnt liftii^^ 

pvlicki hit fiuwf co u f artad mto aaar»* hit ana on high, difchaii^ fiidi a' tar- 

«NHick flsfoii^' 'pnceaditti^ fiom » her riblciUow on the bnthoni*jawt of tho 

driicilenootkt laflMity hiainagiBa* enamoured Don, atf bath^ bit^whola 

tmt mfatftnthd ber in tba^fiinie fiorm and coontananea in blood } and 'not iatis jltd 

fixation >wi(b that of a certain princefty with thit application^ jumped upon hit 

foooidtd intone of hit bookt»wbo aune tibt,; and trawiHad over hit whoia caA 

to vi^ a wcwmM kh^t of whom-iha cafe,, at a pace ibmoarbalt omiedinfe'thai 

atat enamonredi with til tbao^ cni* of a briik trot» until the bed, which W«% 

baUifluMMiiheradaftribad. Nay,fiMh none- 'Of the Ibongtft,- citiler in motet 

arfm tfifrinfttuatioa. of Ait poar gentle* rialt^ or fooadation, unalfle to fnftain 

man that he wat not lo be undapeffcd, the additional weighty tMt to-* • die 

aithar by- Ike touch, the breath, or any ground wUh botb| and made Ibchn 

other ^iicvmftaneaof tMt honeft weneli> mdemt noift m it^t Ml, at wafcad^tht 

though thej were- povMvful enough to ion-keeper,- who imaaediately concluded 

diftompoft thelbmachof any body-lnit than Maritmet^'wat aamerned in tht 

^fampaatcarrien ' •' advwiture, beqiole' flle'n|Bd^ no^aMV^ 

• .Btt'oorknightbdwoedhtf Ibldadin wfaen^ he called* . -^ *. 

Itttarmtthe goddcftof|beauty, ifannn* Oit tbit luppofitioA be aro(H'aa4 

Img her in *hn *embcaee, began to pro^ ligfatipg a candle, went difcftiy to tfio 

immce, ii| a loft and tamorout tone, place where he had beard -'the icoflef. 

Would toHeavenl I#crefocircum- meanwhile, the poor wench^ confaM 

ibuiced,beautifiilaod high-bofnlady^ and tfiriehted at the appraach of M 

at to be able to repay the tranfcendent mafter, who wat a fcilow-of a moft^ fta 

fiwmir beftntttd upon me^ in thecon- ▼aije diipoiition, retreated to the ^ieen^ 

tenplation of your amazing chtrmt t neJ of Saacho F^naa, who de]it in fj^ 

fagot it hathtpleaied fortune, that never of all thit din, and neftltng' m bafido 

cealeato peilecute the virtuous, to lay him, wound herfelf up like a ball, ni^ 

mp upon thit btdf fobruifed and bat- ley finog. The landiood now ciitfMd 

tjpipd, that even if it wat my deiire to the apartttient, and crying with a lood 

pratify youn, I fliould find it utterly voice, * Where have you got, ftnMlMt^ 

Mttpomblei how much more lb, when ^ to be Aire thefe muft be your jade'e 

that tmpoflibility it linked to anodier < trickt, with a vengeance:* Sanchd 

Kill greater > i flieatt,the piijpffated fiuth ftarted, and feeling a wodigiout wtiffht 

I have vowed to the peerleit Dulcinea upon him, thought ne wat labeunng 

del Tdlndb^ the ible miibeftof my under the nijg^fat-marej and beginning to 

nmft hidi^ dunighttc did not that lay aboyt him on a|l fidet, c^otf, ii| 

canfideratioo anierpofe, I ihould not coujrfe "of hit eftrtt^ to beftow^divett 

be inch a Simple knight, at to let flip cuf& on Maritomes, who feeling ber* 

t)at iufpy occafion which your bene- ftlf thut belaboured , forgot the care of 

vlrnfehtth tendered to my choice/ her reputation, and returned the Ibuir^ 

. Marilomea,.^ea^g with vexation compltmentt fo heartily^ that flecfi few 

to find herielf thut pinioned, at it were, fook him whether he would or mtt 

itjr theka^t, whofe dilfeourie flio nei- virithout knowing the pacfim who titaitd 

ther hteded nor undcrftood; endeavour* him fo roughly, he rai6d hnillaif uf^ 

^d-wiihout anfwaringa ^fllaUe, to diA- at well at ho could^ mid > going to lo^ 

•aogtge faerfidf from hit embrace t while gerhe^t vrith Maritontet, a moft fui^« 

.M. booA canfer* whofe kwd^deiret out and divcrtinglkinBiik eniMk ^ 



Bytnit tiBic^ tii6 csinfef ucRtiviii^ 
bjr thtiight the fitnatioii of lus inill»ers» 
nntoJitralEftuice) and the lancttond 
MUmtd the iame coucie, tboogh wkh 
a- very diicicDt iiittistioii» mntiy, to 
dnftiie the maid $ heing fiiUy perToadedy 
that die was the fole caufe of all thia 
ufiroar^ and Id, aa the hying ia, the cat 
tathaiat, the rat to the rope, the wfe 
to tibe gaUovii* The earner draimned 
upon Sancho* Saacho ftnich at the 
maidy the maid pummeledhim, the ion* 
keeper difciplmed her i aU of them/ex* 
crting theimelvet vid» foch eagcmefs 
that there waa not one moment^t pau&. 
But) to <:rown the yoke, the landloni' $ 
candle -went out, and the conbetuita 
bdng left in the dark, fuch a eircnla* 
tion of blowe enfoed, that wherefoever 
the Jift felly there die patient was dif- 

There chanced to lodge at the inn 
that night, a trooper belonging to the 
aacieat holf brodierhood of Toledo, 
who alfi> hearing the ftraoge noiie d 
thb fraj, aroie, and fciaine his tipftaff, 
U^gether with the tin-box that contained 
his conuaillion, entered the MMrtment 
injthe daric, calling aloud, * Keep the 

< peace, in the king'a name; keep the 

< peace, in te name of the holy bro- 

* ijberhood.^ The iirft he encountered 
was the forlorn Don Qui^cote, who lair 
infcufible on his demolilhed bed, witn 
his face uppermoA; fo that groping 
about, he happened to lay holdot his 
beard, and cried, ■* Amft, I charge 
f jrou, the officers of juftioe:* but per* 
i^eiving that the perfon he held, neither 
birred nor.fpoke, he concluded that 
Im iBttft be dead, and that the people 
within were the aflaflins. In this per- 
£ia£on he raifed his voice, crymg, 

* Shut the gates of the inn, that none 

* may eTcape, . for here is a man mar^ 

< deied/ The exclamation, which z* 
iloAiihed them all, was no (boner heard, 
tban every one quitted his ihare in the 
battle I the landlord retreated to his own 
chamber, the carrier fneaked tollis pan- 
niers, and the damiel to her Itrawt 
while th« unfiortunate knight and fquire 
were left on the fpot, unable to move 
from the places where they lay^ The 
trooper letting go die beard of Don 
Qmxote, went out for a light to fearch 
|br and appreheod the delinquents $ but 
iathiad^6gnhe was diiappotated} the 
landlord having purpoiely extinguiihed 
the lamp, whei^he retired 19 his aput* 

nmat: lb that ht wat cKK^ ta bllfe« 
BBCourft to die qmbers, at which* with 
neat indaftfy and dae^ faamide Aift«» 
Sgh^another candle* 

C H A P. m. 




* HIS TRUsTir 8i:^iax-. aANCiia 

rOB A CASTtl. 

ABOUT this time, Doa Qsuxota 
leeoveria^ the ufe of his toogue^ 
began to call m the fioae feeble tona 
with which he fpoke the pcaoedingday^ 
when he lay ftrctched in the ^aofc-ft^ 
valley, « Art thoa afleep^ fnead Saa** 

* cho^ friend Sandio, art thott allcep M 
.^ God*s mv life l* replied Saacho, fall 
of peevilhiieis and pain, * how Ihould I 

* be aileep, fteiag all the devils ia hal> 

* have been upon me this whole Bight?* 
— « That thou mayeftaiurethylelf af,"^- 
anfwered the knight : * for either I un<« 

* derftand nothing at all, or this caftia 

< is inchanted. Thou muft know^ Ssn« 

* chb, (but what I am going to dtfciaie 

* to thee, thou ihalt fwear to keep icerei 
« till after my death/)— ^ I do fwear,^ 
iaid Sancho. < This lecrecy.I in£A 

* upon,* replied his mailer, < becaulh i 
*. would by no roeana take away tfaa 

* rsputatkm of any perlpn/— < IWell 

* then,* cried the rquh:e, ' I fwear »ta 

* keep it fecret till, the dajra of yout 

* worihip be paft and goncf and God 

* grant that I may be at liberty to re* ' 

* veal it to<nioin>w.*«i-< Have I done 

* you fo much mifchief, Sancho,* ftidr 
Don Quncot^ * that you arifli to ieeoat 

* cteadTo ibon ?'-•' It is not for that,' 
lepiied the fquire, * but beoaufe I aim 

< an enemy to. all fecrets, and would 

* not have any thing rot in myktepA 
« ing.'— '« Be that aa k may,* feid .tha 
fcnt^t, * I will trail greater thioffs- ta 

* thy love and idelity. Know, mere* 

* fore, that thia very night I have beca 

< engaged in a moft.rare and wonder*' 

* foF adventure! which, that I may 
* . briefly relate,, take notice, that a liitit 

* while ago, I was vifited by the con^ 

* ltable*s daughter, than whom a more 

< beautiful .and gracjons yoaag ladyia 

* icarca 


DON. <^I^OTK« 


gtobt* liofri|MiiIfaaitfiDtMtri» 

neate^e aciitene{s.flf'bar4ij|iMkind«>. 
iagf or> bow (hall I defcribe thofe 
myfterkms charmsy which^ that I may 
preierve difelfioClly'I havt fwom to 
my own fovereign miftrefs Duicinea 
del TirinAs I wtuApA lutin &cred 
filaet ^ 1 ihali ocdytaH thet» that 
Umwrn itfttf wM )ealo«s •£ tfat ]uip« 
piaitii whkh fartvneiiad putinioay 
power; or, p«rliapi» whicb it m^re 
prabiaUc, this caftie, ai I have ahmdy 
obArt cd, ia iaehaatad % far* whtlt I 
waa engaged with htr mA aoft de- 
lightfiil and amoroos converfattony an 
nnfttn faattd» bekongiag* doobtltft, to 
the am cf feme moaiboufl giant, de* 
fcended, I Iomw not wlience, upon my 
jawBi leaving ny whole face hathcd 
m got} a^ alierwarda bruiftd me 
in tudh a mamMTt that I am infinifely 
worft than \ was ytAcrday» when the 
ted ua^af thou kaow^ 
efty Ibr the eace^Ita of Hoainante} 
from wkmace I conjefttire* that the 
treafaia of thit §ur dam^ra beauty 
ta goard^ by fame inchauted Moor, . 
and not deftiaed for my pofl'eflion/'*^ 
Mar for mine neither^* cried Sancho j 
for I have been drubbed by five hun- 
dred Moort fo unmeictfoliy, that the 
pack-ftave threfliing waa but eakea and 
guigerbread to what I now fael: fo 
that I fte no great eaufe yon have 
to brag of that rare adienture, whkh 
hat Im na in diis comfortable pickle^ 
Indeedi your worifaip was not fo badly 
oli^ becaule you had that fame inoon-" 
pwable beauty in your arms} but 
what had I, eacept the hardeft knocks, 
which, I hope, I fhaU e«ar fed in my 
bom days ? Curied am I, and the 
ihother that bore me $ for diough I 
neither alft kaight*errvKt,. nor ever 
defign tor he one, the greatcft nart of 
the mifehief thiit betides ns K>r ever 
faUs to my Ihave.*-^^ It tons, then, 
thou haft lufEeredtoo,' fiud Don Qpix* 
Ml* * Woe he unto ma and my whole 
pedigreer eried Sancho } ' have I 
not been telling yotr fo all this time ?^ 
mf Oive thyfclf no concern about that 
natfear,* amwered the knight, ' for 
now I "am decerminedt to prepare that 
pieexoaa balihm, which wUl cure us 
both is the twinkling of an eye.* 

iHiMtthislitte theoAoiri^Mr 
hfoihcrhoad, havmgmade Alft to la^ 
his candle, oaaw back to taaaaine tha 
peefon whom.he foppoAd nutdeiadi 
ami 3aaeha^ feeing hum tppumch in hi a 
(hirt and wooUea night<»ciqi, with a ver^^ 
unfavourable afpefl, and a light in hia 
hand, faid (9 his mate, * PrSf^ Sar, ia 
that the iqchanted M oor fetnmed to 
fpand the Uift daop^f his-eenyapceiip* . 
on ua *.*-^« Thateaanotbethe Moor,* 
anTweied Don Qginota, < for uichanieea 
never fhflcr themftlves to be feen«*M» 
If: they won*t aDow themielvas toba 
fhen,* cried the i<|uire, * ihay make nd 
bonea of letting themfehrca be fdtff 
that my ihooiders can teftify.*««^^And 
mine 100,^ faid the knight^ * but we 
have no fufident reak>n to beUeee^ 
diat he whom we now fte ja the in* 
chanted Moor.* 
Meanwhile, the tmoper diawiag near, 
and hearing them ulk fo delib^ratdyf 
remained feme time in fufpence f the» 
obferving Don Quixote, who flill lay 
on his back, unable to ftir, on aMaiiat 
of hia bruiiU and plaifters, he went x» 
to him, iaying, * How do^ft do, honek 

* friend T—- < I would f(»eak moae fob-* 
< raiflively,* anfwered the knight, * v^ie 

* 1 fuch a plebeian as you^ Is that 

* the language ufed in this country 19 

* knights-errant, you blockhead 7* The 
officer, finding himfelf treated with fe 
little ceremony, by foch % Miiiml4a. 
wi^ht, could not hear the reproach, b«f 
liftmg up his lamp, oil and alV dif<» 
chai(«d it upon Don Qmxote*s jpafe^ 
wMh fui^fed grmtly in me encorniterf 
and the li|^t beiag ^gain-extinguifliedy 
fyppadawaytn thedaik. Things bet- 
ing in this fituation, * Sir,* faid San* 
cfao>Panza, *■ without doubt, that vraa 

the inchanted Moor, who kcepe thtf 
tmafure for other people, ^and thcfifby * 
cdfia and iamp^leavines for ua.*»— 
It. muft be fo»* fe|died: .the knight 9 
but we mull; not mind thofe affairs of 
inchamment fo much, as to let tliem 
ra^tr iafiame us ; bteaufe, they be* 
ing invifible and fantalHcal, do what 
we can we fhaU never be able to tiJca 
vengeance upon the authors of them • 
get up, therefore, Saneho^ if' thotf 
canft, and defifb the conftaUe of thia 
cafkle to fupply me with fome oil,wtine« 
faki and rofemary ; that I may pfo* 
pare the falutiferaos bal&m> whichy 

^ Littfiillyiwhat Is idt U the httteoi ef hie hdthoaa. 



* really, I belif ve, I ftand in great need 

* of at prdent, for the wound which the 

< phantom hath given me bleeds a|>ace.* 
Accordingly die ibuire made fliift ^o 

rife* notwithftanding the intolerable ach,- 
ing of hit bones; and creeping in the*, 
dark towards the innkeeper*s bed-cham- 
ber, happened to meet with the trooper, 
who Itood liftening, to know the inten- 
tion of his adf erfary. * Signior,' cried 
lie, * whofoever you are, do us the be- 
' nefit and favour to affift us with fome 
' rofemary, fait, wine, and oil| in or- 
« der to cure one bf the moftniighty 

* knights errant upon earth, who lies 

* in that bed, defperately wounded by 

< the hands of an inchanted Mour that 

* frequents this inn/ The officer, hear- 
ing fuch an addrefs, concluded that the 
man had loft his lenfes i and it being 
by this time dawn, opened the inn-gate, 
and calling to the landlord, told him 
what this honeft man wanted. The 
innkeeper having provided Sancho with 
the ingredients, he immediately carried 
them to his mafter ; who lay holding his 
head between his two hands, and com- 
plaining very much of the tfk6k of the 
lamp) which, however, bad done no - 
farther damage than that of railing a - 
couple of large tumours upon his pate 5 
that which be took for blood being no 
other than fweat forced out by the an- 

fuifli and pain he had undergone. In 
lort, he made a compo(ition, by mix- 
ing the materials together, and boiling 
them a good while, until he found he 
had brought the whole to a due con- 
£ftence : then he afked for a phial to 
contain the balfam ; but as there was 
none in the houfe, he refolved to cork it 
up in a tin oil-flaik, of which the land- 
lord made him a prefent. Which be- 
ing done, he repeated over it more than 
fourfcore pater-nofters, with the like 
number ofave-maria^s, falve^s and ere- 
do*s, accompanying every word with 
the fign of the crols, by way of bcne- 
di6lion : and this whole ceremony was 
performed in prefence bf Sancho, the 
innkeeper, and officer j the carrier hav- 
ing very (juietly gone to take care of his 

This precious balfam being thus com- 
pofed, the knight was determined to m ake 
mltant trial of the efficacy with which 
he imagined it endued $ and according* 
]y fwallowed about a pint and a half of 
what remained in the pot, after the oil- 
flaik was i'uU 1 which had fcarce got 


down his throat, when he began to yo* 
mit in fuch a manner, as left nothing 
in his ftomach j and a moft copious 
iVeat breaking out upon him, in con* 
/e^toiceof the violent operation, he de- 
fired they would wrap nim up warm, 
^and leave him to his repofe. They com- 
plTed with hia «equeft, and he fell into 
a profound fleep that lafted three hours, 
at the end of which awaking, he found' 
himfelf exceedingly refrefhed, and Co 
well recovered of his bruifes, that he 
feemed perfe6Hy well j and implicitly 
believed that he had now made fure of 
the balfam of Fierabras $ which, while 
he poflTeflTed, he might, with the utmoft 
confidence and fa^ty, enga£;e in the 
moft perilous quarrels, combats, and 
havock, that could poflibly happen. 

Sancho'Panza feeing his matter reco- 
vered to a miracle, begged he would 
bedow upon him the lediment of the 
pot, whicn was no fmall quantity : and 
his requeft being granted, he laid hold 
of it with both liands, and fetting it 
to his head, drank off, with itrong faith 
and eager inclination, almoft as much 
as his mailer had fwallowed before. But 
the poor fqu ire's ftomach chanced to 
be not quite fo delicate as that of the 
knight ; and therefore, before he could 
difcharge a drop, he fufti^red fuch panss 
and reachings, fuch qualms and cold 
fweats, that he verily believed his laft 
hour was come; and in the midft of his 
wamblings and affliction cuHed the bal- 
fam and the mifcreant that made it* 
Don Quixote perceiving his fituation^ 
faid, < I believe that all this mifchief 

* happens to thee, Sancho, becaufe thoa 

* art not a knight ; for I am perfuadedf 

* that this liquor will be of fervice to 

* none but fuch as are of the order of , 

* knighthood.*— < If yourworfbip knew 

< fo much,* cried Sancho, * woe be un- 

* to me and my whole generation! 

< why did you allow me to tafte it V 
At this inftant the potion began to ope- 
rate, and the poor fquire to unload at 
both ends with fuch fury, that the mat 
upon which he had thrown himfelf, 
and the (heet that covered him, were 
foon in a woeful pickle t he fweated 
and ftiivered with fuch violent motions 
and fits, that not only he himfelf, but 
every body prefent, thought he would 
have given up tl\e ghoft. 

This tempeft of evacu<:tion lafted near 
two hours ; at the expiration of which, ' 
he found himfelf far trom being relieved . 

M like 



•« J» 

like hU mafter, T)ut, on the con^rar)- 
fo much fatigued that he was not ahle 
to ftaiid. The knight, as ^e have al- 
ready obferved, finding himfrlf in good 
health and excellent fpirits, longed fer- 
ytnt\y to depart ip qiieljb of ^dveu^iveSt 
thinking every iplnute he fpent in that 
place, wa$ an injwy to the world in 
gieneral, and to thofe miferable objc£ls 
vvixo wantei his favpi^ %nd prute^^ion ; 
eljpeciaUy as he yas i^ow in poiTellion 
^f the certain means of fafety and con- 
fidence, in that eflUcacious bairam he 
Kad made. Prompted by thefe fug- 
geftions, he himfclf faddled Rozinante, 
and with his own hands put the pannel 
^pon the bead of the fquire, whom he 
affo afTifted in getting on his ploaths, 
a^d rnounting his afs. He then be- 
ilrode his own. fteedj and laying hold 
of a pitchfork that rtood in the corner 
of the yard, appropriated* it to the ufe 
of a lance; while all the people in the 
houfe,. exceeding twenty perfons,^ be- 
held hiin with admiration : the land- 
lord's daughter being among the fpcc- 
tators, he fixed his eyes upon her, and • 
ifrom tiroe to time utterred a profound 
figh, which feemed to be heaved from 
the very bottom of his bowels ; and 
which, in the opinion of alTthofe who 
had feen him anointed over night, was 
pccafioned by the aching of his bones. ' 
He and his fquire, being by this time 
mounted, he halted at the g^te, and 
calling to the innkeeper, pronounced, 
in a grave and fulemn tones ' Nume- 

* rous and mighty are the favours. Sir 

* Conflable, which I have received in 

* this caftle of yourf j and I fhall think 

* myfelf under the higheft obligation 

< to retain a grateful remembrance of 
« your courtefy all the days of my life. 
' if I can make you any retui'n, in 

* taking vengeance on fome infolentad- 
' vei'fary, who. hath, perhaps, aggrievr 

< Vd you ^ know^ that it is my pro- 

* vince and profefRon to aifift the help« 
' left, avenge the injured, and chaftizc 

* the hlk 1 recotleft therefore, and if 
^ .you have any boon of that fort to aft, 
^ fpeak the word ; I promife, by thq 

* order of tnighthaoa which f have 

< received, that you Ihall he righted 

* and redi-e(fed to your heart's content.' 
-^* Sir knight,' replied the innkeeper, 
with the fame deliberation, *• I have no 

< occafion for yovir worfhip's afnitance^^ 

* to redrefs any grievance of mine j for 
' I know how to refvenge my owi> 

* wrongs when I fuflfer any : all I de- 

* fire is, that you will pay the fcore; 

* you have run up in this inn, for pixj- 

* vender to your cattle, an 1 food and 

* lodging to yourfelf and fervant.'— 7 

* It itietns, then, this is an inn,* an- 
fwered the knight. « Aye, and a well- 

* refpefted one,' faid the landlord. — *I 

* have beer\ in a miftake all this time,* 
refumed Don Quixote, * for I really 

* thought it was a caftle; and that none 

* of the meaneft neither j but iince it is 

* no other than a houfe of publick en- 

* tertainment, you have r^othiiig to da 

* but exciife me from payi>'g a far- 

* thing ) for I can by no rnj;uis (ranf- 

* grefs the cuftem of knights -errant, 

* who, I am fure, as having read no- 

* thing' to the contrary "^j never paid 

* for lodging nor any thing clfe, in any 

* inn or houfe whatfoever, becaufe they 

* had a right and title to the heft of en- 

* tertainment, in recommence for the 

* intolerable fuffbrings they underwent, 

* in feeking adventures by night and by 

* day, in winter as well ai fu miner, 

* on foot and on horfcback, expoftrd to 

* imager and thifft, to heat and cold, 
' * and to all the inclemencies of heaven, 
• * aswellastheinconveniendesofearth.^ 
' -r"* All this is nothing to my pui pofc,' 

faid the innkeeper, ' pay me what you 

* owe, and fave all your idle tales of 
' * knight-errantry for thole who will be 

• Don Quixote fcems in this place to. have forgot one adventure of his great pattern, 
Orlando, who, while he accompanied Angelica in her flight from Albracca, happ^-nei 
to' intrude upon the king of the Leftrjgons, as Hr fat «t dinner in a valk'yj an J being ini 
great want of vidtuals, accofted his moft favage mjjefty in thefe word*, recorded by Boy- 
ardo^ or rather Berni, in his po^m iotitled Orlando Innamorato, 

Potcbe far tuna a queji^ora ne mer.a 
pa voiy viprego, che non vi (iejyiacc{£{f 
dpt^ noftri danari in cortefia^ 
Cbe not centum cod vpi di compagnia^. 

Thashao^bly req^efting, that he ^ould either for love or money slve them & ^n^ tq 
pick, ^ ''' . » •• • 

Flat I . FgUilhca u du Act AitiAi,^ HBiiCm md C*llu. 9.1781 . 

boN QjtrixofE. 


amuied witJi them 5 for bay own patty 
I mind no tale but th^t of the money 
I taloe.'— * You are a fancy publicai), 
and a blockhead to boot/ cried Don 
uixote; whoy putring fpurs to Ro-- 
zinante, and brandifhmg his pHchfork, 
ikllied ovit of the inn without oppolition ; 
and was a good way off before he look- 
ed behind to f^e it ht was followed by 
kis ft|uire. 

The landlord, feeing the knight de- 
part without paying, ran up to fei^e 
SanChO) who told him)- that (ince his* 
fnafter had refufed to difcharge the bill, 
he muft not expe£l any money from 
bioi, who, b^ing the fquire of a kiiight- 
errant, was, as well as his mafter; 
bound by the f^me laws ti> pay for no* 
thing in taverns and innd. The pub- 
li(jan, irritated at tbisanfwer, threaten- 
edf if be would not pay him, to in- 
demnify himfelf in a manher that fliould 
ikot be {o much to the ft^uire's liking : 
but Pan2a fwore by the laws of chivalry 
his ouifter profeded, that he would not 
pay a doit, though it (hould coft him 
bis life J for he was refolVed that the ho- 
nourable and ancient cuHoms of knight- 
erranliT (houid not be loft thrx>ugh 
his miwehaviour; neither (liould thofe 
fquipes, who were to come into the world 
after him, have occa^on to complain 
of his condu6l, or reproach him with 
the breach bf fo jult a privilege. 

As the unfortunate Sancho^d evil' 
l^enius would have it, there were among 
the corhpany that lodged that night in 
the houfej four clothiers of Segovia, 
three pin makers from the great Tquare 
of Cordova, and a couple of (hopkeepers 
tram the market place of Seville ; all 
of them briik jolly fellows, and mif- 
Chievous wass. Thefe cbmpanions, as 
if they had been infpired and inftigated 
by the fame fpirit, came up to theiquire 
and pulled him from his afs ^ then, one 
of them fetching a blanket from the 
landlord^& b^d, they put Sancho into it, 
a,nd lifting up their eyes> perceived the 
toof was too low for their purpofe ^ 
thereforedeter mined tpcarry him out into* 
the yard, which had no- OAher ceiling 
than the iky : there {^lacing Panza inthe^ 
middle of the blanket^ lUey began to* 
tofs him jon hif^^ ^^^ jjivefit xhemftlvcs* 
with his capers, as ^the mob do with 
dogs at* The cries ut- 
tered by this miftirable vault er, y^re (o 
piercing as to reaich the ears 6f his 
iBaAcr^ Who hahing to lifteft the mcfte 

attentively, beKeved that fonie neW aid- 
ventare was approaching, until he clear* 
ly rec<Jgniz{?d the (hrieks of his fquirfr^ 
he immediately turned his horfe,* an^ 
with infinite ttraining; made fhifttd 
gallop back to thel iniv) but finding The 
gate (hilt, rode round in fearch of fonn^ 
other entrance 5 and when he approach- 
ed the yard- wall, >^hich was not vci-y 
high^ perceived the difagreeable joker 
they vfrere pra^fmg upon his fquire^ 
who rofein the air, and funk a?ain with 
fiich grace and celerity, that if his ni- 
dignation would have allowed him, I 
terily believe the knight himfelf would' 
have laughed at the occafion. He at- 
tempted to ftep from his horfe upon thtf 
wall, but was fo bruifed and battered^ 
that he coi\i\d not move from his feat i* 
and therefore, fituated as he Was, begaii 
to vent fuch a torrent of rfeproachftll 
and opprobrious language againft "San- 
cho*s executioners, that it is impoflible: 
to repeat the half of what he faid: 
This, however, neither interrupted their' 
mirth nor their diverfion,- nor gave the! 
leaft trticeto the lamentations of Saneho^ 
who prayed and threatened by tyrns, as he 
flew. Indeed, nothing of this fort either 
could or did avail him, until leaving 
off, out of pure wearinefs, they thought 
fit to wrap him up in his great coat, and 
fet him on hi^ afs again. The com- 
paffionate Maritornes feeing hirh f<j 
much fatigued, thought he would be 
the better wr a draught of vrater, v^hith, 
that it might be the cooler, (he fetched 
from the wellj and Sancho had ju(t 
put the mug to his lips, when his draught 
was retarded by the voice of hi^ mafler^' 
who cried aloud, * Son Sancho, drink 
not water, drink not that which will* 
be the occafion of thy death, nty fon j 
behold this molt facred balfam,* hoM- 
ng up. the crure of potion in his h'and,' 
two drops of 'which will efftfVually 
« cure thee.' At thefe words the fquire' 
eyed him, as it were^ afkance, and in a' 
tone ftill more vociferous, replied, * Per- 
chance your worfWp' has forgot fhat' I? 
art! no knight ; or may be, yoti want' 
to ffee me vomi^up aill the eittratls I 
vhave left, after hilt night's qtrandary." 
Keep your liquour foa* yourfelf, andf 
-aaayafll ch^devSU in hm give youjdy* 
of it ; and leave ihe to my own dif- 
creiiott.? -HQr«h»l swfhf^r^cffibtfh- 
eed the|^ ^)»xsvi| cht0 hb'h^MrfadwaF^ 
low, and perceiving at the firft drau^t," 
that the cordial was no other than wa- 

M % tcr, 



ter, he did not chaic to repeat it | but 
defired Maritornet to bring him fome 
wine. This reqneft (he complied with 
Tery cHearf oDvy and paid fof it with her 
•wn money ; lor it was reported of her, 
tiiat although ihc was reduced to that 
low degree in lifey (he aftually retained 
ibme faint (ketches and (hadows of the 

Sancho havlne finiihed his draught, 
clapped heels to hisafs, and the inn-gate 
being thrown wide open, fallicd forth 
▼cry well fatisfied with having got off 
vithout paying any thing, although he 
had fuccecded at the cxpence of his 
(houlderSy which were inoeed his ufual 
Sureties. True it is, the landlord had 
detained his bags for the reckoning; 
but thefe Sancho did not roifs in tne 
confuiion of his retreat. As foon as 
he was clear of the houie, the innkeeper 
would have barricadoed the gate, had 
he not been prevented by the blanket 
companions, who were of that fort of 
people, who would not have valued Don 
(^ixote a farthing, even if he had been 
aoually one of the knights of the round- 



SANCHO made ihift to overtake 
his mafter, fo haggard and difmay* 
ed, that he was fcarce able to manage 
his bead $ and when the knight per- 
ceived his melancholy fituation, * Ho- 
'. ne(L Sancho,* faid he, * I am now 

* convinced beyond all doubt, that this 

* caftle or inn is inchanted ^ for thofe 

< who made fuch a barbarous paftime 

< of thy fuiferings, could be no other 

* than phantoms and beings belonging 
' to the other world. I am confirmed 

< in this opinion, from having found, 

* that while I was by the wail of the 

< yardf a (beftator of the a£^s of thy 

< mournful traged^^ I could neither 

< climb over to |hf ilfiftaocei aor ia- 

< deed move from Rotinante, but waf 
« fixed in the faddle by the power of 

* inchantment j for I (wear to thee, by 

* the faith of my charaAer ! if I could 

* have alighted from my fteed, and fur- 

* mounted the vrall, I would have re* 

* venged thy wronrs in fuch a manner^ 

* that thofe idle mifcreants (hould have 

* remembered the jeft to their dying 
' day : although I know, that in fodo- 
' ing, I (hould have tranfgrefled' tbe 
' laws of chivalry, which, I have often 

* told thee, do not allow a knight to 

* lift his arm againft any perfon of an 

* inferior degree, except in defence of 

* his own life and limbs, or in cales of 

* the moft prefling neceffity.'— • So 

* would I have revenged myfelf,* faid 
Sancho, < knighted or not knighted) 

* but it was not in my power} though 
' I am very well fatisbed that thofe who 

* diverted themfelves at my coft vrere no 

* phantoms, nor inchanted beings, as 
' your worfhip imagines, but men made 

* of fle(h and bones, as we are, and all 

* of them have Chriftian names, which I 

* heard repeated, while they to(red me 

* in the blanket j one, for example, ia 
' called Pedro Martinez, another Te- 
' norio Hamandez, and the innkeeper^ 

* goes by the name of Juan Palameque 

* the left-handed: and therefore, Sig- 

* nior, your being difahled from alight- 
' ing and getting over the wall, moft 

* have been owing to fomething el(e 
' than inchantment. What I can clear- 

* ly difcem from the whole is, that thefe 
' adventures we go in fearch of, will* 

* at the long run, bring us into fuch 

* mifventures, that we (hall not know 
< our right hands from our left ) and 

* therefore, in my fmall judgment, the 
' beft and wholeiomeft thing we can do, 

* will be to )og back again to our own 
' habitation now, while the harveft is 

* going on, to take care of our crops» 

* and leave off fauntering from po(l to 

* pillar *, and falling out of the frying- 

* pan into the fii«, as the faying is.^ 
* How little art thou acquainted,^an« 

* cho/ replied Don Quixote, * with 

* the pretentions of chivalry ! hold thy 

* tongue and have patience j for the day 

* will foon arrive on which thy own 
' eyes Aiall judge what an honourable 

* profeflion it'is i pray» tell me, boWj 

• In tilt ecjtgintit ^m Ceca e» Mecca j a phrafe derived from the cuftoms of the 
lMr% wha iifed'fea f» ia (ilgHmige to theie cwu places. Ceca was In the city of Cor- 


« what 



^ .tvhxt greater (atitfadion cau there be 
* in this world, or what pleafure can 
«quai that of a conqueror, who tr>- 
umphs over his adverfaty in battle ? 
None fure !'— • That may be,' an- 
fweredthefquire, * though iknow no*- 
thing of the matter. This only I 
knowi that iince we have taken up the 
trade of knights-errant, your worAlip 
I mean, for as to my own part, I have 
no manner of title to be reckoned in 
fuch an honourable lift, we have not 
gained one battle, except that with 
the Bifcayan ^ and even there your 
worihtp came off with half an ear, 
and the tofs of one fide of your hel- 
met : from that day to this good hour, 
•ur lot hath beeu nothing but cud- 
gelling Ufmn cudgelling, pummelling 
upon pummelling $ except the advan- 
ts^ I have had over your wor/hip, in 
bemg tofled in a blanket by inchanted 
Moors, whom I cannot be revenged 
of, in order to know how pleafant 
a paftime it is to overcome one's ene- 
my, as your worfhip obferves/— > 
That it the very grievance, Sancho, 
under which both you and I labour,* 
faid Don Quixote ; * but, for the fu- 
ture, I will endeavour to procure a 
iword tempered with fuch maiterly 
/kill, that he who wears it (hall be 
fubjeft to no kind of inchantment} 
and who knows but accident may 
fumi(h roe with that which Amadis 
polTeffixi, when he ftilfd himfelf the 
knight of the flaming fword ; and truly 
it was one of the moft excellent blades 
that ever a warrior uniheathed $ for, 
befides that fovereign virtue it con- 
tained, it cut keen as a razor, and no 
armour, though ever fo ftrong or in- 
chanted, could ftand before it*8 edge.* 
— * I am (b deviliihly lucky,* faid San- 
ho, ' that if the cafe was really fo, and 
yoar worihip (hould light on that fame 
fWord, it would, like the precious 
balfam, be of no fervice or fecurity 
to any but your true knights; and 
we that are fquires might fing for for- 
row.*— * Thou niuft not be afraid of 
that,* replied the knight, « Heaven 
will furelydeal more mercifully with 

In fuch convcrfation, Don Quixote 
and his fquire jogged along, when the 
former deicrying on the road in which 
they travelled, a large and thick cloud 
of dnft roiling towards them, turned to 
Sancho, faying, < This, O Sancho, is 

' the day that fliall manifeft the great 

* things which fortune hath in ftore for 

* me I This, I fay, is the day, on which 
' the valour of this arm fhall be dif- 

* played as much a? upon any other 

* occaHon j and on which, I am reiblv* 

* ed to perform deeds that ihall remain 
^ engraven on the leaves of fame to all 

* pofterity! Seed; thou that cloud of 
'dud before us ^ The whole of it it 
' raifed by a vaft army, compofed of va* 

* rious and innumerable nations that 
' are. marching this way.*—' By that 

* way of reckoning there muft be two,* 
faid Sancho, * for right over againft tC 

* there is juft fuch another.* DonQuix* 
ote immediately turned his eyes, and 
perceiving Sancho*s information to be 
true, was rejoiced beyond meafure; 
firmly believing that what he faw were 
two armies in full march to attack each 
other, and engage in the middle of that 
fpacious plain } for every hour and mi« 
nute of the day his imagmation was en- 
groifed by thofe battles, inchantments» 
dreadful accidents, extrav<igant amours, 
and rhodomantades, which are recorded 
in books of chivalry ; and indeed every 
thing he thought, faid, or did, had a 
tendency that way. 

As for the dun he now faw, atwat 
raifed by two flocks of flieep which 
chanced to be driven from different parrs 
into the fame road, and were fo much, 
involved in this cloud of their own 
making, that it was impoflible to difcern 
them until they were very near. The 
knight aflirmed they were armies with 
fuch affurance, that Sancho aflually be- 
lieved it, and faid to his mafter, < And 

* pray now, good your worfliip, what 

* muft we do ?*— * What,* anfwered 
Don Quixote, * but aflift and fupport 

< that fide which is weak and difcom* 

* fited ? Thou muft know, Sancho, 

* that yonder hoft which fronts us, h 

* led and commanded by the mighty 

* Emperor Alifanfaron, fovereign of. 

* the great ifland of Trapoban; and 
' that other behind us belongs to his 

* mortal enemy the king of the Gara- 

* manteans, known by the name Pen- 

* tapolin with the naked arm, becaufe 

* he always goes to battle with the fleeve 

* of his right arm tucked up.'— < But 
« why are thofe chieftains fo mifchiev- 

* oufly inclined towards each other?* 
faid Sancho. « The caufe of their en- 

* mity,* replied the knight, ' is this j 

< Alifanfaron, who is a moil outra^- 




* ous pagan, is enanioored of Pentapo- 

* lin*ft daughter, a moft beautiful and 
^ courteous lady, who being a Chriftian, 

* her father will by no means betrotii 

* her to the infidel prince, unlefs he fiiall 

* firft renounce the law of his falfe pro-. 
« phet Mahomet, and become a con- 
« vert to the true faith.'—* Now, by 

* mywhifkersl* cried Sancho, * Kin^ . 

* Pentapolin i^ an hcneft man, and I 

* am refolved to give him all the aflift- 
« ance in my power. *-^* In fo doing 

* thou wilt perform thy duty, Sancho,' 
faid his niaiter, • for to engage in fuch 
« battles as thefcj it is not ncccffary to 

* be dubbed a knight.'—* That I can 

* eafily comprehend,* replied the other j 

* but where ftiall we fecure the afs, that 
< we may be fure of finding him after 

* the fray is over j for I believe it is not 

* the fafliion now- a 'days, to go to 

* battle on fuch a beaft.'— "* True,' faid 
the knight, < and I think the beft way 

* will be to leave him to his chance, 

* whether he be loft or not j for we (hall 
« have fuch choice of fteeds, when once 

* we have gained the victory, thatRozi- 

* nante himfelf will run fome ri(k of 

* being exchanged for another; but 

* obferve and liften attentively j I will 
« now give thee a detail of the principal 
« knights that ferve in thefe two armies j 
< and that thou may'it fee and mark 
« them the bettter, let us retire to yon 

* riling ground, from whence we can 
« diftin£^ly view the line of battle in 
« both.' They accordingly placed them- 
felves upon a nillockj whence they could 
eafily have difcerned the two flocks of 
flieep which Don Quixote metamorphof- 
cd into armies, had not the dult they 
raifed confounded and obfcured the view 5 
but neverthelefs, beholding in his ima- 
gination that which could not otherwife 
be feen, becaufe it did not exiii, he began 
to pronounce with an audible voice-— 

< That knight whom thou feeft with 

* yellow armour, bearing in his fhield, 

* a lion crowned and crouching at the 
« feet of a young lady, is the gallant 

* Laucalco, lord of the filver bridge j 
*^that other befide him, who wears ar- 

* mour powdered with flowers of gold, 

* and bears for his device three crowns 
^ argent in a field azure, is the amor> 
' ous Micocolembo, Grand Duke of. 

* Quiracia 3 and he upon liis right hand, 

* with thofe gigantick limbs, is the ne- 

ver to be daunted l^randabarbaiaxi de 
Boliche, fovereign of the three Arsk^ 
bias, who comes arntied with a fcr-i 
pent's fkin, and inftead of a fhield^ 
brand ilhes a huge gate, which, it is 
faid, belonged to the temple that Sam • 
fon overthrew, when he avenged hiiii'v 
felf of his enemies at his death; but 
turn thine eyes, and behold in thd 
front of this other army, the ever- 
conquering and never-conquered Ti-» 
monel de Carcajona, prince of New4 
Bifcay, whofe arms are quartereci 
azure, vert, argent, and or ; and tbes 
device in his flneld, a cat or, in a field 
gules with the letters Miau, whicU 
conftitute the beginning of his lady'9 
name ; aiid (he, they fay, is the peer* 
lefs Miaulina, daughter of Alfeni-^ 
quen, Duke of Algarvc j the other 
who loads and opprefTes the loins o£ 
that fiery Arabian fteed, w^th armour 
white as fnow, and a ^ield without 
a device, is a noviciate knight of thel 
French nation, called Pierre Papin^ 
Baron of Utriquej the third, whor 
ftrikes his iron rowels into the flanks 
of that fpotted, tfimble zebra *, is the 
potent Duke of Nerbia, efparta-fUardo 
of the wood, who bears in his fhield 
for a device, a bunch of afparagus^ 
with an infcriptton fign'iiyitkg, ** By 
* dertiny I'm dogged." 

In this manner did he invent names 
for a great many knights in either aimy^ 
to all of whom alio he gave arnas^ co« 
lours, mottos, and devices, without the 
leait hefitation, being incredibly infpired 
by the fumes of a diftempered fancy f 
nay, he proceeded without any pauie, 
faying^ * That fquadron forming in our 
front is compofed of people ot divers 
nations : there be thole who drink the 
delicious waters of the celebrated Xan-> 
thus, with the momitaineerswho tread 
the Mafilican plains j and thofe who 
fift the pureft goldeifi ore of Arabia> 
Felix : there alfo may be feen the peo- 
ple who fport upon the cool and fa- 
mous banks of the tranftuCent Ther- 
modonte ; and thofe who condu^l the 
yellow Pa6lolus in many a winding 
Itreaih ; the promile-breaking Kuoni- 
dians } the Perfians for their ai chery 
renowned} the Parthians and tlie 
Medes who combat as they fly ; the 
Arabians famed for fhifting habita- 
tions) the Scythians cruel as they am 

* 4^e'brt Is a btaatifal crettwrei native of Arabia> vulgarly called the wild-afs. 




* fair; Ac thick-lipped r^ce of Ethi- 
f opia, and an inlinite tariety of other 

* nations, wbofe looks I know, and can 
f difcern, though I cannot recollect their 

* names. In that other fquadron march 
^ thole linen who |ave in the cryftal cur- 
f rent of the olive- bearing Bctis 5 thofe 
« whbfe Tifagea are cleaned and poHihed 
*" with the limpid wave of the ever rich 
f and golden Tagus ; thoft who delight 
« in the ialutifcrous draughts of Genii 
f the divine 5 thofe who fconr the Tar- 
f teiian fields that with fat paftnre teem ; 

* tiiofe who make merry in the Elyfian 
f meads of Herezan ; the rich Manche- 

* gans crowned with ruddy ears of corn ; 
f thofe cloathed in fteel the bold remains 
f of ancient Gothick blood ; thofe who 

* • bathe in Pifuerga, famous for it's 

* gentle current ; thofe who ft;cd their 

* nocks upon the fpacious nieads of the 

* meandring Guadiana, celebrated for 
f • it's fecret courfe ; thofe who fliiver 
' with the chill blafts of the woody Py- 
frenees, and thofe who feel the fnowy 

* flakes of lofty Appcnine: in fipe, 
^ whatevernationsEuropeimtiofomsand 

Heaven prcferve us ! what provinces 
did he mention! what nations did he 
|iame$ beftowing, with wonderful fa^ 
cilify, thofe attributes that belonged 
to each; being all the while abforpt, 
and, as it were, immerfed in the con- 
tents of his deceitful books. Sancho 
iPanza Ifttened attentively to his mafter, 
without uttering one fyliablej and from \ 
time to time turned his eyes from one 
fide to another, to fee if he could difcern * 
thofe knights and giants who were thus 
defcribed : but not being able to difco- 
ver one of theni, * Sir,* faid he, * your 

* worftiip may fay what you pleafe, but 

* the devil a man, giant, or knight, that 
f you have mentioned is there : at leatt 
« I can fee none : perhaps, indeed, the 

* whole is }uhantment, like the 

* tomsof lait night/ — * Howfay'rt thou?' 
Implied Pen Qiiixote, * dolt thou not 
f hear the neighing of deeds, the found 

* of clarions, and noife of tirums ?'— - 
f I hear nothing,' anfwered Sancho, 
' but abundance of bleating of ewes and 

* lambs.' And truly that was the cafe J 
for by this time the two flocks were 
pretty near them. * Thy fear,' faid 
pon Qu^ixote, * hinders thee from feeing 

* and hearing aright : for one effe^ of 

* terror is to difturb the fenfes, and make 
f ohjefts apfear otheiwife than they arc ; . 

' if thou art therefore under fuch con* 
' fternation, retirejon one fide, and leave 

* me alone; for Imyfelf am fufiicient 

* to beftow victory on that caufe which 
' I efpoufe.' So faying, he clappej 
fpurs to Rozinante, and putting his lance 
in the reft, darted down from the hil- 
lock like lightning. In vain did San* 
cho bellow ^rth, * Turn, SrgniorDoii 

* Quixote : good your wqrftip, turn ! fo 
' help me God, thofe are ewes and 
f lambs you are going to attack ! Woe 
« be to the father that begat me ! Will 

< you not turn } What madnefs poffefles 

* you! Confider, here are no giants, 

* nor knights, nor cats, nor arms, nor 

* (hields (quartered or whole, nor in- 

* verted azui^s, and the devil knows 

* what : was there evei* fuch diflraflion^ 

* (inner that I am !' 

The knight, however, did not regard 
this exclamation : on the contrary, he 
rode on, hauling aloud, * So ho, knights! 
' you that attend and ferre under the 
' banners of the valiant Emperor Pan- 

* tapolin, with the naked arm, follow 

* me in a body, and you (hall behold 

* how eafily I will avenge him, on his 

* adverfary A-'ifanfaron, of Trapoban,* 
Having uttered theft words, he ruflied' 
into thethickeftof the fquadron of ftieep, 
and began to lay about him, with as* 
much eagemtffs and fury, as if he had 
been a6lually engaged with his mortal 
enemies. The herdfmen and Oiepherds 
who were driving the flock, called to 
him to forbear; but finding their ad- 
monition had no efre6V, they ungirded 
their flings, and began to falute his ears 
with ftones, the leaft of which was as 
large as an ordinary fift ; but he, ^far 
from minding their miffiles, rode about 
the field, crying, * Where art thou, proud 

* Alifanfaron ? face me if thou dared ; 

* I am but a (ingle knight, who want 

* to prove thy prowefs hand to hand, 

* anci facrifice thy life for the injury 

< thou halt done to Pentapolin Gara- 

< manta.' Juft as he pronounced thefe 
words, he received a pebble on his (ide, 
that feemed to have buried a couple of 
his ribs in his belly j and gave him fuch 
a rude (hock, that he believed himfelf 
either doad or defperately wounded ; then 
remembering his fpecifick, he pulled out 
the cruze, and fetting it to his mouth, 
began to fwallow the balfam 5 but be- 
•fore he had drank what he thought a 
fufficient dofe, there came another fuch 
almond> Co plump upon his hand and 




cniie, that after Haying fluveved the pot 
to pi«eesy it carried ottiD it^s way three 
or four of hit grindert) and fliattered 
two of hit fingers in a grievous manner i 
in fliort, ib invfiftible were both the ap^* 
plications^ that the poor knight could 
not help tumbling from his horfe. The 
Ih^herds immediately came up, and be- 
lieving him aftually dead, gathered to- 
gether their flock with all imaginable 
diipatcby and taking their dead, which 
anight be about (even in number^ upon 
their Ihouldersy made off without any 
farther inquiry. 

All this time Sancho remained upon 
the hill, beholding, with amazement, 
the madnefs of his mafter, tearing his 
beai'd, and curung the hour and minute 
€m which it was his fate to know him i 
and now feeing him fallen, and the ihep- 
berds gone, he defcendcd to his aililt- 
ance, when finding him ftill fenfible, 
though in a miferable fituation. < Did 

* not I warn you, Signior Don Qnix- 
^ ote,* faid he, * to turn j and aiTiire you 
« that thofe you went to attack were no 
^ armies, but flocks of Innocent flieep V 
— * How ftrangely can that mifcrcant' 
« inchanter, who is my enemy, tranf- 
' mography things to thwart me ? Know, 
^, Sancho, that it is a very eafy matter 

* for necromancers to make us aflume 

* what (hapes they pleafe; and the ma- 

* licioua wretch who perfecutes me, en< 

* vying the glory I (hould have gained 

* in this battle, ha^h doubtlefs meta- 

* morphofed the fquadrons of the foe 

* into flocks of flieep : but thou (halt 

* do one thing, I intreat thee, Sancho, in 

* order to be undeceived and convinced 

* of the truth ; mount thy afs, and fol* 

* low them fair and Ibftiy ; and when 

* they are at a convenient diltance from 

* hence, thou wilt fee them return to their 
< former fliapes, and ceafmg to be flieep, 

* become men again, right and tight as I 

* at firfl delcribed them; but do not go 

* at prefent, for I have occafion for thy 

* ferviceand aiTiftance : come hither and 
f ieehow many teeth I havelofl; methinks 

* there is not one left in my whole jaw.* 

$ancho accordingly approached fo 
near as to thrult his eyes into his niafler*s 
mouth, juft at the time when the baU 
fam began to operate in his ftomach, 
which, with the force of a culverin, dif^ 
charged it*s contents full in the beard 
of the compaflionate fquire. • Holy Vir- 

* gin !* cried Sancho, * what is this that 

* kath befallen me f Without doubt, 

' thif pov finner it mortally wmiiuledy 
* fince he vomits blood.* But confider-> 
ing the ca/e more matureW* he found 
by the colour, taiie, and fmell, that it 
Mras not blood, but the baliam he bad 
(een him drink : and fuch was the loath- 
ing he conceived at this recognition, 
that his flomach turned, and be emp« 
tied his bowels upon hit maflerj fo 
that both of them reipained in a hand- 
fome pickle, bancho ran to his afs, for 
a towel to clean them, and fome appli- 
cation for his mailer's hurt; but when, 
he mi fled his bags, he had well-nigh 
lofl his feufes j he curfed his fate again, 
and determined with himfelf to ieare 
the knight, and return to his habita- 
tion, even though be fliould lofe his 
wages for the time he had already fenr- 
ed, as well as his hopes of governing 
the Ifland of Promife. 

At this jun^luie Don Quixote arofe, 
and clapping his left hand to his cheek* 
in order to prevent hts teeth from falling 
out, with the right laid hold of the 
bridle of Rozinante j who, like a faith- 
ful and affectionate fervant, had never . 
ftirred from his mailer's fide ; and went 
up to the place where his fquire flood, 
leaning upon his afs, with one hand ap- 
plied to his jaw, in the poflure of a per- 
ibn who is exceedingly penfive} the 
knight perceiving him in this fituation, 
with manifeft figns of melancholy in his 
countenance, * KLnow, Sancho,* faid he, 

* that one man is no more than another, 

< unlefs he can do more than another. 

* All tliofe hurricanes that have hap- 

* pened to us prognoflicate that we foon 

< fliall have fair weather, and that every 

< thing will fucceed to our wifli : for it 

* is impofllible that either good or bad 
^ fortune fliould be eternal ^ and there« 

* fore it follows, thatouradverfity hav- 
' ing lafled fo long, our profpei ity muft 

* be now at hand. Be not grieved, then, 

* at ike misfortunes that happen to me, 

< fince no part of them falls to thy 

* fliare.'— * Not to my fliarel' anfwer- 
ed Sancho, * mayhaj?, then, he whom 

< they tofled in the blanket yeflerday 

* was not the fonof my father; and the 

< bags that are \o^ to-day, with all 

< the goods in them, belonged to fome 
« other perfon,'— * What, haft thou loft 

* the bags, Sancho V cried Don Quix- 
ote. « Yes, fure,* faid the other, * At 
' that rate, then, we have no victuals 

< to eat V refumed the knight. < That 

* wouM certainly be the cafe|*tmfwer«3 

|Iie r<|uire> ^ If the meadows did not fur- 
f niih thofe herbs you fay you know 

* with which unfortunate knights, like 

* your worlhip ace i**ont to make up 
« fuch loffes.'— « Yes, but for all that,' 
replied Don Quixote, • I could at prefent 

* reli/h a luncKeon of brown bed, or a 

* loaf, with a couple of red herrings, 
' better than' all the herbs defcribed by 

* Di9fcbrideS) even with the annotations 
' of Do^or Lagiina ; but, neverthelefs, 
^ mount thy beaft, honeft Sanchb, and 
f follow me. God, who provides all 
^ things, will not be wanting to us i 

* more efpecially as we are employed in 
' his immediate iervice : he faileth not 

* to provide for the gnats of the air, 
' the infers of the earth, the fpawn of 
^ the lea ; and is fo beneficent, as to 
f caufe the fun to (bine Upon the good 

* and bad, and feiideth rain to the wick- 

* led as well as the righteous.'—^* Your 
^ worihip,' faid Sancbo, * is more fit 

* to be a preacher than a knight-errant/ 
— * Knights-errant,' replied his maftcr, 

* ever had, and ought to have, fome 

* knowledgeof every thing $ nay, fome 

* there have been in times paft, who 

* would flop to make a fermon or dif- 

< courfe upon the highway, with as 

< much eloquence as if they had taken 

* their degrees at tKe uriiverlity of Paris: 
f from whence it may be inferred, that 

< the lance was never bli^ted by the pen, 
« nor the quill impeded by the lance.'— 

* What your worfhip obferves may be 
« very ttiie,' faid Sancho 5 * but, in tfie 
^ mean time, let us leave this place, 

* and endeavour to get a night's lodg- 
' ing in ibme houfe or other, where, God 

* grant, there may be neither Blankets, 

* nor blanketeers, nor phantoms, nor 
' inchanted Moors; elfe, may the devil 
^ confound .both hook and crook 1' 

* Implore the proteftion of God, my 
« fon,' anfwered the knight, * and lead 

* me where tlioii wilt ; for this once,: I 

* leave our lodging to thy carej but 
' reach hither thy hand, and feel with 

* thy finger how many teeth I have loft 
' on this right fide of my upper jaw, 
f which is the place that giv6s me the 

* greateft pain.' Sancho introduced his 
fingers, and Having carefully examined 
his gums, * How many teeth,' faid he, 

* was your .worlhip' wont to have in 
^ this place ?'— * Four, Befides the dog- 

i)ON QUIXOffe; 


* tooth,' anfwered Pon Qnijcote, * all 

* of them found and whole.'—* Con- 

* fider what your worfhip fays ?' re- 
plied Sancho. * I fay, four, if not five,' 
refumed the knight ^ * for, in all my life, 
' I never lofl tooth or fang, either by 
^ worm, rheum, or fcurvy.'— * At pre* 

* fent,' faid the fquire, * in that part of 
f the lower jaw, your wprfhip has but 

* two grinders and a half ^ and above^ 
' neither half nor whole } all is fmooth 

* as the palm of my hand;'—' Cruel 

* fortune!' cried Don Quixote, hear- 
ing this melancholy piece of news^ 

' * would they had rather demolifhed .a 
^ limb, fo it had not been the fword* 
' arm : for I would have thee to know^ 
' Sancho, that a mouth without grind- 
< ers, is like a mill without a mi)flone| 

* and a tooth is worth a treafure*} but 
' fuch mifchances always attend us who 

* prufefs the flri£l order of chivalry.' 

* Get up, friend, and lead the way, 
' and I will follow at thy own pace,* 
Sancho complied with his defire, and 
took the way that feemed moft likely t^ 
lead to fome accommodation, without 
quitting the high road, which was there- 
abouts very much frequented. While 
they jogged on foftly^ becaufe the paia 
in Don Quixote's jaws would not fuffer 
him to be quiet, or exert himfelf in 
pulhing forward, Sancho being defirouk 
of entertaining and diverting him with 
his difcourfe, faid, among other things^ 
what will be rehearfed in the following 

C rf A I^. V. 



^^^ T - . t ' » 

* TN my opinion, my good mafter; 
X < all the mifventures, which have 

' this day happened to us, are defigned 

< as a punifhment for the fins commit- 

* ted by your worfhip, in neglecting to 

< fulfil the oath you took, not to eat 

* ofFa tjible-cloth, iior folace yourfelf . 

* with the queen 5 together with all the 

< reft that fx>llows, which your worfhip 

* I have endeavoured to preferve an alliteration in tooth and treafure, after the ex- 
ample of Cervajice«j who feems to have intended it> in the words dlenu and diamante, 

N • fwore 



* fwore to obfervc, until fudi time as 

* you could carry off that helmet of 
f Malandrino, or how d'ye call the 

* Moor ? for I don't remember his right 

* name.'—* Thou art very much in the 

* right,' faid Don Quixote : * to deal 

* ingenuoufly with thee, Sancho, that 

* affair had a^ually flipt out of my 

* remembrance; and thou mayeft de* 

* pend upon it, that affair of the blank- 

* eting happened to thee, for the fault 

* thou waft guilty of, in omitting to 

* put me in mind of it in time : but I 

* will make an atonement ; for there 

* are methods for compounding every 
'*- thing, in the order of chivalry.'— 

* Did I fwearany thing ?' replied San- 
cho. * Your not having fworn is of 

* no importance,' faid Don Qu^ixote j 

* it is enough that I know you to be 

* concerned as an accelTary 5 and whe- 

< ther that be the cafe or not, it will 
«' not be amifs to provide a remedy.'— 

< Well, then,' replied the fquire, * I 

* hope your worfhip will not forget this, 

* as you did the oath : pei^haps thephan- 
« toms may take it m' their heads a- 

* gain to divert themfelves with me, 

* and even with your worfhip, if they 

* find you obftinatel* 

In this and other luch difcourfe, night 
overtook them in the mid ft of their 
journey, before they could light on or 
difcover any houfe where they could 
procure lodging; and what was worfe, 
they were almoft famiihed ; for in their 
bags they had loft their whole' buttery 
and provifion : nay, to crown their mis- 
fortune, an adventure happened to them, 
that, without any exaggeration, might 
have aftually pafled for fomething pre- 
ternatural. Though the night (hut in 
very dark, they continued travelling j 
Sancho believing, that, as they were in 
the king's highway, they (hould pro- 
"bably find an inn at the diftance of a 
league or two. 

Jogging on, therefore, under cloud of 
night, the fquire exceeding hungry, and 
the Hiafter very well difpofed to eat, they 
defcried upon the road before them a 
vaft number of lights, that feemed like 
moving ftars, approaching them. San- 
cho was confounded at the fight, the 
meaning of which even Don Quixote 
could not comprehend : the one cEeck- 
"cd his afs, the other pulled in his horfe's 
bridle, and both halted, in order to gaze 
attentively at the apparition of the fights, 
which feemed to incrcafe the nearer they 

came. This being pefceived by tl« 
fquire, he began to quake like quidc- 
filver 5 and the hair briftled up on Don 
Qmxote's head : neverthelefs, recolleft- 
ing himfelf a little, « Without doabt, 

* Saneho,' faid he, * this muft be a vaft 

* and perilous adventure, in which t 

* fhall be oblige^ to exert ^my whdlc 

* ftrength and prowefs.'— • Woe is me V 
tried Sancho, <Uf perchance this fhotild 

* be an adventure of phantoms, as 1 

* am afraid it is, where (hall I find 
' ribs for the occafion ?' — « Phantoms 

< or not phantoms,' faid the knight, 
« I will not fuffer them to touch 2 

< thread of thy cloaths : if they made 

* merry at' thy expence before, it was 

* owing to ray incapacity to climb over 

* the yard -wall ; but at prefent we are 

* in an open field, where I can manage 

* my fword as I pleafe.'— • But if they 

* fhould benumb and bewitch you, as 

* they did in the morning,' flid the 
fquire, ' what benefit fhall I receive 
« from being in the open field ?'— * Be 

* that as it will,' replied Don Quixote, 

* I befeech thee, Sancho, be of good 

* courage, and thou fhalt foon know 

* by experience how much I am mafter 

* oi that virtue.' Sancho accordingly 
promifed to do his beft, with God's 
afliftance. Then they both ftepped to 
one fide of the road, and began to gaze 
again with great attention. While they 
were thus endeavouring to difcem the 
meaning of the lights, they perceived 
a great number of perfons inwhite^ 
which dreadful vifion entirely extin- 
guifhed the courage of Sancho Panza, 
whofe teeth began to chatter, as if he 
had been in the cold fit of an ague; 

^ and this agitation and chattering in- 
~ creafed, when they faw them more 
diftinftly; for, firft and foremoft ap- 
peared about twenty perfons on horfe- 
back, all of them cloathed in white, 
with each a lighted flambeau in his hand, 
muttering in a low and plaintive tone. 
Behind them came a litter covered with 
black, followed by fix mounted cava- 
liers in deep mourning, that trailed at 
the very heels of their mules, which 
were eafily diftinguifhed from horfes, 
by the flownefs of their pace. 

This ftrange vifion, at fuch an hour, 
and in fuch a defart place, was furely 
. fufHcient to fmite the heart of Sancho 
with fear, and even make an impref- 
fion upon his mafter; and this would 
have been the cafe^ had he been any 




Other than Don Quixote; as for the 
fquire, his yrhol6 nbek of refolution 
"went to wreck. It was not fo with his 
mafter, whofe imagination clearly re- 
prefented to him, that this was exa6lly 
an adventure of the fame kind with thofe 
he had read in books of chivalry ; that 
the clofe litter was a bier, in which was 
carried fome dead or wounded knight, 
the revenge of whofe wrongs was rc- 
fcrved for him alone : wherefore, with- 
out canvailing the matter any farther, 

foon as poflible, and began to fly acrof 
the plain, with their lighted torches 
like fo many maHcers in carnival time* 
The mourners being involved and/ in-, 
tangled in their long^ robes, could not 
ftirout of the way ; fo that Don Quix- 
ote, without running any rilk, drubBed 
them all round, and obliged them at 
length to quit the field, much againfl 
their inclination $ for they actually be-* 
lieved he was no man, but a devil in* 
carnate, who lay in wait to carry off 

he let his lance in the reft, fixed himfclf the dead body that was in the litter. 

in his feat, and with the mod genteel 
and gallant deportment, placing him- 
lelf in the middle of the road, through 
which they were indifpenfibly obliged to 
pafs ; he raifed his voice, and called to 
them aj they approached-^ 

' Halt, knights, whofoever ye are, 
and give an account of yourfelves: 
whence come ye ? whither go ye ? and 
what are you carrying off in that bier ? 
for, in all appearance, you have either 
done or. received an injury; and it is 
neceffary and convenient that I (liould 
know it, in order to chaftife you for 
what you are now doing, or revenge 
the wrong you have already done.*-F- 
We are at prefent in a hurry,' replied 
one of the phantoms in white ; * the 
inn we intend to lodge at is far off, 
and we cannot (lay to give fuch a te- 
dious account as you deiire.* So fay- 
ng, he ipurred on his mule; while 
Don Qnixote mightily incenfed at this 
epiy, laid hold of his bridle, faying. 
Stand, and anfwer the queftions I 
have aiked, with more civility; other •• 
wife J will give battle to you all.' 
The mule being fkittifh, was frighted 
in fuch a manner, at being ieized by 
the bridle, that rearing on her hind feet, 
(he fell backward upon her rider ; and 
a fervant on foot, feeing his mailer fall, 
began to revile Don Quixote, whofe 
choler being already provoked, he couch- 
ed his lance, and without hefitation at- 
tached one of the mourners, who foon 
fell to • the ground, moft mif^'rably 
mauled ; then wheeling about upon the 
red, it was furprizing to fee with what 
dilpatch he afTaulted and put them to the 
rout ! while Rozinante a6led with fuch 
agility and fury, that one woulJ have 
fworn, at that inftant, a pair of wings 
had fprung from his back. All the 
I'quadron arrayed in white, was com- 
pofed of timorous and unarmed people, 
who were fain to get out of th^ fray as'* 

All tliis while Sancho (lood beholding 
with admiration the courage and intre- 
pidity of the 1(.night^ faying within 
himfelf, * This mailer of mine is cer- 
' tainly as Urong and valiant as he pre- 

* tends to be.' 

Meanwhile, Don Quixote, by the 
light of a torch that layburning on the 
ground, perceiving the firft whom the 
mule overthrew, rode up to him, and 
clapping the pointof his lance to the poor 
man's throat, commanded him to yield ^ 
otherwife he would put him to death. 
To this declaration, the other anfwered^ 

* Methinks I am already fufHciently 

* quiet; for one of my legs is broke^ 

* 16 that I cannot flir; I befeech your 

* worfhip, therefore, if you be a Chrif- 

* tian, not to kill me, as, in fo doing you 

* will commit the horrid fni of facri* 
' hgt', for I am a licentiate, ai>d have 

* taken holy orders.'—* If you arc an 

* ecclefiailick, what the devil brought 

< you here ?' cried Don Quixote. * The 

* devil, indeed,! think it was,' anfwered 
the overthrown pried. * You will have 

* to do with worfe than the devil, ''faid 
the knight, « if you refufe the fatis- 

< faftionlat fird demanded.'— * Thatis 

* eafily granted,' replied theother; 'and 

< in the fird place your worfhip mufl 

* know, that though I jud now called 

* myfelf a licentiate, I am no more than 
' a batchelor : my name is Alonzo Lo- 

* pez; I was bornat Alcovendas ; and 
' now come from the city of Bae^a, in 

* conjpany with eleven other prieds, 
*, who are ihofe who fled wjih the torches} 

* we are conveying to Segovia that litter 

< which contains the corpfe of a gentle- 
^ man who died in Bae^a^ where it was 

* depoitted till now, (as I was faying) 

* that we are carrying his bones to be 

* interred at Segovia, which was the 
« place of his nativity.'—* And who 
« killed him ?' faid Don Quixote, < God 

< hioifdf,' replied the batchelor, < by 

N a * means 



meant of a peftilential calenture that 
feized him ! '— * At that rate,' refum- 

ed the knight, ' the Lord hath fared 
me the trouble of avenging his death, 
as I would have done, had he been 
(lain by any mqrtal arm ; but, confi- 
dering how he died, there is nothing 
to be done, except to fh|:ug up our 
fhoulders in filence j for this is all that 
could happen, even if I myfelf (hould 
fall by the fame hand $ and I defire 
your reverence would take notice, that 
I am a knight of La Mancha, called 
Don Quixote, whofe office and exer- 
cife it is to travel through the world, 
redre^ling grievances and righting 
wrongs*/—* I do not know how 
you can call this behaviour righting 
wrongs," faid the batchelor: * lam 
fure you have changed my right into 
wrong, by breaking my leg, which 
will never be fet to rights again fo 
long as I live; and the grievances 
you have redreifed for me, have been 
to aggrieve me in fuch a manner, as 
that I (hall never ceafe to grieve at my 
mifventure, in meeting with you, 
while you was in fearch of adven- 
tures /— •* All things do not equally 
fuccecd,* obferved the knight; « it 
was the misfortune of you and your 
companions, Mr. Batchelor Alonzo 
Lopez y to travel in the night, with 
theie furplices and lighted flambeaus, 
Anging all the way, before people clad 
in deep mourning, fo that 'you feemed 
a company of ghofts broke from the 
other world j therefore I could not 
help performing my duty in attacking 
you ; and I would have behaved in the 
fame nianner, , had I aSiuaily known 
you to be really and truly the inhabit 
tants of hell ; for fuch indeed I thought 
you were." — • Since my hard rate 
would have it fo," faid the batchelor, 
I intreat your wor(hip, Sir knight- 
errant, who have been the caufe of an 
unlucky errand to me, to help me from 
getting under the mule, which keeps 
one of my legs fait jammed between 
theftirrup and the faddte. -«•*-< I might 
have talked on till ^orning," faid the 

knight J * why did not you inform me 

• of you I dillrefs fooner?* 

He then called aloud to Sancho, who 

was in no hurry to hear him, but bufy 

in rummaging a fiinpteromule whicli 
thofe honeft priefts brought along wit^ 
them, well furnifhed with provifions. 
Having made a bag of his great coat, 
into which he crammed as much of their 
visuals as it would hojd, he loaded hi^ 
afs.with the bundle, and then running 
up to his mafter, helped to free Mr. 
Batchelor from the oppreflion of his 
mule, on which having mounted him, 
with a torch in his hand, Don Quixotei 
advifed him to follow the route of hi^ 
companions; and defired him to beg 
their pardop in )iis name, for the in- 
jury he had done thqmi as it was not ix\ 
his power to avoid it. Sancho likewife 
interpofme, faid, ^ If in cafe the gen- 

* tleman mould want to know who the 
' valiant hero is. who put them to flight, 

* your worship may tell t)iem, that he 14 

* the famous Don Qujxote de La Man* 

* cha, otherwife furnamed the Knight 

* of the Rueful Countenance." 

Thus difmifled, the batchelor pur- 
fued his way; and the knight aiked 
what had incjuced Sancho, now, rather 
than at any other time, to fiile him the 
Knight of the I^ueful Countenance. 
« Truly,' aiifwered Sancho, ' I have 
' been looking at you fome timf by the 

* light of that torch the unfortunate 

< traveller held in his hand ; and in good 

< faith, your worfliip cuts the moft dif- 
' mal figure I have aimoft ever feen i 

* and it muit certainly be occaHonea 

* either by the fatigue you have under- 

< gone in this battle, or by the want of 

* your teeth.' — * That is not the cafe/ 
replied his mafter; * but the fage who 
' IS delHned to write the hiitory qf my 

< exploits, hath thought proper that I 
f fhould aflume fome appellation, b^ the 
' example of former knights, one ot 

* whom took the title of the Flaming 
f Sword.; another of the Unicorn ; a 

* third of the i*adies ; a fourth of th^ 

* Phoenix; a fifth of the Griffin; a 
« fixth called himfelf the Knight of 

* Death; and by thefe epithets and 
« fymbols they were known all over the 
« face of the earth ; and therefore I fay, 

< that the foremen tioned fage hath now 

< put it into thy thoughts, and direfled 

* thy tongue to call me the Knight of 

* the Rueful Countenance; an appel- 
( lat^on that henceforward I adopt : and 

* Knights engaged themfelves, by oath, to prote^ the widow and the orphan, (o re* 
drefs all injuries; an^^ i;^ a fpecial manner, to defend the charadcrs of ia<di^ by fojrc^ 

« that 

of arms. 


< ^atitmay fiiit me the better, I am 

* refolved to have a moft woeful figure 
f painted upon my (hield> with the firft 

* opportunity,'—* There is no occa- 

* fion,* ikid Sancho, < to throw away 
' tirne and mopey on fuch a device j 
5 your worAiip has nothing more to do 
f but uncover your facej and I'll warrant 
f thofe who l^ehold it will cal} it a rue- 

* fulone, without your having recourfe 
f to pi6lures'and (hields to explain your 

* meaning; and you may believe I tell 

* you nothing but the truth, when I 
f maintain, though it be but in jeft, that 

* hunger and want of teeth makes your 
f worSiip look fo ill-favou redly, that 

* we may very well fave the expence of 
^ a rueful picture.' 

JDon Quixote could tiot help laughing 
at the pleafantry of Sancho, though he 
a6lually determined to aifume that name, 
and have his Hiield and target painted 
ficcording to his fancy. * I know, San- 
f cho,' laid he, * that I have incurred 
f the fentence of excommunication, for 
having laid violent hands oh confe- 
crated things, according to the canon ; 
Si quis fuadente diaholo, fefr." yet 
you know I touched them not with 
my hands, but with my lance; and 
even then never dreamed of injuring 
priefts, or of giving the fmalleft of- 
fence to the church, which I refpeft 
and adore, Ijke a faithful catholick 
and Chrilliap as I am ; but, on the 
contrary, took them for |)hantoms and 
beings of another world : but the cafe 
being as it is, I remember what hap- 
pened to the Cid Ruy Diaz, who broke 
to pieces the chair of a certain king'^ 
ambaffador, in prefence of his holinefs 
the pope ; for which outrage he was 
excommunicated : and that very day 
the worthy Rodrigo de Vivar behaved 
like a valiant and honourable knight.* 
The batchelor being gone, as we havp 
pbferved, without anfvvering one word, 
Don Quixote expiefled a defire of ex- 
amining the litter, to fee if it really con- 
tained a corpfej but Sancho would by no 
means cprifent to this enquiry, faying, 
f Your worlhip has already finifhed this 
perilous adventure with Jefs damage 
to yourfelf than I have feen you re- 
ceive in any other; but the people 
whom you have conquered and over- 
thrown, may chance to recolleft that 
they were vanquifhed by a fingle man, 
and be fo much afhamed and con- 
founded at tlieii own cowardice as to 


« rally, and if they find us, |;iv« U9 our 

* belly-full. Dapple is atprefent very 
' comfortably furniflied ; there is an u|i- 

* inhabited mountain hard by, hunger 

* is craving, we;^ve nothing to do but 
« retreat thither at a gentle trot ; and, 

* as the faying is, " The dead to the 
** bier, and the living to good cheer.** 
With thefe words he took the lead witlj 
his afs, and the knight thinking thero 
was a good deal of reafon in what bt 
faid, followed him very peaceably, with- 
out making any reply. 

When they had travelled a little way 
between two hilU, they found them- 
felves in a fpacious and retired valley, 
where they alighted ; Sancho unloaded 
the afs, they fat down on the green turf, 
and with hunger for their fauce, dif- 
patcl^ed their breakfaft^ dinner, after- 
noon's luncheon, and, fupper at one 
meal; folacing their ftomachs out of 
more than one balket, which the eccle- 
fiaftical attendants of the defun6V, who 
feldom neglc6l thefe things, had brought 
along with them on their fumpter-mules 
but another misfortune befel them, 
which, in Sancho't opinion, was the. 
worft that could happen j they had not 
one drop of wine to drink, nor indeed 
of water to cool their throats, fo that 
they were parched with thirft ; then the 
fquire, perceiving the meadow where 
they fat was overgrown with green and 
tender grafs, made the propolal which 
may be iecn in the following chapter. 



* npHIS grafs, my good ma(lei> 

X * proves beyond all contradic- 

* tion, that there muft be fome fpring 

* or rivulet hereabouts by which it v^ 
' watered ; and therefore, we had bet* 

* ter proceed a little farther, until wp 

* fjnd wherewith to allay this terribly 

* thirft, which is more painful and fa- 
' tiguing than huriger alone.' Thif 
advice appearing rational to Don Quix- 
ote, he took hold of Rozinante'sbndrf, 
and Sancho leatlbg Dapple by the hal- 




« WlAt noifc I*' jthat^ Sancho ?'-*« I 
ikiiw not. Sir/ .iaid the (buire; '.it 
^ isud be fome new afi^ur^ -ror adven-* 
f'tures and mifventures never begin 
•. wifh trifles,'; jie tried his fortune a 
i^Qpr^ Jtime ) .a^.\}ritbovii, any mqre 
ppiie or diforder* freed .himfelf froni 
die load which had ^ven hiia Ca m-ucb 
vneaiinefs. But a$ £on Quixote's ienfe 

^(oSflP^iUf'^S ^^! ?M^J^^^^^T ^^ acute a» 
i^is hearing^ aiid Bancho ftood 
to^i^ tHft v^>our.8 afcend^d. 
(pw^rds h^nv aIo\o(l,icL a.dixe£k lixiey h& 
^o^d^ot .exclude (ome of them fronv 
naylqg.a ylfit to Iu« nofe. No fbonen 
was ^le ^ (epfible of the §rft^fa)utatiop ,. 
tjiani 'in his own 4"eii;cV/h^ preiTqd. 
^i^s'jfiofe between his Bigger, and thumbs 
an^„Ii> a.fnuffling toise» pronounced, 

* Sancho, thoQ feemell to be in great* 
■ fear.'f-r^ iam fo>,!.anfwcred the fquirc j 
*1 but' how comes your worihip to per-; 

< ceive niy fears' ^ow^more than ever ?\ 
^ fiwaufe ;4..Jpi-?lEwV thcM .'fmepeft, 
ZV^tf:% th^.,cver,|.an^ .tha^ not of. ana- 
*Jekf,i\ replied.,the,i^»igiht. 'Thatraay 
%if^\ faid Sancbo ^ but' I am- not (a-. 
*^jp(iu^ yaur,-wor/hip, who. 
•Lrfrajji me at iuch\wifeafonablc hours 
<, into thefe unihhabkedjpIaces/-7-' Rc-^ 
•^ 'tire three " oij /(jur , tt^gs faptter ^off, . 

< Tr/end,^ refuiiacd iDon Qiirxote, ftop-; 
ginff j)is nofe a^'.tljc tjn(e,. * and hence- 
«^Sr^h tak;B roprf ,he/e4 9^ th,y own pejr- 
*'!fi)n>.and rem^uxbcr wiatthouowelt ta. 
•"jplne } f<^r I find the frequent qon- 
^ y^rfation I maintain with thee, hath • 
*. engendered this difrelpeft/ — * Til 
** lay a wa^er/ ' replied Sancho, that , 
**your worihip thifiKs I have been do- 

* mg fomething 1 ought not to have 

* doi\e.*— * The more you (lir it, friend ^ 
<**6ancho/ faid the knight, the more it 

« will ftink.' . • 

' In this and other fuch difcourfe, the 
mailer and his fquitepaiTed the nighty 
but Sancho perceiving the day begin to 
break apace, with gieat care and fecre- 
fy unbound Rozinante, and tied up his 
breeches. The bcaft, which was na- 
turally none of tbe brilkeft. Teemed to 
rejoice at his freedom, and began to 
paw the ground ; for as to curvetting, 
with his leave be it fpoken, he knew 
nothing of the matter. Dou Quixote, 
iihding him fo mettlefome, conceived a 
sood omen from his eagemefs, believ- 
ing it a certain prefage of his fuccefs in 
the dreadful adventure he was about to 

atthi«ve»- Aun>ni n«w ^ifddTed hcC'* 

(filf, and objefls* appearing diAia&ly4 
Ppb Qgi^fiote found himielf m a grove 
of tall chefhtLt-tceest: which formed a 
tery thick (hade. The ftrokeailiil con- 
tinuing, thwieh he . could Aot eoficeivef 
iJM meaning ot them, h^withdiit'fafther 
delay, made Rozinante fed the ipur; 
then turning to. take leav« of Sancho^ 
corfimanded him to wait three dajrs at 
fartheft^ as ht had direded hdosci and 
if .heibmild.not il^turp before that time- 
was .expired, he might take it for giant- 
edthat God had . been pleaifed to put a 
period tO'his lifetfithat pevtloos adven- 
ture $ be-again recommended to. him- the 
^iaffy..W^4wn9^ffagC-h^.j^l♦^^d carry 
i|on9.hi;p.tCi his miftreiis Dulc^e^, and 
bade b;imgive himiiilf. Daupsafinefs .a- 
bout his wages) for he l^ad made a 
will before he quitted hia family, in 
which he (hould indhis f^nrices repaid, 
by a falarypropoi-tiooed^tq the' time of 
his. attendance; but. if Heaven Aiould 
Iilr<pk9fp4 tP: briog .bim..flff Irem that 
d^ger, faf<;, found, and freej he might, 
beyond all queftion, -lay hia account 
wkh thp :gQvernqient of the idand he 
had promifed him. Sancho, heaiing 
t^re.4lfmil exfrQffio]>^.of his worthy 
ri^a.^^r .rfi^at^d, began to bbibber a- 
fr^4i>ii9i^reiolved not to leave him un- 
tit. the biljQircumftaaQe and iifue of the 
aS^air, . 

. From ^ thefe tean, and this honour- 
abie determination of Sancho Panza, 
the aiithorof this hiftory concludes, that 
he muft have been a gentleman born. 
Of an old Chriftian at lea(i« His mailer 
YnmCp\{ was melted a little at this tefti- 
mony 9f bis affection, but pot fo much 
as to difcover the leaft weaknefs^ on 
the contrary, dtfguiling hit fentiments, 
he rode forward tO¥rards the place from 
whence the nolle, of the. ftrokes and 
water feemed to come ^ . Sancho fol- 
lowed on. foot, and according to cuf- 
tom, leading by the halter his ads, which 
was the conftant companion of bit good 
and evil fortune. Haying travelled a 
good way among thofe flisKly chefnut- 
trees, they arrived in a fmaU m^dow 
lying at the foot of a huge rock, over 
which a ftream of water ruflied down 
with vaA impetuofity. Below appeared 
a few wretched huts, that looked more 
like ruins than houles) and they ob- 
ferved that from them proceeded the 
horrible din of the ftrokea, which had 
not yet, ceafed. 


irON QUIXOTE. 105 

Roxinanttf being dirtied at the dread- a jeft of him^ was fomuch ainamed ah^ 

ful noife of the ftrokes and water, Don provoked, that,' lifting up his lance^ he. 

2uixote endeavoured to ibothe him, and bellowed upofl him two or three tHwackisy, 

Ivaniced by little and little towards the which, had they fallen upon his head, 

huts, recommendinzhimfelf inthemoft as they lighted on his Ihoulders, would^ 

earneft manner to nis roiftrefs, whofe^ have favedhi.s mailer the trouble of pay-^ 

favour he implored in the atchievement' ing his falary, unlefs it might be to ms» 

of that fearful' en^erprize : neither did heirs, Sancho fee|?ng his joke turned^ 

he omit praying •♦o God for his pro- into fuch difagreeabh ear'neft, which "he. 

te£(ion. Sancho, who never ftirred from was afraid might not be as yet over,. 

his fide, thruft his neck as far as he' addrefTed him^lf to his mafter withj 

could between the legs of Rozinante,^ great humility, laying, *Goodyoyr, 

in order to difcover the ohje6Vs that^ 
kept him in fuch terror and fufpence ;^ 
and when they had proceeded about a 
hundred paces farther, at the doubling 
of a corner, flood fully difclofed to view 
die very individual and undoubted caufe 
of this tremendous found' and terribfe 
noife, which had filled them with fuch 
doubts and confternation all night long« 
This was no other, (be not offended, 
gentle reader) than fix fuUing-ham- 
mers, which, by their alternate ilrokes, 
produced that amazing din. Don Quix- 
ote was ftruck dumb with aftonifliment 
at the fight ; Sancho looked at him, and 
found his head hanging down upon his \ 
bread, and other manifeft figns of his \ 
being out of countenance. The knight, ^ 
in his turn, looked at the (quire, and \ 
faw his mouth (hut, his cheeks pufled ' 
np, with other fymptoms of his being ^ 
ready to burft with laughing. This \ 
comical fituation of the fc^uirej in fpite ' 
of all his own melancholy, obliged the 
nafter to begin 1 and Sancho no fooner 
beheld -'^- ^—^- -^ »^- .-^ -»-^'- r„ 


gates of his mirth, which broke forth 
with fuch violence, that he was under 
the nece/Iity. of fupporting his fides with 
both fifts, that thry might not be rent 
to pieces by the convulfion. Four times 
did he exhauft, and as often renew the 
laugh with the fame impetuofity as at 
firftj for whfch Don C^ixote already 
wiihed him at the devil, more efpecially 
when he heard him pronounce, by way 
of fneer, < Know, friend Sancho, that I 

* was born by Heaven's appointment, 

* in thefe iron times, to revive the age 

* of gold, or the Golden Age! I am he 

* for whom ilrange perils, valiant deeds, 

* and vaft adventures are refervedl' 
And in this manner he proceeded, re- 
peating all, or the greater part of the 
knight's exclamation, when they firft 
heard the terrible noife. 

Pon Quixote fioding that Sancho made 

Worfliip, forbear 5 before Go(J I, vv^s> 
only in jeft.'— ' Though yo\\ was in » 
jeft,* anfweced Don,Quixot.^, * I wjls 
not quite to mci'rily difpofed • come hi- ^ 
ther, Mr. Jokes J don't you think, that , 
if, infteadof fu1llng-l\ammers', thefe, 
had been fomc very dangerous adveii- ^ 
ture, I have fliewn courage enough (o^ 
undertake auit itchlevc it?. A'm' I,, 
who am a knight, obliged forfooth, to 
dlftin^iiifh [bunds, and know which ^ 

■proceed frorti fulHng- mills, and whi^ 
do not? efpecially as it may be the 
cafe, and it really is fo, that I never , 
faw one before 5 though it is other- ^ 
wife with thee, bafe plebeian as thoji ^ 
art, who was born ana bred up aiQong , 
them s but fee if thou can ft metamor- , 
phofe thefe 'fix hammers into fo many > 
giants, and bring them within arm*^ , 
length of me, one- by one, or a^l , 

'together J and if I don't make tjierp ^ 
lie with their heels uppermolt, makp » 
a y^ of me as much as you plealeu'' » , 
Enough, dear mafler,' replied San- , 

d the feventy of the knight's fea- ^ cho, ' I confefs I have exceeded a little , 
relaxed, than he opened the flood- * * in my pleafarttryj but, pray tell Qie ^ 

now, that .we are at peace again, a^ , 
God fliall deliver your worAiip from , 
all fucceeding adventures as faf)^ and , 
found as you have been extricated , 
from this, is' not the terror "with , 
which we were feized, a thing to hp i 
laughed at and repealed? I meant « 
my own terror j for^ as to,your wor.7 , 
Ihip, I. know you are" an'utter ilran- , 
gcr to' telror and difmayt'— ' I do ^ 
not deny,' anfwered Don Quixdt^ » 
that what hath happened to us is riiji- * 
culous enough j but, neverthe^efs^ jt » 
ought not to be repeated j becaufe , 
every body hj*8 not difcretlon lb 'take » 
things by the rigfit handle.' — * lani ^ 
fure,' replied Sancho,' that your wpr* ^ 
fhip kn9ws how to handle your lancei , 
with which, while you wanted tp , 
handle my head, you happened t^o . 
( falote my (houlders $ thanks 'be to 

O % «God« 


DaN ^IXOTJ^«r 

'. Godt an4 vay own .a^ivity, in aveid- 
' ing the blow : biit yil tliaft, wnen it is 

* dry, will rub out ^ and I t^ve often 

< lieard k Taid, *' He that loves ekee 
«• well, will often make thee ciy/* 

* Kay, h Ts a common thing for yoyir 
•gentry, when they have faid a tiar!(h 

* thing to a foryant, .to inake it tip 
' withniih by giving liim a pair of caft 

* 'breaches ; though f don't Icoow what 

* they iiled to give after liavitig beaten 
*,bim, unle(^ it ^yt the j^SSUce of 

* knights -errant, after blows, to jgive 

< iflandis, or kingdoms oa ^he niain 

* whoknowf,' fai<J Don Q^ixoU, 
''but the dice .hiiy run that way, and 
'all that thou 'hali mentioned come ip 
' p^Is. I a(k pardon for what Is pati, 

* nnpe you are refolded to be more dif- 
' ^reet for t}te future i and as the firtt 
'^Amotions a/e not in a nianU own 

< power, I fnuft apprize thee hencefor- 
' 'jward to be more reserved, and abftain 
'from ipestking to &ce\y to ni^e^ for 
' in ail the books of chiralry I have 
' Wad^^ahd tb^y are almott jnAnite, I 
' 'never found that any fquire talked fo 

< l^much to his nUftf r s^s thou haft talked . 
'^6 thine: and really both. you and I 
« "are Very much tbblanie j thou, in re- , 
' k^'rding me fo little, and I, in not 

* &^ng niyfeif regarded raoie* Was 

< 'i)i6t Gandaliif, fqiiire '6{ Amadis de' 
' ^atil, count of the ^ijrm Iflftnd ? and . 
' yif. we read of him, that he always 
' ipdkt to bis mafter cap in band, with 
' an inclination of ^is head, and his 
•%o<iry bent in the Tvrkifli manner. 
' What need I haentibn Gafabal, fquire 
' yi} pon Qalaor^ wKo w^s Co reiervpd» 

< .tK4t^ in order to exprefs the excel - 

* Jertce pf his furpri?ii)g filence, his 
' 'XianTe is n^entioned but once in the 
' 'Whoje courfe of that equally vaK and 
' '^e hfttory. From what I have faid, 
' ^ancfio, thou art to draw. this infe- 
' retide, that there is a heceflity for 
' itiaintaining fome diftin^ion between 
' the mafter and bis man, the gentle- 
' hiaii and his fervant, and theknieht 
' a!nd'his^uire: wherefore, from mis 

< iiay fbrward, We are to be treated 
' vvlth more ref^eft and lefs. provoea- 

* liohj for if ever X am incenfed by 
' you again^ in any fhape whatever, 

* the pitcher will pay for all. 'I'he fa- 

* Voufs and benefits I have promlfed 
' will come in due time ] and if they 

< Ihould fail^ your wa|;et «t lesift WiB 

be f ortbcsmum^ ras X ha^iUmdy in* 
formed you** 

* All that jTour wodhip/ofaArvcs h 
very juft,* faid Sancho) V^>>^ Xibovti 
be glad to know, (ince if the benete. 
come not in tune, I muft^be fain 4nf»ut 
up with the wi^s, what was the hire 
of a knightoerrant's fquire in ^ofe 
days: and whether thc^ atfseed by die 
moni or the U. liSe «m«oo I., 
bourers ?'— * I dp not beUeve^^ antfWaF- 

ed J^on Quixote, * tiiait th^ w«rc x«» 
talned for hire, but depended altoge- 
ther on £avour^ and thoi^h I have be- 
queathed a fum to thee in my wiU, 
which J have left iigned and fealfd at 
home^ it was done in caie of tbe 
worit; for one does apt know hovr 
chivalry may fucceed in theiecaiamir 
tous times: and I would not hav^ my 
foul punilhed in the other world. for 
ib fmall ^ matter; for, let nse tell 
thee, Sanchb, in this there is not # 
more dangerous coul-fe thsw that of 
adventupes.'— < 'f hat I knew to be 
true,' antwe]«d tlie fquire, ' iiiice tbe 
noi^ of a fulling-mill eouJ14 da«iit 
aiKi dijiurb the heart of fuc^ a valiant 
kntght-^rrant as your worihip; but 
this I aifure you of, that from thie 
jgood l^our, my lips (ha)! ,n«ver ^ive 
umbrage to your worfhip in tvoiin^ 
your affairs to ]eft again 4 but, 00 the 
contrary, honour yoii^ af iny i^atyljrai 
lord and mailer/*-^ In fo dpingg^-st^ 

plied t>on Quixote, < thou fh^lt live 
long upon the face of. the earth i Sor^ 
after your father and mother* you 
ought to refpe£t your mafter i^s ^i»fl« 
ther ^parent, ' 

C H A P. VII, 


A50UT this time fome rain be*' 
Binning to fall,^poiiiid 
that they (hould fhelter themfeJvtis in 
the fulling-miil) but Don Qj^otc kad 
conceived fuch abhorrence for it on* ac- 
count of what was pa^, that he would 
by no means fet foot within it^s walls 1 
w|^rpfore» turning to the right- ha&d^ 
thej^ chanced to fau in with a spad diile* 

lent fiom tb»t in whidi vhfy ^^ t«^* 



TtUtd'll^iay t>elbreii they had net 
gone far, when the kMj^ht.diifovened a 
man riding with Something on his head, 
tb«t gUtSkend liks potiihtcd gold| aad 
fcarec had he defcricd this pbttnomenon, 
when turaii^ to Sa«che^ * I Mi^* ^s^id 
he, ' thaxevtry proverb Is fkri&ly triiej 
iiklced all ot them are apothegms dic- 
tated by •Experience her^lf, the mo- 
dMT of 441 fciencej mote ^fpecially 
that which lays, « Shu^ ooe door and 
< another will fbon open T^ this I men- 
/tioMy hecaufis if Uft night Fortune (hut 
agaivftusthe door we fought to enter, 
by deceiving us with the fulling- 
haramerss to«day another ftands wide 
Qpen,in preferring to us another greater, 
aod more certain adventure, by which 
if I fail to enter, it (hall be my own 
faitlt, and not imputed to my igno- 
rance of fulling-mills, or the dark- 
nefs of the night. This I take upon 
nie to fay, becaufe, if I am not egre- 
gioufly miftaken, the perfon who 
comes towards us, wears upon -his 
head the very helmet of Mambrino, 
about which I fwore the oath which 
•thou mayeft remember/ 
* Coniider well what your woribip 
"fays, and better (lill what you do!* 
laid Sancho. * I (hould not chufe to 
meet with more fulling-mills to mill 
us and maul us altogether out of our 
lenfes/ — < The devil take the fellow,* 
ned Don (^ixote, * what afEnity is 
there between a fulling-mill and a 
helmet ?*-«-< Truly, I know not,* an- 
fweitd the (quire; ' but, in good faith, 
if I ^ivere permitted to (peak freely, as 
ufoal, I could perhaps give fuch xea- 
CotM as would convince your worihipi 
that you aire miftaken in what you 
fay.*-— < How can I be miftaken, fcni> 
puknis traitor r replied Don Quixote f 
{ee(k thou not yonder l^nigbtwho rides 
this way upon a dapple fteed with a 
golden helmet on his head?'-^^ What 
I perceive and difcern/ iaid Saocho^ 
is no other than' a man upon a grey 
a£i, like; my own, with (bmethiag that 
glitters An his head.* — * And that is 
thie very helmet of Mambrino,* re- 
plied the knight: * (land afide, and 
lea^e me alone to deal with him{ thos 
^hait (ee, that without fpeaking a fyi*^ 
lable, in ovder to %are tiinte^ £18. ad- 
ventui9 wtU be c9ficUidedi>y n^.aci- 

' qyifitkni of the helasef I have longol 

< K>r fo much.*'**-' Ves, I wiil takecan 

< to get out of the way,* aniwerod San« ' 
choi ' ^^ ^^ graat>* cried he, «a he 
went o8f < that this may turn out a 
' melon rather than a milling*^ *«*^ I 

* have already warned thec^ brother/ 
faid the knight, * not to roentsoa, aor 
' even fo much as ttii^k of the null 

* again t elle, by Heaven! TU fanr no 

* more^ but null the (mil out of thy 

* body.' 

Sancho was fain m hold his tomgatp ' 
dreading the performance ef his mafter^s 
oath, which had already ^nick him all 
of a heap. The whole affair of the 
helmet, fteed, and knight, which Don 
Quixote faw, was no more than thie : 
in that neighbourhood were two villa- 
ges, one of them & poor and fmafl, ' 
that it had neither Aiop nor barber t Iblr 
which realba, the trimmer of the laiger 
that was hard by, ferved the leder aHb> 
in which, at that time, there was a (Ick 
pei'fon to be blooded, and another to be 
ibaved J fb that this barber was going 
thither with his brafs'bafbn under his* 
arm ; but, as it chanced to rain while he 
was on the road, that hemi^tnot(poil 
his hat, which probably was a new one^ 
he (heltered his head under the bnCoiif 
which befng clean fcoyred, made ^ i)am'>' 
ing appearance, at the diftance of half 
a league ; and, as Sancho had obferved, 
he rode upon a grey a(^, which gave oe« 
ca(ion to Don Quixote to believe he was 
fome knight with a hefanet of gold,' 
n^ounted upon a dapple fteed; for be 
accommodated every thing be faw,'Wi^ 
incredible facility, to the extravagfttt 
ravings of his difordered judgtnent^ 
When he, therefore, faw this unlucky 
knight approach, without the leafteie*' 
pottulation, he put Itozsnaatt llki fuU 
fpeed, and couching his l^nce in the' 
reiky refolved to run him thrpugh the 
body at once 4 but, when be was almoft 
up with him, withotn checking ^e in^- ' 
petuofity of hia eareer, ha cried feiloud^ 

< Defend thy felf, wmched cak\f^ ot * 

< voluntarily yield what fo^ ]My hey ' 
' Jongs. to me* * * .. - ^ 

The poor barber, who fneitherdteaded 
nor dreamed of anf focb demattdj (ee- 
ing this phantom connilg ^1! ^peed 
uj^n himr<ou^d imd no other means to 
dc^qd htmfelf from. the florohe of thk 

• Ore^4ifify in the otjginsU, il|ffti6ds Aveet matjoratai j as iF Sancho hadwUhed his ' 

IDi^r xai^ht Ip4 a Aofcg^yy rather than a bloody «efc 




lancr, than to thmw himfelf down over' 
the buttocks of his afs; then getting 
up, before he hud Icaive touched the 
ground, with the nimblenei^ of a ftag,^ 
he began to fly acrofs the plain fo fwrirt, 
that the wind itfelf could not overtake^ 
him: but he left, his hafon upon the 
fpoc^ with which jDon Quixote was fa- 
tisfiedy faying, < The pagan hath aflo^ 

* with diicretion, in imitating the bea- ' 

* very which, ^eing itfelf chaced by the 

* hunters, tears off with it's teeth, by 

* natural inftinA, thofe parts for which 

* it is purfued,* Then, he ordered 
Sancho to take up the helmet, which 
thefquire having ' examined all round, 

* Egad V faid he, < it is a fpecial good 

* bafon,^ well worth a piece of eight, if 

* it be worth a farthing V and gave it 
to bis isiaftcr, who putting it on his bead, 
««d turning it round and round,, with- 
<nit being able to find the vizor, faid, 

* Without doubt, the pagan for whom . 

* this renowned helmet was Ai ft forged, 
' muft have had a moft capacious head: 
*■ but the worfi: of it is, that one half is 

* wanting/ 

When Sancho heard him call the ba- 
ibn a helmeti he could not refrain from 
laughing J but^ remembering the in> 
dignatioB of his mafter,, checked - his 
mirth all of a fudden ; and when Don 
Quixote aiked what he laughed at, 
replied, * 1 cannot h^lp laughing when 

* I think of the huge head -of the pagan 

* who owned that helmet, which looks 

* for all the wbrld like a barber's ba- 

* fon.'-^-* Why, truly Sancho,' faid he, 

* I imagine that this very individual in- 

* chanted helmet, by fome ftiange ac- 

* cident or other, mud have fallen into 

* the hands of fomebody who did not 

* know it's ineiiimable value, but fee- 
' ing it was made of the pureft gold, 

* melted down one half of it for fale, 

* and left the otho: in this ihape,. re^ 

< fembling, as thou fayeft, a barber's 

* bafon^r but be that as it may, iince \ 

* am fatisfied of it> real worth and iden « 

* tity, the tcanfinutatioii ts of fmaU 

* jconrequence^ for. J will order it to be 

* repaired in the iirft village where we 
'•can find a --blaokfmtih,' in ^ch a 

* manner as^to beimexcelied, nay even 
' Hi.nequaJJled by -that which Vulcan 

< forged .and. ifiniOicd fpr the god of 

* -war^ mianlvbtley.J will weai: it. in 

* this manner, for it is ftill better than 

^ .9.9^^M% ^\ M^f ^^ ^^ ^^ |\4(&:fen( 

to defend ine from any fhower of ftohef 
that may chance to fall.** 

• Yes, if they come not out of 
flings, aitwto 'the cafe in the ikirmifli ' 
between the two armies, when they 
demblifhed your worfllip^s grinders, 
and broke the cruze which contained 

^hat blefled balfam, which made me 
-vomit up my liver and lights ?'— 
That lofs gives me not much' tinea ii- * 
nefs,' anfwered the knight, • Tjccaqfe ' 
thou knoweft, Sancho, I retain the . 
receipt of it in my memory 5'—* So do 
I,' replied the fquire. « But, Lord, 
let me never ftir fiom the place where 
I now ftand, if ever I either make or 
meddle with it for the future; efpeci- ' 
ally, as I hope I (hall never have oc> ' 
cafon for it again, being refolveid, ' 
with the affiftance of my fitfe fertfes, ' 
to avoid being hurt myfelf, and kKo 
to refrain from ' hurting any perfbn 
whatfbever. As to another bout of 
blanketing, I have little to fay : Aich 
nf>iafbrtunes are not eafily prevented j 
but when they happen, there is •no- 
thing elfe to be done, but to ihrug tip 
our moulders, hold in our breath, (hut 
our eyes, and leave ourielves to the de- 
'termination of chance and the blanket.* 

* Thou art a badCbriftian, Sancho^* 
faid Don Quixote, when he heard theft 
words, * for once you receive an injury, 

* you never forget it ; but know it is 

* peculiar to noble and generous miftda 

< to overlook fuch trifles : haft thou gjot 

* a leg lamed, a rib fraftured, ortkjr 

* head broke m the profecution of that 

* jeft, that thou canit not forget it ? for 

* thea^isiir, whef\dulyconfidered, was 

* ,no more than jetl and paftime ^ had I 

< not underftood it fo, I ^ould have 

* r4turned ere now, -and done m6re 

* :m>fchief in revenging thy quarrel, 

< than the Grecians did for the rape of 

* Helen ; who, if (lie lived in this sge^ 
' or if my Dulcinea had flouriflied in 

* her time, would not have been fo re- 

< nowned for beauty.' Here he fetched 
a profound (igh, fcnd ient it* to the 
clouds. • Let it pafs, then, for a Joke,' 
faid Sancho, < fmce thei« is no Uk^* 

* hood of it's •beii'ig revenged in earlieR^s 

* but \ know what fort of jokes and 

< eanieds thoiearej and I believe they 

< will fcarce- flip out of my memory, 

< while they remain engraven en my 

* (boulders. But, fetting this afide, I 
^. wi(h y^r. ^i;lhip would tell me what 

» 1 OttU 



^ } (hall do witk this' dipple Iked to 
^ like a grey afs, which was abandoned 

* by that caitiff, whom your worfliip 

* overthrew { for by thefwiftnefs of his 

* heeUy when he ran away, he feems to 
' have no thoughts of returning 5 and* 
' hy my whtikers ' excellent beafl!* 

' It is never .my cuftom/ iaid Don 
Quixote, ' to plunder thofe I overcome ; 
*■ neither is it according to the laws of 
' chivalry, to take from them their 

* horfes and leave th^m on foot, unlefs 
'* the conqueror hath loH his own during 

* tht engagement i in which caie we 

* are Allowed to ^ take the horfe of the 
'. vanquilhed as the lawful fpoils of- 

* war^ wherefore, Sa^cho, leave that 

* horie or afs^ or what |hou wilt, where 

* he now itands« and perhaps his.tnaiier, 
' perceiving we are gone, will xeturn 
' .and find him/-4-' God is my witneis,* 
anfwered Sancho, ^ I ihould be glad to 
< carry him off, or at leall exchange 
' him for my own, which feems to be 
', the worft of the two: truly the laws' 
'. of .chivalry are too confined; and 
' fmce^ they do not extend to the ex- 
^ change of one afs for another, I 

* would fain know if they allow me to 

* change the furniture of the one for 
^ that of the .other?'—* I am not quite 

* clear in that particular,* replied the 
knight I * and m fuch a dubious cafe, 
' tjil fuch time as we csin get beAter infor- 
*. n^ation, I think thou mayeft exchange 
' the furniture, if the neceiiity for lb 

* doing be extreme.'-^* It is fo ex- 
*. treme,* faid Sancho, * that if it were 
' for my own particulate wearing, I 

* coulU not want it more/ Thus pro- 
vided with a licence, he made the ex- 
change of capariibns, and equipped his 
beaft with fuch £uiery, that he looked 
ten per cent, the better. 

This exploit being performed, they 
went to breakfall on the remains of what 
they bad plundered from the fumpter- 
niule, and quenched their third with 
the, water from the fulling-mills, with- 
out turning their heads that way, fo 
njucb did they abhor them on account- 
of the dread which they had infpired. 
The rage of hunger and anxiety being 
thus, appeafed, they mounted, and with- 
out following any determined courfe, 
(for it^ is the pra^ice of true knights- 
errant, to keep no certain road) they 
left the choice of .their route to the will 
and pleafure of Rozinante, which viras 
always. amJie so his mafterg as well as 

to the a&, thatJolIowed whttherfoive^ he 
led, like a trufty friend and companion* 
In confequence, therefore, of his deter* 
minadon, they returned into the high- 
road, in which they travelled atnadom 
without any particular iebeme. .. . - 

While tliey thus jogged on, ^ Str,^ 
faid Sancho to his mafter> *. I wifh 
yoM» worihip. would allow me to con* 
fer a Jittle with you ; for, fince yott 
impofed that fevere command of fi' 
lence upon me, divers things have 
periflxed in my ftoihach j and this mtf -^ 
ment I have fomewhat at ihy ioiigiie*-s 
end, which I would not for the world 
have miicarry.*-^' Speak, then,' £aii| 
Don Quixote, < and be conctfetn thy 
difcburfe ; for nothing that is prolix 
can telifli welL'-!— * I fay. Sir,* ah'* 
fweied Sanfho, < that for fome days 
' patl I have been confidering how little 
is to be got and faved by going in 
queft of thofe adventures yoiif war-' 
fiiip hunts after, through theie crols-^ 
paths and defarts, where, tHbugh yo\f 
conquer and atchieve the molt peri* 
lous. exploits, there is nobody prefeiit 
to be witnefs.of your prowefs; ibtbat 
it niay remain in everlafting iilence^ 
contrary to the intention, and pveju'* 
dicial to the merits of your worfltipf 
wherefore, in my opinion, with/Ufb- 
miflion to your better, jadgmentit our 
wifeft cQurle would be to go into the 
iervice of fome emperor or gnat 
prince,, who hath a war upon his 
hands, in whofe fer vice your worfhip 
may have occalion to (hew your per** 
fonal valour, your great ftrength, and 
greater underftanding ; which bein^ 
perceived by the king we fcrve, he 
cannot chufe but reward each of ut 
according to his deierts 9 neither will 
there be wanting fome perfon to write 
the hittory of your wor(hip*s exploits^ 
for a perpetual memorial $ I (hall not 
mention my own, becaufe they cannot 
exceed the bounds of a fquire's pro-< 
vincej though this I will venture to fay* 
that if it was cuftomai7 in chivalry to 
recount the atchievement^ of our fra- 
ternity, I don*t think but mine might 
be inferted between the lines of the 

' Thpu art not much in the wrong,^ 
eplied Don Quixote ; * but before ift 
comes to that ilfue, a knight muft 
travel up and down the world as a 
probationer in queft of advepturesy 
until by his repeated atchievtmentft ho 

« (haU 



flurii ham kcquindl a flifficiciit ftodo 
of iamt ; ib that wbco he irrives li 
the oourt of feme nighty oionaKh» 
be may be iaunedtatcly known by his 
vmkM, la that cafe, as fooa as be 
fliall be Aen to enter the gates of the 
city^ all dieboya wiil lumnind and fol- 
low him, fliouting and crying, '*'Be-> 
*. hold ilw koight of the fun,'' oe th€ 
ftrpeiitf or of any odier badge under 
wwch be baA peifbnned his greet cit-* 
liloitt. «« Bdiold/' they will %» 
M the maii who ^MMjaiflied xa fingle 
f^ ooiKfaat At migbiy giant Brocarbru- 
^ JM^ andddfverai^gieatMamal«ke 
t** of .Paafta, fvom the fhnanee inohant- 
ment that prevaBed cfvtr htm for the 
ipace of ninehundned years/* Thus 
fluU tbe^proceed» reoountiiig hirex- 
plbita from mouth to moum> until, 
fiirpriaed at the noife of the children 
and* populaoe, tk& kinj^ of that eoan- 
tiy fttali appear at onex>f the palape- 
wiikbifwa I and no iboner behold thd 
knigb^tha« kno«ring bim immedi- 
ately by hisanaour, or the device 
vpon l|ia fliieki/ be will oertainlv ck- 
ckiiai, '* So ho, there! let all the 
* knights belonging to my cowt^ go 
^ forth andieceivc the flowctP'Of chi- 
f* Talry <hat eoBKs yonder.^* 

* At thiji oo«i9iai|d ail of them wiir 
comeevt^ aad the king himlelf ad- 
vance^ to meet -him <m the middle of 
the ftatr-cale, where he will embrace 
him mofi aifeftionately, giving- htm' 
the kifs of frkndflup andt welcome $ 
then taking Irim by the hand, will hd 
coadu^ htm tO: the (}ueen'» cloTet,' 
whtre he witt iind her majefty with 
the j^rmcefa b^ daughter, who is one' 
of chemoft bcauflifivt and accomplifli- 
ed young ladies that ever was i^Miv in 
the known worid. In this interriov/ 
flie will intmediately 4ix her eyes upon 
the knight, who at that inllant fhall 
be gaMg at hei^ at»d each will ap- 
pear to the other fomeihing fuperna- 
tural $ witboutknowinghow or where- 
fore, they will find themfdlves pre- 
sently caught and intangled in the 
inextricable net of love, and be in- 
finitely concerned becaufe they have 
no opportunity of converling together, 
and of dilcloungtbe reciprocal anxiety 
. (^ their Oughts, /titer this audi- 
ence, he will, dovbtkrs, be owried 
to feme apartment «f the paijice -richly' 
fUrnUhed'^ whe>e,^terthey fliall have' 
Ufk«a'0# bia «rno«r».tbey vtiil olothe 

< hibi Ai a cW fcivlct Mbe faMgfat &^ 
' the purpoft f and if be made a fine 
appearance im armour, be tnil liaok 
inisiitely mosegameel in bis. donAk&t: 
Aft night be will fop at ^ fiuar 
tsbte witb the king, qoeen^ aad is- 
fimta, upon whom he wtM iuL bir 
eyes as otten as be can, without beibg 
perceived by the by-fta^lera; wrbifi 
ihe wiil pra^Te the fame expedient 
with equal iagadty : for, at f hare 
already obftrvcd, flie mufl be a yoaag 
lady of vaA difcretion. 
■^ The table being oncovoned, there' 
will enter at midaigbt tfavoog^ the' 
halUdoor, a little deforaied ^wMfy 
followed by a beautiful lady^ gvardedP 
by two grants j and he ^U propofr a^ 
^ ceitain adrtnture, eontrived by a moft' 
aadent feg^ which whofpever Atall' 
Ivniih, wirfbe deemcthtbc mdib rallMie 
knight in the whole world i then the 
king will order every warrior in wait- 
ing to attempt it) but all of them' 
fliall fail eiMept Hte Ibranger knt^, 
who will perrorm and aacomplimit 
rtry muth«to hie own credit, aa wril 
as. to the falisfaftion of the priaceft,' 
who will think herflflf extremely hap-' 
p}',and well reouitod, for hvringplaced 
her afFe6|ions to worthily. - What is' 
better tiH, this king or pKtice, or 
whatever hfi ie, being at thaftitae ea^ 
gaged vA- a naoft <Mifiate war with a 
potenfMe of e<|ual ftrength, hie-eiielt»' 
after having ftaid a few<daya at Jourt, ' 
begeleave-to «> and fervehimia the' 
iiekl'; and tne king granting his 
re(^ie(V with pleaftire, the- knight 
miiHt politely kiflea hie hand for the 
great honour he hath done him j diat 
iame night he goes to taMe his leave 
•of his iviiflveft the ihfaaia, thfotigh 
the rails of a garden adjoining ttf m- 
chambef in which flie lieai where 
tliey have already at di4(srent time^ ' 
enjoyed each other's converfationj by 
the means of adamfel, who being the 
iufama^s confidante, is privy to' the 
whole amour : on thisoceafion hc^will- 
figh moft piteoufly, ftie will aAually 
faint away ; the damfl^l will -ruti for 
water, and the knight will be- ev- 
tremely concerned, becaule tbe day 
begins to break, and he would not 
fw the world be difcov«red' to the 
'pr^udice of the lady^s ii^iitatioi». In 
nne, tbe^rincefsrecovera>^nd^reaehM 
her fair hand through the rails to the 
knight^ who IMh ijt* a tbou0Mid' 

* timea. 



^>fi^ >m S^V? %5<^f..m-^^ • 

infanta ntr^ts him ^^o return as lopu » 
as pojOTiblei fie fwc^r^'folemnyr to i 
comply with h^r reoueft, ^ITes.hQij^ 
iaand ^g^in^ and bid$ |ier farew^l.wi'^hi, 
Tuch ami6l»an as weU-nigh Jopd^j^s , 
biin oF life /from thence h^'.^etreais * 
to "his chamber, throws l^imfelf jupoh , 
'the bed, but cannot^ llee^,. fo gqeveU » 
Is Tie at p^rtii^g ; lie rifes e^rly ip tf^e , 
morning, goes to take l^aye^pf the. 
,king^ 9Me^9.> and infanta j their mi- , 
jefties' accordingly bid Hiin far^wel, 
aftci* haying .informed hiqi that thp , 
prufice/s is jndiibored, and cannot fee , 
company. J the Knight impytin^ her 
diferder to her /orrow for his depar- , 
ture^ is pierced to the foul, and well- ^ 
nigh betray? his ovyn an^ci.ety. The . 
confidante being prefent all the while, » 
takes notice or every circumft^ncc, > 
wicb (he imparts to her lady, who > 
Ii den 8 with her eyes, and ob- 
ferves that notbin? gives fo much un- 
eafmefs as her ignorance of the knight^s , 
pedigree, and her iippatience to koojy » 
whether or not he is of royal extrac- > 
tion : the damfel afTures her, that Co 
much politenefs^ gentility, and valour ■ 
as he pdifeHed, could never be united 
except in a dignified and royal difpo- 
fitionj the affli^ed infanta con/bles 
herfelf with this obfervation, and en- 
deavourincr to regain her ferenity, that 
fhe may not give caufe of Hifpicion to 
her parents, in two days appears again . 

* The knight having fiJt out for the . 
armyi comes, to battle, overcomes the , 
king^s adverfary, takes many towns, . 
makes divers coh(juefts, returns to. 
sourt^ viiits hi$ miftrefs in the uTual , 
manner, and the affair being co|\- ^ 
certed between them, demands her in , 
marriage, as the rewskrd of his fervice; ^ 
Jier father refufes to grant the boon, on » 
pretence of not JcnowATgwho this hero , 
is§ but, neverthelefs, either by ffealth, » 
or fome other way, the infanta be- 
comes his wife; and atlafttbe l^ing ^ 
is overjoyed at hrs good fortune, when 
tbii knight proves, to be the fon of a 

^)ifitfiff tofi I.iiip^ it Ci?uld opt kn » 

.foundju^ thei4WU>» ^.tXlye father 4i^|^ > 

^ ii\fanta fycfiti^ aad ill two Wtt<b » 

..thf kni^hitbecpmes ki«g ) thist ttaif » 

is (he time to rerward his (quir^iK and* 

[all ihoie ^^ho Hpig^ hiai. 19 nfceiwl * 

^)i^fi thrpne*; ^^h^.f^uire accqrdiogly • 

, is inajq^ied to a d^^ belpngiDgip* 

the infanta, who .doubtl^fs :nqm he » 

(hi that, was privy to her amour, -an^ • 

Mauehter of foine powerful duke»*.^ • 

' * This is what X vvaiit,' cried Ss^nch^^* 

and what vvith fair plajf I.ibs^l ojstai^^f » 

Cpr.ail that yo^hav^ qientionfd .will* 

exa^lly happen to your worihipy uor » 

. d^r the title of TiieKnight of theRue- • 

ful Countenance**—** Never doubt it^ • 

Sancho^* replied JDqn Quixote f / for • 

)h the iame manner^ ^pd by theCufifi • 

fteps I have, recoupted^ ^Pisbtt^fn^p 

rant rife^ and hs^vff rjfen to the|j^iqj( » 

.of kings and eibperors* . Our onjy » 

buHnefs now Is toivok a4t for Sofm^ 

ChriHian or Pagau^king who ia slt» 

'war, and bath a beautiful daught«u«} » 

but there will t^e time to think of th^, > 

fince, as I have:already told thee« re- > 

nown mud be acqvj^ed ellewhere, l^< • 

fore we repair to courts i^ay, ano-* 

ther* difHcuity occurs, nameiyy tbs^t * 

though we (houid find & king at wi(r 

whonas a beautiful daughter^ • aft^r » 

I (hall have acquired incredible glpr/ - 

through the whole univeife j. I do not . 

know how it can be proved that I am*' 

of royal extra£lion, ».or even fecoiid» 

coufin to an emperor j and no king* 

will grant his daughter' to n^ in m^-«i 

riage, until heis£r(l thoroughly /«•« 

tisfied in that parj:icuia,r, tlp.vgh 5»K 

famq^s exploits (hould merit a niu^ « 

mere valuable reward.; wherefoce^ oa . 

account of this defe6l, I. am afraid I • 

(hall lofe'that which the prowel^i of * 

my arm may well deferve. . Xru? it » 

'is, I am a gentleman of aa anc^t « 

and honourable family^ not without * 

property, poQeflion, and a title td the . 

revenge of the" five hundred fueldos * § » 

and it is not impoflible, that the fage » 

ordaiucd to write ipy hiftory, may » 

furbifh up my parentage and pedlgrep . 

in fuch a manhcr, as to prove mfe de* 

fcended in the fifteenth or (ixteen^ 


»«ii' ^i^ott; 

* V0«HnRWB miRi V iciiiK f vor « BniK 

< 'hAAp mntf ^Mf^ ifVorvitil frtMi 

* 'ptihcM wai ftMiMthkf >iAith dtlle 
« teHi diiieedbY IHth ittd little, tUl 
« ^ Ifeft It tfids Aft )l |H>iklt1lke t pjrrt- ' 

* tm i tile otbti' iMvek it*t bceinnihg to ' 
< ')MbIt of mean dfeMe, and Inciedlt 

* l^smAliy to nobilW and jpowar } £> 

* 'ihiit'the diiftttned is, the one w«f 

* once fofllethingy Hntit ndw nothiMg} 
^•Md the other was once ilothing, but 

* H nd<# fohiethingf berhapk, there- 

* fOfe, I may be one of the fitft men- . 

* iScmed diviliQn $ suid jdEtf oriein, upoh ' 
' enquiry, be found high anamishty $ 
« a eircumftanee that ottght to mhiy 

* thekiiigy Who is t6 be my father-in- 

* Hit J and if it Ihould not have thalt 
« «flm» th^ infanta wilt be to enamour- ' 
« ^ of m&, that in (bite of her father, 

< ihe will ' receive M aa her lord and 

* huiband, wen thong|b flie were cer- 
« tain of my behigthefonofaporteri. 
' but ihotild ihe be fhy, then ft me time 
^ to carry her away by force, tp any 

* corner of- the eartk I (hall chuie for , 
' Ay refidence, until time or death (hall 

< but an end to the relkitment of her , 

* pami^a 

* And here,* tried Sancho, * nothing 
' can be more pat to tht purpofe, than. 
^ ^hat fome of your unconfcionable, 

* fiellowtf often fay, << Who would beg 
^* a benifon, that fot the taking may 
•'iBiTe irenifon*?'* though it would 

* "iSW be more propei*, if they had faid, 
«^ Biitter tfaiefe than gHevef.** This 

* I oUefve, ^at in cafe the king, your. 

< HfttthipH ^ther-in-law» Ihould not 

< prevail nfm himftlf to give you the 
« thfenta his datighter, you may, as. 
^ yoiir worfliip lays, fteal and convey 
' tier o|f by main forcej but the mik- 

* TortUBte is, that while the peace is on 

* the anvil, and before you come to 

* the peac^ableenjoyment of your king- 

* 4am, the poorxfcjuire may chew his 
' cud in expe6btion of his recompence, 
' wihlk that confidante damfel, who is 

* to' be his /)>oufe, (hould npake her 

* "efoape with tlif princefs, and be con- 

tMrt lb Mil M^ cHI nHffoftjl Id silly 
untn iiieii nme a$ jwavtn man cv* 
tlai^ h tkbftMiAi |i!nr I belkve Id^ 
ftmetvtikfimj ufcly ^v^ her awajr 
in It^fol iharriage/— ^< That dioa 
itiayeft di^d upon,* faid Don Quix- 
ote. *9iti€e it is lb, then/ anrwcftd^na- 
clb, * 1SFC hive nothing to do bat re« 
commend onrik^lvea to God, and let 
fortiitietAk«it*towncourft.^-^< The 
Xord coodilft it,^ reptisd the knight^ 
aefcoi^i^ to my defires and my necef- 
fityi ind fma)l be his pztt, ivhx>' 
counts himfelf i»fe.*-^< A Ood*s 
name be it (b,* faid Sattcho, < fbr my 
own Ddurt I am an old Chrmian, and 
nitttme fit to be a lonl/-^< A/e, to 
ht greater than a lonl,* ahfW^nfd Don 
Quitott) * and even if thoa waft not 
Mb well Qualified it Vould be of no 
(ignification |, becauK I bdng king, 
cah confer nobility upon thee, wm- 
oiit putting thee toth^expenee ofpii#^ 
chantig, or of fubjeAing thyfw to 
any kind of fervitude; fbr, in creating 
thee an earl, behold thou art a geB- 
tleman at once y and let peoolo lay 
what they will, in good faith, tihey 
mult call thee your lordfiiip, if tt 
(hould make their neartl ache/— ' And 
do you xtckon that I (hould not know 
how to give authority to the pOrtent V 
faid the fquire. ^ Patent,, thou wouldfb 
fay, and not portent,* replied the 
knight. * It may be (b,* anfwered San* 
ho i * but I iniift upon it, tiiat I (hould 
demean myfelf very decently; for 
once in my life- time I was beaAe of 
a corporation, and the gdwn became 
me (o well, that every body &id I 
had the preienee of ^ warden : thert 
what (hall i be when I am cloathed 
in a ducal-robe, all glittering wkh 
|>earls like a foreign count ? tfpoe 
my confcience, I believe people will 
conic a hundred leagues on ' ptirpofe 
to fte me/-— < You will make a very 
coed lippeiarance,* faid Don Quixote ; 
but thou rauft take car^ to kciep thy 
beard clofe ihaved j for it is-fii mick, 
matted, and unfeemty, that tmlefs 
thou haft reeourfe to the raaor, every 
lecond day at leaft, they will de what 

* Uterally, ' Never beg when vowcaa take/ 
f In the oflgUial. * A (batch fr 

B^ikcriuijr, ' ijvcycr oe^ wnea J09 can ukc*^ 

In the oflgUialj * A (batch from behlail a btt(h is better than' the prayer of gopd 

^ Thlelbeint to have been intended as a ftmke tff flKire againft thbfe princes v^o M 
w^Hatf to ifct iughel^bidder, without any regtfd to ^e merit of the porchaftr* ' 

• then 


DON qjrixQT«» 


thou «it.a (vm-iM 4»f/-^ W^t 
eliV have I to do/ (iMd ^ (quire^ 
but to hire 9 bad>er aqd lieep him 
conftantjy in the honfej i^d if ( 
find pc^afipp for it» even make htni 

Qaixote, Midi hit fquire &A1C99 Pai>f ^ 
M related in ibr ^MT^^g <fhiipteiv was 
np fooner concl^d^ ^a^^ the ^i^gh^* 
UftiBg up hit eyett j^i^ield u^ the roaf 

follow me at a mafter of the hpiiefol- . befoae him abwt tw<tke i^efi ^. fq^^ 

lows pqe of your grandees.* 
\ ^ow do'ft thoji know/ faid Don 
<2^xore» < tha^ our grandees are att 
« ^odedby thetr mafttrs of horfc?'— » 
* Tbat YOU ihaU he fatitfied hi»* sinr 
iwered the fquire : '* heretofore I wss 9 
whole iponth alt court^ wheie I faw • 
very ]ittlf geptleman, wb9 the^ ^U 
me was a very great lord^ pamng t9 
;g[id fcpf ^4 & man foUowi^ig him a 
horfeback, t^rniag ever and s^non ss 
he turned, as if he* had been.4ic not 
bJeman> oy^n t^| when I Mke^ why 
the man did tiof. overtake th? othei^ 
b^it always kept behind him^ they 
aiifweredy thaf he was his ro^fter of 
jmrie, aiE^d that it was afaihipn among 
the great, for each to 1^ ^tteuded by 
an officer of that name. . Ever (ipce 
that time I have r^menihered their ofr 
iice fo ai(linj^Iy, that I belim I fliaV 
never forget it/— >< I tWnk thou axt 
m^ch in the right/ (ai4 PoA; Q^xr 
ote* ' in jrefolving to cariy ;hx h^^^V 
ailohe with thee$ for ci^ftomt c^noe 
not ail (ogeth^r, hecsufe they were 90^ 
invented all at once ) therefore thou 

&rung together like h^d^, ^hh * ««W 
irpn chip fatf^edtp tlnar jf^ecjfM^.mai 
he pfr^f iv^ iha^Iei^ upon the aifm* fif 
each. Th«y.wre cK^ndu^d tiy twp 
mkn on horfeb^cla, and the like nuidbar 
jQO foot : the hoifeopen ^Tmtd with ^er 
lodi|S» ai^d the £^ w^th javqii^f fnil 
fwords. Siancho feeing t^m |idv3^|»c% 
That,* iaid he, . < is ^e chain ^ wet 
compelled by xjsffi kiiig t^ work \^tim 
galli^s^'-»< . Hfjfft compelled T . ojied 
the knight; * i| it jfoiTiiblff thcf king com^ 
pels pepple iim^hif (envies V^* l^^Jt. 
iky iii»v* .anfwere^- 3an^o ^ ' tlipfe 
people aie condemned foe they* ff im^ 
^ iervif in the^^i^ig*! g^iii^on^ompMh' 
£on.*-r' fo ihprty* ««|>Ue4 D^^QttJx^ 
ote, * bethsf ^k ifK^ll^ thf y go mH; To*- 
' luntariWy but are 4civ*a W %P^*-« 
CeriiaiiSiyi'fiH4S#nrto, « $inc<;jhat 
is th^crff/ fe(u9^ his ms^ei, * heie 
the f xeigi:^09 of my offi^p is ppncern- 
td s (o-annul force, 91^. l^illgX^<^:our 
foi Uie,.miJ[iprab]^,W ?my» good your 
Wor(hipt t^d^ A^tic9,t tlvu '}^^ 
which i§ iHe king. himf«lf» IV^W U/(ss 
violence nor fevenij^ t^ ^db^ B^9]4% 

mayeft be the fir(^ earl that* ever wW -^ 6S^C«ptsf( apuni^imf nt fc^ thefrc^es.* 

;«ttended b v 1^ (haver j and tr\dy il; it 
.^ pfficQ of greater confidence to^ tpm 
the heard than to faddle the hprie.*-r 
L^ve that af&ir of the barber to my 
management/ faid Ssn^ho^ * ahd far 
it y^vf care to make youyfelf a ki^g» 
and me an earl, with all coi^v^ient 
(peed.*— < That fliall be d/pmc/ 1^ 
pUfi(t the knieht i who lifting up his 
eyes» perceived that ^hich ihail be rtv* 
,€9l^ted iA the fuc^eeduig chapter, 


PON, qj^IO^OTE a|t7;S at LIfiBl(.TY 
9£OPLk> WHQf' UV^H AQiyiNST 
THBUt WILl^S, y/E1i& Q/OIKO A 

. i.quaNBY TH>T WA9 NOT j^T 

CID HametSes^gelisr^ Ami$am 
and Manchegan ailthor, recounts 

i» this iolemi^ ^(iniei mi^itt^ 9^^ 

t -* 

By this^uwthe clwii^rf galley- fevqi» 
beiugcoavTiUD, Poi? C^^lRy Wt,k miM^ 
coufftefyt 4tftmd thi^ guajrds .^ywwi^ihP 
pleafed |o inform hmi Qf tb^ «f^fi(.gr 
pau&s for which thofi^^pe^f I9. were tr^a^^ 
64 i^. tWt m^n rver ^ . oifB of ^ hor^m^u 
iieplieds that thiey w£re uaves b^ooging 
ta hi9 maysfty going to the gaili^ an$ 
that was al I .he <auld fay « of the emjuirer 
had oc^iion ^o kAAW:9f ^he ^ma^es. 
' Neverthelafs,* reAni^thekDi^,.<'( 

* am de(iroua of knqwin^Ci^m ,^ach 119 

* particular the occ^fion g^ his iv^f'tr- 

* tune,' To th|?re.4|e#dMe4o^«r'^voh 
courteous cnfcceatiesr ift Wrtiwe.^feW m 
fatifify his d<?^i thf^t-tl^oUKr qA^i^iOfi 
horfcback ftiid, • Ti»»%gh W bswg»t 

< adong with us ^b^.yegiliff ^d ^rf ift- 

< cate of tl)^. fsjijteAGi^^'of ea^ho^ thofe 

* malefi^^fS;^ WS h^ye no (ime aA pi^* 
«, ffflt .^.t^e jt.iontrimd give y^u .the 
f reading^flf'jtj bu$.4|yt^« h*«»"d 

f to gQ aj»^ <Vi<^«l^ th^mf4v4lB they 

* will anfwer every thing you aik, to 
f thf bsft of their .kiW¥Rledi9»t fit^they 
h 9r% ^ fet .qf JBfuSuami99 who delight in 

•^'m<3^'iig A yttH'^ftiiarn^ tifnf Hemes' iihdtt thif toAtirt if aftif ifli/tij 
•*.^44*^.^*. .^1 w^i..... u;. <^ been applied. tq thard^liftquenl. He 

J bWAcdhis crime, which was hWfe- 

• ' With tll{«'perMifiidif > i^hfyih In* would 
have t9kett rf they'b^d ildt grtntedir; 
DoA Quixote approacKifridfiihe chain ^ ^nd 
mflted'ot th* foreraoft,^ fdr what offence 
%e Idhrelled in that equipage. * * Ohly 
.^ *'*£«» bcine- in love,' aniwered the cri- 
fnmal.. f Tor that only r rtplied the 
insight. • « If they pJflTnde'mfi peopl* 
** for being m love, I'mlght ha^ btich 

* tnggiDg in the galKet lorig* ago.**— 
^•*Biit^ my love,' anffvered -^Ae (lave, 
<• wfia* quite dHfercnr-frortrwhat ydur 
^' Worflrip imagines. I fefl dj^ly in h>ye 
** with a balket crammed full of white 
** IThen, and lockM it 1(^ faft in my em- 
■* 'brace, that if juftice had hBt tdrt it 
'* from my arms by forces -I '/hotrid not 
*'1iave quitted' k wfllhtgly*to'this gtiod 
•••hour: the thing bring flagturtt, there 
*'Wa« fio room tor putting^ me to the 
*' torture, and •thereR>rif the' cauft ^a's 

* fooh-diflbuiled) niy'thbuldeife wereac- 
•♦•cdititoodatcd ^Ii*a cool hundred, I 


' fttalingj^ accordingly, h^viri|j recei^ec^ 

* tyvo hundred iafHes, he was condemju- 

* ed for fii< yiars to the ^alKek/'anid' he 
< spears arways* penfive andTady be*- 
••' cshire his bfothev-romic^ wholceep bii^ 

* Combanyj continually malgtJ^t, op- 
n)raid, yerpire, and iSoff at hiih^ "foi^ 
•' haviog confeifed out of pure putUlar 

* ntmity. ^. For/*'faytltey, ««Isfo'con: 
f«'ta!nt,a«lliaYiy letters as Ay f all ofFcn- 
** der Ti VCry lucky, ^hea his life Qif 
^^ deith dej)cnds uponllfs own topgue, 
«* and not upon the etidt^ce of wttnef^ 
*• fesi''''andtrulylthhrktfccy are not 
« ^arrtittiaken.' 

"v* « i Tiihbf the fame "opinion;* raid 
©on XJurxDte, ancj pafliffg on, it^^te^ 
hi* 'former. ,quefti6nto the third, who, 
Wi^ gi*eat rrtidinefs and alacrirjr, sui- 
fweted, * I am g^ing to pay a vijit o^ 

* five years to Lady Gurapa^ fo/ havhig 
. ^ . . • ivaiited' ten. dueats.'— '* I will 'g^f 

^'w<8 advifed to divm mjielf thr^ .VtyWty with all royfoUi," r6i>lifed'th9 
• yeari'in t!ie pinpuii andf'fe the bwfi- 'knight, • to c^fe yoM of yoinr misfxir- 

ae,-7*Thslt,*Te(bmed*the fiavc^ 

^ neft endedp'— ♦ Rray ythat are the gu- 
» tiipMr fafd Pon Quixote. «The |u- 
' rkjkt are tK^ gaiiies,* anilWered the 
4hieT} who Waa a y6ung fellow, abbut 
fweirty years of < age, and faid he was a 
<3tiatite of Piedrabit».' 

The' knight put the fame quelHon'tO 
^he fecondy wkb'ftemed fo ^overwhelmed 
Hvith grief aiid melancholy, that he could 
not^mwer one word-; but the firft faved 
him the trouble^ by faying, < This maR| 
* Sir, go^s to the gallies for being a 
^ canary bird | I meaft, for htt ildll in 
:« votal raufick,'— « Whatr ftid the 
4aiight, < are people fentenced' id- the 
'>* gaMies for their (kill in muftck:*^ 


* ii like ^i^rig money to a man. pc- 
"'« rifhing with hunger at fe'a^ Where there 

* is 'nor food to be bought;' I lay this, 

* becaufe had I been maftcr in time of 
« thofe tv*renty dneats yDUr*w6r/hip now 
'<*6ffers,I would have anoiiit^d the fe- 
** ci-etary's pen, and ouickened my laW- 
^ yer*s invention vith them, to^ig gCK>4 
'* purpofc, that I ihould benow'ftalid- 

* ing at Ubirry in^thc ilJuare of Zoco- 
*« dovcr' in Toledp, ^nd not dhfgs^ing 
^^Irke a hound to the gallies; but Hea- 

* ven is aSoye-^-^atienc.e and*— that is 
r pnoagh.' ; ' • ' • :* I ' 

Don Quixote then advanced to' * the 

•• Vet, Sir,* anfivered thfe other, * for "fSurth, wtio was a' man of a venerable 
•*' nothing i$ worie than to fing in the afpe^j with a Jong" white beard hang- 

>^ied the flare, * the eafe is quite diffe- 

« rentf for he thiat fings but once will 

«* have caufe to weep for ei^er.' Don 

Qjiixoteiayinghe could not comprehend 

hit meaning, one of the guards explain- 
• ed it, « Sir,' fald'^he, • to fltfg iri the 

*« heart-ache^ii i^ihn ufed^ytt^ft mif- « pofe^' faid Sancho, « after havi 
"^-^^^rcantate^sprdaa crkhmal ^k^o coii- '»*t)epoied''ta publick'b^\('^.> 

\ • A ct\mt tkM it ponlAed ^y the pilldiY la En^lah^, U iH'SMii^^x^ateA by Ae 
. comoa*t being mMMttiupo^ahWe, Uk lfU$^$tir^^M^whifi^ ii^^MMhff 
a.cqei!^ who proclaim tl^c tranfgrefiioBt 

word ; but the fifth criniihal l^c hiih 
his tongue, faying, * That honourable 

• gentleman isj^mgto the gallics for 
^ fotir years,' after haf^ifig imade his 

* publick *)p€arantc (Ai h6rMfb»ck with 
« great folemnity.^^ THit^ ii, 1- ftip- 

having bren 


t>tif'(i^itort'} its 

fo.V replied ' tbe flaw/ ^ and 'that pu-' « tompoiTe j>6iibndus mntturei, tp d^ivf 
niihinent wa^ idfliftedttpdn'hltn fo( « ptepleoftheirtenfes, under pretence of 
bei Jig an' ^ar-broker, or ratheV a bro- * caufing them fo be' beloved | it h^Xig 
ker for the whole body : to Ik plain ' 'a thing impofllble'/ as t have faid^' t9| 

convifi- * comnei the Will.'— •• What your ho* 

very true,** replied' ,tW 


and really. Sir, at U^ 
'^ the affair of conj^ring,.I am Dot sull* 
< ty;. though I cannot deny that I have 
*'been a pimp; but I nfever thought I 
' was to blame in that capacity, becaule 

* '^SyWhole intention was, tibat aQ th^ 
' world Jhould enfoy dietilfelfrei^' 'ana 
' 'liVe \n peace and quiet without ^uar* 
^ rels and anxiety. Vet, the tipk-ight* 
' nefs of my intention was of no fervice 
' in preventing my being fent to a place 

* from which I (hall never return, op- 
^ prefled as I am with years and a' vio<»' 

» for fh«? addition of hi^ conjuri^^ 
■*■ fcheme,' faid Don Qjilxdte, * he Is (p 
< far from defervinb to row in' the' gul- 
• lies for pure, pimping, that it father 
;« iiiftitles him to thecompiand of them*, 
^ . as ^ntral in ch'idF^ fpri if the office of 
.• a pander was well teguUted, it would 

be a mo^ honourable ind neceflary 

enapfoymcnt hi si well-ordered cobi- 

monweafltli, referved for people of Wrth 

and taieiif§, and lik^ the ofhi^r plaUs 

of truft, laid undw' 'theinlj)e£\idn of « prclled as I am witti years 

proper comptrollers/ and liVnited to a * tedt ftranguary, that will not allow 

certain number, like the bVokcrs'of * me a moment's relt.' So faying, h^ 

merch'an4}ze : fuch a regulation woul^ began to weep again, as before j and his 

pit vent many mifdiiefs^ which are now tears taiftd the [uty of Saocbo to fuch i 

occa^oned by that empIoymeHt's be;- degree, that ht Jtook a rial out of hif 

'ingin the* hatids of idiots or finfi]>le bofom, and gave it in charity to thecHf- 

wretchcsi'filcba*'fil!y wdmcn, pages, trelTed fenidr. 

ancf buinibns, wjthotit efther agfe or 

experience; who, upoii the m^ft ur- 
* gent oj^pafions, whdfr there^isneed.of 

the moft* iitport^nt contrivance, • let 

the model iWeztf between the difli and 

the motlth, and'tan'^aire diftiiigutih 

betwixt thefr right- hands and tHeur 

le/f.'* *I'^ooId proceed !ind advapce 

niany arguments to prove how advan- 
tageous 'it woi^ld be "hi a 'cbmrtion- 

wealth^ to make proper difKn^idiis in 

the choice of thofe ^ho exereile fuch a 

ne'ceifary emplovment ; but this is no 

place to ftttle tnat affair in j and oni^ 

day f tnay chanci^ to recommend it to 

the confideration of thofc vvho 'can 

both difcierh'arid provtdeafuitable re- 
medy for thii^deffea. ''I ftiaU ohly at 

prefent obferve, t)i*it tfte compamoh 

rfecl at fight 'of thefe grey hairs, 

and that venera^l^ countenance' in 

diflrefs for havinjg h^n a paVider, is 

r«tingUJHletf *^ the addWonal <ir-?rae 

of fbrcrt/; 'fhorigh I arfi well appriz- 

W tha« are no conjurers in- the wbtlcf^ 

who^ can fti^f cyr'al^'-thrvvilf;*as frven, an4 we upon qirth,' will take 

fbfme ^eak-mitided^pcpple imagine : « care to petition him for ' lohg Jife aA'd 

''Vom^;'i»/k^tifli i^^HV W% wbd fpoke'ij^' ihis itfaim^, ' appeared in 

. .s'Eb'^I i.-"» .. 1.;.. '.;' _'l ! •;: • . '•;*:, '• .' - . • 

. • * * the 

Then Don Quixote addrelTed himielf 
to the next, who anfwered his queftion, 
not with lfi&, but infinitely more viva- 
city than that of the former; 'faying^ 
' i trudge in ^this manner, for having 
' jefted a little extravagantly with tw^ 

* of my female coufins | and with twa 

* ^raore, who, though not related to me, 

* >Overe , in the (kme . degree of blood 'to 
each other: in fhort, I jelled ;witl| 
them fo long^ that in the end there 
was fuch an intricate increafe 6f kin- 

' dred as no cafuift could unravel, 
*"Evtiw thlrig was proved again ft me, 
' 1 hacf neither iAterefl nor m6ney, ancj 

< Iran fome f-iik of having my windpipe 

* flopjped ; but thty only condemned 

* me tor fix yedi4 to the galtfes $ I fub* 

* tnittcd to the ftntence, as thepunifh- 

* ment ofmy crime ; youth is on my fiie^ 

< Wef tfiapr be^ long, zXkd time' brings 

* every thing to bcarj if your vK>rfhjp, 



Ajtter jiU thc(e» c^m^mai^of 9 ^ooi * any tkmg tp b^ftow^ pray let iis hav^ 
i0i^ about tjiiity ycar» of age, wh<» * it, ind tlJpX'wd b€wyii,ypii»foryov 


fiaples fpjr.hii arm9| fi^^ureQ by a largfs 
TOdl6cj&, in iuch a falhioni as to hint 
der him frcun liftin|; up his hands tQ 
hii papu^hy and to diiable him from 
peni^Pg his head to \a% haiids.. poq 
Qi^ij^ote enquiring why that naap was 
inpr? . fettered than all the rfft 5. pne of 
t)i? ^vA anfwered* * Becaufe he is a 
f ^esiiter rogue than all the reft put to- 
^ gether, and £6 daring a villain^ thaf 

< ^th^ugb he is Ih^ickled in that man- 
' pert Nve are under fbme .apprebenfiou 
« that he will give us the flip/— • What 
' ^in^e'.has hf cpmmitt^d^^ faid die 
knjij^t» * that defcrm no greater gu, 

< niiKment than that of going to the 

* gidiie^ ?*— * He goes for ten years,' 
repjied the eua^'df * which is>a kiii4 of 

< Qvil death ; but you need not enquiry 

* a^y farther, when you know that this 

< hopeft gentlenoan i& the famous Ginet 
^ de Paiumonte» ali|is Gemfello de Par 

* rapnia.''— * Scftlyi Mr. CommifiHm* 
fai4 the flave» hearing thefe worasp 

* don^t tranfmography names and ^r«» 

* names in that manner. Qinea Is my 
f namc» . and not Qinefelloi and Paflkr 

* monte the title of my faAiily \ not 
«' Parapilla, is your worlhip (ays : let 
' every body tura at>out and (poV: at 
; home, and^ he ^will have, buiuaefs 
f epou£^.*— >f Speak with lefsiniblence^ 
f Mr* Thiel* aboVc fterling,'* replied the 
(ommittaiy, ' or elle | ijiaU make you 
^ . l)oI^ your peace with a veng^^ce/— r 
f It appears qy this ,o|^re0ion»* ahfwerr 
ed the g^leyrllave, < that God*s vnll 
f ' muft Ml . done \ but one ^y foinebody 
^ ihair know whetHeV| oir npt my W>f 
; 4s Cfjp^llo de;p^^iiia/r:W«\to^ 
y ypu called f(^. ypiu mng^vmlip^.r 
faid the' guard. ^ Xes, yea, I 'am to 

< called,' anfwered Gines : * but I will 



jfaitji Gines, *. if it i«i(efc for a^ mapy.i^ur 
•cats-'—* WWl Is it f^ entert^inr 
^' in^ V. faid Bop Qji^iiypte.'" < '^^^'i^f'V- 
fM^red ' Ginf s, < i|: is lb enterts^inusg* 

* that ifrpe be unto L?iz^il](o de Tpi:- 
' in(^, aj^d all who have ^Q^^'^ V tb^U 
,'* write in. that manner* rfi?i !• P^Mt 
'\aiGrm of jnine is,, that it im\^n^ 

* truths^ fndf lucHingfrnous fui i^- 

* ,Voiij7. tr«^ M sio iiaif^ wn wv^/ 

* r-* IS thii tWq^f jpvx 
« book?*.,fai4 the knight., 't^et-ifc 
/ of Gines do Pa^ajnont^f^* i:(;plied tiie 

er.," « I^ it ^nj(to)2*,i&id IJon^"" 

, the.authpr^ < when 1^ n^^tural me is 

* pot yet copcluclpl? I W 9^4y 
V written ipy whole ki^fujyjfroii^.iny 
« birth . til)* t^e laft time r^ja* '.&n% W 
.*.thci;^Uc8lW.'Vjpfl haV^'^ififPa theux 
.•'^cfqfe' nov^ then?' iaidVfh'e. knighi, 

* j^prtn^i^yicefif God| ap<( tl^e gpcyl 

* of my cp^^try, { have ^rea^y fenr^ 

* in them, during th< %<^ ^ f<Hir 
*. yemr5,..'an^ Vjw>v/ the dS^eronce *bt- 
^f ^ween!the^hi^<^V^t and thf? bullS piil^* 
apfwered the ^\^\ * and' ipy j^t^y to 
/. thena t)o»f rives pie 11^ gref^tp^in,, for 
'* ^jE^e J, fiiiM havf time to fxdih n^ 
*' hooky ^pd .ifit dowi^'a jbeat'infiivy 
f. thingi l^^ to](iy*, there belng^^nii^ 
< tinie fiUjDugh ia tlie j^Ues of .Spai»9 

* fpr thatpuqK>ie,;^«^ch 4fifi^ Wi rt- 
A <l?"fe.P|^)| JwfiMc, fts I' have ifyeqr 

* cir^up^/lfjpiB^ hy)^fV-,l^W &fwi 
;. to! ^ ajx fngttpio^s mfft' r* .*^*^ 
Quixot?, .«And.iyj^^nat«. afl^wr- 
^ea Ome^j f^J^. ;gfipiH%. is alwayaat* 


theiaiJIxl* * I nrnt m MrtmAu At>un ^ 

yoii, Mr.t;ommitraryi topfoceca fair 

* and (bftl}|r,' anfwend Paflunontes 

• piakethemcfaangt4|HKna«c^4»lMr'<--fy4\J^1iip«to(m not gmyo«that 

. « rod 


!J6W <JJprr3c(W« 


« cHT out treftttr^idhi a<i^6irdifi^ td His 

« aiji^ifrai 'tii rio ftiatt^rl TH^^ti We ' 
« iKB<idvcd' Jn the Lin, tnij oiifc AV be 

< r<ibbed 6vit iil warlhing. Mtrm*s the 

* ii^ord; Let ai lite ivtiiJc w«r ean, 
« i|xfal whito ^e m^y, flod ^fM^t 

< puHUe <ivrr fcrtrtiiey sfbi* tbik jolse bas 

* Slready la«W too Idfig.' 

*rttf comittiifei^ Hftit J u^ my rod. In 
ordtt lo^ive a propej" rcjly to the 
thrtiats ofPaflairtodtc; mit, Bon i^uix-' 
ote interpofiti|^, ^^^gS<^d he woahJ not 
ctiMCk him ; betaafi it ^ai not to be 
iiitoridc^ed at, if one whdfc timbs wcrt 
£6 fliackted, (hould take fuch fiberties 
^th bisrtongue: then ftddil^ng himfelf 
to the prisoners, ' From all that you 

* "6ave to!d me, deaf brethren,* faid he, 
' I dearly perceive, that afthbngfb you 

* ought to M chailifed fur ydUr crimes, 

* thti pTinllhnient vou ar« gdii^ to fuf- 

* fefy i» hot md6n to your FBcing; on 

* the contrary, yoa make this journey 

* vtrf niuch aganift ^our inclination ; 

* and perhaps, the puilthinimity of one 

* of you undar the torture, th)t nran^s 

* want of money, stnd that other^s 
« ftarcity of firiends, aWd lafft df all, 

< the partiality of the judge, ma^ have 

* been the cavfe of your perdition, in 
« depriving you of that jnftice your fe- 

* veral cafes intitled you to. Which 

* Confideradon now operated within me, 

* (u|gefting, perAiadingj^ and even com- 

* pcJIing me to ihew m vour behalf, 
^ the end and ahn for which Heaven 

< ftnt me into this world, and made me 
« ^rofefs the order of knTght-erramry, 

< by which I am bound by oath, to 

* t^iccQur the needy and i^prefled; but 

* hetzuih 1 know, that one nia3tim of 

< prudi^nce is, not to do that by foul 

* means which can be accompliflled by 

< fair, 1 be(eech Mr. Commiflury and 

* 'the guards to unchain and let you de- 

* part in peace. The king will not want 
^ people to (erve him on better occa- 

< nons) and I think it is very hard to 
<^enflave thoie whom God and. nature 

< have made free. Befides, gentlemen 

< foldiers, added the knight, thofe poor 

* l^eople have coMrnditted no offence 

* againlt you: and every body hath 

* fins to amwer for. There is a God 

< in heaven, who will take care to chaf- 
*'|iie the wicked aikd reward the ngh« 

* teouss and it is not feen;iy, that ho« 

nen ioKtt 'pttf\/ian oe QM> ARCfniDiNTT 
'Or inen' ftlnMO^* crtfattfresi bn aectfuMc 
of matters iivKH wbicH mf mi€ W 
concern 4 ThiV nVOcd^ I ^Ati^firtf fit as 
nififFcf Md ' peideable malfmet^ } . aiM If 
Vou grant ri^ requeft, wiR thMn jrbif 
hearnlys wticireas, if you refafe t& 
do quietly what 1 ddire, thl# Iflndtf 
ahd fword, with th^ v;ikmr of ihf Ui^' 
vitidble arrti, thall make* ybu i& it 
on compuHion.* 
* A fine joke, tnity (* teolM tHe 
commrflkryi ^ he haa brC^ght hi^ Ha** 
rangue to a very merry concluffon Jf 
deli?ing Us to fet at liberty i^ kii^a 
prifbners, as if we had authority to^ 
grant,' or be to demand, tSicit dif- 
charge. I wifli your worflno irdtivi 
go dbout your bttfinefa, and fef tUf 
rights that bstfon on your (Kulf^ ikHh^ 
out eoing itt t\iket df a cat with tftt^ 
ftet/— « You are a cat, sttrf i rtf, afaif 
a feoundrel to bootl^ tiplitS tfid 
knight, attackms; hiiti with fiicfi #Mi- 
derful dilbatch that he had not tinie to 
put himfelf in apoftute of diifeiiee, fd 
was thrown from his hori^, dangeftktfy 
wounded by a thmft of the^ Ca^*a 
lance. And it happened fuddly tlita^ 
thi^'was one of the two who Radfiit- 
locks. TK^ reft' of the giftott w£re at' 
firft aftonifhed and confounded' at tNis' 
unexfie^bed aflkult] but they foofl^ reed- 
]e6M themfelves, and the hofftfmen* 
drawing their fworda, tHiife Aoft ^n 
foot handle'd their javelins, ftt npOa 
Don Quixote in their turn, who withed^ 
for them with vaft co mp o fiu t y sA^d 
doubtfefs he would harvef^ httfd ifl, if 
the gddley-flaves, teeing a fait' ^afi6ii 
offered, of gaining theii^ Iibht)^, NjUf 
not ihade ihif t to obtain it, by breaking: 
the chain with Which they weite fttt^r- 
ed. Such was- the confufidn, that th^ 
guards, between their endeavour^ tb d^-' 
tain the flaves who Were unbound;* aftcf 
thefr efibitsr againft Don QuhcOke ^ho 
aflkuhed the^, could do oothfhgalt dff 
etfe£hiaK' Sancho, for his part/ affii^ 
ed in dii^ngaging Gines de FaibiffoAte. 
who behig the tirft that leaped ftee ana 
difencumbered on the plain,* attacl^ 
the wounded comntiHTaifv, and* rb^tt 
him of his fword arid mulket',' #?t]j 
which, pointing at one, and ifaSd^Ag* 
aim at anothek*, irtfithont tfiriU]^, h^^riri 
in a trice there was not one of thegjiaxds 
to bo ieen $ for they made dbe beft oS 
their way, not- only froaft^Fa({amfl>aV« 
iMottk^ biiititU»^tt»m thfr ibow^r.^ 


tt^ xdk of the iUvcs^. who had by this. «._o»t^m iita^ of, ui,. But Aroiif.^^qrQic* . 
time dUtngaged themrelvc^. . , -. * fl^i|^ inay.. ao^ h Is biit.|u^^ jipv, 

$«ncho was ^nfinitrljr grieved at. thit. * Jbfnii^i aiizaaji that iervice^jM tn-« 
cventyrepreientiogtohim&lfi.'l^attliofe. * 'bute] .^ntfeoc^fipr my I«a^yl>^uiii^» 
who fled would inftamlv give notice of. V f]el To^p, .jnjp^ certaixi^^uintjfr ^f , 
the ajfeir to the holy btotherhood, which*. ' Ave-xnaria's ai)d Credo^% yriiok yrp , 
upon the tolling of a. beU,. would im«. ' will (ay for yoiir profy^ty^ an4,tl^a » 
qiedifLtely.ially fortb ifi fearch of the. ^'iiadutywecanfulfilby nighXas wdl» 
delixiqueiits. This fuppofition he fug*, '-^as by day, in motion and at refl,, ^^ , 
gefted to bis mafter, whom he entreated « * in pea^e as well as in war ; but 6> » 
lo.daart fortfawitb^ and conceal him- *,Aippo(e tha^ we will i¥>w return to 
felf fomewhere in the aoghbouring < the fleih-pots of Egypt, I mean^ ^o, 
mountain. * That may be a very good * the carriage of our cnain» apd^ jl;ak^^ 
^ expedtentt* fatd the knight; '.but I. ^ the road to Tobofo, is toftipppre^h^t.^ 
^, know what is proper for me to do at« * it is jiow midnight, though It wanta 
^ jpiiefent.* He then called to the ilaves,» ' little more than two hours of noon ^l 
ymo were all in confufioiib and after* 'and, mdeed, to expe£l this conde*- 
^ley had. plundered and itdmped the> * CcenSjpin of u^, is likf expelling pear*.^ 
i^ommiflary to the ikin* they ailembled. ' from an elm.' . . .< ,\ 

(ounfi him in a circle in order to receive, * Then, by heavens !* faid DoiiQ^j^i- « 
lus commands, and he accoftedihem in. * ote in a rage* ' l^on Son of a Whorf, « 
this manner: < It is the duty of hbneft. ^ Don Gineiello.deParapilla, or what- » 
« mcD to be thankful for benefits re- ' foeveristhy hame^youfikallgoalon^ , 
^ ceived ; and one of the fins that gives * with. your ta^l between your'iegs^ 9pd - 

* thegreateft offence to God, is ingra- ' carry the whole chain upon your Own 

* tit|^, . This truth I obferye, gentle-, * fhomders/ PaiTamonte, who w<l^ none « 
\ men» becaufe you mull be i^nfibie,. by of the moft pafllve people in the world* « 

* naanifeit experience, of that> haying already fmoaked the. knight^'a , 

* have received from me; as an ackhow-< weak U^e^ fron^ the mad aflion.he bad • 

< le^gment for which, it is my will and . committed in givingthem their treedomy > 

< ,pleafunef» that you fet out immediate- and finding nimrelf treated by him iii 

< ly, loaded with that chain from which, this haughty manner, tipped the wipic . 

* I hav^ delivered your neck, and re- to his companions i who retiring with . 

* pairing to the city of Tobofo, tliere him, at a little dilUnce, began to mower ^ 

< prefent yourfelves before the lady forth fuch a number of ftones upon .their . 

* jDulcinea del Tobofo, and tell her that deliverer, that he could not contrive how » 

< herKnightofthe Rueful Countenance, to cover himfelf'with his fhield; and » 

* hath fent you to her, with his hearty . poor Rqzinante minded the fpur no more , 

* commendations. You ihall alfo punc-. than if he had been made of brafs. . $a|i- . 

< tually recount to her every ciccum- cho retired behind his afs, which ihet- . 

< ftance of this famous adventure, even tered him fH>m the florm of hail that « 
^ to the granting you that liberty you defcended on them both;, but his maf-* 

* fo ardently wiwed fors and this duty ter could not fcreen hirofelf lb well» as . 

* being pertormed, you maygo.a Qod^s to avoid an infinjitf number of pebble- . 

< name whitherfoever ye lifl.* fhot^ which took place upon different. 
To this command Gines de PalTa- parts of his body, fome of them with . 

monte, in the name of all the reft, an- fuch force, that he came tumbling to , 
fwered, ' What your worfliip com- the ground ; and no fooner was he 
9 niands^ moft worthy deliverer, is of fallen, than the ftudent fet upon him, . 

* all impoifibilities the moft impoflible and (hatching the bafon from his bead« 

< to fulnl. For we muft by ho means made a moft furious application of it to 

* travel in a body, but iingle and di-. the knighfs (boulders, and thendafhed 

< vided, and each by himfelf endeavour it upon the ground with fuch force, that 

* toabfcond within the bowels of the it went into a thoufand pipces. They 
<• earthy in order to avoid the holy bro- likewife ftripped him or a jacket * he 

^ It was the cufkom of knights to wear a coat of arms made of fome rich ftuiF fibred 
In a particular manner* The Duke of Brabant being called in a hurry to the battle of 
Agihcourt, took a tnunpeter*i banner, and making a hole through the middle^ put it 
over bit h«ad| and were U as his coat ef aims. : 




tirore nhorp his armour; and would 
even have taken his hole, had not his 
greaves been in the way : they plun- 
dered Sancho of his great coat, leaving' 
bim in his doublet and^hofe $ and di- 
viding the fpoils of the battle among 
them, each todc his own feparate route, 
more anxious to efcape the holy bro- 
therhood, which tbey dreaded, than to 
load themfelves with the chain ag^in, 
and go to prefent themfelves before the 
Lady Dulcinea del Tobofo. 

The afs and Rozinante, Sancho and 
Don Quixote, were the only perfons 
remaining on the field. Dapple, with 
his head hanging down in a penfive at- 
titude, and every now and tnen ihak- 
ing his ears, as if he ima^ned the hur- 
ricane of ftones that whizzed about 
them was not yet over; Rozinante ly- 
ing ftretched upon the ground, to which, 
Jike his mafter, he was humbled by a 
pebble: Sancho, in his doublet, ter- 
rified at the thoughts of the holy bro- 
therhood ; and Don Quixote exceffively 
out of humour, at feeing himfelf fo ill 
requited by thofe people whom he had 
ierved in fuch an eflential manner. 

C H A P. IX. 


DON Quixote, finding himfelf fo 
evil entreated, faid to his fquire, 
' I have always heard ic obferved, San- 

* cho, that benefits conferred on bafe- 

* minded people are tike drops of water 

* thrown into the fea. Had I taken thy 

* advice, I might have avoided this vex- 

* ation : but, now the affair fs over, 

* we muft have recourfe to patience, 

* and take wai*ning for the future.'— 

* Yes,* replied Sancho, • your worfhip 

* will take warning as fure as I am a 

* Turk 5 but, fince you allow, that if 

* you had taken my advice, you would 
' have avoided this misfortune, take 
' my advice now, and you avoid a 
' greater ftill! ' for I give you notice, 
' that all your errantry will (land you 
^ in little ttcad againft the holy bro- 

* therhood,' who don*t value all the 
' knights-erjaat in the umv«rii^ . three 

^ farthinffSi and, in faith, this minute, 

* methinks I hear their arrows buxzxng' 

* about my ears.'—* < Thou art natu* 

* rally a coward, Sancho,* fmid the 
knight ; * but that thou mayeft have no 
' rsafon to fay I am obftinate, and ne«» 

* ver follow thy counfel, for once thou 
' flialt prevail $ I will retreat from the 

* danger thou dreadeft fo much $ but 

* it (hall be on condition, that thoa 

* ihalt never, either in life or death» 

* hint to any perfon whatfoever, that I 

* retired and avoided this peril through 

* fear, but merely in compliance with 
' thy eameft requeft ; for to fay other- 
' wife would be to propagate- falfe- 
' hood $ and from this hour to that, and 

* from that hour to this, I gii^ thee 

* the lye, and affirm thou lie((, and wilt 

* lye as often as thou (halt fay or think 

* any fuch thing : make no reply, there* 

* fore I the very thought of my being 

* iiippofed to abfcond, or retreat froai 

* danger, elpecially from this, as it im-* 

< plies fome fort ot (hadow of fear, [n^ 

* fpires me with fuch courage, that 

* here am I alone, ready to remain and 

< expt^ not only the holy brotherhood, 

* which thou haft mentioned with fear 

* and trembling, but alfo the brothers 

* of the twelve tribes of Ifrael, thofe of 

* the feven Maccabees, with Caftor and 
' Pollux, and all the brethren and bro« 

* therhoods in the univerfe.'— • Sir,* 
replied Sancho, ' to retreat is not to 

* fly$ nor is it prudent to tarry when 

* the danger overbalances the hope uand 

* it is always the pra6lice of wife peo- 

* pie, to referve fomething for to-mor* 

* row, without venturing ail upon one 

* caft } and you muft know, that though 
' I be a ruftick and a clown, I have 
' all my life-time had a fmall (hare of 

< what is called good condu£^ ; where- 

< fore you need not repent of having 

* taken my advice, but mount Rozi- 

* nante, if you can, if not, I will lend 

* you my aflfiftance, and follow mej 
' for this noddle of mine tells me, that, 

* at prefent, we have more need of heels 

< than of hands.* 

Don Quixote accordingly mounted, 
without the leaft reply ; and Sancho lead- 
ing the way upon his afs, they took re- 
fuge in that part of the brown moun- 
tain which was neareft, the fquire in- 
tending to go quite acrofs to Vifo or 
Almodavar del Campo, after they (hould 
have lurked for fome days araongft the 
rocks, that tbey might not be found, 

Q^ in 

120 DON C^TiXOTE, 

in cafe the holy brotheihood ihould Don Qj£isote« waked hy the n'oiie,heatni 
comeinfearchottheni s hewasencou- him exclaiming in this manner: < O 
nged to this refelutiony hy ieeingt that ' ion of my bowels I born in my houle, 
in tiK fcuffle with the gallcv-ltaves, * the play -fellow of my ebildren, the 
the provifiont his afs carried had efcaped ^ delight of my fyouCt^ the envy of my 
ontOttched* $ a circwmftance that, in hit * neigikbours* and comforter of my 
opinion, amounted to a miracle, con- * cares ! in (hort, the half of my fufte- 
fidering what the thieves had taken, and * nance : for with fix and twen^ ma* 
how narrowly they had Searched. * ravedis, which thou haft daily earned^ 
. That evening they arrived in the very * did I defray one half of my family- 
heut of the Sierra Morena f , where * expence I^ Don Quixote h^irii^ this 
Sancho propofed to fpend the nighty complaint, and being informed of die 
and even to pafs a few days, at leaft to cauie, confoltd 8ancho with all the 
ftay as long as their ftore &ould iaft : arguments in his power; and^ b^ging 
accordingly they took up their lodging him to have patience, promifed to give 
between two rocks in the midft of » him a bill of exchange, on fight of 
great number of cork-trees { but fate, which, he (hould receive three a^ out 
which, according to the opinion of of five, which the knight had left at 
thoie who do not enjoy the light of the home. Sancho being comforted with 
true fahh, guides,. conduAs, and dif- this declaration, dried up bis tears, mo- 
Boics all things after it's own way, or- derated his iighs, and returned a thou- 
dained that Gines de Paflamoote, that fand thanks to Don Quixote for hisge- 
fiattiousrobber and cheat, who had been neroiity. As they fauntered among the 
ddtvered from tlie^ chain by the valour rocks, the knight^s heart was rejoiced 
and madneiii of Don Qj^xotej I iW, to fee places fo well -adapted to thoie 
foe ordained that he, impelled by the adventures he was in queft of j for they 
fear of the holy brotherhood, which he recalled to his remembrance thofe wota* 
did not dread without good reafon, hap- derful events which had happened to 
pcned Ukewiie to take refuge in thofe . knights-errant among fuch rocks and 
nounHuns | and even to be carried by folitudes : he went^n, mviiqg on theie 
this fear to the fame place whither tlie fubjefls, anci indeed fo wrapped up and 
(suae principle had directed Don Q^ix- engroiled by them^ that he minded no* 
ote and Sancho IPanxa, jult time enough thix^ elfe | while Sancho's only care. 
So know who they were, notvinthiUnd- now that he thought he travelled in iaie* 
iflg their being gone to ileep. As the ty, was to fatisfy his appetite with what 
wicked are always ungrateful, and ne- remained of the fpoils of the dei^ j 
ceflity puts them to their ihifts, and the he therefore jogged on leifurely after his 
preient convenience overcomes the pto- mafter, fitting fide-ways on his afs {, 
^peA of future quiet } Gines, who was and repleniihing his own bags out of 
neither grateful nor good-natured, re- that which contained the provifion; and 
Iblved to ileal Sancho's afs, under- while he was thus employed, would 
valuing Rozinante, as a (uhjefl that he not have given a farthing for the beii 
could neitho' pawn nor fell : accord- adventure that could happen. 
*tngly, while the fquire was aileep, he Chancing, however, to lift up hit 
ftole Dapple; and, before morning, was eyes, he perceived his mafter had iiop- 
gone far enough to elude all puriuit. ped, and was endeavouring,, with the 
' The appearance of Aurora, that re- point of bis lance, to raife foroe bundle 
|oices the earth, had a quite contrary that lay upon the ground ; he therefore 
eifeft upon Sancho Panza$ who, miiT- ha(iened up to him, in order to lend bia 
ing his Dapple, and fearching for him aiHilance, (hould it be found neceffary j 
in vain, began to utter the moft woeful ancT arrived juft as the knight had turn- 
lamentation that ever was heard ; and ed up with his lance, a pillion with a 

* This is an overfight of the author, who feems to hs^ve forgot th«t Sancho loft hU 
wallet at the inn, and was robbed by the galley -flaves of the great coat or cloak, la 
which he carried the remains of that provifion heliad taken from thofe who attended the 

dead body towards Segovia. ^ 

f A chain of diUky monntains that divide Caftile from Andalofia. 

1. Here Cervantes hath been caught napping by the criticksi whoobierve, that Saocbo 
Could not be monntad on the aft, which wcs but j«ft now itolen by Gines 4s PafliuBOAte. 

^ port. 

"LB^I^r ^■r^i'^l^ ■™J Cf UiyiS.^Mf , 



portmanteaiu fixed to it^ aU rotted and, 
donfumed by the weather $ but Co heavy^ 
that Sancho waa obliged to alight, in 
order to take them up. HU malbr hav- 
hig ordered him to examine the contents 
ofthe portmanteau, he obeyed with ^reat 
alacrity, and though it was ihut with a^ 
chain and padlock, there were Co many 
boles in it, that he foon reached the in- 
fide, where he found four (hirts of fine 
Holland, with other provifion of linen« 
equally fofhionable and clean, togethec 
with a pretty large heap of crowns of 
gold» wrapped up in a ragj which he no 
looner perceived, than he cried in a rap* 
ture, * BleiTed be Heaven for granting 

* us one advantageous adventure !* then 
continuing his fearch, he 'found a. 

Socket -book richly garniihed, which 
on Quixote deiired to have, bidding 
him keep the money for his 'own ufe. 
Sancho Kiflfed his hand for the favour, 
and taking the linen out of the port- 
nianteau, crammed it into the bag that 
Held their provifion. 

The knight having confidered the 
whole affair, ' Sancho,^ faid he, * I am 

* of opinion, and I cannot poflibly b^ 
^ miftaken, that (bme bewildered tra-r 

* weller, in his palfage over thefe moun- 

< tains, has been fet upon by robbers, 
\ who having ilain him, muft have 

* dragged his body to be buried in this 

* unfrequented place/ — ' That cannot 

* be the cafe,* anfwered the fquire | * for 

* if they had been robbers, they would 

* not have left the money behind them.* 
^^* Thou art in the right," faid Don 
Quixote ; < and I cannot guefs nor con- 

* ceive what the matter can have been. 

* Let us fee .if there be any thing writ- 
' ten in this pocket-book, by which we 

< niay trace out and come to the cer* 

* tainty of what we want to know." He 
opened it accordingly, and the firft 
thing he found was the rough draught, 
though very leo^ible, 'of a i'ounet, which 
he read aloud ror the benefit of Sancho, 
in thefe words. 


LOVE either cruel is or blind; 
Or ftill une/^ual to the caufe. 
Is this dlftemper of the mind. 
That with infernal torture gnaws* 


But Love*s a god, and cruelty 

In heavenly breads can never dwells 

Th^n fyy by what authority,. 
i*ra doojLi*d to feel the painsL of hell ? 


Of all my fuflFerings and my woe, 
■ Is ChLoe thpn the fatal fouroe ? 
Sure ill from good can never flow. 
Nor fo much beauty gild a curfe, 


With hopclefs mifcry weigVd down, 
KH fcek for quiet in the grave; 

For when the malady's unknown, • 
A miracle ahone can lave. 

* From fuch rhyme,' faid Sancho^ 

< there is no information to be got* uft« 
' lefs by that Clue we coujd come to 

* the bottom of the affair * .'-:-* What 

* clue doft thou mean r (aid the km^bt« 

* The Clue your worfliip mentioned juft 

* now in the fonnet," anfwered th« 
fquire. ' I naentioned no clue,* replied 
Don Quixote, * but Chloe> which is 
^ without doi4>t the name of the lady 

* of whom the author of thefe verfea 

* complains $ and really he muft have 

< been a very ingenious poet, or elfe I 
« know very little of the art.'—* Tlfen 
' your worfhip under ftands crambo?* 
faid the fquire. * Better than you ima- 

* gine/ anfwered the knight, * ajs yoH 

* will fee when you carry from me a 

* letter to my miftrefs 0ulcinea del To* 

* bofo, written in verfe from top t^ 

* bottom ; for thou muft know, .San- 

* cho, that all, or the greateft part of 

* the knights -errant who lived in for- 

* mer ages, were very much addi6led to 

* poetry and mufick j thefe two quali- 

* ties, or rather gifts of nature, being 

* annexed to all errants in love} though 

* the truth is, their couplets were ra- 

* ther fprightlythan elegant.' — * I wifli 

* your worfhip would read on,' fai4 
Sancho j ' perhaps you may find ibme^ 

* thing more to our fatisfafkion.' Ac- 
cordingly the knight having turned over 
the leaf, • Here is profe,' laid hej • and 

* feems to be a letter.' Sancho aiking 
if it was upon bufinefs, his mafter re- 
plied, * lia the beginning there was no- 

* As it is impollible to prcferve the original blunders of Sancho, who miftakes Fili or 
PhiUis, for Hilo, that iignifies a thread, ^t are obliged to fubftitute another, by chang- 
ing Phiilis into CMoe, which Sancho, in Bngliih, might have as naturally miftiken for 
a clue J and by this expedient the feufe of the pafiage is not hurt, and but very little al- 

Q^ < thtn^ 



« thing but love.'—* Prajr, Sir,* cried 
Sancho, * read it alood ; for I a/n high- 

< ly delighted with matters of love.'— 

* With all my heart/ anfwered Don 
Quixote^ who raiting his voice, in com- 
pliance with the fquire*8 fcqueft, read 
vrhat follows. 

* Thy falfe promifes, together with 
' the certainty of my misfortune, liave 

* exiled me to a corner of the world, 

* from whence thou wilt hear an ac- 

< count of my death, before this my 

* complaint mall reach thine ears. 

* Thou hail caft me off, ungrateful as 

* thou art, in favour of one, who, 

* though he is richer, is not a more de- 

* ferving lover than me : for if virtue 
'were the wealth that is moil cfteenied, 

< I (hould have no caufe to envy the hap- 

* pinefs of others, or to bewail my own 

* mifliap.' What thy beauty had railed^ 

* thy behaviour has overthrown: by 
' the firft I miftook thee for an angel ; 

* by the laft I difcovered thee to be a 

* woman. Mayeft thou live in peace, 
' fair authorefs of my misfortunes; 

* and Heaven grant that the deceit of 

< thy hufband may never be difclofed, 

* that thou mayeft never repent of what 

* thou haft done, nor I enjoy the re« 

* venge I do not defire.' 

Don Quixote having read this letter, 
obferved tEat nothing elle could be in- 
ferred either from it, or the verfes, but 
that the author was fome defpairing 
lover. Then peruHng the reft of the 
book, he found more verfes and letters, 
fome legible, and others not intelligible $ 
but the fubftance of them all was com- 
pofed of complaints, lamentations, fuf- 
picions, defires, difgufts, favours, and 
difdain, fome of which were extolled, 
and others deplored. While Don Quix- 
ote examined the book, Sancho rum- 
maged the portmanteau, without leaving 
at corner in that or the pillion which he 
did not fearch, pry into, and overhaul ; 
no feam was left unripped, no lock of 
Vfool unpicked, that nothing might be 
loft through negligence and want of 
care ; fo much was his cupidity awaken- 
ed, by finding the money, which a- 
mounted to more than a hundred 
crowns } and though he reaped no other 
fruit from his induftry, he thought him- 
felf abundantly requited for his capers 
in the blanket, his vomit of the bal- 
fam, the becedi^ion of the pack ftaves. 

the fifty. cuffs of the carrier, the lofs of 
his bags, the robbery of his great coat, 
with all the hunger, thirft, and fatigue 
he had undergone in the (ervice of his 
worthy mafter, who had made htm 
more than amends, by his generous pre- 
fent of this windfall. 

The knight of the rueful counte- 
nance was impatient to know the owner 
of the poitmanteau ; conjefluring by 
the fonnet, the letter, the gold, and the 
fine linen, that he muft be fome lover of 
quality, whom the difdain and barbarity 
of his miftrefs had driven to fome defpe- 
rate end : but, as in that uninhabited 
and rocky place, there was nobody who 
could give him the information He want- 
ed, he rcfolved to penetrate ftill farther 
into the mountain, without taking any 
other road rhan what Kozinante fliould 
chufe for his own conveniency, ftill con- 
fident of meeting with fome ftrange ad- 
venture among thefe briars and brambles. 
As he went on, entertaining bimfelf 
with thefe reflections, he perceived upon 
the top of a hill right before him. a man 
fkipping from bufh to buih, and rock 
to rock, with wonderful agility j his 
body Teemed, naked, his bearablack and 
budiy, his hair long and matted, his feet 
unfhod, his legs bare, and his thighs 
covered with breeches, which to all ap- 
. pearance were of crimfon, but fo rag- 
ged, that his (kin appeared through ma-' 
ny different holes, while his head was 
without any fort of covering. Not- 
withftanding the niroblenefs with which 
he paffed, all thefe minute circumftances 
were feen and remarked by the* knight 
of the rueful countenance, who in vain 
attempted to follow him ; thofe rough 
roads being quite unpaflable by the 
feeble Rozinante, who was naturally 
phiegmatick and tender-footed. How- 
ever, Don Quixote concluded that this 
muft be the owner of the pillion and 
portmanteau, and determined within 
Iiimfelf to find him out, although he 
fhould travel a whole year through the 
mountains for that very purpofe. With 
this view he ordered Sancho to alight, 
and take a fhort cut over one part of 
the mountain, while he fhould go round 
the other ; and by this expedient they 
might come up with the man who had 
fo I'uddenly vai\ifhed from their fight. 
< That propofal I can by no meant 

* comply with,* anfwered the fquirej 
' for if I ftir but an inch from vour 

* worfhip, fear inllaiuly lays hold on 

* me, 




«iid alTauIts me in a thoufand 
honrid fhapes and vifions ; and iet this 
ferve to s^pprize you, that hencefor- 
ward, I will not budge a £nger'9 
breadth from your preSncc.'— ' Be 
it fo/ faid he of the rueful counte- 
nance J * and I' am very glad that thou 
can ft avaij thyfcif of my courage, 

]e&f they heard a Ihepherd^s whiftle. 
and prefently on the left appeared a goo4 
number of goats, and behmd them, on 
the top of the mountain, thfey defcried 
the goatherd, who ieemed to be a man 
in years. Don Qu^ixote calling aloud^ 
entreated him to come down j and he^ 
in the fame tone, aflced what bad brought 

which fhall never faif thee, even if them to that place, which was'feldom 

thy foul fliould fail thy body 5 fol 
low me, therefore, ftep bj ftep, or at 
thy own leifure; and ofe thine eyes 
like two fpy-glaflesj we will take 
a compafs round this little mountain, 
and perhaps we may meet again with 
that man, who is certainly no other 
than the owner of what we found/ 
To this obfervation, Sancho replied, 
Methinks we may fave ourlblves that 
trouble; for if, upon finding him, 
he ihould prove to be the own'er of 
die money, I muft of courfe make 
reftitution j therefore we had better 
fpare all this fruitlefs fearch, and 
keep it bonaJiJey untB the true owner 
appear of bimfelf, without all this 
intricate enquiry : and before that 
happens, perhaps! ihall have fpent 
the whole, and then I flialT be dif- 
charged by law.'—* In that notion 
thou art miftaken, Sancho,' refumed 
the knight; * for as we have already 
good grounds to believe he is the 
owner, it is our duty to find him 
out and reftoie what we have taken | 
and though we ihould not find him, 
the ftrong reafon we have to believe 
that it belongs to him Will make us 
equally guilty in detaining it, as we 
(hould be it it really did. Where- 
fore, friend Sancho, do not give thy- 
felf any uneafinefs about the enquiry 5 
becaufe if we find him, I /hall be 
freed from a great deal of anxiety.' 
$0 faying, he put fpurs to Rozinante, 
and Sancho followed him in his ufual 
manner. Having furrounded part of 
the mountain, they found in a brook 
that watered the foot of it, a dead mule 
faddled and bridled, and half confumed 
by the dogs and crows; .another cir- 
cumftance which confirmed them in the 
opinion, that he who fled from them 
was mafter both pf the mule and port- 

While they were looking at this ob- 

trodden, except by the feet of goats, 
wolves, and other wild beafts that bar- " 
boured thereabouts ? Sancho bade him 
come down, and they would tell him 
what had brought them thither j upon 
which the goatherd defcended, and com- 
ing up to Don Quixote, * I'll wager,* 
faid he, * that you are looking at the 
^ hireling mule, which lies dead in that 
' bottom, where in good footh it hath 

* 'lain full fix months. Pray, have you 

* met with it's mader ?'— « We have 

* met Vith nothing,' anfwered the 
knight, * but a pillion and portman- 

* teau, which we found not far from 

* hence.'—* I have often feen the fame 

* things,' replied the goatherd, * but 

* would never touch nor go near them, 

* being afraid of fome misfortune, or 

* of being queftioned for theft; for the 

* devil is very cunning, and raifes 

* blocks under our feet, over whish we 

* ilumble, and very often fall, without 

* knowing how or wherefore.' — * That 

* is the very thing I fay,' anfwered San- 
cho, * though I faw them alfo, I would 

* not go within a Itone's throw of themj 

* there I left them, and there they re- 

* main as they were ; for I don't cbufe 

* to fteal a dog with a collar about his 
« neck*.'—* Pr'ythee, honea friend,' 
faid Quixote, * doft thou know who the 

* owner of thefe things is ?' — ' All ihajt 

* I can fay of the matter,' anfwered 
the goatherd, * is, that it may be about 

* fix months, more or lefs, fmce there 

* came to our hut, which is about three 

* leagues from hence, a very genteel 

* young man of a comely appearance, 

* riding upon that very mule that now 

* lies dead, wiih the fame pillion and 

* portmanteau which you fay you found. 

* He alked what part of the mountain 

* was the mod woody and concealed^ 

* and we told him, that it was this very 

* foot where we now are; and it is fo, 

* for if you go half a league farther 

* Methinks it is Inconfiftent with the charader of the knight, "to allow Sancho toteil 
fiich a fraudulent untruth in his hearing; nor is Pansa's behaviour on this occafion much 
for the honour of his £mplicity« 

:.■'* into 



into the moontakif y«v willy.p[^h4^ 
find it a very difficult matter to rctwrn; 
and I marvel much how you have got 
fo far, for there is neither hJgU-roa4 
nor by* path that leads to this pla^, 
But» ^s I was faying, the young man 
bearing our reply, turned his mule^ 
and rode towards the place to whicn 
we ha4 direded him, leaving us all 
very much pleafed with his appear* 
ance, though not a little Airprized at 
his queftiojiy and the (p^ with which 
we law him ride back into the hear; 
of the mountain : from that time we 
faw no more of him, till a few days 
after, when he fprung upon one of our 
(hepherds on the roa4 i and, without 
laying why or wherefore, heat . and 
bruifed him unmercifully^ after whkh 
he went to the Airopter-afs, and carryt 
ing off all the bread and cheefe that 
was on his back, with furpiz^g mm<» 
blenefs, ran back again to the thicket. 
As foon as we unuerftood this parti 7 
cular> feveral of us goattherds wc;^^ in 
fearch of him, through the moil wild 
and unfrequented part of. the mounr 
tain, for the fpace of two days, at the 
end of which' we found him lying in 
the hollow of a large gork-trcf. He 
came out to us in a very civU manr 
ner, with his cloatbs all torut and liis 
face fo tanned and disfigured by the 
fun, that we ihould fcarce have known 
him, had not his cloaths, tattered as 
they were, which we had before taken 
particular notice of, aifured us that he 
was the perfon we went in fearch o€. 
He faluted us very courteoufly, and in 
a few words, though very well cha- 
fen, bade us not wonder at feeing him 
in that condition; for he was obliged 
in that manner to do penance, which 
bad been enjoined him, on account 
of his manifold fins and tranfgref- 
fions. We earneiUy begged to kn6w 
who he was, but that he never could 
be prevailed upon to tell t we defued 
him alfo, whenever he fhould have oc- 
calion for food, without which he 
could not live, to tell us where we 
fhould find. him, and we would bring 
it to him with great care and afFe^ion; 
or if that was not to his liking, we 
defired him to a(k it civilly, without 
tiking it by force. He thanked us 
kindly for our tenders of fcrvice, beg- 
ged pardon for the afTaults he had 
committed, and promifed for the fu- 
ture, to alk it for God's fake, without 

' giving; offeifft tp vy fTftn. v1ijUl{i»<i 
' ever. Witb ic^d, ^9 the ykce of 
' his habitation^ he Ciid, he ha4 nq 

* other tl^an ths^ wh^h. chance prefe^tt 

< ed every night when it sew dack; 
' and concluded hi^ difcouru; with iWh 

* piteous lamentation, that our hearts 
' muft have been made of flint, if wc 
' could have heard it without fkedding 
' toara, coniidef ing the woeful change hi 

* had luit^ergpne fince we faw him at firft t 

* fQra&Ihavealreadyolirei-ved»hewa^9 
' genteel,comelyyouth,andbylvscourn 
^ teous and polite difcourfe, (hewed himt 
' felf to be a perfon of good birth and 
' excellent breeding^ and tho^gh we wbQ 

< heard hin\ were only home- bred.counT 
' try people, the gentility of hia ca«- 
' riage was eafily perceived by ©ur 

* clownish ignorance. In the mid(^ of 

* this converiation that pafled Mw9e« 

* him and us, he grew filent all of a 

< fudden* and nailed, as it were, hi| 

< eyes to the ground, for a confiderable 

* fpace of time, during which we rcr 
^ fufpence and no finall conr 

* ccm, to fee the effe6l of this fhipcfacr 

* tionj for by his liar ing ^t the graimd 

* for a good' Yrhlle, without moving 019 

* eye-lids, then (liutting them clofe and 

* biting his lips, and tnen drawing up 
f the ikin of^ his forehead, we could 

* cafily perceive that he was feized with 
' fome fit of madnefs ^ and he foon con? 
' firmed the truth of our opinion ; for 

* he fprung up with furpiizing forcf 
' from the ground on which be ha4 

* thrown himfelf, and attacked the 
' perfon who was next to him with 

* iuch rage and refolurion, that if we 

* had not taken him off, he would have 

* beaten and bit him to death ; crying 
' alond all the time, ** H^, treacheious 
" Fernando I Now (halt thou pay for 
** the injuiy thou hafl done me. Theic 
" hands fhall tear out thy heart, in 
*' which all kinds of wickednefs, par- 
** ticularly fraud and deceit, are nar- 
" boured and dwell!" To thtfe be 
' added other expieiTions, tending to re- 

< proach thiit Fernando with treachery 
' and bafenefs. When we had got our 
' friend out of his clutches, with no 

* fmall trouble, he went «oflf without 
' fpeaking another word, and ran s^t 
f full fp^ among theii; ihrubs and 

* brambles, fo as that it was impoflible 

* for us to follow him. From thefe 
' things we conje6lured that his mad- 

* nef^ came upon him by iita, and that 

•' fome 



« fome peribm pf tlie name of Fcrnan- 

< cSo inuft have dbwe him fome deadly 

< wrong, ^hich hath driven him to 

< diih^^tion. Indeed, this cbnjed^ure 
' has been fince confirmed by his dif!e* 
' rent behaviour on diverTe occafions, 

* when he hath met with our ihepherds,^ 
' from whom he hath fometimes beg-" 

* ged part of their provifion, and at 

< other times hath taken it by force ; 

< for when the fit of lunacy is upon 

* him, though they offer it of their own 

* free-will, he will not accept of it 

* peaceably, without coming to blows $ 
^ out when he is in his right fenfes, he 

* begs it for God^s fake, in a very 

* courteous and civil manner, and re- 
' turns many thanks for the favour, ac- 

* companied with abundance of tears. 

* And truly, gentlemen, added the goat- 

* herd, I and four more country lads, 
^ two of them my own fervants, and 

< the other two friends of mine, yefter- 

* day refolved to go in fearch of him, 
' and after bavins found him, to carry 

* him, either by force or fair means, to 
^ the city of Almodavar, which is about 

* eight leagues from hence, and there 

< have nim cured, if he be curable ; or 

* learn of him, when he is in his 

* fenles, who he is, or whether or not 
' he has any relations to whom we may 

* give an account of his misfortune. 

* This, gentlemen, is all I can fay, in 
^ anfwer to the queftions you ad^edj 
^ aiid you may take it for granted, that 

* the owner of the goods yon found, is 

* the very fame peribn whom you faw 

* ikip about half-naked, with fuch agi- 

* Iky:^ for Don Quixote had faid that 
they had feen a man in that condition, 
leaping from rock to rock. 

The knieht was very much furprized 
at this information of the ^atherd, 
which making him ftill more impatient 
io know who this unfortunate lunatick 
was, he determined with himfelf to put 
his, former deHgn in execution, and 
go in quefl of him, through the whole 
jBountain, without leaving a cavd or 
corner unlearched until he Ihould find 
))im. But accident was more his friend 
on this oGCafion than he could either 
imagine or expeft j for at that inftanl, 
the young man of himfelf appeared 
{b the cteft of a rock hard by the 
place where they ftood i and came to^ 
wards them, muttering fomething to 
himfelf, which they could not have un- 
dc^itQod, had be been near^ much lefs 

as he was at fome diilance from them* 
His equipage was juft as it has beea 
defcribed i but, as he approached, Doa 
Quixote perceived that his buff doublet^ 
though torn to raes, ftill retained the 
perfume: from whence he concluded^ 
that the perfon who wore fuch drefs^ 
could not be a man of the lovvejl rank. 
When he came up, he Piloted them very 
politely, though with a hoarfe, mifluned 
voice I and the falutation was returned 
with no lefs courtefy by Don Quixote^ 
who alighting from Rozinante, with 
genteel and graceful deportment, went '■ 
and embraced the fVrangei', whom be 
(drained within his arms a good while, 
as if he had been a very old acquain* 
tance. The other, who might have beem 
called the tatterdemalion of the diftrac* 
ted, as Don Quixote was ftiled the 
knight of the rueful countenance, after 
having fubmitted to this embrace, ftep«* 
ped back, and laying his hands on the 
(boulders of the knight, ftood looking^ 
attentively in his face, in order to re- 
collet him} no lefs aftonifhed, perhaps » 
at the figure, mien, and armour of Don 
Quixote, than this laft was furprized 
at his forlorn appearance. At length, 
the firfl who broke filence after the era- 
brace was the gagged youth, who fpoke 
what you may read in the following 



THE hiftory relates, that Don 
Quixote liflened with vaft atteu-* 
tion to tGe (habby knight of the moun* 
tain, who began the converfation thus s 

* Afluredly, Signior, though I have not 

* the honour 'to know who you are, 

* I thank you heartily for thofe exr 

* prefiions of kindnefs with which you 
< treat me ; and wiih I were in fuch a 

* fltuation as would enable me to repay 

* this courteuus reception with fbmething 

* more than mere gpod-will : but my 
' haplefs fortune a^rds me nothine to 

* offer io return for the civilities that 
« are (Jiewn me, except a hearty indi- 

* nation to make a more adequate fatis- 
« faaion/— « My will an<i defire,' an- 
fwered D«i Quixote, * to ftrvc you is 

* fo (brong, that I was determined not 

♦ to 



' to quit thefe .mountains until I bad 

* found you, and learned of yourfelf 

* whether or not the grief you manifeft 

* in this ftrangc courfe of life, could be 

* alleviated by ahy kind of remedy, for 

* which, had need required, I would 

* have fearched with all po(nble dili* 

* gence ; and had your misfortune been 

* fuch as (but up all the avenues to ad- 

* vice and redrcfs, I was refolved to 
' join your lamentations, and beipoan 

* your mifery to the utrooft of my pow- 

* er ; for, in all misfortunes, the great- 

* eftconfolation is a f^mpathizing fiiend) 

* and if this my friendly intention de- 

* ferves thr Icaft return of civility, I 

* entreat you, Signior, by that courtefy 

* which I fee you fo eminently poffefs, 

* and moreover conjure you by that 

* object, which of all others in this life 
' you have moft loved, or are moil in 

* l<^ve with, to tell roe who you are, 

* and inform mc of the caufe that 
' brings you to live and die in this foli- 
« tude, like the brute bcafts among^ 

* which you dwell, fo different from 

* that rank and fituation to which your 
^ appearance and perfon declare you are 

* intitled. And I fwear by the order 

* of chivalry which I have received, un- 
« worthy (inner that I am f and by the 
« profeffion of a knight-errant, that if 
« you comply with thii my requeft, I will 

* fi^rve you with that earneftnefs which 

* my duty obliges me to exprefs \ either 

* in remedying your mifhap, if it ad- 

* mits of rtmedy, or in condoling with 

* you, as I have already prom i fed." 
The knight of the wood, hearing him 
of the rueful countenance talk in this 
manner, could do nothing for fdme 
time but gaze, and ftaie, and furvey 
him from head to foot; at length, 
having examined him thoroughly, he 
faid, * If you have got any food, for 

* God's fake fpare me a little 5 and af- 

* ter I Ihall have eaten it, I will do as 

* you defire, in return for the civility 

* you now Ihew me.' 

Sancho immediately pulled from his 
'bag, and the goathtrd from his fcrip, 
fome. victuals to appeafe the hunger of 
the tatterdemalion, who fwallowed what 
they gave him like a frantick perfon, 
with luch hurry, that he left not thie 
interval of an inltant between one mouth- 
ful and another, but feemed to devour 
rather than eat, without either fpeakliijg 
or being fpoke to by the fpe^Vators. His 
repaft being ended, he beckoned then^ 

to follow, and condts£(ed them to a 
verdant foot of graft, at the turning of 
a rock, a little way from the place where 
they were ; and fitting down on the 
green turf, they followed his example \ 
not a Word bein^ fpoke all the time, un- 
til the ra^ed knignt, after having ad* 
jufted himfelf in his feat, began in this 
manner. < If you dcfire, gentlemen, 
' that I fhould, in a few words, inform 

* you of 'the immenHty of my misfor- 

* tunes, you muft give me yourpro- 

* mife that you will not by any quef- 

* tion, or otherwife, interrupt the thread 

* of my doleful ftory ; forit you fhould, 

* that inftant I will break off the nar- 
'ration.' This warning recalled to the 
knight's memory the ftory recounted by 
his fquire, which ftill remained unfi- 
niflied, becaufe he had not kept an ex- 
aA account of the goats, as they paifed 
the river. But, to return to the tattered 
knight : ' I give you this precaution,* 
added he, * becaufe I would briefly pafs 

* over the detail of nfy misfortunes, 
« the remembrance of which brings 
' frefh addition to my woe \ and £e 

* fewer quellions you afk, the fooner 
' fhall I have finifhed the relation ; al- 

* though, in order to fatisfy your cu- 

* riofity to the full, I will not fail to 

* mention every material circumftance.' 
Don Quixote promifed, in behalf of 
himfelf and the company, to avoid all 
manner of interruption, and the flranger 
thus aflured, began in thefe words— 

' My name is Cardenio, the place of 

* my nativity one of the befl cities in 

* this province of Andalufia, my family 

* noble, my parents rich, and my mis- 
' fortunes fo great, that no doubt they 

* have been lamented by them, and even 

* felt through my whole kindred, though 
' all their wealth would not alleviate 

* my woe j for the goods of fortujie are 
' but of little fervice again ft tbofe ills 

* infliflcd by the hand of Heaven. In 
' the fame country lived, fhall I call her, 
< a paradife, which love had adorned 
' with all the chatms I could defire to 
^ pofFefs ; fuch was the beauty of Lll- 
' cinda, a young lady as well- bora 

* and rich as I, though more fortunate 

* and endowed with lefs conftancy thaa 

* what was (!|ue to my honourable jn- 

* tentions. This Lucinda did I admii^ 

* love, and adore, even from my moft 
' tender years; and fhe made me all the 
' rtorns of love and inclination that I 

* Could expedl from her infaat age. 

i> dM An lincu,t>r Himfoa t:C?Jiiiii8.i7S>. 



"* lOuf tna^nfs'MiereiMit igno>i«Rt of our 

* fnliftial alRAion, whith gaVe them lio 
•'* n&enet, httnviU they forefaw thirt if 

* it (hottki incveafe wifh our year^, it 

* tould ha^evfp^ther tfltie than ma^- 
^ Hage 5 Hn timon which fife eqtiali^y 
** of <nif age and fottunis foMil^d to peint 
^ out. Meatin^ile, our fraAoii giioin^ing 
« up iaM ouir age, Imtinda's father 
-< t)iought himielf obKg^d to forbid me 

* hit hoilfe'$ imitating, in that {larticu- 

* hir, the parents of Thifbe, whom tUe 
« poets hav<c^ebrated fb much. Thts 

* prohibitibn sodded fitime to flame, and 
^ wilti to vrifli) for though our tbtigues 
'* were itftriined, they could not fiience 

* o«r p<»nS) which commortiy ^xpi-efs 
*« the /entimfeftts of the heart with more 
•< liberty, becauie the pretence of the 
-* belovtfd objeA often confounds the 
*< tBoft determrned intention, and puts 
** to fiJence the moii undatmted tongue. 

< Good Heolvenl what letters did I 

* Writbl what ehafte endearing anfvvers 
"* did I receive! what fongs did I com- 

* pofe, infpired by love that difplayed 
^ the (bul unmaikedy inflamed each fof t 
'< defif^i regaled the fancy, and indulg- 
^ ed ^ wiih ! in fine, my p^ence beirig 

* exbaufted, and my heak-t almofl con- 
^ liamed wrththe defire of feeing her, I 

< reloived to ex^ute the fcheine which 
^ f^med moil favourable for my love 
^ and preteolions} and this I put in 

* pra£^ice, by demsndtng- her in mar* 

< riage of her father, who thanked rne 
^ for the honour I intended him, by this 
'* propofal of marrying into his family; 
^ but faid, as my own father was alive, 

< it was properly his btiitnefs to make 

< the detoiadd^ for, unlefs his confeht 
•* «Ad inclination "wcie obtained, Lucin- 
■^ da wtfs not a perfon either to be given 

* or taken in marriage by ite^lth. I 

* thanked him, in my turn, forhis po- 
■* lite^eft; and thinking there was ajT^^t 
'« d6al of feafon in wlwt he iSiid, afuired 

* myfelf that my father would readily 

< agree to the propofal whenever I fhpuld 

* make it. 1 therefore ficw inftantly to 
' difolofe my fentiments to him on that 
•* Itibje^l, and entering the dofet where 
-* he was, found hiiii reading a letter, 
^ which, before I could fpeak a fyllable, 

* ^e put into my hands, faying, " Sy 
-** thJS letter^ Cardenio, you will fee 
<* huw much 0«ke Ricerdo is inclined 
-«< to do you fepvice.'' Th«' Dulie Ri- 

* cardo, as you muft^lcfiow, ^efttleineri, 

* -is a;gra0dae-of^$p9in, whoie elHrtelies 

in tlib bd^ llf^fif this province. I 
took and read^ the letter, which was 
fo extremely kind, that l myfelf fhould 
have btann^ my ^her, lyad he reftnied 
to conijf^ with wliat he requefled in 
it: this Nvas*, tti'iend me iimmediately 
to his hdll^ M being defifotiii thaf I 
fhoiri^ 'li«%' M i^€ comi>anion, not the 
fervsift, of hfs^emeft fon; and he would 
takecare of my fortune in ibch a nian- 
ner as fhould manifeft the «fteem he 
had for mt. Having read the letter, 
X was ((ruck dumb at knowing the 
contents 5 efpecially when I heard niy 
father pronounce, " Two days hence, 

* Cardenio, you fhall fet out, ac^cording 

* to the pleafure of the dtikej and you 
' ought to thJBinfc<3rOd torhating ojin- 
' ed an avenue, through which you 
' may arrive at that fortuM I know 

* you deferve.*' To this declaration 
he added other advices, as became a 
prudent father ; and I, the nigKt be- 
fore I departed, fielding means to fpeak 
with Lucinda,'told het what bad hap- 
pended; nay, I even imparted it !• 
her father, entreatine hi^ to wait a 
few days, without dnpofing of her !• 
any other, until I fhould know m 
what manner Ricardo wanted to era- 
ploy me. He gave me his promife 
accordingly, and flie confirmed it by 
a thoufand vow^ and anxious fighs. 
* I at leingth arrived at the feat of 
Duke Ricardo, by whom I was to 
well received and kindly entertained* 
that Envy pefently began to do her 
ofHce, pofTefling tne old fervants witk 
the opinion, that every exprefiion of 
favour I received from the duke was 
prejudicial to then: ipterdL But he 
who was moft rejoiced at my refiding 
there, was the duke's fecond fon, Fer- 
nando, a gay, genteel, liberal, and 
amorous youth, who, in a ihdrt time, 
was pleafcd to honour me with fuch 
intimacy of friend (hip as became the 
fubje£t of every body's difcourfe 5 and 
though the elder brother loved and 
favoured me al{b> he did not carry his 
favour and alfei^ion to fuch a pitch« 
Now, as all (ecrets are communicated 
between friends, and the confidence 
in which I lived with Fernando was 
foon changed into friendfhip, heim|- 
parted tof ine his raoft fecret thoughts, 
and among other things, a IpVfe-afTair 

* that gave flifiJ^ a got>d deal of difqniet. 

* In fhort, ht'had an indfnatiofi for a 
'• couttiTy-in^idi who. was tit$* father's 

R «vairali 

• iz-8 


^ luflid ; her pareiiU were-vcij rich,, and 
/he herfelf ib beautifp1» re(ervedy mo- 
deft, and difcreet, that nobody who 
knew her could determine in which of 
thefe qualification* ()»e 190ft excelled. 
Thefe accofnpUfligiciitft of this fair 
maiden inflamed the dtiires of Pon 
Fernando to Aich ^|»td|^ th»l he re- 
foLved, as the eafieA coii%iie$ »ver her 
virtue, to promii^ he would inarry. her; 
for he found it in^pofllble to gratify 
his wtfli in any other way* I, prompt- 
ed and boMBa by my frifndihip, en- 
deavoured to diuuadiB and. divert tim 
from hid puipofe, by the ftrongeft ar- 
guments anq nioft lively ekanipies I 
could prodyce } but finding them all 
inelfe^uai, I refolved to, communi- 
cate the whole affair to his father Duke 

< Don Fernando having abundance of 
cunning and difcemment, fulpc^ed 
my intention; and was afraid, that 
the obligation he faw I was under, 
as a faithful lervant, would not al- 
low me to conceal an affair Co preju- 
dicial to the hoQOui: pf the duke my 
mafter : he therefore, .in order to di- 
vert and deceive me, obferved, that 
he could find no better remedy to re- 
move the beauty that enilaved him 
from his remembrance, than that of 
ahfencefor a few months ; and there- 
fore deiired that we fliould go to my 
father's hpulc, upon pretence, as he 
would tell the duke, of feeing and 
^purchafing fome fine hories in our 
town^ which produces the heft in the 
world. Scarce had he uttered tliis 
proporal^ when prompted by my love, 
fxciunve of his prudent intention, -I 
approved of it, as one of the bcft con- 
certed fchemes that could be imagin- 
ed; and was rejoiced at meeting with 
fuch a fair conjun6lure and occanon of 
returning to my dear ^ucinda. In- 
duced by this motive and defire, I ap- 
plauded his pretence, and enforced his 
propofnl, advifmg him lo.execute his 
plan with all fpeed ; for abkth:e would 
certainly do it*s office, in ipite of the 
moft eftablifbed inclination. At that 
very iime# a$ I afterwaixis underilood, 
he had enjoyed the country-maid, un- 
der the title of her hufband, and wait- 
ed for an opportunity of owning it 
with fafety to nimfelf, being afraid of 
the duke^s refentment, in cafe he fhould 
difcover his folly. It happened af- 
terwardsy that as love in young peo* 

< pie is, for the moft pa«t» Mthnig^M 

< appetite, whole only asm 19 pkafurK, 

* and this being enjoyed* whu-feemed 

* love vanifhes, becaufe it cannot eii- 

* ceed the bounds of nature; wheseas 
' real love is bounded by .no ; fuch li- 

* mits: IfayiasibonasDonFemaiido 

* enjoyed tne country-gicl, his defiros 

* were appeafed, and his raptuses abaft- 
' ed ; and if at firft he pretended to feek 
' a cure for them in abfence, he now 

< earneftly defired to be abienty that he 

* might avpid any farther gratification. 
< The duke having given him leave, 

< and ordered me to atta>d himi wea^- 

* rived at our habitation, where he was 
f received by my father i.n a maimer 

* fuitable to his rank and family. I 

< went inf(antly to vilit Lucinda, whofe 

* p^ei^ence, in a moment, rekindled ail 

< my defires, which indeed were neither 

* dead nor decayed within me i and, to 

< my infinite misfortune, I made Don 

< Fernando acquainted with my love, 

< l)ecaufe I thought by the laws of that 

* intimate friendfhi^) with which he ho- 
' noured me, I ought to conceal nothing 

< from him. 1 therefore prai^ the beau- 

* ^Yf grace, and difcretion of Lucinda, 
' in fuch a mannei-, as excited his «u- 

< riofity to fee fuch an accompliihed 

< ypung lady. Prompted by my evil 

< genius, I gratified his defire, fkewing 
*■ her tq him one ni|;ht, by the light of 

* a taper, at the wmdow frona which I 
\ tifed to couverfe with her. At fight 

* of her he ablblutely forgot all the 

* beauties he had formerly feen ; he 

* was ftrnck dumb with wonder; he 

* feemed to lofe all fenfe, became ab- 

* Tent and penfive i and, in fhort, ena- 

* moured of her to that degree, which 

< you will perceive in the courfe of my 

< unhapp^r ftory : and. the more to in- 

< flame his defire, which he concealed 
' from me, and difclofed to Heaven 

* alone, he happened one day to find a 
' letter which fhe bad written, defiring 

* me to afk her in marriage of her fa- 
' ther, fo prudent, modeft, and tender, 

* that upon perufmg it, he faid, ** In 
** Lucinda alone are concentred all the 
" charms of beauty and underftanding, 
** which are divided among the reft of 
" her fex,** True it is , and I will now 

* cqnfefs it, that although I knew how 

* juftly Fernando applauded Lucinda, 

* I was vexed at hearing thefe praifes 

* proceed from his mouth, and began 

* to dread and fufpe^ his inclination ; 




* for ^ht was etemally talking of her, 

* and always turned Uie difcoorfe upon 
' her, even when he was obliged to 

* bring her in by the head and /houl- 
' ders I a circumftance that waked a 
' fort of jeaftufy within me ; not iliat I 
' imagined aught couid alter the faith 

* and affe^lion of Lucindaj yet, not- 

* withftanding, my dcftiny made me 

* dread the very thing th^t confidence 

* tnfnred. Don Fernando always con* 

* trived means to read the letters I fent 

* to Lucinda, together with her an- 

* fwers, on pretence of being highly 

* pleafed with the good Tenfe they con • 
' tained; and it' once happened » that 

* (he having deiired me to fend her a 

* book of knight-errantry, in which 
' (he took great delight, called Ama- 

* dis de Gaul— «~* 

Don Quixote no fooner heard him 
mention this book, than he faid, * Had 
you told me, in the beginning of your 
Itory, that your miftrefs JLucinda was 
an admirer of books of chivalry, you 
woold ha^'chad no bccafion to ufe any 
other argument to convince me of 
her fublime underftanding ; which I 
Oiouid not have deemed quite fo ex- 
traordinary as you have reprefented it, 
bad flte wanted relifh for that fort of 
reading! wherefoiv you need not fpend 
any more words with me, in extol- 
ling her beauty, virtue, and good fenfe; 
for, upon the knowledge of her taiie 
only, 1 pronounce her to be the riiofl 
beautiful and difcreet lady in the uni- 
verse. I wi(h, however, that you had 
fent along with Amadis de Gaul, the 
worthy Don Rugei of Greece j for I 
know your miftrefs Lucinda would 
have been greatly pleafed with Da- 
rayra and Garaya, together with the 
judicious fayinga of the fliepherd Da- 
rinel, and thofe admiral verfes of his 
eclogues, fungand reprefented by him 
with fuch grace, fpirir, and difcretion; 
but the tiiiie will come when that 
omiilion may be re^^ified j indeed, the 
fault may be repaired as foon as you 
(hall pleaie to accompany me to the 
place of my habitation, where I can 
fupply you with more than three hun- 
dred books, which are the feall of my 
foul, and entertainment of my life | 
though now I recoUe^^, not one of 
them remains in my pofleflion j thanks 

< to the malice of wicked tnd* envious 
' inchanters. But I hope you will 
' be (b good as to forgive me for hav- . 

* ing contradided my promife of not- 

* interrupting your ftoryj for when 
' the fubjefl turns upon chivalry or 

* knights-errant, I can no more for-* 

* bear interpofing, than the ray S of the 
'fun can ceafe to warn), or thofe of 

* the moon to wet: but I a(k pirdon;^ 

* pray proceed with your (toryj for 

* that is moft to the purpofe at prefcnt.'' 
While Don Qi^ixote was talking in 

this manner, Cardenio hung his head, 
and fell into a profound revtrie; and 
though the knight rej^esited his requelt, 
would neither lift up his head, nor an-< 
fwer one word • At Icpgth, after a long 
paufe, looking up, • You cannot,' faid 
he, ' beat it out of my thoughts j hor 

* is theie any perfon upon earth, who 
' can perfuade me to the contrary ; and 

* he mult be a blockhead, who ima- 
' gines or believes otherwife, than that 
' the villain, Mafter Elifabat, carried on 
*. a cr'miinal correspondence with Queen 

* Madalima/— * By Heaven, Vis faffe,' 
cried Don Quixote, wkh great indig- 
nation ami impetuofity, as ufual ; * that 

* repoit is the cffe6i of malice, or rather 
' mere wantonnefs. Queen Madafima 
' was a^Rioll royal darne, and it is not 
' to be'prefumed, th<)t a prrncefs of her 
' rank would confer favours upon a 

* mere quack doAor. . Whofoever thinks 

* otheiwife, lyes like a very great fcoun* 

* drtl $ and I will prove him fuch either 

* on horfeback or a foot, armed or dif- 
' armed, by night or by day, as will moft 

< fuit his inclination." Cardenio flood* 
all the while looking attentively at him»' 
and being by this time feized with the 
paroxifm of his madnefs, could not pro-* 
ceed with his ftory; neither, if he had 
proceeded, would Don Quixote have 
liftened to it, for he was offended at 
what he had heard to the prejudice of. 
Queen Madafima*, whofe reputation 
intei*efted him as much as if flie had 
been a61ually his own miflrefs: fuch 
wonderful impreflion had thofe profane 
books made on his imagination I 

I lay, then, Cardenio being by this 
time under the influence of his dif- 
tradion, and hearing himfelf called lyar 
• and fcoundrel, with other terms of re- 
proach, could not relilh the joke j but. 

* Queen Madafima, a lady in Amadis d^ Gaul, attended by one Ellfabat, a furgeon, 
with whom (he travels^ and ii^s in vrpods and deiarts. 

R z fnatching 


fmiteliing' op a Urgc^fMHc tbatrlay 
ftear him> simedfit Co fucoeftfuiiy at- 
Poo C^MXOte^s breaft, that be fell fairly 
on his back with tbb blow. Sascho 
Panbi feeing his mafter treated in tfaia' 
inanner, attacked the modifiiau with his 
clenched Aft ; but tlie luHBtick received 
Inm with fnch a blow, as kaoeked him 

Itf TRt ti£RRA MORS If A, Wif»ftC 
OF BlttTBVIBftOS*,^ 

DON Qnixoie having tWng leave 
of the {^^thcrd, and RiountisdRo- 
zinants again t eemmanded Sancho ta 
^own to the ground at once, and then ibUow him^ uid the ^tiire beftdding 
getting upon him*, mavlaik iris' carcafe his afs» obeyed with latent rclu6biice. 

to his hearths eontent} ^l^hilethe goat- 
Het-d, w^d attempted to defend him^ 
net with the (ame fete» Having thus 
ipaAered and pummelled them all round', 
he left off, and) with great coropofure, 
retreated to the thickets from whence he 
came. Sancho then arofe ; at)d, enrag- 
ed to jfuidhimfeif. katidlcd in this man- 
lier for nothing, ran to take vengeance 
on the goatherd, faying that he was to 
blame for the whole, becatrfe he had not 
informed htm, that the man hadiinter- 
▼als or madnefsj which, had they 
known, they might have guarded againll 
them. The goatherd affirmed, that he' 
liad apprized them of what might hap- ' 
pen i and if they had not heard him, 
St was no fault of his. The fquire re- 
plied f the goatherd retorted -y and, in 
<onclufion, they went by the e&rs to- 
gether, and pul|ed each other's beards 
Mrtth fuch fury, that there would not 
have been a fmgle hair left on either 
chin, had not Don Quixote interpofed. 
Sancho, grappling ftoutly with his ad-' 
▼eriary, cried, « Give me leave, Sir 

* Knight of the Ra^hl Cotlntenance ; 

* this is no armed knight, but a ple- 
' beian like i^yielf, of whom I can 
^ iecurely take fatisfa^ion for the in- 

* jury he has done me, by fighting with 
' him hand to hand, like a man of ho- 

* nour.*— * True,' faid Don Quixote 5 
^ but the caufe of what hath happened, 

* cannot be juftly imputed to him.* 
Peace accordingly enfued, and the knight 
afted the goatherd again, if there was 
a poiTibility of finding Cardenio; for 
he was extremely dedrous of hearing 
the conclufion of his ftory. The goat- 
herd repeated what he had faid before, 
that he did not certainly know where- 
abouts he reiided j but, if they (hculd 
ftay long in tbefe parts, they could not 
fail of nnding him either mad or fober^ 





As they- advanced at klfilre, into the 
moft rOckypart of the mountain, Sancho 
Tonged to. death for an oppcjrtunity of 
talking, and waited impatiently till his 
mafbr ihould birgin, that ht might not 
tranferfels his «irdecs; but, being ut- 
terly unable to k«^ filence any longer, 
' -Sir Don Quixote, faid he, < be pleaf- 
ed tb give me yotirbldfltng, and grant 
me leave to return immediately to my 
wifie and children, with whom, at 
leaft; I cat! talk aud prattle my fill; 
for in commanding tntJtotmv^ witii 
you, through thefi: defahs^ ni^t and 
day, withoujt opoiing my lips when 
I an) difpoftd to ipeak, your ^iroHhip 
bui'ies me alive } if it were the will of 
Heaven, th>it»beails fpokc as they did 
in the days of H>ffup, I flioalU b» 
the lefs uneafy, becatUib I wouldcon- 
verfc with my ais at pleafuie) and 
that would be ibnoe comfort .to me in 
nty misfortunes j but, it is »-»very 
hard cafe, and what I cannot bear 
with patience, to travel in ieareh of ad- 
v^ntunesall my life, and find nought 
but rib-roaftings, biankettihgs, rob- 
beries, and fiity^ufTs $ and after all, 
be obliged to few up our mouths^ 
without daring to bring up what lies 
upon OAir ftomachs, more than if we 
were dumb.* 
• I underftund thee, Sancho,* relied 
the knight 5 * thwi art i^|>atient until 
' I take off the intcrdifMon I haye laid 
upon thy tongue.- I take it off, then i 
fay what you ploafe, on conditiou 
that this repeal fbail laft no longer 
than our ftay In thii mountain.*—* 
Be it fo,' faid Sandio} < to day I 
will fpeak, to morrow God's will be 
done ; and tlte firti uie I make of this 
fafe condo^, is to aft why youi* wor- 
ihip was in fuch a pafiron about that 
Qnten Magimafa, or how d'ye call 
her } or of what fignification was it 
to you, wliether that fame Abat waa 
her fweerheai t vr not ? Kad your wor- 
ihipovei looked that circumilance, that 
you had no con^rn in, 1 £i'miy be- 
lieve the madiuau would hav« gone 

• on 



*. on with .hi$'ftonr, and you would 

* have faved yourfelF the pebble- ihot^ 

* with more than half a dozen kicks 

< and cuff's.* 

* In fatthy Sancho,^ anfwered Don 
<2uixote, * if thou kneweft, as I do,, 
what an honourable and princely la- 
dy that Qi^een Madadma was, thou 
wouldil fay, I had great patience in . 
forbearing to demoli(h the mouth 
from whence fuch blafphemy, pro- 
ceeded $ for fure, Vis no lefs to fay,. 
or even think, that a queen (hould 
taketr furgeon to her bed .. The truth 
of the ftory is, that Rafter Ellfabat, 
whom the luoatick mentioned, was. 
a man of prudence and difcernment, 
and ierved the queen in quality of tu- 
tor and phyiician} but, to fuppofe. 
that there was any indecent famih- 
arity between them^ is a piece of folly 
that deferves to be fcverely chaftifed : 
and to convince thee that Cardenio 
knew not what he f^id, thou may eft ^ 
remember he was deprived of his 
ienies, when he took notice of that 
circuunftance.'— * This Til venture to 
fay/ replied the fquii^, * that the 
words of a madman are not to be 
minded; for, ^fortune bad notftood 
your worihip's frfend» and dire^ed 
to youj: breaft . the pebltjfrjhat was 
aimed at your head, we mouldy have 
been in a £ne condition, for y^t 
having quarrelled about that lady, 
whom Heaven confound ! you may 
depend upon it, Cardenio'w^uld have 
been acquitted on account of his mad- 

< Every knight^eirant,' faid . Don 
Quixote, ' is obliged to ^ (quarrel with. 
^ thofe who are out of their fenfes, as 
well as thofe who are in them, if they 
afperfe the honour of women, what- 
foever they might he. How much 
more, then, in behalf of princeffes of 
fuch high quality and accompli (hments 
as adomeil, Qjeen MadaAnia, for 
whom I have a particular atfeflion, 
on account of her admirable qualifi- 
cations { for, over and above her 
beauty, fhe had a great (liare ot pru 
dence and reijgnation in her calami- 
ties, which were manifold : and the 
advice and company of Mafter Eli- 
fabat were of great fervice in encou- 
raging her to bear her aSi6iipns with 
patience and equanimity. From hence, 

< the Ignorant and malicigus vulgar 
^ tp^kx^ccaiion to fay and fuppofe^ that 

fhe admitted of hU carelTts | but they 
lye. I fay agatj^all tliofe who either 
fay or think fo^^e in thc^ir throats^ 
and I will tell them fo two'hundred 
times over/-—* As for iny own part,* 
faid Sancho, < I neither fay nor think 
any iuch thing j thoic that do may dine 
upon it: if they were too familiar, 
by this time they have anfwered for it 
to God. I prune my own vine, and 
know nothing about thine. I. never 
meddle with other people's concerns* 
He that buys and denies, his own 
purfe be! yes,* as the faying is. Bare 
I was born, and bare I remain 5 and 
if I iofe nothing, as little I gain. If 
he did lie with her that is no matter 
of mine. Many people hunt the hare 
without ever finding the fcutj for^ 
Till you hedge in the (ky, the ftar- 
lings will fly. And evil tongues will 
not refrain from God himfelr.* 

* Good Heaven,' cried Don Quix- 
ote, * what fooleries art thou ftringmg 

together, Sa'ncbo ? Pray, what rela- 
tion have thefe old faws to the fubje^ 
of our converiation ? I charge thee to 
hold thy peace, and henceforth en- 
tertain thyfelf with fpurring up thy 
afs, and leave ofiF talking of things 
which do not concern thee i or let thy 
whole five fenfes be convinced, that 
every thing I have done, am doings 
or will do, is higliiy reafouable, and 
in exa6l conformiiy with the laws of 
chivalry, which I underlland better 
than any knight th^^t ever prufefled 
theorder,' — ' Yes, Sir,' replied Sancho, 
to be fure 1[t->is an excellent law of chi- 
valry, to ih'oll about bewildered in tbeli^ 
mountains, where there is neither high 
road nor bye -path, in fearch of->a[ mad- 
man, who, after we have found him*, 
will perhaps take it in his head to /!• 
niih what he left undone j not of his 
ftoi y, but of your worfliip's pate and 
my libs, which he may chance to 
bienk in a thbufnnd Hiivers.' 

* 1 fay again, Sancho,' refumed the 
knigiit, ' hold thy peace ; for I wouid 

have thee know, tlut I am not de- 
tained in this place, fo much by the. 
defire of finding the lunatick, as o^ 
performing in it an exploit by which 
I ihall acquire everiafting renown 
throughout t^ whole known world j 
and put the llamp of perfeSion upon 
the wonder'ful efforts of knight-er- 
rantry.'—* And will this exploit be 
attended with much dangerr laid. San- 




cho. * No/ anfwered he of the rueful 
countenance, 'thou^ the dice may run 
fo as to produce nK inftead of good 
fortune ; but the whole will depend' 
upon thy diligence.'—* Upon niy di-* 
ligence V cried the iiquire. • Without 
doubr/ anfwered his mafter} * for, if 
thou wih return fpeedily, from the 
place to which thou muft be Tent, my 
afSiflion will foon be at an end, and 
my glory will fpeedily begin : and,' 
th'it I may no longer keep thee in fu- 
fpence about the meaning of my' 
woids, know, Sancbo, that the ce- 
lebrated Amadis de Gaul was one of 
the moft pei fefl knight A»ernint | one 
of them» faid I? he alone was the 
only, fmgle, chief, and fuperiorof all' 
his coteraporaries. Contempt and 
ihame upon Belitanis, and all thofe 
who fay he equalled him i^ any one 
particular J for, by this light, they' 
are ail egregioufty deceived ! I fay, 
nx>reover, when a painter defires to 
become famous in bis art, he endea-' 
▼ours to imitate the originals painted 
by the moft noted artifts; and the 
fame maxim holds in every other 
fcieiice and exercife that adorns, a 
commonwealth: theiefore, he who 
wants to attain the vittues of pru-' 
dence and equanimity, muft endea- 
vour to imitate the chamfler of Uiyf- 
fes, in whofe perfon and fuflPeiings 
Homer has drawn an excellent piflure* 
of wifdoin and patience, as Virgil, in 
the perfon of iEneas, reprefents the 
piety of an a(Fe6lionate fon, and the 
iagacity of a wife and valiant gene- 
ral ; not thatjhey are defcribed and 
let forth exadlly as they were, but as 
they ought to have been, as examples 
of virtue to pofterity. In the fame 
manner, Amadis (Iione like the north- 
Har, the Lucifer and lun of all valiant 
and amorous knights; and therefore 
muft be imitated as a pattern, byall 
thofe who ierve under the banners of 
love and chivalry. Now, this being 
(he cafe, friend Sane ho, I find that 
the knight- errant who approaches the 
neareft to this great original, will bid 
faireit for attaining the perfe^lion of 
chivalry : and one of the circumftan- 
ces in which that knight gave the 
highcft proofs of his worth, pni-" 
dtuce^ valour, patience, conftancy, 

and love, was his retiring to the poor 
rock, when he was in diigrace with 
his miftrefs On'ana, there to do pe- 
nance under the feigned name Bel- 
tenebros*! an appellation certainly 
very ftgniiicant and proper to the way 
of life ne had voluntarily chofen. As 
it is therefo) e more eafy for me to tmi* 
tate him in this, than in cleaving 
giants, belieading ferpents^ flaying 
dragons, overthrowing armies, fcat- 
tenng navifes, and diftblving inchant- . 
ments ; and as this folrtude is ^ well^ 
adapted to fuch defigns, I am refolv^ ^ 
to feize occafion by the fdrclock^ 
which ihe now fo complaifamly pr^* '^ 

* In reality,' faid Sancho, ' what is 
your worfhip refolved to do iit this re- . 
mote place ?*— * Have I not already 
told thee,' replied the knight, * that I 
am determined to imitate Amadis, in 
a6ling the del'perado, the lunatick, 
and madman: to copy alfo alter tbe 
valiant Don Roldan, when he4ltfco- 
vered, in a fountain, certain marks by 
which he was convinced that AngeK- 
ca the fair had committed unclean - 
nefs with Medoro. A piece of in-' 
formation attended witli fuch grief 
and anxiety, that he ran mad, tore 
up the trees by the roots, fuUied the 
waters of the tranfparent fprings, dew' 
iliepherds, deftroyed flocks, fet fire to 
cottages, demolifhed houfcs, dragged 
mares along the ground, and per- 
formed a thoufand other in folent teats' 
worthy to be inftrted in Fame's eternal 
record : and becaufe I do not propofe 
to imitate Rol<Jau,or Orlando, or Ro- 
tolando, for he went by all thefe 
names, literally in all the extravagan- 
cies he thought, faid, and did, i will 
copy his omlines as well as I can, m 
the moft effential parts of his charac- 
ter 5 nay, perhaps, I may content 
myfelf with The fole imitation of 
Amadis, who, by his tears and iighs 
alone, acquired as much fame as the 
other with all the tnii'chitf he did.'— - 
If I apprehend the matter aright, faid 
Sancho, * the knights who played fuch 
mad pranks were provoked, and had 
fome reafon to aSt thefe faokries and' 
penance : but what caufe hath your 
worfhip to turn madipan ? With what 
lady aie you in diigrace } or by wlia( 

The Beautiful Obfcurc. 




figns are you given to underftand that 
the Lady Dulcinea del Tobofo has 
horn playijag the rogue either with 
Moor or Chriftian!'— * This is the 
point/ anfwered Don Quixote, < and 
refinement of my defigni a knight 
who turns madman* becanfe he can- 
not help it> can claim no merit from 
hU misfortune} but the great-matrer 
19$ to run diitra^d without caufe, 
and give my lady reaibn to conceive 
what I couhl do were I moidenedy 
when I can do £a much being dry. 
More efpecially, as I have fuSicicnt 
caufe in the long abfeace to which I 
am doomed by my ever-dailing mif- 
trefsDulcineadelTobofoj for, accord- 
ing to the words of the ihepherd 
Matias Ambrofio, which thou mayeft 
have heard,' 

♦^ In abience of my charming fair, 
«« I fuffer all thofe iUs 1 fear." . 

Wherefore, friend Sancho, you need 
notthnow sway your time unprofit- 
al^y. In adviiing me to refrain from 
an iroitttion at once fo admirable, 
rare, and happy: mad I am, and 
mad I fliall be until thon returned 
with the anfwer of a letter which I 
propo/e to (end by thee to my Lady 
Dulcinea ; and if it be fuch as I am 
intitled to by my love and fidelity, 
my diftraSion and penance will end ; 
but, fhould it be otherwife, I ftall 
run mad in earnef^, and conlequently 
be infeniibleof my misfortune : where- 
fore, let her may, at 
will extricate me from the doubts and 
afflidion in which thou leaved me ; 
becaufe, if it be favourable, I (hall 
enjoy it in my right fenfes j and if unfavourable, my frenzy will 
not feel it, 

* But t(^l me, Sancho, haft thou 
taken care of Mambrino^s helmet, 
which I faw thee take up, after that 
ungnitef\il vagabond endeavoured in 
vain to break it in pieces $ a circum- 
fiance that proves tlie excellency of 
.it's temper?' To this exclamation, 
Sancho replied, < 'Fore God! Sir Knight 
of the Rueful Countenance, I cannot 
fufitsr nor bear with patience, fome 
things which your wprfhip fays ; for 
they make me imagine, that all you 
haye mentioDed al^at chivalry, and 
acquiring kingdoms and enipires, and 

* giving away iflands, with other fa- 

* votfrs and preients, according to thfi 

* pra6lice of knights-errant^ is nothing 

* but puffs of falAiood, and the mere 

* efieA of pillion or fi6iion, or what do 

* you call it: for who that hears your 

* worship call a barber's bafon the hel- 
' met of Mambrino, and fees you cou^ 
' tinue in that error fo many days, but 

* will believe, that He who affirms fuch 

* nonfenfe, muft be very much crazed 

* in his underftanding? The bafon, 

* which is all bruifed and battered, £ 

* have put up in my bag, in order to be 

* mended at home, and ufed for the fer- 

* vice of my own beard, if ever, by the 

* grace of God, I come to fee my wife 

* and family.'—* Heark ye, Sancho,* 
faid Don Quixote, * by the fame oath 
' you fwore, I fwear again, that tlioa 

* haft the raoft (lender underftanding 

* that an]( fquire in this world does or 
' ever did polfefsl Is it pofTible, that 

* after all thy travelling in my com- 

* pany, thou art not convinced that 

* every thing belonging to knights- 

* errant, appears chimera, folly, and 

* dillraflion, being metamor|>hofed into 

* the reverie of vvhat it is, by the 
' power of a tribe of inchanters who 

* attend os, changing, converting, and 

< reftoring each particular, according to 

* their pleafure,aod the inclination they 
' have to favour or annoy us : for whicJi 
' reafon, what feems a barber's bafon u* 

* thee, I can eafily difcern to be the 

< helmet of Mambrino, and perhaps tr> 

* a third, it will aftume a quite diffe- 
/ rent appearance; and I cannot bqt 

* admire the providence of the fage who 
' is my friend, in making that which is" 

* really and truly Mambrino's helmef, 

< appear a ba£bn to the reft of mankind* 

< becaufe it is of fuch ineftimable va- 

< lue, that if it was known, tlie whoje 

* world would combine to raviih it from 

* me; but, as it appeats to them no 

* more than a barber's bafon, they ne- 

* ver attempt to obtain it. This was 

* plainly the cafe with the villain, who, 

* having endeavoured to break it in 

* pieces, left it on the ground, when 

< he went off ^ whereas, had he known 

* what it was, in good faith, he would 

* not have quitted it foeafiiy. Keep it 
« therefore with care, my friend, for at 
' prefent there is no occafion for it ; on 

* the contrary, I fhali ftrip off all my 
*■ armour, and remain naked as I was 

• born. 


Don Q^ixoTfi^ 

• bom, in cafe I be intlmcd to imitate 
' the penince of Roldan, rather tba'n 

• that of Amadis,'* 

Converfing in this manner, they ar- 
rived at the foot of a high mountain 
that ftood alone, as if it had been cut 
out from the I'eft that furrounded it. 
A gentle rill murmured by the fkirfs 
of it, winding along a mendow, to 

Efen and fertile, that it ravifhed the 
ftator's eye 5 while a number bf 
eft trees that grew around, together 
with fome delicious herbs andflowers, 
^onfpired to nruike the place inchanl- 
mg. This was the fcencin which the 
knight of the rueful countenance chofe 
.to Jo ^nauce; and therefore he no 
Iboner berceived it. than he began tg ex- 
claim aioudi as if he had a^uatly Icrfl 
his fenfes, * This is the Ipot, ye hea- 
vens ! which I chufe and appoint my 
refidence, while I bewail that misfor- 
tunc to whidi you yourftlves have re- 
duced me. "This is the place where 
the tears ^ffom thefe eyes will iri- 
creafe the'water3 of that little brook 5 
arid where my profound smd uninter- 
rupted fighs, will inceffantly move the 
leaves of thefe mountain -oak», in 
witnefs and teftimony of the pangs 
which my tormented heart enaurel. 
d ye rural deities, whofocvct ye are, 
who take up your maniion in this un- 
inhabited place, give ear to the com- 
plaints of an unnappy lover, whom a 
tedious abfence and I'matginary doubls 
have brought to lament among thefe 
craggy hills, and bemoan the cruel 
difpoiition of that ungrateful fair, 
who is the end and perfeflion of all 
human beauty? O ye nymphs and 
dryads, who are wont to inhabit the 
hllJs and groves (fo may no nimble 
flttd lafcivious' fatyrs, by whom you 
are beloved, though loved in vaih, 
difturb your fweet repofe) help me to 
bewail my mi(hap : or at ieaft difdain 
not to hear my moan! O Dulcinea 
del Tobofo! lipht of my darknefsl 
glory of my affliction! north-ttarof 
my inclinations '. and planet of my 
fortune ! as Heaven ftuall pour upon 
you the blefiSngs which you aflc j con- 
fider the place and condition to which 
your abfence hath exiled me, and put 
luch a period to my woe, as my fide- 
lity fliall feem to deferve! O ye foli- 
tai y trees, vfrho henceforth are to bear 

^ mttompmf in tlifij^lreaf, conviAtfe 
' me, by the gentle waving «f your 
-' boughs, that my preibice gti^tt you 

* no difguft: and thou, my iqatre, the 

* agreeiible commuii^ of my good anti 
' evil fortune, niivhfulty netaiti in thy 
^ remembrance what thou ftiah lee nte 
' do, that thou mayeft recount and ntf- 

* hear(l^ every cireumftance to the lovely 

< caufeef all my dii^raaion T Sofa^. 
ing, he alighted, and taking off the 
brttiie and faddle from Roadnante, gate 
him a flap on the buttoeks, pronoottein^ 
thefe words : < He who is a (lave VitA^ 

< felf, beftowf freedom upon thee, O 

* l^eed, as excellent in thy qualities ts 

* unlucky in thy fate! go wkeiefoever 

* thou wilt; thou beareft engraven on 
' thy forehead, that tkoo waft never 
' equalled in fvtriftnefs, eitherby AAol- 

* pho's HypogrifF, or the renowned 
' Frontino that coft Bradamaute fo 

* dear."* 

Sancho hearing this apoftrophe, * My 

* blefltng,' cried he, « be upon hint, 

< whofe indu^ry now ^anesuathe trod- 

< ble of taking the halter from theheatd 

* of Dapple*', '¥»ho, in good faith, 

* ihould not want:(kipS'On the buttoeks, 

* nor abundance of fine things faid in 

* his prai(b; but, if he was htro^ 'I 
' would not confent to his being tmm^ 

* loofe, there being no ^eafon for €a dd* 
" ing; for. he was never acquaint^ 

* with' love and defpair^ no more than 

< I, who wal) his mader, while it pieaf- 

* ed God I ibould be fo: ando'vly, 

< Sir Knight of theRuefulCoDBtenatnct, 

< if this departute of muie^ and dif«- 
' tra^ion ot your worfirip» are really 

* to take place, you had better Mdh 

* Rozinante again,. to fupply tfaei«aAt 

* of Dapple ; by which nseans a greit 

* dcll of time will be^ved in my go- 

* ing andcomirgs whereas^iriaaake 

* the fourney on foot^ I know neit ^en 
« it will be performed 5 favi'vi <hort» 
' I am a very forry walker. V#** I lay, 

< be Tt fo, then, Sanoho,* anfweretl 
Don Quixote t « I approve of thy prd- 

< pofal ; and a^ore thee, that thouihait 
« fet out »« three days, during which £ 

* would have thee take notice of whAt 

* I fhalt do for her iakc, that tkote 

* mayeft be able to give ber a full W- 
« count of m^ behaviour.'—.* Wihit 
' more can I lee,* faid Sancho, * tbaH 

* lblvereeii^lMad^v«.^Vott9UY])mttf 

^ Lo ! Sancho'^s afs hath ^ifapjoearcid tf^la. 



* perftft in your ftoiy/ anfweied 
the knight ; but, as yet, I have not 
torn my cloaths, fcattered my ar- 
mour, and daOied my head againft 
die rocks, nor performed many other 
things of this fort, which thou wilt 
behold with admiration/—' For the 
love of God, Sir I* cried Sancho, * take 
care how you da(h your head agaunft 
the rocks; for you may chance to 
meet with fuch a one as will, at the . 
^rft puflii put the finifliing ftroke to 
this whole fcheme of penance { and I 
ihould think, that as knocks of the 
bead are absolutely neceflary to com- 
pleat the work, your wormip might 
content yourfelf, feeing the whole af < 
fsur is a fliam, a counterfeit, and a 
joke; I fay, yourworihip might con- 
tent yourieif with ramming your ikull 
againft water, or fome (oft thing, 
like a cotton bag; and leave It to my 
care to tell my lady, that your wor- 
ihip went to loggerheads with the 
point of a rock a thoufand times 
harder than adamant/-—' Friend San- 
cho,* replied the knight, * I am oblig- 
ed to tnee, for thy kind intention;. 
but, thou mud know, that what I 
do is not a fliam, but a very fei ious 
matter j for, to behave otherwife, were 
to tranfgrefs the orders of chivalry, 
which forbid us to lye, under pain of 
being degraded; and you know, that 
to fubAitute one thing inftead of an- 
other, is downright telling a lye : . 
wherefore, my knocks on the head, 
muft be real, hard, and eiFe^ual, 
and not fophifticated or imaginary ) 
and it will be neceflary to leave me 
fbme lint for my wounds, (ince it was 
the will of fate that we ihould lofe 
the balfam/ 

"* It wai a much givater misfortune,* 
Ikid the Iquire, * to lofe the afs, and. 
with him the lint and all ; but I be*, 
feech youf wor(hip, not to talk of that 
accurftd drench, the fole mention of . 
>ivhich not only turns my ftomach,. 
but even my very foul { and I befeech. 
yott, moreover, to fuppofe we haye 
paned thole three days, which you, 
nave appointed for ihewing me yomr 
mad ptanke i for I take them all for. 
graiftedi' and will tell wonders of 
them to my lady. Write the letter,, 
therefore, and d>fpattch me forthwith :. 
beciufe I am impatient till I return 
and deliver your worlhip from that, 
^rgatory in which I Isave you.'M. 

< Pumtory ! call you it, San^Ko ?* re- 
plied Don Quixote : ' it rather deferver . 
the name oF hell, or fomething worfe, . 
if worle can be/— < I have heard,* , 
iaijd the fquire, ' that from hell there is . 
no retention/ — * I know not,* re- .. 
plied the knight, ' what you mean by 
retention/ — - < Retention,* anfwered . 
Sancho, ' fignifies, thatwhofoevergoeth 
to hell, neither will nor can come . 
back again. The contrary of which . 
ihall happen to your worihipy or my . 
feet will mifgive me, provided I car« 
ry fpurs to quicken Kozinante i and 
^t me once face to face before myLady . 
Dulcinea, at Tobofo, I will tell her . 
fuch dories of the folly and madnefs, 
for they are both the fame thing, which . 
your worfliip has committed, and will 
then be committing, that though I. 
(hould find her harder tlian a cork - 
tree, I will make her as pliant as a . 
glove I and* with her fweet and ho« . 
nied anfwer, return through the air, , 
like a witch, and deliver vour wor- . 
fhip from this pur^tory, that appears 
like hell, though it be not really Co, 
becaule there are fome hopes ofgrt**. 
ting out of it ; whereas thofe who art . 
a^ually in hell can have no fuch ex- 
peftation } and I dare fay, yout wor- . 
fliip will not advance any thing to the 
< That is all very true,* faid he of 
the rueful countenance \ * but how fhall. 
we make ihift to write this letter ?*-r* 
Aye, and the bill for the colts f* 
added Sancho. < That (hall be inferted, 
in the letter,* anfwered his mailer ; 
and I think, as there is no paper to 
be had in this place, the beft thiog. 
we can do, will be to write in the 
'manner of the ancients, on the leaf 
of a tree, or on waxen tables j though, 
I believe, thofe will be as difficult to . 
be found as the paper. But, now I. 
remember what will do well, and ex-^ 
cellentl)r well, for our purpofe ; I will 
write it in the pocket-book which be*, 
longed to Cardenio, and fhou (halt 
take care to have it faiiiy tranfcribed. 
in the firff place where thou can(t iind 
a fchool-ma(!er or a pariih- clerk to^ 
copy it. But, by no means eroplov, 
a fcrivener, who may write it in fvcK. 
an unintelligible court-hand, that Sa-, 
tan himfeir could not underii^and it.* 
•*-* But what is to be done about the 
(igning of it ?* fa)d Sanchp. * Love<*. 
Jetters asc perer iigned/ replied Don 

1^ Q^iatote* 

136 Dt^N ^ik^T^. 

«^t all bills n^uft'b^fubfcriWd: and 

< if thts of yoVirt yrtfre to be cb^iW, 
« tbcV ^ould Ay th^.fabft!i*ipdott wis « Rueful fco\ttitertkncc, t fejTth^t ybuir 

* counterfeit, and.l migbt go wblftie * twrorfhip not only his cautc to run 

* for my colts.'— • TKc bill ftlall be « mftvl for h^i*, but even to defparr an^ 

* iiiblcribed with ifty o^n liind in the < hangybuVfelfj ahd laiYi fure dobodjr 
« j>ocket-book } which niy rfiecc iliaU < that heard ir, but Wo^W fay voii had 
« fto fooner fee, than* (he will comply * do>le extremely well ; eVeft though the 
« with the ord^r, whhout arty farther < 'tfsvtl ftiotlld run awhy with'ybiij and 

* 'obje5lion : and with regard to the let- * t\u!y, Iwi'fh I Were npwii*pdn my way, 

* \fcy, inftfead of m^ ^fVibfcfiptiort, thdti « merely to fee her ; for I ha\/e ndt be * 

< *<hMt cauft tb belnferted, " Vourtf, « held her thcCe ihany days : ahd, fure- 
«' till death} the Knight of the RuefVil « hr, '(he ftiuft bft Aeatly altered j fori 
«* Couritenance/"' And though it be \ * tne futi and weather does TeVy much 

« written by another hand; it IS of fmill * * damage to the facfe of a womah 

* importance, becaulfe, now I remerti- « y^ho is always at wbrk in the field. 
« ber, Dulcinea can rt either read nor « T6 tell you the truth, Sir D&i Qjiix- 
« write, nor ever fet eyes on any s^t\t- ' « bte, I haVe hitherto JiVfcd in S^Vk- 
« ing or letter of mine j for dur mutual * « noArtCe with r'elpeft to my tady Dul- 
^i'ove has been altogether platonick, ' < cirtfca; whbm I venly belived to be 

* without extending farther than a irto- < Ibtn^ pi-inceft, that' yd\ir worfhi}) was 
« deftglandej and even that fb (Wdom, « iti lo^hfe with; 61- a p^rlbn of fuc'h 
«fhat I cah fafdy fw^ ih twclvfe « rhnk a'4 to d^ferve the jich orpftntt 

< "years, during which I have Irtved hc(r ^ « you feht to her 5 nart^ely, tifie Biiwiykh 
•moi'e than tiifclightof'thefe eyes, Vvhich' ' thd gkltey-flavdi, >^ith roahyo&ere. 

* will one day be clofed irt duit, I hav'e * whdrti you conquei^d in the cxnirfe of ^ 
<'"npt feeh her more than fourtim^s, « your numberlefs vjfl'orieV, 1>ofli fSt- 

* \rid even in thefe four finbes', perhaps, < fore and firiCel havft Heeii your fqurre. 

* (he hath ri<5t perceived thfe lookiilg at « But, when 'orte confiders the aifair, 
« her more than once. Such is the re- « >Vhat benefit's can my L&dy Afdoiiala 
« (traijQtandreferve in which her father « Loreni^o—1 mean, my Lady ftutciri^ 

* Lorenzo -Cprchycloj and her motH^fr * del Tobofd, reap from your wdr(hip*s 

* Aldbiiza Nogaies, have brotight her < fending, or having lent thofe Whoih 

* upP * you qveircome in battle, to fall upon 
* Ah, ha r cried ,!Sanch6, « is the * th^lr knees before her? e(pec>&lly as 

* daughter of Lofen2ioC9rCh\)efo,vvhoFe « they iiiight ch^'nde "to conAcatatime 
«* other name iS Alddnza Lrirenxa, th(i < when me is bufy, caMmg fiax and 

* fame with the Lady Dulcinea ?*— * 'threthirtg corn 5 in whTch c'a(c, Ihey 

< Yes/ anfvvered the knight i 'and ihe « would be afhamed tb (ec her, and ^^ 

* deferves to be lady of the whole uni- « laugh and b^ out of hunioiir at ^dr • 

* vcr(c.'—« I kno^ her perfectly well/ ' - - -^ - --^ - 
faid Sancho j * and this will venture to 
« fay in her behalf, that flie will pitch, 

< the bat as well as e'er a Itlfty youitg « and: though of a IKaildw iiL 
« fellow in the village. BleTs the fender! « irie, thy SluhtheTs feorderi* oj _ __ 

< (he is a ftrapper, tall, and hale wind « feveiitjrj but, tbd^nvmce (Wof'tHy 

* and limb; and can ^ lift out of the^ ''own'i^brahceahdniydire/etibn.'ttiou 

« mire any fquire or k nfdit- errant, wHo • (halt give ear to a raort ttory w'Kich 

« (hall chufe her for his fwciefliearV/ < I will Mate. ^^ ^ ', / 

« Ah! the whore's chick i what a pair * JCnbw, then, that 6J)ceupc^' ailiiAe 
« of lungs and Voice hais (He got! I ' - --^^--^^^ --.'•• *♦.♦ >. .^.^ 

< heard her one day halldO from the 
« belfray to fome Voung fellows of her 
** acquaintance, who were at work in a 

corn-field of her fafherVj attidi though < ing to a neigfibourins.ibonYebt;'* tEe 

out cau^ie^.tbat a l^dypf your npk^ 
D^atity/ and fortuke, ihoui4 beltow 
your afRaSion upon fuch a low, fim- 
pie, clownirii fellow ; \^^n there arc 
fo many maftfirs, graduallies, and di- 
vines, in the convent, among w1i8ni 
your ladylhip may chufe, as one 
picks pears, laying, *• This I JikeJ 
that I loath."*' The lady anfwcrdd, 
with gi"eat frecdoijd and viracityj 
Signior, you are very much deceiv- 
ed, and very old-fa/hioned in your 
opinion, if you think I have made a 
bad choice in that fellow who feems 
£b iunple: for, in that particular 
which I admire, he is as much of a 
philofopher, nay, more than Ari- 


unexcelled by Hel^, unriva}Ied by^ 
Lucretla, 'pr any other heroine olF a^s- 
paft, whether Grecian, Roman, or 
Barbarian ; and let people fay what 
lliey wHl, if r am blamed by the ig-[ 
norant, I (hall be acquitted' by t^e 
9^ rigid' ^f -thole who ajr? -proper 
judges of t^e ^alb/r^* I fay,' an- 
fwcred Sancho, * that your worfliip is 
yery jri^uch in the ri^h<, and I ^ no 
better than an afs: but I Know no{ 
why I thould mention the word a/sj^ 
for one ought rfet to talk of fiaUel;s in 
the houfe of a mart '^o was hang^ed.* 
But give me the letter, and f3i"ewe( 
till J return:' ^' - . 

Don Quixote pu!)ed out the mipnio- 

ftotlc himfeif." In like manner, San- randum-book, and; pepping afitje; with 

cho, Duicinea del Tohofo is as pro- great compofure, began to y!rrite'tb^ 

per for my occafions as the highe^ letter 5 which, when he had fimttieil, 

princefs upon €arth. All the poets^ He called to Sanciio, faying he wanteq 

who have celebrated ladies, under to read it to him, that he might retain 

n.aines which they invented at pka- it in.his memory, in cafe he fliould' lofe 

/Ure^ had pot really fuch miflreffes as 

they defcribe. Doft thou imagine, be feared frpp his eVil fortune. ' Yoiii^ 
that all the Amaryllis's, Silvia's, Phil- * worfliip,' anrwereJ S^ncho, * may, 
fr«<* ni,.^^"»- n«iof«.o«e Ai;.i^o^n^ i -^nte it down two or three tipies in 

lis^s, Dfana's, Galatea's, Alidtf si and 
other names io often met with in to- 
TTiances, poemis, barbers fhops, and oh 
t^e ftage, actually belonging to ladies 
offleih and blood, who "were adored 
by thofe who (ing, and have fune 
tKeir praife^? No, furelyj but, on 
the contrary, are, for the -moft parti 
fdgned and adopted as the fubjeas of 
vcrie, dtat the poets may be thought 

/t by the way 5 foj- eveiy th:n|[ v^^as ^q 

the book, and I will take fpecial car's 
to convey it fafeJy j but it is ftfHy to' 
fuppofe that I can retain it in my me- 
mory, which is ip bfui|> t))a^ -I >have 
many a tim^ forgot my ovyn i\^me £ 
but, notwith (land ing, pray. Sir, r^a 
it to me s I fhall be hugely rejoi^ec^ 
to hear it; for it muft certainly |)e. 
curioufly penned.'-^* Liftcn then, and' 
I Will read it,' faid' Don Qmxote i 

men of amorous and gallant difpofi- 

t?ons. Wherefore, let 'it fuffice, that who began as. follows. 
I Imsigine and believe the worthy Al-' 
dpn^sa Lorenao to be beautiful and Don Quixote's Letter to Dulcihea del* 
xnodeft : and, as to her pedigree, it is Tobofo. 

a matter of fniajl importauce j there 
j« no neceflrty for taking informatipn 
on that head, as if Ihe were to be in- 

vefled with fome order of knighthood: ^ U[ ^ ^^^ is wounded by the ecjge 

granted, that flic is "*^ * of abfence, and whofe hfart 



^d I tak£ it for 

the nobleft princefs in the univerfe ; 
for/ thov 'muft'know, Sancho, if it 
be'a thing of which thou art ignorant, 
that the two qualities, which, above 
^ others, inlpire love, are beauty 
and reputation i and thefe two is Dui- 
cinea m conAimmate pofleflion of | 
for in beauty flie excels all women, 
and is equalled by very few in point 
of reputation. And, to conclude, t 
imagine that all I have faid is true^ 
without exaggeration or diminution. 
I paint her in my fancy according to 
i^v wiih, as well in beauty as in rank| 



is ftuck full of the darts of affli6]^ion, 
moft divine Dulcihea del TobolbT 
wiflies thee that health which he is 
not doomed to enjoy. If I am fcorn- 
cd by thy^beatityi if thy virtue ailbrds 
me no relief, if thy difdatn coqipleats 
my misfortune; albeit, I am inured 
to fnffering,' I can ill fupport the 
mifery I b(^ar $ which hath not oiity 
been exceifive, but alfo of long dura- 
tion. My trufty fquire Sancho will give 
thee' an amj^e relation, O ungrateful 
beauty and lovely foel of the fituatioi 
in wnicfa I remain on thy account 

S a ♦ if 


■ bim ip. ^H mtdnefs^ yh^n the oc- bimfelf in .ftrollmg about them^Mo^V 
f cafiQn is not fi^ilar j for^ my jl^ul- wridqg suid enjgraving Tdrfes'oQ^^ 
*, cinea del Toboib, I dare fwear, never barks of treQs, zv^d the Tmooth iand ; alt 
^ in all the days of her life, beheld one of them on the fubjeCt of His* own 
f ^^oor in his own likenels \ and is this melancholy, or fn praiie of fits m^ftrefi 
f day as much a virgin as the mother Dulcinea^ bfit, :aftejr he was found in 

* that bore her J I ihould therefore do this place, non?, except the'f6nowiog|* 

* her a manlfeit injuty, in ima^nln^ reqjained intelli^ble and qntire.' 
' * otherwife, and adopting that kind of ' 

* madnefs which poHelTed Orlando Fu- ' I. ^ 

* nofo. On the oOiej hjnd^ I am fen- ^^r^g ^ ^ ^^ ^^ ^ ^ 

* fiWe that Amadis de GaOl, without \ r\Tt{Lk Jhlsmeadlw^^TiMlw^. 

* J.9WPg his fcnfef , or aaing the mad- if you rcjpioe not .^^ my tjirall. 

Give ear unto a wretch forlorn ^ , 

Nor let my grief', though loud, mv^de - 

Your peace i but, by Don C(uixote/ ^ k 
Sclf-oiferM tax of (brrow, paid 
In abfence of his Dukinea •' • ' ' 

4et'i7o%of0. ' 
' . • 1 

"• . . 

Thefeare tfre rocks to which, he's drrnm* 

By her wH^fecos o»t m«cH ^ UtP ^' 
The trwcft Ityfpi ^nder h^av^ % . . : • 

Ani ye^h? i,^o^^ notwhy qor y^ierc^ft, 
By love t^fsM ijiitf ? tenJiis^ball, 

A calk Qf t^^ri \jri.ll not defray a 
Whole day's expencc of grief apd ^z\\^ 

In abfence of his pulcinea 

del Tobofo, 

Among thcfe craggy rcx:ks Sind brambles^ 

He hangs, alas ! on forrow^s ttittersj- 
Or curies,' 0$ alone he rambles. 

The cruel caiife>of bia mi^rbntiirci. 
ViSpityinc lone about bi4 «ars, 

WitbfcQtti^BeiJjvere beg?i| %o flay 4 
Moftd{;fadfulg^me> that made hif p^n 

Flow for Jjis. a|)rqit Dalcine^ 

del Toljofq* 

Thefe ycrfes, yrith the addition of del 
Tobofp, to |:.he nanrjeof Dulcinea, aff 
forded inBnite diverf|pn to thofc wh9 
found ihenti : for, they cpn eluded Doij 
Qijixote had imagined, that, if h( 
named her without this title, tlic ftan; 
?a could nbt ppffibly be undcrftpodj 
and this was really the cafe, a^ he af^ 
terwards owned. Many other dittiej 
did he CQiTJgofc ;. ^ut^ as v^ hav^ pi: 
ready 'obfe^yeji noj^e l^ift tjv^Te th' 
ftanzas could pe deciphered ;lnd 

, according 
^ he did, when he found himrelf in 
F d|^ace with hif miftrefs Oriax^^whp 
I bariiAedhim ffom her pre^en(!e dur* 
^ ing; ^leafure, was to retire, in com* 
*' pany of a hermit to the p9or ro^k, 

* where he contented himfcff wi^h be- 
f, moanii]g his misfortune, until Hea- 
' ven {ept.hioi fuccour, in the midft of 
f his great neceiHty and afHi£lion. If 

* this circumftance, £hereforfc, be true^ 

* as.' I know it is, why ihpujd I now 

* take the trouble of Gripping myfclf 
*. naked, or give umbrage to thefe 

* tief s, which have done me no harm ! 

* or whar reafon have T tq defile the 

* pure ilream of theft rivuletjsi which, 

* whep twant it, will yield mepleafant 
« drink! Flourifli, thenj the mempry of 

* AmadU 1 and let him be imitated as 
' much as'pofnble, by Bon Quixote dp 
^ Xa' Mapcha, of whom may be faid, 

* that which i§ recorded of another*, 
*• If he didnpt atchi^ve great things, 
*' at leail. he died in attempting;.'^ And, 

* though I am not baniibed nor dif^ 

* dained by my Dulcinea, let it fliffice, 

* as I have already faidj that I am ab- 

* fcnt 'from her. Come, then, let us tcj. 

* gin : recur to my remembrance, ye 

* feats of Amadis, and initiate me in 
' the imitatTon of your fame*. I knov^ 

* his chief exercife was jprayer, and in 

* that too will I follow his example^* 
Sr, faying, he compofed a rofary of thp 
Ijrgc galls of a cork-tree, which hp 
itiung together indead of beads; but. 

]je found an unfurmountable difficulty Jn this amuTemcnt, in .fighipg, inf^kr 
in the want of an hermit to cqnfefs and ing the f^un$ aVd fylvj|ns of tAo|e 
confole him :. wherefore, he entertairjed wopdf^ the ^ympfiV 9rt^?,Jjrop|t$,\|r|t9 

. f Probably alluding to the Cf itApb fli Phaiton* 

Hie Jit us efi Tbatton, currus aurigs fattrni, 
M^etn fi npH ttnuitf magnU ttftntn excidit aufiu 


DON QUiiOT^t. 


the dkmp ahd dblefii! echo t^b hear, 
conrofe, and ttC6und \ih e&m^Ilints; 
a/)'d» !h ci^lfih^jptants fo foftkin nature, 
he ehlployed himfeliT till the return of 
Satich'o^ who, had he flayed three weeks, 
ixiiWiii of thrte days, the knight Of the 
, rtief\il c6uf)tenance would have been fo 
c^aciafed and disfiguied, that he could 
nbt ha^^e b<teti knOv^n by the mother who 
bof-e hihi. 

• DbweVer, it >!iri)l not be ai^ilfs to leave 
blm, eogrblted'b^ his ilghs and poetry ; In 
of def to recount what happened to Satacho 
Panza, in the eifecutioh of his embalTy, 
Haviiiglreached the highway, this trufty 
niellenger took the road to Tobofo, and 
next day arrived at the very inn where 
hfe had inet with the difgracelFul adven- 
ture of the blankettiog. He no fooiier 
peirceivtjd tfa^ unlucky houfe, than he 
fancied hitnfelf cutting capers in the 
arr aj^ain ; and was Very lothe to enter, 
although it Wa^ then dinner time, and 
he was very ifiucb rhfttgated ty the de- 
iii^ of taftihg foihething hot, as he had 
lived for a g'reat many days paiit on cold 
victuals onlj. This inclmation com- 
pelled htm to nde ctofe up ^o the Inn, 
vrhere, while he was fitting in (ulpence, 
afid hefitatmg whether or i\Ot he /hould 
enter, two peHbns happened to come 
to the door, and knowing him imme- 
diatery, the otie faid to the other, * Pray, 

* Mr* Licehtiatie, is not that man on 

* horfeback our neighbour Sanclio Pan- 
' za'j who, as the noufekeeper told us, , 
' went out wilih our adventurer in qua- 

« lity of fquire ?'— * The very fame,' in- 
fwered the licentiate, ^ and that is the in- 
' di vidua! Iiorfe of oiir friend Don Quix - 

* dte.' And jno wonder they fliould know 
him rpeaniyj for they were no other 
than the cui'a'teand barber of the knight^s 
town, by whom ttie' fcrutiny and trial 
of his books were held . Having there- 
fore recognized Sahcho Fahza and Ro- 
xuiante, and being impatient to hear 
news of t)6n Quixote,, they ran iip to 
the fquire, and the curafte called him , 
by nainici faying, * Friend *Sancho, 
^ where is your mailer ?* Sancho, who 
recbltefted them alio, refolvi^d to con- 
ceal the place and condition in which He . 
had lefl his 'niafler ; and therefore an-, 
fwered, tHat the kpigKt was in a certain 
place, 'epjployed about a cettain affair 
of the utihoft limportance, which he 
durft hot difclole for the eye^ ihat ilOod 
in his head^ * THat pretence will not 
''itp» ^Saivpbo/Tai3'iAc barber i < if 

yoji refui^ to tell where he 2f, weihall 
imagine, as Indeed we do, that ymi 
have robbed and murdered him, and 
taken poffeifion of his horfe j fO, that 
in good footh, you muft either pro- 
duce him, or in this very fpot, we^ 
will—' * You have no occafioi^,*' 
cried ^ancho, interrupting him, 'to 
threaten people in this manner : I ath 
not the man to rob and murder any 
perlbh ; every man muft fall by his 
own fortune^ or by the will of God 
that created him v my mafter is found 
and fafe, doing penance ih the midft 
of ifhat fountain, to his heart's coA-«. 
tent/ He then, without pauiing, lA 
a breath informed them of the condi- 
tion in which he left him, recounted all 
the adventures which had happened to 
him, and told them df the letter he w2^a 
canylrig to my Lady Dulcinea del To- 
bofo, Who was no other than L0fen2!0 
Corchuelo's daughter, with whom his' 
mafter was up to his ears iii love. 

They were aftoniflied at "wK^f Ac 
fquire related, and though well at- 
quainted with the particular fpeceies of 
I)on Qaixote''s madnefs, this infta&ce 
afforded frelh admiration : they defired 
Sancho to fliew them the letter for the 
Lady Dulcinea del Tobofo ; and he told 
them it was only a rough draughty 
written on the leaf of a pocket-book ^ and 
that his mafter had ordered him to get 
it tranfcribed on a (heet of paper, witlx 
the firft convenient opportunity. The 
curate promifed to tranfcribe it in a fair 
lej^ibte hand, and again defiring a light 
of it, San,cho put his hand In his bo- 
fom, in (earch of the book, which* how- 
ever, he could not find; and indeed, 
had he fumbled ti^l this time, it would 
have be^ to no purpofe ; for he had left 
it with Don Quixote, who had forgof 
to give, as he to alk It of him, before 
he let out. Sancho milling his charge, 

frew pale as death, and fearching agaia 
is whole body with great eagernefS| 
could 6nd nothing { upon which, With- 
out more ado, he laid hold of his beard 
with both hands, and plucked one* half 
of it from his chinj then, with vaft 
difpatch and precipitation, belaboured 
his face and nofe in fuch a manner, as 
left the whole covered with blood. The 
Curate and barber feeing him make Tq' 
ftiee with hiis own pcrfon, a/ked what 
Had Jiappened to hira, that itiade him 
handle himfelf fo roughly. ' What 
< Hu happened to ihe?^ dried 'dielquire.' 

* I have 

14% ^On QJTIXOTK. 

* I have loft ^and let flip through my efFon», repeated it three times ^ and a9> 

* £nger& in an inilanr^ three afs colts, often recited three thoufand other ab- 

* each of which was a* fall as a tower/ furJlties^ He- likewire gave them an 
•— f By what means ?* reAtmed the bai:- accoimt of every Ihrng^ich had befal- 
ber. * I have lolt,* anfwered Sancho^ len his mafter^ hut mentioned not a (yl- 

* the pocket-book, in which Was writ- lahle q( the ^blankettin^ that had bap* 
*. ten the letter for Dulctn^» together pened to himfelf, in that ver^ inn which 

* with an order, (i^ed by my Q)a(kr> he refu(ed to eniter ^. nay, he gave thena 

* own hand, deiirmg his niece to d«- to underlland that hW mader, as (boi^ as 

* .liver to me three colts out of four or be could bring hhh a favourable dif- 

* five which be has at home<^ At the patch fron» my Lady Dulcinea ie\ T<y- 
lame time, he told them hew he bad lott bofb» woutd put himfelf lit the way 6f 
Papple. The curate comfujted him, becoitying an emperor or mionairch' at 
Jby laying, that when he returned > his leaft, according to the plan fettled 5e- 
mafter would renew the order> and give tween them. This he ^prefeoted as a^ 
him a bill upon paper, as the cuftom is, very eafy matter; conliderTng the va- 
for thofe written m pocket books aie lour of his per!on> and ftrenfgth of his 
never accepted or paid. armj^ and told them^ that this defl|^ 

With this aiTurance Sancfio confoled would be no (boner accomp1i(h'ed« than 

himfelfi obferving, (ince that was the the knight would beftoW upon Kin iii 

cafe, he Aiould not give himfelf much marriage, (for by that time, he irraft of 

iineafinefs about the lofs of the letter* neceflity bea widower^foneof (fiemaidsp 

which, as he retained it by heart, he of honour to the emprefs j a fine youngs 

could caufe to be tranfcribed where and lady, ai^d heirefs of a vaft and ^n^thy 

when he pleafed. The baiber defired edate tfpon tbe main land, without any 

him to repeat it, telling him they would oilands, or lilajttds, which he did not 

tranfcribe it j upon which SaqcFio be- much care for« 

gan to fcratch his head, in order to re* Sancho uttered this piece of wrotig- 

collect it, Handing fometimes on one headed information with fuch compo- 

foot, A>metiraes on the others One fure, wiping his nole from time to tinie^ 

while he Hxed his eyes upon the ground, that his tOwnfmen could not help ad^ 

then lifted them up to Heaven ; at laft, miring anew the madnefs of Don Quix- 

after a moft tedious paufe, during which ote j which, like a whirlpool, had fueked 

he gnawed off the half ol' one of his in and fwept along with it the under- 

naira, and kept his hearers in the moft Handing of this poor limpleton, Thev 

impatient fufpen're j • 'Fore God, Mr. did not chufe to fatigue themlelyes witii 

f licentiate/ faid he, ' I believe the de- endeavours to convince him of hisf 6f- 

*. vi I has run awnv with every word that ror{ but, as they believed it was not 

* Icememberedof this letter) though I prejudicial to his eonlcience, relolved^ 

* am pofttive it began with fubterrrne tor their amufement, to encourage him 

* and fublime princefs !*— •« It could in his folly j with this view they, ad- 

* not be fubterrene,* faid the barber, vifed him to pray to God for long 
' butfupeiterreneorfoveieign/-— ^ You life and health to his matter^ and ob- 

* are in the right,* refumed Sancho j ferved, that it was a thing both likely 
' then, if my memory does not fail me, and feafible that he fhoulo, in proteis 
'^it went on with the rmitten,'the ileep- of tinv become an emperor, at leift an 
' lefs, and the fore, kifles your hands, archbifliop, or attain fome (hdion of 

* moft ungrateful and unregarded beau- . equal dignity .^ To this encouragement 

* ty J and fomething or other of health Sancho replied, * Gentlemen, if fof- 
' and diftemper wh?ch he wi (bed her; * tune ftiould bring matter^ about, fa 

* running on at this rate^ tilt he con- * as that my mafter ihould mcHne lit 

* eluded with, '* yours, till death, the * be an archbilhop rather than an edt- 
*' itnight of the Rueful Countenai^ce/* * pcror, I fiioul^ be glad tO know what 

The hearers were not a little diverted ' archbifliopS'-errant bellow upoif thtif 

with tliis rpecimen of S anchors me- * fquiresT The (iutrate told miif; tliat 

vnory« which tliey applauded veiy much j they commonly gave them fome fimple 

deliring him to ivpeat the letter ^gain, benefice, curacy, or the ofice of facri- 

twice over, that they might lYtainit^ until itan, with a good yearly income* bt- 

the^ coif Id have an opportunity of tran- iides tl^e fees of the. aitaf, which ai% 

fcnbingit. UeaccordinglvTcnewedhia uTually reckon^ SK 9t intt^h move* 

■ * • la 



w ■ 

-i— - — w^ 



« In oi-dcrTb ffll an employment of that 

* kind/ anfwered Sancho, * the fquire 
< ma ft be unmarrted, and at leaft capa- 

* ble of afRfting at mafs ; and if that 

• be fbe cafe, what will become of me, 

• uvho have not cnlr the misfortune to 

I ■ \ • • 

acc6mpany her to a i^ertam place whi- 
ther ihe would conduft him, there to 
redrefs an injury ffie had received from 
a difcourteou^ knight; and the boon 
ihotiid be attended with a» hmnble fup- 
plication, that he would not deike her 

be married, IJut am alfo ignorant of to takeoff her maflc, noralk any quef- 

tion about her affairs, until he fhotild 
have done her |uftice upon her adver- 
fary. And as he firmly believed that 
Don Quixote would comply with any 
requeft made in that ftile, he hoped, by 
thefe means, to withdraw him flrom the 
mounjtain, and condu6l him to hit own 
habitation, where they would endeavour 
to find fome remedy for hrt ((range dif- 

* the firft letter of the A, B, C ; fhould 

* my mafter take it in hie head to be an 

* archbifhop, rather than an emperor, 

* according to the cuftora of knights- 

* errant r— * Dont make yourfelf un- 

* eafy about that matter, friend San- 
« cho,* faid the barber ; * for we will 
■ intreat and advife your mafter, nay, 
' even make it an ainiir of confcicnce, 

* ft>r him lo become an emperor rather 
^ than archbif!^p,a8 a flation more|ruited 

* to his difpontion, which is more war- 

* like than ftudious.*— * I was of the 

* fame opinion,^ refumedSancho; 'but 

* now, rll venture to fay, he has a ca- 
^ pacity for every thing : and what I 
' intend to do, is to befeech our Lord 

* to dire£^ his choice to that ftation 

* which will be moft for his own ho- 

* nour and my advantage.'—* You 

* fpeak like a feniihle man," faid the 
curate ^ * and in To doing will a6l the 

* part of a good Cbriftian ; but, our 
^ prefent bumiefs is to think on fome they began to put it in execution im 

* means of putting an end to this ufe- mediately j by borrowing of the land- 



THIS fcheme of the curate was Co 
well reliflied by the barber, that 

* Icfs penance your mafter has impofed 

* upon himfelf s and in the mean time 

* go in to dinner." Sanchodefiredthem 
to enter, faying he would wait for them 
at the door, and afterwards tell them 
why he did not go in, and wherefore it 
was not proper for him fo to do \ but 
begged they would be fo good as to 
bring out fomething hot for himfelf, 
and iome barley for Rozinante. They 
accordingly went in, and in a little 
cimtf the oarber brought him out a mefs 
of hot vi6ltia]s. After they had both 
maturely deliberated about the means 
of accompliihing their defign, the curate 
fell upon a (theme, extremely weli« 
adapted to the tafte of the knight, as 
well as to their purpoib. He propofed 
to dtxtihe himfelt in the drefs of a lady- 
errant, and' that the barber fhould dif- 
guiib himi*elf as well as he could, in the 
Skenefs of a fquire \ which being done, 
thev ihoula go to the place where Don 

lady a petticoat and tucker, for which 
the prieft left a new cafTock in pawh j 
while the barber made an artificial beard 
of the tail of a pied ox, in which the 
innkeeper ufed to ftlck his comb. When 
the hoftefs afked v^at occafion they had 
for thefe' things, the curate gave her a 
brief account of Don Quixote's mad- 
nefs, and e^cplained the ufe to which 
they intended to put the di%uife, in 
order tb difengage nim from the moun- 
tain where he then was. The inn- 
keeper and his wife immediately difco- 
vered that this liinattck was no other 
than their quondam goefl, who Was au- 
thor of the balfam, and mafter of the 
blanketted fquire; and recounted to the 
curate everything that had happened, not 
even fbrgetting the tircumftancc which 
SancliQ was at fuch pains to conceal. 
In fhort, the landlady drefled up th^ 
curate* in a moft curious manner; fhe 
put upon him a cloth petticoat flounced 

^(xote waft, and the prieft, on' pretence' and turbelowedi with a broad bonier 
ot beijig^a. dainfeljn,4ifti^fs> fhould beg of black velvet, and a. clofe jerkin of 

a bo9a». which^ he, as a valiant knight - 
errantly SPHld notjfcelj^ gfandnfir. This 
boon ftiould be a requeft^ that ht would 

green velvet, garnifhed with robings of 
white fattin, which, together with the 
petticQV} leemed to have ' 





the reign of King Bamba * $ he would be near Don Qsiixo(e» be folded Jt 
not fuffer himfelf to be coifed, but co- up with great care; the prieft adjufted 
▼ered his head with a quilted linen his beard j and both together proceeded 
ni^ht-cap, which he always carried about on their journey, under the dbe^lion 
with him ; and bound his forehead with of Sancho Panza» who by the way ne- 
a garter of black tafFety, making a fort lated to them what happened betvireeii 
of maik with the other, which effec - his mafter and the madman whom they 
tually concealed his countenance and met with in the Brown Mountam 3 con* 
beard. Overall, he flapped his beaver, cealing, neverthelefs, the circumftance 
which was fo broad that it might have of the portmanteau, and it's contents i 
ferved for an umbrella ^ and, wrapping for» nOtwithftanding his funplicity^ our 
himfelf up in his cloak, mounted his youth was as covetous as wifer people, 
mule, fitting fideways like a woman i Next day they came to the broom 
while the barber beftrid his own bead, boughs, which Sancho had ftrewed^ in 
with his beard flowing down to his order to afcertain the place where he had 
girdle, of a white and red colour, being left his matter : he no fooner, therefece^ 
made as we have before obferved, of a perceived his marks^ than he told them 
pied ox's tail. that was the entrance into the moun- 
Thus equipped, tliey took leave of tain ^ and defired them to put on their 
every body prelent, even the kind Ma- drefles, if they v^re neceuai'y towards 
ritornes, who promifed, though a (in- the deliverance of his mafter : for they 
ner, to mumble a whole rofary over in had already affured him, that their tra* 
prayers to God, for the |rood Uiccefs of veiling in mch diiguife was of the ut-r 
that arduous and Chriftian deiign they moft importance, ■ in difengaging the 
had undertaken j but fcarce had they knight from that difagreeable cour(e of 
Tallied from the inn, when the curate life he had chofen t and they charg^ 
began to think he was to blame for dif- him not to tell his mafter that he kneW 
guifing himfelf s it being, in his opinion, who they were^ and if he fliould aik, 
indecent for a prieft to appear in fuch a as doubtlefs he would, whether or not 
manner, how much foever depended he had delivered the letter to Dulcinea, 
upon their fuccefs. He therefore pro- they advifed him to an^er in the affij*- 
pofed that he fhould exchange charac- mative, and tell him, that as ftie could 
ters with the barber, who might a6l the not read it, (he had lent her anfwer by 
part of the damfel in diftrefs, while he word of mouth, commanding him, on 
took that of the fquire, which he thought pain of her difpleafure, to s^>pear in her 
did not fo much profane the tii^nity of prefence with all convenient fpeed, on 
the cloth i and unlefs his neighbour an affair of the utmoft confequence to 
would agree to this propofal, he affured him: for, with this anfwer, and other 
him that he was reiolved to go no far- fpeeches they intended to raake^ they 
ther, even if the devil himfelf fhould did not at all doubt of reconciling him 
carry off Don Quixote. At that in- to a oetter way of life, and prevail upon 
ilant Sancho chanced to come up, and him immediately to begin his career 
feeing them in fuch a garb, could not towards being an emperor or king ^ 
refrain from laughing ^ in (hort, the and as to the office of archbi(hop, San- 
barber affented to every thing the other cho had nothing to fear. The fquire 
propofed $ and the plan being thus al- liftened to theie directions, which he 
tered, the curate be^n. to inftru6l him carefully depofited in his memory, 
touching his behaviour and fpeech to thanking them heartily for their inten* 
Don Quixote, in order to move and in- tion to advife his mafter ta accept of an 
. duce him to accompany them, and quit emperor^s crown, rather than an ar^h- 
/ that place he had chofen for the fcene of bifhop^s mitre ; as he was very fenfible 
his vain and extravagant penance. The that emperors could do more for their 
barber told him, that without his leffons, fquires than archbifhopa-errant. He 
\ he knew very well how to demean him- alfo prooofed to go before, in fearch of 
[ felf in the character ; and as he did not his maner, and impart to him this an* 
} chufe to put on the drefs till they (hould fwer of his lady, which, he afiured theoit 

* Bamba^ or Wamba, king of the Vifigoths in Spain, mounted the throne in the year 
672, and was famous for his fuccefs againft the Arabians, as well as for his attachment 
to the Chriftian religion^ as a proof of which he retired into a QonafUry^ and refigped 
the kingdom to Ervige. I 

I " would 




would be fufficient to bring him out of 
the mountain, without fheir being put 
l» any farther trouble. They approved 
of his opinion, and refolved to (lay where 
they were until he ihould return with the 
pews of hi? havingfoond Don Quixote : 
ajccordingly, Sancho proceeded towards 
the heart of the mountain, leaving them 
in a Ypot watered by a fmall purling 
brook, and (haded in a moft cool and 
, agreeable manner by fome rocks and 
trees that grew round it. 

It being then the month of Augtift, 
Vfhen the heat in thofe parts is exceuive, 
and three in the afternoon, which is the 
liotteft time of the day, they were tlie 
more charmed widi the iituation, which 
'vras fo inviting, that they choie it for 
the place 9f their refidence, until Sancho 
Aottld r&tum. While they lay at their 
«afe, under the covert of this fliade, their 
cars were faluted with the found of a 
voice, which, though unaccompanied by 
any inftrument, fung fo fweet and me- 
lodioufly, that they wei'e ftruck with 
aftonifliment; little expelling to meet 
^nrith fuch a delicious warbler in that 
-unfrequented place; for though it is 
iifually faid, that the woods and moun- 
tains abound with fliepherds, who (ing 
nioft inchantingly, that report is rather 
the fi&ion of poets than the voice of 
4ruth: betides, the verfes which they 
lieard were not compofed in the ruflick 
phrafe of clowns, but in a polite and 
-courtly ftrain ; as may be perceived by 
the fong itfeif^ which follows : 


Ah ! what infpires my woeful ftrain > 

Unkind difdain i 

Jih ! what augments niy mifery ? 

Fell jealousy ! 

Or fay, what hath nay patience worn? 

An abfent lover's fcorn* 

The torments, then, that I endure^ 

tN>D moital remedy can cure : 

For every laneiild hope is ilaln, 

hf abfence, jealoufy, difdain! 


I^rom Love, my unrelenting foe, 

Thefe farrows flow ! 
My infant glory^s overthrown. 

By Fortune's frown j 
ConfirmM in this my wretched ftate. 

By the decrees of Fate. 
In Death alone I hope releafe 
From this compounded, dire difeafej 
Whofc cruel mngs to aggravate, 
Fprtu^f and tovt coofpit* mt^ Fate 1 


Ah, what will mitigate my doom ? 

I'he filent tomb ! 
Ah ! what retrieve departed joy? 

Or fay, can aught but frenzy, bear 
This tcmpeft of dcfpair ? 
Ail other efforts, then, are vain, 
To cure this foul-tormenting pain| ' 
That owns no other remedy 
Than madnefs, death, inconftancy* 

The hour, the feafon, and the folitude, 
confpired with the agreeable voice of the 
finger, to increafe the wonder and fatis- 
fa^ion of the hearei-s, who liftened for 
fome time in expectation of fomething 
elfe; but the dlence having continued 
a good while, they refolved to go in quell 
otthe perfon who fang fo inchant- 
ingly, and weiip juft going to fet out on 
this defign, ii^ien they were arretted by 
the fame voice, which again faluted their 
ears with this other fong : 


O facr«d Friendfliip! mild and gay. 

Who to the regions of the blei's'd • < 

Hath foar'd, and left mankind a prey 
To fraud, in thy refemblance drefs'd: 


Aufpicious hear, and hither fend 
Thy fifter Truth, with radiant eyes. 

To brand th« falfe profefllng friend, 
Deteded in the fair difguift* 


• • * 

Or come thyfelf, and re-infpire 
The purpofe candid and humane ; 

£]fe Peace and Order will retire, 
While Horror and Confufiou reign« 

This fonnet was concluded with a moft 
profound figh, and the curate and bar- 
ber began again to litten for more ; but, " 
finding the mufick converted intomoum- 
ful fobs and iaterjeflions, they were de- 
termined to know who this melancholy 
perfon was, who fung fo well, ana 
groaned Co piteoufly. They had not 
gone many paces with this intent, when 
turning the point of a rock, they per- 
ceived a man of the fame make and ap- 
pearance that Sancho defcribed, when 
he related the ftory of Cardenio : he did ' 
not feem furprized at fight of them, but ' 
flood with his head reclining upon his ' 
bread, in a very pen five poflure, with- 
out lifting his eyes to look at Aem, 
after their firft fudden appearance. The 

T z curatCf 


contCs wlio wM a well-fpoken many 
concluding^ from the defcriptionv that 
thif muft be he whofe misfortune ht had 
been apprized of, vvent up, and in a 
ihort, but pathetick addrefs, exhorted 
and entreated him to quit that mifera- 
ble courfe of life, which was the great- 
eft of all misfortunes, and altogethier 
perverted the end of his being. Car- 
denio being at that time in one of his 
lucid intervals, entirely free of that fran- 
tick paroxifm which ufed (6 utterly to 
deprive him of his fenfes, and Toeing 
two people fo differently drefled from 
thofe he commonly met with in that ib- 
litude, could not help being fomewhat 
furprized) efpecially, when he heard 
him talk of his misfoitune as a cir- 
cumftance with which they were well 
acquainted i for the curate had men* 
tjoned it in the courfe of his exooftula- 
tion : and therefore he anrwerca in this 
manner: * I plainly i^rceive, gentle- 

* men, that Heaven, which is careful ' 

* in fuccouring the good, and fome- 

< times even the bad, hath fcnt, though 

* 1 little deferve fuch favour and con- 
^ defcenfion, divers people into this un- 
' frequented folitude, fo remote front 

* all commerce and fociety, in order to 
^ convince me by jull and various ar- 

* guments, how unreafonable I a6l in 

* leading this kind of life, which they 
*.have endeavoured to make me ei^. 

* change for a better | and, as tiiey 
^ know not the r^afons I have to think 

* that, in quitting this fituatfon, I (hall 

* be plunged into a wprfe; they have 

* perhaps looked upon me as a perfon of 
^ very ftiallow undirftandrng, or, which 

< is. ftill a con]e^ttre more unfavour- 

* able, a downright madman 1 andtiu- 

* ]y, it is not to be wondered at, if 
*■ thai was really the caTef for I <^an 

< eaHly conceive that my misfortunes 
« operate ib intenfely upon my imagi- 

* nation, and impair my faculties fo 

* much, that fonMtimes, in fpite of 

* all my endeavours to th^ contrary, I 
« becoQse, like that rock* void of all 

* ientimen^ and knowled^j and am 
^ convinced of my infirmity too late, 

* when people (hew am the marks of 

* what I have done, lyhile { was un- 

< der the in^uence of that ternl>lf tranf- 

* port.} theni all that | can do* is to 

< bewail my difteniperj cor(e my lot in 
f yain^ and, inexQ\tik of my madnefii^ 

relate my fuffertngs to all who exprels 
the leaft defu't of hearing them$ that 
thofe of founder judgment, knowing 
the caufe, may not wonder at the ef- 
fe£^s ; and if they cannot prevent, at 
lealt pardon my frenzy j converting 
their indignation at my extravs^ance 
mto conipaflion for my woes ; and if 
you, gentlemen, are come with that 
intention, which hath brought others 
to this place, . before you proceed with 
your prudent admonitions, I intreax 
you to hear the detail of my misfor- 
tunes, which you do not yet l&now^ 
and then, perhaps, you will fav9 
yourfelves the trouble which you 
might otherwiie take, in confoling am 
affli^ion (hat adn|iu of no cojafbia- 

The two friends, who deiired nothing 
elfe than to hear from his own mouth 
the caufe of his misfortune, earneftly 
begged he would recount it, and pn>- 
mifed to attempt nothing contrary to bis 
own inclination in the way of reuiedy 
or comfort. Thus aflured, the melan- 
choly gentleman began his diftrefsful. 
ftory, nearly in the fame words and cir- 
cumilances which he had uff;d a iew 
days before, to Don Quixofe and the 
goatherd, when he was interrupted in 
the affair of Mr. Elifabat, by the 
knight's pun^uality in a^ferting the 
decorum oJF chivalry, as the parttcular^i 
of that quarrel have bjsen already filiat- 
ed: but now he remained foituaat^y 
frte from his paroxifm, and of coa- 
iequence, had time to finifh the nar- 
ration, whi<;h was imperfe6l before. 
When he therefore came to the circum- 
fiances of the letter which Don f)ar» 
nando had found between the leaves of 
Amadis de Gaul*, he (aid he remem- 
bered the contents, and accordingly re* 
peated them in thefts terms. 


^^ T Every day difcover new qualities in 
•■• ** Cardpiiio, which oblige and com- 
*' pel me to efteem him the more. If 
** you are inclined to extricate me out of 
** all fufpence, you may efi^6hiateyour 
«< purpole, without the Jeaft prejudice ta 
** my honour 5 for iny father, who is 
^* well acquainted with your virtues^ 
** loves me dearly, and far from tyran* 
<* nizingovermy aifeflioas, will cQear<i 

1 ■ 

f Thttf U so fa«h letter neAtioned in his coaverAtion witli Ooa Quixote. 




fuHy grant that which is fo juftly your 
due, if your paflion is fuch as I wifli 
and believe it to be/* 

^ I refolved, as I have already told 
youy to demand Lucinda in marriage, 
upon tlftB receipt of this, letter, which 
not only confirmed Don Fernando's 
highopioioD of her prudence and vir- 
tue» but alio inflamed him with the 
defire of ruining my hopes, before I 
ihoiiikl be able to bring them to matu- 
rity. I told this faithlei's friend, Lu- 
cinda*s father expe^ed that mine 
Ihouki propofe the match; and that 
I durft not communicate my defire to 
him, left he (hovld refuiie to comply 
with it : not that he was ignorant of 
Lucinda*! raoky virtue, beauty, and 
quaHficattons, which were fufhcient 
to ennobk any other family in Spain; 
but« becaufe I under(tood he was 
averfe to my being married, until he 
(hould 6e what Duke Ricardo would 
do in my behalf; in ihort> I told him • 
that I would not venture to propofe it, 
being afraid not only of this ill con- 
fejuence, but alfo of many others 
.which I could not forefee;. although I 
had a ftroog impreffion upon my 
mind, that my wilhes would never 
becomplratiBd. In anfwer to this de- 
clacatjoa, Pon Fernando undertook 
to manage the affair, and prevail upon 
my fath^ to proppfe the match to l^u- 
cinda'a parents.-'-^^O villain ! more 
ambitioua than Marius, more cruel 
thanCatiiine^ more favage than Sylla, 
inore fraudulent than GaJalon, moie 
treachax>us thanyellido*,more venge- 
ful than. Julian, and more covetous 
than JudEasl cruel; falfe, vindictive 
teaitor I what injuries hadft thou fuf- 
fered from this £por credulous wretch, 
wb^ with fuch confidence difclofed to 
thee the mofi fepret recefies of his foul ! 
What' offence had he given } what 
words had he uttered, or what ad- 
vice had' he o^ered, that did not di- 
teSkly tend to thy honour and advan- 
* tage?—- — But, unhappy that I am ! 
wherefore flionld I co(nplain ? feeing 
it is a thing certain, that when once 
the tide of misfortune, heaped up by 
«ft«'js Qoalignant ^ars, begins to de- 
fcend with vioknce and fury, noeaeth- 
f iy mound ^an oppofe^ nor human hi- 

■ duflry divert it*s courle. Who could 
' imagine, that fuch an illufbrious, ac- 

* compUihed youngr gentleman, as Don 

< Fernando, who ky under obligations 
' for the fervices I had done him, and 

* was powerful enough to obtain the 
' gratification of his wiih, whitherfo- 
' ever hi$ amorous inclination pointed, 

* (bouid plague himfelf, as I may 

* lay, in attempts to rob me of my 

* fingle lamb, even beiWe I had po^ef- 

* fed it? 

< But, let us lay afide thefe vain and 
' unprofitable refle6lions,,and rejoin the 

* broken thread of my unfoitunate Ho- 

* ry. Well, then, Don Fernando^ per- > 

* ceiving that my prefence would be an 

* ob(lru6lion to the execution of his 

* falfe and perfidious dtfign, refolved • 

* to fend me back to his elder brother, 
^ on pretence of getting money to pay 

* for fix horfes, which he purpofely 
' bought that very day he undertook to 
' fpeak to my father, in order to have 

< an excufe for fending mc away, that 

* he might, in my abfence, the more 

* eafily fucceed in his villainous inteu- 

* .tion- Was it pofiible for me to.pre- 

* vent this treachery, or indeed conceive 

* his defign! No, furely. On the con- 
*' trary, I offered, with the utmoii ala- « 

* crity, to fet out forthwith, fo pleafed 

* was I with the purchafe he had made. 
' That very night I had a private con- 

< veifation with Lucinda, in which I 

* told her the fcheme I bad conc^jMui 

* vv^ith Don Fernando, and bade her reft 
' afiured in^the hope that our jufi and-* 

* honourable defires would foon be gm- 

< tified. She, as little fufpicious of 

< Don Femando's perfidy as 1 was, en- 
' treated me to return with fpeed, be* 

' * lieving that our wishes wouM be com- 

* pleated,. a« ibon as my father ihould - 

* mention the affair to her's. 2 don't 

< know upon what account, her eyes 

< were filled with tfsrs when (he pro- 

* nounced the& woids ; and fom^hipg ■ 

* that feemed to fweU in her throat, 

* prevented her from uttering another 
' fy liable, though (he looked a9 if (lie 
' bad fomething moK to fay. I was 

< confounded at this, .new ctrcumftanc^, 

* which had never happened before : in 

* ail our ibrmer cdnverfations, vi4iich 
^ my good fortune offered ,- or my dilt- 

* genee effie6led, theiie had been nothing 

* Who xnujcdeied Sancho 1* kin^of Ca^lle^ while he w^/ engaged in the fiege of Za- 
mora* '^ - , 



but joy and fatUfaAioiif without any 
mixture of tears, ' fighs, jealoufy, 
dread I or fuipicion } all my dircourfe 
ufed to confift of acknowledgments 
to Heaven, for having beftowed upon 
me fuch a miftrefs, whofe beauty I 
extolled, and whofe virtue and good 
fenfe I admired { while (he returned 
the compliment, by praiiing thofe 
qualities in me, which flie, in the 
partiality of her fondncft, deemed 
worthy of applaufe j befides, we 
ufcd to entertain each other with ^n 
account of a thoufand trifling ac- 
cidents that happened among our 
neighbours and acquaintance: and 
the heighth of my vivacity never 
amounted to more than the feizing of 
one of her delicate white hands, and 
prefling it to my lips, through the 
narrow diftance betwixt the rails that 
divided us. But, on that night, 
which preceded the fatal day of my 
departure, /he wept, fighed, and fob* 
bed, and left me flUed with confu- 
(ion and furprize, and terrified at fuch 
unufual and melancholy marks of 

fief and affliction in my Lucinda. 
ut.-I was flattered by my hopes, 
which afcribed the whole to the 
ftrength of her paflion, and that for- 
row which is commonly produced by 
the abfence of a beloved objeCi. In 
fine, I fet out, penGve and fad, my 
imagination tortured with fufpicions 
and doubts, which my reflection 
could neither digeft nor explain ; a 
fure prefage of the melancholy fate 
that awaited me. 

* I arrived at the place of my defti- 
nation, and delivered my. letters to 
Don Femando's brother, who re- 
ceived me kindly s but, far from dif- 
patching me immediately, defired me, 
to my infinite regret, to wait eight 
whole days in a place where his fa- 
ther fliould not lee me, becaufe his 
brother had writ to him to fend the 
money without the knowledge of the 
duke. But this was altogether an 
invention of the falfe Fernando, whofe 
brother had money enough, and could 
have fent me back the very lame day 

« on which I arrived. This was Aii^ 
' an order as I was fcarce able to obcy^ 

* for I thought it impolTible to fupport 

* life for Co many days in theabfence of 
« Lucinda, confidering the forrow in 

* which I had left her. Yet, notwith- 

* ftandiri^, I lelolved to do my duty 

* like a faithful feivant, though I very 

* well forei'aw that my obedience muft 

* be at the expence of my peace. Four 

* days of the eight were not yet elapf- 

* ed, when a man came in fearch o£ 

* me, and gave me a letter, the fuper- 
' fcription of which I no fooner beheld, 

* than I knew it to be written by Lu- 
' cinda's own hand. I opened it ^irth 

< fear and trembling, believing that- 

* there muft be fomethjng very extraor- 
' dinary in the cafe, which induced her 

* to write to me in my abfence; conii* 

* dering that while I was prefent, (he 

* had been fo fparing of her pen*^« 
' But, before I read afyllable, I aiked 
' the melTenger, who had put it into his 

* hands, and how long he had been upon 

* his joumevf He anfwered, that paff^ 

* ing through a certain flreet,about hooq, 

* he was flipped by a very beautsful 

< young lady, who called to him ffon^ 

< a window, faying, with great eameit> 

* neis, while the tears trickled fronci 

* her eyes, «* Brother, if you are a 
*< Chriftian, as you feem to. be,, I en- 
** treat you, tor God*s fake, taqsirry 
'* this letter to the place and periba ior 
'< whom it is directed; they are both 
*' well known ; and in to doing, you 
" will render a piece of fervice accept-. 
'* able to the Lord. That you may 
^* not want conveniencies upon the 
**• road, here is femething to defray 
'* the expence of your journey." So 
*' faying, (he threw down a handker- 
'< chief, in which were tied a hundred 
'' rials, this gold ring, and the letter I 
** have delivered. Then, without wait- 
** ing for a reply, flie went from the 
*^ window, after having; feen me take ' 
** up the handkerchief and the letter, * 
'* and make Tigns that I would do as 
'* (he deiired. Accordingly, finding 
" myfelf fo well paid for the trouble I ' 
*' ihould be at, and feeing, by the di- 

• The original puet prejente poeat vexet h baxia, fignifies, < Since while I was prefent 
< (he did it very feldom.* This at firft fight appears a folecifm, and the petulant critick 
will exclaim, • What occafion had (he to write to her lovtr who was prefent, -uole£ti2ie 
* had loft the faculty of fpecch V But the feeming abfurdity will vaniih,when we refleft 
that by prefent, he means, in rfie fame city with his miftrefs j to whom, however, accord-' 
ing to the cuftom of Spain, h^^^had little or no accefs but by a literary correfpondence. 

« reaio» 



** re£lioB, tliat you was the perfon to 
*' vhom it was fent, (and I know you 
•* perfe^y well;) induced, moreover, 
«• by the tears of that beautiful youpg 
«* l3<fy» I rcfolved to truft no other 
*' meuenger, but come and deliver it 
** with my own hand ; anfl, in fixteen 
«* hours, which are paft fince I recciv- 
** ed it, I have travelled to this place, 
** which, as you know^ is about eighteen 
<* leagues from our town." While 

* I Hftened attentively to the informa- 

< tion of this grateful and extraordinary 

< courier, my legs ihook under me in 

* fuch a manner, that I could fcarce 

* ftand upright. At length, however, 
« I ventured to read the letter, which 
' contained thefe words. 

«* np HE promife which Don Fernan- 
-*- *• do made, to prevail upou your 
** father to propofe a match to mine, 
** hath been performed more to his 
** inclination than your , advantage. 
** Know, Cardenio, that your pre- 
*^ tended friend aflced me in marriage 
•* for himfelf ; and my father, fwaycd 
*f by the advantage which he thinks 
** Don Fernando has over you in point 
•* of fortune, hath given his confent fo 
** much in earned, that two days hence 
*' the nuptials are to be celebrated fo 
** privately, that none but Heaven, and 
** fome people in the family, are to be 
** prefent at the marriage. My fitu- 
•* ation you may guei's. If it be in 
•* your power, return with all Ipced, 
** and the event of this affair will (hew 
•* whether I love you tenderly or not. 
«* Heaven grant that this may come to 
" your hand,, before mine (hall be pre- 
** Tented to hira who fo ill performs the 
" duty of a friend!" 

• This, which was the fum of what 

* the letter contained, made me fet out 

* immediately, without waiting for any 

* anfwer, or the money for which I had 

* come. For, by that time, I plainly 

* perceived that it was not the purchafe 
« of thehorfes, but his own treacherous 

* intention^ which had induced Don 

< Fernando to fend me out of the way. 
« The indignation I conceived againft 

* him, together with the fear' of loling 
« the jewel which I had acquired, and 
« treafured up with fuch unwearied ier- 

< vices and care, added wings to my 

* fpeedy and conveyed me to the place 

* of my habitation J judatthe hour and 

^ minute proper for my goin'g to vifit 

* Lucinda. I entered the town privately, 

* and leaving my mule at the houfe of 
' the honeft man who brought the let- 
' ter, I went to the rail, which was the 

* conftant witnefs of our love, and there 
' was fo far favoured by fortune as to 

* find Lucinda.— We knew each other 

* prefentlyj though not as we ought to 

* hare known each other. But, who 

* is he who can arrogate praife to him- 

* felf, for having fathomed and difcern- 
'* ed the capricious fentiments and 

* fickle difpofition of woman ? Surely 

* no man on earth.— But this apart. 

* Lucinda perceiving mey ** Carde- 
** nio," faid (he, " I am now in my 
<< bridal drefs, and this moment ex- 
** pe6led in the hall by the traitor Don 
" Fernando, my covetous father, and 
" (bme other people, who (hall bear 
" witnefs to my death (boner than to 
^* my marriage. Be not confounded, 
** my friend, but endeavour to be prer 
" fent at the facrifice, which, if I can- 
*• not prevent by my declaration, I 
** wear a dagger concealed, which can 
** obfti*u£la more vigorous dfctermina- 
" tion J and, by putting an end to my 
*• life, begin to convince thee of the 
** fincere pafTion I have always enter- 
** tained, and (lill retain for my Car- 
*' denio." Afraid I (hould want time 

* to anfwer her, I replied with great 

* hurry and confufion, •* Let your 
" words be verified by your deeds, Ma- 
** dam. If you have a dagger to affert 
•• your love, I wear a fword to defend 
'• it 5 or, (hould fortune prove our foe, 
" to rid myfelf of life." I believe (he 
< did not hear all that I faid, becaufe 

* (lie was called away in a hurry, to the 

* bridegroom, who waited for her. 

* Thus deepened the night of my 
' diftrefs ; thus fet the fun of my hap- 

* pinefs ! I remained without light" to 

* my eyes, or reffe6lion to my mind, 

* for fome time; I could neither refolve 

* to enter her father's houfe, nor re- 

* move to any other place 5 at length, 

* however, confidering of what confe- 

* quence my prefence might be, in cafe 

* any thing extraordinary (hould hap- 

* pen, I recoUefled myfelf, as weH'aa 

* I could, and went in, without being 

* perceived, as I was well acquainted 

* with all tlie paffages and corners of 
' the hdufe, and was favoured by ths 

* confu(ion which then prevailed in it 

* on account of the nuptials. Thus 

* entering) 



bow (juiafoTB, 




* entering, unleen, I found meant to 

< conceal myfelf in the hollow of a 

< window in the hall, that was corered 
■ « by the meeting of two pieces of ta- 

« peftry, from behind which I could, 
« without being perceived, obferve eve* 

< ry thing that happehed. 

* How ftiall I dcrciibethethrobbings 

* and fialpitatjons of my heart, the 

* images that occurred to my fancy, 

< the reflections that I made while I re- 

* mained in that iltuation ! they were 

< fuch as I neither can nor ought to de- 

* fcribe. Let it fufEce to fay, the bride- 

* gi'opra came into the hall, without 
^ any other ornaments than his ufual 
« drefs, attended by a firft couiin of 
' Lucinda, in quality of bridefman, no 
« other perfon being prefcnt, except 
« ibme fervants of the family. A lit- 

* tie while after Lucinda came in from 

< her clofet, accompanied by her mo- 

* ther and two waiting-women ; and as 

* richly dreifed and adorned as her rank 

* and beauty defcryed, or as the per- 
« fe£lion ofgaiety and gallantry could 

* invent. The fufpence and tranfport 

< of my foul would not allow me to ob- 
« ferve and mark the particulars of her 

* drefs ; I could only take notice of the 
« colours, which were carnation apd 

< white s and the blaze of jewels that 
« adorned her, which was even excelled 
« by the (ingular beauty of her golden 

* Jocks, that ftruck the eye with more 

* fplendor than all the precious ftones, 

* together with the light of four torches 
« that burned in the hall. — O memory! 

* thou mortal enemy of my repofel to 
« what purpofe doft thou now reprefent 
« to my fancy the unparalleled beauty . 
« of that adorable foe? Cruel remem- 
« brance ! rather recal to my view the 
' particulars of what then happened, 

* ihat, hncenfed by fuch a manifcft in- 
« jury, I may take vengeance, if not 
« upon her, at leaft upon my o^jm life. 

•« Btit you, gentlemen, muft be tired 

< with thefe digreifions; though my 

* misfortune is fuch as neither can, nor 

* ought to be fuperficially or fuccinQly 
•'related J becaufe every circumftance, 

* in my opinion, requires a full dif- 

* Cuflitin.' The curate anfwered, that 
fat' from being tired, they were very 
much entertained by thofe minute par- 
titulars, which he thought deferved as 
much attention as tbe firincipal events 
of the ftory. 

* I. fey, then,'- rcfumed Cardenio, 

* that die parties beins; aflembfed In tht 

< hall, the curate of £e pariih entered, 
« and taking them both by the hands, in 

* order to perform his funfUon, he faid, 
" Madam Lucfnda„are you witling to 
♦* take Don Fernando here prefent for 
•* your lawful fpoufe» as holy mother 
** church ordains r* At this queflion, I 

* thruft out my whole head and neck 

* from behind the tapeftry, and, with 
' the utmoft attention and diforder of 
' foul, liftenedto Lucinda*s anlwer, 

* which I expeCbed, as either the fen- 

* tence of my death or confirmation 
' of ray life.*-0 that I had boldly ad- 

* vanced, and called aloud, " Ah Lii- 
** cinda! Lucinda! take care what you 
<* do; refle6l upon your duty to me, 
'* remember you are mine, and can ne- 
" ver belong to any other huiband. 
** Coniider, that my life muil end the 
** moment you anfwer yes.— Ha ! trea- 
*' cherous Don Fernando! robber of 
«* my glory ! death of my life ! what 
" are thy intentions! What wouldft 
" thou have! remember that, as a Chrif- 
" tian, thou can ft not fulfil thy de- 
** fires ; for I am Lucinda*i huiband^ 
** and (he is my lawful wife !*'— Fool 

* that I am ! now, when I am ab(ent» 

< and far removed from the dangler,. I 

* c^ refie6l Upon what I ought to have 

* done. Now that I am robbed of all 

* that was dear to my foul ! accur{ed 

* be the robber, on vvhom I might have 

< taken vengeance, had my heaH fup« 

* plied me with courage, as it now af- 

< fords inclination to cbmplaili. In 

< fine, as I ^th^n a£led like a booby 

* and a coward, it is but reafonable 

< that I ihould now die of madndfs, 

* forrow, and ihame. The prieflf wait* 

< ed for the reply of Lucmda, who 

< declined it a good while; and when 1 

* expelled ihe would eith^ unlheath 
' her dagger to vindicate h^r love, cm* 
' ploy her tongue in the cauie of truth, 

* or utter fome ingenious fraud that 

< (hould tend to my adVaiOagfe, I heard 
' her pronounce with a weak and faul* 

< tering voice. **. Yes, I vfill,*^ Don 

* Fernando repeated the (ame words, 

< and the ring being ptit upon her fin- 

* ger, they were united in the indittb- 

* luble bond of marriage ; then he em- 
' braced his new- married (poufe, who, 

* laying he)* hand on her heart, fainted 

* away in the arms' of her mother. It 

* now remains to defcribe my own fi- 

* tuation, when- 1 heard and faw my 

< Jiopct 



^ fiopesiKiis.^ffictlbjLudiuia^sVraeh' 
^ of profiiift.} and tomid ni|rlelf ren^ 
^ da^ incapable of nrer retneving the 
' faappiners I had ^tat inftaht loft. T 
' remathtel witfaoot (enie or reflefiion,' 

* abftodoned, as I thought^ by Heaveti,- 
' and a declared enemy tfo that earth on* 
' whithIrliyed.Theairrefufed breath' 
' fbrnrjr figte» the water denied moif-' 
' tuie for. my tears, fite^alon^ increaftd- 
' within me, to fuch a degree, that I' 
' «ms fcorched with jealonly and rage ! 
^- I«uctnda*s iWeoning threw the wl^ole 

* conofpany into confufion, and her mo- 

* ther opening her hreaft to give her 

* air, found in it a folded paper, which 

< JDon Fernando taking, rnd by the 

* lif^tof one of the torches, and then 

* fat down in a chair, and leaned one 

* fide of his head vpon his hand, in a' 
^ penfive attitude, without minding the 
^ remedies they were applying for the 

* ncoYtry of his fpoufe. 

< if leeing the whole family in con* 

* fulion, ventured to come out, coft 

< what it would s revolving, (hould I 

* be &en, to do fome defperate a^on 

* that would convince the whole world 

* of mv }uft indignation, in chaftifing 

< the falfe Don Fernando, and the fickle, 

* fainting trattrefs. Bot fate, that re- 
.* Iervedme,-tf pojQible, for greater mis* 
«. fortunes, ordained that I fhoold thai 
' abound in jvfledion,. which hathfince 

* failed mef and xeTolve rather than take 

* vengeance upon my greateft enemies, 
' who,' as they had no fufpicion of me, 

* weie4hen at my .mercy, to turn upon 

* mylelf that refentment which they £o 
' juftly deicrved to feel $ and, perhaps, 
' with more rigour than I fliould have 
^ exerci&d upon them,, had I at that 
f time £K;riiiced them to my rage, be- 
^ eaulefodden death is infinitely more 

* eafy than that which is lengthened 
' out by lingering torments. In ihort, 

* I quitted die houfe, and went to the 

* place where I had left my mule, 
^ which being faddled, I mounted her, 
' and without taking leave of my hoft, 

< (allied outof town, dreading, like ano - 
'. ther X*ot, to kx>k behind me. When 

* I found myfelf alpne in the Qotn field, 

* ihrouded by the darknefs of the night, 

< and invited by thp filence to complain, 

* without caution or fear of being over- 

* heard or known» I raifed my voice, 

* and gave a looih to Jiny indignaUoh,- 
' in venting curfos upon Lucinda and 

* Pon Ftrnaildot as if thofe vaia CK«.. 

* cfamations eobid have aftned 

* iajufytheyhad'doflejne. Ibeftowtd* 
^ upon her the epithets of cruel, falie^ 
^ perfidious, and unjpratefut; but, aboTO« 
*■ ail, avaricious) mice the wealth oi^ 

* my rival had (hut the eyes of her love^ 

* detached her from me, and fwayed- 
' her inclination towards h^ to whom' 

* fortune had Ihewn herfelf 4|re kind 

* andliberal. Yet, in themidftoftheie* 
*' reproaches and invectives, I could not' 
' help excufin^ her, obferving, it waa- 

< no wonder, that a damiel edbcated- 

* under reftraint, in the houfe of her' 

* parents, bred up, and always accuA* 

* tomed to obey them, fiioold compl/ 

* wi^ their will and pleafure, in marw 

* rX'i'S ^ young gentleman of fuch 

* wealth, rank, and qualifications, that* 

< her refofal might have been thought 

* to proceed eithier from want of fenfe* • 
' or a pafiton for fome other man, which' 

* would have been a fufpicion equally 

* prejudicial to her virtue and reputa** 

* tion s then I argued on the other fide 

< of the queftionj fsyins, had (he own- 

* ed that I was her huwand, her pa- 

* rents would have feen ihe had not 

* committed an unpardonable crime ia' 

* making fuch a choice } fince, before 

* the oiler of Don Femando,^ they tbem-r 

< felves could not have defired, had 

* their defires been bounded by reafon, 

* a better match than me for their daugh* 

* ter) and con(oquently, before ihe com* 

* plied with that compulfive injunction 

* of giving her hand to another, ihe 

* might have told the^, that (he had al** 

* ready given it to me | in which cafe, X 

* would have appeared and confirmed 

* the truth of every thirftar ihe ihould 

* have feigned for the occauon j in fine.- 

* I cond uded , that fuperfitiial love, ilen^ 

< dcr underftanding, vafl ambition, and 

* thiril after grandeur, had obliterated- 

< in her memory thofe profeifions bf^ 

* which I had been deceived, cheriih- 

* ed, and fupported, in the unihaken' 

* hope of my honourable defires. 

.* In this exclamation and anxiety I 

* travelled all night | and in the mom* 

< ing found myfelf in one of the paC-t 

* fages to this mountain, in which I^ 

* proceeded three days more, without 

* nigh-road, or bye-path, till I flopped 
< . at a fmall meadow,r that lies either on 

* the right or left 0f thefe rocks ; there 
' I enquired of ictee goatherds whece- 

< abouts the moft craflny part of the 

< Biottntaia i$$»i and. according tp 

y Mhfgt 



< MviBf to pot an and to my Ufe.« 
«• Wkea I amwd UKmg thoft lanec^ 
« rodcsy my molo fisU dowa defid 06 
^ wtarHMTft and hiuiecri or» 10 Im- 

< tlHr beKove^ to aiMcnnbtar hcrftlf 
•» of ibch auiUtft load at ^mr binr- 
« dMod.lieri aad- I nmaiadl oa foot,- 
« quite %mt and famttiad, ^wilfaoiit 
<- halving or defiriog any (uniart. In 
« Ais fituation, I know not now long I 

* contkiutd ftrdcbed vc^oa flie gfoond : 

* Wutv atlcngth^I gotop wkbootfeal. 

* ing amy aA t Sngit oi hungWt and found- 
«- myfcif in tho midib of Aiiie (bap- 

* badly whoy 4«Bbde£i, had ^eUevid* 

< my necdfity. Indeod, thay told me in 

* what condition I had baen found>' nt- 
«: taring fuch inodiarait and' eietiaiva- 
<'ga»t expicfiion«» as ckarly damod- 
•' iiated that I had loft my 6»6f •- 
«< Sinee that time, I hava nequandy 
«* ptrcaivad my intallcdt fo craay and 
«' miioankly that 1 porfoim a thmifand- 
«t mada^onty mamig mf otoatht, bcl- 
*< lowing thibugh thela mifiiBqucnted' 
' rincea, cnrfing my Cite, andr^^dng 
<■ m vain tiie belovod name of my fair 

< enemy, wdthout nny eonaedod Ten- 
*■ tenets, or Indeed any other inteat 
*• than that of putting an end to my 
*. life by vioknt outcneB ^ and when I* 

< recover the nfe of my ftnfttt I find^ 
<• myfelf fo weak ami exhastfted, that I- 
*' icarce can move. My ofoal habita- 
<- tion ie the hollow of a cork»tree, large 
•: enough to contain this miicrable car- 

< cale^ the cow and goatheida who 

< fipequentthefemQOBtai&s, maintain me 
*' out of charity y by leaving- food upon 
<.the road, or roc|», on which they 
'« think X may chance, to lind it $ and** 
*- even, while .1 am deprived- of my un - 

* derftanding, natural mftin£l teachee 
<.mefeo ^in^uifli thia ncceffar]^ nou- 
*' rifltment, awakening my ^ppctite aac!^ 

* deftre of (eixinff it m my ult. They 
'itell me,{ too, when they meet with me 

* in one of my. lucid interyab, that at* 
«' other times, I ifoliy out upon the high - 
<« way^ and take, it by ferco from ther 
<• ikephercfe, as ihev .are bnngfng it 

< from their cats, aitoongh they mer it 

of tftaur oavik ilnokfl* Ih Qnir 

ner I land my w orfid 

liii^ mmi Heaven teU be pleiftd to^ 

put a: period to iD, org8yeaae yu4,u' 

to fiorgct the beauqr mid' Mfaood oF 

Lncinday together vilith the wMmg- ^ 

lunm funercd from Dm Fernamdhn* 

If this ihatt happen belbre I die, nay 

intelle&t wiii refurn into Ihfir ri^t 

channel f ooRfwiie tner^ is m>tMiig[ 

to be done, but to fupplicale Henirert 

to have mercy ear my fdnl j for I imd 

I harve neither vtrtie nor ibengdi^ to 

extricate myfelf out of thssfrnfearitr' 

iikto which I was vofontafUy phinMd« 

^ This, g ^ Hle m ch yia the-bilttr ffory 

of my nMsfortimes tell me, if ^oii 

think it could haiae been rebeaidiKf 

veith leffr conoernt thui I hav^efttwn | 

and pray give yonriehes no trouMe 

in onomig to aae Aich perfimfiooa anif 

advice, as yoor reafim ptompta yo»to' 

think will do me ft^vicof for thiey 6aui' 

have no other eifcS^upon me^ than ilhe 

prefcription of a celeheated phyMui, 

upon a patient who< wil( nofe meeive 

it* I will have m> health vsMioat 

' Lucinda } and finoe te wlm is, or 

ovt<ht to be mine, hath^tta^h^ hnr- 

fm to anodier, 1, vrho might hive' 

been the child of happineA^ am wuktr' 

thn willing votary w woe* Ste^ by 

> her moenibineyv ivMmtn to £^ avf peir- 

difion, and' I vrekome st^ in onli^ ta' 

gratify her defile, and be sorexam]^ 

to.poierity, of erne whawmMed that 

coMolaeioB, which ahnoft all the 

wntohed nfe i rnrnidy, the i inpoi i* 

<• bitity of receiving co in f er t ^ a ocnfi- 

clprationt diet inoreaiba my miftry^ 

whidh, i.feary will mn end enm wkh' 


Thus did Caidcnio ^nd up die luig' 
thread of his amorooa and wwi^rtuim 
ftoryyand }uil as tfaecumm:vms a/bout to* 

£'ve hint hi s baft advice and4malblalioii, 
r was pr evi ti ne d by a voieetbatialBtBd 
hia ears^ and. in monrnfulr aeoentS' pip* 
nounced what will be rebi^aaftd us the 
fourth book of diis iianrationv for,' in 
this place, the thttd is oenahided Jbj thc^ 
fiigie and attentive hiAoi^a» C&d iUrne^ 

£Hi> OF TH£ tlK%T ¥OI.UIiB» 


®4^^4-♦'«>«■*4^^-^jHf^*^^^H^'^^ <C 

• « 




T H B 

A- T G H I E V E M E N f 4 

\ 9^ ^"^ SAG* AXM VA4.iAN.T 

BON Q U I X t E 


» . . . . * 


VOLVME ]>l. 

C H A t. I. 

"01^ Tfte tIEW AND AGItSeAfiLB AD- 


HRICC happy and for- 
ttmate was that age which 
produced the moft auda* 
' ^ ^ dotis kntght 0on Q^jx- 

'^*ij^/*N^^ pte dc la Mancha, in con- 
fequence of whofe honour- 
able refolution to reftore and revive the 
loft; and, as it wers, buried order of 
'knight-errantryy we of thefe times, 
bfuren and unfruitful of fprightly 
suBufements, enjoy the agreeable enter- 
tainment, not only of hi$ own true and 
deUghtfui adventures, but alio the in- 
tervening^ epifodes, which are no lefs 
real, artful, and delicious, than the 
main hiftory iticlf, the twit^d, reeled, 
and ravelled thread of which is conti- 
aued thust 

Juft as the curatcf was ready to offer 
Ibme confolation to Caxdenio, he was 
prevented by a voice that iaiuted his 
ears In thefe mournful accents , * Woukl 

* to God ! 1 could find a place to ferve 

* as a private tomb for this wearifon^e 
' burden of life, which I bear fo miich 
' againft my inclination 1 this very fpdt 

< viU ^[ela vofi what I a0^ if | can 

truft the folitary appearance of thefe 
mountains.^ , ALm ! how muqh more 
agreeable is the company of theife 
rqcks and thickets, which gijre me op- 
portunities of complaining to Heaveo, 
than that of faithlefs man! fmce na- 
ture hath not created one of whom I 
could reafonably expeft advice in dif- 
ficulty, comfort in affli6^ion, , qr x^- 
medy in diftrefs j* ' ' " 

This exclamation was, diftln£ll7>ver- 
heard by the prieft and his con^xmvy 
who, concludmg that the perfon who 
' ftoke raufl be hard by, arofe to mal^e 
farther enquiry, anf) had not gone twenty 
paces, when behind the fragment of a 
Pock they perceived a boy fitting under 
an afh-tree, in the habit of a peafant, 
whole face, as he looped, in order to 
wafh his feet in a brook that murmured 
bjr him, they could not then furvej. 
Their approach they managed with fott- 
rjefs and filence, .while his whole atten- 
tion was employed in bathing his legs, 
that feemed two chryftal pillars, whiqh 
had been produced among the pebbles 
in the rill. They were furpriied at the 
whitenefs and b'eaiity of his feet, whjSi 
.they could not believe had been formed 
to tread the clods, and follow the cattle 
or plough', as his drefs would have feemed 
to intimate; and the curate, who went 
foremoft^findinghimfelf ftill unperceivc^ 
bjr die youth, made figm lo the reft ;p 

U % crouck 



whoM yo« fee iULVt «o otlxr Je$pi 
thuk that of doing you Cctvkt : there- 
fore, there is no neceffity for* 
neittier your own fttt nor our in- 
clination will allow/ To this addrefs 

<^oocb dowa, or Mde t|i«ifeiv«» behiiid 
a iiei|{kbf»uring rofk- Thil being 
^flie, all three ftood gating attentively 
tl the appafkiop» which was clad ia a 
doable »lKirted grey Jacket, girt about 
the middle with a white napkin, and 
worfe breeches and hofe of the fame fliemadeno reply, being qaiteaftoniflv- 
cloth, with a grey hunting- cap upon ed and confufedj but the prleft takin|f 
hit head: the ^fe^beipg pulled up to h#r by (he hand, nrq«|eededin this man- 
... r V 1- L _!- _*v._ii__ ^^^^ < Madam, though your drefs c6n». 

cealed, your hair hath diicovered ma^* 
nifeft iignsy that it rouft be no flight 
caufe which bath ihrouded your beau- 
ty in fuch unwprtlnr diiguife, fg^ 
brou^ you to this (olitud?, whdni it 
is our fortune to find you; and to 
oifer^ if not a certain reipedy ^ your 
misfortune, at leaft our beft adviee; 
for no grievance can harrafs or drive 
the affli^ed to fuch extremity, while 
life feinains, as to make them iliut 
their ears againft that counfel which 
is given with the moft humane and 
benevolent intention.. Whereforti 
Madam, or Sir, or what you pleafe t^ 
be, recoyeft yovrfelf (rom the con« 
fofion in which the fignt of us hath 
(brown you, and tell u$ the partifu- 
la^s of yQur gooid or evil fortune^ in 
fuU affurancf, pf findinc; us all toge- 
ther, or each by hlmfeTf, difpofea to 
fympathize with your affliction.* 
\y|ule.the curate pronounced theft 

the middle of his leg, wjuch aftually 
(eamcd of white alabafter. Having 
apra^bed hit delicate feet, he wiped them 
with a handkerchief, which he took out 
af his c^p, and ip, fo doij^g, lifted up, 
llit head, j^ewing.lo th^ by-ila|)ders, 
a face of fuch exquifite beauty, that 
Caidenio faid in a whifper, to the cu- 
rate, * Since that is not Lucinda* it 
* lpa|i be no earthly, but fome celeftial 
f beingP iTheyoutn taking, off his cap, 
and Shaking his head, a Jarge .quanti]^ 
pf haif , that Apollo hiipfsJf might 
envy, flowed down upon his ihoulders, 
and difcovered to the fpe^iators, that 
the fuppoied peafant was no other than 
p woman, tlfje moft delicate apd hand" 
Yome that the curate and barber had ever 
* ^ebeld } or even Cardenio, had he not 
feen and been acouainted with Lucii^- 
*iia, who alone^ as he afterwards owq- 
/ed, could contend with her in beauty. 
Iler golden loclcs fell down in fiich 
length and quantity, as not qnly cq- 
'Vered her Aiouide'rs, but alio concealed 
ever^ other part of hef body except her 
feet : and, mftead of ^ comb> ^e made 
«fe of her hands, whichj^ If h^r fe^t 
looked like cifflni in the brook, apoear- 
ed among her nair jike moulds of qrift- 
' ed fnow. All thefe circumftanees in- 
creafing the delire of the by-ftanders, 
to know who ihe v^as. they refotved to 
ihew thenifelv^,' ana at the Airtl^ey 
made in'advaiicipg, the bcaateops phan- 
tom railed her head, and parting her 
locks with both hands, to (pa what o§- 
eafioned the nbiie flie btard, no iboner 
perceived them than fhe tfarted iip, and, 
without ftayiitg to ppt o|i her fiioes, or 
^e up her hair, felled a bundle that lav 
by her, apd betook, heffelf to flight, full 
or coniiernation and furpriae ; hut ihe 
had not run fij( y^fds^ When her delicate 
feet^ unable to bear the roughnefs pf 
the ftones, failed under her, and ihe 
fell t6 tW ground^ This accident 
being perceiveit by the other threV, they 
ran to her affiftance, and the curate ap- 
hroaching her iirft, * Stay, Madam^* 
hud he. f vyhofo^ver yop ate; th'ofe 

yvord^, thp difgulfed 'damfei ftoOd wnmt 
\B attention| gazing a( them al^ rouna» 
^itfiout movipg her lips, or uttering one 
iyllable, like a country villager gapip^ 
at rarities which he had never feeft be- 
fore : but the prieft enforcing what he 
iiad faid, wit|i other arguments tp ttie 
iame efFe£l, i^e heaved a profqpj[id. %ny 
apd brqke lilenpe^ * Since mne 
(plitary mo^ntaips nave not been able 
to conceal roe, ^n^ my Ibofe diflievef^ 
led h^ijr allows pr{^ not to dif^i/e the 
trutb| It v^puld be in vain for me to 
feig(i fucli things a^ your reaibn couI(| 
pot believe, tjiough your courtefy 
might excufe tliem.' Qo that ibppo» 
^tioii, I thank you, gentlemen, for 
your humane offer, which lays me 
under the obligation of givin? you 
al) the fatisfaftion you defire'j tnougn 
J ain afraid, that the relation I ihall 
make of my misfortunes, will, iH&ezd 
of compamon^ excite your difgufi, 
for you will find it impoffible eithcjr 
to qure my woesj or teach me to be^ 

an with forutude} but; n^nhc* 
, thatmy^eputaeiii>s)Enayi^^ 






^ 'tbr bi yoar opinicm, ttt yon fnvie dif* 
'^ coVered me to be a woman, and a 
'* young one, aUne, and in this dif- 
•^ guife} circumftances wtiidiy confider- 

* ed either together or apartj might pr^- 

* judice my good name in this world, 
'< I wili freely difclofe to you thofb 

* thingSy which, if poflibt^ I wpuld 
^ hatve willingly concealed/ ' 

All thie preamble was uttered in a 
•bzeath by the beautiful apparition, with 
i«ch volubility of tongue, and fweet- 
nefs of voice* that they admned her 
good fenle a« much at her beauty; and 
Kepeatifl|[ their pix>fiera of fervice, as WeM 
-as their mtreaties that (he would per- 
.fom her promt ft j (he, without farther 
importunity, put on her (hoes with 
rcrnt modefty, adjufted her hair^ and 
iat down in the midft of her three hear- 
ts, upon a (eat in the rocfc, where, 
^fter having endeavoured to repre(^ ^ 
•lew tears that ibrted in her eyes, (he, 
.m^ a clear and deliberate voice, be- 
gan the ftory of her life, in this man* 

* In this province of Andalouiia, 

* there is a place, from whence a cer- 
^ tain duke, one of thofe who are called 
•' grandees of Spain, derives his title*: 
^ he hadi two font, the eldeft of whoiti 
.' ta heir to his e(bte, and, in all 

* appearance, to his good qualities'; 
J but the younger inherits nothing 

' that I know, but the treachery dt 
f Vellido and faUhood of Oalalon. 
f To this nobleman my parents are 

* vai&isj and though low m pedigree, 
f- fo considerable in wealth, that if their 

* defcent was e^ual to diqr fortune, 
.< they would have had nothing more to 
f dettre, nor I the mortification of feeing 
f myfelf inthis ijiftreis; for, I believe, 
f my misfbitunes proceed from their 

'f defeA in point of birth, which though 
f not fo mean a^ to ma)ce them aiharoed 
4 of their origin, IS not fplendid enough 
•f to overthrow my jconjeaure about tne 
f Cowtct of my a|9^i£tipn : in ihort, 
f they are farmers^ of a plain honeft 
. f f^ily,' without tl^e'leaft u^tennixture 
< of Moori(h bipod; bttt^ as the faying 
f is, old, |?ufty ChfifHahs J aye, and (b 
f ni((y', that by their nchc$ ^nd opulent 
f. way of living, they are ffradually ac- 
f quiring the title- of genuefolks, nay, 
f of quSity (oo $ though *what . they 
f prised above all' riches and title, waii 
'# th^ir happineis in having ine for their 


to otKef cHiid to inh^f their eft^t^, 
^nd were naturally the moft aiieAiotf* 
ate of oarents, I was beloved and in^ 
dulgedby 'th^, with the utmdftde* 
gree of parental fondnefs. I was itio 
mirror in Kl^hich they beheld ihtm- 
felves,'the ftifT of their age, anA 
(hared ^th Heaven their whole atten- 
tion and defirea, with which, asthcjr 
were pure and unblemiflied, my trtm 

rrfealycofrefponded) and therefoit;, 
was mi(hcfa of their iiflfe6lion ah- 
well as their wealth. Bvttfy idinct^ 
they received and difittifled their fen- 
vants) the tale atid aeiciMmt of whir 
was bodi fowed and reaped, paflbt 
throueh my hands t I managed the 
oil -mills, tMvitieyardi, theiierd* tod 
the flocks, the biee^Mves, and everf 
thing thit fuch a rich'fi^fmer as fosy 
father may beibppoibd'topbAfs} in 
(hort, I was (ttwtrd hnd nuftrefs,-mnii 
aAed with (bch care and osconomy, 
that I (hould not find it eaiy to etag- 
geraee the plealure and fiftisf«6tialt 
which my parents eiifsjnni. Thofe 
parts of the day that remained, aft^ 
I had given an dufe attention to >tKb 
herdfmen, over(eers, and -^her day. 
labdurers, I employed in exereiu^ 
equal ty decent and ncCeflOiry ibr younl^ 
^r?men, inch as lace-making, needle* 
work, and fpinnii^g; and, 'if at anV 
time, I interrupted tbei^ '^mplo^ 
ments, in order to recreaCB the fiiind^ 
I entertained my(etf ' #|th Tome ttf> 
ligious book, or diverfifisd.myamu((^ 
ment with the harpi belhg coi/- 
vinced by experience^ thit muftck 
lulfe the diforder^ thbti^hrs^ and 
elevates the dejected (^nts. Soch 
was the life I led inmy fatl^r** boaf^fi 
and if I have delcvibed it too mimite- 
ly, it is not througiy ofteiitatiom, iti 
order to display our rkhes, but'witH 
a view of mianifefting how Innocently 
I forfeited that happy Situation, aiid 
incurred the milery of iftiy prefent 
ftate. While I pi^M mV ttnref in 
thefe occupations, Aiy vetirement was 
fuch -as almoft equailed^that of a nun- 
nery, being (hen by nobody, as I 
thought, but the fervants of * the fa* 
mily$ for, I went tb mafs early hn 
the morning, accompanied by my 
mother and the maids, and veiled 
with fuch referve, that my eyts fcaVce 
beheld the ground on which I trod } 
yet, neverthdefs, I was perceived by 
^oft of |ove. Of fi^er 49»erttn1^, 




.B^H <iy««^T». 

< igctratioa, and tbtn pe&i^4 t W ^f a»- 
> coUies «f Don Feiiiaad^b y^MM^gtr 
J> rap of the dvitt wIkhu iI iitve almdy 

* neivtioiied.* 

.J>an,jtona^iido, tj^ CardtHio.c^Wgod 
.a4<y|iry «ftd b^n to fwflat wkh Iboh 
^tsitioi^^ that ^ curare and bfiii>ep» 
fWV^IFing it» were wMd h« vmW be 
fi>i»d i«»l|U 9ne of Oipif iU»'^4»4i«o- 
^B r^A$ a» diey ^a4)beard; 4M&iu)tMl 
}m^ fcoip 4o timcj bifttf ^iSutiom^.^fo^ 
jof fWeat b^ bvrft oiit.,iifon iiii ikiitt 
lie^inMatfied fiMet»4«d M^ing»wth' 
ly a^ the ficner't f air 4inpgl|rteiv iii»m&- 
4ifitfliyj[iieired whoAe.viAf.; ^ik 4iey 
.'wkhout obTervii^ the «iiKiitiom of 'Car- 
49110, went oA>mdi h^ fbry» in^.tibeie 
xw^rdss < Ami h% n« looter beMd me, 
^^an« aa.he afternAnlf iwotofted^ he 

iadiedhiB4)ehavk>iar clearly en$otA ; 
but, to Ihartmi tbo Uteouni of n^ 
mia&ivtvnt» wbioh »t le«|^th!aMid ^- 
yofnd all Qomht^t^ I wtU paHi oifer m 
^eiwc the indviidoua fchnanr ^at 
Dfin PeroandoflanAed, ita- ^i^ftu- 
iHtiee of doclanpg hia paffion* lie 
biibed atery iexwA In tbe family, 
and t^m ^bade pieTeiita and pro^rs- 
of fervica to my relations i tmre wns 
BOt^iftg b»t gaie^ and n^oking ail 
4ay long «i onr-ftreats 4nd ail night, 
it waa impofiliblie to ^eep int (oraMidea. 
The letlera which, fhrongli «n nit- 
knovrnt <}haanel« came to my liand, 
viera if^itboiit nvmbfr, fiUed with itbe 
«io^ amorout lights and f>Fl|£alfiont, 
and yowa and nrQttuicsin«ferf :line>$ 
but aU theic^ tffMta, far if roaa tetb- 
ing, iiardanad me againft inaiy aa 
«auali at if he had him my oaort^ 
foe^ and^U the ftratagaina lie pnaftif- 
cd, ia piider )to fubdue any ooyneft, 
had a ^uite pootrary tfkStt not that 
I was dilguM at the gaUantty of 
Dan Fevnando) or enraged at hit ttn* 
•^ yortun«tit8, for I felt a oertaia icind 
Jt of pleaiure in -being courted and be- 

< kkited by fuch a iKk)le cavaiiers net- 
^ ther did I lake unjibrage at ieein^ my- 
f fe^f pvaifed in l»a letters.; for, it is 

* my opinion, that «U Women, ietitbem 
^ ibe neter Ha hoaciely, ace plaaftd to 
^ haaritham^lve«celabraledfar]b«aiity} 

* ibnti to4ll'thejeartificea,IoppofiMi.iny 
f ^wn virtue, tqgeth«r with the aapaated 
'^ advtaea of «ay parents, who piainly 
% fHiacNii^id tli0#id^ijaf DcBi F^memt^ 

Aoi iptcMite ha ^aUnHp ^ook ftk^ 
toconoeallt fiomithe weorld. Thof 
afliiBed me, ahat jnaoy vktue «ad fri^ 
4^bce^ atott^, thqr tsa^tMd ai>4 de- 
fjofited cbeir own toaour aod ra^HVt^» 
tion I they bait aie coafider ^thfe ilie- 
4i«alky b tw ae a Bbn Pema&do ami 
nMf tthitk waa a ttaMnacins proof 
that his 1q«€, ^ttgh he bianlelf 
afiiited-theeantitalgr., tended nKuM to 
Ilia own graaMieatioii th»i toy ttiivam'j 
eage j and bid^ if £ ctnld t^iwvv sua^r 
olSinman tn his .way. ta jnake turn 
iiuit ilia «npi<t pttfeDmianiJy £ Aotdd 
be mjutied immediMelyy ateoidui^ to 
flsy ow» choice, either to one ai* iiaB 
pciitcipal parfona of diir own tdvm^ eir 
to ibma geacHeinan in the neaghboofv 
hood, as'IiiiMlalMndanceof.loTcnis 
afetra fle d by fhdar wealth, anid nay re- 
potatvoB. With itbefe aSunaaioes, itbe 
tfv^ of ;wlBdi f could DotdOu^ ^ 
ioctiAed nay intM^rityt and woMkI ne- 
ver iend any veply to Don l^emwttBo^ 
that couU in the moft diibm: jatem- 
ner, flatter him with the hope of ac- 
oortipliillin^ >hia wift: bu^ <idl my 
itfarvoy which Ik t>w^ to have kfak- 
ad niaon as the 9B08L of.'difiUstt, 
frffvaa ottl^r to what Ida kbidiitotta a,p* 
petita, wte o h -is the trweoadiai'bf 9m 
psdfion he prafelfedsi foe, had^ been 
genuine lova, .you woold not now 
beiiteBnigtfomy Jbt7,wkiohI iMMild 
have bad no accafion to ircount. 
* In^ne, Bon Wf^^aAo g^Hotiee 
that my pfwents imended .to hetow 
tm m marriage, that they fnigbt de- 
imfe birn of aU iio|ie of pofibffing 
«e^ or, at leall« provide nae with 
aaore |;aairida lo proteft my viatae : 
and tins piece of ncWs aWmed him 
fo much, that he put; in <pni£tioe aii 
expdtientito recard^the^daeaded match. 
One night, whik f fat in .my apart- 
menSt, aitencfed by mvy maid anly» the 
doors being ail faft locked^ that 
tbrou^ negligence mf virtue aiigbt 
not be in dan^, vnthaut knovi^ng 
or comprebending the iheana of hh 
conveyance, he appeared before me, in 
the mtdft^ this refcrte, paoCifotioni 
foliiude, iileace, and «tt«»t! At 
fight of him, i wfts^ ib much coo- 
founded, that the light ibidook jpy 
eyes^-and my tongue denasd it's oftc^i 
fo that 'being dtorived of the powar 
«f ottenmce, i could not cry far 
help, nei^r, I believe, wfidd fae^va 
^ ^&#^m&|Q.«a^)aiai|;l«: be io- 

Vfon QinxoTS^ 


*r fiifoi bctag* filC&y that- i had wot 
^ ^NDgtk to ddfM inljKeif^ and bagaii 
^ ta poor feith. fuck fvotcftanon^, tikat 
^ i casnor coneahid fabw blAiood ii 
^ aUir to ape tenth ib exad^. Tht 

* tnilnr*s.tHW»gavec«edkto.hiswflrd8y' 
^ am A hi8£|[ht'OQiiikan?dthek0neiy of 

* Ide intention. I» hei ng » ponr 3F9inng 
^ ^restiice by ai^fclfyaltol^ethflr unexpe- 
^ rienced in thofe affairs^ began, I know 
^ not howy . 10 bo&eve bis iklfe {Mrofcf- 
^ fiona 9 bttt, not ib as to be moftd 
^ to weak compsflion^ either by hia 
^ vowa Off artfttl ibnow ^ on .the can-' 

* tnocyy my firft fiirpcizs betn]| over, I 
^ recolie6led my diffipatcd fptritSy and 

* with mote coueafa than I though* my- 
« lelf poffefibd of, (aid to hiiVi <« Sig.l 
^ nior« ify inftMd of behig within youf 
^ 9m%,zt 1 now aai^ I waa in the pami 
^ 6f a finrce Hon, and nvf deliverance 
^ «itii^ depended upon my doing o^ 
V iayieg any thii^ pv^udicial' to my 
^ iriitne^itwoiddbeasitnpofiibleferme 
^ to oem^y with thefe taraBty as it is 
^ impombk §o€ that which i^ to lofe 
M ftHonAence $ wherefbre, though you 
M keep iltiy boc^ confined whhin you^ 
<< artoSf ]| am in fuH poileffioir of my 
i< Ibttly with aH her «hafi» defitts, 
« Y^tch ana entixely oppofite to yoars, 
^ 9A ^n wilf pkrialy perceive^ tf you 
« rofoWe to MTOceed in graiifying you^ 
<^ mikt9 by forte. I atil yottv vaffal, 
a« but not your ilavef the nobility^ of 
« your Mttod neitlpr hae» nor ou{»ht 
<< to ha¥i^ thfi power of diflioaounng 
« or de%i(big the lowliMicft of mine ; 
« and my character is' aa^pvecievt to 
M me, though I am b«t n pttbeian 
M.ltarmea^^tWighier, ae yours ean ht 
« to ^oiiy who ate a noMMHan-and ea- 
^* voliep.' AH yonr Ameagth fliaU not 
<t elfeft yoiir-.p«ipbft|' neither Am I 
<» torbe iniuenciil bv>yoter ricfeee^ de- 
•* ceit<d bv yoiiii wbMB, oir melted b^ 
^ yoor flghe and tesrA. Any of theft 
«' eefpreffient in^ a- miihy aiy i|rhom*my 
•«• p«mts>(houM, gh^e dieiis iiharriagey 
<f wooM^nhy my tonfti^ aod rscipSi- 
*< oal in^iai^ii i »9f, it my honour 
«<' Wife fafe^ I eouM( AerMke my Ms- 
«^ faAion^ a«d voltimMlfy yield' what 
^f voO| Signmfj now Mtempt toobtaiii 
<• by force I this I ablhnt^ tet^yoii 
« may mft afibradf^ I wiN n ew» g r an t 
M any^laWMir to hiis' #he^ bcnet Aij^ 

^?If that be yaor Me oh|e^ion« i 
^ ch^iBniiigDofaBieay" (for^thacis th^ 
* nami of thia wretched creators} ibid 
< the.pcefidiouacavatier»^beholdIhei^ 
S* praTentmy haandk in pMgCr of bciag 
^ yours for ever ; and may Heoeetv from 
** whiefanodiingi^ concealed, i^ther 
** wtfh that imago of the.bfeffitdVirgin^ 
*' beaewitneAitodiefincerityandtratIf 
^ ofthisdechuradont'* Canlenio,whetf 
Ak eaUed hcsfclf Doiothee, was Ibr-^ 
prised asww, and confirmed tn hie Mt 
COi^B^hue} but,' unwilling to infiBnupf 
the tory in which fan expeisied to hcai* 
the ilfoe of vOai he aheady krtlWy hd 
mily faid, ' Is your nanie JDbrothea^ 
Madam ? I have heard of one of tha^ 
nanei* to whole miefortunee your^ 
bear a grsat rtftmblanees hat pray* 
proceed} the time will como when I 
fliail tdl you fveh thing^ae will equar^ 
ly excite yon Mrror and aAiaicm/ 
Dorothea, furpriced at the.di(^ourib of* 
Gardenio, as well as at hie fbangeand 
raggsd attire, intreaiid him, if he knew 
any thing of her affairs, tocommunf^ 
ease it immediately; iaving, tlrat if ^- 
tune had left her any thing of Va^e, it 
wae die courage to endure any difiifter 
that might befal her;- thongh fte was 
ahaaoft certatoy 'that what £e bad al- 
leady fulistod ebald admit of no add?^ 
ion. « Madam,* repKed Cardenio, * t 
would not be the means of impaijnn j^ 
that fortitude, by tellitt^ you what! 
kfiow, if A^ eoniefture he right | 
aekhcr h ihareaay opportunity hk^ 
nor iw it of any coniBbquence to you^ 
whethep you hett it or not.*«-*< B6 
that at h wilt,*aili^red Dorothea, 
I viM |ao*«» with the Aique} of mjr 
floMr«*«4>oa Femamdoaddreflinghhn- 
latt' to tho. hnago he fonmd in my 
apartment, invoked the bleffi^ Virgiii 
to hMT wlmefe to^ our nupi^als^ ^d 
avowed hfimftlf my huAand wtdl &16 
moft binding and folemn oathe; tho*. 
before he proceeded £»• far, I dit^M 
him to refts<ft tipon what he wee* gtring 
tot dir, and confider how much hh fa- 
ther might he h)eaiftd at his «mdu£^, 
wheahe ikomld find him married t6 
the daughter of hie own farmer and 
vaiftk X cautioned hithagainftbcin J 
bonded by mf beauty^ fuch as it was! 
teiti^ hint it would be hr from be* 
ing a- fuAcient txpnk for hie errors 
and -begged, it he had' any love and '^' 
regard' for moy he wantd mmfeft^it* 



oorx .Q^xxvrm 


* in leaving nte ton fate more adopiate 

* to my rank and circumftaBces $ ob^ 

< iorvinff) that fuch uncaoal nuttcfaetf 

* were mdom blefied with a long, du- 

* ration of thofe rafitima with which 

* thfy begpn* 

• All thefe refieaioDs I repaatedto 

* huQf with many more which I do not 

* remembers but they had no tSt^ in 

* diverting him from the profixution of 

* his pm^oiei for he was like a man» 

* who, in making a baigai% never 

* boggleaatthepriceof thecommodit^t 

* becaufe he. never intends to pay it« 

* At the iame time^ I held a ihort con- ' 

* ferenca with my own breaft*- faying 

* within my&lfy <« Neither (hall I be 
** the firfty who, by marriasey has ri&n 
^ from a low ftation to ram^ and gran-' 
*< djcur i nor will Don Fernando 1^ the 
** firft nobleman whom beauty* or ra- 

'^ ther blind affediont hat^ induced to 
** fliare his greatnefs with a partner of 
** unequal birth. Since, therefore} I 
** neither make a new world nor a new 
'* cuftom, it is but Teaibnable in me to 
** embrace this honour that fortune 
** throws in my way } and although 
«< Ibeaffe^ion'he profefles ihould not 
*< funrive the accompliihmeAt of his 
•* wifli, I (hall neverthdelSt in the light 
■* of God, remain his true and laviful 
*< wife. Befides, ihould I treat him 
** with difdain, I fee he is determined 
«* to trani^fs the bounds of duty, and 
** avail himfelf of force; in which ca(e'» 
^* I ihall be diflionoured and inexcuf' 
** able in the opinion of thefe who do 
** not know how innocently I have in- 
** curred their cenfure $ for, where ihall 
« I find arguments to perfuade my pa*- 
*' rents, that this cavsuier entered my 
** apartment without my koowlcdgt 
" aqd confent ?** 

* AH thefe refie6Uons, which my ima- 
f gination revolved in an inftant» be* 
f gan to fway me towards that which 

* (though I little thought fo) proved 

* my ruin I efpecially ^i^n aided and 

* enforced by the oaths of Don. Per* 

* nand6, the powers he called to wit« 

* nefs, the tears he (bed, and, in ihort, 

* by his genteel carriage and agreeable 

< dirpQlition,accorapanied by fucn marks 

* of real pailton, as misbt have melted 
f any other heart as fott*^ and unexpe« 

< mine. I called my maid 
' to be a joint evidence with the pow* 
f crs 9f heaven V Don Feciuuido ][e« 

peated and connmied'iilir 6bBi&^ tcM^ 
other fiunti to ^iritnefs liis integiity ; 
•'imp r ecated a thoiifand cnties oo.nir 
head^ in cafe he ihould ful to f ulii> 
his promife i had recourfeto fighs aiid 
ttors again, ibraining me ftill dolcr itr 
his.arma, from which he had never le- 
kafied me. By thefe means, and. tlie 
departure of my maid, I forfeited that 
name» and he became a falfe and £• 
niihed traitor. 

< The morning that fucceeded thia 
night of my nusfortuae, did not ar- 
rive fo foon, I brieve, as Doo' Fer- 
nando could havrwiflied) for, ^vhcnr 
once a man ha^ fittisfied^us ngc of 
apipetite, his chief inclination to to 
<^it the fcene of his fiiccefs. This I 
obfervc^ becaufe Don Fernando (eem* 
cd impatient to be gone; and, by the 
indumy of my maid, who had con- 
du^tect him to my chamber, fofond 
himielf in the ftreet before day} when 
he took hit leave, he told me, thmagb 
not with fuch violence of n^vture a9 
he exprelied on his firft coming, tlut 
1 might depend upon his honour, and 
the finoerity of theoathshehadfwoniy 
as a farther confiimation of whicb, 
he took a ring of value from hit lin-» 
ger, and put it upon mine t in i^ort^ 
he vaniihed, leavmg me in a fitoation 
which Z can neither call foyfulnor fiuL 
This I kiiow» that I remained in • 
ibite (^confuiion andperplexfty,attd» 
aa it wene, befide myielff on aocovnt 
of what had happened j hittl. ekher 
wanted aourani or memory to attaone^ 
with my maid for the p^ffidhr ihe had 
been guilty of, in condu^ay Don 
Fernando to tny apartment linderd^ 
I could not as yet determine whedtir 
the adventure would redound to my 
advantage or misfortune. I told hiokf 
at paitmgi- that now I wao his wife, 
he might iee me any night, by the 
fame meana ha had ufed to pcocnva 
this iirft interview, until he ihould 
think proper to make our inarriage 
ptiblick i bu^ except the following 
night, I could never iet cvjm^ on him, 
either in the ftitet or at cfaivrchs dur^ 
ing a whole month, which I fpem ixk 
the utmoft anxkty of expedUtion $ al- 
though I knew he waajii tovnij and 
almoft every daj employed in the 
chac^, an exerci(e to wUch hewao 
greatly addicted.. Thofe were dole* 
ful and diiln&ing houra and ^y 






to ins f ibf thtti I. began to dauht, 
and aftcrw^rdb to di^iicre the faith 
of Don Fernafido) then wa$ my 
fluid expoAd to tboTe rebukes for her 
prnTumptiany which flie had never 
heard before ) then was I bbliged to 
hufband my tears, and wear compo- 
fure on my countenance, that I might 
not give occafion to my parents to 
tJk dia cau& of my difcontent, and 
be put to the trouble of inventing falf- 
faoode to deceive them. Bqt all this 
con^nint wne banished by an event, 
the knowledge of which trod down 
all other refpcAs, put an end to all 
my prudent meafures, and by deftroy- 
ingmy patience, publifhed my mis- 
foitnne to the world. ^ This was no 
other than a report that foon after pre- 
vailed in our town, by which I learn-' 
ed that Don Fernando was married, 
in a neighbouring city, to a young' 
lady of exceeding beauty, and dif- 
tingniihed binh, though her parents 
could ^not give her a portion fuitable 
to fiich a noble alliance. I underftood 
her name was Lucinda, and that ie- 
veral furpriatng accidents had happen- 
ed at their nuptials/ 
Cardenio hearing Lucinda^s name, 
though he faid nothing, ihrugged up 
his &»uiders, bit his lips, contra^ed 
the ikin of his forehead and difcharged 
from his eyes two fountains of tears j 
but, notwithftanding, Dorothea con- 
tinued her ftory, faying, * This melan- 
choly piece of news no fooner reach- 
ed my earsy than, inftead of freezing, 
it inflamed my heart with fuch rage 
and fury,' that I had well-nigh run 
«>ut into the ftreets, and publiflied 
aloud the faiAiood and treachery he 
had praAifed upon me : but my rage 
was reftraineid torthat time, by a plan 
which I conceived, and actually put 
in execution that very night. I dref- 
ied myfelf in this garb, which I re-' 
c^vcd from one of the fwains be- 
longing to «he houle, to whom I dif-' 
cloied my whole misfortune, intreat- 
ing him to attend me to the city, where 
X vndeH^ood my advetfary was. Af- 
ter having difapproved of the attempt, 
and blamed my tefolution, feeing me 
determined, he Oifored to keep me 
company, as he fakl> to the world's 
end s that monMqt I packed up my 
woman^adrefs in a pillow- cale, to- 
gether with fopfte jewels and' moiiey, 
as a refiMircf in tatne of need i and in 

the dead 6f that very night, without 
giving the leaft hint to my perfidions 
maid I left my father*s houfe, and 
accompanied by my fervant^ and a 
thbufand ftrange imaginations, fet out 
for that city on foot, winged with the 
deiire of finding Don Fernando | and 
refolved, though I could not prevent 
what was already done« to demand 
with what confcience he had done it. 
* In two days and an half I arrived 
at the city, and enquiriifg for the houfe 
of Lucinda*s parents, Sit Er& perfon 
to whom I put the queftion, told me 
more than I defired to hear. He di« 
re£led me to the houie, and related 
every incident which had happened at 
his daughter's wedding ; a $oFy io 
publick, that it was the common town- 
talk. He faid, that 6n the night of 
their nuptial s , after (he had pronounced 
the " Yes," by which he became 
her husband, Lucinda was feized with 
a violent fit ; that Don Fernando open- 
ing her breaft to give her frefli air, 
found in it a paper written with her 
own hand, importing that fiie could 
not lawfully efpoufe Fernando,, being 
already the wife of Cardenio, who^ 
as the man told me, was one of the 
principal cavaliers of that town $ and 
that (he had now pronounced the fatal 
' Yes," merely becaufe ihe would not 
fwerve from the obedience (he owed to 
her parents $ in (hort, he faid, the con- 
tents of the paper plainl;^ gave them 
to underftand^ that (he mtended to 
make away with herfelf, immediately 
after the ceremony, induced by the 
reafons which wei^ there con tamed | 
and this refolution was confirmed by 
a poignard which they found conceal- 
ed in fome part of her drefs. Don 
Fernando perceiving, by what hap" 
pened, that Lucinda had baffled, fcorn- 
ed, and undervalued his addre(resy 
ran to her before (he had recovered the 
ufe of her fenfes, and with the poig^ 
nard they had found, would have 
ftabbed her to .the heart, had he not 
been prevented by her parents and 
the reit of the company. It was, 
moreover, reported that Don Fernan<» 
do immediatly retired ; and that Lu •• 
cinda continued in a fit till next day. 
When (he recovered- from her fwoon, 
flie declared to her father and mother, 
that ihe was the true and lawful wife 
of that fame Cardenio, who, it feems^ 
was prc&nt at the ceremony; and 

X « who, 



who, when lie faw heir aftually msur- ' 
riedy contrary to his former behef and 
firm ^xpe6lation, quitted the cit^ in 
defpair, having nrlt left a writing 
that declared the wrong fhe had done 
him, and (ignified his intention to 
banifli himfetf for ever from the (b- 
ciety of mankind. All this tranf- 
a6^ion was fo notorious and publi^k 
in the city, as to furnifh difcourfe for 
every body ; and the fubjeft was not 
diminiflied, when it was known that 
Lucinda was not to be found either 
in her father^s houfe, or in any other 
part of the town, which were fearched 
ail over by her parents, who had ai- 
moft run diftra^led, not knowing what 
other method they (hould take to re- 
trieve her. This information revived 
my hopes a little j for I was better 
pleafed to have miffed Don Fernando, 
than to have found him married to 
another ; thinking, that every gate of 
eomfort was not yet (hut again ft mej 
and that Heaven, perhaps, had thrown 
that impediment in the way of his fe- 
cond marriage, with a view of making 
him reile^ upon what he owed to the 
firft i and reminding him of his being 
a Chriftian, confequcntiy more inb- 
reftcd in the care of his foul than in 
any other human concern. Airthefe 
things I revolved in my imagination ; 
and, as I had no real comfort^ con- 
ipled myielf with the moft feeble and 
diftant hope, in order to fupport a life 
which I now abhor. 
< WhiJ^I remained in this city, un- 
determined what courfe to take, as I 
could not find Don Fernando, I heard 
a publick crier defcribe my perfon and 
drefs, and offer a conflderable reward 
to any one that ihould difcover where 
I was. Nay, it was faid, that I had 
(educed froin my father^s houfe the 
3roung man who attended me ) a cir- 
cumftance that touched me to the 
very foul t finding my credit fallen fo 
low, that they were not fatisfied with 
publifhing my efcape, but muft needs 
alio mention my attendant, a creature 
fo mean^nd unworthy of my atten- 
tion and regard, as ibon as I heard 
myfelf proclaimed, I quitted the town, 
accompanied by my fervant, who al- 
ready ,began to give marks of ftag- 
gering in his promiled faith and fide- 
lity, and that night reached the moft 
woody part of this mountain, .urged 
by the feu of being^*difcovered i but| 

as it is commonly' obfervcd, one mif-^ 
chance invites another^ and the end of 
one misfortune is often the beginning 
of a worfe, this was literally my cafe: 
my trufty fervant, who bad hitherto 
bdiaved with fuch zeal and fidelity, ' 
feeing me in this folitary place, and 
inftigated by his own vdlamy rather 
than any beauty of mine^ attempted 
to avail himfelf of the opportunity 
which he thought this defart offered i 
and with great impudence, contempt 
of Heaven, and disregard tojne, be- 
gan to talk of love i when, finding 
that I rejected his immodeft propofals 
with juft indignation and difdain, he 
laid afide in treaties for the ufe of 
thofe who might pleafe to ufe them, 
and beffan to employ force for the 
accompiiihmentor his will; but» juft 
Heaven, who feldom or never aban- 
dons the righteous intention, favoured 
and aflifted mine fo ef{e£lually» that 
with, the little ftrength I have, and 
no great trouble, I puihed him over a 
precipice, unknowing whether or not 
he furvived the fall $ then, as nimbly 
as my wearinefs and terror would al- 
lowy I peneti'ated farther into the 
momitainy without any other thought 
or intention, than that of keepmg 
myfelf concealed from my father, and 
thofe whom he .had employed to fiod 
me out. 

* I know not how many months I have 
lived in this place, where I met with 
a grazier, who took me into his fer- 
vice, and carried me to his houie, 
which ftands in the very heart of the 
mountain. Him I ferved all this 
time, in quality of a cowherd, endea- 
vouring to be always in the field, that 
I might the more eaiiiy conceal that 
hair which now fo unexpe^ediy dif- 
covered my fex : yet, all my care and 
induftry were vain | fori my mafter 
having found me out to be a woman, 
was feized with the fame defire-that 
took poiTeilion of my own feiTant. 
But fortune, with the evil, does not al- 
ways fend the remedy 9 for, I could 
neither find rock nor bog, by which 
I might have difabled my mafter, as I 
had before punifhed my man; and 
therefore, as the leaft inconvenience, 
I have left his houfe, and chofea to 
hide myfelf again among thefe thick- 
ets, rather than try my length againft 
him, in defence of my innocence. I 
fay, I returaed to thefe woods in hopes 

• of 



of finding a place in wluch I mighty 
without impediment) implore Heaven 
with fighe and tearsy to have com- 
paffion upon my mifery, and give me 
induftry and grace to overcome it, or 
quit my being in this folitudey with- 
out leaving behind me the leaft trace 
or demembrance of this forlorn wretch, 
who, without any fault of her own, 
hath afforded To mueh matter for con- 
verfation and cenfure both at home 
and abroad. 



« fT^HIS, gentlemen, is the genuine 
JL * detail of my^ tragick ftory ; 
confider, therefore, and }udge whe- 
ther or not I have fufficient caufe to 
heave more fighs than I have vented, 
utter more complaints than you have 
heard, and ihed more tears than have 
flowed from mine eyes; and when 
you ihall have deliberate upon the 
quality of my misfortune, you will 
perceive how vain all confolarion 
muft be, as the difeafe admits of no 
remedy. I only zik what you eafily 
can, and ought to grant, namely, that 
you would inform me where I can pafs 
my life, without being harraflfed by 
thefurprize and fear of being found by 
thofe who are in fearch of me. For, 
though I am well aflured, that my pa- 
rents, out of their great love and affec- 
tion, would receive me again into their 
favour, fuch is the (hame and confii- 
fion I fed at the bare thought of their 
having altered their opinion to my 
prejudice, that I would rather conceal 
myfelf from their (ight for ever, than 
appear in their prefence under the 
fufpicion of having a6led contrary to 
the expectations they entertained from 
my virtue.' So faying, (he left off 
ipeaking, and her face was overfpread 
with a bluih that plainly denoted the 
ientiments and confulion of her foul. 
Thofe who had heard her ftory, were 
e<|[ually furprized and MiSicd at 'her 
misfortune} to which the curate was 
going to oifer fome confolation and ad- 
vice, when Cardenio took her by the 
^ndj (ayingj ^.Itfeems^ tben^ Madam, 

* you are thebeauteom Dorothea, only 

* daughter of Cleonardo the rich 1' She 
was aftonilhed to hear her father*s name 
pronounced by one of fuch a miferable 
appearance^ (for we have already ob- 
ferved, how wretchedly Cardenio was 
cloathed) and faid to him, * And who 

* are you, brother, who know fo well 

< my father's name $ which, if I re- 

* member aright, I have not once meir- 

< tioned in the whole courfe of my ua- 

< fortunate ftory ?* 

' I am,' replied Cardenio, * that un- 

* fortunate man, to whom, as you have 

* obferved, Lucinda faid (he was mar* 

* ried. I am that miferable Cardenio, 

* whom the villainy of him who re- 

* duced you to your prefent fituation, 
' hath brought to this deplorable con- 

* dition in which you now fee me, rag- 
' ged, half-naked, deftitute of aU hu* 
' man comfort, and, which is ftill 

* worfe, deprived of my underftanding, 
^ except at certain ihoit intetvals, that 

* I enjoy by the permiilion of Heaven, 
*■ I, Dorothea, am the perfon who was 
' prefent at the perfidy of Don FernaU'^ 
' do, and heard Lucinda pronounce tht 

* fatal " Yes," by which (he accepted 

* him for a hufband . I am he who wanted 

* refolution to wait the ifTue of her 
' fwoon, or ftay and fee the refult of 
' that paper which was found in her 

< bofom i for, my foul could not fuf- 

* tain the (hock of fuch accumulated 
' misfortune ; and therefore, I quitted 

* the houfe, already abandoned by my 

* patience, and leaving a letter with my 
' hoft, whom I charged to deliver it 

* into Lucinda's own nand, betook my- 

* (elf to thefe defarts, with an intentioa 

* here to (inifh the life which from tlMit 

* inftant I have abhorred as my moft 
^ inveterate foe. But fate hath not 
'* been pleafed to grant my wi(h, con- 

* tenting itfelf with having deprived me 

* of my judgment,, with a view, per- 

* haps, of referving me for better for- 

* tune; which I begin to hope may 

* proceed from this lucky meeting witn 

* you, fince, if that which you have 

< recounted be true, as I believe it is, 

* there is a poftibtlity that Heaven may 
' have in ftore for us both, a noore fa« 

* vourable termination of ourdifafters 

* than we imagine } for, fuppofing that 

* Lucinda, who is already my wife, 

* as fhe hath openly declared, cannot 

* be married to Don Fernando, 'nor he 
■< lawfully wed her, being already 

X a * ^ efpoufelt 



* cTpofilbd tb jMif I <hittk we have 

< room to hope^ tbat Heaven will one 
^ dty reftore what mutually belongs to 
^ lit$ as ft is neither «lienated» niined» 
^ Bor irietrieirable. And fince thit oen- 

* Ablation Hill remains^ 4^ting from 

* hopes that are not very icmote, and 

< fouAded Oft expe£tatiotts which are not 
^ the effeftt of 9. diicrdeved imagtna- 
\ tion» I entreat ^ou, Madaniy in the 
^ f writy of ymir ftodneats, to change 
^ your prefent refoIut)an> as i intend to 

* alter mioe, and aedommodateyourfelf 

* to the hopes of better fortune ; for, I 

* fwear upon the faith of a gentleman 

* aad a Chiiifttan, that I will never a- 
« bandon you, until I fee you in the 

< arms of Don Fernando » whom, if 'I 

* cannot by reafonable argumeifts, bring 
-^ to a true fenfe of his duty towards 

< you^ I will then ufe that privilege to 

* which every gentlennan is intitkd, 

* and in fingle combat demand fatis- 

* fa3:ion for the injury he has done you, 

* without minding my own wrongs, 

* which i will leave to the vengeance 
^o^ Heaven, that I fnaythe iboner re- 
^ iFenee yours upon earth/ . 

This ^eoh of Cardenio put an fcnd 
^ the furprize of Dorothea, who being 
«t a lofs how to thank him for his kind 
fluid generous ofier, ftooped in order to, 
jkdfs bis feet, but this ipiece of conde- 
Xoonfion he would by no means allow. 
'Theprieft anTwering for both, approved 
Iflf Cardenio^s declaration ^ and, in a 
^particular mannei*, intreated, adviled, 
Andiperfuaded them, to accompany him 
ito !the village where he lived, in onder 
•Id rproyide themfelves with what they 
manted.; and there confult fome fchdnifc 
leifiier for Ending Don Fernando, or for 
>c«n'ying Dorothea back to her parents, 
foiv m (hort, fordoing that which Hiould 
•Iceqi moft neceflary and convenient. 
Oardenio and Dorothea thanked him for 
•his courteous offer, which they imme- 
•diately embraced ; and the barber, who 
<had been filent and attentive all this 
(time, having joined the curate in rh^ 
compliments and;hearty proffiirs of fer- 
.vice, bri^y recounted the caufe which 
jbad brought them thither j namely, the 
-ilrange madnefs of Don Quixote ^ ob- 
ierving, that they were then waiting 'for 
ithe return of his fcjuire, whom they had 
fent in (|ueft of his mafter. Cardenio 
immediately, as if it had<been the faiitt 
'impreilion of a, dream, ^recolle6led and 
f elated the quarrel which had happened 

bet^aeft the' k»Sgli« ftid km^ ibMgtl 
he cDukl Aot renumlier tha cmk oif ^ 

. At that inftant thev htgrd tm^ vaeog- 
ni^ed the voice of ian^^ j. ^o, n«t 
finding them in ijle fdace where h« had 
left them, hailooed aloud $ ^»pm whiah 
* they w^nt to meet him* aW en^iring 
about Don (Mqc^tf , wfire Kioid by the 
iquire, that he found Hm n^d to the 
i^irt, wan, mea^i half- &i|iiihcfi» 9ni 
(ighing for his midrefs Dukinea i thaCj 
when he (Sancho) told him (he had 
commanded him to quit that place, and 
go immediately to Tdbo^, where ihe 
waited with impatience to fee hiniy he 
had answered, that lif wms det^niMfifd 
flMver to appear be^re her, vntil he 
ihould have performed Aich atclaieve- 
ments as would reador htin ^oitliy of 
her favour; and Sancho obferved, that 
if this reiblution ^hoMld^oliU it ^wa^ 
poflible he might never attain t* the 
rank of an emperor^ as he was in duty 
houndy nor even -to that of atfi <3tt«;k- 
bi0kop, whiah wais die leafthe could 
«xpe£^. He defined them, thorefoK^ to 
coidider fonfie means of ditiu^gagiag the 
knight from his j(btitude. The ^oft 
bade him be under >no<:oncei^fi« :f«^ Uiey 
would fall upon a tnetkod to tmimf^ h«^ 
mafter, whether lite would. or 9q. 

Then he explained to .Cacdea^ mid 
Dorothea, lihe |]|laa the^ Kad iaid to 
cure Don Quixote of his gnp^^^^ or 
at leaft bring hiiin. back to hi» 4»wai 
houie. This DoriitiheQ n^o Ibonar 91B- 
derftood, than lihe tcdd bii|i, Miat ike 
wa$ n!H>re |>roper than the barber for 
-a£lin|^ the part ixf the diAre^fed dan^s 
.e^ecially, aslhe<had ciesKhs 4^01^ wish 
her^ that would aMwer the ipu«p«i« | 
.and bade them 1r«ft to Wft >9K lepra- 
ifenting every part ^ tlte (}haiai^e^ 
which ^ould be peceinTary towards the 
fuccefs of their deiign, for ihe had 
read a great many books of ctii^ryj 
and was perfedlly well acquainted with 
the llile in which afili^«d daw^s were 
wont to beg boons .of knights^ei-iaiit. 

* If that be the oaie,- faid the curate. 

< let us not delay -the execution ^ccf our 

* fcbeitiej for, without doubt. Heaven 

< ieen>s to favour my endeavours ; not 
^ only in opening a door fo uneic- 
' peaedly, towards ih^ cure -if ycuif 
f misfortunes, but alio in makix^ yoq 

* fubiervient in facilitating |0ur4naa«(s** 
JDorothea then pulled opt roi her juil- 

Jow-ca^i {i |;owo «Rd jpet;ti«f)at.j^ miff 



'l(«b lhi<f» wA « benidful green mants- 
' )cty.«od opting a little caStet, took put 
71 rich necklace and other jewels, with 
which fl»e inftantiy drefled herfelf to 
iuch advaatage« that (he a»{»Bared like a 
lady of the firft rank and tortuq«. All 
'^^(fi, and other ornaments, Ae faid, 
lbi» had cajried off from her father *s 
)f€>uft| ifi ca& of what might happen ; 
though hitfaefto (he had met with nd 
ftpfwrtunity of ufiog theoit Kvery one 
]»«ieDt was charmed with her graceful 
inien, eafy deportment, and exceeding 
l»eautys and paiTed f^ntence on Don 
Feroaiidoi as a oerfon of little tafte 
•ad difcammenty for having abandoned 
&ich ezceUence. 3ut the admiration 
f>f Sancho was fuperior to that of ail 
the reft ; for he a^ually thought, and 
iiKleed it war true, that in all the days of 
l»s Ufe, he had never feen fuch a beau- 
i^vA cseatnrei and, accordingly, aiked 
the curate, with great eagernefs, who 
that handfom« lady was, and what (he 
looked for in thefe bye • places . * Friend 
'^ Sancho^* aafweied the curate, * that 
f handfome lady, to fay no moK of her, 
^ is heirefsi in the direft male line, of 
^ the kingdom of Micomicon *, come 

# hither to b^ as a boon of your mafter, 
*^ thathe^NWiilU redrefs a wrong and 
-f grievance done to her by a dilcour- 
f teous giant ; for £uch is the fame ainl 

* reputation of that excellent knight, 
•f Dion Quixote, through the whole /cx- 

M# tent of Guinea, as to induce this 
f prince^ to come from thence in quelt 
f p£ him.*^< fileflbdqueftr cried San- 
'i^hcy f and happy finding, fay I ! efi)e- 
< cially if say mailer flioold be fo for- 
f tunaie as to right the wroa^ and re- 
f drefs the grievance, by killing that 
f ion of a whore of a giant that your 
>( ^^roHhip mentions; and kill. him he 
-* iicrtai^ly ^iil, if they ihould once 
ooieet, provided he be not a phantom ; 
for you m|u(t know, my mafter has 
no powo: over phantoms. But one 
thing, among many others, I muft 
beg of you, Mr. ' Licentiate, and 
that is, to put my mafter out of 
conceit of an archbiOioprick, for I 
am afraid his inclination leans that 
way, iTnd advife him to marry this 
prin^efs out of hand, a match which 
Will make it impoilible for him to re- 
ceive holy ordersj and therefore he 
f will the i&ore eaiily arrive at the feat 

of empirei and I at the cad of mf 
wi(ht for I have carefully conh- 
dered the affair, and by my reckon-* 
ing, I fhall not find my account in 
his being an archbifhop, as I am al- 
together unfit for the church, by rea-* 
fon of my being married j and for 
rae^ who nave a wife and childreuj 
to be petitioning for difpepfations to 
hold livings, would be ap endlefs talk. 
Wherefore, Signior, the point is this: 
let my mafter immediately take to 
wife the fame lady^ whofe name I do 
not know ^ for, iod^, I never faw 
her grace before this blefled minute.* 
N< She is called the princefs Miooou- 
conn,* replied the curate, < becaule 
her kingdom being Micomicon, it is 
plain her name muftbe Micomicon^.* 
— * Yes, to be fure-' faid Sancho, <.l 
have known feveral people take a fur-^ 
name and addition from the place of 
their nativity, callins diemlelves, for 
example, Pedro d'Alcala, Juna de 
Ubeda, Diego de Valladolid $ and I 
fuppofe they have the fame cuftom in 
Guinea, whei-e the queens take their 
names from the kingdoms they rule** 
The pneft confirmed S anchors opinioflj 
and promifed to ufe his uXmoft influence 
to pror-pote the marriage of the knighl:. 
Wrti lUis afTurance Sancho refted aa 
much i'atisfied as the other was furpris* 
ed at his fimplicity, when he perceived 
how carefully he cheriflied, in his ima- 
gination, the fame extravagant whims 
that poiTefTed his maimer, who he firm- 
ly believed would one day become an 

py this time, Dorothea being mount- 
ed on the curate's mule, and the bar- 
ber's face af:commodated with the ox*s 
tail by way of beard, they deflred 
Sancho to guide them to the place 
where Don Quixote was, and cautioned 
him again (I protending to know the li- 
oenciate and his companion, affuring 
him that his maiter's becoming an em- 
peror entirely depended upon his pro- 
leflTmg ignorance of their perfons. Yet 
neither the curate nor Cardenie would 
-accompany them 3 becaufe the prefenc^e 
of this laft might recal to .the )knight'« 
memory the quarrel which had hap- 
pened between them^ and it was n6t 
yet proper that the priefl fliould appear s 
for which reafons, they let the reft pro- 
ceed by themfdves, and they followed 

f As if lit k^i faid Ape^-liadi mitQ iJgnifying an ape* 



at a fmall diftance, after the curate had 

firen her cue to Dorothea $ who defired 
im to make himfelf perfeftly eafy on 
Iter account^ for (he would aft the 
part aifigned to her, without the leaft 
occaiion for a prompter, in the true ftile 
and ipbit of knight>errantry. 

Having travelled about three quarters 
of a league, they difcovered Don Quix- 
ote already cloathed, though fHU un- 
armed, fitting in the roidft of a laby- 
rinth of rocks : and Dorothea no (boner 
underftood it was he, in confeqsence of 
Sancho*s information, than (lie whipped 
up her palfrey, clo(^ attended by the 
well •bearded barber, who, when Ac 
approached the knight, threw himfelf 
from bis mule, and ran to help his lady 
to alight. But (he, difmounting with 

freat agility, we|it and fell upon her 
nees before Don Quixote, whom, in 

Ipite of his repeated endeavours to raife 

iier, file aecofred in theie words • 

• Never will I rife from this polhire, 
moft valiant and invincible knight, 
until your benevolence and courtefy 
grant me a boon, which will not only 
redound to the honour and applauie 
of your own perfon, but alfo to the 
advantage f){ the moft injured and 
difconfoTate damfel that ever the fun 
beheld} and if the valour of your 
mighty arm correfponds with th6 
voice* of your immortal fame, you 
are obliged to favour the unfortu- 
nate, who, attfa6led by the odour 
of your celebrated name, come from 
far diftant regions, in queft of your 
afliftance.'—* Beauteous lady,* replied 

Don Quixote, * I will not anfwer one 
word, nor 'hear one circumftance of 
your affairs, until you rife from the 
ground.'—* I will not rife, Signior,* 
nfwered the ai!lt£(ed damfel, * until I 
(hall have obtained from your con- 
defcenfion, the boon I beg.*—* I con- 
descend and erant it,* refumed the 

knight, * provided, in fo doing, I aft 
neither to the detriment nor deroga- 

* tion of my king, my country, and 

* her who holds my heart and liberty*/ 
— * Your compliance, worthy StgnSor,* 
replied the mourning ladv, * (hall in 00 

< ways afieft the exceptions you have 

* made.* 

At that inftant Sancho came up, and 
whi(pered foftly in his mafter*s ear: 

* Your worlhip may fafely grant the 

* boon (he a(ks, which is a mere trifle $ 

< no more than (laying a eianti(h foirt 
. < of a fellow ; and (he who begs it, 

* is the high and mighty princels Mi- 

* comicona, queen of the great empire 

< of Micomicon in Ethiopia.*^— < Who- 
' foever (he is,* anfwered Don Quixote, 
' I will do what I am in duty bound to 

* perform, and aft accordmg to the 

* diftates of my own confcience, and 

* conformable to the order I profefs.* 
Then turning to Dorothea, * Rife, moft 

* beautiful lady,* faid he, * the boon 

* you a(k is granted.*—* Then, what I 
' a(k is this,* refumed the damfel, * that 

* your magnanimity would immediate- 

* ly accompany nte to the place froib 

* whence I came, and promise to af- 

* tempt no other adventure, nor grant 

* any other requeft, until you ihall have 

* taken vengeance on a traitor who hath 

* ufurped my crown, contrary to all 

< right, human and divine.*-—* I grant 

' your requeft. Madam,* anfwered Don ^ 
Quixote ; * henceforth you may difpel 

* that melancholy with which you are 

* depj?e(led, and let your fainting hope 
' relume new ftrength and vigour ; for, 

* with the a(riftance of God, and this my 
' arm, you (hall, in a (hort time, Set 

* yourfelf reftored to your kingdom, 
^ and feated on the throne of your royal 

^ anceftors, in defiance and defpite of 
' all thofe evil>de(ignine perfbns who 

* mean to oppofe you t let us fet hands . 

* to the work, then^ for, according to 

* the common oblervation, Delay breeds 

* danger.* 

The diftrefTod damfel ftruggled widi 
great perfeverance, to kifs hi» hand } 

* When a knight had once granted a boon in this manner. It was impoftible for him 
retraft, let the requeft be never fo extravagant. We are told by JoiQville» that the 
queen of St. Lewis, being big with child, and in the ucmoft terror of fading alive into 
the hands of the infidels at Damietta in Egypt, fell upon her knees betbre an old 
knjgbt turned of fburfcore, and conjured him to grant her boon : the old man having 
proroifed to comply, on the faith of his knighthood, (he told him the favour (he fo prel^ 
£iigly folicited, was, that he would cut off her head before (he (hould fall into tl)e 
^ands of the enemy, provided the Saracens (hould become mafters of the town. Tl^e 
fenior anf\^ered without hefitatioir, that (he might depend upon his fwordj and ov^ne^ 
he had taken that refolutlon even before (he (i$ni(ie4 her reoucft* 




but Bon Quixote, who was in all re- 
tfe^i a weU-bred knight, would by no 
means allow Aich humiliation : on the 
contrary, railing her up, he embraced 
her with great politenefs and cordiality, 
ordering Sancho to fecure Rozinante^s 
girths, and help him to arm with all 
expedition. The fi|uire taking down 
the armour, which hung on a tr^, in 
the manner of a trophy, and adjufting 
the horfe^s girths, in a twinkling, equip- 
ped his mailer, who finding himfelf 
armed, < Now/ faid he, < let us go, in 

* the name of God, to the afliftance of 
« this high-bom lady.' The barber, 
who was all this time on his knees, at 
infinite pains to preferve his gravity and 
his beard, the fall of which, perhaps, 
would have utterly ruined their laudable 
defign, when he found the boon was 
l^nted, and faw with what eagemefs 
the knifi;ht undertook to fulfil it, rofe 
Vp, and with the afliftance of Don 
Qjnxote, helped his lady upon her mule 
again} then her prote6lor beflrode Ro- 
zinante, and he himfelf mounted his 
own beail, while Sancho Panza being 
left on foot, felt the lofs of Dapple a- 
new : but this he contentedly bore, be- 
lieving that bis mafter was now in the 
right road, and almoft at the very point 
of being an emperor | for he aiiured 

himfelf, that the knight would wed that 
princefs, and fo become King of Mi- 
comicon at leaft $ the only uneafinefs he 
£eit, was, on account of that kingdom^s 
being in the land of negroes, fo that all 
his fervants and valTals muft be black $ 
but, his imagination fupplied him with 
a remedy for this inconvenience, and he 
&id within himfelf, * Suppofe my vaf- 
' fah are negroes, what elfe have I to 

* do^ but tranfport them- to Spain, 

* where I can fell them for ready-mo- 

< ney, with which I may purchafe fome 

* title or poll that will maintain mc 
*• at my eafe all the days of my life ! 
' No, to be furel deep on, void of all 

< invention or ability to difpofe of your 

* ware, and fell thirty or ten thoufand 

< flaves in the turning of a ftraw! Be- 
« fore God I I'll make them fly, little 

< and big, or juft as I mays and, 

* blacks as they are, turn them all into 

* whites and yellows ! Let me alone to 

* fuck my own fingers.* With thefe 
conceits he was fo much engrofled, and 
fo vrell fatisfied, that he actually forgot 
the p^iin of travelling on foot« 

Cardenio and the cdrate iaweverjr 
thing that palfed, from behind ibnie 
bufhes where they were hid, and could 
fall upon no method of joining them 
conveniently, until the prieil, who virat 
an excellent fchemer, thought of an 
expedient for the purpofe; having a 
pair of fciiTars about him, he cut off 
the beard of Cardenio with infinite dif- 
patch, and giving him a grey jacket^ 
with his own black cloak, he himfelf 
remaining in his doublet and hofe, the 
tattered cavalier was fo much altesed in 
point of appearance, that he would 
icarce have known himfelf had he look- 
ed in a glafs. Although the others 
were jogging on, while they difguifed 
themfelves in this manner, they eafiljr 
reached the highway, before the knignt 
and his company, whofe beafls were js- 
tarded by the bufhes and rockinefs of 
the ground; and taking their ftation 
juft at the mouth of the entrance to the 
mountain, no fboner perceived the 
knight and his attendants come forth^ 
than the curate looked earneflly at him 
a good while, as if he had been recoU 
Jewing a perfon whom he knew, then 
ran to him with open arms, crying 
aloudy * Bleffed be this meeting with 
the mirror of chivalry, my worthy 
compatriot Don Quixote de La Man* 
cha, the flower and cream of gentility^ 
the protestor and phyfician of the dif- 
treffed, and quinteffence of knights- 
errant !* So faying, he embraced the 
left- knee of Don Quixote ; who, being 
aftonifhed at the words and a£lionof 
the man, began to eonfider his features 
with great attention, and at length, re- 
colleAing him, was flruck dumb with ' 
admiration, at feeing him in that place* 
and made many efforts to alight; which 
when the prieft oppofed, ' Give me 
leave, Mr. Licentiate,* CM he, * it 
\t not feemly that I fhould remain 
on horfeback, when fuch a reverend 
perfon as you travels on foot.*—* I 
will by no means,* anfwered the cu- 
ate, * confent to your alighting $ fince^ 
on horfeback, your mighty ai'm hath 
atchieved the greatefl exploits and ad- 
ventures that this age hath feen; it 
(hall fuffice for me, who am but an 
unworthy priefl, to get up with per- 
miffion, behind this gentleman who 
travels in your worlhtp's company | 
and then I fhall imagine myfelf 
mounted upon Pegafus, a zebra, or 

« that 


bON ^IJtOt^* 

* that fiery cmir(i*r that carried the ft- 

* mous Moor Muzaraque, who ftill 

< liet ilichanted in the vaft mountain 

* Zokma, at a little dtftance from the 
« great ComplutOk*— < I did not think 

* of that expedient, Mr» Licentiate/ re- 
fumed the knight) < but I know that 

< my lady the princeff , will, out of re- 
■ gard to me, be pleaftd to order her 

* A|uire lo actfo/nmodate you with the 
« faddle of bis mule, and he himfidf 

< may ride upon the crupper^ if the 

* beaft will carry double/-** I believe 

* file will,* (aid theprincefs; < and I 

* am fure, there will be no occaiion to 

* lay my commands upon my fquire, 

* who ie too courteous and polite, to 

* fuffer an eccldiaftick to travel on foot, 
J when it is in his power to provide him 

* with a beaft**—* Your majefty is in 

* the right,* anfwered the barber; who 
inftantly alighting, complimented the 
curate with the faddle, which was ac- 
cepted without much intreaty. 

But the misfortune was, when the 
iquire attempted to get up behind, the 
roule, which was an hireling, confe- 
<|iient]y mifchievous, lifted up her hind . 
legs, and kicked with fuch fury, that 
Imd they lighted on the head or bread 
of Mr. Nicholas, he would have had 
reafim to curfe the hour on which he fet 
out in queft of Don Quixote: fuch, 
however, was his confuiion, that he 
came to the ground, and his beard be- 
ing negle^bd, fell off ; fo that he could 
find no other method to prevent a dif- 
covery, than lo clap both hands to his 
face, with gieat expedition, and roar 
out that his teeth were demolished. Don 
Quixote, Mng that huge mafs of beard 
tern from the jaw, without blood, and 
lying at a good diftance from the fquire^s 
face, « Good Heavens !* cried he, < what 
' a wonderful phasnoinenon is this t the 

* beard is taken o AT and fha ved as clean by 

< the heel of the mule, as if it had been 

< done by the hand of a barber/ The 
curate, feeing the ri(k he ran of being 
dete6^ed in his fcheme, fnatched up the 
tail, and running with it to Mr. Niche- 
las, who ftitl lay bellowing for help, 
nulled his head to his breaft with one 
jerk, and clapping it on again, mut- 
tered fome words, which he faid were 
an infaUible charm for fixing on beardc,' 
as they ifeiea'^, presently fee 5 according- 
ly, when ttie alFair was adjufted, he 
quitted the fquire, who npw feemed as 
well bearded and as found as ever j a 

circumftanctf thati ai^oVe snealW^ 61^ 
priaed the knight* who begged tl»t thA 
curate, at a proper opportunity, woulfl 
impart to him the charm, which he ima- 
gined muft contain moiw virtiies than 
that of cementing beards, becaufe it 
was plain, that where the hair was torn 
off, the ikin and fleOi muft be lacerated 
and htirt, and if the application could 
heal thofe wounded parts, it was good 
for fomething more than mere mufta- 
chios* The curate confirmed his con- 
je6(ure, and promised to difcloiis tha 
fecret to him. with the firft proper op- 
portunity I then it was Mgreed, that the 
prieft (hould mount the mule by him* 
filf, and, with the other two, ride her 
by turns, until they (hould arrive at 
the inn, which was about two leagues 

Don Quixote, the princefs, and the 
curate being thus mounted, and Carder 
nio, the barber, and Sancho Panaa fol- 
lowing on foot, the knight told tbe dam- 
fel, that her highnefs might eonduf^ 
him whitherfoever (he pleafed; but, be- 
fore flie could make any reply> the 
prieft interpofed, faying, * Towards 

* what kingdom is your majefty jour- 

* neying f I am much miftaken in tny 

* notions of kingdoms, if you are not 

* bound for Micomicon?^ She, who 
had been well inftru£led in her cue, 
concluding that (he muft anfwer in the 
affirmative, faid, * Yes, Signior, that 

* is tbe place of my deftination/-«-> 

* Then you mu(^ pafs through our vil- 

* lage,* anfwered the curate, * and take 

* your route to Carthagena, where your 
■ highnefs may happily embark} and 

* if ^ou meet with no hurricane, but 

* be favoured with a fair vnnd and 

* fmooth fea, in fomething lefs than 

* nine years, you may get nght of that 

* vaft Lake Meona, I mean, Meotisj 

* which is a little more than one hvn- 

* dred days journey from your maje- 

* (ty*s kingdom.'— •< Your worihip muit 

* be miftaken,* faid the princefs, * for 

* two years are not yet eiapfed fince I 

* (et out from thence s and though the 

* weather has always been bad, 1 have 

* already obtained what I fo mack 

* longed after, namdy, die fight of 

* Signior Don Quixote de La Mancha, 

* wliofe fame reached my eaVs, as foon 

* as I landed in Spain, and induced me 

* to come in queft of him, that X might 
< folHcit his courtefy, and truft my 

* righteous caufc to the valour of his 

* invincible 



*• invincible^irm .**•—' Enough, Madam,* 
faid Don Qnixote5 ' fpare your encomi- 
ums ; for I am an utter enehiy lo all 
forts of adulation 9 and, although you 
are not to be fufpe6led of flattery, my 
chafte ears arc always ofFeniled at that 
kind of difcogrfe. What I can fafe- 
ly affirm, is this : whether I have 
valour or not, here is he, valiant or 
puiillanimous, who will exert himicif 
to the laft drop of his blood, in the 
fervice of y^ur highnefs. But, this 
apart— Pray^ ^flr. Licentiate, what 
caufe hath brought' you hither alone, 
where I am really aftonitbed to find 
you Co ill attended, and fo iligfatly 

* In that particular you ihall foon be 
fatisfied,* anfwered the curate : * your 
^worfhip muft know that I and our 
friend Mr. Nicholas the barber, fet 
out for Seville, to recover a fura of 
money, which was fent to me by a re- 
lation of mine that went to the Indies, .* 
a good many years ago; no lefs than 
fixty thoufand pieces of eight in good 
filver, which make no inconfiderable 
fum : and yefterday, palling through 
this place, we were (et upon by four 
highwaymen, who (tripped us even 
to our very whifkers, and that in fuch 
a manner as obliged the barber to 
wear artificial ones; and you may fee, 
pointing to Cardenio, how they have 
defpoiled the face of this young man 
who accompanied us i and the cream 
of the (lory is, that, according to the 
publick report, which prevails in this 
neighbourhood, thofe who robbed us 
vvere galley fiaves, that, almoft in 
this very place, were fet at liberty by 
a man (b valiant, as to let them all 
loofe, in fpite of the commilTary and 
his guards. Without all doubt he 
mult have been deprived of his (enfesj 
or as great a villain as any of thofe he 
freed^ or fonie perfon void of all 
confcience and feeling, who could thus 
turn loofe the wolf among the lambs, 
the fox among the poultry, and the 
(lies among the honey- pots j defraud- 
ing ju(lice, and rebelling againft his 
.king and rightful fovereign, by acting 
contrary tohis juil commands, in de- 
privigg the gallies of their hands, and 
puitiug iti confu(k>n tlie holy brother- 
hood, which have continued Co many 
years in undifturbed rcpofe : in flwrt, 
^e hath dene, a deed that may tend to 

* the perdition of his<»wn foul at well as 

* body.' 

Sancho bad before recounted to thentf 
the adventure of the galley- ilaves, whidi 
he had atchieved with fo much gl*ryi 
and therefore, the curate urged it Bome^ 
in order to obferve the behaviour of Don 
Quixote, who changed colour at every 
word, without daring to own himfelf 
the deliverer of that worthy crew* 
Thofe,' added the prieft, * vTere the 
perfons who rifled us^ and God of 
his infinite mercy forgive the man 
who prevented the puniihment they 
^o richly deferved V 



SCARCE had the curate pronoun- 
ced this apoftrophe, when Sancho 

blundered out, ' Then, in good faith» 
Mr. Licentiate, he who peiformed 
this exploit, was no other than my 
mafterj not that I negle£led to tell 
and advife him beforehand, to con* 
fider vrhat he was about, and thinic 
what A fin it would be to let loofe 
thofe who were going to the gallies 
for the moft grievous enormities/-— 
You blockhes^d,' cried Don Quixote, 

acenfed, * it neither concerns, nor be« 
longs to knights-errant, to examine 
whether the afHi^led, the enflaved, and 
opprefTed^whom they meet an the high* 
way, are reduced, to thefe wretched 
circumltances by their crimes, or 
their misfortunes; our bufinefs is only 
to a(rift them in their diftrefs, having 
an eye to their fufFerings, and not to 
their demerits. I chanced to light 
upon a (Iring of miferable and dif- 
conten ted objects, in behalf of whom ' 
I a£led according to the di£lates of 
my religion, without minding the 
confequencej and he who takes um- 
brage at what I have done, faving the 
facred chara^er and hpnourable per- 
fon of Mr. Licentiate, is, I infift 
upon it, utterly ignorant of chivalry, 
and lyes like the bafe-bom fofi of a 
whore; and this aflinrtion I will make 
good with nay iWord, in the mofl 
' y * ample 



* ampk manner/ So faying, he fixed 
•himielfin t(ieftiiTups> and cocked his 
beaver; the barber^s bafon, which he 
miftook for Mambrino*^ helmet, hang- 
ing ufelefs at the faddle-bow, until the 
damage it received from the galley- 
tfiTes could be repaired. , 

Dorothea, who was equally prudent 
and witty, underftandtng that every 
body preKnt, except Sancbo, diverted 
themielves with the extravagant hu- 
mour of Don Quixote, was willing to 
have her (hane of the entertainmenti 
and accordingly, perceiving that his jW- 
4lgnation was raifed, < Sir knighr^Maid 
five, * I hope your worfliip willremem- 

* ber your promife to me, by which 

* you are reftriAed from engaging in 

< any other adventure, howfoever pref- 

* Qng it may be. Subdue your refent- 

< metit, therefore, and be aflfured, that 
^ had Mf . Licentiate known the gailey- 

* flaves were fet at liberty by that in* 
«. vincible ami, he would have taken 

* three ftitches in his mouth, and bit 
' his tongue dirfle times, rather than 

* have uttered one word that (hoiild re- 

< dound to the prejudice of your wor-* 

* (bip/^** That I fwear I would have 

* done,* faid the curate ; < aye, and have 

* plucked off one of may whifkers to 

* boot/-«-Madam,*anrweredthekni^ht, 

< I am iiient. I will retrain the juft 

* indignation which begins to rife with- 

* in me, and proceed in the utmoft 
^ peace and quiet, until I fliail have 

< fulfilled the boon I proi^ifed to your 

* highnefsj but, in iti^ompence for 

* this my kind intention, 1 befeeeh 

< you, if it be not too much trouble, 

< to make me acquainted with the na- 

* ture of your misfortune ^ and tell 
' me the number, quality, and condi- 

* tion of thofe perfons on whom I am 

< to take jaft fatisfa^lion and full ven- 
^ feancer in yourbehalF.'— * With all my 

* heart,* anfwered Dorothea j < though 

< I am afiVid of tiring you with a re- 
' cital of my woes and mtsfortvnes.* 
The knight affurcd her thitt would be 
impoinblei and ihe refumed, * Well 

* tlten, be fo good as tO favour me with 

* your attention.* 

At tbefe words, Cardenio and the 
barber went up clofe to her, in order to 
hear what ftory ihe, in her difcretion, 
would invent; and Sancho Panza, 
who was as much deceived as his maf- 
ter followed their example. After flie 
bad feattd hsrfelf firmly in the faddlc^ 

cleared her pines with a^ hem or tiNff » 

and made other preliminary geftitres, 

(he with great fprighrliners tnds began s 

* In the firft place, gentlemen, yo« 

* muft know, that my name is ■ * 
Here ihe made a full itop, having for- 
got how the curate had chriftened her \ 
but this defeft wis foon remedied; for, 
immediately conceiving the caufe of her 
heiitation, he faid, * it is no wonder, 

* Madam, that your highnefs is diflurb- 
' ed and difordered at V^e recol]e6Hoh of 

* your misfortunes, which ane often fo 

* great, as to impair the memory to inch 

< a degfiee, that the affli6led cannot even 

* remember their own names : thiselFeft 

* they have had upon you. Madam, 

* who ha^ve forgot mkx you are the prin- 

* cefs Micoroicona, legitimate heirefs 

* of the great kingdom of MicomiCon. 

< With the ailiftance of this hint, your 

* highnefs will eafily i-ecsCl the whole 

* thread of your ftory, to your (brrow- 
.* ful remembrance.*—* You arc in the 

« rigjht,* replied the damfel; *and I be- 
' lieve I ihall be able to bring my true 
' narrative to a' happy conclufion, ^th- 

* out farther prompting. 

* The king, my father, whofe name 

* was Tinacrio the fage, forefaw, by 

* his profound ikill in magick, that my 
' mother, who was called Queen Zara- 

* milla, would die beforenim; and 

* that, as he himfelf muft quit this life 

* foon after, I ihould be left an ^elp- 

* lefs orphan ; but this conGderaitiony 

< he faid, did not give him fo much 

< pain and confufion, as the certain 

* foreknowledge that a roonftr6us giant, 

* lord of a great iiland that. bordered o« 

< our kingdom, called Pandafilando of 

< the Oloomv Afpeft : (for, it is'afEnn* 

* ed, that although his eyes are, like 

* any other j>erfon*s, placed in the mid- 

* die of his face, he always looks 

* aikance, as if he fquinted ; and this 

< obliquity the malicious tyrant prac- 

* ttfes, in order to furprize and intimi- 

< date thofe who behold him;) I faf, 

* my father forefaw by his art, that this 

* giant, informed of my being an or- 

* phan, would invade me with a great 

* army, and deprive me of my whole 
' kin^oih, without leaving fo nmch ar 

* a village for my retreat; and that 

< nothing could prevent this my^vaSy^ 

* and misfortune, unlefs I would cob^ 

* fent to marry htm ; though, fo far at 
' he could iearn, it wbuld never come 

* into my thoughts to make fueh sft 

< wequal 


\mequal match j afid truly his con« 
jefture was well founded; for, it ne- 
ver entered into my head» to wed this 
giant, or any other perfon, faowlbev^r 
tall and unmeafurable he might be. 
My father, therefore, advifed me, 
that when, after his death, I (hould 
gpt notice that Fandafilando was be- 

S'nning to invade my kingdom, I 
ould not (lay to put myfeirin a pof- 
ture of defence, which would prove 
my de(lru£lioa^ but freely leave him 
the polfeflion of my realms, if I was 
refolved to avoid my own death, and 
to prevent the total deftru£lion of my 
good and faithful fubjeflsi for it 
would be impofllble to defend myfclf 
againft the infernal force of the 
giant : butj that I fliould immediately 
iet out for Spain, where I would find 
a remedy for all my misfortunes, in 
the perfon of a certain knight- eirant, 
whofe fame would be at that time 
fpread over the whole kingdom, and 
whofe name, if I right remember, 
would be Don Hackfot, or Kickfot.* 

-7-' Don Quixote, your ladyfliip would 
fay/ cries' 8ancho, interpofing, * alias 
the Knight of the Rueful Counte- 
nance.'— * The very fame/ replied 

Dorothea j ' he told me, moreover, that 
this knight would be a tall man, 
with a long meagre vifage, and have 
pn his right fide, below his left (houl- 
der, or thereabouts, a grey mole gar- 
ni(hed with hairs, which bear fome 
;'efembhnce to a hog^s briftles.' 
Don Qui|cote hearing this circuro- 

(bance, faid to his fquire, * Come hither, 
ion Sancho, and help me to ftrip j 
for I want to fee if I am actually 
the knight of whom that fage king 
foretold.'—* Why fliould your wor- 
Ihip ftrip V faid Dorothea. * In order 
tq fatisfy myielf about that mole 
which your royal father mentioned ?* 

ir»* You need not give youiTelf the 
trpuble,^ faid Sancho, * I know your 
worfhip hath juft fuch a mole on the 
middle of your back- bone, which is 
a fign of ftrength.'- * That affurance 
is fuificient,* refufk^ed Dorothea, ' for, 
among friends, w^ ought not to (land 
upon trifles ; and it is of very little 
confequence whether (h^ mole be upgn 


the flioulder or the back-bone; pro- ' 
vided there is really fuch a mark on 
any part of vour body, which it all 
compoied of tlie fame flefli; without 
doubt my worthy father was r^ht 
in every thing he prognoftieated § and 
I have exaAly foUowra his diredions* 
in recommending my caule to the pro- 
te^kion of Signior Don Quixote, who 
is certainly the individual knight my 
father defcribedj fince his features 
correfpond with his fame, which &lls 
not only Spain, but likewife the whole 
province ox La Mancha* ; for fcarce ' 
had I landed at OlTuna, than hearing 
of his vaft exploitSi my.miadiaggefted 
that he muft oe the Very perfon I came 
in queft of.*-^* How could %out hish- 
nefs,* faid Don Quixote, * land at 
Offuna, which is not a fea-portr 
Before (he had time jo make a reply, 
the curate took the ta(k uoon himiefr, 
faying, * The princefs muft mean, (hat 
' after (lie landed at Malap, Ofluna 
was the firft place in which Aie beard 
of your worfliip.*— >* That was my 
meaning,* faid Dorothea. < There is 
nothing more plain,* anfwened the 
prieft ; ' and now your jnajefty may 
proceed.' — * t have nothing more to 
fay,* refumed the princefs, ' but that, 
at length, deftiny has been Co favour- 
able to me, in my finding Don Quix- 
ote, I reckon and look upon myfelf 
as queen again, and mith-efs of my 
whole realms, iince out of his great ' 
courtefy and magnificence, he hath 
promidMl, in confequence of the boon 
I aiked, to go with me whither/bever * 
I (hall condudl him { and my inten<* 
tion is no other tnan to bring him 
face to face with Pandafilando of the 

* Gloomy Afpeft, that he may, by put- 
. * ting him to death, reffore me to the 
/ poifefllion of that which hefo unjuftly 

* ufurpSi and allthiswiil Uterallyhappen, 
. ' as it was propheiied by my worthy fa» 

ther Tinacriothe Sige, who hath alfo 
left it written in Chaldean or Greek 
chara^ers, for I cannot read them, 
that if the knight mentioned in the 
prophecy (hould, after having cut off 
the giant's head, demand me in mar* 
riage, I mutt inftantjy accept of him 
as my lawful hufband, without the 

* This U a diverting example of the Bathos, not unlike that anticlimax repealed in 
the art of (inking. 

Nor Alps, nor Appenines could keep us otit. 
Nor fortified redoubt ! 

Y a Mcaft 

aft I 




mine (hall not be impaiu-ed, noft high > 
and virtuous lady!* faid l^on Quisc-. 
ote, * by all the misfortunes I fhall un-> . 
dergo m your fervice, let them be ne- 
ver fo great and unprecedente4 : there- 
fore I again coniinn the boon I have . 
promifed, and fwear to attend yop 
even to the world'* end, until I get 
fight of that ferocious advcrl'ary of 
yours, whdfe proud head I hope to 
flice off, with the afliftance of Godj, 
my own arm, and the edge of this 
(I will not fay ffood) fword ; thank-S 
to Gines de PafSmonte who run away 
with my own *.' This la<l apoiirophe 
he muttered between his te^th^ and then 
proceeded aloud, faying,^* and after I 

* fhall have deprived him of his head, . 

* and put you in peaceable pofleflibn of 

* your throne, you (hall be a^ free li- 
« berty to difpofe pf your J^erfon, ac- 

* cording to your own will and plea- 

* fure; for, whilf my memory is en- 

* grofed, my will en/laved, and ray un- 

* derltanding fubje6led to her who. ■ x 

* i fay no more ; but, that it is impof- 

* fible I fhould incline^ or haypiheleaft 

* thought towards, marrying any other 

* perfon, though Ihe were * perfeft 

* phoenix.* 
Sancho was fo much di/gu(led^t thiat 

laft declaration of his malter, refufing 
the marriage, that raifing his voice, he 
cried with great indignation, ' Signiov 

* Don Quixote, I vow and fwear your 

* worfhip is crazy, elfe you would never 

* boggle at marrying fuch a high-born 

* princefs as this! Qo you imagine 

* tha^ fortune will offer fuch good lucjc 

* at every turn, as fhe now prefcnts ? 

* or pray, do you think my Lady DuU 

* cinea more handfome than th^ prin- 

* cefs ? I am fure (lie is not half fo beau- 

* tiful, and will even venture to fay, 

* that ftie is not worthy to tie her ma- 

* jetty's Ihoc-itrings. How the plaguy 

* fJiall I ever obtain the earldom I ex,- 

* pe6t, if your worfhip goes thus a- 

* filliing for mulhrooms at fea ? Marry 

* her, marry her, in the devil's name, 

* without much ado j lay hold on thisi 

* kingdom that drops, as it were, inio 

* your hand j and, after your corona- 
,* tion, make me a Ynarqui? or iord- 
' lieutenant, and then the devil, if he 

* will, may run away, with the reft.* 
Don Quixote was enraged, when he 

«* If the knight was robbed of bis own fword by Giaes^ where did he £jid that which 
he wore on this cccofion ? 


* leafl hefitation, and give him imme- 

* diate poiftftion of iny perfon and 

* throne.' 
Don Quixote^ hearing thi$ ctrccini« ' 

ibttee, cfied, « What do you think ' 

* mcf^, friend Sancho? do you hear] 

* what paAes ? and did not I tell thee ' 

* Hf much ? Obfcrve now, whether or 

* not we have not a queen to marry, 

* and a kingdom to govern.* — * Ad- 

* tccktn, it IS even fot* cried the 
fcfurt ) < and plague upon the fon of a 

* "whore who refufes to marry her, as 

* foon a« Mr. Pandahiladt)e*s weazond 

* it cut ; thdn, what a delicate morfel 

< the queen is! odd, I wifh all the fleas 

< in my bed were fuch as fee !* So fay- 
ixvgf lie cut a brace of capers, with 
merkt of infinite fatisfa^lion ^ then run- 
niligup, and takitig hold of the bridle 
of Dorothea*^ mule, made her halt, 
while he, falling down on his knees be- 
fore her, befought the princefs to let 
him kiiil her hand, in token of his re- 
ceiving 'her as his queen and mifirefs. 
Which of the company could behold 
the madnefs of the mafter, and the fim-. 
plicity of the man, without laughing ! 
J>Mrdtkea actually' g;a^e him her hand, 
and promiied to make him a grandee, 
a9 foon as, by the favour of Heaven, 
ihe'fliould be reftored to the pofTeflion of 
her kibgdom i and he thanked her in 
terms which redoubled the mirth of all 

* This, gentlemen,' added the dam- 
fel^ * is my flory, and nothing now re- 
mains but to tell you, ihat of all the 
people 'who attended me when I left 
■ay own country, not one furvives, 
except this well-bearded fquirej all 
the reft having peri Hied in a dreadful 
Aorm that overtook us after we were 
within fight of land : he and I mi- 
caculoufly floated tp the (hore on tv(ro 
planks J and indeed the whole courfe 
of my life, as you may have obferved 
tn my narration, hath been full of 
myllerv and wonder. If I have in 
any thing exceeded the bounds of cre- 
dibility, or been lefs accurate than I 
ought, I hope you will impute it to 
that caufe affigned by the licentiate, 
in the beginning of my ftory; name- 
ly, the continual and extraordinary 
aa|t6lioq, that often impairs the me- 
mory oiF the ^unfortunate.*— r* But, 

DgN -q^wixcnp. 


hfiafd iiicb blafpliemles vtteced a^inft 
hijs mlArefs Dulcinea, and lifting up 
his lance, without fpeaking' a fyllabk, 
or giving 'the leaft notice of his inten- 
tion, difcharged two iuch hearty blows 
upon the ff^uire, as brought him in- 
ftantly to the ground, and had not Do- 
rothj|a called aloud, and begged of him 
to forbear, would certainly have mur- 
dered poor Sancho on the fpot. * Do you 
think,* ^id he, after fom^ paufe, 
.you plebeian fcoundrel^ that I >\ill al- 
ways ftand with niy hands in my 
pockets I and that there is nothing to 
oe done, but for you to miibehave, 
and for nie to forgive you ? 1*11 teach 
you better manners, you exco^n^ujai- 
cated rafcal ^ for fuch to be fure you 
ar^, elif^ you would not wag your 
toi^e againit the peerlefs Pulcinea. 
Dou*t you Jcnow, you grovelling beg- 
garly viOaiu, that vvere it not tor the 
valour with which ilie iofpires this 
arm, I (hould not have enough to kill 
a flea ? Tell me, you 'viperifti fcofier, 
what you think hath won this king* 
dom» cut off the giaxu*s head^ and 
made you a marquis, for all this I 
look upon as already done and de- 
termined? Is it not the valour of 
Dulcinea that makes uXe of my arm 
as the inllrument of her exploits ?, In- 
me (he 6ghts and overcomes ^ in her 
I live,, breathe, and have my being. 
O thou whorefon, ungrateful ruffian, 
who feed thyfelf raifed from theduft 
of the earth' to the rank of nobility, 
and repayeft the obligation by ilan* 
dering thy benefa^refs .* 
Sancho was not fo roughly handled 
but h^ heard every fyllable that his 
maHer ipoke ^ and, ftarting up as nimbly 
as he cpuld, ran behind Dorothea's 
palfrey, from whence, he faid to the 
knight, • Pray, Sir, if your worship 
< is determined again ft marrying this 

* great princefs, is it not plain, that the 

* kingdom cannot be yours ; and if that . 

* be the caie, what favours caiv you be- 

* Itow upon me ? This is what I coro- 
« plain of. Iwouldyourworfhipwouid, 

* once for all, marry this queen, who 

* is, as it were, rained down from 

* Heaven upon us ^ and then you may 
' converlp with my Lady Qu lei nea, ac- 

* cording to the culiom.,of ionxp kings 

* who keep concubmes. As to the 
f affair of beauty, I will not inter* 
^ meddle j hut, if the truth ipay be 
9 told, I like thejxi l^oth very weli| 

thotigh I never faw my Lady Pulci- 

nea in my life.'—-* How! xxot feen 
her, blafphempus tr^tor!* cried Don 
Q^xote; * have you not jull brought a 
meff^ge from her?*—* I lay,' anfwered 
Sancho^ ' that when I f:iw her, . I had 
not an ppportunity of examining the. 
particulars of her beauty and good, 
qualities one by one ; but all together. 
Ihe pleaicd me very rauch.*-^* ^o^, 
Sancho/ faid Don Quixote> * I ex- 
culpate thee, and thou mutk forgive 
what X did in my wrath $ for no man 
can command the firft emotions of his- 
paflion,'— * That I can plainly per-, 
celve,* anlwered the fquire, '^ and> 
therefore, .the defire of fpeaking is al-. 
ways' the £rfl m6tion in me ; and 
truly, when once my tongue begins 
to itch, I cannot for my blood keep, 
it within ray teeth.'—* For all that,, 
friend Sancho,* faid the knight, * I 
would have you coniider before yon- 
fpeak ; for, though the pitcher goes 
often to the well — 1 need not mention 
what follows.*—* In good time,' re- 
plied the fquire, * there is a God above, 
who fees the fnare, and will judge 
which of us is moil to blame j I m 
fpeaking, or your worOilp in. doing. 
eviU*^* Let there be no more of this, 
Sancho,' faid Dorothea, * but run 
and kifs your mailer's hand, and beg 
his pardon ^ and henceforth fet abet- 
ter guard upon your praife and dif- 
paragement j above all things, beware 
of faying any thing to the prejudice 
of that Lady Tobofo, whom I know 
by nothing dfe than my inclination to 
ferve her ; and if you put your truft 
in God, you will not fail of acquiring 
fome eftate, by which you will live 
^ like a prince.' 

Sancho toul^ her advice, and, hang- 
ing his head, went to beg a kifs of his 
ma(ter*s hand, which was granted with 
great (olemnity of deportment j nay, 
the knig?it gave him his blefling alfo^ 
defiring he would attend him while he 
rode ou a little before the red of the 
company, that he might.have a better 
opportunity of aflcing a few queltions, 
and converfing with him about affairs 
of the utmoft importance. Sancho obey- , 
ed the order; and the two having ad- 
vanced a good way before the reft, 

* Since thy return,' faid Dop QjiixQte, 
^ I have had neither time nor conve- 
^ nience, to enquire about many par* 

* ^culdT cii'cumltances of thy embaffy, 

« with 



* with the anrwei^ thoa haft brcHi^ht % 

* and now that fortune favonrs us 
' with a fit opportunity! tbou rauft' not 
« deny me the pleafure I ihall receive 

* from thy agreeable information/— 
< Yonr wocfliipy' anfwered the {quire, 
' may aik as many queftions as you 

* l^eafe : I ihall make every thing come 

* out as dear as it went in ; but I in- 

* ti-eat your worihip, dear Sir, not to 

* be fo revengeful for the future.'— 

ntng to his afs, embracid ft «rith great 
afeaion, faving, < How haft thou been, 

* my dear Dapple? my trufty compa- 

* nion and joy of my eycsT Then 
kifTed and careuedit as if it had been « 
Chriftian s while Dapple very peaceably 
received thefe demonftratlons of love and 
kindnefs, without anfwering one vii#rd. 
The whole company wtfhed him joy 
of his recovery 5 particularly Don Quix- 
ote, who affured him, that -although he 

* Why doft thou call me revengeful ?' ' had ijctricved Dapple, the prarailc of 
iaid the knight. * Becaufe,* iTfumed ' the three ccits ihould not be annulled | 
fhe fquire, * thofe blows I was juil now and Sancho thanked ^im for his gene- 

• honoured with, were more owing to 

• >he quarrel the devil picked between 
« ws, t'other night, than to any thing 

♦ 1 faid againft my Lady Duldnea, 

* yrhom I love and reverence as a re- 

• lick, though (he be not one, ftierely, 

♦ becaufe fhe appertains to your wor- 
f'fk'ip.'' — * No more of thefe refleflions, 
*' on thy life,^ (aid Don Quixote $ * elfe 

* thou will give me frefti umbrage : I 


While the mafter and man werccon- 
verfintt by themfeives, the curate told 
Dorothea, that /he had behaved with 
great difcretion in her (lory, both with 
regard to the matter and bi^vity of it, 
as well as the retemblance it bore fo 
thoie legends that are found in books of 
chivalry. She obferved that (he had 
employed a good part of her leifure 

* freely forgave thee at that time, and' time in reading fuch romances; but, 
« thou knowcft, that, according to the being ignorant of the fituation rfdif- 

• common obfervation. Every new fault fcrent provinces and f<?a-ports, (hejiad 
f defervcs a new penapcc.' fpoke at random, when (he mentioned 

While this converfation paflTed be- ' her landing at Ofluna.' — * I thought fo,' 

to be a gypde ; but Sancho Panza, who 
lent his foul abroad vvith his eyes, to 
examine every afs th^t appeared, no 
Iboner behdd the rider, than he'reco?- ' 
nized Gines de Paflkmonte, and by the 
thread of the gypiie djfcovcred the clue ' 
pf his own alsj for, it was a^lually 
Dapple that carried Paflfamonte, who, 
for the better convenience of felling the 
heifty had difguifed himfelf in the drefs 
'of a gypQCf whofe language, with ma- ' 
ny others, he could fpeak as fluently as 
his mother -tongue, Sancho faw and 
jecollefted him, and no fooner had he 
feen and recollected him, than,he bel- 
lowed forth,' * Ah, villain, GinefiUo ! 

* rettore my goods ! give me back the 

* comfort of my life! rob me not of 
< my heart's content J give me my afs ! 
« give me my darling! Fly, thief! (kip^ 

* robber ; and feek not to prcfervp tl^at 

* which is none of thy own.' 

There was no need of all this ex- 
clamation and reproach ; for Gines leap 

facility this poor unfortunate gentle- 

* man fwallows all thofe lyes and fie- 

* tions, merely, becaufe they ai*e de- 

* iivcred in the ftile and mapner of his 

* nonfenfical books ?'— * So very ftrange 
•and fingolar,' faid Cardenio, * that 

< I qaeftion if there be any genius 

* whoever, fo fertile as to frame fuch 
« a charafter by the mere force Of in- 

* vention.'-r-* And what is a very re- 

* markable circumttance,* teplied the 
curate, * waving thofe extravagancies 

* which this worthy eentleman utter% 

* upon the fubjeft of his diforder, he 

* can difcourfe upon other topicks with 

< ilirpriztng ability, and appears to be a 

< man of great knowledge and inteU 

< h^Si fo that, if you do npt touch 

< upon chivalry, his hearers muft look 

< upon him as a perfon of excellent un- 

< derftanding.' 

While they were engaged in thTs con- 
verfation, Don Quixote proceeded in 
his with Sancho; to whom he faid. 

ed off at thf (^r(t vyord, ai^d at a pretty ' ' Come, friend Panaa, let us foiget 
round trot, which might have paHed for ' * what is paft, with regard toainmo- 
a gallop, made the bell pf his way, and * fity, and tell me, without any inm- 
vafiihed in a twinkling;* Sancho rui^; < d^ent of rancour and refeutmeutj where 

• and 




anH how you found Dulcinea ? What 
was (he doing ? What did fiie fay ? 
What anfwer did (he' make ? How 
did (he look when (he read my letter ? 
Who tranfcrrbed it for her perufal } 
Thefe particulars, and every other 
ciTcum(tance of the afEair^ which you 
think worthy to be known, a(ked, aod 
anfwered« I expefl you will explain, 
vrithout feeking to mcreafe my plea- 
fure with falfe additions, much lefs 
to dimini(h it by malicious omiflion/ 
— — * Signior,* anfwered Sancho^ * if the 
''truth muft be told, nobody tran- 
fcribed the letter ; becaufe I had no 
letter to be tranfcribed/ — * That is 
very true,' replied the knight j * tor, 
two days after thy departure, I found 
the pocket-book m which it was writ- 
ten; a circum(iance that gave me in- 
finite pain, as I could not conceive 
what thou woyldft do when the mis- 
take (hould appear j indeed I always 
imagined thou wouldft have returned 
hither immediately upon the difco- 
very.'— < That would certainly have 
been the cafe,' faid the fquire, < if, 
when your wor(hip read it to m^ I had 
not retained it in my memory, fo perfeft 
as to be able to di&ate jt to a parifh 
clerk, who, as I repeated, tranlcribed it 
foexaAly, that he faid, in all the days 
of his life, though he had read many 
letters of excommunication, he had 
never (een fuch a clever letter as yours** 
— * And doft thou ftill retain it V faid 
Don t^ixote. * No, Sir,' replied San* 
ho. < For, after I had put it into her 
hand, I thought there was no farther 
occalion to retain it, and therefore 
let it flip out of my remembrance j or« 
if any part remains, it is that of the 
fubterrene, I mean fovereign ladv, 
andtheconcluiionf, Yours till deatfi^ 
the Knight of the Rueful Counte- 
nance | with about three hundred 
Ibuls, and lives, and pigfnies, which 
1 ftt down in the middle.' 



^ ALL this is pretty well j proceed 1* 

' jl\ faid Don-Quixote: * now was 

* .that .^Uftn of beaut/ employed, whea 


ou arrived ?• I ^are fay, you found 

er ftringing pearls, or embroidering 

foke device for this her cSiptive knigbt» 

with threads of gold.'—* Noi truly/ 

anfwered the fquire^ * I found her win- 
nowing two bu(hels of wheat in the 
yard.' — * Then you may depend 
upon it,' refumed the knight, * the 
grains of that wheat were converted 
into pearls by the touch of her hand ; 
and didli thou observe, my friend » 
whether it was of the finer or com- 
mon fort ?' — • Why, neither t* faid 

Sancho; ' it feemed to be, as it were, red 
wheat.'—* But, (jnce it was winnow- 
ed by her fair hands,' anfwered Don 

Quixote, * I dare afHrm, it will make 

* the whiteft bread in Spain. Go on. 
with thy information. When the let- 
ter was delivered, did (he not kifs it, 
and place it on the crown of her head» 
in t^ken of refpe^ ? Did (he not per- 
form (bme ceremony worthy of fuch 
a letter ? Pray, how did (he receive 
it ?' — * When I prefented the letter,* 

anfwered Sancho, * (he was in a maix» 
hurry, winnowing a large heap of 
wheat that was in her (ieve ^ and faid 
to me, ** Friend, lay down the letter 
on that fack ^ for I cannot pretend 
to read it, until I have made an end 
of my work."—* Difcreet lady!' 

Tied the knight ; * her intention Cer- 
tainly was to read it at her leifure, that 
(he might recreate herfelf with the 
contents. Proceed, Sancho ; and while 
(he was thus employed, what con- 
verfation mfftd between you ? what 
queftions did (he aik concerning me ^ 
and what an(wersdidft thou make?,' 
Recount the whole, without leaving 
one fy liable untold.' 
* She alked me no queftions,' replied 

the fquire; * but I told her, how I had 
left your wor(hip doing penance for 
Jove of her, (kipping among thofe 
rocks^ naked from the waift up- 
wards, like a mere favage, fleepio^ 
on the bare ground} neele£ling to 
eat your food like a Chriilian, or to 
comb your beard like a decent man ; 
but whining, and weeping, and curf- 
ing yout fortune.' — * If you fild 
I curfed my fortune, you mifrfr- 
prefented me,' faid Don Quixote; * for 
I blefs my fate, and wilTblefs it all 
the days of my life, for having made 
roe worthy to afpire to the love of fuch 
an high lady as Dulcinea del Tobo- 
fo/«»<iiigh indeed!' anfwered San- - 



Don <yrixoTB 

cho, ' for, m faith, fhe is a good hand 
taller than I am.'—* How haft thou 
been wieafu red with her, Sancho?* 

faid tlie krvight. Til tell you how,' 
nfwbred the fquire; ' while I was help- 
ing to lay a load of corn upon an .ais, 
we came To cloie together, that I 
could eailly perceive (he over topped 
me by a full hand.' — * That may be 
true,'' faid' Don Quixote j * though 
her tallnefs is accompanied and adorn- 
ed by a myriad of mental graces. 
But this you will not deny, San- 
cho, that while you was (o near her, 
your noftrils were regaled by a Sabasan 
odour, an aromatick fragrance, a cer- 
tain delicious fenfation, for which 
there is no name. I mean, a fcent, a 
perfume, fuch as fills the (hop of 
fbme curious glover.'-—* All that I 
can fay/ anfwered Sancho, * is, that I 
was fenfiblc of a fort of raramifti fmell, 
which I believe was owing to her being 
in a muck fweat with hard work.^-— 
That is impofiible,' cried the knight; 
thy fenfc mu^ have been depraved, or 
that fmell muft have proceeded from 
thy own body; for I am perfe611y 
well acquainted with the odour of 
that rofe among briars, that lily of 
the valley, that liquid amber.' — • It 
may be fo,' faid Sancho : « I have of- 
ten known fuch fmelh come from 
myfelf, as then feemed to come from 
my Lady Dutcinea ; but that isnot to 
be wondered at; becaufe, as the fay- 
ing is, every fiend may ftink of bri in- 
tone. — * Well, then,' added Don 

Quixote', * (he hath now wlimowed the 
wheat and fent it to the mill; how 
did (he behave after (he had read my 
letter ?' — * The letter,; anfwered Sap- 

cho, * was not read at all $ for, as (he 
could neither read nor write, (he 
chofe to rend and tear it to pieces, ra- 
ther than give it to any body who 
jnight pubb(h her lee rets in the vil- 
lage, faying, (lie was very well fatls- 
iied with the information I gave her 
by word of mouth, concerning your 
worfliip's love for her, and the extra- 
ordinary penance I left you doing on 
hfx account. Finally, (he bade rate 
tell you, that (he kifled your wor- 
(hip's hands, being much more defir- 
ous of feeing than writing ta you; 

* Literally, Sleeves arc good even after 
late^ it U never unfeafonaUe* 

and therefore (he entreated and com* 
manded your wor(hip, by thefe pre- 
fents, to quit this deiart, and leave otf 
playing the fool, and forthwith (et 
out on your journey to Tobofo, pro- 
vided that fomething elfe of greater 
importance, (hould not happen, for 
(he longed very much for a (ight of 
your wor(hip, and laughed heartily 
when I told her, that you had takei\ 
the name of the Knight with th^ 
Rueful Countenance.' When I aiked, 
if the Bifcayan had been lately witVi 
her, (he anfwered, «* Yes" ; and that 
he was very much of a' gentleman j 
but, when I enquired about the gal- 
ley -(laves, (he faid ihe had as yet feea 
none of them.* 
' Hitherto all goes well,' faid the 

knight, « but pray tell me what jewel 
(he gave you at parting, for the news 
you had brought of me her lover; for 
it is an ancient pra6lice and cuftom 
among knights-errant and their mif- 
trcfTes, to bcftow upon their fquires, 
damfels, or dwarfs, who bring theni 
news of each other, fome rich jewel, 
as a reward and acknowledgement 
for the melfage.' — * It may be fo,' 

faid Sancho, • and I think it an excel- 
lent cuftom, but that muft have been 
in time paft ; for in this age it is 
cuftomary to g^ve nothing but a piece 
of bread and chcefe, which was all 
the prefent I received from ray Lady 
Dulcinea, who reached it over the 
yard wall, when I took my leave; 
by this token, that the chcefe was 
made of ewe's milk.'—' She is libe- 
ral to cxcefs,' faid the knight ; * and if 
(he omitted giving thee a jewei, it muft 
certainly have been owing to her not 
having any by her; but all in good 
time * ; I (hall fee her (bon, and then 
every thing will be iet to rights. Yet 
there is one thing, Sancho, which 
overwhelms me with aftoni(h9ient.. 
Yoii feem to have travelled through 
the air; for you have fpent little 
more than three days in your journeyj 
though Tobofo is niore tlian thirty 
leagues di(huat from hence. Fmn 
this extraordinafy expedition, I con- 
jed:iire, tthat the fage, wko is my 
friend, zml inteoefte himfetf in my 
a(Fairs, and fuch there certaktly is. 

.- V 

Eafter; !• e. Though a g^i thmg «^ie» 



f ais4 ynvft be« e\G^ I ihould be no 
true .knigbt' errant J I fay, this in-, 
chanter mbft have afiifted thee in thy. 
journey^ though thou didft not per- 
ceive it; for fome there ard of that 
clafs, who will take up a knight-er-. 
rant while be is alleep^n his bed, and 
without his knowing any thing of the 
matter^ he ihall awake next morning 
in fome j>tace .more than a thoufand 
leagues n^m the houfe where he took 
up his lodging the night before } and 
without fuch fudden tranfportations, it 
would be impK>flible for knights to 
fuccour each other in diilrefs, as they 
frequently do. A knight-errant, for 
example, happens to be fighting in 
the defarts of Armenia, with A>me 
fierce dragon, dreadful goblin, or ri- 
val knight i and being worfted, and 
juft at the point of being ilain, be- 
hold, when he leaft expe6is 'k, there 
fuddenly appears in a cloud or fiery 
chariotj another knight, a friend of 
his, who but a minute before refided 
in England, and who aflifts and deli- 
vers him from death j and that fame 
night, he finds himfelf Tupping at his 
eafe in his own houfe, which is often 
two or three tbouiand leagues from 
the field of battle : and alt this is ef- 
feded by the indiiftry and art of (age 
inchanters, who take thofe valiant 
knights under their protection. 
^ Wl)erefore, friend Sancho^ I can 
eaiily believe that thou haft in fo 
little time^ travelled from hence to 
Tobofo and back again $ becaufe, as 
I have already obferved, fome friendly 
^ fage muil have carried thee through 
' the air, though thou didft not per- 
ceive it.* — ' Not unlikely,' replied the 
fquire, ' forj in good faith, Rozinante 
' went like a gypfy*s afs, with quick- 
\ filver in his ears 4'—' With quickfil- 

* ver,' cried the knight j * aye, and a 

* legion of daemons to boot, who are 
' beings that travel themfelves, and 

* make other people travel as fall as 

* they pleafe, without tiring.* 

, ' But^ waving tliis fubjell, how doeft 
\ thou think I ought to regulate my 

* condtt6l, now that my milTrefs com- 

* roands me to appear in her prcfence ! 
^ for, although! nnd myfelf obliged to 

* comply with her orders, t am utterly 
I incapacitated by the boon I have grant- 
' ed to this pritcefs: and I am bouivd 

* by the laws of chivalrv to fulfil my 
fr^mikf btfore 1 indulge my incline- 


tion. On one band, I arh perfecuted 
and harraffed by the defire of feeing. 
Dulcinea ; on the other, I am incited 
and invited by my honour and th^ 
glory I fhali acquire in this ehterpriae. 
I am therefore determined to travel 
with all expedition, until t arrive at 
the place where the giant refides; and^ 
when I (hall have reftored the prin* 
cefs to the peaceful poffeilion of her 
kingdom, after having fhortened the 
ufurper by the head, I will return to 
the rays of that beauty which en- 
lightens my thoughts, and excufe 
myfelf in fuch a manner as to obtain 
her' forgivenefs, as fhe will plainly 
perceive that my delay tended to the 
nicreafe of her glory and fame^ fee* 
ing all my reputation in arms, paft^ 
prefent, or to come, proceeds rroni 
her favour and inrpiration.*<— ^ Lord I 

cried Saticho, < how your worfhip is 
concerned about a parcel of pot* 
fheards. Pray fell me. Sir, do yoii 
intend to make this journey for no- 
thing, and to let fuch a rich and 
noble marriage as this flip through 
your fingers, while the doWry is no 
lefs than a kingdom, which I have 
actually heard is more than twtnt'f 
thoufand leagues round, plentifully 
ftored with evefy thing that is needful 
for the fuftenance of mortal man, and 
larger than Portugal and Cailile put 
together ? Hold your tongue, a Goid'a 
name, and take fhame to youffelf, for 
what you have faid; pardon my free- 
dom, take my advice, and marry in. 
the ^rft place where we can find a 
curate, or make ufe of our friend the 
licentiate, who will buckle you hand- 
fomely. Take notice, therefore, that 
I am of an age to give gOod couhfef^ 
and this that I offer will fit you to a 
hair, for a bird in hand is worth two 
in the bufhj and, as the faying is« 
He that hath good in bis view, ana 
yet will not eVil efcheW, his folly dc* 
ferveth to rue.* 

< Sancho,* anfvVered t}oTi Q^fixote, 
if thou advifeft me to marry, with a 
view of feeing me kine, after I fhall 
have killed the giant, that I may have 
an 'opportunity of rewarding thee with 
what I have promifed, thoti mull 
know that I can eafrly gratrfy thy 
wifhes, without wedding the princefs s 
for, before I engage iH the combat, 1 
will covenant, that, provided I come 

* «ff cpnquerori and decline the roar- 



* their own aiFatrs, as they have done 
' in mine.* Sancho, taking a luncheon 
of bread and cheefe from the ftore, gave 
it to the young man, faying, < Here, 
^ brother Andrew, take this j and now 

* we have all fliared in your misfor- 

* tune.* When Andrew aiked what 
ihare of it had fallen to him, he replied, 

* That (hare of bread and cheefe, which 
' I have given you; and God knows whe- 

* ther I ftjall not feel the lofsof itj for 

* y9u muftknow, friend, that wefquires 
' of knights -errant are fubjeftto many 

* a hungry belly, with other misfor- 

* tunes which are more eafily felt than 

* defcribed.' 

Andrew accepted of the bread and 
cheefe, and feeing that nobody offacd 
him anything elfe, made his bows, and as 
the faying i&, took his foot in his hand*. 
True it is, before he departed, he ad- 
dreifed himfelf to Don Quixote, fay- 
ing, * For the love of God ! Sirknight- 

* errant, if ever you meet me again^ 
< fpare yourfelf the trouble of coming 
' t6 my afliftance^ even though you 

* fliould iee me cut into minced meat, 
f but leave me to my misfortune, which 

* cannot be fo great, but that it may be 

* increafed by the fuccour of your wor- 

* (hip, whom God confound, together 

* with all the knights-errant that ever 

* were born.' Don Quixote darted up, in 
order to chaftife him, but he ran away 
with fuch nimblenefs, that nobody at- 
tempted to purfue him ; and the knight 
was fo afliamed of his exploit, that the 
company w^re at great pains to contain 
their laughter, to prevent his being quite 
out of countenance. 

CHAP. y. 



THEIR fumptuous meal being end- 
ed, they faddled their beads, and 
withoqt meeting any thing worthy of 
inention, arrived next day at the verV 
inn which was fo much the dread and 
terror of Sancho} but, unwilling as he 
•was to enter, he could not avoid going 
into it. The innkeeper, his wife, daugh- 
ter, and Mari tomes, feeing Don Qoijf- 
ote and Sancho at the gate, went out to 
receive theniy with great demonftrations 

of joy ; and the knight retitmed' Aeir 
compliments with grave dep ort ment an4 
folemn approbation, defiring them to 
prrepare a better bed for him than that 
which he had occupied before. To this 
demand, the landlady anfwered, that^ 
nrovided he would pay better than he 
did before, he (hould lie like a prince': 
he pfoniifed to fee her fatisfied, and they 
immediately made up a tolerable bed', 
in the fame garret where he'had formerly 
lodged, in which belaid himfelf down, 
very much diibrdered, both in body and 
mind. He was no fooner locked up in 
his chamber, than the landlady attack- 
ed the barber, and feizine him by the 
beard, cried, ^ By my faith! you (hall 
' no longer ufe ray tail for a beard. 

* Give me my tail» I fhy; for it is a 

* (hame to fee how niy hu(bahd*s thing 

* is bandied about for want of it$ I 

* mean the comb that lie u(ed to ftick iit 

* in my tail.* But the barber would 
not part with it, for all her tugging,' 
until the priett defired him to reftoreit; 
becaufe there was no farther occa(ion for 
the difguife, as he might now appear iii 
his own (hape, and te}l the knight, that 
after he had been robbed by the gailey- 
flaves, he had fled to that inn } and if 
he (hould enquire for the princefs's gen- 
tleman ufher, they would tell him, (he 
had difpatched' him away before her', 
to advertife her friend^' and ' Aibje^is, 
that (he was upon the I'oad, accompa- 
nied by the deliverer of themall. Thot 
fatisfied, the barber willingly re(tored the 
landUdy^s tail, and every thing elfe they 
had borrowed with a view of difen- 
gaging Don Quixote from the moun- 
tain } and all the people of the inn weit 
aftoni(bed at the beauty of Dorothea, 
as aifo a^ the genteel mien of the fwai(\ 
Cardenio, The curate ordered them t6. 
get ready fomething to eat; and thb 
innkeeper, in hope of being well paid, 
drefled, with all difpatch, » pretty reai 
fonable dinner ^ hut they did not think 
proper to waken Don Quixote, who, they 
believed, ftood atthat t-ime more in need 
of (lecp than 6f food. 

Thedifcourfe at table, in pre(ence of 
the innkeeper, his wife, daughter, Ma- 
ritornes, and all theother lodgers, hip- 
'pening to turn upon the tmcommofi 
madnefs of vhe knight; and the con- 
dition in which they found him } the 
hoftefs recounted to themj what ha4 


• Literally, <* Took the road in his hands.'*- 




fiaiipebed it^her h(m(e between him and 
Ihe' carrier; then looking round the 
foom, and feeing Sancho was not pre- 
'ient, ihe told the yrhoXt Kory of the 
blankettingytothe no Tmall entertainment 
of the company. The curate obierv- 
ing that Don' Quixote-s uiiderftanding 
was difbrdered by the books of chivalry 
he had read, the innkeepel* replied, ' 1 
f cannot conceive how that is poilible ; 

* for, really, in my opinion, they are 
« the beft rtading in the world : I have 

* now in my cuftody two or three of 
<* them, together with fome other pa- 
f pers, whrch, I verily believe, have 
f prefen'ed not only iny life, but alio 

* tliat of many others ) for, in harveft- 

* time, a great number of reapers come 
' hither, to pafs the heat of the day ; 

* and there being always one among 
f them who can read, he takes up a 
' book, and we, to the number of thirty 
f or more, forming a ring about him, 
f iiften with fuch' pleafiire, as were 
f enough to make an old man grow 

* young again; at ieaft, I can fay for 

* myfelf, when I hear him read of thofe 

* fpribtis and terrible ftrokes that have 
f foeeA g^ven by certain knights, I am 
' ieized'with the deftre of being at it 

* myfelf; arid could Iiften to fuch fto* 

< ries whole 'nights and days withoift 

* ceafing;*— i-< I'M^ifh y.oq would, with 

< all my heart," repU^ the wife; * for, 

* I am Aire, 1 never enjoy a quiet mi- 
'*. nute 'in rtie houfe, except when they 

* are reading, and then yo^ are fo bam* 
' boozled with what you hear, you for- 

* get to fcold for that time,* — < That 

* is the very truth bf the matter," faid 
Maritornes; * in good faith, I my- 
« felf am hugely diverted, when I hear 

* thofe things ; they are fo clever, eipe- 
V cially when they tell us how yon t'other 
^ lady lay among orattge trees, in tht 

* embraces of her knight, While a du- 
f enna, half dead with envy and furprize, 
" kept fen try over them ; odd ! all theie 
f things make my chops water/ 

* And what ts your opinion of the 

< matter, my young miltrefsT {aid the 
prieft to the innkeeper's daughter. < Tru- 
f ly, -Signior, i don't well know,' ihe 
replied i < tmt ii(ien among the reil; 

< and really,' though 1 do not undei'- 
\ ftand it, 1 an> pleaded with what I 
^ hear ; yet I* take no deljght in thofe 

* ftrokes that my father loves ; but, in 
f the lamentations m^de jpy the knights, 

< when they are abfent from thcij* mif- 

•* trtSk9, which in good ibp^* oiM 

< make me weep with compafiion.^-** 

* Then you would foon give them re- 

* lief, if they mourned for you, tnf 
f pretty maidT iaid Dorothea. * I 

* don't know what I (hould do," an* 
fwered.the etrl ^ * but this I know, that 
( fome of thofe (adies are fo cruel, their 

knights call them lions, ty^ers^ and 
a thbufand other reproachful names. . 
Jefus 1 I can't conceive what fort of 
folks thofe muft be, who are fo faard^ 
hearted and unconfcionableas to let a 
man of honour die, or lofe his (en(bs, 
rather than take the Ieaft notice of 
him ; why (honld they be fo cov ? If 
their fuitors court tlwm in an noneft 
way, let them many, and that is all 
the men defire.'?— < Hold your peace^ 
child," faid the landlady ; < methinks, 
you are too well acquainted with theib 
things; young maidens, like you^ 
fhould neither know nor fpeak /<> 
much." The daughter faid, as the 
gentleman afked her the queftion, (he 
could do no lefs than anfwer him : and 
the curate demanding a fight of the 
books, ' With all my heart," replied 
the innkeeper ; who, going to his owa 
chamber, brought out an old port* 
manteau fecured with a chain, which 
being opened, the prieft found in tC 
three large volumes and fome manu- 
fcripts written in a very fair character. 

The firft book they opened appeared 
to be Don Cirongilio of Thrace; the 
fecond, Felixmarte of Hyrcania; and 
the third, was the hiftory of that great 
Captain Gon^alo Hernandes de Cor- 
dova, with the life of Diego Garcia de 
Paredes. The curate having read the 
titles of the two firft, turned to the 
barber, faying, * We now want our 

* friend's houfekeeper and couiin."— « 

* Not at all,' anfwered Mr. Nicholas, 

* I myfelf can convey them to the yard, 

* or rather to the chimney, where there 
' is li£luaUy a fpeciai good fire.' — 
f What ! you intend to burn theffe 
« books, then ?' faid the innkeeper. 

* Only thefe two," anfwered the curate, 
pointing to Don Cirongilio and Felix- 
marte. * I fuppofe, then," refumed the 
landlord, * my books are heretick and 

* flegmatickr — « You mean fchifma- 

< tick, honeft friend, and not flegma- 

* tick," faid the barber. ' Even fo,' 
replied the landlord; * but, if any of 

* them be burnt, let it be the hiftory of 
^ that great captain, together with Diego 

* Garcia 

icia; I 


.BOM qjrixaTfi, 

•Gait^ ; foiv I'WotAd.hiA&r Mke toti 
•to coBiintt my Ton to the A9mu^ tsan 
to born e*er a one of the reft.*— 
Heark yei brother,* faid the ctoate, 
rfieie two hooks asc ftvflfed with lyes, 
Tahityy and extravagance ; but that 
«f the great captain is a true htAory, 
conlaauag ite exploits of Goii9alo 
Ueirnandez de Cordo^ra, who» by hi« 
amaerotts and valiant atchievementSy 
aoq^inedy ail the world over, the epi- 
dMt of the Gteat Capbun^ateaawBed 
and felendid appellationy meriiedby 
him ^ene ; and that Diego Gaocia de 
Paoedes was a noble cavalier, horn in 
the dty of Tmxillo in Eftremadnray 
a moft valiant foidiery and endowed 
vnth fnch bodily ftsengdk, that with a 
4agle finger he -could ftop a niilK 
wMel in the heat of it's motion; and 
being aace pofted at the end of a 
bridge, with a two-handed iword, he 
aioce prevented a vaft army fvom paf. 
iing over it;, he performed a great' 
many a£biona of the fame ktnd» wliidi 
he mmfelf hfath recounted with aU ' 
the floodefty of a gentleman who writes 
his own memoirs $ whercas/had they 
been committed to writing by any 
other free and difpaiBonate author^ 
ifcey would have eelipied all the Hec- 
tares, Achilles^s, and Orlando'Sy that 
ever liv^d. '*-*-' You may tell fach 
ftuff to my grannam/ faid the inn* 
keeper. Lord ! how you are furpriz- 
ed at the ftopping of a miU-wheel ! 
before Gody I advife your worfliip to 
ready as I have done**^, the hiftory of 
Feltxmaite of Hyrcaaia) who, with a 
fingle back-ftrc^e, cut five giants 
through the middle, as eafily as if they 
had been made of beans, like the fi^ 
gures with which the boys divert 
themfelv^s. Another time, he engaged 
a moft infinite and powerful army, 
confiftingof a milKon and fix hundred 
thoufand foldiers, all armed cap-a-pee, 
whom he totally vouted, as if they 
had been flocks of iheep. Then what 
Hiall we fay of the moft excellent 
Don Cirongilio of Thrape, who wss 
fo valiant and courageous * as may be 
feen in the book of his hiftory, that 
while he was failing on the river, a 
fiery ferpent roie above the water, 
which he no iboner faw, than leaping 
on it'a back, he faftened himfelf aftridt 

^- npon it*8 ibaly illMUiemi «litf 4e»aed it 
by the throat, wi^ both hands, fo 
forcibly, that the ferpctit feeling itielf 
woU-nigh ^cangledi could find w 
other remedy but diwe into the pro«- 
found, with the knight,^ who would 
not quit his -hold ^ and when he de^ 
icended to the bottom, he-fouiid him- 
felf in a palace fituatedtn thenftidftof 
a garden that was wonderfuUy pka- 
fant; and then &e fetpeat turned it- 
ielf into an ancaent man, who told 
him fiioh things as yon would «e)oice 
to hear. Say no more, Signiori if 
you was io hear it, you would ma 
ftank mad forpy ; £b (halt, a fig for 
your great (captain^ and that Sime 
Die^ Gai'cia you talk of 1" 
Dkoeotheb hearing thid haraagne, whif' 

fftrod to Cardenio, < Oar hoft wanlts not 
much to make the fiicond edittoa of 
Don Q>ixote.*-^< I think fb too,* an- 

iwared Cardenio; * f«r, by his dif- 
oousfe, he feenas toitake it &r granted^ 
that every thing whioh is accounted in 

'^he& books, is nekber more nor left 
than the troths and aU tibe capuchinps 
sn Spain will not be able to alter his 
bdlref/*— •< Confider, brotheT»* refum* 

ed the curate, * that there never was up^ 
on earth faedi a pei-ibn as KeTixmarte 
of Uyrcania, nor Pon Cirongilio 
of Tkraoe, nor any other of foch 
knights as are celebrated in books of 
chivalry. The mkok ts a fif^ion 
conpofed by idle pedfons of genius, 
for the very porpole you naentioned, 
namely paAime, wUch was the aim of 
yourveapersj for, I fwearto you, nO 
iuch knights ever exited, nor were 
any fuch exploits and* extravagancies 
everpesibrBied'in this worki/<«^< Yon 
rauft thiKiw that bone to fassit other 
dog!' i>eplied the landkn-d: < as if { 
did not know that two and tfaiee make 
five ) or where my own ihoe pinches'. 
Your wor^ip mull not think to feedint 
with pap, ft)r egad I am so iuch fuck- 
ling ! A good joke, faith ! You would 
make mt believe that all the contents 
of thefe books are madnefs and lyes*, 
altlioiigh they are printed by licence 
from the king's coancii ; as' if they 
were perfons who woiidd v^ink at the 
printing of iuch lyes, battles, and in- 
chantments, as turn people^a brains.* 
•^ Friend,^ replicdthe caratv, "^ I hav^ 

* It will appear In the Tequel, that the lan41o]:4 could not read at all 3 neyorthelefs^ 
iir mlglit boaft of what he could not dcu 

« already 


1>0N QVlitoTE. 


sdready^told you, that tbey are defijpn- pulled out a manufcript, confiding of 

«d for the anmfeincfit .of our idle eight (heets of paper> intitled, in large 

hoiii:8;and,.a».tn &veryv»eli*gr>vieffiied letters, < The Novel of tl|e Imperti- 

QommoowQaltht the. games of chefs) * nent Curlofity *.* The prieft having 

billiards, and teDois^ are Uoenfed for seed tbrae or fouv linesito himfelf, iaid^ 

the entertainment of tfaofff' whoiueiiher 
can nor ought, to work; in liloe man^ 
aeo, thofe books are allowed to be 
printed, on the Ibppofidon/ that no 
body is fo ignorantas to believe afyU 
lable of what thi^. contain ^ and if I 
was now permitted^ or the company 
required it, I could give fome hints 
towards die improvement of books of 
chivalry, which perhaps might be 
both ^rviceable and entertaining; 
but, Ihope, the time will come, when 
I may have !an opportunity of im- 
partii^ my fuggeftions to thofe wiho 
can convert them to general ufe: 
meanwhile,. Mr. Publican, you may 
depend. upon. the truth of what I have 
faidj take your book» away, and fettle 
the affair of^ their truth or falfliood, juft 
as your own compteheniion will per- 
mit; much good may they do you, 
and God grant that you may never 
halt on the fame foot en which your 
lodger Don Quixote is lamer—* < I 
hope,* anfwtrm. the innkeeper, * I 

Really the title of this novel pieafes 
me fo much, that I have a ftrong ia« 
clinlition to, pletfufe the whole/ To 

this obfervicion, the innkeeper replied. 
Then your reverence may read i t aloud | 
for, you muft know, the reading of it 
hath given ^eat fatisfa^lion to ievoral 
lodgers at this inn, who have earaeftly 
beggsed the copy ; but that requeft I 
would not cfmiply with, be^uib I 
think of itftoring k ta the right ownei^ 
as Ii e»pe£lthat theperfon who left 
the p<irtnianteau with the books and 
papers, in amiftake, will return, on 
purpoliK to- fetch themi or, you koow^ 
lie may chance to travel this way oa 
other bufinefs; and though I ihouldl 
raifs them heavily, in faith they (ball 
be reflored } for, though an innkeeper^ 
I am ftill a Chri(lian.*^« Fncnd,* 

faid the curate, •* you are vei^r much im 
the right ; but, for all that, if I like 
the novel, you* fliall give me lescve t* 
tranfcribe it/«— * With all my heart,* 

eplied the landlord* While Mus cUf* 

ihail .never be. mad enough to turn courie palFed between them, :Qaisdeaie 

knight -eirant, as I can eafily perceive having taken up the maau&ripty «ndbe« 

that the cuftoms now«a-days arequite gan to read* was of the curate^s opt* 

dsi&rent &om thofe in times pafb, nion,.and. intteated him to read it aloud* 

when, a» it is reported, thofe famous that thoiwhole ccimpany might hear iti 

heroes travelled' about the world. 

Sancho, who had <ome intb die room*, 
abont the middle of this coBverfation*, 
was very mueh confounded and per- 
|>lcxod, when he heard th6m obferve, 
that there was no fuch. thing as lonight- 
cncantry in the prefentage, andlthat all 
the book^ of chivahy were ^Ued with 
eactravagance and fi6HQn ) he therefore 
:decermined within hhnfelf, to wait the 
iifueof his. mafter^s lalk undertaking $ 
and, if it fiiould not fucoeedas happily 
as he expelled, to leave him, and return, 
with his wife and ehildteay. to his for- 
mer liibour. 

I will/ aiifwered the pnelt, * if yo« 
think we had not better fpend4he.tune 
in ileep4ng than in reading**^— < For 
my own part»* faid Dorothea, ■* it wiU 
be a. fufficient refreihment for. me. to 
liftsn to ibme entertaining ftory; for 
my DHnd is not compofed enough 
to let me ileep, even if I ftood'in med 
ofi r^fe/— < If that be th<? cafe,* re* 
fumed the curate, < I will read it <>ut 
of curiofity, at a venture, and per* 
haps it will yield us fome entertain* 
meat into the bai^n.* • Mailer Ni*> 
cholas eameftly joined in the requeft^ 
and Sancho himfelfexprefled a delire of 

When theinnkeepentook up the port- hearing it; upon which the licratiate 

roanteau with the ootiks, in order to finding he Aiould pleafethe whole com** 

carry them away, '- Stay,' faid the cu- pany, as well ashimfelf ) * Well^th^i* 

rate, * until I eoEsniine thefe papers laid he,. < liften with attention* for^thc 

^ which are written in fuch fair «ha- * novel begins in this manner* 
< ni^er/ The lattdlord accordingly 

•• The 0Tipn^yii9hikh'Uciiritf${inptrtmntfi 6^\ht% one who is impertmcntiy ctf- 
xioQS> not a curious imperCuitBtb 




C H A P- vn 


* ¥N VUamttj a rich and 'cclebratid 
JL «cfty •£ ftainfitiMtediiitbepro- 
Tfnee o^kA Tuieany, iMMd Anivlroor 
atid L<>thario, tw6 wes^hy and nohle 
tavttHelVi fb ibnBly miHed in the 
hTOid^of^nAvfi thiit «verf body mhd 
kntw tbtfiDi ealled them by way «f 
ateen^nctt and cqptthet, the Two 
PnetKis ; and* indeed, being both 
batcheiorsy and their age and eduea-' 
tiott fo much alike, it was net to be 
wondered at if a recipi^cai affeftton 
f^j^nngtrp between them ; true it is, 
Anft'lnio ^nras raiber mow addifted to 
tfinor6u« p«i(lmie than Lothario, whoig 
ohief delight -was -in hunting; yet, 
•noon oceafion, Anfelmo co«i)d quit 
h<* owrramnlenients to purfoe thofe 
of hfo friend} and* Lothario could 
po#pone his 'favourittf' diterfion, in 
oirler to pra^iie that of Anlelmo^ iri 
thie manner their -inclfnations pvo- 
deeded ib mutually, that no clock ever 
wentwith morefregularity. Anfelmo 
happeaed to fall defperately in love 
w^K a yotmg lady of rank and beauty 
inthetfame city^ defcended from.fuch 
a noble family, and fo amiable in her- 
ftlf, that he determined, with the ap- 
pobtttiofi of his friend, without which 
lie did fltfthhig, to demdndr her of he^ 
pareiftsln marriage;: aifd accordingly 
jMft htsrefohiiion in pradioe. ■ Lotha- 
tio 'vNis intmited with, the mefiage; . 
and concluded the aifair fo much to 
1fye"fat4«fitAionof his .friend*, ^thar in 
h veiy Mtde time Anfelmo fvwi him- 
felf in poileffioRof his hearths defire| 
and CiinfiUa thought herfelf fo hap- 
py in 'having obtained fuch a hof^ 
band, that ihe ^as inteifant in het 
acknowledgments to Heaven, and Lo» 
thai'iotby whofe mediation her. happi* 
nci^ was eifoded: 

< DttttTg the firft two days after mar- 
rfige, vmich are commonly fpent in 
feaningandTOirth, Lothado; as ufual, 
frequented the 'houfe of hie^iiricBd^ 
with a view of honouring hts nup- 
tiaU» and endeavouring, as much as in 
him lay, to promote the |oy and feftt- 
vity attending all fuch occafions ) but 
the wedding being over, ud thefxt^ 

qiiencT of Vifits and cotiththU^itni 
abated, he began carefutiy and gra^ 
dually to abfcsbhinifolf froaii AnM* 
mo*8 hoofoj thiBhing, as svcrytwo- 
deftt perfon would AMtnndly dMusmdej 
that a aras oi^ht not f o vifit and ^- 
quent the houfe of a friend a&er he i^ 
married, in the fame manner a» he had 
pfa6bifftd< white he wae fiaglei for; 
though fufptcion Aiottid' never find 
harbour with tnraaad virtuouairiend- 
foip, yet the~ hbmnir of '.a married 
man. is fo * delicate, as to . be thought 
fabjeft to injtiry, not only freni a 
friend, but even from a ^ brother. 
Aniislmo perceived Lotbario^s Rmiif- 
nefs and complained of it loocMy; £iy- 
ing, that if he had. thought hfs mar- 
riage would have impaired tbtii' for^ 
mer conrefpondence, he never wteuld 
have altered his condition; and beg<2' 
ged, thatias by the mutual friendfliijk 
which infpired them while be wai 
fmgle,. they had acquired fuch. iOi 
agreeable title as that, of the Twcf 
Friends, he would sot now: fufief 
that endearing and celebrated name t^ 
be loft, by a fenipulous adherence to 
mere form and punAtlio. He there*- 
foce eiitraated him, if he might beal< 
lowed to u£b .'the expreffion, to ht 
maftcrof hia houfo, and to come in 
and go out as formerly, afTuring him 
that the inclinations of CamiUa in 
thatreijpeA, were exafVly oonforniable 
id hia own ; and that knowing the 
perfeft friendihip which fubfifted be- 
tweeo'.them^ ihe was extremely mor- 
tified at hid late (hynefsw 
* To thefo and many other arguments 
ufed by Anfelnio, to perAiade hW 
friend to frequent his houfo as uiiial, 
Lothario answered with fuch pmdence,' 
force, and difcemlndnt, that the other 
wae eoBVinced of his difcreet coiido£t; 
and it was agreed .betwixt thehi, * that 
Lothario fliouid dine with him twice 
a week, befidea holiday S| but,* not- 
withftanding thia a gre e m e n t, he re- 
folved to comply with it no farther 
tha» he fliould foe cbnvenient for the 
hoAMir of Anfohno^ w^hich was dearer 
to htm than his owm Ha^^id, and 
his obfervation was )uft, that a man 
on whom Heaven hath beftbwed a 
bcaMtifiil \niCf1hiMd be atf cautieiis 
of 'the men he brings home to his 
boufo, at careful in <%forving the fe- 
male friends with whom his Ipou^ 
Gonrerfos abroaidv for that ipvhich caii* 

1>CH -limxort^ 


fts^tt or the cb^rc^, or at public 
Hiofivs auid 4iv^ri«i9as, wkh which a 
huiPb^iM) Dvpft fomsttmeS' iadv^Q hi« 
wif^ majr be eailiy traBfa^led Ifi the 
hQuCi of a fe^iaie friend or reUtioi>, 
in whain hi& chief can/idence iss r^ 
poCei. Wherefore, Lothario obfei'ved, 
that tv€vy rnarrifd man had. occafion 
foil ^PtJ^t frieod to apprize hii» of any 
omUfion tn her cQnduA j foti* it often 
haQ>p««« that he is too miKh ija Jove 
with hiji wi^, to ohfei've, or too 
jni^(. afrai4 of offending her, • to 
prefcfib^ Urnic& to her behaviour, in 
thoi^ |bjng8| the IbilowiAg or efebew^ 
ing of which may tend to. hi & honour 
«r;je|^oach« wbereas that inconve- 
nience might heesiiiiy aixie4ided by the 
ailvice of a friends £ut where ihall 
we iin4 fuch a zealous, difcreet, truf^y 
friend, ^^ is here required? I really 
know npt, except in Lothario himf(:lf, 
who, confulting the honour of Aafe^ 
ro^, with the utraoft care and circunw 
fpe^iop, wa9 at great pains to coir- 
tradk, abridge, and djminilh., the nunw 
her of ihe days on whi^h h^ had a* 
|p«ed to frequent hia houfei that the 
idle yulgar^ and- prying eyee of ma^ 
lic^ might not indulge their love of 
flandesy v^ihea they perceived a genteel 
young mafi of fuch birth, fprttme, 
and accompliihm^ts a^ he Icnew him*- 
fislf poCefTed of, go into the houfe of 
fuck a celebrated beauty as Cajtiiila ) 
fbr^ althav^h his virtue and honour 
might be a fu^ient check to the moR 
aHiBY^lfHt lofigMe, he would not ejo- 
aoie^ his own chwa^fr^ or that of hi« 
frieiid^ tp^ the fmalleft Cfnfures and 
tiiemfoiv empl^y^ thf greatdl pwt 
^ ihpfeda^soB which he had agreed 
ta nfit AiUtkfuo, i» A«ch things as he 
fHretfnded were indtfpeslLblf ^ Ga that 
when -tiir^ vvftc^ f«refent, agre^it deal 
of iim$ was eonlb«i^ by the com*> 
plamu 9i the oiie, and exeufts af the 
fpfth«ir.^ however, ^ Ihey 
wprv waking thfough a meadpw», 
n^ac tbfi fiibufbs of the ci^, Ao/eU 
ma addreffd himiejlf X^lthado in 
thcie. tormiM 

« Yo^ btMf v^ my fri«>d U^hmo^ 
tluit I «aikiM(ver be ^Mkfui ^omigh 
to H^vfift for the blefliiigs. I enjoff 
not only m ^ nM0 indu^oM pa«> 
nots, and in^ hbuwdanoe of thoTe 
thiags ^^latik fUie alM th« gsjods 

« mitla, two ptfdgQ» whjtfv J .eic^m^ 
^* if I (M*ghit> at kaft 
'* asFm^) as I c^. Yet, thoudb-I 
*( poiTefs ail thore.benalits which ufiia^«- 
<< ly . cQnftitute th« happinefs of «iaii*> 
<< kindib I 6nd myfolf 9«e of thfunoft 
<< dilg!Li^fd4iid'difi:onten^dm«n aliw. 
/< I haye*.t|een for thei^ VMj^p days f* 
** harraiTed ai>d (atigyed with fiMli an 
<* odd, u nacaovo table* d^itrc, that I faat^ 
" not^ajsed at my lA&ts*- 
« ation, for winch I often blame aad 
*' rehui^ myfeif, endeavour i ing t«Xup»- 
'** prefs afid cH>n6eai it from my awft m- 
« fleflioni but I find it is imt^oCibleto 
** keep the i«eret-, as. if I had ioduft^ 
* '* oudy publiHied it to |he whqle w<rldi^ 
'' and dnce it muftft^uaUy badi^fed 
M to iomebody, I would h«v«i'it d^pc^- 
« ilted in the moft ieoeC Arohiv^ of 
^' your Iwavt, ia full conHdenoe, tluit by 
<' the diligence which yoii as a trufty 
" friend will txeit in my behalf* when 
*' you know it, I fhaU foon iee myfthT 
*' delivered from.thftt aaxiety toi.'Viiich 
'* it hath reduced me, md byryo^irfidl^ 
*f duity be raiicd to apitekof )oy «i|i«8l 
** to the degree of vexation v^if;fe;i«y 
« own folly hath intailod upon m^M*''^ 
< Lothario was aitoniflied aft thie df^ 
^ cpurfeof Aiife]Mo, hf. cpqldnot 
' ocmippdiend the meaning of Aiieh« 

* long prcBice and prQambIc^ and rlidew- 

* voured, by rtvojving every ihisg in 

< his imagination, to ftnd oiit vwhftt^lm 

* dcfire could be, ^t pneyiNl f<p( muth 

< uppn the Tpiiiifts of hts' friendi but* 
' ^odtDg hiitofelfialwiaya wido of thnr 
^ mark, iie was willmg fto eaie bimfelf 

* imoMdiatelyof the excefiive pa«a»hfs 

* ^u^pettceaceafiencd^^ and with this view 
■* toid A^feimo, thai he> did- a iswinifeft 
,* inpry to the warmth of hit fri^dw 

* Aiip, in goi«g about the b«iih> Jeehing 
^ indireft me^iods to imp^irt hi» 0ioi 

* fecret tfaou^lns, . finer hd vyaa vmH aO> 

* (nred thair he might entii»»iy depend 
' upon him, eitheo.for. adRri<» t» Aip* 
^ pae6, or aManoe t» ii^po^t A^ni 
M I mwfll- copviniediof abrmth of 
^* what you ^'y'^.viimaid AA^^mo^ 

.*^ and io that fionidentewilk t^i«pnv 
** my£EMmi,ahatthoddi0ewiliifPwiak 
'* I«m{iofldEid,fif^ tm be ecttain»<vliht»^ 
'* thfir 4x fiot myi wife i^amidlf) t% m 
^> viituoua ^nd ipitf^ asi I bci|fie»ft>4)er 
^ tflr be^ aitd tius fentth ftbdhtmn 
** .be l«lly^«ecfiMded»«f,«kitil.tte^* 
H feftoBi ptbfiR jNMttc».a|>pf»r >M« 



•^ trluli tf puM^^d*i» pRivtd by ftre'$ 
^'l(Mr^t4»niy«pfaionf that there it no 
^ wMnan virtuouft, but in proportion 
>< i|)(»the roliciutionfliehflthwithftood) 
^1^ •and that (he only is chafte, who hath 
'* n#t yielded to the promifesy pre* 
** 'fenta, tean, and continual impoi<- 
** tunitiea of perfevertn|r lovers. And 
** pray tivtiCM ta the merit of a womart'*s 
'<« hctAg* chaftc* when nobody ever 
^ eouttad her ^ be otherwife? what 
<< wonder chat (he ihould be referved 
** and cautioua, who has noopportu- 
*1'aity«f indulging loofe inclinatioifs, 
<^ and who knows her hu(band would 
*^f immediately put her to death (houtd 
■**< he once catch her trippit)^ ? Whei«f- 
^* fore -I can neveir entertain the faihe' 
:f* degree of efteem for a woman who 
** h chs^ out of feaf , or want of 
'** opportunityy^as I would for her who 
*« batb mumphed over perfeverance of 
^^ folicitation s Co that for thefe* and 
iH< many other reafons I could urge to 
'^^"I^A^uen and enforce my opinion, I 
f^'^tefifitlhat my Viriie Camilla may un- 
-^(detgo the teft, «nd be refined in the 
'^* iart of importunate addrefies, by otte 
'^^•po0e^fd -of fufiicient accompli(h'- 
'< menta to infpirea woman witKlpve; 
'^•and if ike comes off, as I believe (he 
•<« willy vi^noua in the trial, I (hall 
»** think my own happtnefs unparallel- 
-•< ed. I (hall then be able to fay that 
** my wiihctare fulfilled, and that (he 
s« bath fallen to my lot, of whom the 
^ wife man faithy f* fFbo batb found 
M her V* And even if the contrary of 
^ what I «xpe£l Aiould happen, the 
^» fntisfa£tion of feeing my opinion 
H coniirmed, will helpnie to bear with 
#<■ patience that which would other wife 
«^ pr«i«i:<fucka«6ftly experiment. Sup- 
«^ pofiflgilhen, that notlung you can fay, 
' f« m oppoikion tp thia deure of mine, 
!<• can-avail uadiTertiiig me from my 
.f< purpofe, I e^qpeft afid entreat thaft 
a<> yoii, my friend Lothario, will con- 
H dcfic^d tio be the inibrument with 
^ vvluch I q^eciftc'tiiis work of my inv 
f« tUsM^.' \> ^1) give you propeir 
«« oppoirtunititfy ifid fupply you with 
«< every t^9gf I fee iiapeQary for foUcitr 
u imr a vironiaii of vhrtue, honovr, and 
f« <^fintereftadre(erve} and^hatamonft 
f< other thinea induces ope to intruit 
v< you vtdi »iatnlerpEi»y is the^oon^ 
•• iideratk>n» that (hoofd (^amiUa^ 
^ (cniplti be ovetxoaiie, you^ will >iiot 
f> WMif your coii^ Ui€ Hdt cif* 

^ cumKanee df rigour, but Only fop- 
^< pofe that done> whidi, for gbod rea- 
*^ ion, ought to remain'unddnezTo that 
<* I (liall be injured by h^er )iidi^tioh 
** alone, and m^ wrongs lie burled in 
** the virtue of your iilence, virhtch 1 
** know, in whatever concerns my ^eF- 
<^ fare, will be eternal as tha^ 9f death. 
** Wherefore, if you y^oUld hliVe Vde en- 
** joy what deferves fo be ciklted liftf 
" yoii will forthwith und(nrti^ thf» 
'' amorous conteft^ nof witfi take- 
** warmnefs and lanpuor^ bot w?th that 
"•eagcrners and diligence wblchT coi'- 
*♦ re^nds with my wilh, and the con- 
'^ iidence in which I am f<icQred by 
*< your friendihlp,:' 
- < Such was the dlfcoarfe' «f ' Ahier- 

< moj to whidh Lothario tifteAed ib at*. 

< teutively, that except what he i» at- 

* ready faid to have uttered, he' did not 

< open his lips, until his friend'had (i- 

< ni(hed his propofal: but dnding he 
' had nothing more to aUedge; after 
' having for fome time gazled upon hiiii 

* as an objeft hitherto unih^n, that in- 
*■ fpired him with aftonifhm^nt and fur- 
/' priacj " I cannot be perfuadid, An- 
" felmo,'* faid he, " but wha^yoti'havb 

/* fard was (poke in jeft; fbr^ had I 
*< thought you in earneft, \ Ihould 
" not have fuffered you to proceed 
•" fo far} but, by refufmg to lifteii, 
^* have pi-evented (uch a long harangue. 
** Without doubt, you muftefthermir- 
'^* take my difpofition, or I lie Utterly 
'* unacquainted with'you^j and yet I 
<< know you to be Anfelmo, ahd you 
*' rouft be'fenfible that I am Lothario; 
<' the misfortune is, I. no longeriind 
*< you the fame Anfelmo you was wont 
"to be, nor do I appear to you the famb 
<*' I«othaiio as before j youlr^ difcourib 
*< favours not of that Anfekno who wak 
*< my friend, nor is what ^oU a(k h 
<f thing to be demanded of tlat-Lotha- 
<* rio who (hared your confidence. 
*\ Good m^n, as a certain: poet ob(erves, 
"*< may try and avail Uiemf^vea of their 
^ friends, ufyue ad af€U \ 1 mean, not 
f< prefume upon thar friendihipy in 
M things contrary to i\ii "detftea of 
«< Heavea. Now, if a hathffnf enter- 
ic tallied fucli idea^ of 'fHeiidiilii|( how 
f< much more ^OHld.^lieybfcelftnihed 
«< by a Chriijfian, who knowa^ 6iat no 
<f human a^ftton (itigh^ to *fotarfcre 
i* vith Qur love tb G^s tod, ^hm a 
** peiibn ftretches his cototibCiidllt fl^ftr 
If M t9 lay aSde all r6(|«ft f« Heaven, 




'* in or/ler to mamifeft his regard -for a 
'* friei>4> bt ought hot to be Iwayed by. 
*'. tri6e$ 9nTiatters of fmallconfequence,. 
** l)i)t by thofe things only od which the 
** life ,.a,x\d honour of a hiend dependi. 

* * T^^]), m.c then, Anlel mo j wh icb of ihefe 
** jsji) c(anger> before t venture to gra- 
** tify your wifli, by complying with the 
V . d^te^^ble pfopofal you have made ? 

Surely, neither; on the contraiy, if 
I <;onceive you aright, you are defir- 
ous that ^. fhould indefatigably en- 
*• .deayoV to deprive jjou and myfelf 
** Ai^\f of that very life and honour 
**. yfjiifk it 18 iny duty to preferyej for 
•* if , I rob you of honour, I rob you 
<* of lifei lince a man .ivithout honour, 
<' i^ wori'e than dead, and I being the 
'/ inftrumeot, as you defire I ihould be, 
''* that entails fuch a curfe upon you^ 
^f ihall not I be dilhonoured. and of 
</ confequence dead to all enjoyment 
^* ^d i'axne* Liiien with patience, my. 
<f friend Ajtifelmo, and make no anfwer 
<* until I ihall have done with imparting 
** the fuggeftions of my mind, con.-.^ 
** cerning the drangepropofal you have 
^* made.} for there v«all be time enoush 
«c for you to reply, and me to liften m 
« «ny turn.'*—" With all my heart," 

* cried Anfelmo; ''you mayfpeakas 
« long as you pleafe/' 

< Accordingly, Lothario proceeded, 

* laying, *' In my opinion, Anfelmo, 
«« your dilpofition is atprefent like that 
** of the Moors, who will not fuffer 
** themfelves to be convicted of the er-« 
« rors of their fe£k, by quotations from 
f < the Holy Scripture, nor with argu- 
<< ments founded on ipeculation, or the 
** articles of faith : but muft be con* 
** fut^d or convinced by examples that 
** are palpable, eafy, familiar, and fub- 
** ]tSt. to the certainty of mathematical 
^* demonftration i for inftance, if frona 
** equal parts, ,we takf eaual partt^ 
^< thofe that rerbain arc equal. And if 
** they do not, underftand this propofin 
*' lion verbally, as is frequently the 
** ca(^ it muii be ^3q>Iained and fet be- 
** fore their eyes by manual operation^ 
^^ which is alfo insufficient to perAiade 
^* them of the truth of our holy reli- 
** gion. * The felf- fame method mufti ' 
** pra Aife with you, whofe defire dc* 
*^ vlates fo tar from every thing that 
" bears the l^ft (h^wot itafoS,'that* 
f I flipuld look upon it as time mil^ ' 
^* fpent, to endeavour to convince you of 
f * low fott/t which it the only samt 


your intentionfeems to dtferve. Na^#, 

•* I am even tempted to Iftave you in, 

** your extravagancy, 4$ a punifliment, 

*« for your prepolteroiis defirej but I. 

** am prevented fVom ufing fuch Figour, 

" by my friend/hip, which will not per- 

■* mit me to dcfert yotSin faohHianifeft 

" danger of perdition. But, to make 

'* this affair ftill more plain, tell me, 

** Anfelmo, did not you dtfivt me 

'* to foHcit one that was' referved, fer , 

** duce one that was chafte, irnake pre-. 

** Tents to one that was dinnterefted* 

'/ and ailtduouily court one that was 

" wife? Yes, fuch was 'your demand. 

*^ If you are apprized, then, of the re- 

** ferve, virtue, difintere&ednefs, and 

** pi-udence of your wife, pray what is 

•« your aim? It you believe that (he will 

*f triumph over all my aflaults, as un-« 

'< doubtedly (hewill, what fairer titleff^ 

'* can you befto^ upon her, than tholb 

*f ihe poflefTes already ? or how will ihe^ 

" be more perfefl after that trial, thaik 

*' /he is at prefent? You either do not 

** believe flie is ib virtuous as you have 

'' reprefented her, or know not the na-, 

** ture of your demand . If you think 

** (he is not fo chafte as you have de- 

** fcribed her, you (hould not hazaxxi 

f < the trial ; but rather, according to 

" the diflates of your own prudent^e^ 

** treat her as a vicious woman 1 if you 

** are fatisfied of her virtue, it would 

** be altogether impertfnekit to mdke 

<< trial of that truth, which, from the^ 

*' teft, can acquire no additional ef- 

** teem. From whence we may rfa- 

** fonably concludej that for men to ex- 

<< ecute defigns which are clearly pro- 

** du5live of more hurt than benefit; is 

*' the province of madnefs and teme-. 

" rity 5 efpccially, when they are not 

*< incited or compelled to thefe defigna. 

'< by any (brt of coniideration^ btit^ 

** on the eommry, may «t a^rcvter 

<< diibnce pefceivfe the maoifefr mad-> 

** nefs of tiMir inMitkm, Difficulties 

** are undertaken, eithisr for the fake of 

•• OoffyofthisworM^Orof both. The 

«* firft are incurred bv holy meit, who 

"live the life of iangels hereon'eaith} 

" the feeond, by thoi'e whp traverfe the 

«« boandlefs octtaii ^ifiting Ibch a ^i^ 

" veriity of IcKmAtcfi and natioiit, with 

«* a view of ac^uiri^g what «r0 called 

«« the goods of fsl^'ike 3 and fuch vn* 

^ dert2kih^s as equallj^ regard Qod and 

^ man; fall t6 thelhare t)f thoft taKM( 

** foldiert, who no fobn^f H^tholdi* m 


li6V QUlXOTk* 

^ rthe ^1 of ati iAytt!(k city, t breach, 
*^ though ho bigger than that which is 
** made by a nngle caiinon ball, than 
<* raying alide all tear, and overlooking 
** with unconcf m the liianlfeft danger 
*'< that menaces rheiti, -wfngcd with de- 
** fire of fignatixing their valour in be- 
" half of'Sichr Wng, dountry, and re- 
•« ligioft, throw thtmfelves, with the 
^ iitmoft intrepidity', into the midft of a 
<* tho'ufand deaths that ojppofe and await 
<' them. Tbefe are the enterprizes which 
** areeenerally ishdertakenyand though 
•* full of peril' and inconvenience, at- 
<• tended with glory, honour, and ad- 
«'« Vantage j but that which yoti have 
«^ plannpd, and purpofe to put in ex- 
«* ecutiolv, heitheV tends to your ac- 
*< ouiring the approbation of God, 
f me goods of tbrtunc, nor the ap- 
^ plaufe of mankind} for, grantfng 
^< that the ejcperiment fliould Aicceed. 
*« to youV wilh, it wffl make yen nei- 
^ (her more ha^py, rich, or rrfpcft- 
^ ed than you are i and (hould it turn 
•* out fcontrai7 to your expeftation, 
<*< you Will find yourfc^lf the moft mi- 
•• ferablc of allmortah. It will then 
*? jghre y<wi liWe eafe to reile^, that 
^ your m?sfortune is unknown $ for, 
^ the bare knowing it yourfcif, will be 
*» fufldeient to plunge you in affli^llon 
*^ and defpair. As a confirmation of 
** this truth, you muft'eive me leave to 
•* rctteat tic foUowingTlanza, written 
« by tlie jcekbYatcd poet Lewis Tan- 
*» filoj, at the eiid of fhe foft part of the 
*< tears of St. Peter. 

•« When iPeter faw the approach of rofy 

<< ills Ibul with {arrow and lemoric was 

** ^omj 
* f pr, thoBgh from ev'ry mortal eye ebn- 

• '<^ cc'ara, 
« Tln!gi^ttohlfOWD4Mfi>mAoodreveKl*dr 
« Thecan<Hd1ireiift«nUfelf*acciifin|^ owb 
^JEadrdMifclom ImAc, thoufh to 4bo 

<< ^^rarU imlinown, 
« fTor ,wUI th* offender *icftpe lAtetftsl 

f' ibamOf ' 
'« Tho'ununjicaGhMbyiiifticeorliyfaiae.;* 




«* Wlterefore, fecttcy wHl ilcfer mt 
fuage your |^r}ef ;. but, mi <lfae con- 
trary, yrm will "inceflimdjr ^'vcp^ i^**^ 
** tean frtrm yckir 'eyl»y imt drop« of 
•* blood from yotn* hcwt, Hke^tfaat 
** !femple doAor, Whom' our ^ocr men- 
" tions*, who matte trial ^thwVefler, 
^ which the .prudent HiMldo, 4«»ith' 
'* more difcretion, Ttfafed to touch ^ 
<< jind although this'bc^poeticedfiifUcm, 
** it nererthefefs comtams a we^l ctiuch- 
ed moral, worthy of notit0af> - fttidy, 
and imitation $ tfpecHUhy, a^ whdct I 
am gottig to'lky, will, I ho^^ bnog. 
you to a duef fenle of the great 'crrcMr 
•* you waitt to commit. 

«« Tell me, Anfeliaso, if ISfeaven or 
*' good fortune had mttde yon mailer 
^ and lawful poffeflbrof an etooifite 
** diamond, the briliiaAcy of wMdi wan 
** admired by^adl the lapidaries who 
** had feen it, and tmanhntullf idtow- 
'• ed to be themoft perfeaof it^klnd ^ 
'* an opinion, virhicli, as yoit knewfio- 
** thing to the contrary^, was cjiaftly 
** cdntormable to your own ^ wovM it 
'^ be wife or panfionabiein you, to put 
** that jewel betwixt an anvil -ana a 
** hammer, ahd'bymere dint of blows 
** and (ifcngth of arm, trv 'if ft was a'» 
^ Inrrd and perfect as hliad feen pm- 
*< nounced? for, fuopofing that die dia- 
** mond ihould refil^ the force tff this 
*^ fooliOi experiment, it wovld'^hero- 
** by acquire no adcfition of value or 
^ fame ; and, if it fliould be broke to 
*^ pieces, a thi^gthat might varfily hap- 
'* pen, would not all be loftf Yxt, 
" tor Certain ; aoid the t>wiier 'he vnw 
** verlally deemed ^ fool* Coiifi^^ 
** then, my friCnd, that Cam9la « aii 
** exquisite diamond, not My in your 
** eftlmation, but in th^tof every -one 
^* who knoiArs iieri aird it wotdd be 
^ highly tmindbnable td esqw^^lier to 
•* the leaft poifibifity of tc3ti|^ tettke^ 
^ for, eveh fiould^we rbisain intire, 
<< her tepotatidn wiU* recite* no -in- 
^ creafe; but, ftotdd'ths-fiiSl m ^r 
'^ trial, reflcdrtipoit what^yott ibsll kt\p 
•* and the i^fon yoowUr dbe&ittre to 

i'*%j if 

•*« * 

' *> t^udoviCe ArMo, tnithor ^Or)attdS'Foficff<\,,to which £0«in ^fuy^tp A^^tly 
alliide^4 Hcte^ hoveMfyhip,fee|P|tohavefor^tchepai^ge hemeioi^ jlhrJ&ejtec- 

IfMl who profiinftd «he c«p to RinaIdo» wnjio ^lo^r. Is Ca^tei ^i^Jttlu&l>riti^f WiO« 
(b, AiMMion is made, indeed, of one Anrel|no»; who was s Uo^^r gMf ^» ^< mktii a}( 
conccuKd ia the InehaBted cup : fU it flUift he 6WAed,^ae Dr. AMelmd &UI ttedbrit 
to Atk iSx^Q^f in order to know whether tit tl^ ^teftrred Hrfi^hitoiy'iar-M'^o 

Pblff (JfUIXOTEv 















Winplaiii of yoorielf; for haripg been 
the TMal cwift cf h«?r .pei^tioii ind 
voui^fwo dHpalrv Confider, that no 
ytm^ -tfpwi earth i« comparable to a 
iRrbikiail' of irirttf e and hononr j and, 
tbtft ^honour oftlte ieJt coirii^h in 
tlfe f^r ch^afters they maintain- 
Since, thettftre, the repittation of 
'y6tfr wife io alstady as high as it 
poCtH^ycan be, why would you bring 
this tnith into <i«eftion? Remember, 
my friend, <hat woman i« animper- 
feft creature ^ and that, far from iky- 
ing bloeks in her way, over which 
ihe might ftumbleand fall, we onght 
to remove them with care, tind clear 
ber^tKt from ali obftruftions, that 
llie may, without trouble, proceed 
^eolhly, "in -attaining to that per- 
^^S^tk- t^ch (be may ftill want, 
,iiMneiy, i mma cul a te rirttie. We arc 
iitfWinid bynattnrafifts, that theer- 
mmlt a 'Kttfe animal, irovered with 
afurrof exccflWewhitenei^, and that 
^ hvntert ufe- this artifice to catch 
its being weH tcqua'mted with the 
piticea throu^ whi<h it chvfes to 
paffa m if a %ght, they daub them 
all lyrer with mud, ahd as foon as 
ibey get fight of the creature, drire 
it'dh«ftly thhher. T-heermin find- 
'log itfelf thus barncadoed. Hands 
(KII, end is taken; tfauitne captivity, 
mther than, by pafling through the 
filth, to flain andlbliy the whitenefs 
<tf it's furr, which it pri^e* above li- 
'berty, and even life itfelf. A chade 
aifd virtwons wife 'is likethi^ermin, 
h^ tlkaraAer being more jnire and 
white than vhrifM fnowi but he, 
vlio wHMild guard and^referve it, muft 
•Hie a -method quite different from 
^fhit whitfais praftifed upon* the lit- 
tle Miimal, and beware of ebgging 
her'WIfy widi thetnudof entertain- 
tkMcrt*, Md fh« iddfefib of impor- 
tunate lovers; leif, pethaps, (nay, 
'viithMit *% -perhaps) fhe -fliouid not 
fdftfi"^diiriffue aikl ri^liition as 
te« 'IMRckntof themfelvei to fur- 
i|ndttMthdfeobftni£lion8i Itis there- 
Are 'rfec^flary ' to removt them, and 
plao^ brfoi^ ner the purity of vinu^, 
aiid''tiK^ beauty df an unblemished re- 
l^taddn. A Tihtiouw 'woman alfo 
r^ftfsM^ a bneht tranTparent mir-' 
v«r; ^Rfhiah is ftAlrto'be -ftahiCd and 
oMctMed bf tiie'bi««dt of thofe who 
vppi^^ top near it. A virtoous 
l^omasTy'liiie rettekt^ dv^ to-'bc 

<< adoredatadidance. She ought to be 
*« preferved andefteemed as a1)eautLiul 
" garden. Cull of flowers and fofes, the 
«* owner-of which will fuffer nobodjr 
^ to handU tjiem or oafs through ' it, 
*• permitting them only, to enjoy it's 
** fragrance and beauty afaroflF;; through 
** the iron rails that furrouild it. In 
" fine, I will repeat a few verfes that I 
** juft now recolle£t» from a modern 
'* comedy, hecaufe they feem to have 
« bcwi com pofed upon the very fubjcft 
•* of our prefent dil'courfe. Afageol«| 
*• man advifing his friend, who is blef- 
" fed with a nandfome daughter, to 
" lock her up, and watch oVty her with 
** the utmofl: vigilance and care, among 
** other reafons, cautions him witb 
•« tliefe — 


M \XJ OMAN is forif^V) /of fanttk 
VV *' vvarci 

<' Then, wherefore laihiy ieek to Icnow 
^* What forcei unbroken, ihe wUi bear, 

<< And (Irike, perhaps, fome fatal blow* 

^ Thoiri^h eafily to fragments tore,. 

•« 'Twerc equally abfurd and \'ainy 
** To dafh in pi«ces on the floor, 

*' What n0ver can be joto*d aftii)^ 


<< This maxim, then, by,faas aiTur^d, 
<' Should henceforth be ofpowM by al(t 

*< Wherever a Danae lies immur'd, 
« The tempting ihowV of f ojid will i«U.'* 

** AH that I have hitherto fuggeftedf 
'< Anfelmo, reig^rds yoarfelf $ aiM now 
<< it is but reafbnable you Should hear 
" (bmethihg that concerns* me | and if 
" I fhould be prolix in my oblervau 
'< tions, you mud cxcufe nae, b^caufo 
'< it 4S ai>rolutely nece£^ry l|o p^f9^ 
" tiate on the fuSje^, in ord^r to ex** . 
^^, tricate you from the labyrinth i» 
<< which you are involved, . and from 
'* which you deitre tobeYlii^ng^ed-b]^ 
'< my afliiUnce. You ctwfidirine a» 
<< afqend, and j(^ieek.ta.depfi«eiiM 
'< of my honour I a deii^e.oppoiite t9 
<< all Tnervdfliip or. rq|^rd.> as^, even 
'< endeavour to make m^ rol^ ^ou^ of 
'* your 9wn*,/ That yon ^yso^itrto d^ 
<< .ftro^ mine» Js .pilaiu;$ Cor CaiiiiMa^ 
^ finding hecfelf Jexpofod 1^ my liblieH 
^ tations, . at you deiiiiey .wiil/oirtaifilf 
^ look tipon jne as a man voi<f ottali 
^ prfnciple and hoA^r i becaufe I at- 

«( ttm^ 


DON <yjixaTBi 

** tempt to fueceed in a deHgn Co con* 
^ trary to the dignity of ray own cba- 
** nSttt, uid the fiiendihipfubfifting 
*• between us. That yon dt&rt I 
<« ihool4 rob you of youts, ia not to b« 
•« doubted | becaole, Camilla, feeing 
<* hdielf imponuiied by my addrd)ea» 
**'• will think Lntuil haveobieived fotne 
'< levity in her oondu^lt which hath 
** encourage me to difclofe my vicious 
** inclinations^ and think hcili:if dif- 
** honoured accordingly i Co that you 
^< will be as much concerned in her 
<< dJA)OBOur> as if it was yuur own. 
'< /Hence fprings the common obierva- 
«* tiooy that the hufband of a lewd wo- 
** mzTif. though he neither knows, nor 
*' hath given the leaft occaiion for the 
^* miicondu6k of his wife, and though 
*^ hit' misibrtune was neither, owing to 
^< his want of prudence or care, is^ not- 
** wQthftanding, pointed ^t, and dif> 
^*. tMgttilbed'by a name of fcandal and 
^« .reproach i being looked apon» by 
<* thofe who know the frail^ of his, 
«^ wifc» widi an eye of difdain, inftead 
** of compaifi6n; which he ceitablyde. 
*f lerves, as his dllgrace proceeds not 
** from any fault of his, but from the 
** looie- inclinations of his worthlefs 
*' ipoufe. i will now explain the rea- 
** fon» why the huiband of .a bad wo- 
^ man is juftly dilhonoured^ though he 
^* neither knows, not hath been in any 
*^ ikope acoeflary to hen backflidings ; 
•^ and yon nnift hear me with patience, 
** becauTemy remarks will, I hope, re- 
<< dound to your own advantage. 

*^ When Ood created oiur lirft pa- 

*< rent in the terreitrial paradife, we are 

.•* -told,'bythe holy Scripture, that he 

M was thrown imo a deep fleep, dur- 

-^ ing virhich, the Almighty took a rib 

** frt>m his left. fide, and of this Eve 

** bdingibrmcsd, Adam no fooner awoke 

«^aild beheld her, than he cried, '* This 

•* treitikrthfiefi'of nvffiejhy and bone 

•«* ofm^bwe.''^ Nay,^Ood himlclf pro-^ 

«* noonced,' ^^ Fwtois Jba^ a'man leante 

•* father and fftethgr, and ibey Jiva 

^ '^i^onejlejb:'' Then was mttitu- 

*• tedthe divine facramttit of manri3ge„ 

•* confifting^ fuch ties as death ^ion^ 

^* ean^tn^iiu))' and endowed with fuch 

*<'mirdcttlmis virtue and* power, atsto 

««'titdte tw6 different peirons in bne 

• ♦< fldhj nay, whatis iiil more W9n- 

t <« -dciifiU. te^ combine twaitnib, fo^as 

** co-'piodnee but one wit} ^^ provided^ 

•*' tbe ttsieiilw ta^ily dEe^a« ' Ftoi^ 

•< hence itfolIowt,that the fleih of thr 
'< wife bong the £mv with tha^ of the 
*^ huiband,wha«eirerftainftorbi<iiuibea^ 
*' are imbibed by»the iiril,,m«ft finally 
'* afiba the other, although^ as ( h?vo 
'* already, ob^rved, he ia .in. np'iiHUi- 
*< ner acceifary to the :nM^f(»i1«»nei. 
«.< Wherefore, aa the whok.p«r&0 i^ 
** affefled by the .pain of .the foot or 
<< any other member of the huoaa^bo- 
** dy i and the head, ithough no way 
**^ concerned in the cauie, ho- a feUow- 
<* fuiferer with the ando when . it ia 
'* huu f by the £inae rule, an iui(b^dr 
** being a part of the fame whole, muft 
« bear a ihare of his wifVs di(honour } 
*< for, asall the honours and 4ifgtace> 
** of this life proceed from .fl^and- 
<< bloody the infamy of a viciove wo- 
<* man, being of th^ fame oti^iw^ttiuft- 
** be fliared by her huiband^ who ought 
*^ to be looked upon as a diihofKieced 
** perfon, though he be utterly igiwManr 
" of the guilt. ReAeft> tbercsfofe»;An- 
-** felmo, jon the danger into whicbvyoia- 
*' bring yoodetf, by feeking:jto dimirb 
<* the peace and tranquilh^ q£ .your 
<« virtuous wife* Reflet iifxm tbe> va** 
** jiiiy and impertinence of- that cu« 
** riohty, which prompts you to awaken' 
** and ftir up thofe humours, 'that now 
*' lie tamed and quiet in the boibm of 
« yourchaftefpoufe. Confidery thatiia 
** this raih adventure, your gain muft 
** be very imall, but your loia nmy be 
** Ca great, that I leave it unmeotionedy- 
*< becauie I virant words (o exprefr it*a 
«< eftimation. On the whole, if. what 
'< I have {aid be. iniufiicieiit to divert 
** you from yoiir mifchieyooa dcfi^^ 
** I defire you will chuieibme other M* 
** Ibument of your misfortune and dif* 
« grace} for I will not ottderfeake die 
** officcy though, by myr lefttlaly T 
<< ihould. even lofe your fri«ndlhip» 
<^ which is dnrer to me than any tbing 
" upon earth.'* 

* Here the virtqouaand pnadcRt ]»o** 

* thario left off fptaking, and ^Uiiel«> 
\ mo remained in < fuch oon^sfipn and 

* perplexity, that,;.for. fome jji^af:^ Jie 
< could not anfvrer one word) aiideajph^ 

* hovfever, «he broke, iileaoey.; iaymi^ 
^ I have lii^ned^ my friend Leiipario^ 
\* as ycai ma^ \aiv^ pcrceiv0dt>*99^ 
*' great attention to ail yourhad^^^iiyr 
<• an4 by .yoo^ .atgpume^ts* eaM^let^ 
V aodcompayifippj^ am fally p o||| yr»d, . 
<> not only on your, great d i ferrt io n y 

DON QltriXOT«< 


■'' ihip to which yoQ have tttatiwd's 'I 
^ fee ^llb| 4ivil««iti, -tii^ in refiiTing 
** y^Mt ^linfett and foUowiiig'iny town, 
** I it^(M ihe good <and purfiie -the evi K 
'* TftistrufH heiikg acknowledged, ydu 
** nAiil'locfftrider me as a peribn aSmed 
*< *irith< timt iAfirmhy, which induces 
*< Ibnie women to f^girallow earth, chalk, 
*^ coaU» 4nd other things ok' a woHe 
•« nlit«H«e, vifhich if* Jorfthfome to the 

• ** fight,- how much nmre diiagreeabie 
*« «>aft they be to the talVe. Where- 
** fore^ there is an abfolute neceiiity for 

• ** iiiing^ fome method of cure, which 
*« yott ttwy e^Tily effect, by beginitin'g 
** to folScrt the love of Camilla, thougli 

^* coldlyand feignedlyi and. Aire, Ibe 

- ** cattifot be lb frail as to furrender her 

•* vktucTat the firft eneounter^ With 

' c* thM^ght attemjpt I ihall reft iatis- 

** 'fied, andyoii fnlnl thedotyof Iriend- 

*^ ih?|>, viot only m giving me new life, 

**' bat alfo in difluading me from being 

♦« tbecaxifeof myowndiihoRoup. Nay, 

•"■ytoti are obliged to comply with my 

** ve({ntlY^ by this other conitdcration, 

** that, dettrmined as I aorto put my 

^< d«fign in ^execution, you ought not 

*< tO' allow mre to communicate this 

^* extravagant refo^ution to any other 

^< peribn, left I run the nik ot lofin^ 

** that honour which you endeavour to 

** preierve ; and, as to yom* fufi«ring iti 

^ the^pinion of Camilla, by attempting 

-<( to'feduce her, that is a reflexion of 

^* ftttsAl importance^ .becaule,. when her 

^* integrity is proved, you can foon in 

'^* form iter of our whole contrivance; 

■^ confltqilently, regain and repofle& the 

*f former place you held in her efteem. 

■** Sifice^ therefore, by adventuring fo 

•• little, it is in your power* to give me 

** fo much fatisfa^tion ; I hope, you 

** ':9fA} not refufe the office, even if it 

** waft attended with more, inconve- 

<^ nience 3 for^ I have already told you, 

** that I ihall look upon the affair as 

«<. conckidied, whenever you ihall have 

«• mads the firft attempt." 

* Lothario ieeing him fixed in his re - 

• < Ibiotiony even after he had exhaufted 
. ' att his riietorick to difiuaile him from 

< i|<i tnd fearing' he wouk) execute his 

< threat of imparting .Ur unhappy de- 
t < oifigftitor fome other peribn, determined 

* to prevent a greater misfortune, by 

* complying vnthifafis^lefire > purpofin^, 
i* hawmv, to manage theboiinefs m 

* fttch a manner^ as to (Guisf y Aalelmd, 
> widioutaiten^tlief^atioMntsof his 

imfe. WIttt thik thw; he t^U Ast- 
ieima that he ihould have iio«ceafion 
to: commsiBicase his intention t» "wny 
other man { for he, Lotharb, woul^l 
undertake the aiFair, and begin when 
he pleaiixi. Anfeimo, embracing hi« 
fiiend wich great tendemefa^^nd af^ 
fe^Vion, thanked him as much fop hit 
compliance, as if he .had granted him 
fsiVBit «aft favour $ and it .was con- 
certed between tlurm, that . Lodiari6 
&ould begin the entei^mze theverf 
next day, when Anfelmo would givfc 
him time and opportunity of; bein^ 
alone with Camitla, that he ai^falt 
A>eakto herawich freedom $.aiid dib' 
iupply, him .with flMhey aiidje#el#, 
that with Aicb pveients herifnyglitjxfo*^ 
more his futt ; he, moreover^ advifeA 
him tty attempt* her by uMifickv «nd 
write verfesjn her praiib^ •r^.jf thdt 
would 'be too much troabte dior. thfe 
gallant, be hrmfeif would :fiDiiipbik 
them ibr rlie piirpofet Lotltaiwvunw 
dertook cveiy things but with .afveiy 
different intention from whatAnlelv 
mo-fuppoled $ and the agreemedt be«> 
ing made,, they, returned tothehouft 
of this Utt, whfej-e they found .Ca»- 
milla 'waiting with great .anxiety^ for 
her huiband, wiio had that day tai*- 
ried longer than ufual abiroad. hxgu 
thario . ibon af te» went home tn hit 
own lodgings,' leaving bis fiicni aft 
happy as htmfelf was perple«erf how 
to contrive a i'cheme fot bringing thit 
afiiair to . a - fortunate iiTue ^ . but that 
night he fell-upoa* an expedient (to de^ 
ceive Anfelmo, without giving ofttncb 
to his ttrtfe. .,•<•« 

< Next day he went to dine widi fait 
friend, and was very kinslly oetcited 
by Camilla, who entevtaiaed* hirti 
with great cordiality, as* her hnf- 
hand's intimate compampn. J>intier 
being endeti, and the table witlidtawn, 
An&lmo riiing up, defired X«otfaipii> 
to ftay with Camilla tiil hit return 
from an indifpenitble piece :of . bnfi- 
iiefs, that would detain him 'tn hour 
and a half; ■ Camilla iatreaiedhim tt> 
defer it .untiL another timo* and Lo- 
thano offered to. go ak>&giwith hmf ; 
but'he was deaf:tQ both, minnr ho- 
thario to let him go^ while he mould 
wait at his. hoafe tiU hetcanpe* back, 
for he watited to taUc with hint upon 
a fubjeft .of the laft impoitatees' at 
*.thfr fame .time^ defiring Camilla to 
^ ^p. Lothario {coopaoy till hit f»> 

■ * twpi 


iroH qvixorz. 

-^ twn^ m ilwrt, he ib fkell fiMcd 

* idle naceffityy or mther foUy oh hh 

< ablence^ thm nobody oould have fir- 

* §p€^ed the deceit.. He accordingiy 

< went out,' and left CamiUa i^ Tm 
., * frieud by themfeivei, for the reft* of 
^ ^. tho&miiy bad' g«ne to dinner ) (b 

« that Lothario (eeinghirofiilfvMtiiift the 

< liftsv aoQprding to Anfelmo^s 'defire, 

* with, his fair eneaiy, ^vhofe heauty 
^ akt-waa poi«*erftil enough to over- 
^ CDiM a wiiole fifnadron of itrmed 
.<. hnighlti' i^ may be caiily coaceifed 

< whaeteaiba he had to -fear, yet ali he 

* did w^ to lean his head off his- hand, 
I . whiia his tVbom rafted u^n the arm 
5 o£ tfieAair in.whieh helat, and afr^ 

* fa^f«9!gpr begged psrdon for his SiN 
IP nranners, to icU CamiUa he would 
f la)u5 a na^ till Anfelmo*s returns Sh^ 
^ £iidiie would be mora at his eaie in a 
f coodh than in the chair, and adviied 
'* hsmjto Walk into a chamber where he 
A wonld find one. This oiler, how- 
^' ever, he declined, astid ilept where he 
« wa»tiU the return of his friend, who 
^' iiadM^'Camitta in herown apartment, 
^ and Lolhario afleep, concluded that 
' byliis itog ftay he had given them 
■f time nxit only to fpeak, but al:fo to 
' takja 'their nepofe^ imd was imptnatrtt 

> &>r JLothario^s waking, that he might 
^ carry, htm out ta walk, and enquire 
^ above hiaown foftune. 

* Every thing iueeceded to hia wifli*: 
^ when his friend awoke, they went 
^ forth together, and he put every cfutf" 
^ taOR to him that hta «uriofity foggeft- 
^ cd<- I|«iiiarto4Hifwered, that thinking 

* it improper to explain hiioslelf ontfaie 
^Hck occaiioB, he had done nothing 
!*- irat^pralfiRi Camilla's beauty.,' which, 
-^ togttbepvrith her difcretion, he told 
4 her engrafled the oonverfatioD of the 

* whole city ^ this he imagined was the 
*■ moft prudent begiftnuig, as it might 
>^ pmoliera her hiliis favour, and dif* 
■* poK her to liften to him anotbar time 
4 with pleafure i being the fame artifice 
« which is fnSdkA by the devil, who, 
^■* v^a»lie wmiU feduce tho6 who-are 
^ on their guaad^ tnuisfomia Mmielf 
i ^ ' f com an imp of darknoft intoan ai^l 
« of. light, Mi flattering them with 

> ^tckma'-aMcanHices, at len^ dif- 
« oovert hia uovaa ^eoty and luoeceds 
'^ Is hia defign, provided hia' deceit be 

* not <deiBiM in the beginninip. This 
f' daelaratiDnvMaakdMlicrlhuafaftory 
^^AsMm^ utolaii ht wuldfiit 

* Urn tba htnt oppoHuAity eyerjr day, 

< without quitting the koule, in whieh 

* he would empiay biin&lf fo artful iijr, 

< that Camilla fliould never Aifpejl ms 

* deiign. Many days pafiedy iix>«hich, 

* though Lpthario never opened his 

* mouth on the fubje^ to CamiUa, be 

* told Anieiafto that he had made many 

* efforts, but am Id never percei^ in 
' her the leaft tendency to weaknefs, or 

< obtain the' leaft iHadow of hope i on 

* the conttary, that fiie had threatened, 

* if he did not lay afide the wipked de- 

* (i^, to difclofe the yvhole afBur to 
« hn^ hufband. << Very weli/' {aid 
^ Anfelmo, '< hitherto (he is prqof againft 
** worIs, we muft now try whietber or 
** not Ihe can re/ift works aUb« To- 
** morrow you Aiall have twoiK^Mfand 
*' crowns in gold, for a prefeiat'tO'her; 
** and as much itiore to purch^iie jew- 
" els, for a bait ; thefe are things wish 
*' which all beautiful women are papti- 
' < vated ; for, be they ever fo cha Ae, .tney 
" love fihery and gay apparel, if Ibe with- 
** ftands that temptation ,1 wi 11 ueft^tis- 
** /led and give you nofarthes trouble/* 

* Lothario pitomired to go through 
' with the- enterprize, now that he had 

* begun, though he was peffuaded he 
' ikoutd be fatigued and ba0kd in die 

* execution. Next day he received four 
' thou&nd crowns, and as many per- 

* plexities along with them.} ^ he did 

* not know indiat Ive he.ihould nei^t in* 

* vent} however, hedetenaBiaed tQtell 
' his friend, that Camilla waa aa iii^in- 

* cible to prefitntaas tat ^orda^ and that 

* he ihouJd give hinjiielf no ^eurtiier veir* 

< ation, fince ali hia endeavgiHrf were 

* thrown away to no purpoie : but.for- 

* tune, which condufked mattiers in ano- 

* ther manlier, ordained that A|iieimO| 

< one day, after having, accordiJMS to 

< cuftom, left Lothario and hit wife by 

* themlelves, and gone to bis own 

* chamber, fliouild peep ' through the 

* key-hole, and lilbn to their coQaerfih> 
' tion, it was then he perceivcdi that 

* in half an hour and mcure, Lotha- 

* rio did not fpeak one wQrd» mther 

* would he have opened hi^ aaouth^ 

< had he remained, a whole age in the 

* fame (ituatioia. From hence he con- 

< eluded, thM every thing hia firipnd 

* had told htm of Camult'ft fejdies, 

* waa mere idimi;} bot» to b» ftiil 

* more aflfured, he came oik of bia 

< ofaamber, and calling Lotiboiiitt alide, 

* aiked itdiat neve hi hadg wad horn 

< Camilla 

W>Hv ftUixoT»4 


4^ Ciiiiafi ltao« alMe^l^kMi Hejse^ 
« pliod, that hie mm rtfolvcd to dfop the 
«• b<iiii»eift^Atirolr» for flii& h^^kkkf^ 
^ kka wit^, Aicb bUterxiefs and MdigWi-' 
<- tioAj^.Uiat heihad oo<mind|o*FQ(u«Blo> 

* the jphargc. .. " Ab, Lotbaci»Jl. l-o- 
«« tharioJT' raicfcAnftlmo,. .« ]|o«i n»di 
*^ youliavefaiied in tberdut|r of- fxioid- 
^ fliip, and abtufed tbe am^exystil 
^ bavd repoftd ip your ^f&^onl . Ibave 
<< tbi8ttiiieipokingthrou|;bth« 
^ ke^'hole o£ jtbat dQor>. aad^percAi^ed 
'* that you barft not fpqkea on« w«rd 
^' tot Can)iila>. fran. wheactf I Mj^ 
«< tJiat your firil dedaratooft is yet<9 
^ dome} and if that. he^^ at 
*^' without doubt it 19, wbonsfore banre 
a< you tbua deceived mcj aiid:ia./o 
*' idoingy pcevented me han .«rtbe# 
<*• npeana to fatisfy'inydeiijie?** He laid 
< BO more,, but tbia was §a&cim^ to 

* cover Lo^rid with £bame* and coo" 
« fufionfwfao».thinkifig his hoopur 0011' 
f cemed in being convi&ed of a- iyei 
a fwore ta iAn£bUno, he would front 
« that moment, take the chargft of giv^' 

* ing him the fatisfa6lion ha rufpiirad,* 

* without the kaft equivocaCibo, at 
V he might peiceive by watching lum 

* narrowly: though there would be no 

* occafion tor ufing Aich diligence, be- 
« caufe his future Behaviour in that af- 
f fair would acquit him of all fufpicion. 

f Anfebno gave credit to his protaiso: 
' tionj and» that bisopportunitieaai^ht 

* be more fecure, and left fubje&tpjn- 
' terruption, refolved to abfent himfelf 
■ fix>m- hts own houfe, for .eight day 9^ 
t during which he propofed to ' vi£t a 
f £riend who lived in a viliage not far 

* firom the city j and whom he deiked 
\ to invite him to his houie wi;t|i .the 

* moft eameft intreaciesy that be might 
f cxcufe himfelf to Camilla fj^his Ah^ 
( fence> ■ ' % U nfortunate and impnident 
( Afi&lmol what art thou doing? what 
f art thou contriving and concerting? 
I Confider that thou art a£ling ag^ntt 
i tfayielf, planning thy own diibonour 
i and perdition. Your wtCs Camilla is 

yirtuous and fober, and you pofiefl 
her at prefent in quiet, enjoying unin-' 
terrupted pleafurej her in(;liQaxions 
never ramble beyond the walls pii' your 
own houfe^ you are her .p^'adift 
upon earth, the goal of her jdcfires,* 
the accdni|)ltihment of hcTu wiihes; 
and the ftandard by which ihe meai 
Aires ber will, adjofting'it in all te* 
i^e^ ac^^di^l^ C&your.plaaiiiiaji&d 

r th^ dirafticpic oC Ifeavan. - Stnpe iha 
' .mine of her. bonourr beauty,, mndefty» 
f and viftus^ yieida ^e,< withoqut trou- 
< ble,. ali the- ri^bes w4uqh it contains^ 

* or thou caa^ dtfire j, why wouldft 
' thop, by digging in /e^cb of a new 
' and.imh«ar7qf tie^ur^) riik 1;h^ ftU 

* or.dettKu{iio& 9^ the/wbple, which it 
^ iuftaioed bf :tfai^ feablc-pioiM/ olv£e« 

* male , cooftaiKy ? Jftan^nabcritis. hut 

* juliy.tbat'bew^P build^^oa iiyipoflibU 
f liti/QS fiwM be.#niedr th» pfivij^igt 
« ^f an)^ qdMr ,<b)ij^tipn i m At R^et 
5. bath betttnexpsifliadfit in tbttfoHflbsr* 
^ inigrCfupltMv<<» 

r"i <*"t 

I • »•< t* 1 

« U#atb.I.t>i«b!t>i;^^ . * 

** Ai^d heaithi where {^e diftempler pij?id ( > 

<* I lo^k'd for freedom ^n the '^"adl. j^ , 

" And faith^wAerc pcrjuriiBS prevail j , \ , 

•* But riate fupreme, whoft ftc'rn dfecrce' ^ 
^^ 'to forrow march'd my dcfttny, 

*« AlfpomblfertlicfWitharcw," ' ' * 

«« Becauft tV itopoffibfe Klfeept ift^eV'."' 

. ■ . * 

< Nest iday AnfelAio* went to* tht 
' comMry,. after haxring. told Camtilai 

* that IB fats abiancr Lothario - would 

< tabe charge of the family, land* dint 

* wiife bee awry, day) hetheixfinede* 
^ find her tv tnsat him with- all the re' 
!^ SfuGt dut'to- .Us own perfonw Ca* 
*' mMia, being a^womaa* of hoBtuvrand 

< dilcretion, was di%ufted at thtt or^ 

< der, and bade him confider haw wn* 
*' feemlysit was fiat anotber n(iain.lo»fit 

* at the hcad> of bit table in hit Mm* 
f fence ; . at tht fihnt time- 

< that if hia dirtAitns proaeeded Ttom 

* his ^fiidence in hm capacity, ht 

< wouid foa ansa put her management 

< to the trial, and be convinced byot-' 

* perience,ttliat fixe viraa equal to a niort 

* important, charge. Anytime repliedj; 

< that iuob-was his plealbi^ and* her 

* province was ta bow. the head' and 
^ obey; upon which^ fte, though on ^ 
f willingly, fubmitted. . Next day ht 
f iet tut accordinglv> and^ Lothario 
f went to:his btufty wbcrc he nvetweth 

< a vege^kittd and bonouaable ceetptioii 

< fix)m« Camilla^ who jneveo gave bint' 

* an op^prtunity^of being alone vrttil 

* her, \nk^ waa alwagrs. isurrounded by 
<. her fdrvantSf geneDaily attendeiifr bf 
^ berovrn maid, whofe-nam^was JLei^ 
^ onelafy ibr. whom- hermi^oft hadt 
<■ particul^' atfedSoB^ beeanfe they bad 
f. been brought op together firom^^teefr 
f. iafancyy. in tb6.1i«c»iis of^ Camilla's 
\ p«rei^s^^'.and wbente'.manatd'Ant* 

'B b ^ feimo^ 


DON ^iXOi'E. 

L- » 

* ' fcrriio/ fhc * accotApAiW her to lilf 
<"Kou(e in quality of waiting- woman. 
-« During the fiffr three days- Lotha- 

< rio did not declare himfeif; although' 

* he had opportunities immediatdy af- 

* ter the taWe wa» "uncdtered, ^hilc 

* the fervant$ were at diHner, whfch' 

* Camilla always -^nicred them tofi- 

* niih w^th aH expedition. Nay, Ae 
« jjare d ircft lofts' to ' Let>ncl«, to* dift^ 
^ every day befott the cloth was laid 
« forherfelf, that ftte irti^ht sflways be 

< in waiting ; but her maid^s thought^ 

* • were too much 'Cngf oflfed by her owii 

* amufements, the enjoyment of whicH 

< required fuch time ^nd opportunity, 
« W oftto hhidcred tirf' from ottering 
^'the commands bf her miftrefs, (b that 
« flie frequently behaved as if (tih haci( 

* received orders to leaye them aloncj 
« but the dignified prefijnce of ipa- 

* milla, the gravity of her cojunte* 

* nance, and awfulnefs of perfon, wera 

< fuch as eflFeftually bridled Lothario^s 
^ tongue t yet tite energy-bf virtue, m 
<• having this very eifef^, redounded the 

< more to the difadvantage of them 
^'bothj for, tboogh his tongue was re« 

< drifted, his thoughts had-a fuU and 

< a free opportunity of. contemplating 

< at leifure the charraaSxitii of kermind 

* and perfon, which were fufiicient to 

< captivate not only an" heart of fle/h> 

* but even a (tatueof (lone. 

^ <.Xothario, by gaaing at faer during 
*cthoie opportunities, beheld how wor* 

* thy ihe was to be beloved ; a^d this 

* convi6lioD began gradually tc^ fap his 

* regard for his friend, fo that he made 
^ a:thDufancf Tefo^iona to quit the 

< city, and go where he (hould never 

* more be feen by Anfelmo, or be 9X^ 
*'pofed to danger from the beauty of 
^ nis wife; but all thefe were baffled 
f by the pteafure he had already felt, in 

* feeing and admiring her charms; he 

< conftrained himfeif, and cpmbated his 

* own inclinatigns, in order to expel 

* and efface that fatisfaftion : when he 

* was alone he condemned his own mad * 

* nefs, and repioached himfelf 'hs a falfe 

* friend and worthlefs Chriftian ; he 
^ made a thoufand refle^Hons and com^ 
^ parifons between himfelf and AnftU 

< mo; and they all terminated in this 
f condufion, that the mad nefs and raih 

< confidence of his friend greativ ex^ 
^ ceeded his own infidelity, and tnat if 

* he could excufe himlelf to HeaVen, 

< for what he int^^ed to dq^ at ea^ly 

';<iread any puhiihment lor the crime,' 
^ Ifl'ftorti the beaut)r and other accom* 

* ^iliihrnents of Camilla, together with 

* the' o|>poHunliy which t& ignorant 

* klafbiAd put into his hands, entirely 
'•<>vertllMw 'the integrity of ' Lothario ; 

* 'who>' giving way at once to the die- 
<' tates bf his paliion, began at the end 
*' of ii^Me days^ during which ' he had 

< btffen at cqptinual war with his de- 

< fn«s, to'addrefs himftlf to Caonillz 

< witb fuck diforder • and amorons dif- 
^ «qurfe^ that ihe was utterly aftdniftied, 

< and rtiing'Up went to her own cham- 
^ ber without anfwering one word. But 

< this coynefs did not abate Lothario's 
^ hopCr whi^k always increafes with a 
*' ni«n*alo«e; on the century, he re^ 

< doubled his efforts; while ihe, per- 
<'cei^n^ him b^ave To wide of expec- 
^ cation, did not well know what con- 

* dtift to efponie.} but, ' tlmtking it 
\ would be both unfeemly and unfafe 
t..inber» to grant him another* opportu- 

< nity> flie determined that very night 

* to ibnd a meflage to her hulband, and 
1 a^ioaHy difpatched a fervant to him 

< 'witloi the following letter^ 



<< T T is a conunon obfervation, that 
' X 'Van army without a genial, and 
** agarrii'on without a chief j make but a 
<< very indifferent appearance $ but I 
** faVt that a young married ' woman 
<< without a.hufl>and makes a worl'e, 
*<'eipeciaily when his absence is not 
** the efiWl of abiblute neceAity; for 
'* my own part, I find myieif £o xxR' 
** eafy, and unable to fupport our ie* 
** paration, that if you do not nturn 
<* immediately, I muft.go an(\ paf« my 
<* time at< my father's houfe, though I 
t* flioiuld leave yours without a guard; 
<< for 1 believe be t)iat you left, if be 
f* was defigned fpr that purpofe, hath 
<< more regard to his own pleaiuretban 
** to y|>ur advantage; and fi nee you are 
'i^ wife^ I have nothing more to fayj 
<* nor is it proper I ihould/* 

< When Anfelmp received this letteri 

i be waa au^vincedxha^i^Lotbairio had U- 




gan the enterprize, and that hb ,wifc 
had behaved according to his wiih $ 
rejoiced beyond .meafute at this inTor* 
mation^ he anfWered by k verbarmef- 
(age, that.,flie fkould byiio nieans 
leave the houfe; for be Would return 
in a very little timek Camilla was 
aftonifhed at this reply, which per- 
plexed her more' than ever, as flie 
dul-ft neither (iay in her own bopfe^ 
nor go to her father^s; for, in (laying 
at home, (he endangered her honour, 
^nd in going to'her parents^ (he traaf- 
g^efled the commands of her huiband. 
In fine, fhe refotved u|x>n that which 
was worft of all,, namely, to remain 
where ihe was, determined not to 
avoid Lothario, that the fervauts 
might not obferve her (ituation ) and 
ihe was already forry for what flie 
had written to Anl8mo, being afraid 
he would imagine Lothario had per- 
ceived Tome levity in her condufl, 
which encouraged him to lay adde 
the decorum he ought to have preferv- 
ed. 'Confident of her own virtue, 
ihe trufted to God and her confciont 
prudence, by the . help of which fhe 
thought (he could in filence refift all 
the folicitations of Lothario, without 
giving her hufband any farther inform 
matfon, left it ihould involve him in 
fome trouble or dangerous difputet 
nay, flie was even induftridus in 
inventing fome excu(er for Lotlia*^ 
rio, in cafe Anfelmo fHould afk the 
reafon that induced her to write fuch 
a letter. 

' With thefe fentiments, which wen 
more honourable than prudent and 
advantageous, flie next day fat liften- 
ing to Lothario, who exerted him- 
(elf in fuch fl manner, as to ihake 
her* fortitude, which, With alf her vir- 
tue, was barely fufficient to hinder her 
eyei from giving manifeft indications 
of the amorous compaffton that his 
tears and addreflfes had awakened in 
her breaH^. All this tendernefs, which 
LotWrio obferved, inflamed his paf- 
iion the morej and thinking there 
was a neceflity for (hoftening -the 
fiege, while this opportunity of An* 
felmo's abfence hfted, he aiiaulted her 
pride with the praifes of her beauty ^ 
fqr nothing fooner fuccceds lii over- 
throwing the embattled towers of 
female vanity, than vanity itfelf, em- 
ployed by the tongue of adulation s in 

^ the fortress, of .her^virtue> And plied it 
' with fuch irrefiftible engines, that 
' though (he had been ' madfe bf brafs^ 

* flie muft have fuireridered at mercy« 
< He wept, intteated, promifed, flatter- 

* ed, feigned, and importuned, witlk 
^ fuch earileft expreflions of loVe, as 
' conquered all her referve ; at laft he 

* obtained a compleat triumph, which| 
' though what he leaft expelled, was what 
' of ail things he mod ardently defiredj 
' (he yielded — the chafte Camilla yield- 
',edi B^t, what wonder^ fince even 

* Lotharios friendfhip gave way: a 

* clear and inconteftible proof, that 

* love is to be conquered by -light 
', alone; and that no perfonv atevec 
' ought to engage fuch a powe /ul ad- 

* verfary, hand to hand, hiscaufe no« 

* thing but force divine can fubdue that 
f human power. 

' Leonela alone was pfivy to the 

* weaknefs of her mirtrefs, Which the 
' two new lovers and falfe friends could 

* not poilibly conceal from her know- 
' ledge I anci Lothario did not chuft to 

* tell Camilla the contrivance of An* 

* felmo, who had given him the oppOr* 

* tunity of accomplifhing his dengn j 
' that (he might not undervalue hia 

* love, by fuppofing that he courted he:^ 

< by accident, without being at firft 

< really enamoured of her charms. An- 
' felmo returning in a few days, did 

* not perceive the lofs of that, which* 

< though he preferved. with the leaff 

< care, he prized above all other poflef* 

* fionsj but going in quell of Lotha- 
' rio, whom he found in his own lodg* 

* ing, after a mutual embrace, he de- 

* fired he would tell him the new! that 
« muft determine his life or death . " The 

news which I have to give you, my 
friend,'* faid Lothario, "arethefej 
you have a wife who truly deferves 
to be the pattern and queen of all 
good women. The exprefHons I 
ufed to her were fpent in the air, my 
promifes were defpifed, my pi^fenta 
<' rejected, and fome tears that! feign* 
<< ed, moil heaitily ridiculed ; in (hort. 
Camilla is the fum of all beauty, ana 
the cafket in which are depofited ho* 
nour, affability, modeft v, and all the 
qtralifications that dignify and adorn 
a woman of virtue. Here, take back 
your money, which I have had no oc* 
cafion to ufe : the chaftity of your 
fpbuie is not to be (haken by fuch 







(hort, he' fo affiduouflyundermiAed *' mean ^gniiderations as thole of pro 

■ B b a •< mifet 


DOR Qpiko^ti' 

V mifes and prefcDttj "be (ktitfied, An* 
<^ felitio, and make no more unpro* 
** Stable trials i' fmcc yoM hjhrc dxy; 
f< (bod crofled the. Tea of tho'fe doul>tf 
<< apdrufpicions ^hich are and ma^ 
f* "b(; entertained of wonren, ftek not t^ 
** jilunge yourfelf anew into the dan- 
*«. jgsruus gulph of frefli difflcultieg, bv 
^* -ufing another pilot to make a fecond 
•• trial of the ftrength and tightnefs of 
*' ,the vefTel v^hich you have ceceivec) 
•'from "Heaven to perform the voyage 
** 6f this life J but contideryouffelf .as 
** in a fafe harbour, where you ought 
*/ toiec^ire yourfelf with' the anchor or 

V found reflection, and remain until yoij 
^' are called upon to p^y that tax from 
** which no human rairic can exempt 
«' you/' ' ' ^ 

* Anfelmo was infinitely rejoiced a{ 
f tiii$ information of Lothario, which 
' he believed as implicitly as if 4t ha^ 

4 fbeen pronounced by an oracle j but| 

* neverthelefs, he befought'him to con- 

* tinue his addrelTes, merely for cu- 
^ riofity and amufement, though not wftl^ 

* the fame eagernefs and difigence which 
« he had ufed before j be aefired him 

* tjo write vcrfes inpraiic of Camillai 

5 ^nder the name.of Chloris^ promiling 
<, to tell his Wife, that he, (Lothario, wa^ 
£'iii love with a lady whom he cdebra- 
f ted under that fiClitious n^me^ in order 

* to preferve -the c^eorum . due to he^ 

* charader ; and he aflured him^ tha^ 
f if Lothario did not chufe to take thf 

* trouble of making verfes^ he him 7 
^ fea would compofe them for the oc^ 
« t:a5«m. " You fliall not need/' fai^ 
•Lothario; «' the mufes are not quite 
•• ib av/erfe, but th^y vifit me fomc; 
" fimes : you may fell Camilla what 

* you have mentioned, concerning 
•* my pretended love i and as for the 
•* vcrfes, "if not adequate to the fub- 
•'^ jeft, they fHall, at all events, be the 
«' bcft Ican'make/' ' 

* Xhis agr^ment being concerted bc; 

* tweek the impertinent hulband an3 
' treacherous friend, Anfelmo returned 
^ to his own houl'e, and afked Camilla^ 
' what file wondered he had not men- 

* tioned before \ namely, the meaning 

* of that letter which (he had dilbatch- 
« ed ,to him in the country. Sne an- 

* fwercdi that (he then fancied 'Lotba* 

* rio looked at ber with more freedom 

* than he ufed to take when Anfelmo 

* was at home j but now the was un- 

* deceived, and conviaced of if s being 

no moi? than mere imYgmatiOD^ tof 
he had of late avoided alT occaifions of 
beii^g atong with Ver. Aniehno laid 
the might make hcifelf entirely eafy, 
from that quarter; for -be knew that 
Lothario was in lore with a lady of 
fafliion m the city, y^hom he ci^ebnifted 
under the name of CHloris ; and even^ 
if "he was free of any fuch engage- 
ments, there was nothing to be feared 
from the 'honour of Lothario, and the 
fritnAijxin ftrbfifting between them. 
If Camilla had not been previonfly 
advertifcd by her fccret gaHant, of 
this fuppofed love of CHioris, with 
which be intended to hoodwink her 
'hnfband, that he might fometimes in- 
dulge himfelf infier own praife, under 
the cover of that name^ flie would, 
without doubt, have been diftra6ied 
with jealoufy; but thusinftru£^ed, flic 
heard him whhout furpi'ize or con* 
ccm. ', 

* Next day, while they were at din- 
ner, Anfelmo intreated his friend to 
repeat fome of the verfes he had com- 
pofed^in praileof Chiorfs, who beinf 
ntterly unkovtm tp Camilla, he might 
fecurely fay what he pleafed . " Tho* 
' file were of her, acquaintance,^* an- 
Twered Lothario, •• I fliould not think 
myfelf bound to conceal my paflion j 
for, when a lover praifes the beauty, 
and at the fame time bewaiia the 
cruelty of hta nnftrefs, her reputation 
can finfer no prej udhre ; but, be that 
aB it ^U, I own, I yefterday wrote a 
fong on tlw ingratitude of Chloria, 
whtch you fhallhear. 



W "reign, 

^ And fleep voucbfiifes the world to ble^ 
*^ To Heav'n and Chloris I complaia 
<^ Of dire and affluent dlftrefs. 


«« When Phabus, led by rofy mom, 
« At iirft, his radiant Ttfage fiiews, 

** With- tears, and fighs,and groans, forl«rn, 
<< Mylbtti the bitter plaint renews* 


<< 'When from hisbrightmeridiam thraoe, 
** The dassitag rays defcend amain, 

ff With •ggmvated gvief i.moaipi, 

^ Andnightibringf h»c|^.thew«>e6ilfin|in» 

'(( Thus, to. my vowa a^d ffffjf'm 1 ^nd, • 
« My Chiprii deaf> 4ad l^at^AoakioJI.? 

< The 

DON ^ikartr 


♦'Phc "feng wajJ ippiroved by C5a- 
« no^I^ and I^udl''morefoby*hcrIipf*. 
^ band, who applauded it to thefki^s, 
« and obferved that the lady mufftbe 

* exccffiveiy crbel, who could refift 

* iiich a true and patheticlc complaint, 
f 'What !•' faid Camilla, " is every 
•• thing true that we are told by the 
'* poets when they are in love?"— 
•« What they rehearfe as poets,'* an; 

* fwered Lothario, * * is not alvray s trath| 
«• but what theyafRrm as lovers, is al- 
*^ waysfromtheheart."— '^Youarecer- 
•« tairily in the right,** replied Anfelmo, 

* wirh a view of fupporting and giving 

* fanftioii to Lothano^s fentiments, in 

< the opinion of Camilla, whofe in^ 

< difference about her hufband^s artilice 

* was now equal to her love for his pre- 

< tended friend. Pleafed therefore with 

* his performances, becaufe ihe very 
^ well knew that his inclinations and 
^ compoiitions were infpired by, and ad* 

< drened to her, who was the true Chlo- 
^ ris, ihe defired him, if he had any 

* more fongs or verfes, to repeat them, 
«« I have another," faid Lothario, **but 
*• I believe it is not fo good j or, rather, 
«« it is leis tolerable than the laft. How- 
^ ever, you (hall judge for yourfelf ^ 
•• iiere it is. 



^ '^T^ £ Si, cruel nuud! I urekorae death, 

Y « And tho'lperiihuotolor'd,. 
<* Thy be«\ity with my latcft breathy 
** Shall be applauded and ador'd. 


^ The' loft in dark obllvron^s Aadc, 
"i Bereft of favour, life, and fame, 

v< My faithful heart, when open laid, 
«• WiU ihcw thine image and thy name. 


<< Thefe rell^ufts I preferve with care^ 
*' My comfort In difaftrous fate j 

«* For, fteel'd and whetted by dcf^air, 
<' My love new force acquires from hate* 

«« Unhappy thofe ! who, darkling, fall 
•« Where ftars, and ports, and pilots fail.*' 

* This fongwfis commended as much 

* as the vfirft, by Anfelmoj who in this 
■* manner added Ititk to link of the 
' xh2iin with which lie enslaved himfelf, 

* and iecuired his ^wn diihonour; fot 
^ ^cn Lothario difgraced him mofC, 

* when he thought himfelf moft honour- 
« ^, and cvfliyAep that Camilla de- 
' ^<fended towards the very center of con^ 






* tempt, Ihe, in flieopinion of her huf» 

* band, moun.ted to tne very fummit Kxt 

* irirtuous reputation. About this timCi 

* liappeniDg to be alone with hef maid. 
'' I am alhamed, dear Leonela^** iaid 

* ihe, ** when I confider how I have un* 
** dervalued myfelf j for I ought to 
^ have mada Lothario employ a great 
** deal of time in purchafing the entire 
** pofielUbn tof my favours, which I fo 

willingly furrendexed at once 5 and I 
am a^aid that he will look upon mj 
fudden yielding as the effeft or levity^ 
wiiliout receding upon the violences 
of his own iiddrelTes, which it wa^ 
impoflTible to refift.*^ — « Let not that 

five you the leaft difturbance, Ma* 
am,*' anfweredLeonela; ** for there 
<* is no realbn why a thing Ihould lofe 
*• k*s dlimation, by being freely given^ 
"' if it is aftually good in it's kind and 
worthy of efteem j nay, it is a com- 
mon faying,That he who gives freely^ 
gives twice."— «« There is alfo ano- 
fher common obfervation,*' repjied 
Camilla, " that which is eafily go^ 
is little valued." — " You afe not at 
«' all affeftcd by that obfervation," re* 

* fumed Leonela j « for love^ they fay^ 
** fometimes flies^ fometimes waQt^ 
*« runs with one, creeps with another^ 
** warms a third, burns a fourth, wound- 
** ing fome, and (laying others. In 
*.* one moment it begins, performs, and 
«< concludes it's career j lays fiege ta 
** the morning to a fortrefs, which iis 
*« furrendered before night, there being 
** no fortrefs that can withftand it'^ 

power. This being the cafe, what 
caule have you to be alarmed or a- 
fraid ? this was the power that ziStted 
Lothario, by making ufe of my m^- 
" fter's abfence, as the inftrument of hi» 
** fuccefs 5 and what love had deter- 
mined, muft of necefHty have been 
concluded during that per^d, beforjB 
Anfelmo could, by bis rSunu, pre- 
vent the perfection of the work. Op- 
portunity is the beft minifter for ex- 
ecuting the deilens of love; and iii 
employed in all his undertakings 
efpeciaUy in the beginning of them* 
This I know to be true, more by 
•• e^erience than hearfayj and I Ihall 
•* one day tell you, Madam, that I am|i 
" girl of flj^lh and blood, as well as your 
•^•UdyAip; Befides, yourladyOiip'did 
" not vield until you had difcecnei^ in 
••'flic looks, fi^s, proteftatums, pro- 
•« mifes, and prefents of Lotliario, hit 

•• whole 







t>OK ^IX07^.« 


whole Conl vndilguiiedb 9ad adorned 
'< with fuch virpies as rendered him 
'* worthy of your Io7C. Let not, there- 
** forei thefe fcrupulous and whining 
'< refleiSlIohs harrafs your imapnation ; 
^^ but aflure youirfelf, that Lothario^s 
f ' love. and yours are mutual | fo that 
'< you may think yourflglf extremely 
*' happy^ in being, caught in the amo- 
*' rous fnare by a man of worth and 
" honour, who not only poifefles the 
** four qualities beginning With S *, 
'< which ought to be the c2Se of ail true 
** lovers, but alfo a whole alphabet of 
'< accompliihments. Liften, and you 
** (hall near how cleverly I 'will rc- 
'< count them. He is, in my fimple 
** opinionj amiable, benevolent, coii- 
« rageous, diverting, enamoured, firmi 
** gay, honoui-able, illuftrious, loyal, 
«* mcttlefome, noble, obedient, prince* 
*< ly, qualified, rich, and the S. S. as I 
•* have already obferved. Then, he is 
•« trufty, vigilant, the X does not fuit 
** him, becaufe it is a harih letter ; Y 
'< ftahds for youth, and i for zeal, in 
•* hi? attachment to you," 

* Camilla laughed at the alphabet of 
< hex^ maid, whom (he found more 
* knowing lii the affairs of love than 
' (he hacl pretended to be ) and this 
knowledge indeed fhe confeffed, difr 
cloiing to her miftrels an intrigue that 
ilie carried on with a young man of a 
good family in town. Camilla was 
difturbed at this information, fearing 
that her honour ran fome rifk from 
their correfpondeuce^ and when (he 
prefled her to confefs, whether or not 
It had been brought to the laft ex- 
tremity, fhe, vyrithout the leafl fymp* 
torn of fhame, anfwered in the affirr 
raative : for, it is very certain, that 
the failings of raifireiTes divefl their 
fervants of all modefty ; becaufe, fee- 
ing their ladies trip, they think them- 
felve's intitled to halt, without being 
at the trouble to conceal their defe£t. 
Camills^ thus circumflanced, could 
fall upon no other expedient than that 
of cautioning her maid againfl be- 
traying her to the perfon who was her 
gallant, and befeechjiig her to keep 
her own intrigue fecret, that it might 
not fall under the obfervation of An- 
felmoand Lothario. 
< Leonela promifed to be upon her 



« guard, hut managed her afiairs. with 
' 10 little difcretion, that fhe conHrmed 

* Camilla ip the apprehenfion pf IpCng 

* her reputation by the careleffnefs o€ 

* her naaidf for the bold and immodeft 
' Le«nela, feeing'thatt her lady's condu£k 

* was not the fame as formerly, had tha 

* affurance to introduce and conceal her 

* lover in thf houte, confciods, that at- 
' though her miftfefs fhould perceive 
' fhe cmrfl not detect him in that fitur 
' ation. Among other dUad vantages 

* incurred by the (tips of women of fa- 

< fhion, they become daves .to theic 
f own fervants, and find themfelves 

* obliged to connive at their impudence 

* and vice. 

* This was the very cafe of Camilla, 

* who, though fhe niore than once ob<9 

* ferved Leonela engaged with her jgal-r 
' lantf in one of the chambers, far rrom 

* reprimanding her on that (core, (ho 

* gave opportunities of concealing him, 

* and did all fhe could to prevent his 

* being feen by her hufband* But al| 

* their caution could not fcreen him 
' from' the notice of Lothario ^ who, 
^ perceiving him come out of the houfe, 

* one morning at break of day, and not 

* knowing who he was, at firfl miftook 
^ him for a phantom $ but feeing him 

< run away, and fcek to hide himftlf 

* with care and concern, he foon chang- 
' ed that fimple opinion for another 

* which would have ruined them alf, 
' had not Camilla found out an expe- 

* dient to prevent their deftru£lion. He 

* was fo far from thinkings that this 
' man whom he faw coming out of An-/ 
' felmo^s houie,- at fuch an unfeafonablf 

* hour, had gone in on Leonela's ac- 
' count, that he did not even remember 

* there was fuch a perfon in the workl ; 

* on the contrary, he was firmly per- 
' fuaded, that Camilla, who yielded fb 

< eafily to his addreffes, had a£led in thd 

* fame manner to fome other perfon | 

* foi' this additional misfortune attends 
' a loofe woman, that flie lofes her crer 
' dit even with the man by whole im- 

* portunities and intreaties her honpur 

* was fubdued. Nay, he believes liiat 
^ fhe will be more eafiiy won by another 

* ^han by him, and implicitly credits 
' every fufpicion that may ariie from 

* that unjuft inference. On this occa- 
■* fion, Lothario^s good fenfe failed, an4 

• Senfatoy /ecretQt foiri^ujddo, fen»er$ : Scnfible, fesret> fuipaffiogr^dfincevi* 



f ail. Im eandon fee^ied to vVrnifh $ 

f fince, rcgardlcfs of every thnqj that 

< was right or leafonablc, without far- 
<>ther exaimaatioiiy he hied him to An- 

* ^[Amo before he was up, where, im- 
f patient and blind with the jealous fiiry 

< ihat preyed upon hisintrails, andin- 
<.-iUDMd Wh the defire of being re- 
< . vended upon Camilla^ who (lad given 
f him no offimce, he ei^preffed^himieif 

f -dius. 

• << You muft knowk Anielmb, that 
**- fbribmedayftpafty I have had* a con- 
(< tiniial.ftruggle with myfelf, endlea- 
if voiirmg to fupprefs that^ which I 
«f no Joni|gEer either can or ought to con- 
** ceal frofli your knowledge. .Th^ 
•( fortrefsof Camilla is at laft.flirren- 
f < dcred, and fubmitted entirely to the 
f*- dominion of rjy will. This I' have 
<« delayed impak^ting to you, until I 
1« fliQuid be certain whether her com- 
<« pUance was owing to ibme traniient 
f « flafli of aife6iion, or to the dcfure of 
f * trying the fmccrity of thofc addivflfes 
« which, by your own direflionywcre 
f ^ carried on ; and I likewii« condud- 
f< ed, that if fhe was a woman of ho- 
1< noujf and virtue as we both ima^n- 
" cd, (he would ere now have given 
f* you an account of my folicitation. 
f « But finding that ftill undone, I takfe 
f < it for grapted, ihe means to keep her 
f < promife of giying me an interview in 
?♦ the wardrobe, the very next time you 
?< go to the country j (and here it was 
** where Camilla a^ually ufed to cn- 
f< tertain him) but I fhould not wifli 
f< that you would run* precipitately into 
f< any ibheme of vengeance. How- 
f< ever, as the crime is committed in 
f< thoug(it only, before anriopportunity 

• f< oflfers qf performing that promifC, 
<< Camilla may plfange her mind, and 
f « repent of her wcakneftp. Wherefore; 
fc as you have hitherto, in whole or in 
f< part, followed my advice, I hope 
f< you will treafure upand obferve one 
V which I fliall now pfFcr, that you 
** may, withoqt the leaft poi^bility of 
f< being deceived, carefully and cau- 
f< tioufly fatisfy yourfelf, (o as to take 
f < fuch meafiires as your prudence (hall 
f c fuggeft. You may pretend that you 
f < are going, as ufifkal, for two or three 
f days to the country, and in tl^e mean 
f< time conceal yourfelf in the ward- 
<< robe, where you will find tapt^ry 
f' and plenty of other things for the 
<< purpofc^ from thence you^^ with your 

<< own eyes, at I w?th mfne, wjfl ob- 
'< (erve the condu6^ of Camilla, zid 
<< if unhappily you (hould iiad more 
<i caufe to tear than to hope^ you may 
*< ia perfon revenge your ovni wrongs; 
** with ftlence, fafety^ and diicretionr* 
' f Anfelmowfts thunderftrock at thii 

< declaration of Lothario, which came 
f upOYV him when he leaft expected it : 

< for'h^ already looked upon CamiHa 
f as a c<Mn<^uiror in the i(6titiofis affaultl 

* of bis friend I and had aAualfy be- 

* gan to epjoy'tthe-^tory iof her tri- 

* timph. After ' havmg ftood iUent fbf 

* a long time, with hit eye^ fixed upfth 
« the^gitnjnd; •« JLothario," fald Ife^ 
M you have 'a^ked up to the ixpc^ation 
<<. of my friendfhipi I will adhere -to 
i* your advice in every thing ; do what 
<< you pleafe; I hope you will' keep 
<' this un^xpe^ed affair as fecret as the 
M nature of it-requires.** 

* Jiis falfb friend profnifsd to obfen^e 

< the caution ;.'but foon as he quitted 

< the Apartment, repented of every 

< thing he had faid^ reflecting '^ how 

* foolifbty he had prdceeded," and tlrat 
^ he might have punlfhed Camilla by 
^ means lefs cruel and diihonoUrable. 

< He curftd htsown folly, condemned 
f his precipitation, and endeavoured to 

< find out fome expedient to undo what 

< he bad dpne, or at lealt bring it to 
f feme favourable iifue. At length; 

* he refolved to ditclofe the whole to 

< Camilla, as there wanted not oppor- 

* tdnities of being with her alone^ and 
« that very day being together, fhe 

* made ufe of the firtt that happened, 
*■ addreflSng herfelf to him in this man- 

* ner. <* Know, my dear Lothario, 
f* that my heart is ready to burft with 
<^ one affliction, which is (b grievous 
*f that it will be a wonder if I fbrvive 
f.< it : Leonela is arrived to fuch a 
S* pitch of impudence, that every 
** night ihe introduces a gallant intb 
<< the houfe, and remains with him 
*' till morning, very much at the ex- 
*< pence of my reputation, as the field 
*< IS left open for any malicious con- 
<< iiruCtion, upon feeing a roan come 
<< out of my houfe at fuch unfeafonabte 
« hours; and the misfortune is, I d^rt 
*' neither chide nor chaflife her for her 
<< audacity ; for her being privy to our 
<* correfpondence puts a bridle in my 
<< mouth, obliging me to be filent oh 
** the fubjeft of her folly, from which 
<< I fear foiqq mifchance will befitl us/* 

• Wbea 

»93 jao^J* x^rxoTR 

^J^xhaKi^jdmgpAtd it was a«arti6pe to * vecoflnimd anotbec wUdt. ptrhflpft 

4^4/9f^l«^:a]|4> MtrfiMuie bkn that the * flie might Mot^thiaklad&auidi.. Ac^ 

f inaD h<» hod, fe^ii cpmio^ ovt of tbe < c^rdinglyyLodiaaa took his ieare^ and 

houift-hiKlr betii>tihfw.oii L€OB«la>,ac- *. acxt day AnfeloM^ uodar'pilBtBnofrof 

^owM'^y^ bpt, fteinghis. niftreA * eoittg to liis fnndfa coiiatrvviRii^ 

weap, and m the utaioftaffli^itln en- * let oat^ but (ban retumad tahit hKi« 

uesit him- to find out Spmt femedy for ^ ing^plaae ; CamiUi aiid heamaid hHev* 

thif iiio»aveniai|oe» ht im> fi^nivinced ^ mg p]iirpa£ely givon hiai an oppoftn^ 

« aiiar of .arcttinr m uoteu Thore ht 

i^^.^tru^ andcoiwtiad.wilblibaine ^aky 

a»d fiMMKie for wliat he had done; * remained in a ftate of perturbation; 

aewntheicfs^ he; daiirftd Canalla to * Whiok liifty he ettUy cdbceivad to har- 

malit' hecfeif ^y> and pfonired to * raft the- ftacaft df a mmy whai' a ap eJ i eit 

fiaii-«ifv>n ibme -mctfaod *t» cMsh £eo* < to fia with^has ownt eystllid bowehi 

ni!ila^ fnfoknce. - He then; told: her *of faia- hnnoup diiEeaed^j vidfoand 

wWtt inf(igatcd by the la^e of .jna<» *■ <hia)fidfoBLtfas brinks feffingsthatfru^ 

IfMi^y he had ddeldftd to Anfelmo^ ^ pteme.blifa.wk«:fa hothaaybt Uapof- 

who* by hi* appointment wa«» .to ood* * ibflUl in. his. beloved CamiUa^ • 

-owl himftii in- the wardsobe* that bo .. * She. and h^ mad^' bjf" tbie- ti«ie« 

might have an inconfeftible frool^ of * eeiltified of his bain^' Acorv went f^ 

her inidelity ; ha begged pardon for * the wardmbe^ which Camilla na fi»if^ 

hif madnefs, witkadvMehowtck;reme<* ' er enterodl». 'than heoiviDg'a |>rofottnct 

dy ih a^d to extrieate himfelf fit>m * figh^ *• Dear ijeonehr,*' iaid&^i^^jrst' 

tlvr ikabyriiithfin which he .was invoW' ** tfaer than: execute the de£«i) vriiieh I 

edby lus own imprudenoQ. Caflolla *' eoncaal* 4mni yoor fcoo^dfe^ that 

wtta4fiomlhed at the dtfconrfe of Lo* '^ jmu amy not cndeaYoor tsp peevstitrif; 

thatio* v/bam Ikfi ehtd and rejMrirtumd* '* «tonhi it not be better for you. to 

(4 ¥dth great ireafon and nefentment^ ** take tbia poignard of Anlcfano» and 

for the.grjQundlefa fufpicion which had **- pionge it in myxiafettaDace hofimr? 

driven him to fiick a madand mifcitiev^ ^ Yet do not,. JLeoaela ^ fea it vveqs an* 

oua reiolution. But women hanfxng ** Msfiuulble that I fhooki be punillied 

^ottvaUy more- iavca^mai than man ** fbd anodtec^s cnmej* I wanr firft (id^ 

can boad of, either for a good or bad ^' knaap adiaa the daring and tioentfoui 

oecaTioni thoiigh fometimea they fail *' aya»«f Lothanohsvcdifbe^^ied inmy 

in pi?eaEiedttated i«bcmes» Camilla in* ** oondaift, that ihoold enaoorage him 

AantJy thought. of a ciice'iDcthia Iktm^ " to declare a pa^on fo guilty as that 

ingly incurabte dilemma^ and bade 5* which he hathi owned, ro nitucb ^o^niy 

Lothario prevail upon her huiband to ^ di(haeiour and <tbe pi^judioai of hi^ 

conceal htmfelf in the appointed place, ^ friend*. Go'toithat window,^ Leone* 

the very nesit dajj for ihe hoped to " la,. and beofetinto hinr, for doabdeft 

reap fueh ad^anti^e fr«rm ht^ coneeaK ^* ht iavaar^in thvibeer, tjtf^&mg toi 

ment, as that ton the futam^ diey ^ inckxed in his-widaed inttiftion i but 

Ihovld enjoy each. other without. the '^I ^all irft a39eoa«ei mfnev which is 

leaft i^ar or intecrupiton. 3he^ there<> " equaltiiy faonouhtbte and (bvere**— <t 

fore, without difelofing to her lover ** Alat, Madakn t** xirfwared the can- 

the.wbc^e of her plan* defired him to ' nin|^ and we^l-K^Ariided Leoaeia^ 

take care, when AnfeUao was hid, to *^ hov^rdg you intend^ to tife thaic fatal 

come at Lconela's cali, and ^nfwer ^^poignavd^ aie y*^ determined Wi 

every qu^ftion ihe fliould aflc, in the ^ take away your own life, or ttaiat of 

fame manner as he would reply i£ he *' Lothario f by facriftcing eidier the 

did not know that her huihond was ^>< oneor the other, you wi4l entirely 

within hearing. Lothario inilfted upon ^* ruin your own repatatioa. You; 

knowing the particulars of her fobeme, *' diould rather ii^fle your wrongs, than 

that be migltt with moee iccavity and ** give that wicked w«etcfi an oppottu- 

iuccefft perform his cue; but ^amillk ** nity of fiadtng- ut here alone; con^ 

affiired himj^ be had nothing to do but ** fider, JVdadam, that w^ are but weak 

anfwer her qveibons with trudi and M women, and he a determined man^ 

iincenty ^ beiag unwilling to mak^ ^ ^o, blinded by his gnilty pa&n, 

him previoufly acquainted with, her de- '* may by force deprive you of diat 

\ fign, left he ih0uld.diiapp][ov^ of tb^ ** whi^h you yaluje ifk^gp than iifi^» be- 

^ fvc 





** :foit yoQ can .^ecute your purpoft 
f u|)On him. Aplaflpae uponmy ma- 
" tfter Anfelmo, for ulawinff that im- 
f* pildent. fellow to be fo nee in his 
5* noufel befides, Madam, ihould yoti 
9* kill him, as I believe you intend to 
9' do, what (hall we do with him after 
« he is dead ?"— " Nothing, my friend," 
' replied Camilla, << but let Anfelmo 
^ .bury him;; for he ought to take plea- 
'* fure in the ta(k of interring his own 
*' infamy. 60 and Reckon to iiim, I 
** fay, for every moment I delay my 
f* juft revenge Teems to injure afrem 
*' that fidelity which I owe to my 
" hufhand." 

' AH this converfation was overJieard 

* by Anfelmo, whole (entjments were 

* entirely- changed by what Camillafaidj 
' and wnen he underftood that flie in- 
< tended to kill Lothario, he was inclin- 

* ed to come out and difcover himfelf, 

* in order to prevent the deed ) but he 
' was diverted from that reCblution by 
^ the defire of feeing the iifue of his 
' wife^s gallant and virtuous determi* 
' nation J purpofing, however, to ap- 
/ pear, feafonably enough for the fafety 

* of.his friend. 

< About {his time Camilla H^rowinff 

* herfeif upon a couch, was feized with 
' a violent fit, during which Leonela 

* wept bitterly, exclaiming, ** Ah, 
f < woe is me ! muft I then fee, expiring 
** in thefe unfortunate arms, the flower 
** of human virtue, the queen of ex» 
^< cellent wives, the pattern of chafti- 
f* ty V* with other epithets of the fame 

* kmd, which nobody could have heard, 

* without efteeming her the mod faith* 

* ful and affli£led damfel upon earth, 

* and ,her milbefs another perfecuted 

* Penelope. Camilla, having foonre- 
' covered from her fit, faid to her wo- 
' man, *' Why don't you go and call 
f* this the moil faithful friend that ever 
^* was fecn by the day, or flirouded by 
** the. night ? Makehaf^e.j go, run, fly ; 
'' let not. the , fire. of my rage be con- 
<< fumed by your delay, and the juft 
f* vengeance I mean to take evaporate 
V in curfes-and unfub/tantial threats.'* 
•^* I go,*' anfwered Leonela, " but 
5< . you muft firil give me that poignard, 
*'.left, in my abtence, you do a deed 
** to make all thofe who love you weep 
••.to the end of their lives. ^W' Go, 
** dear Leonela/' replied her miftrefs, 
*' and- fear nothing ; ior although, in 
P your opinion, lix\ay beraihandeven 

J** unrealbnable, in thus reibnting the 
** affront upon my honour; I ihall not 
** behave like that Lucretia, who, *tit 
" iaid, killed berfelf, though innocent^ 
** without having firft puniihed the vi).« 

* " lainouf caufe of her misfortune. If 
.« I muft die, I will at leafl fall fully 
*' revenged of him who is the occafion 
** of ray being here, to bewail his au* 
** dacious behaviour, which, I am fure, 
<< proceeded .from no mifcondvft of 
f* mine/* 

* Many intreatiet did At ofe, before 

* Leonela would go and call Lotliarioy 

* but at length (he prevailed } the manl 

* went out to leek biro, and, in herab* 
' fence, Camilla uttered the following 

* fbliloquy. *< Good Heaven ! woulS 
*< it not have been more prndent to diH 
'< mifs Lothario as ufual, than to givt 
** him this occafion of thinking me vi- 
'* cious and imnuxieft, even though that 
'< opinion can only laft until I have an 
« opportunity of undeceiving himF 
'* Yes, certainly $ but I (hall not think 
** myftlfrevenj^^northehonourofmy 
** hufband fufficiently vindicated, if he 
" efcapes fo froooth and clean from this 
** fnare into which his wicked indina* 
** tions have decoyed him . Let the traf • 
** tor pay with bis life, for the enterprise 
'' of his l^civious defire) the world 
' ' (hall know, if even the affair be made 
** publick, that Camilla not only ^^re^- 
** ferved her affe6lion for her hufband 
** inviolate, but alfo took vengeance oft 
" the man who fought to impair it. 
*' Yet, mdthinks, I ought to difcloTe 
** the whole to Anfelmo ; but I have 
** already touched upon the fubjeA, in 
'' the letter I fent to him when he waa 
** in the country ; and his omitting to 
** apply a remedy to the evil I then 
** -hinted at, muft certainly be owing to 
** his own integrity and unfufpefUng 
" heart, which would not fufFer him to 
" believe, that the breaft of fuch a con«- 
<* ftant friend, could harbour one 
** thought to the .prejudice of his ho* 
'' nour } indeed, this was my own opU 
'* nion, until his behaviour became into* 
" lerably licentious, and his prefents^ 
*' promifes, and tears, fully manifefted 
'* nis guilty burpofe. But, wherefore 
** thele.refleaions ? does a eallant re* 
<' folution ftand in need of helitating 
f < advice ? No ! traitor, avaunt 1 hither 
<* vengeance! enter, thou falfe, perfl* 
<< dious wretch, come, quick, be fpeedy^ 
i< 4lit| mid let the confequcnce be what 

Cc • «it 



*< It wUi t Pure and unfpotted I cai^e 
** into the pofleiiioii of him whom Hea- 
^ ven appointed to be my ^u(band and 
*' my lord) and equally pore fhall I 
*' leave his embrace, though bathed in 
** my own chafte blood, and cmbrued 
" in the tainted gore of the faliel^ friend 
** that ever friendibip faw !*' So fay- 

* ing, (he brandifhed the drawn dagger 

* in her hand; and ftalked acrofs the 

* room with Aich difordered fteps and 
' violent geftures, that fhe Teemed to 

* have loft her fenfes, and looked more 

* like a defperate rufRan than a delicate 
« wife. 

* All this tranfport and agitation was 

* perceived, with aftonifhment, by An- 

* felmo, where he ftood concealed be- 

< hind the tapeftry } he thought he had 

* now feen and heard enough to difpdl 

* fufpiciont of a ftronger kind than 

< thoje he entertained ; and even wiftied 

* that the proof might proceed no far- 

* ther, by Lothario^s failing to keep the 

* appointment j for he was afraid that 

* fome fudden unlucky accident might 

* happen. Being therefore, on the point 
' of fliewing himfelf, and running to 
' embrace and undeceive bis wife, he 

* was prevented by iceing Leonela re- 

* turn whh his friend, whom Camrlla 

* nofooner beheld, than drawing a line 
'* before her, with the dagger, (he faid, 
•« Take notice, Lothario, if you at- 
'< tempt to pal's this line, or even ap- 
•« proach it, the moment I perceive your 
•« intention, I will plunge the poig- 
-•« nard in my brcaft. Without ofFer- 
*« ing the lealt reply, therefore, to this 
^' declaration, I defire you will liften 
** to fome queftions I mean to alk, 
** which you may anfwer as you fhall 
" think proper; in the fi^ft place, tell 
<« me, Lothario, if you know my huf- 
'< band Anielnio, and what Nation he 
<< maintains in your opinion ? and then 
« be as explicit in your i^ntiments of 
*' me I anfwer without peturbation or 
«< difficulty, for the queltions lalk are 
•« eafily folved.'* 

* Lothario was not fo ignorant, but 

< that he had conceived her deli gn, from 
« the moment of her defu ing him to ad- 
« vife Anlelmo to conceal hinifelFj and 

< therefore his replies were fo fealbnable, 
^ and correfponded fo exaftly with her 

< aim, that this fiftion had all the air of 
« the moft genuine truth. ** Benu- 
<« teous Camilla," iaid he *' I did not 
«« imagine you baa lent for me^ wuli a 

** view of aiking queftions (o for^gli 
<< to the porpoferor wliich I come; i9F 
** you meant to delay the promifed biifsr, 
** you might have protracted the af-' 
<< fignation to a more diftant term ; fof, 
" the nearer the proipeft of enjoyment 
** is, the moi'e grievous will the difap^ 
'* pointment be: but, that you may 
** have no caufe to complain of my re'- 
" fufing to anfwer your demands, I 
** will own that I know your hufband 
^* Anfelmo, with whom I . have been 
" intimate from our moft tender years. 
** Of the friendftkip (as you know) fub- 
** (ifting between us, I will fay nothing, 
" that I may not bear witnefs to the 
** wrong which love, the powerful ex- 
'< cufe of greater crimes, compels me 
** to commits you too I know, and 
" rate as high as you can poflltbly be in 
** his efteem ; for a prize of lefs value f 
** fliould not have a^edfo unbecoming 
*' my own chara£^er, or tranlgrefled 
•• thofe laws of perfeft fricndihi}^, 
^ which I have broken and violated, at 
** the inftigation of that mtfchievous 
** and irreiiftible power.** 

<< Since thou art felf-convtCted Cq 
** far," replied Camilla, ** thou mor- 
« tal enemy to all that merits love! 
**< with what face dareft thou appear 
** before her who is the mirror that re- 
<* fle6^s hhn, and in which thou oughteft 
** to have feen how little reafon and en- 
« couragement thou had ft to wrong his 
<* honour ; but, unfortunate that I am I 
*' I have found out the caufe that in- 
** duced thee to forget thyfelf fo far } 
" it muft have been fome lightnefs of 
<' carnage in me $ immodefty I will not 
*' call it, becaufe it could not be the 
*' effect of deliberate determination, but 
<* muft have proceeded from a negleft 
** of fome ofthoie forms which women 
'* often inadvertently omit before thofe 
<< whom they think they can entertain 
'* without ceremony. Otherwife, tell 
'* me, traitor, when did I ever anfwer 
** thy addrefles with any virord or fign 
« that could awaken iu thy breaft & 
** leaft glimpfe of hope t6 accomplish 
*' thy infamous aim I Did X not always 
** reje£i and reprove thy amorous ptro- 
** teUations with rigour and feveri- 
<' ty ? and when were thy promiies 
** and prefents believed and accepted? 
*< But, us I think no perfon could long 
'< pi^rievere in fuch a flagitious inten* 
*^< tion, without being fupportcd by 
<^ L^Ji■^■i Ibit of hope, I am willing to 

*• lay 




V lay the blame of your impertinence 
*^ at. my own doqr; fince, without 
*f doubt, fome failure of care in me, 
<* hath enabled you to exert yours Co 
** longs and therefore, I will infli6l 
*^ upon myfelf> the punifliment that. 
** your crime defer ves; but that you 
** may fee, in being thus inhuman to 
" myfelf, it was impoflible for me to 
«* deal mildly by you, I have invited 
•* you hither, to be witnefs of the fa- 
^' crifice I mean to offer to the injured 
** honour of my noble hufband, whom 
•* you have aggrieved to the utmod of 
«* your power, I myfelf being acccflary 
** to the wrong, becaufe I have not in- 
f* duftrioufly enough avoided all occa- 
** fion, if I gave you any, of favour- 
** ing and countenancing your wicked 

V inclinations. I fay, the fufpicion I 

V have, that fome levity of mine en- 
*^ gendered fuch frantick fentiments in 
'• your bofora, gives me the utmoft 
** pain, and prompts me to chaftife my 
*f indHcretion with my own hands, ra- 
** ther than make my fault more pub- 
'* lick, by fubmitting to another ex- 
*^ ecutioner ; but, if I muft perifh, my 
** fall fliall be accompanied >with the 
^* death of him whofe blood will fa- 
** tisfy the vengeance which I already 
<^ in fome meafure enjoy, when I con - 
** fider that, wherefoever I go, I (hall 
«* have before mine eyes, the vi6liin I- 
«* offered to the moft difmtereiled jultice, 
** in puniihing the wretch who hath re- 
** duced me to this defpair.** 

* So faying, ihe afiaulted Lothario 
' with incredible force and agility, ma- 

< nifeAing fuch eagernefs to plunge the 

* poignard in his bread, that he him- 

* felr doubled whether her endeavoura 

* were feigned or real, and was a6^u- 

< ally obliged to exert his whole ftreneth- 

* in defending himfelf from Camilla, 
'. who afled this ftrange impoftuie fo 

< much to the life, that, in order to- 

* give it the greater appearance of truth, 

< ihe refolved to colour it with her own 

* blood } for feeing, or feigning, that (he 
' could not touch Lothario, (he cried,. 
** Though fate denies me the full fa- 
«* tisfa6lion of my jult defire, it cannot 
** rob me of one part of my revenge.*' 

* With thefe words, ftruggling to dif- 
'. engage her dagger-hand, which was 

* held by Lothario, (heat laft fucceed- 
' ed, and dire6ling her poignard to a 
« part of her body, whicn (he thought 

< |lie might (lightly wound without dan- 

ger, ihe iheathed it between her IbouN 
der and left bread, and fell upon the> 
floor as in a fwoon. 

* Leohela and Lothario were afto*' 
iloniihed and confounded at this* 
event, and (lill dubious whether or 
not Camilla was in earned, when they- 
faw her dretched upon the ground, » 
and bathed in her own blood. Lo« 
thario ran, in the utmod fright and* 
confternation, to draw forth the dag-' 
g;er$ but perceiving what a fuperd* 
cial wound (he had made, he recovered 
of the terr6T which had began to feize 
him, and could not help admiring a* 
new, the uncommon iagacity, pru- 
dence, s^nd difcretion, of the beautiful- 
Camilla 5 that he might therefore pro- 
ceed in the part he had to a6l, he bc" 
gan to make a longand foiTowfulla-' 
mentation over the bo^y, as if (he had' 
been really dead, imprecating a thov- 
fand curfes, not only upon himfelf,* 
but alio upon him who was the orL-* 
ginal caufe of ibis difa(leri and as he* 
knew that Anfelmo was lidening, faid* 
fuch melancholy things, that whofo-' 
ever had. heard him, would have pi -• 
tied his cafe as much as th^t of Ca-- 
milhi, though . they had believed her 

'. aftually dead. 

* Leonela lifted her up, and laying- 
her on the bed, earneftly intreated 
Lothario to fjnd fome perfon who 
would cure her privately j and begged' 
he would advife her, with regard to* 
what (he ihould tell Anfelnio, about 
her lady's wound, in cafe he (hould 
return before (he was cured 5 he faid' 
(he might tell him what (he plcafed, 
for he was then in no condition to 
give any profitable advice about th© 
matter, he only dtfiied her to fall- 
upon fome method of daunching th& 
blood, and (ieclared that fur his own 
part he would go where man ihould 
never fee him. He accordingly de* 
parted with the appearance of infinite 
grief and anxiety, ^nd when he found* 
himfelf alone, in a private place, 
crofTed himfelf- with amazement at the- 
invention of Camilla, and the artful 
behaviour of her maid. He could eafily* 
conceive that Anfelmo was by this 
time thoroughly convinced of his hav- 
ing a fecond Portia for his wifej and 
was impatient to fee him, that they 
might together extol her behaviour,- 
which, though impofture, had more 
appearance' of truth than any thing 

Cc a * ^ 


DOK Q^iiOTft. 

« df t\ui tm€ kind thtt had eiifer been' 
r praftifed. 

' Leonela, as (|ie was defired, ftopped' 

* her lidy*8 blood, of which there was 

* juft enough to give credit to her ar- 

* tifice{ and wafhing the wound with a^ 

* little wine, bound it up as well as (ht 

* couldy uttering fuch forrowful expref- 

* fions all the time, as would have been' 
' fuificienty without any previous la- 
^ mentationi to periuade Anfelmo ch^t' 

* his wife was' the mirror of chaftity. 

< I>onela'*s c<Hnplaints wens joined by' 

* thofe of her miftrefs, who tajced her- 

* felf with cowardice and pufiilani- 

* mity ^ in having loft the beft opporturii - ' 

* ty me flioafd ever have of parting with.' 

* that life which llie abhorred .^ She' 

* confolted hir maid about difelofirig 

* the whole affkir tb her beloved fpoufe i 
*' but this (cheme Leonela oppofed, ob* 
' (krV\xtgth9X it would lay her mafter un- 

* der an obligation of taking vengeance 
' on Lotharios a fatisfaftion he could' 

* not enjoy without expofmg himfelf 
' to great danger; and that a virtuous' 

* woman, far from feeking^ to involve' 
^ herhulband in quarrels, was in duty 
' bound to keep him free of all fucn 

* diiputes, by every method in her 

* power. CaiTiilla (eemed to approve' 
' of Her nlaid'sphidence, and promif- 

< ed to follow her advice; but faid it 

* would be neceiTary at all events to 
<' invent fome excufe to Anfelmo about 

< the wound, which iie could not fail* 

* of obfbrving. Leonela afluring her, 

* that (he could never tell a lye even in' 
«^ jeft, the rtiftrefs replied, " What* 
« ihall I dd then, child ? for I would 
*' not attempt to frame and maintain' 
** a falflioodi even though my life de-' 
** pended upon it ; (ince, therefore^ we' 
** know not how to extricate ourfelves' 
** otherwife wfe muft e*en difeover the' 
*^ naked truth, rather than run the riik' 
<«^of being deteaed in a lye.*'— «• Don't' 
^ give yourft If any farther uneiifinefs/ 
«* Madam,'* faid Leonela, <* by to-mor- 
<< row morning I (hall have found fome' 
<< expedient; perhaps the wound being' 
*^ where, it is, may be concealed from' 
** hsf vieW| and Heaven vouchfafe to 
<< favour our upright and honourable' 
** intention. Compofe yourfelf, dear' 
^ Madam, endeavour to calm the per 
** turbation of your fpirits, that my 
** mafter may not perceive your di(br- 
<* der, and leave the confequenc^ to my' 

<^iY an^'that ofI&ii««r;^lndi n^' 
fails* to favour tberig{rt4c^s^^fign.** 
'' Ahfelmo liffoied v«nth the uifmbft' 
attention'to this traeedyof the deitfa^ 
of his honour, which wa^ reprefi^ftfed^ 
with fuch exqxiKiit and'fbrprnzmj^'afdi 
dred, thdt the aAors feented rektlY* 
tratYsfornied' into the very drar&tiSW 
they ffe^^nedj' he' longed inrpatiefrtlv 
for night, and an opportunity' oT 
efcaping unfeen, that he might ny to 
his worthy friend Lothario; atod* re- 
ceive his congratulation upbnthe'pre- 
cious jewel he had found in this vin- 
dication df his wife's virtiie; tHeg* 
took care to furnifh him with the ck:- 
cafion he wanted ; and hi, vHthbuf 
letting it flip, ran immediately in' 
qUeft of Lothario; It would be diffi- 
cult to defcribe the* eagerneffs of his 
embraces at meeting, or to recount the 
expreflions heufedm the overflowing^* 
or his fatisfaaion, and theextrava^ 
gant praifes he beftowed on CarnrAllal 
All thefe Lothario heard^ whhbat 
being able to manifeft the leaft figns* 
of joy; his reflexions taxed him with' 
the deceit he had praali'ed, and the 
injury he had done his unfurfpeftlng 
friend. Ahfelmo took noti6e'that'he' 
did not feerntdpaiticipate in bis^lea^ 
fure, but' believed his concern p^. 
ceeded frorfi the thoughts* of having' 
been theoccaiRon of Cam illaV wound j 
he therefore, among other things, told 
him to make himfelf eafy on that 
fcore, for the hurt muft certainly have 
been very flight, as they had agreed 
to conceal it from his knowledge; 
and iince there was no bad con(e- 

?|uence to be' apprehended, hehopiied' 
or the future to enjoy, in mirth 'aiid' 
good humour, the friendihip of his' 
dear Lothario, by whofe induftry aftd[l 
mediation he now faw himfelf raif^d 
to the moft fuhlime pitch of' human 
felicity ; at the fame time he (ignifiedy 
that his defire atid defign was to pur- 
Aie no other amufement than that of 
compofing verfes in pnifi: of Camilla, 
that fliould traniVnit to lateft pofterity 
the remembrance of her worth. 
* Lothario commended his latidahle 
determination, and promifed to con- 
tribute all that lay in his power to- 
wards the rearing of fuch an illuftrin 
oiis edifice, fo that Anfefmo being' 
the moft agreeably deceived of any 
man that ever lived, led by the l^rid' 

• tq 

T>6^ <^i':feTB.' iof. 

•'tolns'owiihoufe, ttie very mart) who,' * not cut open one'^pf tlie^ Ikins filfc<f 

*'^ thtm^'m his ppinion the inftrument * with red wine/ that flood at his bed* s' 

'or his glory', was the total perdition ^ head» and the wine that ran out is* 

'of his' fame. Canriila received hitti^ * miftaken by this fim|4e feDow fbi* 

• with a couhtchance ebcpreifling relent-' *' blood T 

* ment, but a foul brimfnil of joy ^ and* So faying, heVuifccd'into the apaft- 


''artfully concealed, w2is difcdvered, hind, by fix inches at leaft, an4 dif-' 
^^and Anfeimd's Impeitinent Curioiity'* played a pair of long lank legs, im-' 

' c^ him his life/ browned with hair, attd not extremely^ 

clean ; his head was covered with a lit-' 

tie, red, grealy night-cap, belonging to^ 

CHAP. VIIL [ the landlord; round' his left arm hiB^ 

h^d wrappied the blanket of his bed, to* 

THB CONCLUSION OP THE IMPEH- Which Sancho, for good reafons knd#n* 

TINENT CURIOSITY^, to himfelf, bore an inveterate grudge j* 

[ and' in his right, he wielded his drawn 

A Little more of this novel remaified' fWord, with which he laid about him "at* 

to be read, when Sahcho came^ afuriousrate, talking as if he' waia6lu- 

riinning in great confufion, from the* ally at blows with the giant 5 but, what 

l^rret where his mafter Don Quixote' was very furpriting, his eyes were fliut' 

Uy, bawling aloud, * Come hitb^, all the time, and he was faft afleep,* 

' gentlemen * make'' hafte to the aflift- dreaming of this encounter ; for his 

^ aiice of my mafter, who is this preci-^ imagination was fo much engroiled by* 

^ ous minute engaged and grappled in' the adventure he had undertaken to at-' 

' the tougheft battle that ever myeyes^ chi^ve, as'to makehim dream that he 

< beheld! Egad, he has given that Was already arrived in the kingdom of 
' fame piant, the enemy of my Lady^ Micomicon, and engaged in finglecom- 

* the pnncefs of Micomicona,^ fiich a' Hat with his gigantick adverfary ; in- 

< back-ilroke, as hath iliced off his ftead of whdm, he hacked the wine- 
' head as fmooth and clean as the fkin bags fo furioufly, that the whole room 

* of a turnip.'— • What do you mean, was afloat vt^th their content^. 

* brother ?' faid the curate^ clofing the The innkeeper no fooner jperceived 
book 5 * are you in yoor right wits,, this havock, than incenfed to the laft' 
^ Sancho? How the devil can yout nfia- degree, he alfaulted Don Quixote with 
^ iter be fighting with a giant who is his clenched fifts, and began to pum- 

* two thoufand leagues from hence ?' mel him fo feverely, that if the curate 
That inf(ant they heard a great npife and Cardenio had not interpofed, he* 

in the apartment, and Don Quixote pro- would foon have put an end to the ad- 

nounced aloud, < Stay, villain! robber! venture of the giant 5 yet, for all that, 

* caitiff! here I have thee, and thy fey- the poor knieht did not awake until 

* mitar (hall not avail.' Then he be-> the barber, fetching a kettle of cold' 
gan toUrikefuriouflyat the^wallsj and water flom the well, foufed him all' 
Sancho exclaimed, < Don^t f^and here over ; even then, though fleep forfook 

* liflening, but go in ancf part the fray, him, he did not recollect the fituation 

* or lend your aflifiance to my mafter, he was in 5 and Dorothea, feeing him' 
f though I believe that will be neediefs Co (light and airily equipped, did not 

* by this time, for the giant iff certainly chufe to be a fpe6lator of the combat* 
f dead, and giving an account to Go^ between her adverfary- and^proteftor. 
f of his wicked and mifpent life : nay. Meanwhile, Sancho went about the 
f I faw, with my own eyes, his blood room, prying into every corner, and' 
f running about the flodr, and his head fearching for the giant's head ; which' 
' cut off, lying on one fide, as a large when l^e could not find, ' I know,' 
f wine ba^.'-^< May I be hanged,' faid he, * that every thing goes by in- 
fried the innkeeper at thefe words, * if * chahtment in this houiis ^ the lafl 
f this pod O^ii^ote, 9r J^n Peyili h^9 * t^V^c I w^s in this yery fpot, I re- 

i i 9eive4 


DON oyixoTi- 

* cenred s great many thwacks and 
' tht^mpf without feeing a foul, or be- 

* ing able to guefs from whence they 

< came i and now this head is vani(hed» 
^ though I fgw it cut off with mine 

* fiwn eyesy and the blood fpout out 

* of the body, like water frond a 

< fountiin/<^< Whatl do'ft thou talk 
^ of blood and fountains^ thou enemy 

* of God and his faints!* cried the 
innkeeper^ * don^t you fee, rafcal, that 
*. there is no blood or fountain, but the 

* (kins that are pierced, and the red 
' wine that fwims about the room ? I 

* hope the foul of him who pierced, 
« them, will fwim in hell !'— * I know 

* nothing of the matter,* replied San- 
cho ; * but that, on account of my not 

* liadini; the head» I iliall fee my earl- 

* domdiiTolve like fait in water.* 
Thus the f<|uire, though awake, was 

more extravagant than Jpton Quixote in 
his dream } fuch an impreflion had his 
iiiafter> promifes made upon his imagi • 
iiation. The phlegmatick temper of 
t)ie fquirt, together with the mifcbievous 
difpoiition of the' knight, well-nigh 
diftra^ied the landlord, who fwore, that 
they i)iould not now, as formerly, go 
away withoift paying; and that all the 
privilege of their errantry ihould not 
exempt them from paying both reckon- 
ings to the laA farthing, for the damage 
thfy had done, even to the bits of leather 
for patching the wine-ikins that were 
cut. The curate, by this time, had 
got hold of the hands of I>Qn Quixote, 
who, believing he had now finished the 
adventure, and was in prefeuc^ of the 
Frincefs Micomicona, fell upoi> his. 
knees before the priett, faying, * Re- 

< nowned princefs, your hiel^nefs may 

* henceforth live fecure of what that 

* misbegotten wretch can do^ and I, 
^ from this day forward, am acquitted 

* of my promife, which is now, by the 

< afliftance of Heaven above, and the 

* favour of her for whom I live and 

* breathe, happily a^id fully perform- 
« ed.'*?-* Did not t tell you k) V cried 
Sancho, hearing thefe words. < You 

< fee I am not drunk, and may take 

< notice that my mailer hath put the 

< giant in pickle : the holidays will cer- 

< tainly come round, and the earldom 

< fit me to a hair.* 

Who could refrain from laughing at 
the follies of ^e mafter and man ? they 
occafioned abundance of mirth to every 
c|»e prf(en,t| except the ia^dlord^ vrhQ 

curfed himielf to die devih At lenelh- 
the barber, curate, and CardeiiiQ, wjtb 
no {mall difficulty, put the knight to 
bed again, where he fell faft afleq^ ia 
an inftant, like one who had been ex-. 
ceffively fatigued} they left him to his^ 
repofe, and went out to cpnfole Sanely 
for his difappointment in loiing the 
giant*8 head $ but they found it a harder 
tafk to paci^ the innkeeper, who wa«. 
driven almoft todefpahr, by the fudden 
death of his wine-ba^s^ beGdes, the 
landlady began to cry, m a whimpering 
tone, < In an unlucky minute and eanl 

* hour did this knight-errapt enter my 

* doors ? for I am fure, I never beheld 

* him without pacing dear^ for the 
' figbt ! The laft time he was here, he 
' refufed to defray a whole night*s ex-< 

* pence of fupper, lodging, ftraw, and 

* barley,' for himfelf and his fquire, 
'« liis hoi fe and his afs ; iaying that he 

* was a knight-errant, foifooth : (God 

* fend him and all other knights-errant 
f upon errands that will tend to their 
^ forrow i ) and therefore, was not oblig- 
*^ ed to pay for any thing, becaufe it, 
< was not ordained in the regifters of 

* chivalry; I then, this gentleman com- 

* ing after him t*other day, borrowed 
' my tail, and though I have got it 

* again, it is a good penny the worfc 

* for the wearing, the hair being pluck- 
' ed off in fuch a manner as makes it 

* unfit for my huiband^s purpofej and 

* to fini(h and concJiude the whole,, my. 
' bags are broke, and my v»ine fpilt ; 
' (would I could fee his heart*s biood 
' in the fame condition!) but he muil 

* not think to get off fo cafily, for by, 

* the bones of my father, and my mo- . 

* ther's foul! they (hall pay for every 

* thing upon the nail j or, may I never 

* be called by my own name again^ or 

* believed to be my father's own child !' 
Thefe, and other exprefidons of the 

fame kind, were utteit:d, with great 
bitternefs., by the landlady* and her 
faithful fervant Maritornes joined in the 
exclamation ; while the daughter held 
I^er peace^ and, from time to time,^ 
fmiled at their indignation, which at 
laft was appeafed by the curate, who 
prpmifcd to give them fatisfa£lion, ta 
the beft of his power, for the lofs they 
had fuftained in bags and wine, and, 
in particular, for the damage done to 
the tail, which they valued fo highly j 
and Dorothea comforted Sancho, by 
telling him* that as fooo a$ ^ve^ it (hould 


a 05 

•ppear that hit mafter had a^iially cut 
oflF the giant*t head, and fhe (hould 
find herfelf in quiet pofleffion of her 
kingdom^ fhe would beftow upon him 
the beft earldom in her gift. The 
iquire was confoled by this promife 
and aflured the piinceis, that he was 
certain he had feen the eiant^s head, by 
the fame token , that he had a huge 
beard that flowed down to his middle $ 
and that the whole was now vaniihed, 
foecaufe every thing in that houfe was 
performed by inchantment, as he had 
round by woeful experience, the laft 
time he had lodged in that apartment. 
Dorothea faid (he was of the fame opi- 
nion, defirtn^ he would give himfelf nO 
uneafinefs, for every thing would be 
for the beft, and fucceed to his hearths 
content. . The quiet of the houfe being 
thus re-eftabliihed, the curate wanted to 
read the remaining part of the novel, 
which he perceived already drew near 
a elofe { and Cardenio, Dorothea, and 
the reft, intreating him to finifti the fto- 
ly, he, with a view of pleaiing them as 
«vell as himfelf, proceeded in thefe 

' An(eImo being nowfatUfied of his 
wife^s virtue, enjoyed himfeif with- 
out the leaft difturbanceor care ; while 
Camilh, in order to difguife her real 
fentiments, afte£led always to frown 
upon Lothario; who, as a farther fanc- 
tion to this ftratagem, defired Anfelmo 
toexcule him from coming to his houfe, 
fince it was plain that Camilla was dif- 
gufted at his prefence: but the infa- 
tuated Anfelmo would by no means 
comply with this queft ; fo that this 
unhappy huiband was, in a thoufai^ 
fliapes, the author of his own difhon- 
our, while, in his own opinion, he was 
laying up a ftore of happinefs and re- 

* About this time Leonela^s deiire of 
grati fyine her own loofe wiihes,carried 
her to fucn a pitch of imprudence, that 
ihe gave her wantonnefs the rein with- 
out the leaii caution; confcious that her 
miftrefs would conceal her conduct, 
and even advife her how to carry on 
the intrigue without the leaft danger 
of being detefked. At length, how- 
ever, Anfelmo, one night heard fome- 
body walking in her apartment, and 
endeavouring to get in and fee who it 
was, found the door Ihut againft him. 
This circumfts^nce increafed his defire, 
5 he made a violt^t effo|t| and the 

door flew open, upon which he en- 
tered, and feeing a man leap out of 
the window into the ftreet, ran haftily 
to lay hold or get fight of him ; but 
he was difappointed in both by Leo* 
nela, who hanging upoh her mafter, 
cried, *< Hold, dear Sir ! be not for* 

* priaed, nor feek to purfue the perfon 

< who is fled ;< he was here on my ac- 

* count, and is as good as my wedded 
« huft)and." 

* Anfelmo would give no credit ta 
her words, but, blinded with paflion, 
drew his poignard to ftab Leonela, 
whom he commanded to reveal the 
truth on pain of immediate death. 
She, terrined by his threats, anfwer- 
ed, without knowing what fhe faid, 

' Spare my life, good Sir, and I will 

< difclofe things of greater importance 

< than you imagine.'*— •*< Speak, then,^ 
cried Anfelmo, *< or thou fhalt in* 

« ftantly die."—" At prefent," replied 
Leonela, *< I am in fuch perturbation, 

< that I cannot pofRbly make a diftinft 

< confefHon; delay your vengeance 

* till to-morrow morning, and then 

* you fhall hear fomething that will 

* ftrike you with aftonifhment: mean- 

< while, be affured, that he who leaped. 

* out of the window, is a young man 

< of this city, who has given me a 
' promife of marriage.** 

* Anfelmo being fomewhat pacified 
by this declaration, refolved to grant 
the refpite fhe demanded ; though he. 
never dreamed of hearing any thing 
to the pi;ejudice of Camilla, of whole 
virtue he was fatisfied and iecure; 
he therefore quitted the room, in 
which however he locked up Leonda, 
telling her fhe muft continue in that 
place, until fhe fhould have made this 
promifed difcovery; then going to 
Camilla, informed her of everv tning 
that had pafTed, together with the 
pi-omife her maid had made of difco- 
vering things of great importance. 
It is almoft needlefs to fay that Ca- 
milla was difturbcd at this informa- 
tion ; the terror that took poffeflion 
of her was fuch, that believing, with 
good reafon too, Leonela would ac- 
tually difclofe to Anfelmo every cir* 
cumftance of her infidelity, fhe had 
not refolution enough to wait the ifliie 
of her fufpicion ; but that very night, 
while her hufband was afleep, collec- 
ted the beft of her jewels, with fome 

* moAey, and getting out of the houfe, 

< without. 



without being |»erceiTed« tmd to Lo« 
tharioy and recounted what had hap- 
pened, at the fame time beftechiAg 
him to put her in a place of fafety, or 
accompany her to fome retreat^ phere 
they mould be fecure from theiearch 
of Anfdmo. 

* Such was the confudon of Lotha* 
rio, at the news of this unexpe£ked 
event, .that. he could not anfwer one 
fyllable, nor for fome time ccfolve 
upon what was to be done. At length 
he propofed to carry Camilla to a mo- 
naAry, the abbefs of which ^as his 
firft coufin I and his miftrefs confent- 
inff to the propofal, he condufied her 
thither with all the difpatch which the 
nature of the cafe required, and leav- 
ing her to the care of hit relation, 
quitted the city that very night, with- 
out imparting the caufe of his abfence 
to any living foul. 

' Next Qoorning, foon as it was day^ 
Anfelmo, without perceiving that Ca- 
milla was gone, fo eagerly did he 
long to hear this confeflion of her 
maid, arpfe and went diredly to the 
room in which he had coniiDed her ; 
but he no fooner opened the door, 
and entered the apartment, than he 
perceived the iheets of the bed tied to- 
gether, hanging out at the window | 
a manifeft proof that Leonela had 
lowered herfelf.down into the ftreet, 
by means of that contrivance : he then 
returned, with a good deal of chagrin, 
to conununicate his difappointment to 
Camilla, whom when he could not 
£nd, he was fe'<zed with the utmoft 
confteraation, efpecially as none of 
the fervants could give the leaft ac- 
count, of her departure; but chanc- 
ing in the courle of his enquiry, to 
find the coffers open, and the beft part 
of her jewels carried off, he begaa to 
comprehend his difgrace; and con- 
cluded that Leonela was not the caufe 
of his misfortune. 

* Difpirited with this refle6lion, he 
did not ftay to drefs, but went in a 
moft difconfoiate fituation, to give an 
account of bis miQiap .to his friend 
.Lothario $ . and when he uiulerftood 
from bis Decvants, that their mafter 
had gone out in the night, and car- 
ried all his ready- money along with 
him, he. had well -nigh loft bis fenfes. 
To crown his mtfery, he rettimed to 
his own houfe, which was deferted 
by aJIhii feivaQl>i and found himfelf 

the moft rolital7 being iil nature^ kt 
knew not what to think, fay, or doy 
and.his judgnient besan to he im* 
paired $ tor, upon cecollefiiQttybeper* 
ceived thft he was in an inftant de- 
prived of wife, friend, and (enmotst 
renounced by Heaven, and, what 
he felt more deeply than. any other 
part of his diiafter, deftituteof ho- 
nour, by the mifcondui^ of. Camilla, 
from which he dated his utter xle- 
.f(ru6lion. At length, after a long 
internal ftruggle, he refolvod to ga to 
the country- houfe of his friend, where 
he bad been, when he fumifhed the 
opportunity of planning his own ruin. 
Accordingly, having, locked his door, 
he mounted his horfe, and .almoft 
fainting under the burden of his woes, 
fet ouf for that place ; but fcarcehad 
he. travelled one half of the way, when 
harraffed by his, (hocking reflexions, 
he was obliged to alight and tie his 
horfe to a t{ee, at the root of which 
he threw himfelf down, giving vent 
to. the moft lamentable fighs that, ever 
,were. heaved : vthere he remained till 
the twilight; about which time, 
perceiving a .man coming on horfe- 
back. from. the city, after falutation, 
he a(ked what news were flirringat 

at Florence. '" Thc.ftrangefH" «'^ 
plied. the citizen, ^* that kuve been 
' heard tbefe niany days ; it is pub- 

* lickly reported, that Lothario, the 

< intimate friend of Anfelmo the. rich, 

< who lived at St. John^s, hath this 
<.lait night carried, off 'the wife of 

* his .friend, who is alfo miffing. 
' This difcovery was made to the go- 

*^s maid, who was 

* dete6led in. letting herfelf down by a 
' iheet, from one of the windows of 
' Anfelroo's houfe. In fhort, 1 do not 
' know the particulars exa^y{ but 

* tlie whole city is aftbntfhed at this 

* event, which they could never have 

< expe^ed from the intimacy of the 
' two gentlemen, who were lb ftri£kly 
' united in the bands of amity, aa to 

< acquire tlie title of the Two Friends.** 
— T** Do you know what road Lothario 

< and Camilla. have. taken?'* faidAn- 
fel mo. < < That is not yet difcovered,*' 
replied the travellers .<* though the go- 

* vcrnor hath ufed great diligence in 

* the enquiry.'* Anlelmo wtflled him 
a good evening} and the citizen hav- 
ing returned the complioientyprocead- 

. jed jan. his journey. 

< Theft 

toON QjriXOTB# 


* Thefe unhappy, ftews reduced this 
ill- fated hufband tb the verge of 
death as well as diftraftion. He 
mounted^ however, as well as he 
could, and arrived at the houfe of his 
friend, who had not as yet heard of 
his misfortUhe; but feeing him fo ex- 
hauffced, ghaAly,and pale, imagined he 
had met with fome grievous difafter. 
Anfelmo begged to be put to bed im- 
mediately, and furnifhed with pen, 
ink, and paper: thus provided, hfe 
was left alone, and the chahiber lock- 
ed at his own defire ; then the remem- 
brance of his misfortune began to be 
fo heavy upon his foul, that the plain- 
ly perceived his end approaching, and 
being defiroiis of declaring the caufo 
of his ftrange and fudden death, he 
took up the pen ; but, before he could 
execute his deftgn, his. breath failed 
him, and he expired, a victim to that 
forrow which was occaiioned by his 
own impertinent curiofity. His friend 
finding it grow late, and that Anfel- 
mo had not called, w&nt into \\\i 
chamber, to enquire about his health; 
there he found hini lying upon his 
face, one half of his body in bed, 
and the other on the table, with a peii 
in his hand, and a>»ritten paper lying 
open before him. 

* The gentleman having fpoke to 
him without receiving any anfwer, 
took him by the hand, and feeling 
him cold and ftifF, concluded he was 
dead. Surprized and con'cerned to 
the laft degree, he called up his fa- 
mily to be witncHes of this melan- 
choly event, and knowing the paper 
to be Anfclmo's own hand- writing, 
read the contents, in thefe woixis : 

I am deprived of Ufe by my own im- 
pertinent curiofity. If the news of 
my death reach Cnmilla*s ears, let 
her know that I forgive her infide- 
lity ; for fhe was riot bound to per- 
form miracles, nor I under any ne- 
ceflity of expefting them at her 
hands : fmce, therefore, I have bee^ 
the contriver of my own difhonour, 
there is no reafon that ? ' "*" So far he 
had written, bat life had forfakeri 
him, before he could finiOi the feir- 
tence. Next day his friend fent an 
account of his death to his parents, 
who were already informed of his 
mifchance, as aifo of the convent to 
which Camilla had retreated ; and 
wheie Aie nfow Ity ^t the point of ac*. 

company ing her fpoufe in his laft in- 
difpenfible journey) not fo much on 
account of Anfelmo's death, as in 
confequence of the information ihe 
received concerning her abfent lover ; 
it was faid, that though (he was now 
a widow, fhe would neither quit the 
consent nor tdke the veil ; but, in a 
little time the new§ arrived of Lo~ 
thario'S being killed in a battle vvhich 
was fought between the renowned 
Captain Gongalo Fernandes de Cor-i 
dova, and Moniieur DeLautrec, iii 
the kingdom of Naples, whither this 
too-late repenting friend had made his 
retreat. This event was no foonef 
known, than Camilla profeiTed her- 
felf niin, and in a few days yielded up 
her life a prey to grief and melan* 
choly. Sdch was the untimely end. 
to which they were all brought from ^ 
beginning of whim and indifcretion.* 

* This ilovel,' faid the curate, « is 
not amifsj but I cannot think the 
ftory is true $ and if it be feigned, the 
author has erred in. point of inven- 
tion; for it cannot be fuppofed that 
any hufband would be fa mad as to 
try this dangerous experiment of An- 
felmo ; had it bttn related of a gal- 
lant and his miftrefs, it might have 
paffed ; but with regard to a hufband 
and his wife, it is altogether impro- 
bable ; however, the manner of nar* 
rating it is not difagreeable.^ 

C I* A P. ix. 


AT thsCtinftaiit the landlord, (land- 
ing at the inn -door, exclaimed. 
There is a noble company : odd! if 
they halt here, we (hall fing for joy.' 
-i-* What company?* faid Cardenio. 
* Four men,' replied the inn- keeper, 
who ride with mort (lirrups, each ot 
thefti equipped with lance, target, and 
mafk, with a lady on a fide-faddle^ 
dreffed in white and veiled, and two 
attendants on foot.' When the pried 
afkcd if they were near, he anfwered^ 
So near, that they are already at the 

Dorothea hearing this information, 
put on her veil, and Cardenio withdrevv 

D d int« 



into Don Qiji^^ott^s apartment. Imme- 
diately the whole company announc- 
ed by the landlord, entered the imi'% 
yard} and the four horfenien, who 
were perfons of genteel mien and car- 
riage, infiantly alighting) went to help 
the lady from her horfe, when one ot 
tliem taking her in his arms, placed her 
in a chair that ftood by tlie door of the 
room in which Cardenio had concealed 
himfelf. All thi» time neither ihe nor 
^ey took off their ipaiks* nor uttered 
one fyilable j but when (he was feared, 
ihe heaved a profound iieh, and let her 
arms fall down on each ude, like a per* 
ion fainting with wcaknefs. While 
the footman led the horfes into th« 
ilable^ the curate being curious to know 
who thofe perfons were^ ib remarkable 
i|i their filcnce and drefs, went up and 
put the queftion to one of the lacquiesi 
who auiwered, * TTruly, Signior, we 
are as ignorant in that particular as 
you are; thoi\gh they leem to be 
people of condition, efpecially he who 
took the lady in his arms, becaufe 
all the reft behave to him with great 
refpe6^, followirig his dire5lion& in 
every thing, with the utmoft pun51u- 
ality.'— * And, pray, who may the 
lady be, faid the prieft ?*— * We know 
as little of her as of the men^^ replied 
the lacq.ucyj * for during the journey 
I have, never once beheld her face ; I 
have often h«;ard her figh bitterly, 
and utter piercing groans, in every 
one of which (he feemed to yield her 
very foul I but it is not to be wonder- 
ed at that we ftiould know fo little of 
their affairs, my companion and I 
having attended them two days onlyj 
for, meeting us on the road, they in- 
treated and perfuaded us to accompa- 
ny them as far as AndalooTia, pro- 
mifing to pay us handfomely for our 
troubJe/ — * Have you never heard 
one of them named?" refumed the cu- 
rate. * Never once,' anfwered.the young 
manj * they travel with furprizing 
filence; nothing is heard but the fobs 
and iighs of the poor lady, which 
move us to cnmpaflionf we firmly be- 
lieve that fhe is forced upon tj^ls jour- 
ney, and gather from her drefs tliat 
Ihe is a nun ^ or, which is more pro* 
bv^\z, goin^ to take the veil $. and 
^ndling herlelf vfiy little inclined ta 
that way of life, is melancholy at the 
The curate faid, nothing was mor^ 

probable; and leavldg the lackey-, ier* 
turned to Dorothea,^ who by this tiiQ^ 
out of natural fyropathy with the zfEUc^ 
tion of the malked lady, bad approach* 
ed and accofled her in thefe words < 
What is the matter with ypu, dear 
Madam?' If you labour under any 
indifpofition which the pra6lice and 
experience of women can relieve, my 
afliftance is heartily at your Teryice/ 
To this kind offer no reply was mad« 
by the iorrowful lady, who, notwith-* 
iVamding the other^s repeated intreattcs^ 
would not open her mouth; until tha 
perfon who by the lacquey^s informa<« 
tion was chief of the company, ad* 
dreililig himfelf to Dorothea, faid, * X>a 

* not fatigue, yourfelf. Madam, in 

* making proffers of fervice to that w^* 

* man, who cannot be grateful for any 

* favour file receives, nor importune her 

* for any reply, unlefs you defire t* 

* hear fome ialfhoods proceed from her 

* lips/ — < My lips,' laid the hitherto 
filent lady, * were never profaned with 

* falfliood; on the contrary, my pre« 
< fent misfoitune is owing to my fin^^ 

* cerity and my abhorrence of Iyer* 

* Of thi» affertion you yourfelf are too 
' ien£bie ; ftnce your own perfidy and 

* falfhood are the ef{e6Vs of my con^n« 
' cy and truth.' 

Theie^ words were diflin^lly oter^ 
heard by Cardenio, who was only fe* 
parated from them by the door of Don 
Quiatote's chamber; and they no fooner 
reached his ears, than he cried aloud^ 

* Good- Htaven, what do I bear I 

* What voice is that which ftrucla 

* my iieaife !' The lady being exceed"* 
ingly i'urprized at that exclamation^ 
turned about her head, and not feeing 
the peribn that pronounced it, flarted 
up, and ran towrards the apartment from 
wh^jice it leemed to come; but wa» 
prevented by her conductor, who would 
not fuifcr her to move one flep far- 
ther. In the diforder. occafioned by 
her flrugglc, her mafk dropped ofiV 
and difcovered a countenance of incom* 
parable and amazing beauty, even 
though difguifed with palenefs and bbr- 
rpr ; .for her eyes rolled about to every 
comer which her fight could reach, with 
fueh eaj^ernefs and wildnefs, that ihe 
looked like a woman poffefled. 

DpFOthea, and all prefent^ were- in - 
finitely concerned atthefie fymptQms» 
tlie meaning of which they CQuId Apt 
underfland; meanwhile, the cavalier 



yrvi fo bvfied m .1io(dit)£ }ier fad by the 
Ihoulders, that he could not attend to 
ills malk, which alfo fell to the ground; 
9ad Dorothea lifting up her eyes to- 
wards him, as he held the lady in his 
arms, perceived that this cavalier was 
ilo other than her own hu0>and, Poa 
Fernando. No foonerdid flie recognize 
his features, than fetching a long and 
melancholy figh from the very bottom 
of her foul, (he fell backward in a 
^oon, and if the barber had not been 
at hand to fupport her, would have cer- 
tainly come to the ground $ the curaue 
ran inftantly to take off her veil, that 
he might fprinkle water on her face, 
tvhich was imn^ediately known by Doq 
Fernando, who held the other lady in 
his arms, and was thunderftruck at the 
light: he would not, however, quit 
JLucinda, who ftruggled to get loofe; 
ihe and Cardenio having by this time 
iTCOgnized each other by their mutual 
acclamation 8. He had alfo overheard 
the' groan uttered by Dorothea when 
|he fainted, and believing that it pro- 
ceeded from Lucinda, ruilied out of his 
apartment in a fright, when the firft ob- 
ject he beheld was Don Fernando clamp- 
ing her in his arms. This nobleman 
Icnew him immediately, and all three, 
(namely, Lucjnda, Cardenio, andDoro. 
thea) were ftriick dumb with aftoniOi' 
ment, and fecmed infenfible of what 
bad happened, gazing in filence at one 

Dorothea direfted her eager view to 
Pon Fernando, who ftared at Cardenio, 
whofe eyes were fixed upon Lucinda, 
who looked wiHifully at him $ but the 
^rft that broke fitence, was this laft, 
who addrefled herfelf in thefe words to 
pon Fernando: < Suffer me, Signior, 
4 in regard to your own character, fince 
i you are deaf to every other coniidera- 

* tion, to cleave to that wall of which 

< I am the ivy^ to avail myfelf of that 

* prop from which you coul^^ot dif« 
9 engage me, with all your importuni- 
f tiesj promiies, and threats. Behold 
^ how Heaven, by unulual and myde- 
f rious means, hath brought me to my 
' true and lawful hulband ; and fmce 
f you kiiow, by dear-bought experi- 

< ence, that nothing but death can ex- 

* pel his image fron[) my bread, let this 

* pl^in demonftratiqn, fipce all other 
' attempts are vain« convert your love 
i inta rage, your friendihip into hate, 

* a^ ioftaiitly 4^f li? e 9»^ 9/ l^e^ whicM 

< I fliall yield with pteaitire in the pre- 

* fence ot my legal lord, who will then 

r' srhaps be convinced x>f the fidelity 
prefer ved to the laft moment of my 

* exiftcnce.* 

In the mean time, Dorothea, beisg re^ 
covered from her fwoon, had liftened to 
£ucinda*s declaratioiv, by which (he 
difcovered her fituation and name ) but 
perceiving that Don Feinando neither 
quitted his hold, nor anfwered one word 
to her folicitation, (he exerted her whole 
ftrength in falling down on her kneea 
before him, and having (hed a large 
quantity of tears from her beautiful 
eyes, accolted him in thefe words : ' My 
dear lord! if your eyes were not 
dazzled and obfcured by the rays of 
that fun which you hold eclipfed with^ 
in your arms, you would perceive that 
(he who thus kneele befoie you, ie th« 
unhappy (folong as you are pieafedihe 
(hould be fo) and forlorn Dorotheap-* 
I am that humble country- maiden 
whom vour generoiity or paljioii 
vouchfafed ^o nii(e to the honour of 
calling you her own, I am (he who^ 
con^ned within the bounds of IQO* 
defty, lived a contented lifei until 
moved by your importunities, an4 
feemingly lipiiffht addref&s, (he open* 
ed the gates of her referve, and fur* 
rendered to you the keys of hei' free* 
dom. An offering but ill requited^ 
as plainly appears l>y that hard fate^ 
in confequence of which I am found 
in this place, and alfo find you in 
your prefent fjtuation. Neverthelefs^ 
I would not have you imagine that I 
came hither, induced by any di(ho« 
nourable motives ^ but that the forrow 
conceived at feeing myfelf forfaken 
and forgotten by you, was tlie fole 
caufe of my retreat^ You defired I 
(hould be your own$ and that defire 
you accomplifhed fo e0e{kually, ths^t 
although your inclinations may be 
changed, it is impoilible you (hould 
ceafe to be mine. Confider, my lord, 
that iny unparalleled affe^ion may 
counterbalance the beauty and birth 
of her for whom I am abandoned ; 
you cannot be the fair Lucinda's huf- 
band, bccauf:: you are already .mine; 
nor (he become your wife, while (he 
appertains to Cardenio ^ and it will 
be a much eafier tafk^ if yoti t^eSt 
upon it impartially, toxecat your love 
for her who adores you, than to gain 
the affe Akn of one by whom you aca 
Pd » < abhor- 



» • • • 

abhorred. You Iblicited my unfu-* 
fpe^ing heart, you importuned my 
iirtcgrity, you ^ras not ignorant of my 
lowly ftation, and know in 'what 
manner I yielded to your will ; fo 
that yoih have no fubterfuge, nor the 
Icaft room to fay you was deceived. 
If this be the cafe, as doubtlefs it is, 
and you be a Chriitian as well as a 
gentleman, why do you, by fuch eva- 
lions, delay to make the end as happy 
as the beginning of myfortqne ? If 
you will not receive me as what I 
really am, your lawful wife, at leall 
admit me into the number of your 
(laves { for, in whatever Hiape I he- 
long to you, I fliall account myfelf 
fortunate and bleiTed J do not, there- 
fore, by renouncing me entirely, give 
fcandal an opportunity of impeaching 
my honour. Make not my parents 
miferable in their old age ; their faith- 
ful fervices to your father merit a more 
kind return ! if you think your bloocl 
will be debafed m mixing with mine, 
confidcT, that almoft all the great fa- 
milies on earth have undergone the 
fame intercourfe, and that the wo- 
man''8 quality in no manner aife^s il- 
iuftrious descents : befldes, true no- 
bility coniifts in virtue, and in that 
fliall I have the advantage over you, 
if you deny and oppofe the jiiftlce of 
my claim. In fii^e, the latt argument 
I (hall ufe is this, whether ymL are 
pleafed or difpleafed with your def- 
tiny, I am your lawful wife : wit- 
nefs your own words, which neither 
are nor ought' to be felfej if you va- 
lue yourfelf on that for which you 
undervalue me; witncfs your hand- 
writing, and Heaven above, to the 
tei^tnony of which you appealed for 
the performance of yourpromife j and 
if all thefe fliouid fail", your con- 
. fcience will never ceafe whifpering to 
ydu, amidft your pleafoifs, in vin- 
dication of this truth, which will dif- 
turb your moft exalted erijoyments.* 
This fupplication, enforced with 
other arguments, was pronounced lb 
feelingly by the affli6led and weeping; 
Dorothea, that tears of fympathy were 
jhed by all prelent, the companions of 
Don Fernando not excepted; he him-' 
jelf liftened without anfwerin gone word, 
until (he had luade an end of her ad- 

drefs, and began to utter fuch wocfut 
fighs and groans, as were almoft fuf • 
ificient to melt an heart of brafs. ' Lu- 
cinda ftood gazing upon her with equal 
compa(Tion for her forrow, and adteii- 
ration of her be;:uty and good fen(6i 
nay, flie would Ivive gone atid ofTerei 
her all the confolation in her power, 
had ftie not flill been kept faft locked in. 
the arms of Don Fcmnndoj who, full of 
corlfufion anvl Anpilze, after having for 
a good while fixt-cl his eyes upon Doro- 
thea, with grt'at attention, opened his 
arms, and leaving Lucinda at liberty, 
faid, * You have conquered, beauteous 

* Dorothea : the viflory is yours ; for 

* fo many truths coniorned are fiirely 
« irrefiftible.' 

, Lucinda was fo faint and weak, tbat 
when Don Fernan<lo quitted her, /he 
would have fallen to the ground* had it 
not been for Cardenio, who had placed 
himfelf behind her raviflier, that hei^ 
might not be known* 5 but now, lay- 
ing afide all fear, and refolving to ad- 
venture every thing, he fprUng to the 
affiftanceof Lucinda, and catching her 
in his arms, * If,' faid he, ' it be thQ 

* will and pleafure of pitying Heaven, 

* that you mould find repofe, my faith- 
< ful, conftant, snd charming Lucin- 

. • da ! I think you can en'^oy it no where 

* fo fecurely, as in thefe arms, whicK 

* now receive, and formerly encirclect 

* you, when fortune was pleafed that I 

* fliould call you mine.' 

At thefe words, (he gazed upon hin^ 
with great eagernefs ; flie had btfare be- 
gan to recognize his voice, and now^ 
recolle£ling his features, like a perfou 
deprived of )udgmei>t, who difrtgards 
all decency and form, flie threw her 
arm's about his neck, and JQining her 
lips to his, * Yes, my Garden io,' 
laid flie, * you are the real lord of thi^ 

* your flave, in fp'te of adverfe fate^ 

* and all ihcfe threats, tliough greater 

* than they are, that peifecute my life, 

* which now (lenends on youis alone.' 
An uncxpe6leJ iisht was this to Don 

Fernando, and all the bye Itanders, 
who were not a little furprized at what 
they faw. While Dorothea obferving 
her hutband change colour, and fignify. 
an inclination of being revenged upoi^ 
Caulenio, by laying his hand upon his, 
fword, ran, with incredible agility, anci 

• But it appears in the preceding page, that he was already known both to Feraaxido 
and Lucinda* Alifuando bonut dormitat Humerus 




^a(bin^ his knee$, which (he kifledy 
Kela him fo £rmly epbraced that he 
^uld not move, faying, while the tears 
trickled fronfi her eyes, * What means 
' my only refuge to do oii this unex- 
pe6led occalion? Your own wife is 
now kneeling before you, and fhe 
whom you deiireto wed is in the arm's 
of her lawful hufband 5 confider whe- 
ther it be juft or poiTible for you to 
undo that which Heaven hath done; 
why (hould you Ccek to unite yourfelf 
with one, who, difdaining all oppo- 
fition and inconvenience, and con> 
firmed in her own con'ftancy and 
truth; even befpre your eyes, lets fall 
from" hcfr'S 'a (hower of tendernefs 
into the boToni of her lawful fpoufe ? 
For the fake of God and of yourfelf, I 
, entreat and beleech you, that this re- 
rnarkable recognition may not only 
' fall to increafe your indignation, but 
even diminifh it in fuch a manner, that 
thefe two lovers niay, without any 
• impediment from you, enjoy each 
other as long as Heaven will permit 
them to live. In thils felf-denial you 
will manifeft the generofity of your 
noble and illuftrious foul, and con- 
vince the world, that yoti are govern- 
ed mote by reafon than by appetite.' 
While Dorothea pronounced thefe 
words, Cardenio, though he held Lu- 
cinda in his aims, kept his eyes flill 
f&ed upon Don Fernando, vvith full re- 
fohition, if he attempted any thing fo 
his prejudice; to defend himielf as well 
as he could, againil his adverfary arid 
afl his adherents, although it Oiould 
coft him his life. But this young no- 
bleman's friends, together with the cu- 
rate and barber, not forgetting honeft 
S^ncho Panza, who were prelent at the 
whole affair, interpofed, and making a 
circle about him, begged earned ly that 
te vVould be pleafed to confider the tears 
of Dorothea, and if what Ihe alledged' 
was true, as they firmly believed it was, 
no longer fuffcr her to be defrauded of 
her jult and reafonable hope. They 
defired him to obferve, that in all ap- 
pearance it was not by accident, but 
the immediate direiVron of Providence, 
that they had all met together fo unex- 
pe£ledly in this place 5 and the curate 
mtreated him to icfteft, that death alone 
could divide Lucind i from Cardenio j 
that thoiigh they might be parted by the 
edge of the fword, they wpuld look 
iipon dwth as the *^reateit blffiing that 

could befal them ; and that, in a cafe^ 
of this kind« which admitted of no. 
other remedy, it would be his wifeft, 
courle, to conftrain and conquer his own , 
paflion, and demonftrate the generoiity^ 
of his hearty by permitting, of his ovn\ 
free-will, thefe two lover^ to enjoy that, 
ftate of happinefs which Heaven had or- 
dained for their lot ; that he Should con- 
template Dorothea's beauty, which far, 
from being excelled, was equalled in 
few or none 5 and to her beauty, adii 
the confideration of her humility and 
exccflive love; above all, take tiotice, 
that if he valued himfelf upon being a 
gentleman and a Chtiflian, he could do 
nolefs than perform the protnife he had 
given, and in fo doing, a^ in confor- 
mity to the will of God, and fatisfy 
the djfcreet part of mankind^ who are 
very fenfible that it is the preiogative 
of beauty, even in a low e(tate, whea 
accompanied with virtue, to be lifted up 
to. the highed rank, without any dif- 
paragement to the perfon who thus raifes 
it to an equality with himfelf; and flnce 
the irren(tible force of inclination muit - 
prevail, provided there be nothing cri- 
minal in the means, he is not to be 
blamed who a£ls according to it's dic- 

To thefe arguments were added fo 
many of the fame fort, that the valiant 
heart of Don Fernando, nouriOied by 
iiluftrious blood, relented, and he was ' 
overcome by the force of that truths 
which, however inclined, he could not 
deny. The (ignal of his furrender, and 
yielding to this reafonable and juft pro- 
pofal, was hrs Itooping down and cm- 
bracing Dorothea; to whom he faid, 

< Rife, Madam; it is not juft that file 

* who reigns in my foul, (hould lie 

* proftrate at my feet. If hitherto I 

* have given fmall proof of what I now 

* profefs, perhaps my omiilion hath 
' been oyving to the appointment of 

* Heaven, that by giving you an oppor- 
« tunity of manifelting the fmceiity of 

* your love, I might know how to ef- 

* teem you according to your deferts. 

* 1 beg, therefore, you will not upbraid 

* me with my mifcondu£l and unkind 

* neglect ; lince the fame force and oc- 

* cafion that attached me to you, was 

* the can fe of my endeavour to difen- 

< gage myfelf. That you may be con- 

* vinced of the truth, behold and con- 

* template the. eyes of the now con- 

< tented Lucinda, ia-which you wiU find' 



* an excufe for all my erron ; and, fince 

* fht hath found and attained her 

< hearths defirey and my utmpft wiih U 

< fulfilled in thua retrieving' yoU| niay 
' flie live in peace and quiet, for many 

* happy years, with her Cardenio» and 
^ may Heaven grant the (ame felicity 

* tome with Dorothea!* 

So faving, he embraced her again, 
preifing iiis lipe to h^r^s with fuch ten- 
dernefsi that it required his greateft ef- 
fb^s to forbear givine, with his tears, 
indubitable figns of his affe£lion ami 
remorfe. But thofe endeavours did not 
fUcceed with Lucinda, Cardenio, and 
(every other perfon prefent, who beean 
to weep fo plentifully, either at their 
own happinefs, or the ^tisfa^ion of 
their friends, that one would have 
thought feme grievous misfortune had 
happened to the whole company. Even 
Saocho blubbered, though tie afterwards 
owned, that his forrow proceeded from 
feeing that Dorothea was not, as he 
imagined, the Queen of Micomicon, 
from whom be expelled fuch favours. 

This univerfal admiration and thaw 
having lafted fome time, Cardenio and 
Lucinda fell upon their knees before 
Don Fernando, whom they thanked for 
his generofity in fuch polite terms, that 
he fcarce knew what anfwer to make, 
but raifed and embraced them both with 
demon (Irations of uncommon courtefy 
and aiFe£lion. Then aiking I^orothea 
how (he had come to that place, fo dif- 
tant from her own home me ,with great 
elegance and brevity repeated what ihe 
had |>efore recounted to Cardenio ; and 
her liulbahd and his company were fo 
plea fed wftK her narration, that they 
wiihq^ it could' haye befn fpun out to a 
^nuclf greater length ; fo gracefully did 
ihe relate her own misfortunes.' ' 
' Her talk being finiOied, Ppn Fer- . 
nando informed them of what had hap- 
pened to him in the city, after Ke 
found I in Liicinda^s bofonf, the paper 
in which (he declared herfelf Cardenio'a 
wife. Seeing that 0ie could not poffibly . 
t^e his, he faid, he was deteimined to 
put her to death, and would a£lually 
b:ive Executed his purpofe, had not l\er 
parents intei-pofed. He then quitted the . 
houfe. full of ihs^me and refentment,' 
reiblving to revenge himfelf with the 
,firft opportunity ; and next day under- 
flood that ihe was gone off, without any 
body^s knowing whither (lie had directed 
^r flight, A^t length, hiowexQr, i^ 8^. 

few monthf , ht'|;ot notioe that (he wai^ 
in a certain mon^teryt where flic in- 
tended to fpend her whole life, if ih^ 
could not en^oiy it in the corapanjT ^ 
Cardenio. Henofooner received this 
intimation, than «huilnj[ thefe thres 
gentlemen for bis companions, be wetit 
firaight to tbe place of her refidence $ 
but vrithoiit (peaking to her, or rndking^ 
himfelf known, left the monatlcry 
(hould be more ftrt^ly guarded oq iii» 
account. He waited » therefore, ontiL 
one day he found the porter^s lodge 
opens when leavine two of his frien^^ 
to fecure the door, he entered the m^^. 
nailery with the other, in queft of X«q* 
cinda, whom be fouad in the cloifters,, 
talking with a nun ; and fnatching bcr> 
€>ff, without giving her a moment*s. 
time for recoUe&ion, carried her in^ 
(lantly to a place where they providecl 
tb^mielves vrith ncceffaries for tfeir Jour- 
ney. This exploitthey were envied tn^ 
perform with fafety, becauie tbe tih>-' 
nailery (lood in the middle of a field» 
at a good di(lance< from any village or 
town. He faid, Lucinda no foonef 
perceived herfelf in his power, than (he 
fainted away, and when (he recovered 
the ufe. of her (enfes« did nothing bu% 
weep and figh, without fpeakiop; one 
word; fo that, accompanied with d- 
lence and tears, they had arrived at that. 
inn, which he looked upon as the hea- 
venly goal where all earthly misfOrtunea 
are happily terminated. 



SANCHO heard every thing that 
palTed with no (mail anxiety of 
mind, feeing the hopes of his prefer-, 
ment vanifh into fiiioke» tbe beautiliiV 

g'incefs Micomicona transformed into 
orothea, the giant into Don Fernando, 
^nd bis mailer in a< found fleep, litties. 
dreaming of what bad happened. Do* 
rothea could not perfuade herfelf, that 
ail her good Cortune was not a dream |^ 
^'ardenio entertained the fame epinioo,^ 
which wae alfo embraced by Luciada^ 
while Don Fernando gave thanks to 
Heaven for it's favour, in extricating 
bim irom that if byrtntdb of peipkaoty,^ 

tout QUIXOTF. 


Sn yflach ht was atthenolatof lofing bit 
reputation and foul. lb fine> eyer|rpert 
ion prcfent was well fatisfiedi and rejuic* 
«d at the ^appy iflue of fuch intricate and 
desperate anaors. The curate repre- 
lented every thing in the right point of 
view, witti great difcretiony and con- 
gratulated t£e parties concerned on the 
felicity they had acquired ^ but ihe 
whole joy was moft vociferous was the 
landlady, who loudly exulted in the 
promife of Cardenio and. the curate, who 
tiadundertakenr to pay her with intertft, 
for the damage (^ had Aiftained on 
l>oii Quixote's account. Sancho alone, 
ms we nave already observed, was af- 
ili6ked, unfortunate, and fad, and so- 
Inp^ to his mafier, who was juft awake, 
faid, with a lamentable tone, ' Sir 

* Knight of the Rueful Cbuntenance^ 
' you worlhip may now deep as long as 

* you pleafe, without giving yourielf 
^ the trouble of (laying the giant, or 
' reftoring the princefs to her throne j 
f -that whole affair is already brought to 
' a concluiion.* 

* I really believe what you fay,* an* 
fwered the knight, * for I have been 
ra^g^ ^th the giant, in the moft 
obftinate and outrageous combat that 
I believe I (hall ever fight in all the 
days of my lifej with one back 

we were in this houfe, I told thee thac 
every incident which happened was 
condu^led and brought about by in«> 
chantroent; fo that we need not be fur- 
prized if the fame power (hould pre- 
vail at prefent/»— < I (hould be of 
your wor(hIp*s opinion,* anfwered 
Sancho, * if my blanketting had beea 
of the fame tiamp; but that was npt 
the cafe, for it was really and truly a 
fubftantial tolling. This very inn« 
keeper whom we faw to-day, held a 
corner of the blanket, and canted me 
Into the air with great (Irength and 
nimblenefs, pafling a thoufand wag- 
gifh jokes, and laughing at me all the 
while ; 'from whence I, concluded* 
(imple and (inner as I am, that as I 
knew their perfons, there was no in* 
cbantment in the cafe, but abundance 
of bruifing and bad fortune.*— • 
Well, Heaven will make thee amends/ 
faid the knight; * meanwhile, reach me 
my cloaths ; for I want to go forth and 
examine thofe events and transforma* 
tions which thou haft mentioned.* 
While Sancho was helping him t* 
drefs, the curate gave Don Fernanda 
and his company an account of Doa 
Quixotc*s madnefs, and the artifice thef 
had ufed to^difene^ him from the 
poor rock to which he imagined himfelf 

fhroke, dam went his head to the exiled by the difdain of his miftrefs. 
ground, and difcharged fuch a quan* He alfo recounted all thofe adventures 
tity of blood, that it ran like rills, of that Sancho had imparted to him, at 
water alon^ the field.*—-* Or rather which they were not a little furprized^ 
like red wme, your worfhip fhould and laughed immoderately, agreeing in 
fay,* replied the fquire $ ' for I muft opinion with every body who knew the 
* ** "* J 1 . icnight, that it was the fb^mgeft extra-^ 

vagance that ever entered a difturbed 
imagination. The prieft moreover ob-. 
ferved, that Ance the good fortune of 
Dorothea obflru^led the progrefs of their 

inform you, if you do not already 
know it, that the dead giant is no 
other than a wine-bag, and the blood, 
eighteen gallons of good ^red wine, 
which vvas contained in it*s belly : 

the head you cut off is the whore my defign, there was a neceflitv for invent- 
mother, and the whole affair is gone , ing another plan that (hould bring hint 

to th9 devil.* — < What does the lu* 
natic mean/ faid. Don Qujxote, ' are 
you in your right (enfes, Sancho?* 
*— * Rife, Sir,' refumcd the fquire, * and 
fee what a fine piece of work you have 

hose to his own houfe. Cardenio pro* 
pofed that they ihould profecute. the 
fcheme they had already began $ and 
Lucinda would a6l ana reprefent the. 
part of Dorothea. * No,* faid Don 

made, and what a fcore you have Fernando, * that muft not be: Doro- 

ruDb You (hall behold the queen 
converted into a private lady, called 
Dorothea, with many other ftrange 
ev.^its, at which, if you take them 
right, you will be hugely ai^oniflied.* 

thea (hail (iill proceed with her own 
invention ( for, as it cauiot be far 
from hence to the habimion of thac 
honeft gentleman, I fkaW be glad to 
contribute toward^ his cure.' And 

^>-* J (hall not wonder at any thing of when he uuderftood that they would ar« 
^«it kind,* replied his mafbr ) ' for rive in two days at his houfe ^ * Were 
thou^tnay'ft remember, the lafl time * it faither oltV (aid he, * 1 (hould go 

• with 



* with plfafuce to afllft in fuch a laud- 

• able defign.* 

At that inftant Don Quitocote came 
foith, aimed at all points, with Mam- 
brino*8 helmet, battered as it was, upon 
jiis head, his (hield braced upon his 
arm, and his pole or lance in his hand. 

will not. open a way, and by I^inf^ 
the head ot your adyerfary in the 
duft in a few days, inveft yours with 
that crown to which you'have an un« 
doubted right.' 

Heire Don Quixote left off fpeal^ng, 
in expfe^ation oF a reply from the prin- 

iDon Fernando and his companions were cefs, who icnowing it was D6n Fernan- 

amazed at this ftrange apparition, when do*s pleafure that /he (hould continue 

they beheld fuch a rueful length of face, the deceit, until the knight could bd 

fo withered and tawny, together with brought back to His 6wn Houfe, anfwer- 

Kis iil-forted armour, and the folemnity ed with equal gravity and grace, * Who- 

of his gait. They gazei' upon him in * foever hath told you, moft valiant 

filent expectation of what he would 
fay, while he, with infinite gravity of 
alpefV, fixing his eyes upon Dorothea, 
accoiled her iA thefe words : * Fair lady, 

• I am informed by this my fquire, 

• that yourgreatnefs is annihilated, and 

• yodr quality undone, by being chang- 

• ed from your former rank of queen 

• and fovereign princefs, into the con- 

• dition of a private damfel. If this 

• hath been done by the necromancy of 

• the king yOur father, who is perhaps 

• afraid that I (hould not be able to 

• give you the afliftance required, I fay 

• he neither knows, nor ever did know, 

• the half of that art which he prd- 
^ fefleth, and that he is but little ccn- 

• verfant in the hiftoryof chivalry; for 
*, had he read and perufed it with fuch 

• leifure and attention as I have beftow- 

• ed upon that fubjefl, he would have 

• found, that on every occafion, knights 

• of much lefs reputation than I poflefs, 

• have atchieved much more difficult 

• enterprizes than this, it being a mat- 

• ter of fmall moment to kill a pitiful 

• giant, let him be as arrogant as he 

• will; fof not many hours ago, I faw 

• myfelfengagedwithone-^but I chule 

• to be filent rather than Jiave my ve- 

• racity called in queftion, though time, 

• that unmafks all things, will fliew 

• when we leaft expeil it—"* 

* That you was engaged with wine- 

• bag$, and not with a giant !' cried the 
innkeeper ; who was fflenced by Don 
Fernandoy and forbid to interrupt the 
knight's difcoorfe in any (hape what- 
ever. So that Don Quixote proceeded, 
laying, * In fine, if the father of your 

• difijnherifed highnefs hath performed 

• this metaniorphofis on your perfon, 

• for the caufes I have mentioned, I 

• hope you will give no credit to fuch 

• confiderations; for there is no danger 

• vpoti earth through wiiieh my fv^rd 

Knight of the Rueful Countena^iCe, 

* that I am changed and transformed 

* from what I was, ha^ not adhered to 

* the trtuh in his informaticfn; indeed I 

* am fomewhat changed 'by certain for- 

* tunate events which have happened 

* even beyond my own expe^ationj 

* but, neverthclefs, I have ifot ceafed 

* to be what I was, nor altered that rc^ 
' foliition which I haV6 always main> 

* tained, of taking the advantage of 

* 3'our valiant and invincible arm. 
« Wherefore, dear Sir, be fo good as 

* to do jullice to the honour of the fa- 

* ther who begat rhe, and look upon 

* him as a man of fagacity and fore-i 

* fight J fince, by the fcience he poflfef- 
' fed, he found fuch an eafy andcffec- 

* tual path to the Cure of my misfor- 

* tune; fori firmly believe, that weri 

* it not for you, I (hould not novsr be fo 

* happy as I am, as the greateft part of 

* thele gentlemen can tnily witnefs. 

* Nothing then renSiams^* but that we 
' fet out to-morrow,* becaufe we could 
'not propose to travel 'far to-day; 

* and as for the fuccefs on which mf 

* hopes are built, I leate it entirely t6 

* God, and the worth of your heroicK 

* hrealh' 

Don Quixote hearing the words, turn- 
ed to Sancho, in the moft violent indig* 
nation, faying, < I proteft, firrah ! yoii 
are the molt malicious little fianderei?' 
in Spain. Say, you rafcal— you va- 
gabond!— *did not you tell me j«4 
now, that the princefs was transformr- 
ed into a private gentlewoman called 
Dorothea ; and that the heady whtcit 
I know I cut from the giant*s (boul- 
ders, was the whore your mother |^ 
with many more fooliih particulars, 
which threw me into the greatei^ con- 
fufion that ever I felt fince 1 was born ? 
By Heaven r (here he turned up bis 
eyes' and bit hiis lips) ' I have a ftrnng 

r jjudi« 

* iifclma'tion ito commit fuch daughter by his garb, feemed to be a Chriftian 
upon thee, as will be an inftru£^ive (lave lately efcaped from Barbary; for 
warning* to all the lying fquires who he was clad in a coat of blue clothe 
fliall henceforth attend knights errant, wanting a collar, with (hort ikirts and 
in the courfe of their adventures.* half-fleeves ; his breeches and cap were 

* Pray be pacified, good your wor- of the fame ftufFj and he wore date* 
(hip!* cried Sancho; * I may poflibly coloured bjuflcins, with a MoorifK ic^«' 
be deceived in what concerns the mitarilungin aihoulder-belt acrof^ hit 
change of my Lady Piincefs Mi- breaft. He was followed by a womtn 
comicona $ but as to the giant's drefTed in the Moorifh habit, mounted 
head being a wine-bag, and the blood upon an afs; with a veil over her face» 
no other than good red wine, I am a brocaded bonnet on her head, and a 
not mift^aken, as I ihall anfwer to mantle that flowed from her (houlders 
God ; for the ikins that were flafhed to her heels. The man was robuft, and 
are ftill to be feen by your worihip's well-proportioned, feemingly turned of 
bed-fide, and the whole room is forty, with a brownifti complexion^ 
flooded with the wine. But the proof large whiikers, and a well-fumiihed 
of the pudding is in the eating of it f ; beard; in (hort, his mien was Co genteelf 
you will be convinced when Mr. that if he had been properly dreHed^ 
What-d'ye call him our landlord theywould havetaken nimfor amanof 
here makes out a bill of the damage birth and quality, 
he has fufFered. As to the reft, I am Soon as he entered the gate, he called 
rejoiced from my foul, to find that for a private apartment, and feemed very 
the queen's majefty is the fame as much concerned, when he underftood 
iifual, becaufe it concerns me, as well that all the rooms of the inn were en* 
as any other neighbour's child/— gaged ; however, he went to the lady in 
1 tell thee, Sancho,' replied Don Mooriih drefs, and lifted her off in his 

Quixote ' that thou art diflra^led j for- arms. Upon which Lucinda, Doro* 

give me, that is enough.'—' Enough thea, the landlady, her daughter, and 

in all confcience,* faid Don Fernan- Maritornes, flocked around her; their 

do; * there is nothing more to be faid curiofity being excited by the novelty 

on this fubje6l. I think the princefs of the garb, which none of them had 

judges very prudently in deferring her ever feen before; and Dorothea, who 

journey till to-morrow, becaufe the was always good-humoured, manperly^ 

day is already far advanced; let us and difcreet, concluding that both (he 

therefore fpend this night in agreeable and her condu£lor were chagrined at 

converfation, and at the approach of their want of a chamber, fpoke to her 

day, we will in a> body attend the gal- thus: * Be not uneafy, Madam, at 

lant Don Quixote, that we may be * your want of accommodation here; it 

witneifes of the unheard-of exploits * is the inconvenience of almoft all 

which he will doubtlefs perform in * inns; but if you will be pleafed to 

the courfe of this vaft enterprise he * partake with us, (pointing to Lucinda)^ 

hath undertaken.'—-* It is my duty * perhaps you will find that in the 

and refolution to ferve and attend * courfe of your journey you have been 

you,' anfwered the knight, < and I * fain to put up with harder fare.* The 

have the moft grateful fenfe of your veiled lady made no anfwer; but only 

favour and good opinion, which I rrfins from her feat, iignified her thanks 

fhall endeavour to ju(tify, though it bycrofling her hands upon her bofom, 

ihould coft me my life, or even more— bending her body, and bowing her head ; 

if more I can pay.* fo that from her filence they conje6lur* 

Many compliments and proffers of ed that fhe muft be a native Moor, and^ 

fervice paifed between Don Fernando that (he could not fpeak any Chriftian 

and Don Quixote; but they were inter- language. 

rupted by the arrival of a traveller, who. Her attendant, who had hitherto beea 

• In the original, * As will put fait in the Ikull.* 

-f Literally, * You fliall fee when the eggs arc fried.' A phrafe alluding to theftory 
of a thief, who having Hole a frying-pan, arxi being aikcd by the owner what he carried 
under his cloak, replied, < You will fee when the eggs are fried. Mctaphoricallyj 

♦ Time will diftover.* 

E e employed 


employed m fomething elCe, perceiving if ihe wanted to know what the Itdf 

chat tne company had made a circle defired, and he told her in Arabick, 

about his companion* who could, make that they entreated her to be uncovered ; 

BO replies to their interrogations, faid at the fame time, advifing her to com<* 

tp them, 'Ladies, this young woman ply with their re.qi]eft. Sdc accordingly 

'. underftands little or no Spanifli, and unveiled herfelf, and difcovexed a ^ce 

*^ fpeaks no language but that of her fb amiable, that Dorothea thought her 

< own country ^ fo that fiie is incapable handfomer than Lucinda, who, in her 

* of anfwering any queftions you may turn, gave her the preference to JOo-^ 
'' have afked/ — ' We have aiked no rothea ; and all prefent concluded, that 

* queftionsy* faid Lucinda, ' but only if any creature upon earth could vie 

* made her an offer of our company with them in beauty, it was this Mooriih 

< for this nighti with a ihare or our lady, who, in the opinion of fome of 
^ * lodging, and what accommodation is the company, excelled them both in cer-' 
^ to be had} and this we tender with tain particulars.^ As beauty, there- 

* that hearty good-will which obliges fore, has the privilege and energy to 
' us to ferve all Grangers, efpecially conciliate minds and attra£^ afTeflionsy 

* thofe of our own fcx who. ftand in every body prefeftt were leized w^ich 

* need of our afliftance.'— * Dear Ma- an inclination to ferve and cherifii 

* dam,* replied the conduftor, * in her the charming Moor. Don Fernando 
^ name and in my own, I return you a aiked her name of tlie captive, who 
^; thoufand thanks, aiid highly eileem anfwered, 'LelaZorayda:^ Thisiheno 
'. your proffered favour, which on this fooner heard, than underftanding the 

* occaiion, and from fuch perfons as queftion which had been put to the 
' your appearance proclaims you to be, Chriftian, ftve pronounced with great 
'. muft certainly be very kind and con- eagernefs and fweetnefs of concern, 
•" defccnding.'— * Signior/ faid Doro- • No, no Zorayda; Maria, Maria [^ 
thea, ' is this lady Chriftian or Moor? (ignifying that her name was Maria, and 

* By her filence and her drefs, we arc not Zorayda : thefe words, with the 
f induced to believe [he is not what we afFe^ling manner in which they were ex* 
*. could wilh her to be.'—* In her body prcifed, brought tears from the eyes of 
« and drefs,' replied the (Iranger, * ihc fome of the hearers, efpecially the wo- 
' is a Moor, but altogether a Chriftian men, who are naturally tender and com- 

* in her foul ; for ihe longs ardently to paflionate. Lucinda embraced her af- 

* be a profeflfcd convert to our faith.'— fe6lionately, faying, * Yes, yes, Ma- 

* Then |he is not baptized ?' refumed * ria, Maria.' And to this the Moor 
Lucinda. ' She has had no opportuni- replied, 'Yes, yes, Maria; Zorayda, 
« ty,' faid the captive, * fince me quit- • tnacatige i ' which, in the Arabick, 

* ted Algiers, which is her native coun- fignifies, '^0.' 

* try; and hitherto hath never been in Meanwhile it grew late, and the inn* 

* fuch imminent danger of her life, as to keeper, by order of Don Fernando^s 

< make it necelTary before (he is in- attendants, prepared, with great dili- 
' ftru^^ed in all the ceremonies enjoiued gence and care, as good a repaft as he 

< by our holy mother church; but, if could poHibly provide j fo that, when 
*.it pleafe Heaven, (he Ihall be baptized fupper-timc arrived, they fat down all 
*.very Toon, with decency fuitable to together at a long hall-table, for there . 

< the quality of her perlbn, which is was neither a round nor fquare one in 

< greater than either her drefs or mine the houfe. They forced the head and 

< leems to declare.' principal feat, in fpite of all his ex- 
This intimation raifcd the curiofity of cufes, on Don Quixote, who defired that 

atl the fpe^ators, to know who this the Princefs Micomtcona might fit by 

MooiC and captive were; but nobody the fide of her protestor ; next to her, 

chofe to aik the queftion at that time, Lucinda and Zorayda placed themielves, 

which feemed more proper for repofing being fronted by Fernando and Carde- 

thsmfelves than relating the hiftory of nio, at whole left-hand fat the captive 

their lives. Dorothea taking her by the and the other sentlemen, while the cu- 

hanii^ feated the ftranger clofe by her rate and the barber took their ibtioB 

^ fiBe, and entreated her to take off the clofe to the ladies. In this manner they 

'veil: ftie looked at her condudlor, as fupped with vail fatisfa6iioo. which wat 




Hiil increaTedy ^en Don Quixote leav- 
ing ofF eating, andinfpired by the fame 
ipiritthat moved him to harangue amonff 
the goatherds, began the following diN 
iertation: * Verily, gentlemen, if it be 
duly confidered, great and unexpected 
events are feen by thofe who profefs 
the order of knight-errantry. What 
inhabitant of this earth, if he (hould 
now enter thejgates of this caiUe, 
and behold us (eated in this manner^ 
could conceive or credit that we are 
what we are ? Who could imagine, 
that this lady on my right-hand is the 

freat queen whom we all know her to 
e, and that I am the Knight of the 
Rueful Countenance, fo celebrated by 
the voice of fame i Now there is no 
manner of doubt, that this exercife 
and art exceeds all others hitherto in- 
vented by man, and that it ought to 
be more edeemed, becaufe it is' more 
expoied to danger. Away with thofe 
wno give letters the preference over 
arms ! I affirm, that fuch people, 
whofoever they are, know not what 
they fay.} for the fole reaibn to 
which they adhere, in this decifion, 
is, that the labour of the body is ex- 
ceeded by that of the mind } and that 
the profeilion of arms is altogether 
as corporeal as the exercife and office 
of a common day labourer, that 
requires nothing more than bodily 
ftrength; as if that which is called 
foldierfhip by us who profefs it, did 
not include a<Els of valour which none 
but perfons of uncommon genius 
could execute ^ or, as if the toil of a 
warrior who has the charge of an ar- 
my, or commands in a town that is 
beiieged, doth not affe^ the mind as 
well as the body. Is it to be fuppofed, 
that by mere corporeal ftrength he 
can penetrate and difcover the inten- 
tion of the enemy ? To anticipate de- 
figns, baffle ftratagems, i^irmount 
dif^culties, and prevent the mifchief 
that is to be dreaded, are all ef- 
forts of the underftanding, in which 
the body hath no (harej if the profef- 
fion of af-n)8, therefore, requires ge- 
ni^is, as well a$ that of letters, let 
us iee which of tjie two requires moil 
Qiental toil ; and this aueftion may be 
determined, by confiaering the end 
and aim of each j for that occupa- 
tion defeives the higheft efteem, which 
bath the nobleft purpofe in viewj the 

* end and fcope of letters* I fpeak qq^ 

* here, of that divine learning, whofe 
f aim is to raife and conduct the foul tQ 
' Heaven ; to an end Co infinite, no inr 
' tention whatever can be compared. I 
' fpeak of human learning, the ultimate 

* end of which is to regulate diftribur 

* tive juftice, render to every one hit 

* due, and to understand and to prote6): 

* the equitable laws J an aim certainly 

* generous, and highly commendable 1 
' vet not fo deferving of the moft fubf 

* lime prai(e as the profefllon of armSf 

* the objedl and the end of which if 

< peace, the greateft good that mortals 

* can enjoy ; for, the iirft blefTed news 
' which this world and mankind heard^ 

* were thofe pronounced by the angels^ 
' on that night, which was our day^ 

* when they fung in the air, " Glory be 
*' to God on high; and on earth, peact 
*' and good will towards raenV and 

* the fafutation, which the beft Mafter» 
' either in heaven or upon earth, taueht 

< his adherents and favourites ; which 

< was to fay, when they entered any 

* houfe, ** Peace be to this houfel? 

* Nay, he himfelf* at different tknesy 

* faid, " My peace I give unto you 1 
*' My peace I leave with, you ! Peac^ 
^* be among you V* A iewel and lej;acy 

* well w'orthy of him who left itl n 

< jewel, without which there can be na 

* felicity, either on earth or in heaven i, 
' This peace is the genuine aim of wars 
' for arms and war are the (ame $ and 

* this being taken for granted, the end 
( of war 18 nobler than that of leam^ 

* ing; wherefore, let u« next coniidec 

* the bodily toil fuftained by each, that 
' we may fee on which fide the balanca 

* lies in that particular.* 

In this feuiible manner did Don 
Quixote continue his difcourfe, from 
which nobody that heard him could dif- 
tinguifli that he was mad | on the con-, 
trary, his audience confiiUng chiefly of 
gentlemen, to which title the profefllon 
of arms is annexed, they liflened with 
great pleafure, while he proceeded thus. 
* The hardfhips of a itudent, I fay^ 

* are thefe j firft of all, poverty, (not 

* that all ftudents are )|oor, but that wc 

* iriay fuppofe the worft that can hap- 

* pen) and when I have named his in- 

* digence, the whole of his misfortune 

* is mentioned; for he that is poor can 
' enjoy nothing that is good, but muft 

< endure neceiTity in all it's forms; fome- 

£ e ^ * times 



timet biinger» fomtdmes cold, foroe- 
times nakednefs, and often all three 
together. Neverthelefs, his neceility 
is not Co great, but that he eats, though 
perhaps later than uAial, or though 
be may feed upon the leavings of the 
rich, or which is the greateft mifery 
to which a fcholar can be reduced, go 
a-fopping *, as they term it ; then 
they are always admitted to fome 
charitable perfon's fire-ilde or chim* 
ney-corner, where, if they cannot 
warm themfelves effeflually, they 
may at leaft defy the cold ; and at 
night they deep under cover. I need 
not defcend to minute particulars ; 
fuch as want of linen, fcarcity of 
fhoes, flimfy and thread -bare cloaths, 
nor the furfeits which they To eagerly 
incur, when their good fortune lets a 
plentiful table in their way. By this 
path, rough and difficult as I have 
already /lefcribed it, after m»ny tumb- 
lings, Hidings, rifings, and fallings, 
they at laft attain to the wilhed de- 
gree, which being gained, we have 
leen many who have paflTed with a fa- 
vourable gale of fortune, through thefe 
quickfands and ftraits of S^ylla and 
Charybdis; I fay, we have feen many 
fuchcommand and didlate to the world, 
from a chair of ftate; their hunger 
being changed inltf ^tiety, their cold 
into refrefhment, their rag« into gay 
apparel, and the matts on which they 
lay, to the richeft dama(k and fineft 
holland i a recotnpence which their 
merit moft jul^ly enjoys 1 but their la- 
bours, when fairly ftated and com- 
pared, are infinitely (hort of the war- 
rior*s, as I (hall now clearly demonr 

CHAP, xr, 


TH E knight proceeded thus ; * Since 
< wc began with the ftudent, re- 
< prefenting his poverty in all it's cir- 

cumftances, |et us Tee if the (bidlcr 
be more wealthy ; and we fhall find 
that poverty itfelf is not poorer j for he 
is reftri^Ved to his miferable pay, which 
comes always late, if ever, or to what 
he can plunder by force, with the im- 
minent danger of his life and con- 
fciencej and frequently, his naked- 
nefs is fuch, that his flafhed buff 
doublet ferves him inftead of coat, 
fhirt, and alt other parts of ap- 
parel. In a winter campaign, while 
he remains in the open field, he has 
nothing to mitigate the feverity of thq 
cold, but his own breath, which, as 
it proceeds from an empty placej^ 
mult, I believe, be cold, contrary to 
all the rules of nature: but ftay till 
the approach of night, when it is to 
be hoped his bed will make amends 
for all theib inconveniences; and this, 
if it b? not his own fault, will never 
offend in point of natrownefs, for 
he may meafure as many feet of 
ground as he thinks lufl^cient, an4 
there tumble about at pleafure, with- 
out any danger of difcompoflng th^ 
fheets. Then, inftead of the day and 
hour of receiving the degrees of hi^ 
art, comes the day of battle, in which 
his head is adorned with the dofboral 
tofsle, made in form of a pledgit, to 
fluff the wound made by fome bali^ 
which perhaps hath gone throue^h 
his temples, or left him maimed or a 
leg or arm i and even if this fhould 
no^ happen, but merciful Heaveix 
gu^rd and preferve him fafe and 
ibuKd, he continues as poor as ever ^ 
he mtifl rifk himfetf in feveral more 
rencounters and battles, and be vic- 
torious in each, before his circum- 
fiances be bettered ; but thefe mi- 
racles rarely happen. Tell me, gen- 
tlemen, have you confidercd what a 
rpiall proportion thofewho make their 
fortunes by war bear to thole whope- 
rifh in Hie field ? Doubtlefs, you pnufl 
anfwer, that there is no fort of com- 
paiifon ; that the (lain are fcarce to 
be nurr.bqed, while the living whq 
are recompenfed for their fervices,^ 
may be comprehended within three fi- 
gures of arithmetick f . The cafe of 

• Alluding to the charity given at the gates of rnqnaftcries. 

-|- if e. Do not amount to fooo, ^hlch is a number expreiTed by four figuresi 




th« learned is quite the reverfe * ; for, 
one way or another, they are all pro- 
vided : Co that, though the toil of a 
foldier is gi^ter, his reward is much 
lefs. To this obfervation, it may 
be replied, that it is far more eafy to 
reward two thoufand fcholars than 
thirty thoufand foldiers } for the firft 
are recompenfed with offices, which 
muft of courfe be beftowed on, people 
of their profeflHon ; whereas, the 
others can enjoy no reward, except a 
ihare of the property belonging to 
their mafter whom tney ferve; even 
this impofiibility ftrengthens my afie- 

< But waving that confideration, 
which would lead us into a moft in- 
tricate labyrinth, let us return to the 
pre-eminence which arms have over 
learning ; a point hitherto undecided, 
of fuch force are the reafons alledged 
on both fides of the quefVion ; one of 
which, in favour of the lafl, is, that 
without letters, the profeflion of arms 
could not be fupported, becaufe there 
are laws to which war itfelf is Tub- 
je6l^ and all laws fall within the 
province of letters and learned men. 
To this obfervation, the partizans 
of the other opinion reply, that no 
^W8 could be m^intaine,d without 
arms, which preferve the conftitution, 
defend kingdoms, guard cities, fcour 
the highways, and clear the Teas of 
piratical corfairs. In fhort, that with*, 
out arms, all republicks, kingdoms, 
Iponarchies, cities, journies by land, 
and voyages by fea, would be expofed 
to the horror and confufion that at- 
tend unbridled war, while it conti- 
tinues in all it*s licentious privilege 
and force. It is a general and efta- 
blifjied maxim, that every thing ought 
to be efteemed in proportion to what 
it coils. Now, to become eminent in 
letters, cofts the fludent much time, 
watching, hunger, nakednefs, vcr^ 
tigoes, indigestion, ami their con- 
iequences, which are in part men- 
tioned above; but, to acquire in a 

* regular manner the charafter of a good 
' foldier, a man mufl undergo all thefe 
' inconveniences in an incomparably 

* greater degree; becaufe he is every 

* moment in danger of loiing his life. 
« What fear of indigence and poverty 

< can feize and harrafs the f^udenfs ap- 

* preheniion, equal to that which muft 
*^ poflefs the foldier befieged in a for- 

* trefs, who being placed centinel of 

* guard in fome ravelin or cavalierf , 

* perceives the enemy at work under- 
« mining the very fpot whereon he 
« flands, without daring to flir from 

* his poft, or avoid the danger by which 

< he is fo imminently threatened ? All 

< he can do, is to give notice of what 

* paffes to his captain, who mufl en- 

* deavour to baffle the foe by fome coun-* 

* termine, while he remains upon the 

* place in terror and expectation of 

* being fuddenly whirled aloft into 

* the clouds without wings, and of 

* falling thence headlong into the pro- 

* found abyfs: if this danger Teems 

* inconfiderable, let us fee whether It 

* be equalled or exceeded in the grap- 

< pling of two gal lies, by their prows^ 

< in the midfl of the extended ocean ; 

* when they are locked and fattened 

< into each other, and the foldier hath 

< not an inch more than two feet of 

< the beak to (land upon, while he 
'* fees himfelf threatened and oppofed 

* by as many miniilers of death as 

< there are cannon in the enemy^s vef- 

* fel, and thefe within a fpear's length 

* of his body; and is fenfible, that if 

* his feet (hould chance to (lip, he 

* would inftantly vifit the profound 

* bofom of the fea j yet, neverthelefs, 

* with an intrepid heart, incited and 

< rranfported by honour, he bears the 

* brunt of their whole artillery, and 

< endeavours by that narrow paffage 

* to board the adverfe veffel s and, 

* what is very much to be admired, is» 

< that as foon as one falls, never to 

* rife again till the general refurre£lion» 

* another occupies his place, and 
' fhould he alio drop into the fea. 


♦ The literal trjinflation is, • For, from the ikirts-irfor I would not mention the 
f fleeves/ The Spaniards, inftead of the Englill) phr^fe, < By Hook or by Crook,* ufc this 
pf * From the flceves, or the fkirts j' derived from the pr^dtice* of taylors, who are fup- 
pofed to cabbage from thofe parts of the Ji a bit in which there is the greateft* quantity . 
pf cloth $ but the knight*s exception of lleeves, on this occafion, feems to have pro- 
ceeded from a fuppofition that poor fcholars are generally provided for in the church, and 
confequeotly wear cafTocks, which defcend to the heels. 

% Cavalier is an artificial mount raifed in a fortrefs for the convenience of fcouring a 
^14^ or o^pofing a con^qiiaodij^g \^ork of the enemy* 



9 whicliy like an enemy, gapes to de^ a man of ietteri, wag eniat^y if €i\i 

* voor him, another and another Hill knight* • opinion. 

< fucceedsi without the fmalleft inter* Supper being ended, and the table 
f mifiion ; an inftance of gallantry and uncovered, while the landlady, her 
« boldnefft the greateft to be found in daughter, and Mari tomes, were btrfi- . 

* all the extremities x>f war. Happy ed in fittine up the garret of I>on 

* were the ages paft, while ftrangera Quixote de I«a Mancha, in which it 

< to thofe infernal inftruments of ar^ was determined the three ladies ihould 
9 ttllery, the author of which is, I pafsthenightby themselves; Don For J 

* firmly believe, now in he)l, enjoying nando intreated the captive to recotint 
« the reward of his diabolical inven- the Itory of his life, which he ima^n- 
f tion, that puts it in the power of an ed muft be both uncommon and enter^ 
f infamous coward. to deprive the moft taining, from the fpecimen they had nl- 

< valiant cavalier of lifei for, often in ready feen, in his arriving thus eqtrip- 
f the heat of that courage and refolu- ped, in company with the fair Zorayda. 

* tion that fires and animates the gal- To this reqiie(l the ftranger anfwreredy 

* lant breaft, there comes a random that he would willingly obey his com^ 

< ball, how or from whence no man mand, though he was afraid the com pa* 

* can tell, (hot off, perhaps, by one ny would not find the relation to their 
f that fied, and was afraid at the liking } but, nevertheiefs, rather than 

* fla(h of his own accurfed machine, fail in point of obedience, he was ready 

* and, in an inftant, puts an end to to make it. The curate and whole 

* the fchcmes and exigence of a man company thanked him for his complat- 
f who deferved to live for ages. This fance, and joined in the requeft ^ and 

* very con ftderation makes me almoft befeeinghimfelf befought by foTnany^ 

< own, that I am forry for having faid there was no occaiion tor entrea- 

< cbofen this profeilion of a knight- ties, where they might fo e<fe6lually 

* errant in this deteftable agej for, command: ' l^end me your attention, 

* though DO danger can daunt my re- * therefore, and you fl>all hear a true 

< folution, it gives me ibhie nneaunefs * ftory, perhaps unequalled by thoie 

< to think that powder and (hot may ' fi6lions which are ufually adorned 

< deprive roe of the opportunity of * with all the curious and profouM 
« making myfelf famous and renown- * artiAce of compoTttion,' 

' ed through the whole globe, for the * At this preamble, all pcefept adjuft? 

* valour of my arm, and the keennefs ed and c^mpofed themf<:1ves; and he 

* of my fword : but, )et the will of perceiving the general (ilence in whicli 
*■ Heaven be fulfilled ! if I accomplifh they waited for the performance of hi% 

* my aim, 1 fliall be more efteemed, promife, began in this manner^ witU 

< becaufe I have faced more danger a grave and agreeable voice, 
« than ever was incurred by the knights- 

« errant in ages paft,* 

While the reft of the company were C H A p. XII, 
employed in eating, ihis long harangue 

was uttered by Don Quixote, who ne- in WHICH TBE captive RECOUNT! 

vcr thought of fwnilowjng a morfel j his hlFE and adventures. 
though Sancho frequently put him in 

mind of eating his lupper, obferving, * TN a' certain place among the moun^ 
tbat he would afterwards have time JL < tains of Leon, my family had 
enough to fay what he plcaied. The * it^s origin; more beholden to the li- 
heareis were moved with frefti con- * berality of nature than to the fmiles 
cern, at feeing a m^n who in every < of fortune: though, amidft the nar- 
pther iubjeft leemed to have a large * rownefs of cir^umftances,whichple- 
ihare of fenfe and difcernmcnt, lofe it ' vails in that country, my father had 
jb irrecoverably, whenever the dif- * the reputation of being rich, and 
courfc turned upon the curfed 'mif- * re'aily was fo, had he pofTcfTed the 
ehievous theme of chivalry. The cu- * art of preferving, as he pra^Ufed the 
rate obferved, that there was a great * means of fpending his eftate. This 
deal of reafon in what he had advan- * liberal and profufe difpofition waa 
ced in favour of arms; and that he * owing to bis having been a foldier 
|)if|ifclf^though a gradudte^confequently < in l^is youth ; the army being a fchool 

* in 

.SON Qtrixore* 


* in which the mifer becames generovs, 
« ;ind the benevolent man grows pro- 

* digal} for a covetous (oldier 1$ a 

* roonfter which is rarely feen. My 

* father ei^ceeded the bounds of iibe- 

* raiity, 9nd bordered upon thofe of 
' prodigality s a difpofition «>f very 

* little fervi^e to a married man who 

* has children to fucceed him in rank 

* as well as name: and he had no lefs 

* than threes all of them Tons, already 
' at an age to chufe for tfaemfelves. 

* The old gentleman finding it impof- 
< fible, as be faid, to refift the bent of 

* his inclination* was refolved to de- 

* prive himfelf of the means that hi - 
' duced and enabled him to ())end fo 

* laviffily, by giving up his eftate ; 

* as without money Alexander himfelf 
' muft have feemed frugal. 

* One day, therefore, calling us 

* all three together into his cham- 

* ber, he delivered himfelf in thefe or 

* the like words : <* Sons, to fay I 
*« loyc you, is no more than to fay 
" and know you are my own children) 
^* though it would feem that I do not 
** love you, by my fquandering away 
** the fortune which is your due. But 
** that you may be henceforth con- 
** vinced that I love you like a true 
•« parent, rather than feek your de- 
*• iiru^ion like a ftep-father, I am re- 
** folved to execute a plan which I 
'^ have formed a good while ago, and 
'< digefted with the moft mature deli- 
" beration. You arc now of an age 
*• to chufe fettlemcnts for yourfelvcs, 
** or at Uaft to pitch upon employments 
«• which, in your riper years, may 
<* conduce to your honour and ad- 
*' vantage. My intention is to divide 
*^ my eftate into four equal parts, 
*' three of which you (hall receive 
*< anru>ng you, in equal fhares, without 
** the leait difference or diftin^lion; 
** and the fourth I will rcfervc for my 
** own fuftenance and fupport, while 
** Heaven will be pleafed \o protradl 
*' the days of my life. But after you 
** have received your ponions, I (hould 
** be glad to find you inclined to fol- 
** low the paths which I (hall propofe. 
** We have a iaying in Spain, which 
** I believe is very true, as indeed all 
•« proverbs are, becaufe they are fhort 
** Sentences di6^ated by long and fage 
** experience ; that which I mean, 
<' contains no more than thefe words: 
*' The church, the court;, or the fea j'* 

as if it more fully ejtpref!^ the fol^ 

lowing advice," He that would maktf 
his fortune, ought either to dedicato 
his time to the church, go to fea as 
a merchant, or attach himfelf to th« 
court j'^ for it is commonly obierved 
that, ** The king's crumb is worth 
the baron's batch." This I men- 
t'tv'in, becaufe I wifli and defii'e that 
one of you would follow letters^ 
another merchandize, and a third 
ferve his fovereign in the field, iince 
it is difficult to obtain an office at 
court : and, although much wealth 
cannot be expefted, there is a great 
deal of valour and reputation to he 
acquired in war. In eight days I 
will give each of you his fhare, in 
ready-money, without defrauding 
you of one farthing, as you will fee 
l>y my diflribution. Tell me, there- 
fore, if you are willing to follow 
my advice in what Ihave propofedT* 
faid my father, addreifing himfelf to 
me as the eldefl. After having dif* 
fuaded him from parting with his 
ettate, and defired him to fpend as 
much of it as be pleafed, obferving^ 
that we were young men, and capable 
of making our own fortunes, I con- 
cluded with faying, I would obey hit 
will, and for my own part, chufe to 
ferv^ God and my king, in adhering 
to the exercife of arms. My fecond 
brother made the fame offer, propo- 
iing to fet fail for the Indies, and 
employ his ftock of ready money in 
traHick. The youngeft, and I believe 
the wifeft, faid he would qualify 
himfelf for the church, by going and 
(inifhing his iiudies at Salamanca. 
< We having thus agreed in the choice 
of our different employments, our fa- 
ther embraced us all affeflionately, and 
within the time he had propofed, per- 
formed his promife of givmg us our 
portions, which to the befV of mv re» 
membrance amounted to three thou- 
fand ducats each^ for an uncle of 
ours paid ready- money for the whole 
eiiate, that it might not be alienated 
from the family. In oue day, all 
thiee took leave of our worthy father, 
when I, thinking it a piece of inhu- 
manity to leave him fo Uraitened in bis 
old age, prevailed upon him to accept 
two Uioufand of the three I had re- 
ceived, as the remainder was fuffi* 
cient to accommodate me with all the 
Dccefiaries of a ibldier. Each oi' my 

* brothersi 



brothers^ induced by my example, 
gave him back one- third of their 
mare8y fo that he remained poflefled 
of four thoufand ducats in cafh, 
and the value of three thoufand more 
in land, which he did not chufe to 
fell* At length, I fay, we took 
leave of him, and that uncle whom I 
have mentioned, not without great 
concern and many tears on all ndes ; 
they charging us to feize every op- 
portunity of making th^m acquainted 
with our adventures, either in prof- 
perity or adveriity. Having given 
this promife, and received their em- 
braces and blefling, one took the 
road to Salamanca, another went to 
Seville, and I fetout for Alicant, 
where I underftood there was a (hip 
taking in a lading of wool for Genoa. 
Two and twenty years are now 
elapfed iince I left my father's houfe ; 
and during all that time, though I 
have written feveral letters, I never 
received the leaft information con- 
cerning him or my brothers. What 
hath happened to myfelf within that 
period, 1 will now briefly relate. 
< Embarking at Alicant, I had a 
favourable paflage to Genoa, from 
whence I went to Milan, where I 
provided myfelf with arms and fome 
gay military furniture. Then I de- 
parted for Piedmont, with a refolu- 
tion of inlifting in the fervice ; and 
being upon the road to Alexandria 
de la Paglia, was informed that the 
great duke of Alva was on his march 
into Flanders* Upon receiving this 
intimation, I changed my defign, at- 
tended him to the Low Countrfes,' 
ferved in all his campaigns, and was 
prefent at the death of the counts 
Egmont and Horn. There I ob- 
tamed an enfign's commiflion in the 
company of a famous captain of 
Guadalajara, whole name was Die- 
go de Urbina : but, after I had been 
fome time in Flanders, the news ar- • 
rived of the league between his holi- 
nefs Pope Pius the fifth of happy 
memory, and the Spanifh monarchy, 
againft their common enemy the ' 
Turk, who about that time had, by 
means of his fleet, made aconqueft 
of the famous ifland of Cyrus, which 
was under the dominion of the Ve- ' 
netians ; a mod lamentable and un- 
fortunate lofs. It was certainly 
known that the moft ferene Pon John 

of Auftria, natural brotlier ts Mt 
good king Philip, was to be general 
of this league) and thevaft prepara<' 
tions for this war were publickly re- 
ported. All thefe rumours railed 
and excited within me the defire and 
refolution of being prefent in a 
campaign of fuch expe£btion; and 
though I had ftrong hopes, and in- 
deed certain promifes, of bein^ pro- 
moted to the rank of a captain as 
foon as a vacancy fliould happen , I 
chofe to quit that profpe6V, and go, 
as I actually did, to Italy; and 
luckilv for me, Don Johnof Auftria 
^vas then at Genoa, juft going to 
embark for Naples, in order to join 
the Venetian neet, which he after- 
wards found at Me/fina. In fliort^ I 
ferved in that moft happy campai^, 
and was advanced to the rank, of 
captain of foot, which honourable 
poft I obtained more by good fortune 
than merit; and that day which vras 
fo fortunate for Chrillendom, on 
which the world was convinced of 
the error they had efpoufed in be- 
lieving the Turks invincible by lea 5 
on that day, I fay, when the Otto- 
man pride and infolence were humbled 
and broke ; among fo many happy 
Chriltians there prefent, •(and Aire 
thofe who fell were happier than the 
living vt£lors 1) I alone was unfor- 
tunate ; for, inftead of*^ receiving 
a naval crown, which would have 
been my reward, had I lived in the 
Roman ages, on the night that fuc- 
ceeded that glorious day, I found 
myfelf a captive loaded with chains I 
And this was the caufe of my misfor- 
tune : Uchali, king of Algiers, a 
bold and fortunate corfair, having 
attacked and maftered the capitan 
galley of Malta, in which there re- 
mained only three knights alive, and 
thefe deljperately wounded ; the vefllet 
commanded by John Andrea Doria, 
in which my company was (lationed, 
haflened to her relief, and I doing 
my duty on that occafion, leaped 
into the enemy*s flilp, which dif- 
engaging herfelf immediately from 
our galley, that was grappled with 
her, my foldiers were prevented from 
following their oflicer, and I found 
myfelf alone among my foes, whom, 
by reafbn of their numbers, I conld 
not refift ; therefore was obliged to 
fubmit^ after having been almoft 

' covered 


22 J 

* towtad oyer with Wounds j and 
Uehaliy as you have heard^gendemeiiy 
haying fayed himfelf with his whole 
fquadron, I remained his prifonei", 
the only fad pdpfon amidft the general 
joy, and capciye among fo many that 
were iet free 4 for full fifteen theu- 
iand Chriftians who came into this 
a^ion chained to the '^Turkiih oars» 
that day recoyered their long wiflied 
for liberty. 

' I was carried to Conftantinople> 
where Selimi the grand Turk, created 
my mafter general of the fea, for hay- 
ing done his duty in the battle, and 
as a proof of his valour brought off 
the high Ihmdard of Maha. NeiCt 
year, which was thatof feventy-rwo, 
I rowed in the capitan galley of the 
Three Lanthoms, at Nayaritto, where 
I law and obferved theChriftians lofe 
the oppcHTtunity of talcing the whole 
Turkish fleet in the haroouri for^ 
all the Levantines and Janiflaries be- 
longing to it laid their account with 
being attacked in port, and had ac- 
tually got in readtnefs their knapfacks 
and pauamaques, (which are a kind of 
(hoes.) in order to go on ihorei and 
leek their fafety in flight, without 
waiting for the aflaults fuchwasthe 
confter«atibh that prevailed among 
them ! But Heaven ordained things to 
happen in another manner: not through 
any error or negle6l of the general 
who commanded the expedition, but 
on account of the fins of Chriftendom; 
it isreing the will and permiflion of 
God, that we fliould never want execu- 
tioners tochaftife ua. In ihort, Uchali 
retreated to Modon, which is an 
ifiand almoft contiguous to Navarino, 
where he difembarked his men, forti- 
fied the mouth of the harbour, and 
remained until Don John i*et fail on his 
return. In this expedition, the gal* 
ley called the Prize, commanded by a 
fonof thf famous corfair BarbaroflTa, 
was tak<;n by the capitan galley of Na- 
ples called the She- wolf, the comman- 
der of which was that thunderbolt of 
war, that father of his foldiers, that 
fortunate and invincible chief, Don 
Alvaro de Bafan, marquis of Santa 
Cru2 : and I cannot help mentioning 
what happened at the taking of this 
priae. The foa of ^.j^ibaroHa was fo 
cruel, and treated hii» .captives fo in- 

< humanly, that when the rowers per- 

* ceived the She- wolf ready to board, 

* ^nd in a fair way of taking her, they 

< quitted their oars all at once, and 

* ieiaing the captain, who flood upon 

< the flrentr^l*, calling to them to 

< row luitily, they tofled him forwarda 

* from bench to blench, and bit him To 

* feverely as he went along, that before 

< he palfed the main -mafl, his foulpar« 

* fed into heH. Such was his barba* 

* rity, as I have already obferved, and 

< fuch the revenge which their hatred 

< to him infpired 1 

* We returned to Conftantinonle ) 

* and during the following year, which 

< was feven^-three, underftood that 

* Don John had taken Tunis, wrefted 

* that whole kingdom from the Turks, 
' and put Muley Hamet in pofieiUoa 

* of the whole { thus cutting off all 

* the hopes of a reftoration from Muleir 

* Hamida, the moft valiant and more 

* cruel Moor of his time. The grand 
' ilgnior was deeply afFe6led with hia 

< lofs,andpra£lifing thatfagacity whicia 

* is peculiar to all thofe of his family, 

* clapped up a peace with the Vene« 

* tians, who were much more defiroui 

* of it than he. Next year, being fe« 
' venty-four, he attacked the goleta 

* and fort, which Don John had left 

* half-flni/hed, near Tunis 1 and on 

* all thefe occafions I was prefent, 

* being tied to the oar, without the 
' leaft hope of freedom, efpecially by 

* ranfom $ for, I was refolved not to 
9 write to my father an account of my 

* misfortune. At length, the goleta 

* and fort were both loft, haying been 

* befieged by feventy-five thoufand 
' Turkifli foldiers, regulaiiy paid, and 

* upwards of four hundred thoufand 

* Moors and Arabs from the other 

* parts of Africa ; this multitude be 

' ing provided with a vaft quantity of 

* warlike ftores and ammunition, and 

* attended with fuch a number of pio* 

< neers, that, by throwing handfuls of 

* earth, they might have covered both 
' the places they came to befiege. The 

* goleta, which had been counted im« 

< pregnable, was firft taken} not through 

* any fault of the befieged, whoperform« 

< ed all that men could do in it's de« 

< fence, but becaufe experience (hewed 

* that trenches could be made with eaitl 

* in that loofe fand, lender whicb« 

* The fteotrel, 9t^ftanterol|. Is t poft that fof ports iae awoing of the poop. 

F £ 



AOH <usix9frms. 

* thmigli water wat commonly found 

* at the depth of two fpass, the TuriLa» 

< at that time, ^ug as many fathom a, 

* without Boding one drop ^ and To fill- 

< ing a vaft number of £ick8, raifed 

< their works ^ high aa to overlook the 
^ fort I then mounting thia cavalier 

* with cannon, kept iuch a fixing as 

< rendered it impofiiblefor the gam(bn 

< to make any lon^ defence. It was 
'^ a common opinion, that our troops 
« ought not to have diut themfelves up 

< in tlie goleta« but oppofed the dilem* 

* barkation in the plain; however, 

< thoft who uUl in that manner, fpeak 

* at random, and muft be perrons. of 

* ikiaU experience in fuch affairs ^ for, 

* if the whole garrifosi in both places 
' Icavce anu>uitted to icven tboufand 
^. foldiert , how could £och a fmall num- 

* bar, Uioiu(h£vei'i4^ valiant, take the 

* field> and at the fame time defend 
> * the forts, againik fuch a multitude 

f iof foes ? And bow could tke forts be 

* pofldbly maintained without fupplies> 
f in an enem/a country, when they 

< were bemmed in by fuch a nuniecoua 

< and obftinate army? i^ut others 
f thought, anfi I am of the fame opi- 

< nion, that Heaven manifefted a paiti* 
^ cular grace and favour to Spain, in 

< permitting them t^ deftroy that ren- 

< dezvous and pijettnce or mifchkf, 

* that iinl^, (pu^^e, and devourer of »n- 

* finite £am» or mon^y, which were 
« there ttspK>fitabiyipent« without ferv- 
f ing any other pwpofe than that of 
s prefefving the mei^ory of it's being 

< the moft b^ppy co^queft of the in* 
« vincible Charlies the Fiftb: as if it was 
s necefTary for thoie ftones to fupport 

< bis fame, which is already immoitaL 
« T^ fort w^is alfo ylelflqd« though the 
« Turks wDOjit by inches; tot the gar- 

* rifiw beh«Yc^ ^i^h fuch i^allantry 
it and refoiutjon, that in two ajad twenty 
s general a^aultfi, the enemy loll up- 
s wards of twenty^se thouiand men $ 
a and of the three tiupdi ed Spaniih foU 
f diei^sthat remained alive, they did not 
f make one prifoner who )iad not been 

< wounded during the fi^g^ : a .clear 

< and certain .proof of the obftinate, va- 

< laixr with which the jrfaces werei de- 
\ fendad. A fmall fort, or tower, 

* that ftopd in the middle of the lake, 
{ under the ^mmand of Don Juan 
' 2<anoguera,/ a Valentian knight and 
^ celebrated foldier, furrendered upon 

* terms t biil» i>9& Pedro Pucvtocas* 

serQ| ^wefal of fhe goMa, aass 4MmI| 
pnwner ; and though he did all tiiA 
man could do in deTence.of the places 
he was fo deep&y affeded by the feft 
of it, that be died of grief ontfaeaDad 
to Conftanttm^ple, whither they weft 
carrying him captive. The gcnend 
of the rort, whow name was Gabrio 
Cerbellon, a Milanefe eentlensaa, a 
great engineer, and excellent foktier, 
was likewife taken priUbner ; .and in 
tbefe two forts peci(hcd many parfons 
of note» among whom was one- Pagan 
d'Orio, a knight of St. John, a pn- 
tleman of a moft generous difpofition, 
as appeared from his exceiEve Hbc- 
ralitv. to his brother the famoas Juan 
Amurea d*Oria| and what made his 
death ftiU more lamentable, waa, diat 
be periiwd by the hands of ibme 
Arabs, to whom, feeing the fiovt al- 
ready loft, bctrufted hii]iielf,.selying 
upon their promife to cakry him di f- 
guifed in a Moorifli drefs, to Tabar- 
ea, which is a finallportoriettlement 
belonging to the Genoefe, who fiih 
ibr coral on that part of the coaft; 
but thoiGs perMious Arabs cut off 
his head, which tbev carried to the 
geatral of the Turkifti navy, who 
fulfilled upon them oar CaftHian pro- 
verb, vidiich imports, that thoisgh we 
love the treafbn, we abhor the traitor^ 
for it waa xeportcd, that he otdeitd 
them all to be hanged, becaufe they 
had not brought him alive* 
' Among the Chriftians vrho were 
taken in the fort, vmit one Don Pedro 
de Aguilar, a native of fome town in 
Andaloufia, who had been an enfign 
in the garniba, a Ibldier of great 
woith and lare endowments, particu- 
larly UeiTed with a happy talent for 
poetry. This circumftance I man* 
%vm, beeauib it was bis isle to belong 
to oor gaUey, where he was my com- 
panion aa the oar, and fellow-ilave f 
and before we departed from that 
hArbour, be compoM two fonga, by 
way of epitaph upon the goteta and the 
fort. As I have them lK>th by heart, 
I believe it will not be difiigrenbia to 
the company if I repeat them.^ 
When the captive mentioned Don 
Pedro de Aguilar, Don Fernando 
looked at his companions, whofiniled^ 
and when the flvanger was going to re- 
peat the fonga, one of the three &id to 
nim, * BefiDre you proceed, I b^^^ the 
* favour to knoW wiiat became of that 

s x)on 



i^Dtfn P«dra it :AgttUarr<-< All 
' that I know of the matter,* replied 
the captive, * is, that. after having 
^ ftai<lr two years at Conftantinopk, 
^ ht made off in the habit of an ar- 
naat *, with a Greek fpy t but I do 
not know whether or not be obtained 
his liberty, though i believe he Aic- 
ceedfld} for about a year after, I 
faw the ikme Greek at Conftami* 
nopie; but I had not an opportu- 
nity to enquire about the fuccefs of 
their fcheme.'-— < Then I can fatis- 
fy you in tha( particular/ refuroed 
the cavalier { * Bon Pedro is my bro- 
ther, and now lives at home, in 
food health and eafy circumftaaces, 
lefled with a wife a|id three hope- 
ful fons.' V Thanks be to God 

for the great mercies beftowed upon 
himi* an Iwered the captive I <for, in 
my opinion, there is no happinefs 
on earth equal to that of liberty - 
regained/—* Beildes,^ faid the gen- 
tleman, * I r«tain in my memory the 
fongs which my brother compofed/-* 
Be fo good, then,* replied the ftranger, 
as to entertain the company with 
them ; for, doubtle&, you can repeat 
them more peife^^ly than I can.*— • 
. Withidl my heart,* (kid the cavalier; 
< that upon the goleta runs thus* 





♦« '\^E happy fl|a<ie3, \rHQfe. deeds re^ 
X ** nown*d 

** Have freed yoy from ^cumb*riog d^ } 
<< From this low fcene, where woes abound^ 

<* Afc&nding to eternal day. 


f « With glorioQS zeal your Motn9 glow'd, 
** Vour bodies bray*d exceitive toil ; 

i< Your blood with that of Pagans AowM, 
«< To drench the hoftilc, barren foiK 


*< Your lives, but not your courage, faird j 
« Death fealM your juftfVi^loiious claim: 
•'^Fijjoy, ftill honourM and bewaiTd, 
* ** Immortal happinefs and fame.* 

• Theft are the very words which I 
* remember,' faid the captive. * And 
5 if my memory does not fail me,* re- 

plied thcd^endemas, < the other upon' 

I. ' 

'*T O! from yon rains on the defiut 
«« plain, 
^ Opprefii'd with numbers, in th* un-' 
« eq^nal fight^ 
'* Three thoufand fouls of ChriAias war-' 
<< rlors flain^ 
•< To happier regions, wing*d their jey^ 
** o«s flight* 

** Yet not before in run they had eflaj*i 

• << The force and ^gour of their daisflt* 

^ iefs arms j 
*f Till wearied and reduced, though undi£* 
" may*d, 
^ They welcomM death* ejicompafs*d 
«< ich a larms. . 


•« On Afrk's coaft, as rccocda tell* 
« The fcene of paft and preiebt wosSi 

<< More valiant bodies sever fell, 
*' More fpotlefs fpirits never rofe.** 

- TTie foflgs were not dlfliked; at(f 
the captive rejoicing at the good for- 
tune of his comrade, proceeded thus in 
his narration.' 
« The goleta and forts being taken, 

• the Tnrks ordered the fitft to be dtf- 
« mantled, the other being quite de- 
« moliftied before it was furrendered | 

• and that this might be done with the 
•• Iefs trouble, and greater diCpatch, ii 

• was undermined in three parts ; but 
« they could by *no means blow up» 

< the old walls, which feemed to be 
' the weakeft part, while that which 
« was executed by Fratin, was de- 
« ftroyed with great facility. In fliort, 

• the viftorious fleet returned in 

• triumph to Conftantinople, where, 

• in a few months, happened the death 

< of my mafJer Uijhali, who went by 
« the name of Uchali Partax, which, 
« in the language of that country, 

< fignrfies the Scabby Renegado j for 

< fuchi he aduaily was, and it is a 

• cuilom among the Turks, to beftow 
^ epithets upon people, derived either 

< from ibme dewS or virtue inherent 

• in them : this method ihey praftife, 

• beca«fe they have but four families 
« diftinguilhed by particular names, 
<*and thefe are defccnded from the 

• houfe of Ottoman ; fo that the refl, 

• as I have obferved, adopt fome ap- 

< pellatton, either from the blemiihe« 

• A Palmatiaa trooper* 




DON eyjixon**^- 

of the body^ dt the virtQev of the 
raiad. ThU leper, therefore^ tugged 
at the oar^ dariiig fourteen years, 
at ^ave to the grand fignior ; and 
when he was turned of tnirty-four, 
apo(latised» out of refentntent againft 
a Turki who ftniek him at the oar \ 
Teflooneing hie religion, that he 
might be able to revenge the affront. 
Such was hit gallantry and eondu^, 
that without pra£^ifing thofe vile 
fteps and methods by which the 
fultan*s favourites are railed , he' 
waa promoted to the throne of At - 
giers, and afterwards created' gene- 
ral at fea, which is the third poft iti 
the empire. He was a native of 
Calabria, a man of ^opd morals, 
and behaved with great humanity 
to his (laves, who, to the number of 
three thoufimd, were at his death,' 
in confequence of his laft will, divi- 
ded between his renegadoes and the 
grand fignior, who is alfo coheir with 
the children of all his deceafed fub<< 
]t&.%, J fell to the ihare of a Vene* 
tian, who had been a common failor 
when he was taken ; and Uchali 
had fttch an afie^lign for him, that 
he enjoyed the greateft ihaie of his 
favour, and became the moft cruel 
renegado that ever was known. This 
man, whofe name was Azanaga, 
acquired great riches, and even fuc-* 
ceeded to the crown of AIric, to 
which place I accQimpanied him from 
Conftantlnople, with fome degree of 
fatisfa^ion, at the thoughts of beins 
fo n^ar my owp country j i^ot that 1 
inteqded to fend home an account of 
my unhappy fate, b^t tp fee if 
fortune would not proye more fa-« 
vourable at Algiers than at Coniianti- 
nople, where 1 had laid atho^iiand 
fchemesfor n^y efcape, without hav- 
ing an opportunity of putting one of 
them in execution s but I was in 
hope of findipg at Algi^^ fomo 
other tnore e(}e^ual means ojf obtain- 
sing that which I fq ardently deQred : 
for the hojpt of gaining (ny liberty 
never foribok my breaft; .on the 
contrary, whep all my pains, efforts, 
and expe6lations mifqai-ri^d j far from 
abandoning ipyfeif to defpair, I en- 
deavoured to find out fome new ex- 
pedient, which though everfo frail and 
unfubftanttal, fervec) to fupport niy 
fpints^ and flatter my imagination. 

Thus r made ihift to \he withht « 
houfe or prifen, called a bath, in 
which the Turks confine theChriftian 
captives, whether belohgfng to the 
king, or private perfons, or of that 
clafs which they call magaeine- 
llaves ; theie are the captives of the 
council, who (trvt the Rate m pub- 
lick works, and other kinds of day- 
labour 9 and find great difficulty in 
obtainrng' their freedom, becaufe 
they belong to the community, and 
have no particular mafterwiih whom 
they can treat concerning their ran^ 
ibm, even though they can command 
money for > the parpofe. 
* In thefe baths, as I have already 
faid, fome- private perlbns lodge 
their (laves, efpecialty v^hen their 
ranfom is agreed upon; and there 
they remain leciHv, and at their eafe,^ 
until it arrives. Neitber do the king's 
captives, who are to be ranfomoi, 
go out to work with the reft of the 
crew, except when the money is de- 
layed ] and then, that they may foe 
induced to write with more impor-! 
tunity, they are fent out with the reft 
to cut wood^ an office of no fmall 
mortification and toil. As they knew 
I had been a captain, I in vain 
aflured them, that. I had neidier io- 
tereft nor money j they put roe into 
the number of tho^ who we^e to be 
ranfbmed, loading me with a chain, 
rather |o 4cnQte my condition tbai^ 
to fecure piy pe^fou ) fothftt I /pent 
my timeln that. bath, among a great 
many cavaliers and people off afhion, 
who were thus marked and defigned 
forranfomj and though we were fome- 
times, nay, almoft always expofed 
to hunger and nakednefs, nothing 
gave us fo much pain, as to hear and 
fee, upon every occafion, the new 
aiid unheard-of cruelties which my 
mailer exercifed upon the Chviftians. 
He was eveiy day hanging ^ne, im^ 
paJing another-, maiming a third, 
upon fuch flight occafionsi frequently 
without any caufe affigned, that th^ 
Turks themfelves ovimed he a£led 
thus out of mere wantonnefs of bar^; 
barity, as being nat^irally pf a favage 
difpofitioh, and an inveterate enemy 
to the whole huinan race. The per- 
fon who ufed the greeted freedom 
lyith him ws^$ ^ $panifh foldic^, 
called fuch-a-ooe deSaavedrajVho, 

^ though 



' iliwish he did manf things which 
thof(f*people will not foon forget, in 
attempting to regain his liberty, he 
' never gave ' him one blow, nor or- 
dered him once to be chafttfed, nor 
even chid him with one hafty word ; 
and yet the leaft of slil his pranks 
was fufficient, as we thought, to 
bring him to the ftake : nay, he 
himfelf was more than once afraid 
of being impaied alive.- If time 
would permit, I could here recount 
fome of that foldier^s a6lions, which, 
perhaps, might ento'tain and fur- 
phzB you more than the relation of 
my own ftory. 

* But to return to the thread of my 
narration t juft over the yard of our 
prifon were the windows of a rich 
and principal Moor { but, according 
to the cuiiom of the country, they 
were rather like peep*holes than win- 
dows, and even thele covered with 
very thick and clofe lattices. One * 
day I chanced to be on the terrace of 
our gaolyWtththi'eeof my companions, ' 
pafiing the time in trying which of 
us could leap faitheft in our (hack- 
les, the reft of the Chrittians being 
gone out to work{ I cafually lifted ' 
up my eyes, and perceived a cane 
with a handkerchief tied to it, held 
out at thefe little openings I have 
mentioned^ and waving to and fro, 
as if by way of iignal h)r fi>me of us 
to go and catch it. This objefl was 
no fooner obferved, than one of my 
companions ran hafttly to the place 
that was ditcGkiy under it, to lee if 
the cane would be dropped, or what 
would be the confequence ; but when 
he arrived it was pulled up, and 
moved from one fide to another, as if 
a man Ihould iignify his diflent from 
any propofal, by (baking his head : 
when the Chriftian returned^ the cane 
was Ipwensd again, with the fame 
motion as at iirit, upon which an- 
other of our company tiied the ex pe- 
riment, but fucceeded no better than 
thefirft$ a third vftntf apd mifcar- 
ried like the other two, Oblerving 
their difappointment, I was refolved 
to try my foctune alio; accordingly, 
I had no fooner placed my felf under 
the cane, than it was dropped, and 
fell down within the bathi JM^t at my 
fe^t. I ffiatched it up immediately, 
and ufttied the handkerchief, in 

f which I f<n>n4 ^ }/M9t CQnt»iain|; teit 


2iapiys , which are pieces of bad gold,' 
cutTent among the Moors, each of 
them valued at ten Hals of our money. 
It would be fuperfluous to fay that I 
rejoiced at this windfall : indeed, my 
joy was equal to my fui'prize ; for I' 
could not conceive from whence that 
prefent could come, efpecially to me^ 
the circuniftance of the cane^s being 
refufed to every other perfon plainly 
(hewing that the favour was intended 
for me. I pocketed this lucky fum^ 
broke thecane, returned to the terrace, 
and looked at the window, through 
which appeared a very white band, 
that opened the lattice, and haftily 
(hut it again : from this circumftance 
we Underftood, or at leaft imagined, 
that we owed the prefent to fome lady 
who lived in that houfe ; and, in ' 
token of thanks-, made our obeifancc 
in the Mooriih manner, by bowing' 
the head, bending the body, and 
crofting the hands upon the breaft. 
Soon after this ceremony, a fmall 
crofs made of cane, was held out at ' 
the window, and immediately with- 
drawn : a fignal which con(irmed ua 
in the opinion^ that we were be*' 
friended by fome Chriftian woman, 
who lived as a Have in that houfe $ 
but this fuppolitiou was. changed, 
when we refle^led upon the whitenefs 
of the hand, and the bracelets which 
we had perceived; and then we 
concluded that (he muft be one of 
tbofe Chriftian renegades whom their 
matters frequently take to wife, and 
even think themfelves fortunate in 
having fuch an opportunity ; fer they 
efteem them much more than the 
women of their own nation. But all 
our conjectures were wide of the truth. 
* From this day forward, our whole 
entertainment was to gaze at the win- 
dow, as the north in which the ftar 
of the cane had appeared j but full 
fifteen days elapfed, before we had 
another glimpfe either of that or the 
hand, or indeed of any other (ignal ; 
and during this interval, though we 
endeavoured by all the means in our 
power to learn who lived in that 
houfe, and whether or not there was a 
Chriftian renegado in it, we never 
could get any other information, but 
that it belonged to a rich Moor of 
great note, called Agimorato, who 
had been alcaide of Pata, an ofHce 
0/ ip^af lionour amonj; that people; 

5 ^^h 



« Imt, wlien we lesft czpefied aaotber 

* ihower of sianWtj the cane re- 

* appeared all of a fuddeay with 
« another handkerchief, and a largp^r 

* knot than before | and this occurrence 

* happened as formerly, when none but 

* ovriUves were in the bath : we made 

* the uiaal experiment, each of my three 

* companions, going towards it as at 
4 firft without AicceCs, until I approach* 

i edy and then it was immediately 
' dropped. I untied ihe knot, within 

< nkbicb I found forty ciowas in Spa« 

* niih gold, and a paper written in 

* Arabian chara£lers, with a large croTs 
« at the head of the page* I kifled the 

* fecred Egn, put up the money, n- 
*' tucped to the terrace, where we made 

* our obeifancc) the band appearing 
« again, I made figns that I ihould read 

* the letter, and then the window was 

* ihut. We were equally pleafed and 

* perplexed at this event, for none of 
' usunderftood Arabick) and although 

* our impatience to know the contents 

* of the paper was very great, the di£- ' 

< culty of finding an interpreter was 
« iiiU gres^er. At length 1 determined 
' to Uvki\ a renegade, a native of Mur- 

* c>a, who had profefled htinielf my 

* flies d, and given me fuch pledges of 
' his fidelity, as obliged him to keep 

< any fecret I ihould think prosier lo 

* impart : for th^ife renegades who in- 

* tepd to return to Chritlendom, ufuaily 

* carry about wUh them certiikates 

* figned by the principal captives, at- 

* teiting in the moft 9n»p(e form they 

* 'can devife, that liuh a renegade is an 

* honeft man> who hath always been 

* 4>bllgiiig lo the Chriftisns, and is de- 

* lirous of making bis efcape with the 

* $rA opportunity. Some there are who ' 
^ procure thefe testimonials with a good 

* intention, others uie them occafion-, 
^ ally J as the in ilr undents of ^beir 
^ craft t for, going to rob and plunder 

* on the Chriltian coa$8» if they diould 
' chance to be fiiipwrecked or taken, 
' they produce their certificates, andob- 

* ferve that tbefe papers will ihew the 

* real d^fign of their coming oa a 

* cruize with Turks, which was no 
f other than to take the fir ft occafion of 
^ returning to their native countrv ^ by 
' thei'e means they eicape the firft fury 
*■ of refentment, and are reconciled to 

* the church witbout Aiflfering the leaft 
'damage^ jsut when they fee their op- 
< poriunity, they Return to 9vbaiy» 

'and re-afliNna liMir ftivrtr w*f of 

* life I whereaa> thoft whd praeue te> 

* commeadatiotts with a good defign* 
' flsake ufe cC tbcai accardiagly* and 

* rematn in peaoe amoag the Chrifttans. 

< Such a roiepado w^ this friend, 

< whe had obtained certifieates Ikon alf 

* ny companions,' conceived in the 
' ilrofigeft terms of conMence and ap* 

* plaiiie) for which^ had he been de- 

* itAed* the Moors woald have bamcd 

* him alive. I knew thar he coal<f 

* both fpeak and write the Arabtaiv 

* tongue s bur, before I would difcktfe 

* the whole a^ir, I deiired him to rea(f 

* that paper, which I. had found by 

* chs^iinacorarrof my eahbin. lie 

* opeaed it accordingly, and having^ 

* pored and perufed it a good while, 

* muttering between his teeth, I aiked 

* if he underftood the. contenta. He 

* aafwered in the aftnaative, bidding 

* me, if I chafe to have the Ufieeal mcan- 

* ing, fumifti him with pen and ink, 

< that he might tranflste it the more ea- 

* adlyw 1 accordingly acco irtwo d a t e d 

< him with what he delinx); and whan 
' he had made an end of the Cianfta- 
' tion at Ina own lei litre, he find, ** This 
<« that I have wtittea in Spaatdi if the 
** Itterai aaeaning of that Moorilh ua^ 
'* per; and you are to take natfce, wat 
'* wherefoevar you meet with the worda 
**. Lela Marten, they fignify aar Lady 
«< the Bleifid Virgin.** 

' The paper contained thci^ words— « 
« When I wata<chtld,j«y father liad a 
" woman Aave, who, in my own hn- 
'* guage> taught me the ChriHian wor- 
'^ Diip, and toM -nte divers things of 
'< Lela Marien. This Chri^ian died« 
** and I anr fure her |«ui did net go tQ 
« the fire, bat to Ala ; fdr I faw her 
*^ twice after her death, and flie advifed 
<' me to go to the land of the ChrilH- 
*< ans, where I fliould fee JLela MArien, 
<* by whom I 'was bek)ved. I know 

' ** not «4tich way to gO} many^ Chrif- 
<< ttans I have feen from this window, 
<* but not one who feems to much a 
" gentleman as yourf^if. 1 -am very 
" beantifol and young, and have a great 
** deal of money ii^ my pofllelBon. If 
'( thou canfl find out any ndethod of 
'* carrying me to thy coontry, thou 
*^ Oialt there be my hufbandi if thou 
<( art fo inclined $ but, if that be con- 
** trary to thy inclination, I fliall not 

' *< be uneafy, for Lela Marien will pro* 
^< videme With a^ponie* Iwrite^hts 

« with 

BON (i^ixors. 


^ iM^thflijrowiiiMndls letnobody r«ad 
'^ it, bttt'fnck ss you 011 trtfft. Be- 
<< ware of the Moort» for they ave al- 
<* together deceitful; therefore I am 
9* very much eonebmed, fbr I w^uld 
^ not have k difclefed to any perfbn 
*< whatever) %«€aufey if it (hould come 
^ to my father^s eara^ he wouM inftant- 
^'^ ly cauib me t<) he funk in a weH, and 
** covered with ftonea. I will faften a 
*** thread to the caae, to which thou 
"•* mayeft tie thiite anfwer 5 and if thou 
** hai not a proper perfon to write for 
^ thee in Arabick, let me know by 
^* iigns$ for Leia Marien will help me 
^' to ttnderftand them. May fiie and 
*• Ala preferve thee, by means of this 
^ croisy which J often kifs, accord- 
^* in^ to the diredion of my deceafed 
«N flavel" 

* You may eaiily conceive, gentle* 

* men, whether or not we were furpriz-^ 

< «d and rej<btced at the contents of this 

* papeTb Indeed, the iymptoms of yoy 

* and admiration appeared fo plain in 
^ our behaviour, that the renegado fu- 
' jpe^ed it was not found by accident, 
^ b«t a6(ttally written and addreffed to 

< one of our company. He accordingly 

* intfeated ut to tell 'him if his con- 

* fe£hire was true, protefting that we 
*■ mU^t fafely traft to his fidelity, and 

* amiring us, if we would favour him 
^ with isnair confidence, he would ven- 
*■ tttre his life in procuring-our freedom. 

* So faying, he pulled from his bofom 
"* a criKifix of metal, and with many 

* tears, fwore by the God reprefemed 

* under the form of that image, in 

* whom he, though a wretched Anner^ 

* fully and faithfully believed, that he 

* wt)u}d be trufty and fecret in every 

* thing we fliouid pleafe to communi- 
^ catC) for he firmly believed, and .as it 

* were prognofticattd, that by means of 

* h«r vieho had written the paper; we 

* (hould all obtain liberty, and he ac- 
' complifli that which he had Co much 
f at heart, namely, his re-admiflxon into 

* the bofimnof his holy mother church, 

* from which he, through his igiio- 

* i^nce and^gtttlt, had been like a rot- 

* tea member, divided and cut' off. 

< This declaration he made with To 
*- many tears- and figns of repentance, 

* that we wianimouiSy agreed to iii- 
^ traft him with the aiSair, and accord- 

* ingly- gave him an account of every 

* thin^ ttiar had happened-, without' fup* 
' jpniSn/g we circinnftante;-and fliew* 

ed htm the window at wfiich the cane 
appeared : h that from thence he j\sul 
took his mark of the houfe, reiblving 
to inform himfelf, withgreatcare and 
caution, c»f the name and quality o( 
thofc who lived in it^ Meanwhile^ 
we were all of opinion, that there was 
a neceffity for anfwering' the billet^ 
and there being a peffon preient, who 
could perform that ofilice, the Deae- 
gado that inilant wrote in Arabtck 
what I dictated, which was litendljr 
as I ihall now repeat | for of all the 
material circumftances of that affifir^ 
not one hath efcaped my memory^ 
which will retain mem all to my lai| 
breath. In fliort, this was the an* 
fwer which I fent to the beautiful 


** TVT-^^^^'^^^^^ ^^ protefted by 
^^^ " the true Ala, and that Wcffed 
" Mary the real mother of God, who, 
«* becaufe fhe loves thee, hath put it into 
" thy heart to go to the land of Chrif- 
•* tiansj befeech her therefore, that fiie 
** will be pleafed to teach thee how fhoa 
** mayeft obey her commands; for flie 
•« is fo benevolent that ihe will grant 
<* thy requeft. For my own part, and 
** in behalf of thofe who are my fe)- 
<* low-prifoners, I promife to ferve 
•* thee with our whole power, even unto 
•« death. Fail not to write and give 
•* me notice of what thou flialt revive 
" to do; and I will always anfwer 
•* thy letteis; for the g^reat Ala hath 
« favoured us with the fnendfhip of 
" a Chriftian captive, who can ipeak 
«* and write thy language, as thou 
•< wilt perceive by this paper; where- 
" fore, thou mayeft communicate thy 
•* will and pleafure to us without fear, 
** As to thy oflfer of beconr^ing my 
" wife, when thou (halt be fafely fet- 
" tied in the land of the Chriftians, J 
•• pledge myfelf thihe, on the faith of 
<* a good Chriftian J and know, that 
" thofe of our religion perform their 
** promifes more punftuafly than the 
** Moors, God, and his mother Ma- 
*« ry, take my dear lady into their holy 
" proteaion!^* 

* This letter being written and feal- 

* ed, I waited two days until the bath 

* was empty, and then went to the 
< ufual place on tht ttirriice, to look 




for the cane» which in a liule time 
appeared. I no (boner perceived the 
figiiy though I could not lee who made 
it» than I held up the letter to malce 
her underitand that ihe Ihould faften 
a thread to the cane ; but that was al- 
ready done^ and I tied the paper to it 
accordingly. In a little time our ftar 
appeared again^ loaded with the white 
flag of peace } which being dropped* 
I took it up, and found, in different 
coins, of gold and filvcr, to the a- 
mount of fifty crowns, which increafed 
our fatisfa6tion fifty- fold, and con- 
firmed us in the hope of obtaining our 
freedom. That fame nieht our rene- 
gade returned, and told us, he was 
informed the boufe was inhabited by 
that fame Moor I have mentioned 
under the name of Agimorato, who 
was exceffively rich, and had only 
one daughter to inherit his whofe for- 
tune | tkit by the current report in 
the city, (he was the moft beautiful 
woman in Barbaryi and that many 
of the viceroys who went thither, had 
demanded her in marriage, but (he 
would never yield her confent; he like- 
wife under ftood that fhe had once a 
Chriftian (lave, who bad died fome 
time ago; fo that all thefe circum* 
fiances agreed with the contents of 
her letter. We then -confuhed with 
the renegado about the means of tranf- 
norting ourfelves, with the Moorifh. 
lady, into Chriftendom; and, at 
length, we came to the refblution of 
waiting for another intimation from 
Zorayda, which is the name oF her 
who now defires to be called Maria } 
for we plainly perceived, that by 
means of her, and no other, we fliould 
be enabled to furmount all the diffi. 
culties that occurred. 
*' Having come to this determination, 
the renegado bid us give ourfelves no 
uneafinefs, for he would either procure 
our liberty or forf ei t his own life . The 
bath being full of people during four 
days, no caneappeared all that time ^ at 
the end of which theuibal Iblitude pre- 
vailing, we perceived \i with a hand- 
kerchief fo pregnant as to promife a 
mod happy birth. I (lood under it $ 
the whole was dropped as ufual, and 
I found in the handkerchief ano- 
ther paper, with one hundred crowns 
in gold, without any mixture of other 
coin. The renegade being then pre- 
ientj we carried him to ourcabbin. 

* where we delired hha to readtiie left* 

* ter, which he interpceted in theA 

* words. 

** T Kjlow not, dear Sir, how to |^ve 
^ " dire^ions about eur paflage in* 
** to Spain $ nor hath Lela Marien told 
<* me, though I have eaneftly implored 
*' her a(fiftance. But what may be 
" eafily effected is this t I will from this 
'* window fumi(h yon with a great 
** quantity of money | (b tint you may 
<* ranfom yourfelf and your compa* 
^* nions; and going to the land of the 
** Cbriftians, purcha(e a bark, with 
** which you may return for the reft ; 
" and you will And me in my father*i 
'* garden, which is by the gate of Baiv 
** bazon, clofe to the fea-fKie* There 
*' I (hall be during the whole fummei) 
*' with my father and fervants; and 
** from thence you may, in the nighty 
" carry me to the bark withoqt mn 
" But remember thou (halt be my buf*> 
** band ) otherwife I will pay to Ma* 
** rien to chaftife thee. It thou caadt 
" depend upon no other perfon for |Hir<» 
*< chafing the bark, ranfom thyfelf for 
<* that purpofe. I know thou wilt be 
" more apt than any other body to re- 
** turn, becaufe thou art a gentleman 
'* and a Chriftian* Be fure to inform 
*^ thyfelf well about the garden. When 
** I fee thee walking wlwre thou art at 
** prefent, I (hall know the bath is 
<< empty, and provide thee with more 
** money. Ala pre(erve thee, my dear 
** gentleooanr* 

< Thefe were the contents and pur- 
port of the fef ond paper; which being 
read in prefence of us all, each pro* 
pofed himfelf as the perfon to be ran- 
fomed, promifing to go . and retam 
with the utmoll pun^uality j I like* 
wife offered myfelf for that purpolew 
But the renegaldo oppofed the propo- 
fal| faying, that he could by no 
means content that one (hould be iet 
free, before we had all obtained our li- 
berty I becaufe experience had taught 
him, how ill thofe who are free per- 
form the promifes they have made in 
their capuvity; for prifoners of note 
had often pra^ifed the expedient of 
ranfoming one of their number, to go 
to Valencia or Majorca, with money 
tO)purcha(e an ajined bark, and re- 
turn for his companions, but they 
never (aw his face again | for, hav- 

* ing 



' ifig otfcebbtatned hi8 ovm liberty, the 
*. dread of lofing it again, by returning, 

* blots all manner of obligations out of 

* his remembrance. As a confirmation' 

* of the truth of what he alledged, lie 

* briefly recounted a cafe which had 

* lately happened to fome Chriltian 
' gentlemen, attended with the ftrangeft 

* circumftances ever known even in 

* thefe parts, where the mofl^ uncom* 

* mon and furpriting events occur al* 

* moft every day. In fhort, he told 

* lis, the ipoft practicable and prudent 

* fcheme was, to give him the money 

* we ihould receive for our ranfom, 

< with which he would purchafe a baric 

* at Algiers, under pretence of be- 

* coming merchant, and trading to Te- 
' tuan, and the other places on that 

* coaft ; and that being mailer of the 

< v^Sklf he would foon contrive the 

* means of difengaging us from the 

* bath, and getting us all on board) 

* efpecially if the Moorifh lady (hould 

* perform her promife in fupplying us 

* with money fufficient to pay the ran* 

* fom of our whole company } in which 

* caie, being no longer Qaves, we might 

* embark with the greattll eafe and 

* fafety, even at noon -day. Thegreateft 

* difficulty that occurred, was the back- 

* wardnefs of the Moors, tq allow a 

* renegade to purchafe or command a 

* veiTel, unlefs it be a large cruizer for 

< pirating I becaufe they fufpeCl, efpe^ 

< cially if he be a Spaniard, that his 

* fole motive in buying a fmall bark, is 

< to make his efcape into Chriftendom ; 

* but he undertook to remedy that in* 

* convenience, by giving a (hare of the 

< bark and profits of the merchandize 

* to a Tangarin Moor$ by which means 

< he fhouid be mailer of the bark, and 

< of confequence, have it in his power 

* to accomplifli the whole affair. 

' Although, in the opinion of me and 

* my companions, there was no better 

* plan than that of (ending to Majorca 
' for a bark, as the Moorifh lady had 

* propofed, we durft not contradi6l the 

* (entiments of the renegade, left « he, 

* being diibbliged by our acting con- 

* trary to his intention, (hould make 
' a difcovery of our correfpondenoe 
' with the fair Moor, and endanger nat 

* only Qur lives, Jbut alfo that of Zo- 
f rayda, for which we would have wii- 
^ linglyfacrificedourown. We there* 

< fore determined to rely upon God and 
' thtrcneipuio} fuul immediately wrot» 

an anfwerto Zorayda, importing, that 
we would adhere in every thing to her 
advice, which was as prudent as if 
it had been di<Slated by Lei a Marien j 
and that it depended fblely upon her, 
either to haften or retard the negocia- 
tion $ pledging my faith anew to be- 
come her fpoufe. In confequence of 
this intimation, the very next day, 
when the hath happened to be empty* 
(he, at different times, by means of 
the cane and handkerchiet, tranfm it- 
ted two thou (and crowns in gold, 
with a paper (Ignifying, that on the 
firft Jama, which is Friday, (he (houU 
fet out for her fathers garden, but be^ 
fore her departure, fupply us with 
more money; and defired ds to in- 
form her, if we (hould find that in« 
Cjflicient ; for (he would give us at 
much as we could defire, her father 
having fuch vaft fums, that he w6ulel 
never be fenfible of what (he took, 
efpecially as all his keys were in her 
poiTefiion. We immediately accommo- 
dated the renegado with five hundred 
crowns, for the purchafe of the bark { 
with eight hundred more I ranfomej 
myfelf, depofiting the money with a 
Valentian merchant then redding at 
Algiers, who bargained for my ran* 
fom with the king, and obtained my 
freedom, upon giving his word to pay 
the money on the arrival of the nrft 
(hip from Valencia; for, if heh^dpaid 
it imrnediately, the king would havp 
fufpeCied that the ran fom had been 
fome time at Algiers, and that th^ 
merchant had hitherto detained it fo/ 
his own convenience. In fliort, my 
mailer was fo contentious, that I dur(( 
by no means dilburfe the money ^f. 
once. On the Thurfday before the 
fair Zorayda removed to her fathcr*js 
country houfe, (he gave us anothgr 
thoufand crowns, and apprized us of 
her departure ; intfeating me, as foon 
as I (liould be ranfomed, to make my« 
felf acquainted with her father's gai;- 
den, and find fome opportunity of 
going thither to fee her. I anfwere4, 
in few words, that I would obey her 
in every thing, defiring (lie woul/1 
fervently recommend us to Lela Ma- 
rien in all thofe prayers which (he h%d 
learned of the' dave. . - 

* This affair being tranfa^ed, mcaqs 
were concerted for ranfoming my three 
companions ; lefl, feeing me at liber* 
ty andthemfelves confined, fince I had 
G g ' money 



DOK <lpiXOTE, 

money enongli to procure thetf free- 
dom, thev fhould be chagrined and 
tempted oy the devil to do fomething 
to the prejudice of iSorayda ) for al- 
though their honour and intcj^rrtty 
mieht have fecurcd me againft any 
fuch appreheniion, I would not run 
the fmalleft rilk, and therefore took 
care they ihould be ranfomed by the 
fame canal through ivhich my liberty 
was obtained; deporting the whole 
fum required in the merchant's hands, 
that he might, with more certainty 
and confidence, a^ the part of their 
boodfman; though we never difciofed 
to him our ferret commerce with Zo- 
rayd», for fear of what might happen. 



• T) £ F O R £ fifteen days had elap- 
JD * fed, our renegado had purchased 
a ftoutveffel capable of containingthir- 
ty perfons atleaft; andtoiecurewhathe 
had done with a favourable pretext, he 
made a voyage to a place called Sar- 
ge], about thirty leagues from Algiers, 
towards the coati of Oran, where there 
is a great trafick of dried figsj and he 
made two or three trips of this kind 
in company with the Tagarin Moor 
already mentioned. The Moors of 
Arragon are in Barbary called Taga- 
rins, and thofe of Grenada go by the 
name of Mudajares i though theie latl 
are in the kingdom of Fez called 
£lche8, being the people whom the 
king chiefly ufes in nis wars. I fay, 
then, in every paiTage, the rene^do 
brought his oark to an anchor m a 
fmall creek, within two bow- (hots of 
Agimorato^s garden, and there pur- 
pofely employed himfelf and his 
Mooriih rowers in pra£li(ing the 2a- 
la *^, or attempted that in jeft which he 
intended to execute in earneft.r He 
went frequently to Zorayda's garden 
on pretence of alking fruit, wl^ich he al* 
ways received from her father, though 
he did not know him y but althoueh» 
as he afterwards owned, he wanted to 
fpeak with Zoray da, and tell her that he 
was theperfon appointed by me to <fttf- 
ry her off to the land of the Chriftians, 
that die might be iatisfied and iecure 

of his iSdelky; hemver1«dt as 9f^ 
portunity of executing hit defign, M 
the Moorifli women avoid thd fight of . 
(heir own countrymen and the ']uirkSf 
trntefs v^hen they are commanded ta 
appear by their parents and huib«ndt | 
though they talk and converfe-with 
Chriftian captives e^e* more freely 
than decency allows^ I ihoold have 
been very much coiKerned had ht 
fpoke with her, bec^n(i^ h wonid per* 
haps have giten her great uneafiaeill 
to fee renegades- imrufted with the' 
affair ; but God,< who ordained ail for 
the heft, gave him no opportmutr of 
fulfilling hrswtll-mtaning intention. 
' Perceiving how iec«refy he traded 
to and from Sargel, and anchored 
when, where/ and now he pleaftd, hit 
partner fnbmitting t« hi# dire6lio>n in 
all things^ and that I being ran- 
fomed, there was nothing wanted but 
fome Chriflians to row, he dbfired me 
to pick out thofe who iho«l#accoai* 
pany me exelnfive of my frienda vrho 
were ranfomed, and befpeak tbttm for 
the Friday following, wbieh be bad 
appointed fov the day of our departure. 
Seeing him thus determmed,Iipoke to 
a dozen Spaniards, all of them able- 
bodied rowers, and people who coiil<l 
eaiily get out of the city; and indeed 
it was no fmall difficnhy to find £6 
many at Ihat conjunfture^ for no 
fewer than twenty gallies being theiv 
out upon the cruize, almofl all the 
rowers were employed, fo that Ifbonld 
not have found thofe I have mentioned 
had not their mafler flaid at home thai 
fummer to ftntfh a veflel whicbbe bad 
on the flocks. All I faid to tbeas was, 
that next Friday in the evening tbey 
Ihould flily ibp out of the city one by 
one, and betake themfeWes to Agimo** 
rato's gar<ien, where thty fhovld wait 
my coming } and 1 diieded every one 
by himfelf, if he fhould meat vsttb 
other GhriiliaBs at the rendetvona, to 
fay nothing hot that I had ordered him 
to wait for me in that place. 
* This point being fettled', anodier 
precaution fliU more nee^&iy re- 
mained untaken ) this iwas t6 advotift 
Zorayda of thefituation of our affairs^ 
that fae might bepMpared andguaided 
againfl furpriae atoiir(uddc*aihttlr| 
before fhe- cotild' think it p«fBbl« tba\ 
the Chriftian baiAivraa amveik ><- 

t» Zala^ or Sala> l| the Mooiifh'ftttttaitroJt.* 



poff Qtria:otB« 


lolfed tlierefoce to ftc and %eak with 
h^r if pofllble one day before our de- 
parture, I went to the garden on pre- 
te»cc of gathering fome herbs, and the 
fitk perfoift I met was her father, who 
/poke to m« in m language ui'ed 
through nil Barbary, and even at 
ConftantiBople, between the capcivee 
and the Moors I it is neither Arabick 
nor Caiiilian* nor indeed peculiar to 
any nation, JkK a mixture of difterent 
tongues by whi^h we make ihift to 
underftand each otber. I fay, he afked 
in this fort of jargon > who I was, and 
what I wanted in his garden ? I an- 
fwered» that I waa a Have belonging to 
AmauteMami, who I knew to be an 
intimate friend of his, and that I 
wanted a few herbs for a failad. In 
confequence of this anfwer, he enquired 
whether or not I was to be ranfomedy 
and what my ro after demanded for my 
freedom j And while we were thus 
converfing together, the fair Zorayda 
came out into the garden. She had 
jilready perceived me from a window 
of the houle ) and as the Mooridi wo- 
men make no fcruple of (hewing 
themfelves to Chi ittians, with whom, 
as I have already oblerved, titey are 
not at all ihy, Aie without any hefita- 
tion walked towards the place where I 
was landing with her father, who no 
fobner faw her, than hecalled at a dif* 
tance defiring her to come up. It 
would be 9 difficult ta(k for roe at 
preiientto dcfcribethe exceeding beau- 
ty* the genteel 4nien, the gay and rich 
0|rnaments with which my beloved 
Zorayda then pi^fented herfeif before 
mine eyes: I fliall only obferve, that 
the pearls about her beauteous neck 
and ears out- numbered the hairs of hei* 
head. On her ancles, which were 
bare, according to the cuftora of tlie 
country, ihe wore carcaxea, (by which 
nanie the bracelets for the feet are 
called in the Moriico language) of 
the pureli gold, fet with fucb a quan- 
tity of diamonds, that (he afterwards 
told m^ her father valued them at 
twenty tboufand ducats; and thoft 
(kt wore upon her wrilts were of equal 
richiieft. The pearla, though in luch 
a yaft number, were.ext)remely fine} 
for thegreate^ pride and magnidcenee 
of the Moori(h wonen lie in pearls 
«nd enabroideryi confeqveotly there 
is a greater qtiaatity o|* pearU and 
^ feed-pearl in Bi^Wy t^ In ail the 

other nation I of the v^rld, and Zo- 
rayda's father had the reputation of 
po(Ie(fing the greateft number and the 
belt in Algiers, together with a for« 
tuiie of two hundred tboufand Spanilh 
crowns^ of all which (he who is now 
mine was once miftrefs. Whether 
with the adiftance of all thefe oma- 
fnents (he appeared beautiful or not,- 
and what (he muft have been in her 
profperity, may be con jeflured by what 
remains after the great fatigues (he 
hath undergone } for it is ^11 known 
that the beauty of iome women hath 
ii'sdays and (eafons, and is diminilhed 
Or increafed according to the circum-* 
ilances that happen ; being improved 
or impaired, nay, often totally de* 
(iroyed, by the paiiions of the mind.* 
In fliort, (he approached in all the 
pomp of drefsi and all the excefs of 
beauty $ at ieaft to me flte fyct^td the 
mo(t beautiful creature I had ever 
feeu} which cirt^umftance, joined ta 
the obligatioii I lay under, made me 
look upon her- as an angel fent from* 
heaven for my delight and deliverance. 
When (he came up, her father told 
her in their own language that I was 
a captive belonging to his friend Ar*- 
naute Mami, and had come for a fai- 
lad; upon which (he took up the dif- 
CDurfe, and in that jumble of lan- 
guages before- mentioned a(ked if I 
was a gentleman, and why I did not 
ranibm myfelf ? I anfwered, that I 
was already ranfomed, and that flit 
might fee in what efteem I was with 
my ma(ter by the fum he received for 
my freedom, which was no lefs than 
fifteen hundred fultanins. To this 
oblervation (he replied, " Truly, if 
thou had it belonged to my father, he 
(hould not have parted with thee for 
twice the Ami ; for you Chriltians aU 
ways dilTerable, and call yourfelves 
poorer than you really are, with a 
view of impD(tng upon the Moors/' 
-—That may be foroetimes the cafe^ 
Madam,^* faid I, << but I adhered to 
the truth in bargaining with my maf- 
ter, and will &al honeftly with all 
mankind/* She then aflced how 
foon I intended to depart : and I an*> 
fwered, ** To-morrow, I believe j there 
is a French (hip in the harbciur to 
fail in the morning, and I have ibne 
thoughts of taking my pallage on 
board of her/**-*-** Had not you better 
itay till the arrival of a veflel from 
Ggx «« Spain? 




«♦ Spain/* faid'Zorayda, *< than truft 
<( yourfelf with the French, who are 
*< no good friends of yours > '*— " No, 
•• Madam," anfwered 1; ** though, as 
*' there is a Spanifh Aiip expe6led, if 
** (he arrives immtdiately, I believe I 
'* ihall wait for her; but it is more likely 
** thatlfhail fail to morrow; for the de- 

* fire I have to fee myfelf in my native 
*< country with thofc I love, is too ftrong 
** to let me wait for any other conveni- 
*< ence,!et it be ever fo pood /*-^**With- 
«« out doubt,*' faid Zorayda, •* thou 
«< art manied in thy own country, and 
•« therefore defirous of being with thy 
•< wife?"-^** I am not yet wedded,*' 
<. I replied j ** but under promife of be- 
«' ing married at my return." — *« And 
<■< is the woman beautiful to whom 
*« thou haft pledged thy faith?" faid 

* flie. *' So beautiful," anfwered I, 
** that, to compliment her, and tell 
« thee the troth, fhe is the exaA reiem- 
«« blance of thyfelf." 

* Her father laughed heartily at this 

< declaration, faying, " Truly, Chrif- 
<< tian, (he muft be very hand fome in> 
•< deed, if (he refembles my daughter, 
** who is the molt beautiful woman in 
*^ this kingdom: look at her, and thou 
** wilt fee whether or not I fpeak truth." 

* In the greateft part of this conver- 

< fation, Agimorato ferved as in- 

* ttrpreter for his daughter, he being 

* better acquainted with this fpurious 

* language, which, though (he under- 

* (tood a little, in coniequence of it's 

* being much fpoke among the Moors, 

< fhe explained her raeining by figns, 
« oftenerthan bywords. 

* While we were engaged in this 

* and other fuch converiation, a Moor 

* ran towards us, crying aloud, that 

< four Turks having got through the 

* pales, or leaped over the garden -wall, 
« were gathering the fruit, though it 

< was not yet^ripc. At this informa- 

* tionthe old man and Zorayda ftartedj 
.< for the Moors are commonly, and as 

* it were naturally, afraid of the Turks, 

* efpeciallythe foldiers, who are fo in- 

* folentand imperious to their Moori(h 

< fubie£ts, that they treat them worfe 
« thanif they were (laves. Accordingly, 
« the father faid tp Zorayda, *' Daugh- 
4* ter, retire to the houfe, and lock thy-r 
<< felf up, while I go and talk to thofe 
« dogS} and thou^ ChriiHan/* (turning 
« to me) " gather thy herbs, and depart 
<« in peaces aod Ala fend thee ia(ip intQ 




" thy own country !** I made my 

* obeifance, and he went in fearch of 
*■ the Turks, leaving me alone with 
' Zorayda, who pretended to go bome- 

* ward according to her father's defire; 

* but no fooner was he out of fight, 
' among the trees of the garden, than 
< (he came back, with her eyes drowned 

* in tears, faying, *< Amexi, Chnftiano, 
*' amexi t" the figni(icarion of which 
' addiefs is, *' Thou art going away, 
** Chriltian, thou art going away!"— 

Yes, Madam," anfwered I, ** but by* 
no means without yoo: on the next Ja- 
ma expe6t me, and be not afraid when