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^^ O F T H E 

Houfe of Commons^ 



Themoft remarkable Mo tions. Speeches, Re- 
SOLVES, REPORts and Conferences ta 
be met with in that Interval : 


Themofte3cad Estimates of the Charge of Government; 
State of the I^ubliq Revenue j the Rife and Growth 
of the National Debt, Expencc of the War, Pro- 
ceedings on Ways and Means, Speeches and Mes- 
sages from the Throne, Addresses, and Remonstran- 
ces, alfo the Numbers Pr^ and Con upon every Divifion, kgc. 

Many of which Curious Particulars were never before printed. 

Collected from the tieft Authorities, 
Compared with the Journals of the House ; 

And illuftratcd with agrcat Variety of Historical and 
Explanatory Notes. 

Together with a large APPENDIX, 

Exaft Lists of every Parliament, the Names of the 
Speakers, their feveral Posts under the Govern- 
ment; and ot^jer valuable, Siigplemental Pieces. 

V O L. VI. ^6> o 

^LO N DO N: 
Printed for Richard Chandler, and fold at the Shi^ 
without T$wpk^Bar^ and at Tork and Scarborough, ^742, 

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T O 

His Royal Highness^ 


Prince of JfA L E S, 

|HE following Work, 

confifting o£ Speeches 

and Delates in the Houfi 

of Commons, from theTime 

* of 

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of the ha^ppy AccefEon of 
his Illuftrious Grandfather 
to the Throne of Great 
Britain, is moft humbly 



His Royal Highnefs's 
Aloft oledient 
HumMe &rvanif 

The Compiler, 

y Google 

T H B 


HE UTcfolncfsof aWork of 
this Naeure in gpneial ib too 
obvioiis to need any Apolo- 
§1 gy ; but Ibmc Account of 
this in particular may be expected : It con- 
fifls not only of all iiich Speeches in the 
tiot^e of Commons y as have already ap- 
peared in Print in fcatter'd Volumes ; but 
^0 of a great Number of Others, now 
firft communicated to the Publicfc by 


y Google 

The T R E b A C E. 

feveral curious Gentlemen,' to whon^ til 
.Editor takes this Opportunity of teturi 
jng his Acknowledgments. \ 

Thofe ^viib know the Orders of tl^ 
Houfe, and the Nature and Manner <^ 
their Proceedings, know likewifc that i 
is impoffible for a Work of this Natujij 
to be abfolutely Complcai : This therefbn 
will be a fufficient Apology for the Short- 
nefi^pf the Accounts herein, given of feme 
Seffidns. '^AU the Compiler had td do, was 
to range his Materials in a proper and regu- 
lar Method, without adding or fuppreffing 
one' Particular in Favgur of any Party : 
This, he hopes, he has done in fuch a Man- 
ner as at leaft to efinpe the Cenfure of the 
Publick; nay, he even flatters himfelf^ 
that he .has fome Title- to their Thanks. 

Lon<hn, Dec, 31, 

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THE Deaths of the Earls of QaxVS\fi 
^ and Scarborough, of the Lords Wil- 
kughby de Broke and Onflow, Jince this 
Work was ^t to the ^refsy has otcdjiorid 
an Alteration in the Notes at the Bottom' 
<f the following TageSy viz. 4, 5, 32a. 
thefe the judicious Reader will e^ly cor-^ 

y Google 

onupt Brodcnck. 

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The Acceffion of King GEORGE L 

THE Parliament meet^ Jugujt i, 1714, i 

The Lords Jujiices Speech to the Parbament^ 2 

The Commons Addrefs to the Kngy 3 

The King*s Anjwer thereto^ - 8 

Motion for a Supply to be granted to his Majefly^ 4 
Mr Horatio Wd^le^s Motion for paying the Hanoverian 
Troops^ and offering a Reward to apprehend the Pre- 
tender^ ib. 
The Speaker* s Speech to Ibe Lords Jujlicesy on prefenting 

the Subftdy Billy &c. 6 
fbe Lord Chancellor's Speech to both Houfes of Parlia- 
ment on concluding^the SeJJton^ 8 

The Firft Seflion of the Firft Parliament of 
King George I. 

THE Parliament meet March 17, 17 14-15, 
and Mr Spencer Compton chojen Speaker y 9 
The King's Speech to both Houfes ofParSa- 
ment at opening the Sejfton^ lO 

Mr Robert TValpole's Motion for an Addrefs of Thanks 

totheKingy . ii 

Debate thereony 13 

Tfe Addrefs refoh\d ony and prefented j with the 

King*s Anfwer thereto. 15 

Exceptions made to fome Paffages in his Majejifs Pro- 
clamation for calli*ig this Parliamenty by Sir JViU 
Mam Whitlockey and by SirffilHam Wyndhamy 15, 16 
Vol. L a Motion 

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ii The CONTENTS. , 

Motim for committing Sir William Wyndham to the 

Tower ^ which is opposed by Mr R* Wa^le^ 1 6 

Sir William Wyndham ordered to be only reprimanded 

by the Speaker:, - 17 

General Stanhope's Motion for appointing a Committee 

to inquire into the tate Peace^ and the Management . 

of the late ^eerCs Mmiftry^ 1 8 

A Secret Committee of Twenty One Members appointed^ 

and their Namef^ 19 

M^iott relating to the Civil Li/i^ and Debate thereon^ 20 
Motion for an Addrefs to the King^ to retrench Pen- 

fions^ &c. 23 

Seven Hundred Ihoufand Pounds per Annum granted 

to the SJngfor his Hovjhold^ Sec. ib.. 

Motion on the, Bill for regulating the .Forces, &c. with 

the Debate thereon^ . ib. 

Mr R^WalpoWs Motion for receiving the Secret Com- 

mittee's Report^ and for apprehending fitch Perfons 

as Jhould be nanCd by the Chairman of the faid 

Committee, 24 

Riport from the Secret Committee prefented and read, 

with the Debate thereon, 25 

Mr R. Walpole impeaches Lord Bolingbroie of High 

Treafon^ &c. which after fome Debate is agreed to 

by the Houfe, 26 

Lord Coningsby impeaches Robert Earl of Oxford of 

High Treafon, &c. which after fome Debate is 

Uhwife agreed to by the Hsufe, 26, 27 

Articles againfi Lord Bolingbroke and the Earl of Ox- . 

ford ordered to be drawn np, ib. 

The. Report from' the Committte of Secrecy ordered to be 
"• Printed^ and fent to the Sheriffs, &c. ib. 

Mr Prior ordered into clofi Cuftody, 28 

General Stanhope impeaches james Duie ofOrmond 

of Ugh Treafon, he. with the Debate thereon. ib. 
The Impeachment of the Duke ofOrmond agreed to by 

the Houfe, and Articles againfi him ordered to be 
' drawn up, 3© 

Mr Aijlabie impeaches Thomas Earl of Strafford of 

High Crimes and Mifiemeanors, 30 

The hnpeachment againji the Earl of Strafford, after 
fame Debate^ agreed to by the Houfe, and Articles 
ordered to be drawn up againfi him^ 31 


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The CONTENTS. iii 

Debate on the Bill for explaining the ASf of King 

ff^lUam III. for the Limitation of the Crown^ ice. ' 3a 
Mr R. TValpole from the Committee of Secrecy report^' 
the firfl ten Articles againjl the Earl of Oxferd^with 
the Debate thereon j am alfo on the Ekventh Ar- 
ticUy 32, 33 

T^he fend Articles agreed to^ and ordered to he carried 

to the Lords by Lord Coningihy^ 34 

The King^s Speech relating to an Jnvafjbn by the Pre- 

tender^ 35 

The Commons Addrefs^ with the King's Anfwer thereto^ ib. 
Mr R. Walpole^s Motion for an Addrefs to the Kingy 
to allow Full-Fay to the Officers on Half Fay ^ which 
is agreed to^ 36 

The King's Anfwer thereto^ ' 37 

Mr Walpole from jhe Committee of Secrecy reports 
farther Articles again/i the Earl of Oxford 5 which 
being agreed to^ Lord Coningsby is ordered to carry 
to the Lords^ ib. 

Mr R. Walpole reports the Jrticles rf Impeachment 

againji Lord Bolingbroke^ which are agreed to^ ib. 

Mr R. Walpole reports the Articles of Impeachment 

againfl the Duie ofOrmond^ with the Debate thereon^ 38 
Mr R. Walpole ordered to carry up to the Lords the 
Articles againjl Lord BolingbrokCy who being fled ^ 
is attainted of High Treafin^ 38, 39 

General Stanhope ordered to carry to the Lords the Ar- . 

tides againfl the Duie ofOrmond j who being gone 
off is alfo attainted^ ib. 

Mr R, Walpole reports the Articles againfl the Earl of 
Strafford^ which being agreed to^ Mr Aiflabie 
carries up to the Lordly 39, 40 

Earl of Oxford's Anfwer to the Articles of Impeachment 

read^ with the Debate thereon^ 4^ 

Mr R. Walpole reports the Commons Replication to the 
Earl of Oxford^ s Anfjoer \ vjhich being agreed^ to^ 
Lord Coningsby is ordered to carry to the Lords^ ^ 42 
*The Committee of Secrecy impcwered to fit notwith- 

ftanding the Adjournment of the Houfe^ ib. 

Sir W. Wyndhdfn^ Sir J. Packington^ Mr Edward 
Harvey^ Mr Fcrjfief^ Mr Arjiis^ and Mr Corbet 
Kynaflon order* dy at the King's Requefl^ to he appre- 
hendedy ib* 

a 2 ^ 

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A Staffola ordered to be ere^edfor the Earl of OxforcPs 

Trial, 43 

fhe Speaker's Speech to thf King, on prefenting the 

Money-Bilbj , ih. 

The ISng's Speech at adjourning the Parliament, 45 

Sir Edward Northsy added to the Committee of Secrecy, 47 
Circular Letters ordered to be wrote to all the Sheriffs, 
requiring the Attendance of the Members on the gth 
of January, t^o which Time the Houfe adjourns, ib- 
^he IGng^s Speech at the Meeting of the Parliament, 

January c), 17 15-16. 48 

An Addrefs of Thanks to the King for the abtrue Speech 

unanimouffy refoh/d on, 50 

The Houfe refohe to impeach the Lords Derwentwater, 
^ ffiddrington, Nithifdale, tVintmn, Carnwathy 
' Kmmure, and Nairn, of High Treafon, 59 

Articles drawn up accordingly, and carried to the Lords 
by Mr Lechmere, ib. 

^ Mr Forfler expeWd the Houfe for being taken in Re- 

belSon, 60 

The Commons Addrefs to the Kng relating to the Re- 
bellion, ib. 
The Kings Anfuoer thereto, 62 
Debaie concerning the continuing the Bill for fiifpending 

the Habeas Corpus Ail, ib. 

The King's Speech relating to the Pretender^ s heading 

the Rebellion in Scotland, ^ ib. 

* The Commons Addrefs thereon, ^ 63 

Ihe King's Anfvuer thereto, 65 

The King's Speech relating to the Pretender's Flight out 

of Scotland, ib. 

The Commons Addrefs thereon, 66 

The King's Anfwer thereto, 67 

The Commons adjourn, to prevent any Application to 

them in Favour of the impeached Lords, 67 

Mr Lechmere' s Motion for a Bill to Jlrengthen the 

Proteflant Inter efl, 68 

The Lords having pafs'd a Bill for repealing the Tri- 
ennial A51, fend it to the Commons for their Con- 
currence. ', and the Debate thereon, ib. 
Petitions prefented againfl repealing the Triennial A^, 100 
Debate concerning a Claufe for preventing Penfjoners 
from fitting in Parliament, ib. 


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More Petitions prejented againft refHlng thi Trien- 
nial ASi. 101 

Debate on the third Reading of the Septennial Bill. ib. 

ne Bill for repealing tie Triennial J^ pqffes the 
Ho^e^ lOS 

The Bill fent from the Lords relating to High Treafon, 
thrown out by the CommmSy . ib. 

The A£l for reftraining the King from going out of 
the Kingdom repealed, , ib. 

The King* 5 Speech at concluding the firft Sejfton^ ib. 

The Parliament prorogued. • 107 

The Second SefEon of the Firft Parliament 

of King G£ORG£ I. 

"^ p^ 

THE King's Speech at opening the Second SeJJion, 
February 20j 1716-17. 107 

General Stanhope, ty bis Majejly*5 Command, lays 
before the Houfe fever al Letters relating to an In- 
vafum from Siveden, 109 

Mr Onflow's Motion for an Addrejs oflhanis to the 

ISngy , ib. 

J Bill ordered to be brought in, to prohibit Commerce 

with Sweden, ib. 

The Commons Addrefs, * ib. 

The King's Anjwer thereto. '^^' . 

Motion relating to the Land-Forces, with the Debate 

thereon, ib. 

Mr R. Walpole moves for borrowing 600,000 I for 
the publick Service at 4 /. per Cent.w/V* the Debate 
thereon. m^ "^ 

Mr Lechmere takes Notice, that only 45,000 I had 

been fubfcribed towards the Loan at 4/. per Cent. 113 
The Commons refolve to aUcnv 5 /. per Cent, on the 
Loan of 6oo,oo© /. upon which the whole Sum is 
immediately Jubfcribed. "S 

I/hiion relating to the Bi/hop of Munftet^s and the 

Duke of Saxe-Gotha's Troops, ib. 

A Meffage from the King relating to the Swedifh 

Invafion, ^ ib. 

General Stanhope's Motion for a Supply on thdt Account, 
with the Debate thereon^ iiS> ^^^ 


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TT)e Motim for a Supply againff Sweden agreed tOy 

Mr R, Widpole prefenU a Bill for Redeeming the 
Duties on tbufesy &c. And acquaints the Houfe 
with his htmng rejigrid his Places j ibs 

Qeneral Stanhope moves for 2< 0,000 L to be granted 
to the King againjl Sweden ; with the Debate 
thereon. i%t 

Mr TV. PuUeney acquaints the Houfe with his having 
refigrCd his Place. * i!f. 

The Houfe vote 250,000 /. to the King againfl Swe- 
den. 125 

^he }Gng*s Speech on the Arrival of the Fleet in the 
Babickj ib. 

Mr Lechmere moves for an Addrefsy and reflects on 
Mr R. Walpole and others for reftgning their 
Places. 126 

Mr R. Walpole vindicates himfelf ther£on. ib. 

^he Commons Addrefs to the King on the Fleefs Arri- 
* val in the Sounds 127 

Mr Shippen moves for recommitting that Addrefs y 
with the Debate thereon, 128 

Mr W. PuUeney complains of the Imbezlement of the 
Publick Money in relation to the 6000 Dutch 
Troops, &c. 129 

The King's Anjwer to the Addrefs of Thanks, ib. 

, Sir W. Wyndham fnoves for Dr Snape to preach be- 

fore the Houfe on the igth of May, with the De- 
bate thereon, ib. 

An Addrefs refohfd on relating to the Tranjportation 
of the 6000 Dutch Troops, 130 

Mr Hungerforts Motion for a Bill for ftating the 
PubUck Accounts, ib. 

General Stanhope lays before the Houfe the Propofals of 
the South Sea Company and the Bant, with the 
Debate thereon, ' 13P, 131 

Mr PuUeney moves for Jeveral Papers to be laid before 
the Houfe relating to the 6000 Dutch Troops, which 
is agreed to, 135 

The Conftderation of the Propofals from the Bank and 
SouthrSea Company put tff, ib. 

Ihe Hou[e refolve upon another Addrefs relating to the 
6000 Dutch Troops. ■ 136 

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fir Lords acquaint the Hmji that they had fix^d the 
lyh of June for the EartofOxforffs Trials where- 
upon the Commons add fix new Members to the 
Sfcret Committee^ 136 

Dr Snape has the Thanks of the Houfefor his Serynon 
on the 7.gth of May ^ with the Uebate thereon^ ib# . 

^eral Papers relating to the Dutch Troops laid he- 
fore the Houfe^ and feveral Perfons ordered to 
attend relating to that Affair. ib. 

Tmr new Members added to the Committee of Se- 
crecyj ib. 

Debate on the Affair of the 6000 Dutch Troops ^ 137 

A Motion for aefiring the Lords to del(^ the Earl of 
Oxfords Trials the Commons not being pr^ared to 
proceed againfl him^ with the Debate thereon^ 139 

Mr H. Wa^U mvuesfor a Bill to difable any Mem- 
ber^ who takes a PlacOy from being re-ele^ed^ ^ I42 

The Commons refohe to beprefentj as a Committee^ 
at the Earl of Oxford's Trialy 143 

5Jf Lords refohe to proceed frft with the Articles for 
fEgh Trealon \ upon which a free Conference is 
dejiredy which the Lords refufe \ with the Debate 
thereoHj 143, 144 

MrLecbmere moves to agree with the Method proposed 
by the Lords ^ 145 

AMeffage from the Lords^ that th^ intend to proceed 
imme£atefy on the Earl ^ Oxford's Trial j of 
which the Commons take no Notice^ lb. 

^ir TV, Strickland moves for a Bill of Attainder againft 
him J 146 

fbe Lords proceed to the Trial of the Earl of Oxford^ 
but the Commons not appearing ^ his Lord/hip is 
acquitted^ ib* 

fir W. Strickland renews his Motion for a Bill of 
Attainder againji the Earl of Oxford ; with the 
Debate thereon, ib. 

Lord Caftlecomer nwoesfor an Addrefs to the ISng to 
except the Earl of Oxford out oj the ASt of Grace j 
which a Committee is appointed to draw up, 147 

The Addrefs thereon, ib. 

The Kinfs Anfwer thereto, 149 

The IGn^s Speech at concluding the Second Sejfion^ . ib. 

The Parliament prorogued^ 150 

Tho . 

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Tiii The C O N T E N T S. 


The Third Seffion of the Firft Parliament 
of King George I. 


J HE King*s Speech at opening the Third Seffion, 
November 21 y 17 iji 150 

Commons Adirefs of Thanks, 152 

The King* 5 Jnfwer thereto, - 153 

Motion for a Supply for maintaining the Land Forces 
for the Year 17 18, mth the Debate thereon, 154 

Mr Lechmere moves for committing Mr Shippen to 
the Tower\, on Account offome Exprejfions reflecting 
on the King's Speech -, with the Debate on that Ac- 
count, 160 

Mr Shippen committed Prijoner to the Tower, 161 

J Second Debate concerning the Land Forces, ib. 

The CAnmittee on the Supply come to fever al Refolu- 
tions, 171 

Motion for recommitting three of them ; with the De- 
bate thereon, ^7^ 

Debate concerning the Charge of the Land-Forces, ib. 

Debate concerning the Land-Tax for the Tear 1718, 173 

Debate concerning the Half Pay Officers, 174 

Debate concerning the Scarcity of Silver, and lowering 
the Gold Species, ' ib. 

' Farther Debates on the Half-Pay Officers,^ 175, 176 

Kmety Four Thoufand Pounds granted for the 

Half-Pay Lift, ib. 

An Addrefsfor fupplying all Vacancies in the Troop f, 
(the Horfe and Foot Guards, and Horfe- Grenadiers 
excepted) with Half Pay Officers, ib. 

The King's Anjwer thereto, 177 

. Debate concerning the Mutiny-Bill, ib. 

The Mutiny-Bill pqffis the Houfe, 178 

Debate on the Merchants Petition relating to the 

Trade to Sweden, ib. 

. The Eng's Meffage for an additional Number of 

Seamen, 180 

Jn Addrefs thereon, ib. 

The King's Anjwer to the above Addrefs, ib. 

The King's Speech at putting an Etid to the 7hird 
Seffion, k>. 

The Parliament prorogued^ - - 181 


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The Fourth Seffion of the Firft Parliament 
of King George I. 


rE ISng's Speech at opening the Emrth Sef- 
ftony November ii, 1718, . ' 182 

iUrd Hnchingbroke's Motion for an Addrefi of 

Thanis^ with the Debate thereon ^ 184 

The Jddn/s agreed to and prefented^ 188 

The King's Anjwer thereto^ 189 

Mr Bofcawen acquaints the Boufe with the King's 

having declared War againjf Spain^ ib. 

Mr Treby's Motion for an Jddrefs of Thanks on that 

Occafjony with the Deba:e thereon^ 190 

The Addrefs agreed to^ with the Kng's Anjwer , 191 
Debate on the fecond Reading of a Bill from the 

Lordsy for firengthening the Prote(lant intereji^ ib* 
The faid Bill pajfes the Houfe^ 193 

An Addrefs prefented to the King^ for an Account of 

Penfions granted to Members ^fince May i o, 1 7 1 5 , ib* 
The King's Speech relating to an Invafmifrom Spain ^ ib* 
Motion for an Addrefs of Thanks^ with the Debate 

thereon^ 194 

The Addrefs refohfd on and prefented to the King^ 

with his Mdjeflfs Anfuoer thereto j 195 

Mr Freeman* s motion for adjourning the Call of the 

Houfe^ which had been ordered upon an Expe^a- 

tion of a Bill being brought in for fettling the 

Peerage y 196 

The King's Speech at putting an End to the Mrth 

Seffion^ ib. 

The Parliament prorogued j 198 

The Fifth Seffion of the Firft Parliament 
of King George I. 


XHE King's Speech at opening the Fifth Seffion^ 
tfovember 2'i<, 1719^ 198 

Jarl of Hertford's Motion for an Addrefs of 
Thanks^ with the Debate thereon^ 200 

The Addrefs 20 1 

The King's Anfiver thereto^ 202 

Debate on the fecond Reading of the Peerage-Bill^ ib. 
The faid Bill reje^edy 213 

Vol. I. b The 

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The Commons take into Conltderation the Hang's Speech 
relating to the Publick DebtSy and the Propojab of 
the South-Sea Company and the Banty 213 

Jfter a Debate concerning the Propofals of tho/e two 
Compartiesy the Houfe^ refohe to accept thofe of the 
South -Sea Company y ib* 

A Bill from the Lords for fecuring the Dependency of 
Ireland y after a Debate j pafjes the Houjiy ib. 

A Bill paji'd for enabling the Souih-Sea Company to 
increaje their Capital Stocky 214 

The King^s Meffage relating to ereSiing Corporations 
for infuring Ships and Merchandizey ib* 

A Bill ordered to be brought /«, in Purhance thereof y 215 

Mr Pelham's Motion for an Addrefs of Thanks to the 
King for the above Meffage y which is agreed tOy ib. 

Sir William WyndhanCs Motion for an Account of 
Debts owing for the Civil Liky ib. 

An Addrefs for an Account of 250,000 1. granted 
againjt Swedcny in the Tear 17 17 5 and for an 
Account of the Penfeons given to Members of the 
Houfe ftnce the loth of Mayy 17 19, ib. 

57;^ Commons Addrefs in Purjuance of the ISng*s 
MeJfagCy relating to the Infurances of Ships y isfc. 
with the King's Anfwer thereto y 216 

Ihe King's Speech at putting an End to the Efth 
Sejfmy ^ ib. 

The Parliament prorogued y 218 

The Sixth SefTion of the Firft Parliament 
of King George I. 


rr\HE King's Speech at opening the Sixth Seffiony 

X December 8, 1720, 218 

Mr Puhenefs Motion for an Addrefs of Thantsy 

with the Debate thereon y 219 

Ihe Commons Addrefs of Thanks for the King's Speechy 222 
His Majefiy's Anfwer theretOy 223 

Mr IS'eville moves for the Dire^ors of the South-Sea 
Company to lay before the Houfe an Account of 
their ProceedingSy with the Debate thereony ib. 

Mr Pitt complains of the Dilatorinefs of the South- 
Sea Dirc^orSj i^c. in producing their Accounts^ 
K'kich the next Day are prefented to the Houfe^ 224 


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Mr Shippen moves for recommitting a Rifohition of 
th Committee of Supply^ relating to the Number 
of Land Forces^ with the Rebate thereon, 225 

Tfe Commons^ in a grand Committee , conftder of the 
State of the public k Credit ^with the Debate trereon, ib, 

&> Jojepi Jeiyffs Motion for appointing afeUsi Com- 
mittee to inquire into all the Proceedings relating to 
the South-Sea A^^ ib* 

Mr Rjibert JVjtlpole acquaints the Hmfe of his having 
aSchem^for refloring ofpubUck Credit ; with the 
Debat/ thereoHy ib» 

A Bin ordered to prevent Stoci^Jobbing^ 226 

Afr R, Wa^ole prefents his Scheme to the Hmfe for 
rejioring publick Credit, viz. by ingrafting Nine 
MBons of South-Sea Stock into the Bank, and 
Nine AtilHons into the Eaft-India Company, ib. 

Mr Ireby's Motion for a Bill to prevent Mutiny and 
.Defertion, with the Debate thereon^ ib. 

Sir J. Jekyll moves for a Bill for retraining the 
Sub-Governor, Deputy-Govermnr, Dire^ors, ^c. 
of the South' Sea Company from going out of the 
JSngdom, &V, which is ordered to be brought in, 227 

/ Committee of thirteen Members appointed to inquire 
into all the Proteedings of the South- Sea Dire^ors, 
^c. 228 

Lord Hinchingbroke's Motion for taking the Sub-Go- 
vernor, DireSfors, (^c. of the South-Sea Compa- 
ny into Cit/lody, ib. 

The Commons take into Coajideration the Propofah 
from the South-Sea Company^ for ingrafting nine 
Millions (f their Stock into the Eajl- India Compa- 
ny, and nine more into the Bankj with the Debate 
thereon, ib. 

A Bill ordered in Purfuance thereof, 229 

The Names of the Committee appointed to inquire into 
the Affair' of the South- Sea Company, who are or- 
dered to be a Committee of Secrecy y 23a 

The Bill againU the South-Sea Directors pafs'd, ib. 

Sir Tho, Pengelly acquaints the Houfe, that Mr 
Knight, Cqftner of the South Sea Company, was 
gone off', wheret4>on the Commons prefent two Ad- 
^rejfes to the King relating to that Efcape, ib, 

b 2 Sir 

pigitized by 


xu The Contents. 


Sir Robert Chaplin, Sir Theodore Janfjin^ Mr Fran^ 
(is Eyles^ and Mr Sawbridge^ Dire^ors of the 
Souih-^Sea Company^ ordered to attend in their 
Places, 230 

General Rofs's Motion for fecuring the Perfons of the 
DireSfors^^c. of the South- Sea Company^ 231 

Sir Theodore Janjfen and Mr Sawbridge expeltd the 
Houfe^ ib. 

Jn Addrefi to \he King to get Mr Knight apprehended 
in Foreign Parts \ and his Majejiy gives Direct* 
ons accordingly, ib. 

The Royal AJfent given to two Bilk again ft the Sotttb- 
Sea Dire^orsy ^c. ib. 

Sir Robert Chaplin and Mr Francis EyleSy Dire^ors 
of the South-Sea Company, expend the Houfe^ ib. 

Mr R, TValpole prefents a Bill^ for ingrafting Part ' 
of the Capital Stock of the South-Sea Company in- 
to the Banky and another Part thereof into the 
Eaft-India Company ; which is read the prfi Time. ib. 

Debate on the fecond Reading thereof 2^z 

A Bill to prevent Stock-Jobbing read the fir ft Time, ib. 

An Addrefi to the Kingy upon Advice that Mr Knight 
was in Cujlody in the Caftle of Antwerp, ib. 

A Petition from the South-Sea Company, for allowing 
them farther Time for Payment of the Money due 
from them to the Publici, with the Debate thereon, 233 

A Motion for ^fabUng the Directors of the South'- 
Sea Company, Eafl-India Company, and the 
Bank, from being chofen Members of Parliament, ib. 

The King's Mefjage relating to the abwe Petition (f 
the South-Sea Company ; which is referred to a 
Committee of the whole Houfe, ib. 

The Bill to prevent Stock- Jobbing read a Second 
Time, and committed, ^ 234 

The Commons conftder of the Eng*s MefPige, relat- 
ing to the South- Sea Company's Petition, and re- 
folve to alloiv farther Time to the faid Company 
for Payment, ib. 

The Houfe take into Conftderation the Report from the 
Jecret Committee on the South-Sea Affair 5 and or- 
der a Bill to be brought in for the Relief qf the 
Sufferers^. jb. 


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The CONTENTS. xiii 

h Report from thefecret CommiUee relating to Mr 
Ajlabie^ and Mr Charles ^tanlnpey prefenled and 
taken into Confideratioriy 234 

(r Aijlabie and Sir George CaJwaU expelPd the 
Hfuje^ and committed Prijoners to the Tower ^ on 
Account of their being concerned in the South-Sea 

\ Scheme J 236 

mhe Commons conftder that Part of the Report of the 

F Jecret Committee which related to the Earl of Sun- 

I derland^ with the Debate thereon^ 237 

r Kr Hutchefin moves for an Addrejs to the King, to 
know what Information his Mcqefty had received 
relating to Mr Knight y Cajhier of the South- Sea 
Conipaf^y \h. 

Mr Methueny by the King's Command^ lays before the 
Houfe feveral Letters^ ^c. relating to that Affair ^ 238 

The Royal AJfent given to the Ingrafting Billy ^c. 239 

The Stock' Jobbing Bill engrojs'dy \b. 

Farther Debate on Mr Knight's not being delivered up, ib« 

A4r Lecbmere moves for afecond Addrefs relating to 
the delivering up Mr Knight y which is agreed to 
and prefentedy 24 1 

The J3n^s Anfiver to that Addrefsy ib. 

The South-Sea Sufferer^ Bill read a fecond TmCy 
and cmmittedy ib. 

JM>- Sbippen moves for inquiring what Publick Money 
had been employ' dy by any Receiver ofpubHck Mo- 
neyy in buying Stock in the FkndSy ib* 

Sir W. Wyndham moves for an Account of the War- 
rants^ on which the Commiffioners for ftating the 
Debts due to the Army ana the Demands of Fo- 
reign Princes for SubfedieSy during the late Wary 
have iffued Certificatesy 242 

Debate on the above Motions^ ib. 

The Commons confider the Jecret Committers Report 
relating to Mr CraggSy Jeniory with the Debate 
thereony 243 

The Commons refohe^ that the Eft ate of Mr CraggSy 
femoTy be applied to the Relief of 'the Sufferers by 
the South-Sea SchemCy 244 

Mr Meihuen lays before the Houfe feveral LetterSy 
i^c. relating to Mr Knighty wtth the Debate 
thereon^ ^+5 


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xi7 The C O N T E N T S. 


A Motion in Favour of Mr Aiflabie rejeSiedy 24. 

Mr *Thomas Vernon expeWd the Houfe for a corrupt 
Application to General Rojsy in Favour of Mr 
Atjlabie^ and the Thanks of the Houji returned ta 
General Rofs for the Difcoveryj xh 

Motion for an Addrefs to the Kingy to remove Mr 
Elliot from being one of the Commifftoners of Ex- 
cife^ on Account of his interfering in an EleSiion of 
Members of Parliament J 24< 

A Claufe ordered to difable the late Sub-Governor y Di- 
refers y ^c. of the South- Sea Company ; as alfo^ 
Mr Aiflabie^ to enjoy any Place^ or fit in Parlia^ 
tnenty ib; 

Debate concerning the Allowances to be given to the 
' South-Sea DireSiors^ ^c. out of their EftateSy 247 

Debate concerning the Allowance to Air Aijkbiey 25 1 

The Kings's Mejfagefora Suhfidy to Sweden y and for 
fatisfying the Owners of two Ships burnt on Ac^ • 
count of the Plague y with the Debate thereony 252 

Seventy two thoufand Pounds granted for a Subfidy to 
Sweden^ and ^^yg^S^' f^ the two Ships burnt 
on Account of the Plague y 255 

The York-Buildings Company impowered to dijpofe of 
Part of the Forfeited Eliatesy (which they had 
purchased) by felling Annuities by way of Lottery y ^$6 

A Claufe in Favour of Mr Aijlabiey ib. 

Farther Debate concerning Mr Craggs's EJiatey \h. 

Debate on the Propofal for laying a Mul^ on the 
South-Sea Dire^orSy ib. 

The Bill for Relief of the South-Sea Sufferers read 
the third TimOy and pafs'dy 257 

The King's Meffage relating to the Civil Lift DebtSy 
which the Houfey in a grand Committeey take 
into Conftderationy andy after a Debatey refihe 

^ that a 'tax of One Shilling in the Pound be laid on 
all Payments out of the Civil Lift FundSy ib. 

Mr LowndeSy upon the Report of the faid Refolution 
to the Houfey moves for difagreeing with the Com- 
mitteey with the Debate thereony 259 

The Houfe refolvey that only Sixpence in the Pound be 
laid on the Payments out of the Civil Lifiy ih. 


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The Hbufe prejents to the King an Addrefs reprefent^ 

tag the State of the pubUck Credit^ 26« 

'"[hi Speaker's Speech to the IGng on prefenting the 

Civil UftBill^ ib. 

fbe Eng's Speech in Anfuoer to the Addrefs of the 

Haufe^ relating to the State of the publick Credit J 261 
ibe Enfs Speech at putting an End to the Sixth 

SeJ/Sony ib. 

The Parliament prorogued, 262 

The Seventh Seffion of the Firft Parliament 
of King George I. 

r!E King's Speech at opening the Seventh Sef 
fum, O&oher 19, 1721, 263 

Sir George OxenderCs Motion for an Addrefs of 
Thanh, 265 

The Commons Addrefs, ib. 

The Kin^s Anjwer thereto, 267 

Debate in the Committee of Supply concerning tie 
DOts of the Navy, ib. 

One Mmn granted towards paying the Debts of the 
Navy : And an Addrefs on thatVccafton, 268 

Debate concerning the Nurnber of Land-Forces, ib. 

^ir Gilbert Heathcote's Motion for a Bill for en- 
couraging the Importation of Naval Stores, 269 

Debate on a Bill to forbid Commerce with any Coun- 
try infected with the Plague, ib- 

The faid Bill read the third Time, and pafs'd, 270 

J Bill ordered io be brought in, for the better fecur- 
ing the Freedom of Flexions, ib. 

ABiU ordered to be brought in, in Favour of the fa- 
kers, with Regard to the Form of their Affirma^ 
tion^ which pajfes the Houje, ib. 

iir John Cope charges Mr Baron Page with endea- 
vouring to corrupt the Borough of Banbury, with 
the Debate thereon^ ^75 

The Houfe order Sir John Cope and Mr Baron Page 
to he heard by their Counfel, 276 

Debate on the Bill for fecuring the Freedom ofEle£li- 
ons^ which pajfes the Houje, and is rgeded by the 
Uris^ ib. 


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xvi The C O N T E N T S. 

Farther Proceedings on the Complaint of Sir John 
Cope againji Mr Baron Page, nyi 

7he Hmfe rejohe^ that Sir John Cope had not made 
good Hi Charge again/1 Mr Baron Page^ 27! 

Debate comer ning a Bill^ to impower the South- Sea 
Company to di/pofe of Part of their Capital Fund 
to pay their Debts ; which pa£es the Houfe. ifa 

The Speaker's Speech to the King on prefenting the 
Money BilU 7,ji 

The King's Speech at putting an End to his firft 
Parliamenty ^& 

Ihe Parliament MJfoWd^ a8j 

N. I ■ I I II I N- J 

The Firft Seffion of the Second Parliameni 
of King George I. 


THE Parliament meet^ %%% 

Mr Spencer Compton re-ele^ed Speaker j ib- 

The King's Speech at opening the Fir II Seffion of his 
, Second Parliament^ October w^ 1722, aSj 

Mr Hutchefon moves ^ that the Committee of Privi- 
leges ana Ele^ions be a fele^ Committee of jjb^ 285 
Mr W. PuUeney moves for an Addrefi of Thanks to 

the King for his Speech^ with the Debate thereon^ e86 
Debate on a Bill from the Lords for fufpending the 

Habeas Corpus ASf for one Tear^ ib. 

The faid Bill paffes the Houfe^ and has the Royal 

Affent^ a88 

The Commons Addrefs of Thanh to the IGng for his 

Speech^ 289 

Ms Majejiy's Anfwer thereto^ ago 

Mr Ttreby moves for an Augmentation ^4000 Men 

for the Army^ with the Debate thereon^ 2gl 

The Lords defire a Conference with the Commons^ and 
communicate to them the King's Meffage relating 
to the Pretender's Declaration j and their Refoluti- 
ons thereupon^ atgi 

7o which the Commons ogree^ with an Amendment^ ib^ 
An Addrefs voted on this Occafton^ 2^3 

The joint Addrefs of both Houfes to the iSng^ relat- 
ing to the Pretender's Declarationy ib. 
The King's Anjwer thereto^ 294 


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Itttc CONT^^TS. 

Debate on a Motion for raifihg joo,oo5 1*. on thi 
^dfijis totbafds the Sufpfy 'df'thi current Tear^ 295 

I Bill ordered in Purkance of tbejaii Mftion^ 296 

Dtbde m a Petition from the Souto-Sea Company re- 
lating to the cbWerting one Motety of their Capital 
into JftmdtiiSy ib. 

fbe Names of the Cotnfnittee apptnniei to examine 
(MItepher Layer ^ relating to a Conjpiracy again/I 
the Bifg I an Addrefs refohfd on fir Jeveral Pa- 
pers relating tbireto ; which\ after Deiatfy are 
referred to tbefaid Committee^ , 297 

Debate on a Wl fdr preventing Fraiicts and Abujes in 
the Tohauo-lradej • 298 

i)6at^ onjo^e Amendments made fy the Lords to the 
JkOtiny-BiH,^ lb". 

*lni Commons -eonftder the Report from the Commit feo ' 
on tayer's Pbi: Jdr W. Pultenefs Motion relat- 
ing theretOy with the Debate thereon J 299 

Sir Riiert Raymond moves the Houfe againfl John 

^liinh'tj as an AccompUce in Layer* s Plot^ 30a 

iw Philip torke moves the Houfe againji George Kelly^ 
as an AuohipUce in the faia Ptotj ' ib. 

Mr Yonge morues the Houfe againji Dr Atterhuryy \ 
Bijbop of Roche fler^ as being concerted in the faid 
Phty .. , Z^t 

Bills qf Pains and Penalties^ after fome Debate^ or- , 
dereito be brought in againji the faid John Plun- 
ietj George Kelfyj and the Bilhop ' of Kochejler^ ibw 

DaateonMrR, JVdlpole's Motion for an Addtefs , 
to the IGngy to order Dr Friend to be committed 
for High Treafonj 302 

The Bills ^Snft JohriPbirdlit and George Kelly read 
the fir/i Time^ 303 

Am Addrefs of Cmgratulation to the King for the Dif • 
covery tf the Ploty , 30+ 

S^Jr Kng's Anjiver thereto^ 305 

The Bill againji the Bijbop of RoAefier read tbefiift^ 

' Aimoj ib. 

J Petition ^ George Kelty, to be beard by Counfel 
againji tbe BiU for infixing Pains and Penalties 
on him J which is granted^ ib. 

4 Petition ftbe BJbop tfRocbeJier to thefitiAe Puf^ 
pojiy whith is alfo granted^ . 306 

Vot.I. . C J>ebate 



xviu The CONTEKT& 

Dihati onj Petition ofG^rge Kelly fpr delapng the 


Jecond Reading of the Bill again/t him^ which is 
rejf^ed^ ^66 

The Bill againjfl John Phinket re^d the fecond Ttme^ 
and committed^ vAih the Debase concerning his 
Puni/hmenty ib* 

Debate concerning George KfUfs Pw^/hmenty 307 

7 he Biflxp ofRocheJier declines making his Defence at 
the Bar if the Houfe of Commons^ ib. 

Debate on the third Keading of the Bills agatn/l Plan- 
iet and Kelfy^ 308 

Debate concerning the Pttni/hment of the B\/hop of 
Rochejier^ ^ ib. 

The Billagqinjl his Lord/Kp pajfes the Houfe^ ^ 309 

Debate on the fecond Reading of the Bill for raijing 
loo^ooo 1. on the Papiflsy ' ib. . 

Mr Trenchard*s Motion for including the Nonjurors 
i/i the faid Tax^ which is agreed tOj 315 

The Commons^ in a Grand Committee^ add a Claufe 

, for ittchiMng the Scots Papijls and Nonjurors in the 
faid Bilk ^ ib. 

The above Claufe being reported to theHoufe^ is^ af- 
ter fome Debate^ rejeSied^ and a Bill ordered tor 
regijlering the Eftates of the Scots Papijls and Non-- 

, juror Sy which paffes into a Law ; as does alfi the 
Bill for raijing 100,000 1. on the Papijls j and 
Mewife the Bills againjl Pluntety Kelffy and the 
Bi/hop opRochefUr^ 316 

The King's Speech at putting an End to the Firjl 
SeJUon^ 317 

The Parliament prorogued^ 318 

The Second Seffion of the Second Parliament 
of King George L 

rr\HE King's speech at opening the Sttond S^gioni 
: I January 9, 1723-24, 3^9 

The Commons Addrejs of ^hanks^ ^ 320 

The King's AnfiVer thereto^ ,321 

Debkiconcerran^theTshimbtr of Land'PorctSy . ib. 
Debate on a Petition from the Sufferers by the Baha- 

>mdPr<je£l^ r 32a 

^he Kng'-s Speech at comluding the Second Sefftm^ 323 
7*C Parliament prorogued^ . •..:;. 324 


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The Third Scflion of the Second Parliament 
of King George L 

rr^HE King's Speed/ at opiniag the Third Seffmy '"^^ 
■ Nevember 12, 1724, ^24, 

Edward ThompfitCs Mtm for an Addrefi of 
TbaniSj -j2c 

TheAddrefs, ^^^ 

The Eng's Anfiuer theritOj 326 

Delate concermng the Number rf Land-ForceSj ib. 

Debate on a Petition from the Earl of Oxford and 
Lord Morpeth^ complaining of the Deficiencies of 
the Accounts (f the Mailers in Chancery j and on 
a Motion thereupon relating to the faid MafterSy 333 

The King's MeJJage relating to the Suitors in Chan- 
cery^ and the Accounts rf the Af afters^ 334 

fhe Houfe having taken the fame into Confederation^ Sir 
George Oxenden moves for impeaching Thomas Earl 
of Macclesfield^ lard High Chancellory of Ugh 
Crimes and Mifdemednors j with the Debate 
thereon^ * 305 

SfT Gesrge Oxendetfs Motion agreed to, and a Com^ 
nnttee appointed to draw up Articles accordingly , 336 

A Bill ordered to indemnify the Maflers in Chancery^ 
on Difcovery of what Sums they paid for their Ph- 
cesy which paffes the Hmfe, fl)- 

4 Bill relating to the building tifiy New Churches 
being read a fecond Time, Mr Onflow moves for 
a Claufe to difable any -Body Politick or Corporate, 
from buying Advowfons of Livings j with the />/- 
bate thereon, 337 

Sir George Oxenden reports from the Committee the 
Articles of Impeachment againjl 7homas Earl of 
Macclesfield^ with the Rebate thereon, ib. 

the faid Articles ordered to be etigrojfid, and car* 
riedto the I^ords, 335, ^ 

The Eng's Mejage relating to the Debts of the Ci- 
vil iJ/l, which is referred to a Committee (f the 
whoU Hmje, 339^ 

Mr Pultenefs Motion for an Addrefsfor an Account 
' ef Penfions, paid from Lady-Day 17 ^i, to tdidy^ 
Day 1725, which is agreed to, ib. 

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The Earl of Macclesfield's AnRver to the ArtUUi ef 

Jnipeqchnifn$ rtferted tQ a Chmmittet^ ^^- 

Debate on the tOfig's Mejage relating to the Debts of 

the Civil Lijiy ib. 

Motion for raifwff x^poo^ooo J. for redi$mng the 
. Annuities ^25,060 1. per Ai^num, charged on . 
the Civil uft by an JfSi 7 Gio. L and for paying ' 
, the An'g's Debts s whichy after Debc^te^ is agreed 

Jfr^ 4ddreJsfor an Accmnt rf the. Produce of the Civil 
Lift from jj6^9 /<? J7J5, lb. 

Lord Finfh Mrs tp the t^mfi a Petition f flenry late 
Vifimnt fiolingiroie, prayittg l^ve to etyof a eer^ 
tainjettkd E/latey (sfe, nomjitMaading 'bis Attain* 
dery and moves for a BiB in Purjiiat^e ofthefM 
Petition* ib* 

A Bjlly after D^bate^ trdere4 to h krtfugl^ ii$ ac^ 
' cordingfyy ■ ' / 343 

Sir George Qxenden rMrts the CommUeeU tUpHca- 
fion to the iqri cf M^cc^^fi^pff 4^fi^^, to thf 
Articles of Impeachment^ which is erdetedio pe en- • 
grofs'dy andfent to the tordsy 34.4 

^ , f he Bill in Favot^r ^ L^d So£ffgkreie twice rfody 

aud commitfedy > .. . . .^^ 

Lord'WiHiam Paulet hereupon nmies.for a Claufe to 
di fable him from fitting in Parliament y or holding 
any Placey with the Debate tbereony ' jb. 

The [aid BiH^paffdandfnit to the LordSy : 345 

Names of the Managers at the Bqrl ofMaccf^^^s 
Trialy " ; ib. 

The Lords fend a Meffage to acquaint the Comt^oHSy 
that their LoriJIxps tvere re my to give Judgmfpt 
againjl Thomas Ecfrl ^ ]\/lqce^fi$U 5 viith the 
Debate thereo^y ' p>. 

^he Thinks of the Houfe ordered to be given to fhe^ 
Managers by the Speaker y t^th his Speech on tbqt 
Occafiony which is ordered to be prinudy 346 

The Cmmms demand Judgment againfl Thomas 
Earl of Macclesfieldy who is fitfd 3P,ooo 1. Airul 
lilewije addrefs the ISngy that th^faid Fine be ap^ 
pfy*d towards making- gml the- Deficiencies of the 
Majors in Cbanferyy which hU Maj^y cmptis 
^^> ^ 347 

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^ Jhe ISfijg^s ^ecb at cpnchifyg th JUrd S0^p 34g 
7bi Parliament frorogufd^ o^ 

The Fourth Seflion of the Second ParUamcnt 
of King GfiollG£ L 

TIfE JSng's Speech at opemng tbi Burth Sif- 
ficn^ January ao, 1725-2*. 349 

ffr Etifert Sutton'i Mofrnfir an Addrtfi o/TbanJts. ^c 1 

Ibe Addrefs^ \ . ' ' ' ' ""l^ 

The Bng^s Anfmer iherHOy 35 j 

'DAate concermng the Number rf tand^RrceSf h* 

An Mdrtfi for Ccpies ff the Treaties between the 
Emperor and the Eng of Spain^ to be laid before 
ebeUmfe, . 357 

M- If^lHam Pifben/y^s Motion fir 4^pwiting a Ccm^ 
mittee to ftate the pubUck Debti^ from December 
25, 1714, to December 25, 1725 \ with the 
Debate thereon^ ^% 

Copies of the Hanover Treaty^ and of the treaty be^ 
iween the Emperor and the Eng ^Spain^ Jaid be- 
fore' the Hmfe^ Tb% 

Debate ^thereon^ 359 

Mr Henry Pelbam^s Motion for an Mdrefs of 
Thanh to the Kng^ for communicating' the above 
Treaties to the Houfe^ with the Debate thereon^ 36 j 

Jh Addrefs voted and prefentei to the JSng^ 364 

His Mof^fiys Afifwer thereto^ 3^ 

A Petition of Richard Hampden^ Efq\ for a BiU to 
impower the Lords ff the Treafury to confound 
with him for the Debt due from him to the Crown^ . 
whici? is referred to a Committee qf the wbok 
Houfe, h. 

A Petition of Sir Ihomas Lnvthery and Sir Orlando 
Bridgman^ for a Bill to enable them to ptfrcbaje , 
the hverfm in Fee of their EJates held by Grant ' 

from the Crown^ ' %• 

mo Bills bei^g ordered in Purfu^nce <f the ^tbove 
Petitions J Mr ffyngerford moves for a Bejobaion 
agaittft receiving any more Petitions for purcbafwg 
tie Reverfton of Crown Lands 'p which is agreed tOt 366* 

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xxii The CONTENTsr 

7$i CMffmsi * in a Grand Committee j confider the 
Petitions of Sicbard Hampden j E/q-, Tfabella bis 
Wife^ .ana John Hampden^ Efjy his Brother^ and 
e Bill orderd in their Favour^ • 366 

^be King*s Miffagefor an additional Number tf 
Seamen^ with the Debate theretmy 369 

Mr Shippen*s Motion for an Account of 250,000 1. 
granted agait^ Sweden in the tear in ij^ 37 <^ 

Sir ff^lliam Tonge^s Motion for an Aadrefs to the 
Xing on his MeJ/agOj and for a Ute of Creditj 
which, after Debate^ is agreed to, ib. 

Mis Majenfs Anfvjer thereto, , ib. 

A Bi^. ordered toprepent Bribery at EkHions, which 
paffes the Commons, and is thrown out by the 
Lords, * i 371 

The Rng^s ^eech at conckding the fourth Seffion, ib. 

The Parliament prorogued, 372 

Hie Fifth Seffion of the Second Parliament 
of King George I. 

THE ISng's Speech at opening the Fifth Sef 
fwn, January ly, 1726-27. 372 

M" Onflow* s Motion for an Addrefs of Thanh, with 

the Debate thereon, 376 

The Addrefs, 380 

His Majejifs Anfber thereto, 382 

An Jddr^fs to the King for the AcceJIion of the States 
General to the Treaty of Hanover, and for Copies 
of Letters, &fr. between the Briti/b Miniflers, and 
weCoufUofFienna.andSpdin^ 383 

. Sir Tf^Hiam Wyndham^s, and Mr TVilUam Pulte- • 
r^hefs Motions for feveral other Papers relating 

thereto, ib. 

Debate concerning the Number of Land-Rrces, ih. 

Sir Robert Walpok's Motion for a Land-Tax 0/45. 

un the Pound, which, after Debate, is agreed tQ, 384 
Mr Sandys^' Motion for a Copy of the Letter, on 
which the ISng of Spain founded his Demand of 
. the Rf/fitution ^ Gibraltar 5 with the Debate 
thereon, lb. 

An Addrefs for Papers relating to the Imperial 
' Qjlend Comp(iny, ib. 

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\ Lsrd MorpitVi Mtoim rtkting U the FUetfini intp 
I tb$ Baltick M Tear^ with the DebiUe ther$on^ 384 
\ DAate on a Motion relating to the Sum of 125,000 1. 
ibarg'd for ExtraorMnaries in the Jkeount of the 
■ Deficiencies ofM rear's Grants J 385 

^ An Addrefs to the King for an Account rf the faid 
Sum^ 386 

flif Majeftfs Anjwer thereto^ ib. 

l>A€iie on a Motion^ made by Mr William PuUeneyy 

for aficond Addrefs upon that Uead^ 387 

Ddfote on a Petition from the Commiffioners cf 
Hdwiers and Pedlars^ for a Bill to enable them to 
confound for a Debt due to the Crown^ 389 

The find Petition rgeSfed^ 390 

Lord FttzwilHams tales Notice of an abupve Memo* 
rial being prejented to the JGng by the Emperof's 
' Mmfler^ arid moves for the fame to be laid be* 
fore the Hnife ; which is prefented accordingly y * ihi 
Debate tbereony 39I 

JnAddreJs voted on' that Occajson, to which the Com* 
I mons ieftre the Concurrence of the Lords ; winch 
' being agreed tOy the faid Addrefs is prefented to 

the Engy 392 

^ Ks Majefifs Anfuoer iheretOy 393 

r DAute on Mr Scrope*s Motion for a Vote of Cre£ty ib. 
fir WWam Tongas Motion for 370,000 1. to be 
granted out of the Coal-Duty towards the Supply ; 
, with the Debate thereouy 396 

A Bill ordered in Purfiiance of Sir WiHam Tonge's 

Motiony iMch paffes the Houfcy ib* 

The Bng's Speech ae conckding the Fifth Sejfmy 397 
The P/trEament proroguedy 398 

The Death of Kifig George L ^. 

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I N T H E 

Houfe of Commons^ 


The Laft Seffion of the Fourth Parliament 
of Great Britain. 

ER Majefty Queen ANNE dying on ^e^^P"lumcnt 
Sunday the firft oi Auguft 1714, and the bilng ihf XcceirK 
Crown of thefe Realms immediately de- ^l jt^ 

George I. 

volving to his royal highnefs the Eledlor 
of Hanover, purfuant to the adl of Settle- 
ment pafs'd in 1701, the Parliament, ac- 
cording to a refolution taken in Council, 
met that very day ; but Sir Thomas Hanmer, bart. Speaker / 

of the Houfe of Commons, knight of the fhire for Suffolk, be- 
ing in the country, Mr William Bromley, member for the uni- Mr w. Bronjicy's 
verfity of Oxford, and Secretary of State, mov'd to adjourn ^^ ^'^'^ *" ^'y**"*' 
Ihe Wednefday following ; which being feconded. Sir Richard ^^ «• ^^^^* 
Vol. I. A . Onflow^ ' 

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( 2 ) 

Anno^. Geo. I. Qnflow, bart. memberof parliament for the county of Surry, 
^ opposed the fame, as being too long an adjousnment at fo 
critical a jundure, and therefore mov'd for adjourning to the 
next Day only ; which laft motion was agreed to. This and 
the three following Days being {pent in taking) the oaths, &c. 
On the 5 th the * lord Harcourt, lord high Chancellor, and 
the reft of the Lords Juftices, came to the Houfe of Lords, 
and the Houfe of Commons being fent for, and attending, the 
lord Chancellor made the following fpeech to both Houfes of 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

i^^juftice$ <c 1 J* having pleas'd almighty God to take to himfelf our 
" 1 late mott gracious Queen, of bleffed memory, we hope 
" that nothing has been omitted, which might contribute to 
*' the fafety of thefe realms, and the prefervation of our rcli- 
** gion, laws, and liberties, in this great conjunfture. As 
** thefe invaluable bleflings have been fecured to us by thofe 
** afts of Parliament, which have fettled the fuccefiion of thefe 
" kingdoms in the moft illuftrious houfe of Hanover, we have 
** regulated our proceedings by thofe rules which are therein 
** prefcrib'd. 

" The Privy Council foon after the demife of the late 
" Queen, aflembled at St. James's, whpre, according to the 
** faid ads, the three inftruments were produced and open'd, 
" which had been depofited in the hands of the Archbiftiop 
" of Canterbury, the lord Chancellor, and the Reiident of 
" Brunfwick. Thofe, who either by their offices, or by vir- 
** tue of thefe inftruments, had the honour of being appoint- 
" ed Lords Juftices, did, in conjundlion with the Council, im- 
" mediately proceed to the proclaiming of our lawful and 
" rightful fovereign King GEORGE, taking, at the fame 
^* time, the neceflary care to maintain the publick peace. 

" In purfuance of the ads before-mention'd, this Parlia- 
" ment is now aflembled ; and we are perfuaded, you all 
** bring with you fo hearty a difpofition for his Majefty's fer- 
** vice, and the publick good, that we cannot doubt of your 
" affiftance in every thing which may promote thofe great 
** ends. 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons, 
*' We fiiid it neceflary to put you in mind, that feveral 
" branches of the publick revenue are expir'd by the demife 
*' of her late Majefty 5 and to recommend to you, the mak- 
** ing fuch provilions, in that refped, as may be requifite to 
** fupport the honour and dignity of the Crown : And we af- 

" fure 

• Tfe was rerwfoed^ and fucceeded hy Zofd Cowper', ^^th September, 
fji^t hut created a Vifamtf snda Trhy CotttifsOory t^b Aug. 1721. 

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{ 3 ) 
" fare ourfelves, you will not be wanting in any thing that 
" may conduce to the eilablifhing and advancing of the 
" poWick credit. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
" We forbear laying before you any thing that does not 
" require your immediate confideration, not having received 
"" his Majefty's pleafure ; we fhall only exhort you, with the 
" greateft eameftnefs, to a perfedt unanimity, and a firm Ad- 
" herence to our Sovereign's intereil, as being the only 
'* means to continue among us our prefent happy tranqui- 
" lity. 

Hereupon it was reiblv'd, nem, con. that an humble Ad- ^^*^,J° *^ 
drcis be prefented to his Majefty, which a Committee was ap- ^ " '^ ***** 
pointed to draw up ; and it was unanimoufly refolved alfo to 
take into coniideration the next day, the Lords Juftices ipecch 
to both Houfes. 

On the 6th, Mr. William Broniley accordingly reported 
the iaid addrefs ; which being read, was unanimoufly agreed 
to, and was as follows : 

Moft gracious Sovereign, 
' \X 7T£ yonr Majefty's moft dutiful and loyal fubje6b, the The CommoM 

* VV Commons of Great Britain in Parliament affembled, ^^^'*' 

* having a juft fenfc of the great lofs the Nation has fuftain'd 

* by the death of our late Sovereign lady Queen Anne, 6f 
' Uefted memory, humbly crave leave to condole with your 

* Majefty on this fad occafion. 

* It would but aggravate our forrow, particularly to enu- 

* merate the virtues of that pious and moft excellent Princefs : 
' The duty we owe to your Majefty, and to our Country, 
' oblige us to moderate our grief, and heartily to congratu- 

* late your Majefty's acceftion to the throne, whofe princely 
' virtues give us a certain profpeft of future happinefs, in the 

* fecurity of our religion, laws, and liberties, and engage 

* us to afture your Majefty, that we will, to our utmoft, 

* Tupport your undoubted right to the imperial Crown of 

* this realm, againft the Pretender, and all other perfons 

* whatfoever. 

* Your faithful Commons cannot but exprefs their impati- 

* cnt deiire for your Majefty's fafe arrival and prefence in 

* Great Britain. 

* In the mean time, we humbly lay before your Majefty 

* the unanimous refolution of this Houfe, to maintain the 

* pablick credit of the nation, and efFedually to make good 

* all Funds which have been granted by Parliament, for the 

* fecurity of any money which has been, or (hall be advan- 

* ccd for the publick fervice, and to endeavour, by every 

A 2 ^ thing 

Digitized by ^OOQIC 

Afinoc. Geo. I. 

Mr W. Bromley. 

Motion ftr a 

Mr Wykes. 

{ 4 ) 

^ thing in our power, to mlakc your Majefty's reign happj 

* and glorious. 

Mr Bromley, in his motion for the foregoing addrefs 
dwelt* much on the great lofs the nation had fuftain'd by th< 

MrR.waipoic. Queen's death ; and was back'd by * Mr Robert Walpole 
member for Lynn, who mov'd, that they fhould giv( 
the King affurances of their making good all Parliamentarj 

i4rT. Onflow. Funds. f Mr Thomas Onflow, member for Guilford, faic 
thereupon, * that the principal ftrefs of the Addrefs oughi 

* not to lie upon condoling, but upon congratulating, an^ 

* giving the King affurances of their readinefs to maintair 
^ both his Majefty's undoubted title to the Crown, and pub 
' lick Credit.' 

The fame day a motion being made, that a Supply be 
granted to the King, for the better fupport of his Majefty's 
houfhold, ^c. the conflderation thereof was referred to the 
Committee of the whole Houfe the next day, when the fame 
was agreed to nem. con, and fram'd into a refolution. And 
on the 7th a Bill being ordered to be brought in accordingly, 
Mr. Wykes, member for Northampton, propofed tacking 
to it a Bill for limiting the number of Officers in the Houfe of 
Commons, but nobody feconding that motion, it drppp'd. 

Some members having mov'd for Sir William Wyndham, 
bart. member for Somer^tfliire,and Chancellor of the Exche- 
quer,to be Chairman of the grand Committee ofSubfidy,Mr 
Mr R. Walpole. Robert Walpole reply 'd, that Mr. Conyers, member for 
Eaft Grinflead, had for fo many years fo well difcharg'd that 
office, that it would be ungrateful, unmannerly and impru- 
dent to chufe another ; on which Mr Conyers carried it. 

Then it waspropos'd to give the King one million fterling; 

but this motion, tho' not djreftly opposed, afterwards dropt. 

Mr Conyers. jiug, 1 2. Mr. Conyers prefcnted to the houfe a Bill for the 

better fupport of his Majefty's houftiold, £5* c. and on the fe- 

MrH.waipoie's ^ond reading thereof die next day, ** Mr Horatio Wal- 

wotjonfor^^^L-igpoIe, member for Caftle-Rifmg, mov'd, that the Com- 

Troops, and offer- mittee of the whoIc Houfe, to whom the faid Bill was 

aplrchendTthc ^^ Committed, might have power to receive one claufe, to 

pretender. enable the Lord Treafurer, or Commiffioners of the Trea- 

fury for the time being, to iffue the fam of 65022 1. 8 s. 8 d. 

being the arrear due to the troops of Hanover, for their fer- 

vice in the Low Countries in *the year 171 2, out of the 

300,000 1. 

♦ Since ereatei a Knkht of the Bath, afierrvanb (ftbe Garter, maje 
Chancellory and Under-TreafrnTr (f the Kxcheqitefy &C. 

t New Lord Onflow. 

♦* Since made Auditar rf the Plantatim A:crtHntiy fmtit Secretary tn 
the Treafnry, &c. iww Ctgerer to the Hmjhoid. mid Axtbajjador to tbt Sttt.'J 
General, &^, 

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;oo,ooo ]. granted in the laft feffion of Parliament to her late Anno i. gm. l 
^Nbjefty, towards fatisfying the debt due on account to the sJJ^^v^*^^^ 
^ kjii- Forces. And another claufe to enable and require the 
' lord high Treafurer, i^c. to iffue out of any money granted 
tr parliament 1 00,000 1. for apprehending the Pretender, if. 
atr he ihould land, or attempt to land in any of his Maje- 
sty's dominions. 

Sir William Wyndham feconded Mr Walpole in the firftsirW.wyndJuuiu 
claufe ; and Mr Shippen, member for Saltafh, very ingenu- Mr shippen. 
ojfly own'd he had opposed that payment in the late reign, 
f bat that he was for it now. Mr Aldworth, member for MrAidwoijh. 
Windfor, back'd likewife the motion ; but as if he defign'd 
to expofe the member, who, at this junfture, appeared fo 
forward to pay thofe very troops, which, a few months be- 
fore, he had treated as Runaways, he faid, " That for his 
part, he had formerly been againft that payment, becaufe he 
had been given to underlland, in that very hoiife, that thofe 
troops were Deferters ; but that he had (Ince been in- 
' formed, that they were hir'd to fight, and had ferv'd well as 
long as there was fighting ; and if when they came in fight 
of the enemy, they who had hir'd them, would not fufer 
them to fight, he did not fee the reafon why they fhould be 
called Deferters." As to the claufe, for a reward of 1 00,000 1. 
for apprehending the Pretender, Mr Campion, knight of the Mr Campin. 
Siire for SuiTex, faid, " That he was not in the Houfe 
) when that claufe was mov'^d ; but if he had been prefent, he 
would have opposed it, becaufe, in his opinion, the Prote- 
ftant Succeffion was no longer in danger, fince his Majelly's 
peaceable acceffion to the throne ; and he defy 'd' all the houfe 
■ to prove the contrary." He was feconded by Mr Ship- MrShippwu 
) pen : but Mr * W. Pulteney, member for Heydon, and, after Mr w.PoUeney. 
him the + lord Lumley, member for Arundel, argu'd, LordLqniey* 
" That the Proteftant Succeflion was in danger, as long 
as there was a Popifh Pretender, who had many friends 
I both at home and abroad : That the late Queen was 
fenfible of that danger, when fhe iffu'd out her proclama- 
tion againA him ; and that the cafe was not altered by her 
MajeHy's demife : That the nation would be at no charge, 
if the Pretender did not attempt to land ; and if he did, 
100,000 1. would be well beftow'd to apprehend him." To 
which no reply was made. 

The Commons having pafs'd the Subfidy Bill, and two 
others, and the fame being alfo returned to them pafs'd by 
;he Lords ^ on the 2ifl o{ Auguft the Lords Juftices went to 


• MdS? Vrivy CoHiifelhr and Secretury at Wary Sept, 17, 1714. t$ii4 
Ogp'or ^ the Houfhaidy May 23, 1713, 
f #5a7 Earl ft/ Scarbro42^» 

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Anno 1. Geo. I. the Houfc of Lords, and the Commons attending, the Spt 
ker, cm prefenting the Bill, For the Better Support of his M 
jefiy's Houjholdy &c. together with another Money-bill, ma 
the following Speech. 

My Lords, 

The speakerVi * T^ ^ ^ Knights, Citizens, and Bargefles of Great Bi 

iSdsVftic^on * X tain, in Parliament aflembled, under the prefei 

subSy-Blij'^&c. * ^ppinefs they enjoy, by his Majefty's peaceable and qui 

' acceffion to the throne, could not enter upon any Wor 

* more fatisfadory and pleafing to themfelves, than the pre 

* viding a fufficient revenue for the occafions of his Majefiy 

* civil government, in order to make his reign as eafy an 

* profperous, as the beginning of it hath been fecure and un 

* difturb'd. 

* They are fenfible, that the peace of the Kingdom is no 

* to be preferv'd, nor the rights and liberties of the Subjedl 

* to be proteded, without fupporting the juft authority an< 

* dignity of the Crown ; and therefore they have thought i 

* their intereft, as well as duty, to make fuch a provifion, ai 

* may not barely fuffice to the neceflity of the Governmentj 

* but may be fuitable to the ftate, the honour, the luftre^ 

* which the Crown of Great Britain ought to be attended 

* with. 

' Whatfoever is fuperfluous in that provilion, and more 

* than the ordinary fervices of his Majeify fhall require, will 

* but enable him to exert his higheft and moft valuable pre- 

* rogative of doing good : And we can give no greater proof 

* ofthetruft we repofe in his Majefty's gracious difpofition, 

* than putting the fame entire revenue into his hands, wluch 

* her late Majefty died poffefs'd of 5 whofe virtues we all ad- 

* mir'd, and of whofe afFeftions and concern for the religion, 

* laws, and liberties of this kingdom, we had had fo long 

* experience. 

* As the Crown itfelf defcends immediately, and knows no 

* vacancy, the Commons have taken care that the revenue 

* Ihould follow it as clofe as poffible ; for they havfe given all 

* the difpatch to this grant, which the forms of their pro- 

* ceedings would allow 5 fo that when his Majefty Ihall pleafe 

* to anfwer the impatient defires of his people, by coming to 

* take poffeffion of his kingdoms, he will find himfelf equally 

* eftablifh'd in thefe revenues, as if he had fucceeded to all 
' by an uninterrupted right of inheritance ; the only difFe- 

* rence is this, that if he had inherited them, he would have 

* wanted one fmgle proof of the duty, and affedlion, and 

* unanimity of his fubjedb. 

' Our defire is, that this may be look'd upon as an earncft 

* and a pledge of that zeal and fidelity which we fhall always 


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' retain, and which, upon every occafion, we fhall be ready Anno i. Ceo. l 
' to demonfbate to his Majefty's perfon and government : As vJ?^v/-n^ 
y fach, we hope, his Majefty will gracioufly accept it at this ^"^^^^"^^ 

time ; and hereafter, when he fhall have had experience • 
>'of this firft voluntary offering of his loyal Commons, we 

nope he will find it to his fatisfadion, as large and as ample 
^ as he could wifli ; might but the term of the grant be as 
y long as we could wilh, fmce it is to have equal continuance 

* with his Majefty's life. 

My Lords, 

* The Bill which the Commons have pafs'd for the pur- 
' pofes I have mentioned, is entitled, Jn AS for the better 
' ^wfpori 9/ his Majtflfs Hou/boU, bfc, 

* They have alfo prepared another Bill, entitled, Aft A3 
' for re Biffing Miftakes in the Names of the CommiJ/ioners for 
' the Land-Tax, and for raifing fo much as is nuanting, to make 

* uf the Sum of Fourteen Hundred Ihoufand Pounds, intended 
' tQ hi raised by a Lottery for the Puhlick Ser*uice in the Year 

* 1 71 4. This having been recommended to their care, and 
' appearing to them to be neceflkry for his Majefty's and the 
' ptft>lick iervice, they have reafon to think, they have abun- 
' dandy fupply'd the defeds in the former provifion ; and in 
' this afTurance, they humbly prefent this bill alfo for the 

* royal aflent. 

Then the Lords Juftices gave the royal aflent to the two ^. ^ , ,^ . 

Ill' . y ' \ r ' r.1 1 .... The Royal Aflent 

^buls mentioned m the foregomg Speech ; and to An AS to givea thereto. 
nahle Perjbns rejiding in Great Britain, to take the Oaths^ 
mddo ail other ABs in Great Britain, requifite to qualify them^ 
lelvts to continue their refpeSinfe Places, Offices, and Empky^ 
nents in Ireland. 

After which the Lord Chancellor made the following 
Speech to both Houfes. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
" IX 7" E cannot but exprefs our greateft fatisfadion, and, LordChan^ort 
" VV ^ ^s Majefty's name, return you thanks, for the- iSes. 
" convincing proofs which you have given, in this feffion, of 
" your duty and affedlion to his Majefty, and of your zeal 
" for his government. 

" We muft particularly thank you, Gentlemen of theHoufe 
" of Commons, for the aids which you have granted to his 
** Majefty, for the better fupport of the honour of the Crown, 
" and for preventing any difappointment in the Supplies given 
" in the laft feflion for the fervice of this year. You may be 
" affar'd, that the unanimity, the chearfulnefs, and the dif- 
^" patch, with which you have proceeded in granting thefe 

«* aids. 

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Awio I. Geo. I. « aids, will render them yet more acceptable to his Majefly ; 
ty^\/^\^ " ^^^ you may depend upon our making a faithful reprefon- 
^ ** tation thereof to him. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
" All neceflary bufinefs being now happily concluded, ii 
** will be proper for us to put a fpeedy end to thisSeffion, 
*S We think fit, at prefent, in his Majefly 's name, to defirf 
** you forthwith refpedlively to adjourn your felves unti] 
" Wednefday next. • 

After which adjournment, viz. 25th of ^ugufi^ the Com- 
mons being met again, Mr Bromley acquainted the Houicj 
that the Lords Juflices had received his Majefly's anfwer tc 
the Addrefs of this Houfe at the beginning of this Seflion i 
which he prefented to the Houfe, and is as follows : 
il^rJ^'ifcc^m- " \7'OUR dutiful and loyal Addrefs is very acceptable to 
inonsAddrcfc. ** \ me. The unanimity and aifedlion my Commons 
*' have fhewn upon my acceffion to the Crown, are mofl agree- 
** able inflances and pledges of their fidelity to me. I have 
** a juft fenfe of your inexpreffible lofs, by the death of your 
" late Sovereign. You may be affur'd of my conflant endea- 
** vours to fecure to you the full enjoyment of your religion, 
** laws, and liberties ; and that it will always be my aim, to 
' *' make you an happy and flouriftiing people ; to which your 
*« refolution to maintain the publick credit of the Nation, 
" will greatly contribute. 1 am haflening to you according 
*' to your eamefl defire, and the jufl expefiations of xny 
** people. 

After this, the Lords Juflices went to the Houfe of Peers, 
and the Commons attending, the Lord Chancellor, made the 
following fpeech : 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

LordChanccUor's « T TAvJng, fincc your late adjournment, received hia 

ISiS^hcjKSk^ " X X Majefty's moft gracious anfwer, under his figj^ 

jncnt. « manual, to your feveral addreffes ; and by his Majefly*s 

*' command, order'd them to be delivered to you refpedUve- 

" ly i we do now in his Majefly's name, prorogue this pre- 

*' fent Parliament 'till Thurfday the 23d day of September 

" next ; and this prefent Parliament is accordingly prorogu'd 

** to Thurfday the 23d day of September next. 

^he End of the loft Seffion of the fourth Parliament of 
Great Britain. 

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S P E E C H E S 



1 N T H £ 

F7rjt Sepon of the First PAumMENi;^ 

O F 

King George L 

Being the FifthParliament of Great Brttdin^ 

ON tiie 17th of March, 1714-15, the Parliament Anno t.cJed.L 
met at Wefbninfter according to the writs of fum- sT^^^^^^m^^ 
mons. And the King being come to the Houfe of Ar^*^ 
Lords, and feated on the throne with the ufual 
foleninity, the gentleman Ufher of the black rod was fent ^^ Parijamcni 
with a meifegc to the Houfe of Commons, commanding their meet. 
attendance in the Houfe of Peers 5 the Commons being come 
thither, hia Majc^'s pleafure was fignify'd to them by the 
Loid Chancellor, that they Ihould return to their Houfe 
ind chufe their Speaker^ and prefent him to his Majefty on 

die 2ift. 

The Commons being rctum'd to their Houfe, the Earl ^ 

of Hertford, fon to the Duke of Somerfet, propps'd th6 
honourable * Mr Spencer Compton, knight of the (hira forNirCartptditjflk'i 
Soflex, for Speaker^ aiid being feconded by f Lord Finch,*"^ ^^^"' 
he was eled^ tietn. Con. ' 

On the 2ift the King came to the Houfe of Lords with 
die uftial fol«nnity 5 and the Houfe of Commons attending} 
prcfented the hon. Spencer Compton, Efq; for their Speaker; 
whom his Majefty approv'd ; after which the Lord Chan- 
Vox. I. B celloif 

• AfM^ pMmafie^ Ginerat of the Forces in March I7ii-1, Jwi? cfedtii 
tjtrl tf Wilmington, mw Lvrd Trefiknt 0/ the Conml ^ ^ . , _ 

t MaJe C^u^Mlef of tbt SmJbfUU^Y'i'J'^h snijtnct ^V^'^W i if^ 

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cellor read the following Speech, deliverM into his hands by 
the King. . 

f Lords and Gentlemen, . 
HIS being the firft opportunity that I have had of 
meeting my People in Parliament, fmce it plcas'd 
" Almighty God, of his good providence, to call me to the 
** Throne o/ my anceftors, I moft gladly make ufe of it to 
" thank my faithful and loving SuQefts, for that zeal and 
*' firmnefs that hath been fhewn-in defence of- the Proteftant 
** Succeflion, againft all the open and fecret practices that 
** have been ufed to defeat it : ' And I fhall never forget the 
• «• obligatioi^ have to thofe who have diftinguifli'd them- 
" ftlves upSfthis occafipn. ♦ 

" It were to be wifh'd,' that the unparalleled fucceffes of 
** a war, which was fo wifely and chearfuUy fupported by 
" this Nation, in order to procure a good Peace, had been 
** attended with a fuitable conclufion : But it is with concern 
** I muft te^ you, that fome conditions even of this Peace, 
** eflential tb the fecurity and trade of Great Britain, are not 
** vet duly executed ; and the performance of the whole may 
V be look'd upon as precarious, until we (hall have form'd 
*' defenfive alliances to guaranty the prefent treaties. 

" The Pretender, who ftill refides in Lorrain^ threatens to 
*' difturb us, and boafls of the afliftance which he flill expeds 
** here to repair his former diiappointments. 

'* A great part of our trade is rendered impra£licable ; this, 
** if not retrieved, muift deiiroy our manufaftures, and ruin 
" our navigation. 

** The publick debts are very great, and furprizingly in- 
** creas'd, even fmce the fatal ceilation of arms. My firft 
, ** care was to prevent a farther increafe of thefe debts, by 

" paying off forthwith a great number of (hips which had 
** been kept in pay, when there was no occafion for continu- 
** ing fuch an cxpence. . . 

Geptlemen of the Houfe of Conmions, . 

" I rely upon you for fuch fupplies a Jthe prefent circum- 
** ftances of our affairs require for this year's (ervice, and for 
* * the fupport of the publick faith. . The eftimates (hall be 
** laid before you, that yon may cor fid ir of them ; and 
** what you (hall judge neceiTary for your iafcty, I Ihall think 
** fufficient for mine. , 

'* I doubt not but you will concur with me in opinion, that 
** nothing can contribute more to the fupport of the credit of 
** the nation, than a fiti&. obfervance of all Parliamentary 
•** Engagements. ... . 

** The branches of the revenue, formerly granted for the 
^ fupport of tite civil Government^ are fo far incumber'd and 

" alic- 

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( l» ) 

" alienated, tliat the produce of the Funds which remain, 

" and have been granted to me, will fall much fliort of what 

" was at ftrft delign'd, for maintaining the honour and dig- 

" mty of the Crown : And fince it is my happinefs (as I am- 

" confident yoa think it yours) to fee a Prince of Wales^ 

" who may, in due time, fuccced me on the Throne, and to 

" fee him bleffed wth many children, the befl and mofl va- 

" luable pledges of our care and concern for your profperity i 

'* this muft occafion an expence to which the nation has not 

" of many years been accuftom'd ; but fuch as furely no. 

" man will grudge ; and therefore I do not doubt but you 

** will think of it with that affeftion which I have reafon to 

« hope from you. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

" The eyes of all Europe arc upon you, waiting the iflue 

" of this firft Seffion. Let no unhappy divifions of Parties- 

" here at home, divert you from purfuing the common in- 

" tereft of your Country : Let no wicked infinuations dif- 

** quiet the minds of my Subjedb. The eftablifti'd conttitution 

** in Church and State Ihall be the rule of my Government 9 

** the happineis, eafe, and profperity of my people, ihall b^ 

** the chief care of my life. Thofe who afiift me in carrying 

** on thefc meafures, J fhall always efleem my beft Friends > 

" and I doubt not but that I (hall be able, with your aflifl- 

** ance, to difappoint the defigns of thofe who would deprive 

" me of that ble&ig, which 1 moft value, the affe^Uons of 

** my People, 

On the 23d, Mr Speaker having reported to the Houfe the 
King^s Speech, Mr Robert Walpole made afpeech, in which 
he fct forth the great happinefs of thefe Nations by his Maje- 
fty's (eafonaUe acceffion to the Crown ; ran through the Mif- 
managemcints of the four laft preceding years ; and concluded 
with a motion for an Addrefs of Thanks to the King,conform- 
able to the feveral heads of his Majefty's Speech. He was 
feconded by the lord Hinchinbroke, * member for Huntings 
don ; and none but Sir William Whitlocke, member for the 
Univerfity of Oxford, having rais'd any Objedlion againfb 
Mr Walpole's motion, it wiUJ-efolv'd, 

That an Addrefs he prefented to his Majefty ; and a Com^ 
mittee was appointed to draw it .up» of which Mr Walpolo 
was ele^ed Chairman ; which was as follows ; 

Mod gracious Sovereign, 
' 1^0 UR Majefty's moft ^dutiful and loyal Subjefts, the 
1 X Commons of Great Britain in Parliament affembled, 
B z retura 

Aonoi. Geo.I« 

Mr WdlpdcM 
Motion for litk 
Addrefs of 

The Aidxcis, 

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return your Majcfty their unfeigned thanks fbr your moft. 
gracious Speech from the Throne. 

* 'Tis with inexpreflible joy that we approaclf your Maje^ 

* fty, peaceably feated upon the Throne of your royal an- 

* ceftors ; and being throughly fenfible of the many open and 

* fecret pradlices that have of late years been ufed to defeat 
^ the Proteftant SucceflJon, we cannot fufficiently adore the 

* Divine Providence, that fo feafonably interpofed, and faved 

* this Nation by your Majefly's happy acceflion to the 
/ Crown. 

* Your faithful Commons receive with the higheft grati- 
^ tude, your moft gracious affurances, that the eftablifhed 

* Conftitution in Church and State, fhall be the rule of your 

* Government ; and the fafety, eafe, and profperity of your 

* People, the chief care of your life. We are fenfible of your 

* goodnefs expreffed to thofe who have diftinguifti'd them- 

* felvcs by their zeal and firmnefs fbr the Proteftant Succefli- 

* on : And as we doubt not, but the wifdom and fteadinefs of 

* your Government will unite the hearts of all your feithful 
^ fubjeffe in duty and aiFedion to your (acred perfon, fo we 

* moft humbly beg leave to aflure your Majefty, that we 

* not only highly relent the wicked infinuations ufed to dif- 
^ quiet the minds of your fubjeds, but are rcfolved, to the 

* utmoft of our power, to fupprefs and extinguilh that 

* evil difpofition that is ftill at work to deprive your Majefty 

* of the afFeftions of your people. 

' We are fenfibly touch'd, not only with the difappoint- 

* ment, but with the reproach brought on the Nation by 

* the unfuitable conclufion of a war, which was carryM on 

* at fo vaft an expence, and was attended with fuch unparal- 

* leird fucceiTes : But as that diftionour cannot in juftice be 

* imputed to the whole Nation, fo we firmly hope and be- 

* lieve, that thro' your Majefty's great wifdom, and the 

* faithful endeavours of your Commons, the reputation of 
' thefe your Kingdoms will in due time be vindicated and 

* reftored. 

* We are under aftonifhment to find, that any conditions of 

* the late peace, effential to the fccurity and trade of Great 

* Britain, fhould not be duly ^jiecuted ; and that care wi« 

* not taken to form fuch alliances, as might have rendered 

* that peace not precarious. And as no care ihall be want^ 

* ing in your loya? Commons to enquire into thefe fatal Mi€* 

* carriages, fo we entirely rely on your Majefty's wifdom^ 
' to enter into fuch allianc^ as you mall judge neceflary to 
« preferve the peace of Europe ; and we faithfully promife to 

* enable your Majefty to make good all fuch engagements. 

< It is with juft refentmentwe obferve, that the Pretender 
< ftill rcfidcs in JLprraii,.and that he has ^e prefomption, by 

^^ deda-s 

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* dedaradons from thence, to ftlr up your Majefty's Subjeds ai»o x. gm.l 

* to rebellion : Bat that which raifcs the utmoft indignation 

* of your Commons is, that it appears therein, that his hopes 

* were built upon the meafures that had beea taken fof fomc 

* time pali in Great Britain. It fhail be our bulinefs to trace 

* out thofe meafures whereon he placed his hopes, and to 

* bring the authors of them to condign punifhment. 

* Your Commons are under tlie oeepell concern, that a 
' great part of our trade is rcndcr'd impradlieable, which, if 

* not rctricv'd, muft dcftroy our manufadures, and ruin our 

* navigation : But tho' we are too feniible of thofe fatal 

* confequences, we are not yet without hopes, that your 

* Majeily's great wifdom, by the affiftance of your Commons, 

* may find means to extricate your People from their prefent 

* difficulties. 

* The Ueffings derived to thefe Nations from your Maje- 

* fty's aufpicioas reign, are not confined to the ppcfent times ; 
' we have a profpeft of future and lailing happinefs entail'd 

* upon your People by a long fucceflion of your royal pro- 

* geny. AncMis this is a bleiling which thefe Kit^dums have 

* a long time wanted, fo they could never hope to have feen 

* it fo well fupply'd, as in the perfon of his Royal Highnefs 

* the Prince of Wales, and his ifiue. Your fkidiful Com- 

* moos fhall therefore think it their duty to enable your Ma- 

* jefty to fupport the dignity of the CroWn, and to make aa 

* honourable provifion for the Royal Family. 

* The furprizing increafe of the publick debts, even fince 

* all thoughts of carrying on the war were laid afide, (hall not 

* difcourage us from granting fuch fupplies as ihall be necef. 

* fary for the fervice of this year, and the fupport of pub- 

* lick faith ; And we do entirely concur with your Majefty 

* in opinion, that nothing can contribute more towards pre- 

* ferving the credit of the Nation, than a ftrift obfervance of 

* aU Parliamentary Engagements, which we are firmly refol- 
^ ved upon all ocotfioss inviolably to maintain. 

Upon the reading of this Addrefs, there arofe a warm De- Debate *»«». 
bate in the Houfe : Mr Shippen, Mr Bromley, Sir William 
Wyndham, Lieutenant General Rois member for the (hire 
of Rofs, Mr C3e(ar member for Hertford, Mr Ward mem^ 
bcr for Thctford, Sir * Robert Raymond member for Lud- 
low, Sir William Whitlocke, Mr Hungerford member for 
Scarbrough, and fome others, raifed objedions againft divers 
expreffions in the Addrefs ; but were anfwer'd by Mr Robert 


• 14a^. Attomffy-Gmeral^ 5e&May, 1710,' LvriCmef fiiflice of tU 
J&^jB«?db, Feb,a8, 171^ W afttnostrds crumdMliam ^ Great 

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Mr Robert Wal- 
pole and Gen. 

Sir 'William 

Sir Gilbert Hcath- 

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Walpole, General + Stanhope member for Cockermouth, 
Sir Gilbert Heathcote member for Hellion, and Mr Willi- 
am Pulteney. General Rofs, among the relt, iniifted much, 

* That the condemning the Peace^ and cenfuring the late 
Miniftry, was a refledion on the late Queen, whofe aft and 
deed tlie Peace was ; and that he was lure the rcflefting on 
the late Queen, could not be agreeable to his prefentMajelly.* 
He was anfwer'd by Mr Robert Walpole, and General Stan- 
hope, * That nothing was farther from their intentions, than 
to afperfe the late Q^een ; that they rather defigned to vin- 
dicate her memory, by expofing and punilhing thofe evil 
Counfellors, who deluded her into pernicious meafures j 
whereas the oppofite Party endeavoured to fcreen and juftify 
thofe Counfellors, by throwing oa that good, pious, and 
well-meaning Princefs, all the blame and odium of their evil 
counfels.' As to cenfuring the late Minifters, without hear- 
ing them, and condemning the Peace, without examining in- 
to particulars, as unjull and unprecedented, it was anfwer'd, 

* That they mufl diftinguifh between cenfuring Minifters, and 
condemning the Peace in general, and condei^ing particular 
perfons. That they might, in equity and juftice, do the 
firft, becaufe the whole Nation is already fenfible, that their 
honour and true intereft were given up by the late Peace 5 
that in due time they would call them to an account, who 
made and advifed fuch a Peace ; but God forbid they fhould 
ever condemn any perfon unheard.' On this occaflon Gene- 
ral Stanhope took notice of a report induftrioufly fpread 
abroad, * That the prefent Minifters never defigned to call 
the late Managers t6 an account, but only to cenmre them in 
general terms : But he aflur'd the Houfc, that notwithftand- 
ing all the endeavours that had been ufed to prevent a difco- 
very of the late mifmanagements, by conveying away feveral 
papers from the Secretaries Offices, yet the Government had 
fufficient evidence left, to prove the late Miniftry the moft 
corrupt that ever fate at the Helm : That thofe matters 
would foon be laid before the Houfe ; and that it would ap- 
pear, that a certain Englifti General had afted in concert 
with, if not received orders from, Marftial ViUars.' 

Sir William Wyndham endeavoured to prove, that the 
Peace had been very beneficial to this Kingdom ; and oiFered 
to produce a lift of goods, by which it appeared, that the Cu- 
ftoms had increafed near 1 00,000 1. per annum. B^t he was 
immediately taken up by Sir Gilbert Heathcote, who readi- 
ly own'd. Sir William might, indeed, produce a lift of vaft 
imports from France, but defy'd him to ihew that our exports 


f Made Smi^my of StattCy 7^^ Janugry, i7i<^. Ch^cslkr of tht £»• 
ekcoHcr^ 13?^ April, I'jj'j^ avd of tet-war£ created an Eavh 

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thither, particularly of our woollen inaiiu&£lures, had en- Aimo i. oeo.L 
creas'd fince the Peace. He added, that imports being only v^^^^i^lJ^^^^ 
oar confomption, rather prove our lois than our gain ; and 
diat the Nation gets only by exports, which keep up our 
manufafkares, emj^oy our poor, and bring in returns in mo- 
ney ; to which Sir William Wyndham made no reply. Sir 
William Whitlocke having fuggefted, that the new Miniftry ^^. y^'"^°» 
defign'd to involve the Nation in a new war, and lay (ix (hil- 
lings in the pound, was affurM by Mr Robert Walpole, that ^r '^*^'' ^^*** 
none in the prefent Miniftry were for a war, if the fame ^*** 
could any ways be avoided , and that he doubted not, but 
Two Shillings in the Pound would be fufHcient towards this 
year's fervice. 

After this Debate, a motion being made, and the queftion 
pat, that the Addrefs of Thanks be recommitted, itpafs'd in 
the negative, by ^44 voices againft 138; and then it was rc- 
folv'd. That the Houfe do agree with the Committee in the The Addnh re- 
laid Addrefs ; and order'd, that fuch Members as are of the **•'"'** *"*• 
Privy Council, fhould know his Majefty's pleafure, when he 
would be attended by the Houfe. The King having ap- 
pointed the next day,- the Commons, with their Speaker, at- 
tended his Majefty accordingly at St James's, with their 
Addrefs, to which his Majelty returned the following An- 
fwer : 

" T Thank you for the many kind aflurances you have gi- J^^^ S^tof *** 
" £ ven me in your dutiful and loyal Addrefs. 

" No endeavours fliall be wanting on my part, to promote 
" your true intereft, and endear myfelf to all my People : 
" And I will depend on your zeal and afFeftion, to defeat 
" all evil defigns, that may tend to difquiet the minds of 
" my People, and difturb the tranquility 'of my Government. 

April 5th, the Houfe being mov'd to appoint a day for 
taking into confideration the King's Proclamation of the 1 5 th 
of January laft for calling a new Parliament, and the fame 
being read accordingly. Sir William Whitlocke made fome 
exceptions to the faid Proclamation, as unprecedented and un- ExcepUon5 made 
warrantable, for which he was call'd upon by fome members in hi^li /. a K' 
to explain himfelf ; upoQ which he made a kind of excufe for S>iuJ'^g"aiis"*pl?- 
what he had faid. - wfwhitiiS' 

The paflkges here fuppos'd to be alluded to are as follows, 
viz. ife cannot omity on this occafion of firft fummoning our 
ParUament of Great Britain^ injuftke to ourfel'ves, and that 
ibt mi/carriages of others mwf not he imputed to us, at a time 
wbenfalfe imprejjions may do the greatefi and irreco^erahle hurt 
before they can be clear d up, to fignify to our nvhoie Kingdom ^ 
that we ivere very much concent d^ on our accejjson to the Cro^n^ 

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Awio I. Geo. i. /tf find the puhlich apairs of our Kingdoms under thegrtaUfi M/^ 
t/'^ifS^ Jicubiesy ns tjcell in rejfeQ of our trade ^ and the interruption of 
our nwuigation^ as of the great debts of the Nation^ njohieh njci 
twere furpri^ d to ohfer've^ had been 'very much increasd fince the 
€onclujion of the laft kvar : U^e do not therejbre doubt, thai if the 
enfuing Elections Jhall he made by our lowing Subje^s nvitb that 
fafety and freedom ivhich by /a^w they are entitled to, and nve are 
firmly rejol'u'd to maintain to them^ they ixiillfend up to Pariia-' 
ment the fitteft perfins to redrefs theprefent dijorders^ and to pro- 
«vide for the peace and happinefs of our Kingdoms y and the eafe 
of our people for the future y and therein nvill ha'ue a particuMr 
regard to fuch as Jheiv* d a firmnejs to the Protejiant Succeffion^ 
R^hen it <was moft in danger, is^c. 
And bv Sir wii- This Difputc would have been drop'd, had not Sir William 
iba Wyndham. Wyndham took up the cudgels, and even carry'd the matter 
ferther, by advancing, that the {aid Proclamation was not 
only unprecedented and unwarrantable, but even of danger- 
ous confequence to the very being of Parliaments. The 
Courtiers could not but take notice of fo home a refle6Uon, 
and thereupon callM upon Sir William Wyndham to juAify 
his charge ; but Sir William, who judg'd he could notdeiccnd 
to particulars,without giving farther ofFence^ declin'd explain- 
ing himfelf J tho* at the fame time, he refolutely maintained 
his firft aflertion, faying, * That as he thought fome expref- 
iions in the faid Proclamation of dangerous confequence, fo 
he believed every Member was free to fpeak his tlioiights.'* He 
was anfwer'd, * No doubt but every Member has that liberty, 
freedom offpeech being one of the eflential privileges of that 
Houfe; but that the Houfe has, at the fame time, both the 
liberty and power to cenfure and punifh fuch Members as 
tranfgrefs the rules of decency, trefpafs upon the relpeft due 
to the Crown, and fo abufe the privilege of the Houfe within 
doors, as to render it contemptible without.' Sir William be- 
ing again call'd upon to explain himfelf, andftill periifting in 
JStin" hSn^uT ^^^ refufal, fome Members cry'd the To^er, the To^wer ; but 
the Tower, Mr Robert WaJpole warded off the blow by words to the fbl- 
itisopFos'd by lowing purpofe. Mr. Speaker, * I am not for gratifyir.g the 
Wr R. Vaipoie defire which the Member, who occafions this great debate^ 
fhews of being fent to the Tower ; 'twould make him too con* 
fiderable : But as he is a young Man of good parts, who fets 
up for a warm Champion of the late MiniHry, and one who 
was in all their fecrets, I would have him be in the Houfe 
when we come to enquire into the condud of his friends, both 
that he may have an opportunity to defend them, and be a 
witnefs of the fairnefs with which we fhall proceed againft 
thofe Gentlemen ; and that it may Hot be feid, that we take 
any advantage againft them.' After feveral other fpeeches^ 
which prolong'd this debate from one till half an hour pall 


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fare in die a^tehipon, a motion was made, M die; ^o^joa Aflao t 6e6. t* 
put, that the Houfe do now adjourn, which being canyM in * "if^' \ 
the negative by a majority of 2 1 a voices againft 1 34, a moj» W^j •|^«np 
tion was mad^^ and the queftion ptopo^M, that Sir William 
Wyndham having reflected upon his Majdty's Prochmatioii 
of the 1 5 th of January laft for calling a new Parlianient, and 
havingr refiisM to jaftify his cham, although often callM upon 
fo to do, is guilty of a gr^t indignity to his Majefty, and olT 
a breach of the privilege of the Houfe.* This motion occafi- 
onM a fre(h Debate^ that laded till feven of the dodc; this 
Courtiers dill infilling^ that Sir William Wyndham ihoulil 
juftify his charge, and Sir William as refolutely declining to 
do it, faying, he was ready 10 undergo whatever a majority 
might think fit to inflid upon him. At laft the queftion being 
put that Sir William Wyiidham fhould withdraw, thq £mif 
was carryM in the afiirmativc by 208 Voiiies aeainil 1 29, 
whereupon Sir William withdrew accordingly; and with him^ 
to a man, all the izg Members who had b^n for the nega* 
tive. Their antag<milts being thus entire mailers of the fidd^ 
the queftion was piit, and unanimouily f efolv*d| that Sir Wil* 
liam Wyndham, having refie^d upon his Majefty*s Procla- 
mation of the I gth of January laft for calling a new Parlia- 
ment, and having tefusM to jultify his charge, althoueh ofteti 
caird uponfo to do^ is guilty of a great indignity to his Ma- 
4efty, and of a breach of the privilege of the Houfe: after 
which, it was order*d, that Sir William Wyndham, be, for 
the faid o^ence, reprimanded in his place by Mr. Speakcf : Air W.Wyni* 
and that he ihould attend the Houfe in his place the next lamordctM t# 
mornbg. be reprhntndei 

Sir William Wyndham attending the next day in his place, l>y<h«Spetkeif. 
Mr. Speaker addrefsM himfelf to him in this kaiiner. 


THE arraigning A Proclam^iott ijfked by his Majefty 
for calling this trefent Parliament, and refufing to ajr * 
Jign any Cauffwhy fuc% Proclamation is blanehhie^ the Houfi 
thought an Indignity to his Majefty^ mnd fo unwarrantable an 
uje of that Freedom of Speech (ivhich is the undoubted Pri-i 
vilege of Parliament) that the Houfe thought they could not 
let it pafs <wiihout Animad'verjion, But being ivillinfr their 
Moderations Jhvuld appsair^ nol with/landing thiir Leti^ has 
been too much def^ifd and contemned^ they have inJlUtei the 
mildeft Cenfure your Offence nvas capable of and have com^ 
manded me to reprimand you in you f Place i and in Obi^ 
dience to thei-' Command ^ £ do reprimand you act rdlngly^ 
Whereupon Sir William Wyndham laid : 
Mr. Speaker, 

* T Very truly reium my thanks to you for perfornv* 

* X ing that duty which is incumbent upon you fro.n yon> 

* oifice^ in fo candid and gentleman-like a manner^ 

V€ii..J. Q ' Ai 

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fAaaai Qfio^h f As I am a Member, I know I muft ac^uiefce in the 

* '7?5» ' * determination of the Houfe. But as I am not confcibu3 

^V'^^y^'S*?? . f to ^y felf of having offered any indignity to his Ma- 

..^ lefty, tor of having been guilty of any breach of the privi- 

f lege of this Houle ; I have no thanks to return to thoiSs 

^ pentlemeQ, who, under a pretence of lenity, have brought 

f me under this c^nfure.' 

Jprilg. General Stanhope prefented to the Houfe, pur- 
.fuant tco their Addrefs to his Majefly for that purpofe on the 
31ft of March, all the po^crs^ inftru6Upns, meiporials, pa- 
^£jers, ^c- relating to thel^te negotiation of peace and com-: 
^erce^ and to the ceffation of .arms, which he delivered in 
at the table, and told the Houfe, * That nothing had been 
omitted, that might either anfwcr the de^re they had ex- 
prefs'd of being throughly infbrm'd of what had pafs'd ih 
'^hofe important negotiations, pr to fatisfy the\yhole World, 
that the prefent Nfiniftry afted with the utpiofi fajmcfs an4 
candour, and defign'd to take no manner of advantage oveif 
the late Managers in the intended inquiries : That, indeed, 
• ,the papers now laid before the Houfe were only copies, but 
. that the originstis would be produc'd if occafion required : 
^fft. Stanhope** .to"^^"^i"g» ^^^^ ?^°^"^ P^P5^s being too many, and too vo- 
Motiofi forap- 'luminous to be periis'd and examin'd by all the Members of 
pointingaCom'. the Houie, he thought it more convenient, and therefore 
xnittce, to in- niov'd, that ^he faid books and papers b^ reftrhd to a fele^^ 
kte FteS» and Committee of twenty perfons, who fhould digeft the fub^ 
the Manage- flancc of them mider proper heais, and report the fame,' 
meat of th^ late with their obfervations thereupon to the Houfe.' Mr. Ward 
Qgeen'a Mi- Member for Thetford, faid, * Nothing could be fairer. That 
jiiftry. for his o>yn part, the' his principle was that Kings can do no 

Jjf ""J^^kMl^y norong^ yet he was oi^ opinion, thatMinifters >yere account- 
Mr.Ward. able for their male-ad|niniftration,' 

Mr. Edward Harley, ♦ Member for Leominfter, on this 

Mr.E.HarIey> jftood up, and faid, * That it Was eafy to fee that oneof hii^ 

E^fTo**fr^i nearcft Relations was principally aun'd at, in the intended 

jfXi ux or^. jnqujjjg^ . ^^ hemight aflure the Houfe, that the faid perfon, 

notwithftanding the various Vcports which had been fprcad 

concerning him, would neither fly his Country^ nor conceal 

i^imielf, but be forthrcoming whenever' he (hould be calPd 

upon to juilify his cpndufl. That jie hoped he wotdd be able, 

. Bpon the feyereft trial, to make his innocence appear to all 

|he World ; but if he fhould be fo unhappy as to have been 

guilty of the crimes that were laid to his charge, he would 

think all his blood too fmall a facrifice to atone for them.* 

J>Iobody opposed General Stanhop€^s motion : Mr. Hunger- 

lord only excepted againft the number of twenty, and moved 

that one more might be added ; which was agreed to, and' it 

was refolved. That the papers befpre-mentiOned be r^fcrrM 

* to 
t Om 9ftbi Auditors •ftht Imprcftt Mnd hrothgr H tht EathfOxhtd • 

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to a Committee of twenty one. That the fiud Committee 
be a Committee of Secrecy i that they be chofen by way of bol- _ ^ _ 
Joting : And, That the Members of the Houfe fhoold on the a fecret commjt- 
monday following prepare lifts for that purpofe, &c. i«>SiJJdI*^'*^ 

April 1 3, Colonel Bladen f , member for Stockbridge, 
reported from the Committee, that the Majority had /klkn 
upon the one and twenty Perfons following, viz. Sir Richard 
Onflow, Bart, [a) member for Surry ; Mr R..Walpok»(3) ; 
Mr Cowper (f), member for Truro 5 General Stanhope (d) ; 
Mr Bofcawen (f), member for Penryn ; MrW.Pulteney (f)^ 
member for Heydon ; Mr Lechmere (g)^ member for Cock- 
crmouth ; Daniel lord Finch (A), member for Rutlandihire ; 
Mr John Aiflabie (/), member for Ripon ; Mr Vernon, Their Namei. 
member for Worcefterfhire 5 the Earl of Hertford (1^)^ mem- 
ber for Northumberland ; Mr Edward Wortley Montague, 
member forWeftminftcr; Sir David Dalrymple, Bart.(y) mem- 
ber for Haddington, &c. Mr George Bailie («), member for 
Berwicldhire ; Sir Jofeph Jekyll («), member for Lyming- 
ton ; Lieutenant General Erie (»), member for Wareham ; 
Mr Richard Hampden (f)^ member for the County of Bucks; 
Sir Robert Mariham (f), member for Maidflon ; Mr Den* 
ton (r), member for Buckingham : Mr Thomas Pitt (i), fen. 
member for Old Sarum ; Lord Coningsby (/}, member for 

An objedtion being made by fome members to Sir Jofeph 
Jckyll's being one of the faid Committee, he having not ta- 
ken the oaths at the table ; it was readily anfwered, that the 
iame was not owing to any voluntary negled. Sir Jofeph Je- 
kyll being employed in the circuits, as Judge of the County 
Palatine of Chefter. Whereupon it was ref<Jv'd, That Sir 
Jofeph Jekyll being a Member of this Houfe» was capable of 
being chofen of the Committee of Secrecy, altho' he had not 
C z been 

t ComptrtHsr of the Minty fince made Ommjjmntr if TraJe, , \ 

(z) Appoinied Chancellor of the ExcheqieTy 0£t. 5. 1714, irt the room cf 
&r William Wyndham, Hart, anJJifKe created a Baron, (b) Vide P. 4. 
(c) Chief Jifiice of Chefter, made a fudge ofCmmon Phas^ 06t. 14, 1 717. ^ 

fd) Vid. F. 14. (e) One if the Vice-Treafttrers and Faym^lers-General of 
Ireland, P. C created Lord VifcomtFzXvaoMXh^ June 8. 1720. (f) Vid. 
!*• $• is) ^^^* Solicitor General^ Oit. 9. 1714. Atton^ey General March 
14, 1717-18. Chancellor of the Dutchy of Lancaft.r, Jans iz. 1717. and 
cmrttfi ^J5tfro», Aug. i^, 172.1, W P. C (h) -Vid. P. 9. (i) Made 
Ireafurer of the Navy in the roam of Mr, Ca^r, rf»«» a Lord of the Treafwry^ 
Chancellor and Under-Treafitrer of the Exchequer j and P. C. (k) Captain qf 
the ftcond Troop of GuM^ds^ Governor of ^'mmoMth Fort^ Sec, (f) Lord 
Advocate for Scotland, (m) A Lord (f the Treafury, (n) Chief Ju^ice of 
Chefter, afterwards Maimer of the BjoUs^ and P.C, (o) Lieutenant of the 
Ordnance. Goroernor of Portfmouth, and P, C, (p) TcUer of the Exchequer^ 
ifterwM'ds Ireafurer of the J\L»w, and P. C, (q) Created Lord Komneyy 
Jone 25, 1716. (r) Attorney-General of the Duchy 0/ Lancafter, made a 
" '^« nf Common PleaSy June 14. 1722. (s) Afterwards msdi Giwrmr ef 
lea, (t} Created aa EngUih Earlf April ^o. 1716. 

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^M I. Gep.!. b^en fwom'at the table ; And it was alfo order'd, I. That the 
^^I^Ky^.M books and papers ordered to remain in the cuftody of the 
^^^^ Clerk, 'till this Committee was chofen, be delivered to. the 
faid Committee ; and that they do examine the fame, and 
report to the Houfe what they find material in them ; and 
that tl^ey, or any five of them, do meet this afternoon, and 
fit iie die in diem ; II.That the faid Committee have power to 
fend fbr perfons, papers, and records. 

The Committee of Secrecy met that evening, and chofe 
2!2a"c^^.Mr Robert Walpole their Chairman ; but that Gentleman 
being the next day taken ill, the Committee chofe Mr Se- 
cretary Stanhope to fupply his place of Chairman, and for 
dHpatch fake, fubdivided themfelves into three Committees, 
to each vof which a certain number of books and papers were 

May 13, The Committee of the whole Houfe having ex^ 

amin'd the accounts laid before them, relating to the Civil Lift 

in the Reigns of K. Charles II. K. James II. K. William III. 

and Queen Anne, and other papers on that head, the Cour- 

Motion reiatine ^^^^^ ofTcrM the following queftion, viz. That it appears to 

t» the Civil Lift, this Committee, * that the fum of 700,000 1. per annum 

* was fettled upon King William, during his life, for the 

* fupport of his Houihold, and other neceflary occafions ; and 
' at the time of his demife, after the dedudtion of 3700 1. a 

* week which was apply'd to publick ufes, was the produce of 

* the Civil Lift revenues that were continued and fettled upon 

* Queen Anne, during her life.' Which queftion occafion'd 
Hebate ther^n. ^ warm and long Debate. They who proposed it had two 

things principally in their view ; I. To vindicate the prefent 
Miniftry from the afperfions caft upon them, and induftrioufly 
fpread about, by the emif&ries of the late Managers, that 
the Courtiers delign'd to give the Kingj a larger revenue than 
his Predeceflbrs had enjoy'd ; and, II. To make good the 
branches of the revenue afligned for the fupport of the Civil 
Lift, which had been alienated, or abridg'd, fo that the 
whole neat produce might amount to the fum of 700,000 1. 
per annum. 

The leading Men among the oppofite Party, being fenfible 
©f the firft, and pretending, at leaft, to be ignorant of the 
confequences of this preliminary queftion, inllfted a long 
while, * That it was enfnaring : That what had been done 
by former Parliaments ought not to be a ilanding rule for 
the fubfequent : That fuppcling the Parliament had given 
King William a revenue of 700,000 1. per annum for the 
Civil Lift, they ought to conifider, that he was to pay out of 
it 50,060 1. per annum to the late Queen, then Princefs of 
Denmark ; 1 5 or 20000 1. per annum to the late Duke of 
Glpuctftcx; ittid40,©©ol. ftr the dowry ©f the late King 

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James's Qu^^^ • That after the late Quewi's acccffion to the Atno i. Ceo.L 
Throne, the Parliament taking notice that the produce of the i/'*^'VJ 
Civil lift revenues exceeded what they had been given for j 
diefum of 3700 1. per Week, (that is 192,400 1. per annum) 
was taken out of them, and apply 'd to other ufes ; notwith- 
ftanding which dedu6Uon, the late Queen had honourably 
maintained her Family, and fupported the dignity of the 
Crown : However, if the prefent revenues of the Civil Lift 
were not fulHcient, they were ready to confent to an additi- 
on.' The Courtiers anfwer'd, * That the queftion before 
them was founded upon fadls, which, if deny'd, they were 
ready to prove by the records of the Houfe.' But Sir Willi- sir w.wyndJunu 
am Wyndham ftill urging that the queftion was enfnaring, 
General Stanhope anfwcr'd, * That he would be very plain GenenasunhoiHi/ 
with thein, and own, that as 'twas- notorious, that great en- 
deavours had been ufed to alienate the afFedion of the People 
from the King and his Government by falfe fuggeftions, that 
they deiign'd to plunge the Nation into extraordinary expen- 
ces, they thought it highly neceiTary to clear his Majefty and 
his Miniflers from that malicious afperfion.' To this the lord 
* Guemfey, member for Surry, reply M, * That the diiTaifec- ^ri GaenOey. 
don of the People, if any, did not proceed from his Majefty, 
but from the hardfhips his Minifters put on the Frieiuis of 
the late Miniftry.' To which it was return 'd, * That as foon 
as it was made known to the world, how the late Miniftry 
had ufed the whole Nation, nothing that could be done 
againft them, would then be thought a hardftiip ; but, how- 
ever, that neither that noble member, nor any of his fami- 
ly, had reafon to complain of hard(hips.' After fome other 
Speeches, which prolonged the Debate from two 'till about 
five in the afternoon, the Country Party endeavoured to drop 
the queftion, by moving that the Speaker refume the Chair ; 
bat the queftion being put upon this queftion, the fame was 
carried in the negative by 244 Voices againft 1 48 : After 
which, the firft queftion was put, and carry 'd in the affir- 
mative by about the fame majority. Then the viflorious 
Party mov'd. That to enable his Majefty to fupport the 
dignity of the Crown, and to make an honourable provifion 
for the Royal. Family, there be granted to his Majefty, dur- 
ing his life, an additional revenue, which, together with the 
neat produce of the Civil Lift branches, may make up the 
clear yearly fum of 700,000 1. for thefervice of his Majefty's 
HouChold and Family, and for his other neceffary expences 
and occafions.' The queftion being put upon this motion, 
the fame occaflon'd another great Debate. Sir Thomas Han- JJ, J-^,^"*'- 
incr, Mr Bromley, "Sir William Wyndham, MrCaefar, Mr sirw?w7wBuu« 

Hunger- ^',^*^"- 
♦ JVwi Jlir/i^AyliJfwd. 

y Google 

( 2^ ) 

Anno I. Ceo. I, Hongcrford, and fome other leading Members of the late 
»7i5- Miniltry, who, on this occafion, were llrengthen'd and backed 

J^^^^^^{^^^^ by fome eminent Members of the Court Party, did not at 
firft diredly oppofe the quefti9n, but infmuated, * That be- 
fore they came to that refolution, it fliould be proper that 
a particular of the King's expences fhould be laid before the 

MrWaJpofe. Houfe.' Mr Walpole, General Stanhope, Mr Lcchmcre, and 

MrM^^mcn^' ^ome othcp Courtiers, who, on this occafion, were joined by 
fome of the oppofite Party, having exploded that propofai as 
altogether inconfiftent wiUi the King's honour, to have all the 
private expences of his Family and Houfhold look'd into, as 
if he had need of a Guardian, the Country Party then 
mov'd, that the fum of 600,000 1. per annum be given to 
his Majefty, and 100,000 1. per annum fettled on the Prince 
of Wales. The Courtiers perceiving that the propofai of 
giving the Prince of Wales a feparate revenue, was only a. 
defign to divide the Royal Family, by leffening the next 
Heir Apparent's dependence on the King, oppos'd it ivith 
great warmth ; and the qucllion being put upon that mo- 
tion, the fame was carry 'd in the, negative by a great 
majority. The Country Party having loft thefe two points^ 
fome of that Party more openly oppos'd the main quefHon, 

Krw.wyndham. among the reft. Sir William Wyndham iaid, * He had the 
honour to ferve Queen Anne, and had the opportunity to 
look both into her' revenue and expence? ; and he could ai^ 
fure the Houfe, that about 500,000!. per annum, ^vere 
fuiEcient for the fupport of her Family and Civil Lift s tho* 
fhe referv'd about 50,000 1. a year for the late King James's 
Confort. * The Courtiers were glad of this laft confeffion 5 

ccn s:ar.ho ^^^ General Stanhope defir'd the Committee to take Notice 
of what that Gentleman had advanc'd,^ becaufe it would 
ferve to confirm fome matters, which the Committee of Se* 
crecy had found in the papers that were laid before them. 
A Courtier, who, at that time, fpoke on the oppofite fide, 
made fome reflexions on the preient unthrifty adminiftration 
of his Majefty's revenue ; and, in particular, took notice of 
the falaries of the Judges being advanced ; not, faid he, for 
fervices done, but expefted. Upon the whole matter, the- 
queftion being put upon the motion before mention^, about 
' feven o'clock in the evening, the fame was carry 'd in the 
affirmative without dividing. 

May ,1 8. The Commons refolved themfelves into a Com- 
mittee of the whole Houfe, to confider of the feveral lijfta 
and accounts of annuities, penfions, and bounties granted by 
the late Queen, or his prefent Majefty ; upon which there 
arofe a warm Debate. The leading Men cmong the Frienda 
of the late Miniftry, fupported again by a great many Cour^ 
ticrs^ exclaim^ agaijaft tht penftons given . by the Crown ta 


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{ 2J > 

fefwal pcHbns of quality, fomc of whom *thcy nam*d who Anno t . oeo. i. 
I hid no occaiion for them ; and a motion was made, that an *w'l^^"><N^ 
' Addrefs be prefented to his Majcfty, that he would be pleased MoUon for an Ad- 
to retrench all unncceflary pcnfions, and grant no more any fJ'Sir^.lhV'^i?' 
foch for the future. Hereupon Mr R. Walpole (hew'd, ^oa^ &c. 
* That they ought not to ftint the King's beneficence, nor Mr Robert wj- 
t debar his Majelly from the exercife of the moft glorious p*^'*^***^ 
! branch of his royal prerogative, which is to beftow his fa- 
vours on fuch as diftinguifh themfelves in his fervice. ' He ^ 
was feconded by Mr Hampden, who, on the other hand, MrHampdctu 
ebfervM, that all the penfions d>out which (b much noife 
was made, did not amount to above 25000 1. a year; and 
to wave the motion made by the Country Party, he mov'd, 
that the Chairman ihould leave the Chair; which, being put 
to the vote, pafs'd in the affirmative, by 191 votes againft 
188 ; fo that the Court Party carry *d it by three voices only. 
May 23. The Conmions, in a grand Committee on the 
Supply, came to this refolution, viz. That to enable his Ma- ^^^^^^ p^^n- 
iefty to fupport the dignity of the Crown, and to make an numprantcdto ue 
honourable provifion for the Royal Family, there be granted houf.&c!'""'^^ 
to his Majefty, during his life, an additional revenue of 
120000 1. per annum; which, together with the neat pro- 
duce of the Civil Lift branches, may make up the clear yearly 
fam of 700000 1. for the fervice of his Majefty's Houfhoi'd 
and Family, and other his neceflary expenccs and occafions. 
This refolution was May 24 reported, and agreed to by the 


June I - The Lords having fent to the Commons, the /?/// 
fir the better regulating the Forces^ &c. and the amendments 
to the Bill by the I^rds being read, a motion was made, Mnionon th-nn 
that the farther confideration of thofe amendments be ad- Fora^"&;c"^* 

i joara'd, which was carry'd in the negative ; and then thofe , 
amendments being read a fecond time, were agreed to by the 
Houfe. * Mr Shippen, member for Newton in Lancaihire, Mr shippen's 
having, on this occafion, refle£ie4^on the^adminiftration, as ^^""^^ 
if they defign'd to fet up a {landing army, and infmuated, 
as if, after all the great clamour that had been rais'd, their 
fecret Committee would end in fmoke ; he was taken up by 

' Mr Bofcawen, who faid, * He could not forbear taking ^^- Boftawc*. 
Botice of the infolence of a certain fet of men, who having 
committed the blackeft crimes, had yet the affurance to dare 
the jufBcc of the Nation ; but he hoped thofe crimes would 
not long remain unpunifh'd : That the Committee of Secre- 
cy were ready lo make their Report ; and had directed their 
Chairman to move the Houfe the very next day, that a day 
might be appointed for receiving the faid Report ; and that,. 

' in ' 

• Qn€ qf ^s C$mmJJt9tt:rs offubUck Jfiouvts iu the Ujl r^ign. 

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( 24 ) 

Anno I. Geo.! fn thc mean time, he might venture to aflure the Houfe 

^^JJii^-s<^ that they had found fufiicient matter to impeach of Hig] 

Treafon feveral Lords and fome Commoners. ' Mr R. Wal 

MrWaipoie. pQJg faj^, < That he wanted words to exprefs the villanjr o 

Ccn. stanhope, the laft Frenchify 'd Miniftry ; * and General Stanhope added 

* he wonder 'd, that men who were guilty of fuch enormoui 

crimes, had {bill the audacioufnefs to appear in the publicl< 

ftreets. ' 

yufte 2, Mr Robert Walpole acquainted the Houfe fron 

the Committee of Secrecy, * That they had examined ihi 

Mr waipoie'i Books, &c. referred to them, and had matters of the greatef 

Motion forrcceiv- importance to lay before the Houfe ; and that the Committee 

comnuitec" Re- had dircded him to move the Houfe, that a day might be ap- 

^"- pointed for receiving their Report.* Upon which, after a 

fmall Debate, it was order 'd, that the faid Report be received 

upon that day (ev'nnight ; and that all the Members do attend 

at that Time, upon pain of incurring the higheft difpleafurc 

of the Houfe. 

yune 3. The King came to the Houfe of Peers, and gave 
the royal alTent to the Malt-Bill and the Mutiny-Bill, and 
his Majefiy being gone, the Commons returned to their 
Houfe, and order'd, that the Committee of Secrecy fhould 
have leave to fit during the adjournment of the Houfe, who 
Tfc^ouft ad- then adjourn'd 'till the 8th of June, by reafon of the Whit- 
funtide Holidays. 

y^une 9, Mr Robert Walpole, from the Committee of 
Secrecy, acquainted the Houfe, ' That he had a Re- 
port to prefent ; (according to their order) but that he had 
the commands of the Committee to make a motion to the 
Houfe before he read the Report 5 that there are in the Re- 
port matters of the higheft importance : That although thc 
Committee had power to fend for perfons, papers, and re- 
cords, they did not think fit to make ufe thereof, believing 
it to be neceflary, in order to bring offenders to juftice, that 
Mr waipoie's fome perfons fliould be fecur'd, before 'tis poflible they fhould 
•rchcndingfuch know what thcy are to be examined to ; and left they fhould 
bic^'l!^''rb?'tTi*^ liave notice from what fhould be read in the Report, to make 
Chairman of the their cfcape, he was commanded by the Committee, ac- 

Sccret CoBunitvce. 1.*^ t 1 

cording to former precedents, to move, that a warrant may 
be ifTucd by Mr Speaker, to apprehend certain perfons who 
fhall be nam'd to him by the Chairman of the faid Com- 
mittee 5 and that no Members may be permitted to go out 
of the Houfe. 

Hereupon it was order'd, I. That the Lobby be clear'd 
of all ftrangers, and the back-doors of the Speaker's cham- 
ber be lock'd up, and the key brought and laid upon the 
table ; and that the Serjeant do ftand at the door of the 
Honfe, and fiiffcr no Member to go forth. IL That Mr 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

•( 25 ) 
Speaker do iffuc his Wanant to die Serjeant at Anns at- Aonei.Ceai. 
touiiog the Houfe, to take into his Coflody fuch Perfons as O^^V*^^ 
ihali be nain*d to Mr Speaker by the Chairman of the Com- 
mittee of Secrecy, in order to their being examined before 
the faid Committee. 

- Hereupon Mr Speaker iflued oat his Warrant to the Ser- 
jeant at Arms, to take into his Cuftody feveral Perfons that 
were nam'd to him by Mr Walpole, particularly Mr Mat- 
thew Prior, and Mr Thomas Harley, the firft of whom was 
immediately apprehended, and the other fome Hours after. 

This done, Mr Walpole acquainted the Houfe, * That sS?Sc5SiSj» 
the Committee of Secrecy had perus'd the Books and Papers prdeated. 
referred to them, and had agreed upon a Report, which they 
had commanded him to make : That it was contained in two 
Books, one of which was the Report, and the other an Ap- 
pendix to it, containing at large thofe Letters and Papers 
which were referred to in the Report.' And he read the 
Report in his Place, and afterwards delivered the fame in at 
the Table, together with the Appendix and the Books which 
were referred to the (aid Committee. The Reading of the faid 
Report having lafted from one till about Six in the Evening, 
a Motion vfzs made by the Friends of the late Miniftry, 
and the Queftion put. That the farther Confideration thereof 
be adjoumM 'till next Morning, but it was carry'd in the 
Negative, by 282 againft 171, and order'd, that the Report 
be now read : And the Clerk of the Houfe having read Part And read* 
of it, 'till half an Hour pall Eight, the farther Confideration 
of it was adjouni'd. 

Jwke 10. The Commons refum'd the adjoum'd Confidera- 
tion of the Report from the Committee of Secrecy, and the 
reft of the Report being read, which lafted 'till about four 
in the Afternoon, Sir* Thomas Hanmer, Bart. Member 
for Suffolk, mov'd. That the Confideration of the faid Re- Debate thtrcoti 
port be adjoum'd till the 2ifi of the fame Month, and was 
Kconded by the leading Men among the Friends of the late 
Miniftry, who mov'd alfo, that the faid Report be printed, 
to be perus'd by all the Members of the Houfe. Hereupon 
Mr Robert Walpole faid, * He could not but wonder, that MrR.waipoie. 
dwfe Gentlemen who had (hew'd fo great Impatience to have 
die Report laid before the Houfe, mould now prefs for ad- 
jsuming the Confideration of it. That as for the Committee 
•f Secrecy, as they had not yet gone through all the Bran- 
Aes of their Inquiry, they could have wilh'd fome longer 
Time had been allow'd them to perufe and digeft feveral im- 
portant Papers. That in order to that, they would have de- 

. Vol. I. D ferr'd 

• ^akct 4 ibe hfli TarHament, 

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( 26 )• 

fcrr'd three Weeks of a Month, the laying their Report be- 
fore the Houfe ; but that fome Gentlemen having reflefted 
on the pretended Slownefs of the Committee ; fmce the faid 
Report was now before them, they mull e'en go through 
Ccnmisunhopc. ^ith it.' General Stanhope added, ' That for his own P^rt, 
he would readily agree to give thofe Gentlemen all the Time 
they could delire to conlider of the Report ; but that fince 
they themfelves had precipitated this Affkir, he was of Opi- 
nion, they ought to profecute it with Vigour, left, by ftop- 
ping on a fudden, they fhould fortify the Notion, which the 
Friends of the late Miniftry had, with great Induftry, pro- 
pagated among the People, That the Report of the Com- 
mittee of Secrecy would vanifh into Smoke ; the rather, be- 
Caufe thefe malicious Infinuations had rais'd the Spirits and 
Infolence of the Difaffeded, and were the principal Caufe of 
the prefent Ferment among the giddy Multitude. That he 
agreed with the Member who had mov'd for the printing 
of the Report ; that not only the Houfe, but the whole 
World, might be convinc'd of the Faimefs and Impartiality 
of their Proceedings ; but that the Crimes of fome Perfbns 
nam'd in the Report were fo obvious to every Body, that 
they ought, in his Opinion, immediately proceed to the im- 
peaching of them.' Some propos'd the adjourning the De- 
bate 'till one Time, fome 'till another ; but the Court Party 
were refolv'd againft any Delays ; and the Queftion being 
put about feven in the Evening, on the Motion made by Sir 
Thomas Hanmer, it was carry 'd in the Negative by 280 
againft 160. This Point gained, Mr Robert Walpolc faid, 
im^peSS^i^rd * ^^ "^^dc no Qucftion, that, after the Report had been 
joiinebroke^of twice read, the whole Houfe was fully convinc'd, that Henry 
^ ^ ° * Lord Vifcount Bolingbroke was guilty of High Treafon, and 
other High Crimes and Mifdemeanours : That therefore he 
impeach'd him of thofe Crimes ; but if any Member had any 
Thing to fay in his Behalf, he doubted not but the Houfe 
Bcbat* thereon, was ready to hear him.' After a deep Silence in the Houle 
Mr Hungcrford. for fome Minutcs, Mr Hungerford roie up and faid, * That, 
in his Opinion, nothing was mention'd in the Report, in Re- 
lation to the Lord Bolingbroke, that amounted to High 
general Rofi. Treafon.' And General Rofs faid, * He wonder'd no Body 
fpoke in Favour of the Lord Bolingbroke : That, for hi» 
own Part, he had nothing to fay at prefent ; but refervM to 
The Impeach- himfelf to fpeak in a properer Time.' The Refolution for 
Smbroke^agrecd impcacliing the Lord Bolingbroke of High Treafon and 
to by the Houfe. other High Crimes and Mifdemeanours, being pafs'd, the 
Lord coninssby Lord Coninj^sbv ftood up, and faid, * The worthy Chairman. 

iinpcarhe? Robert ^ ,, ^ " / , ■*. i»i , tt y i r t - 

Ea-iuf Oxford of of the Committee has imoeach d the Hand, but I do ina- 

iii&kfi«uio«.&c.p^^^l^ the Head; he has 'impeach'd the Clerk, and I the 

Juflice j he has impeach'd the Scholar, and I the Mafter : * 


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{ 27 )* 
foimpeacli'd Robert Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, of Anao^'-^Oeo- «• 
High Treafon, and other High Crimes and Mifdemeanours. (./\/"\J 
Hereupon Mr + Harlcy made a long piithetick Speech; Debate tfcereo* 
wherein he endeavoured to julHfy his Brother, the ^arl of WrHarky. 
Oxford, * as having done nothing but by the immediate 
Commands of the late Queen ; urging, * that the Peace was 
a good one, and approved as fuch by two Parliaments : Con- 
cluding, that the Fafts mentioned in the Report, and which 
were charg'd on the Earl, could not be conftrued to amount . 
to High Treafon, but only, in ftridl Rigour, to Mifdemea- 
nours.' He was backM by Mr f Thomas Foley, Member utthomuTokfi 
for Hereford, the Earl's Brother-in-Law, who complained of 
the Hardfhip put upon that Nobleman, in charging him 
with High Treafon, before they had examined the Report : 
But what was yet more favourable for the Earl, was fpoke . 
by Sir Jofeph Jekyll, one of the Committee of Secrecy, sirjofcpiijcicyil, 
who faid, * That as to the Lord Bolingbroke, ^hey had more 
than fufiicient Evidence to convid him of High Treafon, up- 
on the Statute 25 Edward III. but that as to the Earl of 
' Oxford, he doubted whether they had either fufficient Mat- 
ter, or Evidence to impeach him of Treafon.' But anothe? 
Member of the Committee of Secrecy having affur'd the 
Houfe, That befides what had appear'd before them, and 
was mentioned in the Report, they had other Evidence, wva 
Foce ; It was rdblv'd, without a Divifion, That this Houfe 
will impeach Robert Earl of Oxford, and Earl Mortimer, of IJnt o?63^ 
High Treafon, and other High Crimes and Mifdemeanours : ^^^ of Ox^or** 
And order'd, that it be referred to the Committee of Secre- Houw. '° ^ 
cy, to draw up Articles of Impeachment, and prepare Evi^ Aniciw apdnft 
dence againft Henry Vifcount Bolingbroke, and Robert Earl J;^i'*t;f ""p"^? ''r* 
of Oxford and Earl Mortimer. After this, it was order'd OxWd order'd t» 
likewifc, that the farther Confideration of the faid Report '^'*"^" "p* * 
be adjoum'd ; and that the faid Report, with the Appendix, t>^ Report from 

be printed. secrecy order'd t* 

June II. The Commons order'd the Speaker to fend a i«P"'»icd, 
printed Copy of the Report from the Committee of Secrecy And fcnt to the 
to the SheriflF of every County, and to the returning Officer siiwiifi, &c^ 
of every City and Borough tending Members to Parliament. 

yufte 15. Mr Walpole, from the Committee of Secrecy, 
acquainted the Houfe, That he was dire<^ed by the Com- 
mittee to move the Houfe, That the Perfons taken into Cu- 
ftody, purfuant to the Order of the Houfe of the 9th Inft. 
might be cxamin'd in the moll folemn Manner, according to 
former Precedents. Upon which it was orderM, That 
fuch Members of the Committee of Secrecy, who arei 
Jafticc* of the Peace for the County of Middlefex, fliould 
D 2 ^ cicamiao 

tt Both «f thorn JjtHtvs of tbi Imfrr^Ji for Ljfa, 

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f 28 ) 

examine Mr Matthew Prior, and Mr Thomas Harley, at 
I the faid Committee. ■ 

June 17. Mr Walpole acquainted the Houfe, That pur- 
fuant to th^ir Order, Matthew Prior, Efqj had been, the 
Day before, examined before the Committee of Secrecy, and 
dming a long Examination, there appeared Matters of fuch 
Importance, that the Committee had direded him to move 
the Houfe, that he might be confin'd in dofe Cuftody, and 
no Perfon permitted to come to him : Upon which it was 
Mr ^^^^ order'd. That Mr Matthew Prior, now in Cuftody of the 
aiuociofcCuftody.g^j^^^ at Arms, be confin'd inclofe Cuftody, and no Per- 
fon permitted to come to him without Leave from Mr 

The Account of what pafs'd at Mr Prior's Examination, 
as drawn up by his own Hand, may be feen in the APPEN^ 
J>1X to this Work. 

June 21. The Houfe having, according to Order, c<m- 
fider'd fiirther of the Report from the Committee of Secrecy, 
sttnhooe ^^^* Stanhope ftood up and faid, * He wifh'd he were not 
impeachMja^es obligM to break Silence on that Occafion ; but that as a 
Jf'Highf'^foSj Member of the Secret Committee, and of that great Af- 
^*^- fembly, which ought to do the Nation Juftice, he thought 

it his Duty to impeach James Duke of Ormond of High 
Debate th Treafou, and other High Crimes and Mildemeanours ; ' and 

Mr Bofca^"* was fecouded by Mr Bofcawen. Hereupon Mr Archibaki Hut 
lnrHutcbefon. ^hefon, * Member for Haftings, made a long Speech in be- 
half of the Duke of Ormond, wherein he fet forth, * his 
noble 6irth and Qualifications ; and the great Services which 
both he and his illuftrious Anceftors had performed to the 
Crown and Nation ; urg'd. That in the whole Courfe of his 
late Condu6l, he had but obey 'd the late Queen's Commands ; 
and concluded. That if all that was diedg'd againft his 
Grace in the Report could be made out, it wouM, in the 
Rigour of the Law, amount to no more than High Mifdc- 
meanours. ' This Speech made a great Impreffion on the 
Aflembly 5 and Mr Hutchefon was feconded by General 
ocmnu^itj. Luniiey, Member for Arundel, who faid, among other 
Things, * That the Duke of Ormond had, on all Occafions, 
given fignal Proofs both of his AfFedion and Love for his 
Country, and of his perfonal Bravery and Courage, particu- 
larly at the Battle of Landen, where he was wounded and 
taken Prifoner 5 and that the late King William was ex- 
tremely fatisfy'd with his Grace's gallant Behaviour. That 
his Grace had generoufly expended the beft Part of his Eftatc 
in the Wars, living in a n\oft noble and fplcndid Manner, 


• Omifitc Commiffiiiitrs .«f 2r44 and fl^ufMhtff, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( 29 ) 
for the Honour of h;s Country : That therefore, in Confi- 
teition both of his great Services, and his illu&^ous Re- 
lations, if he had of late been fo unfortunate as to hU. in 
any Part of his Condud, they ought not to proceed ^;ainft 
hm with the atmoii Rigour of the Law ; the rather, be- 
cao^ he ever meant well, and was drawn into ill Meafures 
bjr crafty Minijfters. ' Sir Jofeph Jekyll fpoke likewife in air jofcph jckyU. 
Favour of the Duke of Ormond : He (aid, * That if there 
was Room for Mercy, he hoped it would be fhewn to that 
noble, generous, and courageous Peer, who, for many Years, 
iad exerted thofe great Accomplilhments for the Good and 
Honour of his Country. That if of late he had the Mis- 
I fortune to deviate from his former Condud, the Blame ought 
Bot, in Juftice and Equity, be laid to him, but to them 
principally, who abufing his AfFedion, Loyalty, and Zeal 
for the Service of his Royal Miftrefs, had drawn him into 
pernicious Counfels: That therefore^ as the Statute of the 
25[th Edward III. on which the Charge of High Treafon 
agaiofl his Grace was to be grounded, had been mitigated 
vy fubfequent Laws, the Houie ought not, in his Opinion, 
to take Advantage of that Aft againft the Duke, but only 
impeach him of High Crimes and Mifdemeanours. ' He 
added, * That fome Perfons endeavoured to aggravate the 
Duke of Ormond's Faults, l^ charging upon him the Riots 
and Tumults which the Populace committed daily in many 
Places ; but that he durft averr, that his Grace did no Ways 
countenance thofe difo^ders ; and if the difafFeded made ufc 
of his Name, unknown to him, his Grace ought not to fuffer 
for it. ' General Rofs laid great Strefs upon Sir Jofeph oen. sofl. 
Jekyll's Opinion, and (aid all he could in his Commenda- 
tion, and the Duke's Defence. Sir William Wyndham, sir w. wyndham. 
Member for Somerfetlhire, Mr Thomas Onflow, Member Mr t. onflow, 
for Surrey, Mr Ward, Mr Hungerford, and fome other Mr ward. 
Members of both Parties, fpoke alfo on the fame Side : But ^ ^^^^^^'<^^ 
Mr Lyddal, Member for Lefhvithiel, Mr Hartpden, and JJj{;j;^;„ 
Mr Thompfon, * Member for Ipfwich, did (Irongly fuj^rt MrThompfoii. 
General Stanhope's Motion ; anf\ver'd all that had been al- 
ledg'd in the Duke's Favour ; and among o Aer Things re • 
prefented, * That he ever afFefted Popularity ; that he could 
not be ignorant of the Tumults and Riots of which his 
Name was the Signal ; and that fince he did not publickly 
difown them who made Ufe of his Name, his Silence was 
a tacit Approbation of their Proceedings, and feem'd to 
fanunon the People to a general Infurredtion. 


♦ Recoi'Jereftbi Gty ofLoftdon, aft^vi^ds knighted emd madt s Baron 

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Amo^x. Gco.1. Sir Edward Northey, f Member for Tiverton, faid tha 

\y^^^\/'-'^s^ he did not difown, but that in the Report of the Commicte< 

air Ed. Northey. of Secxecy, therc were fome Matters, on which an Impeach 

ment of High Treafon might be grounded againll the Duk< 

of Ormond ; but he did not think it proper to explain him 

^^ fclf farther on that Occafion. Mr Lechmere, fpoke plaioer 

*"* and mentioned a Cafe parallel to the Duke's^ which had 

been adjudg'd Treafon. This Debate lafted from One til 

about half an Hour paft Ten, when the QueiHon was put 

and refolv'd by a Majority of 234 Voices againA 187, tc 

impeach James Duke of Ormond of High Treafon, anc 

yhe Impeachment ^^^^'^ ^^Z^ Crimes and Mifdemeanours. After which it was 

^i^nd a ued*^ otder'd. That it be referr'd to the Committee bf Secrecy tc 

to by the Ho.ife, draw up Articles of Impeachment, and prepare Evidence 

^Ji^himordtrMagainfl James Duke of Ormond ; and that the ferther Con 

■•^ drawn up. fideration of the faid Report be adjoum'd to the nexi 


yune 22. The Commons refumM the Confideration of the 
Report from the Committee of Secrecy, and Mr Aiflaby, 
who fpoke firft, * Took Notice of the general Concern that 
had appcar'd the Day before in the Houfe, for the noble 
Perfon that was impeached ; becaufe they were perfuaded, 
'twas rather through Weaknefs than Malice that he had 
foUow'd pernicious Cpunfels ; but that, in his Opinion, few, 
if any, would fpeak in Favour of another Lord, whom he 
ift- Aiflaby im- ^^^ ^^ impeach. That the Perfon he meant, was Thomas 
j^i^of^'-ffo^d ^^^^ of Strafford, one of the Plenipotentiaries of Great Bri- 
ef Hkh *^cTime8 tain at the Congrefs of Utrecht ; wfiofe Condudl had been 
^iifd,me*. vaftly different from that of his Colleague, the Lord Biihop 
of London. * That this good and pious Prelate feem'd to 
have been put at the Head of that Negociation, only to 
palliate the Iniquity of it, under the Sacrednefs of his Cha^ 
.radler ; but was little more than a Cypher in the Abfence of 
the Earl of Strafford. That the Bifliop not being in the 
Secret, had adled with Referve and Caution, and would do 
nothing without the Queen^s fpecial Commands; whereas 
the Earl of Strafford not only was forward to venture and 
undertake any Thing, as he expreffes himfelf in one of his 
Letters, to ^e the Tool of a Frenchify*d Miniftiy ; but in 
many Inflances had gone beyond his Inflruftions, and ad- 
vis'd the moil pernicious Meafures. That having impart 
tially weigh'd the difTerent Conduft of thefe two Minifters, 
h£ was glad that nothing could be chargM upon the Bifhop» 
fince it gave ' them an Opportunity to^ convince the Worlds 
that the Church is not in Danger j but mov'd that Thomat 

t Am-fnj^ ^tjerMy hut rmn% 
♦ />r John RtbinfQn. 

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( 3« ) 

tarl of Strafford be impeached of Higji Crimes aod Miide- admi. Cm. l 

leanours. ' Mr Aiflaby afterwards cnlarg'd upon this . ^mJ,^ 
Charge, which he reduced to thefc three principal Heads, 
TO. I. * The Earl of Strafford's adviiing the fatal Sufpenfion 
of Arms, which was foon after attended with feveral Mif- 
Ibrtones that befel the Allies ; and at laft reduced them to 
die Neceffity of fubmitting to the Terms of an uniafe, dif- 
koaourable Peace. II. Adviiing the feizing of Ghent and 
Bruges, in order to diftrefs the Allies, and favour the Ene- 
my. TIL The Infolence and Contempt with which he had 
treated the moft ferene Houfe of Hanover, and their Ge- 
nerals and Miniflers. ' 

Mr Bailie, having feconded Mr Aiflaby, Sir William Dei»tetheieofc 
Wyndkm endeavoured to julUfy the Earl of Strafford, as to Mr Bailie. 
the firll Head, by faying, * That the Peace, which was s^^-^y*"*"- 
bat the Sequel and neceflary Confequence of the Sufpenflon 
of Arms, had been approv'd as fuch by two fucccffive Par- 
liaments, and declared advantageous, fafe, and honourable. * 
Mr Shippen, Mr Ward, and Mr Snell, Member for Glou- MrShippcn. 
ceiler, fpoke alfo in Favour of the Earl of Strafford ; as did ^' ^*'*'- 
alfo Mr Hungerfori who, among other Things, faid, ^^J;^^.^^ 

iiiat tho the Bilhop of London had an equal Share 
with the Earl of Strafford in the Negociation of Peace, he 
was, it feems, to have the Benefit of his Clergy. ' General 
Ms having likewife faid fomething to excufe the Sufpenfion c=n. kok 
of Arms, General Cadogan + Member for Woodllock an- ^cn. Cid.g*»v 
fwer'd, * That confidering the Situation of both Armies, 
the Confederates loft the faireft Opportunity they ever had 
in Flanders, to deilroy the Enemy's Army, and to penetrate 
into the very Heart of France ; ' but added, ' That nothing 
leis could be expedled from a Princefs and a Minillry, who 
U entirely delivered themfelves into the Hands of France.' 
Sir James Campbel, Member for the Shire of A rgyle fpoke sifjamrsCamrb^t. 
alfo againfl the Earl of Strafford: Sir David Dairy raple, sirmvidDairym- 
fumm'd up what had been laid on both Sides ; and having ^^*^* 
illaftrated the prefent Cafe by parallel Inftances and proper 
Observations, urg'd, that both by the Civil and Statute 
Laws, the Earl of Strafford was, at leaft, guilty of High 
Crimes and Mifdemeanours. Hereupon, about feven in the 
Evening, the Queftion was put, and by 268 Voices againft 
100, it was refolvM, That the Houfe will impeach Thomas '^^,}^^t^i^ 
^l of Strafford of High Crimes and Mifdemeanours ^ and fj,'^°^j^; ^^'^ 
order'd, That it be referred to the Committee of Secrecy, andArticieioriioc*4 
to draw up Articles of Impeachment, and prepare Evidence ^a^hllSSII ^ 
againft the faid Earl. 

Aj^^eiteiaBaroH (f En^Uni xfthjnns lil6* Mfterwards memos' i i» 

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' ( 3^ y 

^715?^*^* 7«/^ 4. The Houfc refoIvM itfelf into a grand Commit- 
{^^^^^^'*>^ tec, upon an ingrofTed Bill from the Lords, intitled, j^fz 
AB to explain the AB maSe in the iztb Tear of King 
William the Thirdy intitled. An AB for the farther Limi- 
tation of the Croqvn, and better fecuring the Rights and Li- 
herties of the' SuhjeS. A Claufc having been inferted in 
the faid Bill, whereby a Door feem'd to be left open for 
the Admiflion of Foreigners into Places, many of the Court 
Party, headed by Mr Hampden, look'd upoti that Bill as 
dangerous to our Conftitution ; and the Friends of the late 
Miniftry, who refolv'd to oppofe it, thinking this a proper 
Opportunity to make it drop, mov-d that the Confideration 
S5*?:Kni5gSe ^^^^ be put ofF to another Day : But the Queftion being put 
Aftoffc^vv. III. thereupon was carried in the Negative by 141 againft 139. 
•/<** Cr^r &c. Then the Committee went thro' the Bill, and made an 
Amendment to the C)aufe before-mention'd, the Report of 
which was put off 'till the 6th of July. On that Bay Mr 
Lowther, Member for Cumberland, reported from the 
Committee of the whole Houfe, to whom the engroffed Bill 
from the Lords, intitled. An A£l to explain the AB made in 
the I zth Year of the Reign of King William III. intitled. An 
AB for the farther Limitation of the Cro^n^ &c. was com- 
mitted, the Amendment they had directed him to report to 
the Houfe 5 which he read in his Place, and afterwards de- 
livered in at the Table, where the fame was twice read : 
And a Motion being made, that the Bill be recommitted, 
Mr shippcn. there arofe a Debate that lafted near three Hours : Mr Ship- 
pen, with fome others raifed feveral Objeftions againft the 
MrR.waipok. Bill, but wcrc anfwcrcd by Mr Robert Walpole, Mr Bof- 
MrB6fcawcn. cawcn, and fome others of the Court Party, and the Quefti- 
on being put upon the faid Motion, it was carried in the Ne- 
gative by 190 againft 140. And then the Amendment, 
with an Amendment thereto, was agreed to by the Houfe. 
yufy 7. Mr Robert Walpole, from the Committee of Se- 
Mr Walpole from crccy, acquainted the Houfe, * That the Committee having 
^fswre " K*^ prepared Articles of Impeachment of High Treafon and other 
' »!>« ^ft ^^iJ/'r High Crimes and Mifdemeanours, againft Robert Earl of 
]^*oFoxfoxd? Oxford and Earl Mortimer, had commanded him to acquaint 
the Houfe, that they ihould, in a (hort Time, have farther 
Articles againft the laid Earl ; and that the Committee had 
diredled him to report the Articles, already prepared, to the 
Houiir : ' And he read them in his Place, and afterwards de- 
livered them in at the Table, where they were once read. 

After this it was moved that the farther Confideration of 
the faid Articles be adjoum'd to that Day fe'nnight ; but it 
was carry'd, without dividing. That the feid Report be read 
a fecond Time the next Day. At which Time the firft Ten 
Articles of Impeachment againft Robert Earl of Oxford 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

a&d Earl Mortimer, were read a fecond Time ; and a^n Aimot. oco.l 
the Queftion feverally put thcreapon, with Amendments to \^J^iii^m^,^j 
iome of them, there was a long Debate from Two 'till D^a^a^rMaT 
Eight in the Evening, when they were agreed to, by iSo 
againft 125. Then a Motion being made and the Queflioa 
put. That the farther Confideration of the faid Report be 
adjourned 'till the next Morning, the fame was carry 'd in 
the Negative, by 247 againft 1 39. Hereupon the Eleventh 
Article was read a fecond Time, and amended by the Houfe ; 
and then there arofe a great Debate, upon the Queftion, i>ei»te on tb* 
Whether the faid Article was High Treafon ? Sir Robert. ^;;^;J;;J^ 
Raymond, Mr William Bromley, * Member for the Uni- MrBcoIniey. 
vcrfity of Oxfbid, Sir William Wyndham, Mr Edward Harley, m^ Hhrl?'."^"* 
Mr Thomas Foley, Mr Ward, and Mr Hungerford, main- mIwS^^"^' 
tain'd the Negative ; and were ftrongly fupported by Sir Jo- ^J^fS'S'iT'u 
feph Jekyll, one of the Committee of Secrecy, who iaid, ^ «i« « y • 
* That it was ever his Principle to do Jaftice to every Body, 
from the higheft to the lowett ; being perfuaded, that It was 
the Duty of an honeft Man never to aft by a Spirit of Paity. 
That he hoped he might pretend to have fome Knowledge 
of the Laws of the K^gdom ; and as, in the Committee of 
Secrecy, he had taken the Liberty to differ from his Col- 
leagues, he would not icruple to declare now to the whole 
Houfe, that, in his Judgment, the Charge in Queftion did 
. not amount to High Treafon.' Moft of the other Members 
'/of the Committee of Secrecy were offended at this Speech : 
And thereupon Mr Robert Walpole anfwer'd, • That there MriLWaipok. 
were both in and out of the Committee of Secrecy, feveral 
Perfons, who did not, in the leaft, yield to the Member that 
feoke laft, in Point of Honelty ; and who, without derogat- 
ing from his Merit, were fuperior to him in the Knowledge ^ 
of^the Laws j but who, at the fame Time, were fatisfied 
that the Charge fpecified in the Eleventh Article amounted 
to Treafon.' Mr Walpole was back'd by General Stanhope, Geoendsunhopt, 
the Lord Coningsby, General Cadogan, Mr Bofcawen, and ;Lord coninjrsbj. 
Mr Aiflaby ; and the Eleventh Article being amended, the .^Tb^SSu 
^me was agreed to by the Houfe, by 247 Votes againil 1 27. Mr Aiiuby. 
Mr Harley endeavoured to juili fy the Earl of Oxford, Mr Ha»i«r. 
I. By urging that he ever a6led by the late Queen's pofitive 
Conmiands ; to prove which, he offered to produce two Let- , 
tcrs fron) her Majeffy ; and 11. The Neceflity of making a 
Peace ; He hdving upon this Occaiion, advanc'd, that the 
f^otch prolonged the War, and that their Deputies in the 
Anny had often prevented the giving the Enemy a dccifivc 
Blow. General Cadogan anfwef'd, that th« Dutch were Gta.Cxi^n, 
»ore conccm'd than any Prince or State in the Grand Alli- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

Anno I. Qeo.I. 

Tbe &id Articles 
agreed to. 

And ordered to 
be carried to the 
Lords by Lord 

( 34 ) 
ance to pat aH End to the War ; and undertook to prove, 
that , there had not been anv Campaign in Flanders, except 
that in which the Duke of Ormond commanded, that was 
not marfc'd and famous tp all Pofterity, for fonie fignal and 
^orious EVent, to the Advantage of the common Cauie f 
Then, the reft of the Sixteen Articles were feyendly read a 
fecond Time, and with Amendments to fome of them, agreed 
unto by the Houfe, who ordered. That the faid Articles 
be engroffed 5 and, that a Claufe be prepared faving Liberty 
J to the Commons to exhibit any farther Articles againft the 
faid Robert Earl of Oxford and Eart Mortimer ; and that he 
may be fequefter'd from Parliament, and committed to fafe 
Cuftody: . • . . ■ 

y^^ 9. The above Claufe was offered to the Houfe ; and 
being twice read, and agreed to, was ordered to be engrofled 
with the Articles of Impeachment. The fame Day the In- 
gi-offed Articles of Impeachment againft Robert Earl of Ox- 
ford and Earl Mortimer, were read 1 after which it was or* 
der'd, I. That the Lord Coningfby do carry the faid Articles 
tp the Lords : II. That his Lordfhip be direfted, before he 
exhibit the Taid Articles to the Lords, to impeach Robert 
Earl of Oxford and Mortimer, to the EfFeft fbUowing, viz. 

M y Lords, 

* np^ HE Commons aflembled in Parliament having recei- 

* X ved Information of divers traiterous 'Practices and 

* Defigns of a great Peer of this Houfe, Robert Earl of 

* Oxford and Earl Mortimer ; have commanded me to im- 

* peach the faid Earl pf Oxford and Earl Mortimer, of High 

* Treafon, and other High Crimes and Mifdemeanours : 

* And I do here in their Names, and in the Names of all the 

* Commons of Great Britain, impeach Robert Earl of Ox- 

* ford and Earl Mortimer, of Hjgh Treafon, and other High 

* Crimes and Mifdemeanours. I am farther commanded by, 

* the Houfe of Commons to pray and demand of your Lord- 

* fhips. That the EarJ of Oxford and Earl Mortimer may be 

* fequefter'd from Parliament^ and forthwith committed to 

* fafcCuftody. . 

' After this, the Lord Coningfby, attended by moft of thofe 
Members who voted for the Impeachment, went up to the 
Houfe of Peers, and at their Bar impeached Robert Earl of 
Oxford and Earl Mortimer, 'in the Form abovc-menti6acd # 
apd then left with their Lordftiips the Articles of Impeach-* 
ment againft the faid Earl, which the Reader may find at 
large in the STJTE TRULS, Vol. 6. p. 103. 

Jufy 20, The King came to the Houfe of Lords, and the 
Commons being fent for^ his Majefty gave the Royal Aflent 


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( 35 ) 
to (iich Bilb as were ready ; after which the Lord Chancel- Amwi. Caci. 
lor read a Speech delivered into his Hands by hia Mayfly ^^^^^-n^ 
from the Throne, as follows : ' / , 


My Lords and Gentlemen, 
" 'T'^HE Zeal you tave fhewn for preferving the Peace King^ speech ». 
" X of my Kingdoms, and your Wifdom in providing fo laiinjioanimrm. 
" good a Law to prevent all riotous and tumultuous Proceed- der. 
** ings, give me great Satisfadion i but I am forry to fii\d 
** that fuch a Spirit of Rebellion has difcover'd itfelf, as leaves 
'* no Room to doubt, but thefe Diforders are fet on Fopt 
" and encourag'd by Perfons difafFeifted to xay Government, 
** in Expedlation of being fupported from Abroad. 

•* The Prefervation of our excellent Conftitution, and the 
" Security of our holy Religion, has been, and always Ihall 
** be, my chief Care ; and I cannot queflion hut your Coi- 
" cern for thefe invaluable Blelfings is (q great, as not to let 
" them be expos'd to fuch Attempts as I have certain Ad- 
** vices are preparing by the Pretender from Abroad, and 
" cariying on at Home by a refUefs Party in his Favour. 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons, 
** In thefe Circumftances, I think it proper to ask your 
** Aififbince, and make no iloubt buH .you will fo far coafulc 
*' your own Security, as not to l^ve the Nation, uncfcr , a 
** Rebellion actually begun at Home, and threatened with 
** an Invaiion from Abroad, in a defencelefs Conditio^ : 
" And I ihall look upon the Provifibn you fliall make fqr 
** the Safety of my People^ as the bdl Mark of ypur AffeC' 
" tion to me. 

The Commons being retum'd to their Houfe, it was- re- commonj ^idrcft 
Iblv'd, Nemint Coniradicente, That «R humble Addreft be "''r*""^- 
prefented to his Majefty, to return the mod humble and du- 
tiful Thanks of this Houfe to. his Majefty, for communicat- 
ing to his Parliament, the Advices he has received of an At- 
tempt preparing to be made upon the Nation from Abroad, 
abetted and encouraged by treaforiabl^ Pradices at Home, in 
Favour of a Popifti Pretender i and to afTure his Majefly, 
that this Houfe will, with their Lives and Fortunes, fland by 
and fupport his Majeliy againft all his open arid fecret Ei^- 
mies ; and to defire his Majefty, that he will immediately • 
give Dire6fions for fitting out fuch a Number of Ships as may . 
cffe^ually guard the Coafts, and to iffue^out Commiffions for 
augmenting his Forces by Land i aiTuring his Majelly, this 
Houfe will, without Lofs of Time^ eiFe^Sually enable him to 
laife and maintain fuch a Number of Forces, both by Sea 
and Land, as (hall be neceffary for the Defence of his lacred 
Perfon , and for the Seciirity of his Kingdoms. After this, 
E. 2 Mr 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

Mr Freeman^ 
Motion thereon. 

( 36 ) 

Mr Fryman, Member for Hertfordlhirc^ ftood up, and re— 
prefented, ' That in fb important a Junfture, they ought to . 
lofe no Time in drawinjg up an Addrefs 5 and therefore 
mov*d. That the faid Refolution be forthwith laid before Jiis 
Majelfy by the whole Houfe.' He was feconded by the Lor<i 
Lord ouemrer. Gucmfby, Member for Surry, who faid, * It was well knowr^ 
he had, on many Occafions, differ'd from jbme Members ir^ 

' that Houfe ; but being now convinced that our Liberty, Re- 
ligion, and all that is dear to Engliflimen, were aim'd at, Ke 
wjoiild, lading his Hand on bis Sword, rather die with hf» 
Sword* ifa his Hand, than fun-^ive the Pretender's coming in, 
tho' he were to enjoy the greateft Honours and Preferments 

' under him.' Mr Hampden having likewife back'd Mr Free- 
man's Motion, it pafs d into a Refolution, Nem. Con, and. 
Mr Bofcawen, who was order'd to wait on the King to knowr 
his Majefty's Pleafure, when he would be attended bjr 
the Houfe, having, about fix in the Evening, reportca, 
that his Majefty had been pleafed to appoint immediately at 
his Palace at St James's, the Houfe went thither, with their 

'Speaker, and laid before his Majefty the faid Refolution, to 
which the King was pleas'd to return the following Ahfwer. 

Mf Hampden. 

Mr Bofcawen. 

King's Anfwcr 

« T Thaiik you heartily for this Addrefs. The Zeal and 
*f X Vigour which you fhew upon this Occafion, will, t 
** truft in God, enable me to defeat the evil Deiigns' of* our 
** Enemies. I will immediately give Diredions for fuch an 
" Increafe of our Forces, by Sea and Land, as I ihall judge 
** neceflkry for your Security; and will order Eftimatcs q£ 
** the Charge thereof to be laid before you. * 

MrR.Waipoic'B July 26. Mr RobcTt Walpole took Notice, ^OftheMea* 
Jfet to fhc Ki4f fores the King had t^lftn, Diirfuant to the Defire and Advice 
few o^alxw?" ^^ ^^*' Houfe, to fecure his Dominions ; but reprefented, 
FiSpiy. ^^ that in Cafe of an Invafion, the Standing Troops and new 
Levies would hardly be fufficient ; and as he thought it ne- 
ceflkry, fo he mov'd, that the Officers in Half-Pay fiiould 
be put in a Capacity to ferve the Nation, by allowing them 
General stanhope: Full Pay.' General Stanhope feconded Mr Walpole's Mo- 
tion i and General Rofs only having made a flight Objedtion 
tp it, fuggefting, that, to uve Expences, the Standing Re- 
cimcnts might be augmented, it was refolvcd. That an 
humble Adi-efs be prefented to his Majefty, that he would 
be gracioufly pleafed to allow Full Pay to luch Half-Pay Of- 
ficers as were not otherwife provided for ; and that his Ma* 
jefty would give Orders to the. faid Officers to hold thcm- 
felve^ in Readinefs, to be employed in fuch Manner as hit 
Majefty fliouM* tbiak fit ; aHd to aflure his Majefty, that 


Ceh. Rofc. 


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this Hoafe will fupply fuch extraordinary Expence . as . his 

Majcfty fhould be at on this Account, out of the next Aids 

to be aitcrwards granted by Parliament. This Addrefs being 

the lame Day prefented to the King, his Majefty was pleasM 

to fay, ** That he look'd upon it as a frefti Inllance of the xheXinf lAihrer. 

" Duty and AfFeftion of this Houfe, and of their Zeal for 

" tbe Security and Prefervation of his People and Govern-- 

" ment. / 

Juhf Jo. Mr R. Walpolc reported from the Committee of Mr wtipoie, from 
Secrecy, that they had direaed him to exhibit farther Ar- ^c^X^,^ 
tides of Impeachment of High Crimes and Mifdemeanours SjSStJ^glri of 
againft Robert Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, which he oSbrd^ 
read in his Place, and afterwards delivered them in at the 
Table, where they were read ; and a Motion being made, 
and the Queftion put, that the farther Confideration of the 
faid Articles be adjbumM 'till the Tuefday following, itpafs'd 
in the Negative. After this it was order'd, that the faid Ar- 
ticles be read one by one f which was done accordingly, and, 
with Amendments to one of them, upon the Queftion feve- 
rally put' thereupon, they were agreed to by the Houfe ; 
who ordered, TJiat the faid Articles be engrofied ; and, that 
a Claufe be prepared for faving Liberty to the Commons to 
exhibit any farther Articles againft the faid Robert Earl of 
Oxford and Earl Mortimer. 

Auguft 2.. The engroflcd farther Articles of Impeachment 
againft Robert Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer were read ; 
after which it was ordered, that the Lord Conmgsby do carry ^ifS c^ 
thofc Articles dfo to the Lords 5 which his Lor<Uhip did im- '^^^"^ 
incdiately. The faid farther Articles the Reader may fee in i*®"*** 
the STATE TRIJ LS, Vol6,f, 116. The fame Day the 
King went to the Houfe of Peers, and the Commons be- 
ing lent for and attending, his Majefty gave the Royal Aflent 
to fttch Bills as were ready. 

Auguft 4. Mr R. Walpole from the Committee of Secrecy' 
acquainted the Houfe, that the. Committee had prepared Ar- 
ticles of Impeachment of High Treafon, and other High 
Crimes and Mifdemeanors againft Henry Vifcount Boling- MrWaipoicrewtiB 
broke ; and that the Committee had commanded him, at the ^^liS^.'lf'^'^jjj 
fame Time, to acquaint the Houfe, that they ihall, in a Wd Sriin g^ kc 
Ihort Time, have farther Articles to • lay before the Houfe 
2gainft him ; and that the Committee had direded him to 
report the Articles already prepared, to the Houfe. Then 
Mr Walpole read the Articles in his Place, and afterwards 
delivered them in at the Table, where they were once read, 
and then a fecond Time, Article by Article, and upon the 
Queftion feverally put thereupon, agreed niito by the Houfe ; v^m-Ji areamoi 
-who orderM, That the faid Articles be engroifed ; and that a (•• 
Claufe be prepared, for £iving Liberty to the Commons to 

exhibit * 

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( 38 ) - .^ 

^7%?"*'* exhibit any fiuthcr Articles againft the faid Hemy Vifcou^ 

^^^>'V>»w^ Bolingbrokc, and that he may be fequeftred from Parliaxnejf 

and committed to fafc Cullody. 

Mr^pde^ jjtgujl c. Mr R.Walpole, from the Committee of^Sccrecgj 

of iSipeachincnt acquainted the Houfe, that the Committee had prepa.rq 

^oti^^d^ Articles of Impeachment of High Treafon, and other I2i^ 

Crimes, and Mifdemeanours, againft James Duke of C3h 

mond, which they had diredled him to report to the Houf^ 

Then Mr Walpofe read the feid Articles m his Place, 'a.t^ 

afterwards delivered them in at tlfte Table, where they ^ve^ 

once read J and afterwards a fecon4 Time, Article by A^ 

Betatc theieon. ^^^\q^ A' Motion being made, .and the QuelUon put, thg 

the Houfe, agree to the Firft Article, .there arofc a wars 

' Debate, in which a Member faid, that the Report of th, 

. Committee of Secrecy had begun to open his Eyes ; aq 

that the Duke of Ormond's Flight had fully convinced hiim 

that the Heads of the Tory Party were a Set of Knaves an* 

Villain?, w^o delign'd to have, ruin *d their Country, an< 

tord staabope. made it a Frovincc of France. The Lord * Stanhope, IVXein 

bcr for St^Germans, (aid, he never wifli'd to fpill the Bloo 

of any of his Countrymen, much lefs the filood of an^ 

NobUman ; but that he was perfuaded, that the Safety o 

his Country required that Examples (hould be made of tliot 

who had betray'd it in fo infamous a Manner. The Hon 

imi Findk. -(• Finch, Member for Rutlandfhire, fpoke alfo on the ianu 

Side ; ancf after fome pther Speeches, the Firft Article -wa 

agreed to by a Majority of 177 Voices againft 78 j aiM 

then the other Articles, upon the Queilion feverally .,pu 

thereupon, were alfp agreed unto by the Houle : Afte 

which it was order 'd. That the faid Articles be engroiJe<l 

and that a Claufe be prepared for faving Liberty to the Com 

mons to exhibit any farther Articles againft the (aid Tame 

Duke of Ormond ; and that he may be fequefter'd^^ fron 

Parliament, and committed to fafe^uftody. 

Mr waipofc or- Juffufl 6. The engroffed Artides, againft Hennr Vifcoun 

<ler*d to carry up -» ,. «^,-' , ** , r i • i • *^ j Tl -r f-»^, 

to the Lords the Bolingbroke, were read, after which it was order d, I, Xha 

*tJ^'iteiJ?b!3tc. Mr R.Walpole do carry the faid Articles to the. Lords 

ir. That he be direfted, before he exhibits the faid Articles u 

the Lords, to impeach. Henry Vifcount Bolingbroke to xhx 

JEffed following, vis^. . ' • 

M y Lords, 
« 'Tr^HE Commons aflepibl ed in Parliament having rece£v\ 

* X Information of divers traiterous Pradices andDefign' 

* of a great Pe^r of this Houfe^I^enry Vifcount Bolicgbroke 

•• ,]^av) 

• A'ffa; Earl of ChefterfieW, . - 

f ^'sv J^tI of Wincbclfca W Nottingham* 

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( i9 ) 

' have commanded me to iinp^i|2h the faid Henrjr Vifcount Aim© t. om. t. 

* Bolingbroke of High Treawh, and other High Crimes '^^' 

* and Mif3emeanours : And 1 do here in their Names, and 

* in the Names of all the Commons of Great Britain, im- 

* peach the faid He^ry Vifcpunt Bolingbroke of High Trea- 

* fon, and other High Crimes and Mifdemeanours. I am 
' ferther commanded bjr the Houfe of Commons to pray 
' and demand of your Lordfliips, that the faid Hen?y Vii- 
' count Bolingbroke may be fequeftred from Parliament, 
' and forthwim committed to fafe Cnftody. ' 

Accordingfy, the feme Day, Mr Walpole accompanied 
bj a great many Members of the Commons, at the Bar of 
the Houfe of Lords, impcadi'd Henry Lord Vifcount Bo* 
tisgbroke as above ; and the fame Day the Lords fent a 
WSage to acquaint the Commons, that their Lordihips Kad 
arderM Henry Vifcount Bolingbroke to be forthwith at- 
tached, by the Gentleman Ufher of the Black-Rod attending 
ht Hbale of Lords, and brought to their Lordfhips Bar, to* 
mfwcr the Articles exhibited againft him by the Houfe of 
Commons : But the Lord Bplingbroke had long before re- who bcW fled, it 
tir^d into France. Hereupon the Commons order'd a Bill rT^t ^^ 
to be brought in to fummon Henry Vifcount Bolingbroke 
to render himfelf to Juflice by a Day therein to be limited, 
or, in Default thereof, to attaint him of High Treafon. 

Jugtifi 8. Theengroflcd Articles agjslinft the Duke ofOr- 
mond were rea^upon \^ich it was ordered L That General 
Stanhope do carry the faid Articles to the Lords ; II. That osncraisunhttpe 
he be direaed to impeach James Duke -of Ormond, in the S^eL^dj^hfXi-** 
(ame Form as Henry Vifcount Bolingbroke ; which he did ^i'^l^*^*!"'* ^. 
the fame Day. The Articles of both which Impeachments 
maybe feen in the POLITICJL S TATE for Auguft 1 7 1 5. 
But the Duke of Ormond on the 21ft of July before, em- 
barking privately on board a VelTel on the Kentifli Coaft, 
landed in three Days in France: Upon which the Commons 
A^ufi the loth, order'd a Bill to be brought in to fummon 
and attaint him in like Manner as the Lord Vifcount Boling- S^'SaublSU 
broke. Thofe two Bills having pafs'd both Houfes» re- 
ceived the Royal Affent. . 

Angnfi 51. Mr. Walpole, from the Committee of* Secrecy, 
acQuainted the Houfe th^t the Committee had prepared Ar- 
ticles of Impeachment oi^ High Crimes and Mifdemeanours 
minft Thomas Earl of Strafford ; which he read in his Mr waipoie re- 
Wace, and afterwards deliverM in at the Table, where they J^nft'S.^Ewrif 
were read. Then it was ordered, that the faid Articles be scrafford. 
read a fecotkj Time,, Artfck by Article ; which being done 
accordingly, the feid Articles were feverally agreed unto by 
Ifae H011&, wliQ order'd, tlmt the faid Articles be engroffed ; 

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|Uno 1. Geo. I. 

■ Whfch beinc 
ajirocd tO| \lr 
Aiikby carriet up 

Earl of Oxford's 

Anlwer to the 
Articles of Im- 
peachment read. 

Debate tbcrtos. 

Mr liobcrt Wal- 
pok'a Speech. 

U4O ) 

and that a Claufc be prcpardl, faving Liberty to the Com 
mons, to exhibit any farther Articles againfl the (aid Xhoma 
Earl of Straffbrdy ^nd that he may jbe put to anfwer the fai< 
Crimes and Mifdemeanours. 

September i . The faid Claufe was ofFer'd to the HTouie 
xead, agreed to, and ordered to be engroffed with the Article 
of Imp^chroent ; which being done accordingly, the faid en 
groiTed ArtTcles of Impeachment of High Crimes and Nlif 
demeanours againft Thomas Earl of Strafford, were read^ aji<i 
it was ordered, I. That Mr. Aiflaby docarry the faid Articles 
to the Lords ^ II. That, before he exhibit t$e faid Articles, he 
do, at the Bar of the Houfe of Lords, impeach the faid Tho- 
mas Earl of StraiFord of High Crimes and Mifdemeanours : 
which Mr. Aiflaby, accompanied by many Members, did 
immediately ; The Articles at large the Reader will find in 
the POLITICAL S TA TE for September 171^. , 

September 7. The Lords fent aMeilage to acquamt the Oom- 
{npns, that the Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer had put in 
his Anfwer to the (aid Artides of Impeachment ; and alfb 
to, deliver to the Houfe of Commons a true Copy thereof, 
for which we refer to thcSI'JTE TRIALS^ Vol. 6. p. 123. 
Hereupon . the Commons orderM that the faid Anfwer be 
read on the Monday following, and the (aid Anfwer being 
then read accordingly, there arofe a final! Debate. Mr Rob- 
ert Walpole, among other Things, faid, ' He had not yet 
had Time to perufe and examine thi|t Anfwer, but that he 
now heard it read with a great deal of Attention, and, in his 
Opinion, it contain*d little more than what had been rug:gefl- 
ed in Vindication of the late Meafures, in a Pamphlet inti- 
tuled, ^r ConduSi of the Jlliei^ zxA repeated over and over 
in the Papers call*d, 7ke Examiner. That the main DriFt of 
this Anfwer feem*d to prove thefe two Aflertions, I. That 
the Earl of Oxford had no Share in the adviidng and manag- 
ing the Matters mentioned in^ the Artides againft him, but 
that the late Queen did every Thing ; and II. That the 
late Queen was a wife, good, and pious Princefs. That if 
the fecond Proposition were not better grounded than the fir^ 
the Reputation of that excellent Princefs would be very pre- 
carious : But as every-body mufl own her to have been at 
good and pious Queen, fo it was notorious that the Ea^l of Ox- 
ford, as prime Minifter, was the chief Advifer, Promoter,, and 
Manager, of the Matters charged upon hinii in the Articles : 
And therefore his Anfwer was a ^Ife and malicioua Libel^ 
laying upon his Royal Miflrefs the Blame of all the pernici- 
ous Mealares he had led her into, ag^jft her own Honour - 
and the Good of his Country : Tluit he hoped the EarPs en- 
deavouring to fcreen himfelf behind the Queen's* N^n^e^ 
lRr»yld avail him nothing*; That 'tis/ indeed, a Futoclaincntal 


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( 41 ) 
Maxim of our Cbnftitutioii, that Kings can do no Wrong ; 4na*|i Q^ ^ 
fmt that, at the fame^ime, 'tis no lefs certain, that Mini- '7'5' 
fters of State are ac^untaUe for their Adions ; otherwise a V^V"^^ 
Parliament would be but an empty Name ; the Commons 
ynmld have no Bufine& in that Place ; and ^e GovernmenC 
would be abfoluW and arbitrary. That though t}ie£arl had 
the Aflurance to aver, that he had no Share in thtS Managie- 
ment of AfBiirs that were tranfaded while he wais at thip Hemiy 
yet he pretended to juftify the late Meafnres : And therefore, 
in that Refped, his Anfwer ought to be look*d upon as a Jibel 
on the Proceedings of the Commons, iince he endeavoiirM to . 
dear thofe PerfoAs, who had already confofs'd their Guilt by 
their Flight. Mr. Shippen could not be altogether iilent on 
this Occailon : He faid, < That it would not become him to ^g^ Shipper 
ddend the Ezrlh Anfwer, fince, as a Member of that honoura- ^^ 

ble Afieoibly, he was become one of his Aqpufers : fiut that 
he could hot forbear wifhing, that this Profecution might ^ 
dropt,and that theHpuie would be fatis^^d with th^ two ]aic 
A^ of Attainder. That this Wiih of nis was the ftronger, 
becaufe one of the principal Reafons that induced the Com- 
kons to impeach the Earlof Obcford, fubfifted no longer, the 
Afi^rs of Europe having receiv'd a fudden Turn from the 
Death of the French King ; whereby the Renunciation of 
King Philip began to take place, in the Advancement of the 
Duke of Orleans to the abfolute Regency of France.' Mr. 
Aiflaby anfwer^d, ^ That he hoped 'twas to little Purpofe MnAUIalnr 
the Gentleman who fpoke laft, endeavour -d to move the rity 
and Compaffion of the Houfe, and perfuade them to drop ' 
this Profecution. That this was not a proper Time to ex* 
amine and reply to the Earl of Qxford^s Aniwer ; and there- 
fore he wmdd'content himfelf with faying, in general, that it 
was a Comexture of the Shifts, Evafions, and ralfe Reprefen- 
tationsy contain'd in the three Pkrts of The Hiftory of the 
Wbite-Siaff, That as to what had been fuggefted concern- 
ing the Event which feem'd to have fbengthen'd the Renund- . 
ation, he did not deny, there might be fomething in iti which 
was manifeft from the great Joy the well-afie6ted to the Go* 
vemment had fhewn, on this Occafion, and from the Mortifi- 
cation and Defpair that appear -d in the Faces of a certain 
Party : But that,*after all, it could not yet be afcertain'd, that 
the Renunciation was in Force ; that there was a vaft Diffe- 
rence between the Regency and the Crown j that Time only 
would decide that Matter ; but that even fuppofing that, by* 
the Concurrence of unforefeen Events, King Philip's Renun- 
ciation fhould, at laft, take place, yet the fame would not 
juftify the Minifters who propofed and laid it as th^ Founda« 
cion of the late Peace, fince they with whom they treated^ were '' - 

fo frank and fd fincere ^ to tell them^ that it could never be 
'' Vol,. I. F . valid> 

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( 4i ) 

^ *J^t t ft>«edni,'itiw8 oisderU That the Afifwer of Robert Earl ol 
T_ i\^-muj Ogf^f^ jQid Bgfl Moitimo', be cyfer/d to the Committee ap^ 
pOTRlcd to dnnv u^ Articles of Impeachment and prepare Bvi-: 
deuce ayaisft&eimfieachM Lord$l and that the faid Com- 
iMttet m pif^vue a Replication to the iaid Anfwer 2 Accor<{- 
if « f 1 ^''^ ^ ^^' ^ ^' '^' Robert Walnole, irpm the Committee ^ 
^ aI R^ wjpwtid the laid Replicationi which he read in his Place, and 
SSJntothSul •fenmrdi ddhicrM in at the Tables where the fame was 
eroxibfd> An- ^^ agreed imto» and ordered to be engrofs'd^ The Monday 
fmar, wlucii be- after the engroftd Replication was read, and it was ordered, 
ht% tffted to, that Lord Comngiliy do carry the (ame to the Lords ; which 
r^^A^^ his Lofdfldp didaccordingly. The Reader will find the laid 
SiSy Vtte R^icatiooatlaiieinthe^r-^r^-r^ UlSiVol6.p.i^f. 
lorii. Seftmhir 26. Mr. Wal^ok reported ftoih the Commiu^ 

an)ointed to draw np Articles or Impeachment, and to pre- 
pare Evi^noe againft the impeach'd Lords, that th^ havine^ 
pmrfuant to the Order of Rderence from the Hoiiie, conU- 
derM of the State and CircnmftajiCjSs of the Commitment of 
Mr. iSrior, thoi^ht pooper to make a Report thereupon fo 
^he CemtnMt the Hoofe. After Reading the faid Rep(»rt the Commons 
of Secrecy im- orderM, that the Committee appointed to draw up Articles 
KlS^kiu-S of Impeachment, and to prepare Evidenpe againii the im^ 
^J^^StV^!^^'^^'^^' beimpowtrM to fit, wtwithftandingany 
of the Il0iif«* Adiourmnent of the Hoaica 
4 Sipimtsrzt. General Staabape, Sec^^taty ofState* ac- 

qnainted the Commons, That be was conmumded by the 
Kine to communicate to the Houft, thai his Majefty having 
6lr W WT^a- J^^^*^ <o fofpeA, that Sir William Wypdham^ Member 
Inm, 'sk^hn ^ Sonerfetfiiire $ Sir John Packingt<M), Member f6r Worce^. 
FscldoetoB, terlhire ; Mr. £dw&<d Harvey, lifember for CUthero ; Mr. 
Mr.Ed.Harvey, FoAer« Member &>r NorthnmherJiandi Mr. Anftis, Member 
*f "[^f ®*«Jj5J^« for Lannceftoa j and Mr. Corbet Kynafton, Member f^r 
C^MflonT* SJ^'«^»ft«'7» W« eag^MinaDefign tofMpPort the intended 
erdcrM, at & In^afion of thisKingdom,hathgivcD Oidertor apjprebendiag 
ICing*tReaoeft, them ; and his Ma|efty dfifires the Confeat of this Houfe to 
to bca^rtlieai- his canfing them to be oommitted and dieuin'd^ if he (hall 
^^ judge it nece^ry (b to do, in Pttdfaance of the late A6t of 

Fanhunent for impowcnig his Majefiy to commit and detain 
fech Ferfims ashisM^ie&y ihall fuipe^ar^COBifpiring againfl 
hisPtrfonandOoEvemment. Hereupon it was reiblvM, i^^nw. 
Cm. That an humble Addre^ be prefented to his Majefty^ 
returning theThas>ks of this Hpufe for his^^ious Meflagcf 
this Day, and lor his lender Re^urd to the frivi^gesof this 
iiottfe ; and to deiire, that he wiU be^f^eas^d to give Ord^s 
for the committing and detaining^ the filvtral Members | 
aam'd in the faid Me^Qigf, putiv^nt to the Ad ^f t;l>is 
SeConi of FarUameiit for that Pvymft. 


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( 43 ) 
The kme Day, the Lords fent a Meilage to acquaint the Aimo t. Gm. i. 
Commons, That their Lordfhips having adckefsM his Majefty; O^^N/"^^ 
kambly to defire, that he would be pleas'd to caufe Direftions 
to be given to the proper Officers for preparing a Scaffold in sca£R>ki oider'd to 
Wcftminfter-Hall, fiv the Trial of Robert Earl of Oxford and LY^o,StorJf 
Earl Mortimer, who now ftands impeach'd by this Hoafe of '^'^* 
High Treafon, and other High Crimes and Mifdemeanors, 
liis Majcfty had been gracioafly pleas'd to fay, ^* He would 
" give Diredions to the proper Officers purfuant to the faid 
" Addrcib " 

The fame Day likewife the King went to the Hottfe of 
Peers, and the Commons attending, the Speaker, upon pre- 
iendng the Money-Bills, made the following Speech to his 

Mofl Gracious Sovereign, 
' "YTOar Majefty*s molt dutiful and loyal Subjeds, the The Speaker^ 

* I Knights, Citizens, and Burgeffes in Parliament affem-' kSS^ oiJV^ntj»g 

* bled, have now finifh'd the Supplies granted to your Ma- ^ M»ney-Ki»»' 

* jcfty for the Service of this prefent Year. Your Com- 

* mons had roach fooner offer'd thefe Supplies to your Ma- 

* jcfty, had not their Zeal for your Majefly's Service, and , 

* the Dtoty they owe to their Country, led them into Inqui- 
' nes which have drawn this SeiHon to an unufual Length. * 

' But your Commons could not fee, without the utmofl; 

* Indignation, the Glories of her late Majefly's Reign tar- 

* nifliM by a treacherous Ceflation of Arms ; the Faith of 
^ Treaties violated ; that ancient Probity, for which the 

* Eogliih Nation had been juftly renawn'd throughout all 

* Ages, exposed to -Scorn and Conteinpt ; and the Trade of 
' the Kingdom given up by infidious arid precarious Treaties 

* of Commerce, whilft the People, amufed with new 

* Worlds explored, were contented to fee the mofl advanta- 

* geous Blraiiche^ of th«ir Commerce in Europe loft, or bc- 
' tniy'd. 

* Such was th« Condition of this Kmgdom, when it 
' plcas'd the Divine Providence to call your Majefty to the ^ 

* Throne of your Anceftors, under whofe aufpicious Reign' 

* your Commons with Pleafure behold the Glories of the • 

* Plantagcnets (your Majefty's royal Anceftors), revive ; and 
' have an unbounded Profped of the Continuance of thif 

* Haj^inefs, even to the lateft Pbfterity„ in a Race of 

* Princes lineally defcended from your Majefty. 

' And that nothing might be wanting on the Part of your 

* Commons,, to eftablifh your Majefty's Throne on folid and 

* lafting Foundations, they have apply'd themfelves, withr 
! uawc^'d Diligicnce, tp vindicate the HoilQur of ^ the 

F i ! BritiiU 

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( 44 ) 

Aniio^. eeo. I. < Britiih Nation, and to rcftore a mutual Confidence between 
X^^^^^^^^s^ * this Kingdom and its ancient and ^thful Allies, by de- 

* teding the Authors of thefe pernicious Counfeb, and the 

* Adors in thefe treacherous Defigns, in order to bring them 

* to Juftice, by the Judgment of theit Peers, acccording to 
^ the Law of the Land, and the Ufage of Parliament. 

* It was not to be expected, but tluit the Enemies to the 

* Nation's Peace, would ufc their utmoft Endeavours to ob- 

* ikruGt your Commons in thefe Inquiries ; but dcfpairing 

* of any Succefs in the Reprefentative Body of the Elingdopi, 

* they fomented Tumults among the Dregs of the Pec^Ie 
^ atHoine, and fpirited up the Pretender to an Invafion 

< from Abroad, This gave your faithful Commons frefh 

* Opportunities of rfiewing their Affection to your Majefty^s 
' Perfon, and their Fidelity to your Government, by their 

* unanimous Concurrence in granting fuch Supplies as were 

* fufiicient to difappoint the pne, and by their paffing fuch 

* Laws as were neceflary to fupprefs the other ; and, in 

* every Refpcdt, to exprefs their Abhorrence of a Popifli 

< Pretender, concerning whom, nothing remams nnfufpedled, 
4 * but his Bigotry to Superftidon, and his Hatred to our 

* holy Relig^n ; for the Advancement of which your Ma- 

* jefty has exprefs*d your pious Care, by recomme]\ding to 
^ your Commons the providing Mamtenance for the Mini- 

* &ers who are to officiate in the new Churches. This your 

* Commons readily comply'd with, trailing, that the Prayers 

* there ofFer'd to the Almighty, will bring down a Bleffing 

* on all your Majefty's Undertakings ; and not doubting, 

* but that the Dodlrines there taught, will be a Means to 

* fecure the Quiet of your Kingdoms, and the Obedience 
^ of your People. 

* The Revenue fet apart for the Ufes of the CiWl Go-. 
' vemment, your Commons found fb much intangled with 

* Mortgages and Anticipations, that what remained, was far 

* from being fufficient to fupport the Honour and Dignity 

* of the Crown : This your Commons took into ferioos 
' Coniideration, and being truly fenfible, that on your Ma- 

^ * jelly's Greatnefs the Happinefs of your Subje^ entirely 

** ^ depends, they have put the Civil Revenues into the fame 

: ' ^- State, in which they were granted to your Majefty's glo- 
' rious Predeceflbr, King WilHam, of immortal Memory j 
^ and thereby enabled your Majefly to make an ample Pro- 

* vifion for the Prince of Wales, whofe heroick Virtues are 

< the beft Security of your Majefty*sThrone, as his other per^ 

* fonal Endowments are the Joy of all your faithful Subje^s, 

* I fhould but ill difcharge the Truft repofed in me by 
^ the Commons, did I not lay before your M^jefty, with 

< y/\^^ Ch^crf\iKfs thejr r^eiv'4 your Majefty's gracious 

< Int^ntiwa 

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f C 45 ) 

* loteBtioiis for her Royal Highnefs the Princefs ; and with 
' km ffluch Readinefs and Unanimity they enabled your 
' Vkjt&y to fettle a Revenue fuitable to the Dignity of a 
' Priocefs, whofe Piety, and fteady Adherence to the Pro- 

* teftant Religion, is the Glory of the prefisnt Age, and 
' will be the Admiration of all future Generations. 

* May it pleafe your Majefty, 
' The Bills which the Commons have prepared to com- 
' pleat the Supplks for this Year's Service, and for the 
' othar Porpofes I have mentioned, are fevcrally intitled, 

I. Jh A^ to enable bis Majefty to fettle a Revenue fir /up* 
ftrting the Dignity of her Rvfal Highnefs y &c. 

II. An Aa for enlarging the Capital Stock and yearly Fund 
i the South-Sea Company, &C. 

III. An A3 for making Provijtonfor the Minifters oftheffiy 
new Cburehes, Sec, 

* Which they: with all Humility now prefent to your 
' Majefty for your Royal Aflent.' 

After this, his Majefty gave the Royal AiTent to the three 
BQk before mentioned, as alfo to fix more pttblick, and 
to nine private Bilk. 

Theft his Majefty was pleas'd to declare from the Throne, 
tliat he had ordered the Lord Chancellor to deliver his Ma- 
jefty's Speech to both Houfes of Parliament, in hisMajefty's 
Name and Words, whkh he did accordingly, as follows : 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
" T Am perfwaded you are all by this Tiipe very defirous Theicijjrtsp^ 
" JL of fome Recefs, and that it cannot be defefr'd longer, IwiaScnu* 
** without great Inconvenience to your private Affairs. 

" Bttt before I part with you, I muft return you my moft 
** finccre Thanks for ypur having fmifh'd, with fo much 
" Wifibm and Unanimity, what I recommended to your 
" Care ; and particularly I muft thank you. Gentlemen of 
" the Houfe of Commons, for the Provifion you h#e made, 
" w well for the Support of the Honour and Digni^r of 
*' the Crown, as for the other neceflary Occafions of the 
" Publick ; efpedally for your having done it by Means fo 
" little burthcnfome to my People ; which, I affure you, 
" fccommends the Supi^ies to me above any other Circum- 
" fcffice whatfoever. 

My Lords and Gendemen, 

** The open and dedar'd Rebellion, which is now a^bually 
** kegun in Scotland, muft convince all, who do not wifti to 
** fee OS given up into the Hands of a Popifli Pretender, of 
I^ *t Dangers ^ which we have been^, and ^re ftill expos'd. 

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** I thought it incambent upon ine> to give you the car- 
lied Notice of the Defigns of our Enemies^ and I cannot 
fufficiently commend the Zeal and Difpatch with which 
•' you impower'd me, at a Time when the Nation was in 
** fo naked and defencelefs a Condition, to make fuch Pre- 
** parations as I Ihould think neceflary for our Security. 
** You fhall have no Reafon to repent of the Truft and Con- 
** fidence you repofe in me, which 1 fhall never ufc to any 
** other End than for the Protedion and Welfare of my 
" People. 

" It was fcarce to be imagined, that any of my Proteftant 
" Subjedts, who have known and enjoy'd the Benefits of 
** our excellent Coiiftitution, and have heard of the great 
".Dangers they were wonderfully delivered from by the 
** happy Revolution, fhould, by any Arts and Manage- 
*' ment, be drawn into Meafures that muft at once deftpoy 
•*• their Religion and Liberties, and fubjedl them to Popery 
•* and arbitrary Power, but fuch has been our Misfortune, 
** that too many of my People have been deluded, and 
** made inftrumental to the Pretender's Deiigns, who had 
*^ never dar'd to think of invading us, or raifing a Rebellion, 
** had he not been cncourag'd by the Succefs his Emiflaries 
•* and Adherents have already had in ftirring up Riots and 
** Tumults, and by the farther Hopes they entertain of 
** raifing Infurre£Uons in many Parts of my Kingdoms. 

" The endeavouring to perfuade my People, that the 
,** Church of England is in Danger nnder my Government, 
** has been the main Artifice employed in carrying on this 
" wicked and traitcrous Defign. . This Infinuation, after 
•* the fblemn AfTurances I have given, and by having laid 
•** hold on all Opportunities, to do every Thing that may 
" tend to the Advantage of the Church of England, is both 
** unjuft and ung^-atefd : Nor can I believe fo groundlefs 
^ and malicious a Calumny can make any Impreflion upon 
" the Minds of my faithful Subjects, or that they c^ be 
" fo far mifled, as to think the Church of England is to be 
*< fecur'dft>y fetting a Popilh Pretender on the Throne^ 
My Lords and Gentlemen, 
" The Proofs this Parliament has given of their unfhaken 
** Duty and AfFeAion to me, and of their Love and Zeal 
*' for the Intereft of their Country, will recommend you to 
** the good Opinion and Efieem of all who have their Reli- 
" gion and Liberty truly at Heart, and has laid a lailing 
** Obligation upon me ; and I queftion not, but by your 
" farther Afliflance in tlie feveral Countries to which you 
" are going, with the Bleffing of Almighty God, who ha» 
^ fo frequently interpoi*d in Favour of this Nj^tion, I fhall 

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( ¥! ) 
*• be able to difappoifit and defeat the Dcfigns of our Enc- ^~*; ««•«• 
" mics. \^ ^V"^^ 

" Our Meeting again to do Bufinefs early in the next 
" Winter, will be ufeful on many Accounts ; particuUrly, 
^ that the fitting of Parliaments may be again brought into 
" that Seafon of the Year which is moil convenient ; and 
" that as little Delay may be given as is poflible to your 
" judicial Proceedings; and I fhall at prefent give fuch 
" Orders to my Lord Chancellor, as may not' put it long 
" out of my Power to meet you on any fudden Occafion." 

And then the Lord Chancellor, by his Majefty*s.Com- 
mand, faid. 

My Lords and Gentlemen* 
' TT is his Majefty's Royal Will and Plcafure, that both The Koofe u- 

• 1 Houfcs Ihould forthwith feverally adjourn themfelves to i«*™* «> o*. 6ifc, 

* Thuriliay the fixth Day of Odober next.' 

Oaiinr 6. The Parliament being met at Weftminfter, 
purfuant to their laft Adjournment, Gen. Stanhope acquaiur , 
ted the Houfe, That it wf s the King's Pleafure, that the 
Parliament fhould be adjoum'd for a Fortnight ; and there- 
fort deiir*d that the Houfe would adjourn itfelf until the 
20th of 06lober : Which the Houfe did accordir^y ,• AttJi aftenrai* » 

Oader 20. G^n. Stanhope acquainted the lioufe with Kfc5^ty'»a«iH 
his Majefty's Pleafure, that the Parliament be adjourn'd uur "*"**' 
|il the 5th of November. Upon which the Commons ad- 
joum'd themfelves to that Day, and afterwards to November 
2ift. and then to December 14. at his Majefty's Defire. 

Dtctmber 14. The Commons order'd, That Sir Edward sir Edw. Northey 
Nordicy be added to the Conmiittee of Secrecy, in the Room ^«4 oflfcSS^ 
of Sir Richard Onflow, Bart, who had accepted the Place of °" **^ 
<acof the Tellers of his Majefty's Exchequer, and was not 
rechofc. It was order'd like wife, that Mr Speaker do write 
circular Letters to all the Sheriffs of the Kingdom, to fum- circular -Ltxten 
mon the Members in their refpedive Counties to attend the ^heM^lnS;!? mI* 
Service of the Houfe upon the 9th of January : After which ^nda iceonthe 
General Stanhope acquainted the Houfe, that he had a Mef- whi?h^rhS^th^ 
% from his Majefty to this Houfe, fign'd by his Maje% ; ^'"^ *^^*"^- 
which he delivered to Mr Speaker, as follows, viz. 


HIS Majefty underftanding, that many, both of the 
Houfe of Lords and Commons are detained in the 
** Country, as well by their private as the publick Bufinefs ; 
" and the Holidays being now fo near, during which there is 
'* ufually a Reccfs, it is lis Majefty's Pleafure, that the Par- 
!! liament adjounn to Monday the ninth J):xy of January 

*' next 

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*^ next, at which Time his Majeily intends the Parliament 
" fhall fit to do Bufmefs. 

Then the Houfe accordingly adjourn'd 'till Monday the 
9th of January. 

TU Parliament January 9. The Parliament being met at Wcftminfter, the 


King went to the Hodc of Peers, and the Commons being 
fent for up, and attending, the Lord Chancellor read his Ma- 
jefty's Speech to both Houfes, as follows : 

f Lords and Gentlemen, 
HE Zeal and AfFedlicn to my Government, and the 
vigilant Care for the Safety of the Nation, which 
** you have ihewn in your refpe6Uve Counties, have not 
•* only fully anfwer'd my Expe^tions, but give me Affui'- 
•* ances that you are met together refdlv'd to aft widi a Spi- 
" rit becoming a Time of common Danger, and with ftich 
*• a Vigour, as will end in the Confdion of all thofe who 
** have openly engagM in this Rebellion, and in the Shame 
*^ and Reproach of fuch as by fecret and malicious Infinuad- 
** ons, have fomented, or by an avow'd Indifl^erence, en- 
** courag'd this traiterous Enterprize. 

** It is, I doubt not, a great Satisfaction to you to have 
*' obferv'd, that the Powers you entrufted me with for Ac 
** Prefervatibn of the publick Safety, have beeii employed in 
** the moft proper and efFeftual Manner, and made ftridly 
** fubiervient to thofe Purpofes only for which you intended 
.** them ; and you muft have had the Pleafure to refle£i with 
** me, that as the Meafures taken for our Defence, have 
** been juft and neceflary, fo it has pleafed the Divine Pro- 
** vidence to blefs them with lories of fuitable Succefs: And 
** I cannot but take this Opportunity of doing Juftice to the 
** Officers and Soldiers of the Army, whofe brave and^ 
^* faithful Difcharge of their Duty, has difaj^inted our 
** Enemies, and contributed fo much to the Safety of the 
" Nation. 

*^ I did hope, that the detefting and preventing the dc- 
** fign'd InfurreCtions in fome Parts of the Kingdom, and the 
«* defeating in others, thofe who had taken up Arms againft 
" me, would have' put an'End to this Rebellion; but it is 
** plain that our Enemies, animated by fome fecret Hopes 
'* of Affillance, are flill endeavouring to fupport this d^)e- 
** rate Undertaking ; and the Pretender, as I have Rea£)n 
** to believe, is now landed in Scotland. 

** It is however with Pleafure I can acquaixjt yoH, that 
*' notwithftanding thefe inteftine Commotions, Great Britain 
•* has, in fome Meafure, recbver'd its Influence and Repu- 
^ tation Abroad* The Treaty for fettling the Barrier for 

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( 49 ) 

^* the Netherlands^ is now fully concluded between the Em: ^1"^f:i6^' *• 

" perorand the States General, undermy Guaranty. The L-/'^V*S^ 

** King of Spain has agreed to a Treaty, by which that V4- 

" luable Branch of our Commerce will be dcliver'd from the 

" new Impofitions and Hardfhips to which it was fubjeiSl^ . 

" by the late Treaties,-^ and will Ibnd fettled for the future 

'* on a Foot more advantageous and certain, than it ever did 

*' in the moSt flourifhing Time of any of my Predeceflbrs ; 

" and the Treaty for renewing all former Alliances between 

•' the Crown of Great Britain, and the States General, 'i$ 

" brought very near to its Concluiion. 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons, 

" I muft rely on your AfFedion to me, and your Care and * 
" Concern for the Safety of the Nation^ to grant me fuch 
" Supplies, as may enable me to rellore and fecure the Peace 
" of the Kingdom ; and I will order Eftimates of the necef- 
" fary Expences to be laid before you. 

" Among the many unavoidable ill Confequences of this 
'* %bellion> none affedts me more feniibly, than that extra- 
" ordinary Burthen which it has and muft create to my faith- 
" ful Subjeds. Tb eafe them as far as lies in my Power, I 
" take this firft Opportunity of declaring, that I will freely 
« give up all the Eftates that (hall become forfeited to the 
" Crown by this Rebellion^ to be apply'd towards defraying 
** the extraordinary Expencc incurr'd on this Occafion. 
My Lords and Gentlemen, 

** It is Matter of the greateft Uneafinefs to me, that the 
" firft Years of my Reign^ the whole Courfe of which I 
" Wiih'd to have tranfmitted to Pofterity, dillinguilh'd by 
" the fair and endearing Marks of Peace and Clemency^ 
" Oiould be clouded and overcaft with fo unnatural a Rebel- 
" lion ; whiphi however impotent and unfuccefsful a due 
" Care may render it in all other Refpeds, does moft fenfibly, 
" affiid me, by the Calamities it has brought on piany of 
" my faithful Sabjeds, and by thofe indifpenfible Returna 
" of Severity which their Sufferings and the publick Safety 
*' do moft juftly call for. Under this, Concern, nly grcatell 
*' Comfort is, that I cannot reproach myfelf with having 
*' given the leaft Provocation to that Spirit of Bifcontent and 
" Calumny tllat has been let loofe againft me, or the lealt 
*' Pretence for kindling the Flame of this Rebellion. 

" Let thofe whofc fatal Counfels kid the Foundation of 
" all thefe Mifchiefs, and thofe whofe private Difcoiltftits 
" and Di (appointments, difguis'd under falfe Pretences, have 
** betray'd great Numbers of deluded People into their owni 
** Deftrudion, anfwer for the Miferies in which they hav^ 
" involv'd their Fellow-Subjeds. I queftlon not, but that 
" with the Continuance of God*s B-cffin^^, who alone '\$ 
' Yoi:. I. ^ G 1' ab}#' 

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( 5<y y 

*' able to form Good but of Evil, and with the cheerful At 
^ ** fiftance of iliy Parliament, we (hall, in a Ihort Time, fed 
** this Rebellion end, not only in reftoring the Tranquility 
** of rfiy Government, but in procuring a firm and lading 
** Eftabli/hment of that excellent Conftifution in Church and 
** State, which it was manifeftly defign'd to Tubvert : And 
** that this open and flagrant Attempt in Favour of Popery, 
" will abolim all other Diflinftions among us, but of fuch as 
** are zealous Aflfertors of the Liberties of their Country, the 
"** prefent Eftablilhment, and the Protellant ReKgibUj and of 
*' fuch as are endeavouring to fubjeft the Nation to the Re- 
.*• venge and Tyranny of a Popilh Pretender. 

rhmif^^^th^K\ '^^^ Commons being returned to their Houfe, and having 
forthcai^vcspeccfunanimoufly refolv'd on an Addrefs of Thanks to his Maje- • 
St"d"o^^ "' %» fent to the Lords to defire them to contimrc fitting* for 
fome Time. This Meflage was carry 'd by Mr Lechmere, who 
having reported to the Houfe, that the Lords confented |o do 
fo, made a Speech to the following EfFe£l,viz. * That after the 
spc^^ihSron. general AfTurances ihe Houfe had given to his Majefty, one 
Moment ought not to be loft, without taking fome effedual 
Step cowards making them good : That the firft and great 
Concern was, to put an End to this Rebellion ; not only to 
quiet the prefent Commotions, but to extinguifh - the very 
PolTibility of their being renewed : That for thefe Ends, eve- 
ty Gentleman would agree to ftrengthen the Hands of the 
Jting in fuch a Manner, as would enable him fpeedily and 
eiFeSually to compleat this Work : That the Houfe would 
do this with abfolute Cheerfulnefs, from the certain Know- 
ledge and Fxperience they had of the Wifdom and Juftice of 
his Majefty, who would make no other Ufe of any Confi- 
dence his Parliament fhould repofe in him, than to promote 
the common Welfare of his People ; and that Whatever ex- 
traordinary Affillance the prefent Jundlure of Affairs fhould 
require, would be continued no longer than the publick Ne- 
ceflity caird for : That the next ufeful and necelTary Step, 
was the National Juftice, which was incumbent on this 
Houfe, in Duty to the King, as well as in Judice to the Peo- 
ple : And as* ungrateful and difagreeable a Part as this mull 
be, yet, when the Defign of the Enemy wa^ become fo def- 
perate, and fo avow'd, as to Urike at the Crown upon the 
ling's, Head, and to involve the Nation in the Calamities of 
a Civil War, the Houfe could not exert themfelves too early, 
nor with too much Vigour ; and that as the Houfe acquitted 
itfelf on this Occnfion, ha promis'd himfelf the EiFed would 
be anfwerable : That the Spirit which fhould be ihewn in 
this Inftance, would animate the Friends of the Govemmertt, 
both at Home and Abroad ,- and the Terror it i^uft ftrike 


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{ 5' .) 
on our Enemies, would be equal at leaft, and contribute as ^"JJ, J*^* ^ 
much to the common Safety, as any other Preparation that 
had or could be made. He wifh'd he could fay or think, 
that this Rebellion was the Projed of thofe only, who ap* 
pcar'd to head it ; or that it was the Refult of the weak or 
rafh Counfels of thofe who publickly avow'd it : He wifh'd 
he could fay, that it was the Work of Papifts only, or of 
thofe few Protcftants who were wicked or weak enough 
openly to join in it. He wifh'd he could fay, that it was a • 
Plot but of Yefcerday, and that it had taken no deeper Root 
than ordinary Appearances would lead to fufped ; but he 
thought it plain, that it was the EiFed of many Years La- 
bour, of the joint and united Labour of great Numbers, both 
Protellants and Papitts, the plain and ^eceflary Confequencc 
of the Meafures which had been carrying on for fome Yeart 
laft : That to frame a right Judgment of the Nature of thi> 
Rebellion, he thought it neceflkry fqr the Houfe to look 
back^ and conftder the natural Tendency of the publick Pro- 
ceedings of late Years, and the Connexion they bore with 
the prefent unfortunate State of Things : When Men in 
facred Funflions fufFer'd themfelves to become St^te-Inflrur 
ments, and the great Merit of fuch Men was, under the 
Pretence of afferting the Dodrines of the Church of Eng- 
land, to Qondenm the Revolutiop, he gpuld never un4eriland 
any other Defign or Tendency from thofe. Pra6iices, than to 
undermine the Foundatiori of the Proteflaitt Succeffion. He 
remembered it was faid upon a very folemn Occafion,. hjy a 
very honourable Gentleman, * That the condemning the hlte 
** happy Revolution, could have no other Meaning, than tor 
"make Way for another :'' That however wicked and dan- 
gerous thefe Pradices were,they made too great an Impreffion^ 
and contributed a great deal to the prefent Calamity : That af 
the Dellgns of the Enemy grew'more avowM, State-Prmciplet 
of another Kind were advanced, which flill coaduc'd to the 
fame End : That 'twas well known what Induftry was us'd 
to inculcate- the Notions of Hereditary Rig^t to the 
Crown, in Oppofitipn to the Settlement which had been 
made of it in the Houfe of Hanover, by the Authority of 
Parliament, and with no other View, than to weaken that 
Settlement : That every one remfeniber'd what ^traordinary 
pains were taken to poyfon the People with this dangerous 
Notion i and that thofe who made the bell Couct to MeA in 
Power, were fuch who efpous'd this Opinion in the moft 
notorious Manner : That he could not forget with what 
Tcndemefs a certain Divine of the Church of England was 
treated below Stairs, whilft under Profeqution for the moft 
impudent Libel [7i&# Hereditary Right 0£erted^ &c.] that 
ncf ira» pubSih'd tgjugft any Gorerament, that had cither 
'** G 2 ' Will 

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{ 52 ) 
^]"/^,^°-'' Will or Power to maintain it felf. He thoaghtthe Punifli- 
\y^^Y*S^ ment that was inflifted on that Gentleman light enough, 
but he could not avoid taking Notice of a remarkable Paf-^ 
fage, which then alarm'd every thinking Man, and will, 
pne Time or other, deferve the Confideration of this Houfe, 
yiz. The Order from the Government, counteriign'd by a 
Secretary of State, to the Judges of the QueeiTs Bench, 
after the Judgment {xifs'd, to fuperfcde th^ ignominious 
Part of the Poniihment, by Reafon of the {acr«d Function 
of the Criminal ; by which the moft unexampled and dan- 
gerous Diltinftion was introduc'd ; and which Proceeding 
coUld bear no other Conllrudtion, than as a Licenfe and 
Prote6Uon, even from the Government, to Men in holy 
Orders, to propagate that deftruftive Pofition with Impunity j 
and the Charafter of the Perfon, which ought in Juftice to 
have aggravated his Guilt, and heighten'd the Punifhment, 
• became his Indemnity againft the Reproach of it, ev^n by 

the Authority of the Government it felf He remember'd 
in what Manner every Thing of that Nature was treated in 
Weftminfler-Hall ; what Severities were exercis'd againft 
thofe Perfons who had Courage enough to affert the Intcreft 
V ipf their Country, and of the Protelhnt Succeffion, at the 

fame Time that the Patrons of hereditary Right enjoy'd all 
Indulgences : That he mentioned thefe Things on no Un* 
^ frertainties, having been an Eye-Witnefs of them himfelf^ having fallen to his Share to bear ibme Part in them : 
\ *rhat this was one of the moft fuccefsfol Parts of the 

IScheme of thofe who had fix'd their Eyes on the Pretender : 
That the Houfe need not be told how far it had operated 
to the Prejudice of the Proteftant Succeflion. That he could 
give many other Inftances of this Kind ; all which promoted 
the fame End. The grofs piftinftions that were coin*d to 
elude the Oaths that had been made for the Security of the 
povernment ; the Endeavours that were us'd to poffefs the 
People with falfe Fears of the Danger of the Church ; and 
the little Care that was taken, to fay no worfe of it, to 
• inftil into the Youth of the Kingdom, fuch Principles as 

were coniiftent with the true Intereft either of Church or 
State. That he look'd upon thefe Things which he had 
m^ntion'd, to be the Foundation of the Scheme that was 
now, by » this Rebellion, carrying on into Execution ; and 
' he own'd, that in this Refpeft, the Authors of it were wife 
in their Generation ; for by thefe Arts, the very Principle 
on which the Proteftant Succeflion is founded, was fhaken j 
^md tho' the Methods of doing it, were bafe and vile, yet 
the DiflbtisfaiSlion and Uneafmefs that was created by thenn 
ill the Minds of the People, made Way for the Change that 
)*as defirM. That he craved Leave of the Houfe, to put 

them , 

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( 53 ) 
tiiem in Mind of other Parts of this Scheme, that was car» 
rying on at the fame Time. The Enemies to the prefent 
Governmient judging aright for their own Purpofe, by all 
Methods to attack the Confciehces of the People, as to the 
Legality and JuHice of the Settlement of the Crown in the 
Houfe of Hanover, they thought it neceflary, at the fame 
Time, to difable, as far as they could, thofe Perfons who 
had been moft remarkable for their Services in the Support 
of it. That the great Effort was made at that Great Man, 
[il}€ Duke of Marihorougb"] who is not only the Honour and 
Ornament of his Country, but the Glory lof the Age he 
lives in. He added, he thought he fhould not be fufpedcd 
of Flattery at this Time, nor, as he belicv'd, at any Time, 
with Refpefi to that Great Man. That many who then 
heard him-, remembered the Part he took in Vindication of 
that Great Man, whilft his Charafter was under Debate in 
this Houfe. That he could not forget the Rage and Inve- 
teracy with which he was purfu'd ; nor how much Strefs 
was laid upon obtaining the Cenfures of Parliament upon 
him : That the Afperfions then thrown upon him, did not 
hurt that Great Man ; and whatever Endeavours may at any 
Time beus'd to leffen him, will hurt none but tliofe that 
ihall pronK>te them ; but yet thofe vain Endeavours werf a 
very ufeful Part of the Scheme then carrying on. 'Twas a 
neceflary Step for thofe Men to put him out of the Way, 
whofe very Name and Aj^arance, at that Time, 'would 
have been fufiicient to /aife Armies in Favour of the Pro- 
teftant Succeffion, and the Liberties of his Country : But he 
could not but obferve, that as ferviceable as it was for the 
Meafures of thofe Men to wound his Charafter, 'twas now a 
ReproJcL to the Kingdom, that thofe groundlefs Afperfions, 
which had been caft upon him, should remain upon the 
Journals of Parjiament. That another Great Lord, [the 
Lord Vifcount To'wnjShenJ'i fell under the Violence of thofe 
Times, whofe Profecution was attended with uncommon 
Fury. That himfclf had fome Share in juftifying that 
Great Man in this Houfe, when he was voted an Enemy 
to his Countr)5* That he cWerv'd at that Time, and the 
Event has made it evident, that the Barrier was but the 
Pretence, and- the great Services he had done to the Protc- 
ftant ^ucceflion, was the true Provocation which drew that 
Rage upon him. That two other honourable Gentlemen, 
[Gen. ^tanhofeand Mr R. Walpole then fitting near him,] had 
felt the Severity of thofe Times ; they had difting\jifli*d 
themielves by their Zeal and Firmnefs to the true Intereft 
of their Country, and were too confiderable to efcape the 
Malice of thofe who had other Views. That thofe Pro- 
ffcdmgs, how uncertain foev^r the Dcfign of ^hem might 


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f 54 ) 
Anno a. ceo.i. appear while they .were tranfa^ting, hare been fufficientl^r 
v^JiL^.*^^ explained by what has followed. That the Name of that 
General, for whofe immediate Service the Great Man firit 
mention'd, was blemilh'd, and for whom there* was Vanity- 
enough to make him his Rival, is now become the Re- 
proach of his Family and Country : He avows the Service 
of the Pretender, and e*€r long we may hear of him at the 
He^d of an Expedition for ellablifhing Popery and arbitrary- 
Power. ' That the Secretary of State, who diftinguifhM 
himfelf in the Purfuit of the other Great Lord, fias fuffi- 
ciently explain'd his Defigns to the whole World ; and the 
next Tidings that we may expeft from abroad, is, that he 
has taken upon him the Character of a Minifter to the Pre- 
tender. Thit he look'd upon the difabMng the great AC- 
ferters of the Proteftant Intereft, to be a fe^ond, and no 
fmall Part of the Scheme j and while thefe Things were 
carrying on, their little Engines and Tools were carrying on 
their Work in Weilminfter-Hall. That every Man who 
favoured the Hanover Succeffion, was to be worry *d, and 
all open and fcandalous Afferters of contrary Principles, 
were treated with all the Care and Tendernefs of Friends. 
Charters of Corporations were attacked in a more unpre- 
cedented and dangerous Manner, than in former Times, 
when Praftices of that Kind were moll jullly complained of, 
and no Stone was left untum'd to ftrengchen themfelves in 
that Refpedl. That he would not then trouble the Honie 
any more upon that Head, having fome Thoughts, e'er 
long, to prefent them with a fmall Collelftion of Things of 
that Kind, for their ferions Confideration. That the Maf- 
ter-Strokes of this grand Scheme, were yet behind : That 
the fureft Way to deftroy the Government, has beetf always 
thought to be by its own Hands, that is, by the Authority 
and power of Parliament. For this Purpofc, a Confederacy, 
by which the Liberties of Europe had been fo long fuftain^d 
againft the Power of • France, was broke to Pieces by Votes 
that were obtained in this Houfe in the moll extraordinary 
Manner. That the Honour of the Nation, the Balance of 
Power, and the Protellant Intereft in Europe, were effec^ 
tually given up in the Negociations and Conclufion of the 
Peace, by which France was rellor'd to its ancient and for- 
midable State ; and every Body rcmember'd how near they 
were, by the fame Influences, to have given lip the whole 
Trade of the Nation, to the Intefell of the French King^ 
who, after that, had no fuitable Return left for him to make 
for fqch Services, but to bellow upon them a Pretender, 
bred up in his own Faith, and in his own Politicks. That 
nothmg could have obftrufted this, but the many miraculous 
Pro?id«ncc$ that immpdialoly f«dlow*d, when his Powqr 


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throaghout Europe was uncontellable ; and, by theMeafurcs Aanot.oct.i. 
that had been taken, the Proteftant Succeflion had fcarce a '^'^ ' * 
Friend left in the World. That the King's Acceffion to the 
Tkone, accompany 'd by fo many providential Circumllan- 
ces, as it difappointed the immediate Execution of the 
Scheme^ ib it quieted the Spirit of thofe Men for fome 
Time. That if the Houfe would make a right Judgment 
of the prefent Rebellion, they miiH compare the Steps that 
immediately preceded it, with. thofe that were taken in the 
laft Reign, when the Hope was to have brought about the 
fame End without a Stroke ; That the fame Endeavours 
icon appeared ft propagate the fame Principles, both in 
Church and State ; and thofe Endeavours, tho' at firll not 
fo open, were yet as reftlefs to create DiflatisfaAion againfl 
his N^jefty's Government, as they had been before to pre- 
vent its taking Place. As the Encouragement grew ftronger. 
Tumults and Riots were univerfally fomented ; and 'twas 
well known from what Quarter they rofe, and againft whom 
they were levelFd ; but yet no one Inflance has been aflign'd, 
throaghout his Adminiftration, that could offend or provolce 
any but a Jacobite Spirit. That his Majefly has done 
more for the Honour of the Church, and the true Interefl 
of his Kingdom, than any of his Predeceflbrs, in three 
Times the Number of Years : That his Perfonal Virtues, 
and the Wifdom and Steadinefs of his Government, have 
retrieved the Honour and Reputation of his Kingdoms, 
which had been fo fhamefully loll : That his Weight and 
Influence Abroad, and the Credit he has obtained in all the 
known Parts of the World, have already procured the Set- 
tlement of the Matters in Difference between the two 
chief Powers of Europe, from whom elbne we can expeA 
Aflillance in Times of Danger. That no fmgle Inflance 
can be affign'd of Hardfhip or Opprefllon to any one of his. 
Sobje^, or that can give a jull Reafon ofDiHatisfadion ; but 
on the contrary, thofe who have ihewn the greateft Averlion 
to his Government, have received the kindcil Invitations, 
and enjoyed the highell Indulgences from him. That if any 
Errors may have been committed in any Parts of the Admi*- 
niibation, during the prefent Diforders, every honell Man 
ought to judge of them by this one Rule, that is, the plain 
Ddign for which all Meafures are calculated, which every 
Body muft admit to be the Prefervation of the Proteftant 
Succeflion: That all Incidents of fuch an Adminiftration^ 
ought to be covered or juftify'd by the Intereil that (hall ap- 
pear to be carry 'd on throughout the whole : That by the 
feme Rule of Juftice, when the Deilru£lion of the Common 
Interefl was the plain Intention t)f the late Adminiftration, 
the greateft Weight ought to be laid on. every little Circum- 


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llance that attended, in order to obtain a publickSatisfadUon. 
That by taking in all thefe Gonfidei-ations^ he thdught the 
Houfe would make a full and right Judgment of the Nature 
of this Rebellion ; from whence if took its Rife, how deep 
it had taken Root, to what Influences it was owing, and h<n¥ 
far it extended ; That the Part the Lord Derwentwater and 
others, had taken in it; were to be confider'd as the firit 
Symptoms of that general Diforder, for which fo much Foun- 
dation was laid ; for which Reafon, he thought that the 
Houfe could not coniider this othcrwife, than as the Caufe of 
the Nation, in the ftrongeft Manner. That in Juftice to the 
King,^as well as to the People, they ought to take this into 
their own Hands, and not to entruit the Profecution of it 
with any Body but themfdves. That every Body knew to 
what Hazards Profecutions in the ordinary Courfe of Juftice^ 
Were liable, tho' they were never fo well concerted by thoie 
whofe Bufmefs it was to carry them on : But how fure foever 
this Succefs might be, in a Cafe fo notorious as this, yet it 
was obvious to every Body, of what different Weight and 
Influence the Profecutions of Parliament were, from thoie in 
the ordinary Forms. That he own'd he was furpriz'd that 
any Meafures had been taken of that Kind, againft the Peers 
who hnd been taken in open Rebellion, a Parliament fit- 
ting, which had fliew'd fo much Zealj and had contributed 
fo tnuch to the Prefervation of the Government, efpecially at 
a Time when the Crown on the Kmg's Head was fighting 
for. That he very well knew, that tho' the Houfe of 
Commons Right of Impeaching Criminals was unlimited, 
yet they would exercife that Power by the Rules of Wifiiom 
and Difcretion, and not engage in trivial Matters, but in 
fuch only, where thft Offenders were not within the Reach of 
the ordinary Juftice, or the Nature of their Crimes fuch as 
were not fit to be meddled with by the ordinary JurifdidUons. 
That the Cafe of the Lords taken in Rebellion, was indeed 
notorious^ and of which the Proof would be eafy ; but tho* 
not from the Difficulty of the Profecution, yet from the 
Weight and Confequence of it, he thought he need fay little 
more to convince the Houfe,to make it their own Profecution, 
by which they engaged every Commoner in Great Britain, as 
an immediate party againft thofe who had carry'd a War 
into the Bowels of the Kingdom. That no Inftance ever 
had rifen in the Englifh Hiftory, where their Anceftors had 
permitted a Profecution of this Kind, againft the chief Ac- 
tors, to be carry 'd any where but in full Parliameitt. That 
the five Popifh Lords were purfu'd by the loud Voice and 
Weight of the Commons of England ; and tho' at that Time 
the Nation was in Peace, Ihey would not permit the Fate of 
thofe Profecutions to depend on the Care or Skill of thofe' 


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who are versed in th^ ordinary Forms pf jaftice ; and theif A11102, jdeo. t 
Sacteis was anfwerable. That he own'd his Defire, apon all ^J?^\Sn^ 
Occafionsy to raife the Honour and Authority of Parliaments, - V\>< 
which he thought the greateil Support of the Honour and 
the Prerogatives of the Crown ; for which Reafon, he took 
this Occafion to ipeak more fully to the Nature of Impeach- 
ments, and the rather, becaufe he apprehended fome Gende-^ 
men had miflaken Notions concerning them : That the Power 
of Impeachments was the moil valuable and ufeful Privilege * 
that belong^ to the Body of the Commons, at leaH equal to 
thftt of giving Money, which belongs folely to thenu 
That Gentlemen need not be apprehenfive of any Intricacies 
in thofe Proceedings, efpecially at a Time, and upon an 
Occafion, when there was no Doubt of the Concurrence of 
both Houfes. That the Impeachments were in themfelves 
more plain, regular, and difentangled^ than any other Forms 
of Jullice. That they were particularly excepted out of the 
late Statute of Treafons, which had very much fetter'd the 
ordinary Courfe of Proceedings. That Impeachments were 
never made difficult, but when they were carried on againft 
the Inclination of the Crown, or at a Time when there was 
no good Underftanding between the two Houfes ; when litde 
Occafions might be fought to raife Difputes, and interrupt 
them ; or elfe when they are undertaken, before they are 
well confider'd ; which could not be the prefent Cafe. That 
there was another Reafon, which upon this Occafion fhould 
determine Gentlemen into this Method ; which was the 
Confequence of the Judgment that fhould be obtained againil 
thofe l40rds ; He afTerted it as his clear Opinion, and which 
he thoi^ht he could maintain, 'That no Pardon under the 
Great Seal could difcharge a Judgment obtained upon the 
Impeachment of the Commons : ' That this Opinion had been 
ftrenuoufly afferted in this Houfe in former Reigns ; and he 
thought it not weakened by the Declaration in the Ad of 
Settleibent of the Crown upon the Houfe of Hanover. That 
he had heard of a very new DiflindUon that had been coin'd 
without Doors, to avoid this Opinion, viz. * That the Par-' 

* don was not pleadable in Bar of the Impeachment, and to 

* prevent the Commons from examining into the Offence % 

* bat that it was pleadable after Judgment, and in Bar of 

* Execution.' That whenever that Queftion fhould come 
properly before them, he undertook to uiew the Idlenefs and 
Abfuidity of that Diftinftion ; That if that Diflinftion was 
fi:am'd to make Court to the Prerogative, he thought it 
die moft falfe and deftruftive Piece of Flattery of the Kind, 
that ever had been rais'd. That it was the greatefl Eafe, Se^ 
curity,, and Support of the Crowil, in his Opinion^ inftead 
ff any Diminvitipn of it> that np fuch Poww fhould be 
^ yot.L ^ Ji lodg^d 

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^ ( 58 ) . 

^•f;^!- lodg'd there, to be excrdsM on any Occafion, to prevent the 
Pombility of the Crown's being wrought upon by any Influ- 
ences to defeat the Judgment given in full Parliament, with 
the Concurrence of boUi Houfes, againft the higheft Offen- 
ders ; which muft inevitably create the greateft Jealoufy, and 
caufe the higheft DifIatisfa£Uons between the Crown and the 
People : For this Reafon, he took it to be the greateft Ad- 
vantage to the Crown, that the Conilitution of thje Kingdom 
had not, as he thought, invefted it with any fuch Power ; 
and on the other Side it would clearly appear, that fuch a 
Power was utterly inconfiftent with the Fundaijiental Rights 
of Parliament. That he own'd he was furpris'd to hear, that 
any fuch DiflindUon Ihould be ftarted at this Time : But if 
the Law was as he apprehended it to be, it was the ftrongeft 
Reafon for the Commons to interpofe in this Profecution, to 
defend the Crown from the many Importunities to which it 
would be fubjedt in the ordinary Courfe of Juftice ; and that 
the Weight of the Profecution, and the Confequences of it, 
ihould be bom by the Commons, as it ought to be in a Cafe 
fo National as this. That if Gentlemen wanted any other 
Motives to induce them to make this Profecution their own, 
he had a Paper in his Hand, which would fire the Thoughts 
of every Gentleman there, \^meanit}g the Pretender's Deciara- 
tion : ] That no Body could read, without the utmoft Indig- 
nation, the Perfonal Indignities that were therein caft upon 
ihe beft of Princes, whole Title to the Crown, they were 
bound by all the Ties of Duty, AiFedlion, and Intereft, to 
maintain. That the Hoiife could do no lefs than to refent 
this fo far, as to make themfelves the Profecutors of thofe who 
avow'd this Caufe of the Pretender, and fet themfelves at the 
Head of Armies, in the Heart of the King's Dominions. 
That in this Paper, the Houfe would fee how they were 
treated themfelves : That they were reprefented as the moft 
illegal and infamous AfTcmbly of Men that ever met together. 
That thefe Confiderations ought in Juftice to animate and 
invigorate their Proceedings in every Refpe^t, 'till the Inve- 
teracy and Infolence of die Enemy were entirely fubdued : 
That he did not think that the Proceedings of this Houfe 
ought, in any Cafe, to be governed by vindictive Coniidera* 
tions, but by fuch Circumftances only, as from their realj 
Weight and Confequence call'd for the Interpofition of th« 
Commons : That he was fenfible that the Commons had t^ 
great Work upon their Hands, upon other Impeachments^ 
which they had thought fit to enter upon, and which were! 
ftill depending : That he knew alfo what Situation thefe Im* 
peachments were in ; and hop'd they would be rcfum'd and 
carry'd on in due Seafon, with the fame Vigour with whicfc 
they were undertaken : That he Ukewife believed, that th^ 
t ' ' Natiof 

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( 59 ) 
Natbn ezpeded that their Inquiries npon that Head fhoald Aonoi. oeo.ii 
be extended, and appear to be impartial, it hot being poffible ^2^^V*>i^ 
that a greater DiilK>nour could be brought, or an heavier 
Imputation caft upon, the Proceedings of that Houfe, than that 
of Partiality, which could not fail to fink their Credit, and to 
prevent all the good EffeAs that were hop'd and expeded 
from them ; However he concluded, that «very Gendeman 
would agree with him, that the prefent Situation and Con- 
junfture of Affairs made it necefi^ry to give the Preference 
to tbofe Lords who had been taken in open Rebellion : And 
thereupon he impeached James Earl of Derwentwater of 
High Treaibn ; which Impeachment he undertook to make 

Upon this, the Houfe refolv'd to impeach the faid Earl of 
High Treafon ; as they did likewife, upon the Motions fe- 
verally made by MrW.Pulteney, MrBofcawen, Mr Hamp- 
den, Lord Finch, the Earl of Hertford, and Mr Wortley, The Houfe i«oire 
to impeach of the fame Crime William Lord Widdringtoj?, ZJS^^c^^ 
William Earl of Nithifdale, George Earl pf Wintoim, Ro- E-t'hjia"***^^^* 
bert Earl of Carnwath, ^ William Vifcount Kenmure, and toun' cariwa^ 
William Lord Nairn. Then Mr Lechmere, and the other nLTShSi 
fix Members, in Pupfuance of the Commands of the Houfe, Treafon. 
carry'd up an Impeachment to the Bar of the Houfe, of ' 
I^rds, in the Words following, viz. 

M y Lords, * 

* ' I ^HE Conunons of Great Britain in Parliament afTem- 

* X bled, having received Information of divers Treafons 

* committed by a Great Peer of this Houfe, James Earl of 
' Derwentwater, have commanded me to impeach the faid 

* James Earl df Derwentwater of High Treafon : And I do 

* here, in their Names, and in the Names of all the Commons 

* of Great Britain, impeach the faid James Earl of Derwent- 

* water of High Treafon. And I am farther commanded by 

* the Houfe of Commons, to acquaint your Lordfhips, that 

* they will, with all convenient Speed, exhibit Articles to 

* make good the Charge againft him. 

The other fix Impeachments were all in the fame Form, 
The faid feven Members being returned to the Houfe,and ha- 
ving reported what they had done, a Committee was appoint- 
ed, of which Mr Lechmere was Chair-Man, and ordered to 
draw up Articles of Impeachment againll the feven impeach'd Articiw dravn up 
Lords, which being drawn up accordingly, and agreed to by SSS'tf^rhc Ws 
the Houfe, were carry'd to the Lords by Mr Lechmere. by Mr Lechmere 
The Articles at large the Reader may fee in the STATE 
IRJAtS, Vgl. 6* 

H ;? THe^ 

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- ( 60 ) 

The fame fiay the Commons refolvM that *? honias For- 
ftcr, Efqj Member for Northumberland, having been taken in 
open Rebellion, bearing Arms againft his Majefty, be ex- 

January^ I f . The Commons preftnted the f<^owing Ad- 
drefs to the King. 

The Commons Ad- 
4reii to (})e King. 

Moft gracious Sovereign, 

WE your Majefty's moft dutiful and loyal Subje£b, the 
Commons of Great Britain in Parliament affembled, 
return your Majefty our unfeigned Thanks for your moft 
gracious Speech from the Throne. 

* We beg Leave moft heartily to congratulate your Maje- 
fty upon the Succefs that has attended your Arms ; and it 
is with the greateft Satisfaction we obferve, that the Offi- 
cers and Soldiers of the Army have, by a brave and faith- 
ful Difcharge of their Duty, deferv'd your Majefty^s Ap- 
probation ; and that the juft and neceflary Meafures • taken 
for ftrengthening your Majefty's Hands, have had fo good 
an EfFddl, in preventing Infurre6lions in feveral Parts of the 

* The wife and feafonable Provision which your Majefty 
has made, both at Home and from Abroad, for the Safety 
of the Nation 5 your Goodnefs in giving all fuch Eftates as 
ftiall be forfeited by this Rebellion, in Eafe of your People ; 
and the tender Regard and Concern which you have been 
pleas'd to express for their Sufferings, call for all the Re- 
turns of Duty, Zeal, and AfFedUbn, which &ithful and 
loyal Subjeds can owe of pay to the beft of fcings. 

* This Rebellion, (for which not theleaft Colour of Pro- 
vocation has been given) as it ought very juftly to be the 
Objeft of your Majefty's Contempt, fo it raiies in your 
truly loyal Commons the higheft Refentment and Indigna- 
tion againft thofe ungrateful defperate Rebels, whofe per- 
nicious Principles, private Difcontents and Difappoint- 
ments, have engag'd th^m to involve their Country in 
Blood and Confufion. 

* We look with Pity upon thofe unhappy deluded People, 
who by falfe Pretences, and malicious Infinuations, have 
been betray'd into their own Deftruftion ; but we deteft, 
and will do our utmoft to confound the Devices of thofe, 
who, profefling an unlimited Obedience, have ftirr'd up a Re- 
bellion againft your Majefty, and, under the Difguife of the 
Danger of the Church, are endeavouring to introduce Po- 
pery : And when we refieft, that nothing lefs than our 
holy Religion, your Majefty's Crown, and the Liberties of 
pur Country, are CQncei-n'd ifi tte Event of this wicked 

' ' < Under* 

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^fUndertakingyWe iisaai6t but with Aftonilhinest oUerve the adao s. oe«. ju 

* lodifl^rence of feme in this great and important Jondure. .122^;^^ 

< But your faithful Commons^ with Hearts full of a due ~ 
^ Senfe of the invaluable Bleffings which they eijoy under 
' your Majefty's moft aufpicious Government, offer their 

* Lives and Fortunes in Defence pf your undoubted Tide to 

* die Crown, in Support of the Proteftant Religion, and in 

* Maintenance of the Liberty and Property of the Subje£l ; 

* which, as they were wonderfully preferv'd to us by your 

* Majefty's happy Acceflion to the Throne, can only be fe- 

* cur'd to Pofterity by the Eye of Heaven watching over and 

* guarding your facred Perfon and your Royal Family. 

* And that this Nation may long continue to be a Protc- 
' ftant and a Free People, your moic dutiful and Icyal Com- 

* mons do moft readily promife to grant fuch early and ef- 

* fcfhial Supplies, as may enable your Majefty to put an End 

* to this unnatural Rebellion, to confound and extinguifh for 

* ever all Hopes of the Pretender, his open and fecret Abet- 

* tors, and fecure the future Peace and Tranquility of your 
' Kingdoms ; being well affur'd, that your good People will 

* think no Burthen grievous, that is neceffjiry for the Prefer- 
^ vation of all that is dear and valuable to them. 

* But your Majefty's Care and Concern for the publick 

* Welfare has not^ been eonfin'd to your own ELingdoms ; 

* and however jrour Enemies might flatter themfelves, that 

* diefc inteftine Commotions would IfefTen the Influence of 

* Great Britain in foreign Parts, your Commons with Ad- 

* miration fee, and with Gratitude acknowledge, the EfFed 

* of your Wifdom, which has been able to furmount thefe 

* Difficulties, in fettling the Barrier-Treaty for the Nether- 

* lands, between the Emperor and the States-General, under 

* your Majefly's Guaranty ; in having made fo great a Pro- 

* grefs towards renewing all former Alliances between Great- , 

* Britain and the States-General ; and particularly in deliver- 
' * bg that valuable Branch of our Commerce ^ with Spain, 

* from thofe grievous Impofitions and Hardfliips to which it 

* was fubjed^ by the Treachery of the late Male- Admini- 

* ftration, * 

* And as the fame fatal and pernicious Counfels have 

* been the Gaufe and Source of all the Mifchiefs and Cala- . 

* mities that muft attend this unnatural Rebellion ; and as 

* your ^hful Commons, defirous to teftify their Zeal and 

* Duty to your Majefty, and their Abhorrence of this trea- 

* fonable Enterprize, have already exerted themfelves in en- 

* deavouring to bring to fpeedy and exemplary Juftice, the 

* open and declared Inftruments of this Rebellion, they think 

* themfelves obligM, in Juftice to their injur'd Country, to 
! contiAv^ in the moft vigorous and impartial manner, to 

< pro 

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r 6z ) 

* profecutc the Authors of thofc evil and deftra^^e CounfHs, 
I * which have drawn down thefe Miferies upon the Nation. 

To which his Majefty was plea^'d to make this Anfwer. 

The Kinr* Anfwer. " TRctum you my hearty Thanks for the kind and warm 
** X Aflurances of Loyalty contained in this Addrefs ; from 
** which I promife my fefr the moll haj^y Confequences, 
** fmce nothing can fo effedlually reftore the Peace and Tran- 
** quility of the Kingdom, as the commendable 2^al you 
** have exprefs'd upon this Occafion. 

January 21. The King went to the Houfe of Peers, and 
gave the Royal Affent to a Bill intitled, Jn AH for continu- 
ing an AH to imfoyjer hts Majefty to fecure and detain fuch 
Perfons as his Majefty Jball fufpeH are conjpiring againft bis 
' Perfon and Government^ fcf f . 

Debate cimcerning ^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ ftrenuoufly oppos'd : Mr Shippcn made 
jhc^~j^j»*»«^ a Speech againft it, in which he infilled, 'That it invaded the 
the E^^!^ moft valuable Right of Englifh Subje^, encouraged malici- 
^^* ous Informations, and gave a Handle to thofe in Power to 

Mr shJi>pea. opprefs innocent Perfons ; he therefore mov'd to have a 
Claufe inferted in it, to prevent illegal Imprifonments, and 
for the better fecuring the Dberty of the Subjeft, in Cafes 
not within the Purport of the iaid Aft.' He was. anfwer'd 
ccncrai stanhope. ^Y ^®^' Stanhope, who endeavoured to fhew the Neceffity of 
fuch an Aft, at a Time of open Rebellion ; and appeaPd to 
the whole Houfe, whether the King or his Minifters had 
made an ill or a wanton Ufe of the Power with Which the 
Parliament had thought fit to intruft his Majefty.' And the 
Queftion being put upon Mr Shippen's Motion, it pafs'd in 
the Negative, 

The King having given the Royal Affent to the faid Bill, 
the Lord Chancellor, by his Majefty's Command, read the 
following Speech to both Houfes^ 

KJng^tSpeech re- 
lating to the Pre- 
tcfider*t beading 
tiie Rebellion in 

My Lords and Gentlemen, . 
" T Had Reafon tobebcve, when I fpoke laft to you, that 
** X the Pret^cnder was landed in Scotland ; the Accounts I 
** have receiv'd fince do put it beyond all Doubt, that he 
** is heading the Rebellion there, and does affume the Stile 
*' and Title of King of thefe Realms ; his Adherents do like- 
'^ wife confidently afiirm, that Affurances are given them 
" of Support from Abroad. This Parliament hath, on all 
** Occafions, cxprefs'd fo much Duty to me, and fo true a 
^* RjCgard for the religious and civil Rights of my People, 
^' Aat I am perfwaded this daring^Prcfumption of our Ene- 

«* mics 

y Google 

( 63 ) 
*' mies will heighten your juft Indignation againft them^ and Annoi. ceo. l 
" beget fuch farther Refolutions as, with theBlefling of God, w!Jii^5i>,- 
" will enable me to defeat their Attempts. >^^r>^ 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Conmions, 
" The moft effeftual Way to put a foeedy End to thefe 
" Troubles, will be to make fuch a Provifion as may dif- 
" courage any Foreign Power from affiiUng the Rebels ; I 
" do therefore hope^ that every fmcere Proteflant-and true 
" Briton will look upon the extraordinary Expence which a 
** timely Preparation may require, to ,be the beft Husbandry, 
** fince it will, in all human Probability, prevent that Defo- 
*' lation and thofe Calamities, which would unavoidably 
" enfue, if the Rebellion fhould be fufier'd to fpread, and 
" be fupported by Popifti Forces from Abroad 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
** The World muft be convinc'd, by all you have already 
*' done, that you have nothing but the Honour and Intereft 
** of your Couritry at Heart ; and for my own Part, I rely 
*^ entirely upon you, and doubt not but you will takfe fuch 
" Refolutions, at this Junfture, as will be moft for the prc- 
" fent Safety, and future Eafe of my People. 

January 24. The Commons prcfented an Addrefs to the 
King, as follows: 

Moft Gracious Sovereign, 

* \X7E your Majefty's moft dutiful and loyal Subjeds, ^^J^J^^f^' 

* VV the Commons of Great Britain in Parliament af- *" ** 

* fembled, do, , with all Humility, return our unfeigned 

* Thanks for your Majefty's raoft gracious Speech from the 

* Throne, and for your great Goodnefs in communicating to 

* us thofe important Advices which fo highly concern the 

* immediate Safety oi your Kingdoms. 

* We can never fufficiently exprefs our grateful Senfe of 

* your Majefty's conftant Care and Tendernefs for your Peo- 

* pie, on every Occafion, fince your Acceflion to the Throne 

* of your Anceftors ; but 'tis with the utmoft Satisfadion of * • 

* Heart, that we now experience the happy Eftedls of that 

* juft Confidence which your loyal and affeftionate Commons 
' liave already repos'd in your great Wifdom, for making 

* fach Augmentation of Troops as your Majefty ftiould find 

* neceilary for our common Safety : And tho' the Growth 

* of the Rebellion has already neceflitated an Increafe of For- 
' ces, yet we muft ever acknowledge yoUr wife and tender 

* Concern for your People, in having made Provifion for our 

* Defence in fuch a Manner, at this Time of common Dan- 

* ger, as muft convince the World, that it is with the utmoft 
\ Kclu^^cy to your ftfejefty, U^atcny farther Burthens are 
*' "^ — ^ - . brought 

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( 64 ) 
broi^ht on yotur Subje^ ; and that your Majefty has 
nothing at Hearty but the Security and Welf^e of your 

* Your dutiful Commons do Jikewife acknowledge, with 

* the higbeft Gratitude to your Majeily, that by the prudent 

* DifpoStion of your Forces, not only ,the D^gns of our 

* Enemies to have rais'd Infurredions in many Parts of the 

* Kix^om have been entirely fruilrated, and the, Peace and 

* Tranquility of thefe Nations thereby, in a gre^t McaQire, 
f preferv'd ; but to. that, we owe, under God, thqfe fignal Sue- 

* ccfles which have check'd the Progrefs of tKe Rebellion, 

* and which have given us, your faithful Commons, fo ear- 

* ly and juft an Occafion to exert our felves in the mpft vig<»- 

* ous and eiFedlual Manner, for bringing fome of the chief 

* Adors -to condign Punifhment. We are aftoniih'd at the 

* daring Prefumption of the Pretender and his Adh^r^ts s 

* and do moil flncerely and heartily aflure yourMajefity^ that 

* our Indignation is hereby heightenM^gainft them ; and that 

* we cannot fo far forget our Duty and Affe^on to your 

* Majeily, and our Concern for our Religion and Liberties, 

* as not to take, at this critial Jundure, fii<;h farther Reifbla* 

* tions, as will enable your Majefty, with the Bleffing of God, 

* to defeat their Defigns. Your faithful Commons being 

* therefore firmly and unalterably refolv!d to fpare.i\o Ext 

* pence, and to decline no Hazard for the Support of your 

* Majefty 's Title and Government, whereon all that is dear 
'* and valuable to us and our Pollerities, under God, entirely 

* depends ; and being moft earneftly defirous to give ftll ima- 

* ginable Proofs of our conftant and unfhakenZeal and Ajfec« 

* tion for your facred Perfon, and being throughly convincM 

* that we cannot more effledually confult our own Security, 

* than by teftifying our entire Confidence in your Majefly^s 

* known Juftice, Wifdom, and Goodnefs, do mofl humbly 
' befeech your Majefty, tliat you will be gracioufly pleaied 

* to give Direftions, from Time to Time, for fuch farther 

* Augmentation of Troops as the Exigency of Affairs fball 

* render 15/Bceflary. 

* And we farther affiire your Majefty, that we will grant 

* fuch Supplies as ihall be fufticient, not only to main^un 

* fuch additional Forces, and to defeat all Attempts of your 
' Enemies.^ both at Home and Abroad, and to prerent 

* thofe Calamities which muft enfue, if this unnatural ^e- 

* bcllion be fuffer'd to fpread ; but ajfo to enable your 

* Majefty, with the Blefling of God, effeaually to iheir 

* your Refentment againft any foreign Power, that (hall prc- 

* fume, direaiy or indireflly, to al^t or fupport d^ie Pretcn* 

* dcr or his Adherenjs. -^ - - . 

' Ta 

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{ «s ) 

To this Addrefi, the King anfwer'd^ Aandft. oee. t- 

Gentlemen, . !2Cn^ I 

'' T Thank you heartily for this Addrefi. If any Thing rh!i^Ls^ 
" JL could add to the good Opinion this Houfe of Com- * 

** mons defervcs from me, it would be the Zeal and Unani^ 
'' mity you have fiiewn upon this Occaiion. You may de^ 
'' pend upon my continuing always^ as I have hitherto donev 
** to make Ufe of the Confidence and Powers you put in me» 
" only for reftoring and fecuring the Peace and Quiet of 
" my People. 

The Particulars of the Trials, Cbndemnation, 8x. of the 
impeached Lords before the Houfe of Peers, being related at 
large in the iixth Volume of STJTE TRIALS i and th« 
iniisrting of them here being alfo foreign to our Defign^ 
which is cfhly to mention fuch Proceedings as were the Sub- 
j«a of fome SPEECHES or DEBATES in the Houfe of 
CommMt, We think it proper to omit the fame. 

Fihruary 17. The King went to the Houfe of Peers^ and 
gave the Royal Aflent to fuch Bills as were ready. 

After which, the Lord Chancellor, by his Majefly's Com* 
man(t read the following Speech to both Houfes, 

My Lords and 6entlenien> 
" T Take this Opportunity of acquainting you, that ray ixt^ spe^ t^ 
« X Forces have oblig'd the Pretender to fly out of Scot- SiSffVp^^t 
" land ; and he is fince, as I am informed, landed near Gra- «f Scotland 
** velines, but I don't yet know, whether any Country in 
** Amity with us, will give him Protedion, after having 
** fo publickly invaded our Kingdom. 

" The Dangers to which the Nation was exposed, made 
" me determine, that neither the extraordinary Rigour of 
" the Seafon, nor any fallacious Propofal of the Rebels^ 
" ihould divert me from ufing all poffible Endeavours to- 
« wards putting a fpeedy and efiedual End to this unnatural 
•* Rebellion. 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons, 

" I muft return you my Thanks for the great Progrefi 
*^ you have made in the Supplies. The neceflary Difpofitions 
'* are made for raifing additional Forces : JSut as t fhall al* 
" ways confult the Eafc of my People, as far as it is con-^ H 

•* Ment with their own Security, & I fhall not make ufe of 
*' the Confidence you have plac'd in me, unlefs the reftlefs 
^ Malice of our Enemies ihould make it neceftary to go on 
^ with thofe Levies. 
; My Lords and Gentlemen, 

** I promife my felf, from the Zeal and Wifdom of this 

»* Parliament, that the future Happinefs and Tranquility of 

Vol. I. I 1! ^y 

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( 65 T 
J^*vGeo.i. u my guycftj, wiB J)C cftablifli'd 6n a'folid Fouiiclatioh 5 
'^— - ** and fuch Meafures taken, as may deprive our Enemies at 
•* Homcof the Power, fince that alone can deprive them of 
^* the Inclination, again to attempt the Diftorbance of my 
** Government. This, therefore, is what I think my felf 
** obliged to recommend to you, as a Deliberation of the 
5* utmoft Importance to the future Safety, Eafc, and Prolpe- 
?' rity of my People. 

February 20. The Houfe prefented the following Addreis 
to the King. 

Moft gracious Sovereign, 

* TT/E your Majefiy's moft dutiful and loyal Subje^, 
^ VV the Commons of Great Britain in Parliament af- 

* fejnbled, do, with Hearts full of Gratitude, return; your 

* Majefty our unfeigned Tha^iks for your nioft gracious 

* Speech from the Throne ; and do beg Leave moft hear* 

* tily to congratulate with your Majefty, upon the Succefs 
«■ with which it has pleafed Almighty God^ fo fer to blefs 

* your Arms, as to force the Preterfder out of your Ma- 

* jefty's Dominions. 
^ We are willing to hope, that, no Prince or State in 

« Amity with your Majefty, will give Refuge, Countenance, 

* or Prote£lion to a Perfon, who in fo notorious a StSnner, 

* has difturb'd the Peace of your Kingdoms 5 but the Sail- 

* gers to which your Majefty's facred* Perfon and Govcrh- 
« ment, the Religion, Laws, and Liberties of our Counby, 

* have been once expos'd by this vile Attempt, w6uld leave 

< your Commons without Excufe to thofe they reprefcnt, if 

* they fliould fee, with Patience, the Nation expos'd to thfe 

* like Hazard for the future, by the Pretender to your 

* Majefty's Crown being ftielter'd in your Neighbourhood : 

* We do therefore make it our humble Requeft to yoiir 

* Majefty, that you will ufe the moft eameft and preffing 

< Inlfances with all Princes and States in Amity with your 

* Majefty, that he may not be harbour'd in their Territo- 

* ries ; and we beg Leave to give your Majefty the ftrpng- 

< eft Affiirances that we will, to the utmoft of our Powier, 

* contribute whatever ftiall, by your Majefty, be jtidg'd nc- 
^ ceflary to render tHofe Inftances effedual. 

* The tender Regard which your Majefty cxprdBfes for 1 

* the Eafe of your People, in declining to cut the Nation 

* to any farther Expencc at prefent for a^itional iForces, 

* does, if poflible, heighten that Confidence which we fo 

* juftly had reposed in you: But we befeech yoi^r Majefty, 

* that in fettling the Proportion of Forces to be maintained 

* this Year by Sea and Land, your Majefty will have fuch 
; 9 Regard to ^% Difpofitioaand Preparations of our Neigh- 

i bourji 

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f 67 J 

' boars, from Time to Time, as to provide effedoally for ^*:5^** 

* the Security of your Kingdoms againll any Power that v,i^"*w*^^ 

* ihall prefume to countenance or abet the Pretender. Your 
' CommcHis cannot fuificiently exprefs the jufl Senfe thejr 

* have of your Majeily's confummate Wifdom and firm 
' Refoluticm not to be diverted or amus'd by any Difficult 

* ties of the Seaibn, or any fpecious ^Artifices, from pur- 

* fuing the Rebels in Scotland to their feveral Retreats, 
' fince that Method alone could reflore and fecure, with 

* Honour, Peace and Tranquility to that Part of year 
' Dominions. 

* 'Tis with the utmoft Concern we obferve, that the 

* Malice and Inveteracy of our Enemies at Home, is fo 

* great, that they want not the Inclination to difturb yovr 
' Majeify^'s Government ; but your faithful Conmions, in 

* Duty to your Majefly, and Love for their Country, will 

* endeavour to de]»ive them of the Power, by taking fuch 
' prudent and necefiary Meafures, as may moil effeSnally 

* iecure the future Safety, Eafe, and Profpcrity of your 

* people.' 

To which his Majefty was pleas'd to return the following 

" Anfwer. 


* T Thank you for this dutiful and afFe(5Uonate Addrefs. Kfag»,AnW; 
** 1 I will endeavour, by all proper Means, to prevent the 

" Pretender's being fuiFer'd to give perpetual Jedoufies, by 
** continuing in our Neighbourhood ; and wiU, if the Ad* 
** vices I Ihall receive from Abroad do render it necefiary, 
" not lofe any Time ,in making fuch ah Augmentation of 
'* F<Mxes ^ Sea and Land, as may, with the Blefling of 
" God, effedually anfwer your Wifties to fee the Nation 
** fecurM from any foreign or inteftine Attempt whatfoever,'* 

February 21. Several Petitions were delivered to the Houfe The CommtnU* 
^Commons in Behalf of the Earl of Derwentwater, Lord ISS^p^uSS^fn'm 
Widdrington, Earl of Nithifdale, Earl of Carnwath, Lord S^^^p^^'^^ 
Vifcount Kenmure, and Lord Nairn, after Sentence of ^-m** 
Death had been paft oh them ; neverthelefs, though many 
^embers were inclined to Mercy, yet, upon a Motion made 
hy thofc of the contrary Opinion, who were for having the 
£aw executed in its full Rigour, and therefore were deiiroua 
to be rid of any £uther Importunities on this Account, tho 
Queftion was put, that the Houfe fhould adjourn tp the firil 
of March, which was carry 'd in the Afiirmative, by a Ma- 
|ority of fcVen Voices only. 

March I. The Parliament met, according to their Ad* 
•onunpnt : The n^xt Day Mr Lechmexe waA% a Speech oa 
I a. Ao 

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( 68 ) 

^^ fc Ceo.L ilie Male-adminiftratiom of the Miniftry during the laft Y< 

^^Ji^^^ of the late Queen, particularly with Relation to the Hard- 
ships then put on the DiiTenters, who, he added, were finn 
Friends to the Proteftant Succeflion ; and the viAble Coanil 
vance and Favour ihewn to the Roman Catholicks, the opei 
and declared Enemies of it and of the Ilhifhious Houfe o 
' Hanover ; and concluded with a Motion for bringing in j. 
M^JSte^BiU BiU to ftrengthen-ibe FroteRant htereft in Great Britain^ h 
^rotSi'tot«r&. ^^fi^^^^S *^^ La<fU5 votv in being n^ainft Papifts. He was fej 
conded by the Lord Coningsby ; and no Member oppofin^ 
the Motion, the Bill Was ordered to be brought in accord- 
' ingly. 

Nothing farther occur'd in the Houfe of Commons, whkh' 

gave Ocomon to any Speeches or Debates *till the 19th of!l 

April, except their Proceedings at the Bar of the Houfe o!'^ 

Lords againft the Earl of Wintoun,one of thefeven impeach^ 

Lords, the Particulars of which are to be found at large " 

the STJTE TRIALS, Yol 6. 

'Pie Lord* bavin? April i<). The Lords having fent Mr Jufticfe Tracy and 

^une ^cTrier Mr Juftice Dormcr to acquaint the Commons, that they had 

luai A fend it to pafs^l a Bill intituled. An Aafir enlarging the Time ofConti^ 

theCommon»for ^ ^ n f •»# /^ » • r ^ r 

their Concurrence, nuance of Parliaments, appointed by an Aa made m the otb 
Debate hereon. 3^^^* rf^^^ William and ^ueen Mary, to which they defir'd 
|/or4CSuemiex, their Concurrence : The Lord Gucmfey immediately mov^d^ 
to rejed the Bill, without reading it : But becaufe.that would 
have been an unprecedented Method of Proceeding, the Houfe 
; t would hot agree to it, but read the Bill the firft Time, and 

the Queftion being put, that it be read a fecond Time, there 
arofe a Debate that lafted about two Hours. The moft re- 
markable Objeftion that was then urg'd againft the Bill, was, 
* That it was an Impofition of the Lords, to take upon them 
to dired the Commons in a Matter which concerned them 
only, as Guardians of the Rights and Liberties of the Peo- 
ple.' But to this it was anfwer'd, ' That even the Triennial 
Ad itfelf was begun in the Houfe of Lords, who, as Part of 
the Lcgiflature, are no lefs Guardians of the Liberties of the 
Subje6l than the Commons themfelves. At length it was 
carry'd by a Majority of 276 againft 1 5 6, that the Bill ihonld 
be read a fecond Time on the Tuefday following. 

April z^. Six Petitions, viz. Of the Boroughs and Towns 
of Marlborough, Midhurft, Haftings, Cambridge, Abingdon, 
and Nevvcaftle under Line, againft the Bill, being pretented 
to the Houfe and read, they were federally ordered to li« 
upon the Table. Then the Bill was read the fecond Time ; 
and a Motion being made, and the Queftion put. That it be 
^mmitted, there arofe a warm Debate, that lafted from 
»- t jii ^^^^ ^ ^^ Afternoon *till near Eleven at Night. Th« 
^' ^^^ Speaker for the Bill ww, Mr I^yddal, Mexpbcr for Left. 


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( 69 ) 

vBiAid; MrTrevanian, Knight of tlie Shire &r Cornwall ; Aiiaoi.OM.i. 

Mr MolineoXy {a) Member for Boffiney ; Sir John Brown- vJ^Nz-'s^ 

low, Bart, (h) Knight of the Shire for Lincoln ; Mr Hamp- i^x«?Mk«. 
^itM, (t) Member for Bucking hamftiire ; Mr Molefworth, {ij V'J^^SLi • 
: Member for St Michael ; Mr John Smith, {e) Memb^ for w Hampden. ^* 

bSdow ; Lord Stanhope, f/J Member for St Germains ; JJJjS^'SS!: 

Mr Young, fg) Membir for Honiton ; Mr Craiggs, (if) Jjfy^?^' 

Member ror Tregony ; Lord Coningsby, (i) Member for '^'^'*^«gv. 

Leominfter ; Mr Giles Erie, (/f) Member for Chippenham ; iScS'Sfc/ ' 
i Sir Ridiard Steele, (/) Member for Borongh-Bridge ; Mr sir Richard Steele 

Ncvile, Member for Berwick ; Sir Charles Turner, («r) sf^iS xiimcr. 

Member for LyUn ; Sir William Thompfon, (n) Member sirwa.Thompfi«. 

for Ipfwich ; Sir Jofeph Jekyll, (o) Member for Lymington ; sirjofisph jekyii. 

Gen. Stanhope, (p) Member for Cockcrmouth ; Mr Aiflabie, ^^^J^^"^ 

(^ Member for Ripon. The Speakers againft the Bill were, 

Mr Robert Heyfliam, (r) Member for London; Mr Snell, ^g^L^"**^ 

Member for Gloucefter ; Mr Shippen, Member for Newton ; Mr suppen. 

Lord Paget, (/) Member for Stafford(hii« ; Mr Wykes, Jjr^vyS: 

Member for Northampton ; Mr Hutchinfon, (/) Member MrHatchioibo. 

for Haftings ; Mr Jefferies, («) Member for Droitwich ; Mr jeficnes. 

Sir Thomas Crofs, Bart. Member for Weftminfter t Sir sir xbo. croft. 

William Whitlock and Mr William Bromley, Members for ^^^^^^^ 

the Univerfity of Oxford ; Mr Archer, Member for War- Mr Ard»er. 

wickfliire ; Lord Guemfey, Member'for Surrey ; Sir Thomas Jj^^j^^^. 

Hanmer, Member for Suffolk ; General Rofs, Member for c*. mois. 

the Shire of Rofs ; Sir Robert Raymond, (iv) Member 'for sir Rob. Raymond. 

Ludlow ; Mr Htmgerford, {x) Member for Scarborough ; Mr Hungcrfeid. 

Mr Ward, (y) Member for Thetford; Mr Walter Chet- M^wi^o^twy.!. 

wynd, (sj) Member for Stafford ; Mr Lechmerc^ {aa) Mem- Mr Lechmere. 

berfor Cockermouth. Mr 

(a> Secretary to the Prince f»f Wale*, (b) Created Lord Vifoeimt Tyr* 
connel »f Ireland, May 14, 1718. (c) Vide P. 19. (d) Gviwwfli»- 
ner rf Trade^ and iMutenant General of the OrdMnce^ created Lord Vif- 
Mtnt Mole(wort!i of Ireland, June lU 1716. (e) One if the Tellers tf 
tbeExd^qiier, He was Speaker of the FarUament chqfe in 1 707. (f ) Gen- 
tiemam of the Bed^amber to the Fri/tcey ma Earl of Cheflerfield. 
(g) Coanmjponer for fiatinz the Debts due to the Army^ afterwaard Secretary 
fir Scotland, made Kniffit rf the Bath, and Comnnjfoner of the Admt- 
r^, tfcw a ConnmJJmer of the Treafury, mew Secretarv at XVar, (h) Oj/- 
ferer to Ae Frince^ afterwards Secretary at War^ and then Frincipal Secre- 
tary if StaU. (i) Vide P. I9. Ck; Grom of the Bed-chamber to tha 
Frmcoy made one of the Clerks Comptrollers of bis Maj^'s HotfehoU fincn 
M CommflioHer of the Rtvemte in Ireland, and now Comndjjmer of the 
Tfe^Mry. (I) Si/^ffler of the Flayhoufe. and one of the CommiJJioners cf fyr^ 
fated filiates, (m) Comn^poner of the Treafiiryy afieraarde created 
Baronet^ and made a T^ler of the Exd^efter. (n) Recorder of London, 
^ieraards Ciafitar Baron^ and then a Baron tf the Exchequer, (o) Vide 
P. 10. '(p) Vide P. 14. (q; Vide P. 19. (r) JUerman of London. 
(8) Made Gentleman of ihe Bedchamber to the Frince. (t) Vide P. 48. 
(uM WeUh JaJke in the late Keign. (w) Vide P. 13. (x) Ot^fitor. 
f Vorkniire aid We(tm»elan^. (y) A Welfh Ju^ in the late Re^. 
\z) Created Lord n/cmit Qh^tv^pfi tf Ireland, June i, 17x7- (•^J 


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( 70 ) 

Mr Lydila^, who opeii'4 the Debate, iboke as foDows : 

MrSpfB^k^r, . ■ 

* You Jiave now under your Coniideration a Matter of as 
^Stl^^^** great Weight and Imj)ortancc, as, I believe, ever came be- 
Yore any Parliament ; for where the Rights and Liberties of 
t^ Subjeft appear to be concerned, then certainly it is fit to 
proceed Wi^ the utpioft Caution and Regard. The Trien- 
nial A£t was, no doubt, originally intended as a Carrier and 
Defence of thpfe JRights and Liberties, againft any oj3)reffive 
ox aijbitrary Invai^ons of the Crown; And tho' we are lb 
happy as to have a good Prince now upon the Throne, who is 
likely to be fucceeded by one equally fo, yet fuch great Blef- 
§ngs were ^ever entail'd m)on a People. No Body can -be 
^ore fqt Supporting the juit Prerogative, than I am, beauiie 
I always takp it to be a Power of doing Goodi : And therefofe, 
if upon the ftridleft ^Examination I (^ould find, that what is at 
prefent propos'd, would throw the jBallance of Power too 
much on the S^d^ of the Crown, I fhould then think it not 
only hurtful apd dangerous to ti^ Publick, but hXsX and de- 
ftruftivc to the Con^itution. In order to enter farther into 
this S)ibj^, it is prop^sr to look back from whence a Bill of 
thisfciBd^^.took its Rife: In the Year 1640 a Bill for Tii- 
. ennial Parlia^i^nts, or that which was xtry like it, was pafs^d 5 
but wi)th a Claufe in it, of a hard and compulfory Naturey 
,4crogajto;y to the Crown, and, indeed, unreaiqnable in itfelf^ 
with many other difagreeable Circumfknces." It is well 
known what was the Cpnfequence of thofe unluippy Differ- 
ences, between the King and his People. After the Refto- 
ration, in the 16th of King Charles II. this Aft, which im- 
mediately preceded a long and bloody Civil War, vjas re- 
peal'd by another Aft, the Preamble of which is very reniark* 
able : And thus Things remain'd 'till fome Time after the 
Revolution,' when King William was prevail'd upon. to pafs 
this nojv, I hope, dying Law. I am fure nothing could pre- 
vail with me either to enlarge or alter this Aft, were I not 
, convincM by comparing the Arguments on both Sides, that 

the not doing of it is liable to more Inconvenience and Dan-* 
ger. 15^ you do it, you eiFeftually ftrehgthen the Hands of 
the King ; fettle and maintain the Proteflant Suapefiib^, by 
defiroying the vain Hopes of all its Enemies, both at Home 
and Abroad. You encourage your Allies to join \dth you, 
nay, and to depend that what fhall hereafter be ftipulated and 
agreed upon, will be punftually perform'd* . This E;xpen- 
ment may, perhaps, at firft^ifquiet tlie Minds of the People ; 
cfpecially when they are exafperated by all tl^ Endeavours of 
Men averfe ^d difafiefted to the Government. However, a 
little Time will fhew, that it will entirely break our Parties 
^ StM PivifioAS> ^i by (hat Me^ns lay a firm and folid Foun- 


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dadaafi^rthefntareTnmqailityatflHapi&iefiofdiu '^t^^^^ 

dam. Befits, if this Ppportmiity bt loft, you may pbffibqr 

never have another, at le^ fo good a on^ not only to con- 

qoer, but even to eradicate that Spirit of Jacobitifm, ii(rhich 

has long dwdt among us, and hs^s more than once broi^t this 

Nati<m to ^e very Brink of Ruin and Deflroaion. Since 

therefore, with much jbanger and Difficulty, ive have at laft 

fecbr^d our Religion, Laws, and liberties, when ail was at 

Siaike^ ftarxx the Treachery c^the late Miniftry, die unsccotti^i- 

able Proceedings of the laft Triennial Parliament, why ihould 

yo^ run ^e Riflt of having k h^one fo iboil, firft chofeii by 

Fr^ic& lif dney, and then voting by Froxch Dirtdibn» f Since 

tife King axid his Parliani^nt exert their united Polwer for the 

Godd of the Pubiick, and to retrieve the Honour of theNad- 

on, #by ^ould they not continue longer together, that the^ 

may finifli what th^ hive fo unammouily and {o hi^ily 

Up6A the whole. Sir, the Eledors and Peo^e of ^ the;. 
B(m>ughs in England having been, fot feveral Years paft, both 
lH%'d ahd pre^'d into the Pretender's Intereft^ ai^ a Dif- 
^ of the Proteftant Succeffion, it becomes rather Neceffity 
l&an ChOfee to ^pply an extraordinary Remedy to an extra* 
oidiiiary Difeafe : Therefore I fhall give you no farther 
Tr6^6, but make you a very ihort Motion, which is, ^hat 
this BW U cmm^tid. 

Mr. Shippen ^ke againft the Bill as follows : 
Mh Speaker, 

* 1 know my Duty to this Houfe, and die Confequence of m- swppeii'* 
ai^ itejguarded Esqpreffions better than to fay^thatby any s^<^»» ««»«* *• 
Bilb we have already pafs'd, we have made fo wide a ^sqp in 
the Cbnllitudoii, ^at the Force of the Law is in a Manner de- 
Iboy'd ; dr that, by any Thing we have done, we have pav'd 
dife Witf ta a defpotick and military Government, the greatelt 
CSd^iAify that can be^ a freebom People. Such Refieaions 
mayc6ine from Pcrfoijs without Doors, wh<j, tho' they tnay 
iHth Jufticc CK^plaift when their Liberties are invaded, yet 
tannot always enter into the Depth and Wifdom of bur Coun* 
feb,. and are itoo apt to ccnfurfe what they do not underftand. 
No li^itiber can regularly atraign ahy Bills the fan;^ Seffion 
Aey have obltain'd the Force and Sandion of Laws. But tlis 
ffin, ^* it hath already got through the moft difficult Part 
'ent8Pkiteie,and thb'itwill in all Probability be the next Law 
ASat (iiidl fe made, is yet unpafs'd, is yet before tis for our 
Omfideiiltion, and We have a Right to treat it with Freedom : 
Freedom 6f ^ech, Iprefeme, will not'Otily be alldw'd, but 
M €fx]^cdcd on tkis Occafhrti. I hope therefore, as the Bufmeft 
of diis D^y fiadi i^s'd an univerfal Expeftarion throughout 
tSt Sji^l^i t^ (i^tmt^Cn wh6 are more abki (none is more 

~ willing 

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wiBing dian my fidif) ivill appear with Re(alutk>n and Spirit 
in this important Debate ; in this, perhaps, our lail Struggle 
Ibrthe Liberties of thofe we reprefent. ^ 

* I think, then, all the Arguments which have been U3'< 
forthjis Billi arc grounded on mere Surmife? ?and Imagina- 
tions only, I are cithcf" triijing in themfelves, or d^gerous in 
their Confequcnce. , r , 

* One main Reafon urg'd, both in the Preamble of the 
Bill, and in the Debates of the Gentlemen who arc for it, 
is this: 

* That the DifafFcAions of the People are fo great, and 
the Enemies of the Government both at Home and Abroad 
fo watchful, that new Elcftions will occafion new Riots, re- 
Jdndkthe Rebellion, and be deftrudive to the Peace, and 
Security of the Government, which will all be prevented 
by continuing this good ParlWicnt, an4 making the Time 
of its DiiTolutidn uncertain. 

' * If this Argument be apply'd to the Miniftry> I can only 
anfwer, ^at it is no Concern of ours, whether they have 
rendered themfelves odious to the People, or not. They 
are more properly the Objed of our Jealoufy, than of our 
Care. They may be deftroy'd, and the Government fub- 
fift. But if it be apply'd to his Majefly, as it muft be to 
inake it any Inducement to pais this Bill» I will venture to 
fay, that none of thofe, who are call'd Enemies to thc*Go- 
vemment, and Abettors of the Rebellion, could have ofFer'd 
an Argument fo injurious to his Majc%'s Honour. For 
with what Face can any good Subjed infinuate, that in the 
Infancy of l^is Reign he hath deprived himfelf of the Love 
and A^edion of a People, who fo lately received him with 
the utmoft Expreffions of Joy ? What an unjuft Idea muft 
this give of his moft mild and gracious Government ? But 
the Aflfertion is the more injurious, becaufe it is entirely 
groundlefs. For when thefe pretended DifafFeffions were. 
at the higheft, it appeared how impotent they were, how 
£ur from being univerfal, by the eafy and fudden Sup^ 
preffion of the Rebellion ; and by Confequence how abk>« 
lutely his Majefty reign'd in the Hearts of his Subje&. 
Now the Rebellion is fupprefs'd, if there fliould be any 
Remains of thofe who are ill difpos'd, the Fate of their 
Friends, whilft the Terror of it is freih in their Minds^ 
will reftrain them from any future Attempt. Befides, the 
Hands of the Government are ftrengthen'd. The Habeas- 
Corpus ABi is not only now, but may be again fuipended : 
You have a numerous ftanding Army difbibuted thro' the 
Kingdom^ to controul and awe unruly Spirits. But fup- 

«>& the DifafFcdions of the People to be as great, fuppofe 
e Fd^(^> fpokc pf in the P£f^t>l^^ V> be §1 |:«i^efs and 
'^ T^ " ^ ' defigning 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

t 73 ) 
^^jMhgi ift 15 aftrA'd I h Mb At "Wzy to tX^ApUh Ata^ 
ma/^es, to keal Dii^osB, and to reeoneie Pamei? No, 
Sir, it will ratlier create Dife<Hiteiits^ where dieie «r6 itoM 
Aeadf : It wSU father give Ocdfion to thofe that ai^ dtf- 
afeOed, to rail at tout Proceedings i to fay, that your ^aioM 
arr Ibek that yoo isae not venture on new Eledions ; and 
n^ knows what foch Suggeftkms may produce ? 'Tis poT- 
Ale whm ^ three Yeats, fot Whkh you are now chofenj 
kdt e^ipire, they may kABt^ that they are unreprefented in 
FsrMaAiefiC > and diis mH be a better Handle, a more plau^ 
Me Foundation, for the Faftion to work upon, than the^ 
e6iiid have at die Time of a regular Ekaion. Now, if the 
Continuance of this Parliament be intended only to calm 
lien's Afinds^ and duit it is hop*d this Storm may by Degrees^ 
febfide,Gendanen will he pleas'd to confider, that we are but 
a littie above a Year old, though we have done fo many' 
great Ad glorious Things, and that there wiU be no NeceA , 
Ity, as die Law ftattds, of aDi^ludon this Year and half i 
add tluit no Body c^ imagine Difcontents will laft fo long 
imdef fo wife, fo unerring, fo padfick an Adminlftration, a^ 
we now enjoy. 

' Another Reafoii infifted on, is. That as the Cdntinuaned 
of diis Parliament may prevent Commotions at Home, fb it 
may hinder any Invafion from Abrbad^ by encoura^ng our 
aiident Allies to enter into new Treaties with us^ n^ich they* 
Wffl not otherwife do. 

* This is a Secret which. In niy humble Dpinioni ovtpd 
faot to hstve been revealed ; thi^ is an Argument highly im- 
pfopcr to be urg'd in a Britirii Parliament : For it fiippofes,' 
^at our Allies prefcribe to our Counfds, and tMbt they ex^ 
ped we fiibuld alter the prefent Frame of our Conftitution^ 
Ofcfere Aey will favour us with their Friendfliips ; Which is a 
Thought not to be endured- in this Place, v^re fo many 
Millioas halte been raifed lor their Service, and muft move 
the Indignation of every Engliflknan, efpecially if it comes 
fiom any State that firft receiv'd its Being, and afterward* 
its Protcftionj from England. I hope never to Ike this Na- 
tten brought fo* low, that the Crown (hall be diredcd, as 
Wis once attempted, when to remove or keep its M!tiifh?rd, 
when to diffolve of continue its Parlianients. Sir, his Mnje* 
% as King of Great Britain, is the Arbiter of Europte, sM 
iffiiy diAate to odiar Nations. They will, for their o\vn 
Sakes, court his Friendlhip i they have always fonitd their 
Account in being Allies to the Grown he Wears. The Fri- 
tifli TreafurCj and the Britifh Antfies, have made them tri- 
Qfiiph over their Eneihies, and eftabliih the Balance they* 
Wanteds *Ti8 farther faid, fhat by this Bill you will reflord 
^ Prerogative to part of its- Power, which is cnimp'd by 

y «ki I. ifc • m 

, Digitized by C^OOQIC 

( 74 ) 
die Triennial Aft. Now, if this ^ill is to be undcrftood to 
I relate to Alliances, it weakens and not flrengthens the Pre- 
rogative. For it is an Infmuation, that the People have 
fomething to do in making Treaties, which muii ever be 
deny'd by the Friends of the Crown, where the fole undif- 
puted Right is lodged by the Conftitution of this Kingdom. 
Befides, if that was any Confideration here, this Argument 
is alfo a Reflexion on the prefent Miniftry, who are to have 
the Honour to advife his Majefty in any Alliances he (hail 
think fit to make : For it hath an Appearance, as if they 
durft not look a new Parliament in the Face ; or, as if -by 
fome Demerit or other, they fhould not continue in their 
Pofts, without the Help of this Bill, long enough to aflifl 
in fupporting thofe Alliances when made. *Tis true, we 
have had of late a Sort of Triennial Minifters, as well as 
Parliaments. ^ But we are to hope, that the prefent Set of 
Minifters, who fo far furpafs all their Predeceffors in Wif- 
• dom and Virtue, will behave fo well, as to deferve the Con- 
tinuance of his Majefty's Favour, and the Kingdom's Appro- 
bation. Their Friends ought therefore rather to rejeft, than 
to inforce this Argument, as refledling on them, and ground- 
Ic^ in it felf. 

* There is another Reafon, drawn from the great and con- 
tinued Expences occafipn'd by frequent Eledions, which is 
fo weak, that it fcarce deferves to be taken Notice of. For 
every Gentleman is a Judge of his own Circumftances, whe- 
ther he wjll or can be at the necefiary Expences pf an Elec- 
tion : Corrupt ones are not to be fuppos'd, efpecially in this 
Houfe, which, all the World knows, was cHofen without 
the l?aft Corruption, without the leaft Violence, without the 
leaft improper Influence whatfoever. 

* As to what is faid. That frequent Parliaments are the 
Caufe of obftrudling Juftice, and hinder Candidates from be- 
ing impartial in the Diftribution of it ; 'tis equally trifling 
with the Reafon laft mentioned ; and, if any, is an Argu- 
ment only for making Parliaments perpetual. For he who 
will be a great deal byafs'd by his Hopes of fecuring his Seat 
in a Triennial Parliament, will, by the fame Principle, be 
a little i^rp'd by his Expe&ation of fitting in a Septennial 
one ; and he ought in neither Cafe to be a Member of this 
Houfe ; For nothing can efFedually cure fuch a Difpofltion ; 
it will never be able t6 refift greater Temptations, and Court- 

* Thefe are the chief Arguments for paffing this Bill ; and 
I humbly conceive they now appear to be of no great Weight : 
But the Reafons for letting the Law ftand as it does, are fuch 
as, in xny Opinion, cannot receive an Anfwcr. 

. 'Eir% 

y Google 

. ( 75 ) 

* Firft, It there were not abundance of other Argaments 
againft this Bill, the Manner of its coming hither, is a fuffi- 
cicnt Objcftion to it. 'Tis fent from the Lords, and as it 
chiefly relates to our felves, I fhall apprehend it inconfiflent 
with our Honour to receive it. We ought to imitate the 
Spirit which our Predeceflbrs ever ihew'd in refilling -nil At- 
tempts of this Kind, ^11 Appearances of Innovation by the 
I^rds. Our Predeceflbrs were fo very jealous of their Privi- 
leges, that they never faiPd to exert themfelves, even on the 
(mhtA, and moft minute Occafions. Shall we then ! (ball 
this glorious Houfe of Cotnmons be fo far from doing that, 
as humbly to take a new Model of our ConHitution from 
them ? Surely we ihall not fit tame, and acquiefce meanly, 
when they think fit to ilrike at the Foundations of this 

* But if any here could be inclinable to receive the Dic- 
tates of the Lords, or, to fpeak out, the Didate? of the Mi- 
ni&y, I humbly apprehend it is not in our Power to confent 
to this Bill. • For I Cannot conceive, by any Rule of Reaibn 
or Law, ' that we, who are only Representatives, can enlarge 
to cor own Advantage the Authority delegated to us ; or 
that, by Virtue of that Authority, we can deftroy the Fun- 
damental Rights of our Conftituents. I know indeed, that 
thiif Notion of the radical Power of the People hath been ex- 
tended to a Degree of Extravagance and Abfurdity, which 
I would never be fupposM to contend for. But it is felf- 
evident, that this Power with Relation to the Part we bear 
in the Legiflature, is abfolutely, is folely in the Eleftors. 
Yoa have no Legiflative Capacity, but what you derive from 
them. You were chofen under the Triennial A61, and could 
Qnl)c be chofen for three Years, unlefs they could convey 
njore to others, than they had In . themfelves ; unlefs they 
codd give us a longer Term to reprefent them, than they^ 
could claiok at the Time of their Choice to be reprefented. 
Oar Truft therefore is a Triennial Truft ; and if we endea- 
^OQi to continue it beyond its legal Duration, from that In^ 
ftant we ceafe to be the Truftees of the People, and are our 
ownEleftors ; from that Inftant we ad by anaflTum'd Power, 
^ ered a new Conflitution. If we could diflblve or alter 
the Form of any one Part of the Legiflature, why not of the 
whole ? And that is aDodtrinelprefume will not be advanced 
^ere 5 I am fure it will never be allow'd in any other Place. 
Bat I know it is a ^very unacceptable Way of Speaking, to 
^fpute the Power of thofe to whom one fpeaks ; and it may 
be thought a Prefumption if I (hould affirm in this prefent 
Parliament, which hath given fo many Proofs of its Omni- 
potence, that even the whole Legiflature cannot do every 
^Wng. I mull however always be of Opinion, that tha^ 

Kz it 

y Google 

( 76 ) 

im^f-^h je u n KficiyM M^nflA "^ <^vil Science, thit tiiie fapceam lie^ 

^^il^jt^^giflata];^ caiuiot be bpand ; yet an impIvM Esoception muft 

^ 5c nn^erftood, viz. that it is reftrain'd from fabverting tlui 

^oundadoos on which it |Umds ; and that it ought not, on 

tmy Pre^nce whatfoever^ to touch or alter tho£e Laws, Which 

are fe far fl^y^fW into the Conftitution, as to l^pcome eSk&^ 

|ial Parts of it. I am alfo of Opinion, that we cannot pafs 

els Bill, beoLufe it would be an Infradion of the Ad of 
oion, whirfi I hear almoft every Day in this Place call'd a^ 
iri^pealableand Fundamental Law. But iince the R^refen-r 

Etives of North Britain are iatisfy'd in that Point, it woiil4 
^ hi^y impertinent in me to infill upon it. 
* Sit if nothing ftood in your Way, if it was never' fb 
much in your Power, I think you ought not to repeal die 
^ t. _ Triennial Aft, except in the laft Extremity, and in the moft 
imminent Danger of the State. This Law was one of the 
Fruits of the Revolution : This Law relbr'd the Freedom 
fmd Frequency of Parliaments, fo far as was confiftent witl| 
the Circumftanccs of that Reign, which was involvM in a 
War, and had pccaiion for coftibnt and heavy Taxes ; 
This Law was a Conce$on made to the People by King 
William, in the midfl of his Difficulties ; and I own the 
Policy of thofe Miniilers, who ihall advife his Majefty to 

five his Royal Aflent to the repealing of it, is of too re- 
a'd and delicate a Nature for my Underftandin^. For 
. fnce his Majelby has been pleased to propofe that Prince as 
9- Pattern to himfelf, and is purfuing his Steps with fo much 
Glory, it will be a Matter of Aftonifhment to thofe who 
are not in the Secret of Affairs, to fee, that in the Reign of 
^he one King pery Thing fhould be done to enlarge the 
Liberties of the People, and to refb^in his Succefibrs from 
^ing capable of relap^g into the Errors and Abufesof 
former Princes ; and that in the Reign of the other, there 
(hould be the lead Appearance of doing any Thing which 
might but feem to ftretch th'e Prerogative, to invade, and 
Ihock the Rights and Privileges of the Subjed, when both 
ihall be found to rule by th^ fame Principles of Liberty, 
and by the fame Maxims of Government. 

\* The Triennial Ad is grounded on the ancient V&ge 
and Conflitutipn of Pariiaments ; as it is intended to ob- 
lige the Crown to call them frequently. For, that Par- 
liaments were held frequently, half yearly, or annually at 
leaft, appears not only from the beil Accounts we have 
of the £rft Inflitution of them, and by the two Ada of £4^ 
^rdlll, but by the Writs of Summons ftill extant^ «id 
.by feveral apthentick Inftruin^ts ^d Records. However 
^tisfa^lory it might be on any other Occafion, I am ienfible 
^t a p^d^fiio^ of the ^ifiory tff anient ^arliai^ctents, as^ 

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( 77 ) 
timf w&^fmec€&vtty call'd, would be wtry tedious and 
BBeBteTtainuig in this Debate ; and I will therefore onlr 
mention tavo Records. One is that £unoiis laftniment of £d- 
wazd I, conoer/iing the Jmnuus Cenftu^ tlien daim'd by die 
Pqpea^oan the Crown of England ; wherein he takes No- 
tice, that £bme Arrears^ incurr'd on that Head, had not 
beca xais'd, as (bejr ought to have been i> FurUamenU^ fni 
circa OSamas RifumBimii Domimic^ itkbr^ri in Attglim 
eaafiu^it : But he promifes that he would recommend die 
Fa/ment of the Money due, in ali§ P4triiam€nt§ mtfir^^ qn$d 
ad Jmem SanSi MicbaeUs proximi fiuuri tntendimus, iantt 
DMtinn^ ctkbrau. The other ReQord is a Rqurefaitadon 
frosi the Parliament to Richard II, fome Pftflages of whidi 
aze the{e-«-^^ ix mntifw Ztaimt9 biAeni, Uf Cmtjketudint 
lamdatili & ^ipfrcimta^ eujui tonirarietati dici nw vMnt. 
That the King is to call £kmin$t ^ Pr^eens Re^ atqm 
Cotmmumej femfl in Anm ad ParUmmtntum fuum, tanpiam ad 
/i^mmam Cttriam totius Rigni. That if the King««-Ni Farlia-» 
imemt9 fuo fe aJitnmverit fua fi^nU^ nan aiiqua infirmitati aui 
aU^ta alia di caufa nectffltatiSf fid fer immodiratam <oohmia* 
Um fr9ttrv€jt fiJbtraxirii fir ^fcntiam timporii ^uadraginta 
DieroM, tanqumm di vixatione PifuU Jut (2f gravthns ixpinfii 
§§rmm nrnt cnrans^ tx tunc licitum •mmbns i:f fitguRs iomm 
tdijqmi D^migini^ Rfgis ridin adfnprim^ ^ mnicuiqui lontm in 
Pairiam from nmtari, 

♦ Frcun the fcNrmer of thcfc Records, *tt5 obvious to ob- 
serve, that pdward the I, who was (me of our beft Princes^ 
^iA io great a Preferver of the Laws of his Kingdom, that 
he is juftly call'd by the Hiitorian^ the £ngli£ Jaftinian^ 
diofe, rather dian to prolong the Sitting of his Parliament 
beyond tHeir ufual Time, to diflblve one, tho* it had not 
finifli'd its necei&ry Bufmefs, and to fummon another with* 
in the Space of a few Monlhs. . 

* From the other ''Vi% very remarkable, that Ridiard IT, 
who is iaid to be <me of the worft Kings that ever fat on the 
Throne of England, by abiendng himfelf from the Bufineft 
of Parliaments, and by that Means continuing their Seffiona 
beyond their proper and accuftom^d Time, drew upon him-? 
iM a fharp Remonflrance from both Houfes, and was at laft, 
for fuch Pradices, among(L other Things, deposed. 

' Many Reigns after this, Henry VIII. aca>mpli(h^d what 
Richard II. only attempted, and he ccmtinu'd his laft Parlia- , 
fuent ad libitum without Reproof. But 'ds well known what 
ciDorbitantpcMvers they vefted him with ; and God forbid we 
ihpuld have anv RefemUance of thofe Times ; for that Par-^ 
}iament aded like Slaves, and that King afted like a Tyrant. 

' But if the Triennial Law had not been grounded on the 
1^^995 ^f d^tiouitvi vk} (^ ori^M Uia^e qf Parliiuiients^ 

Digitized by 


( 78 ) •, 

it was more than a reafonablc Indulgence from tjie Throl 
to the People, who had ilruggled for a Revolution, on Ai 
count of the Abufes of Parliaments, and the «Endeavoars 
render them infignificant. 'Tis true, that Prince once di 
ny*d his Royal Affent to it : But afterwards he confider'i 
that it could be no Diminution of hi? Prerogative, no Blc 
mifh to his Regal Power, to retrieve the Honour and Dij 
nity of Parliaments, as they were his Support, as they wen 
the efiential Part of that Conilitution he came to fave ; an^ 
this he found he could only do by the frequent Calling ol 

* Befides, this Law was net only a reafonable Indulgence 
to the People, as hath been faid, in that it gave them fre« 
quent Opportunities of changing their Members, when they 
did not approve their Behaviour, and was of Advantage to 
the Publick, in making them ad with more than ordinary 
Caution and Circumfpedion ; but it prov'd of great Service to 
the Crown : For by frequent Parliaments the Crown could 
only know the immediate Senfe of the Nation, which is ab- 
folutely necelTary for a Prince to know on ill Emergencies. 
However inconvenient this Law may now be thought to the 
Crown, and however oppoilte to fome Projeds and Schemes 
an adive Miniftry may have in View, I appeal to experienced 
Members whether they think, or can imagine, that the 
Crown could have got half the Money it hath been fupply'd 
with iince the Revolution, but by new and frefh Eledions. 
Such grievous and perpetual Taxes would never have been 
endur*d from a Hale and continued Parliament. There is no 
Injury or Diihonour therefore to the Crown, to be pblig'd, 
by a Law, to do what, in Juflice to. the Subjed, and Con- 
venience to itfelf, it ought to do without a law. 

* But if you had a Power to repeal this Law, and exercife 
that Power, the People would be in a much Worfe Condition^ 
than if it had never been granted to them. They would be 
be bound up for ever in a Legiflative Way, the only Way 
^fFedually and irrecoverably to lofe their Liberties. They 
would by us, their Reprefentatives, condemn fhort and fre- 
quent Parliaments, and cftabliih long and penfion'd ones, 
which is a new Dodrine, and fuch as was nev6r before ad-, 
varjc'd by the Commons of Great Britain. 

* Surely there muft be fome fecret Caufe, fome latent Rea- 
fon for hurryii^g on this Bill in fo precipiute a Manner. The 
.true Reafon, I believe, is not declared ; and for my Part, I 
cannoL but fufped, that the Miniilry have fomethin^ to do 
which they apprehend will not be acceptable to a new Parlia- 
ment, and which will not ftand the Teft of the Nation. I 
iay, it mult be fomething they have to do ; for I am confi- 
dent they do not fclf condemn tlierafclves, for what they, 


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( 79 ) 
have alrca^ done.' They have no Remorfe of G)n(cience 
for apprehending fo many hundred Gentlemen, and confining 
them in Prifon \o miany Months without Examination. For , 

fuch Confinements were not only neceflary to iupprefs the Re- 
bellion, but we have been told were intended as a Favour and 
Kiudncis to the Perfons who were fo confined. It mufl there- 
fore be fome new Work they have upon their Hands ; wh^t 
that Work is, I will not prefume to guefs. But I will pre- 
fnme to fay, what it cannot be. It cannot be a Defign to' 
abolifhdie Limitations of the Ad of Settlement, with Rela- 
tion to Foreigners ; becaufe that is no lefs than an open Vi- 
olation of our new Magna Charta, and an entire Infradion 
of our original Con trad, as the Government now ftands. 

* I fear I have quite wearied your Patience, but the Im- 
portance of the Subjed will in fome JWfeafureexcufe me, and 
I have but a very few Words now to add. I hope you will 
rejed and not commit this Bill. For there is nothing more 
certain, than that it will be to your Difhonour and Differ- 
vice ;tQ pafs it, if we may reaibn of what will be, by what 
W been. Long Parliaments then will nat)irally grow either 
formidable or contemptible. 

* We have an Inflance of the one, in the long Parlia- 
ment of King Charles Firft, which to its eternal Infamy 
wertnraM the bed Conftitution in tlie World, the Church 
Md Monarchy of this Nation. 

* We have a Proof of the other in the long Parliament of 
King Charles the Second. I aflc Pardon if I am heard by 
^y that were Members of it, but I only repeat what others 
iave laid. There was a famous Simile apply'd by (yulian) 
Johnfon to that Parliament, which I the rather mention, be- ' 
caoieit was much applauded by the Patrons of Liberty, and 
^'Ows of Parliaments; and becaufe I know the Author ig 
tftcemM above his Deferts by fome Gentlemen, who are now 
debating for long Parliaments ; 'tis this, ' That a (landing. 

' Parliament will always ftagnate, and be like a Country-^ 
* Pond, which is over-grown with Ducks-Meat, • 

' I make no Application ; no Man will, or can, with any 
Colour of Truth or Reafon, apply it to this Parliament. 
/^« Parliament is fo fer from being a ftagnating Pool, that 
tt might rather be compared to a rapid Stream, or an irrefifli- 
^ Tontnt, which, if continued, will bear down all before it. 

To diif Speech of Mr. Shippcn's, Mr, Hampden replied 
«$ follows. 
^ Mr. Speaker, 

* The Houfe is now cnter'd on the Exercife of a Power, Mf ^}^^^^>vl 
*wch, of Right, and agreeable to the Conftitution, belongs 'p^^*^*« "^ 
^Acpi : I jn«ft^ that Branch of Power which they, as a Part 

■''''•"' . ^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( to ) 

^^i^ie!**'*' «f die LegHIatiiw, fcKfCr of rqpcaliiig Laws, or extfending W 
^timkiQg £em, in fuch Manner as i&H af^)e^ to them moft 
condudng to tlie Service of their Coiraay. As this Right of 
altering the Laws does undoubtedly bdong to the Legifk- 
ture, it ought to be us'd with the ocmoft Regard : fince 'tis 
equally a Crime to enervate Laws that are foufid to be aSup 
port to our Governnnmt^ as to omit the aboHihingor fuQ>eiid« 
ing fuch as have not anAver'd their End when made, ott 
which is worfe, as have prov'd detrimental. 

' It is a commendable Zeal^ when Gentlemen in: tJlear De^ 
bates ^xprefs a Toidemefs for the odlBng Conftitution of 
their Country, and their Apprehenfions of the leaft Innovati- 
on in the Frame of the Government ; and I am not furpiz*d 
that it is ofajededy in fo popular a Manner, that the Faffing 
of ^8 Bill for fufpending the Law for the Ele&ion of Trien- 
nial Parliament, is to Tap the Fo^dation of oinr En^iih 

* But if, upon an impartial Enquiry/ it fhatt appear, that 
Ak Bill, which was made for the Bendit of the Nation, has^ 
in no ReQ)e6l, anfwer'd the Purpofes for which it was caku* 
lated when made into a Law, I prefume it may be allow'd, 
that the Danger in fiifjpending it is more imaginary dian real. 

' And iince it is as unjuflifiable to be tenacious of a Mzt- 
ter that has no Argument to fupport it, as nor to give Way to 
what Experience 1ms demonib-ated, if this Bill flioukl, in its 
Coniequences, be void of Proof of its anfweriiig the Ends for 
which it was made, I hope it will iiot be {a great a Crime to 
fuipend it, as it has, with InduHry, been re{^efented withoat 

* A principal Argument for continuing the Triennial BiU 
is, that it is agreeable to the ancient I^ws of this Nati(m# 
that there fhould be frequent Parliaments. I find by die 
Laws I have look'd over that Parliaments ought to to fre- 
quently held ; but ; find it no whene laid down as a Funda- 
mental Pofitionof theNatttreofthisConflitution, tha^ there 
ihould be frequent Eleftions. If Gendemen will look to the 
Beginning of Parliaments, th^ will tnd, in the 4th^ 5 th, and 
36th of Edward III, that, * For Redrefsof divert Mifdiiefs 

* and Grievances which daily haj^n, a Parliament (hall be 

* holden every Year or oftener^ if need be.' Let it then be 
coniider'd in what Manner thoie Parliaments were hdd : \ 
When a King met his Parliament, they us'd to fit ten or 
twenty Days, and then were proroguVi or diffohrM ; and 
there were frequent Intermifiions of Parliaments, none being 
call'd for feveral Year^. By looking over the Journals, we 
find the Prorogations and Di^olutions of Parliaments. 

* To come down to the Time of Henry VIIL few of 
Us Psrliamenti fill more than tw^ntv Days, ^«^ liie^ 


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was not A Parliament met twtxy Year; and fioni tlie ytH inaoft. 0^0.1. 
to tlic a5th of Henry VIU, there are no Joumab, and. »^^X^ 
coaUcquently, we cannot tell in what Manner Parliaments ^"^^ 
were held. Afterwards there were feveral Parliaments, but 
not every Year, to the End of his Reign. 

* A Parliament w^ calPd the irft Year of Edward VI^ 
fad in £ve Years fat but four Months. In Piiilip and M^ 
there were £>ur Parliaments, but the Seflions extremely ihort. 
From the 2d to the 5th^ ai^ from the 7th to the 13th of 
Queen Elizabeth, no Parliament met, and from the 14th 
to the 25th of Queen Elizabeth, the Parliament fat only 
fixua the 8th of May to the 30th of June ; and four Years 
after, from the 8th of February to the 8th of March fo^ 
lowing ; and in eight Years after, never fat to do Buiinefs 
bat were then dii&lv'd. There were fix other Parliaments 
called in Queen Elizabeth's Time ; but never fat long, un« 
hd that in the 39th of her Reign, which fat four Months. 

' The Parliament in thefirllof JamesI, fat about fouf 
Months, and in three Years after, fat about eight Days. That 
Parliament was not diffolv^d ^tUl the 9th of James,, but fat 
twice or tbtkc onlv. There were three other Parliaments 
in his Reign, but they met very feldom. 

' The Seffions in K. Charles I, were much fhbrter than of 
late Bays, with very frequent Prorogations ; and in the i6th 
ef his Reign an A&, wfts pafs'd> F^ preventing tncouveniencit 
h lf»g IntermiffiM ofFarUamenU ; by which it was provided^ 
mat a Parliamoit fhould meet every three Years ; which 
Law we £nd repealed in the i6th of Charles II, by reafon 
that the Provi£ons in the former Law were look'd upon as 
a Derogation to his M^eify*s juft and undoubted Preroga-^ < 
tive for calling and af&mbling Parliaments^ and might be 
an Occafion of manifold Mifchiefs, and might endanger the 
Pea^ of his People. The faid Ad is repealed, and a Pro* 
vifioD made therein, that ^ Becaufc, by the ancient Laws of 
' this Realm, in the Reign of Edward III, Parliaments are to 

* be held very often ; the Sitting and Holding of Parliaments 

* ihall not be intermitted above three Years.* In this King's 
Reign the long Parliament was held ; and whatever Cor* 
ruptioas they were tainted with, they could never be ac^ 
cosM. of fevouring the Caufe of France, or attempting to 
enilave their own Country. 

* In the Reign ofK. James II, that unfortunate Prince, a 
Piarliament was held in May 168$, and fat above two Months, 
apdwas, at fewwal Times> prorogued to November 1687. 
Then the hapmr Revolution took Place ; and in the Bill of 
Rights, 1. QulieL IS Mari<t^ it is dectar'd and enabled, That 
**S\ the Rights and liberties afTerted and claimed in the 

* £ud Declaration, are the true, ancient, and undubitable 
^ VoJm L h^ ! Rights 

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( it ) 

AMtiu Cm. t ' Riglits and Liberties of die People of this l^ngdom, and 
^^yS!^'^^ • onght to be firmly and ftriaiv holdcn and obferv'd/ And 
^^ ^^^^^ in the feme Bill, among that lon^ Catalogue of Grievances 
which precedes the faid Declaration^ there is not the leaft 
Mention made of Want of frequent Ejedions, but only .that 
Parliaments ought to be free. In the iixth of Eling William^ 
this now favoured Bill for Triennial Parliaments was pafe^d s 
and upon this Occafion I cannot help obferving, that it is 
fome SatisfafUon, that the People abroad, who look npos 
the Reign of that Prince as a Ufurpation, fhould be fona of 
any one A€t that pafs'd in that Time ; and I hope from 
hence, they may in Time be more recondl'd to the Protc- 
fiant Sttcceflion, which is in Confequence of that Revolution. 
' If Gentlemen will look over the Writs of Summons^ 
and the Returns of thoie Writs, they will find no Mention 
how long any Parliament is to lail ; but the Return makesT 
Mention of the Perfons who are to ferve in the Parliament 
that is to meet, and be held at fuch a Time at Weftminfter. 
It muft be allowed, that the Parliament is fubjed to the 
Triennial A£t while it fubfifb ; and therefore the Advan- 
tages or Inconveniences of that Law ought chiefly to be 
confider'd in the Matter now before us : And in Cafe an 
Ad be found prejudicial, if fuch a Veneration is to be 
paid to a Law, as not to ^ter it, from any Convidion of 
Its being infufHdent, or attended with ill Confequences, I 
think the Legiflature will become, in a Manner, uielefe. 
I take the principal Matter to be, to examine what Benefit 
has accrued to the Nation by virtue of this Bill, and if the 
Inconveniences do not outweigh all the Advantages ? 

' It is pretended, that by the Triennial Eledions, the 
« People have an Opportunity of layin|^ afide thofe Perfons 
with whofe Behaviour in Parliament they arc diflatisfyM» 
or fuch whom they apprehend to be under Court-Influences : 
I defire it may be confider*d, how very few Examples therer. 
are, of Perfons, who having accepted Places, have not been 
xe-eleded. The Reafon is very obvious : Becaufe the 
People, who love Expences, judge that a Man who has a 
Place of Profit, is much more capable of making an Ex- 
pence, than he that has none. But fuppofing any Gentle- 
man fo wickedly difpos*d, as to iacrifice his Opinion to the 
Lucre of a Place, does not fuch a Perfon, who has fpent 
live or ^ hundred Pounds at his EledUon, and his Cir* 
cumilances not very able to bear it, come more prepared 
for Court-Temptation, than if he had enjoy*d his Seat in 
Parliament, and been free from the Trouble and Expence 
of fi^quent Eledions ? I appeal to Gentlemen, if Expenceir 
are not increasM ? And .if any Infiance can be produced 
yhere they are abated, many more may be where they are 


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( «3 ) 

iocfcas'd ; fo th^ the End of the Bill, in this Refped, it ^^^^^ 
jio ways anfwer'i^. 

' It is ikid, that Expences being voluntary, it is the Fault 
only of thofe who make them ; but when we obferve the 
Contagion of Expences to be univerfally fpread in the King« 
dom at the Time of Eledlions, and a Diflblution of Man- 
nen occafion'd by fuch Expences, it is Time for the Lie- 
g^ture to interpofe, and prevent the dangerous Confequen- 
CCS of fuch an Evil, Do Gentlemen confider the Dif- 
tradions occafion*d by Eledion, and the Impoifibility; con- 
fiderii^ the iinall Interval of Ele^ons, t6 heal up thofe 
Wounds which the Animoiities of Parties have occafion'd ; 
lb that 'tis little better than living in « continual State of 
Warfare. This is a no lejTs fam than undeniable Confe* 
qnence of this Bill, which was calculated for the Eafe of 
die Siubjea. 

* Its faid, the Reafon of this Expedient, as it is call*d^ 
is becanfe the Majority of this Parliament are Whigs : 
And tho' 'ti^ allowed that this Parliament has aded for the 
Service of his Majefty and the Nation, the Proceedings of 
the laft Parliament are faid to be as meritorious of the 
Eing^s good Opinion, and the Nation's as what this Parlia,-* 
ment has done. 

* It is much infilled on, that the Tories gave the Civil 
lift : That is true ; But had tUey not given it, I believe 
the King would not long have been deprived of it. *Tis 
iaid the King was received here with the univerfal Joy of 
his People : Why did that Satisfaction ceafe fo foon i Has 
the King done any Thing to lofe the AfFe£Uon of fo many 
of his People ? or have his Minifters ? If his MiniHerSn 
why has the Spirit of Patriotifm been fo much wanting ia 
G€3itlen»en, as not to reprefent Co the King, or in this 
Houfe, the Crimes of thofe he employs in hb Service ? BuC* 
if no real Handle for thefe Difcontents has been given by 
King or Minifters, then thofe who pretended fuch a 2^eat 
for the Kine and his Service, at his Arrival here, zQjed 
a hypocritical Part, and meant nothing lefs than what they 
now make Profeflions of. Let us con^der the prefent Situa^ 
turn of the Minds of the People, how exafperated one Set 
of them are at the neqefi^ Profecutions of thofe, who fo' 
fatally concerted the Ruin of their Country ; and to what 
Degree that rf fllefs Spirit influenced the Peo|^e in the late 
Rebellion ; and how induflrioufly a falfe and miilaken Caufe 
of the Church has been of late propagated in this Nation. 

* FromthefeandmanyotherCircumibncesof Affairs, and 
other Symptoms of the ill Temper of the Nation, I think the , 
Difpofition of the Peoples Minds far from being fuitable to 
the 6afine6 of aa Eledion, but rather for a. Reiloration o^ 

" ' l^Z tK*t 

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( «4 ) 
diat Pecfon, who the deluded People have been taught lias 
alone a Right to the Crown, and is to come to free you from 
die Oppremons you now lie under. 

< So much has been {aid concerning the Preparadoils 
which the Regent is making, by extorting ,vaft Sums from 

^ the Subjects of France ; and fo much has been {poken con* 
cernmg our Alliances, and the Neceffity of applying bur 
felves to find out effcftual Methods for difcharging the pub^ 
lick Debts, that after fo long a Debate, I (haanot trouble 
you with my Thoughts upon^thofe Subjedb. 

< it muft be allowed, that the Nation has Obligadon ta 
thofe Patriots who fram'd this Law, with a View and Ex* 
peftation it would pAve a fecure Provifion for the Liberty 
and Eafe of the Subje^ : But could thofe great and honeft 
M&n have forefeen into what a degenerate State this Nation 
Avould fall, they would have been convincM how infuffident 
$Ad Cobweb a Remedy fuch a Bill muft prove ; and they 
would fcarce have been content with leaving to Poftferity a 
JLegacy, which "Experience has (hewn to be deflru£Uve, in- 
ilead of any real Advantage to them. 

* I humbly apprehend, that when Laws do not anfWer 
their End,* or prove prejudicial in their Confequen^s, 'tis 
the Duty of the Legillature to interpofe ; and that the SnC- 
peniion of this Bill is fo fa^ from being a Viblation of our 
Conflitution, that it is the healing a Breach made iii the 
Conflitution by thofe who obtained this Law. 

« The Reaions why I am now for the Bill are, 

* To difjpofe the People to follow their Callings and to 
be induftrious, by taking from them, for a Time, the Op- 
portunity of diftradling one another by Eledions : To pre- 
vent fuch who have the Will, from the Power of giving Difturbance to the Government : To prevent ano* 
dier Rebellion, riiere being juft as much Realon to expeft 
one this Year, as there was the laft : To check that evil 
Spirit in thofe who have fwom to the King, and rofe in 
Arras againft him, or abetted fuch who have : To difcoon- 
tenance that Spirit which lately did fo far prevail in this 
Nation, as to approve of a moft ignominious Conclufion of 
a fuccefsful War, by a ruinous Peace : To render fruidefs 
any concerted Projeft of the Regent, or atiy other foreign 
Princes, to difturb this Nation at a Time when EledUons^ 
or the Approach of them, have rais'd a Ferment in the 
Minds of the People ; and to procure to the Clergy ah 
Interval from being Politicians, that they may be the bet- 
ter able to take .Care of their Flocks, in the Manner the 
Scripture has' prefcrib'd. 

* For thefc and many other Reafons, too long to ertume- 
Mtp at this Time^ I am for the Cpnunitm^nvof this Bill. 

' *^ 

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Sir Richard Steele feoke next for the Bill as foOowi, ^^JtJ?^^ 

' Mr Speaker, ' V^^-^C^ 

* It is evident that new chofen annual Parliaments were sJrRichASrteic'* 
acfer the Cuftom or Right of this Kingdom : It renwins *iwJ»«« «»*•■« 
dterefore only to confider, now that there is a Law, which 
makes Parliaments meet, as of Courfe, at (uch a ftated 
Time, whether the Period of three Years anfwer'd the Pur- 
pofes intended by it ? The Preamble to the Triennial A6t 
txpteBcs, that it was introduced into the CbnfUtution for the 
better * Union and Agreement of the King and his People ;• 
bat it bas had a quite contrary E^ed ; and Experience hU 
?erify*d what a great Man \maning the late Earl of Sunder- 
laad\ ikid of it, wheti it was en^ed, ' That it nad made 

• a Triemiial King, a Triennial Minihry, a Triennial Al- 

* llance/ Wc feel this ia all Occurrences of State ; and 
they who look upon us from abroad, behold the Struggle in 
which we are neceffarily engaged from Time to Time under 
this Law. Ever fincc it has been enaded the Nation has 
been in a Series of Contention : The firft Year of a Trien- 
nial Parliament has been fpent in vindidUre Deciiions and 
Animofities about the late Eledions ; the iecond Seffioahas 
entered into Bufinefs, but rather with a Spirit^ of Contra- 
didion to what the prevailing Set of Men in former Par- 
liamehts had brought to pafs, than of a diflnterefled Zeal 
for the common Good : The third Sefllon langui(h*d in the 
Purfuit of what little was intended to be done in the fe- 
cond ; and the Approach of an enfuing Eledion terrify*d 
the Members into a fervile Management, according as their 
refpeftive Principals were difpos'd towards the Queilion be- 
fore them in tha Houfe. Thus the State of England hat 
been like that of a Vellel in Didrefs at Sea : The Pilot and 
Mariners have been wholly employed in keeping the Ship * 
from finking ; the Art of Navigation was ufelefs, and they 
never pretended to make Sail. It is objed^ed, * That the 
Altttation proposed is a Breach of Truft :' The Truft, 
Sir, repos'd in us, is that of the publick Good ; the King, 
Lrads, and Commons, are the Parties who cxercife this 
Tmft ; and when the King, Lords, and Commons exercife this 
Truft by the Meafure of the common Good, they difchatte 
tfiemJeives, as well in ^<t altering and repealing as in the 
making or confirming Laws. The Period of Time, \A this 
Cafe, IS a fubordinate Confideration ; and thofe Gentlemen . 
who are againft the Alteration, "fpeak in too pompous a 
Style, when they tell us, * We are breaking into the Con- 

< ftittttion.* It has been farther objeded, ' that all this 
' is only pving" great Power to the Minifters, who may 
* make an arbitrary Ufe of it :' The Minillers are indeed 
W^e Other Mcn» from the lofinni^r of human Nature 

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iUMos. GecNi* liable to be xaade worfe by Power and Autbonty ; but tluB\ 
^^^I?^,^,. A61 gives no Addition to that Authority it felf ; though it: 
may poffibly prolong the Exercife of it in them. Tl^ey 
are neverthelels refponfible for their Aftions to a Parliament j I 
and the Mode of enjoying their Offices is exaftly the fame. 
Now, when the Thing is thus, and that the Period of 
three Years is found> from infallible Experience it felf^ a 
Period that can afford us no Good, where fhall wc reft ? 
The Ills that are to l)e done againft iingle Perfons or Com* 
munities are done by Surprize, and on a fudden ; but good 
Things are flow in their Progrefs, and mull wait Occafion. 
Deftruftion is done with a Blow; but Reformation is 
brought about by leifurely Advances. All the Mifchiefs 
which can be wrought under the Septennial A£t, can be 
|)erpetrated under the Triennial ; but all the Good which 
may be compafs'd under the Septential, cannot be l\pp'd for 
under the Triennial. We may fear that the Minifters may- 
do us Harm, but that is no Reafon why we, ihould cpn- 
tinue them under a Difability of doing us Good. For 
thefe Confiderations, I am unrefervedly for the Bill/ ' 

Then Mr Snell fpoke againfl the ?ill, 
Mr Speaker, 
itoShfTs sgfdi * Wc are told ther^ is an abfolutfe Neceffity for tKe BiU- 
Hamft U» ^liich is nqw before you, and that thofe who oppofe it, are 

no better than Friends to a Popifli Pretender. But as I wifti 
us w^ll to his prefent Ma^efty's Perfon and Government, as 
the moil zealous for his Service, I fhall never refign my 
Opinion to Words only, and betray my Truft to (ervc the 
purpofes of a Miniftry, 

* I canpot but think this Bill, if it pafs into a Law, will 
highly infringe the Liberties of the People ; and as I can by 
no means affent to the Reafons that are offer'd to prove it 
neceflary, fo I fhall heartily give my Negative to it. 

• I don't wonder to hear a Neceffity urg'd for altering the 
' Conftitution of our Parliaments, by thofe who have given up 

their own. 

This lad Expreffion, which was fupposM to be owing to 
l^r Haldane's, a Scots Member, having declar'd for the Bill, 
' was refented by Mr * Thomas Smith, Member for Glaf^ 
gow, &c. who faid, * That Mr Snell would not be fo bold 
as to fjpeak thofe Words any where elfe.' He was ieconded 
by Lord Coningfby } and the EJifpute being like to grow 
Varm, Mr Speaker interpofed, and faid, * That all th<? 
Members having the Privilege of explaining themfelves, Mr 
8nell ought to have the Liberty of fodoiqg.' Hereupon Mi? 


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( «7 ) 
$iaU (aid* * fhat he meant no perfonal ftefleAion on that Amot. e».h 
worthyvMcmber, for that he fpokc only of the Scots Nation v-^^42r^ 
in general.* To which Sir David Dalrymple replied, * That 
Mr Snell*'s Explanation increafed the Offence, inftead of hC- 
fening it, and that he demanded Satisfaction.* — Some other 
Members alfo calling out, * To the Bar, To the Bar,* Mr 
SneU excnied himfel^ by begging Pardon for any unguarded 
Expreffions that might have efcap*d him : Upon which the 
A£ur drop*d, and he went on as follows : 
* The chief Arguments rtiadeUfe of for theBill,as it repeall 
the Triennial AS, and continues the prefent Parliament, are» 

* To zppcsik the groundlefs Annimoiities of the People i 

* To avoid Expences, which frequent EledUons occafiott^ 
to the impoverifiiing of many Gentlemen*s F^unilies : ' 

* To obviate tumultuous Riots and Aflemblie^i which might 
^e a Handle to a fecond Rebellion : And, laftly, 

* To furtJier our Alliances abroad. 

* How we can poffibly expeft to quiet the groundlefi Ani- 
OK^ties of the People by this Bill, I muft own, I am at a Lois ' 
to imagine, unlefs ftnpping them of their moft valuable Pri* 
vilcgcs, which they and their Anceftors have for many Aget 
paftexertis*d and enjoyVl, may be thought a proper Expedient 
to reconcile their Affedions, and en<kar the prefent Admi-^ 
niftration to them. 

* The Expences at Eleftions are merely voluntary, and 
if any one fuffers by them he has none to blame but himfelf ; 
and I icarce believe Gendemen to be ferioui in this Particu- 
lar ; for let us look but a little backward, and trace this miA 
duevous Evil, this growing Corruption, that needs fuch an 
exdaordinary Remedy, to its Original, and we iliall find it 
has its Rife from the fame Place whence the Remedy pro^ 
pos*d had its Beginning } and that former ill Miniilries, the 
better to forward their finifter Views, have, by fending their 
Agents through the Kingdom at an approaching Election, di^- 
baach*d the People with the publick Money ; to that Pitch 
of Corruption we are now arriv'd. *Ti8 otherwife impoffible 
to ^ve an Account how fo many Gentlemen are chofen to 
ierve in Parliament, in Counties and Places where they have 
no vifible Eilates or Intereft ; nay, fome perhaps whofe 
Names were never heard of in the County a Month before 
tlie Eleaion. 

' The Rebellion is happily now at an End, and the Go- - 
vemment fo much better lecur*d againft Riots and tumultu- 
ous Aflemblies, by the wholfome Laws provided by the 
Wifdom of this Parbament, that little or no Danger can be 
Raibnably apprehended from thence ; efpedally, if we con- 
fiiier the Number of Forces prudently quartered throughout 


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the Kixigicm, fufipeat to fun^fi the moft daring CoiHino* 
tions that fhall be attempted. 

< The laftRcafon made Ufe of to prove t}ie Neceffity of 
this Billy is, that it will enable the GovenuneBt the better 
to treat and negotiate Foreign Alliances. 

.« But furely thofe who make Ufe of this as 911 Aigumcnt, 
are Strangers to the Confutation of England | for by the 
known and (tanding Law of the Land, the Right of making 
Peace and War, Treaties and Alliances, are undeniably the 
King's Prerogative ; and the King may exercife that Righ^ 
as to him (eems beft, and moft for the Good ^xA benefit of 
his People, without Application to Parliament, either to ap- 
prove or c^firm. But admitting that of late Years Parlia'* 
ments have thought themfelves inti^ed to interpofe th^r Ad- 
vice in Treaties and Alliances, though I deny it to be their 
Righ^ this is an Argument £ngly fufficient with me to fop- 
port the TrienniM Bill. For fuppoiing a Minifby fhall at 
any Time negotiate an Alliance ^rejud^nal to the Inteieft of 
England, ana )}y their Artifice impofe upon a Parliament 
to approve and confirm it ; is it not a peculiar Haf^inefs, 
that fuch a Parliament will quickly have 9x1 End ; and th^ 
the People have it in their own Power, by another, whidi 
moft foon be call'd, to correct the Mifdeeds of fuch a Mini* 
ftry, anid prevent the farther ill Confequences of fuch a Trea- 
ty to the Nation. 

* But allowing the Arguments that are made Ufe of fufii- 
' cient to pove the Neceffity of repealing the Triennial Bill at 

prefent, I would beg Leave to confider, whether it be ip our 
Power or no, to continue the prefent Parliament beyond the 
Time for which the People chofe us i 

* And as for my own Part, I freely declare it as my Opi- 
nion, though I fhall always acquiefce in the Judgment of the 
Majority, that the Purport of this Bill, fo far as it relates to 
the Continuance of this prefent Parliament, is not within the 
Compafs of the Truft repofed in us by the People. And to 
fatisfy Gentlemen that I am not fingular in this Opinion, I 
would beg their Patience to read to them a Paflage" or two 
from Mr LockV Treatife of Go'vernmeut, 

* The Power of the Legiflative, fays he^ being deriv'd from 
' the People by a pofitive voluntary Grant and Inftitution, 
' can be no other than what that pofitive Grant conveyed ; 

* u^ich being only to make Laws, and not Legiflators, the 

* Legiflative can have no Power of transftrriag their Autho- 
^ rity of making Laws, and placing it in other Hand^. 

Again, he lays it down as a Rule, * That when the So* 

* cicty has jJac'd the Legiflative in any Affembly of Mfen, 
*■ to continue in them ,.aiKl their Succenbrs, the Iiegiflativa 
' can never revert to thi^ People whilft diat Government Ms I 

; becaufe^ 

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( «9 ) 
' becaufe, having provided a Legiflature with Power to CoA- Aim t. Om« v 

* tinuc for ever, theyhave given up their Political Power ta ^^^^^^ 

* the Legiflative and cannot refiune it : But if they have fet ^ 

* Limits to the Duration of their Legiflative, and make this 

* Supreme Power in any Perfon or Aifembly only temporary I 
•at the Determination of the Time ftt, it reverts to theSod** 
' ety, and the People have a Right to place it in new Hands* 

* I beg Pardon for the Length of the Quotation \ but as 
the Author, in his Life-time> was always ^eem*d a Man of 
great Learning and Candour, and no ways fufpeded as dif- 
affeded to the Succeffion in the Houfe of Hanover, I could 
not omit taking Notice of the Sentiments of fo great a Man» 
fo conducive to a right Underftanding of the Point now in 

* And if thefe Pofitions are true, the Inferences arc very 
obvious : The People of England have a Fundamental indif« 
pntable Right to appoint their Reprefentatives in Parlia-* 
roent ; and by a Law Hill in Being, for three Years and no 
longer, fubj^ to the King's Power of Diffolution, have 
chofen us their Reprefentatives, in Purfuasce of that Law i 
and therefore, whenever that Triennial Term ihall expire^ 
have a Right to chufe new ones. 

* It may be objeded. That when the People have once 
conftituted the Lceiflative, that the Legiflature is thereby " 
vefted with the whole Power of their Eleftors : And it can* 
not be deny'd, but, generally fpeaking, it will hold true. And 
the People of England, having 'chofen us to reprefent them, 
we are thereby impower'd, not only to make Laws, but to 
alter or repeal any Law in Being, as we ihall think fit, for 
their Benefit and Security ; and they will undoubtedly b« 
bound thereby. But then this is to be underftood, where th« 
Subjea-Matter of the Laws we make is within Compafs of 
the Truft which the People have or may at leaft be fuppos'd 
to delegate to us ; and it is an ill Way of Rf»f({ning to aP^ 
fert, that we have a Power to do what we cannot do without 
Prejudice to thofe we reprefent. 

* The Right of elefting Reprefentatives in Parliament, is 
infeparably inherent in the People of Great Britain, and can 
never be thought to be delegated to the Reprefentatives, un* 
Icfe yoti'll make the Elefted to be the Ele6lor ; and, at the 
feme Time, fuppofe it the Will of the People, that their Re- 
prefentatives mould have it in their Power to deftroy thofe 
that made them, whenever a Miniftry (hall think it neceflary 
to fcreen themfelves from their juft Refentmcnts : This would 
be to deflroy the Fence to all their Freedom ; for if we have 
a Right to continue our felves one Year, one Month, or Day, 
beyond our Triennial Term, 'twill unavoidably follow, we 
have it in our Power to make our felves perpetual ; and what- 

Vol. L M ever 

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( 90 ) 

ever Neccffity we may be i^educ'd to hereafter. Matters arc 
not yet in that apparent bad Condition, to convince the People 
that there is a prefent Occafion for this dangerous Innova- 
tion in their Conftitution. 

* To fay that the paffing this Bill is not to graffp to our 
felves the Right of Eledion, but only to enlarge thp Time for 
calling new Parliaments, is a manifeft Fallacy ; for whenever 
our three Years are expired, we can no longer be faid to fub- 
lift by the ClToice of the People, but by our own Appoint- 
ment 5 and 'tis a Jeft to tell me, I have a Right to that which 
another has a Right to take from me. ♦ 

* Whoever will confider well the Frame and Nature of our 
Conftitution, will find it^ calculated for every Circumftance 
needful for the Security of a free People. W_e are guarded^ 
by our Reprefentatives in Parliainent, againft any arbitrary- 
Encroachments of the fupreme executive Power ; and by- 
frequent and new Parliaments, againft the Weaknefs, Folly, 
and Corruption of our Reprefentatives : And tho' many In- 
ftances may be given of long Intermiffions of Parliaments, 
yet that does by no means prove frequent and new Parliaments 
not to be Part of our Conftitution ; and *tis obvious to every 
impartial Perfon, that without them our Conftitution is de- 
fedive. For thefe Reafons I cannot approve of this Bill : I 
think it an open Violation of the People's Liberties, or, to 
ijpeak moft mildly of it, a Breach of our Truft in th^t Part 
which will moft fenfibly afFeft them ; and of that ill Tenden- 
cy in its Confequence, that as nothing but the Security of the 
Miniftry can make it at this Time needful, fo nothing but a 
ftanding Force can make it lafting. 

Mr Bromley fpoke next againft the Bill- 
Mr Speaker, 
nr Bfomiey'5 * I may venture to affirm, that the Bill now before you h 

tjwjchagjunft the ^^ j^^gj^^^ Concern to the Commons of Great Britain, than 
♦ any that evdr yet was before you : It takes away the People's 

Right of appointing their Reprefentatives ; it deprives them 
of their Share in the Legiflature, and, in my Opinion, wounds 
the Conftitution of Parliaments very deep. 

* No Gentleman is ignorant, that the Frame of otir Go- 
vernment is made up of the King, the Lords, and the Com- 
Tnons. Thefe, with Refpeft to each other, have ever been 
icfteem'd feparate, altho', when put together, they make but 
cne entire Government. The Duration of this Form of 
jGovernment in England, longer than in our neighbouring 
Countries, is manifeftly owing to the Care taken by tliofe 
that went before lis, in keeping thefe three Conftituent Parts 
of the Political Body up to the Rules of their firft Inftitution, | 
by leftnuning Eacl^ t9 its proper Bounds, an4 ifl not fuffering 

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One to be over-bom or fwallow'd ap hj tke other two : 
However thefe Three great Parts may in other Refpeds be 
confider'd, yet with Regard to the Legiflative they muft ad 
in Conjundion. The AiTentof Each to the Making of Laws 
ia eilentially neceflary ; but the Manner of giving this A/Fent 
is different in the People^ from what it is in the King, and in 
the Lords. The People, by Reafpn of their Number, can- 
not be peHbnally prefent at thepafiing of Laws ; their Ailent 
can no otherwife be iignifyM, than by their Reprefentatives* 
The Disadvantage the Commons are, in this Refped, under» 
is in fome fort made up to them by the Care taken in the 
Framing of our Government, That they fhould be truly and 
fairly reprefented. 

' That Eledions fhall be free, is often declared in our 
written Laws. 'Tis in Effed faying. That neither the Power 
of the Crown, nor the Power of the Lords, fhould interpofoi 
in them^ 

* The Refolution of this Houfe, renew'd every Seffion, 
viz. * That fpr a Lord to concern himfelf in the Eledion of 

* Members to ferve for the Commons in Parliament, is a 

* high Lifringement of the Liberties and Privileges, of di^ 
^ Commons of Great Britain,' fufficiently ihews the Jealoufy 
the Commons ever had of the Lords intermeddling in tho 
ElcdUons of their Reprefentatives. 

* The Attempts made on the King's Part, towards influen^ 
cing Eledions, have been principally by Officers under tho 
Nomination of the Cfown. As this Mifchief from Time to 
Time appear'd. Laws were introduced providing againfl it. 
The Statute 7 Hen. IV. c. 15, recites that Law to bo- 
made ' At the grievous Complaint of the Commons of the 

* midue £Ije£tions for Parliament," and direds, among other 
Things, * That Sheriffs Ihould proceed to Eledions freely antf 
' indifferratlyy notwithflanding any Command to the con- 

* trary.' Msoiy fubfequent Laws were made for preferving 
to the People this Privilege, on which all other depend, of 
being ^thfiilly reprefented in Parliament. No lefs than 
fcven A€ts were made in King William's Time for that Pur- 
pofe : So greatly did the Endeavours of Officers to influence 
Ekdions at that Time abound, The Statute of 3. Will, and 
Mar. c. I, takes Notice, * That the Officers of the Excife» 

* by Reafon of the Greatnefs of the Duty, and the extraor- 

< dinary Powers given to them, had frequendy, by ThreaUi 

< orPromifes, fo farpr^vail'd on Electors, that they had« 
1 been abfblutely debarr'd of the ^Freedom of giving their 
' Votes I which, according to the known. ConfUtution of this 
« Kingdom, every Pcrfon ought to have and enjoy.' It thorn 
enads, * That any fu^ Officer who perfwadcs or diflwade* 
1 any file^ from giving his Vote, fhall forfeit one hundred 

M z ! Pounds, 

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( 9* ) ^ 
Afliwf. <^.i. ' Pooncb^ and be incapable of executing any OHice relating 
J\j0%^^ * to the Excife.' Another Law of the like Nature was lately 
made in Relation to the Officers concerned in colle^ng 
ehe Pod-Office Duty. Thefe Laws are now all to be laid 
alleep. Provifions made for proteding the People's Ri^t 
of Eledion muft become infignifiqant, if Ele^cHis them* 
iclves are no longer to be allowed. 

' The Care taken by the Founders of our Government to 
preferve this Right, did not flop here ; it was not fufficient 
to that Purpofe, that £le6Uons fhould be free ; it was like- 
w(e neceflary that they ihould be frequent. 

* The People's Right to frequent Eleftions was founded 
on fubilantial Reafons ; for fince they, who could a6t no o- 
eherwife than by Reprefentativ^s, were capable of beiqg mi- 
fiaken in their Choice, and the Perfon chofen liable to be 
tempted over to a Dependence on the Crown, or on the Lords, 
Itnd thereby receive an undue Influence, it became neceflary 
diat frequent Opportunities fhould be given to the Conunons 
to corred their Choice, and thereby prevent the Danger 
which the Unfaithfubiefs of their Reprefentatives might 
otherwife bring upon them. 

' That the People had a Right to frequent Elections, is 
made unquoitionable by the beft of Evidence, Perpetual 

< From the firfl Footfteps of Parliaments, down to the Time 
of K.Henry VIII, not only from Records, but from the print- 
ed Statutes, the Frequency of EledUons does appear. The mofl 
repeated Inflances, within that Period of Time, are of Par- 
liaments determining within the Compafs of a Year ; no In- 
ftance where they continued longer than three. 

* King Charles I, that unfortunate Prince, was put upon 
governing without Parliaments ; but the Neceffity of Affairs 
forcing him to change his Purpofe, a Parliament was calPd 
an the i6th Year of his Reign, in which a Law of an extra- 
ordinary Nature was pafs'd, viz. * That in cafe the King did 

* not call a Parliament within three Years after the Deter- 

* mination of the preceding Parliament, then the Lord 

* Chancellor, &c. fhould ifTue Writs for that Purpofe ; ' with 
many other extraordinary Provifions. That Parliament (bon 
after perpetuated themfelves, fo far as it was capable oF be* 
ing done ; and by an Aft made the fame Year, * they were 
< not to be difTolv'd but by Aft of Parliament.' To the kn^ 
Continuance of which Parliament were all the Calamities of 
the Civil War to be imputed. 

* This Statute of the i6th of Charles I was repeal'd by the 
Statute of the i6ch of Charles II. c. i. But notwithfianding 
the fond Humour the Nation was then in, even by the lame 
Aft it was d^dar'd, * That by the Laws of this Realm, Fkr- 

• Hg^iffffntf 

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( 93 ) 

• liaments arc to be held very often, and to the find there Annoi. Gm. l 
vaif^t be a frequent Calling, Affemblingy and Holding i^i[^ 
Finianients once in three Years at leaft, it was declared 
mA enabled, * That Parliaments (hould not be intermit- 

* iDd above three Years at the moll. 

* In King Charles II. Time another Turn of PoUqr waa 
taken, which was to bring the Houfe of Commons to thefient 
of the Minifby, by the fecret Application of Penfions to 
the Members. Such was the Modeity even of that Age, 
as not openly and avowedly to byafs with OfHces, thofe 
who ought at kail to be the faithful Reprefentatives of the 

* For the effeding of this pemidons Purpofe of corrupt- 
ing the Commpns, it was neceflary that the Parliament 
(honld be prolonged ; which it was for eighteen Years : Af- 
facance of which being privately given to many of the 
Members, and there being Time fufficient to gain upon 
others, not fo ^ intruded with the Secret, the Deiign was 
effeded. And fuch was the Behaviour of that Parliament, 
that it acquir*d the infamous Name of the Penfioner-Par- 

* The Attack thus made on the Confutation of Parliar 
ments, by depriving the People of their Right of frequent 
Eledions, gave Bir^ to the Jealoufy the Nation entertained, 
of the Intention that Prince had of alTuming to himfelf a 
de^tick Power. How uneafy the later Part of his keign 
becune on that Account, is well known ; and this Nation 
has felt the £ffe£b of the Ferment and Divifions which then 
arofe ; and by the Artifice of iU-deiigning Minims, have 
been ever fince continued. 

* The People being warn'd by the narrow Efcape their 
Liberties met with from that Parliament, did, after much 
Struggle,, obtain this Law of Triennial Parliaments, the onljr 
Remedy left for preferving their ancient Conftitution. 

* And now, after above an hundred Millions given by 
the Pojpfe, in order to preferve their oW Form of Govern- 
ment, here is a Bill fent us by the Lords, which, if it 
pafles, muft exjpofe us again to the greateft of Dangers, 
which b that of a long Parliament. 

^ In the Time of tlmt Penfioner-Parliament, which began 
in 1662, the Means of Temptation in the Minifters Hands, 
were not (o great as they now are : The Civil Lift is well 
nigh double to what it then was : The Dependence on the 
Crown is greatly enlarged, by Reafon of the Increafe of 
Officers for managing the publick Revenue and Funds. 
What Influence thde may have upon an exhaufted Nation, 
onder the Terror which forty thouiand rc^ar Troops carry 
wi^ thcmi is eaiUy forefeen. 

* N« 

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• ( 94 ) . 

* No Wonder the Lords, who arc ever fond of PoiverJ 
have fent us a Bill which admits of their having a Share ii^ 
the Nomination of the Moufe of Commons : But I can't 
guefs what fhould induce them to exped our Concurrence.| 
Surety they cannot think fo meanly of us, that for the 
Sake of continuing our Seats here, we (hould give into v(^hat 
fo greatly affedb the Rights of thofe that fent us. Can 
we be thought fo ungrateful, as to join in the Deflru6Uon 
of the Power that raisM us ? Can they think us fo un^th- 
ful, as to betray our Truft in this grofs Manner, by re - 
nouncing our Relation to the People, and accepting from 
the Crown, and from themfelves, a Renewal of our Rig^ht 
to fit here ? Should they imagine us no longer to be influ- 
ehcM by the Rules of Juftice and Morality ; yet methinks 
they fhould allow as to have fome Senfe of Shame remain- 
ing, which inufl give us Pain when we return into our 
Countries, and look thofe in the Face whom we have fb 
greatly injur'd. 

* I would take Notice of a Matter that was mention^ in 
the Debate, viz. * That fuppoiing this Bill Ihould undergo 
the Forms us*d in the paflingof Bills, whether it would <^rry 
with it the (^ligation of a Law ? Of this I own my felf 
much in Doubt. 

* The Powers we are intruded with, as Reprefentatives 
of the People, appear in the Form of the Writ for fum* 
moning the Parliament. And in the Indentures annexed to 
the Return, the Writ recites, • Whereas we have thought 

* £t to call a Parliament, touching divers urgent Afiairs, 

* concerning Us, the State, and Defence of our Kingdom 

* of Great Britain,' It then requires, * That the Sheriff do 

* caufe two to be eleded Knights, &c. to ad in, and con- 

* fent to what fhall be ordain'd by the Common Council* of 

* Great Britain, fuper negotiis antediQu^ * 

* The Indenture annex'dto the Return, anfwers the Writ, 
viz. * That they have elected fuch and fuch to attend ac- 

* cording to the Tenor of the Writ, and given *them full 

* Power to ad in, and tonfent to^ all Things in the faid Par- 

* liament, which fhall be by pommon Council and Confenc 

* ordain'd, touching the State and Defence of his Majefty's 
' Kingdom of Great Britain.' The Qh^^^ ^^ ^'» Whe« 
ther the Authority thus given us to ad, touching the Defence 
of theGovemment, does enable us to lay afide one of the three 
great Eftates, the People, by denying ~them their Right of 
ading by their Reprefentatives in Parliament, and confe- 
quently their Share m the Legiilature ? Does the Power pot 
into our Hands bv the People, juftify our turning the Dag- 
ger into the Bowekof the Conftitution ? This Doubt is io- 


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( 95 ) 
creas'd by the Notion Aat prcvaird touching the InvaMty ^™*S,2**'' 
of the Statute of the i6th Car, I. c, 7. whereby that Parlia- V^^-^i^ 
ment was not to be diflblv'd but by an Aft of Parliament. 
No A&. of Parliament was ever made for that Purpofe ; 
which would certainly have been done, had the fubfequent 
Parliament thought that a Law made in Diminution of the 
People's Intereft in th^ Legiflature had been valid, [It is to hi 
ehfir<u'dy that by an AS of the Coti<uention that met in April 
1660, the Long parliament that met in 164O ixjas declared to he 
iijfohv^d: But that AS nvas not confirmed hy Parliament^ as 
moft of the other A3s of that Convention nuere hy the Statute of 
the 1 '^th Car. II. f. 7.] 

* I fliould be Very willing to hear anfwer'd what a worthy 
Member who juft now (poke for committing the Bill, and 
own'd his Sentiments alter'd touching the Triennial Aft, has 
told the World in an excellent Treatife of his, [Meaning Mr 
Molefworthf in his Preface to his Account of Denmark] * That 

* no People can give away the Freedom of themfelves and 

* their Pofterity : That fuch a Donation ought to be efteem'd 
' of no greater Validity than the Gift of a Child, or of a 

* Mad-man : That People can no more part yith their legal 

* Liberties, than Kings can alienate their Crowns. ^ 

* Every Body is fenfible that thepublick Occaiions will rc- 
qoire large Supplies ; and fhould fo much as a Doubt arife 
in Men's Minds touching the Legality of the Taxes, it will 
tend toincreafe the general Diflatisfadion, fo often menti- 
oned in this Debate, and fubjed us to Hazard there is no Oc- 
ca&m to run, did we content our felves with proceeding in 
the common Methods, which the Ufage of many Ages does 
jufUfy. For thefe Reafons I am againll committing the 

After Mr Bromley, Sir Robert Raymond fpokc likewife 
againft the Bill as follows. ^ 

Mr. Speaker, 

* I am very fenfible under what Difadvantage I muft JJ;^S*^J' 
fpeak after fo long a Debate : I will therefore endeavour to «*««»« ^ »^ 
tontraft what occurs to me on this Subjedt, ^nd to avoid re- 
peating what has been faid before by other Gentlemen, And 

in what I have to offer, I (hall obferve this Method ; I will 
firft confider the Arguments that have been us'd for this Bill, 
#nd then give my Reafons why I am againft it. 

* The Aiguments for the Bill are, I thmk, chiefly thefe: 

* The Expences in Eleftions. 

* The Animofitics and Divifions made and continued by 
Triennial Eledions. 

* The Advantages our Encfljiw paj^ tajce ofthcfe Animo- 

(oei and Djrifions : And 

' ^ Tk^ 

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( 96 ) 

' The Encouragement, I think no Gentleman has fpokc 
f plainer, that this Bill will give to our Allies to treat with us, 
and to enter into properi Alliances, for our mutual Bene£t 
and Advantage. ' 

' As to the Expencesin Elections, it muft be acknowledge 
that they are grown very fcandalous, as well as grievous and 
burthenfome to the Gentlemen of England. They have in- 
creased upon them, not from the Conteib of neighbouring 
Gentlemen with one another, but from Strangers, by what 
Influence or Diredlion I cannot tell, coming to their Boroughs, 
who have no natural Intereft to recommend them, nothing 
but Bribery and Corruption, which has put Gentlemen under 
the Neceflity of great Expences to preferve their Intereils, 
and ferve their Country. And you maft give me leave to 
add, that another Caufe has been, the Impunity that Bribery 
and Corruption have met with in this Hou(e, ^hen they 
have been very notorious, and very fully deteded. But, I 
fear, this Bill can be no Cure to that Evil, it will rat}ier in* 
creafe it ; for as the Term of the Continuance of a Parlia- 
ment is prolongM, fo the Expences will increafe with it. An 
Annuity for feven Years deferves a better Coiifideration, than 
for three; and thofe that will give Money to get into 
Parliament, will give more for feven than for three Years. 
Nothing will fo effedually prevent Expences, as Annual Par- 
liaments : That was our ancient Conftitution, and ^very De- 
parting from it, is ufually attended with great Inconveni- 

• As for our Animofities and Divifions, I ain forry there 
are any, but cannot believe this Bill will be a. Remedy for 
thein. The Animoiitfes and Diviftons rais^ by Elections 
are of a private Nature, and little aiFcd the Publick ; thofe 
that do, are otherwife to be accounted for, which might have 
been extinguifh'd ; but the Opportunities have been negled- 
ed, and I wiih fome Perfons have not ftudyM rather to con- 
tinue and increafe them, than to extinguilh them. I will 
fpeak plainly on this Occaiion. I think the greateft Ani- 
jmofities and Divifions, the greateft Difcontents and Uneafi- 
xie/Tes now among us, have been owing to the unreaibnable 
Refentments, Avarice, and Ambition of fome, and to the un- 
accoimtable Folly and Madnefs of others. 

^ 'i'^hat our Enemies will take Advantage of our Divifions, 
IS not to be doubted, if it is in their Power ; but I muft ob- 
ferve, I'Jhat fmce the Triennial A€t pafs'd, there have been 
ten few^^ral Parliaments call*d, moft of them when you were 
^ adually in War, your Animofities and Divifions great, and 
ypur En emies vigilant ; yet no Inconveniences follow*d, nor 
^vcre an^'y, as I have henni df« fo much as attempted at the 
Times g'l f thofe EIeai(*n5. 


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( 97 ) 
« The laft of the Argamentt I hive recited, is the tin- AnMf.eee;t 

couragement this will give to your Allies to enter iato Trea- ^x^^ji%^ 

ties vnth you. No one fays they want this Encouragement i ^^^^7^ 

no one fays they ask it ; fo that I may condnde this is only 

a Pretence. I ihould be ibrry we had fach Allies as would 

not treat with his Majefty without our giving up oar Coofli* 

totion. Should the like be ask'd of them, they would cer* 

tainly entertain fuch a Propofition with the Contempt and In* 

dignation it deferv'd. But what you are now going to do» 

inlead of ftren^thening the King's Hands, will, I am per- 

fwaded, leflen him in the Opinion of his Allies ; for this is ' 

DTOclaiming to the World, that he dares not call a new P^* 

ham^t ; that he dares not truftthe People in a new Choice* 

Befides, not daring to caH a new Parliament, carries along 

with it a Suppofition to the Diihononr of this Houie ; for it 

foppofes that another Houfe of Commons would ad difie* 

rently from the prefent ; which is to confefs that this Houfe 

does not truly repreient the People ; that they and their 

Reprefentatives are of different Minds ; and that if they 

were to chufe again, they would chufe Men of other Princi- 

{4es, of other Sentiments. 

• I will not trouble you farther with Anfwers to the Ar-* 
guments for this Bill i thofe againft it, that weigh moft with 
me, are thefe : That frequent new Parliaments are our Con- 
ftitution ; that a long Parliament is plainly deftrudive of the 
Sal]jed*s juft Right, and many Ways inconfiftent with the 
Goodof the Nation. Is it reafonable any particular Men 
ihould for a long Time cngrofs fo great a Trull, cxclufivc of 
others ; Can it be of Advantage to the Publick, that the 
Counties, Cities, and Boroughs, ffaould be long confined to 
diofe they have once choien, their Intei:elb admitting of 
great Varisuion in Length of Time ? 

* Frequent new Parliaments are ourConfHtution, and the 
OJling and Holding of them was for many Ages the Prac- 
tice. Before die Conqueft, Parliaments were held three 
Times every Year, at Chriftmas, Eafter, and Whitfuntide. 
In Edwanl the III, Time it was enaded, * That Parlia- 
• ments (hould be holden every Year once, or oftnerif need 
be.' This muft be underftood of new Parliaments, for Pro- 
rog^ons and long Adjournments were not then known ; they 
were never heard of *till later Years. They began in Henry 
the VIII, Time, that Prince and his Minifters knowing long 
Pkrlkments were bcft fitted to make great Changes. They 
were therefore Inventions when extraordinary Things were 
to be done; when what was then the Church was to be alter'd^ 
and the Church-Lands to be taken away. There is nothing 
•f this Sort now, I hope, intended. From that Timeoirf^ 
Hiftories tell us, that wbtn ever the feme Parliament were 

Vol.* I* N long 

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^ 98 ) . 
mmt, Geo. L long continued, or the Meetings of Parliaments long difcomi' 
^^iSJJjiiwy nucd, they gave great Uneafincfs. In the unfortunate Reign 
- V^^^ ^f IQng Charles I, there had been an Intermiffion of Par- 
liaments twelve Years, which produc'i an A6t in the iix- 
teenth Year of that King) For the presenting the Incontfeniences 
happening by long Inter mifjhn of Parliaments. That A^, in 
the Preamble, recites the Law made in the Reign of Edward 
the III, * That Parliaments ought to be held every Year once ; 

* but that the Appointment of Time and Place belonged to his 

* Majefty and his Royal Progenitors : And that it had been 

* found by Experience, great Inconveniences and Mifchiefs had 

* happened to the King, and to the Commonwealth, by not 

* holding Parliaments accordingly.' And for the Prevention of 
the like for the future, it enads, * That the faid Laws fhall 
^ be ftridly obfervM ; and that in cafe there be an Intemiif* 

* iion of the fitting of Parliament for three Years together, 

* if there is a Parliament in being, that Parliament fhall be 

* diflblv'd,' and very e3rtravaganc Powers were given for the 
Calling and Affembling of another ; * And every fuch Parlia- 

* ment was not to be diflblv'd of fiity Days, without their 

* own Confent.' This extraordinary Step was foonfollow'd, 
by an Aft intituled 'Hfat the Parliament Jhould not be diJol<u^d, 
frorogiidj or adjourn' d^ but by A3 of Parliament ; nor the Houfes 
of Parliament adjourned but by them/elves refpiBively, I need 
not be particular in recounting the Confequences of this A£l of 
Parliament ; for every one knows, that Set of Men, when they 
had thus continued themfelves, never ilopp'd 'till they had 
murder 'd the beft of Princes, and entirely fubverted our Con- 
^tution both in Church and State. 

* Soon after the Reftoration of King Charles II, the Aft 
for the preventing the Inconveniences happening by the long 
IntermiiTion of Parliaments was repealed, becaufe derogatory 
to the Prerogative, and becaufe it might be an Occaiion of 
anany Mifchiefs and Inconveniences, and endanger the pub- 
lick Peace and JSafety ; but at the fame Time it is dedar'd 
and enadled, * That becaufe, by the ancient Laws and 

* Statutes, Parliaments are to be held very often, the fitting 

* and holding of Parliaments fhall not be mtermitted above 

* three Years at the moft.' This Law not having been io 
well obferv'd, as it ought to have been at the Revolution in 
the Convention-Parliament, when it, was thought neceflary to 
declare the Rights and Liberties of the Subject, after many 
Breaches' had been made upon them, it was, among other 
Thills, declared, * That Parliaments ought to be held fre- 
quently.' And what follows in that A61 is very firong^ 

for it declares and enadls, * That all and fmgular the Rights 
< and Liberties afTerted and claim'd in the faid Declaration^ 

* "" ties of the ~ 

y Google 

* are the indubitable Rights and Liberties of the People of 

« thif 

( 99 ) 

* this Kingdom, and (b ihall be efteem'd, Moiw'd, adjudg'd, Ataat. Oto.a 

' and taken to be ; and all the Particulars thereof ihall be . JT^;. 
' firmly and fbidly holden and obferv'd, as they are ex- 
' preis*d in the faid Declaration/ The Right daim'd and 
aflerted, is, * That Parliaments ought to be held frequently i 
And ioon after a new Parliament was callM, which fate 
annually : Bat this was not look'd upon < to be a comply- 
ii^ with the Right claimM, and therefore, after that Par- 
li;mient had fat three Times, in the fourth SeiEon it was 
tliought neceilary to come to a farther Explication, and a 
Bill pafs'd both ^oufes, but was reje^ed by the Throne, 
F$r the frequint Meeting and Calling of Parliaments, Others- 
were attempted in the next Seifion, and it is well known how 
diey came to mifcarry in this Houfe s but in the fucceedins; 
Seiiion, a Bill pafs'd both Houfes, and had the Royal Ai- 
ient. That is the A6t this Bill is to alter : But before it is 
altered, I hope it will be (hewn, that what is aflerted in the 
Preamble, is miftaken, and has prov'd otherwife. In the 
Preamble two Things are aflerted, * That by the ancient Laws 

* and Statutesof the Kingdom, frequent Parliaments ought to 
' be held ; and that frequent new Parliaments tend very much 

* to the happy Union and good Agreement of the King and 

* his People. The firft Propofition is inconteflable ; and the 
latter, I think, will not be deny'd ; for frequent and new 
Parli^ents create a Confidence between the King and his 
People, a yery neceflary Step towards an Union and good A- 
greement. li the King would be acquainted with his Peo^ . 
pie, and have more the Hearts of them, thi& is the furefl: 
Way ; and I am perfwaded this Houfe will never confent to 
any Thing that may prevent the one, and intercept the other, 

* I cannot entertain fo unworthy a Thought of this 
lioufe, that any Gentleman in it would at tins Time, in- 
direct Terms, be for perpetuating tbemfelves ; yet if diey 
confimt to this Bill, I fliall reckon they are doing it ; for 
tho' it only prolongs this Parliament for feven Years, I can-^ 
not doubt but her^ter there will be another for continuing 
it longer ; becaufe, before the End of this Term, the Rea* 
fons wiU probably be ftronger for it, than they are now 9 
Neither can I imagine that Gentlemen are afraid to truib 
the Peoples Choice again : Do they think that the great aiidf 
memorable Things this Parliament has done for the Service- 
and Benefit of their Country, will make them lefs accep- 
table to the People ? No one will (ay fo ; and then 1 fee no 
Reafon why they fliould be for making this Alteration im> 
our Laws and Conflitution, which will certainly have a very 
illEffea upon the Minds of the People : For they 
rpady to fay, and with Reafon, that after the Expiration of 
cbs ^^e Yearsi you are no longer their Reprcfentativcs, 
N z beca^l^ 

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4in»i.0ce.L btcaafe they clioic yoa to (erve them no longer. With 
^^^^^^Ly great Sabmiffion I ipeak it, in my poor Opinion, King, 

irds, and Commons, can no more continue a Parliament 
beyond its natural Duration, than they can make a Parlia- 
ment. I know at extraordinary Jundlures, Conventions 
have been tum*d into Parliaments ; but it has been thought 
lidvifeable foon to determine them, and to pafs A^ in the 
JTubfequent legd Parliaments, to confirm what they have 
dxme. And I make no doubt, but if this Bill pailes into a 
Law, and this Parliament is continued more than three 
Years, there will be an A£t in the fuccceding Parliament to 
confirm whatever fhall be done after the three Years. There 
|8 an Inflance in your Statute-Book, where all the Ads of 
9 Parliament were declared void, and repeaPd, becaufe the 
Padiament was unlawfully fummon*d^ and the Members 
liotduly chofen. 

* I need not urge ferther, that the wifeft Governments 
^t have preferved a Face of Liberty, have never continued 
thofe long, with whom they have intruded the fupreme 

* That by this Bill, you have all the Mifchief of a loi^ 
Paiiiament, without any of the Good of a (hort one. 

* That a (binding Parliament and a (landing Army are 
convertible, and only neceflary to fupport one another. 

* And that there can be no Occafion for this Bill at this 
Time, becaufe this Parliament may have two more Seffions, 
if the King pleafes. 

« But as I have already taken up fo much of your Time, 
I ihall only add, that for the Reafons I have given, I am a- 
gainft committing this Bill. 

Thefe were the chief Arguments that were urg'd on 

either Side, for and againft the Bill i and upon the whole 

Matter it was refolv'd, by a Majority of 284 againft 162, 

that the Bill be committed to a Committee of the whole 


Petitioiwpwfenied * Jfril ^5. Two Petltipns againft the (aid fiill, one of 

^T^iSSA the Borough of Hor(ham, the other of We(tbury, were prc- 

fented to the Houfe and read : The laft of them was oi^ 

der'd to lie on the Table ; but the Houfe taking Oficncc 

at an Expreffion in that from Horiham, vi?. * That they 

• look'd upon it as an Overturning of the ConfBtution, and 

. * as an Infringement of their Liberties, * rejedcd their Pe- 

TcSStTS^ "tion. After this Mr Lechmere moved, and the Quefboa 

S"4^"1j"-" ^^5 propofed. That it be an InftrudUon to the Committee 

?iiiauneai. of the wholc Houfe, to whom the (aid Bill was committed, 

that they have Leave to receive a Claufe, to di(able Pcr- 

fons from being choic Mccibej^s pf ^ither |Ioufe? pf Parlia- 

" ' " in^i?f> 

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ment, who have Peiifions during neafbre, or any Number Aanot. go«.i. 
of Years : But General Stanhope having reprefented, that v^^^V>^ 
foch a Claufe would but dog the Bill, and endanger its Mif- 
carriage^ Part of it being derogatory to the Privileges of 
the Hode of Lords ; and that if any Jealoufy were enter- 
tained of the Members of the Houfe of Commons having 
Penfions from the Crown, a Bill might be brought in to ex- 
chde them; the previous Queftion being put, that the 
Queftion be now put, it paffed in the Negative. Then the 
Houfe, in a Grand Committee, of which Mr Hampden was 
Cliairman, went thro' the Bill, and direded it to be reported 
without any Amendment; which being done, the Houfe 
ordered it to be read the third Time the next Day. Afbr 
this General Stanhope moved, and it was ordered accord- 
li^y^ That Leave be given to bring in a Bill to di&ble 
any Perfon from being chofe a Member of, or fitting and 
voting in, the Houfe of Commons who has any Penfion ' 
daring Pleafure, or for any Number of Years, from the 
Crown ; and tl^t General Stanhope, Mr Craggs, and Mr 
Bofcawen, do prepare and bring in the fa^ne. 

April 26. Two P^itions againft the faid Bill, one of "**^^'^^? 
die Borough of Caerdiffe, the odier qf Petersfield, being pre- ^TtJ^^!3L 
fented to the Houfe, and read, were ordered to lie upon the 
Table. After which, the Bill was read a third Time, and 
upon Mr Hampden's Motion, the Queftion was put. That 
the Bill do pafe, which occafion'd a Debate that Med J^dSg^^f^f^?*^ 
about two Hours. Thofe who fpoke againft the Bill, were scptcnma^Biiu 
Mr Freeman, Mr Hungerford, Mr Wykes, and Lord Finch, mJISS?* 
who were feveraUy anfwer'd by Sir Richard Steele, Mr JJj ^^""^ 
Brfcawen, Sir William Xhompfon, Mr Erie, Mr Tufiiell, }^'iy'^^^, . 

in- ¥«.««* Sir Richard Steele 

and Sir John Brownlow. Mr Bofcawen. 

Mr Freeman and Mr Hungerford having, among other MrE^riLJ^°"^"' 
Things, infifted. That no fatisfaftory Anfwer had yet been sir John Brownlow. 
made, either as to the Truft repos'd in the Commons by 
their Principals, or as to the repealing the Triennial Aft 
Now, Mr Tufoell, Member for Maiden, made thereupon 
the following Speech. 

Mr Speaker, 

• I think the only Queftion before us is. Whether the Mr Tufndi** 
Triennial Ad, as it now ftands, or as it is proposed to be Speech for the Biu 
alter'd by this Bill, is likely to conduce moft to the Benefit 
of the Publick ? However, fmce in this Debate there has 
been a good deal faid of the Conftitution of Parliaments, I 
muft beg Leave to mention a Word or two on that Subjeft. 

*- That Parliaments were anciently to be held annually, 
appears by two Afts made, the one in the 4th, the other 
^ ^ 56th Qf E4ward IIL But th,Q' they were tovbe held 

' ' ■ ' " ginnuall^;^ 

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to a. Geo. I. ammally, or oftncr if Occaiion ihoald be, in order to rcmc- 
*'* dy the Grievances of the People, yet I can't find that there 

ever was any Time limited for Eledlions : But as the 
Crown had always the Power of diflblving, fo likewife of 
calling a Parliament whenever they thought fit. There was 
indeed a Triennial A61 made in the i6th of Charles I, Ta 
frevent the Inconveniences njubich mcvf arift hy the long Inter- 
miffiott of Parliaments j and* therefore it provided, * That 
* there fhould be a Seffion once in three Years j ' but by no 
Means limited any Time for the Duration of Parliaments. 
Thisv Ad was repealed in the i6th of Charles II, becaufe 
there were fome Provifions made in it, which were look*d 
upon as a Derogation to the Rights of the Crown. I be- 
lieve I may venture to fay, the firft Reflridtion which ever 
the Crown lay under, as to the Continuance of Parliaments, 
was in the 6th of William and Mary. Then fprang up the 
Triennial Law, which is the Subjedl of our prefent Debate ; 
and which, however well defign'd, was certainly an Inno- 
vation, 'till then unheard of. So that what is now offered in 
this Bill, is only, in fome Meafure^ t6 reinilate the Crown 
in that Power which it had always enjoy'd. And I can't 
but be furpriz'd, that thofe Gentlemen who have hitherto 
boailed themfelves to be the zealous Aflertors of the Preror 
gative of the Crown, fhould of a fudden be fo fond of a 
Law which undoubtedly is a very great Diminution of it, 
I hope I fhall not be mifunderftood, as if this were the only 
Reafon which induces me to approve of the prefent Bill : 
No, though I fhall always have a due Regard to the Pre- 
rogative, yet if I could imagine that this Bill would prove 
the lead Detriment to the Publick, the leafl Infringement 
of the Liberties of my Fellow-Subjedls, my Vote fhould 
never flatter any Crown, fo far, as to revive fuch a Pre- 

* The Defign of this Bill is only to enlarge the Time for 
the Continuance of Parliaments, by making them Septennial 
inflead of Triennial. Of the Law, as it now flands, we have 
already had the Experience about two and twenty Years ; and 
what Advantage have we gain'd ? Has it ever anfwer'd one 
fingle End for which it was intended ? On the contrary, has 
it not produced the mofl mifchievous Effedls ? What endlcf* 
Divifions has it created among Neighbours, Friends, nay, 
the oeareft Relations ? How has it ruin'd Gentlemen's Eftates, 
Made them not only Beggars, but Slaves to the very mean- 
^fl of the People ? What a Scene of Corruption has it every 
where introduced ? How has it debauch'd the Morals of the 
Ration ? Even the Adminiftration of Provincial Juftice, 
which has always been efteem'd the Glory of our Conftitution, 
has been infeftcd: And J wiih the Infedtion n^y have .^-each'd 

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no farther. Thcfe arc fome of the fiital Confeqaencet we ^^^-^^ 
have alrea4y experienced by this Triennial Law ; and thofe '^ 
alone, in my humble Opinion, would be fuffident Reafons 
for the Alteration of it. However, let us confider the pre- 
fent Circumftances of our Affairs. In order to it, let us a 
little look back to the Original of our Misfortunes : And are 
they not owing to that unreafonable Cry of the Danger of 
the Church, under the fpecioos Pretence of fuf^rting the 
Church of England, though manifelUy in Favour of that of 
Rome ? That unhappy Delufion, which has been fo induftri* 
ouily, fo malicioufly fpread, and fo fatally indulged ! Let us 
confider that unnatural, unprovoked Rebellion, which has 
fo lately rag*d among us i and that fuUen groundlefs Spirit 
of Diicontent which ilill lies murmuring in fo many traiter* 
ous BreafiSk And notwithflanding that Indifference, nay Con- 
tempt, with which I hear, the Argument of oar Alliances treat- 
ed by^ome Gentlemen, I muff own I cannot but think there 
ought to be a gbod deal of Strefs laid upon it : For how can 
we imagine, that any Foreign Powers will readily enter into 
any Treaties with us, for our Advantage, without fome Secu* 
ri^ that they (hall be made effe£bial, as long as our Govern- 
ment is fubjed to fuch a Fluftuation, an^ as it were Trien- 
nial ? Elpecially if it be con£derM in how (hameful and how 
ii^amous a Manner the Grand Alliance was broken ; the Faith 
of Treaties violated ; the Credit of this Nation funk ; its la- 
tere^ betray'd ; our ancient and bed Allies abandoned, and 
ill treated ; new ones fought for, and carefs'd, with no other 
Defign, but to make us a more eafy Prey to the Pretender ? 
Nay, have we not too juft Ground to fufped that this Caufe 
has aJl along been underhand fupported by thefe very Allies, 
the old inveterate Enemiesof our ConiHtution, who are al- 
ways envious of our Profperity, and only wait a fair Oppor- 
tunity to give us frefli Diilurbances ? And could their Vigi- 
lance^ their artful Management, and their Treafure, join'd 
with the unwearied Endeavours of a refUeis Fadion at Home» 
procure an Eledion in their Favour, what would be the Con- 
fequence, but to unloofe the Doors of your Prifons, to fee 
Traitors once more at the Head of your A^irs, to give them 
an Opportunity of re-a£ting their former unfinifh'd Scenes of 
Treachery, to make you a tributarv Province to France, aiad 
for ever compleat the Ruin of the4 Kingdoms ? To fee the 
Britiih Honour thus profUtated, the once Arbitreis of Eu- 
rope thus infultcd ; thefe Things, I iay, ought to raife in 
every Britiih Breaft a juft Refentment of the Injuries of his 
Country, After all, I am fenfible there have been feveral 
Ofajeftions made againft this fiill, which carry an Air of Po- 
poliuity with them ; yet which, upon Examination, miift i^ 
peir to be of no re^l Weightr I iball take Notice of bat 


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Anno£^Geo.L 006 or tMO of die moft confideiable» left I ihould ereQ>a(s too 
pS^^m,,,. for on yowr Indulgoice. It is* faid, oor Eledors cnofe us 
their lUprefentadves but for three Years, and that we can^t 
prolong the Term without betraying that Truft which they 
have rqpos'd in us. In Anfwer to which I muft defire Gen- 
demen to coaMer the Nature of the Writs of Summons, and^ 
the Returns to them : Is it not to coniiilt de Rebus arduis 
Regni ? and that they ihould have plenam & fufficiiiUm F«* 
iefiatem pro Je et Communitate Comttatus fnadiSi^ ^ pnedic^ 
torum Civium & Burgorum, dinjifim ab ipfis^ ad faciendum, 
fuod de communi Confilio ordinari eontigerit in Ft^tmiffit : I/m 
fuod pro diJeQu b^ufmodi Potiftath Negoiia pradi3a infiSn 
9on remaneant ? Nay, may not th^ lame Objedlion be made 
^ainft the repealing or altering ijxy Law in Force at the 
"nme of an Ele^on, and confequently defeat the very End 
for which a Parliament is chofen ? And I ihould be glad to 
know what particular Authority they were invefted witS, who 
made the Triennial Law, which was certainly a great Alte- 
zadon of the Conftitution ? There is another Thing which I 
find is very much initfted on, and that is, Suppofing this Bill 
were reafonable, yet why now, ? Becaufe 'tis now there'^s the 
moft Occafion for ij. Are we not every Day threatened with 
new Infurrediions, new Invafions ? And is it not the Profped 
of Succefs at the next Eledion, however ill-grounded, which 
ftiU keeps alive the Spirit of Jacobitifm ? 

* No Wonder then there are fuch Clamours raised without 
Doors againft this Bill, by the Enemies to our Government^ 
as well knowing that this muft prove its beft Security ; that 
it muft effedually defeat their Meafures ; that it muft ftrike 
^ the very Foundation of all their traiterous Deiigns ; and 
for ever blaft the Pretender's Hopes of rekindling the Flames 
of Rebellion. In ihort, I am fo entirely convinced, not only 
of the Reafonableneif, but of the abfolute Nece^ty of this 
SiU, in order to put an End to our unbaj^y Diviftons, to ftop 
that raging Deluge of Corruption which is fb univeHally 
fpread throughout the whole Nation, to make the Crown ^ 
<sUy <m his Majefty's Head, and perpetuate the Proteftant 
Succeffion in his Royal Family i and at the fame Time, that 
it is no ways prejudicial to thb Rights and Liberties of the 
&il;je£b of Great Britain ; diat how ill foever a Reommien- 
^tion it may be to any future ElefUon, if I can have but 
the Pleaiure to fee my Country fecur'd, to fee thefe Ble&gs 
fix'd upon a folid and lafting Foundation, and if i can have 
but the Honour to contribute the leaft Share towards fb glo* 
nous a Work, my Ambition will be Efficiently rewarded, tho* 
I ihould, by this Day's Vote, for ever after be excluded a 
Place in this Hoofe.' 


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The Lord Guernfey having, in the Cotufe o^ this Debate, Anno t,cie<kL 
aflfertcd, • That if a Man did not fall into aH the Mcafurcs J^^^^;^.^ 
of the Minifhy, and lap with them like the Men of Gideon, Lor^ ouctI^]^ 
he was inamediately Brow-beaten.' Mr Bofcawen anfwcr'd, MrBjfcawcn, 
' That that honourable Member was of another Opinion not 
many Weeks before ; fo that what he now faid muft proceed 
dther from Refentment or Difappointment.' Sir John 
Brownlow (aid, ' That for his own Fart, he neither expefted ^'"^' »n»''a^' 
nor looked for a Place : That he would not have been for 
tins Bill during the lall Miniftry, becaufe he was fure they 
would have made an ill Ufe of it, but that he was for it 
Now, becaufe he was fatisfied the prefent Minifters would not 
abafe it/ 

Upon the whole Matter the Queftion being put, That the ThcBuifor rmai* 
ffill do pafs, it was carry'd in the Affirmative by 264 Votes *^ i^"^'^ 
againft 121 ; and Mr Hampden was ordered to carry the H;»«iwr^ 
Ml back to the Lords. 

May 2. The Lords having fent down tq the Commons a 
Bill, intitled, j^n A& for allowing (f Counfel to all Perfons 
twbo Jhall be proceeded againft in parliament for any Crimes b!1i fent from the 
ifTreafiUf or Miffrifion of7reafon ; to which they delir*d the J^fJ^'«^*^fc ^ 
Concurrence of the Commons, the faid Bill ^ras read the ^tOt th^own'^t^ tbt 
Time ; and after fome Debate, the Queftion being put. That ^®°»°**«*- 
it be read a fccond Time, it pafs'd in the Negative. 

By this Bill Counfel for Prifoners, in Cafes of High Trea- 
foa, were to be permitted to fpeak to Matters of Fad as well 
as Points of Law. 

Nothing ' farther material happened in the Houfe^ during 
this Seffion ; but perhaps it may not be improper to take No- 
tice, that the King having refolv*d to vifit his German Do* 
minions ; and by the Adl of Setdetoient his Majefty being re- 
fbain^d from going out of the Kingdom, without Confent of J^? ^^ f^rtt 
Parliament, a Motion was made by Sir John Cope, and fe^ frompngout of 
tended by Mr Hamp<kn, for bringing in' a Bill to repeal ^^'«^*»"' '•* 
that Claufe of the faid Ad ; which Bill was accordingly 
brought in Nem, Con, and paft into a Law. 

June 7.6* The King went to the Houfe of Peers, and 
the Commons attending, his Majefty gave the Royal Aflent 
to fcveral publick and private Bilh ; after wMch the Lord 
Chancellor read the following Speech delivered into his Hands 
by his Majefty from the Throne. 

• My Lords and Gentlemen, 
" T Cannot put an End to this Seffion, without exprcfliftg King^s Speech at. 
" Itayoumy Sadsfadion in the Proceedings of this Par- J^^*""*^*^ 
•* liament. The wholefome and neceflary Laws which have 
" been pafe'd with fo much Steadinef^, Refolution, and Una- 
•• nimity, will, I truft in God, anfww thofc good Endi 

Vol. I O ' whi«h;r 

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" whichj it is evident, you have had in View, by defeating 
" the Dcfigns and reducing the Spirit of our Enemies, by 
** encouraging our Friends, and raifing the Credit and Re- 
" putation of the Nation Abroad to fuch a Degree, as that I 
" may reafonably expeft the Fruits of a fettled Government ; 
** cfpecially being fupported by a Parliament *zealous for the 
" Frofperity of their Country, and the Proteftant IntereH 
" of Europe. 

** I am confident my Condud hitherto, in fuppreffing the 
** Rebellion, and puniftiing thofe concerned in it, has been 
** fuch, as demonftrates that I defire rather to le£en tl^eir 
*' Numbers by reclaiming them, than by making Examples ; 
** but I am forry to find that the numerous Inftances of Mercy 
** which I have fhewn, have had no other Effed, than to en- 
** courage the Fadion of the Pretender, to renew their In- 
«* fults upon my Authority, and the Laws of the Kingdom^ 
" and even to afFedl, with the greateft Infolence, to diftin- 
** guifh themfelves from my good and faithful Subje£is, ading 
** with fuch Folly and Madnefs, as if they intended to con- 
** vince the World, that they are not to be reduced to Quiet 
*' and Submiffion to my Government, by fuch gentle Methods 
** as are moft agreeable to my own Inclinations. 
Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons, 

** I return you, in particular, my Thanks for the Supplies 
*• you have given-; which, although they fall fhort of the 
«* Sums you found neceiTary, and have voted, for the Ser - 
<« vice of the whole Year'; yet, by the Encouragement yea 
" have given to make them efFe£lual, may, I hope, be fb 
** manag'd as to carry on the current Service 'till another 
*.* Sefiion of Parliament. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

** I am very fenfible there are Matters of great Confe- 
** quence ftill depending before you ; but as they have hither- 
** to been poftpon'd, out of abfolute Neceffity, by interve- 
" ning Affairs of a more prefilng Nature and of the moft 
•' immediate Concern to the Peace and Safety of the Nation, 
«< I thought the Seafon of. the Year rcquir'd I fhould defer 
•* your farther Proceedings 'till the next Sefiion, rather 
•* than you Ihould be detained out of your refpedive Coun- 
** tries longer than could be confillent with your private 
<« Concerns. 

** I cannot doubt but that, during this Recefs, you will 
** all ufe your beft Endeavours to preferve the Peace of the 
" Kingdom, and to difcourage and fupprefs all Manner of 
*< Diforders, fince, as the firft Scene of the late Reoellion 
" was open'd and ufher'd in by Tumults and Riots, fo you 
" may be afTur'd, upon what Pretence foever they are rais'd, 
<« they can have no other Tendency, bm \q fupport the Spi-. 

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« rit of a Fa£lion, rcftlefi and unwcary'd in their Endca- Aniio».ceo.i. 
" votirs to renew the Rebellion, and tofubvert the Religion, s^y^^>^r\M 
•* Laws, and Liberties of tiieir Country. ArN^ 

" r^elign to make Ufe of the approaching Recefs, to viiit 
" my Dominions in Germany^ and to provide for the Peace 
" and Security of the Kingdom, during my Abfence, by 
*' coilllituting my beloved Son, the Prince of Wales, Guar- 
" diaJi of the Realm, and my Lieutenant within the fame. 

Then the Lord Chancellor, by his Majelly's Command, 
prorogued the Parliament to the 7th Day of Augull j after The PauUtmci^ 
which they were farther prorogued to the ?oth of Fcbru- ^'*'**'^* 
ary, 1716-17. 


In the Second Session of the 
Ftrfl Parliament of Ktng G'e o r o e L 

THE King came to theHoufe of Peers, on the 20th Annoj.ce»,L 
of February, and the Commons being fent for and *^* '^* 
attending, the Lord Chancellor read his Majeily> 
Speech, as follows : 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
" T Was in Hopes that the Succefs which it pleas'd God to ^J^ ^^cSii 
" jL give us, in defeating the late Rebellion, might have scSoiu ^ 
" fecur'd to the Nation, Peace, Plenty, and Tranquility. 

" My Endeavours have not been wanting, during your 
** Recefs, to improve the happy Profped whiqh was in View, 
" by entering into'fuch Negotiations as I judg'd moft condu- 
" cive to thofe good Ends ; ' and 'tis with Pleafure lean ac- 
" quaint you, that many Defefts in the Treaty of Utrecht^ 
" which \^ty nearly affeded the Trade, and even the Secu- 
" rity of thefe Kingdoms, have been remedied by fubfequenc 
** Conventions ; the happy Confequences of which have aI-» 
" ready very fenfibly appeared by the flourifhing Conditioai 
^' of our Trad# and Credit. 

" By the Affiance lately concluded with France and the. 
*^ States-General, we are foon to be eas'4 of all future Ap- 
** prehenfions from Dunkirk and Mardyke \ the Pretender- 
** is adually m oved beyond the Alps j his Adherents are 
Ji deprived of ;dl Hopes of Support and Countenance from 
O z. ^ " Fran<» i 

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Aww l^^^*^' " France ; and even the Affiftan^e of that Crown is ftipm 
'7« '7. . „ 1^^^^ ^^ ^g jj^ ^^^ ^^ Exigency. 

" It icem'd reafonable to expe^, that fuch a Situation of 
** Affairs at Home and Abroad ihould have recovered, from 
" their Delufion, all fuch of our Subjedls as had unhappily 
** been feduced by the Craft and Wickednefs of defperate 
" and ill-defigning Men, and thereby have afforded me the 
** Opportunity which I defir*d, of following the natural Bent 
♦* of my own Inclinations to Lenity, by opening this Seffion 
" with an Aft of Grace ; but fuch is the obftinateand invc- 
" terate Rancour of a FadUon amongft us, that it hatA again 
** prompted them to animate and ftir up foreign Powers, to 
" diflurb the Peace of their native Country : They will 
^* choofe rather to make Britain a Scene of Blood and Con- 
^* f ufion, and to venture even the putting this Kingdon^ un- 
♦* der a foreign Yoke, than give over their darling Defign of 
** impofing a Popifh Pretender. 

" I have order'd to be laid before you Copies of Liters 
*' which have pafs'd between the Swedifh Minifters on this 
♦* Occafion, which contain a certain Account of a projeAcd 
" Invafion 5 and I promife my felf, from your expericnc'd 
♦' Zeal and AfFeftion to myPerfon and, Government, that 
** you will come to fuch Refolutions as will enaUe me, by 
f' the Blefling of God, to defeat all the Defigns of our 
*^ Enemies againft us, 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons, 

*' I did hope the putting an End to the late Rebellion 
^* would have fo far fecur'd the, Peace and Tranquility of 
<* the Nation, that I might, confiftently with the Safety of 
** my People, have made a confiderable Redudion of the 
** Forces ; but the Preparations which are making from A- 
^' broad to invade us oblige me to ask fuch Supplies, as you 
" fhall find abfolutely neceflary for the Defence of the 
^* Kingdom. 
* " You are all fenfible of the infupportable Weight of the 
** National Debts, which the PubUck became engag'd for 
♦' from the Neceffity of the Times, the PrefTures of a long 
** and expenfiVe War, and the languifhing State of Publick 
" Credit ; but the Scene being now fo happily chang'd, if 
<* no new Difturbances (hall plunge us again into Streights 
^* and Difficulties, the general Expe£lation feems to require 
^* of you, that you fhould turn your Thoughts towards fome 
^ Method of extricating your felves, by kducing, by Dct 
^* grees, the Debts of the Nation. ' , 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

^* I have an entire Confidence in you, and have therefore 
^ nothing to ask, but that you would take fuch Meafures as 
i^ will bejk fecure your Rdigign and Jiberties : While you 

y prefeiTvc 

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^ prefenre thofe ineftimable B]ding$« I (hall fit eafy and (afe ahm 3. Geo. u 

* on my Throne, having no oAer View but the Happineis Vi^^Sfli^^ 
** and Profpcrity of my People. 

The Commons being returned to their Houfe, General Cen. sbahope layt 
Stanhope^ by his Majefty's Command, laid before them Co- o^ i^tJ?"!S 
pies of Letters which pafs*d between Count Gyllenborg, the ^^«S swcSS** 
Barcms Gortz and Sparre, and others, relating to the Defign 
of raifing a Rebellion in his Majefly^s Domimons, to be fup- 
ported by a Force from Sweden ; and the laid Copies were 
read in the Houfe : After which, Mr. Thomas Onflow moF*d JtP***^'* 
for an Addrefs of Thanks to his Majefty. He was Seconded ^xtiM^rr£^ 
by Sir John Brownlow, who faid, *That we had no need of sirjoimBnnr«io«. 
the King of Sweden to maintain the Engliih Liberties and 
fi^pport the Church of England.* This in Count Gyllen- 
borg^s and Baron Gortz's Letters, was hinted to be the Pre- 
tence of the intended Invafion. Mr. Huneerford took this y, HanaifiirtL 
Occafion to fay, * That he was forry to find that a Member 
he had in his Eye \meanii^ Mr, Robert fFalpoU,'\ was men* 
tion^d in thofe Letters ; but that he had the Honour to de- 
fend him formerly, and would be ready to do the like for 
the future.' 

FebruMj 21. The Commons made their Orders, and came 
to the Refolutions ufual at the opening of a new Seflion ; 
Then Mr. Tho. Onflow reported the Addrefs to his Majefty, 
which was read and agreed to by the Houfe; after which, 
they order'a, Nem, Con. that a Bill fliould be brought in to 
au^orize his Majefty to prohibit Commerce with Sweden, ABiUordefdtobe 
daring (uch Time as his Majefty fliould think it necefl!ary KSi?^^;;!^ ''"*" 
for the Safety and Peace of his Kingdom. A Member having ^i^ swedeiu 
mov'd foT declaring War againft Sweden, Gen. Stanhope 
faki ; * That it was Time enough to do that, if the King of 
Sweden refused to difown the Practices of hisMinifters.' 

February, 22. The Houfe prefented the following Ad- 
drefs to the King. 

Mod gracious Sovereign, 
* ^trOUR Majefty's dutiful and loyal Subjeas, the Com- ^^ comww 

* JL mons of Great Britain in Parliament aifembled, re- Addrci«. 
' turn your Majefty their humbleft Thanks for your moft 

* gracious Speech from the Throne. 

* Your Majefty 's fafe and happy Return into your King- 

* doms gave an univerfal Joy to all your People j and as the 

* prudent Adminiftration of the Government by his Royal 

* Highnefs jhe Prince of Wales, under your Majefty, did 

* in fome Degree make the Want of your Royal Prefence 

* more eafy to us, we beg Leave to congratulate your Ma- 
« Jeftjr u|)on th? Pcac^? 9^ Security that, during your Maje- 

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.Ged.L « fty's Abfence, was, by the great Care of his Royal 
Highnefs, preferv'd in the Kingdom, to the general Satis- 

* fadion of all your Subjedls. 

* We can never fufficiently acknowledge the repeated In- 

* fiances of your Majefty's Goodnefs, and unweary'd Con- 

* cern for the Welfare of your Kingdoms j we fee with Ad- 

* miration many of the fatal Dcfeds of the Treaty of 

* Utrecht, and the great Difadvantages that were imposed 

* upon this Nation, at the Head of a vidorious Army and 

* powerful Confederacy, happily remedied by your Majeily, 

* even in the Midft of intefUne Dangers and Troubles. Your 

* confummate Wifdom has renew'd thofe Alliances that were 

* bafely betrayed and diflblv'd, and concluded fuch new 

* Treaties as may render the Peace fafe and lafting ; and we 

* are at a Lofs to determine, . whether in future Ages the 

* fuffcringthe Demolition of the Port of Dunkirk to be ican- 

* daloufly evaded, will be a greater Reproach, or the pro- 

* curing the Dellrudlion of the Sluices of Mardyke a greater 

* Honour, to the Britifh Nation. 

* We cannot at the famfe Time, but with the higheft Kh- 

* fentment and Indignation, look upon the obftinate and 

* inveterate Rancour of thofe who are again endeavouring 

* to embroil their native Country in Blood and Confufion. 

* It is aftoniihing to finjl, that any, who call themfelves 

* Proteftarits, can be fo inflexible and reftlefs in their En- 

* deavours, to impofe upon us a Popifh Pretender; and 

* rather venture to fubjed the Kingdom to a foreign Yoke, 

* than depart from their darling and avow'd Deiign of alter- 

* ing and fubverting the prefent happy Eftablilhment in the 

* Proteftknt Succeflion. 

* W.e adore the* watchful Eye of Heaven, that has fo 

* wonderfully guarded and protected your facred Perfon, and 

* cannot too much extol the Wifdom and Vigilance that have 

* been us'd in fo early and feafonably difcovering this de- 
' fperate Attempt. And in order moft eiFeftually to defeat 

* if, your faithful Commons, with Hearts fincerely zealous 

* in the Caufe of their King and Country, affure your M;^ 

* jelly, that they will to the utmoft ftand by and fupport 

* your Majeily againft all your Enemies at Home and 

* Abroad, that Ihall in any Manner prefume to aid or abet 

* the Pretender to your Crown, and will moil chearfully 
' grant to your Majefty fuch Supplies as {hall be found ne- 

* cefTary for the Safety of your Royal Perfon, and the De- 
' fence of the Kingdom, 

* We are all but too fenfible of the unfupportable Weight 

* of the National Debts, and therefore will not negled to 

* apply our felves with all poffible Diligence and Attention, 

* to the great and necelTary Work of reducing and Icffen- 

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* ing, by Degrees, this heavy Burthen, which may prove Anno j. Geo. l' 

* the moft effedtual Means of preferving to the publick ^Jr^/^-^i^ 

* Funds a real and certain Security.' ^-^^^V^^»^ 

To this Addrefs, his Majefty gave the following Anfwer. 
Gentlemen, , 

" np^ H E Duty and Zeal which you exprefs, in this King's AnrwA- 
** X loyal Addrefs, to my Perfon and Government, 
" your affedionate Concern for the Welfare of y^ jr Coun- 
" try, your Promifes of an efFeftual Support againft all our 
" Enemies at Home and Abroad, and your Refolution of 
" applying your felves to eafe my People, by reducing gra- 
** dually the heavy Load of the publick Debts, deferve my 
** hearty Thanks. You fhall never have Caufc to repent of 
" the Confidence you repofe in me ; the Honour, Welfare, 
" and Profperity of the Nation being what I have chiefly * 

** at Heart." 

March 4. The Houfe met according to their Adjourn- Motion rdating to 
ment, when, in a Grand Committee on the Supply, it was ^^ L»nd-P«««*- 
mov'd to take into Confideration the Eftimates relating to Debate thereon, 
the Land- Forces 5 upon which. Sir Robert Davers, Mem- Jj^^'^'^^"- 
her for Suffolk, Mr Freeman, and Mr Hungerford endea- Mr u^^fyid. 
vour'd to get that Af^r put off to another Day, by moving 
that Mr Farrer, the Chair-man, Ihould leave the Chair. 
They alledg'd, * That the late Rebellion being happily fup- 
prefs'd, and the Swediih Confpiracy feafonablydifcover'd, 
there was Reafon to hope, that the Counties of England 
would foon be eas'd of the grievous Burthen of quartering ^ 
Soldiers ; but if it appeared, that the King of SwedeA per- 
fifted in his Defign to invade Great Britain, they would all 
readily give their Votes for keeping the prefent Forces oa 
Foot.' (a) Mr R. Walpole, (h) General Stanhope, Mr John ^u r. wa!por«i. 
Smidi, (f) Mr W. Pulteney, General Lumley, and feveral Mr^j.Slh'"' 
other Courtiers, on the contrary, urg'd the Neceffity of JJ^^;^^^^ 
taking fjpeedy and vigorous Refolutions in Relation to the 
Anny; and after a Debate that lafted i^ear two Hours, 
the Queftion being put. That the Chair-man leave the 
Chair, it was carry'd in the Negative, by a Majority of 
222 Voices againft 57. 

March 5. NJr Farrer, Member for Bedford, reported the 
Rcfolution^taken the Day before, in the grand Committee on 
the Supply ; which being agreed to, Mr R. Walpole mov'd, Mr R. WaipoJt 
and it was refolv'd, Nem, Con. That whofoever fhall ad- S^^eaxaxj"?^' 
?ance or lend any Sum, not exceeding 600,000 1. for the '^^if^^^ 

* Service 

(a; T\r^ J ml Cornnrffwer of the Treji''Hryy anS ChoiKtlUr of tbt Exchr' 
fwr. (b) Searetan f( 4^«« (c) Setrttary at Wat. 

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Debift thereon. 

Mr Walpolc. 


( 112 ) 

Service of the Publick by Sea or Land, fhall be repaid the 
fame with Intereft, at 4 1. fer Cent, out of the firft Aid to 
be granted this Seffion of Parliament. The putting the In- 
tereli of this intended Loan fo low as 4 1. ^r Cent, gave 
Reafon to furmize, that thofe, who had the Management 
of his Majefty's Treafury, defign^d to put on the fame Foot 
the Interefb of all pubUck Funds : Whereupon Mr Lech- 
mere took Notice, ' That feveral Schemes and Propoials for 
reducing the National Debts had been printed and di^rs^d^ 
which gave the Perfons concerned in the publick Securities 
the greater Uneaiinefs, in that there was Reafon to appre'^ 
hend» that thofe Schemes came abroad with the Privity 
and Countenance of Men in great Places : That the general 
Alarm which this had occafion*d among the moneyed Men, 
might very fenfibly affect publick Credit, and be, at this 
Jundure, of. very dangerous Confequence : To prevent 
which, he thought it neceflary, to move. That the Houfe 
would come to a Refolution, elFedually to make good all 
Parliamentary Engagements.* To this Mr Robert Walpole, 
immediately anfwer'd, * That his Majefty having, with 
great Tendemefs, recommended to them from the Throne, 
tiie reducing, by Degrees, the Debts of the Nation ; and the 
Commons having afterwuds in their Addrefs to his Ma- 
jefty, promised to apply themfelves, with all poflible Dili- 
gence and Attention, to that great and neceflary Work, 
they ought to exert themfelves to make good that Promife, 
and appoint a Day to take that important Matter into C<m- 
{[deration : And he did not doubt but the Commons would 
then fhew all poflible Regard to Juftice and publick Faith. 
He own'd, there had been, indeed, feveral Schemes pub- 
li(h*d, relating to the Redudion of the national Debts, but 
that they were made by private Perfons, and, he did alTure 
the Houfe, without the Participation of any of his Maje- 
fty's Minifters, and therefore they were not to be regarded ; 
but that in a (hort Time, fuch Propofals would be laid be^ 
ibre the Houfe, as, he hop'd, would give them Satisfa£Uon, 
and meet with dieir Approbation ; therefore he mov'd. That 
Mr. Lechmere*s Motion might be thus alter'd, viz. That 
this Houfe will effcftually make good the Deficiencies of all 
Parliamentary Engagements.* This after a fliort Debate^ 
was carry'd in the Affirmative, Nem, Con. But^Wention being 
made of the great Services done by the Bank of England, 
and thofe, who by their Money had fupported the Court In- 
tereft and the prefent Eftabliftmxent, Mr. Aiflabie, * took 
Notice ofthe Management of fome Direftorsof the Bank,* 
who, upon the alluring Profpedof Gain, were as ready to fnp- 

• '^eafurtr tf tie ^Cwy. 

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( tl3 ) 
•port the late Mhiiftry. On the other Hahd, a Courtier Anno ,. gw. k 
having dcRr'd any Body to charge any Breach of publick %^^^^\l!^s,^ 
Faith, or of the Laws, on the Adminiftmion, iince his Maje- ^^^^ 
fty's hap^ Acceffion to the Throne, Mr. Hungerford faid, ^ HangBrfofd. 
« That thisput him in Mind of a Coronation, when^thc King's 
Champion, coming into Weftminfter-Hal], thrown down one 
of his Glovts to make the Challenge, bat that he never few 
any Body^ fo bold as to take it up. 

Mm^cb 8. While the Houfe was in a Committee on the ^ j- , ^^ 
Soj^y, Mr. Lechmere, told them, * That he was forry he NotkeiSfSiy 
fbtad himfelf obli^d to take Notice, that their late Vote for fSSSbM*^^ 
aLoan, at 4 /. /jrr Cent. Intcrcft, was like to prove ineiFcdu- ^cS?"*** 
al, diere not being in three Days Time above 45,000 1. fub- 
iarib'd to the Loan of 600,000 1. on the Land-Tax. And 
therefore fincc thepreient Exigency required a fpeedy Supply^ 
l« thought it fieceflkry, and therefore mov'd. That a Day 
beappoiitted to confider ferther of that Matter. * Mr. Robert ^ j^ waipoie. 
Wa^lc feconded this Motion, and faid, That there was the 
greater Neceffity for it, becaufe he was informM, that fome 
Stock-jobbers, in order to deter the Parliament from pnrfu* 
ia% the Defign of reducing the publick Debts, had fonta'd a 
Combination to diftreft the Government, and ruin publick 
Credit which was the Occafion that the late Vote for bor-i 
iDwii^ 600,000 1. at 4 /. per Ctni. had not had the deiired 
EflSea.' To this Mr. Lechmere aniwer'd, * That as none but Mr techmeie. 
the moft wicked of Men couM ehter into fuch a Combination 
i^;ainft the Good of their Country, fothe honourable Mem^ 
ber, who (poke laft, would do well to name them, that the 
Houfe might fhew the utmoft Refentment and Indignation 
againft them. Bat that, in his Opinion, the ill Succefs of 
& Loan was rather mainly occafionM by fome Refiediions 
on the money'd Men and Stock-jobbers, and by certain Max« 
iffls lately advanced, viz. That the Parliament may exert 
their Authority to extricate themfelves, by reducing the Na- 
tional Debts ; that fuch Maxims could not but alarm the 
Pcrfon^ concerned in the puWick Securitiesj and the more, 
when they fawthat a Slur had been putupon 'the Motionmade 
three Days before, * That all Parliamentary £ng^ement» 
fhoold efl^sdoaUy be made good. That he ftiU thought fuch 
a Vote abfolutely neceflary, both to remove Peoples Fears 
and ][ealoafies, and to vindicate the Honour and Juftice of 
the Nation ; that the fame was entirely agreeable to his Ma^ 
je^*s Sentiments, who, in his firft Speech to this Parliament^ 
had been pleased to recommend to the Commons, in a par- 
ticular Mumer, the ftrid Obfervance of all Parlianientary 
Engagements, than which nothing could more contribute to 
the Support of the Credit of the Nation ; with which Opini- 
on of his Majefty the Commons did entirely concurs and - 
Vol. h P 

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> * 

Aaoo sIGeo. L 

Mr R. Walpole. 


< «H ) 
thathecoald notbdieve^ that any of his Migefty^s Mini- 
fters could be fo regardlefs of his Honour smd. known £- 
quity, or put fo hard a Thing upon him, as to make him, 
in the leaft, contradidt what he had in fo iolernn a Manner 
declared from the Throne. He added^ That the Commons 
having already appointed a Day, to confider of the Stale of 
the Nation, with delation to the publick Debts, he wouH 
not anticipate that important AfBiir : But he could not for> 
bear declaring on this Occaiion his private Opinion, That 
itvi'ould be the greateft Ingratitude, as well as Injuftice, in tH^ 
leaft to wroiig thofe who had fupported the Government in 
the moft preffing Exigencies and perilous Juq^ures,- and, on 
all Occafions, fhewn their Zeal and AfFeaion for the Pro- 
teftant Succeffion. That he had nothing to fay, as to inch 
publick Securities as were redeemable by Parliament s but,as 
to Annuities granted for Terms of Years, he would be po- 
fitive, that they could not be meddled with, Mathout break- 
ing in upon Parliamentary Engagements, and violating the 
piS)lick Faith ; fmce thofe Annuities were not to be l<x>k'd 
upon as Debts, but as a Sale of Annual Rents for a valuable 
Confideration, of which Contrad the Parliament had pro- 
posed and made the Terms and Conditions, and the Rentees 
became Purchafers upon the Parliamentary Faith and Secu- 
rity. And that, befides the InjufUce of breaking throi^ha j 
National Contra6l, thofe Annuities could not be tondi'd, 
without occaiioning great Q)nfufion and Difputes in private 
Families, by Reafon that moft of the faid Annuities had been 
fettled for Portions, Joyntures, and the like.' Then Mr Wal- 
pole, in Ahfwer to this, declared, .^ That there never had been 
a Defign to ufe any Compulfion with Relation to Annuities ; 
that, indeed, an Alternative might be offered to the Proprie? 
tors of them, but that it fhould be in their Choice either to 
accept or refufe it : And ais for fuch Funds as were redeema- 
ble, that nothing (hould be proposed that did not entirely 
confift with Juftice and publick Faith.* Mr. Aiflabie tooK 
alfo that Occafion to explain fooie Expreffions he usM, in the 
Debate of the 5th Inftant, in relation to the Bank of England, 
which had been conftru'd amifs ; owning, that they had fup- 
ported the Government in the moft difficult Exigencies ; 
and that, in his Opinion, if any Thing ought to remain un*> 
touched, it ihould be the Bank.' After a Debate of about 
two Hours, it was refolv^d to confider farther of the Suf^y, 
in a grand Committee, on the 1 3 th of March. . 

March 9. The Houfe agreed to the Reiblutions of the 
X)ommittee on the Supply, fo that the Money already votC<L 
amounted to above two Millions. 

Marth 23. It was ordered, That the Committee of the 
whole Houfe, to whom the LandrTax Bill is conmiitted,, 
' •. have. 

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( "5 ) 
have Power to receive a Claufc to transfer to the Regifter -^Ij^f*-^ 
appointed to be kept by the faid Aft, all the Loans which ^^/i^-v*"*^ 
have been made upon the Refolution of the Houfeon the cth The Commom 

T/i I (I'lv <■ •• f reioiTe to allow < !• 

Inftant, to be repaid with Intereft not exceeding 5 Lper ^Cnt. on the 
dnt, per Annum. On which laft Refolution, the whole Loai^ uJSi^^wXmi* 
of 600,000 1. was immediately filFd up. \ Jjj^^(jj.*°*" 

March 26. It was refolv'd to addrefs his Majefty, That fcrib»d. ^ 
the Treaties made with the Bifhop of Monfter and the Duke . 
of Saxc-Gotha, for putting fix Battalions of their Troops in- to^thTBiflio^ 
to his Majefty's Service, might be laid before the Houfe : ^^^^Si?** 
According to Which Addreis General Stanhope, two Days Troop*. . 
after, prefented to the Houfe the faid Treaties, with Tranfla- 
tions of the fame. It was generally fuppos*d, that thefe 
Treaties were caird Tor with a Deiign to find Fault with 
them, and to bring a Cenfure upon fome Geraian Miniilers^ 
who had been employed in thofe Tranfadions : But a Motion 
being made the next Day, and the Queftion put. That an 
Addrefs be prefented to his Majefty, TKat he will be pleas'd 
to give Diredtions, that the Inftrudions given to his Majefty'$ 
Minifters, who tranfaded the Treaties for taking four Batta* 
lions of the Biftiop Of Munfter's Troops, and two Battalions 
of the Duke of Saxe-Gotha's Troops into his Majefty 's Pay, 
to fupply /the Place of fuch as, during the late Rebellion, 
(hould be drawn from the Garrifons or the States General of 
the United Provinces to affift his Majefty, may be laid be^ 
fore this Houfe, it pafs'd in the Negative by 165 Votes * 

againft 38. 

April 3 . Gen. Stanhope delivered to the Houfe the follow* 
ing Meifage from the King. 

G E O R G E R. 

" LI IS Majefty being defirous, above all Things, not JgSfSSiS^ 

•« XT only to fecure his Kingdoms againft the prefent ^wedUh Liy*. 

" Danger, with which they are thrcatcnM from Sweden, 

" bat likewife to prevent, as far as is poflible, the like Ap- 

•* preheniions for the future, thinks it neceflary that fuch 

" Meafurcs ftiould be early concerted with other Princes 

*' and States, as may conduce moft effedually to this End. 

«* And as this may require fome Expence, his Majefty 
** hopes that his Commons will, by their Afliftance at this 
** Jundlure, enable him to make good fuch Engagements as 
** may eafe his People of all future Charge and Apprehen- 
'' fions upon this Account. 

The Confidcration of this Mcflage was put off to the 
next Day. 

April ^. General Stanhope mov'd. That a Supply be cen. sianho^^ 
panted to enable his Majefty to concert fuch Meafures with ^y^^i^Jit^^ 
Foreign Princes and States, as may prevent any Charge or count. 
P 2 Apprc* 

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Debate thereon. 

Ut Shippen. 

Mr Hun^etford. 

Oen. Sumhope. 

( 11$ > 

Apprehcnfions from the Defigns of Sweden for the future. 
* He urg'd the Advantage andSecurity th^t would redound to 
the Nation, by enabling his Majefty to reduce the King of 
Sweden ; and what Confidence they ought to repofe in the 
King's Honour, Wifdom, and Oeconomy in the Manage- 
ment of what Money fhould be thought neceflary for that 
Service.* Hereupon Mr Shippen faid, * That it was a great 
Misfortune, that fo wife and fo excellent a Prince as his Ma- 
jefty, was as little acquainted with the Ufagfc and Forms of 
Farliamei^tary Proceedii^s, as with the jGingu^ of our 
Country ; That if he had known either, he would not have 
fent fuch a Meffage, which, he was fure, w»s unparliamen- 
tary and unprecedented ; and therefore 'twas his Opinion, 
That it was penn'd by fome Foreign Miftifter, and then tran- 
flated into Englifh ; That fmce the King's Acceffion to the 
Throne, there had been many Reflections caft,in that Houfe^ 
' upon the late Miniftry, as if they had betray'd the Intereft 
of/ their Country : That, on the qontrary, they had often 
b^en tol(f, that his A^jefty had retrieved the Honour and Re- 
putation of the Nation j the EfFeds of which had sdready 
appeared in the flouriftung Condition of our Trade : That 
after all this, he could not but be very much furpriz'd to find 
a Motion made for a Supply of Money, to enable his Majefty. 
to enter into new Meafures, to fecure his Kingdom againft 
any future Apprehenfions from the Swedes : That the Ne- 
ce0ity that was urg'd Tor this, fe^ro'd to be incpnfiftent with 
the Accounts of thofe glorious Advantages his Majefty had 
obtained for. us : And he could not help being of Opinion, 
That if the new Alliances and Meafures to be concerted, 
vi^ere fuch as were to be obtain'd purely by the Force of our 
Money, tjiat ever the flappinefs or the Security of the Na^ 
tion could be the Confequehce of fuch Counfels; for, when- 
ever Foreigners come to tafte the Sweetnefs of Englifh Mo- 
ney, we might depend upon it, that their Adherence to our 
Jntereft would laft no longer than we continu'd to fii^Jj^y their 
Neceflities.' Mr Hungerford, who feconded Mr Shippen, 
faid,. * That for his Part, he could not underftand what Oc- 
cafion there was for new Alliances, much jefs that they 
fliould be purchas'd with Money : That it muft needs be 
very furprizing to the whole World, that a Nation, not long 
- ago the Terror of France and Spain, fhould now feem to fear 
fo inconfiderable an Enemy as the King of Sweden ; efpcd- 
ally when we had fo good a Fleet jat Sea, and fo great an Ar- 
my on Lapd.' Some other Speeches were made on the fame 
Side, which gave Gen. Stanhope Occafion tp fay, * That he 
was forry to find Gentlemen grow fo wai^ ihx)|i a Subjed 
of this Nature : That the King was a Prince of that Integrity 
tod Honoui*, and h^d already given fu^h conYiac^ig; Proo^ 

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( 117 ) 
of hb tender Care for the true Intercft of the Nation, th&t amo |. dee^ l 
they might entirely depend upon his Wiftiom in this Matter; c^iTJl^^ 
and therefore he was of Opinion, that none would refofe ^■'^^V^^^ 
Compliance with this Mei&ge, but fuch as either were not 
die King^s Friends, or who diibnifted the Honefty of his 
Miniilers.^ This gave Offence to feverai^ Members ; and Mr 
Law^n, Knight of the Shire for Cumberland, reply'd there- Mr Uwfbn. 
upon, * That he was very much furpriz'd to find fuch un- 
guarded Expreffions fall from that v^rthy and honourable 
Gentleman, for whom, he was fure, the whole Houfe had 
a very^ great Regard ; but fince he had thought fit to fpeak 
fp openly, he hop'd he might be welljuftify'd in faying. 
That if every Member of this Houfe, that us'd Freedom of 
Speech on any Subjed of Debate, mufi be accounted an £ne^ 
my to the King, whan he happens not to £dl in with his Mi- 
nifters, he knew no Service they were capable of doing for 
their Country in that Houfe ; and tl^erefore it was his Opi- 
nion, That they had nothing elfe to do, but to retire to their 
Coantry-Seats, and leave the King and his Minillers to take 
what they pleas'd.' Mr Bofcawen, Sir Gilbert Hcathcote, SJfoSiljSSMte. 
Mr * Horatio Walpole, and fome other Gentlemen, back*d MrRWajpoic 
Gen. Stanhope's Motion; but Mr Grimftone, and iomt Mr Gamitwu 
other Courtiers, fpoke on this Occafion on the contrary Side, 
However, it was mov'd, and refolv'd. That the Houfe 
wpuld, npon the Monday Morning next, refolve it felf into 
a Committee of the whole Houfe, to confider of Gen. Stan- 
hope's Motion for a Supply. Af^er this it was aifo refolv'd. 
To addreis his Majcffy, that the Treaty made between the 
late King William and the prefent King of Sweden, be laid ^ 
b^ore the Houfe. ' 

jfyrii€. Purfuant to the above Addrefs, Gen. Stanhope 
laid before the Houfe a Copy of the iaid Treaty. 

Jfrii ^. The Commons went into a Committee of the 
whole Houfe, to confider of the Motion of the 4th Inflant, 
for a Supply to be granted to his Majefty, againft the De- 
%ns of Sweden for the future ; for the Neceffity of which. 
General Stanhope alledg'd feveral Reafons, and was fecond- S^cra^T* 
edby Mr Craggs, Jun, Mr Bofcawen, Mr Aiflabie, and JJfJj^^'** 
feveral others. On the other Side, Mr Shijppen, Mr Hun- ^^^ 
gerford, Mr Hutchefon, the Lord Guernfey, Mr Heme, mJ Hu^Jforrf:: 
Member for Dartmouth, Mr Ward, and fome others, uig'd, |!!?r?SS^. 
* That it was unparliamentary to grant a Supply before the Jjj ^"«; 
Qccafion was known, and an Eftimate of the Expence was 
kid before the Houfe : 7*hat the King's Meflage about this 
; ^fatter, was fo unprecedented, that his Majefty^s Miniflert 
fe^'d to be divided about it; a%d that '(was a great Mif- 

' f Sfcr^ary to ikt Iff 4"^* 

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Ibrtone fnch Divifions ihould happen among the MinUhy, 
for then a Parliament cannot have a true Information of 
Things : That they could not eafily apprehend what Occa* 
fion diere was to nmke new Alliances/ iince we had a 
itanding Army in Great Britain, and a confiderable Fleet at 
Sea, which fufficiently fecur'd hisMajefty's Kingdoms againft 
any Danger from Sweden : That if we defign'd to make 
an ofieniive War againft that Crown, why did we not (end 
Part of our Forces on BoaM our Fleet ? Efpecially, fince we 
were now fecure at Home, both by the Suppreflion of the 
late Rebellion, and by the Conclufion of the Triple Alli- 
ance, which the R^nt of France had begun' feithfully to 
perform, by caufing the Pretendei* to pafs the Alps. How- 
ever, if the Court infixed on the Neceffity of ientering into 
new Engagements againft Sweden, th«y thought it proper 
to addrefs his Majefty, to acquaint the Houfe with the Na- 
ture of thofe Engagements, and the Sum that was requifite 

Ceo. stanhope, to make them goal.' To this. General Stanhope anfver'd, 
* That the Difcovery of the late Con^iracy, carry'd on by 
the Swedifli Minifters, in Conjunftion with the difcontented 
Party at Home, fufficiently evinc'd the Neceffity of a {land- 
ing Army in Great Britain: That the Treaty of Triple 
Alliance feem'd, indeed, to fecure us ag^nft any Danger 
on the Part of France ; but that it was to be obferv'd, t£at 
the faid Treaty had met with fo great Ch>pofition at the 
French Court, that had not the Regent ftickled flrenuoudy 
for it, it would have infallibly mifcarry'd ; and tho^ hitherto 
we had all the Reafon imaginable to commend the Honefly 
and Candour of that Prince ; yet, in good Policy, we ought 
not to depend on that Treaty any longer than it iball be 
the Intereft of France to obferve it. And as to the Motion 
for the Addrefs, He added. That it would be injurious 
to the King's Prerogative of entering into fuch Alliances as 
his Majefty thinks neceilkry for thp Good and Security of 
his Dominions, without communicating the f^ne to his 
Parliament : Which Prerogative was grounded on very good 
Reafons ; for if the Crown was oblig'd to impart the Se- 
cret of Affairs to fo great a Number of Perfons, the moft 

sirGiib.Hcathcote. ^"^P^^^t^t Negotiations muft thereby mifcarry.' Sir Gilbert 
' Heathcote, an Alderman ,of London, mention'd the great 
LoiTes and Damages which the Britifh Subjefts had fuftain'd 
by their Ships being madePrizes, andconfifcated in Sweden ; 
and obferv'd. That the King of Sweden having feveral 
Times refufed to make Satisf^lion ; and, on the Contrary, 
his Minifters having endeavourM to raife a new Rebellion 
in his Majefty's Dominions, there was Ground to declare 

Mr Gould. War againft him.' To this, Mr Gould, Member for Shore- 

ham, reply'd, * Tha,t the P^tich having fuft^in'd as great 


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Lofies by the Swedes, thev had an equal Cdncem with Anno 3^. Geo. i. 
Great Britain to declare War againU them ; and therefore ^>-yrx»^ 
it would be proper, before the Houfe proceoled Hirther, to 
o^age Holland, in the firit Place, to prohibit all Commerce 
with Sweden, as we had done.' Hereupon General Stanhope ^^ stanfcopc. 
&id, * That he made no doubt, but the StatesrGeoeral would 
readily C(»ne into any Meafures that fhould appear neceflary 
for the Good and Intereft of both Nations in general, and 
to obtain Satisfiidion for the late Depredations of the Swedes 
in particular: That their High-Miehtinei&s had lately 
^ren ^nal Inftances of their iinn Adherence to the Crown 
of Great Britain, in caufing the Swedish Minivers to be 
feiz^d in their Dominions, upon his Majefty's Defire ; but 
that the Form and Conflitution of their Government, an4 
^e Good of their Subjeds, who moftly fubfiil by Trade, 
did not permit them to take fuch vigorous and fpeedy Refo- 
lutions as could be wifh'd; and therefore it w6uld not 
be &ir to cxad the iame from them, ' Mr ^ggs, ^ ^^"'^ 
preis'd the Neceffity of making new Alliances againfPSwe* 
den, from the late doubtful Condud of a Northern Poten- 
tate, [meaning the Czar if Mu/covji] who, hy his Inadivity 
ngjahA Sweden, and the Poft fome of his Troops had taken, 
gave great Umbrage to the Empire. Mr R. Walpdc, Sk Jf^ J^^;}?^ 
Edward Northey (tf), and Lord Molefworth, fpoke alfo on i^rdMdiefwonh.* 
the fame Sidej Sir William Thompfon(^) in particular, sir w. xhompfoa. 
mg'd, * What would the World think of this Parliament, if 
they fhould refufe to fupply the King at this Exigency ? On 
die other Hand, MrCompton (the Speaker) and Mr Smith (r ), •^^EKT^''** 
iaid, ' That they were not againft the Supply, but againft the Mi j. smi'uu 
demandii^ and granting of it in fuch an unparliamentary 
Manner ; and Mr Speaker prc^pos'd. That P^ of the Army 
fhould be difbapded, and the Money, .thereby fav'd, a|^y*d 
towards the making good fuch new Engagements as were 
thot^ht neceflary to be entered into ; but Laeiltenant Gene- 
ral Mordaunt, and fome others, urg'd how unfafe and im- ^^ Mordauou 
pditick it would be at this Jundure to difband any of the 
Troops. Mr George Cafwall faid, * That for his own Part; Mr Caiwau. 
he h^ rather pay others for fighting than fight himfelf: 
That he thought it more advantageous for Great Britain to 
cairy the War abroad, and enjoy Peace at Home, in order 
to improve our Trade, and reduce our publick Debts ; and 
that, as the employing Foreigners againft Sweden, would 
be a -fiir le6 Expence than national Troops, he therefore 
was for complying with his Majefty's Mei&ge. At lafl, 
about five in the Afternoon, the Queftion being put, upon 


(aj Attorney Gtneral (b) SoUicitor Gentrah (c) Ofie of the TeUirrs tf 
th txchequer* . ^ 

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Avac 3. Geo. L 


Mr Shippen. 
Mr Huoeerfbrd. 
Mr Hutchelbn. 
Mr J. Smith. 

Cen. Stanhope. 
MrR Walpole. 
Mr Bailie. . 
MrBampden. ^ 

Ifr CtHsptoiu 

Mr Hampikn. 

The Motko for a 
Supply afiainft 
Sweden, agreed to. 

mefenM a Bill 
Fbr mUtmr^ At 
Dtttits m Hmtfet^ 
&c. And acquaints 
the Honfe with hla 
haringrefis'^M hit 

( lio ) 

tJie Modmi for a ^tq^ly, the fame was carry'd in the 
Affirmative, by 164 againft 149. 

Jpri/ 9. Mr Farrer reported the faid Refolution to the 
Hoafe, upon which there arofe a freih, but ihort Debate : 
Mr Shippen^ Mr Hungerford, Mr Hatchefon, Mr Smith, 
Mr Heme/ and others, infifted again on the Unparliamen- 
tarinefs of a(king and granting Supplies without an Eftimate 
of the Expence ; and proposed, either to prefent aii AddreTs 
to the King, to affiire him, That the Houfe would efFedlually 
make good all the Engagements his Majeily fhould think pro- 
per- to enter into ; or that his Majefly be deftr'd to difband 
Part of the Army, and apply the Savings towards the new 
Alliances. Both thefe E?q)edients were oppos'd by General 
Stanhope, Mr R. Walpole, Mr Hor. Walpole, Mr * Bailie, 
and Mr Hampden ; the laft of whom in particular, in 
Anfwer to what was fuggefled. That this Manner of asking 
and granting Supplies, was unparliamentary and unprece^ 
dented, faid, * That he remembei'd about ten or eleven Years 
before, a Great Man in that Houfe Imeaniiig Mr. Compton 
the Speaier] made a Motion for allowing and «• providing for 
about 900,000 L which the Government had expended, with* 
but laying any Eftimate before the Commons. To this, 
Mr. Speaker faid, * He wondered that Gendeman would bring 
in as a Precedent, a Bufinefs that was tranfaded fo many 
Years ago, and which was not parallel to the prefent Cafe.' 
Whereupon Mr. Hampden reply 'd, * That Jie did not there- 
by intend to refledl upon Mr. Speaker, fmce he had the Hon- 
our to vote with hihi upon that Occadon.'* After this the 
Refolution for granting a Supply to his Majeily, to concert 
fuch Meafures with Foreign Princes and States, as may pre- 
vent any Charge or Appreheniions from the Defigns of Swe- 
den for the future^ was agreed to, though by a Majority only 
of i53againfl 149. 

This Point being fo hard run, was 'generally fuppos'd to 
be owing to a Party in the Houfe, which were (aid to "be 
nnder the Influence of the Lord Townfhend ; Hereupon that 
very Evening his Majefly order'd his Lordfhip to be remov'd 
from the Poft of Lord Lieutenant of Ireland ; and the next 
Morning Mr. Robert Walpole, Mr. Methuen and Mr. Will. 
Pulteney refign'd their Places. 

^ JpH/ 10. Mr. Robert ^Valpole prefented to the Houfe, 
according to Order, J Bill fir rtdtemng the Duties on Hoi^/ei^ 
l^e, .Upon the bringing in of this BiS, Mr. Walpole gave 
the Houfe a Hint of his having refign'd his Places, by fay- 
ing,, That he now prefented that Bill as a Country Gentle- 
man ; but he hop'd it would not fare the worfe for having 

* MMit One tf the dmrniStopers if iJjeljreapiry w ibis Sejfm 

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f X2I ) 

two Fathers ) and that his SqcceiTor would take care to bring Aantf i. 6eo. t 
it to Perfeaion.' cv^^^irs^ 

J^iJ 1 2, The Commons went into a Conunittee of thc^^ v^Ni< 
whole Hoiifej to confider of the Supply granted to his Maje- 
lly ; and Gen. Stanhope f having- made a Motion for ^"'A^**** ». 
granting to his Majefty the Sum of 250,000 1. to enable him S te"r2ifcS*Su»<i 
to concert Meafures againll Sweden ; there was for a Minute ^nf *^*^ ^"^ 
or two a great Silence in the Houfe. Mr Pulteney, who jy^^^^ thereon, 
broke it firll, exprefs*d his Surprize at it j and added, * That j^ ^ p^ 
as for his Part, he had- not yet faid any Thing to this Matter, wLacquaSS^e 
becaufe he thought it incojififtent with Decency to oppofea "^^^^-IfiS' 
Motion that came from the Court, while he had the Honour ^^** 
to be his Majelly's immediatcf Servant ; but that having re- 
fign'd his Place, that he might aft with the Freedom becom- 
ing an Englifhman, he could not forbear declaring againfl 
the granting, a Supply, in a Manner altogether unparliamen- 
tary and unprecedented : That he could not perfuade him- 
fc^, that any Engliihman advis'd his MajeHy to fend fucK 
a^Meflaee ; but he doubted not, but the Refolutions of a 
Britilh Parliament would make a German Miniftry tremble.* 
He was fecon4ed by the Lord Finch, who even found Fault ^^-^ ^^^"^ 
\^ fom^ Steps that had been taken in Relation to the Af-- 
fairs of the Northern Alliance ; and faid, * That it appeared 
hy the Memorial prefented by the Ruffian Minifter, and by 
the Anfwer return'd, that fuch Meafures had been purfu'd arf 
were like to engage us in a Quarrel with the Czar.' Upon 
tHis Gen. Stanhope ipokc in Vindication of the King and hi» <^n» stanhop* 
Mjnillcrsi in Relation both to the Czar and the King of Swc- 
doL With Refpea to the firft. He faid, * That he had hi- 
therto been obliged to be filent ; but tliat he was now at Li- 
berty to fbt this Matter in a clear Light, and to acquaint 
the Houfe, That tke Coldnefs which appeared of late between 
the King and the Czar, proceeded frpm his Majefty's refu- 
fing to become Guarantee, of his Czarifh Majefty'sConquefts j 
a^d from his Majeily's foliciting the Czar to withdraw hi$ 
Troops from the Dutchy of Mecklemburg : That as to the 
firiofthofeMatters^ his Majefty's Conduft deferv'd the Ap* 
pbufe and the Thanks of a Britifti Parliament, fince it ap- 
peared thereby, that his Majefty was tender not to engage 
the Nation in Foreign Quarrels : That this, indeed, had 
been his Majefty's principal Care, fince his happy Acceflioh 
to the Throne 5 and he * might aflure them, that Great Bri- 
tain was entirely free from any Engag^ents, and at Liberty 
to toUow fuck Meafures as beft fuit with her Intereft : That 
as for the Inftances which his Majefty has caus'd to be made 

Vol. I. . Q^ with 

t MmdefifiLl Cmwn$om f{ a?9 Treafiffy, Mnd,Chmu€^.9fibt E^ 

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( tit V 

with the Czar, and the Meafures he ma^ have concerted, to 
get the Ruffian Troops out of the Dutchy of Mecklemburg, 
his Majefty has aded in all this as Elector and Prince of the 
Empire : That he was per(waded, all the Gentlemen there 
would agree with him, that the King's Di|;nity, as King of 
Great Britain, was never underflood to tie up hk Hands 
with refpcdl to his Interefts in Germany, and a Prince of the 
Empire : But befides, he mufl defire Gentlemen to confider, 
That long before his Majefty's Acceffion to the Crown, 
Great Britain was in ftrift Union with the Emperor and Fjn- 
pire ; fo that if, by Virtue of ancient Alliances, the Empe- 
ror fhould require Great Britain to ufe thofe Inlbmces with 
the Czar, which the King has made only as Elector of Ha- 
nover, Great Britain could not avoid complying with his 
Requeft : That in Relation to Sweden, the King*s Condud 
was not only blamelefs and unfpotted, but worthy of the 
higheft Conmiendations : That in the late Queen's Time, 
Great Britain interpos'd to procure a Neutrality in the North, 
whereby (jhe King of Sweden might have prefetv'd his Pof- 
fcffions in the Empire : That the Regency at Stockholm 
agreed to this Overture j but that the King of Sweden re- 
jeded it with Haughtihefs and the utmoft Scorn, declaring, he 
would ufe thofe as his Enemies, who fhould pretend to impofe 
fuch a Neutrality upon him : That during the whole Courfe 
of that Negotiation, the King, then Eleftor of Hanover, 
ufed all friendly Offices in Favour of Sweden : That all this 
Jiaving prov'd inefFeftual, through the King of Sweden's Ob- 
ftinacy, and the King of Denmark having, by the Fortune 
of War, re-conquer'd the Dutchies of Bremen and Verden, 
his Majefty, as Ele6lor of Hanover, has purchased the fame 
with his own Money, for a valuable Confideration : That 
although it never was in his MajeHy's Thoughts to engage 
Great Britain in a War to fupport that Acquifition, yet, if 
Gentlemen would give themfelves the Trouble to call their 
Eyes upon the Map, to fee where Bremen and Verden lie, 
he hop'd they would not be indifferent as to the Pofleflbr of 
thofe two Dutchies, but would agree with him, that their 
being in the King's Hands fuits far better with the Intereft 
of Great Britain, than if they were in the Hands either of 
the Czar, who gives already but too much Jealoufy to the 
Empire ^ or of the King of Sweden, who ^ndeavour'd to 
raife a new Rebellion in Great Britain, and harbours our fu- 
gitive Rebels.' 
Mr John Smith. . Mr John Smith anfwer'd Gen. Stanhope, and faid, 'That 
he had already declar'd hisReafons for oppoiing the granting 
this Supply in fuch an extraordinary Manner ; and that fomc 
Expreffions that had cfcap'd a Gentleman in the Minifby, 
initead of making him alter his Opinion^ rather confirm'd 

' him 

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( ««3 ) 
him in it : That as, on the one Hand, he never aflleQed Po- ^'^ s. <3m.i. 
polarity ; fo, on the other Hand> when the Good of his v^^^^y^>^ 
Country came under Confideration, he alivays fpolce his 
T^houghts with the Liberty that becomes an EngliOiman, 
without any Regard to the Minifters : Tiiat he did not pre- 
tend to be thoroughly acquainted with Af^r^ abroad ; but 
liaving had the Honour to fit fo long in that Houfe, where 
lb great a Variety of Bufinefs, both foreign and domeftick, 
had often been debated, he might prefum^ 66 have fome 
Knowledge of them : That, however he w6ard not fay any 
Thing to what had been advanced by tKfe honourable Mem- 
ber who (poke laft ; but if an Eftimate of the Condudl of the 
Miniflry, in relation to Affairs Abroad, was to be made by 
a Comparifon of their Conduft at Home, he was fure they 
would not appear altogether fo faultlefs as they were repre- 
fented. Was it not a Miftake, added he, not to preferve the 
Peace at Home, after the King was come to the Throne, 
with the univerfal Applaufe and joyful Acclamations of all 
his Subjeds ? Was it not a Miilake, upon the breaking out 
of the Rebellion, not to iiTue out a Proclamation, to offer 
Pardon to fuch as fhould return Home peaceably, as had 
ever been pradUs'd before upon fuch Occaiions ? Was it not 
a Miffake, after the Suppreifion of the Rebellion, and the , 
Trial and Execution of the principal Authors of it, to keep 
np Animofities, and drive People to Defpair by not paffing 
an A&, of Indemnity and Grace, by keeping fo many Per- 
foos under hard apd tedious Confinement, and by granting 
Pardons to fome, without leaving them any Means to fub- 
fift ? Is it not a Miflake, not to trufl to a Vote of Parlia- 
ment, for making good fuch Engagements as his Majeily 
Ihall think proper to enter into ; and inftead of that, to in- 
fift on the granting of this Supply in fuch an extraordinary 
Manner ? Is it not a Miftake, to take this Opportunity to 
create Divifions, and render fome of the King's beft Friends 
fufye€ted and obnoxious ? Is it not a Miftake, in fhort, to 
form Parties and Cabals, in order to bring in a Bill to repeal 
the A€t againft Occafional Conformity ? ' 

To this Speech General Stanhope reply 'd, < That he had Ccn.8ttnh»fe. 
had the Honour to ferve his Majefty, fince his happy Acccf- 
fion to the Throne, but as there were other Perfons, fome 
of them in, and others out of Place, who had a greater Share 
than himfelf in the Adminiftration of Affairs, he left it 
to them to jufHfy themfelves : That however, he would 
clear a principl Point, by alTuring the Committee, that he 
had, fome time ago, the King's Orders to draw up an Ad of 

Mr Barrington Shutc^ Member for Berwick, faid, * That SJijJ;''^^^" 
the King was, indeed, come to the Throne with the joyful 
0^2^ Accla- 

• Digitized by VjOOQIC 

. ( 124 > 

f^Dofi |. Oeo. J. Acdamatioiis of moiV of his Subjeds ; bat that the D ifaffec-* 
^''SJJJk^ tion that appear'd foon after, did not proceed from the ill 
"^ ^ " Conduft of his Minifters, but folely from the Removal of 
.fome Perfons in great Employments : That neverthelefs, in 
the Changes that were then made, his Majpfty had followed 
the Rules of prudence, JufUcc, and pratitude, fince he ad- 
vanc'd thofe, who, in the worft of Times, had given un- 
doubted Proofs of their Affe&ion and Attachment to his In- 
tereft, in thc^ j^oom of thofe who had been preferr'd in the 
Jaft Reign, as .the fitteft Inftruments to/dellroy the Proteftant 
Succeffion, even before it took Place, and who had fince been 
in open Rebellion againft his Majefty : That as for the other 
Miftakes char|'d upon the Adminiftration, they might be 
reduced to theie two, viz. The not pafling the Aft of Indem- 
nity, and the De^^ to repeal the Occafional Bill : That as 
to the firft, there were various Opinions about it 5 and con- 
^dering the reftlefs Spirit of the difcontented Party, it was 
hard to determine, whether an Indemnity was a proper Way 
to reduce them ; fince it was notorious, that the repeated In- 
fiances of Clemency which his Majefty has given fince his 
Acceflion, have been abus'd and defpis'd : That as to the 
Repeal of the Adts againft the Difienters, nothing, in his 
I Opinion, was either more juft or reafonable ; , and ^e could 
not but wonder, that a Gentleman ^meatfing Mr "John Smith'] 
who had been turn'd out of his Employment injthe laft Reign, 
&ndreftor'd fince the King's coming to theC/own, fiiould ac- 
count it a Miftake, on the one Hand, not to grant an In- 
demnity to his Majefty's declared Enemies ; and a Miftake, 
on the other Hand, to make his Majefty's undoubted Friends 
Mr^^th. j^f Smith, after an Explanation demanded and given, 

about his being turn'd out of Place and reftor'd, replyM to 
•the laft Part of Mr Shute'.s Speech, * That he ever was for 
allowing Liberty of Confcience to the DifTenters, and had 
even voted againft the Occafional Bill ; but tha^ the fame 
being pafs'd into a Law, it was his Opinion, that it couki 
not be repeal'd without difquieting the whole Nation.' 
MrYonte. Mr Yonge, * Member for Honiton, (poke next, and (aid 

• That fome Days before, he had been againft the Motion, 
/or granting a Supply upon the King's Mefiage, becaufe ho 
thought it unparliamentary ; and it was then his Opinion to 
addrefs the King to enter into fuch Engagements as his 
Majefty ihall think proper, and that the Commons would 
make good the fame ; but that, fince the Majority of the 
.lloufe had determined to grant a Supply, they had brought 
^emfelves to this Pilemma, either to grant what was a&'d 


♦ Opt f/ tU Camffifififs for fiaiwf thi J>sHs ^f (0 ^c Jfif^^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( 125 I 

as ncceflary for the Service, or to tell the King, that that 
Service muft remain unperform'd, which they had in a Man- , 
ner determined to be necefiary, by granting a Supply.' 
This Speech was back'd by Mr Gould, who own'd, * That Mr Gould, 
we could not carry on our Trade to the Baltick, without 
bringing the King of Sweden to Reafon, and therefore he 
was for granting this Supply.' Mr Robert Walpole, who MriLWaipoie, 
brought up the Rear, faid, ' That having already fpokea 
for the Supply, he would not refufe the Court his Vote, 
and the Sum being nam'd, he was for granting it. Here^ 
upon, it was carry 'd without dividing, that a Sum not ex- 
ceeding 250,000 1. be granted, to enable his Majeily to 
concert fuch Meafures with Foreign Princes and States, as 
may prevent any Charge or Appreheniions from the De-* 
figns of Sweden for the future. 

April 13. Mr Farrer having reported this Refohition to 
the Houfe; fome of the Members endeavour'd to render it 
ineffedual, by moving that it (hould be re-committed. To 
debate this Motion with more Freedom, Mr Bromley, tak- Mr w. Bromley, 
ing Notice that feveral Peers, and others, were got into the 
Houfe, mov'd, that the Houfe be clear'd of all Strangers ; 
which being done accordingly, Mr Shippen infilled on the M^H^Sord 
recommitting of the Refolution in Queftion. He was fe- sir xho. Hanmer.. 
conded by MrHungerford, Sir ThomasHanmer, Mr.Herne, mJ uwfon. 
and Mr Lawfon : But the othef Party call'd for the Que- The Houfe voi^p 
ftion ; and the faid Refolution being read a fecond Time,% Kj?g?agiii^'* 
was agreed to by a Majority of 1 53 againft 132. ' Sweden. 

April 16. MrBofcawen* having acquainted the Houfe 
with his Majefty's Defire, that they would adjourn 'till the 
6th of May, the Houfe accordingly adjourn'd to that Dayl 

Mtpf 6. The King went to the Houfe of Lords, and the 
Commons attending, his Majefty commanded the Lord 
Chancellor to read the following Speech to both Houfes : 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
" TT is with great Satisfaction that, after this fhort Re- King's spcecB, 
" 1 ccfs, I can acquaint you with the certain Advice I have 
" received, that my Fleet is fafely arrived in the Sound, 
" which, by the Blefling of Almighty God, will fecure 
** thefe Kingdoms againft any immediate Danger of an 
" Invafion. 

" I have, by thefe Means, an Opportunity, which is 
" very acceptable to me, of making a confiderable Reduc- 
" tion in oar Land- Forces, ^having eltablifh'd it as a Rule 
" with my Jelf, to confult the Eafe of my People in every 
" Thing, fo far as is confiilent with their Safety. And, 
t for my own Part, as I fliall always place my Greatnels 


♦ Cm^trolkr of tU JiaH/hfl^ 

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( 126 ) 

** in the Profpciity of my Subjed^s, fo I ftiall always defirc 

that my Power may be founded in their Affedions. 

*^ It is upon thefe Coninlerations, that I have given Or- 
'* ders for the immediate reducing of ten thou&nd Men. 
» ** That nothing may be wanting in me to quiet the 

** Minds of all my Subjefts, I have, likewife given Direc- 
** tions to prepare an AA of Grace ; and however it may be 
** received by thofe who are obftinately bent on the Ruin of 
*' their Country, I promife my felf, that it will raife a du^ 
**^ Senfe of Gratitude in all fuch as have been artfully mifle^ 
*^ into treafonable Practices, againft my Perfon and Go- 
** vemm^t, and preferve them from flanding in need of 
^ ** the like Mercy for the future, when fuch an Inflance of 
•" Clemency may not be fo expedient for Ihe publick Wel- 
^* izxty as it would be agreeable to my own Inclinations. 
Gentlemen of the Houle of Commons, 

" I thank you for your Readinefs to fuj^ort me in the 
*' prefent Jun^ure of Affairs, and for the Supplies which 
" you have given ; and do promife you, that they fhall be 
** employed for the Ufes to which you defign'd them. 

" I (hall order fuch feithful Accounts to be laid before 
*' you the next Seflxon, as will make it appear, there was 
** no other View in a&ing any particular Supply, than to 
♦* prevent a much greaterJExpence, which thesNation mull 
♦• have unavoidably incurr d without it. 

" I muft reconimend to you, as I did at the Beginning 
" of the Seffipn, to take all proper Methods for reducing 
*« the publick Debts, with a juft Regard to Parliamentary 
" Credit. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

" The Year being fo far advanced, I hope you will go 
*« tlirough the publick Bufmefs with all poffible Difpatch 
** and Unanimity, it being my Intention to meet you early 
** the next Winter, that the Sitting of Parliament may be 
*' brought into the more ufual and convenient Seafon. " 

Mr Lechmcre The CommoQs being retum'd to their Houfe, Mr Lech- 

K%*^^fl1fts mere mov'd for an Addrefs to his Majefty, which not be- 

Md^tbc«for*r??*^^°5 oppos'd, a Committee was appointed to draw one up. 

figning theirPiacet. Mr Lechmere, in his Speech for this Addrefs, animadverted 

upon fuch of the Members as had lately refign'd their 

Places, as if they intended to dii^efs the King's Afiairs ; 

MrWaipotevin-upon which Mr Walpole thought fit, in his own Vindi- 

fh^cw^"*^'^^ ca"on* ^o %> * That Perfons who had accepted Places 

in the Government, had often been reflected on for carry- i 

ing on Defigns, and adUng contrary to the Intereft of their 

Country ; but that he had never heard a Man found fault 

with, for laying down one of the moft profitable Places in 

y Google 

( t^7 ) 
ftke Kinzdom : That, for his own part, i^ be would have Aqm t- Geo.1. 
(comply 'd with fome Meafurcs, it had noi been in the Power ^y^yy'^^^j 
i^ any of the prefent Minifters to remove him ; but that Jie 
had Reafbns for refigning his Employments, with which 
he had acquainted his Majefty, and mieht periiaps, in a 
proper Time, declare them to the Houfe. In the mean 
n^e the Tenoar of his Condud (hould fhew, that he never 
intended to make the King uneafy, or to embarrafs his 
Afeirs : And concluded with moving. That the Bill, For rt- 
duming the Duty on Hvufiiy &c might be read a fecond 
Time.' Upon this General Stanhope reprefented, « That 
(everal Things in that Bill wanted to be amended and rec- 
tify^d, and therefore he mov'd, that the fecond Reading 
of it might be put ofF to the next Day Se'nnight ; ' which 
was ordered accordingly. General Stanhope hkewife made cca. auaiMre. 
ufe of that Opportunity to take Notice to the Houfe, ' That 
he onderftood it had been the common Pradice of thofe 
concerned in the Adminiibation of the Treafury, to make 
Bargains for the Publick with the Governors and Directors 
of Companies, by which fome private Advantages were 
generally made: But that, in his Opinion, fuch Bargains 
ought to Jbe made at the Bar of the Houfe, by the Repre- 
I fentatives of all the Commons of Great Britain ; and if any 
i Advantages could be made, the Publick ought to have the 
Benefit of tkem.' 

M0^ 7. Mr Lechmere reported the Addrefs to his Ma- 
jefty, which is as follows : 

Moil Gracious Sovereign, 
' TTZE your Majefty's moft dutiful and loyal Subje£ls, The 
' VV the Commons of Great Britain in Parliament af- A<wwi». 

* fembled, crave Leave to approach your facred Perfon, 

* with Hearts full of Gratitude to your Majefty for the 

* many gracious declarations you have been pleas'd to 

* make to us from the Throne. 

* Our Duty to your Majeify, and our Concern for the 
' Security of your Kingdoms, at a Time when the Nation 

< was threatened with a defperate Invafion, obliged us to 

* make Provifion for keeping up fuch a Body* of Land- 

* Forces, as might (hew that we were in a Pofture of De- 
^ fence : But your Majefty having Grounds to hope, on the 

* Arrival of your Fleet in the Sound, that, by the Bleffing 

< of God, a Check wiU be put to that Defign, we mull for 

* ever acknowledge, that the early DireSions you have 

* been pleased to give for reducing fuch a Body of thofe 
^ I^id- Forces, is the moft acceptable Pledge you could give 

* your People of your Tcndemefs for them ; and that your 
! A^jefty luU aothing fg much at Heart as their prefent and 

* future 

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( 1^8 ) 

* future Welfare, and is fuch an Inftance of your greai 
.Wjfdom and Goodnefs. as muft for ever endear your 

' Majefly to all your Subjefts. 

* We are bound to exprefs our juft Satisfadlion In your 

* gracious Intentions of Mercy, as being highly conducive 

* to the Tranquility of the Kingdom, and a convincing 

* Proof of your Majefty's Defire to reign in the , AfFedlion^ 

* of all your Subjefts. 

* We have fo often experienc'd the happy Efiefls of thq 

* Confidence we have repos'd in your Majefty, that we can 

* never entertain any Doubt of the due Application of any 
' Supplies granted by us; and do receive, in the mofl du- 

* tiful and aiFedionate Manner, your Majelly's Promife to 

* lay the Accounts of fuch Application before us, as a great 

* Inftance of your Juilice to the Nation. 

* We are truly fenfible how much the Eafe and Profpe- 

* rity of your Sqbjefts depends on the accomplifhing that 

* great and neceffary Work, of reducing the publick Debts, 

* and are refolv'd to carry it on in the moft effectual Man- 

* ner, with juft Regard to Parliamentary Credit. 

* We are likewife refolv'd, by the Difpatch and Unani- 

* mity of our Proceedings, to convince the World, fhat we 

* are inviolably engaged in Duty and Affediion to your 

* moft facred Perfon and Government, on the Support of 

* which the Welfare and Happinefs of thefe Kingdoms, 

* under God, entirely depend.' 

Mr Shlppen moves 
fcr recommitting 
«ht Addreii. 

Bebftte thereon. 

Mr W. Bromley. 
'Mr Heme. 
<3en. Rofi. 

Gen. Stanhope. 
Mr W.Pultency. 

After the reading the above Addrefs, Mr Shippen mov'd 
to have it recommitted ; and that an Amendment might be 
made to that Part of it which relates to the Array, which 
he propos'd to be as follows, viz. ' That npthing could 
more endear his Majefty to all his Subje£ls^ than the re- 
ducing the Land-Forces to the old EfiablilKment of Guards 
and Garrifons, fuch as his Majefty found it at his Acceflion 
to the Crown.' To Support his Motion, he reprefented the 
Danger of a ftanding Army ; urging, * That in Cromwel's 
Time, a Force much lefs tjian what will remain in Great 
Britain after- the Redudion propos'd, had oyertum'd the 
Monarchy, abolifh'd Epifcopacy, put dowTi the Houfe of 
Peers, and driven the Commons from their Seats. He was 
feconded by Mr Bromley, and back'd by Mr Heme and 
General Rofs ,• bmt they were oppos'd by General Stanhope, 
Mr Robert Walpole, and alfo hy Mr Pulteneyj who de- 
clared, * That before the Difcovery of the.late Swedifli Con- 
fpiracy, while he Jiad the Honour to ferve his Majefty as 
Secretary at War, he had received fuch Diredions as ftiew'd 
his Majefty's Intentions, at that Time, to reduce ftill a 
igreatej Number of Forces, than was now propos'd*; and 


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( 129 ) 

t^refore he did not doubt but his Majeft)r would do it as MmyOt^v 
foon as the Safety of his ELingdoms would admit of it.* He v,^%>^%^ 
added, * That, in his Opinion, the Nation had no Reafon 
to fear any Thing from an Army, who, for near thirty Years 
paft, had giyen fignal Proofs of .their firm Adherence to the 
Protefiant Intereft, and of their Zeal to maintain the liber- 
ties of their Country ; and that if there was any Dang^ at 
preientft it was only from Foreign Counfels.* At length the 
Qaeftion being put upon Mr Shippen's Motion, it was csir- 
ry*d in the Negative by a Majority of 1 88 agsdnit 83. 

May 8. Mr Pultency acquainted the Houfc, * That he J*^^£^ 
was appreheniive of fome Mifmanagements^ and Imbezle- ing|gkgmtof a^ 
ments of the publick Money,, in relation to the 6000 Dutch idauon to^Sooo 
Troops, and the Service in North Britain : ' Upon this i>«d»T«>w&c, 
it was refolv'd to prefent two AddrefTes to his M^e^ 
fty ; One for an Account of the Money given ftwp die 
Payment of the 6000 Dutch Troops taken into his Majefty's 
Service during the late Rebellion, with the Charge of Uie 
Trapfportation of the &id Troops forwards and l^kwards^ 
diftin^iiihing each Particular under its re(pe£Uve Head ; the 
Other for an Account of the Diilribution of the Extraocdi' 
aaries and Contii^^cies iflued out for the Service perfonii'<l 
in North Britain during the late Rebellion. 

Jl% 9. The Hbufe prefented their Addrefs of Thanks td 
the King for his Speech, who returned the following Anfwer : 

« TT is with great Pkafurc that 1 find the Direaions I '^^^tk^S 
** X have given to make a Redudion in the Army, and my Thanio. 
" Intentions to grant an Aft of Grace, are fo much to the 
" Satisfaftion of my faithful Commons. 

** I thank you for the hearty Affurances you give me of 
" your Atfeftions to my Perfon and Government ; and fhall 
*' always make fuch an Ufe of the Confidence you repofe in 
** me, as may be moft for the Advantage of my People. 

May 12* A warm Debate arofe on a very odd Occafioh; ^.^ ^ WmdKiBi 
Sir William Wyndham having mov'd, * That Dr Snape be moves'forSrsn^s 
dcfii'd to preach before the Houfe at St Margaret's, Weil- S/SJife^^^£: 
minfter, upon the 29th of May ;' he was feconded by Mr *^*^J**r. 
Shippcn, and back'd by all the Members who had lately te- wrlSt^i 
fign'd their Employments. Mr Horatio Walpole, who fpoke Mr h. vJ^p^i 
iiril after Mr Shippen, faid, * That it was unufual^ on fiich 
Occafions, t6 put the Negative oh any Man, whom a Mem* 
ber of diat Houfe had thought fit to name ; and that Dr 
Saape was not only a Perfon of Merit and great Learnings 

but had likewife the Honour to be one of his Majefty's . „ . 
Chaplains/ Mr Robert Walpole (aid, ' That hfc knfew Dr ^^^ *• ^^^' 
■ " ■ that 


Snapc to bt a very learned, and a yery honeft Man i that 




lAtd Goe rniey. 
Mr HongeribrfL 

( 130 ) 

^6 had not only entrofted him with the Education of his own 
Children, but alfo recommended the Sons of the Doke of 
Deronfhire and Lord Townihend to his Care ; and there- 
fore he could not but think, that he might be trufted with 
t>reaching a Sermon before that Aflembly.* Mr Lechmer e 
opposed them, and (aid, * That he could not but wonder, 
that a Member who had been one of the Managers 2^;ainft 
Dr Sacheverel, (hould now fpeak in Behalf of a Divine who 
had aflerted the fame Notions of Paffive Obedience and Non- 
Refiftance, for which the other had been prosecuted ; and 
who had lately attacked a ftrenuous and worthy Champjon 
of the Revolution and Proteftant Succeffion/ Mr Aiflafaie 
anfwer'd, * That he gave his Vote to Dr Snape, becat^ he 
looked upon him as a learned and honeft Man : And as for 
having written againft the Biihop of Bangor's [Dr HoadU^] 
Sermon, he did not think it a fufficient Reafon to put upon 
him a Negative, which would be prejudging of a Contro- 
yerfy that did not properly belong to their Cognizance.* 
The Lord Guemfey alfo fpoke in Behalf of Dr Snape j and 
Mr Hungerford (aid, ' That if the Court had not interposed 
the Dodor might have fliewn the Bifhop fine Sport ; but that 
the King having ordered his Minifters^to diiband Part of the 
Army, they had, by Miftake, difbanded the Convocaticm.* 
Sir William Wyndham's Motion being thus ftrongly fup- 
ported, and Mr Lechmere being back*d only by Sir Jo- 
iS^wS^ feph Jekyll, Mr Bofcawen, Mr Treby, and a few more, 
UxTitbyl^' the QuefUon was put, and carry 'd in the Affirmative, by 
141 Voices againft 131 5 and Sir William Wyndham and 
Mr Shippen were ordered to acquaint Dr Snape with the D^- 
AnAddrdsreftivd ^^ ^5- It was refolv'd to addrefs his Majefty to give 
?^§S5t2i!rf J^jreaions to the Commiffioner of Tranfports to lay before 
'*' ' this Houfe all fuch DiredUons as he has receiv'd or given, 

and fuch Letters and Papers as are in his Hands relatmg to 
the Tran(i)ortation of the Dutch Troops, and all Accounts 
and Demands relating thereto. 

May 1 8. After the difpatching of private Bufinefs, Mr. 
Hungerford mov'd. That Leave be given to bring in a 
Bill tor examining, taking, and ftatingdie publick Acoounu 
of the Kingdom. He was feconddd by Mr. Horatio Wal- 
pole ; but the QueJHon being put, it pafsM in the Negative. 

' May 20. The Commons having refolv'd themielves into a 

Committee of the whole Houfe, to confider Buther of Ways 

and Means for raifing the Supply granted to his M^efly, 

c^%^u>/the Gen. Stanhope laid before them the reipe£live Proposals o£ 

^*^' the South-Sea Companv, and of the Bank of England, which 

were read, and which the Reader will find in the FO TES 

of this Seflion. 


tbe^oo Dutch 

Mr HangeHbrd'8 
Motion for a BUI 
for Sut'mg the 
pttbUck Accounti. 

Gen. Stanhope 
lays before tne 
Aoufe the Proi 
lab of the S. 

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( 131 ) 
After the Reading of thcfe Propo&Is, Mr. Robert Wtl- ^^,i^ *• 
pole rais'd Obje&ions againft them, particularly againft that W^*V^^^ 
of the Soath-Sea Company. He was feconded by Mr. ' 

Hutchefon, who endeavoured to fhew, *That the Nati- iir r. v^SJSl 
on would fcarce gain this Year loo^ooo 1. by tiiac Barg^ ; HrHoicfcrfa. 
and therefore he was for patting off this A^ir 'till the next 
Seffion, to give the Communities Time to make more reafon* 
able PropoSls.' He was anfwer'd by Mr. * Lowndes, Mem* uxUimhk 
ber for St. Maw's, who iaid, * He had much ado to find out 
the Meaning of the Member who fpoke laft ; that in the 
&me Speech he had advanced. That the Nation would gaia 
nothing this Year, and then own'd that the Nation would gain 
100,000 1. That fuppofing the Gain to be no more than 
thelaft mentioned Sum, yet the Propofal of the South-Sea 
Company was not to be rejected, iince it would enable 
the Nation to b^in to reduce the publick Debts. That 
in cafe the Propofals of the Communities were not 
thoBght reafonable, nothing, in his Opinion, could be more 
cfiedual to bring the Communities to Reafon, than a Vote of 
that Houfe ; and therefore the Commons needed but declare 
their Intentions, and he did not doubt but the Communities 
would comply therewith.' After Mr. Hutchefon bad reply'd 
fomething by Way of Explanation, Mr. Hun^rford faid» MrHiiQCDriM 
* That for his own Part, he ever was of Opimon, that the 
Parliamentary Faith ought to be preierv'd untouched and 
inviolable ; that by keeping up the National Credit, Eneland 
was glutted with Money, and was become the general lank 
of Europe, while moft of the neighbouring States were re- 
duced to Streights, and wanted Specie. That France had loil 
her Credit, or rather never had any ; and if there was any 
Money in that Kingdom, 'twas in the Hands of the Re- 
gent ; for what Purpofe he could not tell. That though the 
Parliamentary Faith ought to remain inviolate, yet he did 
not doubt, but the Wifdom of the Reprefentative^ of Uie 
Nation could find legal Ways to reduce thclntcreft of publick 
Securities, fince the Parliamentary Faith confiiled only in the 
fecttring the Payment of the Capital Sums advanc'4 by pri-. 
vate Perfons for the Ufe of the Publick. That he did not; 
underfland why the Publick fhould pay a higher iQtereft thanr 
a private Man. That he knew by Experience, and in the 
Courfe of his Bufineis, that Money may be had at 4 1. per 
Cent, on good Securities ; that there was on the Flo€>r a 
Member bf the Houfe who had lent him 20,000 V. at that 
Rate ; and therefore it was to be hcgp'd, that the Communis 
tics duly weighing all this, would offer to the Houfe more 
liafonablc PropoUls/ Mr. John Smith back'd Mr, Hungef- Mri.fimitl^ 
R 2 ford 

• 4i«rf*#7tfl^ff Ir•^t^ar•.\ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( 133 ) 

mo I^CecL fbrdy and faid^ ^That one would have expe^ed, that the 
y^^i^lfLf^ Communities and moneyed Men, who, to make diemfelves 
popular, boaft of their Zeal for the pefent Goyenunent, 
fhould, on this Occaiion, have given convincing ProoB of 
It, by contributing more than they offerM to do, towards re- 
ducing the publick Debts, and eafing the landed Men, who 
for fo many Years have born the greateft Part of the Nation- 
al Burdens. That, in his Opinion, it was of dangerous Con- 
fequence to borrow Money of die Communities upon the 
Foot of their Fropofals, fince by the granting them a Term 
of Years, the Parliament debarred themfehres of the Liberty 
of taxing publick Funds, which they had a Right to do, in 
cafe of extreme Neceflity, without violating the ParHamenta- 
ry Faith. That, for His own Part, he thought the Commu- 
Iiities ought to be latisfy'd with one Year's Notice ; but the 
. Seafon being fo far advanced, that there could not be above 
five Months before the next Seffion, he was for putting off 
. this Bufinefs 'till then ; and, in the mean Time, the Cbm-^ 
munities might maturely confider of it.' Upon this, Mr. ♦ 
Mr \Mkwi» Hopkins, Member for Bchefter, replied, * That he had as 
great a Regard to the landed, as to the money'd Intereft ; 
not only becaufe he had, God be thank'd, fome Land of his 
own, butaHb becaufe he was fatisfy'd that the landed and 
money '4 Interefts are entirely the fame, fince the Value of 
Land rifes or falls in Proportion to the Plenty or Scarcity of 
Money. That in the Courfe of Bufinefs, it is ufual for thofe 
who borrow, to propofe fome Advantage to the Lenders ; 
but that on this Occaiion, the Communities were fo far from 
gettipg any Thing by advancing Money to the Government, 
<hat, on the contrary, they facrific'd their own Intereft to that 
of the Publick. l^hat if the Thing was rightly confider'd, it 
would be found, thzt the Perfon^ concemNd in the South-Sea 
Stock, by contenting themfelves with an Interefl of 5 1. per 
Cent, inflead of fix, to which they are intituled by an AGt 
of Parliament, did, in Reality, lofe 20 1. in every 1 20 1. (b 
that the Company, by accepting the fame Annuity for 
twelve Millions which they had before for ten, did in Effe^ 
prefent the Government with two Millions, which being ap- 
ply'd to the paying off the Lotteries and other redeemable 
Funds, great Advantages mizht thereby accrue to the Pub- 
lick. That he could not forbear taking Notice of what had 
been fuggefted by fome People without. That the Intereft of 
the publick Funds might be reduc'd at once by an Aft of Par- 
liapient i ^)ut t^iat he hop'd no fuc^i Thing was ever intend- 

^ TbU (se^leman heii no Place or Empkyment^ but an Aeeomtt of hii 
'very remarkabk Omra^tr vfity bffetn m Mk Fn^*i Ethic F0ks.f Fpifi, fll, 
Lin$ 85;, • t ' 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( «33 ) 
ed by any that £it in that Hode; for^ in his Opinion, it 
cookl not be dmie without violating the Parliamentary Faith, 
and giving a dangerous Wound to publick Credit.* This 
Speech was anfwer'd by Mr. Aiflabie» who took Notice Mr AUbbk. 
^ That of late Years the Companies of moneyed Men were 
grown €o proud as not only to treat familiarly with the Par- 
liament» but even to pretend to dilate to them ; that there- 
fote it was high Time to give them a Check, and let them 
know, that the landed Men, and their Reprefentatives, were 
Matters of the main Spring and Stock of the Wealth and 
Strength of the Kingclom : And, concluded, for putting oflT 
this fioiinefs 'till the next Seffibn/ Hereupon Colonel * 
Bladen, Membor for Stockbridge, ihew'd, how dangerous cd. nudea. 
it was to delay an Affair of fo great Importance ; and he 
was back'dby Sir Fiiher Tench, Member for Southwark. sir RAer Tench. 
On the other Hand, Mr Pnlteney (aid, * He dki not know Mr w.PiUtener. 
what private Advantage feme Perfons might have in accepting 
die Propofal of the South-Sea Company ; but that, in hS 
0]^nioai, no Term of Years ought to be granted, or, atmoft, 
not above three Years/ General Stanhope,being fenfible that Gcmsaohoiie. 
the Oppofidon made ^ainft the Propofals of the Communi- 
ties, iad the Refledion of private Advantage, were chiefly 
level'd againft him, thought fit to vindicate himfelf : * He 
ingenooufly own'd his Incapacity for the Affairs of the Trea- 
Tory, which were fo remote from his Studies and Inclinati- 
on, that therefore he would fain have kept the Employ- 
' ment he had before, which was both more eafy, and more 
profitable to him ; but that he thought it his Duty to obey , 
the King's Commands. That, however, he would endea- 
vour to make up, by Application, Honeffy, and Difintereft- 
edneis, what he wanted in Abilities and Experience. That 
he would content himfelf with the Salary and lawful Perqui- 
fites of his Office ; and though he had quitted a better Place, 
he would not quarter himfelf upon any Body to make it up ; 
that he had no Brothers, nor other Relaticms, to provide for ; 
and diati upon his firft entring into the Treafury, he had 
made a (landing Order againff the late Pra£Uce of granting , 
Reverfions of Places.' Mr Walpole, who thought himfelf MrR.Waipoie. 
refleded on in what Gen. StanhojJe had faid, reply 'd with 
great Warmth, complaining of Breach of Friendihip, and 
betraying private Converfation, * He frankly own'd. That 
while Jie was in Employment^ he had endeavoured to ferve 
his Friends and Relations ; than which, in his Opinion, no- 
thing was more reafonable, or more juft : That as to the 
granting Reverfions, he was willing to acquaint the Houfe 
vyith the Meaning of it : That he had no Obje£Uons againll ' 

♦ CtmUrotkr »»/ the MinK, 

Digitized, by VjOOQ IC 

I4i Htmserford. 

( «34 ) 
Anno ^r Cm. I. thc German Miniftcrs, whom his Majcfty brought with him 
^^^-^>J^-s^ from Hanover, and who, as far as he had obferv'd, had all 
along behav'd themfelves like Men of Honour; but that 
there was a mean Fellow, of what Nation he could not tell» 
who took upon him to difpofe of Employments ; that this^ 
Man having obtained the Grant of a Reverfion, defign*d 
fdr his Son, Mr Walpole thought it too good for^iim, and 
therefore kept it for his own Son. That thereupon that 
Foreigner was fo fancy as to demand of him the Sum of 
2500 1. under Pretence, that he had been offered fo much 
for the iaid Reveriion ; but that he was wifer than to coni- 
ply with his Demand. And that one of the chief Reafcms 
that made him refign his Places, was, becauie he would not 
connive at fome Things that were carryii^ on.' General 
Stanhope ahfwer'd ; Mr Walpole reply'd ; and fome hard 
Exprcflions having efcap'd them in the Heat of the Dis- 
pute, Mr Hungerford endeavoured to put a Stop to it. 'I 
am forry, faid he, to fee^hefe two great Men hH foul on 
one another ; however, in my Opinion, we muft ilill look 
upon them as Patriots, and Fathers of their Country ; and 
iince they have, by Mifchance, difcover'd their Nakednefs, 
we ought, according fo the Cuftom of the Ball, as the 
Scripture tells us, cover it by turning our Back upon them. 
He added. That this unlucky Accident had, however, ]Ht>- 
duc'dTome Good, in that it had revealM a Piece of fecret 
HiHory, viz. the fcandalous Pradlice of felling Places and 
Reverfions ; and therefore he mov'd. That the honourable 
Member who made the Dlfcovery, might be called upon 
to name the Perfon." No Body feconding this Motion, 
Sir Jofephjekyll * brought back the Attention of the Af- 
fembly to the Bdmefs under Coniideration, and ihewM the 
Danger of putting off till the next Winter, the Condufion 
of an Afiair of fo great Confequence. He was back'd by: 
Mr Aiiiabie. Mr Aiflabie, who laid, * That as he never defign'd, to he 
would not be thought to oppofe any Thing that carry*d the 
Face of publick Good ; and therefore he was for granting 
to the South^Sea Company the Term of Years ^t had 
been mentioned, viz. fix Years, and a Year's Notice.' The 
Quedion being put thereupon, it was carry'd without di- 
viding. The Speaker having refum'd the Chair, Mr Bof* 
cawen a6led the Part of a common Friend between General 
Stanhope and Mr Walpole, faying, * That it was melan* 
choly to fee that any Difference fhould happen betweea 
thofe two worthy Members, unbecoming their own Cha- 
racters, and the Dignity of that Aflemblv ; bui that 'twould 
fUll be a greater Misfortune, if they moqld go out with, 


Sir J. JekyU. 

Mr Bioftawen. 

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{ t35 ) 
any Rcfentmcnt 5 and dicrefore he movM, That the Houfc 
would lay their Commands upon th^n, that no farther 1 
Notice be taken of what had pafs*d. Mr Methuen fecond- MrMetiiwn. 
ed Mr Boicawen, whofe Motion being unanimoufly agreed 
to, the Speaker put it immediately in Execution. 

Mffjr 21. Mr Puheney, made Obfervations on fome Pi- MrPotteneym 
pen which, that Day, had been laid before the Houfc by tobH^dbefore" 
Mr Cdeby, the Commiffioner for Tranfports, relating to JSaI^^'d^ 
theTranfportation of the Dutch Troops in November 171 J, droops, 
and fuggcfted, That the Perfon who was entrufted with the 
Management of that Affiiir, [meaning the Lord CadoganJ 
kd defrauded the Publick, on feveral Articles ; and, that 
^e Houfe might be thoroughly informed of the whole 
Matter, he mov*d, That his Majefty be addrefs'd for the 
ievejal Papers that might give Light into that Traniporta- 
tion. He was fecohded and back'd by feveral Members ; 
upon which it was refolvM and ordered, to prefent four Ad- which is agreed to. 
drefles to his Majefty, *uiz, I. For an Account of the Par- 
ticulars of the « Sum of 2106^ 12/. SJ. with Copies of 
the Vouchers for paying the fame, charg'd for bringing 
the 6000 Dutch Troops from their refpedive Garrifons to 
Oftend, in order to embark for Great Britain, at the Time 
of the late Rebellion. IL An Account of the Particulars 
of the Sum of 992/. 3/. 6d. with Copies of the Vouch- 
trs, ^c. for Tents, Sacks, and other Neceflaries faid to be 
deKvcr'd to the ^d 6000 Dutch Forces. III. Copies of 
all the Contrads made for tranfporting the faid Troops to 
Great Britain, and Copies of all Vouchers for paying any 
Sums of Money relating to the fame. And, IV. An Ac^ 
count of all the Bills of Exchange drawn from Abroad upon 
the refpedivc Offices of Great Britain, in the Years 171 5 
and 1 7 16, for, or on Account of, the late Rebellion. 

Moj^ 22. The Commons, in a Committee of the whole TheConfiJentJon 
Houfe on Ways and Means, took into Confideration the ?^tte^r!faod 
Pmpoial of the Bank of England, for advancing Money to ^^'^^^' 
the Government ; upon which there arofe a Debate, that 
lafted three or four Hours, and then the farther Confidera- 
tion of that "Matter was put off till the 24th, when the 
Committee came to feveral Refblutions ; and Mr Speaker 
having refum'd the Chair, the • Report of the Refolutions 
relating to the South-Sea Company, and the Bank o£ Eng- 
land, was ordered to be receiv'd upon that Day Se'nnight ; 
but the Governor and Diredtors of the Bank of England ' 
knrbg made a Demur npon accepting the Conditions offered 
them by the Commons, before they had held a General 
Court, the faid Report was, on the 3rft of May, farther 
adjouni'd to the 6di of June. 

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AnTOj.r^.1. ji/^ 2^. The Houfe refohr'd to addrefs his Majeftj^ 
\^^^-V^*^^ That fuch Dire£lions as were fent to his Minillcrs in Hol- 
ThcHcmrerefoive land, and their Anfiversy as far as they relate to the Ex- 
SSI JS^tothe pence of the Dutch Troops, be laid before the Houfe. 
coooDutchtroops. ^^ ^7. The Lords fent a Meflage to the Commons to 
^iiub^i& acquaint them that their Lordfhips had {^pointed tke 1 3th 
Jfe'i?7f i^fS'^ of June, for the Trial of the Earl of Oxford. 
^vt^Il *' ^^y 3^' '^^^ Commons having taken the faid Meilkge 
into Confideration, appointed a Conunittee to confidcr of the 
SSS^ State of the Impeachment againft the faid Earl. Several 
fi^hJ^j;^"^^. Members of the Secret Committee, who firft pufh'd on that 
mittcc. Profecution, being caJl'd up to the Houfe of Peers, as Sir 

Richard Orilow, the LordConingsby, and Sir Robert Marfh- 
am ; foiue abfent, and others grown remifs and indifferent 
in the Matter, it was thought proper to fupply thofe Defe&, 
by* adding to the remaining Members of the faid Secret 
Committee, Mr. Carter, Sir William Thompfon, Serj. 
Birch, Serj. Pengelly, Serj. Reynolds, and Mr. Gaidott. 
And it was ordered. That the faid Committee have Power 
to fend for Perfons, Papers, and Records, and to adjourn to 
fuch Times and Places as they fhould think fit, 
ThSkTofu.?* The fame Day, Sir WiUiam Wyndham mov'd, That the 
Hottfefor hitscr- Thanks of the Houfe be given to Dr. Snape, for the Sermon 
by him preach'd before this Houfe the Day before, at St* 
Margarers Weftminfler, and that he be defir'd to print the 
fame : He was-feconded by Mr. Shippen, and opposed by the 
fame Party who had oppos'd the Dodor's preaching, but the 
Quellion being put, was carry 'd in the Affirmative by 86 
Voices againft 70, 
Several Paper* re- Several Papers relating to the 6000 Dutch Troops, were 
T?i?ps'kSl)SbJ? ^id before the Commons, and upon a Motion raade by Lieu- 
Mouic. tenant General Erie, it was refolv'd to take that Afiair into 

Confideration, in a Committee of the whole Houfe, the 
Tuefday following. 

yu»e 3. Mr. Coleby, the Commiflioner for Tranf- 

ports, Lieutenant General Maccartney, and others, were or^- 

dcr'd to attend, the next Morning, the Committee of the 

whole Houfe, to whom it was referred to confider of the 

Matters relating to the Tranfportatwn of the Dutch Forces. 

The femeDay the Secret Committee met for the firft Timc^ 

and chofe Mr. Carter for their Chairman, in the Room of 

M^iSS^iSSd to Mr. Walpole, who abfented himfelf j and General Stanhqpe 

^crauniiteeof happening at this Time to be indifpos'd, the Committee met 

feveral Times without being able to do any Bufinefs. This 

was the Reafpn why four other Perfons were added to 

the reft, viz. Mr. Addifon, Mr. Cra]^, jun. Sir Na^thanicl 

Mead and Mr, Jeffop. 

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ymntj^. The Honfe, according to Order, wuto idblteitielf imtbj^ 
into a Committee of the whole Houfe, to take into ConSAt^ 
r^uion the feveral Paoen rekting to the Charge of Tnmf- 
portation of the Dutch Troops, to zsi, from Great Britain i 
and likewife the Papers rdadi^ to the Contingencies j«d. 5Sl?i»f3.?6ooo 
Extraordinaries, for Serncesperrorm'd in North Britain dur* Dt^eii Troop*. 
ing the Kebellion : But the Courtiers obferving, Tiiat the 
Tory-Party, now ftrongly rcinforc'd by the difcontentccl; 
Wh^ had the Majority, a Motion was made. That ther 
in^ois'd Malt'Bill be read a third Time. This Motion 
being contrary to Order, was opposed not only , by all tho 
Tones, bat alfo by many of the Court-Par^, who were not 
in the Secret of it ; b that after a Debate of about an Hour^ 
die Queftion being put, was carry'd in the Negative by « 
Taft Majority. This preliminary Skirmifhhad, however^ 
the Efied the Court-Party expelled, which was only to give ^ 
Time to their abfeat Friends to come to the Houfe. In th« 
mean while, the Court-Par^ having proposed Mr Farrer to 
be Chairman of the Grand Conunittee, Mr. Wsdpole put up 
Mr. Ed^oombe in Oppofition to him i and the fbnner d^ubt* 
1^ their Stren^, chofe rather to yield, than to run the 
Hazard of a Diimpointment { fo that Mr. Edgcombe wa$ 
aocordii^ly f^M in the Chair. This done, the Clerk 
proceeded to the Reading of the Papers that had been laid 
before the Houfe, relating to the Traniportation of the 
Dutch Forces, after the Reamng of which, Mr. Pultcney made ^^ piUency. 
a %>eech, v^rein he ihew^d * That there had been great 
SuBKof Mcmey eoe^bezael'd in this Expedition ; that he could 
Hot fix the Fraud upon any Body ; but that it plainly appeared* 
diat the Sum of upwards of 2000 1. was *twice charged for 
the &me Service, vie. for tranfporting the Dutch Forces into 
Great Britain.* This v^anfwer'd by Mr. Craggs, ♦ who, in y^ ^^^^ 
particular, fhew'd the Rea£m why the refpedive Sums of 
ao45l. and 2061 1. were charged for Tran^rts. On the 
other Hand, Lieutenant General Maccartney, who had aflifl^ 
cd the Lord Cadogan in taking Care of the Marching and 
Fimbarhation of the Dutch Troops, being examined at the 
Bar, vouched feveral Particulars relating to the Provifions and 
TraAfporti. But neverthelefs, Mr Robert Walpole, Mr MrR.Waipore. 
Shippea, and Mr Smith, maintained Mr Pultoiey's A^rtion, m, shippen. 
with^ a great deal of Warmth, and ma^e fevere Refle6tions ^ i.smitiu 
on thePo-fena enq^y'd in brioging over the Dutch Troops. 
On the contrary, Mr Lechmere f. Gen. Stanhope, Mr MrLeckmer«. 
Hampden, Sir Wmiam Thompfon, and Mr AiHabie, fpoke ^i^^^' 

Vol. I ^ S in Sir W. mmpfisiW 

VOL.1. V O °* MrAiflabie^V^ 

• M»M SeorcUry at IVjtr in fje Ronm qf Mr fulttney. 

•f M^dc ChamUor ofth^ Xhuhy cf tattc^cr in this S^jpgn, 

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Sirjol. JekylL* 

Mr Lccluncrc* 

Mr Hiu)|«fford. 

( 138 ) 

in Vindicatloa of the Lord Cadogan. Mr Robert Walpolc 
fupported Mr Ptilteney's Charge with much Vehemence, and 
at two different Times, fpoke near the Space of two Hours, 
and ftrain'd his Voice to that Degree, that he was taken 
with a violent Bleeding at the No&, which eblig'd him to 
go out of the Hottfe ; but came back before the Queftion 
was put. The main Strefs of his Reafoning was, ' That 
by the Papers that had been read, there was an ap{>arent 
Fraud ; tho* he could not fay, but that it might afterwards 
appear otherwife ; and he could not tell, bur that the Lord 
C5adogan might produce other Evidence to prove his Inno- 
cence.' Sir Jofeph Jckyll took Notice of the Inconfiftency 
of MrWalpole's Argument ; for if the Fraud was apparent 
ft was confequently real j and if fuch, it Was impoflible to 
appear otherwife, and Confequently for the Perfon on whom 
the Fratid was laid, to prove himfelf innocent i but that, in 
iis Opinion, neither was there any apparent Fraud, nor, if 
there were, could it, with any Juftice or Equity, be charged 
on the Lord Cadogan, Who, in all this Affair, a£ied only as 
a publick Minifter, and not either as , a Commander, or an 
Agent ; concluding with fome Praifes on his Lordfhip, who, 
in Military Affairs, held the fecond Rank, next to that 
Great Man to whom every Body allowed the firft.' Mr Lech-^ 
mere likcwife diftinguifh'd himfelf on this Occafion ; ami 
urg'd, *That this Enquiry was altogether frivolous and 
groundlefs : That as it was the Refult of Party P^ue and 
Malice, fo it had no other View than to blackeh and aiperfe 
a Perfon whofe greateft Crime was, that he had real bright 
Qualities, that drown'd the Tinfel Merit of others. That 
this Enquiry was of the fame Nature with thofe that had 
formerly been fet on Foot againft the Duke of Marlborough, 
the Lord Townfhehd, and an honourable Member of that 
Houfe 5 and, he hop*d, would have the fame End. That it 
look'd very ftrange, that the Pej^ons who now appeared the 
hotteft in this Enquiry, fhould have been filent about thefe 
pretended Frauds while they were in Place : But that it was 
ilill more iurprizing to hear them exclaim, with fo mudi 
Rancour and Bittemefs, againft a noble Lord, of whom they 
had been heard to fay. That the fpeedy fuppreffing of the 
Rebellion in Scotland, was, under God, owing to his A^- 
vity and Indefatigablenefs ; and that if another Gener^ had 
had the Management of that Affair, he would have made k 
a ten Years War.' Mr Hungerford fpoke in Favour of the 
Lord Cadogan, and faid, < He wonder'd there was (b much 
Noife made about a Dutch Reckoning ; that by all that had 
been laid before them, the Lord Cadogan appear^ very in^ 
nocent ; and therefore? he thought he defervM rather the 
Praife, than the Cerifure of the Houfe.' After both Parties 


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liad mamtaiiiM the Confii£l *till near Eight in theBvetK apiu>}.gm.i. 

ing. General Stanhope, in order to let the Buiinefs drop, ^^s^^^^ 

ino?*dy That the Chairman leave the Chair : Which, upon; ' 

the QoefHon being put, was carry 'd in the Affirmative b/> 

204 againft 194. This was look'd upon ^ a great ViSbory- 

on the Court Side ; for had the other Party gained their 

Point, it was apprehended, that they defign'd not only tor 

have pars*d. a Cenfure upon the Lord Cadogan, but aUb to. 

have carry*d the Enquiry farther. 

ymte 12. Mr Carter reported from the Committee ap- 
pointed to confider the State of the Impeachment ag^^ 
Robert Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimta:, • That the Cwrj 
mittee had met (everal Times, and made fome Progrefs in) 
the Matters to them refrrr'd ; but that the Profecution ^pjp 
the £ud Impeadiment having been iaterriipted for fo many( 
Months, by the Intervention of many weighty and: urgent 
Afiairs, which more nearly and immediately' concerned tht^ 
Welfare, Defence, and Security of the Kingdom i it wa^ 
become abiblutely neceflkry for thofe who fhould be appoint^ 
ed to manage the faid Impeachment, to review, and caifc-^ 
folly perufe all the Treaties, Records, Letters, 9|i4 o(i^ 
^Papers proper and necefiary for fupporting this Profec^it^n k 
^hich being very voluminous, it would be impoflible wi^iipi^ 
the Time appointed for the Tryal, to adjuft and 9f^ 
the proper Evidence to the fisveral Articles.* Hemippn ii^ 
was moved. That a Meflage be fent to the Lords, 2^:qttainti Motion fbrdeBcing 
ing them with the Reafons why this Houfe could not pro- S^^Jufa2ftl3i 
cecd on the Tryal of Robert Earl of Oxford af4 Earl 1^^^^ 
Mortimer, at the Time appointed ; and to deiire that th^ geparvi to proceed 
feme might be put off to a farther Day. Upon this ther^ **^ *^* 
was, for two or three Minutes, a Siloice in the ^ou^e, thf 
Members looidng upon one another, waiting who &pal4 Odate theieon. 
fpeak firft. At laft, Mr Hungerford rofe up, and tqok Mr HongerfortL 
Notice of the great Hardfhips which the Earl of Oxford 
had undergone. Then Mr Bofcawen exprefs'd his Conoem, Mr Bofcaweiv 

* That a Profecntion which the Commons had began in Cg 
(tAemn a Manner, and which was thought fo neceilkry to 
vindicate the Honour and Juftice* of the Nation, fhool^k 
at hJk, be dropped ; which, he was fure, would be a K^ 
flc^'on*on that<Houfe.'' Here again was a deep Silence^ 
and Mr ^jeaker rifing, in order to put the Queftioi^, .|4y 
ToiFne] ttfok that Opportuni^ to fpeak as foUowa. .: \ 

Mr Speaker, . v 

' I have not yet te-ouUed the iloufe upon any of the MrTuffhcfi'* 
Impeachments : However,, fince I have given my Aflent to ^^ ' 
every Article exhibked againft' this Noble Lord, I think it, 
in fome Meafurc, incumbent upon roe, to declare the P^e^- 

• fops why I did fo. I am fure there is m Gentleman in this 

S z Houfe,. 

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( tio ) 
Hod^, diat at any Hme more unwillii^ oomei into anv 
T^ng dut has the kaft Appearance of Severity towards 
bb Feliow-Snbjeds, diaa s^ feif. And I can, with a 
matdealof SinccifiQrafinriy that no perfimal Pique, Pre- 
jiidice, or Refentment ever dic^ and I hope never will, in^ 
iloence my Vote ; efpedally when eidwr the Life, the 
Fortune, or Ac Reputation of any Man h concerned. What 
I did, I did out of a difinterefted Zeal ; out of an iadtfpen* 
fible liove and Duty to my Country : And whatever may 
be the Fate of this Ptofecution, I then thought, and ftill 
am of OjHnion, that the Meafures which this Noble Lord 
cftCer*d into, at Prime Minifter, have, if I may be excusM 
the Imnroprkly of the Expreffion, hid a Foundation for 
the Rmn of his Coimtry. I have already dedar'd, that 
I have, in every Fart of the Accuiafion, voted againft this 
Noble Lord. Ai to the Articles of High Crimes and Mis- 
demeanors, I believe there is no Body but thinks there was 
fidkient Ground for them : As to the H^h Treaibn» 
where lay the only Difficulty, I muft fredy own, had I 
confttlted only my private C^union, I could fcarce have 
dkmght it included in the twenty-fifth of Edward IIL But 
when an hcmoutable Gendeman, who was then Chairman 
of die Secret Committee, undertook, in a Faft which die 
Houfe had already adjuc^'d to be High Treafon, to brix^ 
Aat Matter as home to the Earl of OxfM, as t]» Report 
had done to the then Lord Bolirtgbroke ; vi4ten he gave us 
an the Aflnrances imaginable, that thcj had living and 
legal Evidence to fupport die Charge ; fuch as it was al* 
mofi: die unanimous Opinion of die Committee, might be 

E'ven in Weflminfier-Hall ; and he hop'd, that iince the 
'oufe had thought fit to repofe a Confidence in them, it 
would not be expeded the Evidence fliould be difcover'd, 
left it might give them an Opportunity of beii^ (educM : 
iThis, I fay, and this alone, iwayM my Opinion. I then 
conikler*d my felf ading, not as a Judge, but as a Profecit- 
tor. And when that very ingenious Gentleman, ix^m I 
always hear widi the greateft Heafure, and to whofe Judg- 
ment I alwa3rs pay the mateft Deference, I fay, when his 
Honour^ his Underftanding, his Veracity, his every Thing 
was fb far engaged, the only QuefUon wiib me was, whe- 
ther it was reaibnaUe to undertake the Profecution, or not I 
And upon thefe Confiderations I can't but think I fhoukl 
have been extremely wanting in that Duty which I owe to 
my Cpuntry, if I fiiould have dedin'd giving my Vote to 
brmg an Offender to publick Jnfiice; when, at the fame 
Time, I was fiilly convinc*d that he had betrayed the 
Honour and Intereft of this Nation.* 


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( «4« ) , 

Mr Bromky taUag Illotioe, dut th^ am»].c3m.I. 

itm principally kydTd at Mr j^obert Wal^x^ endeavottr'd i^^^>?s^i 
to Tiodicatt luin, by bymg, ^ That tho* he was Chairauui i£i^oa«^^ 
of the fecret CoaimUttr, yet» if any Thij^ was done 
amUs among th«a« i% were hard to lay all the Blame at hit 
Door, fince tht wh^ Committee were eqtially concerned 
in ^ ImpeacfajQents.* A3 to the Matter now under Con- 
fideiati<»^ Mr Bcomley aidded> ' That they had been xM 
above a Year and a half ago^ that the Evidence was readyj 
bot that thty ought not to give d^ Lords the Trouble of 
g^i^ thro* d»e whole Impeachmoit^ fince, in his Opi-* 
nioQ, twa^ pf the Articles were altogether vain and need- 
le&»* Some Members reftntine this Aflmioo» Mr Bromr 
1^ immediately explained himielf, iaying, * Tliat if the 
two Articles that were for High Treafon, could be made 
good» the odier twenty Would be needlefs and infignificant.* 
MrShippen, who fpoke on the fame SKle, faid, among Mr sujipeiu 
other Things, ^ Th^ this Impeachment had been depend^ 
ii^ ib long, tfaatevery Body expeded it would be dropt ; 
aiM, indeed, unlefs the two Articles of High Treafi^n could, 
be made good, he thought it unreafonable to give the two 
Houfes an unnecefliuy Trouble about the other Articles, 
by keeping them fitting in the hotteft Part of the Summer : 
That, after all, thofe who had firft begun thelmpeach^- 
ments, ought to be frtisfy'd with having got the Places of , 
tliofe that were inpeach'd ; which, indeed, feem*d to be ^ 

wkat they had principally in View : That the Truth of this 
appeared evidently from the Behaviour of the Gentleman 
who was the moft forward and adive in die Impeachments, 
[Mr Rtberi W^tippli] whofe Wahnth was vejy much abated 
iince he was out of Place : That he did not mention this as 
a Refl«(^ion on that Gentleman, for whom he ever had a 
^eat Refi>ed s but that he was afraid this would leilen him 
in the Efteem of others : That, for his own Fart^ he was 
sot in the leaft furpi^'d at this CondoQ ; of which he had, 
of late, obferv*d many Inftances i but that he ever difiip- 
prov'd it : That if he would have been a Time-lcrver, he 
might, as well as odier People^ have got ibme good £m- 
tleyment ; but that he rather <phofe be contoi^ with a 
un^ private Fortune, than betray his Sentiments : And as 
an Inftance, he added, he could never be guilty of fo much 
Adulation, as lo c^^itftent a certain Perfon with the 
Rank of fecond Genet^ [mt^mu^ thf Lord CaJogan] to the 
Prejudice o£ an hcmcmrable and worthy Member of that 
Houie, Imidmng (kn$ral PFM"] whofe glorioi» Adions had 
gaiii*d him an immortal Name/ Mr Hungerford then (aid, :Mr Hongecferd 
* That f«»r his own Part, he ever was againft Impeach- 
ments, bemift he h^ obftrv'd tl^t they generally come to 


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Sir Jo. JdcyH. 




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An«>|^GM->^ nodiing $ and as for the Refleaioii made by the wordy 
'^^' Gentleman who fpoke laft, he fui^)os'd it was meant for 
ibme Body elfe : ILooiif/g, as he J^ke this, tanvards Sir 
Jafifhjekyll^ luho Jat mar him* and nvh§f (P^^I38) bad 
fiokin in behalf of the Lord Cadegan.'] S^r Jofeph Jekyll 
juftify'd himfdlf, ' both as to this, and atf to the Share he 
had in the Impeachment of the £arl of Oxford ; having, 
ftoia the Beginning, been againft the Articles for High 
Treafon. After this, Mr Walpole made a feint Apology 
for himfelf, laying, among other Thin^ * That he had 
of late look'd over fome of the molt material Papers re- 
lating to this Impeachment, and he was (till convince in 
his Q>nfcience, that the late Miniftry had given themfelves 
up entirely, and were ready to deliver up the Nation to 
France.* But having let drop an Infinoation, as if many 
who followed his Opinion in the Bufinefs of the Impeach- 
ments, did it rather out of Compliment to his Power, than 
to his Perfon, Mr Tuffhel refenting this Innuendo, imme- 
diately repelled the Dint of it, by appealing to that honotir- 
able Member, • Whether he ever made his Gourt to him ? 
* And whether he had not paid him more Refped fince he 
was but^ then when he was in Place V On the other Hand, 
Mr Lechmere (h-ongly fupported the Motion for the Mef- 
fage, and, amon^ other Things, faid, * It was no Wonder 
that a certain Set of Men, who had, at firft, opposM the 
Impeachments, fliould now be^ for letting them drop ; and 
-that this was yet the lefs furprizing, in that the fame Gen- 
tlemen had cbnftantly opposM all that had been proposed for 
the Suf^rt of the prefent happy Settlement : But that for 
his own Part, he was of the fame Opinion he ever had 
been of, viz. that the Nation could not profper, till they 
had brought thofe to Juilice, who betrayM its Allies in io 
fcandalous a Manner, and brought it to the very Brink of 
Ruin J and that he would venture his Life Jn this Profe- 
cution.' After this, it was carry^d, without dividing. That 
a Mefiage be fent to the Lonls; which being done the 
fame D^y, their Lordfliips took it immediately into Con- 

June 1 3. The Lords fent a Meffege to the Commons to 
acquaint them with their Refolution, of potting off the Bar! 
of Oxford's Trial to the 24th of |unc. 
, June 1 8. Writs having been ifiued to fopply Vacancies, 

SfaTetyfi-'''^'^ ^V ^^««^ Members having accepted Places, Mr 
Horatio Walpole mov'd, that Letf^e be given to bring in 
A Bill to repeal Jo much of an AS pafs'd in the fixth Year rf 
^en Anne's Reign, intitled. An A& for the Security of her 
Majefty^s Perfon and Government, '^c as relates to the mak- 
ing any Perfon capable of being again elefted aftcF the Ac 
^ ceptance 

Mr H. Walpal« 

bcr, who takes a 
Pbre, from being 

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( 143 ) 
iXfUmce of any Office of Profit fnmi the Ctcnmi, He was 
feconded by Mr Daniel . Campbell, and no Member op- 
pofing that Motion, the &id Bill was ofderM to be brought 

y»ti 24. Being the Day appointed hy the Lords for the Jy'e^*E?J^"J* 
Tral of die Earl of Oxford the Commons refoh'd to be u7omt^^% 
prcfent, as a Committee of the whole houfe; and the $J^i<0)i«bni'< 
Managers and other Members having taken thdr refpedrve 
Pbces in Wellminiler-Hall, the Lords came thither like- 
wife, and the Earl of Oxford was brought to the Bar. 
Tbtn, by the Lord High Steward's Conunands, were read, 
1. The Articles of Impeachment exhibited by tl^c Com- 
mons. U. The Eaii's Anfwer to them ; and. III. The 
R^lication of the Commons. After the Reading of which, 
the Lord High Steward addrefs'd himfelf to the Priiimer at 
the Bar in a Speech fuitable to the Occaiien. This done* 
his Lordfhip told the Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons, 
diat they might proceed : And then Mr Hampden, one of 
the Managers for the Houfe of Commons, open'd his Charge, 
which being ended. Sir Jofeph Jekyll ftood up, in order to 
proceed oh the fird Article of the Impeachment ; but as 
he was beginning to ipeak, he was interrupted hy the Lord 
Haicourt, who ngnify^d to their Lordfhips, that before the 
Managers for the Commons proceeded farther, he had 
ibmething to offento their Lordfhips, who thereupon ad- 
joumM to their own Houfe, and the Commons returned to 
theirs. The Lords being about to go down again to Wefl- 
minfter-Hall, fent a Meii^e to the Commons to acquaint 
them therewith » upon which the Cominons in a Conmiittee 
of the whole Houfe, returned alfo to Wefhninfter-Hall, 
where the Lord H^h Steward acquainted the Managers 
with their Lordfhips Refolution, viz. ' That theCommons be The loHc nSaHyc 

* not admitted to proceed in order to make good the Articles ^tHte^ArdS^ 

* ^inftRobert Earl of Oxfordand Earl Mortimer, for High ^' «*»» T"**^ 
' Crimes smd Mifdemeanours, till Judgment be iirft given 

* upon the Articles for High Treafon.? 

This Refolution of the Lords was highly difagreeable to 
the Commons ; ias it feem'd to prescribe to them the par- 
ticular Articles on which they were firfl to proceed -Ac- 
cordingly feveral Conferences were held between both 
Houfes about die Method of Proceeding at the Earl of Ox- 
ford's Trial. 

June 27. Thi5 Commons having dciir'd a free Conference upon wUch afrec 
with the Lords on the fubjed Matter of the late Conferences, fi?3j^"SS,'rtif " 

Jufy I. Mr Carter * reported. That the Lords infifled up- Lords lefUic. 
on denying a fret Conference ; This put the Houfe into a 

Flame ; 
• Mmtk Mtamey General to l^e Trmce </ Witks m ihi$ Seffm. 

)y Google 


Debate thertocu 
Gen. StMilK^. 
Mr Cra{g9. 


( 14+ } . 
Fhiaei anditbemg thereupon ordered, Tkit tKeiaid Report 
be Now ttken into Conikleration, feveral -warm Speeches 
were made on that Occafion, by Goicral Stanhqpe and 
Mr Craggs, immediately after whom Mr Tuffhell rofe up, 
and ^ke as f(^]jDW& ; 
Mr Speaker^ 

< I can't but think the Proceeding of the Lords very car* 
traofdinsury upon this Occafion, That, after having received 
die Articles as delivered in by thi» Houiet they ihoidd 
now come (0 a Refolotion, * That the Ccmunons be not ad* 
'. mitt^to proceed upon the Hi|;h Crimes and Mifdemea" 

* nours, till Judgment be firft given upon the Articles for 

* High Tre^on.' And here, though unwillingly, I muil oi>- 
ierve. That the Ekpreffion made uftvOf in Seir Lordihipt 
Meffi^ge to the Commons, to me feems very unfuitable to 
that Dmdor which they have fo r^tnarkably ihewn upon aU 
Oocafions, and from whence this Hou(e might reafonably 
esnpe^ a more becoming Treatment. There's another 
Thing which I can't but take Notice of, which is. That 
mfter 'having had Conferences with the Commons on this 
Sutge^ they ihould now refufe a fr^ Conference, which I 
ftould have thought, muft have been the natural Refult of 
the former^ as being the moil probable Way to acconunq^ 
date Matters in Cafes of Difficulty. The Reafon they give 
for this their adhering to their Refdudon is. That this is a 
Point of Judicature which folely belongs to their Lordfliip 1 
whereas the Commons fay, 'Tis only a Matter of Profecu* 
tion. And yet, if this Objedion were good, why was it 
not equally io againil their agreeing to the £rft Conference ? 

< Notwithftanding thefe Confiderations, if I could be tk 
Opinion with thofe> Gentlemen who think, either that the 
Honour of this Hpufe is fo much concerned, or that it is ib 
eflendai'to the R%hts of the Commons of Great Britain, I 
Aould be as unwilling as any one here, to contribute the 
kaft towards the bettaying of them. But fince I dcm't 
hear 'tis pretended that there are any Precedmits on either 
Side; and T<ian, by no Means, think it of that Confe- 
quence which fome Gentlemen feem to imagine, eipedadi/ 
i£ there be a * Saving to the Rights and Privileges of diis 

* Houfe ;' I fhould be inclin'd to be of Opinion, That it 
would be better to acquiefce in the Mediod propofed by the 
Xords, than to let a Profe6ition entirely drop, which has 
fe univerfally raifed the Expefkations >of Mankind. Then 
we ihould fee, what that living and legal Evidence is, which 
we have been fo often promised from thofe, in wlwm the 
Houfe Yepofed the i^eateft Confidence i and if thore fhonU 
be any Failure in the Proof of the High Trcafwi, the Blame 
might Be in its proper Place.' 

* Sir 

y Google 

f *4S ) 

' Sir, I am ibrryr to find there fliodd be foch Remiflhels ^^A]^^^ ^ 
in a Profecation, which was fonaeiiy carry^d on with fo much \^^S^ 
Warmth and Vigour. And I could wifh to fee that Spirit of 
Fttriotifin, which has hitherto animated this Houfe ; that 
jnft Rdentment for our injured Country, once more revived* 
What's now that poblick fpirited, difinterefted Zeal» which 
thenwaitnVl the Patriot's Brcaft? Are all thofe glorious 
Thoughts and Heroick Sentiments quite evaporated ? How 
comes it that thofe who then felt, and made others to feel» 
fiich an Intenfenefs of Heat, fach a lively Emotion of Spirit^ 
' are now fo calm and undifturb'd ? That thofe who were then 
f(> fun of Heat and Flame, are now fo coM and lifelefs ? Is 
the Nature of Things fo far altered, that what was then the 
moft flagrant High Treafon, is now Nothing at all > 

* Mr. Speaker, My Concern is for the Honour of this 
Houie, Which has been fo far engaged by Affurances of 
Bvidence to fupport the Cham. I mufl therefore take the 
Liberty to call upon thofe Gentlemen who gave them, to 
extricate us from our prefent Difficulties : And, I am fure» 
we&allnoc want their Affiflancein an Affair where their Ho* 
nour is 4b nearly concemM. I call upon them the rather, be- 
caufe *tis*a Juftice which they owe to themfelves, 'tis a 
Joftice which they owe to this Houfe of C6mmons, *tis a 
Jitfice which they owe their Country, their poor, unhappy 
Country, which they have fo often defcrib*d, as involved in 
thegreat^ Difficulties, as labouring under the moH ruinous 
Ctomifbnces, occafion'd by the ill Condu6t, the pernicious 
Counfels, and traiterous Pradiies of the Noble Perfon now 
imderyour Frofecution.* 

In the Middle of this Debate, another, MeiG^e was 
bei^t from the Lords, to dcfire that .the Commons would 
coocinne fitting fbmetime, which the Houfe agreed to. 
After this, Mr. Lechmere made a Speech, wherein having |^ uoMttt 
lamented the unhappy Dilemma, as he call'd it, to which ^tJJ^^gJ^ 
they were brot^t, either to fee fi) great an Offender as the rjjg^ «* »>y ^ 
Barlof'Os^ordefcupe unpun^M, or to acquiefce in pro- 
ceeding on his Tryal in the Manner prefcrib*d by the Lords, 
k faid, • That he thought the later the more eligible of the 
two, with a Saving to the Rights and Privileges of the Com- 
nxms; and ther^Mre made a Motion for it.* He was fe- 
l €oiKledandl>ack'd by Mr. Ham^en: But the Queffion beipg 
fut thereupon, it was carry *d in the Negative. Then a AMcfla«eftomth« 
Meflage was brought from the Lords, to acquaint the Com- ^^fl^^l^ 
inoiw. That their* Lordlhips intended prefently to proceed ^^y^^Jj^?,**** 
farther on the Tryal of the Earl of Oxford in Weftroinfter- Tmij of which 
■Hall, of which the Commons took no Notice i but being ^'N^kT"* '^ 
fenfiWe that the Loi^ :woald difchargc the ftifoner, Sir 

Vol. I. T William 

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S peec h ijteycoB. 

( 146 ) 

Waiiam Stricklttd, Member for Cariifle niOT'd, That Leave ' 
be^en to bring in a BUI Co inflid fuch Pains and Penalties 
^'^^mtf ^^^ I^obert E^l <^ Oxford and Earl Mordmer, as ha 
t traiterons Pradices and other High Crimes and Miidonean* 
oars do deferve, and as ihall be thoi^ht rcafenable. Here- 
upon Mr. Toffhell rofeup again^ and fud^ *That he cooki by 
no Means come into that Motion ; For that how neceffiuy 
and reasonable foever fuch a Bill might be at another June- 
rare, he could not but think it unreaibnable now ; when, as 
yet, it was uncertain what the Lords would do. But that, 
however, he would freely declare his Mind on this Occifion, 
viz. That notwithftanding he was c(myinc*d, the Earl pf 
Oxford was guilty of the Crimes wherewith he was charg*d, 
and that no Man had ever contributed more to the Ruin of 
his Country than he hs4 done : Yet, fince there was a legal 
Profecution begun ; fince that Noble Lord had fufamitted 
himfelfto Publick Juftice ; and confidering that 'tis the 
peculiar Glory and happineis of a Free-bont People to be 
governed by known Laws ; he^would never give his Confent 
to a Bin, which, in his Opinion, muft make the Lives, the 
Fortunes, and liberties of the Subjeds of jGreat Brbais, 
ftand upon fo unsettled and precarious a Foundation.* Upcm 
which it was adjoum'd to the third of July. 

The Lords went from their own4ionfe, into Weftminfier- 
Hall, about Seven in the Evening, where three ieveral Pro- 
clamations were made for the Accufers of the Earl qf Ox- 
ford to appear, and make good the Articles of Impeachment 
againfl him : But the Commons not iqypearing, their Lord- 
ihips went back to their Houfe, where the Lord High Se- 
ward put the Queftion, whether the Earl of Oxford ihonld 
be difcharg'd o? the High Crimes and Mifctemeanoors as 
well as of the High Treafon of which he was impeachM ? 
This, after fome Debate, beii^ carry*d in the AffirnuLtnrey 
the Lords went t^ain into We£ninfter-Hall, where the Lord 
High Steward put the Queftion to every Lord in the ofoal 
Method, viz. Content or not Content ; All the Lords prefenc 
being Content; his Lordfhip dechu-ed the Earl of Oxford 
acquitted by his Peers, of the Articles of Impeachment ex- 
hibited againft him by the Commons ; commanded the Liea- 
tenant of the Tower of London to difcharge his I^iibncr ; 
and, declaring his Majefty*s Commiffion to be diflMv*d» 
broke his Staff. 

Jufy 3. The Commons refumM the adjoumM Debate in>« 
on the Motion made two Days before, by Sir William Strick- 
land, who again infifting on that Motion, had the Mortis 
fication of feeing, that not one Member would fecond ^im : 
Oh the contrary Mr. Hungerford faid upon that Matter J 
< That for liia own Part, he had ever been againft violent 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

The Lords pro- 
ceed to the Trial 
of the Earl of 
Oxford, but the 
Commons not 
appearing^ his 
I'ordfliipis ac- 

tmews his Moti&a 
for the BUI of 

Debate thereon. 

Mr. Hunx«rford. 

( «47 ) 
Ptooeedii^ ; That, in his Opinion^ y/^h^n the Lifc» For- 
tnae, or R^utadon of any Man is concern'dy the Parlia- 
ment oaght to go upon Evidence as ftrong and as full as 
is required in Weibninfter-Hall ; and that he had obferv- d« 
that all Billsof Attainder proceeded from Party-Piqu^.* Sir. 
William Strickland beiiig offended a( this Speech, made .sir w. Strickland. 
imne fevere RefiedUons upon it ; and added, * That for his 
own Part he had no perfonal Pique againft the Earl of Ox- 
ford ; but look'd lipon him as an Enemy to his Country ; 
and fincc the Commons could not bring him to Joflice in . 
the ordinary Way, they ought, in his Opinion, to have Re- . 
coorfe to an extraordinary Method ; for which, however, . 
they did not want Precedents.* Mr. Hungerford turn'd the 
Rdlc6Uon8 made upon him into Raill^ery ; and after fome other . 
Speeches, the Lord Caflleco^ier, Member for Rijpon, mov'd, ^^^ ctiHccomcr 

* That an Addrefs be prefented to his Majefty, letting fortK mom for an m. 
the many great Crimes of which Robert Earl of Oxford and f^^^i^of" 
Earl Mortimer has been impeach'd by this Houie, as li^e- ^^^f^Q^f,^ 
wife the Endeavours that have been us'd by the Commons 

to bring the (aid Earl to Juftice ; in which Proceedings the ui|- 
^^njpfy Differences that have arifen between the two Houfes 
have di&ppointed their juft Expedtations ; and likewi{e 
humbly to pray his Majefty, that he will except the faid Earl 
out of the Ad of Grace, The liord Caftlecomer being fecond- 
ed by Mr. Yonge, and the QuefUon put upon his Motion,.it 
was carry'd in the Affirmative, and a Committee appointed ^yy^^cowirt. 
to dxaw up the faid Addreis. Another Committee Was the tee itappointodta 
iame Day^;ypointed to infped the Lords^ Journals, in Rela- '^'^ ^^' 
6ffa to their Proceedings on the Tryal of the Earl of Ox- 
ford, and to report what they find therein, to the Houfe. 

Jufy j^. The Lord Caftlecomer, Chairman of the Com- 
mittee appointed to draw up the Addrefs againft the Earl of 
Oxbitdif repeated the fame, which being agreed to,«it wasre- 
folv^d that the iaid Addrefs be nrefented by the whole Houfe^ 

yufy 5, The Commons, with their Speaker, prefented the 
iaid Addreis to his Majefty, which is as follows. 

Moil Gracious Sovereign, 
« \X 7E your Majefty's moft faithful Subjedb, the Com- The Addttfc 

* VV mons of Great Britain in Parliament alTembled, '*^«'- 

* do moft humbly reprefent to your MajeHy, That in our 

* Impeachment exhibited againft Robert Earl of Oxford and 

* Earl Mortimer, we did fet forth. That he the faid Earl did 

* traiterouily adhere to, aid, and abet tlie late French King, 

* then an Enemy to her late Majefty, and did begin and 

* carry An a dandeiline and feparate Correfpondence and 
' Negotiation with die Minifters of the faid French King ; 

* in confequence of which it is evident, that great Part of 

T a the 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

(• 148^ ); 

* Ae Forces mainteinM at the Bxpenoe of fo moch Bridfli 
'^ Treafurc, in oJrdttr to redaee the Power of France j as like* 

< wife great Part of the Subfidies ^-anted by Parliament to 

* Foreign Princes for theikme End, were, in Reality, made 

* fubfervient and inftrumental to awe the good AUits of 

< her Majefty into a Compliance with the lu^d Terms dk« 

* tated by France. 

' The unhappy Catalans were abandon^ ; the Emperor, 

* Empire, and Kingof Portu^, were left to treat for them- 
« fehesf the Kingcbm of Sicily was given to the Dake of 
^ Savoy, as an Inducement and Reward to him for quitting 

* the comnKm Caufe, in dired Defiance and Violation of 

* the grand Alliance, and of the dedar*d Senfe of moft of 

* her good Allies, and efpecially of the Dutch, who, to diis 

* Day, have never aifented to that Condition of tho Treaty 

* of Utrecht. A fhameful and difhonourable Treaty of 
' Peace was at laft concluded, by which impradicable Terms 
' of Trade were imposM on Great Briton ; the Demoliti- 

* on of Dunkirk, Vi/iach had been addrcfs'd^ for by Tarlia- 
' &ent, was eloded fay a treacherous Connivance, at th« 
' making of a new Canal at Mardyke ; and Utt Security 
' which was proposed by removing the Pretender out of 

* France, was, in the like Manner, evade(^ by a treacherous 

* Connivance at his refiding in Lorrain. 

' It is owing to your Majefty^s unwearyM Endeavonrt 

* for the Good of your Sufajedts, and that juft Regard which 

* is paid to your Majefty by Foreign Princes and States, 

* that we fee our felves delivered, in a grei^ Deg^e, from 

* the EfTe^ of thofe pernicious Meaiures, which might 

* otherwife have prov'd fatal to your Kingdmns: But as we 
*. refled with equal Gratitude and Admiration on your Ma> 

* jefty's beingable to retrieve fuch Mticarriages, evpcti^iXfyin 
' a TimeNvluch has been dillurb'd by pubKck Tumi^^ and 
' Rebellions : We think it is a great Aggravation of Guilt 

* in thofe who gave up fo many National Advantages, at a 

* Time when they laboured under no fuch Difficdties at 

* Home, and when the continued SuccefTes of a long and 

* glorious War had put them into a Condition of gaining the 

* moft beneficial Terms from the Enemy. 

* Your faithful Commons did likewife exhibit feveral o- 

* ther Charges againft the faid Earl, reprefenting him in 
' many notorious Infbnces, as a Perfon who had aJbus*d the 

* Truft and Confidence which her late Majefty had repos'd 
' in him, and facxific'd the Honour of his Sovereign and 

* the Good of her People, to private Views of Intere^ and 

* Ambition. 

* Your faithful Commons have not been wanting in their 

* Endeavours to bring the faid Earl to Juftice i but by Rea- 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( H9 ) 

< fiNicif the imhati|i3f Diffinsnces that Ittve^ in t]us P^oteed- 

< ioi^ . arUen between the'tw» Hmi£D8» we have found our 

* fidvesdifiipp(»ntcdof our juft Expe^tton^ and reduced to 

< the Neceffi^ieithcurof giTing iq> J^igfats and Privileges of * 

< the higl^ Impm-tiUMie toaU the Cottmottt of Gitat Brie- 
^ tahiy or feeing this^ g^eat Offender efeape wilh Impmiity 

* for; the prefent 

* For thde Rea£nis» we do m«il hmnUj^ beieech yoar ' 
' Mi^eft)r> thatyoac Majefty will be fdeas'd to except Robert 
« Earl of Qx£b«d/and,Bad Mortimer oot ofthe Ad of Grace, 
' which .yoar liia^% has been giadoufly pieas'd to prcMBxfe 

* from the Throne ; to the End the Commons may be at 

* Liberty to f ix>ceed agaihftthe iaid £ad ina Parliamentary 
« Way. 

To this AdAeft, his Majefiy was pleas'd to return the 
fi^lowing Anfwen ^ 

" TfWiU give Direaious in Rektion to the Earl of Oxford, JjJ^* ^^ 
" X a^yon defire; and it is withrPlea^ore I obforve the 
^ Senfe, eiipreis'xlin^rour Addrefs, ofmyEodeavoors for the 
** Security, Honour, and Advantage of thele Kingdoms. 

yufy 15. The King came to the Houfe of Peers, and a 
Meilage was brqaght to the Conanpns by the Uiher of tbs 
black Rod, commandii^ them to att^d his Majefly imme^ 
diately, which they did accordingly, and Mr. Speaker pre- 
fcnted the Money-Bfills to his Majefly; n^ch done, the 
Lord Chancellor read a Speech delivered into his Hands by 
the King, from the Throne, as follows. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, ^ 

" TCannot put an End to this SeflSon, widiont cxpreffing ^^l^^j^^^ 
" X my^ Thanks to you, for the Difpatch you have given SSidS&wu 
*' to the publick Buhi^s, and declaring the Satisfa^ion I 
** promife my felf in meeting you again early the next 
" Winter, with the fame good Difpofitions for the Service 
*' of yoyir Coimtiy. The Meafures we have taken in this 
" Parliament, have, by the Bleffing of Almighty God, ef- 
" fe^ually defeated all the Attempts of our Enemies, both 
** at Home and Abroad ; and, as the Principle on which 
** thofe Meafures are founded^ are e^ally condticivr to the 
'* fupporting the juft Rights of the CroWn and the Liberties 
" of the P^le, I (hall allways perfeyere in them my felf, 
*' and diftinguifh thofe who adhere to them with the fame 
" Steadinefs and Refblution. 

Gentlemen of the Hpuie of Commons, 

** I thank you, in the moft affe£HoBa(e Manner, for the 

* SttppUes you have granted me, and for that Conftancy 

•^ and 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( ISO ) 

V./i^y'-S^ " Debts, notwithfiuidiiig the many Imadents and OU 

'^ ons 70a have met widi in the carrying on of that great 
*' Worjc. As yon have famiih!d me with the Means of 
** difimpointin^ anv Defigns of a foreign Enemy againft 
** theie my ^fldomt, fo I cannot but aftribe, in a great 
<* Meaiure> the happy Profpedt of our Affiurs abroad to 
** that publick Spirit which has appeared in your Proceed- 
**. ingS} and has convincM the Worki, that no Infinuadoos or 
** Artifices can divertyooft«»nyottrDatv to your Sovere^, 
" and a di£ntereftcd R^;ard to your Fdlow-Sabjeds. 
My Lords and Gentlemen, 
" It is with great Pleafnre that I fee the Tmnquil ity of 
" the Nation fo well eftablifh'd, as to admit of an A€t of 
** Grace, which I have long de(ir*d a fit Opportunity to 
*' grant. I hope that fuch as (hall, by this Means, be re^ 
*< Sor^d to the Enjoyment of Security, and the Protedion 
** of thofe Laws agamft which they have ofiended, will have 
*' a due Senfe of this my Indulgence, and eive me the moft 
" acceptable Return they can poffibly ma^e me, that of 
** becoming Friends, infieul of Enemies, to their Country. 

TheP»»iit»eai Then the Lord Chancellor prorogued the Parliament to 
■•^'**** the 1 2th of Auguft : They were afterwards farther prorogued, 

by &veral Prorogations, to the 21ft of November. 


In the Third Session of the . 

FirftTarliamentofKingQ^o'B^G^ L 

Aono4. 000.L /■' ■ \ HE Parliament being met on the sjift of Novem- 
»7»7. I ber, the King opened the Seflion by a Speech to 

JL both Houfes as fidlows. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

JSe"?iII|^£?niw " T Am very glad I have been able to bring the Sitting of 

^*^™»v " J. Parliament into a more proper and ufqal Seafon of 

" the Year : I hope fuch an early Meeting will not only be 

** a Benefit to the Publick, but a Convenience to your pri- 

" vate Affairs. 

** As I have always had at Heart the Security and Eafe 
** of my Peof^e, fo I never kept up any Troops but for their 
*' ProttfUoD, and have taken every Opportunity to dijhand 

*' at 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( «5» ) 

" as many as I thought conMent with their Safety. I have 
*' reduced the Army to very near one Half, fbce the B^n- 
'* ning of the lail Sei£on of Parliament, and le(ien*d them to 
'* fuch a Namber as will neither be a Burthen to my good 
" Si^eds, nor an Encouragement to our Enemies to infult 
" them. 

** You dumot but be feniible of ike many Attempts which 
** hav« been iet on Foot to difbirb the Peace of Europe, and 
" of thefe Kingdoms : They only pretend not to fee, who 
'' are not afraid of them. But as no A{^lication l^s been 
** wanting cm my Part to preferve the publick Tranquili^, 
*< I have the Pleafure to find my good Offices have not been 
*' altcsether unfucceisful, and have Reafon to hope they will, 
•' in me £nd» have their full and defir*d Effed. 
Gentlemen of the Houfe of Coomions, 
'' I queftion not but you are very well pleas'd to find that 
*' your Endeavours for lefiening the National Debts, have 
'< at the &me Time raifed the publick Credit; and that 
** whatever was propose for that End is adually and com- 
** pJeatly effeded. This Succeis mu&, chiefly be attributed 
" to that juft and j^udent R^ard you have fhewn to Pariia- 
'* mentary Engagements. 

'' It was with the View of procuring and fettling a lafling 
*' Tranquility, that I denumded the extraordinary Supply 
*' which you granted me laft Seffion. The Credit, which 
" this Confidence repos'd in me, hath given us Abroad, has 
*' akeady been fo far eSednfd, that I can acquaint you we 
*' have a much better Pro^d than we had. I have ordered 
** an Account to be laid before you of the very fmall Part 
" of that Supply which as yet has been expended ; any far- 
'< ther IfTues diat may be made of it, fhall be alfo laid before 
'* you : And you may be afilired, that every Part of it (hall 
" either be employed for your Service, or ikv'd to th^ 
'' Publick. 

'* I have ordered to be laid before you a State of the De- 
*' ficiendes of the prefent Year, and the feveral EfUmates for 
" the Service of the next ; which you will find confiderably 
*' 4imini(h*d. I rely upon vour making the neceflary Pro- 
*' vifion for them ; not doubting of the Continuance of that 
" Zeal for the Good of your Country, which hath been fo 
" eminently confpicuou|^in every Seffioaof this Parliament. 
'* I cannot in JuiUce avoid putting you in Mind, that fe- 
" vcral Arrears of Pay and Subfidy, incurred befgre my Ac- 
" ceflion to the Crown, are daimM bv J^oreign Princes and 
*' St^ites: I fhall order them to be laid before you, to the 
" End you may put them in a Method of being exajnia'd 
** and fUted j wl^ will very much tend to the llonour and 
i; Credit of the Nation. 

■ ■ '■ My 

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*n«>4.Cco.i. My Lords and Gendemen, 

X,/^V^ ** Iconld heartly wifh, dut ^t a Time whea Ae com- 
" mott Enemies of our Rdigion are> by dl Manner of Ar* 
'^ tificesy endeavouring to ondermine and weaken it both at 
'* Hon» and Abroad, dl tfaofe vfho are Friends to our pre- 
** fent happy Eilabliihment, might unanimoofly concur in 
*' feme proper Method for the greater ftrengthoiing the 
** Protefbntlntereft: of which, as the Church of England 
** isunqueflionably the main Support and Bulwark, fo will 
** (he reap the prindpal^Bcnefit ofertry Advantage accruing 
** by the- Union and mutual Chari^ of all Proteftants. 

** As none can recommend themfelves more efie£hially to 
•* my Favour and Countenance, than by a fincere Zeal 
•• for the juft Rights of the Crown and the Liberties of 
** the People ; fo I am determined to encourage all thofe 
*< who ad agreeably to the Conftitutipn of thefe my King- 
*^ doms, and confequently to the Principles on which my 
. ** Government is founded. 
' •* The Eyes of all Europe are upon yoti at this critical 
•* Jun^re. It is your Interdl ; for which Reafim Idiink it 
** mine, that my Endeavours for procuring the Peace and 
** Quiet of Chriftendom, fhould take Efficdt. Nothing can 
** fo much contribute to this defirable End, as the Unanimi- 
** ty, Difpatch, and Vigour of your Refolutions for the Sup- 
** port of my Govemntent. 

The King being retired, and the Conmions retumM to 
their Houfe, the Lord Hinchinb^-oke reported the Addrefi 
of Thanks, which was agreed to, and the next Day preiented 
to his Majefty, by the whole Houfe, as follows. 

Moft Gracious Sovereign, 
U&Srfmiiks.' fX/E your Majefty's moll dutiful and loyal Sutjeas, 
' VV the Commons of Great Britain in Parliament af- 

< fembled, crave Leave to exprefs our Gratitude to your 

* Majefty, for your moft gracious Speech from the Throne, 

' Our Minds are fill*d with the moft Hvdy Senfe of your 

* Majefty's Regard to your People, in bringing the Sitting 

* of Parliament into a more proper and ufoiu Seafon of the 

* Year. And as your Majefty has been gradoafly pleasM to 

< confider the Convenience of ouep rivate Al^urs in this ear- 

* ty Meeting, we fhall endeavour to anfwer your Majefty*8 

* gracious Intentions, by improving it, as much as we are 

* able, to the Benefit of the Publicki 

* We are highly fenfible of the Concern your Majefty 
« has fhewn for the Welfare of your People, by the Redu6H- 

* ons you have been pleas'd to make, from Time to Time, 
^ of the Land Forces, fo foon a$ the Pofturc of Affiurs ren- 

■ - dcr'd 

^ Digitized by VjOOQIC 

* dcr*d it fnfe tathefe vour Kingdens* It isdoi* pMdiar Aaaft4,oiMit 

* Happinefs to fee our (elves govemVl by a Sovereign. jadM> \j,^^^\i 

* is not influenced by tny Notions of Oreatnefs tlutt aie in- ^^^ 

* confiftent with the Profperity of his SubjedU ; ^nd i^]m> 
' propofesr to himrdf the Eafe of his People, as the chief 

* Glory of Jus Reign. 

* We acknowl^ge, with Hearts full of Doty and Grad- 

* cade, yoor Majefty's unwearied Endeavours to preivnt the 
' many Attempts whidt have been iet on Foot to diftitt^ the 
" Peace of Europe* and the Quiet of thefe Kingdoms ; and 

* .have the more Reaibn to apprehend the ill C6nAqaences 

* of fuch Attempts, fince there are thofe who, as they would 
' be thought to fee no Danger in them» give us Reafiift td 
' believe that they would not be troubled at their Snooefi. 

* We are therefore firmly refolvM, in the moft ei&dual 

* Manner, to fupport your Majefly in fuch Meafures as your 
' Majefty, in your great Wif<iom,ihall judge necefiaiy to pro*^ 

* cure the Eftablifhment of the Tranquility of Burose. 

* We receive, withthegreateft Sads&aion, your MOfefty'l 

* gracious Expreflions and Aflurances touching the extraordi^ 

* nary Sm>ply granted kft Year ; knd will chearfuUy giant 
< your Majeily fuch Supplies as (hall efiedually provide for 

* the publick Service. 

* It is with unfpeakable Sorrow of Heart, that We obiervd 
' the many Artifices which are made Ufe of by the common 
' Enemies of our Religion, to undermine and weaken it both 

* at Home and Abroad ; And as we have the mod gnrtefot 

* Scnfe of the tender Concern which your Majefty has been 

* pleasfd to exprefs for the Proteftant Religion, and efpecial- 
' ly for the main Support of it, the ChUrch of England as 

* by Law eftaWifliM ; fo we are refolv'd, on our Part> to con- 
' fider of the moft effedual Methods for ftrengtheaing the 
' Proteftant Intereft of thefe Kingdoms. 

' It is a Pleafure to us, that the Eyes of all £nrope wr6 

* tum'd upon us at this critieal Jundure, fince we havt 

* thereby an Opportunity of fhewing the World the joft Con- 
' fidence we repofe in your Majefty, and our unftiaken Re- 

* folutions to fupport your Government in fuch M^nnet, as 
' (hall enable your Majefty to fettle the Peace of Chriftendom^ 

To which the King returned the following Anfwer. 

*';:T Thank yoii for the repeated Aifurances you have »veli The iguj^ Aa* 
"rx me, in this dutiful and loyal Addrefs, of youraffedi- ^''*'' 
'* onate Support and Affiftance in the prcfent Junfture of Af- 
" feirs. , I expedted no lefs from a Houfe of Conwnons fo 
" aiFeaionate to • my Pcrfon, and. fo zealous for che publick 

Vol. L u >v;^* 

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( «54 ) 
^^m?^'* ^^' ^S* '^^ Hoofe began to enter upon Bnfinefi, ud 
^^"^"-S^ voted a Si^ly, in futncrHf to his Majefty. 
MockMi for si»- ^^' 4* Motion was made for a Safety for maintain- 
t^fer maitt^ lAg the Guards and Garriibns in Great Britain for the Year 
m^IuyS?' I7i^» according to the Eftimate laid, before the Hoofe. 
>7xt> This Motion was opposM by Mr Shippen, Sir William 

Detete tbereoo. Wyttdham* and Mr R. Walpoky which h& made a Speech^ 
Mr Skim. wheretn, befides the common Topick of the Danger of a 
uiKW^^' Standmg Army in a free Nation, he infifted on four prift- 
dpal Points, viz. * I. That whereas they were giten to un^ 
derftand, tliat the Army was redvc'd to 16,000 and odd 
Men, it ftiU confided of above 18,000, which was one third 
Part more than the Number of Land Forces in Great Bri- 
tain amomited to formerly in Time of Peace. II. That 
tl»re was no due Proportion obfery'd, either between the 
Number of Horfe, Dragoons, and Foot, or between the 
Number of the Officers and Soldiers that were kept ftanding ; 
infomuch, that of about .1 1000 1. which the Pay of a re- 
duced Regiment of Foot amounts to, near 7000 1. goes to- 
wards the Pay of the Officers, and 4000 L only to the pri- 
vate Soldiers. III. That the keeping; up fo great a Num- 
ber of Officers, was, in efied, the mamtaining of an Army 
almoft double of what was intended, fince the Soldiers that 
vicre wanting to compleat the Companies and R^ments, 
snight be raifed with a Drum in twice four and twendr 
Hours. IV. That the Pay of General Officers, whidk 
amounted to above 20,000 1. was an Expence altogether 
needlefs, and unprecedented in Time of Peace." Alfthefe 
Particulars Mr Walpole enlarged upon, and made good his 
UrCtafltt. Affertiony by proper Vouchers. MrCraggs, Secretary at 
^^ War, anfwcr'd Mr Walpole. He iaid, • That in all wife 
Governments, the Security of the State is the Rule chiefly 
to be regarded ; and that his Majefty, both in the Augmen- 
tation and the Reduction of his Forces, had not only con* 
folted the Safety, but likewife the Eafe of his People. That 
though, as was fuggelled, the Nation paid at prefent near 
180TO Men, yet there were only 16347 who could give attjr ' 
Jealoufy, unlefs fome People mould think our Literties in 
Danger, from the Chaplains, Surgeons, Widows of Officers, 
and fuch harmlefs, inoffedive Perfons, who were included 
in the firft Number : That therefore there are not muck 
above 4000 Men more now in Great Britain than ^ere 
were kept up after the Peace of Ryfivick, which Number 
muft be thought very moderate by all who wifli well to 
the prefent haj^y Settlement, confidering that the Embers 
of an unnatural Rebellion lately extinguifh'd were ftUl 
warm, and the Difcontents induflrioufly fomented by the 


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( «55 ) 
Enemies of die Govcnunent; That the l^uliiiiieiitliadevtr AM»4.Qeo.L 
contented themfelvet with fixing the Number of the Forces JSJJL ■ 
that were thought neceilkry to be maintain'd^ but had left ^^^▼^^ 
to the Crown the Manner of redodng and modeHing that 
Number ; and therefore, if they ihopld now do oAicrmk, 
it would be but an indiferent Return to that gracious and 
tender Regard, which, on all Occafions, his Majefty has 
ihewn to t& Security and Eafe of his Subjeas. That after 
all, it is no le(s a Piece of Juflice than Matter of Prudence^ 
to keep up as great a Number of Officers as poffibk ; fn; 
befides the Occafion which the Nation may have for them 
for the future, it is but reafonable to acknowledge the paft 
eminent Services of Gentlemen, who having been broi^t ^ 

iq> to no other Trade but War, had no other Way to fubfift 
and provide for themfelves and Families.* Mr Craggs was 
backed by Mr Aiflabie H, Mr Hampden (^), Mr John ££ttMj^ 
Smith M, Mr Coventry f^<(), Member for Bridport^ Orf. Jg^^Sft 
Bladen (f), Mr Barrington Shute, and Sir Jofeph Jekyll, Coi.jffiSu' 
who chiefly iniifled on the Neceffity of keeping up 16000 ^^^fSSfiL 
Men, at leaft, one Year longer. Sir David Dalrymple (/) was sir d. Mtyvi^ia, 
of the fame Opinion, and to that PurpoTe urg'd, * That the 
Diicontents run ftill as high in Scotland as before the late 
Rebellion ; for whidi he alledg'd feveral Reafons.* Mr 
Walpole, Mr Brondey, Mr Freenum, General Erie/- and MrWa^Mio. 
feme other Gentlemen, were of Opinion, That 12000 Men JJpSSt 
were fuffident ; and die Debate havme lafted 'till a Qjiarter oeiuErie, 
paft Six, the Queftion was going to be put, Whether the 
Number fhould he 16 or 1 2000 ? When Mr Slpppoi ftaad^ 
jog up> made the following Speech. 

Mr Speaker, 

* I congratulate the honourable Perfen below, IGiturmi Mr shifpeiw 
LumM on his being^ reftor*d to the good Opinion of the 
learned Gentleman who fpoke laft ; [5/> 7- 7^¥^*1 ft>' *t 
is not long fince he {Sit p. 1 38.] complimented, Iwillnot fay 
flattered, another, at the Expence of thai honourable Perfon» 
and moft of the General Oficers in tliis Kingdom. 
' * But as to the Queftion before us, 'tis my Misfortune to 
differ from that learned Gendeman in all he hath<advanc*d» 
w^ich> when foripM of fome EjDCurM»9 o^f be reduced to 
thefe two Fropoftdons : 

** L That the only Dagger qf contini^g the Amy ii 
•* die Expence of it. 

i; ^ - If- 

fa) Treajkrer tfiShe Now, (b, c; WIert cf tb$ Exeheqiter. 
' (d ; CvmptroiUr of the Green Ooti, (e) CommiShner (f Trade and Tkmr 

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(' »56 ) 
imi^^f^'U « ^ IK Tkn «« Cftght U^ ^omphr with te^Kumb^ of 
" Forces- propoj'ii, bi^iiii? it is daaanded by the King, 
«< ^ whd is the bdl Jadge of our Naceffides/' 

< I 4q not obj^ to the, Hxk ResUbn, tliat the Phrafeis 
ambigiioitSy a^ that it isdiffiaih to knpw what he means 
Ir^tkcfOirngpt of the S^speoce; but, if I runderftand Jiim, 
the AnfWer is obvioits;. For though the Bxp^nce is doubt- ^ 
left z M^ter highly^ dcfervine the Coqiideration of this 
Hmlhf whofe Bu&eTs and Doty it is to difpofe of the pub- 
lick' Money with the udndft Frugality i yet it is by no 
Meaas the chiefs or only Aigument againft keepiac; up an 
Am^iit Time of Peace. Hie chief Argument, with grear 
S u bmiffi inj it; That the ciyil and military Power camiot 
Jdi^fiibfift tog^hert that ^ ftandi^ Amy in Time of 
BBwe^ndfirnect^ril)^ impede (he free Exaecotion of the Laws 
' ioi lAk Laiid. And 'tis therefore very extraordiiury that the 
Eiqidnce-flioald be though the only Daagfr,. to^de his own 
Tnms^ of' a ftanUn^ Anny* by a Perion wbofe l^rofeffiom 
^'p^efent Station ^ige him to make tiiofe £<aws his &r& 
Caie J tnd that it fliomd be urg*d as inch in this Place, 
wht]uib( many MiUioos l^rebeen chearfolly granted for the 
jftkncbx^ them. 

'^ Thefeeood Reafim is &o more qonclMiive than the firi^ 
' ab'Ihope t6 make^ppeaf in ;the Se^pdiof what I have tp 

pffidV. ' '.J 

: < Gtudemen have, iiififled much on*^ great Gmce and 
Favoor diewn in redudng the Army finee the BogiMung of 
ti^liaSefiion;.and I prefume «o( t» fay, that we were 
deceiy'd into the Vote then given for mainfatning thirtjr 
two thoufand Men, becaufe we always proceed with the 
utmoft Caution and Circumfpedion, and beotaie tte deep 
' Be^iy . of theSwadift Plot, which oiCQaiioa'd fuch terrible 
Appfahenfions aihotq^ft us, htir^ £n(ce, bfcn fuUy difca\^r'd 
fdtl^ WoHdv ] , 

['*■ dot howihrer ' ndfdiy k\9si&i then. done,. I h<^ never 
tgoiin ta foe^ eitfaer.>t]te fonie Noinbef^ or near the&me 
Corps, afler fome ^rtfiil Redq^ipns^T^pnthiH'd in t^ Na- 
ci^ii in Thae of Peace,, on any Pret^n^K on w^ Apprehen^ 
fibns whatfoei/ier. , ' . . 

<" I will not tioviUe yon, Sij^ with my AeoM/hs on the 
Fallacy of thofe Redudions. They haVe bfett fafficientlx 
^kcpm'd by a ^kntismin iMrJl. W^k^MiQ is better in- 
formed of the Secret of that AiFair, .m^ who# I 4ni.glad 
|o fiad, when he is contending for the Service of his Coun- 
|ry, is no more afraid than my felf, of being call'd a Ja- 
cobite, by thofe^ \jrfu) ^ant other Axg«ment5 to IJipport 
^ir' Debates. /. 

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(• 157 y 

« Owe frekm Confidcmtioa is» wl&ether there are an^r AQK>4.Getj» 
Reafbns to induce us, as our Circumftances now ftaqdj to tJ^ 
keep up atoovc fbcteea thouiamd Men, with Officers for al- ^■^^'^ 
moft doaUe that Number ; and whether, if we ihould con- 
ieat takeqp diem ap« we (bould z&f as his Majefty defir^ 
we (bouM, agreeably to the Conftitution of thefe Kingdoms, 
and ccmieqo^ J to the Principles on which his Government 
is founded. 

* Now in Virtue o£ that Frecdomrof Speech, we are all, 
iatitled to« I beg Leave to declare my Opinion* l^hat the. 
feeepii^ iq[l the Nomber prqpos'd, is fo far from beii^ ne* 
ceflary to oar Prote£Uoni. tiiat it wilL be inoonfiilent with, 
oar Safety^, and an exceflive Burthen, to his N^efly'sgood 
Sttbj«ibb Nor do I think it poffible any Aqmments can be 
invented, none I am fure have beeq yet c^'d, to incline, 
a HotUe of Commons at tdiis Time, when we are in a pro- 
fbnnd Traa^liity» foi^e domeftick Fei^ excepted^ to fob- 
Qliit to that, which every Member, every Lover of Liberty 
muft own, abflradedly confide r'd, to be a Grievance, and 
fiieh a one as oo^t never to be fubmitted tOj but in that 
moftdefpemte andd^lorablcCircumftance, where it is to 
be choien as the le^ Evil. 

. * I koQKV thefe Afiertiomintcffere with what isl^d dowi% 
in dk fecond Paragraph of his Maj^'s Speech. . But ws 
are t6 catfider that S^ech as the Compofition and Advice 
of hisL Nfini&7, and are ijierefore at Liberty to debate every 
Propoiition in it ; efpecially thpfe which feem^ rather cal- ^^^^ 
colated for th^ Meridian of Germany, than of Great *^ 

* 'Tis the o«ly Infelicity of his Majefty's Reign, Thaf 
he. Is anacquaint^ with our Language aivd Con&tutioni 'tDl 
a»d>^tis therefore the more ioci^imi^^nt on \^is Britiih Minir 
fbn. ti^ii^rm him, Th^ our: Go^mment dpes; not ilaiu} 
on ibsi&xiifi Foundation \ii4th his German ]>omiaions,which> 
bftiRkafoniof theii! Sitiiation> and the N^tiw^r of their Conf 
litittion^ 4re oUig'd t^iksep «p Armies i^ Tipie of I^eace. 
Nor is i^ in the teaft w<»ider'dat, that his Majei^, 
tdhdb hath fjpem iim fstli^r Pari of k> Life 4>^ thofe Domir 
nionsv ftoold think fixteen* or even thirty two thoofand 
Mcii^ might be .€onfiin»'d{ in b rich and powerful a Nation 
■s ^s J9^ wtthou£ beings a Burthen tq^ it* But. when he ihaU 
tiane lo u&dirftaiid,:jtlut the £inaUer Number in Time of 
Bcace wmiTd hm deftrnaiire to that Security and Eafe ^f his 
Sbopk^ for which he eafcpreflb fo te^r a ^eg^, he will 
dnnbdefebe oonyinc'4 that thofe aft moft^foniformably to 
their D^ty and his Intcareil, who, as^ trqe S^ibje^ o£ Great 
^ckaitt, ajre aguitil continuing moreTrOopSi than h^ve been 
^tbally Aoughtaad fcitmd ^fficieat,'iii tto (m^^ Situation 
^ i ' of 

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( ts« ) 

^ami. e».i. of Affiurty for die Sopport of the Crown and die Safety of 
"^'' the Kinf^om. 

' I am therefore at a Lofs to conceive how Gendemen 
can perfwade themiHves, that the comflyio^ with this ex- 
traordinary Demand wonld promote his Majefty's Service. 
For it fappofes not only a Diftruft, but a Weakneft in the 
Qoveniment ; as if neither the Afib^ons of the People at 
^me, nor the Treaties of oor Allies abroad, were to be 
depended on : Which is a Thought fo injurious, fo contra- 
didory to feme felemn Afliiranees from the Throne, that 
no one will prefume to advance it openly in this Hou]fe, or 
dfewhere ; and yet it is all, in my humble Apprehenfion» 
induded in this Motion. Nothii^ indeed can alienate the 
Hearts of the People from his Majefty ; but fach Attempts 
have formerly prov'd fttal to Princes of lefs ccmAmunate 
Wifdom and Virtue. Nor are we to imagine, that die iame 
Grievance is not equally mifchievous in the Reign of a good 
Prince as of a bad one. 'Tis fometimes more fe, beotofe 
leis expected, and lefs guarded againft. 

* Surely his Majeily will have no juft Canfe to donbt die 
Continuance of that Zeal for the Good of our Country, 
which, he is pleas'd to iky, hath been fe emin^idy con^* 
cuous in every Seffion of this Parliament, if we make die 
Fate of other Nadons a Document to ourfelves on this Occa- 
fion ; if we think, that the keej^ng op a larger Number of 
Forces, than is abfolutely neceflary, too dangerous an £xpe- 
riment to be often repeated. 

^ Let Gendemen look rouiid Eunqse, and they will find. 
That feme of the freecft and braveft People in h have, by 
this very Method, loft their Liberties. They will find, that 
the civil Power was from Time to Time drawn in, by pre- 
tended Exigencies, to allow and maintain an anned Force 
in Peace ; which, as they at firft thought, and were inftru^ed 
€0 believe, was intended to add Strength to their Authority ; 
to fecure them in thePofl^flion of their rel^^ious and poUdod 
Rights ; to watch the ambitious Defigns of their Neiriibour 
Nations ; and to preferve the Ballance of Power. Glorious 
{ntendons, if they had prov*d real^! But thoi^h they us'd all 
poflible Precautions i though they made it the Condidon of 
their Eftablifliment, that the Foices fliould be difbmifcd, 
when the extraordinary Occafion for which they were raised 
ceas'd, yet they perceived too kte that their Conditba wis 
not binding i That they had erected a PbWer fnperioor to 
themjfelves ; That the Soldiery, when they had tafted the 
Sweets of Authority would not part with it, and^ that even 
their Princes, after thefe temporary Cbnceffions made t» 
them, began to thinks that rubng by an Army was a moce 
eafy, a more compendious Way of Qovenunent^ thaoaaiog 

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( 159 ) 
under tlie Reftraints and Limitadoiis of tlte Laws of their 
Country. And now d^ wear the Chains, which they^ 
pot round their own Necks, and lament the Lofi of that 
Preedom, which they unhappily confented to deftroy, zsA 
which could never have been deiboy'd without their Con* 

' But there is no Need of fetching Arguments on this Sub- 
jed firom Foreign Nations. Our own is too well acquainted 
with the Efieds of continuing an armed Force in Peace, not 
to apprehend every Thing from it, be the Pretence never fo 

* 'Twottld be mifpending your Time, to recount the Mis- 
chiefs which have from hence haf^ned to thb Nation ; and 
I will not run back to former Reigns. But I cannot forbear 
obferving what [Mr Sm/r} my very good Friend near me 
hath already hinted, that it was the great Grievance com- 
plained of in the Bill of Rights, and was that from which 
the Revolution was to deliver us. King William himfel^ 
after the Peace of Ryfwick, could not obtain above ten thou- 
fimd Men, though he had then a more enterprizihg and a 
more powerRd Prince to deal with, than any now in this Part 
of the World. And the Proceeding of that Houfe of Com^ 
mons muft be ever juilified by thofe, ^ho have the leaft 
Concern for our Conftitution, notwithfbnding feme un« 
grounded Infinuations, that it involved us in a long and ex- 
peniive War. Befides, it is every Year dedar'd in the Aft of 
Mutiny and Defertion, That the keeping up a Ending 
Army in Time of Peace is againfl Law ; and as the Freeing 
us from it was one of the Ends of the Revolution, fo no doubt 
the Preferving us for ever from an Attempt of the like Na- 
ture, was one of thofe innumerable glorious Advantages pro* 
pofed by the Aft of Succeffion. 

' But it hath been urg'd. That the Confent of Parliament 
reconciles all ; and that Forces fo continued are net to be 
accounted a (landing Army, becaufe they are intended to 
keep out a ftanding Army ; which with the noble Lord^s 
Leave, [Lord Mole/wortb] who makes the Diftinftion, is a 
Notion too fine, too chimerical to be maintained. 

^ I know indeed it is explained both in the Bill of Rights, 
and in the Aft of Mutiny and Defertion, that the keeping 
up a ftanding Army in Time of Peace is illegal^ only, if 
done without Confent of Parliament : Now this in no Sort 
weakens the Argument, as to the Inconvenience and Oppref- 
fion of which I am fpeaking. For tho* the Parliament, in 
thefe declaratory laws, feems to put in its Claim only againft 
the Encroachments of the Crown, from whence it fuppos'd 
fuch Oppreffions were more likely to come, than from the 
^epreicntatives of the People ; yet the Confent of Parlia- 

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( t6o ) 

Aano4. Geo. I. mcht canAot alter the Nature of Things, cannot Krfd^r die 
^^^^^^^Jfc^j fameCaufes from producing the (amcEJffcas. An Army, 
^^^ tho' kept up by the Confent of Parliament, i»ill, Hke, other 
Armiee^ foon know its own Strength, wfll in Probab9i^ 
purfue the Dictates of Self-Prefervation, arid rather tho6ie 
to dilTolve that Authority with which it is incompatibly tjian 
tamely fubmit to its own Diilblution. An Army, the* kpp< 
np by Confent of Parliament, if it hath no EnemieS'Abroad, 
will be apt to make Depredations at Home ; and I wifh there 
'hath not been fomething of that Kind done this laft Year : 1 
wifli we have no Complaints from fome of our. own moft con- 
ftderable Parliamentary Corporations, of Soldiers demanding 
free Quarter, and infulting the chief Magiftrates for exert- 
ing the Power we hav^ lodg'd with them, and endeavour- 
ine to redrefs the Grievances of the poor* Inn-keepers and 
Inhabitants. Nay, the Confent of Parliament is (b far from 
altering the Nature and Genius of Armies, that a Paiiiament 
Army, confifUng of about the Number now demanded, once 
committed greater Outrages, and gave a deeper Wound to 
the Conftitution, than all the Armies of the Crown have 
ever done ; and that Army was the Creature of a Parliament 
which Ifid eftablifh'd itfelf. But, if we were to admit for 
Argument's Sake, th^t the Confent of Parliament could make 
Armies more tame and du£Ule than thev would otherwife 
be, I think, however, it would not be advlfeable for a Par- 
liament, that intends to a£l rationally and agreeably either 
to the Principles on which his Majefty's Government, or its 
own Power is founded, to familiarize a military Force to this 
free Nation. For the very Name and Terror of it would, 
without Oppreffion, awe and fubdue the Spirits of the Peo- 
ple, extmguiih their Love of Liberty, and beget a mean aiid 
abjedi Acquiefcence in Slavery. 

* Sir, We have already fufpended fome Laws, and repeal- 
ed others, to comply with the Neceffitics of the Adminiftra- 
tion : But pray let us not go farther, let us not go on to con- 
tinue the Army, or the greateft Part of it : For fb long as it 
is continued, lb long is the whole Conftitution fufpend^, or, 
at leaft, in the Mercy of thofe whom we arm againft it* 

^^^ The Expreffions in the above Speech, which are' difHn- 

movlfftrSni- gnifli'd with a Xf' gave Offence to feVeral Members, and in 
J?nto"S.e^oS^v P^^^^ *® Mr Lechmcre, who having taken them down 
w Ex"reffion$' ^" Writing, urg'd, ' That thofe Words were a fcandalous 
fJ«J«in| Si ^ Inveft i ve s^ain ft the King's Perfon and Government, of which 
Xing'. Speech, jjjg ^^^^ ^^jgj^j jQ ^g^ ^^^ higheft Refentment, and there- 
Debate thereon, fore mov'd. That the Member who fpoke thofe offenfiVc 
Words ihould be fent to the Tower/ Mr Lechmere was 


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( l^t ) 

IteondcdbyMrSpcftccrCowper* a!idb«i^iby^Jofe|4»*k 
Jckyflf, and feme others: Upon which Mr Robert Wal-^^i^-s2Ss^ 
fole fairf, * thstt H^ Words in Qgeftkm were fpcfkei^ hy urBprn^x^mf^ 
the Member on whom they were charged, the Tower was Jgfj'vJSSSc* 
too li^ht a Poniihment for his Rafhnefs | but as what he had 
tSA in the Heat of this Debate might have been mid^er- 
ftt>od, lie was- for allowing him t& liberty of ex{^rang 
himfetf.' Mr SneH> Mr Hutchcfon, and feme others, ijpoke W'g^-^ 
sSfe ill Behalf of Mr Shippen> intending chiefly to Mve hitti ^ **'**«*• 
aa Ojpportoni^ of retracting or excufing what he had fiud^ 
whidiMrShippennot thinking proper to doi a great Dis- 
pute arofe, upon the Qucftrottj Whether the Words taken 
down in Writing were the fame as had beeh feoken ? A 
Member having foggcfted. That there was no Precedent of 
tL Cenfure paiKd on a Member of the Houfe fbr Words fpo^ 
ken in a Committee^ Sir Charies Hodiam **, Member fbr sirdubothtn^ 
ttveAey, produced Inftances of the contrary ; and, on thfe 
odier Hand, Mr Shippen«having maintained what he had ad- 
vanced, it was, at lail, refolv'd, by 196 Voices aeainft 100 
That the Words taken down in Writing were fpoken by Mr 
Shippen. It was then about Nine in the Evening, and il 
being moved and carried. That the Chaiiynan leave the 
Chair ; Mr Speaker refwn'd his Place, and Mr Farrer re- 
ported from the faid Committee, * That Exceptions having 
b^en taken to feme Words fpoken in the Committee, by 
William Shippen, Efq; a Member of the Houfe^ the Com"- 
lidttee had directed him to report the Words to the Hoofc.* 
Wkich beins dbile accordingly, Mr ^ippen was heard in his 
Place, and then he withdrew. After Ais it was mov'd, that 
the Queftion mig^t be put, * That the Words fpoken by 
William Shippen, Efqj a Member of this Houfe, are highly 
difhonoorable to, and unjuiUy refledUng on, his Majefty^s 
P^on ahd Government/ This occafion'd a Debate that 
iafted 'till pafl Eleven ; when the Queftion being put, was 
carry 'd in the AfHrmative by 175 Voices againft 81 ; and 
dicreuponitwasorder'd, « That William Shippen, £fq; be, ^t^^^"t^' 
foe the faid Oflfehcc, committed Prifoner to his.Majefty's Si Twer for 
Tower of London, and that Mr Speaker do ifTue his War- ^J?^* 
i^ont accordingly/ 

Die. 5. The Commons went again into a Grand Com*- f^J^^^^ 
mittee, to coniider fkrdier of the Supply^ and a Debate ari- Land Forces. 
fing concerning the Number of Men for Guards and Garri- 
fens in Great Britain, and Jerfey and Guernfey only, 
without including the Forces Abroad, viz. the Plantations in 
X America^ 

• He toai made Oa^'Jifikt (f Chtfier^ M^ 3CJ^ fj^^* 
•f Apptiiitei Mrfet if the RoUs^ May 2.7. 1717. 
•» Made Colw9l tf thi Irinie <jf Wnki*i ^eyal Kegiment vf Vtagmi^ 
Jnly 18, 1717, 

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Mr JdTeriesli 
Speech thereon. 

(/ 1^2 ) 

Amerki^ the Garrifons^n Minofca, Gibndtar, Phcentk 
and AiuapoIiSy and of the Iflands Bahama "and Providence, 
Mr Jefferiesy Member for Droitwkh, made the foUowiog 

Mr Speaker, ■, 
' I Shall not ^i^e die Time of the Committee inmakbf 
an Apology for meddling in this Queftioa ; iince I appre* 
hend whatever I can yet call my own to be at Stake in the 
Event of it Whether the Army fhall be disbanded or con- 
tinlied in Time of Peace ? Whedier we .fhall be governed by 
l;he Magifhate, or the Soldier? Or, whether we ihali hd 
bond or free ? are, in my Opinion, Queftions of the fame 

* I think myfelf juftify'd in faying this, from the Examples 
of moil Countries in Europe. They were once free ; but if 
it be inquired, how, from the State of Fredom, they funk 
into Slavery, it wiU appear, that their conmion Ruin has 
proceeded from the Omtinuance qf regular Troops in Pay, 
after the Occafion for which they were rais'd was over. 

* That this JjQand has retained its Freedom longer than 
Che Countries on the Continent, has been imputed to its Si- 
tuation, which not being fo much expos'd to the Incuffions 
of its I^eighbours, there was not the Uke Pretence for keep- 
ing up regular Troops. , But th* Prefervation of our Liber- 
ties to this Time, is, in my Opinion, rather to be afcrib'd 
to the due Senfe our Fore^thers had of the Danger the Pt^- 
iick underwent from intKiiling Princes with a Handing Force 
in Time of Peace ; and alfo to the Meafure ohferv\l by the 
Houfe of Commons^ in giving fuch Supplies only, as en- 
abled the Prince to live in the full Enjoyment of his Prero- 
gative, without putting it into his Power to affed the Liber- 
ties of the Subjed. 

* From the firft credible Account of Things in this King- 
dom down toKingCharles II's Time, I can had no Xnilance, 
where the Crown kept up regular Troops in Tim^ of Peace, 
that of Richard II. excepted. ' 

' He livM in a tempeiluous Age ; he had Wars Abroad, 
and Comn\otions at Home. The firft Rebellion, headed % 
Wat Tyler, was compos'd without ihedding the Blood of any 
one of the Rebels, fave Tyler himfelf : The King gave them 
good Words ; they laid down their Arms, went Home, and 
were all pardon'd. Another Rebellion of the Men of Kent 
and Eflex broke out, which occafionM the King^s raifing an 
Army of forty thoufand Men. The Rebels apply'd by Pe- 
tition to have their Liberties and Franchifes aUow*d them. 
But the King fpoke to thefe in a different Style ; and told 
th^m, Slaye9 they w^e, and Slaves they flioold be. Five 


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hundred of dicm were cut to Pieces in the Fidd, and ^ftcen AnMi^«co.L 
HiMidred of them were afterwards execated in-cold Blood. < 
* This Severity aw'd the Nation for a while. But, the 
Difcontent of the People afterwards increafing, about the ' 
thirtieth Year of his Reign a Parliament was call'd, and to 
ufe the Hiftorian'? Words, left I-fliould offend any tender 
Ear, * all Endeavours were us'd to procure fuch a Parliament, 

* as would concur with the Kings Defigns.' Before they 
met. Forces wfere rais'd * to attend and guard the Parlia- 

* ment ; which might at the fame Time be an-' Awe upon 

* any rcfraftory Members.' touching the i^umbers of 
which this Army copfifted Hiftory is filcnt : This only we 
are given to know, that four thoufand of them were Arthers, ^ 
and thait many of them were Chefliire-Men. It is not to 
the prcfent Purpofe to go over the Extrayagjmcies of that 
Parliament. '\ . '*' 

« Into what a Statse Things were brought by that King's 
Condud, appear^ frtMii an Obfervation made by the fame 
Hiftorian, who fays, * That the King havii^ thus eftablifli'd 

* his Power, and put hrmiclf beyond all Oppoikion, thought 
•. Kmfelf fecurc, and anr abfolute Prince. ^ But it being laid 
« lifen ftich a Foundation, as begat many Difcontents among 
« wTtttfltCf^ a!f thfe Fabrick' proved weak, and was (bon 

* foflow*a-wiA hmiW^We Ruin.' Wheh 'that King^s Af^ 
fkfrs grew '^d^rate, • kn Oath was requirM from the Duke 
of Lancaftfer. ^ften^tds Henry IV. that he Ihould cauie 
the King to lehd Home the Chieftiire Guard, which was acj- 
tordhagfy done. . . ; ^ ^ 

« I obfcrve in the Debate it has been token for granted; 
That the Crown of Etigland has a Right to a Number of 
regular Troops, under* the Denomination of Guards. This 
is a Notion I can by no Means give into. It was not fcf ab 

Antiqttd. ' , ^ , ^ V 

« The firft Guards we hear of, the Yeomen of the Guardi, 
which were 'conftitutcd by Henry VII. being of anofher 
Kind, were in Charles IPs Time. That Prince immediate- 
^y after his Reftoration, got together a fmall Number of 
Guards, which at firft feem'd to be meant only to add to the 
Equipage and Splendor of the Court. But it foon appear'd, 
jthat he had other Views : The Gourds,, by adding Men to 
Troops and Companies^ and Troops and Companies t6 Re- 
giments, ivere mfenfibly increas'd ^ fo that in the Year 1677, 
tkey were got up to five thoufand eight hundred ninety Men. 
Few Seffions pafe'd, but they were taken Notice of in the 
Hoofcof Commons, and though Money was not ask'd of 
Parliament for their Support, yet diey oocafioned a general 
Uneafinefs.' X, ^ About 

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f 164 ) 

^^tS^^ * Alw* diat Ti^c.thej;e w?is a prc4jp^,jOf Wiur «dth 

t^i^iy/ Frai^^ 9n w)vjc1j Pxel;eoce ^ Araiy was xais'd. But tii^ 

"^^^^""^^ Wjir .jpi4»c proceeding, an A£lt pafc'd, whicK g^c tb^ King 

£x Jiundxed an^ ninete^ thoufand three thimdr^ and eighty 

eight Pouads for dlibanding the Armv, W^^ die PaxSar 

mnt met again, thjcy were tcdd from tfie Throo^ ' That ^e 

* Forces were iUil kept on Foot for ^ Pirpfc^rvatioa of Qvof 

* Neighbours, who otherwife had abiolutely deipair'4» and 
^ for preferving what was left in Flanders ; and that the ^ihg 
f 4vas confident no Body would repine at the Employing that 
^ Money, yvhich was rais'd for the diihaDding? the Aimy^ 
< for the Cofitmuance of it. 

^ This di4 not Ss^Usfj the Houfe^ and. the^rxame to a ^e- 
Ibjution, . * That it wa^ neceflary, for the Sitty of his Ma- 

* jcfty'5 Perfon, a»d preferving the Peace of the Govern* 
' ihent> That all Forces, raised fince the Iwentyrninth xil' 
' Septemlsi^ i677» il^ojuldbe difbanded.V Wheveupon that 
Parliament^ which went under ^^ ^m^ of the PenfioQarr 
Parliament^ was diilblv-'d* 

■' The new P^Uament which met on the. firft pf Match 
jbllowii^ had the fame Apprekenfions of regular Troi^pSh 
Mqjek^ wa« eiyen: ta difband them, 2^i4 J^J A^ dire&pd» 
ihat it fllo^ld be p^d, into the Ch^iUief iff. London i ;ipii 
Commiflioners of the^: own were appomiied to (ee jt iffjfifi 
to that Ufe. Whatever Diffidence, pf the ^ing d^ Jn^>t 
imply, I do not find that any Member lo$ his libqrt}^^ 
Freedonv of Speech on that QccafioQ, Tj^ Opinion , ti^t 
Parliament had of a (landing Army, appears m the lUfi^- 
lution ihey c^me ^ * That the C^^uance of ^ding 
f Forces in this I^ktion, other than the Militia, waa iU^pa)» 
' and a great Gf i^yaiice and Vexatipi^ j^ the People. 

*' I fliall now take JU^ve to confid^r ^ Aiguments ad- 
vanced for continuing fixteen thoufand duree hundred iCbrty 
IbveaMen for the ending Year. 
. It is faid, ' That there is a diiafSbai^ f'artyin the Kii^- 

* dom, which makes ^n^i&By. 

* If this Argument will prevail, /tis ilraii^e it has not 
prevaird Jor iix hundred Years pa(l» fince n^ Period within 
^at Time can be a0ign'd» wherein this Argument was not 
as ftrong as in the prefent. 

^ During the kmg Controverfy bei^yieeii the Honfesof 
York and Laacailer touching the R?ig^ of Succeflion, in 
which each Side had its Turn of liffiAg uppermoU, one 
would think it ihonld have been natui^ for the pre^^ing 
Party, in order to their S^urity, to hj^e infifted on the 
Continuance of their tegular Troops, at leaft for a Time^ 
There was a Pretender to the Crown^ who had a ibong 
Party in the Nation, and the Government was infecare 'till 


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( i65 ) 
^ S^rit of R«li(imoB was fupprdfsy. It might Acn wth Aaiio4.Gco.L 
m Appearance ^f R^fon have been infifled on. That the — ' '^ 
Taxes on the IXi&fFeded fhould be increas'd, that thofe, 
who occafion'd the Expencje, (hottid bear the Burthen 'd3 
the Danger was over. 

* Why this Sort of Reafoning did not then prevail is 
obvious. They faw it was unfafe to truft any Prince, even 
one of their own fetting up, with fuch ^ Power, which, if 
ill apply'd, m^ht enilave them. 

* Another miodof Time I fhall take Notice of is, that 
of Queen Elizabeth's Reign. The Difafieftion to her ia 
the Beginnii^of it was greatr oca5fi<^'<i by the Reformatioa 
in Refigion, and the Application of EcclefiafUcal Revenue^ 
to fecular Ufes. Many Plots there were againft her Life» 
Spain, one of the greateft Powers in Europe at that Time« 
attempted an Invaiipn, and a more proper Juncture couI<} 
not hav« hscmea-d, wherein to have • a&'d for an Army- 
Bat inftead ofQiat, t'he greateft Part of the Forces then go^ 
together to oppofe the Invaiion confifted of Militia, and as 
foon as the Ar^iado was fcatter'd, the Army was diibanded. 
That Queen bein^ fenfible, that the true, the only Support 
of the Crown, was the Good-wi}l and Affections of the 

* Another Argument brought for the Continuance of the 
Army is, ' That the denying it does infinuate a Di&uft of 
* hJs Majcftjr.' 

* How difii^genapip and unparliamentary a Way pf Ar- * 
hg this is, let Gentlemen judge : For to draw that ikcred 
ame into a Debate, muft put every Body to Pain, who 

^akes the other Side of the Queftion, in Regard it; niay bp 
conftm^d, that the ftronger the Argument is, the greater is 

' But this Reaipning, in my Opinion, turns quite another 
Way^ and infiead of implying a Diil/uft, argues the greateft 
R^ard te the Safety of his Majcflty's. Perton and Govern- 
ment. Who jcan ^fwer for the Capice of an Army» 
when once eit<^^di^4 .' 

* Although no Man living has a greater Eileem than my 
fclf for thofe honourable Uentlemen, who have with fo 
much Bravery f^rv'd their Country in a military Way, nor 
IhaU any M^ go farther in rewarding their Services ; yet 
the common E^rience of Mankind demonlbates. That it 
is not reafonable to expedi an Army fhould be always in tho 
fame Humour. Auguftus Caefar liv*d in great Peace and 
Security with the Praetorian Bands, which ^d put an End to 
the Roman Liberties ; but the Cafe was diiFerent >vlth his 
SuQccflbrs ; for of tw^nty-fix EmperoHi no lefs then fixteen ' 

" ' were 

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f »66 ) , , I 

AaA0 4.^i. vvere pvJTd to pieces by their own Soldiers.' Did not tli«| 
J|7 «7. Army here in England, in the Times of tTJTurpation, if t 
may be allowed to name them, in a fhort Space change the 
Government into ten feveral Forms ? What Treatment did 
the Parliament, who had cais'd. and fu^ported them, meet 
with from them ? They befet the Houfe, repulsed many 
Members who would have come in, others they dragged 
out even by the Leg3, and at length they were all turned 
out, afld the Doors fhut up. I fay this with the more 
A/Turance, having had the Accbunt front an honourable 
Perfon, lately dead, who was an Eye-witnefs of it. T^lifs 
Army, 'tis trwe, which confifted of about feventeen thoii- 
fand Men, afterwards btou^ht in King Charles the fecond. 
But that Prince foon difhanded them, being well aware that 
the fame Army which brought him in, fhould their Minds 
change, might again turn him out. 

* This Objeftion," drawn from a Diftrtift of his Majefty, 
deferves another Nam^. 'Tis an honeft, 'tis a reafoiiable 
Tealoufy of the growing Power of the Crown, which thofe 
thzt went before us always avow'd. May it hot with Parity 
of Reafon be faid. That Vcaufe I will not confent, that 
th^ King fhall by his Proclamation raife Money without 
Parliament, that this is a Dillruft of his Majefty? Becaufe 
I will not confent to give up Magna Charta^ and accept of 
a new Patent at Pleafiife, may not this likewife be calPd a 
Diftruft of hi^ Majeily ? But fuppofe from an Opinipif of 
the Virtue of the Troops ; from an Opinion, that Men in 
Power will not make an ill Ufe of it ; that thofe who may 
l}e Mailers, will chufe to continue Servants ; that Men 
under the fame Circumftances will not dQi^<d lame Things 5, 
and that ,welhould confent for ourfelves, * to depo&te our 
Liberties in their Hands for a while ; will, any one fey, 
that we have an Authority alfo to confent on the Behalf of 
thofe we reprefent ? A Sum of Money, a Jewel, or other 
valuable Thing is committed to my Cafe ; I without the 
Owners Confent leave it in the Polfeffion of another, al- 
though the Perfon with whom I left it, does not aftually 
embezil the Money, or detain the Jewel, yet do I break 
my Truft by putting it into his Power fo to do. 

* It is felf-evident that, by keeping up fuch a Number of 
Forces, who may, when they are dispoS'd, controul the 
Power of the civil Magiftrate, the Strength and Secu- 
rity of our Conftitution is at an End, and that we have 
no other Rule of Government left, than Will and Pleafurc. 
The Notion I have of Slavery is the being fubjeAed to the 
Will of another ; and notwithftanding the Rod, be not al- 
ways on my Back, or the Dragoon in my Houfe ; yet, if 
it is not in njy Power to prevent its being fo, I am no 


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{ i67 ) 
kmer fcee. After Augoftus iiad eftabli£b'd his ei^t thou- abm 4* Ce*. i. 
Ew r^iilar Troops^ the Roman Conftitodon Was as mach \^^^^\^>^ 
kt an £nd» as it was in Nero's Time. Although the Tynm* 
ny vna not by Augoilus exercisM with the like Severi^ it 
was by his SuccefTors ; yet, from, the Time his Power be« 
came irrefilUble, the Romans were Slaves, 
p * Another Argument us'd for this Number of Troops is, 

* That there are no Thoughts of eftabliflung them ; but ody 

* continuing them for a Year. 

* If the Notion be true, which no Gentleman in the De? ^ 
bate has den/M, That the Number of difcq^lin'd Men now 
contended for, are fufficient to didtate to the greateft Number 
of imdifciplin'd ; I defire to know who ihall dare to bid 
them go Home? *Tis faid indeed the Parliament will not 
provi^ for them : Why may not they then, as others in 
their Circuinfiances have done, provide for themfelves? Is it 
reafonaUe to think^ that Men will ftarve with Swords in 
their Hands ? 

' I am fenfible, that I have too much treipafs'd on Gen« 
tlemen^s Patience. I fhall fay no more ; but that Bodies 
Political as well as Natural, have their Periods : Govern- 
ments muH die as well as Men ; ours is grown old and crazy ; 
and the' flie hath furviv'd her Neigl5>our, yet I fear her 
Day approaches. 

After Mr Jefferies had ended his Speech, Sir Thomas 
Hanmer (poke as follows : 

Mr Speaker, . 
. • I cannot forbear troubling you with a few Words upon sir Thomas Han- 
this Sabje£l, tho' I can neither flatter myfelf with the Hopes ^id^lJ^- 
of convincing any one, nor pretend to be able to offer any SJ^ ^^-^^ 
Thing to your Confideration, which has not in a better 
^fenncr been urg!d already. But I am truly concerned for 
the Mifchiefs which, I think, we are giving Way to ; and 
if I cannot prevent them, it will be a Sati^faflion to me at 
leaft to protcil againft them. 

* All Gentlemen who have fpoke in this Debate, have, 
for their different Opinions, agreed in one Thing, to prefs 
very much the Argiunent of Danger ; and the only Quefti- 
on is, on which Side the Danger lies ; whether to the Go- 
vernment, wkhout a military Force to fupport it ; or to the 
Conftitution and Liberties of Great Britain, from that mili- 
tary Force, if it be allow'd to continue in it. # 

* As to the Dangers which threaten the Government, t 
Aink I am not willing to overlook them. . But I hope we 
may be excus'd, if we cannot be convinced of Dangers, which 
no Map, that I hea^^ pretends to explain to us. 

■ ' Abroad 

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( i68 ) 

lyuio 4*<^ t 'Abroad ib€ State ahd Circnmftances 6f Europe ixAPpt 
^JHl-^_/ to be fudr, Aat I tRinkft is hard to fuppofc ^ Time po^k 
" wfte^ there ihall be lefe Appearance or Apprdienfion of an 

ImMdiate Difturbance to ^s^ B^gdom. The three greei 
Pdwersy thofe which are moft confiderable m themfelvesj 
and of neareft Concern to m, I m^ah the fimpire, Firanc4 
and Hdland/ are fo far from being at any Enmity with U3| 
that they are sA of them our fail Friends and Allies, at leaft 
we are told fo, and hear very often a great deal of boafting 
upon that Snbjeft, whenever the Adniiniftradon of the Co-' 
terttiiient is to be e?ftdU'd, and the Merits of it are to be iet 
Ibith to us. Upon thofe Occafions we hear of nothing, but 
die wife andufeful Treaties which have been^ itiade, the great 
Influence which we have acauir'd in foreign Courts and 
Councils, and die (olid Foundations which are laid for our, 
Security. But when, in Confequence of thefe great Things, 
we come to talk of reducing Forces, then I obferve ue 
I^anguage is quite tum'd the other Way, then we are in the 
we^efl and taoft infecure Condition imaginable, there is no 
Dependence upon any Thing, and we muft even be thoc^ht 
difafFe£led to die Government, if ^e will not believe i£at 
we 2re furrounded on all Sides with the greati^ft Dangers.^ 
■^ * But in the midft of thefe Contrariedes and Contradi^ons 

I think we need not be at any Lofs what our Condu£l ought 
to be ; if we will but haxe Regard to thofe plain Rules and 
Maxims which have alwaya been obferv'd in the like C^es 
with that which is now before us. 

**It would certainly be an endlefs Thing, for an Houie of 
Commons to enter into the Secrets of State, and to debate 
upon the different Views, and Interefb, and Intrigues of 
Foreign Courts ; what Jealoufies are among them, and what 
Treaties are on Foot to reconcile them. If we take fuch 
Things into our Confideradons, to jguide us in Queftions 
concerning our own Guards* and Garrifons here atHome, 
we ihall be in a Labyrinth indeed ; and mud be compellM at 
laft to put an abfolute Truft in the Government, becaufe 
they only know the Truth of fuch Matters, and from thiem 
we mufl be content to feceive whatfoever Account they think 
fit to give us of them. But the only Thing proper for us to 
look to is, what is plain and obvious to the Senfe 6f all Man- 
kind, I mean. When are the Times of prefent ?eace. Tliere 
need no Refinements of Polidcks to know that, and I will 
venture to fay, that during fuch Times of Peace no remote 
Fears, no Arguments drawn from Contingencies of what nuy 
be hereafter,- have ever yet brought this Nation into a Con- 
ceffion fo fsLtal to Liber^, as the Keeping up of flanding 
Forces, when there is no other Employment for them, but 
10 mfuh and opprefs their Fellow Subjefls, J iay there has 

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( »«9 ) 
liitliertdbeennoPj'ecedefitofthfttkiiidy and tbe Misfbitiitte Aaa64.Qtti,t 
of this Cafe IS, there will need but one Precedent in it i^oiie \^^^4^ 
wrong Step taken, in this Particular, may pot an End to all 
your Claims of Rig|its and Privileges. 

' And on the other Hand I b^ it may not betaken fof 
granted, that if we difmifs onr Si^diers, we (hall therefore 
leave ouHdves naked, and void of all Protection againft saty 
iudden Danger that may arife. No, Sir^ Providence has 
given us the bed Protedion, if we do not foolifhly throw ^ 
away the Benefit of it. Our Situation is our natural Pro- 
tedion; our Fleet is our Protedion; and if we could ever 
be Co happy as to fee it rightly purfu'd, a good Agreement 
betwixt the King and People, uniting and adling together in 
one National Intercft, wotdd be fuch a Protection as none of 
our Enemies would ever hope to break through. 

^ It is a melancholy Thing to me to hear any other Notions 
of Government advancM here, and that his Majefly, either 
from his private or his general Council, fhould ever upon^thk 
Siibjeft have any Thing inculcated to him, but this great 
Truth, * That the true and only Support of an Englifh Prince 
' docs and ought to confift in the AfFedlions of his People.' It is 
That fhould ftrengthen his Hands ; it is That fhould give him 
Credit and Authority in the Eyes of other Nations ; and to 
think of doing of it by keeping up a Number of Land Forces 
here at Home, fuch a Numoer as can have any Awe pr 1th 
flaence over the great Powers on the Continent, is, I think, 
one of the wildeS Imaginations that ever enterM in|o the 
Heart of Man. The only Strength of this Nation muft al- 
ways confijl in the Riches of it ; Riches mufl be the Fruife 
of publick Liberty ; and the People can neither acquire 
Riches, nor die King have the Ufe of them, but by a 
Government founded in their Inclinations and Affeftions. 

* If this,be true, then of Confequence it follows. That 
whoever advifes his Majefly to aim at any additional Securi- 

Jf to himfelf from a ^ding Army, inflead of increafmg 
is Strength, does really dhnimfh it, and undermine his 
true Support, by robbing him of the Hearts of his Subjeds^ * 
For this I take for granted, that as there are but two Ways 
of Governing ; the one by Force, and the other by ike 
Afieaions of the Peopte govem'd, it is impoffible for any 
Prince to have them both. He muft chufe which of the 
two he will ftick to, for he can have but one. If he is 
Mafler of their AfFedlions, he flands in no -need of Force i 
and if he will make Ufe of Force, it is in vain for him to 
expea their Affedions. For it is not in Nature, and it cad 
never be brought to pais, that Men can love a Government, 
under which they are loaded with heavy Taxes i and pay a 
Confidcrable Part of their Eflates to maintam an Arm)V 

vot'. I. y ^^^^ 

Digitized by ^OOQIC 

( 1*70 ) 
^tm^'^ ^^^ ^^^ them in thePoffcffion of the reft, and can 
turn them out .of the whole whenever they pleafe. 

* With Submiffion therefore^ the Argument is taken by 
the wrong End/ when it is laid. There are great A^imo* 
fities in the Kingdom, the People are difaffeded, and npon 
that Account there is a Neceffity of keeping up an Army. 
It concludes much righter the odicr Way ; that is, difinifs 

, your Army, and give no other Caufe of Su^idon that any 
Part of the Conftitution is to be invaded, and the Pepple 
will be^well'^eded. Upon any other Foot than this, what 
Minifterwill ever care, whether he does right or wrong ? 
It is not his Concern, whether the People are eafy or un- 
cafy; his Army is his Dependence: Nay, and the more 
by his wicked Counfels he exafperates and enrages the Peo- 
ple, the fh-onger he makes his Pretence for maintaining and 
mcreafing that Army which fupports him. 

* What I have faid, I confefs, goes upon a Suppofition, 
that the Numbers containM in the Eilimate, and in the 
Queilion before you, do make an Army formidable enough, 
and able to enflave this Nation ; of which indeed th^ re- 
mains no Doubt with me. In the Manner thofe Forces are 
conftituted, 1' think, a Prince who would wifh to be ^bi- 
traiy, could defire no more; and if he had all the Power 
in his Hands, I think, for his own fake he would keep no 

* Of what Nature the Redudions have been other Gen- 
tlemen have fo fully explain'd, and I believe it fo generally 
nnderflood, that it will be needlefs for me to dwell upon it 
But the Short of the Cafe is this. That out of thirty two 
thoufai)d Men, thirteen Raiments only have been diiband- 
ed, which do not amount to more than five or fix thoufand, 
befides a few Invalids, which were taken from the Ella- 
bliihment of the Army, and put upon the Eftablifhment of 
the Hofpital. So that there are the Corps now fubiifting 
of more than twenty five thoufand Men, which Corps may 
be fiird up to their entire Complement whenfoever tht Go- 
vernment pleafes^ and that even jvithout any Noife, or No- 
tice taken. For the Cafe is very different in that ReQ)ed, 
where the Regiments are few, and thole kept compleat : 
There, if the. Numbers allowed by A€t of Parliament arc 
exceeded, it m\i(t be by raifing new Regiments, which is 
eafily feen and known. But where the Corps are kept up 
with only a few Men in them, and fomc Recruits will al- 
ways be neceflary for them, there, if the Government is 
willing to be at the Charge, they may keep the Numbers 
up to what they pleafe, ^d it is impoffible to know when 
the , Parliamentary Standard is exceeded, and when not. 
Thus therefore fiands our Account; In Uie fixft Place, the 

' Digitized by Google 

( «7« ) 
Pnblick is to pay eighteen thouland Men ; in the next Aiiiio4.Geo.i. 
Place^ the Number of efiedive Men is to be fixteen thou- l^^SJ/*^^ 
(and three hundr^ forty feven ; and if thofe are not fuffi- ^*^^V^^^ 
dent to exercife Dominion over us, yet; in the Mannec 
they are kept together, they are equivalent to twenty five 
thouiand Men; the Charge is/ inconiiderably lefs, and the 
Terror, which is the main Thing, is not at all abated. 

* For the taking this dangerous Step, the only JufHfica- 
tion I hear Gentlemen offer for themfelves, (he only Shelter 
they ily to, is the great Confidence which is to be reposed 
in his Majefty*s juft and gracious Intentions ; of thofe I 
will entertain no Doubt ; I believe his Majefty is too good 
to be funded of any arbitrary Defigns. But yet there is a 
general Sufpicion, which I will never be aihamM or afiaid 
to own ; becaufe it is a Sufpicion interwoven in our Confti* 
tution ; it is a Suipicion upon which our Laws, our Parlia- 
ment, and every Part of our Government is founded; 
which is. That too much Power lodg'd in the Crown, ab^ 
fhading from the Perfon that wears it, will at (bme Time 
or other be abus*d in the Exerdfe of it, and can never long 
confiftwith the natural Rights and Liberties of Mankind. 
And therefore whatever Opinions wc have of his Majefty^s 
Goodneis, and how much foever he deferves them, we 
Ihould ftill confider, that in this Place we are under a di* 
fdvi€t Duty to our Country, and by tfet Duty weWhould be 
as incapable of ^ving up fuch an unwarrantable Truft, as 
Ms Majefy, I am perfuaded, would be incapable of abufing 
it, if he had it in hi^ Hands. Thofe we replrefent wiS 
expedi, and they ought to expc6k from us, that they fhould 
not only continue to enjoy what belongs to them, as Englifti-* 
men j but that they fhould hpid it fHU by the fame Te- 
nure. Thdr Elhtes, their Lives, and their Liberties they 
have hitherto pofTefs'd as their Rights ; and it would be a 
very great and fad Change, and fuch as fhall never have my 
Confent along with it, to make them only Tenants at WiU 
for them. ' 

Dec, 6. In a Committee of the whole Houfe on the'Sup- TheCommmoeof 
ply, the Commons came to twelve feveral Rcfolutions. fcrcSiSSuiUMfl. 

It not being in the Compafs of ou/ Defign to recite them 
aH nine of them being, without any Oppofition, agreed to by 
the Houfe, and to be found at large in the VO TE S of this 
Seffion, we fhall only quote thofe three Rcfolutions of the 
Committee, as gave Rife to fome SFEECMES and DE- 
EM SS ; which, for the better Underftanding thereof, it will 
be necefiary to do. They are as follows ; t 

I. That the Number of effedive Men to be provided for 

Guards and Garrifons in Great Britain, and for Jcrfcy and 

' y 2 Guernfev;^ 

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( I7« ) 

41110 4. tteo^i. Cvncmkf, for the Year 171a, he ^6^2» commifioned az4 
l^^iJJL. oon-commiffiooed Officers inchided. Jl. That a Sum not 
S^^^^^^ eiBceediiig 681,61 &1. be mnted to hi$ Majefty, for defray- 
ing the Charge of the £ua 16347 cSeSdwt Men for Guards 
aM Garrifona^ and other his Majefiy's Land Forces in Great 
Britain, Terfey and Gaemfey» for the Year i7i8« III. 
That a oum not exc^ding 130361 1. 5 s. 5d. oe granted 
lo his M^efty, ibr the Charge of Half-pay to the re- 
duced Officers of his Majefty*s Land Forces and Marines, 
fa- the Year 171 8. 
Mf^forwcoBi- The firft of thefe Reibhitions being read the fecond 
peu^ ivee fime, arMotion was made, that the iame be recommitted ; 
iqpon which there arofe a warm Debate, and inoft of the 
Members who ^ke in the Debate of the 4th Jmftant, {Sa 
f>, 1 54.] fpoke either for or againft the laid Motion : But the 
QuefBon being put thereupon, it was carryM in the Nega- 
tive, by a ^jority of 175 Voices againft 12c 1 and then 
peiate tiiereon. ^ ^^ Kefohidon was agreied to by the HooJe. Tiie fe- 
cond Refolution being afterwards read a fecond Time, a 
Motion was made, that the fame be recommitted, which 
^ |L w^ipoie. occafionM a frefh Debate. Mr Robert Walpok, who made 
the moft remarkable Speech, urg'd, ' That by the Method 
that had been followed in the Redudion of the Army^ the 
Nation was put to an extraordinary and needlefi Charge.* 
Whicn he endeavour'drto prove, * &y enterine into the Par- 
' ticulars of the Regiments that were kept ftan£ng ; ihewing 
the Di^opordon between the Foot, and the Horfe and 
Dragoons, which laft were mod grievous and <^reffire to 
the Country ; and fuggefted, * That by reducing the Army 
in another Manner, tS^ full Number of Land Forces already 
voted, might be kept up, and yet near a hundred thoufand 
Pounds faved to the Nation, beddes the Pay of General 
Officers, which, he doubted not, all Gentlemen would rea- 
dily acknowledge, with him, to be an unnecei&ry Expence.* 
This Overture was liilen'd to with great Attention, and 
Sir Jo. jekyiL particularly Jby Sir Jofeph Jekyll, who, being defirous to 
know what Mr Walpole had to propofe, to mve fo confi- 
berable a Sum to the Nation, declared his Opinion for re- 
conunitting the fecond Refolution above-mention'd, which 
was cany'd without dividing. It was alfo refolv'd, Tkfct 
the laft of the three above-recited Refolutions be recom- 
S?Sa'*e'drSl P^^' 9* ^^^ Houfe refolved itfejf into a Grand Com- 
L^uid-Fotln. ^ mittee, to take into Coniideration the fecond Refolution, 
viz. for granting to his Majefty the Sum of 681,618 1^ 
Mr^wgp. which had been re<;pmmitted<. Mr Craggs, who fpoke firft, 
!faid, ^ That having already ag^ed to the Number of 
Trppps, it >v^s but na^ral and r^fon^ble to grant the Sum 


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( <73 ) 
neceSkry to maintain thofe Troops ; that die Commons had ABM^^ceo.!. 
never entered into the. Particulars of the Regiments, whether v>>"X^^^^ 
Horfe, Dragoons, or £oot ; but contenting tbemfelves with 
fixing the whole Number, had wholly left the i^egolating (^ 
that Matter to the Crown ; and therefore he hoped, thej 
would not ihew kis Regard to his Majeft}?, or repofe le& 
Confidence in his Wiidom, of which they had feen fo many JJjJj^'j^ 
Inftances, particularly both in augmenting and reducing of MrXieby.^ 
the Army.' Mr Craggs was feconded by Mr Aiilabie» Mr sfrR^^je. 
Lcchmere^ Mr Treby, Mr Yonge, Sir Richard Stedc, ^^^3^*"- 
Gen» Caqjcnter, Gea^ Wade» G^ Stanwix, and others : cea'stanwiz. 
Bat, on the other Hand, Mr R. Walpok, reprefented, Mr a. waipoif^ 
' That the beft Way for the Commons of Great Britain to 
acknowledge his Majefty's moil gracious Intentions for the 
Gqpd of his Subjeds, was to point out to him the Means 
of rendering shofe good Intentions efiiedual ; that this might 
be done by difbanding or difmounting eight or nine Regi- 
ments of Dragoons, whereby the Country would be eafed 
of a great Borden and Oppreffion ; and that by this, and 
fome other Redo^ions, of which, he made mention, a con- « 

fiderable Sum of Money might be faved to the Nation ; as 
well as by taking off the Pay of the General Officers, and 
other iifekis Contingencies.' Mr Walpok was backed by 
Sir Joief^ JekyH, Sir Thomas Hanmer, Sir William sirhj^n, 
Wyndham, Mr John Smith, and Sir Thomas Cro6; and, tiiw^w^ham. 
on the other Hand,.the Courtiers endeavour'd to fhew, cither sir |'h?^fi. 
that the Redndions propofed were impraifUcable, or would 
not anfwer the End intended therd>y. But fome General 
Officers having iaid, * That for their own Parts, if their 
having no Pay could any way contribute to mak6 the Na- 
tion Gkfyf they readily acquiefced,* They were taken at 
their Words ; and the Queftion being pot. That a Sum not « 

exceeding 650,000!. be granted to his Maje%, for de- 
fraying the Charge of 16347 effedive Men for Guards and 
G^fons, and ^hcr his Majefly's Land Forces in Great 
Britain, Jerfey and Guemfey, for the Year 171 8, the fame 
was carry'd in the Affirmative, by 1 72 againft i $ 8. And this 
Reiidution was the next Day reported and agreed to by the 
Houfo without Of^fition. . 

Dir. II. In a Grand Committee on Ways ^nd Means to fi:b«tecoMerang 
raife the Su^y, after fome Debate upon the Qucftion, ' « '^^ **• 
Whether two or three Shillings in the Pound be laid upon 
Land, it was by 1 64 Votes againft 97, carry 'd for the latter. 
There were great Struggles to fave the odd Shilling, but it 
would not do j for the nex^ Day Mr Farrer reported the 
Refolution of the Committee, which was agreed to by the 
Houfe 5 aod a BiU was prdcTci to be brought in accordingly. 


y Google 

Anno 4» 0«o. I* 

Debate concerning 
the Uilf-Fiy Offi- 
cers. '' 
Mr Freeman. 
Mr Hutchfion. 

Mr Craggs. 
Col. Bladen. 
Mr Aiflabie. 
Mr Lechmere. 

Debate concerning 
the Scarcity of Sil- 
vei^ and lowering 
the Gold Species. 


Mr Cafwail. 

( 174 ) 
This fiilly with an tmnfoal Difpatth paffed through both 
Hottf(^ in ten Days. 

Dec, 18. Mr Freeman and Mr Hutchefon, npon exam- 
inins the lAUts of Half-Pay Officers that had been laid before 
the lloufe, reprefented. That there were diree Sorts of 
Officers in the (iud lAdts, who, in their Opinion, had no 
Tide to the faid Half-Pay, via. the Warrant-Officers ; thofc 
under Age, and therefore uncapable to ferve ; and the Offi- 
cers who had Civil Employments. Mr Craggs *, Col. Bk- 
den, Mr Aidabie, and Mr Lechmere f , in Anfwer to thofe 
Objeftions, faid, * That the Half-Pay had never been denyM 
to Warrant-Officers ; and as for Cfecers under Age, they 
were very few in Number, and their Half-Pay given as a 
Recompence for the Services of their Fathers or near Rela- 
tipns.' However, after a Debate, it was refolved to prcfent 
four Addrefies to his Majefty on that Head. 

Dec. 19. Mr Aidabie, took Notice of the great Scarcity 
of the Silver Species, which, in all Probability, was occa- 
fion'd by the Exportation of the fame, and the Importation 
of Gold ; and proposed. That a fpeedy Remedy might be 
put to that growing Evil, by lowering* the Value of the 
Gold Species. He was feconded by N& Cafwall, Member ' 
for Leominfter, one of the Sword Blade Company : But 
Mr Rt Walpole, who did not expeft fuch a Motion, £aid, 
* This, was a Matter of fo great Importance, that it ought 
to be well weighed and maturely coniiderM, before the 
Houfe came to any Refolution thereupon.* It was accor- 
dingly refolv'd toconfider of it the next Momilig in a Com- 
mittee of the whole Houfe. 

Dec. 20. Mr Aiflabic renew'd theMotionhemade the Day 
before, relating to the doin, and was feconded by Mr 
Cafwall **, who made a Speech, on the various and re- 
fpedive Values which, it different Times, Gold and Silver 
Coins have bom, with re(ped one to the other, according 
to the Plenty or Scarcity of either j and fuggefted, * That 
the Over-valuation of Gold in^ the current Coins of Great 
Britain, had occafion*d the Exportation of great Quanddes of 
Silver Species ; and to that Puxpofe, laid open a dandefUne 
Trade, which of late Years had been carry'd on by de 
Dutch, Hamburghers, and other Foreigners, in Concert wim 
the Jews and other Traders here. Which conMed in ex- 
pordng Silver Coins, and importing Gold in LieU thereof, 
which being coin'd into Guineas at the Tower, near 15 
Pence was got by every Guinea, which amounted to about 5 

• P^ 

• Mt^ Secretary qf State in this Sejpon, 

t -w^-^* AttntneyGeneral and a Friv/'CoKnf^ in this Seffimy W t^ 

Kofim of Sir Edward Nor thev. . 
•*■ Ktfi^htcd dming this SeJJion, 

y Google 

, ( '75 ) 
per Cent, and as thefe Returns might be made five or fix Aimo4.Geo. l 
Times in a Year, confiderable Sums were got by it, to the v,^\/vy 
Prejudice of Great Britain, which thereby was drained of 
Silver, and over-ftock'd with Gold : Concluding, that in 
Ks Opinion, the moil effedual Way to put a Stop to this 
|)ernicious Trade, was to lower the Price of Guineas, and 
/all other Gold Species.* This Speech was received with 

I j general Applaufe, and it was refolv*d m the Grand Com- 

II mittee, and tmanimoufly agreed to by the tiouie. That an 
i Addrefs be prcfented to his Majefly, to iffue his Royal Pro- 
f damation, to forbid all Perfons to utter or receive any of 

the Pieces of Gold calPd Guineas, at any greater or higher 
Rate than one and twenty Shillings for ea^h Guinea, and 
fo proportionably for any greater or leiTer Pieces of coin*d 
Gold. This Addrefs being prefented to his Majefiy, a 
Proclamation was ifTued accordingly. 

Dec. 22. The King gave the Royal Aflbnt to the Land- 
Tax Bill, and then the Houfe adjourned. 

yan. 22. The Commons, in a Conimittee of the whole second Debate m. 
Houfe, confider'd farther on the Supply, and Mr Hutche- ^eS^oiTi^f-^^ 
fon urg'd. * That' the Lifts of th^ Half-pay Officers werp ,^Hitchci«n. 
charg'd with many who had no Right to it : He was ftrc- 
nuoufly fupported hyfAr R. Walpole, who particularly ob- 
jected againft allowing Half-pay here to the Officers of the 
13 Regiments lately reduc'd in Ireland. Mr Craggs an- ^^^ ,^ ^^ip^^ 
fwcr'd them/ and Mr Walpole having fu^efted that Mr MrCraggs. 
Craggs had not been long in 'Office ; tins laftreadily own^d, 
* That tho' he could not boaft of fo much Experience in 
ASdirSf as a certain Gentleman, yet this he was fure of, 
that, though a Novice, he would, ten Years hence, be of 
the fame Opinion he was of at pfefent> and not imitate them, 
who changed theirs, as they were in or out of Place.* - 
Hereikpcm Mr Walpole appealed to the' Committee, * Whe- 
ther, while he had the Honour to be in Employment, he 
had not declared his Opinion as freely as he did at prefent, 
particularly in relation to the Matter now before them V 
Mr John Smith, Sir Henry Bunbury f. Member for Chefter, ^r j. smkh. 
and Sir William Wyndham, fupported Mr Walpole, and Ji^ Hen Bu^bary. 
all of them did Juftice to the Officers who had ferv d 
their Country in the two laft Wars ; excepting only againft 
the Abufe which had been made of the National Bounty, in 
granting Hal^-pay to thofe that did not ^ferve it. On 
the other Hand, Mr Aiflabie, Colonel Bladen, 'Sir Charles ^^^^^;; 
Hotham, Sir Ricfeard Steele, General Wade, Mr Lowndes, sir *ch. Hofhtm. ^ 
and feveral others, fupported, Mr Craggs ; and Mr Bofcaw- c^en^widJ"**"* 
C8, laid, * That, in his Opinion, the Officers who had JJj^^S^^i 


t CvmifiHm (f 4ft Kfvmi m Jr^^t in ibt Ute Slueen's Keign. J^ 

, * Digitized by VjOOQIC 

Anna 4- ^^* I* 

Farther Debate 
relating to the 
Half-pay Officers. 


Lord Broderidc 


94,000 1, eranted 

An Addrcfs for fup- 
« plylhg all Vacan- 
cies in the Troops, 
(theHorie and Foot 
Guards^ Horfe and 
Grenadiers excep- 
ted,] with Half-pay 
\ .Officers. 

( 176 ) 

ktely ierv'd againft the Rebels Id Scotland, and in the 
North and Weft of England, had no lefs merited than thde 
who had ferv'd many Years in foreign Wars, fmce by fop- 
preffing a moft unnatural and deteHable Rebellion, th^ Ibi 
delive^d their Country from its mod dangerous Enemie&y 
But though the Court Party, inftcad of about 130,361 f 
to which the Lift -of Half pay for 171 8 amounted, woulc 
have been contented with 115,000!. yet a Motion^ being 
made, and die Queftion put. That the Chairman leave the 
Chair, it was carry'd in die Affirmadve, by 1 86 Voices 
againft 148. 

yan. 24. The Houfe went into a grand Committee, to 
confider farther of the Supply } particularly in relation to 
Half-pay j and Mr Hutchefon and Mr Walpole chiefly in- 
lifted, * That the Officers of the 13 Regiments reduc'd in 
Ireland, ought to have been plac'd oh the Elkblifhment of 
that Kingdom.' The Lord Vifcount Broderick *, IVfomber 
for Midhurft, endeavour'd to juftify the Miniftry there, and 
reprefented how hard the Cafe of thofe Officers would be, 
if they were ftruck off the Englifh Eftablifhment. To which 
Mr Walpole reply'd, ^ That 'twas Matter of Surprise, that 
an End had been put to the Seffion-^of the Parliament of 
Ireland, without making Provifion tor the faid Officers.' 
After this it was agreed to ftrike off the Lift of Half-pay 
all the Minors under ftxteen ; feveral Warrant Officers , the 
Officers of the i j Regiments reduc'd in Ireland, and the 
Chaplains not provided for; Notwithftanding whidi, the 
Courtiers ftill demanded 1 15,0001. for the Lift of JIalf-pay; 
but upon the Motion for the Chairman to leave the Chair, 
which was carry'd without dividing, the Speaker refom'd 
it, and the ^rther Coniideradon of that Matter was put off 
to the next Day. 

yan, 25. The Commons went again into a Committed 
of the whole Houfe on the Supply, and the Courders re- 
new'd the Demand of 1 15,000 1. for the Lift of Half-pay. 
On the other Hand, the oppofite Party were for reducii 
that Sum to 80,000 1. But Mr Walpole having propos'd 
94,000 1. the fame was readily accepted on both Sides. 

Then Mr Freeman mov'd, * That the Vacancies in tie 
Guards fhould be fupply'd by Half-pay Officers ;' But the 
Qgeftion being put thereupon, it was caj-ry^d in the Nega- 
tive by 164 Voices againft 156. 

Mr Speaker having refum'd the Ch?iir, Mr Farrer imme- 
diately rq>orted to the Houfe, * That the Committee had 
diredlcd him to move, and it was accordingly refolvcd. That 
an humble Addrefs be prefented to his Majefty, that all Va- 


* Lord CbanetUor 0/ JnHmd*. 

y Google 

( Ml ) 
wUch ihatl luqpp^ m the Troops up<m die Britiih 
EtoMiihmcnt be fappl/d by Half-Pay Officers, or Officers < 
rcdnc'd in Great Britain of the fame Rank, except in the 
Hode.and Foot-Goard^and Horfe- Grenadiers/ The (kid 
.Addrefi was accordingly prefented to the King. 

Jmn. z^i Mr Bofcawen acquainted the Houfe, that his 
Majefty had commanded him to inform the Houfe, *' That *"« King*i Aa- 
*• Orders ihould be given, purfuant to the above Addrefe, his *''" '^^^ 
*' Majei^ being de&oos^ on all Occafions, to contribute, as 
'* &r as in him lies, to the Eafe of his People.'* After this, 
Mr Farrer reported the Refolutions on the Supply, which 
were agreed to, and may be feen at large in du: FO TE$ 

Febrtiary 4. The Houfe refolv'd itfelf into a Grand Com- 
mittee, upon djeBiU, For regukting tht Forces^ and for Pav- S^^Sfa^^** 
manu oftb^Atwf^ &c. After reading the Bin,andthc Articles 
Of War, Mr Hutchefon excepted againft the Claufe, enad- ^ »«ttWb 
ing^ ' That it fiiall and may be lawful to and for Court Mar- 
' tials to puniih Mutiny and Defertion with Death, urging^ 
' That a Court Martial was never allowed of in England in 
Time of Peace, as being inconfiHent with the Rights and 
Liberties of a free IVople ; and mov'd, ' That the Offences 
committed by the Soldiery be cognizable and puniih'd by 
the Civil Magiftrate.' Sir William Thompfon anfwer'd Mr sir w. Thompfon. 
Hutchefon, and the laUer was feconded by Mr Edward Har- Mr t, Hariey. 
ley, who, to (hew the Danger of a (landing Army governed 
by Martial Law, quoted a Book written by a noble Mem* 
ber of the Houfe, intitled. An Account of Denmark, Here- 
upon I^rd Molefwprth, [Author of that Book,] endeavoar*d LordMofcf^orOi. 
to fhew, * That this was not a parallel Cafe , that the pre- 
fent Pofture of ASsdrs in Great Britain was vallly different 
from the State of Things in Denmark at that Jundiure ; and 
that the Commons having already 4eclar'd it neceffary to 
maintain the ftanding Forces, it was no lefs necefilary to 
keep thofe Forces within the Bounds of Duty and Difcipline, 
bjr the ordinary Rules of Martial Law, as was ever pra6tis*d 
in all civilized Nations.' Sir Gilbert Heathcote having sirCHeathcote 
back'd the Lord Molefworth, Mr Hungerford fatd, ' He Mr HuDferiM. 
xe^ember'd a remarkable Faflkge in The Hiflory of the Rew- 
hakns of Sweden^ which was. That one Sun^, a rich Burgher 
of Stockholm, who had much contributed to the keeping up 
a ftanding Army, was the firft that wa^ hang'd by Martid 
Law. General Lumley and fome others were of Mr cen. LnmicT. 
Hntchefon's Opinion ; and, on the other Hand, Sir Jofeph sir j. jdcyii. 
Jekyll was for keeping up the Martial Law, at kan, one 
Year longer.' But the. main Difpute fell between Mr 
Craggs and Mr Robert Walpole, who in the Heat of Ar- mJ iL^jwk, 
gttiiient could not forbear letting drop fbme flarp Refte6U- 

VolL ' Z ons. 

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{ iS6 I 
Anno 4. OOP. «. GEORCfB R. ' 

yJJi^S/'-s^ ^ U^^ Majefty being at preferit engag'd in fevcul Nc- 
King»»Meflkafbr " Jtx gotiati<tos of tKc utmoft Concern to the Wclfereof 
wjg^^^ «* thefe Kangdoms, and the Tranyalitjr of Europe j and ha- 
^ '^ << vins lately reeeiv'd InfornultKm nt>m Abroad, which 

'< makes him judge that it will give Weight to his Endear 
<• vours, if a Kaval Force be emjploy'd whem it (hall be 
** necei&ry, does think fit to acquaint this Houfe therewith ; 
** not doubting but that in caic he fliould be oUigM, at this 
*' critical Jun^ure, to exceed the Number of Men granted 
^ diis Year for the SearService, the Houie will, at their 
^* next Meetings provide for fuch Eaiceeding, 

Upon this Sir William StricUairi mov'd, « That an Ad- 

• dreis be prefented to his Majefty, to retmn his Majefty the 

AttAddfdi tfieic- Thanks of this Houfe, for his unwearied Endeavours to 

^ womotetheWclfefBof his Kingdoms, and to preferve the 

Tranquility of Europe ; and to affure his Majefty, Tliat this 

Houfe will make gpod foch Exceedings of Men for the Sea 

Service of the Year 1718, as his Majefty in his Royal Wif- 

dom ftiall find necefikry to obtain thofe defiraUe Ends.* This 

Motion being feconded, and tl^Quefti<m put therenpcw, 

was carry'd without dividing. 

~ It is very remarkable, that the Sp^ifh Embaftkdor ha- 
ving about this Time expoftulated concerning the great 
Preparations for fending a Fleet into the Mediterranean, Mr 
JKf!;;,'!^!^^ Walpole faid, ' That inch an A^refs had all the Air of a 
thatAddrefi. ' Declaration of War againft Spam. 

Marc^ 1 8. Mr Boicawen acquainted the Houfe, That their 

Addrefs had been prefented to his Majefty ; and that he was 

commanded by his Majefty, to return lus Majefly*s hearty 

TJie K' 's An- ^^*^"^ '^ ^^^® Houfe, and to afture them, that his Majtfhr 

fwertoulaboTe fhall think himfelf obligM, in Return of the great C(»m- 

^'**'*** dence they have>eposM in him, not only to ufe the ntmoft 

OEcMkomy that (hall be confiftent with the real Intereft of 

h!^ SubjeQs for this enfuing Year ; but Hkewife to aj^y his 

moft eameft Endeavours to prevent future Burthens to his 

People, by efbiblifhin^ a lafting Peace and Tranquility. 

March 2\. The King went to the Houfe of Peers, and 
the Commons attending, his Majefty gave the Roval Afient 
to fcver^l Bills. 

After which the Lord Chancellor read hi» Majefty 's 
-Speech to both Houfcs of Parliament, as follows, viz. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
The Kins'* Speech ^^ T Cannot put an En3 to this Seftion, without returning 
totCxIrt^ *• 1 my hearty Thanks to fo good a Parliament, for the 
^f^ «* Difpatch %bich has bccip givei> to the publigk Bufincfs. 

^ i\Yoa 

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** Yon will, I hope, in your private Capacities, feel the abm 4. oeo. l 
** ConTeiuence of an early Reeds ; and I am perfoaded the \^^!\^ 
" PaUick will receive great Benefit, by the imonaUe Zeal 
^ and Vigour of your Refolotions in Support of my Go* 
** vemment. 

*' Nothing can add fo much to the Credit and Influence 
** of this Crown, both at Home and Abroad, as die le- 
** peated Inftances of your AfFedion to me. This Stoidi- 
** neis and Refolution of yours, will, I Ik^, enable me to 
*' procure, dgunSt your next Meeting, fudi Treaties to be 
** concluded, as will fettle Peace and Tranquility among 
** our Neighbours. 

** If through the Blefling of God my Endeavours to thte 
" &id prove fuccefsful, I ihall have the Satisftdion to 
'* fiknce even thoie who will never own them&lves con- 
'* vinc'd ; and to let all the World fee plainly, that what 
** I have moft at Heart, is the Good and Welfiure of mj 
** Peof^, who may then be eas'd in their Taxes, and en^ 
" rich'd by their Trade. 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Conunons, 

** I mnft return you my particular Thanks for the Sup- 
^* plies yon have fo chearfiilly granted, and for the late In- 
** ftance of your Confidence in me. I promife you, that 
** my Endeavours (hall not be wanting to make Ufe of both 
** to the bed Advantage for the Good of my People. 
My Lords vaA Gentlemen, 

^' The PrafiUces which are daily usM by»a moft relUefe 
*^ and unhappy Set of Men, to diflurb a Government by 
" whofe Clemency they are proteded, require our utmoft 
'' Attention and V%ihnoe. I muft therefore recommend 
'* it to you, that in your fevend Statidhs and Countries, 
'< yon will endeavour to qudl that Spirit of Di&ffedion, 
*^ which our common Enemies are &> induftrious to fo- 
'< meat. 

Then the Lord Chancellor prorogued the Parliament to 
the 20th of May ; after which they were fiirther prorogued 
to the I ith of Noyember. 



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( i9z ) 


In the Fourth Session ojf the 
RrfiTarliament 4ifKingQno%GE L 

AaBos. Geo.i. ^T'^^^ ^ ^'^ ^^ November the King came to the 
^j;7*«j^^.l 1 Mode of ?eers» and the Comiiioils «tteiHlii%, Ws 
^•^^^^^^ V.-^ Majefly delivcr'd die Mowing Speeeb im» the 

Hands of the L(»d Chancellor, who r^ the isune to both 


My Lords and jQendemen, 
cag^r sijeech at ** Qloce yowT 10 Reccfs, I have, by the Bleffing of AI- 
SS£?***^'^**Onughty<3od;c»ncluded fiichTcnns and Conditions 
" oS Peace and AHiance between the gneateft Princes of 
'< Europe, as will, in all human Appearance, indoee others to 
«* follow their Eaounple, and make any Attempts to difturb 
^' tihe publick Tranq^oility not only dan^rcnis bnt i«iprac- 
*' ticable. 

** Thefe Engagements, I am perfoaded, will hR Ibmuc^ 
** the more agreeaUe to all mj good Sabje&s, as Aty iund 
*' the toatraSing Pbwers to (upport die Subc^ffion to thefe 
'* Kingdoms in my Family, to whidh fame wei« not at all, 
** and o^ers not fo fully, bound by any farmer TresMties. 

" During the whole Courfe of Acfe Negociadonis, a moft 
'• ftria Regard has been had to the Intotft of Spain ; and 
** better Conditions hare been ftipulatcd for that ELing, than 
" were iniifted u|)on in his Behalf even at the Treaty of 
•• Utrecht ; but the War in Hungary, which by our Me- 
'* Nation is fmce happily ended, havii^ tempoed the Court 
" of Spain unjuflly to attack the Emperor, and the ifepes 
* ' they have fince concdv'd of railing Difturbances in Great 
** Britain, France, and eHc where, iiavingenctfurag'd them 
*' to believe, thatweihould not be atie to aa in ^rfiianoe 
'' of our Treades, for the Defeneeof ^ Dominions in- 
*• vaded by them, nor even to fupport thofe other effemial 
" and neceflary Condidons of the Treaty of Utrecht, 
** which provide againft the great Monarchies of Europe, 
" being at any Time hereafter united under one Sovereign, 
" they have not only perfifted in.fuch a notorious Violation 
** of the publick Peace and Tranquility, but have rejedled 
** all our amicable Propofals, and have broke t^ro' their 
" moft folcmn Engagements for the Securitv of our Cbm- 
•*' merc-e. 

" To 

y Google 

( 183 ), 
** To vindicate ^ttfon tke Faitb of our former Trea.- AiiB§5rCcP.L 
'' tics» aa well as to mainuin thofe which we lately made» ^"■^/^ 
<* and to proted ftiid dele^d the Trade of my SubjefU, . 
<* which has in every Branch been violently and unjuftty 
** oppre(s*dy it became neceflaiy for our Naval Forces to 
'* ckeck tlMhr Pto^reit. It was feafonabk to h<q>^ that 
** the Siicob6 of our Arms, the repeated Offers of Friend- 
*^ fliip, whidi I hare never ceas'd to make in the mod . 
" . prefiflg Manner* and the Meafures taken in Concert with 
*' the Si^peror and &e moft Chriitian King, to reftore the 
'* piditidc Tranquilky, would have produced a better Dif- . 
** pofition in the Court of Spain ; but I have received In- 
" ^ormatioBs, that inftead of Mening to our reafonable 
*' Terms of Accommodation, that Court has lately given 
'< Qkders at all the Ports of Spain aoid pf the WeH-Indies, 
'^ to fit out Privateers, and to take our Ships. 

*' I am perfuaded that a Britifh Parliament will enable 
" me to reJent fuch Treatment, as becomes us ; and it is 
'* w^ Heafure that I can aflure you /of the ready and 
'< firsen^y Refolutions of our good Brother the Regent of 
** France, to concur and join with me in the moil vigorous 
" Meaiiires. 

*• The firm Confidence I repofe in the Affedion of my 
'^ People, together with my eameil Defire to eafe them of 
" every Charge not abfolutely neceflary, determin'd me, 
" imniediately ^Iter the Exchange of the Ratifications of 
** our great Alliance, to make a very confiderable Reduc* 
** tion of our Land-Forces ; nor could I better expreis, 
*' than by £6 doii^, how litde we af^rehend the Attempts 
'* of our Enemiet to difturb the Peace of my Kingdoms, 
" even tho' ^pain ihould think fit to continue fomeTime 
" in War. Our Naval Force imploy'din Concert with our 
'' Allies, win, I tmft in God, fbon put a happy End to 
*' the Troubles wMeh the ambitious Views of that Court 
" have begun, and fecure to my Subjeds the Execution of 
" the many Treaties in force relatmg to our Commerces 
, Gentlemen of the Houfe of Ccmupions, 
** I muft defire you to grant me fuch Supplies, as will 
" enable me to carry on & Service of the Year. I have. 
" given CMers to have tikt pr<^r. EiUmates laid before. 
" you, whereby you wiU perceive I have reduc'd the Ex- 
" pence as much as our Ciicumibn(£s can well admit. I 
*' nave the Pleafure to obferve to you, that the Funds ap- 
" propriated for finking the publK^ Debts, have anfwer'd 
'' above Expedation. I muft h#(^ver recommend to you 
" to confider of proper Methods for imjMroving them, by 
** prevenung the Frands and Abufes daily committed in 
!^ die piibl^ Remiirs, nki doubtil^g in all your Pro- 
" ' ceedings 

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t tS4 ) 
'^ ceedii^ yon will have that Rcgai^ to the invIolaUe Prtf- 
'' fenration of the paUkk CrecSt,, which may qviet the 
'* Minds of all thole that have tnifted to Pariiamentary 
'< Ei^gements. 

My Lords and Gendemen, 

'* There never was a Time when your Unanimity, your 
*' VigouTy and Difpatchy were more necefiary to fo many 
** good ^ids, as thofe we have nowin View^ I havedone 

my Part. It remains with yoa to give the laft FinMhing 
<* to this great Work. * Our Friends and our Enemies, 
*' both at Home and Abroad, are waiting the Event of 
*^ yonr Refolations : And I dare promife my felf that the 
<* firft have nothing to apprehend, nor the others to hope, 
** from your Conduft in this important Jondhire, who have, 
•* during the whole Courfe of my Reign, given fuch lively 
*' Proofs <>f your Zeal and Affedion to my Perfbn> and of 

your Love to your Country." 



The Commons being returned t6 their Houfe, Mr Craggs, 

, by his Majefty's Command, prefented to the Houfe Copies, 

in Latin, of feveral Treaties, with a Lift of them ; and 

the Title of the Copies of the &id Treaties were read, and 

t^idgjibrMK. then the Lord Hinchingbroke mov'd, * That an humble 

dRftofThanki. Addreis be prefented to his Majefty, returning the Thanks 

of the Houfe for his moft gracious Speech from the Throne, 

and for the many and great Inftances which he has therein 

given to his People, of his conftant Endeavours for their 

Security and Welfare ; That the Houfe has intire Sadf- 

h€tion in thofe Meafures which his M^efty has already 

ta^en for ftrengthening the Proteftant Succeffion, ^nd efta- 

Uifhing a lafting Tranquility in Europe ; and particnlarly 

in relation to the Crown of Spain ; and is idolv^d to 

enable his Majefty, in Concurrence with his Allies, not 

only to reient the Injuries that Crown has already done to 

. the Commerce of thefe Kingdoms, in Breach of the Tren- 

Debaie thtreoa. tics fubfifting between the two Nations, but will likewife 

lord Tvromnd. fupport him, in Hie moft vigorous and eftedual Manner, 

Sfr L^^S**^ in luch farther Meafures as his Majefty fliall judge neceflary 

ȣ ^'Kiith ^^ compleat the publick Tranquil ty, and to check the 

8i^6?HeaScote. Growth of that Naval Power, which muft odierwife prove 

Bfribin^^' dangerous to the Trade of thefe Kingdoms, and to the 

S£b^^ Repofe of Europe.' The Lord Hinchii^broke was back'd 

Col. Btaden. by the Lord Tyrconnel, Sir David Dalmni^e, Mr Lech- 

Mrgecman. mcrc, Mr Craggs, Mr John Smith, Sir Gilbert Heathcote, 

S£ ^S&: Sir Wilfrid Lawfon, Mr Hampden, Mr AiflaWe, Mr Bbf- 

Mr^^ifonL ^^®"> -^^d Col. Bladen ; but the Motion being oppos'd 1^ 

sfr'j"j3SiL ^^ Freeman, Mr Heyiham, Mr Walpole, Mr Sncll, Mr 

Mrcowpor. Hungcrford, Mr H^ne^ Sir Jofcj* Jekyll, Mr Cowper,- 

~ Sir 

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( t85 ) 
Sk WHlum Wyndfaam, Mr Shippen^ Loi4 MofefwQfth» ^^$^^ 
and General Rois, a warm Debate eafaed. k^/^^^^'^sJ 

The Country Party fbenuoufly objeded againft theWords^ sir w.wyidN&* 
entin Satisfa^ion in tboje Meafuru ^hkh bis M^tfty bad ^rtiBSlrorth. 
already taken. In order therefore to hare thefe WoriU left &Roi>. 
out of the Addrefs^ it was alledg'd in the jficft Place, That 
it was unparliamentary and unprecedented, on the firft Day^ 
of a Se^n to enter upon Particulars i TMt the Bufine&iii 
Qgeftion being of th^ higheft Importance, viz. Peace or 
War, deferv'd the matureft Deliberation ; That before they 
ajqprov'd of the Meafures that had been taken, they oi^ht 
to examine the" Treaties, and the Reafons on which thofe 
Meafures wete founded, which muft needs cake up fome 
Time ; And therefore they ought, for the prefent, according 
to the ufual Cuftom, to content themfelves with returning 
his Majeily their Thanks fbr his S^ech, with general AA 
furances of their Zeal and Affedion for his Majeily*s Peribn 
and Government, and then appoint a Day to take the (aid 
Speech into Confideration. * 

To this the Courtiers anfwcr'd. That tho* all Applicati- 
ons from the Houfe to the Throne difFer*d according to the 
various Circumftances of Affairs, yet thererwere not wanting 
I^-ecedents to fupport the Expreffions excq>ted againft, ^ 
which fome Inftances were produced : That the Meafures 
that had been talun, were grounded on Treaties that had 
been laid before thenv and which might be examined into 
as foon as the Houfe thought fit s but that ft was necei&uy, 
at this critical Jundiure, when the Eyes of all Europe were 
fix'd on this Parliament, e^ly to come to a vigorous Re^ 
iblutidn, whi^ woukt not fail having its due We^ht 

This was warmly o|^x>s'd by Mr R. Walpole, who uig'd, MtR. Wiiptii. 
* That it was ^ainft the ccMnmon Rules of Prudence, aiKl 
the Methods of proceeding in that Houfe, to approve a 
Thing before they knew what it was : That he was tho« 
roughly convinced of^ and as ready .as any Perfon in that Af* 
fembly, to acknowledge his Majefiy's great Care for the gr* 
nerai Peace oF Enrc^, and the Intereft of Great Britain i 
but that the giving Sandion, in the Manner propos'd, to the 
late Meafures, could have no other View, than to fltreen 
Minifters, *who were confcious of having done fomething 
amifs, and, who having begun a War againft Spain, wodla 
now make it the Parliament's War : Concluding, That in- 
HatsA of an entire Satis&dion, they ought to ftiew their en* 
tire DiftatisfaiUon with a Condu^ that was contrary to the 
JUws of Nations^ and a Breach of folemn Treaties.* Upon 
this Mr Craggs gave the Houfe an Account of the Meafures i^ cragp. 
which the King and his Minift^rs had purfu^ fpr reftoring 

'Vqi. I. A a ' - wid 

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\ I 186 ) 

^w^ eked. 1. andPf«carmg th* Tiunquiiity of Europr, and fM, * That upon 
|J2JL^^ that View a Treaty of defcnfive Alliwicc between his M^e- 
^^ ^^"^ fly and the Emperor had been £gn'd ia May 1716, a»d by 
that very Gentkman, then in a high Stfttioa» who now «x- 
, cepted againft thefe Meafares : That^ at the fame Time^ 
his Majcfty finccrely defir'd and endcaroiir'd to maintain d 
perfbd Friendflnp with the King of Spain, and had even 
proposed a defenfive Alliance to him, before he made one 
with any other PoWer ; That notwithftanding the Engage- 
ments his Majefty was under to guaranty the Neutrality of 
Italy, and to defend the Emperor in the PolTei&on of his 
Dominions, which> upon the Invaiion of Sardinia, might 
have juftify'd his Majefty's aflifting his Imperial Majefty 
againft Spain ; yet the King chofe rather to a£t as a fri^dly 
Mediator, and, in Concert with the Regent of France, en* 
deavour'd to fkd out Means of reconciling the Intereils of 
die Emperor and of the Ipng of Spain, as the only Way to 
piat Sr Stq> to the W^ that threatened Italy, aiKl in which 
all Europe nii!ght be involved : Tl^t th« Catholick Kii^ 
was often follicited by the Britiih Miniilers atMadrid, to con-i 
cur with his Majtffty's good Intentions, and to give fuch In- 
ftru^ions to the Spanifh Minifter here, as would put it m 
1^ Maje%^s Power to ibnd up for the Intereft and Advan- 
tages oi ^pain ^n thd enfuing Negotiations : That the Ck*- 
Iholick King hitving dedin'd to concert Mea£bres with Great 
Britain, and dmnanditig, in general, SatisfadUon for the 
Breaches he pt^etendied the Emperor had made upon the 
Treaty of Utrecht, the Balance of Power in Jf urope, and the 
Security and Liberty of the Princes attd States of Italy, all 
fh%t his Maje^y, with the Regent's .^fiiftance». could <)o, 
was to obtain of the Emperor fuch Conditions as were 
^ *' thought moft * agreeable to his Catholick Majefty s to wit, 
an abA>lute Renunciati0n of the Monarchy of Spain and the 
Indies, and a very ccnt&ierable Setd^n^t in Imly for a 
Prince of SpoiA, pardcukrly the Great I>achy of Tufcany : 
Thata^ t?he Emperpr's Skily were the prin* 
tipal Reatwis of hiStOppoiing the Treaty of Utrecht, nrooi 
^Amk he could not afterwards be brought off by the Treaty 
^'Baden, it became neceilary, towards ai^ Accommedation, 
t& di^o(4§ of that Ifland in Favour of his Imperial Majefty^ 
of whom, upon that Confideratton, his Majefty and the Re- 
gent of France obtained the Difpofition of Sardinia in Favour 
of the King of Sicily : That thefe were the principal Acti* 
«lesof the Treaty of Alliance, for reftoring and fettlii^ 
the Publick Peace, commonly call'd the Qiadruple Alliance^ 
which was a long while depending, and at laft %n*d her^ 
> *- on the 2ad of July, 171? : That in Order to ^port the 
Views of this Treaty, and to add Weight to the Endeavontf 

y Google 


( i8y ) 

for Tt&onng l^eTrmquiliey of Europe^ lusM^'efty- soquainted ^^^JL?^^* 
the Commons, toward the End of the laft Seffion of Parlia- y^,/'^^,^ 
menty that he intended to employ ii Naval Force when it 
ihosld be Aeceilary ; whereupon this Houfe unanimoufly re- 
fialv^d to recom his Majefty their Thanks fbr his unwearied 
Endeavours to promote the Welfare of his Kingdoms, and 
to preii^rve the Tranquility of Europe ; and to afTure his 
Majefty, that they would make good ftich Exceedings of 
Men fbr the Sea Service fbr the Year 1718, as his Majefly, . 
in hisRoyal Wifdom, (hould ind neceflary to obtain thofe de* 
£xBkAc Ends : {See p. 1 80.] That this unanimous Refolution 
undoubtedly imply *d an entire SatisfafUon in the Meafures his 
Majcfty was at that Time concerting for preferving the Tran- 
ijaility of Europe ; and if an A^on has fince happen^ in 
. Consequence of thofe Meafures, this eannot, with any Juftice, 
be call'd the War f:^ the Mtnifters, but rather the War «f 
the Parliament : That, however, it was not with Defign of 
making War, but only of reftoring Peace, that his Majefty 
fimt a firong Squadron into the Mediterranean : That, pur- 
fuant to this View, as foon as Sir George Byng reached the 
Coail of Spain, he wrote a Letter to that King, defiring him 
to accept his Maje(ty*s Mediation, and to defiil from xhp 
Hoflilities already begun ; ofFeriog him his Service, either 
to withdraw his Troops, or even to aflift him, in cafe the 
Emperor Ihould not confent to ,a Sulpenfion of Arms j which ' 
the Admiral propofed while an Accommodation ihould be 
negotiated : That the Spaniard, having with Haughtineis 
rejedled his Majefty's repeated amicable Propofals, and not 
only perMed in the Violation of the puWick Peace, by the 
lnvafc>n of Sicily, but likewife brofae thro' moft folemm 
Treaties for the Security of our Trade, it became n^effary 
for his Majefty's Naval Forces to check tbefe infolent and 
violent Proceedings, as well to maintain the Faith of hie 
Majefty's Eng^ements, and prevent the Confequences of 
this War, as to proteft and defend the Trade of theBritilh 
Sidbje£b, which labours under the heivieft Hardftiips and 
Difficulties.' To confirm this laft Aflertion, Col. Bladen CoLBiadeo. 
produc'd a Lift of many Merchant Ships, taken or detained 
Vf the Spaniards. 

Mr R. Walpok having made folemn Profeffions of his MrR.Waipofc. 
Duty and A jfe^on to the King, and of his Readinefs to acr 
knowledge his Majefty's Royal Care and conftant Endea^ - 
vouri for the Security and Welfare of his People, and the 
irranquility of Europe ; but diftinguiftiing between his Mar 
jcfty and his Minifters, and (hewing an Unvvillingnefs to 
approve the Meafures purfued by the latter, 'till the Trear 
ties on which thofe Meafures were founded, had been fully 
and maturely examin'd, Mr Craggs readily admitted of the Mr craggt* 
A a 2 Diftinc- 

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( 188 y 

ABwf^ Om.1. DiftindHon between the King and his Mhiifters, adding, 
j^*->yr-N^ * That he obfcrv'd with a great deal of Pleafure, how ona- 
nimous th^ were all for the King, and that he fhoold be 
extremely lorry if the Minifters flioaid be the Occafion of 
any Delay in the Houfe^s expreffing their Duty and Afiec- 
tion to his Majefiy : That he ownM Mioifters were not in- 
feUible ; That he had the Honour to be one of hisMaj^fty's 
Servants, and had gone as great Lengths as any in the Mea- 
fures that had been taken : But that he was fo pofitive, that 
in the Courfe of this whole A^r nothing had been done 
that was not entirely coniiftent with the Faith of Treaties, 
and the Honour and Interefl of the Nation, that he darSt 
promife, both for himfelf and the reft of the Minifters, that 
if the Houfe came into this Vote, which he thought of the 
higheft Importance at this critical Jun^re, no manner of 
Advantage would be taken of it to palliate any Faults, 
which, through human Frailty, might have b^n commit* 
ted ; and that for his own. Part he was ready to undergo the 
fevereft Eicamination, whenever the Houfe ihould thmk fit 
to enquire into the Conduct of the Miniftry.* 

Upon the whole Matter, the Queftion being at laftfiut, 
upon the Lord Hinchingbroke's Motion, it was carry*d in 

Tie Addreft t- the Affirmative by 216 Votes againft 155. 

jg^to asdpre. ^^ , ^j, Tj^g Commons having made the ufual Orders ; 
the Lord Hinchingbroke reported the Addrefs from the 
Committee of which his Lordihip was Chairman ; which on 
the 13th was prefented to his Majefty, as follows. 

May it pleafe your Majefty, 

* T XZE your Majefty's moft dutiful and loyal Subjeds, 

* VV the Commons of Great Britain in Parliament af- 

* fembled, do return our moft fincere and unfeigned Thanks 

* to your Sacred Majefty for your moft gracious Speech from 
' the Throne, and for the many and great Inibinces, which 
' -you have been gracioufly pleased therein to give your Peo- 
' pie, of your confiant Endeavours for their Security and 

* Welfare. 

* It is with the greateft Pleafure that we have this Op- 
' portunity to affure your Majefty, that we have entire 

* Sads^^on in thofe Meafures which you have already 

* taken, for ftrengthening the Proteftant Succeflion to the 

* Crown of thefe Realms in your own Family, and for 
' eftabliihing a lading Tranquility in Europe, and parti* 

* cularly in relation to the Crown of Spain ; and we are 

* refolv'd on our Parts, to the utmoft of our Power, to en- 

* aUe your Majefty, in Concurrence with your Allies, not 

* only to refent the Injuries which that Crown has already 
^ done to the Conmierce of thefe Ifiogdoms> xnt Breach of 

* the 

Digitized by ^OOQlC 

( 189 ) 

< the Treaties fubfifting between the two Nttioiis, but will Anaos. Qeo.i. 

* likewiie fupport your MajeAy^ in the moft yigorous and ^^S!>^^ 
' e£Ee6ii]al Manner, in fach &rther Meafures as in your 

' great Wifdom you ihall judge neceflary to compleat the 

* pttUick Tranquility, and to check the Growth of that 
' naval Power^ which muft otherwiib prove dangeroos to 
' the Trade of thefe Eongdoms, and the Repofe of Europe. 

« We ihould be wanting in our Duty to your Majefly, if 

* we did not exprefs, in the moft affectionate Manner, the 
' great Senfe we have of that Inflance of your tender Con- 
' cem for the £afe of your People, in t])e farther Redudioa 
' which you have made of your Land- Forces ; which muft 

< be accepted by all your good Subje^, as the ftroi^^eft 

* Proof of your Wifdom and Goodnefs. 

* We crave Leave to concur with your (acred Majeily, 
' that , Regard muft always be had to the inviolable Pie- 
' {er^fitidik of the publick Credit, for the Quiet and juil. 

; ' Security of all thofe who have trufled to Parliamentary 
' Engagements. 

* And do farther aifure your Majedy,* That we will, by 
'oorCondud in this important Jundure, give your Ma- 
' jefty and the whole World, all imaginable Proofs of our 
' Zeal and inviolable Duty and AfFedlion to your Perfon 
' and Government, and of our Love to our Country. 

To which His Maje(ty*s Anfwer was as follows. 

** T Am cxtreamly fenfible of the Duty and Affeaion S^JJ^,^ 
*• JL you expreis to my Perfon : Your Vigour and Refolu- ^ 
*' tion to fupport m^ will encourage our Friends, and, by 
** the Bleffing of God, enable me to defeat the ill-groun- 
** ded Hopes of our Enemies : As I am perfuaded the Ne- 
" cefllty and Ufefulnefs of your Proceedings will be ap- 
" prov'd by the Event, I do return you my very hearty 
^" Thanks for this loyal Addrefs. " 

Nffv. 13. Mr Crafi;^s prefented the Tranflations of 
feveral Treaties of Aluance, and Articles belonging there- / 

unto, which were ordered to lie on the Table. 

Die. 17. Mr Bofcawen, by the King's Command, ac- JJ^^jf^JJ^^ 
quainted the Houfe, That all his Majefty's Endeavours ^"^ Kins's 
and thofe of tl^ moft Chriftian King, to procure Redrefs of wZf^iSSji-. 
the many Injuries done to the Subjedts of Great Britain by 
the King of Spain, to the unfp^kable Detriment of the 
Trade of thefe Kingdoms ; or even to obtain a Difconti- 
imance of the unjuft Hoftilities, carrying on by that Crown, 
having prov'd ineSeftual, his Migefty.had foi^id it necei&ry 


. Digitized by VjOOQIC 

{ 190 ) 
to declare W^ a|;ainft Spain. After the reading of this 
Me&ge^ Mr freby*, mov'd, • That an humble A6drtb 
MrTithy^ Mo- be prcfcnted to his Majeftv, to return his Majefty the Bfioft 
tionforyAddigft unfeigned Thanks of the Honfe for baring communicated 
to them the neceflary Refolution of declaring War againi 
Spain ; and to aflbre his Majefty, That this Houfe will, 
with the great^ Chearfnlnefs and with die utmoft Vigour, 
aM and fupport his Mkjt&y in the War with^e King of 
Spain, 'till opain is reduced to accrot of reafonaUe Terms 
of Peace, and to agree to fuch Conditions of Trade and 
Commerce, as this Nation is jufHy intitled to by their 
feveral Treaties.* Mr Treby was feconded by Mr Wcftert, 
Member for Sudbury, but Mr Shippen, Mr Freeman, Sir 
Thomas Hanmer, and fome others excepted either jigunft 
the Motion or againff fome Expicffions in it, which oc- 
caiion'd a warm I/ebate. Some Members alledgii^, ' Hiat 
they did not fee the Neceffity of declaring War againft 
Spain, and that they rather were inclined to believe that 
the Grievances complained of by our Merchants might have 
been redrefs'd in an amicable Manner', Colond Stanhope, 
Member for Derbv, told the Houfe, that he had had the 
Honour to ferve his Majelty as his Envoy to the King of 
Spain, and he could afiure them, that he had prefented 
at leah five and twenty Memorials to that Court, in relation 
to the Complaints of our Merchants, without any Succeis. 
Hereupon Mr Methuen, Member for Brackiey, InterposM, 
and accounted for the Dilatorinefs of the Court of Madrid 
in the Pifpatch of Commercial A^irs, occaiion'd by the 
different Regulations and Judicatories in the feveral King- 
doms, Provinces,* and Ports of Spain ; which might be the 
Reafon why the Grievances complained of by our Traden 
had not been redrefs'd fo foon as might have been expeded. 
A Member having hinted that the Minifters had (hewn no 
great Concern for the Trade and Intereft of the Nation, 
lince it appear'd by the Anfwer fi-om a Secretary of State 
to the Marquefs de Monteleone*s Letter, that they would 
have pafs'd by the Violations of the Treaties of Commerce, 
provided Spain had accepted the Terms of the Quadruple 
Alliance: That his Majefty did not feek to aggrandize 
himfelf by any new Acquifition, but was rather inclinM to 
facriiice fomething of nis own, to procure the general 
Quiet and Tranquility : That no Body could yet tell how 
far that Sacrifice was to extend, but certainly it was a very 
uncommon Piece of Condefcenfion ; Mr Shippen went yet 
farther, and infmuated. That this War feem'd to be cal- 
culated for another Meridian. ISee f. 157.] But wrapt up 
' the 

• Mah Sfcretary s^TTaritithis Sejfm, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


Mr Weflen. 
Mr Siun>eo, 
Mr Pfeeman. 
SirT. Haniaer. 

/ Ccl. Stanhope. 

Mr Metboea. 

Jir Shljipen, 

{ i9» ) 
tke Innuendo h dextroufl/, that no fixc»tion wds taken at , ^^^s- oto. l 
it. Mr Horatio Walpolc alfo found Fault with the Treaty yJ\/K^i 
of Quadruple Alliance^ particularly^ as to the Difpofition of 
Sicily in Favour of the Emperor, which was a Breach of ^^'^*^f^ 
the Treaty of Utrecht ; and his Brother Mr Robert Wal- Mra. Waipofe. 
pole, ejcclaimM s^nil the Injuftice of attacking the SpaniCh 
Fleet before the Declaration qf War. They were anfwer'd 
by Mr CraggfiyMrLechmere^MrAiilabteyMrT. Broderidc, hirCnm, 
and Sir Jofeph Jckyll ; which laft faid, * That fome Weeks S£ JSK."" 
before, when tiiis Afeir was firfk mentioned in the Houfe, JJj^jS^^"^ 
he was Bxy o( givinjg his Opinion, becaufe he had not them 
exaniinM the federal Steps that had been taken in it ; but 
that now he was fuUy convinc'd« that if diere was any In- 
juilioe, it was on the Side of the King of Spain ; and that 
the Coodud of his Majefly and his Miniflers was entirdy 
agreeable to the Law of Nations and the Rules of Juftice 
and Equity. Was it juft, added he, in the King of Spain 
to attack the Emperor^s Dominions [meatdng Sardinia} 
while he was engaged in a War with the Turks, without 
any Declaration of War ? Was it juil in the fame Prince 
to invade the Dominions of one of our Allies, the King of 
Sicily, without the leaft Provocation ? And was it not juft 
in his Majefty to vindicate the Faith of his Treaties, and to 
defend and prpted the Trade of his Sub|e£b, which ha4 
been violently opprefs'd ? Then the Queflion being put upon 
Mr Treby's Motion, the fame was carry*d in the Affirma- 
tive by 178 againft 107 ; and it. was refolv'd. That the laid 
Reiblution be laid before his Majefty, by the whole Houie ; 
which being done acoordindy his Maje% S^ve the follow- rhetbmeAddtdk 
ing Anfw^. ^'«^^' 

Ge ntlemen, 
" '""I^His feafcnable and loyal Addrefs, will, I truft in The King's aa- 
" X God, contribute efFeftually to what you deiire. I "^"^ 
" return you true Thanks for it. " 

Dec. 24. The engrois'd Bill from the Lords, intitled. Am £;^^J^^ 
jiff ffr firengthimt^ the Froteftant later fft in tbefe KingJomSy tning the Frtttjhat^ 
was brought down to the Common^ who read it the £rft '^'^' 
Time, and ordered it to be read a (econd Time, on the 
7th of January, to which Day the Houfe then adjoum'd. 

Jan. 7* The Commons read a fecond Time the engrofs'd jy^^^ ^ ^^ ^ 
BDl from the Lords, intitled, Jn A^ for Strengthening the "^J^^^ 
frotefiani Intereft in theje Kingdoms : And then fo much of 
the Ad, Jgainfi Occafidna/ Conformity^ as was intended^ to be 
rcpcal*d by the (aid Bill, as alfo of the Aft, To prevent the 
Grefwth of Schifm, i^c. both which were pafs'd in the 12th 
Year of the iat« Qgeeft Anne, wcr« read. After which, 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( tgz ) 
sui/iAij.Ceo.'L iii^ii 2, Motion made to commit tlie fidd Bin, there arc^e 
^Jii^y^r^^ a very warm Debate, that lafted above eight Hours. Mr 
' MrBaapdeii. Hampden fpoke firft in Behalf of the Bill, and was feconded 
m[?S[S^ l>y Mr Cartwrteht*, Member for Boffiricy. The other 
strTho. Palmer. Members who {poke for die committing of the Bill, were 
SSSSr. Mr J. Chetwynd f. Member for St Maws, Sir Tho. Palmer, 

{^rXiSSS^ Member for Rocheftcr, Mr Yonge, Mr Carter. Sir WilUam 
*Jw'i2S&r. Thompfon, Mr Bofcawen, Mr Barrington Shute, Sir Wil- 
Sk i.jckyu. ' liam Lowther, Member for Pontefiad, Sir Jofeph Jekyll, 
Scrw?*^*' Sir Gilbert Heathcote, Mr Craggs, Mr Lechmere, and the 
L^rd^femer. I^^d Caftlecomer. Againft the committing of the Bill. 

Mr Graham, Member for Weftmoreland, Mr Ward, Mem- 
hit mST' ber for Thetford, Mr Richard Hopton, Member for He- 
cd^^lSSSkys. refordftiire. Col. Strangeways, Member for Dorfetfhire, 
sJwlv^Lam. ^ Blwidel, Member for Haflemere, Sir William Wynd- 
Mr lefierto. * ham, Mr Jefferies, Mr Shippen, Mr 'Horatio Walpole, 
MrtL^RSW. Sir Tho. Hanmer, Mr John Smith, Mr SneU, Mr Robert 
Sto jdSsSST' Walpole, and Mr Lutwyche, Member for Apulby. 
Mj sjdL Sir WiUiamThompfon urg'd, * That the SchifmBill deprived 

lAr LotwycEeT* Parents of their natural Right of educating their Children 

as they think proper ; to which Mr Shippen anfwer'd, 

* That it was fomewhat ftrange to fee fo able a Lawyer in- 
confiftent with himfelf : For when the twelve Judges were 

. confultcd, in a Cafe relating to a great Family, iThe Prince 
tf Walts^s Children] he was of the Opinion of ten of them, 

* That Children may be taken from their Parents, and edu- 

* catcd as the Good of the Nation requirM.^ To thi§ Sir 
8k w. Thompibn. William Thompfon replv'd, * That as he never was con- 

fulted, fo had he never dedar'd his Thoughts in the nice 
Cafe hinted by that Gentleman, and therefore he could not, 
with any Colour of Juftice, be faid to have changed his 
Opinion : But that the Member who tax'd him with it, and 
who thereby declared againft the Opinion of the ten Judges, 
if he would be conMent with himielf, muft now be for the 
Bill that repeals the Schifm Aft, which reftores Parents to 
^ their natural Ri^ht.' After fome perfonal Altercations be- 

tween Mr R. Walpole and Mr Lechmere, the Queftion be- 
ing put upon the Motion for committing the Bill, it was 
carry'd in the Affirmative by 243 Votes againft 202, and 
the Bill was committed to a Committee of the whole Houfe, 
An exaft Lift of the Names of all thofe who ,voted Pr§ 
and Con^ in this important Debate; will be found in the 
APP B NDIX, by which it appears that the Majority was 
chiefly owing to the Scots Members, 3 1 out of 35, then in 
the Houfe, having voted for the Bill. • 

• CcmmJltoner (ftbe VtBualttig Office. 

t Cmm^jfiwer rf Trade and FUn^oitK •*- 

y Google 

( «93 ) 

Jan. 9. The Order of the Day being read for the pring AAaof. om.u 
into a Committee of the whole Houfe upon the Bill from ^^SS^iL 
the Lords, Fer firtngthtnti^ the Proteftant Intrnft^ Sec. the 
Lord Guemfey mov'd, * That it be an InftrufUon to the 
laid Committee, that they have Power to receive a Claufe, 
That any Perfon when he comes to take the Oath of AWu- 
ration and other Oaths, fubfequent to the receiving the Sa- 
crament, in order to his Qualification, (hall acknowle<%e 
that the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Teftament 
were given by Divine Infpiration, and (hall acknowledge his 
jirm Faith and Belief in the Ever-blefled Trinity : But the 
previous Queition being put, that the QuefHon be now put 
upon the Udd Motion, it pafs*d in the Negative, by 90' 
Voices ; feveral Members who voted againft the Bill, F§r 
firengtbeniftg the Proteftant Interefty &c. having, notwith- 
landing their Oppofition to that Bill, voted alfo againft the 
Amendment propofcd by Lord Guernfey ; as the Reader 
will find particularly diftinguifh'd in the abovementiott'd 
Lift. Then the Houfe refolv'd itfelf into a grand Com- 
mittee upon the faid Bill, went through the fame, Mr. Hamp- 
den being Chairman, and refolved to pafs it without any 
Amendment, by a Majority of 221 Votes againft 170. • ^^ 

Jan. 10. The Bill, for ftrengthening the Pretefiant IntireftfjhS^l^ih^At 
&c. was read the 3d Time, pafs'd without any Amendment,. ^S^JmSL. 
and fent back to the Lords. 

February 1 1 . Upon a Motion made by Mr Snell, and ^^^J^^g^ 
fcconded by Mr Shippen, it was refolvM to prefent an Ad- fo? an acc«S^ 
drefs to his Majefty, That he would be pleas'd to feive Di- ST Sf^iSSJi 
refUons to the proper Officers to lay before the Houfe an M»y 10,1715. 
"Account of what Penfions, if any, have been granted by 
his Majefty to any Member of this Houfe during Pleafure, 
or for any Term of Years ; and alfo what Warrants for 
beneficial Grants have been direfled to the Lords of the 
Treafury fince the i oth of May, 1 7 1 5 . t 

Feb. 12. Mr Controller adjuainted the Houfe, That his 
Majefty had given DitedUons to the proper Officers, to lay . 
before the Houfe the Accounts defir'd by their Addrcfs. 

Mareb 10. The King went to the Houfe of Peers, and 
the Conunons attending, he was pleafed to fay. That he 
had given Orders to the Lord Chancellor to declare to both 
Houfes, In his Name and Words, a Matter his Majefty 
thought of the greateft Importance ; whereupon the Lord 
Chancellor read the following Speech : 


"My Lords and Gentlemen, 
" T T A VI N G reccivM from our good Brother and Ally, W» ^P«cfc ^ 
" JLjL the Moft Chriftian King, repeated Advices, that l^^^ 

" my 


King, repeated Advices, that i^^^^jl^ 
an Invafien will (uddenly be attempted from Spain againft 
Vol. I B b " my 

( 194 ) 

« ftif Don^^in Favour of the Prcten^r to my Crown, 
** I ksif^ j^ii'i it fionvcnient to make you acquainted with 
<* it, and ihaU> on my Part, take all the neceffiuy Meafures 
*^ to defeat the I>ef&gns of our Enemies. 

Gentkmen of die Houfe of Commons, 
" This Attempt^ if it proceed, muft engage me in (bme 
*^ &rther Expences by Sea and Land than Provifion has been 
<* itoade for. I n^uil therefore recommend it to you that I 
" be etiahledA in fuct Manner as you (hall judge convenient, 
** to make the neceifary'Difpoiltions for our Security ; and 
*^^u may deipend upon it, that I ihall upon this and all 
'' Occafions have as much Regard to the Eafe of my Peo- 
** pie, as jhall be confiflent with their Safety. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
,«* The matiy Proofs I have had of the Affeftion and 
^ Loyalty of ^is Parliament leave me no Room to doubt 
/•* tf your fteady and vigorous Perfeverance, in Support of 
^ my Perfon end Qovemmeiit upon this Occafion.'* 

ModooffbranAd. - The Commons beii^ returned to their Houfe, it was 
Aeft of Thank.. ^^.^ , rpj^^ ^ humble Addrefs be prcfented to his Ma- 
jefty, to retam him the dutiful and unfeigned Thanks of 
t|lis Houfe for having gracioufly communicated to his Par- 
liament, that he has received Intelligence of an Invaiion in- 
tended from Spain againft thefe Kingdoms ; and to aflore 
his Majefty that this Houie will fupport him with the ut< 
moft Vigour and Efforts to defeat io extraordinary an At- 
tempt : And to defire that his Majeily would give the ne- 
ceflary Orders to flrengthen and augment his F<m:es by Sea 
and Land, in fuch ^£inner as he, in his great Wiidom, 
f}wll think fit 5 affurmg his Majefty that this Houfe will 
efieduaUy make good any Increafe of Eicpence that fliall 
asife from fuch an Augmentation, and eifedlually enable hi» 
Majefty not only to difappoint the Defigns of his Enemies, 
both at Home and Abro^, but by the Bleifmg of God turn 
x>ebate tiiereoB. thcm to their own Confufion.' None of the Members did 

Mr w-^ diredly oppofe this Motion, only Mr W took this Op- 

|iortunity to find Fault with the Adminiftration ; particularly 
with Refpe£l to the fending a Fleet into the Mediterranean! 
whilft Great Britain was left naked, and exposed to the In- 
folts of a provok'd Enemy Abroad. He alfo refle^d on 
lome Steps, whereby the Difcontents had been much cd- 
creas'd at Home 5 and, among others, took potice of a 
Bill lately brought into the Houfe of Lords, [meanifi^ an 
A^ for fettling the Peerage of Great Btitmn\ which could 
not fail making moft of the Scots Peers implacable Kne- 
mies." He added, * That tho' he could not forbear blaming 
the Conduct of the Minifters |n fome Particulars, yet h© 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 

( «95 ) 
4i]l retained the fame Thoughts with Refpeft to hb MaJ#i>% aam i. ^ 
and would readily concur with the Houfe, isi giving him k JiiT^tw^ J 
the moft hearty Proofs of their Zeal and A^e^on for his ^^^^ ^"^ 
Majeily's Peribn and Government ; and even go (q fiur ^ to 
give his Vote for fufpending the Hahuts Corpus Aft, i$ 
Cafe of Neceffity ; but that^ in his Opdnion, it became thf 
Wiidom of that Houfe, to know whether the Advice^ hi9 
Majefty had receivM of an intended Invafion^ were well 
grounded, before they either alarm'd the Publick» or en^ 
gag'd the Nation in needleis Expenc^s.* This Speech wait 
anfwer'd by Mr Craggs, who faid, ' That as to what has been Mr Cnot. 
fuggefted about the Peerage Bill, that A^r being yet de-t 
pending in the other Houfe, it was unparliamentary to take 
Notice of it, before it came regularly before them : Bitl 
that however, he would before-hand venture to fay. That 
as it was a mofl gracious Condefceniion in his MajeHy, ta 
fuffer a Branch of his Royal Prerogative to be rellrain'd, in 
order to iecure the (liberty of Parliaments, fo he doubtecl 
not, that when that Bill came down to them, it would be 
unanimoufly approved. That as to the Advices the King 
had communicated to his Parliament of the Inva^on with 
which his Dominions were threatened, tbo' it was unufual 
for the Sovereign to declare his Intelligence, yet his Majeily 
had been moft graciouily pleas'd to tdl them from whence 
he received his Information. That therefore it would be 
want of Refped, to queftion his Majefty's Intelligence ; and 
he was fure no Member of that Houfe had Authority to do 
it. That he hop'd there was no great Danger from the In- 
va£on with which they were threatened : but that it would 
be the higheft Piece of Imprudence not to take all the ne- 
ceflary Precautions to repel any Infults from the Spaniards, 
and to defeat all the Defigns of his Majefty's and the Na- 
tion's Enemies, both at Home and Abroad. And as to the 
Condu6l of his Majefty's Miniflers, on which that Member 

[Mr W ] was pleas'd to refleft, if a Motion were made 

' for appointing a Day to inquire into the fame, he would 
icadily feccmd it.' After this, the Motion, for an Addrefo Tht Addrefir*. 
to his Majefty pafs'd into an unanimous Refolution, and kid b«^e ^ 
without lofing Time in drawing it up in Form, it was far- '"Es- 
ther refolv'd. That the faid Refolution be laid before his 
Majefty by the whole Houfe ; which being done according- 
ly the next Day, the King return'd this Aufwcr. 

Anfrc; tLsr"*©., 

^ T Take this Addrefs as a frefh Inftance of that Duty and Hjf^,^^MfjJX 
" X AfFe^iion which you have fo often exprcfs'd for my ^ ' ' ' "'" " 
" Perfon and Government. I truft in God it will enable 
** me to defttit th(? Dcfjgns of our Enemies, and to provide 
B b 2 */ cfFcaually 

Digitized by ^OOQ IC 

Anii6 5. Geo. t 

Mr Freeman*» 
Mction for ad- 
jcrarniiu the Call 
of theHoufe. 

Kin|*3 Speech at 
VuttiQg an End 
to the Fourth 


( 196 ) 

" eftefiually for what is deareft to mc, the Scpurity and 
I ** Wclferc of my People." 

' JprU 14. Upon reading the Order of the Day for the 
Houfe to be calFd over, Mr Freeman made a Speech im- 
porting, • That fome .Weeks before, he thou^t it neceffery 
that £e abfent Members fhould be fammon!d to attend 
the Service of the Hoafe, in order to oppofe fome dan- 
gerous Alterations [meaning the Peerage Bill then depending 
in the Houfe of Lords] wluch were intended to be joiade ; 
and that he obferv'd, with a great 4eal of Satisfadlion, 
that the Summons had not been ineffedual, fince there 
was fe great, and fo unufual an A|^arance of Members ; 
which ihew'd that all true Patriots were refolv'd to exert 
their Zeal and Efforts in Defence of our excellent Confu- 
tation : But that he hoped, that by this Time the Danger 
was pretty well over, and that the Contrivers of that 
Prejed began already to repent it ; that therefore he 
thought it unneceflary to give the Members the Trouble 
of calling over the Houfe ; and fmce they fiad difpatch'd 
all the publick Bufinefs that lay before them, they had 
belt adjourn themfelves to the 17th.' Accordingly the 
Call of the Houfe was adjoum'd to that Day s to which 
Time likewife the Houfe adjoum'd themfelves. 

4prti 1 8. The Xing came to the HouCe of Peers, and 
the Commons attending, his Majefty gave the Royal Aifent 
to feveral Bills ; after which the Lord Chancellor read his 
MajeHy's Speech to both Houfes as follows, <vi». 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
** T Am now come to put an End to this Seffion, in which 
" X you have (hewn many great and feafonable Proofs of 
*• your Duty and AfFeftion to my Perfon and Government, 
*« and of your Care for the Safety and Welfare .of» your 
'« Fellow-Subjeds. 

" By the Blefling of God on our Endeavours, we have 
" hitherto difappointed the ill Defigns of ourr Enemies, 
** who flattered themfelves with Succefs from our unhappy 
** Diviiions. 

" We perceive by the ra(h and wicked Counfels which 
** have lately prevailed in the Court of Spain, that the de- 
** fperate and extravagant Projefts of one ambitious Man, 
*• though not capable of giving Fears to their Neighbours, 
^' may occasion to them. fome Expence and Trouble. 

" That Court. being influenc'4 by Counfels odious and 
'' deilrudtive to the Spaniards, who find themfelves negledl- 
** ed and opprefs'd, after having endcavour'd to foment 
y Confpiracies and Seditions both here and in France, and 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( '97 ) 
'< fioop*d to Fradicea unafaal, accompanied by Maiufefloe% 
*' of a Style unheard of among great Princes^ has at laft « 
*' proceeded to acknowledge the Pretender. 

" As this News has given great Surprize to all Europe, I 
*' quefUon not but it will be received by every good Briton 
** with Indignation and Contempt. 

** It is our Happinefs, at this Ju^6turey to find ourfelves 
" aMed by the greateft Powers of Europe, againfl an Ene- 
^' my that has no Allies, but thofe who would betray the 
** Governments under which they live and are proted^. 
Gentlen^en of the Houfe of Commons, 

** 1 thank you very heartily fbr the Supplies you have 
** granted me this Year. The Manner in which you have 
" rais'd them without any new Burden to my People, the 
** great Addition you have made to die Fund for finking 
*^ the Debts of the Nation, the Dircharfi;e of the ^cchequer 
" Bills, and the Provifion you have made to pay whatever 
" remains jufily due to Foreign States and Princes, are the 
" ftrongeft Proofs of your Wifdom, as well as of your 
*• Zeal for my Service, and the Good of your Country. 
" You may obferve I have hitherto been very cautious of 
" making Ufe of the Power you have given me, to increafe 
*' our Forces by Sea and Land. If our Enemies ihould 
" oblige me to a greater Expence, it fhall be employ 'd for 
" your Service. This is what the Truft you repofe in me 
'* requires at my Hands, and what I owe to fo dutiful and 
'' affedionate a Houfe of Commons. 
My Lords and Gentlemen, 

" There being nothing more defirable at all Times than 
*' a firm Union between Protellants, I refied with Satisfac- 
*' tion upon the Law you have pafs'd this Sefiion, which 
" will, I hope, prove effcdual to that Purpofe. As it is a 
*' fignal Infbuice of Moderation and Indulgence in our 
" eftabliih'd Church, fo I hope it will beget ftch a Return 
" of Gratitude from all diflenting Proteftants, as will greats 
" ly tend to her Honour and Security, both which I fhall 
" ever have near at Heart. 

** I have always look'd upon the Glory of a Sovereign 
" and the Liberty of the Subjed as infeparable ; and I think 
" it is the peculiar Happinefs of a Britifh King to reign over 
** a free People. As the Civil Rights therefore and Privi- 
" kges of all my Subjedb, and efpecially of my two Houfes 
" c^Parliament, do juftly claim my moft tender Concern, 
" if any Provifion dcfign'd to perpetuate thefe Bleflings to 
" your Pofterity remains imperfell, for want of Time, 
" during this Seffion, maturely to difcufs and fettle Matters 
** of fo great Importance, I promife myfelf you will take 
^ the.firS Opportunity to render my Wifhes for your Hap* 

" pinefs 

y Google 

( 198 ) 
^' pinefs compleaC and efiedual, and to ftrengthen the Union, 
" which is of fo much Cbnfequence to the Welfare of this 
" Kingdom. 

** If the Circumftances of my Affairs (hall allow of my 
'* going Abroad this Summer, I (hall take the fame Care 
" of your Intcreil as if I remained here. The many Nc- 
'* gotiations which will be on Foot to reftor e the Peace of 
** the North, in which the Trade and Tranquility of this 
" Kingdom may be very much conccrn'd, will make my 
** Prefence there of great Ufe to thofe my Dominions : 
'' And as in that Cafe I deiign, by the Bleffing of God» to 
** meet you^ early next Winter, I will only recommend to 
** you moft eameftly, that, laying afide all Animofitics, 
" you would, in your feveral Countries and Stations, u(c 
** your utmoft Endeavours to preferve the puUick Peace, 
<* and fee a due Execution of the Law/' 

Then the Lord Chancellor prorogued the Parliament to 
the 1 9th of May following ; and they were afterwards, by 
(everd Prorogations, farther prorogued to the 23d of No- 


In the Fifth Session of the 
Ftrft Parliament cf King George I. 

Anno 6. Geo. L f \'^ H E King wcnt to thc Houfe of Peers on the 23d 
*^'^' I of November, with the ufual State, when thc Lord 

•^ Chancellor, by his Majefty^s Command, read the 
following Speech to both Houfes : 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
J*«> s^k J ** T^ ^ ^ Satisfa&ion, with which I always meet you, 
s^? " X i« very much increased at this TiAe, when it has 

** pleased Almighty God fo to ftrengthen the Arms of Great 
" Britain and our Confederates, and fo to profper our 
<< feveral Negotiations, that, by his Bleiling on our En* 
** deavours^ we may promife our felves to reap very foott 
•* the Fruits of our Succefles. I am perfuaded it will be 
** accounted, by all my good Subjeds, a fufHcient Reward 
*' for feme extraordinary Expence, that all Europe, as well 
** as thefe Kingdoms, is upon the Point of being deliver'd 
^' from the Calamities pf War by the Influence oY Briti(h 

^ Arms 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( »99 ) 
*^ Arms and Connfels. One ProtefUmt Kingdom has alioa- 
** dy been rcliev'd by our feafonable Interpofition ; and \ 
•* fuch a Foundation is laid by our Jate Treaties for an 
** Union amOngft other great Proteftant Powers, as will 
** very much tend to the Security of our Holy Religion. 

^^ I believe you cannot but be furpriz^d at the Continoa-* 
** tion of a War, where our Enemies have nothing to 
** hope, and fo much to fear. It is indeed difiicult to 
•* frame any Judgment , of thofe Counfels, which have 
*' broke out of late in fo many raih and ill-concerted Mea< 
** fares : If they depend imon our Divifions at Home, I 
** doubt not but in a very mort Time, their Hopes, foun- 
** ded upon this Expectation, will prove as vain and ill- 
** grounded as any of their former Projeds. 

** In congratulating with you on this happy Pofture of 
" AiFairs, I muft tell you, that as I have been very juft 
" and faithful to my Engagements, fo I have met fuch 
" frank and powerful Returns of Afliftance from my Allies, 
" as will, I doubt not, eftablilh a lafting Friendfliip a- 
** mong us. 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons, 

*' You will fee, by the Accounts I have order'd to be 
•• deliver'd to you, how moderate a Ufe I have made of 
" the Power entrufted with me to augment my Forces by 
** Sea and Land. I depend upon the «ninent Duty and 
" AfFedlion you have always fhewn to my Perfon and Go- 
" vernment, that you will be vigorous in difpatching the 
" neceflary Supplies for the Year: To which Purpofe I 
" have oider'd the Eftimates to be laid before you. And, 
•* at the fame Time, I muft defire you to turn your 
** Thoughts to all proper Means for lefTening the Debts of 
•* the Nation. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

** You all muft be fenfible of the many undeferv'd and 
** unnatural Troubles I have met with during the Courfe of 
" my Rei^. Our Divifions at Home have gone mag- 
" nified Abroad, and by infpiring into fome foreign 
*' Powers a falfe Opinion of our Force, have encouraged 
" them to treat us in a Manner which the Crown of Great 
" Britain fhall never endure while I wear it. The Trouble 
" and Expence which this hath brought upon us have been 
" the moft loudly complain'd of by thofe, who were the 
" Occafion of them'. But with your Affiftance I have hi- 
" therto got through all thofe Difficulties, and by the Con- 
" tinuance of your Help, I hope very foon to* overcome 
** them, fmce the Hand of God hath Sb vifibly been with 
'' us in all our Undertakings. 

y Google 

Aimo 6* Geo. I. 


Earl of Hertford 
moves lor an Ad- 
drcfi of Thanks. 

Debate thereon. 


( 200 ) 

" If tUr Neceffides of my Government hav4 fbmetimes 
** engaged your Duty and Affedlion to truft me with Pow- 
*' ers, of which you have always with good Reafon been 
*' jealous, the whole World muft acknowledge they have 
'* been fo ufed, as to juftify the Confidence you, have rc- 
«* pos'd in me. And as 1 can truly affirm, that no Prince 
** was ever more zealous to increafe his own Authority, than 
** I am to perpetuate the Liberty of my People, I hop» you 
«• will thimc of all proper Methods to eftablifli and tranfinit 
** to your Pofterity the Freedom of our happy Conftitution, 
*• and particularly to fecure that Part which is moft liaHe 
^ to Abufe. I value my felf upon being the firft who hath 
** given you an Opportunity of doing it ; and I muft re- 
" commend it to you, to compleat thofe Mcafores which 
" remained impcrfed^ the laft SeHion. 

" So far as human Prudence can foffetell, the Unanimity 
*• of this Seflion of Parliament muft eftablifli, with the 
*' Peace of all Europe, the Glory and Trade of thefe 
'' Kingdoms on a lading Foundation. I think every Man 
** msLy fee the End of our Labours. All I have to ask of 
" you, is, that you would agree to be a g^reat and fiourifh- 
" ing People, fmce it is the only Means by which I dc- 
*' fire to become a happy King." 

The Commons being returned to their Houfe, the Earl of 
Hertford mov'd for an Addrefs of Thanks. 

Tho' this Motion was carry'd without dividing, yet it 
did not pafs without Oppofition. * Mr ShippCT in particular 
faid, * That no Man was more ready than himfelf to con- 
cur In giving his Majefty unfeigned Affurances of the Zeal 
and Affeftion of that Houfe to his P^on and Government, 
in returning him Thanks for his Care and Endeavours to 
procure the Tranquility of Europe, and in congratulating, 
his fafe Return amongft us ; but he could not rorbear ob- 
ferving that his Majefty's Speech contain'4 many Heads, 
of different Nature, and of great Importance ; and as he 
remem bred that this^ Houfe had formerly been reflected on,^ 
for approving the Meaf\ires of the Miniftry by the Lump,. 
and without knowing what thofe Meafures were, he there- 
fore was of Opinion, they ought to proceed with Cautk>n 
in this Jundure, the rather, becaufe Mention was made in 
his Majefty's Speech, of a Thing of the higheft Confe- 
quence, viz.' tlie altering fome Part of our Conftitution ; 
that it was plain enough that thereby was meant the Bill of 
Peerage ; but it was fnrprifing, that this Affair ihould be 
brought again upon the Stage, after it had mifcarry*d the 
laft Seffion in the other Houfe, and that the major Part of 
this Houfe had exprefs'd fuch an Averfion to it ; concluding 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

^^ifjA aMol^ to coigratalate his h^dfy imn U» &fe ^^|&^^ 

Raturn, and to. give jjuni Tksrnks for Part of his Speech, {^^^^y^%^ 

and appoint a Day to take the reft into CMi^eratioft.* 

Mr Heme hereupon feconded MrShippen ; but Mr Hunger- Mr Hwne. 

ford forefeeiagy that if the Houfe fliouM divide^ a Negative f^SmS&ii. 

was like to be put upon Mr Shippen's Motion^ ikid, * That 

Addrefles of this Nature were but cuftomary Coaf liments ; 

tat h^ hofied that in the Conrfe of this Seffion they ftcmld 

hnv^ C^Ki^tanities eno^h to inquiire into the Grievances 

of the Natiifiiy and the Condua of the Miniftry ; that «t 

to the Bill of Peerage in particular, fince the Court feem*d 

to have it at Hearty he doubted not but it would ioon pal» 

the other Houfei and be fent down to them, and then, and 

j^ fyoner, he hq>ed to fee a gr^t Divifioa in that Hoofe.' 

Heretqx>n Mr ShipMi wav'd his Motion. 

Nov. 24. The Hottfe pr^fented their Addr^ to his Ma- 
}Sky, as fc^ows. 

May it pleafe your Majefty, 

* \X7E your Mftjefty's n>oft dutiful and loyal Subjea^ rueotmomhi. 
' VV the Commons of Great Britain in Parliament af* *«*^«^''**^ 

* femUed, do return onr mod unfeigned Thanks to youf 
^ Msyefty for your moft gracious Speech from the ^^hrone^ 

* and ailure your Maje^> that our Hearts are £U'd widi 

* ttnQ)fakable Joy upon your fafe and happy Return to ^ 
' ihefe your Kingjoms^ and with the moft ji^ and grateftil 

* $enfe of your^ unwearied Lalx)urs for our Wel&re, and 

* the Security of the Proteftant Religiori. 

* We heartily conmtulate with your Maje^ on the 
' Sttccefs of your Bmifli Arms, and return the Thanks of 
' this Hottfe) in themoft dutiful Manner, for fuch Mea* 

* fures taken by the Influence of Britifh Counfels, a^ afford 
' theneajrefl Ftofpedi of a general Peace Abroad, and of en- 

* jibing with Glory ^e Benefit of Tr^ and Tranquility. 
■* And we crave Leave to affure your Majefty, that we 

* will, 4m omr Pasts, hf the Vigour of our Refolutions for 

* the Support of your Government, and by the Difpatch 

* l^hich we will five tpjhe jieceflary Supplies, convince the 

* World, that if our Enemies have conceived any Hope» 
^ from c^ur Divifil>n$ at Homei this hath been the vaineft 

* of all their^ Proje6b. And we will enable your Majefty^ 
' in Concert with your Allies, effectually to fnpport and 
' perfed thofe juft and equitable Meafurcs which have been 
' taken to eftabliih a general Peace. 

^ And we farther alTure your Majefty, That we will ap^ 

* ply ourfelves to find out the beft Mean$ for leiTening the 

* Debts of the Nation, and fupporting the publick Credit i 
' ahd will concur in all proper Methods to eftabliih and 

y L. I, C c • prefcrve 

Digitized by ^OOQIC 

( ^02/ ) 

AnA6 6. Geo. L * w^tvt the Freedom of our happy Conftittttion, fat 
pJJJ?^^ * which your feared Majefty has ^ven fo many texider 
* Prooft of your Care and Afie^Uon.' 

To which Addrefe the King retumM the foHowing Anfwcr. 

Gendemen, ^ \ 

SS SSL^ «* ^T-^ HIS loyal Addrefe deferves my beft Thanks. It 
** X contains the moft dutiful and affedionate Expreffixms 
^' to my Perfon and Government ; and you fhall percdve 
^ my Senfe of them, by the End^vours I will always ale 
** to jwocurc your Welfere and Profperity.** 

ABiUieiufhHntiie Difimiif I. UponaMeilagefrom the Lords, by the Lord 

Sr&JJ^^S Chief Jufticc Kii^, and the Lord Chief Baron Bury^ that 

^Br^am. the Loitls had paU'd a Bill, intided. An Aa for the SeitBng 

'"oebatetfatnoa. the Peeri^e ef Great Britain, to which they defir*d the Con* 

currence of the Commons, the faid Bill was read the firft 

Time, and a Motion being made that the faid Bill be read 

a fecond Hme the Friday next enfuing, the feme was ofh 

j)06*d by a ereat many Members, who mov'd. That tlus 

important Amur might be put off to the 1 8th of this 

Month; which lail Motion, after a long and warm Debat?; 

was carrry'd by a Majority of 203 againil 158. 

Detai9«itk9&- Die, 7. The tengrofied Bill from the Lords, intitled, Af 

gJpSSjJyf A&fir the Sett/ifig the Peerage of Great Britain^ was read a 

ifmiw.p^t fecond Time, and a Motion being made by the Lord 

oJiM«2S^' William Paulct*, Member for Winchefter, for committing 

mI^S^ *^« B^l» wWth was feconded by Sir Charles Hotham, the 

JJj 2^;^ ^n*c occafion^d a warm Debate, which lafted eight Honrs. 

MrAjihhie. The Members who ipoke for committing the BiH, were 

?Si^^ft. Lord WiUiam Paulet, Sir Charles Hotham, Col. Moreton f. 

Sir It. stwic Knight of the Shire for Glouceftcr, Mr Hampden, Mr 

^ttm uwfon. ^""^SP' ^^ Plummer, Mr Lechmere, Mr Aiflabic, Ser- 

Afr Hor.' waipS. jeantPengelly, and Mr Hungerford ; Againft committaig it, 

SirTSSiflgten. Sir Richard Steele, Mr Pitt, Sir Wilfrid Lawibn, Mr Ho- 

mJ "^^^ ^^^ Walpole, Mr Wykes, Sir John Packington, Mr Me- 

MrTMffiHJj. thuen, Mr Heme, Mr Tuffnell, Mr Robert Walpde^ and 

5J;]^'S£^- Mr John Smith. 

Sir Richard Steele ^ke firil againft committing it, as 
si'Wch. s^e^ Mr Speaker, 

i^^'guT ^ M am againft the Bill, becaufe I fear it may change this 
free St^te into the worft of all Tyrannies, that of an An- 


• teOfirtfthi ZxcheqHef. 

t One 4 the Vtee-Xreafurers, if htUni, Jfiemttris, cr^eatei ait J^ng^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( «0J ) 

Hocracf, wlikh is the moft likely Coiufeqiienee to dJbbssHd 
fttch a Law as this would be : The whole Tenor of the Bill < 
18 veiy unfortunatelx pot together, if any Thing, bat an 
Action of Power to the Peers, is intended by it. AU 
Mankind muft allow, that the otdy planfiUe Reafim fiur 
this Law» was what hs^pen'd in the laft Reign, when 
twehre Peers were m^ in one Day ; bat the Preamble 
a^gns no fuch R«Ubn, but iays, ' That Sixteen Peers of 
^ Scotland, by Re^fisn c^jnany new Creations fince the Union> 

* are notafufficient and proportionable Reprefentative of that 
' Nobility.' And therefore they (hall her«ifter not be reprf- 
Rented at aU : Bat, ^ A Thing much more fuitable to the Pee* 
^ rage ofScothmd oug^ to be done for them*, to wit, * That 

* twoity-five of than ihonld, at all Timet hereafber, hxvm 

* Hereditary Seats in Parliament.* 

* I always imagined that no Man could judge what was 
ibitable to him but himfelf ; and that it could be no Man^ 
■er of Comfort to one who has any Thbg taken from him» 
that t^e Pofieffion of it is more fuitably placM in another. 
HoW is it fuitable to the Peerage of Scodand, that inftead 
of Mving a Reprefentative of iixteen fitting by their Elec- 
Atm^ they are heieafter to be favoured with Jbaving fiire and 
twenty there inft^ of them, and not one there in theirs 
Behalf ? It muft be confe&'d, that the Peers of JScotland 
cannot complain of ^y Thing like being trick'd ; but their 
Potential Seats m Paiiiament are barr'd and taken firon 
then^ not by CoUufion and Ooulde-dealing* but by the 
moft \mreferved and can^ Ufurpation imaghiable : But 
^* this is donewidifo much Eafe, aidno Keafon givoi 
but that ^y who do it axe pleas*d to iay it is mofl fuitable } 
it is tJl be prefum'd, tbatthofe, whofe ConfoAt is neceflary 
fcr the divefting innocent Men of titf irJLiberty and Honour, 
will.defire fome better Account of the Matter, before they 
deprive their Fellow^Sdbjeas of their undoubted Rights, 
r cannot but, from a natural Deteftation of In|uftice, fay, 
that it is the hig^eft Wrong d<toe to the Indulgence racn- 
tion'd in the Preamble^ to cxped it will be granted in Fa* 
wmr of any Men» in Wrong of any other; and I doubt 
^t but this Hoirf© will;rfarm that Benignky from being 
imploy'd to the DetouAion of itfelf, or Oppreffion of others. 

* I h<^ the bcft Man and belt Prince m the World, wiB 
bejgracious, tSo tove it always in his Power tote 
gracious : I am fure he will never give his People any 
R«B&n to complain, but rfhis too great Geodnefs : Happy 
^ Sovereign and. happy the Pedjjle, when exceffive Graee 
is all that can be fcarM of him ! ,, -., «. ^ , 

■ * The Peers of ScOtlacRi have an mdefcafible Right by 

the Aft of Uok»s toi bcdpfted and fet^e in Parliament as 

C c 2 P«^^* 

» Digitized by VjOOQIC 

^ ( ^4 > 
ptett of 6mi| Bdtain, In the Maimer thttstin. ftipuhtod^ 
andit would be bac nore cnid> not moie luijiift^ to take 
6oni thom their Liws and Eostuncs, thm this Hodoov nmd 
Psivibgo, which their Ancefton p«n:has*dby thoM^neiic 
iiaauua oi thcifs: The Terms of the Union are plain and 
ad>&lute 1 nor can any Privily, Libertye, os Bcopcvty 
ftcnr'd by it to the meaneft 6fab§t& of either Nation^ 
he viokted or altered againA his Will, and no fafiis&c* 
lory Reparation done him, withoot Infirii^ement of the 
whole Ad, and leaving the Per(bns» (o injur'd, at Liberty 
to avenge by Force what v(z% done by it : For ProeeAioh 
^md Obedience are reciprocal, and the. withdrawing the 
one, diicharges the other. What, ch^ is tiie Condition of 
ditib unhappy Men, who are to be diveAed of their Rights 
and Privileges of Subjedts, and yet^ nodo(^t> to bedeem*d 
Traitors, mooid they ffy to any fofei^tt Power, or Invader 
of that Nation, which has in the deareft and g^eateft COn* 
^derations, thoie of Honour and Diftiiidion, made. them 
Foreigners ? The Terms of the Union cannot be rerokM 
without difuioting the Kingdoms i for when Aaz is done 
they are no Ipnger held together by the Law, but by Fdice ; 
hnd the Power which then keeps its together nraft be acba# 
trary, not legal ; or if 1^1, not rigbteooa : For a^ Law, not 
fiipported by Jndice, is, in itfelf, null and void ; nor are 
die Makers of it Legiflators, but C^re^lbrs. It appean, 
without any poflible Cbntradiaion, that the Pailianiene of 
Great Britain cannot exclude the Peers of Scotland ftom the 
Benefit of the 23d Article in the A6t of Union, witkntf 
becoming an arbitsary Vowt^ a£Ung with^ an iBdifoenoe 
to Good and Evil, on the Foundation of Mi^t.enlv. 

* We ave £ifer under the Prerogative in thejCi^ than 
we can be under an Ariftocracy. The Prerogadve is n 
Power in the Sovereign, not wcpreis'd or dekrib-'d inthe 
Laws, but to be exercised in the, Preiervation of them bf 
the Role of the general Good: And if it could be pmvVfi 
that the Bufmeis of the twelve Gentlemen {mMiiy thi 
Nvikfi Lords er9aiU b^ ^m Atmi m dki Time 9/ tJi»^mrlwf 
ChejMi Miniftrf] wa$ purely done to iave the Nation, anid 
^ac it was ^ot^ for the Good oi the Whok) the Statsfinaiv 
who advised it, M^ould deferve the Thallks of alt Mu^dBqid^ 
ktt ea^ofing hhnlelf to the Mifreprtfentadon and Rtfent- 
m^nt of future Parliaments, for the Good of Ms B^oni^ 

* I will not pretend to doubt but thoie nobie Periboagai 
k«ve, under the Hands aigl .Seals of all and e^ery of thecr 
Eleaors, the Peers of Scotland, foH Bswer and Anthoatj^ 
fbr this Alteration, without whilh their Proceeding conld 
not be ^eccmdl'd to common Honour : And if the-thirtv 


Digitized by VjOOQIG 


( W ) 
Memhtm^m to cVpl» ^ H^mont ^Ndi«)i I^ij^utoy. 

of^ hiAficOM^^b^ 4li<itlmi t^ IMfhiUvcflodin bim 
mAhhiSnmify fm ^ i9k^.9i Sm^y m^fyi IwMf 4«4 

in this Bill, but loerdy th» $4«m and NoU«i. Th« JUnb 
cxrircajfl %Powi! in th^lftft R^fimrciid ^4 an A||)e9l lies 
f» lh|Mifc&am:all tlx^ Qwi^ of WeSimi iAer-HaU»^ for do- 
tiiBamg.att ti» Ripfiv^ of^ Qi^t^Jg^^a^K and, yn diey 
aie MKiUingr (Oi hsiKf at Law« wl^ph nvi^nfCfflkirify; dii^le 
AtBkfrQiibbfiQg.aifaff»blf C^tcQ)^ Ju^e for the futiurc $ 
ferdM»Bitt<fe%fro^s ^r tkm ln(iiflki#noyas*to-tMp 
tmtffA L andcdket^ i^^ CMf, ivj^i^ infteM qf Ipoki^g 
MTfiMs GfW^andiKmtfmgMfni^ if very cacqful tQ li^iie 
tktFomcift Ao||;iAgtotgiva:':Eid^» io: Qaio of l^^dMUr 
OM^ ttl MiiiQHt: MhpK oC t)^: &|ne Sc^mg^ i» thoi Q^covali^ 
of iIm Bilk tlwi Foioaks ^^ e^itflad from their fatuxr 
BigjkitSL asiif aJU4y of gpod Swfewffi^ not a^ c^fvWe erf* 
fanning iu^tortim WofW a M»p q£ S^fe,. ^ a, Bqyi mnl^ 
Age, ift of heceiBiMng a Man ol^ Jui^iiQA. and: Ho^u^ ftom 
die mer^ ft«Qeinm«mcian of 1m^ ?<>rtwie ; for .it is-joot l» 
be dovbtedi h»t that would be his beft^ Pretenfion&f bu^ 
Lords luve thought it more eligible to have in Viinvx ^F 
Rrovidiag' mh HoAaiids fo^v tbc^ Oaup^tirs>fmH among 
tbo Qmmow, thm tie Wviag^i^ to their female H^mt »» 
aMikcr I^vdHi ofi ^ Ihts»f4p^iv^ of meriiorioa^ Comr 


' Thus tb^ Aritomcy. is>(e^QUjti by thj» i^iU ; for: all tbe 
Pro nto^ ^ l^mimtioas of i( ccigAii^ (v4y the Xitl^s.and 
i^MQucajaf dic^Feors, andt p^oAi^u^. ^sire^is u^^Pf tha^ 
«»QMikeu)AAufeefiQiii.p9iliM^.W'oQai«c^(;^8 and diftant 
Jm^Minta a«Mg tbrniMv«f, bu| n5l Hiegard. had t<v the 
. known immediate prefent Righff of tbcrfe^ who do not S^m 
ttmg H««fa». but tare^Tirfeof ftlc^^aintar it '. There is 
no J^ifioibj^rof deftflc^Uif tbofi^ wk9^ they know t<» hajvr 
TiilM,. httcAeffcafe pre!difto»fr.«eyider jQ^ hm^ting thor<r «dio 
awgt hav^TTitlfii. of which *(ey d« upt know : Th^. Lff«fc 
n«aiy Jwlge^ and fimaQd a^mi^t^ whom they pl«a|^i9^ 
ckkncClaimi bur Skap^c^s ai^ tOrh^^ly'dpnty,!^ 
die Sing^ a«l'hfl mi(h(t poffbly giv&che«i to PeFfon&tbcy 
AouIdaolUb^^ I^Im^ &^ai«r of the Peers to. a.certai^ 
^Jnmhrr will wtk^tbft w^ft P«we*fi4 qf tbcta h«ve *e reft 
lUMkr thfiirrfliteliiwi aA4.all.chi9 «^«R{(9tty 4i<ipoi*4>bifo» 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

{ to6 ) 
themiviU be beftowM» not by Judemei^ butby Vote&nd 
HimiOBry or worfe. Judges fe macb by the bliiui Order ^ 
Birth will be capable of no other Way of Dedfion. 

* ^ It is (aid diat Power attends PropMrt y s but it is at true, 
that Power will command Property ; and, according to the 
J>egeneracy of human Nature, the Lords may as well grow 
corrupt as ether Men ; and if they (houki do b, how will 
this be amended, but by the Confent of diofe, who fhali 
become fo corrupt ? Wluit ihall we (ay then? Shall we ex- 
pofe ourielves to probable £vils» with the Forelight of im- 
poffil>le Remedies againft them ? 

' It is hardly to be read ferioufly; when the Bill in a 
grave Stile and lober Contradi^ion has thefe Words, vis. 

• The twen^ five Peers on the Part of the Peerage of Scot- 
"*' land ; * as if they who were made inilead of the Peers of 
Scbtland, could, mthout a Banter, be called Peers on die 
Part of the Peerage of Scothmd ; the true Defcription oi 
them is. Peers made when the P^ers of Scotland were no 
more to be Peers ; for ^e Title refting in their FamOics» 
without Hopes of Succeffion in the Peers^e md Legiflatuie^ 
is only a Bar againft any Participation of rower and Imeieft 
in their Country t It is putdng them into the Conditioii of 
Papifts CoRvid, as to what ought to be moft dear to than, 
their Honour and Reputation. It is held by true Polici« 
cians a moft dangerous Thing to give the meaneft of Ae 
Peopfe juft Caufe of Provocation $ much more to enra^ 
Men of Spirit and Diftindion, and that too with downright 

^ 'We may flatter ourfelves, that Pi%>erty is always the 
Souree of JPWer ; but Property, like ail other Pd&flions, 
has its Bffe^ accorc^g to the Talents and Abilities of the 
Owner ; and as it is allowed, that Courage and Learning 
are very common Qualities in that Nation, it feems not 
xpry advifeable to provoke the greateft, and, for ou^t wc 
can tell, the beft Men among tl^m. Thus we are barr*d 
from -making this Law by prudential Re^ns, as Well as 
from the inviolable Rule of Jnflice and conunon Right, 
with Relation to the Scots Peers. 

* If we coniider the Matter with Regard to the King's 
Prerogative, this Law wiH diminiih it to an irr^pand>le De- 
gree ; and it is a firange Time to take ^rway Power, whtn 
it is in the PofTefTion of a Prince, who uies it with fo much 
Moderation, that he is willing to refign it : But we are to 
confer the Prerogative as Part of the Eftote of the Crown» 
ahd^not con^nt to the taking it out of the Crown, till we 
fee juft Occafion for it. His Majefty's Indutoence nukes it 
^fc in his Royal Breaft) and wc know of nothing, any 
€vth€t of the^PanUIy. has done, to alter -it ht lear of hhn. 

f The 

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' The Prerogadve cm cb no hntt, rnh^ lAuaReni^ Aanos. €m.i. 
dieir Duty s but a ftttled Number of P^ers may diuib their t^T^^y 
Power, when qo Man is aniWerabte' for them. Or can caU ^"^^^^^^ 
them to an Acooont fer their Incroacfaments. It is Gad, 
mad tmely too, that the Mumer of their P^wer will be the 
fiune as now i bat then the AppUcationof it may be altered, 
ynhidk they are an unchangeaUe Body : Schemes of Gran- 
dear and Of^reffion can & form'd to invade the Prc^perty, 
as well as Liberty, of their Fellow-Sofajeds $ which wouldt 
aocoxdiM to the prefent Eftablifhment, be vain to nnd^- 
take, vmn they are fubje6^ to an Alteration before thdr 
Projed could be rlpen'd into PraAice and Uiurpation. 

* As for any ludden and furprixing Way of Creation^ 
That lies before the L^iflature for CtoSure ; andAegreat 
Diminution which all Qreations bring i^oii the Kii^s Au« 
thority, is a fuffid^t Defence againft the abofive mploy* 
jnent of that Authority thii Way : For when the iLmg 
makes Peers, he makes perpetual O^nents of his Wiff 
and Power, if they ihall think fit ; which one Coitfideration 
cannot but render Sequent Creations terrible to the Crown* 
This ConlHtution has fubfifled in ^e of Convulfions and 
Fadions, without reftraining or repreffing the Extent of the 
Legiflative Powers ; nor is it poffible m any Man, or A& 
fanbfy of hfen, to circumferibe their diftind Authorities : 
^o, they are to be left eternally at large ; and the Safety 
of each Part, and the Good of the Whole, are to be the 
Rules of their Condud : And as 'tis impoffiUe toibrefee all 
die Ciitumftances which muil; arife before than, there is no 
fiife Way but leaving them at laige, as vigUant Checks 
upon each other, un^nfin'd, but by Reafon and Juftioe. 

* If there was any Outrage committed in the Oife of the 
twelve Gendemen, the Peers fhould have then withilood 
the receiving of them, or done what th^ thought fit at 
another Seafon for their Satisfadion ; and not, when it is 
too late, inftead of, afTerting dieir Liberties, mediate theif 
future Security in unreafonable Conceffions fnun the Crown, 
and Difcour^ements upon the Merits of the Commons : 
And can the Cend^nen in prcfent Power, reafooa^ thmk, 
that the Confommation of the £ng^fh Qioxy and Merk, 
IS to dok and reft in their Perfons f 

* After the Bill has fdEdently provi ded for the Arifb- 
cracy over diefe Dominions, it goes^ into a 'kind of OBcono> 
my and Order among themfelves, which relates to tfam« 
^^bility and not to their Peerage. We jdain Men and 
Commoners irill not difpute about any Thh^ which im 
know to be mere^ trifling and ornamental » and if they wiU 
heMsfy'd with a Power in them aa Peers, they fhall be 
Ookesi IStaqpfS^ Bads,, or whatever odiw Wonb ^tor 

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ii»»«.M.t |ltafc^>iridi»nt#«rEBV|r^r6p^fiiiQii< 8atwi«lwecoiM 
„^^^ ^ riiii*nB)r li iiiwiiiii ifrhit Trf irf g^Hg to d<^ |;s^e iMft irict 
"^ ^ktUkortf^ tevefyjoKhwiifttiiciaft Tinietkiit it «Mf 

te ii o«rFowttrt»fliike«ftaiiibr^irWvestlulPoAeiit)r{ 
wiA VMomm jMUHiec Uune €«l<iMliQn^ wko are it % 
fll Mhiwt<ig, m ilicy «ie iilpttltunAte ki va^g» Ae Gfeii( 
of f«di i P«wor inthemfehres wUdi foam W of no Uit te 
iavwMt|eb«tib thfemfehtt: At tke iaoft Tm^ «iie cia- 
ittlfcilift«Ubrviitg td diem, tltot» #itk RjB^pean>«be Pre- 
iq{id¥^ diK IWm trf* ScMMtod^ ttM the lUghts df tte 
fAok Bofybf tbc raiple of GKeat BHteta, tbtey cateot te 
more exofbkuit ih die Ufe of this BiH, (boiild ft beOMe k 
Imwt litaii kn tlie Ckoisilbnces undo' ivluck chef fend it to 
«tiwt>lirConcurt«taeiaiiditbMoc ThoftofPower, fatt 
M#daMiokl in tic Oemicais vaadt of k^^Kicli eati recoil' 
ntndMen bo amlMlr I'mft { oid 1 ctMtoe but jq^fwebenl 
tkUt wktt is Aundbd on UAvpation, will be ticMed in 

« It is 10 be inf)Od) tbat tiiit iins«ifeiud)k Bill wiU be ta^ 
ttrelf tt!JoAed» fiftoe none can pretend to amend what is in 
ils Torir Naftore incorrigible ; for it would be in'Vajn to at- 
tempt a good Gnf J tiAi Udni^ upon a Fantdatioti which d6» 
faires notiiihg but Indignation and Conteni{K« 

' I^ is a ]nebncM)r<:eniideralion, that ^nder Iht Preflnt 
of Dthti^ tht Necefiities of a War^ tiie P^r^xiticsof frad^ 
and tiie Calamities of the Poor» jAat L^iflature Aottldthos 
be taloen « p and cnqdoy'd in Si^ctees M tht Adtabcement 
of the Power^ Pride, and Luxury, of die fLkk and Nobie. 
*Tts tfile, this Affiur ought to be treated in a lAoft folemn 
Marnier, by Reaibn of the awful Ai^hority frota whence it 
eotnts ; but wi^ mnft not, on fuch Octaiioos, be offiefs'd by 
outwfttd Things, but look ib the Bottom of the Matter be* 
fta-e ns» dtrcfted of evwy Thio| that can divert ns from 
faeing the troe lUafea of what pai&s, and Ac Pretenions to 
what is aikM. . 

* If thi^Bill k re^rM for {Utventing die Creation of oc 
cafiorad Peers, why, stthe fame Time, are £vc and twehtf 
S^ots> aod eight Bngbfh, to be now made? h not diis thik 
fiune Thing, ^ lofay, If you will let as make fo many this 
one Tune, under the Sartdion of a Law, wr wiU make no 
mdte» for we ikA hare no Occa£6n for any more ? The 
ktter End of tiiis Bill foems to have fome OtotpiBon towards 
die Prerogative; and cnads fomething gradotts towards the 
^fiirendents of the Sovereign, before the Commencement of 
die Ariilocracy, vi«. ^ft;tQiMDet albbapjfit netert^Iett* 
' That nochilig 10 diis A& coittam^d^ ftall be taken or coa- 
*' ftt^'d to lay nny Jleftraint upon the Su^^t MajeRy, ii» 
* Heiia or Succeflbr^ ftom, advaitcii% or prom&tiiig any 

• Peer 

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* Petr^ having Vot» aod S^t ia ¥^m^nt, t^ my lug^ Ai>feof.«M.b 

' Rank or Degree .of Digvybty or tiokiiity i w from ci^c^tr j^ .^S^rfc- ^ 

* ing or makiflg any of the Pri»ccs ef tb? BJchkI Pw« pJF ^"^V^^i^ 
^ Great Aritaip, or JLords of PjEurliaMnit ; Mi fu(c)i Piiwtf^ 

' of cfaft BlQO(d> 6» citmdl, 0mU notbt jeft^em'4 D^ U »^ 
*" Part of tke Number i to y/bkk die pK^rs of Gre«t B^ryfi^ 
< are l^ tlus Aa reftraio'd.' Tbk is ]t^ iQraor m4 F;»fP9i> 
wluch, 9B foon as all tbcir own Pofterity, a^ A(mdfit^ i^ 
couidiMfall them» are providei for^ i$ Siioft bou^tsovfly kv- 
&ov/'d on the Children of the Royal Famiiy : As 4j^s Qi^qd^ 
Heis is conf^rr'd on thofe of it, who are nf>t yet jtictl^ 1)9 
that Honour, it is to be prefum'd, that n^^mg yeOtd m 
others of them will be ailauUod ; but that wh^ov«r bccopfii 
of this Bill) their preienit Eftates, their the» remauiM^ 
Elates, wiU be llill inviolable. 

' Since there is fo fuU a Houfe at this Diebat^^ t dcwbt ^ 
bat it if^ill in&Hibly ond according to Juftice; tarlim 
never diink «ha liben^ of Great Britain in OaA^ stX ftcb 
aA^kieting; bat for my Part, Tam againft cooMnittj^g ^ 
this Bill, becaufe I thiok it would be oonO^ttiog pf Sin-* . 

Mr Pitt, Member for Old Sarum^ fpoke ne?ct ag^inU thf Mr m 
PfQJedors of this Bill, whom he tax'd wilh. mean Qbfe- 
quHMiiaeA to Foceigners^ and with Defigns agaiiivft the hv- 
bercies of their Countrymen** Sir Wilfrid Lawfon, Mpmn ^"J^^^^ 
her for Borough-Bridge, and Mr .Horatio Walpole, wba Mr a wiuroW. 
fpokt on tine fame Side, wei« anfwerM by Colonel Moretont ^i- Moretoa. 
Sir . John Packingt6n, Knight of the Shire for WocceAor^ sir John pu^ 
^^e next as follows. .«*«*»• 

Mr Speaker, 

' We haice all tKe ke&hr^ in tike World to acknovtMgc tb# 
good Intentions his Msgefty has been pleasM to expceis in hiii 
Speech for the Good of his Subjeds aiid the liberty of ot^ 
Coiiftttu^oni but, in my Opinion, his MaJAfty is not rightifr 
informed of the Manner of making hisSttbjeds ieel the ESote 
of thole ghUdous Intentions s and in particubr, the Bill now 
before us is a \ery improper Return to all the DemooAnin ^ 

tions of Duty, Zeal, and Affe£tioB, whifih his Aittful 
Comi^ions hav£ giron fioce his Majefty*s bappy Aooeffioo to 
the Throne. When the King and his Miniftors thot^;ht £t 
to enter into a MEt Alliance with France, ^md thereby^^ 
that ancient and ahnoft irrecondlabie Enemy of Engbundr 
aft Opportunity to retrieve the extreme^ low and defpesaWr 
Condidon of their Affairs, the Commons ^id aot oppoA 
t)u>fe Meafures. When his Majefty judg'd it nec^Quy^ 
either for the Good of iiis Subjeds, or to iectire ibme A^- 
quifitions in Germany, to declare War againft Sweden, aA 
to (end ftrong Squadrops into the Baltick, his ^thful Com- 
mons ceadHy provided for tho& great Bxp^oct. When a&\ 

Vol. l^ ' D d toward* 

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inurt 6. Cm. I. terwards it was thought prqwr to deprive his Majefty^s Sub- 
^^^i^Jii^^ jcfts of the beneficial Trade to Spain, by declaring War 
^^^ againft fliat Crown, and fending a Fleet in^o the Mediter- 
ranean to ferve as Ferry-Boats for the Emperor's Troops, 
the good-niitar*d Commons approvM thofe wife Counfels : 
After all thefe and fereral other Inftances of Obfe- 
quiottfnefs and Con^laiiance, which this Houfe has fhewn 
tor the Minifters, it is Matter of Wonder we fhodd, at M, 
be no better rewarded, than by a Bill, vifibly calculated to 
occlude the Commons from Titles of Honour, and to raife 
the Dignity and Power of the Peers. It feems to have been 
tile prind]^ Defign of the Miniiby, fince the Beginning 
of this Reign in particular, to rive one Family the abib- 
lute Difpoial of all Honours and Favours. For my own 
Part, I never defir^ to be a Lord, but I have a Son, who 
foay one Day have that Ambition ; and I hc^ to leave 
him a better Claim to it, than a certain great Man (^mionif^ 
Gtntrml Staith$pi\ had, when he was made a Peer. It is in- 
deed an Extraordinary and unexampled Condeicenfion in his 
Majelly, to part with ib valuable a Branch of his Royal 
Prerogative, as is the beftowlng Marks of Honour and Di- 
fiin^on on fuch ak hav^ deferv*d them, by their eminent 
Virtues and Services to their King and Country : However, 
coniidering what Equivalent is given by this Bill to his Ma- 
jefty, no Body will wonder at this Conceffion, if it reached 
no ^ther than his Majefty ; but I hope this Houfe will ne- 
ver concur in depriving of fo bi^ht a Jewel of the Crown, 
the Prince, who, in his proper Turn, is to wear it ; and 
who is fo worthy of it by all the Royal Virtues that fhine 
& his Peribn ; and which, during his Regency, have gained 
him the Hearts and AfFedions of all true Engliihmen. And 
if Ibme Perfons have, thro* their Indifcretion, occafion^d 
im unhappy Difference, I am apprehenfive, that if this Bill, 
(o prejudicial to the Rights of die prefumptive Heir, fhould 
pafs into a Law, it may render that Divifion irreconcilable ; 
and therefore I am againft the committing this Bill.* 
MrtiaaiKien. MrHampdenanfweredoneof the mofl material Objedions 

agamft the BiU, vis. * That it would give the Peerage an 
' arifbocratical Authority ; * and endeavoured to Ihew on the 
contrary, * That the Limiting the Number of the Peers 
would rather diminifli than increafe their Power and Intereft, 
^ fince thefe were mainly owing to the conftant Addition of 
Riches which the Peerage receives by the ennobling of 
MrCnui. wealthy Commoners.* Mr Craggs fpoke on the fiune Side^ 
v^ urg'd, * That his Majefty, fmcc his Acceffion to 
•b Throne, had had no other View than to procure the 
Good and Happinefs of his Subje£b, and to fecore their 
Rights and litenies, . That having, in his Royal Wifdom. 


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Cfinfider'd the AboTe tkat was jnade, in die laft Reki^ of Af»a<,Gt».i, 
that branch of the Prerogative, relatiiig to the Creating of v«/-v!rSi^ 
Peers, which Abufe had brought the Liberties of Great 
Britain, and of all Europe, into imminent Danger ; hit 
Maiefly, throi^h a Condefcenfion worthy of a Prince truly 
xnag^ianimous, had graciouHy been pleased to conient, that 
fuch Bounds be fet to that Part of the Prerogative, as may 
prevent any exorbitant and dangerous Exerdle of it for the 
Time to come : That it was only in the Reigns c^ good 
Princes, that Legiflators had Opportunities to remedy and , 
amend the Defers to which all human Inftitutions are fub- 
je^ ; and that, if the prefent Occafion of re£Ufyii^ that ap- 
point Flaw in our ConlUtution were loft, it might, per- 
haps, never be retrieved.' Mr Methuen anfwer*d Mr MrMethuon. 
Craggs, a^id ihew^d the Danger of making Alterations in 
.the Fundamental Laws and Ancient ConfUtution ; ' Urging 
the Comparifon of a Building, in which the Removing one 
iingle Stone from the Foundation, may endanger the whole 
Edifice.* Mr. Heme fpoke on the fame Side ; after which Mr Heme, 
Mr. Lechmere own^d, < That he did not like thi% Bill, as Mr Leduaeit. 
it was fenr down to theiQ> yet he did not doubt but it 
might be made a good one, provided the Lords would give 
the C<^mmons an Equivalent, and fulFer them to fhare ieve- 
ral Privileges and Advantages, which their Lordihip* enjoy. 
Therefore he infifted on the committing of the Bill, that 
they might make Amendments to it ; and as to the Objec- 
tion, that it was dangerous to make any Innovations in the 
Conilitution, he alledg'd feveral Inftances, particularly, the 
A£l for limiting the SucceiHon, and the Ad of Union, 
which, indeed, had alterM, but, on the other Hand, had ra- 
ther improv*d and fbengthenM, than prejudic*d the original 
Conilitution.* Mr Robert Walpole (poke next, andendea- Mriuwtipoic. 
vour*d to confute all that had been offered in Favour of the Bill. 
He took Notice, * That among the Romans, the wifeft 
People upon Earth, the Temple of Fame was plac'd be* 
hind the Temple of Virtue, to denote that there was no 
coming to the former, without going through the other : 
But that if this Bill pafs'd into a Law, one of the mod 
powerful Incentives to Virtue would be taken away, fthce 
there would be no coming to Honour, but through the 
Winding- Sheet of an old decrepit Lord, and the Grave of 
an extind noble Family. That; it was Matter of juft Sur- 
prize, that a Bill of this Nature ihould either have been 
projc^^ed, 6r at leaft promoted, by a Gentleman who not 
long ago fate amongft them ; {^meanwg lord Stanhe^e] zjid 
who having got into the Houfe of Peers, would now fhut 
up the Door after him. That this Bill would not only be 
a Difcouragement to Virtue and Merit,. but aMb endanger 
D d a ' our 

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AniU l,iS^ t 0(xr 

Ivir Ai^Iabie. 

^^5(j,^# l^v^ewx tte thuee Bi^ttcWs ©f the L^Hl^tei-c, if ifty <nd** 
^^-^^^^^ If iigit tv&e thrown hitt) an^ o4i€ of ihbk fettftdiffS^ h 
Vwild ddftrby tfiat Ballahce, and cbnfequeritly febv^H* 
Whole Cbnllittitkta. TJiat rite Pfeei^ IvfeH? already pwHfrIi 
of rakny Vahiablc t^rivfleffes, ahd to give tlicm tiM^ 
J^W^r and Aatti^ority, by Hmirihg thdi- Nutnbct, tn>^ 
in titttfe, bring back di^ Cwmncmr itlM tlie State of tjie 
itrvite 13e|)f6hwAcjr th^ v»cre in, when they wore the B«rf- 

es of th^ Lbrts. That he conH not but wonder, tkat Afr 
jrfs woufd Tend fach a Bill to the Contmonsi fbi^hW 
^mild they tatjjcft that the Commons wotild gnrc Afcir Cctt^ 
currencc tb fo injurious a Law, by which they aftd ftirtf 
f ofterities are to be excluded froih Hife Peefjage f Aitd h#Hf 
WttUld the Lords receive a KIl by which it ftionld ht eft* 
afted, Irhat a Baron flxDilld not be made a Vrfcount, nor a 
Vifcount be made an Earh and fo on ? That befidcs al! 
this, that iPart of the Bill which related to the Peerage of 
Scotland, would he a manifeft Violatiofi of the A&. of Union, 
on the Part of England, and a difliemotiraWe BreacJi of 
Truft in thofe who reprefented tHt Sbots Nobiftty. TfiJtt 
fuch an Infiringeniettt of the Uiiion, would endanger the en^ 
tire Diflblution of it, by dlfgufting To great a Number of 
the Scots Peers as fhould be excliSed from Sitdng in the 
Britiih Parliament. For as it was wcH known, that the 
Revolution-Settlement ftood upon the Principle of a 
mutual Compaft, if we fhould firft brfeak the Articles of 
Union, it would he natural for the Scots to think thew- 
felvcs thereby freed ftom all Alfegiance. And as for what 
had been fuggeiled, * That the E4eaion of the fixteen Scots 
*■ Peers was no lefs expenfive to the Crown, than injurious 
*■ to the Peerage of Scotland,' it might be anfwer'd. That the 
making twenty five Heredhary iitting Scots Peers would ^iQ, 
encreale the Difcontents of the eleding Peers, who thereby 
would be cut off of a valuable ConfideratJon for not being 
chofen.* Mr Aiflabie flood up next, and anfwer*d a mate- 
rial Objeftion that had been rais*d againfl the Bifl, viz. 
*' T^>at it was dangerous tb make any Innovations in the 
* Conftitution ; ' ana made it appear, that feveral Aherationa 
had been made in the original Conilfttttion by Alagna 
Charta, the Habeas Corpus Ad, and feveral other Laws 
made for the Benefit of the Subjed ; and upon the whole 
was for committing the Bill. He was back'd by Ser- 
jeant Pengelly, but they were oppos'd by Mr Smithy who 
urg'd, * That the Foundation of this Bill being wrong and 
faulty, there was no Room for Amendments, and therefore 
he was againft committing it.' Mr Hungerford, who 
brought' up the R^ar, lyas for cc^mpitting the Bifl ; but 


Mr J. bmitli. 

Vk Hungerford. 

y Google 

( 21$ ) 

abflttt B^ in the Evening, the <^ieftioa beiog pat uponf aomc. Gto.i« 
the Lwd William Pknkt's Motion, the Ome was cany'd y^^SJJrO 
in the N^ptfave, by a Majority of 269 Vokw ag^linft 177^^^^^^ 
AiiM thb it wai nov'd and rdbly'd, by abcMK thf £1^ The Pe« 
IdMafity, that the BiU be rt^satd. ^ ' 

T'he lleacbr wiU find a Lift of ^e Members, who voted 
for aeid againft this remaricabk BiU, in the JPPENDIX. 

ymnuAty at. The Common« in a graodCofllinittee, took The < 
into Confidcration that Part of his hfejefty^s Speech at the gJfoi^Sc^.'" 
Opening «f this Scffien, which rektes to the poUkk Debts, gj?^^bg^ 
aw read the Aooouat of thofe Debts^ as they fiood at the MdthePropdais 
Bxcheqner at Michaehnas f7»9; as Mlb a Propo&l of the ^^aSS^^ 
SoUE^Sea Company, towardt the Reden^tion and Sinking, 
of the &id Debts. But as this Pmpefal came iaast <tf what 
was expedted, and the Friends of the Bank of Rn|^and 
having rtjprelbnted, in Behalf of this laft Cotporatioa, the 
great and eminent Services they had doAe to the Govern- 
naent, aa the meft diiicolt Hmes, and iK^ch defervki at 
Itaft^ dwt hf any Advantage was to be made by any pub- 
lick Bargains, thi^ flKmld be peeferr'd before a Company 
thac had never done any thiq^ ^oe the Nation, the C«mfide- 
ration of chat important A&dt was pot off tiU the 27th. 

y^m, tj* The Commons in a Grand CemaMttee coofi. 
der'd farther of the publick Debts 1 and the Bank of £ng- 
lanid havkig 3«id theii Pn^pofition bejbre the Committee, 
whereby it appearM, that they offered about two Millions 
Sterling more to the Government, in lefs Time than the 
South-Sea Company ; it was thought fit to give the faid 
Oempmy feme Time to confider farther on that ft^tttr r 
whkh was thereupoa put off tiU the firft of February. 

February 1. The Commons, in a Coaunittee of the whole DeUtecionMrnii^ 
Hmfe, refiun'd the Confideration of that Fart of the King's {bdT^c!^. 
Speedi whkh Delates to the puUick Debts, as alfo the feoond °^^' 
Schemes^ or Prqpoials, both of the Sonth-Sea Company and 
<sf the Bank <^ En^Umd. 

Thefe two difierent Schemes occaiton*d a Debate, in 
which Mr Robert Wa^le was, the chief Perfon who flood mtil wtipoic 
Qp for the Bank ; but Mr Aiflabie made it appear that the Mr AUhbie. 
pMfoiak of the South-Sea Company were more advantage- the Hoafe reibire 
ons to Che Prtlick ; and it was at laft refolv'd. That the ^SS^cffthVbfsS 
Propo^ made by the South-Sea Company be accepted, company. 
This Refohition being the next Day reported, was agreed to 
by the Houfe, and a BiU thereiqxm ordered. 

J^arcl 4. An engrofsM Bill from the Lords, intitled, Jn g^^^"A^ 
AS Jbr thi httftr Jicuring the Dependency of the Kingdom cf F^rMirii^ti^ 
Irs/and upon the Cro<wn of Great Britain^ was read a iecond J^'"^ ^ 
Time ; and a Motion being made for committing, it to a 
Commit^e pf th^ whole ^ouie, it QC^fion'U ^ Debate. 
_ " Mr 

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Mr Pitt 

Mr Walter 


Lord Molefwoith. 
Xiord Tvttonntl. 

7'ht Bill, For 
jteuring fht Df 
ftndentjvf In- 
iandf pau'd. 

tnahfitig at Sftrfft 

intreaft thir Cs- 
fHal Stetk, ptflet 
the Houfe. 

fige rei&uog to 
r.rding Corport- 
Tioaifot ininriag 
risandige. . 

( ^14 ) 

Mr Pitt firft fpoke 2ipdn£t the Bill %ing» * It ftediM cal- 
culated for lio other PurpoTe than to incFeafethe Poiiferof 
the Bdtifli Hoofe of Pern, which, in his Of»nion, was ai- 
ready but too great. He was feconded by Mr Walter Plum- 
mer, who excepted againft the Pl:eamble of the fiiU, as ia- 
ooherent with the enarang Part, which was partly own'd by 
Sir Jofeph Jekyll, u4io, in the main, fpoke fcnr the BtU. 
Mr Hunfferford, on the contrary Side, endeavoured to fliew. 
That Ir^ind Was ever independent, with Refpeft to Cbnrts 
of Judicature : And he was fupported by the Lord Mokf- 
worth, the Lord Tyrconnel, and fome other Members: 
But Mr PhiUp Yorke » having backed Sir Jofqih JekyU ; 
and the Queftion being put iqpon the Motion, it was carry *d 
in d&e Affirmative, by 140 asainft 83, and fo the Bill was 
committed to a Committee of the whole Houfe. 

March z6. It was refolv*d, that the Bill, Fsr ^ httUr 
fituring tht Dipindituy tf Inland do pais. 

April 2. An engto(s*d Bill, F«r iaaUa^ tht Snab-Sia 
Comfatiy tg increafi tbiir frtfint CafHal Stocky &c. was read 
the 3d Time, and fome Amendments having been made 
thereto by the Houfe, the QuefUon was put, that the faid 
Bill do pafs, which, after a Debate, was carry 'd in the Af- 
firmative, by 172 againft 55, and the iaid Bill was fent up 
to the Lords for their Concurrence. 

MiK^ 4. Mr Aiflabie f , prefented to the Hbuie the follow- 
ing Me&ge from the King. 

*f T T I S Majefty having receiy'd feveral Petitions from 
JLJL great Numbers of the moft eminent Merchants of 
the City of London, humbly praying, that he would be gra« 
cioufly pleas'd to grant then^ his Letters Patents for ered* 
ing Corporations to infure Ships and Mercfaandixe ; and 
the faid Merchants having ofier'd to advance and pay a 
confiderable Sum of Money for l^s Majefty's Uie, in 
Cafe they nu^ obtain Letters Patents accordingly : His 
Majefty being of Opinion, that erecting two fuch Corpo- 
rations, exduiive only of all other Corporations and So- 
cieties for infuring of Ships and Merchandize, under pro- 
per Reilri6iions and Reguktions, may be of great Ad- 
vantage and Scanty to the Trade and Commerce of the 
Kingdom, is willing and defirous to be fhengthen'd by 
the Advice and Afliitance of this Houfe, in Matters of 
this Nature and Importance : He therefore hopes for their 
ready Concurrence to fecure and confirm the Privilem 

• Made ^Hcitor General^ March tl^y l7T9»to. 
f LharmUnr 0^ tbi Juxdfe^ntr, 

y Google 

( «is ) 

^* his Majelly Ihall grant to fuch Corporations^ and to tn* aum«. om.i^ 
*^ able him to di&harge the Debts of his CivU Government, ^ ^'^' 
** widiottt burdening his People with any new Aid or 
*« Supply." 

Hereimon a Bill was ordered to be brought in, to enable j^*^*^^'^ ^ 
his Majefty to grant Letters of Incorporation to the Ufes Puriuaofcut^rc^. 
and Purpoies mention*d in his Majefty's Meilage. 

Aftfy 6. A Motion was made by Sir William Wynd- MoUon for an Ac- 
ham, that an humble Addrefs be prcfentcd to his Ma- ^f^^^^^T 
jelly, that he would be gracioufly pl^'d to diro^l an Ac- i^*^ " ^ 
count to be laid before the Houfe, of the Debts which ^^ . 
were owing to the feveral Heads of Expence for his Ma- 
jefty's Cinl Government, at Lady-Day laft, and aUb an 
Account of the Arrears of the Civfl Lift Funds to pay 
the iame ; but the Queftion being put wym the (aid Mo- 
tion, it pais*d in the Negative. C^ the other Hand, Mr 
Henry Pelham made a Motion for an Addrefi to return his Matkm feruAtf. 
Maje^ the Thanks of this Houfe, for his gracious Con- SS^iaJ^tt?' 
defeennon, in defiring the Advice of this Houfe upon a ^^^^ 
Matter of fuch Importance, as the Infurance of Ships and 
Merchandize, and to acknowledge his Majefty*s Goodnefs, 
in applying the Advances ariiing to him from fuch Pro- 
pofab, to the Ufe of his Cavil Government, for the Support- 
of the Honour and Dignity of the Clown, without burden- 
ing his People with any new Aid or Supply t and to ai&re 
his Majefty, That this Houfe would moft readily concur to 
make his Majefty*s moft gracious Intenticms eftedual, for 
the Eafe, Security, and Wel&re of his trading Subje^.* 
Mr Fdham being feconded by Mr Robert Walpole, it was 
refolv*d to prefent thb (aid Addreis, and a Committee was 
appointed to draw it up : It was likewife mov'd and carried ^^^ * *v««* 
to addrefs his Myefty, I. For an Account of the Dif- 
pofition of the 250,000!. granted in the. 3d Year of his ^^^'^'^f^*& 
Majefty*s Reign, for enabling his Majefty to concert fuch %y^i%^teA 
Meafures with foreign Princes and States, as might prevent S?7J^^fef 
any Charge or Apprehenftons from the Deiigns of Sweden «« Account ©f Pen- 

- / . P -V 1 TT r» * A t- fioiis Riven toMc ax- 

for the future. [Sti f. 125.J II. ror an Account of ben iuice <he xoti; 
what Fenfions have been granted, and what Warrants for **^^' *^*^' 
bene^cial Grants have been iiTu'd by the Lords Commiffio- 
ner$ of the Trcafory, fince the loth Day of May 1719, to 
any Member of this Houfe. 

' Mi^ 7. Mr Bofcawen acquainted the Houfe, that the 
King had given DiredUons, purfuant to the Defires of the 
Roufe, exprefs'd in thofe two Addreftes ; and, in the After- 
noon, the Commons, in a Body, waited on his Majefty 
with their Addrefs of Thanks for his Miyefty*s Meilage, as 



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I ti6 } 
Molt Gnkjous Sovereign, 

< IKT/E your Maiefty's moft dntifiil aad loyal Soljeas, 
TbeOom^iAd- « VV 1^^ CpouiioNs of Qtttt Briuun ia Ftrliaourait af- 
feMhcKingHMef.' femblcd, retam your Majefty our humble Ths^nks, for 
^JjJI^f^ ^ * communicaring to this Houfc the Application made to 
skipf, «rc • yottr M^fty for obuining the Charters for i^urii^ of 

^ Ships and Merchandises. Your Majefty's being ff^taoxAj 

* pleas'd not tp take my S^eps^ in a Matter of &ck^ Impor- 

* tance to the Trade and Conuaerce of the Kii^dom> 

< without the Advice and Concurrence of yoor Pailiament, 

< is an Inftaaoe of fo much CondefoenfioB, as ieicvires the 

* hi{^eft itetums of Duty and ThaBkiidn«(s. 

* We acknowledge your Majefty's Goodaeft, in iq^yii^ 

< to the Ufe of the Civil Go^i^mment the Advantages 

* arifing to y«ur M^efty from fiick Propofals. It is a great 

< Satisfa^iea to your CoomionSy to &e MieHonanr aad Dig^ 
' nlty of the Crew« fupported under the BiiSpdkaes, which 

< the fiiecefity ^ ^yranr MafcAy's AlBtiirs may have occa- 

* fion'dy widioot laying the Baeden of any^ new Aid or 
' ^vif^y upon yottir People. 

* Md we b^ Leave to -liriire your Ms^eSty, that this 

* IJoole k re6>lv*4l to render fffiafinial your Af4^l^s gra- 
' cious Intentions for the Eafe, Secant^, wid Wel£me of 

* your trading Subjeds.* 

To this Addrefs the King tetafn'd the fblloweig Anforcr. 


King's Speech it 
concluding the 
Fifth Scffloa. 

** T Receive this Addrefs as a particular Matk of your 
*^ A. Aieftion to me. It is a new Proof to me aadaH the 
** World, how much I can always depend i^on it. I thaak 
*^ you for it in a paeticular Maimer." 

yume II. The King came to the Houfe of Peers, and 
gave th^' Royal Ailent to ieveral Bills ; after which his Ida* 
jefly made the following Speech. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
*' T AmnowcometoputanEndtothisSeffioii, whicb^tho* 
** X it hath advanced fo far into the Summer* cannot be 
*^ thought a tedious one, when we confider how much Bst' 
*^ finefs hath been done, and the goeat Advantages that 
** may be expeded from it. 

" Your fcaftmable Vigour and Perfevcrance to fopport 
'* me in the Meafures I have taken with my Allies, for re^ 
<r floring the Tranquility of Europe, have produced moft of 
'* the EfFeas I cQuld ddffeu Much the greateft P&rt of 
** Chriilendom is already freed from the Ca&nities of Waiv 

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'* and, by what hath happened both Abroad and at Home^ 
** my People miift be oonvinc'd^ that their Wel£u:e is in- 
** feparable from the Strength and Secarity of my Govem- 
" mcnt. 

Gentlemen of the Houie of Commons^ 

•* I return you my Thanks for the Supplies you have 
** rais^^d for the Sendee of the current Year ; and it is a 
** particular Satisfadion to me» that a Method has been 
** found out for making good the Deficiencies of my Civil 
** Lift, without laying any new Burden upon my Subje£b. 
*^ The good Foundation you have prepared this Seflion for 
** the Payment of the Naticmal Debts, and the Diicharge 
** of a great Part pf th«n, without the leaft Violation of 
** the publick Faith, will, I hope, ftrengthea more and 
" more the Union I defire to fee among all my Subjeds^ 
*' and make our Friendfhip yet more Valuable to all Foreign 
** Powers. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

•* You will fee the good £ffe6b which bur Steadinefs 
** hajth produced ; th^re remains but Utde, On our Part, to 
" fedsfy the World, that tnore Credit, .Security, and G^ea^ 
** nefs,' is to be atqurr'd by following the Views of Peace, 
** and adhering ftri£Uy to juft Engagements, than by de- 
** pending on the Advantages of War, or l^ purfubg the 
'^ Meafures of Ambition. To compleat what remains un- 
*' fini{h*d, I propofe very fpeedily to vifit my Dominions 
" in Germany, hoping to put an End to thofe Troublcs4ii 
'* the North, which are how reduced to a very narrow 
«• Compais. I flatter m/ftlf, that my Prcfeoce this Smn- , 
" mer in thofe Parts will prove ufeM tb ot|r t)OQr Protc- 
•* ftant Brethren, for whom jrou have exf refc'd fuch fia- 
** ibnable and chapitabie Sentiments. 

** I doubt not but to meet you again next Winter, dif- 
** pos^d to put a finiihing Hand to all thofe good Works 
•» which, by your Aflifjance, I have' brdught fo hear to 
•* Ferfeffion. I could wifti that all my Subje6b!, con-' 
** vinc'd by Time and E>q)erience, would lay aiide thofe 
" partialities and Animofides which prevent them from 
** living quietly, and enjoying the Happinefs of a mild 
*' legal Government : It is what I chufc to recommend at 
" this Time, when I am fenfible, that all Oppoiition to it^ 
** is become vain and ufelefs, and can only end anfortu-' 
** nately for thofe who Ihall ftill perfift in ftruggling againU 
*' it. I am perfuaded'that, during my Abfence, every one 
•' of you wifl take particular Care to preferve the Peace in 
** your feveral Countries, and that I ftiaH ikid you, at my 
" Return, in fuch a State of Tranquility, as will ftiew v 
** Mankind how firmly my Ggvcrnmcnt is eftaWiih'd i 
^ Vol. !• ' E c ' " which 

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( 2r8 ) -- 

•«^p«>-»- ". whick I chiefly <Jcfire, bccaufe I thHikUc Security and* 
~ * " Prcfervation of: my People, and. of this happy Conftiiu- 

^* tioD, depend&entirely uponit.'* 

Then the Lord Chancellor, by his Majefly's Command, 
prorogued the Parliament to the 28th of JiUy : Afteir which 
they were fay< feveral Prorogations farther prorogued to the 
8th of December.. 


' In the Sixth Session, of the 

'Rrjf Parliament of King George L 

^wlo^^o.l. TpwUrfuant. to,:the M Prorogition of the Parliament, 

*^^ \r^ '^? ^."8 came to thp Houie of Lords» on the 8th of 

X , December, and the Commons attending, the Lord. 

Chancellor, by .his.Ma^eily's Coinmand, read the foUowr 

ing-Speech to both Hoiues. 

My Loi-tls and Gentlemen, ! . 

iP"f •* ^thTsiih *' C ^iice wt; Liil parted, the Face of our Afiairs Abroai 

sSSSfwherdn " %J h bccome morc favourable j ^he Peace in the South 

tiM^S^SoSrif '' o^b^ wanti the Form of a Copgrefs, and that of the 

ti>cs.s. ouamity. « North h brought much nearer to a Cpnclufion. I ihall, 

** at a proper Time, order the feveral Treaties I have made 

** t« be laid before you ; by which you will perceive the 

■*' S licccfs of our Endeavours to eftablilh a Peace throughout 

*^ Europe, and to fecore and fupport the Protellant Rdi- 

** gion : At the fame Time, I can never fufficiently exprefs 

" my Concern for the unhappy Turn of Affairs,, which 

" hah fo much affbacd the PubEck Credit at Home. 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons, 

** 1 do mofl carneftly recommend it to yon, that you 

" confi^er of the moft effefbial and fpeedy Methods to re- 

*^ f!ore the National Credit, and fix it upon a laiting Foon- 

** dation. Vou will, I doubt not,, be aiTifted in ib com- 

*' mendablc and ijeceflary a Work by every Man that loves 

•' his Country, and efpecially by the feveral great Societies 

'' of this Kingdom. I hope you wiU» on this Oocafion^ 

•* remember, that all your Prudence, your Temper, and 

'' Refolution, are neceflaiv to find out and apply the pro* 

*^ per Remedies to our Misfortunes ; which wiU, if you 

** fucceed, ferve to increafe that Reputation you have fo 

V juftly acquired, particulariy, if you ihali be able, faotwith- 

«* ftanding 

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{ <8I9 ) 

^ tbmiing thtfk DifficultitA, to di^ai^iE Part of iht 
'• Poblkk Debt 

<< I liave ord€r*d the fever^l Eftimatel to be laid before 
** you of the Expence of the enfuing Year ; aod muft db- 
<< £re yott to difpatch the Supplies neceiSiry for them. 
My Lords and GeQtlemen» 

'< J am glad lo obferye to yon» that our Trade does ap- • 
** pear to have been more extended this Year than in the 
** preceding one ; we have the moft flourifliing Navy of 
** any Nation whatfoever to prote^ k: And I hope 'yon 
<« will tur^ your Thoughts to the beft Methods for the fie- 
** cweity and Enlarging of our Commerce. You'may dc* 
** pend on my hearty Concurrence to all fuch Proviiion^ 
" as fliall appear to you neceflary for the Good of wf 
« People/' ^ 

The Commons being returned to their Hoife^ Mr Put- 
ten^ soiev'd, * That an humble Addrefc be pfcfented to his {^^^"J^JJUg 
Majefly, t6 return him the Thanks of this Hoafe for his ofiiaoS. 
moft gradous Speech from the Throne i to exprefs the Sse 
tisfadion of his faithful Commons at the near Pro^^ 
there is of Peace being eftablifh*d throaghout Europe, bf 
the Siiccefs of his Majefly*s Endeavours i to acknowledge 
his Majefty's mat Goodnefs in his tender Qmcem for the 
Mi^ortune^of his People^ occafion*d by the unhaj^y Turn 
of Afiirs, that hath do muchaffeOed the Pnblkk Credit of 
this Kbgdom ; to affiure his Majefty» that this Houfe wiB^ 
at this critical CoiQunAore, wherein his Majefty*s Goveno^ 
ment and the Intereft of his ftoj^ are fo highly con* 
cem*dy proceed with all poffible Cajre». Prudence, and Tem«> 
pcr» to inquire iato the Caolcs of tbefe Misfortunes, and 
9ffly the proper Remedies fer reftoring and fixbg Pidblick 
Credit upon fuch folid and lafting Fooiida6ons« as may 
effi^ftoallv give Eafe and Quiet to the Minds of his Ma*> 
jcfb^*s Sabjeds ; and that this Houfe will» with Readine£i 
and Chearfulncfs, grant the Sullies neceflary for the-Serw 
vice of the enfiiiDg Year, and confider In what Manner the 
Trade and Conuneroe of the Nation may be beft fecnrM o^i^ ^am. 
and extended*' 

Mr Henry Pelham*, Member for Seafbrd, feconded this Mr aMhanu 
MotioD, but Mr Shippea offered a Claufe to be added after kir shivpau 
Hnt W«lrds» For r^riH ^ fi^*^i ViAlick CruHt, vi«. 
* As £»" as it is confiftent widi the Honour of Parliament^ 
« Iht Intereft of die NMioa, and the Prftdples of Jnl^ce.! 

Mf Shi{»ea*s Reasons ^ ^^ Addttioi^jytfere, ' That 

in older mBttialty to xemedy die pieiknt MisfDrtunesb 

£ e a lmtank% 

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^ I 2Z0 ) 

Aw»7jQte^t {maning'tbi faiafSotah-Sia Schmi] it was afafolutely ne- 
^^ , ceilary to maintain the Honour and Faith of Parliamentary 
Engagements, and to (hew the higheft Reientment againft 
thofe, who» abufing the Truft repos'd in them, had ^ given 
fo feul a Wound to Publick Credit, and enrich'd then&lvcs 
by the Plunder of the Nation : That, in his Opinion, the 
Managers of the South-Sea Projeft were not the moft cri- 
minal, fince there were thofe above them, whofe Duty it 
was to overlook and direct their Proceedings ; and had thofe 
at the Helm interposM in the Aflfair of the South-Sea, as 
^ley did in die Cafe of other Prqje6b, they would luive 

5 evented that difmal Calamity which has fmce ^befallen the 
ation.' Mr Shi]^n was feconded by Mr Bromley, and 

8irW,wyii4iaffl. «ir William Wyndham, who faid, • That it would be a 
Difgrace to a Bnj^ Houfe of Commons, to (hew, on this 
Occa(ion, lefs V^ur and Spirit than the Parliament of 
Paris, then fitting at Pontoife : That that Parliament was 
* ' ' juftly look*d upon as the Shadow of an Englifh Parliament ; 
' «nd yet that very Parliament had, by their Firmnefs and 
Refolution, carry'd their Point (b for, as to get that Perfon 
teaiov^d from the Adminiflradon, whom they look'd upon 
as the Author of the prefent Misfortunes of France.' The 

totKoMi roftft. Xibid Molefworth, who fpoke oh the fame Side, run over 
Che King's Speech from the Throne, and faid, * He was 
^ad they were told, that the Peace in the*South only 
wanted the Form of a Congrefs, which gave him Hopes, 
Aat the Difficulties darted by Spain, in Relation to Oib' 
Ittltar, Were, at kft, fnrmounted, and that we were like to 
y e f erve that important Conqueib of the preceding War, 
together with Port-Mahon, which would make us fbme 
Amends for the great ^cpoice of Blood and Treafure ws 
had lately been at, to conquer Sicily for the Hou(e*of Au- 
ftria.* And (peaking of the South-Sea Calamity, he faid, 
' That before they confider*d of the proper Remedies, they 
ought to enquire into the Caufe and Nature of the Dif* 
-temper : That it is with the Body Politick, as with the 
Body Natural ; and therefore they ought to imitate fldlful 
Surgeons, who, in order to cure a Wound, begin with 
probing it, and, when they find it nece(&ry, make Inc^om 
and Scarifications to get die venemous Core out of it, before 
they apply healing Plaifters ; and that they who follow a 
fxmtraiy Method are but meer l^mpirioks, who, by ufing 
palliatives, make the Sore rankle and fefier, and endangef 
the life of the Patient. He own*d it had been 1^ ftme 
inggefted, that then was no Law to ptmMi the Directors of 
A» South-Sea Cosiqpany, who were juf^ly look'd TUpoa as 
^'imijEiediate Authors of the prefent Misfortunes : But 
fliat^ 19 Ilis X^iinion, they oogh^ on tbk Occafion, to 

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( tu ) 
follow the Battmple of the ancient iUunans, who having no AnM 7. gm. i 
Xaw againft Panicidey becaufe their Legiflators fuppos'd s^^y/^'^'^J 
na Son could be U> unnaturally wicked^ as to embrue his 
Hands in his Father's Blood, niade one to puniih Co heinous 
a Crime, as ibon as it happened to be committed ; and ad- 
judged the guilty Wretch to be thro^^ alive, few'd up in 4 
Sack, into the Tyber.* Concluding, * That as he look*d 
upon the Contrivers and Executors of the villainous South- 
Sea Scheme, as the Parricides of their Coun^, he ihould 
be fatisfy'd to fee them undergo the fame Puniinment.* 

Sir Jofeph Jekyll (aid, < That as lie doubted not but sirj.jekyfl. 
among the South-Sea Diredors fome might be innocent, 
and others criminal ; fo he was of (pinion, there were 
thofe, who were not Difedors, no lefs, if not more crimi- 
nal, than the Diredors themfelves ; and who therefore de* 
fervM an equal, if not a feverer Puniihment : * Adding, 
* That upon extraordinary Emergencies, where the Laws 
are deficient, the Legiflative Authority may and ought to 
exert itfelf ; and he hoped a Brittih Parliament would never 
want a vindictive Power to puniih National Crimes." Mr 
Gvty Neville, Mr Pitt, and fome other Members, fpoke {£ pSu^ 
alfo for the Claufe ofl^'d by Mr Shippen : But, on the other 
Hand, it was reprefented by Mr Craggs, Mr Philip Yorke, {Jl p!^ce. 
and Mr Rob. Walpole *, 'That fuch a Reilriaion did but ill 
fuit with an Addrefs of Thanks } ^ which, in their Opinicm, 
ought to run in the ufual Form, and anfwer, in general 
TtxmSf the fever^ Heads of the Speech ftom the Throne : 
That as to the main Drift of that Claufe, they thought it 
iaconiiftent with the Rules of Prudence, to begin this Seffion 
with irritating Inquiries : That if the Ci^ of London were 
on Fire, they did not doubt but all wife Men would be 
for extii^iihing the Flames, and preventing the fpreading 
of the Conflagration, before they in<juirM into the |ncen* 
diarks : That in like Manner, Publick Credit having re- 
ceived a^ moH dangerous Wound, and being ftill in a bleeding 
Condition, they ought to a{^y a fpeedy Remedy to it ; and 
that afterwiuds they might inquire into the Caufe of the 
prefent Calamity.' Mr R. Walpole dedar'd, * That for his Mra.Waipde. 
own Fart, he had never approv*d the Sooth-Sea Scheme, 
and was fen^Ie it had done a great deal of Mifchief : But 
fince it could not be undone, he thought it the Duty of all 
good Men to give their helping Hand towaxds retrieving it : 
And that wi& this View, he had already beftow'd iome 
Thoughts on a Propoial to reftoie FuUick Credit, which^ 
at a proper Time, he would jGibmit to the Wiidom of that 
Hottfe.' Hereupon the Queftionbeii^pit for infiating^e' 


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( aj2 ) 

'^^^^^ i>#tf. 9. Upon the Report of die Addrefi of Tbanks, a 
Mr MUner. I4oti«A bf^iag lOfufe by Mr Mil(ier> Ifonber fot MinfiikaHi, 

linr ii»(«rtiiig the Words, Jmi far tmifiingibi ^ttihor^ tf mr 

fr^fmi Mitf$rtuniSy and fecondtd by Sir Jofqpb J^y}i> dK 

^EBie wi» ourry'd without duriding. 

Dst, ID. TheCommosSy with their &petker» .waited oa 

}iit Majefty ^fdth die aybove memieii'd Addrds,^ whkh is as 


Moft Gracioiis SovereigQ, 

TheCo^nons * IX/E youT Ms^cfty's moft dutiful aadloyjil SubjeEb, 
fofSte oj^ r W the Cominoas of Great Britain in Parliament af- 
spcech. t imUed, beg tieaTe to return yoOr Majefty our moft dad* 

< MaiKlhearty Thanks for your nioft gracious Speech from 

* the Throne. 

' We can never fuffictendy exprefi our Gratitude to your 

* Majeify, for your conftant Care of the true Inu^re^of 
« your Sobjeds, nor the Satisfa&ion of your.fiutbful Com* 

* moos, in ieehog that the juft Influence of your Majefty^i 
' Councils Abroad, has procurM fo ne^ur a Proi^)eit of a g6 

* aeral Peace throughout Europe « which is a irefh Jnftancc 
' to them, that your Majefty places your GreaCAeft Ofiljr 

( ' in the Profperi^anlHappine^ of your Peojile. 

* If any Thing could more efie£lually endear your Ma- 

< jefty to us thsA the MUdneis of your Government, it 

* would be that tender and ajfedionate Conoem you exprcB 
' f<Mr die prefent Misfortunes of your People, occafion'd by 

* the unhappy Turn of Af&irs, that hath fo much afefid 
« the Publiek Credit of thitKmgdom. 

* But your £udi&} Commona are. met ti^ether witli 

* Minds fttUy di^)oa!d to take the moft jufk iai ef&aasl 

* Methods, and to do every Thing that becomes an afedKh 

* nate Parliament at this critical Coi^un^ure, wheicia 

* yoxxt Majefly*t Govetanent, and the Inlereil of vour Peo* 

< pie, are fo h^y concern'^, to re^re and fix the Credit 
« of this Nado^ upon fuch foUd and kfUng Foitiidation, is 
f may efFeaually give Eaft and <^iet to the Minds of jm 

< Msyefiy's SubjSs: And we ftttter ouifehes, that 00 

* Undertaking wiiQ he d» moie eafy, fince. we are dettf- 
« min'd 10 pioccod with al polfible Prndenee, TeflMer,\aB< 
^ Refcdutioo, to iaqufeinio the Canib of our prcfeat IfiP 
f fortunes ; and, wtdk the matorett BriHMratkm, mtf 

< otirfidv«a to find out the moft: proper MeafuiiM for ledicA 
^ £ng thtfn^ and fiMT poniiui^ the Aadieanf -tfiem. 

< The Improvement of our 't'rade is of fo puUick « 
! ConccxPy end fe.'^eceffiir^ for ;die. tuppMt^ilii Posnerof 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( a<6 ) 
^Mfi KingimAi that Vft'' mil tmplojr our otmoft Endea^ aom 7. ceai.. 

* vows to jC9ofider in what Maimer theCotBiacfce of xh» \^^J\pm^^ 

* Nation may be beft iecur'd and exteiKfod. Vi^^Ar^"^^ 

* Asd we beg Leave to aflttve your Majefty, tkait vve will» 

* with all Ghaurlalne& and Ujitmmity, giant the Sti|^>lies 
^ which flndl be neoeflary for the Seifvke of the ettfuing 
' Year, aad the. Simirt of your Gov^mmoitt^ ma which 
« the Hapoineffl of the NuioQ^ the , Libetty oT your Sub^ 
^ jeai, and theSeourtiy of ourJ^digiQ«£> entirely depaad.* 

To whteh the King retum^d tic foBowing Aafwer* 

«^ TRcCHfmyoa my hearty Tbaafai for this Addre^i and abtfcjdir^Aa. 
** JL as I depend on your applying a fpcecfy Rane^ to the ^»w«^»«o- 
** prefentOilreAbl am pecTuadM you will mko dip moft 
*' prudent Mea&ms to make it eSe^ttal." 

• D^. 12.. The .Co;iimoQ% in a grand Coosnittee; confi- Mr Ntraie mom 
doh'd of Ao Motiott>to grant a Supply to his Maj^, which ST^'s^^^^ 
was onanmtouify^ agreed to. After this Mr Grey Neville* to lay before the 
mov'd. * That the DiroftDrs of the South Sea Company 5?i^*i^?' 
Ibould forthwith ky befeteihe Houfe an Account of tjieir ^ ^^ 
Pkoceedingi: Hewasfcoonded by;Mr Pitt, and back'd by ia,p^^'^^ 
Lord Molefoorth. The Conrtaers being furpriz'd at thist Ld. MoieiWoith, 
oaexpeftodt Nfbdon, MrO'2^;gs thereupon endeavoured ta MrCmggi. 
fhewy * That it was paepofterous ; and that the Houfe ha* 
vii^ already appointad a Day toreMvo* intt> a grand Com- 
mittee, to gilder of the prefent State of the publick Credit 
of this Kingdom, the lame would namralty bring on the In- 
emry into die CoaduA of the South-Sea Dire^rs.* Mr 
Cnggs was fecondcd by Lord HincEingbroke, and by Mr Ld mnchingbroice. 
Horatio Walpole*, who own'd indeed, * That the South- Mrawaipoic. 
Sea Sdieme was weak in its Proje£tion, villainous in its Exe- 
cntiony andcahoattons in its End t but that, in his Opinion, 
they ought to begin widi ap{dyii^ a Remedy to the Evil/ 
ftfr Robert Walpole added, * That, as hs had alwsdy dc- MrR.waipoic 
dared, he had ^at fbme Time upon a PropoTal for that 
Purpofe; bot was apprehenfive, that if they went on in a 
wum, paffionaie Ws^, the faid Scheme might be rendered 
akogetber imptadicable ; therefore he ddir'd, that the 
Houfe would proceed regularly and calmly, left by miming 
pred^tately into odious Inquiries, they Aiould exafperate 
the Difbetnper to fnch a Degree, as to render aU Reme- 
dies ineie&uaL' Sir Jofeph Jekyll, on the other Hand, ^jjikfH 


• AMnntei Secrstary to tU Vt^t of Cr^ton^ «; hjrd Ueuic-^mt ejf Jfc 

, Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( «4 ) 
ftt forth the Neteffity of examining, widiout the feaft 
Delaf , into the Condud of the South-Sea Con^pany ; to fee 
whether they had made good their Engagements, and ftridly 
foIlowM the Rules pfefcribedto them b^ the AdpafsM b& 
^^on of Parliament in their Favour ; urging^ « That dus 
was the moft natural Way of > poceeding in aa Ail^r of ib 
great Importance : That, on the contrary, it feem*d aUurd 
to attempt the Cute <^ a DiAemper before they were ac- 
quahlttfd with it : But that as ibon as it was thoroughly 
difcover'd, he hoped that wife AflemUy ihonld not want 
Mr c. uwibn. Schcmes to apply proper Remedies to it/ Mr Gilfiid Law- 
to^J^^J!*^ &n having fupported Mr Neville's Motion, the Courtiers 
thought fit no longer tooppofeit; fo that the fiune was 
> s%teed to without a DivifiM, and an Oder was made by the 
Hcniie accordingly. 
JJr Kttcompiaiw Dec, 1*4. Mr Pitt compkinM of the DHstorineft of the 
of tbes.&EMl!^^ South-Sea Diredors in complyii^ wdth the Orders made on 
22r ISotS?* ^« ' 2th Inilant by the Houfe, and was feconded by Sir Jo- 
feph Jekyli : But Sir Theodore ;fan£^n. Member for Yar« 
mouth, and one of the South-Sea Direftors,- having aflurM 
them, that the next Day Part of the Pajpers aiUM for would 
be laid before them, the Hou(e acquieic'd. 
T^m^A^mtM D^^ ,^ l^jjc Sub^Govemtr and Depoty^Qovcmor of 
Koufc. f^t South-Sea Company prcfented to the Houfe feveral Pi- 

pers, with a Schedule of them, which was read. Hete- 
upon it was ordered, that the faid Papers be reforrM to 
the Cbihmittee of the whole Houie, who were to take into 
Confideration the prefent State of the poblick Cr^it of this 
Kingdom. Then the Houfe refolv'd * itfcif into the iaid 
Committee ; and after the reading of thofe Papers, which 
lailed 'till about four in the Afternoon, Mr Sloper *, Mem- 
ber for Bedwin, Mr Plummer, Mr Milner, Sir Richard 
Steele, and Mr Lawfon, nuide feveral Exceptions to the Con- 
dudl of the South-Sea Directors, and, in particular, to their 
lending out vaft Sums of Money belonging to die Company, 
without being duly authorized for tRat Purpofe : But as ^ 
Committee could not regularly proceed in that Matter with* 
out exa^ Accounts of theie Loans, die &rther Confiderttioii 
The Confideration of the prcfeut State of the publick Credit was adjourned to 
phSdfS^JjJ^ die 19th J and, in the mean Time it was order'd, that Ae 
Joarnu Diredors of the South-Sea Company ihould lay befoe the 

Houfe feveral Papers reladng to that Afiair. 

Dec. 19. Mr Farrer reported to the Houfe eight Refoh- 
dons of the Committee on the Supply, feven of which were 
agreed to, but the other, viz. * That the Number of eSedive 
* Men to be provided for Guards and Garrifons in Great 

. ; Britain, 
• Secretary to th T^-M^r Gmr^ 

bigitized by Google 

( 225 ) 

* Britain, &c. for the Year 1721, including 1859 Inva- 

* lids, be 14,294 Men, CommiJQion and Non-Commiflion _ 

* Officers included/ being read a fecond Time, Mr Ship- MrShip^mofct 
pen reprefentcd, * That a general Pedce being fo near a f?" '!S?™'~«i"g 
Couclufion, Part of the Land Forces, now on Foot, might ^^^ totheNum- 
well be fpar'd, and the faving Sum apply'd towards rqpair- ^taL^^rw^**' 
ing the publick Calamity ; and therefore he mov*d. That "°"' 
the faid Refolotion be recommitted.' He was back'd by Mr 

Bromley, Sir William Wyndham, and Mr Hungerford ; sL'wl^S^Sdham. 
but was opposed by Mr Robert Walpole. Mr Horatio Wal- ^^^^^^ 
pole, Mr Smith, and fome others, who endeavourM to mth. vva^«. 
ihew, * That the Number of our Forces was fo moderate, ^J*°»^'^- 
that it could hardly be leflen'd, even altho' a general Peace 
were concluded, without expofing the Nation either to Fo- 
reign Infults, or Domeflick Fa£Uons 5 and therefore it were 
highly imprudent to make any Reduftion in the Army before 
the Condufion of the Peace : That, on the other Hand, 
the Sum that might be iav'd by dilbanding 3 or 4000 Men^ 
was very inconfiderable, and ought not to come in compe- * 

tition with the Advantage of being in a Pofturc of Defence; 
fince nothing contributes more to the publick Credit of a 
free Nation, than the being in a Condition not to fear any 
Thing, either at Home or Abroad.' The QuefUon being- * 

put upon Mr Shippen's Motion, it pafs'd in the Negative, 
without dividing. ' 

The Commons being in a grand Committee to take into The commonf in 
farther Coiifideration the prefent State bf the publick Credit coSi^r^aX^/'Jf 
of the Kingdom, Sir Jofeph Jekyll mov'd. That a feledl g;|£'^ ^''p**"* 
Committee be appointed to inquire into all the Proceedings 
relating to the Execution of the , South-Sea Aft, and was sir j. jd^iT** 
fcconded by Mr Gilfrid Lawfon. But Mr Robert Walpole ^j^y^^^L^ 
having reprefented, * That the proceeding in that Manner 
would take up a great deal of Time, and that the publick 
Ciedit* being in a bleeding Condition, they ought to apply 
a fpeedy Remedy to it ; that Motion was not infifted on. 
After this Mr Sloper ihew'd, * That the prefent Calamity MrMoper, 
was mainly owing to the vile Arts of Stock-jobbers, where- 
by the publick Funds were wound up far above their real 
Value ; which being readily aflent^ to, the Committee 
came to this Reiblution, viz. That nothing can tend more 
to the Eftabliihment of publick Credit, than preventing the 
infkmous Pra£Uce of Stock- Jobbing. Then, Mr Robert *J^'J;,^i*HiSfc' 
Walpole acquainted the Committee, ' That, as he had 2? ^?8 Ltin^V 
hinted fome Days before, he had ^pent fome Time upon a Sg^iSwickSSiit'. 
Scheme for reftoringl)ublick Credit; but that the Execution ^^^^ ^„^j^^ 
of it depending upon a Pofition, which had been laid down as 
a Fundamental, he thought it proper, before he opcn'd the 
iai3 Scheme/ to be informM, whether he might rely on 

Vol. L F f that 


Digitized by 


Anno 7. Geo. L 

ABUl ordered to 
prevent Stock- 

( 226 ) 

that main Foundation, viz. * Whether the Subfcriptions of 

* publick Debts and Incumbrances, Money Subfcriptionsy 

* and other Contradts made with the South-Sea Company^ 

* ihould remain in the prefent State ? ' This Queftioiv be- 
ing dated, occaiion'd a warm Debate, which lailed 'till near 
Eight in the Evening, when it was at laJft refolv'dby 259Voiccs 
againft 1 1 7, that all the Subfcriptions of publick Debts 
and incumbrances, and other Contra£b made with the Souths 
Sea Company, by Virtue of an Ad nuuie laft Seffion, remain 
in the prefent State, unlefs altered for the Eafe and Re- 
lief of die Proprietors by a general Court of the South- 
Sea Company, or fet afide by due Courfe of Law. 

Dec* 20. Mr Farrer reported the Refolution of the grand 
Committee on publick Credit ; which, with fome Amend- 
ments, was agreed to by the Houfe, viz. * That it will very 

* much contribute towards the eflablifhing publick Credit, to 

* prevent the infamous Praftice of Stock- Jobbing : ' and a Bill 
was order'd to be brought in thereupbn. 

MfiLWatooiepre- Dec. 21. The Houfe refolv'd itfclf into a grand Com- 
{g^s&njeto mittee, and Mr Robert Walpole laid before them a new 
Jorioji pobu^Qw- Scheme to reftore publick Credit, which was, in Subilance» 
iM ntoe^fiiiioni to'lugraft nine Millions of South-Sea Stock into the Bank 
^iil^^lAt of England, and the like Sum into the Eaft-India Company, 
SSeSiKSd- ^V^^ ^^^ Conditions therein mention'd. Mr Hutchefon, 
p»BT' and other Members, made fome Exceptions to that Scheme ; 

but none offering a better Remedy for the prefent Misfor- 
tunes, Mr Farrer, the Chairman, was dire^ed to move the 
Houfe, and it was accordingly order*d. That the (aid Com- 
mittee have Power to receive Propofals frdm the Bank of 
England, the South-Sea Company, and the Eaft-India Com- 
pany, towards reftoring publick Credit. 

January^ MrTreby *, Member for Plympton,mov'd for 
bringing in a Bill, To pre<vent Mutiwf and Defirtim^ Sec. 
and was feconded by the Lord Carpenter f , Memter for 
Whitchurch. Hereupon Sir Jofeph Jekyll faid, * He could 
not but be furpriz'd to fee a Bill mov'd for fo early, which 
feldom or never ufed to be brought in 'tiU towards the End 
of a Seffion : That fuch a Hurry feemM to be intended to 
ftop the Profecution of the Authors of the prefent Misfor- 
tunes ; That they all very well knew that their Days were 
numbered, and that as foon as they had difpatch*d the 
Money Bills and the Bill now mov^d for, they fhould im- 
mediately t)e difpatch'd Home : That therefore he was for 
fiaying thofe Bills, until they had done Juitice to the Na- 

* Secretary at War. 

•f CommauJer in 0nf (f alibis Maj^/s Forces in SeetUmJ^ Gtntrim tf 
Muwca and FortMeitmi apd Qmd (fa tJ^imm ^ Jh^igms* 

Mr Trebjr moves 
IbrtBiU. Tv/rc. 


liord Carpenter. 
«r J. Jekyll. 

y Google 

( ^^l ) 
tion» who call'd aloud for it.' Mr Craggs (aid thereupon, ^^IJ^.^ ^ 

* He wonderM to fee any Oppofition m^e to a Bill fo ne- ^^^^^' 
ceflary for the Safety of the Government, efpecially ^y a uxCnfgh 
Perfon who had received iignal Favojirs from the Crown.* 
Upon this Lord Molefworth flood up, and fai4 ^ Mr Ld. MokArorti* ^ 
Speaker, Is it come to this, that every Man who has a 

Place muft do all the Drudgery that is enjoyn*d him ? This 
may be true of fome Underlings ; but I don't believe it^ 
I am fure 'tis falie, of ELing George : He commands his Ser- 
vants nothing, but what is according to the Laws, and for 
the Good of his Snbjeas.' Then Sir Jofej^ Jekyll^ed, 

* That he was as scealous as any Man for the Service of the 
King and his Government : But he was of Opinion, that the 
doing JufUce to the Nation^ and punifhing thofe who had 
brought it into the prefent calunitous Condition, was the 
moft effedtual Way both to ferve^the King» and at thf fame 
Time to difcharge their Duty to their injur'd Country : ' 
Concluding, however, that he did not oppofe the bringing 
in of the Bill in Queftion, which was thereupon order'd to 
be brought in. 

After this, according to the Order of the Day, the Com- 
mons were to go into a grand Committee to take into far- 
ther Confideration the prefent State of the publick Credit 
of this^ Kingdom: But Sir Jofeph Jekyll refuming his sirj.jM^aaiovet 
Speech, reprefcnted, * That before they proceeded any giJ^^cSer. 
farther, they ought to fecure the Perfons and Eftates of nor, Direaw«j&c. 
thofe they had reafon to look upon as the Authors of the w^omymfSt 
publick Misfortunes ; and therefore he mov'd, That Leave ^?lji,^^^ 
be given to bring in a Bill to reflrain the Sub- Governor, dw^u be brought 
Deputy-Governor, Direftors, Treafurer, Under-Treafurer, 
Cafliier, Secretary, and Accomptant of the South-Sea Com- 
pany, from going out of this Kingdom for the Space of 
one Year, and until the End of the next Seflion of Parlia- 
ment ; and for difcovering their Eftates and Effcds, and for debate thereon, 
preventing the tranfporting or alienating the fame.* He 
was feconded by Mr Horatio Walpole, who gave fome In- Mr h. waipoie. 
fiances both of the unfair Methods by which the South-Sea 
Diredors, and their Officers, had got inmienfe Riches, and 
of their Pride and Infolence. Serjeant Pengdly, Sir Robert seii. vtn^f, 
Raymond *, Sir Philip Yorke, Mr Spencer Cowper, and to pSuJ^SS** 
Mr Jcfferies, having likewife fupported Sir Jofeph Jekyll's J^'^g^^' 
Motion, ifr was carry'd Ntm, Con, and order'd, that the faid 
> Bill be brought in accordingly. 

[ Upon this- Mr Shippen exprefs'd his great Satiafaftion, Mr shippea. ^ 
to fee a Britifli Houie of Commons refume their prifline 
Vigour and Spirit, and adl with fo great Unanimity^for the 
F f 2 publick 

• A^mUi Attorney Gfntraly Mj^ 5. 1710. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


1107. (ki 





( 128 ) 

publick Good, He own'd the Ncceffity of fccunhg die 
Perfons arid Eflates of the Soutli-Sea Direftors, and their 
Officers : But faid, ' That, in his Opinion, there were feme 
Men in great Stations, whom, ' in Time, he would not be 
afraid to name, who were no lefs guilty than the Diredlors.' 
Mr Craggs being fomewhat nettled at this, faid, * That he 
was ready to give Satisfaction to any Man that fhould que- 
ftion him, either in that Houfe or out of it.' This Ex- 
preffion gave fto fmall Offence 5 and thereupon the Loid 
Molefworth replied, * That he had the Honour to be a 
Member of that Houfe upwards of thirty Years, and never 
before now knew any Man bold enough to challenge the 
whole Houfe of Commons, and all England befides : That 
for his Part, tho' paft fixty, he would anfwer whatever Mr 
Craggs had to fay within the Houfe, and hoped there Wferc 
young Members cmough, that would not be afraid to look 
him in the Face out of the Houfe.' Upon this Mr Craggs 
feeing the Houfe in a great Ferment, got up again, and 
laid, ' That by giving Satisfadion, he meant clearing his 
Condud.' As foon as this was oyer, the Houfe debated ia 
what Manner thfcy fhould proceed in the intended Inquiry, 
whether in a grand of a feleft Committee. After long 
Difputcs on both Sides, it was refolv'd, Nem. Con. That a 
Committee of thirteen, to be chofen by Ballotting, be ap- 
pointed to inquire into all the Proceedings relating to the 
J'S^^X?^ Execution of the South-Sea Aa. This done, the Lord Hinch- 
Ld HmchinjArofce ^"g^^^^^ reprefcntcd, '/That it was to be fear'd, that be- 
moves for takji« fore the Bill ordered to be brought in againft the Sub-Go- 
Dfreaor^&JTrf' vcrnor. Deputy- Governor, and Directors of the South-Sea 
hlfo cuftSyTSSJh Company, was gone through both Houfes, the molt cnmi- 
LecEm^*^ •>/ Mr nal amoHgft them might withdraw themlclves out of the 
Kingdom ; and therefore his Lordlhip mov'd, that thcjr 
might be immediately order'd into Cuftody : ' But M^ 
Lechmere, having fhew'd the Inconveniences that might 
enfue thereupon, that Motion was dropt. 
TJjc Commons take Jan. 5. In a grand Committee, the Commons took into 
the Propofais from' Confidcration the Propofals laid before the faid Committee 
forfngrafti^g'ninc ^Y the South-Sea Company, for ingrafting nine Millions 
^^^^x^^i^'Sk' °^ '^^^^ ^t<xk. into the Eaft-India Comparer, and the like 
Sum into the Bank of England, as alfo the Prop6fals of the 
Eafl-Itidia Company and the Bank, for takihg in -the faid 
Stock, and after fome Debate, it was refolv'd, by 1 73 Voices 
againll 130, that an Ingraftment of Part of the Capital of 
the South-Sea Company into th^ Capitals of the Bank of 
England and the Eail-India Company, purfuant to the feve- * 
ral Propt)rals of the faid Companies, will contribute very 
much to the refloring and eftablifhing publick Credit. Mr 
Speaker having refum'd the Chair, the Court Party mov'd, 


A Osmtnittee of 
13 appointed to in- 
quiffe iato aJl ^ 

lidia Company, 
and nine more into 

Debate thereon. 

y Google 

liat Mr Farrer, the Chairman of the grand Committee, 
iHoald the next Day report the faid Refolution ; but this 
\^otion wa^ ibenaoufly opposM, and the Queftion being 
put thereupon, it pafs'd in the Negative by a Majority of 
153 Votes againft 140; after which it was order'd, that 
tlic faid Report be receiv*d on the i oth. 

Jan, 10. The Sub-Governor of the South Sea Company 
prelented to the Houfe feveral States and Accounts that had 
been caird for, and then Sir Jofeph Jekyll prefented to the ^^J^^^l^^ 
Houfe a Bill, ^ reftrain the Sui-Governor, Defufy-Go t^irnor^ jiramin^thimrte- 
Oireaors, Trea/urer, &c. of the Soutbr^ea Company, from ^ff'J' ^^i^ 
goirtg out of this Kingdom^ &c. 'which was read the firft, and ^'*^» ^<=- 
ordcr'd to be read a fecond Time the next Morning, After 
this, Mr Farrer .reported from the Committee of the 
ivhole Houfe, the Refolution above-mention'd, about the 
Ingraftment Sf nine Millions of South- Sea Stock, upon the 
refpeftive Stocks of the Bank and Eaft India Company ; 
and a Motion being made that the faid Refolution be re- Rirthcr Debate on 
committed, i^ occafion'd^a warm Debate, that lafEed five tteing»mng 
Hours. Mr Sloper, Mr Clayton *, Member for Woodftock, 
Sir Jofeph Jekyll, and fome others, reprefented, ' That the. Mfcuyton. 
Projed before them was more like to prove a dangerous ^" J- J«^y"- 
Palliative, than an efFeftual Remedy to the prefent Diftem- 
per ; and being founded on Injuftice, would rather farther 
hurt than reftore publick Credit.' Mr Hutchefon urged, Mr Hutchdon. 
* That this Scheme feem'd to be calculated with the fame 
, View as the former, the ill, EfFefls of which they intended 
to remedy, and rais'd feveral other Objedlions to the new 
Scheme, and iniinuated, that if the Refolution in queiUon 
were recommitted, he might propofe fomething better for 
the rcftoring of publick Credit.' Mr Robert Walpole an- mtr. waipoie, 
fwer'd all Objeftions, and being ftrongly fupported by Mr 
Craggs, Sir Robert Raymond, Sir Philip Yorke, and by JfJifS^^mt. 
feveral other Members ; the Queftion was put upon the Mo- sif ^^^9 Yorke. 
tion for recommitting the Refolution about the Ingraftment, 
which was carry'd in the Negative, by 267 Voices againft ABminPurfuance 
1 34. Then the Houfe agreed to the faid Refolution, and of the ing«^ 
a Bill was order 'd to be brought in'thereupon. be brought &. 

Jan^ 1 1. Serj. Mead reported the Names of the Commit* 
tee appointed to inquire into all the Proceedings relating to 
the Execution of the South-Sea A£l, viz. Mr Broderick, 
Mr Hutchefon, Sir Jofeph . Jekyll, Mr Wortley, Sir Tho. JkJ^a***^'*^^ 
Pcngelly, Mr William Clayton, Mr Jefferies, Lord Molcfworth, Squire inio tho 
Col. Strangeways, Mr Sloper, MrLechmere, General R06, c^^y?"^'^ 
and Hon. Mr Dixie Windfor. 

Thefe PeVfons, or any five of them, were to report their 
Proceedings from Time to Time to the Houfe, and to have 

• J)e^Hty'4Ht^tQr of th JExcte^wfr. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

Vfho are ordeiM 
to be a Committee 

The Bill againft 
the S. S. Oi^efton^ 

Sir Tho. Pengelljr 
that Mr Knight, 
CadUer of the S. S. 
Company, y0a» 

MFheretipon tht 
Commons prelent 
two Addreffcs to 
the KAoj^ oa tiut 

. Sir ReAert Chap- 
lin, Sir Theodore 
^nffei), Mr Fran. 
£yJes, and Mr 
Sawbridste, Direc- 
tor* of the S. S. 
Company^ ordered 
to aueiid m their 

(230 ) 

Power tb fend for Perfons, Papers, and Records ; and the 
fevera) Books and Papers which ha4 been laid before the 
Houfe by the South-Sea Company, were referred to the 
faid Committee. 

Jan, 16. The Bill againft the Sub-Governor, Deputy- 
Governor, and Diredors of the South-^ea Company, was 
ordered to be engrofs^d ; after which it was ordered, that the 
Committee, appointed to inquire into all the Proceedings re- 
lating thereto, be a Committee of Secrecy. 

Jatf^ 19. The engrofs'd Bill againft the South-Sea Direc- 
tors was read the third Time, paf^'d,. Nim. Con. and fent 
up to the Lords. 

7««. 23* Sir Thomas PengeUy, Member for Cocker- 
mbuth, acquainted the Houfe, that the Committee of Se- 
crecy had received Information that Mr Robert Knight, Ca- 
fhier of the South-Sea CompSiny, after having been exa- 
mined by the iaid Committee two Days before, was gone off. 

Hereupon it was refolv'd, Nem. Con. to prefcnt twb Ad- 
dreifes to the King. I. To iiTue a Proclamation, with a 
Reward for difcdvering, apprehending, and detaming the 
faid Robert Knight, that he may be brought to JuiHce. 
II. To give Orders forthwith to flop the Ports, and to take 
effedual Care of the Coafb, to prevent the faid Mr Knight, 
or any other Officers of the South-Sea Company, from 
eicaping out of the Kingidom. Thefe AddrefTes were di-^ 
redlly carried to the King by Mr Methucn *, and his Ma- 
jefly returned for Anfwer, that he would immediately give 
the neceflary Orders according to tie Defire of the Houfe : 
Accordingly a Proclamation was publifh'd, with 2000 L 
Reward for appreljiending Mr Knight* 

Notwithflanding this Precaution of the Committee, Mr 
Knight, who was undoubtedly intrufled with the principal 
Secret of this villainous Intrigue, embark'd the very fame 
Morning, on which Serjeant Pengelly gave the above Informa- 
tion to the Houfe ; ahd landed t|ie fame Day at Calais. Whe- 
ther this £fcape was voluntary, or at /the Suggeftion of 
others, is not eafily determined ; though the Publick were 
generally inclined to charge it to the Diredion of fome Per- 
fons, whom it may be fa^r to guefs than to name. 

The Commons having ordered their Doofs to be lock'd, and 
the Keys laid on the Table, fummon'd Sir Robert Chaplin, 
Bart. Member for Grimfby, Sir Theodore JanfTen, Bart. Mem- 
ber for Yarmouth, Mr P. Eyles, Member for Devizes, and 
Mr Sawbridge, Member for Cricklade, to attend in their 
Places immediately ; Then Gen. Rofs acquainted the Houfe, 
• That tjiey had already difcover'd a Train of the deepcfl 

• Controller rf th Hoifjhold. 

y Google 

( 23' ) 

Villainy and Fraud that Hell ever contrived to ruin a Nation, amm 7- ota,u 
which in due Time, thejr would lay before the Houfe 5 and ^J?^^ILj 
that, in the mean while, in order to a ^ther Difcovery, ^^^ Rofa».Motioii 
they thought it highly neceilary to fecure the Perfons of <or Vecuringthe 
fome of the DireAors, and pi^ncipal Squth-Sea Officers, and ^d9^&e!if^ 
to feize their Papers ; which was ordered accordingly. Mr s. s. company. 
Sawbridge, and Sir Theodore Jatoflen being come into the ^|J*^fi^*^ 
Houfe, a Motion was feverally made ; That they were guilty expeUM t£ »oufe. 
of a notorious Breach of Truft, as Diredtors of the &uth- 
Sea Company, and thereby occafion'd very great Lofs to 
great Numbers of his Majefty's Subjedls, and had highly 
prejudiced the publick Credit : And they having feverally 
be^ heard in their Places, and being withdrawn, the'Que- 
ition was feverally put upon the (aid Motion, and carry*d in ' 
the Affirinatke Ntm» Con. after which it was ordei^d, that 
the ^d Mr Sawbridge, and €ir Theodore JaniTen be, for 
their faid Offence, expelPd the Houfe, and taken into the 
Caftody of the Serjeant at Arms. 

Jan, 24. The Commons refolv'd Nem. Con. to addrefs ^m^^SS* 
the King, to give Direftions to his Minifters at Foreign apprehended in fo- 
Courts to ihake Application for Mr Knight, if he fhould ffii?^"^ 
Iheher himfelf in any of their Dominions, to be furrender'd S^y.'"*"**'**v 
up in order to .be brought to JuiUce ; which Directions hia 
Majefty gave accordingly. 

Jan. zz. The Royal Aflent was given to the A6t, For '^^'f^^J? 

A ' . t e\ 1 i^ rx j^ T>. Riven t^twoBilU 

reftratnsng ibe SuO'Go^ernor, Deputy-Governor^ Dtre^on^ «pjnft the s. s. 

Treajurery {ffr. of the South-Sea Companj^, from going out of "*''^°"» ^''^ 

this Kingdom for one Tear, dnd until the End of the then next 

SeJ/hn of Parliament i and for di/co*vering their Eftates and 

EffeSsy and for fre<venting the trdnfporting or alienatif^ the 

fame : Alfo to an Aft, To difahU the prefent Sub-Governor^ 

Deputy Governor, and DireSors of the South-Sea Company, 

to take, hold^ or enjoy any Office, Place, or Impkymint in the 

faid Company, or in the E aft- India Company, or in the Bank 

of England^ and from voting upon EleQions in the faid Com' 


Jan. 7.%. Sir Robert Chaplin, Bart, and Mr Francis «^ R- chapiin and 
Byles, Direftorsof the South-Sea Company, attending in reaorso?^s?^s. 
their Places, they were both likewife, for their Offence, S'We.*''^"'*' 
expcU'd the Houfe. 

February 3. Mr Robert Walpole prefented to the Houfe a MriLWaipoiepre- 
Bill, For ingrafting Part of the Capital Stock and Fund of the J^J^* ?i^;X- 
South-Sea Company into the .Stock and Fund of the Bank of f^^i^Sl^^ 
England, and another Part thereof into the Stock and Fund of thehmtk^and part 
the Eaft- India Company ; which was read the firft Time, and c^i^i'w'hkh'is 
otdcr'd to be read a fccond Time, on the 7th of Febru- «ad«»efi^Tixne. 
, ^t to which JOay th« CocfunoQS adjouxnU 
: February 

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{ 282 ) 

Aaao ^f Geo. I. Feh. 7. The aborementionM Bill was read a fecoad Time, 
^1^^^!^!^^ and a Motion being made for committing it to a Committee 
i)ei)ate on ti» fe- ^ '^^ wbolc Houfe, it occafion'd a high Debate, in which 
condEouUngthefe-Mr Rdscrt Walpolc, Mr Heath, Member for Harwich, 
lit R. w«ipote. and fcmie others, inMed for the Affirmative, and Mr Milner, 
ut^ Mr Slopcr, Mr Clayton, and Sir Jofeph Jekyll, for the Nc- 

Mr Slop?.* gative ; and it was at lad carry'd for the former, by 257 

SfSeCu. Voices iigainfl 139. 

' Feb. 8. Mr Hungerford prefented to the Houfe a. Bill, For 
sSdSo^^S *^^ ^*'r EfiMtfhmnt rffwhlkh Credit, by preiMiwtif^, for the 
the firft Time, fitiure^ tin infamous, PraSia of Suck-fohbingt which was read 

the Brk Time, and ordered to be read a fecond Time. . 
AnAddreft tothe ^^' 9- The Lord Molefworth, froin the Conimittee of 
&iKi5Su* Secrecy, acquainted the Houfe, that they had receivd In- 
^c&^f " formation, that Mr Robert Knight, late Calhier of the 
Verp. ^ ^"'' South-Sea Company, was taken, and wa^ in Cuftody in the 
Caftlc of Antwerp :«Hereupon hemov'd, and it was re- 
• folv'd, Nem, Con. That an Addrefs be prefented to his Ma- 

jefty, to return the Thanks of the Houfe for his Gpodnefs 
in giringfoch effedual Dire£Uon$ to his Miniders Abroad, 
for fecuriog Mr Robert Knight, purfuant to the Addrefs of 
the Hooie; and to dcfire, that his Majefty would give 
Orders to his Minifters refiding in the Courts of Vienna and 
BruiTels, t4 make the proper Applications, and ufe the moft 
effcdual Inftances, that the Perfon of the faid Mr Robert 
. Knight, together with his Papers and Meds, might be fe- 
curcd ^id deliyered up to fuch Peribns as his Majefty ihould 
appoint to receive the fame ; and that his Majeftv would 
giv^ Orders, upon the faid Mr Robert KnightS being 
broi^ht into Great Britain, that he be forthwith delivei^ 
and put into the Cpflody of the Serjeant at Arms attending 
the HoufCr This Addrefs was immediately ient to the King 
by Mr Methuen, who being returnM, acquainted the Houfe, 
that his Majefty would give the neceflkry Orders and Di- 
re&ions, according to the Defires of the Houfe ; and that 
in cafe his Majefty's Endeavours to have him fecur'd and 
brought over into Great Britain (hould fucceed, his Ma- 
jefty would forthwith caufe him to be delivered into the 
Cuilocfy of the Serjeant at Arms attending the Houfe. Co- 
lonel Churchill*, Member for Caftle-Rifing, was accord- 
ingly ordered by his Majefty to go to the Court of Vi- 
enna, to make Inftances for the delivering up of Mt Kpight. 
Petiuon from Af Feb. 1 3. Upon the reading, of the Order of the Houie 
aiiow^S?mfiJ!^ forgoing into a grand Committee upon the Bill, Foff ift- 
mcn^omthilSi i^^fi^ ^^^* ^f ^^ Cafifal Stock and Fund of ihe . Soutb-S^ 

due from them to Comfiam^ 

• Gmm of ibc PMambtr to the Imcc tf Wdesy and ^(mnmtf 

Ctelfes'BfpM, ^' 

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( 233 ) 
Comfaftff &c. a Petition of thk South-Sea Company was Anno 7. Gee. i« 
offcr'd to be prefcnted to the Houfe, and the Members In vJ^^J^L^ 
Wefhniniler-Hall, Court of Requcfb, and places adjacent^ ^^^^^"^ 
having been fummon^d to attend the Service of the Houfe, 
the faid Petition was brought up and read, praying the 
Confideration of the Houfe, in relation to the Payments of 
the feveral Sums of Money, which, by the Adt of Parlia- 
ment of the laft SefTion, the (aid Company ard fubjed and 
liable to, for the Ufe of the Publick, at the Times, and 
in the Manner by the faid Aft direfted, and praying 
fuch Relief, as to the Houfe (hould feem meet. Hereupon ^^«« thereon, 
a Motion was made, and infiiled on by Mr Shippen and Mr shippen. 
feveral others, that the faid Petition be rejefted ; but they 
being oppos'd by Mr Robert Walpole, and all the Court Mr r. wiipoie. 
Party, and the Queftion being put thereupon, it was car- 
ried in the Negative, by 253 Voices againft 166 ; however, » 
the faid Petition was ordered to lie on the Table ; and then 
another Motion was made by the Country Pa||jr, that it be 5bSJrthl°Di^ao» 
an Iriilrudion to the faid Conmiittee, that they have Power ot tties. s. com- 
to receive a CJaufe for excluding the Diredors of the South- ^mpaox, and the 
Sea Company, the Eaft-India Company, and the Bank of SS&SHi^ 
England, from being eleded Members, or fitting and voting o^P*fi»«cnt. 
in any future Parliament: But, after fome Debate, the 
Queftion being put thereupon, it was carry 'd in the Nega- 
tive, by a Majority of 21 1 Votes againft 164. 

Feb, 15. MrMethuen*, Member forBrackley, delivered 
to the CoHMnons the following Meffage from His Majefty. 

** T TIs Majefty having received a Petition from the Court King's MciBgcfe- 
*' JLi of Directors of the South-Sea Company, relating Q^^S^f^ 
." to the Payment of the Money due to the Puhlict from tion, 
'** the faid Company, has thought fit to tranfmit the faid 
" Petition to the Houfe of Commons ; and, at the fame • ^ 

" Time, to acquaint them, that his Majefty has no Ob- 
." jedtion to the Parliament's giving to the South-Sea Com- 
" pany fuch Eafe and Relief, in the Time of making the 
** Payments due to the Publick, as the' Houfe of Commons 
'' ftaXL think fit and reafonable.'* 

This Meflage was referrM to the Confideration of a Com- y^^^^^^ .^ rtftn^ 
mittce of the whole Houfe the Friday followii^ ; and then toa^^^^rf 
a Claufe wa^ order'd to be inferted in the Bill, For ingrafting 
Fart of the Stock and Fund of the Soutb^Sea Comfany, to 
rcftrain the Corporations of the Bank of England, of the South- 
Sea Company, and of the Eaft-India Company, from lending 

Vol. I. G g any 

' • Conty-f^ if the BoiP^ild, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( 234 ) 

Anno 7. oto, h any Sum of Money to their Proprietors upon their Stock, cx- 

,^^J2f^L^^ ceeding lool. for lool. Capital Stock. 

^ B-ii . Feh, 1 6. The Bill, Fcr pre'uentinz the infamous PraSiict 

The BUI to prevent ^>.-.,,. ^ ^ t jrS- "^j • i 

Biocfc-jobbingrcad of StocR-jobbingy was read a iecond 1 ime, and committed to 
afccondTime. ^ ^^^^ Committee. 

Feb, 1 7. The Commons, in a Committee of the whde 
S!fi£"?S!J Houfe, confider'd of the. King's Meflage relating to the 
^^'loM^rr* South«Sea Company's Petition, and came to the following 

Comjwny* peu- Refolutions, viz. I. That the Payment of the Sum of 

to2ioJ?lrtSr four Millions one hundred fifty fix thoufand three hundred 

SSTpS^forft'y- ^^ Pounds four Shillings el/even Pence, due to. the Publick hy 

aw". the South-Sea Company, by Virtue of the Aft of the laft 

Seilion of Parliament, and made payable within one Year, by 

four quarterly Payments, conunencing the 25 th March, 1 721, 

be farther poftpon'd to the Year 1722 j and that farther Fro- 

vifion be made for the more efFedlu^ Payment thereof . IT. That 

the Repayment of the Sum of One Million, which was lent 

to the Soutl#Sea Company, on the 7tlx of June 1 720, be pofl- 

pon'd to the 7th June 1722. 

^ Feb. 1 8. Thefe Refolutions were reported by M^ Farxcr, 
and agreed to by the Houfe ; and it was tihtereupon Ordered, 
that it be an Inftru6lion to the Committee of the whole 
Houfe, to whom the Ingrafting Bill was committed, that they 
have Tower to receive a Claule or Claufes purfuant to the iaid 
Tie Honfc take Refolutions. After this the Houfe proceeded to take into 
the Report fronT ConQderation the Report from the Conmiittee of Secrecy, and 
{JjJ^^°"*"<;ameunanimoufly to ten feveral Refolutions; the Particulars 
*^^j whereof at large the Reader will fiiidia ihtFO^ZS of this 

Seflion. We think it fufficie»f"to fay here, that ^e Sub- 
fiance of thofe Refolutions was,^ * That the Tate Sub^Go- 
• . vemor, Deputy-Governor and Diredors of the SouA-Sea 
;Company and their Officers, Aiders and Abettors, "were guilty 
of a notorious Breach of Trufl, and have therdjy occafionM 
.great Lo& and Detriment to the Company,, and odiers his 
Majefty's Subjefb j which has been one g^t Caufe of the 
finking of the publick Credit, and brmging upon thfe Nation 
the Di^reis it at prefent labours under, for which they ought 
And ordsr a Bffl ^^ tnsikt Satisfadlion out of their own Eflates. The Houie 
to be browht in likewife order'd a Bill to be brought in for tlie Relief of the 
Se'suftnwif *^ unhappy Suflferers in the South-Sea Company. 

Feb, 25. Mr Broderick acquainted the Conmions, that the 

QMnmittee of Secrecy were ready to lay a farther Rc^port 

^ gj^portfrom^ before the Houfe, at fuch Time as the Houfe fhould appoiitt 

tee relating to Mr to receive the fame. Hereupon it wasorderM, that the Re- 

oSto sSnhoJi. P?^' ^^ ^ow xeceiv'd. Mr Broderick accordingly rtad tte 

pniMM. faidi Report, whieh was orderM to lie on the TaMe. Tliis 

Report related chiefly to greatQuantities of Stock afid Sabfbri|>- 

tions which appeared to ^have been taken k^r John Aiflabi<^ 

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Elq; * Member for Ripon, and Charles Stanhope, Efq ; f 
Member for Milboume-Port, who thereupon iniifted on their 
Innocence, and prefs'd, ' That a ftiort Day might be appointed 
to examine that Matter, that they might have an Opportu- 
nity to clear themfelves. Mr Broderick reprefented there- 
upon, ^ That tho' the Secret Committee had a great deal of 
Evidence to fupport the Charge againft thofe two Gentlemen, 
yet they wanted a material Witnefs, viz. Mr Knight, late 
Treafurer of the South-Sea Company, who was in fafe Cu- 
fiody, and, in all Probability, would foon be brought over ; 
and therefore the Committee hoped that the Houie would 
not hurry an Affair of fo gjreat Importance.' Mr Stanhope urg- 
baz how heavy an Imputation of ib heinous a Nature lies upon a 
Kun who knows himfelf to be entirely iimocent, which, he (aid, 
was his Cafe ; and renewing his InAances for .examining into it ; 
the 28th of Februaiy was appointed for that Purpofe. 

/V^. 28. The Commons lefum-d the farther Confideration SJcSSSS* 
of the Report from the Committee of Secrecy, fome Parts of ti»t Part wwch 
which relatii^ to Mr Charles Stanhope, were read ; after su^p^ ^ 
which, the Examination of Sir John Hunt, Mr Holditch, 
Mr Jacob Sawbridge, fen, Mr Henry Blunt, and others, be- 
fore the Committee of Secrecy, were feverally read, and they 
were feverally call'd in and examin'd, as were alfo Mr Elias 
Turner, and others. The Charge againfl Mr Stanhope con- 
fined of two Articles, I. That 10,000 1. South-Sea Stodc 
wz$ taken in for his Benefit, by Mr Knight, without any 
valuable Confideration ; and that the Difference arifing by the 
advanced Price thereof was paid him out of the Caih of the 
South-Sea Company. II. That Turner and Company ha4 
bought 50,000 1. Stock at^a low Price of the South-Sea Com- 
pany, in the Name and for the Benefit of Mr Stanhope, th^ 
|)ilferen$:e of the advanc'd Price whereof, amounting to 
250,000 1. had been paid to the faid Mr Stanhope, by Sir 
^George Cafwall and Company. To prove thefe Articles, the Se^ 
cict Committee caus'dthe Examinations before-mention'd, and 
tht Pcrfons above-nam'd, to be examin'd ; but fome of the latte^r 
radier weakened than corroborated their former Depofitions $ 
Sir John Blunt, in particular, own'd, as to the firH Article, that 
Mr Knight had fhew'd him a Letter, which he told him wa§ 
^'d by Mr Stanhope, defiring him to take i o,oool. Stock for 
hira ; but that he did not know whether that Letter was ge- 
mone, nor what was become of it ; And as for the c 0,000 1.. 
Slock transferr'd to the Sword-Blade Company in Mr Stan- 
hapt^s Name, Mr Sawbridge and Mr Turner had the Modefly 
9Dd Good-Nature to take the wholeCharge upon themfelves, 
G g 2 and 

* X#tf Chamilior rf*^* Excbemer, 

f Then wi of the Secretaries ojthi Tu^Jnry^ nft^vmrds made Trtrfitrf^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( »J6 ) 
AM9 J, <ho. I. and own*d that they had made Ufe of ^r Stanhope^s Name, 
^JZJJ^Ji. without his Priwty or Confent. Thefe Examinations, togc- 
^^^>r^>^ ^jjgj. y^^ ^ Animadverfions of the Members of th^ Secret 
Committee thereupon. Tailed 'till eight in the Evening, after 
which Mr Stanhope was heard in his Place* As to the firH 
Article, he (aid, * That for fome Years paft he had lodgM all 
the Money he was Mailer of in Mr ICnight's Hands, and 
whatever Stock Mr Knight haa taken in for him, he had paid 
a valuable Confideration for it : And as to the fecond, that 
he could not anfwer for what had been doiie without his 
Confent.' When he was withdrawn, a Motion being nude, 
and the Quellion being put, that it appea!-s to this Houfe, 
that during the Time that the Propofal made by the South- 
Sea Company, and the Bill relating thereto, were depending 
in this Houfe, 10,000 1. Stock was taken in, or held by Mr 
Knight, late Calhier of the faid Company, for the Benefit of 
Charles Stanhope, Efq; a Member of this Houfe, without any 
valuable Confideration paid, or Seturity given for the Acc^ 
tancc o'f, or Payment for the faid Stock ; and that the In- 
ference ariiing by the advanc'd Price thereof was paid to die 
faid Charles Stanhope, Efq; out of the Cafh of the South-Sea 
' ^ Company, it was cany'd in the Negative by a Majority only 
of three Voices, viz. 1 80 againll 177. 
^H<mf?ctofi- March ^. The Houfe refum'd the Confideration of the 
clnmitit^TtLe- Report from the Secret Committee, and that Part of the 
jgt^utingtoMr faid Report which related to Mr Aiflabie, Member for Ri- 
pon, was read ; the Reading whereof, and the Examination 
of proper Evidences lafted till nine in the Evening : After 
which Mr Aiflabie made a Speech in his own Defence. But 
what was depofed againll him by Mr Hawes, one of the 'D'l-^ 
rcdors, viz, * That he had caufed the Book of Accounts 
between them to be burnt, and given him a Difcharge for 
the Balance amounting to about 842,000!. appear^ fo 
ibong, and fo home a Proof, that after he was withdrawn, 
the Houfe came to twelve feveral Refblutions againll him, the 
Particulars of which may be found in the FO TE S as above, 
It may ncverthelefs be proper to recite two of them, viz. 
I. That the laid John Aiflabie, Efq; has encouraged and pro- 
moted the dangerous and deftru^ive Execution of .the late 
South-Sea Scheme, with a View to his own exorbitant Profit ; 
and has combined with the late Dire6lors of the South-Sea 
Company in their pernicious Pradlices, to the Detriment of 
great Numbers of his Majefty's Subjedb, and the Ruin of the 
AiiiaWe publick Credit and the Trade of this Kingdom. And, II. 
pcii'dthcHjuie, That he be for his faid Offences expdl'd the Houfe. Then 
SrVrS^S'S? ^i was ordered, that the faid Jphn Aiflabie, Efq; be commit- 
Tftwcr. ted Prifoner tp his Majelly's Tower of London j and that 

Mr Speaker do IflUe his Wairan^ accordingly. 

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' C 2J7 ) 
Tiie farther Proceedings againfl Mr AHIabie in tlut AffiuTi *»aoj, Ge«.L 
will appear in the Sequel. <J^^y/^^^'^ 

March lo. The Houfe took into ConfidenitiQn the Cafe of sirceorgccaiwau 
Sir George CafwaU, in the Affair of the South-Sea Onnpany ; S'^^itSiMJ 
after the Examination of which they jnade ieveral Refolutions SIac** ^^JwT* 
againft him ; the Subihnce of which was, * That he had been beinec^?ern*<L«i 
^lilty of corrppt, infamous, and dangerouis Pradices, highly '** *' ** *^^"•• 
lefle^ixig on the Honour and Juftice of Parliament, and de- 
ftra^ive to the Intereft of his Majefty's Government ; ' That 
ht be, for his {aid Offence, expell'd the Houfe ; And be com- 
mitted Prifoner to his Majefty's Tower of London ; and that 
Mr Speaker do iiTue his accordingly. 

March 15. The Commons proceeded in the adjoum'd Con* The CommoM 
fidctation of that Part of the Kcport from the Committee of ^^f^jtl^^ 
Secrecy which related to the Earl of Sunderland ; and the fc- ^ secret com- 
veral Examinations of Sir John Hunt, Mr Edward Gibbon, ^* iTtS^V 
Mr Charles Joye, James Crag^, Efq; Mr Richard Holditch, «««*"^- 
Mr John Webfter, Mr Robert Surman, Sir Lambert Black- 
well, Mr Francis Hawes, Mr William Affel, Sir John Fel- 
bws, and Sir Theodore Janffen, taken before the ^d Com- 
mittee, were read ; and afterwards, Mr Joye, Mr Gibbon, 
Mr Chefter, Mr Holditch, and Mr Surman, were feverally 
caD'd in, and examined. 

Then a Motion was made, that it appears to th^ Houfe, 
that, after the Propofals of the South-Sea Company were ac- 
cepted by the Houie, and a Bill ordered to be brought in 
thereupon ; and before fuch Bill pais'd, 50,000 1, of the C^pii^l 
Stock of the South-Sea Comany was taken in by Robert 
Kn^ht, late CaOiier of the faid Company, for the Ufe and 
rxjpon iht Account of Charles Earl of Sunderland, a, Lord of 
Parliament, and firft Commiflioner of the Treafuiy, without 
any valuable Confideration paid, or fufRcient Security given, 
for Payment for, or Acceptance of the fame. 

l|This Motion occafion'd a warm Debate, that lafled till near Debate diercon. 
elg^t at Night, but the Queftion being put thereupon, it was 
cany'd in the Negative, by a Majority of 233 Votes againft 
172 : Which, however, occalion'd various Reflexions, 

March 1 7. The Order gf the Day being read, for the 
Houfe to take into farther Confideration the Report from the 
Committee of Secrecy, Mr Hutchefon reprefented, * That ^^ Hatchdbn 
it was impoffible to proceed in fo important an Afeir, without mc^ for an Ad- 
expftfing the Juftice of Parliiunent to be baffled, as it hod been tojmow w^l^ 
in fame kte Inftances, fo long ^is they wanted fo material a J^^hSSTewilST 
Witnefe as Mr Knight : \ And therefore he mov'd, and, te- «^^ ^ Mr 
ing fecondcd, it was refolv'd, Nem. Con, that an Addrefs be ^**^'* 
pdentied to his Majeity, to defire that he would be pleas'd to 
mqjart to^ this Houfe, the Advices his Majefty has received, 
or Ihall receive, fpm Abroad, concerning his Endeavours to 


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( 1S8 ) ^ 

^j.e^t i^g ot«r Rob«t Knight, late Cafhier of die SoulK-Sea 
^^ST^i^y Comj^Yf to anfwcr to die Juflice of the Kingdm : Whkk 
Addms was ordered to be jvefented by fiich Members of the 
Honie as were of the Privy-CounciL 

It was by many conjedcur'd» that the Rcmora diat bk¥ii?d 
Mr Knight's coming over, was rather in London than at 
Vieniia or BrofTels. 
Mri4eti»ie« by MoTch 20. Mr Mcthccn acquainted the Houie, that their 
^J?£I bX« Addrcfe, relating t» Mr Knight, having been prcfented ta th( 
u<SS«iSSi ^^"^ W» Maidly had commanded him to lay before the 
tkatAAur. Honfe, feveral Letters and Papers containing Advices fiom 
Flanders concerning him, and^ at the fame Time, to acquaint 
the Hottfe, that his Majefty hsA not received any Advice of 
Cdonel Churchill's being g(^ to Vienna, nor any Letter 6oai 
thence rdating to Mr luiight i that as foon as aay {bonk! 
come to his Maj^, they ihould be laid before the Hoofe ; 
Hereupon feveral Letters from Mr Leathes^ his M^edy^a He- 
£dent at Bruflels^ to the Secretary of State, were read, im- 
porting in Sttbftanoe. * That purfuant to his Orders he had 
made the moft preiBng Infbnces with the Marque^ de Piie, 
for the delivering up of Mr Knight : fiat had been aniwer'd 
that the (aid Marc^iels had not recdv^d any Inftrudkxis fitm 
Vienna about that Matter ; that, in the mean Time, he was 
apprehenfive that the fiime would meet widi great Difficoltief. 
That die Greffier, or Secretary, of the States of Braban^ 
had been t\^ce with the faid Marquefs, to repreient to him» 
that according to one of the Articles of the joyfkl Entry <rf 
Brabant, which was granted them by the Emperor Oiarles V. 
and has been fwom to by all his Succeilbrs, and which lliey 
look upon as their MiiT^ff/r C^^TT/^, no Perfan charged with, 
or apprehended for any Crime, can be renK>v'd to be tiy*d out 
of their Province ; and that the Deputies of the States in- 
Med upon that Article, of which the Refident had cndos'd a 
Copy in French, which was alfo read in the Houfe. ^ 

Moil of the Members appeared furpiz'd at the unexpefled 
Difficulties about the ddiverjng up of Mr Knight, which was 
fhuted, in the Name of the Stat^ of Brabant ; and Lord 
LordMoicfworth's Molcfworth faid thereupcm : * That 'twa$ to be hop'd, diey 
pUkuTtfes^ed^ fhould have a more fadsBifloiy Anfwer fh»n Vienna, than 
SlSSigS.^ th«y had fit)m Bruffels : But if they had not, it i^tquM, is his 
Camion, be proper to call for the Treaties lately entered into 
with the Houfe of Aufbia, to know upon what Motives we 
have been at fo great an Expence of Blood and Treafure, and 
^ have fent our Men of War to rot and be wonn-eaten xbL ^ 
Mediterranean, to conquer Kingdoms for the £n^}eror \ * h^^ 
ding, * That if that pretended Privily of the States of 
Brabant, Ihould be infifted*upon, they might remofs that Ob- 
itade^ by addreffing his Maje^ to grant his Paidon to Mr 

. Knigh^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

• ( 239 ). 
Kiug^y m Order to have him brought ever: But that it was 
proper not to make any ^rther Step in that ASm, tXi they 
ivere acquainted with die Succe^ of Colonel Chur(^*i Ne- 
gotiation at Vienna.^ ' 

March 22. Mr Methuen acquamted die Hotife» Hiat his 
Majefhr haviiw;, the Day before, rcociv'd a Letter 60m Cb- 
lonel ChinchiU, direded to the Lord Vifooant Tdwnflientf » ^ 

dated Vienna t]K 4th of March, 1 720-21, 'had comfiuii^d 
him, porfuant to the Addrefs of the Houie, to lay a Copy 
thereof before the Houfe ; which he prefented to die Hoiife 
accordingly. The Cc^y of that Letter was thereupba read, 
importing in Subftance, tha^ he was juft arrived at Vienna, 
and would not lofe one Moment, in xtisdng the nioft prcffing 
Inflances to the Imperial Court, for die ddiveking up Mr 
Knight ; and that he did not doubt Succefs, unlefe the Pri- 
vileges of the States of Brabant interfcr'd : Sevttal &utft 
Refiedtions were made by Lord Molefworfh, upon the firi- 
volous Pretence that was made ufe of, to baffle his Majtfl^s ' 
Endeavours to bring over Mr Knight : But the Ho«ifc did 
not think fit to come to any Refblndoii thereupcm. The 
^mc Evening Colonel Churchill arriv'd from Vienna, which 
occafion*d an univerlal Surprize. 

The Commons having attended the King in the Houie of 
Lords, his Maje% gave the Royal AfTent to an Aa, 7# tnMe '^Z^l^^u^ 
the S^9Ufh'Sea Company to ingraft Part of their Capita/ ^toek gmfUagmii, &^.. 
HftdFund into the Stock and Fund of the Bank of Ei^Umd^ 
and another Fart thereof into the Stock and Fund of the Eaft- 
India Company y and for giving farther Tiine ftfr Payment to 
be made hy the South-Sea Company to the Ufe of the Puhiich 

March 24. The Bill, For preventing the infamous PraSice The stock-iobbJng 
of Stockjobbing, was oider'd to b? engrofsM. ^" •^"S'^^''** 

Colonel ChurcJhill being come into the Houie, it was ex- 
pe6kd that an Account of his Negotiations would, this Day, 
have been laid before the Commons : But they were only 
given to underftand, that as foon as the Di^atches he broi^t 
nom Vienna could be tranflated, they ihould be hud before 
the Houfe, who thereupon adjoum*d 'tiU the 27th. 

March 27. Mr Medraen acquainted the Houfe, tlat his ^]^J^if**ot°" 
Majeflyhad commanded him to lay before them Copies of be«sd0Um«d«p. 
feveral Letters and Papers relating to Mr Knight, which he 
prefented to die Houfe accordingly, with a Schedule ai them. 
The Copies of the faid Letters were read, and among them 
a Letter from the Emperor to the King oi Great BHtain, ^c- 
prtiBng his Imperial Majefly^s IncHnadon and Reediners to 
comply with his Britannick Majefly's Defires, as to the de- 
livering up Mr Knight ; but that the States of Brabant having 
aiul cbiming particular Privil^es, which his Imperial Ma- 
jefty wa$ enjag'd to maintain, itiwuld benecefSay^tomake 


! ^ . , Digitized by VaOOgle 

Mr Htttcbcfon. 

Sir J. Jckjrll. 

Sir IL Steele^ 


( 240 ) 

Af^icadon to the iaid States ; and his Imperial Maje%^, oe 
, his Fart, would not fail to fupport fuch In&uices as Hiould k 
made. To which ££Fe6t Prince Eugene wrote a Letter to 
the Marquiis de Prie, which was aHo read.- Several finait 
Refledions were made, by Lord Mcdefworth, on the former 
of thofe two Letters : But this Afiair being equally nice and 
important, it was refoIv*d to take into Confideration the feve- 
ral Letters and P^rs relating to Mr Knight, which his Ma- 
jeity had communicated to the Houfe, in a grand Committee 
on the 29th. ^ 

March 29. The Commons in a grand Cbmmittee, took 
into Confideration the feveral Letters and Papers, laid hdoxt 
them, relating to Mr Knight. After the reading of fbme of 
thofe Papers, Mr Hutche&i open'd the Debate, reprefenting, 
* How n^uch, on the one Hand, the Publick was concero'd, 
in having the Authors of the prefent Diftrefs fiilly difcoverM 
and brought to condigii Punifhment; and how impra^- 
caUe it was, on the other Hand, to proceed in this impor- 
tant Inquiry, fo long as the principal Agent of the late South- 
Sea Directors, and their Accomplices, was kept out of the 
Way ; that in the mean Time, the publick Calamity oj- 
creafing every Day, the Nation call'd aloud for Juftice : And 
tlierefore, if i^ Means already us'd fi)r bringing over Mr 
Km'ght, prov'd abortive, it were advifaUe to have Reoourfe 
to more fpeedy and efFedual Methods.* Sir Jofeph JekyD, 
and the Lord Molefworth, ftrongly fupported Mr Hutchefoa, 
and in particular, fhew*d, * That it was incumbent on fome 
Perf(»is in the Adminiftration to have Mr Knight brought 
over in order fuDy to clear their own Innocence ; othcrwne, 
tho* acquitted, they would flill be look'd upon as criminal' 
Ur^ng, * That il was matter of Wonder, that fo frivolous a 
Pretence, as the Privileges of the States of firabant, (bould 
be made Ufe ^ to put a Stop to fo important an Inquiry, 
efpecially confidering how little thofe Privileges had beoi re- 
garded in more material Points 1 and what Obligations the 
Houfe of Auftria lay under to the Britiih Nation.* Sir Ridi- 
ard Steele ofFer'd fomething againft obliging Mr Knight to 
be an Evidence, whether hd would or no : But no great 
Strefs was laid upon it. On the other Hand, Mr Lechmere 
reprefented, * That in all Probability the Court of Vienna 
had not, at firfl, fully confider*d the Importance of the In- 
fiances that were njade to them in his Majefty's Name, aad 
at the Defire of the Commons of Great Britain : But that 
it was to be prefumM that when fo wife a Prince, as the pre- 
fent Emperor, fhould be appriz'd, that the Welfere and 
Safety of England, to whom his Imperial Majefly has h 
great Obligations, depended, in fdmc Meafure, on the de- 
Hveiing up of Mr Knight, he would readily comply with 


• . Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( 241 ) 

their Deiires : ' Hereupon Mr Lechmerc inov*d, * Tliat an 
humble Addrefs be preiented to his Majefty, returning the 
Thanks of this Houfe for the Inflances he lias been pleased to m^ Lechmere 
make, by a Letter under his Royal Hand to his Imperial Ma- LTefe^S^o 
jcfty, for obtaining the delivering up of Mr Knight, purfuant {^5!^'!^'*' 
to the Addrefs of this Houfe ; and for communicating to this ' 

Houie, the Steps which have been taken relating thereto: 
And to reprefent to his Majefty, the DiiTatis&dtion which his 
CcMnmons have at the Obilades which they find have been 
laisM, under the Pretence of the Privileges of the States of 
Brabant, againfl a Compliance with his gracious Endeavours : 
And alfo to reprefent, that this Houfe i^ every Day more 
and more convinced of the high Importance it is to the Jullice 
due to his Majefly's People, that eiteduai Meafures be fpee- 
dily taken for bringing over Mr Knight : And eamejtiy to be-* 
ieech his Majefty, to imploy his moil prefling Endeavours, in 
fuch Manner, as in his great Wifdom fhall be thought proper, 
for attaining the juH Deiire of his Conunon3/ 

No Body offered to c^pofe this Motion, which, after Mr 
Speaker had refum'd the Chair, Mr Broderick reported to the 
Houfe ; and the fame being agreed to Nem. Con, it was re- 
folv'd. That the faid Refolution be laid before his Majefty 
by the whdh Houfe. 

March 30. The Commons, to the Number of above three wwch js^rted 
hundred, with their Speaker, went to St James*s, and pre- ' ^ ^ 
fented the faid Refolution to the King ; to which his Majeily 
letum'd the following Aniwer. 

** "T Am very well pleas'd, that the InftanCes which I have The King's Aafwcr 
« X wade for obtaining the delivering up of Mr Knight, ^^'^*^^' 
" have given you SatisYadion ; I Ihall continue to imploy my 
<< utmoft Endeavours for obtaining what you defo-e, and hope 
" they will prove effcdual. 

Jpril 19. The Bill for the Relief of the urfuippy Sufferers TheS. s. su/rerei* 
in the South-Sea Company, was read a fecond Time and com- ^^^^^"^^ 
mitted to a Committee of the whole Houfe. 

Jpril 29. Mr Shippen Hood up, and took Notice, ^ That Mr shippen moves 
the Houfe had iatc a fong while, and nothing had yet been SHSey'Si 
done towards the reftormg of Publick Credit : That, indeed, JS^iS&t&J. 
a Member of great Parts and Abilities had, at firft, propofed of MbUckMoncyJ 
a Scheme for that Purpofe ; but that, inftead of proving an Sc Fuu^f ^^^^'^ "* 
eSe^bal Remedy, it appeared at lail tp be a meer Palliative, 
which had rather inflam'd than alleviated the Diitempen 
That by this Time, a whole injur'd Nation call'd aloud for 
Vengeance 5 and if they negle&ed to hear the Voic^ of the 
People, it would look as if they had a Mind to provoke 

Vol. L H h them 

Digitized by ^OOQIC 

Sir W. Wyndham 
moves for an Ac< 
count of the War- 
rantB, on which 
the CommiiSoners 
of I>ebts due to 
the Armyhave 
UTued Certificates. 

Debate on the 
above Motions. 

Mr lechisere. 

( H* ) 
them to do themfelves Juftice. That it was ever his Opimon, 
that the only efieAoal Means to reftore Credit^ was to call 
thofe to a ftn£t Account^ who had ruin'd it ; and, in paiti- 
cnlai-y all foch as had apply'd any Part of the Publick Money, 
introfted in their Hands, in Stock-jobbing, and had raisM 
vaft Fortunes by robbing the Publick.' And fo he mov'd. 
That it be an Inftrudtion to the Committee of Secrecy, that 
ihcy inquire what publick Money had been empioy'd by any 
Treafxirer, Cafhier, CoUedior, Receiver, or other Officer con- 
cera'd in the Receipt or Payment of the puHick Money, or 
of any other Fart of his Majefty's Revenue, or by amr in 
Truft for them, pr by their Order, in bt^dng Stock or Sub- 
fcriptions in the South-Sea, orsany other Company, or in An- 
nuities, or other Parliamentary Securities, or otherwise mak- 
ing Vk of or im^oying the fame, to dieir private Advan- 
tage fince the firft Day of December, 1719. 

Sir William Wyndham (econded this Motion ; adding with- 
al, * That there was Reafon to ajpprchend, (hat the Pnblidc Mo- 
ney had not been adminiftred with due Ocamomy, particolarfy 
in Relation to fome Foreign Troops, Aat were in the Pay m 
England and Holland during the 1^ War, to whom jgreat 
Sums had of late been allowed, on Account of pretendedTAr- 
rears, after they had ieparated ^m the En^ifh General! And 
therefore he ^ov'd, * That the late Commiffioners zppomticd 
to examine, fiate, and determine the Debts due to the Army, 
and to examine and ftate the Demands of feveral Fordgn Prin- 
ces and States, for Subfidies during the late War, be Qrder*d 
to lay bef(»« die Houfe Copies of the feveral Warrants and 
Sign-Manuals, by Virtue of which they iflued any Gerdfi- 

Hereupon Mr R. Walpole ♦ faid, * That he wondered to hear 
of fuch a Motion, when a litde after the King^s coming to the 
Crown, an AA of Pariiament had been made for I^yment of 
thofe Arrears ; and that the Commiffioners of Accounts had, 
undoubtedly, a^ed according^ to the Intent and Meanin|; d 
that Adt.' To this Mr Lechmere replied, ^ That Ke was not 
againfl the Modon that Sir William Wyndham had made, 
neither on the other Hand, was he about to jufUfy it : B<|t he 
would freely tell the Gentleman [meaning MrR. WalpcieX who 
oppos'd it, * That while the Nadon was under the P^'efiSfe of 
heavy Debts, he muft expert that many fuch Motions wQi^ 
be made, in order to £nd out Methods to eafe die Pid^jck 
Burden. That as that Gendeman was now m a hig^I^ift 
than formerly, fo a great deal more was expeded from hon ; 
the rather becaufo the Scheme which he had pitqposM at die 


• MaJk Tvcfi Cmn^ner (fthe Tmfury^ dmcdhf^ ^ Ikdir-Trm* 
firtr ^ Hit Exebe^tTg J$ril «• I'^zi* 

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( 243 ) 
legmning of this Scffion for the railii^ die Stocks, and ncftor- ABW7^Geo.i. 
1^ imblick Credit, had not had the definxlEfiea.* MrR.Wal- ^.^^V^h^ 
M>le ctpliedy 'That it was known to every Body, that he ever mtr. waipoit. 
vas a£^infl: the South-Sea Scheme, and had done all that in 
lis Power lay, to hinder its taJdng Place : But now the Mif- 
::hief was done, and Things were brought to foch Extrenu^ 
ies, he thought it his Duty, and therefore was willing to try 
^e beil Method he could thbk of, to extricate the Nation out 
of the Difficulties into which they were plung*d : That he 
did not pretend to work Miracles ; bat oidy to ufo his utmoft 
Endeavours towards retrieving the late Misfortunes : That with 
dushcHieft Intention he had promoted a Scheme which had been 
laid before him, and q>pear'd the moft plaufible of any then 
proposed* for reflorii^ publkk Credit : That it coukl not be 
deny*d, that while that Scheme was puHu'd, it had donefome 
Good, and kept up the Price of Stocks i and that they Ml 
fince it had beien laid afide : That, howev^, he never in* 
tended to raife Stocks above the intiiniick Value, for that 
Would bring us ag^ into die (ame unhiqppy Circumftances 
which the liaifing of them had before occafionM.* He after* 
wards lamented the ill Difjpofit;ion of fpme Perfons, who, in- 
Head of concurring with others in remedying the prefent Di* 
ilempeis, us*d ail poffiUe Means to irritate and exafperatls the 
Miads of the Veoj^ : And concluded with a Motion, ' That a 
^Day be appointed to consider of the State of the Pubtick Cre- 
dit of the Kingdom.* This Motion was unanimoufly agreed 
to, and that Day Seven-Nieht ^>pointedfor thatPuipc^; after 
two Orders had been made according to the two before-mcn- 
tk>ned Motions of Mr Shippen and Sir William Wyndham. 

April %o. The Commons proceeded to take into Confident- The9omnw>M__ 

» i' J* T* /•tVk tf*fynt • ^ r> confidcr the Secret 

tion tium. Parts of the Reports <a the Committee of Secrecy cominittee*8iie- 
as related to James Oaggs, Efq$ deceased, kte Poft-Maf^t-Ge- E^c^^ie^ 
n^td, whidi having been read, Mr Bioderick, Member for ^^^^^ thcrcoa. 
Sct^ddmdge, movM, ' That the faid Mr Craggy havii^ taken MrBroderkk. 
40,000 L South-Sea Stock without paying for it, or ^vii^ 
fa^ent Secority for the Payment of the fame, his Mats 
n^^t be made liable to the iiune Forfeitures widi thofe of die 
laSe DtcBUxs: Hereupon Mr Grey Neville defir'd, < That MrNerOte. 
the Gendemen concerned in this A£fair, two of whom were 
MeiAbers of the Houfe, might firft be heard by their Counfd, 
and ptxliice what WitnelFes they had, before the Houfe came 
to any Refohdon in this Matter.' Mr R^b»t Walpole fe- lifc a. Wtipoie. 
(toiided him> and, in pputicular, faid, * He hoped the Houfe 
would not break their known Rules, which were, not to con- 
dcnmany one without firft hearing themi and fore they would 
Il0tdeii}r this Piece of Juftice to thar own Members.* MrH^ra* 

H h a tio 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

Mr H. Walpolc. 

Sir J. JekyU. 
Mr R. Walpok. 

Mr Ledunere. 

The Commons re- 
folve, that the £- 

fen. be applied to 
the Relief of the 
Suflferers by the 

( 244^ ) 

tio Walpde * fycke to the fame Purpofe ; and then Mr Trc- 
fbfis. Member for Penryn, flood up, and faid, • That neither 
he nor Mr Newfham were at all prepared, not expeding that 
this Affair would have come on this Day, becaufe there was 
another Part in the Report before it, and therefore he defir'd 
the Houfe would give them Time to get their WitnefTes : * Et 
added, * He had never been ufed to (peak in the Houfe, ot 
but very rarely, and his Brother-in-Law, Mr Newfham, Mem- 
ber for Lefhvithiel, not at all, which he hoped the Houfe 
would take into Confideradon, and allow them Counfel to 
fpeak for them : That by Mr Craggs's Death, his filiate was 
devolv'd to them and Mr Elliot, in Right of their Wives, the 
Dcceafed's three Daughters : That there was no Manner of 
Crime laid to their Charge ; and fince Mr Cfagg^ was dead, 
and could not anfwer for himfelf, he hoped the Houfe would 
all<9w them Time and Counfel.' This was oppos'd by Sir Jo- 
fcph Jdli^ll ; but Mr Robert Walpole faid, * That fince the 
two Gentlemen concem'd had not been us'd to fpeak in the 
Houfe, and therefore were not likely to make fo good a De- 
fence as otherwife they might, he thought it reafonable to al- 
low them Counfel, and give them Time to prepare/ To this 
Mr Lechmere re^y'd, * That it might, indeed, feem fome- 
what hard to deny Counfel to Gentlemen who were not us'd 
to fpeak in the Houfe ; but he doubted not but that good-na- 
tar*d Gentleman that fpoke lafl, who had fo good a Capacity, 
and was fo able to advife them, would fit by them, and by his 
Afliflance be as ufeful to then), as if they had Counfel, as he 
had been to feveral others in the like Cafe/ No Return was 
made to this Rej^y, upon which the MoticMi for allowing 
Counfel was dropt. 

May I. The Order of the Day for taking into Confidera- 
tion thofe Parts of the Reports from the Committee of Secrecy, 
which related to Mr James Craggs, deceased, late Poffanafter* 
General, being read, and feveral Evidences being esxamined, 
the Houfe, among other Refolutions relating thereto, came 
to the following, viz. I. That the faid James Crag^ was a 
notorious Accomplice and Confederate with Robert Knight 
and fome of the lat^ Diredors of the South-^ea Company, in 
carrying on their corrupt and fcandalous Praiflices ; and did, 
by his wicked Influence, and for his own exorbitant Gain, pro- 
mote and encourage the pernicious Execution of the late South- 
Sea Scheme. And U. That all the Eflate real and perfbnal, 
of which the faid James Craggs was feiz'd or pofTefs'd ihan 
and after the ifl Day of December, 1719, (oyeir and above 
what he flood feiis'd or pofTefs'd of on the 4id ift Day of De- 


* Made we of the Secretanei U tH Treafiefy iittwg ibis &tjf»m. 

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( HS ) 
cember) be applj'd for and towards the Relief of the unhappy 
Sufierers in the South-Sea Company. 4 

M^iy 6. Mr Methuen, by the King's Command, laid before MrM^venim 
the Houfe Copies of (everal Letters and Papers rdatihg to Mr ^^^u^l^ 
Knight, which were read -, particularly, a Letter from Mr J^g ^ *^ 
I-jeatheSy the Britifli Keiident at Bru£fels, containing an Ac- 
count of the Excufes and Pretences made ufe of to elude his 
Inftances for the delivering up of the faid Mr Knight. Thofc uehatethewofc 
Hxcufes were thought fo frivolous, that a Motion was made 
for prohibiting the Importation of all Commodities of the 
Growth and Manufedure of the Auftrian Netherlands, parti- 
cularly Lace and Lawn, till fuch time as Mr Knight had been 
dehver'd up and fent over : But it was thought more proper, 
that a Cbmmittee be appointed to conilder of the State of the 
Trade between this Kingdom and the Auftrian Netherlands, 
and to report the fame, as it ihould appear to them, to the 
Houfe ; which Committee was appointed. Then a Motion Motion in farow 
was made, that it might be an Intaidlion to the grand Com- ^M^^*'***^ 
mittee on the Bill, For the Relief of the unhappy Suffer en^ "^'*^ 
&c. that they ihould receive a Claufe, that the paternal Eflate 
of Mr Aiilabie might not be liable to the fame Forfeitures with 
the other Part of his Efbte ; but tho** this Motion was fbong- 
ly fupported by three Members, yet it was rejedfced with ge- 
neral Indignation. 

May 8. General Rofs acquainted the Houfe, That that 
Morning, while he was at the Secret Committee, he received 
a Note, that a Gentleman was at the Door to fpeak with 
him, ard he went out, and found there Mr Vernon, Member 
for Whitchurch, who acquainted him, that he had fonoething 
to fay to him, which he defir'd might go no &rther; where- 
upon General Rofs told him, he hoped he had nothing to fey 
to him which might be improper for him to hear ; after whid^ 
Mr Vernon told him, there was a Difpofltion in the Houfe to 
be ^vourable to Mr Aiflabie, in the Bill upon which the 
Houfe was to be in a Committee that Day, and that it was 
in his Power to do him Service, and for the fame, Mr Aiflabie 
would make him any Acknowledgment, in any Manner he 
fhould think fit ; upon which General Rofs, i&om what he 
firft faid, concluding it was upon fome corrupt Matter, left MrTbo, vcmon 
him in a Paffion, and thought it his Duty to acquaint the wpcU'd the Houfe 
Committee of Secrecy therewith, and the faid Committee ^kati^'c^ 
thought it was proper to have the Matter laid before the it^^^^^"* 
Houfe. To this Mr Vernon was heard in his Place, and 
own'd die faid Words and Circumfhnces ; withal declaring, 
that he did not mention or intend any thing of Money, or 
^y odier corrupt Matter, and begg'd thePaidon of the Gen- 
tUanan, and of the Houfe, if he had committed any Offence, 
he faying the Wonte without any conupt Intention, and only 


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f h6 ) 
0^ account of Friendfhip, being nearly nelated to Mr AMk^ : 
And then Mr Vernon withdrew. Hereupon it i^^as rcfblv'i. 
That it appears to thisHouf^ that Thomas Venron, Elq; hath 
made a corrupt Application to General Rofs, and that he be 
cxpell'd this Houfe. It was alfe order'd. That the Thsuaks 
of this Houfe be given to General Rofs, for the JuiHce he 
had done to this Houfe and to his Countiy, in laying the 
Application made to him by Thomas Vernon, Efij; before 
this Houfe. And Mr Speaker gave him the Thanks of the 
Houfe accordingly. Atter this, the Commons, in a grancF 
Committee, made fome Prognefs in the Bill, For Relief of- 1^ 
% unhappy Sufferers in the SoutBSea Company^ Sec. and added 

Mr Afiabie's Name and Eftate. 

May 1 1 . A Petition of the Burgeffes of the Borou^ of 
Boralllon, in the County of Devon, was prefented to the 
Houfe and read ; complaining of an undue Eleffion and' Re- 
J*<^ft'«« Ad- turn for the faid Borough, wmch was ordered to be heard at 
torem^eMrEi&Ft the Bar of the Houfe on the 6th of June. 
tKSffi^ The Honourable Mr St John Broderick, Son of the Lonf 
?S^orLfahtei* ^^count Middleton, fianding Candidate for Boralflon, in 
fcringiaEieai- * the room of Mr. Carteret, lately made onSe of the Pofl-Ma- 
"^ flers General, Captain Philip Cavendifh * was fet up againft 

him, and tho' Mr Broderick poll'd moft of the old Legal 
Voters, yet the Portreeve, who was Mr Elfiot, one of the 
Conuniflioners of the Excife admitted to poll fbveral Per- 
fbns who had no Right at all ; and by that Means got a Ma- 
jority for, and retum'd Captain Cavendifh. The Petition 
above-mention'd having fet forth the whole Matter, General 
Rofs and Mr Sloper reprefented, ' That if the Conunifiioners 
of the Excife were fuil^i ed to make Pailiament-Menj Aey had 
a5 good let them fit in the Houfe. That it was Matter of 
Wonder, that when by an Aft of Parliament, the meaneft 
Officer in the Excife is not fuffer'd to meddle in Ele^ons, one 
of the Conmiiffioners fhould dare to' do it in fo notorious a 
Manner.* Hereupon it was mov'd to adih^y his Majefty to 
remcrve Mr Elliot, but it was thought proper to dpfer that 
Motion 'till after hearing the Merits of that fileftion. 
Adanfeordo'd May 1 8. It was.order'd, that the grand Committee <m die 
oo^or^^t ^ ^f *^'^ Rdiefofthe unhappy Sufferers, &c. have Power 
tors, &c.' of the to rcccive a Claufc for difaWing the late Sub-Govemor, J>e- 
SbMr5ffi^\" puty-Govemor, Dire£brs, Cafhier, Deputy-Cafhier, and Ac- 
SnfSUSS?^*' comptant of the South-Sea Company, anJ' ^fo John AiffeWe, 
ttcat Efq; to hold or enjoy any Office, or Place of Trofl or Pnaflt 

under his Majeffy, or to fit or vote in eidier Houfe of Pixr- 


* J^polnUd 'SreafKrer <f Grtemoicb'Sqffital in March i^io-si. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( H7 ) 
May. z$. In a grand Committee^ a £irdier Progrds w9» Annor. Geo.x 
made in the Bill, For the Relief rf the mhapfy St^erers in ^.^/^^^X^^ 
the Sojuh'Sea Company % and the chief Matter in Debate was. Debate concemjns 
whaA Allowance fhould be |?vcn to the late Dircaors out of ^jt^tolTs.! 
their Elates ? Mrloundcs proposed an eighth Part ; to which ^^^"^^ 
it was objeded. That it would be too much for fome who had 
the moft buUqr Eibtes, and confequently had been d&eotft io 
the Guilt i and too little for others that had but imall Eibtes^ 
and were (Hdy pa&vely cdmioal, by not entering their Diflent 
to the fraudumt Management of the left. 

May 25. The Commons, in a grand Committee on the 
South-Sea Suferers Bill, refum*d the C&nfideration of the Pe- 
titions of the late Diredors of the South-Sea Con^ony. The 
Debate began with Sir John Fellows, the Sub-Governor, in Debate concern. 
whofe Behalf Mr. Sloper mov'd, that fmce it did not appear J^^^'^^"^ 
that he had been fo adive in the late vile and pernicious Prao^* ^* 
tices as fbme others had, he might be allowed 20,000 1, out 
of iits Eiiate. Mr Hungerford reduced it to 15,000!. others MrHongerford. 
to 1 2,000 1. and Mr Robert Walpole having at lail propos*4 MriL.wii^e. 
10,000 1. the fame was agreed to without any Divifion. Mr 
Joyc, the Dcjnity-Govemor appearing to have been deeply ^^^^ ^^' 
CQQcemM in the Cuil^ it was agreed to allow him only 
jooo 1. 

Then the Ccnnmittee jaoceeded alphabetically to the Dir mt Afwi'iAiiow. 
re^rs, and it was unanimouily agreed to allow Mr. Afiell ^^ 
5000 1. 

A Ddate arifing, whether to allow Sir Lambert Blackwd] Debate concern- 
^000 L or 10,000 1. and he having many Friends in the ^cSr^I"**^ 
Houfe, it was, upon a Divifion, cany'd for 10,000 1, by 1 12 
Votes againU 108. 

After this, there was a long Debate about Sir John Blunt : Debate concern- 
Mr Laurence Carter mov'd to aUow him only one ShiHing ; ^S,{'^^'* 
Lord James Cavcndifh loool. and Mr Plummer 5000 1. Sir wjam-dvendHh 
Jofeph JeykU mov'd for 10,000 1. and was feconded by Ge- sirjofephjdcyiL 
nqslRois, Lord Mddworth, Mr Jefferies, and Mr Windforj Ld^M^i^Vonb. 
who all fpokc very warmly on his Behalf; alledging, that he J^j^JS 
had been more ing^uous in his Examination before the Secret 
Committee, than any of the late Dire£iors ; and had let them 
into a great many Secrets, which otherwife they could not 
have known. To this it was anfwerM, by Mr Sloper, Mr Mrsioper. 
Miner, Mr John Smith, and Mr Horatio Walpole, * That JSjI'a^th. 
he had been the chief Contriver and Promoter of all the Mif- ^' "• waipoie. 
chief, and the^ore ought to be moft feverely punifh'd.* Mr 
Sloper added, * That he was grown to that Height of Pride 
and Lifolence M Summer, that he could not give a civil An- 
fiver to Peribns iv above him. And thereupon inflanc'd in 
his Behaviour one Day at the Treafiuy, of which he was 
himfelf Witneisy when a Relation of a great Man aiking Sir 


Digitized by C^OOQIC 



Mr leflbp. 


1711?^ ^ J^^ ^^ * Subfcriptaoni the Upftart Knight, with a great 
dea! of Contempt, bid him go to his Coufin Walpole, aod 
deiire him to jfell his Stock in the Bank, and by that Means 
he might be fupply'd.* Hereupon Mr. Robert Walpolc fhew'd, 

* That Sir John Blunt was a Projedor of njiany Years {land- 
ing ; and had been the Author of feveral Madous Schemes, 
by which unwary People had been drawn in to their utter 
Ruin.' And to this Purpofe, inftanc*d a Projeft for a Linen 
Manufaftury; but Mr Horatio Walpole faid thereupon, 

* That was not his firft : For there was a Gentleman that ht 
next to him, '{meaning Mrjejfop^ whom Sir John had drawn 
into a Projeft for bringing Water to London from a great Di- 
ftance, which was to out-do the New-River Water, by which 
the Subfcribers loft all their Money, tho' Sir John himfelf got 
fbme Thoufands by it.' This was confirmed by Mr Je&p 

14. HiDchinghrokB himfelf; nevertheleis, the Lord Hinchii^broke mov'd for 
allowing Sir John Blunt 1 0,000 1. urging, * That the Secret 
Committee had promised hhn Favour for his Opennefi in his 
Examination : ' Upon which General Rofs dcfir'd, * That 
the noble Member who fpoke laft might explain himfelf, fince 
he feem'd to intimate, as if the Secret Committee had us*d 
imderhand Dealings. Adding, that for his Part he knew of 
no Promife ever.inade to Sir John Blunt upon that Account; 
that he was fure he never made any ; and he bdiev'd he ^ould 
anfwer for all the Reft, that there never was any fuch Thing 
intimated to Sir John.' The Lord Hinchingbroke reply '<C 
that if that honourable Member would repeat his Words as he 
Q)oke them, he would explain himfelf: Upon which the Mat- 
ter dropp'd. Then the Queftion being put for allowii^ Sir 
John Blunt 1000 1. it was carry'd in the Affirmative, by 138 
votes againft 94. 

June I . In a grand Conmiittee of the South-Sea Sufferers 
Bin, the Commons refum'd the Confideration of what Al- 
lowances fhould be given to the late Diredors out of their 
Eftates; and, continuing in the alphabetical Order, began 
wwfo^^h""* ^^* Sir Robert Chaplin. Lord Molefworth, and Sir John 
Sir* j^ ^fc8. ' Eyles, Member for Chippenham, having fpoke in his Favour, 
it was agreed, without dividing, to allow him 1 0,000 1. and 
Debate concern- the fame Allowance was given to Sir William Chapman, Mr 
Sld^Mt'^r, Chefter, and Mr Child. A Motion being made to give Mr 
JJf .9St."^**^ De la Porte the like Sum, the Lord Moldworth was for re- 
ducing it to 7000 1. but upon the Queftion, whether to allow 
him io,QOol. or 7000! it was carry'd for 1 0,000 1. by 
1 50 Votes againft 69. Mr Eyles's Cafe appearing in a &- 
vourable Light, he was allow'd 20,000 1. without dividii^ ; 
and Mr Edmondfon^s Eftate amounting^ to little more than 
5000 L it was mov'd to allow him the whole, and to leave him 
out of the Bill ; but after feme Debate^ it was agreed to al- 

Digitized by ^OOQIC 

Debate concem- 

De la Porte, 
td Molefworth. 


Bcbate concern- 
ing Mr Edmond. 

, ( 249 ) 

low iiim only jdoo 1. Then the Queftfcto was put, wliether Anno 7. cco.i. 
to allow Mr Gibbon ic,oooL or ip,oool.. and it was re- \Jir]^^^A 
folv'd for \he latter without dividing. It appearing that Mr olbate^dl^ 
Gore and Sir William Hammond had little or no Share in ^ oSr^^***"** 
the fraud6]ent Contrivances of the leading Direfbrs, the firll sirw.Hanumod. 
^^ras allowM 20,000 1. the other 10,000 4. It was proposed 
to give Mr Hawes 1000 1. But Sir Nathaniel Gould having Debate concern- 
obierv'd, that he was very active in the late vile Pradices, SfiJrth^Idi* 
and had occafion'd the Ruin of many People, particularly of 
fome Gentlemen he had been under in the Navy-Office, Mr Mri)oaninjc«mc 
Doeminicque mov'd thereupon, and it was agreed, without di- ' 

viding, to allow him only 3 1 1. bemg the odd Money of the 
Particulars of his £(late. Lord Hinchingbroke and Sir RoBert Debate concern. 
Rich ipoke in Favour of Mr Horfey, and mov'd for allowing ^ ^' »orfey, 
him 1 0,000 1. which was carry'd, without dividing.; after s^'SSJakllJ'**^ 
which it was debated, whether to allow Mr Holditch joo 1. jy^^,^ concem- 
loool. or 5000 1. the Voices were equally divided, viz. 86 »««MrHoi4iidu 
and 86, upon which *Mr Clayton, the Chairman, gave the 
calling Vote for 5000 1. 

yufie 2. The Commons, in a grand Conmiittee, proceeded Detate concern- 
orf the fame AiFair, and began with Sir Theodore Janflcn : i«ffSirT.jtnflen. 
Mr Horatio Walpole and Sir Richard Steele having {^kc in sfriu'sS^** 
his Favour, they were anfwer'd by General Rofs and Sir Jo- siTj. je*&ii, 
feph Jekyll; but Mr Trenchard moving for allowing him Mr-ncSwd. 
50,000 1. and the Queftion being put thereupon, it was car- 
ry'd in the Affirmative, by a Majority of 1 34 Votes againft 

Sir Jacob Jacobibn being one of thofe who had the leaft ?^ {*****"* 
Share in the Management of the fraudulent Scheme, Mr **"* 

Hungerford mov'd to allow him 1 1,000 1. which was all his 
Eftate, except 481 1. 4 s. which was agreed to without a 

Mr Ingram's Caie being much the like, Mr Pulteney mov*4 ?«*»*• concern- 
for allowing him i a^,ooo 1. near three fourths of his Eftate, "^* '' i^«a- 
and being feconded by Lord Hinchingbroke, it was carry'd 
without dividing. 

The next was Sir John Lambert : Some Members were in- P*^?* f^T^'i'^ 
clin'd to believe him innocent, as to the firft Projcaion of the 
villainous Scheme, and thereupon a Motion was made to give 
him 20,000 1. ibme would have reduced it to 10,000 1. fonie 
to 5000 1. and fome to 3000 1. But at lafl the QueiUon be- 
ing put for 5000 1. it was carry'd without dividing. 

Then it was mov'd, and carry'd without Oppofition, to Debate concern- 
albw Sir Harcourt Mailer ^000 1. and in the fame Manner S^^dMrMoriey.^^ 
Mr Motley had 1 800 1. allowed him. 

A Member having mov'd to allow Mr Page 1 0,000 1. ano- jJ^Mr^^c.™' 
ther would have reduc'd it to 5000 1. but the Queftion being 
Vol* L I i put. 

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Debate concern* 
ing CoL Raymoad. 

Mr Heyifaaiii. 
Mr TaAdL 
Sir R. RayoMMid. 

Debate concert 
ii^Ifr Rm4. 
Sir f. Ward. 

ing MrSawbridge. 
I^ord Maleiirortb. 
Sir Ad. Ooghton. 

Debate concern- 
and Mr 'Dtmer. 

Debate OB Mr Inr- 

Mr Crey NeviDc, 

Mr Moore. 
■h IwinferlonL 

Mr Lechnere. 

SirJ. lekyU. 
8er). Peneelly. 

Debate concern- 
iogMr Girigiby. 

( 250 ) 

^t, wkich of the two Sams fhoold be given ISin^ it was 
cany'd for 1 0,000 1. without a Divifion. 

Col. Raymond was next ; and his Cafe appearing &voar- 
able Mr Heyiham mov'd for allowii^ him 30,000!. and 
being feconded by Mr Taffiiel, Sir Robert Raymond, and 
Mr Hungerfofdy no Oppofition was made to Mr Heyfiiam's 

After this, MrSloper 9ovM for allowii^ Mr Read io,oooL 
and, being back*d fay Sir John Ward and Mr Docminicqney 
the lame was carry 'd without any Debate. 

In the like Manner the Sum of 14,000 1. was allo)¥*d to 
Mr Reynolds. 

ytme 3. Mr Hungerford having mov'd for allowii^ Mr 
Sawfandge 1 0,000 1. he was opposed by Mr Lowndes, Lord 
Molefwortby Sir Adolphus CX^hton, and Mr Horatio Wal- 
pole : But at laft, a Member moving for 5000 1. it was agreed 
to without dividing. Li the fame Manner the Sum of 1 5,oooL 
was allowed to Mr Tillard, and 800 1. to Mr Tunier, 
which was near his whole Efbte. 

Having gonrthroi^h with the Dire^ors, the Committee 
proceeded to Mr Surman, the Deputy Cafhier, whofe Cafe 
occafion'd a Debate of about an Hour and a half. Mr Grey 
Neville, who {poke moft in hfs Behalf, reprefented, * That 
in the Courfe of the whole A£^ir he had only a66ed as a 
Servant, and by the Conmiand either of Mr Knight, or of 
the Diise^rs, and therefore ilrenuouily infifted, that he 
might be left out of the Bill.* Mr Arthur Moore fpoke 
likewife in his Favour, and movM to allow him 30,000 L 
Mr Hungerford would have reduced it to 20,000 1. Mr 
Lechmeie to 1 2,000 1. another Member to 1 0,000 1 and 
another to 5000 1. All thefe were opposed by Sir Jofeph Je-» 
kyll, Serjeant Pengelly, and Mr Horatio Walpole, who 
would not have aUow'd him above 20 1. or 30 1. At laft, 
the (^eftion beii^ put for allowii^ him 5000 1. it was a- 
greed to without dividing. 

\ June 6. Upon hearing the Meri^ of the controverted 
£ledlk»i of Boralilon in Devonfhire, [See Page 246.] it was 
refolv'd, that Mr Broderick was duly elected. 

June \o. The Commons, in a Committee of the whole 
Houfe, confider'd farther of the South-Sea Suierers Bill, 
particularly with Relation to the Allowances to be given 
to Mr Grigfby. Mr Arthur Moore mov'd to allow him 
16,000 1. but another Member faid, ' That &ice that 
Upftart was once fo prodieally vain as to bid his Coachnaan 
feed his Horfes with Gxdd, nO doubt but he could feed on 
it himielf ; and therefore he mov'd, that he mig^t be al- 
lowed as much Gold as he could eat, and that the xtk of 
his Eftate might go towards the Relief of the Sufierers.' 


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( 2S> ) , 

After this a Motion being made for allowing him 2000 1, it 
was carried without a Divifion. 

Mr Aiflabie's Cafe cam6 next under Confideration. Mr 
Robert Walpdi mov'd, that fo much of his Eftate might be 
allowM him^ as he was pofTefsM of towards the End of th6 
Year 1719, before the South-Sea Bill was brought in, and 
this Motion wks back'd by Mr Erie, Sir Charles Hotham, 
Mr Lowndes, Mr Lechmere, Mr Ward, and Mr Palmer. 
On the other hand, Mr Freeman mov*d, that all he had 
got fince jthe Year 1714, might be confifcated and apply'd 
to the Ufe of the Publick ; and he was fupported by Sir 
Jo^h Jekyll, who urg'd * That it was in the Power of 
the Ix)rds of the Treafury to have prevented the Mifchief 
that had been done by the Diredors.* Mr Broderick, Mr 
Sloper, Sir William Wyndham, and fome others,' fpoke oh 
the fame Side, and the QuefUoil being put, that all the Efktfe 
which Mr Aiflabie was poiTefs^d of in the Year 1719, bb 
left for him and his Family ; the fame, upon a Divi^od, 
was carry'd in the Negative by a Majority of 1 8 Votes. 
Then another Motion was made, and the Queition put, f6r 
allowii^ him and his Family all the Eilate he was polTefs^d 
of on the 20th of Odiober 1 71 8, which was carry'd in the 
Affirmative by a Majority of 1 1 3 Voices ^gainfl 95. 

The following is the Balance of the Eftates of the late 
Sub-Governor, Deputy-Governor, Direftors, Deputy-Cafhier, 
and Accomptant, of the South-Sea Company, as delivered 
upon Oath to the Barons of the Exchequer ; together witli 
the Allowance made, by the Conmiittee, to each Perfon out 
of their refpeftive Eflates. 

Debate concern- 
ing Mr Aiflabie. 
Mr R. Walpole. 

Mr Erie. 
Sir C. Hotfaain. 
Mr Lowndet, 
Mr Lechmere. 
Mr Ward. 
Mr Palmer. 
Mr Freeman. 
Sir J. JekylU 


Mr Slmer. 

Sir W.lVyadhan 




/. /. d.q. 

/. sJd. 

Su* John Fellows, Sub- 


243096 CO 06 

loooo 00 


40105 02 00 

5000 00 


27750 19 08J 

5000 60 

Sir John Blunt 

183349 '^ ^^\ 

1000 00 

Sk Lambert Blackwell 

83529 17 II 

loooo 00 

Sir Robert Chaplin 

45875 H 05 

10000 00 

Sir WilUam Chajpman 

39161 06 o8i 

loooo bo 

Mr Chefter 

140372 15 06 

loooo 00 


52437 19 01 

loooo 00 

Mr De la Porte 

17151 04 06 

loooo 00 

Mr Eyles 

34329 16 07 

20000 00 

Mr Edmondibn 

5365 00 00 

3000 00 


106543 <'5 06 

10000 00 



i z 


Digitized by VjQOQI 


Mr Gore 

Mr Hawc$ 

Sir William H^mond 

Mr Horfcy 


Sir Theodore Janflcn 

Sir Jacob Jacobfon 

Mr Ingram 

Sir Jolm Lambert 

Sir Harcourt Mailer 

Mr Morley 

Mr Page 

Col. Raymond 


Mr Reynolds 

Mr Sawbridge 

Mr TiUard 

Mr Turner 

Mr Surman, Deputy- 

Mr John Grigfby, Ac- 




June 1 6. Mr Meth 
'lowing Meflage from his Majefly, viz. 

252 ) 




/. /. /f. 

/. s, d. 

38936 15 05 

20000 00 

40031 00 02 i 

31 00 2 

22707 04 02 

10000 00 

19962 05 03 

loooo 00 

39527 10 04 

5000 00 

24324403 II 

50000 00 

11481 04 00 

11000 00 

16795 00 00 

12000 00 

72508 01 05 

5000 00 

' 11814 12 031 

5000 00 

1869 10 03 

1800 00 

34817 12 03; 

1 0000 00 

64373 06 03 

30000 00 

117297 16 00 

10000 00 

18368 13 02:J 

14000 00 

77254 01 08 

5000 00 

19175 14 04 

15000 00 

881 17 06 

800 00 

121321 10 00 

5000 00 

31687 06 00 

aooa 00 

delivered to the Houfe the fW- 



tHMeflagcfor ** 

__^ uf- " J7X the Death of the late King of Sweden, to renew the 

fyingthc^ncrs n ahcicnt Alliances between this Kingdom and Sweden, and 

o> two Ships burnt ,,. n.ii» r*i ^ *>i*.i t 

on account of thei<< having ftipulated hy a Treaty to pay a Subady to that 
Piagac. ,, Ot)wri, hath ordcr'd that Treaty' to be laid before the 

** Houfe of Commons, and hopes, from their known Zeal 
'< and Affedion for the Proteflant Religion, and the true 
«* Intereft of their Country, that they will enable him to 
** make good the Engagements he has enterM^ into upon this 
** Occafion. 

' " His Majelly being informed that two Ships called fhe 
*^ Brifiol Merchant and Turkey Merchant^ now lying under 
•* Quarentiiic, did arrive from Cyprus, and other Parts of 
** Turky, infeded with the Plague, and have Cotton, Wool, 
^' and other Goods on Board which are dangerous to (jpread 
*' the Infedion; and conceiving it neceflary, for the Pre- 
^ fervation of the Health of his Subjeds, that the laid Ship 
^ zsiA their Ladings be burnt and defiroy'd, and that a re^i- 


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( ^J3 ) 
'* {onahlt Satis^faftion be given to the Owners, hath, by Ad- 
** vice of his Privy-Council, caus'd the Value thereof to be 
** computed by his Majefty's Officers, and order'd thofc 
** Computations to be laid before the Houfe of Commons, 
** that rrovifion may be made for Satisfying the fame. 

MoHof the Members, who expelled a Meflage of another 
Nature^ and that they were to be acquainted with the near 
Profpeft of ,a Peace in the North, were not a little furpriz'd 
at this Demand of a Subfidy for Sweden : Hereupon the 
Confideration of the faid MeiTage was put off" to the next 
Day ; and Mr Methuen having, with the faid' Meflage, de- 
li vcr'd the feveral Papers, with a Schedule of them, the, 
fame was read, -and it was order'd. That the faid Papers 
do lie on the Table, to be perus'd by the Members of the 

^Mfte 17. The Houfe proceeded to confider the King's 
Meiiage of the Day before, which was again read by Mr 
Speaker. The Copy of the Treaty between Great Britain and 
Sweden, January 21, 1719-20, and of its feparate Articles, 
were alfo read : And a Motion being made, * That 
a Supply be granted to his MajeOy, to make good the En- 
gagements he had enter'd into with the Crown of Sweden ; 
and to give a reafonable Satisfaftion to the Owners of the 
Ships caird, n^ Brijiol Merchant, and The Turkey Merchant, 
in cafe it were found neceifary for the Prefervation of the 
Health of his Majefly*s Subjeds, that the faid Ships and their 
Ladings ihould be burnt and defboyed.* This Motion occa- 
fion*d a long Debate. Mr Shippen, Sir William Wjnidham, ' Debate thereon. 
Sir Jofeph Jekyll, Lord Molefworth, and Mr Buder, Member Mr suppen. 
for Suffix, who were agamft the Motion, dcfir^d to know, 8^^)^^"^ 
' Whether we were to give 72,000 1. to Sweden, befides the 5;^'^^^'*'°'*^ 
maintaining a great Fleet with 6000 Seamen in theBaltick, 
which they thought a fufHcient Charge to the Nadon, with- 
out paying fo great a Subfidy ? Urging, * That before this 
laft Treaty with Sweden, there had been a Rupture between 
the two Nations; and Hoililides ^d great Depredations 
committed by the Swedifh Privateers on our Merchants ; fo 
that before any Subfidy be given to that Crown, Accounts 
ought firft to be ftated and fettled, and it might appear upon 
the Balance, that Sweden is indebted to us.' To this it was 
anfwerM, by Mr Robert Walpole, Mr Horado Walpole, Mr 
liechmere. Lord Barrington, and other Courtiers, * That the Mr r. waipoi<^ 
Subfidy allowed to Sweden by this laft Treaty, and the Squa- J£ L^dhmc^^'* 
d«m fent to their Afliftance, was no more than had been fti- ^^' Bani^iou. 
pulated by former Engagements ; but that the (aid Subfidy 
was not li|j;c to be demanded any more, the Preliminaries of 


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( «S4 ) 

Anno 7- Geo.i. the Pcace betwcen the Ctar of Mufcovy and the Crown 

i^^^Ji?*;..^^^ Sweden^ being in a manner fettled. Neither did the Kin 

^^^ defire any new Tax for it, the Land and Malt-Tax Ix 

Mr R. waipoie. ^% fuffideht to anfwer all this Year's Expcnces.* Mr R. Wa 

pde added, * That he was extremely glad, he could at th 

(ame Time acquaint the Houfe, that his Majefiy*s Endeavoui 

to procure a gsneral Peace had been fo fucqefsful, that an zi 

vantageous Treaty with Spain was actually agreed on ar 

fi^*d.' Hereupon the Motion for a Supply being carri( . 

without a Divifion, the next Queftion was, that the Houfe p\ 

into a Committee to confider oF that Motion : The G>unt 

Party would fein hare put it off to a long Day ; but tl 

Courtiers having mov*d for the i9th^ it was carried widv 


yuju 19. The Commons went into a Committee of thei 

whole Houfe to confider of the Moticm for a Supply ; and 

^ «t the fame Time took into Confideration both his Majefty's 

Meffage, and the late Treaty with Sweden, upon which 

i!d.^i4JSrorSl"* ^^*^^ ^"'^^ ^ ^^^y ^'^^^'^ Debate. Sir William Wyndham 
declared himfelf againft the Subiidy to Sweden, as an unne- 
cei&ry Charge ; and Lord Molefworth went to the Bottom 
of, and laid open, the whole Affair of the Northern War. His 
. Lordfhip faid, ' That he would go as ^ as any Man to main- 
tain and fupport the Honour and Dignity of the Crown of 
Great Britain ; but that, on the other Hand, he was not for 
fquandring away unneceffarily the finall Remainder of the 
Wealth of the Nation. That by our late Condud we are 
become the Allies of the whole World, and the Bubbles of 
all our Allies : But when we have Occaiion for our Allies, we 
are obliged to jiay them well ; and to that Purpofe his Lord- 
fhip inibnc'd in the Dutth Troops, that came over to our 
AMance in the late Rebellion.* He added, * That as to 
our Alliances with Sweden, it was a Matter of great Intrica- 
cy and Nicety ; becaufe the Treaties which England has, m 
divers Times, made with Sweden, are partly contradidtoiy;' 
and thereupon his Lotdfhip entred into a Detail of the Trea- 
ties of Rolchild and Travendall, made in the Reigns of King 
Charles TL and William III. * That the Engagements latdjr 
entred into with the Crown of Sweden were l^ewife, in fomc 
Meafure, contrary to the Treaties fubfiiting with Denmark ; 
tertkularly as to the fecuring to the Duke of Holftein the 
Dutchy of SleiWick ; and diredtly oppofite to the Meafwts 
fonnerly concerted with the Czar of Mufcovy, in order to 
engage him to check the Fiercenefs and Ambition of the 
late King of Sweden. That, after all, ' it feem'd unrcafon- 
able to expeft that the Czar fhould reftore his Conquefls, 
wbilft other Princes kept the Spoils of Sweden : And thcit- 
fore in order to engage the C^ to yield what he had gained, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( *5S ) 
; were but juft tliat the King of Pniffiafliould ^ve ap Stetin, Annoy, ceo. l 
nd the Eleftor of Hanover, Bremen, and Werdcn. His \^J^^^m^^ 
jordfhip own'd, that the diftrefs'd Condition to which the ^"^^r^^ 
Swedes had been reduced, was really .worthy of Compaffion : 
Sut that, on the other Hand, it muft be confider*d, that they 
lad been, in great meafure, the Authors of their own Mii^ 
brtttiies, by their tame Submiifion to a defpotick, tyrannical 
i^rince, and by Sacrificing their whole Subfbmce to enable 
lixn to carry on his unjuft, raih, and ambitious Defigns ; an4 
that any Nation who followed their Example deferv'd the 
fame Fate. To this PurpoTe, his Lordfhip took Notice of 
the hard Uiage of the Subjedb of Mecklenburgh from their 
Prince, whicn by the way, he fhrewdly iniinuated to have 
been one of the Caufes of the late Rupture with the Czar ; 
but that after all, England ought not to intermeddle with the 
Affairs of the Empire, that the getting Naval Stores for our 
Shipping was the main Advantage we reapM from our Trade 
in die Baltick : And he own'd that Hemp was a very necef- 
fary Commodity, particularly at this Junaurc, [At this Ex- 
preffion there tvas a general Latigh'] but that, in his Lord- 
(hip*s Opinion, if due Encouragement were given to (bme of 
our Plantations in America, we might be fupply*d from 
thence, at a much cheaper Rate than from Sweden or Nor- 
way.* Mr Robert Walpole, and Mr H. Walpde anfwer'd |5^&^*te 
Lord Molefworth ; who being fupported by Sir Jofeph Jekyll, sirj.'jeMiT' 
Mr Lechmere reply'd to the latter ; and the Queftion being ^' ^«^'»««- 
put; That a Supply be granted to his Majefty to enable him to 
make good the Engagements he has entred into with the 
Crown of Sweden ? It was carry'd in the Affirmative, by 
197 Voices againft 136. Then another Queftion being put. 
That a Supply be granted to his MajeHy, to be apply *d to the 
Satis£i£lion of the Mailers, Owners, and Freighters of the 
Ships Brifiol Merchant ^ and Turkey Merchant ^ which are in- 
tended to be burnt and deflroy'd for Prefervation of his Ma- 
jefty *s Subjeds againll the Plague ; It was carry 'd without Op- 

June 10. Mr. Farrer reported the two Refolutions before- 
recited for granting a Supply to his Majefly, for the Pur- 
pofes therein mentioned, which were agreed to, 

June 21. The Commons, in a grand Committee, conii- 
der'd of the Supply, and refolv'd to grant to his Majefly, 
I. A Sum not exceeding 72,0001. to enable him to make l^f^\^^^ 
good thf Eng^ements he had entred into with the Crown Sweden," an/ ''^ 
of Sweden. II. A Sum not exceeding 23^935 1. \o be ap- fw?lrti'p»^birS*c»ft 
ply'd to the Satisfaftion of the Owners of the two Ships, pi^JJJ'"^ 
which were to be burnt and deilroy'd, for the Prefervation 
of his Majefly 's Subjefts againll the Plague. 


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,1 of the 

( 256 ) I 

June 22. Mr Farrcr reported the t?ti6 foregoing Refolr 
tions, which being agreed to, Mr Loundes made a Motion 
•nlcYoiWiaiid- for adding a ClauTe to the Malt-Bill, for enabling the Com- 
ISKertuS^^ pany of York Buildings to difpofc of Part 5f the forfeited 
ofpartof tffp^ Eilates by them purchafed, by felling^ Annuities by Way of 
tbeyhjidpufdm^, Lottery : This was oppos d by Mr Arthur Moore, and fome 
hf^^r^ia^.^^Yitt Members; but Mr Hutchefon and Mr Lcchmerc ha- 
ving backed Mr Loundes's Motion, the fame upon a Diviiion 
was carry*d by a Majority of 90 Voices againft 66, and af- 
terwards pafs*d into a Law. 
The Hc«fe agree Jttne 28. The Houfc went through all the Schedules of 
to?i^*thSA3^w. '^« Eftatcs of the late Sub-Governor, Deputy- Governor, 
«J2w*^te^ I^Jre^ors, &c. of the South-Sea Company, and agreed widi 
idrAfteU^^r^Lm-the Committee, a& to the Allowances^ given them, [Seef. 
iSL^JST^^ 251.] except Mr Afteirs, to whom they gave 1 0,000 1. Sir 
lir Hawes. Lambert Blackwell, who had 15,000 1. Sir John Blunt, who 

got 5000 1. and Mr ' Hawes 5000 1. It was moV'd to ledoce 
Sir Theodore Janffen's Allowance to 30,000 1. but upon a 
Pivifion, it was cany'd in the Negative by a great Majority. 
AChafemfevonr Then a Claufe was ofier'd by Colonel Earle, to be ad- 
^ "^ * ded to the Bill, in fevour of Mr Aiflabie, viz. for excepting 
from the Forfeiture, his Country Houfe, Gardens, and Park, 
as alfo his Lady's Jewels and Houfhold Goods ; which was 
brought up and read, and a Debate ariflng thereupon, the 

(ame was adjourn*d to the next Day, when, it was agreed 
to without any Divifion. 
Ddntecoacermng This being over, the Remainder of the Sitting was {pent in 
StSs^lwr^re! a Debate of near thre^ Hours upon the Queftion, whether as 
the Bill flood, to veft the forfeited Eftates in Truftces, or to 
mulft the late Diredlors and others, at a certain Sum ? A 
Claufe for the Mulft was oiFer'd by Mr Hutchefon, who pro- 
pos'd a Million and Half Sterling, Sir Thomas Crofs mov'd 
for 1,400,0001. but not agfeemg upon the Sum, the Debate 
was adjoum'd to the third of Juty. 
i>rf»teconceminc July 3. The Houfe refum'd the adjourned Debate upon the 
Mr ctaggs'iEaate. Q]^fg q^.^j ^ ^ ^^^^^ ^ the Sufferers Bill, viz. That the 
Ellate of which the late Mr Craggs, fenior, was pofIefs*d in 
Odlober 1719, be veiled in the Hands of the Truftees ap- 
pointed by this KU to difpofe of the Eftates of the late Di- 
redlors ; which being ftrenuoully opposM jjy the Court Party, 
was, upon a Divifion, carry'd in the Negative, by 104 Voices 
againft 90. ' 

Debate on the Pro. '^^^ Sir John Eyles, Bart. *, Member for Chippen- 
po£d for laying a ham, propos^d. That a Claufe for veiling the Eilates of the 
DiJjaonl^^ * ^* forfeiting Perfons in themfelves, and only laying a Mul^ up 


•• One ff the CommiJlmers fit' the fafihed Ifiates^ attd SiA'Gvoermr (f 
ih$ SmA-Sca Ctm^aty, 

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( 257 ) 
on them> might be read, whkh being done acoordingly^ Sir 
Thomas Crofs, Member for Wcftminfter, fpoke to it, and v,^ ^ ^ 
fuggeftecH * Tiiat it were more advantageous to the Publick, sir t.ctoA." 
either to muld the Diredlors, or to allow them 1 5 per Cent. ^ 

out of their Eftates for prompt Payment f But this being warm- 
ly oppos*d by Mr JeiTop f , Member for Aldbrough, Mr Mil- Mr j^op. 
ner. Sir Nathaniel Gould, and Lord Molefworth, the Mo- sk^Sl^pid. 
tion for reading the iaid Claufe a fecond Time was rejeded ^^^ M^iidwonh; 
without a Divifion. 

July 6. The engrofled Suferers Bill wa« read a third Time ^^^SS 
with a new Title, viz. A Bill, For raifing Money upon the Time, and paft^d, 
Mftates of the late Suh-Govemor^ Deputy-Governor, Direc" 
tors, &c. which, with other Amendments, was pais*d and 
fent up to the liOrds by Mr Clayton. It is obfervable, that 
after the third Reading over of the whole Bill, which took up 
above two Hours, Mr Milner proposed a Rider to be added 
to it, importing. That the Houfhold Goods, Plate, linen, 
&c. of the Dire^rs, might be excepted out of the Bill i 
but this Motion was rejedted with Difdain. 

July II. MrMethuen acquainted the Houfe, That he 
hadaMeiTage fign'd by his MajeHy, which was read by 
Mr Speaker as follows : 

" TTIs Majefty finds it neceflary to acquaint his loyal 2^JS^*Jf4g 
** JL JL Houfe of Commons with the Difficulties he labours ^UftDcbo. 
** under, by Reafon of Debts contraded in his CivU Go- 
** vemment, which bei|ig computed to Lady-Day laft, do 
** amount to more than h^t hundred and fifty thoufand 
** Pounds. 

" If the Provifton, made by an k6t of the laft Seffion of 
** Parliament, for difcharging this Debt, had hot hitherto 
** prov'd in a very great Degree ineffedual, his Majefty 
*' had not been under a Ncceffity of applying again to Par- 
** liament upon this Occafion ; but being refolvM to caufe a 
*' Retreqchment to be made of his Civil Lift £jq)ences for 
'' the future, and finding that fuch^a Retrenchment cannot 
*' well be efFeded, without difcharging the prefent Arrears, 
*' has orderM the Accounts thereof to be laid before the 
** Houfe, and hopes he may be impower'd to raife ready 
** Money for that Purpofe, on the Civil Lift Revenues 5 
** which, to avoid the laying any new Burden on his People, 
** his Majefly propofes fhaH be replaced to the Civil Lift, and 
** reimbursed, by a Dedudion to be made out of the Ssdaries 
** and Wages of all Offices, and the Penfions, and other 
*' Payments, from the Crown." 

' Vol. L Kk After 

•J" A Welch Juigej qni of tU CommJpopP's and J^Miiver GtntrtH if ^# 

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f 258 ) 

After the reading of this Meflage, Mr SMppcn ftood np, 
and took Notice of this new and unufual Method of aflc- 
MrShirowi'T^^ M^g for Moncy, not fix)m the Throne, and, at the Beginning 
Speech fitreon. ofa Seffion, as it had always been the Coftom in former 
Reigns ; but now, by a Meffage, towards the End of the 
SeiRon, when moft of the Member* were gone Home : * Look 
round about the Houfe, Gendemen, feid he, and fee how 
few Members are prefent, when a Bufmefs of this Confequence 
is to be debated." But befides the Unfeaibnablenefs of the 
Time, Mr Shippen obfcrv'd, * That thb Meflage was no 
lefs extraordinary as to another Circumfbince: For whereas 
the Ways and Means of raifing Supplies were always left to 
the Commons ; here, not only the Sum, but the Way of 
railing it, was pointed out to ^em, which was making the 
Houfe a perfcft Parliament of Paris. That if Things were 
brought to that Pais, it might be eafy for any Eling, when- 
ever he thought fit, to make himfelf arbitrary, and abfblute 
Walter of our Liberties and Properties : Concluding, he was 
fure, that the Gentleman, who had advis'd the afldng for 
fuch a Sum, in that Manner, [meaning Mr Robert Walpolel 
would have been of a quite contrary. Mind four Years ago ; 
[Seep, 138.] but that it was ufual for Men's Judgments to 
alter as their Interelb lead them.' But Mr Shippen not being 
feconded, it was refolv'd to take the King's Meffage into Con- 
lideration the next Day, in a Committee of the whole Houfo. 
July I z. The Commons, in a Grand Conmiittee, took the 
The Houfe in a ^^ Account and Meflage into Confideration ; and Mr Ship- 
Grand Committee pen having {poke much to die fame Purpofe, as he did the 
Sion^ King's " bay before, was anfwer'd by Mr Robert Walpole, who 
Meflage. {tusw'di the Occafion, and Reafonablenefs of the King's Mef- 

Debate thereon, fggg^ the Tendcmcfs and Regard his Majefly exprefs'd in it 
ItoRwSi>ic ^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^ Subjedls, and the Necfflity of complying 
with his Majefty's gracious Delires and Intentions. He was 
feconded by Mr Lowndes, who faid, * That Six-pence in the 
Mr Lowndes. Pou^d on aU the Civil Lift Funds,' would anfwer the Porpofe ; ' 
Mr Pni ^"' ^^ Pulteney, and Sir Jofeph Jekyll, were of Opinion 

sirj.jd^t that it would not do, and therefore they mov'd for One 
Shilling in the Pound ; adding, * That jf this were too much 
for the prefent Occafion, die Overplus might go towards the 
A MotipBferia • ^^^harge of the Publick Debts.' Mr Sfoper upon this laft 
ing a^Ta» on aJ" Cbnfideration, mov'd, for One Shilling and Six-pence in the 
ihKJMLiftFunds. p^^^j^ ^j ^^^ ^^ ^^ ^gj^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^ Military Ofli- 

Debate thereon, cers, whofe Pay was above Ten Shillings a Day. This 
MrR. waipoifc htiRg^ oppos'd by Mr R. Walpde, Mr Slopo- anfwer'd him, 
MrL^rais. ^"^ ^^ Lowndes reply'd to Mr Sloper, whofe Motion 
Mi ArUmrMgojt. was back'd by Mr Arthur Moore *, Mcnj)er for Grimfl)y, 

^ ^ A CmmiSpmtr of TrMie tmd ^Umtatim in tht Keig* 4 ^ctn Apm, 

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( 2J9 ) 

and Mr Heme ; bat Mr WaJbole, and Mr Lowndes, having Annor. gm.iv 
again replied, Mr Sloper's Motion was dropt. Then thei^-J'JiL- 
Queftion was put, whether one Shilling, or Six-Pence in the MfHeraT^*^ 
Pound, be laid on all Payments out of the Civil Lift j and it {J £S}S!S; 
was jcarned for cme Shilling, by one Voice only, viz. iii 
Votes againft no. After this, the main Qucftion was put, 3^^£?^tJx 

* That one Shilling in the Pound be given on all Payments {1*2*^*^^ 
out of the Civil I^ towards a Fund S)r paying the Intereft o& the chji ua 
of 500,000 1. and for finking Part of the National Debts, ^^^' 
which was carried by 153 Voices againft 63. 

yufy 14. Mr. Farrer reported the Refolution of the iaid ^;«J;S!2gp^ 
Committee, for a Tax of One Shilling in the Pound on all ingwithtiv^SS* 
Payments out of the Civil Lift : Upon which Mr. Lowndes odMte tfaereon. 
moved. That the Houfe do not agree with the Committee in 
die fkM Refolution, and that the faid Tax be altered to Six- 
pepce in the Pound. Hereupon Mr. Hungerford took NojUce, Mr Hong^ori. 
^ That this Tax was inconfift^nt with the Refolution taken 
this Seffionfor a Land-Tax, importing, That Three Shillings 
in the Pound, and no more, be laid on all Lands, Salaries, 
PeniiOBS, 8cc. That there was, indeed, an Inftance of fuch a 
Tax in the late Queen's Reign, when 500,000 1. were raifed , 
much in the (ameManner, for the Civil Lift i but that this 
was then called Robinifin, [/^^ Earl of Oxford's Name^ *who 
twos tbtn Prime Minifier^ t^i^g Robert] and he fearM this 
would bear the fame Name.' Mr. Treby * anfwer'd Mr. Mr T«%t 
Hungerford, as Mr. Clayton, Member for Woodftock did Mr. Mrcuyton. 
Treby, who was anfwer'd by Mr. Henry Pelham f , and the *^Mham. 
latter by the Lord Stanhope ff. Hereupon Mr. Robert Wal- \Sk!^^^ 
pole anfwer'd moft of the Objections that had been ofier'd on 
the oppofiif Side. But Mr. Pultency obferv'd, ' That he w»»>»»y' 
had not always been of the Opinion he now feem'd to be of; 
that his Mipd alter'd as he was in^ or out of Place 1 and as he 
might be out in a Twelve-month's Time, fo he might then 
be of another Opinion.* To this Mr. R. Walpole reply^d, 

* That it was poffible, indeed, he might be out again : But 
whenever that happen'd, he (houM be glad to reiign to 
a Perfon of fo much Merit as Mr. Pulteney.' The latter re- 

tum'd the Compliment; after which. Sir Jofeph Jekyll sirJJekyU. 
^xdce for the Motion of One Shilling in the Pound ; but the 
Queftion being put therenpQn, it was carry'd in the Ne^tive, 
by a Majority of 132 Voices s^^ainft 83. And then it was •rheHoufereroiro 
jefohr'd, without dividing. That His Majefty be enabled to {feV^fd^'kid 
laBe any Sum not exceeding 500,000 1. to difcharge the Ar- «^« chri* *^ 
rears and Debts upon the Civil Lift, 1^ caufing a DedudUon, 
not exceedii^ Six-pence in the Pound, to be made out of 
Kk2 Salario, 

P Seemurf A War. 

^ Jppoinud wutftbe Cmmj^wers tfihe Treafmy nf fhif Sejfoiu 

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( 26o ) 
Salaries, Wages, Penfions or other Payments from the Crown: 
And a Bill was order'd to be brought in%ccordmgly. 

Jufy 21. The Bin for the faid Tax was read the third 
Tirne^ pafs'd, and fent up to the Lords. 
The Hosib pre. 7"^ ^^' '^^ Honfc prcfented to the King an Addrefs, 
^jj^heKiwtii repre^nting the State of the publick Credit, and their Refolu- 
iMtb«8(%o^ tions thereto relating, the Partictllars of which may be found 
™^^^~^ in the rO rZ 5 of this Seffion ; and alfo to requeft the King, 
That as the eftabliih*d Rules of Parliament made it imprac- 
ticable for them to prepare Bilk for the Royal Adent during 
"^ this Seffion, for fome of thePurpofes contained in thofe Refo- 
Intions, his Majefty would be pleafed, as foon as the publick 
imd private Bills depending were difpatch*d, to give them an 
early Opportunity of perfeAing that great and neceffary Work. 
yufy 29. The King came to the Houfe of Peers, and the 
Commons attending, the Speaker, upon prefenting the Civil 
Lift 9ill to his Majefly, made the following Speech. 

Moft Gracious Sovereini, 
•^**SS ♦ X70UR Majefty's moft Dutiful and Loyal Subjeds, the 
^ti?(&flLi ' 4 Commons ofGrett Britain in Parliament affemblcd,^ 
wL * being fenfible of the great Debt upon the Civil Lift, oc- 

' cafioh'd by the Calamity oJF the Times, which has dif- 

< abled the two Companies of AiTurance to make good the 
^ « Money which they had ftipulated to pay to the Crown, 

' which^ if it had been inMed on, would have occaiionM 

* the Ruin of many Families, and would confequently have 

< been a great ObftruAion to Trade ; And your Majefty 
^ having always had fo much Goodnefs, as rather to wave 

* your own Right, than to exa^l it, to the Prejudice of your 
' faithfiil Sabjedb ; We have therefore, to make good that 
' Lofs, given your Majefty, and we humbly pray, that your 

* Majefty would be gracioufly pleafed to accept of. Six-pence 

* in the Pound, to fcc paid out of the Civil Lift, from your 
^ Faithful Commons, who will be always ready to fupport 

* your Majefty and your Government.* 

After which the Rbyal Aflent was given to an Ad, For 
raifing Money upon the Eftates of 'the late Suh-Govemorf 
Deputy-Go'vernoTy DireSiors, Cajhier^ Deputy-Cajhier, and 
Accomptant of the South-Sea Company ^ and of John Aifla" 
bie^ Efqi and like^ife of James Craggs, Senior ^ Efqi deceas^d^ 
towards making Good the great Lofs and Damage fufiaii^d hy 
the faid Company ; and for difahling fuch of the faid Perfins 
as are li<vingy to hold any Office or Place of Trujl under the 
Crown y or to fit or <vote in Parliament for thefuturo } and 
for other Purpofis in thefai4AQ $xprefidi And tO five other 



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( 26l ) 

And then the Lord Chancellor prorogued the Parliament Anno s. Geo.i. 

to the 31ft. v.^nirs^ 

yuly 3 1 . The King came to the Houfe of Peers and made 
the following Speech. 

My Lords and Qentlemen, 
M ^ I'^HE Occafion of my <^ling you together again fo SaS^SS'' 
« JL fuddenly, is to give you an Opportunity of refum- Addrefr*Jf the 
" ing the Confideration of the State of Publick Credit. ^^S^^ 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons, ^"^^ <^«^ 

** The Progrefs that you made in this Affair during the 
" lail Sefiion, laid fuch a Foundation of this neceflaiy Work, 
'* that the World is fully apprized of what is g^onably to be 
*' hoped for at this prefent Conjundure. 
My Lords and Gendemen, 
'* I muft reconmiend to you dl poifible Difpatch, and am ^ 
" perfwaded that at this Seafon of the Year, your Delibe- * 
*< ration will be con£n'd to what is abfolutely neceHary upon 
" this extraordinary Occafion." 

The Commons being retum'd to their Houfe, refolv'd them- 
felves into a Grand Committee on his Majefly*s Speech, and 
came to ieveral Kefolutions thereupon for the re-efiablifhing 
publick Credit, which afterwards pafl into a Law. 

Auguft 10. The King came to the Houfe of Peers, with 
the ufual State and Solemnities^ and the Commons being fent 
for up, and attending, the Lord High Chancellor, by his M«- 
Jefly^s Command, read the fdlo wing Speech to both Houfes. 

My Lords and Gendtmen, 
^< TAm g^ that the Bufinefs of this and the former Seffion 
^^ \^\izx. length biou^ht to fuch a Period, that I have now TfirTrinfupg^ch 
'* an Opportunity of giving you fbme Recefs, after the great JUtC^^^ 
*« Pains you have taken in the Service of thd Publick. ^^ 

^^ The Conunon Calamity, occafion*d by the wicked Exe- 
*^ cution of the South-Sea Scheme, was betome (bveiy great 
** befixe your Meeting, that ^the providing proper Remedies 
^^ forit was veiy difficult: But itisa great Comfort to me, 
** to obferve, that Publick Credit now begins to recover ; 
" which gives me the greatefl Hopes thgt it will be entirely 
<^ itfbr'd, when all the Proviiions ypu have made &r that 
f' &id, ihall be duly put in Execution. 

" I have great Companion for the Sufierings pf the Inno- 
** cent, and a juft Indignation againil the Gmlty ; and have 
" readily given my Aflent to fuch Bills as you have prdented 
*^ tq me, fpr puniihing^ the Authors of our late Misfortunes, 
'^ and fbr obtaining the Reftitution and Satis^&ion due to 
^f tbofc who have l^en injur*d \rf theoii in fucb Manner as 

4« yQ^ 

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( ^6z ) 

youjodg'd proper. I was, tt the £mie Time, willieg aa 

defirous, by my Free and General Pardon, to give Bafe an 

Quiet to the left, of my Subjeds, many of whom may,! 
** fuch a ^eral In&tuation, have been unwarily drawn i 
** to tranlgrefs the Laws. 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commonsy 

** I return you my hearty Thanks for the Supplies yoi 
^ have granted for the current Service of this Year ; aat 
** particularly for your enabling me to difcharge the DdM 
** and Arrears on the Civil Lift, and to make Good the i^ 
** gagements I was under for procuring Peace in the NcHtl 
*^ which, in all Probability, will now veiy foon be condudol 
** Thei^ Inftaaces of your faithful Endeavours to fupport dn 
** Honour and Dignity of the Crown, at Home and Abroad 
** are frefh Marks of your Ztal and Afie^on to my Perfim 
« and Govenuncnt. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

** I take this OppcMtunity of acquainting you, that we 
** have renewed all our Treaties of Commerce with Spain, 
** upon the fame Foot as they were fettled before the late 
** War 5 which muft neceiTarily prove an immediate and 
** valuable Advantage to the Trade and Manu6£bires of this 
** Kingdom. 

** I eameftly recommend to you all, in your feveial Stad- 
** ons, to fuj^refs Profanenefs and Immorality, and topeierve 
•* the Peace and Quiet of the Kingdom. 

** You are all fenfible, that the Difcontents occafion'd bjr 
** the great LoflSss that many of my Subjefb have fuftainU 
** have been induftrioufly rais'd and inflam*d by malicious and 
** feditious Libels ; but I make no doubt, but that, by yoar 
" prudent Ccmdud in your feveral Countries, all the Enemies 
** of my Government, who flatterM themfelves they fhould 
** be able to take Advantage from our Misfortunes, and blow 
** uj> the Sufferings of my people into Popular Difcontent 
*^ and Difaffedion, will be difappointed in their wicked 
** Defigns and Expedations. 

And then the Lord Chancellor j»x)r(^;ued the Parliameitt 
to the 19th Day of Odober. 


y Google 

i *63 ) • 


In the Seventh Ssssion of the 
JFirfi Tariiament of King George I. 

3N the 19th of Odlober the Parliament being met. Anno 8. Geo. i. 
die King came to the Houfe of Peers, and the Com- wJZ^>4^_i 
mons attending, his Majcfty, by the Mouth of the ^^^'^Nr^^-^ 
ord High Chancellor, made the following Speech to both 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

I Acquainted you, when' we parted lafl, with our having Kin^speediat 
renew'd all our Treaties of Commerce with Spain ; ^^^r^ 
^ fince which. Peace is happily reftor'd in the North, by 
' the Conclufion of the Treaty between the Czar and the 
' King of Sweden 5 and by that which I have made with 
' the Moors, a great Number of my Subjects arc deliver'd 

* from Slavery 5 and all fuch of them as trade to thofe 

* Parts of the World, are, for the future, fecur'd fiiom 
' falling under that dreadful Calamity. 

** In this Situation of Affairs we ihould be extremely 

* wanting to ourfdves, if we neglefted to improve the fa- 

* Yourable Opportunity, which this general Tranquility 
" gives us, of extending our Commerce, upon which the 
" Ridies and Grandeur of this Nation chiefly depend. It 
" is very obvious, that toothing would more conduce to the 
" obtaining fo publick a Good, than to make the Exporta- 
** tkm of our own Manufaftures, and the Importation of 
" the Commodities ufed in the Manufafturing of them, as 
" pradicable and eafy as may be ; by this Means, the Ba- 
** lance of Trade may be preferv'd in our Favour, bur Na- 
•* vigation increas'd, and greater Numbers of our Poor 
•* employ'd. 

" I muft therefore recommend it to you. Gentlemen of 
" the Houfe of Commons, to confidcr how far the Duties 
" upon thefe Branches may be takers off, and replaced, with- 
" out any Violation of publick Faith, or laying any new 
•* Burthen upon my People. And I promife myfelf, that 
" by a due Confideration of this Matter, the Produce of . 
•* diofe Duties, compared with the infinite Advantages that 
** will accrue to the Kingdom by their being taken off, will 
•* be foimd fo inconfiderable, as to leave little Room for any 
" Difficulties or Objeftions, 

« The 

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JUtao 81 Geo. U 

( 264 ) 

** The fupplying ouHelvcs with naval Stores, upon Td 
themoft eafy aad leaft }H-ecarious, feems highly to dd 
the Care and Attention of Parliament. Our PlantaCiom^ 
*• in America naturally abound with moft of the proper 
." Materials for this neceflary and effential Part of our Trade 
*^ and Maritime Strength ; and if, by due £iicouragemeiiC, 
** we could be fiirnifh'd from thence with thofe naval Stor^ 
** which we are now oblig'd to purchafa, and bring from 
** foreign Countries, it would not only greatly -contribute to 
** the Riches, Influence, and Power of this Nation, but, 
** by employing our own Colonies in this ufeful and advan- 
** tageous Service, divert them from fettii^ up, and carry- 
** ing on Manufedtwes which diredlly interfere with thofe of 
•* Great-Britain. 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons, 
*^ It will be a great Pleafure to me, if, in rai£ng the Sup- 
** plies of this Year, it may be fo order'd, that my People 
** may reap fome immediate Benefit from the prefent Cir- 
** cumilances of Affairs Abroad. I have orderM £ftimates 
•* to be prepared for the Service of the enfuing Year, and 
** likewifc an Account of the Debts of the Navy, to be 
** laid before you.. You cannot but be fenfiUe of the ill 
'^ Confequences that arife from fuch a large Debt remain- 
** ing unprovided for ; and that as long as the Navy aod 
^* Vidualling Bills are at a very high Difcourit, fliey do 
*^ not only afFedt all other publick Credit, but greatly in- 
** creafe the Charge and Expence of the current Service. 
** It is therefore very much to be wifli'd, that you could 
*^ find a Method of difcharging this Part of the National 
** Debt, which, of all othen, is the moft heavy and bur- 
*' thenfome, and by that Means have it in your Power to 
" eafe.your Country of fome Part of the Taxes, which 
** from an abfolute Neceffity, they have been obligM to 
** pay. y 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
** The unfpeakable Mifery and Defolation that has of 
** late rag'd in fome Parts of Europe, cannot but be a fuffi- 
" cien^ Warning to us, to ufe all poffible Precautions to 
« prevent the Contagion from being brought in among us ; 
** lor if thefe Kingdoms ihould be vifited with fuch a fetal 
** Calamity, to b^ in a Condition, with the Bleffing of God, 
•* to ftop its farther Progrefs. And as all other Provifions 
*^ will be altogether vain and fruitlefs, if the abominable 
** Praftice of running of Goods be not, at once, totally 
*^ fupprefs'd, I moft earneftly recommend to you, to let no 
** other Coniideration ftand in Competition with a due Care 
" of prcfcrving fo many thoufand Lives. 

.^ The 

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{ i^S ) 
** The feveral Aff&irs whicli I have mentionM to you, Annot. oe*.i, 
** being of the higheft and moft immediate Concern to V„^"v^^^ 
" the whole Kingdom, I doubt not but you will enter into 
** the Confideration^of them with that Temper, Unaniaiity, 
*' and Difpatch, that the Neceilicy and Importance of them 
** require." 

The Commons being returned to their Honfe, Sir George siraeorjeoxto* 
Oxenden, Member for Sandwich^ mov'd for aa Addrefs of Add5£![** ^^^ ** 
Thanks, which was unanimoufly agreed to. 

Oa. 20. Sir George Oxenden, Chairman of the Com^ whkh being re- 
mittee appointed to draw up the feid Addrefe, reported the JK^JSkt'iblS. 
fame to the^ Houfe, and upon the Speaker's putting the o»>jeakms thereto. 
Queftion, Whether this (hould^afs as the Addrefs of the 
Houfe ? Mr Arthur Moore, Member for Grimfby, faid, ' He 
thought the Expreflioais relating to the preventing Running 
of Goods were^ too general ; and that, in his Opinion, the 
beft Way to prevent that pernicions Practice, was to take ofF 
fome of the high Duties, whereby the Temptation to Smug-* 
gling would very much abate ; fince People would not thiAlc 
it worth their while to vun great Hazards for a fmall Gain.- 
And beiides, if the Duties were leiTen'd, the Importation, 
in all Pcobability, woidd increafe proportionably ; (o that 
the^Cuiloms might amount to as much, with a fmaller Duty, 
as they do at prefent ; and if they did not. Ways might be 
found to make up the Deficiency to the^ Crown.' NothijB|g 
of Moment was ofFer'd againft this Speech j but, the Houi^ 
not thinking it proper t6 enter then: upon the Coniideration> 
of that Matter, the Addrefs, as it had been drawn up, was 
approved, and the next Day prefented to the Kin^ by the 
whole Houfe, as follows : 

Moft gracious Sovereign, 

* WT^ your Majefty's moft dutiful and loyal Subjefts, The Common* a* 

* VV the Commons of Great-Britain in Parliament af- ^«^ 

* fembled, beg Leave to return your Majefty our unfeigned 

* Thanks for your moll gracious Speech from the Throne. 

* We congratulate yiwir Majefty upon the Succefs that ha» 

* attended your unwearied Application for reftoring Tran-* 

* quility to Europe, for fecuring our Conunerce by Trea^es, 

* and for relea£ng great ;J>rumbers of your Subjedls from 

* Slavery among the Moors, and for delivering the trading 

* Part of the Nation from the Apprehensions of the. like 
' Cakmity. for the future i which are fo many Inftances of 

* »yqur Majefty's Goodiicfs, in which all your Subjeds are fo 

* nearly concerned, that we are no kfe bg^nd by Intereft, 
f than led by Inclination and Duty, moft thankfully -to 
' Vox... I. . •. *^ , LI • adcD0wfc4g* 

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( 266 ) 
acknowledge thefe happy EfEeds of your Majefty's Care 
for your PeOf>le. 

* Your Majefty^s recommending* to us to improve the ge- 
' neral Tranquility Abroad^ towards extending and enlargiog 

* oor Commerce, is an additional Proof, how much your 

* Majefty has the real Intereft of Great-Britain at Hearti 

* in all your Counfels and Undertakings. 

* Your Commons are throughly ienfible that our Poor 

* cannot be fufRciently employed, nor the Balance of Trade 

* be long prefer v'd in our Favoor, while fuch Duties are 

* continuMy as either clog the Exportation of our own 

* Manu£i£iures, or render the Manufadaring of them at 

* Home lefs eafy and practicable ; and they will moft chear- 

* fully apply themfelves to coniider how ftr fuch Duties 

* can be taken off and replaced, withoi;^ laying any new 

* Burthen on your People, or violating the publick Faith ; 
' ' haytne great Reafon to fnromife themfelve^, that the free 
' Circulation of Trade, which mnSt naturally fucceed upon 

* the taking off this PrefTure, will, in a (hort Space of 

* Time, compen&te any Diminution of the Cofloms, which 
' this Alteration may occafion for the prefent. 

* And fince the Trade, Navigatiob, and Safety of this 
' Nation muil remain, ht fome M^iure, precarious, as long 
' as we are under the NecefHty of purchaBng and importing 
' all our naval Stores from foreign Countries, your Majefty's 
' moft faithful Commons will do their utmoft Endeavours, 
' that this important and beneficial Branch of Trade may 

* -be fupply*d from your Majedy's Plantations in America, 
' and thereby di^7«t our Colonies from fetting up Manu- 

* ladtures, which diredly interfere with thofe of their 

* Mother-Country. 

' Your Majelfy's tender Concern to have the Supplies of 
' this Sefiion fo ordered, that your Snl:jeds may be amcH^ 
*• the' earlieft in ittapihg the happy Effeds of the ' general 

* Tranquility Abroad, cannot fad of exciting in your 
^ ftithful CommOtis a D^rt of makmg fuitad)le Returns, 
' by proceeding, with all' Alacrity^ to grant tk^ necefiary 

* Sup^ies for the current Service of the Year, and lor dif- 
^ Cha^ii^ the hettvy Debt of the Navy : And we find onr- 
' felves engaged, 1^ aQ the Ties of Duty and Interefl, to 
' fecond your Mijefty*s provident Intentiof»» toe hmt&x^ 

* the in^ous and pernicious Piadice of Running Goods ; 

* which, befuiies that it defrauds the publick Revenues and 
' difconrages the honefl Trader, may, at tins Jun^ore, in* 
*■ danger the Hei^th and lives of many ThouCoids^f ywx 

* M^ly's inn<k!ent Sobjeds. 

^ The feveral Pbints which yo«r ^Jia^^ has been giad« 

* oufly {deas^d to reconunend^^us^ cany in then foch cvi* 

[ dent 

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( 26; ) 
' dent Marks of your Majdly^s paternal and moil affectionate Anno 8. Oo.t 

* Concern for your People, and are of fuch laiUng Confe- ^-^i^^ 

* quence to the Welfare and Safety of this Nation, that we 

* ihould be inexcufahle, if we did not, by a ready Concur- 
' rence on our Parts, do all in our Power to render thefe your 

* Majefly's mod gracious Purpofes effedual ; and proceed 

* in the Confideration of them with fuch Temper, Unani- 

* mity, and Diipatch, as may fully anfwer your Majefly*s 
' Expedtations, and defeat the Defigns of thofe who hope 

* for any other G>ntentions amongft us, but of Zeal and 
' Af!e6Uon towards your Majefly's (acred Perfon and Go- 

* venunent* 

To which the King gave this Anfwer, 

*' T Return you my Thanks for this dutiful and loyal Ad- jn»« i^^ a*. 
•' I dreis, and for the AfTurances you give me of going ^^ **** 
** through the weighty Affairs now before you with Unani- 
'' mity and Diipatch ; and I promife myfelf, from your 
" experience Zeal and Application, that my good Wilhes 
*' for the Welfefe and Profperity of my People, will be ren- 
« der'd effedual/' 

O^. 23. A Motion was made for a Supply to be granted 
to his Majefty, which was unanimouily agreed to. 

0<ff. 27. The Commons, in a Grand Conmiittee,coniider'd of 
the Supply to be granted to his Majeily ; and, in the iiril Place, Debate in theCom- 
went upon the State of the Debt of the Navy, as it flood on SJJSJiSL^' 
the 30th of S^tember 1721, which amounted to about ^btseftiieNavy 
1,700,000!. Hereupon Mr Freeman flood up, and with Mrftwmiiu 
ibme Waimth animadverted upon the Perfons concerned in 
that PM of the Adminiibation, ikying, amongother Things, 

* It was Matter of Wonder, how fo great a Debt could be 
incarr'd, when the Parlianient had provided for what had 
been defir'd upon that Head.* He was feconded by Mr 
Shqppen, who hinted, ' That fuch extraordinary Expences Mr suppen. 
could not be for the immediate Service of Gceat-Britain, but 

in all Probability, for the Prefervation of fome foreign Ac* 
quifitions.* Mr Rummer anfwer'd them. Upon which Sir ,^,p|,,„„^^ 
Jofeph Jekyll iaid, * That he was not againu providing for sir j. jetyii.' 
any juft publick Debt ; but that, in his pinion, they could 
not anfwer it, either to themfelves, or thofe they had the 
Honour to reprefent, if they gave away the Nation's Money 
Uindfold ; and therefore he deiir'd, that the Houfe might 
be informM, how fo great a Debt had been contra£ied ? * To 
this Mr R. Walpole replied, * Nothing in the World was,^,^^^^^ 
more reafonable ; and therefore he mck'd the Motion for 
LI z having 

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One MiUion grant' 
ed tow.vds paying 
the Debts of the 
Navy : And an Ad- 

( 268 ) 

having a particular Account of that Debt laid before the 
Houfe ; but, in the mean Time, he might afTure them, that 
near 1,1 00,000 1. of it was contracted in the lafl Reign ; and 
as the Perfons now in the'Admiftiibation, were not anfwer- 
able for that Part, neither did they dcfire that above one 
MilL'on of it fliould be this Year provided for.' Hercopon 
the Queftion being put. That one Million be granted towards 
paying off the Debt of the Navy, it was carry 'd without di- 
dw?«»nthi^5^- viding : Then the Speaker having refum'd the Chair, it was 
**•• refolv'd, according to Sir Jofeph Jekyll's Motion, to addrefs 

his Majefty for an Account of all Money, granted by Parlia- 
ment for the Service of the Navy, fl-om the firft Day of Ja- 
nuary 1 7 10 J and how far the faid Money has been iffued for 
that Purpofe, and what the Excefs of the Expence above the 
Provifion made by Parliament has every Year amounted to, 
and what were the Caufes of fuch Excels. ^ 

OSl. 31. The Order of the Day being read, for the Houfc 
to refolye itfelf into a Grand Committee, to coniider farther 
of the Supply granted to his Majefty, the feveral Eftimates 
and Accounts relating to the Land- Forces, Chelfea-Hofpital 
and reduc'd Officers, were referr'i to the faid Committee : 
But a Motion being made by Mr Treby, that the Speaker do 
now leave the Chair, the fame was oppos'd by Mr Freeman, 
who dcfir'd that this Affair might be put <)9iy at leaft till the 
Friday following, urging, ' That there had not been fufficient 
Time allowed to the Members to perufe the feveral Accounts 
and Eflimates, and, confequently, they were not prepared to 
cive their Opinion thereupon/ He was feconded by Mr 
Heyfham ; but Mr Yonge anfwer'd them both ; Mr Jefleries 
having replied to Mr Yonge, he was anfwer'd by Mr Treby, 
the latter by Mr Shippen ; to whom Mr R. Walpole having 
replied, the Queftion was, at laft, put upon Mr Treby 's Mo- 
tion, and* carry'd in the Affirmative, by 120 againft 40.' 
^ The Houfe having thereupon refolv'd itfelf into a Grand 
Committee, MrFarrer in the Chair, MrTreby mov*d, *That a 
Supply be granted for the fame Number of Forces as were 
provided for laft Year, viz. 14,294 Men, including Com- 
mifllon and Non-CommilTion Officers, and rS^g Invalids. 
This was again opposed by Mr Freeman, who alledg'd, * That 
confidering the general Tranquility, both at Home and 
Abroad, the Number of Land- Forces might be reduc'd, and 
Part of that Expence apply 'd to more important Ufes :' But 
he was anfwer'd by Mr Horatio Walpole ; and the Queftion 
being put, Mr Treby's Motion was, upon a Divifion, ear- 
ly 'd by a Majority of 121 Votes againft 37. 

No*vember 9. A Bill, To enable his Majefty effeilually t9 
prchibit Commerce wtb any Country^ as he Jkall think necej^ 

X>ebate concerning 
the Number of 

Mr Treby. 
Mr Frcenua. 

Mr Hey/ham. 
Mr Yonge. 
Mr Icffcrics. 
Mr Shippen. 
Mr R. Walpole. 


Mr Freeaun. 

Mr H. Walpole. 

A Bill to forbid 
Commerce vi ith 
any Country >»■ 


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( 269 ) 
fary^ in order to pre^vrnt the Contagion being hwought into this 
Kingdom, was read the iirft Time. 

Non;, 13. The Bill, To present the Contagion , &c, was 
read a fecond TiiM, and committed to a Committee of the 
whole Houfe. 

Nov. 17. Sir Gilbert Heathcote flood up, and fet forth, sirC.Heaihcote^ 
' That fmce the Ruffia Company had cngrofs'd the Trade to r^^^^ 
that Country, the Tar was rais'd above double the Price it ]b^^2^* 
bore when the Trade was open. That, befides, while we 
fetch'd our naval Stores from Ruffia, it was in the Power of 
the Czar, not only to fet what Price he pleas'd upon them, 
but even to prevent our having them at all, in Cafe we ihould 
be at War, either with him, or any of his Allies ; or, at 
leaft, to hinder our having them, iinlefs bt-ought over and 
imported in his own Veflels ; which, he faxd, that he 
was informed the Czar now infilled upon. That therefore, 
fince thefe Commodities were fo abfolutely neceflkiy fpr our 
Navy, it was not fitting we fhould lie at the Mercy of a 
foreign Prince for them j efpecially, -fince we could be fup- 
d^y'd with them from our own Plantations, and upon eafier 
Terms : For whereas we now pay for the naval Stores from 
Rufiia.moilly in ready Money, we might have them from 
New-England, and other Englifh Plantations in America, in 
Exchange for our own Manufadures ; whereby we ihould not 
only encourage his Majefly's Subje£ls abroad, and divert 
them fit)m fetting up and carrying on Manu&dhires which 
dircdUy interfere with thofe of Great Britain, but alio em- 
ploy our Poor at Home:' Concluding, with a Motion for 
bringing in a Bill, For giving farther Encouragement /or the 
Importation of Naiml Stores ; which being feconded, the faid 
Bill was order'd to be brought in. / 

Then the Houfe refolv'd itfelf into a Grand Committee, Debate on tbeia 
upon the Bill, To prevent the Contagion being brought into SjpS ^ ^ 
this Kingdom, Mr Sandys in the Chair. A Claufixbeing of- 
fered to be inferted in the Bill, impowering the King to order 
his Officers to fire upon, and fink any Ship coming fh)m an 
infeded Place, Sir Gflbert Heathcote mov'd, and wasTeccmded ^ ^ Heathcote. 
by Sir Nathaniel Gould, and Mr Chifwell, Member for fjN^^Goua 
Cake, all Turky Merchants, * That there might be an Ex- 
ception as to the Ships of the Turky Company ; alledging, 
that many of them were abroad, which they expefled hoftie 
very fpecdily, and which could not have Notice of this Law. 
They urg'd befides, that to allow the finking and dellroying 
all Ships coming fit)m infedled Places, was, in Effedl, to pro- 
hibit all Commerce with Turky, where it was known by 
every Body, that the Plague was always in fome Part or 
other 5 whereby w6 fhould lofe the moil beneficial Branch of 
our Trade, and which took off fo much of our Woollen Ma- , 


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{ 270 ) 

nafadurc/ To this it was tnfwcr'd, by Sir Philip Yorkc, 
and Mr Yonge, * That there was a vail Differeace between 
the common Plague, which is Epidemical in Turky, and the 
Contagion which at prefent rages in the South Parts of 
France, to prevent the bringing over of which this Bill was 
chiefly intended. That therefore it might be left to the 
Difcretion of the King and his Miniflers to a^ in that Mzt- 
Iter as they fhould fee Occafion, and to give Directions ac- 
cordingly by Proclamation :' And Mr Thomas Broderick^ 
added, ^ That for his Part, he was more afraid, that in this 
Cafe, as on other Occaiions, the King would be too merci- 
ful, rather than too fevere." Hereupon the Bill was gone 
through. Then, upon the QueiHon, when the Amendment 
made thereto fhould be reported. Sir Gilbert Heathcote and 
they who were againfl the Bill infixed to have it put off, 
that there might be more Time to confidcr of any Objedlions 
that might he made againft it : But Mr Broderick (aid, ' He 
thought no Time ought to be loft in a Cafe of this Nature, 
wherein the Lives of hs all were conccm'd : That for his 
Part he wifh'd the BUI could obtain the RoyalAffent that ve- 
ry Day ; and therefore nwv'd, • That it he reported the next 
Day, which being order'd accordingly, the fa^ Amendments 
were then agreed to, and the Bill order'd to be engrofe'd. 
nvBiOtoiievent f^^^* 20. The Commons read the third Time, pafsM, and 
^J5S^'^''*fent up to the Lords, the Bill, To enable his Ma^fiy sfeau- 
f^* al^ to frobihit Commerce^ foK the Space of one Tear, loith 

any Country that is, orjhall be, infeSied nvith the Plague. 
December 1 3. A Petition of the Quakers^ in Behalf of their 
AKBonier^dto f"^^> ^ho fcruplc thc Form of folemn Affirmation, viz. 
ke koMht ituin the Wordfi, In the Prrfence of Almighty God, was piefbited 
fiw<2|hcQM^ to theHouie, and read, praying, that Leave be given to 
bring in a BHl, For granting the faid People fuch Form of 
jifirmation or Declaration, as may remove tbofe DiJ^culties 
nvbich mofvf of them lie under \ or fuch other Relief as to 
die Houfe fhould feem meet : This Petition was fpoke to by 
SifcSS^ Sir John Ward, and Mr Heyfham, Members for London, 
j^idwIftSet. who were back'd by the Lord William Paulet, Mr Sl<^r, 
i!lH!^^poie. Mr Horatio Walpole, and Sir Wilfrid Lawfon * 5 whereupon 
suwiMHAwi«. a Bill was order'd to be brought in, according to the Prayer 
of the fiud Petition. 
Dec, 15. The QgakePs Bill was read the firftTime. 
ABiUorderMto \ Dcc, 1 6. Upou the Moti6n of Mr Hutchefon, a Bill was 
XtS^^^I/" ordered to be brought in. For the better fecuring the Freedom 
SilSw."" ^ ^/ ^^^^^ons of Mmbers to ferwe in Parliament. 

Dec. 1 9. Thc Commons read a fecond Time, and comr 
joitced die Bill in Favour of the Quakers. 

* 0)ie cftbe Groms qf ihe Kirig's Bed^fon^. 

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( 27* ) 
y,amiuuy 9. The Bill, For granting th^ Pi^ caiVi ^a-^ 
\ers, Jucb Form of Affirmation or Declaration^ as m^y remove v.^— xy-^^i^^^ 

the I^ijficulties n^hich many of them He undir^ w»$ read tli$ ThcQjiakertBai 
diird Time^ pafe'd, and fent up to tkc Lwds. luffc. u,c Hoije. 

yan, 16. A Bill, For fecuring the Freedom of tUaions of 
'Members to fer*ve in Farliamenty was read tjic fij^ Time. 

yan. 22. The abovc-mention'd Bill was jtetA a fecond 

Time i upon which Mr Hutchefon ftood up and ipoke for 

committing the f«me, as follows, 

Mr Speaker, 

* Tho' r thmk the Neccffity of the Bill which has beea Mr Hutchefon'* 

read to you, is of kfelf a fofficient Argument lor it, yet fJ^rte^HTS?" 

fince I was cMie of thofe who had the Honour oi your Com- 'j! "^if"2P 

mands for bringing it in, it may, perhaps, :be expeaed thU £/«^ v^ 

I iheuld fay ^Mnedung upon it. As therefore there is too 

muck Keaion to Af^ehend, that this is th^ laft Struggle yo« 

are ever like to have for the Prefervation of your Rights and 

Liberties ; {(> certainly the Efforts of every honeft Man are 

more than ordinarily requifite at this critical Jundlurc, to pro* 

cttte, if it be poffible, the Choice of a &ee and independent 

Parliament, tl4t being the only Means, under Providence, 

which can fave you from that State of Ruin and Confufion) 

which ieems fp immediately to threatei^ and to be hanging 

over you. If you ihould have the Misfortune to mifcany, 

and that the M^ority of this Houfe ftouW hereafter be com* 

pos'd of Perfons, who have Views and Schenws to purfue 

cepugnant to the commcm Good and £aie of their Counmr, 

what dfe muft you then expeft but the Continuance at Icall, * ^ 

if not the Incr^e, of thofe heavy Burthens you have already. 

upon you, and at every Turn to fee the Honour and Sanftion 

of Parliament bai^y proftituted to the dcflru6Uve Meafni«f 

of thofe, who fliall then happen to be in Power, v^hich,, 

without oUier Means of Violence, a)uld not be Juftify'd and 

Supported ? If you ihould be phmg -d into an unaeccflary and 

cxpenfive War, if your Trade and Inteteft ihould be fwai- 

fic'd for the Service of other Princes, and it ma/ be, tthat 

done too, only to engage them to the Cdacefion of foreign 

Provinces and Acquifitioos, in which Britain has not the ieaft 

Concem, what Redrefs could our Countiy hope for, tma 

under iuch Grievances, from Patriots vtho had themicbcs 

ecmtt^ted towards them, or were the ra^rcenai/ Tools and 

Dttcndents of thofe who had ? AH Mmer of Licentioufiicft 

aad pubUdc Frauds would then have their open and aTOwM 

Advocates ; and it would be no Wonder to fee the greateft 

CaiQiiiak o&ape ui^puniih'd^ i^^eft the Power of Remif^ 

fioa and PaidioA ^ Cosies wetn fo xtuch Uk their own 

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Aanot.Geo.1. « It js too hotorious what Attempts are itow carrying oo** 
to invade the Freedom of your approaching EledUons ; in 1 
fomc Places by Threats, to fill and over-awe them with the 
quartering of Troq)s, if they do not comply; is others, by I 
die corrupt SoUicitations of Agents and Undertakers, em- \ 
ploy'd by thofe, who, from the incredible Sums whidi arc i 
difpers'dy one mufl imagine, have more than private PuHes 
at their Command. 

' But what, in God's Name, can all this tend to ? What 
other Confhru^n can any Man in common Senfe pat upon 
all thefe Things, but that there feems to have been a fonn'd 
Dcfign, by Vidence and Oj^reffion, firft to humble you and 
to niakc your Necks plmble to the Yoke that is defign'd for 
You, and then to finifli the Work by tempting the Poverty 
and Neceffities of the People, to fell themielves into the moft 
abjed and deteftable Slavery, for that very Money which had 
been either unneceilarily raisM, or mercilefly and unjuiUy 
I^underM and torn from their very Bowels ? And thus you 
may be in a feir Way of being fubdu'd by your own Wea- 
pons. Nor can I imagine what Inducement Men can have, 
who run from Borough to Borough, and pnrchafe their Elec- 
tions at fuch extravagant Rates, i^efs it be frxxn a fhong Ex- 
pectation of being well repaid for their Votes, and of recei- 
ving ample Recompence and Rewards for the fecret Service 
they have covenanted to perform here. In this Situation, it 
is high Time for Gentlemen to put themfelves upon their 
Gua^ J and if it be not already too late, to endeavour to put 
a Stop to the Courfe of thofe Evils, which arc otherwifc 
likely fo ibon to overtake them. It '\% for thefe Purpoies that 
this Bill is now before you, and I hope it either is, or by 
your Afliftance will be made fuch, as nmy fiilly anfwer the 
Ends for which you were pleas'd to order it to be brought in. 
* The Abuies in the Maimer of difpatching your Writs to 
the SherifB, were the Motives which firfl led "yOu into thisConii- 
deration. I am perfuaded the Method here pitfcrib^d to re- 
gulate that Matter, will be found fo eafy and practicable, 
and fo litde lialsle to any Objection, that it would be needlefs 
in me to take up your Time in enlarging upon that Head : 
But for the Penalties upon falfe Returns, unlefs the)^ are 
ietded on the fevereft and moil rigorous Terms^ it will be in 
vain for you to contend with Shaifis and retttming Officers, 
who, inilead of the People in whom the Right is and ou^ 
to be lodg'd, will draw the whole Power of Eleftions into 
their own Hands, and therefore they ought to ht tyed up to 
fuch ftriCt Rules, as that they fhall never dare, iqwn any Ac- 
count whatfocver, to depart from them, aiucl^kfs to be fob- 
jedt to thofe Sort of Influences, which, of all others, you have 
moft Reafon to be jealous of. We know, that Pgfons here- 

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( 273 ) 
tofore have not only brib'd the returning Officer, but have 
even indemnify'd him againft the whole Penalty of Five Hun- 
dred Pounds, rather th^ not get the Return, right or wrong, 
in Favour of themfelves ; depending, I fuppofe, upon the 
Strength and Partiality of their Friends, to maintain them, 
at any Rate, in the unjulliiiable PoffeiEon of a Seat here ; this 
has been pradis'd upon former Occafions, and therefore there 
is always juft Grounds to fufpeft it will be attempted again. 
And it is now come to fuch a Pais, that if you were even to 
double that Penalty, without doing fomething elfe, I am 
afraid it would have little or no EfFeft. But when all thofe 
Bonds of Indemnity are declar'd null and void, when the 
Securities ufually given and taken upon thefe Occafions are 
withdrawn, they may then, perhaps, be deterr'd, at leall 
from fo barefaced a Pradice of thde arbitrary and illegal 
Proceedings for the future. 

* Another Expedient for fecuring the Freedom of your 
Eledtions, and which, I think, will more efFedually contri- 
bute towards it, than any one Thing whatfoever, is the an- 
nulling the Votes of thofe Swarms of Officers in the Cufloms 
and Excife i they are already fubjefted to the Penalty of one 
hundred Pounds, if they fhall prefume to intermeddle ; this 
therefore is no more than a natural Confequence, and a ne- 
ceflfary Enforcement of what you have done before. The 
Conmiiffioners themfelves of thofe Branches of the Revenue 
have been for fome Time under a legal Incapacity of fitting 
here, as being thought under fuch fht)ng Ties and Influences, 
in regard to their Employments, as were inconiiltent with 
that Freedom with which Men ought to ad in Parliament j 
certainly then the fame Reafon will hold good as to the 
Votes of them and their inferior Officers, efpecially in Mat- 
ters that fo nearly relate to it. There is likewife a Provifo, 
that no Perfon fhall be capable of pofTeffing any of thefe Of- 
fices, for a certain Time to be limited, after they fhall have 
tendered their Votes in any Election ; and the Reafon of that 
is very plain > without it all this Difability would flgnify no- 
thing ; for by difplacing them jufl to ferve a Turn, and re- 
ftoring them again immediately after, the whole Force of 
this Claufe would be entirely defeated. 

* I make no doubt but the Intention was very jufl and 
commendable of the Gentlemen who brought in the Quali- 
fication AEt, which was certainly defign'd to eflablifh a land- 
ed Property in Parliament, without which, I will venture to 
fay, it will be impoffible you fhould be fafe ; but that Matter 
Hands at prefent upon fo loofe a Foot, that I am afraid it 
has hitherto been of very litde Ufe or Service to you. What 
Dependence, for Inflancc, can you have upon a Man who 
has no more than three hundred Pounds ^ Year in Land, or, 

V o L. I, Mm perhaps 

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( 274 ) 
Anrog.Gco.L perhaps, only an Annuity of that Value for Life, and has 
*^'"*' at the fame Time thirty or forty thoufand Pounds in the Funds, 

or an Employment of two or three thoufand Pounds a Year 
civil or military from the Crown ? And even that fmall Qua* 
lification is no otherwife obligatory upon him, but merely to 
fwear to his having it, if it be required, at the Time of his 
Election 5 for tho' he fells it, or otherwife divefts himfelf of 
it immediately after, yet it remains a Doubt, whether, by 
fo doing, he Ihall vj^cate his Seat in Parliament. This is 
certainly fuch an Omiflion as requires to be better regulated 
and explained. There is likewife a Saving in that A6k in 
Favour of eldeft Sons of Peers, and the fame for thofe of 
Cenunoners of fix hundred Pounds a Year ; but I confeis I 
am at a Lofs to find 'out upon what Grounds the latter was 
inferted, unlefs Care had been taken at the fame Time to 
have obliged the Father or the Son to have proved the Pof- 
feflion of fuch an Eftate 5 for at prefent, let the Circum- 
jftances of the Family be what they will, if the eldefl Son 
can procure himfelf to be eledled, I cannot fee but he is in- 
titled to a Seat here, without any farther Examination what- 
foever. This is another Defedl fo grofs in your former Ad, 
and opens a Back- Door to fo many Perfbns, fo entirely con- 
trary to, the Intent and Meaning of it, that it very well 
juilifies the Repeal of it by this Bill, I mean fb far only as 
it relates to the eldeft Sons of Commoners. 

* Whether the Houfe will be willing to enadit by aQaufe, 
muft be fubmitted to them, I only take the Liberty to menti- 
/on, that it were very much to be wiih'd, that Gentlemen of 
Eftates and Families in the Country would heartily unite in 
this Particular, of keeping the Eledlions in their feveral 
Counties among themfelves ; that they would refolve inviola- 
bly to fupport each other's Intereft agamft the Incroachments 
and corrupt Applications of Strangers, let them come from 
what Quarter they will. If this were done, it would, in a 
great Meafure, put an End to thofe dangerous and infamous 
Pradices that are now on Foot, and we might hope once more 
to fee this Houfe iilPd with Gentlemen of free and indepen- 
. dent Fortunes, fuch as would be above making their Court 
any where at the Expence of their Country, and would de- 
{i^{e all Manner of flavifh Conceffions to Men in Power ; Mini- 
llers would then be neither able to Ikreen themfelves, or 
their Friends, ^gainft your Inquiries; and the boldeftand 
moft enterprifkig of them would be made to tremble at the 
Apprehenfions of your Animadverfions upon them; nor 
Ihould we then, it is to be hop'd, fit tamely here, and fee onr 
Country harrafs'd with the Expences of fruitlefs Expeditions 
abroad, and with the MaintenJince of a Handing Army at 
home,, dangerous to our Conftitution and Liberties. 


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( *7S )■ 
* There are other Parts of this Bill, which I had like to ^^^^ 
have omitted to have fpoken to, which arc dcfign'd, if poffi- '^ 
ble, to put a Stop to that. Torrent of Bribery arid Corruption, 
which the Iniquity of the Times has let in upon you ; and ^ 
tho' I have very little Profped of any good EffcA that Way, 
and whatsoever the Fate of this Bill may be, every Gentle- 
xnan, I dare fwear, will fo far agree, that fome Method ihould 
be taken to prevent fuch Pradices, or the Kingdom muft be 
undone. If at this Time you had Men at the Head of your 
Adminiftration, who had ever been charg'd with, or any Way 
convi£bed of fuch Crimes, I own it would be in vain to pro- 
pofe this, or any other Method, to punifti and difcourage it. 
Were it poflibie to beheve, that the Influences of fuch Men 
coald prevail here, or in any other Branch of the Legiflature, 
it would then be no Wonder to fee this Bill mifcarry, or to 
hear it treated as a Compofition of Abfurdities; or as a Viola- 
tion of the Birthrights of great Numbers of his Majefty's beft 
Sabje£b. But at prefent this fhall be no Reafon with me to 
anticipate fo much ill Fortune to it, iince it is plain it could 
come before you with no other View, but to rellore the Free- 
dom and Honour of Parliament, to refcue the Rights and 
Liberties of our Country, and to fave, if it be poffible, the 
poor Remnant of our Conftitution. Thefe are the Confidera- 
tions which occur to me in Favour of this Bill ; and I humbly 
move you that it may be committed.' 

Accordingly ^the faid Bill was committed to a Conmiittec 
of the whole Houfe. 

February I . Sir John Cope, Bart. Member for Tavi- sir John Cope 
ftock, charg'd Sir Francis Page, one of the Barons of tlie p^lwith*eSdS? 
Exchequer, with endeavouring to corrupt the Borough of Jh°e sofoughT** 
Banbury in the. County of Oxon, in order to procure Sir Banbury." 
William Codrington to be chofen a Representative for the 
faid Borough in the enfuing Eledlion. The Sum of this 
Charge was, that Mr Baron Page had not only ofier'd to the Debate thcrcoiu 
faid Corporation to forgive them fix or feven hundred Pounds, 
they ow'd him for their new Charter, but likewife to give 
them another large Sum in ready Money, which Sir John 
Cope having offered to prove by undeniable Evidence, fet the 
whole Houfe into a Flame ; and fome Members were for 
cenfuring the Baron immediately ; but *Mr Robert ^*Valpole 
moderated that Heat, reprefentihg, * That it was unreafon- 
able to arraign, condemn, and cenfure a Man, efpecially one 
in fo eminent a Station, before they heard what he had to 
fay in his own Vindication ; and befides, that it would look 
like prejudging the Merits of the Election of that Borough ; 
ajid therefore he was of Opinion, they ought not to take 
any Notice of that Comj^nt, until the Eledtibn was over^ 
Mm z and 

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('276 ) 
Aano 8. Geo. I. and then, if any Thing of that Nature appeared, the Hotife 
^J^iT^^:^^, might proceed to cenfure as they fhould think fit.' He was 
fupportcd by feveral other Members of the Court-Party, who 
alledg'd, * That when they fhould hear what Mr Baron Page 
had to fay for himfelf, the Matter might appear quite other- 
wife ; and that the Gentleman who accused him, might be 
either mifinform'd, or imposed upon.' Hereupon the Matter 
of the faid Charge was order'd to be heard at the Bar of the 
Debate on the Bai, Houfe the 13 th. Then in a Committee of the whole Houfe, 
iZid^'!^£Uc- the Commons went upon the Bill, For better fecuring the 
tim, &c. Freedom of EleSiions of Members to fer*ve for the Commons 

in Parliament ; upon which there were great Debates about 
feveral Qaufes that were ofler'd to be inferted in the fiiU : 
One of them was, that no Officer of the Cultoms, or Excife, 
ihould have any Vote at any Eleftion for Parliament-Men ; 
which was ftrenuoufly opposed by the Court Party, as taking 
away from the faid Officers their Birthright, as Englifhmen 
and Freeholders ; fo that after fome Speeches made on both 
Sides, the Country-Party were contented to drop that Claufe. 
Another was proposed, importing. That no Perfon who did 
not pay Scot and Lot, fhould have a Vote in a Corporation ; 
but this was alfb oppos'd by the Courtiers, who urg'd, * That 
it had already been adjudged, at Committees of Elections, and 
agreed to by the Houfe, in feveral Cafes, that fuch Perfons, 
in fome Places, fhould have no Votes ; and that in other 
Places they fhould be allowM to vote, provided they did not 
receive Alms from the Parifh.' The other Party, in order to 
give the Bill a more eafy PafTage, did not think fit to infift 
upon this fecond Claufe neither ; and fo the Bill was gone 
through, and ordered to be reported on the 6th. 
The Hoi^e order ^gf^ 2. The Houfe Ordered, That the Complaint made 

bir John Cope and -^^ ,>. , o«ti^ tw 'Jiik/rTi 

Mr Baron Page to the Day before by Sir John Cope, Bart, agaimt Mr Baron 

0)uS ^ ^^^ Page, be by him put into Writing, and delivered to Mr 

Baron Page 5 and. That Sir John Cope, Bart, and Mr 

Baron Page be heard at tlje Bar of this Houfe by their 

Counfel, upon the Matter of the faid Charge. 

T^li^'hr^eldlm ^^^' 7' '^^^ engrofs'd Bill, For better fecuring the Freedom 

cf 'liciims, paifcs of Ele^ions, was read the third Time, pafs'd, and fent up 

rc[eaed iqrSe** to the Lords ; who rejeded it, on the fecond Reading there- 

Lords. ^f February the 1 3th. 

FirrherProceedi /v^. jm. The Houfe weut upon the Complaint of Sir 

jngs on the Com- _, ^t^ •n-n/r-r**^ /-t 

plaint of siMohn John Cope, Bart, agamft Mr Baron Page, for endeavouring 
j^ioa^lgj! ^^^ to corrupt feveral of the leading Members of the Corporation 
of Banbury againfl the next Election ; and to aggravate the 
Matter, Sir John Cope acquainted the Houfe, diat he ^s 
informed, that fome of his Evidences had been tampered with; 
and tliat there was one Mr Gregory at the Door, who could 
give the Houfe an Account thereof. Mr Gregory having 


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thereupon been caU'd in, and examinM, Sir John Cope AimoS."Geo.i* 
mov'd. That the Matter of the faid Charge might be referr'd """** 
zo the Coniideration of a Committee, upon C^h ; but this 
was oppos'd by the Courtiers, who urg'd. That the faid 
Ooxxiplaint was already ordered to be heard at the Bar of 
this Houfe this Day, and the Quellion being put, that the 
hearing the Matter of the faid Charge at, the Bar of this 
Houfe be difcharg'd, it was carry'd in the Negative by 1 76 
Voices againft 135. Then Sir John Cope mov'd, and 
the Queftion was proposed, that the WitnefTes to be examined 
in the Matter of this Charge, be examined at the Bar of this 
Houfe in the moft folemn Manner ; but the previous Queftion 
being put, that the Queftion be now put, it pafs'd in the Ne- 
gative by 144 Votes againft 142. Then the Counfel for Mr 
Baron Page being call'd in, and the Charge of Sir John 
Cope againft him read, the Mayor of Banbury, and other 
Witneffes, were call'd in, and examined by Sir John Cope ; 
after which, the Counfel for Mr Baron Page was heard, 
and a Wimefs examin'd. The WitnefTes for Sir John Cope 
declared, * That Mr Baron Page being with Sir Adolphus 
Oughton, and Sir William Coddrington in the Town-Hall at 
Banbury, Mr Baron Page call'd the Mayor and two or three 
of the Aldermen into another Room, and difcourling with 
them about a Perfon to be fet up at the next Eledlion to repre- 
fent the Corporation, he propos'd to them Sir William Co- 
drington. That they anfwer'd. They would be very glad to 
accept one of his Recommendation ; but added, that moft 
other Corporations made> a confiderable Advantage of their 
Eleftions ; and they knew no Reafon why they fhould not do 
it as well as their Neighbours ; that they wanted to have their 
Streets pav'd, an Augmentation to their Vicarage, and a 
School to be built ; which the Corporation not being able to 
do of themfelves, their Stock being very low, they therefore 
expedled, that the Peribn who fhould be chofen fhould be at 
that Expence, which, in all, might amount to 500 1. or 600 1. 
That thereupo|i the Baron told them, he did not expcA fuch 
an Anfwer ; that they knew he had been very kind to the 
Corporation, and had been at a great Charge, no lefs than 
600 1. or 700 1. to procure them a new Charter ; that he 
never intended to afk that Money of them, and if they would 
order a Releafe for it to be drawn up, he would readily iign ' 
it, which he did accordingly on the 2 2d of December laft. 
That this was all that pafs'd then ; but that the Baron came 
afterwards to them, and offer'd them firft lool. and then 
came up to 500 1.' It being late, the Houfe adjoum'd the 
farther hearing of that Matter to the next Day. 

Feb. 14. Afcer the farther examining of WitnefTes, and 
hearing of Mr Baron Page's Counfel, a Motion being made, 


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Mr Hatchdbn. 
Lord Morpeth. 
Gen. Rofe. 
Mr W. Pulteney. 


( 278 ) 

Anaos. G«D. L asd the QttdHoQ put^ that it z^ppesuc^d to dus Hoafe, that Sir 
^^^iil^J;^^ John Cope, Bart, had made good his Giarge againft Sir 
TheHouferdbirc Fnuicis Page, one of the Barons of his Majefty's Exchequer, 
^pc^U^ it was, after a long Debate, cany'd in the Negative, by i?8 
cS?' * «BiiS Votes only againft 1 24. 

MrilSonPage. FeL 1 6. The Hoafe went into a Committee upon a Bill, 
Dcbatecooceming ^^ ^^^^ *^^ Soutb-Sea Company to dij^ofe of the EffeBs in 
^^f's^c^Z^ ^^^^^ ^fl»</jf by Way of Lottery or Subferiptiony in order to 
ndi'^etf^^rf pay tbe Debts of tie faid Company. Sir Thomas Crofs being 
tTM'^SSt in the Chair, Mr Robert Waipole oflfer'd a Claufe to be 
added to the Bill, To impo^er the South-Sea Company to dtf- 
pofe of Fart of their Capital Fundy not exceeding t*wo Hum- 
dred Tboufand Founds per Annum, to any Ferfons^ Body FoU- 
tick or Corporate^ to enable them to pay their Debts, This 
Qaufe was very ftrenuoufly oppos'd by A4r Archibald Hutche- 
fon, the Lord Morpeth, General Rofs, and Mr Pulteney; 
who fuggefted, * That this was but an Ingraftment in other 
Terms : That the South-Sea Company had defirM no fuch 
Power ; but if they had it, the Direftors would not fail 
making Ufe of it, whether there was any Occaiion for it or 
not.' To this Mr Waipole replied, * He perceiv'd, that be- 
caufe he had once declared himfelf in Favour of an Ingraft- 
ment, every Thing he proposed iince appeared frightful, as 
tho' he were in the Intereft of another Company, and not in 
that of the South-Sea j but that he took that C^^rtunity to 
declare, that he had no Manner of Concern in the Bank, 
where, for a long Time, he had not had one Penny ; where- 
as he 'had, at this very Jun^re, a confiderable Stock in die 
South-Sea Company, and therefore had Reafon to be for die 
Intereft of the latter, if he coniider'd only his own ; but that 
in this whole Affair, he had the publick Good princmally in 
View : And altho' he had been fo much reflefted on to being 
for an Ingraftment, yet he would undertake to prove to any 
two unprejudiced Gentlemen in that Houfe, as plainly as Fi- 
gure? couki do, that an Ingraftment had been fba- the Intcrd 
and Advantage of the South-Sea Company. That as to this 
Claufe, he could not imagine, why any one concem'd in the 
faid Company, ihould be againft their having as much Power 
as they could, fmce it was in their Choice, whether they 
would make Ufe of, it or not : That confidering the prefcnt 
Circumftanccs of Affairs, the lownefs of Publick Credit, the 
Parliament's drawing to an End, and how many Accidents 
might happen before another Seflion, he thought it could not 
hurt the Qovaspmy to have Power from the prefent Parlia- 
ment, to do what they might have Occafion to aj^y for to 
a Parliament, when, perhaps, none were fitting.' Hereupon 
the (aid Claufe was agreed to, and the Bill gone through. 

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( 279 ) 

]^eh. 23. The Commons read the third Time, pais'd, and Anno 8. ceo.r. 
lent up the feid Bill to the Lords. V^>^^\^i<^ 

March 7. The King went to the Houfe of Peers with the which is pafe'd. 
ufual State and Solenmity, and the Commons attending, their 
Speaker, upon prefenting the Money-Bill, made the following 
Speech to his Majefty, viz. 

Moft gracious Sovereign, 

* ^TT^His is the (eventh Year in which your Majefty's faith- ^^ spetion** 

* J[, ful Conunons, without burthening your People wkfa ^P****if'^*'^' 

* any ikw or unufual Taxes, have readily and chearftlly Mo£y.j£S?^ 
* , granted to your Majefty the neceflary Sullies, not only for 

* carrying on the ordinary Ejq)ences of the Goveifnment, but 

* for maintaining the Honour and Dignity of the Crown ; 

* and, at the fame Time, they have omitted no Opportu* 

* nity of eaiing the publick Incumbrances, and of putting the 

* National Debt into a Method of Payment ; for no fooner 

* had your Majefty, by the Vigilance of your Councils, 

* and the Succe^ of your A^ms, reftor'd and fecur'd the pub- 

* lick Peace and Tranquility, but your Commons inunedi- 

* ately found Means to reduce the Intereft of the National 

* Debt, and thereby fet apart a Fund, which, by a, farther 

* Redu6Uon of Intereft fince nfiade' by your Commons, will, 

* in a few Years, be confiderably increased, and the Payment 

* of the Principal become practicable ; and from which your 

* Majefty's trading Subjeds have already reap'd this imme- 

* diate Benefit, that your Commons have been enabled, during 

* this Seffion, without endangering the Security of any Par- 

* liamentary Engagements, to take off fuch Duties as were 

* found by Experience to be moft prejudicial to the Trade 

* and Manufactures of your Kingdoms. And as your Com- 

* mons were apprehenfive, that the Debt of the Navy Was 

* riling to fuch an Height, as would, if not timely prevented, 

* neceftkrily aflFeCt and depreciate all other publick Credit, 

* and which would inevitably increafe the Charge and Ex- 

* pence of the current Service ; they have therefore unani- 

* mouily agreed on fuch Methods of difcharging fo much of 

* that Debt, as will efFedbally prevent the Mifchiefs they 

* apprehend, and can be no Ways burthenfome to their Fel- 

* low-Subjefts. 

* Thus have your Commons fully and happily compleated 
(■ « every Thing which your Majefty was gracioufly pleas'd to 

* reconmiend to them at the Beginning of this Seflion ; and 

* whenever your Majefty, in your Royal Wiidom, fliall again 

* think it proper to meet your People in Parliament, may 

* they imitate your prefent Houie of Commons in our Duty 

* and Affedion to your Majefty, in our Steadinefs and Refo- 
' lution to fupport your Government ; may they continue, 


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( 28o ) 
AaBoS.Ofee.L ' With like Applicatioii and Diligence, to extend Trade and 
^^•^j^ ^ * Commerce, the true and natural Source of Wealth and 
Plenty in thefe Kingdoms ; and we ihould think ourfelvo 
happy, if even our Miftakes might Be of Service to yoa 

* Majcify, by beii^ a Warning to thofe that come after us: 

* And that when the Wifdom of- your Majefty's Councik, 
^ and theSteadinefs of your Adminiflralipn, fhall have rdbr'd 

* Credit to its former iiounfliing Condition, they may not 

* ffow wanton with too much Profperity, but may proceed 
' with fuch Caution • and Prudence in their Endeavours to 

* leffen the. National Debt, as may put it out of the Power 

* of any Set of Men to produce Mifery and Diibiefs, hm 
' what ihall be propos'd for the Eafe and Benefit of yoor 
' People : And that, by the Bleffing and Affiftance of Divke 

* Providence, they may fo efFedually unite the Afledions of 

* your People, and finnly eftablifh- your Majeity's Throne, 

* That the Scepter may not depart from your Royal Hottfcy 

* nor a Lamjgi'ver from het^Meen your Feet ! that the ancient 
' legal Conftitution of this Kingdom, in King, Lords, and 

* Conmions, may be perpetuated in your Majefty and your 

* Royal Pofterity, till Time fhall be no more. 
* Your Majefty having been, at different Times, in tk 

' Courfe of this Seffion, gracioufly pleased to accept fach 

* Supplies, as your Cdmmoils offer'd to your Majefly for the 

* Service of this Year, they do now humbly pray your Afe- 

* jefly's like gracious Acceptance of a Bill they have prepar'd 

* for difcharging the Debt of the Navy, intided, jin ASftr 

* paying off and cancelling one Million of Exchequer Bills, &c.' 

After this the King gave the. Royal Aflent to the faid 
BiU ; alfo to a Bill, To enable the South-Sea Company to dif- 
pofe of the EffeHs in their Hands by Way of Lottery or Suh- 
fcription, &c. Alfo to feveral other publick, and private Bilis. 
* After which his Majefty made the following Speech. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
«**S?inES^ " \/^^*^ could not have given me a more acceptable Ito- 
toffsfl^fttfiia- " X ftance of your Zeal and AfFedion, than by dHpatch- 
"*"* ** ing, with io much Unanimity, the feveral Particulars I 

" recommended to you at the Beginning of this Seffion, for 
** the Eafe and Advantage of my People. 

** The many and great Encouragements you have given to. 
** our Trade and Manufactures, and the Provifion you have 
** made for our being fupply'd with naval Stores from our 
** own Plaitations, w3l, I make no doubt, excite the Ib- 
** dufby of my Subjeds, employ a greater Number of the 
** Poor, encreafe our Navigation, and be a confiderablc Ad- 
•* dition to the Riches and Strength of this Nation. 


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( i8« ) 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commonsi 

** The raiiing the current Sironlies of Ac YeftTi aiyi the 
*• making a Proviiion for the Diicharge (Jf fo.confiderable a 
** Part of the Debt of the Navy, is a farther Proof of your 
•* Afledion to me, and your Regard for the Publick ; and 
** doing it in a Manner fo little burthenibme to my People 
*< gives me the greated Satis^^on. 
My Lords and Gentlemen, 

^ I <:annot Jb Juftice part with this Parliament, without 
•' returning you, my iincereft Thanks, for your fteady and 
** refolute Adherence to my Perfon and Government, and to 
•• the Intereft of the Proteftant Caufe, both at Home an4 
** Abroad. The Enemies of pur happy Conftitution have 
** given the flrongeft and moft honourable Teftimony of your 
*' Behaviour in thefe Particulars, by the implacable Malice 
** which the/ have, upon all Occ^ons, exprefsM againft you. 

** You muft all be fenHble, that they are, at this Junfiure^ 
** reviving, with the greateft Indufoy, the feme wicked 
** Arts of Calunmy and Defemation, which have been the 
•* conftant Preludes to publick Troubles and Diforders ; and 
*' fuch is their Infatuation, that they flatter themfclves the 
•' grofleft Mifreprefentatioiis will turn to their Advantage, 
** and give them an Opportunity of reconunending themfelves 
** to the Favour arfd good Opinion of my People ; but I 
** have fo juft a Confidence in the AfFe^bn of my Subjefts, 
** and In their Reeard for their own Welfare, that I am 
" perfuaded tliey will not fuflfer themfelves to be thus impos'd 
** upon, and betray*d int6 their own DeftrudUon. 

*' For my Part, as the Prefervation of the Conftitution irt 
** Church and State fliall always be my Care, lam firmly 
" deterfiiin'd to continue to countenance fuch as have mani- 
** fefted their Zeal for the prefent Eftablifhment, and have 
" the religious and civil Rights of all my Subjedls truly at 
" Heart ; and I q'ueilion not but that Behaviour, which has 
** juftly recommended them to me, will effedually fecure to 
" them the Good-will of all that are well aflTedted to ray 
•* Government ; and will convince the World, that the Ex- 
•* peftations of thofe are very ill grounded, who hope to 
" prevail with a Proteftant free People, to give up their Re- 
*' ligion and Liberties into the Hands of luch iu are Enc- 
«* mies to both.*' 

And then the Lord Chancellor, by his Majefty^s Command. Th« Pariamtat 
prorogued the Parliament to the 15 th of March : But on ***^'^ 
the loth of the fame Month, a Proclamation was ifRied for 
the Diflblution of this Parliament, and the Calling another. 

Vol, I. Nn SfEECHSS^ 

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( j82 ) 





Fsrft Seffiim ef the Second Par.iiament 
o F 

King George L 

BemgtheSixth Parliament c^Great Britain. 

Aaad9. Oco. t ^""^^ ^ ^ 9^ ®^ Oftobcr, tHe Parliament bdog met 

>7tt< * ■ m ^^ Wmninfter, purfuant to a Prodamation for 

S;;^\i^y^^ tLW thatPurpofe, the King came to theHonfe of Peers, 

««t. ^^1^^ with the ufiial State, and the Conuncms being fcnt 

for up and attending, his Majefty^s Pkafure was fignify'd to 
them % -die Lord ChanceDor, that they ihould return to 
their ftoak ^d chufe a Speaker, and prefent him to his 
Majefiy sim Thorfflay following. The Commons bdng re- 
tnniM acc^idin^y, Mr Polteney*, Member for Heydc^ 

A^speBcer^Mp. made a Motion for chufing Mr Spencer Compton f , Knight 

speakcn^ of the Shire, for Suflbc, their Spe^r, as a Perfcm of kncMoi 

Abilities, and confummate Experience, and in all Re^pc£b 
qiialify*d for fo arduous and important an Employment^ 
whidi he had already difchargM with imiverial Applaufe, in 
the laft Parliamfpt. This Motion was immediately feconded^ 
and beii|g Imported by a great many Voices, he was chofen 
%eafcer, without Oppofition. 

OM^er 1 1 . The King being come again to the Houfo of 
Peers, the Commons prefented their Speaker to his Ma* 
ji%, who, by the Mouth of the Lord Chancellor, fignify*d 
1ms jAj^robation of their Choice. Then the Lord ChanreHor 
«rad his Majefty's Speech to both Houfes, as foUows. 


• jlppMiUd Lord lAiutemtit tf On E^ifi KM^ tfXorkJtiftj Jatmmy 

■*■**-*' * • '' 

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( a83 ) 
My Lords and Gentlemen^ Aom^ omh^. 

** TT Am concerned to find my fdf oblig'd, ^t the opening of i^JI!*** - 
«* X ^^ Parliament, to acquaint you, tliat a dangerous Coa- tJTkiJi^JSa 
** ipiracy has been fyr fbme Time £onn*d, and is ^ car- S^^^^^J^JH^ 
'' lying on, againft my Peribn and Govenunent, ift Favour coadPtrUameiit^ 
« of a Popifti Pretender. J^tltoN JS; 

" The Difcoveries I have made here, the Informations I rfMyer'iPiou 
** have receiv'd fiom my Miniibrs abroad, and the Intetli'* 
** gences I have had from the Powers in Alliance with mt » 
** and indeed from moft Parts of Europe, have given me 
** moft ample and concurrent Proo& of this wicked Pdliga. 

** The Conipirators have, by their Emiflaries, made the 
** ftrongeft Infiances for Aififtance from Foreign Powers, fant 
*^ were difappointed in their £xpe4buions: However^ coa- 
*' fiding m their Numbers, and not diicoitfag*4 hy thor for-*: 
" mer ill Succefs, they rf iblvM once more, ubon their awk 
'* Strength, to attempt the Subverfion of my MO^^cnmiei^ 

'' To this End, they provided confiderableSuimof Money, 
«' engaged great Numbers of Officers from abroad, fecur^d 
^ large Quantities of Arms and AnunnnitioQ, and thought 
** thraiielves in fuch Readinefs, that had not the Confpiracy 
'* been timely difcover'd, ^e ihould, without Doubt, oefoie 
^* now, have feen the whole Nation, and particularly the 
*' City of London, invdv'd in Blood and Conftifion. 

" The Care I have taken has, by the filefling of God, 
^* hitherto pievented the Execution of their traiteroos Pro- 
** jtOs : The Troops have been encamp'd all this Summer : 
** Six Re^ments, uiou^ very neceilaiy for the Security of 
** Lreland have been brought over from that Kingdom : The 
^* States-General have given me AiTmances, "that they would 
** keep a considerable Body of Forces in a Readineis to em- 
^ barb on the firft Notice of their being wanted Jbre, which 
** was all I defir'd of them, being determined not to mt my 
** Teofit to any more Expence than what vna abfolute^ 
«* neceffiury for their Peace and Security. .^ ^ 

** Some of the Confpirators have been taken up, and fe- 
** cur'd ; and Endeavours are usM for apprehending others. 
My Lords and Gentlemen, 

*' Having thus in general laid before you the State of the 
** prefent Confpiracy> I rauft leave to your Confideration 
^* what is proper and neceifiuy to be don^ for the C^iet 
<« sod Safety of the Kingdom. I cannot but believe the 
** Hopes and Expedations of our Enemies are very ill 
^ grounded, in flattering themfelves, that the late Ditcon- 
** teats, occafion*d by private Lofles and Misfortunes, how- 
** ever induftrioufly and maliciouily fomented, are tumtd 
^. into OiAlffcftioni and a Spirit of Rebellion* 

Nn« •*JIad 

y Google 


( »«4 ) 
Aaa»9^Gee.l «< Had I, fincc my Acceffion to the Throne^ crer slU 
** tempted any Innovation in our efhtbliih'd Religion ; had 
** I, in any one Infbmce^ invaded the Liberty or Property 
** of my Sabjeds, I ftiould leis wonder at any Endeavours 
** to alienate the Affedions of my People, and draw them 
'* into Meafures that can end in nothing but their own De- 
" ftmaion. 

" But to hope to perfuadc a free People, in full Enjoy- 
** ment of all that is dear and valuable to them, to exchange 
** Freedom for Slavery, the Protcftant Religion for Popery, 
*' and to (acrifice at once the Price of fo much Blood and 
" Treafure, as have been fpent in Defence of our prefent 
" Eilablifhment, feems an Infatuation not to be accounted 
•* for. But however vain and unfuccefsful thefe defperate 
•* Projefts may prove in the End, they have at prefent (b 
** far the defired EfFed, as to create Uneafinefs and Diffi- 
** dence in the Minds of my People ; which our Enemies 
" labour to improve to their own Advantage. By forming 
*' Plots they depreciate all Property that is vefted in the 
** publick Filids, and then complain of the low State of 
^' Credit : They make an Incr^fe of the National Expen- 
** ces ncceffary, and then clamour at the Burthen of Taxes, 
** and endeavour to impute to my Government, as Grie- 
*' vances, the Mifchicfs and Calamities which they alone 
•* create and occafion. 

'* I wiih for nothing more, than to fee the publick Ex- 
** pences leflcn'd, and the great National Debt put in a 
" Method of being gradually reduced and difcharg*d, with 
<* a ftrift Regard to Parliamentary Faith 5 and a more fa- 
** vourable Opportunity could never have been hoped for, 
*' than the State of profound Peace, which we now enjoy 
«* with all our Neighbours. But publick Credit will al- 
<« ways languifh under daily Alarms -and Apprehenfions of 
•* publick Danger : And as the Enemies of our Peace have 
*' been able to bring this immediate Mifchief upon us, no» 
*' thing can prevent them from continuing to fubjedt the 
** Nation to new and conftant Difficulties^ and Diftrefles, 
•* but the Wifdom, Zeal, and vigorous Refoludons of this 
" jparliament. 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons, 

*' I have orderM thfe Accounts to be made up, and laid 
" before you, of the extraordinary Charge that has been 
*' incurred this Summer, for the Defence and Safety of the 
** Kingdom ; and I have been particularly careful, not to 
** dired any Expence to be made greater or fooner than 
•^ was of abfolute Neceffity. 

** I have likewife ordered Eftimates to be prepar'd and 
«' laid before you, for the Service of the Year enfuing ; and 


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( 2?S ) 

" I hope the fiuther Provifions, which the treafonable Prac- 

** tices of our Enemies have made neceflary for our common 

•* Safety, may be order'd with fuch Frugality, as very little 

** to exceed the Supplies of the laft Year. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

** I need not tell you of what infinite Concern it is to the 

** Peace and Tranquility of the Kingdom, that this Parlia- 

** ment fhould, upon this Occafion, exert themfelves with a 

•* more than ordinary Zeal and Vigour. An intirt Unicm 

*' among all that fincerely wifti well to the prefent Eilabliih- , 

** ment, is now become abfolutely neceflary. Our Enemies 

** have too long taken Advantage from your Difi^rences and • 

** DiiTentions. Let it be known, that the Spirit of Popeiy, 

** which breathes nothing but Confulion to the civil and re- 

*^ ligious Rights of a Proteftant Church and Kingdom, howr 

■* ever abandon*d fome few may be, in deipite of all OUi- 

*f gations divine and human, has not fo far pofleiTed my Peo- 

** pie, as to make them ripe for fuch a fotal Change. Let 

*' the World fee, that the general Difpofition of the Nati<m 

** is no Invitation to Foreign Powers to invade us, nor En- 

** couragement to Domeftick Enemies to kindle a Civil War 

** in the Bowels of my JKingdom. Your own Intereft and 

** Welfare call upon you to defend yourfelves. I fliall 

** wholly rely upon the Divine Protedion, the Support o{ 

** my Parliamoit, and the Affe£lions of my People^ which I 

** (hall endeavour to preferve, by fteadily adhering to the 

** ConitituticHi in Church and State, and continuing to make 

** the Laws of the Realm the Rule and Meafure of all my 

« Aaions." 

O&oher 15. The Houfe began to enter upon Bufinefs, ap- 
pointed and order'd the Sittmg of the Gram! Committees 
for Religion, Grievances, Courts of Juftice, Trade, and 
Privileges and Elections ; and made the ufual landing Ot'^ 
ders ai^ Regulations. When they ^ame to the Conmiittee 
of Privileges and EIe£tions, Mr Hutchefon, Member for Mr Hutehefim 
Haftings, mov'd. That it fhould confift of 36, or fuch other SSSu^^rf- 
Number of Seleft Members as the Houfe fhould think fit, "SSSi^^S^ 
who fhould be empowered to hear, try, and determine the J^JS^'Sj**^ 
Merits of Elections ; and that no other Members^ but fuch je^rks. ^ 
as were chofen by the Houfe, might have Votes in the faid 
Committee. He was feconded by Mr Jefiferies, Member 
for Droitwich, who fhew'd, that this hod been die conibnt 
U&ge and Prance both before and after Queen Elizabeth^s 
Time, and that it had never been otherwife, till the long 
Parliament in 1641, when all Things were in Confuiioni 
bat iwvenhelefs Mr Hutchcfon's Motion was dropt 

: Mr 

y Google 

( 286 } 

Mm9'0»'t, 1^ Speaker having afterwards nportad the lUi^ 

^^7«u to both Houfcs, Mr William Paltency ftood up, and 

JJViw^^ ^ted the difinal Conicquences of the Plot, if it had plosl 

»oj«fc«;»^ the Divine Providence that it had not been timely difcovef 4; 

Sonft^hS^ and mov'd for an Addrefe of Thanks, on the fevend Hca*l 

^^^^ , <jif his M^cfty's Speech, porticalarly to congrataUte his M^ 

jefly on the dmely Difi^veiy of the dangerous and liiinatBid 

Confpiracy againft his Maj^'9 Perfau and Govemmcnt ; to 

cxpreG the juft Deteftation and Abhorrence his ^ithfol Con- 

o^hrtetkefMB. mons had of all fach traiteroos Pradices, and their Indi^ 

tion and Refentment againft the Authors and ContriFeis 

UiJ)oUhg¥m. of them. This was fe(^ed by Mr Doddii^on, ^fenber 

m mnoL ior Bridgwater ; bat Mr Shippen, Member for Newton, 

mov^d, that to the Paragraph, Jfuring bis Mtgtfty^ that bis 

faitbful C9mm9n$ 'would enable bim effeSlually to fvpfrtfi all 

remaining Spirit ef Rebellion^ thcfe Words might be added, 

twitb due Regard N tbe Liberty of tbe'SnbjeS^ tbt Conftif- 

t iion in Cburcb and State, and tbe Laws no'w in Ftree. 

sxrW.wyndkuL He WES feoonded by Sir William Wyndham, Member for 

ifrw.PidtenQr. SomcT&tlhire ; but Mr Pulteney rcply'd, * ThaJt fuch a 

Caufe would be injurious to tbe King, fince it would look 

like making a Condition or Bargain with his Majcfty, and 

tacitly imply, either that the Laws had already been io- 

fringM, or that the Commons were jeak>us left his Majeflj 

ihould, for the future, break in upon the Conftitution: 

Therefore, inftead of the faid Claufe^ he proposed, that at 

the hitter End of the Addrefs, they fhould retOm his Maje- 

fky their Thanks for his moft gracious Declaration, that he 

would preferve the Conftitution in Church and State, and 

continue to make the Laws of the Reahn the Rule and Mea^ 

BftYoQce. fore of all his A^Uoos.' This was feconded by Mr Yonge, 

Member for Honiton : And then the Queftion bekig pot, 

which of the Two Cbufes fhould be made Part of the Ad< 

dreis, it was carry*d for Mr PaHency's Claufe, without any 

Divifion. After this, a Comniittee was appoiaCed to draw 

up the &id Addrefs. 

Mr Juftice Tracy and Mr Baron Price having imiu^t from 

£J!Sfo^&ii- ^^ ^^^ord&f a Bill, To imfv^jer bis Mf^fiy taficure and detSM 

JijSe miu fitcb Ferfons as bis Majefy JhaU fttfpeB are con^iring mgms^ 

c^Aftf6ft«e bisPerfonandGovfrwwt: The fame, upon Mr R.Wa$olc'$ 

Debate tbctcoa. Motiofi, WIS immediately read the firft Time, and CMdered 

to be read a fecond Time the next Morning. 

Oa, 16. The iaidBill was read a fecond Time, and a Mo- 
tion being made, and the Queftion put thercupn. That k 
be committed to a Committee of the who^ Houfe, the &ne 
Mr cafiv. was opposed hy Mr Caefar, Member for Hertford, who ret 

preiented the dangerous Confequences of a Stt^)enfionof thd 
Mahaf Qorpt(4 Aft, to the Rights a»d Libcrticf of Englilh^ 


y Google 

t «87 3 
He was feconded by Mr Huagerfbrd^ Member (cr aaao9.^m.i. 
Scarbrough ; but Mr Bromley, Member for the Univerfity v»^"!^^Vk^ 
of Oxford, faid thereupon^ * That the chief Olijedion agamft Mr HiugoitMd. 
this BiU being in Point of Time, and whether the Sufpenfioo ^■'«'^- 
viras to continue fix or twelve Months, it was more proper to 
debate it in a Committee than in a Hoiife» and therefore he 
was for committing it ; * which, after fome (mall (^pofition, 
was cany'd without dividing. The Houfe beii^ immediate- 
ly rcfblv'd into that Conunittee, and the Earl ofHertford f, Eari of Hcftfiwi. 
Member for Northumberland, placed in the Chair, Mr Spen- M'^co'w 
cer Cowper *, Member f^ Truro, ftood up, and open*d the 
Debate. He declared, * That he and all his Family had 
come as early and as readily into the Revc^ution, and on aU 
Occafkms had appeared as zealous for the preient hap^y Set- 
tlement as any one : But yet he could not be of O^Hnion, 
to tiroft the Liberties of the People in the Hands of ai^ MiV 
uiftry, for fo long a Time as above a Year. That nei- 
ther in King William's nor Queen Anne*s Reigns, nor fince 
his jneient Majeity's Acceffion to the ThwMie, even in Times 
of open and adual Rebellion, the Habeas Corpus' Ad had ever 
been fdTpended for above Six Mon^ ; and therefore he 
moT*d, that ^e prefent Suipenfion might be limited to that 
Term.* He was feconded by Mr Smidi f +, Member for Mr scuti. 
Eaftiow, and Sir Jofeph Jekyll**, Member for Ryegate, who sir j. jdcyfl. 
added, ' That if, at the End of thofe fix Months, th^^ ap- 
pen-ed to be a Neceffity for a &rtker Sufpenfion, he fhouki^ 
and he doubted not but the whole Houfe would, readily 
ccmte into it.' They were anfWered by Sir Robert Raymond f , sirRoUR^^niond. 
Member for Helfton, who, to fliew the Neceffity of the Suf- 
penfion for a whole Year, faid, * That the prefeit Confpira- 
cy being laid deep, fpreading hx and wide, and confiding of 
feverai Branches, it requirM a great deal of Time to unravel^ 
and make a full Difcovery of it.' Mr Worfley, Member for Mr worfkf. 
Ncwtoft[ffiWi/j] having anfWer'd him, he was re^y'd to by 
Sir Wilfred Lawfon, Member for Cockermouth ; after whieh sir warred Uv- 
the Debate was continued between Mr Hungerford, Mr Jef- Mr^HHuferiM. 
fertes, MrHutdwfbn, and MrSbper, Member for Camel- JJl^^^ji. 
ford, whoallfupportcd Mr Cowper's Motion 5 and Mr Pulte- JJlpJRf * 
ncy, Mr Yonge, and Mr H. Pelham, Knight of the Shire for mIyom^' 
SttfTex, who were for agreeing to the Bill without Amend- ^*^ ^^^ 
meats. At laft Mr Robert Wailpole *, Member for Lynn, Mriuwaipok. 


tGtftmnor of TjumouA-Foet^ and Caftsin of the Second Troop tf Guards^ 
Chif-f Jiffiiee rf Cheery and jittotMy-General to tb$ fmec. 
ff^eff the Telkrs of Ae txobtqiur. ' 
•* Ma^er of the Rolb. 
J Mtmtev^emral. 
• QfOMtlhr and XJpdtv-Treafwrtr of tht Exeh$qi(tr, 

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[ 288 I 
hid before the Houfe fome Pardcukrs of the deteMk 
I and dangti'ous Con^iracy, which (or fbme Time paft hd 
been, and was fUll carrying on, for the utter Subvorfion of 
the prefent happy Settlement. He faid, * That this wicked 
Defign was form'd about Chriftmas laft ; that the Confpira- 
tors had at firil made Application to fome Potentates sd>roa(i, 
for an Affiflance of 5000 Men : That being deny'^d, they 2^ 
terwards, about the Month of April, made farther ApplKad* 
cm and eameil InHances for 3000 Men : That being again dif- 
appointed in their Expedatioos from Foreign AfQftancey they 
lefblved defperately to go on, confiding in their own Strength, 
and fondly depending on the Difafledion in England ; and 
tiiat their firft Attempt was to have been the feizing of the 
Bank, the Exchequer, and fuch other Places where the pob- 
lick Money was lodged : That the Government had undoubt- 
ed Informations of this Plot ever fince May lail ; but never- 
thelefs thought fit not to take up any Body, becaufe there 
being then two Terms coming on together, the Cbnfpirators 
would have had the Benefit of the Habeas Corpus Adb, and fo 
the Apprehending them was put off 'till the long Vacation.' 
He added, *.That the traiterous Defigns againfl his Majeily's 
Perfbn and Government had been carrying on ever fince the 
Death of the late Queen ; and that they could prove that 
there had been a Meeting of fome confiderable Perfi>ns, one 
of whom was npjt far off, wherein it had been propofed to 
proclahn the Pretender at the Royal Exchange. That an ex- 
a£l Account of this deteibble Confpiracy would, in due 
Time, be laid before the Parliament : And as to the Buf- 
nefs now before them, tho* it was true, that the Habeas 
Corpus A6i had never before been fufpended for above fix 
Months ; yet, confidering the Lords had made this Suipei* 
£on for a whole Year, if the Commons fhould go about ta 
alter it, the fame might occaiion a Difference between the 
two Houfes, which, at this Time of Jealoufy and Danger, 
might (bund ill in Foreign Courts. 

After this Speech, about feven in the Evening the QueftioD 

being put, that the Bill do pafs as it was fent down from the 

SS^iS?^ Lords, it was carryM in the Afiirmative, by a Majority of 

^AtSeHS^- ^^^ Voices againft 193. Then the Speaker refum'd the 

* Chair, and the Earl of Hertford having immediately reported 

^ the faid Bill to the Houfe without any Amendment ; It was 

read the third Time, and pafs'd without dividing, 

O^. 17. The King came to the Houfe of Peers with the 
AgihM the Royal ufual Solemnity, and the Commons attending, his Majcfljr 
gave the Royal Affent to the faid Bill. 

The fame Day the Houfe prefented their Addrcis to the 
King, as follows : 

, Men 

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( 289 ) ^ 

Anno 0. Geo. h 

Moft Gracious Sovereign, / V.^*>/^"Vi> 

E your Majefty 's moft dutiful and loyal Subje£b, the _ ^ \j 
Commons of Great Britam m Parliament aflem- i,^ 

bled, beg Leave to return our humble Thanks to your 

* Majefty, for your moft gracious Speech from the Throne. 

* It is with Hearts full of Joy we approach your iacred 

* Perfon, to congratulate vyour Majefty, that, by the Blefting 
*• of God, the Deiigns.of your Enemies have hitherto been 

* happily fruftrated and difappointed. 

* We cannot fuificiently acknowledge yout Majefty's Care 

* and Vigilance, and the wife and prudent Meafures you have 

* taken for our Safety, in ordering the Encampment of the 

* Troops, and fending for fuch others from Ireland, as were 

* though^ farther neceflary for the Peace and Quiet of this 

* Kingdom. And it is the greateft Satisfa^on to us, to fee 

* the Readinefs of your Majefty's good Friends and Allies, 

* the States General, to afliftyou with a good Body of Forces^ 

* if there had been Occafton . 

' But anjong all the Steps taken for the Safety of your Ma- 
^ jefty and the Kingdom, none can poftibly equal that of the 
' ipeedy calling your loyal Commons together in Parliament ; 
' who are met determined with the utmoft Unanimity and 

* Zeal, to do every Thing in their Power for the Prefei-vatiott 

* of your Majefty's moft facred Perfon : Nor can lefs be ex- 

* peded from the Gratitude and Affeftion of a free People, 

* fenfiblc that thro' the whole Courfe of your Reign, no In- 

* novation hasr been attempted in our holy Religion, nor the 

* leaA Incroachment made upon the Liberty or Property of 

* any of your Subjedls, and that the full Enjoyment of all that 

* is dear and valuable to them, is entirely owing to your Ma-- 

* jefty 's Government. 

* Tho' the Enemies of our happy Eftabliflunent fliould have 
*• Malice and Boldnefs enough, ftill to be carrying on their 
' traitcrous Deii^, yet we are perfuaded, that all. Uneafi- 

* nefe and Appr^nfions will vanifti, when your feithfiil Com- 

* mons affure your Majefty, that they will enable you effec- 
' tually to fupprefs all remainii^ Spirit of Rebellion. 

* If neither the iacred Obligation of the moft folpmn Oaths, 

* nor the cert^ Mifery they muft bring upon their Country, 

* who would attempt to overturn this Government, can de- 

* tcr them from fuch defperatc Undertakings : If there be 

* any of your Majefty's Subjefts, who are fo abandon'd, as to 

* be ready to exchange the Proteftant Religion for Popery, 

* and Liberty for Slavery ; yet we hope the vigorous Refo« 

* btions 9f a loyal and dutiful Parliament will convince them 

* of the Danger as well as Folly of fuch an Attempt ; and fhew 
' the whole World, that the Generality and bcft Part of 

Vol. I„ O o your 

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( 290 ) 

* your People are fo far from giving any Invitation to foieigi 
« Powers to invade us, that theywill, with their Lives aw 

* Fortunes, fupport your Majefty againft all your Enemies at 

* Home and Abroad. 

* We cannot therefore cxprefs too great an Abhorrence of 

* fuch unnatural Praftices, nor too great an Indignatioi 

* i^ainft thofe who would have made the Capital of this floo- 

* nifhing Kingdom a Scene of Blood and Defolation. Wicked 

* Men I whilil they have the Malice to revile your Govcni- 

* ment, and attempt to overturn it, at the'fame Time have 

* the Infolence to depend upon the Clemency of it f(X thdr 

* Security : While they are fcndeavouring to defboy all Li- 

* berty, they are clamouring that a few of them afc, for the 

* publick Safety, confin'd : Whilft they are attempting tod^ 

* ftroy all Property, they are murmuring at the neceflaiy Taxes 

* given to your Majefty for the Security of it : And whilft 

* they ad againft all Law themfelves, they truft and arecon- 

* fident that, even in their own Cafe, the Laws of the Realm 

* will be the Rule and Meafure of your Adions. 

* We beg Leave to acknowledge, with great Gratitnde, 

* your Majefty's Goodnefs, in aflurmg us, that notwithfaud- 

* ing the traiterous Praftices of your Enemies have made the 

* Increafe of the .annual Expence neceflary, yet Care will Be 

* taken, that the Supplies to be asked for the Year enfuing, 

* Ihall very little exceed what was given for the Service of 
, « the laft. 

* And we affure your Majefty, that we will not only make 

* good, the extraordinary Expences that have been already in- 

* currM, but will, with all Cheerfulnefs, grant whatever Ihall 

* be neceflary for the Safety of the Kingdom ; Being entire^ 

* convinced, that we cah by no other Means reftore publid 

* Credit, and enable ourfelves to attempt the gradual Rcduftido 

* of the great National Debt, with a ftrift Regard to Pariia- 

* mentary Faith, than by doing every Thing in our Power 

* for the Support 6f your Majefty's Government, and the 

* happy Eftablifhment in your Royal Family. 

* And we do with all Humility return your Majefty ow 

* unfeigned Thanks for your moft gracious Declaration, 00 

* which we entirely rely, that your Majefty will fteadily ad- 

* here to our ConlHtution in Church and State, ^d coritinuc 
« to make the Laws of the Realm the Rule and Meafarc of 

* your Adlions. 

To the above Addrefs the King rctum'd the foHowing Aniwer. 
r^^i^r' " T ^^^"^ y°" ^y ^^^^ Thanks for this veiy dadfiit and 
A*iit6«fThamtt. " X loyal Addrefs. The feafonable Declarations of yo«r 

" Zeal and Afii^aion to my Pcrfon and Gbvcrmnent, will, I 

Digitized by ^OOQIC 

( 291 ) 
•* doubt not, contribute very much to the Tranquility and 
** Safety of the Kingdom ; and as I Ihall always Iqok 
** upon my own and the Intereft of my People to be infe- 
" parable, you may be afTur'd I fhall make no Ule of any 
** Power or Confidence that my faithful Commons Ihall place 
" •in me, but in Support of the Conftitution, and in Mainte- 
** nance of the Rights and Liberties of my People. 

OS, 1 9. A Motion being made for a Supply to be granted a supply toted. 
to his Majefty, the fame was referred to the Grand Com- 
mittee. , 

OB, 23. The faid Reiblution being reported, was unani- 
moufly agreed to. 

OB, 26. The Commons in a Grand Committee confi- 
der*d farther of jthe Supply, and Mr Treby having repre- Mr Trebjr moves 
fentedthe Nec^ffity, at this Time of Danger from the trai- tJ^i^^i^ 
terous Deflgns and Confpiracies that were ilill carrying on fo'^Army. 
by the Enemies of the Government, to increafe the prefent 
Standing Forces, and thereupon mov'd for an Augmentation of 
about 4000 Men, the fame occafion'd a very long and warm ^ 
Debate. The chief Opponents to the Motion were, Mr MrShiupcnT* 
Shippen, Lord Morpeth, Member for Morpeth ; Mr Palmer, Jj/p^Pf^- 
Member for Bridgwater 5 Mr Bromley, Mr Barnard, Mem- Mr Bromiw. 
ber for London ; Mr Crowley, Member for Okehampton 5 SJj ^^y. 
Sir Thomas Hanmer, Member for Suffolk ; and Mr Hut- Mr huSS* 
chefon : But they were anfwer'd by Mr Sandys, Member 
for Worcefler 5 Captain Vernon, Member for Penryn ; Mr capt. vemon. 
Eversficld, Member for Horfham; Mr H. Pelham, Mr Dod- ^^^"^^ 
dington. Lord Stanhope*, Member for Lellwithiel ; Mr {JPgJ^Sf*'"' 
Weft, Member for Bodmin ; Mr Smith, Mr R. Walpole, Mr'wcft. ^' 
Lord Middleton, Member for Midhurft ; and Mr Pulteney j MrR?wiipote. 
Th&D theQueftion being put upon Mr Treby's Motion, it was J^pSSSS?^ 
carry 'd in the Affirmative, by 236 Voices againft 164. 
After this, it was refolv'd, without dividing. That the 
Number of effedHve Men for Guards and Garrifcms in Great 
Britain, Jerfey, and Guemfey, for the Year 1723, inclu- 
ding 1859 Invalids, be 18,294 Men, Commiflion and Non- 
Commiffion Officers included. Which Refolution, being 
the next Day reported, was agreed to by the Houfe. 

O/ff. 31. The Commons in a Grand Committee, conii- 
der'd of Ways and Means to raife the Supply, and upon MrR.Waipoicin 
Mr R. Walpole's Motion, it was^unanimoufly agreed to i5„^T^Mnto* 
lay two Shillings in the Pound upon all Lands, Tenements, nefignofiaying* 
Penfions, Offices, &c. Mr Walpole, on that Occafion, ac- t%^v^ 
quainted the Houfe, * That he hoped that Taxj together «»* Nonjurow. 
with the Duty on Malt, and the Million in Exchequer Bills 
O o 2 which 

* Gftftlmaa (f tbt S^amhr to tbc Frm% 

y Google 

Mr Edfocombe. 

Mr RPeUunu 
Mr Hatcheioa. 
Mr Tonge« 
Mr Bromley. 
Cot. Qladen. 

( 292 ) 

wHich the South-Sea Company were to repay to the Go- 

venunent^ would go near to anfwer all the necefiary Expences 

for the next Year's Service ; and to make ap what might 

be deficient, he hinted the laying an extraordinary Tax of 

five Shillings in the Pound on the Eftates of all &oman- 

Catholicks and Nonjurors ; which could not be thought 

either unjuft or unreafonable» confidering the ill Ufe they 

made of the Saving out of their Incomes, which mod of 

them laid out in maintaining the Pretender, and his^Adherents 

abroad, and fomenting Sedition and Rebellion at home.* 

o^JSJl%* November 16. The Lords fent a Meflage to defire a Con- 

tbe cominoai,aiid fereuce with the Commons, which being agreed to, the Ma- 

SS^^^Um*? nagers for the Commons, who were Mr R. Walpole, Mr 

JS^^ii^KT- Edgecombe, Member for Plympton j Mr Methuen, Member 

^^^otnSlns ^^*' Brackley ; Mr H. Pelham, Mr Hutchefon, Mr Yonge, 

thereopon. Mr Bromley, and Colonel Bladen, Member for Stockbridge, 

NsraetofthcMsp being retum'd to their Houfe, Mr Pelham reported the 

gjg^^lj-,^ Con^rence, and that it was to communicate to the Houfe 

'" a Meflage fent to the Lords by his Majefty, under his Sign 

Manual, concerning an original Declaration in Writing 
fign*d by the Pretender himfelf ; together with the faid De- 
claration and a Printed Copy thereof ; and that the Lords 
defir'd the Concurrence of the Houfe to the following Re- 
folutions of their Lordihips thereupbn, viz. * Refblved by 
' the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, in Parliament aflem- 

* bled ; I. That the Printed Copy of the Pretender's De- 
^ claratioo, mentioned in his Majefly's Meflage, be burnt 

* by the Hands of the common Hangman, at the Royal Ex- 

* change in London, upon Tuefday next, at One of the 

* Clock; IL That the Sheriffs of London do caufe the 

* fame to be burnt there accordingly.' 
Then the iaid Report, and alfo the faid Meflage from his 

Majefty to the Houfe of Lords, and the Declaration fign'd 
by the Pretender, and the Printed Copy thereof, and' the 
Refolutions of the Lords thereupon were read. Hereupon 
Mr Sandys mov'd for agreeing with the Lords in the firft 
Refolution, and being feconded by Colonel Bladen, the fame 
To which theCom-^'*'** unanimoufly agreed to. Then the fecond Refolution 
moM agree, with being read a fecond Time, Mr Yonge mov'd for an Amend- 
ment to it, viz. That the two Sheriffs of London fhould 
then attend in their own proper Perfons, and canfe the iaid 
Declaration to be burnt by the Hands of the conmion Hang- 
man ; which Refolution fo amended, was agreed to Nem. 
Con, On this Occafion, Mr Yonge run over the Pretender's 
Declaration, and expos'd the Infblence, Wcalpefs, and Ab- 
furdities of that Libel. Sir William Thompfon*^ Member 

%a Amendment. 

Mr Yong e*s. Sir 
^V. Thomplon's, 
Mr H. Pelham^a, 
and Mr Onllow*s 
ObTervadons on 

• Zicorierof Jjvitim. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( 293 ) 
for Ipfwich, fpoke alfo with great Vehemence on the fame Aimo9. oto.t. 
Topick, as did alfo Mr H. Pelham, who mov'd. That an v^t!I%s^^ 
Addreis be prefented to his Majefly upon that Subjedl. He ^■^^^^*^ 
^vas ieconded by Mr Arthur Onflow, Member for Guildford, 
^^o reprefented the Danger ,of Popery, and animadverted 
on the Audacioufnefs of the Pretender and his Adherents : 
Hereupon, it was refolv'd Nem. Con, That an humble Ad- AnAddj«brotei 
drefs be prefented to his Majeffy, expreifmg their utmoft ««^ <>«•«<«• 
AHoniihment and Indignation at the furprizing Infolence of 
the Pretender, in his late traiterous and prefumptuous De- 
claration ; and to affure his Majefty, that his ^thfid Sub- 
jc&s being fiilly fatisfy'd they hare no other Security for 
their Religious and Civil Rights, but the Prefervation of his 
Perfon and Government and the Proteftant Succeflicm, lare 
determined to fupport, with their Lives and Fortunes, his 
moft juft Title to the Crown of thefe Realms, againft the 
Pretenider and all his open and fecret Abettors. And a Com- 
mittee was appointed to draw up an Addrefs, purfoant to the 
iaid Refolution. 

Nov. 17. Mr Pelham reported the {aid Addreis, which 
being unanimoufly agreed to, the Managers of the Conmions 
were fent to defire their Lordihips Concurrence both to the 
Amendment to one of their Refolutions befbremention'd, and 
to the Addrefs the Conmions had agreed upon. The Lords 
having readily concurr'd, both Houfes went inmiediately to 
Che Palace at St James's, and prefented to his MajeHy the 
Bdd Addrefs as foUows, 

Moft gracious Sovereign, 

W^ your Majefty's moft xiutiful and faithful Subjefb, The joimiwditft 
the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Conmions in ^e wL^^^ 
Parbament affembled, being deeply affefibed with the Senfe g^Jfe]^'*"^* 
of thofe many Bleilings which we have conftantly enjoy'd, 
and hope long to enjoy, under your Majefty's moft juft 
and gracious Government ; and being throughly convinced 
that our Religious and Civil Rights, as wdl as the very 
Being of the Britifli Name and Conftitution, do, under 
God, entirely depend upon the Prefervation of your Ma* 
jetty's Sacred Perfon, and of the Proteftant Succeffion, as 
ietded by Law/ in your Royal Line, are fill'd with the ut- 
moft Aftoniihment and Indigna^n at the unexampled Pre- 
fumption and Arrogance of the Pretender to your Domi- 
minions, in daring to ofter fuch an Indignity to your Ma* 
jefty and the Britifti Nation, as to dedare to your Sub- 

!eds, and to all foreign Princes and States, that he finds 
limfelf in a Condition to ofier Terms to your Majefty, 
and even to capitulate with you for the abiblate Surrender 
I of the Religion ^ Liberies of a fr^e Nation. 

• Howcm 

Digitized by ^OOQlC 

( ?94 ) 
' H(lwe¥e^ great the In&tuadoo of hk Adviiers may be^ 
v^2xc feiiiible nodung couU have rais'd his or their Hopes 
to fo extravagant a Degree of frefumption, but repeated 

< £i)GOura|Qi{ieRt& and Aflivances from the Coufpirators a$ 

* Hoflieft fotUMled on the moft iiyurious ^d grofs Mifrepre* 

* ientatioQs of the Im^ioatioos and AfFedUons of your Nfa- 
' jelly's Subje^s ; and a raih ConcUiiion, that becauib fom^e, 

* from whom it ou^t lea& to have been e^^pedied, had lydke 

* through the (blemn Reftraint of reiterated Oadi^^ ia ord^r 
^ to laife themfelves on the Ruins of their Country ; there- 
' fore the whole Bod^^ of the Nation vyas ripe lor th^ £^me 
' fetal Defe^km, aad ready to exchange the mild and kgal 

* Government of a moft indulgent Priuce, for the bai^ndMs 

* Rage of an attainted Fugitive^ bred up in the Maxim^s of 

* Tyranny and Superflition. 

* Bat we, your Majefty*s moft dutiful and loyal Subj^i 
' reiblve, by a fteady and conftant Adherence to your Go- 
' vemmenty to wipe off thi^ St^in and Imputation froai the 

* Name of Britons ; and to convince the World, that thoi^ 

* wicked Defigns, fbrm'd agrainft your Majefty's Sacred 

* Perfon and Government, wmch the InfoJence of this De- 
' daration proves to be mod real while it aiFe^ to tx^eat 
' them as imaginary, are indeed imprai^cable againft a 

* Princ^relyingf on and fupported by the Vigour and Didy 

* of a Britifh Parliament smd the A^ftions of his Peoj^. 

, ' And We beg Leave in the moil fol^mn Manner, to ^S^ 

«. your Majefly, that neither the impotent Menace of fbrei|^ 

* Afliftance, nor the utmofl Efforts of Domeflick Traitors 
' Ihall ever deter us fix)m flanging 1^ your Majefly with our 

* lives and Fortunes, and fupporting your Majc^y's moft 

* jufl Title to the Crown of thefe Realms, againfl the Pre- 

< tender and all his open and fecr^t Abettors, both at Hope 

* and Abroad.* • 

To which his Bilajefty returned the following Anfwer. 

My Lords iuid Gentlemen, 
S^VS!^"*^' ^ T ^^* ^^ ma«y Thanks for the juft Refentmcnt yo« 
M j^ l^av^ exprefs'd againft the Indignity offer'd to nue and 
« the Britifh Nation. 

** I fhall continue to proted and lupport my good Peq{^ 
<' in the fuU Enjoyment of their Reli^on, LSyati^ ^ 
** Properties, againfl all that ihall endeavour to fuli^c^ them 
** to Tyranny ^ai Superilition. " 

Nov, 25. IiU a Grand Committee, the Commons confid^'d 
*4>n Ways and JMLeans to raife the Supply, and a Moi^on 
was made> That towards raifing the Supply^ and xeimbm:^ 


^ Digitized by 


( 295 ) 
CO the PtiMick the great Expences occafion'd by die late He- a^o i. 
bdliems and Diforders, the Sum of One Hundred Thouiand s^^/^i^tm^^ 
Pounds be raised and Icvy'd upon the real and perfonal Eftatcs MjtiwHnthT*^ 
of all Pkpifb, PopiQi Recufents, or Perfons educated m the ^;;Taif£riSJ,^L 
Popiih Religion, or whofe Parents are Papifts, or who fhall «" ^he Papins', «©- 
pTofefs the Popiih Religion, in Ueu of all Forifeitures already Sfi^^^^**^' 
incurred for, or upon account of their Recufancy, and in ^^' 
lieu of the Rents and Profits of two Thirds of their r^gifter'd ^^^ thereon. 
Eftates for one Year. This Motion was oppos'd by* Sir Wil- sirWiifredUw- 
fred Lawfon, and Mr Hungerford, who fuggefted, ' That M?»ingerfbrrf. 
fuch an extraordinary Tax would carry the Face of Perfe- 
catkm, ^hich was inconfiflent with the Principles and Tem- 
per of the Proteftant Religion ; ' Dr Friend, Member for Dr. rtkod. 
Launcefton, added, * That fome of thde that had their 
Educadbn in foreign PopiOi Soninaries, prov'd fome of the 
bcft Friends to die prefent Government.' To this Mr Yonge Mr T«og^. 
anfwer'd, ' That he knew very little of foreign Education, 
but he doubted very much whether Loyalty to King 
George was taught byTriefts and Jefuits in Romifii Semina- 
ries.' The Lord Gage, Member for Tewk&ury, [w/J© fwas Lord Gage, 
^ed a ^oman Catholick] hereupon faid, * That he believ'd 
moft of the Roman Catholicks to be very loyal Subjeds, tho' 
by their Principles they cannot take the Oath of Supremacy ; 
and therefore his Lordfhip proposed that a new Oath of Al- 
legiuice might be fram'd for them ; Mr Onflow fpoke on the Mroniw. 
fame Side, and declared his Abhorrence of perfecuting any 
Body, on Account of their Opinions in Religion.' This was 
anfwer'd by Sir William Thorapfon, who ftated the Notion, sir w.Tkompfon. 
in his Opinion, of Perfecution, which was only when any 
one is pimiih'd for his particular Opinion in Religion, and 
for ferving God according to that Opinion and the Didates 
of Confoience : But added, * That was not the Cafe here, 
for the extraordinary Tax now intended to be rais'd upon 
the Papifts, was not a Puniihment for their being Roman- 
Catholicks, but on Account of Penalties they had at divas 
Times incurred, for being Enemies to the Civil Government, 
raifoig Rebellions, and contriving Plots againft the State.' 
He was rej^ied to by Lord Gage, Who was anfwer'd by }^^^ Ga?e. 
Mr Horatio Walpok, and he again by Mr Hungerford. MlHungcXd." 
At liaft Mr R. Walpole flood up, and reprefented the great Mr a. waipoie. 
Dangfers this Nation had been in, ever fmce the Reforma- 
tion, from the conftant Endeavours of Papifts to fubvert our 
happy Conftitution and the Proteftant Religion, by the moft 
cruel, violent, and unjuftifiable Methods ; that he would not 
take upon him to charge any particular Perfon among them 
with being concem'd in the prefent horrid Confpiracy : But 
that 'twas notorious to the whole World, that many of them 
had been ^gag'd in the Prefton Rebellion^ and fome were 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 


die HooTe j upon 
food Debate. 
Mr Latwrche. 
Mr Hnagerford. 


Mr Lowndes. 
Capt. Vernon. 

be brought in, in 
abore Motion. 

Petition from tbc 
8. 8. Company, 
rdatint to the 
Bffoiety of their 

Debate thereon. 


[ '96 I 
executed for it ; and the prefent Plot was contriv'd at Rome, 
and countenanced in Popifh Countries ; that many of the 
Papiib were not only Well-Wilhers to it, but had contii- 
butcd large Sums of Money towards canying of it on ; and 
therefore he thqpght it vety reafonable, fince they made fuch 
ill Ufe of the Savings of the Incomes of their Eilates, that 
the fame ihould go towards the great Expeiice which they and 
the Pretender's Friends had put the Nation to.' Then the 
Qucftion beii^ put upon the Motion above, it was carried 
in the Affirmative by 217 Votes, againft 168. 

Nov, 26. The above Refolution was reported, and the 
Queilion being put, That the Houfe agree with the Com- 
mittee, It was veiy vigoroufly oppos'd by Lord Gage, 
Mr Lutwyche, Mr Hungerford, Mr Sloper, and Sir J<^eph 
Jekyll, which laft took Notice, * That tho* the Law for 
taking away two Thirds of the Efbtes of Popifh Reco- 
iants, which was made in Queen Elizabeth's Reign, was a 
juft Punifliment the Roman- Catholicks drew upon themfohres 
by their £^uent Confpiracies againfl her Life and Govern- 
ment ; yet neverthdefs, fuch was the Wifdom and Mode- 
ration of that excellent Princefs and of her Minifters, that 
they never put that fovere Law in Execution ; and finoe thofe 
great Virtues ihone no lefs brightly in his prefent Msyefly, 
than in Queen Elizabeth, his Royal Predeceflbr, he wiih'd 
he could fay the fame of thofe who have the Honour to fervc 
him.* Mr Weft fpoke likewife againft the Refolution, 
but was anfwer'd by Mr Lowndes *, Member for EaMow, 
Captain Vernon f , Member for Penryn, and Mr R. Walpdc, 
fo that the Queftion being put thereupon, it was carried 
by 188 Votes againft 172 ; and a Bill was order'd to be 
brought in accordingly. 

Decetnher 12. A Petition of the South-Sea Company was 
prefented to the Houfe by Sir John Eyles *♦, Member for Chip- 
penham, and read, letting forth. That they labour'd under an 
infupportable Burden, from which they pray'd to be reliev'd 
by tJiis Houfe ; and that they wene content to convert Part 
of their Capital into Annuities, redeemable by Pariiament, 
transferable at, and payable by, the faid Company. Here- 
upon Mr R. Walpole inform'd the Houfe, That his Ma- 
jefty had been acquainted with the Subftance of the faid Pe- 
tition, and had commanded him to acquaint this Houft; 
That his Majefty gave his Confent that this Houfo fhould 
proceed to the O)nfideration of the faid Petition, upon Con- 
dition that the faid Company fhould convert one Moiety of 


• Secretary to the Treaftcy 

f A Captain cf a Man'rf War, 
•* SHb-Qmermir tf the *. 

Digitized by ^OOQIC 

( 297 ) 
tl^cir Capital Into Annuities. Then Come Claufes in the A£i ^''^^^ ^ 
of Parliament of the Seventh Year of his Majefly's Reign, v.,A\?*v^ 
intitled, an A&, For making federal Pro*vifions to reftore the 
publick Credit^ fwhicb fuffers by tht Frauds and Mi/manage^ 
ntent of the late Dire£tors of the South-Sea Company and 
ctbtrsy were read, and a Motion being made, that the Peti- 
tion above-mention'd be referred to the Confideration of the 
Committee of the whole Houfe, who were to confidcr of the 
State of Publiqk Credit and of the State of the National 
Debt, the faid Motion was opposed by Mr Sloper, Serjeant Mrsiopar. 
Pengelly, Member for Cockermouth ; Mr Hutchefon, Mr m?huSS; 
Freeman, and Sir Jofeph Jekyll 5 but being anfwer'd by Sir gfr' j'7^?i 
John Eyles, Mr Methuen, and Mr Robert Walpole, the faid sirjohnEyiei. 
Motion was carry'd, without dividing. Then the Houfe went JJj RfVvJfiS^k. 
into the faid Committee, and a Motion being made for Re- 
mitting the two Millions due from the South-Sea Company 
to the Government, and for converting into Annuities one 
Moiety kj^ their Capital Stock : This was ftrcnuoufly oppos'd 
by Mr Sloper, Sir Jofeph Jekyll, Mr Thomas Broderick, Xif!^]^^Vi. 
Member for Guildford 5 Sir Nathanael Gould, Member for ^?r t B/odcrick. 
Shoreham ; Mr Trenchard, Member for Taunton ; Sir Wil- MrTrenchid. 
frid Lawfon, and Lord Tyrconnel, Memb<h- for Lincohi; sirWiif,;idLaw- 
who were anfwer'd by Mr Hungerford, Sir' John Eyles, Mr Lo^nVrconnd. 
Yonge. Mr Horatio Walpde, Mr Robert Walpole, and Mr ^fSt^ 
William Pulteney. After a Debate that lafted till Seven in ^'aJISpoie. 
the Evening, the Queftion being put upon the iaid Motion, JJJ^^Jjfe^ 
the fame was carried in the Afiirmative by 210 Voices ' •*^«««ner. 
agaiiift 147. 

January 15. Upon a Motion made by Sir John Rulhout, 
Member for EVefham, it was refolved, Nem. Con, That a 
Committee be appointed tp examine Chriftopher Layer, in a Committee ai>. 
Relation to the Confpiracy mentioned in his Majefty's Speech, K chrift^her 
at the Opening of this Parliament^ to be carrying on againft ^y*^* 
Jus Pcrfon and Government ; and order'd. That fuch Mem- 
bers of the Houfe as were of his Majefty's Privy-Council, be 
the faid Committee, viz. The Hon. Mr. Spencer Compton, 
Speaker; Mr Robert Walpole, Sir Jofeph Jekyll, Mr Me- ThdrNamcsj 
thuen, Mr William Pulteney, Mr John Smith, Mr Hampden, 
Lieutenant-General Wills, and Sir Robert Sutton. After An Arfdeft re- 
this, upon another Motion made by Mr Robert Walpole, it i«Jipije« rS^ 
was alfo refolv'd, to addrefs his Majefty, for the feveral bating tiwetoi 
Examinations and Papers relating to Chriftopher Layer. 

Jan, 16. Mr R. Walpole, purfoant to the Addrels of the viTikh «» pre- 
Houfe to his Majefty, prefented to the Houfe feveral original ^iJl^l^S^lf^ 
Papers relating to Mr Layer ; and having deliver'd them in MTjl'ffiJiS^'aSd' 
at the Table feal'd up, Mr Shippen moved. That the Packet J^f^^i^j"*^*" 
be open'd, and the Papers read. He was feconded by Mr Ld Comaiuijl 
Jcfeics ; but Mr Pulteney having reprefented, * That as thofe 

Vot. L P p P^rs 

Digitized by ^OOQIC 

mop- GeO'I* 

Debate on a Bni, 

f$r pnvtnthw 
Framdi and Jthtfrt 
in tht Tttaa*' 

Mr Trenchard. 

Mr Htu^erford. 
Sir Natb. Gould. 

Debate on the 
to the Mutiny-Bill 
by tb<j Lords, 

( 298 ) 

Papers were to be a Guide to the Comroittce appdinted to 
examine Mr Layer, it was improper to make them publick 
before the faid Examination was over ; it was thereapon or- 
dered, I. That the faid Papers be referred to that Ckjmmit- 
tee. II. That the faid Committee meet and fit at fuch 
Time and Place as they thought fit. III. That Three be 
the Quorum of the faid Committee. 

February 8. The Houfe went into a Grand Committee, 
to prepare Heads of a Bill, For presenting Frauds and Ahufei 
in the Tobacco Trade^ &c. aftd confider'd of the Duties and Al- 
lowances upon Tobacco, and what Abatements or Reguladons 
might be made therein. Hereupon Mr Trenchard mov'd, 
' That in order to prevent for the future the Frauds and 
Abufes committed in the faid Trade, there might be a Re- 
Entry of all Tobacco that was remov'd from one Port to 
another, both in England and Scotland ; but that Motion not 
being feconded, was dropt. Then he took Notice, * That 
tho' the Scots were, in many Refpe£b, great Gainers by the 
Union of the two Kingdoms, yet they were very deficient in 
paying their Proportion of the publick Burdens ; that by the 
Treaty of Union they were to pay 50,000 1. per Aunum^ to- 
wards the Malt-Tax, but that, if he was rightly inform'd, 
for feveral Years pafl, they had not paid above 1 0,000 1. and 
therefore he mov'd, that it might be an Infirudicm to the 
Committee to inquire into that Matter. He was feconded 
by Mr Hungerford : But it being reprefented, that fuch an 
Inquiry was very improper in the prefent Jundurc, and 
might inflame the Nation ; Sir Nathanael Gould made a 
Motion, That all Tobacco imported both into England and 
Scotland be put into Warehoufes, and not be remov'd 
from thence without a Pemftt, to prove that the Duty was 
paid ; But it growing late, the farther Confideration thereof 
was adjoum'd. This Affair was, after feveral unavoidable 
Delays on Account of (b much important Bufinefs being 
depending before the Houfe this Seflion, put off to the 5 th 
of March. ' 

Feb. 23. Mr Pulteney, from the Committee appointed to 
exanline Chriftopher Layer and others, acquainted tie Houfe, 
that the Committee had prepared a Report to be laid before 
the Houfe, and defir'd the Houfe would appoint a Day for 
riBceiving the fame : Whereupon it was ordcr'd. That the 
faid Report be received upon the ift Day of March. 

Feb 26. The Bill, For punijhing Mutiny and Defertiony &C. 
being fent back from tne Houfe of Peers, an Amendincnt 
made by the Lords, for inferring in the Preamble the l^um- 
ber of Forces thought proper to be kept on Foot for the 
Year 1723, confiding of 16,449, efFedive Men, Officers in- 
i;hided, and 1815 In\-alids, was read; and a Motion being 
. . "^' ' ~ " made. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( *99 ) 
tn^dc, that tRe Hou(e do agree with the Lords, it occafion'd Anno 9. gco.l 
a veiy warm Debate, \mmy Members urging, * That it in- v^<i?^SL^ 
trench'd on the proper Prerogative of the Commons to grant ^"'^V^^^ 
Supplies : * But at laft the Queilion being put, whether to 
agree or not? It was carried in the Affirmative, by 1 30 Votes 
againfi: ii6» 

March I . Mr W. Pulteney, Chairman of the Committee 
on Layer's Plot, reported the Matter as it appeared to them, 
and read the Report in his Place, and delivered the lame in at .^^ ^^^ ^ 
the Table, with feveral Ai^)eadixes. confidertheRc- 

Marcb 2. The Houfe proceeded to take the aboVe-men- E.mmT^'S^ 
tion'd Report into Confideration, and after the reading of it by ^y*^'* ^*^°'- 
the Clerk, put off the fame to the 8th, and order'd in the 
mean Time, that the Report with the Appendixes be print- 
ed. To thcfe therefore we refer our Readers for the Particu- 
lars of Layer's Scheme. 

March ^, The Commons in a Grand Committee, confi- a farther Propcfi 
der'd farther of Heads for a Bill, For preventing Frauds and ^tsiS^ 
Ahufa in the 7ohacco-Trade^ &c. and came to feveral Refo- 
lutions, which Mr Sandys having reported the next Day, were 
agreed to, without Debate,^ and a Bill order'd to be brought 
in purfuant to the iaid Refolutions, which afterwards p^'d 
into a Law. 

March 8. The Conmions proceeded to take into farther Mr w. Poiteney's 
Confideration the Report from the Committee appointed to J2? abSve'RepSt'' 
examine Chriftopher Layer and others ; and Mr William 
Pulteney mov'd, * That this Queftion might be put, viz. That 
upon Confideration of the Report and the feveral Papers and 
Examinations relating to the Confpiracy, it appears to this 
Houfe, That a deteftable and horrid Confpiracy has been 
ibrm*d and carried on by Perfons of Figure and Diftinftion, 
and their Agents and Infbuments, in Conjun£Uon with 
Ti^tors Abroad, for invading thefe Kingdoms with foreign 
F^ces, for raifing Infurredtions and a Rebellion at Home, 
foReizing the Tower and City of London, for laying violent 
Hands upon the Perfons of lus moft Sacred Majefly and the 
Prince of Wales ; in order to fubvert our prefent happy 
Eftablifhment in Church and State^, by placing a Popifh Pre- ' 

tender upon the Throne.' 

This Motion was feconded by Sir John Rufhout, and Mr Debate thereon. 
Thomas Broderick ; but Mr Shippen, and Mr Bromley en- S^^r^BSdlrick; 
deavour'd to extenuate fome Matters, which, in their Opi- Mr swppen. 
nion, were couch'd in too ftrong Terms, as not being dearly ^^ ^^^^ ^' ' 
prov'd. They faid, ' They <Sd not doubt of the Confpira- 
cy, for they believ'd there had always been one carrying on 
againft the prefent Settlement, ever fince the Revolution : But 
from what had yet been laid before the Houfe^ it did not ap- 
pear xo them that there was fuch a particular concerted Plot 
f Pp 2 i aa 

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( 300 ) 
«s was mention^ in the QudUcm above-mendon^d. Sir 
_ Jofcph Jckyll faid thereupon, with a great deal of Warmth, 

Sir J. jekyu. < That he could not with Patience, and with his ufoal Mode; 
ration^ hear the Truth of this deteftable and horrid Conipi- 
racy call'd in Qiieffaon, afto- fo many undeniable Proofs. 
But, added he, as there are Peo{de who know nothing of the 
Plot, and yet believe it, fo there are others that know the 
whole Plot, and yet pretend not to believe it." He was an- 

Mr jcfferiffc fwer'd by Mr Jefferies, who, in particular, excepted againft 
thefe Words in the Queftion, via. Fdr Laying 'violent Hands 
s^n tht Per/on of bis moft Sacnd Majefij cmd the Prince of 
Wales ; becaufe it a(^)earM by the Report, that the Confpi- 
rators only meant the Seizing or Affaulting the King*s Perfon, 

ifra Wiipoic. ^^ j^^ Yie was replied to by Mr Horatio Walpolc, who 
feid, * He was amazed to hear fuch Words come out of the 
Mouth of a Lawyer, and a Member of that Houfe ; bat 
fince he had forgot his ProfeflTon, and the Place he was in fo 
iar, as to make fo iinall a Matter of Seizing the King's Per- 
fcm and the Heir Apparent, on whom all that is <kar and 
valuable to Engliihmen, both as Men and Chriflians, entirely 
depends, he muft take the Liberty to tell him, that much 
lefs than feizing and aflaulting the Perfpn oS the King or 
Prince, is by our Laws look'd upon as an Overt-Ad of Hi^- 
Treafon.' Then the Queftion, as proposed by Mr Pul- 
teney, was carried withopt dividing. 

sir Robert Rav- After this. Sir Robert Raymond mov'd, That it appean to 

tnoml moves the ^ .»«•/• i t -t n.* % % i • • i • 

Houfe gsiiiiftjohn this Houfe, that John Plunket has been a prmapai Agent 

rnm^iJ^r'''" and Inftrument in the faid horrid and deteftable CodJMracy, 

is whicrfiiii of ^^ ^^ carried on feveral treafonable Correipondoices to pro- 

Paitwai^ penal- curc a foreign Force to invade thefe Kii^oms, to raifc In- 

D?b!ueror^^dto fulredtions and a Rebellion at Home, ahd was engaged with 

^^E^.*" others in the villanous and execrable Defign of laying vident 

Hands ujxm his Majefty's mdl Sacred Perfoo. This Queftion 

being likewife carried without a Diviiion ; Sir Robert ^^ 

mond naov'd again. That Leave be given to bring in a BR, 

T<? infli£l certain Pains and Penalties en John Plunket. He 

Mr oq^w. was i^conded by Mr Onflow, but tho' the faid Motion was 

wannly opposed, yet after fome Debate it was carried 

by a Majority of 289 againft 130, that the iaid Bill be 

. brought in ; and then the Houfe adjoum'd 'till the 1 1 th. 

sirPhiUpToritt March 11. The Houfe refum'd the adjoum'd Confiden- 

wove* t^HJj^ tion of the Report from the Secret Conunittee, and Sir Philip 

JSijf afS^c- Yorke * openM the Debate in a Speech, wherein he partica- 

Lay^^Md'i BHi ^^^Y enlaced on the Share Mr George Kelly alias Jolmfon, 

of Pains and Pe- jj^ jn the traitcrous and deteftable Confpinicy, and then 

n.>ltjes IS thereupon , i i . ,^ «. . n-ii ^ /« i- • f ^\. 

E>s*d to be propos d this Quefticm, viz. That upon Connderation oi toe 
gb«»«a8«aa i^ppQyj from the Committee, appointed Co examine Chnfto* 


^ • • SdUicttor-GeiUfdL 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( JOI ) 

pher Layer, and others, and the feveral Papers and Exami* Anno 9. Ow.i. 

natioDs relating to the Conspiracy, it appears to this Houfe, \ ***^' 

That George Kelly alias Johnfon has been a principal Agent 

and Inftrament in the.faid horrid and deteflable Confpiracy, 

and has carryM on fev^ral treafonable Correfpondences to 

raiie InfiirredUons and a Rebellion at Home, and to procure 

a foreign Force to invade thefe Kingdoms from Abroad : ^^'^^ thewia. 

This Motion being feconded by Mr Sandys, was carry'd ^^^'^^y*' 

without any Divifiwi. Then Sir Philip Yorke mov'd, * That 

a BiU be brought in To infitS certain Pains and Penalties 

upon George Kelly alias John/on^ which was feconded by i^R^waipofc 

Mr R. Walpole. Hereupon Mr Trenchard faid, * That he Mr Trenchwd.* 

thought the propereft Way to proceed againft this Criminal^ 

was in the old Parliamentary Method, by Bill of Attainder, j^ Bromkf. 

there being fufficient Proof to fupport fuch a Bill :' But this JJ^Jjf^^ 

Motion was not feconded. On the other Hand, Mr Brom« ^^ 

ley, Mr Shippen and Mr Lutwyche oppos'd Sir Philip Yorkers Ij ^^^i^^' 

Motion, but were anfwer'd by Sir Jofeph Jekyll, and Mr ^ Taibot. 

Talbot, Member for Durham ; and the C^eftion being put, SnitobJtaUSt 

it was carry'd in the Affirmative by 280 againft 1 1 1 . ^• 

Then Mr Yox^ Hood up, and took Notice, how deeply MrYoonmom 
Dr Francis Atterbury, Bilhop of Rochefter, had been ^^^^ 
concern^ in this deteflable Confpiracy j a^ravating his b^Biihopj^Ro- 
Crime horn his holy Fundiion and lugh Station in the Church roncera*din the^ 
of England, a Church ever confpicuous for its Loyalty ; from S^l^l^^j^ 
the folemn Oaths he had, on fo many Occaiions, talcen to 
the Government, and by which he had abjur'd the Preten- 
der ; when at the fame Time he was traiteroufly confpuing 
to bring him in, upon the Ruin of his Country and of aU 
that was dear and valuable to us, as Freemen and Chriftians : 
Condnding, that as he was a Di(grace to his Order, and 
DHhonour to the Church, fo he might apply to him on this 
Occaii(Hi, thefe Words of the i ft of Ads^ Verfe 20. Let bis 
Habitation be defilate^ and let no Man dwell therein : And 
his Bijboprick let another take. And therefore he mov'd> 
That it appears to this Houfe, * That Francis Lord Biihc^ of 
Bjochefter was principally concerned in forming, diredting^ 
and carrying on the faid wicked and deteftable Confpiracy, 
for invading thefe Kingdoms with a foreign Force, suid for 
railing Infurredions and a Rebellion at Home, in order to 
fubvert our prefent haj^y Eftablifhment in ChuixJi and State, ^^^^ thcr«». 
by j^acing a Popifh Pretender upon the Thrcmc.' Mr Yonge 
was feconded by Sir John Cope ; but they were anfwer'd ^^ J**^ ^^• 
by Sir William Wyndham, who faid, * He faw no Caufe sir w.wyndhain. 
to proceed againft the Biihop in fo fevere a Manner, there Mr sromiey. 
being Kttle or indeed no JEvidence befides Conjedures and M[H5l35^!ik. 
Hearfays.^ He was back'd by Mr Bromley, Mr Shippen, ^;,"Sgl°vJl>a. 
Mr Hutchefon, Mr Hungerford, Col. Stj-angeways, Mr Mrutwychc."' 


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Ajino9> Geo. I 

Dr Frieod. 

Sir Tofcph Jekyfl. 
Mr Talbot. 
Mr fdin Smith. 
M; W.Faltotfj. 

A BUI of Pains and 
Penalties ordcrM 
to be brought in a- 
gainftthc BiAiop 
of Rochellcr. 

Mr R. Walpole 
Bxxres fbranAd- 
dtcb to the King. 
to order Dr Friend 
to be committed 
for High Treafbn- 

Debate thereon. 
Mr Shippen. 
Mr Bromley. 

Sir T. JekyH. 
Mrk. Walpole. 

Ml fti^n. 

M: R. Walpole. 

( 302 ) 

Lutwychc, and Dr Friend: They were repIyM to by Sir 
Jofeph Jekyll, Mr R. Walpole, Mr Pclham, Mr Talbot, 
Mr John Smith, and Mr William Pultency ; and a Motion 
being made, and the QuefHon being put, that the Houfe do 
now adjourn, itpais'd in the Negative by 285 Voices againft 
152 ; after which, the Queftion being put upon Mr YcMt^'s 
Motion, the fame was carryM without dividing. Xhen a 
Motion was made, and the Queftion put. That a Bill be 
brought in. To HnfliB certain Fains and Penalties on Francis 
Lord Bijhop ofRochefter, which after fome Debate, was alfo 
carry *d without any Divifton. 

March 13. Mr Robert Walpole acquainted the Houfe, 
' That he had received his Majefty's Commands to acquaint 
the Houfe, that his Majefty l^ng had juft Reafon to 2q>- 
prchend T>r John Friend, Member of this Houfe, for High- 
Treaibn, had caufed him to |^ af^rehended, and defirM 
the Confent of the Houfe to his being committed and de- 
tained for High-Treafon, according to an Ad of this pre- 
fent Seffion, intitlcd an Aft, For impo<wering his Mi^efiy tit 
fecure and detain fuch Perfons as his Majefiy Jhall fuJ^eS are 
confpiringagainfihisPerJon and Government [fee p. 288.J Upon 
whKh he mov'd, that an humble Addrefs be prefented to bis 
Majefty, that he would be pleas'd to give Order for committing 
and detaining Dr John Friend, purfuant to the Aft of this 
Seffion of Parliament for that Purpofe. This Motion was 
feconded and backed by feveral Members : But Mr Shippen 
and Mr Fromley opposed it, faying, * They could not fee 
any Reafon for that Houfe giving Leave for detaining any 
Member, unlefs the Species of Treafon was dedar'd, and 
that the Information was upon Oath.* . Sir Jofeph Jekyll and 
Mr Robert Walpole, lepty^'d, * That by the late Aft for 
foipending the Habeas Corpus Aft, the King was impowerM to 
take up any Perfon he had Reafon to fufp^ ; that therefore 
the Government was not oblig'd to fay, whether the Infor- 
mation was upon Oath or not ; But Mr Walpole added, * He 
did not doubt but Dr Friend was charged upon Oath ; and 
privately declared to feveral Members, that they had pofi- 
tive Proof of his being guilty of the blackeft and l^feft Trea- 
fon.' Mr Shippen then fuggefting, * That Dr Friend's having 
fj^ke fo warmly two Days before, in Mr Kelly's and the 
Bifhop of Rochefter's Behalf, was, in his Opinion, the Rea- 
fon of his being taken up the next Day himfelf^ and that at 
tW Rate, there was an End of the Liberty of Speech which 
every Member oflhat Houfe had a Right to : 'Mr R. Walpdc, 
with a great deal of Warmth, reply'd, • He wonder'd any 
Gendeman could think any Miniihy capable of fo bafe a 
Thing, as to take up any Gentleman for what he faid in 
that Houfe, without any other Caufe, when they knew them- 


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( 303 ) 
fclves to be accountable as well as others for their Adions :' Anno 9. oeo. i. 
Adding, * That they who made fuch Infinuations might \,^J^i^^PLj 
more eafily be prov'd to be Jacobites, than they could make ^*^>^^^^ 
out iiich an Allegation s^nft the Minifhy ; ' Mr Pulteney Mr Puitenex. 
ipoke on the fame Side, and in Relation to Dr Friend's 
fpeaking in Kelly's fiehalf, obfervM* that it was ufual in all 
Confpirades, for one Traytor to endeavour to excufe another.' 
Mr Shippen animadverted feverely upon this Refledlion, fay- Mrshippen. 
ji^ * It was not to be endur'd, to have a Member of that 
Hooie caird a Traytor, before he was convicted as fuch :' 
But Mr Pulteney having explain'd himfelf, that Matter end- 
ed ; and then the Motion for an Addreis was carried without 

March 14. The Commons having refum'd the Coniidera* 
tion of the Report from the Committee appointed to examine 
Chriflopher Layer and others 5 it was refolV'd, * That an xhc hooIc refo!v« 
humble Addrefs be prefented to his Majefty, exprefling the JJiJ^^J^J^^^* 
Indignation of this Houfe againft the horrid and deteftable theicin^ onthe^ 
Confpiracy which had been carry'd on againU: his Ma- ^^^^^^^^^^^ 
jefty's Sacred Perfon, and to congratulate his Majefiy on the 
happy Difcovery of it, and to aiTure his Majef^, that this 
Houfe would proceed, with the utmoft Vigour, to bring thoie 
to Juftice who had been concerned in thefe unnatural Defign^ 
ag^inft their Country, and would efledually fupport his Ma- 
jefty's Government, and would maintain, with all that is dear 
and valuable to them, the prefent happy Eibblifhment. 

A Committee was appointed to draw up this laft Addreis, 
of which Mr Thomas Broderick being chofen Chairman, he 
reported the faid Addrefs to the Houfe on the 1 8th, which 
was then agreed to. 

March 19. Sir Rd)ert Raymond prefented to the Houfe a ^ au, r# mj!m 
Bill, For infilling certain Pains and Penalties on John ^'jj^iit*jl^'" 
P Junket, which was read the firft Time, and order'd to be amd another todw 
read a fecond Time, on the 28th; it was alfo order'd, ^JSftSSJSScetV. 
I. That a Copy of the faid Bill, and of the faid Order, be read the fi^ximc 
forthwith fent to the faid John Plunket, and deliver'd to 
him by the Serjeant at Arms. II. That the Attorney-Ge- 
neral and the Solicitor-General do take Care that the Evi* 
dence againft the faid John Plunket be ready to be produced 
to this Houfe upon Thurfday the 28th. III. That the faid 
John Plunket be allow'd Pen, Ink, and Paper. Then Sir 
Philip Yorke prefented alfo a Bill, F<fr infliiiing certain Pains 
and Penalties on George Kelly, alias Johnfon, which was read 
the firft Time, and order'd to be read a fecond on the ifl of 
April, and the like three Orders in relation to this Bill, were 
made as thofe of the Bill for punlfhing John Plunket. 

March 20. The Houfe prefented their congratulatory Ad- 
drc6 to his Majelhr as follows ; ' 

'--' - - Moil 

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( 304 J 

^^ ^^ Moft gradotis SorereigDy 

AnAdiJdsofCofi- < XTOoT Majcfty's moft dutiful and loyal Subje^by dtt 
ES^Sc^D^ * X Commons in Parliament affembled, do hambly b» 
wyof thcHot. < jLeave to af^noBch your Royal Pedbn with Hearts mS 
' Concern and ^rroor, for the deteftabk Conipiracy fonn'd 

* againft your Perfon and Government. 

* We lament with Indignation, that any of oar Fellow- 
' Snbje^ who enjoy, in common with us, the many and ^d 
' Bleffings of your Majefty's mild and juft Adminiftration, 

* fhould fo hr give themfelves up to Deiuiion, as to confpiic 
' againft pablick Liberty, againft their own Security, tod 

* againft the only Bulwark of all that is dear and valuabk, 

* your Majefty's Perfcm and the Proteftant Succefllon in your 

* Royal Family. 

* We iee with Aftonifhment, that Perfons of Figure and 

* Diftindion, who ought to have been the beft Ju^es, and 
' * moft zealous Defenders of your beneficent and niild Reign, 

* ^ which alone their Fortunes wd Dignities can be made 

* fixure, fhould be fo far infatuated, as to head and abett a 
' monihous Confpiracy to deftroy your Majefty, their Com- 
' try, and them&lves ; that Honour, Faith, and the moft 
' folemn Ties of Religion, fhould be violated in Favour of 
' a Popifh Fugitive, known only for his Uind fiigotry and 

* Attachment to Rome. 

* As we have with feniible Sorrow and juft Refentment, 
« difcover'd thefe vile Pradices, ib will we take Care that 
' the wicked Authors may not, by any Contrivance or Prac- 
' tioe whatfoever, efcape Puniftunent ; but that all Confpi' 

* rators may, by the JulUce of Parliament, be for ever hcre- 

* after deterr'd from engaging in fuch traiterous Attempts. 

' We congratulate your Majefty, and all your good Sub- 

* je^, that you have efcap'd the black and unnatural D^ 
' figns of the worft of Men ; and fhat Almighty God has, 
' by this happy Difcovery, given you and your Royal Fa- 

* mily a frefti inftance of his fingular Care and Prote^ion. 

* For us, your ^thful Commons, who feel with Joy and 
• ' Gratitude the ineftimable Blefiings of your Reign ; who ate 

* fenfible of the gk)rious Advantages of Liberty and of tbc 

* Proteftant Religion ; and have in Abhorrence the Mifeiief 

* and Slavery inseparable from Popery and a Poptfii Go- 
' vemment ; we will ftand by your Majefly, and efiedi- 

* ally fupport your Government, at the HasKard and Ezpeace 

* of our Lives and Fortunes. 

* We will maintain and defend your Majefly's ri^tfbl 
' and lawful Title to the Crown of thefe Realms, and en- 

* deayour to tranfmit to the lateft Pofterity this happy, fitc, 
' and ancient Conflitution." 


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f 305 ] 

To. this Addrefs the King return'd the following Anfwer : 

Anno 9. Geo. L 

** X Return you my Thanks for this dutiful and loyal Ad- ThcKing»iAnftrcr. 
'* X ^fs : It is agreeable to the many Inftances of Zeal and 
•* Affedlion to me, which you have iqx)n every Occafion ex- 
** prefs'd. The juft Refentmcjnt and Indignation /ou have 
•* fliewn againfl this Conspiracy, will, I doubt not, give en- 
** tire Satisfaction to aU that iincerely wiih well to the pre- 
•* ,fent Eftabliftment, encourage the Friends to ts^y Govern- 
** ment, ai^d deter the Enemies of our common Peace from 
** renewing theferalh and delperate Attempts." 

March 22. Mr Yonge prefepted to the Houfe a Bill, For rhe^m,romm 

, ^._. • 7» • ? ?> » . r\ r* • jt rams and Pemlttts 

tnflicttng certain ratns and renaittes upon Or rrancis After- •ntbtSijbtfo^Ro- 
hury, LordBiJhopofRochefter\ which was read the iirftTime, '^j^ **" 
and order'd to be read a fecond, on the of April. 
It was alfo orderM, I. That a Copy of the faid Bill and 
of the faid Order be forthwith (ent to the faid Lord Bifhop 
of Rochefler, and delivered to him by the Serjeant at Arms 
attending this Houfe. II. That Mr Attorney-General and 
Mr Solicitor-General do take Care that the Evidence a- 
gainft the faid Francis Lord Bifhop of Rochefter, be ready 
to be producM to this Houfe, upon the 4th of April. 
III. That the fiiid Francis Lord Bifhop of Rochefler be al- 
lowed Pen, Ink, and Paper. 

The fame Day, the King came to the Houfe of Lords, 
and the Commons attending^ his Majcfly gave the Royal Af- 
ient to an A6t, For re'vi'ving and aiding t'wo Mi/lions to the. 
Cttpital Stock of the South-Sea Company, and for reviving 
proportional Part of the Yearly Fund payable at the Exche-^ 
quer, and for dividing their vjhole Capital^ after fuch Di^ 
vifion made, into t^o equal Partt or Moieties i and for con-^ 
verting one of the faid Moieties into certain Annuities,, fhr 
the Benefit of the Members^ and for fettling the remaining 
Moiety in the faid Company, fcff. (Scejp. 296.} 

March 23. A Petition of George Kelly, Clerk, Prifoner BttWon of dorgc 
VOL the Tower of London, was prefented to the Houfe and §?hL co^TnfcT^- 
read, praying that he might be heard 4>y himfelf and Counfel ^jt^^^^l^ 
againft the Bjll, For infilling certain Pains and Penalties P*iuiltiuut>mbmi 
ifan him, £sff. before the fame fhould pafs into a Law; "^^^^^^^^^ 
and that this Houfe would affign Sir Confhntine Phipps and 
Serjeant Darnell for his Counfel, and Mr Hugh Watfoa 
for his Solicitor j ai!d that they might have free Accefs to 
him, to receive his Inflruaions in private ; and that he might 
have the SujKmons of this Houfe, for fuch WimefTes as ho 
fliould think nccef&ry. The Prayer of this Petition, the lafl 

Yoi.t , Qji of 

Digitized by ^OOQIC 

( 3o6 ) 
Anno 9. Geo. I. of all cxcepted, was gtanted ; and an Order thereupon made 
^^^^■K^L;^^ accordingly. 

March 25. Mr Speaker acquainted the Houfe, That he 
had that Morning received a Letter from the Lord Bifhop of 
Rochefter, that his Lordihip having received a Copy ^ a 
Petition of the Bp Bill, For irtjliciing certain Pains and Penalties upon him^ for 
fiJJ^pS^'*'* fuppos'd Crimes of which he was innocent, he hop'd he 
which is alfo grant. ^^^ \^ allow'd to have Sir Conftantine Phipps, and William 
Wyiine, Efq; for his Counfel, and Mr Jofeph Taylor, and 
Mr William Morrice, for his Solicitors to aflift him, in order 
to the making his Defence ; and that they might have free 
Accefe to him to receive his Inftrudions, and grve him tfieir 
Advice in private ; which was granted. 
APctitionofGcofie March zj. A Petition of George Kelly, Clerk, Prifpner 
theii'coS iiJi^ in the Tower of London, was prefented to the Houfe, and 
hJm%S'S^«S ^ad, praying, that the fecond Reading of the BiD, For in- 
IcdUd. fiiSiing certain Pains and Penalties upon him^ might be put 

oiF 'till the 8 th of April j and that the Depofitions upon Oath, 
of Mr Michael Birmingham, Surgeon, and Melfieurs Baik 
and Borgonio, Merchants, who reiided at Paris, to be taken 
before a publick Notary, or before fome or one of the Britifh 
Reifidents there, and alfo the Depoiition of Mr Gordon, 
Banker in Boulogne in France, to be taken upon Oath before 
the chief Magiftrate of the faid Town, or a publick Notary 
there, might be admitted to be read at the Bar of this Houfe, 
Mr itatfcrfbrd. as Evidence for the Petitioner. Mr Hungerford, Sir William 
Mr PaW."*^- Wyndham, Mr Palmer, and Mr Ship'pen fpoke in Behdf of 
M- R '{fajok* ^^ Petition ; but being anfwer'd by Mr Robert Walpole, 
Sir j.jej^ Sir Jofeph JekylJ, and Sir William Thompfon, it Was carried 
&f w. Thompfon. without dividing, that the faid Petition be rejefted. 
The Bill againft March 28. The Bill, For infixing certain P^ins and Pe- 

lf:^on^T^^^L'"'H'' ^tonjohn P Junket, was, according to Order, read a 
ie1iS*thc^Bai^' ^^^^^^ Time ; and tho' Mr Plunket did not think fit to 
coinmiued. make any Defence, yet the Commons proceeded, and 6ie 

Couhfel for the Bill produced Extradb of feveral orig^naT 
Letters from Abroad, giving Intelligence of the Confpiracy. 
. ^ And the Counfel having fumm'd up the Evidence, and being 
withdrawn, Mr Speaker opened the Bill, and the QucIHon 
being put, That the faid Bill be committed to a Committee 
of the whole Houfe, the iame was carry'd without dividing. 
Debate (sMicttniiig March 29. The Commons went in^o a grand Comrttittee 
PiunUt'sPunHh- ^pQjj jjjg 3|ij^ p^^ infliaing certain Pains and PemMts 

upon John Plunket. Mr Onflow being plac'd in the Chair, 
feveral Letters and other original Papers, ^rov'd by feveral 
WitnefTes to be Mr Plunket's Hand- Writing, were l«ad, as 
was alfo a Letter fronV the Pretender, and feveral otier 
Letters from General pilfon to Plunket ; all which clearly 
evincing, that he had a principal Share in the contriving 

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( 307 X 
and cariying on of the Confpiracy ; Mr Miller mov*d, that Anno 9. cco. t 
the Pains and Penalties, for -which a Blank was left in the ^.^^y^'s^ 
Bill, might extend to Death ; urging, * That, in his Opinion, Mr Miller. 
there was.fufficient Proof to convidt him of High Treafon, 
even in Weftminfter-Hall. He was feconded by the Lord Lord ^w^ton. 
Vifcount Middleton, Sir John Rufhout, Mr Clayton, Mr Mrcuyton. 
Sandys,. Mr Walter Chetwynd, Mr John Chetwynd, Sir M;w?&twynd. 
Wilfred Lawfon, and many others ; but they were oppos'd Ijf ^^lTw"^ 
by Mr Robert Walpole, Mr Horatio Walpole, Mr Thomas /* 

Broderick, and Sir Jofeph Jekyll, who alledg'd, ' That the Mr h! waipjil* 
filling up of the Blank with Death would be a Kind of ^Ijfi^T"^ 
Deceit put on the Prifoner, becaufe a Bill of Pains and 
penalties was generally underftood not to reach Life, and 
that it was to ^ fuppps'd, the Prifoner took it in that Senfe, 
otherwife he would have made fome Defence.' The Mem- 
bers who were, for Death, feeing the G)urtlexs of a contrary 
Opinion, would not divide the Houfe ; and then Sir Robert 
liaymond raov'd, • That the Pains and Penalties mighr. be sir Rob. Rajrmond. 
Imprifonment in fome Part of Great Britain, during the 
Plcafure of his Majefly, his Heirs and Succ^fTors ; Forfei- 
ture of his EiHte ; and that his Attempting to make, or 
any others favouring, his Efcape, be made Felony :' The 
Queftion being put thereupon, it was carry'd in the Affirma- 
tive by z8o Voices agaii^ 91. 

JfpH/ I . The Commons being acquainted, that Serjeant 
Darnell had declined appearing at the Bar of their Houfe as 
Counfel^for George ^Kdly, being engaged in Buiinefs at the 
AiSzes in SujQTex, it was oider'd. That Fettiplace Nott, Efq; , 
be allowed Cbunfel for the faid George kelly, inilead of 
Mr Serjeant Darnell. 

Jpril 3. The Commons in a Grand Conrniittee confiderM Debate concemins 
of theP^ins.and Penalties to be infUded on George Kelly, pS^S"^** 
and after fome Debate, it was refolv'd, by 224 Voices 
^gm^ 1 1 2, that his Punifhment fhould be jthe fame as John 

Jpril i^, The Biihop of Rocheiler's Tryal being to come TheBahopofRo. 
on that^^toi^g, his Lordihip fent a Letter to Mr Speaker, SSd'^^^fefcnce 
whkh he defir'd might be communicated to the Houfe j h<^ fCwnm ^ 
a|Kl accordingly, Mr Speaker read the faid Letter, con- 
taii^ng in Subil^nce, ' That his Lordihip, tho' confcious of 
' his pwn Ini^ocence, did, on feveral Accounts, decline giving > 

* that Houfe any Trouble that Day, and contented himfelf 
' with the Opportunity, if the Bill went on, of making his 

* Defence before another, pf which he had the Honour to 
' be a Member. ' Notwithiianding this Difappointment, 
the Commons proceeded in that Affair, ^d the Counfel for 
the Bill being call'd in, and the Bill read, the Counfel 
ppqji'd the Evidence^ and product a Scheme^ taken amongd 

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( 3oS ) 
AcAt9.GM.L Mr Laycr*s Papers, which was read ; as were alfo ievcral 
\^^^m,r^Lj Copks of Letters ftopp'd at the Poll-Office, Then the Coon- 
^^^^^*^ fcl examin'd fcvcral WitneiTes, to make good the Allegations 
of the Bill 5 produced feveral Papers taken at his-Lordihip^s 
Houfes at Wefbninfler and BronUey ; as alfo a Packet taken 
on one of his Lordfhip*s Servants at the Tower of London ; 
and examin'd two Witneflcs ; one to prove, that a Letter 
and Paper contained in the faid Packet were his Lordihip*s 
Hand^ Writing ; and the other to prove, that a Letter di- 
redled to Mr Dubois, taken amongft his Lordfhip*s Papery 
at the Deanry at Weibninfler, was feal'd with the fame Seal 
that the Letter taken on his Lordfliip's Servant at the Tower, 
was feal'd. Then the Connfel fumm*d up the Evidence, and 
being withdrawn, Mr Speaker open'd the Bill, which was 
committed to a grand Committee for the 6th Infbmt. 
Debate on the third jipril ^. The engtofe'd Bill for punifhing Plunket was 
i^iSilS^" read the third Time ; and the Queftion being put. That the 
Bill do pais, the fame was fhenuoufly oppos'd by Sir WiILizm 
sirw.wyndham. Wvndham, who was feconded by Mr Shippen and Mr Ket- 
itSSS^. debys but being anfwer'd by Mr Robert Walpole and Sir 
Mr R. Walpole. J^^^P^ ]^^% ^^ QuefUon was carry'd in the Affirmative 
Sir J. jekyiP^* by 250 Voices againft 72. Hereupon the iaid Bill was 
itpaflestheHoufc. order*4 to be carry'd up to the Lords. 
TheBfliMainft April 6, The Bill for punifhing George Kelly alias John* 
2°t2?Houic. ^' fon, was read the third Time, pafs'd, and fent up to the 
^Lords \ and then the Commons went into a Grand Commit- 
tee upon the Bill, For inftiSing certain Fains and Fenakies 
upon Francis Lord Bijhop of Rochefter, Whefr it came to 
the filling up the Hank for Pains and Penalties, the Court- 
Party mov'd. That he fhould be deprived of his Office and 
Debate eoncemiM Benefice, banifhM the Kingdom, be guilty of Felony if he 
^B^^p^o- retum*d, and that it fhould not be in the King's Power to 
cbefter. pardon him without Confent of Parliament ; but without 

Mr uwfcn. Forfeiture of QoqA& and Chattels. Hereupon Mr Lawibn 
reprefented, * That the Evidence againft the Bifhop being all 
either Hearfay, or C6nje6hire, and therefore not to be de- 
pended upon, he ought to have no Punifhment at all.* Mr 
ftfr Og^tbo^e. Oglethorpe was of the fame Opinion, but gave it another 
Turn ; He faid, * It was plain, die Pretender had none but 
a Company of filly Fellows about him ; and it was to be 
fear'd, that if the Bifhop, who was allowed to be a Man of 
great Parts, fhould be htnifh'd, he might be follicited and 
tempted to go to Rome, and there be in a Capacity to do 
more Mifchief by his Advice, than if he wasiufier^d to flay 
in England, under the watchfiil Eye of thofe in Power/ But 
the Queftion being put upon the M Motion, it was carried 
without any Divifion, "'\ ~ 

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( 309 ) 

April <^. The engro(s*d KU to inflid certain P^uns and Pe- Aiino9. oeo.i, 
nalties on Francis Lord Biih(^ of Rocheflcr, was read the s^^y^iTJi^.^/ 
3d Time, pafe'd, and fcnt up to the Lords. mai^iwi 

April 27. Mr Lowndes prefcntcd to the Hoofe a Bill, For SJ^J^P'^ 
laying a Uax ttpon Papifts ; which was read the Mk Tiifie^ 
and order'd to be read a fecond Time on the 3d of May. T^SSifpiS?* 

May 3. The above Bill was read a fecond Time, and readtwice. 
committed to a Committee of the whole Houie. 

May 6. The Commons being in a Grand Committee on 
the BUI, For laying a Tax on Papifts, Mr Latwyche fpoke 
againft the faid BiU as follows : 
Mr. Speaker, 

* TheGentlemoo, who have ^ke in favour of this Bill, have Mr tutnyche'* 
lug'd * That fmcethe happy Revolution the Roman-Catho- IEmJ^^ 

* licks have been more or lefs concerned in every Confpraqr 
< againft the Government; fo that if they did not fhew 

* themfdves in the late Confpiracy, it was out of Prudence, 
^ and not for want of Zeal for the Pretender's Caufe/ They 
will not allow, that it is liable to the Objedion of not being 
fuj^ported with particular Fa6b, but fay, with great Proba- 
lulity, ' That the Roman-Catholicks have made laige Om- 
' tributions here at Home, to fend to the Pretender and his 

* Adherents Abroad : And if they are in a Capacity of (up- 
' plying the Neceffities of their Friends Abroad, it is but 

* very reaibnable for them to contribute to the defraying an 
' Expence they have, in a great Meafure, occaiioned at Home.* 

* Upon this general Way of Reafoning, this Bill for railing a 
Hundred Thoufand Pounds upon the Roman-Catholicks has 
been form'd; and a eeneral Charge of this Kind may be a 
fuificient Ground-work for a Preamble to the Bill ; but the 
enading Part ought to be fupported with particular Fa6h 
plainly provM, otherwife we may involve innocent Perfons 

in a Puniihment only due to the Guilty. And though the * 

Legiflature hath fometimes gone upon the Notoriety of the 
Fa^ it is to be hop'd, that this Method may be but feldom 
taken wh^re the 1a£c or Fortune of any Subjed is in Queftion ; 
aothii^ being more uncertain than Heariay, Conjedure and 
fbic*dC6nftru£tions ; which the Law has wifely provided a- 
g^unft by afcertatning fixM Rules to diredi the Judgment of 
the infoior Q)urts of Jaftice. 

* It is likewiie given, as a Political Reafi)n for Failing of this 
HI, * That raiiine this Hundred Thoufand Pounds upon the 
' Roman Catholi(£s will deter the Jacobites Abroad from 
' entering upon fuch rafh Enterprizes, when they find that 

* their Friends here in England are tofuflFer for the Diftur- 

* bancc they give us : And it will alfo ihew them, that the 
f Natkm can put it felf in a State of Security without burthen- 

* ine the SuKeft ; which has been one of Uie chief- Views of 
..'' - - — "-^ • the 

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C 510 ] . 

smt^OBo^h ^UieC^o^iiatDn to aiy Ffwd lod^ X>ifi^9tcnts of t^ 
^ri^m>^ People/ ^tifjioneof d>eie ArguQients jhoqjd pape^j if 
the Notoriety of the Paft docs not conyiiice; nay, if ^ g^eat- 
tAiPivbabiUtxof the Roman-Cathriigks. fending MPI^ A- 
broad can meet jvith no Ccedit ; the LegjUUtore^ ^ they, is 
highly jufiifyM. in poffing. this Xamt for caifiog zpi-jlmidred 
fTAocviand Ponads upon the &>man-Cathp]icks ; 'jSi|is».by 

* the Laws now in bei^as by the A6lsQf Q«e^ Eliz^^eth, 
. * the:Fiift of King^ Geocge, &c.i the-Rom^n-C^lholicks are 

* '£a\ijt6L tq three Times . greater > Forfeitojes thj^ tj^ Tax 

* will amount to : And that the raifipg tf . th^ rHjiQ^red 

* Thoufand Pounds is a Mitigation of the Sevcyily pf tk 

* Law ;.and fo ' &r from being . jcckonVl jl :fi»r^i^p .done 

* them> it ought to be coniiderM an Indulgence in ^Gqyem- 

* me0t.* 
M have iiere thrown .together £osac of the Efa^ODS..w]ud 

Jiavel)een given for paflii^g this BUI; J, think ithofe I teve 
jnention^d are what ib^n'd to one. to make the . grea^t^ . ^pn- 
,peffion^apon the. Houfe, ..when this Matter ^w^SgA 4sif^ 
Thefe Reafons-were likewife enforc-d [See. p. 29 5 j by,a Gen- 
tleman, IMr R,W/ilpole] .whofe Opinion is jmfijy. ^fteem!4.ii^ 
all Paa-liamentaiy Codideratioos. rl will nQW^ a^i^ion ihe 
Ofajadi^ns, which occur taMe agaiail the {^iffipg ot ^as^WL 

* In Aafwer to the general Surmife of the ^ocoan-Catho- 
licks I>iia£&dion to the Government ;: I can't Jielp. obfervii^ 
That this general Cha,rge neither c^n nor. ought to iiSbsSi MJ 
particular Perfon, witkmt Proof of fome particnlar j^9^ ai- 
Jedg'd ag^flhim : And it would be the high^ InjiMlice to 
^nakeone^Manfuffer for the Crime ofat¥)tber. The L^ir 
iuppofing it incumbent upoa every Man to be.ACCQSntaUe 
for his own A£tions,dodi not require what is. not in..^iiy Man's 
Power> -to be anfweraUe £:>r. another; and, I think. I. ina|r 
afErni,' with- great Certainty,, that in no onelnfiance the Laws 
have a4|odg^ a Penalty upon one \Man for the^ Crime of a- 
nother: For though in the . Cafe of High-Tr«iufeii,. tbe 
Blood being attainted, a Son does not attain the. Hqoqpis 
which wopld have deicendcd ta him, if .iiis Fath^ had pdt 
been guilty of Treafon ; yet in> that Cafe. a.Man dpes oq^ 
forfeit a Fee-iimple Fftate, and the Income of an. EAatevci- 
ed in him during his natural Life : But theiligbfft Cirimfis 
and Mifdemeanors can^t avoid a^ttl^ment, to-the Pj^udice 
of an iimocent Perfon. 

< I due rather infill upon the Unreaibnablenefs jofpmiihnig 
ofie Man for the Crime of another, to ihew the Abfurdity 
of a Maxim vMck is laid ddwa for a certain Do^ne, * That 

* becaufe fome of the Roman-Catholicks are fafpoded 8> 
' have been concem'd in the late Conlpiracy, thmiore the 

* wholeBody of the Ro2iian-CathoIick$miift equally bear $he 

• Buxdca 

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B^td^n of a Tax, which fomfe df tHemohly aredled^M to 
have ihadenecdTary.' I Would not be thought tobe atl Ad^ 
locate fbr the Roman-Cathblides; ahy ferther thari common 
fuftice requiura, but I mnrft apjjfeaf tb e/efry one who has 
read the Report of thti Committee appohited to examme 
Layer, Whether it appears there that the Roman-Catholicks 
in general are COncem'd irt the Confpiracy ? Or, Whcthei' 
iny Mention is made in the Report of any one Romans 
Catholick of Confequence, except a Noble Duke, It^e D'uke 
of Nor/hlk'] to \^hom a Letter is fufi^s'd to be writ, intimia- 
ting, as if he knew of the Deilgns carryfngon? HowunjulJ'then 
ivould it be, if the Suspicion of this great Man'sbeingf engag'd 
in traiterous Praftices, at die Hazard of his Life and Fortune, 
fhould give Occaiion to the inflifting die fevereft' Pendries 
upon many innocent Families, who lieither wifli nor can hope 
to better their Fortune by any Revolution of Afiairs. 

* I think. Sir, I have nilly anfWer^d what has been faid for* 
pafling the Bill, upon the general Head of DifafFe6Hon ; but 
one Thing more I will add. That If you impofe this Tax 
upon the Roman-Catholicks, upon a general Allegation, *Tlikt 

* their Religion maintains Principles inconiiftent with theWel- 

* fare of the Government ; ' you punifli them for the Caufc of 
their Religion. And for my own Part, I look upon Perffe- 
cution to be a Doftrine odious in it felf, highly reflcdHng 
upon the Honour of Parliament, and gneafiy infringing uport 
the Freedom of the Subjeft. Nor Would I have hisMa- 
jefty's mild and gracious Reign blcmifh'd with fuch ar mer- 
cilefs AA of the Legiflature, which mu^ neceflarily confittA 
the obftinate in their Errors, and entirely alienate the A flec- 
tions of the well-di^s'd Romaii-Cathoficks. 

We are likewife told, * That the raifing this Hundred 

* Thoufand Pounds upon the Roman-Gatholicks iis done out 

* of a Pblitical Reafon, to deter the Jacobites Abroad from 

* entering upon fuch raih Enterprizes, by making their 

* Friends here in England pay the Expence which the Na- 

* tion finds lieceflary for its own Security.' As this is a 
Matter meerly of Speculadon, and as there is no certain Rule 
tp eo by to know what will be the Confequence of raifinj^ 
iuci a Tax, I will venture to give my Conje6hircs upon this 
Head. I d6 imagine, that as the Pretender's Scheme is unjufl in* 
itfelf, it can be form'd upon no better Hopes than theDifcon- 
tettts of the People ; and the more Room there is for Complaint,' 
the better Profpedt he has of SUccefs : And if it does happen* 
that thefe Complaints are well-grounded, as were the LofTes 
the People fuffer'din the South-Sea, then in fuch like Cafe, 
how much Indufhy is us'd by the Jacobites to aggravate the 
National Grievances ; and to in^ute every Mifchance to the 
in Condud^ of the Government, t am afraid, if the Roman- 

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( 3*2 ) 

CaAciidcs (houM be thus heavily taxM; if their peaceable 
and quiet Behaviour does not intitle them to the comiiKm 
IVotedion of the Gc^venunent ; nay, if they are more hardlj 
iis*d by not having been c(HKem*d than when they wefe 
adnally engag*d in Rebellion ; I fay^ I am afraid they will 
emlnrace any Opportunity to free themfdves from fuch intol- 
crable Burdens, thinking under no Form of Government they 
can receive worfe Treatment. 

* I ihail next confider the Groundwork of this whole Bill» 
viz. * The raiiing one Hundred Thoufand Pounds upon the 
' Roman-Catholicks, in lieu of certain Forfeitures they have 

• incurred by feveral A^ of Parliament now in being.* And 
by dating the Balance betwixt the Roman-Catholicks and 
the Government, it is pretended, ' That the Sum now de- 
' manded of the Roman Catholicks faUs hr ihort of what is 

• due to the Government, if all their Forfeitures were rigor- 

• oufly exafted.* I am very ready to grant, that the Roman- 
CathoHcks have incurrM feveral Forfeitures : Burl think the 
Queftion at pefent is. Whether it is neceffiry at this Time, 
for the Security of the Government, to take Advantage of thofe 
Forfeitures? For if there is not fome particular Reafon fhewn, 
why you ought to exad them more at this Time than ano- 
ther, you may with equal Juilice raife one Hundred Thoufand 
Pounds the next Year upon the Roman-Catholicks ; and fo 
on, whenever the Government fhall fland in need of fuch a 
Fund. But furely *tis not fufficient to fay, becaufe the Ro- 
man-Catholicks have incurred feveral Forfeitures, that there- 
fore you will take Advantage of them : For the plain An- 
fwer to that is. Why do you do it now ? And, Why have 
you not done it before ? It is here neceflary to obferve. 
That when the Legiflature pafs'd this Law, to fubjed the 
Roman-Catholicks to the Forfeiture of two Thirds of their 
Eilates, this Law was rather made intentionally to keep 
the Roman Catholicks in Subjed^ion to the Government, 
than with any Defign of having it put in Execution. For 
otherwife I dare fay, fo many Adnuniftrations, who are the 
executive Part of the Law, could never haye thus long dif- 
pens'd with their Duty. 

^ If we look back as far as the Reformation,, we fliall find, 
Aat the Roman-CathoUcks were never more numerous, 
never more powerful, than at the Revolution, juft upon King 
Jameses Abdication. Then all Means had been usM to pro- 
pagate Popery ; Men of that Perfuaiion were put into Places 
of Profit and Truft ; the Army was fill'd with Roman-Catho- 
licks, and it was generally thought that the Nat;ion was ripe 
to take upon them the Drudgery of the Roman Yoke. Whai 
King WilJiam came .to the Crown, he was warmly told of 
the Dangers ofPoj>eryi that as there were f^vere Lawa^ 


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( 3^3 ) 
againft the Roman-Catholicks, they ought to be put in Ex«. Anno^9.^Gca.i. 
edition : That the. Roman-Catholicks held CcH-reipondencej " 
and were canying on Plots and Contrivances with King 
James, then in France, who, as he had an undoubted Title 
to the Crown, was fupported by one ' of the moft powerful 
Princes in Europe. Then the Competition for the Crqwn 
was greatly different from the wild and extravagant Preten- 
tions of a Popifh Fugitive, fled to Rome for Sanduary, after 
having been turnM out of moft of the Courts of Europe. 
But King William, who was a wife and juft Prince, and 
knew that no Free State could long fubfift, but in doing 
equal and impartial Juftice, would not confent to the putting 
thofe Laws in Execution againft the Roman-Catholicks, 
which he knew amounted to no lefs than a Perfecution. 
However, the King, to gratify the Fears of thofe about him, 
who were continuaJly poffeffing him with the Dangers of 
Popery, order'd an exafi Account to be. taken of the Con- 
formifts, Non-Conformifts, and Papifts in England, to fee what 
Proportion there was betwixt the Papifts and Proteftants ; and 
upon an exa£t Scrutiny, the Account . wa3 found to ftand 
thus : One Hundred and Seventy Nine Conformifts, viz. thole 
of the Eftablifh*d Church, to one Papift ; belides Presbyterians, 
Quakers, Independents, and all other Proteftant DiiTenters. 

* If the Roman-Catholicks were, at the beginning of the Re- 
volution, but a handful of People ; if all the Encouragement 
given to them by King James could not enable them to 
maintain a King of their own Religion upon the Thi-one, 
what have we now to apprehend from them ? Since many of 
them have followed the Fate of King James, and feveral of 
them have conformed to the Church of ^gland: So that 
we may reafonably conclude, that the Number of Roman- 
Catholick* is one Third leis than they were when King Willi- 
am came to the Crown. And I beg Leave here to obferve 
a Notion, which has long prevaiVd, * That the Liberties of 
^ England can never be in Danger, but by the Roman^Ca- 
* thoJicks." Indeed, one would have imagined that Explri- 
tnce would have exploded this Opinion, iince there is no- 
thing more certain than if all the Proteftants were united, 
no power upon Earth could hurt us. The Conteft does 
not lye becwixt the Proteftant and RomanrCatholick 
Religion i Our Divifions are no: ojxafionUl by the Increafe 
of Popery J but it is obvious to every Man • unconcern'd in 
rhe Difpute, how the Leader^^ of each Party promote their 
own mercenary Ends, by poffeffing their Followers with 
unneceffary Fears and groundlefs Tealou(ies. 

* I muft own, beiides the Injuftice of paffing fuch a Law, I 
zm roov'd with Compaffion to'^ny Fellow-Subje£ts, whofe 
Condition muft. be very depk)rable, if this Bill ihould pft 

' Vot. L R t ' into 

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( 3'4 ) 
into a Law. I would inffamce in the Cafe of a Gendonan 
I of a Thoufand Pounds per Armum^ who pays l^ive Hundred 
Pounds/^ Jnnum Rent Charge : He muft pay double Taxes, 
whkhy at prefent amounting to Four Shillings in the Pound, 
comes to Two Hundred Pounds a Year, out of hjs 
Thoufand Pounds a Year : He muft likewife pay his Pro- 
portion of this Hundred Thoufand Rounds, which, at a mode- 
rate Conqputation, will be Five Shillings in the Pound^ which 
is Two Hundred and Fifty Pounds more to be added to the 
Pedudlion out of his E^e ; What, then will a Gentleman 
of a Thoufimd Pounds per Annum have to live upon ? It is 
(aid in Anfwer to this. That the Ron^n-Catholicks do not 

Sy more Taxes, in feveral Places, than the Protefbnts. But 
^>pofe it were true, that they now pay no more than Two 
Shillings in the Pound, the Cafe of tlus Gentleman will be 
fiill very much to be lamented ; and inftead of paying Nine 
Hundred and Fifty Pounds, he will pay Eight Hundred and 
FifQr Pounds out of his EfUte. I have mentioned this par- 
ticular Cafe, to fhew the unreafonabl^ Severity of this. Tax ; 
but J dare fey^ many more Inftances might be given of the 
like Nature. 

* X can*t he^ being a little furpriz'd, that thofe Gentlemen 
who are fo weU acquainted with the Circumfbnces of our Af- 
jairs Abroad, did not confider, before they brought in this 
Bill upon the Roman-Catholicks, , that his Majefly's Allies 
would certainly interpofe in their Behalf: Apd if upon a Re- 
fufal to ad the friendly Part, our Proteilant Brethren Abroad 
ihoold be more feverely dealt with, we fhould in vain com- 
plain of the Breach of Treaties and of the Laws of the Em- 
pire, when we have broke through the conunon Ties of 

* I know no better Rule of Government, than to punifh the 
Guilty, and, protect the Innocent ; neither the one can com- 
plain of hard Ufage, tho^ he may be pitied, nor will the other 
wifh for a Change of that Government, which defends him. 
itOfo. the OppreffiOn of wicked and ill-deigning Men. But to 
punifh a Body of People, whom before the Report was made, 
you fufpeded to be crin^inally concerned in the Confpiracy 5 
and wluun, upon Enqiiiry, you find to be innocent in every 
narticttlar Suggdlion alledg*d ag^fl them, I do not take to 
oe the Means of cqpvincing the Wprld of the Impartiality of 
our Proceedings. 

' I find great Stre& l^d upon the Roman-Catholjcks fending 
Money to the Pretender, zxA his Adherents Abroad j a Faft 
fo confidently affirmed, that one would expedi fome better 
IVoof of it than a general AfTertion ; and yet I havej^ver 
heard one fingle Inftance given tO convince me of the Truth 
of this AAb-tion. Confidering the grea( Vigilance of the 


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( vs ) 

Minlihy»who have been aWc to difcover the moft fubtlc Mao 9.^ceo. i. 
Contrivances in canying on this Conipiracy, it appears to me y^, — |^— J 
very unlikely, if t)ie Itoxhan-Catholicks had made any 
coitSderable Remittances Abroad, that they fhould have 
efcapM the Notice of the Government. I would fein know 
}u>w comes this Notion of the Roman-'Catholicks fending 
M<»iey Abroad ; and why they are more zealous for the Pre- 
tender's Caufe, than the reft of the Jacobites ? If it is an 
equal Contribution among the Jacobites, it ought to be an 
equal Tax upon the Nonjurors and every Man who has paid 
his Quota, as well as upon the Roman-Catholicks. But to 
fingle out one Set of Men from die Herd of the Jacobites ; 
and upon mere Suppoiition, to iniiidt the fevereft Penalties 
upon them, is an Ah no ways agreeable to the juil and equi- 
table Proceedings of Parliament. For which Reafons I am 
againil tf|^4|ill.' 

Mr l3p^<3ie was fupported by Mr Weft, Lord Gage, idt Weft. 
and Mr Thompfon, Member for York j Mr Trenchard, in tfrE^rlompfoni 
particular, declar'd, * Tiiat he thought it very unreafonable ^^ Trenchard 
that the Papifts Ihould bear the whole Burden of this Tax, movet,thatUic 
when there were fo many. Jacobites who had contributed as ciodidT^theTax 
much to the raifmc Publick Difturbances as the Papifts Pa^t^wWchis 
themfelves;' and Aerefore he mov'd, * That the Non- agreed to, 
jurors ought to be included in the (aid Tax intended to be 
raifed upon Papifts : Accordingly, after fome Debate, the 
Committee came to the following Refolution, viz. That to- 
wards railing the Sum of 100,000 1. granted to his Majefty^ 
towards reimburiing to the Publick the great Expences occa- 
fion'd by the late Rebellicms and Diforders, to be rais'd and 
I^ied upon the real and perfbnal Eftates of all Papifts, an 
eqtial Rate and Proportion be rais'd and levied upon the real 
and perfonal Eftates of every other Perfon> being of the 
Age of eighteen Years or npwards^ not having taken the 
Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance, and the Abjuration 
Oath, who (hall upon due Summons negled or refufe to take 
the fame^ This Refolution being the n«xt Day reported by 
Mr Farrer, a Motion was made, and the Queftion put^ that 
tte &id Refolution be recommitted, but it was carried in the 
Negative ; TheQ it was refolv*d, That the Houfe do agree 
with the Committee, and order'd. That there be an Inftruc- 
tion to the Committee of the whole Houfe to alter and 
amen^ the Bill, For laying a Tax on all Papifts, purfuant to 
the {aid Refolution. 

May 1 1. The Commons^ in a Committee of the whole 
Houfe, made a farther Progrefs in the Bill, For laying a Tax ^*;SScimmi^ 
upon Papifts i and a Motion being made by Mr Lutwyche JJ^i^i^^in^'^JJ^*" 
for. a Claufe for including the Papifts and Nonjurors in scotTkpSfand 

^ - - - - - D _ - — - ' Cy.«*1«i*J Nonjurors in the 

K r 2 Scotland, ^jd^ biu* 

Digitized byVjOOQlC 

I 3i6 ) 
Scotland, in the Tsuc intended to be laid on Papiils and 
Nonjurors in England, it was carried in the ABirmattve by 
a Majority of five Voices only. 
Debate cooccrmng May li^, Mr Farrcr reported the Amendments the Oxn- 
?n'iu brfn^"4^. nwttee had made to the Bill, which were . agreed to, excqpt 
ed to the HoufcT the Claufe above-mention'd ; upon which a Debate ariiii^ 
Jf' i^j^ Lord Gage and Mr Hutchefon infifted upon the Equitable- 
Sir J. jckyu. ncfs of the laid Claufe, and Sir Jofeph Jekyll faid there- 
upon, ' That he knew no Reafon why the Scots fhould be 
excused from paying their Proportion of this extraordinary 
Tax, unlefs it was, becaufe forty-five Scots ReprefentatiTes 
in that Houfe always voted as they were directed : But if 
that was theReafon^ it was to be fearM, lead Cornwall, i;i^icb 
fends up almofl an equal Number of Members, m^ht, upon 
the fame Confideration, claim an Exemption from Taxes.' 
Mr iL waipoie. But Mr Robert Walpole having reprefented, Tbl^ dm Naaies 
and real Eftates of the Scots Papifts and Non|yMei|||lt beii^ 
regifter*d, it was impoflible to afcertain thcSrBMfiqrtion of 
this Tax, he was fupported by mod of the Courtiers ; and 
The above Claufe the Qucftion being put. That the faid Claufe be made Part 
auoSerMfoJre- ©f the Bill, it was carried in the Negative by 178 Votes 
Sf?hS<5?te^ms ^g^^ * 7^ * ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ Amendments being made 
and Nonjurors, by the Houfc to the Bill, it was order'd to be engrofs'd. 
vhKhpaflesihe jj^^gygr^ ^q jj^ys after, a Bill was ordered to be ^ught 
in, to oblige all Papifls and Nonjurors in Scotland^ to re- 
giJder their Names and real Eflates ; which was accordingly 
brought in, and had an eafy Paffage through both Houfes. 
The BUI, Fi>r lay May 1 7. The engrofs'd Bill, For laying a Tax upon Papifts 
'/^it&c'pMi *^»^ Nonjurors in England, was j»fs'd and fent up to the Lords. 
May 27. The King came to the Houfe of Peers with 
the ufual State, and the Commons attending, their Speaker, 
updn prefenting the Bill, For laying a Yax upon Papifts 
and Nof^urors, made a Speech, wherein he fhew'd the 
Occafion and Neceffity of that Tax, on account of the late 
horrid and execrable Confpiracy, in which they had fo great 
The Royal Affent a Share. After this, his Majefty ^vc the Royal Afient 
SfoS>'SS Mi.*~* to the faid Bill j Alfo to the BUI, To oblige all Papifts in 
iSi°^^"t^ 5rtf//2»</, and Nonjurors in Great-Britain, to regifter their 
of Rochcfttf. ^* Names and real Eftates ; To the Bills, For inflicting Pains 
and Penalties on John Plunket, George Kelly, andDr Francis 
Jtterbury Lord Bifl^op of Rochefter : Likewife to feveral 
Other Bills, which, as they were not the Subjed of any 
SPEECHES or DE BATE S, it would be foreign to 
our Purpofe to take Notice of here. 

' Then the Lord Chancellor read his Majefty's Speech to 
both Houfes, as follows : 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

f 317 3 

Anno 9. Geo. I. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, i_„t^^^-.i»._| 

^* T Am perfuadedy notwithftanding the unuTual Length pf loa^s speech at 
" X this Seffion, you will not think your Time has been ^^^^^4. 
" miiemploy'd in confulting the necefiary Means for pre- JJJq^'***'"^*" 
** ferving the Peace and Quiet of the Kingdom, and bring* 
** ing to Juftice fome of the chief Promoters of that C6n- 
•* fuiicm which lately threatned the Nation. 

*' The prudent Meafures you have taken for our common 
** Security, and your enabling me to defend my Kingdoms 
** againft any Defigns or Attempts of our Enemies, are the 
** moft convincing TeiHmonies of your Fidelity and Afko- 
** tion to me, and of your Concern for the Liberties of my 
** People. Be affur'd, the Con£denc6 you have repos'd in 
" me Ihail never be made Ufe of but for their Safety and 
** Defence. 

" The Papers which have been laid before you, for your 
** Iiliformation, and have fince been publiih*d for the SatiA 
** feaion of the World, evidently fhew, that the Confpira- 
*' tors had brought their wicked Arts and Practices to fuch 
** Perfedion, that they confidently carried on their traiterous 
'* Proje6b in Defiance of the Law, from an Afiurance of 
** their being able to elude it : The Refped and Reverence 
" due to the Law had been loft, and the Tranquility of my 
** People endanger*d, had not you interposed. This made it 
** necefiiary for the Legiflature to exert itfelf in punifhing 
" fuch (Anders, whofe Guilt is too certain to leave the 
^' leaft Room for Doubt, and whofe Crimes are too heinous 
" to admit of any Aggravatibn. 

" And yet it is with Pleafure I lefledl, that the Juftice of 
^' Parliament has been fo tempered with Mercy, that even 
" thofe who are refolv'd to be diflatisfied, muft acknowledge 
" the Lenity of your Proceedings, and will be at a Lofs for 
** any Pretence to complain, fo few Examples having been 
** made, and* the Penalties, inflided by Bill, falling fa 
" much ftiort of the Puniftiments due t<f the fame Crimes 
" by the conmion Courfe of l^cw, 

" The Firmnefs you have fliewn muft convince the 
" World, how much They were miftaken, whofe chief Hopes 
" were founded on the DifafFedlion of my People. It gave 
*^ me great Satisfa^on to fee as general a Cbncurrence in 
" full Parliament upon this Occafion, as has been ever- 
" known on any former ; and it is to be hop*d, our Enemies 
" will ceafe to flatter themfelves with the vain Imagination 
** of being able to fubvert our Religion and prefent Eitablifh- 
" ment. 

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons, 
1* I muft acknowledge, in a particular Manner, the great 

•« Readincfs 

Digitized by ^OOQIC . 

t 3i8 ] 
Retdioeis vou have /hewn in raifing the necei&iy Sapplio 
for the enniii^ Year : It is ^ uneaqpefted FeUcity, that 
XOtt have been able fe far to difappmnt die H(^)es of our 
** Enemiesy as to avoid laying any new Burthen upon n^ 
** People : And that ibon after that g^eat ^lock luid Ccwvul- 
'* fion in all the piblick Funds, and in the midft of intefiine 
<' Alarms and Difturbances, the Credit of the Nad<m ^uld 
*' fo £ur revive and ik>ar^, that not only die Suf^lies of the 
<^ Year ihould be rais'd, at a much lower In^i^ than was 
*' ever known in the moft quiet Times» but Part of the Na- 
** donal Debt flK>uld be redoc'd from an Intereft Of 5 to 5 
** ptr Cent, and pat in a Courfe of being foon ^fchargM. 
My Lords and Gentlemen, 
" r return you my moft fincere Thainks for the indefatiga- 
*' ble Pains you have taken ia the Service of the Publi^ 
'' I eameftly recommend it to you, in your feveral Statiom 
•* and Oountries, to perfcvere in your Endeavours for prp- 
'^ ferving the Peace of the Kingdom ; by Juftice and Refb- 
*' ludon, to fubdoe the reliefs Spirit of Fadion and Sedition s 
*' and by Prudence and Temper, to reconcile the Misled. 

*' Some extraordinary Ai^irs calling me AhrQad this Snm- 
** mer, I doubt not but that the Wifdom and VigUance of 
'' my good Subjeds will prevent our Enemies from taking 
^' any Advantage of my Abfenoe, To gain the Hearts and 
•* Afie£dons of my Peoj^e, Aall alwi^s be my firft and prin- 
*' cipal Care. On their Duty and Loyalty I will intirely 
*^ depend : And they may as forely depend on my Protedion 
*' in the fidl Enjoyn^t of their Rdigion, Liberty, and Pro- 
*' perty." # 

TbeP^nament Then the Lord Chancellor prorogu'd the Parliamoit to the 
rtoTOiacd. fecond Day of July j aftef which they were farther pro- 

rogu'd to the 9di of January. 


In the Second Session of the 

. Second Tarliament of King G^OKG% 1. 

|Uino.ia Geo.1. /^"^ ^ ^^ 9^ ^^ January, the Parliament being me^ 

mj-44. 1 1 according; to their laft Prorogation, the King went 

^m^ to the I&ufe of Peers, and the Commons attending, 

the Lord Chancellor read his Majefty's Speech to both 

Houfes, as follows : 


f Digitized by GpOgle 

[ 319 ] 

Aanoio. Geo.i; 

My JLords and Gentkmen, 17*1^- 

" TT Cannot open diis Seffion without congratolatiag you Ki^CsJChtt 
*' X upon the Succeis of your Endeavours kft Year, for ^^^^^^^^^ 
" the Safety, Intefcft, and Honour of the Kingdom: The ^^ 
<' Rife of the publick Credit, the flounfliii^ Cbndition of 
*' our Trade suid Manufa&uxes, and the general Tranquility 
*' of my People, are the happy Consequences of y^Mir pm- 
*' dent Refolutions. It is to be hop*d, that the few Exunh 
** pies, which were made of fone notorious Ofienders, witt 
'' be fufficient to deter the noft Difa^ded from engaging in 
*' the like deQ)erate and wicked PraAices. The Alimentation, 
** which you thought fit to make to our National Forces by 
<' Sea said. Land, has not only fecur'd the general Quiet of 
" the Kingdom againft any fudden Attempts or Infuiredkions, 
" but has alio given me fuch Weight and Credit in all fo- 
" reign Negotiations, as greatly contribute towards the Pre- 
** fervation of the Peace of Europe. 

. Gentlemen of the Houfe of Cbnnnons, 

** I will order the proper Officers to lay heiore yaa. the 
^' Eftimates for the S^ice of the current Year : I define 
** fuch Supplies only, as you (hall find abiblutely neceilaiy 
** for preferving the Peace of the Kingdom, and &r the Se- 
** curity of my Feo|de j and thofe, I hope, may be rais'd 
'* without laying any additionial Charge or Burthen on my ' 
" Stt^eas. 

** I mnft, in a particular Manner, recommend to your 
'< Care the publick I)ebts of the Elingdom, as the moft 
" National Concern you can poffibly take into your Confi- 
** deration. I am perfuaded it muft be a very great Satli^ 
*' fadtion to all my faithful Subjefb, to fee the finking Fund 
*^ improvM and augmented, and die Debt of the Nation 
" thereby put into a Method of being fo much the fboner 
** gradually redacM and paid off: It would be a Work 
^^ truly wc^y of a Britiih ParJiament, to begin this com- 
** mendaUe Undertaking, and to make fuch a Progrefs 
^* therein, as^ with a ftridt R^ard to puUick Faith and pri- 
•** vate Property, may pave the Way to this great and dc- 
** firaUe EncL 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

** In the prefent hap|)y Situation of our Afi^irs, I have 
^' nothing more to recommend to you, than that you would' 
** make Ufe of the 0{:^)ortunity9 which your own good 
^* Conduft has put into your Hands, in confiderine o^ fuch 
" fiuther Laws, as may be wanting for the Eaie and En- 
^* couragement of Trade and Nav^aticm, for the Employ- 
*^ ment of the Poor, and for the exdting and encouraging 
<f a Spirit of Ipia&xf in th^ N^tipn, 

Digitized by C^OOQIC 

[ 320 ] 

*' I am fully fatisfyM, that the Trade and Wealth of my 

** People are the happy EffeAs of the Liberties they enjoy, 

'< and that the Grandeur of the Crown c6nMs in their Pro- 

** {patty ; and I am as fully perfuaded, that all, who wiih 

" well to their Country, muft agree with me, that it is the 

*' vaineft of all Delufions to imagine, that the Religion, 

\ " Laws, and Liberties of this Kingdom can ever be fc- 

** cur*d, but by fupporting the prefeht Eilablifhment, and 

*' maintaining the Succei&on in the Proteftant Line. Let as 

** therefore heartily join in every thing that may tend to 

** promote our mutual Happineis, and to extinguiih tht 

V Hopes of thofe, who long have been and fHll are reftiefs 

** in their Endeavours to fubjeft this. Nation to the whole 

•* Train of Miferies, that are infeparable from Popery and 

*« Aibit?^ Power." 

The Conunons being retum'd to their Houfe, the Lord 
Finch mov*d, and being feconded, it was refolv^d, Ntm. 
Con, That an humble Addrefs be prefentcd to his Majefty, 
whidi was unanimoufly agreed to, and on the nth, pe* 
foited by die whole Houfe, as follows : 

Moft Gracious Sovereign, 
Icft^'iS^*^" * '\70U R Majcfty's moll dutifiil and loyal Subjeas, tk 
^ j[ Commons of Great Britain in Parliament ailembled, 

* beg Leave to congratulate your MajeUy upon your fafe and 
' happy Return into thefe IGngdoms ; and moft humbly de- 

* /ire your Majefty to accept the unfeigned Thanks of this 

* Houfe, for your Majefty's moft graaous Speech from the 

* Throne. As your Majefty is pleas'd to found the Gran- 

* deur of your Crown in the S«:urity of the Liberties of 

* your People, and your Glory in promoting their Profperity ; 

* fo they, in Return, muft'be excited, by all the Ties of 

* Duty and Gratitude, to build their Happinefs upon the 

* firm and unihaken Principles of Loyalty and Affection to 

* your Majefty^s moft Sacred Perfon and Government. 

* It is the greateft Satisfa6Uon to your Maje^'s feithfiil 

* Conunons to find, that the Loyalty of their Refolutions • 

* and the Juftice of their Proceedings, in the laft Seffion of 
' Parliament, have been attended with all the happy Confe* 
' quences they expe^bed from them ; and now have been re- 

* warded with your Majefty's Royal Approbation. . 

* We beg Leave to aflbre- your Majefty^ that we AaD 
*. readily andehearfiiUy raife all fuch Supplies, as ihall be ne- 

* ceflary to fupport the Honour of your Majefty's Govem- 

* ment, and fecure the Tranquility of thefe Kingdoms. . 

* We are highly fenfible of your Majefty's Goodnefs to 

* all your Peopki in recommending, particularly at this Time, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

{ 3«i ) 
to our Confideration the publick Debts of the Kingdom ; Anno w. Geo. i. 
which are fo heavy a Load, and fo much a National Con- . ^i^ ^ 
cem, that we fhould be wanting to ourfelves^ if we did not ^^^ ^ 
aflure your Majefty, that wc will ufe our utmoft Endea- 
vours to improve and augment the Sinking Fund, and 
thereby put the National Debt into a Method of being 
gradually reduced and paid, without any Violation of 
publick Faith, or Infringement of private Prq)erty : And 
as your Majefty is pleas'd to encourage our attempting fo 
' great and noble a Deiign ; fo we are fully perfuaded» that 
' the Wifdom and Steadinefs of your Majcfty's Government 
^ ivill enable us to perfed this great Undertaking. 

* We aflure your Majefty, that we know of no other 
' Safety, under God, for our Trade and Wealth, Lib^ty 
' and Property, Religious and Civil Rights, but the Security 
' of your Majefty's Sacred Perfon and Government, and the 

* Succeffion in your Royal Houfe ; which we will always 
' fapport and maintain againft any traiterous Attempt what* 

* foever ; being truly feniible of the Bleffings we enjoy under 

* your Majefty's moft gracious and happy Government, 

* which has hitherto preferv*d us from all thofe Miferies, 

* Experience has taught us, are infeparable from Popery and 

* Arbitrary Power. 

To this Addrefs his Majefty retum'd the following Anfwer. 

Gentlemen, ' 
** X Return ^ou my hearty Thanks for this dutiful and TbeKinf^Aahwr 
" I loyal Addrefs : The Wifdom and Refolution of this ***^^- 
** Parliament have principally contributed to our prefent 
** happy Situation ; and the Perfeverance of my faithful Com- 
" mons, with the fame Zeal and Unanimity^ in the Difpatch 
'* of the publick Buftnefs, will be the fureft Means of im* 
'* proving this favourable Opportunity to the beft Advantage, 
" for the Honour and Intereft of the Kingdom.'* 

January zz. The Conmions, in a Committee of the whole nebate cohcemJnB 
Houfe on the Supply, read the Eftimates of the Charge uxli^^ *^ 
of the Guards, Garrifons, and Land- Forces, and MrTreby 
movM for keeping up the fame Number of Troops for the 
Year 1724, as were maintain'd the Year before. This oc- 
cafion'd a warm Debate which laftcd five Hours. Mr Mr Trebr. 
Trcby (a) was fupported by Mr R. Walpolc, Mr Pelham \b\ ^^i^^' 
Mr Doddington (f), MrYonge(</), Mr Thomas Broderick, Mr DoddJiiton. 

OL. I. b S Lord Mr T. Brodcruk. 

(a) Made Teller of the Eicheauer^ -* 

(b) Appoitited Secretary al ffar^ >M<ftbmflHru'gthi5S^. 
(c;(d) Ma4€ C^mmijfimn of the Treafury ; J 

y Google 

Anno ic. Geo. I. 

Lord Finch. 
Scrj. Miller. 
Mr St J Bfoderick, 
Mr Docminiqufe. 
Mr Pultcncy. 

Sir W. Uwlbn. 
Lord Morpctb. 
Mr Broralcy. 
Sir T. Haniner. 
Mr Sloper. 
Mr Shippen. 
Hon* Mr Vcmey. 
Mr Hungprford. 
Sir J. JekyU. 
Mr Jcflencs. 
Mr W. Plummcr. 
Mr Hatchdon. 

Petition from the 
buffcrcrs by the 
Bahaam Projea. 

Debate thereon. 
Mr R. Walpole. 

Lord Morpeth. 

The raid Petition 

( 322 ) 

Lord Finch, Serjeant Miller, Hon. Mr St John Broderick, Mr 
Docminique, and Mr Palteney (e). But Sir Wilfrid Lawfon, 
who was fupported by Lord Morpeth (/), Mr Bromley, Sir 
Thomas Hanroer, Mr Sloper, Mr Shippen, Hon. Mr 
Verney {g), Mr Hungerford, Sir Jofeph JekyU, Mr Jeffcries, 
Mr Walter PJummer, and Mr Hutchcfon, inMed, * That the 
additional Trbops rais'd the lafl Year (hould be difbanded, 
b^caufe there was, at this Time, no apparent Occaiion for 
fo great a Number of Forces ; but the Queftion being pat 
upon the Motion, it was carry'd in the AiErmative by 240 
Votes againil 100 ; and refolv'd, I. That the Number of 
effedive Men to be provided for Guards and GarrifcHis in 
Great Britain, and for Jerfey and Guernfey, for the Year 
1724, including 181 5 Invalids, be 18264 Men, Commiffion 
and Non-Cbmmiflion Officers included. II. That a Sum not 
exceeding 655,668 1. 8s. yd. be granted for defying the 
Charge of the faid 18264 Men, for the Year 1724. 

yan. 23. Thofe Refolutions beipg reported, were agreed 
to by the Houfc. 

February 2 1 . Sir John Guife prefented to theHoufea Petition 
of Sir Guflavus Hume, and George Pratt, Efqi and fevcral 
other Perfons who were Sufferers by becoming Adventurers 
in the Projed for carrying on a Trade to the Bahama Iflands. 
After the Reading of this Petition, a Motion being made, 
that the faid Petition be referr'd to the Confideration of a 
Committee, many Members were indin'd to the Affirma- 
tive J but Mr R. Walpole thereupon reprefented, * That this 
Petition feem'd intended to open again the Wounds of the 
Year 1 720, which the Parliament, with great Wifdom, had 
cndeavour'd to heal ; that if they countenanc'd fuch a Peti- 
tion, they would foon have a Load of Petitions of the 
fame Nature brought upon them ; and that the Law being 
open, the Petitioners ought to feck their Relief there, where 
many had already found it.' To this Lord Morpeth reply'd, 
* That the rejecting of this Petition would found very iH with- 
out Doors, and look'd as if they flcreen'd their own Mem- 
bers 5 fome of whom were known to have been the principal 
Managers of the Bahama Projed : The Queftion being put 
upon the Motion, it pafs'd in the Negative. 

j^il 24. The King came to the Houfe of Peers, and Sir 
William Saunderfon, Gentleman-U(her of the Black-Rod, 
was fent with a MeiTage from his Majcfty to the Honfe of 
Commons, commanding their Attendance in the Hoafc oj 
Peers ; the Commons being come thither accordingly, ^ 
Majeiy gave the Royal Aifcnt to feveral Bills ; after n*i^ 


(q) Amintei Cqjptrer qf the HoM/hoU^ Mmy 1.3, 1 713, 
(f)aon and Heir apparent to the J£arl (/ Csr^e* 
<g) JSontotbcLordWUkt^hhydeBrookt. 

y Google 

( 323 ) 
ills Majefiy made the following Speech, by the Mouth of the Anno lo. cco.i. 
Xord ChanceUor. ^_,J!^t^^ 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
«< ^TT^HE Unanimity, Chearfulnefs, and Difpatch with TheKing'iSpceck 
** JL which you have now finiihM every Thing I recom- ^U^&T 
^* mended to you at the Opening this Seffion, are frefh In- 
*' ftances of your Afifediotx to my Perfon and Government, 
** and cannot fail of contributing, with the Bleffing of Gdd 
^< on our Endeavours, towards the Eftablifhment of that 
*• happy Tranquility we now enjoy, both at Home and 
*' Abroad. 

** Your continuing the like National Force by Sea and 
** Land this Year, as was judg'd neceflkry by Parliament for 
** the Service of the laft, gives me great Satisfedion : You 
** have hereby wifely provided againft the Mifchiefs fix)m 
** any fuddcn Shocks of publick Credit ; you have provided 
** for the Safety of the Kingdom, and have enabled this 
** Nation to hold among the Powers of Europe the Rank 
«* and Figure due to her Honour and Dignity. Nothing 
** could hiav^ been more acceptable to me, than your having 
** been able to make that Proviiion without laying any new 
** or additional Burthens on my People. 
Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons, 

** I return you my Thanks for the Care and Pains you 
'' have taken towards augmenting the Sinking Fund, and 
** improving the publick Revenues by putting them under 
** a flri^cr Management. I make no Doubt but that the • 
•* happy Beginning you have made will be attended with 
*' fuch immediate good Confequences, as will encourage you 
** to purfue the Way you have now open'd for a gradual 
•* Reduction of the Debt, .and for putting the Trade and 
** Navigation of Great Britain on fuch a toot, as may not 
** only in fome Meafure difcouragc the unjufHfiable Encroach- 
** ments diey labour under from fome of our Neighbours, 
^ but at the fame Time extend her Exportations beyond 
<' what has been known in former Ages. 
My Lords and Gendcmen, 

** As the early Recefs which your Diligence and Unani- 
■^' mity has procur'd you, affords you the Opportunity of a 
^ longer Retirement into the Country, than the Bufinefs of 
** former Seffions has ufually allowM of; I alTure myfelf, 
** that you will carry with you thither the fame Zeal for 
** the publick Good, with which you have been animated in 
" Parliament ; and that you will make it your Bufinefs to 
** difcountenance any Remains there may be yet left of Se- 
^* dition or DiiafiedUon, and to promote that perfed Har- 
<^ mony and Confidence between me and my People^ which 
" S i 2 « I 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( 3H ) 
Anna >«; 6e». t. ^ I moft earnefUy defire, and on which our mutual Happi- 
ncfs entirely depends.'* 


ThcParihtnent Then the Lord Chancellor prorogued the Parliament to 
prorogqcd. ^^ ^^ ^£ j^^^ . They weTC afterwards farther prorogued to 

the 1 2th of November. 


Jn the Third Session of the 

Second Tarliament of King George I. 

Anno II. Geo. I. ^* I ^ ^ ^ Parliament met Km. the 1 2th of November, ac- 

i7i4- I cording to their laft Prorogation, and the King be- 

JL ing come to the Houfe of Peers with the ufual States 

and the Commons attending, the Lord Chancellor read his 

Majefty's Speech to both Houfes as follows ; 


My Lords and Gentlemen, 

ThcKii«»«speecb *' T ^ pcrfuaded, you (hare with me in the SatisMion 

Thi^^^ft^* ** J. I feel at the profperous Situation of Affairs : Peace with 

"^ "^ ' ** all Powers Abroad ; at Home, perfedt Tranquility, Plenty, 

** and an uninterrupted Enjoyment of all Civil and Religious 

** Rights, are moft difHnguifliing Marks of the Favour and 

** Proteffion of the Divine Providence. And thefe, with all 

** their happy Confequences, will, I doubt not, by the Bef- 

*' fmg of God upon our joint Endeavours, he long contino'd 

*' to my People. 

" The fame Provifion by Sea and Land, for the Defence 
*' and Safety of the Nation, will continue to make us re- 
*' fi)e£led abroad, and confequently fecure at Home. The 
^* umie Attention to the Improvement of the publick Reve- 
*' nues, and to the Eafe and Encouragement of Trade and 
*' Navigation, will eflablifh Credit upon the fbxMigefl Bafis, 
♦• and rajfe fuch a Spirit of Indufby, as will not only cn- 
*^ aUe us gradually to difcharge the National Debt ; but will 
" likewife ^eatly increafe the Wealth, Power, and Influcna 
♦* of this Kingdom. 

Gentlemen of the IJoufe of Commons, 
*' I have ordered the proper Officers to prepare and laj 
** before you Elliniates of the Expences for the Service of the 
*^ enfuing Year ; and, as they do not exceed what has bcea 
*' found by Experience to be abfolutely neceflary for the Se- 
♦^ carity of ^ Kingdom, | make no Queilion but I ihaii 

y Google 

' have your ready Ccmcurrenco in railing die Supplies, in Anno n. Geo. i. 

* fuch Manner as (hall be moft cafy to my People. ^^ J^ ^ ^ 
** There is one Thing that I cannot but mention to you, 

^ as deferving your particular Confideration. It is too ma- 

* niM, that the Funds eftablifh'd for the finifhing the Works 
^ at Greenwich Hofpital, and providing for a competent 
■* Number of Seamen there, cannot, in Time of Peace, be 
^' fufficient to anfwer the Expences of this great and necef- 
f* fary Work. It is therefore veiy much to be wifh*d, that 
^' fome Method could be found out to make a farther Pro- 
^* viilon for a comfortable Support to our Seamen, worn out 
'^ in the Service of their Country, and labouring under old 
^* Age and Infirmities. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
** You mull all be feniible how much our prefent Hap- 
** pinefs is owing to your Union and fteady Condu£t It 
^* is therefore wholly unneceffary to reconmiend to you Una-* 
-** himity and Difpatch in all your Deliberations. The 
•* Zeal and Abilities you have on all Occafions (hewn in 
^* fupporting the Intereft of your Country, even under the 
** greatcft Difficulties, leave no Room to doubt of my 
** having your intire and effedual Concurrence in every 
*' thing, that can tend to the Service of the Publick, an^ 
** to the Good of my People," 

The Commons, being returned to their Houfe, and Mr 
Speaker having reported his Majefty's Speech, Mr Edward 
Thompfon mov'd for an Addreis of Thanks and Congratu- 
lation, which being unanimoufly refolv'd, a Committee was Mr e. ThompTon'ti 

• ^ J ^ J ® '^ ^ Motion for an Ad- 

appomted to draw it up. drefe of Thanks, 

No^v, 13. Mr Thompfon reported the faid Addrcfs, which ^^^ » *«««»»• 
was agreed (o Nem, Con, and on the 14th, prefented to his 
Majefty by the whole Houfe, as follows ; 

Moft Gracious Sovereign, 
^ \7OUR Majefty's molt dutiful and Loyal Subjeds, the The commons m. 

* i Commons of Great-Britain in Parliament aflembledi SfklS^^***^** 

* return your Majefty the Thanks of this Houfe for your 

* Majefty*s moft gracious Speech from the Throne ; and as 
« your Majefty's fatherly Tendemefs for your People, and 

* the unfpeakable Comforts of an eafy Government, demand 
< the fincereft Tribute of Duty; your Majefty's faithful 
^ Commons do now offer to your Majefty their moft unfeign* 
f ed Aftbrances of Gratitude and Loyalty, with that be« 
f coming Zeal and AfiedUon that is particularfy requiiite at 
f this Time. 

^ We beg Leave to congratulate with your Majefty on the 
f pofpeions Situ^tioin of ASain sit Home sxxi Abroad ; a 

* Suijca 

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( 3^6 ) < Sobjcd HOC Only of Cootent, but of Joy: And we ihonkl 
1^ i^^m,,,^ ' be wanting to otufelTes, and infenfible of our own Profyt 

* rity, if we did not feel the fame Satisfadion in rea{»tig tk 

* Fruits of yoar M^efty^s gi«U Wifdom, that yoor Maj^ 
' hath in imploying it to dired and guide us to our own 

* Huvj^neis. 

* Peace with all Powcn Abroad, Plenty and Tranquility 

* at Home, with a full and quiet Enjoyment of every Thing 

* that is dear ^md valuable to us, are peculiar Marks of yooi 

* Majcfty's Government ; which that they may be for ever 

* remembred, this Houfe will ufe their utmoft Endeavour^ 

* by the Divine Affiftance, to traniinit the hsppy Confe- 
' quences of thefe Bleflings to the lateft Pofterity, as Monu- 

* ments to Futurity of the Glories of your Majeftyh 

* Reign. 

* To fupport the Intereft and Credit of our Country, b 

* to pay the moft acceptable Obedience to your Majefty, and 
^ therefore this Houfe will proceed with all Chearfulnefs and 
^ Difpatch in raifing fuch Supplies as ihall be necefiary for 

* the Honour and Safety of the Nation : We will labour 

* to difcharg^ gradually thr National Debt, by the Improi^ 
' ment of the Publick Revenues ; to increafe our Wealth, 

* by the Advancement of our Trade ; and to eftabliih our 

* Strength, by the Encouragement of our Navigation ; and 

* are ready heartily to affill your Majefty in every thing that 

* ihall tend to the Security and Grandeur of your M^e^ 

* and your Kingdoms/ 

To this Addrefs his Majefly retum'd the following Anfwer. 


n* M i ftT»i An- '* T ^^^^^"^ y°^ W hearty Thadcs for your loyal Addrefi ; 

fwL. ** X I never made any Doubt, but that whenever the Ho- 

** nour and Intereft of the Kingdom call'd upon you, I 
** fliould meet with the fame Return of Duty and Fidelity, 
'^ and the fame AJBTeftion and Zeal for my Service, as I Jiave 
** hitherto expericnc'd on all Occafions. 

Nov. 23. In a Committee of the whole Houie, the Coffl- 
5?1?umteTrf'* mons confider'd farther of the Supply. The feveral Efti- 
Laad-Forces. niates of the Charge of Guards, Garrifons, and Land- 
Forces ; of the Forces in die PlantaticMis, Minorca, and Gi- 
braltar ; of the Out-Peniioners of Chelfea-Hofpital, for the 
Year 1725, and of extraordinary Expences not provided for 
by Parliament, having been reforr'd to the Committee, Mt 
Mr H Peiham. H. Pclham open'd the Debate on thofe feveral Heads, fliew*d 
the Neccffity of keeping up the fame Number of Gu^ids, 
Garrifonsy and Land^orceS| and mov'd for making the 


y Google 

{ 327 ) 
3une Pfovifion for them for the Year 1725, as was made Aono n. Geo. i. 
or this Year. Mr Pcjham's Motion was fupported by Mr ^ iZ^ . 
rreby. Sir Edmund Bacon^ General Wade, suad Mr Yonge ; Mi^Trebt. 
3ut was oppofed by Mr Plummer^ Mr Freeman^ Sir William ^fvvajr"* 
Barker, Lord Morpeth, Sir Jofeph Jckyll, Mr Cornwall, Mr Mr Vungc. ' 
Snelly Mr Hungertord, and Mr Shif^n, which occaiion'd a MrPiur^mer. 
warm Debate, that lafted till pour in the Afternoon. Thofc 5?w.'B?*keV. 
who opposed Mr Pelham's Motion, were not all of the J^J'? ^ k^S^'** 
fame Opinion, as to the Number of Troops, JTome being Mr Cornwall 
for reducing the Army to feven or eight Thouland Men, Mr'HM*^rfor<L 
as was done after the Condufion of the Treaties of Ryfwick ^ shippen. 
and Utrecht, and others infilHng only on the Dilbanding of 
the 4000 Men rais'd upon Occafion of the late Confpiracy. 

Mr Snell, Member for Gloucefter, to (hew the Danger Mrsneu. 
of a Standing Army in a free Country, brought two Infbnces ; 
the one of an Infult given by Dragoons encamp'din the Weft, 
to fome Country-Men that were merry-making ; the other, 
of an Officer quartered at Gloucefter, who, upon a Re- 
joicing-Day, would not permit the City Drums to beat, pre- 
tending, that none but the King's Drums had a Right to 
beat in the Garriibn.' To the Bik of thefe Complaints Mr 
Treby anfwer'd, * That by feveral Affidavits taken before the ^ "^^^r- 
Magiftrates in the Neighbourhood, it appeared that a rude 
Mob of difcontented People had given the firft Infult and 
Provocation to the King's Troops, by calling them Round- 
headsy and other abuiive Names, and finging or playing the 
Tune of, T^he King Jhall enjoy his own again, &c. To the 
otho*, it was faid. That the Officer, who was guilty of that 
Piece of Indifcretion, was fo far ftom being countenanced, 
that on the contrary, upon the firft Notice given of it to 
the Secretary of War, he was orderM to be difmiis'd from 
his Majefty's Service ; which Punifhment he would have un- 
dergone, had not the Magiftrates of Gloucefter been fatisfy'd 
^ with his Submiffion, and interceded for him.' Mr Hunger- Mr Hungcrford. 
ford endeavour*d to fhew the Danger of regular Troops to a 
free Nation, and what little Occa^on there was for them at 
this happy Junflure, and concluded, * He could not imagine, 
what Ufe an Army could be put to, unlefs it were to excin- 
guiih the Flame that had been kindled in Ireland by the new 
Brafs Half-pence, [meaning the hafe Half-pence coind by Mr 
Wood for the Ufe of Ireland^ and to force that People to 
fwallow them.' But the moft material Obje6^ions were 
urg'd by Mr Shippen, who upon this Occafion fpoke as 
follows : 

Mr Speaker, 
* I Have (poke fo often againft maintaining an extraordi- Mr shipppa. 
nary Number of Land-Porces in Time of Peace, that I fhould 
nowchoofetobefilent, if I had not the fidl DayoftheSef- 


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( 3^8 ) 

fion enterM my Claim to difpate the Omtmuance of the Fov I 
thouiaiid Augmentation Troops, and if J did not think it my ' 
Duty to oppcfe every Proportion, which feems to cany the 
leaft appearance of Danger to our G)nftitution. 

' I afk Pardon, efpeoally of the Honourable Gentleroaa 
who moved it, if I take the prefent QueiHon to be of this 
Nature. Nor can I be perfuaded, that the frequent Impo- 
iition of unneccflary Taxes, or the Repetition of any Grie- 
vance, ought to beget an Inienfibility, or a flaviih Acquiefcence 
in it On the contrary, I think it ought to awaken and 
double our Attention, left it fhould in time plead a Prefcrip- 
tive Right, and gradually grow into an Eibblifhment. 

* If I may be permitted to oonfider the Kine's Speech, as the 
Compofition of his Minifters, which tho' I know by Experi- 
ence to be a more dangerous, [Seep. 160] is'yet a more Par- 
liamentary Way, than to consider it as an £di6i from the 
Throne, I will obferve, that it does not ask the Opinion and 
Advice of the Commons, how far they will ufe their great, 
eiTential and undisputed Right of railing Money ; but it pofi- 
tively prefcribes the exad Provifion we are to make, both by 
Sea and Land, for the Service of the enfuing Year ; and, 
whether that be not a new Method of fpeaking to Parliaments, 
is with all Deference fubmitted to the Wiidom of this HouTe, 
which is the beft Judge of its own Privileges and Power. 

* Surely, Sir, it is very melancholy to hear one Sefiion after 
another, that, tho' we are in a State of Tranquility, as the 
Language is, yet we can neither be fecure at home, nor re- 
ipedted abroad, without continuing above Eighteen thoufand 
Land Forces in Pay. 

* This Way of Reafoning entirely mifreprefents ourCircum- 
ftances and Condition. For it would fuggeft, that we cannot 
enjoy the Bleffings of a good Reign, widiout enduring at the 
fame time the Hardlhips of a bad one, which is a Contradic- 
tion in it felf, and inconfiftent with the Notions we, as Eng- 
lilhmen, muft ever entertain of our legal Liberties, in Main- 
tenance of which our Predeceffors in Parliament though fit 
to alter the Lineal Succeffion of our Royal Family. This 
Way of Reafoning farther fuppofes, that the mutual Confi- 
dence betwixt his Majefty and his People is deftroyed, that 
there is a Difbuil on one hand and a Difaffedion on the 
other, for which there is not the leafl Ground or Pretence. 
For his Majefty, by his Reiidence amongft us this laft Sum- 
mer, has not only given us the cleareft Proof of his preferring 
the Welfare and Happinefs of thefe Kingdoms to that of his 
own Foreign Dominions ; but has for ever fecured the Love of 
his Subjects here by his moft gracious Affability and perfonal 
Condefcenfions to' them. He has for ever fecured that Tran- 
quility a^ home, on which he is pleafed with fo much Satif- 


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( 329 ) 
f^BkjEtian to congratulate his Parliament. Nor can this Tnm- ^****** "14?*** ^ 
quility be afiedled by the Clamours in Ireland againft a late ^0 
I*atent, [meaning Mr Woods Patent for Coinings which was 
^x/lterwards recalled] for there is a large Army in that King- 
ciom fufHcient to curb tumultuous Spirits, and to awe Patro- 
nising Malecontents, ihould any fuch be found. Nay, if more 
X^orces are judged neccflary, either for the Honour or Safety 
of the Government there, that Kingdom is able and willing 
to mainuin more on its own Eitablifhment ; and therefore all 
.Arguments drawn from thence relating to the prefent Quef- 
tion muft be incondufive. The Hot^fe may •perhaps think 
fit, at a proper Seafon, to liften ib far to the Complaints of 
our Fellow-Subje^ls in another Kingdom, as to call for this 
obnoxious Patent, and to examine into the Grounds of it 
for the Mifgovemment of Ireland has been frequently under 
the Examination of the Houfe of Conunons here, and fuch 
Examinations have formerly proved fatal to as great Mini- 
fters as England ever bred ; which XKxf be Matter of Re- 
He^on to their Succeflbrs, and to thofe it may concern 5 
but can never be any Inducement to an Englifh Parliament 
to pay one Soldier more, than is abfolutely neceilary for 
our own Ufe. 

* Now all Rebellions*,* all Conijpirades, feem to be totally 
extinguifhed, not more by the late feafonable Exertion of 
Parliamentary Juftice, than by the wife and prudent Con- 
duft of thofe in the Adminifbation. They have fo carefully 
reviewed and modelled the Forces this Summer in every 
Part of the Nation, that, we are to hope, there are not left 
even fo many, as three or four Serjeants and Corporals^ who 
(hall have Fool-hardinefs enough to undertake again to draw 
the whole Army into wild and chimerical Attempts. They 
have fieed the Church from all Apprehenfions of Danger, 
by promoting only the mofl orthodox and learned Part of 
the Gergy to the Epifcopal Dignity, and other Ecdeflaftical 
Preferments. They have preferved the State, by advancing 
only Men of diflinguiihed Ability and Experience to all great 
Offices and Civil Employments. They have, which is above 
all, reconciled their own Animofities, and have no other Con- 
tentions now, but who ihall beft ferve his Majefty and the 
* Publick, without any Views of accumulating inunenfe Wealth 
to thenifelves, or of aggrandizing their own private Fami- 
lies. Such an Adminiiiration can never need the Afliibnce 
and Protedlion of above Eighteen thoufand difciplined Troops. 
Such an Adminiihrarion fhould not fuller the Army to run 
away with the Reputation of their good and great Works, or 
to afTume the Glory of railing our Credit, enlarging our Trade, 
and eftabHfhing our prefent Profperity. 

Vol.. I. Tt ^'Nox 

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( 330 ) 
^^^^Oeo^h * Nor arc oor Forei^ Afl^irs in a Ids flourilhing Conditi' 
; on, than thofe at Home, fo far as I am capable of judging on 
the common Appearance of Things, without being in the Se- 
crets of the Cabinet. 

* We can have no Apprehenfions from, our neareft Neigh- 
boar, France. For that Kii^om b engaged to us by many 
ftrift Treaties, and I have heard the French Bona Fidesy of 
late Years, as much aflerted and extolled in this Houie, as I 
have fbnnerly heard it ridiculed and exploded. Befides, we 
have a vigilant Minifter at Paris, who by his own Skill and 
Penetration in Politicks, as well as by good Advice and 
Affifbmce from hence, is not only promoting the Britiih In- 
terefts there, but influencing add direfting the French Councib. 

* Nor can we have any Pretence to keep up thofe Forces 
on account of Danger fiom Spain. For, if that Monarchy 
fhould be indifcreet enough to retain the leafl harfh Remem- 
brance of any pretended ill Ufage from Great Britain : If 
it fhould refent our glorious and feafonable Conqueft over 
their Fleet in the Mediterranean, \^eep, 185] for which we 
ibuck a Medal with pompous Infcriptions : If it fhould infift 
on the Reflitution of Gibraltar and Port-Mahon, which, in 
iny humble Opinion, can never be furrender'd without the 
higheft Infamy, as well as Injury, to England. I fay, if any 
thing of this kind fhould remain in the Bi^afl of the Court of 
Spain, notwithflanding our Treaties and daily Negotiations 
there, it is our Comfort, that we need fear no Inva£on from 
their Armada ; that the Mutability of their Counfels, their 
Pretenfions in Italy, their Diflance from Great Britain, render 
it imprafticable for them, to annoy or diftrefs us. And if 
King Philip's Refignation of that Crown was a good Argu- 
ment the laft Year, for continuing the Four thoufand Aug- 
mentation Troops, then his Refumption 6f it now mufl be a 
good one for difbanding them this Year. 

* The Emperor's perfonal Obligations to Great Britain arc 
fuch, that it is impoflible for him to entertain any ill Intends 
ons againfl us, either on account of the Oflend-Eafl-India 
Company, or of his Majefty's prions Endeavours to remove 
the Religious Grievances in Germany, and to promote the 
Proteflant Interefl there, of which he is the great Guardian. 

* The Dutch are our old natural Allies, and always ready 
to aflift us. Nor is it their Fault, that we have fbmetimes 
difputed amongft our felves concerning the Expence of tn^i- 
iporting their auxiliar Forces. They are bound to us, by 
antient Ties of Gratitude, for their original Prefervation, 
and by, what is yet a flronger Cement, their owp prefcnt 
Intereil and Safety. 

* As to the two Northern Crowns of Sweden and Denmark, 
They have in their Turns received our ProtefUon, and tail- 

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' ( 331 ) 
ied of our Bounty. We all remember the famous -^Era, *^° ^i^ '• 
\vlien Two Hundred and Fifty Thoufand Pounds, as well as | '^*^ 
many fmaller Supplies ilnce, were raifed on that Account. 
{^See p. 1 25] Befides, we are to hope our Expeditions into 
the Baltkk, under the Condu^ of a brave Officer \Sir John 
Morris\ nere prefent, have been as efledual as they have been 
expenfive, and that our Fleet has not only awed them into 
a Reconciliation betwixt themfelves, but into an abfolute 
Submifllon to Great Britain. 

* The Czar is ftretching his Conqueib into remote Parts 
of the World, and if what we hear of a late Treaty be 
true, that it is made entirely in favour of Great Britain, with-^ 
out any regard to Foreign Principalities, we can apprehend 
nothing from our new Ally, who is otherwife fo fully em- 
ployed. For, however extoifive our mediating Care may 
be, I prefume we are not engaged with him to oppde the 
intended Succeffion of the Crown of Poland, or to fettle the 
Balance of Empire in Periia. 

' If fuch then 4s our profperous Situation at Home anci 
Abroad, Why ihould we be denied the promifed happy 
^Confequences of it ? Why ihould we be afiaid of reducing 
our Land Forces ? Why ihould we not at leafl Ibike off 
the Four thoniand Augmentation Troops, in Compaffion to 
a Nation loaded, and almoil funk with Dd>t ? For ihould a 
Storm arife after this Calm, ihould any new Events pro* 
dace a Rupture in Europe, it will be time enough, if we are 
either prompted by our own heroick Difpofition, or bound 
by any inviolable Treaties, to enter into the Quarrels of 
the Continent, I fay, it will be time enough, when the 
War ihall be adually declared, to lend our Affifbnce to 
thofe, whom we voluntarily efpoufe, or to perform our En* 
gagements to our refpedive Allies, if they ihall not be found 
romantick an4 imprafticable. We have the Opinion of a 
BU^ eminent Author in Civil Learning, * That it is more 

* grievous to any Nation to bear the leaft extraordinary Taxes 

* m Times of Peace, than to endure die greateft ImpoHtions 

* in Times of War. Becaufe a War may prove advan** 

* tageous, may terminate in Conqueft and glorious Acquifi-' 
' tions. But a Continuance of extraordinary Taxes, widiouC 

* it, muft inevitably end in Poverty and Ruin.' 
* Now I can never be fo unjuft to his Majefty's moft 

vSA and gracious Government, as to afcribe our prefent 
Trsnqoility to the Continuance of an extraordinary Number 
of Troops, any more, than I can believe, it would ceaie 
at the Redu^nof Pairt of them. This would be adan^ 
gerous, as well as an abfurd Do6irine, with relation to us 
at I^nne. For ihould it be admitted, that above Eighteen 
thouiaDd Land' Forces have not only ptocured ourprefenc 
' - • T t a Tran- 

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( 332 ) 
Anno II. Geo. I. Tranquility, but that they arc abfolutely nect^dary to tli 
Security of the Kingdom ; then it willibllow, that the £uiie 
Number will always be abfolutely necedary ; that a militaij 
Power is the moft pacifick Form of Govemment ^ aiid tku 
an Anny will be a better Preferver of Peace and Plenty, a 
better Guardian of our Civil and Religious Rights, than the 
Law of the Land. This Do£bine too, coniidered widi 
regard to the Refpedi and Influence we may have Abroad, 
is as abfurd and ill grounded : For that Refpe£t and Ib- 
fluence can never proceed from, the Number of Land- 
Forces, we m^y think fit to burthen our felves with in Tine 
of Peace : But it muft proceed horn the Advanti^es of 
our Natural Situation, from our Naval Strength, ifrom our ex- 
tended Commerce, from our vaft Riches, which have enabled 
us to carry on long and e}^enfive Wars ; to maintain, when 
our Allies failed in their Quota's, three great Armies at 
once in three diftant Nations ; and thefe Advantages will ever 
enable us to hold the Balance of Power in Europe, iuile6 
worn out with unneceflary and infupportable Taxes. 

* But, if not fo much as the Four thouiand Augmentattoii 
Troops are to be parted with, if they are to be continued 
till the Pretences of all the Princes in Europe (hall be adjufi- 
ed, till the different Interefts of difierent Naticms fhall be 
reconciled, till the Claim of Bremen and Verden fhall be fol- 
ly fettled and acquiefc^ in, till the long expedited Form of 
a Congrefs (hall be compleated, I freely own. I am not 
without my Apprehenfions, that our immenfe National Dd)t, 
inftead of being annually reduced, will be daily increafed ; 
that our prefent Grievances, for Grievances we have in tbe 
midfl of all our Tranquility, inftead of being fpeedily n- 
moved, will become perpetual, and we may dream of BiGffings 
we fhall never enjoy. 

' On the whole, I am againfl continuing the Number of 
Forces propofed, and for disbanding at lca£t the Four thoo- 
fand Augmentation Troops.* 

Mr Yonge. Mr Shippcn having done Speaking, Mr. Yonge rofe up 

and faid, < That he was obHgM to the Gentlemen that fppke 
on the other Side, for fumifhing him with Reafbns for keep- 
ing up the prefent Number of Troops : That the profperous 
Situation of Aflairs, the Peace with all Powers Abroad, nd 
the perfeft Tranquility at Home, being in a great Meafnre, 
owing to the good Poflure we were in both by Sea and 
Land, which made us refpe£ted Abroad, and fecure at Hooie, 
it were Imprudence not to continue thofe Forces on tke 
fame Foot. That the Parliament had indeed obliged King 
William, of glorious Memoiy, to reduce his Army to fcven 
thoufand Men« But what was the Confequcnce of it ? Why, 


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( 333 ) 
tmely, the French King was thereby encoungM to acknow- ^*^ "• ^^- ^ 
ledge and proclaim the Pretender, as King of England, and \_|-^^' j 
to feize on the Monarchy of Spain, which was the Occafion 
of a long, bloody, and expenfive War. That as to the ^c* 
du^on of the Arniy after the Peace of Utrecht, it was well 
known, that it was principally owing to thofe who were 
for having an Army of another Stamp. That this Re- 
dndion would have proved fatal to the Proteflant Succeffion^ 
had fbme People had Time to ripen their Defigns. That 
at leaft it encouiag'd a great Rebellion foon after his Ma- 
je^^s happy, and ahnoft miraculous, Acceffion to the Crown : 
And as the Spirit and Difccmtents which raisM that Rebel'* 
Hon, were not yet wholly extinguifliM and fubduM, they 
would foon fee Infurreftions at Home, and the Peace of 
Burope difturb'd Abroad, if they parted with the Army/ 
After this the Queftion being put upon Mr Pelham's Mo- 
tion, it was carry'd in the Affirmative, by 206 Voices againft 
69 ; and refolv*d, I. That the Number of effedive Men 
to be provided for Guards and Garrifons in Great Bri- 
tain, and for Jerfey and Guemfey, for the Year 1725, be, 
including 181 5 Invalids, 18,264 Men ; Commiflion and 
Non-Commiflion Officers included. II. That the Sum of 
654,488 1. 17 s. 8 d. be granted for the Charge of the faid 
18,264 effijftiveMen, for the Year 1725. 

January 23. A Petition of Edward Earl of Oxford, and APcUtionoftbo 
of Henry Lord Morpeth, two of the Guardians of the ^^^SMwLb 
Perfon and Eftates of Elizabeth Duchefs Dowager of comphiiuA|of the 
Montagu, a Lunatick, >vas prefented to the Houfe, and ^oJSJS^thl.'''' 
i«ad, fetting forth. That very great Sums of Money of ^nitkOmar 
the faid Lunatick*s Eilate have, purfuant to Orders of the 
Court of Chancery, been brought before Mr Hiccocks, late 
one of the Mafters of the faid Court, and Mr Thomas Ben- 
net his Succefibr, now one of the Matters of the faid Court, 
in order to be placed out at Intereil for the Benefit of the 
faid Lunatick, upon Securities to be approved by the faid 
Mailers refpedively: That upon examining into the Ac* 
counts of die Mailers in Chancery, relating to the Suitors 
Mmies brought before them, coniiderable Deficiencies ap* 
pear ; and that the iaid Mr Thomas Bennet has not depoiit- 
cd, purfuant to Orders of the faid Court, feveral Mortgages 
for large Sums of Money, belonging to the Eftates of the 
&id Lunatick ; neither hath he depoiited nor fecured, pur- 
fuant to Orders of the faid Court, 9000 1. and upwaids, of 
lis Balance of Caih ; and praying iuch Relief as the Houfe 
Ihall think fit 

This Petition coming unexpededly into the Houfe, whilft 
the Accounts of the Mailers in Chancery were put in a 
Covfe of E^camination before the Lords Commiffioners of 

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( 334 ) 

^^ J^ *• t]ic Great Seal, the iaid Petition was ordered to lie upon the 

\_i"-j~' J Table : Bat a Motion being made. That the proper Officer, 

A Modoii relating OT Oftoers, of the Court of Chancery, do lay be£»re this 

oJSS^f*"^ Houfe Copies of the Orders made by the Coiot, r^ting^ 

the Aocoiaits, and the Efftds belonging to the Suitors, in 

the Haads of ^ MaAers of the Coait of C^iancery, djtfed 

die 17th and 21ft of December laft, with Copies of die 

Remrti theMm mendoned ,* and alfo the Accoimts of dte 

frid Mafteri rating theitto, with dieir feveral £xplaiia.doiis 

The Debute ttere* of the faid Accoutits ; a great Debate arofe thereupon, in 

**** • which fome fisvere Animadverficms were made on the Con- 

^la of the Earl of Macclesfield, late Loid Chancdlor. 

Hien Mr Henty Pelham mov*d, * That the Debate be ad- 

kmm*d to die 9di of February, which was carried by a great 


Fthnmry 9. Mr Methuen acquainted the Houfe, that he had 
a Menage from his Majefty to the Hoafe, %nM by his Ma* 
jefly ; and that he was conunanded by his Majefty to ky be- 
fore the Houfe Copies of (everal Reports and other Papers 
reladng to the Mafbrs in Chancery ; and he delivered his 
Majefty^s MelTage to Mr Speaker, and the faid Copies and 
other Reports, at the Table. His Majefty's Mefiage was read 
by Mr Speaker, as follows, viz. 


King*tMeflkfe re- 
lating to the Sui- 
tors m Chancery*, 
and the Accounts 

der the King's 
MefTage and the 
Papers referr*d 

HI 8 Majefty having Reafon to apprehend, that the 
Suitors of the Court of Chancery were in Dai^;er 
of lofing a confiderable Sum of Money from the Infi^- 
** ciency of fwne of the Matters, thought himfelf obli- 
** ged, in Juftice and Companion to the faid SuitcM^ 
*' to take the moft ipeedy and proper Method the Law 
** would allow, for inquiring into the State of the Mailers 
" Accounts, and fecuring their Efie£b for the Benefit of the 
** Suitors : And his Majefty having had fereral Reports laid 
'* before him in purfuance of the Directions he had givai, 
** has ordered the faid Reports to be communicated te this 
** Houfe, that this Houfe may have as full and as perled a 
'* View of this important Affair, as the Shortnefs of the 
*' Time, and the Circtmfiflances and Nature of the Proceed- 
** ings would admit of." 

Then the faid Reports, together with fcmie of the Papers 
referred to therein, were read, and ordered to be taken into 
&rther Confideradon on the 1 2th Inftant. 

Feb, 12. The Houfe took into Confideradon the feveral 
Reports and Papers referred to in his Majefty's MeKage of 
the 9th Inflant. After the reading Part of the fanl Papers^ 
Sir George Oxcnden^ Bart rofe op, and faid^ * That it 

■ " mani^ 

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( ws ) 

n^anifeftly agpear'd by thefe Reports^ which after the fhift- Mmoti. Oeo.L 
rft Inquiry, aad upon the matureft Deliberation, had been i^^j^it a 
Irawn up by Perfons of the greateft Weight and Authority, ^■^^r^*^ 
For their Abilities, Experience, High Stations, and Integri- 
:y i That enormous Abufes had crept into the High Court of 
L^hancery, chiefly occaiion'd by the Magiftrate, who was at 
the Head of that Court, and whofe Duty confequendy it 
ivas, to prevent the fame. That the Crimes and Mii^- 
meanors of the lat^ Lord Chancellor were many, and of 
various Natures, but might be reducM to thefe three Heads. 
I. That he had t^en into his own Hands the Eftates and After the Confide- 
Cf{«6b of many Widows, Orphans, and Lunaticks, and ei- S{^"S5cII^ 
ther had difpos'd of Part of them arbitrarily to his own Pro- moves for im- 
iit, or connived at the Officers under him making Advan- ^lof Wcief. 
tage of the fame. II. That he had raifed to an exorbitant cHm^^hUf^ 
Price the Offices and Pkxes of the Mailers of Chancery, demeanor*. 
and in order to enable them to pay to him thofe high Prices 
and Gratuities for their Admiffion, had truftedin their Hands 
large Sums of' Money belonging to Suitors in Chancery. 
III. That in feveral Cafes he had made divers irregular Or- 
ders. So that in his Opinion, that firil Magiftrate in the Debate thereon. 
Kingdom was fallen from the Height of the Dignities and 
Honours, to which he had been rais'd by the Kme's royal 
Bounty and Favour, to the Depth of Infamy and Difgrace. ^ 
And therefore he. movM, That Thomas Earl of Macclesfield 
be impeached of High Crimes and Mifdemeanors.* 

Thiis Motion was feconded by Mr Strickland, and Mr Dod- Mrstricidand. 
dington, who ikid, * TheMifdeamenorsof thelateLordChan- Mr Doddington, 
celior were of the greateft and moft dangerous Confequence, 
iince moil of the Eftates in England, once in thirty Years, 
pals through the Court of Chancery.' Mr William Pulteney, ^ ^ prfteney, 
who ftood up next, faid, * That it was £sa from his Thoughts 
to endeavour to al^te the jtiil Refentment which the Gentle- 
men who fpoke laft, fhew*d againfl the great Abufes that had 
been committed in the Court of Chancery : But that in his 
Opinion, they went a little too fail in fo weighty and impor^- 
tant an A^ir, by which Means they might lofe the very 
End they aim'd at, viz. the effi^&aal punifhing the Perfon by 
whofe Negle^ at leaft, thofe Abufes had been committed ; 
That whatever Deference they ought to pay on this Occa- 
fion, to the Capacity, Experience, Integrity, and Authority 
of the Perfons who had drawn up the Reports that had been 
laid before them, yet it little became the Dignity, and was 
even derogatory to the Prerogative of that Houfe, which is 
the grand Inqueft of the Nation, to found an Impeachment 
upon thofe Reports, without a previous Inquiry, and Exa- 
mination into the Proofs that were to fupport it ; and there- 
fore woy'd, that this Afeir might be referred to the Con- 


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( 336 ) 
fideratioii of a ieled QMiinittee.* He was kic^M I^ Sir 
_ ^ _ William Wykidham, who urg*d, * That by proceeding by 
8ir w. wyndham. Way of Impeachment upon Reports laid before them from 
above, the Commons would make a dangerous Precedent, 
and feem to give up the moil valuable of their Privileges, 
Sir wflf. uwibn. ^' ^^ Inqucft after State Criminals.* Sir Wilfred Lawfon, 
Sir y/'?*'^* and Sir Thomas Pengelly fupported Mr Pultcney's Motioii. 
^lalm^weut' ^t Mr Yonge*, and Sir Clement Wearg f anfwer'd thofe 
Obje^ns, whereupon the previous Quefbon was put. Whe- 
ther the QuelKon be now put upon Sir George Oxenden'^s 
Motion ? Which after fome Debate was carry'd in the Af- 
firmative, by a Majority of 273 Voices againft 164. Then 
The Vaait refeite ^« "^ain Queftion being put, it was rcfolv'd by the fame 
^uf^Sc^ Majority, That Thomas Earl of Macdesfidd be impeach'd 
c^ «^ ""J^ of High Crimes and Mifdemeanors ; and it was ordered, that 
demeanoors, and a Sir Geofge Oxenden do go up to the Lords, and at their Bar, 
S"t?5lSrTiJ?-^» ^^ Name of the Houfe of Commons, and of aU the 
tides accordingly. Commons of Great Britain, impeach Thomas Earl of Mac- 
clesfield of High Crimes and Mifdemeanors ; and acquaint 
them, that this Houfe would, in due Time, exhibit parti- 
cular Articles againft him, and make good the fame. Then 
a Committee waS appointed to draw up Articles of Impeach- 
ment againft Thomas Earl of Macclesfield ; to which Com- 
mittee the feveral Reports referred to in his Majefty*s Mef- 
fage, were refeir'd. After this,« upon a Motion made by 
Mr Weft, and feconded by Mr Edward Thompfon, a Bill 
was order'd to be brought in. To indemnify the Mafters of 
ABiHof^Mto Chancery from the Penalties of the AS of the ^th and ^th 
^^c^^ ^^^'•^ ^f^^H ^d-ward VI, againft buying and felling ofOf^ 
DHcoveiy of what ^rf /, Upon their difcovering <what Conftderation, Price, or 
thcix pSet, " Gratuity they paid, or agreed to pay, for the Pur chafe oj^^ 
or for their Admijfion to, their Offices, 

February 13. Sir George Oxenden reported, That he had 
been at the Bar of ^he Houfe of Lords, and in the Name 
of this Houfe, and of all the Commons of Great Britain, had 
impeached Thomas Earl of Macclesfield of High Crimes 
and Mifdemeanors, and acquainted the Lords, That the 
Commons would, in due Time, exhibit particular Articles 
againft him, and make good the fame. After this, Mr Weft 
Which is read prcfentcd to the Houfe, a Bill, For indemnifying the Mafters 
u^b^i^i^t'^^ //* Chancery from the Penalties of the Aa of the ^th and 
6th Tears of King Edivard the VI, againft buying and felling 
of Offices, upon their dif cohering fwhat Confideration, Price, 
or Gratuity they paid, or agreed to pay, for the Purchafe of, 
or for their Admijpon to, their refpeSli've Offices, Which Bill 

• One 0/ the Lords of the Treafttry, 

•f- Aminted Solicitor General^ Feb. zd, l^^yz^y in the Reom cf St 
Philip lorkei mMde Atto'wy Generak 

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( 337 ) 
was immediately read the firll, and fecond Time, and with- ^^ n. Geo. i. 
out going through a Committee, ordered to be engroffed. ^^yg- ^ 

Feb. 1 5. The faid engroffed Bill was read the third Time, And paflet th« 
pafs'd and fent up to the Lords. *^^*' 

Feb, 24. Sir George Oxenden acquainted the Hoiife, that 
he was direded by the Committee appointed to draw up Ar- 
ticles of Impeachment againft the Earl of Macclesfield, to 
move the Houfe, That fuch Perfons as the Committee fhould 
find it neceflary to examine, be examined in the moil folemn 
Manner ; which was order'd accordingly. 

March 17. A Bill, For better effeSiing the pious Intention of a Bill relating to 
building fifty Ne<w Churches, &c. purfuant to a Meflage from ilLwcC^S?. 
the King, ^#^. 10. recommending fuch a Bill to the Confidera- Time^Mr onflow 
tion of the Houfe, was read a fecond Time, and committed movelforaCkufe 
to a Committee of the whole Houfe, who were order'd to poiitkk*or1?orp^-'^ 
receive a Claufe^ to confirm Miniftcrs and Qurates in. the TnyAroS^f 
Enjoyment of fuch poor Livings as are, or Ihall hereafter be. Livings. 
augmented by the Governors of Queen Anne's Bounty, for 
the Augmentation of the Maintenance of the poor Clergy ; 
Hereupon a Motion was made by Mr Arthur Onflow, and the 
Queftion put, * That the laid Committee have Power to 
receive another Claufe or Claufes, to difable or render in- 
capable any Bodies Politick or Corporate, Brotherhoods or 
Societies, to purchafe or take any Right of Advowfon, Patro- Debate thereon. 
nage, Prefentation, Nomination, Collation, or Donation of,i 
in, or to any Benefice with Cure of Souls 5 or of, in, or to 
any Donative, or any other Ecclefiaftical Preferment what- 
ibever.' He was feconded by Serjeant Miller, and back'd serj. Miiicr. 
by Mr Sandys, and fome other Members, but being opposed MrS:*jy8. 
by Mr Yonge, Mr Oglethorpe, Mr Hungerford, and Mr Mr Yonge. 
R. Walpole, the previous Queftion being put, that the M'xK^tf^l 
Queilion be now put, it was carried in the Negative, by Mr r. waipoie. 
1 44 Voices againft 74. The Defign of this Motion was to 
relirain the two Univerfities of Oxford and Caihbridge, from 
purchafmg new Advowfons and Prefentations of Benefices. 

March \ 8. Sir George Oxenden, from the Committee 
appointed to draw up Articles of Impeachment againil Tho- sir ccorg? oxen- 
mas Earl of Macclesfield, acquainted the Houfe, that they ffcV/K^^e^'* 
had drawn up feveral Articles accordingly, which they had Committee of im- 
direded him to report to the Houfe ; and he farther ac- the WrUf Mac- 
quainted the Houfe, that they had other Matters depending ci^^i^w. 
before them, relating to their Inquiry : and he read the Re- 
port in his Place, and afterwards delivered the Articles in Debate thereon, 
at the Table, where they were read by the Clerk. Thcfe 
Articles were one and twenty in Number, and the two firfl 
relating to OflFences faid to ^be committed before the Ad of 
Indemnity paffed in the Year 1721, Mr Conduit, Member Mr Condait, 
for Whitchurch, mov'd, that the faid Articles be recommitted. 

Vol. I. U u Hereupon 

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( 338 ) 
inno II. Geo. I. Hereupon Mr Walter Plomer, one of the Committee that 
^1 7X4-1$^ ^ j^^ drawn up the Articles, {aid, * That the Crimes, for 
irKomcr. which the Earl of Macclesfield was impeached, being com- 
plicated, and having a Relation to, and Dependence upon, 
one another, they could not mention one without the other.' 
UrPha.yorke. He was anfwer'd by Sir Philip Yorke*, who fpoke for the 
Motion for recommitting the Articles. To this. Sir Thomas 
sirTho.PengcUy. pengeUy f, replyM, * That in the Cafe before them, they 
ought to diftinguifh between an Aft of Oblivion, and an Aft 
of Indemnity : That the firft is begun in either Houfe of 
Parliament, and being the Aft of the three Mates, or of the 
whole Legiflature, clears and purges Offenders of all Crimes 
therein fpecified : But that it is otherwife with an Aft of In- 
demnity, which flows from the meer Grace and Clemency 
of the Sovereign, is fent down to the Parliament, who are 
at Liberty either to accept or refufc it, but not to alter any 
Thing ; and regards only Crimes committed againfl the 
King, his Predeceffors, and Succeffors ; which was not the 
Cafe of the Earl of Macclesfield, who flood impeached for 
Crimes and Mifdemeanors committed in a high Ofiice and 
Trufl, againft his Fcllow-Subjefts.' This was anfwer'd by 
Mr Yonge. Mr Yonge, to whom Mr Weft reply'd ; and to the latter Sir 

snG, Hcaihcote. Gilbert Hcathcote. But Sir Clement Wearg having ftrenu- 
sir Qem. Wearg. ^ufly fupported Sir Thomas Pengelly's Argument, the oppo- 
fite Side drop*d the Motion without dividing. Then the 
Report being read. Paragraph by Paragraph, the feveral 
Articles were agreed to by the Houfe, and order'd to be 
^r'dtobecn" engrofled. It was alfo order'd, that a Claufe be prepared, 
groftM, faving Liberty to the Commons to exhibit any farther Ar- 

ticles againft die faid Thomas Earl of Macclesfield, and that he 
might be put to anfwer the faid Crimes nnd Mifdemeanors. 

March 19. Sir George Oxenden prefented to the Houfe a 
Qaufe faving Liberty to the Commons to exhibit farther Ar- 
ticles againft the Earl of Macclesfield, which was agreed 
to, and order'd to be engrofs'd with the Articles of Impeach- 
ment againft the faid Earl. 
And carried up to March 20. The engfofled Articles of Impeachment of 
o^ore'oxSd*^'^ High Crimes and Mifdemeanors againft Thomas Earl of 
Macclesfield were read, and order'd to be carried to the 
Lords by Sir George Oxenden ; who being retum'd re- 
ported, that he had been at the Bar of the Houfe of Lords, 
and left with the Lords tlie faid Articles of Impeachment. 

April 8. Mr R. Walpole acquainted the Houfe, That he 
had a Meffage from his Majefty to this Houfe, fign'd by his 


♦ Appoifited Mtomev Genera\ fan, 31, 171.3-24, in the Koom tfSr 
Rolf^t Kayrhmid^ made a Judge tjf the Kir^^s Bench, 
t ^i%*^ Serjeant at Law, 

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( 339 ) 
Majelly, and he delivcr'd the fame to Mr Speaker, who Annoii.cco. i 
read the fame to the Houfe, as follows, viz. ^, ^^^1: 

" 'np^HE Neceflities of his Majc%*s Govenmient having King** Me^e 
** I rendered it impradlicable for liis Majefty to make J^'^VI^-a^Vv 

^, rjiir.1. -^iT^*^ r X* Civil Lift Debts. 

** any coniiderable Retrenchments m the Expences of his 
'* Civil Lift ; and having engag'd his Majefty in fome ex- 
** traordinary Expences, which, he is perfuaded, his loyal 
** Commons will believe have been employed, not only for 
** the Honour and Dignity of the Crown, but for the Inte- 
'* reft and Pro(perity of his People j His Majefty hopes, 
** from the known Zeal and Afteftion of this Parliament to 
** His Perfon and Government, that he may be enabled to 
" make ufe of the Funds, lately fettled for the Payment of 
** the Civil Lift Annuities, and for re-placing the fame to 
<* his Majefty, in the moft advantageous Manner, and upon 
** the Credit thereof to raife a Sum of Money fufficient to 
** redeem thofe Annuities, and to difcharge the prefent 
*' Debts contracted in his Civil Government.'* 

Hereupon it was refolved to take his Majefty's moft gra- ^vwch isreferrM 
cious Meflage into Confideration, the next J^iy^ in a Com- SJ^^oTJhSSc?'^ 
mittee of the whole Houfe j and, in the mean Time, 
Mr Scrope, by his Majefty 's Conmiand, prefented to the 
Houfe, An Account of the Debts upon the Civil Lift, at 
Michaelmas 1724, and alfo. An Account of the Payments 
into the Exchequer upon the Dedu^ions of Six-Pence in the 
Pound, [See p, 259,] for the Year ending at Lady-day, 1725. 
And the faid Accounts being read, were feverally ordered to 
be referred to the Consideration of the faid Committee. 

After the Reading of thcfe Papers, Mr Pulteney took No- MrPuitcney^sMo^ 
tice, • That it was not long fince [fviz. July, 1721.] a Fund fbr"n°^o^?;f 
was given to difcharge the Debts of the Civil Lift ; and there- fro^h^^^^of** 
fore it was Matter of Surprixe, that fo many new ones had ^^'^^•> »7ai, ^ 
been contraded in fo fhort a Time ; that if Things were '^^^l^^^^^''^ 
carried on at this Rate, there would be no End of it ; that 
it was incumbent upon them to inquire into the Caufes of ' 
, this growing Evil ; and therefore mov'd. That an Addrefs 
be prefented to his Majefty, that he would gracioufly be 
pleajfed to give Direftions, that the proper Ofiicer or Officers 
of the Exchequer, Excife, Cuftoms, and Poft-Office, do lay 
before the Houfe an Account of all Monies which have been 
iftTued and paid out of the faid Offices to any Perfon or Per- 
fons on Account, for the Privy-Purfe, Secret-Service, Pen- 
fions. Bounties; or any Sum or Sums of Money to any which « agreed 
Perfon or Perfons whatfoever without Account^ from March 
25th, 1721, to March 25th, 1725.' And being back'd by 
fcveral Members, the faid Addrefs was voted accordingly. 

Uu2 The 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

Anno If. Geo. I. 

The Earl of Mac- 
clesfield's Anfwer 
to the Articles of 
Impeachment ro^ 
ferrM to the 

Debate on the 
Kii^s Meflage 
relating to the 
Civil Lift Debts. 


Mr H. I^lham. 
Mr IL Walpolc. 

( 340 ) 

The feme Day the Earl of Macclesfield having ^ven into 
the Houfe of Lords his Anfwer to the Articles of Impeach- 
ment exhibited againft him by the Commons ; their Lord- 
ihips icnt, the next Day, a Copy to the Houfe of Commons, 
who referred the Confideraticn thereof to the Committee 
appointed to draw up the laid Articles of Impeachment. 

Jpril. 9. A Motion being made for the Speaker to leave 
the Chair, that the Houfe might go into a Grand Committee, 
to confider of his Majefty's moft Gracious MeiTage about tiip 
t)ebts of the Civil Lift, Mr Pulteney reprefented, ' That 
the Houfe having order'd an Addrels to b^ prefented to hjs 
Majefty, for feveral Papers relating to the Civil Lift a^d 
other Expcnces, they ought, in his Opinion, to put off the 
Confideration of his Majefty's Meflage, till thofe Papers ^e« 
laid before the Houfe ; it being natural to inquire into the 
Caufes of a Difeafe, before one applies Remedies to it.' Mr 
Yonge, Mr H. Pelham *, and Mr R. Walpoje, having opposed 
it,. Mr Pulteney faid, • He wonder'd l^pw fo great a Debt 
[i;/«. 508,367 1. 19 s. 4 d.] could be contracted in three Yeap 
Time, but vyas not furprized fome Perfons were fo eager to 
have thofe Deficiencies made good, firice they and their Friends 
had fo great a Share in it. And defired to know whether 
this was all that was due, or whether they were to expcd 
another Reckoning ? ' To this no direft Anfyver was given ; 
but in general, it was faid, * That there was, indeed, a 
heavy Debt on the Civil Lift, and a great many Penfions ; 
but that moft of thefe had been granted in King William's 
and Queen Anne's Reigns, fome by King Charles the Se- 
cond, and very few by his prefent Majefty. That fince the 
Civil Lift was firft fettled for his Majefty, an E^pencc of 
about 90,000 1. per Annum had happened, which could not 
then be forefcen, and therefore was left unprovided for: 
That upon Examination of the Account given in of the Civfl 
Lift Debts, it would appear, that moft of thofe Expences 
were either jfor the nece&ry Support of the Dignity of the 
Oown and Government, or for the Publick Good : That 
there was, indeed, a Penfion of 5Q00I. of another Natarc, 
viz. upon Account of the Cofferer's Place, but which could 
not well be avoided ; for both the Lord Godolphin, who 
was in that Office, and his Father, had fo well deferv'd of 
the Government, that they could not handfomely remove 
him without a Gratuity ; and therefore they gave his Lord- 
ftiip a Penfion of 5000 1. to make Room for the wor- 
thy Gentleman, {meaning Mr W. Pulteney\ who now en- 
joys f that Poft.' Then the Commons, in a Grand Cwn- 


• One (f the Lw^s rf thel^^ejtfttry. 
■ t Reviov'^from Ms Flacf of Offerer of ^e Ho-JhoU «t the latUr £W qf 
^s SeJJion, 

y Google 

[ 34« ] 
nittee^ took his Majefty's MefTage into G)nfideration^ and a Aanon. gm.l 
V/Iotion was made, ' That for the Redeeming the Annuities . i?*!l 
>f 25,000 1. per jfmtttm, charged on the Civil Lift Revenues, 
>y an Aft of Parliament of the Seventh Year of his Majeily, 
ind for difcliarging the Debts and Arrears due from his Ma- 
efty to his Servants, Tradefmen, and others, his Majefty 
3e enabled to raife any Sum, not exceeding one Million, by 
Exchequer-Bills, Loans, or otherwife, on the Credit of the ^^otionforraifi 
Deductions of Six-pence per Pound, diredted by the faid a MiSion for r^ 
Aa of the Seventh Year of his Majefty's Reign, and of the nuiSJff^^L 
faid Civil Lift Revenues, at an Intereftor Rate not exceeding ^ntlScM*! lS^'** 
3 L per Cent, per Jnnum, till Repayment of the Principal.' «Ki foraying tiie 
This Motion occafion d a farther Debate ; but the Queftion * ^ 
being put, it was refolv'd in the Affirmative, by 239 Votes 
againft 119. This Refolution being the next Day reported, 
was agreed to by the Houfe, and a Bill was ordered to be 
brought in thereupon. 

Jpril 10. It was refolv'd to addrefs his Majefty, for an Addrefi for an Ac- 
Account of the grofs and clear Produce of the Branches of dS^cof^t^^CiS 
the Revenue of the Civil Lift Funds, from Chriftmas 1699, LiAfrumi699,to 
to Lady-day 171 5. Which Addrefs was readily complied ^^^^' 

Jpril 20. The Lord Finch *, Knight of the Shire for Rut- Lord Finch offert 
land, having offered a Petition of Henry St. John, late Vif- Siono" Hcn^^** 
count Bolingbroke, to be prefented to the Houfe: Mr R. B5u^b?oS['"'** 
Walpole acquainted the Houfe, that he had received his Ma- 
jefty's Conunands to acquaint the Houfe, That the Petitioner 
had, feven Years iince, made his humble Application and 
Subroiflion to his Majefty, with Affurances of Duty, Alle- 
giance, and Fidelity, which his Majefty fo iar accepted, as 
to give him Encouragement to hope for fome future Marks of 
his Majefty^s Grace and Goodnefs ; and that his Majefty it 
iktisiied that the Petitioner's Behaviour has been fuch, as con- 
vinces his Majefty that he is an Objed of his Majefty's Mer- 
cy ; and his Majefty confents that this Petition be profented 
to the Houfe. 

Then the faid Petition was brought up and read, fetting 
£>rth. That the Petitioner is trulv concerned (ot his Offence, 
in not having furrendred himfelf, purfuant to the Diredions 
of an Ad of the firft Year of his Majefty's Reign, whereby 
the Petitioner was attainted of High Treafon, and for- 
feited all his Real and Perfonal Eftate, [Seep. 39.] and by 
Reafon thereof hath fuffered very great Loftes : That upcn 
the Petitioner's Marriage in 1700, Sir Walter St. John, 


* GentUman of tht BeJdmmber to the l^rwoe. Af^iMti CmHtnXkt ff