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942.7402 
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1334070 



M. L. 



GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 00723 8329 



THE HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



storks of SHilliam ^mitji, ^.^M.^. 



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THE BIRTHPLACE OF CHARLOTTE BRONTE. By William Scruton. 
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Address— Mr. W. Scruton, West Bowling, Bradford. 




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IVoodbtirytype, 



Rev. R. B. THOMPSON. 



From a Photograph by RUSSELL cr' SONS, London, 



o 
THE 



HISTORY & ANTIQUITIES 



OF 



PUDSEY. 



BY 

SIMEON RAYNER. 



Edited by 
WILLIAM SMITH, F.S.A.S., 

AUTHOR OF " MORLEY : ANCIENT AND MODERN ; EDITOR OF "OLD YORKSHIRE." 






iLontion: 
LONGMANS, GREEN, AND Co., 

1887. 




LEEDS : 
PRINTED BY GOODAI.L AND SUDDICK, COOKRIDGE STREET. 




1334070 

To collect the scattered memorials of bygone times, and 

t present them to his fellow-townsmen in a connected and 

I readable form, was the life-long desire and sincerest wish of the 

Kauthor of the following pages. In preparing this work, con- 

^ taining an epitome of nearly all that relates to Pudsey and its 

neighbourhood, he spared no pains to obtain the best and most 

accurate information, and carefully consulted many manuscripts 

hitherto unpublished. 

As to the fitness of Mr. Rayner for the work of the his- 
torian, no one who had the pleasure of his acquaintance, can 
for one moment doubt, that he was eminently fitted to be the 
chronicler of his native town. He had spent every spare 
moment in the acquisition of genealogical, historical, and topo- 
graphical facts, and whether they came under his notice in 
written papers or in conversation, he carefully noted them, and 
systematically stored them away for future use. The desire to 
be accurate was with him a passion, and all who came in con- 
tact with him could not but admire his industry and care as a 
genealogical and topographical collector. 



vi. PREFACE. 

For more than a quarter of a century, Mr. Rayner had been 
accumulating fact upon fact, and there are, probably, not many 
families in Pudsey, save recent importations, of whom he had 
not a more or less complete account. The parish registers 
received careful transcription from his pen, and he knew well 
the genealogical value of- wills and deeds. For years past he 
was the oracle to whom all inquirers into Pudsey history 
resorted. Antiquarian students in neighbouring towns per- 
petually made use of his kindly advice and counsel, and those 
who were thus benefited gave him some return in kind, and thus 
matters came into his possession that would not have been 
entrusted to one less discreet. 

Although the author, at the time of his death, had written 
out the greater part of his work, he had left the modern history 
of the place comparatively untouched, and it must therefore be 
understood by the reader that the chapters dealing with the 
modern development of the town, and the sketches of worthies, 
living and dead, have, in the main, been written by the Editor, 
who is anxious that Mr. Rayner should not be held responsible 
for another person's views or opinions. 

The chapters dealing with the social condition and manu- 
factures of Pudsey have been purposely abbreviated, these 
features having been already fully described in an excellent 
work lately published by Mr, Joseph Lawson, entitled " Progress 
in Pudsey during the last Sixty Years." The opportune 
appearance of this work has enabled me to devote the space at 
my disposal in the present volume to matters of greater anti- 
quarian interest. 

I am anxious to express my acknowledgments for all the 
help rendered to me in the preparation of this work, for 
without such assistance I should have been unable to present 
many interesting facts and pleasing illustrations to the reader. 
My especial thanks are due to Mr. Samuel Margerison, of Cal- 
verley, for his careful supervision of the chapter on the Early 



PREFACE Vll. 

Civil History of Pudsey, and for other valuable communica- 
tions ; to Mr. W. VVheater, for his notes on place-names ; to 
Mr. J. T. Beer, F.S.A.S., for the very complete and satisfactory 
manner in which he has woven together the interesting facts 
connected with the history of the Moravian Establishment at 
Fulneck ; and to the following gentlemen I am also indebted for 
many valuable suggestions : — The Rev. R. V. Taylor, B.A., 
Messrs. John Boyes, Joseph Town, Stephen Kirkwood, Geo. 
Haynes, and others. 

For the gift or loan of engravings and other illustrations, I 
am indebted to Messrs. Walter Crawshaw, of Batley ; William 
Scruton, of Bowling ; J. W, Knight, of Bradford ; " E. M. C"; 
J. Horsfall Turner, of Idle ; the Bradford Antiquarian Society ; 
John Cliff, F.G.S. ; W. Andrews, of Hull, and Mr. Pritchett, of 
Darlington. 

It is a matter of sincere regret, that the Author was not 
spared to see his work through the press, as I feel satisfied 
that, had such been the case, a much more valuable book would 
have come into the possession of the reader, but in under- 
taking the work of Editor, at the express wish of my deceased 
friend, I have striven to carry out my task in the manner which 
I think would have been most congenial to his feelings and 
desires. 



W. S. 



Osborne House,. 

MORLEY, NEAR LEEDS, June, 1887. 




^Mmm^^m^^^'^ 



Zn^moir. 



The biography of a man, who by force of perseverance, industry, and 
integrity, raises himself from the most humble surroundings, to occupy 
an honourable position amongst his fellow men, should be a stimulant to 
all thoughtful minds; and when, as in the case of the subject of our 
sketch, time is found (amidst the struggle for existence in the fierce 
competition of business life) not only for self-improvement, but for the 
cultivation of literature, and the discharge of important social and public 
duties, the story should be an encouragement to young men entering 
life, as showing to them that work is noble, and that any position, 
however humble, may be turned to wise and profitable uses. Simeon 
Rayner was a self-made man, and, for whatever attainments of a literary 
character he possessed, he was indebted to his own plodding industry, 
and careful cultivation of the reflective powers, and, above all, to the stern 
self-reliance of his early life. He was no child of fortune, nor was he 
favoured with even an ordinary education, but when he came of an age 
to understand the importance of knowledge, he became a diligent and 
earnest student of many branches of learning, including archasology, 
topography, and kindred subjects. 

Mr. Rayner was born at Greenside, Pudsey, in 1832, and was the 
son of Joshua and Esther Rayner, his father at that time, being engaged 
in the "listing" trade, an article extensively used in the woollen manu- 
facture. The only school to which young Rayner was sent, was taught 



X. ■ MEMOIR. 

by a man named Samuel Dufton, the School being "kept" in the cottage 
tenanted by the schoolmaster. The boy left this training ground when 
nine years of age, and the rest of his education was received at the 
classes of the Mechanics' Institution, of which he was one of the 
originators. While still a young man, he entered heartily into every 
movement for the welfare of his fellow townsmen, more especially for 
the young men of the village. He was throughout his whole life, an 
earnest advocate of education for the young. During his long connection 
with the Mechanics' Institution, he had several times filled the various 
oiifices of government and trust in connection therewith, and had on 
many occasions represented the Institute at the annual meetings of the 
Yorkshire Union of Mechanics' Institutions. Mr. Rayner was for several 
years a member of the Pudsey School Board, being vice-chairman at his 
death. He was also one of the founders of the Pudsey Literary Union, 
and a firm supporter of the Pudsey Choral Union, being a vice-president 
for many years. 

In religion, Mr. Rayner was a Congregationalist, and was a member 
and trustee of the Congregational Church. In politics, he was a firm and 
consistent Liberal, with the courage of his convictions, but did not 
needlessly and offensively obtrude his political views upon others. He 
was a member of the Council of the Liberal Association. 

It was mainly, however, on subjects of local history and archseology 
that Mr. Rayner was most enthusiastic, for he was an ardent antiquary, 
and most assiduous in his researches as to the past history of his native 
town. A local journal sums up his literary career as follows : — " He was 
a member — and, we believe, one of the founders — of the Bradford 
Historical and Antiquarian Society, and a member of the Yorkshire 
Arch geological and Topographical Association, Particularly did any 
matter in the history of his native town interest Mr. Rayner, and he 
delivered lectures at various times before local and other audiences, on 
the antiquities of the district. He also contributed papers to the societies 
named, both papers and lectures bearing evidences of deep and pains- 
taking research, and very accurate and sound views and conclusions. 
His collection of local memora''ilta is by far the most complete known in 
the district. In the fine arts, too, Mr. Rayner displayed considerable 



MEMOIR. XI. 

taste, and could himself sketch passably well. But it was chiefly in literary 
matters that Mr. Rayner excelled, and here his patience, industry, and 
perseverance, together with his practical, common sense view of things, 
rather than brilliancy in either writing or speaking, earned for him a good 
deal of success, and endeared him to a wide circle of litterateurs and 
friends." Mr. Rayner was a regular contributor to Notes and Queries, the 
Leeds Mercury Weekly Supplement, and also furnished many valuable 
articles and poems to The Yorkshire Magazine, Smith's Old York- 
shire, Cudworth's Round about Bradford, The Yorkshireman, Coutitry 
Words of the West Riding, Bradford Antiquary, Hull Miscellany, 
and other journals. For more than a quarter of a century he was 
the resident correspondent for the Leeds Mercury and Bradford 
Observer, and a regular contributor to the local journals. 

In June, 1886, Mr. Rayner was seized with a fatal illness, and not- 
withstanding all the care and attention, and best medical skill obtainable, 
he succumbed on the 25th day of August, to the serious internal malady 
which afflicted him. The Yorkshireman^ in a notice of his death, said : — 
" If testimony were required of how wide-spread was the esteem in which 
a worthy, but unostentatious man was held, by those who had the 
privilege of his acquaintance, it was furnished at the funeral obsequies of 
Mr. Rayner on Saturday last. Church and Chapel men closed their 
places of business, and joined with Whigs and Tories, in the funeral 
cortege, in which they found ministers and laymen, representatives of 
literary and philanthropic societies, and others, who felt that a void had 
been created in the sacred corner of their affections. Simeon Rayner 
was not a brilliant man in any respect. His chief virtues lay in his 
persevering industry in the study of archaeology ; his devotedness to his 
native town ; his fidelity to mankind. His character was written on his 
face — in fact, he was a fine specimen of a Yorkshireman. This tribute 
was accorded him at the funeral, by the Rev. Robert Collyer, D.D., of 
New York, a personal friend, and no mean judge of character." 

Dr. Collyer, in the address here alluded to, referred in feeling terms 
to his long and intimate friendship with Mr. Rayner, and bore witness 
to the equable, cheerful, kindly, and intelligent nature of the deceased. 
In the opening of his address, the rev. gentleman recited the following 



xii. MEMOIR. 

beautiful lines by the Rev. George Dawson, as being good and true to 

the time and to the deceased : — 

The saints of God are holy men, 
And women good, and children dear ; 
All those who ever loved the Lord, 
And lived in faith and fear. 

They are not all together now, 
For some are dead and gone before. 
And some are striving still on earth. 
Their trial is not o'er. 

Great numbers are they of all states, 
And born in every place and land. 
Who never saw each other's face 
Or touched each other's hand. 

But they are all made one in Christ, 
They love each other tenderly, 
The old and young, and rich and poor, 
In that great company. 

And there shall come a glorious day, 
When all these good saints, every one. 
Shall meet within our Father's home 
And stand about His throne. 

In concluding this brief notice of our friend, we can truly say that 
he was beloved by all who knew him, for his kind and genial disposition. 
His amiability and modesty were equal to his knowledge, and his literary 
characteristics were appreciated by all who were of kindred tastes. His 
cheery words and frank and open countenance are now but a pleasant 
memory. He died comparatively a young man, but it might be said of 
him, as it has been written of a friend of his, " He lived his fifty- four 
years, and not merely existed. His mind was essentially an active one 
and was ever busy. He was a good man, and did his duty unostenta- 
tiously, but effectively, in that state of life in which it had pleased God 
to call him." Mr. Rayner left a widow and two daughters. 

The Editor. 




EARLY CIVIL HISTORY 

ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY 

POLITICAL HISTORY ... 

ETYMOLOGIES 

EXTENT, FEATURES, AND POPULATION 

LOCAL GOVERNMENT 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES ... 

BIBLIOGRAPHY ... 

FOLK-LORE AND SUPERSTITIONS 
LOCAL CUSTOMS AND AMUSEMENTS 

SOCIAL CONDITION AND HABITS 

LITERARY AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS 

MANUFACTURES 

FULNECK 

APPENDICES ... 

GENERAL INDEX ... 

LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS ,, 



Page 
I 

44 
114 
130 
136 
140 

177 
185 
192 
202 
21S 
228 

233 

278 

293 
305 




STEEL ENGRAVINGS. 

I. — Portrait of the Author ... 

II.— Portrait of Robert Salter, Esq. 

III.— Portrait of W. D. Scales, Esq. 

(^First Chairman of the Pudsey Local Board.) 

IV.— Portrait of William Huggan, Esq. ... 
{Coundllor of the Borough of Leeds.) 
V. —Portrait of Richard Womersley, Esq. 
[First C hail man of the Pudsey Burial Board. ) 

VI. — Portrait of James Banks, Esq. ... 

VII.— Portrait of George Hinings, Esq. ... 
[First Chairman of the Ptidsey School Board.) 

VIII.— Portrait of E. Sewell, Esq., M.A 



To face Title page. 

To face page I 

152 

M 167 

171 

207 

,, ,, 220 

257 



PHOTOGRAPHS. 

I.— Portrait of Rev. R. B. Thompson ... 
( Vicar of St. Lawrence Church, Pudsey.) 

ir.— Nesbit Hall ... ... ... 

(^The residence of John Cliff, Esq., F.R.Hist. Society.) 

III.— Grove House 

( The residence of W. D. Scales, Esq. ) 



To face page 74 



205 



209 



ILLUSTRATIONS. -XV. 

WOOD ENGRAVINGS. 

Moravian Establishment, Fulneck ... .. ... ...Title Page. 

Facsimile OF Domesday Book ... ... ... ... ... 6 

Bolton Church, Craven ... . . .. ... ... 14 

Brass OF Henry PuDSEY .. ... ... ... ... ... 16 

Arms OF PuDSEY OF Bolton ... ... .. ... ... 17 

Groat of Richard II. ... ... ... .., ... ... 33 

Old Manor House ... ... ... ... ... ... 42 

All Saints' Chapel .. ... ,. ... ... ... 45 

The Old Parsonage .. ... ... ... ... ... 47 

All Saints' Chapel ... ... ... .. ... ... 48 

Facsimile of Handwriting by Elkanah Wales... ... ... 49 

St. Lawrence Church ... ... ... ... ... ... 67 

Portrait OF Rev. David Jenkins ... ... ... ... 74 

St. Paul's Church... ... ... ... ... ... ... 76 

Old Independent Chapel ... ... ... ... ... 78 

Old House AT PuDSEY ... ... ... ... ... ... 80 

Facsimile OF Rev. E. Berry's Register... ... ... ... 86 

Portrait OF Rev. William CoLEFAX .. ... ... ... 92 

Facsimile Autographs OF Congregational Ministers .. ... 94 

Portrait OF Rev. John Atkinson ... ... ... ... ... 95 

Congregational Church ... ... ... ... ... 96 

Portrait of Rev. Joseph Sutcliffe, M.A.... ... ... ... ico 

Portrait OF Mr. John Shaw ... ... ... ... ... 106 

Pudsey Big Pudding ... ... ... ... ... .. 124 

Pudsey from Railway Station, Bramley ... ... ... 137 

Facsimile Autographs of Towns' Officials ... ... ... 142 

The Village Stocks ... ... ... ... ... ... 144 

Facsimile Autographs OF Towns' Officials ... ... ... 148 

Portrait OF P. A. Strickland, Esq. ... ... ... ... 172 

KiRKSTALL Abbey ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 184 

Football in Pudsey, 1887 ,. ... ... ,., ... 196 



XVI. 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Cricket IN PuDSEY, 1887 

The Ducking Stool 

Riding THE Stang ... 

Portrait of John Farrer, Esq., J. P. 

Co-operative Stores 

Mechanics' Institution 

Fulneck ... 

The Terrace, Fulneck 

The Girls' Playground 

Fulneck from Tong Hill 

The Middle Walk 

Portrait of Benjamin La Trobe 

In the Woods 

Portrait of Rev. G. Clemens ... 
Portrait of James Montgomery ,., 



197 

199 

200 

208 

214 

224 

234 

235 1 

237 

238 

242 

253 
262 

273 
276 





THE HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



EARLY CIVIL HISTORY. 




T has become common, in some parts of our country, to 
see on the sites of what were formerly obscure villages 
and hamlets, considerable towns, whose trading con- 
nections are in touch with every part of the civilized 
world. Although we cannot claim as much as can be 
done for many, for the town whose history forms the 

r subject of this volume, yet it is not very long since it 
was a place of far less importance than it now is. It 
has outgrown the neighbouring villages, and in industrial matters 
has got far a-head of its mother-town, Calverley. And besides 
its increased population and commercial prosperity, it has lately 
had conferred upon it the dignity of being made the centre of, 
and giving the name to, a polling district of the Eastern Division 
of the West Riding. 

Pudsey is a township in the parish of Calverley, in the 
diocese of Ripon, the archdeaconry of Craven, and the rural 
deanery of Bradford. Eor civil purposes, it is in the wapentake 
of Morley, the petty sessional division of Bradford, and the 
North Bierley Poor Law Union. Pudsey proper contains 1,903 
acres, and the hamlet of Tyersal 642 acres ; total, 2,545 acres. 

B 



2 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Its highest elevations above the level of the sea are, 625 feet, 
which is attained at Ovvlcotes Hill, and at the Heights, Green- 
top ; whilst its lowest is only 200 feet, — at Hough End. The 
centre of the township is four miles from Bradford and six from 
Leeds, both of which boroughs it adjoins ; the former on the 
western side, and the latter on the eastern, whilst on its southern 
boundary is the lordship of Tong, and on its northern, the town- 
ship of Calverley-with-Farsley. Its situation, more precisely, is 
about 53°45' north latitude, and i'34'30" west longitude. 

Hitherto the history of Pudsey has been passed over in a 
few lines, both by local and general historians, but that it has 
a history worth recording we shall endeavour to show in the 
following pages. Certainly it has no pre-historic memorials 
upon which we can dilate, no Druidical or ancient British tumuli 
to examine, no finds of flint, stone, or bronze implements upon 
which to speculate, no Roman roads, and little in the way of 
Roman or British remains to describe. The only memorials 
found in this neighbourhood relating to these periods are an 
ancient British jar or urn, and some Roman coins. The jar was 
found in a stone quarry at Hough End, just outside our town- 
ship, in December, 1879, and was filled with calcined bones. 
Unfortunately, it was broken into fragments. It was placed on 
a dish-shaped hollow, some two or three feet deep, with charcoal 
and burnt earth, as usual. My friend, Mr. John Holmes, of 
Roundhay, from whom I received these particulars, had a sketch 
of the vessel in his museum. No doubt the urn contained the 
remains of a Briton, who, one of a party hunting or wandering 
gipsy-like through the district, and only having a temporary 
abode here, died, and was thus disposed of The Roman coins 
were found under circumstances detailed in the Annua/ Register 
for 1775, p. lOi, as follows : — 

As one Benjamin Scholfield, of Pudsey, was clearing away some rubbish from a 
place on Pudsey Common, called King Alfred's Camp, adjoining to an old cave, he 
accidentally found the thigh-bone of a horse, in the cavity of which were upwards of 
one hundred Roman silver coins, many of them of prior date to Julius Ctesar. 

Pudsey and the neighbourhood seem to have been about 
the centre of the little kingdom of Elmete, which maintained its 
independence for upwards of 200 years — long after the other 
petty kingdoms had been subdued by the Saxons. Its boundary 
stretched from Sherburn in the east to Keighley and Halifax in 
the west, from the Wharfe in the north to the Calder in the 
south. The royal residences existed at Barwick-in-Elmete and 
Oswinthorpe, near Leeds. One of the kings of Elmete was 
named Hcnric, \\ho was poisoned, and it was go\'erned by one 



THE SAXONS AND THE DANES. 3 

named Cereticus (supposed to have been a Briton, possibly 
himself the poisoner), and in 6i6 Edwin, uncle to Henric, 
conquered the territory, and added it to Deira, a neighbouring 
kingdom, after it had maintained its independence for 200 years. 
This district was the last to come under the dominion of a 
foreign yoke, and the inhabitants possessed the forms of early 
Christianity before Augustine came over from Rome. Bede tells 
us that there remained, surrounded by the desert of Saxon Pagan- 
ism, a little kingdom called Elmete, which, despite the most 
furious efforts of the Pagans, defied their military prowess, and 
preserved the literature, arts, and, above all, the Christian 
doctrines left to the British Aborigines by their former con- 
querors ; so it comes to be historically authenticated and 
universally admitted that the light of the gospel once lit upon 
the soil was never quenched, and that Elmete maintained and 
openly practised its Christianity during Britain's second period 
of Paganism* Then it was this little kingdom of Deira (a name 
expressing its wild condition), of which this district formed a 
part, during the 450 years when the Saxons reigned and ruled 
as with a rod of iron, fought many bloody battles, and filled the 
cup. of British misery to the brim. The Danes also appeared 
upon the scene, inflicting most shocking brutalities upon the 
helpless inhabitants who fell into their power. They were in 
this immediate neighbourhood, and had a camp and fortifications 
at Giant's Hill, near Armley ; the whole of this district being over- 
run by their troops. Both the Saxon and the Dane left their 
impress on the neighbourhood, in the many names borne by the 
hills and valleys, the streams, fields, and towns; but more of this 
anon. 

We come, in the eleventh century, to the oldest known 
record in which this township of Pudsey is mentioned, and we 
learn that in the reign of King Edward the Confessor (1041- 
1066) the land, estimated at about 800 acres, more or less, was 
owned by two powerful Saxon thanes, or noblemen, Dunstan 
and Stainulf, and that the rateable value was forty shillings, a 
considerable sum in those days. Leeds was only rated at six 
pounds, Calverley and Parsley at 20s., Bramley 40s., Armley 
20s., Tong 20s., Bradford four pounds, Morley 40s., Horsforth 
30s., and Rawden los. The value of money at the above-named 
period has been variously estimated at from 15 times to 100 
times as much as its present value. Between 30 and 40 times as 

* From a paper by John Jajies, historian of Bradford, read before the British Archaeological 
Society at Leeds, Oct., 1863 ; afterwards published in their journal, and re-pubHshed in vol. li. of M ay- 
Hall's Annals of Yorkshire, pp. 124-128. 



4 . HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

much will most probably be much nearer the value of the money, 
when we learn that labourers could be had for id. a-day, and 
other things in similar proportion. Before the Norman Conquest 
in 1066, Dunstan held lands also at Gomersall, Drighlington, 
Cleckheaton, Morley, Temple-Newsome, Swillington, Tadcaster, 
and Batley, and in York he had a house. All these manors, and 
his house, were by fortune of war lost to him : confiscated, and 
given to others by William the Conqueror. Who was Dunstan, 
who was thus cruelly robbed of his all? Mr. HUTCHINSON, in 
his Memoir of Elk. Wales, M.A., of Pudsey, says that this " Dun- 
stan was Archbishop of York"; but this is a mistake, as there has 
not been one of the name of Dunstan, Archbishop of York. In 
the year 1002 there was a Wulstan archbishop ; in 1023, Afric 
Pullock ; in 1050, Kinsius ; and in 1060, Aldred, who was arch- 
bishop when the Norman Conqueror came in 1066. 

It appears that the Norman follower of the Conqueror, 
Ilbert de Laci, to whom all the manors just named were given, 
allowed Dunstan to have half a hide of land at Golcar, near 
Huddersfield. 

Dunstan held of Ilbert de Laci lands in Gudlagesarc. 
[Guthlac's Scar, now Golcar.] It is remarkable that only one 
of his name occurs in the Domesday Survey as a landowner in 
the reign of King Edward, for all the entries evidently relate to 
one person, and it is not improbable that he was the same who 
only managed to obtain the devasted half-hide of land* at Gol- 
car, which had been Leninc's, by the clemency of Ilbert, to 
whom had been given his former manors in Swillington, New- 
some, Morley, Pudsey, Drighlington, Gomersal, [Cleck] Heaton, 
and Batley, William de Perci had acquired Dunstan's manor in 
Tadcaster, and a house in York. His land in Howne, which 
some say is inland, others in the soke of Wakefield, was re- 
tained in the king's hands. The men of the wapentakes of 
Barkston and Skyrack say that Dunstan had not Turchil's land 
in Tadcaster, in the time of King Edward, as had been asserted. f 
A.S Dunstan, son of Athelneth, he is mentioned by Florence of 
Worcester as one of the Northumbrian thanes who entered 
York to avenge the murder of Gospatrick, on the Monday after 
Michaelmas, 1065, and so powerful was this movement against 
Earl Tostig, that with the assistance of Earl Edwin, they pro- 
cured his outlawry and banishment. $ 

* A hide of land generally contained about loo to 120 acres. 

t Claims, fo. 373 b. 

t The Yorkshh-e Archo'ological and Topographical Journal, vol. v., p. 297. 



THE NORMAN CONQUEST. 5 

That Dunstan was a most eminent man seems certain. It 
had been said that 

The virtues and vices of the eleventh century, in their most striking form and 
most conspicuous position, cannot be more adequately represented than by Dunstan, 
Canute, and Edward. It was a period of aspiring ecclesiastics and of savage rulers — 
tinctured with some rudiments of the arts of war and government, where those who 
escaped atrocious crimes were too ignorant and base not to embrace superstition in- 
stead of religion. Dunstan was a zealous and perhaps useful reformer of religious 
instruction, of commanding abilities, of a haughty, stern, and turbulent nature, with- 
out more personal ambition, perhaps, than is usually blended with public principle ; 
and who, if he were proved guilty of some pious frauds, might not unreasonably pray 
that a part of the burden of such guilt might be transferred from him to his age.* 

The other Saxon proprietor was Stainulf, who had pos- 
sessions also in Tong, Wyke, Batley, Bierley, Seacroft, and in 
the parish of Rothwell, where he had a hall, according to 
Domesday Book, page 142 of Bawdwen's translation. These 
two Saxon thanes lost all their possessions. For what ? For 
their patriotism ; for standing up to defend their hearths and 
homes against the ruthless Norman invader ! Their estates 
were all seized, confiscated, and given to Ilbert de Laci, one of 
the favoured followers of the Conqueror, and afterwards the 
mighty Baron of Pontefract. The farms and buildings were all 
destroyed, the humble tenants either fled or were cruelly put to 
death by the s^vords of the savage Norman soldiers. It is said 
that the Conqueror assembled his forces, and, stimulating them 
with the prospect of a rich booty, marched against the rebels in 
the north, and mowed them down like grass. He ordered the 
whole of the north of England to be laid waste, the houses to 
be reduced to ashes, the cattle to be seized and driven away, 
and nothing to be spared. More than one hundred thousand 
persons were thus destroyed by sword and famine. Thus vil- 
lages were depopulated ; the most fertile regions were laid waste ; 
fire and slaughter made desolate the face of the land. Ancient 
and honourable families were reduced to beggary ; the nobles 
were everywhere treated with ignominy and contempt, and they 
had the mortification of seeing their castles and manors possessed 
by Normans of the meanest birth and lowest stations. 

The Conqueror, having thus subdued the country, ordered 
that a survey of all the lands in the kingdom should be made, 
and for that purpose appointed commissioners, who registered 
the name and particulars of each district, whether meadow, or 
pasture, or arid, or arable land, with the nature of the tenure, 
value, and name of the proprietor, as well as the names of the 
former owners. In some of the entries the number of tenants, 
cottagers, and slaves are also given. The survey took six years 

* Mackintosh's History of Englnnd, vol. i., p 6S. 



6 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

to compile, 1080 to 1086, and the original is carefully preserved 
in the Public Record Office, Chancery Lane, London. 
The record of Pudsey is as follows : — 

__ to 7 7 

m In Podechesale, Dunstan 7 Stainulf Ir. br. VIII. Car. tie ad gld. ubi. 1111. 

Car. poss. ee. Ilbt ht"nc.~" Sz wast. Tt.R. E. uni. XL. Sol Silua past dim 

lev. Ig — 7 dim lat. 

The following is a translation ; — 

II Manors. In Podechcsaic [Fudsey] Dunstan and Stainulf had eight caru- 
cates of land to be taxed, where there may be four ploughs. Ilbert now lias it, but it 
is waste. Value in King Edward's time, forty shillings. Wood pasture lialf-a-milc 
long and half broad.* 

We here learn then that this township had suffered severely 
in the devastation which had swept over the north of England, 
and that the whole cultivated lands here had been laid waste. 

Not a single inhabitant is mentioned ; neither a thane, bordar, 
sokeman, nor even a poor villane. Such, however, as the place 
was, it had been given to Ilbert de Laci, one of the most favoured 
amongst the followers of William the Conqueror. For his loyal 
service to his master he received from him nearly 200 manors, 
berewicks, and sokes, 150 manors being in the West Riding, and 
so far did his estates extend, that it is said he could ride on horse- 
back for three days continuously and see nothing but his 
own lands. If this township fared so badly at this period, let 
us also look a moment at the Domesday Record as regards our 
immediate neighbours. 

In Calverlei and Ferselleia, Archill had three carucates of land to be taxed, and 
there may be two ploughs. Ilbert has it, and it is waste. Value in King Edward's 
time, twenty shillings. Wood pasture half-a-mile long and half broad. 

* Bawdwen's Translation of Doiitesday I>ooi,p. 141. 



DOMESDAY BOOK. 7 

Tn Brameleia Archil had four carucates of land to be taxed, and there may be 
two ploughs there. Ilbert now has it, and it is waste. Wood pasture half-a-mile 
long and half broad. Value in King Edward's time, forty shillings. 

Land of Gospatrick. In Brameleia two carucates of land to be taxed. Land 
one plough. 

In Tuinc [Tong] Stainulf had four carucates of land to be taxed where there 
may be two ploughs. Ilbert has it, and it is waste. Value in King Edward's time, 
twenty shillings. Wood pasture half-mile long and half broad . 

And so wherever we turn in this neighbourhood it is the 
same sad story almost invariably — " waste," " waste," and that 
" Ilbert has it." Ilbert de Laci, who was created Baron of Pon- 
tefract in the year 1070, built there a strong castle, and lived 
like a petty king. It is also said that he had other smaller 
castles at Leeds, Bradford, etc., and fortified manor houses in 
his territory to enable him to maintain his hold upon the exten- 
sive estates which had been wrung from the former owners and 
given to him, who now held his estates in capite, that is, direct 
from the head — the king. He then gave or sublet some of his 
manors to others of his favourite friends to be held in fee simple 
— to render him service when he required it, as he was to render 
service to the king when required. 

So the land being thus settled upon Normans, who, as is the 
custom in their country, took upon themselves surnames from the 
names of the places of their several settlements, and the better to 
distinguish them, etc., as de Pudsey, de Calverley, de Bradford, 
etc. It was thus that we obtained many of the names in 
existence even at the present day. Into the origin and history 
of the ancient Pudsey family I will shortly proceed to examine. 

In my inquiries into this subject, and turning to the pages 
of Thoresby, in his Ducatiis Leodiensis ; to Whitaker, in his 
History of Craven ; to FORSTER, in his Pedigrees of Yorkshire 
Families^ I find that all are blank, all are dumb as to the origin 
or commencement of the family, as they each commence the 
pedigree with the name of Simon Pudsey, who had married 
Katherine, the daughter and rich heiress of John Bolton, Lord of 
Bolton, near Gisburn, in Craven, in the reign of Edward. But 
none of them tell from whence he came. In the last edition of 
Whitaker's Craven, edited by MORANT, we have " Simon 
Pudsey, of Barford," but this was a mere assumption, without one 
tittle of proof* Dr. Whitaker, in his first edition of Craven, 
in noticing one branch of the family, who resided at Settle, says : 

The family of Pudsey, I have no doubt, was originally Norman. Where they 
resided before their acquisition of Settle in the time of Stephen, I know not, any more 
than when they parted with it. 

"^ In fact, the Manor of Bereford was not obtained by the Pudseys until the third generation 
after him, viz., by his grandson, Sir Henry de Pudsey, Knt., who obtained it by marriage. 



8 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

A communication of inquiry on this subject was sent in 
1 85 1, to the then hving representative of the family, and he, 
Pudsey Dawson, Esq., of Hornby Castle, in a letter dated 
February loth, 1851, wrote on this subject as follows : — 

I have some ancient deeds now before me, and a draft of a pedigree sent unto 
Bolton Hall, in 1750, five descents higher than Simon Pudsey, wherein we are called 
" Pudsey of Pudsey, Bolton, and Barforth, in the (bounty of York." The above draft 
was taken from a register belonging to Kirkstall Abbey, now in the hands of Sir 
Walter Blackett, Bart. 

The names in this pedigree would undoubtedly be the same as 
those given in Hopkinson's MSS., copied by, and known as the 
Wilson MSS., in the Leeds Old Library. 

This pedigree has not generally been considered quite satis- 
factory, though the names are of those who had undoubtedly given 
lands to Kirkstall Abbey, and as liberal benefactors to that monas- 
tery we shall notice them in the proper place. The best pedigree, 
and the one most likely to be correct, as far as it goes, is the one 
compiled and published by General Plantagenet Harrison.* 

Upon inquiry as to his authorities for the particulars of the 
statements contained in his pedigree of this family of Pudsey, he 
wrote me that " the Pudsey pedigree was compiled principally 
from the Pleas Rolls^' adding that he had not time then to look 
up references amongst his MSS., but that if he could serve me 
he would with pleasure. In a second letter to him I stated that 
at the same period of time we had statements in numerous 
charters of the Scotts or Calverleys being " Lords of Pudsey," as 
well as the Pudseys being " Lords of Pudsey," and asked, v/ith 
his vast experience in these subjects, " How were these two 
statements to be reconciled ?" He replied that, "if he remembered 
rightly, there were two or three manors in Pudsey, and that after 
a certain marriage mentioned in the pedigree, the Calverley 
family had the whole of the Manor of Pudsey." Now this idea 
had occurred to me before, that there were probably two manors 
in Pudsey, as there were at the time of the Domesday Survey, 
Thus a difficulty, which had presented itself both to me and to 
others, I believe to be quite satisfactorily explainable. Many of 
the names which are given in the account of the family by General 
Harrison I have met with in numerous charters relating to the 
Calverleys. I shall now proceed to give the pedigree of the 

FAMILY OF PUDSEY. 
Pagan de Pudsey, Lord of Pudsey, held eight carucates of 
land belonging to the King's geld of Robert de Lacy in the time 
of Kings William, Rufus, and Henry I. [1087-1135.] 

" History pf Yorkshire, vol. i. (1879). Gilling West. 



THE PUDSEY FAMILY. 9 

He had two sons, Geoi-frey de Pudsey, who was Lord of 
Pudsey, and HUGH DE PuDSEY, who was the famous Bishop of 
Durham. 

Geoffrey, son of Pagan, paid 62s 6d. Danegeld i Hen. H. 
[1154.] He married Agnes, daughter and heir of Robert de 
Tireshall, Lord of Tireshall, co. York. [This marriage would 
most probably be the cause of the hamlet of Tireshall being part 
of the township of Pudsey.] He went into the Holy Land with 
Richard L In 5 John he gave, conjointly with Agnes his wife, 
the third part of two bovates of land and two messuages with the 
appurtenances in Tireshall, to Richard de Tange, to hold to him 
and his heirs for ever of them, the said Geoffrey and Agnes and their 
heirs, at the yearly rent of fourpence, and died the same year.* 

Hugh, who became Bishop of Durham, being consecrated 
bishop by the Pope himself at Rome, Dec. 30, 11 53, was bishop 
above 40 years. He purchased the earldom of Northumberland, 
together with the lordship of Sedberge ; and he gave 1,000 marks 
for the office of Lord Chief Justice of England at the same time 
(1189). He was the founder of Sherburne Hospital, in the 
county of Durham. He died 3rd March, 1 193-4. 

Geoff"rey had two sons, his heir being Henry de Pudsey, 
Lord of Pudsey, who was nephew and heir to Hugh de Pudsey, 
Bishop of Durham, 6 John. 

This Geoffrey, son of Pagan, was undoubtedly of Pudsey 
(S.R.), and ROGER DE Pudsey, of Tireshall, who levied a fine of 
lands there, 3 Hen. HI. [12 19.] He married Agnes d. and h. of 
Lambert de Ringlawe [or perhaps Tinglawe]. They had two 
sons, Peiteum and Lambert.f Peiteum de Pudsey had a son 
named Walter de Pudsey, who married Emme de la Schon, and 
his grandfather and grandmother, Roger de Pudsey and Agnes 
his wife, as the right of the said Agnes, gave lands in Pudsey to 
him, 3 Hen. III. 

* In the oldest Pipe Roll, said to belong to the ^i Hen. I. or the 5th Stephen, but more 
probably to i Hen. II., Bertram Bulmer. Sheriff of Yorkshire, renders account of the great vassals 
of F.arl Steplien of Britany, viz. :--Various names follow, with the amounts of their respective pay- 
ments. Then continuing — And in pardon by the King's writ, the Earl of Britany, 22 marks in silver, 
of his lesser vassals ; Kalph, the son of Ribald, 5 marks in silver ; the Archbishop of York 
Gamel de Huchesworda, 20s ; Chetelle, the son of Sueini, i mark in 'ilver ; Alan de Moncelle, 70s. ; 
the Kat\ of VVaren, 107; Origrim de Frismareis, 40s. In demesne, Roger de Moubrai, £4 and 15s, 
of his drenges ; Wi Ham, the son of kanulph, 40s. ; the Prior of St Oswald, 62s. ; Bernard de Balloel, 
£6 15s. Of the vassals of Blida, 2 marks in silver ; Robert de Bruis, 4 marks in silver ; Gaufrey, 
the son of Pagan, 6s. 8d. 

Total, ^^54 15s. 8d. ; and ^15 and 2od. is owing. 

Plant. Harrison's History of Yorkshire, vol. i.. pp. 12 and 13. 

t I find he had two other sons. In AdiY. Chaj-ter, No. 16,590 it is stated that Gilbert, son of 
Roger de Pudegesaia, quits to John de Bradforth a grange [barn] and land in Pudegesaia, and land 
5 feet in the length and width of the grange, toward-; the north, for 19s. of silver given me in hand. 
The witnesses being Will Scot, Hen. Scot, Sim de Fersele, Robt., son of Geoffrey, Roger de Farnley, 
John, son of Geofirey, Hugh de Wolhal, William ihe clerk, and others. [Time of Hen. III.] 



TO HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Lambert de Pudsey, the brother of Roger, had a son, 
Simon de Pudsey, to whom his grandfather and grandmother, 
the aforesaid Roger and Agnes, gave lands in Pudsey, 3 Hen. Ill , 
the same time his cousin Walter received his lands also. 
Turning back to 

Henry de Pudsey, Lord of Pudsey, who had four sons — 
I William, 2 Roger, 3 Elias, 4 John. 

William de Pudsey, son of Henry, was Lord of Pudsey. 
In 52 Hen. III. [1268], he took a writ of consanguinity 
against Jordan de Wodehall touching two bovats of land with 
the appurtenances in Pudsey, but did not appear to prosecute 
the same, having died in that year. This Jordan de Wodehall I 
find mentioned in several charters of this period. Hen. III. 

Roger de Pudsey, the second son of Henry, had a son, 
William de Pudsey, who was a defendant in a plea of trespass, 
21 Edw. I. [1293] 

The names of these two persons I find in Add. Charters, 
16,675, in a writing in which 

William, son of Robert de Hecleshille, gives to Alice, daughter of William son 
of Roger de Pudgsay, a half bovate of land in Pugsay, to be paid an annual rent of 2 
pence. Witnesses — J oh. de Scotico de Calverlay, Hug. de Wodehalle and others. 
{Temp. Edw. I.] 

This same William, son of Roger de Podesey, was one of the 
witnesses to a charter in which 

Eleana, daughter of Gilbert de Podesay, gives to John at the Well of Podesay 
part of a toft in Podesay to be held from the house of the Hospitallers of St. John of 
Jerusalem in England. \_Teinp. Edw. I.] — Add. Charters, 16,677. 

Elias de Pudsey, the third son Henry, had two sons, 
John and Peter. John, son of Elias de Pudsey, was a juryman 
at York, 21 Edw. I.* In a charter. No. 16,674, I find that 

•^ohn de Pudesay, miller, with the consent of Agnes his wife, conceded to John 
Marecullo and Margerie his wife, part of a messuage and toft and some land in Pudesay, 
at an annual rental of 4d. Witnesses, John Scott de Calverleye, Thos. de Horsforthe, 
and others. [Tlv;//. Edw. I.] 

This John had a son, John de Pudsey, and in a charter. No. 
16,680, I find the three mentioned thus : — 

John, son of John, the son of Elias de Poddesay, gave to John Scot de Calverley, 
his chief lord {capilali domino), an annual rent or payment of 6cl. in Podesay. The 
witnesses being Sir John de Thornhille, Sir Will, de Beston, knights, John 1 illey and 
others. [71?;;//. Edw. I.] With a Seal. 

This second John had a son called Hugh de Pudsey, who 
claimed against Robert, son of Jordan, son of Peter de Pudsey, 

• See Add. Charters, 16,727 and 16,749. 



THE PUDSEY FAMILY. 11 

24 acres of land in Pudsey, 13 Edw. III. Robert was half cousin 
of Hugh, their fathers being cousins. 

Peter de Pudsey, the other son of Elias, had a son, Jordan 
de Pudsey, and he had two sons, Robert son of Jordan de Pudsey, 
as stated above, 13 Edw. III., and John son of Jordan de Pudsey, 
17 Edw. III. 

John de Pudsey, fourth son of Henry aforesaid, had 
William, son of John de Pudsey, 17 Edw. I., and he had John, 
son of William de Pudsey, ii Edw. II. "William son of John 
de Pudesaye " was witness to a charter, No. 16,719. [Temp. 
Edw. I.] 

Having thus noticed the four sons of Henry de Pudsey, and 
the descendants of three of them, I now return to the eldest son 
and heir, William de Pudsey, who had five sons : — 

1st. Thomas de Pudsey, who was Lord of Pudsey. In 52 
Hen. III. [1268] he was plaintiff in a fine touching lands in 
Pudsey, co. York ; claimed lands in Gluseburne in right of 
his wafe ; was a man-at-arms in the Scottish wars \teinp. 
Edw. I.] He married Emme, daughter and co-heir of Adam 
de Wraton, brother and heir of William, son of Thomas de 
Wraton, Lord of W' raton, co. York, and had issue, John and 
Simon. 

2nd. John de Pudsey, who was murdered on the moor at Yew- 
cross, by some persons unknown ; and Wm. de Bradley, of 
Carleton-in-Craven, was attached, being present at the said 
murder, 7 Edw. I. [1279.] 

3rd. Robert de Pudsey, Messer of Magna- Merley, shot William, 
son of Gibert de Penilton, in the town of Magna-Merley, 
with an arrow in the belly, and killed him, 20 Edw. I. [1302.] 

4th. Dionysius de Pudsey, of Stynclingflet, had a son William, 
against whom, 8 Edw. II.[i3i5], Nicholas de Fiskergate, of 
Styneclyngflet, claimed damages for unjustly dis-seising him 
of two messuages, one bovate of arable land, and two acres 
and a half of meadow, in Styneclyngflet, co. York. 

5th. Simon de Pudsey, seised of lands in Pudsey, i Edw. I. 
[1272.] He was one of the witnesses to a deed of lands in 
Pudsey, given to Kirkstall Abbey by Walter Sampson, and 
in the tenure of Richard Pudsey, carpenter, date about 
1280, He had " Robert son of Simon de Pudsey," who 
died 6 Edw. II., siib parentis {i.e. before his father). His 
widow Emma was living two years afterwards, viz. 8 Edw. 
II. I find the name of this Robert in one of the Add. 
Charters, B.M. No. 16,653, in which "John Touneslowerd 



12 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

de Podesay gave to John Scot de Calverley a rent of 4s. in 

Podesay, the witnesses being John de Podesey, clerico, John 

de Oulecotes, Robt. son of Simon de Podesey, and others." 

\Temp. Edw. I.] 

John de Pudsey, Lord of Pudsey, was plaintiff in a plea 
of advowson, 20 Edw. I. [1292] ; defendant in a plea of land at 
the suit of Wm. de Clervaux. touching one messuage in York, 
21 Edw. I. ; was surety for Wm. son of William de Wodesome, 
in a plea touching lands in Pudsey, 7 Edw. II. [13 14] ; claimed 
lands in Glusburne, 2 Edw. III. [1329] ; died before 15 Edw. III. 
In many of the charters in the British Museum, to which I have 
before referred, there occurs the name of John de Pudsey, either 
as granting or quit-claiming lands, or as witness to some deed 
or other, but to which John it is not always easy to make out, 
because there were six of them who were living during the reigns 
of the three Edwards, viz., John, son of Henry ; John, son of 
Elias ; John, son of John ; John, son of William ; John, son of Jor- 
dan ; and John, son of William, who was murdered at Yewcross. 

The brother of JOHN, Lord of Pudsey, was SiMON DE 
Pudsey, Lord of Bolton-by-Bolland, near Skipton, in right of 
his wife, Katherine, daughter of Sir John de Bolton, knight. Lord 
of Bolton-by-Bolland. Simon de Pudsey paid the subsidy at 
Bolton, 6 Edw. III. [1333.] He was plaintiff in a plea of land, 
conjointly with Katherine, his wife, and Christiana de Reming- 
ton, against William Barlagh and others, touching lands in 
Burton-in-Lonsdale, 7 Edw. III.; was executor to the will of 
John de Pudsey, his brother before-mentioned, 15 Edw. HI.; 
died 16 Edw. HI. He was a great soldier and a knight in the 
Scottish and French wars of his time. From him the pedigree 
of the Pudsey family of Bolton commences, as printed in 
Thoresby's Ducatiis Leodiensis, and also in Whitaker's 
History of Craven, but both of them are silent as to where he 
came from. I leave him and his descendants, as having no 
further connection with Pudsey, and return to the descendants 
of his elder brother JOHN, who had two children, Robert and 
Isabella. 

Robert de Pudsey was Lord of Pudsey, 20 Edw. HI. 
[1347.] Isabella, his sister, was married to Richard, son of Philip 
de Clayton, who entailed his lands by fine at his marriage, 12 
Edw. HI., the marriage settlement being dated in that year. 
Robert had two sons, William and Robert, 

William, son of Robert de Pudsey, against whom, 42 Edw. 
HI. [1369], John Judson, of Pudsey, claimed i^20 damages, for 



thp: pudsey family. 13 

cutting down his trees at Pudsey on Monday next after the 
feast of St. Crucis, 40 Edw. III. His brother, Robert de Pudsey, 
Hved at York, and was plaintiff in a plea of debt, 33 Edw. III. ; 
and on Palm-Sunday that same year (1360), in returning alone 
from Walmgate, at York, to his own house in Fishergate, he 
tumbled into the ditch outside the bar of Fishergate, called 
Barredyke, and was drowned. He left two sons — John Pudsey, 
of York, colyer ; Will dated January 20th, 1442, leaving Agnes, 
a daughter and heir. He had a bastard son named Hugh 
Beverley. The other son of Robert was called Thomas Pudsey, 
of York, fishmonger. His wife was called Johanna, and she was 
executrix to her husband's Will, 15 Hen. VI. [1437.] 

Robert de Pudsey (who succeeded William aforesaid 
as Lord of Pudsey) married Agnes, daughter and heir of some- 
one of Thorpe Arch, co. York ; and he claimed, conjointly with 
Agnes, his wife, against Henry, son of John Mabelson, of Tok- 
with, one messuage and twenty-four acres of land in Thorpe 
Arches, as the right of the said Agnes, 9 Rich. II. [1386]; 
claimed damages against Thomas Berill and Agnes, his wife, for 
waste and destruction in lands in Pudsey, which they held for 
the life-time of the said Agnes, 11 Rich, II., by the assignation 
of William Attewell, of Pudsey, who demised the same to the 
said Agnes. In 8 Hen. IV., the King gave him an annuity of 
ten marks out of the manor of Morton, co. Lincoln, which 
belonged to Thomas le Despenser. In 11 Hen. IV. he was one 
of the plaintiffs in a fine touching lands in Kinewalmerske, 
Ekyngton, and Barlborough, co. Derby ; and released William 
de Lodyngton and his heirs the manor of Morton, co. Lincoln. 
He was one of the executors to the Will of Thomas Neville, 
Lord Furnivall. 

The Thomas Berill, here mentioned in 1388, I find also is 
mentioned in a charter in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, No. 
280, as follows : — 

Thomas, son of John de Byrell, of Pudesay, remits and quit clanns to John Scot 
of Newton, John de Roudon, and Sir Nicholas Adamson of Yeadon, chaplain, all 
rights in lands, tenements, etc., which were John de Byrell's, his father, in the village 
of Pudesay. Dated 30 January, 21 Rich. 11. [1398.] With a Seal. 

The William Attewell referred to, I met with in many of 
the charters in the British Museum. I here give an extract 
from one as a specimen: — 

John, son of Wathey de Bagley, gives to William Attewell, of Podesey, and 
Beatrice, his wife, 2s. annual rent in Podesey. Witnesses : — Sir John de Calverley, 
Rob. le Rede of Podesey, and others. Given on the watch night of St. Martin, in the 
year 18 Edw. III.— .-7^'^/. C/iar., 16,736. 



THE PUDSEY FAMILY. 1 5 

There are also two William Attewells, sen. and jun., in the 
subsidy roll of 2 Rich. II [i379-] 

Robert de Pudsey had three brothers and one sister : — 
I St. John Pudsey of Ungthorpe, against whom Johanna, who 
was the wife of Bernard de Brocas, claimed 4s. rents in 
Elslake, 14 Henry IV. ; claimed lands in Misterton con- 
jointly with Alicia his wife, 8 Henry V. 
2nd. Katherine, who was plaintiff in a plea of trespass, 9 

Henry IV. 
3rd. Richard de Pudsey, who paid the poll tax, 9 Rich. II. 
4th. Thomas Pudsey, who paid the poll tax, both 2 Rich. II., 
and 9th Rich. II., as well as his wife Matilda, who was 
left a widow, as her husband was killed, 12 Rich. II. [1389.] 
Robert de Pudsey had two sons, namely, Robert de 
Pudsey, Lord of Pudsey, who with Richard, his brother, were 
plaintiffs in a plea of debt against Roger de Pudsey of Bereford, 
5 Hen. V. [141 8.] He had two sons, viz. : — 

Sir John de Pudsey, Knt, Lord of Pudsey, defendant 
in a plea of debt, 20 Edw. IV, [1481.] He had a daughter, 
who was his heir, and was married to Walter Calvcrley, Esq., 
and thus the manors became united, and held solely by the 
Calverley family. So says General Harrison. His brother was 
Robert Pudsey, of Pudsey, who was seised of the third part of 
the manors of Hertlington, Kirkby Malghdale [Malham], Han- 
lyth, Hankeswyk, and Oulston, in right of his wife, Agnes, 
second daughter and co-heir of William de Hertlington, Lord 
of Hertlington, etc., 13 Edw. IV. She was a widow, 12 Hen. 

VII. [1497.] 

After leaving Pudsey, the members of this influential 
Yorkshire family took up their abode at Bolton, in Craven, 
where their fine old residence is still in existence. Whitaker, 
in his History of Craven, says : — 

Bolton Hall, the ancient residence of this ancient family (Pudsay), had beauties 
to attract the eyes even of Dodsworth, who seldom looked beyond a charter or a painted 
window. " It standeth," says that indefatigable antiquary, " very pleasantly, among 
sweet woods and fruitful hills. Here, within the compass of a moderate estate, the 
Pudsays enjoyed every distinction, feudal or ecclesiastic, which their age and country 
could bestow. * * * Here they sheltered their persecuted sovereigns ; and here, 
after the loyalty or dissipation of their forefathers had abridged their resources, the 
last amiable possessors enjoyed to extreme old age the blessings of retirement and 
religion.'' 

About half a mile north from the manor house are the village 
church and parsonage house of Bolton. About the church are 
many references to the Pudsey family. The coat- of- arms is to 
be seen over the entrance to the porch and on the font, and is 



i6 



HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



also carved on the bosses in the roof. The arms are also to be 
found quartered, first with those of the Dawsons, and then with 




those of the Littledales ; the first-named having the motto of 
the Puds^y family Pcnser pen de toi (" Think little of thyself") 
beneath. The combined arms of the Pudsey-Dawson-Little- 
dales arc also to be seen in Bolton Church. They are of a 



BOLTON CHURCH, CRAVEN. 



17 




somewhat elaborate character, but the Pudsey shield, with 
chevron and three mullets, figures twice — a proof of preponder- 
ance. The date is 1835 ; at the base is a skull, and beneath is 
the motto — " O Lord in Thee have I trusted." The tombstones 
and brasses and monuments to the Pudsey family are numerous. 
On that of Henricus de Pudsey, who died in 1509, was engraved 
Miserere Jiiei deiis. JJm iiierdi. There is also a stone engraved 

"Mr. Marmaduke Pudsey, d.28 
day of March, 1650.'' " Bridget 
l\ A Pudsey, spinster, d. 29 Jany., 1770, 

^^ "T' -^ "7 aged 84." This, the last direct 

A/nA ^j/^"***^^ \y^ descendant of the Pudsey family, 

the name afterwards being com- 
bined with that of Dawson (a Mr. 
Dawson marrying a niece and 
heiress to Bridget Pudsey, and 
acquiring the family estate). Chris- 
topher Dawson (nephew above- 
named) d. 1786 ; and Anthony 
Littledale married Mary, daughter 
of Pudsey Dawson. But the most 
remarkable tombstone is that to 
Ralph Pudsey. It is of grey 
marble, close to the altar, and is of very large dimensions. It 
bears the following inscription : — " Penser peu de toi. Ys tomb of 
he Ralph Pudsey, ye faithful adherent of King Henry VI., 
whom he sheltered at Bolton Hall, 1463, was restored by his 
descendant and heir, Pudsey Dawson, of Hornby Castle, esq., 
a.d. 1857." This Ralph Pudsey had three wives, by whom he had 
twenty-five children — eight sons and seventeen daughters, eight 
each by two of his wives, and nine by the other. On the above- 
named tomb is carved in bas-relief the figures of the said 
Ralph Pudsey, his three wives, and the whole of his twenty-five 
children, forming one of the most remarkable tombstones in 
existence. There are several other beautiful monumental shrines 
in and about Bolton Church to the memory of the Pudsey-Daw- 
sons and Littledales ; but none of the family live there now. Mrs. 
Littledale (still living) the last of the representatives, sold the family 
estates about thirty years ago to a Mr. Wright, who resides at Bol- 
ton Hall, a fine old castellated building. But Mrs. Littledale re- 
tained the right of presentation to the living at Bolton Church. 

I now proceed to notice other landholders and residents in 
Pudsey during the 12th and 13th centuries. I am, fortunately, 

C 



Pudsey of Bolton. 



1 8 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

enabled to do this from the calendar of a large number of 
valuable and interesting ancient charters, — part of the Calverley 
MSS., which were presented to the British Museum by Sir 
Walter Calverley Trevelyan, Bart., in July, 1866, and cata- 
logued; Add. Chars., 16,580 to 17,292; and also from the 
Hemingway MSS., which seem to be "estrays" from the 
Calverley collection. 

In a charter of the 12th century we learn that Roger Scot, of Kalverlay, gave to 
Geoffrey, son of Peter de Ardington, and Mary, the sister of the said Roger, and 
heirs, one half carucate of land in Kalverlay, out of his demesne, in free marriage ; 
rendering thence two spurs of gilt annually. The witnesses were Will, de Lelay, 
Hugh and Robert, his sons, Will. Wart [qy. Ward ?], Ralph, son of Baldwin de 
Bramhop, Hugh de Swinlington, Serlo [Cyril] de Povilla, William, his son, 
Thomas de Tornetun, John his brother, Hugh Stapletun, Walter de Jeaddun [Yea- 
don], Jordan of the Royds. IVit/i a Seal. — Add. Char., 16,580. 

In another charter [temp. Hen. III.?] the same land men- 
tioned in the above deed is transferred to a Pudsey man by a 
descendant of the first-named recipient. 

Robert, son of Ralph de Arthington, gives to William Thuneslouerd, of Pude- 
kesaye, half a carucate of land in Kalverlaye, which by deed Roger Scot heretofore 
gave to Geoffrey, son of Peter de ArtJiington and Mary, sister of the said Roger, to 
hold of John Scot, lord of the fee, rendering to the said John one pair of gilt spurs 
annually. The witnesses were Jordan de W'odehall, Will, son of John, Will, son of 
Roger, Thomas [Simpson?] Will, de Wirkelay, Peter de Wirkelay, John Normandy, 
Hugh, son of Thomas Sampson, Gilbert de Ledes, clerk, and others. With a broken 
Seal.— Add. Char., 16,583. 

This Roger Scot I find mentioned in Jennings' translations 
from Dodsworth (Harl. MS., 797), as well as some other resi- 
dents in Pudsey at that time, as follows : — 

Know ye that I, Simon, son of Alex, de Pudkesay, have given to God and the 
poor of the Hospital of St. Peter, of York, 3 oxgangs of land in Pudekesay. 

Know that I, Roger the Scot, of Kalverley. have granted, etc., to Liod and the 
poore of the Hospital of St. Peter of York, etc., all that gift which Simon, the son of 
Alex, de Pudekeshey, my man, formerly made unto them, of the land of my Fee, to 
witt, one toft in Pudekeshey, where Davit le Estumer resided, and one essart, etc. 
Witnesses, etc. Sans date. 

In the coucher-book of St. Leonard's Hospital, and St. Peter's of York, is also 
the following: — Henry Scott, of Pudekesay, gave to the Hospital of St. Peter of 
York, by charter, one essart in Pudkesey, with the wood and meadow of the said 
essart, which is called " Holmesgate-rod," by the bounds and witnesses. Sans date. 

This same [?] Simon, who was so generous to the poor, etc., 
I find mentioned in other charters : — 

William Scott, of CaluT, gives to Simon, 'serjeant of Pudegesay, lands in 
Pudegesay, which he held of Roger, father of the said William, at an annual rent of 
4d. The witnesses were : — 'John de Thornhill, Sir John de Wridelsforth, Ralph de 
Beeston, Thomas Hede, Henry Scot, Robert de Wirkel, Robert de Boli'g [Boiling?], 
Roger de Thornetun, Ralph de Tilly, Nicholas de Erdislaue, William, the clerk, and 
others. — Add. Char., 16,600. [This charter states that in Pudegesay 12 carucates of 
land make a knight's fee. ] 



PUDSEY CHARTERS. ip 

Richard, son of Robert de Tyersale,* gives to Robert, son of Simon the Ser- 
jeant, of Pudegesay, for los., all his land, with all the wood of that land, and with 
the meadow which lies in the South Koyds, to wit, between the Bridge of Tyrsal and 
the land of Annabil in length, and between the arable land and the water-course of 
Tyrsal in width. Witnesses :— Sir William Scott, Henry Scott, Roger Alan, Stephen 
de Ecclesil, Jordan, son of William, Peter Alan, Roger de Farnelay, John, son of 
Geoffrey, Robert, son of Yodlan, William de Sama, John de Bradeforth, William 
d'Ulcotis, and many others. — Add. Char., i6,6oi. 

Robert, son of Simon de Birle gives to Robert, son of Simon the Serjeant, of 
Pugsay, two parts of one bovate in Pugsay, except all his royds and forelands, be- 
longing to the aforesaid two bovates. The half an acre in Horseiwllrod and two 
acres in [Stidr^estrodel^ in the town of Pugsay. Rent I4d. Witnesses : — Jordan de 
Wodhal, John de Bradforde, William, son of John, Robert Paitevin, Elias de Ul- 
nistor, and others. — Heviw^injay jl/SS. 

Alexander de Barkeston gives to Ysabll, his daughter, that land in the territory 
of Pudekeysey, which lies between the Farenly Road and the land of John Walter- 
son, stretching towards the west, up to the land of Simon the Serjeant ; and five rods 
in my essart of Pudekeysey, which lie between the land of John Barkeston width- 
wise, and which stretch between the land of Robert Jodlan-son and of Simon the 
Serjeant lengthwise ; and three roods that lie in Ricardesclif. Witnesses : — William 
Scot, of Calverley ; Henry Scot, of Pudekesey ; John of Berecroft ; Simon Walterson; 
Jordan of Wodehalle ; Alexander of Berecroft ; Robert of Ferseley, and others. — 
Heiningway MSS. 

This last deed is given in full, with a translation, and some 
interesting notes, by John Lister, Esq., in the Bradford 
Antiquary., vol. i., p. 216 ; as is also the next, which is from the 
same collection, and refers to part of the same land. 

Henry Scott, of Pudegesay, gives to God and the House of John the Baptist, and 
to the Brethren of the Plospital of Jerusalem, all the land that lies between the 
Farnelay road and the land of John Walter-son, extending towards the west, as far as 
the land of Simon the Serjeant. Witnesses: — William Scott ; Roger of Farnelay ; 
Richard of Tyrsale ; Peter Alan ; John Geoffrey-son ; John of Bradeforth ; Ellis 
Richardson ; Roger the Greave ; Robert Yodlan-son, and many others. 

Henry Scot, here mentioned, was witness to a deed relating 
to Horsforth and Kirkstall Abbey, signed " Henry Scot de 
Pudhesaiae," belonging to the period 1222- 1249. The Alans 
were also of Pudsey, and we shall again come across them as we 
proceed to notice these early charters. 

In Harl. MS , 797, I find that :— 

Robert Scot granted to the Hospital of St. Peter, of York, one toft of 3 perches 
of land, in Pudekesey, etc. Sans date. 

William Scot, of Kalverl', confiirms to the Hospital of St. Peter, etc., all the 
tenements which they have of the gift of Simon de Estburn, in the territory of 
Pudekesey. Sans date. 

Ralph de Ferseley gives to the Hospital, etc., all the moiety of a rode of land in 
Pudesay. 

From other evidence we are enabled to fix the time when 
this Ralph de Ferseley lived, as, in a grant of the Manor of 
AUerton, near Leeds, by Simon de Allerton, to Kirkstall Abbey, 

* His daughter is mentioned in the Pudsey pedigree. 



20 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

about 1 1 90, are the names of Ralph de Ferselay and Alex, de 
Kalverlay, as witnesses.* 

A few years later, we find again, Ralph de Ferselay, Nigel 
de Horseforth, and others, are among the witnesses to another 
gift of land to the same monastery, by one of the same family.f 

Again and again we have evidence of how generous these 
ancient fathers were to the cause of religion : — 

Simon de Ferseley, on the occasion of his marriage, gave to God and St. Mary, 
of Wodekirke, and the Canons of St. Oswald, in that place, one acre of land in 
Tyrsale, with the buildings, which Hugh, son of Robert, held, and the essart, called 
Date-rode ; and Alice, daughter of Robert Scot, of Calverley, confirms this gift by 
charter. Witnesses :— Ric. de Tong, John de Tylly, John de Papelay, Richard his 
brother, Hen. de Thingelan, Simon son of Jordan, and Adam, the writer of this deed. 
\Temp. Hen. lU.iy-.-idd. Char., 16,584. 

William, son of Thomas Scott de Newton [Potternewton] gives to Will, son of 
Roger Scott, of Caluirel', his right in a carucate of land in Berecroft, in Pudegesay, 
being an annual rent los., which Sir Robert de Stapilton paid me annually. 
Witnesses :— Sir John Lungevilers, Sir Ric. de Tong, Sir John de Wridelesforth, Sir 
John de Thornehil, Geoffrey de Arthi'gtu', Ralph his son. Hen. Scott, Roger Alan, 
Stephen de Ecclesil. {7e»ip. Hen. \n.l\~Add. Char., 16,585. 

Simon, son of Lambert de Tyrsale, gives to William Hare, a toft, etc, in the 
town and territory of Tyrsale, to pay from thence to the Hospital of St. John, 4d. 
annually. And William Hare has given to me for this donation, 17s. of silver. 
Witnesses: — Ric de Tonge, Will. Scot, Sir Ralph Tilly, Hugh de Tyrsale, Robert 
de Wirkelay, John of the Cireen, of Tyrsale, John, son of Agnes de Pudekesay, and 
others.^ Wilh a Seal. {Temp. Hen. III.}]— Add. Char., 16,586. 

Hugh, the clerk, of Wodeali, gives to Roger, the son of Thomas the chaplain, 
land situate between the e.xit which goes towards Ze Merkiirg and the croft of Robert, 
son of Gamel. rendering thence annually, for all service, 4d. Witnesses : — William 
Scot, Henry Scot, William the clerk, Robert the parson, Stephen Ecclsil', Roger 
Alan, Robert de Ecclsil', William, son of Ralph, Michael d' Ecclsil, and others. 
\_TemJ>. Hen. llU^—Add. Char., 16,587. 

William, son of Bernard de Pudekesay, quit-claims to Alexander de Barkestun, 
for I4d. in silver, one perticate (rood) of land in the territory of Pudekesay, to wit, in 
Ricardecbf. [Have we not here the origin of " Rickardshaw Lane ?"J Witnesses: 
Sir Will. Scot. Hen. Scot, Sim. de Fersley, Roger de Favell, Robert Jodlanson, 
Roger, son of Gregory, and many others. [Temp. Hen. HL ?] — Add. Char., 16,591. 

Adam, son of Astini [qy. Austin ?] lets to Ale.x. de Barkestun an essart lying 
between the essart of the monks and the essart of John de Barkestun, rendering thence 
annually id. Witnesses: — Will. Scot, Hen. Scott, Hugh, son of the same, Roger de 
FarneF, John, son of Geoffrey, Alex., his brother, John de Bradeforth. Will, de 
Vlecotis [Owlcotes], Roger, the Greave and Ellis de Vlinsthorp [Ulvisthorp]. 
[Temp. Hen. III.}]— Ada. Char., 16,593. 

Adam Scot quit-claims to Ellis, son of Ric de Vlinsthorp, his riglit in Schircs- 
rodc, for four marks, e.xcept the service of his chief lord, and 2d. per year. 
Witnesses : —Will. Scott, WiU. de Ferselay, Robert the clerk, Robert, son of Jodlan, 
Roger de Farnel, Roger son of * * * Peter Alan, Ric. de Tirsale, and others. — 
Add. Char., 16,595. 

Ellis, son of Walter de Frithebec, sells to Will. Alan, of Pudkesay, an annual 
rent from Hulvisthorpe, paying 2s. 6d. Witnesses : — W^ill. Scot de Calverley, Adam 
Scott, of Pudkesay, Philip de Fersley, John de Bradford Berecroft, 

* WHITAKER,Z.o/<f. et Elm., p. 125. 

t Ibid, p. 126. 

X Capital letters used in this deed in the middle of words. 



i 



PUDSEY CHARTERS, 21 

William the clerk, and others. With a broken Seal. [Temp. Hen. III.?] — Add. 
Char., 16,596. 

Walter de Frithebec and Sigreda his wife, grant to Peter, son of William Alan, in 
marriage with Alice, daughter of the grantor, the moiety of all his land which was that 
of Gilbert Ulekotis, and the moiety of the rent of all that land. Witnesses : — Hugh 
de Sittlington, Thomas de Thornetun, Roger Scot, Adam the clerk, Robert the clerk, 
Plenry Scot, Simon de Fersifeld, William, son of Hugh, Adam Samson, and others. 
— Httidngwiy AISS. 

John Alan grants to William de Tirsale one essart in the fields of Podesay, 

csWeA Hall A' ode. Witnesses: — Robert le Rede, John Attewelle, John de 

Will Alayn, Simon Alan, Will Attewelle, and others. — Hei/iin^way MSS. 

On the Monday after Easter, 2 Edw. [1309], Cecelia, formerly wife of Robert 
de la Wodehall, quit-claims to Walter, son of John de la Wodehall, all right, &c., in 
that essart called Hallcrode, in Podeshay. Witnesses: — John Gliote [Eliote?], 
Hugh de la Wodehall, John his brother, Peter de Seleby, John Alayn. and others. 
Given at Podeshay. — Hemingway MSS. 

In 1333, Robert del Birkes and Isabel his wife grant " Hallrode " in the 

territory of Podeshay, to John ays. Witnesses: — John Scot, oi Calverlay ; John 

Attewell, of Podeshay ; Robert, son of John le Rede, of the same ; Jordan, son of 
Peter de Selby, of the same ; John de * * * and others. Given at Podeshay. 
— Hemingway MSS. 

Gilbert, son of Walter de Tirsale, gives to Nicholas, son of Robert de Byrkench, 
after the death of his mother, for 3s., land in Tyrsale, which lies between the land of 
Hugh, son of Ric de Tyrsal, and the land of Ric. Walterson of the same. Witnesses : 
Ric de Tong, Will. Scot, of Kalverley, Adam Scot, Hugh de Tirsal, John de Brad- 
ford, John de Grave, of Pudekesey, Alexander. Adam the Grave, of Bradford, and 
others. [Temp. Hen. HI.?]— ^^(/. Char., 16,598. 

RolDcrt, son of Jossam [qy. Jodlan], of Pudkesay, sells and confirms to William, 
son of Adam, of Pudkesay, the whole of the rent which Simon, son of Clariz and John 
Pie, used annually to pay him for certain lands in Pudkesay [circ. 1220- 1230.] With 
a Seal. — Bodl. Lib. Char., No. 279. 

Adam Gamlon grants to the monks of Kirkstall the whole of his land which he 
had at the head of the land of the said monks in Pudekessay [circ. 1230-1240.] — Bodl. 
Lib. Char., 21. 

Peter Alan grants to Ric. his son, half a bovate of land in Ulinsthorpe, with the 
buildings planted thereon, and that to wit, which lies near [sali ?], and one toft 
between the toft of Ellis and the toft of William, son of Bernard ; and the moiety of 
that essart which is called the essart of Gilbert both of wood and meadow and arable 
land, paying 9d. annually. Witnesses : — Will. Scot, Stephen de Ecclesil, Roger Alan, 
John de Bradforth, John de Berecroft, Jordan de Wodehalle, Will, de Ulecotes, and 
others. — Add. Char., 16,604, 

In another chapter [Temp. Hen. III.?] Robert, the son of Peter Alan, of 
Pudkesay, confirms to Richard, his brother, the possession of the above land at 
Ulvisthorpe, before the same witnesses. 

* * * * ^g Wodhall [Christian name omitted in original] grants to John 
Attwell, de Podd [sey] one toft in the town of Podd [sey] to be held of the Knights 
of St. John. Witnesses : — ^John de Wodhall, Roloert, son of Simon, Robert de 
Oulcotis, Simon his son, John Towneslouerde, and others. Sans date. — Hemingway 

John, son of Walter de la Bercroft, grants to William de Tyresale and his heirs, 
three perticates of land lying in the field of Podesay. Witnesses : — Thomas de 

Tyrsale, Robert le Rede, John de Gilbert Alayn, John Attwell, and 

others. — Hemingtvav MSS. 

Henry Scot, of Pudekesay, gives to Matilda his daughter, the service of Simon 
de la Green, in Calverley, for the salary of 20d,, etc, out of which is to be returned a 
pair of white gloves. {Add. Chart., 16,632.) In another charter, Matilda, daughter 
of Henry Scot, of Pudekesay, quit-claims to William Scot, of Calverley, the rent to be 
due or collected from Simon de la Green, of Calverley. [Time of Hen, III,?] 



22 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

In the following statement we have a peep into the domestic 
slavery of that period, and see what an immense power the 
feudal lord had over his living chattels. We shall meet with 
other similar instances as we proceed. 

Henry Scot, of Puchegchesay, quit-claims to the Knights of the Temple of 
Solomon of Jerusalem, Elias, son of William, the son of Swayne, of Puchegchesay, 
with his following. The witnesses being : — Will. Scot, of Calverley, and Richard de 
Tong. — Add. Cfiar., 16,633. 

Having thus noticed, though somewhat briefly, the various 
charters relating to the time of Henry HI., we must now turn to 
the troublous times of the three Edwards, when the kingdom 
was continually disturbed by wars and rumours of wars. In the 
following translation from Kirkby's Inquest, written by John 
de Kirkby, in the reign of Edward I., 1284-5, ^"^^ published as 
written in Latin, by the Surtees Society, in 1867, and in the 
List of" Knight's Fees in Yorkshire," 31st Edward I. [1303], we 
meet with many of the same names as we have already seen 
in the charters noticed. 

Wapentake of Morley. 

In this Wapentake are 25^ vills, or towns, which Henry de Lacy, Earl of 
Lincoln, held of the king in chief, viz. : — Fypelay [Shipley], Idell, Calverlay, 
Ferselay, Puduscey, Bramlay, W^irklay [Wortley], Hunslett, Bestone, Midylton, 
Morlay, Drithlington, Suthouerton [Southowram], Farnelay, Tong, Hundesworth, 
Nort Vile [North Bierley], Batlay, Hecmundwyk, Gomersalle, Leversege, Myrfeld, 
Claketon [Cleckheaton], Boiling, EUand, and part of Ardeslawe. 

The said Earl held of the king in chief 24^ knight's fees in the honour of Ponte- 
fract ; to render service in the place in which the fees are, names not given in the 
aforesaid inquisition. 

The same to return per annum to the aforesaid wapentake 105s. 4d., full 
particulars of which are given. — Kirkby s Inquest, p. 30. 

PoDESEY. — Hugh of Woodhall held in Podesey of John Scott of Calverley, two 
carucates of land where 24 make a fee ; of which John, son of Simon, held one ox- 
gang, Robert his brother, one oxgang, John de Camera, one oxgang, John de Tounes- 

leuerd, one oxgang, John of the Well, one oxgang, son of Jordan, Simon, son of 

Robert, one bovate, William the Wayt and Magot de Bramley, one oxgang, Richard 
de Bercroft and Margaret his wife (or mother), one oxgang, Peter de Selleby, Simon, 
son of Thomas de Oulcotes, and William, son of Roger, one oxgang, John, son of 
Alan, one oxgang, William, son of Roger, one oxgang, John, son of Ellis, one ox- 
gang, Robert the Cowper, one oxgang, John de Berill [Bierley?] one oxgang, William, 
son of Melkeous [or Mallemouse], one oxgang, the wife of John de Bradford, one ox- 
gang, and John de Oulecotes, one oxgang. — Knights' Fees in Yorkshire, p. 226.* 

*i. A Knight's Fee was so much inheritance as was sufficient yearly to maintain a knight with 
convenient revenue, which in Henry Ill's days was {^x^. — Camd. Brit., p. in. In the 
time of Edward HI., £,10. Ail persons holding knight's fees were bound to be in readiness 
to attend their sovereign for forty days' service every year. 8 to 16 carucates were contained 
in a knight's fee. See p. 15. 

2 A Carucate was as much land as a plough could till in a year, and was variously estimated at from 
60 to as high as 180 acres. If we say about 120 acres, this may be about an average. 
A hide of land, and a plough land, were each of the same extent as a carueate. 

3. An Oxgang or bovate of land consisted of from 13 to 16 acres, or as much land as one o.\ could 
plough in a year. 



PUDSEY CHARTERS. 23 

To the aid of the King in his numerous wars, levies were 
occasionally made upon the knights and landowners for their 
contributions, and from a Subsidy Roll preserved among the 
records in the Queen's Remembrances in the Exchequer, and 
published by the Surtees Society in 1867, we learn that — 

PuDESAY. — From Hugh de Wodhall for two carucates of land in Pudesay, 4od. 
TONG. — From Richard de Tong for three carucates of land in Tong, 6s. 8d. 

The aid was granted to Edward I., in 1 290 (the 1 8th year 
of his reign), but was not collected until the 31st Edward I. 

[1303.] 

As well as their contributions in money, the whole of the 
knights, and there were several hundreds in Yorkshire, were 
liable to be called upon for military service, and they" were 
followed to the field of battle by several thousands of yeomen, 
burghers, and peasants, armed with bill, bow and arrows, the 
ordinary weapons of the English soldiers at that time. Every 
man in England was required to be trained to the use of arms 
in the time of Edward I., and the whole population was trained 
to the use of the bow and arrow, from boyhood to manhood, and 
all were required to have arms in their possession.* In the year 
1300, according to Rymer's Fcedej^a, King Edward I. called 
on the county of York to furnish five thousand nine hundred 
men for the invasion of Scotland. The mass of the population 
was thus organized for war by the Barons and Knights of each 
county. In the Testa de Nevill, an ancient record of the time of 
Henry III., the father of Edward the I., Calverley is stated as 
being half a Knight's fee, John de [Cauverlay ?] being the Knight 
mentioned before. 

The town and valley of Bradford was only half a Knight's 
fee ; the Abbot of Kirkstall held two Knights' fees ; Richard de 
Tong one-fourth part of a Knight's fee ; Robert de Horton one- 
third of a Knight's fee ; Gilbert Juvenis de Horton tenth of a 
Knight's fee. 

Amongst the MSS. in the possession of Mr. Edw. Hail- 
stone, F.S.A., of Walton Hall, are grants relating to Pudsey, as 
follows : — 

Grant by Robert de Birley, of Podekesay, to the Brothers of the Hospital of 
Jerusalem, for ever, of an annual rent of twelvepence. Not dated, but appearing to 
have been made about the year 1300. 

Grant by Adam, the son of Attun, of Pudesreshey, of an annual rent of one 
penny to God and the Blessed Mary and the Brothers of the Hospital of Jerusalem 
serving God there. Not dated, but made about the year 1300. 

* For a full description of the arras required to be kept, see Baines's Yorkshire, Past and Presi-vt. 

Div. ii., p. 508. 



24 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

In the Wakefield Manor Rolls it is recorded that in 1297, 
" Richard, son of Hugh de Schepdene, took 8d. from the widow 
of Wm. de Pudesheye, and was charged with other robberies." 
Whether they caught the thief or not the Rolls do not say. 
Returning again to the Calverley Charters we find a MS., written 
by his own hand, in which 

John Scot, of Calverley, grants land to John Touneslouerd, of Podesey, on 
condition that after two years from the feast of St. Martin, 1305, he should pay 20s. 
rent from that time to the said John Scot, out of which a payment of 4s. should be 
returned to the said John Touneslouerd, in Podesey. [a.d. 1305.] — Add. Char., 
16,642. Hugh de Wodehal quit-claims to John Scot, of Calverley, the service per- 
taining to two bovates of land in Pudessay. The witnesses being :— John de Wode- 
hall, John de Puddessay, and others. [Time, Hen. HI., or Edw. I. '^]~Add. Char., 
16,649. 

No. 16,652 is a document in his own handwriting, in which 

William Touneslouerd, of Podesey, devises to John Scot, of Calverley, a rent of 
eleven shillings per annum, in Podesey, to be held from the feast of Penticost A.D., 
1304, to the end of eleven years. The witnesses being : — Mr. Hugh de Wodehalle, 
John de Oulcotes, and others, [a.d. 1304.] 

John Touneslouerd, of Podesey, gave to John Scot, of Calverley, four shillings 
rent for land in Podesey. The witnesses being : — John de Podesey, clerico, John de 
Oulcotes, and Robert, son of Simon de Podesey. [Time of Edward I.] 

All these five persons named in this Charter appear in the 
knights' fees list, 

John Cuper, of Puddessay, gave to John Scot, of Calverley, rent of 1 2d., for two 
bovates of land in Puddessay. The witnesses being : — Master Hugh de Wodehalle, 
and Will, de Boiling. [Te/np. Edward \.'t]—Add. Char., 16,664. Robert, son of 
John the Coupere, of Pudesay, sold to John Scot, of Calverley, his chief lord, two 
acres of land in Pudeshey. Witnesses :— Master Hugh de la Wodehalle, Will, de 
Boiling, and John Clerico de Pudeshey. — Adcf. Chart., 16,665. 

In the next charter, No. 16,666, we have the land mentioned, 
and the place where one of the witnesses lived, namely, Oule- 
cotes, still bears the same name. 

Robert, son of John the Coupere, of Pudesay, sold to John Scot, of Calverley, 
land in essarto called Olderode in Podesheye. Witnesses : — Hug de la Wodehalle, 
John de Oulecotes, and John de Podeshey, clerico. [Time of Edward I. ?] With a Seal. 

In another charter. No. 16,66^., the same Robert sells to the 
same purchaser another clearing or essart, called " Horsivellerode 
in Podesey,"* but I know of no place or land having this name 
at present. In charter No. 16,668, the same Robert agrees to 
pay to the aforesaid John Scott, an annual rent of i8d., from two 
bovates or oxgangs of land in Podesheye. Dated at the Feast 
of Annunciation of the Blessed Mary, 1308. {With a fragment 
of a Seal.) In the charters, Nos. 16,669, and 16,670, the afore- 
said Robert sells to John Scott, land only in first, and in the 
second, " a messuage and land with the reversion of land in 
Podesey." Each have a Seal attached. 

* See p. 16. 



PUDSEY CHARTERS. 2$ 

William Fayre de Neuton and Christiana his wife, sold to John, named Scot, of 
Calverley, an acre of land in Podusey. The witnesses being : — Ric. de Tong. Ric. 
de Morlay, Joh. de Rothelay. [Time of Edward I. ? No. 16,672.] William, son of 
Bernard de Pudesay, gives to John Hylkley, a messuage and toft in Pudesay. The 
witnesses being : — Joh. Scotte de Calverlay, Hug. de Wodehalle, and others. [Time 
ofEdwardl. ?] — AJd. Char., 16,673. 

The following" extract has an especial interest : — 

Elena, daughter of Gilbert de Podesay, lets to John, at the Well of Podesay, 
part of a toft in Podesay, to be held from the house of the Hospitallers of St. John of 
Jerusalem in England. Witnesses '. — John .Scot de Calverley and Will, son of Roger 
de Podesey.* {Temp. Ed. I. ?] 

The queston presents itself to me, where was the Well near 
to which this John lived ? as we often shall come across his 
name. Was it Bankhouse Well, or Acres Well, or Smale Well, 
or Jumbles Well, or Green Well ? as these are all old wells. 
Continuing we have the following : — 

Richard, son of John de la Green, of Tyrsale, lets to William, son of Richard 
Alayn, of Pudesay, through free marriage with Matilda, his sister, a messuage and 
lands in Tyrsale. Witnesses :— Joh. Scot de Calverley and Hug. de Wodehalle. 

John, son of Isabella de Podusay, gives to John, named Scot, of Calverley, and 
to Jane, or Joan, his wife, a toft and a croft in Tirsale hamlet of Podusay. Witnesses : 
Joh. de Bollinge and Ada de Oxinhope. — Add. Char., i6,68r. 

The previous nineteen charters noticed are of the time of 
Edw. I., A.D. 1272 to 1307. 

Mstr. Hugh de Wodehalle, son of Jordan, quit claimed to John, son of John 
Scot, of Calverley, lands and rents at Berecroft and Pudessay. The witnesses being : 
Rob. de Plumpton, Sir Simon Warde, Sir Joh. de Heton, Sir Hug. de Swillington, 
Knights. [Time, Edw. H., a.d. 1307 to 1327.] 

John the Cooper [le Coupar], of Pudesay, gave to John Scot, Lord of Calverley, 
one essart of land in Pudesay. Witnesses : — Hug. de Wodehalle and Hen. de Tiresale. 

Richard, son of Henry de Gotham, gave to John, Lord of Calverley, six acres of 
land in the essart called .Schiresroyde, in Podusay. Witnesses : — Richard de Tong, 
and Richard de Morley. 

John, son of Ellis de Pudesay, let to John, Lord of Calverley, the services of 
John le Rede, of Pudesay, for the payment of 6d. held in fee, and a full-blown rose 
annually. Witnesses :- -Richard de Tong and John de Rothelay. With a Seal. 

Hugh del Wodhalle gave to John, Lord of Calverley, an annual payment of 7d. 
in Priestthorp, to hold as long as the said John holds the tenements by feoffment of 
the said Hugh, in Calverlay and Wodhalle. Witnesses : — Richard de Thonge, John 
Clerico de Poddesay, and others. 

Hugh, son of Master Hugh de Wodehalle, grants to his father and Isabella his 
mother, messuages, lands, tenements, etc., which his father formerly held in fee- 
service in Pudesay. Witnesses .-—John, Lord of Calverlay, Walter his son, and John 
de Rothelay. 

Robert [le Rede] of Pudesay, granted or let to Robert, son of William Fraunke- 
tenant [free tenant or freeholder] of Bramley, three acres and a half of land in Pude- 
say. Witnesses : — John, Lord of Calverley, and John de Otthelay. 

Here is another specimen of the domestic slavery which 
existed at the period : — 

John Alan, of Podusay, granted to John, Lord of Calverley, and Johanni his 
wife, the service of William, son of Hugh Bayard, at the wage of gd. in Podusay. 
The witnesses were : — Thomas de Storneton and John Bollinge. 

* Named in the Pedigree. 



26 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

William Touneslouerde, of Podesay, granted to John de Calverley, a messuage 
in Calverley, at a rental of 4s. Witnesses : — John de Thornhille and Richard de 
Tonge. With a Seal. — Add. Char., 16,740. 

Hugh, son of Master Hugh de Wodehalle, grants to John de Calverley, 
his chief Lord, the services of Richard de Morleyes, in respect of messuages and lands 
in Oidecotes. at Pudesey. Witnesses : — Sir John de Thornhille and Will, de 
Biestone, Knights, and others. — Aud. Char., 16,743. 

Hugh, son of Master Hugh de Wodehalle, grants to the above said John de 
Calverley, the service or homage of Richard son of Reyner de Tyrsale, and 1 2d. 
annual rent in Tyrsale ei alia. Witnesses : — Sir John de Thornhille, Will, de 
Biestone, Knights, and others. — Add. Char., 16,744. 

John le Rede, of Podesey, gives to John de Calverley, a toft in Tyrsale. 
Witnesses : — Sir John de Thornhille and Will de. Biestone, Knights, and others. 

Thomas, son and heir of Robert Rede, of Pudsay, grants to John Stauntton, and 
Matilda, his wife, and their heirs, seven selions lying on Quaywellrode and two 
selions lying on Gylkakrode side ; and three roods of land, whereof one rood lies 
between the land of Walter de Calverley and the land of Robert Lumby. and two 
roods lie near the land of John Wilson, in the town of Pudsey. Witnesses : — Thomas 
de Tyrsale, John, son of Jordan de Pudsey, Will, son of Robert, of the same, Robert 
Lumby, of the same. Given at Pudsey, Feast of St. John the Baptist, 41 Edw. IH. 
— Hemingway AJSS. 

Hugh, son of Magistri Hugh de Wodehalle, quit claimed to John de Calverley, 
the service of Richard de Morleyes in Oulcotes at Pudesay. — Add. Char., 16,746. 

John, son of Simon de Oulcotes, paid to John de Calverley i8d. for a bovate or 
oxgang of land in Pudesey. Witnesses : — Sir John de Thornhille and Will, de 
Biestone, Knights, and others. — Add. Char., 16,748. 

John, son of Ellis de Pudesay, quit-claimed to John de Calverlay the rent of 6d. 
for an essart called Schirebrooke, which John le Rede, of Pudesay, held in Pudesay. 
Witnesses : — Sir John de Thornhille, Knight, Hugh de Wodehalle, and others. With 
a Seal. — Add. Char., 16,749. 

John, son of Walthew de Bagley, gives to William at the well in Podesay, an 
essart, called AnstnUh Rode, and an acre of land in Vinrodes, at a rental of 4s. per 
annum, to John de Calverley. Witnesses : — John de Calverley, Knight, John de 
Morley, and others. — Add. Char., 16,751. 

The essart here mentioned would probably be the clearing 
which Ann Smith had made. Rode, or Royd, signified a clear- 
ing ; that is, a place cleared of wood — trees, brushwood, etc., and 
so put into cultivation. 

John, at the Well, of Pudesay, quit-claimed to John de Calverlay and Johanne 
his wife, an acre of land in Pudesay. Witnesses : — Richard de Tonge, John de 
Bollynge, and others. — Add. Char., 16,754 

William Touneslouerd, of Podesey, quit-claimed to John de Calverley, lands and 
tenements in Calverley, Wodehalle, and Priesthorpe. Witnesses : — John de Thorne- 
hille, Ric. de Tonge, and others. Given on the Feast of St. Gregory, 1310. With a 
Seal. — Add. Char., 16,763. 

John de Calverley, in a letter, assigns a place to William, the son of Simon de 
Calverley, for the purpose of receiving the rents in regard to a messuage and land in 
Pudesay, occupied by William, son of Hugh, son of Juliana. Dated on the 5th day 
of the i^east of .St. Bartholomew the Apostle, 1319. — Add. Char., 16,766. 

Hugh, the son and heir of Master Hugh de Wodehalle, in Calverley, 
appoints, in a letter, Richard de Morleyes for the purpose of rendering homage to 
John de Calverley, the chief lord, for lands held in Oulcotes at Pudesay. Given in 
December, in the last days of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 13 Edward H. [1309.] — Add, 
Char., 16,810. 



THE SCOTTISH INVASION, 2/ 

In 1316, Richard de Goteham leases to William Alayn, of Podesay, and 
Matilda, his wife, all the land which he took with Alice his wife, in the town of Pode- 
say, except one acre, with buildings thereon, which Alice de Morlay then held. 
Term, 12 years. Rent lis. Witnesses : — Hugh de Wodehall, John, son of Will, de 
Podesay, John de Royethlay, Jordan, son of Peter, and Thomas de Tyrsale. — 
Hemingway M/SS. 

We have thus, in these charters and letters, Httle pictures 
of how they were buying and selHng property in houses and 
lands, and even in human chattels, at the very time when the 
land was distracted by war, for, in the reign of Edward II., the 
time to which these records refer, the Scots over-ran Yorkshire, 
and committed serious devastations in many districts, in revenge 
for the wars which Edward I. had carried on in Scotland. It is 
extremely probable that the humble homes of some of our fore- 
fathers would suffer from some of these Scottish raids, and that 
some of the men would be called out to help in doing battle with 
the invading Scots. We are warranted in this very probable 
supposition, when we know that the district around Leeds was 
occupied and despoiled by them, and that for some time a part 
of the Scottish army was encamped at Morley, within a few 
miles of Fudsey ; and also when we know that one of our neigh- 
bouring gentry, residing at Tong, within two miles of our village, 
played an important part at this crisis. " On the loth of August, 
1 3 14, Edward II. issued writs from York to Richard de Tong* 
and Thomas de Heaton for the wapentakes of Morley and Sky- 
rack, and to other gentlemen for their wapentakes, to raise all 
men between fifteen and sixty who were capable of bearing arms 
to repel the invading Scots, who were in the meantime burning 
and harrying the fairest portions of Yorkshire, and destroying 
the harvest as on former occasions." 

Two years after this event a record, called the Nomina 
Villariim for Yorkshire! was taken, and which is now amongst 
the Harleian MSS., No. 6,281. In contains a list of the towns 
and villages in Yorkshire, with the names of the Lords of the 
Manors at that time, viz., 9th Edward II. [13 16.] Of this 
district it records : — 

'■ Calverlay et Puddesay. Johannes de Calverlay. 
Ferslai Kicardus Wade. 

Tonge Ricardus de Tong." 

Three years after this account was written, the Scots again 
made another terrible descent into this district, viz., in 13 19, and 
on the 8th June of that year, writs were issued for a general levy 
of men in these northern counties. The very men whose names 

* He died in the year 1348. 
t Pub. by tlie Surtees Society in 1867, vol. xlix, 



28 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

occur as witnesses to some of these charters which I have 
noticed, viz. : — John de Thornill, WilHam de Beeston, Warren de 
Scargill, Nicholas de Stapleton, and others, were ordered to raise 
the men of the West Riding. 

About this time Walter de Calverley devised, by an indenture to William, son of 
Robert de Wodehalle, residing in Ledes, one bovate of land in Puddesay, to be held 
to the end of a period of five years from the Feast of St. Martin, A.D., 1318, at an 
annual rent of iijs. Witnesses : — John de Calverley, John the clerk de Puddesay, and 
others. \Temp. circ. 1320.] — Add. Char., 16,812. 

Walter de Calverlay, % an indenture, conceded to William de Grenefelde, on 
the understanding that if Hugh de Wodehalle after five years shall pay ten pounds to 
the said William, then Walter shall deliver to the said William his lands and tene- 
ments in Pudesay. Given on the Monday next after the Feast of St. James, 12 
Edw. II. [1318.] With a broken Seal.— Add. Char., 16,813. 

On the same date, this William de Grenefelde, had by a 
charter with a seal, conceded to Walter de Calverlay, messuages, 
lands, etc., formerly belonging to Hugh, son of Hugh de Wode- 
halle, in Pudesey. The witnesses being : — Sir John de Thorn- 
hille and Will, de Bestone, knights, and others. {Add. Char., 
16,814.) It thus seems very plain that this William de Gren- 
felde was obliged to give his land and tenements to Walter de 
Calverlay, as a security until Hugh de Wodehalle, the former 
owner, had paid ten pounds to Walter, which was doubtless a 
very improbable event, as ten pounds was a large sum at that 
time, and if this amount was not paid in five years, poor William 
would lose his property. 

Again, on this same day both these persons appoint their 
respective representatives or agents to look after this land, 
etc., on their behalf Wm. de Grenefelde appointed John de 
Pudesay, clerk {Add. Char., 16,815), ^^ho was very probably the 
clerk at the chapel at the time, as his attorney in respect of 
this dispute about his lands, etc., and Walter de Calverley 
appointed Adam Bendescheue his agent in the same matter. 
This latter appointment has attached to it a {Add. Char., 16,816) 
broken seal. In a letter about this time John Aleyn,of Podesey, 
agrees to pay to Walter de Calverley an annual rent of vi pence 
for two bovates or oxgangs of land in Podesey. Witnesses : — 
Richard de Tonge and others. {Add. Char., 16,817.) John le 
Rede, of Podesey, gave to Walter de Calverley the moiety of a 
toft in Podesey. Witnesses : — Ric. de Tonge, John de Bollynge, 
and others. \Tcmp., Ed. H.] {Add. Char., 16,811.) 

Having thus briefly noticed these various local charters 
of the time of Edw. H., we proceed with others, relating to 
transactions which occurred in the reign of Edward HI. [1327 
to 1377.] 



PUDSEY CHARTERS. 29 

John, son of Wathey de Bagley, gave by charter to William, at the Well of 
Podesey, and Beatrice, his wife, an annual rent of ijs. in Podesey. The witnesses 
being :— Sir John de Calverley, Robert le Rede, of Podesey, and others. Given on 
the watch night of St. Martin, in the year 18 Edw. III. [1344.]— .4cW Char., 16,736. 

This Rob. le Rede would perhaps be the son of the John le 
Rede mentioned above. 

William, at the Well of Pudesay, grants to John his son, lands, tenements, and 
goods in Pudsay. Witnesses : — John de Morley, Rob. le Rede, of Pudsay, and others. 
Given at the feast of St. Timothy, 21 Edw. III. [1^47.]— AM. C/iar., 16,791. 

On the Sunday next after the P'east of St. Hillary, 1374., Thomas del' Isle, 
perpetual vicar of Calverley, and Thomas de Bergehby, chaplain, give, grant, and 
confirm to William, son of John Attewell, of Podesey, and Margaret, his wife, all the 
lands and tenements they had of the gift of the said William* in the town of Podesay. 
To have and to hold to the aforesaid John and Margaret his wife and their heirs. 
Remainder to the aforesaid William, son of John. Witnesses :— Walter de Calverley, 
Thomas de Tirsall, Robert Attewell, of Pudsey, John de Tirsall, of Pudsey, William 
Gilleson of the same, and others — Heiningxuny MSS. 

46 Edw. III., Sept. I. John, son of John de Bercroft, of Pudsay, quit-claims 
to John, son of William Attewell, rector of the church of Quixlay, and Robert and 
William, brothers of the same John, son of William, their heirs and assigns, all the 
right in all land, etc., which the said William Attewell had of the gift of the aforesaid 
John Bercroft. Witnesses : — Sir Robert de Neuill, Knt., Robert Passelewe, Roger 
de Lede, Walter de Calverlay, Thomas Dautre, John Passelewe, Thomas Osmond, 
and others. — Hetningway MSS. 

In a Charter, with two seals, John de Bercrofte, son of »Valtheii de Bagley, 
and Agnes, his wife, give to William Attewelle, of Podesey, and Beatrice, his wife, 
lands in Podesey. Witnesses :— Sir John de Calverley, Rob. le Rede, of Podese}', 
and others. Given on the nativity of the blessed Virgin Mary, 20 Edw. III. [1346.] 
— Aad. Char., 16,796. 

No, 16,797 is a letter of agreement, with two seals, between John de Bercroft and 
Agnes, his wife, in regard to lands in Podesey. Dated 31 January, 22 Edw. III. 
[\^^S.\—Add. Char., 16,797. 

John de Calverley, knight, in a letter written by his own hand, grants to John, 
son of Thomas Eorrester, of Tonge, the keeping of his land and the marriage [por- 
tion ?] of Thomas, the son and heir of Robert le Rede in Pudsay, until he comes of 
age. Witnesses : — Will. Attewell, Thomas de Tiresale, and others. Given on the 
day before the feast of St. Michael, 1352. — Add. Char., 16,802. 

'ihe name of one of these witnesses is met with in the 
Bradford Manor Court Rolls (date, between 1340 and 1355), and 
gives another illustration of the domestic servitude existing in this 
district at that period. It is there recorded that 

Thomas de Tiresall made fine with the lord, of VId. Chiefage for license of 
having John, son of Roger Childyounge, a bondman in his service, up to the feast of 
St. Michael next ensuing, so that he shall give back the aforesaid John to the baiUff 
at the time.t 

Thos. de Tiresale was also a pledge or bond for the 
payment of half a mark, by Thomas, son of Gabriel, for 
buying Matilda, his wife, a bond woman of the lord, for his 
merchet. 

* For this gift see Margerison's Registers of ihe Parish of Calverley, ii., tg;. 
t From a Paper on the Bradford Manor Court Rolls, by T. T. Empsall, printed in No. Ill, 
of the Bradford Aiitiqiiaty, 



30 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

John de Calverley, knight, in a letter, grants to William Attewell, of Pudesay, 
and to Isabella, his wife, a toft in Pudesay to be held in fee-tail so long as a male 
descendant remains, at the annual rent of a rose. Witnesses : — Will, de Idele, and 
others. Dated 26 Edw. III. [1352-3.]— ^(Trt'. Char., 16,803. 

[Letter imperfect and with a broken seal.] 

In an indenture, with two broken seals, 

John de Calverlai, knight, grants to Walter de Calverlai, his son, and Margerie, 
the daughter of John de Dynelai, lands and tenements in Podesai, Wodehalle, and 
Calverlai, to be held in fee tail for the rent of a single rose. Witnesses :— Rob. de 
BoUynge, Will, de Wynthorpe, and others. Given on the day before the feast of the 
Apostles Simon and Jude. 31 Edw. III. \ilSl-\—''^'^^^- Char., 16,804. 

There is also a letter written in the same year as the fore- 
going, in which 

John de Morlai and many others, tenants of lands which John de Calverlai, 
knight, formerly devised to John de Dynelai on a lease of five years in Podesai and 
Wodehalle, and lately granted to his son Walter, and to Margeri, daughter of John de 
Dynelai in fee tail, the said persons making power of attorney in the presence of the 
said Walter and Margery, and of John de Calverlai, knight, and of Thomas, the vicar 
of Calverlai, and others. Given on the Thursday before the feast of St. Luke the 
Evangelist, 31 Edw. III. With three Seals and a JracmeHt. — Add. Char., 16,805. 

By an indenture Walter de Calverlay, lord of Calverley, let to Peter, son of 
Matilda de Pudsey, a messuage and croft named "Bayard Yerd," and an acre of 
land, named Bayard acker, to be held to the end of his life, at an annual rent of 
three shillings. Granted on the feast of the Apostles Philip and James, A. D. 1361. — 
Add. Char., 16,818. 

In the next year (1362) the same 

Walter de Calverley granted, by an indenture, to Isabella, formerly the wife of 
William Atte-well of Pudesey land in Pudesey, to be held for the whole of her life in 
return for a rose, to be paid annually. The witnesses being: — William AUayn, Wil- 
liam, son of Robert, and others. Granted on the festival of St. Michael, 36th of 
Edw. III. With a Seal.— Add. Char., 16,821. 

This seems to have been a generous action to a widow. 

In A.D. 1363, this same lord, who is named in the indenture, 

Walter Scot, of Calverly, lets to Robert le Walker, land and a mill in Calverley 
for the term of his life, at a rental of 20s. Given on Wednesday after the feast of St. 
Martin, 37 Edw. III. — Add. Char., 16,822. 

By an indenture, in 1365, this Walter of Calverley let to John, son of William 
of Tiresalle, lands in Pudesey, to be occupied for the period of eighteen years, at an 
annual rent of 6s. Granted on the day of the moon before the feast of St. Timothy, 
39 Edw. III. With a Sea!. — Add. Char., 16,823. 

In a charter Walter de Calverley granted to Robert Attewell of Pudesay, his 
ward, the liberty to marry Isabella, daughter of John Attewell. Granted on the first 
of September, 40 Edw. III. [1366.]— ^</rt'. Char., 16,824. 

By a writing, Thomas, the son and heir of Robert le Rede of Pudsay, demised 
to John de Stanntone, and Matilda, his wife, a messuage and land for the period of 
their life. Given in the feast of Lent, 41 Edw. III. [1367.] With a Seal. —Add. 
Char., 16,825. 

I3y an indenture William Passelewe grants to William, son of John Attewellc, 
of Puddesay, lands and tenements which he had of the gift of the said William in 
Pudesay, to be held in fee tail with the remainder to Agnes, his friend {amicie ejus). 
Witnesses: — Walter de Calverley, and others. Dat. 10 Jan., 42 Edw. III. [1369.] — 
Add. Char., 16,827. 



PUDSEY CHARTERS. 3I 

By a charter, Isabella, daughter of John ad fontem (or, in other words, At the 
well) of Pudesay, gives to Robert, son of William ad fontem of the same place, the 
reversion of lands in Pudesay and Bercroft. Witnesses : — Rob. Passelewe, Rog. de 
Leedes, Walt, de Calverley, and others. Granted on the day of Sabbath before 
the feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Mary, 46 Edw. III. [1372.]*— ^^A/. Char., 
16,829. 

In a letter, under the same date, the aforesaid Isabella of Pudesay, quitclaims 
to the said Robert, lands which his father held at the gift of John de Bercroft, and 
others. Witnesses : — Sir Rob. Nevylle, knight, Rob. Passelew, Rog. de Leedes, and 
others. — .4 rfrf'. Char., 16,830. 

By a charter, William, the son of John Attewelle, of Pudesay, gave to Sir 
Thos. del Isle, vicar of Calverlay, and William de Berghley, chaplain, lands in 
Pudesay. Witnesses: — Walt, de Calverlay, Adam de Hoptone, Thomas Dautry, 
Thomas de Tirsall, Robert Attewell, John de Bytton, of Pudesey, and others. Dat. 
at Pudsey, Monday next before the feast of St. Thomas the Apostle, 48 Edw. III. 
\MlA-\—-^<id- Char., 16,832. 

With a seal of green wax,- protuberant on the back. The inscription, the arms 
of Walter de Calverley in a shield placed within a seize foile, as appears by part of an 
inscription around it.f ( - - erue - - ) 

By an indenture, Walter de Calverley conceded to William, son of (Ellis?) of 
Bramley, certain rights and liberties in grazing at Milnewood, and subgrazing at 
Frith, and in Calverlay and Podesay, and in the lordship of Tonge. Granted on the 
4th of Nov., I Richard II. [1377.] With two Seals.— Add. Char., 16,834. 

John, son of Ellis de Podesay, leases to William, son of Richard Alayn, one acre 
of land down in a certain place, " Gospalrode," from the feast of St. Martin, 1304, 
for five years. Rent 2s. annually. — Heminqivay MSS. 

William le Wayt, and William, son of Thomas Carpentar, lease to John de 
Podeshay, one toft with buildings, and all the land, to wit, four and a half acres, with 
the meadow adjacent, which we had of Richard, son of Eli, the smith. To hold from 
the feast of St. Martin, 1312, for il years, with rights of common, etc., in the village 
ofHoustorp. [Qu. Does this refer to the same place as " Ulvisthorpe," and where 
was it ? Pudsey has several divisions.] Rent, 4s. 6d. per year. — Hemingway MSS. 

Matilda, daughter of Gilbert de Pugsay, grants to William, son of John de 
Pugsay, and his heirs, one hoxgandale in Pugesay, lying between the lands of the 
said William on the north, and the lands of Richard Carpentar on the south, and one 
extremity stretches over towards the house of Avis, daughter of Robert Yodlan, and 
the other towards the [c'mbil' ? ] Witnesses : —Jordan Wudhalle, Robert Paitewin, 
Ellis the tanner, and Robert Serjeant. — Hemingway MSS. 

Matilda, daughter of Gilbert de Pugsay, quit-claims to John de Bradforde, her 
lord, and his heirs, for 5 shillings and one bushel of oats, one hoxganddale of land in 
Pugsay, lying between the land of William, son of John, on the north, and the land 
of Richard Carpentar on the south, and one extremity extends towards the house of 
Avis, daughter of Robert Yodlan, and the other towards the [qimbilV] Witnesses : — 
Jordan de Wudehalle, Robert Paitewin, Ellis the tanner, and oiYiQx^. —Heminowav 
MSS. ' 

During the long reign of Edw. III. there were several ex- 
pensive and exhausting wars ; consequently manufactures lan- 
guished, trade was oppressed, and the arts of peace suffered 
much. The debts which the king contracted, and which the 
nation owed in all directions, were fearfully heavy and crushing. 

* From the Wakefield Manor Court Rolls, we learn that in 1372, Margaret, daughter of John 
de Pudsey, had a dispute with John Gibson, of Eccleshill, about some cattle, and paid 2d. In the 
same year, Thomas, vicar of the Church of Calverley, had a dispute with Alice, widow and executrix 
of Robert de Phellowe, and he petitions for Ss. for an o.\ sold to the said Robert, at Pudsay.— i1/,i'. 
Notes by^. Horsfall Turner. 

t Mr. S. Margerison gives an engraving of it in vol. ii. of his published Calverley Registen, 
ii,, 197. 



32 



HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



To meet these debts taxes were laid and subsidies were collected. 
Those for 1327 and 1333, give the list of the contributors. No 
doubt, if we had these lists, we should have the names of many 
of those whom I have just mentioned. However, fortunately, 
we have the Subsidy Roll for 1378, collected in the second 
year of his successor. 

Extract from the Rolls of the Collectors of the Lay Subsidy, 
or Poll Tax, 2 Richard II., in the West Riding of the County of 
York, A.D. 1379.* 

PUDESAY. 



Thomas de Tyrisall' & vxor. - - - iiijd. 

Willelmus Kyng & vxor. - - - - iiijd. 

Nicholaus de Fudesay & vxor. - - iiijd. 

Willelmus Erode & vxor. - - - - iiijd. 

Walterus Coke & vxor. ... - iiijd. 

Petrus de Pudesay & vxor. - - - iiijd. 

Robertus Pycard' & vxor. - - - - iiijd. 

Willelmus Attewell' & vxor. - - - iiijd. 

Willelmus Attewell' junior & vxor. - iiijd. 

Johannes Wayt & vxor. - - - - iiijd. 

Johannes Malynson & vxor. - - - iiijd. 

Rogerus fflayer & vxor. . . - . iiijd. 

Johannes Sclake & vxor. . - - - iiijd. 

Johannes de Sutill & vxor . - - - iiijd. 

Johannes de Heton & vxor. - - - iiijd. 

Willelmus Gilleson & vxor. - - - iiijd. 

Thomas de Pudesay & vxor. - - - iiijd. 



Johannes de Holcreft & vxor. - - iiijd. 

Johannes filius W^illelmi & vxor. - iiijd. 

Johannes de Brenn & vxor. - - - iiijd. 

"Willelmus Alan & vxor. - - - - iiijd. 

Willelmus Skinner & vxor. - - - iiijd. 

Thomas de Slakef & vxor. - - - iiijd. 

Robertus de Lumby & vxor. - - iiijd. 

Johannes de Staunton & vxor. - - iiijd. 

Robertus de Rothelay - - - - iiijd. 

Alicia de Rothelay iiijd. 

Cecilia Erode iiijd. 

Elizabeth Coke iiijd. 

Alicia atte Well' iiijd. 

Alicia relicta Willelmi - - - - iiijd. 

Alicia de Heton iiijd. 

Willelmus de Tiresall' - - - - iiijd. 
Summa xj.s. 



We have here a most interesting list of the householders 
in the township at this early period, and a record of their status. 
They are all entered here as working people ; there is no village 
squire, or merchant, or landowner ; no innkeeper or tradesmen 
amongst them. Esquires generally paid 20s., though occasionally 
only 6s. 8d. ; merchants usually paid I2d., but now and then 2s. 
or 3s., and if in a large way of business, even up to 6s. 8d. ; 
ostelers or innkeepers paid 2s. ; tradesmen or artificers, as 
carpenters, butchers, tailors, smiths, &c., paid 6d., and now and 
then 1 2d. ; but the common people, single or married couples, 
paid 4d. This may seem a small sum to us now-a-days, but 
when we notice the difference in the earnings of the working 
classes at this early period and those of to-day, then the weight 
of this heavy war-tax becomes more apparent. In the year 
1352, but a few years before this tax was collected, the amount 
of wages paid to haymakers was id. per day ; to a mower of 
meadows, 5d. per acre, or 5d. per day ; to reapers of corn, without 

* Yorkshire Archceologicai nnd Topographical Journal, vol. vi., p. 299. 

t Among the Heiiiingtvny MSS. is an apprentice deed, dated 10 July, i Hen. VI. [1423], by 
which Rich.ird Slak, son of Thomas Slak, of Podesay. i> bound to William Ricroft, of Calverley, 
shoeing-smith, for three years and a half, from the feast of the Nativity of our Lord last past. 



POLL TAX. 



33 



meat and drink, and finding their own tools, 2d. to 3d. per 
day. In 1361 a chief master carpenter or mason had 4d. per 
day, and others 2d. or 3d., as they were worth. Now, if our 
working people had an income tax to pay, amounting to 
between two and four days' earnings, would there not be a 
loud outcry against the impost, and a still louder demand for 
" peace, retrenchment and reform " ? The tax was granted to 
Richard II., on his accession to the throne, and was in the form 
of a graduated poll tax, or a tax per head ; knights being 
charged lOOs., esquires 20s., and so on, and the common people 
a groat, or 46., all above sixteen years of age being liable to pay. 
Married couples were charged as one, but it would seem that there 
must have been some omitted who were sixteen years old from the 
above list, as surely, there must have been more than eight persons 

of that age in the twenty- 
five families named in the 
list. If we estimate the 
twenty - five families at 
five in each family, then 
we have a population of 
125 persons in the village 
at this early period, and 
Groat of Richard II. that thcy paid the sum of 

IIS. under this Poll Tax. A glance at our neighbouring villages 
at the time, will give us some idea of their size and standing, in 
comparison with our own village. Parsley paid 3s. 8d. ; Calver- 
ley, 30s. 4d., but of this sum Walter de Calverley paid 20s. 
Idyll, 14s., all in sums of 4d. ; Bramley, 19s. 4d. ; Farnley, 8s. 
Tong, 6s. ; Gomersall, 17s. ; North Bierley, 8s. ; VVyke, 5s; 
Heckmondwike, 4s. 8d. ; Bowling, 13s., of which sum John de 
Bollyng, Esquier, paid 6s. 8d. ; Eccleshill, /s. 8d. ; Bradforth, 
23s.; Wortley, 9s. 4d., but of this amount Adam de Hopton paid 
6s. 8d. ;* Drighlington, 9s. ; Morley, lis. 4d. ; Horseforth, 
15s. 8d. ; Yeadon, lis. 4d. ; Rawden, lis.; Leeds, 60s. 4d., of 
which sum Roger de Leedes, Esquier, paid 20s. ; and so on, every 
town and village contributing its share. There is no doubt but 
that the various persons named in the lists would "get off" with 
paying as little to the tax as was possible, as most of the payers 
of income tax at the present day are said to do. However, as 
regards those in our own list, at a first view, one would take 
them for all common working people ; and no doubt they would 
be all workers, but that they were a superior order of working 
people, we, fortunatel)-, have evidence from other sources to 

D 




34 HISTORY OF rUDSEY. 

prove. The extracts I have given, and shall give, show that they 
had their " bits of property," even in the days when building and 
investment societies were unknown. And they were continually 
buying and selling, letting and granting their interests in this 
property, but nearly always, be it noticed, under the eye of the 
lord of the manor. 

By an indenture Walter de Calverley let to John, son of Wm. de Tiresalle and 
Alice his wife, and Thomas their son, a croft and assart in I'udesay, to be held for 
life at the annual rent of 6s. Witnesses : — Thos. de Tiresalle, Joh de Holcrofte, and 
others. Given on the day before the feast of St. Lawrence, 4th Rich. II. [1380.] 
IVith a ScaL—{Add Char., 16,835.) Wm. , the father, and Thos. the witness, are 
both in the Poll Tax Roll, 1 1 Ric, 11. By a charter, William Attewelle, of Puddessay, 
and Margaret his wife, gave to Walter de Calverley, Esquire, land in Puddessay. 
Witnesses : — Rad. de Beeston, Joh de BoUynge, and others. Dat. on the Sunday 
previous to the feast of St. Bartholomew the Apostle, llth Ric. II. [1387].— ^^o'. 
Char., 16,862. With two Seals. 

John de Stauntone and Matilda his wife, conceded, by a charter, to Walter de 
Calverley, Esquire, lands in Pudessey. Witnesses : — Mr. Rob. de Nevylle de 
Horneby, Mr. Rol). de Plumptone, knights, and others. Given before the feast of 
Corpus Christi, i6th Ric. I[. [1393.] With two S ah.— {Add. Char., 16,869.) 
Stauntone and his wife are in Poll Tax List. No. 16,870, is a writing in which 
John de Stauntone and his wife Matilda, extend for Walter de Calverley their lands 
in Pudesay. Witnesses :— Rad. de Beestone, Joh. de Rome, and others. Given on 
the last day of Saints Peter and Paul the Apostles. [1393.] 

John Verty, clerk, quit-claims to Mr. Walter de Calverley, Knight (chevalier), 
lands which he held at the gift of John de Stauntone and Matilda his wife, in Pudesey. 
Witnesses : — John de Bollynge, Thos. de Thorner, and others. Given on the 30th 
June, 1393- With a Seal. — Add. Char., 16,873. 

By an indenture Thomas de Oulcotes, John de Idel, of Pudesay, and .Simon 
Forster, of Idel, let to John Attewelle, of Pudsay, a toft and land in Pudsay, for the 
whole of his life, with remainder to Richard Juncroft and Isabella his wife, daughter 
of the said John Attewelle, in fee tail. Witnesses : — Weaker de Calverlay, Kt., Jh. 
de Thornore, and others Done 26 Sep., 1394- ]Vith three Seals. — Add. Char., 
16,874. 

By an indenture, Henry Goion, chaplain of Sultune, and Walter Howet, 
devised to Walter de Calverlay the Manor of Calverlay with the mills and lands in 
Calverlay, Wodhalle, Pudesay, Farselay, Raudone, Thornetone, Tiresalle, and Gis- 
lay ; to be held for the period of 20 years, at an annual rent of iiiid. Given on 
Monday next after the feast of the apostles Philip and James, in the igih j^ear of 
Rich. II. [1396.]— ^fl'(/. Cliar., i6,%TJ. With a Seal. 

Robert Newalle and Thomas Whithende, clerks, grant to John Passelewe, of 
Newtone, and Jane, daughter of Walter de Calverlay, knight, lands in Pudesay, to 
be held in fee tail, so long as the said Walter lives. Witnesses :- Rob. de Plumptone, 
knight, and others. Given on the 6th of June, 20th Ric II. [1397.] — Add. Char., 
1 6, 8 78. With two Seals. 

William Broode, of Puddesay, gave, by a charter, to Ralph de Beestone, a 
messuage and land in Puddesay. Witnesses : — Walt, de Calverlay, Esquire, and others. 
Given on Wednesday the day before the feast of vSt. James' the Apostle, 20th Ric. II. 
[1396.]— ^(/(/. Char., 10,879. With a Seal. 

Walter de Calverley, knight, by letter quit-claimed to John Passelewe and Joan, 
his wife, and to his daughter, lands in Puddesay. Witnesses : — Rob. de Plumptone, 
kt., and others. Dat. 12 June, 20 Ric. II. [1397.] — Add. Char., 16,880. With a 
Seal, t 

* In the list of inhabitants at Wortley are several of the name of Lepton. some of whose 
descendants were afterwards of Pudsey. 
t See Add. Char., 16,878. 



PUDSEY CHARTERS. 35 

Ralph de Beestone, by a writing, quit claimed to John Batty, of Calverley, 
lands in Fudesey. Witnesses : — Robt. de Nevylle, AYaller de Calverlay, knights, and 
others. Written on the 15th August, 22 Ric. II. [1398.]— Ac^d. Char., 16, 8m. 

In a letter Ralph de Beestone quit-claims to Wm. Broode, of Pudsay, lands in 
Pudsay. Witnesses : —Rob. Neville and Walter Calverlay, knights, and others. Done 
on the night before the feast of St. Laurence, 22 Ric. II. [1398.] — Aad. Char. 
16,883. ^2^^^ « ^eal. 

Amongst the charters in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, is 

one relating to Pudsey, and to this period. JL334:0^0 

William de Wyrkelay constitutes Richard de Thornhill, his servant, his 
attorney to deliver for him, and in his name, to Geoffrey de Lowenthorpe [Leven- 
thorpe ? J, John de Allerton, Thomas de Clayton, and Walter, son of Robert de 
Rothelay, seisin of all his lands, etc., in the village of Pudsey. Dated 10 November 
ti399-] With a Seal. — Add. C/^«;-., 281. 

This Robert de Rothlay was of Pudsey, as his name appears 
in the Poll Tax, A.D. 1379. 

Walter de Calverley, knight, grants by charter to John Bigot, knight, lord of 
Setryntone, to Marmaduke Darelle, lord of Sesay, to John de Oustone, of Pykburne, 
and to Robert Maulevery, and to Ralph Bygot, the manors of Calverley, Burley, in 
Warldalle [Wharfedale], Altoftys, Helewelle, and Pudsay. Witnesses : — Rob. Neville, 
knt., Rog. de Swelyngtone, knt., John Warde, knt., and others. Granted on the 
day of March before the feast of St. Michael, 3 Hen. IV. [1401]. — Add. Char., 
16,887, i^ith a Seal of Arms. 

In this same year, John Lee, son of Richard Lee, of Pudesey, by charter, gave 
to John Essehalte, described as of Battelay, Thomas Rothelay, and many others, lands 
formerly the property of Robert David, vicar of Bristalle [Birstall], and of Hugh, 
clerk of the chapel, in Pudesey. Witnesses : — Walt, de Calverley, knight, and others. 
Granted on the festival of St. Martin, 3 Hen. IV. — Add. Char., 16,891. 

By an indenture {Add. Char., 16,892] the same five grantors named in No. 
16,887, gave to Walter de Calverlay knight and to Joan his wife the manors 
of Calverlay, Burlay in Querldale [Wharfedale], Altoftis, Haliwelle, and Pudesay, to 
be held for the whole of their life. Witnesses : — Rog. de Sywelyngtone, Rolx 
Nevelle, Joh. Warde, knts. , and others. Dat. on Wednesday before the feast of 
St. Martin, 3 Hen. IV. IVilh five Seals. 

Galfrid de Leventhorpe, John de Allertone, Thomas de Claytone, and William, 
son of Robert de Rothelay, of Pudesay, by a charter, conceded to John atte Leyeghe 
of Pudesay, an assart in Pudesay. W^itnesses : — Walt, de Calverlay, knight, Thomas 
de Thorner and others. Dat. 4 Augus^ 4 Hen. IV. — Add. Char., 16,897. IVilh two 
Seals, [a.d. 1402.] 

In 141 5, an agreement is made by an indenture, between Thomas de Merkyn- 
felde, lord of Merkynfelde, and his wife Joan, formerly the wife of Walter de 
Calverley, when Walter, son of the aforesaid Walter, took to wife Elizabeth, daughter 
of the aforesaid Thomas, and the aforesaid Joan granted under feudal service to her 
son and to the said Elizabeth, lands, etc., in the villages of Hallywelle, near 
Pontefract, and Pudsey, to be held in fee-tail, and the said Thomas shall pay 
;>^53 6s. 8d. Witnesses : — Rog. Ward and others. March ist, 2 Hen. \ .—Aad. 
Char., 16,900. 

On the i6th April, 141 5, the aforesaid Joan grants by an indenture to the afore- 
said Walter and Elizabeth, lands etc., in Halywelle and Pudsay to be held in fee-tail. 
The witnesses being : — Thos. de Merkynfelde, Hen. Sotehille and others. With izoo 
Seals. — Add. Char., 16,901. 

In 1420 John Idelle lately residing in Pudesay quit-claims to Joan formerly 
the wife of Walter de Calverlay, knight, lands in Pudesay. Witnesses : — 
Thomas Maleverer and others. Dat. 22 Jan. 7 Hen. V. — AdiK Char., 16,902. 
With a Seal. 



36 



HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



In the charters in the Bodleian Library is one recording that— 

Geoffrey de Lewenthorp, John de Alleilon, Thomas de Clayton, and William 
son of Robert de Rothelay, grant to William Rothelay the half of all lands and tene- 
ments which he had of the gift of William de Wirkelay in Pudsey in the parish of 
Calverley. Dated at Pudsey, i Jan., i Hen. VI. [1422.]— C/iar/er 382. IVii/i a Seal. 

Tsabell, formerly the wife of Richard Juncroft, by a charter, grants to Walter 
de Calverley esquire, a toft and land called Dikland of Barcroft in Pudsay. 
Witnesses :— Rob. Thornour, Will. Erode and others. Dat. 24 May, i Hen. VI. 
[1423.] Add. Char. 16,903. With a Seal. A William Erode and wife paid subsidy 
tax 4d. in 1379. 

In the next MS. (Add. Char., 19,904) we learn who this 
Isabella is. She is the daughter of John Atewelle, and concedes 
the reversion of the aforesaid toft and land called Dikland in 
Pudsay, to the aforesaid Walter. Also in another MS. {Add. 
Char., 16,905) she quit-claims the same property to the said 
Walter. All three MSS. with Seals, are of the same date, viz. : 
24 May, I Hen. VI. Three days further, and John, son of 
Richard Juncroft, grants a remission of the aforesaid lands, May 
27th, I Hen, VI. [1423.] {Add. Char., 16,906.) Also in a charter, 
the aforesaid John, and Isabella, his mother, concede to Walter 
Calverley, the reversion of the toft and land in Pudsay. Wit- 
nesses : — Will. Scargille, Joh. Gargrave, and others. Dat. 27 
May, I Hen. VI. With a Seal. {Add. Char., 16,907.) In the 
same year 

John Bygod, chevaler, lord of Setteringtone, RIarmaduke Darelle, lord of 
Sesay, John de Oustone, of Pykburne, Robert Mauleverer, and Ralph Bygod, quit- 
claim to W^alter de Calverley, son of Walter de Calverley, Barley in Wardale 
[VVharfedale], Altoftys, Helewelle and Pudsay Witnesses: — John Passelowe, Thos, 
Haukesworth, and others. Dated 2 June i Hen. VI. — Add. Char., 16,908. 

No. 16,909, is a writing in which John Bygot, kt., lord of Setryngtone, Robt. 
Mauleverer, and Ralph Bygot quit-claim the aforesaid manors to the said Walter. 
Witnesses: — Rog. Warde, kt., John Mauleverer and others. Dat. 15 Mar. 2 Hen. 
VI. [1424.] With tivo Seals. 

By a charter William Tyrsalle of Eradeforth granted to Walter Calvyrlay, Will. 
Gellys of Eradforth, Draper, and Dionisio Gellys, clerk, a l)urgess-ship [or a vote] in 
Bradforth. Witnesses: — W'ill. Northrope and others. Dated 20 April 6 Hen. Vj. 
\\/\.2%'\—Add. Char., 16,915. With a Sea'. 

No. 16917 is a letter in which Walter Calverley and John Rothelay of Pudsey, 
are bound to John Lake for ^20. Dated i June 9th Hen. Vj. [1431.]* 

* In tbe Archeolo^ical Journal, vol. xviii., it6i, p. 65, there occurs an interesting 
Note of a Deed relating to this locality, which I reproduce from Calicrley Rcs;isUrs, ii, 199 : — 
Deed dated at Wadlands, loth August, nth Hen. VI. [ad. 1433] whereby Margaret BoUying 
granted to Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, John Leventhorpe, sen., John Leventhorpe, jun , John 
King, vicar of Halifax. Christopher Spencer, esq., Robert Inskipe, vicir of Calverley, Richard 
Willesthorpe, and John Rissheworth, all her estate in lands and tenements, rents and services in 
Calverley, Parsley, Pudsey, Wadlands, and EccleshiUe. which .she lately had of the feoffment of 
Thomas Thornour her father ; to hold to them and their heirs for ever of the chief lords of the fee by 
the services therefore due and of right accustomed; upon cond tion that the Duke, *c., or one of 
them, should re-infeoff her and her heirs, or perform the will of her or her heirs in any other manner 
when they had notice thereof ; with a power ot re-entry to her and her heirs in case the said Duke, 
&c. shou d refuse so to do. Witnessed by " Walter Calvei ley armigero, Johana . .... 

Henrieo (erased) Robert Bollyng, Willelmo Rothley, et alliis (Willelmo de 

Leventhorpe .... Johnanna de Hill de Wulstone, interlined.") Appended to the 
original deed is a small circular Seal of red wa.x, with a device M rudely executed. Wadlands is a 
farm aljout two miles from Pudsey. and in the pari.sh of Calverley. 



PUDSEY CHARTERS. 37 

By an indenture, John Merkynfekle, William Scargylle, Thomas Tonge, clerk, 
William Gellys and Henry Rastryke devise to Walter Calverley the manors of 
Calverley, Burley in Querledaylle, Altoftes, Haliwelle, and Pudesey to be held 
throughout the whole of his life, at a rent of a red rose annually. Dat. 20 June, 5 
Hen. Vj. [1427.] — Adit Char., No. 16,913. Wilk a fragment of a Seal. 

By a charter Walter Calverley grants to Thomas, lord of Clifforde, and of 
Westmerland, John Tempest, knight, William Scargill, Gilbert del Leghe, Will. 
Bradford, and Will. Brerehalghe, the manors of Calverley, Pudsey, Burley and Holy- 
welle. Witnesses :— Robert Watertone, esquire, and others. Dated 20 Aug. 22 Hen. 
Vj. [14^^.]— AM. Chir., 16,935. With a Seal. 

In 1452, Thomas Rothley, of Pudsey, gave to Walter Calverley a rental in 
Pudsey, on the 20 March, 30 Hen. VI. [No. 16,945.] With a Seal. 

By an indenture William and John Symson at the request of Thomas Rotheley 
quit claimed to John Raistricke certain lands in Pudsey. The witnesses being :— James 
Danby, Will. Calverley, and others. Dat. 14 April, 15 Edw. IV, [1475.] — ^'^'''• 
Char., 16,960. With two Scah. 

One of the same family as those first named in the above 
indenture, appears in the Presentation Book, at York, as 
follows : — 

George Symson de Pudsey accoliti — 1479. 

And representatives of the Symson family continued in 
Pudsey until a few years ago, when the last one, a bachelor, 
named John Sympson died. The Raistricks are still represented 
in the town by numerous descendants. 

In the " Calendar of Charter and Rolls in the Bodleian 
Librar}^ Oxford," I find 

John Symson of Pudsey, son and heir of William Symson grants and quit- 
claims to Robert Symson his brother all his messuages, lands, and tenements 
within the parish of Calverley. Dated at Pudsey 22 Oct. 4 Hen. VIII. [15 13.] 
With a Seal. — Charter 134. 

Among the Hemingway MS S. is a grant dated 1 7 Ed. IV. [1477.] fiom 
Isabella, w. of Robert Botiller, to William Brigge, of York, of three acres in the 
township of Podesay. Witnesses :— William Warde, clerk, Hen. Albyne, and John 
Tanfeld. Given at Podesay, 2 August. 

By a charter William Calverley gave to Thomas Tempest, a kniglit, John 
Sotehille, Gilbert Leghe and others, the manor of Calverley with its appurtenances in 
Calverley, Pudsey, Holywelle, Wodehalle, Altofts, Burley, Stede etc., certain places 
being excepted. Witnesses : — James Danby, knight, Thos. Meryng, and others. 
Dated 11 March, 2 Ric. III. [1485.] No. 16,966. 

By an indenture Richard Calverley, Richard Keghley, and Ralph Smithe 
devise to Robert Ley and Agnes Meryng, daughter of 1 homas Meryng, messuages 
and lands in Pudsey, to be held in fee tail. Witnesses : — Percy Thorntone, Thomas 
Wilsone, and others. Dated 20 Nov. 5 Hen. Vij. [14,89.]+ No. 16,970. With izvo 
Seals. 

Richard Calverley, Thomas Merynge, Ralph Smythe and John Alchate, at the 
request of John Rastrike confirm by a writing, the right of William Calverley to 
certain lands in Pudsey. Dated 10 Jan. 6 Hen. Vij. [i4gi.]—Acld. Char., 16,971. 

t Among the Ht-ming-may MSS is a feofTment dated 20 Nov., 5 Hen. VII. [14891 by which 
Richard Calverley, Richard Keghley, Ralph Smyth, and [blank], grant to Robert Ley and Agne.s 
Meryng, daughter of Ihomas Meryng, and their heirs, two messuages, in Podesay. Remainder to 
John Ley. Witness : — Percival Thot[7^/<w], Thomas WiUon, John Symson, and others. Richard 
Kighley (of Newall) "living about 1445." married a daughter of Walter Scot, nlias Calverley; 
Richard Calverley. his nephew, was son of William Scot, alias Cilvetley, of Calverley, and was 
admitted to the Guild of Corpus Christi, York, in 1520, Thomas Mearing, of VVheldale, had married 
Isabel, daughter of the above William Calverley. 



38 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

By a charter John Rastrike granted to Will Calverley the lands in Pudsey before 
named. Witnesses :— John Saville, knight, Ralph Beestone, and others. Dated lO 
Jan. 6 Henr. Vij. [i4gi.]—At/i/. Char., 16,972. With a Seal. 

By an indenture, William Calverley leased the lands mentioned in the afore- 
mentioned charter to the aforesaid John Rastrike for 40 years at a rent of 2od. Dated 
14th Jan. 6 Hen. Vii. —.-/(/</. Char., 16,973. ^Vuh a Seal. 

By a charter William Calverley conceded to Robert Calverley, the elder, his uncle, 
and Nicholas Calverley, the vicar of the Church of Batteley, and to Christopher 
Lyster, lands in Hoghton, called Ilollyiuelle, and in Pudsey. Dated i Aug. 12 Hen. 
Vij. [1497.] With Signature. — Add. Char., 16,974. 

Attached to last mentioned document is a deed of the same 
Wm, Calverley, directing that the same lands be re-conveyed to 
him, and his wife, Alice. — Add. Char., 16,975. With a Seal. 

William Paget and Agnes his wife, daughter and co-heir of John Ley, grant by 
a charter to William Calverley, knight, all the messuages and reversions, etc., in 
Pudsey or elsewhere, in the County of York, which were lately the property of the 
said John and they appoint him executor. Dated 24 May, 13 Hen. Vij. [1498.] — Add. 
Char., 16,976. With two Seats. 

John Rolheley, by a charter, grants to William Calverley, esquire, an enclosure 
in Pudsey, and appoints executors. Witnesses: — Richard Stephenson, vicar of the 
Church of Calverley, and others. Dated 9 Oct. 15 Hen. Vij. [1499.] — Add. Char., 
16,981. With a Sea/. 

Three days after the aforesaid date, this John Rotheley, of Rotheley is bound 
for ;i^20 in the feoffment aforesaid. With a Seal. [Add. Chars., 16,982 and 16,983.] 

In 1501, John Rotheley, of Rotheley, gives by a charter [16,990] to William 
Calverley, esquire, a messuage, etc., in Pudsey, then in the occu]:>ation of Margaret 
Gaunt, widow, and appoints executors. Dated 2 June, 16 Hen. VH. With a Seal. 

Add. Char., 16,991, is a reversion of the said messuage dated 4 July, 16 Hen. 
VH. With a Seal. 

In 1502, this John Rotheley is bound to Wm. Calverley, esquire, in lOO marks 
in respect of lands in Pudsey. Dated 20 Oct. 18 Hen. VII. — Add. Char., 16,993. 

The aforesaid John Rothelay grants to Wm. Calverley, esquire, a messuage and 
lands in Pudsey. Witnesses: — Thomas Elys, Thomas Meryng, Cristof. Calverley 
and others. Dated 8 Oct. 18 Hen. VII. With a Seal.— Add. Char., 16,994. 

A final concord is made in which John Rodley devises messuages and lands 
which are the right of William Calverley, esquire. Dated the 15th day of St. Timothy, 
49 Hen. VII. [1504.]— ^(W. Char., 16,995. 

On March 10, i Ric. III. [1483-4] Joan Rotheley, relict of Thomas Rotheley, 
late of Podesay, and Thomas Rotheley, her son, grant to John Lee, and his heirs and 
assigns, one toft in Podesey, called " Eryomgarth." Witnesses : — John Stotheley, 
Ralph Smith, Will. Symson, Thomas Wilson, Simon Lumby, John Walcar, and 
others. — Heviingivay MSS. 

In the year 1507, one Edmund Archer, of Pudsey, claimed 25s. for the re- 
conciliation of the " coemiteii " or burial ground at Ilkley.* 

From a Subsidy Roll of the 15th Henry VIII. [a.d. 1525], 
giving the particulars of a tax levied and collected (something 
analogous to the Income Tax of the present day) we learn the 
names of the principal persons in Pudsey and district, and the 
relative values of the property held by each, and liable to assess- 
ment, with the sums collected in each place. The original is pre- 
served in the Public Record Office, London ; the portion relating 
to Yorkshire is printed in the Yoi-ks.ArcJi.& Top.Joitr.voX. ii,, p. 47. 

* See Surtees Society's vol. Hii., 1869. Yorkshire Wills, vol. iv., p. 327. 



CALVERLEY FAMILY. 39 

Piiddesay — John Milner, for £t, 6s. 8d., lands, 3s. 4d. ; Robert Lumby, for 
20s., lands, I2d. ; John Dawson, for 40s. guds. I2d. ; Robert Wayde, for 10 march 
[marks], guds. 3s. 4d. ; Robert Casson, for 40s. guds. I2d. ; Robert Walker, for 40s. 
guds, 1 2d. Sum los. 8d. 

At the present day, we have persons representatives of all 
the names given as contributors to the Subsidy or Income Tax 
paid in Pudsey, 360 years ago. 

Among the Heinhis,7vay MSS. is a trust deed, dated 13 Feby. 37 Hen. VIII. 

[1545-6], by which William Calverley, of Calverley, gives to Richard Jenkinson of 
Pudsey, a tenement in Pudsey, for a quarter of a year, and then the same to Michael, 
son of the said William, for life. 

In 1559, William Calverley granted to his son Henry Calverley tenements in 
Pudsaye, Calverley and Rawdon. Dated and signed 10 Sept. i Elizabelli. — Add. 
C/iar., 17,027. 

Add. Char., 17,112, is an indenture between Sir William Calverley, of Calver- 
ley, knight, of the first part, Walter Calverley, of Staneley, son and heir of the said Sir 
William of the 2nd part, and Sir Christopher Danby, kt.. Sir T homas Danby, kt., 
Thomas Danby, Thomas Wentworth, William Va\7Sour, Robert Hyde, and Henry 
Hardware, of the 3rd part, entailing the manors of Calverley, Purley, and Pudsey. 
Dated 18 Jan. 10 Eliz. [1568.] The same extending over eight sheets and a tal)le of 
the conditions of the indenture. 

This Sir William Calverley, kt., was Sheriff of Yorkshire in 
1550. The family seems to have now attained its zenith, and 
from this time to gradually decline. William Calverley, who 
lived at the end of the i6th century, was a staunch adherent of the 
Papal Church and so had to suffer for his " Recusancy." Instead 
of buying lands they have now to sell. In the catalogue of 
Deeds relating to the family, I find many particulars of sale of 
land, etc., as 

Counterpart of sale of capital messuage and lands in Pudsey to \Vm. Jenkinson 
and others. 42 Eliz. [l6co.] Ditto to Wm. Ferrow, 42 Eliz. 

Counterpart of sale rif lands in Pudsey to James Sale, to Geo. Gaunt, to Wm. 
Moss. [a.d. 1600.] 

A Bond from Wm. Farrow, of Pudsey, to save harmless from a Bond 
entered p. Walter Calverley to Agnes Gargrave, 42 Eliz. [i6co.] 

Then followed the greatest trial of all, the heavy fine in- 
flicted upon Henry Calverley for his sympathy and support 
given to the Royalists, during the civil wars, for which he was 
fined ^1,455. To raise this sum he had to sell several parts of 
the family estates, after ha\'ing tried every possible way to raise 
the money and failed. " Seacroft had to go, and Pudsey too," 
though not without a struggle. Richard Waugh, the vicar of 
Calverley, writing to Mr. Henry Calverley said : — 

" Here are great braggs concerning a new lord of Pudsey,* but made in cupps ; 
I hope you will not pull that flower out of your garland, having means and wayes to 

raise ;i^i200 by woods and , or fines in letting your land, or if you resolved to 

part with it, yet not for ^{^1200, you may have ;^6oo more for it. I heard Lumby 
say he durst undertake it."+ 

* This was Mr. Tempest IMilner (son of Mr. Samuel Milner, of Pudsey), who was a Citizen 
Merchant Taylor, and Alderman of London, 
t Margerison's Cnh'C7'ley Parish Registers, vol. ii., p. 3. 



40 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

However, the manorial estate of Pudsey was sold to Mr. Mil- 
ner, but for some reason or other it was bought back again shortly 
a'"terwards. Poor Henry Calverley died* having struggled 
through and paid his fine or composition, but he left to his heir such 
a large debt that he had to sell part of his lands, together with 
the manorial estate of Pudsey, as we find from their papers, thus : — 

Sale of certain of lands in Pudsey to Mr. Milner, 1631;. Also other lands in 
Pudsey were sold to William Lepton, Samuel Lumby, and John Smith. 

Counterpart of deed of sale of Mannor of Pudsey to Mr. Milner, conditionally, 
in 1656, and counterpart of lease or bargain and sale thereto belonging. 

Defeazance from Mr. Milner to Walter Calverley, Esq., concerning the tofts 
at Pudsey, 1657. 

Counterpart of .sale of Manor of Pudsey to Mr. Milner, 15 Carl. 2. 

Covenant from Mr, Milner not to take in Pudsey Common without consent of 
W. Calverley, 15 Carl. 2. 

Thoresby says, in the Diicatus Leodieiisis, that 

Robert Milner, of Pudsey, who was the brother of Tempest Milner before 
mentioned, purchased the Manor of Pudsey and estates there from W^alter Calverley, 
in 1663, and so one of the manors of Pudsey passed out of the family in which it had 
been held for several centuries. 

The arms of the family of the Milners, Lords of the Manor of Pudsey, are sable, 
three bridle-bits or, as entered in the Visitation, Annu 1634. This family seems to 
have been originally of this place, though afterwards (at least a branch of it) of 
Halifax (by the evidence of the Wakefield Court Rolls this would seem to be the 
reverse of the facts, as they appear to be originally of Halifax and afterwards of 
Pudseyt), as appears by an ancient deed, before the dates were inserted, from Ricardus 
filius Thomre Molendinarii de Pugesey (Test. Joh. Scoto, Jord. de Wudehall, Joh. 
de Bradeford, Sim. Paitevin, Rob. de Birle), yet remaining amongst the old writings 
of the family, from whence I have drawn the ensuing pedigree. 

Milner of Pudsey. 

Thomas Mylner of Pugesey = 



Richard Mylner. 
Obiit ante 4 H. 5. John Mylner = m. Cicily, superstes 4 H. 5. 
of Halifax. 



I 
Robert Mylner, 4 H. 5 =p 



37 H. 6. 22 E. 4. Richard Mylner, of Halifax == 



21 II. 7. Robert Mylner= m. Margaret sup. 5 H. 8. 



35 H. 8. John Mylner, of Pudsey = m Annie Wharton, of Harwood, 1541, whose son 

(aged about 63 in 1584) 

36 H. 8. John Mylner, of Pudsey, gent. = mar. Anne, d. of Mr. Robert Waterhouse. 

* He was buried at Calverley Church, Jan. 2, 1651-2. For a long account of him, with portraits, 
etc., see a paper by Mr. S. Margerison, in Bradfotd Antiquary, part ii. 
t The early part of this pedigree of Milner is very unsatisfactory. 



MILNER FAMILY. 



41 



They had a son they called Robert Milner, of Pudsey, gent., mar. cov. 29 Nov., 
1573 = mar. Mary d. and c of Mr. Thos. Draper, of Hallifax Vicaridge. 

They had issue, Samuel JNIilner, obt. 18 Car., i Ing., post-moilem = m. Grace, 
d. of E. Oldfield , of Wadlands, in Calverley. T hey had two sons and several 
daughters, Robert and Tempest. Tempest Milner was a citizen and merchant tailor, 
and alderman of London. He purchased the Manor of Pudsey and estates there 
from Henry Calverley and Joyce his wife, in 1649, and reconveyed them to Henry 
Calverley in 1650. He had a son John, who was consul at Lisbon. 

Robert Milner purchased the Manor of Pudsey and estates there from 
Walter Calverley in 1663. He mar. Ann d. of Mr. Robert Ferrand, of Harden. 
Their son, John Milner, of Pudsey, obt. 19 Feb., 1710-11. By his will dated 
1 70S, he devised his Pudsey estates to his eldest son John. He married Frances, 
d. of Matth. Hall. Their eldest son John Milner, M.D., died Felx 1724, intesL, 
leaving his brother Charles his heir-at-law, s.p. Charles Milner, of Preston Hall, 
near Maidstone, Kent, who upon the death of his brother John succeeded to the 
estates, and devised them to his great nephew Charles Cottom, in tail, obt. s.p. 
His said great nephew, on succeeding to the same, assumed the name of Milner, 
and is now (181 5) living at Preston Hall. John and Charles Milner had five 
sisters ; one named Ann, married Mr. Michael Cottom.* 

The old Manor House, which is chiefly of 17th century 
work, is situated at the top of Lowtown. The Old Hall, as it is 
popularly designated, is an extensive building, and was at one 
time the residence of the Milner family, and bears on a prominent 
part the initial M. The present owner is Mr. George Hinings. 

There is " an assessment for y« surveyor, 1584, West Riding 
CO. Ebor," from which I extract the following : — 

Pudsey iiijs, 

Calverley ijs. iiijd. 

Farseley xxd. 

Bramley - - - iiijs. 

Bradforth xs. 

Horton - xxd. 

Idyll ijs. iiijd. 



Haworth xvjd. 

Mannyngham xxd. 

BoUinge xvjd. 

Tonge xvjd. 

Drighlington ijs. vjd. 

Hallyefaxe xxvjs. viijd. 

Morley vs. 



From this table we are able to form a fairly good idea of 
the relative proportion of the rateable value and population of 
each to one another, 300 years ago. 

At Leeds Sessions the (3th day of April, in the 44th of 
Queen Elizabeth [a.d. 1602], before Sir John Saville, Thomas 
Fairfax, and other j'ustices, it was agreed 

That the justices should meet at Wakefield upon Wednesday in Whitsuntide 
week, then next, touching soldiers' pensions, assessments, and other matters ; and 
then agree upon a particular estreat and perfect assessment of the toivns within 
the Wapentakes, to be and remain a precedent to direct other justices to make 
equal assessments for these parts when occasion should require. 

It may, therefore, be supposed that the greatest care would 
be taken in making the assessment ; that being the case, it will 
give the most correct view, in the absence of actual computation, 
which can now be obtained of the relative size, population, and 
wealth of the towns and villages comprised in such assessment. 

* Thoresbv's Dnratus Leoaiensi's, p. 176. Compare with a note to Canon Raine's paper 
on Mnrske, in Yorks. Arch. Jour, vi., 198 ; Foster's Pedigrees 0/ County FaiitilifS, W. R. Voiks.; 
and Margerison's Registers of the Parish of Calvtrley. 



THE SUBSIDY ROLLS. 



43 



Here is a copy of such part of the assessment as relates to 
places in this neighbourhood : — 



Bingley 

Bradford 

Bolton 

Boiling 

Calverley and Parsley - 
Dewsbury - . - - 
Eccleshill - - . - 
Heaton-cum-Clayton - 



9d. 

20d. 

I Id. 

I2kl. 

7|d. 
1 1 Ad 



Haworth lad. 



Halifax 
Horton - - - 
Idle - - - - 
Leeds - 
Manningham - 
Pudsey - 
Shipley - 



I9id. 

7d. 

I Id. 

39d.* 

9d. 

9id. 

5'1. 



In the Public Record Office, London, there is a large 
number of Subsidy Rolls, relating to Yorkshire. They arc the 
accounts of the taxes collected in the different reigns for various 
purposes. Some of them give the name of each contributor, 
with the amount paid, or, sometimes, which should have been 
paid ; while others only give the name of each place, and the 
total amount paid. These rolls are interesting and instructive ; 
showing as they do the number and status of the principal 
inhabitants, nay, sometimes even all the householders in the 
village or town, as does the one, 2 Ric. II. [A.D., I379.]t They 
also show us how some families continue to be represented, in 
certain localities, from generation to generation ; while others, 
sometimes wealthy, become extinct. These rolls arc also 
valuable as sometimes showing the origin and meaning of 
personal names. In 1607, the following persons paid the sub- 
sidy collected in the 5th of James I. : — 



PUDSEV. 

Ricus. Thornten, in ter 3I. 

Samuel Milner, /« Z^;' xls. 

Wilms. Jenkinson, inter xxs. 

Themes Smyth, ?// ter xxs. 

Ricus Hunter, in ter xxs. 

Thomes Allanbrig, in ter xxs. 

Willms Gaunt, z« /i?r xxs. 

Petrus Wilson, in ter xxs. 

Sm. vill. 



vijis. 
vs. iiijd. 
ijs. viijd. 
ijs. viijd. 
ijs. viijd. 
ijs. viijd. 
ijs. viijd. 
ijs. viijd. 
xxixs. iiijd. 



These are the names of the principal families, or rather the 
better class or owners of property, amongst the inhabitants. 




See James's History of Bradford, pp. 11T-112 ; Yorkshire Arch, and Top. Journal, vol. i, p. 163. 

t Printed on p. 28. 




ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. 



^11 Bamts' (!ri)ajicl. — The origin of the old Chapel-of-Ease 
of All Saints', which is now demolished, is lost in obscurity. 
After diligent search, I have not yet been able to make out 
when, or by whom it was founded. Singularly enough, we have 
records of landowners and residents, who attended for worship and 
spiritual instruction in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, at the 
noble Abbey of Kirkstall, who contributed liberally towards its 
support and magnificence, and one of whom was honoured by 
burial within its sacred walls ; and also, of several benefactors 
about the same period who contributed liberally to " God and to 
the poore of y^ Hospital of St. Peter of York."* Yet as to when, 
or by whom, the Pudsey Chapel of Ease was founded, we know 
nothing, and even of the building lately razed to the ground 
we can learn but very little. Tradition sa}'s that it was partly, 
if not entirely, re-built during the latter part of the last century, 
and that the clock-tower and belfry were then erected. The for- 
mation of the front windows and the freshness of the stone 
clearly demonstrated that such must have been the case. The 
stonework of the window sills and jambs, at both east and west 
ends, as well as the back part of the building, were, without a 
doubt, part of the older structure. It is said that the previous 
structure had a low roof on one side, and that it had no gallery. 
I have also been informed that the chapel was re-erected or 
altered when Jeremy Crowther was the chapel warden ; if so, then 
it was in the year 1793. 

* Harl. MSS. No. 797, Brit. Mus. 



ALL saints' chapel. 



45 



Lawton, in his " Collections relative to the Churches and 
Chapels in the dioceses of York and Ripon," gives the vague state- 
ment that the Pudsey Chapel was founded before the Reforma- 
tion ; and so it appears to have been, because in the twenty- 
sixth year of the reign of Henry VIII., or 1535, an Act was 
passed conferring on the Crown the first fruits of all benefices, 
and also one yearly rent or pension amounting to the value of 
the tenth part of the profits of every benefice. Under this Act 
commissioners were appointed, who collected what are now very 
valuable returns relating to the ecclesiastical affan's of the period. 
In these returns, called Valor Ecdesiasticus, or Liber Regis, now 
kept in the Exchequer, London, the value of the living of Pud- 




All Saints' Chapel. 

sey Chapel is put at £10 15s. Here, then, we have the first date 
yet met with, 1535 ; but of those who were the founders, or who 
conducted worship here, we have no information, neither have 
we any particulars as to whether it was ever consecrated or not. 
Reference has already been made to a "John de Pudesheye, 
clerico," as one of the witnesses in several original charters of the 
time of Edward I. which are now in the British Museum. Here 
is an epitome of one translated from the Latin : — 

Charter by which Robert, son of John the Coupere de Pudesheye, sold to John 
Scott de Calverley the land in the essart called Olderoyde in Pudesheye. Wit- 
nesses: — Hugh de Wodehall, John de Culecotes, John de Pudesheye, clerico. \Tciiip. 
Edw. L?] 



46 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Whether this John was a clerk or priest, or merely possessed 
the right of clergy, I cannot say, but there is no mention of any 
chapel in any of them. 

The next date referring to the chapel is 1577. In that year 
a large quarto volume, in black letter, was published, HoLLiNGS- 
HEAD's Chronicles, to which is prefixed Harrison's Description 
of Britaine ,and at page seventy of that volume, in an account of 
the river Aire and its tributaries, mention is made of the beck 
which joins the Aire at Leeds. It says : — " The beck hath two 
arms, of which one cometh from Pudscy Chapell, the other from 
Adwalton." 

The registers at the Parish Church at Calverley com- 
mence in the year 1574, and through the kindness of the vicar, 
the Rev. J. W. Hatton, M.A., I have been allowed to examine 
these records, and to make as many extracts for historical pur- 
poses as I thought proper.* But from these registers I have not 
been able to find any record of the origin of the chapel, or of 
who was the first minister. In the year 1606 I find the names 
of John Crosley and Thomas Whitley as the chapelwardens of 
Pudsey. In 1607 no names are recorded ; in 1608, William 
Gaunte and James Saile ; in 1609, William ffarrowe and either 
Edvv. Iloldsworth or William Dawson, it is not clear which ; in 
16 10, William Lepton, but the name of his associate does not 
appear. I carefully searched the registers in the hope that I 
should find some information respecting the early curates, but 
unfortunately these parish records are silent on the subject. 
However, soon after the above-mentioned dates, we met with 
first name recorded of a minister at this chapel, the possessor of 
which played no unimportant part in the local history of the 
middle of the seventeenth century. This was Elkanah Wales, 
M.A., who was a native of the parish, and a resident and faith- 
ful pastor at Pudsey for about half a century. The record of his 
baptism is in the Calverley register, as follows : — 

1588. Dec. Elanane Wales, the son of John Wales, of Idle, ye fifteenth ilaye. 
Having obtained such instruction as the schools of the 
vicinity could supply, he entered Trinity College, Cambridge, in 
1605, and diligently pursuing his studies he obtained his degree 
of B.A. in 1608, and his M.A. in 1609. Having terminated his 
studies at the University, he was for a short time a curate at 
Calverley Church, and then accepted the poor curacy of Pudsey 
Chapel, sometime in the early part of the seventeenth century. 
Here he laboured mightily, not only in preaching, but in living 

"'■' These Registers for the period 1574 to 1720 have since been printed. 



ALL SAINTS CHAPEL. 



4; 



the gospel also. He was an excellent preacher, of a profound 
judgment, and large numbers flocked to hear him from the 
country round about, so that his fame spread far and wide. 
JOSErH Lister, of Bradford, gives in his " Autobiography " an 
interesting sketch of a fast service which he attended at Pudsey 
Chapel in 1641, when the people were all afraid of being 
slaughtered by the Irish rebels, as thousands had been in Ire- 
land. In 1638-9 he was earnestly solicited to take a charge in 
New England, America. In 1643, he was invited by the cele- 
brated Isaac Ambrose, in the name of Colonel Rigby, to Rufford, 
in Lancashire, and was promised a good stipend. In 1644 he 




The Old Parsonage in which Elkanah Wales lived. 

received a call to Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and again in the fol- 
lowing year, 1645, " The Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffe, and Com- 
mon Council " of that town sent a pressing invitation to him to 
settle amongst them. In 1646 be was earnestly solicited to be 
"a helper in the ministry" at St. John's Church, Leeds, and in 
a few months afterwards, in the same year, he was strongly in- 
vited to Carlisle by the Mayor, Aldermen, etc., to become the 
minister at St. Mary's Church, in that city. Lord Thomas 
Fairfax had a great esteem for him, and offered him several 
places of considerable profit. Thus we see that he had many 
tempting offers to entice him away from his people at Pudsey, 



48 



HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



and though the Hving was a very poor one he was not to be 
enticed away from his charge. He continued his faithful labours 
at Pudsey until the "Black Bartholomew Act" separated him 
from his beloved little chapel and people ; but though Mr. Wales 
was thus prevented by the Act of Uniformity of 1662, from 
preaching in the chapel in which he had so faithfully laboured 
for near half a century, he yet resided amongst his beloved 
people, as was a general custom amongst the ejected ministers. 
They preached privately, and visited from house to house, and 
were thus enabled to live amongst their friends. The Govern- 
ment being thus foiled in its attempt to crush out Puritanism and 




All SaiiUs' Chapel. 

Nonconformity passed other and more severe Acts, as the Con- 
venticle Act and the Five Mile Act. After Mr. Wales had been 
a true pastor for about half a century, between three and four 
years after his ejectment from the chapel, an ill neighbour took 
advantage of that diabolical though refined piece of cruelty, the 
Five Mile Act, and forced him to leave his home. TllORESBY, 
the celebrated antiquary and historian of Leeds, who wrote a 
memoir of Mr. Wales, which is now amongst the Birch MSS. 
in the British Museum, says : — 

This reverend and holy man of God, whom all good men reverenced, had yet 
one bad neighbour, so inhumanly barbarous y' taking y*^ advantage of the 5 mile 
Act he would not suffer him to stay at his own house, y* the poor old man was 



ELKANAH WALES, M.A. 49 

constrained to travail for a season, but being aged and unfit for y' course of life he 
resolved to take up his constant abode at Leeds, w he had many true friends who 
were glad of his most acceptable company ... A nd amongst others I glory 
in the cordial love that united him and my predecessors ; he preached my grand- 
father's funeral sermon, and in my dearest father's diary I find frequent mention of 
him, particularly 18 INIarch, 1666-7 ; he says, •' I was where I might have got some 
good, but ere the opportunity was done was suddenly desired to ride to take care of 
Mr. Wales's goods at Pudsey, w"^'^ his neighbour had uncivilly thrown into the street 
after he had unchristianly taken possession of his house." 

The affection of Mr. Wales for the httle chapel on the hill 
and its people was most intense, and when silenced by the hand 
of authority and driven from his home, he is said to have 
repeated with unutterable pathos the lament of Christ over 
Jerusalem, omitting the latter clause. 

Oliver Heywood, the noted West Riding Nonconformist 
minister, makes mention of Mr. Wales frequently in his diary. 
In August, 1666, he writes : — 




A'VVH. 



t 



■j^k^SJ- 









Facsimile of Hand-writing, by Elk. Wales. 

Aug. 23. — Travelled to Bramley where I preacht to a large auditory ; the next 
day I travelled a little way with good Mr. Wales, who is also banished from home and 
is now gone into the north with his wife. 

Aug. II, '68. — The Saturday after my wife and I went to Pudsey (my family 
being gone into Lane. ) according to my promise, but we were informed that one 
Fallens, a baylifte of Morley had been with Cornet Smith and they had consulted, it 
was suspected they would come to disturbe us and apprehend me, and I made full 
accent of it, but God held off so that we enjoyed a very sweet quiet Sabbath, being 
Aug 9, 1668, old Mr. Wales was providentially there (tho' sent for that day to his wife 
a-dying) and a multitude of people out of all parts, the gentleman of the place Mr. 
Milner, invited me to preach entertained me, and I returned safely home upon Mun- 
day, blessed be my God. 

After Mr. Wales's death in 1669, Heywood has the follow- 
ing reference thereto : — 

Having an invitation to preach at Pudsey on lord's Day Jun 13 69 I designed a 
word of exhortation to the people upon occasion of their dreadful stroke. I com- 
municated my thoughts to two friends who divulge it abroad that I was to preach Mr. 
Wales's funeral sermon, wch was not wel resented by some of his relations, wch when 
I came thither and saw it diverted my thoughts to another suliject, tho to my hind- 
rance and disappointment. 

E 



50 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

The lady referred to in the first extract given above, was 
the second wife of Mr. Wales, and was of a distinguished family, 
the Claverings of Callilcy. In a work by her son-in-law, 
Ambrose Barnes, of Newcastle, published by the SURTEES 
Society in 1868, there are several interesting references to Mr. 
Wales and his wife. They were married at St. John's Church, 
Newcastle, Sep. 3rd, 1661, and she died at Newcastle in 1668. 
The first wife of Mr. Wales died at Pudsey, and her tombstone 
bears the following simple inscription: " A.W., 1660, May 16." 
In the Will of Mr. Wales, he says, 

I commit my bodie to the Earth, whence it was taken, to be buryed decently in 
the Chappell of Pudsey, neare unto the bodie of Anne, my former wife, if it can con- 
veniently be. 

After Mr. Wales was ejected from Pudsey Chapel, he 
settled at Leeds, and for preaching at Bramley he was taken 
before the justices in Leeds. He died at Leeds, May i ith, 1669, 
aged 80, and in his Will, made only fourteen days before his 
death, he says, 

I give unto the poore of Pudsey ^3, to be distributed by Mr. Sale and John 
Downes, or Joshua Lumby, to the poore of Idle ^3. to be distributed by Jeremie 
Weltit and vSamuel Stable, and to tlie poore of Calverley fourtie shillings, to be 
distributed by Mr. Sandall and Joseph liitchin.* 

In disposing of the books in his library amongst his friends, 
he refers to the books that he " lost in the time of the warres." 

In concluding my remarks on Mr. Wales, I must not omit 
mention of his literary labours. He published 

A Short Catechism ; or, Ye Sum of the Christian /\cligion in 34 Qiitstioiis ami 
Answers, etc., by Elk. Wales, London, 1662. 

A IVrit oj Error ; or, a friendly examination- of a question deeply concerning 
inarryed persons, or siicli as intend to marry, by E AV., York, 1654. 

Mount Kbal levelled ; or, Redemption Jrom tJie Curse, by Elk. \Yales, M.A.. 
London, 1659. Dedicated to the Right lion. Thomas Lord Fairfax. 

A second edition of this last-named work was published 
in 1823, to which was added a short life of the author, by Matthew 
Hutchinson, of London, a native of Pudsey. 

Mr. Hutchinson says in his short memoir of Mr. Wales, 
that 

He bequeathed to the Chapel at Pudsey two excellent fields of near ten acres, 
viz., those through which the footpath runs between the old chapel and Littlemoor, 
and he adds, rumour says that he left the house formerly occupied by Mr. Jenkins, the 
curate, in the Old Chapel Fold, which Mr. Jenkins said was a fact. 

One of the rooms in the old parsonage just named, formerly 
bore the date ''1647" on the ceiling, but in repairing the building in 
1873 the old ceiling was destroyed. 

"John Downes, of Pudsey, was buried 011 the iiih January, 1670 {Catvcriey Church Regisiei), 
and a Joshua Lumby was chapel-warden in 1663 and 1675. 



REV, JAMES SALE. 5 1 

In lately looking over a manuscript in the Lansdowne 
collection of MSS., British Museum, No. 459, which is a register 
of church livings in the County of York, etc., with an account of 
their actual income, and the patrons, and the characters of many 
of the incumbents, supposed to have been made about 1654, for 
the use of the Cromwellian commissioners for ejecting " scan- 
dalous and ineffectual ministers," I found the following entry : — 

Fudsey chap : to Calverley. 2 miles distant. Chapellry. Living — Benevolence 
of the people only ;,fio:oo:00 after Mr. ^Yaugh's decease. Incumbent. Mr. Elkana 
Walles, a grave and frequent pieacher. 

In the Parliavientary Survey^ made during the Common- 
wealth, vol. xviii., p. 313, Pudsey Chapelry is recommended to be 
made a parish, but this recommendation w^as not carried 
out until the year 1878. 

In the seventeenth century another eminent name was 
connected with Pudsey Chapel ; it was the Rev. James Sale, who 
was a native of Pudsey, and one of the noble 2,000 ejected 
ministers who bravely sacrificed their livings for conscience' 
sake. The record of his baptism in the Calverley register is as 
follows : — 

1619, Oct, James ye son of James Sale ye xxiiii day. 

He was a companion and great comfort to old Mr. Wales, 
with whom he served as a son in the gospel. He was educated 
at Cambridge University, and when he had finished his university 
career he spent some time at Lincoln with the Rev. Edward 
Reyner, M.A., who was an eminent divine, and a native of 
Morley, and who, during his youth, had frequently attended the 
ministry of Mr. Wales, at Pudsey, as he mentions in his diary. 
Mr. Sale was for some time minister at Thornton Chapel, and 
afterwards was assistant to the Rev. R. Todd, at St. John's 
Church, Leeds, where he was ejected by the Act of Uniformity, 
1662. He then resided in his own house at Pudsey, and preached 
there constantly, as well as in the neighbourhood, until he died 
in 1679. He was buried at Calverley Church, April 21st, 1679, 
and part of his tombstone may still be seen in one of the aisles 
of the church. '* He was a learned and good man, of fine parts, 
and an excellent preacher." Several of his children, himself, and 
his widow, are all buried at Calverley Church. Mrs. Sale was 
one of the family of the Richardsons, of North Bierley. As 
to who were the successors of Mr, Wales at the Chapel after his 
ejectment in 1662 I cannot give any information. The registers 
at Calverley give no clue. In 1685 there is the entry appended 



52 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

to several of the baptismal entries, " Baptised by the minister of 
Pudsey," but no minister's name is given. From 1640 to 1663 
there are no entries of either churchwardens or chapelvvardens, 
but commencing with " Mr. John Smith and Joshua Lumby," 
chapel wardens for Pudsey in 1663, the list is given almost 
regularly until 1695. 

In a note book or diary of Sir Walter Calverley, 1663 to 
1722, * now amongst the Add. MSS. in the Brit. Mus., I find this 
note : — 

27 Oct. 1698 I met Mrs. Milner and the ffreeholders of Pudsey about setting out 
some Common for the better maintenance of a Minister at Pudsey, and it was agreed 
to inclose abt. 20 acres on the soutliside of Owlcotes-hill, abt. 8 acres above the 
Delves, and 5 acres on the Windmill-hill. 

In a catalogue of deeds belonging to the Calverley family, I 
found the following items relating to the Pudsey Chapel : — 

Memorandum about the Trustees' Deeds for Pudsey Chapel — Deed my son anil 
I signed relating to ye Tythes of ye Chapell Lands at Pudsey, dated 7 & 8 Sep. 1738. 

In an account of Queen Anne's Bounty, published in 1719, 
the value of the living of Pudsey Curacy is given at ;^20 5s., 
which was augmented by a grant of ^200 to meet benefactions 
from Mr. Kent, Mr. R. Hey, and others, of ^200, with which 
;^400 lands were purchased in Bramley and Pudsey in 1736 for 
augmentation of the living. 

In 1728, the Rev. Wm. Brown, B.A., was nominated 
minister for Pudsey Chapel by the feoffees, with the approbation 
of the Vicar of Calverley, but the subsequent nominations 
were made by the vicar alone, viz., in 1737, 1762, 1767, 1814, 
and 1854. 

In the Register of Presentations at York is the following 
entry : — 

1728, 15 July, A License to preach in Pudsey and Tong Chapels conceded to 
Wm. Brown, A B., Clerk. 

Mr. Brown died in 1737, and was buried at Pudsey, as 
appears from the entry in the Parish Register : — 

1737 May 4, The Reverd. Willm. Brown, Minister of Pudsey, [buried] There. 

His successor was the Rev. Benjamin Bailey, A.B., who was 
nominated by the Rev. Christ. Holt, Vicar of Calverley, June 
13th, 1737. He died at Pudsey, and his tombstone bears the 
following inscription : — 

Here was interred the Body of the Revd. Benjamin Bailey, Clerk, who died 
August ye 5th in the 53rd year of his age, Anno. Dom. 1762, and in the 26th year of 
his Ministry at this Chapel. 

* Lately printed liy the Surtees Society. 



ALL saints' chapel. 53 

In 1762, a Caveat was entered at the office of the Diocesan 
Registrar at York, by Samuel Farrer, John Lobley, WiHiam 
Moss, inhabitants and Trustees of Pudsey Chapel, to nominate 
on the death of Benjamin Bailey. This was afterwards with- 
drawn, and the Rev. Seth Pollard, clerk, M.A., was nominated 
curate of Pudsey, and was licensed Nov. 15th, 1762. During the 
ministry of Mr. Bailey, permission was granted by the vicar, 
Nov. 24th, 1754, that " the Holy Sacrament of the Lord's Supper 
be administered in the Chapel of Pudsey," on the conditions that 
it " be not administered there on same day when it is 
administered at the mother church ; and that the curate, church- 
wardens, etc., do repair to the said church upon all sacramental 
days as usual." 

The Rev. Seth Pollard remained only five years, and was 
succeeded, in i J^T, by the Rev. William Howarth, who had been 
curate at Calverley from 1763 to 1767. An organ was built and 
erected in 1792 or 1793 in the Pudsey Chapel, by Donaldson, of 
York, which, on the discontinuance of services in the Old 
Chapel, was removed to Tong Church. 

The Rev. Wm. Howarth was the curate for forty-seven 
years. He died in June, 18 14, aged seventy-nine, and was 
buried in the interior of the chapel in which he had laboured 
for nearly half a century. Since the chapel was demolished, his 
tombstone has been found in one of the aisles. 

His successor was the Rev. David Jenkins, who was curate 
or incumbent from 18 14 to 1854. During his ministry the large 
and imposing edifice of St. Lawrence's Church was erected in the 
years 1821 to 1824, when the congregation removed to the new 
edifice, and the old chapel was suffered to fall into decay, so 
that its removal became generally desirable, hence its demolition 
by the Local Board. 

I now propose to give a few notes on the people who were 
the worshippers connected therewith, principally drawn from the 
baptismal and burial registers, and the records of the tombstones 
in the burial ground. The records of the baptisms, marriages, 
and burials relating to this chapel are at the Parish Church at 
Calverley, and " the register booke of Christeninges " commences 
on " the XXth of Maye, in the yeare of our Lord God 1574." * 
The first entry from Pudsey is as follows : — 

William Hunter of Pudsey had a child baptised the XXXth daye of Julie 1574 
named Sussanna. 

Then follow entries of " christeninges " of children from 

Pudsey belonging to Richard Farrowe, John Crosley, Robert 

* It has been lately printed. 



54 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Grave, Mr. William Thornton, of Tyresall ; Robert Waterworth, 
and Peter Wilson. The following entry tells its own tale : — 

Robert Cawdrey had a basse begotten child w'l' Anne Armilage was baptized 
ye 4th daye of April 1574 [1575] named John. 

In the years following up to 1585, there are entries of 
baptisms from Pudsey in the names of Ddwson, Allanbridge, 
West, Smith, Lepton, Gibson, Waterhouse, Wain man, Gaunt, 
Milner, Lee, Siddall, Lake, Gilhouse, Gill, Rawden, Goodall, 
Thompson, Watson, Sutcliffe, Saile, Whitley, Sharpc, Walker, 
Graistwicke, Mitchell, Dunkin, Ogden, Dobson. In the seven- 
teenth century there are the names of many families whose 
descendants are living in Pudsey at the present time, as Lumby, 
Hutton, Proctor, Riley, Hutchinson, Moss, etc., besides others 
which have died out, or removed to other localities, as 
the Pleys, Jenkinsons, Milners, Purdys, Kents, Stouts, Leighs, 
Thorntons, etc. In the register there is nothing to indicate 
which were baptized at Pudsey (except in 1685) until 1702, when 
the word " there " is added to the entries, showing that there 
were twenty-one baptized at the Pudsey Chapel in that year. 
In 1685, there is the remark, " baptized at Pudsey, y'^ ministram 
ibiit " ; and in 1686 there is also "babt. by the minister of 
Pudsey." 

From the year 1717 until 1753, lists of " births " (persons 
who were not baptized at the Established Church) are inserted 
in the register along with the baptisms. These lists give the 
names of Nonconformist families generally. In the first list 
(17 1 7) are six names from Pudsey, in 1721 there are thirteen, 
in 1722 seven, and in 1723 eleven. In the baptisms I find in 
the year 

1702 March 9 [O.S.] Richard son of John I ley of Pudsey. 

Amongst the baptisms in 1744 is the following entry : — 

June 5th, Elizabeth, daughter of \Ym. Holland, born at Falncck. 

And amongst the births in Pudsey are the following : — 

1746, May 24. Elizabeth, daughter of GottloVj Hauptman, born at Falneck. 
Jan. 31. Anna Johanna, daughter of Jno. Ockerhausen, Born at Falneck. 

In 1744, the Moravian Settlement of Fulneck was not 
built, neither was it named Fulneck until some years afterwards, 
and yet the place was named Falneck, as it is pronounced by 
many of the inhabitants of the township even unto this day. 
When the land was purchased, in 1744, for a settlement for the 
Moravians, it was a wild, uncultivated common, and it is 
conjectured that it derived its name of Fallneck, from Fall'n ac 
or ake, signifying oak. 



ALL SAINTS' CPL^iPEL. 55 

In the Register, the year 1746 ends as usual in March, and 
for the first time the year terminated in December in 1747. In 
that year, in 1747, in the list of births, there appears the fol- 
lowing entry : — 

Nov. 30, John, son of Samuel Riley, Old Cotes, clothier. 

This was John Riley, afterwards a well-known mathematician 
in his day. He was head-master of the Charity School in Leeds, 
and was one of the originators and the first editor of a literary, 
mathematical, and philosophical miscellany called •' The Leeds 
Correspondent," until his death, which took place April 24th, 
181 5. He also compiled a " History of Leeds and the Neigh- 
bouring villages," published in 1808. 

Previous to the year 1755, the Pudsey baptisms and burials 
were inserted in the Calverley Parish Register, along with those 
from the other parts of the parish, without any distinction, but 
commencing in that year the lists are entered separately, so that we 
learn both the number and the names of the persons baptized 
or buried at Pudsey Chapel. In that year there were 32 bap- 
tisms, and in 60 years, less six months, to June, 18 14, there were 
4,477 persons baptized in the chapel at Pudsey. The years in 
which the largest number of baptisms took place were 1784, 
when there were 104 ; 1786, 102 ; 1791, 100 ; 1792, 112 ; and in 
1793, 103. 

The Register of Burials at the Parish Church commences 
October ist, 1596, and contains numerous entries of the burials 
of persons of the same families as those given above from the 
baptisms ; but the majority of the entries do not record the place 
from which the deceased came. The first name with " Pudsey " 
attached to it is as follows : — 

1598, August, Robert Wilsonn, of Pudsey, buryed the first day. 

From 1607 to November, 1624, there are no entries ; evi- 
dently the volume has been lost ; the entries thus far seem to 
have been copied from some other register. 

In 1624-5 the burials were more numerous than usual : — 

1624, March [1625] Mr. Thornton of Tiresall had his servant buried ye 
Eleventh day ; 

In the next month, 

April, 1625, ffrancis Hillhouse of Pudsey had two children buried ye one upon 
ye Seven and Twenty daye and ye other upon the eight and Twenty daye, '• ffrancis 
hilhouse had his wife and his doughter buried ye last daye. 

Again, on the first day of Maye, he buried one child, and 

ffrancis Hilhouse himself was buried ye fourth daye. 



56 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Thus husband and wife and four children were buried 
within eight days. Reading further in the register, I find, 

March, l6j5, Elcanan Wales buried the loth daye ; August, 1639, Samuel 
Wales of Pudsey was buried the 13th daye. 

The question at once arose in my mind, who were these ? 
Were they aged or young ? However, in looking over No. 4,276, 
Birch MSS., Brit . Mus.," Letters of Divines, formerly in the pos- 
session of Mr. Thoresby, of Leeds," I found a note in the hand- 
writing of the Rev. Elk. Wales, minister at Pudsey, which sup- 
plied the answer. It was a short note, written in Greek, Latin, 
and English, relating to his brother, the Rev. Samuel Wales, of 
Morley, and his family. On the death of this brother, the children 
were taken charge of by Mr. Elk. Wales, and the note referred 
to gives the names, etc., of the children, and of the two above- 
mentioned it records thus : — 

I. Samuel Wales S. F. Natus 14 Oct. 1619, died August 12th, 1639. 
5. Elkanah born Oct. 7, 1627, died Mar. 9, 1635. 

There were several children. Some of them died young. 

1641. Januarye Mr. Samuel Milner of Pudsey, Gent., buried the 7th daye. 

There are numerous entries relating to the Milners ; they 
were the most important family living in the village at that 
time, and were the only family using a coat-of-arms, which 
is thus described : — " Sable, three snaffles (or bridle bits) Or." 

A terrible plague raged in Leeds and district, in 1644 and 
1645* ; but it seems to have been in this parish earlier according 
to this register. In 1642, the burials numbered 40, but in 1643 
they were 130, an unprecedented number. In 1654, there was 
buried, 

October 24, Alice, daughter of Wm. Croysdall, Quaker, of Owl Coates. 

There is nothing in the register to distinguish those who 
were interred at Pudsey from those who were interred at 
Calverley. The oldest tombstone at Pudsey bears the follow- 
ing inscription : — 

A.W., 1660, May i5, 

and was formerly in the aisle of the chapel, but since 1847 has 
been in the burial ground, it having been then removed in order 
that it could be read, as the chapel was then closed and in ruins, 
but in the register it is recorded, 

1660, May 18 [blank], wife of Mr. Elkanah Wales. 

Her name was Anne. 

■•» See Annals of Yorkshire, p. 81. 



ALL SAINTS' REGISTERS. 57 

The register records : — 

July 14, 1660, Henry Bland and William Hustler, slain with a thunder Bolt. 
In 1 66 1, March 4, Sam : son of Mr. James Sale, of Pudsey. 

Mr. Sale was at that time curate at St. John's Church, 
Leeds, from which church he was ejected by the Act of Uni- 
formity, in 1662, as previously stated. He died at Pudsey in 
1679, and was interred at Calverley, Oliver Hey wood being 
present at the funeral, as he records in his diary. His widow 
was also buried there in 1700, and in the interesting diary of 
Walter Calverley, Esq. (afterwards Sir Walter), now in the 
British Museum {Add. MSS. 27,418), he says, 

6 Jany. 1700, I was at ffunerall of Mrs. Sale, of Pudsey, and Lent Mrs. Hutton 
a pair of mares and coach-wheels to bring the corpse to Church. 

Mrs. Hutton was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Sale, and 
was the wife of Mr. Richard Hutton, of Pudsey, who was the 
great grandson of Archbishop Hutton, of York ; grandson of 
Sir Thomas Hutton, of Poppleton ; and the son of Richard 
Hutton, Esq., and his wife, Dorothy, daughter of Fred. Viscount 
Fairfax, Baron of Cameron, in Scotland, of Denton, in Yorkshire. 

In 1701 there is recorded the first list of " buryalls " in 
Pudsey; the first half-year there were seven. In 1702 list of 
"buryells in Pudsey-come-Tyersall," 9 ; in 1716, on July 13, was 
buried at Pudsey," Mr. Gregory Milner, of Pudsey, there." The 
list being discontinued, the word " there " follows many of the 
entries, showing that the burial had taken place at Pudsey 
Chapel, but after a time this was given up, and there is again no 
distinguishing word until 1755, when separate lists were then 
again commenced. In 1734, was buried, 

May 1st, Samuel Lumby, of Pudsey, Sargon of Dragoons, There. 

1737, May 4, The Reverd. Willm. Brown, Minister of Pudsey, There. 

1738, Aug. 16, Mr. Jacob Simpson, an apothecary at Leeds, was buried at 
Pudsey, and his tombstone was lately close to the east end of the chapel. 

1738, March 21, Mr. Edward Kent, of Pudsey, There. 

1739, May 4, John, son of iNIr. John Hey, late of Pudsey, There. 

From 1755 the lists of the interments at Pudsey Chapel are 
given regularly ; in that year they numbered 38. The years in 
which the smallest number of interments took place were — 1765, 
when they were only 17; 1799,26; 1805,25; 1812,24. The 
united ages of six of these in 1812 amounted to 442, being an 
average of y^ years and 8 months each. In 1790 the burials 
were 43, and the united ages of 17 of them amounted to 1,269 
years, being an average of 74 years 7 months and 22 days each. 
The largest number of burials in one year was in 1787, when 
there were 100 persons interred, 50 of them being children, 



58 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

swept out of existence by that terrible scourge, small-pox ; 
the remainder being entered as follows : — consumption, 3 ; 
jaundice, i ; convulsions, 4 ; worm fever, 3 ; decline 3 ; white 
swelling, i ; dropsy, 3 ; inflammation, i ; fever, i ; aged, 3 ; evil, 
2 ; run over by a waggon, i ; still-born, 6 ; not stated, 18 ; total, 
100. In 1 78 1 there were 61 interments, 31 deaths being from 
small-pox. The total number of burials at Pudsey Chapel from 
1755 to the end of June, 18 14, 60 years except six months, was 
(including still-born children) 3,980 ; and estimating the six 
months at 20, we have a total of 4,000 interments in that small 
burial ground around the old chapel. The first 20 years arc 
taken from the register at Calverley, and the remainder from a 
private register made by the Rev. William Howarth, and ending 
with his death in June, 18 14. 

There were seven tombstones inside the old chapel, previous 
to its demolition, and seventy-three in the graveyard ; and many 
of the inscriptions will, no doubt, be interesting to numerous 
individuals and families amongst us. The oldest tombstone in 
the ground bears the following inscription : — 

A. W. 1660. MAY 16.* 

The next five stones adjoining the above, in the aisle of the 
chapel, bore the following inscriptions : — 

In Memory of Hope, the wife of the Revd. Wm. Howorth, Curate of this Chapel, 
who departed this Life the 2Sth Day of February, 1803, in the 6Sth year of age. 

Also ihe Revd. William Howorth, 47 years curate (if this Chapel, who 
departed this Life May 1S14, in the 80th year of his age. 

In Memory of Elizabeth Howorth, oldest daughter of the Revd. William 
Howorth, 47 years Curate of this Chapel, who died April 17th, 1833, in the 60th 
Year of her Age. 

Also of Anne Howorth youngest daughter and only surviving child of the Revd. 
William Howorth, who died 'May 14th, 1833, in the 58th Year of her Age. 

Anne Willet, /E So, 1788. 

^ Samuel and Martha Lumby, 

Died 20th Day of March, Eight Year of her age ..1706. 

Here lyeth the Body of Samuel Lumby, of Pudsey, who departed this Life the 
6th day of July, 1707, Aged 

In Memory of Rebecca Holmes youngest Daughter of the Revd. William 
Holmes, of Pontefract, deceased, who died the 15th day of June, 1790, in the 19th 
year of her Age. 

Also Rebecca Plolmes, Relict of the Revd. William Holmes, late of Pomfret. 
She departed this Life, Jan. 20th, 181 1, in the 80th year of her Age. 

Also William Holmes, .of Pudsey, son of the above Rebecca Holmes, who 
departed this Life May i6th, in the 47th year of his age. 

The Mrs. Holmes mentioned above was a sister of the 
celebrated Dr. Hey, of Leeds. 

* See p. 56 



ALL saints' burial GROUND. 59 

There was one memorial stone against the wall of the 
chapel, but this was removed to the church (St. Lawrence's), 
some time ago. The inscription upon it is as follows : — 

Near this place are deposited the remains of John Cooper, Pudsey, who departed 
this life, Feby. 28th, 1816, aged 57 years. His truly afflicted widow caused this 
monument to be erected as a small tribute of affection to the memory of a beloved 
Husband. He lived in a faithful performance of every Christian duty, and died the 
death of the righteous. 

Beginning at the western end of the burial ground the first 
stone previous to the late relaying was — 

In Memory of the Daughter of George and Nancy Sugden, who departed this 
Life, Oct. 21st, 1811, in the second year of her age. 

Likewise two, who died in their Infancy. 

Here lieth interr'd the body of Isaac Illingworth, of Pudsey, who departed this 
Life December the 24th, 1780, in the 50th Year of His Age. 

Here lieth Interr'd the Body of William Pollard, of Pudsey, who departed this 
life the 19th day of December, in the 43rd year of his Age, Anno Domini, 1724, And 
also Robert, son of William Pollard, who departed this life, August the 20th, in ye 3rd 
year of his age, A.D. 1725. 

Here was interr'd the Body of Faith, the wife of John Darnbrough, of Pudsey, 
who departed this life the 27th day of April, in the 27th year of her age. Anno 
Domini, 1725. 

Here lieth the Body of Dorothea, the wife of Thos. Lawson, surgeon, of Pudsey, 
who departed this life, the 28th day of January, 1760, in ye ^4th year of her Age. 

Also the Body of Mary, the wife of Thos. Lawson, who died August the 8th, 
1774. Aged 38 years. 

Also Thos. Lawson, Surgeon and Apothecary, of Pudsey; he died Feb. 28th, 
1798, Aged 68 Years. 

Also Mary, Wife of the above Thos. Lawson, who departed this life Deer. 6th, 
1823, aged 67 Years. 

In Memory of George, the son of George and Elizabeth Hainsworth, of Pudsey 
Fartown ; he departed this life, June 21st, 1810, in the 23rd Year of his Age. 

Also two Children, who died in their Infancy. 

Also Joseph, son of the above : he departed this Life, March 27th, 18 12, in the 
22nd Year of his Age. 

In Memory of Martha, Wife of James Harrison, of Pudsey, who departed this 
Life June 9th, 1795, Aged 57 years. 

Also of James, the above said, who departed this Life, Nov. 28th, 1808, Aged 
72 Years. 

Here lieth interr'd the Body of John Morehouse, of Bankhouse. He departed 
this Life September the 27th, 17S0, in the 43rd Year of His Age. 

Here lyeth the body of Mary, the Wife of Jonathan Muff, who Departed this 
Life ye. 8th of July, 1763, Aged 58 Years. 

Hannah, the widow of William Haste, departed this Life April i8th, 1807. 
Aged 84 Years. 

In Memory of Joseph, son of James & Hannah Newell, of Pudsey, who 
departed this Life March 4th, 181 1, Aged 4 Years. 

Also Hannah, Daugliter of the above, who departed this Life, June 17th, 1817, 
in 9th Year of her Age. 

Also Joseph, Son of the above, who died in his Infancy. 

Also Hannah, Daughter of the above, who died April ist, 1822, Aged 3 Years. 

In Memory of Mary, Daughter of Thomas & Agnes Rider, of Pudsey, she 
departed this Life Jany. 17th, 1795, in the 2nd Year of her Age. 

Also William, son of the above Thomas & Agnes, he departed this Life October 
27th, 1 80 1, aged 4 Years, > 



6o HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Also Agnes, the wife of the above said Thomas Rider, of Pudsey, who died 
Angst. 5th, 1822, Aged 55 years. 

Also, the above said Thomas Rider, who departed this Life on the l8th day of 
January, 1841, in the 70th Year of his Age. 

In Memory of Ann Halliday, Daughter of John and Ann Halliday, of Pudsey, 
who departed this Life January the x6th, 1810 in the 7th Year of her Age. 

Also George, son of the above-said, who departed this Life January the 19th, 
1810, in the 5th Year of his Age. 

Here lieth Interred the body of Jonas Jowett, of Pudsey, who departed this 
life the 19th Day of April, in the 47th year of his Age, Anno Domini, 1733. 

Also Joseph, his Son, interred March the 13th, 1736, Aged 4 years. 

Also Susannah, wife of the above-said Jonas, died March the 13th, 1779, Aged 
81 Years. 

Also Mary, the wife of Joseph Turner, and Daughter of the above said Jonas 
and Susannah, died September the 3rd, 1779. Aged Years. 

In Memory of Joseph Dodgson, of Pudsey, who departed this Life August 
31st, 1807. In the 70th Year of his Age. 

A.lso Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Driver, and late Widow of the above Joseph 
Dodgson, she departed this Life April 19th, 1814, in the 52nd Year of her Age. 

In Memory of William Banks, of Pudsey Back Lane, who departed this Life 
April 8th, 1S03, in the 71st Year of his Age. 

In Memory of Samuel Moss, of Putlsey, who departed this life, Novmbr. 23rd., 
1805 in the 66th Year of his Age. 

Also of Martha, the wife of the aforesaid Samuel Moss, who departed this Life 
May 6th, 1818, in the 73rd Year of her Age. 

Here lieth the Bodies of six Children of Joseph Banks, of Pudsey, who all Died 
in the first Year of their Age. 

Also Elizabeth, daughter of the abovesaid Joseph, who Died September the 
15th, 1773, in the first Year of her Age. 

Also Edward, son of the above, Joseph, died May the 21st, 1777 in ye third 
Year of his Age. 

Also Thomas, son of the above. Joseph died May the 6th, 1778, in the i6th 
Year of his Age. 

Also Joshua, son of the abovesaid Joseph, died Oct. 21st, 1779, Aged 2 Years. 

Also John, son of the abovesaid Joseph, died November the 4th, 17 ..24th 

Year of his Age. 

Also Joseph, Father Children, Died Aged 

In Memory of five Children of Joseph and Sarah Banks, of Pudsey Backlane, 
who died in their infancy. 

Also of Sarah, mother of the said Children and Wife of the above Joseph Banks 
& Daughter of Matthew Dufton, she died May 4th, 1797, in the 33rd Year of her Age. 

Also Sarah, Daughter of the abovesaid Joseph Banks, who died the 17th day of 
March, 1804, in the loth Year of her Age. 

Also Betty, Daughter of the abovesaid Joseph Banks, who died the 9th day of 
November, 1804, in the 18th Year of her Age. 

Also John Banks, who died January 26th, 1849, Aged 59 Years. 

On the adjoining stone the above inscription, relating to the 
Banks's family, is reproduced vej'batim et literatim except the last 
item of John Banks's, and has in place the following relating to 
Joseph Banks : — 

Also of Joseph Banks, Father of the above Children, who departed this Life 
26th May, 1822, in the 63rd Year of his Age. 

Here lies interred the body of Hannah the wife of John Hutchinson, of Pudsey, 
who died October the 23rd, 1760, Aged 23 Years. 

Also the Body of Betty, his Daughter, who died September ye 9th, 1766 in ye 
7th Year of her Age. 



ALL saints' burial GROUND. 6l 

Also Hannah, his Daughter, who died July ye 31st, 1767, in the 3rd week of 
her Age. 

Here also lies the body of Ann, the wife of the abovesaid John Hutchinson, 
who died December the 15th, 1768, Aged 32 Years. 

Also Hannah, wife of ye above John, died March the 6th, 1789, in the 34th 
Year of her Age. 

Here lies the body of James Fletcher, of Pudsey, who dyed the 13th day of June, 
1759, In the 20th Year of his Age. 

Also the body of John Fletcher, who died January the 8th, 1773, Aged 52 Years. 

Also Sarah, the wife of the abovesaid John Fletcher, who departed this life 
September the 6th, 1786, in the 60th Year of her Age. 

Here lieth the Body of Anne, Daughter of the Revd. Mr. Maurice, of Pudsey, 
who died July the 12th, 1772, aged 16 Years. 

Here also lies interr'd the Body of the said Revd. Mr. Maurice, late Minister at 
the Dissenting Chapel in Pudsey, who dejDarted this Life July 1st, 1773, in the 49th 
Year of his Age. 

Here also lies the Body of Elizabeth, the Daughter of the said Revd. Mr. Maurice, 
who departed this life the 22nd Day of Novr., 1773, in the 3rd Year of her Age. 

Mr. Maurice was the grandfather of the late distinguished 
Professor Maurice, who died a few years ago. 

Here was interr'd the Body of Benjn. Hinchliffe, of Pudsey. He died September 
the 27th, 1780, Aged 63 Years. 

Also Mary, wife of the above Benjn. She died March 2ist, 1789, Aged 74 years. 

Also near this place lieth the remains of John, of ye above Benjn., he died 
January 14th, 1768. 

Also near this place lieth the remains of Rachel, Daughter of the above Benjn., 
she died 

Here lieth the Body of Jane, wife of John Brooksbank, of Pudsey, who died 
August the i8th, 1752, Aged 48 Years. 

Also here lieth the body of John, son of the abovesaid Jane Brooksbank, who 
died the 22nd of day of November, 1793, in the 67th Year of his Age. 

Also Here Lieth the body of Joseph, son of the abovesaid Jane Brooksbank, who 
died the lith day of April, 1793, in the 51st Year of his Age. 

Also Here Lieth the Body of Mary Brooksbank, the wife of the above Joseph 
Brooksbank. She departed this Life on the loth day of December, 1825, in the 79th 
Year of her Age. 

Here was interr'd ye Body of Joseph, son of Samuel Hincslef, of Pudsey, who 
dy'd the 14th day of September, 1762, in the 22nd Year of his Age. 

In Memory of Elizabeth, wife of Benjamin Hinchleff, of Bradford Moor, Clothier, 
she died December 24th, 1 798, in the 64th Year of her Age. 

Also the above Benjamin Hinchlifie, who departed this life on the l6th Nov., 
1825, aged 81 Years. 

Here lyeth the Body of Hannah, the wife of Abraham Hutchinson, of Pudsey, 
who departed this life the 2nd day of January, 1751, in the 33rd Year of her Age. 

Also the Body of Elizabeth, Daughter, who died July the 25th, 1758, Aged 17 
Years. 

Also the Body of the abovesaid Abraham Hutchinson, who departed this Life 
the 1 8th day of April, 1793, in the Sist Year of his Age. 

Also the Body of James, son of Abraham Hutchinson, junior, who departed this 
Life the 24th day of September, 1797, who died in his Infancy. 

Here Lyeth the Body of Mary, the wife of Abraham Hutchinson, of Pudsey, who 
departed this Hfe the i8th day May, in the 72nd Year of her Age, Anno Domini, 1728. 

Also the said Abraham Hutchinson, died January 1758. in the 

84th Year of his Age. 

John F'arrer, of town, who died loth, 

1788, in the Year of his Age. 

(Stone decayed.) 



62 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

In Memory of Joseph Wilson, of Fartown, Pudsey, who departed this Life 
March 9th, 1813, in the 63rd Year of his Age. 

In Memory of Nancy, the wife of Tohn Boulton, of Leeds, who departed this 
Life July 28th, 181 1, in the 41st Year of her Age. 

Interred Here William, son of William Farrer, he died the 23rcl of April, 1752, 
in the 15th Year of his Age. 

Also William Farrer, the elder, who departed this Life the 24th Day of March, 
1769, in the 69th year of his Age. 

Also Anne, the Daughter of the said William Farrer, and ye widow of John 
Darnbrough, who died April the 30th, 1785, Aged 54 Years. 

Also Richard, son of the said William Farrer, who departed this Life the gih 
day of June, 1829, in the 87th Year of his Age. 

Here Lieth Interr'd the Body of Hannah, wife of Thomas Langley, of Pudsey, 
who departed this life the 23rd day of February in the 20th year of her Age. Anno 
Domini, 1731. 

In Memory of Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Driver, of Pudsey, she departed this 
Life Decbr. 26th, 1806, in the 50th Year of Age. 

Also four Children, who died in their Infancy. 

Also of Joseph Driver, brother to the abovesaid Samuel Driver of Pudsey, who 
departed this Life Janry 31st, 1819, in the 80th Year of his Age. 

Also the above said Samuel Driver, who departed this Life on the 27th day of 
Octr., 1839, Aged 87 Years. 

Here Lyeth the Body of William Lepton, of Pudsey, who departed this life the 9 
day of August, 1690. 

Also the Body of Grace, the wife of ^Ir. Joseph Dobson, of Pudsey, she died 
Novr. the 8th, 1 758, Aged 29 Years. 

Also the Body of the Revd. Mr. Samuel Dobson, A.M., son of the said INIr. 
Joseph Dobson, who died on the 2nd March, ■ — 77, Aged 27 Years. 

Here lieth Interred the Body of Joshua Lumby, of Pudsey, who departed this 
life the 24th day of October, 1737, about the 86th year of his Age. 

Here lies interred Four Sons of Joseph Dobson, of Pudsey, Gent : two called 
Joseph and' the third William, all died very young, and John, the fourth son, died on 
the 28th July, 1 761, Aged four Years. 

Also Joseph Lumby, of Pudsey, died January the 6th, 1777, Aged 70 Years. 

Here lyeth the Body of Hope, the wife of Miles Metcalf, of Pudsey, who 
departed this life the first day of July, in the 56th Year of her Age, 1735. 

Also the Body of Miles Metcalf, Interred the nth of February, 1754, Aged 72. 

Also Anne, the daughter of the said Miles and Hope Metcalfe, and the widow 
of William Farrer lieth here Interred. She died August the 8th, 1783, Aged 76 
Years. 

Also Elizabeth Farrer, Daughter of the abovesaid Anne, she died Janry. i8th, 
1822, Aged 82 Years. 

Here was inter'd the Body of George Beaumont, of Pudsey, who departed this 
Life the 5th Day of November in ye year of our Lord 1768, and in the 41st Year of 
his Age. 

Also James, son of George Beaumont, junior, he died April l/lh, 1796, in his 
8th year 

Also Sarah, the Wife of George Beaumont, Tenant to John Wilmer Field, Esq., 
she died Feby. 22nd, 1823, in the 6ist Year of her Age. 

Also of the abovesaid George Beaumont, who departed this life on the 12th day 
of January, 1836, aged 73 Years. 

In Memory of Hannah, Daughter of John and Nancy Crampton, of Pudsey, 
who departed this Life on the 9th day of September, 1781, in the 2nd Year of her 
Age. 

Also Hannah, Daughter of the abovesaid Parents, who departed this Life the 
6th day of September, 1792, in the 3rd Year of her Age. 

Also Hannah Maria, Daughter ol the abovesaid Parents, who departed this Life 
the Sth day of March, 1802, in the 2nd Year of her Age. 



ALL saints' BURL\L GROUND. 63 

Also Nancy, wife of John Crampton, she departed this Life, May 27th, 1808, in 
the 46th Year of her Age. 

Here lies the Body of John Binns, of Pudsey, who died Feb. 5, 17S6, A.E. 63. 

Also the Body of Sarah, the Daughter of his Nephew, John Binns, she Died 2nd 
Sepr., 1787, A.E. I. 

To the Memory of Alice, the wife of Joshua Town, of Pudsey, wlio died the 27th 
day of October, 1777, in the 79th Year of her Age. 

In Memory of Samuel Boys, Pudsey, who died April the 7th, 1 797, Aged 59 Years. 

Also Hannah, wife of the above Samuel Boys, she died July 27111, 1801, in the 
51st Year of her Age. 

Also Samuel Boys, Grandson of the abovesaid Samuel and Hannah Boys. He 
died loth December, 1S14, in the 7th Year of his Age. 

Also of John Boys, son of the above, who departed this Life on the 14th day of 
Jany. 1839, in the 62nd Year of his Age. 

Also of Sarah, wife of the above John Boys, who died Febry. 21st, 1S57, in her 
Soth Year. 

In Memory of William, son of Joseph and Hannah Hutchinson, of Pudsey 
Littlemoor, who departed this Life Sepr. 13th, 1807, Aged 8 Years. 

Also John, Aged i year. 

Also Hannah, the wife of the abovesaid Joseph Hutchinson, who departed this 
Life Sep. 13th, 1819, in the 63rd Year of her Age. 

Also Joseph Hutchinson, Husband of the abovesaid Hannah Hutchinson, and 
Father of the aforesaid Children, he departed this Life on the 13th day of December, 
1827, Aged 71 years. 

Here lieth interr'd the Body of Richard Sugden, of Tiresal, he died February 
the 2nd, 1780, Aged 21 years. 

Here was Interr'd the Body of William Whitley, of Pudsey. who died September 
the i8th, 1775, in ye 64th Year of his Age. 

Also Sarah, his Daughter, died April 9th, 1761, in ye Year of her Age. 

In Memory of Hannah, Daughter of William and Ann Norton, of Pudsey, she 
departed this Life January 17th, 1792, in the 3rd Year of her Age. 

Also of Mary, Daughter of the above William and Ann Norton. She departed 
this Life May 20th, 17^8, in the ist Year of her Age. 

Likewise of Henry, Son of the above William and Ann Norton ; he departed 
this Life 

And of Ruth, Daughter of the above William and Ann Norton, she died August 
23rd, 1803, in the 19th year of her Age. 

Also of John, son of the abovesaid William and Ann Norton, who departed 
this Life June 21st, 1812, in the 36th Year of his Age. 

And also of the abovesaid William Norton, who departed this Life May 21st, 
1 8 14, in the 65 th Year of his Age. 

Also Ann, wife of the above, she departed this Life August 6th, 1S15, in the 
68th Year of her Age. 

In Memory of four Children of James and Martha Harrison, of Pudsey, who 
died in their Infancy. 

Also Martha, Mother of the above Children, who died the 26th Day of March, 
in the Year 1807, Aged 36 Years. 

In Memory of Elizabeth, the W^ife of William Crampton, of Pudsey, who died 
Jan. 25th, 1792, in the 35th Year of her Age. 

Here was Interred the Body of Ann, wife of Joseph Boys, of Pudsey, who De- 
parted this Life May 21st, 1792, Aged 72 Years. 

Also Nancy, Daughter of Joseph Boys, who Departed this Life February the 
llth, 1795. in tbe 34th Year of her Age. 

Also Joseph Boys, Died March 19th, 1797. Aged 67 Years. 

In Memory of John, Son of Thomas and Mary Hustler, who Departed this 
Life on the 2nd day of June, 1815, Aged 12 j-ears. 

Here was Interr'd the body of George Brogden, of Pudsey, who Departed this 
Life the 27th day of December, 1783, in the 53rd Year of his Age. 



64 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Here lieth Interr'd the body of Mary, the Daughter of William ISIoss, of Pudsey, 
she died November the 4th, 1777, Aged 7 Years. 

Also here lieth the Body of William Moss, he departed this Life May 2Sth, 1807, 
in the 66th Year of his Age. 

Also Hannah, wife of the above said William Moss, she departed this Life 
August 22nd, 1809, in the 66th Year of her Age. 

Here lies Interr'd the Body of Betty, the wife of Matthew Dufton, who De- 
parted this Life the 28th day of April, 1788, in the 48th Year of her Age. 

In Memory of Sarah, the wife of William Cauthery, of Pudsey, she departed 
this Life March I5lh, 1808, in the 53rd Year of her Age. 

Also the abovesaid William Cauthery, who departed this life on the 13th day of 
Jmie, 1825, in the 73rd Year of his Age. 

In Memory of James Hutchinson, of Rocker-lane, who departed this Life the 
25th day of December, 1787, in the 46th Year of his Age. 

Also of Mary, Daughter of the abovesaid James Hutchinson, who departed this 
Life the 17th day of May, 1788, in the 6th Year of her Age. 

Also of Mary, the wife of James Hutchinson, Son of the abovementioned James 
Hutchinson, who departed this Life Aug. the 7th, 181 1, in the 43rd Year of her Age. 

Also Thomas, Son of the Last-mentioned James Hutchinson, who departed this 
Life Novr. the 4th, 1801, in the 4th Year of his Age. 

Also of three others, Thomas, Matthew, and John, who died in their Infancy. 
Elieii, qiiim tentii pendent morfiliajilo. 

Here was interred the Body of Joseph Hutchinson, of Pudsey, who departed 
this life the 14th day of August, 1773, in the 57th Year of his Age. 

Also Palley, Daughter of Joseph Hutchinson, Junior, died August the nth, 
1777, in the 2nd Year of her age. 

Also Hannah, the Wife of the abovesaid Joseph Hutchinson, Junior, she died 
May 15th, 1786, in the 67th Year of her Age. 

Also George, Son of the above Joseph Hutchinson, Junior, he died September 
2Sth, 17S7, Aged 4 Years. 

Here Lieth Interr'd the Body of Hannah, Wife of Thomas Langley, of Pudsey, 
who departed this Life the 23rd day of February, in the 20th Year of her Age. Anno 
Domini, 173 1. 

In Memory of Elizabeth, Wife of William Farrer, of Pudsey, Back lane, who 
died Deer, the 7th, 1779, Age 55 years. 

Also, the above-named William Farrer, who died June the 13th, 1797, Aged 75 
Years. 

Also of William Farrer, Son of the abovesaid, who departed this life on the 27th 
day of May, 181 6, in the 66th Year of his age. 

Also Nancy, Wife of the abovesaid William Farrer, she departed this life on the 
7th day of December, 1821, aged 55 years. 

Also Mary, the Wife of William Farrer, who departed this life Sepr. 6lh, 1853, 
aged 66 years. 

Also, the last-named William Farrer, who died Sepr. 19th, 1858, aged 71 Years. 

Here lieth Interr'd the Body of Mr. Jacob Simpson, Surgeon, of Leeds, who 
departed this Life the 14th day of Augitst, 1738, Aged 73 Years. 

Also Robert Carlyle, great, great Grand Son of the above Jacob Simpson, who 
departed this Life the 20th February, 1812, in the Seventh Year of his AGE. 

Near to the tombstone of Jacob Simpson, is a tombstone 
to a " Son of John Hey," the remaining part of the inscription 
is illegible. 

In Memory of Mary, the Wife of John Farrer, of Littlemoor, Pudsey. who 
departed this Life the 2nd day of May, 1795, aged 70 Years. 

Also Richard Farrer, Son of the abovesaid John and Mary Farrer, who de- 
parted this life the 27th Day of April, 1799, in the 52nd Year of his Age. 



ALL SAINTS BURIAL GROUND. 6j 

Also John Farrer, of Pudsey, Littlemoor, Husband of the abovesaid Mary 
Farrer, who departed this Life June iSth, 1804, Aged >o Years. 

Here was Interr'd yc Body of the Revd. Benjamin Bayley, Clerk, who died 
August ye 5th, in the 53rd Year of his Age. Anno. Dom. 1762. And in ye 26th 
Year of his Ministry at this Chapell. 

Also the body of Benjn. his son, who died June ye 27th, 1761, in ye 5th Year 
of his Age. 

Also Penelope, his Wife, and Daughter of Thomas Fearnley, late of Birstal, 
who departed this Life the ist Day of November. Anno Dom. 1772, in the 52 Year 
of her Age. 

Here lies interr'd the body of the Revd. John Wainman, Minister at the Dis- 
senting Chapel, in Pudsey, who died June the loth, 1770. AE 64. Resurgam. 

Mr. Wainman was a native of Bingley, and was minister of 
Pudsey about 42 years, having commenced his ministry in 1727 
or 28. His wife, who was a native of Bramley, and two children 
were buried at Bramley Chapel, the former in 1755, the latter in 
175 1 and 1756. 

In Memory of Rebekah, the Wife of Abraham Pearson, of Pudsey, she de- 
parted this life October the 14th, 1779, Aged 47 Years. 

Also Joseph Pearson, Son of the abovementioned Abrm. and Rebekah Pearson, 
who died Octr. 29th, 1779, aged 16 Years. 

And likewise the above mentioned Abm. Pearson, he died May the 24th, 1809, 
in the 76 Year of his Age. 

In Memory of Matthew, Son of John Tunnicliffe, Junr., and Esther, his Wife, 
of Pudsey, who departed this life Feby. 3rd, 1841, in the 8th Year of Age 

Here was interr'd the Body of Anne, the Wife of Matthew Moss, of Pudsey, who 
departed this life April the 28th, 1765, in the 34th Year of her Age. 

Also Matthew Moss, Husband of the abovesaid Anne, who departed this Life 
July the 1st, 1784, in the 53rd Year of his Age. 

Also here was interr'd the Body of Tristram, Son of the abovesaid Matthew and 
Anne Moss, who departed this Life the loth day of January. 1804, in the 40th Year of 
his Age. 

In Memory of Samuel, Son of Benjamin Farrer, of Pudsey, he died April 15th, 
1789, Aged 50 Years. 

Also of Ann, wife of the above, who departed this Life Octr. 23rd, 18 14, in the 
71st Year of her Age. 

In Memory of Hannah Farrer, wife of Benjamin Farrer, Pudsey, who departed 
this Life August loth, 1848, in the 83rd Year of her Age. 

Also the abovesaid Benjamin Farrer, who died August 29th, 1855, ^^ ^^e 92nd 
Year of his Age. 

In Memory of Ann, Wife of Samuel Farrer, of Huff-side, in the township of 
Pudsey, who departed this life on the 22nd day of September, 1819, Aged 76 Years. 

Also of Joshua, Son of the abovesaid Samuel and Ann Farrer, who departed 
this life on the 15th day of April, 1828, in the 49th Year of his Age. 

Also of the abovesaid Samuel Farrer, who departed this life on the 15th day of 
June, 1829, in the 80th Year of his Age. 

Also of John, Son of the abovesaid Samuel and Ann Farrer, who departed this 
life on the i8th day of August, 1832, Aged 62 Years. 

In Memory of Thomas, Son of William Greaves, of Pudsey, he died November 
27th, 1737, Aged 4 Years. 

Here lies interr'd the Body of Mary, Daughter of Joseph Couper, of Pudsey, 
who died the 12th day of October, 1787, in the 3rd Year of her Age. 

Also the Body of Rachel, the daughter of the above Joseph Couper, who died 
November the 12th, 1788, in the 2nd Year of her Age. 

Also Matthew, died June 4th, 1796, in the 8th Year of his Age. 

F 



66 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Also Rachel, died June 25th, 1796, in her 2nd Year of her Age. 

Also Rachel, Wife of Joseph Cooper, who departed this life February 15th, 
1826, in the 70th Year of her Age. 

Also of the above Joseph Cooper, who departed this life on the 27th day of 
April, 1837, Aged 84 Years. 

John, Son of Joseph Rayner, of Pudsey, Interred April iith, 1714, Aged 2 
Years. 

Also Joseph, his 2nd son. Interred October y^ 29th, 1718, Aged 5 Years. 

Adjacent lies Joshua Rayner, of Tong. Interred February ye 6th, Aged about 
75 Years, 1721. 

Here lies allso Interred the Body of Joseph Driver, who died February the 9th, 
1777. Aged 71 Years. 

Also the Body of William Rayner. who died November 29th, 1778, Aged 63 
Years. 

Also the Body of Hannah Dean, Daughter of the above Joseph Driver, with 
her Child, who died March ye 4th, 1784, Aged 38 Years. 

Also Mary, Wife of Joseph Driver, who died November the I2th, 1784, Aged 
74 Years. 

Rachel, the wife of Joseph Pearson, of Pudsey Back laine. Died of a dropsy, 
Jan. 3rd, after they had been marri'd 20 Years, and was interred here 4th, 1743, Aged 
49 Years. But had no Child. 

The burial ground is at the present time surrounded with a 
good wall, surmounted by iron-spiked palisades, but with no 
gateway, or any way of ingress for those who may want to visit 
the old burial ground, where so many of their friends and 
relatives are interred. 

St. EainrfiiCE Cljurcl). — This edifice was erected in the year 
i82i,atacost of^ 13,360, obtained from the sum granted by 
Parliament under the " Million Act." Mr. Taylor, of Leeds, was 
the builder, and it is of the Churchwardens' Gothic style of 
architecture. There are massive flying buttresses and heavy 
battlements, pointed windows with plain mullions, and no decora- 
tion. The finials to the drip-stones, over the vestry door, are 
sculptured figures, representing grotesque heads. The stone 
work is very heavy, and the footing and plinths are of enormous 
blocks of gritstone. The flying buttresses from each side of the 
church extend above the parapet of the lower roof, and form 
pinnacles. The same principle is observed in respect to the 
second roof, covering the middle of the church. The buttresses 
of the tower, which are of a tremendous thickness at the base, 
run up nearly to the summit of the structure, the walls of which 
are about four feet in thickness. The tower is surmounted by 
decorated pinnacles and massive battlements. The upper storey 
of the tower has a double row of three-light windows. The peal 
of eight bells, said to be one of the finest in the county, was 
cast by Mears, of London ; the tenor weighs about 16 cwt. 
They were opened with the church in 1824, and subscribed for 
by the inhabitants of the locality. The visitor cannot help being 



ST. LAWRENCE CHURCH. 



67 



struck with the massiveness of the church. It has been con- 
structed so strongly that, with no other assailant than the 
weather, one might expect it to stand for more than a thousand 
years. The same impression is created when we enter the 
building, which is roomy and lofty, plain, but very substantial. 
At the east end of the church there is a double five-light pointed 
window, with plain mullions. It is filled with stained glass, and 
the subjects are very artistically and beautifully carried out. 
Each light contains a memorial of the departed. In the upper 




St. Lawrence Church. 

row the first refers to St. Matthew, and it bears the following 
inscription : 

In memory of Thomas Banks, born Oct. 7, 1779, died Sept. 2, 1851. 

The second refers to St. Mark, and it has the following 
inscription : 

In memory of Mary Maria Jefferson, born Fel:)y. 22, 1797 ; died April 18, 1865. 

The third, or centre light, has a representation of the Ascen- 
sion, and it bears the following inscription : 

In memory of Thomas Farrar, Esq., of Grove House, Pudsey, who died January 
17, ib'67, aged 74 years. 



68 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

The fourth light refers to St. Luke, and has the following 
inscription : 

In memory of William Beaumont, who died June 26, 1865, aged 72. 

The fifth light refers to St. John, and has the following 

inscription : 

In affectionate remembrance of Robert Beaumont, solicitor, who died April 20, 
1856, aged 30. 

The first light on the bottom row refers to St. Peter, and 
bears the following inscription : 

In memory of John Halliday, who died January 15, 1871, aged 61 years; and 
Martha, his wife, who died Dec. 25, 1869, aged 59 years. 

The second refers to St. Paul, and bears the following 
inscription : 

In memory of Harriet, wife of Henry Beaumont, she died shortly after the birth 
of her first child, Oct. 20, 1869, aged 25. 

The third, or centre light, has a represention of the Cruci- 
fixion, with the following inscription : 

To the Glory of God and in memory of the Rev. Uavid Jenkins, 42 years in- 
cumbent of Pudsey, died August 14, 1854. aged 66 years. 

The fourth light refers to St. James, and has the following 
inscription : 

In memory of James Beaumont who died March 13th, 1869, aged 53 ; and of 
Martha, his wife, who died September 7, 1846, aged 33. 

The fifth light refers to St. Jude, and bears the following 
inscription : 

In memory of Joshua Armitage, who died January 8, 1866, aged 81 years ; and 
of Hannah, his wife, who died February 10, 1869, aged 84 years. 

Underneath there is a handsome reredos of Caen stone, 
consisting of nine niches, pointed with decorated trefoil heads. 
To the left two of the panels contain the Lord's Prayer and the 
Apostle's Creed, and to the right two panels contain the Ten 
Commandments. In the centre there is a cross and the Lamb. 
On each side there are beautifully designed vases, containing 
corn, the vine, and the passion flower, these being tastefully 
coloured. Another of the panels contains a representation of 
the eagle feeding its young with the blood from its breast. 
Covering the communion table is a neatly-wrought cloth of 
plain texture, but possessing a handsome border, a creditable 
specimen of home work at the vicarage. The chancel is very 
narrow, though lofty, and if extended further east, it would 
certainly effect a very important improvement to the interior 
of the edifice. The chancel arch, which is a great height, is 



ST. LAWRENCE CHURCH. 69 

supported by a cluster of columns at each side, having rounded 
capitals, but not decorated. Two large niches in the west front 
of the chancel wall, intended for figures, have not yet been 
occupied. 

There are five spans of arches, on the north and on the 
south sides of the church. The arches are pointed, and on 
octagonal pillars, with plain heads, and in front of each pillar, 
looking from the nave, there is a small rounded pilaster running 
from the base to the roof. Over each arch there is a two-light 
window, each of which lights an arch supporting a depressed 
roof, which is divided into ten panels. There are five three- 
light windows on the north and south sides of the church. They 
are pointed, and have plain mullions. Two side galleries are 
over the north and south aisles, and at the back of the west 
gallery there is an ornamental screen, surmounted by the royal 
arms, the former being part of the original reredos at the east 
end of the building. There is some heavy woodwork over the 
arches supporting the roofs of the side aisles. At the west or 
principal entrance to the church, between the nave and the 
recess underneath the flooring of the tower, there is a solid oak 
screen, tastefully panelled ; and in the recess, north and south, 
there are panels of pitch pine varnished, and the natural graining 
of the wood is splendid. 

The font is situated at the west end of the church. It has 
an ornamental covering, and is of modern workmanship. The 
church is lighted with gas, and it is warmed by the hot-air 
process. About two years ago the church was re-pewed by Mr. 
Illingworth, of Bradford. The pews are open, and made in the 
modern style. Previous to this alteration the body of the church 
did not extend beyond the fourth arch to the west, the space 
occupied by the fifth arch being used as a chapel. When the 
church was re-opened, the dividing screen was removed, and the 
nave was enlarged to that extent. There are now sittings for 
two thousand persons. At the east end of the centre aisle there 
is a very handsome lectern, made of light oak, which is most 
artistically carved. It was presented to the church by Mr. 
Varley, of Stanningley. On the north side of the church, near 
to the chancel, a splendid organ is erected. It is the work of 
Messrs. Brindley and Foster, organ builders, of Sheffield, and 
cost between ;^ 1,300 and ;^ 1,400. It was opened in the year 
1873, and it gave great satisfaction to those who promoted the 
purchase of it. The design is neat, and yet bold, and the tone 
is sweet and powerful. The bellows arc worked by hydraulic 



70 



HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



power. Mr. Walter Kenyon is the organist. Formerly there 
was an organ loft over the west gallery, but it has been removed. 

The following is a description of the organ : — 



GREAT ORGAN. 





Compass C C to G. 




I. 


Double Open Diapason 


feet 




metal . . 


16 


2. 


Open Diapason ... metal .. 


8 


3- 


Gamba metal .. 


8 


4- 


Rohr Geclact,wood or metal . . 


8 


5- 


Harmonic Flute, wood and 






metal . . 


4 


6. 


Principal metal 


4 


7- 


Twelfth metal .. 


3 


8. 


Fifteenth metal .. 


2 


9- 


Mixture, 4 ranks .. metal 




lO. 


Posaune metal .. 


8 



PEDAL ORGAN. 
Compass C C C to F. 



I. 


Major Bass 


. . wood 


2. 


Sub Bass... 


wood 


3- 


Principal Bass 


. metal 


4- 


Flute Bass 


. . wood 


5- 


Quint Bass 


wood 


6. 


Trombone 


.. metal 


7- 


Trumpet Bass 


. . metal 



feet 

16 

16 

8 

8 

I of 

16 

8 



SWELL ORGAN. 
Compass C C to G. 



CHOIR ORGAN. 
Compass C C to G. 

1. Lieblich Gedact wood and 

metal 

2. Dulciana ... .. metal 

3. Salcional ... ... metal 

4. Gedact wood and metal 

5. Flauto Traverso ... metal 

6. Lieblich Flute ... metal 

7. Piccolo ... .. metal 

8. Clarionet and Bassoon metal 



feet 



I. 


Lieblich Bourdon 


metal and 








wood ... 


16 


2. 

3- 


Open Diapason 
Rohr Gedact 


. . , metal . . . 
. . metal . . . 


S 

8 


4- 


Vox Angelica 


. . metal . . . 


8 


5- 


Wakl Flute 


. wood . . . 


4 


6. 

7- 


Principal ... 

Fifteenth ... 


. . metal 

. metal ... 


4 

2 


8. 


Mixture, 3 ranks 


.. metal 




9- 
10. 
11. 


Contra Fagotti 

Cornopean 

Oboe 


. . metal 
.. metal .. 
.. metal 


16 
8 
8 


12. 


Clarion 


.. metal 


4 



feet 



1. Swell to Great 

2. Swell to Choir 

3. Swell to Pedal 



COUPLERS. 



(ireat to Pedal 
Choir to Pedal 
Pedal Action 



10 Composition Pedals. 
SUMMARY OF PIPES. 



Great Organ.. 
Swell Organ .. 
Choir Organ.. 
Pedal Organ.. 



728 pipes. 
772 „ 
436 ,, 
243 M 

2,179 



At the south side of the church, near to the chancel, there is 
a spacious surplice vestry, which is separated from the body of 
the church by a grained screen. In the surplice vestry we find 



ST. LAWRENCE CHURCH. 71 

the only mural monument which the building contains. It bears 
the following inscription : — 

To the memory of Joseph Banks of Pudsey who entered into his rest on the 20th 
day of October 1858 at the age of 46. This monument is erected by his friends in 
affectionate rememberance of his humble patient and truly christian demeanour in 
every relation of life, and especially as a memorial of his zeal, devotion and untiring 
labours as the superintendent of the Redcliffe Lane Sunday School during a period of 
twenty-eight years. 

Then there is the quotation of the text from Revelation 14 ch. 
and 13th verse. 

On the west wall there is a list of benefactions, painted on 
wood, and it reads as follows : — 

James Lupton, gentleman, 6th Nov. 17 15 devised a close called Dick Royd to 
Trustees upon trust to pay;^3 annually to a Dissenting Minister settled in Pudsey, the 
residue of the rent thereto to such poor persons as being legally settled and subsist 
without the town's allowance. Mr. Gibson gave £40 to the poor of Pudsey which 
same is in the town's hand. The interest of it is dealt by the Overseers at the school 
every New Year's Day. Mr. Whiteley gave a rent charge of ros. out of the Old Fold 
and lands adjoining now the estate of Mr. W. Farrer and Elizabeth and Mary Pearson. 
Gervase Nevile Esq of Holbeck, 13th May 1726 bequeathed £^ to the use of the poor 
of Pudsey the interest thereof to be distributed in bread half-yearly in Pudsey Chapel. 
Mr. Jacob Simpson surgeon of Leeds in the year 1737 gave ^100 the interest to be 
applied to use of poor housekeepers and the Education of poor children at the dis- 
cretion of Mr. Richard Hey. Mr. Gregory Milner gave twenty shillings yearly to the 
curate of Pudsey Chapel. Mr. Peter Turner left by will £2 yearly to the said curate. 
In 1710 the intakes were enclosed by the consent of Jno. Milnes, Esq., Walter 
Calverley, Esq , and the freeholders of Pudsey. Mr. Kent gave ^100, by subscription 
;!^ioo, Queen Anne's Bounty ;^200 with which ^^400 purchase was made of lands in 
Bramley and Pudsey in 1736 for augmentation of this living. 

Henry Senior, ^, , i 

Robert Parkinson, Churchwardens. 

In the north side of the churchyard there is a very hand- 
somely decorated monument, which is enclosed with iron railings. 
The monument is of a costly character, and is beautifully executed 
in design. It bears the following inscription : — 

Sacred to the memory of Alice, the wife of Jonas Rayner, drysalter, of Pudsey, 
who died April 3, 1853, aged 29 years. Christ is all. 

Near to the last-named there is a large stone monument sur- 
mounted by a representation of a chalice and pall. There are 
four panels, three of which bear inscriptions relating to the 
interments of the Stowe family. On the south panel there is the 
following inscription : — 

Sacred to the memory of Fredk. Stowe of W'est Field House Bramley, who 
departed this life 22nd of August 1856, aged 58. 

A massive polished granite headstone bears the following : — 

In memory of John Wade, cloth manufacturer, Littlemoor, Pudsey, born March 
18, 1822 ; died August 8th, 1866. 



72 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

In connection with a tombstone, to be found near 
to the footway on the south side of he church, there is 
a very remarkable and interesting story. Opposite to the 
church there is a spacious house, at one time occupied by 
Mr. Clarkson, the curator. It was formerly the dwelling 
of Mr. Carlyle, who had " one fair daughter, whom he 
loved passing well." A " young palmer in love's eye " named 
Joseph Blackburn, had won her affections. They had, how- 
ever, some difficulty in conversing together, because her father 
was determinedly opposed to the match. His passion was 
aroused whenever he heard the subject mentioned. Nevertheless, 
woman's ingenuity prevailed, and when the father thought that 
his household were a-bed, his daughter was exchanging her vows 
of eternal affection for the man she had chosen to be her future 
partner. There was a wide head-stone to the kitchen window. 
Young Blackburn was accustomed to climb up to that place. 
He stood on the head-stone and supported himself by taking 
hold, with his hands, of the sill of the window belonging to his 
fair Juliet's bedroom. There they pledged their affections. On 
one unlucky night, when the moon was shining brightly, old Mr. 
Carlyle thought he heard suspicious sounds outside the house. 
They were caused by young Blackburn climbing to the head- 
stone. He listened and at last came to the conclusion that 
burglars were at work. Seizing an old sword, he rushed to the 
kitchen, and through the window he saw the form of a man 
climbing up the wall. He thrust the sword through the top pane 
of glass, and sent the blade through the bowels of the unfortunate 
young Blackburn, just as he had clutched the sill of the bedroom 
window at which his lady-love was waiting to receive him. 
Blackburn died of his wounds soon afterwards in the presence 
of his sweetheart. Her father was not punished, the law con- 
sidering that there was no malicious intent to injure Blackburn, 
but, thinking he was attacking a burglar, Carlyle's offence became 
one of justifiable homicide. On the tomb alluded to there is the 
following inscription : — 

In memory of Joseph Blackburn, who died on the 25th day of 
May, 1826, aged 31 years. 
Sharp was the stroke that did appear. 

Which took my life away, 
O, reader, then for Heaven prepare 

On earth you cannot stay, 
The moon gave light, he took sight 
Through the top pane I lost my life. 

It is said that afterwards the house was haunted ; noises like 
the slamming of doors were heard in the night, and the inmates 



ST. LAWRENCE CHURCH. 73 

had often been disturbed from their rest. For eight months a 
policeman lodged in the house. One, morning he inquired if 
anybody had left their bedroom in the night. Being answered 
in the negative, he expressed his suprise, for he declared that one 
of the doors had been slammed so forcibly against the casement 
that he thought somebody was knocking it down. A heated 
imagination had more to do with the noises than the ghost of 
the unfortunate young Blackburn. His brother still resides on 
property belonging to the family in Pudsey. 

On an old-fashioned tomb the following reference is made 
to the death of one of the " clerks in holy orders" at this church : — 

In memory of the Rev. David Jenkins, incumbent of Pudsey, who departed this 
life August 21, 1854, in the 68th year of his age and the 43rd year of his ministry at 
Pudsey ; also of Harriett wife of David Jenkins, clerk, the incumbent of Pudsey, who 
died 17th April 1824, aged 36. Christ is all and in alL 

The following ludicrous epitaph is on the tomb of Joseph 
Allott, smith, of Pudsey, who died January 19, 1850, aged 57 : — 

My stithy and hammer I declined, 

My bellows too have lost their wind, 

My fire's extinguished, and my forge decayed. 

And in the dust my vice is laid ; 

My coals is spent, my iron is gone, 

My last nail's driven, my work is done. 

The above is almost a copy from an old tombstone in Staly- 
bridge (old St George's) churchyard. When the roof of the 
church at Pudsey was being slated, a serious and fatal accident 
happened. Its nature is explained in the following inscription 
cut upon a slate headstone, at the west side of the churchyard : — 

In memory of John Johnson, blue slater, a native of Bowness in Westmoreland, 
who unfortunately lost his life by a fall at this church on the 6th day of August, 1823, 
aged 23 years. This stone is erected as a tribute of respect to his memory by his 
employers, namely, Messrs. Heavyside and Rennison of Leeds, blue slaters. 

On a tombstone over Mrs. Boys is the following epitaph :— 

Respected by many, hated by few 

Lived Seventy-one years and then bid adieu 

Another tomb records the decease of the daughter of John and 
Ann Halliday, of Pudsey Lowtown, which event happened on the 
17th of July, 1 83 1, at the age of 14 years. There is the following 
epitaph : — 

Early my race on earth was run 

My parents' darling, I 
Escaped the pains beneath the sun 

To reign with Christ on high. 

The church, as we have already indicated, is dedicated to 
St. Lawrence — the patron saint of the curriers, because his skin 
was broiled on a gridiron. In the pontificate of Sextus I., he 



74 



HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



was charged with the care of the poor, the orphans, and the 
widows. In the prosecution of Valerian, being summoned to 
dehver up the treasures of the Church, he produced the poor, etc., 
under his charge, and said to the praetor, " These are the Church's 
treasures." In Christian art he is generally represented holding 
a gridiron in his hand. He is the subject of one of the principal 
hymns of Prudentius. 

The living is a vicarage worth ;^300 a year, with vicarage 
house added. There have been only three ministers, the Rev. 
David Jenkins, who was incum- 
bent at the old chapel and new 
church from 1814 to 1854, a 
period of forty years ; the Rev. 
Henry John Graham, M.A., and 
the Rev. R. B. Thompson.* Mr. 
Graham commenced his ministry 
in 1854, and remained until 1882, 
when he resigned, on account of 
failing health. On leaving Pudsey 
the rev. gentleman was presented 
with a service of silver plate and 
a timepiece, as a token of the 
admiration and esteem in which 
he was held by his parishioners. 
During Mr. Graham's term of Rev. d. Jenkins. 

ofhce,t the incumbency was raised to a vicarage. It is in the gift 
of the Vicar of Calverley, who, in 1882, offered the living to the 
Rev. R. B. Thompson, the present esteemed minister. He 
had previously held curacies at Longwood and Kirkburton, and 
for six years was vicar of Thurstonland, all in Yorkshire. Mr. 
Thompson holds evangelical views, is a thoroughly earnest 
minister, a good visitor and preacher, and a useful member of 
the School Board. 

Mr. Thompson came to Pudsey from the Parish of St. Giles- 
in-the-Fields, London, where he was engaged in mission work 
under Canon Nesbit, the rector. 

CURATES. 

1843-51 Rev. William Lee Howarth, B. A. 

,. Geo. Robinson, St. Bees' Coll. 
1869, Feby. 21 ,, John Cartman, Trin. Coll., Dublin. 




* During Mr. Jenkins' incumbency, James Gambles did penance in the church for having 
insulted the incumbent by calling him up during the night under the pretence that he was wanted to 
go to pray with his wife, which was done for a ' lark," and in order to stay law proceedings James 
consented to do penance 

t On the death of the Rev. Alfred Brown, M.A., Vicar of Calverley. 



i873, Sep. 


21 


1878, Dec. 


21 


1882, Dec. 


27 


1884, Uec. 


13 


1885, July 


6 


,, ,, 


28 



ST. PAUL'S CHURCH. 75 

21 Rev. Thomas Patterson Mullins, B.A., Trin., Coll. Dublin. 
Henry Lister, London Div. College, 
Matthew Shaw. 

Donald Tate Milligan, B.A., Trin. Coll., Dublin. 
Daniel Thomas. 
Augustus Inman Gibson. 

In January, 1884, the old town's school at Littlemoor, was 
opened as a mission room in connection with St. Lawrence 
Church. The school had undergone a thorough renovation, and 
been made suitable for the purposes of the mission. 

In 1885, a second mission church was opened in Waterloo, 
where cottage meetings had been held for some time. On 
Saturday afternoon, July 25th, two corner stones for the erection 
of an iron church, to be called St. James's Mission Church, were 
laid in the presence of a large concourse of spectators. The 
proceedings were under the management of the Rev. R, B. 
Thompson, the Vicar, and, after singing and prayer, silver trowels 
and polished mallets were presented to Mrs. J. H. Dawson and 
Miss Harriet T. Beaumont, with which they laid the cornerstones. 
The building is in the shape of a cross. Along the arms of this 
cross the width of the building will be about forty-eight feet. 
The pews and roof are of ordinary pitch-pine. The church cost 
;^400, and will seat 250 people. There is a small but powerful 
organ in one corner of the chancel. The erection is surmounted 
by a spire and belfry, with bell. A beautiful communion service 
was presented to the church by Mr. John Keenan, of Bramley, 
and a brass alms dish, presented by Mrs. Thompson. There is 
also a table and an altar desk, presented by the Rev. D. T. 
Milligan, who has charge of the mission ; a font by Mr. Thorpe, 
of Chapeltown ; reredos by Miss H. T. Beaumont, and other 
gifts, from Mrs. Armitage, Mrs. Moss, Mr. John Halliday, and 
Mr. George Armitage. 

^t. 5^au.'£{, ^ut(g£^,* is an ecclesiastical parish, formed 9 June, 
i846,t from the parish of Calverley. The church was built in 
1853, and consecrated by the Bishop of Ripon, on 18 June, i856.§ 
The register dates from 1856. The living is a vicarage, gross 
yearly value .^150, and is in the gift of the crown and the Bishop 
of Ripon alternately. The population of the parish is about 
2,500. The church is close to Stanningley Station, and is a neat 

'■■'■ The /(Jf^a/ address is St. Paul's, Stanningley. 

t London Gazette, 19 June, 1846, pp. 2133-4-5-6. 

§ For an account of the speeches, see The Leeds l?itel(i^encer, 21 June, 1856. 



76 



HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



Stone building in the early English style of architecture. It con- 
sists of a nave, 65ft. 6in. long, and 24ft. 6in. wide ; north and 
south transepts, each 22ft. 4in. by i8ft. 3in., opening into the 
nave by lofty arches ; chancel, 21ft. by 22ft. 3in. ; south porch ; 
tower at the N.W. angle of the nave and north transept ; vestry 
at the S.E. angle of the chancel and south transept. There are 
four pendant lights in the nave, one in each transept, and four 
standards on the choir stalls. There is a small gallery for 




St. Paul's Church. 

children at the west end of the nave, and an organ chamber on 
the north side of the chancel, which opens into the nave by an 
arch. The tower is surmounted by a broad spire, and the height 
of the tower and spire is 90ft. The windows in the north and 
south sides of the nave, transepts, and chancel, are narrow single 
lancets. The chancel window is a triplet with foiled heads, 
under one hood-mould. The west window has four lancets and 



ST. PAUL'S CHURCH. 



77 



super-imposed quatre-foil. and hood-mould. The north and 
south entrance doors have lancet heads. There is also a vesica 
light in the east gable. All the roofs are opened and gabled ; 
they are made with arched ribs, which spring from stone corbels ; 
where the transepts intersect the nave, the roof has diagonal 
ribs. All the seats are free. The pulpit stands on a stem, and 
is placed on the north side of the chancel arch. The chancel 
floor is raised two steps, and the sacrarium one step. The 
whole of the roof-timbers, seats, communion-rails, pulpit, desk, 
and all the wood fittings in the interior, except the new choir 
stalls, are of deal, stained. The stone-work is of hammer- 
dressed wallstones, with stone dressings to the windows, doors, 
buttresses, porch, tower lights, etc. The whole structure is plain, 
but substantial. The church will seat 550 persons, and yet it 
originally cost less than ^1,300. The architects were Messrs. 
Perkin and Backhouse, of Leeds. The north side of the church 
is enclosed by neat iron railing, upon a stone plinth ; and upon 
the south side is a small grave-yard. 

During 1885 and 1886 considerable improvements were 
made in the church. New oak choir stalls, a new choir vestry, 
a new communion table, and new warming apparatus were pro- 
vided. Tiles were laid in the chancel and the interior was 
decorated. A new organ, costing about ^200, built by Mr. J. 
Murgatroyd, of Bradford, was placed in the church. New 
chalice, paten, and ornaments for the communion table (costing 
iJ"3o) were given. 

A new school, to accommodate about 400 adults at a meet- 
ing, and a corresponding number of children for Sunday school, 
was erected in 1885 upon a portion of the glebe adjoining the 
vicarage, at a cost of about ;^6oo. The architect was Mr. G. C. 
Gamble, of Bradford. 

The sum of ^1,200 was asked for by the new vicar and 
churchwardens for the purpose of these alterations, and the fact 
that this sum has been all raised speaks much for the congrega- 
tion's lively interest in church work. 

VICARS OF ST. PAUL'S, PUDSEY. 

Instituted 1846 Rev. George Marshall, B.A., Trin. Coll., Dublin, 

M.A., 1844; Deacon, 1844; Pr.. 1845 ; d. 25 Nov. 1884, cet. 6r. 

Instituted 1S84, April 10, Rev. Montagu Cyril Bickersteth, of New Coll., Ox- 
ford, B.A., 18S1 ; M.A., 1883; Deacon, 1882; Pr., 1883; from All Saints', 
Bradford. 

CURATE. 

Instituted 1SS6. Aug. 5. Rev. Francis W. Toms, of Exeter Coll.. Oxford, B.A., 
1S79; M.A., 1881; Deacon, 1880; Priest, 1882. 



CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 'J<^ 

CHURCHWARDENS. 

From 1866. — Messrs. J. E. Strickland, James Bennett, Enoch Burrows, Thos. 
Henry Peel, Thos. Child, Geo. Gordon, Richard Shepherd, John Holdsworth, 
Jonathan Whitaker, Edward Barraclough, John Metcalfe, Thomas Harrison, J. 
Greaves, L. Varley, Nathan Halliday, John Atkinson, Fred. Waterford, C. E. 
Vickers, Wm. Rodger, T. Sunderland, Wm. Harrison Boyes, James Rider, John 
Holdsworth, Chas. Newby, William King, Jos. Sunderland, C. E. Vickers, J. B. 
Knowles, J. J. Barraclough. 

SIDESMEN. 

Messrs. F. Strickland, J. Stake, Benj. Verity, Jas. Waterhouse, W. Hains- 
worth, J. E. B. Armitage, J. J- Barraclough, W. H. Vickers, T. Barnes, A. Harman, 
G. R. Smith, C. E. Vickers." 

Congregational <!DfjurcIj. — The history of the Independent or 
Congregational Church at Pudsey shows that it can take its 
rank amongst the oldest of the Protestant Nonconformist 
Churches of the West Riding of Yorkshire. Its origin is clearly 
traceable to the memorable year of 1662, when we are told 2,000 
ministers were compelled to leave the Established Church, and 
to abandon all their hopes and prospects in life for the sake of 
principle and conscience. At that time, and for nearly fifty 
years before, the village of Pudsey was blest by the labours of 
a zealous, faithful, and honoured minister of Christ, in the person 
of the Rev. Elkanah Wales, M.A., who was born at Idle, in 158S. 
Having been educated at Cambridge, he accepted the poor 
curacy of the Chapel at Pudsey, in 1614, and laboured faithfully 
until he was ejected in 1662* 

Though Mr. Wales was forced away, there still remained 
another one, able and willing to carry on the work in which he 
had been engaged, viz.: — The Rev. James Sale, who was born 
at Pudsey, in 1619. He became assistant minister at St. John's 
Church, Leeds, and was ejected in 1662. His wife was one of 
the Richardsons of North Bierley. Faith, the daughter of Mr. 
Sale, married the Rev. Thomas Sharp, who was minister at Adel 
Church until 1662, when he was ejected. Another of the 
daughters of Mr. Sale, Beatrix, was married to the Rev. Richard 
Hutton, of Pudsey. 

After his ejectment from Leeds he preached constantly in 
his own house at Pudsey, and after the Declaration of Indulgence 
in 1672, his house was registered as a preaching place for the 
Nonconformists. Oliver Heywood was a frequent visitor at his 
house, as he records in his interesting diary. Whilst he resided 
at Pudsey, he was one of the four ministers who preached at Mill 
Hill Presbyterian Chapel, Leeds. " He was a learned and good 
man, of fine parts, and an excellent preacher," says Calamv's 

" For further particulars respecting Mr. Wales, see pp. 47-50 



OLD INDEI'ENDENT CHAPEL. Si 

Nonconforuiist Memorial. He died at his own house* at Pudsey, 
after a hngering disease on the 17th of April, 1679, and was 
buried in the south aisle of Calverley Church, where his tombstone 
may still be seen. His widow^ Beatrix Sale, and several of their 
children are also buried there.j 

At this early period, the religious meetings of Nonconfor- 
mists were generally held in priv^ate houses, though sometimes, but 
not often, their preachers were allowed to preach in the churches 
or chapels of the Establishment. Mr. Heywood writes, — 

On the Saturday night (Nov. 9, 1667), I preacht at a gentleman's house at Pudsey. 

Jan. 30, '68-9, my wife and I went to Pudsey, there I preacht on the Lord's day 
without disturbance in the chapel, had a numerous congregation, and much assistance. 
Oh blessed day. 

In March, he again preached in the chapel to " a mighty 
confluence of people." After being disturbed by the constable 
and church-warden at Bramley, Dec, 27, 1670, he " visited Mr. 
Milner at Pudsey, preacht that night at Rich : Farrars, lodged at 
Grace Balmes, and the day after, being Thursday, I called of 
Mr. Saile and came home." 

At most of their meetings, these congregations had the fear 
of being disturbed by constables. 

Referring to the persecutions and annoyances to which the 
Nonconformists were subject, and after some remarks on the great 
success of his ministry, Mr. Heywood wrote on June 23, 1673, 

Indeed I am willing to believe that God drew me forward to preach abroad at 
Hunslet, Bramley, Farsley, Pudsey, Morley, and Idle, in public, when multitudes of 
people flocked together to hear, and were affected at a time when none did or durst 
venture on the important work of preaching the Gospel, also in private houses in 
various places. 

Soon after this, the persecution of the Nonconformists was 
carried to the utmost extent. The king, Charles H., issued his 
commands to the justices, "to use their utmost endeavours to 
suppress all conventicles and meetings upon pretence of religious 
worship." 

Bishop Burnet says in his History of his own Times, — 

The persecution of the Dissenters was carried very high in 1684. They were 
not only proceeded against for going to conventicles, but for not going to church, and 
for not receiving the Sacrament. 

* There is an old house situated at Greentop, Pudsey, which I believe was Mr. Sale's resi- 
dence. Inside one of tlie rooms are some heraldic designs, in stucco, which I have copied, and the 
initials " I.B.S., 1651," which are undoubtedly the initials of James and Beatrix S le. I have also 
examined the Parish Registers and cannot find any other names at this period whose initials will 
correspond to those given. I have had a photograph taken of the house, from which the accompanying 
illustration has been taken. Mr. Sale paid Hearth Tax for seven Hearths in 1666, being the largest 
number paid for by any one person in Pudsey ; and Mr. Elk : Wales paid for four Hearths in the 
same year. 

t See The Brad/ord Aniigitary 3.nA 77;? F(7r>^f^?Vi?wa«, also numerous entries in Hevwood's 
Diaries, and Holroyd's Collectniiea Brari/ordinna, pp. 107 and 114, and Caherley Registeis, 
ii. p. T92. 



82 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

In 1685, Mr. Heywood was incarcerated in York Castle, 
where he remained for nearly twelve months. At this time the 
prisons were crowded with them, and many died in confinement. 
The king, Charles 1 1., died, and was succeeded by his brother, 
James II., who in 1688 was succeeded by William and Mary. 
Soon after their establishment on the throne, the renowned 
Toleration Act was passed, and freedom of religious worship was 
secured to the Dissenters by law. Meeting-houses were opened 
and chapels were built in various parts of the country, as the 
following extracts will show : — 

At Leeds, July, 1690, att the Quarter Sessions, the l:)arn late Win. Lepton's, 
Pudsey, was registered for preaching on application signed by Richard Hutton, Abra- 
ham Hainsworth, John Rudde, Richard Ffarrer. 

At Pontefract, April, 1694, the House of Abm. Hainsworth in Pudsey, and barn 
recorded for religious worship. 

At the Quarter Sessions at Wakefield, Oct., 1694, the House of Beatrix Sayll, 
widdow, Pudsey, was registered on the application of Richard Hutton, who was her 
son-in-law. 

At Wakefield, Oct. 1695, the barn late Wm. Lepton's was again recorded for 
preachings. 

Here then we have the first dates, 1690 and 1694, of distinct 
registered meeting places, after the house of Mr. Sale, 1672, con- 
nected with Nonconformity in Pudsey. In Oct., 1695, Mr. 
Heywood writes that he preached at the new chapel at Pudsey. 
This was one of the barns before mentioned, and was fitted up 
as a place for worship, and it stood where the Free Methodist 
Chapel now stands. It has been handed down by tradition, that 
on the occasion when Mr. Heywood preached, referring to the 
barn doors, he said : — " Friends, you have a pair of brave church 
doors." The barn was used as a barn again after the friends pur- 
chased an ox-barn in Chapeltown, in 1708, and erected a chapel 
there. 

A fund was established in London for the aid of Noncon- 
formist meeting houses and poor ministers, and the Rev. Richard 
Stretton, of London, formerly of Leeds, had to do with its 
distribution in this part of the country. The money was for- 
warded by him to Mr. Ralph Thoresby, of Leeds, with the names 
of the places to which it was to be sent. In Thoresby'S Corres- 
pondence is a letter from Mr. Stretton, dated July 31st, 1707, in 
which the sum of ;j^3 is sent for Pudsey for half-a-year ; and 
again, in another letter, March 9th, 1709-10, ^6 is sent for one 
year for the Nonconformist meeting house at Pudsey. 

The next minister of whom we have any account after the 
death of Mr. James Sale, is the Rev. John Ray, and to Hey- 
WOOD's Northowram Register \nq. are indebted for the information, 



OLD INDEPENDENT CHAPEL. 83 

He resided at Gomersal, " died of a feaver Sept. 1 7, buiyed at 
Burstall Sept. 20, 1699, aged 40, preacher at Pudsey and Closes." 
At Birstal Church I found his burial registered as follows : — 
John Ray, of Little Gomersall, tlie 20th clay of September, 1699. 

In the list of students who were under the tuition of the 

Rev. Richard Franklin, at Rathmell, and other places, from 1669 

to 1698, 1 find that John Ray was admitted March 30, 1676. In 

Heywood's N orthoivrani Register his marriage, 1688-9, is thus 

recorded : — 

Mr John Ray of Gomersall and Susannah dau. of Mr. Dickson clark of Whit- 
church, ffebr. 

In The Rise of the Old Dissent, by JOSEPH Hunter, 
F.S.A., Mr. Ray is mentioned with other ministers as being en- 
gaged in fasts and thanksgivings with Mr. Hcywood, in 1684; 
and on Wednesday, Sep. 4, 1689, his ordination, along with 
several others, took place at a meeting of ministers at Alverthorpe, 
being the first ordination held after the passing of the Toleration 
Act, at which Mr. O. Heywood was engaged, The other minis- 
ters who also took part in the ordination were : — Mr. Wm. 
Hawden, of Wakefield ; Mr. Thos. Johnson, of Painthorpe ; Mr. 
Nailor, of Alverthorpe, and Mr. Joseph Dawson, of Morley. 

The name of John Ray appears in the Sessions Rolls, 
amongst others who recorded the opening of a house for religious 
worship at Alverthorpe ; also of another house belonging to 
Joseph Walker, of Burstall, called the Closes (which was situated 
between Birstal and Cleckhcaton). In MlALL's History of Con- 
gregationalism in Yorkshire, p. 248, it is stated that the 

Rev. John Holdsvvorth, of Cleckheaton. seems to have regularly exchanged 
services with the Rev. John Ray, Pudsey. 

Mr. MlALL says, at p. 336 : — " In 1708, mention is made of 
the death of the Rev. Richard Hutton, of Pudsey." He was the 
son-in-law of the Rev. James Sale, but Mr. Miall does not state 
where the mention is made. It is just probable that Mr. Hutton 
might be a lay preacher, as was sometimes the case with country 
gentlemen, to which class he belonged. We have seen that he 
took an active part in obtaining licences for preaching places in 
1690 and 1694.* 

His son, Richard Hutton,Esq.,of Pudsey, married, in January, 
1 7 10, Mary, the daughter of the Rev. Richard Thorpe, one of the 
ejected ministers, a man of property, and then a Nonconformist 
minister at Hopton. The Northowrain Register says : — 

Madam Hutton, buryed at Calverley, December 24th, a very useful womnn. 1 723. 

"For further particulars of him and his son, Richard Hutton, Esq., of Pudssj', see the 
Bradford Antiquary., p. 35. 



84 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Of her mother it says : — 

Madam Thorpe, of Mopton, died at her son-in-law's, Mr. Hutton's, at Pudsey, 
May 8th, bur. at Mirfield, May 12th, 1725. 

Also :— Mr. Richard Hutton, of Pudsey, died at Mr. Markham's in Hunslet 
Lane, near Leeds, July 20th, 1729. 

The date of the first Trust Deed belonging to the place 
bears date 1708. The four trustees therein named, viz. : — 

John Pearson, the elder, clothier ; Samuel Ilinchliffe, the elder, clothier ; 
Richard Farrer, clothier ; and Joseph Lepton, gentleman, all of Pudsey, 

purchase a " Barne, commonly called the Ox-Barne," and the 
ground on which it stood, situated in Pudsey. The Barne to be 
pulled down and a new erection to be builded, or the Barne to 
be repaired and converted into " a meeting-place for one or more 
minister or ministers, called Dissenting Protestants, to preach 
therein." 

Mr. Joseph Lepton (late of Pudsey) died at Great Gomersall, Dec. 10, left an 
Estate of abt. 200 p. ann. 

Another subsequent Deed states that at the cost of the 
trustees named above, and other persons, Protestant Dissenters, 
" the Ox-Barne was pulled down," and a building erected which 
had been used " as a meeting-house or place of religious worship 
by Protestant Dissenters from the Church of England, dis- 
tinguished by the name of Presbyterians," and that the said 
meeting-house, etc., should " be at all times hereafter made use 
of as a place of religious worship by Protestant Dissenters from 
the Established Church of England, whether they be of the 
Presbyterian or the Congregational persuasion, provided always 
that the place did not cease to be a meeting-house through the 
restraint or prohibition of the Civil Government or otherwise." 

By a Deed dated 18 June, 1722, John Milner, Dr. in Physick, 
Lord of the Manor of Pudsey, conveyed on a lease of " nine 
hundred and ninety-nine years " a plot of ground on the north 
side of the meeting-house " with liberty to erect and build a 
Laith or Barne thereon — for the Congregation which should 
assemble in the meeting-house aforesaid. The building was 
erected " adjoining to the Meeting-house," and "contained a 
stable and chamber over the same." It was for the use of those 
who came from the neighbouring villages on horseback, in which 
to put their horses during Divine service. 

The dates of the various Deeds appointing new trustees, 
etc., are respectively 1728, 1764, 1782, 1792, 1810, 1831, 1846, 
i860, and 1879. Space forbids the notice of these various in- 
teresting documents and the list of names contained therein. 
However, we have seen that a house was licensed for worship in 



REV. ELKANAH BERRV. 



^5 



1672, a barn in 1690, houses in 1694, and another barn purchased 
in 1708 and a chapel built. In 1722 ground was purchased for 
vestry, etc. In 1782, the minister's house, etc., was purchased 
for £17$. In 1792 the ground was purchased for a graveyard 
and for a site for a new chapel at a cost of £1^1 7s. 6d., and 
again additional land was purchased for enlarging burial ground 
in 1846, at a cost of ^170 i6s. 3d. 

The Rev. Elkanah Berry is the next minister of whom we 
have any account. His ministry evidently commenced in 17 10, 
as I have fortunately obtained the Register of Baptisms* by him, 
in his own hand-writing, while he was minister at Pudsey, from 
1 7 10 to 1 7 17. The Reg : contains 91 names of baptisms, and 
as shewing the extent of his congregation and personal friends, 
I give their places of residence, viz. : — Pudsey, Farsley, Stanning- 
ley, Bramley, Rodley, Woodhall, Owl-coats, Shipden-head, Soyt- 
hill, Cottingley, Bowling, Will-greave, Shayes, Ouarrie-Gap, 
Eccleshill Park, Horseforth, and Ravvden. The following is 





A Register of the Communicant! 


5 at our Chapp'l in Pudsey, names and 


places of 


residence, etc., Discoursd, Proposed, . 


Admitted. 














E. Berry, Minister and ye unwoi 


'thy Pastor. 
















Discrd. 


Propsd. 


Adm 


td. 


romm. 


I 


E. Berry, Minister 


1713 












2 


Isaac Smith, Farsley 


May 19 


do. 




Aug. 


24 


Oct. 4 


3 


James Senyer, Earsley 


do. 19 


do. 










4 


John vStrickland, Farsley 


do. 20 


do. 




Aug. 


28 


do. 4 


5 


Samuel Hinchliffe, Jun., Pudsey 


do. 20 


do, 




do. 


28 


do. 4 


6 


Richard Constantino, Farsley 


do. 20 


do. 




do. 


28 


do. 4 


7 


John Smith, Tong 


do. 20 


do. 




do. 


28 


do. 4 


8 


John Hinchlifte, Pudsey 


do. 27 


do. 




do. 


28 


do. 4 


9 


Christopher Hall, Bankhouse 


do. 28 


do. 




do. 


28 


do. 4 


10 


Wm. Fenton, Snr., Pudsey 


June 16 


do. 




do. 


28 


do. 4 


II 


John Pearson, Senr , Pudsey 


July 24 


do. 




do. 


28 


do. 4 


12 


Sarah Scott, Drighlington 


Aug 9 


do. 




do. 


28 


do. 4 
1714 

do. 4 


13 


Wm. Rogers, Sen., Pudsey 


do. 10-15 


do. 




do. 


28 


14* 


Hannah Hinchcliffe, Bankhouse 


Oct. 19 


Jan. 


8 


do. 


28 


Jan. 10 


15 


Joshua Gant, Little Moor 


do. 23 


Jan. 


8 


do. 


28 


do. 10 


16 


Mary Banks, Bramley 


Dec. 25 


do. 


8 


do. 


28 


do. 10 












Transient 


1713 


17* 


Christopher Wise, Pudsey 








Aug. 


28 


Oct. 4 


18 


Hannah Smith, Farsley 


Transient . 


Mem 


.. Aug. 
1714 

Mar. 


28 


Jan. 10 


19 
20 


c£ianlEll-orth,Willgreave 


do. 


do. 




26 


,Mar. :8 
1 Mar. 28 


21 


Eliz. Pearson, Pudsey 


Mar. 16 


Mar. 


26 


May 


21 


May 23 


22 


Martha Lumby, Stanningley 


do. 14 


do. 


26 


July 23 


July 25 


23 


Willm. Rogers, Jun. , Pudsey 


May 5-20 


May 


21 


do. 
1714- 


23 
1715 


do. 25 


24 


Benjamin Cromack, Pudsey 


Nov. 17 


Nov. 


19 


fan. 


20 


Jan. 23 


25 


Mary Dobson, Widd 


Jan. 17-15 


Jan. 


20 


Mar 


. 18 


Mar 20 


26 


Teremiah Smith, Farsley July 5 Sep. 13 


Sep. 


23 


Dec. 


. 2 


Dec. 4 


27 


Martha Hinchclifif 


Sep. 2 1 


Sep. 


23 


Dec. 




Dec. 4 



* Printed in Margerison's Calvei-ley Parish Registers, Vol III. 



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Limtai/im^ ,^ri Account. af6(c 9lajn.u ^cvr-, 




Vi /Lmu^Art^fiiiV/D^yyA,. o^^^~T^^^ T^, 



MraX, <^cT^ ^ajn£jji Ja.r-a/C,6iifv-et~6 . <Faxfe/k 






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i/ttfi-.ia. 



Samu, A/L o^ JffyajCa^^P/CtG:. ^,xtit\T^.iyffk' A/^'^'^'^- 




%^j^Joi ^t^/Cmvn. ^ ^%L^«yi. /'^*.n^e^. 



fftau 1.6': ^mjL, 14} 



97lAU 13. 



-ifZavrta 



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Ay. 

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'flru: O^. 02c tO^. 










Facsimile of Rev. E. Berry's Register. 



E. BERRY*S REGISTER. 8/ 

On one page of the Register Mr. Berry writes : — 

Reed Apr. 20th 17 15, of ye Woril and Revd the Trustees and Manager of 
ye Lady Hewley's Charity by the hands of ye Revd Dr. Colton ye sum of three 
pounds, ten shillings being given me by ye said Trustees and Manager out of the 
Charity.— E: B: 

In addition to the Register of Communicants, there is, in 
this MS. volume, which is foolscap size, the following interesting 
items. 

On the first page the volume has the following entry : — 

Ex Libris El: Berry. Pret. O. G. Ao. 1706. 

It contains 173 pp. of small MS., dated 1661, on the revision of 
the Book of Common Prayer and the emendations as proposed 
by the Presbyterians of that day ; several pages giving Acts of 
Parliament affecting the Noncomformists, etc. ; a register of 
baptisms by the pastor at Pudsey, 17 10 to 1717; the last entry 
being, " John, son of Luke and Elizabeth Matthewman, Barnsley, 
bapt. Dec. 15th, 1717." Mr. J. Horsfall Turner, of Idle, to whom 
I am indebted for this MS., found the name of" Mr. Elcana Berry, 
dissenting minister, Pudsey," and others, who were " lyable to 
take the oath to His Majesty and Government according to the 
Act of 1715." 

The volume contains 51 pages of a daily record of the 
" mercury," the state of the weather, wind, etc., from 1740 to 
1749, besides other notes occasionally interspersed. A few of 
those I give, which may be of use in helping to find out who 
was the writer of this diary, and where he resided. He seems to 
have been residing in Lancashire at that time. Many of the 
items are in shorthand, so cannot now be made out : — 

1740. May 31, mentions " Mr, Ilorrocks." .... I Day. 

J presume this would most probably be Mr. Horrocks, the 
astronomer, in Lancashire. 

1743. Nov. 9, mentions Mr. Heskelh, of Bolton 

,, Nov. 20 Mr. Holden here 

1744. Jan 5, Frosty, cold. Comet vis. 

Comet mentioned several times in January and February. 

1774. Aug. 13, at Halifax ... 

,, Sep. II. Tuesday, the 11. Little Bolton wler and that next took down. 
Ellis Crompton wier took av^^ay, the Battlement of Ateley or Staley 
Bridge. Several others damaged exceedingly. Thursday 13. 

1745. Jan. 29, Snow, Hazy, Rainy at night. Mr. Scot 

,, Feb. 27 At Mr. Pilkington. 

1746. April 26 Went into Yorkshire. 

„ May 15, Came home, exceedingly hot. 

1747. July 5, Fair day, Mr. Kenion Died a ter 12. 

,, Aug. 2, "Went into Yorkshire, returned Sepr. 4. 



88 HISTORY OF PUDSEY, 

Most of the blanks after the extracts are in shorthand, while 
those before are items generally on the weather. 

The following paragraphs are taken from the miscellaneous 

notes in the volume : — 

To Genll. Stanhope. 
Whene'er you fought the Haughty Foes were broke ; 
The Priest, more Haughty, Trembled when you spoke. 
Thus Jove th' aspiring Gyants drove to Hell, 
By Light'ning some, some stun'd by Thunder fell. 

Blest Spain! whilst such a sword Defends thy Cause ; 

Blest we! whilst such a Tongue Protects our Laws. 
Had you been Consul, when devoted Rome 
Was Destin'd to an almost Fatall Doom, 
Not Statues onely had preserv'd your Fame, 
But Alters would have bore your Sacred Name. 

Let Lesser Merit thus in Marble live ; 

Your Glory shall the solid Brass Survive: 

And the extremest Ages shall be taught 

How well for Liberty You Spoke and Fought. 



You did Command & Fve obey'd 

And on a wheel these verses made. [M. B.] 

A wheel's an instrument that's of Great worth 

And I'll Indeavour briefly to set forth 

The Good it does produce, if possibly 

I can its use describe how orderly 

By its effects England enjoys a Trade 

Both foreign and Domestick, Good and Bad 

By it the poorer sort do earn their Bread 

By it (tho' wood) they are both fed & clad 

By it the Clothiers do imploy their hands 

By it the Merchants do enlarge their Lands, 

By it Cloath-dressers get great gain, 

And it all other Callings doth sustain 

By it our Beaus do Dress both Gay and fme 

By it we do Import good Lisbon Wine 

By it our Gallant Ladies you will see 

Drest in Rich Silk, Muslin and tafifaty. 

By it the Queen is Cloath'd & all the Court 

By it the London Merchants do Import 

Good store of Wealth from Diverse Parts 

If they their barges keep from Pirates Arts 

More things there are If I their names could Bring 

That does depend upon this whirling thing: 

For when this Engine runs most merrily 

Yorkshire is then in its prosperity. 

But tho' this mimick thing's so much admired 

And I myself from it am warm attir'd. 

And wast not for't might go, as Eve tlien did 

When she was in fair Eden's garden hid 

Yet all these Considerations cannot move 

Me, to this useful wheel to take a Love, 

For by it I almost such tortures feel 

As did poor Ixion on his wracking wheel 

In short tho' 'tis the gain of others, 'tis the bane of me, 

And I'll never swet l)ut for necessity. 



REV JOHN WAlNMAN. Bg 

In Dr. John Evans's MS. List of Presbyterian and Inde- 
pendent Chapels and Ministers, 17 17 to 1729, published in 
James's History of the Litigation and Legislation on Presbyterian 
Chapels, 1867, Mr. Berry's name appears as the pastor at Barns- 
ley, but it appears he did not stay there long, as I find in the 
NortJiowrani Reg. that 

Mr. Elkanah Berry, Minr. at Ilopton, died at his Father's, July 15, 1721. 

In Mr. Miall's LList. of Cong : in Yorks., p. 279, I learn 
that he had been at Hopton about one year. At this time, ac- 
cording to Dr. Evans's List, the congregation at " Pudsey near 
Bradforth " numbered 250 hearers, 21 of whom were freeholders 
and county voters, which shows that the congregation had a fair 
standing. 

Rev. Samuel Hollings was the next minister, and all that I 
can learn of him is contained in the two extracts from the 
Northozvrani Reg., as follows : — 

Mr. Sam HolHngs of Allerton and Mrs. Sarah Wood of Bramley, married May 
i5> 1721. 

Mr. Saml. Hollings, of Allerton, minister at Pudsey buried in Bradford Church, 
Febr. 19, 1725. 

His name is in Dr. Evans's List as the Pudsey minister, " died 
1725." He was succeeded by the 

Rev. John Wainman, who became minister in 1727 or 1728. 
He was a native of Bingley, and the son of the Rev. Thomas 
Wainman of that place. When his father died at Bingley in 
1746, it is said that he preached alternately at Pudsey and Bing- 
ley until the settlement of the Rev. Thos. Lilhe in 1754, and was 
much respected there. In Mr. DICKENSON'S North. Reg. it is 
recorded that 

Mr. John Wainman, minister at Pudsey, married Mrs. Sarah Hollings of Bram- 
ley, June 26, 1728. 

In the Chapel Trust Deed, 1728, Mr. Wainman's name 
appears as a witness to the signatures, and in the Deed, 1764, 
he was appointed one of the trustees along with others. 

One of his co-trustees, John Balme, named in this Deed, 
has left a curious and interesting MS. memoranda relating to 
the chapel. It gives an account of all the collections made from 
1762 to 1774 ; and also a very large number of the texts, with 
the names of the preachers who preached from them in the 
chapel from 1750 to 1794, when a new chapel was opened. In 
this MS. it is recorded that in March, 1762, a national fast day 
was kept, and that Mr. Wainman preached a special sermon on 
that occasion from James iv. 9-I0. DiCKENSON's Reg. records that 

Widow Hannah Wood died with her dr. Mrs. Wainman in Pudsey, luir. at 
Bramley. June 22, 1736. 



90 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

This proved pretty clearly that Mrs. Wainman was the 
widow of the previous minister, Mr. Saml. Rollings, whose wife 
was Sarah Wood. In the Bramley Church Register, I find that 
Mr. Wainman buried some of his children and his wife there, 
according to the following entries : — 

1 75 1, April 17. Elizabeth dr. of the Rev Mr. John Wainman, of Pudsey. 

1755, March 23. Mrs. Sarah Wainman wife of the Rev. Mr. John Wainman, 
Pudsey. 

1756, June 16. Joshua, son of the Rev. Mr. Wainman. 

In the year 1741, I find that Mr. Wainman voted as a 
free-holder in the election for a Member of Parliament for the 
County of Vork, his freehold being at Bramley, and he voted 
for Cholmley Turner, who was elected. 

Mr. Wainman preached his last sermon on May 27, 1770, 
from Isaiah xi. i, and of this event Balme's MS. says: — 

Being the last sermon he ever preached in this world, but died not till June 
ye loth, 1770, after preaching above 40 years at Pudsey. 

He was interred in the burial ground at the old Episcopalian 
Chapel, and his tombstone may now be seen in the lower part of 
the ground bearing the following inscription : — 

Here lies interr'd the Body of the Revd. John Wainman. Minister at the Dis- 
senting Chapel in Pudsey, who died June the loth, 1770, ^^ 64. Resurgam. 

In the year 1749, the great preacher, WHiitfield, preached in 

Pudsey. He says, in a letter — 

Since I left, I have preached to many thousands at Rosindale, Aywood, and 
Halifax, at Birstal, Pudsey, and Armley, and have had three precious seasons here. 

The congregations were exceedingly large, and referring to 
the opposition he met with, he adds — 

But truth and right will prevail, though preached in the fields and streets. 

The pulpit was supplied for about five months by neighbour- 
ing ministers, viz.: — Revd. Messrs. Dawson, of Idle ; Morgan, of 
Morley ; Dean, of Bradford ; Maurice, of Eastwood ; Halliday, of 
Bull-house ; Phillips, of Sowerby ; Hesketh, of Northowram, and 
others. 

The Rev. Michael Maurice received an invitation to 
become the pastor, and accepting it, he entered on the pastorate 
on Oct. 28, 1770. He had been minister at Eastwood, near 
Halifax, from 1754 to 1 770, when he came to Pudsey, In 1773, 
Mr. Maurice and twenty-three other dissenting ministers in the 
West Riding signed a petition to Parliament for relief from sub- 
scription. His pastorate was of short duration, as he died on 
July I, 1773, and was buried in the same burial ground as Mr. 
Wainman. His tombstone bears this inscription — 

* Life n?id Times oj the Countess of Huntingdon, vol. i, p. 265. 



REV. THOMAS LAIRD. gi 

Here lies interred the Body of the Revd. Mr. Maurice, late Minister at the dis- 
senting Chapel in Pudsey, who departed this life July 1st, 1773, in the 49th year of his 
age. 

His funeral sermon was preached on the nth of the same 
month by the Rev. Mr. Morgan, of Morley, from Rev. xiv. 13. 
Mr. Maurice was the grandfather of the late distinguished 
Professor Maurice, King's College, London, and the father of the 
Rev. M. Maurice, Junr., an eminent dissenting minister. 

The Rev. Arthur Lloyd was the next minister. He 
commenced his ministry in the early part of 1774, and remained 
until 1790. Though he was a learned man and a good preacher, 
the Pfotestant Dissenters' Magazine, 1832, says that "his 
character was not what it should have been, and that those who 
were acquainted with him did not consider him as reflecting 
honour on his official services." He died at Leeds, and was 
interred at the Mill Hill Chapel burial ground, where his tomb- 
stone may be seen, bearing the following simple inscription — 

Arthur Lloyd, late minister of the congregation of Protestant dissenters at 
Pudsey, died July 13th, 1795. Aged 44. 

At a meeting of the associated dissenting ministers of the 
West Riding of Yorkshire, held at Pudsey, on the 25th Septem- 
ber, 1782, the Rev. Wm. Turner, Junr., of Wakefield, was 
ordained to the ministry, and became minister of Hanover 
Square Chapel, Newcastle, where he remained nearly sixty years. 
The Rev. Phillip Holland, of Bolton-le-Moors ; the Rev. Joseph 
Dawson, of Idle ; the Rev. W. Wood, of Leeds ; and the Rev. 
Wm. Turner, Senr., of Wakefield, took part in the ordination. 
The whole service was published in a pamphlet, by Johnson, of 
St. Paul's Church Yard, London, 1782. 

The Rev. Thomas Laird, was the successor to Mr. Lloyd, 
and was a man of a vastly different stamp. If the preaching had 
been at all heterodox, it was now restored to the orthodox 
standard, and it is said that he not only preached the gospel, but 
that he lived it also during his long pastorate of nearly forty 
years. From 1787 to 1792 he was minister at Keighley, when 
he removed to Pudsey, and commenced his ministry there in 
April, 1792. 

In September, 1792, the land was purchased upon which to 
erect a new chapel, and the Deed bears the signature of Thomas 
Laird as one of the witnesses. The chapel was erected, and 
opened May 14th, 1794. Sermons were preached by the Rev. 
W. Moorhouse, of Huddcrsfield ; the Rev. J. Toothill, of Hopton ; 
the Rev. J. Cockin, of Halifax ; the Rev. Geo. Wilson, of Leeds ; 
and the Rev. Thos. Laird, the minister, also preached during the 



92 



HISTORY OF rUDSEY. 



opening services.* The ^ood old man died February 27, 1831, 
aged 70, and he :vas buried near to the chapel in which he had 
preached so long. During his ministry, a young man, named 
Thomas Burton, who was a member under Mr. Laird, entered 
the ministry and was Independent Minister a short time at 
Holmfirth ; but, amidst most pleasing appearances of much use- 




Rev. William (Jolefax. 

fulness to the church of Christ, he was snatched away by death, 
Jan. 25, 1 8 10, in the 25th year of his age. He was brought to 
Pudsey, and interred in the chapel yard. 

The Rev. William Colefax was the next minister. After 
a ministry of about twelve years at Hexham, in Northumberland, 
he commenced his ministry at Pudsey, April 8th, 1832, and 
remained nearly fifteen years, preaching his last sermon as 
minister in March, 1847. He continued to reside in Pudsey, and 

* For particulars of Mr. Laird, see memoir of him in the Evangelical Magazine. January, 
1832 ; and CoiigregaiiontJl Register (West Riding of Yorkshire), 1S65, pp. 134-5. 



REV. JOHN MARSDEN, B.A. 93 

occasionally preached for his successors. He died March 6th, 
1 872, in the 80th year of his age, and was buried in the Chapel 
yard, in which he had interred a large number of persons, but no 
stone marks the spot where his remains lie. During his pastorate 
the Chapel was cleared of a debt of nearly ;^400, in April, 1845.* 

The Rev. Thomas Jowett, a native of Thornton, near 
Bradford, who studied at Airedale College, was the next pastor. 
He was ordained October 1 1 th, 1 848, but had entered on his 
ministry on the 30th of July previous. He remained until 1854, 
when he preached his last sermon on April 2nd in that year. He 
went from Pudsey to Guisboro', in Yorkshire, and after being 
some time there he removed to Wigston Magna, Leicestershire, 
and is now living retired at Leeds. He was succeeded by 

The Rev. John Marsden, B.A., who was trained for a 
schoolmaster at the Borough Road Institution, London, 
afterwards studied for the ministry at Airedale College, and 
graduated at the London University, where he took the degree 
of B.A. He commenced his ministry at Pudsey, on July 29, 1855, 
but was not ordained until the 28th of May, 1856. His laborious 
and faithful ministry was eminently successful, especially among 
the young, over whom his influence was very great and very 
salutary. Feeling that a change was desirable, he accepted a 
"call" to Kidderminster, resigning his pastorate in i860, and 
removed thither, where he resided many years. He then removed 
to Taunton, in Somersetshire, where he now resides. During his 
pastorate, the place was again cleared of a debt of about ^500. 

The pastorate having been vacant nearly two years, the Rev. 
Thomas Wickham Tozer, of Penistone, was invited, and he 
entered on his ministry at Pudsey, April 13th, 1862. His pas- 
torate was of short duration, as he preached his farewell sermon 
on December 13th, 1863, and removed to Dudley, in Worcester- 
shire. Mr. Tozer studied for the ministry at Clifton, in private, 
and his first pastoral charge was at Curbar, in Derbyshire, where 
he was ordained May 31st, 1857. From Dudley, Mr. Tozer 
removed to Kennington Lane, London, from whence, after a 
residence of some years, he removed to Ipswich, where he now 
labours most energetically. 

After a vacancy of about six months, the pastorate was most 
worthily filled by the Rev. JOHN ATKINSON, of Clitheroe, Lanca- 
shire, who entered upon his labours at Pudsey, July loth, 1864. 
Mr. Atkinson's first pastoral charge was at Ay ton, in the North 

* For further particulars of him, see memoir by Rev. J. Atkinson, in Congregational 
li egister (West Riding of Yorkshire), 1872, pp. 106-9. 



^tSSSaattamtm^BxaszsBK 



»y-J9"^ HMW.A ^ J^i. V i^,.tA E3BC 









REV. JOHN ATKINSON. 



95 



Riding, Yorkshire, in 1851; from whence he removed in 1854 to 
FelHng, Gateshead, where he remained until 1859, when he 
removed to Clitheroe. 

In May, 1884, Mr. Atkinson received an invitation to become 
the minister at the Enghsh Protestant Reformed Church, 
in the city of Hamburg, and accepting the call, resigned his pas- 
torate at Pudsey, when he was presented, at a public meeting, with 
an address and a purse containing 100 guineas, in recognition 
of his long and faithful ministrations. 




Rev. John Atkinson. 



In November, 1884, Mr. D. A. Henderson, of Rotherham 
College, was invited to take the pastorate of the church, and 
commenced his ministry on the first Sunday in January, 1885. 
The ordination of Mr. Henderson took place on the 6th of May, 
1885, when the -Rev. A. Holborn, M.A., of Bradford, presided over 
the proceedings. The following ministers took part in the ser- 
vice: — Revs. Dr. Falding, and W. H. Bennett, M.A., of Rotherham 
College; E. S. Foster, of Hartlepool ; R. Bruce, D.D., of 
Huddersfield ; H. A. Lawson, of Bury ; C. Rhodes, of Royston ; 
and Thomas Jowett, of Leeds. There was a large congregation. 



CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 97 

The Sunday school was established about 1809 or 18 10, 
and for a long time its numbers were small; and the scholars 
were taught in the vestry and the bottom of the chapel, until 
about 1834, when school-rooms were erected adjoining the chapel. 
These rooms becoming too small in the course of time, steps 
were taken to have a larger school, the erection of which was 
commenced May 8th, 1849, and the present spacious edifice was 
opened August 28th, 1850. Class rooms were added in 1866 and 
1876. A day school was established, and commenced on the 
nth of April, 1853. The head masters have been: — Wm. 
Cooper, Charles Stagg, Henry Hooper, T. Sawyer, Charles 
Gilling, John Boden, W. B. Smith, W. F. Erskine, Thomas 
Mitcheson, J. Anderson, J. Fielding, and John Smith Boyd. In 
1876 the Day School was transferred to the Pudsey School 
Board, and the last teacher still remains master of the school. 

Soon after the settlement of Mr. Atkinson, in 1864, the sub- 
ject of either improving the old chapel of 1794, or erecting a new 
one on the same site was considered, and at a meeting of the 
congregation held November 8th, 1864, it was resolved to erect a 
new edifice, Messrs. Pritchett & Son, of Darlington, being com- 
missioned to prepare plans. The last religious service (previous 
to its being pulled down) was held in the old edifice on Sunday 
evening, April i6th, when a very appropriate sermon was 
preached by the pastor, the Rev. J. Atkinson, from i Samuel, vii., 
part of 1 2th ver., " Ebenezer: Hitherto hath the Lord helped us." 
The first stone of the new Congregational Church was laid on 
April 1 8th, 1865, in the presence of an immense concourse of 
spectators. A bazaar was held in aid of the building fund in 
July, 1865, which raised ^370. 

The leading feature of the building is a symmetrical and 
beautiful spire, which, rising to a height of 105 feet, and being 
on a very commanding site, is seen on fine days for above a 
dozen miles. The church consists of a nave, side aisles, and 
transepts. Three entrances at the front give admission to the 
area and galleries, the central doorway being surmounted with a 
handsome St. Catherine's window, twelve feet diameter, with 
trefoiled lancet windows on the right and left, having quatrefoils 
in the beads. All the doors and windows have dripstones, the 
entrances having in addition shafts of redstone, with foliated 
capitals. All the windows are glazed with coloured glass. The 
interior of the church is 75 feet in length and 41 feet in width, 
and accommodation is provided for about 700 worshippers. The 
pews are spacious and comfortable, those in the area being 

H 



98 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

upholstered uniformly with crimson cloth. Vestries, etc., are also 
provided, and the whole of the arrangements are most complete. 

The new church was opened July 4th, 1866, when two 
sermons were preached by the Rev. Henry Allon, of London. 
Opening services were also held on the three following Sundays. 
The collections amounted to ^^235 13s. gd., making a total raised, 
with the subscriptions, etc., ^2,018 13s. The total cost of the 
erection was £3,osg 13s. 5d., and including land necessary for 
frontage, ;^3,26o. In the year 1873, an organ was placed in the 
church, built by Messrs. Brindley and Foster, of Sheffield, at a 
cost of ;^325, which was all paid by the ladies of the congrega- 
tion. It was opened by Dr. Roberts, then of Halifax, on 
October 29th, 1873. 

The following is a description of the organ : — 

GREAT ORGAN, Compass CC to G3. 
I. Open Diapason Metal, 8 ft., 56 pipes 

3. GeTact Treble i ^"^^^^^ ^^'^ ^^^^^' ^ *"'•' 5^ pipes 

4. Dulciana Metal, 8 ft., 44 pipes 

5. Principal Metal, 4 ft., 56 pipes 

6. Harmonic Flute Wood and Metal, 4 ft., 56 pipes 

7. Grave Mixture II ranks, 100 pipes 

SWELL ORGAN, Compass CC to G3. 

8. Violin Diapason Metal, 8ft , 56 pipes 

9. Vox Angelica Metal grooved into St. Bass, 8 ft. , 44 pipes 

10. Principal Metal, 4 ft., 56 pipes 

11. Flageolet Metal, 2 ft., 56 pipes 

12. Oboe Metal, 8 ft., 56 pipes 

13. Trumpet Metal, 8 ft., 56 pipes 

PEDAL, Compass CCC to E. Couplers. 

14. Sub Bass Wood, 16 ft., 29 pipes 16. Swell to Great 

15. Principal Bass, Metal, 8 ft., 29 pipes 17. Swell to Pedal 

18. Great to Pedal 
2 Composition Pedals. 

The collections at the organ opening services amounted to 
£6^ 6s. 8^d., which were devoted to the cost of cleaning and 
painting the church. In 1877, a successful bazaar was held with 
a view to clear off the debt on the church and parsonage, when 
the total receipts amounted to jQjT^ 8s. 8d., which, besides clear- 
ing off the debt of ;^73o and paying all expenses, left a balance 
of jQj\. lOs. At a thanksgiving service held shortly afterwards, 
it was stated that during the twelve years from the erection of 
the church they had raised the sum of ^3,810, besides the regular 
annual income of the place. 

The Registers of Baptisms now in connection with the place 
are those of Mr. Maurice, 1770 to 1773, 136 baptised; Mr. Lloyd 
and others, 1785 to 1791, 112 baptised; Mr. Laird, 1792 to 183 1, 
2,305 baptised. 



WESLEYAN METHODISTS. 99 

The first interment in the burial ground took place in 
February, 1793, and up to the close of 1880 there had been 
interred 2,306 persons; 160 of these were between the ages of 
70 and 80; 6z between 80 and 90; and 6 between 90 and 100. 

5i5i;e!;Iepans — The introduction of Methodism into Pudsey, so 
far as there is any record, must be attributed to that devoted 
apostle of Methodism in Yorkshire, John Nelson, who has the 
following entry in his journal, about the years 1743-4. 

I went to Pudsey, but when I got there the people of the house durst not let me 
preach ; they told me the constable had orders to press me, and desired me not to 
light, but to go back directly. I rode down to a public house where the constable 
and some others met together, and talked with them, and the people said he had 
orders to press me, but he said, " I will not, for you do not appear to be a vagrant, 
and my warrant runs for none but vagrants." Many of the people followed me into 
the lanes and I sat on horseback exhorting them to keep close to God by prayer. 

One of the first individuals in the village to receive and 
encourage the Methodist preachers was named Boyes, who 
resided in Fartown. 

In Wesley's journal we find a record of the first visit paid 
by that celebrated preacher to Pudsey: — 

April 28th. Tuesday, one of Pudsey would take no denial, so I promised to 
preach there at eight o'clock. Coming before the hour, we walked to the new house 
of the Germans (Fulneck). I preached at eight at the place appointed, and thence 
rode to Dewsbury, where I was to preach at noon. 

At this time the Pudsey Society was connected with the Birstal 
circuit — " the Mother Church." 

In 1763, the Bradford branch of the Birstal circuit was 
formed, and contained fifteen classes, of which Pudsey was one. 
The class at Pudsey contributed los. i id. "quarter money" 
towards the society's income, £y 17s. 8d., for the September 
quarter. Only three other classes contributed more than the one 
at Pudsey, viz., two at Bradford and one at Dudley Hill. In 
1769, Bradford was made a circuit, having fifteen villages under 
its care, of which Pudsey was one. In 1773, a new Methodist 
" Preaching House" was erected, and opened in September. The 
accommodation was for 400 persons, and the first trustees were 
George Beecroft, Edward Tindall, Joseph Brown, Samuel Fenton, 
and John Scholefield. 

In the year 1774, Wesley paid his second visit to Pudsey, 
on April 21st. "About two I preached at the newly-built house 
at Pudsey," and again in 1780, he says in his Journal : — 

April 17th. Monday, I left Leeds in one of the roughest mornings I have ever 
seen, we had rain, hail, snow, and wind in abundance. About nine I preached at 
Bramley, between one and two at Pudsey, Afterwards I walked to Fulneck, the 
German settlement, etc. 



100 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

In 1 78 1, Pudsey Chapel had 149 members, and five leaders, 
viz., Joseph Fenton, Ed. Tindall, Jos. .Brown, Jas. Ackroyd, and 
John Turner (Farsley). There were only two places in the 
Bradford circuit having more members than the Pudsey Society, 
viz., Bradford and Great Horton. At this time there were eight 
persons who officiated as local preachers in the Bradford circuit ; 
Joseph Fenton, of Pudsey, and John Turner, of Farsley, were of 




Rev. Joseph Sutcliffe, M.A. 

this number. Joseph Fenton was one of the most useful 
preachers of his day, and is said to have been a favourite with 
Mr. Wesley, and was greatly esteemed by the congregations 
amongst whom he laboured. He was sent to Hull, soon after 
the commencement of his career as a preacher, to fill up some 
vacancy in the itineracy there, and was recognised as a youth 
of great ministerial promise ; but, for marrying without leave, 
he had to return to his secular employ. However, he still 



WESLEYAN METHODISTS. lOt 

maintained the character of an upright, pious man, and a highly 
useful local preacher. 

In 1784, Joseph SutcHffe commenced his career as a class 
leader and local preacher in Pudsey, and was sent, two years later, 
by Mr. Wesley, to labour in the Redruth circuit, and was after- 
wards a useful and honoured Wesleyan minister for the period of 
70 years. He died May r4th, 1856, aged 94. He had gained 
the title of M.A., and was the author of several valuable works, 
amongst which may especially be mentioned his " Commentary 
of the Holy Scriptures." 

In 1807, the Lower Wesleyan Sunday School was commenced 
in a house in Lowtown, and eight years after, in 181 5, a new 
Wesleyan Chapel was erected, and opened May ist, 18 16. The 
opening services were conducted by the Revs. — Stephens, B. 
Wood, and James Everett. Previous to this event, in 181 1, 
Bramley had been made the head of a circuit, to which the 
Pudsey Society was transferred. 

In 1823, a Wesleyan Sunday School and Preaching-room 
was commenced at Littlemoor Bottom, and, in 1826, the Wesleyan 
Upper Sunday School, Lowtown, was established. In 1840, a 
Wesleyan Chapel w^as erected at Gibraltar, Pudsey. This chapel 
was offered for sale by public auction in 1 870, but was not sold. 

In 1852, a disturbance arose between the Conference and 
some members of the Wesleyan body, who were desirous of 
reform in the constitution of the conference, when the members 
in Pudsey who sympathised with that movement were expelled 
by the Wesleyan minister. The reform party, however, kept 
possession of the chapel in consequence of the peculiar character 
of the trust deed. The Conference not being able to hold the 
chapel, withdrew, and opened a preaching-room. In 1859, the 
Wesleyan Conference again took possession of the chapel, on 
November 6th. During part of the following year five services 
were held each Sunday in the Chapel, three by the Conference 
and two by the reform party. The congregation resolved to 
support the reform movement, and ultimately the Conference 
withdrew from the Chapel on receiving one hundred and fifty 
pounds. 

After this withdrawal, the old Wesleyan body took steps to 
have a building of their own in which to worship, and the first 
stone of a new chapel was laid on the 2nd day of April, 1861. 
The building is situate in Church Lane, and is a very handsome 
structure, both as regards the interior and exterior. The 
Architect was Mr. John Kirk, Huddersfield, and the Chapel is in 



102 



HISTORY OF PUDSEY, 



the Italian style of architecture, and will accomodate 600 persons. 
The cost was about ;^2,ooo. The foundation stone was laid by 
Mrs, S. Pawson, of Lawns House, Farnley, and the following is a 
copy of the parchment which was placed in a bottle under the 
foundation stone : — 

WESLEYAN METHODIST CHAPEL, PUDSEY. 

The Foundation Stone of this Edifice was deposited by Mrs. Sarah Pawson, of 
Lawns House, Farnley, on Easter Tuesday, 2nd April, i86l, in the 24th year of the 
Reign of Qiieen Victoria. 

The Reverend W. W. Stamp, President of Wesleyan Conference. The Rev. 
John Farrar, Secretary of the Conference, and Chairman of the Leeds District. The 
Revds. John Hornby, William Faulkner, George T. Taylor, and Geo. Penman, 
Mmisters of the Bramley Circuit. The Rev. James Allen, Supernumerary Minister. 
Messrs. John Wild and John Blackburn, Circuit Stewards. Messrs. Joseph Davy and 
Edward Hinings, Stewards of the Pudsey Society. 

The Trustees of the Chapel being Benjamin Wade, Samuel Sharp, John 
Frankland, John Glover, John Briggs, John Webster, Thomas Ward, Rev. James 
Allen, John Blackburn, John Wild, Christopher Moody, John Wilson, William Firth, 
Israel Roberts, Henry Webster Blackburn. 

To God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost, be everlasting 
praise ; Amen. 

The- chapel was opened on Friday, June 6th, 1862, when two 
sermons were preached by the Rev. John Rattenbury, president 
of the Conference, and subsequently the following ministers 
officiated at the opening services, viz.: Dr. Hannah, Revs. R. 
Roberts, Chas. Prest, T. Allen, J, S. Workman, George Mather, 
and John Hornby. In May, 1863, the Rev, William Morley 
Punshon preached in the chapel to a crowded congregation. 

In 1882, a new organ was built by Messrs. Harrison and 

Harrison, of Durham, at a cost of ;!^4I5, and consists of two 

full manuals C C to G, 56 notes and a pedal organ, C C C to F, 

30 notes. 

GREAT ORGAN. SWELL ORGAN, 

Open Diapason ... 
Dulciana ... 
Hohlflote .,. 
Principal ... 
Harmonic Flute . . . 
Gamba 

Mixture (3 ranks) ,. 
Fifteenth 



Total Pipes 
Open Diapason 



N. 
8ft. 


56 pipes. 


8ft. 


56 




8ft. 


56 


,, 


4ft. 


56 


,, 


4ft, 


56 


,, 


8ft. 


56 






168 


>» 


2ft. 


56 





Bourdon... 


,.. i6ft. 


56 pipes 


Viola 


. . 8ft. 


56 „ 


Lieblich Gedact 


,.. 8ft. 


56 „ 


Salscional 


... 8ft, 


56 „ 


Voix Celeste ... 


... 8ft, 


44 >. 


Principal 


... 4ft. 


56 „ 


Mixture (3 ranks) 




198 „ 


Oboe 


".'. 8ft. 


56 „ 


Horn 


... 8ft, 


66 ,, 



604 



Total Pipes 
PEDAL ORGAN. 
1 6ft. 30 pipes. Bourdon ... ... 1 6ft. 30 pipes, 

COUPLERS. 

Swell to Great. Swell to Pedals. Great to Pedals. 



Methodist new connexion. 103 

The case is made of pitch pine, stained to imitate American 
walnut, and the design is in strict harmony with the architectural 
decorations of the chapel. 

On Wednesday, May 9th, 1867, the first stone of a new 
Wesleyan Sunday School, in connection with the above chapel, 
was laid by Mrs. J. T. Beer, of Threapland House, Pudsey, who 
was presented on the occasion, with a silver trowel and mahogany 
mallet, with which to perform the interesting ceremony. The 
school was opened on February 25th, 1868, the cost of the erection, 
with the ground, being ;,^ 500. 

On Saturday, May 2nd, 1868, the foundation stone of a new 
Wesleyan Chapel was laid at Littlemoor, Pudsey. For forty 
years the only accommodation possessed by the Wesleyans in 
this locality had been a weaving chamber over a cottage. The 
first stone of the new chapel was laid by H. Mitchell, Esq., of 
Esholt Hall, and the building safely progressed until Christmas ; 
was roofed and ready for pewing, when a gale of wind arose and 
demolished the structure, nothing but the gable walls being left 
standing. The chapel was re-erected in a most substantial 
manner, from plans prepared by Mr. C. E. Taylor, architect, of 
Bradford. The original cost of the land and building was ;^ 1,200 
and to this had to be added 800, for re-erection, making the total 
expenditure ;^ 2,000. The chapel is a neat structure externally, 
about twenty-two yards long by seventeen yards wide, with class 
rooms, minister's vestry, and a commodious school-room under- 
neath. Internally it is lofty and well lighted, and in a recess at 
one end is a small gallery for the school children ; and, facing 
this, in the centre of the chapel is the pulpit. The pews are of 
stained wood, with reclining backs. In 1882, an organ was 
erected in the chapel, on each side of which a small gallery was 
put up, capable of seating about eighty persons, making the total 
accommodation afiforded by the chapel for over 600 persons. 

^ft|otiist J^elu ConitPiion, — This body of Christians obtained 
a footing in Pudsey in the year 1818; when open-air services 
were held in Fartown, conducted by friends from Ebenezer 
Chapel, Leeds. In the following year services were conducted 
in a room called Lobley's Chamber, and subsequently in John 
Young's Chamber, near the Fleece Inn. 

In 1825, Zion Chapel was erected and opened, the cost of 
which was about ;^45o, the society at that time being connected 
with the Leeds circuit. Ten years later, the Pudsey society, 
along with Adwalton, was taken away from the Leeds circuit, 
and became part of the Dewsbury circuit. In 1839, great and 



I04 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

successful revival services were held, and, as a consequence, the 
number of members returned to Conference in the following year 
was 193. In 1840, ground was purchased for a burial ground, 
and site of a new chapel, at a cost of three hundred guineas, but 
in consequence of the great and unfortunate Barkerite agitation 
in 1 841, the society was drawn entirely away from the Connexion 
and scattered. About two years later, forty of the older members, 
headed by the late Mr. William Boyes and Mr. John Shaw, 
returned along with the chapel to the Connexion, and the build- 
ing was re-opened for worship on July 30th, 1843. 

In 1844, the Pudsey society united with the Bradford circuit, 
and in the same year suffered the severe loss of one of its most 
useful members, Mr, William Boyes. He was its first class 
leader, and had been chapel steward from the commencement. 

In 185 1, Mr. William Denison, of Fartown, generously paid 
off the debt on the burial ground, nearly .^300, when a new trust 
deed was made for the chapel and burial ground. In 1853, the 
first stone of a new Sunday school was laid, and the opening 
ceremony took place on the 28th of May, in the same year. 

In 1869, a meeting was held to consider the propriety of 
erecting a new chapel, and the foundation stone was laid on the 
2nd of April, 1872, Messrs. Nelson, of Leeds, being the architects. 
The style is Italian, and the chapel has a gallery at one end, and 
an organ and choir recess at the other, and two vestries, with 
other offices. The stone was laid by James Moore, Esq., of 
Bradford, and the chapel was opened on the 9th day of April, 
1873, when two sermons were preached by the Rev. W. Cooke, 
D.D., of London, and at the subsequent services sermons were 
preached by the Revs. H. D. Crofts, D.D., of Manchester, and 
A. R. Pearson, of Bradford. The total expenditure on the chapel 
was ^1,900. In 1882, a new organ, built by Mr. J. Calvert, of 
Armley, was put in the chapel, at a cost of ^200, and w^as opened 
with an organ recital by Mr. S. W. Pilling, of Bolton. 

In connection with this body of Christians, we cannot forego 
allusion to the lives of two of the most prominent members at 
Pudsey. WILLIAM BOYES was born at Pudsey on July 29th, 
1793. His forefathers, for many generations back, had been 
distinguished for their intelligence, uprightness, and piety ; and 
exhibited in an eminent degree those features, both mental and 
physical, which distinguished the Anglo-Saxon race from which 
they descended. For ages they belonged to that class once so 
numerous in England, who, possessing a little property, and being 
either respectable farmers or small freeholders, also carried on, 



MR. WILLIAM BOYES. lO^ 

in their own dwellings, domestic manufactures ; thus being at 
once both masters and workmen. We believe one member of 
the family was a celebrated Dissenting minister, named Joseph 
Boyes, who was born in 1646, and died in 1728. He was pastor 
of a Congregational church in Dublin, and his works were pub- 
lished in two folio volumes. Another ancestor was a clergyman 
in the North Riding of Yorkshire. Another was an active and 
devoted member of the Moravians, soon after their first settlement 
in this country. The grandfather of William Boyes was the 
first individual in Pudsey to receive and encourage the Methodists. 
The devoted and useful John Nelson first visited and preached 
in his house, William's father, soon after his marriage, became 
a member of the Methodist society, and for a lengthened period 
sustained the office of class leader till the introduction of the 
Methodist New Connexion into Pudsey, which took place about 
the year 18 19. He was the first class leader in the new society, 
and continued to fill this office till his death, which took place in 
the year 1830. The subject of this memoir was at that time a 
farmer, and also carried on the trade of a cloth manufacturer, 
and was in what may be termed easy circumstances. But 
fluctuations in business, and the panic caused at that time by 
war, occasioned him to lose a great portion of his capital. 

At the age of thirty years Mr, Boyes entered into the con- 
jugal state with Mary, daughter of Mr. John Robinson, of 
Rastrick, class leader and local preacher in the Halifax circuit. 
This union was a source of mutual help and blessing. For a 
number of years after the death of his parents, which took place 
in the year 1830, nothing occurred materially to disturb the even 
tenor of his way. Being diligent in business, and temperate in 
his habits, he considerably increased his substance. But the 
panic of 1837 was a severe trial to him. The depreciated value 
of goods, the general prostration of trade, and the losses common 
under such circumstances, greatly distressed his mind. He 
would never speculate beyond his bona fide capital. His great 
study was how he might live honestly in the sight of God and 
man, and make suitable provision for a rising family. 

Mr. Boyes was stricken with a severe and painful illness in 
1844, and on the 22nd day of September in that year departed 
this life, in the fifty-first year of his age. 

John Shaw was the son of James and Martha Shaw, of 
Pudsey, and was born on March 25th, 18 14. His parents, who 
moved in the humbler walks of life, were well known and much 
esteemed for their integrity and industry. His father followed 



io6 



IIISTOkY OF PUDSEV. 



the trade of a hand-loom weaver at his own home, and Hved to 
the ripe old age of eighty-four years. 

John's maternal grandfather, and his uncle, John Sha\\', were 
members of the Methodist New Connexion, which had been 
newly established in Pudsey, and they were devoted workers in 
the Sabbath school. To this school John was sent at an early 
age, and, as a child, manifested a deep interest in religious 




Mr. John Shaw. 

exercises, particularly that of private prayer. His name first 
appeared on the plan as a local preacher about the year 1839. 

In his early history as a preacher he had to labour under 
great disadvantages. His lack of education, his strong local 
dialect, his peculiar and striking appearance, tended to awaken 
curiosity, and with some, not a little prejudice, on his first 
attempts to preach. Then he was subject to fits, which came 
upon him suddenly and rendered him unconscious. This 



j\IR. JOHN SHAW. t07 

affliction was a sore trial — " a thorn in the flesh " to him. The 
attacks were, however, suffered with less frequency after he 
became a local preacher, and ceased altogether when about thirty 
years of age. Still the possibility of being so overtaken made 
his friends anxious for his safety when from home, or when 
travelling to his appointments in the circuit. 

If John's acquaintance with general literature was necessarily 
very circumscribed, he was a constant and successful student of 
the " Book of books," He became " mighty in the Scriptures." 
They illuminated his whole nature and controlled his life. As 
an expositor of divine truth he was always suggestive and 
eloquent, and as a preacher he was fluent and terse. He would 
often use a succession of words to express a thought, while each 
added phrase gave a new phase to the idea that would both 
enchant and impress the hearer. In this particular his power 
was unique. He regarded his appointments as sacred engage- 
ments, so that he never disappointed an expectant congregation 
when it was possible for him to preach. 

Of a life of such abounding activity and untiring devotion 
to the work of God, we can only here give a very brief sketch. 
For many years he was president of the Sunday school in 
Pudsey. His many engagements as a preacher prevented his 
taking the office and work of a teacher, but when the oppor- 
tunity occurred he was always ready, by his addresses and other 
forms of service, to show his deep interest in the progress of 
the great work. 

His services in the Christian Church were multiform. For 
the most part his labours were devoted to the Church and 
community of which he was a member. He had a deep and 
increasing interest in her history. The ordinances, polity, usages, 
and institutions of the Connexion had no warmer friend and 
advocate than he was. He was called a preacher's friend. He 
knew the history, style, ability, and place in the Connexion of 
most of them. He "esteemed them highly for their work's 
sake," and was always delighted when he could secure their 
company and fellowship. But his sympathies and labours 
had a wider sphere than the limits of his own denomina- 
tion. He was the Lord's servant, and as he had opportunity, 
rendered willing service to all Christian sects : to the Con- 
gregationalists, the Wesleyans, the Moravians, the Baptists, 
the Primitive Methodists, the Methodist Free Church — to ALL. 
It was well if he could do good to his fellow-men, and bring 
glory to God. 



108 HISTORY OF PUlDSEY. 

His last Sunday on earth was spent at Otiey, and on the 
following day he attended a public tea-meeting at the Congre- 
gational Church, Soothill, near Batley. Here he poured out his 
soul in a speech of great power and eloquence, to the delight of 
all present. He was the guest of Mr. Sunderland, and a 
few minutes after he had retired to rest he complained of 
great suffering. The family were aroused, he got out of bed, 
walked about the room, and then falling upon his knees 
he prayed for his wife and only child. He then got into 
bed again, when he said, " Tell them to meet me in heaven; "and 
" fell asleep in Jesus." 

The day he was carried to the grave presented a scene in 
Pudsey that cannot be forgotten. After but a few hours' notice, 
hundreds of people, of all classes, and of all denominations, from 
all parts of the district, and for many miles round, gathered to give 
expression to their estimate of his worth, and bear their testimony 
to his goodness. It was not to learning, for he had it not; it was 
not to wealth, to social or political status, for he had not these; 
it was to his sterling piety and great usefulness. 

His death occurred on November lo, 1879, in his sixty-fifth 
year. The occasion was improved in the several parts of the 
Bradford Circuit, and at Dewsbury and Batley by the Rev. W. 
Wilshaw, and by other ministers in other places, to large and 
sympathising congregations.* 

iHfletfjotiist Jrce ©fjurc]^. — This Society commenced in the year 
1849, as the Wesleyan Association, and the congregation and 
Sunday school assembled in a preaching-room in Low- 
town. In 1872, the foundation of a new chapel for this congre- 
gation was laid by Miss M. A. Procter, and the building was 
opened on the 25th of October, 1873, when a sermon was 
preached by the Rev. J. S. Withington. The chapel is a neat 
structure, sixty feet by twenty-four feet, erected from designs 
by Mr. Samuel Webster, architect, of Pudsey, and the cost was 
;^ 1,500. 

In 1869, the foundation stone of a new chapel and Sunday 
school was laid at Waterloo, by Mrs. Pitts, of Stanningley, when 
the assembly was addressed by the Rev. Marmaduke Miller, of 
Huddersfield. The building, which is a neat little edifice, will 
accommodate about three hundred hearers, and has a small 
school-room and vestry behind. It was erected from designs by 
Mr. John Heaton, architect, of Pudsey, at a cost, including land, 
of about £700. The opening services, which took place in 

* From Methodist Ac^v Councxioi Magazine, February, 1881. 



THE BAPTISTS. 



109 



February, 1870, were conducted by the Revs. John Myers, John 
Guttridge, John Atkinson, S. Bevan, and R. Holmes. 

IntJEpenUmt S^Etljotiists. — This section of the Christian church 
was connected with the old Wesleyan body when the chapel in 
Lowtown was built in 181 5, but having embraced Free Church 
views, they seceded from the old Connexion in 1852, retainino- 
possession of the chapel, and became an Independent Methodist 
Church. In 1875, it was thought by the congregation desirable 
to join the United Methodist Free Churches in the Leeds district, 
and an amalgamation took place. 

^rimiti&e ilHetl^otiigts.— This body of Christians commenced an 
interest in Lowtown in the year 1839, when they built a chapel 
and Sunday school. In 1864, their operations were extended by 
the erection of a new chapel in Rickardshaw Lane. The 
foundation stone was laid on Good Friday, by Mr. Benjamin 
Waite, of Farsley, when an address was given by the Rev. C. 
Smith, of Barnsley. The chapel was erected from designs by 
Mr. Joseph Roberts, architect, in lieu of a smaller one built in 
1835. The cost of the new chapel was £yoo. The opening 
services were held in September, 1864, when sermons were 
preached by the Revs. S. Antliff, of Derby, T. Greenbury, of 
Hull, E. Parker, of Farsley, and Wm. H. Kershaw, of Laisterdyke. 

On the 27th of June, 1 874, the ceremony of laying the corner 
stones of a new chapel and Sunday school, in Roker Lane, was 
performed by Messrs. J. W. Harrison, of Birkenshaw, G. Garnett, 
of Apperley Bridge, R. Ingham, of Wortley, and S. Shackleton, 
of Pudsey. The edifice is neat and unpretentious, and was erected 
from designs by Messrs. Milnes and France, architects, of Brad- 
ford. It has a frontage of one hundred feet to Roker Lane, is 
one storey in height, consisting of a room forty feet by thirty-six 
feet, and four class rooms. The roof is open timbered. The 
cost, inclusive of land, was ^1,500. 

Baptistei. — The Baptists, as an organised community in Eng- 
land, date their origin from 1607, when the first Baptist Church 
was formed in London by a Mr. Smith, and, notwithstanding the 
severe persecution which was brought to bear upon this section of 
the Nonconformist body, they still continued to increase. The first 
account we have of any Baptists in this neighbourhood is relating 
to the interest at Rawden, where the Rev. William Mitchell was 
the first Baptist minister. He died about the year 1706. 

A few of the members connected with Rawden and Haworth 
commenced the interest at Bradford; after a time they took a 



no HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

room, but being poor they could not afford to buy benches, so 
the old women who attended the meeting, wended their way 
thither with their stools under their arms. The first minister, 
Mr. Crabtree, followed his trade of shalloon weaver in order to 
earn a living. He was ordained pastor, and died on the 14th day 
of February, 181 1, aged ninety. The Baptists commenced at 
Bramley about the year 1774, and during the following year 
opened a room for divine worship. The Baptist Church at 
Farsley originated in the labours of Mr. Crabtree, of Bradford, 
who ofttimes preached on week-evenings at Farsley and Calverley, 
and many who heard him at these villages attended his regular 
ministry. In 1777, a chapel was built at Farsley, and was supplied 
by different ministers for more than two years. On the 27th day 
of March, 1780, a church was formed of thirty members, who had 
been dismissed from the Bradford church for that purpose. Mr. 
William Roe was the first minister. 

The Baptist interest at Stanningley was commenced in the 
year 1826, under the auspices of the Baptist Itinerant Society. 
Mr. Matthias Gaunt, of Pudsey, and some other friends, residents 
in Stanningley, but members of the church at Bramley, lament- 
ing the spiritual destitution of the inhabitants, felt a strong desire 
to meet the deficiency. They consulted the late Dr. Steadman, 
of Bradford, who encouraged them to proceed. They engaged a 
room, and Mr. Edwards, a student at Horton College, preached 
the first sermons. The congregations continued to improve 
under the ministry of the students from Horton College, and the 
prospects being encouraging, the people exerted themselves to 
provide better accommodation. In this, they were assisted 
by the students, neighbouring ministers, and friends. The 
chapel was built and opened in June, 1828, and in September 
a church was formed, consisting of six members, who were 
ministered to by the neighbouring pastors and students from 
Horton College. About the year 1834, a Sunday school 
and vestries were built, and in November of that year 
Mr. John Jordan settled amongst them as minister. The mem- 
bers at that time numbered 15, and the floor of the chapel was 
pewed to afford accommodation for the increased attendance. 
In 1837-8, the chapel was enlarged to double the original size, 
making provision for the Sunday scholars, when the school 
building was converted into a dwelling-house for the minister. 
In 1838, the number of members had increased to 47, and in 
1840, to 73. In 1842, Mr. Jordan resigned his office, having been 
pastor for nearly eight years. During his term of office, the 



THE BAPTISTS. 1 1 1 

church membership had increased from 15 to 75. The church 
having been without a minister for about a twelve-month, the 
Rev. Wilham Colcroft, who had been minister at Bramley from 
1826 to 1837, and at Golcar, from 1837 to 1843, accepted the 
invitation to Stanningely in the last-named year, when the mem- 
bers numbered 94. A debt of ^500 which remainded on the 
chapel and premises was cleared off in 1845. In 1846, a second 
Sunday school was established in connection with the church ; 
the number of teachers and scholars in both schools being as 
follows: — teachers, ^y, scholars, 260. 

In June, 1848, Mr. Colcroft resigned, and the pulpit was 
supplied by students and others, until 1850, when the Rev. 
James Hillyard, of Shifnall, Shropshire, accepted a call from the 
church, and commenced his stated labours on Sunday, August 
1 8th, At this time the members numbered J^, teachers, 50, 
scholars 210. Mr. Hillyard continued his ministry until 1852, 
when he resigned, and in the following year settled at Pudsey. 
For the next six years the pulpit was generally supplied by 
students from Horton College. In 1858, the Rev. J. W. Stuart 
accepted the united invitation of the churches of Stanningley and 
Pudsey, and commenced his ministry on April 4th of that year. 

The congregation at Littlemoor, Pudsey, seems to have 
arisen principally out of the labours of Mr. Colcroft, who held 
cottage services in several parts of the town. Ultimately a room 
was taken at Fartown, and opened for worship on the nth of 
January, 1846. Success attended the attempt, and on the first 
of January, 1847, a church was formed, having at the time 
twelve members. A Sunday school was commenced in 1846, or 
the earlier part of 1847. In June, 1849, land was purchased at 
Littlemoor for the erection of a chapel, and the first stone was 
laid on the 13th of June, 1850, by Peter Hainsworth, Esq., of 
Farsley. The chapel was opened on Wednesday, January 8th, 
185 1, when sermons were preached by the Revs. J. Stock, and 
A. M. Stalker. The chapel is 42 feet by 27 feet, within the 
walls, and has a neat school-room under part of it. The total 
cost amounted to ^SSO. The church at this time had 15 
members, and the Sunday school 32 teachers and 54 scholars. 
The Rev. J. Hillyard was the first pastor, from 1853 to 1855, 
when he resigned, and removed to Thorne, Yorkshire. From 
1858 to 1862, the Rev. J. W. Stuart, ministered here and at 
Stanningley. In 1870, the Rev. Henry Dunn, settled as minister 
at Littlemoor, and was publicly recognised on the 9th of March 
in that year. 



112 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Slnttarfaii: — Services in connection with this body, were first 
held about 1853, Mr. John Mills, Home Mission agent, of Leeds, 
being the preacher. The Rev. M. A. Moon was the first stated 
minister, occupying the position until 1855, when he removed to 
Stannington. In the same year, the Rev. J. Knapton, succeeded 
Mr. Moon, but his ministry was only of short duration, for we 
find that in 1857, the Rev. J. L. Haigh was appointed to the 
office. During his tenure of the office, the first stone of a new 
Unitarian Church was laid, on March 4th, 1 861, and the opening 
service took place on November 6th of the same year. The cost 
of the church, which is a neat edifice, of the Gothic style, was 
^1,160. An organ was added in the following year. On the 
23rd of February, 1862, Mr. Haigh resigned the pastorate, and 
removed to Burnley, Lancashire, where he died. In 1862, the 
Rev. H. Eadins, of Belfast, commenced his ministry at Pudsey, 
and remained until February, 1865, when he removed to Coseley, 
Birmingham. On the 7th of May in the same year, the Rev. 
W. A. Clark, of Derby, accepted the pastorate, and remained at 
Pudsey until 1868, when he resigned the office. In the following 
year, the Rev. John Bevan, received a call to the church, and the 
first Communion of the Lord's Supper was held on Easter 
Sunday, 1869. In 1878, Mr. Bevan resigned the charge, and 
preached his farewell sermon on Sunday, August nth. He was 
subsequently settled in Bolton, Lancashire. The Rev. W. E. 
Hopkinson, the next minister, commenced his labours at Pudsey 
in January, 1879, and remained for three years, when he resigned, 
and the Rev. James Ruddle, of Hastings, succeeded him, and 
retained the ministry until November, 1884, when he resigned. 
The Rev. H. Bodell-Smith, of Manchester, was the next pastor, 
commencing his pastorate on Sunday, April 4th, 1886. 

5l^oma^ (!^ati}o\ici. — This body was said to number three 
hundred members in 1883, when the foundation-stone of a new 
chapel was laid in The Lanes, Pudsey. Pending the erection of 
this building, temporary services was held in a room in Hammer- 
ton Field. The stone was laid by Canon Motler, of Bradford, 
and the chapel was dedicated to St. Joseph. The cost of the 
chapel and its necessary appurtenances was ;^ 1,200. 

On Sunday morning, the 19th day of April, 1884, the solemn 
opening of the new Catholic school-chapel, situate in The Lanes, 
Lowtown, was performed by the Bishop of Leeds (Dr. Corn- 
thwaite). The Rev. J. Simpson officiated as priest, Rev. Mr. 
Ouinlan as deacon, and the Rev. Mr. Dillon as sub-deacon. 
As efficient choir was in attendance from the church of St. Mary, 



ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH. II3 

Bradford, A\ho were conducted by the Rev. Mr. Galli, and 
accompanied on the harmonium. The view of the building from 
the outside, which is the Gothic style of architecture, and in 
the shape of a parallelogram, is pleasing, but this impression is 
considerably modified to the near spectator by the high walls 
with which the building is surrounded. The interior, however, 
is particularly attractive, very comfortable, and agreeably warmed. 
It consists of a principal room, or chapel, about 24 yards in 
length, and about nine in width, the west end being apportioned 
for the use of infants, and separated from the rest of the chapel 
by means of glass folding doors, which admirably adapt it to 
the purposes of a day school, a complete view^ of the whole 
being under the eye of the teacher. These portions of the 
building are furnished with strong movable pitch-pine benches. 
At the east end is the sanctuary, or sacrarium, separated from 
the body of the chapel by revolving shutters. In this portion 
the high altar is placed. The basement of the sanctuary is 
covered with carpet, and on the left side of the high altar is 
a figure of the " Sacred Heart," and on the right side an 
image of the Blessed Virgin. The altar is surmounted by 
figures of angels and a large crucifix. The altar itself was on 
Sunday considerably beautified by flloral displays, in addition to 
the usual embellishments. The walls of the sanctuary, and the 
whole of the chapel, are boarded to the height of about six feet with 
polished pitch pine. The place will seat about 400 worshippers. 
The high mass performed was one of Schmidt's. The special 
blessing of the Bishop, according to which the church was 
dedicated to St. Joseph, was read by the Rev. Mr. Ouinlan. The 
ordinary lessons of the day being read, and prayer offered, by 
the Rev. J. Simpson, a sermon was preached by his lordship 
the Bishop, from the Gospel of St. Luke, chap. 24th, the 36th 
and a few of the succeeding verses : — " Now, while they were 
speaking these things, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them 
and said, Peace be unto you," etc. 





POLITICAL HISTORY. 



HE first known contested election in which Pudsey 
took a part was in 1741, when Cholmeley Turner and 
■'iS^i.-^f')'- George Fox were proposed, to supply a vacancy in 
i^^^^ the representation of the county of York, caused by 
^^ the death of Lord Morpeth. The poll began at the 
^ Castle of York, on the 15th of Januar)-, 1741, and was 
V open eight days. There went from Pudsey to York 54 

freeholders, who voted as follows : — 



Bailey, Benjamin 


.. F. 


Banks, Thomas 


.. F. 


Barraclough, Jobn ... 


.. F. 


Beaumont, [ohn 


.. T. 


Binks, Benjamin 


.. F. 


Bowcock, Joseph 


.. F. 


Brooks, Thomas 


.. F. 


Crummuck, Joseph 


,. F. 


Danibrough, John 


. F. 


Darnborough, John 


.. F. 


Dodgson, Samuel 


.. b'. 


Dodgson, William 


.. ']'. 


Eyles, Ihomas 


.. F-. 


Farrar, Abraham 


.. F. 


Farrer, Robert 


.. J'. 


Farrar, William 


.. F. 


Fenton, Samuel 


.. F. 


Ferrand, Benjamin 


.. F. 


Hey, Richard 


.. F. 


Hillas, Samuel, jun. 


.. F. 


Hillhouse, Samuel 


.. F. 


Himsworth, John 


.. F. 


Hinchliffe, John 


.. F. 


Hinchliffe, Samuel 


.. F. 


Hinchliffe, Samuel 


.. T. 


Hollingworth, Thomas 


. T. 


Hutchinson, John ... 


. F. 


For Cholmeley Turner 


•■ 13 



Hutchinson, Joseph 
Ingham, Thomas 
Knewstub, John 
Langley, Thomas ... 
Langley, William ... 
Lobley, John 
Lumby, Samuel 
Lumby, William 
Lumby, William, sen. 
Milner, Matthew ... 
JVIoss, John ... 
Moss, Samuel 
Moss, William 
Moss, W^illiam 
Procter, Jacob 
Procter, John 
Rhodes, Joseph 
Ryley, William 
Smith, Robert 
Snow, Francis 
Taylor, David 
Wainman, John 
Walker, Samuel 
Willassey, John 
Wilson, William ... 
Watson, William .. 
W^ilson, Jeremiah ... 
For George Fox 



F. 
F. 
I". 
F. 
F. 
F. 
F. 
T. 
T. 
T. 
F. 
F. 
F. 
T. 
F. 
F. 
F. 
T. 
F. 
F. 
F. 
T. 
F. 
F. 
T. 
T. 
F. 



41. 



PARLIAMENTARY ELECTION, 1S07. 



MS 



The initial at the end of the name shows for whom the vote 
was given. The total state of the poll was C. Turner, 8,005 ! 
George Fox, 7,049. Which was Tory and which was Whig, the 
record does not state. 

The next great contest was in 1807, when the most exciting 
and expensive contest which has ever occured in the history of 
electioneering took place in this county, when the two great 
aristocratic families, Fitzwilliam (Whig) and Harewood (Tory), 
were contesting for the representation of the County in Parlia- 
ment. The candidates were Wm. Wilberforce, Esq., Lord Milton, 
and the Hon. Henry Lascelles. The real struggle was between 
Milton and Lascelles, as both parties concurred in the election of 
Mr. Wilberforce. During the fifteen days' poll, the county was 
in a state of the most violent agitation, party spirit being wound 
up to the highest pitch by the friends of the two noble families, 
and everything being done that money or personal exertion could 
accomplish ; the roads in every direction were covered with con- 
veyances of all descriptions, conve)ang voters from the most 
remote corners of this great county to York to record their votes. 
The poll commenced on May 20th and ended June 5th, when the 
numbers polled were — Wilberforce 11,806; Milton 11,177; 
Lascelles 10,989. 117 persons went from Pudsey, and they voted 
as follows : — Milton 98, 94 of them being plumpers ; Lascelles 
18 ; Wilberforce 18. The following is a list of the Pudsey voters : 

VV. L. M. W. L. ^T. 



Ainsvvorth, Isaac, clothier 
Ainsworth. Jas, clothier, Tong 
Ainsworth, Titus, blacksmith 
Awmack, James, clothier 

Asquith, John, cooper 

Balm, John, combmaker 

Banks, Thos. , clothier 

Banks, James, do. Eccleshill 

Banks, Joseph, do 

Binns, Samuel, do. Alverthorpe 

Boocock, John do 

Booth, John do 

Boyes, Samuel do 

Boyes, Samuel do 

Boyes, John do 

Brown, James, woolstapler ... 

Carbutt, Thos., clothier 

Carlisle, Thos. Fairfax, drysalter 

Carter, Richard, mason 

Cauthray, Wm. , clothier 
Clayton, J., drysalter, Bramley 
Clifford, Jeremiah, merchant... 

Cooper, John, butcher 

Cooper, John do 



Cooper, Wm., clothier 

Cooper, Joseph do 

Crampton, Wm do. Bramley 
Crampton, John do. do. ... 

Crowther, Jeremiah do 

Crovvther. John do 

Dean, John, clothier 

Dean, Benjamin do 

Dodgson, Joseph do 

Driver, Joseph, carpenter 
Dufton, Thomas, clothier 
Elsworth, Joseph do. 
Elwind, Wm. do. Armley 

Elwind, Wm. do 

Farrar, Richard do 

Farrar, Richard, woolstapler... 
Farrar, Samuel, gent., Bramley 

Farrar, Samuel, clothier 

Farrar, John, yeoman, Bramley 
Farrar, John, clothier 
Farrar, Wm. do. I'^arsley... 

Farrar, \Vm. do. 

Farrar, Henry do. 

Fearnlev, John do. 



ti6 



HISTORY OF PiJlDSEY. 



Gaunt, Daniel do. 
Gaunt, John, jun., clothier 



^v.L.^ 



Greaves, \Vm. do. 

Greaves, \Vm. do. 

Haiste, Wm. do. 

Hall, Joseph do. 

Hall, David do. 

Hare, John do. 

Hargreaves, J., Cireat Horton 
Harrison, James, clothier 
Harrison, James do. 
Harrison, James do. Bramley 
Harrison, John do. do. 

Harrison, Wm. do 

Howgate, Samuel, yeoman ... 
Helmsley, John, clothier 
Hinchliffe, Joseph, farmer ... i 
Hinchliffe, John, clothier 
Hinchliffe, Samuel do. 
Hinchliffe, Samuel do. 
Hining, John do. 

Hining, Kol^ert do. 

Hining, Wm. do. 

Hodgson, Wm., fellmonger . 

Howarth, Wm., clerk i i 

Hutchinson, Abrm., woolstapler I 

Hutchinson, Matt., woolstapler i i 
Jackson, James, gent. , Bramley i 

Ingham, .Samuel, farmer I 

Jones, Zachariah, smith i 

Lairtl, '1 ho. , dissenting minister I 

Lister, John, clothier I 

Lobley, John do i 

Lumby, Wm. do I 

Lumby, Wm., miller I l8 i8 98 

Lumby, Joshua, clothier ... i - 

On the termination of the voting, and the result being made 
known, such was the enthusiasm of our townsmen that nothing 
would serve but they must "chair" his lordship, who accordingly 
was carried by a party of them through the streets of York. 
After a few squabbles in the streets, such as generally took place 
formerly at elections, between them and the opposite side, the 
proceedings terminated ; and though some of the inhabitants of 
York were desirous of keeping the chair in York, it was brought 
in triumph to Pudsey, where it was carried round the village in 
an enthusiastic demonstration of Liberal victory. It was occupied 
during their perambulations by one of their number, who fre- 
quently bowed to the cheering crowds a la Lord Milton. The 
chair was ultimately deposited in the Board room of the Leeds 
Coloured Cloth Hall. I have in my possession a relic of this 
election, being one of the orange cards worn by one of those who 



Lumby, Christopher, clothier 
Mitchell, Jonathan, carpenter 
Mitchell, John do. 

Mitchell, John, clothier ... 
Moor, Daniel, butcher ... 
Moss, Charles, clothier ... 
Moss, Wm. , butcher 
Moss, Samuel, clothier ... 
Musgrave, John do. . 
Myers, Wm., carrier 
Nailor, John, mason 
Oates, Wm., clothier 
Pool, George, gent., Bramley 
Ratcliffe, yeoman, Bramley ... 
Richardson, James, woolstapler 
Rither, Thomas, merchant 
Roberts, Benjamin, joiner 

Scarth, Wm., clothier 

Senior, Joseph, tailor 

Scholefield, John, clothier 
Shoesmith, Jno., worsted manf 
Tindall, Edmund, clothier ... 
Upton, John do. 

Verity, Benjamin do. Bramley 

Walker, Wm., drysalter 

Walker, John, carpenter 
Watkinson, John, cordwainer 

Webster, John, clothier 

Wilkinson, Jos., shopkeeper . 
Wilkinson, Henry, woolstapler 
Whitfield, John, clothier 
Whitfield, John do. 
Wood, Thomas do. 



W.L.M. 



THE REFORM BILL. II7 

took part in the contest. Its motto is "Milton a Plumper." During 
the time of the poll the inhabitants of Pudse}' took the liveliest 
interest in the matter, and assembled in large numbers daily to 
hear the result of the poll from the special messenger who, when 
returning by way of Beulah, announced his approach by blowing 
his horn. There were no daily newspapers or telegraphs at that 
day to give the result. 

In 1826, nineteen years after the above great contest, this 
county was again the scene of keen political excitement. Four 
members were wanted for the first time. Five \vere nominated, 
viz., Lord Milton, the Hon. W. Buncombe, Mr. John Marshall, 
Mr. Richard F. Wilson, and Mr. Richard Bethell, and a poll was 
expected and prepared for ; but previous to the day of election, 
Mr. Bethell withdrew his name, and the other four were then 
declared duly elected. As wrs customary on such occasions, a 
number of special constables were sworn in to preserve the peace. 
Lord Milton, who had not forgotten his enthusiastic and warm- 
hearted friends of 1807, recommended that his constables should 
be Pudsey men ; accordingly, fifty-two of them were sworn in as 
" specials," and when the election and subsequent "chairing "of the 
members terminated, fifty-one men brought home with them to 
Pudsey the large staves with which they had been furnished, by 
virtue of their office as constables ; the remaining one belonged 
to a man who resided at Holbeck,but who was a native of Pudsey. 
At the "chairing" his lordship was entirely surrounded by these 
52 men with their long red staves. I have one of these staves in 
my possession. No. 30, which is rather over six feet in length, and 
was borne by my father on that occasion. 

After the rejection of the Reform Bill, on May 7th, 1832, by 
the House of Lords, large and enthusiastic meetings were held 
by the Reformers throughout the country, and on the i6th of 
May a large meeting of about 4,000 persons was held at Pudsey, 
in the Crawshaw Fields, convened by the Chief Constable, Mr. 
John Crampton, in compliance with a numerously-signed requisi- 
tion. Mr. Crampton was called to preside, and a number of 
enthusiastic resolutions were passed appropriate to the occasion. 

In 1832 the Reform Bill was passed after a great struggle, 
and the county was divided; the West Riding to return two 
members; the population in 1831 being 976,415, and the electors, 
in 1832, 16,918. 

In the Leeds Mercury of the 25th of August, 1832, there 
appeared the following paragraph : — 

No place in Yorkshire has shown a more becoming zeal to secure the elective 
privilege than the populous village of Pudsey. Li this place there are about 250 



Il8- HISTORY or PUDSEY. 

fieeholders, etc., entitled to vote for county members, and out of that number, upwards 
of 230 have registered their votes. The terrors of a "blue " candidate had much 
influence in quickening their zeal, for they are almost all great admirers of the Sun's 
own colour— the bright orange. 

The two gentlemen nominated for members were both 
Liberals, and there being no other nominations, Lord Morpeth 
and Sir G. Strickland were declared elected without a conte.st. 
In Parsons History of Leeds and Neighbow'liood, published in 
1834, mention is made that at the first registration of voters in 
1832, great excitement was caused by Tory objections to about 
90 persons in Pudsey, who were share-holders in the company 
woollen mills. Sixty-six of the claims were allowed by the 
revising barrister at Bradford, and the consequence was that the 
victory was celebrated with unbounded rejoicings, the church 
bells were rung, and the church steeple was also illuminated 
during the general congratulations and festivities. 

In January, 1835, the same two Liberal members were 
re-elected without opposition ; but on Lord Morpeth being 
appointed Secretary for Ireland, his re-election was opposed by 
the Tories, and a contest took place in May, 1835, which resulted 
as follows : — 

Pudsey votes Total votes 

Lord Morpeth (L) ' (136) 9,066 

Hon. J. S. Wortley(C) (61) 6,259 

Majority 2,807 
Tlurj were 218 voters in Pudsey at this time. 

In August, 1837, another election took place for two mem- 
bers, resulting as follows : — 

Pudsey votes Total votes 
Lord Morpeth (L) (167) 12,638 

Sir G. Strickland (L) {163) 12,004 

Hon. J. S. Wortley (C) (106) ",566 

Total number of voters in Pudsey, 311. 

In Jul}', 1 84 1, the next election for two members took place, 

as follows : — • 

Pudsey votes Total votes 

Hon. T. S Wortley (C) (143) '3.165 

E. B. Denison (C) (139) 12780 

Lord Morpeth (L) (239) 12,031 

Lord Milton (L) (242) 12,080 

Total number of voters in Pudsey, 435. 

On Mr. Wortley succeeding to the peerage, Lord Morpeth 
was elected in February, 1846, without a contest, and on his 
appointment to the office of First Lord Commissioner of Woods 
and P^orests, was re-elected in Jul)' of the same \'ear, 



PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS. II 9 

In August, 1847, a general election took place, when Lord 
Morpeth and Richard Cobden,two Liberals, were elected without 
a contest. 

On Lord Morpeth succeeding to the peerage in 1848, a con- 
test for the vacant seat took place, with the following result : — 

Pudsey votes Total votes 
Edmund Denison (C) (133) 14.743 

Sir Culling Eardley (L) (141) li,795 

Total number of votes in Pudsey, 321. 

At a general election in July, 1852, Richard Cobden (L)and 
Edmund Denison (C) were returned without a contest. 

In March, 1857, another election took place, when E. Deni- 
son (C) and Lord Godcrich (L) were elected without opposition, 
and on Lord Goderich succeeding to the peerage in 1859, Sir 
John W. Ramsden (L), was elected without opposition ; but on 
the defeat of the Derby Ministry in April, 1859, a general 
election took place in May, and a contest ensued resulting as 
follows : — 

Sir John W. Ramsden (L) IS.98 

Francis Crossley(L) ... ... ... ... ... 15-401 

Rt. Hon. J. S. Wortley (C) 13,636 

The two Liberal candidates visited Pudsey previous to the 
election, and addressed a meeting of between 2,000 and 3,000 
persons in the open-air on Waver Green ; and Mr. Wortley, the 
Conservative candidate, also addressed an open-air meeting in 
Chapeltown, on May 3rd. 

In January, 1859, a Parliamentary Reform Association was 
formed in Pudsey, for the purpose of advocating the cause of 
Parliamentary Reform, and the claims of Pudsey and neighbour- 
hood being made into an electoral district to send a member to 
Parliament, with Pudsey as the name and centre. Certain 
persons and journals treated the proposal with derision. But 
that which was then ridiculed has now become an accomplished 
fact ! 

In 1 86 1, the West Riding was ordered to be divided into 
Northern and Southern divisions at the next election, each to 
return two members. 

A general election took place in July, 1865, when Sir Francis 
Crossley and Lord Frederick Cavendish, two Liberals, were 
returned for the Northern Division unopposed ; and in the 
Southern Division a contest occurred with the following result: — 

Lord Milton (L) 7,258 

H. F. Beaumont (L) 6,975 

C. B. Denison (C) 6,884 

W, S. Stanhope (C) ' ... 6,819 



I20 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

WEST RIDING — EASTERN DIVISION. 

The first election, after the West Riding was divided into 

three divisions, took place in Nov., 1868, when a contest was 
fought with the following result :— 

Puflsey votes Total votes 

C. B. Denison (C) (227) 7-437 

J.Fielden (C) (223) 7,«35 

H. S. Thompson (L) (258) 7,047 

Isaac Hoklen (L) (258) 6.867 

The Conservative candidates addressed their supporters at 
the New Inn, Pudsey, on Sept. 30th, and the Liberal candidates 
addressed a large open-air meeting at Pudsey on Oct. 14th. 

This was the last election by open voting, the two elections 
following being by ballot. The first of these was in Feb., 1874, 
and resulted as follows : — 

C. B. Denison (C) 8.240 

T. Fielden (C) 8,077 

Sir J. W. Ramsden (L) 7,285 

Isaac Holden (L) 7>2i8 

Sir J. W. Ramsden and Mr, Holden visited Pudsey on the 5th of 
February, and addressed a meeting in the Public Hall. 

The next general election was in April, 1880, and the result 
was as follows : — 

Sir Andrew Fairbairn (L) 9,$^^ 

Sir J. W. Ramsden (L) ... 9,406 

C. B Denison (C) 8,341 

Lord Lascelles (C) 8,157 

All the candidate.'' visited Pudsey and delivered addresses to 
their supporters, before the election. 

These notes would not be anything like complete, without 
some mention being made of the influence which a small body of 
voters in Pudsey has sometimes exerted in the exciting election 
contests in Leeds. In 1834 a very close contest took place 
between the late Mr, Edward Baines and Sir John Beckett, for 
the representation of the borough. On the second day of the 
poll, when the result was trembling in the balance, the voters 
from Pudsey Allan Brigg Mill, about 40 in number, marched in 
a body, and voted for Mr. Baines, who thus won the election by 
30 votes. The Tories were so sore with these honest voters, that 
they gave them the title of " The Forty Thieves." At the next 
revision of voters, they were all struck off the voters' list, as joint 
owners of Allan Brigg Mill, on account of a flaw in the list, as 
they were entered as of the firm of "Webster, Horn & Co.," in the 
rate book, instead of "Webster, Horn, Harrison & Co." Whether 
this was accidental or otherwise, there were different opinions on 



THE PUDSEY DIVISION. 121 

the matter. However, this error was afterwards rectified, and at 
almost every election which has taken place since then, this little 
corner of the borough of Leeds has been visited by the Liberal 
candidates during their canvass to address the electors. 

An important political event in the history of Pudsey was 
the acquisition of the name of the " Pudsey Division " given to 
one of the six sub-divisions into which the Eastern Division of 
the West Riding was apportioned by the Redistribution Bill of 
1885. The name was given in the first instance, by the Boundary 
Commissioners in their scheme, and was subsequently favoured 
by the Commissioner sent down to Leeds to take evidence. 
In April, 1885, when the House of Commons met in Committee 
on the Seats Bill, a claim was made that the name should be 
changed to Calverley, or Kirkstall, but this was defeated. At the 
Quarter Sessions, held at Bradford, on June 29th, the Justices 
directed that Pudsey should be the centre for all purposes relating 
to the election of members to Parliament for the " Pudsey 
Division," and this decision gave unqualified satisfaction to the 
inhabitants. 

The townships v/hich comprise the Pudsey division (1885) 
are as follows : — 

Population. Acreage. Rateable Value. Voters on 

'^ " Register. 

Calverley 2,246 2,074 13,872 477 

Churwell i)973 4^9 7,7to 353 

Drighlington 4,214 1,136 10,050 690 

Farsley 4,434 860 13,472 878 

Gildersome 3,470 993 9,833 575 

Horsforth 6,346 2,801 20,770 1,148 

Hunsworth 1,516 1,380 ii,742 267 

Pudsey 12,314 2,409 37,634 1-625 

Rawdon 3,407 1,559 17,107 558 

Tong 5,591 2,657 17,881 995 

Leeds (Freeholders of Pudsey Division) 4,423 

11,989 

At the first election of a Member of Parliament for the 
Pudsey Division, the candidates were Briggs Priestley, Esq., 
J. P., of Ferncliffe, Apperley, and Surr William Duncan, Esq., 
of Horsforth Hall. The event came off on December ist, 1885, 
and great interest was manifested in the proceedings. The 
arrangements for the election were in the hands of Sir George 
W. Morrison, Knight, the deputy returning officer, who received, 
after the result was declared, the hearty thanks of both the 
candidates for the fairness and impartiality with which he had 
discharged his onerous duties. The casting up the votes took 



122 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

place in the Mechanics' Institute, and the result was made known 
to the crowd assembled outside the building at 1 1 p.m. on the 
day of polling. The numbers were : — 

Briggs Priestley (Liberal) 6,363 

Surr W. Duncari (Conservative) ... ... ... 4>o39 

Liberal majority ... ... ... .. 2,324 

At the general election in July, 1886, the candidates were 
Briggs Priestley, Esq., and Arthur W. Riicker, Esq. The polling 
took place on July 7th, when the result was as follows : — 

Briggs Priestley (Liberal) ... .. 5,-207 

A. VV. Riicker (Liberal Unionist) 4.036 

Liberal majority ... ... ... ... 1,171 

Mr, Briggs Priestley was born at Thornton, in the year 1831. 
The business career of Mr. B. Priestley has been bound up with 
the Bradford trade, and by untiring energy and business sagacity 
he has won for himself a prominent position in the ranks of our 
captains of industry. In early life he was employed as a mill- 
hand at the works of Messrs. Craven and Harrop, manufacturers, 
Thornton, but his diligence and general aptitude for business 
were not allowed to pass unrecognised. Mr. Priestley was ac- 
cordingly promoted to the responsible position of "market man," 
and eventually, upon the retirement of his employers in 1858, 
he entered into partnership with Mr. Francis Craven. Two 
years later Mr. Priestley established himself in Bradford as a 
manufacturer, in co-partnership with his brother, the late Mr. 
Henry Priestley, who at that time was running a portion of 
Shearbridge Mills. After a time this connection was dissolved, 
and Mr. Priestley took possession of the Atlas Mills, Laisterdyke, 
where, in conjunction with his sons, he has built up a business of 
considerable magnitude. In addition, the firm have worsted 
mills at Thornton, and altogether find employment for upwards 
of 1,000 operatives. Mr. Briggs Priestley, as the head of the 
firm, is now practically retired from business life, and has 
devoted the last few years to tours of observation in various 
parts of the globe. We believe that Mr. Priestley's greatest 
pride and satisfaction connected with his commercial career, is 
that for thirty years he has been able to maintain unbroken a 
good and friendly feeling betwixt himself and his emplo}'(fs. 

During many years of active life Mr. Priestley has not for- 
gotten his duty in regard to the public sei-vice. For thirteen 
years he rendered valuable assistance to the work of local 



BRIGGS PRIESTLEY, M.P. 1 23 

government. He was elected a member of the Town Council 
for Little Horton Ward, Bradford, in 1867, and was identified 
in succeeding years with the various committees of that muni- 
cipal body. As chairman of the Recreation Grounds Committee, 
his untiring zeal and generosity resulted in the provision of a 
park for Horton. He likewise inaugurated the proposal for the 
establishment of a permanent art gallery and museum in Brad- 
ford. While still a councillor for Little Horton Ward, Mr. 
Briggs Priestley was selected as chief magistrate of the borough 
in 1877. In November, 1879, he was elevated to the aldermanic 
bench, but retired from municipal office in the following year. 
For a long period of years Mr. Priestley was also a member of 
the Council of the Bradford Chamber of Commerce, the Brad- 
ford Board of Guardians, and the Infirmary Board. He occupies 
a seat on the borough bench of magistrates. 

Mr. Priestley has in many ways practically demonstrated 
the interest he takes in the elevation and moral and social well- 
being of those by whom he is surrounded. In 1868 he established 
in New Leeds district a school, at which orphan children received 
free education and food and clothing. Two years later Mr. 
Priestley founded a school for fatherless children in the Bolton 
Road district, but the altered relationship of the State in regard 
to elementary education compelled the closing of these schools. 

In politics Mr. Priestley is an advanced Liberal, and has in 
many ways proved his usefulness in the sphere of practical 
politics. On the formation of the Liberal Association for the 
Eastern Division of Bradford, he was chosen president. For 
some years Mr. Priestley has resided at Ferncliffe, Apperley 
Bridge. In religion he is a Baptist, and when resident in Brad- 
ford was connected with Trinity Chapel. In 1852 he married 
Miss Crabtree, a lady of Lincolnshire extraction, but who at the 
time was living in Bradford with her brother, a minister attached 
to the Primitive Methodist denomination. Mr. Priestley's family 
consists of four sons and two daughters. 

In concluding our sketch of the political history of Pudsey, 
we may remark, that in a Parliamentry return issued in February, 
1887, referring to the illiterates who voted at the general election 
in July, 1886, the fitness of the voters in the Pudsey Division to 
exercise the franchise was clearly demonstrated. According to 
official and authoritative documents, this division stands at the 
head of the County Parliamentary Divisions in Yorkshire, as 
having the fewest illiterate voters. The illiterates in the Pudsey 
Division, in which there were 9,243 voters, were one in 134. In 




IjA^VlOSn TpwN wrtE« lTW^%KlAt)£:lNC0MlYI£M0f?AT(O/V OF f^^^ T[{A 




PUDSEY BIG PUDDING. 12^ 

Bradford the proportion was one in 103, in Leeds one in 58. In 
England and Wales the average was one in 62, Scotland one in 
74, and in Ireland, ^//^ voter in every five, was illiterate. 

Whenever any great political question has arisen, an 
expression of feeling has generally been given by the politicians 
of Pudsey. In proof of this, I need only refer to the newspaper 
accounts of the public meetings and lectures, held at various 
times, for the discussion of political questions. 

During the Corn Law agitation, Pudsey was most 
enthusiastic in its demonstrations in favour of a repeal of the 
obnoxious impost, and during several years meetings were held 
and lectures given, until the question was finally settled. 

The year 1846 will always be memorable in British history 
as the time when the Corn Laws were repealed. All over the 
country, but most particularly in the manufacturing districts, 
there were demonstrations of rejoicing, but none of these 
enthusiastic manifestations of the public feeling were more 
characteristic or racy of the soil than that which took place at 
Pudsey. At Leeds the news of the passing of the measure in 
the House of Lords repealing the Corn Laws, after considerable 
agitation, was received with many signs of public rejoicing. But 
at Pudsey an original and typical mode of celebrating the 
important event was adopted. A number of P'ree Traders had 
formed themselves into what was called " The Little Committee," 
which met at the house of Mr. John Baker, the rate-collector, to 
devise means to celebrate the great event. Amongst those 
forming the committee and the promoters of the demonstration 
were Messrs. W. Huggan, W. Minings, senr., J. A. Hinings, John 
Emsley (now of America), W. Musgrave, S. Musgrave, W. D. 
Scales, G. Hinings, R. Gaunt, J. E. Hinings, W. R. Hinings, 
John Boocock, Jas. Halliday, John Baker, Hy. Wilcock, Cleo. 
Myers, Jno. Haigh, Jas. Hargreaves, Geo. Walton, Edmund 
Dufton, and W. Wood. 

The outcome of the deliberations of " The Little Com- 
mittee " was the determination to provide a monster plum 
pudding — such a pudding as the world had never seen before. 
We have heard it said it was the suggestion of Mr. J. A. Hinings, 
but whoever conceived the idea it proved a big success, and 
helped to make more widely known a place that had already 
achieved great distinction amongst its neighbours. The pud- 
ding was composed of twenty stones of flour, with suet, fruit, 
etc., in proportion. The ingredients were divided amongst 
twenty housewives, who each mixed her share into the requisite 



126 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

consistency, ready for the final blending. Leave was obtained of 
the Crawshaw Mill Co. to boil the monster pudding in one of 
the dye-pans of the " Leadhus." The pan having been duly 
scoured, it was filled with water from the spring. The dames 
then brought their twenty " bowls " containing the mixed flour, 
fruit and suet, and these were tipped into a large and strong 
new canvas " poke " — specially made for the purpose — and by 
means of a windlass that had been fixed over the pan the 
" weighty matter " was hoisted into the vessel. For three days 
and nights the pudding was kept boiling, along with half a dozen 
smaller ones to keep it company. On the 31st July, 1846, the 
puddings were craned out of the huge copper, and placed upon 
a wherry, lent by Mr. W. Wood, stone merchant. Here the 
steaming monster sat in triumph, the smaller puddings being 
around it, the whole forming a solid and substantial evidence of 
the material idea meant to be conveyed by the recent Act of the 
Legislature, and the benefits it was believed the people would 
reap thereby. A procession was formed, headed by Mr. J. A. 
Hinings and Mr. Saml. Musgrave, on horseback, and four grey 
horses were yoked to the wherry containing the puddings, the 
driver of which, James Wilson, watchman at the Priestley Mill 
at the time, but who had previously been a sailor, exhibited no 
small degree of pride in the part he played in the memorable 
event of that day. Hundreds of persons joined the procession, 
and thousands of others lined the streets, the liveliest interest 
being shown in the demonstration — even beyond the borders of 
the town, for visitors from far and wide having heard of the 
" stir " came to see the " Pudsey big pudding."* Afterwards the 
procession returned to Crawshaw Mill, where, in the adjoining 
field, tables were arranged in the form of a large military square, 
the wherry with its toothsome freight being placed in the centre. 
Tickets were sold at a shilling each to those who were desirous 
of dining off the extraordinary pudding, but each guest had to 
provide his own plate, and knife and fork or spoon. Hundreds 
of hungry onlookers sat on the walls surrounding the field, and 
once at least these made an ugly rush to get to the tables, but 
they were driven back and kept at bay by the vigilance of 
Messrs. J. A. Hinings and Saml. Musgrave, who, on horseback, 
kept up an incessant patrol of the ground. The pudding was 
literally dug out by Mr. W. Hinings, senr., who was armed with 
a small spade for the purpose. That the dish was of an excellent 



*Our illustration of the procession of the Bi? Pudding, is copied from a stained glass window 
in the panel of the door of the billiard room at Grove House, Pudsey. The full size of the picture is 
3 feet by 2 feet. It was painted for Mr. W. D. Scales, by Mr. Booer, of Leeds, in the year 1878. 



t^EACE REJOICINGS. 127 

nature is proved by the fact that some of the guests " sent up 
their plates " three or four times ! But there are hmits to every- 
thing — even the congenial occupation of eating plum pudding 
with rum sauce accompaniment must come to an end, anci after 
the last of the guests who had paid their shillings had been served, 
there was still some of the pudding left, and the aforesaid hungry 
onlookers and others then had a turn, the result being that the 
last of the " Big Pudding" was soon safely tucked away, and so 
ended a remarkable incident in the history of Pudsey. 

Addresses were given, — Messrs. G. Minings, John Emsley 
(now of Philadelphia, U.S.A.), and one or two others, haranguing 
the crowd upon the great and glorious event that had been 
achieved for the masses of the people in the repeal of the Corn 
Laws, in a manner that would have delighted Ebenezcr Elliott 
himself Nor were the women who had assisted in making the 
pudding, etc., forgotten, for, on the following da}-, they sat down 
to a rum and tea party, of such a substantial character that it is 
still remembered by such as survive, in the most lively manner.* 

On public occasions when the loyalty of the inhabitants has 
been appealed to, political differences have been forgotten, and 
all classes have worked harmoniously together. In 1856, on the 
termination of the war with Russia, the return of peace was 
celebrated by a general rejoicing. The mills and shops were 
closed either the whole or part of the day, and very little w^ork 
was done. Extensive preparations had been made for the 
procession, — tea parties, dinners, and other rejoicings and 
demonstrations. At half-past one o'clock the inhabitants. began 
to assemble in Chapeltown to join the procession. The pro- 
gramme of the day commenced by the reading of the proclamation 
of peace, by John Farrer, Esq., J. P., Grove House. The Rev. 
H. J. Graham, M. A., incumbent of Pudsey, then delivered a short 
address, at the conclusion of which the procession moved off in 
the following order : — 

The Chief Constable, on horseback ; 

Three Crimean Heroes, wearing their medals, in full dress, and on 

horseback ; 

Yorkshire Hussars, in Uniform ; 

Four Peninsula and Waterloo Veterans, wearing their medals; 

The Pudsey West End Brass Band ; 

Great Peace Banner; 

Carriages ; 

Gentlemen on horseback, three abreast ; 

Waggons, Wherries, and Carts; 

Ihe Pudsey Reed Band; 

* This account of the Pudsey demonstration has been contributed by Mr. John Middlebrook 
of Pudsey. 



128 HISTORY OF PUDSEV. 

Gentlemen on foot, four abreast ; 
Workpeople from the various Manufactories; 

Members of the Literary Union; 

Members of the various Friendly Societies ; 

The Pudsey Union Band ; 

Sunday School Teachers and Children. 

The procession moved down Church Lane, Lowtovvn, Lane-end, 
returning by the King's Arms, up Lowtown, on Manor-house 
Street, down Robin Lane, Littlemoor, up Fartown, Bankhouse 
Lane, through Fuhieck, up Fartown, along Greenside to Chapel- 
town, where it terminated after singing the National Anthem. All 
the aged persons in the town who wished to do so partook of a 
good tea, prepared for them at the following places : — The Public 
Rooms, Lowtown; National School, Radcliffe Lane; Independent 
School, Greenside ; and Mr. E. Sevvell's School-room, Fulneck. 
The utmost unanimity and order pervaded all classes during the 
procession, and throughout the day ; and the committee received 
great praise for their indefatigable labours in the management 
and getting up of these rejoicings. In the evening a grand 
display of fireworks took place in Chapeltown. Amongst the 
rest appeared in fire "Peace," "The Town and Trade of Pudsey," 
and, as a finale, " God save the Queen." The whole display was 
made by Mr. Scott, of Pudsey. In the evening several private 
illuminations took place in gas devices, transparencies, etc. The 
mill-owners treated their workpeople with roast beef, plum 
pudding, and other edibles : — Albion, Cliff, Cravvshaw, Claughton 
Garth, and Union, These mills employ above 500 persons. 
Messrs. Scales and Salter, boot and shoe makers, gave the persons 
in their employ (nearly ninety), a substantial treat of roast beef, 
plum pudding, etc. Mr. W. Huggan, cloth manufacturer, also 
treated his men in the same way ; and several sheep were roasted 
in various parts of the town for the enjoyment of the inhabitants 
generally. 

The marriage of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales 
with the Princess Alexandra in 1863, was celebrated in Pudsey 
in a truly loyal style. The bells of the church sent forth their 
merry peals at intervals during the day, and British, Danish, and 
other flags were hung out in every street, and the day was 
observed as a general holiday. Notwithstanding the very 
unfavourable state of the weather, the procession started at the 
time appointed, and was a very creditable display. It assembled 
in Chapeltown at one o'clock, and shortly afterwards started off 
in the following order : — Gentlemen on horseback, gentlemen's 
carriages, etc.; four of Captain Pepper's railway wherries; waggons 



PUBLIC RETOICINGS. 



129 



and other conveyances ; Pudsey Union Band, with large banner; 
Piidsey Choral Societ}'; Pudsey fire engine and brigade ; gentle- 
men on foot ; police ; Sunday Schools ; Church Schools ; 
Independent School ; Wesleyan Upper School ; Primitive 
Methodist School ; Zion School ; Wesleyan Lower School. The 
procession moved down Church Lane, Lowtown, and returning 
up Lowtown, passed on Manor-house Street, down Robin Lane, 
Littlemoor, up Fartown, Greenside to Chapeltown, where it 
separated, after singing the National Anthem, and giving three 
cheers for the Prince of Wales and the Princess Alexandra, three 
for the Queen, and three for the township of Pudsey. The 
whole of the proceedings were ably carried out under the super- 
intendence of Mr. E. Sewell, the honorary secretary, and other 
members of the committee. A good substantial tea was provided 
gratuitously for all the old people above sixty years of age, in five 
of the different schools in the town. After the procession the 
school children were treated with a tea, etc., at their respective 
schools. Wedding favours of Coventry riband and medals were 
very generally worn. In the evening a partial illumination took 
place. A sheep was roasted whole at Littlemoor, and partaken 
of by a large number at the Railway Hotel. 




K 




ETYMOLOGIES. 




HE origin and derivation of the name "Pudsey"are 
far from being satisfactorily settled. The derivation 
may be from " Pode " (Latin), signifying foot or 
bottom, or from " Pod," derived from Boede, or Bode 
(Dutch), signifying a habitation, and " Schaia," brow 
a hill. Those who are acquainted with Pudsey will 
know that the town extends from the foot, or bottom, 
to the brow of a hill, and that it is a town or habitation 
on the hill, and, no doubt, it bore a similar name to Podechesaie 
before the Norman Conquest, when Dunstan and Stainulf, two 
Saxon thanes, were its possessors, and its value was given at 
forty shillings — a considerable sum in those days, though after- 
wards it was reduced to waste by the Norman invader. 

The late Rev. N. Greenwell has given the following as 
derivation of the name : — 
Pudsey. — Pudda's water, Pud, pudda, O.E. , a man's name, Ey, ea, O. E., water. 
To this" supposition, there is no probability whatever of its 
being correct, and no one who knew the natural features of the 
township could have put forth such a supposition, as there is no 
water near the place which could have given any countenance to 
the origin of such a name. 

Another writer, A. S. E., has written on the same subject a 
much more probable derivation than that of Mr. Greenwell's, viz. : 

In taking the oldest spelling of the name, Podechesaie, as found in Domesday 
Book, we must recollect that the scribes of that remarkable record were Normans, and 
sometimes wrote "vill" for "well," — instead of " Thurstanland," wrote " Tosten- 
land," as they spelt the well-known Christian name without the"r." The "s" in 
I'udsey is almost certainly the possessive, belonging to the first syllable, which leaves 



the 



ETYMOLOGIES. 



131 



the second the well-known suffix, denoting an enclosure, which we have in " Round- 
hay." Whether " Podech " is a man's name or represents some form of the Celtic 
word meaning the same thing as "hay," i.e., park or paddock, I will not pretend to 
say, but it is very common to find the second part of a name to be an unconscious 
translation of the first. 

Before proceeding to mention other suppositions respecting 
the derivation of the name, I will give a list of the different ways 
of spelling it, which I have copied from various old charters and 
deeds, which are in the British Museum, Public Record Office, 
London, and in private hands. 



I 

2 
3 
4 
5 
6 

7 
8 

9 
10 
II 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 

17 
18 

19 
20 
21 
22 

23 
24 

25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 



Podechesaie 

Pudekescia 

Pudekesaj'e 

Puteacho 

Pudegesaia 

Pudekesay 

Pudekeshey 

Pudeysay 

Pudkesay 

Puchegchesay 

Pudkessaye 

Pudekessai 

Pudesheye 

Pudehesaia 

Poduscey 

Podekesey 

Pudesreshey 

Puduscey 

Pudeshaye 

Pudesay 

Podesay 

Pudeshey 

Puddessay 

Podesheye 

Pudessay 

Podusay 

Pudgsay 

Pugsay 

Poddesay 

Pudesedaia 

Pudegesaia 

Podesai 

Puddessay 

Pudesey 

Pud say 

Puddesay 

Pudsey 

Pudse 

Puddisey 

Pudsaye 



In Domesday Book 

Grant of Land to Flrkstall Abbey ... 

Charters conveying I and 

Charters relating to Bishop Pudsey ... 

Calverley I'eeds 

Hailstone's MSS. and Calverley Deeds 
do. do. 

do. do. 

do. Calverley Charters... 

do. do. 

do. do. 

Bodleian Library, MSS 

Kirkby's Inquest 

Wakefield Manor Rolls 

Ancient MS 

Grant of Land 

Hailstone's MSS. Grant of Land ... 

Kirkby's Inquest 

Calverley MSS 

do. do. 

Knight's Fees and do 

do. do. 
do. do. 
Deed. Sale of House and Land 



1081 to 1088 
1 190 

1154 to 1189 
1 180 

I216 to 1272 



do. 

Calverley jNISS. . 

do. do. 

do. do. 

do. do. 

Hailstone's MSS. 

do. do. 
Calverley MSS. . 



do. 



do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



1350 

1357 
1387 
1401 
1401 
1420 
1431 
1535 
1558 
1559 

With regard to the opinion held by some writers that 
Richard dc Pudsey, the founder of the ancient Pudsey family, 
gave his name to the place, the following excerpt from the MSS. 



do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
Valor Ecclesiasticus 

Calverley Deeds 

do. do. 



1222 


to 


1249 
1230 
1284 
1297 
1298 
1300 
1500 

1303 


1272 


to 


1307 

1 3^5 

1320 
1307 


1307 


to 


1327 


1272 to 


1307 



132 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

of John HopkinsoN, gent., a Yorkshire antiquary, as copied 
and corrected by Mr. THOMAS WlLSON, F.S.A., of Leeds, and 
now in the Leeds Old Library, will be the best answer which can 
probably be given : — 

Immediately preceding the Conquest, a.d. 1066, the manor of Pudsey was 
divided betwixt two Saxon Thanes, Dunstan and Stainulf, who, opposing the 
Conqueror, were disinherited, and the manor laid waste. Whereupon the Conqueror 
gave it, with many other manors, unto Ilbert de Lacy, one of his generals, who 
settled it in fee upon one of his favourite Normans. Bolton and Barford underwent 
the same fate. The former, before the Conquest, was in the possession of Berulf, and 
given to Lord Wm. Percy, the latter to Alan, Earl of Richmond, the Conqueror's 
nephews. Soon after the Conquest a general survey of the kingdom was taken, and 
the confiscated lands settled upon the Normans, to be holden of the king in capite, 
which estate, being too extensive to be holden by the Lord in demesne, they dis- 
persed several manors to other of their friends, to be holden in fee simple. So, the 
land being thus settled upon Normans, who, as is the custom in their country, took 
upon themselves surnames from the names of the places of their several settlements, 
and the better to distinguish, etc., several families, as Richard of Pudsey, John of 
Bolton, etc. 

Another derivation is given by Mr. J. TURNER, of Parsley, 
who says : — 

My own impression is that the word Pudsey is altogether topographical and 
formed on the same model as other local names in the district, as Farsley, Calverley, 
Stanningley, Bramley, Shipley, etc. It will be observed that these names consist of 
two elements standing to each other as adjective and noun. Herein lies the key to 
their derivation, and if they were spelled etymologically they would appear as follows : 
- — Furze-ley, Calf-ley, Stony-ley, Beck-ley, Broom-ley, Sheep-ley, etc. Now if the 
word Pudsey has been formed in this manner, and I believe it has, its original would 
most probably be Paddocks Hough, or Toads' Hollow. In support of this derivation 
I give the following reasons : — 1. It accords with the most ancient forms of the word, 
viz., Podechesaie, and Pudekescia. 2. It is topographically descriptive, as Pudsey 
abounds in houghs, or shakos. 3. The term Hough is still preserved in the district ; 
as Hough End, Swinnow or Swine Hough. 4. The local pronunciation of the name 
is not Pudsey, but Pudso. The abbreviated form of Paddock, when it signifies a 
toad, is Pad ; hence it is easy to understand how Paddocks Hough became Pads 
Hough, and eventually Pudsey. 

Turning our attention to the present local designations of 
farms, fields, and places in Pudsey, I find that some of these are 
of very early origin, but the meanings of them can be clearly 
ascertained, though in a few instances the appellations have met 
with contractions and corruptions in their transmission to us. 
Chapeltoivn is so named from the chapel, and is probably the 
oldest named district in the town, for, in an old book, published 
in 1577, I find " Pudsey Chapell " mentioned. Church Lane, d. 
modern name, derived from the church standing at one end of 
the same. Lidget-hill, Lidgete or Leodgate is an old term for 
road-gate (Saxon). Z.^7e//^w;/, signifying the lower part of the 
town. Robin Lane and some others probably derive their name 
from some person, resident, as in the case of Radcliffe Lane, 



ETYMOLOGIES. 1 33 

derived from Mr. RadcHffe, a gentleman who resided there. Clif^ 
signifying rock, as where the Cliff Mill stands. Liitlemoor, so 
named to distinguish it from the Uppermoor, both of which were 
waste lands seventy years ago. Fulneck, formerly called 
Fall'neck or Fall'nack, or oak. Banks stands for hill (Saxon). 
Greentop, Greenbotto7n, and Greenside all denote their meaning, 
as surrounding a large open space called " The Green." West 
Royd Hill^ " royd " signifies an essart or ground cleared of wood 
(Saxon). Windmill Hill, so named from the windmill. Waterloo^ 
probably named from the battle of that name. Gibraltar, pro- 
bably so called from the fortress of that name, in the Mediter- 
ranean, on account of the rocky nature of the place. Marshy 
marshy land probably when named. Allcotes means cottages 
or sheds, " cotes " (Saxon). Carr, a hollow as Black Carr, near 
Pudsey (Saxon). 

At the present time there exist in Pudsey sundry clusters 
of houses called " folds," and these were originally erected for 
purposes of mutual protection and defence. These are known as 
Back Fold, Carlisle Fold, Driver's Fold, Parsonage Fold, Turners 
Fold, Wilsons Fold, and others. It may be well to explain that, 
notwithstanding the term " fold " had for some centuries been 
used as applying to a single enclosure, it originally meant a wide, 
open plain. Of footpaths, we have many, the designations of 
which may afford the student of etymology exercise for his talents, 
viz. : Back Lane, Great Rails, Hanimerton Field, Jersey, Primrose 
Hill, Red Laithe, Tofts, and Workhouse Lane. 

The following derivations are given by Mr.W.WHEATER, an 
authority on place names : — 

Troydale, suggestive in name and yet most picturesque in aspect — even now the 
sylvan pride of the district. Its name is to be derived from the Celtic word, "Trowch" 
— a turn, as it does turn sharply, from the Norse Ra Kjarr (Roker, to-day) at the 
bottom of the Fulneck valley. How significant these two names, both referred to the 
same spot ! In the woody vale to which his word cHngs the Celt had lingered to the 
last. In the gill which ends at the Ra-Kjarr — the low-lying pasture at the corner — 
the Norseman had obtained the supremacy, and there fixed his "local habitation and a 
name." Onward to the north, through this umbrageous Troydale, the picture was closed 
by the rugged Hough, which terminates Bramley, and again speaks of the Norseman. 

Lidgett Hill has som; touch of the Celt remaining upon it ; it is the Lydgate or 
Ludgate Hill of the more famous places, and speaks of the people and their way to a 
more famous object, as does its metropolitan prototype. Hlud-geat is the Old 
English expression, meaning a back-door. 

The monks of Kirkstall have rendered us good service by illustrating, in their 
greed of land, the circumstances of that '■ ager," which gave name to Acer's Hall, 
Peter de Ferslay, son of Roger de Leysing, gave to them a messuage, etc., called 
Swayn-rode, near Belle-hus-gate, with the land lying between Swayn-rode, next to 
Belle-hus-dyke. In Belle-hus we have another hol-hiis, a farmstead and house, and in 
Belle-hus-dyke we have the dyke thereabouts. This repetition shows us how the lands 
were cleared, and the hunting grounds of the Celt turned into the cornfields of modern 
England. 



134 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

The name of the Swayn-rode fixes its own identity — it was in what we now call 
Swlnnoiv — Svinr-haugr, the boys' hill. This was no mere peasants' hill ; but whatever 
it was because it was the boys'-hill it marked occupation by a generation later than the 
men who held the Crimbles, and the Bol-hus, perhaps Gospatric and friends, and those 
who cleared Troydale. Adam Sampson, of Pudsey, was a great donor of lands to the 
Abbey ; it may be that when Sir Walter de Calverley, Knight, gave to the Chaplain of 
Yeadon, Nicholas Adamson, licence to give to the monks in Pudsey a messuage, and 
33 acres of land, it was to Nicholas, the son of this very Adam, the gift perhaps being 
afterwards known as the Priestley, the location of which would still be determined by 
Priest ky Mill. 

Allan Bn'sg is the modern form of the Old English Alewan-brycg, whicli means 
the " bridge at the aloe-tree." Nasty, dirty, confined, and confused is the spot now-a- 
days, but when that aloe tree flourished on the banks of a mountain stream, a sweeter 
spot would rarely be found. At its feet lay the opening Troydale, above which was 
the frontage of Farnley, where the liracken glossed the meadow and the oak shaded 
the bareness of the hill. The birds sang there in the groves, in the thickets the stag 
raised his antlers in the perfection of forest pride. The wide stretch of Swinnow Moor 
bore the heather-bell and the purple bilberry. The ox-team and the "labouring swain" 
fringed that free expanse at the Intake, but the Outgang was the home of the bee and 
the pasture of the doe and the fawn. Army cloths were not then made in Pudsey, 
and filth was not poured into its pellucid streams, where the trout leapt, and the crane 
and the heron sought their evening meals. 

Grcenside, a name which plainly indicates the place where Gothic Pudsey held its 
sports and its gambols — where the maypole would be raised and the lads and lasses 
would steal to that sweet commingling, which ends the dream of childhood and awakens 
the dreams amidst the stern realities of life. The Greenside slopes down to the 
Rad-cliffe and Littlemoor bottom, in other words, as I take it, to the foot of the people's 
land. Beyond Littlemoor bottom, that is, lower down the slope of the hill, were the 
Troydale domains, where the Celtic hunter and the wrestling peasant were working 
out their destiny. The Green of gothic Pudsey has its site yet marked by the street 
names. The Norse word Sida means a margin, and therefore in Greenside we have 
our margin. Greentop, at the foot of the Heights, and the commencement of Fartown, 
would be what its name indicated, the southern extremity. But where ended the 
Green towards the West ? Not three hundred yards away from the Greenside, I 
presume ; there where West Royd now starts for its ascent to Pine Belly Hill — a bluff 
corner, where the storms of winter rage with unbroken fierceness, and where Jumbles 
Well still remains, though a degraded worthlessness. 

In these names — West Royd zx\^ Jumbles — there are other word-pictures. The 
former speaks of a clearing in the forest or brash, which then crowned the Heights 
curling round to Nesbit Hall and Bankhouse, and falling down the Banks to Black 
Carr. The words are entirely Norse, and include the presence of the Celt. Down to 
the Tudor days at least, Pudsey presented woodland features at every turn. James 
Saile and Mary Saile were rearing a family in Pudsey when the Spanish Armada was 
coming to threaten our liberties. Their surname came to an ancestor from one of the 
"Sayles " or little "woods" of the township. Royd, derived from the Icelandic Rj'dthr, 
denotes a "clearing" and a rjothr-hOggrinn was a portion "cut, cleared." As a 
surname, the word became generic. (Alice Royds of Pudsey, died in 1642.) The 
surnames, Higing, Huggan, and Hogg, clearly enough akin to this Norse Huggrinn, are 
amongst the earliest in the parish of Calverley. Ann, the daughter of John Higings, 
was baptised at Calverley in 161 1. In the word [uinbtes we may perhaps have a 
corruption of the Norse word Jomali, which was originally the name of the idol of the 
Finns, and may, among these men of Norse ancestry, have come in time to signify an 
idol more generally, hence allowing the inference that on this edge of the green at 
Pudsey — over Pudsey, says the sixteenth century register, as opposed to Nether Pudsey, 
that is, Lowtown — the then pellucid well had some form of tutelary god or idol. 

Again, let us here try to restore a panorama of the past. Beyond this Greenside, 
to the east, and on the southern slope of the Celtic Hwpp, or modern Hobbs, lay 
nestling Chapeltown, the nucleus of Over Pudsey ; west of this line of Chapeltown, 



ETYMOLOGIES. 135 

and still on the eminence was Windmill Hill, where the wrecked windmill now stands, 
and where Robert Milner " le molendinarius de Pudsey " was raising a family of 
children in the da3's of good Queen Bess— they were afterwards to become somewhat 
celebrated. That Windmill Road, winding round to Jumbles.and thence to WestRoyd 
— where the wood undoubtedly was— almost marks the very commencement of the 
steep abyss of Smalewell, and the soutKwood which grew there, as I conceive, for the 
north wood just across Tyersal beck was only royded a few years ago. This flat was 
the playground of Pudsey ; it was once pierced by a footpath which came straight in 
from Chapeltown to Jumbles Well ; that footpath exists to-day as far as Windmill 
Lane, but a span away from the well. The well was an object of special adoration to 
our ancestors, both Norse and Angle. On the re-introduction of Christianity into 
Northumbria, after the deluge of Danish Paganism, the priests were particularly 
exhorted to wean their flocks away from the old objects of their praise, and one cf 
the methods adopted was to dedicate the wells to some saint, to whose honour a cross 
or some other image was raised, a piece of pious fraud evidently adopted to steal the 
prayers that could not be suppressed. 

Another ancient footpath has crossed the green, and very probably has found its 
way to the Hobbs, and the Ruddock's water, before it was strangled at the present 
Smalewell Road by that unsightly congeries of hovels, known as the Square. _ It comes 
up straight from Bank House over the Heights, and is obviously a continuation of the 
old pathway which descends Scobro, and marks, to my fancy, a primeval footpath, first 
beaten by the foot of the Celt, but of a type known to the Roman and not liked by 
him, when forest incursions were necessary and boisterous Brigantes on the war path, 
and afterwards to the Norseman, who called such roads Ein-stigi, a single path, so 
narrow that only one can pass; and then in turn to the Norman, who with William the 
Conqueror, when tearing northward in the frenzy of rage, threaded over such a one, 
from Castleford to York, the locus of that path being yet known as the Ainsty. The 
ascent of Bank House Hill in the face of a crowd of hostile Celts would be no child's 
play ; military mettle of the firmest kind could alone accomplish it. 

In contra-distinction to Jumbles Well is Smnle-Well, hard by. The word 
Smale of the compound seems like a relic of the Icelandic-word Smali, meaning pro- 
perly small cattle, especially sheep, but also goats, and, in a later sense, cattle generally. 
The distinction in the nomenclature of these wells is most interesting. At the Smale- 
well, where the cattle, or, perchance, the herdsman drank, there was no idol ; the pure 
pellucid water was alone of worth ; no pilgrimages of love or devotion were performed 
to that well ; it was on no flat, grassy green, where the loiterer could carelessly while 
away time, and expiate his sins by an Ave Maria ; it was no path where the fervid 
maiden could easily stroll, awaiting the coming of the loving swain. It was in a stark 
precipice, toilsome of ascent, and more fitting for the nimble foot, than for the 
expectant lover. Of Smalewell it was only to be noted that cattle drank there ; it was 
too difficult of approach to need an idol, for pilgrimages thereto could not be made to 
pay. I take these deductions to be highly corroborative of each other, and they restore 
to me the fringe of trees at the Banks, and the Royd End at Pine Belly ; the whirling 
windmill on the hill, and all the surrounding groves from the Hobbs to the Royd, 
resound with the song of the lark and the tender billing of the plaintive cushat. In 
this wild district there is, however, one noteworthy feature which bears considerable 
significance. All the fence divisions of the fields are stone walls, while at the Carrs at 
Roker and throughout Troydale the divisions are hedges. In the former place, the 
royding had been effectual and so difficult to replace, as to compel the use of stones ; 
in the latter, it had been, if equally eff"ectual, at least, capable of easier restoration. 

In leaving the subject of etymologies, it is to be understood 
that the derivations are not given as indisputable facts. The 
author himself is only too ready to admit that the most careful 
analysis of place-names may be based upon a fallacy. 




EXTENT, FEATURES, AND POPULATION. 




UDSEY township comprehends within its hmits, or 
boundaries, the hamlet of Tyersal, part of Stanningley, 
and the Moravian settlement of Fulneck, and its 
superficial area is 2,545 acres. The township is 
situated in the midst of an interesting field of geological 
research, surrounded by strata of the most valuable and 
varied kind. On the north and east range, is the carboni- 
ferous or mountain limestone, extending through the 
northern counties, and supporting the coal measures, containing 
also abundance of metalliferous ore and organic remains of 
shells and corals. 

The south and west are bounded by the great Yorkshire 
coal field and the extensive millstone grit formation — the latter 
of which extends from Derbyshire to Northumberland. This 
complex deposit is the principal geological feature of the strata 
underlying the township of Pudsey. This formation is a kind of 
coarse-grained gritty sandstone, containing numerous beds of 
shale, limestone, and, in some places, coal. The beds in some 
instances contain innumerable impressions of coal plants. The 
thin layers of coal found in the immediate neighbourhood are 
not of much value, but the layers of shale have an important 
effect upon the character of the soil. The excellent quality and 
durability of building stone quarried in the township and neigh- 
bourhood are justly celebrated throughout England. Iron pyrites 
have occasionally been found in well-sinking, and small speci- 
mens of mica and quartz in the various stone quarries. 



FEATURES. 



13; 



Layers of plastic clay arc found 
on the south side of the township, and 
in some parts excellent beds of yellow 
clay ; but most of these beds are so 
thin and inconsiderable, that they 
would almost lead to the conjecture 
that they are only the croppings of 
the extensive foundations by which 
they are surrounded, having become 
dislocated by some of the mighty 
geological disturbances that have 
affected the whole island. 

Being at a considerable elevation, 
Pudsey commands most extensive 
views of the surrounding country, and 
from the heights above Green top it is 
said that Pontefract Castle can be seen 
with the aid of a glass. 

On the south of the township is the deep gill 
which bounds Tong and Tyersall— a beautiful roman 
tic gill peered o'er by Fulneck ; still wood clad and 
sylvan, but beginning to suffer at the hands of the 
manufacturers. As I wandered through the glen 
by the side of that murmuring stream, how often 
was my mind thrown back to the days when the 
careless hunter roved with his hawk and hound, and 
the scream of the fluttered wood-bird arose, instead 
of the clash of the shuttle ; when Tong was baronial, 
and rustic Pudsey mostly in the hands of the monks 
of Kirkstall. Let us now restore one of the 
panoramas of the past. When the Angle chieftain, 
Stanning, looked from his hall towards the noon- 
day sun his vision was bounded by the slope which 
the Celt called the " hwpp," where the footpath now 
runs. He called it the " hrice," as we call it a rig, 
or as people of culture and superior education tone 
it down, the ridge. It was then wood-grown, shady, 
verdant, and sacred to the foot of the hunter. The 
leafy garment that shaded it, the Angle called a 
"Scua," which custom and superior education has 
so softened that we know the word as a shaw. And 
so "the wood on the ridge" — the rig- wood — 
became in Angle speech the "hrice scua," and as 
the feet of after generations trod a path to that 
wood the path became the " hrice-scua " lane, which 
the changes of time twisted so slightly that for twenty 
generations the path was known as Kikershaw Lane. 
But alas ! by the advancement of learning, the truth- 
telling designation had to be clothed in new gar- 
ments, and from the awkward hands of its blundering 
tailor it came forth as that monstrous abortion 
Kichardshaw Lane ! 



138 



HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



The descent from the rig along the northern slope is down Lidget Hill to Waver 
Green. Abutting upon the Waver Green is the Manor House of Pudsey, a quaint, 
gabled mansion, now reckoning some two hundred and fifty or seventy years of age, 
but the child of a predecessor which doubtless canied its own existence Ijack into the 
Norman days. Of a suggestive meaning is that word "Waver," which remains to 
mark its conjunct green. It bears within it all the wild traditions of the superstitious 
Norse days. The Icelandic \-&x\ivafra means to hover about ; and the expression vafr 
lo^i, meant a " waver-Iowe;" every enchanted princess or enchanted land was 
surrounded by a " waver-lowe." We need not go far to find the enchanted princess 
who was surrounded by this "waver-lowe" when the Celt was hovering about and 
there were race difficulties and doubts of mine and thine — she dwelt in the Manor 
House hard by, as the poor Celts of the " hupp " and the " trowch-dale " would find 
out if any cattle had been lifted from the ager, or midnight depredations elsewhere 
indulged in. Thor's hammer was kept in the recesses of that Manor house, and the 
"waver-lowe" was the electric light which found it when required. Thor's hammer, 
in the shape of the less romantic baton of the policeman is yet kept in the neighbour- 
hood of this Weaver Green, and it is said that in Lowtown, hard by, its exercise is more 
frequently required than in all the other parts of the town. Of a truth these Celtic 
people are apt, both by word and by deed, to make themselves a very vital factor in 
the world's history. Had they been as stolid and law-abiding as the Goths of Chapel- 
town and Greenside, Lowtown might not have enjoyed the many distinctions which 
have favoured it since the mythical days of the vafr logi. 

Separating Waver Green from Chapeltown there remains a distinctive feature of 
the past in Toft House. Toft, a corrupted form of the Danish tovipt (empty), would 
signify an open, unclaimed piece of land, or an unoccupied and wrecked dwelling ; 
and in this light the Toft we have here would be an excellent fence between the 
steady respectability of Gothic Pudsey and the nondescript gathering which had to be 
illuminated by the " Waver-lowe," and found its termination in the Crimbles, where 
solid rule and no poetical nonsense had to prevail. The word Crimbles, we may per- 
haps resolve into the Norse expression kraiivi bol — the farm house in the nook, say at 
the fringe of the "ager," where the essarts were in progress, the woods not yet 
chopped down, and a shady nook presented itself as it does yet in the case of scores 
of farmsteads which are to-day nestling beneath a background of trees.* 

No record is preserved of the number of the population 
previous to the year 1800, but the following tabulated statement 
of the several censuses taken by Government shows the modern 
progressive increase of population : — 



Date. 


Inhabited 
Houses. 


Uninhabited 
Houses. 


Males. 


Females. 


Total. 


1 801 


850 


44 


2,182 


2,240 


4,422 


1811 


986 


23 


2,406 


2,291 


4,697 


1821 


1,219 


78 


3,107 


3,122 


6,229 


1831 


i,.S04 


41 


3,744 


3,716 


7,460 


1841 


2,011 


102 


5,013 


4,989 


10,002 


1851 


2.429 


178 


5,770 


5,833 


11,603 


1861 


2,859 


277 


6,325 


6,587 


12,912 


1871 


3,156 


218 


6.779 


7,197 


13,976 


1881 


3,458 


519 


7,353 


8,103 


15,456 



In James's History of Bradford,ih&YQ appears the following 
notice : — 



Mr. Wheater, in Pudsey Ne7us, March 5th, i£ 



POPULATION. 



139 



At Leeds Sessions the 13th day of April, in the 44th of Queen Elizabeth, before 
Sir John Savile (of Howley), Thomas Fairfax, and other justices, it was agreed that 
the justices should meet at Wakefield upon Wednesday in Whitsuntide week the next, 
touching soldiers' pensions, assessments, and other matters ; and then agree upon a 
particular estreat and perfect assessment of the towns within the wapentakes, to be and 
r€»iaz)i a p'rcedeni to dhect other iusiices to make ecjual assessments for these parts 
when occasion should require. 

It may, therefore, be supposed that the greatest care would 
be taken in making the assessments, and it will give the most 
correct view, in the absence of actual computation, which 
can now be obtained of the relative size, population, and wealth 
of the towns comprised in such assessment. I give a copy of 
such part of it as relates to all the towns about here (Bradford). 



d. 

20 

5 



Bradford 

Bolton 

Boiling 

Bingley 9 

Calverley and Farsley 11 

Dewsbury 125 

Eccleshill 73 

Heaton-cum- Clayton 11 2 

Haworth 12 

From this table a pretty near approximation may be drawn 
of the population of the township at the time (a.d. 1602). 



d. 

HuddersFiekl 17 

Halifax 19^ 

Horton 7 

Idle II 

Leeds 39 

iNIanningham , 9 

PU DSEY 9 J 

Shipley 5" 

Wakefield 39 





LOCAL GOVERNMENT. 



J^^m HE parochial affairs of the township were, for many 

li!wlF generations, vested in a Town's Committee, which 

J^^^ I find to have been in existence more than a century 

^^^"^ ago. The jurisdiction of this body was somewhat 

%^ extensive, judging from the number and variety of the 

^ resolutions which appear in their " minute book." I learn 

V that at a Committee meeting held July ist, 1771, it was 

ordered that " the Chapel Wardens and Overseers of the Poor 

pay to the informer or informers of housebreakers, garden or 

orchard robbers, gates, and stile breakers, etc., on conviction the 

sum of two guineas. 

The dog fanciers of that day had not much sympathy from 
the local authority, for at a meeting of the Committee held July 
9th, 1792, it was resolved, that " any person having relief from 
the township of Pudsey, and shall after the date hereof keep a 
dog, all such person or persons so doing shall be excluded from 
any relief till such time as the said dog or dogs are put away." 

At a meeting of the Committee held March i8th, 1793, it 
was ordered that " two shillings be collected of each old subscriber 
to the Militia, and four shillings of each fresh subscriber towards 
having such persons as are awanting in the Militia." At a 
meeting held on the 2nd of Dec, 1807, it was resolved that "Wm. 
Hutchinson (who is ballotted for the Militia), be assisted with 
the requisite sum to hire a substitute, by the Town, provided 
that the Township have the advantage of receiving the sum of 
money which is to be returned according to the Provisions of 
the Militia Act. N.B. — The above Indulgence and Assistance 
is granted in consequence of his kindness to his father." 



PUDSEY MILITIA. 



141 



The following is a 



List of the Militia hired for the Town- 
ship of Pudsey, 1803," and the substitutes named therein were 
sworn in for five years, or during His Majesty's pleasure. The 
amount of bounty given to each is named : — 



Substitutes. 
James \Vhaley, Horton 
Willm. Rushforth, Closeheatl 
John Wilson, Denham Cliff 
Jos. Newall, Bradford 
Jonas Fox do. 

Joshua Ferrand, Manningham 
Michael Baistow, Illingworth 
W'illm. Turner, Wadsworth, nr. IL\. 
Jann. Simpson, Sticker lane 
Robt. Stead, Bradford 
Joseph Pyrah, do. 
Willm. Cowan, Bierley Chapel 
Isaac Stephenson, Bradford 
Francis Simpson, Idle 

In 1809, a further ballot was necessary, and the following 

persons formed the " Pudsey Supplementary Militia " for that 

year : — 

Substitutes. 



Ballotted Men. 
John Hinchliffe 
Stephen Moorhouse 
John Sutcliffe, baker 
James Hutchinson, R. Lane 
Joseph Nichol, School, Fulneck 
James Liley do. 

Saml. IVIoss, Junr., Greenside 
Charles Moss, Willm. vSon 
Martin Crowther 
Joshua Farrer, Hall 
John Webster, Lowtown 
Joshua Robinson, do. 
Wm. Hemsley, do. 
Isaac Gledhill, Stanningley 



Bounty. 
II 06 
II o 
II o 

10 10 

11 II 

9 9 
10 o 
10 10 
10 IS 
10 IS 

8 S 

9 o 
9 o 
9 14 



o 



Ballotted Men. 
Mark Wheater 
John Whitfield 
Sam Wilson 
George Grave 
William Boys 
Joseph Walton 
George Harrison 
Charles Robinson 
Joshua Gibson 
John Pape 
Joshua Lumby 
Jonathan Ackeioyd 
James Procter 
Willm. Clark 
Tames Barns 
Jo. Brayshavv 
Joshua Strickland 
John Crampton 
Willm. Strickland 
Willm. Threapleton 
James Smith 
J no. Carr 
Willm. Dyson 
Jno. Dufton 
Jno. Pearson 
Willm. Thornton 
Wm. Robinson 
Benj. Dean 
Jo. Booth 
John Hammerton 
Robert Procter 
Jonathan Harrison 



Bounty. 

Jo. Ward 660 

Israel Wood 660 

Wm. Varley 660 

Joseph Cockcroft, Allerton 660 

Jeremiah Moor, Thornton 660 

Jehu Brear do. 660 

John Benton do. 6 6 

John Robinson do. 6 6 

John Broadbelt, Rawden 6 6 

John Leach 6 6 

James Cockcroft, Thornton S 5 

Adam Taylor do. 6 6 

Thomas Booth, Pudsey 5 5 

Jno. Dufton do. 6 6 

Willm. Johnson do. 5 5 

Geo. Walton do. 5 5 

Willm. Sharp, Thornton 6 6 

Caleb Jennings do. 6 6 

Jno. Drake do. 6 6 

Elkanah Holroyd, Halifax 5 10 

Saml Bannister, Farsley 3 3 

Joshua Hoyle, Halifax 6 6 

Geo. Farrer, Sowerby Bridge 6 6 

James Farrer 5 S 

Willm. Raistrick, Pudsey 5 5 

Moses Fieldhouse, Horton 6 6 

David Hillam, Wibsey 6 6 

Christopher Binks 5 5 
Himself 
Himself 

Thomas Hustler 3 3 
Himself 



/<f^<p 



^^ 6^aa'cA^^c_^ 




■t/tyt 









e^ 







-u 





Facsimile Autographs of Pudsey Town's Officials, etc. 



CHURCHWARDENS. 1 43 

The first Churchwardens for Pudsey township, of whom 
there is any account, were John Crossley and Thomas Whitley, 
who, in 1606, held that office. The lists, dating from that time, 
arc far from being complete, as will be seen from the copies in 
the Appendix. These lists frequently have appended to them 
the amount of the church rate for the year, the rates varying from 
2d. to gd. and is. in the pound. At a meeting of the Town's Com- 
mittee held June i8th, 1824, it was resolved that "the Church- 
wardens be instructed to engage a proper person to instruct a 
number of persons to ring, and that they do pay the sum of 
los. 6d. per week to him for his services, and that the Church- 
wardens have the discretion of continuing him as long as they 
think proper, and make a selection of proper persons." In the 
following year it was resolved, that " the ringers have the sum of 
seventeen pounds given to them, and two shillings per man for 
hiring money per annum, and the ringers shall have the old ropes 
and no other perquisites to be allowed by the Township." On 
the 6th of January, 1826, a rate was laid " for the paying of Mr. 
Mears his balance for the bells." 

In 1826, at a vestry meeting held on the 13th October, it 
was resolved that " a rate of one shilling and threepence in the 
pound be granted to the Churchwardens for the current expenses 
of the year, and out of it they be authorised to lay out ^^o in 
heating the church. ' Secondly, that in case any dispute should 
be raised, as to the validity of this rate, the Churchwardens be 
authorised and required by this meeting to take the necessary 
legal measures to compel the payment thereof without calling 
any other meeting." D. Jenkins, chairman, H. Simons, Robt. 
Parkinson, churchwardens, and five others. 

In 1836, the Rev. David Jenkins was incumbent, and Messrs. 
John Farrer and William Beaumont, churchwardens when the 
celebrated " smiting and brawling " case occurred, which 
resulted in William Clarkson and Jonas Proctor being cited 
before the Ecclesiastical Court at York, and sentenced — Mr. 
Clarkson to seven days' and Mr. Proctor to one month's imprison- 
ment. They endured the penalty rather than acknowledge the 
justice of the charge brought against them. This event 
aggravated the feud existing between the Churchpeople and the 
Dissenters, and yearly contests took place in the election of 
churchwardens ; the township was several times polled and the 
rate resisted. 

In 1845, ^t a meeting held on the 27th of March, for the 
election of churchwardens, the incumbent, the Rev. D. Jenkins, 



144 



HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



having nominated Mr. John Farrer of Grove House, for his 
warden, Mr. John Baker was then proposed for the people's 
warden, but as an amendment, Mr. John Parkinson was proposed 
for the office. The show of hands being declared to be in favour 
of Mr. Parkinson, a poll was demanded, which was held and 
continued open nine days. When the votes were counted, the 
numbers were declared to be, for Mr. John Baker, 553 ; and for 




riie Villasre Stocks. 



Mr. Parkinson, 488 ; there being a majority for Mr. Baker of 45, 
he was declared duly elected. 

From a "list of persons who have served as Constables iox the 
township of Pudsey," we learn that the maintenance of the peace 
from 1771, when the list commences, until 1845, was vested in 
this officer, a most important public functionary, who was elected 
annually, his appointment being subsequently confirmed by the 
Justices of the Peace. A "Town's Committee" managed the 
general business of the township, and gave their orders to the 



i 



LIST OF CONSTABLES. 



145 



constable and other officials. From the old " Town's Book," 
which was kept by the Committee as a record of their proceed- 
ings, we learn that, at a meeting held October 17th, 1791, it was 

Resolved that all persons from and after the day above written who shall com- 
mitt any misdemeanures such as robbery of gardens; hedges, gates, stiles or other fences 
breaking ; potatoes and turnips stealing, etc., which shall be a prejudice to any of the 
inhabitants of the township of Pudsey; he, she, or they so offending shall be prosecuted 
by the constable of Pudsey at the expense of the town, provided the person or persons 
so injured and the evidence to the facts are willing to proceed against the offender or 
offenders according to law. 

Amongst the duties pertaining to the constable was the 
custody of the village stocks — the old-time remedy for reforming 
swearers, gamblers, drunkards, and desecrators of the Sabbath. 
This wooden machine stood in Church Lane, and it was no 
unusual thing, fifty years ago, to see it occupied during the time 
of service on Sundays, by some refractory member of the com- 
munity. It is said that the punishment was somewhat severe to 
the back and ankles, for when prisoners were released they had 
to rub these parts of their body vigorously before they could 
hobble away. 

The following is as complete a list of the Constables as can 
be obtained: — 



1 771 


Samuel Fenton 


1816 


Wm. Carr 


1772 


Edward Hinchlifife 


1817 


Christopher Halliday 


1773 


John Lockwood 


1818 


John Dean 


1774 


John Atkinson 


1819 


John Ross 


1775 


John Atkinson 


1820 


John Ross 


1776 


Samuel Farrer 


1821 


Wm. Minings 


1777 


Matthew Banks 


1822 


John Beaumont 


1778 


Wm. Lumby 


1823 


Wm. Stowe 


1779 


Joseph Farrer 


1824 


Wm. Stowe 


1780 


Joseph Farrer 


1825 


Joseph Rayner 


I78I 


John Scholeficld 


1826 


Joseph Rayner 


1782 


Wm. Mirfield 


1827 


Joseph Rayner 




* * * * 


1828 


John Crowther 


1784 


Edmund Tinsdale 


1829 


John Crowther 




* * * * 


1830 


John Crowther 


1788 


Samuel Cromack 


1831 


John Crampton 




* * * * 


1832 


John Crampton 


1792 


Samuel Moss 


1833 


John Farrer 


1793 


Samuel Moss 


1834 


Edward Binks 




* * * * 


1835 


John Clarkson 


1805 


Thomas Walker 


1836 


John Clarkson 


1806 


Wm. Pearson 


1837 


William Calvert 




* * * * 


1838 


William Calvert 


1808 


Benjamin Dean 


1839 


Joseph Cawtheray 


1809 


John Farrer 


1840 


Christopher Verity and list 


I8I0 


Robert Hining 


1841 


Wm. Calvert do. 


I8II 


John Crompton 




****«# 




* * * * 


1843 


Joseph Wilson do. 


I8I4 


Joseph Coope 


1844 


Joseph Wilson do. 


I8I5 


Joseph Coope 


1845 


Benjamin Troughton do. 



146 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

A serious disturbance of the peace of the township occurred 
in 1753, in connection with the " Toll Bar Riots," which took 
place in several districts in opposition to the introduction of 
Toll-bars ; at Leeds two or three were killed by the soldiers, and 
the following refers to events which occurred at Pudsey and 
Fulneck at that time : — 

On June 25th, 1753, between seven and eight o'clock a.m., a woman, who 
was dignified with the office of Pudsey town-crier, made her appearance in the quiet 
village of Fulneck, rang her bell vigorously, and then proclaimed that the inhabitants 
were expected to join the people who had risen for " King and country," adding that 
if this request were not attended to, a visit would be paid to enforce the behests of 
King Mob. Accordingly, at nine o'clock a multitude of about a hundred men, women, 
and children poured in, and insisted that the single brethren should at once join them. 
Armed with clubs and staves, they rushed hither and thither, shouting and blowing 
lustily on a horn. Brother Benjamin La 'Probe went among them, conversed in a 
friendly way, but quietly informed them they need not expect to find there what they 
wanted ; for, to join them in their present doings would be contrary to the principks 
of the Brethren. They lingered about the houses for a while, and then one party went up 
to Tong, and presented themselves before Squire Tempest, who gave them money and 
refreshments. Ere this party returned, five or six of the leaders came again to the 
Brethren's house, and repeated their demand. Brother LaTrobe intimated that if the 
Brethren could be helpful to them in any legal way it would gladly be done, but that 
they could not approve of any such irregular proceedings, nor in any wise abet those 
who took part therein. On his presenting them with halfa-guinea they went away, 
pledging themselves that no damage should be done to the settlement or its inhabitants. 
Soon after their withdrawal, the other party returned from Tong, and when a meeting 
took place on the Green, near the Low House, they concluded to make another 
attempt at the Brethren's house, and deliberated also on the steps to be taken in case 
of a refusal. Brother La Trobe, however, met them at the gate, at the end of the 
lane, and, after a hard talking match, prevailed upon them to withdraw. They rushed 
off to Lane End, and conducted themselves there in a somewhat rough fashion. At 
last, finding they could not effect their purpose, they left the neighbourhood, but first 
compelled those who had accepted any money at Fulneck to return and deliver it up, 
declaring they had not come for "brass," but only for "t'lads." Still they held out 
the threat that after joining another body of sympathisers who had been waiting for 
them beyond Pudsey, they would show their faces again and let the " Fall neckers " 
see what they would do to them. Thus they withdrew, not the slightest damage 
having l)een inflicted, whilst in the settlement every heart and every mouth was filled 
with praise to the Saviour for His protecting care. When in the evening the poor 
misguided people reached their homes in Pudsey, some were in a wretched condition, 
having been wounded in hands, arms, and shoulders, when attacking a gentleman's 
house, which they intended pulling down. Several of the mob had been made 
prisoners, and were taken off to gaol ; of course this cast a gloom over the township, 
but it proved a wholesome discouragement to the rioters.* 

In i860, Pudsey was included within the County Con- 
stabulary jurisdiction, and subsequently the protective vigilance 
of the new police force was introduced. Sergeant Land, and six 
officers were stationed in the township. 

An important portion of the parochial affairs of the township 
was formerly vested in the Overseers of the Poor, 2\?,o annually 

" From " The Messenser, a Magazire of the Church of the United Brethren," May, 1S70, pp. 
156-8. Editor, Rev. C. E. Sutcliffc, a native of Pudsey. 



OVERSEERS OF THE POOR. I47 

elected at a town's meeting, and the appointment confirmed by 
the magistrates. The first item in the " Town's Book " relating 
to the overseers is to the following effect : — 

In the year 1736, Agnes Gibson left ;^40 for the benefit of the poor of Piulsey, 
the interest to be given annually by the overseers. 

At the Town's Committee Meeting, February ist, J 766, Mr, 
Richard Hey, "honest Mr. Hey," as he was called, who was one 
of the overseers of the poor, was present. Mr. Hey died on the 
24th of the same month, aged 6^. He was the father of William 
Hey, Esq., F.R.S., of Leeds ; Rev. John Hey, D.D., Norrisian 
Professor of Divinity at Cambridge, etc.; Rev. Samuel Hey, M.A., 
Fellow and Tutor of Magdalen College, Cambridge; and Richard 
Hey, Esq., LL.D,, barrister, Fellow and Tutor of Sidney Sussex 
College, Cambridge. 

Mr. John Radcliffe, Mr. Hey's son-in-law, attended the next 
Town's Committee meeting as Mr. Hey's deputy. 

About this time — 1766 — the entries in the book frequently 
end with — " Notice to be given at both the Chapels." That would 
be the old Chapel — All Saints' — and the Dissenters' Chapel or 
Meeting-house, both in Chapeltown. 

Previous to the year 1700, poor laws were unknown in Pud- 
sey, and after the Government had passed these measures, Pudsey 
for more than a century continued to deal with its own poor, 
and the amount required for their relief was collected in small 
sums or leys, from the ratepayers in the township. At a meeting 
of the "Town's Committee," held Feby. ist, 1802, it was resolved 
to "discontinue the poorhouse, the occupants to be disposed of as 
soon as possible," and at the next meeting, held Feby. 15th, 1802, 
an agreement was made with John Cooper, the elder, of Little- 
moor, " to board the paupers residing in the poorhouse for one 
year, to commence on the first day of March, 1802, and likewise 
to find fire for them at the rate of three shillings per week per 
head, to have their earnings for his own benefit — the poor to have 
two meat dinners per week, and likewise to be under the inspec- 
tion of the Committee to sec they be well kept." 

The rateable value of the township of Pudsey as rated for 
the relief of the poor according to a new valuation made in May, 
1806, was ;^4,i7S I OS. od. 

In consequence of the great distress which existed amongst 
the labouring poor in the year 18 16, it was resolved at a Town's 
Committee meeting held on Nov. 20th, " that the respective 
ministers in the place be requested to preach charity sermons for 
the relief of the poor, in order to enable them to apply to the 







Facsimile Autographs of Piidsey Town's Officials, etc. 



PARISH APPRENTICES. 149 

Society in London for their assistance." Many of the inhabitants 
were employed in repairing the roads in the township, which 
were then in a bad state, and a subscription was made also to 
assist in the relief of the destitute poor. £62 is. 3d. was. 
collected, the subscription being headed by the Rev. D. Jenkins 
with ^^3 ; the Rev. C. F. Ramftler, £2 ; Mr. Lawton of Fulneck, 
£2 ; children in Fulneck School, £1 ; Jer. Haley and Co., £2 ; 
Rich. Farrer, £2 ; Mr. John Skelton, £2 ; Richard Farrer, 
stapler, £2 ; Mr. Thackeray, £2 ; Wm. Ellwand, £\, etc. 

At a public meeting of the ratepayers, held June i8th, [819, 
it was resolved " that a Select Vestry be appointed for superin- 
tending the management of the poor and the Township of Pudsey." 
Amongst the sixteen persons appointed for the first said vestry 
were the Rev. D. Jenkins and Thomas Laird, Messrs. John Rad- 
cliffe, Lepton Dobson, John Balme, Christian Hanneman, William 
Ellwand, etc. 

As complete a list as possible of the Overseers from 1743 to 
1887 is given in the Appendix, and we trust that our readers will 
not consider this list as a mere dry catalogue of names, devoid 
of any interest. It is an enumeration of the oldest families in the 
township for a period of close upon a century and a half, and as 
such, is of historic value. By it, many descendants of the persons 
named, may trace their ancestry back to the middle of the last 
century, and in the list will be found many of the old names 
which exist amongst us at present. 

In connection with the office of overseer it will be interesting 
to note that all the respectable inhabitants of Pudsey were, at 
one time, bound to take apprentices (with ^^•hom the}- received a 
small premium), or pay a fine of ^10. 

At a meeting of the Town's Committee, Feb. i8th, 1799, it 
was " Ordered from and alter this day no less than fifteen pounds 
shall be paid by any person within the township of Pudsey in 
lieu of taking a parish apprentice." 

Amongst the persons who took apprentices we find : — 

James Atkinson, Feb. 21st, 1765. 

Mr. Dobson, July 4th, 176S. 

Mr. W'aiblinger*, June 7th, 1788. 

David Johnson, Manchester, Feb. 22, 1792. 

Christian Hanneman, August 12, 1793. 

Christopher Plischke, Feb. 8, 1794. 

* Mr. Waiblirger died in 1817, and the following notice of him appears in the obituary of the 
Gentleinniis Magazine for 1817, p. 187: — • Feb. 3, Mr, Ignatius Waiblinger, of Pudsey, an eminent 
surgeon, and a man highly and universally respected." A paragraph in the Leeds Ulercnry of Feb. 
8th, 1817, says ; — " On Monday last, Feb. 3, Mr. Ignatius Waiblinger, surgeon, of Pudsey, late of 
Fulneck. As a surgeon he ranked very high, as those upon whom he has performed operations can 
bear ample testimony. He Was an affectionate husband and a tender parent. His loss is deeply felt 
by his family and relations, and a numerous circle of friends. 



I50 HISTORY OF TUDSEY. 

Richd. Birdsall, Yeadon, who took three, Nov. 5, 1794. 
Mr. John Hird, Masham, who took six, May 2, 1796. 
Mr. Dawson Humble, Doncaster, who took eleven in 1798. 

From 1765 to 1802, two hundred and twelve children were 
put out as town's apprentices, and eighteen persons paid a fine 
of ^ 10 each in lieu of taking apprentices during the same period. 

Amongst the persons who paid in lieu of having an appren- 
tice, I find — 

Ignatius Waiblinger, who paid i^io in lieu, July 28th, 1790. 
The Rev. Ihomas Grinfield, paid ;,^ 10, October 26th, 1795. 
Mr. Thomas Angell, paid ten pounds, Nov. lO, 1800. 
Mr. ^^'ideman do. do. do. 

The list of Highway Surveyors for Pudsey begins in 1770, 
when Matthew and John Hutchinson w-ere the officials. Two 
surveyors continued to serve the township until the year 181 5, 
when a Board was appointed, but it only lasted one year. In 
1 836, another Board, consisting of ten persons was elected, with 
George Hepworth as assistant, at ^50 per annum, and in the 
succeeding year the number of members was increased to thirteen, 
with John Farrer as assistant, at ;!^ 50 per annum. This Board con- 
tinued until 1872, the number of members varying from twelve 
to seventeen, William Walton holding the post of assistant 
surveyor from the year 1843. A list of the surveyors, from 1770 
to 1836, with a few exceptions, will be found in the Appendix, 

In 1710, the " Intakes" were enclosed by consent of John 
Milner, Esq., Walter Calverley, Esq., and the freeholders of 
Pudsey, the proceeds going towards the augmentation of the 
living attached to the old Chapel-of-Ease. Tyersal Common 
was taken in about the year 1758. An act for enclosing the 
common lands in Pudsey was passed in 18 11. The Common 
lands included about four hundred acres. Charles Milner, Esq., 
was lord of the manor, and as such was entitled to all the 
minerals under the waste lands ; Thomas Thornhill, Thomas 
Plumbe, John Radcliffe, and Francis Maude, Esqrs., being owners 
of estates and entitled to rights of common. The award of the 
Commissioners is kept at Calverley Church. 

In 18 1 3, the Common lands were enclosed, under the Act of 
Parliament, entitled "An Act for inclosing lands in the manor of 
Pudsey, in the West Riding of the County of York." The 
following is a copy of the notice relating to the enclosure — 

I, Jonathan Teal, the sole Commissioner appointed in and by the said Act of 
Parliament, do hereby give notice, that in addition to the Public Carriage Roads and 
other Roads already by me set out and appointed, I have set out and appointed the 
following Public Roads, Bridleways, Private Carriage Roads, and Footways, through 
and over the said Lands, directed by the said Act to be divided, allotted and inclosed, 
that is to say — 



THE COMMONS ENCLOSURE. 151 

Wood- Wells Road— One Private Carriage Road of the width of twelve feet, 
beginning at Bramley Road on Crimbles Green, and proceed northward over part of 
Crimbles Green to the Wood-Wells, set out for a public Watering Place. 

Dyehouse Road — i8ft. Town End to the Wood-Wells, Private. 

Langlev Road — Crimbles, Private. 

Balme Read — Crimbles Green, Private. 

Midley Road — Balme Road and Crimbles Green, Private. 

Mtlner Road — 20ft. Stanningley Road on Rickardshaw Common [probably 
Primrose Hill Road]. 

AI.ll Road — 20ft. Stanningley Road westward, Rickardshaw Common [probably 
Varley's Road]. 

Pearson Road — Crimbles Green Road to westward and southward. 

Dyson Road — 15ft. Mill Road to northward, bottom Rickardshaw. 

Sodom Road — 24ft. Workhouse Road to Littlemoor Road. 

Mill Stead Road— 2o{i. Sodom, 

Rayner Road — 15ft. Beginning in an allotment on Little Moor aforesaid, 
intended to be awarded to Plenry Rayner and proceeding westward over an allotment 
intended to be awarded to John Bower, Esq. , to an ancient inclosure adjoining to the 
last mentioned allotment belonging to the said Henry Rayner." 

Moor Side Road — 15ft. Littlemoor Road. 

Driver Road — i8ft. Littlemoor Road. 

Farrer Road — 12ft. Northend Littlemoor Road, eastward over allotment of 
Charles Milner, Esq. to dyehouse belonging to Sam. P'arrer. 

GawthorpeRoad.—\^i\.. beginning at Chapeltown Road, and proceeding west- 
ward over part of Littlemoor. 

Beaumont Road. — 15ft. Sodom Road, south-eastward to land belonging to 
Thomas Richard Beaumont, Esq. 

In tack Read. — 24ft. north end, Alcoats Road, northward. 

Delphend Road. — 24ft. Gibraltar Mill Road to Bradford Road- 

Upper Moor Road. — 24ft. to land to be awarded to !• ulneck estate. 

Ward Road. — 15ft. Delfend Road, east, west, and south. 

Smaleioell Road. — l6ft. Tiersal Road. 

Quarry Road. — 24ft. Tiersal Road, northward to Stone Quarry. 

Dobson Road. — 20ft. Tiersal Road, near Black Heygate [named from Lepton 
Dobson, Esq.] 

Belley Well Syke Road.—2d,{i. Banks Road. 

Pinebelly Hill Rmd.—2i,'iK. 

Windmill Road. — 20ft. 

Preston Road. — l8ft. beginning Bradford Road, near Chapeltown. 

Clayton Road. — isft. Bankhouse Road. 

Upper Greenside Road. — 20ft. Fartown, westward. 
Middle Road. — i8ft. up Greenside Road to Tiersal Road. 
Hinchli^e Road. — i6ft. Tiersal Road, northward Greenside. 
Sizinghoiise Road. — 14ft. Tiersal Road, Greenside, northward and eastward to 
Greenside Road. 

Jumbleswcll Road. — 20ft. Tiersal Road to Jumbleswell. 

Twelve public foot-paths are also mentioned. 

And I do hereby give further Notice, 
That all the said Roads and Public Footways are set out, and that I have prepared a 
map, signed by me, in which such Roads and Public Footways are accurately laid 
down and described and deposited the same with Messrs. Hailstone and Bentley, at 
Bradford ; for the inspection of all Persons concerned. 

And I do hereby appoint a meeting, to be held at the House of Mrs. Walesby, 
the Fulneck Inn, on Monday the 5th day of April next, at which meeting any Person 
who may be injured or aggrieved by the setting out of such Roads and Public Foot- 
ways, may attend and make his or her objections thereto. Dated this 23rd day of 
Feb., 1813. 



152 HISTORY OF PUDSEV. 

In 1872, the supervision of the highways, along with other 
responsible duties connected with the general management of 
the town's affairs, were vested in a Board formed under the Local 
Government Act. Previous to that, in July, 1868, a Lighting 
Board was formed, and soon after, the streets, the darkness of 
which had been a reproach to the town, were lighted with gas. 
At a meeting of the ratepayers, held on the 24th day of April, 
1872, it was resolved that the Local Board should consist of 
fifteen members, and the voting papers containing the names of 
105 ratepayers, who had been proposed as fit and proper persons 
for members of the Board, were distributed on the 27th day of 
May, and collected on the 31st. They were then cast up, and 
the following persons were afterwards declared duly elected as 
members of the first Board : — Mr. William Huggan, Robert 
Dalby, Thomas Goodall, John Blackburn, John Whitfield, 
Phineas Craven, Fred. Cooper, Robert Salter, John Whitehead, 
William Dibb Scales, John Procter, Benjamin Elsworth, Thomas 
Wright, Benjamin Crowther, and George A. Jones. Mr. W. D. 
Scales was elected chairman, Mr. W. Craven, treasurer, and Mr. 
John Baker, clerk, highway surveyor, lamp and nuisance in- 
spector, and rate collector, at a salary of £go per annum. 

The proceedings of the Board from its formation to the 
present time, have been watched with much interest by the 
ratepayers, and their public acts have undergone much criticism ; 
but, after being in operation fifteen years, it may safely be said 
that the step taken in 1872, was wise and proper. 

In February, 1882, the Local Board passed a resolution 
authorising the surveyor to proceed with the building of offices 
suitable for the work of the Board. In the following October 
possession was taken of the new offices, which are situate in Craw- 
shaw-field. They are two storeys in height, and are entered by a 
capacious doorway, over which is a semi-circular headstone, on 
which is carved "Local Board Offices, 1882." At the entrance 
is a hall, from which the stairs ascend into the upper storey. On 
the ground floor, next to the entrance hall, is the office for the 
use of the clerk and collector, etc. This is a very roomy and 
well lighted place, and is well adapted for its purpose. Along 
one side is a counter, with mahogany top, at the furthest end of 
which is a desk for the use of the collector. In the centre of the 
room is a table for the clerk's use, and along one entire side of 
the room are cupboards and drawers, in the centre of which is 
fixed a large safe. A fire-place, with dark marble mantel, and 
gas brackets, together with the usual office furniture and 





^..^^^ ©^ 




FIRST GHAIRMy^.W OP^ THE PUDSEY LOCAL BO.^RD 



LOCAL BOARD OFFICES. 1 53 

requisites, complete this office. It measures 15 by 20 feet. The 
next room on the ground floor is the committee room, which is 
also 15 by 20 feet, and is furnished with large centre tables and 
chairs, etc., and is a well lighted apartment. This room has a 
doorway and light into the large store yard adjoining. Along 
the northern side of the yard are premises for the safe keeping 
of the tools belonging to the Board, and in the yard is also 
erected a substantial engine house, in which to stable the steam 
roller, with working shed in the rear, the whole covering an area 
of 50 by 30 yards, and having a fence wall on the south side. 
The upper storey of the offices is reached by a good winding 
stone staircase, having three short flights of steps, at the top of 
which is a landing, from which entrance is obtained into a large 
room, which is used for the meetings of the full Board. This is 
a well proportioned and capitally lighted place, having an area 
of 52 by 22 feet. In addition to a centre table for the clerk's 
use, there are three long tables of pitch-pine arranged around the 
room, on the outer sides of which sit the members, all facing the 
inner table and the chairman, who occupies a slightly elevated 
position. This room is also furnished with arm chairs, and is 
lighted by three windows, four-light centre chandelier and eight 
side gas brackets. There is also a substantial dark marble 
mantelpiece and open fire-grate in this room, in addition to 
other suitable fittings. Every room is warmed by a heating 
apparatus. Altogether the building is a roomy and substantial 
one, well adapted for its purposes, which it will serve for many 
years to come. 

The present members of the Local Board (1887-8) are, 
Messrs. R. Womersley (chairman), John Brayshaw, Matthew 
Walker, John Halliday, J. E. Hinings, John Milner, George 
Clough, Isaac Waterhouse, Joseph Webster, Christopher Wilson, 
Simeon (Zarr, J. E. Goodali, Wm. Nichols, Robert Smith, and 
Benjamin Verity. Mr. Benjamin Dufton is Clerk to the Board ; 
Dr. John Wilson, medical officer ; Mr. Joseph Town, inspector 
of nuisances ; Mr. John Baker, collector and lighting inspector ; 
and Mr. Isaac Wood, highway surveyor, building inspector, and 
superintendent of fire brigade. 

On the 13th day of March, 1870, a BURL\L Board was 
form^ at a meeting of the ratepayers held in the Public Hall, 
and a resolution was also passed to the effect " that a new burial 
ground shall be provided for the township of Pudsey under the 
various Burial Acts passed for that purpose up to the present 
time," The following ratepayers were elected to form the first 



154 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Board : — Messrs. R. Womersley, William D, Scales, Joseph 
Town, J. S, Jones, J. Asquith Minings, Robert Salter, W. H. 
Greaves, James Banks, and George Armitage. The resolutions 
of the meeting having received the approval of the Secretary 
of State, at the first meeting of the Board, Mr. Richard 
Womersley was elected chairman, and Mr. Joseph Town, 
secretary, pro. teni. 

The question of a site for the proposed cemetery formed 
a bone of contention for some years, and much bitter feeling was 
aroused on this serious question of a quiet resting-place for the 
dead. The Burial Board, after casting about for a site, thought 
the present one in Back Lane very suitable, and called a meeting 
on the /th May, 1870, at which the site was submitted to the 
ratepayers. It was, however, rejected on sanitary grounds, and 
a poll was demanded by the Burial Board, which resulted in 998 
ratepayers voting for the adoption of the site, and 1,197 against 
it. Two cemeteries were then suggested by the Burial Board, one 
at Back Lane and the other at Quarry Gap. A site at Plantation, 
Gibraltar, was, however, started in opposition, as being more 
central both for Pudsey and Tyersal, and another poll took place 
on the 2 1 St June in the same year, resulting as follows: — For the 
Back Lane and Tyersal sites, 978 ; for Plantation, 1,083. The 
latter site was, however, disapproved at a town's meeting held on 
the 1 2th October, 1871 ; and in December the Back Lane site 
was again put forward by the Burial Board, to be in turn 
rejected. Upon this the Board demanded another poll, which 
was taken in March, 1872 ; the numbers being — For Back Lane, 
9S0 ; against it, 954. The site was thus carried by 26 votes, a 
decision which remained unchallenged. The site was finally 
approved by the Home Secretary in June, 1872. It was pur- 
chased from Messrs. Farrer, of Pudsey, and contains nearly 
twelve acres. 

The Cemetery occupies a commanding position, and from it 
a very extensive prospect is obtained. The Local Board have 
doubled the width of Back Lane up to the Cemetery; the surface 
of the ground is more or less regular, having a fall of forty-five 
feet to Back Lane, and the Cemetery is laid out in an attractive 
and suitable manner, befitting a place of sepulture. The area of 
the consecrated side is 21,633 square yards, and of the unconse- 
crated portion 24,054 yards, while 8,277 yards of the front to 
Back Lane is unappropriated. The design is simple, but 
effective. A roadway, 21 feet wide, leads from the entrance in 
Back Lane to an oval flat in the centre of the grounds, and winds 



THE CEMETERY. 



155 



round each side of the oval with a width of 30 feet, to the chapels, 
the road being continued forward to the southern extremity of 
the cemetery, but is here only 18 feet in width. The walks 
branching off from the road are respectively 9 feet and 12 feet 
wide. A deep drain is carried underneath the central road, 
communicating with three cross drains, which effectually drain 
the place. The cemetery is surrounded with a stone wall. On 
the inner side are plantations, at the angles of the walks are 
shrubberies and flower beds, and the central road is planted with 
forest trees to form an avenue. Back Lane has been widened, 
and the cemetery wall fronting it will be finished with a hedge 
inside the grounds. The entrance gates are depressed, and are 
flanked with dwarf walls and palisadings, the piers of the gates 
being substantial. The Registrar's house and Board room are on 
the west side ; the design is in the Gothic style. The same style 
is adopted in the chapels, which are coupled together by a massive 
tower and spire, surmounted by a vane ; the total height of this 
conspicuous object is 1 10 feet, the extreme length of the chapels 
and tower is 116 feet, and they form an imposing block of 
buildings set upon a terrace 8 feet in height, and on the highest 
part of the grounds. The two chapels are of the same size. A 
neat doorway gives access to the interior ; on each side of the 
entrance is a one-light window, with a circular window in the 
gable, the latter topped with a stone cross. The tower base is 
pierced with a lofty archway, 26 feet in height by 13 feet wide. 
Over this is a belfry and the spire. The hearse can be driven 
under the archway, and the body in taken, into a mortuary, 
separated from the chapels by a glass screen. Both chapels and 
mortuaries are w^ell lighted with windows in the sides, and the 
chapels have large three-light windows in the south gables, each 
chapel having chancels and vestries. The work throughout is 
of a substantial character. Mr. John Senior, of Harlow Heath, 
near Harrogate, laid out the grounds under Mr. Gay's (the 
architect) superintendence, and the latter gentleman has also 
superintended the planting, the work throughout being creditable 
to all concerned. The ground is w^ell adapted for burial purposes, 
and Pudsey may be congratulated upon having got rid of a 
difficulty and secured one of the most compact cemeteries in the 
district. The cost was about ^10,000. The east side of the 
cemetery is set apart for burial purposes in connection with the 
Chuich of England, and this portion was consecrated on the 8th 
day of June, 1875, by the Right Rev. Dr. Ryan, representing the 
Lord Bishop of Ripon. 



156 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

The first interment took place on June 9th, 1875, when a 
child aged about two years, the daughter of Mr. G. V. Bannister, 
of Lowtown, was interred in the unconsecrated portion. 

Gas Company. — The Act for lighting Pudsey with gas was 
obtained in 1844, on the representation that it would be of great 
advantage to the inhabitants of the township, if a constant and 
ample supply of gas was obtainable for lighting mills, manufac- 
tories, shops, houses, and other buildings, and it would also be of 
advantage to them and to the public resorting to Pudsey if a 
sufficient supply of gas were provided for lighting the streets, 
roads, highwa}'S, and public passages within the township. 
Nearly a quarter of a century elapsed before any steps were taken 
to carry out the lighting of the streets. In June, 1868, a meeting 
was held in the Public Room, when it was resolved to apply the 
powers of the Act, so far as it applied to lighting up the streets 
with gas of that portion of the township, which was separate and 
apart from the hamlet of Tyersall. A Lighting Board was 
appointed, consisting of nine persons, Mr. Joseph Newell being 
appointed secretary to the Board, and Samuel Varley, Esq., the 
treasurer. The streets were lighted in October of the same 
)'ear. The original subscribed capital of the Gas Company was 
£16,000, increased in 1856 to ^^"58,000, including borrowing powers 
to the extent of i, 10,000. 

Water\vorks Company. — In 1865, the Calverley District 
Waterworks Company was formed for the purpose of supplying 
Pudsey and four other townships with water, to be obtained from 
the Bradford Corporation. Samuel Varley, Esq., was appointed 
chairman of the company, and George Hinings, Esq., deputy- 
chairman. The first pipe of the high level scheme was laid by 
Mr. E. Sewell, of Fulneck, on Monday, June 12th, 1865. The 
share capital of the company was ;!^20,ooo, in 4,000 shares of ^5 
each. The company has had a prosperous career. 





BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 




^ NE of our great English poets has said " The proper 
study of mankind is man." If this be true, then in 
this chapter we are engaged in a proper study, while 
looking into the names and characters of some of our 
townsmen who have risen, by either worth or wealth, 
positions of eminence. The study of biography is 
always, more or less, interesting and instructive. " God 
hath been pleased," says Dr. Geo. HiCKES, in a sermon in 
1682, "to make our county (Yorkshire) the birth-place and 
nursery of many great men." What may be said of the whole 
may be said of many of our towns and villages who have their 
worthies or eminent men. It has been the aim of the writer 
to collect the names of the local worthies or eminent men who 
have been connected with his native town either by birth, long 
residence, or other close connection with the place. 

The first names that we find in history in connection with 
the township of Pudsey, are those of two Saxon Thanes, DuN- 
STAN and Stainulf, who held the lands in Pudsey between 
them, before the time of William the Conqueror.* 

Richard de Pudsey was the founder of the ancient 
Pudsey family, whose descendants are living unto this day. 

Gregory de Pudsey, the son of Richard, gave 18 acres 
of land in Pudsey to Kirkstall Abbey, viz., 10 near Ferneley- 
brooke, and eight in one assart, with a toft and garden. 

* See pages 4 and 5. 



158 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Roger DE Pudsey, son of Gregory, gave to the same 
Monastery two and a half acres of land in Pudsey. Roger had 
a son called THOMAS, who gave to the same Abbey an assart 
in the wood near Farnley River or Brooke. His son was 

Geoffrey de Pudsey, who also gave to Kirkstall Abbey 
an ancient messuage, garden, and three acres of land with 
common-right in Pudsey, which messuage was probably the 
Mansion House of the family, because his son and heir, Simon 
de Pudsey was married to Katherine, daughter and heiress of 
John, Lord of Bolton, near Gisburn in Craven, to which place he 
removed, temp., Ed. II., 1307 to 1327, and from him there is a 
full pedigree of the family in Thoresby's Ducatus, and also in 
Foster's Pedigrees of Yorkshire Families. 

Adam Sampson de Pudsey gave five acres of land in Pud- 
sey, in 1280, to Kirkstall Abbey, and his son, Walter Sampson, 
o-ave with his corpse an annuity of 2s. issuing out of lands here. 
He also gave one meadow with all his lands in Grimflat. This 
Walter was one of the few persons who were honoured with 
burial in the Abbey. 

Tempest Milner, son of Samuel Milner, of Pudsey, was 
a Citizen and Merchant Taylor and Alderman of London. He 
purchased the Manor of Pudsey and estates there from Henry 
Calverley, and Joyce, his wife, in 1649, and reconveyed them to 
Henry Calverley, in 1650. He had a son, JOHN MiLNER, who 
was English Consul at Lisbon, in Portugal. 

Robert Milner, brother of Tempest, purchased the Manor 
of Pudsey and estates there from Walter Calverley, in 1663. 

John Milner, son of Robert, was the next Lord of the 
Manor, and he was one of the witnesses who signed the will of 
Elk. Wales, at Leeds, in 1669. This John Milner, who died in 
1 7 10- II, had a son John who was an M.U. He died in 1724. 

Elkanah Wales, M.A., who was born at Idle, in 1588, 
and after a course of studies at Trinity College, Cambridge, 
terminating in 1609, he accepted the poor curacy of Pudsey 
Chapel, about the year 1614.* 

Rev. James Sale was the son of Mr. James Sale, of Pud- 
sey, where he was born in 16 19. He was a companion and 
great comfort to old Mr. Wales, with whom he served as a son in 
the Gospel. He was educated at the University of Cambridge.-f- 

Rev. Richard Hutton, of Pudsey, who was the great 
grandson of Dr. Matthew Hutton, Archbishop of York ; grand- 
son of Sir Thomas Hutton, of Poppleton ; and the son of Richard 

• See pages 1)7-50. + See pages 51, So Si. 



RICHARD THORNTON, ESQ. 1 59 

Hutton, Esq., and his wife Dorothy, daughter of Ferdinand 
Viscount Fairfax, Baron of Cameron in Scotland and Denton in 
Vorkshire, "Mr. Richard Hutton and Beatrix Sale" were 
married at Calverley Church, October 27th, 1682. Mr. Hutton 
was buried there July 28th, 1708, and his widow was buried July 
23rd, 1709. They were buried in the south aisle, and their 
broken tombstone is near to the tombstone of Mr. Sale. 

Richard Hutton, Esq., of Pudsey, son of the above-named 
Richard Hutton, married, at Hopton, Mary, the daughter of the 
Rev. Richard Thorpe, one of the ejected ministers, a man of 
property, and then a nonconformist minister at Hopton. This 
Mrs. Mary Hutton, of Pudsey, died in 1723, and was buried at 
Calverley Church, December 24th. 

Richard Thornton, Esq., of Tiersal, Pudsey, was Re- 
corder of Leeds, and a celebrated antiquary. Thoresby, in his 
History of Leeds, styles him *' the learned, ingenious, and pious 
Richard Thornton, Esq., the excellent Recorder of Leeds, Heir 
male of the ancient Family of the Thorntons, of Thornton and 
Tyersall, whose noble collection of manuscripts has been of 
singular advantage unto me in this undertaking, and yet the 
benefit received from his personal instruction and assistance has 
been infinitely more." Then follows a full pedigree of the family. 
He died in October, 17 10, aged 51, and was buried at St. John's 
Church, Leeds, He had a son, John Thornton, Esq., of Tyersall, 
who was also a merchant at Hamburgh. 

Richard Hey, drysalter of Pudse}% was the son of John 
Hey, of Pudsey, and was born in the year 1702. He married 
Mary,the daughter and co-heiress of Mr. Jacob Simpson,a surgeon 
in Leeds, whose father was a physician in Wakefield. She was 
descended from the Sykes family, and the pedigree of the family 
may be seen in Thoresby's History of Leeds, and also may that 
of Mr. Hey's family, at page 3. It is recorded that Mr. and 
Mrs. Hey paid such attention to the instilling of good principles, 
that very serious offences among their children were rare, and 
whilst he impressed upon his children, with peculiar energy, his own 
nice sense of right and wrong, he intermixed with it a degree of 
prudential consideration. His strict integrity was so well known 
that he was frequently spoken of as " Honest Mr. Hey." He 
was a zealous Churchman, and paid much respect to the clergy, 
and he contributed liberally towards increasing the endowment 
of the Old Chapel of Pudsey, in 1733, Mr. Hey died on the 
24th of February, 1766, aged 63. His illness must have been of 
short duration, as I find that he attended a town's committee 



l6o HISTORY OF PUDSEY. ' 

meeting as overseer of the poor, on the ist of the same month. 
Mrs. Hey died on the 19th of May, 1768. They had a family of 
eight children, and all their sons who lived to manhood received 
honourable titles, and became eminent men in their several 
spheres of labour. Their children were: — ist, Rebecca, bap. 
March 10, 1730-1, who married the Rev. Wm. Holmes, vicar of 
Thorner, curate of Knottingley and Ferry Fryston, and Master 
of the Free School at Pontefract. 2nd, Richard, bap. Sep., 1732, 
who died young. 3rd, John Hey, D.D., bap. Aug. i, 1734. 4th, 
William Hey, F.R.S., bap. Aug. 16, 1736. 5th, Samuel Hey, 
M.A., bap. March 28, 1739. 6th, Dorothy, bap. April 9, 1741, 
who married Mr. John Radclifife, of Pudsey, drysalter. 7th, 
Sarah, bap. April 15, 1743, who married Mr. John Sharp, of 
Gildersome, drysalter. 8th, Richard Hey, LL.D., bap. in Sep- 
tember, 1745. 

John Hey, D.D., the second, but eldest surviving son of 
Mr. Richard Hey, of Pudsey, was born in July, 1734, and when 
between nine and ten years of age was sent, along with his 
younger brother William, to an academy at Heath, near Wake- 
field, which was superintended by a gentleman of highly re- 
spectable character, and an eminent mathematician, Mr. Joseph 
Randall, who conducted it upon a large and liberal, though 
somewhat expensive plan. The Rev. Dr. Dodgson, afterwards 
Bishop of Elphin, and the Rev. Mr. Sedgewick, afterwards head- 
master of the Free Grammar School at Leeds, were classical 
tutors. When seventeen years of age, in I75i,hewent to the 
University at Cambridge, where he was admitted of Katherine 
Hall, and he continued a member of that college till 1758, when 
he removed to a Fellowship in Sidney Sussex College, of which 
college he continued a member till he quitted the University in 
1795. We may form some estimate of the assiduity with which 
he pursued his studies when we are informed that before he was 
twenty-one years of age he had taken his degree of B.A. of 
Katherine Hall ; and when twenty-four his degree of M.A. of 
Sidney College, viz., in 1758. He took the degree of B.D. in 
1765, and D.D. in 1780. But in 1775 he performed his exercise 
for his doctor's degree, in which he gave (says his brother 
Richard) an instance of that mode of disputation which is not 
usual, and is called a Public Act. He was a tutor of Sidney 
College from 1760 to 1779, and he was one of the preachers of 
His Majesty's Chapel at Whitehall. Lord Maynard offered him 
the rectory of Passenham, in Northamptonshire, near Stony 
Stratford, which he accepted, and immediatcl}- vacated hi.s 



JOHN HEY, D.D. l6l 

Fellowship in Sidney College. Not long afterwards he ob- 
tained the adjoining rectory of Calverton, Bucks, by exchange for 
one offered to him by the Earl of Clarendon, Chancellor of the 
Duchy of Lancaster. In 1780, he was elected the first Norrisian 
Professor of Divinity in the University. In 1785, and again in 
1790, the professorship became vacant by the will of the founder, 
Mr. Norris, and he was each time re-elected. In 1795, he ceased 
to be professor, being too old, by the will, to be re-elected, and 
having declined to vacate the professorship, in 1794, in order to 
be re-elected within the prescribed age. When tutor in Sidney 
College, he gave lectures on Morality, which were attended by 
several persons voluntarily (amongst whom were the great states- 
man, Mr. Pitt, and other persons of rank), besides to those pupils 
whose attendance was required. These lectures on Morality 
have not been printed, but his lectures on Divinity are before the 
public, having been printed at the University Press, 1796 to 1798, 
and, published in four volumes, octavo. These lectures have 
passed through three editions ; the last edition was published in 
1841, and was edited by Bishop Turton, of Ely. In 181 1 he 
printed — without publishing — "General Observations on the 
Writings of St. Paul." On an application for a copy of the 
latter work, made to him through a nephew (Mr. Sharp), the 
author, wrote the following peculiar answer, a copy of which I 
have in the hand-writing of the applicant : — 

Mr. Dock! does me Honor : but I think you must tell him that I do noi piibltsh , 
or take money for my Observations on St. Paul, being unwilling to unsettle any one's 
notions: that I have printed only a small number, and at a very considerable Expence, 
and so am obliged to be very stingy of my copies, and to lay down Rules to myself about 
the Disposal of them. One is not to give a Copy to any one who can easily borrow 
one. Now, as Mr. Dodd lives in London, he might, by using my name, borrow a 
Copy of Mr. Richard Twining, Junior, No. 34, Norfolk Street, Strand. I give to no 
Bishop, to no Curate, to no Female (Mrs. West excepted, for particular Reasons, and 
as an Authoress), to no Young Person in a Course of Education, to no Calvinist, 
semi or quarter Calvinist, to no one without his consenting to hazard his principles — 
and so on. 

In 1 81 2, he published a pamphlet entitled — 

" Remarks on a Bill in Parliament respecting Parish Registers," and at page 22 he 
refers to the "village of Pudsey, where is a capital Establishment of Moravians ; be- 
sides several thousands of inhabitants of all denominations." 

In the year 18 14, he divested himself of the whole of his 
ecclesiastical preferments, which were merely the two livings 
mentioned before. He removed to London in October, having 
resigned the living at Calverton at Lady Day, and Passenham 
on the loth of October. From that time he continued in 
London, until his death ; growing feeble in body, till, without 

M 



1 62 tllSTORY OF PUDSEY. 

painful disease, he sunk under that feebleness, retaining to the 
last a soundness of mind, and giving to every business that came 
before him a remarkable degree of that careful attention, which 
had evidently been with him a matter of strict duty throughout 
a long course of years. He died on the 17th of March, 181 5, 
aged eighty years, and was buried in the burial-ground of St. 
John's Chapel, St. John's Wood, Marylebone, in which parish he 
died. 

William Hey, Esq., F.R.S., an eminent surgeon, of Leeds, 
was the second surviving son of Mr. Richard Hey, of Pudsey, 
and was born in August, 1736. At seven years of age, he was 
sent to school near Wakefield, along with his elder brother John, 
and during the seven years that he remained at school, he 
applied himself to his studies with great diligence and industry, 
and thus acquired a vast amount of useful knowledge. He dis- 
played a great love of learning and science, which increased with 
his years, and was conspicuous through every subsequent period 
of his life. At fourteen years of age, he was apprenticed to a 
surgeon and apothecary at Leeds, where he acquitted himself 
with great credit. In 1759, he commenced the exercise of his 
profession in Leeds, and slowly and gradually rose to the very 
highest position, as a skilful surgeon, a Christian philanthropist, 
and a worthy citizen. Li scientific matters, he was intimately 
associated with Dr. Priestley, on whose recommendation he was 
elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1775. He took a very 
active part in the formation of the Leeds Infirmary, and was 
appointed one of the surgeons, an office which he held for forty- 
five years, thirty-nine of which he was the senior surgeon. On 
the formation of a Leeds Philosophical Society in 1783, Mr. Hey 
was elected president, and read many valuable papers to the 
members. In 1786, he was elected an alderman of the borough 
of Leeds, and in the following year was appointed Mayor. He 
was again elected Mayor in 1802. This eminent man died on 
the 23rd of March, 18 19, full of honours, and at the advanced 
age of 83. He was buried at St. Paul's Church, Leeds, and his 
funeral was attended by a great number of friends and fellow- 
townsmen. The death of Mr. Hey was an event deeply felt and 
sincerely lamented throughout the borough of Leeds. A full- 
length marble statue of Mr. Hey (by Chantrey) was afterwards 
erected by the subscriptions of his fellow-townsmen, and is 
placed in the Leeds General Infirmary. 

Samuel Hey, M.A., was the brother of the preceding 
Keys. He was born on the i6th of March, 1739, and was 



RICHARD HEY, LL.t). 163 

educated at Cambridge, where he attained his B.A.., and after- 
wards his M.A., degrees. He was elected Fellow and Tutor of 
Magdalene College, Cambridge. He was afterwards vicar of 
Steeple Ashton, in Wiltshire ; and Dr. Whitaker says of him, 
that he was " an excellent parish priest." He left a benefaction 
of ;^50 to the Leeds Infirmary, with this condition attached to 
it, that the Church minister at Pudsey should for ever have a 
right to recommend patients, equal to a subscriber of two guineas 
annually. 

Richard Hey, Esq., LL.D., was the youngest son of Mr. 
Richard Hey, of Pudsey. He was born on the 22nd of August, 
1745. He, too, like his other brothers, was educated at Cam- 
bridge, and when twenty-two years of age, took his degree of 
B.A., as third wrangler of Magdalene College, obtaining also the 
Chancellor's first gold medal and the Smith Prize. Three years 
afterwards he took his M.A., of Sidney College, and in the same 
year, viz., 1771,. in November, he was called to the Bar, in the 
Middle Temple; and with a view to the practice at Doctors' 
Commons, he took the degree of LL.D., in December, 1778, of 
Sidney Sussex College ; and he obtained in the same year the 
fiat of the Archbishop of Canterbury for his admission into 
Doctors' Commons. However, as a barrister he did not succeed, 
so he retired from the Bar. He was a Fellow and Tutor of 
Sidney Sussex College till 1778 ; and afterwards of Magdalene 
College from 1782 to 1796. He was also elected one of the 
Esquire Bedells. He married the daughter of Thomas Brown, 
Esq., of Hatfield, Herts, Garter-Principal King-at-Arms, who 
died without issue. He died on December 7th, 1835, at 
Hertingfordbury, near Hertford, in the 91st year of his age, 
being the last surviving son of Mr. Richard Hey, of Pudsey. 

John Ryley was an eminent mathematician, and was 
teacher of mathematics, etc., at Leeds, for a long period of years. 
He was born at All-Cotes, Pudsey, on the 30th of November, 
1747. He received at an early age such a common education as 
the school of his native village afforded, and was afterwards 
employed at home, in the joint occupation of husbandman and 
cloth manufacturer ; spending his leisure hours diligently in the 
study of the various branches of mathematical science. So 
assiduous and successful was his application, that he was suffi- 
ciently qualified for engaging as mathematical teacher at the 
Drighlington Grammar School, a situation which he held with 
great credit for upwards of a year ; then, yielding to the solicita- 
tions of his friends, he opened a school at Pudsey, where he 



164 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

received a good share of that encouragement which his abihties 
entitled him to expect. He afterwards obtained an excellent 
situation as schoolmaster at Beeston, where he remained for 
thirteen years, and won the respect of all who were brought in 
contact with him. In 1789, the situation of head-master of the 
Charity School in Leeds became vacant, and Mr. Ryley, being 
highly recommended for the position, received the appointment, 
and held it with distinguished ability until his death, which took 
place on the 24th of April, 1815, in the 69th year of his age. 
He was one of the originators and the first editor of a " Literary, 
Mathematical, and Philosophical Miscellany," called "The Leeds 
Correspondent," until his death. He also compiled a " History 
of Leeds and the Neighbouring Villages," published in 1808. 

John Edwards was born at Fulneck, Pudsey, on 
December 5th, 1772. He was the son of a shoemaker, and when 
young learned the trade of a shalloon weaver. He removed to 
Derby, where he was engaged in the spirit trade. He was an 
estimable man and a pleasing poet. His first publication was — 
"All Saints' Church, Derby," a blank verse composition, 1805 ; 
his next — " The Tour of the Dove ; or, a Visit to Dovedale," 
published in 1821. Smaller pieces appeared from his pen after- 
wards, as " Recollections of Filey," etc. 

Rev. Joseph Sutcliffe, M.A., an eminent Wesleyan 
minister, was a working man at Pudsey, when at twenty-two 
years of age, he was in 1784 appointed a class-leader and local 
preacher, and in 1786 he was sent from Pudsey by Mr. Wesley 
to labour in the Redruth circuit. He was a useful and honoured 
Wesleyan minister for the long period of seventy years, and died 
May 14th, 1856, aged 94 years. He had creditable literary 
attainments, was an excellent grammarian, an admirable 
sermoniser, a pious and intelligent commentator, and a 
respectable geologist. He was the author of several useful 
works. 

Rev. Michael Maurice, Junr. — In the Old Chapel grave- 
yard (All Saints', Pudsey), there is a tomb-stone to mark the 
resting-place of a "Mr. Maurice, an orthodox dissenting minister." 
This was the father of Michael Maurice, who was a man of real 
worth. Michael Maurice was born at Pudsey in the year 1767. 
His father, it is said, was a man of serious mind, and his son's 
preparation for the ministry was made under a deep sense of 
responsibility. 

Mr. Maurice's first settlement as a minister was at Great 
Yarmouth ; but it does not appear that his stay here was long, 



REV. MICHAEL MAURICE, JUN. 165 

for soon after the Birmingham riots, when Dr. Priestley had to 
fly for his Hfe to London, Mr. Maurice was invited to take the 
afternoon duty at the Gravel Pit Chapel, Hackney, and he soon 
became intimately associated with the great Dr. Priestley. It is 
mentioned as an interesting fact in his history, that he assisted 
the Dr. in packing his books and philosophical apparatus when 
the latter took farewell of his ungrateful country. Mr. Maurice 
did not remain with the Hackney congregation long after Dr. 
Priestley's departure for America. He removed to Kirby, where 
he opened a school, which proved most successful. But in this 
secluded place there was no temple in which he could consistently 
worship. — At this little village was born, in the year 1805, his son 
Frederick D. Maurice, who became the great Professor Maurice, 
of King's College, London. Professor Maurice is the author of 
many valuable works on theology and metaphysics, his great 
work — " The Religions of the World," still keeps its place in the 
literature of England. From Kirby, for what reason does not 
appear, Mr. Maurice went to Lowestoft, in Suffolk, a town of 
little promise, yet connected with the gloomy early history of 
Crabbe, the poet, and of which the upright though eccentric 
Whiston was once vicar. Mr. Maurice's predecessor in the Lowes- 
toft pulpit was the learned and amiable Thomas Scott, the poetical 
translator of the book of Job. Here Mr. Maurice spent several 
years of usefulness, but in 181 5 he was chosen minister to the 
small but respectable congregation at Frenchey, a pretty hamlet 
near Bristol. The chapel at Frenchey stood on a pleasant com- 
mon, though there were many genteel houses in the vicinity of 
the chapel. In this beautiful retirement, with plenty of work to 
do, Mr. Maurice stayed till the year 1824. His son, F. D. Maurice, 
who was a man of great learning, married twice, and both times 
remarkably gifted women. The first was sister to John Sterling, 
the poet ; the second was a sister to Sterling's friend Hare, and 
was also a lady very distinguished in the literary world. Mr. 
Michael Maurice's other children went with him to Sidmouth, 
Southampton, Reading, and finally to London. It is said that 
Mr. Maurice was a fine speaker, and had a remarkable command 
of language. It is also said he was always heard with pleasure 
as a preacher. Mr. Maurice was a thorough advocate of civil 
and religious equality. He was associated with Clarkson and 
Macaulay (the father of Lord Macaulay, the historian), in their 
work of slavery abolition. Among his friends in the world of 
literature were Mrs. Barbauld, Coleridge, Samuel Rogers, Dr. 
Price, and others. He lived a good life and was a man of high 



1 66 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

culture, with an open mind for all good, and retained his mental 
faculties to the last. He died near London in 1855, at the 
advanced age of eighty-eight* 

Lepton Dobson, Esq., of Grove House, Pudsey, occupied 
with distinguished honour the position of Mayor of Leeds in 
1 82 1. It was during his i^^'oralty that it was resolved to pull 
down the Middle Row in'criggate. It was Mr. Dobson who 
succeeded, after others had failed, in laying the foundation of an 
agreement with the Vicar of Leeds, which led to the institution 
of the Free Market in Vicar's Croft, which Parson's History of 
Leeds says, was " one of the most signal and beneficial improve- 
ments ever accomplished in the town of Leeds." The first stone 
of the Central Market in Duncan Street, Leeds, was laid by 
Lepton Dobson, on the 26th November, 1824, as also was that 
of the Commercial Buildings, on May i8th, 1826. One of the 
ancestors of Lepton Dobson was 

Joseph Lepton, who also deserves a place in our list of 
eminent townsmen. He was one of the first trustees of the 
Nonconformist Chapel, erected in 1708, at the top of Chapel- 
town, Pudsey, and he left by Will, dated 171 5, a field, called 
Dick Royd, in Pudsey, the rent of which, after deducting ;^3 a 
year for a dissenting minister settled in Pudsey, was to be given 
to the poor who do not receive parish relief He was brother- 
in-law to Richard Hey, drysalter, having married Dorothy, the 
daughter of Mr. John Hey, of Pudsey. He died in 17 16, at 
Little Gomersal, having appointed John Hey, of Pudsey, his 
father-in-law, and Jonas Thornton, of Horton, his executors. 

Lieut. John Carr, a native of Pudsey, born June 2nd, 
1798. When seventeen years of age, he joined the army, and 
rose from the ranks to be Lieutenant and Adjutant of the 2nd 
Regiment of Life Guards ; was personally complimented for his 
abilities in manoeuvring troops by His Majesty the King. 
Served in the Life Guards for the space of twenty-four years in 
the most zealous and exemplary manner. Died from the result 
of an accident, much respected, June 6th, 1839, aged 41 years, 
and was interred in the Holy Trinity Church, Brompton, 
London. 

Samuel Ryley, mathematician, was the son of Mr. Joseph 
Ryley, of All-Cotes, Pudsey. He was born in 1783, and from 
his boyhood took the greatest interest in arithmetical and mathe- 
matical studies. He was instructed by his uncle, Mr. John 
Ryley, and showed himself a worthy pupil. He contributed to 

* This notice is contributed by Mr. Thompson, of Pudssy. 



\* 



^; 



^ 




/H^i^c 



^i,-*^*^ 




^:-^<Z^ 



BISHOP REICHEL, D.D. 167 

some of the mathematical periodicals of his time. He died on 
the 1 6th of May, 1847, aged 64 years, and was buried in the 
burial ground of Pudsey Church. 

William Huggan, was born in 1802, and after learning 
the art of cloth-making, carried on a successful business during a 
long life. In township matters he was a faithful public servant, 
for at various times, through a long period of years, he filled 
local offices with credit to himself and satisfaction to his fellow- 
townsmen. Every movement which had for its object the im- 
provement of society, the extension of freedom, whether civil or 
religious, had his countenance and hearty support. Institutions 
for the diffusion of knowledge and the spread of instruction 
amongst the young were benefited by his liberal and generous 
donations. He will be long remembered, not only for the many 
sterling qualities he consistently exhibited, his unswerving 
adherence to principle, and the unblemished character he main- 
tained, but also for his high sense of public duties and the 
obligations of the citizen, all of which he discharged in an 
honourable and worthy manner. He held the office of overseer 
of the poor for many years, and previously had held the office 
of guardian for several years, and for the three years prior to his 
death he was one of the councillors of the Bramley Ward in the 
Leeds Town Council. Mr. Huggan died on the 6th day of 
December, 1869, and was interred at the Independent Methodist 
Chapel, Lowtown, Pudsey. 

The Right Rev. ClIARLES PARSONS Reichel, was born 
at Fulneck, in 18 16. He was the son of a Moravian minister, 
but his ancestors have been, with the above exception, Lutheran 
clergymen, so far back as the Thirty Years' War. In 1835 he 
became a member of the University of Berlin, where he studied 
Hebrew, Syriac, and Arabic, together with Ecclesiastical History 
and New Testament Exegesis. In 1838 he returned to England, 
and graduated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he gained a 
classical scholarship, and took a gold medal in Greek, first 
Hebrew premium at seven examinations, and v/as first in the 
first class at the final Divinity examination in 1846. He was 
then ordained deacon in 1847 ; appointed to a curacy at St. 
Mary's, Dublin, which he resigned three years afterwards on 
being appointed Professor of Latin, at Queen's College, Belfast. 
In 1854 he was chosen Donnellan Lecturer at Dublin University. 
These lectures are now out of print, and he has been Select 
Preacher at the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge, and Dublin ; 
in the latter University holding the office twice. In 1856 he 



1 68 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

was created D.D. by the University of Dublin, and in 1864 ac- 
cepted the vicarage of Mullingar at the hands of the Crown, 
where he remained until he was transferred to Trim and the 
Archdeaconry of Meath in 1875. Dr. Reichel was appointed 
Dean of Clonmacnois, and he acted as Commissioner for his 
Grace the Lord Primate, in which capacity he carried on the 
affairs of the diocese of Meath, in the interregnum that elapsed 
after the death of Dr. Butcher ; and at the election of Dr. 
Plunket, now Lord Archbishop of Dublin, the present Bishop him- 
self received a large number of votes, especially from the laity. On 
Lord Plunkct's election in 1885, Dr. Reichel was elected to the 
See. He was one of the three Select Preachers at the late Church 
Congress at Wakefield.* 

John T. Beer, F.S.A.S., F.R.S.L., Threapland House, Pud- 
sey. He was born at Whitstable, in Kent, in the year 1825, and 
received his early training in the British School of that place. 
At twelve years of age he was removed to Maidstone, and began 
working life as an errand boy, subsequently learning the trade of 
a tailor with his father. He worked at his trade in London, and 
as a foreman at Retford and Sheffield, and while in Retford was 
married to a daughter of Mr. William Pennington, a worthy 
burgess of that ancient borough. In 1857, he commenced busi- 
ness on his own account in Leeds, at the instigation of the late 
Dr. Punshon. During his business career, he devoted much 
attention to studies of an intellectual character, and was fre- 
quently engaged giving lectures on physiological, scientific, and 
other equally solid subjects. Poetry also, found in him a devoted 
admirer, and he wooed the Muse himself on many occasions.t 
Mr. Beer was connected with the Cambridge University Exten- 
sion scheme on its introduction into Leeds, and was the President 
of the Students' Union during the three years of its existence. 
Before this Union he gave lectures on the Transit of Venus, 
Comets and Shooting Stars, and the Moon. He is also President 
of the Bradford Scientific Association ; before which he has 
lectured on " Changes in the Coast-line of Kent," the " Motions 
of the Moon," " Past and present History of the Moon," "Solar 
Physics," etc. He has also been engaged for many years in 
pursuits of an antiquarian character, having thereby acquired an 
important and valuable collection of Roman and other pottery, 
coins, old china, rare books, etc. Mr. Beer has been untiring in 

* This sketch has been contributed by the Rev. R. V. Taylor, B.A. See also sketches of Dr, 
Reichel, in Church Bells, No. 321, and Men of ilie Time, 1887. 

t For list of Mr. Beer's writings, see Chapter on the Bibliography of Piidsey. 



JOHN NAYLOR, MUS. DOC. 169 

his efforts on behalf of the Mechanics' Institute and other asso- 
ciations, religious and philanthropic, of Pudsey. For upwards 
of twenty years Mr. Beer has been closely connected with the 
Wesleyan Church in Pudsey, formerly as a local preacher, and 
since, as the teacher of the Adult Class, which at the present 
time numbers over forty members. In 1871, he was elected a 
Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, and also of the 
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. 

John Naylor, Mus. Doc, Oxford. This talented musi- 
cian was born at Stanningley, at which time his father was clerk 
of St. Paul's Church, Leeds (a very important position forty 
years ago). It is said of the elder Naylor that " he possessed a 
fine, rich-toned bass voice, with which he used to astonish the 
congregation occasionally, when holding out the low note in one 
of the responses or the Amens." He was a good-natured, genial 
man, and his company was much sought after by music-loving 
friends. Young Naylor received his earliest musical training as 
a choir-boy at the Parish Church, Leeds, the first year and a half 
of which time Dr. S. S. Wesley was the organist. He was after- 
wards deputy-organist thereuntil 1856, when, at seventeen and 
a half years of age, he was appointed by Dr. Whiteside to the 
organistship and choirmastership of the parish church of Scar- 
borough. This position he held until 1873, when he was 
appointed organist of All Saints', Scarborough ; and in 1883 he 
was promoted to the valuable and much-coveted post of 
organist and choirmaster of York Minster. 

Nelson Varlf.y was born in 1846, the son of Richard 
Varley, of Stanningley. He was apprenticed in his youth to 
Mr. Nicholson, organ-builder, of Bradford, but long before his 
indentures were out, he had shown himself to be possessed of 
a tenor voice of fine quality and power. Encouraged by some 
friends at Bradford, Mr. Varley, on the expiration of his 
apprenticeship, was taken in hand by Chevalier Lemmens, 
to whom he engaged himself for five years, and under 
whose direction he was first introduced to the public at 
the Crystal Palace, with a success which was in the 
highest degree gratifying. He accompanied Madame 
Sherrington and a "concert party" through the provincial towns 
four or five years in succession, and both in the country and in 
London made good his early promise. Mr. Varley also accom- 
panied Madame Rudersdorf to America, where his success was 
even greater than in England. After being in America rather 
more than a year, he returned to this country, and, with his wife 



I^O HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

(Mdlle. Theresa Liebe), fulfilled many successful engagements. 
Mr. Varley died at Cardiff, on the 2nd of December, 1883, at the 
age of 37. 

Robert Salter. Born in 18 17, in very humble circum- 
stances, the subject of our sketch became one of the brightest 
examples of the class of citizens who raise themselves from ob- 
scurity to positions of wealth and respect. He was a man of a 
most retiring disposition ; shunned all ostentation, but he had 
great business tact and ability, and those qualities of honesty 
and integrity, which build up a solid and permanent commercial 
concern. His prosperity and great success in business did not, 
as is too often the case, harden his heart, or tighten his purse 
strings, for, throughout his life, he had a large tender heart and a 
generous disposition, which prompted him to do many a benevo- 
lent action unknown to those around him. In 1854 Mr. Salter 
commenced business with Mr. W. D. Scales, in Pudsey, the pur- 
chase money of the business being ;^300, a large proportion of 
which was borrowed. This was during the time of the Crimean 
War, and for three years trade was very bad, and after this lapse 
of time the firm found they had not a penny left. Thanks to 
their honourable business transactions, this time of trial and 
difficulty was overcome, and a change for the better took place. 
The firm grew and prospered, and ultimately became one of the 
largest firms in the county in the wholesale boot and shoe trade. 
Much of this success was due to Mr. Salter, whose integrity, 
knowledge, skill, and energy in the mechanical department had 
no small share in building up the very extensive and successful 
business of this important firm. Mr. Salter was a Liberal in 
politics, and a Congregationalist in religion. He was elected a 
member of the first Local Board of Health in Pudsey, but re- 
signed his seat on his removal to Underwood Villa, Rawden, in 
1875. He was thrice married, and left a widow and a son, Mr. 
Joseph Salter, The Oaks, Newlay ; and daughter, Mrs. Driver, 
Croft House, Rickardshaw Lane ; and two grandsons, children 
of a son who had been dead several years. 

John Holmes Walker, C.E., was the only son of Mr. 
Joseph Walker, chemist, of Pudsey, and was born in 1855. From 
a child he was devoted to study and learning. He evinced great 
aptitude for scientific knowledge — sanitary engineering, electricity, 
and cognate subjects being favourite objects of study with him. 
After a successful school life, he was articled to a civil engineer, 
and pursued his scientific studies in the evening. He eventually 
qualified himself as a civil engineer, and became an Associate of 



RICPIARD WOMERSLEY. I7I 

the Society of Engineers. He became one of the most active 
members of the Bradford Scientific Association, frequently 
reading papers before that body, one of the ablest being on 
" Various forces of energy." When 2 1 years old, he was the 
second out of 108 candidates, in an examination (twenty sub- 
jects) for the position of Assistant Civil Engineer to the 
Admiralty, and was informed that had he been five years 
older, he would have received the appointment. He subse- 
quently was appointed electrical engineer to Messrs. Bower and 
Son, St. Neots. In a short time afterwards he fell a victim to 
excessive study and overwork, and at 24 years of age 
the bright promise of a very clever and useful life was for ever 
eclipsed. He lingered for five"- years in deep mental affliction, 
and died on Sunday, the nth of April, 1866, deeply regretted 
by every one who knew him and esteemed him, for his kind and 
good nature, as well as for his brilliant mental qualities. 

John Hyland Clough. This gentleman was born at 
Fulneck in 18 14, and commenced business as a grocer at Hors- 
forth in 1840. Here he occupied a seat on the Board of 
Guardians, and was much respected. He went to Stockton in 
1855, where he commenced business as a provision merchant, 
and was prosperous. He took a warm interest in the progress 
and welfare of his adopted town, and for seventeen years repre- 
sented the South-West Ward in the Tov/n Council. In 
November, 1876, he was elected Mayor of the borough. Mr. 
Clough departed this life on the 23rd day of April, 1878. 

Richard Womersley. As a public servant, this gentle- 
man held a deservedly high position, and at his death, which 
took place on the 13th of December, 1878, Pudsey lost one of its 
most useful inhabitants. He filled at various times several 
offices in the management of the business of the town, both with 
credit to himself and advantage to the township. He was the 
first chairman of the Burial Board, and took a most active part in 
securing the new cemetery. For a long time he served on the 
directorate of the Gas, Water, and other local Companies, where 
his sound judgment and strict integrity always commanded 
respect. He was one of the two trustees of the Christmas dole, 
known as Lepton's Charity, which is given to the poor annually. 
He was well-known as a moderate Liberal in politics, and took 
an active part in both local and general political organisations. 
In religion he was a Congregationalist, and took an active 
interest in the formation of the Congregational Day School, 
Greenside, in 1853, and was one of its principal supporters until 



p. A. STRICKLAND. 1/3 

it was transferred to the School Board. He was also a trustee, 
and for a long period the treasurer, of the Congregational 
Church. Mr. Womersley was born at Hill Foot, in Calverley, 
in 1813. 

P. A. Strickland, A. CO., though not a native of Pudsey, 
was so much connected with the town and its music, that no 
apology need be offered for this brief memoir. He was born at 
Farsley on July 13th, 1858, and was the eldest son of Mr. Abra- 
ham Strickland of that village. His father being a musician, 
young Peter early became acquainted with the rudiments of the 
art, and evinced a great desire to learn more. When he was 
eleven years of age, he was admitted as a chorister at St. Thomas' 
Church, Stanningley, under the late Mr. Joseph Varley Roberts, 
brother of Dr. Roberts, now organist of Christ Church, Oxford. 
Two years later, Mr. Abraham Strickland was appointed Choir- 
master at St. Paul's Church, Pudsey, and Peter went to join his 
father. In a very short time he became the principal treble 
singer, and could without difficulty sing solos from most of the 
oratorios. In 1874, when he was only 15 years of age, he began 
to compose music, his hymn tunes — one in particular — being 
often sung in the church. He knew nothing of the theory of 
harmony at this time, yet the harmony of the favourite tune was 
so good, that it was not found possible to improve upon it in later 
years. He had been for some time learning the organ, under 
the able tutorship of F. W, Hird,Esq. (then organist of St. Peter's, 
Bramley), and made such progress that he received the appoint- 
ment of organist at Rodley Mission Church. He also studied the 
pianoforte, and became so proficient that his services were very 
much in request for local concerts, etc. In 1878, when seventeen 
years of age, he left the Mission Church to devote the whole of his 
time to music, and succeeding in obtaining the position of organist 
at the Wesleyan Chapel, Stanningley, which post he held four 
years, when he was promoted to Rawden Church. At the Society 
of Arts Examination in July, 1882, he was awarded first-class 
Certificates for organ and pianoforte playing, and took a Second- 
class Honors Certificate. In 1883, he entered the examination 
of the College of Organists, London, and on July 20th of that 
year, received his diploma as an Associate. In the same year 
he was appointed, after competition, to succeed Mr. A. Benton, 
as organist and choirmaster at Pudsey Parish Church, and he 
held the position up to his death. In 1883, also, he was made 
conductor of the Pudsey Choral Union. He was the composer 
of a large number of hymn tunes and choruses, which have been 



1^4 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

published and well received. Besides these, he has left, in manu- 
script, at least forty part-songs, duets, songs, etc. Three of the 
principal published songs are " Love for Evermore," "Years may 
come and years may go," and " Something More," the words of 
each of these being supplied by the well-knov/n writer, Edward 
Oxenford. Two dramatic cantatas " The Crusaders," and " The 
Knight's Guerdon," both works of some promise, were unfor- 
tunately left unfinished. 

In 1883, a tumour grew on his left arm, which, though brought 
before several medical men, grew worse. He was recommended to 
go to St. George's Hospital, London, where on April 18th, 1884, 
the limb was amputated. The shock proved too much for him, 
and he died a few hours after the operation, at the early age of 25. 
His remains were brought to Pudsey and interred in the cemetery. 
About 400 persons, including 40 of his pupils, took part in the 
funeral ; full choral services, with the assistance of the Pudsey 
Choral Society, were held in the Parish Church and at the grave. 
His happiest moments were when he was composing, and he 
thought little of losing his arm, being confident of making his 
living as a composer. His death was much regretted. A fine 
monument has been erected — by subscription — to his memory.* 

R. Machill Garth. — This promising musician was born 
at Pudsey on the 15th day of October, i860, his parents being 
descended from two old and well-known Pudsey families, viz., 
the Garths of Lowtown and the Machills of Ratcliff House. 
Young Garth received his early training at the Free Grammar 
School, Batley, and was a chorister boy at the old church there 
for two years, when between seven and nine years of age. When 
only nine years old, he officiated as organist at Batley Church, 
on the resignation of Mr. Wilkinson, but some time afterwards 
he became organist at Carlinghow mission church, St. James's. 
He was subsequently appointed as pianist at the Literary 
and Philosophical Exhibition, Middlesbrough (1875), during 
which period he was also organist and choirmaster of St. Martin's, 
and sub-organist of St. Paul's, Middlesbrough. When eighteen 
years of age, Master Garth was appointed sub-organist of St. 
Mary's Cathedral, Edinburgh, which post he held for six years, 
and during two of these years, he also held the posts of private 
organist to the Right Hon. Sir Molyneux H. Nepean, and the 
Hon. Sir Edward Colebrooke, Bt., M.P. In January, 1885, Mr. 
Garth was appointed to his present position, as private organist 
to the Right Hon. Sir Michael Shaw Stewart of Ardgowan. For 

* This sketch has been contributed by Mr. S. Kirkwood of Stanningley. 



R. MACHILL GARTH, F.E.I. ^ • 175 

this post there were many applicants, and these were submitted 
to a contest at the Edinburgh University, with Professor Sir 
Herbert Oakley, Composer Royal, Scotland, as adjudicator. In 
September, 1885, Mr. Garth was elected a Fellow of the Educa- 
tional Institute of Scotland, a society incorporated by Royal 
Charter in 1841. Mr. Garth was one of the selected organists 
who gave recitals on the grand organ at the Edinburgh Exhibition 
in 1886. He also wrote the Grand March for the Royal Review 
in 1 88 1. 

Mr. Garth has contributed many popular and pleasing com- 
positions to the musical literature of the country. His first 
composition, at the age of ten, was a set of waltzes, and at 
eighteen, he published a song, "The Heaving of the Lead," which 
is very popular in his native county. The work, however, to 
which we would desire more particularly to refer, is his oratorio, 
Ezekiel, in forty-three numbers, which has been lately completed, 
and which has occupied a year and a half to write. The Scottish 
Guardian, speaking of the first performance of this work, says: — 

The libretto of the oratorio was compiled by the Rev. C. R. Linton. Both 
subject and scheme are admirably adapted for effective musical illustration, and the 
united labours of Compiler and Composer have resulted in a work decidedly original 
in character, containing not a few striking passages, and abounding almost to excess 
in charming melodies. 

During the many years in which England was engaged in 
the great war, which ended at the ever memorable Field of 
Waterloo, it is somewhat interesting to learn that Pudsey 
contributed a fair contingent to those who bravely fought and 
bled in upholding the honour of their country on many a bloody 
field. 

George Loryman served in the 7th Royal Fusiliers, and 
was in 19 engagements, viz., Copenhagen (Denmark), Martinique 
(West Indies), Busaco and Burlado (Portugal), Albuhera, 
Aldcade Port, Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajoz, Fonta du Luy, Sala- 
manca, Mountela, Vittoria, Roncevalles, Pampeluna, Escurial, 
and Lauze (Spain), Orthes and Toulouse (France) and New 
Orleans (America). Had a medal with seven clasps, and had, 
the last few years of his life, a pension of /d. a day. Died at 
Pudsey, May 15th, i860, aged 75. 

James Gibson was in the 7th Royal Fusiliers, and w^as 
some time a Sergeant ; went through the Peninsular Campaign, 
and was at most of the engagements mentioned above. Had 
two medals with three clasps for Albuhera, Busaco, and Talavera. 
Had a pension of is. a day. Died at Pudsey, July 30th, 1864, 
aged 84. 



176 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Henry WilcOCK was in the militia from 1807 to 181 2, 
when he joined the Grenadier Guards. Went through Spain 
and Portugal with Wellington, was at the battles of Nive and 
Nivelle, and was slightly wounded at Waterloo. He was also 
one of those who were chosen from the guards as the best and 
steadiest men to form the Duke of Wellington's guard in Paris, 
in 1815. Was discharged in 1819, without a pension. In 1854 
had a pension of 6d. a day granted, which was increased to gd. 
sTfew months before his death. Died at Pudsey, February 26th, 
1862, aged 73. 

William Varley, born at Pudsey in 1793, was in the 2nd 
W.Y. Militia, from 1809 to 1812, when he joined and was made 
a Corporal in the renowned 33rd Regt. of Foot, the " Havercake 
Lads," as they were called in Yorkshire. Was in the following 
engagements : At Marksom, in Holland, the seige of Antwerp, 
the storming of Bergen op Zoom, and the three days at Waterloo, 
where he was slightly wounded on the third day ; was discharged 
in 1819, without a pension, Varley died September the nth, 
1872. 

William Glover, of Lowtown, born at Morley, was in the 
Militia from 1810 to 1811, when he entered the 36th Regt. of 
Foot ; was engaged in the Rolohas Valleys, at Rodrigo, Badajos, 
Salamanca, where he was wounded ; at Burgos, Vittoria, Pampe- 
luna, the Pyrenees, Orthes, Nive, Neville, Toulouse, and Laville. 
Had a medal with six clasps, and a pension of 9d. a day. 

John Boocock was in the 33rd Regt, and was killed at 
Bergen op Zoom, March loth, 18 14. 

Joshua Wheater was in the 33rd Regt., was wounded at 
Bergen op Zoom, and died from the effects, March 31st, 18 14. 





BIBLIOGRAPHY. 




HE following attempt at a bibliography of Pudsey 
literature, includes a list of books, pamphlets, ser- 
mons, essays, tracts, and articles written by natives 
or residents of the place ; also books written by 
strangers having reference to Pudsey, or its people. The 
list also includes books issued from the Pudsey press. 

Armstrong, James Leslie. Was for some time a schoolmaster in Pudsey, 
and edited a local paper called 

The Townsman, or Pudsey Literary Entertainer. David Scott, Pudsey. 
Fortnightly i|d. Only eight Nos. appeared. No. i, November 12th, 1842; 
No. 8, February 18, 1843. In No. 7 was commenced " The Maid of Fulneck ; 
or, the Affray of Ad Walton." A Tale of Yore. By the Editor. The tale was 
afterwards published in one volume, under the title of "The Heir of St. 
Emerald." Printed at Bradford : Woodhead. The story forms the subject of 
a long poem by Robert Carrick Wildon, of Tong, "The Forbidden Union," 
which, along with other poems, was published by subscription in 1850, and 
dedicated to Col. Tempest, of Tong. 

Scenes in Craven, in 1835. 136 pp. 

Beningborough Hall : a Yorkshire Tale. 

Beer, John T., F.S.A.S , F.R.S.L., of Threapland House, Pudsey. 
Miscellaneous Poems. Leeds, H. W. Walker, 1859, pp. 98. 
The Prodigal. A Dramatic Poem. London : Peter Dow, 1861. pp. iv., 134. 
Creation. A Poem. Leeds : B. W. Sharp, 1870. With Portrait of the Author. 

pp. viii. , 240 
The Prophet of Nineveh, A Dramatic Poem. Leeds, 1877, PP- xiii., 228. 

Published by subscription. List of subscribers, 12 pp. Price 4s. 6d. 
The Beauty and Significance of Diversity. Four papers in the Yorkshire 

Magazine, volume I, 1872. 
The Theory of Solar Absorption. Five papers in the Yorkshire Magazine, 

volume ii., 1873. 
Comets; also several Poems in Yorkshire Magazine, volumes i. and iii., 187 1-4. 

N 



178 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

BoYES, John. Born at Pudsey, 1829. 

Sunday .schools : the Rise and Progress of, in Pudsey and its vicinity, pp. 19. 
No date, about 1870. T. Stillings. 

Historical Sketch of Methodist New Connexion Chapel, Pudsey. 
Article in Mdhodist New Connexion Magazme, pp. 366-69, 1872. 
Edwards, John. Born at Fulneck, in 1772. Afterwards resided at Derby. 

All Saints' Church, Derby. A Poem in blank verse, 4to 1805. 

The Tour of the Dove -. or, a Visit to Dovedale. A Poem by John Edwards, 
Derby, 1 821. A second edition was published some years afterwards, without 
date, containing reviews of the first edition, " Recollections of Filey," etc. 
England, Rev. John, Minister and Tutor at Fulneck. 

The Human Element in God's Work. A Sermon. Crown Svo., 3d. 

The Salt of the Earth. Two Sermons. Crown 8vo., 3d. 
Hey, Rev. J ohn, D. D. Born at Pudsey in 1 734 ; was a Tutor of Sidney Sussex College, 

Cambridge, from 1 760 to 1779; Norrisian Professor of Divinity in that University 

from 1780 to 1795. 

Redemption. A Poem. Seaton's prize at the University, 1763, 410. is. 
London. 

Thoughts on the Athanasian Creed. Sermon preached at Stoney Stratford, 
at the visitation of the Archdeacon of Bucks., April 12, 1790. Svo. 

Lectures in Divinity. Delivered in the University of Cambridge, 1796-8. 4 
vols., 8vo., 2IS. A third edition of these Lectures was published in 1841, 
edited by Bishop Thomas Turton, of Ely, 2 vols., 8vo.* 

Seven Sermons, preached on several occasions, Svo. 

Discourses on the Malevolent Sentiments : Hatred, Misanthropy, Envy, 
Malice, and Resentment, 1801. Svo., pp. xx., 213. 

General Observations on the Writings of St. Paul. 181 i, 8vo., pp. ii., 143. 

Letters on Patronage. In the Ckuixhman's Mas^azine. 

A Fast Sermon, on Jeremiah, 47 Chap., Cambridge, 1775, Svo. 

A Sermon on Ephesians, iv. Chap., 28 verse. Cambridge, 1777, 4to. 

The Nature of Obsolete Ordinances. A sermon preached at the Assizes 
before the Honble. Sir Richard Aston, Knt., one of the Justices of the Court 
of Queen's Bench, on Wednesday, March loth, 1773. pp. 15, London, Svo. 

A Sermon Preached before the University of Cambridge, on Nov. 5th, 
1774, to which are added two others on the Nature of Malevolent Sentiments, 
preached before the same audience in the same year. Cambridge, 1774. 
IS., pp. 58. 

Substance of a Bill Respecting Parish Registers, as amended by the Com- 
mittee. Ordered by the House of Commons to be printed, 2istJune, iSii , 
with remarks by Jno. Hey, D. D., rector of Passenham, in the County of 
Northampton, and of Calverton, Bucks.+ Buckingham : 1812, pp. 50. 

Hey, William, F. R.S., an eminent surgeon, born at Pudsey in 1736; was twice 
Mayor of Leeds. Died, 23rd of March, 1819.J 

* These lectures are much esteemed for the various and extended learning, the profound thought, 
the copious and correct document, and the calm discussion for which they are distinguished. — 
Darling's Cyclopedia. 

t A short memoir of Dr. Tohn Hey appeared in the Literary Memoirs of Living Authors, 
published in 1798 ; in the GentlevtaiCs Mai^azine, iZic, • Dictionarv of Living Authors, published 
in iSi5 ; in Rose's Biographical Dictionary; in Taylor's Leeds Worthies ; also notices in 
Cvclofcedia Bibliogrnfhia, Lowndes' Bibbografher's Manual, etc., etc. Miniature portrait of Dr. 
Hey in possession of William Hey, Esq., of Gledhow. 

t The Lif« ot William Hey, Esq., F.R.S.. by John Pearson, was published in one large Svo 
volume, 1822, and a second edition in two vols, small Svo, in 1823. Both editions contain an excellent 
portrait of Mr. Hey, from a painting by Allen, and engraved by Scriven. For short memoirs of Mr. 
Hey, see Parson's History of Leeds; the Christian Observer for August, 1S22 ; Darlin&'s 
Cycloficedia Bibliograihia ; the appendix to Gortons Biografiiiical Dictionary; Eminent 
TVIhdical Men, published by the Religious Tract Society ; Mavhall's Annals of Leeds; Taylor's 
Leeds Worthies, etc. For his pedigree, etc., see Thoresbys Diicntus Leodiensis, and Whitakek's 
Loidis et Ehneie for portrait engraved by Holl, 4to. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY. 1/9 

Observations on the Blood. 1779. 8vo, is. 6d. 

Practical Observations on Surgery. 8vo, 1803, ids. A second edition was 
issued in 1810, 13s.; and a third edition in 1814. 

A Short Defence of the Divinity of Christ, and A Short Defence 
OF the Doctrine of the Atonement. Two pamphlets, published at 
Leeds in 1772, and republished, with other Essays from the Christian Obsemer, 
in one volume, 8vo, 1822, with the title, " Tracts and Essays, Moral and 
Theological, with Obituaries, etc., by the late William Hey, Esq., F. R.S."* 

Extra Uterine Fcetus. Aleatcal Observer and Inquirer, vol. iii,, p. 341. 1767. 

Account of a Rupture in the Bladder of a Pregnant Woman. Ibid, 
vol. iv., p. 58. 

Account of the Effects of Electricity in Amaurosis. Ibid, v., p. i. 
1778. 

On the Cure of Diseases of the Stomach, by Milk taken in small 
quantities at once. Ibid, vii., p. 319. 

An Account of Luminous Arches. Phil. Trans. 1790. vol. xvi., p. 627.'!- 

Hey Richard, LL.D. Born at Pudsey on the 22nd of August, 1745. Died Dec. 
7th, 1835. Was a F'ellow and 1 utor of Sidney Sussex College, and afterwards of 
Magdalene College, Cambridge, from 1782 to 1796.^ 
Dissertation on the Pernicious Effects of Gaming. Fifty Guineas 

Prize Essay. 1783. 
Dissertation on Duelling. Fifty Guineas Prize Essay. 1784. 
Dissertation on Suicide. Fifty Guineas Prize Essay. 1785. 

These three remarkable " Dissertations " were published in one volume, in 

1812, pp. xxi., 271. 6s. 
Observations on Civil Liberty, and the Principles of Government. 1776. 

8vo, pp. 70. IS. 
Happiness and Rights; an Answer to Paine's "Rights of Man." 1792. 

8vo. 3s. 
The Captive Monarch. A Tragedy. 1794. 8vo. is. 6d. 
Edington. a Novel. In two volumes, duodecimo. 1796. 6s. 
Some Principles of Civilisation, with Detached Thoughts on the Promotion 

of Christianity in British India. 1814. 8vo. 3s. 

Holmes, Rev. John B. Minister at Fulneck from 1824 to 1837. Died there 
September 3rd, i843.§ 
History of the Protestant Church of United Brethren. 2 vols. 2s. 6d. 

each. 
Historical Sketches of the Mission of the United Brethren. 1818. 
I vol. 2s. 6d. 

Jordan, Rev. John. Baptist Minister at Stanningley from 1834 to 1842. 

The Refutation ; or, Mr. John Farrer's Remarks in his Pamphlet entitled, 
" Correspondence between Mr. John Farrer and Mr. Jordan, of Pudsey, 
Proved to be False, by John Jordan." Wilson, Leeds. Pp. 16, No date. 

La Trobe, Christian Ignatius, of Fulneck. 
The History of the Missions of the United Brethren among the 
Indians in North America, in three parts, translated from the German. 8vo, 
1794- 

* Full list of the Tracts and Essays in Darling's Cyclopxdia; also in WAtts' Bibliotheca 
Britannica, vol. i., p. 493. 

t From Watts' Bibliotheca Britatmica, vol. i., p. 493, 1824 

% For notices of Dr. Richard Hey, see Literary Memoirs of Living Authors, 1798 ; 
Biographical Dictionary of Living Authors, 1816 ; the Leeds newspapers for December, 1835 ; 
Darling's Cyclopcedia Bibliographica ; Lowndes's Bibliographical Manual ; and Taylor's 
Leeds Worthies. 

§ A memorial of the Rev. J. B. Holmes was published in 1844. The introduction was written 
by James Montgomery. Memoir, pp. 1-71 ; Hymns, pp 82-143 i Funeral Sermon for George IV., 
preached at Fulneck, July isih, 1830, and other Sermons and Discourses pp. 144-304. 



l8o HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Lettkrs from the Rev. H. Hansel, giving an account of the Nicobar Islands, 

8vo, 1812. 
Journal of a Visit to South Africa, in 1815 and 1816, with some account of 

the Missionary Settlements of the United Brethren near the Cape of Good 

H. .pe. 4to. £z 2s. 
Lawson, Joseph, Horsforth. 
Progress in Pudsey during the last Sixty Years. BirdsaU, Stanningley, 

18S7. Reprinted from the Pudsey District Advertiser. Royal 8vo, pp. xiv, 136. 
Lincoln, Rev. W., Curate of Pudsey Church. 
Will Christ come Personally before the Millenium ? Two Sermons 

preached in Pudsey Church. 1852. 
Joseph and Jesus ; being an attempt to shed New Testament Light upon Old 

Testament History. By the Rev. W. Lincoln, A.K.C., Curate of Pudsey. 

Heaton, Leeds, 1853. 8vo, pp. xiv. 293. 
MiDDLEROOK, JoHN. Born at Pudsey in 1844. 

All's Fair in Love. A Tale. In Yorkshire Mngazine,\o\. i., pp. 124-128. 1872. 
The Weyver's Awn Comic Olmenac, for 1875-8, under the fi07n-de-p!ume oi 

Sammy Bruskett. 2d. 
The Pudsey and Stanningley News. Editor. Publisher, James Stillings. 

First No. published, 1873. 
The Voice of Spring. A Poem, in Country Words of the West Riding, vol. ii., 

p. 42. 187 1. Also printed in the Garland 0/ Poetry, by Yorkshire Authors, 

published by Abm. Holroyd, 1870, p. 70. 
Pudsey, Sir George. 

Three Speeches. 1684-5-7. Each folio. 
Ramftler, Rev. C. F. Minister at Fulneck, 1813. Died October 25th, 1832. 
The National Calamity Improved. A Sermon preached in reference to the 

interment of the Princess Charlotte of Wales, November 19th, 1817, at Ful- 
neck. E. Baines, Leeds, is. 
Rayner. Simeon. Bom at Pudsey, 1832. Died August 25th, 1886. 
History of Nonconformity in Pudsey. In the Congregational Register, 

W.R. Yorks. 1865. 
Folk-lore and Pudsey Worthies. Papers in Country Words of the West 

Riding, vol i , 1870. 
Yorkshire Village Life. Paper in Yorkshire Magazine, vol. ii., 1873. 
Yorkshire Skits and Local Sayings. Paper in Yorks. Mag., vol. iii., 1874. 
Rides and Rambles during my Holidays. In Pudsey Neivs, Oct., 1872. 
Pudsey Almanac. Edited six years, 1868-1874. T. Stillings. id. 
The History and Antiquities of Pudsey. Longmans, 1887. 8vo and 4to. 

Edited by William Smith, F.S.A.S., of Morley. 
Reichel, The Right Rev. Charles Parsons, Bishop of Meath, Ireland. Born 

at Fulneck, in 181 6. 
Sermons on the Lord's Prayer, and other subjects. 
The Nature and Offices of the Church. 
Lecturks on the Prayer Book. 

Sermons in Defence of the Faith. Norwich Cathedral Sermons. 
Praise and Prayer. 

The Trinity and the Athanasian Creed. 
Ryley, John. Born at Pudsey, in 1747. 

The Leeds Guide, giving a concise History of that rich and populous town, the 

circumjacent villages, and Kirkstall Abbey. Leeds: E. Baines, 1808. This 

work is now very scarce. 
The Leeds Corkespondent, a Literary, Mathematical, and Philosophical Mis- 
cellany. Leeds: J. Nicholls, 1815.* 

* For Memoir of Mr. Ryley, see page 163 ; also the Leeds Correspondent, vol. ii., pp. 97 and 
141 ; Pudsey Almatuxt for 1873 ; Taylor's Leeds Worthies; and Leeds In-elligeticeriox 1815. 



felBLIOGRAPHV. I8r 

Sewell, Edward, M.A. Born at Fulneck, 1820. 
Jubilee Cantata. In Commemoration of the Moravian Centenary Jubilee, 1855. 
This is Jehovah's Temple. A Dedicatory Anthem, composed and published in 

commemoration of the New Congregational Church, Pudsey, 1866. 
Notes on Pre-historic Britain. 
Geological Wanderings, 

SuTCLiFFE, Rev. Joseph, M.A. Born 1786. Died May 14th, 1856, aged 94 years. 
The Mutual Communion of Saints Exemplified. Second Edition. Trow- 
bridge, 1794, i2mo, pp. 74. 
Christian Liberty ; or, Considerations on the Propriety of Methodists having 

the Lord's Supper in their own Chapels. Bristol, 1795, i2mo., pp, 24, 
A Treatise on the Universal Spread of the Gospel, the Glorious Millenium, and 

the Second Coming of Christ. Doncaster, 1798, l2mo, pp. 24, 
A Check to Infidelity. Doncaster, 1798, i2mo, pp. 24. 
An Introduction to Christanity, for the use of Young People. New York, 

1801, i2mo, pp. 264. Leeds, 1808, i2mo, pp. 322, 
Sermons, from the French of Saurin. 8vo, 1805, 6s. 
The Exercise of the Christian Ministry, by the late J. F, Ostervald. 

Translated from the French, and illustrated with notes. York, 1804, i2mo, 

pp. 144. 
A Review of Methodism. A Discourse delivered on laying the Foundation 

Stone of New Street Chapel, York, 1805, i2mo, pp, 46, 
The Doctrines of Justification by Faith, etc. Four Sermons. Halifa.x, 

1806, 8vo, pp. 50. 
Albion Catechism, illustrating the Doctrines and Duties of the Christian r^eligion. 

1806, i2mo. 
The Experience OF the late Mrs. F, Pawson, with a Preface by J, Entwistle, 

London, 181 3, l2mo, pp. 114, 
The Divine Mission of the people called Methodists to revive and spread Religion. 

A sermon preached before the Macclesfield District Meeting. London, 1S14, 

8vo, pp. 56, 
A Grammar of the English Language. 1815, i2mo, pp. 257. Second 

Edition, 182 1, pp. 262. 
A Short Introduction to the Study of Geology, London, 181 7, 8vo, 

pp. 70, 
A Guide to the Lord's Supper. London, 1819, i2mo, pp. 23, 
A Refutation of prominent errors in the Wernerian System of Geology, and in 

the theories of other Writers. London, 1819, 8vo, pp. 34, 
Sermons on Regeneration, comprising a general view of the Ruin and Recovery 

of Man. London, 1820, 8vo, pp. 280. 
The (Geology of the Avon, being an Enquiry into the Order of the Strata, 

and Mineral Productions washed by its Streams. Bristol, 1822, 8vo, pp. 104. 
The English Cratylus ; or. Essays on Language, Grammar, and Composition. 

London, 1825, i2mo, pp. 263. 
A Defence of the Immortality of the Soul. London, 1829, 8vo, pp. 39, 
A Commentary on the Old and New Testaments, in which the Sacred Text 

is illustrated with copious notes, theological, historical, and critical ; with Im« 

provements and Reflections at the end of each Chapter. Two volumes. Lon- 
don, Imp. 8vo with portrait, 1834-5; 2nd Edition, 1838-9; 5th Edition, 1850; 

6th Edition, 1854,* 
Psalms and Hymns. Second Edition, improved. London, 1837. 32mo, pp. 186, 
A Course of Original Sermons, adapted to the present times. 1840, 8vo, 

pp, 262, 

* The text of our authorised translation is not given in this Commentary, which is equally- 
adapted for the family and the study, and embodies the results of the Author's labours for about forty 
years . . . Many valuable elucidations of difficult passages will be found in this work, which are 
passed over in larger commentaries. The reflections at the end of each chapter are characterised by 
simplicity of diction combined with earnest piety.- Horne's Bibl. Bib., p. 265. 



1 82 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Jehovah, the Christ : a Discourse on the Ancient Prophets looking out for 

Christ as the Consolation of Israel. London, 185 1, 8vo, pp. 16. 
Paternal Catechism of Religion, 8vo, 1847. 

SuTCLiFFE, Rev. Charles. Born at Pudsey. 

The Mes:.en^er, a Monthly Magazine. Edited by C. S- 2d. 
National Prayer and Praise, a Sermon. Crown 8vo. 2d. 
Wales, Rev. Elkanah, M.A., Minister at Pudsey. Died at Leeds, May lith, 1669. 
The Fall of Man, and his Recovery. 'J"wo vols., 4to, pp. 200, 234. 
Sermons at Public Fasts, 1625. 
Thanksgiving after yc Plague. 
Sermons at the Exercise at I-eedes, 1632. 
Sermons preached upon the Holy-day Lecture, at Leedes, 1636. 
Sermons upon Publick Occasions in ye late Times. 
Offlcinm Poitulat Benefichim : the Office and Maintenance of Ministers ; being the 

sum of Four Sermons on i Cor. ix. — xi. 
Mount Ebal Levelled, or Redemption from the Curse, by Elkanah Wales, 

M.A., preacher of the Gospel at Pudsey, in Yorkshire. London, printed by 

R. Trott, for Thomas Johnson, at the Golden Key, in St. Paul's Church Yard, 

1659. A second edition was published in 1823, to which was added a " Life 

of the Author," with a glance at the times in which he lived, etc, in an address' 

to the people of Pudsey, by Matthew Hutchinson, of London, who was a 

native of Pudsey. 8vo, pp. Ixxx. iv. 263. 
A Writ of Error, or a Friendly examination of a Question and the Resolution 

of it, deeply concerning marryed persons, or such as intend to marry. By E. W. 

York, 1654, 8vo. 
A Short Catechism, in Thirty-four Questions and Answers, designed for the 

Youngest sort of Catechumens. By Elkanah Wales, M.A., of London, 

1652, 8vo. 
MSS. There are several MSS. in the handwriting of Mr. Wales in the British 

Museum (Birch MS., No. 4,460) which have evidently been prepared for the 

press, but which have not been printed, viz. : — 
A Treatise on Proverbs xxviii., 1-14. 4to, pp. 64. 
The Whole Epistle to the Ephesians Opened. 3 vols., 4to. 
The Epistle to the Philippians Opened. 4to. 
Sermons on Psalms cxix. 410.* 

Walker, Joseph, Pudsey. 
The Pudsey Herald, and Record of Events, id. monthly. No. I, August, 1855, 

12 Nos. appeared. Was recommenced as a Weekly Paper, March 3rd, i860, 

44 Nos. appeared. 
The Pudsey Almanac. Editor — 1855, 8, 9, 60 and 1867. 
Night and Morning. Two poems, which appeared in the Garland of Poetry 

by Yorkshire Authors, 1873, pp. 179-180. 

Memoirs, Sermons, Essays, Reports, etc., by Various Authors. 

Memoir of W. Boyes, in Methodist New Connexion Magazine, March, 185 1, pp. 
139-141. 

. Memoir of Rev. James Sale of Pudsey. Calamys Nonconfoi mists' Memorial, 
vol. iii., pp. 440-1, 2nd edition. Also Parson's History of Leeds, vol. ii., 
p. 7, and Turner's Nonconformity in Idle, p. 16, 1876. 

Memoir of Rev. Thomas Laird, Independent Minister of Pudsey. In Evangelical 
Magazine, Jan. 1832, pp. 1-5. 

* For Memoir of Elkanah Wales, see pages 47-51 ; also Calamy's .Voiuoii/ormisi Memorial, 
vol. iii., p. 444, 2nd Edition ; Parson's History of Leeds, vol. ii., pp. 8-g ; Taylor's Leeds 
lyori/iies, p. 102; IVesleyaii Meth. Mag.,lS.o\., 1865, pp. 977-984. Copy of Elkanah Wales's Will, 
in Turner's Noncon/orinity in Idle, pp. 13-16; Acrostic and Epitaph on Elk. Wales, in Vorks. 
Mag-., vol. ii., pp. 47-48. Pudsey Almanac, 1873 ; N.and Q, 4 S X I., page 195, 1873. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY. 183. 

Memoir of Rev. William Colefax, Minister at Pudsey. In West Riding Con- 
gregational Reqis/er, 1872, pp. 106-109. Also, in Congrsgational \ ear Book, 

1873- 
Memoir of John Shaw, of Pudsey. Methodist New Connexion Magazine, February, 

1881, pp. 65-71. 
The Power of the Gospel. An Essay, by Mr. W. Colefax, read at the Annual 

Meeting of the Idle Academy, June 24th, 18 18. In Evangelical Magazine, 

May 1818, p. 443. 
The Ordination Service, of the Rev. Wm. Turner, at a meeting of Dissenting 

Ministers at Pudsey, on the 25th Sept., 1782. The whole service was printed 

and published by Johnson, of St. Paul's Churchyard, London, 1782. 
Report of the Pudsey Bible Association. Fifth, 1827. Rules, List of 

Officers, etc. Bradford, T. Inskersley, C^z^nVr Office, 1827, pp. 16. 
Rules and Catalogue. Pudsey Mechanics' Institution and Literary Society, 

Established 1847. Pudsey — T. Stillings, 20 pp. 
Floral and Horticultural Society. Annual Show and Prize List. 3rd 

Exhibition, 1859, pp. 8. 
Mr. Gladstone Annotated. Conservative Association for the Pudsey Division, 

Pudsey News office, pp. 8. 
The Expeditious and Legible Reporter; or, An Easy and Practical System 

of Short Hand. By James Glover, Accountant, Pudsey. Leeds— T.Harrison, 

1842. 
Centenary Jubilee. Celebration of the Jubilee of the Congregations of the 

United Brethren in Wyke, Mirfield, Gomersal, and Fulneck, April, 1855. 

Published by the Fulneck Jubilee Committee. London — W. Mallalieu and Co , 

8vo, pp. 105. 
Summer Rambles at Fulneck and Pudsey. Two Sketches, by John Lee, of 

Bradford. In the Leeds Mercury, May 19th and 26th, 1870. 
Historial Sketches of Pudsey, by William Cudworth. In the Bradford 

Obseiver, March 23rd and 30th, 1876. 
Historical Notice of Pudsey, by Edward Parsons. In the Histo'y of Leeds 

and Adjacent Towns, 1 834, pp. 2 10- 11 and 439. 
Historical Notice of Pudsey Church, by George Lawton. In Collections 

relating to Churches and Cliapels in the Dioceses of York and Ripon, 1842, 

p. 1x8. 
Historical Notice of Congregationalists in Pudsey, by F. G. Miall, 

In Congregationalism in Vo-kskire, i860, p. 118. 
Historical Sketch of the Independents at Pudsey. In Dissenters' 

Magazine for Yorkshire and Lancashiie, 1832, royal 8 vo. 
Ordnance Map. Calverley, Pudsey, Tong, Farnley, etc., being Sheet 217 of 

the Ordnance Map of England and Wales. Scale -—6 inches to statute mile. 

Surveyed in 1847 by Captain Tucker, R.E. ; Continued in 1852 by Captain 

Barlow, R E. ; Engraved in 1852, under the direction of Capt. W. Zolland and 

W. D. Gossett, R.E. at the Ordnance Map office, Southampton, and published 

by Lieut.-Col. Hall, R.E., Supt., Dec. 31st, 1852. ids. 6d. 
Block Plan of the Township of Pudsey, shewing the Roads, Bye-Roads, 

Streets, and Water-courses, 1875. Samuel Smith, Surveyor, Bradford, Eng. 

by S. O. Bailey. Size : 3 feet, 7 inches by 2 feet, 10 inches. Scale : 71 chains 

to I foot, ics- 
An Act for Enclosing Lands in Pudsey. 51 George III., Cap. 28th. 25th 

May, 1 811. London: Eyre and Strahan, 1811. 
Pudsey Parish Church Magazine. No. i, September, 1885. 
St. PauPs Pudsey, Parish Magazine. No. I, January, 1885. 



iS4 



HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



Tht Townsman, or Pudsey Literary Entertainer. No. i, November I2th, 1842. 

Last No., February i8th, 1843. D. Scott, Greenside. 
Pudsey Courani and General Advertiser. No. I, January, 1855, id. No. 15, 

March, 1856. J. and N. Halliday. 
Pudsey, Parsley, and Stanninglev Peporte}'. No. I, February, 1869. W. A.Clarke. 

Only two numbers published. 
Pudsey Advertiser. No. I, December, 1869. No. 14, July 21st, i860. Emsley, 

Greenside. 
Pudsey and Bramley Chronicle. No. i, March 14th, 1868, ^d. No. 34, Oct. 31st. 

Printed at Leeds. 
Pudsey and Stanningley Neios. No. I, 1872. T. Stillings, ^d. Friday. 
Pudsey and District Advertiser. No i, 18S5. J. W. Birdsall, Jd. Friday. 





FOLK-LORE AND SUPERSTITIONS. 



HE interesting study of folk-lore has, during the past 

Pfew years, amongst the antiquarian students of the 
north, received a good share of attention ; its revival 
has arisen from the fact, apparent to many, that the 
;uperstitions and practices and old sayings, so much 
^ mixed up with the every-day life of our venerable 
V ancestors, were fast fading away from remembrance : 
were fast giving way to the reasonable age ; and that now 
the time was really come when it was necessary to make haste 
to collect them before it was too late. 

We live in an age of improvements, in an age when inter- 
course is made so easy by the aid of telegraphs and newspapers, 
steam and educational institutes, that we are fast stripping off 
superstition for reason ; and when immigrations are constantly 
leading whole families from one district to another, and constantly 
breaking up the relics that have been preserved in such cases 
where those immigrations have been made from, it shows 
another reason for making good use of the time present. 

We have all a love for, if not the belief in, these " old wives' 
tales ;" we were nursed, suckled, taught, and married on these 
beliefs, and in due course transmit the same to our descendants 
too much not to have a reverence for them. 

So many of them can be separated from the really super- 
stitious that are worthy of mention too, that a collection is in 
many points instructive, and fancy can picture to us a reason 
why some old careful Matty of the past should, to prevent a 



1 86 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

waste of nature's productions, impress on her descendants that it 
was really wrong or unlucky to burn anything green or of use. 
Some the teachings of experience, expressed in a quaint manner 
not easily forgotten, on unnatural and therefore not seasonable 
things — for instance, "a green yule makes a fat kirk yard ;" 
against " bearded or whistling women," and so forth. We can 
and do believe that an unnatural season is productive of disease ; 
and have all an antipathy to bearded, masculine, or whistling 
women. 

By another flight of fancy we can call before us the advice 
of age to imprudent youth, suggesting, " That before you stir 
folks fires — that is, meddle with their business — know them seven 
years !" or the advice of age to careless youth, " Keep a thing 
seven years and it will be useful." 

There are so many of this instructive stamp that it is worth 
while the collecting of them. " It is really lucky to have money 
in your pocket when the cuckoo sings," and so it is at any time. 
This list of really useful proverbial expressions is great, and we 
do not wonder that in the works published, which are all far from 
complete, the authors should suggest to persons who can find 
interest in the subject that it is a duty of theirs to seek up, before 
it is too late, unrecorded morsels in their districts. 

It certainly has a tendency to excite our surprise to hear of 
some of the superstitions which existed in this district less than 
a-half century ago. It seems strange, and looks almost incredible 
to us, to hear how extensive was the belief in witches, wizards, 
and witchcraft, and the power of charms and certain strange and 
absurd ceremonies which were practised, by the fair sex in 
particular, in order to learn the secrets of the future, particularly 
those secrets which related to sweethearts and husbands. Did a 
young woman desire to know who should be her good lord in 
" the good time coming " (and no doubt this secret would like to 
be read even now-a-days), well, she must obtain the first egg laid 
by a pullet and boil it, but not a word must be spoken during 
the boiling or eating of it, else the spell would be broken ! 
During the boiling of it she must sit and look into the fire all 
the time, sitting on something which had never been sat on 
before, as, for instance : a candle-stick, a flat-iron, or astride a fire 
poker or cowlrake, or anything which the fertile imagination of 
a young lady could easily suggest. When boiled and eaten, she 
must then march off to bed without sound or speaking a word, 
then fall asleep, and sure enough she would dream of the man 
who was to be her sweetheart — so they said. However, should 



WITCHCRAFT. 187 

this ceremony fail of satisfying the spirits which have the secrets 
of the future in their keeping, she must obtain a peas-cod or 
" pea-swad," with nine peas in it, hang it up on the house door, 
and whoever came first in at the door, she must rest assured that 
her sweetheart would be of the same name. If this was not 
satisfactory, she must visit the nine wells at the " Hall-royd " 
(" royd," Saxon, an essart or ground cleared of wood), in the 
neighbourhood ; and there the fair lady must take her handker- 
chief and wash it in the nine wells, she would then see the gentle- 
man who would afterwards be her husband — so it was said. 
More might be added, such as " watching the porridge on St. 
Mark's eve," and " throwing over the pancake on Shrove Tues- 
day," customs which yet remain amongst us, and are practised 
now for fun. 

The belief in witches was very common amongst a large 
class of persons, and the fear of their power for evil showed itself 
in a variety of ways. For instance : if anything went wrong in 
their houses, their farms, or their work, they at once concluded 
that they were bewitched, nothing so certain, and something 
must be done, or else there was no telling where it would end, 
nor what the consequences would be. And the " wise-man," or 
" wise-woman " must be consulted, who, of course, must be paid 
just the same as we pay our medical adviser now-a-days ; and 
strange indeed are the stories one has often heard of the 
gullibility of their dupes. 

I once knew a cloth weaver who, when he was a young man, 
had been prevailed upon — on one occasion when he had a poor 
web, or chain, as they are called in some districts — to get a 
quantity of " wiggin " and put it over the loom in order to 
destroy the effect or power of the witches. " Wiggin " or 
" Sipsap," as it is now frequently called in some parts of York- 
shire, is the Mountain Ash, and was believed to be a certain 
preventative for witchcraft. Sometimes it was put over beds 
in which persons slept, to keep off the evil power of witches ; 
sometimes in stables over the horses and cattle, to prevent them 
from being witched, and frequently horse-shoes were nailed up 
behind doors in order to prevent them from being under witches' 
influence. I lately heard the following rhyme, which is rather 
appropriate : — 

There was an old woman at Baildon, 
Whose door had a horse-shoe nail'd on, 

Because on one night 

She had such a fright 
With a boggart that was horned and a tail'd un. 



1 88 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

I have seen a bed, which had been, I was informed, once 
marked all over the bed-head board with strange cabalistic signs, 
because those who slept in it could not rest at nights. They 
were troubled with night-mare, consequently they were believed 
to be bewitched, and these strange marks were to drive away the 
evil influence of the witches. A farmer in the neighbourhood 
had a calf which died ; it was at once settled out that it was 
bewitched, and that it must be burnt ; accordingly the carcase 
was burnt. Charms were also bought from the so-called " wise- 
man" and worn to protect the wearer from the power or influence 
of the witches. 

It is somewhat surprising to find in this, the nineteenth 
century, to what a large extent silly superstition prevails in the 
every-day life of a great mass of the people ; how it is mixed up 
in the common daily conversation. For instance, one has often 
heard " I wouldn't go on Friday, because it isn't lucky." If 
going on a journey, " Don't turn back, because there's no luck 
after it." Is there a leafy smut shaking on your fire-grate, then 
" it's a stranger about to visit you." Does a cinder fly out of the 
fire with a hollow side, then " it's a coffin for you." If a corpse 
retains a soft fleshy feeling until the funeral, then " there will be 
another death among the near relatives of the deceased before a 
long time elapses." Do you break a looking-glass, then " there 
is trouble in store for you." Have you heard the ticking of a 
spider, of course " it's the death watch ;" or the howling of a dog 
during the night, then " some one near you is going to die." I 
lately heard a person say, " They say he couldn't die easy 
because he was laid on a feather bed." Sometimes it is a feather 
pillow that is blamed. Sometimes old people will say, "You will 
never be able to raise that child, because it has a blue vein on its 
nose." Many persons will not give you a light during Christmas 
time, because it is unlucky to do so. If you have money in your 
pocket when you hear the cuckoo for the first time in a season, 
then " you will be lucky during the year." To spill salt is a sign 
of sorrow in store for you. To have crickets in your house is a 
lucky sign. I have heard of one family who gathered up all they 
could find (and they had a large lot of them) and took them with 
them when they removed from one house to another. If you 
bathe in the sea, be sure and bathe an odd number of times, and 
also duck yourself an odd number of times at each, if you don't 
it is unlucky. Has your child got a sore mouth, then try the 
following remedy, recommended by an old woman to a neigh- 
bour of mine. Obtain a live frog, and put it in the child's 



SUPERSTITIONS. 1 89 

mouth, and pull it out by the legs, and the child will be cured ; 
and not only that, but ever afterwards, any person who might be 
suffering from sore mouth will also be cured, if the child who had 
the frog put into its mouth should blow its breath into the 
mouth of the persons afflicted. If you have warts that you want 
to be rid of, try some of the following remedies, which I have 
lately heard are certain cures. " Sell them to a friend, and then 
wrap up the money received (be it only a penny or more) and 
hide it, not looking at it again, and you will soon lose your 
warts." So my informant, a woman, told me, and she had 
known it done, she said, and quite successfully too. Another 
remedy is — " Rub them with a piece of raw beef, and then bury 
the beef somewhere, and as the flesh decays, so will the warts 
die." If this is not tried, then "Tie a piece of silk round the 
warts, cutting off the ends of the silk after tying, wrap up the 
ends so cut off, and lose them, and you will so lose your warts 
and not know how or when." So my informant did (again a 
lady) and she lost her warts and nev^r knew how. One more 
remedy — " Rub them with a cinder and then throw it over 
your head, and whoever finds the cinder will get your warts." 
This reminds me of a practice we used to perform when I was a 
boy : when we found one of those hairy or downy caterpillars, 
found generally in hedge bottoms, and which we called " Tommy 
Tailyers," we used to throw them over our heads for luck. 

Among the schoolboys in the playground and at their games, 
there is a great belief in the effects of certain words and acts ; 
and here we find a great quantity of them are used constantly 
and regularly, as well as in the schoolroom. It is not to be 
wondered at that the imagination of a youth is so full of them, 
when tradition is ever keeping them green in his memory, and 
each lad faithfully transmits, unknowingly, his part to the fresh 
boys. In the schoolroom we find them going to receive a caning 
without fear, simply because, from the most remote ages of 
schoolboy life, there has been handed down this — " That if you 
wet your hand and put a hair across it," you will not only be 
without pain, but also have the consolation and joy of knowing 
that the cane will split ; it will split, if used enough, we daresay. 
Again, if possible, the master's cane is conveyed and dipped in 
urine, and returned to the master's desk to split all to pieces at 
the first stroke. But it is in the playground we must look for 
the greater part. Here we may hear the charm repeated — " A 
cross to loss, a ring to win ;" and looking round find two boys at 
play, with a third boy acting as helpmate to one of them ; his 



190 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

help consists of giving the above as the play is going on, using 
the first part, " a cross to loss," as a cry to take away the success 
of his friend's opponent, and the other to encourage his friend. 
Signs on the ground, illustrative of the expression, are made. 
This third boy, in some cases, does it for friendship's sake, but 
in most cases it is a paid work : either, in the words of the 
advertisement, by salary or commission. This boy will some- 
times keep the ground clear with his cap, and sometimes is con- 
sidered very lucky. In games of marbles the players have 
generally a lucky " ally " as " taw," and to take this away will be 
like taking the great Samson's locks — it will be nothing less than 
taking his strength. 

Should you run a race, to prevent a stitch in the side, you 
have only to take a small bunch of grass in your left hand while 
running ; and in bathing, to tie an eel skin round your leg, or 
the more common bit of band or garter, you will be free from 
cramp while bathing. A rainbow is made to disappear by 
crossing it out, or putting two straws across each other, and 
weighting the four ends with bits of coal ; this is a sure method, 
truly believed in by a schoolboy, and should it stay for a time 
after, when it does disappear it is from his charm. In rainy 
weather, the most effective means to bring fine weather is the 
repetition of the couplet — 

Rain, rain, go away ; 

Come agean at t'washing-day. 

When it snows they are killing geese in Scotland, and sending 
feathers here. To make a cockchafer spin and work for his 
liberty, pierce him with a pin ; and the juice of the dock-leaf, 
with a suitable accompaniment of words, eases the pain from the 
sting of the nettle. 

To tell if you like butter, a buttercup is held under your 
chin, and if there is shown the yellow reflection, you do like 
butter ; all are found to be fond of butter, and, like the fortune 
we have told by the straggling gipsy, the verdict is made always 
on the right side, that allows of no doubters. To prevent 
another lad from growing put your hand on his head while he is 
in a stooping posture or on the floor, and pass one of your legs 
over it ; and to catch a sparrow, there is the old story of putting 
salt on his tail. 

Then, on Easter Tuesday, was the " barring out," now 
almost extinct ; yet, in our recent recollection, it has been done 
in the immediate neighbourhood. Boys were masters on this 
day, the master was not barred out, but turned out, and the 



SUPERSTITIONS. 



191 



school-door locked in his face, and then ensued a destruction of 
benches and desks, and other appHances, If you take a robin's 
nest it is unlucky ; your sleep will be disturbed, you will be 
awakened by a tapping at the window, and of course it is the 
robin coming to pick out your eyes. To bind an exchange one 
asks, " Is grass green?" And on receiving an affirmative reply, 
will say, " No swaps (exchanges) back, wol thi muther's a queen." 
To remove doubt, another formula is necessary, and by showing 
a wet finger, and drying it over his head and re-showing it dry, 
while saying it, is a proof of the honesty of the doer, and is 
a clear remover of all doubts. 

Happily these things are now of the past, but, in some out 
of the way place, one sometimes hears of the remnants of these 
absurd delusions still lingering amongst the most ignorant of 
the population. 





LOCAL CUSTOMS AND AMUSEMENTS. 




jJIpf ANY of the simple and innocent customs which 

"^HJWr were incidental to the life of Pudsey a century or 

more ago, are now lost to us for ever, and in their 

stead we have a foretaste of the " fast life" of the 

larger towns. 

With regard to the festivals of the year and their 
observances, we shall only make brief references. Many 
of the customs attaching to saints' and other holidays in 
Pudsey were common to most of the villages in the manufac- 
turing districts of the West Riding, and have been described by 
other local historians.* 

Christmas and New Year's Day. — This season of the 
year was, above all others, given up to festivity. The Yule-log 
was burnt on Christmas Eve, the Christmas carol sung, and the 
"mummers" went from inn to inn, playing their fantastic "Peace 
Egg." On Christmas Day the brass band paraded the streets, 
and called at the residences of the local gentry, who regaled the 
members with genuine Christmas fare. The custom of sitting 
up on New Year's Eve till after midnight, to see the New Year 
make its advent, was observed by large numbers who did not 
attend the Watch-night services. " Letting in the New Year " 
was a custom of importance. A superstitious feeling was enter- 
tained as to the proper person to bring good luck to the house, 
and it was considered very unlucky if the visitor happened to 
have red hair. A household so visited might expect much 

* For descriptions of many of these ancient customs, see Smith's Morley : Ancient and 
Modern, pp. 1 19-150. 



VALENTINE DAY. 1 93 

trouble during the coming year. On New Year's Day morning 
the custom of asking for New Year's gifts was observed by the 
children of the place, and the evening was given up to games 
with pins, which had been received as gifts. 

Valentine Day. — This festival was duly honoured, but 
in a widely different manner to what it is at the present time. 
The post-office and printing-press did not lend their aid to any 
great extent in the transmission of the love-epistles of a century 
ago ; the " soft nothings " were not conveyed to the " fair sex " 
of Pudsey on scented cards^ elaborately and artistically designed ; 
but, on the contrary, the message was transcribed in a fair round- 
hand, and was a work of time to the unskilful penman, and when 
completed was carried by the lover to the residence of his 
inamorata, and slipped under the door in a somewhat hasty 
manner. Now-a-daj's, the factory and servant-girls of the place 
are the principal recipients of these missives, which are ofttimes 
of a very burlesque or insulting character. 

Shrovetide.— This season was a peculiarly happy one to 
the schoolboy and the apprentice ; for, after eleven o'clock in 
the forenoon, work for the day ceased, and merriment of various 
kinds was indulged in. "Collop Monday" was strictly observed, 
but at the present time " collops and eggs" are scarcely recognised 
as specialities of the day. The eating of pancakes on Shrove 
Tuesday is now about all that remains to us of this festival. 

April Fool's Day was made the occasion of much harm- 
less, and at times boisterous, pleasantry, for every one appeared 
to enjoy the delight of making as many fools as he could. 

May Day. — The observances connected with this day, as 
also of the 29th of May (Royal Oak Day), have all fallen into 
desuetude, and the decorations of the horses' heads upon the 
anniversary of the Restoration (1660) has become almost a thing 
of the past. 

Whit-Monday. — This festival has been kept with much 
enthusiasm during the last fifty years, and is a day looked for- 
ward to by the children connected with the Sunday schools with 
great delight. The new dresses, the singing, with instrumental 
accompaniments, the parading of the streets, and the subsequent 
tea, \yith a cake each to take home, made this day exceedingly 
popular. Now and again it would be a day of grievous dis- 
appointment, however, for the rain would persist in coming down 
just at the time when, in all the glory of new clothing, and with 
banners flying, the processions of happy school-children should 
have started on their way. The schools which took part in the 

O 



194 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Whitsuntide festivities of 1886 were — Parish Church (three 
schools), teachers and scholars, 778, conductor, Mr. John Parker ; 
Fulneck (two schools), 334, conductor, Mr. Geo. Baggaley; Con- 
gregationalists, 420, conductor, Mr. B. Dufton ; Upper Sunday 
School (U.M.F.C), 332, conductor, Mr. S. Gaunt ; Primitive 
Methodist, Lowtown, 367, conductor, Mr. C. M. Sheard ; Mount 
Zion, 256, conductor, Mr. Albert E. Webster ; Mount Tabor 
(U.M.F.C), 187, conductor, Mr. Wm. Eddison ; Roker Lane 
(P.M.), 100, conductor, Mr. Ramsden ; Baptists, Littlemoor, no, 
conductor, Mr. J. A. Hinchliffe ; Wesleyans, Church Lane, 400, 
conductor, Mr. Wright Wilson ; Wesleyans, Littlemoor, 250, 
conductor, Mr. Stables ; Lower S.S. (Free Church), 274, con- 
ductor, Mr. S. Rogers; Unitarians, 150, conductor, Mr. J. W. 
Varley ; Bethel, 134, conductor, Mr. S. W. Wilson ; Rickardshaw 
Lane (P.M.), 346, conductor, Mr. W. Cawson ; St. Paul's Church, 
230, conductor, Mr. Strickland; the number taking part in the 
festival making a total of over 4,000 scholars and teachers. 

PUDSEY Feast does not maintain the character for real 
or genuine hospitality which attached to this annual holiday in 
former days. The inhabitants now-a-days for the most part go 
to the seaside, and leave the " fun of the fair" to those who are 
sticklers for keeping up the good old customs. The feast, when 
held at Chapeltown, was a sight well worth seeing. Pitching the 
bar, wrestling, hunting the pig, sack, smock, and wheelbarrow 
races, were amongst the so-called amusements of our forefathers. 
Something of the din and confusion of these old-time feasts is 
with us yet, and the children and young people are still enter- 
tained with swings and roundabouts, shows and panoramas, fat 
women, and gambling-tables of many descriptions. Eating and 
drinking were formerly the principal indoor attractions of the 
feast-time, and beef, pickled cabbage, and home-brewed beer 
were the staple provisions of each household. Amongst the 
caterers for the patronage of the pleasure-seekers at the annual 
feast in former days was Tom Wild, a travelling actor, well- 
known in his profession throughout the North of England. Tom 
closed his career in the Market Place, Pudsey, in May, 1883, at 
the age of 70 years. " Wild's Show," or theatre, was a "house- 
hold word" in almost every town and village in Yorkshire in 
connection with village feasts thirty to forty years ago. 

Music, both vocal and instrumental, has been a conspicuous 
feature in the recreations of the Pudseyites for many generations. 
More than sixty years ago, the " Pudsey Old Reed Band " was 
a power in the village, and amusing stories might be told of both 



PUDSEY CHORAL UNION. 1 95 

performers and their performances, but we refer our readers, for 
fuller information, to a work recently published.* In 1876, 
the Old Band having ceased to exist, a Brass Band was estab- 
lished in Fartown. 

Fifty years ago Pudsey had its Choral Society, and gave 
oratorio performances and choral concerts, at which many 
eminent performers, vocal and instrumental, took part. Mrs. 
Sunderland, the " Yorkshire Queen of Song," made her first 
appearance as a vocalist in 1836, when sixteen years of age, at 
one of the Society's concerts. On April 27th, 1862, Mrs. Sunder- 
land made her last appearance at Pudsey in the " Messiah," when 
a splendid folio copy of Handel's immortal work, handsomely 
bound in morocco, was presented to this unequalled exponent 
of sacred song. 

When the Society ceased its operations, a new one was 
formed in 1877, under the name of the " Pudsey Choral Union," 
which has continued up to the present time. This excellent 
body of musicians has contributed greatly to the cultivation of 
good music amongst the inhabitants of Pudsey, and brought 
before the public in a most creditable and praiseworthy manner, 
music of the very highest class. 

Amongst the British manly sports and recreations, which 
were at one time supposed to do much towards the formation of 
the national character, giving strength, pluck, and endurance, or 
furnishing recreation and amusement, we find that Pudsey ap- 
propriated a considerable share. 

In the Leeds Merciiry of 1730, we find the following ad- 
vertisement, showing that Pudsey 160 years ago, had its race 
ground and conditions of racing : — 

On Wednesday the 7th (1730), will be run' for at Pudsey Upper Moor, a three 
pounds plate, by horses not exceeding fourteen hands high, the best of three heats, 
carrying nine stone, all under to be allowed weight for inches. As usual, to pay four 
shillings entrance, and to conform to articles. None to run for the said plate that 
ever won the value of eight pounds. The horses, etc. , for these races to be showed 
and entered at William Hutchinson's, at the Shoulder of Mutton aforesaid, upon 
Monday, between the hours of twelve and eight of the afternoon. N.B. — No less 
than three horses to start (and excepting any horse, mare, or gelding that is or ever 
was Mr. Parson's of Micklefield. If any such horse running shall have no benefit of 
Stakes). 

Many of the amusements of our forefathers were rude and 
barbarous ; as BULL-BAITING, which was very common during 
the past century. There were persons living not long ago who 
could remember the last bull-baiting, which took place in the 
croft, where the Fartown National School now stands. The 

* See Lawson's Progress in Pudsey, pp. 103-5. 



ig6 



HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



bull belonged to a man called " Jack Sheldon." He and several 
others who had taken an active part in the disgraceful sport were 
summoned before the magistrates and fined. This revolting 
sport, as formerly practised here, is thus described : — On the 
opening of this sublime amusement (?) the bull is fastened to a 
stake by a chain which extends about fifteen yards in length, and 
terminates in a very strong leather collarpassing round his neck,his 
horns being previously muffled at the points with a composition 
of tow, tallow, and melted pitch. The attack then commenced 
with dreadful noises of different kinds — bellowings, hootings, 
huzzaings, and all the discordant noises which human savagery 
could invent. Whatever could be brought to bear upon the 
poor animal to work it into a state of fury was used ; missiles 
were aimed at him in front, and he was punctured with sharp- 
pointed sticks, and irritated with repeated twists of the tail 
behind. The irritation being judged sufficient, a single bull-dog 
is just let loose upon the prey, and if he be found incapable of 
pinning him by the nose to the ground, he is soon assisted by a 
second, and even by a third ; and when these are tired or gored, 
other bull-dogs, howling and impatient of control, and let loose 
in their turn, till the poor exhausted captive faints beneath the 
protracted attack, and falls a victim to a sport as barbarous as 
ever disgraced the race of man."* 

Cock-fighting was another amusement which met with 
much favour amongst a certain class of society, but which need 
not here be described. 

The game of FOOTBALL was a favourite diversion in the 
days long gone by, but it was far different to the healthy game 

of football as played 
now, with their well- 
drawn rules for the 
guidance of the play- 
ers. The game as 
played now-a-days, 
would have t^een 
voted tame and in- 
sipid, and as only fit 
for children — not the 
manly gamein which 
many were maimed 
for life. Many are 
the stories which I 
Football in Pudsey, a.d. 1887. havc heard old men 




Holmes's HUtory of Keighley, p. 130. 



FOOTBALL AND CRICKET. 



197 



relate about this game — tales which forcibly showed the folly 
and recklessness of the young men of that day — the hairbreadth 
escapes, or the dangerous wounds which some received from 
their antagonists, the foolhardiness with which they entered into 
the contests which took place, when township was arrayed 
against township, and village against village, or the Lowtown 
against Fartown, Chapeltown, and Greenside. Great was the 
excitement created by the great set matches. The ball was 
generally " thrown down " in the field called " Greatrails," be- 
tween Chapeltown and Fartown. The Lowtown party had to 




Cricket in Pudsey, A.u, 1087. 



take the ball down Littlemoor to the beck, if they won the 
match, and the Fartown party had to take it to the beck below 
Smalewell. The game of football has been revived in Pudsey 
within the last few years, and a flourishing football club is in 
existence. The club was formed in 1881, with Dr. Farquhar as 
president, and a membership of sixty persons. 

The game of Cricket has been long practised in Pudsey, 
but was at one time played in a very primitive fashion, generally 
on the highway, or the village green. Bats, wickets, and leather 



I9S HISTORY OF rUDSEV. 

balls were then unknown ; a tub leg served as a bat, made 
smaller at one end for a handle, a wall cape, or some large stone 
set on end for a wicket, called a " hob," and a pot taw or some 
hard substance covered with band. They were all one-ball 
overs if double wicket was played ; no umpires, and often those 
who cheated the hardest won.* All this has been changed, and 
the game elevated into a science, and Pudsey has its cricket club.s, 
the St. Lawrence and the Britannia, both of which are regarded 
as formidable competitors by the clubs of neighbouring towns. 
In 1863 Pudsey received a visit from the All England Eleven, 
who played with 22 selected from the players of the townshij^ 
and the surrounding district. The match resulted in a victory 
for the All England party, though by only seven runs. In the 
following year the Eleven were defeated by 105 runs. 

Lawn Tennis has, at the present time, taken a promnent 
position as an out-door amusement more particularly for ladies. 
In 1884 the " Pudsey Lawn Tennis Club " was formed, with Mr, 
George Hinings as president, and a goodly number of members. 

The " HORNBLOWERS," once an institution in Pudsey, are 
now extinct. Formerly there was in Pudsey, almost within the 
memory of the " oldest inhabitant," an interesting custom in 
vogue, by which apprentices and the inhabitants generally were 
aroused from their slumbers by the shrill blasts of the " horn- 
blower," or trumpeter, whose duty it was to go through the 
village every morning during the week, at five o'clock, when the 
apprentices were obliged to arise and commence their work. 

The horn was also blown again at eight in the evening, 
when the apprentices ceased working for the day. The last horn- 
blower in this township was Richard Anderson, usually called 
" Old Dick Anderson." This quaint relic of bygone usages (when 
there were no mill-bells to arouse the people to their work) is 
still practised at Otley, where a trumpet is blown d la militaire, 
every morning, to arouse the mill-hands to their work. One 
night in May, i860, I was staying at Otley, when early in the 
morning I was awakened by the shrill rattle of the trumpet, and as 
I wondered what it meant, I could hear the trumpeter passing 
along the streets making the little town ring again. On making 
inquiry, I was informed what it meant. 

" Riding Weddings." — It was formerly a custom in this 
neighbourhood, for those parties who could afford it, to have 
what was termed " riding weddings," namely, for those who went 
to the marriage to ride on horse-back (sometimes two on a horse) 

* Lawson's 1^1 ogress itt Pudsey,^- 63. 



THE DUCKING STOOL. 



199 



to and from the Parish Church at Calverley, and on the return to 
gallop home helter-skelter, as hard as the horses could go, in 
order to be in first ; sometimes a silver cup was the prize for the 
first in. And it was also a custom, now happily gone out of date, 
to seek up a number of old shoes to pelt or throw at the parties as 
they rode along. When shoes could not be obtained, sods were 
used for the purpose, and what is somewhat singular these things 
were done in jest and good humour, not in anger or ill-will. It 
is probable that this custom may have originated in the belief 
which existed in former times " that to throw an old shoe after 
a person was considered lucky." This custom was sometimes 
called " trashing." I have heard of a person in Pudsey (named 
Greaves) who offered to give his children ;;^20 each, on their 
wedding day, if they would forego their " riding wedding," but 
they would not — no, not for the ;^20. !* 




The Ducking Stool. 

" Ducking Stool." — There is, or was a few years ago, a 
large pond, at the top of Tyersall-lane, known by the name of 
" ducking stool." There was, about 60 years ago, at this pond, 
a chair fastened to the end of a long pole, which worked on a 
pivot in order that the chair could be made to descend into the 
water by working the pole. This was the relic of an ancient 
custom for the punishment of scolds and brawling women, who 
were placed in the chair and ducked, to the edification of the 
bystanders. Sometimes this mode of punishment has been con- 
founded with the " cucking stool," which was in use as early as 
the time of Domesday Book, and also with the" tumbrell," which 
was used sometime after. In the " cucking stool " the culprit 
was placed before her own door, or in some other public place, 
for a certain time, and subjected to the jeers of the passers-by 

* See ScATCHERij'g History of Morhy, p. 195. 



200 



HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



and of the viciously inclined. On the " tunribrell," she, or he, was 
drawn round the town, seated on the chair, and this was sometimes 
so constructed as to be used for "ducking "as well, but the 
"ducking siooX" par excellence, was the one fixed, or moveable, 
but made specially for the purposes of immersion* 

" Riding the Stang," by the roughs, after a fight between 
husband and wife, was a custom formerly common in this locality, 
and has been carried out, within the last few years. A noinincv 
was generally said by the person who rode the stang or rail. If 
the wife had beat the husband, it commenced thus : — 




Riding the Stang. 

Ranty tan, tan, tan, 
You may hear by the sound of my frying pan 
That Mrs. has beat her good man.t 

The customs practised at FUNERALS were most objectionable, 
being the remnants of practices handed down from the dark ages. 
Ina description of a funeral in 1541, it is said, "The corpse was 
then buried, during which was sung the Te Deiun, and the whole 
was concluded with good eating and druiking." It was customary, 

*See the Reliqitarv, iS6i. James's History of Bradford, p. 293. Scatcherd's History 0/ 
Morley, p. 192, and Sjuth"s Mortey : Ancient and Modern, p. 45. 
t Scatcherd's Motley, p. 193. 



ANCIENT CUSTOMS. 



20 1 



during the last century, to have what was termed an " arvil." 
The persons attending the funeral were supplied with warm ale 
and cakes, or a sumptuous feast was prepared either at the house 
of the deceased or at a public-house near, as if the visitors were 
rejoicing at the demise of the deceased — a proceeding altogether 
unseemly on such a solemn occasion. In some country districts 
this feasting custom yet lingers. 

When we look around now, upon our town, what a change 
has come over the scene. Long chimneys and gigantic manu- 
factories have risen on every hand, giving employment at good 
wages to hundreds and in some instances, thousands of hands. 
The barbarities and degrading customs have, in a great measure, 
fled before the activity of business and the educational institutions 
which have sprung up in all our manufacturing villages through- 
out the country. The amusements are generally of a higher 
order, if we except the dog-racing and rabbit-coursing community, 
which, alas, is sadly too numerous. Sunday and day schools, 
mechanics' institutions, soirees, lectures, and musical entertain- 
ments, railway excursions, and holiday tours, cricket clubs, and 
other interesting and healthy out-door games, now all come in for 
a large share of patronage. There are now but very few who sigh 
for the " good old times " to which in this chapter I have alluded 
more particularly. 








SOCIAL CONDITION AND HABITS. 






T is not possible for us to faithfully portray the con- 

J - i^T ditions of actual living in Pudsey in the earlier 

,.]LcxU^ periods of its history, when there existed a vastly 

'"t^^^*^ different state of things to that which we find at 

irl'^ the present time. The want of roads, the primitive 

j^ conditions of the dwellings, and the domestic economy, 

'^ the struggles with nature to obtain a living from the 

^ ground, and the restricted privileges of schools, churches, 

and literature, with the unpolished manners of the people — all 

these drawbacks, as we reckon them — made the conditions of 

life very hard to our ancestors in the bygone centuries, and we 

might be led to infer that " life was not worth living " under such 

hardships, did we not remember how readily human nature can 

adapt itself to circumstances. 

That the conditions of life were hard, may be gathered 
from the following illustration of the domestic slavery existing in 
this district in the fourteenth century : — 

Thomas de Tiresall made fine with the lord of 6(1. chiefage, '^or license of 
having John, son of Roger Childeyounge, a bondman in his service up to the feast of 
St. Michael next ensuinge, so that he shall give back the aforesaide John to the 
bailiff at the time. * 

In the reign of Edw. III., 1352, the wages paid to hay- 
makers was id. per day ; a mower of meadows 5d. per acre, or 
5d. per day ; reapers of corn, without meat and drink, finding 
their own tools, 2d. to 3d. per day ; for thrashing a quarter 
wheat rye, 2^d. In 1361, of same reign, a chief master 

» From Bradford Ulanor Court Rolls. 'fi-»i/>. Edw. III. 



SOCIAL COKDITIOX OF THE TEOrLE. ^O^ 

carpenter or mason received 46. per day, and others 2d. or 3d., 
as they acquitted themselves. In the reign of Richard II., [389, 
the wages of a baihff of husbandry was 13s. 4d. per y^ar, and 
clothing once a year ; the master hind was paid los. a year ; the 
carter, los. ; and the shepherd, los. From this time up to the 
year 1445, in Henry VI. reign, the price of labour was fixed by 
the justices by proclamation, viz. : freemasons and carpenters, 
4d. per day — without meat or drink, 5j^d. per day ; reapers and 
carters, 5d. per day, without meat or drink. In 1758 labourers 
received lod. per day. 

The homes of the poor were scarcely more than mere 
hovels, and it was not until the eighteenth century that any 
great improvement took place. For many generations there 
could be seen, around these dwellings of our ancestors, the 
moorland, unreclaimed by the plough or the spade, and fine 
woods where the towering trees grew thick as a forest. We can 
well understand that the labourers of those days were poor and 
ignorant, but it is certain that out of this apparently crude and 
unproductive period, and from these unlettered ancestors of 
ours, the present prosperous condition of Pudse)^ had its rise. 
Our forefathers laid the foundation of the manufacture, which 
is now the staple trade of the place, and from which the 
wealth, which has its evidences on every side, has been 
realised. 

In 1736, the v/ages of a weaver were only 8d. a day, 
and for this sum he had to work fifteen hours. The price of 
provisions was much less than at the present time, but through 
nearly the whole of the eighteenth century, beef and mutton 
were from 3d. to 3^d. per lb. ; cheese and butter from 3d. 
to 4d., and sugar, 6d. ; while tea and coffee were luxuries un- 
known to Pudsey folks of the poorer class. Clothing of all 
sorts was very dear, and boots and shoes were equally 
expensive. The fashions in dress, and the quality of the food 
of our forefathers, were of the plainest description. In the 
beginning of the present century their food consisted of very 
poor fare — such as porridge, bacon, salt beef, and havercake 
{/laver, Scandinavian for oats), now called oatcake ; in fact, so 
largely was this wholesome article of food used, that a regiment 
of soldiers (the 33rd), raised principally in Yorkshire, was called 
the " Havercake Lads." Wheat bread was but seldom seen in 
many households ; it was considered a rare treat to be favoured 
with it once a week, viz., on Sundays. When a pig was killed it 
was usual for a goodly portion of it to be distributed amongst 



204 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

the friends or kinsfolk. The villagers, having but few sweets or 
luxuries, such as is common in this age of refinement, grew up 
hale, hearty, and strong ; they thought little of walking forty or 
fifty miles a day. 

The dress of the men of Pudsey, at the time of which we 
are writing, very often consisted of coarse grey hose, leather 
breeches, drab vest and coat, gay-coloured neckerchief, beaver 
hat, and often a striped woolsey apron, and once " rigged out " it 
would do almost for a generation. The dress of the fairer sex 
rarely rose above a gay-coloured print, the plainest of a cottage 
or coal-scuttle bonnet, and a plain or fancy shawl. 

We cannot forego the temptation to say one word to the 
workman of Pudsey with reference to his present condition. If 
he has regular work at present, he should be far better off than 
the working man of a century ago, with his 8s. or los. a week, 
and bread occasionally at famine prices, as in 1800, and again in 
1820, when the best corn was from 20s. to 22s. per bushel. 
There was, occasionally, an increase of wages in bad times, but 
not in proportion to the cost of bread. At such seasons, the 
most sober and industrious workman had much " planning " to 
be able to pay for necessary food and house rent, but even in the 
hardest of times, we have heard of instances where men have 
struggled on through all difficulties, in order to be able to pride 
themselves upon never having received a penny from the parish. 
The poor who had to receive parish relief were but indifferently 
treated, as we are told by one writer, who says : — " At the 
poor-house in Pudsey, not more than fifty years ago, I have 
seen large black bowls filled with oatmeal porridge and milk, 
and a big podgy person who figured as master, filling black 
earthen mugs with a ladle, and the poor, miserably-clad old 
people, hobbling away with their meal to their room, which 
was not very tidy or over clean. But I suppose it was thought 
good enough for the aged and infirm poor." 

Coming down to recent times, we find that Pudsey, in the 
early years of the present century, had a somewhat unenviable 
reputation ; its inhabitants were considered rude, intractable, 
and scarcely amenable to the common laws regulating order 
and courtesy. The very name of the place furnished amuse- 
ment for many a long year, and anything belonging to it 
was thought fair game for sport. That both the place and 
its people had their peculiarities it would be idle to deny. 
The place was not picturesque enough for those who were 
partial to order and regularity in the architecture and 




^ 



CO 



NESBIT HALL. 205 

environments of the homes of the people. A writer, in 1829, 
thus expresses himself: — 

Pudsey, one of the most populous villages in the West Riding, is finely situated 
on an eminence, but the irregularity of its buildings detracts greatly from its natural 
beauty. The inhabitants do not appear to pride themselves in the beauty of their 
village, or to rival each other in the exterior decorations of their several dwellings ; 
but, on the contrary, they try to excel each other in industry and frugality, and seem 
more anxious to acquire riches than ostentatiously to display them. The manufacture 
of woollen cloths is carried on here to a greater extent than any other village in 
England.* 

This neglect of the beautiful, in the homes of the people, 
might be attributed to many causes. There were no schools 
in existence at that time where the taste for the beautiful was 
cultivated, and the people had hard work to encounter in 
order to provide things honest, and keep the wolf from the 
door. True, the number of small freeholders in the place was 
at that time a noticeable feature, and these favourites of 
fortune manifested a strong feeling of independence, which 
may have had something to do with the indifference to 
external surroundings which they manifested. 

When the cloth manufacture began to develop itself, houses 
of a roomy, if not of a very substantial character, were built, 
generally of stone. In these houses the small manufacturers, 
who were also in many cases farmers, lived, and carried on the 
domestic manufacture of cloth. The farm buildings (outhouses) 
were inconvenient erections, sometimes covered with thatch, but 
oftener with grey slates. 

Of the better class of houses built in the sixteenth, seven- 
teenth, and eighteenth centuries, and occupied at that time by 
the yeomanry of the village, we have several good examples left 
to us. One of these is 

Nesbit Hall. — On the sunny side of the township, 
nestling under the hill, and protected from the north and east 
winds by fair-sized sycamores and beeches, stands a quaint old 
mansion, Nesbit Hall (or Nisbet Hall). Standing near the old 
iron entrance-gates, the first sight of the place gives one a feeling 
that there is something unusual about it. From papers still in 
possession of Mrs. James Clayton, it appears that in 171 2, a John 
Holdsworth, of Pudsey, yeoman, and Dorothy, his wife, lived 
here, in the " Bank-house," and then sold it, and sixteen closes, 
to John Darnbrough, of Tong, who died 1741, leaving his son 
John in possession. Darnbrough, junior, parted with the 
property, in 1755, to Richard Farrer, of Pudsey, who then 

* PieoTT AND Co.'s Directory o/ the U'est Riding, pub. 1829. p. 1045. 



206 HISTORY OK PUDSEY. 

resided here; and he in 1760 sold it to Claud Nisbet, merchant, of 
the city of London, who built the present hall on the site of the old 
" Bank-house," and had the graceful monogram of " C. & J. N., 
1 76 1," cast in the conductors, with his crest on each socket 
below. His will is dated this year, and Claud Nisbet, the elder 
of two sons, enters into possession; but "soon afterwards 
departed this life," where or how was never known, though some 
old neighbours will have it, that if the lower cellars are inspected, 
he will be found there. In 1811, it was sold to John Clayton, 
by auction, on the condition that, if ever C. N. turned up, he 
should be reinstated. The Claytons were of some standing in 
the district, were lords of the manor of Yeadon, and earlier on, 
were stewards of the Calverley estate of the Thornhills, living in 
the house next the church there. Two generations lived here, 
finally leaving in 1866, since which date the place has had several 
short occupiers, until 1885, when it was bought by Mr. John 
Cliff, late of Wortley, and Lambeth, London, who now lives 
there, takes a great interest in keeping up the old place, and in 
learning anything of its history and architecture.* The house 
gradually ceased to be styled " Bank House " after Nisbet's pur- 
chasing, and now, Nisbet is changed to Nesbit. It was designed 
by the same architect as Fulneck (some ten years later) and the 
house on Scotthill ; and the similarity in the windows, mould- 
ings, etc., fully bears out the tradition. The old malt-kiln shown 
in the ordnance map was built for Christopher Scott (his son-in- 
law), of Wortle}', maltster, by John Darnbrough, senior, and was 
finally sold by the late Mr. James Clayton as old material. In 
the grounds is an old doorway, of very much older date than the 
present house, and it is believed to be the front doorway of the 
old "Bank" house. The views over the Tong estate from this 
" bank " are very beautiful. 

Mr, W, Wheater, in writing of the old houses in Pudsey, 
tells us that 

In the Heights stands one of those fine old yeoman-mansions that tell us that 
when King James the Sapient conquered England and ascended its throne, theytomen 
of I'udsey were a solid antl tliriving race. In the low broad windows of those houses, 
with their heavy stone muUions and light surmounting labels, their peaked roofs and 
deep splayed doorways, their cosy rooms, and wide e.\panding fire-places, we have 
the best type^ of English past-baronial grandeur. In Pudsey there are some six or seven 
such houses — the foremost perhaps being that on Greentop, which Mr. Rayner told 
me was dedicated to liberty of conscience in the troublous days of " the man Charles 
Stuart," when these Pudsey men ranged themselves bodily on the side of manhood, 
and afterwards told their children how 

" We trampled on the throng of the haughty and the strong 
Who sat in the high places and slew the saints of God." 

* Mr. Cliff gives the accompanying photograph of the Hall to this book. 



-^ 





J>^.sc^/Q 






WKST MOUSE. 207 

Notwithstanding the awful fact that 

"The man of blood was there, with his long emerced hair, 
And Astley, and Sir Marmadulve, and Rupert of the Rhine." 
They are sacred, these old houses, to the political liberties and moral grandeur of 
England. They are the abiding testimony of what manner of men they were who 
smote with the sword of the Lord and of Gideon. Burghers and freemen they, as the 
domestic character of their houses still indicates — no time-servers, no menial 
sycophants, no aspirants for baronial distinction, no dwellers in castles, or sham 
things having the similitude thereof; but plain men, substantial, capable of endurance, 
self-willed and self-respecting, much endowed mentally, and resolute in the good. To 
them the apostle's exhortation, " Fight the good fight," was not a meaningless waste 
of words ; it was a soul- wracking command. Under the roof of his friend Sales, in 
this very mansion at Greentop, that fiery Puritan, Elkanah Wales, was wont to preach 
to his brother parishioners ; and he preached in no courtly tones ; he advocated no 
maudlin theclogy ; he had taken up his cross and started to follow the liod-man, 
whom our Saxon forefathers called the Healer, He who justified His own life upon 
Calvary. Such men are born to win ; ye may destroy them in the flesh, but in the 
spirit they are immortal. "^I'hey it was who prepared the men who rode through 
Charles's ranks at Marston Moor, and shattered his duplicity at Worcester ; it was 
their children in the wilds of the New World who taught England that prayerfulness 
was stronger than kingcraft, and that freedom was more powerful than bayonets. Let 
Pudsey point with undying pride to these burgher-mansions, and may the spirit of 
the wild Vikings, whose children founded them, never depart therefrom. 

West House, the property and residence of Mr. James 
Banks, is a fair specimen of the class of residences which spring 
up as a result of commercial prosperity. It is of modern date, 
and has all the appearances of substantiality, comfort, and 
adaptability to the domestic requirements of the successful 
manufacturer, Mr. Banks has occupied a prominent position in 
Pudsey for many years, having served in the offices of church- 
warden and guardian of the poor with great ability, and to the 
entire satisfaction of his fellow-townsmen. He has also held other 
public offices, and in many ways has rendered praiseworthy 
services to his native town. Mr. Banks is a Conservative in 
politics, and .a member of the Established Church. 

At Troydale there is an old farmhouse, upon which is a double cross or stone, 
denoting that the site on which it stands formerly belonged to the Knights of 
Jerusalem, afterwards called Knights of Malta. This Order had considerable pos- 
sessions granted to them by pious admirers in the thirteenth century, and the lessees 
of their lands had many curious privileges granted to them. Proof of wills was one 
of the prerogatives enjoyed by the Order, and this right was exercised within their 
minors of Cros'ey, Bingley, and Pudsey, so late as 1795 The wills are kept by Mr. 
Ferrand, at St. Ives, Bingley, whose family were impropriate rectors.* 

Grove House, in Chapeltown, with its tastefully laid out 
grounds, and many excellent conveniences, is a good specimen 
of the domestic architecture of last century. This was at one 
time the residence of John Farrer, Esq., a justice of the peace, 
who was of some importance in his day, as appears by the part 
he took in town's affairs, and what is of still greater importance, the 

* Cudworth's Round about Bradford, p. 499. 



208 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

lively and unceasing interest he took in the training of young men. 
Mr. Farrer is the first magistrate we hear of as connected with 
Pudsey, but at that time justice was not dispensed in the village 
itself, for there was no court house ; the police station had not 
shown itself, and the blue-coated police officer had not then began 
his patrol of the streets and highways. There was a poor house, 
at the back of which was the prison where the refractories were 




John Farrer, J. P. 

locked up until the constables could escort them to the New Inn 
at Bradford, or the then noted " Catherine Slack," where justices 
used to sit and hear cases belonging to the township. 

On the death of Mr. Farrer, the Rev. W. L. Howarth suc- 
ceeded to the possession of Grove House, at which place he 
resided alternately with his Leeds residence. In 1868, Mr. 
Howarth qualified as a West Riding magistrate, and sat in 



GROVE HOUSE. ■ 209 

Petty Sessions at Bradford. He was a distant relative of the 
Rev. W. Howarth, who was for fifty years incumbent of i\ll 
Saints' Chapel, He was educated at Fulneck, Doncaster, and 
Leeds Grammar Schools, and graduated at Magdalene College, 
Cambridge. He was ordained to the curacy of St. Lawrence's 
Church, Fudsey, which office he held for seven years. In 1865 he 
married Mary, daughter of the late Mr. Thomas Banks, and sister 
to Mr. James Banks, of Pudsey. As a reader and elocutionist, 
Mr. Howarth, it is said, " was not surpassed by anyone in the 
district, and his sermons were generally sound and eloquent." 
Mr. Howarth died at his Leeds residence, Elmwood House, on 
the 14th day of December, 1877, aged 58 years. 

In 1878 Grove House came into the possession of Mr. 
William Dibb Scales, a gentleman whose life, though it contains 
no adventures or events of an exciting nature, serves to show 
how high and worthy a position may be attained by steady per- 
severance, plodding industry, and honourable dealings. During 
the last forty years, Mr. Scales has been one of the most promi- 
nent public men in Pudsey, and has taken a large share in 
furthering its growth and development. He has during that 
long period taken a deep interest in all public matters tending 
to the welfare and well-being of his fellow-townsmen. He was 
elected first chairman of the Local Board, having previously 
served in many public offices connected with the township. He 
has been identified with every benevolent and Christian move- 
ment, and a large-hearted well-wisher and contributor to every 
good cause. His life has been marked by great thoroughness, 
transparency, and firmness of character, and having now retired 
from business, he has ample opportunity for usefulness, and also 
the willingness to avail him.self of it. In religion Mr. Scales is 
connected with the Wesleyan body, and in politics is an advanced 
Liberal. 

As to the people who lived in Pudsey in bygone days, they 
were a strong-minded race, and not to be " put on." Adopting 
their own expression, they would " fight like tigers " for an 
opinion, and it is said of them, that " politics, friendship, and 
kinship go for nothing in a question of doubtful policy." Re- 
finement of manners was not then a characteristic of the people, 
but other sterling qualities made amends for the roughness 
and uncouthness of their speech and actions. An amusing de- 
scription of an encounter with a Pudsey youth is given by the 
late Dr. Winter Hamilton, of Leeds.* He says : — 

* From Ntig<e Literarice, pub. 184T, p. 292. 



210 HISTORY OF' PUDSEV. 

A week had scarcely elapsed since my arrival i in Leeds), before I determined 
on an excursion to the Aloravian settlement at Fulneck. Ignorant of the way, I 
accosted a lad who was breaking stones by the side of the road, in a very common 
but unmeaning manner — " Where does this road go to ?" With a proud contempt on 
his face, at what he perceived to be a southern tone and an equally foolish question, 
he, half with the air of the churl, and half that of the rogue, exclaimed : " Go ! 
no where ; I have knawn it for more than ten years, and it never sturred yet." A 
little out of countenance, if none out of temper, I still urged my desire for information. 
" Whither shall I get if I drive along this road?" "To Pudsey, sure; follow thy 
nose, and aw's plain as a pikestaff." Thinks I to myself, — if such be the cub, what 
must they be who have whelped him ? If such be the eaglet, little more than callow 
and new ejected frcwn the eyrie, what is the region of his sires? A precipitate retreat 
seemed alike prudent and inevitable from scenes with which I had so small an affinity ; 
and those sharp spirits which peopled it, for which I was so poor a match. 

If, howevei", the people were unpolished, a considerable 
number of them were frugal and industrious, and although they 
might never forget their mother tongue when addressing a 
stranger, yet they were hospitable and generous to those who 
had any claim upon their kindness. They were earnest and con- 
scientious, independent and strictly honest, and though they 
might appear, on a first acquaintance, rough and hard to a 
stranger, under this apparent coarseness there was no lack of 
kindly feeling. A recent writer, in a notice of Ossett, says : — 

It has long taken rank in popular estimation v.ith Pudsey, and similar places, 
where artificial refinement of manners has not been deemed a characteristic, but where, 
at the same time, sterling good qualities have been combined with a hard and plodding 
industry.* 

Judging from what we can learn of our ancestors and their 
ways, we are led to the conclusion that what they lacked was 
education and more refined conversation, for they had mother 
wit enough to be able to hold their own with strangers. 

That the simple diet, frugal living, and naturally healthy 
surroundings were conducive to long life, is abundantly testified 
by the many instances of longevity, of which we give the follow- 
ing list, extracted from registers : — 

1672 Old Dame Lobley, aged 99 years, buried September 19th. 

1696 James Thornton, aged 102 years. 

1778 Richard Anderson, sen., aged 93, buried in the Old Chapel, Dec. 9th. 

1779 Mrs Margaret Marshall, widow, of Black Hey, aged 96, buried March ist. 

1779 Elizabeth, widow of Dan Farrer, Owlcoats, bur. at Calverley, March l8th, 

aged 105. 

1780 John Hinchliffe, buried March I2th, aged 92. 

1780 Frances, widow of Samuel Ilinchlifie, sen., buried Nov. 19th, aged 95. 

1782 Mary Routh, of Pudsey, bur. at Calverley, aged 93. 

1 784 Sarah, widow of James Fenton, buried Oct. 2nd, aged 99 years. 

1785 Elizabeth, widow of John Grave, buried March 19th, aged 90. 

1 790 Sarah, widow of Rich. Anderson, buried January loth, aged 93. 
1790 Mary, widow of Wm. Kershaw, buried Dec. 28th, aged 96. 

" Banks's IVal/cs in Yorkshire, published 1S71, p. 485. 



LONGEVITY. 211 

1793 Elizabeth, widow of Joseph Binns, buried Jany. 7th, aged 90. 

1794 Joseph Wilson, buried January 6th, aged 90. 

1794 Martha Fenton, alias Pearson, buried Dec. 26th, aged 99. 

1799 Joseph Turner, late of Jumble's Well, buried Jany. 8th, aged 99. 

1802 George Hainsworth, a Chelsea pensioner, buried Jany. 27th, aged 89. 

1805 Joseph Holliday, buried Sept. 27th, aged 91. 

1810 Mary, widow of Boocock, of Lowtown, buried Sept. 7lh, aged 98. 

1810 Jane, widow of Richard Farrer, buried Dec. 22nd, aged 99. 

1810 Aaron Ackroyd, buried Nov. i8th, aged 92. 

1812 Mr. Joseph Drake, late Chapel Clark (Old Chapel), and Schoolmaster, buried 

Sept. 29th, aged 87. 

1814 Edward Hinchhffe, aged 91. 

1816 Mrs. Susannah Holdsworth, aged 95. She was mother, grandmother, and 

great-grandmother to upwards of 100 persons. 

1801 Joshua Gaunt, of Pudsey, bur. at Calverley, January 21st, aged 92. 

1807 Mary Hodgson, of Owlcoats, bur. at Calverley, May 31st, aged 91. 

1810 Betty Armistead, bur. at Independent Chapel, Sep. 15th, aged 91. 

1829 George Poole, Esq., of the Height, Pudsey, aged 99. 

1831 Ellen, widow of Joseph Northrop, of Lowtown, bur. June l8th, aged 93. 

1839 Mrs. Susannah Holmes, aged 92 years, died July 9th. 

1840 Robert Bywater, of Chapeltown, Pudsey, died Nov. 8th, aged 91. 

1841 Mrs. Farrer, mother of the late John Farrer, Esq., J. P., died March 17th, 

aged 90. 

1841 Mrs. Elizabeth Haste, died August I7th^ aged 90. 

1842 Jeremiah Watson, sexton. Independent Chapel, aged 92. 

1844 Mary, widow of Mr. Thomas Walker, aged 89. 

1845 Samuel Ingham, in his 90th year, died Feby. 19th. 

1847 Nancy, widow of Samuel Farrer, died Oct. 13th, aged 89. 

1855 Benjamin Farrer, in his 92nd year, died August 29th. 

1857 Hannah, relict of Jeremiah Watson, died Jan. 15th, aged 93. 

1857 Hannah, wife of John Barraclough, died March 12th, aged 93. 

1859 Tobias Farrer, of Lowtown, died Dec. 31st, aged 92. 

1861 Mrs. Ann Schofield, died July 20th, aged 92, leaving behind her 5 children, 
35 grand-children, 61 great grand-cliildren, and seven great great grand- 
children — total, 108. 

1863 Matthew Ingham, farmer, died May 9th, aged 91. 

1874 Mrs. Sarah Banks, Chapeltown, died Oct. 26th, aged 93. 

1874 Joseph Roberts, died 8th of December, aged 90 years. 

1876 Mary, relict of old Jim Berry, died Oct. iSth, aged 94. 

1876 Joseph Webster, in his 95th year, born at Morley, died June 22nd. 

1879 Mrs. McCollah, died June 5th, aged 90 years. 

1880 Hannah, widow of James Waterhouse, died Dec. 2Sth, aged 93. 

1882 Sarah, widow of late Joseph Varley, Lowtown, died May, 18, aged 92. 

1884 Eleanor, widow of Joseph Roberts, died Dec. 27, aged <)T). 

1885 Joseph Appleby Bateson, died March i8th, aged 94. 

1885 Elizabeth, widow of Wm. Lupton, died May 27th, aged 93. 

1885 Martha Smith, buried May 29th, aged 92. 

1885 Thomas Johnson, died October 8th, aged 89. 

1886 Hannah, widow of John Walton, died January i6th, aged 90. 

Pudsey like many of its neighbours, had a somewliat 
unenviable reputation in bygone days, in the matter of drunken- 
ness. Fighting too, was not uncommon, a century ago, more 
especially at holiday and feast times. The former vice led to the 
latter, and it was not at all a rare sight, to see men stripped to 
the waist, fighting for a great length of time, until one of the 



Hi HISTORY OF PUDSEV. 

combatants was completely beaten. Dog battles were a favourite 
form of amusement, as also, cock-fighting, game cocks being 
trained to fight with steel heels put on. That much allowance 
needs to be made for the indulgence in these coarse amusements, 
we do not deny. The drinking habits of the people were the 
outcome of the customs of centuries, and especially of the old- 
time modes of " treating," and giving drink as part of wages. 
From the middle of the last century until a comparatively recent 
period, the drinking customs of society have kept their sway over 
each successive generation of our people ; but efforts have been 
made, from time to time, to check the evil, and in 1833 the first 
"Temperance Society" in Pudsey was formed, and for a time 
did much for the moral and intellectual advancement of the 
village, but, having relaxed its efforts, the society was re-modelled 
in 1853, when the crusade against intemperance was carried on 
with much vigour and persistency, and with a considerable amount 
of success. 

In 1880, the " Pudsey and District Band of Hope Union" 
was formed, with Mr. Matthew Walker as president, and in 
1883, the membership numbered 1,000, whilst in 1886, there 
were sixteen Bands of Hope connected with the Union, having 
a membership of 2,801, 716 of whom were over twenty-one 
years of age. 

Other agencies for the improvement of the condition of the 
inhabitants, and for the more rational enjoyment of their leisure, 
were started from time to time. In 1857, the " Early Closing 
Association" was formed, with the Rev. H. J. Graham as president. 
The scheme came into operation on Sep. 14th, and the hours of 
closing were, for the first four days of the week, at 8 o'clock ; 
Friday, 9 o'clock ; and Saturday at 1 1 o'clock. The number of 
members was 60. A half-holiday on Wednesday afternoon in 
each week, has now been in operation for some years. 

In 1857, the" Pudsey Floral and Horticultural Society "was 
instituted, and held its first exhibition on the 28th day of 
September, when a large and respectable collection of plants, etc., 
was shown, and the undertaking was a pecuniary success. Mr. 
H. C. Smith was the first president. For many years the society 
enjoyed a career of great usefulness, having induced amongst the 
resident cottagers a spirit of emulation and pride, and their little 
garden plots began to occupy the leisure time, which was pre- 
viously used unprofitably, if not perniciously. Much of the 
success of the society was due to the exertions of Mr. Smith, Mr. 
George Hinings, and Mr. E. Sewell, the secretary. 



FRIENDLY SOCIETIES. 213 

The number of Friendly Societies in Pudsey is very large, 
there being between thirty and forty lodges or clubs, having an 
aggregate membership of nearly 3,000 persons. In addition to 
these, the amounts paid into the building societies of Leeds and 
Bradford represent a large sum. The various orders of Odd- 
fellows, Foresters, Rechabites, and similar societies, cannot in 
Pudsey date their origin earlier than the year 1823, but since 
that year they have increased rapidly, and have become so 
popular that there are few working men who do not belong to 
some one or other of them. Judging from the number of 
members, one would be led to conclude that a very large 
portion of the working classes in Pudsey are men of provi- 
dent habits, who make provision in case of sickness or casualties, 
so as to place themselves independent of the workhouse or 
parish relief. 

During the last twenty-five years, Pudsey has borne a 
conspicuous part in furthering the co-operative movement. The 
Leeds Industrial Co-operative Society first commenced business 
here in i860, the first year's turnover amounting to ;^2,923, and 
the profit to ;^53. In 1871, the foundation stone of a large new 
store was laid at Pudsey, an eligible site having been secured at 
the junction of Manor Street with the main road at the top of 
Lowtown. The building comprises spacious shops, in which are 
carried on the grocery and drapery trades. There are also two 
dwelling houses, and, over the whole, a large room for the use of 
the committee and shareholders at their meetings. The erection 
is in the Italian style of architecture, from designs by Messrs. 
Wilson and Bailey, architects, of Leeds. The foundation stone 
was laid by Mr. William Bell, president of the Leeds Society. 
The number of members connected with the branch of the Leeds 
Society is about 300, and the amount of their purchases in con- 
nection with the store at Lowtown for year ending December, 
1886, was i^io,i 1 1 i6s. 5d., and the profit realised thereon, ;;^93o. 
The total amount of business done at the store from its com- 
mencement in i860, to December, 1886, is iS^i 84,857, and the 
total profit, ^12,725. 

In addition to this store, the Society has a branch at Green- 
side, Pudsey, which was commenced in 1874, and another at 
Littlemoor, commenced in 1879. 

The whole Society, the operations of which cover a large 
area, numbered at the end of 1886, 23,985 members, with an 
annual turnover amounting to £481,220, with a net profit of 
^54,737, having a share capital of £251,235. 




iB!«!|iSiiBil!Pll»i|«|' I -"' 



CO-OPERATION IN PUDSEY. 21 5 

In 1 87 1, the first Co-operative Mill in Pudsey was started, 
under the title of the " Pudsey Worsted Mill Company, Limited." 
The first stone of the mill was laid by one of the directors, Mr. 
James Newell, on the 14th day of July, in the presence of a large 
assembly, when an address on the advantages of co-operation 
was delivered by Mr. Bell, of Leeds. The cost of the erection 
was upwards of £6,000, and it was built from designs by Mr. 
John Haton, of Pudsey. Nearly 2,000 shares at £2 each were 
taken up, principally by working men. The site of the mill is 
near to the Greenside Station of the branch railway from 
Stanningley. 

The means of communication, in Pudsey itself, as well as 
with other towns was, until a comparatively recent period, of a 
very unsatisfactory kind. The roads were of the most primitive 
character, chiefly footpaths, leading from one part of the village 
to another, and to the markets at Leeds and Bradford. No 
macadamising, no paving, no draining, no side walks worthy of 
the name, and the roads generally both dangerous and difficult 
to travel. On dark nights, lanterns, pattens, and sticks, were 
indispensable to avoid accidents, and ensure a measure of safety 
in plodding along the knife-edged footpaths, and almost im- 
passable streets. Since the formation of the Local Board, a 
great improvement has been effected in the management of the 
highways, and Pudsey, in this respect, will compare favourably 
with neighbouring towns. 

For a quarter of a century Pudsey was dependent upon 
Stanningley for its railway accommodation, and it was not until 
1870, that steps were taken to remedy this great inconvenience, 
arising from Stanningley Station being too distant to meet the 
growing requirements of a populous manufacturing town like 
Pudsey. A local committee was formed to wait upon the 
directors of the London and North- Western Railway Company, 
with the view of inducing them to continue their line from Lower 
Wortley and Farnley to Bradford, via Pudsey. The deputation 
went to Euston Station, met the directors, and stated their case. 
After due consideration, the Company came to the conclusion 
that on account of the difficulties of crossing the Tong Valley, 
and obtaining a station in Bradford, they could not accede to 
the application. The Committee subsequently went, on the 
same errand, to the head-quarters of the Lancashire and York- 
shire Railway Company, at Manchester. Their application was 
favourably received, and instructions were given that the district 
should be surveyed. This was being done, when, in 1871, the 



2l6 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Great Northern Railway Company obtained powers in Parlia- 
ment to construct a railway to Pudsey, branching from their 
Leeds and Bradford line. Negotiations were commenced with 
some thirty-two owners of property, and the line was marked 
out. 

The ceremony of cutting the first sod took place on March 
24, 1875, in a field near to Priestley Mills. Mr. John Butler 
turned the first sod ; Joseph Elsworth and Joseph Emsley, two 
old inhabitants of Pudsey, also taking part. 

The railway is two and a quarter miles long. Commencing 
behind the station at Stanningley, a line of rails is laid alongside 
the main line for a distance of some 600 yards in the direction of 
Bramley. The line then breaks off to the right, and is joined by 
a fork from Bramley, near Dyeholes Well, in a field opposite the 
Priestley Mills, which stand a little to the left of the line. This 
fork is 850 yards long. It leaves the main line about 150 yards 
on the down side of Bramley Station, and joins the Stanningley 
fork at a point 1,000 yards from Stanningley Station. The line 
from the Bramley end to some distance above the junction, runs 
on a heavy embankment. The Stanningley fork leaves the main 
line in a cutting 100 yards long, and then the level is raised 
until the junction is reached. The railway from this junction 
follows the direction of the Bramley fork, sweeping gradually to 
the left until it reaches Pudsey main street, a little above the 
Allanbrig Mill. In order to bring the line underneath the road, 
a cutting had to be made 730 yards long, and 32ft. in its deepest 
part, extending from a short distance above the fork to about 
100 yards on the other side of the road, where Lowtown Station 
is erected. The site of the station is on the lower side of the 
line. The land purchased by the Company at this place for 
station purposes — some four or five acres in extent — comprises 
a portion of the field in which for many years the Pudsey feasts 
were held, and where, in times gone by, the lovers of bull-baiting 
used to witness their favourite sport. The cutting is through 
shale and a hard " bastard " rock, and the work was mainly 
carried on by means of blasting. After leaving the station, the 
line curves considerably to the right, and passing to the left of 
Crawshaw Mill is carried underneath Robin Lane, opposite 
Crawshaw House. Radcliffe Lane is crossed in a similar 
manner, near its junction with Robin Lane. The line then 
passes through a number of fields between Chapeltown and the 
top of Fartown, until its terminus is reached in a piece of vacant 
ground near Cliffe Mill, Greenside, 



RAILWAY ACCOMMODATION. 217 

There are several substantial bridges on the railway, among 
which may be mentioned that carrying the line over Swinnow 
Lane, another (a three-arch bridge) over Boggard Lane, near the 
Allanbrig Mill reservoir ; a third supporting the main street ; an 
arched way under the line at Hammerton Fields ; and two iron- 
girder bridges which carry Robin and Radcliffe Lanes. The 
Main Street bridge is 68ft. long and 43ft. wide, and consists of 
an iron-girder span, 26ft. across, supported by two massive stone 
abutments. The height is 15 ft. from the level of the rails. 
There is only one line of rails, but the bridges have been 
constructed so as to carry a double line, and the Company have 
also purchased the land necessary for that purpose. 

The total rise from the Bramley Junction to Greenside is 
nearly 149ft., so that somewhat heavy gradients predominate. 
The steepest ascents are 1 in 50, and the easiest i in 108. 
Messrs. N. B. Fogg and Co., railway contractors, Liverpool, 
constructed the line. Mr. John Fraser, C.E., Leeds, was the 
chief engineer ; and Mr, Charles Robinson, C.E., Leeds, the 
resident engineer. Mr. John Butler, of the Stanningley Iron- 
works, supplied the ironwork for the bridges, and the stone was 
procured from the Park Spring Quarries, near Bramley. The 
cost of the line was i^ 103,000. It was opened for passenger 
traffic on the ist of April, 1878, amidst much enthusiasm on the 
part of the townspeople. From early morn to late at night the 
famous Pudsey bells rang out merry peals, while the Pudsey 
band paraded the streets during a great portion of the day. 
There was no recognised holiday, except so far as Saint Mon- 
day is recognised, but the aggregate result of the day's working 
would probably show that machinery might as well have been 
allowed a rest. As might be expected, the inclination to take a 
ride on the first day of opening was irresistible, if only that so 
extraordinary an event might be handed down to posterity ; 
but apart from that, the delights of a railway ride might, to 
not a few natives, have been a real pleasure, for it is affirmed 
that scores spent most of their time in riding backwards and 
forwards throughout the day. However that may be, it was 
found at the close of the day that 450 single tickets, and over 
400 returns, had been issued between Pudsey and Stanningley 
Stations, and nearly 500 tickets giving transmission from 
Stanningley to Pudsey. 



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LITERARY AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS. 




HOUGH we may be a long way from being in educa- 
tional matters what we ought to be, yet we can stand 
the test when compared with most other places. We 
can speak with confidence of the provision made in 
Pudsey for educating the young during the last 
century, as being equal, if not superior, to that of many 
other villages in the district. An educational census has 
not been taken by the Government since 185 1, but at 
that time the general returns proved that there was one day 
scholar for every 8^ of the population in England, while in 
Pudsey there were at that time 28 schools, with 1,454 scholars, 
or one in every eight of the population ; and there were only 1 16 
scholars absent on the day when the census was taken. Adding 
the scholars in attendance at the Mechanics' Institute and other 
kindred societies, there was one in every seven receiving instruc- 
tion in Pudsey. From returns collected privately in 1858, similar 
results were obtained. 

The old Town's School at Littlemoor was probably rebuilt 
about the beginning of the century. Over the door there is an 
inscription stating that 

This school was repaired by the town in the year of Our Lord 1814. W. Stone, 
W. Greaves, Overseers ; G. Beaumont, J. Drake, chapel-wardens. 

Some of the schools in existence fifty years ago, or more, were of 
a superior class to village schools generally, as, for instance, the 
Fulneck Boarding Schools, established in 1753, where the branches 
of learning taught included Latin and Greek, modern languages, 
geometry, and other branches of mathematics, drawing, painting. 



SCHOOL BOARD. 



219 



etc. ; the Commercial School, Fulneck, established about 1770, 
where the higher branches of education were taught. A school 
at Fartown was established in 1845, and education was given 
here to the factory workers, and the branches of learning taught 
included " Holy Scripture and Catechism, reading, writing, 
arithmetic, geography, grammar, dictation, and the science of 
common things." The " Pudsey Schools " were established in 
1843, and the education given was of a high character, whilst at 
the Training School, Greenside, started in 1853, the education 
included mensuration, geometry, algebra, mapping, and drawing. 
In 1855, Pudsey, in addition to the public schools already men- 
tioned, had fifteen private schools, with 500 scholars. 

When Mr. Forster's Education measure became law, there 
was no attempt in Pudsey for several years to take advantage of 
the proffered boon, until, in 1874, the Education Department 
sent a notice to the town's authorities, requesting them to supply 
the school deficiency which had been found to exist. Nothing 
was done, however, until a second and final notice was received 
from the Department, calling attention to the deficiency of 
school accommodation existing in the township, and requiring 
that steps be taken during the next six months to supply the 
deficiency. If, at the end of that time, steps had not been taken 
to supply the necessary accommodation, then the compulsory 
powers of the Education Act w^ould be used to supply the 
deficiency. Accompanying the notice were schedules, the first 
showing the accommodation then existing, as follows : — Fulneck 
Infant School, 155; Fartown National, 190; Lowtown 
National, 228 ; Congregational, Greenside, 270 ; Primitive 
Methodist, Rickardshaw, 192 ; total, 1,035. I" this schedule no 
account was taken of the private adventure schools, of which 
there were several. Schedule 2 gave the amount and description 
of accommodation required : — Littlemoor, 200 ; Lowtown, 500 ; 
Marsh, 200; Tyersal, 300; Stanningley 250, including 120 
children from the township of Calverley-with-Farsley. 

In December, 1874, preparations for the election of a School 
Board were commenced, to consist of seven members. Eight 
gentlemen were proposed, but one of them withdrew, and thus a 
contest was avoided. The first Board consisted of the following 
persons : — Messrs. James Banks, William Maude, Samuel Wade, 
George Hinings, J. G. Mills, Robert Dalby, and James Brook, 
At the first meeting of the Board, held on January 28th, 1875, 
Mr. George Hinings was elected chairman, and Mr. Robert 
Palby, vice-chairman, with Mr. James Brook as clerk^r^ tevi. 



220 



HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



The first work of the Board was to make provision for 
sufficient school accommodation. After taking a census of the 
children in the district, and making other full and exhaustive 
inquiries respecting educational requirements, it was decided to 
build new schools at Rickardshaw Lane and Laisterdyke — the 
former to accommodate 600 children, at a cost for site, building, 
and fittings, of ^^"6,700 ; the latter to accommodate 450 children, 
at a cost of £/[,'joo. The latter has since been incorporated in 
the borough of Bradford. While these schools were being built, 
the Greenside and Crimbles Schools were taken under the 
Board's management. These were followed by the Lowtown 
National and the Primrose Hill Schools. 

Three new schools have been built by the l^oard since its 
formation, at a cost of £i/\.,200. At none of the five elections of 
the Board has there been a contest, and Mr. George Hinings 
ably filled the office of (Chairman of the Board during the 
existence of the first four Boards, declining at the last election 
to act in that capacity, on account of advancing age and 
infirmity. The following gentlemen have filled the post of vice- 
chairman : — Messrs. R. Dalby, James Banks, Simeon Rayner, 
and D. Moseley. The present members of the Board are : — 
Messrs. James Stillings (chairman), D. Moseley (vice-chairman), 
George Hinings, J. E. Jones, and Revs. R. B. Thompson, M. C. 
Bickersteth, and D. A. Henderson. Mr. G. Haynes is clerk to 
the Board, also superintendent and inspector of schools ; and 
Mr. S. Lobley is the school attendance officer. The staff con- 
sists of 13 teachers, 10 assistants, and 37 pupil teachers and 
candidates ; total, 60. 

The following is a list of the schools, with the accommoda- 
tion provided and numbers on the registers : — 



Name. 


Accommodation. 


No. on Registers. 


Rickardshaw Lane 


Three Departments 


600 


653 


Greenside 


Mixed and Infants 


400 


334 


Chapeltown 


Junior Mixed 


280 


208 


Crimbles 


Girls and Infants... 


300 


240 


Primrose Hill 


Mixed 


200 


173 


Lowtown 


Boys 


200 


140 


Stanningley 


Infants 


180 


90 


Littlemoor 


Infants 


200 


no 


Waterloo 


Infants 


200 


80 






2,560 


2,028 





FIRST CHAIR fvlAN OF TMf: pnpSf:Y ^";CHOOL BOARD 



SCHOOL BOARt). 



22t 



The following table will indicate the progress of the schools 
since the formation of the Board : — 



Year. 


School Fees Received. 


Government Grants. 


1876 


^ 79 3 2 




1877 


246 II 3 


^180 7 


1S78 


526 10 5 


402 8 


1879 


599 II 10 


687 


18S0 


775 15 II 


794 5 II 


1 88 1 


853 4 3 


969 7 5 


1882 


823 10 2 


1,045 17 7 


18S3 


765 10 I 


976 15 8 


1884 


846 II 6 


1,015 12 5 


1885 


865 18 9 


9-4 II 


1S86 


881 9 II 


1,277 13 6 



In 1885, the date of examination of some of the schools 
was altered, throwing some of the grants into the following year. 

In 1882, the Laisterdyke School, with 400 children, was 
transferred to the Bradford School Board. 

It will thus be seen that, except by the loss of the school at 
Laisterdyke, progress has been continuous. Notwithstanding 
this, there are now 2,028 children on the registers of the schools. 
The whole work of the Board has been accomplished at a cost 
to the ratepayers on the average of less than sixpence in the 
pound. The educational results in the schools improve from 
year to year, and according to the testimony of the late Head 
Inspector, the advance at Pudsey is more marked than in any 
other part of the Northern district. Regularity in attendance, 
though still defective, is also improving. 

The rise and progress of the Sunday School movement in 
Pudsey is an interesting feature in the history of the place, and 
for the brief account of it we give here, we are indebted to an 
excellent pamphlet, published about sixteen years ago.* The 
first attempt made to commence a Sunday School on the 
voluntary system, took place in the year 1807, a year memorable 
for the abolition of the slave trade. The originator of the move- 
ment in Pudsey was a working man, who was too poor to build 
a school or defray the rent of a separate building, but he was 
determined to do something, and he therefore commenced a 
Sunday School in his own house, in Driver's Fold, Fartown. To 
William Boyes belongs the distinguished honour of introducing 

* Hisio>y of the Rise and Progress of Sunday Schools in Pudsey and its vicinity, by 
John Boves. 



22i HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

into his native town the inestimable boon of Sunday Schools. 
After a while this school became too large for the accommodation 
that could be offered by a dwelling-house, and it was conse- 
quently removed by general consent to the Town's School, 
Littlemoor, where it was for some years conducted. In the 
course of time, as other schools began to be opened in connection 
with the various places of worship, this school became 
appropriated by the church-people as their school. During the 
time this school was held at Littlemoor, the late Abraham 
Hainsworth took an active part in its management, and Mrs. 
Ratcliffe (sister to the first Dr. Hey), also entered warmly into 
the work of teaching. After being held for a number of years 
in the Littlemoor School, it was removed when the Ratcliffe Lane 
School was built. 

About the same time that a Sunday School was begun in 
Fartown, another Sunday School was commenced in the house 
of John Sugden, who then lived in a cottage adjoining the site on 
which Allanbrig Mill was subsequently erected. This John 
Sugden is supposed to have been a cotton weaver at the time, 
and very likely had several looms in the house. At all events, 
one loom was pulled down every Saturday night, to make room 
for the scholars on the succeeding day ; and as there were more 
children than the benches could accommodate, the younger part 
had to sit on the floor. This school rapidly increased in 
numbers, so that shortly after, as we are informed, John Sugden 
sold one of his looms, in order that he might make provision for 
the Sunday School. 

The next Sunday School commenced in Pudsey was the 
Moravian School, Fulneck, which was established in 1813, and 
has been continued without interruption to the present time. 
One of the most active persons in connection with this school in 
its early years was the late Joshua Sutcliffe, sen. 

Zion School (Methodist New Connexion) was begun about 
the year 18 19, in a chamber at the lower part of Fartown. When 
the chapel was erected in 1825, the school was removed also, and 
continued to be held in the chapel until the year 1840, when it 
was removed to a large chamber behind the chapel. It was held 
in that room until the erection of the present school-room, in the 
year 1853. 

The next Sunday School formed in Pudsey was the Upper 
School, Lowtown, in the year 1826, and was carried on in this 
upper room for twenty-six years, until the present new school 
was built in the year 1853. This large and commodious edifice 



Mechanics* institution. 223 

was erected for the two-fold purpose of a Sunday School and to 
accommodate public meetings on subjects of general importance. 
The Littlemoor Wesleyan was formed more than 40 years 
ago, and after a successful career in that locality has been re- 
moved into a new school underneath their handsome new chapel. 
The Gibraltar Wesleyan School was also formed nearly 40 
years ago, and was first held in an old chamber belonging to the 
Gibraltar Mill, and was afterwards removed to the chapel, 
erected in the year 1840, at Waterloo. 

The Primitive Methodist School, Lowtown, Pudsey, was 
commenced in the year 1839, the year when their chapel was 
opened, and is now held in the commodious school adjoining the 
chapel. 

The Wesleyan Association commenced a school in Low- 
town in the year 1850, which has been continued up to the 
present time, and is now a part of the Sunday School Union, 
under the name of the United Methodist Free Church. 

Sixty years ago there were five Sunday Schools in Pudsey, 
and at the present time the number has increased to 22. A 
Sunday School Union was established in 1868, and is still in 
existence as the " Pudsey and District Sunday School Union." 
It comprises 17 schools, with 360 male and 280 female teachers 
— total 640. Scholars: males, 1,555 ; females, 1,779; total, 
3,364. Teachers who have been scholars, 633 ; number of classes 
in the schools, 244 ; scholars in select classes, 827 ; in infant 
classes, 610. Number of volumes in the libraries, 4,000. 

In addition to the Day and Sunday Schools, other agencies 
for the spread of education have been in existence in the town- 
ship, and some of these have exerted a very marked influence 
for good on the inhabitants generally. 

The Pudsey Mechanics' Institution was founded in 
the year 1847, by a few young men who were desirous of 
improving their leisure time. One or two rooms were first taken 
at Greenside, the members then numbering less than twenty. In 
a very short period the Institute was removed to a room opposite 
the New Inn, Church Lane, occupied for some time, we believe, 
in the day time by the late Mr. Colefax, as a day-school. While 
located here rules and regulations were formed, and the number 
of members increased to thirty, but yet the place met with little 
public recognition and support, until in December, 1847, a 
determined effort was made by the members to bring their 
Institution more prominently before the notice of the public. 
Accordingly an exhibition was got up, which remained open for 



r 



i 




t'udsey iMecnanics' Instuul 



mechanics' institution. 225 

a month, at a low charge for admission, and this had the effect 
of attracting a fair degree of notice and patronage. As the 
result of the " exhibition " a small surplus of money was left, 
and the number of members increased to 120, so that the 
" exhibition " may be said to have been a really happy thought 
on the part of its promoters. But on the occasion of the first 
public soiree, in June, 1848, held in the Primitive Methodist 
Chapel, the number of members had gone down to 70. Yet 
the Institute prospered, and the membership again slowly 
increased, until in November, 1849, it was found necessary to 
move to larger premises, a little lower down Church Lane, 
now known as the " Butchers' Arms." For fourteen or fifteen 
years the work of the Institute was carried on here with 
varying success, the number of members increasing to 200. 
Much good was done here in the classes for imparting 
elementary and secondary knowledge, many youths receiving 
in these classes the larger part of their education. For some 
reason or other, however, the interest in the Institution 
appeared eventually to flag, when it was known that the 
property had changed hands, and the committee had received 
" notice to quit." A meeting of the committee was held under 
these unpromising circumstances, and the dissolution of the 
Institution was freely discussed, and all but decided upon. At 
this critical moment a gentleman connected with the place — Mr. 
George Minings — came into the meeting, and, learning what was 
about to be done, raised his voice against the proposition, 
and eventually sought out other premises in Hammerton Field, 
and took the responsibility of the tenancy upon himself. Thus 
the threatened dissolution was narrowly averted. But the aff"airs 
of the Institution did not thrive in Hammerton Field ; it was 
too much " out of sight and out of mind," and the membership 
again dwindled down rapidly. 

After a short stay here, that had nearly proved fatal to its 
existence, despite the efforts and support of several of its original 
and warmest friends, the committee took a house in Manor House 
street, and made another effort to rouse the dormant interest in 
the welfare of the Mechanics' Institute, and with such success 
that in about a year and a half another change had to be made, 
in order to find accommodation for the rapidly increasing number 
of members. The committee rented a house near the present 
Institute, and ultimately purchased the building, together with 
some adjoining property, and, notwithstanding the increased 
accommodation, it was found necessary in 1877 to take steps to 

R 



226 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

obtain a new building, and in 1878, the most successful bazaar 
ever held in Pudsey, contributed over ;^ 1,200 towards a new 
Institute, The site was purchased for ^ i ,600, and the memorial 
stone was laid on October 6th, 1879, by Mr. W. D. Scales, of 
Grove House. The following is a description of the building, 
which occupies a most central position at the top of Lowtown, 
having a south westerly front to Waver Green, and a north front 
to Lowtown road and forms with the adjoining Co-operative 
stores, a handsome and imposing block of buildings. The Gothic 
style of architecture has been adopted, and one of the principal 
features of the building is a square tower at the angle of the two 
streets above mentioned, having a slated spire, which rises to a 
height of no feet, and is surmounted by an ornamental iron 
finial and vane. In the base of this tower, at the side next 
Lowtown road, is the principal entrance to the building, the door- 
way being deeply recessed, and having an arched and moulded 
head. From the level of the principal entrance short flights of 
steps lead upwards on to the ground floor (which is raised about 
6 feet above the street line), and downwards to the basement, 
and the steps are so arranged that the rooms on the basement 
may be let off, or used without interfering in any way with the 
upper floors. The accommodation on the basement floor is as 
follows : — a large room, intended to be used for tea-parties or 
similar gatherings, with kitchen, scullery and store-room adjoining; 
and also four class-rooms, and a lavatory, etc. These rooms are 
all of ample size and well-lighted. On the ground floor are a 
news-room, 34 feet by 24 feet, a library, 24 feet by 16 feet, a 
conversation room 29 feet by 16 feet, a committee room, two 
class-rooms, a lavatory and a secretary's room. A handsome 
stone staircase, the steps of which are 5 feet wide, leads upwards 
to the first floor, upon which is situated the public hall, 56 feet 
by 40 feet. It is 32 feet high from floor to ceiling, and has 
galleries round three sides, which are entered frorn the second 
floor level. It will accommodate an audience of 600 persons. 
Adjoining the public hall are two ante-rooms, with lavatories, etc., 
for the use of those engaging the hall. There is also upon this 
floor a science lecture theatre, seated in raised stages, and capable 
of accommodating 120 students. Upon the second floor, over 
the science lecture theatre, are spacious rooms, lighted from both 
roof and sides, to be used by the art classes connected with the 
Institute. The building is heated throughout by means of hot- 
water pipes, and special attention has been paid to the lighting 
and ventilating arrangements. The two principal fronts have 



LITERARY UNION. 227 

been faced with " pitch-faced " wall stones of excellent quality, 
obtained from quarries in the immediate neighbourhood, and all 
the windows have ashlar dressings. Most of the windows are of 
tinted cathedral glass, except those to the upper storey. The 
works were carried out under the superintendence of the archi- 
tects, Messrs. Hope and Jardine of Bradford, whose plans were 
selected in open competition. The total cost of the structure, 
with fittings, was ^^6,305, of which 3,000 remains to be paid. The 
opening ceremony took place on November loth, 1880, and was 
performed by Herbert J. Gladstone, Esq., M.P. In 1885, the 
number of members was 596 ; volumes in the library, 1,300. 

A Literary Union was established in 1854, at Fulneck, 
the number of members being limited to 24, and monthly meetings 
are held, at which papers are read by the members on historical, 
scientific, or literary subjects. Other societies exist in connection 
with the various religious and political organizations, at which 
questions of public importance are discussed, essays are read, 
and lectures are occasionally delivered. We may mention, the 
Church Institute, the Congregational Young Men's Improvement 
Society, the Wesleyan Young Men's Improvement Society, and 
the Unitarian Young Men's Improvement Society. The classes, 
libraries, lectures, etc., have an important influence in forming 
the habits and characters of the young persons who are members. 
Amongst other educational agencies, Pudsey has its local 
newspapers ; the Pudsey Neivs and the Pudsey and District 
Advertiser. The News was established in 1 872 by Mr. T. Stillings, 
and is published by him, with Mr. John Middlebrook as its able 
editor. The paper is issued weekly, on the Friday, and contains 
accurate and well digested reports of all local matters, notes and 
correspondence on affairs of interest to the public of the neigh- 
bourhood ; also, a large amount of varied news, and a serial story 
of general interest. The price is one half-penny. The Pudsey 
and District Advertiser was established in 1875, by Mr. J. W. 
Birdsall, Staningley. It is published on the Friday, at one half- 
penny. It gives reports of all matters of interest connected with 
the town and district, together with serial tales of domestic interest, 
and original articles and notes on imperial and local subjects, 
railway time tables, etc. 





MANUFACTURES. 




HE inhabitants of Pudsey and neighbourhood have 
long been engaged in the manufacture of woollen 
cloth. During the last century the art of manufacture 
was in a rude state; the various processes of scribbling, 
carding, etc., were all done by hand in a very tedious 
manner, and the warp and weft were spun, one thread at 
a time, on what we now term a bobbin-wheel, and the 
weaving of the cloth required two persons to each loom. 
Mr, J. L. Gaunt informs me that he had heard his grand- 
father, Jos. Gaunt, say that the practice of weaving two on one 
loom was just going out of date when he commenced working, 
which would be about 1778, as he was then 13 years of age. He 
said he remembered having seen them weaving two on a loom in 
the old house at the top of Chapeltown, pulled down in 1885, 
occupied by George Moss, behind the Commercial Hotel. He 
said he used to go with cloth to be milled to Shipley, and would 
generally start off on Friday afternoon and would be returning 
home with the cloth on Sunday morning, when people were going 
to worship at the old Bell Chapel, or the Nonconformist Meeting 
house, top of Chapeltown. He used to card wool by hand, and 
the first scribblers that he remembered were at Esholt.* 

The cloth when made was conveyed to Leeds by pack-horses, 
though, I believe, sometimes by the men themselves. There it 
was exposed for sale, formerly upon Leeds Bridge, where the 
manufacturers held their market until 1684, when it was removed 

'' For an exhaustive account of the primitive methods of cloth manufacture, see Lawson's 
Progress in Pudsey, pp. 20-38, and 83-93. 



THE CLOTH MANUFACTURE. 229 

into Briggate, where it continued to be held until 171 1. The 
Coloured Cloth Hall was erected in 1758. In process of time 
" spinning jennies " were introduced, which were of a somewhat 
rude construction. An anecdote is told of one old man named 
Will Sugden, who went to see a neighbour, who had just got a new 
"jenny" with fifty spindles. On seeing the machine, the old 
fellow exclaimed " eh, lad ! hah-ivver dus' ta see 'em all ? I've 
nobbut twenty-four threeds an' I let five on 'em lake." 

The introduction of scribblers, carders, and billies gradually 
took place during the latter half of the last century, and the in- 
troduction of these new machines was looked upon with anything 
but a favourable spirit; indeed, on some occasions sheetings of 
cardings and slubbings were met on the road and torn to pieces. 
These machines were worked by horse power in Pudsey. The 
horse turned a " gin " similar to those used at our stone quarries 
for raising stone. There were seven of those little mills turned 
by horse power in Pudsey, at the close of the last century, viz.: — 
Ingham's, at Hill Foot ; Bickerdike's, at Greenside ; Craven's, 
at Bankhouse ; Lumby's, at Littlemoor ; Edward Farrar's, in 
Church Lane ; Matthew Dufton's, top of Lowtown ; and Matthew 
Whitfield's, at Delph Hill. The cloth to be fulled or milled was 
taken to Cockersdale, Shipley, Esholt, Harewood, or Arthington. 
At each of these places were " fulling-stocks " turned by water 
power. Very amusing stories are told in illustration of the in- 
experience and mismanagement of the workmen engaged in 
this department.* On one occasion a clothier's man was sent 
with a piece of cloth to " mill " and after putting the cloth into 
the machine, both miller and man adjourned for refreshment. 
Returning after a time to look at the cloth, they found it so 
strangely felted together in one mass that it could not be opened 
out, and it was eventually buried in the dung heap. 

The processes of dyeing and drying were also carried on in 
a similarly rude way, and the " lead-broth " as it was called, that 
is, the dye-water was suffered to run along the highways, as there 
were no sewers at that period, consequently the roads were in a 
very filthy state in this and the other manufacturing villages. 

In 1824 a severe panic existed in the woollen trade, and 
there was scarcely a cloth-loom to be heard in the village. To 
keep them from starving many of the people were employed in 
weaving cotton by hand-loom, obtaining their work from a Mr. 
Nutter, or Nuttall, of Bradford, whither they took their pieces 
on Thursdays. Mr. Joseph Tordoff, of Low Moor, also put out 

' See Smith's Morley : Awient and Modern, p. 297. Wilson's History of Brainley, pp. 43-44- 



230 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

cotton weaving at Pndsey. The first woollen mill in Pudsey 
turned by steam-power was commenced towards the close of the 
last century at the bottom of Roker Lane, by Mr. Ellwand. 
The mill is known as Union Bridge Mill. It was the property 
of the late Mr. J, Crowther, but is now the property of Mr. 
Galloway. The next and most important was Gibraltar Mill, 
erected in 1 801-2, by Messrs. Joseph Thackrah and Fairfax 
Carlisle. This mill was burnt down on June 14, 1812, and there 
being no other mill in the neighbourhood, the loss was con- 
siderable, both to owners and workpeople, as well as to the 
clothmakers. The mill was rebuilt by Mr. Thackrah on the best 
principles, and completed with all the newest improvements. 
Gas was introduced into this mill very early, being the first lit in 
the neighbourhood. Mr. Thackrah having built a large factory on 
the higher ground adjoining became a great contractor for army 
goods, and for many years employed a large number of work- 
people; the goods made by him being completed in all the 
various branches upon the premises, and exported to all parts 
of the world. Mr. Thackrah died in 1828. The premises were 
then let to Messrs. Hall and Walton, and in 1836 were pur- 
chased by Messrs. William Walton and Co. They are now 
occupied by Mr. D. Womersley and others. The mill has been 
twice enlarged. 

Varley's old mill, at Stanningley, was erected in 18 16, and 
the new one in 1837, the firm being composed until recently of 
Messrs. William and Samuel Varley. This firm have frequently 
1,000 workpeople in their employ. The Smalewell Mill was 
commenced about 1821, and rebuilt in 1844-5. It became the 
property of Messrs. William and Jonathan Clarkson in 1854, 
and has recently been purchased by Mr. Reuben Gaunt, the 
present owner. Albion mill was erected in 1822, and has 
since been enlarged. The name of the firm is The Pudsey 
Albion Mill Co., Ltd., Waterloo Mill; erected in 1825, received 
an addition in 1852 ; and since then a new mill has been added, the 
first stone of which was laid in July, 1857, by Mr. Jonas Bate- 
man and Mr. William Carr, two of the senior partners of the 
firm. The company trade under the name of James Blackburn 
and Co. The following names of mills, with the dates of their 
erection, complete the list : — Union Mill (Mr. Matthew Walker), 
erected in 1825, and enlarged in 1855. Allanbrig Mill (Messrs. 
Salter and Salter), erected 1830; enlarged since. Crawshaw 
Mill, erected 1831 ; enlarged 1857 ; now wholly worsted. Priest- 
ley Mill (William Elsworth and Co.), erected 1834, and since 



THE CLOTH MANUFACTURE. 23 1 

enlarged (now the property of The Priestley Mill Co.) Fartown 
Mill (Claughton Garth Mill Co.), erected 1837; enlarged 
i860, burnt down in 1879, and afterwards purchased and rebuilt 
by Mr. James Banks, the present owner and occupier. Cliff Mill 
(Farrer, Sharp, and Co.), erected 1837; since enlarged. Bank- 
house Mill (worsted) ; unoccupied. With the exception of 
Bankhouse Mill and Messrs. Varley's Mill, at Stanningley, all 
the above are woollen mills, built by companies on the joint- 
stock principle. Messrs. B, Crosland and Son, of Valley Bottom, 
and Messrs. W. and T. Huggan, of Swinnow Grange, are Pudsey 
firms, but their works are not within the township. 

It is only within the last 20 years that the worsted business 
has become fairly established at Pudsey. In 1867, Messrs. 
Cooper Brothers erected Valley Mill, and since that time their 
works have been doubled in extent. Brick Mill (woollen), Mr. 
Robert Spencer's, was erected in 1868; Brunswick Shed (worsted), 
Messrs. James Smith and Co.'s, erected in 1869 ; Prospect Mill 
(woollen), occupied b}- Mr. W. C. Forrest, erected in 1870, and 
since enlarged ; Grange-field Mill, Mr. Isaac Gaunt's (worsted), 
erected in 1871 ; and a new portion has just been added for the 
woollen trade. New Shed, Pudsey Worsted Mill Co., Limited, 
erected in 1872, has now been doubled in size to hold 840 looms. 
It is at present occupied by Messrs. Midgley and Mills, Messrs. 
James Smith and Co., Messrs. Turton and Mitchell, and Mr. 
Thomas Jowett. Messrs. S. A. Jones and Co., woolcombers, 
worsted spinners and manufacturers, commenced extensive 
works named South Park Mills in 1874, enlargements of which 
are still in progress. To the above list must also be added New 
Lane Mills, Tyersal, erected in 1873, by Messrs. W. and J. 
Whitehead, worsted spinners and manufacturers ; Wellington 
Works, erected by Messrs. Pickard and Son, and occupied by 
Mr. Joseph Jowett, manufacturer ; and Mr. P. Harrop's wool- 
combing shed. 

We are not able to state the exact number of persons now 
employed in the woollen trade in Pudsey ; but, including the 
whole township, the number employed in that of worsted is 
close upon 4,000. Since the introduction of the worsted trade, 
the woollen business has been left behind in the race by its more 
vigorous rival, all the manufactories, with one or two exceptions, 
erected during the last twenty years having been built for the 
worsted trade. 

The old clothiers, who were generally small farmers as well, 
have become well-nigh extinct, but they are held in grateful 



232 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

remembrance by those who remember their many good quahties. 
Industrious and frugal in their habits, they were generally counted 
men of integrity and honour, and in their dual capacity of trades- 
men and farmers possessed advantages which might well be 
envied by the present generation. 

There are still many small clothiers in and around Pudsey, 
and a few " wool extractors " dealers in " fudd," flocks, and 
mungo — substances which are immediately connected with the 
trade. There are also several engineers' and machinists' works. 

A goodly number of persons find employment in the leather 
trade ; the principal firms engaged in this business being Messrs. 
Wm. Haste, Hough End ; Thomas Goodall, Alma Tannery, 
Bramley ; and Edward Tetley, Fartown. The boot and shoe 
trades have also assumed dimensions of no small importance, 
and the works of Messrs. vScales and Sons, and Messrs. Salter 
and Salter employ many hundreds of persons. 

Pudsey is also largely engaged in the stone trade. The 
Upper Moor quarries have been worked, it is said, for hundreds 
of years. The buildings of the Moravian Establishment, at 
Fulneck, were erected with stone from these quarries. Formerly 
they were worked by one Stockdale, and afterwards by Thomas 
Farrer and his trustees, who exported the hard " ncll " stone to 
foreign countries. About a quarter of a century ago, Messrs. 
W. Pickard and Son entered upon and still work them. The 
other stone quarrying firms of Pudsey are Messrs. Wm. Merritt 
and Son, John Procter and Son, George Lumby, J. Illingworth, 
and Lord and W. H, Vickers. In Back Lane, many disused 
quarries have been filled up and houses erected upon them. 





FULNECK. 




J'lmil. T is said of the monks and friars of the centuries gone, 
that they were particularly careful in selecting the 
sites for their monasteries and other religious houses ; 
but certainly they were not peculiar in this respect, 
as witness the case of the pleasant and unique village 
whose name is at the head of this chapter. Fulneck is 
most beautifully situated on the northern slopes of the 
Tong valley, forming the southern boundary of the 
Pudsey Township* It has a perfectly open prospect to the 
south, embracing a wide range of country, including Dudley 
Hill ; Tong, with its tree embowered hall, the seat of Sir R. 
Tempest-Tempest, Bart. ; Drighlington ; Gildersome ; Adwalton, 
with its historic moor ; Morley, Middleton, Farnley, etc. ; and 
it would have been difficult for the founders of the place to have 
chosen a spot in this district more desirable for the purposes 
contemplated by them. Not inaptly may a part at least of 
David's eulogy of Mount Zion be applied to this place : — 
" Beautiful for situation." More especially was this the case 
when the site was first selected, ere the pellucid and fish-inhabited 
stream, which winds through the vale, had become black with 
nauseous drainage, or the opposite slopes were disfigured by heaps 
of shale and other rubbish thrown out from the pits which have 
been opened of late years by the Low Moor Iron and Coal 
Company, and the chimneys whose sulphurous smoke pollutes 
the air, and destroys the trees of the adjoining woods. 



* This account of Fulneck has been edited, and partly written, by Mr. J. T. Beer, of Threap- 
jand Houhe. — Ed. 



MORAVIAN ESTABLISHMENT. 



235 



The establishment presents a fine imposing front when 
viewed from the other side of the valley, and consists of a 
broken, yet not inharmonious, line of buildings ; having the 
chapel in the centre, which, however, is not distinguishable as 
such on this side ; the schools for girls and boys ; the residences 
for the principals of these schools ; the Single Sisters' and 
Brethren's Houses, the Lecture Hall, etc., the whole of which 
are faced by a broad and level gravelled terrace, from whence 
gardens, orchards, fields, and forest trees, occupy the space down 
to the stream. Although the beauty of Fulneck is seen in the 
front, it is at the back where its specially unique features are 

most apparent. Here the line of the 
buildings is considerably more broken 
than in the front, and the chapel is 
conspicuous by its advancing entrance, 




surmounted 
by the belfry 
and clock. 

» J , The Terrace. 

A paved ter- 
race having a rise of some yards above the front one, runs 
nearly the whole length of this side, being shortened by an 
enclosed yard, etc., belonging to residences of the Single Sisters 
at the east end. From this terrace green slopes rise to the road 
or street above, which at the centre is greatly above its level, and 
is reached by flights of steps of varying heights. The west end 
of this rising ground was, until a few years ago, occupied by a 
block of unsightly cottages and other erections, partly used for a 
bakery, stabling, etc., the removal of which has added much to 
the cleanliness and appearance of this part of the village. 



236 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Beyond the establishment proper, are the boarding-house, 
the shop, the single Brethren's prayer hall, and cottages, which 
have been utilised as a reading room or institute. On a lower 
level, and in front of these latter, there are a few houses so 
pleasantly situated as to have acquired the name of " Paradise." 
They are, however, only approachable through a narrow entry 
on the low side of the inn, which covered passage is therefore 
appropriately named " Purgatory." Yet let it not be inferred 
from this that there was any justification for the popular belief 
of their Romanist or Jesuitical character. At this end is a 
barrier where a toll of 2d. is demanded for horses and vehicles 
passing through the place. The whole of the private residences 
are on the opposite side of the street, extending for the most 
part from the entrance gate on the east to the bar above 
indicated. Although considerably above the level of the 
establishment, the village is still much below the crest of the hill 
in its rear, so that the whole place is well protected from the 
north and north-east winds. From the style and arrangement 
of the buildings the tojit eriseinble of the place is of a semi- 
continental character, and cannot fail to impress the visitor by 
its neat, quiet, and almost solemn appearance. 

Some of the most modern additions to the requirements of 
the village are, a capital Sunday School for boys nearer the top 
of the hill, and one for girls at the back of, and adjoining the 
Sisters' House. The Lecture Hall, also, was erected only a few 
years since on the site of what was once the boys' day school, 
which for many years was successfully conducted by Mr. E. 
Sewell, who is now quietly passing the remainder of his days 
amid the calm seclusion of his former activities. 

The estate, as a whole, is of very considerable extent and 
value, reaching from Hare Lane on the east to near Scholebrook 
Lane on the west, and from the top of the hill on the north to 
the bottom of the valley, which is its southern limit, embracing 
an area of 160 acres. This important freehold, originally con- 
sisting of about 130 acres, was added to by subsequent purchases 
or gifts, and when first acquired was mostly waste or moorland, 
with one small farm and a malt-kiln. When the common lands 
of Pudsey were enclosed in 181 2, a great deal of this side of the 
Tong valley was quite a wilderness of moorland, thickly covered 
with brambles and briars. In this public spoliation the 
proprietary of the Fulneck freehold came in for a considerable 
share. By the persevering industry of the first settlers this was 
gradually changed into a well cultivated and fruitful inheritance, 



THE PLAY GROUND, FULNECK. 



23; 



such as but few religious communities of the present day can 
claim to possess. This fine property is owned by the Church of 
" Moravian Brethren," or, as they sometimes style themselves, 
" Uiiitas Fratruui" whose history in connection with this place 
we must now follow. 







The Gills' Play Ground. 



Previous to the year 1742, this church, influenced by a holy 
zeal, had sent out Missionaries to different parts of the world, 
and had established an English Conference, or Board of Direc- 
tion, in London. It was in this year decided by the Board that 
a staff of labourers — actually hand-working ministers — should 
go and " take up their residence in some convenient spot in 
Yorkshire, whence as a centre they could go forth to minister to 
the societies." " The zeal of the Brethren was such, that by the 
end of the following year they had organised forty-seven places 
where the Scriptures were regularly read and prayer offered up 
once in every three weeks." These places were divided into six 
districts, in each of which was a preaching place, to which the 



238 



HISTORY OF PUDSEV, 



societies might resort on Sundays. Pudsey was one of these 
centres. 

In March, 1743, Count Zinzendorf, who had devoted him- 
self to the interests of the Church, visited the brethren at 
Pudsey ; and in order fully to carry out their social as well as 
religious polity, fixed upon the hillside then called Fallneck, 
which was then, or shortly afterwards, offered for sale. This 
noble convert was a zealous and enthusiastic member of the 
cause he had espoused, and did much, both by his labours and 
his means, to advance the spiritual and material prosperity of the 
community with which he had associated himself ; one of its 
best known and perhaps finest stations in Germany — Herrnhutt 
in Lusatia — being the fruit of his generosity. By many this 
nobleman is thought to have been the founder of the Moravian 




Fuliieck, from Tong Hill. 

Church ; but this is a great mistake, he only having been a 
co-worker with others in the extraordinary revivals of the last 
century. In fact, the Moravians claim to have been Protestants 
before the Reformation, and to have kinship with those early 
martyrs, John Huss, of Bohemia, and Jerome of Prague ; with John 
Wicliffe, and others, who heralded Luther in his noble work. 

It is stated that 240 years previous to Zinzendorfs invita- 
tion to the Brethren to form a settlement upon his patrimony, a 
number of Waldensian refugees from Romanist persecution in 
Austria, fled for safety and protection to the Church at Fulneck 
in Moravia ; and although, from persecution and other causes, 
the organisation was brought very low during the following two 
centuries, yet it was from this same Moravian Fulneck that the 
first colony was transferred to Herrnhut. 



ETYMOLOGY. 239 

As yet no reference has been made in this history to the 
name, " Fulneck." As afterwards stated, the place was called 
Grace Hall from the completion of the chapel in 1748 until 1763, 
when the name of Fulneck was adopted, in loving remembrance 
of the original home of the Brethren in Moravia, which bore that 
name. Also, it is said, because the situation, or general appear- 
ance of the two places, had some resemblance to each other. 
By a curious coincidence, however — and this may have given 
some weight to the new baptism — the spot had, for genera- 
tions previous to the Brethren becoming owners of it, been 
known as " Fallneck," Some previous writer has endeavoured 
to find the source of this in Fall'n-Ake, or Oak, from the Saxon 
ac, from the supposition that some notable tree of that tribe had 
become prostrate thereabouts. Notwithstanding the improba- 
bility of this derivation, it has been very generally accepted by 
local antiquaries, perhaps without considering the value of the 
jestion. 

I venture, however, to offer what I think to be a much more 
plausible indication of the source from whence it comes. Those 
acquainted with the locality will know that between Nesbit 
Hall on this side, and Tong Hall on the other, the valley opens 
out westward, dividing itself into a fork or Y shape, one branch 
going up to Holme and Dudley Hill, the other passing round 
the Tyersall Hill to Laisterdyke. The junction of these two 
branches, then, is the head of the valley, and that portion 
immediately adjoining, eastward, is the neck. This is the part 
wholly included in the estate, i.e., from Scholebrook or Jackass 
Lane to South Royd or Hare Lane. Did not the name, then, 
indicate the wide neck of the valley, or Fullneck, as it was often 
spelt in the old writings ? The corruption from full to fall by 
the original inhabitants needs no explanation. 

Yet another, and perhaps more likely origin, is communi- 
cated by Mr. J. Cliff, of Nesbit Hall, from a note recently 
acquired by him. It is extracted from the notes of a Mr. Samuel 
Hemmingway, who, along with a Squire Sugden, who lived on 
the hill, inspected property which John Holdsworth, then 
residing in the old " Bank-House," wished to sell. After 
viewing West Royd, they walked on to " Fallneck and Fall, 
Stubbs, and South Royd " — all significant names — " and came 
up one side of the Calf Close " (sic. Hare Lane). Here, then, 
we have the popular and strictly correct nomenclature— the 
steep slope ox fall -dX the NECK of the valley, this part being by 
far, steeper than the land at either end ; therefore, appropriately 
known as the " Fall." 



240 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

At the time the Moravians were pushing on their work of 
preaching and estabHshing societies, the Wesleys, with Whitfield 
and others, were going up and down through the country, 
engaged to a much greater extent in the same work. Among 
these, and for long a coadjutor with them, was the Rev, 
Benjamin Ingham. He was a native of Ossett, in this county, 
was educated at Oxford, and ordained to be a Minister of the 
Established Church ; but not waiting to be inducted into a 
living, and probably having some private means, he commenced 
preaching, both in the churches and in the open air, to large 
congregations which flocked to hear him, principally in York- 
shire and the borders of Lancashire. He was an earnest and 
successful preacher, and in a short time about fifty congregations 
or societies were formed as the result of his labours. Probably 
he was a better preacher than organiser, or, preferring the 
system and polity of the Moravians, he persuaded his followers 
to unite themselves with the Brethren, and with one consent 
they seem to have done so, to the extent of about a thousand 
members. He thus became a man of considerable influence in 
the combined societies. 

Thus it was, that when the Board of Direction in 1743, acting 
upon the advice of the Count, decided to obtain this site as a 
grand centre for their work in Yorkshire, Mr. Ingham was com- 
missioned to purchase it for the Brethren, i.e., to pay down the 
purchase money, with the understanding that the I3oard would 
take it over before the end of the year. This arrangement, 
however, was not carried out, and subsequently there seems to 
have been some difficulty in bringing the matter to a settlement; 
as a note under date 1744 says, " No final agreement or bargain 
was made, but this was at length, 1754, obtained upon a lease of 
500 years (another note says 999 years), after a good deal of 
trouble and many changes of Mr. Ingham's mind." Count 
Zinzendorf, who was on a visit at the time, exclaimed when the 
matter was settled, " I can now with freedom lift up my eyes and 
pronounce this settlement a settlement of the Lord." Subse- 
quently the rights of Mr. Ingham's heirs in the estate were 
purchased by the lessees, and the property thus became their 
freehold. This gentleman appears also to have been subject to 
no small measure of religious impulsiveness ; for it is stated, 
under date Oct. 9th, 1745, or nearly two years after he had bought 
the estate for the church, — 

After a blessed Lovefeast with the single Brethren, Mr. Ingham fetched a piece 
of ground from the field in which their house was intended to be built, and gave it to 
them as a token of their henceforth having possession of it. But this was afterwards 



THE CHAPEL. 24I 

returned, when the said field was determined upon as the future place of the single 
sisters' house ; when Mr. Ingham gave them, in the same solemn manner, possession 
of the ground of their present house and garden. He promised, moreover, ^loo, either 
in money or bricks, towards their house. 

The Brethren at this time lived in one or two small houses 
in connection with a Meeting Room on the top of the hill, also 
apparently in a house or houses at Bankhouse, — possibly at 
Nesbit Hall. The hill was then called " Lamb's Hill," and at 
these two places they resided for four or five years, while the 
chapel and houses were being built for them. The first stone of 
the former was laid on May 2 ist, 1746, by the brethren Foeltschig, 
Okershausen and Hauptman, with much solemn religious cere- 
mony, singing and prayer being continued in the open air the 
whole of the night following. This place for worship was 
designated by them " Grace Hall," and afterwards for some years 
was the name by which the whole place was known. 

One cannot but admire the ardent faith and burning zeal of 
this handful of men, most of whom were strangers in the land, in 
starting to build an establishment, calculated by themselves to 
cost;i^3,000, but which others thought would reach ^10,000; and 
which is stated finally to have been as much as ^15,000; and this 
upon land the tenure of which was not fully secured to them, or 
had been forfeited by their non-fulfilment of the terms of agree- 
ment. This Chapel or Hall was completed in 1748, and solemnly 
consecrated on June 2nd, by John de Watteville and Peter Bohler, 
two of the most learned and prominent labourers in the fraternity 
at that time. The minister's house had been completed and 
occupied during the March preceding. 

The chapel organ was one of no mean repute, being built by 
Snetzler, an eminent maker of his day ; and as music has ever 
been a leading feature in connection with the economy of their 
worship, it will account for the fact that, although engaged in a 
great enterprise and with straightened means, yet they succeeded 
in putting in this fine instrument in the same year that the chapel 
was opened.* It was originally placed in the east gallery, but was 
in 1802 removed to its present position opposite the pulpit. 

This last named, and generally considered most important 
piece of ecclesiastical architecture, seems to have been with them 
a matter of minor concern, as it was not erected until 1750, when 
it was first occupied by the gifted and learned preacher Benjamin 
La Trobe, who at that time was stationed with the church as 
Brethren's labourer. His was a name of Huguenot celebrity, 
which has been continued down to the present day through a 
succession of talented, influential, and honoured generations. 

* The present Instrument was erected in 185 1. 



242 



HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



Among the earliest of those who were connected with the 
Brethren, was one Claudius Nesbit, who resided at Bankhouse, 
and built what is now called " Nesbit Hall," at present owned 
and occupied by John Cliff, Esq., F.R.Hist.S., who was himself 
educated at the Fulneck Boarding School. A view of this finely 
situated, and lately much improved mansion, will be found in this 
history. Doubtless it was with this same Claudius Nesbit that 
Zinzendorf temporarily abode during his visits to the district. A 
great mystery has always surrounded his last days. It is related 
that going to London on business, he was never more heard of. 

In the year 1749 Zinzendorf, and his son Renatus, again 
visited the settlement, and laid the foundation stones of the houses 
for the Single Sisters and Brethren. The first is detached from 
the main block, is built of bricks, and is an imposing termination 
of the facade to the east. Through the space thus left open there 
is a delightful and almost telescopic view of the front prospect ; 
here also access is had from the rear to the main terrace. 

This noble promenade 
deserves more than a mere 
passing reference. It is a well 
kept gravel walk, having an 
extension of about 240 yards 
and a breadth of 8 yards. " It 
was in existence in a rude 
state in 1753, and about the 
same time the gardens on the 
slope below were laid out." 
About 60 years subsequent to 
the above date it seems to 
have been brought somewhere 
near to its present condition of 
perfection, and is said now to 
be " equal if not superior to 
that at Windsor Castle; " and 
also to bear more than a 
favourable comparison with 
the famed parade in front of 
Hampton Court. The houses 
above-mentioned were finished 
and occupied three years later. 
It was also in the above-named 
year that the Burial ground 
was laid out for its sacred pur- 




JOHN WESLEY AT FULNECK. 243 

pose. It is a long strip of land sloping gently down from the 
road to a considerable distance below, and has within the last few 
years been enlarged by addition of land from the adjoining fields. 
This holy resting-place for the dead is to the east of the estate, 
and is overshadowed by many very fine forest trees, which add 
much to its quiet and hallowing appearance. Here some of the 
most sacred of their religious services were wont to be held ; and 
oft has the stillness of the early morning been broken by the 
slowly measured and solemn music of their brass horns. More 
particularly was this the case at Eastertide, when the burial and 
glorious resurrection of our Blessed Saviour was celebrated with 
much that was, to the natives, both strange and novel ; and so 
much attention and curiosity did it excite as to cause thousands 
to assemble to witness the uncommon spectacle. This ultimately 
became, by the unruly character of the assemblies, so great an 
annoyance as to compel the transfer of the service to the chapel. 
Grace Clarke was the first interred in the burial ground. 

It may not be out of place to state that the brethren and 
their general economy were held in much esteem by that great 
apostle of the last century, the Rev. John Wesley, and his 
equally good and talented brother Charles. Indeed, the former 
acknowledged that it was by communion with Peter Bohler he 
was enabled to understand the plan of salvation as propounded 
in the New Testament, and to realise that " peace of God," by 
faith in Jesus Christ, which he afterwards preached with so much 
fervour, persistency, and success , and which became a leading 
characteristic of his long and self-denying ministry. Further, it 
is, apparently, to his intercourse with the brethren that the 
Methodist Church is indebted, not only for the knowledge of this 
joyous fact of christian privilege and vital godliness, but also for 
much of its peculiar polity. Lovefeasts, fellowship meetings, 
watch-night services, class meetings, circuits, and districts, seem 
mostly to have been grafted from this source. He visited 
Grace Hall in 1747, when he first preached in Pudsey at 8.0 a.m., 
and upon other occasions during his busy life when at Pudsey, 
and although the whole manner of their social arrangements did 
not commend itself to his judgment, yet he was always glad of 
that spiritual intercourse he found active amongst them. In 
reference to their social affairs he says in his journal, April 17th, 
1780— 

I left Leeds in one of the roughest mornings I have ever seen. We had rain, 
hail, snow, and wind in abundance. About nine I preached at Bramley ; between 
one and two at Pudsey. Afterwards I walked to Fulneck, the German settlement. 
Mr. Moore shewed us the house, chapel hall, lodging rooms, the apartments for the 



244 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

widows, the single men and single women. He shewed us likewise the workshops of 
various kinds, with the shops for grocery, drapery, mercery, hardware, &c., with 
which, as well as with bread from their bakehouse, they furnish the adjacent country. 
I see not what, but the mighty power of God, can keep them from acquiring 
millions, as they (1st) Buy all materials with ready money at the first hand. (2nd) 
Have ab')ve a hundred young men, above fifty young women, many widows, and 
above a hundred married persons, all of whom are employed from morning to night, 
without any interruption, in various kinds of manufactures ; not for journeymen's 
wages, but for no wages at all, save a little very plain food and raiment. As they 
have (3rd) a quick sale for all their goods, and sell them all for ready money. But 
can they lay up treasure on earth and at the same time lay up treasure in heaven ? 

The above interesting note will doubtless explain to a very- 
large extent how the community managed to possess itself of 
this fine propert}^ It was by the persistent self-abnegation of 
hundreds of people, industriously pursuing this one end, with a 
religious fervour but rarely equalled. Joyfully toiling, and under 
the most favourable conditions for success, not for themselves, 
but the cause to which they were wholly devoted. As an 
illustration also of the widespread interest felt in one another by 
the members of the Church generally, a ship's cargo of timber 
was sent as a present from Norway towards the erection of these 
buildings. 

It will already have been observed from the note above 
quoted that the object of the establishment was not merely a 
spiritual one. Employment was to be found for the members, 
not only to provide for their own necessities, but also that by 
their labours there might be a capital account for the common 
good. They thus occupied themselves in various trades and 
manufactures, and became the pioneers of that principle of co- 
operation which has spread so widely in later years. 

The clothmaking business was commenced in 1748, and 
afterwards that of worsted and gloves, tailoring, shoemaking, 
farming, etc., by the brethren ; and needlework, hosiery, and lace 
making by the sisters, were all successfully followed for many 
years, but finally abandoned as unprofitable, or impracticable 
when brought into competition with the ordinary outside traders. 
Doubtless the novelty of the movement would attract many 
young people at first, who were also the subjects of strong 
religious influences, but the austerity of the life imposed on them 
being unnaturally severe, would soon become irksome and 
intolerable ; so that what was in the beginning effective by the 
influence of an abnormal zeal, speedily failed when worked under 
the conditions of ordinary and reasonable life. The building 
at the extreme west end of the terrace was erected for cloth- 
making in 1758, and the business continued to be carried on by 
the Brethren, principally under the direction of Br. Charlesworth, 



PERSECUTION. 245 

until 1780, when, for reasons just given, it lapsed into other 
hands. It was, however, resumed by them about 1823, and con- 
tinued till 1837, when it was finally abandoned. 

The temporary prosperity of the movement, however, 
aroused the jealousy and anger of many in the district. This 
feeling was further increased by the spreading of false and 
scandalous reports as to their political and religious connections ; 
while the fact of the great bulk of their leading men being 
foreigners, was quite sufficient of itself to quicken the suspicions 
with which they were generally regarded. 

In the middle of the last century the partizans of the 
Pretender were numerous and active, while Romanism, with 
which his cause was supposed to be closely connected, was 
everywhere by the mass of the people bitterly hated. It was, 
therefore, an easy task with the enemies of the Brethren to 
accuse them as Romanists and Jacobites, while their peculiar 
religious rites, and close mode of life, together with the aid they 
got from abroad, served to convince the ignorant and vulgar, 
who are always superficial in their observations and hasty in 
their conclusions, that these pious and harmless strangers were 
in league against the throne and church. They thus became 
subject to much annoyance and persecution ; their meetings 
were interrupted, their houses searched, and large mobs from 
Leeds and elsewhere caused them much apprehension, and 
threatening serious riots. These, however, seem to have been 
averted by some of their ministers appearing before Sir Walter 
de Calverley and taking oath as to the loyal and peaceable 
character of their work and people ; furthermore, they are said 
to have persuaded one or two magistrates to visit the settlement, 
and have fully explained to them the nature of its economy. 
From thence their way would seem to have been unmolested, 
save by such small matters as occasionally arose from internal 
causes, or other and more perplexing questions connected with 
the estate. An instance of the latter sort arose with the owner 
of the opposite side of the valley, in relation to the Brethren 
establishing a dyehouse for their cloth manufactory on the 
stream dividing the two properties, 

A note under date 1750 says — 

The congregation enjoyed rest from without and within, excepting some dis- 
agreeable disputes betwixt us and Mr. Tempest ofTong, concerning the Dyehouse and 
the use of the brook near it, which came to a tedious law suit. 

Again, in the next year, we find — 

The disagreement with Mr. Tempest, in Tong, was finally settled at York in 
July. Some matters in dispute were given in the ri|^ht of Mr. Tempest, and the right 



246 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

of the brook given in favour of Fulneck Settlement. Br. Metcalf was very much 
engaged in helping to terminate this disagreeable dispute. 

Still another in the year following — 

Those in the Economy at Holme had much to suffer by Mr. Tempest, who 
threatened to turn them out of their house, and they were at last obliged to move 
from thence to Pudsey town (1756?) 

Disputes and petty jealousies also between the foreign and 
English residents were not unknown, and sometimes went so far 
as to create no small amount of vexation and anxiety. 

A congregation of the Moravians existed at Pudsey contem- 
poraneously with the one at Fulneck, but whereas the " Fulneck 
congregation was confined to its own place ; Pudsey congrega- 
tion (1755) included Holbeck (Leeds), Dudley Hill, Horton, and 
Baildon." This separate society, with its constitution and privi- 
leges, existed down to the year 181 1, when, from constantly 
decreasing numbers, and to prevent an utter collapse, it became 
amalgamated with the stronger section at Fulneck. 

In connection with the Pudsey Society a boys' school was 
opened, and as an indication of the value set upon their own 
services by the brethren, it is recorded, Feb. 27th, 1784 — ^just 
when they were about to begin the erection of the large boarding 
school at Fulneck — 

Brn. Watson and Collis had conference with the committee brethren touching 
the boys' school to be begun, i.f., to settle the school wages. It was thought readers 
only should pay 2\^. ; readers and writers, 4d. ; and readers, writers, and cypherers, 
6d. per week ; and the schoolmaster to have for the present 6s. per week ; and as 
soon as the Schollers bring in 7s. per week, then he to have 7s. per week ! ! 

There had been an attempt to establish a school two years 
previously, which failed for the reason that it was " very hard to 
get any house as room in Pudsey, as they are all occupied, and 
the rents also are very high." This was in March, 1782 ; and in 
July of the same year it states, " we are much concerned that we 
cannot get a room to keep a school in for our boys." 

The minister at Pudsey at this time, a married man, only 
received 8s. per week, and at the time of the union with Fulneck, 
as above, his salary was but 12s. per week. 

It was old widow Stephenson who received the Brethren when they first came 
to Yorkshire {sic Pudsey), and in whose house they preached. 

This junction of the societies " was settled with 150 persons 
present, but there were as many as 345 souls in the society. Pud- 
sey, 125 ; Dudley Hill, 60 ; Great Horton, 70 ; Baildon, 30 ; Leeds 
and Plolbeck, 60. The average during the first ten years of these 
societies had been 660." The labourers on the Pudsey plan resided 
together in a cottage yet indicated in the street at Fulneck. 



A TIME OF REVIVAL, 247 

During the separate " existence of the Pudsey Congrega- 
tion, the number in Fuhieck averaged 359 the first ten years, 
then rose to 425 as their highest average, and was probably not 
much under 400 at the time of union." 

This was undoubtedly the period of greatest energy in the 
church, not only in this district but throughout all its ramifica- 
tions. But we have to do with Fulneck only, and what is said of 
the Yorkshire societies generally is most fully applicable here, that 
from " 1755-90 was the time of greatest congregational activity; 
1785 — 1825 the almost exclusive educational period; 1825 — 1855 
years of comparative inactivity." (Cent. Jub., p. 35.) 

The first section was one of utter and general consecration, 
body and soul, to the service of God and the church, wherein no 
labour was too great, no sacrifice too much, if only the one would 
appear to benefit thereby, or the other required it at their hands. 
Indeed, the brethren seem at this time to have come as near as 
possible up to the standard of the primitive church, when " all 
that believed were together, and had all things common." — i\cts 
ii., 44. " And the multitude of them that believed were of 
one heart and soul, and not one of them said that aught of the 
things which he possessed was his own ; but they had all things 
common." — Acts iv., 32. Imbued with this noble charity, 
and fired by such zeal to promote the spiritual and eternal 
welfare of each other, and of the masses lying around them in 
the arms of the Wicked One, it were a marvel, indeed, if, while 
sustained by this spirit, the blessing of heaven had not crowned 
their labours with success. But " a fierce fire needs much fuel," 
and humanity is none the less human however sanctified and 
sustained by Divine grace. The three gredl forty days of Moses 
in the mount, Elijah in the desert, and the .Saviour in the wilder- 
ness, all had an end ; for no abnormal condition of life, whatever 
good it may secure for the nonce, or promise in the future, can 
possibly be upheld any longer than the fire which animated it is 
kept fully alive. And to suppose such a state of living can be 
continuous is to ignore the whole tradition of our being, and the 
noble attempt of the early Christians which so soon collapsed. 

From this universal experience the Brethren were not exempt. Here it appears 
that within the short space of ten or fifteen years after the settlement of our Congre- 
gations, the numbers reached their culminating point. The fire proved in many places 
to be merely that of stubble, quickly flaming, and soon burnt down. Thus, though the 
number of additions was at first great, — at that time tens were counted where we are 
contented with units, — the number of those that fell off was proportionately large, 
amounting (in some years) to between 40 and 60. From the simple accounts handed 
down to us, it is hardly possible to say who laboured most successfully ; all appear 
to have devoted themselves, soul and body, to the work. The attractive eloquence 



24^ HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

of Br. La Trobe, and the loving words of the venerable Bishop Traneker seem to 
have made particular impression. — (Cent. Jub. , p. 41). 

We should not lose sight of the fact that the later half of 
the last century was a time of general revival of religion through- 
out this and some other lands. Experimental and practical 
Godliness was almost extinct ; services were held in the churches, 
and sermons were preached ; but the first were coldly formal, 
and the latter not only insipid but in many cases wholly hid 
under the bushels of morality and tradition. 

The clergy proclaimed the "form of Godliness" without the power ; often spoke 
of virtue, but rarely exhibited the only saving foundation of every Christian grace. 
The Independents had not developed the evangelical spirit they have since displayed, 
and there were comparatively few Methodists here to search out the poor and dispised, 
and to preach with rude but earnest eloquence the terrors of " the wrath to come."' 
Thus the field was open ; there were no rivals, and even the places of worship, such 
as they were, were far apart and thinly scattered among an ignorant population. 

Thus were the fields in this corner of Vorkshire ready for 
the harvest, when Ingham and Delamottc, La Trobe and Trane- 
ker, Cennick and Hartley, with others, put in the sickle and 
reaped a harvest of men ; while some of the brethren, as Boehler 
and Gambold were " compelling the attention of Oxford to the 
truth by their Latin discourses, prayers, and extemporised verses." 

The foundation thus laid in true piety, zeal, and learning, 
cannot but be abiding ; and although, for awhile, the super- 
structure may fall partially into decay, yet with such a basement 
to work upon, and the same Divine Power at the command of 
their faith, may we not at any time look for a return to the old 
evangelistic activities, and as a consequence, the former fruits. 
"Then shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant 
unto the Lord, as in the days of old, and as in the ancient years." 
Mai. iii., iv. 

We must now glance at another branch of the work allotted 
to the place, one which has far exceeded in importance, as it has 
outlived in time, that of the industrial. I refer to the work of 
education. This has almost from the beginning been a notable 
feature of Fulneck, and long ere the value of a liberal education 
was generally recognised in this country, the Moravians were 
careful to give it to their own children, as well as to admit 
others to the benefits of their schools. It must also not be for- 
gotten that theirs was a Missionary Church many years prior to 
the other Protestant Churches awaking to a sense of this branch 
of Christian duty. This being so, the children of the Brethren 
engaged upon foreign stations, where education was next to 
impossible, had to be cared for at home, so that then, as now, 



SCHOOLS AND COLLEGE. 249 

many were sent to this country for that purpose. At the period 
with which we are now deaHng (about 1750) — 

Day schools were set on foot in various parts for the use of the societies ; and 
the children of those brethren and sisters who were set apart for the service of the 
church, were, together with some few whose parents desired it, collected into one 
family, forming the nucleus of the present boarding-schools at Fulneck. 'Jhe children's 
oeconomy was at Broadoaks, in Essex, in 1743, but the boys were afterwards removed 
to Buttermere, in Wiltshire ; and in 1748 were transplanted to Smith's House (Wyke), in 
Yorkshire, and finally took possession of the rooms under the chapel (1753), which were 
occupied by them until, 30 or 40 years afterwards, the present Boys' School was built." 

It was two years after the arrival of the boys, that the girls were 
also transferred from Church Lane, Chelsea, to the same rooms 
beneath the chapel. In reference to a sad epidemic of small- 
pox, there is an entry in the diaries, very characteristic of the 
simplicity of the times. We read : " By occasion of the small- 
pox, Our Saviour held a rich harvest among the children, many of 
whom departed in a very blessed manner." 

The first attempt by the Moravian brethren to establish a 
large public school in Yorkshire was made at Fulneck about 1785, 
when " a few children of parents who, without entirely con- 
necting themselves with our Church, yet kept up an intimate 
acquaintance with it, had been already admitted to our schools. 
The increase of applications of this nature, together with the 
great insuflficiency of the accommodation for both schools 
below the chapel, rendered an additional building requisite. 
In August of the above year, the older portion of the present 
Boys' Boarding School was solemnly opened for this purpose by 
Brother Traneker." This movement was so successful that, 
from a beginning of from 50 to 60, the number had reached 
200 in 18 17. This result was partly due to the fact of the 
Church's connection with the Continent, by which an uncommon 
staff of good classical, mathematical, and language teachers was 
readily and continuously secured. Among the most conspicuous 
of these was " H. Steinhauer, who, inheriting his father's zeal, 
and endowed with extraordinary acquirements in most depart- 
ments of science, imparted signal impulse to many studies, 
which, with classics, mathematics, and the pursuit of the Fine 
Arts, enabled this institution to afford a more liberal education 
than most others." 

A Theological College was commenced here in 1809, for 
the training of students for the ministry, but was discontinued 
in 1827, being fettered in its usefulness by " numerous restrictions 
and inadequate resources." It subsisted during these few 
years " under various names and arrangements, and has not 
since been renewed," except for a brief period. 



2^0 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

The union of this secular education with the church work, 
and spiritual life of the congregation, was not in all respects con- 
sidered satisfactory. " The service of the schools swallowed up 
a great number of brethren, without creating an equivalent 
supply of new members ;" the spirit of zeal and self-denial was 
declining ; success had enervated the establishment, " and the 
period of real prosperity had ceased long before the numbers 
had reached their maximum." But the schools were popular, 
the pupils were many, and the profits good ; and the glamour of 
this success not unnaturally dimmed the eyes of the Brethren, 
so that they could not see to what an extent they were con- 
suming the hard-won stock of spiritual capital accumulated 
during the previous fifty years. " It seemed as if the prosperity 
of the schools was, by its brilliant glare, to hide every other 
defect, and we believe we are giving a correct impression of the 
state of feeling, when we say that the first question of a visiting 
brother was not, ' What spirit animates the congregation ? ' but 
' How full are the schools ?' " 

They were also among the first of the Churches to enter 
upon that then novel, but now most popular, work of Sabbath 
School teaching. In 1800 the exertions of C. I. La Trobe were 
successful in establishing such schools at Fulneck. These, with 
a short break at the commencement of the period, have ever 
since been in operation, and proved an incalculable blessing 
to the whole neighbourhood. Following a principle which 
seems to be incorporated into most of their religious and social 
activities, the boys and girls are kept as much as possible apart 
from each other, and separate schools have been erected of late 
years for their use ; that for the girls being in the street at the 
rear of the Sisters' House, while the one for the boys occupies a 
commanding position nearer the crest of the hill. This practice 
operates throughout their whole polity, the sexes not comming- 
ling in any of their religious gatherings ; in fact, so far is this 
enforced at Fulneck, that the writer of this article, having 
taken a seat upon one occasion, at a public service, in the chapel, 
on the very margin of the female side of the entrance, was 
peremptorily told, three times over, " You must not sit there !" 
This division is also strictly carried even to death, as in the 
burial ground one half is set apart for males, and the other for 
females, so that husbands and wives, parents and children, 
brothers and sisters, whatever may be their lot in Heaven, at 
least in Hades are kept apart. One is led to wonder that, with 
such Benedictine practices, matrimony should be sanctioned. 



THE SABBATH SCHOOLS. 25 1 

Returning to the Sabbath Schools, it is claimed for them 
in an account of the " Celebration of the Centenary Jubilee," 
that the Brethren were not second in this popular and profitable 
field of labour. It says, " We cannot refrain also from men- 
tioning Bro. Steinhauer, whose exertions show us how far even 
some of the so-called ' simple ' brethren of olden times were in 
advance of their age. Both as boys' labourer in Fulneck, and 
as minister in Wyke (1773), he made use of his own press, in 
order to circulate printed copies of hymns or addresses among 
the children, thus anticipating by twenty years the work of 
Sunday Schools." It would also further appear that this same 
" simple " brother is responsible for the introduction of choir- 
singing into the services of the church at Fulneck. To him also 
is given the honourable notice of having, ten years previous to 
the above date, raised the standard of instruction in the day 
schools from a "course of tuition at first very limited, comprising 
little beyond reading, writing, and arithmetic," by the introduc- 
tion of higher branches of study, as Latin, German, French, 
music, etc.; which, of course, considerably encroached upon the 
time set apart for manual labour ; for even the time of the 
children was strictly apportioned between school and work. 
Here we appear to see the first germ of that modern system of 
education in connection with our Board Schools — the half- 
timers — in operation at this out-of-the-way corner of the world, 
a hundred years before the establishment of these institutions 
was practically contemplated. Is there anything new under 
the sun ? 

The buildings for the boys' boarding schools were erected 
1784-5, but considerably enlarged in 1818. They occupy the 
space between the Brethren's and the Directors' residences, 
and were " solemnly opened by Br. Traneker, who at that time 
combined the functions of congregation-helper and minister with 
those of the school director." The ceremony of the stone laying 
is referred to in the Diary under date April 19th, 1784: — 

Being the anniversary of the settling of the congregation in Fulneck up (on) the 
footing of a place congregation 29 years since. At 8 was morning blessings ; at 1 1 
the congn. assembled in the Hall, when, after singing some verses, _ z.^., " Un- 
fathomed wisdom of our King," &c., reading the inscription to be put in the Leden 
Box, the foundation stone of the House for the Boys' oeconomy was laid by Br. 
Traneker, who, standing upon the foundation stone, offer'd up a prayer, and though I 
(was) at a great distance to (from) him, yet the feeling I had was sufficient to convince 
me our Savr. was pleased with the whole transaction. 

From hence have gone forth missionaries to the remotest parts 
of the earth, not only to teach and preach, but often to work and 



25^ HISTORY OF PUDSEV. 

maintain themselves in desolate regions. Here too has been the 
chief seminary in England for training of ministers for the home 
work, and a succession of teachers for succeeding generations. 
The Centenary Anniversary of the schools was celebrated on 
May 3rd, 1853. _ 

It would be an incomplete notice of these old and important 
scholastic institutions, were we to omit mention of a few of the 
names which stand forth conspicuously in connection with them, 
as Directors, Tutors, or Pupils. 

Among the first of these is one whose name is constantly 
recurring in the Diaries of the last century, the Rev. G. 
Trancker. As stated above, his duties were duplex and onerous ; 
yet discharged, evidently, with conscientious faithfulness, and a 
general satisfaction to those among whom he laboured. He was 
the first " Helper" under the new settlement, April 14th, 1755, 
being appointed " Ordinary [Bishop] of Fulneck, and of the 
whole," i.e.^ the other congregations in connection with it, " and 
his wife also was to be a general labouress or elder." He is 
specially mentioned with the brethren Johannes de Watteville, 
La Trobe, and Charlesworth, — who is referred to as the "Gaius," 
or "Congregation Innkeeper," — as taking a general and principal 
part in all the solemnities of the great Conference where these 
and many other things of importance were settled, including the 
appointment of Br. Planta as congregation physician. The 
Bishop's first appointment was not of long duration, as he was 
succeeded in both offices in 1757 by the Rev. B. La Trobe, but 
he returned to his old duties twenty years later, 1776, and 
appears to have continued as School Director till 1791, and was 
congregation-helper until the appointment of the Rev. S. 
Benade, in 1801. This venerable and devoted servant of Christ 
and the brethren died at Fulneck in the following year, and was 
interred in the burial ground there. The jubilee of the brethren's 
and sisters' houses was celebrated this year. 

The Rev. Benjamin Latrobe, who has already been referred 
to, appears to have been a man of first importance in the church 
of the Brethrens' Unity, and a member of the Central Board of 
Direction in London. From him descended a long line of 
worthy and notable men and women who have continuously 
laboured in some way or other at Fulneck, and other places, in 
the interest of the church. — Of his sons. Christian Ignatius, Peter, 
and James ; the first named was very actively employed both 
at home and abroad, and was often at Fulneck during his busy 
life : in the latter part of the year 181 5 he visited the missions 



REV. BENJAMIN LA TROBE. , 253 

in South Africa, being at that time Secretary to the Brethren's 
Missionary Society. Peter was an eminent musician and com- 
poser ; James, in 1788 was minister at Mirfield, and in 1806 at 
Pudsey — at that time a bishop — with 8s. per week. His son, 
James, w^as minister of Mirfield from 1836 to 1841. Another 
member of the family, Joseph, who was educated at Fulneck, 
" rose to be Lieut-governor of Victoria, in Australia." — 




Rev. Benjamin La Trobe. 

The " settling " of Fulneck as a place-congregation w^as 
done under his guidance, in conjunction with John de Watteville, 
or "Johannes," as he is usually called, during a visit which they 
paid apparently for that purpose. He followed Mr. Traneker in 
the offices of congregation-helper, and school-director at the 
end of his first term, 1757, and is said to have been a gifted man 



2 54 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

and an eloquent preacher ; as before stated, he was the first to 
occupy the pulpit of the chapel in 1750. His power as a preacher 
is often spoken of, especially at the Easter Services, when the 
assemblies were not only very large but tumultuous. He appears 
from the tabular statement, in the Cent. Jiib. account, to have 
held the above offices until 1768, or about ten years. A note 
under date July 31st of that year, says, " Bro. Latrobe held his 
last public preaching for this time of his long sojourning in 
Yorkshire. A farewell lovefeast was held Aug. 24th, before his 
setting out to London." He is,however often mentioned as visiting 
Fulneck during the following years. He died at Chelsea, 1786 ; 
and so great was the respect in which he was held, that no less 
than 58 coaches followed his remains to the grave. 

A curious note occurs a year previous to his leaving this 
place : — "May 15th, 1 kept the meeting at the girls' school, and 
acquainted them that they must again move for some weeks to 
Jefferson's house, in Pudsey, as Sister Latrobe would want that 
house in which they were during the time of her lying in." 

Passing over a host of names, worthy of note, we must come 
to one whose long connection with the Schools endeared him to 
many, and whose cheerful, active. Christian life, is yet fragrant in 
the memory of all in this neighbourhood. The Rev. Joseph 
Hutton Willey, who for a long period was director of both the 
Fulneck boarding schools, was born in Ballinderry in co. 
Antrim, in 1820. His father was born in Fulneck in 1781, and 
removed with his parents to Plymouth in July, 1783, who had 
completed their appointment on the Pudsey plan. He was a 
minister in the Moravian Church, as had been also his grand- 
father, a Yorkshireman who joined the Brethren at their first 
coming into these parts about the middle of last century, and 
was appointed minister at Pudsey, 1773. His mother was a 
Hutton, of a good Dublin family ; she was aunt of Sir W. R. 
Hamilton, the celebrated mathematician, and Astronomer Royal 
of Ireland, who spent some time in Fulneck on the occasion of 
a British Association Meeting in Leeds. The late director had 
himself been a scholar at Fulneck, which he left in 1835 to 
pursue his studies, at first in Dublin, afterwards at the Moravian 
Church Schools in Nisky and Guadenfeld. After completion of 
his studies, he assisted for three years in tuition at a school in 
Holland, spending thus eight years in early life with what 
advantage is to be gained from foreign training, and becoming 
conversant with German and French. In 1848, Mr. Willey was 
ordained in Fairfield by Bishop Essex, and after assisting in the 



THE SCHOOLS. 255 

ministry in Bristol, he was appointed to the charge of the 
congregation at Gomersal. At the same time, in 185 1, he 
married Miss Jane Millar, a Belfast lady, who was educated at 
Gracehill. Their stay in Gomersal was but short, for the next 
summer, 1852, saw their entrance upon the superintendence of 
the schools at Fulneck, a work in which nearly 27 years were to 
be spent. During this period there were, of course, many 
fluctuations, but the general course of the Institution was very 
successful ; the premises were improved, the playground 
extended, a swimming bath built, and the financial state of the 
school much improved. At the first beginning of the University 
school examination, Fulneck joined the movement heartily, and 
won early honours, pupils receiving prizes from the hand of Lord 
Palmerston in Leeds. Mr. Fitch, on behalf of Government, 
made a close inspection of both schools, and sent in a most 
favourable report. At the present time, 1887, two of the former 
pupils are valued members of Parliament. 

During the period of Mr. Willey's directorship, above 1,000 
young people boarded and were taught in the schools ; at least 
1 20 teachers had been engaged in the good work ; above 200 
domestic servants had followed, as usual, in too rapid succession. 
The elevated and airy situation of the school buildings was 
conducive to health, and for a long time there seemed to be 
immunity from any serious ailment, but a rather severe visitation 
of fever in 1878 checked prosperity for a time, and disheartened 
those who had the serious responsibility of caring for the 
children of absent parents, so that Mr. and Mrs. Willey were for 
some reasons not sorry to take an otherwise regretful leave of 
friends in Fulneck and neighbourhood, following a call to take 
charge of the congregation in Gracehill, co. Antrim. This part- 
ing took place in March, 1879. 

He was succeeded in the office of Director of the Schools by 
the Rev. John J. Shawe, who had himself been educated at 
Fulneck, and in Germany ; afterwards was engaged as a teacher 
here, and Brethren's labourer about 1856. He then removed to 
Ireland for a few years, and subsequently returned to Fulneck in 
connection with the Theological Institute, which had been 
revived for a short time, but which was afterwards removed to 
Fairfield, near Manchester. His term of labour in striving, under 
great difficulties, to restore the Schools to some degree of the 
prestige they had lost by a repetition of unfortunate epidemic 
visitations, was cut short by almost sudden death, under circum- 
stances most distressing. Staying with his family at Morecambe 



256 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

in 1882, one of his sons when bathing, got out of his depth and 
called to him for assistance. Both were nearly drowned, but 
were rescued in a state of unconsciousness by a boatman, and 
afterwards restored. In the case of Mr. Shawe, however, fever 
supervened, and the shock to his system was so great, that 
although he partially recovered, yet a relapse came on, and he 
died in about a fortnight after the sad occurrence, to the great 
grief of all who knew him, and amid much sympathy for his 
wife and family. He was a gentleman of great energy and 
devotion to his work, of very considerable attainments, and as a 
preacher, eloquent, impressive, and popular. 

The Rev. Wm. Titterington, another old boy and teacher, 
succeeded next in 1882, and is at present in charge of the Boys' 
School, which now numbers about 70 pupils, and under his able 
conduct, assisted by his matronly partner, and a staff of efficient 
teachers, is regaining no small amount of the favour it so 
unfortunately lost for a while. Miss Shawe, sister of the above 
J. J. Shawe, has the management of the Girls' Department. 
These biographical notes might be extended to a great length ; 
indeed, a volume of biographies of Fulneck worthies would in 
itself be a work of large extent and very considerable interest. 
For beside those who have had the direction of the Schools, 
many have been otherwise associated with them who, in their 
day, were men of influence, and have left impressions of their 
work, which arc yet, and must continue, " Footprints on the 
sands of Time." 

One of these was Mr. Wm.. Nelson, who as a musician and 
an artist, was well known and highly esteemed both in the 
schools and the neighbourhood. He had charge of the chapel 
organ and the musical services for more than 30 years, these 
services during that period being unusually famous. As an ex- 
tempore player he had few equals, and his method of accom- 
panying the services was marked by great judgment and taste. 
Nor was he less known as an artist. His drawings were of the 
highest order, and much sought after by those who had the op- 
portunity of knowing him. 

A few of these passed under the hands of the lithographer ; 
perhaps the best known to the public being a view of Fulneck, 
and a set of six views of Kirkstall Abbey. 

In many ways he did good work for the church of the 
Brethren, holding sundry offices from time to time ; and many 
who have passed through the schools would testify to the care 
and attention devoted to them in connection with these two 











c/^^^--^^^ 



EDWARD SEWELL, M.A. 257 

branches of study under his guidance. He died and was buried 
at Fulneck in 1868, aged 58 years. His son, Mr. C. Sebastian 
Nelson, architect, of Leeds, but who resides at Fulneck, in the 
pleasant house formerly occupied by his parents, has now charge 
of the organ and musical services of the congregation. 

One other, whose long connection with the place and neigh- 
bourhood forbids his exclusion from these pages, was born at 
Fulneck, Nov. 8th, 1820, and educated at the school there. His 
father dying when he was but an infant, Edward Sewell be- 
came the special charge of a mother who devoted herself to his 
welfare. He was intended for the ministry, and his early educa- 
tion was conducted with that aim ; but circumstances occurred 
ere his arrival at manhood which diverted him from this end, 
and finally moulded his professional after-life very different from 
what he ever expected. He began to teach in the Sabbath 
school when only 14 years old, and for nearly 20 years pursued 
these labours " with abundant success." 

In 1842 he was entrusted with the head-mastership of the day school in Ful- 
neck, a post he held for 27 years with unvarying prosperity to all concerned, and 
with distinguished honour to himself. His name will ever be remembered by hun- 
dreds of his pupils with sincere gratitude and pleasure. 

During the first 49 years of his residence in Fulneck he 

Filled many posts of honour and trust in the church ; twice he was called to its 
service ; for years he was conductor of the choral society, and chief bandmaster. His 
townsmen also elected him to several public offices, which he discharged faithfully 
and well. He was connected with the chief improvements of his native place in every 
direction for the good of his fellow-men. For 16 years he was the Hon. Secretary 
of the Literary Union, held in Fulneck, and the papers he read before it deserve to 
be more widely known than they have been as yet. 

In connection with the ("ent. Jubilee celebration, at Fulneck, 
Mr. Sewell composed a " Cantata," which was performed here 
on April 21st, 1855, and was well received. 

In the year 1869 he removed to Ilkley to establish a college 
for boarders, which for awhile appeared to answer his expecta- 
tions. Here he served for some years upon the Local Board 
and the Board of Guardians. During his residence in Ilkley he 
paid a visit to Italy and had the honour of an introduction, as 
Grand Master of the Grand United Order of Oddfellows, to the 
Pope Pius IX., who dismissed him with the remark: 

I have been pleased to meet you, — your works of charity and love have preceded 
you here, — go on in the great work in which you are engaged ; for charity knows no 
religion, no country, and heaven will assuredly bless you. Farewell. 

Mr. Sewell not only won the distinction just indicated 
in connection with his Lodge, but also that of M.A., and 
many other inferior, though not less honourable, trophies by his 

T 



258 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

wonderful energy, talent, and perseverance. Though now much 
enfeebled by affliction and misfortune, as before said, his mar- 
vellously active life is declining in quiet, not many yards from 
where he iirst drew his breath. 

The festivals of Fulneck have always been a leading and 
characteristic feature of the place, and when the work from this 
centre was more energetic, and its influence more widely spread 
than it has been during the last half century, these were times of 
stirring importance which excited a large amount of influence, 
not only upon the members of the church generally, but also upon 
those dwelling in the district who were merely observers of their 
doings. Upon these occasions it was customary for very many 
to come from Holbeck, Baildon, Wyke, Dudley Hill, Gomersal, 
Mirfield, Heckmondwike, etc., to join in the sacred services which 
followed one another at short intervals during the day. 

Such constant gatherings partook very much of the character 
of the feasts under the old Jewish economy ; when every Jew, 
unless incapacitated, was expected to go up to Jerusalem to the 
Temple Service. Fulneck, from the time of its constitution as a 
place-congregation, became such a temple to the scattered so- 
cieties of the Brethren in these quarters, who, like the ancient 
Israelites, n^ight often be seen wending their way in small 
parties along most of the roads converging upon their Hill of 
Zion, These holy pilgrimages — long before stage coaches or 
railways were thought of — must have tended very much to 
maintain and strengthen the fraternal feeling among the locally 
divided members of the church, and to encourage that sympathy 
and fellowship which was so strong a bond to their political 
unity. It becomes, indeed, a question whether the excess of 
this feeling has not degenerated into an evil, and that partial 
isolation and exclusiveness for which the colony is somewhat 
known. 

These festivals may be divided into two classes ; those 
which are general, or related to the whole community, and those 
immediately connected with the individual congregation, although 
even these latter are as universal in their observance as the for- 
mer. The general festivals — all of which are still sacredly 
observed, though not in the same degree — are, 

1st. Beginning of the Building at Herrnhut, by the first emigrants of Moravia. 
For June 17th. 

2nd. The laying of the Foundation Stone of the first Meeting Hall and Academy 
at Herrnhut. May 12th 

3rd. The Renewal of the Brethren's Church, 1727. Aug. 13. 

4th. The Great Awakening among the Children at Herrnhut, Aug. 27th. 

5th. Beginning of the Hourly Intercession. Aug. 27th. 



THE FESTIVALS. 259 

6th. First Mission to the Heathen; the Negroes at St. Thomas, W.T. 
Aug. 22nd. 

7th. First Mission to the Heathen in Greenland. Jan. 19th. 

8th. Powerful experience in the Unity of the Brethren, that Jesus is the Chief 
Shepherd and Head of His Church. Sept. i6th and Nov. 13th. 

The two first of the above relate to their temporal polity, 
the third to their doctrinal unity, the fourth and eighth to special 
religious experiences, and the two others to their work in the 
mission field. 

The local or congregational festivities are much more per- 
sonal and limited in their scope, yet, as above stated, as wide 
spread in their observance, i.e., wherever there is a congregation 
to which the individual members can obtain access. For these 
annual ceremonials the church is divided into what are called 
" choirs " or bands, all of which, with one exception, are in re- 
lation to the state of marriage. Thus, there is 

1st. The Married Choir — Brethren and Sisters. 

2nd. The Single Brethren's Choir. 

3rd. The Single Sisters' Choir. 

4th. The Widowers' Choir. 

5th. The Widows' Choir. 

6th. The Children's Choir. 
In addition even to this large number of special services, there 
are the local school and chapel anniversaries, and others still 
more sacred in connection with the birth and death of the Divine 
Saviour, at Christmas and Easter. And as in reference to the 
latter, there has been occasion to remark upon the disorderly 
conduct of the crowds of people who annually assembled to 
witness the novel ceremonials of the brethren ; it is only fair to 
add, that the upright and sincere conversation of the one, and 
the good common sense of the other, at last prevailed to bring 
about a better state of things. Thus the Diary of 1822 says: 
" Being Easter Sunday we had, as usual, great crowds flocking 
to our chapel, who conducted themselves with decorum, and, 
generally speaking, with devotion." Again, in reference to the 
Christmas Eve of the same year, we find — Dec. 24th, " The 
public service this evening was attended by great crowds of 
attentive hearers ; many who came could not be admitted for 
want of room. It is pleasing to observe that an improvement, at 
least in the manners of our neighbours, appears to take place 
from year to year. On such occasions they now disperse with 
great quietness and decorum." Surely this is a red mark for 
Pudsey, 65 years ago, and at a time when it is usually credited 
with lying in uncivilised darkness ! 



260 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

All these festivals partake very much of one character, 
excepting, perhaps, those of the Sunday Schools and that at 
Easter, which is preceded by a whole week of special services. 
As may be readily surmised, the diaries of the place abound 
with references to their observance, nearly all of which are 
expressions of gratitude and praise for spiritual blessings, some- 
times the texts discoursed upon, with brief comments on the 
sermons, and often with references to the weather as affecting 
the attendance from the outlying Societies, Very often heavy 
and continuous snowstorms are noted as preventing the move- 
ments of the people ; and at other times the wind made it 
dangerous even for the local members to join in the services. 
Let one extract suffice : — 

Feby. 2nd, 1822. The wind resembled a hurricane, and rendered it dan- 
gerous for our brethren and sisters to pass and repass to and from the Chapel. 
Besides tiles and bricks being thrown from roofs and chimnies, especially at the 
Single Brethren's House, a high chimney on the house of Brother and Sister Jowett 
fell about li o'clock at night, broke through the roof under which they slept, and 
spread a great number of bricks on the public road, which must have occasioned the 
loss of life if it had happened at a time when persons passed that way. The 
torrents of rain at the same time were such, that when Brother Reichel, on the 
following day, was on his way to Baildon, there to preach, he could proceed no farther 
tlian Shipley, the whole valley of the River Aire being inundated. 

The observance of the Festival days mostly commences 
with a short early service, which is followed by an ordinary one 
and address. Then there is often a lovefeast, succeeded by an 
evening service, and mostly the Holy Communion. There are 
also particular matters connected with each choir, which are 
introduced in their order, and which serve to vary the general 
routine. There is, moreover, one thing which, perhaps, charac- 
terises these solemnities more than anything else, viz., the 
passing round of a loving cup, or, as it is termed, " The Cup of 
Praise," when the whole choir, or congregation of members, 
stands, and, joining hands, passes the cup from one to another, 
each, as he or she receives it, at the same time making a solemn 
promise to be wholly the Lord's. Two or three notes from the 
records will convey a sufficiently good impression of the whole 
of these high days, and also introduce a few names of those 
belonging to the Society at that period, 181 8 : — 

April 19th. Friday being the Anniversary of the Fulneck Congregation, and 
the weather being fine, there was a good attendance of our brethren and sisters, 
Eleven persons at their earnest request were joined to our Society. The two married 
pairs, Tames and Ann Wood, Joseph and Elizabeth Waterhouse ; the two men, 
Robert Hall and James Walker ; the widow woman Elizabeth Clark, and the three 
girls, Mary Proctor, Mary Webster, and Sarah Wilson. The married man William 
Stowe, junr., was also readmitted to the Society. 



THE CENTENARY FESTIVAL. 261 

May 2 1 St. The Single Sisters' Choir had a lively and blessed celebration of 
their festival. The day being fine, there was a good attendance from all the 
country congregations. The great girls, Han. Walker, Elizabeth Stanhope, Sar. 
Nichols, Mary Wood, Eliz. Proctor, and Maria I'lischke, were received into the 
Choir. 

May 31st. The married man John Naylor ; the girls Han. Man, and Sarah 
Turner, were added to the Society. The married woman Sarah Cromack and the 
married man James Bullock, were at the same time solemnly received into the con- 
gregation. 

July 29th. The two youths Chas. Sharman and Jos. Stocks* were received into 
the Choir. 

A more particular account of the observance of the great 
Centenary Festival which commemorated the first establishment 
of the little church at Herrnhut, when Christian David, the 
great apostle of its new dispensation, struck his axe into the 
first tree cut down for building a dwelling, with the exclamation 
from Psalm 84, v. 3, " The sparrow hath found her an house, 
and the swallow a nest for herself," etc. These words were the 
theme of a sermon on the i6th of June, 1822, 

Which treated on the excellency of our religious ordinances, enjoyed for 
100 years, with full security under every government in whose dominions we have 
been planted. In the evening the congregation met for a solemn conclusion of the 
last century of the revived Brethren's Unity ; a powerful emotion pervaded the whole 
assembly, and we received manifest proofs that the Lord still owns us as His flock and 
people. 

On the following morning, the 17th, the true memorial 
day — 

As early as five o'clock we were, by musical instruments, roused from sleep, 
and then already pur distant brethren and sisters began to arrive [from various quar- 
ters. At eight we assembled for the morning blessing ; and at ten an extensive and 
very affecting narrative was read of the events we commemorated. The meeting was 
opened and concluded with the singing of some verses composed for the occasion by 
our brother James Montgomery, in which the congregation joined with uncommon 
life and spirit. The chapel could scarcely contain the congregation, especially at the 
Lovefeast, when an ode was sung which was in substance a translation of that which 
had been composed for the congregation at Herrnhut. Want of room prevented us 
from admitting, with very few e:.ceptions, any but members of the congregation. The 
discourse was held on Gamaliel's words. Acts 5, v. 38-39. That the cause committed 
to the Brethren's Unity is of God we were most powerfully convinced, by tracing His 
way with us hitherto. To belong to such a people becomes increasingly dear to us, 
and at the '" Cup of Praise " we covenanted with one accord to be faithful to Him 
Who hath called us. We can hope, from our experience of this day, that Our Saviour 
will grant to our Church a season of revival and renovation. His Spirit was poured 
upon us from on high, and the celebration of this jubilee will not soon be forgotten. 
For the purpose of obtaining room in our chapel for these solemnities, the majority of 
the boarders had been previously dismissed for the midsummer holidays, 

A very brief account of the origin of some of the first-class 
Festivals may not be deemed out of place in this short history, 
especially as but few outside the inner circle of the IMoravian 
community will have any knowledge thereof. 

* Still residing at Fulneck End in fairly good health and strength. 



262 



HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 



(No. I.) The one referred to above is at the head of the 
hst, and as more than indicated, commemorates the exodus from 
Fulneck in Moravia of the three or four families which, under 
the direction of Christian David, first settled upon the estate of 
Count Zinzendorf in Lusatia, where they found a refuge from 
the persecutions of their enemies, and began the work hereafter 
described. These persecutions had been maintained during a 
whole century by the Romish Church, until that of the Brethren 
and other Protestant professors was almost exterminated, and, 
by the " craft of their adversaries," had been 
deprived " of their religious liberty, their 
chapels, their ministers, and their books." 
Yet there were many of them left, especially 
in the little town of Fulneck and the adjacent 
villages, which had formerly been the parish 
of the last Bishop of the Moravian Brethren, 
Amos Comenius. It was on Whit-Sunday, 
1722, that C. David made known to a few 
members of this tormented flock, that he 
had formed the acquaintance of 
the young Count, whom he des- 
cribed as "a genuine follower of 
the Lord Jesus," and that he had 
invited them to his estate at 
Berthelsdorf, with a promise of 
protection. Two brothers, Augus- 
tus and Jacob Neisser, both cutlers 
by trade, at once set out with 
David, who was a carpenter, for 
the new home accompanied by 
their wives and children, including 
twins only three months old, and 
two orthree young persons besides. 
They were obliged to take their departure under cover of the 
night, and without communicating their purpose to any but 
their most faithful friends. These godly pilgrims arrived at 
their destination without any mishap, and were welcomed by the 
steward of the Count, he being away at the time. They were 
at first lodged in " a lonely and deserted dwelling, which had 
been erected 70 years before, but never been inhabited." A 
cow was also given them, " that they might be able to furnish 
their little ones with milk." A spot being assigned them for 
their colony, and the trees marked for their use, arrangements 




In the Woods. 



DAYS OF PERSECUTION. 263 

were at once made to commence clearing and building. " The 
place which had been chosen was an extremely wild and marshy 
spot, overgrown with bushes and briers, at the declivity of the 
hill, called the Hutberg." Is there not here a striking likeness 
to the site selected by Zinzendorf in Yorkshire for the head- 
quarters of the Brethren ? 

Here it was, then, that the three earnest men set to work, 
and on the 17th of June, 1722, felled the first tree for the first 
house at Herrnhut, thus commencing a labour full of zeal, trust, 
and hope, which has been the home of their church, and the 
glory of its members for more than a century and a half. " This 
tree was afterwards formed into a pillar, and required as much 
work and labour as five others, ivhicJi ciraimstance led them to 
many reflections.''' It was the pious steward, Mr. Heitz, who gave 
the name to the place by which it has ever since been known. 
This occurred in a letter from him to the Count, on July 8th of 
the above year. On August 12th he wrote:" Yesterday the 
new building erected on the Lord's Watch (Herrnhut) has been 
so prosperously finished, that no person engaged in its erection 
has received the slightest injury." In an article written by him 
relative to Herrnhut, he says, " We gave to this new place, 
situated near the Hutberg, the name of Herrnhut {Lord's 
Watch) partly because this name will remind us that the Lord 
keepeth watch over us as our protector, and partly, also, because 
it will bring to our daily remembrance our duty to watch and 
pray continuously." 

(No. 2.) Meantime the persecution of the Protestants in 
Bohemia and Moravia, etc., was carried on with increasing 
bitterness ; for in the year 1724 

There arose a great and most violent persecution. All those who even at- 
tended the meetings were thrown into prison, and the jails being soon filled with 
prisoners, the rest were confined in stables, or thrown into offensive holes, where some 
of them nearly perished from suffocation. Others were cast into cellars filled with 
water, in which they had to remain in a standing posture till they were almost frozen 
to death. Some were confined in the very depth of winter in the tower of the castle, 
to extort from them, through the sufferings they had to endure in consequence of the 
intense cold, a confession of what books they had, who attended the meetings, etc. 
Some were sentenced to hard labour in irons for a series of years ; some, who had 
made a bold confession of Jesus, remained imprisoned for life, others were transported 
to distant towns, or had heavy fines imposed upon them. This was particularly the 
case with the families of Nitschmann and Schneider. The house of one of the 
former was levelled to the ground because he had lodged a Protestant in the same. 

Upon one occasion more than 150 persons were assembled 
at the house of David Nitschmann, on Easter Monday of the 
above year, in the village of Kunewolde, when the Justice of the 
Peace, with his officers, came furiously into their midst. The 



264 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

Brethren, however, so far from being alarmed or taking to 
flight, commenced at once, with a loud voice, to sing that verse 
of Luther's, 

And if the world with devils swarmed, 

And threatened us to swallow, 
We're not afraid, for we are armed, 

And victory must follow. 

When the Justice commanded them to be silent, they re- 
peated the verse once and again, which threw him into such a state 
of perplexity that he flung down the books he had seized, in haste, 
and departed without executing his purpose. And this was only 
during the first half of the last century, in the centre of Europe, in 
the dominions of enlightened and powerful Austria. Is not the 
beast with the seven heads the same ravenous and cruel creature 
in all places, and at all times, except when awed by superior 
forces, or restrained by a tiger-like lurking policy? Oh, that 
men would dispassionately read, mark, and learn what history so 
plainly teaches, and not be deluded by false charity, or a political 
war cry, to place those religious and other privileges won for us 
by the blood of our martyred ancestors, in jeopardy ! Rome is 
Rome all the world over ; the same yesterday, to-day, and for as 
long as God shall permit her to bear her iron sceptre, and wear 
her triple crown ; whether in her own naked hideousness, or the 
snowy plumes of a celestial form. 

From this bloodthirsty tyranny others at this time were 
driven to forsake their kindred, country, and possessions — for 
some of them were " sons of opulent parents," — and go forth 
not knowing whither. A party started on this sad pilgrimage at 
ten o'clock at night, on May 2nd, 1724, and, that they might 
"not be overtaken by those who might possibly be sent to pursue 
them, travelled across a pathless mountain toward Silecia." On 
the 1 2th they arrived at Herrnhut, where they were received by 
their old friends 

With uncommon demonstrations of joy ; but the room for dwelling and lodging 
was extremely small, there being as yet but one of the houses finished, and of that only 
the lower story. This was the day appointed for laying the foundation stone of that 
large building, which was intended by the Count, and his friends united with him, to 
be an academy for the young nobility, and to be employed moreover for other general 
and useful purposes ; and in which a large saloon was appropriated hereafter for the 
meetings of the congregation at Herrnhut. 

Baron Frederic de Watteville, who was one of Zinzendorf's 
most devoted friends and coadjutors, and whose successor, Jo- 
hannes, is mentioned often in connection with our Fulneck, 
resided at this time in the humble dwelling of the Brethren. On 
this important occasion he had, " from the earliest dawn of the 



MEMORIAL CELEBRATIONS. 265 

day been in an extraordinary frame of devotion, and to show 
how utterly he had renounced the world, " placed under the 
foundation-stone all the jewels and costly things which were yet 
in his possession." The Count's discourse and de Watteville's 
prayer and devotion produced upon the minds of the new 
emigrants 

The full conviction that this was the place where their foot might rest. They had 
quitted their country with their staff in hand, with a view to seek a place of rest for 
themselves, and for those of their acquaintance, who, like them, could resolve to 
forsake all their possessions in order to enjoy liberty of conscience. Now they had 
found what far exceeded their expectations, and here they therefore erected their tents. 

It may be proper here to mention that the grandfather of 
the then Count, — Erasmus, Count de Zinzendorf, — had himself 
" emigrated from Austria for the sake of the Gospel, and left all 
his estates behind him." 

Others, arriving shortly after at the place, were employed as 
masons, stone-cutters, carpenters, joiners, glaziers, potters, or 
assistant labourers ; so that the Academy and Hall was opened 
during the following year. On the second anniversary of the 
stone-laying, May 12th, 1726, "the pupils were solemnly as- 
sembled in remembrance of Lady de Gersdorf, grandmother to 
Zinzendorf, who had departed this life the 6th of March, on 
which occasion they delivered orations in the Latin, German, 
French, and Polish languages." 

The celebration of this festival is thus referred to in the 
Fulneck Diary for 1818 : — 

May 1 2th. We took notice of the various events which render this day so im- 
portant in the Brethren's Unity ; and more especially of that which makes it annually 
a day of particular blessing to the congregation at Herrnhut, the first of the renewed 
Brethren's Church, and the germ whence all the rest have proceeded. 

It would be extending this little history very much beyond 
its scope were we to enter into all the particulars of the causes 
which have given rise to these memorial celebrations, more 
especially as they are in fact a history of the Church, and bear 
no direct relation to Fulneck, only as an important branch of 
that tree at whose roots they lie. 

(No. 3.) This can be but very summarily dealt with, and 
must also suffice as regards this feature of the Brethren's 
ecclesiastical history. Like most other churches where any 
latitude has been given to individual opinion, this had soon to 
lament over a strong disposition on the part of many to 
introduce other forms and doctrines than those to which they 
had already subscribed. Some of these, men of mark, piety, and 
influence, became infected with the peculiar doctrine of Calvin, 



266 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

and wrought with so much success that almost the whole 
community was drawn away from the truth as held by their 
fathers. Matters indeed arrived at such a pitch that it seemed 
more than probable the little colony would again become 
scattered, or at best divided into sects. Many means were tried 
to avert this evil, but apparently without avail ; counsel, 
entreaty, and prayer, were alike without effect ; the leaders 
declared their purpose rather to go again, with staff in hand, to 
seek another home than to allow their new convictions to be 
brought under any restraint. 

All this was matter of intense grief to the young and pious 
Count, who had done so much to promote the happiness and 
comfort of these strangers upon his estate, not, as he says, that 
a new town might be founded, but that it should be a congrega- 
tion for the Lord. By great patience, however, combined with 
consummate tact, and no small amount of humility, he succeeded 
so far in winning back the malcontents that the breach was 
healed ; a constitution of liberal statutes drawn up and con- 
firmed ; twelve elders elected by lot ; the Count appointed 
warden or general overseer, with the Baron de Watteville as his 
assistant ; all the other offices " were filled anew, and Brethren 
and Sisters were respectively chosen in the same manner as the 
choice of the twelve Elders had been effected." This custom 
was also carried still further, for when the Elders in their 
Conferences failed to agree on any matter, it was referred to the 
Count " to give the decision by the use of the lot." Thus, as a 
contemporary records, the spirit of our fathers " came again upon 
us, and great signs and wonders were wrought among the 
Brethren in those days, and great grace prevailed among us, and 
in the whole country. This is the re-union of the United 
Brethren." 

These must be accepted as indicating the character and 
source of the whole, and are given that it may be seen from 
whence they have come, and with what purpose they are so 
religiously observed, not alone at Fulneck, but wherever the 
Church extends. 

The decision by lot, just referred to, is one of the 
peculiarities of the Fulneck community, and as such has often 
been a subject of curiosity to those without the pale. It is stated 
in the above instance to have been called into use for the election 
of officers, and the settlement of differences. There were also 
other occasions when this peculiar method of procedure was 
adopted, such as the selection of persons for the mission work, 



THE HOME LIFE. 267 

and other extraordinary purposes, and not infrequently for 
partnership in marriage. Whatever may be said for or against 
the practice, it cannot be denied that the Brethren had scripture 
warrant for its use ; while the whole significance of it in their 
hands, was a testimony of their absolute consecration to God, 
reserving no will of their own, but leaving the whole disposing 
thereof with the Lord. It may then be taken for granted, that 
it was always resorted to with the greatest reverence and awe, 
and after much prayer for the divine interposition, the result 
being ever taken with humilit)^ and an assurance of the Lord's 
will. It may be added that this solemn practice is less seldom 
called into requisition now than formerly. 

Another distinctive feature of the Brethren is the 
Pedelavhun, or feet washing, which although confined almost 
exclusively to themselves, as a section of the Christian Church, 
has a much more positive authority than the former. For did 
not the God-man wash his disciples' feet ? and did he not say, 
" Ye ought also to wash one another's feet ?" This injunction is 
accepted literally by the Moravians. The Fulneck records say, 

Wednesday, April nth, 1770. At the Pedelavium of the place, we, who were 
to wash the feet of our Brethren of the Pudsey congregation to-morrow, had our feet 
washed with the place, and those who washed them were also to be washed with us 
to- morrow. 

And on the following day it is noted — 

At seven in the morning and at five in the evening was read this day's portion 
of the Acts of the Son of Man, and presently after a suitable discourse and prayer, 
kneeling, was the Pedelavium for the communicants of this congregation, and for 
those of the place who had washed their fellow members yesterday. 

Just another quotation to show the importance attached to 
this ceremony, as a matter of conscience and holy obedience. 

Feby. 28th, 1778. Br. Saml. Fowler, a widdower, had the " foot-washing " 
previous to his going to the holy communion to-morrow, as he had exempit himself 
from it for many years through unprofitable reasoning. 

A few incidents selected from many which are recorded, 
will give some little insight into the home life of the period, and 
help to show that notwithstanding all the great changes of this 
century, the daily life of our fathers was not materially different 
to what it is at present. Thus, 

Oct. 5th, 1775. A few days ago one of our communicant Brothers 
experienced a particular preservation ; he works in the coal mines, and came out of 
the pit, and, contrary to his usual custom, ran directly under a hedge to put on his 
clothes, and no sooner had he left the pit but it tumbled together. 

Oct. 23rd. Br. Willey went to see Grace Hartley in our Society, whose 
husband, a cloth maker, went to Leeds market on the 17th instant, and has not been 
heard of since, which is a great trouble to his wife, who thinks he's fallen into the 
river and drowned. Nov. 29th. Br. John Tordoff gat very much hurt yesterday in a 



268 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

coal-pit, and it was a great wonder to every one that knew it that (he) was not 
kill'd on the spot, because a stone of more than a pack weight fell from the top of the 
pit more than 20 yeards deep, where he was in the bottom, and it fell upon him. 

Oct. loth, 1780. I went a good round to visit the sick ; this visit was more 
agreable to the sick than to my poor old legs. (Br. Gussenbaur.) 

We fear that the following note would not apply to many- 
horse-dealers of the present day. 

July 3rd, 1 782. The corpse of the widower, Br. John Hinchcliffe, was interred 
at Fulneck, and as he was a man much known (for he has followed many years the 
trade of going to fares and markets to buy and sell horses), and also a man much 
belov'd, there were a large number of people attended his corpse to their resting 
place. There were people from Leeds, Bradford, Halifax, and all round about. We 
have lost in him an excellent Committee Br., and a Br. who helped much in our out- 
ward matters. 

The part taken by the Fulneck congregation in the mission 
enterprise, demands a larger notice than can possibly be given 
to it in this brief sketch. It will have been observed that two of 
the general festivals relate to this important section of Moravian 
activity, and Fulneck has not been behind any of its fellows in 
doing what it could to maintain and extend this noble campaign. 
Besides which, its situation so near to the centre of England, 
made it a convenient " house of call " for those who were passing 
to or from the Continent in connection with the various fields of 
labour, so that at one time or another it has lodged nearly every 
person of distinction who has been set apart for this wide sphere 
of Christian charity and self-denial. 

It is a pleasing reflection, when one enters the precincts of 
the village, to feel we are treading where so many holy ones have 
trodden in the generations before us. Men who have gone forth 
as " ministering angels " to the ends of the earth, " bearing 
precious seed," or who have returned therefrom " bringing their 
sheaves with them." Unknown and unheeded they passed by 
the doors of the many, but once at Fulneck they were welcomed 
with heart and voice, or dismissed with the Cup of Praise ; thus — 

Feljy. 26th, 1773. Late at night was the Cup of Covenant (Praise) with dear 
Br. Meder, who sets out in the morning for London and Antigua. 

And again, 

Jany. 15th., 1777. The day was concluded in the Hall with the Cup of Praise 
with our dear Brn. and Sts. bound for St. Kitts, who are to set out to-morrow, . . . 
the people felt a good deal at parting with them from this place, especially Br. and Sr. 
Birkby. 

The principal stations occupied by the Brethren have been, 
and still are, amongst the lowest and most needy tribes of the 
human family. This has been the policy of their Church from the 
beerinning. 



MISSION ENTERPRISE. 269 

As early as the year 17 15 Count Zinzendorf, while yet at the Academy at Ilalle, 
had entered into a covenant with the friend of his youth, Fred de AVatteville, to 
establish Missions, especially among those heathen tribes which were totally neglected 
by others. 

As the outcome of this resolve they first started to labour 
among the degraded negroes employed upon our sugar planta- 
tions in St. Thomas's, and afterwards in the other islands of the 
West Indies. Their next step was to Greenland, where they 
have done much good among the Esquimaux and other tribes 
in that most inhospitable region. They have also taken ground 
at the very antipodes of this northern climate, and for genera- 
tions past have scattered the gospel seed, and taught the blessings 
of civilized life to the Hottentots and Bosjesmans of Southern 
Africa. Thus, at a meeting at Fulneck, April i8th, 1768, the 
Rev. B. La Trobe stated, that since the " settling " of the place 
13 years previously — 

It had yielded 20 servants 'and handmaids who had gone from it to be employed 
actually in our service, and that Saml. Isles, one o them, had been the Apostle of 
the Blacks in Antego ; and William Balmforth, another of them, was now, with 
much diligence and success, employed to carry forward the work of the Lord in 
Island (Iceland ? ). 

Sep. 24th, 1769. In the afternoon was the General Meeting where j'TCi?^'^ ac- 
counts were communicated from the congregations among the Heathen. 

1S12. Br. and Sr. Kleinschmidt and family on their way from Greenland are 
compelled, on account of the war, to winter in Fulneck. 

1846. Br. J. G. Herman, a member of the Unity's Elders' Conference, visits 
Fulneck, previous to setting out with Br. W. Mallalieu on a visitation of our Missions 
in the West Indies ; and calls on his return (1847) with Br. P. H. Goepp, member of 
the Provincial Helpers' Conference of Pennsylvania. 

Nor were the labours of the Brethren unobserved or un- 
appreciated by other sections of the Christian church in this 
district. A very unusual illustration of this is found in the note 
following, which occurs more than fifty years later. 

Br. Ramftler was invited by some Christian friends, at Leeds, to explain at a 
meeting, convened for the purpose, the nature, progress, and management of our 
Missions, which was done this day, and led to the formation of a committee con- 
sisting of 1 2 gentlemen, who undertook to use their best efforts for raising subscriptions 
and donations among their fellow-townsmen for the support of our Missions. This, 
and other similar instances of Christian benevolence and liberality, are to be more 
gratefully acknowledged by us, because the several denominations of Christians have 
now Missions of their own, which are generously supported by them. 

It is gratifying to know that this same spirit is still active in 
Leeds, being fostered principally by Miss Baines (a daughter of 
Sir Edward Baines), and that only two or three years ago a 
similar meeting was held in the Mayor's rooms, at the Town 
Hall, under the presidency of the then Mayor, Mr. Alderman 
Edwin Woodhouse, promoted chiefly by Canon Jackson, who 
has manifested much interest in the Church of the Brethren. 



270 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

That the people of Fulneck did not fail in this part of their 
own duty is evidenced by the fact that an entry in the Diary, 
four years previously, says, " Two Sermons were preached on 
behalf of our Missions. The collections amounted to nearly ^40." 
This godly charity has been well maintained by the com- 
munity to the present day, and the Missions in operation by the 
Church are not the least of the works by which it is honoured, 
and which still preserve to it no small degree of the glory of 
" the former days." 

In April, 1822, a Ladies' Bible Association was formed for 
the township of Pudsey, with the co-operation of Fulneck. 

It has been before remarked that the polity of the Moravian 
and Methodist churches is very closely allied. Another instance 
of this may be noted in reference to the Synods of the one and 
the Conferences of the other. These periodical gatherings in the 
Brethren's Church are, so far as this country is concerned, quite 
supreme as a legislative assembly, but have not power over any 
doctrinal, or radical form of church government. Several of 
these important meetings, which are termed Provincial Synods, 
have been held at Fulneck, the first of which was in 1750, 
attended by de Watteville, Boehler, Nitchman (from Herrnhut), 
Abraham Taylor, etc. Descending to more modern times, one 
was held here in 1868, presided over by the venerable and Rev. 
Benjamin Seifferth, who had occupied the same position in the 
six previous Synods, and who, although present at the one fol- 
lowing, had to decline the honour on account of the infirmities 
of old age. At this meeting Robert Willey and Frederick La 
Trobe were ordained Presbyters, and others to the Order of 
Deacons, by the Rev, J as. La Trobe. 

The next was in June and July, 1871, presided over by Jas. 
La Trobe, and attended by 56 representatives. The time occupied 
by the business and services is usually about a fortnight. 

At the following one, 1 874, the Rev. W. Taylor was Presi- 
dent. At this Conference the Rev. W. Hasse was consecrated a 
l^ishop by Bishop Jas, La Trobe, assisted by two others of the 
same dignity. Of the meeting it is recorded : " It has been 
distinguished by harmony and good feeling throughout ; more- 
over, many excellent measures for the good of the church and 
our congregation have been devised." Fulneck was further 
honoured with this solemn gathering in the years 1883-6. Synods 
were also held here in 1795, 1835, 1853, and 1856. 

Nothing has yet been said in relation to the oeconomy of the 
Single Sisters, except as regards the building of their house. The 
early records of the place say, 



THE SINGLE SISTERS. 2/1 

That the first company of Single Sisters associated together at Low-house, but 
finding it too difficult to get their living here, they removed to Chapeltown in Pudsey. 
The chief aim of these CEconomies was to be as much as possible out of the way of 
temptation, to enjoy hearts' fellowship, and to have better opportunity for attending 
the meetings. 

There was also a dwelling for the Sisters at Holme, a little 
higher up the valley. They had been removed there on account 
of the crowded state of the house at Fulneck, but, as previously 
indicated, their residence was made intolerable by the action of 
the owner of the Tong estates, so that they were compelled to 
emigrate to Pudsey, into a large house at Littlemoor, now the 
residence of Mr. Geo. Hinings. This house was consecrated for 
their use, Nov. 28th, 1767, by " Our dear Br. Petrus (Boehler) 
with a lovefeast, and we all wished them much blessing." In- 
teresting is the following as a combination of the social and the 
spiritual : — 

Feby. 24th, 1777. Br. and Sr. Coldwell (the newly appointed labourers at 
Pudsey) and Sr. Sally Bryant, spent the afternoon with the Single Srs. at Little- 
moor, to mutual satisfaction ; and drank tea altogether by way of a lovefeast, to 
make them welcome to this their Plan in Pudsey. 

The next refers to the anniversary of their entering the 
house, when Br. Coldwell again visited and dined with them, " as 
it was their going day about 1 1 years ago." At the following 
annual celebration we have " The S. Sisters in Littlemoor 
ceconomy had a lovefeast, as this was the day, 12 years ago, 
when they came to live there." They were subsequently all 
aggregated at Fulneck. 

Although but little has been said in reference to the female 
portion of the settlement, it is only because it has taken a second- 
ary part in the spiritual and social activities of the place. They — 
the females — have not been idle nuns, wasting their time in mere 
sentimental contemplation or devotion, but hard-working, pious, 
devoted women, consecrating themselves as fully, and, in their 
sphere, as usefully, as their male brethren. 

In the work of education there have been some of high 
intellect, and members of the noblest families in their Church ; 
while in their choirs they have laboured persistently and with 
great success, by the needle and otherwise, for the welfare of the 
community at home and abroad. 

It would not be possible to say how many have renounced 
friends, country, and almost all the comforts of life, for the 
inhospitable, and often fatal regions in which the missionaries 
were selected to labour. And whatever praise may be given to 
their more robust co-labourers, they, as the weaker vessels, are 



2/2 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

deserving of more especial honour, who, so far as they were per- 
mitted, have emphasised the zeal and devotedness of their 
sterner companions. 

At present both the Single Sisters' and the Widows' houses 
are fully occupied, but the Diaconies being long since given up, 
the industrial activity of the choirs is less apparent, and probably 
confined within more personal and semi-domestic limits. One 
might well imagine that those whom these buildings are intended 
to accommodate, could not possibly desire a more quiet, har- 
monious, and perfect refuge from worldly storms than is to be 
found in the quaint interiors and beautiful surroundings of their 
peaceful abodes. 

Of the ministers and congregation-helpers (these last were 
general superintendents of all the Societies in the district, and 
ex-officio presidents of all choir and other meetings) but little has 
been related, nor will it be possible to do more than mention the 
names of a few, this being but a sketch and not a history of the 
place. 

The Count Donha occupied this post in 1768, and in the 
following year attended the Synod at Marienborm. 1788, the 
Rev. John Miller was the minister, succeeded in 1791 by Stcin- 
haur, already mentioned. 1797, Rev. John Hartley honourably 
fulfilled the duties, followed, 1801, by Rev. Saml. Benade, a man 
of some eminence. 181 3, C. F. Ramftler held the appointment 
for some years. 

Holmes, Wilson, Smith, Essex, and Edwards, succeeded 
during the following years to 1852, when the Rev. J. P. Libby 
received this high and sacred call. This gentleman held the 
office for 13 years, during which time he earned the respect and 
reverence which were due to his personal merits as well as his 
holy calling. He died at a ripe old age in 1865, and was buried 
in the ground at Fulneck. 

The Rev. Godfrey Clemens was the next in order, being 
ordained to this place in the same year, where he remained until 
his removal to London in 1 881, thus discharging the multifarious 
duties of the ministry here for 16 years. Perhaps it would not 
be saying too much, to state that no predecessor of his at Ful- 
neck ever succeeded to a greater extent in gaining the goodwill 
and respect of the neighbouring churches than he. His kindly, 
gentle, unassuming manners, favourably impressed all with 
whom he came in contact ; and not infrequently was he 
requested to take part in the religious services of other denomi- 
nations in the township. His tall, slender figure, and general 



REV. GODFREY CLEMENS. 273 

Christian deportment, are remembered by many ; neither will 
the meek yet earnest accents of his slightly toned foreign tongue 
be forgotten by the present generation. He carried the savour 
of his Master's spirit into all the outer acts of his life. 

Yet if all be true we have heard, there was a vein of quiet 
humour within him, like the thin white layer of the onyx. Thus 
it is said that at a religious meeting over which he was presiding, 




Rev. Godfrey Clemens. 

a good Methodist, formerly well-known and much esteemed in 
this neighbourhood for his piety and zeal — was present, who 
could not restrain his usual exclamations of Amen ! Glory, etc. 
The good minister bore this strange interruption patiently for a 
while, but at last was constrained to interpose by saying, in his 
own quiet way, " If our good brother is poorly he had better go 
out." 



2/4 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

He was born in South Africa, May ist, 1818, his father 
having gone to that mission field with the Rev. C. I. La Trobe, 
in 181 5. He was the third of the name, his grandfather and 
great grandfather, both called Gothfri^d, or Godfrey, being dis- 
tinguished members of the Brethren's Church during the previous 
80 years. After an early training at home, where he was " a 
good child," he was sent in 1825 with his older brother to Europe 
for education. Their destination was in Saxony, and here he 
stayed for five years, being then removed to a more important 
academy at Nisky, where he pursued his studies till 1836. His 
first visit to Fulneck was at Christmas, 1839. It was eight years 
later when he received a call to Fulneck as Brethren's labourer, 
and in the following year he was chosen to represent the 
Congregation at the General Synod of the Brethren's Church. 
His labour for this time terminated at the end of three years. It 
was here, however, that he was ordained a Presbyter by Bishop 
Rogers, July 3rd, 1853. 

After appointments at Baildon, Wyke, and Dublin, he came 
to Fulneck, as stated, in 1865, being greatly encouraged in doing 
so by " the manifestations of brotherly love and Christian regard 
for Br. and Sr. Libby, who served Fulneck in the gospel, for the 
past 13 years." 

Having been elected a member of the Provincial Elders' 
Conference in 1881, he removed to London. "A special 
valedictory tea party and public meeting were held in Fulneck 
on Monday, Oct. loth, and a handsome presentation was made 
to him and Sr. Clemens." His health, however, had been 
gradually declining, and not long after his arrival in London 
utterly broke down, When told that his end was near, he 
calmly replied " I am ready," and departed " to be with Christ," 
March 15th, 1882. A full and interesting account of his life is 
published in a tract by Messrs, Hazell and Co., London. 

The Rev. J. Baxter is the present esteemed minister of the 
Congregation, he having succeeded Mr. Clemens in 1881. It 
would be impertinent further to remark, than that the high 
character of the Fulneck ministry is fully upheld in his hands, 
and that his own personality is not likely to take anything from 
the halo of pure light which encircles the memory of his pre- 
decessors. 

The last of these brief notices shall be that of a man in quite 
another walk of life, who although holding a professional appoint- 
ment in the congregation was neither minister,director,nor teacher. 
We refer to the late Dr. Falcon, a man who for many years went 



JAMES MONTGOMERY. 



275 



about, day and night, doing good. His plain unpretentious person 
was as well known at this end of the township as that of anyone 
in the place ; and his services were as promptly rendered at the 
call of the humble, as in the homes of the well-to-do. Unosten- 
tatious to a fault, he was kindly and generous to the patients who 
needed his sympathy, while perchance somewhat abrupt with 
others. He did not marry until quite late in life, July 13th, 1871, 
and a few years after removed from here to Boden, the home of 
his childhood, where he died, leaving two children ; his wife 
having only a brief time before preceded him to the grave. 




Quite a host of eminent and distinguished men have in one 
way or other been in contact with Fulneck ; many have already 
been named : — James Montgomery, the son of a missionary, was 
educated there. His patriotic spirit, his poetic talents, and his 
powers as a journalist, won him a nam.e which was known and 
admired to the ends of the earth. The author of this little history 
has often seen his rather diminutive figure, enveloped in a long 
Spanish cloak, in the streets of Sheffield, more than 30 years ago^ 



276 HISTORY OF PUDSEY. 

His poem on prayer is a household word, and can never die 
while the soul of man recognises its dependence upon God. 
Although of a true catholic spirit, his heart was bound to this 
hallowed spot, nor did he fail on many occasions to visit and take 
part in the occasional services of the congregation of which he 
continued a member, even when residing so far away. 

Edwin Atherstone and John Edwards were also educated 
here, both of them poets of no mean repute. Among the visitors 
have been the celebrated Dr. Chalmers ; the renowned and 
eminent philanthropist, Wilberforce ; the great champion of the 
factory children, Richard Oastler, who was a pupil in the school, 
and was present as a speaker at the Cent. Jubilee in 1855. This 
honourable list might be much extended, but it is sufficient to 
indicate the scope and results of the school training, and also the 
wide-spread interest that is felt far beyond the limits of the 
settlement in its old and influential economy. 

It is mentioned in the early part of this sketch that the 
Brethren were accused of disloyalty, let us justify them by one 
or two extracts from their Diaries — 

June 4th, 1 81 8. We remembered also in our prayers our aged and venerable 
King (George III.), who to day has completed his Both year. Again, Dec. 8th, 
l8i8. This being the day appointed for the interment of our late Queen, whose decease 
took ]5lace the 7th ult-, we met at 7 in the chapel to express our sympathy with the 
Royal Family ; and to apply the mournful subject to serious meditations on our 
mortality. 

One of the periodic seasons of distress in Ireland arising 
from the potato disease is referred to in the following, and helps 
to illustrate how far the natives of that country have been 
oppressed by their Saxon neighbours. 

July 14th, 1822. After the pul^lic service, the present distresses of the Irish 
peasantry, which have chiefly arisen from the failure of two potatoe crops, and have 
reduced many thousands to a state of starvation, were commended to the charitable 
consideration of the congregation ; and on the following day a collection was made, 
in this view, by application from house to house. The voluntary contributions in all 
parts of England for this purpose already amount to between two and three hundred 
thousand pounds. 

While these sheets are passing through the press a service 
of much interest has j'ust taken place in that hallowed sanctuary 
which has witnessed so many during the 140 years of its existence. 
On Sunday evening. May ist, 1887, the chapel was filled with a 
reverent and mixed audience, — many members of the congre- 
gations in the town being present, to witness the ceremony of 
ordination, administered by the venerable Bishop England, who 
conducted the whole service, and delivered the charge. The text 
was appropriate, " And daily in the temple, and in every 



ORDINATION SERVICE. 



277 



house they ceased not to teach and to preach the Lord Jesus." 
The address was dehvered with much unction and force, and 
evidently with a deep sense of the responsibility attached to the 
work of the ministry. At the conclusion of the charge, which was 
given from a chair below the pulpit, the Bishop, who wore a long 
white surplice, advanced, and laying his hands successively upon 
the heads of the candidates, pronounced over each the form of 
ordination. The subjects were three in number : — the first, the 
Rev. Frederick Clemens, son of the late G. Clemens ; he also 
wore a white surplice, and was now ordained a presbyter in the 
Church, the Bishop saying over him, 'T' ordain thee Frederick 
Clemens to be a presbyter in the Church of the United Brethren, 
in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost," 
etc. Mr. Clemens has laboured for several years in the West 
Indies, and is shortly to return thither ; having been recently 
appointed a member of the Board of Directors for those islands. 
There were two others who, in ordinary dress, were, in exactly 
the same manner, bowing themselves under the hands of the 
Bishop, inducted into the office of Deacons : the only variation 
being that the word deacon was used instead of presbyter. The 
names of these two were, Paul A. Assmussen, and Henry England 
a son of the Bishop's. A short anthem, with the congregation 
kneeling, and a verse or two sung standing, with the ordinary 
benediction, concluded this most interesting and profitable 
service. 




APPENDICES. 



rUDSEY BILL OF HEARTHS, 1666. 

PUDSEY LAND TAX, 1704. 

OWNERS OF LAND IN TUDSEY. 

CHURCH AND CHAPEL WARDENS FOR PUDSEY. 

OVERSEERS OF THE POOR. 

SURVEYORS OF THE HIGHWAYS FOR PUDSEY. 

INVENTORY OF WILDEN'S GOODS. 



APPENDIX I. 



Lay Subsidies. Yorkshire, W.R. No. 210 and 394. 



Hearth Tax. 



West rideing. 
Com. Ebord. 



Mr. Copley's bookc witth 

3 more 
to bee returned .... 
The names of the persons, with the number of their Harths 
for Lady Day, 1666, within the Weapontake of Agbrigg and 
Morley. 

Pudsey Bill of Harths. 



Folio 6 [ . 


H 




Robai-t Milner 


••• 5 


Mich, ffenton ... 


James Saile 


.. 7 


John Ward 


Joseph Holdsworth 


... 2 


Thom. Mitchell 


Uxorlloldsworth 


... 1 


John Gaunt 


Thorn. Huthinson 


... 2 


John Gaunt, junior 


Abra. Hutchmson 


... 2 


Dan. Gaunt 


Hump. Hutchinson 


... I 


Thom. Baines ... 


James Pooley 


... I 


Henry Belhouse 


Wilhn. Wilson 


... 4 


Willm. Hey ... 


Willm. Child 


... I 


Jerem. Crabtree 


Rich. Lee 


... 2 


John Galloway... 


Uxor Whittaker 


... I 


Thom. Musgrave 


Gabriell Dodgson 


... I 


Sam. Lumby .. , 


John Dighton 


... I 


Willm. Wise ... 


Ffranc Walker 


... I 


Sara. Calverley... 


Robt. Lumby ... 


... I 


Willm. Smith ... 


Willm. Jenkinson 


... 2 


Rich. Gaunt 


Willm. Stables 


... I 


Rich. Lobley ... 


Willm. Atkinson 


... 4 


Sam. Gaunt 


John Wilson 


... 2 


Chri. Whitley . . . 


Timoth. Calverley 


... I 


Willm. Lumby... 


Steph. Wainwright 


... I 


James Gaunt ... 


Thorn. Buterfield 


... 2 


John Townes ... 


Thom. Bean 


.. I 


James Lepton . . . 


John Lee 


... I 


Rich, ffether . . . 


Uxor Chapman 


... 2 


Willm. Hall ... 


Rich. Crossley 


... I 


Thom. Turner ... 



II. 
I 

2 
I 
2 
I 
I 
I 
2 
2 
2 
2 
I 
2 
I 
2 
I 
2 

4 
I 
I 
2 
I 
I 
I 
2 
2 
I 



28o APPENDIX. 






H. 


II. 


Mich. Ryley 


I Willm. Moore 


I 


Chr. Carter 


.. I Abra. Hainsworth 


.. 2 


Edw. Hinchliffe 


.. 2 John Netleton 


I 


Jerom. Dighton 


.. I Jrlenry Netleton 


.. 2 


Rich. Jenkinson 


.. 4 Dorathy Gaunt 


.. I 


Uxor Gargrave... 


I Abra. Handvvorth 


I 


John Lee 


.. I Willm. Moss 


•■ 3 


John Smith 


.. 3 Robt. Burnell 


.. 2 


Elkajiah Wales 


.. 4 Uxor. Hurst 


I 


WiUm. Gallaway 


.. 2 Thorn. .Siser 


.. 2 


Edw. Smith 


.. 2 Robt. Sugden 


I 


Sam. Goodall ... 


. . 2 Tim. Elsworth 


3 


Josh. Lmnby ... 


.. 2 Willm. Wainewright ... 


I 


Thirston W'ilden 


2 Joseph Bower ... 


.. 2 


Henry Akeroyde 


.. 2 Willm. Gelder 


.. 2 


John Proctor ... 


.. 2 Thom. Archer ... 


1 


John Hey 


2 Joseph Thackray 


I 


John Goodall 


I \^ illm. Sugden . . 


I 


John Fenton 


. . I John Sharpe 


I 


Peter Pigersgill... 


.. I Willm. Lee 


I 


Willm. Rudd 


I Willm. Lee, jun. 


I 


Willm. Lepton 


.. 3 Uxor Ditch 


I 


Abra. ffarrer 


.. I Edwa. Dawson 


I 


Rich, ffarrer 


I Rich. Gaunt 


.. I 


James Pearson ... 


I Rich. Sugden ... 


r 


Robt. .Squire ... 


I Edw. Payson ... 


I 


Anth. Alderson 


I 




Sam. Stables 


I 


176 



APPENDIX II. 



PUDSEY Land Tax for the year 1704, at 4/- in y, 



Mr. John Milner 

William and John Moss, for Sharp and Shoolabroads 

James Fenton ... 

VVm. Hutchinson 

Abm. do. 

Michael Riley, for Mr. Walker lands 

Richard Farrer, for Swaine land 

John Wilson ... 

Widow Wilson 6/l, and for Jordan Royds 13/6 

Widow Heigham 

Matthew Moss, for the Hall Royds .. 

Robert Lumby 

William Lumby, for Mr. Whittaker land 

Widow Mosse... 

John Cromack 

Matthew Mosse, for Hollingworth land 

Joseph Pearson, for Mr. Milner's land 

William Fenton, for Swaine land ... 

Do. do. and Richard Ingham, for Wilding land 

William Stables or occupiers... 



poun 


d. 




£ 


s. 


d. 


2 


14 


2 


I 


3 








4 


6 





6 


I 





4 


I 


012 


6 


I 


II 








4 


7 





19 


7 





7 


8 





12 


9 





4 


7 





13 


6 


I 


4 


6 





16 








12 


3 


3 


I 


3 





II 


6 





8 


6 





13 


8 



ArPENDIX. 281 



John Chapman 

Sarah Mitchel 

William Farrer, Junr. 

William Jenkinson and Mr. Eminson, for occupiers 

Joseph Gant, for Mr. Milner land 

and for Swaine land 
Henry Belhouse 

Widow Smith and William Banks, for Mr. Gibson's land 
Edward Harrison, for Mr. Gibson land 
William Lumby, for Gibson land ... 
Thomas Dean .. ... ... ... ... 

Thomas Buckton 

Edward Kent, for Mr. Watkinson land 

and for his owne land 

John Mitchell 

Thomas HoUingworth, for Mr. Milbland ... 
James Pearson, for the Croft 
John Lobley 

John Rudd, for Mr. Milner land 

and for his owne land ... 
William Farrer, for Mr. Butler land 
John Gant 
John Pearson ... 
James Pearson... 
Joseph Atkinson 
Cawtheray Farme 
James Taylor ... 
Peter Turner ... 
James Coates ... 
Samuel and Jerrie W^aterworth, for Lepton land 

Widow Marshall 

John Hutchinson 
Joshua Wliitley 
Abraham Hainsworth .. 

Widow Nettleton 

Francis Warburton ,.. 

William Belhouse 

Wm. Mosse, for Atkinson house 

and for his own land ... 
John Hey and for Mr. Milner land ... 

William Whitley 

John Thornton 

Jeremiah Raistrick 

Thomas HoUin worth, for Purdue land 

Josias Booth ... 

Occupiers of Musgrave land 

Robert Burnill 

Christopher Whitley and Josias Booth 

John Hey, for his own land ... 

Samuel Lumby, for Watson land 

and for his own land 
Edward Harrison, for Lepton land 
Japheth Atkinson for do. 

George Longley, for Mr. Milner land 

and for his own 
William HoUingworth land ... 
Samuel Hinscliff ... ... .,. ... ., ... 



£ 


s. 


d. 





4 


I 





2 








9 


2 





12 


3 





12 


3 





14 








6 


I 


I 


6 


6 


I 


3 


6 





11 


6 





12 








8 


6 





16 








5 


6 


2 


2 








12 


3 





6 


4 





15 


4 





13 


9 





10 








4 


I 





4 


7 





12 


■^ 






2 


3 





2 


3 





4 


7 





9 


2 





14 


3 





IS 


4 


I 


4 








5 


6 





6 


7 





9 


2 


I 


4 





I 





6 


I 


I 





I 


5 








4 


6 


I 


I 





I 


13 


8 





9 








I 


6 





2 


6 





12 





I 


6 








1 1 


3 





'3 


9 


I 


7 


6 


I 


5 








7 


6 





7 





I 


6 








16 





I 


9 


I 





4 


7 


3 


16 


6 


I 


iS 


9 



282 



APPENDIX. 



Japheth Atkinson and William Lumby 

Robert Ililhouse, for Shay Royds ... 

John Lumby, for Mr. Heyland 

John Jonson, or Occupiers ... 

William IloUingworth, for Strickland house 

Samuel Lumby and Joshua Nailer, for ye Quarrels 

Occupiers of ye Tithe 

Samuel Hilhouse 

William Banks... 

Widow Smith ... 

John Lumby, for his own land 

William Luml:)y, senr. 

Joshua Lumljy 

Richard Farrer, for his own land 

and for Christopher Dufton land 
Richard Farrer, for Bastow Ing 

and for Kellite land 
and for Wm. Fenton house 
William Watson, for Scaubert land 
Matthew Mosse, for his own land 
William Lee ... 
William Shaw 

Thomas Hollingworth, for Dick Royds 
Occupiers of Tyrsall ... 
Richard Farrer, junr. ... 
William Lumby, for his own land 
John Wilson, for Moss land ... 
Henry Belhouse and Thomas Buckton, for Mr. Whitaker 
William Williamson ... 
Mr. Nutter, for his own farm .. 
Mr. Hutton and Mr. Sharpe, for Eastfield and low groun 

and for Shay Royds ... 
John Gant and William Swaine, for Toby Farrer land 
William Farrer, for Swain land 

Do. for ye Over and Nether Ing 

William Farrer, junr. ... 

and for Thomas Royds 

and for Long Close 

and for Galway land 
William Hollingworth, for Lepton land 
John Crombock, for do. 

Matthew Moss, for Toft 
James Constantine, or occupier 
Thomas Banks 

Timothy Wilson 

James Hinscliffe, or occupiers 

James Hainworth 

Josiah Gant, for Lepton house 

Mr. Milner, for ye Tithe 

Matthew Moss, for Snowden Tenement 



land 



Total 



£ 


s. 


d. 


I 


3 





o 


3 


8 


o 


15 


4 


o 


5 


6 


o 


2 





o 


19 





o 


12 





o 


2 





o 


I 


6 





7 


6 


I 


II 


6 


o 


7 


6 


o 


15 





o 


15 


10 


o 


6 


I 


o 


2 


6 


o 


4 


7 





I 


6 


o 


8 








9 





o 


15 





o 


3 





o 


6 





.. 14 


16 


5k 


o 


4 


7 


o 


6 





o 


2 





o 


7 


6 


o 


I 





I 


14 


10 


I 


15 


4 


o 


15 


6 


o 


7 


8 


o 


7 


6 


o 


7 


6 


o 


10 


6 


o 


6 





o 


4 


6 


o 


10 


6 


1 


2 





I 


9 





o 


4 


6 


o 


3 





o 


2 





o 


I 


6 


o 


I 





o 


3 


6 


o 


I 


6 


o 








o 



15 





£10^ 


2 



Richard Farrer, ) 
John Lobley, ) 



Assessors. 



William Farrer J. CoUcc/ors. 

John Lumby, of Stanmngley,) 



APPENDIX. 

APPENDIX III. 



283 



Owners of Land in Pudsey. 

In the "Domesday Book," published by Government in 
1876, or "A Return of Owners of Land of England and 
Wales, 1873," appear the names of the following freehold land- 
owners in Pudsey who own one acre and upwards. The total 
number of owners of land in the West Riding is 17,417 ; extent 
of lands, 1,519,119 acres, 3 roods, 13 perches; owners having 
less than one acre, 59,496; extent of lands, 13,226 acres, i rood, 
5 perches; total owners, 76,913. Population in 1871, 1,874,611. 
Inhabited houses, 391,949 ; number of parishes, 689. Population 
in Pudsey in 1871, 13,976; area of township in acres, 2,545 acres, 
2 roods, 30 perches. 



Name of Owner. 

Armitage, George 
Armitage, John 
Bank [s], Joseph 
Banks, Thomas 
Barraclough, John 
Beaumont, George 
Beaumont, Henry 
Beaumont, Joseph 
Beaumont, Nancy 
Beer, J. T. 
Bennet, William . 
Blackburn, Joseph. 
Boocock, Emanuel. 
Boocock, Isaac 
Boocock, William . 
Boys, Edwaid 
Burial Board of Pudsey 
Butler, Mrs. 
Butterfield, George 
Camello, Henry M. 
Carr, Henry 
Carter, William 
Cawthery, Joseph ... 
Clarkson, William... 
Clayton, James H. 
Cooper, Hannah 
Cooper, Mary Ann 
Crowther, Ann 
Crowther, Benjamin 
Crowther, Hannah 
Crowther, John 

Crowther, John B 

Crowther, Thomas.,. 



E.\tent 


of Lands 


A. 


R. I'. 


2 


I 20 


I 





2 


2 37 


7 


2 23 


2 


3 7 


2 


28 


5 


2 3 


3 


I 31 


3 


1 7 


2 


2 2 


I 


3 9 


2 


23 


10 


2 3 


2 


3 t) 


2 


3 6 


2 


2 23 


XI 


I 24 


7^ 


6 


15 


9 


2 


I 10 


20 


I 25 


2 


3 23 


9 


3 I 


10 


I 14 


9 


I 28 


I 





6 


I 12 


I 


2 21 


8 


2 3 


4 


3 37 


3 


4 


6 


3 4 


34 


3 24 





Gross 


E.S 


tiniated 


R 


ental. 


£ 


s. 


d. 


7 


6 





2 


18 





8 


12 





27 


2 





7 


10 





6 


7 





15 


15 





1 1 


9 





8 








7 


1 1 





5 


16 





6 


13 





28 


12 





7 


7 





7 


7 





8 


'7 





31 


13 





121 


5 





25 


14 





6 


9 





50 


2 





54 








31 


14 





17 


16 





29 


6 





3 








15 


13 





4 


3 





23 


2 





13 


10 





9 


6 





19 


II 





94 


2 






284 AP 


PENDIX. 






Gross 


Name of Owner. 


Extent 


of Laids. 


Estimated 
Rental. 




A. 


R. P. 


.^ 


s. d. 


Dawson, John 


9 


2 2 


26 


S 


Duckett, Richard ... 


... no 


10 


151 


13 


Dufton, Matthew ... 


I 


3 25 


4 


10 


Falcon, John [Thomas], Fuhieck 


... 23 


I 23 


25 


18 


Farrar, William 


9 





33 


15 


Farrar, Charles 


I 


27 


3 


13 


Farrar, Edwin 


5 


I 30 


14 


19 


Farrar, Frederick ... 


22 


2 12 


60 


4 


Farrar, John C. 


3 


2 29 


12 


15 


Farrar, Joshua 


5 


I 31 


14 


19 


Gas Company 


5 


10 


14 


8 


Gaunt, Charles 


I 


2 7 


5 





Gaunt. Joshua 


I 


3 36 


6 


I 


Glover, William 


4 


3 8 


12 


18 


Goodhall, Thomas... 


2 


2 27 


9 


4 


Gott, Henry 


2 


5 12 


6 


5 


Graham, Henry John [Rev.] 


... 40 


3 21 


171 


II 


Grayshon, Joseph .. 


4 


3 20 


12 


14 


Greenwood, Alfred 


9 


3 


23 


13 


Harris, John 


9 


3 


23 


16 


Harris, William 


9 


3 


23 


16 


Hepworth, B. 


•■ ^5 


2 9 


18 


IS 


Hepworth, Joshua ... 


... 17 


I 21 


20 


13 


Hinchliffe, Nancy ... 


2 


I 20 


7 


15 


Hinchliffe, Samuel... 


4 


3 8 


13 


8 


Hinings, George ... 


I 


2 10 


6 


3 


Hinings, John Asquith 


4 


2 27 


13 


13 


Hinings, Joseph Edward 


2 


I 2 


7 


7 


Hodgson, J., Exors. 


7 


2 24 


49 





Hudson, Richard 


2 


I 31 


6 


8 


Huggan, Esther 


I 





3 


5 


Huggan, William 


I 


3 20 


6 


5 


Hutchinson, David 


7 


I 31 


24 


17 


Hutchinson, Willianr 


... 17 


12 


52 


II 


Jefferson, William 


... 38 


12 


So 


9 


Jones, George Andrew 


II 


10 


36 


18 


Latimer, Thomas 


3 


2 8 


ID 


19 


Lobley, John, Exors. 


3 


3 22 


33 


3 


Lobley, Martha 


5 


38 


13 


19 


Lumby, George 


3 


I 10 


8 


9 


Lumby, William ... 


8 


22 


22 


14 


Maude, William 


2 


I 3 


7 


12 


Merritt, Samuel A. 


3 


2 20 


10 


17 


Merritt, William ... 


2 


2 


7 


12 


Mill, Allenbrig 


4 


I 3 


II 


13 


,, Claughton Garth 


14 


2 n 


41 


3 


„ Gibraltar 


20 


I 18 


40 


I 


„ Cliff-e 


5 


2 25 




'5 


,, Crawshaw 


6 


2 10 


17 


15 


,, Priestley 


14 


2 30 


4i 


7 


,, New Worsted Co. 


4 


2 29 


13 


4 


,, Union 


6 


3 23 


iS 


II 


,, Waterloo 


4 


I 38 


12 


6 


Mortimer. Emanuel 


9 


3 21 


25 


10 


Moss, Charles 


I 


2 36 


4 


19 



Name of Owner. 

Moss, George 

Musgrave, Hannah 

Musgrave, John 

Musgrave, William 

Naylor, David 

Nelson, W. E. (Fulneck Estate) 

Newell, James 

Northrop, Joseph .. 

Norton, William ... 

Overseers of the Poor 

Parkinson, John ... 

Pearson, Charles ... 

Peel, Joseph 

Trustees^Poor 

Trustees— J. Procter 

Procter, Mary 

Procter, Samuel 

Procter, Thomas ... 

Eayner, Mary 

Rayner, Catherine 

Rayner, Misses 

Rider, John 

Ryley, J oseph 

Salter, Robert 

Scales, W. D. 

Schofield, John 

Scott, George 

Sharp, Annie 

Sharp, Emanuel B. 

Spencer, Ann 

Spencer, George ... 

Spencer, Robert ... 

Spencer, Thomas ... 

Stead, Thomas 

Stocks, Joseph 

Strickland, Adam .. 

Threapleton, George 

Threapleton, Mary 

Tunnicliffe, Esther M. 

Tunnicliffe, Matthew 

Varley, Apolmah (Stanningley) 

Varley, Harold P. ,, 

Varley, Samuel ,, 

Wade, Mary 

Wade, Matthew ... 

Wade, Samuel 

Wade, William 

Walker and Huggans 

Walker, Benjamin ... 

Walker, John 

Walker, Joseph 

Watkinson, James ... 

Wheater, Ezra 

Whitfield, John ... 

Wilcock, Samuel ... 



APPENDIX. 






285 

Gross 


Extent of Lands. 


Estimated 






Rental 


A. 


R. P. 


£ 


s. d. 


I 


I 2 


4 


I 


8 


2 23 


>3 


15 


3 


3 13 


8 


10 


4 


2 


9 





I 


3 36 


6 


8 


116 


3 30 


.. 285 


15 


2 


I 14 


7 


16 


2 


I II 


7 


10 


2 


2 4 


8 


12 


I 


I I 


3 





4 


3 30 


13 


8 


I 


18 


3 


4 


6 


29 


II 


18 


4 


3 2 


13 


6 


7 


iS 


16 





2 





5 


iG 


2 


2 3 


7 


10 


I 


3 16 


5 


II 


6 


3 


19 


3 


6 


4 


19 


3 


i6 


2 27 


45 





4 


30 


12 





2 


3 14 


7 


17 


2 


3 13 


9 


3 


2 


3 12 


9 


3 


II 


« 37 


27 


17 


2 


I 20 


7 





20 


3 2S 


75 


I 


3 


I 36 


1 1 


14 


8 


3 ^ 


24 


3 


2 


2 28 


7 


10 


3 


31 


9 


8 


9 


I 19 


23 


18 


8 


3 


12 


6 


3 


2 18 


II 


14 


3 


27 


9 


10 


4 


I 9 


1 1 





I 


I 


2 


17 


I 


27 


• ■ 3 


7 


2 


2 5 


8 


II 


5 


3 7 


80 


16 


33 


I 36 


67 


4 


95 


2 32 


277 


19 


5 


I 9 


14 


15 


7 


2 18 


20 


10 


12 


30 


36 


14 


I 


16 


4 


19 


8 


28 


370 


10 


I 


31 


3 


I 


I 


3 15 


5 


6 


I 


2 26 


4 


12 


5 


17 


II 





I 


00 


2 


18 


4 


II 


II 


10 


6i 


I 10 


19 


3 



286 

Name of Owner. 

Wilson, Joseph 
Wilson, Rev. R. ... 
Womersley, Daniel 
Womersley, George 
Womersley, Henry 
Womersley, Richard 
Womersley, Richd., Junr. 
Womersley, William 



APPENDIX. 



Extent of Land. 



9 2 25 

I I 25 

I I o 

4 I 30 

27 o 7 

18 2 15 

8 o 25 

18 T. 16 



Gross 

Estimated 

Rental. 

£ s. d. 

24 9 O 

380 

9 18 
91 5 

42 18 

17 7 

42 8 



APPENDIX IV. 



16S3 Abm. Hainsvvorth, Jonathan 

Crowder 

***** 

1686 Edward Kent, Wm. ffarrer 

1687 Samuel Lumby, William Lee 

1688 John Smith, Jere. Wilson 

1689 William Mosse, William Child 

1690 Thomas Lee, William Harrow 

1 69 1 Joshua Lumby, John Bower 

1692 William Lumby, Ed. Harrison 

1693 Joshua Lumby, John Cromack 

1694 John Hey, jun., William ffarrer 

■Jf- ^ # ^fr 4fr 

1701 Jno. Hutchinson, Richd. Sugden 



* * * 



Church and Chapel Wardens for Pudsey Township. 

1606 John Crosley, Thomas Whitley 
***** 

1608 William Gaunte, James Saill 

1609 Wm, fiarrowe, Edwd. Holds- 

worth, or Wm. Dawson ? 

1 610 William Lepton 

***** 

1628 Richard Smith, Wm. Stables, 

or John Elsworth ? 
***** 

1633 James Lepton, Edwd. Sizer, or 

Wm. Denby 
***** 

1640 Rowland Milner, John Wilson 
***** 

1663 "Mr. John Smith," "Josua 

Lumby " 

1664 John Nettleton, Thos. Archer 

1665 Wm. Jenkinson, Wm. Mosse 

1666 John Hey, Thos. Butterfield 

1667 Wm. Wilson, Richd. Gaunt 

1668 Thos. Hutchinson, Stephen 

Stout 

1669 Samuel Lumby, Thos. Leigh 

1670 John Wilson, William Lepton 

1 67 1 Richard ffarrer, Thos. Syzer 

1672 Thos. Milner, Cuthbert Leigh 

1673 GabrielDodgson, Daniel Ciaunt 

1674 Samuel Stables, Thos. Watter- 

worth 

1675 Mr. Jno. Purdy, Joshua Lumby 

1676 Richd. Lobley, Wm. Atkinson 

1677 Wm. Rudd, Robert Lumby 

1678 Jeremiah Crabtree, Jno. Wilson 

1679 William Lumby, John Kent 

1680 James Pierson, Jonas Bower 

168 1 Wm. Hall, Abm. Hutchinson 

1682 Jose Holdsworth, Stephen 

Stoute 



1709 
1710 
1711 
1712 

1713 

1714 

1715 
1716 
1717 
1718 
1719 

1721 
1722 



1745 
1754 

1767 
176:5 



William Banks, Samuel Hillas 

John Holdsworth, Ric. Farrer 

Henry Hillas, Abm. Hutchinson 

Henry Sugden, Richard Lee 

Samuel ffarrer, Wm. Swaine 

Josh. Rayner, Jno. Hutchinson 

"Wm. Atkinson, Wm. ffarrer 

Wm. Atkinson, Joshua Sugden 

Henry Bellas, Jeremy Scott 

Samuel Hillas, James Taylor 

Samuel Hillas, James Taylor 
***** 

William Banks, Samuel Mosse 
Benj. ffarrer, Thomas Dean, or 

John Gill 

***** 

Samuel Moss, Joshua Farrer 
***** 

John Farrer, John Hartley 
***** 

•Saml. Hinchliffe, J. Pearson 
Wm. Boys, John Brooksbank 



1771 Wm. Moss, T. Johnson 



APPENDIX. 



287 



772 John Carr, John Newsom 

773 Saml. Cromack, Geo. Langley 

774 John Newsom, John Carr 

775 Benj. Asquith, Richard Moun- 

tain, Wm. Dodgson 

776 Wm. Munton, Geo. Langley 

* * * * * 

779 Wm. Dodgson, John Lumby 

780 James Heckler, Saml. Johnson, 

Jos. Crowther 

78 1 Jos. Crowther, Saml. Johnson 

782 John Turner, James Heckler 

783 John Turner, James Heckler 

784 James Heckler, Jonathan Gaunt 

785 James Heckler, Jonathan Gaunt 

* * * * * 

7S7 S. Farrer i'th' Lane, Wm. Dean 

788 vSamuel Farrer, Wm. Dean 

789 John Gaunt 

***** 

791 Samuel Farrer, Samuel Banks 

792 Samuel Farrer, Samuel Banks 

793 Jeremiah Crowther, John 

Muschamp 

***** 

802 John Carr, Joshua Whitfield 
***** 

806 Richard Farrer, John Lister 

807 Richard Farrer, John Lister 

808 John Balme, Richard Farrer 

809 Thomas Fairfax Carlisle, John 

Farrer 

810 Wm. Hodgson, Thomas Banks 

811 Thos. Banks, John Halliday 

***** 

814 George Beaumont, J. Drake 

815 John Halliday, George Scott 

816 George Scott, John Webster 

817 John Webster, John Dean, or 

George Scott 

818 Benj. Dean, John Webster 

819 Richard Farrer, James Sharp 

820 Richard Farrer, John Balme 

821 Richard Farrer, Josh. Armitage 

822 Joshua Armitage, J. Hutchinson 

823 Jas. Hutchinson, Wm. Denison 

824 Wm. Denison, Wm. Boys 

825 Wm. Denison, Wm. Boys 

826 Henry Simons, Robt. Parkinson 

827 Henry Simons, Robt. Parkinson 

828 Henry Simons, Robt. Parkinson 

829 Henry Simons, Robt. Parkinson 

830 Samuel Sharp, John Hutchinson 

831 Samuel Sharp, Samuel Scarth 

832 Samuel Sharp, Samuel Scarth 

833 Samuel Sharp, Samuel Scarth 

834 Joseph Rayner,Joseph Musgrave 

835 Joseph Ra}Tier, John Farrer 



1836 John Farrer, Wm. Beaumont 

1837 John Farrer, Wm. Beaumont 

1838 Ric. Fred. Farrer, Edward Binks 

1839 Richd. Fred. Farrer, Edward 

Binks 

1840 Benj. Troughton, Wm. Hains- 

worth 

1841 Benj. Troughton, Wm. Hains- 

worth 
1S42 John Farrer (Lowtown), Joshua 
Harrison 

1843 Samuel Field, Joseph Walker 

1844 John Baker, Samuel Field, and 

Wm. Hutchinson 
1S45 John Farrer (Grove House), 
John Baker 

1846 John Parkinson, James Walker 

1847 Abm. Armitage, jun., John 

Halliday 

1848 Abm. Armitage, jun., John 

Halliday 

1849 Joseph Banks (Chapeltown), 

Thos. Waterhouse 

1850 Joseph Banks (Chapeltown), 

Thos. Waterhouse 

1 85 1 John Parkinson, Wm. Huggan 

1852 John Rayner, John Crowther 
1^53 John Rayner, John Crowther 

1854 Jas. Beaumont, Joseph Rayner 

1855 Samuel G. Gamble, Joshua 

Machill 

1856 T. M. Tunnicliffe, Jonathan 

Clarkson 

1857 T. M. Tunnicliffe, Henry Moore 

1858 J. H. Mitchell, G. Hainsworth 

1859 J. H. Mitchell, G. Hainsworth 
i860 John Halliday, William Farrer 

1861 Wm. Elsworth, John Halliday 

1862 Wm. Merritt, Benj. Troughton 

1863 Wm. Merritt, Benj. Troughton 

1864 Wm. Merritt, Emanl. Boocock 

1865 Wm. Elsworth, Emanl. Boocock 

1866 James Banks, Joshua Gaunt 

1867 James Banks, Joshua Gaunt 

1868 W. H. Greaves, John Keenan 

1869 John Keenan, W. H. Greaves 

1870 \Vm. Elsworth, H. Beaumont 

1871 Henry Beaumont, Wm. Farrer 

1872 Henry Beaumont, Wm. Farrer 

1873 Geo. Armitage, Joseph Driver 

1874 Geo. Armitage, Joseph Driver 

1875 Geo. Armitage, Wm. Maude 

1876 Geo. Armitage, Wm. Maude 

1877 Geo. Armitage, Wm. Maude 

1878 Geo. A. Jones, William Maude 
1S79 Geo. A. Jones, D. Armitage 

1880 Geo. A. Jones, D. Armitage 

1881 Geo. A. Jones, D. Armitage 



288 APPENDIX. 



1882 Henry Beaumont, J. Booth 

1883 Henry Beaumont, J. Booth 

1884 Henry Beaumont, J. Newell 



18S5 Henry Beaumont, J. H. Dawson 

1886 Henry Beaumont, J. H. Dawson 

1887 S. Hyland, W. B. Potts 



APPENDIX V. 



Overseers of the Poor for Pudsey Township. 

Rate per jC 

1743 B. Gaunt, Thos. Johnson, Eli. Pearson, Jo. Elsworth. 
****** 

1765 Mr. Richard Hey, Mr. Samuel Ingham is. 3d. 

1766 Wm. Moss, Wm. Darnbrook. 

1767 Wm. Whitley, Jer. Clifford. 

1768 Trist. Moss, J. Lobley. 

*"***** 

1770 John Hollingworth. 

1771 Jno. Radcliffe, Jno. Balme is. 6d. is. 3d. 

1772 Joseph Lumby, John Atkinson is. lod. 3s. od. 

1773 James Atkinson, Wm. Dean. 

1774 John Farrar, Joshua Farrar. 
"775 Wm. Walker, Jno. Farrar. 

1776 Wm. Farrer, Matthew Farrer. 

1777 Richd. Farrer, John Radcliffe. 

1778 Saml. Boys, John Beaumont. 

1779 Joshua Hargreave, Matthw. Hutchinson. 
17S0 John Lobley, Wm. Banks. 

1781 Thos Pullan, Benj. Roberts. 

1782 Wm. Dodgson, Jerh. Crowtlier. 

1783 Saml. Farrer " o'th Hall," John Lumby. 

1784 Wm. Lumby, Matthew Dufton. 

1785 Matthew Dufton. 

1 786 John Newsom, John Booth. 

1787 Joseph Greave, John Cowper. 

1788 Richd. Womersley, Jos. Crowther, Jas. Harper. 

1 789 Samuel Johnson. 

****** 

1 79 1 James Harrison, Wm. Grave. 

1792 Wm. Cautherey, Joseph Dodgson. 

1793 Samuel Hinchliffe, James Harper, Denis Rider. 

1794 Wm. Mirtield. 

1795 James Barns. 

1796 No entry this year. 

1797 James Hutchinson, Wm. Dean, James Harper. 

1798 Richard Farrer. 

1799 No entry this year. 

1800 Joseph Cooper, John Lobley 

1 80 1 Richard Farrer. 

1802 Benj. Dean. John Crampton. 

1803 W^m. Ellwand, Wm. Dufton. 

1804 Jere. Crowther, Wm. Cautherj-. 

1805 Thos. Rider, Andrew Wade. 
x8o6 Andrew Wade. 

1807 Andrew Wade, Joseph Wilkinson. 



do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 


do. 



APPENDIX. 289 

1808 Wm. Clark, Benj. Seifferth, Jos. Wilkinson. 

1809 J. Drake, Henry Carr, Andrew Wade. 

1810 Henry Carr, Matthew Hainsworth. 

181 1 John Radcliffe, Wm. Stowe (paid). 

1814 Wm. Greaves, Willm. Stowe (paid ;^ioo). 

1815 Jonas Holmes, John Cooper, junr. ; Wm. Stow, collector. 

1 816 John Boys, Samuel Hinchliffe. 

181 7 James Hutchinson, Robt. Parkinson. 

1818 Wm. Boyes, James Stead. 

1 8 19 Benj. Gaunt, John Varley. 

1820 Benj. Brook, Thomas Brayshaw ; Jno, Hutchinson, ast. 

1821 Henry Simons, James Blackburn; J. Hutchinson, ast. 

1822 Wm. Musgrave, James Blackburn ; John Hutchinson, ast. 

1823 Jonn. Tordoff, W^m. Farrer ; J. Hutchinson, ast. 

1824 Henry Carr, Peter Winsor ; J. Hutchinson, ast. 

1825 Wm. Sharpe, John Banks; J. Hutchinson, ast. 6 yrs. 

1826 John Farrer, George Scott. 

1827 William Ellwand, Jos. W^ilkinson, John Farrar ; ast. and coir. pd. /"50. 

1828 John Halliday, Geo. Brooksbank, John Farrar ; 

1829 Peter Hyland, Benj. Braithwaite, John Farrer ; 

1830 Saml. Crowther, John Farrar (Lowtown), John Farrer: 

1831 Joshua Armitage, Samuel Lobley, John Farrer. 

1832 William Beaumont, Edward Greenwood, John Farrer. 
^^33 Joseph Cautheray, Abrm. Flutchinson. 

1834 William Walton, Benj. Troughton. 

1835 John Crowther, Willkim IJster. 

1836 John Crampton, John Hinchlifte, sen. 

1837 Samuel Sharp, Geo. Glover, senr. 

1838 William Denison, John Farrer. 

1839 George Beaumont, John Dawson ; Abrm. Hutchinson. 

1840 John Farrer, Richard Ellwand ; Abrm. Hutchinson. 

1841 John Farrer (Lowtown), Wm. Boys, Tyersall ; Abrm. Hutchinson. 

1842 Samuel Field, Isaac Boocock ; Abrm. Hutchinson. 

1843 Samuel Sharp, William Hutchinson ; Abrm. Hutchinson. 

1844 Wm. Huggan, Samuel Lobley; Ricd. Sutcliffe & John Newell, asts. 

1845 Joshua Harrison, Wm. Huggan ; Ricd. Sutcliffe & John Newell, asts. 

1846 Richd. Womersley (Marsh), Joshua Harrison; Ricd. Sutcliffe & John Newell, asts. 

1847 Richd. Womersley, Joshua Harrison. 

1848 Richd. Womersley, William Procter. 

1849 Richd. Womersley, William Jefferson; Jos. Newell, collector. 

1850 Benj. Wade, James Beaumont ; do. do. 

1 85 1 John Farrar (Grove House), Saml. Varley. 

1852 John Farrer, Saml. Varley. 

1853 Thompson Farrer, Saml. Gaunt Gamble 

1854 Thompson Farrer, Saml. G. Gamble. 

1855 Samuel Sykes, Benj. Troughton. 

1856 Samuel Sykes, Benj. Troughton. 

1857 Samuel Sykes, Benj. Troughton. 

1858 Benj. Troughton, Joseph Banks. 

1859 James Banks, Wm. Shepherd. 
i860 James Beaumont, William Haste. 

1861 William Huggan, Geo. Hainsworth. 

1862 William Fluggan, Geo. Hainsworth. 

1863 William Huggan, Geo. Hainsworth. 

1864 Wm. Huggan, Geo. Hainsworth, James Beaumont. 

1865 Wm. Huggan, G. Hainsworth, James Beaumont. 

1866 Wm. Huggan, Geo. Hainsworth, Jas. Beaumont. 

W 



290 



APPENDIX. 



1867 Wm. Huggan, G. Hainsworth, Jas. Beaumont. 

1868 Wm. Huggan, G. Hainsworth, Jas. Beaumont. 

1869 Wm. Huggan, Richd. Womersley, Emanl. Boocock. 

1870 Rich. Womersley, Emanl. Boocock, Wm. Dibb Scales. 

1871 Emanl. Boocock, Thos. Goodhall, Jos. Blackburn. 
1S72 Emanl. Boocock, Thos. Goodhall, Jos. Blackburn. 

1873 Emanl. Boocock, Jos. Blackburn, Saml. A. Merritt. 

1874 Emanl. Boocock, Jos. Blackburn, Saml. A. Merritt. 

1875 Emanl. Boocock, Jos. Blackburn, Saml. A. Merritt. 

1876 Emanl. Boocock, Jos. Blackburn, Saml. A. Merritt. 

1879 Emanl. Boocock, Joseph Blackburn, William Huggan. 

1880 Emanl. Boocock, Joseph Blackburn, William Huggan. 

1881 Emanl. Boocock, William Huggan, John Hyland. 

1882 Emanl. Bo cock^ William Huggan, John Hyland. 

1883 Emanl. Boocock, William Huggan, Samuel Armitage. 
18S4 Emanl. Boocock, William Huggan, Samuel Armitage. 

1885 Emanl. Boocock, William Huggan, Samuel Armitage. 

1886 William Huggan, Samuel Armitage, John A. Minings. 

1887 William Huggan, Samuel Armitage, John A. Hinings. 



APPEN.DIX VI. 



Surveyors of the Highways for Pudsey Township 

1770 Matthw. Hutchinson, John Hutchinson. 

1 771 Joshua Town, Joshua Ilargreave. 

1772 Joshua Town, Joshua Flargreave. 

1773 Richd. Farrer, Matthew Farrer. 

1774 Richd. Fenton, Samuel Crowther. 

1775 Thos. PuUan, Wm. Banks. 

1776 Wm. Moss, Joseph Banks. 

* * * * * * 

1778 Robt. Craven, John Whitfield. 

1779 John Whitfield, Matthew Dufton. 
17S0 James Hainsworth, Tho.s. Johnson. 
178 c Joshua Hall, John Brook.sbank. 

1782 Jonathan Akeroyd, Ihos. Walker. 

****** 

1784 Wm. Lister, Wm. Whitley. 

****** 

1 791 Jeremiah Carter, Jas. Hutchinson. 

1 792 John Balme, John Lobley. 

1 793 James Atkinson, James Child. 

****** 

1 80 1 Samuel Driver, John Pearson. 

****** 

1805 James Barnes, John Dean. 

1806 James Heckler, John Tunnicliffe. 

****** 

1809 George Scott. 

****** 

181 1 Wm. Cooper, Christr. Halliday. 

****** 

1 81 4 Samuel Farrer, John Balme. 



APPENDIX. 



291 



1S15 A Board of seven nominated. 

1816 Robert Den'son, Joseph Hall. 

181 7 Wm. Hinings, John Beaumont. 

1818 Saml. Moss, Wm. Lobley. 

1819 John Hutchinson, pd., Geo. Scott, John Beaumont. 

1820 John Hutchinson, Matthew Hainworth. 

1821 Wm. Fearnley, \\'m. Roljinson, prob. 

1822 Jos Wilkinson, Wm. Ellwand, John Hutchinson, pd. 

1823 John Boys, John Halliday, John Hutchinson, pd. 

1824 Thos. Brayshaw, Wm. Beaumont, John Hutchinson, pd. 

1825 John Plinchliffe, Saml Sharpe, John Hutchinson, pd. 

1826 Richd. Farrar, John Farrer, John Hutchinson, pd. 

1827 James Stead, Frederick .Stowe, John Hutchinson, paid ;i^30. 

1828 James Cautheray, Matthw. Hainsworth, Jno. Hutchinson, paid £^0. 

1829 William Denison, William Beaumont. 

1830 James Harrison, John Farrer (Houghside). 

1 83 1 John Webster, Jos. Spencer. 

1832 Samuel Farrar, John Raistrick. 

1833 Wm. Plutchinsou, Robt. Parkinson (John Raistrick pd. ^^30.) 

1834 Samuel Myers, James Cautheray. 

1835 Samuel Wilson, James Waterhouse. 

1836 Samuel Wilson, James Waterhouse. 

,, June 20. George Hepworth appointed surveyor at a salary of .^50 per an. 
Also, a Board of Surveyors consisting of ten persons elected. 



APPENDIX VII. 



Thomas Wilden's Goods, i68r. 

An Inventory of all and singular the Goods, Chattells, Debts and Creditts of 
Thomas Wilden, Late of Pudsey, in the County of York, deceased, prised by Gabriell 
Dodgson, Edward Wood, Richard Cockeram, Joseph Holdsworth, the Twentie-fift 
day of October, in the Year of Our Lord One thousand Six hundred Eightie and 
One. 

In the House. 
Imprimis, his purse, and apparell ... ... ... ... . ... 

Item. One Range and paire of Tongs and fire shovell two Jacks one 

fire pote and paire of Racks and one Spit and Iron pot and a paire 

of pot 
It. One brasse pan three Ladles one Scimer one beefe forke and two 

prigs 

It. One Long table and two formes 

Item. Two Litle white Tables 

It, Five Chaires and one dozen of Quishings 

Item. One Salt pye and one Little Coffer 

It. One brasse morter & an iron pestell two stooles one houre glasse 

& one Lanthorne .. ... ... ... ... ... ... o 

In the Parlor. 
Item. One be I with one foot chist with hingers & bedclothes ... 2 

Item. One Cubert & thre quishings «& one Litle bo.x ... ... i 

It. One bright table, one form, two Litle Chists O'^e Chaire & one 

buffet and one Seing glasse one Range & one paire of Ponges i 
Item. One boyder & one Litle hoppet one Litle buffett and one pewter 

Chamber pot ... ... ... ... ... ... ... O 



I 


s. 
10 


d. 






13 


4 





5 





I 











2 








8 











6 



292 APPENDIX. 

In the Eteing Parlor. £ s. d. 

Item. One great Chist two Litle Chists and one deske ... ... i lo o 

Item. One Kiver one Spining whele & one Lyne whele ... ... o 13 4 

It. One Kneading kit one Chirne & two Coa'e baskits ... ... 026 

It. Two manudes two scutles and One Tresse .. ... .. .. 026 

It. One Anvill or Stithie thre tew Irons & one Vice two great Hammers 
thre hand hamers two nayleing Hamers & twelve Saits & punches 
one buttericd fire Shovell & fire pote belonging to the Smithie & 
thre shooing Hamers in the shooing Hopit about two dozen of Horse 
shooes & certain nayle wands with other Iron in a Litle Chist 
foure files two nayle tooles four paire of Tongs and foure ends of 
Iron and one paire of bellhouse ... ... ... ... .. 500 

In the Butterie. 

It. One glasse case with eight pewter dishes one dozen an half of 
Trenchers two pewter cans one candlesticke & Porringer & two 
salts with a Litle tin can ... ... ... .. ... ... o 16 o 

It. A brasse morter & a pestell ten milke bowles one butter bowle five 

stone pots and flowre pots ... ... ... ... ... ... 040 

In the Kitchin. 

Item. Two brasse pots one posnet two paire of brigs one backstone two 
kits one milkeing kit & a pigin thre stands one barrell three 
Ingrakes and One brandrie ... ... .. ... ... i 10 o 

In the Chamber. 

tiem. One great Chist with thre Other Chists one Litle table one 
forme with thre beds one stroke «S: one pecke One tub two Knead- 
ing troughs One bakebord one spitle with One Ringe two paire of 
Scales with weigh balkes one sacke two paire of Hames a 
Cart Sadie one Iron backhand and Swingle-tree and One 
Hagney Sadie ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 500 

In the Barne. 

Item. One day worke of Oates ... ... ... ... ... ] 

It. One mough of Hay & one Harrow .. .. ... ... I 

It. One beareing barrow one Sledge one paire of hooke seames and i " 

One paire of Hotts & One packe .Sadie ... ... ... ) 

In the Smithie. 

Item. Two spades one hacke one Ladder one .shovell one paire of 
paniers two grindle stones with handles thre Iron forkes one Ax 
& one bill one sleeking trough One Litle Chist with certaine 
peeces of Od Iron ... .. ... ... ... ... ... 100 

Catle about the House. 

Item. Two Kine One Mare one Swine one Cart body with wheeles 

thereunto belonging ... ... ... ,.. ... ... 900 

Item. One heap of manure & one heap of Coales ... ... ... i 10 o 

Item. One farme ... .. ... ... ... ... ... ... 200 

Debts which he had Owing at the tyme of his De.a.th. 

Item. Of .Sevall & Sons the Sume of ... ... ... ... ... 800 

The total Sum is ... .. 54 i 2 



GENERAL INDEX 

(Compiled by the Editor.) 



Abbey Kirkstall, 8, 19, 44, 131, 157, 158 

Aborigines, British, 3 

Academy, Idle, 183 

Ackroyd, Aarou, 210 ; James, 100 ; Jonathan, 141 

Act, Black Bartholomew, 48 ; Burial, 153 ; Con- 
venticle, 48 ; Enclosure, 150 ; Five Mile. 48 ; 
Local Government, 152 ; Militia, 140 ; Million, 
66 ; Public, 160; Toleration, 82 ; Uniformity, 
48,51,57 

Adamson, Sir Nicholas, 13 

Advertise-, District, If 0, 184, 227 ; Pudsey, 184 

Adwalton, 46,103, 177, 233 

Africa, Southern, 269, 274 

Ainsworth, Isaac, 115; James, 115 ; Titus, 115 

Aire, The 46 

Alan, John, 21 ; Peter, 1", 20, 21 ; Robert, 21 ; 
Roger, 19; Richard, 21, 31; Simon, 21; Will, 
21 ; Willelmus, 32 

Alayn, Richard, 24 ; Matilda, 27 ; "William, 27, 30 

Albyne, Henry, 37 

Alchate, John, 37 

Aldred, 4 

Alexander of Berecroft, 19 

Alexandra, Princess, 128, 129 

Aleyn, John, 28 

Allanbrigg, Thomas, 43 

Allcotes, 133 

Allen, Rev. James, 102 

Allerton, 141 ; John de, 35. 36; Manor of, 19 

All-England Eleven, The, 198 

All Saints' Chapel, 44—57, 147, 164 

Almanack, The Pudsey, 182 

Altofts, 35, 36 37 

Altun, 23 

Alverthorpe, 83 

Alnbrose. Isaac, 47 

America, 47, 125,165, 169, 175 

Amusements, 192 

Anderson, J., 97; Old Dick, 198; Richard, 210 ; 
Sarah. 210 

Angell, Thomas, 150 

Atme, Queen, 52 

Anniversaries, Sunday School, 194 

Annunciation, The Feast of, 24 

Antliflf, Rev. Samuel, i09 

Anthem, The National, 129 

Antigna, 268 

Antiquary, The Bradford, 19, 29, 40, 81, 83 

Apperiey, 121, 123 



April Fools' Day, 1S3 

Apprenticeship System, The. 149, 150 

Arch. Journal, .36 ; Yorkshire, 4, 32, 38, 41, 43 

Archer, Edmund, 38 

Archceological Society, The British, 3 

Arch, Thorpe, 13 

Ardeslawe, 22 

Ardington, Peter H., IS 

Armitage, George, 75, 154 ; Joshua, 68 ; J. E. B., 

79 
Armistead, Betty, 210 
Armley, 3, 90, 104 
Armstrong, J. Leslie, 177 
Assmussen, Paul. 277 
Asquith, John, 115 
Association Bible, 183 ; Parliamentary Reform, 

119 ; AVesleyan, 108 
Aston, Sir Richard, 1 8 
Athehieth, 4 
Atkinson, John, 79, 145; James, 149: Rev. John, 

i-3, 94, 95, 97, 109 
Attewell, Isabella, 30 ; John, 21, 29, 30, 34, 36 ; 

Margaret, 29, 34 ; Robert, 31 
Augustine, 3 
Ayton, 93 

B. 

Back Lane, 15 i, 155 

Baggaley, George, 194 

Bagley, Walthew de, 13, 26, 29 

Baildon, 187,246,258 

Bailey, B-njamin,52, 5), 114 ; S. , 18! 

Baines, Sir Edward, 120, 269 ; Miss, 269 

Baiston, Michael, 141 

Balloel, Bemaude, 9 

Baker, John, 125, 141, 152, 153 

Balmcs. Grace, 81 ; John. 89, 115, 149 

Band, The Brass, 194 ; Fartown, 194 ; The Old, 
194 

Bankhouse, 134, 135, 206 

Bannister, G. V.. 156 

Banks, Betty. 60 ; Edward, GO ; Elizab th, 60 
James, 115, 154, 207, 209, 220; John, 60 
Joseph, 60, 71, 115 : Joshua, 60 ; Mary, 85 
Matthew, 145 ; Sarah, 60, 211 ; Thomas, 60, 
67, 114. 115, 209 

Baptists, The, 107,109, 110, 111, 194 

Barbauld, Mrs., 165 

Barkeston, Alexander, 20 ; John, 19 

Barkston, 4 

Bariagh, "William, 12 



294 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Barlborongh, 13 

Barlow, B. K., 183 

Barnes, Ambrose, 60 ; T., 79 

Barnsley, 109 

Barraclough, Edward, 79 ; Hannah 211 ; J. J., 

79 ; John, 114, 211 
Ban-edyke, 13 
Barwick-in-Elmete. 2 
Bateson, Joseph Appleby, 211 
Batley, 4, 5. 22, 108, 174 
Batteley, 38 
Batty, John, 35 
Bav.-dwen, 5 
Baxter, Rev. J., 274 
Bayard, Hugh, 25 ; William, 25 
Baylpy, Rev. Benjamin, 65 ; Penelope, 65 
Beaumont, George, 62, 218 ; Harriet, J. 7.i ; Henry, 

68; H. K., 119; James, 62, 68; John, 114, 

145 ; Robert, t)8 ; Sarab, 62 ; Wlliiam, 68, 

143 
Beecroft, George, 99 
Beckett, Sir John, 120 
Bede, Venerable, 3 

Beer, Mrs., 103 ; John T., 168, 169, 177, 2.'?3 
Beestou, Ralph H., 18, 34, 35, 38 ; Sir William de, 

10, 26, 28 
Belfast. 112, 167 
L'ell, William, 213 
JieUs; CTwcrt, 168 
Bendeschene, Adam, 2S 
Bennett, James, 79 ; W, H., 95 
Benton, A.. 173 

Percroft, John de,29, 31 ; Richard de, 22 
B-.recroft, John de, 19, 21, 25 
Bere'ord, 15 ; Manor of. 7 
Bergheby, Thomas de. 29 
Berill, John de, U, 22 ; Thomas, 13 
Berlin, 167 
Berrv, Rev. Elkana, 85, 86, 87; Tim., 21; Mary, 

211 
Bess, Queen, LS,") 
Bethel. Richaid, 117 
heulah, 117 

Bevan, John, 112 ; Rev. S., 109 
Beverley, Hugh, 1 3 
Bickersteth. Rev. M. C, M.A., 77, 220 
Bierley, f>, 33, 51. 79 
Bigot, .John, 35, 36 

Bill, the Redistribution, 121 ; Seats, 121 
Bingley, 43, 65. 89, 139, 207 
Binks. Benjamin, 114 ; Christopher, 141 ; Edward, 

145 
Binus. Elizabeth, 211; John, 63; Joseph, 211; 

Samuel. 115 ; Sarah, 6;^ 
Birdsall J. W., 227 ; Richard, 150 
Btrley, Robert de, 13 
Birmingham 112, 16S 
Birstal, 35, 65. !0, 99 
Blackburn, John 102, 1.52; Joseph, 72, 73; H. 

W., 102 
Board, Burial. U3, 1.54,171; Lighting, 154, 156; 

Local, 03. 152, 153, 154, 209 ; School, 219 
Poden, John, 97 
BoheOiia, 238, 263 
Bohler, Peter, 2 U 
Bolland, Bolton -by- 12 
Boiling, 22, 42, 43, 139 ; Robert do, 30 ; WUX 

de. 24 
Bollinge, John, 25, 34 
Bollyiug, .\ argaret. :i6 
Bolton, 12.44, 104,112, 132, 139, 1.58 
Boocock, John, 115. Ii5, 176 ; Mary, 211 
Book. Old Town's, 145, 147 
Booth. John, 115 ; Joseph, 111 
Bosjesmans, The, 269 



Bottiler, Robert, 37 

Boulton, John, 62 ; Naucy, 62 

Bounty, Queen Ai'ne's, 52 

Bowcock, .Joseph, 114 

Bowling, 33, 80 

Bowness, 73 

Boyd, J. Smith, 97 

Boyes, John, 116, 178; Joseph, 105, Mary, 105; 

Samuel, 115 ; William, 104, l!'2, 220 ; W. H., 

79 
Boys, Hannah, 63; John, 63 ; Joseph, C3; Nancy, 

6 < ; Sanuiel, 6 1 ; Sarah. 63 ; William. 144 
Bradford, 1,2, 7, 23, ;i3, 4-', 43, 47, 77, 89, 90, 9S, 

95, 99, 1'lO, i03, 104,108,1(19, IM, IP.', 121, 123, 

125, 139, 156, 169, 171, 177, 183, 2i2, 207, 209, 

213 ; History of, 43, 138 
lira'fordJana Coll ctauca, 81 
Bradforth, John de,-9, 19, 20, 21, 2> 
Br.adloy, William de, 11 
Bramhop, Baldwinde, 18 
Bramley, 3, 22, 31, 33, 42, 49,50, 5\ 65,71, 75, 81, 

Si, 102, 110, 111, 132, 167, 173,216,217,229, 

•;43 
Br.arijeleia, 7 
Brear, Jehu, 141 
Brerehalge, Will, 37 
Bridge, Apperley, 109 
Brig-.ate, 1 6 
Brigge, William, 37 
Briggs, John, 102 
Brindley and Foster, 69, 98 
Britaine Description of, 46 
Britannia, Camden's, 22 
Brittauy, Earl of, 9 
Brocas, Bernand de, 15 
Brode, Wilebuus, 32 ; Cecilia, 32 
Broode, William, 34, 36 
Brogden, George, 63 
Brompton, 166 
Brook, James, 220 
Brooks, Thomas, 114 
Brown, Rev. A., 74 ; James,115: Joseph, 99, 100; 

Thomas 163 ; William, 52, 57 
Brayshaw, John, 153 
Bruce, Rev, R..95 
Bruis, Robert de, 9 
Bull-baiting. 195 
Bulihouse, 90 
Bulmer, Bertram, 9 
Bnrley,35, :-;6, 37,39 
Burrows, Enoch, 79 
Burton, Thomas, 92 
Bur'^on in-Lonsdale, 12 
Butcher, Dr., 168 
Butler, John, 216, 217 
Buttermere, 249 

C. 

Cfesnr, Julius, 2 

Calamy, 79 

Calder, The River, 2 

Calverlei, 6 

Calverley, 1,2,3.20,21.22, 23, 24. 25, 26, 27, 30, 31, 
32, 33, 34, 3.5, 36, 39, 41, 43, .50, 56. 76,83, 110, 
121, \Zt, 134, 139, 15S, 173, 183, 199, 210, 211, 
219 

Calverley, Family of, 8 ; Lord of, 25 ; Manor of, 34, 
35, 37, 39 

Calverley, Christof, 38; Sir John de, 13,26, 2:, 29, 
30 ; Henry, 39, 40, 4l ; John Scot de, 25, 45 ; 
Kicholas, 38 ; Walter, 15, 26,28, 29, So, 31, 33, 
34, 35, 36, 40, 41, 52, 71, 131. 150, 158 ; Will 
Scot de, 20 ; William, 37, 38, 39 ; Viear of, 52, 
74; Registers of, 31, 39, 41, 46, 50, 55, 58, 81 

Calverton, 161,178 



GENERAL INDEX. 295 

Calliley,50 Coke, Elizabeth, 32 ; Waltems, 32 

Cambridge, 46, 79, 158, 161,163, 167 Colcroft, Eev. "WiUiam, 110 

Camera, John de, 22 Colebrooke, Sir Edward, 174 

Cameron, Baron of, 57, 159 Colefax, Rev. William 92, 183, 223 

Camp, King Alfred's, 2 Coleridge, 165 

Canterbury, Archbishop of, 163 College, Airedale, 93 ; Horton, 110, 111 ; King's, 

Canute, 5 91,165; Magdalene, 163, 209; Rotherham, 

Cai-butt, Thomas, 115 95 ; Sidney Sussex, 147, 160, 161, 163 ; Trinity, 

Cardiff, 170 46, 158, 167 

Carlinghow, 174 Collyer, Rev. Dr., xi., xii. 

Carr, Black, 133; John, 141; Lieut. John, 1C6 ; Comenius, Amos, 262 

Simeon, U3 ; William, 145 Committee, The Town's, 140, 144, 145, 147, 148 

Carleton-in-Craven, 11 Common, The Piidsey, 40 

Carlisle, Fairfax, 230; Thomas, 115 Commons, Doctors', 153 ; House of, 121 

Carlyle, Mr., 72 Comninnicants, Register of, 87 

Cartman, Rev. John, 74 Commonwealth, The, 51 

Casson, Robert, 39 Company, The Gas, 156 
Castle, Hornby, 8, 17 ; Pontefract, 136 ; Windsor, Condition, Social, 202 

242 ; York, 82, 114 • Conference, The Wesley an, 101, 102, 104 

Castleford, 135 Confessor, Edward the, 3 

Cathedral, St. Mary's, 174 Congregationalists, The, 107, 194 

Catholics, Roman, 112, 113 Conqueror, William the, 4, 5 6, 132, 135 
Cauthery, Joseph, 145; Sarah, 61; William, 64, Conquest, The Norman, 4, 5, 130,132 

115 Constable, The, 144, 145 

Cawdrey, Robert, 53 Cooke. Rev. William, 104 

Cawson, W., 1H4 Coope, Joseph, 145 

Cavendish, iiOrd Frederick, 119 Cooper, Fred, 152; John, 58, 115, 147; Joseph, 

Cemetery, The, 1.54, 155 66, 115 ; Rachel, 66 ; William, 97, 115 

Centenai-y Festival, 261 Copenhagen, 1 5 

Cereticus, 3 Corn Laws, Repeal of, 155, 127 

Chalmers, Dr., 276 Correspondence, Tlioresbi/'s, 82 
Chapel, All Saints', 44, 57, l-'O, 209 ; Bierley,14l ; Correspondent, The Leeds, 65, 164, 180 

Dissenters', 147 ; Gravel Pit. l^■5 ; Independent, Coseley, 112 

Methodist, 167 ; Old, 210, 211 : Old ludepen- Cottmgley, 85 

dent, 81-92 ; Mill Hill, 79 ; Thornton, 61 ; Cotton, Charles, 41 ; Michael, 41 

Wesleyan, 101 ; Ziou, 103 Couper, Matthew, G5 ; Mary, 65; Joseph, 65; 

Chapeltown, 75, 119, 1.'7, 12«, 129, 132, 13}, 138, Rachel, 65 

147, 166, 194, 197, 211, 216, 220, 228 Coupere, John the, 24 

Charles II., 81, 82 Couran*, Pudsey, 184 

Charters, Add., 10-40 Coventry, 129 

Chetelle, 9 Cowper, Robert the, 22 

ChUd, Thomas, 79 Crabbe, 165 

Choral Society, 129, 174, 195 ; Union, 174, 195 Crabtree, Mr., 110 ; Miss, 123 

Christmas, 192 Crampt(m, Elizabeth, 63; Hannah, 63 ; John, 63; 

Chronicle, Pvdsey, 184 115,141, 145 ; Nancy, (13 ; William, 63, 115 

Chronicles, Hollingshead, 46 Craven, 1, 15, 158 
Church, Adel, 79; All Saints', 164; Congrega- Craven, Francis, 122 ; Phineas, 152 ; W. 153 

tional, 79, 173 ; Established, 54, 79, 84, 207, Craven and HaiTop, 122 

240 ; St. John's, 47, 79, 15!> ; Parish, 169, 194 ; Craven, Scenes in, 177 

St. Lawrence, 63, 59, 66-74, '209 ; St, Paul's, Craven, History of, 7,12, 15 

75, 76, 77, 162, 173, 104 Crofts, Rev. H. D., 104 

Churchwardens, 143 Cromack, Benjamin, 85 ; Samuel, 145 

Churchyard, St. Paul's, 91 Crompton, John, 145 

Chm-well, 121 Crossley, Francis, 119 ; John, 46, 53, 143 

Clarendon, Earl of, 161 Crowther, Benjamin, 152 ; Ji.lin, 115,145, 230;' 

Clark, E ev. W. E., 112 ; William, 141 Jeremy, 44, 115 ; Msulin, 141 

ClarkFon, John, 145, 230; Mr., 72; William, 143, Cricket, 197, 198 

230 Crimbles, 138, 151, 220 

Ciaverings, The, 50 Crucis, St., 13 
Clayton, J., 115 ; Mrs. James, 205 ; Philip de, 12 ; Crummack, Joseph, 114 

Thomas de, 35, 36 Cudworth, WilUam, 183, 207 

Cleckheaton, 4, 22, 83 Cuper, John, 24 

Clemens, Rev. G., 272, 273, 274 ; F., 277 Curbar, 93 

CleiTau.'^, Wm. de, 12 ' Customs, Local, 192 

Cliff, Denham, 141 ; John, 206, 23, 242 ^ 

Clifford, .Jeremiah, 115 ; Lord of, 37 ^* 

CUfton, 93 Dalby, Robert, 152, 220 

Clitheroe, 93 Danhy, James, 37 ; Sir Christopher, 39 ; £:ir 

Clonmacnois, 168 Tliomas, 39; Thomas, 39 

Clough, George, 153 ; John H., 171 Danes, The, 3 

Cobden, Richard, 119 Darelle, Marmaduke, 35, 33 

Cock-fighting, 196 Darnborough, John, 62, 114, 205, 2J6 

Cockcroft. James, 141 : Joseph, 141 Dautre, Thomas, 29, 31 

Cockin, Eev. J., 91 David, Robert, 35 ; Christian, 261 

Coins, Roman, 2 Davy, Joseph, 102 



296 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Dawson, Christopher, 17 ; John, 39 ; Joseph, 83 Elwind, William, 115 

90, 91 ; Pudsey, 8, 17 ; William, 47 ' Ely, 161 

Day, May, 193 ; Koyal Oak, 193 ; Valentine, 193 Elys, Thomas, 38 
Dean. Benjamin, 115, 141, 145; John, 115, 145 ; EmpsaU, T. T., 29 

Rev. — , 98 Emsley, John, 125, 127 , Joseph, 216 

Deeds, Calverley, 131 Enclosm-e, The Commons, 150, 151 

Deira, 3 England, Church of, 85, 155 ; New, 47 ; Rev. 

Denison, E. B., ll^, 119 ; C. B., 119, 120 ; William, John, 178 ; Bishop, 277 ; Henry, 277 

104 Erdislawe, Nicholas de, 18 

Denton, 57, 159 Erskine, W. F., 97 

Derby, Co., 13, 109, 164 Essehalte, John, 35 

Derbyshire, 93, 136 Essex, 249 

Despencer, Thomas le, 13 Establishment, Moravian, 232, 277 

Dewsbm-y, 43, 99, 103, 108, 139 Estbitm, Simon de, 19 

Diary, Fulneck, 259-277 Estumer, Davit le, 18 

Diaries, Eeywood's, 81 Evans, Dr. John, 89 

Dickenson, 89 Everett, Rev. James, 101 

Dillon, Rev. Mr., 112 E.xchequer, The, 23, 45 

Dissenters, The, 82, 84, 143 Eyles, Thomas, 114 

Division, Eastern Parliamentary, 120, 121 ; „ 

Northern, 119, 122; Pudsey, 121, 122, 123; 

Southern, 119 Foedera, Ri/mer's, 23. 

Dobson, Grace, 63 ; John, 63 ; Joseph, 63; Lepton, Fairfa.Ti, Thomas, 41, 139 ; Lord Thomas, 47 ; 

149, 151 ; Mary, 85 ; Samuel, (!3 ; Wilham, Viscount, 57 

63 Falcon, Dr., 274 

Dodgson, Dr., 160 ; Joseph, 60, 115 ; Samuel, 114 ; Falding, Rev. Dr., 95 

William, 114 Farnley, 33, 102, 102, 134, 158, 233 

Dodsworth, 15, 18 Famllay. 22 ; Roger of, 19 

Domesday Book, The, 5, 6, 7, 130, I31, 199 ; Farrar, Abraham, 114; Daniel, 210; Elizabeth, 

Surrey, 4, 8 210; Henry, 115 ; John, 115 ; Robert, 114 ; 

Doncaster, 209 Samuel, 53, 115 ; Thomas, 67 ; William, 114, 

Downes, John, 50 115 

Dovedale, 164 Farrer, Ann, 65 ; Benjamin, 65, 211 ; Hannah, 65 ; 

Drake, John, 141 ; Joseph, 211, 218 John, 51, 64, 65, 102, 127, 143, 144, 179, 207, 

Draper, Thomas, 41 208, 211 ; James, 141 ; Joseph, 145 ; Joshua, 

Drighliugton, 4, 22, 33, 42, 121, 163, 233 65, 141 ; Mary, 6t, 65 ; Nancy, 64 ; Richard, 

Driver, Hannah Dean, 66 ; Joseph, 66, 115 ; Mary, 62, 64, 81, 84, 115, 149, 205, 211 ; Samuel, 65, 

66 : Mrs , 170 ; Samuel, 60 115, 151 ; William, 62, 64, 71 

Dublin, 77, 105, 167, 168 : Ai-chbishop of, 168 Farrowe, Richard, 53 

Ducatus Leodiensis, 7, 1 , 40, 41, 178. Farsley, 3, 34, 36, 43, 81, 85, 100, 109, 110, HI, 

Duckin? Stool, The, 199 121, 132, 139, 141, 173 

Dudley, 93 ; Hill, 258 Fartowu, 99, 103, 104, 111, 128, 129, 134, 197, 219, 

Dufton, Betty. 64 ; Benjamin, 194 ; John, 141 ; 222 

Matthew, 60, 64 ; Thomas, 115 Farquhar, Dr., 197 

Duncan, Surr William, 121, 122 Faulkner, William. 102 

Duncombe, Hon. W., 117 Fearnley, John, 115 ; Penelope, 65 ; Thomas, 65 

Dunn, Rev. Henry, 111 Feast, Pudsey, 194 

Dnnstau, 3, 4, 5, 6, 130, 132, 157 Fee, Knights', 22 

Durham, Bishop of, 9 ; County of, 9 ; Durham, 102 Feuton, James, 210 ; Joseph, 100 ; Martha, 211 ; 
Dynslai, John de, 30 Samuel, 99, 114, 145 ; Sarah, 210 

Dyjon, William, 141 Ferncliffe, 121, 123 

■r, Ferrand, Benjamin, 114 ; Joshua, 141 ; Mr., 207 ; 

^' Robert, 41 

Eadens, Rev. H., 112 Ferrowe, William, 39 

Eardley, Sir Culling, 119 Ferselay, 22 ; Ralph de, 19, 20 

Eastwood, 99 Fersellai, 6 

Eccleshill, 31, 33, 36, 43, 139 Festival, Centenary, 261 

Ecclesil, Stephen de, 19,21 Field, Crawshaw, 117, 162 ; Hammerton, 112, 113, 

Ecclesiastic 1 1 fi. Valor, 131. 217 

Eddison, William, 194 Fielden, Joshua, 120 

Edinburgh. 174, 175 Fieldhouse, Moses, 141 

Edward, Kmg, 4, 6, 7 ; I., 10, 11, 22, 23, 24, 25, 27, Fielding, J., 97 

45 ; II , 25, 26, 27, 28 ; III., 11, 12, 22, 26, 28, Filey, 164. 

29, 30, 31, 202 Firth, William lOJ 

Edwards, John, 164,178 Fiskergate, Nicholas de, 11 

Edwin, 3; Earl, 4 Fitzwilliam. Ear', 115 

Ekryngton, 13 Fletcher, James, 61 ; John, 61 

Elizabeth, Queen, 41, 139 Fold, Back, 133 ; Carlisle, 133 ; Driver's, 133, 221 ; 

EUand, 22 Parsonage, 133 ; Old Chapel, 50 ; Turner's, 

Elliott, Bbenezer, 127 Wilson's, 133 

Ellwand, William, 149, 230 Polk Lore, 185, 191 

Elmete, 2, 3 Football, 196 

Elplin, Bishop of, 160 Forrester, Thrmas, 29 

Elslake, 15 Forster, 7 ; Simon, 34 ; W. F., 219 

Elsworth, Benjamin, 152; Joseph, 115, 216 Foster, 41 ; Rev. E. S., 95 



GENERAL INDEX. 



29; 



Fowler, Samuel, 267 

Fox, George, 114, 115 ; Jonas, 141 

Fraser, John, 217 

Fraunketenant, William, 25 

Frencliey, 165 

Frystone, Ferry, 160 

Fiilneck, 54, 99, 128, 133, 13G, 137, 146, 149, 156, 

167.177,178,179, 181,183,209, 219, 232 
Funerals, 200, 201 
Flu-nival, Lord, 13 



G-alU, Rev. M.G.,118 

Gambles, J. G, C, 77 ; James, 71 

Gap, Quarry, 154 

Gargrove. Agnes, 39 ; Joseph, 36 

Garnett, George, 109 

Garth, R. Macheil, 174, 175 

Gas Company, The, 156 

Gateshead, 94 

Gaunt, Daniel, 116 ; George, 39 ; Isaac, 123 ; J. L., 

228 ; John, 115 ; Joseph, 228 ; Joshua. 85, 

211 ; Matthias, 110 ; Margaret, 38 ; Reuben, 

230 ; Samuel, 194 ; William, 43, 47 
Gazette, London, 75 
Gellys.Dionisis, 36; Will, 36, 37 
Geoffreyson, John, 19 
Gibson, Agnes, 147 ; James. 175 ; John, 31 ; 

Joshua, 141 ; Rev. A. J., 75 
Gibraltar, 101, 133, 154 
Gildersome, 121, 233 
Gilleson, William, 29, 32 
GilUng, Charles, 97 
Gislay, 34 

Gladstone, Herbert John, 226 ; William Ewart, 183 
Gledhill, Isaac, 141 
Gloucester, Duke of, 36 
Glover, James, 183 ; William. 176 
Goderich, Lord. 119 
Goepp, P. H., 269 
Goion, Henry, 34 
Golcar, 4, 111 

Gomersal, 4, 33, 83, 8t, 166, 183 
Goodall, J. E., 153 ; Thomas, 232 
Gospatric, 4, 7 
Gossett, W. D , 183 
Gotham, Henry de, 25 
Gowan, William, 141 
Government, Civil, 84 
Graham, Rev. H. J., 74, 127, 211 
Grave, Adam de, 21 ; Elizabeth, 210 ; George, 141 ; 

John, 23, 210; Robert, 54 
Greave, Roger the, 19 
Greaves, J., 79 ; Thomas, 65 ; W.H., 154; William, 

65,115,218 
Green, Simon dela, 21 
Greenlsury, Rev. Thos. , 109 
Greenside", 128, 134, 138, 171, 213, 216, 217, 219, 22o, 

223 
Green Top, 133, 134, 136, 207 ; Waver, 119, 137. 
Greeuwell, Rev. N., 130 
Greenfelde, William de, 28 
Grinfield, Rev. Thomas, 150 
Grove House, 67. 144^ 166, 207, 208, 209 
Guardian, Scottish, '115 
Guardians, Board of, 257 
Guards, The Grenadier, 176 
Gudlagesare, 4 
Guisboro', 93 
Guthlac's Seal', 4 
Gutteridge, Rev. John, 109 



Hackney, 165 

Haigh, John, 125 ; Rev. J. S., 112 



Hailstone, Edward, 23 

Hainsworth, Abraham, 8, 21 ; Elizabeth, 59 ; 

James, 59 ; Joseph, 59 ; Martha, 59 ; Peter, 

111 ; William, 79 
Haley &Co.,lJ9 

Halifax, 2,10,41,43,87, 90,91, 98, 105,139, 141 
Hall, Bolton, 15, 17; Beningborough, 177; 

Catherine. 160; Cloth, 116; Esholt, 103; 

Grace, 239, 243 ; Horsfoi-tb, Old, 121; Nesbit, 

134, 205, 239; Old, 41 ; Preston, 41 ; Toug, 239; 

Walton, 23 
Hall, Abraham, 61, 116 ; Bettv, 61 ; Christopher, 

85 ; David, 116 ; Joseph, "65, 116 ; Matthew, 

41 ; Robert, 260 
Halle 269 
Hallidny, Ann, 61, 73 ; George, 61 ; James, 125 ; 

John, 60, 68, 75, 153 ; Nathan, 79 
Hallywelle, 35, 37 
Hambui-gh, 95, 159 
Hamilton, Dr. Winter, 209 
Handel, 195 
Hankeswyck, 15 
Hanlyth, 15 

Hanneman, Christian, 149 
Hansel, Rev. W., 180 
Harden, 41 
Hardware, Henry. 39 
Harewood, Earl of, 115 
Hargreaves, J., 116, 125 
Hare, John, 116 
Harm an. A., 79 
Harrison, 46 ; General P., 8, 9, 15 ; George, 141 

Hainsworth, 102 ; James, 116 ; John, 116 

Jonathan, 141 ; J. W., 109 ; Thomas, 79 

William, 116 
Hai-tley, Grace, 267 
Hasse, Rev. W.. 270 

Haste, Elizabeth, 241 ; William, 59, 116, 232 
Hastings, 112 
Hatfield, 163 
Haton, John, 213 
Hatton, Rev. J. W., 46 
Haukesworth, 36. 

Hauptman, Elizabeth, 54 ; Gottlieb, 54 
Hawden, William, 83 
Haworth, 41, 43, 109, 139 ; Rev. W. S., 74 
Haynes, George, 220 
Heath, Harlow, 155 

Heatou, 4, 43, 139 ; John, 108 ; Thomas de, 27 
Heckmondw-ke, 33, 258 
Hede, Thomas, 18 
Heights, The, 2, 134 
Helmsley, John, 116 
Hepwortb, George, 150 
Hemsley, WUliam, 141 
Henderson, Rev. D. A., 94, 95, 220 
Henric, 2 
Henry L. 8: IL, 9; III., 9. 10, 11,22; IV, 13 

15, 24, 35 ; V., 15 ; VL, 17, 32, 36, 37, 203 • 

Vir.,37, ;8; VIIL. 37,38, 45 
Herald, The Piidsey, 182 
Herman, J. G.,269 
Herrnhut,238, 258, 263 
Hertford, 163 
Hertingfordbury, 163 

Hertlington, l.'> ; Lord of, 15 ; William de, 15 
Herts., 163 
Heton, Alicia de, 32 ; Johannes de, 32; Sir John de, 

25 
Hexh:im, 92 
Hey, Dorothy, 160 ; John. 54, 57, 58, 147, 159, 160 

178; Rebecca, 160; Richard, 52, 114,147 159 

160,162, 163, 179. 222 ; Samuel, 147, 160, 162 ; 

Sarah, 160, William, 160, 162, 178 
Heywood Oliver, 49, 79, 81, 82, 83 



298 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Hlllas. Samuel, 114 
Hillhouse, Frances 55; Pamuel, 114 
Hillyard, Rev. James, 111 
Himaworth, John, Hi 



Hickes, Dr. George, 157 Hutton, Archbishop, 57, 158 ; Dorothy, 57, 159 ; 

Highways. Sm-veyors of, 150 Mrs., 57 ; Mary, 159 ; Richard, 57, 79, 82, 84, 

HinchlifTe, Benjamin, Gl ; Edward, 145; Hannah. 158, 159 ; Hr Thomas, 57, 158 
85 ; John, 61, 85, 114, 115 , 141, 194 ; Joseph, Hylkley, John, 25 
116 ; Mary, 61 ; Kacbel, 61 ; Samuel, 84, 85, j_ 

TT-n'^^f) 11 ,or T^ 1, ,^n 090 o.« . Idel, Joha do, 34 

Hill, Bankhouse, 135 ; Dudley. 99, 239, 246 : j^^^J 22 

Giant's, 3; Lidget, 133, 138; Ludgate, 133;^,, ', f.-. 07 nn ni i",, 
Owlcoats 2, 62 ; Piuebelly, 135; Primrose. |"^,'^^'°''/"' ''"■•"' ^*''' 
132, 133, 220; "West Royd, 133; Windmill, Ij^j^^gV 
TT-n^^^'i^^-j ,.. Illingworth, Isaac, 59 

Hillam. David, 144 Infirm aiy, The Leeds, 162 

Ingham, Rev. B., 240 ; R., 109, Samuel, 116, 211 ; 

Thomas, 114 
Inkersley. T , 183 
TT • -mi inr, r, ,, 10= in- 1 cc Inn, Flceoe, 103 

Hmmgs, Edw.ard, 102; George. 41,125, 12,, 156, ,^ Kirlcl)irs 2'> 131 
198, 212,220, 22.5 ; J. A., 125, 126, 154 ; J. li., ffipe' Robert 36 

w•;,•^■'^i,/'^o^loi^^. ^^°''"*' ^^^' ^*^' Institution, Tlie' Mechanics' 
William, 116, 125, 127, 14^ Intelligencer, The Leeds, 75 

Hi nslef, Joseph, 61 ; ^amuel. 61 Tv(>lnnd i'8 

Hird. P. W 173 : John, 150 Isle Thomas del, 31 

Hodgson, Mary, 211 

Hoghton, 38 J 

Holbeck, 117, 246 

Holborn.Rev. A., 95 

Holcreft, Johannes, 32 

Holden, Isaac, 120 

Holdsivorth, Edward, ■ 
Susanna, 21 

Holy Land, The, 9 

Holiand, Rev. Pliilip, 91 

Hdllidav, Joseph, 211 

Hollings, Rev. S., 89, 9) ; Sarah, 89 

HolHngshew, AG 

HoUingworth, Thomas, 114 

Holmfirth, 92 

Holme,, Jolm. 2 ; Rebecca, 58 ; Rev. .John 



223 



Canon, 269 
King, 43 



.John, 79, S3, 205 



William, 54 



Susanna, 211; 



B. 
Rev. Wil 



Jackson, James, 116 : 
James, John, 3, 138 ; 
Jar, British, 2 
. . Jeaddun, Walter de, 18 
Jeffeisou, Mary Maiia, 67 

Jenkins, Rev. D., 53, 68, 73, 74, 143, 149 ; Harriet, 73 
Jenkinson, Richard, 39 ; William, 39, 43 
Jennings, 18 ; Caleb, 141 
Jerosalem, Hospital of, 19 
Jodlan-son, Robert, 19 
Johnson, David, 149 ; Thomas, 83, 211 
Jones, George A., 153 ; J. ,E., 220 ; Zcchariah, 116 
Jordan, 19 ; John, 110, 179 
Joseph, St, 112, 113 
Jowett, Rev. Thomas, 93, 94, 95 
Jumbles, 134, 135 
Juncroft, John, 36 ; Richard, 34, 36 



J., 132 



20 



179 ; Roberr., 109 
liam, .'8, 160 
Holroyd, Abraham, 81 
Holt, Rev C , 52 
Hopton, 89, 91, 159 
Hopkinson, Rev. W. E., 112 
Hoptone, Adam de, 31, 33 
Hornby, Rev. John, 102 
Homblowers, The, 198 
Horsforth, 3. 19, 33, 85, 121 
Horsforthe, Thomas de, 10 ; Nigel de, 
Horsewellrode, 25 

Horton, 41, 100, 123, 139, 141, 16S, 246 
Horton, Juvenis de,23 
Hospital. Jerusalem. 19, 23 ; St. George's 

St. Leonard's, 18; St. Peter's, 18, 19, 44 ; Kiuewalmerske, 13 
Sherburne, 9 Kinsius, 4 

Hotel, Railway, 129 , Kirk, John, 101 

Hough End, 2 ; Crawshaw, 216 Kirkljm-ton. 74 

Hou-e, Bank, 85, 241 ; Croft, 170 ; Elmwood, 209 ; Kirkby, John de, 22 

Grove, 6, 7, 127, 144, 166, 2i8, 228 ; Lawns, Kirkstall, 23, 44. 12!, 1^7 
102 ; Low, 146 ; Manor, 138 ; Radcliflfe, 174 ; Kirkwood, S., 174 
Threaplaud, 103 ; West, 207 ; Westtield, 71 Kitts, St., 268 
Howet. Walter, 34 Knapton, Rev. J., 1 1 2 

Howne. 4 Knewstub, John, 114 

Howarth, Anne, 5^«^159; Elizabeth, 58 ; Rev. W. Knottingley. 160 



K. 

Kalverlay, Alex, de, 20 
Keenan, Joliii, 75 
Kcghlev, Richard, 37 
Keighley, 2, 91, 196 
Kent, 41, 16S ; Ed\v.ard, .'i7 
Kenvon, Walter, 70 

Kershaw, Mary, '210 ; Rev. W. H., 109 ; William, 
210 
174 ; Kidderminster, 93 



L., 20S, 209 ; WiUiam, 53, 68, 116 
Howgate, Samuel, 116 
Hoyle, Joshua, 141 
Huddersfitld, 4, 91, 101, 108, 139 
Huggan, William, 125, 128, 167 
Hull, 109 

Humble, Dawson, 150 
Hunsworth, 121 

Hunter, Josep'i, 83 ; Richard, 43 ; WiUiam, 53 
IIuss. John, 238 



Kyng, Willelmus, 32 



Laci, Ilbert de, 4, 6, 7, : 32 

Lacy, Robert de, 8 

Laird, Rev. Thomas, 91, 92, 94, 1 

Laisterdyke, 109, 1-^2, 221 

Laithe, Red, 133 

Lake, John, 36 

Lancashu-e, 47, 93, 112 



8, 116, 149, 182 



Hustler, Mary, 63 ; Thomas, C3, 141 ; William, 57 Lancaster, Duchy of, 161 



GENERAL INDEX. 299 

Land, Serjeant, 146 Maidstone, 41, 168 

Lands, The Common, 15) JEallalien, W., 183, 260 

Lane, Back, 133. 154, J 54 ; Eankliouse, 128 ; Bor- Malta, Knights of, 207 
gard, 216 ; Chancery, 6 ; Cbm-cb, 101, 128, 129, Malynson, Johannes, 32 
132, 145, 223. 225 ; Hare, 23') ; Robiii 128, 129, Manchester, 104. 112, 213 
132. 216, 217 ; Rokor, lu9 ; Bickardshaw, 109, Mannyngham, 41, 43, 139 
137, 170, 220 ; Radcliffe, 71, 128, 132, 216, 217 ; Manor House, The Old, 41 
Workhouse, 133 Manufactures, 228. 232 

Lanes, The, 112 Margerison, Saml., 29, 31, 39^ 40, 41 

Laugl'ey, n'armah, 62 ; Thomas, 62, 114 ; William, Map, Ordnance, l8;i 

114 Marienborn, 272 

La Trobe, Ignatius, 179, 2-50 ; Benjamin, 146, 253, Markhams, Mr., 84 

254, 269 Marsden. Kev. John, 93, 94 

Lascelles, Henry, 115 ; Lord, 120 Marsh, 133, 219 

Lawn Tennis, 188 Marshall, Rev. Geo., 77 ; Jolm, 117 ; Margaret, 210 

Lawson, Dorothea, 69 : Mary, 59 ; Jo eph, 180,195, Marske. 41 

198 ; Rev. H. A., 95 ; Thomas, 59 Mary, St., 20 ; Queen, 82 

Lawton, George, 183 ; Mr., 149 Marylebone, 162 

Leach, John, 141 Masham, 150 

Ledes, Gilbert de, 18 ; Roger de, 31, 33 Mather, Rev. George, 103 

Lee, Richard, 35 Matthewman, Elizabeth. 87 ; Luke, 87 

Leeds, 2, 3, 7. 27, 2S, 33, 43, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 55, Maude, Francis, 151 ; William, 220 
56, 57, 77, 79, 91, 93, 99, 1 3, 104, 109, 112, 120, Mauleverer, John, 36 ; Robert, 36 
121, 125, 139, 146, 158, 159, 16J, 162, 163, 166, Maulevery, Robert, 135 

lb7, 169, 207, 213, 269 ; Mayor of, 166, 178 Maurice, Professor, 91, 165 ; Rev. M., 98, 93, 164 

Leghe, Gilbert del, 37 Mayhall , John, 3 

Leicestershire, 93 Maynard, Lord. 160 

Lelay,AVLll de, 18 Mearing, Thomas, 37 

Lemmens, Chevalier, 169 Mechanics' Institution, The, 183, 223, 221, 225 

Leninc's, 4 Mercury, The Leeds, 117, 149, 195 

Lepton, 34 ; Joseph, 84 ; William, 40, 46, 62, 82 Memorial, Nouconformist, 80 
Leversege, 22 Merkynfel'le, Lord of, 35 ; Thomas de, 35 

Lewenthop, Geoffrey de, 36 ; John. 36 Merying, Agnes, 37 ; Thomas, 37, 38 

Ley, Roberc, 37 Messenger, The, 146, 132 

Library, Bodleian, 13, 35, 36, 37, 131 ; Leeds Old, Metcalfe, Hope, 62 ; Miles, 62 

8, 132 Methodism, 99 

Liebe, Theresa, 170 Methodists, Free Church, 107, 108, 1 94 ; Independent, 

Liley, James, 141 109 ; Primitive, 107, 109, 194 ; AVesleyan, 

Lillie, Kev. Thomas, 89 99-102 

Lincoln, 51 ; Co., 13 ; Rev. W., 110 Miall, Rev. J. G., S3, 89, 183 

Linton, Kev. C. R., 175 Middlebrook, John, 127, 180 

Lisbon, 41, 158 Middlesbrough, 174 

Lister. John, 19, 116 ; Joseph, 47 ; Rev. Henry, 74 MiU, Allen Brig, 120, 216, 230; Albion, 128 
Littledale, Mrs., 17 Atlas, 122, 222 ; Bankhouse, 231 ; Brick, 231 

Littlemoor, 50, 71, 75, 101, 103, 111, 129, 133, 134, Claughton Garth, 128 ; Clifle, 216, 231 ; Cra-iv 

147,197,213,218,220,271 shaw, 126, 128, 216, 230 ; Fartown, 231 

Liverpool, 217 Gibraltar, 230 ; New Lane, 231 ; Priestley. 

Lloyd, Rev. Arthm-, 91, 98 126, 216, 230 ; Prospect. 231 ; Smalewell. 230 ; 

Lobley, Dame, 210; John, 114, 116; S., 220 South Pai-k, 231; Union, 128, 230; Union 

Lockwood, John, 145 Bridge, 230 ; Varley's, 2§0 ; Waterloo, 230 

Lodyngton, William de, 13 Miller, Rev. Marmaduke, 108 

London, 6, 45, 50, 74, 75, 91, 93, 98, 149, 158, 161, Milligan, Rev. D. T., 75 

166, 168, 169, 174, 183 Milner, Arms of, 56 ; Chas.. 41. 150 ; John. 39, 41, 

Lonc'wood, 74 84, 150, 153, 158 ; Matthew. 114 ; Robert, 40, 

Lords, House of, 117, 125 135, 158 ; Samuel, 39, 41, 43, 153 ; Tempest, 

Loryman, George, 175 39, 40, 41, 158 

Lowtown, 41, 73, 101, 108, 109, 132, 134. 138, 156, Milnes, John. 71 

166, 174, 176, 194, 197, 210, 213, 216, 2i0, 229 Milnes, and France, 109 
Lumbv, Christopher, 116 ; Joshua, 52, 52, 62, 116, Milnewood, 31 
Ul ; Martha, 58, 85; Robert, 39 ; Robertus Mills, John, 112 
de, H2 ; Samuel, 40, 57, 58, 114 ; Simon, E8 ; MUtou, Lord, 115, 116, 117 
William, 114, 116, 145 Mission Church, St. James's, 75 

Lupton, Elizabeth, 210 ; William, 211 Mitchell, Hemy, 103 ; John, 116 ; Jonathan, 116 ; 

Lustatia, 262 Rev. Wm., 109 

Luther, 26 1 Mitcheson, Thomas, 97 

,, Montgomery, James, 261, 275, 276 

^*^- Moody, Christopher, 102 

Mabelson, John, 13 Moon, Rev. M.A.. 112 

Macaulay, Lord, 165 Moor. Jeremiah, 141 ; Swinnow, 134 

Mackintosh. 5 Moore, James, 104 

Magazine, EuCingiHical, 92 ; Gentleman's, 149 ; New Moorhouso, Stephen, 141 ; Rev. F. W., 91 
Comiex'wn, 178 ; Parish Church, 183 ; Pro- Morant, 9 

testant Disstntfrs, 91 ; St. PauVs, 183 ; York- Moravians, The, 54, 107, 161, 235 
shire. 177 Jlorchoixse, John, 59 

Magna Wistow, 93 Morgan, Thomas, 90, 91 



300 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Jfbrlay, Ric. de, 25 

Morley, 3, 5, 3i, 40, 51, 56, 81, 83, 00, 91, 176, li)2, 
199, 20O, 229, 233 ; John de, 29 ; Wapentake 
of, 22 

Morleyes, Richard, 30 

Morpeth, Lord, 114, 118, 119 

Morrison, Sir George, 121 

Motler, Canon, 112 

Morton, Manor of, 13 

Moseley, D , 220 

Moss, Anne, 65 ; Charles, 116, 141 ; George, 228 ; 
Gregory, 50, 71 ; Matthew, 65 ; Samuel, 50, 
114, 116, 141. 145 ; William, 39, 114, 116 

MSS. Balme's, 69 ; Birch, 48, 56 ; British 
Museum, 51, 52, 57 ; Calverley, 18, 131 ; Hail- 
stones, 131 ; Harleian, 18, 27 ; Hemingway, 
18, 26, 27, 32. 37, 39 ; Hopkinson's, 8 ; Lans- 
downe, 51 ; Wilson's, 8 

Muff, Jonathan, 59 

Murgatroyd. J., 77 

Museum, British, 13, 45, 48, 131 

Musgrave, John, 116 ; S., 125, 126 ; W., 125 

Myers, Cleophas, 125 ; Rev. John, 107 ; William, 
116 

Mylner, Cicely, 40 ; John, 40 ; Margaret, 40 ; 
Robert, 40, 41 ; Richard, 40 ; Thomas, 40. 

Myrfield, 22 

N. 

Nailor, John, 116 ; Mr., 83 

Naylor, Dr. John, 169 

Neissen, Jacob, 262 

NeLson, John, 99, 105 ; Messrs., 104 

Neots, St.. 171 

Nepean, Sir M. If., 174 

Nesbit, Canon, 74 ; Hall, 134, 205, 200, 239, 241 

Nevile, Gervase, 71 

Neville, Testa rle, 23 

Nevile, Thomas, 13 

Newall, Joseph, 141 

Newalle, Robert, 34 

New Connexion Methodists, 103, 105, 106 

Newcastle, 50, 91 

Newell, Hannah, 59 ; James, 59 213 ; Joseph, 59, 

156 
Newlay, 170 

News, The Pudsev, 138, 184, 227 
Nevylle, Sur Robert, 31, 35 
Newsome, 4 ; Temple, 4 
Newton, John Scott de, 20 
Newtone, 34 

New Years Day, 192, 193 
Nicholson, Mr., 169 
Nicholls, William, 153 ; Sarah, 261 
Nisbet, Claud, 206, 241 
Nitschmann, David, 263 
Nonconformists, The, 79, 81, 109 
Normandy, John, 18 
Normans, The, 132 
Northamptonshire, 160 
Northorp, WiUiam, 36 
Northowram, 90 

Northrop, Ellen, 211 ; Joseph, 211 
Northumberland, 92, 136 
Norway, 243 

O. 

Oakley, Sir Herbert, 175 
Dates, William, 116 

Ockerhau=en, Anna Johanna, 54 ; John, 54 
Offices, Local Board, 152, 153 
Oldfield, E., 41 ; Grace, 41 

Organ, Congregational Church, 08 ; St. Law- 
rence's Church, 69 ; Unitarian Church, 112 
Osmond, Thomas, 29 



Ossett, 210, 240 

Oswald, St., Canons of, 20 

Oswinthorpe, 2 

Otley, 198 

Oulcotes, John de, 24, 26 ; Thomas de, 34 

Oulston, 15 

Oustone, John de, 36 

Oatgang, 134 

Overseers, The, 71, 146-149 

Owlcoats, 85 

Oxenford, Edward, 174 

Oxford, 13, 35, 37, 77, 167, 169 



Paganism, Saxon, 3 

Pagans, 3 

Paget, Agnes, 33 ; William, 38 

Paitevin, Robe, t, 19 

Pape, John, 141 

Papelay , John de, 20 

Parker, John, 194 ; Rev. E., 109 

Parkinson, Robert, 71, 143, 144 

Paris, 170 

Parliament, Acts of, 37 

Parsonage, The Old, 47 

Passenham, 160, 161 

Passelewe, Joan, 34 ; John, 34, 30 ; Robert, 29, 

31 ; William, 30 
Pawson, Mrs. Sarah, 102 
Pearson, Abraham, 65 ; A. R., 104 ; Elizabeth, 71, 

85 ; John, 84, 141 ; Joseph, 65, 66 ; Mary, 71 ; 

Rachel, 06 ; Robekan, 65. 
Pedelavium, The, 207 
Penman, George, 102 
Pennington, William, 168 
Penilton, Gilbert de, 11 
Peuistone, 93 
Pennsylvania, 260 
Perci, WUliam de, 4 
Perkln and Bp-ckhouse, 77 
Percy, Lord William, 132 
Philadelphia, 127 
Pickard, W., and Son, 232 
Pilling, S. W., 104 
Pitts, Mrs., 108 
Playground, Fuliieck, 237 
Plischke, Christopher, 149 ; Maria, 261 
Plumbe, Thomas, 150 
Plumpton, Robert de, 25, 34 
Pluuket, Dr., 168 
Podesay, Well of, 1! 
Pollard, Seth, 53 
Pontefi-act, 160 ; Baron of, 5 
Pool, George, 116 

Poor, Overseer of the, 140, 146, 147, 149, 150 
Pope, The, 9 ; 257 
Poppleton, 57, 158 
Presbyterians, The, 87 
Prest, Rev. Charles, 102 
Price, Dr., 105 
Pritchett and Son, 97 
Priestley, Briggs, 121, 122, 123 ; Dr., 162, 165 ; 

Henry, 122 
Priestthorpe, 26 
Proctor, Jacob, 114 ; John, 114 ; Jonas, 143 ; Mrs. 

M. A., 108 ; Robert, 141 
Prudentius, 74 
Pudesay, Nicholaus de, 32 ; Petrus de, 32 ; Thomas 

de, 32 
Pudsey, Agnes, 9 ; Bishop, 131; Bridget, 17; 

Dionysius de, 11 ; EUas de, 10 ; Geoffrey de, 

9, 158 ; Gregory de, 157 ; Henricus de, 17 ; 

Henry ite, 9, "lO, 11 ; Hugh de, 9, 10 ; 

Johanna, 13 ; John, 13, 15 ; John de, 10, 11, 

12, 15; Jordan de, 11; Katherine, 15; 



GENERAL INDEX. 



301 



Pudsey , Lambert de , 10 : Marmaduke, 1 7 ; Pagan de, 
8 ; Peter de, 10, 11 ; Ralph, 17 ; Eicbard, 
11, 15, 131 ; Kichard de, 15, 157 ; Robert, 
15 ; Robert de, 11, 12, 15 ; Roger de, 9, 10, 
15, 158 ; Sampson de, 158 ; Simon, 7, 8,, 
10,11, 12,25,158; Sir George, 180 ; Sir Henry 
de, 7 ; Thomas, 13, 15, 158 ; Thomas de, U ; 
Walter de, w ; William de, 10, 11 
Pudsey, Arms of, 17 

,, Amusements, 192 

,, Band, The, 194 

,, Bibliography, 177 

„ Burial Board, The, 153 

,, Cemetery, The, 154 

„ Choral Union, 195 

,, Cloth Mamifacture in, 228-232 

,, Cock-fighting in, 196 

,, Constable, 144 

„ Cricket in, 197 

„ Division, Parliamentary, 121 

„ Karly Civil History, 1-43 

„ Family of, 12, 131 

„ Feast, 194 

„ Folklore, 184 

„ Football in, 196 

,, Friendly Soc eties, 213 

„ Funerals, 200 

„ Hornblowers, The, 198 

,, In Domesday Book, 6, 7 

,, In Norman Times, 5 

,, In Roman Times, 2 

„ In Saxon Times, 3 

,, Local Board, 152 

,, Longevity in, 210 

„ Lordof, 9, 10, 11,15 

„ Manor of, 8, 40, 41, 84, 132, 158 

,, Manor House, 41 

,, Mechanics' Institution, 223 

„ MiUtia, 141 
MiUs, 230 

„ Newspapers, 184, 187 

,, Old Modes of Punishment in, 199 

,, Overseers, 147 

,, Parliamentary Elections, 114 

,, Parish Apprentices, 149 

„ Peace Rejoicings, 127 

,, Political History, 114 

„ Poll Tax, 33 

,, Population in, 138 

,, Public Rejoicings, 128, 129 

,, Puddmg, The Big, 124 

,, Railway Accommoda' ion, 215 

„ Riding Weddings, 198, 199 

„ Roads, 151 

„ School Board, 220 

„ Social condition of, 202 

,, Superstitions, 191 

,, Town's Committee, 140 
Punshon, Rev. Dr., 102, 168 
Pycard, Robertus, 32 
Pykburne, 36 



Quarry Gap, 154 ; Park Spring 

Moor, 252 
Queen, The, 129, 275 
Quinlan, Rev. — , 112, 113 

R. 

RadcUfEe, John, 147, 149, 150 
Raiue, Canon, 41 
Raistrick, 105 ; William, 141 
Eamftler, Rev. C. F., 149, 180, 272 
Ramsden, Sir John, 119, 120 
Randall, Joseph, 160 



217 ; Upper 



Rastryke, John, 37, 38 : Henrv, 37 

Ratcliffe, 116 

Rathmell, 83 

Rattenbury, Rev. John, 102 

R.a\vden, 3, 33, 39, 85, 109, 121, 170, 173 

Ray, Rev. John, 82, 83 

Rayner, Alice, 71 ; Henry, 151 ; Jonas, 71 ; 

Joseph, 66, 145 ; Simeon, v., 180, 206, 220 ; 

William, 66 
Read ns, 165 

Record Office, The Public, 6, 38, 43, 131 
Rede, John le, 21 
Redistribution Bill, The, 121 
Redruth, 101, 165 
Reform BUI, The, 117 
Reformation, The, 45, 238 
Begister, The Annual, 2 
Registers, Berry's, 86, 87 ; BramUy Chiircli, 90 

Calnetiey, 31, 39, 41, 46, 50, 55, 58, 81 ; Con- 

gregational, 93 ; Northowram, 82, 83, 89 

Parish Church, 55 
Registrar, Diocesan, 53 
Reichel, Rev. C. Parsons, 167, 168, ISO 
Bep rter, Pudsey, 184 
Restoration, The, 193 
Reyner, Rev. K., 51 
Rhodes Joseph, 114; Rev. C, 95 
Richard I., 9 ; II., 13, 15, 32, 33, 34, 35, 43, 203 ; 

III., 38 
Richardson, Ellis, 19 ; James, 116 
Richmond, Earl of, 132 
Rider, Agnes, 59, 60 ; Mary, .59 ; Thomas, 59, 60 ; 

William, 59 
Riding, The West, 6, 28, 32, 41, 49, 79, 91, 92, 117, 

lis, 121, 150, 192, 208 ; North, 93, 105 
Riding Weddings, 198, 199 
Rigby, Colonel, 47 
Riley, John, 55 ; Samuel, 55 
Riots, Toll Bar, 146 
Ripon, 1, 45 ; Bi?hop of, 75, 155 
Rissheworth, John, 36 
Rither, Thomas, 116 
Road, Balnie, 151 ; Beaumont, 151 ; Eelley Well, 

151 ; Clayton, 151 ; Delphend, 151 ; Dobson, 

151 ; Driver, 151 ; Dyehouse, 151 ; Dyson, 151 ; 

Farrar, 151 ; Gawthorpe, 151 ; Greenside, 

151 ; Hinchliffe, 151 ; lutack, 151 ; Jumbles- 
well, 151 ; Langley, 151; Middle, 151; 

Midgly, 151; Milner, 151; Mill, 151; Mill 

Stead, 151 ; Moor Side, 151 ; Pearson, 151 ; 

PinebeUy, 151 ; Quarry, 151 ; Rayner, 151 ; 

Sizinghouse, 151 ; Smalewell, 151 ; Windmill, 

151 ; Ward, 151 ; WoodweUs, 151 
Roads, Roman, 2 

Roberts, Dr., 98 ; Joseph, 109, 211 ; Rev. R., 102 
Robinson, Charles, Ul, 217 ; John, 105, 141 ; 

Joshua, 141 ; Rev. George, 74 ; William, 141 
Rodley, 173 ; John, 38 
Rogers, Samuel, 165, 194 ; William, 85 
Boll, Suisicly, 23, 32, 38, 43 
Bolls, Bradford Manor, 29; Manor Court, 202; 

Pipe. 9 ; Pleas, 8 ; Poll Tax, 34 ; S-'ssions, 83 ; 

Wakefield Court, 210; Wakefield Manor, 24, 

131 
Rome, 3 

Room, Public, 156 
Ross, John, 145 
Rothelay, Alicia de, 32 ; Job: de, 25, 38 ; Robertus 

de, 32, 35 ; Thomas, 37 ; William, 37 
Rotheley, 38 
RothweU, 5 
Roudon, John de, 13 
Roundhay, 2 
Roval Family, The, 275 
Royd, Dick, 71, 166 ; West, 134 



302 GENERAL INDEX. 

Rucker, Ai-thuv W., 122 Shrovetide, 193 

Kuddle, Rev, James, 113 Sidmoutli, 165 

Rudersdorf, Madame, 169 Simons, H., 143 

RufEord, 47 Simpson, Francis, 141 ; Jacob, 57, 71, 159 ; 

Rushforth, WOliam, 141 Jonathan, 141 ; Rev. J., 112, 113 

Ryan, Rev. Dr., 155 Skolton, John, 149 

Rvley, John, 164, 160 ; Samuel, 166 ; 'William, Skinner, VVilelmus, 33 
114 Skyrack, 4, 27 

Q Slack, Catherine, 208 

Smith, Ann, 26 ; G. R., 79 ; Hannah, 85 ; H. C, 

Sale, Beatrix, 81, 82, 159 ; James, 39, 47, 50, 51, 212 ; Isaac, 85 ; Jame=i, 141 ; Jeremiah, 85 • 

79, 82, 83, 134, 158, 182 John, 52, 85 ; Ralph, 38 ; Robert, 114, 153 ; 

Salter, Robert, 152, 170; Joseph, 170, 230 Rev. C, 109; Rev. tl. Bodell, 112; Samuel, 

Sampson, Adam, 134; Thomas, 18; Walter, 11, 183; W. B , 97 ; William, 192, 200, 209 

158 Smithe, Ralph, 37 

Sandall, Wm., 50 Smythe. Ralph, 37 ; Thomas, 43 

Saville, John, 38 ; Sir John, 41, 133 Snow, Fr.mcis, 114 

Sawj'er, T., 97 Society, The Royal, 162 ; Surtecs, 38, 50 

Saxon, Anglo-, 104 Societies, I'riendly, 213 ; Industrial Co-operative, 

Saxons, The, 2, 3, 275 213, 214 

Scales, William Dibb, 125, 126, 128, 153, 170, 209, Someroetshire, 93 

226 Sotfhille, Hen., 35 ; John, 37 

Scarborough, 169 Southampton, 165 

Scar, G-uthlac's, 4 Southowram, 22 

Scarglll, "Warren de, 28 ; WDl, 36, 37 f-owerby, 90 

Scarth, WiUiam, 116 Spencer, Christopher, 36 

Scatcherd, NoiTisson, 199, 200 St. Lawrence Church, 66, 74 ; St. Paul's, 75, 78 

Schepdene, Hugh de, 24 Stable, Samuel, 50 

Schirebrooke, 26 Stang, Riding the, 200 

Scholefield, Ann, 211 ; John, 09, IIG, 145 Staiuulf, 3, 5, 6, 7, 130, 132, 157 

Schoineld, Benjamin, 2 Stake, F., 79 

Schon, Emma dela, 9 Stalker, Rev. A. M., Ill 

School Board, The, 74, 97, 219, 220 ; Bradford. 221 Stalybridge, 73, 87 
School, Church Lane, 103; Congregational, 219 ; Staneley, 39 

FartO'TO, 111; Free, 160; Fulneck, 242 ; Stamp, Rev. W. W., 102 
Gibraltar, 222 ; Infant, 919 ; Lower Weslevan, Stanhope, Gen., 88 ; Elizabeth, 261 
101; Moravian, 222; National, 219; Rud- Stanniugley, 69, 85, 110, 111, 136, 173, 174, 213, 
cliffe Lane, 222 ; Riokardshaw, 219 ; Roker 219, 220 

Lane, 109; Town's, 218; Training, 219 ; Stanntone, John de, 30, 34 ; Matilda, 31 
Upper, 101, 222 ; Ziou, 222 Stapleton, Hugh de, 18 ; Nicholas de, 28 

Schools, Leeds Grammar, 209 ; Pudsey, 219 Stauntoue, Johannes, 32 

Sclake, Johannes, 32 Steadmau, Dr., 110 

Scot, Adam, 21 ; Henry, 9, 18, 19, 20, 21 ; Hugh, Stephen, 7 ; Earl, 9 
20; John, 1.3, 22, i24, 25; Robert, 19, 20 ; Steeple, Ashton, 163 
Roger, 18, 21; Walter, 37; Sir WUliam, 19, Stewart, Sir M. S., 174 
20 ; "Will, 9, 18, 19, 20, 21, 37 Stillings, James. 220 

Scotland, 27, 57, 125, 159, 175 Stock, Rev. J., Ill 

Scott, David, 177 ; M., 128 ; Sarah, 85 ; Thoma', Stockton, 171 

165 Stone, William, 218 

Soottisli Invasion, The, 27 Stool, The Ducking, 199 

Seacroft, 5, 39 Stornetoa, Thomas de, 25 

Secretary, The Home, 154 Stotheley, John, 38 

Sedberge, 9 Stowe, Family of, 71 ; Frederick, 71 ; William, 

Sedgewick, Rev. Mr., 160 145, 260 

Seiffiu-th, Benjamin, 270 Strafford, Stoney, 160 

Selby, Peter de, 21 Stretton, Kev. Richard, 82 

Senior, Henry, 71 ; John, 155 ; Joseph, 116 Strickland, Abraham, 173 ; P., 79 ; J. E., 79; John, 

Feiiyer, James, 85 85 ; Joshua, 141 ; P. A., 173, 174 ; Sir G., 118; 

Serjeant, Robert, 31 ; Simon the, 19 William, 141 

Sesay, Lord of, 35, 36 Stuart, Rev. J. W., Ill 

Sessions, Leeds, 138 ; Petty, 209 ; Quarter, 82, 121 Styneclyngflet, 11 
SetLeringtan, Lord of, 36 Suffolk, 165 

Settle, 7 Sugden, George, 59 ; John, 222 ; Nancy, 59 

Sewfll, Edward, 128, 129, 156, 181, 212, 236, 257 Sunderland, Joseph, 79 ; M., 108 ; Mr.s., 195 
Sextus, L. 7.J Superstitions, 185, 191 

Sharp, B. W., 177 ; Rev. Thomas, 79 ; William, 141 Surtees Society, 27 
Sheffield, 98, 168 Survey, Parliamentary, 51 

Shaw, John, 104, 105, 106, 107, 183 ; James, 105 ; Surveyors, Highway, 150 

Martha, 135 Sutcliffe, John, 141 ; Rev. Joseph, 101, 164, 181 ; 

Sheldon, Jack, 196 Rev. C. E., 146, 182 

Sherburn, 2 Suttone, Chaplain of, 35 

Sherrington, Madame, 169 . Swelyugtone, llogerde, 35 

Shifnall, 111 Swillington 4 ; Sir Hugh de, 25 

Shipley, 22, 43, 132, 139, 228 Swinlington, Hugh de, 18 

Shropshire, 111 ; Shoesmith, John, 116 Symson, John, 37 ; Robert, 37 ; William, 37, 38 



GENERAL INDEX. 



303 



T. 
Tadcaster, 4 
TanfieW, John, 37 
Tange, Richard de, 9 
Taunton, 93 

Tax, Hearth, 81 ; Income, 38, 39 ; Poll, 32, 33 
Taylor, Adam, 141 ; C. E., 103 ; David, 114 ; Geo. 

T.. 102 ; Eev. R. V., 168 ; Rev. W., 270 
Teal, Jonathan, 150 
Tempest, John, 37 ; Sir E., 233, 245 ; Squire, 146, 

Thomas, 37 
Temple, Tlie Middle, 163 
Tenuis Lawn, 198 
Telley, Edward, 232 
a hackeray, Joseph, 230 ; Mr., 149 
Thieves, The Forty, 120 
Thorne, 111 

Thomas, Rev. Daniel, 75 
Thompson, Rev. R. B., 74, 75; Mi-s., 75 ; Mr., 106; 

H. S., 120 
Thoresby, Ralph, 7, 40, 41, 48, 56, 82, 159 
Thornetum, Roger de, 18 ; Thomas de, 21 
Thorahille, Sir John de, 10, 20,26, 28; Richard de, 

35 
Thornore, John de, 34 
Thornton, 93, 122, 159 ; John, 159 ; Jonas, 166 ; 

Richard, 43, 159 ; William, 54 
Thorntone, 34 

Thorpe, Madam, 84 ; Eev. Itichard, 83, 159 
Threapleton, William, 141 
Thitrstonland, 74 
TiUey, John. 10, 20 
Tilly, Ralph de, 18, 20 
Tindall, Edward, 99, 100, 116 
Tireshall, 9; Lord of, 9 ; Robertde, 9 
Til-sale, William de, 21, 30 
Tirsad, John de, 29 ; Thomas de, 29, 34, 202 ; 

WlUeimusde, 32 
Todd. Rev. R., 51 
Toms, Rev. W., 77 
Tong, 2, 3, 5, 7, 31, 41, 85, 121, 137, 235, 215 ; 

Richard de, 20. 23, 26, 27, 28 ; Thomas, 37 
TordofE, Joseph, 229 
Tornetiim, John de, 19 ; Thomas de, 18 
Tostig, Earl,4 

Towneslowerd, John, 11, 21, 22, 24, William, 24, 26 
Town, Alice, 63 ; Joseph, 153 ; Joshua, 63 
Townsman, The, 177, 184 
Tozer, Rev. T. W., 93, 94 
Troiighton, Benj., 146 ; Thomas, 150 
Troydale, 133, 134, 135, 207 
Tucker, Captain, 183 

Timnicliffe, Esther, 65 ; John, 65 ; Matthew, 65 
Turner, Cholmely, 90, 114,115 ; J. Horsfall, 31, 87; 

John, 130, 132 ; Joseph, 211 ; Peter, 71 ; Rev. 

WOliam, 91, 141, 1>52 
Tyne, Newcastle upon, 47 
Tyrisall, Thomas de, 32 
Tyrsale, 20, 25, 26 ; Hughde, 20, 21; Lambert de, 

20; Richard of, 18, 20; Thomas de, 21,29, 

31 ; William de, 34 

V. 

Ungthnrpe, 15 

Union, Band of Hope, 212 ; Choral, 173 ; Literaiy, 
227 ; Sunday School, 222 

trnitarians. The, 112 

University, Cambridge, 51 ; Dublin, 161 ; Edin- 
burgh, 175 ; London, 93 

Upton, John, 116 



Valentine Day, 193 

Valerian, 74 

Valor Ecdesiasticus, 45, 131 



Varley, J. W.,194; Nelson, 169 ; Richard, 169 ; 

Samuel, 158, 230 ; William, 176, 230 
Vavysour, 39 

Verity, Benjamin, 79,116, 153; Christopher, 145 
Vickers, C. E., 79 ; V.\ H., 79 
Victoria, Queen, 102 
ViUarum Nomina, 27 
Vinrodes, 26 

W. 

Wade, Benj., 102 ; John, 71 ; Samuel, 220 

Wadlands, :i6, 41 

Wages in Yorkshire, 203 

Waibliuger, Ignatius, 149, 150 

Wainman. Eliz., 90 ; John, 65, 89, 114 ; Mrs., 90 ; 

Sarah, 91 
Waite, Benjamin, 109 

Wakefield, 24, 41, 82, 83, 91, 139, 159, 160, 162, 168 
Walcar, John, 38 
Wales, Rev. Elkanah, 4, 46, 48, 49. 50. 51,56, 79, 

81, 158, 182, 207 ; Prince of, 128, 121) ; Samuel, 

56 
Walker, John, 116; John H., 170; Joseph, 83, 

170, 182; Matthew. 153,212; Robert, 39 ; 

Robert le, 30; Samuel, 114; Thomas, 211; 

William, 116 
Walterson, Simon, 19 
Walt.m, George, 125, 141 ; Hannah, 211 ; John, 

211 ; Joseph, 141; William, 156 
Ward, Roger, 35, 36 ; Thomas, 102 
Warde, John, 35 ; Sir Simon, 25 ; William, 37 
Waterhouse, Elizabeth, 260 ; Hannah, 211; James, 

211 ; Joseph, 260 ; Robert, 40 
Waterloo, 108, 133, 176, 220 
Watertone, Robert, 37 
Waterwor.is, The, 156 
Waterworth, Robert, 53 
Watkinson, John, 116 
Watson, Hannah, 2] 1 ; Jeremiah, 211 ; William, 

114 
Watteville, Fr( dk. de, 264 ; John de, 241, 254 
Waugh, Richard, 39 
Wayde, Robert, 39 
Wayt, Johannes, 32 
Webster, Henry, 102; John, 102, 116; Joseph, 

153 ; Mary, 260 ; Samuel, 103 
Weddings, Riding, 198 
Well, Acres, 25 ; Bankhouse, 25 ; Dyeholes, 216 ; 

Green, 25; Jumbles, 25, 134, 133, 211 ; Smale, 

25, 135, 197 
Wellington, Duke of, 176 
Wentworth, Thomas. 39 
AVesley, Dr., S. S., 169 ; John, 99, 100, 101, 104, 240, 

242 
Wesleyans, The, 105, 107 
Westmerland, Lord of, 37 
Westmoreland, 73 
West Riding, Eastern Division, 1 ; Northern, 93, 

105 
Wheater, Joshua, 176 ; William, 138 206 
Wharfe, The, 2 
Wharfedale, 35 
Wharton, Annie, 40 
Wheldale, 37 
Whitaker, Dr., 7, 15 
Whitehead, John, 152 

Whitfield, 90, 240; John, 116, 114; Matthew, 229 
Whitehall, 160 
Whiteside, Dr., 1C9 
Whithende, Thomas, 34 
Whitley, Thomas, 37, 143 ; William, 63 
Whit-Monday, 193 
Whitstable, 168 
Wideman, Mr.. 150 
Wilberforce, 276 



504 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Wild, Joliu, 102 ; Tom, UA 

Wildon, liobert Carrick, 177 

AVilkinson, Henry, 116; Joseph, 116 

Willasey, John, 114 

Willelmi, Johannes filius, 32 

WillesthoiTje, John, 36 

Willey, Robert, 270 

William, King, 8, 82 

Willshavv. Kcv. W.. 108 

Wilson, Christopher, 153 ; James, 126 ; John, 27 
141, 153; Jeremiah, 114; Joseph, 145, 211 
Peter, 54 ; Petrus, 43 ; R. F., 117 ; Robert, 55 ; 
Rev. George, 91 ; Sarah, 260 ; Thomas, 132 ■ 
William, 114 ' 

Wilsone, Thomas, 37, 38 

Wirkel, Robert de, IS 

Wirkelay, Peter de, 18 ; Will de, 18 

Wise, Christopher, 85 

Withington, Rev. J, S., 103 

■Wodehallc, 26, 30, 31 

Wodekirke, 20 

Wodehall, Hugh de, 11, 21, 22, 23,24, 25, 26, 27 28 
45 ; Jordan de, 10, 18, 19 ' ' 

Womersley, D.. 230; Richard, 171, 172 

Wood, Ann, 260 ; B.. 101 ; Hannah, 89 ; Isaac, 153 • 
Israel, 141 ; James, 160; Rev. W., 91; Thomas' 
116; W., 125 . , , 

Woodhall, 85 

Woodhouse, Aid. Edwin, 269 



Worcester, Florence of, 4 

Worcestershire, 93 

Workman, Rev. J. S., 102 

Worthies, Leeds, ISO 

Wortley, 33, 34, 109, 213 ; Stuart, 118, 119 

Wraton, Adam de, 11 

Wridlesforth, Sir John de, 18, 20 

AVright, Mr., 17 

Wulstan, Archbishop, 4 
, Wyke, 2ft8, 274 
; AVynthoiiDe, Will de, 30 

Wyrkelay, AYilliam, de, 35, 36 

Y. 

Yarmouth, Great, 164 

Yeadon, 13, 33, 150,206 

York, 4,13, 23, 27, 44, 45, 50, 53, 59, 114, 116, 135, 

143; Archbishop of, 4 ; County of, 32, 38, 5l' 

114; Minster, 169 
Yorkshire, 27, :;S, 43, 79, 87, 91, 93, 95, 99, 105 111 

117, 123, 136, 157, 194, 247 ; Annals of, 3; Coii- 

gregationalism in, 83, 89 
Young, John, 103 



Zinzendorf, Count, 23S, 240, 26?, 263, 264 265 
Zi n Chapel. 103 
Zoom, Bergen-op- 176 




LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 



LARGE PAPER COPIES. 



Antiquarian and Historical Society, Bradfoid (J. A. Clapham, Secretary). 
Atkinson, Samuel. Gentleman, Moor-AUerton Lodge, Leeds. 

Brook. Thomas, F.S.A., Merchant, Armytage Bridge, Huddersfield. 

Beer, John T., F S.A.S., F.R.S L., Threapland House, Fulneck, near Leeds, 

Brown, Thomas, Manufacturer, Mount Cross, Bramley. 

Beaumont, James, Crawshaw Field, Pudsey. 

Brear, Thomas, and Co., Limited, Kirkgate, Bradford. 

Banks, James, Manufacturer, West House, Pudsey. 

Bywater, William, Clough House, Birstal, near Leeds. 

Bywater, James, Birstall Foundry, near Leeds. 

Bennett, William, Lion House, Pudsey. 

CoLLYER, Bev. Robert, D.D., 137, East Thirty-ninth Street, New York, U.S.A. 

Cliff, John, F.R.Hist.Soc, Nesbit Hall, Pudsey. 

Carr, Mrs. H. J., Church Lane, Pudsey. 

Craven, Frank, New Industry Mills, Bradford. 

Coates, Frederick, Croft Terrace, Faruley, near Leeds, 

Camidge, William, Secretary, Savings Bank, York. 

Dyso>-, William Colbeck, F.S.AS., Rock House. Batley. 

Dodgson, Joseph, Bookseller. 35, Park Row, Leeds. 

Driver, Mrs., Croft House, Stanningley. ("2 copies) 

DawsoQ, Mrs. Joseph, Elm Grange, Bramley, near Leeds, 

Dickons, J. Noi-ton, Solicitor, 13, Cheapside, Bradford. 

Empsall, Thomas T., President A. and H. Society, Ashgrove, Bradfoi'd. 

Essington, Miss, Sisters' House, Fulneck. 

Federer, Carl A., L.C.P., 8, Hallfield Road, Bradford. 

Forrest, W. C, Manufacturer, Woodlands, Pudsey. 

Gaskell, Milkes-, Charles George, M.P. , J. P., D.L. , Thornes House, Wakefield. 

Gaunt, Leonard, Manufacturer, Prospect House, Farsley, near Leeds. 

Grainge, "William, Author of "History of Harrogate," Harrogate. 

Goodall, J. E., Alma House. Pudsey. 

Guy, William, Melbourne Place, Bradford. 

Gaunt, J. W., Summertield, Calverley Lane, Bramley. 

Gaunt, Reuben, jun.. Ivy Cottage, Farsley. 

Gray, James, Greeuside Cottage, Pudsey. 

X 



3o6 



SUBSCRIBERS. 



Hai>'swobth, Lewis, 118, Bowling Old Lane, Bradford. 

Hutton, Daniel Fiilneck, near Leeds. 

Hinings, J. Edward, Pudsey. 

Hainsworth, Thomas E., West View Terrace, Skipton. 

Hutton, Enoch, Columbarian House, Pudsey. 

Hinings, George, Littlemoor Hall, Pudsey. 

Haigh, William, Gear and Slay Manufacturer, Batley. 

Haley, William, Valley Road, Pudsey. 

Huggan, William, Manufacturer, Lowtown, Pudsey. (2 copies) 

Huggan, Thomas, Manufacturer, Lowtown, Pudsey. (2 copies) 

Hudson, Alfred, Radclifle Lane, Pudsey. 

Hepworth, Charles. Grocer, Armley, near Leeds. 

Heyworth, Charles, Grocer, Tong Road, Armley. 

Hyland, S., Radcliffe House, Pudsey. 

Jewers, Arthur J., F.S.A., 6, Seaton Terrace, Mutley, Plymouth. 

Kershaw, Dr., Radcliffe House, Pudsey. 

Lister, Rev. E. C, M.A., Stanningley, near Leeds. 

Lawson, Joseph S., Solicitor, Leeds and Horsforth 

Lund, Thomas, Cemeteiy Road, Pudsey. 

Library, and Literary Society, Bradford (J. Rhodes, Librarian). 

Milne, Samuel Milne, Calverley House, near Leeds. 

Moseley, David, Church Lane, Pudsey. 

Mills, J. G., Cuttlehurst, Huddersfield. 

Marsden, Sam, Chapeltown, Pudsey. 

Margerison, Samuel, Calverley Lodge, Calverley, near Leeds. 

Priestley, Brigc4S, M.P., J.P., Fern Cliffe, Apperley, near Leeds. 

Pudsey, Lieut.-Col., 2ndE.R. of Y.A.V.C, 6, Crown Terrace, Hull. 

Peck, William, Bookkeeper, Armley, near Leeds. 

Ross, Joseph, Manufacturer, Hazelbrae, Farsley, near Leeds. 

Rayner, Ephraim, 4, Low Town, Pudsey. 

Rayner, Joshua, East View Lane End, Pudsey. 

Rayner, Miss Lilian, Drighlington, near Leeds. 

Riley, Abraham, Bramley. 

Robinson, G. H., Bookseller, 16, Market Street, Leeds. 

Smith, William, F.S.A.S., Osborne House, Morley, near Leeds. 

Scales, William Dibb, Gentleman, Grove House, Pudsey. (4 copies) 

Scott, Joseph, vSolicitor, Albion Street, Leeds. 

Salter, Joseph, The Oaks, Horsforth, near Leeds. (2 copies) 

Stilliiigs, James, Merchant, Radcliffe Villa, Pudsey. (3 copies) 

Stockwell, Alderman Edward, Croft House, Morley. 

Shaw, Mrs., Westroyd Villa, Pudsey. 

Sewell, H. Bai'tholdy, Long Preston, Craven. 

Scarth, Ben, Gentleman, Thorp Hall, Wakefield. 

Suddick, G., Merton Villa, Headingley. 

Spencer, Squire, Manufacturer, Littlemoor, Pudsey. 

Smith, James, Chapeltown, Pudsey. 

Stricklaad, William, Sunfield, Stanningley. 

Stott, Daniel, Littlemoor, Pudsey. 

Tacey, William G., L.R.CP., F.R.M.S., 6, Manningham Lane, Bradford. 
Turner, J. Horsfall, Author of " History of Hkley," Idle, near Bradford. 
Thackray, William, 16, Hall Ings, Bradford. 
Thompson, Rev. R. B., The Vicarage, Church Lane, Pudsey. 
Threapleton, Simeon, Crimbles, PudseJ^ 

Webster, Councillor George, Manufacturer, The Woodlands, Gilderscme. 
Waterhouse, David, 21, Coleridge Place, Hillside Villas, Bradford. 



SUBSCRIBERS. 307 



Wiirtzburg, JohiiHenrv, 2, De Gi'ey Road, Leeds. 

Womeisley, George, Hill Foot, Pudsey. 

Walton, Edward, Littlemoor, Pudsey. 

Wilson, Benjamin, Stoney Lane, Ecclebliill, near Leeds. 

Walker, Matthew, Manufacturer, Swinnow House, Pudsey, 

Wade, Vicker.-!, Bankhouse Lane, Pudsey. 

Webster, W. S., Crawshaw Villa, Pudsey. 

Webster, John, 36, Chapeltown, Pudsey. 



SMALL PAPER COPIES. 



Aldam, William, M.A., J.P., Frickley Hall, near Doncaster. 

Andrews, William, F.R.H.vS. , Rose Cottage, Hessle, near Hull. 

Ackroyd, George, J. P., Bradford Banking Co., Bradford. (2 copies) 

Armytage, George J., F.S.A., Clifton Woodhead, Brighouse. 

Armytage, Captain Godfrey, The Court, Ackworth, Pontefract. 

Anderton, William, J. P., Elm Bank, Cleckheaton. 

Andrew, John, 36, Sunny Bank Terrace, Leeds. 

Armitage, Henry, Painter and Decorator, Queen Street, Morley. 

Atkinson, Rev. John, Wohler AUee, 42, Altona, Hamburg. 

Armitage, Gerald, Greenside, Pudsey. 

Armitage, Samuel, Greenside Hou.'^e, Pudsey. 

Anderton, Rev. William Edward, M.A., Woodford, Essex. 

Bruce, Samuel, J.P., LL.D., St. John's House, Wakefield. 

Batty, John, F.R.H.S., Author, East xU'dsley, near Wakefield. 

Bickersteth, Rev. M. C., M.A., Vicar, St. Paul's Vicarage, Stanningley, 

Briggs, Arthur, J. P., Cragg Royd, Rawden, near Leeds. 

Binns, Joseph E , 69, Raglan Road, Woodhouse, Leeds. 

Brammall, J. Holland, Sale Hill House, Sheffield. 

Binks, John, Corn Merchant, Burton Street, Wakefield. 

Banks, Mrs. G. Linnajus, 34, Fassett Square, Dalston, London. 

Booth, James, Low Town, Pudsey. 

Banks,- James, Manufacturer, West House, Pu(lse3^ (2 copies) 

Birks, James W. , Hatter and Outfitter, Chapeltown, Pudsey. 

Brookes, W. Murray, School House, Bolton Lane, Bradford. 

Brear, Thomas, and Co., Limited, 17 and 19, Kirkgate, Bradford. 

Bannister, Lepton D., 36, Hampton Road, Southport, Lancashire. 

Banks, Mr.«., 31, Cliflf Road, Leeds. 

Briggs, Samuel T., 18, Southfield Square, Bradford. 

Brown, James, M.A., 29, Springfield Place, Bradford. 

Boothman, David, Gentleman, Headingley, near Leeds. 

Baggaley, George, 16, Ashwood Terrace, New Street, Pixdsey. 

Baker, John, 3l), Church Lane, Piidsey. 

Butler, B., 516, Sticker Lane, Bradford. (2 copies) 

Brayshaw, J., 43, Bruce Street, New Wortley, Leeds. 

B}; water, William, Clough House, Birstal, near Leeds. 

Banks, Joseph, 6, New Street, Pudsey. 

Boyes, John, Albion Mills, Pudsey. 

Briggs, Mr., Co-operative Stores, Greenside, Pudsey. 

Beaumont, Miss Elizabeth, Greenside, Pudsey. 

Beaumont, William, Farmer, Greenside, Pudsey. 

Braithwaite, Sylvester, Fartown, Pudsey. 



308 SUBSCRIBERS. 

Broadliead, L., 1, Church Street, St. Helens, Lancashire, 
Brown, Benjamin, Currier, Hough End, Bramley. 
Blackburn, Thonios, Low Lane, Birstall, near Leeds. 
Bailey. S. A., Beamsley Road, Frizinghall, Bradford. 
Brigg, William, 3, Staple Inn, Holborn, London, W.C 
Birks, George, Radcliffe Lane, Pudsey, 
Blacklmrn, Miss H,, 78, Otley Road, Bradford, 
Beer, Miss, Bishop Auckland, 
Beer, Victor E,, New York, U,S,A, 
Booth, Samuel, Greenside, Pudsey. 

Claridge, William, M.A.. 7, Farcliffe Terrace, Bradford. 

Cliff, John, F.G.S,, F,R.Hist.S., Nesbit Hall, Fulneck. (6 copies) 

Carr, Albert Edward, Solicitor, Littlemoor, Pudsey. 

Cudworth, William, Observer Office, Bradford. 

Cordingley, John R., 10, Melbourne Place, Horton Lane, Bradford. 

Clarkson, William Henry, Globe Hotel, Pvockingham Street, Leeds. 

Cooper, William, Gladstone Cottage, Farnworth, near Bolton. 

Chadwick, S. J., Solicitor, Church Street, Dewsbury. 

Clemens, Rev. E., Fulneck. 

Clough, John, Hammerton Close, Pudsey. 

Cole, William, Manchester Road, Bradford. 

Clough, W''illiam Dibb, Scales' Buildin^;s, Chapeltown, Pudsey. 

Cauthery, J,, 129, Napier Street, Laisterdyke, Bradford, 

Cooper, John, Crawshaw House, Robin Lane, PudseJ^ (3 copies) 

Cooper, Thomas, Robin Lane, Pudsey, 

Coates, Frederick, Croft Terrace, Fnrnley, near Leeds. 

Crowther, Dr,, M.S,A., 1, Bond Street, St. John's, W^akefield. 

Carleton, Will, Author, 420, Greene Avenue, Brooklyn, New York, U,S,A, 

Clapham, John W,, Oakdale House, Meanwood Road, Leeds. 

Clapham, John, Medical Botanist, Oak House, Meanwood Road, Leeds. 

Clifj, David Yewdall, 7, Wellington Street, Leeds, 

Cliff", Byron, 2, Lodge View, Tong Lane, Wortley, Leeds, 

Cliff, Cromwell, Halton Road, Runcorn, Cheshiie, 

Coates, Miss, Marsh, Pudsey. 

Carr, Edwin, Fartown, Pudsey. 

Cobley, Fred., c'o Messrs. William W^alker and Sons, Otley. 

Carr, Simeon, Springwood House, Littlemoor, Pudsey. 

Crowther, Miss, Littlemoor Hall, Pudsey. 

Clayton, J. S., Scott Hill, Pudsey. 

Davis, James W., F.S.A,, F.L.S., F.G.S., Chevinedge, Halifax. 

Dyson, George, Draper, Bethel Street, Brighouse. 

Dodgson, Joseph, Bookseller, 35, Park Row, Leeds. 

Drake, John, 40, Valley Road, Pudsey, 

Dixon, David, South Brook Sti-eet, Leeds, 

Dufton, George, Estate Agent, Pudsey. 

Dufton, Benjamin, 3. Radcliffe Lane, Pudsey. 

Deacon, Mrs. William, St. George's Terrace, Kidderminster. 

Dodgshun, .John Edward, 8, Fountayne Road, Stoke Newington, Loudon. 

Driver, Mrs., Croft Hou=e, Stanningley. 

Dale, John, and Co,, Booksellers. 17, Bridge Street, Bradford. 

Dobson, John, Top of Lowtown, Pudsey. (2 copies) 

Emsley, John, Adam and Emerald Streets, Kensington, Philadelphia. (4 copies) 
Embleton, Thomas W., Mining Engineer, The Cedars, Methley, near Leeds. 
EUisdon, W. C. , 77, Reginald Terrace. Chapeltown Road, Leeds, 
Elliott, Rev, R.. Tlie College, Fairfield, near Manchester, 
Eddison, Thomas, Whitehall Road, New Wortley, near Leeds. 



SUBSCRIBERS. 309 

Elsworth, John W., Stanningley. (2 copies) 

Ellis, H. T., Fulneck. 

Eslielbjs H. D.. 21, Park Road South, Birkenhead, Cheshire. 

Emsley, John, Stationer, Chapeltown, Pudsey. (-i copies) 

Eii_dand, J. G., Hill Top House, Wortl y, near Leeds. 

Emsley, Matthew, Bookseller, Lowtown, Pudsey. (2 copies) 

Elsworth, William, Lowtown, Pudsey. 

Elsworth, Bateman, Wigan, Lancashire. 

Fallow, T. M., M.A., Coathatn House, Coatham, Redcar. 

Farquhar, James, M. i '., Harrogate. 

Fearnside, Edwin, Manufacturer, Cliff Mount, Leeds 

Fielding, James \V., Wortley Lane, New Wortley, Leeds. 

Friend,"Rev. Hilderic, F.L.S., Worksop, Notts. 

Fox, William, Longside Lane, Bradford. 

Farrar, Thomas H., 45, Savile Park, Halifax. 

Faubert, Isaac, Faruley, near Lends. 

Graham, Rev. H. J., M.A., Bulcote House, Scarborough. (2 copies) 

Goss, W. H., F.G.S., Stoke-on-Trent. 

Garth, E. Machill, F.E.I.S., Old Free Manse, Inverkip, Greenock, N.B. (2 copies) 

Glossop, William, Accountant, 33, Kirkgate, Bi-adford. 

Gaunt, Reuben, Manufacturer, Springwood, Farsley, near Leeds. 

Gaunt, Charles, Manufacturer, Springwood, Farsley, near Leeds. 

Gaunt, Leonard, Manufacturer, Prospect House, Farsley. 

Guest, W. H., 78. Cross Street, Manchester. 

Groves, Henry, School House, Arkengarth Dale, Richmond, Yorks. 

Gott, Henry, Postmaster, Post Office, Pudsey. 

Gilling, Miss E., Queanbeyan, New South Wales. 

Glover, J. S., Fulneck, near Leeds. 

Galloway, Fred., 120, Bowling Old Lane, Bradford. 

Gambles, Mr. Alfred, Greenside, Pudsey. 

Gledhill, Benjamin, 129, Rushton Road, Thornbury, Bradford. 

Gambles, William, Bradford. 

Hunter, William Lovell, M.D., Pudsey. (2 copies) 

Holroyd, Abraham, Author and Antiquary, Alexandra Road, Shipley. 

Henderson, Rev. D. A., Congregational Minister, The Maase, Pudsey. (2 copies) 

Hall, Joseph, Manufacturer, IS, Woodbine Place, Leeds. 

Huggan, John, Grocer, Pudsey. 

Haley, Charles Henry, Rickardshaw Lane, Stanningley. 

Hewitt, John, 92, Harris Street, Leeds Road, Bradford. , 

Holmes, Richard, Printer and Newspaper Proprietor, Pontefract. 

Hemsley, John, Cotton Warp Merchant, Victoria Road, Morley. 

Hustler, Benjamin, Cloth Finisher, Cobd en Street, Morley. 

Harrison, Dennis Rider, Lane End, Pudsey. 

Hall, Joseph, Chapeltown, Pudsey. 

Hare, Sam, 9, Radcliffe Terrace, Pudsey. 

Hardcastle, C. D., Calverley Chambers, Victoria Square, Leeds. 

Hainsworth, Heniy, Woodville, Farsley. 

Hinings, J. Asquith, Rock Villas, Pudsey. 

Hyland, S., Radcliffe House, Pudsey. (2 copies) 

Hainsworth, Lewis, 118, Bowling Old Lane, Pudsey. 

Hutton, Daniel, Fulneck. 

Hutton, Edmund, Fulneck. 

Heap, Miss S. E., North Terrace, Fulneck. 

Hanson, Mrs. George, Tudor Villa, Franklin MouAt, Harrogate. 

Harrison, John, Solicitor, Leeds, and Harrogate. 

Heap, Elijah, Ratcliffe Lane, Pudsey. 



3IO SUBSCRIBERS. 

Hillings, George, Gentleman, Littlemoor Hall, Pudsey. (2 copies) 

Hiniii^'s, Miss, Littlemoor Hall, Pudsey. 

Hall, Joseph, Brown Sijuare, Slvinuer Lane, Leeds. 

Holmes, Professor Oliver Wendell, 296, Beacon Street, Boston, U.S.A. 

Hinings, F. , 4, Richmond Road, Bradford. 

Hasse, Rev. Alexander C, Ocklirook, Derby. 

Howitt, John, 12, Whiston Grove, Rotherham. 

Hinings, John W. , Bromyard, Worcester. 

Hay ward, Rev. E., Blenheim House, Pudsey. 

Halliday, John, Lowtown, Pudsey. 

Ingham, John, jun , Farnley, near Leeds. 
Ingham, John, The Beehive, Lowtown, Pudsey. 

James, Philip, Station Master, Brough, East Yorkshire. 

Jackson, Richard, Bookseller, 18, Commercial Street, Lee<ls. 

Johnson, Squire, P), Scales' Buildings, Chapeltown, Pudsey. 

Jecks, Miss, Radcliffe Lane, Pudsey. 

Johnson, Ben, 65. Kirkgate, Bradford. 

Jones, J. E.. Grove Villa, Pudsoy. 

Johnson, Samuel, Currier, Moor 'lop Tannery, Armlej^ 

Jowett, Rev. Thomas, Vesper Mount, Kirkstall, near Leeds. 

Jonfs, John E. , Smalewell, Pudsey. 

Johnson, Benjamin, Lincobi Street, Balne Lane, Wakefield. 

KiRKWOOD, Stephen', Stanningley, near Leeds. 

Kirkby, Joseph, Treasurer, Co-operative Society, Commercial Street, Morley. 

Kenyon, Walter, Organist, Crawshaw Villa, Pudsey. 

Lister, John, M A., Gentleman, Shibden Hall, near llalifax. 

Law, Alfred, Card Maker, The Grange, Cleckheaton. 

Lawson, J. A., Crimbles, Pudsey. 

Laycock, Thomas, Skell Cottage, Ripon. 

Library, Mechanics' Institute (William B. Burnell), Pudsey. 

Lawsou, Joseph, Hopewell Terrace, Horsforth. 

Lister, Samuel, Windsor Road, Shipley, near Bradford. 

Lee, Robert, oO, Victoria Terrace, Ackroyd Street, Morley. 

Littledale, Mrs , 82, Redcliffe Gardens, South Kensington, London, S.W. 

Layton, C. Miller, Shortlands, Castle Hill Avenue, Folkestone. 

Lee, William, 29, Hanover Square, Bradford. 

Library, Free Public (B. Wood, Librarian. Darley Street), Bradfoi'd. 

Laycock, Samuel, Author, Foxhall Road, Blackpool, Lancashire. 

Lister, Isaac, 37, Adelaide Street, Southport, Lancashire. 

Lawson, John, Greenside, Pudsey. 

Lockwood, Mrs., 3, Bishopsgate Street, Leeds. 

Lumby, William, Littlemoor Lane, Pudsey. 

Latimer, Thomas, jun., Toft House, Pudsey. 

McCarthy, D. W., 4, Ashchurch Park Villas, Shepherd's Busli, London. 

Moseley, David, Church Lane, Pudsey. 

Myers, S. P., 36, Booth Street, Bradford. 

Mills, J. G.. Cuttlehurst, Huddersfield. 

Maude, William, Blenheim Mount, Manningham, Bradford. 

Myers, Simeon, Littlemoor, Pudsey. 

Middlebrook, John, Fudsnj and Stanningley News Office, Pudsey. 

Mortimer, Charles. 791, Franklin Street, Milwaukee. VV^is., America. 

Morrall, M. T. A'Beckett, Balmoral House, Matlock. 

Margerison, Joe, Calverley Lodge, near Leeds. 

Mason, Anthony, Arkingarthdale, Reeth, Richmond, Yorkshire. 

Mathers, Thomas, Smalewell Mill, Pudsey. 



SUBSCRIBERS. 31I 

Midgley, Mrs., Ilkley, near Leeds. 

Merritt, Mrs., The Marsh, Pudsey, 

Moss, James, Green side, Pudsey. 

Mann, George E., School Terrace, Chapeltown, Pudsey. 

Marshall, Joseph, Roker Lane Top, Pudsey. 

Mallalieu, W. , Swallow Rest, Ockbrook, Derby. 

Mackellar, Thomas, (306-614, Sansom Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Milner, Oliver, Hammerton Field, Pudsey. 

Maude, Thomas, The Heights, Pudsey. 

Milner, John, jun. , Cemetery Road, Pudsey. 

NoECLiFFE, Rev. Charles Best, M.A., F.S.A., Langton Hall, Malton. 

New England Historical and Genealogical Society, U.S.A. (J. Ward Dean). 

Nelson, C. S. , Architect, Fulneck, and Albert Chambers, Leeds. 

Newell, Joseph, Registrar, Elmtree House, Pudsey. (2 copies) 

Newell, John. Manchester. 

Newell, A., The Middle Class Schools, Sheffield. 

Naylor, John Smith, East View Cottages, Lane End, Pudsey. 

Norton, Jolm, 16, Harley Street, Intake, Pudsey. 

OxLEY, Henry, J. P., Bank, Commercial Street, Leeds. 

Oxley, Thomas, Grocer and Tea Dealer, 102, Commercial Street, Batley. 

Oxley, Alfred, Fulneck. 

Owen, John, Chapeltown, Pudsey. 

Peacock, Frederick Gillett, 5, Whetley Grove, Manniugham, Bradford. 

Parker, John, Municipal Buildings, Victoria Square, Leeds. 

Proctor, .Joseph, Oil Dealer, Church Lane, Pudsey. 

Pitts, Matthew, West View, Stanningley. 

Pollard, Mrs. Grace, 31, Seftou Street, Southport, Lancashire. 

Pitts, J. W. , Gas Works, Gomersal, near Leeds. 

Pearson, M., Westroyd, Greenside, Pudsey. 

Pogson, J. W., 7, Kendall Terrace, Leeds. 

Procter, Jeremiah, Pudsey. 

RusBY, James, F.R.Hist.Soc, 18, Oppidan's Road, Regent Park, London, N.W. 

Robinson James, Chairman of School Board, Morley, near Leeds. 

Ross, Frederick, F.K.H.S., Loudon. 

Robinson, John, 12, Fitzarthur Street, Tong Road, Armley, Leeds. 

Rhodes, W. Venables, Oldfield House, Heckmondwike, via Normanton. 

Randall, Joseph, Bank Chambers, George Street, Sheffield. 

Rayner, John, 26a, York Street, Manchester. 

Rankin, John, 26, Market Place, Dewsbury. 

Roberts, George, Author of " History of Lofthouse," Lofthouse, near Wakefield. 

Rushworth, William, Parkfield Terrace, Church Lane, Pudsey. 

Rankin, John, 69, Yorkshire Street, Rochdale. 

Rankin, George, New Street, Chapeltown, Pudsey. 

Ramsden, Samuel, Black Bull Hotel, Woodhouse, Leeds. (2 copies) 

Rayner, C. A., 31, Bishop Street, Manningham, Bradford. 

Rankin, David, 83, Bridge Street, Warrington, Lancashire. 

Raistrick, Edward, New Street, Pudsey. 

Rawclifie, George, 33, Wapping, Liverpool. (2 copies) 

Ryley, F. W., Marsh, Pudsey.^ 

Rayner, A. H., 50, Kingston Road, Leeds. 

Rhodes, George, Horncastle Farm, Nostell, near Wakefield. 

Ramsden, James B. , Greenside, Pudsey. 

Ross, Mi's. Grace, Littlemoor, Pudsey. 

Robinson, G. H., Bookseller, 16, Market Street, Leeds. 

Saywell, Rev. F. L., F.R.H.S., Bentinck Villas, High Ackworth, Poutefract. 
Sykes, John, M. D., Hall Gate, Djncaster, 



312 SUBSCRIBERS. 

Schofield, John, 5, George Street, Leeds Road, Bradford. 

Sowden, .rohn, A.M., 1, Blenheim Koad, Bradforu. 

Salter, Joseph, The Oaks, Horsforth, near Leeils. 

Suwry, T. A., 22, Bridge Uoad, Holbeck, Leeds. 

S heard, Michael, Lmd Agent and Surveyor, Batley. 

Soholes, Edward Fletcher, Manufacturer, Kirkfield, Morley. 

Smith, Robert, Waver House, Pudsey. 

Swithinbank, J. S., Victoria Villa, Roundhay Road, Leeds. 

Stead, John James, Albert Cottage, Heckmondwike, via Normanton. 

Saltei", Mrs., Intake Road, Pudsey. 

Salter, John F., Intake Road, Pudsey. 

Salter, Charles S., Intake Road, Pudsey. 

Scott, Mrs., 20, St. George's Square, Sxinderland. 

Schofield, E., Kingsley House, Manningham, Bradford. 

Saunders, J., 71, Rathmines Road, Dublin. 

Stanhope, N., Galloway Place, Calverley, Leeds. 

Spencer, William, Marsh Lane, Pudsey. 

Stowe, John, District Advertiser Office, Stanningley. 

Scruton, William, 35, Clough Street, West Bowling, Bradford. 

Sugden, Joseph, 9, New Street, Pudsey. 

Stillings, Thomas, News Office, Pudsey. (3 copies) 

Stockwell, Oliver T., 170, Waterloo Road, Pudsey. 

Shawe, Miss J. M., Ladies' School, Fulneck, near Leeds. 

Shuttleworth, Hodgshun, Mar-sh, Pudsey. 

Scarth, John William, Shipley, near Bradford. 

Stockdale, Albert, Woodhouse Hill, Huddersfield. 

Sunderland. B. , Tailor and Outfitter Church Lane, Pudsey. 

Smith, J. W., c/o John Dewhuist and Sons, Skipton. 

Shepherd, Rev. Ambrose, The Old Parsonage, Morley. 

Spencer, Squire, Manufacturer, Littlemoor, Pudsey. 

Speight, James, Thornbury, near Bradford. 

Stott, Daniel, Littlemoor, Pudsey. 

Taylor, Rev. R. V., B.A., Melbeck's Vicarage, Richmond, Yorkshire. 

Tomlinson, George W., F.S.A., The Elms, Huddersfield. 

Town, Joseph, Chapeltown, Pudsey. 

Town, William, Chapeltown, Pudsey. 

Tinkler, Rev. John, JNI.A., Arkengarthdale Vicarage, Richmond, Yorkshire. 

Titterington, Principal W. T., Fulneck School, near Leeds. (2 copies) 

Thackray, Fred, Deputy Town Clerk, Town Hall, Queen Street, Morley. 

Turner, Henry D. , Bramley, near Leeds. 

Turton, John, Heights, Pudsey. 

Thackray Charles VV. , 1, Mannheim Road, Toller Lane, Bradford. 

Turner, J. Horsfall, Author, Idle, near Bradford. 

Tomlinson, Jonathan, Lowtown, Pudsey. (2 copies) 

Thompson, James, Shawdon, Alnwick, Northumberland. 

Verity, James, Earlsheaton, near Dewsbury. 
Verity, J. E., Draper, Shipley near Bradford. 
Verity, G. E., 17, Westgate, Shipley, near Bradford. 
Verity, E., Draper, Shipley. 

Wilkinson, John H., F.R.G.S., Newlay Grove, Horsforth, Leeds. 

Wright, Sam, Solicitor, 10, Piccadilly, Bradford. 

Womersley, Richard, Manufacturer, HillFoot, Pudsey. (2 copies) 

Waterhouse, David, 21, Coleridge Place, Hillside Villas, Bradford. 

Ward, George, c/o Peacock and Co., Guildford Street, Leeds. 

Walker and Laycock, Booksel^rs, 37, Briggate, Leeds. (3 copies) 

Walker, Henry, Joiner and Builder, Chapeltown, Pudsey. 



SUBSCRIBERS. 



313 



Webster, Charles, Littlemoor, Pudsey. 

Womersley, Daniel, Upper Moor, Pudsey. 

Wbitaker, William, 11, Francis Street, New Leeds, Leeds. 

Wade, Mrs., Brynbella, Crossbeck Road, Ilkley. 

Worsnop, J., M. D., 18, Harris Street Bradford. 

Ward, George, Buckingham Terrace, Headingley. 

Walker, Matthew, Manufacturer, S winnow House, Pudsey. (2 copies) 

Whitley, William 0., 13, Morton Road, Bradford. 

Wilson, John, L.K.C.P. and A.E , Greenbauk, Ilkley. 

Ward, Arthur, Fartown, Piidsey. 

Watkinson, James E. , Sun Field, Stanningley, Leeds. 

Wilson, Miss R., The Marsh, Pudsey. (2 copies) 

Waterhouse, James, Greenside, Pudsey. 

Whitaker, John D., Tong Road Mill, Armley, near Leeds. 

Wilson, 'I homas, Lowtown, Pudsey. (2 copies) 

Walker, Edwin, 38, Church Lane, Pudsey. (3 copies) 

Webster, James, Manufacturer, Silver Royd Hill, Wortley, Leeds. 

Watson, M., Pudsey. 

Wood, Mr., Belle Vue Street, Heslington Road, York. 

Wade, Aaron, 43, Ash Grove, Bradford. 

Wilson, Christopher, Fartown, Pudsey. (2 copies) 

Wilson, Alfred, Manchester. 

Webster, Miss E., Green Top, Pudsey. 

Webster, W. S., Crawshaw Villa, Pudsey. 

Walker, Charles, 26, Thornhill Place, Thornbury, Bradford. 

Windsor, Isaac, Bottom of Hammerton Field, Pudsey. 

Webster, Hubert, Manor House Close, Pudsey, 

Willey, Jos. H., Gracehill, Balleymena, Ireland (2 copies) 

Ypjwdall, Mrs. John Cliff, South View, Rochdale, Lancashire. 
Yewdall, Zechariah, Brookfield, Calverley, Leeds. 
Yewdall, A. H., 17, Blenheim Terrace, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds. 
Yewdall, C. A., Oaldands, Calverley, near Leeds. 




Lately published, in one ha?idsoine volume, with 130 ilhistmtio7is, printed 
on thick paper, gilt top and gilt lettered. 

Price, Demy 8vo, 7s. 6(1.; Demy 4to, i2s. 6d.; Post Free. 

/VLorley: Alncient and Moderi^, 

BY 

WILLIAM SMITH, F.S.A.S., 

Author of "The History and Antiquities;" Editor of " Old Yorkshire." 

M7-. Smith will send the zuork on receipt, of Postal Notes /or the amount, cairiage free. 

Address — Mr. W. Smith, Osborne House, Morley. 



OPINIONS OP THE PBBSS. 
Scarborough Gazette, July 8th, 1886. 

The author of this interesting volume is already favourably known in the literary world as the 
writer of several topographical works and books of travel. ■* * •-" Especially interesting in the present 
volume, are chapters 5, 6 and 7, extending over nearly one hundred pages, treatirg of village-life as it 
was in Morley from fifty to a hundred years ago, Mr. Smith, with his taste and skill as an antiquary 
and historian, is at his best in these chapters and similar portio us of the book. Old manners and 
customs, family life, dress, recreations, music in chiu-ch and chapel, and many other matters are 
treated in a con amore spirit, the narrative presenting sometimes even a romantic interest. 

Leeds ilercury, July 28th, 1886. 

The past history of the place is pleasantly blended into the account of its modern deve)opmeut 
in the prestut work. Its contents, in their arrangement aud the care with which everything relating 
to Morley has been gleaned and classified, make the work an acceptable contribution to the history 
of an important section of this great, county. 

Pudsey District Advertiser, July \Qth, 1886. 

Mr. Smifi by his splendid and valuable work as Editor of " Old Yorkshire," made himself a name 
indeUbly associated with all that pertains to the past history of ''the best shire of England." All 
who are interested in Yorkshu-e village life in the olden time ; in the manner in which their fore- 
fathers lived, labom-ed and prospered, we cordially recommend Mr. Smith's latest volume. 

Durham Chronicle, June IWi, 1886. 

This volume is a valuable contribution to the history of the woollen manufacture, and whilst 
professing to deal with that fraction of England known as Moi'ley, is at the samo time a valuable 
contribution to the social history of the kingdom at large. We hope Mr. Smith's volume will find a 
place on the bookshelves of our readers as supplying a want. 

Western Antiquary, June, 1886. 

Mr. Smith has here given us another of his choice volumes. We heartily congratulate him upon 
the completion of this labour of love. The records of Morley show many scenes of "stiange eventful 
history." The story is well told by Mr. Smith. 

Pudsey Neivs, July 2nd. 1886. 

This work is a fine repertoire of mattsra of history and interest to the pe jple of Morley and 
district. An elegantly got-up book, with more than one hundred engravings which help the meaning 
of the text greatly, and altogether the book forms a lavishly illustrated and valuable local souvenir. 

Booh Lore, July, 1886. 

Mr. Smith has in this work dealt with a large variety of subjects, antiquarian as well as topo- 
graphical, aud always in a very intelUgeut aud perspicuous manner. The book is supplied with a 
good index — a siue q^ua non in treatises of this nature. 

Yorkshire Notes and Queries, July, 1886. 

We have in the pages and numerous iUastrations of Morley : Ancient and Modern, an insight into 
village life of the last two centuries such as, probably, no other local book affords. The history of 
Morley for three centuries has nc>w been well written by Mr. Scatcherd aud Mr. Smith, 



XVlll. 

Bradford Observer, July 9th, 1886. 

The matei-ial of this volume mostly refers to the manners and customs, modes of living, dress, 
house furuishlags, and forms of recreat.ou of the people of Morlcy half-a-century ago, and it is an 
Interesting and somewhat exhaustive record. The work is profusely illustrated and excellently got 
up, to correspond with " Old Yorkfahire," by the same author. 

Literary World, June 25th, 1886. 

Mr. Smith has given us an historical work of great interest. As an accurate picture of life in a 
village in the olden time ; of the way in which our forefathers ruled themselves ; of how they lived 
and laboui'ed, ilr. Smith's work deserves the highest praise. It is the result of much research — of 
careful labour, and few are there who will not find in it something novel and worth remembering. 

Morley Division Chronicle, June 5th, 1886. 

This is one of the most ably-written and handsomely-produced volumes of local record and 
reseai'ch that it has been our pleasure to peruse or handle. It would indeed be difficult to conceive a 
more chastely and artistically printed volume. It is a thoroughly honest and conscientious record of 
all that laborious research has been able to discover concerning Morley in its relation to the 
history of strange succeeding centuries. * * * No essential feature of history, contemporaneous or 
ancient, appeal's to have been omitted. 

Wakefield Express, Jime 12th, 1886. 

The chapters on "Morley, Fifty years ago" are the most interesting. The picture of village life 
is well drawn. The chapter on amusements is fuH of interest. Mr. Smith has succeeded in presenting 
to the inhabitants of Morley a most readable account of their town history and olden village Ufe. 
For ourselves we offer our hearty thanks for the description of village life in the West Hiding in the 
early years of the present century. 

Notes and Queries, August 2lst, 1883. 

We are pleased with Mr. Smith's book. * * * He has accumulated many interesting facts in his 
note-books. The kindly tone in which he speaks of most of the persons he has occasion to notice is 
alike ci-editable to his heart and understanding. 

Textile Manufacturer, October 15th, 1886. 

This work consists of archaeological matter, and notK of ancient customs, manners, recreations, 
amusements, and sundries gleaned from the recollections of the older generation, which is rapidly 
pas>ing away. 'J he sketches of the village— we beg pardon — town's notables are veiy interesting. 
1 he whole book forms pleasant reading. 

Scotsman, November Sth, 1886. 

A handsome and substantial volume. * * * Mr. Smith is an industrious and painstaking 
chronicler; the volume before us contains an immense amount of historical, archteological, and 
topographical information. 

Barnsley Independent, November ^th, 1886. 

This very handsome volume would of itself have established the fame of the author of "Old 
Torkshire " as an antiquarian and topographical writer of the first rank. * '-* Well printed, elegantly 
bound, and profusely illustrated. ••' •■■ * It is a highly interesCmg work for the student of local history 
and social mamiers and customs. 

Picayune {New Orleans), November Sth, 1886. 

This history of Morley — a little town that antiquarians know, if the tourists do not — is a book of 
infinite charm, and one that every reader, whether he may have heard of Morley or not, will peruse 
with interest. 

Morley Observer, June 19th, 1886. 

The present volume gives an account of the early history of the p*lace during the Saxon, Nor- 
man, and Plantagenet periods, more particularly a? to the social condition of the people ; also a list 
of the inhabitants of the village in 137i), with a dissertation on the significance of the names by 
which our ancestors were known. Coming down to the Commonwealth period, interesting and 
amusing extracts are given from Oliver Heywood's Diaries, having reference to Morley, and these 
furnish some curious and charming phages of village life in those early times. The chapters on 
Morley fifty years ago are written from a familiar knowledge of what is unique and curiously engaging 
in West Riding usages and traditions, and in a siLgalarly charming style. The book is a marvel 
of cheapness. It is truly a wander to us that a work so teeming with information, so expensively 
and exquisitely illustrated, can be sold for the price. It is uniform with '• Old Yorkshire," and may 
be taken from the shelves or pla<;ed upon them as the last, but by no means .least, of the author's 
contributions to the history of Yorkshire, 

Manchester Examiner and Times, October lith,l&86. 

This is a capital specimen of a very useful class of books Those who are acquainted with 

the instructive and entertaining work " Old Yorkshire," of which Mr. Smith was the editor, will not 
need to be assured of his qualifications for his latest task, and in "Morley, Ancient and Modern" he has 

found a subject admirably adapted for the full display of his painstaking research and literary skill 

Mr. Smith has the happy knack of selecting just the facts which are at once the most interesting and 
most illuminating. We have always had a liking for weU-executed books of this class, and " Morley " 
is certainly one of the best of then}. 



XIX. 

Boston {A-va.eric5) Literary World, Sep. itk, 1S86, 

It is not often tliat an English local history finds its way to American readers, and if the work 
before us is a fair example of its class we shall wish the event might happen of tener. In completeness 
of plan, in tlioroiighness of treatment, in .attention to all those little details tliat make up the per- 
fection of a book viewed from the bibliographical standpoint, in illustrations both as regards number, 
variety, and quality, in typography and binding, this volume on " Morley " has individuality, value, 
interest, and beauty ; it is- singularly attractive at the first glance, and its contents repay cai'eful 
reading, even to one who has no personal concern with its subject, and who looks on local history 
only with the most general and abstract sympathy. 

Torkshire Post, Aug. 4th, 1886. 

This history of " Morley " will always be valuable in antiquarian eyes, not so much from the 
light it will throw upon the career of any old families, or upon the lesser known parts of English 
history, but because it will always serve fairly to illustrate the conditions of English village life at 
certain epochs. Over and above this, the local interest of Mr. Smith's volume will serve to place it 
among the books which historians of Yorkshire, and students of West Riding life and chara' ter, 

must always consult In his account of old village life in '' Morley," Mr. Smith is always 

happy. 

Antiquary, August, 1886. 

This brilliantly-bound book is practically the note-book of a local antiquary, who has known 
bow to collect and put together information that is of the greatest interest to antiquaries. Such 
books are not often to be met with, and we, at any rate, welcome them. 

Academy, Sep. IVh, 1886. 
Mr. Smith, in this entertaining volume, loves to dwell in the past, and from charters, registers, 
deeds, and the gossip of old inhabitants, to revive the memory of Morley in its earliest days He lias 
a facile and somewhat discursive pen, and treats of pretty well every subject which can be brought 
within his scope, from the Romans in Morley, A.D., 43, to the operations of the Parliamemary 
Boundary Commissioners, A.D., 1885. The book is illustrated with some spii'ited engravings. 

Ossett Observer, Jidy Wth, If 86. 
This work forms a handsome volume, and is profusely illustrated. It teems with interesting 

information The work reflects credit on its author, and on the locality whose annals he has so 

fully and f.iithfully placed before his readers. 



Professor Oliver Wendell Holmes, LL.D , D.C.S., Boston, America. 
Author of- MAii Venner," "Autocrat or the Breakfast Table," "Life of EmmersDn,'' "Guardian 

Angel,'' etc. 
I have found your bonk exceedinsfly interesting, and notwithstanding the local character 
which gives It it-i distinctive flavour, I find much which has its parallel in my own recollections. 
I feel 6-ure that the volume will be heartily welcomed by your own community, and I find many 
interested readers on this side of the water. 

Rev. Charles Haddon Spdrgeon, Baptist Minister, London. 
Author of " Tlie Treasury of David," "Morning by Morning," " Evening by Evening," etc. 
Mr. W. Smith has a genius for topographical writing; he has in "Morley, Ancient and 
Modern," omitted nothing, and made the most of everythine. He has done for Morley in one 
direction what Gilbert White did for Selbonic in another. We remember preaching long ago 
in that growing town, but we did not know the classic ground on which we stood. * * * 
Thanks, Mr. Smith, for your p.atient collection of facts. * Your noble volume. * 

Topographical works have a singular value, and are never without purchasers: this is one of 
the best of them. 

Rev. Phillips Brooks, D.D., Trinity Church, Do.ston, America. 
Author of " Sermons," " Lectures on Preaching," " The Influence of Jesus," '• Baptism,' etc. 
Yonr book has interested me exceedingly. A local history written with si.irit and en- 
thusiasm has always very vivid interest, and Morley seems to me more than a name, now that 
I have seen it and its people in your pages. I should be glad to think that some time I should 
look on it with my own eyes. 

Lewis Morris, M.A., J.P., Pcnbrvn Hou.se, Carmarthen. 
^'lw(7(fl)- 0/ " The Epic of Hades," " Songs of Two Worlds," "Gwen,'' " Songs Unsung,'' etc. 
Yonr book is exceedingly interesting, and the illustrations ai-e admirable. County histories 
and district histories are most valuable, especially when literary ability Is foun ! combined with 
loving and accurate local knowledge, as in your books. 

Will Carleton, M.A., Brooklyn, America. 
Author of "Farm Ballads," "Farm Legends," "Farm Festivals,'' "City Ballads," etc. 

Yonr neighbours certainly owe you a debt of gratitude for thus opening to them the picture 
gallery of pen and graver to s'how them about "theauld toun." The descriptions, always in 
your ter.se but picturesque style, are all that could be desired, and the whole work seems to me 
a grand success. 

Mark Twaix (S. S. Clemens). Hartford, Conn., America. 
Author of " The Innocents Abroad," " The New Pilgrim's Progress," '• Huckleberry Finn," etc. 

I am reading your bosk with absorbing interest as opportunity occurs. 



XX. 

John Ellerthorpe (Foreign Editor, Daily Teleriraph), London. 

Your book is very interesting. Tliese old local memorials are calculated to be of great ad- 
vantage. The time of which we know least is generally that immediately preceding our own 
which has not yet becoii;e history. 

Charles Dudley Warnrr, Hartford, Conn., America. 
Author nf " My Summer in a Garden," "Back-log Studies," " Life of Washington Irving," etc. 

Your most iuterestina; antiquarian volume; such a mas-i of old time details, and so pro- 
fusely Illustrated. Allow me to congratulate you on the success of your work. 

Walt Whitman, drnden, New Jersey, America. 
Author of '' Leaves of Grass," "Centennial Songs," "Drum Taps," etc. 

A handsome and most interesting book. 

William Allingham, Surrey, England. 
Author of "Day and Night Songs," "Blackberries Picked off many Bushes," "Lawrence 

Bloomfield," etc. 
Your matterful " History of Morley.'' * * * Books of this sort have a charm of their 
own, and you have j^erformed your task with loving diligence and success, 

Hon. Gkorge H. Boker, Philadelphia, America. 
Author of " The Book of the Dead," " War Lyrics," " The Lesson of Life,'' and other Poems, etc. 
I have read your Histfiry of Morley with great pleasure, and I congratulate you on having 
issued so admirable a work. I have always taken great interest in local historic.^, and I have 
taken so great an interest in that of Morley, that on my next visit to Englan'l, I shall certainly 
make the acquaintance of your town. 

Bev. \V. H. FURNESS, D.D., Philadelphia, America. 
Author of " The Story of the Resurrection,'' " Verses and Hymns," etc, 

A handsome volume, and full of interest. The account of old-time manners and customs 
interests me very muih. 

Louisa Chandler Moulton, Bo ton, America. 
Author of ''Random Rambles," "Bed-Time Stories," "More Bed-Time Stories," " Poems," etc. 

I have read your delightful book. I con^^ider it one of my treasures. I should like to see 
the Morley whicli in its ancient and modern aspects you have so delightfully portrayed. 

William Winter (Dramatic Critic), Staten Island, N.Y . America. 

Author of" English Rambles,'' "The Trip to England," '-Shakespeare's PIngland," 

" Poems,' etc. 

Your valuable and deeply interesting work. Your patient research is remarkable, and your 

evident love of suggestive antiquities and the associations, historic and romantic, of your 

beauiiful country, imparts to your pages a picturesque charm and the vitality of t uth. I am 

glad to possess your book. 

Adeline D. T. Whitnei', Wilton, N.H.. America. 
Author cf "The Gayworthys," "The Real Folks," "The Other GirJs,' " Bouuyborougb," 

" Tansies, " etc. 
I am charmed with what your book offers me — a real abiding in the quaint old place and 
its memories. It certainly offers a complete possession to the reader. 

James Parton, Newburyport, Mass., America. 
Author of "Lives of Franklin, Jefferson, Burr, Jackson, and Greeley,'' "Captains of 

Industry," etc. 
I have read the whole of your beautiful volume v ith great pleasure. A work of this kind 
could not be better executed. 

Gail Hamilton, Hamilton, Mass., America. 
Author of "Summer Rest," "Gala Days," "Wool Gathering," "Battle of the Books," "Red 

Letter Days," etc. 
An interesting book. The pictures are charming. It is a mine of delight. It is like hearing 
stories about one's old home. 

Rev. James Freeman Clarke, D.D., Boston, America. 
Author o/" Common Sense in Religion," "Ten Great Religions," "Memorial and Biographical 

Sketcbes," etc. 
A beautiful book, which I have read with the greatest interest. 

Thomas Wentworth Higoinson. Newport, R. J., America. 
Author o/" Atlantlc^Essays," "Out-Door Papers," A'ditoro/" Harvard Memorial Biographies," etc. 

I have read your book with much interest, and much of the antiquarian information is of 
peculiar iutercsi to American-s. 

John Fiske, Cambridge, Mass., America. 
Author of " Myths and Mythmakers," " The Destiny of Man," " Outlines of Cosmic Philo- 
sophy," etc. 
Your " Morley " is a very interesting volume, and pleases me very much. 



XXI. 

John G. Saxe, Albany, America. 
Author of '^Voemi" "The Proud Miss MacBride," ''Leisure Day Rliymes," "Progress, a 

SaLire," etc. 
Your beautiful book, with its charming descriptions of English village life of the olden time. 

S. Arsnx Allibone, LL.D., New York, America. 
AuOior of" A Critical Dictionary of Bugllsh Litei'aiure, and British and American Authors," etc. 

1 am pleased -with your work. I value highly good topographical books, for they are collec- 
tions of facts in which each generation is successively interested. 

Fricderick Saunders, Lenox Library, New York, America. 
Author of "Pastime Papers," "Salad for the Solitary and the Social," etc. 

Although its interest is centered in (to me) a strange locality, yet it is none the less accept- 
able reading, and the copious illustrations carry me lu spirit to your picturesque old town of 
Morley. 

Henry M. Brooks, Salom, Mass., America. 
Author of " New England Sunday," " Litei-ary Curiosities," "Strange and Curious Punishments." 

Your valuable and charming work I have been delighted wiih it, and so have my family 
and friends. 

J. W. Palmer, LL.D., New Haven, Conn., America. 
Author of "Folk Songs," "The Golden Dagon," " Poetry of Compliment and Courtship," etc. 

I am delighted with your book. Whatever relates to local antiquities in England, folk lore, 
and the old rural life and " ways," has peculiar charms for me, 

F. H. Underwood, M.A., TJ.S. Consul, Glasgow. 
Author of " A Hand Book of English Literature." 

Your history of Morley is exceedingly curious, quaint, and interestiug. 

Charles EcJbert Craddock, St. Louii?, Mis., America. 
Author of "In the Clouds,'' " In the Tenne.^see Mountains," "Down the Ravine," etc. 

The perusal of "Morley" has given mo much pleasure. The details of the antiquated 
customs, and the glimpses of character that they afford, awaken a genuine sympathy with the 
old Yorkshire " ways," and give a very complete understanding of the life and gradual develop, 
ment of an ancient English town. The traditions and relics and records impress me as peculiarly 
interesting and quaint. 

Horace Howard Furness, Boston, Mass., America. 
Author Of " A New Variorum Edition of bhakespere," etc. 

Apart from historical value (which is unquestionably great), local histories are cxcecding''y 
Interesting when they are written with the exhaustive thoroughness which you have here 
displayed. Old times are lived over, old scenes recalled, old custums are revived or embalm-d, 
and a dramatic interest is imparted to them all, by the sharp contrast with the stirring life of 
to-day, which you emphasize throughout. 

Benson J. Lossing, LL.D., AM., Dover Plains, America. 
Author o/" Pictorial Field Book of the Revolution," " Life of Washington," "A History of 

England," etc. 
Your work is a book after my own lieart. I am surprised and delighted to find how similar 
has been your experience to that of my own, 'and how nearly the characteristics of Morley fifty 
years ago agree with those of the hamlet where I passed the days of my infancy and early child- 
hood at the same period. The notice in the Boston Literary World, of your volume, conveys 
a just estimate of the character and value of your work. 

Henry Charles Lea, Philadelphia, America. 
Author of "Studies in Church History," " Supernaturalism," " Superstition and Force," etc. 

A handsome and interesting volume. I have read it sufficiently to recognize how much of 
curious research it has required, and how much there is in it illu.'^trative of forgotten customs. 

Donald G. Mitchell (J. K. Marvel), Edgewood, N. Y., America. 
Author of " Bound Together," " Reveries of a Bachelor," " Wet Days at Edgewood," etc. 

Your very welcome book on " Morley " is full to overflowing. If only other or all towns were 
written up and pictured as your zeal and industry have pictured this— what a new Old England 
would beam upon tis ! 

Frank R. Stockton, New York, America. 
Author o/" Rudder Grange," "The Hundredth Man," "The Floating Prince," "Our Story." 

I am very much pleased with your interestiug and valuable book on " Morley." 

Rev. E. Everett Hale, D.D., Roxbury, Mass., America. 
Author of "How to do it," "In His Name," "The Good Time Coming," "A Summer 

Vacation," etc. 
I have been very much interested by your curious and valuable study of Morlej'. It is from 
Buch bonks that history is to be made, if history is to be worth anything ; and I never read one 
of them without wishing there were more of them. 



THE REGISTERS 



Cafoerlej) Parisl? Cf?urcl?, Vols. i. anb it. 

(Vol. III. IN THE Press, and will be ready shortly), 
1574—1650, 1650-1680, 

"With a Sketch of the History of the Church. 
Illustrated and Indexed. 



OPINIONS OF THE PRESS. 

The Registers of Calverley commence in 1574, and the present vokmre gives 

their contents to 1649. They appear to have been carefully transcribed and printed, 
and are rendered easy of reference by a good index. More than this it is unnecessary 
to say of them, but our obhgation to their editor does not end here, he has not only 
given us a copy of the Registers, but has supplemented them by a mass of useful and 
well-digested information relating to the parish. His notes on Calverley Church, its 
ancient Memorial Cross Slabs, the Living, and Testamentary Burials from Torre's 
MSS., form an instructive chapter for those whose tastes are general instead of 

genealogical The "Register of Seats," and additional notes, especially those 

from the Bradford Registers, are a most useful conclusion to the volume. We cor- 
dially recommend Mr. Margerison's book to our readers, and hope that it will meet 
with sufficient encouragement to enable him to complete his valuable undertaking. — 
T/ie Genealogist, January, 1881. 

Mr. Samuel Margerison has set a praiseworthy example in showing what a 
good piece of work may be done by a little private enterprise. He has printed entire 
the first volume of the Calverley Registers, extending from 1574 to 1649, in a neat and 
compact volume, which also includes an interesting history of the church and its in- 
cumbents, and is illustrated by several engravings ; and he has been able to place it 
in the hands of his subscribers at an absurdly small price. That it is no trifling 
matter may be gathered from the fact that the register entries alone are over 4,500 in 

number The book is nicely printed and bound, and has an excellent index. We 

have nothing but words of praise for Mr. Margerison. — Notes and Queries, Novejiiber 
\y.h, 1880. 

Mr. S. Margerison has done good service, to the historian of Yorkshire at the 
least, by taking up and executing as a private individual, the task which the Harleian 
Society has undertaken in London, by publishing the registers of the extensive parish 
of Calverley, near Leeds. He has thus brought to light and put on record many 
curious facts relating to Yorkshire families. — The Antiquary, Dec, 1880. 

The publication of the Registers of Calverley Parish Church is a matter of 

great local interest (The first volume) has been printed in its entirety. It is as 

complete as it has been possible to make it all that remains having been faith- 
fully reproduced. — Leeds Mercury, 26th /an., 1881. 

This is a little volume which contains, besides the names and dates taken from 
the Parish Registers, a sketch of the history of the church, and a clearly engraved 
view of the church and adjoining grounds — Yorkshire Post, K^lh Jan., 1881. 

Address :—Saml. Margerison, Calverley, nr. Leeds. 



Haworth, Past and Present : A History of Haworth, Stanbury, 

and Oxenhope. 20 Illustrations. 3s. 

"Mr. ]. Horsfall Turner has here given us a delightful little history of a place 
which will always have an interest for the student of English literature. We 
have not space to deal with it as lengthily as it deserves, but v.'e can say that all 
should read it who care to know anything of the little village made memorable 
by the Brontes' fame. It may be obtained of the author, Idel, Bradford, and is 
ridiculously cheap." — Grapliic,^^r\. 31, iSSo. 

Nonconformist Register of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1744- 
1750, by the Revs. O. Haywood and T. Dickenson, from the MSS. in the Congre- 
gational Memorial Hall, London, comprehending numerous notices of Puritans and 
Anti- Puritans in Yorkshire, Lancashire, Cheshire, London, &c., with Lists of 
Popish Recusants, Quakers, &c. Five Illustrations, 380 pages, 6s. 

The Rev. O. Heywood, B.A., 1630-1702: His Autobiography, Diaries, 
Anecdote and Event Books, Illustrating the General and Family History of 
Yorkshire and Lancashire. Four volumes, 380 pages each, illustrated, bound in 
cloth, 6s. each. 

Independency at Brighouse: Pastors and People, 4 Illustrations, 3s. 

Nonconformity in Idel, and History of Airedale College, 10 

Illustrations (autotype portraits of Rev. J. Dawson, Founder of Low Moor Iron- 
works ; Rev. W. Vint, S.T.P.), &c. 3s. 

BiOGRAPHiA Halifaxiensis : A Biographical and Genealogical History 
for Halifax Parish. Two vcjlumes, 380 pages, wi:h Portraits, 6s. each. 

Vol. I. is a reprint of half of Mr. Watson's "Halifax," that is, such chapters 
as the Halifax Worthies, Vicars, Benefactors, &c. This volume thus serves a 
double purpose, as it is a literatim reprint. 

Vol. II. will be an original compilation, noting the Families and Worthies for 
six hundred years. 

Life of Captain John Hodgson. 1640-83. Illustrated, is. 6d. 
This is a reprint of the 1806 publication, said to have been edited by Sir 
Walter Scott. The Captain narrates his exploits in the Wars at Bradford, 
Leeds, Lancashire, Isle-of-Man, Scotland, iSic, and the troubles that followed 
on his settlement at Coley Hall, near Halifax ; his imprisonment in York 
Castle, &c. 

The Antiquities of Halifax: By the Rev. Thomas Wright. 
A Literatim Reprint, is. 6d. 

Triplex Memorials (York, 1650). Three quaint Sermons by William 
Ainsworth, preached at Halifax, on Waterhouse's Charities. From the only 
known copy. 2S. 

Halifax Gibbet Book, with Appendix, 2s. ,^' 

Ready for the Press : — 

The Elland Feud, 2s. Krabtree's Almanack, 1685, 2s. 

The Bridges of W. R. Yorkshire: Their Histories and Mysteries. 

By the late Fairless Barber, Esq., F. S. A., and J. Horsfall Turner. 
Ilkley: Ancient and Modern. By the Rev. Robert Collyer, D.D., 

New York, U.S.A., and J. Horsfall Turner. In one handsome volume, 80 

Illustrations, demy 8vo, extra cloth gilt. Price— Library edition, 14s.; large 

paper, of which very few remain, 24s. 

*,^* P.O. Orders payable at Idel, near Bradford. 



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W^!&F N. MANCHESTER, 
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