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Full text of "The history and antiquities of the seigniory of Holderness, in the East-Riding of the county of York, including the abbies of Meaux and Swine, wwith the priories of Nunkeeling and Burstall"

GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



3 1833 00727 0322 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/historyantiquiti02poul 



HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES 



SEIGNIORY OF HOLDERNESS. 



[UnUreS at glationcrs' JljalL] 




IT'" ~L A.. .. — ^-fc' A . -. '. - ^ 



THE 

HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES " 

OI- THE 
IN THE 

EAST-RIDING OF THE COUNTY OF YORK, 



INCLUDING 



THE ABBIES OF MEAUX AND SWINE, 

WITH 

THE PRIORIES OF NUNKEEUNG AND BURSTALL: 

COMPILED FROM AUTHENTIC CHARTERS, RECORDS, 
AND THE 

UNPUBLISHED MANUSCRIPTS OF THE REV. WILLIAM DADE, 

REMAINING IN THE LIBRARY OF BURTON CONSTABLE ; 

miiiif ntimrroti0 2Smt)rUt0i)mrntj&: 

BY GEORGE POULSON, ESQUIRE, 

AUTHOR or BEVERLAC, OR HISTORY OF BEVERLF.Y. 



VOL. IL 



HULL: 
THOMAS TOPPING, BOWLALLEY-LANE ; AND W. PICKERING, LONDON. 

MDCCCXLI. 



/ 



1367220 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK; 



ALDBROUGH, 

WITH THE HAMLETS OF BEWICK, CARLTON AND FOSHAM, WEST OR CONSTABLE NEWTON, 
TANSTERN, ETHERDWICK, THORPE-GARTH, EAST OR RINGBOROUGH NEWTON, 
AND RINGBOROUGH. 
N Aldenbvrg Ulf hiid nine carucates of land to be taxed, where there may 
ten ploughs. In Niuuetone and Scirelai and Totele there are two carucates 
jc, of land, and six oxgangs to be taxed where there maybe three ploughs ; 
Drogo has now there one plough, and a certain knight of his one plough, and 
fourteen villaines with two ploughs. There are one hundred acres of mea- 
dow. Wood pasture four quarentens long and three broad. To this manor 
belongs the soke of these, Wagene, seven carucates ; Melse, two carucates ; 
Benincol, two carucates and five oxgang ;'.Rugbeton, two carucates ; Scherle, 
'four carucates; Duuetorp, three carucates; Meretone, two carucates ; Fosham, 
three carucates ; Biuinch, six carucates ; Niuuetone, one carucate and a half, 
Ringhcburg, one carucate ; Wassum, two carucates and two oxgangs ; 
'Totele, five carucates and six oxgangs ; and Otrege, half a carucate. To be 
. taxed together forty one carucates of land, where there may be forty ploughs. 
■ Drogo has now there two ploughs and six sokemen, and thirteen villaines, 
and three bordars having seven ploughs. Three of Drogo's knights or 
soldiers have there two ploughs and two villaines and three bordars. One hundred and seventy four acres of 
meadow belong to these. The whole manor, with the appurtenances, nine miles long and six miles and a half 
broad. Value in king Edward's time, forty pounds, now six pounds. 

Ulf, the Danish possessor of Aldburgh, alluded to in the above extract, is supposed to 
have lived in the time of King Canute, or Cnute, as well as in that of Edward the Con- 
fessor. The learned Samuel Gale, Esq. gives an extract from an ancient manuscript in 
the Cotton library, where Ulf is stiled Consul et insignis comes.'' It is evident he pos- 
sessed a great estate in Ueira which Mr. G. conjectures was granted to him by King 
Canute, for assisting him in reducing these northern parts ; a sufficient proof of their 
being considerable is afforded by Domesday itself Thomas, the abp. of York, his canons, 
and his men, held many manors in the province of Deira, which were held by Eldred 
the archbishop, in the time of Edward the Confessor, and had belonged to Ulf. In 
naming one of them the record expressly says, " In Stanegrif (tempore Regis Edwardi) 
tenuit Ulf sex bovates, idem dedit Sancto Petro," a proof that Ulf lived in the Confessor's 
time, and probably died in his reign, as Edward confirmed all the donations which he had 




The townships in each Division are enumerated, 

VOL. II. 



IGl, 162. 



Archoeol. vol. I. 



168. 



■ ^r: 




1367220 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK/ 



i^^S 



ALDBROUGH, 

WITH THE HAMLETS OF BEWICK, CARLTON AND FOSHAM, WEST OR CONSTABLE NEWTON, 
TANSTERN, ETHERDWICK, THORPE-GARTH, EAST OR RINGBOROUGH NEWTON, 
AND RINGBOROUGH. 
N Aldenbvrg Ulf had nine carucates of land to be taxed, where there may 
ten ploughs. In Niuuetone and Scirelai and Totele there are two carucates 
of land, and six oxgangs to be taxed where there maybe three ploughs ; 
Drogo has now there one plough, and a certain knight of his one plough, and 
fourteen villaines with two ploughs. There are one hundred acres of mea- 
dow. Wood pasture four quarentens long and three broad. To this manor 
belongs the soke of these, Wagene, seven carucates ; Melse, two carucates ; 
Benincol, two carucates and five oxgang ;'_Eugheton, two carucates ; Scherle, 
' four carucates ; Duuetorp, three carucates; Meretone, two carucates ; Fosham, 
three carucates ; Biuinch, six carucates ; Niuuetone, one carucate and a half, 
^"ijMi Ringheburg, one carucate; Wassum, two carucates and two oxgangs; 
Totele, five carucates and six oxgangs ; and Otrege, half a carucate. To be 
axed together forty one carucates of land, where there may be forty ploughs. 
' Drogo has now there two ploughs and six sokeraen, and thirteen villaines, 
and three bordars having seven ploughs. Three of Drogo's knights or 
soldiers have there two ploughs and two villaines and three bordars. One hundred and seventy four acres of 
meadow belong to these. The whole manor, with the appurtenances, nine miles long and six miles and a half 
broad. Value in king Edward's time, forty pounds, now six pounds. 

Ulf, the Danish possessor of Aldburgh, alluded to in the above extract, is supposed to 
have lived in the time of King Canute, or Cnute, as well as in that of Edward the Con- 
fessor. The learned Samuel Gale, Esq. gives an extract from an ancient manuscript in 
the Cotton library, where Ulf is stiled Consul et insignis comes}' It is evident he pos- 
sessed a great estate in Ueira which Mr. G. conjectures was granted to him by King 
Canute, for assisting him in reducing these northern parts ; a sufficient proof of their 
being considerable is afforded by Domesday itself Thomas, the abp. of York, his canons, 
and his men, held many manors in the province of Deira, which were held by Eldred 
the archbishop, in the time of Edward the Confessor, and had belonged to Ulf. In 
naming one of them the record expressly says, " In Stanegrif (tempore Regis Edwardi) 
tenuit Ulf sex bovates, idem dedit Sancto Petro," a proof that Ulf lived in the Confessor's 
time, and probably died in his reign, as Edward confirmed all the donations which he had 




* The townships in each Division i 

VOL. II. 



i enumerated, pp. 161, 162. 



Archaool. vol. 1. 



16S. 



ALDBROUGH. 



made to the church. Independent of the manors referred to he held others, among which 
were Aldburgh, and those enumerated in page 13. 

The following descent of Ulf is given by J. C. Brooke, Esq. Somerset Herald.'' 

Stemma Ulfi Comitis, ui Provincia Deiret ante Conguestum. D'ni de Albiirgh t. Edvardi t'onf. Reijis, et Ecclesicp de Aldburgh 
(idijicatoris, ut per inscriptk 





Ito, filius Fornonis 



Edvardi Conf. Regis. 




per cart. s. 



ob. in anno 17 ejusdem regni. 

Johannes de Oreystock, D'nuset Barode Greystock.summ. adparliam. 
a 23 Edw I. usque ad mortem ejus. «t. 25 ann. 17 Edw. I. Dedit 



rJeveliala, Neshara, 



Radulphus filius Willielmi, D"n*s de Grimethorpe, haeres f 
& adoptatus haeres Joh'ls de Greystock.summ. ad pa 
Edw. 1. ad 10 Edw. II, ob. eod. anno, sepultus apud 1 
comitatu palatin. Dunelmens. 



■T"' 



Raduli'hus de Greystock. D n's ct Baro de Oreystock, . 
10 Edv. II. summ. ad P^rl. 14, 15. it 16 Edv. II. 
July, 16 EdT. II. 1323, sepult. apud Newminsler in i 



tN'niielmus, D'n's et Baro de Grevstock, st. 3 ann. 1323, summ. ad=Joanna, flUa Henrici, D'ni Fitz-Hugh de 
Pari. a. 22, ad 3!, Edv. III. Kd'iflcavit castrum de Greystock, ob. j Antonio de Lucy, obiit anno 48 Edw. Ill 
20 Julv, 32 Ed. 1 1 1, seisitus de manerlis de Greystock, Grimethorpe, 
Hinde'rskHfe. Sec & de Seton, in co. Eb quod Ulfus, antecessor 
ejus, tpnuit t Ell. Conf. regis, sepult. apud Greystock, ubi tumulls 



Archeeol. vol. G, p. 43. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 6 

In 1 115, 16 H. I. Earl Stephen, lord of Holderness, gives to the monks of St. Martins 
de Albm. the church and tenths of the castle of Aldhro', but the tithes, with which this 
church, attached to the castle, was endowed, does not appear ; nor is there any account 
of the lands subject to them." 

William le Gross, the son of Stephen, granted lands in this place to the monks of Melsa, which were con- 
firmed to them by the Countess Hawise, his daughter, and ratified by King John in 1204.'' Robert, one of 
the monks of the abbey of Meaux, about 1182, who had been a monk upwards of twenty years, and afterwards 
master of the stone works of the abbey, bought with a legacy of sixty marks, left to him by his brother Henry, 
a carucate of land in Thorp and Aldborough, of Wm. de Lauz, a knight templar, for the use of the church of 
the abbey, but which were afterwards exclianged for tenements in Myton.' 

Stephen de Alseim gave the homage and all services of his man William, son of Hugo, to St. Bartholomew 
de Aldburgh.'' 

18 H. in. 1234. — Richard de Norwich, and Agnes his wife, give to the lord the king 10 marks, to have two 
assizes of mort D'Ancestre, before Wm. de Ebor and Robert de Lexington, as against Wm. de Ros, and Wm. 
de Ruwe, of a tenement in Aldburgh, Thorp, and Kelk ; mandate to the sherifFof York, that he take security., 

26 H. III. 1242. — Wm. St. Quintin releases, to the prioress of Swine, his common pasture and right in the 
territory and fields of Uleburgh.' 

34 H. III. 1250.— John de Beverley was Lord of Aldbrough and Thorp. 

9 E. I. 1281. — Robert de Roos held lands here, according to Kirby's Inquest.g 

9 E. II. 1315. — Wm. de Ros, of Hamelake, and John Ros, of Gedney, held Aldbrough, with its members.h 

6 E. III. — James, son of Robert de Roos, obtained a grant of a fair every year, for 
two days, in September, and a market every week, on Tuesday, at his manor of Aldbro'.' 

R. Archiepis' &c. Sal't'm &c. Sciatis nos de gra' n'ra speciali concessisse & hac carta n"ra confirmasse dH'Co 
& fideli n'ro Jacobo de Ros q'd ip'e & heredes sui' imp'pet'm h'eant unum mercat'm singulis septimanis p' diem 
Martis apud manerium su'm de Aldburgh in Com' Ebor' & unam feriam ibidem singulis annis p' duos dies 
duratur' videlicit in Vigilia & in die S'ci Matt' Apostoli nisi illud & feria ilia sint ad nocumentum vicinor' 
mercator' & vicinar' feriar' quare voluimus & firm't p'cipimus p' nobis & here'ib' n'ris q'd p'd'cis Jacobus & 
heredes sui' imp'petu'm h'eant p'ca mercata & feriam apud manerium suum p' d'cuui cum omnib' libertatib' 
Sc li'b'is consuetudinibus ad hujusmodi Mercat' &c. &c. &c. 

His testibus venerabilis patrib' A' Ebor' Archiepi' Ang' prim' II. Lincoln J. Carl Epis' Johe de Warenna 
comite Turr Thorn' de Bcllo Campo comite Warr' Willi' de Ros de Hamlake Rad'o Basset de Drayton Rad'o 
de Senescallo hospicij n're & alijs. Dat apud Ebor' decimo die decembr' 

P. Ip'm Regem. Mag'ro Rob'to de Stratford. 

The family of Roos seem, from the above particulars, to have held the manor many 
years, but how or when it passed from them is not ascertained. 4 H. VI. Ralph Lord 
Neville is found at his death to have died seized of the manor of Aldburgh,J which, with 
that of Catwick, was subsequently granted to Sir John Conyers, (see page 291). This 
Ralph was created Earl of Westmoreland, 29 Sep. 1397, K. G. Earl Marshall ; he died 

" Cart. 97-44, B. C. Lib. i" Cart. 30-39, B. C. Lib. = Meaux Chart, ^ Cart. 152-56, B. C. Lib. 

" Excp. E. Rot. Fin. ' Meaux Chart. e See p. 40. » See p. 47. ' E. III. p. U. in 

Tur. Lon. •* Esch. 4 H, VI. No. 113. 

b2 



Ai.nimoifiii. 



112."). It will bo siH'ii that lie prLSOiitid to tlu- chantry of St. Germans, in the parish 
church here. 

20 EHz. Ricliard Miihaelbiirn held, inter alia, the manor of Aldhroufjh." It has not 
been ascertained how the manor passed from them, or who was the next immediate lord. 
A family who ajipear to be settled here about the same period, of the name of Thorp, 
continued their residence for a long time, but they are not named at any time as holding 
the manor. 

By an inquisition, taken on the death of Richd. Thorp, in 1559, 2 Eliz., he held a messu- 
age and an oxgang of land in Abdbrough of the queen, as of her manor of Thorp Garth. 
He married a daughter of — Dunn, of Thornton, Com. Line, they were married 21 Jan. 
1544, at Aldbrough ; he left Robert, John, and Stephen ; Robert, s. and h. married 
Izabcl, daughter of Mr. Wm. Leonard Robinson, of Newton Garth, (see that ped.) 
Richard Thorp, his eldest son and heir, married 3Iary, daughter of Mr. Wm. Towry, of 
Dunnington ; there were also two daughters, Alice and Jane. John, the son and heir of 
the last Richard, is supposed to have lived 10 Jas.'' Wm. Thorp, of Aldbrough, made his 
will 15 Feb. iGOf), " To Rd. his brother, lOsh. ; to Rd. his son, £2. ; to Hannah Capson, 
his daur. lOsh. ; same to Mary Thorp, his daur. ; to Hannah Rushill, his wife's kinswo- 
man, £10. ; to his wife's son, Henry Forster, 5sh. ; to the poor of our inontliljj meeting, 
5s. 8d. ; to William Thorp, his brother's eldest son, his house and land in Aldbrough, he 
paying his (the testator's) wife her thirds ; residue to his wife and Wm. Thorp, his brother's 
son. The following is an extract from a will,'' supposed to be the brother's son above alluded 
to : — " I Wm. Thorp, of Aldbrough, soul into the hands of Almighty God, my maker and 
Redeemer, &c. ; to poor man's box, 12$. ; to sonne Robert, the lease of my house, one 
stagcss, and one corne wayne, and the wood that came home this year, and also my couple 
of oxen ; to Alison, my daur. 2 black kye ; to daurs. Annas and Elizabeth, 3 kyc between 
them ; to Anthony Robinson, a * * * Stott, of four years old, and a met of beans, and to 
his children, a met of ditto ; son Robert, and three daurs. all executors." 

The next lord of the manor appears from the will of William Tymperon, of Beverley, 
dated 20 Nov. 1723, in which he bequeaths all that his manor, or reputed manor of 
Albrough alia.s Aldbrough, to Robert Davye, of the city of Yorke, Esq. for and during 
the term of his natural life, and after his decease, to the ministers of the parishes of St. 
John and St. Mary, Beverley, and of Albrough, in Holderness, for the purposes which 
arc subsequently enumerated in the account of the charities. The trustees of Mr. Tym- 
peron's charity, claim and exercise, to a certain extent, the manorial rights, and Mr. 

• Hold. l!c-o, IfUir ui. '■ Ur. Burlni), •( vul. Kasl-Hidiiis [u-d. ■ I'rom a book of Escheats, marked 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. O 

Harrison, of Benningholme, as lord of the manor of Thorp Garth, professes to have certain 
privileges. There was a court held about 38 years ago at Thorpe Garth, and one about 
the same time at the farm house belonging to the charity ; a dispute about the appoint- 
ment of a game-keeper existed, but nothing definitive being settled, the rights continue to 
be debateable. 

Premises op less Note. — 16 E. I. Thomas de Newton held 4 bovates of land here." 

16 E. I. John de Camrington, and Beatrix, his wife, " ten cont' in lib' maritagio — Simonis de Glocester 1 
claus and 4 bovates of land in Aldburgh and rem' -Id."^ 

6 E. III. — Peter de Grimsby, Thos. Disney and Rd. Vavasor granted to John Boothby, of Ryhill, and Lora 
his wife, 2 bovates of land here. ' 

Richard II. — John Boothby, Lord of Ryell and Camerton, gave to trustees all his lands, tents, and rents, 
and services in Aldburgh.'' The said lands and tenements given to pious uses.' 

Ed. IV. — Gerard Rednes and John Ingram release all their right and claim to John Paynel, knt. and Eliza- 
beth his wife, Margaret de Snaidby, John Moor, of Middleton, and Sibil his wife, Thos. Oudeby, and Joan 
his wife, and John, son of John Constable, of Frismarsh, knt. in Ryhill, Camerton, East Halsham, Ottring- 
hara, and Aldburgh.' 

8 E. VI. — The king, founding Gigglewick school, grants to the maintenance thereof a cap. mess, a garden, 
2 orchards, and 5 bovates of land, in Ryse and Albro', late parcel of the possessions of the late chantry of the 
blessed Virgin Mary, founded in the ch. of Rise and Aldbro'.g 

Robert Thorpe held 1 mess. 1 bov. terr in occup. Rd. Thorp, and mess, with a croft, called Miton Crofte, 
in the occupation of Anthy. More, in Aldbro', of the queen as of the manor of Thorpe Garth, near Aldbro'. 
Rd. son and heir, aet. IS."" 

Wm. Gee held a cottage and 20 acres of land, and 250 acres of meadow here. 

Mary Hall, widow, for rectory here, rent £20. parcel possess, de Kirkstal. 

The family of Hastings (see Bewyk) held here, and in Sutton, 12 bovates of land, where 48 carucates make 
a knight's fee. 

TuE Priory of Burlington had a grant from Wm. son of John Laschells, towards the support of a light 
in the chapel of St. Cuthbert, at the infirmary, a rent of 12d. issuing out of lands here.' 

The Castle of Aldborough was in existence 16 H. I. a.d. 1II5, as appears by the 
grant of Stephen, Earl of Albemarle, to the monks of St. Martin de Alb'm' of the church 
and tenths of the castle, (see p. 2) It does not occur, nor is it referred to, in any other 
later document. Tradition states that the castle well is near the high road, but there is 
reason to suppose that it rather belongs to Bewick. 

The Church of Aldbrough, of which express mention is thus made, has not escaped the 
notice of antiquaries, and seems to have elicited the attention of the curious Gale.J 
Drake,'' may also be consulted with respect to the Horn of Ulphus, given to the church 
of York. The former has been followed, in the account of this manor, as the authority 

"1 Cart. 233.-45. "= Cart. 230.-16, 45. 

Burt. Mon. ■' Archaeol. vol. I. p. IG8. 



■ Esch. No. 29. 


" Turr, 334. 


= Cart. 214.-19, 20, 21- 


Cart. 241-17. 


s Miscell. 48. 78. 


" Ridley, 4 18, 6. 


Ebor. p. 481. 







ALDBROUGH. 



for fixing the period of the existence of Ulf. The Saxon inscription in Aldbro' church 
is noticed by John Charles Brooke, Esq. Somerset Herald, in 1778.'' A paper on the 
subject was read before the Society of Antiquaries, and a plate given both of the church 
and the inscription ; the drawing of which, Mr. Brooke states, was taken by his worthy 
correspondent, the Rev. Wm. Dade. The following extract is from Dade's letter to 
Brooke, which accompanied it :— " An attack from the gout prevented me from executing 
your commands at the time proposed, I was, however, happy in being enabled yesterday 
to visit Aldbro' church ; in a month's time it will he inaccessible on account of the road. 
The inscription in question is upon a stone over one of the south pillars, and is twelve 
feet from the floor of the church, it projects about two in. 
from the wall. The copy'' varies but in three letters from 
the original, and that I may be better understood, I have 
numbered the divisions to which I now refer you. The last ■ 
letter in the first is, I believe, a P, I have accordingly 
changed the T into that form. The two letters which are ., 
in the second division, appear to be T\, I rather think are 
broken 7>", which, in the original, assumes this appearance /^. In the fourth division I 





have changed the "E into a B, which is, I think, the genuine character. The Fabric, built 
probably at a most remote period, wears a modern appearance, perhaps from the variety of 
repairs and additions it has undergone, &c. &c."— (Dated 7th October, 1777, addressed 
to J. C. B.) The inference drawn bv Mr. Brooke, of its being a Saxon church, in his 



Archaeol. vol. 6, p. 39. 



' Sent by Mr. Brooke to Mr. Dade 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 7 

account published as above, is controverted by the Rev. Saml. Pegge," who founds his 
opinion upon there being no church mentioned in Domesday, that record being silent as 
to a church at Aldbro', and that the structure does not convey any resemblance of Saxon 
architecture, but on the contrary, every thing savours, he says, of a post-Normanic Era. 

The doubts and conjectures concerning the reasons commonly assigned for inserting or 
omitting the words " Ecclesia" and " Presbyter" in Domesday Book, by Rev. Saml. 
Denne, in 1787,'' refers to the arguments used by Mr. Pegge, in his disproof of Aldbro' 
being a Saxon church. It would be inconsistent with the design of this work to quote the 
lengthened arguments of the different writers in support of their several positions, they 
are easily accessible, and may be referred to. But a statement of some additional cir 
cumstances may assist in throwing more light upon the subject. 

Odo, Earl of Champaigne, gave the church of Hornsea, to St. Mary's abbey, York, 
(see p. 21.) about 1088, and his son Stephen that of Aldbro', to St. Martin's, in 1115 ; 
and as, according to Sir Henry Ellis, Domesday Book was completed in 1086," it is fair 
to infer that both churches were in existence when the survey was made, although Hornsea 
is named, and Aldbro' omitted. The question seems really to be, whether the present 
structure was built by Ulf. 

Joha de Beverley, Lord of Aldbro' and Thorp, founded circa 1250, a. chaTpel, near and upon , (supra) 
the church of Aldbro'. Reginald, his son and heir, and Agnes, his sister and heir, ordained in that chapel a 
chantry, and gave six o.xgangs of land in Aldbro' to God, St. Mary Magdelene, and St. Helen. Tested by 
Walter de Fauconberg, Walter his son, John de Fauconberg, John de Barton, knts. &C.'' 

By an inquisition taken at Wineton, * * day Sep. 34 E. I. before Richard Oysel, the king's escheator beyond 
the Trent, post mortem John de Carlton, the jurors being Simon Lund, Peter Hildyard, Walter de Whytick, 
Amand de Filling, Thos. de Humbleton, Eicd. de Grimston, Thos. King, Michael Ward, Richard de Etherd- 
wick, Wm. Luenet, Alex, de Lanthorpe, and Wm. son of Simon de Catwick ; after enumerating lands that he 
held, find that he poss'ed the advowson of the chapel of St. Trinity, of Aldburgh, and that the said chapel 
was worth five marks per annum. 

These documents certainly refer to another church than the present, which is dedicated 
to St. Bartholomew. When it is recollected that the devastations on this coast, by the 
ocean, have destroyed other churches, lands, villages, and townships, it is certainly not 
only possible, but probable, that the castle of Aldbro' has long since gone into the sea, as 
both history and tradition, are altogether silent as to its existence, since the time of Earl 
Stephen. The church of Ulf, it may be supposed, was about to share the same fate, when 
a portion of it was saved from destruction for the purpose of erecting another, on a site 
further inland. The subsequent description of the fabric will, in some measure perhaps, 
enable the reader to arrive at the same lionclusion. The supposed site of the old church 

" Archueol. vol. 7, p. 86. ^ Archa;ol. vol. 8, p. 218. ' See his Introduction to Domesday, 

li Johnson M. S. indorsed K. p. 230. 



ALDBROUGH. 



is marked in Dade's map. The present church of St. Bartholomew stands inland a mile 
from the sea. It measured, says Mr. Tuke, due north-east from the church, 2043| yards 
in 1786. The average encroachments of the sea upon the coast in this parish, is four 
yards annually, ascertained from a series of measurements made in the neighbourhood for 
a long period of time. 

The Church was given, according to Mr. Torr, by Stephen, earl of Albemarle, to the 
priory of Bristall, a cell of the abbey of St. Martin's, Albemarle, in Normandy. On the 
calends of May, 1228, the church was appropriated to the abbey of Alb. by Walter Grey, 
abp. of York (Great Roll of Walter Grey, ab. 1228 to 125.5, p. 108). It was afterwards 
granted to the abbat and con. of Kirkstall, in pure alms, 10th Oct. 12 R. II. yet ult. Oct. 
5 and 6 Philip and Mary, the patronage was granted to Nicholas Heath, abp. of York^ 
and his successors, for ever (T. A. Z. Reg of Nic. Heath). In 1663, Robert Towrie, 
of Riccal, by his will, bequeathed to the vicar and his successors, for ever, in augmentation 
of his vicarage, the tithes of East Newton and Ringborough, and a bouse in East 
Newton," particularized in the charities. 

LIST OF INCUMBENTS. 



Instituted. 


Incumbents. 


Patrons. 


Facatcd by 


1 1th cal. July 


1313, Nicholas de Grymston, Presbyter Ab. and Conv. de Alb. 




12th cal. December 1314 Dns. W. de Morton, Pres. ad por- the same 






1 tionemSti Gerraani,in Holder- 






' ness, in Ecca de Aid. bt. 




nth cal. July 


1316, Mr. Walter de Fytling, Pres. ad the same 


Resig. 






eccles de Aid. 






11th January 


1344 


Dns. Wm. de Karleol, Pres. 


Edw. III. Eexut postea 


Resig.pro.vic. dePreston 


20th February 


—47 


Dns. W. de Blyda, Cap. 


Ed. III. Prior de Birstal 


Mort. 






in mani sui 




3rd September 


—49 


Dns. John Collyer de Halsham, 'the same 
Cap. 


Resig. pro Rossi 


24th February 


—50 


Dns. W. de Wartre, Pres. 


the same 


Mort. 


20th December 


—52 


Dns. W. Pulhowe, Cap. 


the same 








Dns. W. Wastlyng, Cap. 


the same 


the same 


21st November 


1 369 j Dns. Ed. Palmer, Presbyter 


the same 


the same 


12th May 


1403 Dns. Nicolas Wuyte, Presb. 


Ab. and Con. de Kirkstal < 


17th July 


1408 


Dns John Holmton, Presb. 


the same 




29th June 


— 15 


Dns. Thos. Deldale, Pres. the same 


the same 


24th October 


1420 


Dns. John de Edlyngton, Pr. 


the same 


the same 



Torr's East Riding, p. 1501. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



Instituted. 


Incumbents. 


Patrons. 


Placated by 


3rd September 


HGoiMr. Xr. Lofthouse, Pres. M.A. 


Ed. Gower, Esq. hac vice Resig. 


29th November 


-00|Dns. Wm. Clerk, S.D.P. ob. 1514 


Ab. and Con. de Kirkstal, Mort. 


24th March 


1513 


Richd. Bayley, Pres. or Berlege 


the same 


Resig. 


1 1 th August 


-23 


Dns. Oliver Bosomworth, Presb. 


the same 


Mort. 


8th Julv 


-28 


Dns. W. Moke, Presb. 


the same 








Dns. Rot. AVatson, Presb. 


the same 


the same 


5th Febru!.ry 


—46 


Dns. Thos. Ellis, Presb. 


Assig. Ab. and Convent 


the same 


6th September 


—57 


Dns. W. Herbert, CI. 


Phillip and Mary 


the same 


28th September 


1570 


Francis Nawton, CI. (or Natson) 


Elizabeth 


Resig. 


nth July 


— 78 


W. Hobson, CI. 


the same 


Mort. 


lOth February 


1613 


Francis Edgar 


Arch.Ebor.by Ph. & My. 


the same 


28th March 


— 14 


W. Burnsell, M.A. 


Jacobus 


the same 



Vacant from 17th May, 1664, to 17th August, 1660. 



7th December 
25th May 
11th April 



11th January 
16th August 
5th January 



1660 Stephen Geere, CI. 
1667 1 Thomas Elliott, CI. 
1684 Benjamin Hardy, M.A. 



Charles H. 
the same 
Rex 



I the same 
the same 



Vacant from 11th April, 1686, to 8th December, 1688, and 
Vacant from inst. of Thos. Lamplough, abp. to 6th July, 1691. 



17141 Thomas Thompson 
1723 John Browne 
1762] Christopher Wray 
1794 Nicholas Holme 
18341 Wm. Craven 



Rex 

the same 

the same 

Lord Chancellor 

the same 



Death 

Present Incumbent. 



25th January 

There were two chantries established in this church, the one dedicated to St. Germans, but how endowed 
does not appear. A list of the chantry chaplains, their institution, and patrons, is preserved. 



Instituted. 


Clianlry Chaplains. 


Patrons. 


Vacated 


hy 






Dns. Wm. de Melton, Cap. 


Cap. Ebor. 


Resig. 




4 Nones Apl. 




Dns. Ws de Myddelton, Cap. 


3 E. in. Rex Prior de 
Bristall 


the same 




16 Calends Aug. 


1341 


Dns. John de Leven, Cap. 


Idem Rex. 










Dns. Robt. de Cava, Cap. 


the same 


Mort. 




21 May 


1350 


Dns. Roger de Bubwith, Cap. 


the same 


Resig. 




26 Feb. 


1357 


Dns. Thos. Rouyard, Cap. 


Dns Walter de Fauccon- 
berg 






28 March 


1381 


Dns. Thos. de Lyolm, Cap. 


Dna. Isabella deFaucon- 
berg 







10 



ALDBROUGH. 



Inslitutcd. 


Chmtry Chaphiins. 


Patrons. 


Vacated by 






Dns. Robt. Curtas, Cap. 




Mort. 


20 June 


1408 


Dns. Wm. de Hotliani, Piesb. 


Ralph. Ead of West 
moreland, Marshall of 


the same 








England, he bought ilj 








of the executors of' 








Isabella Fauconberg. | 


17 May 


1418 


Dns. John Torre, Priest 


Idem. the same 


22 May 


1458 


Dns. John Martyn, Crp. 


Lord Richard, Earl o( the same 
Salisbury 


3 Aug. 


14921 Dns. John Pindar 


The senescall of the 








manor of Ryse 





The other chantry chapel was dedicated to the blessed Virgin Mary, founded in the 
churches of Aldbrough and Rise. In the grant to Gigglewick School, by Edward VI. after 
the lands named in Rise, p. 415, it goes on to state " Also, all those our tythes of sheaves, 
(corn and straw) with the appurtenances, yearly and every year, coming, growing or 
renewing in Etherdw-ick, within the parish of Aldbro,' in our said county of York, now or 
late in the tenure or occupation of Richd. Carter, and to the said late chantry, belonging 
and appertaining, and being parcel of the possessions and revenue thereof, &c. &c." 

Testament.\ry Burials. — 1377. John de Meaux de Bewyk, m. w. p. his soul ut supra, his body in the 
isle of St. JIary, in the church of St. Bartholomew, in Aldburg. 

1402.— Rd. Palmer, vicar, m. w. a.d. 1402, p. 1403, to be buried in the church. 

1 42.5. — Thomas Smyth, of Aldbro, m. w. p. 25 October, 1 425, to be buried in St. Mary's quire in the church. 

1425, 10 Apl. — John Disney, of Fosham, Esq. ni. \v. p. 11 Dec. 1426, in the south aisle of the church. — 
Disney, of Disney Norton com. Line, bore A. on a fess 3 fleurs de lis, or. 15 Sep. 1514. 

1453. — John Simkinson, m. w. p. 11 Dec. to be buried in the church. 

1570.— Wra. Herbert, vicar, m. w. p. 7 Dec in the earth. 

1588.— Robert Raines, West Newton, w. d. 8 Jan. his bod3'e to be buryed with decent Xtian buryal, within 
the ph. church of St. Bartholomew ; he gives towards the maintenance of the sayd church 5s. Item, to Sir 
Henry Constable, knt. his bay colte. 

1613. — Wm. Hobson, late vicar, obiens intestate, adra. to Mary, his widow. 

1622. — Robert Raines, of West Newton, body to be buried in the church or ch. yard, 26 Apl. 

The parish books of Aldbrough are much mutilated and decayed by damp, time, and 
vermin. The earliest register is a long folio, in loose leaves of vellum, bearing date 1510, 
but the beginning part is wanting; from 1519 to 1580, there is an hiatus, this differs 
from the accounts given in the returns, p. 149. A zealous antiquary, a short time 
ago, ordered these valuable documents to be re-bound, in consequence of many 
of his ancestors' names being preserved in them, and it is hoped their future fate 
will be better than their past. 





9m,i 



m 




MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 11 

The Fabric, dedicated to St. Bartholomew, consists of a nave and chancel, north and 
south aisle, with a low, massive tower at the west end, which is built of three stages, and 
finished at the top with a plain parapet." Exterior.— In the lower stage of the west face 
is a circular-headed window, of two lights, and has slender pillars both inside and out, 
from which the arch springs, and evidently belongs to the style of architecture denomi- 
nated Anglo-Norman ; there is one of similar construction in the north face, and besides 
the above, a square-headed window in the upper stage of the west face. On the south 
side, in the first and second stages, is a narrow early English window ; and in the upper 
stage, one of three lights, with perpendicular tracery in the head, shewing a specimen 
from the earliest to the latest period of the styles. The nave — the principal entrance is 
through a porch on the south side, with a plain, pointed doorway. There are three 
square-headed windows, and only two strong and short buttresses on this side ; three square- 
beaded windows, of three lights in the clerestory. In the north aisle, two plain square- 
headed, with a mullion in each, and three square-headed in the clerestory. There are 
four buttresses added to this aisle ; at the west end is a square-headed window of three 
lights, cinquefoiled. The chancel is built with cobles ; the lower portion of the south wall, 
as well as the angles, being of hewn stone. A pointed arch door, with a zig zag moulding 
above the arch, leads into the chancel, (see initial letter) ; and on the same side, grotesque 
animals in low relief,'' (see cut, p. \5.) At the east end a pointed window of four lights, 
cinquefoiled. On the north side of the north aisle, considered to have been a chantry 
chapel, are two square-headed windows ; and at the east end, now used as a vestry, 
another of the same description. 

Interior. — The nave is divided from the aisles by piers, of a very singular construction ; 
one, only, is circular, the other five are of a massive oblong shape, rounded at the ends, 
from which the arches spring ; these piers resemble a low, heavy wall, devoid of all 
decoration ; the arches differ somewhat from each other, their general character being 
that of a pointed arch rather flattened. The oblong piers are seven feet in length, and 
two and a half feet in thickness, and about eight feet high ; there are two heads on the 
top of the second pier, on the north side the nave. Over the circular pier, between 
two arches in the south aisle, is the stone with the Saxon inscription on it, and under- 
neath it is another stone, something in shape like a chevron. The chancel is separated 
from the nave by a plain, pointed arch. On the north side is a large archway, 
opening into the north aisle from the chancel, but this part of the aisle, as previously 
remarked, is supposed to have been a chantry chapel. The Melsa monument is placed 

'■ In the Archseol. it is represented as embattled, which is incorrect. Vide vol. 6, p. 40. 
'' It will be seen the doorway differs from fig. l ia the Archacol. p. 40, vol 6. The animals are alluded to 
in p. 41, by the Somerset Herald. 

VOL. II. D 



1^ ALDBROUGH. 

here. There is also a smaller arch on the same side, underneath which is another 
monument, most sadly mutilated and defaced." The eastern end of the north aisle or 
chantry is divided by a boarded partition, and used as a vestry. On passing out of the 
nave into the chancel, there is a tall, narrow archway on the right, leading into the south 
aisle, which was probably the communication with a smaller chantry, it occupies the space 
formed by the extension of the south aisle, beyond the junction of the nave and chancel, 
as seen in the view of the church. The floors of the chancel and nave are both level with 
each other, although the chancel is much sunk below the churchyard, and the ceiling of 
the chancel cuts off part of the top of the east window in the interior, but which is seen in 
its full proportions outside, (see plate.) There are two large brackets over the eastern 
piers of the nave, and on the north wall is a narrow lancet opening, which has either been 
a window or a door, most probably the latter, as a broad ledge runs along this part of the 
building, and communicated probably with the rood loft. The tower in the interior is 
supported by two massive, clustered columns, which are boarded up ; the singing gallery, 
which is at the west end, projecting forward, obscures them. The pulpit is in the centre 
of the nave at the east end, supported by pillars. The font, which is of granite, and of 
no antiquit}', is placed at the west end of the south aisle. The commandments are placed 
on each side of the chancel arch ; over it the royal arms, with the Lord's prayer and 
belief. A painting of the prodigal son is fixed over the centre pillar in the nave, and on 
the north side a table of charities. 

The following, preserved in Sir Hans Sloane's M. S. by Francis Thynn, Esq., states that in a window in the 
south side, was — Orate pro Animam Johs. Savage et Matildae uxoris ejus qui istam fenestram fieri fecerunt. 
In the quire, 22 Aug. 1589— Hie jacet Margaretta quondam uxor Roherti Routh Militis quae obiit 4 die mensis 
Augusti A. D. 1421. 

Hie jacet Guido Routh et Johanna uxor ejus fdia ; Ricardi Burgbi Je Calthorp Armigeri benefactores 
hujus ecclesia^ qui obierunt dictus viz. Guido in vigilia omnium sanctorum 1459, dicta vero Johanna ad 
1470." 

MoXL'JiENTS. — The principal one is that of Sir John de ilelsa, of Bewick, it stands in the place pointed out 
in the foregoing account of the fabric. It is of the altar form ; on the table is the full length effigy of a man in 
armour, with a conical basinet and surcoat, his feet resting on a lion, f see plate J. The tomb measures about 
8 feet by 3 feet 7 ; the figure itself 6 feet 6 inches, and nearly two feet across the shoulders."^ The dado is 

^ There was a school in this part of the aisle or chantry chapel ; the two archways being boarded up so as to 
separate it from the chancel. The school boys had both time and opportunity for executing their mischievous 
tricks upon the monuments above alluded to. The Rev. Wm. Craven, the present vicar, had the school 
removed, the boarded partitions taken down, and the whole cleared so as to throw the archways open into the 
chancel, the disfigured monuments cleared from the coating of yellow ochre, at least that of the lady, so that 
it is now become, although sadly damaged, a subject for the pencil. 

'' No. 3836, Brit. Mus. ' There is a tradition that he was a man of great stature and immense strength : 

this has arisen, perhaps, from the size of the effigy. 








.ITOST €SriJlEi'3IHI . 










FuiLshid hy R.Browrt. I<,wga-t, £lJl- 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 13 

enriched with quatrefoils aud panels, with shields of arms, which are described by Mr. Warburton, in his 
papers among the Lansdown manuscripts, to be on the east end, 

Az. six griffins volant, three, two, one, or. Meaux. 

Az. a maunch sable - - Hastings. 

On the north side ; barry of six, or. az, . - Constable. 

Or. a plain cross, vert - Hussee. 

Gu. a cross party or, every point charged with a mullet, gu. ... Ughtred. 

Vaire, ar. and az. a fess gu. - Marmion. 

Ar. a maunch sable. Plastings. 

At the west end ; gu. three water bougets, ar. ...... Eoos. 

Az. six griffins, volant, three, two, one, or. Meaux. 

On the south side ; or. a lion rampant, az. oppressed with a bend gebone, ar. Sc gu. Sutton. 

Three bars, a fleur de lis in fesse point. »** 

Ar. three chaplets, gu. Lascelles. 

Or. three chevronells, gu. a chief vaire, ar. Sc az. - - - - - St. Quintin. 

Ar. a lion rampant, az. .......... Fauconberg.'' 

The shields on the south side are now nearly obliterated, the feet, hands, aud features of the face broken and 
gone; it suffered this destruction from the school boys. The monument at one time was placed in the belfry, 
but has since been restored to the place it occupied formerly. The morion of the gallant knight has ceased to 
be used as a coal box by the village urchins of the school, and hangs as a venerable trophy of the olden time 
over the tomb of its former master. 

Under the smaller arch, as described, is a table monument of free stone, to a female, Her head dress is a 
sort of stiff lace work, and on her breast is sculptured three griffins, like those on the other monument, and she 
seems to hold her rosary and beads in her hand ; there is a canopy above her head, but the whole figure is so 
mutilated as scarcely to allow of being particularized. There are four quatrefoils, with four shields, sculptured 
with the arras of Meaux, (see cut) and it is not iaiprobable is intended for Maud, the wife of Sir John, fsee 
the pedigree.) 

In the chancel, a mural marble and floor monument to Thos. Hall, Esq. of Aldbro' and Hull, ob. 5 June, 
1808, aged 61 ; Mary, his wife, 23 Dec. 1823, aged 7.5. 

A floor stoue to Arthur Dates. Two mural free stones to Jno. Speck, 10 April, 1805, aged 50; and Mrs. 
Speck. 

A mural tablet in south aisle — Jas. Beau, Esq. arms, argent a chevron gules, between three goats' heads, 
erased, gules. 

On floor, same arms, to James Bean Lee. — On a marble near the pulpit, to Kev. C. Wray, vicar 32 years, 
ob. 23 Oct. 1703, aged C7. 

On a table monument, near the porch door, outside — 

Here lieth interred the body of Wm. Eaines, yeoman, of this parish, who died on the 11th of February, in 

the year of our Lord God 1633. Also, the bodye of John Raines, who departed this life on the 7th day 

16-17. Also, the body of Priscilla, widow of Wm. Eaines, above mentioned, who died on the 14th day of Sep. 
A. D. 1654. 

^ Lansdown M. S. No. 804. A piece of wood placed here, on which are the quarterings of the Constables, 
with the supporters, dexter a hull, sable, and sinister a lion, crowned, for the arms of Constable, Lord Viscount 
Dunbar, with the motto Sans Mai Desir, was found on the sea shore it is said, and perhaps lost from the stern 
of some vessel ; it has no relation to the tomb. 

d2 



14 ALDBROUGH. 

Here was interred the body of Thomas Raines, of Fosham, who dyed 14 Feby. 1653. Here was also 
buried : — 

John Raynes, gent, of Filling and Filton, ob. 10', int'd 19 March, 1714. 

William Raynes, gent, his son, born Aug. 25, 1G88, died suddenly at Filling, Sep. 30, 1718, st. 30. 

EHzabeth Raynes, widow of above Jno. Rayues, died at Wyton, buried here Nov. 1727. 

Mary, daur. of Wm. Raines, deceased, interd. Nov. 18. 1727, oet. 14. 

John, son of Wm. Raines, deceased, intrd. Dec. 14, 1727, vet 13. 

Wm. son of Wm. Raines, deceased, int. 1732, Et. 1 1. 

Rob. Raines, of Flinton, died Nov. 29, 1763, aged 47. 

There is a small figure underneath the seat of a pew, at the north-east end of the nave, about 22 inches high ; 
it is so injured as scarcely to be described, it seems as if dressed in the costume of a Roman soldier, in a 
kneeling attitude, and as far as it can be made out, appears to have rested the head on one hand, the elbow 
being supported. 

The church having been thus described in detail, it will be necessary to refer more 
particularly to the stone of Ulphus. 

The arguments, adduced in favour of this being a Saxon church, have all been based 
upon the assumption that, UIPs memorial to his friends, remains in the church in which it 
was originally placed. 

The engraving page 6, is a representation of it ; the inscription surrounding it thus 
rendered : — 

Sax.— L'lf het arroran cyrice, for Ilanum ic for Gunthard Saula. 

L.\T. — Utfusjussit erigere ccclesiam, pro Hano el pro Guntliardi animd. 

Eng. — Ulf commanded this church to be erected for the souls of Hanum and Gunthard. 

The stone itself is placed, as already described, over the circular pillar in the nave, 
between two pointed arches, as shewn in the foregoing cut. The diameter of the stone is 
fifteen inches and a half, and the internal space is divided into eight angles, by cqui-distant 
lines meeting in the centres ; in one of which near the base, is a rude figure, composed 
of six lines, crossing each other at right angles." It projects a little more than an inch 
from the wall, and is daubed with yellow ochre. 

Upon an examination of the church, the details of which have been just given, they will 
appear to be of a character which leads to the conclusion that this building, dedicated to St. 
Bartholomew, is not the church which Ulf commanded to be erected ; it not being older, 
perhaps than the reign of Stephen, its oldest parts possessing the characteristics of that 
period. If the stone, upon which so much has been said, be examined, it will be found to 
be placed upside down, from the ignorance of those who placed it where it is ; indeed the 
very arches between which it is fixed, are the oldest part of the church, and they are of 
post Normanic date. It is very evident the stone docs not occupy its original position. 

» Mr. Whitaker, in his Cathedral of Cornwall, says it is the cognizance of Ulph, and represents a portcullis. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



15 



The crosses combined in the area of the stone may, probably, says Mr. Pcgg, allude to 
the Trinity, although the present fabric is dedicated to St. Bartholomew. 

The doorway leading into the chancel, on the south side, represented in the initial 
letter, has the zig zag ornament alluded to over it, but that ornament was not peculiar to 
the Saxon buildings, but even if it were, it has been removed from some other edifice, and 
placed here, as it certainly belonged to a larger arch than the one over which it is thrown. 
The grotesque figures, given in the cut, are decidedly part of another building, and intro- 



duced where they are at a later period. It may be, therefore, presumed that the church 
of Ulf went into the sea, and the present building was erected, partly from the materials 
which were preserved from the threatened destruction, before it actually took place. 
There is certainly some difficulty in accounting for the disappearance of the chapels of St. 
John do Beverley and of the Trinity ; if two other sacred edifices at Aldbro' had shared 
a similar fate to that of Ulphus, there would doubtless have been some memorials of them 
preserved, as there is no deficiency of historic matter after the 14th century. In the 
absence of all information on the subject, a conjecture may be hazarded, that the present 
church contained the chapels of St. John de Beverley and of the Trinity, as well as those 
of St. Germains and the blessed Virgin Mary. These monuments of ancient piety, like 
all other things, have been subject to casualty and time, nor need it be surprising that 
posterity is ignorant of their exact site, since " we know that the pyramids themselves, 
doting with age, have forgotten the names of their founders." 

Charities. — Kobert Towrie, by will, dated 18th July, 1663, devised his tythes of corn and hay in East 
Newton ; half the tithe of corn and hay in Hingborough, and a house and garden, with a quantity of land in 
East Newton, then in the occupation of Marmaduke Dunn, to the vicars of the parish church of Aldborough, 
successively, to their proper use, by way of augmentation of that vicarage ; and he gave a farm and grounds in 
Aldbro', then in the occupation of Roger Milner, and of the yearly value of £24, unto the vicar, overseers of 
the poor, and churchwardens of Aldbro', successively, to the purpose that they, or the major part of them, 
should every year lay out the profits thereof towards the use of the poor people of the parish of Aldbro', for 
ever, as for binding poor boys apprentices, bringing up poor indigent boys and girls, or relieving old people in 



16 ALDBROUGH. 

charity, with some rehef as they in their discretion should think meet and convenient. The testator also 
devised a frontstead, with the appurtenances, in the parish of Arnold, and all the residue of his leasing and 
lands in Aldhro", in the event of failure of issue of Mary Thorp, therein named, to the vicar, churchwardens, 
and overseers of Aldhro', for the same charitable purposes as mentioned in the will respecting Milner's farm ; 
but the last devise has never taken effect. 

The tithes and property devised for the augmentation of the vicarage are held by the vicar for his own use. 

The farm and grounds, formerly in the occupation of Roger Milner, consist of a house, barn, and 130 acres, 
or thereabouts, of land, which are let by the vicar and parish officers to Wm. Wright, as yearly tenant, at 
£200 per annum, which at present exceeds the yearly value, and an allowance of £10 per cent, was therefore 
made out of the last half years rent. The rents of the estate are applied by the trustees, viz. the vicar, church- 
wardens, and overseers, to charitable purposes, in such manner as they consider most advantageous to the poor 
of Aldhro'. In general the number of three poor children, is yearly apprenticed, with premiums of £6 each; 
10 or 17 boys, and the like number of girls are sent to school and provided with books and scationery; the 
sum of £12 or £l 4 is laid out in buying blankets and coals for the poor in winter; and a distribution of money 
is made half yearly among the poor people of the parish, with a decided preference to such as receive no 
parochial relief. There were two cottages built on a part of the charity estate nearly 20 years ago, for the 
accommodation of poor persons, and these are occupied rent free, by poor persons, placed therein by trustees. ' 
Meetings are held half yearly on the Thursdays before Michaelmas and Lady day, by the trustees, to administer 
the charity and select proper objects of relief. 

Bean's Gift. — James Bean, who died in 17G7, by a codicil to his will, bearing date the 1.3th June in that 
year, declared that he thereby charged and made chargeable all his estate for ever, for the due payment of 2s. 
per week, to be distributed iu penny loaves to the poor of the parish of Aldhro', every Sunday after divine 
service, according to the discretion of the minister and churchwardens ; and he devised the same to be con- 
tinually upheld. But for upwards of thirty or forty years the payment has been discontinued, the executors 
being both long since dead, and no personal representative of the testator living. 

Tijinperoii s Charily. — William Tymperon, of Beverley, in this county, gentleman, by will duly executed 
and attested for passing real estates, and bearing date 20th Nov. 1723, gave, devised, and bequeathed unto 
Robert Davye, of the city of York, Esq., for and during the term of his natural life, and from and after his 
decease to the ministers of the parishes of St. John and St. Mary, Beverley, and of Aldbro', in Holderuess, for 
the time being for ever all that his manor in Aldhrough, and all his lands, tenements, and hereditaments 
therein, or within the liberty, precincts and territories thereof; also, all his lands, tenements, and heredita- 
ments whatsoever, and all fee farms, liberties, privileges, profits, commodities, emoluments, and hereditaments 
to the said manor and premises belonging, to hold the same to the several uses, intents and purposes therein- 
after limited, that is to say, if his personal estate should fall short in paying his debts and discharging his 
funeral expenses, then by sale, mortgage, or leasing of the premises, or any part thereof, to pay and discharge 
the same, and to pay to Lucy Kitchen £2 10s. yearly, during the natural life of Mrs. Lydia Tymperon, sister 
to the said Lucy; and to Ann Dunn, his servant, £1 5s. every quarter of a year during her life; and to 
purchase a house so near to the church of Si. Mary, Beverley, as might be, for the habitation of six poor people, 
(men or women) to be chosen by his trustees out of the inhabitants of the town of Aldhro' aforesaid, 
and out of that part of the parish of St. John, in Beverley, which lies within the said town of Beverley, 
and out of the parish of St. Mary, within the said town ; that is to say, two out of the town of 
Aldhro', three out of the parish of St. Mary, and one out of that part of the parish of St. John aforesaid, 
lying within the said town of Beverley, and to pay to each of the said poor people 2s. Cd. a week ; and 
his will was, that his trustees should at any time, according to their discretions, turn out any of the said 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 17 

poor people, and others place in their steads ; and he thereby gave and devised to the minister of Humble- 
tou, in the East-Hiding of the county of York, for the time being, for ever, £4 yearly, and he declared it to be 
his will and mind, that during the vacancy of any of the churches (after the decease of the above-named Robert 
Davye) the ministers whereof he had appointed as aforesaid trustees, then the other ministers or minister, his 
trustees or trustee, should have full power to act in performing of that his will, and he thereby constituted the 
above-named Robert Davye the sole executor of that his will. 

It appears to be unknown who is now the heir-at-law of the testator. The property derived under the will 
consists of the following particulars : — 

1. The manor, or reputed manor of the township of Aldbrough. 

2. A house (late rebuilt) with a small garden in the parish of Aldbrough, let to the Rev. Wm, Craven, 

curate of the parish, at the rent of £21 per annum. ^ 

3. A farm at Aldbrough, consisting of a house and 192 acres. The lands adjoin the sea shore, and suffer 

from the gradual encroachments of the sea. 

The persons chosen to the alms house are always, according to the uses, females. The weekly stipends of the 
alms people have been increased— in 1795, from 23. Cd. to 3s. ; in 1800 to 3s. Cd. and smce that time by 
gradual advances to 6s. 

The farm at Aldbrough was let for 21 years, from May, 176G, at £GG per annum. In 1787 it was let 
(improvidently it appears) on a lease for 31 years, at £82 per annum, and on the expiration of that lease in 1808, 
it was let from year to year at the advanced rent of £250 per annum. A debt of £400 was incurred before the 
year 1756, on the occasion of the inclosure of the land at Aldbro', and interest continued to be paid on this 
debt until the year 1820, when the principal was paid off. The land tax upon the farm has been redeemed, 
and since 1808, there have also been expended £650 in building the house at Aldbro', occupied by Mr. Craven, 
and £300 and upwards in the erection of barns, stables, and granaries, upon the farm. It was not considered 
expedient, says the report, in the opinion of the then treasurer, to increase the stipends and allowances to the 
poor persons in the alms house If somewhat larger stipends were granted, it continues, there would still be a 
considerable excess of income. It appears, therefore, to us, say the commissioners, that the directions of a court 
of equity are requisite in this case, for the guidance of the trustees in the application of the surplus income. 

In 1764, an act was obtained for enclosing the open fields of Aldbro', in which it is 
set forth, that there are 80^ oxgangs, and some odd lands ; whereof 

Hugh Bethell, of Rise, hath 12| oxgs. for time being 6 oxgs. 

Christopher Scott, Aldbro' 13 and odd Thomas Foster, of Ross 2 

Hugh Andrew, Scarbro' 131 James Bean, of Aldbro' 3J 

Thos. Yates, Bridlington G| Ann Jarratt, an infant ... 2 

Saml. Johnson, Thos. Lewthwaite, of Robert Wilberforce, of Hull 1 

Beverley ; Christr. Wray, of King- Anthony Kidd Garton, reversion in fee 

ston-upon-lIuU; trustees for a charity 10 to E. Loryman 2 

Theos. Meadley, Aldbro' 6 and odd Joseph Smith, Aldbro' J 

Wm. Wright, , 2 Saml. Watson, the younger, Hull, lessee under St. 

The vicar, churchwardens and overseers, Thomas's Hospital, 2 flats in north field. 

Also, that there are, in the township of Aldbro', 62 messuages or cottages which have common rights, and 
are belonging to the several persons hereafter named in the several shares and proportions following : the said 

" C. Coras. Report, dated 1823 ; Mr. Craven Las since become vicar, and is ex-officio one of the trustees of 
the charity. 



18 ALDBROUGH. 

Hugh Bethell hath 10 oxgs. Thos. Foster 1 

Christr. Scott 10 James Bean 3 

Hugh Andrew ... ... ... ... 1 Anthony Jarratt ... ... ... 1 

Thomas Yates G Anthony KiJd 1 

Saml. Johnson, Thos. Lewthwaite, and Jos. Smith ... ... ... ... 1 

Christr. Wray 5 Wm. Lott, Christopher Ilohson, Barnabas Prickett, 

Theos. Meadley 2 Kobert Mihitr, of Hedon, carpenter, John Savidge, 

Wm. Wright 1 Thos. Caseley, —Meadley, John Chaphn, 1 each. 

Christr. Wray, as vicar ... ... 1 

Hugh Bethell, impropriator of tythes, Christopher Wray, vicar, to have a composition in land and rent in 
lieu of tythes and tythe rent. John Dickenson, of Beverley, John Outram, of Burton Agnes, and John Eaines, 
of Burton Constable, appointed commissioners to make the award. 

The tolls claimed by the lord of the seigniory and collected by his depute in this lord- 
ship, are — for all beasts sold at Bartholomew fair Id. each ; for all stalls, whereon 
anything is sold, such as cheese, shoes, &c. Id. or if set on the ground without stalls, 
the same. 

The Medlays, of Aldbro', were ancient freeholders, and contracted marriages with 
some respectable houses ; one was a proctor of the court of York, and married a Grimston, 
of Grimston Garth, about the time of queen Mary. Over the door of a house at Flinton, 
is the following record within a triangle : — 

" Si quis me qucrat 
Hie nomen erat." 
But which more correctly, perhaps, should read querit and erit. This Medlay was the 
head of his family, and married Sarah, daughter of * * * and relict of William Raines, by 
whom he had issue one son, John Medlay, who died s. p. and one daughter, Margaret, 
his sole heiress who married Mark Bell, of Killingholme, near Bishop Burton, gent, whose 
son, ]Mr. Johnson, now enjoys the house and estate of the family of Medlay, of this place 
and Flinton. 

Another family of some note, who held considerable property here, of the name of 
Scott, are thus descended. 

Joshua Scott, of Hull.=r 

Thomas Scott, or Hull, died there, hotiRht the=Mary d -. of * ■ * Joshua, of^. John Scott, of thc=« ■ * dr. of Iveaon, 
house and 100 acres of land at Aldbro , all I Uichardson, Hull. Customs in Hul', alderman of 



Son and dr. dead. 



I Scott, married to Majoi 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 19 

The Rev. Wm. Craven, vicar of this place, has in his possession some huge and 
remarkable vertebra of an antediluvian animal, which have been examined and pronounced 
to be singular specimens of a distinct class. In alluding to these deposits, Mr. Phillips 
says that, although our climate is cold, and utterly unfit to maintain the existence of such 
animals ; yet the time has been, if the history of the earth be rightly understood, when 
elephants and hippopotami, tigers, and hysenas, lived here together, and together met the 
common doom of all the inhabitants of the earth — destruction by overflowing water. So 
numerous was the number thus destroyed, that almost every gravel pit, diluvial cliff, and 
limestone cavern, abound with their remains. These alluded to are 18 inches in circum- 
ference, 6 inches in diameter, and 2 inches in depth ; they were washed out of the strong 
clay cliff, and were picked up on the shore by the Rev. Wm. Craven himself, in the 
neighbourhood of Aldbrough ; the unusual proportions indicate the gigantic size, and 
formidable strength, of antediluvian animals. It is by comparing them with the existing 
species that the antediluvian condition of the world may be conjectured, and with what 
vegetables it was adorned. No scope need be given to fancy, the truth of analogy, the 
known conformity of nature, are sure guides to the geologist. 

Mr. Dade, in his letter to Mr. Brooke, speaks of the state of the roads, as likely to 
prevent his visit to Aldbrough, if delayed, and if the following information be added to it, 
those who at present reside in Holderness will fully appreciate the value of the very 
excellent roads they now possess. The Rev. Robert Banks, vicar of Hull, writes to W. R. 
Thoresby, of Leeds, respecting fresh matter for Dr. (afterwards Bishop) Gibson's edition 
of Camden's Brittannia, dated Dec. 29, 1707, says— "the ways in Holderness, at this 
time of the year are next to impassable, and some have lost their lives who have ventured 
through them, and for that reason it is very difficult to hold any correspondence by letters 
into the several parts of that division."" 

The Lamwith stream rises at Thorpe Garth, and runs about a mile and a half through 
Aldbrough parish, and then divides the North and Middle Bailiwicks, between Carlton 
and Withernwick, passing Marton, Skirlaugh, and Benningholme, and is ultimately lost 
in the river Hull. 

Mr. Wilson, who practised as a solicitor in Hull 18 years before his death, was born at 
Aldbrough, 11 Sep. 1/58. In 1792 he published a Short Treatise on the Law relative to 
arbitration, and is mentioned in the Biographical Dictionary of Living Authors, published 
in 1816, but which is incorrect, as he died 9th Dec. 1798. — Frosfs Address, p. 46. 

John Bigland, author of Letters on the Study and Use of Ancient and Modern History, 
and numerous other useful and popular works, was born of poor parents at Aldbrough, 
and died about ten years since. 
^ Thoresby Corresp. by tlunter, 2 vol. 8vo. 1830. 

VOL. II. E 



20 ALDBnOUGH. 

Drake has sketched out a Roman road as leading along the sea coast through this place, 
but the subject has been referred to already, and will be noticed again. The account of 
this place may be closed by the following quotation from Burnsell's M. S. in the British 
Museum : — 

Aldbrough, about a mile from the sea, its name intimates some antiquity, yet I hear neither of antient coynes 
nor other marks of antiquity here about. lu tlie church is a tomb of one commonly call'd Giant Morrell, 
w'h the same Helmet yet remaining w'h he used in his life time ; his true name was John de Melsa, or Meaux, 
sade to be a man of great stature; but whether it were that Sir John de Melsa that Edwd. the first made 
governor of York for 5 years together, about the year 1292, or another John de Meaux of Bewick, a place near 
adjoining to this Aldbrough, who gave by his deed, dated in 13G1, in 3 Edward III. to the prior and convent 
of Ilaltemprise his manner house of 'Willardby. 

The population returns convey the necessary information relative to this township. 

BEWICK, called in Domesday Biuinch, a soke containing six carucates belonging to 
the manor of Aldbrough, " situate upon that great fleete," says a well-known authority, 
" called Lamwath, near to which that dreyne hath its eastermost rise and addition, and 
thereupon it is probable it had its name, for By, in Saxon tongue, from heth, Hebrew, 
signifies an habitation, and vie (wick) a winding or reach of a river, or fleete, so as 
Bewick holds out unto us an habitation by the winding of a fleete, which denotes the situa- 
tion of the place as the termination of Withernwick implies." But it is more correctly, 
perhaps, derived from the name of its Saxon possessor. That this place was held by Wm. 
le Gross, as part of his fee, is evident from the exchange of six carucates, the land of the 
whole soke, with Sir John de Meaux, for three carucates in Meaux, in order to make a 
park at the latter place, conditionally, that Sir John and his heirs should render the same 
services for the Earl's carucates in Bewick, as he had been accustomed to do for his 
own at Melsa." The family of Meaux derive their origin from Normandy ; their first 
ancestor accompanied Duke William into this kingdom, and established himself in a place 
in the parish of Waghen, which derived its name from that circumstance. The following 
pedigree is taken from the Lciger Book at Winestead, which will be found to diifer from 
that in the Monasticon. The corroborating evidences, added in the notes, are derived from 
the Meaux Chartulary,'' escheats, inq. p. mortem, and the several authentic sources named. 
PEDIGREE OF MEAUX, OF BEWICK, 
From the Leit/er Boot at yViimstend. 



Gainellus de Melsa. = 



' Meaux Chart. ^' Penes the late J. H. Smyth, Esq. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 21 



THLn.as,c,eric,„. 


Robert de ilelsa, dal 
ar. Itrn!"™ (B 


; Melsa!= 
Myton, 1 


:Matildia (or Maud) Camjn. 


JoL de Melsa c 


i 




Peter dns deOwthorne.= 




Oalfridus, 22= 
H IIHD.)| 




Alice, wire of Peter Hildvard, of 
Arnold and Preston. 


JoLcirca.O„.III,= Thlas. 


John, dns de East Halsliam.=Beatrix, dr. and 
jureuxoris. {E ) Hedon and 0« 


heir or Waller de 


Petlr, 22 E. 1. perescht No.- 


Scholastica, sister=Godrridus de Mclsa, ob 
andco-lieiressor i E. II. perescht. (F.) 
PliilipdeGayton. 


Isaljella, rad. John Ughtred, 
leMelsa,ob. I4E. II.= 


Sir Philip de Melsa, escht. 9 E. III.= Ellcn, ob. 19 E 
No. 31. living 1329. (4.) 1 escht. No. 2; 


William, per escht. 16 E. III.=Catherine, dr. of Sir 
No. 31. (5.) 1 Constable. 


CO.,Jn. 


'S^^^^:^il 




Peter, per escht. 23 E. III. No 151. (6.) 


John de Means, km. s.p. ob. 1 Rd II 


.; he died in the year 1377. He 
the chance, in the parish church 


was aged 
of Aldbr 


o\ undera tab"°ombof frec-~ '""'' '^''ffa's' 



(A) He exchanged three carueates in Meaux for Bewick, the former having belonged to his father and grand- 
father, Henry II. confirmed in the time of Philip, the second abbat. — Meaux Chart. 

(B) He was son of Sir John, who owned Melsa, and gave an oxgang and 6 perches of land in Waghen, which he 
held of Sir Peter de AVaghen. Robert, son of John de Meaux, gave 4 oxgangs of land in Myton, and pasture 
for 400 sheep and other grants, and the whole dominicum which remained in his hands when the four oxgangs 
were separated from the three which Avor (or Anor), wife of Hugh Camyn, held for life, all which Robert 
had in marriage with INIaud, his wife, daughter of Hugh Camyn. John de Meaux, jun., Roger de Mow- 
bray, and Eustace de Vescy, confirm. — Meaux Chart. 

(C) A benefactor to the abbey of Meaux, he made an exchange with it of lands in Jlyton, for a carucate at 
Alden and Thorpe. — Meaux Chart. 

(D) Dat terr in Maunsdale, 22 H. III. 

(E) John de Meaux held here, in Bewyk, according to Kirby's Inq. p. 41. 

(F) He held the manor of Bewick, with its members, 10 bovates of land in Aldburg, and a carucate in Walking- 
ton. — Inq. p. Mortem. 

(G) AViPs de Melton cl'icus finem fecit cum R' p' trecentes marc' p' custod' manerii de Bewyk cum memb' de 
Walkinton, Aldeburgh, Newton Sc Hedon quie fuerunt Godfri de Melsa def ' h'end" usque. &c. 

Rog's de Wyngefeld cl'cus finem fecit cum R' p' quart' viginti lib' p' custodia man"ii de Halsham cum 
membris et AP p'tin' suis q' fuerunt Godefri de Melsa def h'end usq. — Ahh. Rot. Orig. p. 190. 
(H) John de Melsa chev'r feoffavit Wm. Percehay et Isabellam uxorem ejus' Levesham, Man'r Newton 
Bewyke Man' Halsham, Wilardby, Miggebye, &c. 26 E. III. — Inq. p. Mortem. 

(1) Peter, says the writer of the Meaux Chartulary, a noviciate with us, gave two oxgangs, with two tofts ; 
Thomas, his son, confirms, hominem alterarum eorundem bov. tenentem cum sequela tota in Owthorne. — 
Meaux Chart. 

(2) John, son of Peter de Melsa, gave towards the building of the monastery (ad cedificia) a toft in Withorn, 
and two in Owthorne and Wiuthornsea, with a pasture belonging to them. — Meaux Chart. 

(3) Held 1 mess. 8 tofts, and 6 bovates of land in Owthorne. 

(4) P'trus de Meaux tenuit die quo obiit conju'ctim cu' Elena uxore ejus maneriu' de Outhethorn cu' p'tin' 

e2 



22 ALDBROUGH. 

de R' iu capite ut de Ilonore Albe Marlie p' sorvic' militare scil't p' servic duodiceme partis unius feodi mil' 
& iveddend inde sect' ad Wapentagiu' de Holdeinesse de trib' Sept' iu tres. Q'd q' Will's est fil' & heres 
p'dci' Vhi'.—IIarl. MSS. Ko. 708. Inq. p. Mortem, 9 E. III. 
(5) 10 Edw. III. p. 103. Rex cessit homagium Willi' fil' Phi' de Melsa de man'io de Vithorn & q'd man'rium 
tenetur de R. ut de honore de Alb Marlie p' s'vicium duo decimo p' tis unius feodi ruilitis & reddi p' ann' 
ad auxilium vie' com' Ebor' Septem denar S^ unam obolura ad medium quadragessime & faciendi sectam & 
Wapentachium de Holdernesse de trib' Septimanis et Ides &c. Rot. 8. — Ahhrevalio Rot. Originalium. 
(C) Peter, son of William Meaux, held divers lands JvC. in Owthorne, as of the manor of Alb. Inq. p. Mortem 
2ZEdw. III. p. 151. 

The manor thus passed by marriage -with Alice, sister and heir of Sir John Meaux, to 
Ralph Hastings. Glover, in his Collectanea," corroborates this ; he says — " Sir Ralph 
Hastings, in the year 1377 enjoyed the chief manor and lordship of Bewick and Sutton, 
in Holderness, which were the lands of Sir John de Meaux, the last of that name." Sir 
William Dugdale, in his account of the pedigree of Hastings, states that — Sir Ralph Hast- 
ings, who was high sheriif of Yorkshire, and governor of the castle of York, a. d. 1377, 
married, — first, Isabel, daughter and heir of Sir Robert de Sadington, in Leicestershire, 
and for his second wife, Maud, daughter and co-heir of Sir Robert de Sutton, of Sutton, 
in Holderness, and she brought him the manors of Sutton and Bewyke ; but how she came 
to be possessed of the manor of Bewick does not appear. The manor continued in the 
possession of the family of Hastings for several generations. 



• Leon rd, heir t 



, Lord Ilaslings, chamberlain to Edivaid IV. dccollatus 1 R. III. = Calharlno, daugbu 



Edward, Lord Hastings a d Hungerford, ob. 14 Henry VII.^Mar.v, dtr. and co-heir of Thomas, Lord Hungerford. 

Bv an inquisition, post mortem, taken at Malton, before John Langton, Esq. the King's escheator, in the 
county of York, on the 6th day of October, 15 H. VI. — It was found by the jurors upon oath, that Richard 
Hastings knt. was in possession, the day in which he died, (inter alia) of the manor of Bewyk, with its appurts. 
which said manor is within the vill. of Aldburgh, in which said manor is a certain site with a house built upon 
it, worth nothing per annum above re-payment ; 40 acres of land, of which are worth, &c. 2s. per acre, and 12 
acres of meadow, each acre worth 2s. and a messuage within the vill. of Aldburgh, which said messuage is 
worth 3s. per ann. and 2 virgatai= terrjE worth 10s. each, and 1 windmill worth 6s. 8d. and that the said manor 
is held of Ann, Countess of Stafford, as of her manor of Burstwyk, doing suit at the court every 3 weeks, and 
that Leonard Hastings is brother and heir.<: 

William Hastings, who came back with Edward IV. to Ravenspurn, died seized of the manor of Bewick. 
In his will, dated 27 June, 1481, " Also I woUe that my feoffees of the manors of Bewick and Thurkelby in 
Holderness in the county of York (here are enumerated several other manors) shall sulFer mine executors to 
take the issues thereof unto the time &c. they may have performed this my will and pay'd my debts &c. " Also 
I will f<c. the manor of Sutton in Holderness (with other manors named) make estate thereof to Richard my 

=■ Heralds Coll. p. 12. '> Yard Lands. <^ In Tur. Lon. 15 H. VI. No. 58. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 23 

son when he cometh to the age of 18 years to have to him and the heirs of his body the remainder to the heirs 
male of my fader's body the remaynder to my right heirs. His wife, Catherine, is required to release her dower 
in all the sayd manors of Bewyk, Thurlcalby, kc.^ He was summoned to parliament from the 1st to the 22nd 
E. IV. was Lord Chamberlain and Knight of the Garter, and beheaded in 1483, hy order of Richd. HI. 

His fidelity to the son of the sovereign, by whom he had been advanced to honor, is 
immortalized by Shakspeare, and his name is consequently familiar to every reader : 

"But that I'll give my voice on Richard's side 

To bar my master's heirs, in true descent, 

God knows T would not do it to the death." 
Edward Lord Hastings of Asbby dela Zouche, eldest son of the above, having married Mary daur. and heir 
of Thomas Hungerford, son and heir of Robert Lord Ilungerford and Molines, he was summoned to 
parliament as Edwardo de Hastings de Hungerford, 15 Nov. 22 E. IV. 1482, and died in 1507. He wills that 
his feofees shall make sale among other manors, of Bewyk, to pay his debts and perform his last will ; w. d. 
4th Nov. 1506.'' 

The next account of the manor is derived from the evidences of the family of Moore. 
John Moore, of Bewick, Esq. by w. p. 16 January, 1597, gives to his brother Ralph, his 
unexpired term of years in the manor and ferm of Bewick, and also the original lease of 
Bewick, granted to Robert Moore, his father, (see pedigree) by the Lord Mayor and 
commonalty of the city of London, the governors of the revenues, and goods of the hospital 
of King Edward VI. of Christ and St. Thomas, and granted by his father to the testator. 
MOORE, OF BEWICK, 

ALIAS DE LA MORE. 

Descended from Laurence Moore, to ichom the Conqueror gave lands at Moore, in Com. Oxon, habend in socagiojierserviV inde debitum. 

John Moore, Esq. sup. = Alice, daughter of Sir John Eschallers, Com. Cantab, who bore 
27 Henry VI. 1449. | argent, a fesse inter three annulets, gules. 




argirct, 



* * daughter of Holmes, 
of Paul Holme, and 
relict of Sir Kd. de 



.pensioner to= Agnes, daughter and Marv, ivfc of Sir Elizabeth, wife of Gabriel Fowler, 

ob.s.p. slain heirof John Hussey, Michael Blount, of of Hlldsworth, Com. Bed. Esq, 

the Queen's of Shapwilh, Cora. Iver. Cora. BuclLS. re-mairied to Sir John Brocket, 

Dorset. of Herts. 

Thomas Moore, of Haddon, Esq.=Dorothy, daughter of tlie Right 

cousin and heir male 0- "■ " ••••-' -,■,-... 

mas ; sup. 24 Henry V 1 1 



Esther, dtr.=='William, 

of Hawkins, 

' ' " ' ~ 1 Mary. 



s, I don 
I Qu 



Vnn, married Mr. 'WiUiam 
Stratford, of Farmcett, 
Com. Glocest. Esq. 



:atharine, daughter Thomas, Henry. Edward, of Layton,=Mary, grandchild of Sir Eliz. n 

of John GitTord, of ob.s.p. Lom. Essex. Thomas Moore, Lord W m. 

Ichill.Com.South- Chancellor. pest 

nmntjin. I St Wife. Uurh 



Winifrid, married John Margaret. Mary. Frances, r 
Gregory, of Hordley, Paris, of Linton 

Com. Oxford, Esq. Cantab. Esq. 



Vetusta. Test. vol. 1, p. 369. " Ibid. vol. 2. p. 477. 



24 ALDBROUGH. 





n. bert Moor, of Bci.ick, Esq. to whom Bewick w.is leased=Eliz. sister of Fir 
by the lord mayor and commonalty of ihe city of London, i Edw. Darrel, kt. 




L Jloor, of York. Esquire 
Ihe northern parts, 2) Eliza 


= Catharinc. dlr. of Wm. More, rec-=Elizabeth, dtr. of Frances, dtr. or= 
•••Holiie.of tor of More, 1 Mr. Earnly, of Mr. Hildvard, 
Paul Holme. Com. Oion. Berks. of Louth,' ind 


Ralph, of Bewick,=El 
ardsonofRobt. 
Moore. 


m\ 60; buried at St. Peter's 
York. Made will as abore. 


Robert Moore, of Hornsea. jLne, wife of Mr. Stone, of More, Com. Ojon. 






°is''sup°po;ed"'to be* br'oiher" tST of ■Bes«Uh"relict of°.Mr. j"o'ta 
liobeit, of Hornsea. Richardson. 


cy, of Beverley, Esq. 


• ' • daughter oLRalph.' John Moor, of Bewick, Esq. Mary, wife of Alan Pe 
Mary, wife of t hiiip Constable, of Wassand ; re-married John Constable, of Catfuss. Had issue by t 



This hamlet, which amounts to about 827 acres, is the property of St. Thomas's hospital, 
Southwark.'' A farm house, occupied by Mr. Suddaby, called Bewick Hall, has, contiguous 
•to it, a small island surrounded by a deep moat, it consists nearly of two roods, thirty 
perches ; and in a field south-west may be traced appearances of foundations where it is 
conjectured the ancient hall or residence of the lords of Bewick was formerly situated ; 
a place called castle hill, which forms an approach to this place, must be referred to it, 
and not to Aldbro' castle, as supposed by some persons. As all the out fences of Bewick 
lordship belong to it, it is naturally presumed that these marks indicate its ancient inclo- 
sure. The estate is divided into three farms, viz : — Bewick Hall, at 324 acres, in the 
occupancy of Mr. Suddaby ; Westhill, 272 acres, of Mr. Henry Hobson ; and Easthill, 
231 acres, occupied by Mr. Don ; the latter farms are so named from their situation, they 
are bounded by the German Ocean. There are about 46 acres of the estate in the town- 
ship of Aldbrough, subject to the small tithes ; Mr. Bethell is the owner of the great, the 
vicar of Aldbrough of the small tithes. The whole of Bewick is in the parish of Aldbrough. 

CARLTON. — Ceorls, or Husbandmen's Town, so called in the early Saxon times. 

In Carlenton, Suuen had two carucates of land to be taxed ; there may be two ploughs there. Eadulph, a 
vassal of Drogo, has now there one plough and twenty acres of meadow, half a mile long and half broad ; 
value in King Edward's time twenty shillings, now five shillings. 

The incidents relating to the early condition of the place are lost in the obscurity which 
envelopes many similar small hamlets in the parish of Aldbrough, as well as throughout 
the seigniory. 

9 E. I.— Kirby's Inquest returns Wm. de Withyk as holding here and in Catwick 10 carucates. 

16 E. I. — Roger, son of Nicholas de Lelley, grants to Mabel, his sister and heirs, &c. the west moiety of an 
oxgang in the territory of Carlton, that Humphrey Butler held, with the south moiety of the toft Humphrey 
also held. Tested by William de Stuteville, Amandus de Fitling, Andrew de Grimston, and others." 

The family of Carlton, according to the custom of ancient times, took their surname 
from the place of their residence. Sir John Carlton, kt. occurs in an attestation of a 

» F. 68, B. C. Lib. " It was given to St. Thomas's by Charter of Edw. VI. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 25 

grant of lands from John dc Fauconberg to Francis his brother. Symon Wytick also 
attests, 34 E. I. It has been already stated that, in an inquisition post mortem, John de 
Carlton held the advowson of the Holy Trinity, in Aldburg. 

The jurors on that inquest also say, that he held in capite, the Jay in whicli he died, by military service, of 
John de Ruda, 4 bovates, with their appurtenances, in the vill. of Carlton in Holderness, in demesne; and 
each bovate of land, with their appurtenances per annum, in all issues, was worth lOsh. as &c. that the same 
John held, the day in which he died, by military service, of Walter Wytik, a certain messuage and 4 bovates 
of land, with their appurtenances, in the same vill. of Carlton ; the messuage worth per annum, in all issues, 
5s. and each bovate of land, with their appurtenances, worth per annum, in all issues, 10s. They say also 
that the said John held in capite, the day in which he died, of Wm. de Withernwick, 4 bovates of land in the 
same vill. of Carlton, by free service, sixpence per ann. for all services, S;c.' 

18 R. II. 1394. — The abbat and convent of St. Martin's, Albemarle, gave to the abbey and convent of 
Kirkstall what possessions they had, inter alia, in Carlton. 36 H. VIII. — Sir John Mellon, kt. held the 
manor of Carllon of the king, as of his manor of South Burton, by military service. 26 Eliz. — Richard 
Michaelburne held this manor. Richard, his son and heir, being 37 years. 42 Eliz. — John Lord Darcie'' held 
this manor of the king, by what service the jury say " ignoramus." In the same reign, Thomas Michaelbourne 
held a moiety of this manor, of Lord Dacre, in soccage.^ 

In the Hildyard MS. it is stated, that Thomas Michaelbourne, of Carlton, gent, was 
b&rn at Winchester, and was the son of a counsellor there ; bears or, a cross inter four 
eagles displayed, sable ; in the centre of the cross a small argent for a third brother ; 
re-married Dorothy Shewswcll, of ditto, in Sussex, who bears or, on a bend, sable, three 
horse shoes, argent, nails sable ; said to be farrier to William the Conqueror.'' 

The old hall at Carlton, which was occupied at the period as a farm-house, fell about 
eighty years since. The estate upon which this ancient building stood is the property of 
Mr. Bethell, of Rise, in the possession of whose family it has been many years. He is 
also lord of the manor. It is in the occupancy of Mr. Stephenson ; the old well of the 
hall is still to be seen in this gentleman's stack-yard, and there are some strong foundations 
yet visible of the former building. There is another farm, belonging to Henry Sykes 
Thornton, Esq." Carlton and Fosham contain by estimation 11 80 acres. Sir T. A. Clifford 
Constable is the owner of about 107 acres of water meadow in the two places. Each 
township pays its constable tax separately, and maintains its own highways, but pays poor 
and church rates to Aldbrough ; together they form one township. 

^ Tur. Lon. asserv. *' For the family of Hilton, Darcy, &c. see Swine. "^ These extracts are from 

a M. S. volume in Burton Constable library, marked F. 68, and will be often referred to in this division of the 
work, it being also entitled the Middle Bailiwick ; the reference for brevity in future will be Mid. Bail. 

^ Olim penes Mr. Beckwith, of York : this MS. is often referred to in these pages. 

' Nephew to the late Daniel Sykes, M, P. of Raywell, Esq. In Dr. Burton's East-Riding Pedigrees is a 
short sketch of the descent of Thorntons of East Newton, but it is not supported by evidences to allow of its 
being inserted in Holderness. 



26 ALDBROUGH. 

FOSHAM, (Sax.) the moated house; returned in the Survey as another soke, of 
three carucates, in the manor of Aldbrough. 

50 H. III. — John de Hawtain, Lord of Foshara and West Newton, came in with the Conqueror." Kirby's 
Inquest returns Robt. de Eoos as holding lands here. 18 Richd. II. A charter of confirmation to Kirkstall, 
ratifies to them their lands in Fosliam. A family of the name of Disney seem to have settled here as early as the reign 
of H. V. John Disney, of Fosham, grants to John Headon, of Marton, Walter de Fly nton, and Wm. de Newton, 
chaplain, 2 bovates of land, &lc.'' In 8 H. V. John Disney is one of the 21 esquires who testified that Eliztb. 
wife of John ?Iolmes, was lawful heir to Sir Edmund Wastneys, knt. John Disney also attests a grant 28 June, 
1431, of lands from W. Hilton, clerk, with divers remainders to Sir Godfrey Hilton, knt. and Wm. Baron 
Hilton. The arms of Disney — a bend charged with 3 fleur de lis.' 

Temp. Elizth. — Robert Thorpe held a wood and divers other lands in Fosham, of Wm. Cecil, Esq. as of the 
manor of Roos. Eliz. Lady of Roos, held the manor of Roos, wilh appurtenances, inter alia, Fosham, by what 
services ignota* Thomas Elrington held the manor in the reign of Elizth-^ 

Fosham now contains three farm houses. Two of these, with the land, about 252 
acres, named Fosham Garth and Blackbush, are the property of Messrs. John and Joseph 
Fox, brothers, who inherit both from their father. Blackbush was purchased by him of 
Sir Mark Sykes, of Sledmere and Roos. Fosham was bequeathed to him by a great 
maternal uncle, of the name of Bean, of Aldbrough ; he having purchased it of a George 
Wright, in 1754. Fosham Garth farm-house stands on an elevated piece of ground, 
which seems to have been defended by a moat. In the year 1803, on levelling the 
ground a mill stone was discovered, which was found, placed upon a second, under which 
was an oaken cask hooped with hazel bands ; in the upper part of this cask was a collection 
of fine mould, and under it a perfectly white substance, resembling flour, without taste or 
smell ; another smaller cask was found near it, filled with earth only ; a gold coin of 
"William III. was found at the same time. There is an artificial mound which has been the 
site of a mill, and still gives the name to several closes, called Mill Fields. It is evident 
a village once existed here. Mr. Wilkinson of Hull is the owner of the remaining farm 
&c. about 277 acres. The Messrs. Fox appoint a gamekeeper. Fosham Garth yet pays 
6d. per annum to the court held at Roos, called the Lord's Fee. 

WEST NEWTON is one of the Berewicks belonging to St. John de Beverley. 

Mith Hvndret. In Neuutone 3 carucates of land to be taxed, land to two ploughs, there are 20 acres of 
meadow. 

The first transaction after the survey is in the reign of H. II. in confirmation of a grant 
to the abbey of Thornton, by Richd. I. (ita legitur) of the gift of Wm. Botiler (Pincerna,) 
of half of his tenure here. 

10 H. II. Walter de Tanet releases to Adam de Melsa, half a carucate here given to the same. 35 H. II. 
Sir Robert Constable gives to Walter Tanet 2 bovates of land in Newton, which Hugh Crust held. Circa 

■' Ridley, Cart. 151. 38. Ridley, who is so often referred to, was Feodary of the East-Riding. 

>• Penes Lord Dunbar. ' Grants. Ibid. * Ridley 4. 1L)86. ' Evidences, penes Mess. Jno & Jos. Fox. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 27 

Richd. I. Adam de Melsa releases to Fulco de Oyry all his right in half a carucate of land in West Newton. 
6 R. I. Adam de Melsa, for 15 marks, quit claims to Fulco de Oyry his right to half a carucate of land in 
Newton Constable, at the rent of a pound of cummin yearly, doing foreign service as much as belongs to 
half a carucate where eight carucates make a knt.'s fee. Tested by Walter de Fauconberg, Adam de Thorn, 
yaiero de Sutton." 1206. — Maud, the relict of Wm. Hautain, demised to Robert Constable lands in Newton 
Constable for eight years, to begin at the feast of Easter next, after King John returns out of Poictou in 
France, after he had taken St. Albans, which he did in July or Aug. 1206.'' Temp. Jno. — Fulco de Oyry 
gives to Robert Constable, in free marriage with Ela his daughter, half a carucate in Newton, in special tail.': 
Thomas Alost releases to Robert, son of Wqi. Constable, for 25 marks, all his right in three carucates of 
land in Newton, near Burton. H. III. — Simon Constable, by inquest, held of the king in capite 14 oxg. of 
land, with wood and cottages here. Galfrid Berkeland held here, of the king in capite, 12 oxgangs of land 
and three acres, by knt. service. Thomas de Neuton held, of the king in capite, 4 oxgangs of land in Dominic 
in Neuton, with three tofts, by knt. service.'' Circa H. III. — John, son of Wm. flawtain, lord of West 
Newton, gave it to his son Robert, and it is called Constable Newton. Walter de Percy de Rugemont gave to 
Hervey, sou of Basing, two carucates of land in Neuton, he paying out of them, to the Abbey of Whitby, 
£ 1 . 6s. 8d. per annum. Wm. earl of Alb. gave a mark per ann. issuing out of his lands here." Circa, 1 2 E. I. 
—Robert Hautayn sold to Simon Constable his capital mess, in Constable Newton, and 1 toft and croft. 
Aveline de Fortibus, late Countess of Albemarle, held of the archbp. of York two knights' fees, whereof one 
fee, inter alia, is enumerated Neuton Constable. — See Kirby's Inq. p. 42. 22 E. I. — Simon le Constable held 

2 cott. and 1 bovate of land, in Neuton Constable, of Wm. Hautayn, per service of 4 pence ob. 30 E. I. 

Robert de Boothby gave Thomas de Gloster, and Johann his wife, daughter of Robert, and John his son, 1 
mess, and 2 tofts, and 1 plot of land, called Miln Dam, and 3 bovates of land in Constable Neuton. 7 E. II. 
— Catharine, relict of Simon le Constable, releases all his right in Neuton to Rob. son of Simon.' Wm. son 
of Robert le Constable, of Holderness, knt. confirms to John de Gloster, and Avice his wife, a messuage and 

3 bovates of land in Neuton Constable. Tested by Sir Constable, Sir Wm. de la Twyer, Walter de Hatfield 
Simon de Sproatley, Ralph de Gloster; dated at Neuton Constable, 2 E. III. 1328. Ralph de Gloster, 2 
E. III. grants to John, his son and heir, and Christiana, daughter of Robert de Cotum, dwelling at Mappleton, 

his manor in Constable Newton, with its appurtenances, to hold in special tail, &c. 32 E. HI. Peter son of 

Wm. de Frothingham, impleads Robert, son of Simon le Constable, knt. of lands and tenements there (sed 
relaxat). 33 E. III. — Robert de Gloster gives and confirms to John de Veer, and Alice his wife, and William 
their son, a toft and croft, and oxgang of land, with its appurtenances in Neuton, near Burton Constable viz. 
the toft and croft Alice, daughter of GeoflTery, held (anno mortalibus) 23 E. III. and the o.\gang which John 
de Gloster held of Christiana, mother of the said Robert. Tested by John le Constable, of Halsham, John 
de Gloster, John de Goushill, and others ; dated at Neuton. 45 E. III.— Sir Robert Constable gives an 
annual rental of his lands in Newton.e 8 R. II.— John Constable, of Halsham, Esq. grants to John Collier, 
parson of Ryse, John Scures, chaplain, and John Thorn, in fee, all his lands in Newton, which trustees shall, 
within forty days, re-deliver to Sir John Constable, and Matilda his wife, and heirs of the said John for ever ; 
Albreda, mother of said John Constable, confirms." 18 H. VI. — John Ellerker, of Risby, Esq. gave to Sir 
John Constable, of Halsham, knt. in exchange, I toft, 1 croft, and 4 oxgs. of land, in Neuton Constable, and 
other tenements elsewhere, for lands and tenements in Paul Holme. 34 H. VHI. John Constable, knt. held 
16 carucates of land in Neuton Constable and elsewhere, John being son and heir. Temp. Elizabeth. John 

" R. Q. p. 149. " Smailes" Chron. Cart. 142, 32, 41. -^ Vide B. C. Pedigree. i Escheats, p. 3 and 4. 
« Burt. Mon. ' Mid Bail, e Cart. 211, 1, 15. » Mid. Bail, where many of the foregoing will also be found. 



28 ALDBROUGH. 

Constable held the manor of Neuton Constable. The manor of Newton Constable is still in possession of the 
lord of the seigniory, Su- T. A. Clifford Constable, bart. 

There are few remains of ancient superstitions to be found in the present day in 
Holderness ; a singular practice, however, prevails in some houses, of eating grey peas 
which have been steeped in icater and fried, with various savory additions, on Midlent 
Sunday, formerly called Carle, and now Carlin Sunday. No reason is given, and perhaps 
none is known, why this custom is observed. It appears to be the remnant of a heathen 
superstition, which enjoined the giving away of beans (fabae) at funerals ; because beans 
were supposed to belong to the dead, and were used in sacrifices to the departed, owing 
to the mysterious properties ascribed to them. Carlin is derived from the German Karr, 
signifying a satisfaction made for punishment, or an atonement, and in the same lan- 
guage Karr Fryetag is Good Friday ; and in the Roman calendar part of the ceremony 
for that day is the distribution of pulses. In Holderness, and some other parts of 
England, peas have been substituted for beans, as more fit to be eaten at that season of 
the year. This is another instance of the new converts of Christianity being allowed to 
retain their ancient usages, it being considered inexpedient to assail ancient prejudices 
whilst a sufiicient memorial of the truth remained to be figured by them. The real 
satisfaction for sin made at this time by the Saviour was considered to be figured by this 
antient superstition. Mr. Vernon Harcourt, in his elaborate work on the deluge, 
observes, that "one of the reasons given by Pliny for the prohibition of beans by 
Pythagoras is, that the souls of the dead were in them, and only one explanation of this 
opinion can be given. The bean pod is shaped like the Egyptian bari, and consequently 
like the boat in which the souls of the dead were ferried across Styx by Charon, for that 
story belongs to Egypt." It seems to have been a usual custom in Holderness for the 
superior yeomanry to bequeath pulse, beans, peas and rye, to their poor neighbours when 
disposing of their worldly eff'ects, which custom may have had its origin in some old 
deep-seated religious superstition. In a number of wills and deeds, belonging to a family 
of some antiquity in this place, the bequest continually occurs. 

10th July, 15G5.— Wm. Raynes, of West Newton, yeoman, gives to evry poore house in Newton, that haith 
no come, one pecke of peas. 1st May, 1583.— Lawrence Eaynes, of West Neuton, yeoman, gives to each 
poore house in Neuton, that haith no corne a growinge, a pek of pees and rye. 8th Jan. 1588.— Robert Raines, 
of West Neuton, yeoman, gives to poore folks of Aldburgh towne vi=- viiii'i to be distrybuted at the discretion 
of the collectors there, and to poore folks of this towne, on quarter of pease and barleye. 
The following curious letter is also preserved among their evidences : — 

Loving Cosen.— My duty and service reraemb'd to yo' & y'r wyfe earnestely desirynge to heare y"t your 
reum and Weaknes is beter this could wether and hed not the L'd visitted o'r yo'ngster with a sodain sicknesse 
my wyfe or me had come ov'r for to see yo' before now soe yo' doe not here all the crosses yourselif and the 
L'd giff us both trew Xtian pacience w'ch i much neede and desier i did not part with yo' wheate att the 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 29 

markett as none wuld gifl'iv nobles a qu'tr and scars anye xxs. x'cept heurie Mapletou ye major though the 
dearth is liklie to continew and ther is great talk of the comming tro'bles soe that we are like to be in desperat 
case and yo' are not liklie to sell a gane for iv markes in yo' tyme my meessingar bereth for yo' halfe pint of 
anesed water for ye cawdel and the hearbel which yo' desir and soe comending yo. to the trew phisic'n Xt jesus 
i rest w'th my commendac's to yo' wyfe. Your trew & hartie friend & cosen till de' 

From Marten this day of Octo'r 1587. Thom. heddon. 

Indorsed " to my worthy ffrend & cos'n John Raynes att W. Newton giv theise."" 

In 1586, wheat was 8s. per quarter ; beef and mutton 6(1. per stone ; but according to 
this letter the price was high, there was a dearth and coming troubles, which grieved the 
heart of this stout old yeoman. There is in the present day little to notice in this town- 
ship ; it is divided into five farms, with six farm houses, and about fourteen cottages ; it 
is estimated at about 776 acres ; it pays the church rates to Aldbrough, and is immediately 
contiguous to Burton Constable. 

TANSTERN is returned in Domesday as being iu the soke of Kilnsea, measuring 
one carucate. 

In the Rotuli de Oblatis et Finibus Thomas de Tanstern gives 40 marks to have seizin of his land, of which 
he was disseized because that he was convicted of taking a false oath, A. D. 120-1.'' 9 E. I. Simon le Constable 
held lands here according to Kirby's Inquest. 5 E. II. Sir — le Constable had custody of the heirs of John 
Routh, of free tenements here, Etherdvvick and Outswick ; and Vesturam hladorum in the manor of Tanstern, 
increasing by concession of Thomas Euparia, knt. and Johan his wife, late wife of the said Sir John Eouth."^ 
19 E. 11. Amandus, son of Sir John de Ruda, lets to farm to Sir John Sutton, knt. his whole manor of Tanstern, 
with Coniger in Carlton, from St. Michael, 1325, for C years, at the rent of £10 per annum ; tested by Sir Wm. 
de la Twyer, knt. Robert de Hilton, knt. D. at Tanstern, 19 E. II. Vigil St. Margaret.'' After the death of 
John le Constable it was found he held 2 carucates of land here." 26 Eliz. William Michaelburne held the 
manor of Tanstern. Thomas ]\lichaelburne held half the manor of Tanstern, as of the manor of Burton Con- 
stable. By an inquest at Weighton, 21 April, 13 Car. I. after the death of Thomas Michaelbourne, it appears 
he held Tanstern Grange in Capite, per knt. service, of the Earl of Exeter, as of the manor of Ross. 

Tanstern has been moated at some early period ; it now consists of two houses and 
farms, belonging to Mr. Bethell. It is estimated at 363 acres, pays its constable's tax 
separately, and maintains its own highways, but is chargeable for its poor and church 
rates to Aldbrough. 

ETHERDWICK is another small hamlet in the parish of Aldbrough. 
9 E. I. Simon le Constable held here, according to Kirby's Inquest. 5 E. 11. Robert le Constable had the 
custody of the heirs of Sir John de Roulh, former wife of John, and Ann, now wife of Thomas de Ruparia, 
who, by his writing had lands here. 23 E. III. Inquest after the death of John le Constable, it was found he 
held 2 carucates of land in Etherdwick. 10 Octr. 18 Richd. II. lands of St. Martins here, given to the convent 
of Kirkstall. 23 E. III. the family of Etherdwick held here I mess. 1 toft and 1 bov. and a half, and an annual 

» Penes the Rev. F. R. Raines, of Milnrovv parsonage, Rochdale, to whom the author is much indebted for 
many valuable communications. '' p. 198. '^ Cart. 194. 44. 

•" Dodsworth MS. vol. 7, p. 242. ' Ridley, 1, 107. 



30 ALDBROUGH. 

rent of I8d. At the inquest, Richard, son of Stephen de Etherdwick, held 3 bovates as of the hon. of Alb. 
19 E. IV. Thomas Gower grants and confirms to William Garton, of Garton, Esq. all his lands, tenements, 
meadows, and pastures in this place, which he lately held of the grant of the said William, to hold for his life; 
tested by Robert Dombler, vicar of Garton, and dated at Garton, 17 Sep. 2G Eliz. Richard Michaelburne held 
a tenement here. 42 Ehz. Wm. Green, clerk of Burton Agnes, held the manor," a capital mess, or tenement of 
Etherdwick, and two other messuages, 1 cot. 10 bovates and a half, 1 bovate of arable here, and a certain 
parcel called Balks, and 1 windmill, of the queen, as of the manor of East Greenwich in soccage. Thomas 
Green, of Cauthorne, his brother, is returned as heir. Thomas Michaelburne held certain lands here, as of the 
manor of Burton Constable, in soccage.'' 

GREEN, OF CAWTHORNE AND ETHERDWICK. 

Simon Greenb, of Cawthorne, in the West Riding.^ 



Roger Green, of Cawthorne, gent —Anne, daughter ( 



William Green, vicar of Burton .\gnes, t 
lands and tenements at Elherdwiclte ; 
B. p. 42 Elizabeth. 



Edward. George. James Greene, 



;ir of Wm. Skyncliffe, of Eccles- 
fleld, from whom descended the Greens of 
Thundercliffe. 



Mark Greene, of Etherdwick, gent. bur. at Aldbro', 9th Aug. lC72,=Susannah, 
aged «6 years. I mar. 31st 



, iVIargaret Mary Greene, Lap. 23rd July, 1640. John, bap. 31th May, 1643. William, bap. 29th Oct. 1646. 

In the endowment of Giggleswick school, already referred to, is, among the particulars 
of lands, an item of " also all those our tythes of sheaves (corn and straw), with the 
appurtenances yearly and every year coming, growing, or renewing in Etherdwicke, &c. 
to the said chantry belonging, &c." (see p. 415.) The tithe of hay of this place, and the 
corn tithe here enumerated, belongs to Mr. Bethell. 

This place is considered to be more ancient as an enclosure than even Aldborough 
itself. It merely consists of two farm houses ; one in the occupancy of Mr. Adams, the 

property of Raikes, Esq. of Welton, near Hull, late belonging to Wm. Wilberforce, 

Esq. ; and another occupied by Mrs. Stephenson, the property of Mr. Graeme, of Sewerby. 

Owsthill House, distant from the other two farms about half a mile, is situated on 
rising ground, which commands a very extensive prospect except towards the east, where 
the view of the sea is interrupted by an old wood, called the Bail Wood, situated in the 
parish of Garton ; it is the property of Henry Broadley, Esq. M.P. occupied by Mr. 
Wilson, of Etherdwick ; and consists by estimation of about 583 acres. It pays its 
constable tax separately, and maintains its own highways, but pays poor and church rates 
to Aldborough. 

" A manor sometimes meant nothing more than a large estate. '' Mid, Bail. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 31 

THORPE. — At the time of the Conqueror's survey, Thorpe was called Totele, and 
was a soke belonging to the manor of Aldbrough, consisting of five carucates, and six 
oxgangs of arable land ; Thorpe is equivalent to hamlet or village. Thorpe occurs forty- 
four times in the Domesday survey of the county of York, it is written Torp, and in the 
survey always stands alone. 

In the year 1184, 30 H. II. William de MandeviUe. Earl of Albemarle, gave a carucate of land in Thorpe, 
for the term of his own life, to Wm, de Caux, in consideration ot his being the Earl's falconer." This grant 
was subsequently confirmed by Wm. de Fortibus, 1 R. I. and by Ilawise, his countess, 6 R. I. 1250, John de 
Beverley was Lord of Aldburgh and Thorp, and left issue, a son, Reginald, and a daughter, Agnes, who was 
the heir of her brother.'' 1281, 9 E. I. Robert de Ross held in Thorpe and in Aldbrough, and in eight other 
townships, 46 carucates and a half of land, where 48 carucates make a knight's fee, 1284, 12 E. I. William de 
Sunderland wick gave in free marriage, to John, his eldest son, and to Johan his wife, the daughter of Andrew 
de GrimstoD, the manor of Thorpe, and all his other tenements which he had in Thorpe and in Aldburgh, 
which he inherited of Agnes de Kelk, saving the right of Thomas de Grim?ton, Archdeacon of Cleveland, for 
a term of 16 years, '^ 

1315, 9 E. II. the sheriff, in obedience to the King's writ, returns Wm. de Ross, of Helmsley, and John de 
Ross, of Gedney, Lords of Aldbrough and Us members. This authority will, at first sight, appear incongruous 
with the account given, but the difficulties are removed if one of the parties be considered as the mesne Lords, 
and holding the manor of Thorp of the family of Ross. It has been remarked, that in 1332, 6 E. III. James, 
son of Robert de Ross, held a grant of a fair and market at his manor of Aldbrough ; it may be presumed, there- 
fore, that Thorpe Garth was then in the same family. From this period to the reign of Elizabeth, there is no 
certain account of the owners of this lordship. 

1396, 20 R. II. Sir Ralph Hastings, knt. held in fee by homage, a carucate of land in Aldburgh and Thorp, 
which the abbat and convent of Meaux granted to John, son of Robert de Meaux and his heirs, in exchange 
for lands in Myton and pasture in Sutton. 1559, by an inquisition, taken on the death of Robert Thorpe, 2 
Ehz. it appears that he held a messuage and an oxgang of land in Aldbrough, of the Queen, as of her manor 
of Thorp Garth. 1614, 1 Feby. Wm. Toury, of Dunnington, near York, gent, by will bearing this date, 
devises to Francis Toury, his son, and to his lawful issue, the manor of Thorp Garth, with all his lands &c. in 
Thorpe, Oustwick, and Aldbrough. The said Francis Toury, by will dated 1624, devises to his brother, Geo. 
Toury, and his heirs for ever, the manor of Thorpe Garth, with all his other lands in Oustwick and Aldbro'. 

A descendant of this family will be seen to have been a considerable benefactor to the 
township of Aldbrough ; a short account of the family has been given in p. 371. Thorpe 
Garth is now reduced to a single farm house, and about 148 acres of land. It passed by 
purchase from a Mrs. Mayklay or Macklin, to Mr. Harrison, of Benningholme, who is 
the present owner, it is situated half a mile east of Aldbrough church. 

EAST NEWTON, or Ringhorous;h Newton, West Newton, or Constable Newton, 
alias Newton Constable. — These places are recorded in Domesday as in the manor of 
Aldbrough, and are no doubt so named from their relative position to it as New towns. 

Circa 15 H. III. Wra. Passmer gave to Meaux Abbey, 2 closes here, which the convent afterwards gave to 
Adm. Stuteville. 19 H. III. Thomas de Newton gave to the same abbey, 2 closes here.'' 19 H. 1 II. the heirs 

» Mid. Bail. i- Johnson's MSS. " Cart. 1. 15. 1. &c. M. B. ^ Meaux Chart. 



32 ALDBROUGH. 

of Thomas de Newton held in this place in demesne, half a carucate ; and in service, one carucate and a half, 
as of the fee of Albemarle. 9 E. I. Thomas de Newton held here 2 carucates, where 48 make a knt.'s fee." 15 
E. I. Thomas de Newton, of Aldburgh Newton, held 4 borates in demesne, and 12 bovates of land in 
service; Beatrix, the wife of Robert Darcy, of Willarby, being heir. 10 R. II. St. Martins, Alb. gave their 
lands here to Kirkstall. 29 E. III. Nicholas de Thornton held of the king, as of the honor of Albemarle, land 
in Ringborongh Newton, by suit at the wapentake court and castle ward yearly, 5s. 20 R. II. the heir of Wm. 
de Stuteville holds ia fee farm 2 closes here, formerly given by Meaux Abbey to him in exchange for certain 
rents in Routh. 5 E. 6. Wm. Skeffington held lands here, by military service. 26 Ehz. Richard Michael- 
bourne holds lands here. 29 Eliz. WilfriJus Bird held lands in East Newton, of the queen, as of late of the 
payment of the prior of Bridlington ; Thomas Michaelbourne held lands here as of the manor of Burton Con- 
stable, in soccage. 10 James, Sir William Gee held lands here. 3 Chas. John Gee, Esq. held in Newton.*" 

The manorial rights of the present day are vested in the several proprietors, viz :— G. 
Robinson, Esq. of Carnaby, for 142 acres occupied by J. Cooper ; — Coverly, Esq. of 
Burlington, for 110 acres, occupied by — Bainbridge ; Colonel Grimston, 68 acres, occupied 
by E. Moor ; Mr. Jackson, owner of 87 acres, and occupier of 22 acres, belonging to the 
vicar of Tunstall and Drypool ; the vicar of Aldbrough 76 acres, occupied by T. San- 
derson, making 505 as the extent of the lordship, according to the book of rates."" 

RINGBOROUGH. — In Domesday this place was considered jointly with Garton as 
a soke of Esington. One carucate is also returned as a soke to Aldbrough, and one 
carucate as a soke to Kilnsea ; the first mention of it after the survey is 

By an inquisition, after the death of John Ros de Rynburgh, he is found to have held I cap. brick mess. 
(Ruda) a wind mill, 18 tofts, 17 bovates of land. Sec. in this place, as of the hon. of Alb. by the service of ward 
to the castle of Skypsea."" 38 E. III. Richard de Roos, of Ringburgh, and Matilda, his wife, let to farm to 
Nicholas, the carpenter, of Aldbrough, and Margaret, his wife, for life, that messuage which Wm. Fitling held 
of them at the rent of 8s. yearly, dated at Ringbro', on Tuesday, next after the feast of St. Botolph, 1304.° 9 
H. V. Sir Robert Roos de Gedney, kt. Richard Welby de Multon, John Lyney, and John Waschyntoii de Boston, 
by indenture trypartite, grant and confirm to Philip de Tylney, Esq. their manor of Ringburgh, and a mess, 
and 9 oxgangs of land, and 66 shillings rental, in Killingholme and Alesby, in Lincolnshire, premises which 
they had with Sir Jno. Washington, late rector of toft, deceased, of the gift and feofment of John Holmeton of 
Darlynges, to hold to the said Philip and his heirs, lawfully begotten, of the chief lord of the fee, with remain- 
der to Richard Tylney, bro. of Philip, and in default to another bro. and in default, &c. of Wm.'s issue lawfully 
&c. to remain to Dame Margery, wife of Sir John Carbonell, knt. late wife of Sir John Copuldyke, knt. and her 
lawful issue, and in default to the right heir of Dame Grace, late wife of Sir Philip Tilney, of Boston, knt, and 
her heirs for ever; tested by Sir Robert Hilton, knt. Rob. ITaytefeld, Esq. Thomas Grymston, Esq. of the 
county of York, Wm. Ilylton, Esq. John Talboys, de Com. Line- D. at Ringbro', 1 Jan. 9 H. V.^ William 
Skevington, of Fisbwick Cora. Stafford, held the manor of Ringburgh, with its appurts. in Newton, Grimston, 
Garton, Aldbro', of the king, as of his manor of Burstwyk, per military service.^ 2 Ph. & Mary, John Skev- 
ington had livery of this manor, held of the crown as of the manor of Burstwyk. 13 Eliz. Sir Rich de Roos 

» Kirby Inq. " Ridley, 4, 13, 114, G. " The present account of the lordship, and of some other 

townships, is communicated by Mr. Samuel Stephenson, of Carlton. '' Inq. p. m. 40. vol. 2. 

' Penes Mr. Tunstall, ' B. C. Lib. ^ 5 E. VI. Ridley, 4. 48. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 33 

de Ryngburg. granted to Thomas, son of Robert de Ryngburg, aud Ann, his wife, for their hves, or longest 
liver, the mess, with a croft and its appurts. which Matilda, mother of the same Thomas, held of the said Rich, 
in Ryngtou, to hold by the rent of 80s. half yearly, at Martin and Pentecost, and doing suit of court at 
Ringburgh ; tested by Alex. Grimston. Wm. Atte, Est. Hall, of Aldbro', Thomas de Killing. Dated at 
Uiugbro', 13 Apl." In the same reign, Elizabeth, lady of Roos, held Ringbro' per service ignota.i> 26 Eliz. 
Rd. Michaelbourne held here, and Rich, his son and heir, aged 37. Thomas Michaelbourne held certain lands 
in Ringhourne Garth, of Ughtred, knt. p' fee inilit.': 

This manor was purchased by the great-grandfather of the present Col. Grimston, of 
Grimston Garth, to whom it descended, and who is the lord and sole proprietor ; it is now 
reduced to a single farm house and farm. It extends some considerable distance along 
the sea shore, and its relative position to Aldbrough, with that of all the preceding town- 
ships, is marked on the map. 



" Seal lost, indenture well preserved, penes Mr. Tunstall. ^ Ridley, J. 108. d. c Ridley, 4, 75. b. 



BURTON PIDSEA. 




HERE are four places in Domesday comprehended under the 
common name of Burton, in after ages distinguished by the 
names of Burton Pidsea, Burton Constable, Brandsburton and 
Hornsea Burton. This place is the soke named in the record 
as in the manor of Witforness (Withornsea), containing seven 
carucates of arable land. Its second name of Pidsea, Pudsea, 
Pitsey, with several other ways of writing it, is said to be 
derived from de Puteace, (Hugh de Pusac, alias Pudsey,) trea- 
surer of the cathedral church of York, who was the sub lord of 
tlie manor, although there does not appear to be any documentary evidence to prove the 
latter. In some old deeds it is called Burton by th' Sea. This is one of those manors 
which has remained, as part of the original fee of Drogo, in possession of the succeeding 
lords of the seigniory unto the present day. Little can be expected to be found relating 
to the private intercourse between man and man, where such transactions received no 
public recognition. A few incidents transpire during the several times the seigniory was 
vested in the crown. 

Temp. Step.— Wm. le Gross gave to the abbey of St. Martin's Alb. the church of Burtona Gemelli.^ 16 
E. II. — Nicholas Ward held here 1 mess. 4 borates and a half of land, of the king as of the hon. of Alb. by 
the fealty and service of ISs. 4d. in lieu of all services. 12 E. III.— The interchanges of the property of the 
seigniory between Wm. de la Pole and E. III. have already been alluded to. In 12 of that king's reign, there 
is a grant from him to De la Pole : Maneriam Villam de Pidse Burton membrum manerii de Burstwick and 
20 bovates terrce vocat Eigemond memb & de pertin's manerii de Burstwick.'' 17 E. III. — From an escheat, 
dated 17 E. III. it appears that Wm. de Roos de Ilamlake held various free rents in Pidsey Burton. 17 E. III. 
Henry de Burton held, of the king in capite as of the hon. of Alb. 4 mess. 4 oxgs. and a half of land, with 
their appurtenances, by fealty and service, 13s. 4d. for all services.' 17 E. III.— Wm. English, the king's 
escheator in Holderness, is commanded to give to Matilda, who was wife of Henry de Burton, deceased, the 
mother of Alice and Beatrice as next heirs, their inheritance of 4 mess, and 4 bovates and a half of land, 
with their appurtenances here, which was held of the king by fealty and service of 30s. 4d. per annum, 
to hold freely as the custom is of heirs, saving, &C.'' 23 E. III.— Beatrice, one of the daughters of the above 
Henry de Burton, by inquest, is found to have held the lands there mentioned ; and, by a writ issued in the 
same year, it appears that Matilda, who was wife of Henry Burton, and mother of this Beatrice, was also a 
daughter of Henry Ward, a descendant of Nicholas mentioned above.*" 23 E. HI.— Alicia Musket held, the 
day in which she died, a mess, with 2 bovates of land, with their appurtenances, of the king in capite as of 



Mid. Bail. 



Ridley, 81-2-3. 



Rot. Orig. p. 161. 



'Inq. P. M. 17 E. III. on 13 Kal. 

Rot.Abb. Orig. p. 201. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



1367220 



35 



the hon. of Alb. by the service of making summonses and attachments to the court of the king in Barrow, 
in the county of Lincoln.^ This condition was probably attached to this holding for the purpose of summoning 
defaulters to the Barrow court, who held lands in Holderness as well as in Barrow, and who probably resided in 
the former. An instance may be referred to in page 193, where John de Monceaux petitions to be relieved 
from this duty of doing suit and service at Barrow every three weeks, when the same was regularly performed 
at the king's court at Hedon. 16 R. II. 1389. — John de Burton appears as a trustee of lands in this place, 
to the use of the master and brethren of the hospital of St. Mary Magdalene, of Newton. He was a man of 
considerable importance, and high in favour with the church. He was, moreover, in confidence of the mayor 
and corporation of Hedon, 12 11. II. whose possessions at that time were considerable ; and again, in 1393, the 
vicars of the collegiate church of St. John de Beverley found him their friend. 5 E. VI. — Edward Westropp 
held here a close, called Coney Garth, and a messuage and ten oxgs. of land, of the king by knt. service, as 
of the manor of Burstwick. 30 H. VI. — The Thraves delivered to the provost appear in this reign to be the 
same as p. 28, namely, 20 quarters oats.ii 6 Eliz. — Richard Michaelbourne held here, and Thomas subse- 
quently held lands here also, as of the manor of Burstwick in Com. soccage. 

The township was enclosed by act of parliament, in the year 17C0 ; before the enclosure it consisted of 64 
oxgangs, 11 copyhold, 19 freehold, 4 glebe. An oxgang contained upon an average about 12 acres in the 
Ing Carr, and four beast gates {computed at 3 acres) in the Deep Carr. The copyhold rental to the lord for 
an oxgang is 14s. 8d. viz. 4d. an acre for the arable land, twentypence an acre for the Ing Carr, and 5d. agate 
for the Deep Carr. The homesteads are distinguished by messuages and cottages. A messuage consists of a 
house with a garden, containing by estimation an acre, and pays 20d. copyhold rent to the lord. A cottage 
with a garth, containing by estimation half an acre, pays lOd. copyhold rent. The ancient enclosure pays 20d. 
an acre copyhold rent. The ofRce of pennygrave is executed by the oxgangs in the following order, as settled 
at Michaelmas, 1762, after the inclosure. 



GRAVE ROLL. 



Wm. Mair, 5 oxgs. begins Michaelmas 
1762 ; continues from thence for five 
years together 

Matthew Richardson 

Mr. Pierson 

Mr. Lyon J, together with Mr. Pier- 
son's i 

Mr. Brownsmith's 

Mr. Richardson 

Anne Cooke J, Robt. Milner |, John 
Couts I, and Wm. Christy J 

Benj. Waudby J, R. Wallis, sen. |, 
Ann Michinson ^, R. Wallis, jun. J 

Wm. Mitchinson 

Mr. Wallis Johnson ... 

Mr. Howard 

Leonard Salmon 



5 . 


.. 5 


2f '.' 


■.". 2 




.. 1 
.. 2 
.. 1 



2i .' 


.. 1 

.. 2 


2 . 


.. 2 


31 . 


.. 3 


H • 


.. 1 



Wm. Mitchinson i, Mr. Howard i |, 
Benj. Giles f, Leonard Salmon i ... 

Mr. Clapham 

Nich. Turner 

Mr. Clapham J, Nich. Turner J 

Mich. Suddaby J, Mr. Clapham i, Mr. 
Farrah i ... 

Mr. Yonge 

Mr. Farrah 

Robt. Michinson 2f 

Robt. Michinson |, David Tavender i 

Mr. Bell i, John Tavender J, William 
Milner i 

Thomas Salmond 

Marmdk. Canham f , Thos. Salmond J 

Mrs. Mottram 



1 . 

2f . 


.. 2 


li . 
1 . 


.. 1 
.. 1 


1 . 

2 ., 


.. 1 


3 ., 


.. 3 


1 ., 


.. 2 



Harl. MS. No. 708, fo. 263. 



BURTON PIDSEA. 



COPYHOLD RENTAL, i; 





£. 


8. 


d. 




Marraaduke Canham 





10 


9 


Wm. Mair 


Eobert Michinson 


2 


10 


2 


Mr. Philip Younge 


Mr. Burton, a free rent 





2 


G 


Mr. Wm. Bell 


Mr. Eobert Bell 





1 


8 


Mr. Brownsmith .., 


JohnColflelt 





1 


8 


Walles Johnson 


Mr. Farrab 


2 


8 


Hi 


Wm. Mitchinson 


Mr. Osbaldiston, a free rent... 





3 


4 


Nicholas Mitchinson... 


Nicholas Turner 


I 


2 





Mr. Geo. Chapman, jun... 


Averill Slide 





2 


6 


The heirs of John Turner 


Mrs. Mottram 


3 


9 


2i 


JohnTavender 


Ann Cook 





3 




James Ellet 


Matthew Richardson 





9 


5 


Eobert Christy 


John Richardson 





10 


'1 


John Loiighthorpe ... 


Mr. Lyon 





6 





Richard Coni-ston 


Eobert Wallis, sen 





3 


H 


Eobert Milner 


Eobert Wallis, jun 





1 


6 


John Coates 


John Wright 





3 


4 


Wm. Christy 


Benj.Waudby 





3 


6i 


Thomas Salmond 


Benjamin Giles 








H 


Eob. Blashall 


Thomas Dibney 





1 


3 


Wm. Milner 


Tiplady 








2 


Thomas Michinson ... 


James Eradshaw Pierson, Esq. ... 


2 


2 


10 


Leonard Salmon 


Henry Watson 








5 


David Tavender 


Mich. Suddaby 





14 


C 


Widow Julian 1^ 


Mr. Richard Howard 


5 


3 


H 


John Sunley 


Geo. Lee 








5 


Christopher Ford 



£. s. 


d. 


4 10 


6 


1 9 





14 


45 


2 5 





2 2 





16 


H 


16 


91 


2 16 


8f 





1 


5 


8 





1 





1 





1 





1 


7 


10 


3 


lOi 


2 


4 


1 3 


4 


1 4 





5 


4 


2 


2 


9 


^ 


8 


7 


3 


4 





3 





7 



The principal freeholders and proprietors, in 1662, were, Lord Dunbar £150, Sir Francis Butler, tenant to 
the impropriator, £100, Edward Buck £42, Nicholas Richardson £29, Thomas Richardson £20, Philip 
Chat £18, William Wadforth £12, Anthony Richardson £12 ; total, £383. 

^ general Survey of Fields, Pastures, and Out Meadows of the Lordship of Burton Pidsea, taken 
from the 1st ^pril to 1st May, 17GI, and enclosed 1762. 

Names of the open fields, pastures, &c. 



North Field ... 
Lamber Dyke ... 
South Field ... 
Greens 
Ing Carr 
Deep Carr 



The old iuclosure of B. P. consisted of 209a. Or. 27p. 



758 




34 


792 




608 2 25 




189 15 




235 2 




198 3 




2024 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



37 



Deau and chapter lands in B. P. 

To deduct for roads 

To new allotment in Ing Carr .., 
To „ „ in South Field 

To „ „ in North Field 



A. B. P. 


PER ACRE. 


£. s. d. 


2 8 


2s. 8d. 


3 111 


7S 1 23 


9s. Od. 


8 11 4 


62 3 7 


8s. Od. 


.. 28 8 61 


27 26 


5s. 8d. 


.. 10 10 10 



£47 



71 



£168 1 16 

There is an allotment of 1a. In. 17p. to the church, in the North Field; worth by the year 10s. lOld. 
(This field now lets for £4. per acre, a surprising instance of the increase in the value of land within 80 years.) 

The churchyard measures 2r. 20p. 

The parish clerk of B. P. receives Is. 9d. per oxgang per annum, which amounts to £5. 5s. 8d. each landed 
proprietor paying his proportion, according to the commissioners' allotment. 

The total amount of tlie various charges connected with the enclosure of B. P. there being considerable 
opposition in obtaining the act of parhament, was £1680. 10s. ll^d. Amongst the items occurs— " To 
Edw. Coates and John Vickerman, for lend of their boats, 6s." The Carrs, now fine land in a high state of 
cultivation, were at the enclosure covered with water ; and, in measuring the land, boats were required. — 
Abstracted from the original 3IS. Book, penes Dr. Raines. 

The Church, an ancient rectory, now a vicarage ; a peculiar discharged. Walter 
Grey, archbishop of York, purchased the church of Pittese Burton, of the abbat and con- 
vent of Albemarle, on the ides Nov. 1230, 14 H. III. ; and did, by the consent and 
submission of the abbat and convent of Furness, appropriate the same to the common of 
his cathedral church ; and a vicaridge was endowed herein, with one mark of silver over 
and above the thirty shillings stipend the vicar was wont to receive out of the common of 
the dean and chapter, who were proper patrons of it, or a canon residentiary their farmers. 
But, in 1291, the vicars hereof had all the oblations, mortuaries, and personal tythes of 
gardens, virguks, and of the increase of cattle, except the tythe of wool and lamb ; and on 
the 15th March, 1300, the vicaridge was endowed with the whole alterage of the church, 
or 9s. per annum payable by the farmers ; also, with half an acre of land therein to build 
an house for his habitation. — Torrs Peculiars, p. 536, 538. 
LIST OF VICARS. 



Instituted. 


ncars. 


Patrons. 


racated by 


15th Cal. February 


1300 


Dns.Roger de Askleby, Cap. 


Dec. & cap. 




7th Ides, January 


1330 


Dns. Ed. de Eriom, Presb. 

Dns. W. Aunger, Pbr. accused of 


the same 
















fornication in 1399 






8th October 


1412 


Dns. Thos. Dighton, Cap. 


the same 


Eesig. pro eccl. de Bt. 
Thorp. 


24th April 


1417 


Dns. John Darell, C;.p. 


the same 


Eesig. pro vie. de Hems- 
ley 



BDBTON PIDSEA. 



Instituted. 


ficars. 


Patrons. 


Faealed hy 


17th October 


1422|Dn3. Ed. Curtas, Cap. 


the same 




11th November 


1423 Dns. Thos. Newton 


the same 




15th January 


1425 Dns. Js. Etherwyck, Cap. 


the same 




17th July 


1435 Dns. Michael de Hill, Cap. 


the same 


Mort. 


2.5th October 


1435 Dns. W. Stuton, Cap. 


the 6ame 


Resig. 


19th September 


1440 Dns. Rd. Potter, Cap. 


the same 




13th November 


1478 Dns. Ricd. Percy, Pbr. 






1 5th November 


1484 Dns. Robt. Walton, Cap. 


Dec. and cap. Ebor. 








Dns. Steven Gamell, Pbr. 


the same 


Mort. 


6th November 


1515 


Dns. Robt. Gower, Pbr. 


the same 


the same 


29th June 


1522 


Dns. Robt. Bushap, Pbr. 


the same 


the same 


17th June 


—27 


Dns. Jobs. Crosby, Pbr. 


the same 


Resig. 


12th July 


1532 


Dns. Thos. Brompton 


the same 


Mort. 


2nd October 


1538 1 Dns. Robt. Morall, Pbr. 


the same 


the same 


7th July 


1541 


Dns. Robt. Topcliffe 


the same 




12th September 


1580 


Robt. Cowper, CI. 


the same 








Dns. Robt. Bynkes, CI. 


the same 


the same 


Hth February 


1587 


John Doucket, CI. 


the same 


Resig. 


7th August 


—88 Hugo Martyn, CI. 


the same 


Mort. 


11th June 


1603|W. Wilson, CI. 


the same 


the same 


14th February 


1632 John Stanfield, CI. 


the same 


the same 


24th January 


1661 Rd Coates, M.A. 


the same 


the same 


24 th May 


1662 Ralph Cromwall 


the same 




10th February 


1692 Robt. Jellyson, 


the same 


Death 


2nd November 


1717 John Pearson, A.B. 


the same 


the same 


31st October 


1763jThos. Bowness, CI. 


the same 


the same 


20th May 


1788 Jonathan Dixon 


the same 


the same 




1832 


Rev. Joshua Smyth 


the same 


Present Incumbent 



Mr. Robt. Jellison, clerk, vicar of Pidsea Burton, and minister of Kayingham, occurs in 1679. He was 
buried in SI. Philip's aile, in Kayingham church, on the 7th October, 1717, near his son, Mr. Rob. Jellison, 
who had been rector of Holmpton and vicar of Welwick, and who died in 1713. 

Rev Jonathan Dixon, curate of Burton Pidsea, 25th April, 1781; vicar 1st May, 1786; and died vicar, 
21st December, 1831, oet. 79. He was also vicar of Humbleton and Garton, and incumbent of Tunstall and 
Elsternwick, and domestic chaplain to the late Duke of St. Albans. 

Testamentary Buiuals, — The first vicar, Roger de Askleby, by will, dated ult. July, 1330, in the church 
before the great altar ; soul ut supra. 

R. Percy, by w. p. 8th Nov. 1505, in the church. 

This church was let to the ancient canon residentiary for the rent of forty marks, or twenty-three pounds. 



He was also minister of Kayingham, and buried in St. Philip's aisle in Kayingham church, which see. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 39 

1 7th April, 1555, 1 and 2 Phil, and Mary.— Nicholas "Wooton, dean and chapter of York, demised unto 
Wm. Thorpe, one of the queen's grt. sewers, their parsonage of B. P. with all the offerings, tithes, mortuaries, 
demesnes and glebe lands (pres. to the vicarage excepted), for the term of 21 years, rendering per annum £25. 

29th April, 40 Eliz.— John, bishop of Limerick, dean and chapter of York, demised unto Rd. Sanders, of 
Amersam, Bucks, Esq. this rectory for 21 years, at £23. 

26th March, 3 Car. I.— John Stot, dean and chapter of York, demised unto Sir Robert Hansby, of Tickhill 
Castle, knt. this rectory (save the advowson of the vicarage), for the term of three lives. * ♦ * * a 

From an old Terrier, 1770, it appears, that the glebe lands, stipendiary payments, and other ecclesiastical 
dues belonging to the vicarage of Burton Pidsea are as follows. Imprimis, one little close, containing by esti- 
mation about half an acre, now let to Wm. Clapham, gent, bounded and fenced on three sides by the lands of 
the said Wm. Clapham, and on the fourth side, to the south, by the highway. Item, a stipendiary payment of 
£25, reserved by the ven. the dean and chapter of York out of the tithes ; at Lady Day, 1808, the dean and 
chapter, on renewing the lease, augmented the vicarage with the herbage of the churchyard. In 1810, the 
living was further augmented with a parliamentary grant of £200, which was laid out in purchase of lands at 
Aldbrough, in 1812, containing by admeasurement -Ia. 2ii. 9p. In 1818 the living was again augmented with 
£200, by the governors of Queen Ann's Bounty. Item, one close, containing about an acre, in Burton Pidsea, 
was awarded at the inclosure for the repairs of the church, which land is let annually at Easter by the vicar 
and churchwardens. 

The parish clerk receives for every messuage lOd. for every cottage 5d. and for every oxgang of land Is. 9d. 
According to the return made to the parliamentary commissioners, in 1832, the annual value of this living 
was £42, and church room for 150 persons. 

Owing to the smallness of its income the church has for a very long period been annexed to some other 
benefice, and the parishioners do not enjoy the benefit of having a resident vicar ; nor have they since the 
restoration, and perhaps long anterior to it. 

In 1818, a vestry meeting was held for the purpose of obtaining divine service in the church every third 
Sunday, which had not previously been performed. A certain sum was voted to the curate, since which the 
parishioners have had an opportunity of attending their parish church once every Sunday. 

The Fabric is dedicated to St. Peter, although Brown Willis doubts whether the 
patron be St. Peter or St. Mary ; a field near the church is called St. Peter's croft. It 
consists of a tower, nave, north and south aisles, and chancel. Exterior. — The tower at 
the west end does not stand out from the body of the church, but ranges with the side 
aisles. It is of three stages, with angle buttresses of five set offs running up, and finishing 
with the plain battlement. In the lower stage of the west face is a magnificent pointed 
window of four lights, with three perpendicular mullions ; and in the upper stage, in each 
face, is a pointed belfry window, of two lights, with perpendicular tracery in the head. 
The nave has two clerestory plain square-headed windows, of two lights, on the south, 
but none on the north side ; the south aisle has angle buttresses at the east and west ends, 
between which are two other buttresses, with three set offs, terminating in plain modern 
pinnacles, which were originally similar to those on the north. The porch and south door 
are placed in the west division, formed by the buttresses ; in each of the other divisions 

=> Here the MS. is torn. — Torr's Minster, p. 503. 



4(J BURTON PIDSEA. 

is a pointed perpendicular window, of three lights, with good tracery in the head. At the 
west end of this aisle is a pointed window, of two lights, tre and quatre foiled in the arch. 
North aisle. — An angle buttress is at each corner, between which are two common but- 
tresses, terminating in their old crocketted pinnacles ; between the buttresses is a north 
door, blocked up with a low pointed arch : there are two windows of perpendicular 
tracery. The east end of this aisle has a plain pointed window, of three lights ; the west 
end one of two lights, and are similar to those in the west window of the south aisle. 
The nave, &c. are slated, the buttresses and basement of hewn stone, the rest of the 
walls sea cobbles ; the porch of brick, and tiled. The chancel has buttresses terminating 
at the parapet, which has imitation battlements. On the south side is a pointed doorway, 
opening into the aisle or chapel of the chancel, with two windows of three lights ; another 
at the cast end, with trefoiled and decorated tracery, approaching perhaps the commence- 
ment of the perpendicular era. In the north side, one square-headed window, of two 
lights, with trefoils in the head and top, which give it a peculiar character. The east end 
of this small chapel has an early English or lancet window, with a drip stone, supported 
by corbel heads, and embellished with the tooth ornament ; this chapel does not rise to 
the height of the chancel wall. The east end of the chancel has a pointed window, of 
three lights. 

Interior. — The nave is much higher than the chancel ; the separating arch of the 
chancel is pointed. It is separated from the aisle by three piers and four arches on each 
side. The two westernmost piers are larger that the others, and support the tower. 
There is a winding staircase in the south western pier leading to the top of the tower. 
The chancel is ceiled, and so low as to cut off near half the arch. There is an ornamental 
ventilator in the centre of it. In the east window, in stained glass — argent, a bend 
azure, charged with six fleur de lis, or. Crest — a lion rampant, gules, brandishing a 
sword. Motto — [n ardua virtus. These arms were given by Mr. Clapham. In the 
south-east corner is a water drain, near which no doubt an altar was formerly placed. 
The south wall has two pointed arches, supported by an octangular pier, which formerly 
opened in the south aisle of the chancel, known by the name of St. Mary's chapel. They 
are now blocked up, but there is a door into the Sunday school. One of the brackets 
from which the arches spring has a shield with a plain cross ; the other a distorted head. 
There is also a blocked up door to the chantry chapel on the north side of the chancel, 
now a lumber room ; and a blocked up archway at the west end of the south aisle or 
chapel, which formerly communicated with the southaisle of the nave. There is a small 
niche for a piscena in the south aisle. The pulpit is placed in the north-east corner of 
the nave. A small gallery at the west end, under which is a small antique granite 
font of octangular shape. The Lord's Prayer and the Belief, with the royal arms 
over them, are placed on each side the chancel arch. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 41 

General Remarks. — The interior of the church is light and elegant, but, being open 
to the rafters and irregularly pewed, has an unfinished appearance. The nave contains 
in length 19 yards, and in breadth within the walls 14 yards, being 24^ feet from pillar 
to pillar ; the chancel is 30 feet by 18 feet. The chapel, called St. Mary's chapel, is 
30 feet by 12 feet, and is very lofty. This beautiful chapel has been originally enclosed 
with screen work in carved oak, and had only been despoiled when it was found expedient 
to convert it into a school room, and to separate it from the church by filling up the arches, 
thus darkening the chancel and curtailing the dimensions of the church. If ever the 
period should arrive when the opulent inhabitants should know how to value the fabric of 
their church, they would greatly add to its beauty by opening the arches which are now 
made to conceal the chapel from view. In 1838, the chancel was repaired and ceiled for 
the first time, and otherwise beautified, at the expense of Wm. Clapham, Esq. the lessee 
of the impropriator ; at the same time a new window was placed at the east end of the 
chancel, and in which the arms already described are emblazoned. When the old porch 
was taken down, a few years since, the stone stoup or aspersorium which was fixed in the 
east wall was removed, and is said to be built up in the present unseemly fabric of brick.' 
The large doorway protected by this porch has the bold hollow moulding peculiar to the 
perpendicular style. It should be recollected, that porches were originally constructed 
with a view to the partial performance of the rites of marriage and baptism, both being 
commenced " ante ostium Ecclesiae," and concluded in the church. About fifty years ago 
the lead was removed from the nave, and an embattled turreting, which ran along the 
south side of it, also gave place to the modern innovation of blue slate. Much has been 
heard and read of the " dark ages ;" but it may be fearlessly stated, that such devastation 
and disregard of sacred edifices did not exist in those times which many have witnessed 
under the prosperous reign of the " march of intellect." The church, it has been con- 
jectured, was founded by Henry de Burton, who died 17 E. III. 1345 ; and probably the 
north chantry by John de Burton, who was living in 12 and 16 R. II. 1389 and 1393 ; 
but sufficiently conclusive evidences are wanting to establish the fact. 

Monuments. — On the north wall of the chancel, a small mural of black marble — To the memory of Kobert 
Pattinson Chapman, son of Wm. and Jane Chapman, of Beverley ; died 14th Oct. 18U8, aged 10 weeks. On 
the floor of the chancel are six monuments :— 1st. A large one — To Wm. Clapham, lessee of the impropriator 
of this parish, son of Geo. Clapham, and grandson of Wm. Clapham ; died Oct. 5th, 1835, aged 71. Also, 
Sarah, wife of Wm. Clapham ; died Jan. 30, 1838, aged 7-4 : wilh the coat of arms sculptured at the head of 
the stone. '2nd. Leonard Clapham, son of Wm. Clapham ; died April 4, 1839, aged 41. 3rd. Geo. Clapham, 
son of Wm. Clapham, and grandson of Geo. Clapham ; died 10th Sept. 1820, aged 20. 4th. Rachel Duck- 
worth, of Beverley, the wife of Wm. Clapham ; died — Aug. 1811, aged 75. Also, Jane, daughter of Geo. 
Clapham ; died 10th March, 1773, aged 5 years and 1 months. 5th. Here lyeth the body of Wm. C. Proctor, 

" Ex inform. Wm. Clapham, Esq. 



42 BURTON PIDSEA. 

of B. Pidse, and likewise the body of Margaret his wife, who departed this life in the year of onr Lord 1722. 
6th. Fred. Jos. Ford, son of Geo. and Jane Ford, and grandson of Wm. and Sarah Clapham ; died loth 
March, 1837, aged 10 months. In the nave there are three floor stones : — 1st. Robt. Clapham ; died Feb. 8, 
J837. aged G2. 2nd. Wm. Dibney, clerk of this church; died July 19, 1828, aged 76. 3rd. Geo. Clapham; 
died Oct. 17, 1792, aged 60. Also, Geo. Clapham; died Feb. 6, 1794, aged 4 years. 

The church furniture consists of three bells, one is the date 1678, two books of common prayer, in folio, 
one surplice, one blue and one white cloth for the communion table, one pewter flagon, one silver salver, and 
one silver cup. The ancient custom prevailed here of the parish clerk ringing the great bell of the church 
every morning at four o'clock during summer, and at six o'clock during winter, and at eight o'clock at night 
the year through. About the year 1782 this custom was relinquished, by permission of the chief freeholders 
and other inhabitants, at the request of the clerk. 

On the south-east of the church, surrounded by magnificent timber and quiet home 
scenery, is Chatt House, formerly the property and residence of a family of that name, who 
do not, however, appear to have been located here for more than one or two generations. 
In [662, Phillip Chatt was seized of an estate in Burton Pidsea ; and, on the 1st Feb. 
1666, administration of the effects of Thomas Chatt, of Fitling, gent, was granted by 
Ellis Weyte, M.A. commissioner, to Phillip Chatt, and Robert Mason, gents. On the 
14th May, 1693, Wm. Clapham, of Burton Pidsea, proctor, was the owner of Chatt 
House, which he is supposed to have held in right of his wife, Margaret, daughter and 
heir of Mr. Thompson, of Fitling. The old hoflse was a large irregular building, con- 
taining numerous small apartments ; and the architecture of different periods was to be 
traced in various parts of the edifice, the additions, from time to time, of its successive 
owners. The present possessor has entirely re-built the house, and has displayed both 
taste and judgment in the erection, of which he has directed the execution. From the 
annexed pedigree, the original evidences and confirmation of which are in Mr. Clapham's 
possession, and were examined by the Rev. Wm. Dade in 1785, it appears, that this is a 
branch of the ancient house of Clapham, of Bethmesley Hall, in Craven, whose lengthened 
descent a late eminent historian seems to have viewed with much critical suspicion. 
Without entering into the question of the genuineness of the Saxon and Norman ances- 
tors of the family, it may be observed, that there is sufl5cient antiquity and respectability 
in the pedigree to satisfy the most aristocratic commoner, or incredulous historian. 

A GENEALOGY OF THE FAMILY OF CLAPHAM, OF BURTON PIDSEA, 

From an ancient I'ellum MS. in their possession. The early descents confirmed by the Heralds, 
Jonas db Clipham, third son of Alphons( 




Jacob (Ic Claphara=Edith:i • • a Dane. Arms. 

1 Argent, on a bend, azure, 

Manfred, son and beir= The original confirmation a 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



43 



; cominp In of Wm. the Conquer( 



s lands in the south, 



1 strong tower at Clipham, Co. Ebor, 1067= 



! Conqueror gave him the manors of Dent and Sedbergh, 1072— • * • daughter of • ■ • Harthington, of Harthington. 
Robert, son and heir=» • » dtr. of • * • Tunstall, of Thurland Castle. 



^VaUhron, son and heir^ 



s against the king. s. p. 



Sir John Clapham, 



Thomas^* « ^ d. and h. of Sir John Butler, knight. 
Ir._* » * daughter of Sir John Sturton, knt. 



r=* * dtr. of Sir Robt. Fitz Osborne. 



Robert, son and heir, vix 1398=* * Daughter of John Harrington, of Hornby Castle, Co. Lane. 
1 and heir, lost his estates lor rising with the barons against R. 11.=* * Daughter of Sir John Dransfleld. 



^* * Daui-'htcr of Sir "SYm. Redmond, of Harewood Castle. 



Thomas, son and heir. 



' Beamsley, in whose right 



Thomas= Margaret, daughter of Wm. Calverley, of Calverley. 






ll 



M 



i.—Maraaret, daught' 
Stockeid, 



jU^ 



Marmaduke. 
Hercules. 



inn, ux 1st, Mr. Thwates, of Marston ; 
Gate, of Akeham ; 3rd. John, 2nd brother 
He settled at Lawkland, in Craven. 



nd h. of Col. = Ann, daughter and heir 
r Beeston, in I of Capt. Wm. Fisher. 
Leeds, Esq. 



LJeorge, s. and=MaTlha. daughl 



Thomas Heber, of 






si is 



BURTON PIDSEA. 



ChrUtoplier, a Josias. George, slain at Newcastle, Thomas, slain at Preston, William, a=" • dlr. EUz. ux Mr. 
knt. 3. and h. Henry. under Sir Thos. Glen- under Sir Marm. Lang- law yer 6 I of • • Dawson, of 
had issue. ham, knt. dale, knt. son. Hewarlb. 



Vork,=:MarRaret, daughter and heir of John Thompson, 
impro- I of Fitling, gem. She oh. 8th Jan. i 722-.) ; bur. 
priators, tne uean and cnap. oi lorit; oD. ytn December, In the chancel of B. P. 
1722 ; buried in the chancel of B. P. 

orge Clapham. of^Mary, daugh. of Henry William, living 1746; Ellen. Margaret, us John Jane 

3. P. tent, raard. I Raines, - "■ ... ... . 



28th April. 1718; gent. ob. August 31, 

w. d. 8th P- I "— 

ber, 1767. 






,daughterofJohn=George, son and heir,— Rachel, daughter of=Thomas Duck- Ellen—Thomas Colfltt, Sarah, bap-— Hugh Hall. 



Wyton, I bom 6th, and bap- 



tized 27th 
Mar. 1737. 



the chancel of 1 



married 29th 

March, l787;obiit. 
5th October, 1835; 
burled In the chan- 
cel of B. P. 






George, ob. William Clapham,s.=Caroline, dr. of Isaac Leonard, ob. at Bur- George, obiit. 1 0th Jane— George, son of W. Mary^Henry Cautley, of 

inf. and b. ; mar 21st Raines, Isq. M.D. ton Constable, Ap. September, 1820, Ford, and his wf. Ann. Hedon, Esq. son 

No7. 1839; lessee of Burton Pidsea. 4tb, 1839, ca;lebs. Calebs. Eliz. daughter of of the Rev. • • « 

of the dean & chap. Leon. Harland, Cautley, of York. 

of York. of B. P. 

In the spring of 1818, whilst excavating for the foundations of a house on an estate in 
this place, belonging to Dr. Raines, the workmen discovered two human skeletons, about 
five or six feet below the surface of the ground, in an unusually perfect state of preserva- 
tion, but upon exposure to the air they gradually crumbled to dust, except the skull and 
some of the larger bones No coffins were observed, but in the earth, on each side of 
one of the skeletons, were found two antique circular ear-rings, of vitrified glass, a blue 
coloured stone, of beautiful transparency, with a perforation through each, and suspended 
by a few inches of very fine gold wire, rudely twisted through the centre of each aperture. 
A plain gold ring, somewhat corroded, was also found with the bones. The ear-rings 
were presented to the Whitby Museum, by Dr. Raines, through his brother-in-law, 
Richard Moorsom, Esq. and the ring was allowed to be kept by John Loter, the man who 
first made the discovery. From the number of human bones exhumed in the gardens, at 
the time above-mentioned, it was supposed that the field had been an ancient cemetery, 
though no coffins were found. It is in vain, perhaps, now to ascertain the probable 
antiquity of these relics, although it mcay be remarked that ear-rings of this description 
were worn by the early Britons, as charms and amulets. 

In tracing the origin of another respectable Holderness family, long resident here, it 
may be observed, that genealogy, which ought to teach by example, often sets out in 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



45 



retailing fictions, but there has been no occasion to have recourse to improbable accounts, 
or very remote antiquity, in tracing this descent. It is sufficient to deduce it from a 
period when industry, enterprize, and integrity, laid the basis of some of the best families 
of the present day. 

PEDIGREE OF RAINES, 

OF BURTON PIDSEA, 

Faithfully collected from Family Evidences, Wills, Parochial Registers, Court Rolls, !;c. 
William Raines, of= Margaret, daughter of • * * 




Villiam Raines, of:=Agiies, Mary, buried Thus. Iived=Margeiie, Anthony, bor 
— ■" ■ " at Aldbro", at Marton. d. of** 22nd Feb. 

l7July, 15U. (4) HedoD. H. VIII. 



i-7. (3) 



John. 



(5)=Margaret, d. of Mr. Stephen Rosse. 



Helen, only dtr. nupt. Roger 
Bame, ante 1565; snpposed 
to he father of Ralph B. 






Anthony, living at 
Aldbro', I62J. (9) 



WiUiara, buried Robert Raynes, of West Lawrence Raynes,=Elizaheth, daughter of * * * Francis, mentioned Maud, baptized 23rd 

1 7th February, Newton, obiit. Calebs. eventually heir of I Pierson, of Sproalley ; dead in his father's will. March. 1589, obiit. 

1587-8, s. p. Will dated 26th April, his father. (12) i in 1631, of anancient family (13) 11th Nov. 1 Jac. 



: Ryhill. 



5 Raynes, of Fosham, ph. of J 
mar. 28th April, 1040. (14) 



John Raines, of Flinton,=Elizaheth, dtr. of Mary, a twin, Elizabeth, a Katharine, baptized Jane, bap. 2'st Jan. 1649 ; Frances, bap. 5th Aug. 1G52 ; 

gent. bap. Ilth May, I John Ransom, bap. 16 April, twin, bap. 21st Jan. 1645-6. married Leonaid dela married Mr. Rawlinson, and 

lC4i. (.5) I ofFitling, gent. 1643. (16) 16thApiil, (18) Mare, gent. 25th March, had two daughters, living 

I 1643. (w) 1676. 1714. 



John, bap. 14th Mav, Elizabeth, bap. 2nd } 
1680, ob. 1686. 168'2. (19) 



Elizabeth, baptized Mary, bap. Oct. John, bap. April Robert Raines, 

June 9, 1712; mar- 30, 1713, ob. a:t. 11, 171.5, ob. et. Flinton, Esquir 

Tied Wm. Milner, 14, of small pox. 13, of small po.x. bap. Nov. 28t 
of Hornsea. 171G. (2i) 



Blount, of Preston. 



Mary, bom Jan. 



ii'li 



M.A. 

Eras. Crcsswell, Esq. 
I Cresswell, Esq. M.P. late recorder of Hull. 

^ 



46 BURTON PIDSEA. 



Francis Robert b.=Honora Elizabeth, 
21st Feb. 1805; dr. of Msyor John 
mar. 21st Nor. Beswick, or Pllie 
Juno Com. Middlesex, Esq. ob. 1829. (2<l) I of Elstemwick. 1836. House. (30; 



Mary Jane, marriid 10th Edward John, bom 12th Jan.=Ellin, dtr. of William liichard, Caroline Chnrlotte Chas. Alfred bm. 

June. 1824, Isaac, son ]810, married 21st .'ipril, Rev. Wm. liorn June a.lrd, (32) Aan. Aug. 18, 1817. a 

of Abraham Dunn, of ISSC. (31) Hodgson. 1811. schol.. n. John's 

Palrington, Esq. Clerk. Coll. Cambridge. 




1. " Kynsman and heyre" of Thomas Raines, of Patrington, who died in 1487. 

2. He was seized of lands at Rimswell, in Holderness, which he and his sons, Marmaduke and Robert, bought 
of George Richardson, gent. The descendants of this Robert continued here about IGO years, when Bar- 
bara, sister, and it is supposed heiress, of Thos. Raines, married Henry Shepherd, of Welwick, gent, and 
was living in 1658. 

3. His will is dated 10th July, 1565, and proved 14th Sep. following ; his body to be buried in the churchyard 
of Aldbro'. She was buried lOlh March, 1583. Lands at Newton are devised to Laurence, his " sonn and 
heyre appar't,'' and his two sons are appointed joint executors. 

4. His will, dated 28th June, 1563, proved 20th April, 1564. Margerie, living, and had dower, in 1565. 
He left issue a son, Bryan, ob. s. p. and Thomas, his heir ; w. d. 24th July, 1581, p. 7th April, 1582. He 
left issue four daughters, and a son, Thomas, who married Cicily, daughter of " Laurence Walker, clerk, 
minister of God's word at Swine, in Hold'nesse, 32 Eliz." She died 12th April, 1634, and their surviving 
issue was three daughters. 

5. His w. d. 28 Oct. 1569 ; body to be bur'd within the church of S. Bartholomew, at Aldbro' ; to the poor of 
Aldbro' and West N. xiii'- iv"^ forgotten tythes, xx''- to margaret, his wife, xx marks, to Mr. Francis Newton, 
yjs yiiid. lands to Rob. s. Sc h. pr. 24 May, 1570, His descendants settled at West Newton, Aldbro', and 
Gowsill. His collateral descendant, James, son and heir of William R. of Aldbro', married before Hugh 
Bethell, Esq. J. P. 29th April, 1656, Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher Gower, of Fliuton and Garton, 
Esq. ; and their son, James Raines, of Aldbro', dying a bachelor, 31st Dec. 1693, this branch of the family 
became extinct. 

6. He was seized of lands and tents at West Newton and Sproatley, which he settled on his son John, by w. d. 
1st May, 1583 ; his body to be buried at Aldbro'. 

7. Succeeded to lands, &c. under his father's will. In his own w. d. 12th April, 1G13, he settles lands at 
West Newton, called Lanimouth, alias Lambwath, and other leasehold lands, on his eldest son Robert. 
He gives " to the rt. worshippfuU Sir Henrie Constable, my good mr. and landelorde, twoe qrs. of bcanes, 
desireing hym, even for God's cause, to bee goode to my wyfe and chyldren." 

8. In ward to Henry Constable, of Burton Constable, Esq. " along with his porc'on" in 1583; he was living 
in 1622, and styled " Wm. Raynes, the elder," From him descended the Haines' of IFyton. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 47 

9. Mentioned in the will of his nephew Robert eo anno ; he married, May 5th, 1586, Ellen, daughter of * • • 

10. In ward to his brother John; married, first, Agnes, daughter of * • *, 1592, second, Joan, daughter of 

* ♦ * ; he died 8th May, and she 13th August, 1625 ; buried at Aldbro'. 

1 1. Devises his estate, after numerous legacies, to his two brothers. 

12. Joint heir of his brother Robert. Was seized of lands at Sproatley, which descended from his grandfather 
Laurence; w. d. 30th Dec 6 Car. 1631. Desires to be buried, with his wife, at Sproatley; and devises 
his lands there, and elsewhere, to his eldest son, Thomas, and charges them with legacies. 

13. He had xx''- in money, and, being a minor, his father gave his " marriage and tuition to Mr. Sir Henrie 
Constable, knyght, together with his porc'on and legacie, during his minorite." He became joint heir of 
his brother Robert, 1622. 

14. W. d. 24th April, 1653 (see tomb in Aldbro' church). All his children were minors at his death. Jane, 
their mother, who died Jan. 2, 1693, and remained a widow nearly forty years, was appointed their guardian. 
He leaves " to every one of my hired servants vi""- each, and xx" in money to his wife, and xx''- in money 
to be paid to his son John, when 21 ; all his lands, he. to be equally dh-ided amongst his six children." 
There are six attesting witnesses to his will. 

15. He married Elizabeth, daughter of John Ranson, gent, and EUzabeth, his wife, d. and h. of Marmaduke 
Nelson, Esq. Her will is dated " Wighton, Nov. 2, 1727;" p. Jan 1728, by Rob. Flinton, the sole 
executor, and one of the trustees of her estate. Her husband died seized of freehold lands in Fitling, 
Owstwick, Elsternwick, Flinton, SiC. His will is dated, Fitling, 28th Feb. 1713, and was proi^ed by Wm. 
Raines, the sole ex. May 22, 1714. He settles his capital mansion-house at Fitling, and the lands there, 
upon his wife, during her life ; remainder to his only son. He desires to be buried at Aldbro' (see inscrip- 
tion upon his tomb there ) 

16. Married Mr. Thomas Harrison, of West Newton, 22nd July, 1673. He died October 25th, 1087, she 
Nov. 25th, 1695, aet. 52, both buried at Aldbro'. 

17. Married Mr. Edward Raines, May 4, 1663. He died Feb. 1, 1664, she Feb, 5, 1664, s. p. 

18. Married John Hornbye, gent. Jan. 13, 1669. She was dead in 1714, and had left no issue. 

19. Married, Jan. 3, 1699, at Humbleton, Robt. Flinton, of Wyton Hall, Esq ; they had surviving issue four 
daughters ; bap. at Garton. 

20. Was the owner of lands of inheritance at Fitling and elsewhere. He died of apoplexy, 30th Sep. 1718, 
aet. 30. Letters of adm. granted to his widow, his personalty amounting to £1248. 4s. 9d. Sarah, his 
widow, (ob. Nov. 12, 1 764, aet. 77 ; see inscrip. at Aldbro',) married, secondly, Wm. Medley, Esq. by whom 
she had a son, John, living in 1763, but dying s. p. his estate passed to his sole surviving sister, Margaret, 
wife of Mr. Johnson, of Bishop Burton, near Beverley, ftlr. M. was brother of John Medley, Archdeacon 
of St. David's, and nephew of Dr. Tho. Watson, Bishop of that see from 1687 to 1700. 

21. He was educated at the grammar school, Beverley, and was a highly respected and talented public character. 
He gave communion plate to Humbleton church, re-built the porch, &c. w d. 10th Aug. 1754; ob. Nov. 
29, and buried at Aldbro', Dec. 1, 1763, ost. 47. His relict married Mr. Ralph King, of Driffield, and ob. 
7th Jan. 1775, cet. 46. 

22. Was a commissioned officer of the east York militia, and married at St. Michael le Belfry's, York, Jan. 21 , 
1774. She was, eventually, heir of her brother, Isaac Webster, of Dowthorpe Hall, Esq. which estate he 
inherited from his mother. Mr. R. died March 19, 1809, aet. 57 ; buried at Humbleton. His widow died 
Aug. 7, 1826, oet. 76, and buried at the same place. 

23. Mary married, Isl. Flinton, s. and h. of Wm. Mitford, of Hornsey, Esq. [sometimes written Midforth,] 



48 



BURTON PIDSEA. 



and bis wife, Jane, d. and co-h. of Robert Flinton, of Wyton, Esq. and Elizabeth his wife, d. of John 
Raines, of Flinton. Mr. Mitford held a captain's commission in the east York militia, and ob. Feb. 2, 
1798, aet. 58. His relict married, 2nd, Samuel, s. and h of Mr. John Stephenson, ofAldbro', and ob. 
Nov. 1829. 

24. She married Anthony, son of Mr. Thomas Chambers, of Filling, and died July 28, 1795, set. 39; her 
husband, IGlh March, 1798, aet. 51, s. p. 

25. Married Ehzabeth, d. of * » • Ferneley, of Hull. He died, Jan. 1830; she 1825, s. p. m. 

26. Married, April 14, 1796, the Rev. Jonathan DLxon, clerk, vicar of Humbleton, Garton and Burton Pidsea, 
and doni. chap, to his Grace the Duke of St. Albans. She died Aug. 1826, aet. 66; he 21st Dec. 1831, in 
his 80th year. leaving issue two dau. and one son, the Rev. Isaac Dixon, B.A. marr. 1827, Charlotte Ellen, 
d. Sir Wva. C. Bagshawe, of the Oaks, eo. Derby. 

27. Mr. Robertson, of Whitby, was born at little Ashy, co. Westmoreland, in 1744. He was first cousin of the 
celebrated critic, the Rev. Jos. Robertson, M. A. vicar of Horncastle, author of the " Dissertation on the 
Parian Chronicle," &c. and was educated with him, by Mr. Yates, of Appleby school, before his removal to 
Queen's coll. Oxon. Mr. R. of Whitby, contributed, during many years, a variety of religious and literary 
articles to the " Critical Review,'' of which his cousin was editor twenty-one years ; and his published 
sermons and other writings are all distinguished by sound learning, elegant taste, and correct judgement. 
He died Oct 17, 1824, tct. 80, and was buried at Sleights, where he bad been fifty years the vicar. He 
left three surviving children: Joseph, his only son, formerly a clerk of the admiralty, succeeded to family 
estates in Westmoreland, and marr. Mary Ann, d. George Browne, of Blackheath, Esq. ; Ann, marr. Isaac 
Raines, Esq. M. D. and Maria, marr. Richard, s. fc h. of Richard Moorsom, of Airy Hill, near Whitby, 
Esq. nephew of Admiral Sir Robt. Moorsom, K. C. B. and brother of Capt. Robt. Moorsom, of the Scots' 
Fusilier Guards, who marr. — daur. of General Sir Henry F. Campbell, K. C. B. & G. C. H. Sir Henry's 
second daur. marr. Dec. 10, 1836', the Honorable Henry Thomas Slanley, second son of Edward, Earl of 
Derby. 

28. Ehz. mard. first, Francis Reimers, of St. Petersburg, Esq. ; second, the Rev. John Kriiger, a Lutheran 
minister. 

29. Married Marian, d. & h. of Mr. Ralph Wrigglesworth, of Elslernwick, and. has issue, 1st, Frederick 
Wrigglesworth, 2nd, Isaac Raines Raines. 

30. Justice of the Peace, and Dep. Lieut, for co. Lane, his wife was Eliz. Honora, sole daur. of Wm. Couch, 
Esq. of the hon. East India Company's service, and heiress of her brother, Richard Couch, Esq. a post Cap- 
tain in the royal navy, in co. Devon. Mr. Raines is in holy orders. Incumbent of Milnrow, in com Lane, 
and dom. chap, to the right hon. the Earl of Dunniore. 

31. He married Ellen, daughter of the Rev. Wm. Hodgson, incumbent of Milnrow, in Rochdale, and sister and 
co-heir of Wm. Hey Hodson, Ks(|. M. D. of Wood Side, Com. Chester. Mr. Raines is of Queen's Coll. 
Cambridge, Rector of Holy Trinity, Goodraragate, York, and a vicar choral of York minster. 

32. Caroline married 20th Nov. 1839, William, s. & h. of Wm. Clapham, of Burton Pidsea, Esq. 

■Vide the Testamentary Burials in Patrington church, for curious extracts from the will of Thomas Raines, 

of that place, in 1487. 

On the north side the village, in a large field, a small distance from the church, and 
near St. Peter's garth, was an extensive pile of building called " The Hall," but as the 
site became an object of value as agricultural enterprize began to dawn, the ruins were 
removed in the time of the last Mr. Clapham's father, about 80 or 100 years since. It 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



4!) 



is now the property of Mr. Harland, and adjoins his house. The village is generally 
considered luxuriant and picturesque ; there are some large and good houses in it, and 
the timber which surrounds some of them may be ranked among the giants of the forest. 
It is, perhaps, a singular fact, that the whole landed property of the parish, with the excep- 
tion of one estate, is occupied by the owners who have generally succeeded by inheritance. 
The principal families are the Claphams, Raines, Harlands, and Baxters. The soil i.^ 
rich and fertile, the whole parish being in a high state of cultivation. From the following 
extract of the Register Book of Burials, it appears as if the salubrity of the air was con- 
ducive to long life: "Francis Hamsworth, blacksmith, buried 1803, aet. 89. Richard 
Sturdy, butcher, buried 1806, ajt. 92. Leonard Salmon, yeoman, buried 1808, aet. 82. 
Philip Blackburn, labourer, buried 1808, a;t. 88." 





GARTON, 

INCLUDING THE HAMLET OF GRIMSTON GARTH. 

ARTON and Ringborough, in the Domesday Survey, f.re 
returned jointly as sokes belonging to the manor of Easing- 
ton, and containing together eight carucates of arable land to 
be taxed. The record further adds, that in the time of Edw. 
the Confessor, Morcar, Earl of Northumberland, was lord of 
l^asington, and that after the Conquest, Baldwin, a capital 
tenant of Drogo, then Lord Paramount, held Garton and 
Ruigborough; one carucate or 120 acres were said to be in 
tillage, and here was a priest, a church, and 40 acres of 
meadow. 

The first mesne or intermediate lord of Garton, appears to be Baldwin, but when the 
place began to acquire, or to exercise manorial rights, it is now impossible to ascertain. 
As early as the reign of 

Henry IL Walter de Garton held a knt.'s fee of Everard de Ross, of which part of the lands were in this 
lordship. According to Kirby's Inquest, A. D. 1295, Robt. de Rosse held in Garton, Ringborough, and Roulh, 
12 carucates of land, at the rate of 52 carucates to the knight's fee. And in the Sheriffs list, Garton with its 
members is stated to be in the hands of the Abbat of Thornton, in Lincolnshire. 1 7 E. II. on the inquest held 
at the death of John de Roos, it appears he held this manor, with the appurtenances, immediately of the crown, 
by the service of one barony, and that Wm. de Roos was his son and heir. An authority of a similar nature, 
bearing date 1384, 7 Rich II. shews that Sir Thos. de Roos, knt. died seized of this manor. From the family 
of Garton, who appear to have been Lords here for some centuries, under the family of Ross or Roos, 
the manor is supposed to have passed by marriage into the family of Gower. According to an inquisition, 
held on the death of Thomas Gower, in 1537, 28 H. VIII. it appears that he held here a capital messuage, by 
knight service of the king, as of the honor of Albemarle, and that George Gower was his son and heir.^ 

Early in the 17th century, viz. in 1618, Marmaduke Grimston held the manor of Gar- 
ton of the crown, as of the manor of Thornton, in Lincolnshire, in soccage. By a descen- 
dant of this Marmaduke, Garton was sold to the family of Constable, Viscounts Dunbar. 
Wm. Constable, of Burton Constable, Esq. in the year 1774, conveyed this manor, with 
the manor house, called the Blue Hall, to John Wright, of Nottingham, gent, who entered 
on the premises in the same year. Colonel Grimston, of Kilnwick, near Beverley, and 
Grimston Garth, is the present lord of the manor. 

" F. 105. Escheats from H. III. to Jas. I. in Burton Constable Library, and the inquisitions from the same 
authority. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 

GOWER, OF GARTON. 

From authentic Sources, inclnding G/over's Visitation. 
GowER, of Garton^AgDes, sister and co-heir of \Vm. Garton, of Garton. 



s witness to a=* • • dtr. of * 
!, 3'oth April, 



jeo. Gower, living 21st Nov. 
1674. Vide will of Mr. Peter 
Flinton. 



1 September, IGIO. 



John Gower, of Garton,— Alice, dtr. of Thos. Metham, 
Esq. entered his ped. of Greenlicke. Esq. and Ann 
at the Herald's visita- his « ife, daughter of Sir Jno. 
tion, 1584. Acklom, of Moorby. tnt. 



Marmaduke Gower,— 



Frances, a daughter. 



Humphrey, baptiz 






t Carllon^^Elizabeth^Saraue] Pearson, of Ryhall, gent. 2ndTir. nun. Auf. &lh 
:) I 1654. By Hugh Bethell, Esq. 



(A) Geo. Gower, gent, buried at Garton, 9th June, 1633 ; his will, if he made one, is not proved at York. 

(B) Gilbert Gower, of Garton, Esq. justice of the peace, occurs in 1612 ; supposed to be the son of Geo. Gower. 

(C) Christopher Gower, of Garton, gent. Will dated Feb. 9, 1652; body to be buried within the church of 
St. Michael, of Garton. To George, his son and heir, lands at Garton ; and, after the death of testator's 
wife, leasehold lands in Flinton lo descend to the said George Gore. Legacies to his daughters, Elizabeth, 
Jane and Anne; to John Johnson's children ; to Wm. Grymston, son of Wm. Grymston, Esq. ; to all his 
hired servants, kc. Overseers aud witnesses, Thomas Raines, of Fosham, and John Bedele. Proved at 
York, 1653. 

Besides the capital mess, held here, 28 H. VIII. Thomas Gower held one messuage in FitUno-, of the abbat 
of Thornton, a mess, in Tunstal and Monkewike, of Walter de Grimston, as of the manor of Tunstal, per military 
service. 

Having thus traced the descent of the manor, it may be necessary to enumerate the 
Pbemises of less Note. — In the year 1278, 6 E. I. Roger, son of Nicholas de Lelley, granted to Mabil, his 
sister, in fee tail, a moiety of an oxgang of land in this place, which Humphrey Buller held. 35 E. I. John de 
Carlton held of the king, in capite, as of the honor of Albemarle, 32 bovates of land, and one plot of meadow, 
in Garton, by knight service. 4 E. II. Thomas de Etherdwick, son and heir of Thomas de E. gave to Nicholas, 
son of Robert de Lelley, 2 oxgangs of land here. 12 E. II. by an inquisition held on the death of John de 
Roos, 1319, it appears that he received annually, in rents of assize, of the frank tenants in this manor, 4 marks 
and 20 pence. 29 E. III. AVilliam de Lutton, and AHce, his wife, daughter and heir of Peter de Ferrour, of 
Garton, pa'id 12 pence halfpenny for the rehef of an oxgang of land here, which was held of the heirs of Wm. 
de Roos, of Hamlake, who held the land immediately of the crown. The record adds that Alice was in her 
minority, and held the above oxgang by the service of the 96th part of one knight's fee. 24 H. IV. Robert de 
Grimston, rector of Holsworth, in com, Devon, in the year 1401, released to Adam de Pomfret, his whole claim 



52 



CARTON. 



to a croft and an oxgang of land in this lordship, which he had of the gift of Amand Saunderson, of Grimston. 
'2 1 H. VIII. according to an inquisition, taken on the death of Thomas Gower, in the year 1530, the said Thos. 
held immediately of the crown, as of the manor of Brustwick, 20 acres of arable land here ; Geo. Gower his 
.son and heir. 28 H. VIII. the said Geo. Gower, in the year 1537, held here a capital messuage, and other 
tenements, late of the abbat of Thornton, but then of the crown, in soccage. 5 E. VI. Wm. Skeffington, of 
Fisherwick, in com. Stafford, had livery of the manor of Ringbro', with its appurtenances in Ringbro', et inter 
alia, Garton, which he held by knight service of the manor of Burstwick. 12 Eliz. 1570, Edward Flinton held 
here of the crown, as of the manor of Burstwick, two cottages, one toft, one close, and the half of another, by 
knight service, as appears by his livery of the above date. By an inquisition taken on the death of Richard 
Michaelbourne, Esq. 1584, 20 Eliz. it appears he held at the time of his decease, various lands and tenements 
within this manor, and that Richard Michaelbourne was his son and heir, then of the age of 37 years. Accord- 
ing to an inquisition, held on the decease of Alice Surdevall, widow, in the reign of Elizabeth, the said Ahce 
held half an oxgang of land immediately of the crown, as of the Queen's manor of Garton, Mary Brown, 
Beatrix Brown, and Jane Surdevall, were her daughters and co heiresses. An inquest, taken in the above 
reign, on the death of James Flinton, shews that he held one messuage, one toft, and half an oxgang of land 
here, of the crown, on account of the dissolution of the abbey of Thornton ; likewise another messuage, two 
closes, and an oxgang of three quarters of land, which the deceased had purchased of John Skevington, of 
Fisherwick, in the county of Stafford ; Francis Flinton, his son and heir. 1587, 29 Eliz. Marmk. Gower held 
a messuage in Garton. 1662, 20 Jas. I. Mary Grimston, widow, held lands here, valued at lis. 4d. yearly, 
two messuages, at 24s. yearly ; and a capital mess, at 30s. yearly, the whole valued at £3. 5s. 4d. per ann. 
Robert Scaife's parcel and possessions of Thornton coll. N. B. there is a manor of Garton past in Robt. 
Scafe's patent for collection, dated 27 June, 3 Jas. I. again Miles Dodson, Esq. for tythes here and in Grim- 
ston, £6. 16s. 4d. rental, part of the possessions of Thornton college. Miles Dodgson, Esq. died at the above 
time, as appears from a monument in the church of Kirkby Overblow.^ About the year 1610, 8 James I. 
William Hardy, of Fitling, and late of Garton, yeoman, with his sons, John and James Hardy, conveyed to 
George Acklom, of Bewholm, gent, and Robert, his son, in consideration of £33. 6s. 5d. the close called Haver 
Close in Garton, sometime the land of Gilbert Gower, and afterwards Thomas Grimston, Esq. 
DESCENT OF THE FLINTONS, OF GARTON AND FLINTON. 



•v 


7 






tUSTOV., 






r.ward.orOcof-, 


-Susan, daughter of 
Wm. Wencelagh, 
of Brandsburton, 
Esq. and widow of 
William.Grimston. 
Esq.; she survived 

gent!" 




John Flinton, 


of Hull = 


Ejward. 


Kichard Lodge, of Hull, 


= Eliibeth=Edward Truslove, of Map- 
pleton, 2nd Tir. 


Nr::^ 


Peter Flinton, or 

Garton, gent. 

(A) 


="dtr. jJhn. 

Newton, of Flln- 

(.^"He°'b'o;eTr 
is-s. 6 shin bones 
altire, ar. 


.itnes Plin 
of Garton, 


toD,=' • • daughter 
ent.| Of... 

1 
1 


Alice Flintsn^Thos. Headon, of Cot 

5i?iirHerot o 
Marion, Esq. 


first house, bein? ih 


"^"S Ellzabeth=Thos 
157 
am 





* Mid. Bail. The authorities in this manuscript almost invariably refer to Ridley's Collection of Charters, &c. 
Ridley is also often queted in these pages. He was Feodart of the East-Biding ; he formed a book, often 
mentioned by different authors, which book was extant in 1633. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



53 



Francis, of Garton, ob. 28th Feb. 1026-7. (C)^Miriam. dtr. of WUl dated Aug. 23, 1631. (,D) 



Mannaduke, living 1626. 



William, living 1628. 



Philip, bap. Feb. 26th, 1619; obilt. 





-George, of=« • • dtr. 
andh. 1 


Marmaduke Flint 
second ^on, of G 

April, 1658!" 


n,-Daughter Jane^George Gower, Esq. Eli2abeth=Ralph Medley, gent, an 
rll of" of Garton, Ob. 9th executor of his father- 
lb June, 1633. in-law, 1627. 


February, 1625.— 


30 


Sep. apud Garton. 


Isabel=James Hardey ; 
m. 26th Sep. 


'-^^.■&. 


William, of Garton,^ 
gent. ; llT. in 1631 ; 
bur. Aug. 13,1658. 


-Elizabeth, daughter of* 
Mr. Thos. Stead.ofFi 
Garton, 52nd Jan. 1663 


'i"""'"""""' 


Jane, living 1631. Alice, I2lh :Feb. 166B. Admimstrat^on of 
granted to Margaret and Frances G.ite8. 

ole daughter, living 1664. 




"llaryFiinton, 



James Flinton, bap. Sep. 2, !632. 



William Flinton, lap. June 15. 1644. at Garton=Jane, daughter < 



9 of inheritance t 



I gent. ; marrit 
1699 ; bur. at 



, dtr. of John Raines, of Fitling, Elizabeth Flinton, 
married at Humbleton, Jan. 3rd, April 23, 1666. 



Elizabeth—Mr. Moore, of Hornsey. 



rilllam, s and h. 
Christr. Mitford, 
of Hornsey. Esq. 



Mr. Scrutoii^Mary==Thomas Buckle, o 



110.' Mar. E 



Oct. 15, heir; 



12, 1713. Mar. 



Flinton Mitfor l,=Mary, dtr 
gent, married Raines, i 
1771. Esq. 



Sep =Rev. John Brown, Jane, married 1 



^Edward Ombler. of 



The Flintons held, at an early period, lands in Flinton of the Hildyards. The daughter and co-heiress of 
Herbert de Flinton raarr. an"- — Grimston, of Grimston, and conveyed a considerable property to that 
family. From a younger son of the same house was Richard de Flinton. sheriff of Hull in 1451, father, 
probably, of Robert de Flinton, sheriff of the same in 1481, and ancestor of Walter Flinton, sheriff in 1551, 
and mayor of Hull in 1565. Another branch of the family settled, very early, at Garton, still retaining 
hereditary possessions in Flinton. 

(A.) Peter Flinton, ot Garton, gent, will dated ^1 Nov. 1574, bequeaths to his cosen, Edward Flinton, of Hull, 
son of his uncle John, to his wyfe and chyldren, £40 ; to his brother, John Flinton, all his lands in Flinton 
and Garton, he paying £40 to Elizabeth, dan. of testator, and wyfe of Mr. Thomas Newton. He gives 
legacies to Peter and Wm. Hardy, Mr. Peter Thresholde, his landlorde, Henry Snayth, 4 servants, Mr. Geo. 
Gower, of Garton, Wm. Crofte, of Aldbro', Mr. Thomas Grymstone, Mr. Gilbert Gower, John Burgoyne 
and Wm. Mayer's children. Witnesses, John Flinton, Ed. Moore, Peter Hardie, Rob. Dixon, John Stow, 
Tho. Sampson, Wm. Crofte. 

(B.) John Flinton, succeeded to estates under his brother's wUl. He occurs as an arbitrator and legatee along 
with his brother James, in the will of Peter Treasure, of Garton, 25 Dec. 1562. 

(C.) Francis Finton, gent, will dated 20th Oct. 1626, body to be buried in the church or churchyard of St. 
Michael, in Garton ; Miriam, his wife, an annuity, &c. ; George, his s. & h. lands formerly his uncle Peter's 
and his father, James Flinton, deed. ; Marmaduke, his son, a house and two oxgangs of land in Pickering 
Mar; daur. Eliz. wife of Ralphe Medley; brother, James Flinton xiii^- 4''- ; nephews, Marmad. and Wm. 

I 2 



54 



Flinton, son Geo. and Ralphe M. exors. Witnesses, Ralphe Dunn, William Hirst. On a large grave stone 
on the south-west side of the porch in Garton church yard, is inscribed — " Francis Flinton ;" no date. 

(D.) Miriam Fhnton, of Garton, widow, w. dated 23 Aug. 1631. To George Flinton's daughter xii"** ; to my 
grandson, Wm. Flinton, and granddaughter, Jane Flinton ; to Eliz. my daur. wife of Balphe Medley ; to 
my son, Marraaduke Fhnton ; George Fhnton, my son and heir, sole exor. Witnesses, Thomas Canham, 
William Hurst. * In the Regr, Book, of Garton, is this entry, " Ann, bastard dowter of young George 
Flynton, son of Mr. Francis Flinton, bap. vi. Maye, 1610." 

(E.) Elizabeth Flinton, of Garton, widow of Wm. Flinton, w. dated . . 1663, to the poor of Garton, vis. viii'' 
to her son, Thomas Stead, and his heirs, all her houses and lands at Beford or Beeforth ; her son, John 
Stead, £40 ; her daughter, Elizabeth Shealdon, and three of her children, EUz. Tho. and Mary ; her dau. 
Jane, wife of Mr. Canham, and their son, Thomas Canham ; her daur. Mary Flinton ; her brother, Thomas 
Johnson ; faithful servant, Francis Harrison. George Acklam and Thomas Johnson exrs. and witnesses ; 
prov. at York, 1664. In Garton Regr.—" Ehz. Flinton, widow, bur. 23 Febr. 1663-4." 

(F.) On an altar tomb at Aldbro' is the following inscription : — " In memory of Mrs. Jane Whitefield, who 
died the 1st day of March, 1781, eet. 76 years. She was daughter and co-heir to Robert and Elizabeth 
Fhnton, who lie interred near this place. Also, the remains of her three husbands, John Hodgson, William 
Midforth and George Whitefield, and three of her children, leaving five remaining." 

The Church of St. Michael was given to the abbey of Thornton in Lincolnshire, 
and was appropriated by Archbishop Grey, which was confirmed by Hamo, dean and 
chapter of York, accordingly. It is a vicarage held by license from the abp. formerly a 
rectory. — See Torfs East Riding, p. 1523-6. 

LIST OF INCUMBENTS. 



Instituted. 


Incumbents. 


Patrons. 


Vacated by 






Dns. Symon de Humbleton 


Ab. and Conv. de Thorn- 


Uesig. 


3rd November 


132.5 


Dns. Hugo, son of Henry de 
Kelness priest, de North Froth- 
iagham 


ton 
the same 


the same 


Nones, March 


1329 


Dns. John Gode, de Frothingham, 
Pbr. 


the same 


Mort. 


12th January 


13G3 


Dns. Rd. son of Mas. John Clerk, 

Cap. 
Dns. Wm. son of John Clerk, Cap. 


the same 


the same 


12 th April 


-64 


the same 


the same 


■J 1st November 


1360 


Dns Henry Ceisus, Pbr. 


the same 


Resig. 


■Sth December 


— 74 


Dns. Robt. Senne, de Wilton, Pbr. 


the same 








Dns. Robt. de Dunnom, vel ton- 


the same 


Resig. pro Drayton 






ham 






30th July 


1381 


Dns. John de Ungate, Pbr. 


the same 




28th September 


1400 


Dns. Rd. Smyth, Presbr. 


the same 


Resig. 


27th November 


1400 


Dns. Jno. Croft, Pres. 


the same 


the same 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



Vacated ly 



27th March 
8th May 

tSth December 

6th December 
20th August 
3rd November 
25th February 
9th August 

4th November 
4th February 
20th October 
18th May 

Licensed. 
10th February 



141o,Dqs. Jobs. Herring, Pbr. 

1425 Dns. Joh. Berwick, alias Thuren, 

I Pbr. 
— 25jDns. Thos. Newark, Presb. 

I Dns. W. Hewson, Prs. 
]447lDns. Rob. Wright, Cap. 
— 76 : Dns. Rob. Sutherne, vel heme 
1478; Dns. Robt. Dumber, Pbr. 
1506 1 Dns. W. Jackson, Pres. 
1511 'Dns. Tlios. Richardson, Presb. 

I Dns. Henry Sampson, Pbr. 
154G,Dns. Christr. Champleyn, CI. 
I584,JohnElphicke, CI. 
16171 John Tetlowe, CI. 
16131 John Bird, B.A. 

JVrilten in Bp. Sharpens own hand. 



Ab. & Conv de Thornton Resi 



the same 




the same 




the same 


Mort. 


the same 


the same 


the same 


the same 


the same 


the same 


the same 


the same 


the same 


the same 


the same 


the same 


Assig. Ab. and Conv. 




Elizabeth 


the same 


James Re.x 


the same 


the same 





No Institution from 1613 to 1706.' 



Death 
the same 

Present Incumbent 
-Sir Henry Sampson, vicar, by w. p. 13th March, 1346, bur. in the churchyard. 



Lord Chancellor 
the same 



1695 Thomas Thompson, licensed 

1706 Andrew Watson, Curate 
26th August 1716 John Brown, licensed Curate here 

and at Ilumbleton 

1726 John Brown, put in by Archbp. 

1761 John Brown put in by the same. 

1789 Rev. — Aked 

1792 Jonathan Dixon 

1832 Isaac Dixon'' 
Testamentary Buuials.- 
Rob. Benet, of Garton, by w. p. 27th Oct. 1441, bur. in the church. Thos. Newton, of Garton, w. p. 6th 
May, 1485, churchyard. Wm. Garton, of Garten, Esq. by w. p. 14th Dec. 1486, in the ch. of St. Michael. 
Thos. Gower, of Garton, gent, by w. p. r2th Aug. 1501, in the church. Eliz. Grimston, of Grimston Garth, 
ph. of Garton, widow, w. p. 3rd June, 1515, in the quire. Thomas Grimston, of G. Garth, gent. w. p. 6th 
March, 1508, in the quire. Willm, Grimston, of parish of Garton, w. p. 7th Ap. 1528, in the quire. John 
Grimston, of Aldborough, gent. w. p. 30th July, 1534, in the kirk of St. Michael the Archangel. 

The following are extracts from the curious will of Peter Treasurer, who seems to have been in his day a man 
of wealth and consequence :— 25th Dec. 1562, Peter Treasurer, of Garton, in Hold'ness, yeoman, his body to 
be buryd in the church of St. IMichael, in Garton. To every poore bodie in Garton xii''- each ; to the poorest 
folks withing Fithlinge xx'- ; to the poor of Oustwych and Hilstone xii=- ; to the poor of Awbro', and Est 
Neuton and Est Thorne, xxs ; to my friend Mr. John Flinton xx'- ; to Mr. Wm. Maxwell, my curate, an acre 
of wheatt ; to Ursley Sergesay, my dr. in law, x'- in money, and one house in Patrington ; to Cicely, my wife, 



> A John Fenwiok appears to have been hcensed 18th September, 1662. 



' Son of the late vicar. 



56 GAHTON. 

a house in Patrington, and at her death or marriage again to go to Jennett Tresore, my daughter ; to Robert, 
my brother, a house at the west end of Garton, and half an oxgang which my wyfe shall have for her life ; and 
on her decease, and the decease of my said brother Robert, the said house and land shall goe and descend to 
one of his children, who shall have and enjoy it at the discre'con of Jno. Flinton, my neibor ; to Wm Tresore, 
my bro. xiii»- iv^- ; to James Flinton my purse, girdle, and daggar, &c. kc. 

John Carter, of Grimston, gent, w p. 13th March, 1570, in the church. Matthew Hilton, of Garton, gent. 
w. p. 19th Feb. IG02, in the church. Sir Marmaduke Grimston, of G. Garth, knt. w. p. 13th Aug. 1G09, in 
Garton or Godmunham church. John Tetlowe, vicar, w. p. 27th April, 1615, in the church. 

Jno. Gower m. w 9th Feb. 1652, to be bur. in Garton church. To his wife the lease held at Garton ; if she 
die, then to his son George, to whom he gave his lease at Flenton, and a pair of oxen ; to his daughter Eliz. a 
cow; same to dr. Jane, and same to dr. Anne; to Mr. Wm. son of W. Grymston, Esq. a sad bay filley. 

A full and just account of the living of Garton parish, in Holderness, in the county of York ; to be given 
in at the lord archbishop's visitation at Hull, June 15, 1716. First. There is an old vicarage-house, of a clay 
building, consisting of three room-steads, one of them only chambered over. There is a httle garth or close 
within the house, stands about an acre and a half of ground, ditched, and fenced round partly with white 
thorns, joining on the ch. yard on the north side, and almost butted and bounded on the other sides by the 
highway. There are no barns nor stable, or other buildings. There is also a piece of ground belonging to the 
vicarage, lying in the north end of a close called Midleton Garth, consisting of about a quarter of an acre, 
paying seven shillings a year to the vicar or curate out of the yearly rent of that close ; the piece of ground 
is fenced on the north, east and west, by the fence of the said close, and abutted and bounded off from the 
close on the south by a high bank. Also, there is a little close on the south end of the ground, called the 
Bail of Garton, which belongs to the vicarage ; it is ditched and fenced round about. Secondly. There is 
no other gleab land or ground belonging to the vicarage of Garton, save the churchyard only. Thirdly. The 
tythes belonging to the living of Garton aforesaid are as follows :— The tythes of lamb, but not of wool, 
belonging to the living throughout Garton lordship, and throughout the third part of the town of Oustwick, 
which lies in the parish of Garton. That part of Grimston lordship which lies in the parish of Garton pays 
forty shillings a year in lieu of tythes of lamb, and other petit tythes. The tythes of line, hemp, rape, &c. 
throughout the lordship of Garton, and the one-third part of Owstwick which lies in the parish of Garton, the 
tvthes of pigs, geese, turkeys, ducks, chickens, eggs, every new milk cow threepence, a stript milk cow three- 
halfpence, a whey of her first calf pays one penny, every foal pays fourpence, calves pny nothing, smoke one 
penny, a plow one penny ; every communicant pays 2d. at Easter ; every servant, by a custom time immemo- 
rial, pays 2d. per lb. wages. No doubt one farm in the lordship of Garton, belonging to Mr. Randall Carleil, 
which hath paid tythes to the present curate, as other farms in Garton parish have paid for twenty years last 
past, and for ought that is known to the contrary hath paid so time out of mind ; but the said Mr. Carleil hath 
now forbid his tenant to pay any more so, because he alledgeth it is a pendicite of the college of Thornton in 
Lincolnshire. N.B. Though the present curate of Garton doth agree with the inhabitants of Garton and 
Owstwick for so much for every farm, for his own ease and quiet, yet this is no hindrance to the succeeding 
vicar or curate to take the said tythes in kind ; the whole perquisites or income of the living no year exceeding 
fourteen pounds per annum. Fourthly. There are no augmentations made to the said living of Garton, but 
(assd'y) something is substracted from it, &c. Fifthly. As for the mortuaries they are paid to the vicar 
or curate, according to the common : viz. ten groats merks of debtless goods, six shillings and eightpence per 
thirty pounds, and ten shillings for forty pounds ; marriage fees are 5s. if askt. in the church ; churchings one 
shilling ; burial with coffin eighteenpence, without a coffin ninepence, burials in the church three shillings and 
fourpence. There is also a piece of ground, lying next to the west side of the churchyard and vicarage house 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 57 

and garth, in the close called the Kirkfield, which doth not belong to the vicar or curate but to the church- 
wardens, and was originally given for furnishing the communion elements, that is, bread and wine, at the 
sacrament of the lord's supper ; and hath been often abutted and bounded out by antient people ; and was 
again abutted and bounded out at a giving in of this terrier and account of the living, and not being dyked 
and fenced from the said close, hath paid hitherto only twelve shillings per ann. to the churchwardens for the 
use above mentioned. Let it be here also remembered, that, antient times, the impropriators of the tythes of 
corn, hay and wool, in the parish of Garton aforesaid, did pay four pounds per annum for a monthly sermon 
at Garton church, but the impropriators employed what neighbouring clergyman they pleased to serve there; 
for the same vicars or curates of Garton did agree with the impropriators, for forty shillings a year, to preach 
the monthly sermon, but for many years together, before the present curate, Mr. Thompson, came to Garton, 
the impropriators denied to pay the forty shillings, but Mr. Thompson finding out two old men, Thos. Dixon 
and John Canham, who had both paid the forty shillings themselves, and had been witnesses to others paying 
it for the impropriators to the vicars and curates of Garton, did cause and take these two old men's affidavits, 
and did deliver them into the hands of the Lord Abp. of York, (being unable to try it at law with so powerful 
men as the impropriators) the Lord Abp. Sharpe promised to take care of it ; but the curate finding nothing 
was to be done, he applied himself to the impropriators, Mr. W. Maister, M. P. for Hull, who promised to pay 
forty shillings a-year to Mr. Thompson, not as due, but out of kindness to him, which accordingly he hath 
done these several years last past ; however, Mr. Thompson, curate, since he can do no more, the old men 
being both dead, thought fit to put the same to stand in this account of the living. John Smith, Joshnn 
Webster, churchwardens ; Thomas Thompson, curate ; Rob. Fhnton, John Smith, Joseph Ombler, John Thorp. 
It appears from a memorandum, that, in 1706, Alderman Maister, of Hull, impro- 
priator, purchased with his father the rectory or great tithe, &c. and that before their 
time twelve nobles were paid for a monthly sermon in this church. — See Bp. Sharpe' s 
Archdy. of the East-Riding, p. 168. 

It will be seen the livhig of Garton, according to Mr. Thompson's account, was only £14 per annum ; in 
1716, it is returned at £15 per annum. The account which this old divine gives of the attempt to recover the 
40s per ann. for the monthly sermon, reduced to that sum from £4 which ought to have been paid by the 
impropriator, and then given as a bounty, and not paid as a right, renders the following language of William 
Crawshawe, in his dedication to Sir John Savile, knt." a very proper commentary upon it . — " Those who preach 
the gospel hve of the gospel, but alas ! how shall the ministerie of England live of the gospel when my small 
experience can shew, that in one corner of our countie of this kingdom, the East-Biding of the county of York, 
wherein there are some 105 parishes or parochial chapels, almost 100 of them, (if not a full 100) are impro- 
priate, and amongst them I can shew the most parishes have but £10 or thereabouts, some £8, some £4, some 
not £4 yearly living for the minister, and those impropriations worth some £300, many £200, almost all £100 
per ann. yea, there is one worth £400 per ann. where there Were but £8 left for the minister, until of late, with 
much ado, £10 more was obtained for a preacher ; and soe there is out of £400, £8 shared for a minister, and 
£10 carved for a preacher in that parish, where there are 2000 communicants ! of all the rest the crown hath 
some £100 rent, or not so much, and the remainder of £200 being a rich living for a learned worthy minister, 
a competent living for two, and mor than 7 painfull and able ministers have. I know not what becomes of it, 
unless it goe to the feeeding of kites and cormorantes. I have the rather made relation hereof that our High 

^ One of the barons of the excheq.— Dr. Wm. Perkins' Treatise of the Duties and Dignities of Ministers, 
p. 440, 3rd vol. fol. Ed. 1609. 



58 GABTON. 

Com. of parliament may see how great cause they have to go forward with that motion already by them, made 
for establishing of a learned ministerie." 

The Fabric is a good specimen of a primitive village temple, although the devastating 
hand of improvement has not been witheld. The external appearance presents a very 
low tower, which has either been at one time much higher, or intended to receive a spire. 
The water tables on the east side of the tower indicate that the roof of the nave, like the 
roofs of the generality of the early English churches, has been angular and lofty, but has 
been replaced some centuries ago by one of a more obtuse shape, covered with lead. 
The change may be traced in many of the Holderness churches, especially at Burstwick, 
Easington and Skeffling. The south front contains three windows, of the depressed 
Tudor arch, with the subordinate lights slightly foliated. There are two modern clere- 
story windows. On the north side is a pointed window with two mullions and a transom, 
and glazed with large squares in the most utilitarian style. The east window, of three 
lights, is square-headed. The interior has a south aisle, and three equilateral arches 
springing from sexagonal piers, without capitals. There are no pillars or arches on the 
north side. From the large arch at the west end, lately filled up with brick, to the 
chancel arch is sixteen yards by ten yards across. On the south side of the church is a 
small room, now used as a vestry, being a continuation of the south aisle. It contains 
nothing worthy of notice except a window of three lights, and an arch on the south side 
the chancel, now blocked up. The roof of the nave and chancel are of plain oak. In 
the south-west corner stands the' font, with some fair tracery round it ; above the font is 
a deeply embayed window, of two lights. The porch is large, and of considerable antiquity. 
Near the entrance to the chancel, Mr. Grimston, sen. about 1820, built a large square 
pew, with a Chinese canopy supported on four slender shafts, and the canopy ornamented 
with blank shields within quatrefoils. This deal pew stands in melancholy juxta position 
with the fine oak trellis work separating the chancel from the nave. On the north of the 
church is a mausoleum, built about twenty years since by Mr. Grimston, and is approached 
by a low door, leading from the chancel. The building is of red brick, arched semi- 
circularly, and is about 18 feet by 12. There are twelve receptacles for coffins, although 
many more may be deposited. It has not yet been used. In the north aisle are two 
ancient flag stones, on one of which is an iron shield bearing a saltire, and on its sinister 
side an annulet. 

In the chancel is a blue flag stone, formerly having four flying scrolls at the corners, and a narrow brass in 
the centre, which latter has contained the following inscription — " Hie jacet Ehzabetha Grimston uxor ThomEe 
Grymston quae obijt pridiae Kalend Maij Ao. D'ni cccccxv. Ao. H. VIII." In 1652, a plate of brass, taken 
off a gravestone in the chancel, was in the possession of Wm. Hurst, parish clerk, who appears to have been an 
active agent for the puritan faction. 

He was buried at Garton March fith, 1656. A hatchment, in memory of the late 
Thomas Grimston, Esq. hangs in the church. 




.--N 




•'./ 




Sif 








MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 59 

Although Grimston Garth has been for almost countless centuries the residence of the 
family of that name, Garton has only been their occasional place of sepulture since the 
reformation. The following are the only records of the family preserved in the parish 
register : — 

Mr. Eras. Grymston, born 20th Jan. 1606. Fras. Grymston, single woman, buried 
12th July, ICI9. Mr. Marmk. Grymston, Esquire, dyed the 27th Jan. at Grymston, 
and was buried at Goodmanham, 28th Jan. 1622. Dorothy, daughter of Mr. Wm. 
Grymston, Esq. bap, 6th July, 1641. Mary, daughter of Wm. Grymston, Esq. bap. 
27th August, 1645. Wm. Grimston, Esq. buried in the quire, Aug. 8th, I7II. 

According to the terrier, in 1764, there was one silver cup, one pewter flaggon, one 
plate, one bell, &;c. The present Charles Grimston, Esq. and his lady, presented a com- 
munion service of silver to Garton church, about 1834. 

In the Militia Roll, dated 1662, Garton and Grimston are thus rated together: — 
Wm. Grimston, of York, Esq. £100. Mr. Wm. Grimston, £150. Mrs. Ann Grimston, 
£25. Mr. James Flinton, £35. Mr. Geo. Acklam, £30. Mrs. Chambers, of Hull, £30. 
Jane Hardy, of Hilston, £30. ; total, £400. 

The old manor house of Garton, called the Blue Hall, is now the property of Mr. 
Stocks, of Manchester ; in 1780 the place is described as consisting of a farm house, two 
acres, 38 perches, including the mount and moat, and the little moat two roods and four 
perches. At the present day some parts of the moat remain, and all may be easily traced, 
but much of it has been filled up. The house has been modernized, although some of the 
rooms are large, panelled, and indicative of ancient respectability. Sometime before the 
close of the seventeenth century, Henry Constable, Esq. a younger son of the first Viscount 
Dunbar, and Margaret his sister, resided and died there at advanced ages. In the register 
book of burials are the following entries : — Henry Constable, Esq. of Garton, dyed on 
Christmas Eve, and was buried at Halsham, on St. John's Day, Dec. 27, 1700. Mistres 
Margaret Constable, his sister, dyed on Wednesday morning, 1st day of Jan. and was 
buried at Halsham on the 7th. The principal proprietors here are. Colonel Grymston, 
Rev. Thomas Yeoman, and Mr. Stocks, of Manchester. A day school has been in 
existence for a few years past, towards the support of which Mr. Grimston contributes 
annually ; but there is no permanently endowed school. A Sunday school was established 
in 1838, and about thirty children, belonging to Fitling and Garton, are taught gratuit- 
ously. A small Wesleyan meeting house was built in the village about ten years 
since. 

A more miserable hovel than the vicarage house can scarcely be conceived, now occupied by the clerk of the 
parish ; and although many good vicars have here, " remote from towns, allured to brighter worlds, and led 
the way," yet it would be perhaps saying too much, to assert that they " ne'er had changed, nor wished to 

VOL. n. K 



60 GARTON. 

change their place.'' The want of residence houses, even on poor benefices, is a serious evil to the church, 
as everything must necessarily be which cramps the operation of our noble parochial system. 

Windmill Hill is an eminence with a clump of trees on it. Garten Brails is the same, 
with much wood upon it, and is a fox cover. 

GRIMSTON. — In the Conqueror's Survey, Grimestun is returned as containing six carucates of arable 
land, of which four were considered as a soke appendant to the manor of Withornsea, and the other two as 
formingoneof the berewicks belonging to St. John de Beverley, subject to the danegeld. Here was also a waste. 
Such is the earliest account of this lordship, from whence it may be inferred the depre- 
dations of the sea have been very great. 

The place most probably derived its name from its first cultivator or possessor, and was Grimestown. Bye, 
Thorpe, and Ton, of somewhat the same signification, enter into the composition of Grimethorpe in the East 
Riding, and Grimsby in Lincolnshire. The lordship gave name to a family of considerable eminence. Sylvester 
de Grymeslon did homage to WiUiam the Conqueror, for Grimston Garth and Hampton, and his lands else- 
where, to hold of the Lord Ross as of his seigniore and manor of Ross, in Holderness, which Lord Ross was 
lord chamberlain of the king's household in 1U66. Philpot says he was standard bearer to William at the battle 
of Hastings. The best account that can be given of this family is contained in their pedigree, which has 
already been published." A high authority has said, that " He endeavoured to keep his work free from the 
repetition of that which is already before the public ; and preferred, rather than transcribe from printed works, 
which are equally the property of every one, to oflfer a few remarks upon these great houses as supplementary 
to the labours of his predecessors, though conscious that the work might thereby incur the imputation of being 
meagre where it ought to be full. Our topographical works must, after all the compression that can be applied 
to them, be sufiiciently large ; and a topographer ought to be very sparing in the use of that information 
which has long ago been made " publici juris" by some industrious predecessor.'' Grimston is returned as 
one of the ten lordships in Holderness where Robt. de Rosse held in the whole 46 carucates of arable land. 

Goodmanham, at a very early period, became a residence of the Grimstons. '' It was,'' says Camden, 
" the seat of a worshypfull family, so named, by whom it descended to the Grimston knights, who have a long 
time made it one of their chief places of residence." Sir John Grimston, knt. of Grimston Garth, was 
knighted by King Henry II. and lies buried at Goodmanham, H. 11. 1169 ; be married a daughter and heiress 
of Sir John Goodmanham, of Goodmanham, knt. who held the manor and lordship of Henry Percie, earl of 
Northumberland, and Lord Percie, Payning, Fitzpaine, &c. as of the manor of Spofforth. Kilnwick, near 
Beverley, is another seat belonging to the family of Grimston, and where the present Charles Grimston, Esq. 
resides. Thomas Grimston, Esq. of Grimston Garth and Kilnwick, married, A. d. 1722, Jane, daughter and 
co-heiress of John Close, of Richmond, Esq. ; he was lord of the manor of Grimston, Garton, Tunstal, and 
Hiiigborough, in Holderness; and of Berkby and Little Smeaton in the North Riding; and of Kilnwick in 
the East Riding. Kilnwick, Little Smeaton, and lands in Hull and the parish of Sutton, were left him by 
Admiral Medley, his relative. This Thomas also bought an estate, called Rolsea, of the family of the Duke 
of Ancaster ; and he hkewise purchased the manor and estate of Ringborough, and a farm at Lund. Some 
fee farm rents, and great tythes of Kilnwick and Bracken, were left by Admiral Medley to this Thomas. 

John Grimston, son of the above Thomas, bought the great tythes and some land at Lund, near Kilnwick, 
and four houses in Beverley ; a small piece of land, called Pepper Bar, from Pepper Arden, Esq. adjoining 
the Berkby estate. This John had a law suit with Mr. Hardwick, nephew of Admiral Medley, who disputed 

' In Burke's Commoners. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 6l 

tlie admiral's will, and claimed the estate of Kilnwick. The cause was tried at York, and given in favour of 
Mr. Grimston. 

Premises of Less Note.— Alice and Isabel, daughters and co-heirs of Richard, son of Alan Grimston, of 
Grimston, grants to Thomas Grimston, clerk, the two oxgangs, with a croft and toft, in this vill. and territory, 
which they inherited from their father, and which they sometime held of the said Thomas. 

Andrew Grimston, clerk, about the year 1330, grants to Thomas Grimston and his heirs a certain close in 
this vill. at the rent of one gilly flower yearly." John de Garton, in the year 1307, held immediately of the 
crown as of the honor of Albemarle 33 oxgangs of land, and a parcel of meadow, in this lordship, by knt. 
service. Among the grants to religious houses, the abbey of Meaux seems to have been the most benefitted 
by grants of lands in this place. Ralph de Grimston, about the year 1212, gave an annual rent of 30 sh. 
issuing out of an oxgang of land in this place, to Meaux. Thomas, son of the above Ralph, gave to the 
convent 5 sellions of land here, which was afterwards re-granted to the family in fee farm, at the rent of lib. 
of wax yearly. Robert, the butler, about the same time, gave an oxgang of land, which was held by him of 
the aforesaid Ralph de Grimston. Richard de Graunt, of Grimston, gave a toft and croft and 2 acres of land 
here; and these lands together amounted to about 21 acres.*" 18 R. II.— Robert Crosse, of Kingston-upon- 
Hull, founds a chantry at Meaux, and gives lands in Beverley and Grimston for the maintenance of the annual 
value of £3. 6s. 8d. and for an anniversary to be observed on the day when Robt. should die.": The jurors 
say, that no damage will arise to the king if he should grant permission to Thomas de Nuthill, of Fitling, to 
give 4 mess. 8 acres of arable, and 2 mess, in Huinbleton, Paulfleet, and Grimston, to the abbey of Thornton. d 
The depredations of the sea have been very great in a period of 700 years, if the Domesday Survey of six 
carucates, or 720 acres of land, be compared with the survey of the contents of the lordship in 1782, when 
Grimston Garth amounted in the whole to 275a. 1r. 15p. It may not be improper here to remark, that the 
21 acres of land belonging to the abbey of Meaux, as above stated, in 1327, 20 E. II. are now (1396), says 
the chronicler, " entirely lost, not a fragment of them being left.''" 

Another of those instances occurs, relating to this hamlet, from which it may be inferred, 
that injury and depopulation were supposed to follow the converting of arable land into 
pasture. 

Margareta Grymston vidua apud Grymston in Holdernes in diet' Estri' post p'd'cm ffestu' sci' Michs 
couv' tit xl acr' terr' tunc in cultur' in pastura' & q'd ea de causa duo mes' & duo aratra p'st'nunt' Sc oct. 
p'sone ab inh'itac'o'ibz suis recesserunt.' There is no date to this extract. A return of the commissioners at 
York, upon an inquisition, in 9 H. VIII. refers to the same practice (p. 78;. In 25 H. VIII. c. 13, a. d. 1533, 
an act passed forbidding to any one person to have more than 2000 sheep, under a penalty of 3s. 4d. per sheep ; 
and not to have more than trvofermcs. It was considered, probably, before the act took place a moral, rather 
than a legal, crime ; "and where formerly were men, sheep of God's pasture, now are only cattle and sheep of 
man's pasture.''^ 

It should be mentioned, to the honour of Wm. Grimston, Esq. of Grimston Garth and Goodmanham, 
A. D. 1639, that for his loyalty to Charles I. he sugered by sequestration; and for redemption of his estates, 
for support, sold Flinton, Waxham, and part of Grimston. He also settled the lordship of Goodmanham and 
Smeaton upon John, who gave them to his sisters after the death of his son, who sold Goodmanham to the 
Earl of Burhngton.'' 

» Earn. Evid. " Meaux Chart. ' Mid. Bail. " Ridley, 4-74. " See the commission appointed to 
investigate the subject at Hedon, 14th Jan. 2 H. IV. 
f Lansd. M.S. No. 1, fo. 55. ^ Coke, upon Littleton. " Family evidences. 



62 GARTON. 

Gough, in his edition of Camden, says — 

" At Grimston Garth, in Holderaess, was an antient seat of the Grimstons ever since the time of Wm. the 
Conqueror." This building was burnt down during the life of Wm. Grimston, who was born 16th Aug. 1640, 
and who sold part of Garton. A small part of a farm house now stands upon the site of the old hall. The 
present residence was begun and finished between 1781 and 1786, by Thomas Grimston, Esq. who died 2nd 
May, 1821, and was succeeded by his s. and h. Charles Grimston, Esq. of this place and Kilnwick, the present 
lord of the manor of Garton, &c. &c. 

The mansion is spacious and of rather singular construction, built with three circular 
towers at the angles ; the south tower being placed in front, with a polygonal erection in 
the centre, surmounted by a flag staff. 

It is situated on one of the most elevated parts of the middle division, and is a very conspicuous object; 
the views from it are very extensive. It stands about 725 yards from the sea, according to an admeasurement 
taken in 1833. It was calculated, when the new house was built, the sea would engulph it in 500 years. 
There are a few cottages at the north of the park, which form the hamlet of Grimston Garth. The entrance 
gtiteway to the park faces the west, and is square, with four octagon towers at the angles, about forty-five feet 
high, built of white brick ; the top is embattled. It has a sham portcullis; the family arms are on a shield 
over the gateway. In the language of a gentleman now surviving, who knew the late Thomas Grimston, Esq. 
well; he was an English gentleman of the old school, and some of the finest points in the British character 
were displayed in him. Inheriting the spirit with the honours and estates of distinguished ancestors, he was 
the cordial and enlightened friend of the church, and the vigorous and efficient supporter of his king at a 
time when the clouds of democracy and revolution were threatening to burst over our country, and the anxieties 
and fears of the people for their liberties and homes were intense. Mr. G. nobly raised a troop of cavalry, at 
his own expence, and gallantly appeared at its head. By his brother officers he was regarded as a brave and 
successful chief, in whose well ordered camp no division was ever known ; he encouraged his soldiers by his 
disinterested example, and animated them by his loyal counsels. In the private and peaceful walks of life he 
was equally beloved ; as a magistrate he was impartial and firm, as a politician wise and judicious, and as an 
opponent generous and placable. By his numerous tenantry he was felt to be lenient and considerate, and the 
necessitous still speak of him as their humane and liberal friend. He had all the high and honourable feelings 
attendant on ancient descent, and re-built the house of his Norman fathers at Grimston, where he spent much 
of his time. By largely planting, and expensively improving this favourite estate, to adopt the quaint phrase- 
ology of Fuller " he was contented with his present loss to be a benefactor to posterity." Mr. Grimston bears 
forty quarterings ; the principal are Goodmanham, Collam, Flinton, De Laland, Portington, Thwaites, Acklom, 
Danby, Midleton, Conyers, Close, Estouteville, Fitzwilliam, Lucy Cromwell, Dabignie, Hugh Lupus, &c. 

Arms— Arg. on a fess sa. three mullets of six points, or, pierced gu. Crest — a stag's head, with a ring 
round the neck, argent. Motto — Faitz proverount. 



HUMBLETON, 

WITH THE HAMLETS OF DOWTHORPE, ELSTERNWICK, FLINTON, AND FITLING. 
HUMELTONE, one carucate, 

Is thus returned in the Conqueror's survey as one of the 
eleven hamlets within the soke of Kilnsea. Its descent 
is easily traceable. 

In the year 1162, 2 H. II. Wm. de Scures gave this flace Humel's 
Town, with all its appurtenances, together with the church, to the 
abhey of Thornton, in the county of Lincoln, newly erected by Wm. 
le Gross, earl of Albemarle and lord of Holderness." The abbat had 
a charter for sac, soc, tol, and theam infang and outfang, and several 
other privileges in this and several other lordships,'' which were 
allowed to one of his successors, as appears among the pleas of Quo 
Warranto, held at York before Henry de Cressinghara and his asso- 
ciates, justices itinerant. When the abbat of Thornton was summoned 
to answer by what warrant he claimed &c. to have, &c. in Humbleton, 
Coningston, Skirlaugh, Frodingham, Kilness, Waxham, Faxfleete, 
Swmefleet, Flynton, and Easington, and by what warrant he and his 
men of the said town sliould not be impleaded but before the king or 
his chief justices."^ He pleaded his grant from H. II. In 1315, 9 
E. II. the slieriif returns the abbat of Thornton, and Herbert de Flinton, as proprietors of this manor.'' On 
the dissolution of the greater monasteries this manor became vested in the crown. In 1614, 12 Jas. I. the 
king granted it to Wm. Whitmore and Edmund Sawyer, who, with Sir Arthur Ingram, knt. granted it in fee 
the same year to Wm. Thompson, gent, and Francis, his son and heir apparent,* from which family it passed 
to the Hothams, as will be seen in the following pedigree, the present Lord Hotham being lord of the manor. 
TABLE OF DESCENT OF THE THOMPSONS, OF HUMBLETON. 

1ME» ThoMPSC 
PickeriDB Lytl 





of Thornton ln=Elmor, dtr. of 
I Brkknell, in < 



Phillips, ( 



living 15M. 



Henry, second s 



, of=» 



daughter of 



2ndly, to John Hunt. 



Chri5topher,=Izabel, daughter of E. Hutchinson, 
of Scarbro'. I Wicham Abbey, Esq. 



r'illiam Thompson, of=« » * daughter of John Barker, of 
Humbleton, Esq. l Scarborough. 



Rob. Thompson. 



Party per fess, embattled, arg. 
and sable, three martlets, 
counter charged. 



^ 



f 



" Cart. 86, 13, 14, Abbiae de Thornton. " Qui est abb. de Thorn, lib. consue. Cart. 88, 35. -^ 89, 24, 25. 
^ John, son of Simon de Humbleton, grants to Dns. John Horsington, and Dns, W. de Roppeslay, chaplins, 
1 me.s. and 26 acres of land here, which Richard their uncle lately held, Cart, 212, 42, &c. 
* Robt. Wealsbie's evidences. 



64 



HUMBLETON. 



Eliz. wifeorJno. 

Barker, of Loutb, 

Com. Line. 



DoToihv, wife of 
Wm. Moore, of 
London. 



of Humbleton, Esq. 
ob. in 1G57 



OD,=Eliz. dtr. of George 



EUz. wifeofRd. 

Peacock, of 
Scarbro". 



Richard Thompson, Esq. of=A 



chant at Scarbro*, and 
bought the rectory of Kil- 
ham of Sir Timothy Hut- 



p, Esq. 



Frances, wife of 
Wm. Thorn- 
ton, of Hull. 



Stephen Thompson, of Hu 



Christopher, or=9arah, daughter of 
Scarbro", 2nd James Boyes, of 
SOD. Whitby. 



William Thompson,— Frances, daugh. of Henry Elizabeth, wife of Chas. Juliana, 



of Humbleton, Esq. 



1665; ob. inl69L 



Frances, wife < 



Barnard, Esq. ; mar- 



Tzabel. 

Sarah. 
Maigaret. 



Francis Thorapson= Arabella, 
of Humbleton, 
Esq. M.P. for 
Scarbro" ; obiit. 



terand Henry Thomp- 

neiressoi oir Edmd. son, aged eight 

Alleyn, of Hatfield years in It65, 

Feverill, in Essex ; of Lincoln's 

remarried to Geo. Inn. 
Howard, of Norfolk, 



Stephen, who died s. p., 
Arabella, w. of * ♦ Hotham, 
and Eliz. married to Cap. 
Delabane. One ped. omits 



died, 1702, of Jno. Avery, and died at 
In India, Harebill, in Suffolk, s. p. 



I Thompson, of Humbleton, Esq. member for Scarbro' 



n'illiam Thompson, Esq. = Daughter of 
buried at H. :?Oth May, I 
1756; died at Beverley. 



.2Jth March, 1746; died at. 



"William Thomw 



buried at Humbleton 



^Frances, daugh. of Wm. Jane.daughterand=Sir Henry Thomp-: 



■^Susannah, daughter 



Wm. Belt, Esq.; 



Richard Thompson, Esq. 



Mrs. Frances Swann, daugh. 



Swann, of Hull; married 
17th Jan. 1671 : buried at 
Escrick, 4th July, 1697 ; 



Graoge.and Kilberley Hall, 



Sir Jno. Lowther, of Low 



Frances, wife of Leonard 



; of Peregrine Wentworlh, Esq ob. s. p. 30th Aug. 1809. 



r Beckwith,_Paul Beilby Thompson, of Eskrick. Esq.=Sarah, daughter of Richard I 

T. ] ob. 27th, and there buried 30th July, 175U, I and widow of Sir Darcy E 

aged C-1 years; high sheriff 1730 or I. York ; buried at Eskrick. 



June, 1799. 
for Thirsk. 



i:iizabeth • • • died I9th Richard 1 

Oct. 1818, mt. 78; bur. succeeded his brother 

ai Broadwater. Co. at Escricke ; died 1820, 

Sussex, — Dallaway's 12th Sept. i 
History of Susses. 



Jane Thompson, succeed-=Sir Robert Lawley, bart. 



Sir Robert Lawley, b 



Paul Beilby Lawley Thompson, of 
'and custos rotul" of the East-Riamg oi 
dated May, 1839, Baron Wenlock, of W 
Thompson by royal license, 27th Sept. 
1st June, 18.19, re-assumed his paternal 
to, and before that of Thompson ; and I 
Lawley only. 



of Escricke. Esq. 



1 178t ; lord lieut.=Honourable Caroline, dtr, u 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



65 



2 Robert Neville Lawley. born Aug. 30, 1819. 

3 Jane Lawley, bom &th Dec. 1820. 

4 Stephen Willoughby Lawley, bom ■Ith April, 



Francis Charles Lawley, 1 
yearly r 



In the Harr. Bib. 2262. is the docquet of a discharge to Wm. Thompson, Eiq. from the arrears of 
the manor of Humbleton, and other lands in the Co. York ; intended by King C. II. to have I 
ancestors having granted to the said king the scite of Scarhi-u' Cattle, which was not effectually 
by Lord Treasurer Godolphin, and sealed 19th March, 1706-7. 



. reserved by King James \. for 
in con'son of Mr. Thompson's 
LB in the letters patent. Signed 



The Church was given to the abbat and convent of Thornton-upon-Humber, in the 
county of Lincoln, and afterwards was appropriated to it by Walter Grey, abp. of York, 
and was confirmed by Hamo, dean and chapter, accordingly. On 2G April, 1348, Wra. 
abp. of York, granted license for the vicar of this church, and all the parishioners there, 
to hold the feast of the dedication of this church on the day after St. Martin, in the winter, 
which was before held on the morrow after St. Bartholomew, and so fell in the harvest, 
which was inconvenient. — Torfs Pecid. Discharged, p. 1488. 
LIST OF INCUMBENTS. 



Instituted. 


Incumhents. 


Patrons. 


Vacated hy 


6 ides October 


1302 


Dns. We. de Swannerland, Pbr. 


Ab. &Con. de Thornton 




7th cal. January 


1308 


Dns. Jobs, de Humbleton, Pbr. 


the same 










Dns. Symon Sterne 


the same 




Mort. 


25th January 


1349 


Dns. Rob. de Lynwood de Mes- 
singham, Cap. 


the same 




Kesig. 


7th March 


1352 


Dns, Hugo de Garton, Pbr, 


the same 




Mort. 


•23rd April 


1355 


Dns. Jobs, de Sledmer vel Sledon 
Cap. 


the same 




the same 


4th December 


1474 


Dns. John de Burton, Presb. 


the same 










Dns. John Page, Pbr. 


the same 




Resig. 


22nd April 


1421 


Dns. Nicolas White de Humble- 
ton, Pbr. 


the same 




Mort. 


I4th March 


1446 


Dns. John Robinson 


the same 




the same 


20th December 


1450 


Dns. John Quintin, Pbr. 


the same 






24th February 


1482 


Dns. Rob. Benyngworth, Cap. 


Abp. per lapsum 




the same 


2nd November 


1505 


Dns. Rob. Fletcher, Pbr. 


Ab. & Conv de Thornton 


Resig. 


14th May 


1516 


Dns. Ws. Mybin, Pbr. 


the same 




Mort. 


14th November 


1538 


Dns. Robt. Hull, alias Thomson, 


JobnHamsom.p.h 


. v.by 


the same 






Pbr. 


grant from Ab. 
ofThornton 


<Con. 








Thos. Thompson (per Mackley) 


Edw. Brown, p. h 


v.by 








a legatee under the will of Sir 


grant from Ab. & Con. 








J. Constable, kt. 


of Thornton 






24th October 


1577 


John or George Broke, CI. 


Elizabeth 




Resig. 



66 



HUMBLETON. 



Instituted. 


Incumbents. 


Patrons. 


JWatedby 




Ult March 


1581 


Edw. Baker, CI. 


Elizabeth 


Resig. 




29th July 


1584 


Xr. English, CI. 


the same 


Mort. 




23rJ April 


1591 


W. Lowson, CI. 


the same 


Resig. 




29th July 


1592 


Thos. Hall 


the same 






12th May 


1606 


Wm. Humphrey, CI. 


Jacobus Rex. 


Cession 




21 St March 


1607 


Thos. Watkinson, M. A. 


the same 


the same 




26 July 


1613 


John Watkynson, B. A. Here 
Torr ends. 


Abp. Ebor. 







1761 



Parish Register. 
John Smithson, vicar, occurs in 

1654. 
John Fenwick, app. in 1665. 
Ben. Hardy, app. curate in 1673. 
Th. Xr. Sollet, in 1686. 
Thomas Thompson, buried 15th 

Mar. 1 725-6, after serving the 

cure 30 years. 
John Brown, senr. 1726, by the 



Put in by the Abp. 



John Brown, junr." 
These two per Ab. Sharp's book, 
117. 

On the death of the last Mr. Brown, the living of Humbleton remained vacant until the spring of 1789. 
during which time the duties were performed by the neighbouring clergy.' 

1789 I Rev. — Aked 1 j Death 

1792 Jonathan Dixon'' Lord Chancellor | the same 

I832|j. Jadis I the same Present Incumbent 

The net income £230 per annum. 

Testamentary Bdrials.— 28th Nov. 1471.— Isabel, rehct of Thomas Grimston, w. p. 9th Dec. 24th 
Sep. 1479.— Thomas Grimston, Flinton, w. p. 20th Oct. 7th Jan. 1485.— Nich. Grymston, rector, Good- 
muudham, w. p. 21st Jan. in the chapel yard. 2nd October, 1505.— Rt. Benyngburgh, vicar, w. p. 17th Oct. 
in the quire. 2nd Feb. 1617.— Wm. Kendale, Fidlin, w. p. 3rd May. 

^ The Rev. John Brown, the younger, was M. A. of Trinity Coll. Cambridge, and had taken his degree in 
1742. He was rector of Hilston, and a man of considerable literary attainments. It is said that he succeeded 
his father in the vicarage of Humbleton, without either presentation or induction, but as he inherited the name 
and profession of his father, it should seem that he and the public thought it only natural that he should 
inherit the promotion also. He was accidentally killed by a fall from his horse whilst returning from Wyton, 
where he had dined with Capt. Raines. 

" Extract from the register, in the writing of the Rev. Jonathan Di.xon. " This gentleman was universally 
respected ; his church preferments are mentioned in Burton Pidsea, p. 38. 




HWMBIL3S T®S^ SSUmSH , 




-% 



t - I !l I (ill 1 



.1 



4. 




©^r caKUBieia: 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 67 

The Fabric is dedicated to St. Peter, and consists of a nave, with north and south 
aisles, a chancel and south aisle, or chantry, and tower at the west end. It is a handsome 
edifice. Exterior. — The tower may be considered one of the best proportioned in 
Holderness, and is of three stages, with angle buttresses of five set offs ; these were 
ornamented with pinnacles, the fastenings of which only remain. In the lower stage of 
the west front is a large pointed window of three lights, with perpendicular tracery in the 
head ; in the second stage, two apertures ; in the third, the belfry window, of two lights, 
and quatre foiled ; each of the other faces has a belfry window, &c. ; it is finished with a 
neat battlement of stone. The tower is built of cobbles, the buttresses and basement of 
stone. The nave has four pointed clerestory windows, each of two lights, with a neat battle- 
ment, the east end rising into an apex. The south aisle has double buttresses, at the south 
east angle ; at the east end a depressed arched window of four lights, of perpendicular 
tracery. There are five other buttresses, with a basement moulding running round all 
of them ; an angle buttress at the south-west corner. The two eastern divisions made by 
the buttresses are larger than the others f they contain two depressed arched windows, 
like to that at the east end of the aisle, the other two are of similar character but less in 
size. A modern porch occupies another division, the front chiseled like rusticated stone, 
out of character with the building ;'* the inner door large, plain, pointed, with several 
mouldings. A square-headed window, west end of south aisle, with two plain mullions, 
and a door broken through the wall. At west end of aisle a square-headed window of two 
lights ; this end is separated from the aisle internally, and has been used as a school room. 
The crooked chimney, which is seen disfiguring the clerestory, rises from this place. The 
aisle has a plain parapet. The aisle leaded ; the nave slated ; the clerestory and aisle, 
this side, built of hewn stone. The north aisle window, at west end, same as south aisle, 
angle buttresses ; and three others with basement mouldings. Three pointed windows, 
two of three lights, and one sashed ; a plain, pointed, north door occupies the remaining 
division. There is a window at the east end like the rest. South side chancel, cobbles, 
double buttresses ; at the corner, a door and a square-headed window, it has been of two 
lights, but the muUion is gone. Some of the upper parts have been repaired with brick. 
North side : — -double buttresses ; a pointed window, of two lights, with a drip stone ; also, 
a narrow lancet window, the only one in the fabric. East end, merely a plain square- 
headed window of three lights, no tracery. A good cross flory on the gable end, or apex 
of the roof, which seems to have been higher. 

Interior. — The aisles are separated from the nave by four octangular piers, with plain 
capitals, and five arches ; those at the west end are under the tower, which has been open 

" This is noticed to prevent the perspective being considered incorrect. ^ Over the porch, on a stone, 

Rob. Raines, Michael Webster, Jno. Surapner, Rob. Smith, churchwardens, 1744. 

VOL. II. L 



DO HUMBLETON. 

to the nave and aisles. A circular turret projects from one of the piers supporting the 
tower, containing a winding staircase for ascending to the top. The nave is ceiled, and 
has a neat cornice running round. At the west end, a small gallery, for the singers." 
The arch at west end to tower, higher and more lancet shaped than the rest. The pulpit 
stands on four neat wooden pillars, in the centre, under the chancel arch, which is pointed. 
The font, west end of south aisle, of plain octangular shaped free stone. Chancel open 
to the rafters, which is lower than the top of the archway to the nave. 

The central light of the east window is closed with boarding, and is occupied with a 
well executed oil painting, of the transfiguration, from Raffael, by Miss Ann Dixon, 1816, 
presented by her to the parish church of Humbleton. 

Remarks. — There is an archway on the south side of the chancel, closed up, except a 
door which opens into a side aisle or chantry (now the vestry room). In it are two floor 
stones, with the marks of brasses, which have probably been those of priests, from the 
shape of the outline. This vestry is a prolongation of the south aisle, and two of the 
large windows light it. The following stained glass was formerly in existence, but has 
been long since destroyed : — Or, a chevron Gules — Stafford, D. of Buck. ; Barry of six, 
(3r a B. — Constable, of Burton ; B. a cross fleuree voided A. — Melton ; A. a cross G. 
cSf A. a cross G. — England ; A. 3 clubs (like) in pale S. South window — B. 3 escucheons 
G. bordured Gebonee or 3 * * * ; Ermine, on a bend B. 3 trefoils slipped Or. ; Barree 
wavee of fower, B. & A. in base of the first a pale ; Holme — Quart by 1 Barree of Six, 
Or. ; Wastneys — Bon a Cant, A. a rose G. ; Twyer — 2 B. a Lion rampt. A. 3 as 2 fess, 
C. a cross verry. 

On each side of the east window of the chancel is a square recess, probably for the 
aumbry ; and there seems to have been a water drain in the usual situation, but plastered 
up. The west end of the north aisle is also separated, and used as a lumber room ; from 
this separation only four arches appear on each side the nave, the fifth being concealed 
and built up on each side. The church is calculated to hold 300. 

In the cliancel are five mural marble monuments, on the north wall this : — James Shutt, who departed this 
life 24 Feb. 1787, je. 65 years; and Ann his wife, who d. this life 17 of Jany. 1785, se. 48 yrs. ; and also, 
Mary, their dr. who d. this 1. 23 of June, 1785, Si. 17 yrs. Also, James Shutt, Esq. son of J. & A. .Shutt ; he 
died the 24 Dec. 1800, eb. 36 yrs. 

On the east wall— Sacred to the m. of Rd. Weatherill, who d. this 1. May 14, 1821, cE. 81 yrs. ; also Ann, 
his wife, who d. July 8, 1822, eb. 72. — To the memy. of the Rev. John Brown, late rector of Hilston, minister 
of Humbleton and Garten, who died Dec. 10, 1787, ae. 59 yrs.; also, Joanna, his wife, who d. April 16, 
1824, se. 87 years. 

" Inscription— This loft was erected A. d. 1791 ; R. Jackson, C. Johnson, J. Atkinson, and W. Creasser, 
churchwardens. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 69 

On south wall— Sacred to the m, of Benjamin Metcalf, who d. this 1. Feb. 24, 1800, oe. 54 years.— Sarah, the 
dr. of Mr. Geo. Shutt, the wife of Benj. Metcalfe, d. March 4, 1791, ee. 59 yrs and was buried in this choir. 
She was the mother of 13 children, 4 of whom died in their infancy. 

In the north aisle is a half-length effigy, of white marble, placed on a marble bracket, with a cherub's head 
at the bottom. It is less than tlie natural size, and is in full relief; his hands are clasped in prayer, and he is 
dressed in a ruff and beard, and has a municipal gown of office on him. On the bracket is inscribed — " Effigies 
Gvlielmi Thompson de Scarbrough,'' in Eoman capitals. 

Near the above is a marble mural monument — Near this stone are interred William Thompson, of Scarbrough, 
and Francis, his sou and heir, who left two sons besides daughters. Stephen, the eldest, rests near his father ; 
from Hichard, the other son, are descended the several families near York and Kilham. Stephen left two sons, 
William and Stephen. William is buried in this place (after having had the honoiu" to serve the town of 
Scarbrough many years in parliament), together with his eldest son Francis, who is interred near him. Francis 
left only oue son, WiUiam, by Arabella, sole daughter of Sir Edmund Alleyn, bart. of Essex, who, from a due 
regard to the memory of his ancestors, erected this monument. 

The communion plate of this ohurch is exceedingly handsome, and fi-om the following 
entry in one of the parish books, appears to have been the gift of pious and conscientious 
members of the church of England :^A.D. 1758, Mr. Robert Raines, of Fitling, gave 
an handsome silver salver for the flaggon, given by Mrs. Arabella Thompson, to stand 
upon. Mrs. Arabella Thompson was the daughter and sole heiress of Sir Edwd. Alleyn, 
of Hatfield Peverell, in Com. Essex, and wife of Francis Thompson, of Humbleton Hall, 
Esq. In her widowhood she married Lord George Howard, third son of Henry first 
Duke of Norfolk ; she died s. p. 6th March, 1720-1. 

Charities. — Francis Heron, by will, dated 20th Jan. 1718, devised all his houses and lands, in Flinton 
and Sutton Ings, unto his wife for life ; and, after her decease, he willed and devised the same for the purposes 
of charity. The testator's widow died in 1374, when the churchwardens of Humbleton took possession of 
the estates, in which they continued till 1742. But Thomas Heron having claimed, as heir at-law, a suit was 
afterwards brought at the relation of the attorney-general, and the will was established, and the estate was 
ordered to be conveyed to six trustees ; and in May, 1790, the premises became vested in Sir Robert Darcy 
Hildyard, bart. and four other trustees. The rents were received by the trustees half-yearly, and weie applied 
as follows: — £1. a-year is paid to the minister of Humbleton, for preaching a sermon on the Sunday after the 
testator's funeral ; £20. a-year to the schoolmaster of Humbleton, for instructing eighteen poor children 
nominated by the trustees, six from each of the townships of Flinton, Sutton, and Humbleton. At the time 
of the commissioners report, there were two other small townships which it was in contemplation should be 
benefitted from the charity, and the master's salary be augmented. The residue of the rents were applied in 
apprenticing poor children belonging to the townships of Fitling, Flinton, and Humbleton. Children of both 
sexes were put out on application to the trustees, and premiums of five guineas for the boys, and three guineas 
for the girls, were given. These allowances are also made to children of either sex, on going to service, when 
there are no children to put out apprentice.^ 

The site upon which the present school-house is built was given by Lord Hotham for 
the purpose, but was most unhappily chosen, as the building agrees in architectural design 
neither with the vicarage-house nor the church, although between both. 
" Char. Com. Reports, vol, 9, 765. 



70 HUMBLETON. 

The churchyard is elevated and bounded by hedges. There are no interments on the 
north side, except a space enclosed by iron railing, where the late Rev. Jonathan Dixon 
and his wife are buried. There is no monument, but shrubs and evergreens are growing 
within it. 

The hall was demolished after 1 789, the year Mr. Dixon became vicar ; and much of 
the materials were employed in building a house, at Carlton, by Mr. Dodsworth, which 
in its turn was taken down, and the materials again used by Sir T. Constable, at Rige- 
mont, about 1822. Humbleton Hall stood at the south-west of the church, and not very 
far distant from the present vicarage-house. 

The Shuttes of Humbleton were a family of much respectability, and resided at a 
large house called Humbleton Hall, which, together with about GOO acres of land, were 
devised by the last male of the family to his godson, James Bell, of Beverley, Esq. major 
in the army. 



■ H. gent. Ob. blh May, 1771, at. 63„Sarah, daughter of • • • ob. Dec. 21, 1779. set. 



James Sbutte, of H. Esq. ob. CKlebs, 

The manor and township are co-extensive, amounting to 1470 acres. The principal 
proprietors are Lord Hotham, M.P. Robert Bell, Esq. and John Lovitt, Esq. intrust for 
the late Galen Haire, Esq. The manor is freehold. The vicarage, five farm houses, the 
school-house, ten cottages, and seven, also the property of the parish, erected on the 
waste, form the entire village. The country is undulating, and well wooded ; there are 
some fine trees about the vicarage. 

Grange/lead is a farm, anciently so called, and was probably the Grange of the monks 
of Thornton for their steward, according to the prevalent custom of such religious houses, 
when the possessions were situated at a distance from the monastery. It is now called 
Humbleton Grange. 

Moorhouae is another farmstead so called. Humbleton Moor lies to the west of the 
village, and extends towards Lelley. 

DANTIIORP. — Danethorpe is returned as a soke of Wilfornes, containing 2 carucates and 6 oxgangs ; 
also as a berewick in the Middle Hundred, belonging to St. John de Beverley. In Danetorp one carucate of 
land to be taxed. Land to 1 plough. There is one hordar there. Temp. H. I. — John de Danthorpe gave to 
Alicia, relict of Wm. de Merfleet, all which Adam his son had given, and half a bovate to Alicia, daughter of 
the said Alicia, in Danthorpe. 

This is the first notice of any transaction after the survey. 

Temp. II. III. — The abbat and convent of St. Martin's Albem' gave, inter alia, one bovate of land, with its 
appurtenances, in Danthorpe, to Adam, lord of Merfleet, son of Wm, de Danthorp, in fee, which he had of 
the gift of the aforesaid Wm. father of the aforesaid Adam.» 9 E. I.— John de Danthorpe held, in Pundagh 

» Mid. Bail. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 71 

and Dantborpe, 3 carucates and 6 oxgangs, by the rate of 48 carucates to tbe knt.'s fee.'' 9 E. III. — Johan 
who was wife of Robert de Headon, held, the day in which she died, half the manor of Dantborpe, with its 
appert. a toft, called Dundraugh Tofte, 5 bovates and half land, a windmill, and 12d. rent issuing out of a toft 
and bovate, and 6d. rent out of 1 toft and 1 bovate, and Id. rent out of 1 toft, and Id. out of 1 toft and 1 
bovate of land, of the king in capite as of the hon. of Alb. by military service, and doing suit at the wapen- 
take court every three weeks ; and he held as above a moiety of the manor of Pundagh, with its apperts. and 
2 bov. and half of land there, in the same ferm, and held tliere a penny rent out of 1 mess, and one and a half 
bovate of land, and 2s. rent for a wood, and 15d. rent for half a toft, all which she held of the king in capite, 
per serv. mil. doing suit as above.'' 33 H. VIII. — John Wright held the manor of Danthorp, and lands there 
and in Oustwick, of the king, as of his manor of Burstwick, per serv. mil." Temp. Eliz. — Robt. Wright, of 
Ploughland, Esq. held the manor, with 4 mess. 5 closes, and 16 bovates of land, and one windmill, kc. of the 
king, &C.'' Temp. Jac. — Robert Thorp held this manor, 3 mess. 2 cott. 2 windmills, 200 acres arable, .50 
acres of meadow, 100 acres of pasture, 40 acres jamp. and brut, and 4sh. rent here, of Henry Constable, knt. 
as of his manor of Burstwick, per serv. mil. Wm. son and heir, aet. 30."= 15 James — Wm. Thorp held tbe 
manor, 3 mess. 3 cott. 1 windmill, 200 acres arable, 100 acres meadow, 40 acres " jampnorum and bruer'," and 
4sh. rent, as above, &c. by the same service.'' WiUiam Thorp sold this place, in 1751 or 2, to Mr. Roger 
Hall, who sold it to the father of Sir Henry Etherington ; in 1753, it passed by will to the Countess of Coventry 
niece to the said Sir Henry, who held the whole village, excepting about 30 or 40 acres belonging to St. John's 
and Clare Hall, Cambridge. It should be remarked, that St. John's Coll Cambridge, had in this lordship 
115 acres, bought by the college of John Lambert the elder, 22 H. 'VIII. who purchased it of Wm. Thorp. 
This was the first estate which the coll. let on lease, according to the form prescribed by an act of parliament, 
18 Eliz. ; ^ the rent was at that time £3. 6s. 8d. all of which was to be paid in money. But it is recorded in 
the memorandum, that the rent was then altered by reason of the statute alluded to, by virtue whereof the 
third part of the rent, at least, was to be paid in corn, at the rate of 6s. 8d. for a quarter of wheat, and 5sh. 
for a quarter of malt; the rent was therefore fixed at £2. 4s. 2d. in money, 3 qrs. wheat, and 4 bushels of 
malt. The estate continued to be let in the same form, except that to the money rent of £2. 4s. 2d. the sum 
of £8. was added by the coll. ; it is on account of the statute referred to, the rents of college estates were par- 
celled out. At a period when the subject of the corn laws has created such clamour, the following curious 
quotations may not be considered uninteresting : — The act 18 Eliz. ch. 6, directs, that one-third of the old rent 
then paid should for the future be reserved in wheat or malt ; reserving a quarter of wheat for each 6s. 8d. or 
a quarter of malt for every 5sh. ; or that the lessees should pay for the same according to the price that wheat 
and malt should be sold for in the market next adjoining to the respective colleges, on the market day before 
the rent became due. This is said to have been an invention of Lord Treasurer Burleigh, and Sir Thomas 
Smith, then principal secretary of stale, who observing how greatly the value of money had sunk, and the price 
of all provisions risen, by the quantity of bullion imported from the new-founded Indcs (which eflects were 
likely to increase to a greater degree) , devised this method for upholding the revenues of colleges. Their 
foresight and penetration has in tliis respect been apparent, for though the rent, so reserved in corn, was at first 
but one-third of the old rent of half of what is still received in money, yet now the proportion is nearly 
inverted, and the money arising from corn rents is, comraunibus annis, almost double the rents reserved in 
money.'' 20th Aug. 1751. — Danthorp was thus advertized : — A manor-house, stables, barn, pigeon-house, 

" Kirby's Inq. " Ilarl. MS. No. 708. ' Ridley, 4, 9, B. " Ridley, 4, 1 1, C. 

' Ibid, 4, 25. "^ Ridley, 4, 31. ^ See the restriction with respect to college leases, 18 Eliz. chap. 6. 

" Biackstone, 8vo. 5 Edit. 2 vol. p. 322. 



72 UUMBLETON. 

&c. with several farms in the town ; the whole let at £300 per annum. A good bed of marie on the premises 
N.B. it was enclosed in 1735 ; the whole freehold, save £40 per annum, which is leasehold. lu 1789, Sir H. 
Etherington held the college lands and a farm-house on lease, renewable every seven years ; term, 21. A 
small farm, of £10. per ann. belongs to Sir Ch. Ilotham, late Thompson's, of Ilumbleton.* The Countess of 
Coventry is the present lady of the manor, and principal proprietor. Lord Ilotham 9 acres of land, and a 
composition of lOld. an acre in lieu of tithes ; and the other proprietor, Richard Lawson, holds in right of 
his wife. St. John's Coll. still possess a homestead, of 109 acres. The Countess of Coventry holds it as 
formerly, by a 20 years lease, renewable every 7 years. The lands mentioned as belonging to Clare Hall 
immediately adjoin, they are not in the township, but are situated in that of Owstwick 

There are no particular customs belonging to this manor. The late Sir Henry Etherington held a manor 
court once in three or four years ; but there has been only one court held since his death, viz. 1823. 

The court is held in Danthorpe Hall, the residence of John Collins, Esq. The hall 
has nothing particularly deserving of notice, merely shewing a little ornamental brick 
■work at the ends. There are about 720 acres of land in the township. 

ELSTERNWICK.— Asteneuuic, a soke of 4 carucates belonging to the manor of Chilnesse. A name 
derived, no doubt, from its Saxon possessor. "^ 

This manor has continued in possession of the Lords of the seigniory to the present 
day. It will subsequently be seen, however, that there was at Elstonwick, for it is variously 
written, a manor independant of that belonging to the Lord Paramount. 

There are thirty-two oxgangs, thus described in 1 7G6 : 1 oxgangs of copyhold, held of the manor of Burst- 
wick; 20 copyhold, held of the manor of Elsternwick, of which Charles Anderson Pelham, Esq. is lord ; and 
2 freehold ; total, 32. The oxgangs contain about 28 acres each upon an average ; viz 12 acres in each arable 
field, and four acres of meadow ground in the ings. The above mentioned ten oxgangs are all copyhold in 
bondage, and pay an annual rent to the lord, of 13 shillings and four pence each. The oxgangs in this town- 
ship are known by number, and the ten oxgangs held of the manor of Burstwick are as follows : the— eighth 
oxgang, ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, fourteenth, fifteenth, eighteenth, nineteenth, and twenty-second. The 
office of pennygrave in this township is executed by oxgang, in rotation, according to the above order, and the 
fifteenth o.xgang came into the course of graving in 17G6. Here are messuages, half-messuages, and cottages ; 
the copyhold rent whereof varies."^ 

The other manor, above alluded to, is mentioned as early as Ihe 9th of E. II. as being in the hands of Simon 
de Pateshull, Rob. de Hedun, and the Countess of Cornwall. A writ, issued 24 E. III. to Peter de Grymsby, 
the king's escheator, within the liberty of Holderness, commands that he should take the fealty of Wm. de Pate- 
shull, son and heir of John de Pateshull, deceased : — " de viginti & uno toft & viginti bovat t're cum p'tin' in 
Elstanwyk q'd idem Joh'es tenuit in d'm'co ut de feodo de Joh'i fil' hered' Ed'i nup' comitis Kane' def q' de 
R. tenuit in capite infra Etatem & in Custodia R'x Existente ut de hereditate Mich'i de Stoteville de Cottyng- 
ham p' s'vicium mil' & accepta securitate S^c." B} an inquisition, post mortem, held at Beverley, 4 Mar. S 
H. IV. on the death of Robt. Todenham, it was found that the said Robert held in the village and fields of 
Elstanwyk, near Burstwyk and Humbleton, 23 mess, and 25 bovates of land, with their appurtenances, of 
Edmund, Earl of Kent, as of his manor of Cottingham, by knt. service, which are worth 66s. and 8d. ; and 
that the above Robert died, seized of the above lands, on St. John the Evangelist's day. 7 H. IV. Robert, his 

» A " Elstan, Bondus Thoraldi vir. Lincoln. Dodsworth, 306, 6, 28. "^ 5IS. B. C. Lib. 

" Abb. Rot. Grig. 2 vol. p. 210. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 73 

SOU and heir.aged 14 years, and the custody of him granted by the king to Sir Henry Tiptoft, knt. and valued 
at 20 marks.* 

30 II. VIII. John Oversall held the manor of Elstanwick, alias Turidenham, with its appurtenances, of the 
king, as of his manor of Burstwyk, by the service of the custody of the castle of Burstmyk.^ 

In the reign of Ehzabeth, Michael Warton, by his fealty, held the manor of Elstanwick, called Tudenham, 
and 1 cap. mess, there, 300 acres of arable land, 100 acres of meadow, and 200 acres of pasture, with their 
appurtenances in Elsternwick, as of the manor of Burstwyk, by military service.'^ 

The manor of Elsternwick, belonging to Mr. Warlon, was also styled the manor of Tudenham and Oversall, 
from the names of its previous owners. By the act of parliament which was obtained in 1773, for a partition 
and division of the property of the late Sir Michael Warton, kut., the part noted in the 6th schedule of that act 
is thus described : — 

" In Elstonwick or Elstronwick, one garth and five pieces of garths, and several pieces or parcels of arable, 
meadow, and pasture lands, lying dispersed in the open fields and ings, containing together 91 acres, 1 rood, 19 
perches, or thereabouts, in the several occupations of Thomas White, Wm. Norgraves, and John Bell, valued 
to be worth per annum, £30. 10s. ; copyhold rents and fines, valued at £20. 2s. |d." It became as part of 
the 6th schedule, the property of Lord Yarburough, then Charles Anderson Pelham, Esq. 

The following extracts are taken from a M. S, relating to the Court Baron of Elsternwick : — Ap. 18, 1648, 
John Bell, grandchild to Jane Bell, to him and his heirs, by surrender from Jane Bell, conditional that the said 
John Bell do mayntaine the said Jane with meate, drynke, and cloathes, and all other necessary for a woman 
of her condition. The name of Bell very frequently occurs in the hst of surrenders, from 1648 to 1720. 

The first Court Baron of Michael Warton, Esq. Lord of the said manor, was holden 20th Dec. 1655, before 
Robert Bethel, gent, steward. This lord and his steward continue to 1688. 20 Dec. 1655, the names of such 
treeholders, copiholders, and other tenants and resi'ants as owe suit and service to the same courc of Elstron- 
wicke, and did attorne tenants to Michael Warton, Esq. Lord of the same mannour, by deliveringe a peece of 
money to the steward for his use, the day and year abovesaid. 

John Bawson 4d. Thos. Sampson .. .. Id. Wm. White, elder .. .. Id. 

H.Newton 4d. Bob. Constable .. .. Id. John Bell Id, 

Geo. Gedney Id. AVm. Nettleton .. .. Id. Rob. Carvill Id. 

Henry Gedney Id. David Groundrill .. .. Id. Sus. Gedney Id. 

Jaine Rawson, widd Id. Eliz. Meeke, widd. .. Id. Wm. White, Jun Id. 

Fr. Taverner Id. Rich. White Id. Wm. Younge Id. 

Jaine Bacchus Id. John White 2d. 

John Ombler Id. Rob. Storye Id. 

Sep. I, 1689, Mr. John Bell paid in p', Mr. Fotherby p'. Sir Michael Warton p', fine £12. and p'mised Mr. 
Fotherby if it could be made appear that copyhold land in Elstronwick gave above 4 lb. p' oxgang, he would 
pay Sir M. W. 41b. more p' this fine.'' The following lords and ladies of the manor are preserved : — Sir Wm. 
Pennyman, Bart., Michael Newton, Esq. Chs. Anderson Pelham, Esq. 1764;" Michael Newton, Esq. 1777; 
Susannah, Countess Dowager of Oxford, and Countess of Mortimer, 1804 ; Susannah Iloublon, wd. and 
Gillery I'iggott, Esq and Charlotte, his wife, 1810; Thomas Thompson, Esq. 1816; J. V. Thompson, Esq. 
1830. The last-named gentleman succeeded his father, formerly M.P. for Medhurst, and a banker in Hull, 
and is the present lord. There are no particular rights or customs belonging to the manor. The courts are 
held at the house of Thos. Wheldale, in the village ; Charles Frost, Esq. solicitor, of Hull, steward of the 
same. 

» Burton M. S. vol. III. Esch. H. IV. " Ridley, 4, 54. ' Ridley. 4, 65. " Penes Rev. F. R. Raines. 
^ See the act of parliament referred to, p. 484. 



74 HUMBLETON. 

The Chapelry of Elsternwick. — 10 R. II. — License in mortmain of 7 mess. 1 toft, 2 oxg. and 16 acres 
of land, 4 acres of meadow, with their appurtenances, in Hedon, Eiston, Araal, Rolleston, Elstanwick, and 
Tunstall. These lands were given by Robert Frankys, clerke to the prioress and convent of Killinge, for a 
chaplain to celebrate for Rd. de Ravenser, archdeacon of Lincoln, and John Frankys, whilst they should live, 
and for their souls after they departed this life, and for the soul of Izabclla, late countess of Bedford, &c in 
the chapel of St. Laurence, of Elsternwick, four days every week, according to the ordination of the said 
Robert, &c. 2 Calends. July, 1324. — License granted to the inhabitants, at their own costs, to have a per- 
petual chantry within the chapel of Elstanwyk three days in the week, for the celebration of masses, hallowing 
the bread and water, administering to children, and baptizing of infants, and churching of women, by a fit 
chaplain of their own. 8th July, 28 H. VIII. — The king's license was granted to consecrate the chapel of 
Elstonwyk, that the inhabitants might have divine service therein, partake of sacraments, and bury in the 
same chapel-yard thereof, bo it was consecrated accordingly.'' 

The Fabric is a small mean building, consisting of a nave and chancel, with a bell 
turret at the west end. The nave is 18, and the chancel 10 paces long, by about 6 or 7 
paces broad. The only entrance into the chapel is by a large doorway at the west end ; 
it was brought from Humbleton Hall when the chapel was repaired. It is of the Grecian 
Ionic style, with two pilasters and capitals, entablature and cornice, with 1791 cut upon 
it, the date perhaps of its erection here. The windows have been patched with brick, 
blocked up, glazed, &c. &c. The interior is neat, and ceiled ; the chancel open to the 
rafters. The arch to the chancel is pointed and singular, as springing from the floor ; 
underneath it are placed the pulpit and reading-desk. A small gallery occupies the width 
of the chapel, at the west end ; a small font is placed under it. On the north and south 
sides of the altar is a hole in the wall, intended perhaps for lockers. 

On the east wall of the nave, south of the chancel arch, are two marble mural monuments, above u pew; 
and under them is a niche, within which is a small marble slab, inscribed — John Bell, Esq. of this parish, 
gott this pew registered the 9th day of December, 17.57. Within this pew lies interred the body of John Bell, 
Esq. of this town, who departed this life the 12th of September, 178.5, aged 79 years ; and the body of Alice, 
his widow, who died the 2nd of August, 1786, aged 85 years. This monument was erected by "Wm. Geo. and 
John Bell, his surviving nephews.— A small, but grateful, tribute to the memory of William Bell, of this town, 
brother to the late John Bell, Esq. who departed this life the 22nd of September, 1787, aged 75 years. Also, 
Mary, his wife, who departed this life the 2nd July, 1788, aged 75 years. 

On the north wall of the nave, a marble mural monument — In memory of John Bell, Esq. of this place, 
who departed this life the 1st of Aug. 1809, aged 61. 

On the south wall of the nave, a neat marble mural monument — In memory of William Bell, Esq. who died 
the 4th of October, 1500, aged 54 years ; and of George John Bell, Esq. his brother, who died the 30th of 
September, 1804, aged 54 years. 

On floor stones, in the chancel — Here lieth interred the body of Elizabeth, the wife of John Bell, gent, who 
departed this life the 2nd of May, 1710, aged 71. Also, the body of Elizabeth, their daughter, who died the 
27th of May, 1755, in the 16th year of her age. — Here lieth the body of Sarah, the daughter of John and 
Frances Bell, who departed this life the 9th of September, 1785, aged 3 years.— Sacred to the memory of 
Mary Ann Bell, died Jan. 13, 1818, aged 28 years. 

^ Torre, (not certified) p. 1 192. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 75 

The arms of the Bells of Elsternmick.—Guha, three church bells, azure. The family is now extinct, 
represented by the Bells of Humbleton, an old and wealthy Holderness family. 

There are 13 headstones on the s. &c w. sides of the churchyard : 2 "Fishers;" I "Smith;" "Northgraves;" 
" Creasser;" "Simpson;"' 2 " Wrigglesworths ;" "Wheldale;" &c. 

The Fabric stands in a field-like churchyard, bounded by hedges, on the south of the village, being low 
ground without prospect. 

In the return of charitable donations, made to parliament in 1786, under the head of Elsternwick, mention is 
made of land, vested in the overseers for the benefit of the poor, by a surrender from one Henry Gedney, in 
1668. An allotment was subsequently made to the heirs of Henry Gedney, dated 7 April, 1813, who appeared 
by the court rolls to have been the last person seized of the estate. No claim having been made to the allot- 
ment, it was taken possession of by Thomas Thompson, Esq. Lord of the manor, it having escheated to him 
for want of a claimant ; he being desirous of establishing the charitable trust, conveyed the premises to trustees, 
to apply and dispose of the rents and profits, for providing and maintaining a school at Elsternwick, for the 
instruction of poor children. The rents were received by Thomas Thompson, Esq. the then acting trustee. 
The sum of £1 1. 10s. being two thirds of the amount of the rents, after outgoings, was paid to a schoolmistress, 
who, for that stipend, instructed the boys in reading, and the girls in reading, knitting and sewing. The 
children were taught in a room erected by the trustees in 1818, of whom the Rev. Jonathan Dixon was one, 
and the residue of the rent was applied in defraying the expenses incurred on that occasion.^ 

The village is retired and agreeably situated, but nothing further particularly worthy of notice. There are 
some good built houses in the place. 

FLINTON is returned in Domesday as 

A soke to Chilnesse, of three carucates and a half, and a berewick of St. John de Beverley. In Flintone six 
oxgangs of land to be taxed. Land to four oxen. Three Villanes and one Bordar have there one plough. 
The family of Scares appear to have had early possessions of this place. 

Wm. de Scures gave to the abbat of Thornton ISbovates of land, 1 perch, and 7 shillings rental, of Herbert, son 
of Elwin. '' In a charter of confirmation of the gift of Humbleton to the abbey, the above grant is confirmed by 
Richard I.' 9 E. I. Robert Hildyard is returned by Kirby as holding Flinton and Filling. There iire but 
few particulars left of the early transactions occurring here. A family of the name of Flynton seem to have 
held considerable property here : Walter de Flynton is returned as early as the reign of H. V. as one of the 21 
esquires who witnessed that Eliz. wife of John Holm, was heir to Sir R. Wasleneys. Flintons' arms : a cross 
fusille gules. The said Flynton quarters La Lalme, argent, a fess dancent, inter 6 billets, gules. 28 H. VIII. 
Geo. Flinton held a capital mess , 6 bovates, and 6 closes, in Flinton, of the heirs of Hildyard. 12 Eliz. by 
his own fealty. F.dward Flinton held lands in Flinton, 1 mess. 6 closes and 6 bovates of the queen, by military 
service."* 

In ihe reigns of Eliz. and James the names of Harryson, Thorpe, Cave and Greene, occur as holding lands 
here. In the reign of James, Marmad. Grimston held 7 mess 7 cot. 100 acres of meadow here. Wm. Dobson, 
by will, dated 25 Dec. 1661 , devises to Sybil, his wife, for the term of her life, all the lands in Flinton he bought 
of Mr. Wm. Grimston, of G. Garth, and after his decease, to his daughter Esther, and the heirs, &c. in default to 
hisdaur. Ann. wife of Henry Thompson, York, with remainder to his right heirs. = It is presumed it again 
passed into the family of Hildyard, by the marriage of Esther, daughter of the alderman, to whom it was 
bequeathed, she having married Christopher Hildyard, Esq. son and heir of Sir Robert Hildyard, of Wine- 

"^ Com. Char. Rep. vol. 9, p. 767 ; see also table in the church. '' Mid. Bail. <^ Cart. 86, 13, 14, .^c 

•^ Ridley, 5.5-6. " Miscel. endorsed 1564, in the Council Chamber, Hull. 



76 HUMBLETON. 

lead." The present lady of the manor is the widow of the late Colonel Hildyard, to whom a great part of the 
township, consisting of 1400 acres, belongs. The manor and township are co-extensive. 

In the extract alluded to in Grimston Garth, it would appear that the " Husband 
Holdings" were productive of diminished population. The following may have some 
relation to a return of the number of persons inhabiting the district where the causes of 
increase or decrease of the respective hamlets may have been particularly attended to. ; 
there are no dates to the extracts. 

Ric'us Harryson apud fflenton in d'co Estr' tenet ij Huse bounde holldings k ea de causa sunt iiij" p'aone 
minores in eaJ'm villa q'm solebant esse.*" 

Eic'us tllent' tenet in ead'm villa unu' mes' & una' Bovat' terr' & ponit in d'co mes' unus paup' homo S; ea 
de causa sunt minores p'sone ibi inh'itantes q'm solebant esse p' tres.' 

The following are a few extracts from the diary of Wm. Medley, of Flinton, gent, which is a curious and 
interesting document, illustrative of the prices of grain, and the value of money ; it commences in 1718-19," 
as follows : — 

Jan. 1, 1721-2.— Sold to Mr. Stephen Brook, of Elland, my wool, at 8s. 3d. per stone; delivered 125 stones, 
which comes to £57. lis. 3d. Jan. the 2nd day. 

May 20, 1725. — Sold to my brother, Mr. Samuel Watson, Hedon, a pair of oxen, at £12 10s. 

Feb. 4, 1726. — Bought of Mr. Newton, of Elstanwick, a brown gelding, 3 years old a week after Lammas, 
in 1725, at £7 10s. 

Jany. 4th day, anno 1722-3. — I took my tyth wooll and tyth lamb and whins, tyth of my own lands, and 
Sir Robert Hildyard's farm, and that I farm'd of Squire Thompson for 3 years, beginning at Petermass last 
past, at £3 a-year, and to pay king's assesm. besides for 3 years. 

Oct. 28, 1728. — Sold to my bror. Wright, of Headon, attorney at law, 100 whins, at 10s, ; I bought of him 
a thousand and a half of bricks, at 8s. per thousand, which cometh to £12. 10s. in all. 

Dec. 16, 1727. — Got 6 pounds of wooll spon with Ralph Pearson his wife, at 6d. per pound, and 3 pounds 
of gray at 3d. a pound, which comes to 3s. 6d. 

May U, 1728.— Bought of Mr. Thorpe, of Danthorpe, 10 ewes and 1 1 lambs, at £7. 12. 

Aug. 2, 1729 — Sold to Mr. Robt. Wright, of Carlton, 20 gimer lambs, out of what gimer lambs I have, at 
6s. 8d. a piece, to go off about St. Bartholw. Day next; received in earnest Is. 

Ap. 4 Sc 5, 1734.— I did sow 5 lands over Pithill with 1 quarter and 4 bushills of Barley, spared about half 
a peck, and I bad 113 stoukes of barley and rakings of them all, besides wh. had 15 quarters and 3 bushills. 
I sold my barley to Nicholas Foster, of Hull, at 143. a qr. Jan. 3, 1734-5. 

1720, Oct. 28.— Hired servants for the year ensuing, 1721; standing wage they are to have in all at Flinton: 

John Giles, his standing wage, and to have 2 ewes kept, fm. Lady day, 1722, to 1 May, 1721. £5 10 

Wm. Thompson, his wage, to have 4 sheep kept, for one year . . . . . . . . 6 

Robt. Burgage, his wage, 2 ewes from Exmas to 8 May, and pay for 'em . . • . . . 6 

Wm. Jackson, his wage 5 10 

Ann Parker, her standing wage .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 250 

Jane Smith, do. 1 10 

" The husband of Esther Dobson is improperly styled, in page 176, Sir Christopher; he never took the 
title, having died during the life time of his father. '' Lansdown M. S. S. No. 1, fo. 55. ' Ibid. 

'' Penes J. R. but the whole is too long for insertion. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 77 

Ales Foster, do. 15 

Stephen Linwood, do. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • • . . . • 3 5 

In addition to the charity referred to in Humbleton, of which this place participates, there is a sum of 10s. 
paid under the name of Meadley's Charity, in respect of a garth, containing an acre of land or thereabouts, 
situated at Flinton. There are no writings to shew by whom the charity was given. The money is usually 
distributed at Easter, to poor widows of the township. The village is agreeably and pleasantly situated; there 
are some respectable, substantial farm houses, and a few neat cottages, but nothing deserving particular 
attention. 

FITLING : one of the sokes belonging to the manor of Witforness. 

The manor seems to have been, at a very early period, the property of the brethren 
of the hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, 

It being granted to the prior of that society in England, for making a chantry for the souls of the Earl of 
Albemarle, and all the Lords of Burstwick." This place was also part of the fee of Scures, and subsequently 
passed to the Hildyards, 31 E. I. in libero Sucatgiorum. Robert, son and heir of Johanna, who was wife of 
Robert de Hildyard, gave 2s. 6id. to the king, for all the lands which the said Johanna held, the day in which she 
died, of the king in Capite, viz. for 12 carucates of land and 6 bovates of the fee of Scures, in villis de Riston, 
Tuustal, and Fitling.!" 9 E. II. in the Nom. Vill. Fitling is returned as in possession of the prior of St. John 
and Amand de Fitling. Nothing more until the reign of H. VII. wiien Peter, son of Robert Hildyard, grants 
a lease of the manor, 21 Jan. 15 H. VII. to Richard Ganham or Ganerham, to farm with lands, meadows, &c. 
save 3 oxgangs, for 30 years, to commence from St. Martin's feast. " 28 H. VIII. Geo. Flinton held a mess. 3 
bov. of land in Fitling, of the heirs of Hildyard. '' 12 Eliz. Edward Flinton held 1 house and 3 bovates of 
land here, " de heredibus'' of Hildyard." The manor at the dissolution must have fallen into the hands of the 
crown, and the Hildyards are supposed to have held of the prior of St John, as sub-lords. It appears, 16 Eliz. 
Thos. Grasborough held 1 mess, of the Queen, as of her manor of Fitling, late the brethren's of St. John of 
Jerusalem. Wm. Bracebridge held 1 mess. I bovate, of the queen, as of her manor of Fitling, Sec. In 1562, 
16 May, 5 Eliz it appears from the Court Rolls, that the court was held in her name ; also, 9 Oct. 1602, 44 
Ehz. it still continued to be so held. In 1662, it was again in the hands of the family of Hildyard, as appears 
by the exchange, p. 393. In 1671, the court was held in the name of Edward Truslove. who, in his will, 14 
Jan. 1677, p 1679, calls himself of Fitling, yeoman. In 1687, the manor court was held in the name ot 
Frances, his widow, and Edward, his son. The family of Storr purchased the property of this Edward 
Joseph Storr kept the court in his name until his death ; and his son Joseph the same. The court, in 1786, 
was held in the name of the widow of Admiral Storr, who also possessed the manor of Hilston, whose descent 
is given in the account of that place. It appears, from time immemorial, Fitling kept the sheriff tourn court 
of Holderness.'^ E. H. Reynard, of Sunderlandwick, Esq. is the present Lord of the Manor. 

Premises or less Note. — 8 Ric. II. Philip le Dispenser, sen. knt. appoints John, rector of the church of 
Little Golden, his attorney, to deliver seizin of his tenements in FitUng, to Robert Potlowes, of Aldburgh. 

10 Henry 5. Wm. Law, and Matilda, his wife, grant to John Taillour, of Fitling, all the lands in Fitling 
which they had of Wm. Ednale, in fee. 

12 H. VII. Richard Sproatley, alias Watson, clerk, gave Peter de Chauncey, of Waxham, and Christ. Potter, 
of Burstwick, in trust ; and the same Richard releases to the same, all his lands here. 

^ HarL MSS. No. 744. '' Ridley, 4, 59. "^ Leiger Book, at Winsted. '' Ridley, 4, 1 1 5, b. 

" From an account of the Lords holding courts, in a M.S. vol. B. C. Lib. endorsed Papers de Lib. de 
Holderness. ' B. C. Lib. 

112 



78 



HUMBLETON. 



20 H. VII. Peter Chauncey, of Waxham, in the parish of Owthorne, gave to John Chancy, son of Chancy, 
of Tunstall, deceased, all his lands here. 

21 H. VII. John Stabler, of Tunstall, and Agnes his wife, grant to Thos. Lillywhite, all their lands here. 
24 H. VII. Thomas Lellywhite sold to John Hickman, 1 mess, and 2 bovates of land in Filling, and all 

other tenements and lands which he had of the grant of John Stabler, and Agnes, his wife. 

23 H. VIII. Wra. N'ewton, gent, sold to Wm. Maunsel, of York, 1 bovate here. 23 H. VIII. AVm. Maunsel, 
of the city of York, gent, grants to Robert Hickman, half a bovate of land here. 28 H. VIII. Geo. Gower held 
40 acres of land, and 6 acres of meadow here. 12 Eliz. Edward Flinton, held 1 house and 3 bovates here, of 
the heirs of Hildyard. 13 Eliz. Wm. Ingram held 1 croft and J bovate of land of the queen here. 16 Eliz. 
Richard Hickman held 1 mess. 2 closes, and 2 bovates of land here of the queen, as of her manor. 20 Eliz. 
John Starkie, s. & h. of Wm. held 1 mess. 1 barn. 20 Eliz. Richard Hickman held 1 mess, and 2 bovates of 
land, and j an acre of meadow in Fitling, and 3 roods of the queen, as of her manor of Fitling. 22 Eliz. 
Henry Constable, knt. s. Sc h. of Sir John Constable, knt. held lands here in capite. 22 Eliz. John Starkie, 
s. & h. of Wm. held 1 mess. 1 barn, 1 orchard, 1 close, 1 croft, 1 bovate of land of the queen, as of her manor 
of Fitling. Jac. I. Alicia Hickman held 1 mess. 1 cott. 2 closes, 2 bovates and a half of land of the king. 
Richard Campanion held 1 bovate of the king per f. m. Richard Hildyard, of Ottringham, held 1 mess. 1 
close, I bovate and a half of land, of the king as of his manor here. 4 Car. I. R. Sprotes, of Fitling, by inden- 
ture, demiseth to Wm. Towle, half a bovate here, for 998 years, bond £38 for perform' of cov'. 13 Car. 
Indenture fm. Wra. Kindall to Wm. Towle, for the Inclosure of Fitling. 17 Car. Inquest says Wm. Towie 
was seized of half a bov. here. 18 Car. by inquest it was found that Eliz. Towle, widow, held 1 mess. 1 cott. 
2 closes, 2 bovates and a half of land here ; Wm. Towle their grandchild, s. of Wm. and s. &. h. of Wm. and 
Eliz. heir aged 8 years." 

The principal proprietors are E. H. Reynard, Esq. who owns most of the soil, and Sir Tatton Sykes. The 
manor consists of 1420 acres, and is co-extensive with the township. The hall is occupied by Mr. Wright, 
and has an extensive prospect. The village is pleasantly situated. 

Longborough Lane House is a farmstead, situated to the east of the village. 




The whole of the above from the Mid. Bail. 




HILSTON. 

ILSTON. — In Heldoveston and Hostewic (Owstwick) Murdoc has seven caru- 
cates of land to be taxed, and there may be seven ploughs there. Drogo now 
has it, and it is waste. Valued in King Edward's time fifty-five shillings. 

The name of the place is considerably altered from its original 
appellation. In a charter, bearing date 1272, it is called Hildof- 
ston ; it is therefore probable it derived its name from the first 
owner or cultivator. In an escheat, dated 5th Rich. [I. it is 
written Hildeston, and by an easy corruption obtained its pre- 
sent designation. 

Ill the ^d\uii s time it was worth, with Oustwick, 35s. but in Domesday that place is returned as waste, and 
uncultnated. 

10 II III. about the year 12.06, Alice, daur. of Galfrid, son of Galfrid de Vernon, released to Sir Simon 
Cou.stable, knt. all the lands which he had purchased in this lordship of her husband." 1 E. I. 1272, the 
prioress of Nunkeeliog granted to Simon Constable, knt. all the lands and tenements and villanes be held in 
this lordship of the gift of Beatrix Fribois, for other lands and tenements in the territory of Mapleton,'' 1281, 
in Kirby's Inquest this place was one of the six lordships returned in which Simon le Constable held 10 caru- 
cates of land as of the hon, of Alb. 13 E. I. 1284, the king granted to the above Sir Simon free warren here, 
and in all his other lordships. By an inquisition, 4 E. on the death of Robert de Ross, it appears that he held 
here a capital messuage, three tofts, and six oxgangs of land ; and that James was his son and heir, and of the 
age of nine years.*^ By another inquisition, held 23 E. III. John le Constable held two carucates of land in 
this lordship." By a third, taken on the death of Sir Robt. de Roos, of Gedney, knt. 5 R. II. 1382, he held 15 
tofts and 15 oxgangs of land, and three parts of one carucate, in Hilston and Oustwick.' In the year 1584, 
26 Eliz. it was found by inquest that Richard Michaelburn died seized of this manor, and the advowson of the 
rectory ; Richard, his son and heir, aged 37. By another inquest, at Weightun, 21 April, 13 Ch. I. Thomas 
Michaelburn, who died 21 May, 1632, held a moiety of this manor, and advowson of the church.'' 

The next family who seem to have possessed the manor, was that of Storr. The 
following is their table of descent. 

PEDIGREE OF STORR OF HILSTON". 

John SxonR, of Hilston, died in September. ICi?, and was there buried on lhe= 



Marmadulce Storr, died ii 



■ Hilston, gent, by will, dated 24tb_Gertrude Dirick Nison, 



I June, 1729, desires 
wire, in tl " ■ 
his lands, 
his grand! 



Oustwick and 
, John Storr; 
grandson Joseph. 



Catherine, wife of Richard Thompson, 
Esq. married at Hilston, 27th March, 
1712 ; bap. at Headon, 61h Feb. 1697, 



daughter of Barker, of Headon. 



Cart. 139. 47, B. C. Lil 
'Ibid, 4, 13&28, 



" Mid. Bail. 
' Ibid. 4. 75, i 



Ridley, 13-5. 



Joseph Storr, vicar of Easington, niairied Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Turner ; died at Hull 3rd 
March, J 744, and turied 6lb March following, in 
a vault within thealtar rails at Hilston ; she was 
there buried 5th M.y, 1713. 

The Hilston esta'e was left to Capt. Thompson, a 
rcJalion by the female line. 

•• — Isaac Storr, of Oustwick,= Rachel, wid. of J. 



John Storr, admtial of the red, bom n^S; mar- 
ried John Norrls, relict of Colonel Gordon. He 
died in Bedford -square, London. 10th Jan. 17b3, 
6. p. and was buried in Westminster Abbey, aged 



jSiorr, or=Betty 1 



Catharine, 
of^Hull.^^ 






JO; leaves a legacy to 
; Qve children of his 
1 Joseph, by will dated 



Mary Ellcrthorpe. 
and died at Dover. 



John StoiT,= Sarah Peal, 
bom at I of 

Sclby. I Bradford. 



Marmaduke Storr.^s Hannah Smith. 
of London, died I 



real Storr, of Leeds. 



f Jonathen Craven. ^John Storr, of Bradford, livir 



Isaac Storr, died at Yo 
of — unmarried ; 1 
Quakers' ground in ' 



Jonathan Storr, of t 



Joseph Storr, of Burstwicb, died aged 78 y 

Hannah Crook, of Pomfret, died 6th Sept.— John Storr, of Scale-1 
1781, buried at Oustwick. I died 10th Sept. 17 



-Rachel, daughter of John Rains, 



k ; baptized o 
I Rachel t 



, married Elizabeth, d 



Joseph Storr, of ( 



Joseph Storr. Ann, ' 



, Lunn. John Sn 



. H. Hobson. Catharine. Marraaduke. 



(A) John Storr, by will, 27th Jan. 1781, p. 16th Jan. 1783, leaves his manors and lands in Fitling, Burton 
Pidsea, Garton, Hilston and Humbleton, Patrington, Outhorne, Oustwick, Tunstall, to John Norris Storr, 
his wife, for lite ; then to Catharine Eenney, then to Mrs. Thornhill, then Geo. Wentworth Thompson, with 
remainder to Eobert Barker, cousin of the testator; the house in Bedford-square, bought of Mr. John 
Tasker, to his wife, kc. 

In 1 763, the manor, or reputed manor, of Hilston was offered for sale, with a capital 
mess, two farms, consisting of 180 acres, I rood, 34 perches, of rich meadow and pasture, 
and 19 acres of arable, let at £162. 4s. ; also, the advowson of the rectory. Mr. Storr 
was always reputed lord of the manor until Mr. Thomas Dixon purchased the estate, 
which passed to Sir Christopher Sykes, under which purchase Mr. Dixon claimed the 
manor; and after him Sir Christopher was esteemed lord, till the year 17B7, when Mrs. 
Mackrith, of Scarbro', held a review court at Aldbro', when this, with other manors, was 
by the jury given to her. It is, however, at the present time again in dispute, and con- 
sists of 530 acres of land, being co-extensive with the township. 

The Church or chapel of Hildeston is an antient rectory, belonging to the patronage 
of the family of Ruda, or Routh, knts. — Torfs East-Ridings 1615. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 

LIST OF INCUMBENTS. 



Vacated by 



15th Kal. Dec. 
6th Kal. Nov. 

6th Ides, July 
1 0th Cal. Feb. 
4th Cal. June 
4th Cal. Feb. 
1st June 



16th November 


-47 


16th April 


1332 


30th October 


1365 


20th October 


—67 


2Ist November 


-69 


10th February 


1380 


22nd August 


1409 


Ult. December 


1413 


23rd May 


-14 


11th July 


—15 


20th June 


—24 


Ult. January 


-37 


8th November 


1448 


3rd June 


1460 



28th March 
26th May 

21st July 
26th July 
28th October 
30th Decembe 



1261 Dns. Simon de Melsa 
1273 Dns. John Talan, Presb. 

i 

1301 Dns. Henry de Kendall, Subdcn. 

1302 Dns. Simon de Wra, Presb. 
1304 Dns. Robt. de North Cave, Presb 
1339' Dns. Jobs, de Ebor, Cap. 

343 Dns. John Fitz Nicolas de Gar- 
ton, Cap. 

Dns. Simon de Sunderlandwick, 
Cap. 

Dns. Robt. de Frothinghara 

Dns. Robt. Gode, Cap. 

Dns. Robt.deAltihalldeAldbro', 
Cap. 

Dns. John Coke deHatefield.Pbr. 

Dns. Thos. Gamell, Pbr. 

Dns. John Coke, Pbr. 

Dns. Ws. de Marton, Pbr. 

Dns. John Bourges, Pbr. 

Dns. Jobs. Jowardby, CI. 

Dns. Jobs, de Brouneswold, Pbr. 

Dns. Thos. Manger, Cap. 

Dns. Richd. Legate, Cap. 

Dns. Thos. Wynde, Cap. 

Dns. Thos. Beck, Pbr. 

Dns. Thos. Cotam, Pbr. 

N.B. This was vicar of Paul. 

Dns. W Hertforth, I'br. ob. 1493. 

Dns. Thos. Smyth, Pbr. 

Dns. Launcelot Smyth 



1535 



—45 
—62 



Dns. John Brown 

John Bolton, 7th March, 1558 

Dns. Jobs. Coldingley, CI, 
Jobs. Coxe, CI. 
Dns John Dringe, Pbr. 
Dns. Rd. Marston, B.A. 



Dns. Amandus de Ruda 

kt. 
the same 
the same 
the same 

Amandus de Ruda, mil. 
the same 

the same 

the same 
the same 
the same 

the same 
the same 

Sir John Routh, kt. 

the same 

the same 

the same 

the same 

the same 

John Routh, Esq. 

the same 

the same 



W. Fitz W. kt guardian 
of John Cults, Esq. 

Ellerker de Risby, p. h. v. 
L Michaelbourn, gent, 
and Thos. D. Esq. 

the same 
the same 

Rd. Mickleburn, of Nes- 
ted Kaines, in Sussex 



Resig. 
Mort. 
Resig. 



Mort. 
the sai 



Resig. 



the same 
the same 
Mort. 

Resig. 
the same 



Mort. 
the same 
the same 

the same 
the same 



R«sig. 
Mort. 



82 



Instituted. 


Incumbents. 


Patrons. 


Facated by 


8th December 


16G0 


John Blount, B.A. 


lane Hardy 


Pro defect (subjections) 
of subscribing 


29th January 


1062 


Thos. Elyott, CI. 


the same 




12th July 


1681 James Richardson 


Archbishop 


Death 


20th January 


1713 


Robert Melling 


Rand Carlile, of Hull 


the same 


27th August 


1720 


Joshua Scot, A.B. 


the same 


the same 


12th January 


1731 


Edwd. Robinson, A.M. 


the same 




7th May 


1757 


John Brown 


Henry Mimby, p. h. v. 


the same 


25th March 


1788 John Simpson 


Sir Christ. Sykes 


the same 


llth "October 


I8I9I Christ. Sykes 


the same 


Present Incumbent. 



The church is capable of holding ninety persons only ; net income £50. 

Testamentahy Burials. — 18th Dec. 1534. — Thomas Smith, parson of Halshara, m. w. p. * * * * in the 
quire. 9th Nov. 1544. — Launcelot Smylh, parson of Halsham, m. w. p. 18th Nov. in the chancel. 9th Jan. 
1570. — Thomas Smyth, parson of Halsham, m. w. p. ult. July, 1571, in the church. 

The Fabric, dedicated to St. Margaret, is one of the smallest parish churches in 
Holderness ; being only nineteen paces long, by six or seven paces broad. It consists 
of a nave and chancel, with a wooden bell turret and vane placed on the west end of the 
roof. The south side of the nave has a low plain circular-headed Norman doorway, and 
a pointed window of two lights, cinque foiled, with a quatrefoil in the arch. On the north 
side is a corresponding fine old Norman doorway, on a double arch, with the zigzag 
moulding ; the remainder of this side is a plain bare wall. The west end has two angle 
buttresses, with four set offs, and another buttress between them, with a square sashed 
window. In the east end of the chancel is a modern sash-framed window, placed where 
a large pointed one has formerly been ; two heads remain, which terminated the dripstone. 
A quantity of ivy has grown over this end. On the south side of the chancel is the long 
lancet window, seen in the view. The roof and chancel slated. Both nave and chancel 
are built of sea cobbles, except a few brick reparations on the latter. The Interior is 
very small, and the walls discoloured with damp. A small low circular-headed arch to the 
chancel, the abacus from which it rises being five feet eight inches high. There are seven 
or eight pews, with the pulpit, in the south-east corner ; the floor brick, and the nave 
open to the rafters. The font is an oblong square granite block, hollow, for the basin 
reaches to the bottom. The wall of the chancel arch is above three feet thick ; the outer 
walls are equally solid. Its simplicity and massiveness, and Norman doorways, distin- 
guish it as an original Anglo Norman building. — (See plate.) 

In the chancel are two small marble mural monuments — To the memory of Catherine, wife of JIajor Ren- 
wick, of Hull, who died Sept. 16, 1783, aged 77. She was daughter of Justice Storr, and sister to Admiral 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 83 

John Storr. She was a loving wife, and kind mistress ; and charitable to the poor. — Sacred to the memory of 
John Storr, Esq. rear admiral of the red, who died the 10th January, 1783, aged 74. He was universally 
respected, both in his public and private character. 

There are half a dozen tombs in the churchyard, seen in the view. The churchyard 
is enclosed with hedge rows. 

The following list of proprietors is taken from the militia roll, in the year 1660, and includes the township 
of Owstwick in the valuation : — 

£. s. d. 

Sir Hugh Bethell, kut 10 10 

Robert Blunt 12 10 

John Blunt 18 

Alexander Dixon 12 

George Green 10 

Jane Hardy 70 

Sir Robert Hildyard, hart. . . 40 

PaulKitchin 17 

Mr. Charles Laughtou . . . . 64 



John Linwood 

Robert Smith 

Joseph Storr 

Marmaduke Storr 

Francis Storr 

Mr. Robert Witty of York 

Proprietors under £10 per ann. 



£. s. 


d. 


10 





14 10 





13 10 





29 





50 





52 ■ 





29 






HiLSTON Mount, a considerable eminence a little to the north of the village, on which 
is an octagonal tower of light brick, with a circular turret on its northern side, surmounted 
with a flag staff and vane, well known at sea as a land mark. The building has a chamber 
above the ground floor (which is inhabited as a cottage) ; it has a winding staircase within 
the circular turret. From the summit is an extensive prospect, where the spectator 
May mark the blue of the boundless deep. 
When the terrible storm has been lull'd to sleep, 
and on the north, the woods and grounds of Grimston Garth; to the west, a broad expanse 
of champagne country ; on the north, the village and its church, with that of Tunstal, 
and the woods of Winestead, and the beautiful spire of Patrington in the distance. The 
place was built by Mr. Justice Storr ; the arms — party per fess, 3 Storks proper, being 
sculptured on a stone over the door, with the date of its erection, 1750. It was inhabited 
by part of the family during the building of the house or hall, in 1 754, and was used as a 
hospital for the troops during an encampment on this coast, in the year 1794-5. The 
tower is about 40 or 50 feet high ; each face 7 feet 8 or 9 inches, making about 62 feet 
in circumference ; it is shewn in the distant view, (see plate.) 

The old house was taken down about 40 years ago ; the site is marked by some fine 
old trees. In 1783, there were only six houses in the village, the admiral's, rector's, and 
poor house, included. At present a good farm house stands near the church, and there 
are a few other respectable farmsteads, and a few cottages. In 1832, Hilston Mount was 
1200} yards distant from the sea. 



TUNSTAL, 




WITH THE MANOR OF MONKEWIKE. 

UNE STALE, is another of those 
places which is returned in Domesday 
as the soke of the manor of Chilnesse, 
and containing seven carucates ; one 
carucate being stated as belonging to 
Witforness. The first reference to 
this place after the survey, is the gift 
of the church to St. Martin's Mon- 
, astery, subsequently referred to. 

( E. I. Kirby returns Wm. Crokehouse, as 

holding 2 oxgangs, at the rate of 48 carucates 
to a knt."s fee. The heir of Stephen Ilill (de Monte) as holding 2 oxgangs by the same rate. Robert Hild- 
yard, and John, son of Henry de Preston, as holding lands on the same terms ; yet neither of these several 
proprietors, nor their descendants, are named. 9 E. II. in the Nomina Villarum, Wm. de Eos, of Helmsley, 
being returned as sole lord of Tunstal, in that document. Soon after this period Sir Roger de Gryraston is 
stated in the family pedigree as being Lord of Tunstal, in which family it continued for a long succession of 
years. 

There appears, however, to have been another manor in Tunstal, according to Domes- 
day, called 

MONKEWIKE, and surveyed as a berewick of St. John de Beverley. 
In Moneuuic two carucates of land to be taxed. Laud to two ploughs. Six Villanes have there three 
ploughs, and they pay ten shillings. 

It belonging to the monastery of Beverley suggests its etymology. Sir Henry Ellis, 
in his introduction to Domesday, says — " that as some places mentioned in the survey 
have been since quite depopulated, and every memorial of them lost, so others, which are 
of consequence, did not exist in the time of the Conqueror. It may be of service, he 
continues to observe, that local enquiries will often ascertain the sites of places men 
tioned in Domesday, of which all memory is supposed to be lost ; and that the names of 
places in the survey, are not in every instance those of villages, but frequently of manors, 
and sometimes of very small and insignificant portions of land." This manor is somewhat 
an illustration of the remark. It is first noticed — 

Inquest post mortem — Robert, Lord of Ross, de Bever, Monkewike is a member of Ros.^ 17 E. III. Wm. 
Ross de Ilamlake, held 1 wind mill and divers free rentals in Monkwike, of the provost of Beverley ; Wm. 
son and heir.'' 37 E. III. Margery de Eoos, wife of Wm. de Roos, of Hamlake, held the manor of Monkewike, 



■ Escb. No. 24, Turr. Lond. 



" Ridley, 4- 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 85 

of Richard Ravenser, provost of Beverley, at a rental of £3 per annum.^ 28 H. VIII. the annual fee ferms 
paid to the provost of Beverley, of tenements in Monkewike, amounted to SOsh.'" Inquisition 30 H. VIII. Geo. 
Gower held certain lands and tenements in Tunstal and Monkewick, of Walter de Grimston, in com soccage f 
from which it would appear, that at the dissolution of the monasteries, it had passed to the Grimston family, 
with whom it has continued ever since. 

The manor lies along the sea cliff, and at the time of Domesday, must have been much 
more considerable, as containing 2 carucates. It has suffered materially from the devas- 
tations of the sea, and not many years hence will be entirely gone. With respect to the 
manor of Tunstel, according to an inquisition taken 

28 September, 14 Eliz. on the decease of Mary Stanhope, widow of S. Stanhope, Esq. it appears that shedied 
seized of the manors of Tunstal, Preston, and Wa.\ham, and that Catharine Stanhope was her daughter and 
heir. 24 Eliz. the queen gave license to Brian Robinson, of alienating the manors of Tunstal, Wa.\ham, and 
Preston, to Launcelot Alford, and his heirs.'' 

This does not agree with the previous statement of the manor of Tunstal, continuing in 
the Grimston family uninterruptedly. A want of access to the court rolls of ancient 
times, has prevented the deficiency from being supplied, as to the manner in which this 
manor passed from the Grimstons, and again returned to them, as Charles Grimston, Esq. 
of Kilnwick, is the present lord. The courts are held at a public-house in the village. 
The manor consists of 1293a. Or. 16p. and is co-extensive with the township. 

Premises of less note. — 4 £. I. 1275. Wm. de Crockhow, confirms to Mas. Thomas Grimston, and his 
heirs, an oxgang of land, with a toft and croft here, which he, the said Thomas, held of the gift of Robert de 
Filling, and Emma his wife; attested by John de Carlton, and Wm. the Lord of Grimston. 10 E. II. Wra. 
Fitz Martin grants to John, son of John Spink, of Tunstal, and Christian his wife, a moiety of this court, 
(Curias) and his whole croft, bounded out here.'' According to an inquisition held at Iledon, on the decease of 
Thomas Ilildyard, Esq. 15 E. II. 1322, before Thos. Burgh, escheator, it appears that beheld the services of 7 
carucates of land in this lordship and in Filling, which gave wardship and marriage when they happened.'' Wal- 
ter de Glentham, of Tunstal, aud Agnes, his wife, grant to Adam German, of Halsham, in fee, a sellion of arable 
land in the east field, with the meadow appertaining, dated on the feast of St. Martin, 1342 ; attested by Thos. 
de Lelley, and Peter the Frank tenant of Tunstal. 1 7 E. III. John, son of John Meaux, knt., of Billingay, in 
CO. Lino, grants to John, the son of Sir Godfrey de Meaux, and Maud knt., his wife, in special tail, all his 
lands and tenements, inter alia, in Tunstal. 

According to an inquisition, taken in the year 1349, 23 E. III. Isabel, daughter of John de Preston, held 
here 2 carucates of land, and two tofts, immediately of the crown, as of the hon. of Alb. by the service of the 
24th part of a knight's fee. 24 E. III. Ahce, daughter of Wm. de Crockowe, of Tunstal, grants in fee to 
Adam German, of Halsham, a piece of land here, with a house, at the rent of a pepper corn yearly, dated in 
1349.'^ 12 H. IV. Thomas, son of Sir John Constable, knt. and Margaret his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Hauley, knt. held here by grant, in special tail, 3 mess. 2 oxgangs and a half of land, of the gift of William, 
brother of the said John. 8 H. VI. John EUerker, of Risby, Esq. grants to Sir John Constable, Halsham, 
knt. lands in this place for lands in Paul Holme, Thome, &c. 31 H. VI. Wm. Tresell, of Tunstall, grants to 
Thomas Chapman, 4 acres of land here." 1 R. III. John Stephenson, of Garten, gave to Robt. Tresell, 4 acres 

=> Ridley, 4. 64 b. ' See bedern towns. ' Ridley, 4, 116. >" Pat. 2. " Mid. Bail. 

' Ex bund. Esch. de 15 E. II. No. 36, B. C. Lib. ^ Mid. Bail. " Ibid. 

N 2 



S6 TUNSTAL. 

of land here. 2 H. VIII. Edward, Duke of Buckingham, held a close of land here. 28 H. VIII. Geo, Gower 
held lands here and in Monkwike, Wat. Grimston, in soccage. In 1558, 4 & 5 Philip and Mary, Bryan Hop- 
kinson conveys to Wm. Constable, of Catfoss, Esq. Robert Wardell, of Riston, gent. Walter Bayne, of Rise, 
and Peter Holme, Vicar of Burton Pidsea, in trust, all his messuages, lands, ice. here, to the use of Bryan, his 
son. 9 Eliz. 1567, Thomas Hill, of this place, in consideration of £18, conveys to Wm. Toll, the fee simple 
of an oxgang of land, &c. with a close here. By an Inquisition, taken 1580, 22 Eliz. on the decease of John 
Ward, the jury found that he held at his death, 1 mess. 8 closes, and 2 oxgangs of land here, of the crown, by 
knt. service. In 1618, 16 Jas. I. Sir Marmaduke Grimston held here a messuage called the Gild house, and 
3 acres of arable, and 3 of pasture, immediately of the crown. 

The Grants of Lands to Religious Houses in this Lordship. — Matthew, son of Alex. Tunstall, of Tun- 
stall, gave to St. Sepulcre's, near Hedon, 5 oxgangs of land, and his whole arable, meadow, turbary, and marsh, 
which he held at Thurkel Bridge, Thorma Green, and Inglospole ; also 10 acres, and 1 stang, and 20 perches, 
of meadow, with a dike 8 feet broad, besides 2 closes, and an annual rent of 18d. issuing out of a third close. 
The monks of the abbey of Thornton also held lands in Tunstal. In the year 1387, 10 R. II. the king granted 
his license to amortise lands in Tunstal, and five other lordships, for the support of a chantry in the chapel of 
Elstanwick. The priory of Wartcr held lands here in the year 1510, 2 H. VIII. which are unnoticed in the 
Monastica. The abbey of Meau.x hid a gift of an annual rent of one shilling, issuing out of an oxgang in this 
place, from John Taylor, on condition of his being interred in the abbey, and also a toft of two oxgangs, the 
convent paying out of them 1 shilling yearly, to Wm. de Routh, and 3 shillings yearly to Robert de la Lawne. 
The Church. — No mention is made of a church here in Domesday survey. But 
within thirty years of that Document, viz. 

1115, 16 H. I. Stephen, Earl of Albm. gave the church and tythes of Tunstal to the abbey of St. Martin. 
AVm. le Gross confirmed his father's grant. The convent, alter enjoying the rectory a century, submitted to 
the perpetual ordination of Walter Grey, archbishop of York, who, on the ides of November, 1230, appropria- 
ted it to the succentorship of the canons newly founded by him in the Cathedral Church of York. The sub- 
chanter is to this day the rector of the church, and nominates to the curacy. 

Endowment of the Rectory. — The sub chanter had anciently seven tenements and four oxgangs of glebe 
lands in this lordship, besides all manner of tythes, great and small, with jurisdiction of the whole town." 3 
Sep. 15 Eliz. John Bateman, B. A. sub-chanter, demised the rectory of Tunstal for the term of three lives, at 
the rent of £9 per ann.'' 

Endowment of the Curacy. — This church, having been wholly appropriated to the succentorship, is only 
a donative or perpetual curacy, and requires no institution or induction. In the year 1752 the curacy received 
an augmentation of £200 from the governors of Queen Ann's bounty, with which lands were purchased in 
Thorngumbald, of the value of £8 per annum at the time. In the year 1777 an act passed for inclosing the 
open fields, meadows, and uninclosed grounds ; and an award was made by John Outram, Peter Nevill, and 
Robert Dunn, the commissioners appointed, that the several tythe rents should be paid in full satisfaction, and 
equivalent for the great and small tythes, and all other ecclesiastical dues and payments whatsoever, mortuaries 
surplice fees only excepted, &c. &c which are mentioned and set forth in the award within the township of 
Tunstal, so far as tends to the lands, grounds, and tythe rents which Wm. Baron = held by a lease of lives under 
the Rev. Anthony Foimtayne, Esq. succentor or sub-chanter within the cathedral church of York. The docu- 
ment is too long for insertion. 

^ Tym p. 651. '' Torr's York ^lia. = Wm. Baron held lands here in the reign of 

H. VIII. From the abstract of Hold, records, the gent, living in Dade's time, who held the lease of the 
tithes, was grandson of the former lessee. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 

LIST OF INCUMBENTS. 



87 



Instituted. 


Incumbents. 


Patrons. 


Vac<iled by 


25th September 


1623 


Edwd. Nelson, Deacon, admitted.' 
It might be held by Nelson 
until 1643 ; after which time, 
up to 1660, there are no insti- 
tutions under the Dean and 
Chapter. 






8th December 


1660 


John Blount, M.A. 


I. Hardy 




29th January 


1662 


Thos. Elyott, Clerk 


the same 




16th February 


1676 


James Eicliardson 






25th February 


1683 
1715 
1726 


John I^owthorp was licensed 

JohnBowen 

George Longraire 






24th March 


1752 


Thos. Jackson, B.A. He was also 
vicar of Burstwick, where he 
died. 




Death 


21st October 


1784 


Jonathan Dixon, licensed 




the same 




1832 


Charles Cory, hcensed 




Cession 




1836 


Isaac Dixon, licensed 




Present Incumbent. 



Testamentary Burials.— 4 Nones Feby. 1332, Thos. de Strangriffs, succentor to St. Peter, York, m. w. p. 
1332, in the church of All Saints. 1345, Rd. Clerk, of Tunstal, m. w. p. 140ct. 1545, in the church of All 
Hallows. 

Fabric, dedicated to All Saints, is situated near the centre of the village, on elevated 
ground, exposed to the beating winds from every quarter of the compass. It consists of 
nave, north and south aisles, a chancel, and tower at the west end, the basement of which 
is of hewn stone ; it is of three stages, with a fine window in the lower face of the west 
end, of good perpendicular tracery in the head, pointed, of three lights, cinque foiled, 
and has a drip stone. In the second stage is an aperture, the belfry window being above, 
and of two lights, the tower finishing with a plain battlement. The faces are all similar 
in the upper portion. 

Exterior. — The nave is lofty, and on the south side has three large clerestory windows, 
with depressed arches, each of three lights, cinque foiled, and of perpendicular character. 
The south aisle has three square-headed windows, one of three, and the other of two 
lights, all cinque foiled ; between them a modern brick porch, with a flat arch ; the entrance 
church door being plain and pointed. The north side of the nave is similar to the south. 



Mr. Torr does not give any licensed curates. 



88 TUNSTAL. 

The north aisle has a square-headed window, like the south, and also a plain pointed door- 
way. The east end of this aisle is of brick, with a common sash window inserted in it ; 
the aisle formerly extended further, forming a chantry, the foundations and jagged ends 
of the stones yet remaining, together with the arch-way which communicated with the 
chancel. A wooden mullion has been inserted in the pointed window, at the west end of the 
aisle, which is glazed. The nave and aisles are slated. The angles of the building are of 
hewn stone. It is a good specimen of cobble building, the term given to the material found 
on the sea shore, and so frequently used in these pages. The chancel has a long, narrow, 
early English window on the south side, a pointed arched doorway, and drip stone. The 
east end, a pointed window, of three lights, trefoiled, decayed and mutilated, and bricked 
up. North side, a small, flat, arched doorway, a narrow lancet window, like the south 
side, both blocked up. 

Interior. — The nave is separated from the north and south aisles, by two octagonal 
piers, with plain bases and capitals, and three plain arches on each side. Half the eastern 
arch of the north aisle is enclosed as a vestry, the sash window at east end giving it light. 
The Belief, Lord's Prayer, and king's arms, are in their usual places, above the chancel 
arch, which is a plain pointed one. The pulpit and reading desk are placed under this 
arch. Gallery at west end. Font of granite, octagonal, and has had small pillars round 
its centre shaft, their bases remain ; each face ornamented with a quatrefoil, within a circle. 
Two bells in the tower. 

According to Topham's MS. there was, in the upper north window, argent, a plain cross, gules ; and, in the 
body of the church, a grave stone, " Hie jacet Johannes Chaney, qui obiit. A. D. 1492. Cujus Animre pro- 
pitietur Deus. Amen.''" This stone is now in the porch ; there are three others in the chancel, one of which 
has had a brass on it ; they have no inscriptions. A curious freestone, about 2 ft. diameter, and 1 ft. 3 in. 
high, lies at the east end of the chancel ; it looks at first sight like an old font, but it is hollowed out with 
furrowed channels or chiseling in the inside, and is supposed to have been used as a mill, or quern- Three 
table tombs, to the Lorymers, in the churchyard, which is surrounded with hedge-rows. The village street 
on the west ; and the parsonage, now a farm house, on the opposite side, was re-built by Mr. Baron, a former 
lessee of the tithe. The sea is seen to the eastward, and there is an extensive prospect southwards from the 
churchyard. There was an encampment in this village in 1794-5; the Durham militia occupied the ground 
facing the sea, at the northern extremity of the lordship, with a park of artillery. The devastations of the sea 
upon this coast, from Bridlington to Spurn Point, is not uniform, though constant ; the sea occasionally setting 
to a particular part for some time, and then leaving it and taking away another part, without any apparent 
cause. Tunstal has suffered greatly ; 100 acres are gone within the last sixty years. According to Mr. Tuke's 
admeasurement, in 1786, the distance from the sea to Tunstal church was 924 yards ; subsequently, viz. 1833, 
the distance was only 763 yards. 

Sand le Marr, or Sandley Marre, is now the site of a poor cottage on the clifif, one mile from Tunstal, and 
is destitute of all attraction except the green luxuriance of broad acres, and the wide and solitary expanse of 
the German Ocean. The beach affords excellent materials for the repairs of the Holderness roads. 

' John Chancey, of Tunstal, sells all his lands in Fitling, 21 H. VII. (Hold. Records.) 




ROOS, OR ROSSE, 

WITH THE HAMLET OF OUSTWICK. 

N Rosse Murdoc and Suuager had three carucates of land, and five oxgangs to be taxed. 
There is land to four ploughs. Fulk, a vassal of Drogo, has now there one plough, and 
one villane with one plough. There is a priest and a church, and thirty acres of meadow. 
Half a mile long, and half broad. Value in King Edward's time sixty shillings, now 
twenty shillings. It is also returned as a soke to Chilnesse, of three carucates, and the 
third part of a carucate. 

This manor is considered, by all who have written on the subject, to 
have given name to Peter de Ros or Roos, as Lord of Roos, in this 
seigniory, in the reign of H. I. 

It may be derived from Roos or Ross, British ling, moorish or watery land. 2 H. II. 
Robert de Roos, son and heir, was living. 1156, 3 H. II. Everard de Roos, son and heir, 
Carta Foedorum Everardl de Roos de Baronia quam Everard de Rossde D'no Rege tenet 
scilicet quam Ranulphus de Glanvil habet in custodia ex tempore Henrici Regis— tenet. 
3 Petrus de Surdeval, 1 f m. ; Driu de Hairun, 1 m. ; Rob. de Barkethorp, dim. f. m. 
\Vm. son of Bertram, 4th pt. f. m. ; Wm de Hinge, dim. f. m. ; Hehas de Torp, 4th pt. f. m. ; Maud, dr. of 
Hugh Camyn, 4th pt. f. m. ; Robt. de Spouston, 3rd pt. f. m. ; Wm. de Skingrave, 6th pt. f. m. ; Eudo de 
Garton, 12th pt. f. m. ; Walter de Garton, f. 1. m. ; Gerald de Lepington, 24th pt. f. m, ; Eustace Boniface, 
1 f. m. post tempus regis Ricardi ; Jordan de Enveise, 3rd pt. f. m. ; Anthony de Allburwic, dim. f. ra. ; 
Hugh Fitz Wm. 4th pt. fm. ; Richd. de Skepingwelt, in Calvestun. 4th pt. f. m." 

Everard married Rose, daughter and heir of Wm. Trusbut, and died ante 1 186. Robert, s. and h. was one of 
the celebrated 25 barons appointed to enforce the observance of Magna Charta ; he married Isabel, daur. of Wm. 
the Lion, king of Scotland, and died in 1227. Wm. de Roos, s. and h. died in 1258. 

In 1281, Robert de Roos, son and heir of the last William, is returned in Kirby's Inquest as holding this 
place. He married Isabel, daughter and heir of Wm. de Albini, Lord of Belvoir castle. 1285, 13 E. I. 
Robertus de Roos, tenuit in Holderness, p' escaetam mortis Aveline quondam heredis Albem' apud Roos quon- 
dam partem manerii ac xi. bov. terr' et quartam partem unius bovat ac Sex dec' bovat' & tres p'tes unius 
bovat in boudagio et novem cotag'"" He also held in Warham, Withorn. and Seton de Baronia de Trussebut,'' 
and died in this year. Wm. de Roos, son and heir of the last Robert, is returned in the Nom. Vill. 1315, as 
holding this place, with its members, and is styled Wm. de Roos, of Hamlake. In 19 E. I. he was one of the 
competitors for the crown of Scotland, in right of Isabel, his great grandmother, above-mentioned, and died in 
1316. Wm. de Roos, his son and heir, was summoned to parliament from 20th Nov. 10 E. II. 1317, to 12 
Septr. 16 E. III. 1342. 

17 E. III. tenuit de R. in Capite ut de honore Albe Marlie maner' de Rosse cu' p'tin' ex' iiij carucat' terre' 
& mete' capital' mes' in eod'm man'io p' servic" triu' quaterior' & di' feod' militis Reddend' inde annuatim 
Rx. p' warda castri de (Skipsea) v^- ad fm S'ci Joli'is Bapte p' toto a'o. & etiam reddend' indeRegi apud Hedon 
p' man' ballivor' lib'tatis de Holdernesse p' Sherevesgeld vi'^- iiij'' ad fm Pasche p' toto anno et faciend' sec- 
tam ad Wapen de Holdernes de tribus Sept' in tres Sept. — Q'd Will's est fid' & heres ejus p'pinquior.^ 



Cott. Claud. C. 10, p. 2. " Harl. No. 708, fo. 240. 

^ Temp. 17 E. HI. Harl. MS. No. 708, fo. 240. 



Ibid. 



90 ROOS. 

The above William died in the same year, 1343. This family continued to hold the 
manor through succeeding generations, although little is heard of their transactions 
relative to it. 

Wm. de Roos, who is stated to be s. and h. being then in his minority, was ward to the king, whose lands 
were so valuable, that Ralph Lord Neville paid 1300 marks for the custody of only two parts of them ; he, 
William, married this nobleman's daughter Margaret, and her husband dying without issue, in 1 352, she is 
returned as holding various manors and lands in Holdemess. The fees of Roos consisted of 46 carucates 
and a half, which appear to have been in her hands (see page 60). 

Thomas de Roos, brother and heir, was only fourteen years old at his brother's death. He was summoned 
to parliament 24th Aug. 36 E. III. to 3rd March, 7 R. IT.; and died in 1384." 

John de Roos, s. and h. summoned to parliament from 8th Aug. 10 R II. to 13th Nov. 17 R. II. ; died 
J 393, without issue, at Paphos in the Isle of Cyprus, on his pilgrimage to Jerusalem. 

Wm, de Roos, brother and heir, was treasurer of England, in which office he continued till 7 H. IV. He 
died at Belvoir, 1414, 2 H. V. (having had summons to parliament from 18 R. II. to 1 H. V. inclusive,) and 
was there buried. 

John de Roos, s. and h. ; ob. 1421. His wife was Margery, daughter and heir of Sir Rog. Wenhvorth, 
knt. according to Dugdale.'' He had no issue, and was succeeded by his brother Thomas, then a minor ; 
summoned to pari, from 7 H. VI. 1429 ; and died in 1431. 

Thomas de Roos, son and heir of the former Thomas, was summoned to pari, from 2nd Jan. 27 H. VI. 
1449, to 30th July, 38 H. Vf. 1460. He was attainted 4th Nov. 1461, for his attachment to his sovereign, 
H. VI. and his castle of Belvoir given to Lord Hastings. His s. and h. Edmund de Roos, obtained the 
reversal of his father's attainder in 1485 ; and died 1508, without issue, at Enfield, and was buried in the 
parish church there. It does not appear that he was ever married The barony fell into abeyance between 
his sisters and co-heirs : viz. Eleanor, who married Sir Rob. Manners, knt. ; Isabel, who married Thos. Grey, 
and died s. p. ; and Margaret, who was supposed to have died unmarried. Geo. Manners, s. and h. of Sir 
Rob. Manners, by Eleanor de Roos, sister and co-heir of Edmund the last baron, is styled on his monument 
Lord Roos, and succeeded to the barony, jure matris, on the death of Isabel and Margaret, s. p. He married 
Ann, daughter and sole heir of Sir Thomas St. Leger, knt. by Ann Plantagenet, sister of King Edward IV. 
He died 1513. 

This account of the descent of the family is given for the purpose of shewing, that 
this manor still continued in their possession. 

3H. Vm. 1511.— The king granted to Thomas, Earl of Rutland, and Robert Tyrwhit, the advowson of 
this rectory. Thomas Manners, s. and h. of the above George, was created Earl of Rutland 18th June, 1525, 
K. G. and died 1543. In 3 E. VI. the Earl of Rutland had livery of the manor of Roos, 1549. Henry 
Manners, s. and h. of the above earl, and grandson of George, died in 1563. 

In 1562, the Earl of Portland held the manor in capite, "per lib. suam ;" the court 
was held in his name as lord of Roos, and seems to have been so held until 27 Eliz.' 

" These dates are principally supplied by the Synopsis of N. H. Nicolas, Esq. 

'' Morant, in his history of Essex, vol. 1, p. 320, relates, that she was daughter of Sir Phihp le Dispenser ; 
and married, first, John Lord Roos, and afterwards Sir Roger Wentworth, and died in 1478. Phihp, her son, 
being then dead, Henry Wentworth succeeded her. Inq. 18 E. IV. "= Ridley, 4, 55, b. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 91 

Edward Manners, son and heir of the Earl of Rutland, who died in 15G3, succeeded him, 
and died without issue male. 1587- Elizabeth, daughter and sole heiress of Wm. Cecil, 
s. and h. apparent of Thomas, first earl of Exeter, held the manor of Roos with its 
members, but by what services ignorat ;" she died in 1591. In 1597, 39 Eliz. William, 
Lord Burleigh, as lord of Roos, was lord of this manor. William Cecil, s. and h. of 
Elizabeth above named, was confirmed in the barony of Roos, 22nd July, I6l6 ; and died 
in 1616, in the life of his father, s. p. 16 Chas. 1640. — David Cecil, earl of Exeter, was 
owner of the manor.' It appears to have remained in the Cecil's possession till the 4th 
day of October, in the 8th year of Queen Ann, 1709, when an act of parliament was 
passed, entitled, " An act to enable the Hon. Wm. Cecil, Esq. and others, to sell lands, 
for the payment of several debts charged upon his estate by the Right Hon. John, late 
earl of Exeter, deceased, his late father." This property was then sold to Mark Kirbye, 
of Kingston-upon-Hull, Esq. merchant. The deed of conveyance assures unto Mark 
Kirbye, and his heirs, all the estate, right, and title to the manor and lordship of Roos, 
with the rights and appurtenances thereunto belonging, with the advowson or right of 
patronage to the church of Roos ; and all that fee farm rent of forty pounds, payable by 
the corporation of York. 

The Roos estate continued in the possession of Mark Kirbye till his death, when this, 
and his other property, descended to Richard Sykes, of Sledmere, by his marriage with 
the daughter and co-heiress of Mark Kirbye, his first wife. At the death of Richd. Sykes, 
his eldest son, Richard, dying without issue, it w'ent to the second son, Mark Sykes, D.D. 
he having five sons and one daughter, the four eldest of whom died without issue. The 
Roos estate, at the death of Sir Mark, descended to Sir Christopher, the fifth son ; and 
at his decease, in 1801, he left the manor and presentation of the Hving for his life, and 
then to go to the heir-at-law of the Sledmere estates, and other property, left by his will 
to the head of the family ; and the York fee farm rent, now amounting to £32. to his 
third son, Christopher, the present possessor, and lord of the manor. 

PEDIGREE OF SYKES, OF SLEDMERE AND ROOS. 

Richard Sykes, of Sykes Dyke, near Carlisle, in Com. Cumberland. 




1 at Leeds. Living 17tl 



wm d.^ 
!7th Sept. 1576; 
proved 1th Nov. 



Ridley, 4, 108, b. 



, • Wm. Sykes. i 



?S5g • e«e Leeds; 



her Hill. Married JJ p.=^- , ">ere. Will dated UTlng a widow, and 

th June. 1.561. Will ,, F'_2: 2nh July, 1576 ; p. I executrix, 19th Jan. 

ited 28th Oct. 1571i ; ^ cc^' 19th Jan. following. I 15'ii ; enceint with 

■oved 19th January s s- 2" 5" child in July, 1576. 



92 



AgDe3 Syi.es. Richard Sykes, an 
man of Leeds r 



1636. Purchased, joint- 



huried in Saint 



^Elizabeth, daughter Elizabeth Sykes. 
of • • • Mawson ; 
married 30ih Jan. 
1593. Died l9th 
Aug. 1644 ; bur. in 
. Peter'B, Leeds. 



■ Leeds,— Dorothy, daughter 



the year 1622 ; buried of Horb 
in St. Peter's, Leeds. York ; I 
Will dated 20th July, 
1618 ;pro7cd at York 



Elizabeth Sykes. 
mard. to John 
Taylor, ofYork, 



3 Com. Ebor. 
ent. LiTing 
7 December, 



r Sohn Wood, 
of Beeston,near 
Leeds, knt. 



Com. Ebor. ; induct- 
ed 7th Decern. 1626 ; 
died i 652. "Will dated 
27th December, 1652; 
proved at LontloD, 6 



Grace, daugh. of 
Alexndr. Stock, 
rector of Kirk- 
heaton, io Com. 
Ebor. 



Richard Sykes,: 

rector of Spof- 
forth.Co.Ebor, 



of St. Peter, 
atYork,£Bt.36, 
anno. 1^ Sept. 
1665. Died 8th 
Feb. 16 19; bur. 

Leeds. 



. of JohnSykes,a=^ 



Ebor. Died a 
widow, Herw. 
nuticupative, 
dated Gth June, 



Dort; died Reymes, of of Ripley 
June2, 1G86, I Delf, mar. 
BBt. 56. 21st Feb- 



^_H Samuel Sykes. 

S.2- aid. and mayor of Leeds, 
Ebor. who died ' c" thereof. 1674 ; d. 

May, 1684, named 
living at Steeps- 



49; buried 



Leeds. 







Rd. Kirshaw, D.D. —Rebecca Sykes, 
rector of Riidey 42 | named 1695, 2nd 
years. Died Hth wife; died 16th 



Samuel Kirshaw.of^Mai 
Leeds, merchant ; nam 



Sykes, Grace, ob. 22nd Nov. ElizabethSykes, named 

dieg-i; 1665. 1695. Married, first 

ithOct. Richd. ob. 17th Jan. to Caleb Wood, of 

1670. Leeds, merch.; 2ndly 

John. ob. 2ftth Sept. to Ricbd. Hopkinson, 

1071 ; all buried in of Leeds, merchant. 

St. Peter'-, Leeds. = 



Sarah Sykes, m 
1695 Died, un: 
ried, 15th June, 
aged 67 years ; bi 



lerch. of Leeds.^Grace, daught 
of the manoi - - • ■ 
;. afterwards, 



15th October, 1652 ; proved ; 
London, 6th July, 1653. 



Jenkiuson, of Leeds ; died 25th Decem- 
ber, 1685. To whom her husband de- 
" Osbaldwick and 



Pocklini 
Pal. Du 



Sybill Sykes, married to William 
Dobson, Esq. mayorof Hull, who 
died 20th Oct. 16C6. She died 
19th Aug. 1668. Both buried in 



' Kirkmerrington, in Com. 



Elizabeth, daughter 
Ihorp. Co. Bucks, 1 



t London, 7th Oct. 16S9. 



of Co'ts and Ford, 
Scotland. Li^-ing e 
ceint with child, U58 



1lif 






slU 



till 



■"MB 



4 Richard Sykes, to— Frances, dtr. 

Oon3 2Sg-= whom his father 

?==-.» 1^1= demised his part 

.w^q^SbBB of Sheepscar, 1658; 
•on-— SXSS? afterwards M, A, 

LS.S.-'Sg.K- Died 28th Oct. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



To whom liis 
Knottingley. 



Deborah, daughter 
of Wm. Otes, 



Jos. Sykes, ofLeed8,=BathiD, daughter of 
merchant, to whom j Jno.Pickering, Esq. 
his father devised capt. in the anny. 



I Sykes,=Mary, daughter William Sykes.=,Anne. daugh. 



f Swathe merchant, 2nd 



Castelion Mor- 
1 of Lteas. 



Joseph Sykes, Mary, daughter and 
of * * « Ob. co-heir of Mark 
s. p. Kirby.of Sledmere, 

and of Hull, Co. 

York, first wife; 

died llth April, 

1714; bur. at Hull. 



d. Sykes, of HulI.^Manha, daugh- 



Ric hard. = Jane, dr. of Hesketh Sir Mark, D.D. first=Decima,Jlaugh- 
Hobraan, gent. hart, created 

March, 1783, 

July 1711 ; married 



1735; 



28th ter of Turford 
Woodham, of 
Ely, gent ; she 
died March 9, 



1793. 



Josiah, Ob. Sir Christopher, D.C.L. 2nd bart.—EHz. dtr, of Wm. Tatton, of Whitrashew, Mary, married John de 
infans. born 23rd May. 1749 ; mar. 20th 1 Co. Chester, Esq. &c. &c. She died !803. Ponihieu, Esq. 

Oct. 1770. Died 8lh Sept. 1801. 



Christopher, in^ 

h!mh o?t! 



Lucy Dorothea, d. SirT; ttonSykes.^Mary, 2n( 
and co-heir of fourth and pre- l of Sir W 
Hen. Langford, sent baronet. Foulis, b 



Henrietta, Hth=Sir 
Nov. 1795. dtr. t 
and h. of Henry j 



brother Taiton. 



Tatton Park, Co. 
Chester. She re- 
married. Sep. 16, 
1834, Dugdale 
Stratfo d Dug- 
dale, of Mericole, 



1^ = 11 






Lucy Elizabeth, b. Ap. 17, 1805"; married, first, Henry Duncomb, in 
holy orders, second son of Lord Feyersham. of Duncomb Park, 
and rector of Kirby Misperton, in the North Riding, who ob. 1st 
Oct. 1833, s. p.; second, Charles Hotham, chaplain to Lincoln's 



Penelope Beatrix, m. November, 1835, Edward York, 
son of Richard York, Esq. of Wighill Park, m the 



The Church is an ancient rectory belonging to the patronage of Kirkham Priory ; 
which monastery had out of it an annual pension of 2 marks, payable by the rector thereof 
for the time being, at Martinmas and Pentecost, which was confirmed to them accordingly, 
by Walter Grey, abp. of York, on the nones of April, 1223. — Torrs E. Riding, p. 1517- 



LIST OF INCUMBENTS. 



T/ed hy 



3 Nones April 

4 Cal. May 



1223 

1245 

Edw. I. 



Walter, Eec. of Eoos 

Dns. Roger de Hedon, Clerk 
Dns. Adam de Cornubia 
Roarer de Heslerton, Rec. 



Prior & Con. 
ham 



Instituted. 


Incumbents. 


Patrons. 


Vacated by 




7 Cal. Aug. 


1301 


Mr. Rt. de Corebrigg, Subd. 1347 


Prior & Con.de Kirkham 


Mort. 






1347 


Mr. Nicolas de Wartre, Presb. 


the same 


the same 




3 September 


1349 


Mr. R. de Wartre, Cap. 


the same 


Resig. pro Aldburgh 




24 February 


1350 


Dns. J. CoUior, witness to several 
grants. 


the samfi 


Mort. 




(5 January 


1392 


Dns.J.Wylson.aliasdeNewburgh, 
Pbr. 


the same 


Resig. pro Norton 
Line. 


in 


1(5 June 


1399 


Dns. J. Bygott, often occurs wit- 
ness, M. B penes W.C.Pres. 


the same 


Resig. 




IJlt July 


1417 


Dns. Jobs. Ottelay, Pbr. 


the same 


Mort. 




•28 November 


1442 


Dns. Ws. VVyvell, Cap. 


the same 


the same 




7 December 


1465 


Barthol. Radclyff, CI. 


the same 


Resig. 




5 April 


_G6 


Mr. Adam Morland, B. decret. 


the same 


the same 




3 March 


1472 


Dns. Ed. Bryndliolm, Cap. 


the same 


the same 




20 July 


— 85 


Dns. John Cromwell, Cap. 


Collio. Alpi. ... in com- 
mendam 






20 May 


148C 


Dns. Robt. Thir.stane, Cap. 


Priori Con.de Kirkham 






30 March 


1504 


Pater John Morwyn, Con de 
Kirkham 


the same 


Mort. 




2 June 


150S 


Mr. Robt. Carlton, M. A. 

Dns. J. Johnson, alias Milner, Pbr. 


the same 

Assig. P. & Con. 






20 February 


1528 


Mag. John Maners, CI. ob. 1564 


Marmdk. Constable and 
sons, P. 


the same 




19 August 


1563 


Nicolas Cooke, per Mackley 


Henry, Earl of Rutland 


Death 




14 March 


1571 


James Gibson, 


Ed. Earl of Rutland 


Mori. 




10 October 


1588 


Geo. Holder, CI. 


Queen, by reason of the 
minority of Lady Eliz. 
Rose 


the same 




18 February 


1609 


Marmk. Broke, M. A. 


Ws. Cecil, dom. Burley 


the same 




13 April 


1616 


Hugo Denner, CI. 


the same 


Mort. 




8 October 


1620 


Hugo Denner, Iterum 


Jas. Rex. by lapse p. h. v. 


the same 




10 April 


1627 


Wm. Grey. M. A. 
Anthony Stevenson, rector 


Ws. Comes, Exon. 


Death 




Ult. January 


1662 


John Shore, CI, 


Eliz. Countess of Exeter 


the same 




4 February 


1692 


Charles Bevon, A. B. 


John, Earl of Exeter 


the same 




21 August 


1694 


John Bower, A. M. 


the same 






28 September 


172f 


Edward Robinson, A. M. 


Mark Kirby, Esq 


Resig. 




27 October 


1735 


Mark Sykes, A. B. 


the same, of Hull 


Death 




29 October 


1783 


John Simpson 


Sir Christr. Sykes, Bart. 








1788 


the same 


the same 


the same 




11 October 


1819 


Christopher Sykes 


the same 


Present Incumbent 




Net annual 


value 


£602. 









MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 95 

Testamentary Burials — liobt. de Corbriggs; vv. p. I Feby. 1347, east- end of churchyard. John Otley, 
w. p. 4 Oct. 1442, buried in the quire. W. Wyvell, rector, w. p. 24 Sept. 1465, buried in the quire. John 
Morvvyn, rector, dying intest. adm, grant to Tho. Morwyn, vicar ofWestow, 27 Ap, 1508 Gerard Grimston, 
of Ros, w. p. 14 Nov. 1517, in the chancel, Christ. Constable, of Eos, w. p. 17 Jany. 1556, in the south-side 
of the church. John Manners, rector, w. p. 26 June, 1569, in the chancel, and left legacies to his two illegiti- 
mates, Thomas and Sarah Manners, alias Sawle. James Gibson, rector, w. p. 1.3 Dec. 1588, in the quire, 
where is no pavement. Marmk. Brooke, dying intestate adm. granted to Maud, his relict. Geo. Holden, 
i-ector, ob. intest. adm. granted to Eliz. his relict, 1609. 

The Fabric, dedicated to All Saints, consists of a nave and aisles, a chancel, a tower 
at the west end, with a chantry chapel in the north side of the chancel, attached to which 
is a turret, or tower, with a spiral staircase ; and another building on the north side of the 
chancel, erected as a cemetery for the family of Sykes. Exterior. — The tower is of three 
stages, the lower west face has a pointed window of three lights, of perpendicular character; 
in each of the upper stages a belfry window of two lights. It finishes with a plain string 
course and neat battlement. Three clerestory windows, with flattened triangular heads, 
and of three lights, in both the north and south sides of the nave, which is lofty, 
and having also a neat battlement. The south aisle has a square-headed window, of two 
lights. The door plain, pointed, and approached under a porch, with a high pitched roof, 
nearly covered with ivy. Two square-headed windows in the south aisle. The north 
aisle has two plain buttresses, between which is the north door, with a pointed arch, and 
three square-headed windows, of three lights, same as south aisle, and a narrow lancet 
window at its east end. The east end of the nave terminates in an apex, which has a 
pierced niche, probably intended for a bell. The chancel is wholly built of freestone, 

and has an uncommon freshness of appearance. It has double buttresses at the south-east 
angle ; there are two others, each of five set offs, with a basement moulding and plain 
parapet, under which is a string course running round the east end. There are three 
large windows, of the perpendicular style, in the division formed by the buttresses. The 
end has a large pointed window of five lights, of the same era, and a cross placed upon the 
apex. On the north side the chancel, at the end of the nave, is a large, pointed, 
arched window, of decorated character, of three lights ; and under it a small, pointed door- 
way. There is another window, similar to those on the south side, but as it opens into 
the cemetery, is not seen in the exterior. On the north side the chancel is a chantry 
chapel, with a tower at its south-west angle. The chantry is the same height as the 
chancel, and is built with cobbles, having stone quoins at the angles, and a basement 
moulding, similar to that of the chancel, and seems to have been erected in the same era. 
The tower, itself, is built of the same hewn stone as the chancel, octangular shaped on the 
outside until it reaches the roof, where it becomes circular ; there are three apertures for 
light ; it rises eight or nine feet above the parapet of the chancel. The lower part of the 



96 noos. 

north side of the chantry has a square-headed window, with new wooden imitations of a 
two-light window, trefoilcd ; above it is an aperture ; there is another on its west side. 
The cemetery, on its outside, is nearly covered with ivy ; it is of brick, and does not rise 
to the height of the chancel. Two buttresses, on north side the chancel, are seen only on 
entering the cemetery. At the east end of the chantry, there is a window of three lights, 
square-headed, and another underneath it; they also are only seen on entering the cemetery. 
There is a window also of three lights, and square-headed, and a similar one under it, 
they are both at present unseen on the outside ; they are without glass, and open into 
the cemetery. Interior. — The nave is separated from the aisles by three light, circular 
piers, with capitals, and four pointed arches on each side. The piers under the tower are 
larger than the rest. The chancel arch is lofty, and as high as the roof; it is similar in 
shape to the triangular arch of the east window. A perpendicular Fenestella, with a 
crocketed canopy with a piscina, is placed in the south-east angle of the chancel, (see 
initial letter.) There is a sedile, or stone seat, under the window near it. The gallery 
neatly pannelled, it is at the west end ; above it the royal arms, and underneath a granite 
octangular font, the upper part of which retains the old cup-like form, and is lined with 
lead. The pulpit is in the south-east corner of the nave ; the date, 1G15, is found upon 
it. There are the remains of a carved screen to a pew in the south aisle. The altar 
rails are very neat. The chancel and nave open to a boarded rafter roof. The round 




tower and chantry chapel are seen in the north view ; the lower part of this chapel is now 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 97 

used as a vestry, which is entered by a door from the chancel, and has a small pointed 
doorway in the south-west corner, about 5 feet 9 inches high, which opens to the spiral 
staircase of the tower, which is 4 feet 2 inches in diameter inside. On the east side of the 
room is a large wooden door, nearly filling the lowermost of the square-headed windows 
mentioned above ; it opens into the cemetery. On ascending the staircase of the tower, 
about half way up, over the vestry, is a floored room, supported by brackets underneath ; 
it has the square-headed window, already described as on its east side, looking into the 
cemetery. On its south side is a square opening, looking into the chancel, and there are 
apertures in the wall on the other two sides. Ascending the tower, further, is a door 
opening upon the leads of the chancel. The top of the tower is flat, and closed ; there 
are 34 steps to its summit, each 9 or 10 inches deep, this makes the height about 30 
feet. That there has always been a room above what is now used as a vestry, is evident 
from the brackets which remain to support it, and the windows and staircase leading to it. 
The tower is certainly unique as attached to an ecclesiastical edifice. It is difficult to 
ascertain the use for which it was originally designed, unless the architect intended it as 
an ornamental staircase to the roof, there being no other ; the high altar may have been 
approached also through the upper room. The bell at the gable end was of easy access 
by these means.'' The church is capable of containing a congregation of 300 persons. 

Stained Glass. — In the window on the left hand, within the north aisle— Orate pro animabus omnium uxor- 
um parochia de Eosse quae fecerunt hoc feiri in A. D. M. * " * ♦ 

In the centre pane of a window, north aisle — Orate pro animabus Fratrum et Sororum Gildoe beati » * * * 
fecerunt hoc fieri in******'' 

In the closet, behind the pulpit — Party per pale, first, gules 3 budgets, argent ; Roos. 2 Quarterly, 1st 
argent ; 2 gules, a fret, or. 3rd as 2ud. 4th as 1st ; over all on a bend dexter, sable, 3 mullets of 6 points. 

In the centre pane of the higher north window, next the chancel — Gules, 3 bougets, or. : Roos. In the 
north window of the chancel, — 1st argent, a chevron, or. a lion rampt. azure, debruised by abend, Gebony, 
A. & G. Sutton." 

^ It has been suggested, that the toweis of country churches were sometimes used as fortresses during the 
frequent irruptions and predatory attacks of the feudal ages. Some towers were obviously built for the express 
purpose of military defence, as those of Rugby, in Warwickshire, (temp. H. III.) Heptonstall, in York, and 
Great Salkeld, in Cumberland; all well calculated for resisting a sudden aggression, and doubtless strongly 
fortified with that particular design. The elevated site of Roos church would render it peculiarly eligible as a 
place for the erection of an advance, or watch tower, from which the approach of the enemy might be more 
readily descried, and perhaps might have been the origin and design of this circular turret. Tradition records 
that the castle, once the residence of Ihe barons of Roos or Rosse, stood on the south of the church, in a large 
plain, the site being considerably lower than that of the church, which must have overlooked the proud towers 
of its feudal lords. 

' The house of the brethren and sisters of the guild was remaining in 1652 ; but the guild itself has long 
been desolated, and tdl knowledge of it is extinguished in the place where it once flourished. '^ Topham's MS. 



98 Roos. 

At present there are some fragments put together in the east winJow of the chancel, representing an angel 
within a quatrefoil, with a lable inscribed " Ave Maria A." the remainder flower and other ornaments. In the 
eastern clerestory, not representing anything, but among the fragments. Orate pro aiabus filia hoc fieri 1 . . dni. 
The eastern window under this has the centre filled with «<?«? stained glass, and there are some fragments in the 
eastern clerestory window, on the south side. 

Monuments. — The Cemetery has 14 catacombs. —Rd. Sykes, ob. .March 31, 17C3, a?t. 21 ; Dame Decima 
Sykes; Sir Mark Sykes, bart. ; Dame Elizabeth Sykes, died July 27. 1803, aet. 55; Sir Christ. Syke.?, bart_ 
1801 ; Maria de Ponlbieu, ob. 22nd June, 1760, aet. 21 ; the remainder empty. An elegant mural marble, to 
the Rev. Sir Mark Sykes, D. D. ob. 14 Sep. 1785, oet. 73; Dame Decima, his wife, 9 March, 1793, at. 80. 
Marble mural, to Rev. Jno. Simpson, 36 rector of Roos, 31 of Hilston, 13 May, 1819, aet. 90 years. Floor 
stones in chancel— Ehz Dickenson, ob. 22 Nov. 1827, oet. 11. Mary Matcham, 1745. Feb. 15, set. 48. Three 
table monuments, in ch. yard — Wm. Baxter, died Sep 3, 1781, aged 79 ; and Jane B. his wife, died 27 June, 
1838, aged 83; also John B. son of above, died 2 Jan. 1805, aged 19 ; also Geo. B. son of above, died Sep 
1816, aged 27. John Hogg, April 14, 1746, in the 28th year of his age. Also of Jane, his wife, who d, this 
life March 9, 1766, in the 90th year of her age. She founded and endowed a charity school, with the yearly 
stipend of £6 for the instruction of the poor children of Ross. Thomas Birkwood, of Owstwick, who died the 
27th day of November, 1735, aged 62. He was coroner 13 years, and chief constable 23 years, for this country. 
There are many head stones in the churchyard. 

This church is one of the most uniform in appearance in the district ; there are portions 
however, as already seen, both of the decorated and perpendicular style of architecture, 
as well as of the early English. 

Charities — Geo. Green, by w. d. 18th Aug. 1671, charged lOs. a year on a house near the ch. yd. ; the late 
owner, Wm. Kirkhouse, becoming a pauper, the ph. with his consent, took possession, and the rent charge of 
IDs. was paid to the overseers of the poor. A rent charge of 1 3s. 4d. granted in two sums of 6s. 8d. each, one 
by Reginald Marriott, the other unknown, is paid at Whitsuntide, and distributed by the churchwardens with 
the sacrament money. Also, the sum of £6. the amount of two ancient benefactions ; being the cause of 
disputes, as town's stock, it was applied to the use of the ph. the interest to be raised from parish rates, and 
added to the sacrament money. Also, Dixon's rent charge of £1. 8s. per annum. Twelve penny loaves are 
taken to the church every other Sunday, and 6d. worth of bread in addition on the four sacrament Sundays, 
for distribution among poor persons attending church. The Church Lands, of which the acquisition is 
unknown, are let at a fair annual value, with the houses belonging to the same, viz. : — 

£. s. d. 

4 acres, partly in Tunstal, about 4 12 Annual, out of Sir T. Sykes' estate, at 

I allotment, in RyhiU 10 Owstwick 1 8 



£. 


s. 


d. 


4 


12 





10 








2 








1 











5 








5 






A croft, in Roos 2 Ditto, John Ford's farm 9 

House at Roos 1 Annual, from Mr. Brough's estate, at 

House and croft in Roos 5 Owstwick 3 



1 rood of Swarth, in RyhiU 5 £18 4 g 

According to the charity commissioners' returns, in 1823," the yearly produce is applied by the church- 
wardens with the church rates. 

The situation of the church of Roos, on a pleasing eminence, and its adjoining 

' Vol. 9, p. 774. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 99 

rectory house is exceedingly picturesque. The old rectory was a mean edifice, and the 
present house was built of white brick about the year 1820, and enjoys the reputation of 
being the largest and most commodious parsonage house in Holderness. It is perhaps 
situated too near the turnpike road, from which, however, it is secluded by judicious 
planting and ivy-covered walls. The grounds and gardens have been laid out by the 
present rector, with that refined taste which results from a cultivated mind and classical 
discernment. The approach to the venerable church through the rectory gardens, pre- 
sents the most lovely and diversified landscape, and nature has indeed reason to rejoice 
in the beautiful improvements which have been created by art. The worthy rector, as 
already stated, is the patron of the living. The old mansion of the Roos family was 
surrounded, on the north, east, and west, by a moat. The south side protected by the 
water of the carrs, which at that period must have been always flooded. In 1 825 the old 
moat was excavated, by the present reverend possessor, on the north side, to the original 
dimensions ; and, as far as the depth could be ascertained, the soil beneath the upper 
surface of the carrs, was found to be of similar black, vegetable matter, as alluded to in 
other similar situations. During these operations an old dagger was found, the blade 
about lOJ inches long, flat on the back, and the wooden handle about four inches ; when 
first found the hai.dle was perfect, but as it dried it cracked away ; part of it is still left. 
It is no doubt the Misericorde alluded to by Fosbroke, as a thin bladed dagger, so called, 
because more easily inserted into the interstices of the armour ; the guard was composed 
merely of two round nobs, and the sheath was also made to hold a knife. On examining 
the one found in the moat, these nobs are very evident. Gough, in his introduction to the 
Sepulchral Monuments, says that, " the dagger worn on the right side was called the Miseri- 
corde, ' Pour ce que de cg, ferrement volontiers etoient Occis les Chevaliers abbatus, et 
lesquels, voyans telles armes en la main de leurs ennemis demandoient Misericorde s'ils 
desiroient etre repitez de la Morte.' "" It seems by Fauchet, as if this weapon first came 
into use in the reign of Philip Augustus. Pity, in the Roman de la Rose, is represented 
holding, instead of a sword, a misericorde, sharp enough to pierce a diamond. Fauchet 
compares them to the Scotch Daggers, called Dagues a roelles, because they had at the 
ends of the cross-bar two rounds to protect the the hand completely. A Fibula was found 
at the same time, but not easily described. 

In the year 1836, some labourers, who were emj)loycd in cleaning a dike or ditch, 
which had been made some years previously,'' in a field belonging to Mr. John Bilton, in 

'^ Gough Sep. Mon. vol. 2, plate CXIX. '' It has been conjectured that the Ilumber flowed up to near 

this spot, and the hills in Loriraer's field are supposed to have the appearance of the remains of a haven. In 
1 802, previously to the formation of the Kayingliam drainage, it is stated by a gentleman who knew the locality 
well, that there could not be less than 6 feet of water ahoKC the ground where these figures were found. 



100 HOOS. 

Roos Carrs, west of the mill, discovered, about six feet below the surface, in a bed of 
blue clay, a group of figures rudely carved in wood, and as rudely put together." The 
base or foundation of the group being a serpent, on the back of which were eight human 
figures, fixed by the feet into holes bored in the figure of the serpent, which was bent so 
as somewhat to resemble the shape of a canoe or boat ; the head of the snake forming 
the prow, and having eyes of small pieces of quartz. The figures were closely crowded, 
and nearly similar, the only difference being in their height. Each figure represented a 
■warrior, apparently entirely naked, armed with a club, and carrying two round shields, a 
larger and a smaller one ; the eyes of each warrior being, like those of the serpent, 
formed of small pieces of quartz. An accurate drawing of one of these groupes has 
been submitted to some learned and leading antiquaries, none of whom, however, have 
been able to say exactly what is alluded to by these rude and curious relics of a barbarous 
age ; but they are generally supposed to have been left in commemoration of the descent 
of one of those piratical hordes who, in former times, poured in from Scandinavia upon 
different parts of the English coast, and carried into the interior the most horrible devas- 
tation by fire and sword. The serpent is evidently allegorical, and is by some supposed 
to allude to the ship which brought the pirates over ; by others, to their leader. Perhaps 
both surmises are in some degree correct. Snorro Sturleson,'' scald or bard to Haco, 
fourth king of Norway, states, among the supernatural powers of the first great Scandi- 
navian chief, Odin, that he could assume the form of a serpent, and transport himself 
great distances in incredible short space of time. " De Othoni Artibus — Exuvias ssepe 
mutavit Othinus, jacente corpore, ut sopito, ut mortuo cum ipse, factus avis, aut fera, aut 
piscis, aut serpens, momento temporis ad remotissimas feribatur regiones, sua aut aliorum 
expediturus negotia. Id etiam afiicere potuit, solis suis verbis, ut ignis extinguoretur, 
mare tranquillum redderetur, ventusve mutaretur, prout ei erat volupe. Erat illi navis 
Skidbladner dicta, qua per vasta maria vehebatur et quse, panni instar, convolvi potuit," 
&c. Snorro Sturleson (Latine, Snorrius Sturlae Filius,) Historia Regum Norwigicorum.' 
There is another conjecture which may be hazarded, that the serpent may have been in 
compliment to a war ship of extraordinary dimensions, built by the reigning king, Harold, 
called Draco (Dragon, or Serpent). " Vera (proximo classem navium sibi paravit Harall- 
dus Rex Draconem (navem bellicam) insignis magnitudinis, per hyemem, struendum 
curavit," * * * * " meminit Hornklofius in Carmine, dicto Glymdrapa. 
***** 

Priusquam in INIare 

» The figures are still in possession of Mr. Bilton, farmer ; they are supposed to have been placed in a box, 
from the narrator's account, who saw thcra soon after they were found. There were many more figures, but 
too decayed for removal. '' Died 1241. ' Vol. 1, p. 11. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



101 




Coloribus pictus 
Draco Regis ofFendit 
Periculosus et Naves."" 

Haralld succeeded Hafdane, a. d. 
863. Hoveden, and the Saxon 
Chronicle say, the battle in which 
Ella, the new king of Bernicia, in 
an attempt to recover the city of 
York from the successful Danes, 
failed and was killed, was fought 
21st March, a. d. 867- It may, 
therefore, not be presuming too 
much to assign the deposit of these 
curious groups to the period of 
the Danish invasion of the Hol- 
derness coast, between 864 and 7. 
The manor contains 2466 acres, of which about 70 acres are freehold, the remainder 
copyhold, subject, on the death of an owner, to two years' fine of rental, accordino- to a 
valuation taken ; and one year and a half rental upon purchase. The principal proprie- 
tors—the Rev. Christopher Sykes, Mr. Edward Lorimer, and Mr. Joseph Storr. The 
rest copyholds, from £100. to £5. 

A girls' school is supported by Mrs. Hotham, (see ped.) who has also founded a 
parochial library. There are two meeting houses in the village, one for the Weslevan 
Methodists, the other for the Primitive Methodists, alias Ranters, built in 1326. The 
village is on an eminence, and agreeably situated. 

Brakenhillis a single house, the property of Charles Grimston, Esq., and is in this 
parish, but the farm in that of Garton. 

OWSTWICK, Hostewic, in the survey is included with Hilston, as containing together 7 carucates of land 
to be taxed, and is also returned as a soke of 3 carucates belonging to Kilnsea. 

The first occurrence after the above is a confirmation of 

H. II. of a grant to the abbey of Thornton, in Lincolnshire, by Amand Botiler (PincernEe), of 12d. rental 
in Owstwick.'' Circa 20 H. III. Alan Jordan gives a rental of 6s. 8d. and 1 bovate of arable, and 1 toft here, 
to tlie abbey of iMelsa. 1 Edw. I. The prioress of Nunkeeling was seized of a tenement in Owstwick, of the 
grant of Simon Constable, in exchange for a tenement in Mapleton. 7 E. I. after the death of Peter de Brus, 
Herbert St. Quintin held 3 carucates in Owstwick, of the heirs of Roger de Melsa, who held of the heirs of 
Roger de Merley, who held of the king.'= Kirby's return gives Steven de Owstwick as holding lands here, as 



^ Sturleson, vol. 1, p. 82. 



Cart, 



= 131,Turr, 211. 



102 noos. 

Well as Herbert de St. Quintin ; and on the 13th E. I. the king grants to Sir Simon le Constable free ' 
in his demesne lands here. 16 E. I. Stephen de Owstwyke held a capital messuage, of the king in capite, by 
military service, with a certain averiam" in Owstwyk, and tenement of the same, 9 bovates in dorainico, and 
7 bovates in servitio ; of which 7 bovates John de Fitlinge held 2 bovates, the abbat of Thornton held 2 
bovates. Henry Bond, chaplain, held 1, Steven de Weton held 1 bovate, and Stephen Ward held 1 bovate, and 
he held in bond', of John de Asebie, with 9 tofts and I windmill. Stephen Owstwyke was son and heir, 
aged 40.'' 21 E. I. the abbat of Meaiix had a charter of free warren here. 32 E. I. By an inq. post mortem 
Peter de la Twyer, it appears that he held here, of John Houth and Johan his wife, by the service of 1 penny, 
a toft and an oxgang of land, worth yearly 6s. 8d. ; also half an o.xgang of Amand de Routh, worth 3s. 4d. 
yearly ; held by the service of 2s. lOd. yearly for all services. 5 E. II. Thomas de Huparia, and lohan his 
wife, late wife of John de Kuda 'Routh) knt. * * * * that Robert le Constable should have the custody of the 
heirs of the said John, p. lib' ten'to suo in Outswick, &c "^ 9 E. II. According to the Nomina Villarum, 
Oustwicke, with all its members, was held by the abbat of Thornton, Wm. de la Twyer, Amand de Routh, 
and Thomas de la Rivers. 27 E. III. Wm. de Melton held the manor ot Oustwyk as of the honour of Albe- 
marle. 36 E. III. Wm. de Melton, Esq. held Oustwyk. 5 II. II. At the death of Robt. de Roos, of Gedney, 
it was found he held 15 tofts and 15 bovates of arable, and 3 parts of 1 carucate, in Oustwike and Hilderston.'^ 
This land is said to have been held of the Lady Isabell, daughter of E. III. by knt. service as of the manor 
of Burstwick." 28 H. VIII. George Flinton held 1 cott. in Oustwyk, of Sir Jno. Constable, knt. per servic 
ignoram.' 36 H. VIII. John Metton, knt. held the manor of Oustwick of the king, as of the manor of So. 
Burton, by military service.s 22 Eliz. Thos. Linwood held 1 cottage, and half 1 bovate of land, in Outswicke, 
of the queen as of the provostry of Beverley.'' Robert Wright, of Plowlaud, in the reign of Eliz. held 1 
mess, and 1 bovate of land here.' In the same reign, John Simpson held 1 close and I bovate and a half of 
land here.i 42 Eliz. John Dominus Darcie held the manor of Oustwick, as of the manor of Hilston, in soc- 
cage.'' In the same reign, Thos. Michaelburn held certain lands in Owstwick, as of the manor of Hilston, in 
soccage.' 

Abbey of Meaux. — In 1224, Hugh de Rysom gave to the abbey, for wine at the celebration of mass in the 
church, 4 oxgangs of land in Owstwick ; and Peter Poyz gave 2 bovates here, paying a pound of cinnamon 
yearly to Amand Butler (Pincerna) which 6 oxgangs were Araand's, and after held of him by free foreign 
service. Alan Jordan gave to the abbey, for a private light, a mess, and oxgang, with tofts here, which the 
abbey afterwards let in fee farm to Wm. his son and heir, for half a mark yearly. In 1256, 40 H. III. Wm. 
the abbat, let to fee farm, to Wm. son of Stephen Rystgane the close at Owstwyk the abbey had of Wm. 
Fitz Luertelvant."" 

The township of Oustwyk, says Mr. Thompson, in the account of the Garton Terrier," 

Belongs to two parishes, two-thirds whereof are in the parish of Roos, where the rector hath all the tythes, 
great and small. The other third part is in the parish of Garton, which consists of 17J oxgangs, as they are 
set forth in the churchwardens' and overseers' books of Garton parish, with owners' names of these groimds 
which pay by the lambs, and the other petit tythes mentioned in the true account of the parish of Garton, 
required to be given at the archbishop's visitation. As for the great tythes of corn, hay. and wool, it is not 
ascertained (as far as Thomas Thompson, present curate, can learn) to whom they do belong. Mr. Maister, 

"This word sometimes includes all personal estate, as catalla did all goods and chattels. 

'' Escht. 16 E. I. No. 17. " Mid. Bail. J Ridley, 1, 134, 135. = See p. 64. 'Ridley, 4, 115, b. 

8 Ridley 4, 116. ii Ibid, 4, 9. ' Ibid, 4, 11, b. J Ibid, 4, 17. " Ibid, 4, 75, b. 'Ibid. 

■= Meaux Chart. " See Garton. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



103 



impropriator of Garten, lays no claim to them; the curate is told by some of the most knowing, ingenious 
persons in that town, that every owner of the said third part, takes the great tythes of corn, hay, and wool, to 
themselves, with their own nine parts, they not being demanded, as of right belonging to any person. 

Owstwick is called a manor in some of the preceding evidences, but it does not appear 
that any manorial rights or privileges exist at the present day. 

By a recent survey, made under the Tithe Commission, the township consists of 1330a. 2r. 8p. of which 452 
acres are in the parish of Garton, and the remainder in the parish of Roos. The principal proprietors, in 1780, 
were — Sir Christopher Sykes ; — Osbaldiston, Esq. ; Admiral Storr. At present — Sir Tatton Sykes, bart. 
Mittord Osbaldiston, Esq ; Joseph Storr, Esq. 

The Old Meeting House at Owstwick has no memorial left from which the date of its 
erection can be ascertained. 

The oldest notice of this quiet, respectable sect of Christians, in this place, is 1654. Robert Raven, by will 
d. G March, 1671, desires his body to be buried amongst the people of God (friends) at Owstwick. 




Friends' Mooting House, OwaLwick. 



A. D. 1066. 




HEDON, 

WITH THE HOSPITAL OF NEWTON GARTH. 

EDON has had assigned to it a remote antiquity, but it is con- 
jectural. It is stated to have been a place of some importance in the 
Saxon times, but this account does not rest on any solid foundation. 
The Danes are said to have destroyed it, a field called Danesfield, 
■ is adduced as a traditional proof that a great battle was fought at this 
, place by that people. The frequent mention made by historians 
'- of these Northmen entering the Humber, has been already alluded 
: to, and although Holderness, generally, may have suffered greatly 
.. from their ravages, yet there is no mention made of Hedon in 
particular, nor is it stated, from its position or otherwise, as likely to have attracted the 
attention of these marauders. Those well-known antiquaries, Leland and Camden, thus 
speak of this place : — 

Hcddoyi hath beene a fair Haven Toun : it standith a Mile and more withyn the Creke, that cummith out 
of Humhre ynto it. The Se Crekes [these crekes, according to Burton,] parting aboute the sayde Town did 
insulate it, and Shippis lay aboute the Toun : but now men cum to it by 3 Bridges, wher it is evident to se 
that sum Places wher the Shippes lay be over growen with Flagges and Reades : and the Haven is very sorely 
decayid. There were 3 Paroche Chirchis in Tyme of Mynde : but now ther is but one of S. Augustine : but 
that is very fair. And not far from this Chirch Garth appere tokens of a Pile or Castelle that was sometyme 
ther for a Defence of the Town. The Town hath yet greate Privileges with a Mair and Bailives ; but wher it 
had yn Edwarde the 3 Dayes many good Shippes and riche Marchauntes, now there be but a few Botes and 
no Marchauntes of any estimation. Suarning and choking of the Haven, and Fier defacing much of the Toun 
hath been the Decay of it. Sum say that the Staple of Woulle of the North Partes was ons ther. Treuth is 
that when Etdl began to flourish, Heddon decaied- The Erie of Albemarle and Holdernes was Lord of 
Heddon and also aiSkipton yn Craven at the same Tyme. This Erie had a great Maner Place at J\^ewton\ 
a mile byneth Hedon, nerer ta Hamhre then it, for it stondith on the lower side of the Creke, and Heddon 
on the upper. Ther be 2 Cantuarie Prestes foundid by the Alhemarles at Nenton. The Albemarles had 
also a Castelle or great Manor Place at Shipsey yn Holdernes, not far from the Shore, a vj. or vij. Miles from 
Bridlington. 

A. D. 1100.— Camden says— 

Hedon formerly, if we may believe report, so apt to enlarge on truth, and which I do not refuse, by the 
industry of merchants, and application to the marine, advanced to the highest pitch, from which, such is the 
uncertainty to which places, as well as persons, are liable ; it fell by the nearness of Hull, and by the silting 
up of the harbour, is so sunk as to have scarce the least traces of its former splendour.^ 

It is rather against the supposition if its being a place of any note before the conquest ; 
=> Camden, vol. 3, p. 248. 






<p^rvn 







\c (' |'»f|t(S H* afidar^ar^ ^^*^ffNr. j^anv-^ \fe "f^,,^ , h(t hmtfvF^ 



(t^*^rt^n B»v^Hv^t?H|^nt!^^ I^JAi'Hv^ \0.a>Vvtv1^ |^^^^u|>| v,nT-4 |<f r&^.^.l"tF 



?.0MI1IL1£ '/F TME MEAn'tC ;:Da AP.Trn.' LAF.Y. 




MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 105 

that, as part and parcel of the fee of Drogo, it is not even mentioned in Domesday, so 
that it must have either been included in Preston, or surveyed under some name wWch is 
now not known as referring to it. Heda, a port, (Saxon) a small haven, seems accurately 
to describe it. In the absence, therefore, of authentic evidence, it is the more immediate 
duty of the topographer to notice those leading facts from which any information may be 
derived, and which comes within the reach of authentic history.'' The earliest period at 
which it rose into notice, is in the reign of king Henry II. when its over lord obtained a 
grant of free burgage, in the following terms : — 

Henry King of England and Duke of Normandy and Acquitan to all justices and sheriffs and to all his 
ministers of all England France &c. greeting Know ye that I have granted to Wm. Earl of Albemarle free 
burgage in Heddune to him and his heirs in fee and inheritance so that his burgesses of Heddune may hold 
freely and quietly in free burgage as my burgesses of York or Nichol (Lincoln) better and more freely and 
more quietly hold their customs and liberties. These being witnesses Richard de Luci and Wm. son of Ham. 
at Argentoin.'' 

The liberties of York were the model by which several towns on this side the Humber 
obtained their charters. It will be subsequently seen, that these indefinite terms led to 
much inconvenience on the part of the burgesses. It should be remembered, that from 
the time of the conquest, cities and towns were either vested in the crown or else in the 
clerg)-, the baronage or the great men of the laity ; that is, the king was immediate lord of 
some towns, and particular persons were lords of others. Thus free burgage was not 
granted to the inhabitants, but to Wm. le Gross, its over lord. King John confirms this 
charter in the 2nd year of his reign. 

John by the grace of God, &c. — Know ye that we have granted to Baldwine Earl of Albemarle and Countess 
Ilawise his wife free burgage in Heddune to them and their heirs in fee and inheritance so that their burgesses 
of Heddune may hold freely and quietly in free burgage as our burgesses of York and Nichol (Lincoln) better 
and more quietly hold their customs and liberties as King Henry our father to Wm. Earl of Albemarle by his 
reasonable charter granted. These being witnesses — Wm Earl of Salisbury Hugh de Neville Wm de Vernon 
Earl of Devon Wm. de Lanvalay. Given by the hand of Symon Well' archdeacon at Caneford 13 December 
in the 2nd year of our i:e\gn. — fSee ihefac shnilej 

These charters of confirmation were not granted gratuitously, and the king's necessities 
would not allow him to overlook the pecuniary consideration. It will be seen from the 
following curious letter to the sovereign, from Baldwin de Betun, that he had been called 
upon by the burgesses to redeem the pledge given by them of paying 70 marks to the 
king for this very charter of confirmation. Wm. Lanvalay, one of the justices, or Gal- 
frid de Bokeland, is to receive the money, half at Easter, and half at Michaelmas. 

" The Rhyming Charter of King Athelstan, from which a quotation is made as being part of one granted to 
Hedon, deserves little notice, the reader is referred to Beverlac, p. 31, et sequens. St. John de Beverky does 
not seem to have taken Hedon under his protection. *■ The original is lost ; the above, being repeated, 

is taken from a charter of inspeximus, 2 H. 5. p. 2. n. 5, in Turr asservata. 



106 HE DON. 

Rev'endo d'no etc. miles suns B. cle Bel' Com' Aubem' sal't' & serviciu' fidele. Rogav'imt me Burgensis 
niei de Heddun' ut replegiare eos erga vos de Lxx marc' q's vob' p' mis'unt p' confirmat'o'e v'ra h'nda, de 
lib'tatibz suis : un' vo'b ut d'no meo notu' facio q'd pl'g' illor' sum de eod' debito ; ita sc'l't q'd ad volu'tate 
& ad sum'o'iem v'ram ad die q' mi ponetis vob' in plene satisfacia' val.' Et hte litt'e mittimt'r p' 'Will' 
de Lanvakiy, justic, vl Gaufr' de Bokeland, ad recipiend' medietate illius pecu'ie ad Pasch' & altam medietate 
ad fest' sci' Micb' » 

It is evident de Betun intended the burgesses should pay the 70 marks, and he no 
doubt eventually compelled them to do so. The lords in demesne, to whom the inhabit- 
ants were bound in fidelity and allegiance, were in no cases, perhaps, disposed to part 
with their power but on stipulated conditions. The Hedon charters, no doubt, relieved 
the newly made burgesses from many galling services ; yet they seem to be, for the 
present, left much at the mercy of their over lord ;'' for only in the next reign 

32 11. Ilf. a charter of free warren is granted by the crown to a sub lord, who must have been enfeoffed by 
the Albemarle family. How the privileges and powers of free warren, at least in the manner in which they 
were enforced in those days, were compatible with free burgage tenure, it would at this distant period be diffi- 
cult to determine ; it is to be feared, that the arbitrary powers of the over lord, either from the weakness, or 
want of government, had rendered the grant of free burgage almost a nullity. The king to archbishops, &c. 

Greeting — Know ye that we have granted and by our charter confirmed to our beloved and faithful Simon de 
Hedon that he and his heirs may for ever have free warren in all his divers lands and in his manor of Hedon 
so that no person shall enter to take or chase in them what belongs to free warren without permission and 
license of the said Simon de Hedon under forfeiture to us of ten pounds. 'Wherefore we will, Sec. these being 
witnesses the venerable father W. abp. of York primate of England, &c. Given under our hand at West, 
minster 21 day of July, ^C^ 

Temp. R. I.— Hugo, son of Richd. de llamthorn, gives and quit claims, to the Earl of Albemarle, in the 
free burgage of Iledon, his right and property in Richard, son of Wm. de Paul, with his whole sequel, and 
delivers him into the hands of Ranulph, the sheriff, and Adam de la Twyer, bailiff, of Hedon. 'Witnessed by 
Ralph, the sheriff, Adam de la Twyer, iac.^ 

This would appear to be an act of emancipation, arising from the privileges created by 
the late charters ; for if a slave escaped from his master, and lived unreclaimed in any 
of the cities, burghs, or castles, a year and a day, he became thereby a freeman for ever. 

In the same reign, the Earl of Alb gave to 'Wm. Constable 100 sh. yearly, of his rents in Holderness, viz. 
of his i-ents in Hedon 3 marks, and of Elstanwick -17 sh. and the rest out of Lelle : and because it was a 
trouble to charge the collection and payment of so small a sum on three towns, in the renewing of that grant, 
by Wm. de Fortibus to Robert Constable, subsequently, he granted it entirely to him out of the rent of Hedon. 
There are but few circumstances relative to the internal affairs of this place at the 
period which can be considered of much moment. The wood market and sheriff brigg 
are referred to 

Temp. H. III. Ivo Somer de Iledon grants to Gilbert de Sireward a place in the Wood Market gate, to be 

" Rot. Chart. 2 Ino. Mem. 18 indorso p. 09. ^ The unfree condition of the people, the privileges 

conferred by charter, &c. &c. is explained in Beverlac, p. 49, (et sequens) which the space allotted to this work 
will not allow of being repeated. c In Tur. Lon. asservata. '' Meaux Chart. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 107 

held of Sir John Pasmer.a In the same reign Wm. PuUe de Hedon sold to Stephen, son of John, s-heriff of 
Hedon (from whence the name of Sheriff Brigg), the land which lay towards the south, next the house of the 
late Henry Mons, in the street in Iledon leading to Cattle Brigge.'' 

The next charter, dated 56 H. III. contains the grant of a fair ; and, as in the previous 
1272"! cases, is conceded to the over lord, Edmund Crouchback, earl of Lancaster ; who 
E. I./ in right of Aveline, his wife, had become lord of the seigniory — (p. 34). 

The king to Archbp.'s health, &c. Know ye that we have granted and by this our present charter confirmed 
to Edmund our son and to Aveline his wife and their heirs for ever that they may have one market every 
seven days on Thursday at their manor of Skipsea" in the county of York and a fair al their manor of Hedon 
in the same county every year for eight days duration viz. in the eve in the day and in the morning of St. 
Augustine Bishop and for five days following and a fair at their manor of Pocklington in the county aforesaid 
every year for eight days duration viz. in the eve in the day and in the morning'' of All Saints and for five days 
following unless that market and fair be to the injury of any other neighbouring fair and market. Wherefore 
we will and firmly command for us and our heirs that the aforesaid Edmund and Aveline his wife and their 
heirs may have the aforesaid markets and fairs for ever &c. with all &c. unless &c. These being witnesses the 
venerable father M. Winton &:c. Given by our hand at Winchester 7 day of January.' 

In the lapse of 600 years the particulars of the state and condition of this place cannot 
be detailed with minuteness, at the period now referred to, for want of those documentary 
evidences which are necessary to the developement of its internal affairs. Unfortunately, 
Hedon is not rich in such documents, they being either lost or destroyed ; and it is only 
from the information derived from its charters and inquisitions, preserved by being 
enrolled in the tower, that any correct information can be obtained. These will be given 
in succession, as, in the absence of other matter, they throw the greatest light upon the 
subject. 

9 E. I. — An inquisition, by precept of the king, is commanded to be held before Thomas de Normanville, 
relative to the state and value of the issues of the town of Hedon ; and of the means and abilities possessed 
by the men of the said town ; and whether it would be to the advantage or injury of the lord the king if the 
said town was let in fee farm to the inhabitants. The jury assigned to the inquest were, Sir John de Carlton, 
Wm. de Faulconburg, John Passmer, Henry de Preston, knts. ; John de Drynghow, John de Cameryngton, 
Alex, de Holme, Wm, de Grymeston, Symond de Lund, Wm. de Hoton, Henry de Wyveton, and Wm. de 
Holm ; who say upon their oaths, that if things remain as they are now (rebus se habentibus ut nunc) the 
aforesaid town is worth £40. per annum ; the underneath re-payments deducted, viz. to each bailiff 20sh. per 
ann. two sub-bailiffs, with a clerk, 20s. per ann. in supporting two bridges of the said town, a windmill, a hall, 
and a gaol, 20s. per ann. and so the town has been in the hands of the lord the king. They say also, upon 
their oaths, that the men of the aforesaid town are reduced and poor. And as to whether it be to the advau- 

' Cart. 159, 49 '' Mid. Bail. "= A subsequent charter, dated 12 E. III. to Skipsea, for a market and 
two fairs. — See page 445. "^ The eve of a feast is the day before it occurs, the morning or morrow of a feast 
the day after; thus the feast of St. Augustine is Aug. 21, therefore the eve would be the 20th, the day 21st, 
the morrow 22nd, and the fair would be held from the 20th Aug. to the 27th, both inclusive. 

*■ £6 H. III. M. 6, pt. In Tur. Lon, Asservata. 

VOL. II. Q 



108 IIEDON. 

tage or injury of the lord the king if the town be k-t at fee farm, they believe tliat if it be let at fee fanu." for 
a space of time, it may be better for him ; and if not let to them in fee farm for a time, it may he injurious, 
because many will remove themselves from the town in which they are talliaged every year That there are 
near the aforesaid town two towns of Eaveusrod and Hull, with two good ports, increasing from day to day ; 
and there they may dwell without being talliaged. In testimony whereof the aforesaid jurors have affixed their 
seal, with the seal of the aforesaid Sir Thomas de Normanvill.'' 

It will be recollected that Edw. I. became Lord of the Seigniory on the death of Aveline 
de Fortibus, (p. 39,) which accounts for the above expression, — "and so the town has 
been in the hands of the Lord the King," that is, had paid £40 per annum, subject to the 
deductions enumerated. It is not necessary, here, to enter into any dissertation on the 
advantages derived from the reign of this prince, although the increase of their liberties 
may take date from his accession. The inhabitants are here described as poor and 
reduced, and one of the reasons assigned is, that they are talliaged every year ; this was 
one of the consequences of holding free burgage of their lord, the lords of Holderness 
having, till now, the power, with the king's consent, of levying talliages upon the 
burgesses of Hedon, at their pleasure. The two competing ports of Kavensrod and 
Hull were, perhaps, the other causes of their being reduced. The Hildyard family 
appear to have possessed considerable property here in this reign. 

By an inquisition, taken at Headon, on Thursday next after the feast of St. Hillary, in the year 1296, 24 
E. I. it was found that Johan, widow of Robert Hildyard, held immy. of the king, as of the hon. of Alb. a 
capital messuage here, worth yearly, 20s. ; a dove cote 3s. ; 15 tofts, held at the will of the lord, each worth 
3s. yearly, £2. 5s. Od. ; a close yearly, 4s. ; twelve oxgangs and a half of arable land, at a mark each, £8 ■ 6s. 8d. ; 
a certain foreland, per ann. 10s. ; a place called Brockenholm, per ann 10s. ; two windmills ; £1 . per ann. — 
All the above held immediately of the crown, by knt. service, but not as of fee /^ 

It has already been mentioned as a subject of regret, that genuine authentic, information, 
relative to the trade and commerce of Holderness, is very difEcult, if not impossible, to 
be collected. It is only from occasional incidental remarks that a glimpse is caught of its 
manufacture. 

In 4th of the reign of King John, Hedon is mentioned, with Beverley, as paying a fine to him, that they 
might buy and sell dyed cloths, as they were accustomed to do in the time of H. II. From this, and the 
evidences of Sir John Pasmer, knt. it is not impossible the clothing trade might have once existed here. Hugh, 
son of John Botild. de Hedon, gave to Warner de Preston, dyer (Tinctori) burgess of Hedon, and to Maud, his 
wife, daughter of Hamo de Lelley, lands and tenements here in Market gate, and an annual rent of 2s, 8d. out 
of a house in Wood Market gate. Tested by Sir John Pasmer. This Sir John Pasmer, knt. of Hedon, as he 

a When land, or other desirable estate, was granted to an aggregate body, or to any person or persons having 
perpetual succession, it was sometimes granted in Feudi Ferma. Feodam was used to denote a perpetual 
estate, or inheritance in land ; it has also been used to signify perpetuity in office, and in a rent or ferm. Thus 
inhtritable offices have been called offices in Fee, and perpetual rents, Fee Farms. 

^ Inq. p. m. 9 E. I. n. 45. In Tur. Lon. asservata. "^ An attested copy by Wm. Ryley, from the Leiger 

Book, at Winestead. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 109 

is described, attests a grant of lands to Sir Simon Constable, of Halsham, IG E. I. Also a grant of Robert 
Frisraarisco, burgess of Hedon, son of tbelate Stephen Frismarisco, to Peter Hildyard, and Alice, his wife, of 
2 closes, inherited from his father. This Sir John died at Hedon, 31 F,. I. as appears by inquisition, a.d. 1302. 

In alluding to this subject, Mr. Frost observes, that " The manufacture of cloth was 
probably carried on here for a considerable time, as the burgesses were convicted, in the 
4th E. I. of making it of less breadth than was required by law. The supposition which 
Leland has mentioned, ' that the staple of wouUe of the north partes was ons ther' is 
evidently without foundation ; and there is reason to believe that the export and import 
of the trade of the town was never so great as to rank it among the principal sea-ports. 
And yet, long after Hull had attained the summit of its commercial greatness, it appears 
corn was shipped from Hedon to Berwick-upon-Tweed, under a royal mandate, dated 
May 1 3, 1 357, and addressed to the king's bailiffs of Hedon, and his collectors of the petty 
customs there.-'" 

E. n. 1307. — In 5 E. II. the king being informed that the sewer betwixt the port of 
Hedon and his manor of Burstwick, wanted cleaning and repair, and that the charge 
thereof, in regard of his demesnes there, belonged to himself, directed his precept to 
Edmund de Mauley, then his guardian of that lordship, commanding him to take order to 
scour and repair the same (p. 117). 

Symond Wynsted, of Hedon, releases to Sir Hugh, parson of the chapel of Nuthill, his right to a croft, with 
the ditch of the town of Hedon. in the north side of the way leading to the chapel of St. Mary Magdalene. 
Tested by Sir John Nuthill, knt, and others, at Hedon, 16 E. 11. (Endorsed Headon Chintry, Maudlin Way.) 

E. III. 1327. — In the twelfth year of this reign, 1338, Margery, the widow of Robert 
de Botheby, and the burgesses of Hedon, did, by divers petitions exhibit to the king and 
his council in parliament, represent that a certain sewer, called the Sturch, which goeth 
from the town of Bond Brustwyk, through the mulst of Hedon, into the Humber, &c. &c. 
that these burgesses, who held the said town of Headon of the king, by a certain yearly 
ferm ; and for their better paying thereof used to receive much commodities by boats and 
other vessels, that had wont to be carried to that town by the icater of the said sewer, 
which by making of trenches was then dried up, &c.'' This is perhaps the Flete Ditch 
often alluded to, but the subject will be again referred to. It appears there was a gram- 
mar school here, as in 16 E. III. Wm. de la Pole, lord of the manor of Burstwick, granted 
to Master Wm. de Ryall, clerk, the discipline and custody of the scholars of the grammar 
school (grammaticarum scholarum) of Hedon for five years, but this grant was afterwards 
revoked by the king." The king being engaged in his Scottish wars, as referred to p. 53, 
issued a writ to the burgesses of Hedon, directed to the bailiffs of the port, for the 
exportation of corn, on the 15th of May, dated at Westminster ; and another followed on 

=■ Frost's Notices, pp. 97, 98. " See Dugdale's Embankment. ' Eidley, 1-93, 9-1. 



the 20th for 20 quarters." These writs were independent of the quantity to be collected 
in Holderness, and sent to Hull. 

It was during the glorious reign of this monarch, that the charter of liberties to the 
burgesses was granted to them ; " Magna Charta liber talis villce," as it was, in a sub- 
sequent reign, designated in the will of John Sharp, a burgess of Hedon, who left 3s. 4d. 
tow-ards the expences of obtaining its confirmation. The burgesses were no doubt subject 
to all the grievances and hardships attendant upon their yet unfranchised condition in these 
unsettled times ; and it appears they had met with great obstructions from the ambiguous 
or general terms of their former charters. This charter in its preamble states, that 

We desiring to specify and more fully declare the said liberties customs and acquittances from our aforesaid 
progenitors have granted indemnity under the generality of the words in future times as they are expressed 
and specified in the charters of the citizens aforesaid &c. &£C. Willing to specify and define the said liberties 
customs and acquittances and to declare each of them more clearly. We grant Sec. 

Edwardus dei gra" Eex angV & ffranc' D'n's Hib'n' Archiepis' Epis' Abb'ib' Priorib' Baronib' Justic' 
vicecomitib' prepositis Ballivis ministris k om'ib' fidelib' suis Sal't'm. Sciatis q'd cum p' cartas p'genitor' 
n'ror' quondam Regura Angl' quas p' cartam n'ram confirmavim' Burgensib' ville n're de Hedon' infra 
lib'tatem de Holdernesse sit concessum q'd ip'i & eor" successores h'eant om'es lib'tates cuslumas & quietancias 
quas Gives civitatum Ebor' & Lincoln' h'ent p' ut in d'ca carta n'ra eonfirmac'o'is plenius continet'. Ac jam 
p'fati Burgenses n'ri d'ce ville de Hedon' nob' supplicav'int q'd licet ip'i Sc eor' antecessores & p'decessores 
Burgenses ville illius nonnullis lib'tatib' custumis & quietanciis illis usi sunt & g'avisi a tempore concessionis 
& confirmac'ois p'd'c'ar' p'd'cis Burgensib' de Hedon" ut p"tangit' con'fcar' semp' hactenus virtute d'cor' v'bor' 
gene'atium uti consuev'int & gaudere d'ci tamen nunc Burgenses de Hedon' quominus ip'i libtatib' custumis & 
quietanciis p'd'cis uti possint ut solebant in div'sis locis tam p' ministros n'ros q'm alior' impediti existunt & 
occasionali metuant'q p"textu gen'alitatis d'cor' v'bor' se sup' d'cis lib'tatib' & quietanciis posse dec'eto 
inquietari frequencius & g'vari vclim' d'cas lib'tates custumas & quietancias p' p'dcos p'genitores n'ros & nos 
sub gen'alitate v'bor' sic concessas p' eor' indempnitate temporib' futuris p' ut in cartis d'cor' Civium expri- 
munt' Sc specificantur specificare & plenius declarare. Nos ad d'ca v'ba gen'alia in d'cis oartis ip'or' p'genitor' 
n'ror' contenta & ip'or' v'bor' intenc'o'em" necnon ad confirmaco'em' & concessionem n'ras p'd'cas d'cis Bur- 
gensib' n'ris de Hedon' sup' p'missis ut p' mittit' f'c'as considerac'o'em h'entes. Ac volentes considerac'o'e' 
p'raissor' & p' eo q'd p'd'ci Burgensis n'ri de Hedon' quandam annua' su'raum ultra firmam de qua nob' de 
eadera villa hactenus responsum fuit nob' solvent infutur' necnon ob meliorac'o'em ejusdem ville quam Cam'e 
n're reservavim' volentes d'cas lib'tates custumas & quietancias & ear' singulas specificare & exp'ssare ac evi- 
denoius declarare concessim' p' nob' & heredib' n'ris & hac carta n'ra confirmavim' eisdem Burgensib' de 
Hedon' q'd ip'i & eor' heredes & successores villara p'dcam' cum p'tin' una cum lib'tatib' jurib' vastis placeig 
vacuis k omnib' aliis ad villam illam qualit'cunq' spectantib' sive p'tinentib' h'eant & teneant sibi & succes- 
sorib' suis de nob' & heredib' n'ris ad feodi firmam imp'p'm Reddendo inde nob' p' annu' ad man'iu' n'r'm de 
Brustwyk viginti & quatuor libras de quib" nob' p' ip'os Burgenses hactenus p' annu' responsum fuit & ultra 
hoc sex libras annuas de incremento ad festa Pasche nativitatis s'c'i Joh'is Bapt'e s'c'i Mich'is & natalis d'ni 
p' equates porc'o'es salvis semp' nob' & heredib' n'ris prisona ibidem de om'ib' prisonis quos ext' villain 
p'd'cam infra d'cam lib'tatem de Holdernesse ind'cari k capi contig'it & om'ib' aliis p'ficuis de eadem prisona 

' Rot. Scot, 805 and 6. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. Ill 

jj'veiiientib' ac om'ib' novis redJitib' p' natives' n'ros in eadem villa hactenus adquisitis & ibidem impost'um 
adquirendis et q'd senescalli k Ballivi n'ri & heredum n'ror' de p'd"co man'io de Brustwyk in aula p' litor' d'ce 
ville de Hedon' tenere possint Wapentachiu' de Holdernesse & nlia p'lita forinseca tam de feloniis q'm de aliis 
contractib' & t'nsgressionib' forinsecis extra eandem villara infra d'cam lib'tatem de Holdernesse em'gentib' 
quandocumq' eisdem ministris n'ris videbil' expedire. Coacessim' insup' p' nob' & heredib' n'ris q'd p'd'c'i 
Burgenses & eor' heredes & successores d'cam aulam cum prisona in manib' suis p'priis semp' teneant & susten- 
tent sumptib' suis p'priis Aceciam q'd iidem Burgenses & eor' heredes & successores c oitatem int' se h'eant Sc 
majorem & Ballivos Coronatorem ac alios ministros idoneos de se ip'is elig'e k creare possint annuatim qui 
p'stitis sacr'is p'ut moris estextunc eafaciant &: conservent que ad officia majoris Ballivor' coronatoris & minis- 
tror' hi' p'tinent in eadem villa facienda & exc'cenda & etiam q'd p' quiete & t'nquillitate tam ho'i'm ville 
p'd'ce q'm mercator' et alior' ad eandem villam confluenciu' quodam sigillum in eadem villa h'eat' p' nos' 
ordinand' de duab' peo'iis ut est consuetam p'recognic'o'ib' debitor' ibidem juxta formam statutor' p' merca- 
torib' editor' accipiend' & q'd major pars sigilli illius remeaneat in custodia p'dc'i majoris q'm p' tempore fu'it 
& minor pars ejusdem sigilli in custodia eujusdam c'lici p' nos & heredes n'ros ibidem juxta formam statutor' 
p'd'cor' deputand' et q'd iidem major & clicus recognic'o'es debitor' recipiant juxta formam statutor' eor'dem 
& recognico'es ille execuco'i debite demandent' et eciam q'd nullus Burgensium ville p'd'c'e imp'litet aut 
impl'itet' ex' villam p'd'cam de t'ris aut ten' que tenent infra eandem villam nee de aliqua t'nsgressione in 
eadem f'c'a nisi coram majore & Balhvis ejusdem ville et q'd iidem Burgenses h'eant infra lib'tatem ejusdem 
ville Infangthef & Outfangthef et q'd ip'i heredes & successores sui imp'p'm p' unu' vel duos I'ras patentes 
Co'itatis sue sup' hoc deferentes tam coram nob' q'm Justic' n'ris de Banco & quibuscunq' aliis Justie' Ballivis 
seu ministris n'ris & heredum n'ror' Cur' & lib'tates suas exig'e possint & earn h'ere de on'ib' p'sonis reb' & 
querelis que ad ip'osSc Curiam suam p' p'sentesp'tinet & q'd p'd'c'i Burgenses &eor' heredes & successores dece'to 
imp'p'm lib'e possint om'ia t'ras redditus & ten' sua que h'eut & sunt h'ituri in eadem villa in testamento sue 
cuicumq' volu'int tanq'm catalla sua legare & q'd ip'i heredes & successores sui imp'p'm sint quieti de theolonio 
muragio pontagio panagio stallagio warnagio t'ragio pictagio cariagio seiagio lastagio cayagio passagio & 
om'ib' aliis p'stac'o'ib' p' totum regnu' n'rm Angl' & alibi ubicumq' infra potestatem n'ram et q'd iidem 
Burgenses & eor' heredes & successores r'one t'rar' & ten' in p'd'c'a villa existencium vel alicujus t'nsgressionis 
in eadem villa Tee non ponant' in assisis Juratis aut inquisic'o'ib' aliquiV ext' p'd'c'am villam capienJ' et q'd 
om'es in p'd'c'a villa h'itantes & h'itaturi m'candisas ibidem exc'centes & lib'tatib' p'd'c'cs gaudere volentes sint 
in gilda lotto & scotto cum Burgensib' p'd'cis in tallagiis contribuc'o'ib' & aliis o'n'ib' co'ib' totam Co'itatem ville 
p'd'ce contingentib' et q'd d'ci Burgenses et eor' heredes et successores non convincant' p' aliquos forinstcos sup' 
aliquib' appellis rettis injuriis t'nsgressionib' criminib' calumpniis et demandis eis impositis aut imponendis 
in d'ca villa p'petrantis aut p'petrand' set solomodo p' Comburgenses suos nisi Co'itas d'ce ville fu'it in 
culpa de aliquo p'missor' vel res ip'a totam Co'itatem aut nos et heredes n'ros tangat et q'd iidem Burgenses 
heredes et successores eui namia capiant p' debitis suis infra lib'tatem ville p'd'ce et q'd h'eant gildam suam 
m'catoriam et hansas suas in villa p'd'ca et q'd p'd'ci Burgenses et eor' heredes et successores p' totum 
regnu' n'rm Angl' & potestatem n'ram banc h'eant lib'tatem videl't q'd ip'i vel eor' bona quocumq' loco in 
d'cis regno & potestate inventa non arestent' p' aliquo debito de quo fide jussores aut principales debitores non 
extit'int & q'd ip'i Burgenses & eor' heredes k successores dec'eto imp'p'm h'eant tam in p'sencia n'ra & heredum 
n'ror' q'm extra assisam panis & c'visie custodiam & assaiam mensurar' k ponder' ac alia quecumq' ad officiu' 
m'cati p'tinencia in p'd'c'a villa & t'nsgressores p'd'ce assise panis & c'visie & def'cus mensurar ponde'r ac 
alior' ad d'cm officiu' m'cati p'tinenciu' modo debito puniant corrigant k emendent. Ita q'd cl'icus de m'cato 
seu ahus minist' n'r vel heredum n'ror' d'cam villam non ingrediat' ad aliqua que ad officium d'ci m'cati 
p'tinent in eadem faciend' vel exequend' & q'd p'd'ci Major & Ballivi ville p'd'ce qui p' tempore fu'int h'eant 



112 HEDON. 

retumu' o'im bre'um n'ror' & cxecuc'o'cs eor'dera ac siimoniconu' de Sc'io ac cognic'o'es o'im p' litor' de t'ris 
redditib' tenementis t'nsgressionib' convenc'oib' & contractib' quibuscunq' infra p'd'cam villam qualit'cumq' 
em'gentib' tam in p'sencia n'ra & heredum n'ror' q'm absencia sine occ'one vel impedimento u'ri vel heredum 
n'ror' Senescallor' Marescallor' aut alior' Alinistror' n'ror" quor'curaq'. Ita q'd iidem Senescalli & Marescalli 
de cognic'oib' p'litor' de hujusmodi t'nsgressionib' convenc'o'ib' aut contractib' infra villam p'dc'am em'gentib' 
se nullatenus intromittant nisi dumtaxat de t'nsgressionib' convenc'o'ib' & contractib' in liospicio n'ro & beredum 
n'ror' & int' illos qui sunt de eodera liospicio f cis & q'd iidem Burgenses &: eor" heredes & successores p' om'ib' 
p'd'cis lib'tatib' calumpniand' & h'end' p'sequi valeant p' mediu' portnm ibidem usq' medium file aque de 
Humbre. Ita tamen q'd de villa de Pagbelflete nee de aliqua re infi'a d'cam villam de Paghelflete em'gente 
seu de ho'ib' ejusdem in portu de Paghelflete se in aliquo nullatenus intromiitant Sc q'd h'eant pilloriu' tura- 
brellum Sc Thewe in eadem villa de Hedon & q'd h'eant primam empc'o'em o'm'i m'caudisar' infra aquam portus 
ville p'd'ce venienciu' quibuscumq' ministris n'ris dumta\at exceptis. Ita semp" q'd iidem Burgenses & eor' 
heredes & successores reddant nob' & heredib' n'ris d'cam anniiam firmam triginta librar' ad t'rainos p'd'cos ad 
man'iu p'd'cm & manuteneant k sustentent sumptib' suis p'prius d'cam aulam p'litor' & prisonam ac om'es 
pontes ad d'c'am villam de Hedon' p'tinentes quos nos reparare solebam' & emendare p'visum ^^enescalli de 
Holdernesse qui p' tempore fu'it vel ip'ius locuratenentis imp'p'm. Quare volum' & flrmit' p'cipim' p' nob' & 
heredib' n'ris q'd p'd'ci Burgenses de Iledon' & eor' heredes successores om'es lib'tates k quietancias p'd'cas 
imp'p'm h'eant & teneant & eis gaudeant & utant' sicut p'dc'm est sine occ'one vel impedimento n'ri vel heredum 
n'ror' Justic' Escaetor' Vicecomitum aut alior' Ballivor' seu ministror' n'ror' quor'cumq' hiis testib' ven'abilib' 
p'r'ib' I. Archiepo cantuar' tocius AngV primate W. Wynton' Epo' Thes'uro Ex London' Ep'o Henr' Lancastr 
Will'o de Bohun Norhampton Ric'o Arundell' Comitib' Mag'ro Joh'e de Oifood' Decano Lincoln Cancellar' 
n'ro Thoma Wake de Lidel Rico' Talbot Senescallo Ilospicii n'ri & aliis. Dat" p' manum n'ram apud Westm' 
sextodecimo die April' anno regni n'ri Angl' vicesimo s'c'do regni v'o n'ri ffranc' nono. 

The privileges and liberties confirmed and further granted, in this charter, arc, 
That the burgesses of Hedon, and their heirs and successors, for ever, are to have and hold, wiih its appur- 
tenances, together with the rights, all void and waste places, and all other things whatsoever to tlie same town 
appertaining ; that from henceforth they were to pay to the king, at his manor of Burstwyck, tweuty-four 
pounds per annum, which they had hitherto paid ; and also six pounds more annually, as an increase, at the 
terms of Easter, Midsummer, Michaelmas, and Christmas, in equal portions. Saving the right to the king, 
and his heirs, the use of the prison, and all prisoners who may be taken or discovered, wilhout the town, 
within the said liberty of Holderness; and all other profits arising from the same prison ; and all new rentals 
hitherto obtained from the nativi of the king in the same town, or about to be obtained. That the steward 
and bailiff of the king, or his heirs, of the manor of Burstwyck, may hold the wapentake court of Holderness 
in the hall of pleas, in the said town of Hedon, and other foreign pleas, as well as of felonies as of other con- 
tracts and foreign transgressions, issuing without the town, within the said liberty of Holderness, &c. That 
the burgesses were to hold the said hall, with the prison, in their own hands, and maintain it at their own 
proper expence. And, also, that they were to have a community among themselves, and annually elect a 
mayor and bailiffs, coroner, and other proper officers. And. also, for the quiet and tranquillity of the bur- 
gesses, as well as of merchants resorting to the town, they were to have a seal, to be ordained by the king, in 
two parts. That the major part of the said seal was to remain in the custody of the mayor for the time being, 
and the minor part of the said seal in the custody of a clerk, to be deputed by the king. And that the said 
mayor and clerk were to receive recognizances of debtors, &c. &c. That the burgesses were not to implead, 
or be impleaded, without the town, unless before the mayor and bailiffs of tiie same town. That the burgesses 
were to have infang thef, and outfang thef, within the liberty of the said town for ever. That the 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 113 

burge!=ses, tlieir heirs and successors, were for the future, for ever, to bequeath by will, as their chattels, all 
their lands, rents, tenements, &c. &c. which they possessed, or hereafter might possess, to whomsoever they 
thought proper. That they were to be free, and for ever quit, throughout the realm of England, and elsewhere 
within the king's dominions, from toll, murage, pontage, panage, stallage, warnage, terrage, piccage, carriage, 
seiage, lastage, cayage, passage, and all other prestations. That they were not to serve as jurors without the 
town. And all persons residing in the town, carrying on merchandize, who were willing to enjoy the aforesaid 
liberties, were to be of the gild, and, in scot and lot, contributing with the burgesses to the afoiesaid talliages, 
and other common burdens attaching to the whole community. That the burgesses were to be convicted 
for crimes, transgressions, &c. perpetrated in the town, only by their co-burgesses, unless under certain con- 
siderations. That they might make seizure for debts within the town ; that they might have a merchants' 
guild and Hanshus ; and that they and their goods, in whatsoever place found, were to be free from arrest in 
any place within the king's dominions, for which the persons arresting were neither the sureties or principals.^ 
That the burgesses were to have the assize of bread and ale, and assay of measures and weights, and all other 
things belonging to the office of markets in the burgh. That the king"s officers were not to enter such markets. 
That the mayor and bailifi's were to have the return of all writs, executions, &c. &c. without any interference 
from the king's officers ; unless only with respect to the same as it afl'ected the king's household, and those 
who were of the same household. Tliat these privileges were to extend from the middle of the port to the 
mid-stream of the Humber ; and they were on no account to enter or interfere with port of Paghelflete, or with 
the men of that place. That they were to have pillory, tumbrell and thewe, in their town of Hedon. That 
they might have the first purchase of all merchandize whatsoever coming to the port, the king's officers being 
only excepted. That on payment being made of the sum specified of thirty pounds, these liberties were 
ratified and confirmed. That the burgesses were to repair and sustain the hall of pleas, prison, and bridges, 
belonging to the town (which the king, as lord of Holderness, was used to repair), under the inspection of the 
steward of Holderness, or his locum tenens, for ever. — Given at Westminster, Jic. IGth Ap. 22 E. III. 

The following proceedings in a common hall, held very shortly after the above charter 
was obtained, will throw some light upon the proceedings in a common hall. As no mode 
of electing the mayor, bailiffs, &c. is pointed out in the charter, it is most probable, that 
the burgesses adopted the example of neighbouring boroughs, and regulated their pro- 
ceedings by the adoption of their own bye-laws. 6s. 8d. was the fee for admission to the 
freedom of the burgh. 
Meeting of the commonalty, held Friday next before Communitas tent' die Ven'is p'x ante festu' Sti 

the feast of St. Michael, in the 25th year of the Mich'is Anno 11. R. Ed. t'cii a couq. xxv. 

reign of King Edward III. from the conquest. 

The same day the several officers and ministers Eod'm die electu fuerint div'si officiar' & ministri 

were elected for the benefit of the community, ac- p' co'i vtilitas p'ut moris est p' anno fut'o videli't — 

cording to custom, for the forthcoming year; namely, Will'e Clero maior' ville p'd'te Joh'es fil Mathey & 

Wm. Clerk, mayor of the town aforesaid ; John, son Rob'tus Day balli' Joh'e de Welwyk coronator Simeo 

» This was a great privilege ; for, previously to obtaining this charter, a burgess of Hedon might be arrested 
in any other town for the debts of a third person, if the creditor of that person could prove that his debtor was 
solvent; and the prisoner was left to his remedy against bis townsman in the best manner he was able. — 
Beverlac, p. 76. 



114 



HEDOM. 



of Mathey and Robt. Day, bailiffs ; John de Welwyk, 
coroner ; Simon Maupas, and Willm. de Westmeyls, 
constables and keepers of the peace ; Robert Oust, 
chamberlain, conipotus of Adam Maupas. 

Item, the same day Adam Maupas, chamberlain, 
made his final account, viz. of ix" xvi'- i^""- received 
of the moneys of the commonalty ; viz. for rents of 
the commonalty xxxvii' ij''- and remainder of the 
profits of the commonalty, of which was spent in 
expenses for the use of the same, cxv'- xi^""- ; and so 
there is due in the clear Lx"- ii""- which was paid by 
him to Robert Oust, chamberlain. And afterwards 
the aforesaid Adam, the same day, rendered a final 
account in the 25lh year of the reign aforesaid, and 
so he is quit of this roll. 

6s. 8d.— Item, the same day John de Waltham 
paid to the commonalty, to have his freedom, fis. 8d. 

Item, the same day Robert Oust took of the com- 
monalty, one close, next the close of the same Robert 
lying on the south, in the parish of St. Nicholas, for 
himself and his heirs for ever ; paying per ann. to 
the commonalty Gd. at the usual terms. 
Common hall held at Hedon, on Monday next after 

the feast of St. Lucia, in the 25th year of the reign 

of King Edward III. after the conquest. 

In the same day, Peter de Spalding paid to the 
commonalty, for his freedom, 6s. 8d. 

In the same day, Wm. Wylyghby paid to the 
commonalty, for his freedom, 6s. 8d. 

In the same day, John de Sanderwyk paid twice 
to the commonalty, for his freedom, 13s. 4d. 

In the same day, John Floke Walker paid twice 
to the commonalty, for his freedom, 13s. 4d. 
Common hall held at Hedon, Thursday after the 

feast of St. Nicholas Bishop, in the year above 

said. 

In the same day, John German was elected coroner 
of the town of Hedon, in the place of John de Well- 
wyk, and took the oath. 

In the same day, Wm. de Burton, and Stephen 
de Burton, bailiffs of the liberty aforesaid, rendered 
their account. 

By an inquisition held here on the death of the abbat 

arable land was worth 6d. per annum, meadow 2s. and an 

" Cart M. penes 



Maupas & Will'e de Westmeyls constabularii & cus- 
todes pacis Robert' Oust cam'ar' compof Ad'e Maup'. 



It'm eod'm die Adam Maupas cam'ar' reddidit 
finale compotu' su'u' videli't de ix"- xvi"' i''' oh recept' 
de arg' co'ita't' videli't de redditib' co'ita't' xxxvii'- id- 
ob 8c residiu' de p'ficuis c'oi'b' de quib' comput' in 
expensis p' co'i vtilitate fact' cxv* xi''- ob &. sic deb' 
de claro Lx'- ii'' quos p' e' solv'e Rob'to Oust cam'ar' 
Et Postea p'd'cus ad eod'm die reddidit finale' comp'u' 
de Anno Regi p'd'ci xxv Sc sic de isto rot'lo quiet' 



vi>. viiid — Ifm eod'm die Joh'es deWaltham dedit 
co'ita't p' libtate sua h'end vi'- viii''- 

It'm eod'm die Rob'tus Oust cepit de co'itate u-n'm 
clausa' jux clausam ei'dm Rob'ti jac austru' in p'o- 
chia S'c'i Nichi' sibi et heredib' suis imp'p'm et 
reddet p' ann'u co'itati vi''' t'ies consuetes. 

Communit' tent' apud Hedon die Lunnep' x'antef'm 

S'te Luce a°- R. R. Ed' t'tii post conquestu 

Ang' xxv. 

Eod'm die Pet'r' de Spalding dcd' co'itati p' libtate 
sua h'end vi=- viii''- 

It'm Eod'm die Will's Wylyghby ded' co'itati p' 
lib'tate sua h'end vi'- viii""- 

It'm Eod'm die Joh'es deSanderyk ded' d'os co'itati 
p' libtate sua h'end xiii'- iiii''- 

It'm Eod'm die Joh'es Floke Walker dedit d'os 
co'itati p' lib'tate sua h'end xiii'- iiii""' 
Communit' tent' apud Hedon d'e Ven'is post festu' 

S'te Nich'i Ep'i Anno supradicto 

It' Eod'm dieJoh'es German elect' e'coronatorville 
de Hedon loco Joh'is de Welwyk et fecit Sacr'm. 

It' Eod'm die Will's de Burton et Stephe' de Bur- 
ton balli' lib'tati p' d'ce' reddider'nt comp'us suu". 

of Meaux, 13 E. III. it appeared, that an acre of 
oxgang of pasture 8d. per annum." 
Mr. Smith. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 115 

Rich. II. 1377. — The burgesses, in the first year of this king's reign, obtained a con- 
firmation of his father's charter." 

Wm. de Holm, who died 2 Rich. II. as appears from an indenture executed by Thomas Nuthill, of Filling, 
whose arms are 6 birds, 3. 2. 1., recites that Wm. de Cotes was at that time mayor of Hedon. 

9 Rich. II.— John de Boothby, lord of Ryall, gives to trustees all his lands and tenements, rents and 
sen-ices in Headoa, in fee. 

John Constable, of Flalsham, Esq. also grants to John Collier, parson of Ross, John Scure, chaplain, and, 
Robert Thone, all his lands and tenements in Hedon. which trustees, within 40 days, regrant the same to the 
said John Constable, and Matilda, his wife, and their heirs for ever ; Lady Albreda, mother of John Constable, 
attorns and affirms. 12 Rich. II.— At an inquest, it is stated not to be to the injury of the king, nor of others 
if the the king grants to John de Burton, and Henry Maupas, clerk, license to give to the mayor of Hedon, 
and community of the same, ten messuages, three tofts,^andrsix acres and one rood of meadow, and £4. 4s. 8id. 
of rent, with their appurtenances in Hedon, to hold to him and his successors for ever. 

This grant was appropriated to the use of the chantry of St. Augustine. 

The following compotus, or account of the receipt and expenditure of the borough, from 
Sep. 29, 1389, to the same date in 1390, for one whole year, shews the order and regu- 
larity in which the accounts were kept at this early period of the " Communitas," and 
aSbrds considerable insight into the affairs of the Burgh ; it proves also there were three 
bridges in existence at the time ; the High Bridge, the Cat Bridge, and the Sheriff" 
Bridge. 
Compt' Willi' de Alnnewyk Cam'er' de Heydon a The Compotus of Wni. de Alnnewyk, chamberlain 

Festo S'ti Mich'ys archang'li Anno R'g' Ric'i sc'di of Hedon, from the Feast of St. Michael the Arch- 

a' xiii" usq" d'ci f'ra Sti jMich"is Anno p'd'ci Reg* angel, in the 13lh year of the reign of King Rd. 

Ric'i xiiii"" p' unu' Annu' integru'. the Second, unto the said Feast of St. Michael in 

the 14th year of the aforesaid King Richard, for 
one whole year. 
Et de iii^- vi"*- recept' de h'bag' del commune croft And of 3s. 6d. received for herbage of the common 

sic dimissus hoc a'o Joh'i Waryn ex p't's occiden- croft, this year, of Jno, Waryn, on the west of the 

tal' capelle S'ti Jacobi. chapel of St. James ; so let this year. 

Et de xxi''- r' de fossat' ville * * * Rob'ti Lamb usq' And of 2 Id. rec. for the town ditch to West Brigg, 

le Westbryg vendit' p'dic'o Joh'i hoc a'o. of Hobt. Lamb ; sold to the aforesaid John this yr. 

Et de xxii''- r' de h'bag" viar' a Stanehalm'r usq' le And of 22d. rec. for the herbage of the street, from 

Westbrigg et p' h'bag' viar' int' pom'a Rob't' * * * Stanehalmar to West Brigg ; and for the herbage 

sic diniiss' p'd'co Joh'i hoc anno. of the street between the orchard of Robt. * * * 

of the aforesaid John this year so let. 
Etdexxl''- rec' de h'bag' viar' a domi'b' s'c'iLeonardi And of 21d. rec. for herbage of the street from the 

usq' le cheyne sic dimiss' hoc a'o. house of St. Leonards to the cheyne, so let this yr. 

Et de xviii''' rec' de h'bag" p'ti Ripe fossati ville a le And of 18d. rec. for herbage of the meadow of the 

* * * usq' le cheyne sic dimiss' h' a'o. river ditch of the town, from the * * ' to the 

cheyne, &c. so let this year. 



R. 2. A. 1. pt. 2. m. 20. ; this is only a charter of confirmation. 

VOL. II. 



IK 



Et de v=- rec' de li'bag' fossati viUe a Ic Westbrigg 

usq' le cheyne sic dimiss' h' a'o. 
Et de iis- vi'J- ree' de h'bag p"ti occidental' ripe fossat' 

ville usq' le chej-ne sic vendit hoc anno. 

Et de ii''' rec' de h'bag' fossati ville circa Wychcroft 

sic dimiss' hoc auno. 
Et de iii'"' rec' a h'bag' cujusda' gardini jux pond'm 

Eob'i St'my sic dimiss' hoc a'o. 
Et de iiis- ii*"' rec' p' h'bag' Ripe fossati ville ex p'te 

orient' capelle S'ti Mich'i a Lanbrigg hoc anno 

usq' molend'ura Steph'i Colduan et p' h'bag' viar' 

a p'd'co Molendi'o usq' d'cum Langbrigg sic dimiss' 

hoc anno. 
Fa de xvi''- rec'p' de arundie del Wallyedyke sic 

vend' hoc anno 
Et de xx"*- rec' de h'bag' cujusdara crofti ex p'te 

Occident' plac' Ric'i Raven sic dimiss' hoc anno. 

Et de xxii'i- rec' de h'bag' cujusdam crofti nup' in 

ten'a Agnes de Wylflete sic dimiss' hoc anno. 
Et de ii*' rec' de hbag' cujusdam plaC p't'nent' 

co'itat' via in via sutar' quo' Joh'is Sagheer a- 

vendit hoc a'o. 
Et de x"^- rec' de h'bag' uni' crofd vocat' Cighelkyln 

croft cu" in ag' i'b'm sic dimiss' hoc anno. 
Et de v"*- rec' de h'bag' ii placea' sup' ripam flete 

usq' doraos S'ti Leonardi sic dimiss' hoc anno. 

Et de iiii!^- rec' de c'o'i crofto sic dimiss' hoc ann' 

Will'i de Cotes. 
Et de iiii''- rec' de quad' plac' nup' in ten'u W. 

Maures sup' le fletbank iiii''- 
Et de xviiiii- rec' de qued'm crofto sic dimiss' Ragi- 

naldo Ware hoc anno. 

Sraa' xls. iiii"- 
Red'dus et Fyrms. 
Item de iii''- xvii"- viii^- de rec' de quod'm tm's' 

teu' p'tinent ad coUonem ip'ius Cam'ar' in villa 

p'd'ca ut patz" p' Renttale et de ii'- rec' de Joh'i 

Cottynh'm p' i selda seldar' s" dimiss" hoc anno. 
Et de vi''- rec' de Will'o Smyth de Keyngh'ra p' 

p'd'ca selda. 
Bpc' tax'. 
Et de c'- rec' de Joh'e deLelle soc' suis CoU'c'onbz' 



And of .5s. rec. for herbage of the town ditch, from the 
Westbrigg to the cheyne, &c. so let this year. 

And cf 2s. 6d. rec. for herbage of the meadow on 
the west part of the river ditch to the cheyne, &c. 
so let this year. 

And of 2d. rec. for herbage of the town's ditch, about 
Wychcroft, &c. so let this year. 

And of 3d. rec. for herbage of the same garden (next 
the pound) of Bobt. Sturmy, so let this year. 

And of 3s. 2d. rec for herbage of the river ditch of 
the town, on the west part of the chapel at Lan- 
brigg to the mill of Stephen Colduan, and for the 
herbage of the street of the aforesaid mill to the 
said Langbrigg. &c. so let this year. 

And of 16d. received for reeds of the Wallyedyke, 
thus sold this year. 

And of 20d. rec. for herbage of the same croft, on 
the west part of the plot of Richd. Raven, &c. thus 
sold this year. 

And of 22d. rec. for herbage of the same croft, in the 
tenure of Agnes de Wylllute, &c thus sold this yr. 

And of 2s. rec. for herbage of the same plot, belong- 
ing to the common road in Cobler-street, which 
was so sold to John Sagheer this year. 

And of lOd. rec. for herbage of a croft called Cighel- 
kyln croft, with &c. thus sold this year. 

And of 5d. rec. for herbage of 2 plots upon the river 
flete to the house of St. Leonards, &c. thus sold 
this year. 

And of Js. rec. for the common croft of Wm. Wake, 
and so let this year. 

And of 4d. rec. for a certain plot late in the tenure 
of Wm. Maures, upon the flete bank. 

And of 18d. rec. for a certain croft so let to Reginald 
Warr this year. 

Amount, 40s. 4d. 

Rent and Farms. 

Item, received £3. I6s. 8d. held for certain terms 
belonging to the farm of the said chamber, as ap- 
pears by the rental ; and of 2s. rec of John Cot- 
tingham for a shop of the shops so let this year. 

And 6d. rec. of Wm. Smyth, of Keyngham, for the 
aforesaid shop. 

Rec. for Taxes. 

And of 100s. rec. of John de Lelle, and his com- 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



117 



cujusdam taxac'o'is infra villatn ib'm. 

Sm C-- 
F'm Burg'. 
Ec de xxiii'- iiii''- rec' de Hobt'i Wyntryngham de fine 

burgagu' sui de novo f'c'o burgensi. 
Et de XX*. rec de Johi de Cluele de fine burg' sui de 

novo facto burgens'. 
Et de X*- rec' de burg' Thorn" Goldman. 

S'm Liii'' iiii''- 
Eesoluc Eed'dus. 
Et in redditu resolut' ball'is ville de Hedon p' 

ann' xv*- x'*- 
Et in redditu resolut' eidem ballis p' plac' qu'd'm 

Job'i Sagheer in via sutor' p' ann' ii' vii'' 

Et in r' r' eidem balli's p' plac' quond Willi' Persy 

in Cat Briggate p' ann' xii''- 
Et in r' r" eidem balli's p' qud'm p'lac' nup' in leuura 

Agnet de AVilflete in p'ochi Sti Mich'i hoc a' xiiii'' 

Et in r" r' eid'm balli's p' qu'd'm crofto nup' in ten'a 
Walt'i Smyth in Catbriggate hoc a'o x''' 

Et in r' r' p'curat' Cant'ie b'i Marie de Hedon xii''- 

Et in i-* r' eidem p'curat' p' plac' qu'd' Walti' Amald 
ad I'mS'tis Mich'is t'm i;^'' 

Et in r' r" custod' fabrice Capelle S'ti Augustin' p' 
plac' quod'm Will'i de Swyne hoc a'o xvii'' 

Et in r' r' Mag'ro hospital S'ci Sepulcr" juxta Hedon 

hoc a'o xvi"*' 
Et in r' r' Abb'i & Conventara de Thornton ad festa 

S'ti Martini & Pent' iiii"- 

S'm xxixs- ii'"- 
Feoda. 
Item comp' in feodo soluto Maiori ville de Hedon 

vidz Joh'i Frankish hoc a'o iiii 

Item sdut "WiU'o de Holm p' feodo suo hoc anno 

xxvi^- viii''- 
Item solut Cl'ico cur ville ib'm p' feodo suo hoc a'o 

xxvi'- viii'^- 



panions, collectors of certain taxes within the town. 
Amount, 100s. 
Fee Firm. 
And of "23s. 4d. rec. of Robert Wyutryngham for his 

burgage fine, newly made upon the burgesses. 
And of 20s. rec. from John de Cluele for his burgage 

fine, newly made upon the burgesses. 
And lOs. rec. for burgage of Thos. Goldman. 

Amount, 53s. 4d. 
Rent Repayments. 
And in rent repaid to the bailiffs of the town of 

Hedon per ann. 15s. lOd. 
And in rent repaid to the same baiUffs for a late 

plot of John Sagheer, in Cobler-street, per annum. 

2s. 7d. 
And in rent repaid to same bailiffs for a plot, late 

"W'm. Percy's, in Catbrigg, per ann. 12d. 
And in rent repaid for a certain plot, late in the 

tenure of Agnes Wilflete, in the ph. of St. Michael, 

this year, 14d. 
And in rent repaid to the same bailiffs for a certain 

croft, late in the tenure of Wm. Smyth, in Cat- 
brigg, lOd. 
And in rent repaid to the procurator of the chantry 

of blessed Mary in Hedon, r2d. 
And in rent repaid to the same procurator for a plot, 

formerly Walter Arnald's, at the Feast of St. 

Michael's term, l|d. 
And in rent repaid to the keepers of the fabric of the 

chapel of St Augustine for a plot, late Wm. de 

Swyne's, this year, 17d. 
And in rent repaid to the master of the hospital of 

St. Sepulchre's, near Hedon, this year, 16d. 
And in rent repaid to the abbat and convent of 

Thornton, at the Feast of St. Martin, at Pente- 
cost, 4d. Amount, 29s. 2d. 
Fees. 
Item — Account in fees paid to the mayor of the town 

of Hedon this year ; viz. to John Frankish this 

year, £4. 
Paid to Wm. de Holm, for his fee this year, 26s. Sd. 

Paid to the cleik of the court of the town, for hi'^ fee 
this year, 263. 8d. 



118 



Item solut Joh'o Shyburn p' feodo hoc a'o xx'- 

S'm vii"- xiii*- iiii''- 
Solut ***'*» 
Solut WiU'o Boye & Joh'i Dandson sibi debit 

existens in officio balli viii"*- 
Solut Joli'i Scout & Hugo'i de Thornton sibi debit 

existens in officio balli xx'- 
Solut Joh'i Cottyngston sibi debit existens in officio 

cama'arii xviii^- vi'' 

S'm iiii"- ix'- ii"*' 
Expen' 

Item 1 Ligno emp' p' Specks repar' sp ii''- 
Et solut p' rep'ac' eor' d'm alti pont' ii'' 
Et 1 Waynscota emp' p' repac' del Shyrafbrig ii"*' 

Et solut p' repac' iii'- 

Et solut p' repac muror' falde id. 

Et solut p' viar' * * * vi""- 

Et in xii waynscotes emp' p' emend' iii'- iiii,]. 

Et in i waynscote emp' iii''- 

Etin stipend' p'carpentirip'ii dies carpentant'd' cam x"*' 

Et carpent' dat' i""- 

Et dat' d'n'i Will'o Reef et soc suis ludentib' mane 

Epiph'ne in capelle St. Augustin ex rewardo 

maiori ii* 

Et in expen' p' ge * * * dat' d'ct's luditanb' xn''- 

Et solut cl'ico coi' ex rewardo maiori p' labor' suo 
coUec'ois cujusd' taxe' vi'^ 

Et solut p' munditia co'is sewer apud le commu'e' croft 

in Catbrigg v'- 
Et solut p' carag' Argilla p' repac' c'ois selde in 

forar' una cum repac' cuj'sj' .selde iiiob. 

Et in Stours emp' et » * * p' repac' d'c'e selde iiii'' 

Et solut' Eog'o Cusays p' emendat' alti pont' iob. 

Et solut p' scopand' et p' Stu'mac'o'e ejusd'm i'' 

Et solut Johannede Kelsay p' em'ac'o'e del clok hoc 
anno v* 



Paid to John Shyburn, for his fee this year, 20s. 

Amount, £V2. 13s. 4d. 
Repayments. 
Paid Wm. Boye, and John Dandson due to them, 

being in the office of bailiff, 8d. 
Paid John Scout, and Hugh de Thornton due to them, 

being in the office of baihff, 20s. 
Paid John Cottyngham, due to him, being in the 

office of chamberlain, 18s. 6d. 

Amount, £4. 9s. 2d. 
Expences. 

Item, paid 1 wood, bought for Specks repairs, 2d. 
Item paid for the repairs of the High Bridge, 2d. 
Item, 1 wainscoat, bought for the repairs of Shyraf- 
brig, 2d. 
Item for repairs, Ss. 

Item for repairs of the walls of the sheepfold, Id. 
Item for repairs in the * * * street, 6d. 
Item, 12 wainscoats, bought for repairs, 3s. 4d. 
Item, 1 wainscoat, bought, 3d. 
Item in the wages for a carpenter two days, lOd. 
Item, gave a carpenter Id. 

Item given to Master Wm. Reef and his associates, 

playing in the morning of the Epiphany, in the 

chapel of St. Augustines, as a reward from the 

mayor, 2s. 
Item, and in expences for * * * given to the said 

persons playing, 12d. 
Item to the clerk of the commonalty, as a reward by 

the mayor for his labour in the collection of a cer- 
tain tax, 6d. 
Item for the foundation of the common sewer at the 

common croft in Catbrigg, Id. 
Item paid for the carriage of clay for repairing the 

common shops in the Market-place, together with 

the repairs, 3Jd. 
And in stours bought, and for repairs of the 

said shop, 4d. 
Item paid Roger Cusays, for repairing the High 

Bridge, lid. 
Item paid for * * * brooms, and for of the 

same. Id. 
Item paid John de Kelsay, for repairing of the clock 

this year, 5s. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



119 



Et solut p' ii Lignis emp' p' tumbrello rep'and' iii''- 
Et carag' d'cor' lignor' a fleta usq' forar' i''- 

Et solut iii carpentar' p' repac" d'ci tumbrelli ex 

commc'o'e in crofto ii''- 
Et ejusd'ra carpent'iis iob. 
Et in Astelvvod emp' p' nayllyng et Steels ej'd'm 

tumbrelli i"*- 
Et in i Waynscote p' emendac'o'e alti ponte ii''- 

Et in clav' emp' p' eod' i''- 

Et solut Robt'i de Leven ad colligend' p'e'is ext' fleta 

p' i die iiii"- 
Et in vi pell Sc di p'camene emp' hoc a'o ad opt" 

co'itab' XV ob. 
Et de iiiob solut p' serera' emp'. 

S'm xxviii^- vii''- 
S'm to'l expen' xv''- viiob. Et sic p' istum comp'm 

xxvis- ixob. 
Alloc'ti d'co cam'ar' p" labore suo ii'- Et cl'ico p' 

sc'p'o comp' vi"*- Et p' Joh'is Waryn viJ- Et sup 

expend' xxx^- ix'' 

H. IV. 1399. — A charter of confirmation w 
this reign. These confirmations of charters and privileges to burghs, proceeded from an 
opinion, which obtained in the earliest periods, that, a statute which had been enacted for 
some years, was required to be often renewed, it being imagined that it lost, instead of 
acquiring force, by time. The fines also which were paid for the renewal of charters, 
served to prevent the contrary precedents from turning into a rule, and acquiring 
authority. 

2 H. IV. — Philip le Dispenser, Esq. held 16d. rental, in Hedon, of Thomas de Lancaster, seneshal of Eng- 
land. 10 H. IV. — Wm. Constable, Esq. grants to five trustees, all his lands and tenements in Hedon, inter 
alia, in fee. 

The following presentment to the Sheriffs Tourn Court, (see page 156,) shews the 
attention that was paid to the removal of nuisances and repairs of roads. 

An Inquisition taken at Hedon, hefore the Mayor and Bailiffs, on Monday, l^tli April, in the ■2nd 
year of the reign of King Henry IV. 

Inquisition taken at Hedon, on Monday, the 25th day of April, in the second year of the reign of King 
Henry IV, &c. before the maior and bailifl's of the liberties of the town of Hedon, upon divers articles relating 
to lurno vie, upon the oaths of Peter of Croft, John Spen'er, Matthew de Martlet, Thomas Thorgel, John Boy, 
William de Dike, Henry Chamberlayne, Robert Litster, Jolm Flesbewer, Henry Spenser, William de Kelsey, 
and Thomas Martyn, jurymen, who say upon their oaths, that John de Marflete hath placed his dunghill in 



Item paid for 2 pieces wood, bought to repair the 

tumbrell, 3d. 
Item, carriage of the said wood from the flete to the 

market. Id. 
Item paid three carpenters for the repairs of the said 

tumbrell, 2d. 
Item paid the same carpenters, l^d. 
Item paid in astelwood, bought for nailing and steels 

of the same tumbrell. Id. 
Item paid in one wainstcoat, for the repairs of the 

High Bridge, 2d. 
Item in a key bought for the same. Id. 
Item paid llobt. de Leven, for collecting beyond 

the flete for one day, 4d. 
Item in G| bought this year for the use of the 

commonalty, 15Jd. 
Item for SJd. paid for wax bought. 

Amount, 28s. 7d. 
Sum total expences, £15. VJd. ; and so by this com- 

potus 26s. Old. 
Allotted to the said chamberlain, for his labour, 23. 

and to the clerk, for writing this Compotus, 6d. 

for John Waryn, 6d. ; and above expended, 30s. 9d. 
is obtained by the burgesses in the first of 



120 HEDON. 

the public way in Stockwell Lane, and obstructed the same way in hurt of the public, &c. Item, they say 
that the pubhr road is defective ou the east part of Gannocks, and ought to be repaired by the chamberlain of 
the town. 

Item, they say the public way in Westbriggate, on the north part, towards a certain croft of the master of 
the hospital of Neuton, is per pressur for the space of three feet in breadth, and the length of the croft, which 
ought to be repaired by the said master, or by the tenant of the same, W. Benyngtou. 

Item, they say that Alan Smyth hath made a breach in the public way there, and hath made a pit (or well) 
there, near a croft which then was Robert Cave's, on the north part of the limits, and which ought to be 
repaired by the said Alan. 

Item, they say that Robert de Wyneston, Thomas Pynder, William Redemare, and John Gildesforth, have 
made breaches in the common ground, by having made divers ditches into the common drain, at the end of a 
garden and tenement there, which ought to be repaired by the said Robert, Thomas, William and John. 

Item, they say that the master of the hospital of St. Sepulchere hath made a breach in the bank of the com- 
mon drain, and unto the in the said drain, which ought to be repaired by the said master. 

Item, they say that the Rev. (Dominus) Richard Newbald, hath made a ditch at the east corner of Wiche- 
croft, where a stile ought to be, which by the said Richard ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the common way is defective on the east and west parts, at a tenement of John Waryn, 
in Bakestergate, between the said tenement and the Flete, which by the same John ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the public way is defective from the west part of Whichecroft, which by the said John 
Waryn, and the chamberlain, ought to, be repaired. 

Item, they say that a common sewer is defective joining a tenement late Walter Arnald's, which by the said 
chamberlain ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the common highway is defective in Ba.vtergate, near a tenement late intenure of Adam 
de Walton, which by John de Burton Chapman ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the common highway is defective there near a tenement of Wm. de Redmare, or the cham- 
berlain, which by the said William ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the public highway is defective there near the garden of the master of the hospital of St. 
Sepulchere, which by the same master ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the common highway is defective there at a garden of John Cusas, which by the same 
John ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the common highway is defective there near the tenement of John de Monby, or de 
Brustwyk, which by the same John ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the common highway is defective there from opposite a tenement of Peter Bocherd, 
William Je Rihill, and John Walde, which by the said Peter, William and John ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that there is certain dung in the common highway there, which was sold to or by John de 
Marflet, and till now remains there in default of the same, and ought by the same John to be removed. 

Item, they say that the public highway is defective there, at a tenement of Margaret de Gisburgh, which by 
the same Margaret ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the public highway is defective there, near a tenement of William do Preston, which by 
the same William ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the public highway is defective there, near a tenement of John de Marton, and the abbat 
of Thornton, which by the same John and the abbat ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the public highway is defective there, from opposite a tenement of St. Nicholas, which 
by the keepers of the fabric of the chapel of St. Nicholas ought to be repaired. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 121 

Item, they say that the public highway is defective in the Mila's lane, between a tenement of Stephen Gold- 
man and Beatrice Chapman, which by the same Stephen and Beatrice ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the same Stephen hath placed a dunghill in the common highway at his mill there, 

to the damage of the public, &c. 

Item, they say that Simon de Castre, John Walker, and William Alnewyk, hath made a breach in the com- 
mon highway joining the ditch at the end of the garden of AUce Maupes, in the parish of St. Nicholas, by the 
place where the vestments of the priest are kept there, which by the said Simon, John, and William ought to 
be repaired. 

Item, they say that the public highway is defective there, from opposite a tenement of Beatrice Maupas, 
Thomas Palmer, Robert de Wyntringham, William de Cotes, Robert Justice, Beatrice Chapman, which by 
the same Beatrice, Thomas, Robert, William, and Beatrice ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the common sewer at the end of the garden of Simon Campion, joining of St. Nicholas, 
is defective, which by the same Simon ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the public highway is defective in the Marketgate, from opposite a tenement of William 
Prankis, chaplain, called Bilton House, which by the same AVilliara ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the public highway is defective from opposite a tenement of William White, which by 
the said William ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the public highway is defective there, from opposite a tenement on the west side of the 
way of John de Burton, tanner, which ought to be repaired by the same John. 

Item, they say that the common highway is defective there, at the corner of a tenement of John Dales, which 
by the said John ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the common highway is defective there, from opposite to a tenement of John de Wilflete, 
which by the said John ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the common highway is defective there, from opposite tenements of John de Wilflete, 
William Alenwyk, John Dandson, Hugh Schepherd, and the master of the hospital of Neuton, which by the 
same John, William, John, Hugh, and the master, ought to be repaired. 

Item, they say that the common highway is defective there, opposite tenements of Robert Hulk, John Cusas, 
Richard Wright, and that the same Robert, John and Richard ought to repair the sarae.^ 

An account of the Bailiffs of Hedon has been also preserved for the year 1401 to 1402, 
of which the following is a translation. 

HEDON. — An Account of Robert de Wyntrynngham and William de Marflete, bailiffs of the same town, from 
the morrow of St. Michael the Archangel, in the third year of the reign of King Henry the Fourth, alter the 
Conquest of England, until the morrow of St Michael the Archangel, in the reign of the same King Henry, 
one year entire 
Arrears. No arrears received by this accountant in account with the chamber there. — Sum, nothing. 
Kenis.&c. And of £16. 9s. 2d. received for rents and farms belonging to their office. — Sum, £16. 9s. 2d. 
Gilds. And of 5s. received of the gild of the butchers. And of 2s. received of the gild of the shoemakers. 

And of 30s. Id. received of the brewers for ale there this year. — Sum, 37s. Id. 

Customs' ^'^'^ °^ ^"^^ ^ "^"^'^' received in collection of tolls this year, as appears by a tally against John de Shir- 
burne. And of 10s. received of the tolls of Pauleflete, so let this year. And of 426. received of farms 
and customs here this year, as appears by the account. — Sum, £6. 13s. lOd. 

^ There are two other presentments at the bottom of the Inquisition, but so defaced as to be wholly 
unintelligible. 



122 HEDON. 

S-^^ci'iSs ^^^ of £10. received of the farm and perquisites of the court of pleas, this 3'ear, as appears by the 
of pleas, ic. j.Qjjg ^f jj^g ^ourt. And of 2s. received of the amerciament of Ralph Hasty ngs, in a plea of account 
which took place in the year next preceding this, and of which one of the bailiffs had neglected to 
account. Sum, £10. 2s. 

Sum total received £35. 2s. Id. 
Rents paid. Then the accountants, in mitigation, by rents paid by them to the lord of Holdemess, for the afore- 
said farms, by the year, as appears by the 4 receipts, 30li. — Sum, 30li. 
DeBciency of ^^'^ '° deficiency of rents of a tenement of Wm. de Kelsay, late Wm. Pull, which he was not able to 
^'""^- pay 12d. ; and in deficiency of rent for a tenement, in tenure of Dominus (Reverend) Adam de Skel- 
ton, and which had been conceded to him in place of another farm he then rented. Id. And paid to 
the bailiffs for an action for the said town, at York, 2s. And paid to the clerk for writing this 
account, and collecting the said rents, and for writing the rental of the aforesaid farms, 12d. — Sura, 
4s. Id. 
Sum total of allowances, £30. 4s. Id. and so indebted by this account, £4. 18s. of which allowed the 

accountants for their labour, 13s. 4d. per annum. And allowed to Wm. Alnewyk 2d. and so 

accountants indebted Hi. 4s. 6d, of which allowed them 4d. so indebted, hitherto £4. 4s. 2d 

to the chamberlain in the following year. 

H. V. 1413. — The charter of Edw. III. which forms so conspicuous a feature in the 
history of this Burgh, was confirmed by the hero of Agincourt, in the 2nd year of his 
reign, and after such confirmation being repeated in the formulary of such documents, it 
proceeds in Latin, of which the following is a translation : — 

And further of our more abundant grace at the petition of the same mayor bailiffs and burgesses and to the 
end that they and their heirs and successors in future times better more freely and quietly according to their 
prayer may have and enjoy the benefit of the said words" to the said mayor bailifis and burgesses among other 
liberties and franchises by charter of lord Edward late king of England our grandfather granted That the bur- 
gesses of the town aforesaid their heirs and successors should not be convicted by any foreigners'" upon any 
appeal injuries transgressions crimes challenges and demands imposed upon them or to be imposed or to be 
obtained in the said town but only by their co burgesses unless the community of the said town should be in 
fault of any of the premises or of the thing itself touching the whole community or us and our heirs. We also 
grant and confirm by our charter for us and our heirs to the aforesaid mayor bailiflfs and burgesses that they 
and their heirs and successors may for ever have full correction punishment authority and power of enquiring 
hearing and determining by the mayor and burgesses of the same town for the time being and for time to come 
all matters felonies actions defaults causes cr any other thing and articles within the said town and liberty of 
the same arising or attaching who before the keepers of the peace and justices of felons and transgressions and 
other malefactions in the East-Riding of the county of York to be heard and determined assigned or to be 
assigned or before the justices of labourers servants and artificers in the same East-Riding in any manner to 
inquire and determine may or ought fully or wholly as the keepers of the peace and justices of felons transgres- 
sions and other malefactions in the said East-Riding to be heard terminated and assigned or to be assigned or 
the justices of labourers servants and artificers had there before this time or in future may have without 
the town and liberty aforesaid. Without the aforesaid keepers of the peace and justices of felonies transgres- 
sions and other malefactions in the said East-Riding to be heard determined or to be assigned or the justices 

« Relating to the undefined meaning expressed in the words " the same as those of York and Lincoln have." 
•> Persons without the liberties. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 123 

of labourers servants or artificers of us or of our said heirs in the aforesaid East-Riding of themselves in any 
matters felonies quarrels defaults causes or any other things or articles aforesaid within the said town and 
liberty arising happening or attaching for the future being in any other manner suffered to enter. And more- 
over from the abundance of our grace for us and our said heirs ree have granted to the aforesaid mayor bailiffs 
and burgesses that they and their heirs and successors for ever may have to their own proper use all fines 
issues forfeitures and amerciaments whatsoever to the aforesaid keepers and justices within the town aforesaid 
and the liberties belonging or appertaining or to the same keepers and justices in whatsoever manner accruing 
to be levied and raised by their own proper officers and ministers in support of the great fee ferm as the afore- 
said mayor bailiffs and burgesses are held to pay annually for the town aforesaid and in support of the repairs 
and inundations of a certain ditch running through the middle of the said town called Laflete. Also other 
burthens arising or contingent in the same town from day to day. Provided always that our the said grants 
as much as to the new liberties and franchises in our present charter contained or any other premises to the 
aforesaid mayor bailifi's and burgesses by us granted are permitted by the grants made to the master or keeper 
of the hospital of Newton for the time being or his successors or the liberties or free customs which the afore- 
said hospital within the liberty of the town aforesaid from of old have had and used or that the officers and 
ministers of the same may in any way be injured or suffer in any way to their prejudice for the future. But 
that the said master or keeper and his successors may have and hold their aforesaid customs and liberties and 
by himself his officers and ministers exercise and fully enjoy and use them without violence or interruption 
from the mayor bailiff's and burgesses or their successors, &c. &c. Dated at Westminster by the king 8th day 
of February. 

After these ample concessions to the burgesses, there are perhaps no species of 
evidences from which the state and condition of the town may be so well obtained, as their 
yearly accounts, presentments, &c.; two of the latter, with some other local accounts, will 
close this reign. 

Presentments and indictments taken before Robert Wyntringham, mayor of the town of Hedon, Nicholas 
Kirkeby and William Barbor, bailiffs of the same town, keepers of the peace of our lord the king, also his 
justices, to enquire into all felonies, transgressions, and all other evil acts within the town aforesaid and the 
liberties thereof, manifest or contingent, to hear, and terminate, and assign at Hedon on Tuesday, in the feast 
of St. Nicholas the bishop, in the si.xth year of the reign of King Henry V. 

Robert Baty, Hugh Bernard, William Turner, 

Wm. Kilburne, John Ellerton, William Ranyn, 

Wm. Clerk, Simon de Marflete, Peter North, 

Thos. Thorgell, John Dandson, John Schirburne. 

The presentment is, that Richard Bolton, of Hedon. in Holdernesse, in the county of York, gentleman, late 
one of the bailiffs of the town of Hedon aforesaid, was guilty on the * » * day of * * * in the sixth year of 
the reign of King Henry the Fifth, and other days and times when he was bailiff within the liberties of the 
aforesaid town of Hedon, did sell victuals— That is to say, 20d. for bread, and -lOd. for ale, to John Disney 
and others ; and that he was a common victualler against the statute of our lord the king. &c. Item, the pre- 
sentment is, that Thomas, the servant of Henry Hawley Smyth, of Hedon, in Holdernesse, in the county of 
York, on the 2nd day of August in the sixth year of king Henry the Fifth, within the liberties of the aforesaid 
town of Hedon, with force of arms took and carried away one scythe, value of 7d. of the goods and chattels of 
Wm. Schawe, against the will or knowledge of the said William, and against the peace of our sovereign lord 
the king, &c. Item, the presentment is, that John Lasby, of the same town and county, was guilty on the 
20th day of Aug., in the 6th year of the reign of king Henry the Fifth, &c. within the liberties of the aforesaid 

VOL. II. s 



124 HEDON. 

town of Hedon, with force and arms he took and carried away a certain bull's horn, of the value of 2d. of the 
goods of Kobt. Warde, against the will or recognition of the said Robert, and against the peace of our sovereign 
lord the king, &c. Item, the presentment is, that Richard Alkbarowe (pi. not guilty), of the same town and 
county, was guilty on the 14th day of November, in the 6th of Henry Fifth, and within the liberties of the 
aforesaid town of Hedon, of having sold a pair of leather boots, to Richard Pegge of Paule, of bad leather and 
fraudulently and deceitfully tanned, also made in a deceitful manner, to defraud the subjects of our lord the 
king. Sec. Item, the presentment is, that John de Waghen, of the same town and county, is charged, that on 
the 3rd day of April, in the fifth year of the reign of king Henry Fifth, within the hberties of the aforesaid 
town of Hedon, that he sold sotulareS^ at the highest profit, and against the statute, S;c. That is to say, to 
John Danson and others one pair of sotulares, with common satularibz for 8d. Item, the presentment is, that 
John Secroft, of the same town and county, is charged, that on the 20th day of Oct. in the sixth year of king 
Henry Fifth, within the liberties of the said town of Hedon, sold a pair of sotulares to Agnes, the wife of 
Wm. Barbour, of Hedon, of bad leather and fraudulently tanned, and made at the highest profit, that is to 
say for 5jd. for one pair of laghscoes. Item, the presentment is, that Thomas Martyn, of the same town and 
county, is charged, that on Monday, in the vigil of St. Nicholas the Bishop, 6 Henry Fifth, within the liberties 
of the aforesaid town of Hedon, he sold a pair of sotulares to Richard Buller, of Preston, for a boy of 9 years 
of age, for 6d. in excessive profit, and against the statute of our lord the king, &c. Item, the presentment is. 
that John Fleshewer, of the same town and county, butcher, late one of the bailiffs of the aforesaid town, on 
the 10th day of June, 6 Henry Fifth, and on other days and times when he was bailiff within the liberties of 
the aforesaid town, did sell victuals, 20 pennyworth of bread and 40 pennyworth of ale, to William Benne and 
others ; and that he was a common victualler against the statute of our lord the king, &c. Item, the present- 
ment is, that the aforesaid John Fleshewer, of the same town and county, butcher, on the 2nd day of Aug. 
6 Henry Fifth, within the liberties of the aforesaid town, did sell flesh not useable, old, useless, and worthless 
from keeping dried, that is to John Furnace, of Hedon, and others, to the deception of the people of our lord 
the king, &c. Item, the presentment is, that Peter Henry (pleads not guilty), of the same town and county, 
weaver, Thomas Warde, of the same town and county, weaver, and William Haburgh, of the same town and 
county, butcher, on the 4th day of November, in the 4th year of the reign of king Henry Fifth, &c. within the 
liberties of the said town of Hedon, with force and arms took and conveyed away one cow, of the value of 10s. 
of the goods [.nd chattels of Thomas Carter, of Hedon, against the will or consent of the said Thomas, and 
against the peace of our sovereign lord the king, &c. Item, the presentment is, that Agnes, wife of John Piese, 
of the same town and county, schipman, on the 2nd day of September, in the 6th of king Henry 5th, &c. 
within the liberties of the aforesaid town of Hedon, did sell 2 penny wheat loaves of bread, not useable and 
fusty, to Wm. Baxter, of Elstanwick, and others, in deception of the people of our lord the king, &c. Item, 
the presentment is, that Peter Hervey of the same town and county, weaver, the 3rd day of June, in 3rd year 
of king Henry Fifth, within the liberties of the aforesaid town of Hedon, with force and arms took and carried 
away one small knife, of the value of 2d. of the goods and chattels of William Turnor, against his will or 
recognition of the said William, and against the peace of our sovereign lord the king, &c. 

Thomas de Rosse, John Junor, Thos. de Bilton, 

Simon de Lauholm, Willm. Swardby, Peter Hervey, 

Robert Taillior, Richd. Malberthorpe, Richard Browne, 

Peter Fisheby, Robt. de Bardol'f, John Skelen.i- 

The presentment is, that Thomas Freeman (pleads culpable), of Hedon, in Holdernesse, in the county of 

" A kind of shoe or patten, or partaking of both. 

" It appears they had two juries; query if one for each part of the town. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 125 

York, tanner, on the 11th day of June, 6th Henry Fifth, within the liberty of the town of Iledon, did purchase 
a parcel of wheat, for the benefit of all parties concerned, of Peter del Hill, of Preston, and others, before it 
came into the market. Peter himself preferred to have come to the said market, and so he forestalled to the 
great injury of the subjects of our lord the king, and contrary to the statute, &c. Item, the presentment is, 
that John Secroft (pleads not culpable), of Hedon, in Holdernesse, in the county of York, is charged, that on 
the 21st day of Nov. in 6th Henry Fifth, within the liberties of the town of Hedon, did sell one pair of 
soleares.a deceitfully called bukehlchose ,^ for women, for 6d. to Thomas Kyng, in deception of the said 
Thomas and others, in the greatest gain, and contrary to the statute, &c. Item, the presentment is, that John 
Plasterer, of the same town and county, butcher, on the 21st day of Aug. in the 6th year of the reign of king 
Henry the Fifth, &c, and other days and years, within the liberties of the town of Hedon, did sell the flesh of 
an ox, not useable, putrid, and stinking, to Robert Bardolf, of Hedon, and others, in deception of the subjects 
of our lord the king, he Item, the presentment is, that Thos. Bungham, of the same town and county, 
butcher, on the I 4th day of Aug Ctb Henry Fifth, and other days and years, within the liberties of the afore- 
said town of Hedon, did keep the flesh of oxen not useable, and calves fiesh beyond three days, until it was 
putrid and bad, stinking, and therein exposed to sale; and did sell on the same day and year, to Wilham 
Suerby and others, in deception of the people of our sovereign lord the king, &:c. ; by which the presentment 
is, that the sheriff omits not, &c. but that he makes to come the aforesaid Richd. Bolton, Thomas, servant of 
Henry Hawley Smith, John Laseby, Richd. Alkebarowe, John de Waghen, John Secroft, Thos. Martyn, John 
Fleshewer, Peter Hervey, Thos. Warde, Wm. Haburgh, Agnes, wife of John Piese, Peter Hervey, Thomas 
Freman, John Secroft, John Plasterer, and Thos. Bungham, that they are before the aforesaid justices at 
Hedon, on Tuesday next, after the Sunday in Easter next following, &c. 

Presentations and indictments taken before Robert Wyntringham, mayor of the town of Hedon, Nicholas 
Kirkeby and William Barber, bailiffs of the same town, keepers of the peace of our lord the king, also his 
justices, to enquire into all felonies, transgressions, and all other evil acts within the town aforesaid and the 
liberties thereof, manifest or contingent, assigned to hear and determine at Hedon, on Tuesdsy next after Sunday 
in Easter or Passion Week, in the seventh year of the reign of king Henry the Fifth, &c. 

Richard Willardby, John Mersk, weaver, John Tenny, 

John de Merflet, Thomas Bungham, Robert Kap, 

Stephen Skillyng, Robert de Wyton, Thos. de Lelley. 

Wm. de Eihill, John Haliday, John Gudson. 

The presentment is, that John Tesdale, of Hedon, in Holderness, in the county of York, is culpable, on the 
1 3th day of August, in the sixth year of the reign of king Henry the fifth. &c. within the liberties of the same 
town of Hedon, did sell a useless pair of sotulares for a boy, a crafty, deceitful trick upon the ignorant, for 3d. 
that is, to John Cusas, of Brustwick, and others, in the very highest gain, and to deceive the subjects of our 
lord the king, &c. Item, the presentment is that Robert Dyngely, of the same town and county is culpable, 
that on the 1 1th day of November, in the sixth year of the reign of king Henry the fifth, Sec. within the liberty 
of the town of Hedon, he sold a pair of sotulares, called Bokile-shone (shoes with straps for buckles) for 8d. 
that is to say, to John Stoute, cf Tunstall, and others, for the very highest lucre, and against the statute of our 
lord the king, kc. Item, the presentment is that William Schawe, of the same town and county, smyth, on the 
Sabbath day, the eleventh day of November, in the sixth year of the reign of King Henry the fifth, &c. and 
other market days this year, did, within the liberty of the aforesaid town of Hedon, buy wheat, that is to say, 2 
bushels for 2Id. of John Shakls, and others, whereas the common price was for 18d. 2 bushels, in rising the 



" A kind of shoe, but having no leather straps for buckles. 



126 HEDON. 

price in the market, 5cc. Item, the presentment is, that Andrew Glover, of Newark, in the county of Lincohi.* 
glover, on the day of the Sahhath next before the feast of the .purification of the blessed IMary, the Virgin, in 
the sixth year of the reign of King Henry the fifth, &c. within the liberty of the town of Hedon, that is, on the 
day of the market purchase wheat, that is, one quarter of Richard Gaire, of Preston, and others, for 7s. whereas 
the common price was for 6s. in rising the price in the market, &c. Item, the presentment is, that Thomas 
Carter, of Hedon, in Holderness, in the county of York, • » * after the feast of the purification of the blessed 
Mary, the Virgin, in the sixth year of the reign of King Henry the fifth, &c. viz, on the market day, within the 
liberty of the town of Hedon, purchase 2 quarters of wheat of John Dene, of Rymswell, and others, for » * * 
and resold it on the aforesaid day of the market, to Andrew Glover, of Newark, and others, and that he was a 
regrater, Jcc. to the very great injury of the subjects of our lord the king, &c. Item, the presentment is, that 
Thomas Martyn, of the same town and county, cordwainer, on the day of the Sabbath, next before the feast of 
the purification of the blessed Mary, the Virgin, in the sixth year of the reign of King Henry the fifth, &c. that 
is the of the market and other market days, within the liberty of the town of Hedon, that he bought a quarter 
of wheat of Symon Robynson, of Sprotley, in rising the market, and that he was a regrater, &c. Item, the 
presentment is, that Eobert de * * * of Kingston-upon-Hull, in the county of York, chapman, on the day of 
the Sabbath next before the feast of the purification of the blessed Mary, the Virgin, in the sixth year of the 
reign of King Henry the fifth, &c. that is to say, on the merket day, and other market days, within the liberty 
of the town of Hedon, that he bought 3 quarters of wheat, of John Maunas, of Kayingham, and others, and 
that wheat was regrated to Andrew Glover, of Newark, in the rising the market, &c. Item, the presentment is 
tbat AV alter Rokeby, (pleads culpable) of the same town (Hedon) and county, cordwainer, on the 13th day of 
June, in the sixth year of the reign of King Henry the fifth, and within the liberty of the town of Hedon, did 
sell a pair of sotulares, called Bokileshone, to Stephen Ongryme * ' * for 8d. in very excessive profit, and 
against the statute of our lord the king, for which the presentment is, that the sheriff omit not, &c. but that he 
causes to come the aforesaid John Tasdale, Robert Dyngelby, William Schawe, Andrew Glover, Thomas 
Carter, Thomas Martyn, Robert de Holme, and Walter Rokeby, that they are before the aforesaid justices, at 
Hedon, on Tuesday next after the feast of St. Barnabas, the Apostle, next following, &c. 

The several means of raising money by the Kings of England, having been already 
referred to, the following is an account of the collection of an aid in the shape of a 15th. 
December 13, 1315. 

Hedon. — Compotus Thom'e Brigh'm Thom'e de Hedon. — Compotus of Thomas Brigham, Thomas 

Ryhill Will'i Turno' & Pe' North collect' unio xv. de Ryhill, William Turner, and Peter North, col- 

ib'm D'no Regi concess' colligend' ad festum S'te lectors of one-fifteenth there, granted to the lord the 

Lucie Virg'is Anno II. Hen'i quinti &c. iij. — iij. king, to be collected at the feast of St. Lucy, the 

Virgin, in the third year of the reign of Henry V. 

Recep'co — r'd xj"- v''- ij"*- rec' de i. Integra xv. ut Receipts. — Received, £1 1. 5s. 2d for one entire 

patet p' vim' Rotul'um de p'cell' examinat' coram fifteenth, as appears by a roll of accounts examined 

Maiore. S'm xi"- v'- ijti- before the mayor. 

Amount £11. 5s. 2d. 

Soluc'o' cum AUocac'o'e.— £t quibus sol' Thome Repayments and allowances. — And of which paid 

de Santon vni collect' diet' xv. in Estriding p' i. Thomas de Santon, one of the collectors of the 

acquietanciam x"- xiii^' iiii''- Et sol' eid'm p'dict' said fifteenth, in the East-Riding, for one release, 

acquiet'm iiii"'- £10. 13s. 4d. and for the said release, 4d. 

" It is in Nottinghamshire. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 127 

It'ni alloc' eis de tax' div'sorum pauperium inforum Also allowed them for the tax of divers paupers, 

posit' p' maiorem condonat' ut patet p' p'cell ij*' iiij**' in the market, placed by the mayor, .is appears by 

videl't Joh'i Wodstock vi''- Bic. fam'U'o suo ii''- Will' a roll, 2s. 4d. vi/ : — John Woodstock 6d., Richard, 

Askh'm vi"' Joh'i Brustwick iiij""- Thomas Cotes iiij''- for his family, 2d., William Askam 6d., John Brust- 

cuid'm ho'i de Westgat ii''- fam'l'o Will'i Bointon iiJ- wick 4d., Thomas Cotes, 4d., a certain man in West- 

Joh'i fam'l' Roger Geto iid. It'm alloc' eis p' i cl'ico gate 2d., Family of Wm. Bointon 2d., John, for the 

xij"*- Itm p' laboro sui ijs. ij"*' family of Roger Geto 2d., also allowed them for one 

S'm x"' xix'- ij''' Et sic deb' clerk Tid., and for his labour 2s. 2d. 

Amount, £10. 19s. 2d. 
vjs- quos sol' Joh'i Robson Camerario ib'm hoc anno And so they (Collecters) are debtors for 6s. paid the 

et sic quieto' sunt hie. chamberlain here tliis year, and so they are quit. 

The next document will close the account of the transactions of the borough for this 
reign. 
HEDON.— Account of Wm. Lucy and Wm. Shaw, bailiffs there, from the feast of St. Michael the Archangel, 

in the third year of the reign of King Henry V. unto the same feast, in the fourth year of the reign of King 

Henry V., for one whole year. 
AiTcars. None, because there is nothing in account with the chamberlain this year. 
Rents and Received £1C. 8s. 2d, rents and farm belonging to their office, for a year ; and 12d. for a tenement, 

late Wm. Kelsay ; nothing this year, because it is empty, and not owing. — Sum, £16. Ss. 2d. 
Tax. or Also 5s. tax Or licence of the butchers, and 2s. ditto of the bakers, and 40s. ditto for the brewers, for 

Licence. ^, . ^ ,„ 

this year.— Sum, 4/s. 
Tolls with Also 60s. od. for tolls here this year ; and of 10s. received for the tolls of the water of Pauleflete, let to 
Cus?oms. John Paynton this year ; and of 13s. 4d. received for the toll here, called Land Toll, belonging to the 

Lord Duke of Clarence, and let to the same John this year ; also of 36s. 2d. received for fines and 

customs of the lord's customs here, this year, as appears by the rolls of accounts. — Sum, £6. 23d. 
Perquisites -^ud of £9. 19s. received of fines and perquisites of the Court of Pleas, held here this year ; and for 
Gi the Court, (-j^g Cgurt of Paulflete, nothing received, and none held here. — Sum, £9. 19s. 

ttie'^officeoT ■'^^^° °f '"^- "-'■I- received of fines for ihe lord, for transgressions, apprehensions, extortions, wrongs, 
p'Jj"'^"'^""^ excesses, &c. this year, as of two sessions, as appears by the rolls. — Sum, 41s. 2d. 

Sum total received £36. 17s. 3d. 
Payment of Then in account of the fee farm rent of the town aforesaid paid to the Duke of Clarence, Lord of Hol- 
"'="'"• derness, £-30. : also for the farm of the land toll, at Paulflete, paid to the same Lord, 1 3s. 4d.— Sum 

£30. 13s. 4d. 
Loss in rent ^ud iu the rent of a close in Westgate, of John, son of Robert LiKter, let at 2s. 5d. part of the tinig 
andespen- .^yggje, Or unoccupied, to the amount of I6d. thereof; a closeof 13d., and in apayment made to John 

Dalco, on account of the sheriff of York, 20d. ; and for collecting the farms and rents as above, and 

for writing this account, with a new rental, 12d — Sum, 3s. 9d. 

Sum total of the expeuces and payments, £30. 17s. Id. And so debtors, £6. and 2d. of which 

allowed them of the house, now the court-house, and in the poor's house, and others, that is to say, — 

John Brustwyk, and Isabel, his daughter, lOd. ; William Askham, 2d. ; also Wm. de le Wier, 2d. ; 

also John Shackles, for whom * * * near * * * 4d. ; also Robt. de Wyntringham, for the same, 8d. 

allowed them for labour, * * * this year, lOd. ; also allowed Thomas de Hill, of the amercd. court, 17d. 

And so then debtors, 106s. 7d. for which they will account to the chamberlain here in the year next 



128 HEDON. 

Then of them for fines before the justices of peace, of John Haxtoby, 10s. 4d. * * * and so * ♦ • 
debtor. 
Pauiflcio. At a court held there on Wednesday next, before the feast of All Saints, in the 8th year of the reign 
of King Plenry V. 

John Paynton, of the town of Kingston-upon-Hull, plaintiff, by John Cunyingham, his attorney, 
according to usage, against Thomas Lincoln, of Stockwith, in a plea of debt for £4. 8s. 9d, remaining 
due of 100 shillings, for salt fish delivered on the 14th day of October, in the 2nd year of the reign of 
King Henry V. reduced by a payment ; Thomas defends in person, and denies the debt. — 4d. 
The said John against the said Thomas in another plea.— 3d. 
The said John against the said Thomas in another plea. — 2d. 
John Christopher plainlifF, against the said Thomas, in a plea of debt. — 2d. 
John Benyngston, plaintiff, against Wm. Fisher, in a plea of debt. — 2d. S<mi of this court, 17d. 

H. VI. 1 422. — There are no records left to shew the manner in which the internal 
affairs of the borough were conducted, beyond a presentment in the 10th, and a compotus 
for the 26th and 37th years of this reign. One is accompanied by a copy of the original 
with a translation, and the other is given without the Latin. There are none of later date ; 
they have all perished. 

riEDOX. — An inquisition, on the sheriff's turn, held here on Monday, 17th day of October, in the 10th year 
of the reign of king Henry, before John * * * * 

Inquest sworn, — John iMarflet, Peter de Croft, Kobert de Preston, John de Wayne, Robert Raper, Adam 
Couper, Thomas Stayrholm, Thomas de Lelle, John Dandson, John Haliday, Wm. Hoton, Richard Furnas, 
who, upon their oath, say, that a common highway, which leads unto the chapel of the blessed Mary Mag- 
dalen, is defective to the house of Thomas Bawde, and ought to be repaired by Thomas Palmer, who came 
and spoke, submitting himself to mercy. — 2d. 

Item, they say that a .sewer there is defective, and ought to be repaired by the said Thomas, who came, 
spoke, and submitted himself, &;c. — 2d. 

Item, they say that the said road is defective at one corner, and ought to be repaired by Thomas Bawde, 
who came, and then spoke, and submitted, &c. — 2d. 

Item, they say that the sheriflf way is defective, and ought to be repaired by Richard Alkebarrow on the 
north part, to opposite a tenement of the said Richard, who came and spoke, submitting himself, &c. — 3d. 

Item, they say that the said road is defective, and ought to be repaired by John Biker, 3d. and John Penson, 
3d. of Marflete, on the south side from opposite his tenement, who came and submitted, kc. — 6d. 

Item, they say that Wyndgate is defective, and ought to be repaired by Wilham Tanner, 6d. on the north 
part, and by Ralph Bell, 6d. on the east part joining to his tenement, who came and submitted. Sec. — r2d. 

Item, they say that Baxtergate is defective, and ought to be repaired on the west part by William Tanner, 
who came, spoke, and submitted, Sec — 2d. 

Item, they say that the said William hath two wood stauncheons in the common ground, which is an injury, 
and damages the ford, who came, submitted. Sec. 2d. 

Item, they say that the Soulergate is defective, and ought to be repaired by Robert de Leney, 3d. and Robert 
Lamb, 3d. who came, spoke, and submitted themselves to mercy — Gd. 

Item, they say that the said way is defective, and ought to be repaired by Robert de Cotes on the next 
part. — 6d. 

Item, they say that a little lane, which leads to the market hill, is defective, and ought to be repaired by 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 129 

John Ingeram, 8d. of Eihill, John Secroft, 4d. and Adam de Skelton, 3d. chaplain, on the south part, opposite 
his tenement, who came and submitted themselves, &c. 

Item, they say that the said way is defective, and ought to be repaired by William Walle on the north part, 
who submitted himself, &c — 8d. 

Item, they say that Hewson-lane is defective, and ought to be repaired by Peter Skillyng, Gd. and John 
Pent, 4d. on the south part, who came and submitted themselves. Sec. — lOd. 

Item, they say that the said way is defective, and ought to be repaired by John de Cottingham, 3d. and 
Robert de Wryntryngham, 6d. on the north part, who came and submitted, &c.- — 9d. 

Item, they say that the Westgate is defective, and ought to be repaired by Thomas Poule, 3d. chaplain, and 
Thomas Ibre de Paul, on the east part, who came and submitted themselves, &c. — 6d. 

Item, they say that Steward-lane is defective, and ought to be repaired by John de Wilflete on the south 
part, who came and submitted &c. — 2d. 

Item, they say that the ditch near Tuleman's, opposite the croft of Wm. Kilrime, is defective. — '2d. 

Item, they say that Woodraarketgate is defective, and ought to be repaired by Jno. de Wilflete, who came 
and submitted. See. — Id. 

Item, they say the way to the butchery is defective, and ought to be repaired by John Ingeram from opposite 
a tenement of Stephen Raven, who came, and then submitted. Sec. — 4d. 

Item, they say that John de Mersk Wright hath a privy beyond a sewer in Grape-lane, who came, and then 
submitted, See- 4d. 

Item, they say that John Cusas hath a wood stauncheon in the common ground in the way to St. Augustines, 
very much to the danger both of pedestrians and equestrians, who came and submitted himself. Sec. 

Item, they say that Thomas Smith hath one pair of trewes upon the public ground, without licence, who 
came and submitted himself, &c. — 2d. 

Item, they say that Wm. Keleburne hath certain wood lying in Westgate, which is very inconvenient in the 
common highway, who came and submitted himself, Sec. — 2d. 

Item, they say that, on the 12th day of the month of March, in the 10th year of the reign of king Henry IV. 
at Hedun, Catharine, the wife of John Flechare, took and carried away one pound of wool, of * * John de 
Burton, out of the house of said John, unpei'ceived, without the consent or knowledge of the said John, and 
against the peace of our lord the king, who came and submitted herself to mercy, and paid the fine to our lord 
the king. Sec. — Fine 12d. 

Item, they say that a part of the common way, which leads unto the chapel of the blessed Mary Magdalen, 
is defective, from opposite Wichecroft, and ought to be repaired by the chaplain of the chantry of Preston, 
who came, then spoke, and submitted himself, &c. — 6d. 

Item, they say that the common highway, called Baxtergate, is defective to * * of Adam de Walton, so in 
mercy. — 3d. 
Eentale co"itatis ville de Hedon ad term'i'os equales Rental of the commonalty of the town of Iledon, 

ejusdem ville collegend' p' Rico Furnas cam'erar collected at equal terms by Rd. Furnas, chamber- 

eju'dem ville primo I'mi'o incipient' ad sui natu'l' Iain of the same town ; the first term commencing 

d'ni anno R. Ilenric VI. xxvi"'- at the nativity of our Lord, in the year of the reign 

of Henry VI. 26th. 
Via Sutor'. Cobler's-gate. 

De Joh'e Elwyn p' suafossato ville ju\ta ten' ib'm Of John Elwyn for the town's dyke, near his tene- 

suo" i""- ment, there. Id. 

De Rob'to Southcoup p' platea nup' loh'is Waldes Of Robt. Southcoup, for a place late John Waldes, 

p' manus Joh'is March vii ob. q. by the hands of Jno. March, 7f d. 



130 



Mods Fori. 

De Mag'ro hospit'lis de Newton p' quod'm muro 

ex oppo'tto messuagii quondum Joh'is Franks sup' 

montera fori una cum portitu ib'ra quo Fetrus 

Snell inhab', i ob. 
De Joh'i TrafFord vicar ib'ra p' quad'ni platea August' 

de Preston, ii''- 
De eodem p' quad'm platea terrte de novo inclus' 

juxta Kyding Hall, iiii''' 
De Joh'i Eihill Sc uxor' suis p' ten' nup' Matt' Mer- 

flet, ix''- 
De eodem Joh'e p' quod'm p'tic'la co'is soli arerit' 

sup' qua'm p' ten' sui situa' juxl' co'em 

venellamvoc' Destlane, iob. 
De eodem p' selion montem fori nup' Joh'is Mer- 

flet, ix"- 
De eod' p' quad'm plat' terra juxta seldte nup' Thos. 

Craven nup' Rob' Wyton in forar' liiiob. 

De Joh-na Askham Joh'na Spycer qu'd'ra solda nup' 

Thom' Craven foras, x"!- 
De Will'mo Pennycoke p' quad' sela nup' d'ci Joh'is 

Merflet in forar' ib'ra, xV' 
P' iii sbopis sub aula pl"tar' xviii''- 
De Joh'e Bek p" quod' platea terre imp' Thome 
in p'ochi Sc' Mich', vob. 

De eodem Joh'e p' quad'm terre de vasto co'itatis 

juxta ten' nup' Joh'is Davidson in Lithousgate 

nup' Tho' Palmer, i'^- 
Via S'ti Augusti. 
De Joh'i Burton p' ten' nup' Willi' Moubray quo 

inbab', ii'' iii''- 
De eodem p' platea nup' Joh'is Pierson ubi g'ng' 

sit' est, i''- 
De eodem Joh'e p' co'i crofti ex p'te orient'li de 

Muskycroft, x""- 
De eod'm Joh'e p' ripa fossate ex p'te orient'li 

ejusd'm crofti juxta "Witchecroft, iii ob. 
De hered' Joh'es Thorkylby p' ten' quod'm Job's 

Gedney, vi''- 
De custod' fabrice Capelle S'ti Augusti p' ten' qu'd'm 

S'te Burtan ex p'te occident'li d'ci vice, vi''- 



Market-Uill, 

Of tiie master of the hospital of Newton, for a 

certain wall oppoMte the messuage formerly John 

Franks', upon the Market Ilill, together with a 

porch there, in which Peter Snell dwelt, Igd. 
Of Jno Traftord, vicar, for a certain plot of ground 

formerly Augustus Preston's, 2d. 
Of the same for a plot of laud, newly enclosed, near 

the Ryding Hall, 4d. 
Of John KihiU, and his wife, for a tenement lately 

Matth. Martlet's, 9d. 
Of the same John, for a parcel of common gravel 

soil, upon which his tenement is situated, near the 

common lane, called Dest lane, Ijd. 
Of the same for a selion of land on the Market Hill, 

late John Merflefs, 9d. 
Of the same for a piece of ground near the shop 

late Thos. Craven's, formerly Thos. "Wyton's, in 

the market, -Id. 
Of John Askam and Josh. Spicer, for a certain shop 

late Thos. Craven's, in the market, lOd. 
Of 'Wm Pennycoke, for a certain shop, late the said 

Jno. Merftet, in the market there, Is. 3d. 
For three shops under the Hall of Pleas, Is. 6d. 
Of John Beck, for a plot of ground, late Thomas 
and formerly Kyffe, in the parish of 

St. IMichaels, .5d. 
Of the same John, for a certain piece of common 

waste, near the tenement late John Davidson's, in 

the Litehouse lane, formerly Thomas Palmers, Id. 
St. Augustine's-street. 
Of John Burton, for a tenement late 'U'm. Moubray's, 

in which he dwells, 2s. 3d. 
Of the same for a plot late John Pierson's, where the 

grange is planted, Id. 
Of the same for a common croft, on the east of Musky 

croft, lOd. 
Of the same John for the Dyke Bank, on the east of 

the same croft, and near to the Witchcroft, 3d. 
Of the heirs of John Thorkylby, for a tenement late 

John Gedney's, Cd. 
Of the keepers of the fabric of the chapel of St. 
Augustin, for a tenement late Stephen Burton's, 
east of the said street, Cd. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



131 



De p'curat' cant'ar' b'te Marie virgin' ib'm p' ten' 
nup' Joh'is Skillyngs capelli, iii''- 

De e'd'm p'curat' p' plac' ubi Stalk sua sit est 

ib'm, q. 
De hered' Rob'ti Skillyngs p' ten' nup' Edonioe 

Skyllyns Matris sua; & ejusd'm Will'i Baxter sup' 



De Joh'e Danbi p' ten' nup' Joh'e Ellerton et nup' 
Ric'o Bekyle et qu'd'm Joh'i Taylyour capelli et 
quod'm W'i Swyne, x\^- 

De Will'mo Pennycoke p' quod'm gardino juxta le 
Appilgarth et qu'd'm in ten' Rob' Pynder, iob. 

De Will'mo Merflet p' co'i crofto juxta fossat villa, 

xviii''- 
De eod'm p' ten' nup' Will'i Malyard juxta ten' 

suu', XV''- 
De eod'm p' quod'm alio crofto ib'm juxta capell' 

S'ti Jacobi ib'm, xiii''- 
De eod'm Will'mo p' p'te sua co'is Soli de Balyf- 

dyke, ii q. 
De eod'm Will'mo & Agnete uxor' suis p' quad'm 

p'cella tevre ex p'te orientali de Balyfdyke de p'te 

vie ib'm ib'm p'ut p' metas bundit concess' ad 

t'm'ni' Ix Annorum hoc anno viii", i''- 

De eod'm Will'mo p' clauso nup' Joh'is Haliday & 
qu'd'm Joh'e filii Rob' Lister, viiobq. 

De Alicia Baty p' p'te sua co'is Sail de Balyfdyke 
nup' de p'te ejusd'm Willi, i'^- 

De Thoma' Barbo- p' quadd'm p'cella de Baylyfdyke 
de p'te Rob'ti Holmes, i''- 

De Rob'ti Holme p' p'te sua de Baylyfdyke, ii q. 

De hered' Will'i Kilburn p' p'te sua ib'm in te' 
Thoma' Barbour, iii ob. 

De hered' Petri Merflet p' iii selion nup' Joh'is But- 
ler in Westgate, v^- 

De Rob'ti Cromwell p' ten' suis in via Sutor', xiid. 

De eod'm Rob'ti p' selda Step' Dobne capelli nuper 
Joh'is Rihill et qu'nd'm Joh'is Merflet sup' mon- 
tem fori, vid. 

De Joh'e Sharpe p' quad'm shopa sup' montem 
fori, v""- 

VOL. II. 



Of the procurator (proctor) of the chantry of the 
blessed virgin, for a tenement late Jno. Skyllyng's 
chaplain, 3d. 

Of the same proctor, for a plot where his stall is 
situated, id. 

Of the heirs of Robt. Skyllyngs, for a tenement late 
Edonia Kylyngs, his mother, and late Wm. Bax- 
ter's, at the corner. Is. 

Of John Danbi, for a tenement late John Ellerton 
and Richard Bekyle, and formerly John Taylour's, 
chaplin, and Wm. Swyne, Is. 3d. 

And of Wm. Pennycoks, for a garden near the Apple- 
garth, and formerly in the tenure of Robert Pyn- 
der, IJd. 

Of Wm. Merflet, for a common croft near the town 
dyke. Is. Gd. 

Of the same, for a tenement late Wm. Malyard, near 
his own tenement, Is. 3d. 

Of the same, for a certain other croft, near the chapel 
of St. James, 8d. 

Of the same William, for his part of the common soil 
of Balifdike, 21d. 

Of the same Wm. and Agnes his svife, for a parcel of 
land on the east of Bailifdike, of part of the street 
there, and as bounded by the metes, and granted 
for a term of sixty years, this year being the 
eighth. Id. 

Of the same William, lor a close, late John Halidays, 
and formerly John's, son of Kobt. Lister, 7Jd. 

Of Alicia Baty, for her part of the common soil of 
Bailifdike, late of the part of the said William, Id. 

Of Thomas Barbour, for a certain parcel of Balifdike 
of the part of Robert Holme, Id. 

Of Robert Holmes, for his part of Baihfdike, 2id. 

Of the heirs of Wm. Kilburn, for his part in the 
tenement of Thomas Barbour, 3id. 

Of the heirs of Peter Merflet, for three selions, late 
John Butler's, in Westgate, 5d. 

Of Robert Cromwell, for his tenement in Cobler's 
gate. Is. 

Of the same Robert for a stall. Step' Dobnes Chaplain, 
late John Rihill, and formerly John Merflet's, 
upon the Market Hill, 6d. 

Of John Sharp, for a certain shop on the Market 
Hill, 5d. 



132 



De Ric'o Willerdby p' quad' in p'cella terr' ex p'te 
occidenl'li ten' sui in Walkergate ut p' palos dividit 
et bundit sic concess' ad t'mo vitse, ob. 



Walkergate 

De Joh'no Rihyll p' ten' nup' S'mo'ia Layhom 

quond'm Agn' Webster ib"m, iii ob q. 
De eod'm p' ten' nup' Simonis & nup' Thoma' 

Kirketon & quod'm d'co Agnet, iiiob q. 
De e'd'm p' ten' nup' d'ci Simo's Thomae & Agnet 

iii ob q. 
De custod' fabricae capella' S'ti Augusti p' i cot' nup' 

d'ci Simo'is ejusJ'm d'co Agnetis quo Will'mo 

Eihyll inhabit' iii ob q. 

"Vie S'ti Mich'i. 

De Joh'e Scalier p' qu'd'm clauso qu'd'm Matild' 

Custs in p'ochi S'ti Mich'i, n'^- 
De Will'mo Molescroft p' i plitea terra Will'i Smyth 

et quodam Will'i Bernard quo manet, vi"*- 

De eod'm Will'mo p' i selion in Lithousgate, iiiob. 

De eod'm Will'mo p' le Tylecroft, v"!- 
Via Austu'. 

De Rob' Thorgell p' crofto co'itates in p'ochi S'ti 
Mich'i, xiiiob. 

P' lymekilne cum i domo & crofto ad t' viii''- 

De Juliana Byflet p' ii cotiag' in Baxtergate nup' 
Thom' Palmer dimiss' Tho' Carter, iiii ob. 
P' i cotagis d'ci Thome ib'ra xv"^- 
P' i alio cotagio nup' d'ci Thorn' xv"*- 
P' i aho cotagio nup' d'ci Thorn' ib'm xv""- 
De Will'mo Svvardby p' i al' cot' ib'm nup' d'ci 

Thome cu' i domo in gardino, x*"- 
De eod'm Will'mo p' i alio cotagio ib'm nup' d'ci 

Thorn' sup' cornerum ib'm, ii'- vi''- 
Resoluco Keddus. 

Imprimis. Ballis ville de Iledon p' d'mo plat' p'ti- 
nent co'itatis ad t', vi'- iiiiq. 

Ifm, ej'sd'm balli' p' i selioue apud pontem occi- 

dent'tem nup' Joh'e Shakyls, i""' 
It'm p'curat' cantarie b'te Marie virgin p' quad'm 



Of Richard Willerby, for a certain parcel of land on 

the east of his tenement in Walkergate, as divided 

and bounded by palling, and thus granted to him 

for the terra of life, id. 
Walker Gate. 
Of John Rihyll, for a tenement late Simon Layholm, 

formerly Agnes Webster, 3|d. 
Of the same for a tenement late Simons and Thomas 

Kirketon, and formerly the said Agnes, 3|d. 
Of the same for a tenement late the said Simon's and 

Thomas', and Agnes, 3|d. 
Of the keepers of the fabric of the chapel of St. 

Augustine's, for one cottage, late the said Simon's 

and the said same Agnes, in which Wm. Rihill 

dwells, 3jd. 
St. Michael's gate. 
Of John Scallen, for a certain close, formerly Matilda 

Custs, in the parish of St. Michaels, 2d. 
Of Wm. Molescroft, for one plot of ground, William 

Smith's, and formerly Wm. Bernard's, in which 

he dwells, Gd. 
Of the same Wm, for one selion in the Lighthouse- 
gate, 3id. 
Of the same William, for the Tylecroft, 5d. 
Southgate. 
Of Robert Thorgel, for a common croft in the parish 

of St. Michaels, Is. l|d. 

For one lymekilne. with one house and croft, at 
the usual term, 8d. 
Of Juliana Byflet. for 2 cottages in Baxtergate, late 

Thomas Palmer's, Thos. Carter being put out, 4jd. 
For a cottage of the said Thomas there. Is. 3d. 
For another cottage late ditto, Is. 3d. 
For another cottage ditto ditto. Is. 3d. 
Of Wm. Svvardby, for one othercottage there, late the 

said Thomas's, with one house in a garden, lOd. 
Of the same William, for one other cottage late the 

said Thomas's, at the corner there, 2s. 6d. 
Repayment of Rents. 
First, to the bailiff of the townof Hedon, for a house 

and plot of ground belonging to the com'nalty at 

the accustomed terra, 6s. M. 
Item, to the same bailitffor one selion of land, at the 

West Bridge, late John Shakyls, Id. 
Item, to the proctor of the chantry of the blessed 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



133 



plac' nup' Wiiri Swyne, iiw- 

Item, eod'm p'curat' p' ten' nup' Will'i Perott ad 

fin' Mich'is, i ob. 
Item, eodem p'curat' p" quod'm plac' nup' Walter! 

Arnald ad id'm fin", i ob. 
Item, eidem p'curat' p' ii croftes sup' fletam juxta 

croftu co'ita ad ter', ii''- 

Item, custod' fabrice capelle S'ti Jacobi p' placea 

quond'm Will'i Swyne ad t' iiii''- 
Item, Mag'roHospit'lio S'ti Sepulcri p' plac' qu'd'm 

Simon de Hull, ii''- 
Item, eid'm Mag'ro p" placea quod'm filii Mich'i 

cli'ci ib'm, i ob. 
Item, Mag'ro p' alia platea ib'm, i ob. 
Item, Abbat' & Conventura de Melsa p' crofto int' 

domu' S'ti Leonardi & Molend' vent", iiid' 

Item, Abba & Conventum de Thorneton p' terris 

ten' ib'm, xii""- 
Item, eisd'm Abb'ti & Conventum de Thorneton p' i 

selion Sc di apud pont' occident'lem nup' Joh'e 

Shakyls, ii q. 
Item,'custod' capelle S'ti Augusti' p' ten' nup' Thome 

Palmer sup' corneram in Baxtergate, vi""- 

It'm WiU'mo Twyer p' iiii cot' ib'm nup' Thorn' 

Palmer, ii^- 
Pratum Herbagium ib'm Dimittend' p' ann'm. 
Petro Hogeson. 
P' herbagio in co'i fossat' juxta Suthcroft boream & 

orian, xx""- 
P' viis a Westbrig juxta Stanehalmer sub pomar' xx"^ 

P' co'i fossat'a Westbrig usq' columbar' Joh'is de 
Elwyn, iii'^- iiii'^- 

P" ripa fossat' ville ex p'teoccident"li ejusdemfossate, 

iii=- 
John Burton. 
P' co'i fossato a le chynt usq' Westbrigg, \''- vV- 

WiU'mo Rosse. 

P' ripa orient'li de fossat ville & p' le Walkergate, 
{[s. viiiii- 



Virgin Mary, for a certain plot late Wm. Swyne's, 

3d. 
Item, to the same proctor, for a tenement late 

Wm. Perrott's, at Michaelmas term, IJd. 
Item, to the same proctor, late Walter Arnald's, 

at the same terra, Ijd. 
Item, to the said proctor, for two crofts, late upon 

the flete, near the croft of the comonalty, at the 

same term, 2d. 
Item, to the keepers of the fabric of the chapel of St. 

James, for a place formerly W. Swyne's, 4d. 
Item, to the master of the hospital of St. Sepulcri, 

for a place late Simon de Hull, 2d. 
Item, to the same master, for a place formerly the 

childrens of the clerks of St. Michael, lid. 
Item, to the same master, for another place there, Ijd. 
Item, to the abbat and convent of Jlelsoe, for a croft 

between the house of St. Leonards and the wind 

mill there, 3d. 
Item, to the abbat and convent of Thornton, for land 

held there. Is. 
Item, to same abbat and convent of Thornton, for 1 

selion of land and a half, at the West Bridge, late 

John Shaky Is's, 21d. 
Item, to the keepers of the chapel of St. Augustine, 

for a tenement late Thomas Palmer's, at the corner 

in Baxtergate, 6d. 
Item, to Wm. Twyer, four cottages, late Thomas 

Palmer's, 2d. 
Herbage of meadows, to be discharged yearly. 
Peter Hogeson, 
For herbage in the common dyke, near Southcroft, 

North and South, Is. Sd. 
For the ways from West Bridge, near theStonehalmer 

under the orchard. Is. 8d. 
For a common dyke, from the West Bridge to the 

Dovecote of John de Elwyn, 3s. 4d. 
Stephen Boute, 
For a bank of the town's dyke, west of the same 

dyke, 3s. 
John Burton, 

For a common dyke at the Chynt to the West- 
Bridge, 5s. 6d. 
Wm. Rosse, 

For a bank east of the town's dyke, and for the 
Walkergate, 2s. 8d. 



134 



De Joh'i Milner. 

P' viis a domo S'ti Leonardi usq' south west corner 

claus' nup' Will'i Clark & aliis vastis infra bundas 

p'dict', xvi''' 
Do. P' le flete banke & vastis a d'co clauss' usq' le 

dok juxta le lymekilne versus occidentem, x'- 

Do. P' herbagio ex p'te orient'li de Stanehalm', ii""' 

Do. P" herbagio in Wayferer lane, vi''- 

Do. P' viis & ripis ex p'te australi capelle S'ti Mich'i, 

iiiis. vi''- 
Do. P' fossato a ponte S'ti Mich'i usq' viam que 

usq' Humb', iiis- viiid. 
P' ripis viis & fossatis ex p'te boriali capelle S'ti 

Miclvi, vi'i- 
P' co'i crofto voc' Pottercroft in Magdaleyn way, iiiiii- 

De hered' Eob'ti Shakyls & partenariis suis p' co'i 

crofto juxta Kimbald lane, xii""- 
De custod' fabrice capelle S'ti August! p'dta venella 

vac' Kimbald lane, iii'^- 
De Joh'i Ellerton p' qu'd'm co'i venella inter Leonard 

croft & Widmarketgate, ii""- 
De Will'mo Chapman p' co'i crofto juxta Shirefbrig 

way, ii''' 
De eod'mWill'mo p' quod'm selione terre nup' Joh'is 

Shakils, ii=- ii"' 
De WiU'o de Hall p' di selione terre nup' d'ci Joh'i 

xiii'^- 
De Joh'e Glover p' ii selions de terre west p'te 

occidenfli Bronne well, iii'- vi""- 
De Petro de HuUe p' i selione apud Bronne well, viid. 
De p' quod'm fine co'is fossati ad finem de Sturmy 

croft in p'ochi S'ti Mich'i, viii'^- 

De Thome Bonfane p' herbagio int' metas, vi""- 
De Joh'e Milnar p' crofto co'itatis sup' fletam in 
Widmarketgate cum ii aliis croftis ex p'te borial' 
ib'ra cum viii''- solut procuratu cantar' b'te Marie 
p' ejusdem ii croftis ib'm adjacent' ex p'te borial' 
d'ci croftu, iiii^- 
De Joh'e Pellex p' herbagio unius Outgale nup' in 
te' Beatrice Shakles in p'ochia S'ti Mich'i iii*- iui<i- 



John Milner, 

For the ways from the house of St. Leonard, to the 

south-west corner close, late Wm. Clarke's, and 

other wastes within the bounds aforesaid. Is. 4d. 
Ditto For the flete bank and wastes, from the said 

close to the Dok, near the lime kiln, towards the 

west, 10s. 
Do. For herbage on the west side of the Stonehal- 

mar, 2d. 
Do. For herbage in Wayferer-lane, 6d. 
Do. For ways and banks on the west of St. Michael's 

chapel, 4s. 6d. 
Do. For the bank from St. Michael's bridge, to the 

way which leads to the Humber, 3s. -Id. 
Do. For the banks, roads, and dykes, on the north 

side of the chapel of St. Michel's, 6d. 
For a common croft called Pottercroft, in Magdeleyn 

way, 4d. 
Of the heirs of Robt. Shakyls, and his partners, for 

the common croft next Kimbald-lane, Is. 
Of the keepers of the fabric of St. Augustine's chapel, 

for the said lane called Kimbald-lane, 3d. 
Of John Ellerton, for a certain common lane between 

Leonard croft and Widmarketgate, '2d. 
Of Wm. Chapman, for a common croft next to Shi- 
refbrig way, 2d. 
Of the same William, for a certain selion of land, 

late John Shakel's, 2s. 2d. 
Of Wm. de Hall, for half a selion of land, late the 

said John's, Is. id. 
Of John Glover, for two selions of land west of the 

Bronne well, 3s. 6d. 
Of Peter de Hull, for 1 selion at Bronne well, 8d. 
Of the same, from the end of the common dyke to 

the end of the Sturmy croft, in the parish of St. 

Michael's, 8d. 
Of Thos. Bonefane, for herb, between the bounds, 6d. 
Of John Milner, for a common croft upon Fletam, 

in Widmarketgate ; with two other crofts on the 

north there, wilh 8d. paid to the proctor of the 

chantry of blessed Mary for the same two crofts 

there, adjoining the north side of the said croft, 4s. 
Of John Pellex, for herbage of one outgate, late in 

the tenure of Beatrice Shakles, in the parish of St. 

Michaels, 3s. 4d. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



135 



De Rob'li Husband p' quod'm p'ticl' terras de Solo Of Robt. Husband, for a certain particular land, of 

co'itaf ex p'te occident'li mansionis in longitud'e the common soil, on the west of the mansion, two 

ii uln' & in latitude i uln' & quart' p't unius ulne cubits in length, and one cubit in breadth and a 

p' ann. ii. quarter of a cubit, per annum 2d. 

HRDON. — Rent Roll of the community of the aforesaid town, to be collected by Jno. Johnson, barber, cham- 
berlain of the said town, at the usual terms, to be begun at the feast of the Nativity of our Lord, in the 
37th year of the reign of king Henry the Sixth : — 



Cobler's-street. 

John Elwin, for the bank of the town's ditch, next 

to the tenement of his there, Id. 
Roger Souther, for a place late John Walde's, by the 
hand of Thos. Hedou, 7Jd.— Sum to receive, 8fd. 
The Market Hill. 

John Sharp, for a certain shop there, which was 
lately held by Wm. Rosse, and formerly by Hugh 
Bernard, 5d. 
The same John, for a certain house there, on the 

south side of the same shop there, newly built, 3d. 
The same John, for a certain place of land there, 

lately Jno. Marflete's, next to a shop of Robert 

Thornely, Jjd. 
John Alerson, for a certain parcel of land of Balyf- 

dyke, lately Jno. Sharp's, Id. 
AVilliam Center, for a certain piece of land lately 

John Tratford's, vicar, and formerly of Augustine 

de Preston, 2d. 
The said Wm. Denter, for a certain piece of land 

newly enclosed, joining Ridynghall, 4d. 
The feoflees of Wm. Ryhill, chaplain, for a tenement 

lately Matthew Merflete's, joining town hall, 9d. 
The same, for a certain portion of the common 

ground, upon which their tenement stands, near to 

Destlane, Is l|d. 
Thomas Halliday, for a selion of herbage, lately 

John Merflete's ; the same selion is granted for a 

term of 80 years, this the 2nd year, 12d. 
The same Thomas, for a certain common croft, con- 
taining six selions of herbage, on the south side 

the town's ditch, • * 
John Thorneley, for a certain shop, lately Thomas 

Craven's, there, lOd. 
The same, for a certain piece of land on the west side 

of the same shop, Jd. 
Wm. Furnass, for a certain shop lately in tenure of 



William Pennycoke, granted to him for a term of 

60 years, this the 2nd year, 12d. 
Thomas Halliday, for three shops under the hall of 

pleas, granted to him for a term of 80 years, this 

being the 3rd year, 9d. 
John Beck, for a certain piece of land lately Thomas 

Orre's, and formerly Ann Kyse's, in the parish of 

St. Nicholas, SJd. 
The same, for a certain piece of the common's waste 

land, lately Thomas Palmer's, joining a tenement 

lately John Dandson's, in the Lithensgate there. Id. 
Sum to receive, 8s. 2d. 
St. Augustine's-street. 
The heirs of Margaret Burton [torn out] remaining 

to William Durant, 2s. 6d. 
Peter Hogeson, for a tenement [torn out] lOd. 
The same Peter, for * * 2d. 
Henry Baylyf, of H * » Id. 
The keepers of the chapel of St. • • 
The procurator of the chantry of * • 
The same procurator, for a piece of land • • 
The same procurator, for a place * * 
The heirs of Robt. Skillynge, for * *• upon the cor- 
ner there which Roger * * 12d. 
Robert Gyse, chaplain, for a tenenjent lately Thos. 

Bek's, lately John Danby's, also formerly John 

Taylor's, 2s. lOJ, 
• * for a garden next to the garth, near to William 

Pennycoke, Ijd. 
John Johnson, barber, for a shop late Wm. Mar- 
flete's, lately William Malyard's, joining a tene- 
ment of John Hawy's, 15d. 
The same John, for his pait of the common ground 

of Balyfdyke, late in the tenure of * ' 2|d. 
Wm. Perry, for a common croft lying on * * the 
fuller's way, let there to the same Wm. for a term 

of 10 years, 13d. 



136 



Alice Baty for her part of the common ground * • 

lately John Merflete's, Id, 
John, son of Thomas Barbour, for a certain part of 
common ground of Balyfdyke aforesaid, the part 
latterly of Bobt. Holme, Id. 
The heirs ol the said Robt. Holme, for his part of a 

Balyfdyke aforesaid, 2id. 
The heirs of Wm. Kelburn, for their part in the same 
place, lately of said John, son of Thomas Bar- 
bour, 3iJ. 
The heirs of Par. Marflete, for three selions of herb- 
age, lately John Butler's, in Walkergate, by Peter 
Watson's, 5d. 
Margaret Mornwell, for a tenement in Cobler's way, 

lOd. 
The same, for a shop formerly Stephen Downe's, 
chaplain, and latterly of John Rihyll, upon the 
Market-hill, 6d. 
Eichard Willerby, for a certain parcel of land on the 
west side of the tenement in Walkergate, as it butts 
and bounds ; granted to himself for the term of 
his natural life. Id. 
The heirs of John Shackles and his parceners, for a 

common croft next to Kembald-lane, 3d. 
Wm. Berner and Thos. Shawe, for a common croft 
joining to Shirefbryg way, lately in tenure of 
Wm. Chapman, and three other crofts together, in 
Woodraarket-gate, let to him for a terra of 80 
years, by indenture, this the 4th year, 15d. 

Sum of these, 13s. 7id. 
[The streets name lorn off.] 

Wm. Lange, and Agnes his wife, for a tenement 
lately Simon Sayrholme's, and formerly Agnes 
Wilflet's, 3|d. 
The same, for a tenement late the said Simon's, and 
latterly Thomas Kirkheton's, and formerly the 
said Agnes"s, 3|d. 
The keepers of the fabric of the chapel of St. A\i- 
gustine's, for a cottage latterly of the said Simon's, 
and formerly of the said Agnes, by Thos. Mones, 
4|d. 
Richd, Tailyoure, for a close formerly of St. James, 
and another on the north side of the same, lately 
Wm. Merflete's, in tenure of Richard Mapilthorp; 



granted to him for a term of years, this the 2nd 
year, 2s. Sum of these, 3s. 4d. 

St. Nicholas-street. 
John Staller, for a certain close formerly Matilda 

Ouster's, in the parish of St, Nicholas, 2d. 
Ralph Smyth, for a messuage latterly of Wm. Smyth, 
late of William Molescroft, also formerly of Wm. 
Bernard, 6d. 
The same Ralph, for a selion of herbage in Lithones- 

garth, SJd. 
John Marche, for the tilne croft, in tenure of Robert 

Isabell, 3d. 
The same John, for a house, with a croft upon the 
bank of the haven ; granted to him, by indenture, 
for the term of 96 years, this the 2nd year, 9d. 
Sum of these, 2s. lid. 
Baker's-street. 
Robert Thorgell, for a croft of the community, in the 

parish of St. Nicholas, 13Jd. 
Robert Marshall, for two cottages in Baxlergate, 
lately Thomas Palmer's and Thos. Carter's, 4|d. 
John Preston, for a cottage lately of the said Thomas 

Palmer's, 12d. 
Duncan Brown, for another cottage lately the said 

Thomas's, in the same place, 12d. 
Vacant, for another cottage, latterly of Ihe said Thos. 

Palmer's, there, 12d. 
William Sewarby, for another cottage, with a house 
in a garden, late of the said Thos. Palmer, in the 
same place; and the same AVilliam, for another 
cottage there, late of the said Thomas, at the cor- 
ner there. Sum of these, 7s. 

Sum total of the foregoing rents, 34s. 1 l|d. 
Sum total, for a year, of the four terms, £6. 19s. lid. 
Payment of Rents. 

Imprimis, to the bailiffs of the town of Hedon for 
divers places belonging to the community, at 
terras, 6s. 4id. 
Item, the same bailiffs, for one selion at the West- 
bridge, late John Shackls's, Id. 
Item, the same bailiffs, for a close formerly John's, 
son of Robert Lister, late in the tenure of Robert 
Talyeur, 7d. 
Item, the provost of the chantry of the blessed Mary 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



137 



the Virgin, for a place late Wm. Wind's, in the 

tenure of Robt. Gyse, butr. 3d. 
Item, the same provost, for a certain place late Wm. 

Perrott's, for a term at the feast of St. Michael the 

Archangel, ]^d. 
Item, the same provost, for a certain place late Walter 

Arnald's, at the same feast, l^d. 
Item, the same provost, for two crofts upon the Flete, 

joining a croft of the community, at terms, 2d. 
Item, the keepers of the fabric of the chapel of St. 

James, for a place formerly William Wynd's, at 

terms, 4d. 
Item, the master of the hospital of St. Sepulchre, for 

a place formerly Simon's, at Hull, Id. 
Item, the same master, for a place formerly Nicholas 

Clerk's there, Ijd. 
Item, the same master, for another place there, l^d. 
Item, the abbat and convent of Melsa, for a croft of 

the community in Wodmarket-gate, in tenure of 

Wm. Bend and Thomas Shawe, -Id. 
Item, the abbat and convent of Thornton, for a cer- 
tain tenement of theirs in the same place, 12d. 
Item, the same abbat and convent, for a selion and 

a half at the Westbridge, lately Jno. Shakyl's, 2id, 
Item, the keepers of the chapel of St. Augustine's, 

for a tenement lately Thomas Palmer's, [torn out.] 
Item, Thomas Knappyt and Robert Gyse, chaplain, 

for a croft in West-gate, lately of the said William 

Merflet's, 6d. 
Meadow and herbage let there. 
WiUiam Swettok, chaplain of the chantry of Preston, 

for the common ditch, adjoining Witcher croft, 

towards the north, 20d. 
Wm. Benson, for the green from the Westbrigg 

unto the stanehalmer and under the streams, 20d. 
(N"ot let,) for a common ditch, from the said West" 

bryg, unto John Gowyn's dovecote, 2s. 4d. 
John Serchar, for a certain bank of the town ditch, 

on the west part of the said ditch, 3s. 18d. 
Willm. Bilton, for the common ditch, from chyne 

unto Westbryg, 5s. Gfd. 
John Porter, of the east bank of the said ditch, and 

the Walkergate, 2s. 8d. 
Peter Watson's, for the banks and green, from south 



west corner of a close latterly Wm. Clerk's, and 
other waste within the bounds aforesaid, 161d. 

Peter Watson, of Fletebank and Wastes, from the 
said close, late Wm Clerk's, mito the Dok, next 
to the limekiln, in the tenure of John Marche, 10s. 

(Not let,) for the herbage on the east part of Stane- 
halmer, 2d. 

(Not let,) for the herbage in Wayferer-lane, 6d. 

Robert Isabell, for the banks and greens on the south 
part of the chapel of St. Nicholas, 4s 6d. 

The same Robert, for the ditch from the bridge of 
St. Nicholas, unto the way that leads to Thorn, 
3s. 8d. 

Wm. Sewardby, for a common croft, called Potter 
Croft, in the Magdaleyn way, 4d. 

The keepers of the fabric of the chapel of St. Augus- 
tine, for Kembald-lane, 4d. 

Ralph Smyth, for a certain common lane between 
Lenard croft, and the Wodmarket-gate, 2d. 

John Milner, for a certain selion of herbsge, late John 
Shackil's, next to a croft of Thos. Haliday's, 2s. 2d. 

William Benson, for half a selion of the herbage late 
the said John's, 13d. 

John Johnson, barber, for two selions of herbage, on 
the west side of a selion of Wm. Twyer's, joining 
Browne Well, 3s. 2d. 

John Uncle, for half a selion at Brown Well, 8d, 

William Bilton, for a certain end of the common 
dilch at the end of Sturmer Croft, in the parish of 
St. Nicholas, late in the tenure of Beatrix * * * 
3s. 8d. 

(Not let,) for farm of herbage of Grymes Holmes, 
joining Paul, 13d. 

Wm Bilton, for the herbage from the Grannok unto 
the Westbrigg, otherwise the said Wk, brigg, 6d. 

(Not let,) for the herbage of the waste of the com- 
munity of the town aforesaid, from the Grillgate 
unto the Sherifl' bridge, 4d. 

(Not let,) for a certain parcel of land on tlie east side 
of a tenement of John Sturmy. joiuing }he Sheriff 
brigg, r2d. 

James Glover, for the herbage between the limits, 6d. 

William Benyngton, for the herbage in the lane 
where his tenement is, 3d. 



138 HE DON. 

Burgesses. Arrears. 

Wm. Furnass, a fine for his liberty to have and to Then paid by the hand of John Thorgell, &c. 6s. 8d. 

pay at the four annual terms at which the royal fee Item, 26s. 8d. 

farms of the said town of Iledon are collected John Poller, late one of the bailiffs of the town of 

p'p't'm of Wm. Cromwell, John Poller, John Hedon, of his arrears, as appears at foot of his 

Porter, aud John Johnson, barbr., 10s. account of the year next before, 37s. Jd. 

10s. paid in the year last past. Also paid to John Olwyn, maiore, kc. 

Wm. Kirkby, of Alburn, for his liberty in like Wm. Cromwell, late the other bailitf of the town of 

manner, to have and to pay at the feast of the Hedon, of his arrears, as appears at the foot of his 

Nativity of our Lord, and at Easter next following, account for the year next preceding. Then paid 

p'p't'm John Shawe and Wm. Lange, pret al' 16s. 4d. 15s. Iljd. 

13s, 4d. paid to Wra. Lange, chamberlain, in the William Lange, late chamberlain of the same place, 

year last past, 13s 4d. of his arrears, as appears at the foot of his ac- 

John Uncle, for his liberty, value 6s. 8d. paid to count, with 6s 8d. debited by John Marche and 

William Lange, chamberlain, in the year following William Fryeston, pledges for Nicholas Barnabe 

6s. 8d. Glover, for liberty for the same Nicholas, 23s. 

Thomas Bilton, of Outhorne. for his liberty to have 
p'p't'm Robert Rokeby, 20s. 

H. VIII. 1509. — A long chasm follows in the historical and statistical account of the 
borough, and is accounted for by a great fire having occurred in the town, or, as it is said, 
by the demolition of St. James's church or chapel ; perhaps it may by partly attributable 
to both, but from whatever cause it arose, the records and papers of the borough were 
removed to a room over the vestry of St. Augustines's, where the roof was in such a state 
as to allow the rain to enter, by which many were destroyed. Charters, deeds, rent 
rolls, court rolls, inquisitions, writs of citations, records of the borough court, accounts of 
procurators of chantries, and of masters of hospitals, and of wardens of chapels and 
churches, as well as lists of mayors and bailiffs of the olden time ; open to the winds of 
heaven, these documents, which lay in heaps, were, from apathy and neglect, allowed to 
moulder and rot. In addition to these devastating effects, large quantities were used for 
lighting the vestry fires, and others taken away by any persons whose inclination or 
curiosity induced them to fill their pockets ; what is yet left is a mass of dirty and useless 
rubbish." This is not only to be lamented as it regards the antiquities of Hedon, but from 
fragments met with, it appears to have contained important information relative to an 
extensive surrounding district.'' 

From the following indenture in the reign of Henry ^'III., it appears that a toll was 

* The author is much indebted to Mr. Henry Brown, of Hedon, whose indefatigable industry in searching 
out and obtaining every species of information, and supplying many original documents, deserves to be recorded 
in this account of the ancient borough. 

^ Mr. Dade laments the great destruction of valuable documents ; he says now, 1784, there are only a few 
rentals remaining. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 139 

demanded by the corporation of Hedon, in the haven of Paul, and as far as the mid stream 
of the Humber. 

This indent, mayd the iiii*- day of Aprill the tenent yere of the reign of King Henr. viii'"' Witncsseth that 
Henry Smyth the mair of Hedon John Akyne and Wm. Byer BaihfF Bailez of the same town John Homehf 
John Robynson Thomas (York) and Philip Misson of the same town burgessez and the coraonyahtie of the 
same town of one p'tie. And Henry Stokw'th Richard Clerk Uobert Stokw'th Richard Thomson * • • 
and Wm. Thomson * • • of Palflete of the oyr p'tie whereas the sayd p'tiez ai agreed of certeyn Trawetez 
betwyx theym. First where as the sayd mair and burgessez hath bene peasseable possessed and hath bene 
tyme out of mynd of the watter toll in Palldete Haven and oyr libertye there as well of the wat' Humbr to the 
midstreym betwix Wilflet Haven and holmgete except at the sayd Mair and Burgessez hath nothyng at * • * 
with the Lorde Rennte of Pall flete w'thin the sayd Town and Haven and furthermore the sayd Mair is seased 
of Lond Toll in Palflete betwix that and the town of Hedon be a grint of the Lorde of Holdernesse for the s'm 
of xiiis- iiid''' yerely to be payd io the sayd Lorde as be the grint appeareth. And of late the said Mair and 
Burgessez hath ben hyndrd in the said Lond Toll takynge. And now the said p'tiez are agreed at if the rent 
of xiii'- iiii'^- be vnpayd at any lime when it oght to be payd at the Mair for tyme beynge aft' Compleynt to 
thyme mayd shall w'thin a • • • the sayd xiii»- iiii''- of qud' of sayd balif for tyme beying and gif it to 
the Bailie of Palflete. And furthermore sayd Paulflete grinteth for theym and ther herz at all tyme 

hereaft' to make lawfull ayd to the Bailif of Hedon or ye Deputyd in levyinge of the sayd lond toll w'thout any 
betyne or hyndrynge of the sayd bailif or ye successor or ye Deputidz in any tyme to come afte' the makynge 
herof In witness hereofi"the sayd p'te hath sette there sealz. (There were four seals appendant to this instru- 
ment, but they are destroyed.) 

Eliz. — The original charters being all destroyed, it is only from copies enrolled in the 
tower, as before observed, that any information can be obtained. A charter of inspeximus, 
dated 7th November, 1 565, recites the following charters, either as inspected by the 
queen, or repeating the grants of previous monarchs that had been inspected by her pre- 
decessors ; in other words, granting no fresh privileges, but merely confirming those in 
existence. 

The 2nd charter of E. HL 13-19, is repeated at length. They are Henry II. 1 171 ; John, 15th Dec. 1200 ; 
1st charter E. HI. Ist June, 1336; 2nd K. Ill, 16th Ap. 1349; R. II. 22nd Nov. 1377; Henry IV. 20th 
July, 1399; Henry V. 8th Feb 1411; Henry VI. 21st Oct. 1423 ; Ed. IV. 20th July, 1464; Henry VIII. 20th 
June, 1517; Edw. VI. 20lh July, 1551 ; Phihp and Mary, 16th Nov. 1556. 

These several charters are mereli/ confirmatory. The reign of Elizabeth, generally so 
prolific in curious and eventful transactions in most boroughs, is, from the causes already 
mentioned, a mere blank in the affairs of this. 18 Eliz.— John Elwynne held, by free 
service, 1 cap. mess. 1 cot. 5 closes here, in burgage. 22 Eliz. — Sir Henry Constable, 
lent. s. and h. of John, held, in Hedon, of the queen in capite. 26 Eliz.— Chri.st. Cheney 
held of John de Stile a rental, issuing out of lands belonging to the mayor and bailiffs of 
Hedon. 26 Eliz. — Richard Michaelburn held in Hedon.'' 

In 1635, writs were directed unto counties, cities, towns and places enumerated, to furnish ships; among which 
was one addressed, Majori Ballwis & Burgensibus ville de Headon. 1636.— Another writ was issued, in 

^ Mid. Bail. 



140 HEDON. 

which Hedon was included ; and in 1637, a special commission, for the loan of ships, to such counties as cannot ^ 
furnish the same for the king's service, which was commuted by payment of sums of money. — Feodera, vol. 
19, p. 663; vol. 20, p.p. 61, 185. 

In 1657, July 5th, a dreadful fire broke out in the town, which destroyed forty -two houses. Tlie very great 
injury sustained by the inhabitants amounted to nearly four thousand pounds. A brief was granted by Oliver 
Cromwell for the benefit of the sufferers, their loss being certified to the usurper by 'William Lord Strickland, 
and other persons of distinction ; the loss to individuals must have been severely felt. And a subsequent con- 
flagration took place, in the Market-place, but the houses were again re- built, and in a manner that added much 
to the appearance of the town. 

In 1666, a grant was made to the mayor, bailiffs, and burgesses of Hedon, and their successors, of a fair to 
be kept there 16th July next, and thenceforth every Tuesday fortnight till the 11th Nov. called Marlinmas 
Day ; and another fair on Shrove Tuesday, and so every Tuesday until Martinmas. A 

Chas. II. — The following is entitled — Remarks and extracts, from old writings found in the vestry chamber, 
respecting the corporation of Hedon. 

By a paper, entitled, Lord Viscount Dunbar's demesnes, it appears, that Hedon is a member of Burstwick, 
and that all the burgage lands, which are in the corporation of Hedon, are holden by the several owners and 
tenants thereof of the manor of Burstwick, in free burgage. And that all escheats which shall hereafter happen 
of any of the said lands shall come to the lord of the said manor, and not to the corporation ; for such 
escheated lands in the said borough, as have heretofore happened, the plaintiffs have some, and others are by 
usurpation lately carried away by the corporation. That each party keep and enjoy that they are now in pos- 
session of; and that the corporation paying to the plaintiff and his heirs the fee-farm rent of £30 a year, he 
shall allow them to take the rents of the several burgage lands which they now receive in the said town, to and 
for the payment and support of the said fee farm, and rest contented with the said £30. 

For the court of the manor Milne Leet, the fairs, markets, tolls, stallage, tallage, perquisites, fines, for- 
feitures, waives, estrays, felons, goods, deodands, and other matters of royalty happening within the said town 
and borough, that the pits, shall have and enjoy them, having them by grant there, as in other places in Hol- 
derness ; and the corporation not having grant, nor lawful use, nor prescription of, or to any such thing, the 
pit. is pleased to let them a lease of them under some small rent, though they be of much better value than 
they pretend. 

For the hall of pleas and prison, the pit. and his heirs, in their own right, and not by any permission or 
good will of the corporation, shall have the free use of them by the having keys thereof, as they have used to 
come and go at their pleasures, and taking all such duties and fees as are due by all persons which shall be 
committed to the said prison by them or their officers ; and that all persons having occasion to come to the 
wapentake or other courts, to be holden in the said hall of pleas, shall be free, coming, going, and staying 
there, from arrests within the said corporation, upon plea thereof, any petition against such persons of the 
corporation * » * * for the bounders and limits of the borough. That for Preston Slakes the town shall 
not make any landing place there, or take any duty upon my lord's shore without their liberties. 

Exceptions to what was formerly possessed.- Jly lord doth not think it fit nor reasonable for him, that 
where the escheats shall happen are due unto him, to take them by way of grant or grace from the corporation. 
For the courts of the manor, Leet fair, markets, tolls, felons' goods, deodands, &c. which the town never duly 
had, nor can have, the having by grant, he doth not think fit to make any grant of in their tenures, but by way 
of lease with the reservation of some small rent. 

There is no date to the original paper, nor is it signed by any person, but was found in the vestry chamber 
with other papers. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 141 

In Trinity term, Henry Viscount Dunbar exhibited his bill against the corporation of Hedon ; the succeeding 
proceedings in the exchequer appear lo be the consequence of a refusal to comply with the foregoing reasons 
and conditions of his lordship. 

The following particulars of a cause in the exchequer, 18 Chas. II. 1666, wherein 
Henry Lord Viscount Dunbar was plaintiff, for usurpation of rights; and the corporation 
of Hedon, viz. Robert Drake, maior, Thos. Burton, Thos. Stephenson, Launcelot Jack- 
son, Elizeus Bondfray, Thomas Robinson, John Burstall, Wm. Ombler, William Potte, 
aldermen ; Wm. Lister and Thomas Savadge, bailiffs of the town of Hedon, in the county 
of York, defendants. It is valuable as shewing that the lord paramount, as holding the 
royal franchise, attempted to recover his jurisdiction ; it is corroborative of the remarks, 
in the early part of the commencement of this account, that free burgage was granted to 
the lord on behalf of the burgesses ; it will also appear, that crosses were used as boundary 
marks, to define the extent of certain liberties. It is only an abstract, giving the evidence 
of the principal deponents, the original being too lengthy for insertion ; it is procured 
from the Lansdown Manuscripts, No. 894, fo. 51. 

Sheweth, That the plaintifi"is seized in fee, or of some other inheritance, of and in the manor or lordship of 
Holderness, in Com. Ebor. and of the manors, fkc. [here the manors enumerated] and with the liberties of the 
same, and of the office of escheats, and coroner, within the lordship and liberties of Holderness, and of the 
yearly rent of £30, and of the services due and to be done by the mayor and burgesses of Hedon, for their 
lands, rents, &c. &c. and of a wapentak and hundred court, holden at Hedon within the liberties of Holder- 
ness. [Here follows his other rights and privileges ] That the toun of Hedon hath been an ancient borough 
of the Earls of Albemarle, by grant of King Henry II. and confirmed by succeeding kings, to the Earls of 
Albemarle, till the time of Edw. III. when it was escheated (for want of heirs or otherwise) to the crown, during 
all which time the burgesses held, of the Earls of Albemarle, as of their manor of Burstwick, with all profits, 
&c within the said toun. 

That by reason of such escheat, it remained in the crown in the reigns of Edw. I. II. & III. who being so 
seized, did, on or about the 2'2nd of Edward's reign, by letters patent, reciting the former grants made to the 
Earls of Albemarle, grant and confirm to the burgesses of Hedon, that their heirs and successors should have 
and hold the toun aforesaid, with the appurtenances, liberties, and rights, in fee ferm for ever, paying yearly to 
the manor of Brustwick £24, which before that time had been paid to the said manor of Burstwick, over and 
above £6. yearly at the four feasts ; saving to the king and his heirs the prison there, &c., for all persons taken 
without the said toun, within the liberties of Holderness, and that the king's bailiff' of the manor of Burstwick 
should hold their Wapentack Courts in the Hall of Pleas, in Hedon prison and hall, to be held by burgesses and 
repaired by them. By which charter the burgesses might chuse bailiffs, and have a maior and other privileges, 
paying the £30 fee farm rent to the crown, maintaining the hall, prison, and bridges, to tlie toun, which the 
king used to repair, at the view of the stewards of Holderness, or their deputy. 

That the maior and burgesses have heretofore, and siill do pay to the plaintiff, a fee farm rent of £30 in right 
of his manor of Burstwick ; yet the defendants have of late, and still do deny, that they hold the said toun and 
burrough, and lands thereunto belonging, of the plaintiff, but pretend that every particular owner of lands in 
the said toun hold these lands of the maior, burgesses, and comonality, in free burgage, as well those lands 
which were antiently holden of the plt.'s said manor, as well as those which by them sold away and are escheated 
and forfeited to the pit,, going about to defeat the plaintiff of their tenures and services, and the escheats of 



142 HEDON. 

such lands, and which happen or shall happen within the said toun &c. &c. contrary to true right, and defraud- 
ing him of his tenures, services, and the benefit of escheats. 

That the toun of Hedon being encompassed with a great ditch or haven, which was and is the antient and 
true boundary and extent of their said town. And the plaintilTs manors of Preston and Burstwick abutting 
round about the same. The defendants, or some of them, have purchased of sundry of the freeholders, divers 
lands surrounding the said town, which were holden of the said plaintiff's manor of Burstwick, by knight's 
service, and pretend to hold them as the riglit of their burg.ige lauds, extending their liberties, and setting upp 
of posts and marks as the bounds of their liberties, taking upon them to make arrests within their bounds so 
set up. 

That whereas the plaintiff, his ancestors, &c. the hall and prison have always used, but the defendants have 
witheld, and still wilhold, the key of the said hall and prison Irom the plaintiff and his officers, not suffering 
them to enjoy the use thereof, which, &c. prison, kc. has been enlarged by the plaintiff; the plaintiff, &c. is 
damnified £500, and is disabled from paying the fee farm rent to his majesty, &;c. &c. 

Response. — That the bill is contrived of causeless displeasure. Without sufficient grounds, the complainant 
endeavoured to take away from the defend, all, or a great part of, the profits belonging to the said borough, 
which have been by sundry antient charters and grants, of former kings of England, conferred and confirmed 
nnto the said burgesses for a great fee farm rent, and other great charges, which the mayor and burgesses are 
to undergo, which profits they have enjoyed for the space of two or three hundred years. 

They think it to be true, that the plaintiff hath such interest, right, and title, in all the manors and lands in 
the bill (except the manor ot Hedon), and hath an hundred or wapentake court belonging to the seigniory of 
Holderness, or some other the manors aforesaid. And the plaintiff hath right to the offices of bailiff, escheator, 
and coroner, within the seigniory of Holderness, by grant from Philip and Mary, by letters patent, dated 6th 
Feb. 4 and 5, Ph. and M. to Henry, earl of Westmoreland, and his heirs, and by reason of some assurance 
from the said earl. 

That long before the time of the aforesaid grant to Henry Earl of Westmoreland, viz. temp. H. II. the 
town of Hedon was made a borough by grant and charter of the same king. And it was thereby granted to 
the burcesses thereof, thai they should hold their lands and rents within the said borough as freely as the 
citizens and burgesses of the cities of York and Lincoln. 

That the manor of Holderness, and borough of Headon, being escheated to the crown, temp. Ed. I. the same 
did so remain until 22 Ed. III. which king, in the same year, did, by his letters patent and charter, then grant 
and confirm to the burgesses of Hedon for a new rent of increase ; and for that the said burgesses should 
maintain all the bridges to the said town belonging, which the king did use to repair at the view of the steward 
of Holderness, his lieutenant and deputy, and the hall of pleas and prison within the town of Headon, and 
divers other considerations. That they the said burgesses, their heirs and successors, shall have, and hold to 
them and their successors, the town of Headon, with the appurts. together with the liberties, kc. and all other 
things to the town belonging, of the said king and his heirs, in fee farm, paying yearly, at his niannor of Burst- 
wick, £24. which before that time had been paid over and besides £6. yearly of increase at Easter, Midsummer, 
and Christmas, put p' le charter, &c. 

The defend, confesse that there is saved by the said charter, to the king and his heirs, the prison within the 
town of Hedon, for all persons who should be taken without the town, within the liberties of Holderness, and 
all p'fits arising of the prison, and all new rents of lands within the said town, by the bondsmen of the king, 
before that time purchased or to be purchased in the same town ; and the steward or bailiffs of the king, this 
being of his manor of Burstwyke, in the hall of pleas, in the said town, might hold the wapentake of Holder- 
ne.S8, and other pleas ; p' ut in the bill, &c. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 143 

The defts. suppose, that the use and benefit of the said prison are not granted by the charter of Phil. & Mary, 
to Henry, earl of Westm', and not sufficiently assured to the complt. or bis ancestors, but that they remain and 
belong to the crown, and are due to the king, his heirs and successors, and not to the plaintiff, neither as parcel 
of the manors of Holderness or Brustwick, nor holden of him as of the said manors, or either of them. 

The defts. hope to prove, that all the lands and rents within the borough of Iledon are and ought to be held 
of the mayor and burgesses of Headon ; and all the escheats of lands and tents, if any such have become due, 
or hereafter shall in the said town, belongs to the mayor and burgesses of Headon, and not to the plaintiff; yet 
they think, that the yearly rent of £30. payable by the said mayor and burg, of Headon, have been granted 
from the crown unto the pltf. and his heirs, and true payment hath been made thereof to the pltf. and his 
ancestors. And that the pltf. and his ancestors have had the use of the said hall and prison, by the permission 
of the mayor and burgesses of Pleadon, and have kept their wapentake court in the said hall by such permission 
as aforesaid, and not otherwise. 

They deny that they, or any of them, have purchased any lands holden of the pltf.'s manor of Brustwick or 
Preston, in knight's service, which they or any of them pretend to hold in free burgage, or that these deft. "s have 
e.xtended the bounds and limits of the town of Hedon beyond the ancient bounds thereof; or that they have 
set up any posts or marks to that intent, or that they claimed any liberties or immunities belonging to the said 
borough, without the antient bounds and limits thereof. 

Replication. —The defendant maintains his bill in all things, and traverses the points of defendant's answers. 

Depositions on the part of the pliintiff. — Matthew Storie deposeth — He knoweth the pltf and hath known 
the corporation of Headon about forty years, and has known the lordship and liberties of Holderness by the 
like space. He hath known the hall and prison at Headon about forty years, and tliat the wapentake court was 
kept there during the said time, whensoever the stewards and officers of the said court pleased, and that the 
same has been kept by Wm. Thompson, Bryan Metcalf, and Peter Gill. Matthew Storie also deposeth, that 
about forty years since, the pltf.'s father, who was owner of the lordships and liberties of Holderness, made 
choice of this exa'iate to be bailiff of the hberties, and by directions of this e.xa'iate went to one Smyth's wife, 
which Smith had been bailiff of the said liberties, for the key of the prison of Hedon, and that he should take 
possession of the said prison, which he did accordingly ; and he and his deputies after, during the time he was 
bailiff, viz. twenty years, had the keeping of the said prison, and had the custody of the key of the hall of 
Hedon. And he and his deputies did, at their pleasure, commit and set at liberty prisoners, without acquaint- 
ing the mayor and burgesses or officers of Hedon, nor asking their leave. Wra. Marston deposeth. that Old 
Haven was the ancient bound of Headon ; and the inhabitants of Preston, in their perambulations, did go 
upon the outside of the utmost bank of the Old Haven, towards Preston to Twyer, and were never disturbed 
for forty years ; and this exa'iate had tithe, being farmer of the parsonage of Preston of all the grounds with- 
out the Old Haven ; and the inhabitants of Preston have laid taxes and assessments, and other duties, of the 
said grounds, and divers paid them to the town of Preston. Other deponents endeavour to prove, that the 
defendants have enlarged the bounds and limits, of their town of Headon, beyond the antient boundaries. 

Defendants' Depositions. — Rowland Bennington knoweth the pits, and defts and has known them about 
forty years ; and has known the borough of Headon there thirty years. During his remembrance the said 
town has been a town corporate ; and during that time there has been a mayor, aldermen, and bailiffs. That 
there are five bounds or limits of the liberties of the said town, viz. five wood crosses, called Maudlen Cross, 
Sepulchre's Cross, Apeland Cross, Stockhara Cross, and Twier's Cross, which lias been so marked, bounded, 
and hmited, by the said crosses ever since he knew the said township. Richard Edward deposeth, that the 
ground between Maudlin Cross and thirty acres are within the liberties of Headon, they paying taxes, which 
he received about twenty-seven years ago, for the use of the town and the closes. From Maudlen Cawsey 
VOL. u. X 



144 HEDON. 

towards Preston field are within the liberties of the said town ; and all the closes from Apeland's Cross, along 
Headon Haven, lying east of the new field, is within Preston lordship ; to Twier's Cross, and to the lane of 
Sepulchre's Cross, are within the liberties of Headon; the lands between Stockhara Cross and Apeland's CrosB 
are within the liberties of Headon ; and he has known the said marks and bounds to be so marked and bounded 
these forty years. Bryan Berryman sets out the bounds, and proves that the mayor and the officers of Headon 
have exercised their liberties and privileges, within the said metes and bounds, by arrests, distresses, and 
otherwise. Wm. Burne deposeth, that the burgesses and lands within the limits of Headon are represented to 
be holden of the corporation of Headon, and there hath been rents and services paid and done to the corpora- 
tion ; and there hath been an escheat or forfeiture taken by the corporation, viz. a close, called Dove Cote 
close, wherof this exa'i'ate was sometime tenant, and Wm. Ratsey, who was hung for felony. Eowland Ben- 
nington deposeth, that the complainant had the use of the hall of pleas for the holding of the wapentake and 
other courts, kept by the lords of Burstwicke, and whether by the deft.'s leave he knoweth not, saving that the 
pltf. and his officers had the key from the officers of the mayor ; and that the said hall is the freehold and 
inheritance of the said corporation, and the mayor and burgesses have repaired and held the use thereof, for 
keeping courts and other business. That the corporation have had the common prison, now in question, for 
imprisoning offenders, with the town and liberties of Headon ; and the sergeants to the said corporation, or 
one of them, have from time to time been keepers of the said prison ; and the sergeant, or one of them, have 
entered bonds for the safe keeping of the said prison. That the mayor and burgesses of Headon pay a fee 
farm rent of per annum of £30. quarterly, to the pltf. or his officers, and repair and maintain the bridges 
within the liberties of the town. That the mayor and burgesses of the said corporation have had, and enjoyed, 
waste and void places within the liberties of the said town, and have had the use and benefit thereof for the 
said corporation. 

James II. granted a charter of incorporation to this borough, in the first year of his 
reign. The mayor, bailiff's, &c. &c. are constituted a body politic, to have a recorder and 
town clerk ; they are empowered to hold a court, for the trial of all causes, of debts, 
trespass, &c. occurring within the borough, according to the laws of England. They take 
cognizance of debts, according to the Statute of Merchts, &c. ; and have a prison to hold 
such persons as they commit for debts, felonies, &c. 

The following particulars will best explain the present state of the corporation, courts, 
funds, officers, &c." 

There is one mayor, nine aldermen, and two bailiffs. The mayor is annually elected from ten aldermen, on 
Thursday next before 27th September, at a meeting held at the Guild Hall. There is no limit as to the alder- 
men. The mayor, bailiflfs, and such of the aldermen as choose to attend, retire into their private chamber, and 
there nominate two aldermen ; the two are nominated by poll, in the chamber, where the mayor presides. The 
mayor votes. The commonalty then choose one of the two. The youngest elected alderman is generally the 
next mayor. The mayor for the time being is returning officer, and therefore not re-elected. No rule as to 
when a mayor may serve again. The aldermen are chosen from the burgesses who have served the office of 
bailiflfs, and are generally elected on the same day as the mayor. Two are nominated by the bench. One is 
chosen by the whole body of burgesses, and is alderman for life. Never removed for non-residency, it not 

" These extracts, which best narrate the privileges of the present corporation, are taken from the evidence 
of the town clerk, Jas. Iveson, Esq. before the Corporation Commissioners, in December, 1833. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 145 

being required when elected or afterwards. They only act as justices in their constitutional capacities. Bailiffs 
generally chosen also same day as mayor ; four are chosen by the bench, and two elected by the commonalty, 
and serve one year. The mayor and bailiffs are magistrates, but not the aldermen. No recorder has been 
chosen for more than a century. The town clerk chosen by the mayor, aldermen, and bailiffs, and confirmed 
by royal sign manual. Coroner also chosen by the bench, on same day, in September. He is often the outgoing 
mayor, sometimes an alderman. No fines by charter for not serving. A bye law imposes £60. for not serving 
as mayor, and £40. for bailiffs. No bye-laws made for the last century. All freemen exempt from toll, and 
throughout the kingdom. Courts. — The corporation have exclusive jurisdiction in quarter sessions, which are 
held according to act of parliament, although there is seldom any business transacted. There is a gaol within the 
town-hall, but no tread mill. The court of pleas has not sat for a long lime. The jurisdiction of that court 
extends to debts of any amount, but it is never held. There is a contract with the Fast-Riding magistrates, under 
an act of parliament, for committing persons to the East-Riding house of correction, either for trial or for 
punishment. 

Corporal'icn property and tolls, — The property consists of houses, buildings, and lands, iu Hedon, pro- 
ducing £273. 19s. yearly; fee farm rents, amounting to £52. 5s. 6d. ; tolls on carriages and cattle, passing 
through and coming into the borough, produce yearly £25. 4s. 6d. There are eleven other houses, occupied 
by old burgesses, and widows of burgesses, paying no rent. Tolls are as follows: — Waggon drawn by four 
horses, 4d. bricks per load, 6d. toll on corn never taken, lime per load, 6d. every horse drawn or led Id. every 
ox drawn or led Id. sheep per score, 4d. every stage booth, not paying duty, 4d. every beast on Holyrood 
day, jd. every beast on Magdalen day, Id. the toll in the market 2d. for any person not a freeman. The 
corporation are said to be rich, because their expenditure do not exceed their income. The limits of the cor- 
poration are co-extensive with the limits of the borough. There are two market searchers, who are sworn at 
the court leet ; they are also tasters of ale ; a bellman, a pinder, and five constables, includint; the sergeant- 
at-mace. The mayor has an allowance of £40. per annum, for entertainments given and the usual expences 
of the mayoralty. He is also entitled to three bushels of coals from every ship's cargo brought into the haven, 
which is worth about £10. a year, and the fees obtained on the admission of freemen. The lown clerk has a 
salary of £10. a year, with £4. for the collection of the fee farm rents. He is also clerk of the peace at the 
quarter sessions, and clerk to the coroner. The sergeant-at-mace has £S. a year, and a suit of clolhes every 
two years, and lives iu the town-hall. The bellman has 20s. a year for cryiug for the corporation, and fees 
for the same from other people. The market searchers are the constables. 

A LIST OF MAYORS AND BAILIFFS OF HEDOX, 

Extracted from the Warhurton Papers, in the Lansdomn Collection, British Museum, No. 894. 

MAYORS. B.4rLlFF.S. MAYOHS. BAYLIFFS. 

Edw. HI. powered the burgesses to elect a mayor and 

1366 Stephen de Burton, Stephen Goldman, John de bailiffs, the above names are all that are quoted 

Mersk unlil 1446, when in the succeeding years they 

1380. — This year, a bushel of wheat was sold in are more regularly preserved. 

Hedon for 6d. ; a gallon of white wine for 6d. ; Hen. VI. 

a gallon of claret wine for 4d. 1446 John Bennington, AVm. Bilton, Wm. Rocs 

1387.— This year, Rochelle wine was sold for 7 John Bennington, Rich. Willerby, Jas. Kettrell 

13s. 4d. the tun. 8 Richard Belton, John Ehvine, Robert Ben- 

1391 JohnFrankise ningham 

7 William Cotes 9 Richard Bolton AVilliara Chapman, William 

1419 William Merflete, Wm. Lacy, John Thorklebye INIoUescrofte 

From the charter of Edw. 111., which first em- 50 Richard Willerby, John March, Law. Barbour 



146 



MAYORS. 


BATIIFFS. 


MATORS. 


1451 John Elvin 


John Sturmy, John Poller 


1494 John Smith, 


2 




5 John Smith, 


3 




G John Smith, 


4 William Bilton, 


John Robt. Beningham 


7 William Smith, 


5 William Bilton, 


John Sturmy, Richard Wele 


8 William Smith, 


6 William Bilton, 


William Roos, John Snawe 


9 John Smith, 


7 

9 

60 
E. IV. 




1500 John Croftes, 




1 John Croftes, 




2 John Croftes, 


1 John Ehvyn, 


Wm. Cromwell, John Barker 


3 John Croftes, 


2 John Sturmy, 


Ralph Smith, John Porter 


4 William Haymor, 


3 John Sturmy, 


Wm. Furnas, Robt. Mirwyn 


5 William Bai!..-rd, 


4 


John March, William Longe 


G John Child, 


5 Robert Smith, 


Robert Benningham, Jon. 


7 John Baildon, 




Banchard 


8 John Pynninge, 


6 Ralph Smith, 


John Snawe, Peter Watson 


Henry Yin. 


r Ralph Smith, 


John Sharpe, Wm. Durham 


9 John Pynninge, 


8 John March, 


Wm. Cromwell, Jno. Johnson 


10 WiUiam Sparkes, 


9 John JLirch, 


Wm. Furnas, Roger Jlyrwyn 


1 John Child. 


70 William Cromwell, 


Wm. Longe, Thos. Barnard 


2 Ditto, 


1 William Cromwell, 


Jno. Barchard, Thos. Benson 


3 John Baildon, 


2 Thomas Barnard, 


Peter Watson, Thos. Shawe 


4 William Sparkes, 


3 Thomas Barnard, 


John Snawe, Thos. Neleson 


5 


4 




G John Elwyn, 


5 




7 Tho. Pynninge, 


6 




8 John Elwyn, 


7 John Johnson, 


Tho.Benson, Jon. Bartlemew 


9 Henry Smith, 


8 Thomas Barnard, 


John Sharp, William Fry ston 


20 John Robinson, 


9 William Cromwell, 


Peter Watson, John Smyth 


1 Philip Miffin, 


SO John Sharpe, 


Wm. Furnas, Thos. Neleson 


2 John Hornclitre, 



1 John Sharpe, 

3 Thomas Barnard, 
Rich. III. 

4 Thomas Barnard, 

5 John Sharpe 
Hen. VII. 

6 John Sharpe, 

7 John Sharpe, 

8 Thomas Barnard, 

9 Thomas Barnard, 
90 Thomas Barnard, 

1 John Sharpe, 

2 Thomas Barnard, 

3 Thomas Barnard, 



Wm. Smith, Rob. Richardson 

John Barchard, Robt. Dunne 

Robt. Ingiam, Thos. Wilson 
Thos.Benson, J no.Bartlemew 

Peter Watson, Robt. Boynton 
John Smith, Peter Ehvyn 
Wm. Furncs, Robert Hardie 
John Barchard, Wm. Smith 
Robt. Ingram, Wm. Lound 
Thos. Neleson, John Coling 
Peter Watson, John Croftes 
John Smith, Robert Doune 



3 Ditto, 
4 

5 Philip Miffin, 

6 William Thowe, 

7 Philip MilTyn, 

8 John Robinson, 

9 John ThornclifTe, 
30 John ThorncliiTe, 

1 Philip MifRn, 

2 Philip Miffin, 

3 John Cleveland, 

4 John Robinson. 

5 John Cleveland, 

6 Philip Miffyn, 



BATLIFFS. 

Peter Elwyn, Wm. Watson 
Robert Hardie, John Wilson 
William Smith, John Sawer 
John Coleman, Thos. Sk erne 
John Croftes, Hugh Brice 
Tho. Neleson.Wm.Benewell 
John Hyngerdby, Wm. Hay- 
Robert Mason, Henry Vipon, 

or, Robert Hardie 
John Sawer, Robt. Awgrum 
John Pinning, Chr. Hewson 
Thos. SteuxIey,Wm. Barnard 
Henry Smith, Wm. Sparke 
John Burton, Tlios Hardie 
John Elwyn, John Robinson 
Robt. Pynninge, Jas TroUup. 

Rob. Awgrum, Chr. Fisher 
Rich. Painter, Tho. Jackson 
Hen. Smyth, John Smyth 
Tho. Hardie, Wm. Roger 

Tho. Jackson, 

Chr. Fisher, Tho. Fewson 

Roger Bell, Tho. Hudson 
Hen. Smyth, John Robinson 
Tho. Jackson, Rob. Clapham 
Wm. Roger, John Anchon 
Jno. Horncliffe, Chas. Fisher 
Anth. Kirby, Roger, Bell 
John Cleveland, Geo. Cham- 

berlaine 
John Awchon. John Sparkes 

Wm. Thowe, John Sparke 
Tho. Jackson, John Sparke 
Roger Beal, John Cleveland 
Roger Beale, Jno. Cleveland 
Roger Bell, John Cleveland 
John Roos, Geo. Scudamore 
John Roos, Geo. Wilkinson 
Geo.AVilkinson, Jno. Walker 
John Roos, Geo. Scudamore 
John Roos, Chas. Cleveland 
John Roos, Gerard Elwyn 
John Roos, Richard Ingram 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



147 



MAYORS. BAYLIFFS. 

1537 John Cleveland, John Roos, Chr. Cleveland 

8 John Cleveland, Christr. Cleveland, Pateick 

Thompson 

9 Patrick Thompson Stephen Han-ington, Joii. 

BuUer 
40 Step. Harrington, Robt. Swacke, Rich. Buller 

1 Step. Harrington, John Jackson, Jon. Cleve. 

land 

2 John Buller, John Jackson, John Green 

3 Richard Buller, Jno. Jackson, Jno. Cleveland 

4 Robert Swarke, John Cleveland, John Green 

5 Step. Harrington, Jno. Cleveland, Jno. Bolton 

6 Step. Harrington, Tho. Bolton, Robt. Con 
K VI. 

7 John Cleveland. Tho. Bolton, Hen. Jackson 

8 John Swacke, John Jackson, Robt Con 

9 Steph. Harington, Tho. Bolton, Hen. Jackson 
50 John Buller, Tho. Bolton, John Jackson 

1 Steph. Harrington, Tho. Bolton, John Jackson 

2 John Buller, Hen. Jackson, John Sparke 
P. & M. 

3 Steph. Harrington, Thos. Bolton, John Jackson 

4 John Cleveland, Rich. Thompson,Tho. Cooke 

5 Steph. Harrington, Percival Lowe, Wm. Smith 

6 Henry Jackson, Percival Lowe, Roger Meny- 

thorpe 

7 William Smith, Jno. Sparke, Roger Meny- 

thorpe 

8 John Buller, Jno.Sparke, Tho.Richardson 
2 Eliz. 

9 William Smith, John Ingram, Thomas Ld: 

Ballisses 
GO John BuUer, Tho.Richardson, Tho. Cook- 

man 

1 Thomas Richardson, Robt. Sadler, Jno. Davyson 

2 John Buller, Robt. Sadler, Rd. Wells 

3 Fran. Fotherbie, Wm. Jackson, Wm. Endcr- 



4 John Ingram, 



Tho. (^ooke, Geo.Worlington 



5 Tho.Richardson, Wm.Enderson, Ralph Achon 

G John Buller, Wm. Jackson, Geo. Worling- 

ton 

7 Tho. Richardson, Wm. Enderson, Wm. Potter 

8 Brian Headon, Wm. Jackson, Geo.Worling- 

ton 
\John Weighill, Wm. Enderson, Wm. Horn- 

clille 



MAYORS. BAYLIFFS. 

1570 Fran. Fotherbie, Tho. Cooke, Geo.Worlington 

1 John Buller, Wm. Jackson, Cutli. Denton 

2 John Elvin, Tho. Cooke,Wm. Hornsclitre 

3 John KnoUes, Cuth. Denton, Thos. Headon 

4 Brian Headon, Wm. Pottes, Robert Dow- 

thwaite 

5 John Knolles, William HornclifTe, Richard 

Bracebridge 
G John Buller dying, Thos. Cooke, Wm. Pottes 
Brian Headon chosen 

7 John Knolles, Wm. Horncliffe, Ralph Wade 

8 George Worlington, Wm. Pottes, Rd. Bracebridge 

9 Fran. Fotherbie, Robert Dowthwaite, Ralph 

Wade 
80 John Wighell, William Horncliire, Thomas 

Kirkebie 

1 John Wighell, Robert Dowthwate, William 

Patricke 

2 John Knolles, Cuthbert Denton, Leonard 

Brocklebanke 

3 William Horncliffe, Bobert Dowthwate, Leonard 

Brocklebanke 

4 Francis Newton, Peter Chapman, Jno. Pottes 

5 Geo Chapman, Thos. Jackson, John Pinder 

6 Thomas Kirkbie, Bobert Dowthwate, John 

Kiplinge 

7 Henry Mapleton, Thos. Jackson, John Pinder 

8 John Pottes, Geo. Brocklebanke, Thomas 

Bracebridge 

9 Ralph Savage Jno. Pinder, Peter Chapman 
90 Robert Dowthwate, Thomas Jackson, Hen. Ste- 
phenson 

1 Henry Stephenson, Wm. Russell, Thos. Fryth 

2 Peter Chapman, John Pinder, Thos. Jackson 

3 Thos. Frith, Gco.Merryman, Jno.Twilton 

4 George Chapman, John Burstall, Ralph Barne 

5 WiUiam Russell, Geo.Merryman, Jno.Twilton 
G Thomas Kirkbie, Jno. Burstall, Thos. Elyotson 

7 John Pottes, Jno. Twilton, Jno. Andersou 

8 Ralph Barne, Jno. Burstall, Thos. Elyotson 

9 Thomas Jackson, John Pinder, Jno. Anderson 
1600 John Wilton, Jno.Burstall, Thos. Elyotson 

1 John Burstall, Rd CoUinson, Jon. Walker 

2 John Anderson John Pinder, Chr. Jobson 
Jas. I. 

3 Richard Collinson George Merryman, Roland 

Bennington 



148 



MAYORS. 

1604 George Chapman, Hy. Elvin.Robt.Waterhouse 

5 Christopher Jobson, Thos. Burton, Richd. Spinke 

6 Henry Elvin, Thos. Bracebridge, Robert 

Blanchard 

7 John Pinder, Martin Wiggan, Rd. Spinke 

8 Thomas Kirkbie, Robert Blanchard, William 

GrindaU 

9 John Potts, Richd. Spinke, Robt. Kcld 
10 Roland Benington, Robert Blancharm, William 

Grindall 

1 John Biirstall, Robert Brackcs, Lancelot 

Jackson 

2 John Anderson, Richd. Spinke, Robt. Keld 

3 Richard Spinke, Lancelot Newton, Wilham 

Ombler 

4 Robert Br.ickes, Rt. Keld, Lancelot Jackson 

5 Robert Keld, Wm. Ombler, Thomas Ste- 

phenson 

6 Lancelot Newton, Martin Wiggan, John Brore- 

bridge 

7 Lancelot Jackson, Wm. Ombler, Thos.Robinson 

8 William Ombler, Thos. Stephenson, WilUam 

Walker 

9 Thos. Barton, Thos. Robinson, Wm. Holme 
20 Thomas Robinson, Wm. Walker, Ellis Bonfrey 

1 Thos. Stephenson, John Burstall, Wm. Pottes 

2 Ellis Bonfrey, Leon. Collinson, Wm. Lister 

3 John Burstall, Mart. Wiggan, Wm. Burstall 

4 John Anderson, Wm. Lister, Thos. Savage 
Chas. I. 

5 Robert Brockes, Wm. Burstall, Geo. Horsley 

27th March, K. I. Uyer 

6 Lancelot Jockson, Wm. Lister, Thos. Savage 

7 William Ombler, Wm. Burstall, Geo. Horsley 

8 Thomas Robinson, Wm. Anderson, Robt. Liver- 

sedge 

9 William Lister, Geo. Horally, Thos. Burton 
30 William Burstall, Wm. Anderson, Robt. Liver- 
sedge 

1 Thos. Stephenson, Thos. Savage, Geo. Horsley 

2 EUis Bonfrey, Wm. Walker, Robt. Liver- 

sedge 

3 William Anderson, Thos. Burton, Rd. Soulhwike 

4 John Burstall, Thos. Savage, Robt. Liver- 

sedge 
.5 William Pottes, Thos. Burton, Rd. Soulhwike 

G Robt. Liversedge, Thos. Savage,Nichol Booker 



50 Henry String 
1 William List. 



MAYORS. BATLIFFS. 

1637 Lancelot Jockson, Robt. Kcld, Robt. Blanchard 

8 Wm. Ombler, dyed, Richard Southwieke, Nichol 

and Thomas Bur- Booker 
ton chosen 

9 WiUiam Lister, Wm. Sogge, Rd. Barne 

40 Thomas Savage Rd.Southwike, Robt.Ombler- 

1 Thomas Robinson Wm. Sagge, Rd. Barne 

2 Robert Keld, Richard Soulhwike, Robert 

Ombler 

3 William BurstaU Robt. Blanchard, Rd. Barne 

4 William Pottes, Robt.Ombler, Rd.Southwike 

5 Richard Southwike, Robt. Blanchard, Rd. Barne 

6 Robert Ombler, Hy. Stringer, Hy. Hodgson 

7 Robert Blanchard, Nath. Norris, Brian Gawtrie 

8 Richard Barne, Henry Stringer, Wm. Sagge 

9 Nath. Norris, Brian Gawtree, Wm. South- 

wike 
John Kempe, Ed. CoUyson 
William Southwike, Robert 

Burstall 

2 William Burstall, Ed. Collison, John Clayton 

3 Richard Southwick, Robt. Burstall, Ellis Bonfrey 

4 Thos. Burton, Ed. CoUyson, Brian Gautree 

John Clayton 

5 Robert Ombler, Robt. Burstall, Ellis Bonfrey 
G Robert Blanchard, Brian Gawtree, Jno. Clayton 

7 Richard Barne, Wm. Welles, Wm. RusseU 

8 Nathaniel Norris, John Clayton, Ellis Bonfrey 

9 Ellis Bonfrey, Robt. Burstall, Wm. Welles 
GO William Welles, Brian Gawtree, Wm. Russell 

1 Richard Southwike, Wm. Burstall, Wm. Ombler 

2 Robert Burstall, John Cowle, John Watson 

3 AVilliam Burstall, Jos. Hobson, Rt. Fairbarne 

4 Nich Booker, John Watson, Wm. Levit 

5 William Towle, Rt. Almoner, Wm. Barchard 

6 Richard Barne, John Kitchin, John Watson 

7 William Almoner. 

This ends the Warburton list. The remaining 
names are supplied by James Iveson, Esq. 



Eliz. Bonfrey, 



Richd. Barne, Robt. Burstall 



AViUiam Burstall 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



149 



MAVOES. 

IG75 William Dawson, 



BATLIFFS. 



9 Lawrence Cockrill, John Barker, \Vm. Milner 
80 



2 Elizeus Bonfrey, 

3 Hugh Bethell, 

4 \Vm. Davison, 

5 William Davison, 
Appointed by charter, Ji 

6 William Baines, 
7 

8 Laurence Cockrill, 
9 

90 
1 



John Barker, Wm. Milner 
Francis Dring, Jno. Burstall 
Thos. Proctor, Wm. Milner 
Thos. Proctor, AVm. Milner 

5. n. 



Wm. Milner, Fras. Dring 



2 Henry Waterland, Thos. Robinson, Jno. Pudsey 

3 Samuel Watson, Richd. Bower, Philip Beadle 

4 Joseph Green, Step. Reed, Robt. Barker 

5 George Wright, John Dring, John Barker 
6 

7 Christopher Walker, Benj. Smithers, Wm.Watson 



3 Henry Waterland, W^aite Walker, Fras. Moor 

4 Joseph Green, Rt. Barker, Benj. Smithers 



3 

4 

5 Thomas Rimington, Richd. Vipont, Robt. Keld 

6 

7 



3 Laurence Cockrill, Rd. Vipont, Rd. Garton 



5 Samuel Watson, 

6 Nat. Dring 

7 Henry Waterland, 

8 John Barker, 

9 Leonard Burgh, 



10 Charle 
1 WiUiai 



Walker, 
1 Whitehead 



2 William Burstall, 

3 

4 Samuel Watson, 

5 

6 Nat. Dring, 



Fras. Dring, Geo.Newmarch 
Thos. Harrison, Chr. Ruston 
Rd. Garton, Rd. Vipont 
Jos. Green, Geo. Wright 
George Newmarsh, William 

Cossens 
David Logan, Wm. Pearson 
. Leonard Hammond, Francis 

Walker 
Geo. Wright, David Logan 

Francis Hill, Philip Beedall 

Wm. Cossens, Philip Beedale 
Cossens dying, Wm. Pear- 
son chosen 2Gth Nov. 



7 Hon. Hen. Pultney, 

he not appearing, 
Samuel Watson, 

8 Henry Waterland, 

9 John Watson, 
40 Thomas Towle, 

1 John Pudsey. 

2 George Wright, 

3 Henry Waterland, 

4 Stephen Read 
5 

G Samuel Watson, 

7 John Watson, 

8 Thomas Towle, 

9 John Pudsey, 
50 George Wright, 

1 Henry Waterland, 



2 WilUam Beadle, 

3 Stephen Reed, 

4 Thomas Towle, 

5 John Pudsey, 

6 Wm. Burgh, 

7 John Watson dying, 

George Wright 

8 John Farbridge, 



William Dales, Peter Tock 
John Moor, John Walker 
Wra. Tock, Wm. Shackles 
Robt. Ruston, Fras. Moor 
Peter Tock, Wm. Beadle 

Peter Tock, Wm. Beadle 
Wm. Blount, Wm. Shackles 

PennockWard, Jno.C'hamber 
Waite Walker, Wm. Beadle 
Peter Tock, Robt. Ruston 
Pennock Ward, Thos. Dring 
Jno. Farbridge, Peter Tock 
Benj. Gorwood, John Cham- 
bers, he dying, Thos. Bar- 
ker chosen, 2nd Jan. 1752 
Jno. Fairbridge, Rd. Jackson 
Fras. Moor, Waite Walker 
Thos. Barker, Wm. Thorp 
Fras. Moor, Thos. Dring 
Robt. Ruston, Rd. Jackson 
J. Farbridge, Waite Walker 

Thos. Dring, Richd. Fearne 



150 



MAYORS. 

1759 Henry Waterland, 
60 Thomas Tow le, 

1 Stephen Reed dyinj 

John Farhridge, 

2 Waite 'Walker, 

3 Wm. Burgh, 

4 WiUiara Thorpe, 

5 John Farbridge, 
G Thos. Towle, 

7 AV'illiam Iveson, 

8 Edward CoIUnson, 

9 John Bedell, 

70 Wm. Beadall, 

1 George Hornby, 

2 Wm. Thorpe, 

3 Wm. Iveson, 

4 Thos. Towle, 

5 Edward Collinson 

6 John Thorpe, 

7 Beilby Thompson, 

8 Richard Jackson, 

9 Robert Clifford, 
80 Wm. Iveson, 

1 Richard Webster, 

2 Nich. Bring, 

3 John Wadman, 

4 John Burstall, 

5 John Bedell, 

6 John Thorpe, 

7 Beilby Thompson, 

8 Thomas Hornby, 

9 Wm. Iveson, 
90 Richard Webster, 

1 John Burstall, 

2 William Day, 

3 Richard Jackson, 

4 John Bedell, 

5 Nic. Dring, 



Wm. Thorp, Ed. Collinson 

AVaite Walker, Thos Dring 

, Rd. Fearne, Edw. Collinson 

Geo.Homby, Thos. Robinson 

Rd. Jackson, Nic. Dring 

Jno. Bedell, Thomas Robin- 
son, jun. 

Jno. Thorpe, Edw. Collinson 

Wm. Iveson, Wm. Dring 

Robt. ClifTord, I. Owbridge 
John Bedell, Nic. Dring 
Rd. Webster, Thos. Clap- 

pinson 
Rd. Jackson, Robt. Clifford 
Thomas Robinson, Thomas 

Clappinson 
Nic. Dring, Rd. Webster 
John Walker, Robt Clifford 
Nic. Dring, John Thorpe 
Richard Webster, Thomas 

Clappinson 
Francis Jackson, Barrington 

Webster 
Rd. Jackson, Rd. Webster 
Bar. Webster, Daniel John 

Roydhouse 
John Wadman. Wm. Day 
Richard Webster, Francis 

Vickerman 
Thos. Dring, Benj. Bedell 
Jno. Webster, Jno. Burstall 
Francis Vickerman, Robert 

Webster 
Wra. Day, Benj. Bedell 
Thos. Brown, Tlius. Hornby 
Eras. Vickerman, Wm. Day 
Benj. Beddl, Matthew Ellis 
Wra. Iveson, John Taylor 
Fras. Vickerman, Wm. Day 
Thos. Brown, Thos. Dring' 
Wm. Day, John Taylor 
Fras. Vickerman, Thomas 

Leek 
Hy. Wilson, John Webster 
Math. Ellis, John Hansley 
Fras. Vickerman, Jas. Iveson 



M.ATORS. BATLIFFS. 

179G John Wadman, John Taylor, Thos. Jackson 

7 Thomas Hornby, Thos. Leak, James Iveson 

8 WilUam Iveson. Thos. Dring, John Taylor 

9 James Iveson, Thos. Brown, Malthw. Ellis 
1800 John Thorpe, Jno. Taylor, Jno. Robinson 

1 Wm. Day, Thos. Dring, Matthew Ellis 

2 Jno. Burstall, Jno. Taytor, Jno. Robinson 

3 Jno. Taylor, Thos. Dring, Matthew Ellis 

4 Jno. Robinson, Thos. Brown, Hy. Wilson 

5 Jno. Bedell, Thos. Dring, Thos. Jackson 

6 Wm. Iveson, Thos. Brown, Geo. Hewson 

7 Thomas Dring, Mattw. Ellis, Thos. Jackson 

8 Thomas Hornby. Ed. Omblcr, Geo. Websier 

9 Nicholas Drifig, Thos. Jackson, Hy. Hansley 
10 WiUiam Day, Jno. Burstall, David Grice 

1 Henry Hansley Thos. Taylor, Jno. Soutter 

2 Edward Ombler, Geo. Hewson, Geo. Webster 

3 John Taylor, Robt. Clifford, John Canhara 

Day 

4 Robt. Clifford Geo. Webster, Jno. Robinson 

5 Jno. Robinson, died John Taylor, John Hornby 

7 Dec. 1815, 
Wm. Iveson, elected 
II Dec. 

Jos. Robinson, Chas. Gibson 
Thos. Jackson, Thos. Taylor 
Thos.Taylor, Josh. Robinson 
Thomas Jackson, Jos. Robin- 
son, merchant. 
Thos. Hoe, jun., Jos. Robin- 
son, yeoman 
1 hos. Taylor, Jos. Robinson, 

merchant 
Thos. Jackson, Chas. Gibson 
3 Josheph Robinson John Canham Day, John 
Taylor, jun. 
Chas. Gibson, Geo. Sawyer 
Richd. Iveson, Jas Matthews 
Chas. Gibson, John Taylor, 
jun. 

7 Wm. Pay died 2 Oct. Thos. Taylor, Rd. Iveson 

1827, 
John Soutter, elected 
8 Oct. 

8 Thos. Taylor, Chas. Gibson, Jas. Soutter 

9 Jos. Robinson, Richd. Iveson, Jno. Taylor 
30 Richd. Iveson, Chas. Gibson, Thos. Hoe 



e John Hornby, 

7 John Soutter, 

8 Wm. Iveson, 

9 William Day, 

20 Henry Hansley. 

1 Edw. Ombler, 

2 John Taylor, 



4 John Hornby, 

5 George Sawyer, 

6 Wm. Iveson, 



MIDDLE J3AILIWICK. 



151 



MAYORS. 

1831 John Hornby, 



William Iveson, 



3 Thomas Taylor, 

4 Joseph Robinson, 



John Taylor, James Watson 

Fenwick 
Jas. JIalthcws, Arthur Ive- 

son. Matthews died 1 1 Ap. 

1S33, Thos. Hoe elected G 

May, 
Tho. Eggleston, Geo. Iveson 
Jno. Taylor, Arthur Iveson 



MAYORS. 

1835 Richard Iveson, 
G Arthur Iveson, 

7 Wm. Iveson, 

8 John Taylor, 

9 Robert Leal;, 

40 Joseph llobinsoi 



BAYLlFrS. 

Arthur Iveson, Robt. Leak 
Robt. Leak, Geo. Taylor 
John Taylor, Wm. Day 
Robert Leak, Wm. Day 
Benjamin Iveson, Francis 

Thorp Webster 
Geo. Taylor, John Day 



Representative History. — This borough first sent members to parliament 23 E. I. 
It ceased sending from that time to 1 E. VI. from which time it continued to return until 
the period of its disfranchisement by the reform bill, which received the royal assent on 
the 7th June, 1832. 

HEYDON (HEDONE, VILLA YEL BURGUS). 















PERSONS 


A.D. 




TESTE. 


A.B. 


A.R. 


RETURN. 


OBSERVATIONS. 


RETURNED. 




i^d^.T 
















1295 


23 


3rd Oct. 


Canterbury 


1295 


23 


ISthNov 


Westminster, on No original writs 
Sunday next after! for this parliament 


Stephanus de 
Burton. 
















the Feast of St 


have been discov- 


















Martin (prorog'd 


ered. 


















by the next writ.) 


A transcript of 




1295 


23 


2nd Nov. 


Odimere. 


1295 


24 


27thNov. 


Westminster, by 


return for the co. 


RinardusCivis 
















prorogation on of York (from ori- 


















Sunday next be-'ginal, &c.) Petit 


















fore the Feast ofMS.S. vol. 15th, 


















St. Andrew the Inner Temple Lib. 


















Apostle. No enrolments of 


















writs de expensis 


















for this parliament 


















iare extant on the 




















roll. 





Parliaments commenced 

1 Edward VI. Nov. 8, 1547, Edward Elderton and Robert Gouche, Esqrs. 

7 „ March 1, 1553, John Constable and Robert Shakerley, Esqrs. 

1 Mary Oct 5, 1553, John Constabell, Knt. and Robert Shakerley, Esq. 

1 ,, April 2, 1554, Thomas AVharton, Knt. and Richard Cuthbert, Esq. 

1 and 2 Philip and Mary Nov. 12, 1554, Richard Cuthbert and John Constable, Es'jrs. (Qu.) 

2 and 3 „ ,, Oct. 21, 1555, George Cobham and Richard Cuthbert, Esqrs. 

4 and 5 „ „ Jan. 20, 1557, John Constable, Knt. and John Goldewell, Esq. 

1 Elizabeth Jan. 23, 155S-9, Nullum dederit responsura. 

5 „ Jan. 11, 1562-3, John Constable and Christopher Hildyard, Esqrs. 

1-3 „ April 2, 1571, Christopher Hildyard and William Paler, Esqrs. 

14 „ May 8, 1572, Christopher Hildyard and John Moor, Esqrs. 

27 „ Nov. 23, 1585, Henry Constable and Fulk Grevill, Esqrs. 

28 „ Oct. 29, 1586, Henry Constable, Knt. and John Hothara, Esq. 
31 „ Feb. 4, 1588, John Alford and Christopher Hildyard, Esqrs. 
35 „ Nov. 19, 1592, Henry Brooke and Christopher Hildyard, Esqrs. 
39 „ Oct. 24, 1597, Thomas Selwyn and Christopher Hildyard, Esqrs. 



152 



43 Elizabeth 


Oct. 7, 


1 Jac. I. 


Mar. 19, 


12 „ 


April 5, 


18 „ 


Jan. 30, 


21 „ 


Feb. 19, 


1 Car. I. 


June 21, 


2 Pari. 


Feb. 6, 


3 Car. I. 


Mar. 16, 


15 


April 13, 


16 


Nov. 3, 


Protect. 


July 5, 


Commonwealth 


Sept. 3, 


„ 


Sept. 17, 


„ 


Jan. 27, 



Jac. ir. 

Wm. and Mary 



1 George I. 

1 George II. 

8 

20 
27 
1 George III. 



1601, Matthew Pattison and Christopher Ilildyard, Fsqrs. 
1603, Henry Constable and Christopher Ilildyard, Knts. 

In Constable's place, Jno. Digby, Knt. 
1614, Christopher Ilildyard, Knt. and Clem. Coke, I'sq. 
1620, Mattliew Boyuton, Knt. and Bart, and Thomns Fairfax, Ki 
1623, Thomas Fairfax and Christopher Hildyard, Knts. 

1625, Thos. I'airfax, of Walton, and Christopher Ilildyard, Knts. 

1626, Thomas Fairfax and Christopher Ilildyard, Knts 
1628, Christopher Hildyard, Knt. and Thomas Allurud, Ksq. 
1640, Philip Stapleton, Knt. John Allured, Esq. 

1640, WiUiam Strickland, Knt. and John Allured, Esq. 

1653, Called the Little Parliament ; no return. 

1654, No return. 
1656, No return. 

1658-9, Thomas Strickland and Matthew Allured, Esqrs, 

1660, Hugh Bethell and Henry Ilildyard, Esqrs. 

1661, John Appleyard, and Sir Hugh Bethell, Knt. 
Henry Guy, and Sir Hugh Bethell, Knt. 

1678, Sir Hugh Bethell, Knt. and Henry Guy. 

1679, Henry Guy and William Boynton, Esqrs. 
1681, Henry Guy and William Boynton, Esqrs. 
1685, Henry Guy and Charles Buncombe, Esqrs. 
1688, Matthew Appleyard and Henry Guy, Esqrs. 
1690, Henry Guy and Matthew Appleyard, Esqrs. 
1695, Sir Thomas Frankland, Hugh Bethell, Esq. 
1698, Anthony Duncomb and Hugh Bethell, Esqrs 

1700, Sir R. Beddingfield, Knt. and Anthony Duncomb, Esq. 

1701, Sir R. Hildyard, and Anthony Duncomb, Esq. 

1702, Henry Guy and Anthony Duncomb, Esqrs. 

1705, Anthony Duncomb and William Pultney, Jun. Esqrs. 

1707, Anthony Duncomb and William Pultney, Jun. Esqrs. 

1708, William Pultney, Jun. and Hugh Cholmley, Esqrs. 
1710, William Pultney, Jun. and Hugh Cholmley, Esqrs. 

1713, William Pultney, Jun. and Hugh Cholmley, Esqrs. 

1714, William Pultney, Jun. and Daniel Pultney, Esqrs. 
1722, Harry Pultney and William Pultney, Esqrs. 
1727, William Pultney and Henry Pultney, Esqrs. 

1734, Sir Francis Boynton, Bart, and George Berkley, Esq. 
1741, Lord Montrath, and George Berkley, Esq. 

Luke Robinson, in the room of the latter deceased. 
1747, Luke Robinson and John Saville, Esqrs. 
1754, Charles Saunders and Peter Dennis, Esqrs. 
1761, Peter Dennis and Charles Saunders, Esqrs. 
1768, Sir Charles Saunders, Knt. and Beilby Thompson, Esq. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 153 

12 George III. 1772, Sir Charles Saunders (deceased), and Beilby Thompson, Esq. 

21 „ Sept. 8, 1780, Christopher Atkinson and William Chaytor, Esqrs. 

24 ,, Dec. 15, 1783, Stephen Lushington, vice Atkinson, perjured. 

25 „ Mar. 31, 1784, William Chaytor and Lionel Darrell, Esqrs. 
30 „ June 18, 1790, Beilby Thompson and Lyonel Darrell, Esqrs. 

36 „ May 30, 1796, Sir Lionel! Darell, Bart, and Christopher Atkinson, Esq. 

42 ,, July 5, 1802, George Johnstone and Christopher Savill, Esqrs. 

46 ,, Nov. 1, 1806, George Johnstone and Anthony Browne, Esqrs. 

48 „ May 8, 1807, George Johnstone and Anthony Browne, Esqrs. 

52 ,, Oct. 7, 1812, George Johnstone and Anthony Browne, Esqrs. 

53 ,, Dec. 4, 1813, John Broadhurst; vacant by death of Johnstone. 
59 ,, June 18, 1818, Edmund Furton and Robert Farrand, Esqrs. 

1 George IV. Mar. 8, 1820, John Baillie and Robert Farrand, Esqrs. 

William IV. June 12, 1826, John Baillie and Thomas Hyde Villiers, Esqrs. 

July 30, 1830, Sir T. A. Clifford Constable, Bart, and Robert Farrand, Esq. 
Apr. 30, 1831, Sir T. A. Clifiord Constable, Bart, and Robert Farrand, Esq. 
There are no records of petitions relative to elections in this borough until the last century, when Wm. 
Wickham, Esq. petitioned, stating that Wm. Pultney and Hugh Cholmley, Esq. and the petitioner, were 
candidates, and complaining of an undue return of Mr. Pidtney, by bribery and indirect practices There was 
no report. In 1745, there having been a vacancy, on the death of George Berkley, Esq. Locke Robinson, 
Esq petitioned against the return of Samuel Gumley, Esq. He withdrew his petition, but was afterwards 
voted duly elected, and Mr. Gumley not duly elected. Feb. 3, 1746. — There was another cause, between — 
Mead, Esq. and Luke Robinson, Esq. relative to bribery at the election for the borough of Hedon, tried at the 
York assizes. The action was brought against Mr Robinson, upon the statute of the 2 Geo. II. for employing 
Mr. Pennock Ward to give certain sums of money to the electors for voting for Mr. Chute and Mr. Robinson. 
The trial began at eight in the morning, and continued the whole day ; when, after examination of a great 
number of witnesses, and the producing several notes of hand for sums of money paid to the electors, and 
variety of learned arguments by the counsel on both sides, the jury, which consisted of gentlemen of the best 
fortune in the county, brought in their verdict against Mr. Robinson without going out of court. In Dec. 
1783, Christopher Atkinson, Esq. a merchant in London, was expelled the house for perjary. He was returned 
in 1 796, and took the name of Saville in 1 798. Actions were brought against P. E. Mestaer, Esq. for bribery 
committed at Hedon election, in 1802, when the principal evidence against him was his colleague, Christopher 
Saville, Esq. formerly Atkinson, who had been a joint candidate with him upon that occasion. At the same 
election, the numbers polled were, Geo. Johnson, Esq 115, Christr, Saville, Esq. 108, P. E. Mestaer, Esq. 83, 
— Jackson, Esq 77. The number of voters in 1775 were about 175; deducting 30 revenue officers, who 
were disfranchised, the number hardly exceeded 140. In 1816, there were upwards of 200. The right of 
election was in the burgesses, whose privileges were gained either by descent, by serving seven years to a free- 
man residing only in the borough, or by an honorary gift at the discretion of the chief officers for the time 
being, which latter power was seldom exercised, on account of the opposition and jealousy of the burgesses as 
a body. The returning officer was the mayor. At the last contested election, on 25th June, 1826, 351 free- 
men polled, 77 only being resident, and 274 non-resident. 

A letter, of which the following is a copy, was found some time ago amongst several ancient town records, 
in the belfry of St. Augustine's Church, at Hedon, no date is affixed ; it is written on paper, and must, from 
its style, be at least as ancient as the reign of Henry VIII. It furnishes another proof that in all ages there 

V 2 



154 IIEDON. 

have been improvident husbands, gently upbraiding wives, bailifls, distresses for rent, and alas ! want of 
" scherts" for " chylldren." It also teaches us, that " good times, and bad times, and all times get over." 

The subjects of this letter sleep with their fathers, even their tombstones have probably long since crumbled 
into dust ; and but for this frail memorial, the names, wants, and woes, of Gerrard Urslett, " Kos" liis " wyff','' 
and their " chylldren" wonld, like those of thousands of their fellow mortals, be buried in oblivion. 

Ryghtt wellbelovyd husband Sc bedfelo In ye best man' yt I canne I hertely comend me unto you mervalyng 
grettly yt ze wold nother co' to me nor zytt send to me seyngyt [ & yowre chylldryn was so raervelusly takyn 
& ys not zytt well amendyd & yff that ze do nott come or ells send me somethng to lyfFw' I scliall surly com 
to yow so sone as ev my chyldr able to cary other one or bothe & also ze schall wytt yt ze Balys has bene att 
me iij or iiij tyms for ther ferme and they hayft" straynyd for ytt k ytt must neds be payd schortlly or ells ytt 
wyll be more & I thynk ytt %var most mett yt ze scholld com & se for all suche thyngs your selfe & also I 
desyre yowe yt ze woUd puyd in some plays for me whereas ytt pless yow for I wyl nott be no longer after thys 
man' nor yt I wyll not tary where I am not long and also I desyre you to puyd me ofl' a stone of woll or ij to 
mayk me and your chyldryne clothys apone for we hayff ned ther off as knawys He wo kypp you & thus fayr 
zi well Bott yff hayff any Brokyn Scherts I pray yow to send me them to may the chylld' scherts on. 

By yowre wyfi and Bedfelow Bos Urslett. 

To my webelovyd husband k Bed felo Gerrard Urslett at Holme & Spaldyngmore. 

Dely'r this w' sped." 

Extracts and observations taken from books belonging to the corporation. Hedon, 4 
September, 1790. 

1662. — In this year Robert Keld became bound in a recognigance, with sureties, not to dress or suffer any 
flesh to be eaten in his house during Lent. Charge for a May-pole 5s. To spit turners 2s. ; to cook £ 1. Hedon 
chimes then went. Toll let at £G. per annum. The corporation then paid for communion wine and the poor ta.x. 

1710. — A charge for recorder's fee, £2. ; and Hedon post, .53. 

1711. — An agreement made with the corporation with Wm, Sharp, lo repair the bucket and chain belonging 
to the public well in the Market-place, for 7 years, at 5s. per anu. 

1739. — George Berkly, Esq. M. P. gave £65. to the corporation, to build a keel or boat, to contain 50 qrs. 
corn, and to trade with it for the benefit of the borough. 

1742. — Ordered that the mayor and bailiffs, or some of them, shall have the sole power to employ workmen 
and labonrers to do small job work. An order for Peter Clapison to have 5s. every audit, for carrying letters 
to and from Hull, belonging to the mayor, aldermen, and bailiti's. 

1752. — Twenty guineas paid for the purchase of freedom, by Charles Saunders, F.sq. Thomas Ba.xter, for 
going post for one year 

A note of plate, jewels, writings, books, and other things, delivered up by Mr. Robert Ombler, old maior, to 
Mr. John Brough, now maior : — 1 large silver flagon, the gift of Charles Duncombe, E.sq. 1685 ; the great 
silver bear bowle, with the letters I. A. and 1640 on it ; 1 large piece of plate, the gift of Henry Grey, Esq. : 
1 new silver challice ; 1 large statute book, with a box, and 8 little paper books of accounts ; 1 long silver wyne 
bowle, with I. A. 1610 on it; 1 large guilded mace, with a case, the case head broken ; 1 silver salt, with 
cover ; 6 silver spoons, called Apostle spoons ; 2 silver seals, and cross piece of silver , 1 brass and 1 pewter 
quart pott ; the little gold mace, and two others covered with silver ; 1 silver chene, with a scutcheon to it, 
and 3 scutcheons which the waites used to wear ; 1 grert gilded bowle, the gift of Colonel Methen Alured ; 1 
old statute book, and the black book of acts ; the ordinance book, and book ol assize ; 2 keys of Revestry Hall 

* Orig. penes A. Dunn, Esq. Hedon. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 155 

dore, and prison dore keys ; 2 scales, one brass and the other pewter, and seal for skeps ; 1 yard wand ; scales, 
and 6 hollow weights, seaven bell weights, flat do. ; 2 mapps of the town ; 4 broken weights ; I little book of 
acts, 1625; a charter of King John ; a note to free the burgesses of Iledon from assizes ; the true copies of two 
several charters of liberties granted to the citizens of York, the one by King Henry II. the other by King 
Richard I. ; several old records, and the acquittances belonging to fee farms, and the new charter granted by 
King Charles the Second ; King James's charter ; the scales and all the weights belonging to the town. 

The above particulars vvere left in the vestry chamber. 

Wm. Wise, Esq. recorder, also a coroner, two bailitfs, two constables, two churchwardens, two chamberlains, 
nine aldermen of the mayor's council, 4 aldermen auditors, -I burgesses auditors, 4 fire searchers, 4 market 
searchers, 2 overseers of the poor, 2 searchers and sealers, 2 ale finders, 2 attorneys, and 1 pinder, all sworn. 

13 September, 1662. — About this time King Charles II. sent Jno. Hotham, Robt. Hildyard, Thos. Hebble- 
thwaite, M. Warton, and T. Jenkins, who were nominated commissioners under an act of parliament, then 
lately passed, intitled "An Act for the well ordering and regulating of corporations" ; these commissioners 
thought proper, in an arbitrary manner, to remove Wm. Davidson, alderman, and Samuel Raines, town clerk, 
from their respective offices. And they also in like manner thought proper to continue Richd Southwick as 
mayor ; Wm. Vase, Esq. recorder ; Robert Blanshard, Richd. Barne, Elizeus Bonfrey, and Robt. Burstall, as 
aldermen: and who appointed Wm. Burstall and Wm. Ombler the new bailiffs; Nicholas Brooke, Wm. Toll, 
and John Ombler, to be new aldermen ; John Toll and John Watson they appointed bailiffs, and Aquila 
Stephenson town clferk ; and thus the crown unduly aimed at an ascendancy in corporations throughout England. 

1734. — One silver salver, with coat of arms in the middle, at the church, but belongs tlie corporation. 

Ditto, one new silver cup or bowl. 

173.b. — Robert Bnrstall was chosen warden of the company of shoemakers; Christopher Webber was 
chosen warden of the company of hammermen ; Thos. Wright was chosen warden of the company of taylors. 

1754.— This year the corporation seal lost or mislaid ; Mr. Pennock Ward, town clerk, ordered to procure a 
new one at the charge of the corporation. 

19th Aug. 1771. — A prosecution ordered against Thomas Young, of Preston, for not giving notice to the 
mayor of the delivery of a keel load of coals at Preston Stakes. 

2nd Nov. 1791.— An order, that no mayor shall expend more than £5. for work and materials, during his 
mayoralty, with the consent of the majority of the bench. 

30th Jan. 1792.— An agreement or order, that every future candidate to reptesent the borough of Hedon in 
parliament shall, previous to his canvass, take the freedom of the borough, and pay £100. for it, which shall 
ex'cuse him from serving any corporate offices. 

7th Nov. 1792. — Wm. Day, Esq. mayor, received of Messrs. Smith and Thompson £525. for their freec'oms, 
which was lodged in their bank, and not to be called in without an order entered in the corporation book, 
signed by a majority of the bench. 

17th day of Dec. 1792.— An order to allow £24. instead of £20. for the mayor's feast. 

25th Sept. 1798. — The order made 30th Jan. 1792, being publicly read, it was declared to extend to such 
candidates only as were duly elected upon a poll, the two elected, before election declared, and their return 
signed, be admitted to their freedom on payment of £105. 

1657, 7th October. — At the general quarter sessions of Oliver, lord protector of the commonwealth of 
England, &c. held before the mayor, recorder, aldermen, bailiff, ^c. Brian Gawtree presented for not 
coming to the church of public worship of God. 

1759.— Mr. Bonfrey presented for killing a bull iinhaited. 

1663. — An order made at quarter sessions, that no inhabitant of Hedon, except a freeman or burgess, shall 
make barley into malt. 



156 



HF.DON. 



16G6. — The mayor and corporation gave bond to Lord Dunbar, in the sum of £60 besides chargts in the 
exchequer court, commenced by the said lord against the town. 

1651. — In the time of Oliver Cromwell, the court of record was held before the mayor and two bailifl's. 

1733. — James Frith was sergeant-at-raace, and had cloth cloak with silver trimmings bought by the corpo- 
ration, which he was to deliver up in good condition at the expiration of two years. 

1737. — .^n order, that each ringer in turn shall chime to divine sen'ice every Sunday, to be a quarter of an 
hour in chiming and ringing the mayor's bell, under the penalty of 12d. a piece for neglect; and if they neg- 
lect to ring on the usual days, each ringer to forfeit 2s out of bis salary. 

25th Ucc. 1677. —A tax of £7. 18s. 4d. was charged upon the corporation of Hedon, being the third quar- 
ters payment for raising Jice humlred and eighty -four thousand nine hundred ! .' seamen, for the speedy 
building thirty ships of war. 

11th Aug. 1 and 2 Philip and Mary. — By an ancient document of this date, it appears that one Percival 
Lowe, of Hedon, had a distress made upon him by one Gabriel Dybeck, of Hull, for tolls for selling his goods 
in Hull market ; and the matter having been referred to the lord president and council, they determined, after 
examining witnesses, that the inhabitants of Hedon should be toll free at Hull. 

Ecclesiastical Affairs . — Grants to Religious Houses in the Borough of Hedon. 

The Hospital of St. Peter, I'ork.—Wm. le Gross, Earl of Yorkshire, gave a toft here to the brethren of 
the Hospital of St. Peter, York, discharged from all taxes, services, &c. ; a mark of silver, payable yearly out 
of his tolls (Thelonio) in this town ; tested by Wm. Daraori, Ralph de St. Columbia, Helias de Mundeville, 
and Ralph, his brother, and others, about 1154." Wra. the son of Wm. de Fortibus, confirmed the above; 
tested by John, the rector of Skipsea, Henry Cesthunt, Nicholas Hogg, rector of Barraston.'' 

Alice, daur. of Wm. son of Hahgen, gave to the said hospital the lands which she had on her marriage, from 
her father, in this town, near the lands of John Talra, free from all service ; Wm. brother of Alice, confirms 
the grant ; attested by Wra. Pasmer, bailiff. Wm. de Fortibus, Earl of Albemarle, confirms the above grant 
of Alice; attested by Fulco de Oyry, Peter de Fauconberg, Walter de Scures, Wra. Pasmer, &c. Homo de 
de Holym, gave his whole land in Hedon, with the buildings thereon, situated between tbe lands of Ivo, the 
mariner, and those of Cicily Yokedogge, the said hospital paying fourpence yearly to Stephen Pasmer. Alice, 
daur. of Stephen de Hollam, gave a toft here, then let at 5s. per ann. to the said Stephen, son of Robert de 
de Hollam. Lucy, daur of Richai-d, son of Siward. gave her lands and buildings. Richard German, of Headon, 
by will, bearing date on Friday next after the Conversion of Paul, 1307, leaves 14d. yearly, payable out of the 
house left to his daur, Margaret " 

To the Hospital of St. Leonard, York. — Rotoland de la Torre, gave for the health of his own soul and 
that of his father, an annual rent of 4d. in this place ; tested by Sir Wm. de Readburn Steward.'' 

To the Priory of Bridlington. — ."isheit, son of Walter de Frismarsh, gave all his; land that Hugh, son of 
Fokerman, held in this territory." 

To the Priory of S mine. — Richard Long, of Headon, gave his lands here.' 

To the Priory of A''unkeeling. — John de Preston granted lands and houses in Grape lane, in the town of 
Headon, between the land of Baldwin, the rector, and the land of Simon Dudelin, discharged of all secular 
service, the priory paying 6d. yearly to the Earl of Albemarl, by equal portions, at the time when the farm of 
(ferma) Headon is collected ; attested by Henry St. Martin, of Ottringham, and Peter, the clerk, rector of 
Headon.' 

" Dodsworth's M.S.S. 7 vol. p. 13. Bodleian. '' Rawlinson's M.S.S. Bodleian, No. 1367, p. 184. 

" Rawlinson's M S.S. No. 1367, p. 184. '^ Ibid, No. 1367, p. 184. =■ Burton, 232. ' Ibid, 5, & 253. 
e Copies of Charters, B. C. Lib. v. 1, p. 161. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 157 

To the Hospital of St Sepulcres, near Hedon. — Peter Hogg, burgess of Headon, gave 7 acres and 3 stangs 
of meadow, in his culture called Mikeland, and also a place (placiam) of meadow, situate between the above 
meadow and a close called Longcroft, towards the east. Sir John Meaux, knt. son and heir of Godfrey de 
Meaux gave a close near Headon, called Milncroft, with all its water course (fossatis) and appurtenances." 

To the Abbey of St. Martins, of AlhemarJe, in Normayiili/.—Ste^hexi. Earl of Albemarle, gave a dwelling 
house (hospitem) and free passage over the Humber. 

To the Abbey of Thornton, in the County of Lincoln. — \Vm. le Gross, Earl of Albemarle, gave a toft in 
this place near Sheriff Brigg, in the r2th century. Adam Chamberlain (Camerarius) gave the Mansi'ues (man- 
suras) here.'' 

Churches or Chapels in Hedon. According to Leland there were three parish 
churches, but in his time they were reduced to one, that of St. Augustine. It would, 
from the several references to these churches or chapels, appear there were four, namely, 
St. Nicholas, St. James, St. Mary, and St. Augustine ; and that St. Marys had the right 
of sepulture. Torr, in the account of Preston Church, states, that the Sub Dean of York, 
who was rector of Preston, had in Hedon three chapels, St. Augustine, St. Nicholas, and 
St. James, and jurisdiction over them all. In his account, the chapel of St. Mary is not 
mentioned. The following compotuses of the keepers of the different fabrics, are not 
only in themselves most curious, but will enable the reader to form a judgment as to the 
former existence and nature of these establishments. 

St. Nicholas. — The following translations of accounts are for one whole year, during the 

several reigns of Richard II., Henry VI., and Edward IV. This chapel is mentioned as 

early as 1264, when a license was granted to Alice Falketon, 3 ides of July, to build 

a house in the churchyard of St. Nicholas, therein to lead an anchorite's life." 

HEDON. — Account of Richard Crofts, and * » » Burchand, keepers of the fabric of the chapel of St. 

Nicholas, of Hedon, from the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, in the 8th year uf the reign of Rd. II. 

until the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel in the 9th year of the reign of the same king, Rd. II. one 

entire year. 

Arrears. -phg accountauts charge themselves with £7. 7s. '21d. of the arrears of » • • and Robert Chapman, 

the keepers of the fabric the preceding year. 
ols" "ift'r&c" They also received 35s. rents and farms, belonging to the said chapel, for a year ; and 3s. 6(1. for a 
croft for a year, in the tenure of Stephen Goldman, now in the hands of the accountants. And of 
1 8s. 9d. received in the collections with the box this year. And of 6s. 8d. received in a legacy by 
the will of the vicar of Preston And of 4s. received for a cloak, by the will of lohn Conyngston. 
And of 6d. received for two pieces of wood sold from the bell house. And of fid. received for • • 
sold, and old roofing of the bell house. And for 3d. received for chips sold. And of 2d. received 
for laths sold.— Sum C6s. lOd.— Sum total received with arrears, £10. 14s. |d. 
Ejpenccs.&c.'i'hen the accountants in'diminution, of divers expences for the aforesaid chapel. 

Imprimis, in mending the chalice, 7d. ; in carrying the book, and * * '' |d. ; in clothing the way to 
St. Nicholas, 4s. 2d. ; in boards and nails bought, 2s. ; also in nails bought, Ifijd. ; also in three 

" Dug. Mon. " Abstr. Hold. Rec. B. C. Lib. -^ Burton's M.S. vol. 9, p. 844. 



158 IIEDON. 

boards, bought to lay in the road, '2s ; in thatch or straw bought, 2s 8J. ; in the stipend to the 
carpenter, for making the bell house (companilej, Ss. 4d. ; for 71b of wax bought, and making the 
same into candles, -Is. 4'.d. ; in 3 ells of coarse linen for the high altar, 12d. ; in mending the vest- 
ments and washing them, 121. ; in mending the cross, .5J. ; for one clasp made upon the missal (mass 
book), Id. ; for carriage of 100 boards from Hull unto the Flete, and porterage from the Flete into 
tlie .said chapel, 18d. ; in * • * paid 2d. ; in 100 wainstcoats bought, 27s. ; in a plumber's workman 
upon the said chapel, at tax woik, 4s. ; in » » • bought, 2d. ; in a bell cord bought. Id. ; in the 
payment of the rent to our lord the king, 3s. lOd. ; in payment to the clerk for making this account, 
•Id.— Sum total of expences, 6O3. l^d. ; and so owe £7. 13s. lOfd., of which a deficiency, in tenure 
of Beatrice Chapman, for five years next preceeding and this year, as well as that the said Beatrix 
paid 2d. ; she was not to pay more than 3s, Gd. per ann., charged when occupied 5s. perann. Item, 
received only I8d. for a tenement upon the corner, late in tenure of Katherine Layreholme, in Flesh- 
market gate, which is vacant and unoccupied ; and Jd. for a place called Madergarth, which was part 
of the time unoccupied ; and so o«e £7. 3s. -lid. for which they have to account. 

HEDON.— Account of William Hemynson and William Sewardby, keepers of the fabric of the chapel of St. 
Nicholas the Bishop, from the Fea.st of St. Michael the Archangel, the 1 5th year of the reign of king 
Henry VI. unto the said Feast of St. Michael in the 16lh year of the reign of the same king Henry, for one 
year entire. 

.\rrear3. The accountants acknowledge the sum of £11. 8s. 3d. received of arrears of rents, kc. of the last 
accountants, for the year next preceding, as appears at the foot thereof. Sum, £1 1. 8s. 3d. 

it.-m>, itc. And of 41s. 5d. received of rents belonging to the said chapel, by the year, at the usual terms, as by 
the preceding accounts. And of 4s. 6d. rent of a house in the parish of St. Nicholas, on the south part 
there, late William Kelburn's, given to the mayor and comonalty to the sustaining of the said chapel, 
for which an annual obit is performed on the Sunday next before the feast of the blessed Mary Mag- 
dalene, by the keepers of the fabric of this chapel, for the time being, in the chapel of St. Augustine 
there, with four chaplains and the parish clerk, for the soul of the said William for ever. Sum, 45s. lid. 
And 3s. 4d. received in collecting with the box in the town, on the feast of the Holy innocents this 
year. And of 5s. 10|d. received in collecting with the box aforesaid, in the said chapel on the Sun- 
days in this year,. And of 6s. 8d. received of a legacy of Robert Wynteringham, of this place, this 
year; and of 20d. received of a legacy of Henry Alnewyk, of this place, this year; and of 3s 4d. 
received of a legacy of John fhorkleby, of this place, this year ; and of 20d. of a legacy of Wm. 
West, this year ; and of 4d. of a legacy of John Spoforth, this year ; and of 20d. of a legacy of Rd. 
Couper. this year ; and of 6d. of a legacy of John Haliday, this year ; and of 4s. received in part of 
the sale of a legacy of John ByHet, so sold this year. Sum, 29s. ^d. 

i £6. 6s. 10|. payment of John Woodstock and Hugh Bernard, keepers of the fabric of the chapel of 
St. Augustine, of Hedon * * * by indenture, as in account of the rent, until the feast of St. Michael, 
in the 1 1th year of the reign of the said King Henry, which said money is not able to be got. 
Sum, nothing. — Sum total received, with arrears, £15. 3s. 2Jd. 
' ^f Then the accountants have paid rent to the bailiffs of the town aforesaid per ann. 3s. 1 Od. ; and then 
paid the rent of a tenement in Fleshmarket-gate of the master of the hospital of Neuton, in which 
John Stowe lives, which paid a rent of 4s. per ann. which being vacant and waste for want of repairs, 
not anything was received, therefore the accountants' allowance as above, 4s. And then in defect of 
rent of a tenement in Baxtergate, late of Wm. Lasts, and Beatrix his wife, which is charged at 48. 8d. 
per ann. but being vacant for the before-mentioned causes, the allowance as above 4s. 8d. And then 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 159 

a rent of the heirs of Catherine Laryholme, in Baxtergate, next to a tenement of William Lasey, late 
in tenure of WiUiam Henrison, which is charged 18d. per ann. now let to John Benyngton, for 
8d. per ann. by which a deficiency as above of lOd. ; and in deficiency of rent as above, of a house 
late William Kylburne's, which used to pay 4s. 6d. per ann. being vacant a very long time, only 12d. 
was received for it, therefore the difference as above is 3s. Gd. ; and then a deficiency of rent in a 
tenement in the parish of St. Nicholas, late in the tenure of John Alnewyk, charged 3.s. per ann. 
vacant a very long time, '2s. fid, received, therefore allowance as above, fid. 

Sum, 8s. 8d. 

HKpmses. sc.And in an annual obit made for William Kylburn, this year, I4d. ; and of lOlbs. of wax, bought for 
ardent lights for the aforesaid chapel, and for maaufacturing thereof, at 5^d. per lb. is 4s. 7d. ; and 
of 40 stones of lead, bought of Adam Wyntryngbam, for the use of the said chapel, paid per stone, 
fid. is 20s. ; and for carriage, &c. of wood, the gift of the executors of the will of Thos. Palmer, for 
which paid 7d. ; and in writing this account, with a new rental, Cd. ; and paid at the making new for 
tenements of the said chapel this year, 20d. Sum, 28s. fid. 

Sum of all the allowances 37s. 2d. and so owe £12. 6s. Jd. of which they are allowed 1 3s. 4d. which 
they paid to some Royal Charter ***** mayor and burgesses rents for the place aforesaid, and 
allowed them 2s. in regard to them made for the trouble in this affair " * * anno * * * for 2 
years next preceding, and gave them Ifis. fid. of the above arrears, remaining in the hands of John 
E * • * late keeper there, with Thomas Palmer, deceased, this allowance is that the same John have 
nothing in the goods of which * * * * is not able to allow here; sum of allowances 31s. 9d. which 
deduct ; so owe now £11. 14s 3id. which is in the account of the said William Molescroft and Eobt. 
Halton, the keepers of the fabric of the chapel, in the year next following, and so the particulars are 
here of which he places himself 5Gs this year, for the 13 years next preceding, that is to say, 

4s. per ann. rent of the same tenement in the flesh market gate, belonging to the master of Neuton, in 
which John Belot dwelt, and now stands empty, which said rent it is not possible to get, so 61s. ; 
and this year, and the 12 years nSxt preceding, as per ann. 4s. 8d. rent for a tenement in Baxtergate, 
late in the tenure of William Lasty, and Beatrice, his wife, formerly the wife of John Preston, allowed 
the accountants for the above cause as aforesaid, which money being credited to them, the sum will 
then be 117s. 5d. and so owe clear, 116s. lO^d. ; and then charged in account with William Moles- 
croft and Robert Halton, keepers of the aforesaid chapel the ensuing year, and so quit just. 
Then, in hands of William Henryson. 18s. 2J. ; William Sewardby, £4. 18s. 8d. 

IlEDON.— The account of Thomas Taylor and Robert Berker, keepers of the fabric of the chapel of St. 
Nicholas the Bishop, from the Feast of St. Jlichael the Archangel, in the 9th year of the reign of king 
E. IV. &c. unto the Feast of said St. Michael the Archangel, in the 10th year of the said king E. IV. &c. 
one entire year. 

Arrears. The accouutants charge themselves with £9. 14s. 8d. the arrears of James Dyall and John Hardy, 
the keepers there the year next preceding this, as appears at the foot of their account for that year. 

Sum £9. 14s. 8d. 

"rrra/"'' ^°'^ °^ "^'^^^ ■^'^- received of rents for farms, &c. belonging to the said chapel, at the usual terms per 
ann. as appears in the preceding account. And of fid. rent, issuing yearly at the Feast of the trans- 
lation of St. Nicholas the Bishop, from a messuage of the master of the hospital of Newton, in the 
way to St. Augustine's, late in the tenure of Thomas Bilton. Also of fid. rent, similarly issuing 
from the lord of Rosse, on the market hill there, late in the tenure of Wm. Dene, iiow assigned to 
the master, grammar scholars, and their clerks, as has been before shewn, &c. Sum, 55s. 2d. 



160 IIEDON. 

wuh'ui'o°boi ^°^ °'^ ^O*^- received in collection with the box in the town, in the Feast of the Holy Innocents this 
year. And of 6d. by collection with the box in the Feast of St. Nicholas this year. Of the collec- 
tion on Sundays, they have not received any this year. Sum, 2s. 2d. 

LcgsciM md And 3s. Id. received by the legacy of Alice Wele this year ; and of 8d. received of what remained 
of the broken here, so sold to William Hardy this year ; Ss. 4d. of the legacy of Richard 

Bolton, payable by John Marche his executor, not received, as the said John refuses to pay the said 
money, kc. ; one stone of lead, two stone of ditto, of the gift of Alice Benyngton, as also of another 
stone of lead ; likewise one stone and a half of new received, which remains in the vestibule there. Sic. 
Sura, 4s.— Sum total of all received, with arrears, £12. 16s. 

Jt'iTdu' *^' "liii^li 'lie accountants have paid to the bailiffs to the said town, rents per ann. 3s. lOd. ; and in 
rent paid to the master of the hospital of the holy Sepulchre, joining Hedon aforesaid, for a tenement 
of Eobert Card's, late AVm. Last's, and now in the tenure of Robert Barker. Sum, 4s. 

Dfflciency ^qJ ;„ deficiency of rent of a tenement of the master of Newton in the Fleshmarket-gate, joining a 
tenement of John Sturmy that John Belott held, the rent of which was 4s. per ann. but now being 
empty and vacant nothing received, then accountants free from the above charge, 4s. And in allow- 
ance for the rent of a croft of the said chapel, in tenure of Robert Hardy, which paid 9s. per ann. 
rent, now not able to get more than 7s. ; defect as above, 2s. And then for rent of a tenement, late 
of John Burton of Hull, now of William Eland, which Adam Maupas held at 12d. per ann. upon 
the flete, nothing received ; therefore accountants allowed from the above 12d. And in deficiency of 
rent of a tenement in tenure of John Brown, tailor, which used to let at 4s. 6d. which has now stood 
empty for half a year, and not able to be let for more than 3.s. ; therefore the defect as above, ISd. 
And in deficiency of the rent of a tenement in tenure of Robt. Pils, which is charged 4s. per ann. 
and which is now not able to get more than 3s.; therefore the allowance to the accountants 12d. 
And in defect of rent of a tenement, late John Burton's, of Hull, now Wm. Eland's, in the parish of 
St. Nicholas, which paid 6d. per ann. rent, but which the said William refuses to pay the said 6d. : 
therefore it must be allowed to the accountants. ' Sum. 12s. Gd. 

Annual Obit. And in au annual obit made within the chapel of St. Augustine there, with 4 chaplains and the parish 
clerk, for the soul of William Kelburn, this year, IGd. Sum, IGd. 

In the chapel. And paid for a lock for the vestibule (vestry) 3d. ; for two ticking belts, 2d. ; for a wax candle, with 
a nail bought 4d. ; for a within the choir there, this year, in the whole lid. Sum, 1 Id. 

Foruic -^°d for making a wall in the garden of John Redmar, with this year, 12d. ; and in mending 

liouics. 2 locks there, in gross, 6d. ; and in making 1 hearth in the tenement of Robert Barker, with tiles and 
lime, &c. bought for the same, the stipend of Thomas More, 6d. Sum, 2s. 

In expenses. And paid for writing this account for this year, 4d. ; and paid for writing this account, w^ith a new- 
rent roll, Gd. In expences made in collecting the rents and making this account, as in the preceding 
account, Gd. Sum, 16d. 

W.1X iiehu. And in Gibs, of wax, bought this year for lights for the said chapel, and for making the same, 5s. : 
and in a new torch, bought this year, 4s. Sum, 9s. 

Sum of all the allowances, 31s. Id., and now owe £11. 4s. 1 Id. of which allowed the accountants for 
Robert Hardy, John Couper, and James Dyall, late keepers here, 9|d. ; also allowed them for their 
labour, 7^d., so owe to this £11. 3s. Gd. of which the said accountants paid to Thomas Neleson, now 
one of the keepers of the same fabric, on account 20s., so now owe £10. 3s. Gd. of %vhich allowed 
5s. 7d. which was delivered to Thomas Benson after time, so owe to this £9. 1 7s 1 Id. ; and 25s. 7d. 
paid to Thomas Neleson ; paid to Thomas Neleson, 20s. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. I6l 

One In hand. Ralph Smith, late mayor, as by his bill of arrears, Stc. £9. 8s. -Id. 

John Marche, late mayor, as by his bill ------ <18s. lOd. 

Thomas Neleson, late oue of the keepers of his arrs. 5s. 4d. 

Xpofer, now computant - IGs. 5d. 

St. James. — There are no accounts preserved of the keepers of the fabric of St. James, 
although the existence of that chapel may be learnt in the several previous references to 
it, as well as the various entries in the several compotuses of the 26th and 37th H. VI. 
and also in one of Henry V. 

1403. To the keepers ot the fabric of the chapel of St. James - - - - 4d. 
1447. To the keepers of the fabric of the chapel of St. James - - - - 4d. 
1458. To the keepers of the chapel of St. James, for a plot formerly Wm. 

Wynd's, &c. 4d. 

It is said to have stood in the garden behind the large and handsome house built by the 
late Sir Samuel Standish, and now occupied by Abraham Dunn, Esq. solicitor; the founda- 
tions may yet be traced, and the remains of a cemetery have been frequently discovered. 
St. Mary — -The existence of this chapel, except as a chantry chapel, is certainly 
involved in some obscurity ; there are several grants of land to the chantry chapel in the 
church of St. Augustine, where rents are reserved for its support. The chapel of St. 
Mary is said to have stood on Magdalen Hill ; by others in a field called Low Magdalen 
Field ; nothing now can be traced in these places of any foundations, and it is also stated 
that Tickill, the author of the History of Hull, recollected some part of the foundations 
standing; however this may be, in p. 128, St. Mary's Chapel is alluded to, as well as in 
other instances, but this may have meant only a chantry chapel. In 1505, 10 April, John 
Usflett, of Headon, gave, by will, proved 1 1 June, 1 505, his body to be buried in the church 
of St. Mary of Hedon ; but the word church and chapel is so frequently used in the docu- 
ments inserted in these pages for the same place, as not to be conclusive evidence. The 
two folowing compotuses, in the reigns of Richard II. and Henry IV. certainly relate to a 
chantry chapel, and from Torr's silence, as to any chapel dedicated to St. Mary, induces 
the supposition that it was only a chantry chapel, which has been magnified into a church. 
The Account of Thomas Thorgel, procurator of the chantry of the blessed Mary, of Hedon, from the feast of 
St. Michael, the archangel, in the 18th year of the reign of King Richard the Second, after the Conquest of 
England, unto the same feast in the 19th year of the same King Richard the Second, one entire year. 

The same Thomas acknowledges to have received 26s. of arrears beyond the accounts of the preceding 
year. Sum. 26s. 

Kents,&c. The Same Thomas received £6. 13s. |d. of rents and farms this year, belonging to the said chantry 
per ann. ; and not anything this year for the herbage in the crofts belonging to the said chantry, 
which was rendered into the hands of the said procurator, for repairing the houses of the said 
chantry. Sum, £6. 13s. |d. ; sum total received, £7. 19s. Jd. 

Eipended. Then accounts for paid to the chaplain of the chantry, for a year, £4. 6s. 8d. Item, paid to the bailifis 



162 



HEDON. 



of Hedon for a year, for the king's fee farm, 9s. 4d. Item, paid the heirs of Sir John Meaux, knl. 
for a year, 4d. Item, [)aid to the keepers of St. James's chapel. Hedon, for a year, 2d. Item, paid 
to the keepers of the chapel of St. Nicholas, of Iledon, for a year, 2d. In parchment, bought for 
rental and account writing, 4d. ; in this account writing for 7d. ; in thatch bought, and the carriage, 
12s. 7d. ; in one architect, conducting for 14 days, at 4d. per diem, 4s. 8d. ; to his servant 14 days, 
at 2Jd. per diem, 2s. lid. In * * * white clay bought, and carriage of the same, 4^d. ; in mowing 
in a croft 2d. ; in making the same, Id. ; in carriage of the same Id. ; in mowing in field, 4d. ; in 
mowing the croft next the tilne kiln, 4d. ; in making the hay there, 2d. ; in making of that in the field 
there 3d ; in an architect and his .servant, for one day and half, at task, lid. 

Sum of all the expences and payments, £6. 3|d. and so the accountant owes on that account, 38s. 9d. 
and of which debt in account stiched together is this. 
HEDON. —The account of Thomas Thorgell, procurator of the chantry of the blessed Virgin Mary there, 
from the morrow of St. Michael the Archangel, in the 5th year of the reign of king Henry IV. until the 
morrow of St. Michael the Archangel, in the 6th year of the reign of the aforesaid king Henry, for one 
year entire. 
Arrcan. Accountant acknowledges having £6. 5s. Id. arrears of the last account next preceding this. 

Sum, £6. OS. Id. 
Ki?'"'' ^'"'^ ''^ ^^- '^^- ^'^- ^y ^^'^ preceding account, for rents and farms belonging to the said chantry per 
ann. as appears by the rentall. And of 7s. 7d. collected in the chapel of St. Augustine there, by 
two vicars, at the new table bought for the altar of the blessed Mary there. Sum, £7. 4s. Id. 

Sum total received, with arrears, £13. 9s 2d. 
Tinu"*"'"' Then in rents paid to the bailiffs of the town aforesaid, per ann. 9s. 8d. Also to the keeper of the 
church of St. James per ann. 2d. ; also to the keeper of the church of St. Nicholas per ann. 2d. ; 
Also to John de Routh, clr. per ann. 4d. Sum, 10s. 4d. 

ssiarj. And in the salary of Adam de Skelton, chaplain to the chantry of the said town, per ann. £4. 6s. 8d. 

Sum, £4. 6s. 8d. 
EjpcnsM. And for parchment bought for a new rent roll there, with the writing of the same, 6d. ; and in a 
covering (roof) bought for the repairs of the houses of the said chantry, 9s. ; and for drawing up 
the same, 2s. ; and for the stipend of John Baker roofing upon the said houses for seven days, at 5d. 
per day, in the whole 2s. lid.; and in the wages of one man assisting at the said work, and tempering 
the clay for the rigging there, for seven days, at 3d. per day, is 21d. ; and given to them to drink 2d 
and for a man helping and rigging there, 2d. ; and for clay bought, and carriage of it, 3d. ; and for 
thatch bought for repairs of a house in Grape-lane, 2s. ; and for carriage of the same. Id. ; and for 
the said thatch, 2d. ; and for the wages of two carpenters repairing the said house for two 
days, lOd. per day to them, 20d. ; and for half a wainscot and logs, bought for a window, 4d. ; and 
for nails bought, 4d. ; and for the wages of one man plastering (mud) the walls of the said house 
for two days, 6d. And in 100 and a half of wall tiles (bricks) bought, 9d. ; and for lime and sand 
bought, 5d. ; and for wages paid Adam Watton, tenant of the said tenement, for half a day ; and for 
mowing a little croft on the banks of the Flete, with hay making and carriage thereof, 3d. ; and for 
making a bank (wall) in a little croft, 2d. ; and for ditching in a croft there, 2d. ; and for rent paid 
for a little place of the herbage of the abbey of Melsa, 2d. ; and for one bought of five 

for the blessed Virgin Mary, 733. 4d. ; and for the writing this account, with the parchment bought 
for it, 4d. Sum, £4. 17s. 9d. 

Sum of all the expenses, £9. 143. lOd : so owe 748. 4d. ; of which allowed him 8d. of rent of one 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 153 

teneraeat, late Isabella Sourole; 18d. of rent of a house and so owe 72s. 3d. ; of which 

And a tenement of the master of the hospital at Newton, in Woodraarket gate, 8d. ; of rent of a 
tenement, late William four of late Stephen Bilton's, in Walkergate, 3d. ; 

for rent of a tenement, formerly Peter in 6d. ; rent of a croft joining the clay pits 

rent of a tenement of Robert Justice, '2d. ; and rent of a tenement, formerly Peter in Wood- 

market-gate, 2d. ; rent of a croft, late in tenure of 6d. ; rent of a place, late in tenure of 

the same 6d. ; and of and rent of a croft adjoining Tilekiln and rent of a 

tenement and so owe 62s. 8d. with which he charges himself in his account for the year next 

following. 
St. Augustine's is an appendant to the church of Preston, and in that respect the sub- 
deacon hath jurisdiction. The vicar of Preston is rector of the church or chapel of St. 
Augustine, annexed to his vicarage, for he is instituted to both together." The benefice 
of Hedon is a rectory, and under archiepiscopal jurisdiction, and not subject to the dean 
and chapter ; it has been usually held with the adjoining vicarage of Preston, and been 
presented along with that vicarage, by the sub-dean of York. The presentation has usually 
been as follows : — " To the vicarage of Preston, with the rectory of St. Augustine, in the 
town of Hedon, annexed."'' 

One of the acts so general during the usurpation, is recorded in the following minute, 
relative to this church, 2 Charles II. or during the Commonwealth, at a committee for 
ministers, Feby. 15, 1650, it is set forth that, '-the committee have, the '27th day of March, 
granted yearly the sum of fifty pounds, out of the imp'priate tithe of Burstwick, Skeckling, 
Compart and Ryhill, in the county of York, sequestered from John, Viscount Dunbar, 
papist and delinquent, for increase of the maintenance of such minister as the committee 
should appoint to ofiiciate in the cure of the church of Hedon, in the said county. It is 
ordered that the said fifty pounds a-year be from time to time paid unto Childron Arnold, 
a goodly minister, this day settled in the said church, and the committee of sequestrations 
in the said county, are required to pay the same accordingly, at such times and seasons of 
the year as the same shall grow due and payable, according to the act of parliament, in 
that behalf ; signed Gibb Millington."' 

The two following compotuses will form an interesting introduction to the account of 
the fabric of St. Augustine. The first is as early as 44 E. III. the other in 32 H. VI. 
Account of John Helot and Thomas Pent, keepers of the fabric of the church of St. Augustine, of Hedon, from 
the feast of St. Michael, the Archangel, in the 44th year of the reign of King Edward 111. after the conquest, 
until the same feast in the year following. 

Imprimis, received in account £31. lOs. 4fd. the arrears of the preceding year. Also received .5s. 
collected in the town on St. Stephen's day. Also of 10s. collected in the same church on the day of 
the crucifixion of our lord, (Good Friday.) Also of 20s. received for one • ♦ • AlsoofCs. 4d. 

* Torr's Peculiars, p. 777. '' Communicated by the late Rev. Dr. Wasse, the previous incumbent. 

' Hedon corporation records. 



164 



HEDON. 



collected in the town with the relics, the day of the blessed Mary Magdalene. Also of 'ilg. received 
of one * • • by the legacy in the will of Margaret Clerc. Also of 15s. found in the innocent's box 
at the cross, at the feast of the same innocents. Also of 3s. Cd. found in the box of the blessed Virgin 
Mary, the same day. Also of 56s. 4d. found in the box at the cross, at the feast of the Exaltation 
of the Holy Cross. Also of Is. received from the box of the blessed Mary, the same day, as appears 
by the indenture (account). Also of 58s. collected with the tabla (colkcting box) in the church on all 
the Sundays in the year. Also of Hd. received with the reliques on the day of the E.xaltation of the 
Holy Cross. Also of 2Us. lOd. received * • Also of 8d. received for a qrt. of land, and of 
2d. received for a of lime and sand, and of 2d. received for a piece of parchment Also of 

9d. received of John Ilelot, for lead. Also of 27d. received for 9 Sum, £11. 9s. 2d. 

Sum total, with arrears. £42. 15s. 6|d. 
EipenccE. In expences— Imprimis, paid for 12 ells of linen cloth, for 2 albes, 4s. lOd.; also paid for making 
the same 8d. ; also paid for mending divers vestments 16d. ; also paid for making 4 17d. ; 

also paid for making 3d. ; also paid for parchment bought, 2d. ; also paid for mending 2 

dalmatics, Id. ; also paid for green thread, for mending the same, |d. ; also for 13 skins of parch- 
ment, 18d. ; also paid for clasps and for books, 7d. ; also paid for half a pound of Gd. ; also 
paid for one lock for the font, 3d. ; also paid for 2 stoles bought 7d. ; also paid to John for 
mending a south window ; also paid for woollen cloth, for 8d. Sura of this 12s. ll^d. 
Also paid to 2 men, for preparing earth to wall churchyard, for 2 days, 18d. ; also paid to two men, 
for making the same wall, for 4 days, 3s ; also paid to one man, for his labour about the wall, for 3 
days, 13Jd. taken at task at I31d. Sum of this, 7s. lOd. 
Also paid for one also paid to John for working round the church for 7 days, 28d. ; 
also paid to John also paid to a carpenter, for one day, putting to rights the altar, 3d. and 
for 3d. ; also paid for 1200 lead nails, 4s. 2d. ; also paid for 130 middle spike nails, 7|d. ; 
also paid for great spikes, 2d. ; also paid for 33 thatch boards, 2s. 6d. ; also paid to 2 plumbers, for 
work, with solder, and 27 stone of lead, 36s. 9d. taken at 10s. the fodder. Sum, 49s. ^d. 
Also paid for I pax board, 5d. ; also paid to 2 men lolbs. lead from 23d. ; 
also paid to 2 plumbers 4 upon the altar of the blessed Virgin Mary, 4d. ; also paid for 
2 spikes, 3d ; also paid for 45 stone 71bs. of lead, 30s. 4d. price 8d. per stone; also paid for making 
a canopy hanging over the altar, 3d. ; also paid for for the same, IJd. ; also paid for 6 ells 
of coarse linen cloth 23d ; also paid for dyeing the same for one 1 2d. ; also paid for two rafts bought 
at Hull, for and making, 2s. ; also paid for 100 wainscotes boards, 19s. ; also for porterage 
to the water, S^d. ; also to John Blithe, for his carriage of the said planks, 4d ; also for 
the carrying of them to the church, 2d. ; also paid to 2 rakers or weeders, one day, 6d., 
(sawyers, sarritor is a weeder or harrower, serrarius is a sawyer ; the word in the account is, sarrator, 
further, saitor is a tailor) ; also paid for their provissions for the same day, 5d. ; also paid for 4 ties, 
(or small rafters) to put over 5d. ; also paid one washer for woolen surplices, and others for 
a year, for the said church, for the feast of Easter next aforesaid, Cd. : and paid to the clerk for 
writing, 6d, Sum, £3. 7d. 
Sum total of expences, £6. 10. 4d. and so owe clear, £36. 5s. 2^. 
HEDON.— Account of William Billon and John Sturmy, keepers of the fabric of the chapel of St. Augus- 
tine's, in Hedon, from the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, in the 32nd year of the reign of king 
Henry VI. until the Feast of the same St. Michael in the 33rd year of the same king Henry, one entire 
year. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 165 

Amm. Accountants acknowledge the receipt of 24s. 8d. the arrears of the said William Bilton and Robert 
Benyngholm, the keepers of the same fabric, for the year next preceding this, as appears at the foot 
of their account. Sum, 24s. 3d. 

ara"""'' ^^'^ of "^'t'^- received of the rents and farms belonging to the said chapel, as appears by the preceding 

account. Sum, 104s. 

^'*g-jJ/'°'' And of 6s. 8d. received a gift of the wife of John Barker, of Hull, this year; and of 10s. received 
wiui sales, ^f jj^^ ygjyg qC a counter table, the legacy of Margaret Burton, sold to John Poller this year; and of 
6s. 8d. of John Poller, towards a table bought to the altar of St. Egidius, within the said chapel, 
this year ; and of 53s 4d. the gift of Alice Baty this year ; and of 2s. received of a gift from AVm. 
Bolton, chaplain, this year. Sum, £4. 2s. 

'fo°rTJnrng' ^^'^ of 2s. received of divers persons for tolling the great bell, viz. for the obits, of Robert Baty, 
the great i>eii.j5j^ti,j,,.ijjg BpUon^ Robert Cromwell, and others, this year. Sum, 2s. 

Coiections. And of 5s. received in collecting with the box, in the Feast of St. Stephen's, this year ; and of 4s. 2 J. 
received in collecting with the relics, in the Feast of the Circumcision of our Lord, within the said 
chapel this year ; and of 6s. 4d. received with the aforesaid relics, in the Feast of the blessed Mary 
Magdalen, as well in the town as in the market this year ; and of 4s. 4d. received by oblation, at the 
oblation to the cross in the said chapel, discovered at the naked trunk of the morrow of the exalta- 
tion of the said holy cross, for two parts of the same oblation of the lights of the said holy cross 
this year, the third part belonging to the vicar there; and of I8d. received of the money of the 
oblation ; and of 44s. 9^i. received in collecting with the box in the said chapel, on the Sundays in 
this year, as appears by the bill upon this account, seen and examined. Sum, 66s. Hd. 

Receipu. And of 6s. deb. for a debt of Robt. Thorgell, for two tenements in Ba.xtergate, late John Dandson's 
there, nor of 6s. Sd. owing by the said Robert of the gift of John Garton, of Hull, these accountants 
have not received, nor yet have Ihey been paid ; and of 38s. received of Wm. Lange, procurator of 
the chantry of the blessed Mary the Virgin, by the hands of John F.llwyn, paid expressly to buy and 
pay the difierence in the exchange of two httle chalices belonging to the high altar of the chapel of 
St. Augustine, in the town of Hedon, for two other chalices bought of Edward Clough, goldsmith, 
of Lincoln, this year ; and of 2s. 2d. received of the procurator of St. Anthony, the half of a price 
of a pig so sold this year. Sum, 40s. 2d. 

Sum total of receipts, with arrears, £15. 18s. 61d. 
feV^l'^"' Whereof paid off in rents to the bailifls of the town aforesaid, for a tenement late Stephen Burton's, 
now John Barber's, per ann. 6d. ; and to the same baihlFs, for a tenement, late Wm. Clerk's, in 
Westgate, per ann. 14d. ; and to the same bailiffs, for a tenement late Joseph Wynestede, in the way 
to St. Augustine's, on the eastern part of the same way, which is now in the hands of John Baker, 
at 3s. per ann. ; and to the chamberlain of the same town, for a tenement late of the said Stephen 
Burton, per ann. in the preceding account, 2s. ; and to the same chamberlain, for a certain house late 
Simon Layrholm's, in Westgate, per ana. 19d.; and to the same chamberlain, for a certain nai row 
lane, called Kembald-lane, per ann. 3d. ; and to the procurator (steward) of ibe chantry of the bles- 
sed Virgin, per ann. for a tenement late of Stephen de Burton, in the foregoing account 22d. ; and to 
the same procurator, a tenement late John Routb's, knight, in Baxtergate, per ann. 8d. ; and for rent 
paid to John Routh, Esq. for a windmill belonging to the said chapel, per ann. 16d. ; and to the 
keepers of the fabric of the chapel of St. James the Apostle, for half a pound of wax for the said 
mill, 2|d. Sum, 1 2s. ejd. 

R^;^™'^J°'And in deficiency of a farm of the tenement of the master of the hospital of Neuton, formerly Willm. 
Farms. Megotson, in Woodmarket-gate, and now in the tenure of John Thorp, chaplain, for which was paid 



166 



4d. per ann. rent, and which is so out of repair that nothing can be got for the same, therefore accoun- 
tants are allowed 4d. and in defect of occupation of a tenement of the heirs of Eobert Holme, in 
Woodmarket-gate, formerly Roderick Shyphyrd, which paid Id. per ann., but which is so decayed 
and out of repair, that accountants were not able to get any rent for it, therefore are allowed 4d, ; and 
for want of occupation of a tenement of Peter Rihyll, upon the corner in the way to St. Augustine's, 
in which William Ryhill, the father lately d.velt, which paid 2s. per ann. rent, and another tenement 
upon the corner in West-gate, in tenure of Alice Taylour, which paid rent per ann. 18d., and which 
other hath been burnt down, and which as yet hath not been rebuilt, therefore allowed as above 
3s. 6d. ; and in defect of occupation of a house late Simon Layrholm in West-gate, aforesaid, late in 
tenure of Wm. Curtas, now in tenure of Thos. Mane, wliichpaid 4s. per ann. rent, nothing then hath 
been received for the said house of the said Thomas this year, as nothing yet due, the said Thomas 
having taken a lease of the said hou=c, i .r a term of 80 years, from the feast of Michaelmas last, there- 
fore allowed as above 4s. ; and in default of occupation of a messuage of the heirs of Wm. Alnewyk, 
tanner (Barker) in the way to the Butcher market, late in the tenure of WilUam Molescroft, in which 
John Hobson lives, which was rented at 5s. per ann. but which being ruinous and out of repair, 
nothing has been able to be got this year, therefore they are allowed as above 5s. ; and in default of 
occupation of a croft of herbage in West-gate, late William Clerk, which paid 5s. per ann. rent, but 
no more could be got for it than for a part of the year, 2s. 1 Id. therefore the deficiency to be allowed 
as above, 2s. Id. ; and in defect of occupation of a tenement upon the Market-hill, late in the occupa- 
tion of Peter Atte Marre, which is charged 12d. per ann. but wliich being now vacant for want of a 
tenant, this year nothing has been received then the allowance to them as above, 12d. ; and in defect 
of a tenant for a chamber on the west side over the schools, with a little garden adjacent thereto, 
which paid 83, per annum rent, nothing has been received for the chamber, and but for the garden 2d. 
and as the masters and scholars rent another chamber in the east, the said keepers have granted to 
them the aforesaid western chamber, by the mayor and burgesses, for the term that the mayor con- 
tinues in office, therefore the allowance to them is 2s. lOd. ; and in defect for a tenant for a tenement 
late John Routh, knight, and formerly of William Megotsom, in tenure of William Snell, in Baxter- 
gate, which formerly paid 3s. 4d. per ann. rent, which is now let to the said William forSd. per ann. 
for the term of 20 years, he being to overlook, repair, and keep in repair, the said tenement, this being 
the 1st year thereof, the accountants allowed as above, 2s. 8d. ; and in defect of rent of a windmill, 
late Wm. Dale's, and which charged 26s. 8d. per ann. and which they were not able to get for more 
than half a year. Sum, 35s. 8d. 

And for I Is. paid for wax bought, as well as for lights in the high choir of the blessed Virgin Mary, 
and a certain part of 6s. 6d. in the whole 17s. 6d. ; and in 31b. of wax bought in betyng 

candles this year from Peter Parker, 18d. ; and in paid for 2d. ; and paid the son of Thos. 

Barbor, for making the same wax into wax candles, and for making the old wax of the said chapel 
into wax and betyng candles 3s. 4d. ; and for six gallons of oil, bought for the lamps hang- 

ing before the body of Jesus Christ, in the choir of the said chapel of St. Augustine, and paid for 
the bearing it up, together 5s. 2d. Sum, 27s. 8d. 

And paid expences of obits, of Simon Maupas, 14d. ; John Burton, I4d. tanner, and of Margaret his 
wife, as well as Stephen, the son of the said John and Margaret, 14d. ; as also of John Fleshewer, 
14d. and Wm. Dales, 14d. this year, in the whole 5s. lOd. ; and in the obit, of John Robson, for the 
term of twenty years, this being the fourteenth ; and the obit, of 14d. ; for which as appears 

over this head, in the whole, 3s. ; and in the obit, of Margaret Burton, made this year, 22d. 

Sum, 10s. 8d. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 167 

And for mending the vestments of the said chapel with one cloth bought for the same this year, 'l|d 
and for a cord bought for hanging the lamps in the choir of the said chapel this year, 2d. ; and in 
basses of flags, bought for the parishioners to place in the stalls within the said chapel, 6d. ; and for 

3 qrts. of lime burnt, and of 2 qrts. of sand, 8d. bought for a window in the south gable of the same 
chapel this year, and John Fryeston repairing and covering the said window of the said chapel, with 
a roof and tiles, for three days and a half, and of John Rypon 14d. for helping him, in the whole 
7s, 3id. ; and in the stipend of Robert Mason, mending the lamp of the high altar, broken, 5d. ; and 
paid the same Robert, for mending the window of the said chapel this year, 14d. ; and paid to John 
Sler helping, and to the servant of the said Robert, in the said work, at time, for one day. 4d. ; and 
paid for the of the bells, and for repairing clappers of the bells this year, 2s. ; and for the 
removal of the new 6d. ; and paid to and John Seward for the Strylinge del Scafalds 
within the high altar and paid for 18 wainscots bought of John Porter, for the seats or forms 
within the choir of the said chapel. 7s. 9d. ; and for 200 nails, and other nails, 15^d. and the 
stipend of Peter Wile, 6s. 8d., John Wale, and Robert Esthorpe, carpenter, repairing in the 
whole, 17s. ejd.; and for 7 wainscots, 3s. 3d. bought of Henry Balyfe, for doo:s, as well on the 
north side as on the south, with the stipends, 8s. of Robert Balyf, carpenter, repairing and working 
the said door, this year, 3s. 3d. ; also for rosin and grease, bought for them, in the whole 1 Is. 6d. ; 
and working upon the door joining the of the Holy Trinity, in the said chapel, for 

4 ('ays, at time, 2s. ; and for 4 for the said door this year, 3s. 3d. ; and for 4 stones of iron, 
bought for iron bands (hinges) then had fur the said door, and I gudgeon this year, 2s. 8d. ; 
and for one stone of iron for the ties, (hinges) for the north door of the said chapel (church) this year, 
8d. ; and for paid to John Smyth, workyng at the said iron for 2 days, I2d. ; and for a lock, bought 
for the door of the vestibule, (vestry) this year, 6d. ; and for 1 qrt. 4 lb. of burnt chalk (lime) 
bought, 2s. ; and for the drawing the same in the said chapel, as also the stipend of Thomas 
Mane, 2s. 8d. and his family in the whole 4s. 1 Id. ; and lo the same Thomas Mane and his 
family, for cleaning the walls 12d. ; and for 1 qrt. of burnt lime, 3 qrts. of sanj, 2 p. of 
coals bought for this year, in the whole 3s. lOd. ; and for the clerk writing this 
account, with a new rental this year, 12d. ; and for paid to William for repairing divers 
defects in the leads in the north side of the said chapel (church) this year and paid 
to the same Wilham, for the same work upon the vestibule, one with 200 bought for the 
said work this year and for for a lamp hanging within the choir of the said chapel, 
this year. 6d. ; and paid for cleaning, 6d. ; 2 of the said chapel, by John Daker, as 
well as washing the surplice, 15d. dalmatica, and other vestments of the said chapel this year 

and for the bells within the belfry of the said chapel, this year, 2d. ; and paid to Peter 

Carter, the keeper of for the said chapel this year, 4d. Sum. £4. 9s^ id. 

And paid in exchange with Edward Clough, goldsmith, of Lincoln, for two other chalices to the 
high altar of the said chapel, for the two ancient chalices then in use there this year, £4. 16d. 

Sum, £4. 16d. 
And paid to John Benyngton and John Poller, the succeeding keepers of the fabric of the aforesaid, 
by the hands of the said William Bilton, this accountant, a subscription (donation) for the cups made 
at Lincoln after the time of ending this account, 1 3s. 4d. 

Sum of all the allowances and payments, £13. lOs. 3d. ; and debtors, 48s. 3id. ; and in account with 
Robert Seamen and John Poller, keepers of the fabric of the aforesaid chapel, for the year next fol- 
lowing. And so the accountants are quit. 

VOL. n. . 



168 HEDON. 

In the hands of Eichard Willerdhy and Wm. Cha keepers, the debt due by John Burry, 

bellmaker, for metal, 6s. 9d. In the hands of the said Richard and WilUam, in part of 14 
late of the legacy of Thomas Martyn, who say. that they have paid to Thomas Benyngton, John 
Poller, and their associates, riding near to London to speak with the Lord Duke of Buckingham, for 
the matter of defence against Thomas Burn. Also, in the hands of John EUerton, John Marche, 
John Smyth, and Kobert Brygham, collections of divers donations to make a west window to the 
said chapel (church), for two years nest preceding this, as appears by the names in the roll of sub- 
scribers aforesaid. 12s. Id. The sum in the hands aforesaid, 58s. lOd. 
So exceed 10s. 6|d. which is owing to the aforesaid William Bilton." 
TestAMF.ntahy Bluials.— 28th Aug. 1391.— John Frankys, w. p. 5th Jan. in ihechurch. 20th .Ian. 1392. 
— Rt. Atleball, w. p. 5th Feb. 7th April, 1397.— Thos. Mody, a burgessher, w. p. 10th May. 10th April, 
1411.— Rd. Newbald, w.p. 28th May. 20th April, 1438— Wra. Lasey, w. p. 16th July. 10th Nov. 1447.— 
Wm. Mirflete, w.p. I8lh Jan. 22nd Feb. 1447.— Agnes, wife of Wm. Mirflete, w.p 11th April, 1448. 
15th Jan. 1448— Rt. Crumwell, w.p. 23rd April, 1450. 20th Feb. 1455.— Jno. Trafford, vicar of Preston, 
w.p. 3rd May. 12lh Aug. 1479.— John Johnson, mayor, w p 1st Oct. 10th March, 1 480. — Wm. Crum- 
well, w. p. lOlh May, 1487. 10th June, 1491. — Thos. Clarke, vicar of Preston, w. p. 27th Jan. 1492. 20th 
Jan. 1540.— Walter Clyfton Gysle, in Holland, w. p. 27th July, 1541. 20th Jan. 1558.— Stephen Harrison, 
w. p. 21st Marcli. 19th July, 1560.— Wm. Smith, gent. w. p 1st Oct. 21st Oct. 1616.— Christr. Jobson, 
w. p. 20th Jan. 

The following inscription was written on a tombstone erected in the churchyard of this parish : — Here lies 
the body of Wm Shutton, of I'atrington, buried 18th Vny. 1744, aged 97 years; who had by his first wife 
28 children, by his second 17. He was own father to 45, grandfather to 86, great-grandtather to 97, and 
great-great-grandfather to 23 ; in all, 251. 

The Fabric is in the form of a cross, and consists of a nave and aisles, a chancel, with 
a vestry on its south side, north and south transepts, and a tower at the intersection. 
Ulterior. — The north aisle of the nave has four buttresses, which form five divisions, 
with double buttresses at the angles with only one set off, terminating in angular caps 
under the parapet of the aisle, each having a large gargoyle ; and a neat basement mould- 
ing runs round the whole. Three pointed windows have a series of plain quatrefoils, 
each with a slender shaft at the side. A pointed arched doorway, the interior of the arch 
trefoiled, surmounted by a pedimental crocketed canopy, above which is a lozenge-shaped 
window, with four quatrefoils. In the remaining division, to the west, is another pointed 
window, with decorated flowing tracery, of a different design to the others. These 
windows rest on a neat tablet, and are each of three lights, with a dripstone. The clere- 
story exhibits five small pointed windows, each of two lights, cinquefoiled, and a quatre- 
foil in the arch, and each having a dripstone ; the clerestory terminates in a neat battle- 
ment. The south aisle and clerestory present a similar appearance, with the exception of 
its doorway, which is now deprived of its canopy ; this, as well as the doorway in the 
north side, is walled up. PVest end of nave. — The window has double buttresses at th-e 
angles, and two others at the end of the nave, with one set off, with a continuation of the 
* The foregoing documents are translated from the o. igs. which are, in many instances, much worn and mutilated. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 169 

basement moulding ; and each is ornamented with a trefoiled crocketed niche for statues ; 
they terminate in crocketed angular caps, with gargoyles. In the centre is a fine door- 
way, not now used ; it is pointed, the arch mouldings springing from shafts with foliated 
capitals. Over the arch is a crocketed pediment ; on each side a small enriched buttress. 
Above the doorway is the tablet, which supports a large pointed arched window, of per- 
pendicular character, of five lights, with a transom. The lights are cinquefoiled under 
the transom ; above, the muUions are nev.', and simply cross each other without any 
feathering. There is a pointed window at the end of the aisles, each of two lights, with 
decorated tracery in the head, and dripstone terminating in heads. The north end of the 
nave has battlements ; the west end of the aisles a plain parapet. Tlie north transept and 
chancel exhibit a fine specimen of " early English" architecture. The transept has a 
broad flat buttress at the angles, with three others on the west side. The north face is 
divided into three parts by string courses ; in the lower is a fine pointed doorway, with 
deep receding arch mouldings, resting on columns with plain caps and bases, and orna- 
mented with the peculiar decoration used in works of the period. Above the door are 
two ranges of three lancet windows, with slender shafts at their sides, also similarly 
decorated. The finish is a plain battlement. There are four lancet windows of the same 
character on the west side of the transept ; on the east little more than a bare wall, with 
indications of communication to a chantry, or aisle to the transept. South transept. — 
The west side of this transept corresponds with the north, and has had a like chantry or 
side aisle on the east, and has the same appearance. The south face has been similar to 
the face of the transept, excepting a large pointed perpendicular window has been sub- 
stituted for the earlier lancets ; it rests on a tablet adorned with heads and flowers, having 
five lights with a transom ; the lights cinquefoiled under and above the transom, the tra- 
cery being new and without feathering ; a dripstone surrounds the arch, with coi-bel 
heads. Under the window, but not in the centre of the face, is a large semicircular- 
headed doorway, the arch springing from columns with foliated capitals, and approached 
by three steps. This transept has no battlement ; it rises to an apex, surmounted by a 
modern pinnacled cross. Plain modern pinnacles are also the finish to the flat corner 
buttresses. A dial is placed on one buttress ; and the other two openings giving light to 
a turret staircase in the interior. One of the lancet windows in the south-west transept 
is blocked up. The nave opens to the transepts by eight arches, the side ones more 
lancet-shaped than the others. The chancel, on the north side, has a heavy buttress at 
the west corner, of six set ofl's, finishing under the cornice, and three flat ones with angular 
caps. There are two string courses, and three beautiful lancet windows, with shafts at 
their sides, dripstones, and ornaments same as transept ; they have blank quatrefoil 
pannels at the sides. Above them are three other similar lancet windows, blocked up, 

2 a2 



170 



with a range of blank arches. The finish of the chancel is a cornice and battlement, like 
the rest. The east end of the chancel has common buttresses at the angles, and has a 
battlement, with a large perpendicular window of five lights ; and is like others already- 
described, and stands on a tablet, &c. as south window in the transept. The south side 
is nearly a bare wall ; part of a pier is seen buried in the wall, and is considered to have 
been, from its indications, the chantry of St. Mary, which was attached to this part 
of the building. The exterior walls of the east end of this chantry, together with the 
exterior wall of the remaining portion of the chancel, are concealed in the interior of a 
comparatively modern vestry, which is attached to the south-east corner, which has two 
large square-headed windows, divided into two compartments by a broad transom. On 
the west side of the vestry is a lancet window, formerly the east window of the chantry. 
Two blocked up lancets are seen above the roof of the vestry. The vestry is battlemented, 
and built perhaps during the reign of Henry VIII. The tower rises at the intersection 
of the nave and transepts, is lofty, and well proportioned. It has double buttresses at 
the angles, and another in the centre of each face, running up and terminating in crocketed 
pinnacles. In each face are four large pointed perpendicular windows, of three lights, 
cinquefoiled ; the two uppermost are the belfry windows ; the two below are blocked up, 
destroying the beauty of the design, which was to give a light and elegant appearance to 
a very beautiful tower, now rendered heavy to the eye. It has a handsome pierced 
parapet. The dial of the clock is placed in the east fiice. 

Interior. — The nave has four clustered 
columns with plain capitals, and five arches, 
having dripstones with corbel heads ; be- 
tween each are small shields of arms, 
lately placed there. The clerestory win- 
dows are over the points of the arches. 

The nave is ceiled ; the aisles open to the 

rafters. At the east end is a small gallery ; 

at the west a large one, with a handsome 

organ. It is neatly pewed ; the pulpit 

affixed to the north-east pier. There are 

three massive brass chandeliers ; a large 

polygonal granite font under the west gal- 
lery, each face sculptured with quatrefoils, 

and other ornaments of roses, shields, 

heads, &e. The canopy harmonizes well with the font, which has a plain shaft.^ The 
" The royal arms are placed in front of this gallery, sculptured, and gilded. 




MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 171 

chancel is separated from the transepts by a neat oak screen, of perpendicular tracery. 
Under the east window is a large altar-piece, containing the Belief, Lord's Prayer, and 
the Commandments ; the space within the altar-rails is elevated. On the south side is 
a noble clustered column, partly buried in the wall, with two large pointed arches, which 
were formerly open to the chantry of St. Mary. A very fine lancet doorway opens into the 
vestry. There have been three or four sedillia, with the shark's or tooth ornament, but 
they appear to have been removed when the doorway was formed ; there is still a hand- 
some one remaining. On the other side the door is a plain trefoiled water drain, and 
two small shields, charged between three garbes (Wasse) ; the other a ship, the arms of 
the town. On the north and south sides of the chancel is a triforium, each side containing 
six arches, with a clustered column between each. Two lancet windows are blocked in 
the south, and two larger ones beneath them ; the exterior of the latter are seen in the 
vestry. The triforium was continued round the east end before the large window was 
inserted. On the north side are also three sedillias, separated by slender columns. There 
are indications of an archway blocked up on each side the west end of the chancel, which 
have opened into the side aisles of the transept. Originally there were seven arches in 
the triforium on each side, but the seventh, next the tower, is blocked up ; they then com- 
municated with the triforium in the transepts. The vestry, as already described, is entered 
by the doorway made through the massive south wall. The remains of the south side of 
the chancel, and the east side of the chantry, here seen, are richer than any other part of 
the building.^ The floor is of brick ; the roof open to the rafters. On the floor is a 
mutilated effigy of a man, in free stone, which was formerly in the churchyard ; his hands 
are clasped in prayer ; apparently his costume is civic, with, appears to be, the remains of 
a sword by his side. 

Transepts. — The south has, on its east side, two large pointed archways, with a massive 
clustered column, partly buried in the wall, which were once open to a side aisle or 
chantry. The triforium, on the east and west sides of the transept, consist of five arches, 
the same as in the chancel. The fifth arch, next the tower, blocked up ; and on the cast 
side, on a triforium, is the mark of a small door that has opened upon the roof of the aisle 
or chantry. The triforia at the south end were removed to make way for the large south 
window. There is a turret staircase, in the south-west corner, to ascend to the triforia, 

^ On one side is a board with this inscription: — The accommodation in this church was enlarged, and a 
gallery built therein, 1829, by which means 350 additional sittings were obtained; and in consequence of a 
grant from the incorporated society for the enlarging, building, and repairing of churches and chapels, 188 of 
that number are hereby declared to be free and unappropriated for ever, in addition to 30 formerly provided. 
Rev. Wm. Wasse, L L D. rector ; James Fenwick, Thos. Mackreth, churchwardens. A rood loft was once in 
the chancel, immediately before the present altar. The chancel is furnished with benches, and used for a 
Sunday school. 



17'2 HEDON. 

and also to the roof. On the east side of the south door is a tali niche, with an ogee drip- 
stone, and a pedestal for a statue. The north transept has also to similar archways on its 
east side, separated by a massive circular pier, with a plain capital, which were once open 
to a corresponding aisle, and which appear to have had a groined roof. There is a trifo- 
rium on the east, west, and north sides of the transept, as in the north, with a gallery 
below, on the west and north, which is approached by a small door and staircase in the 
west wall. On the west wall is a niche and pedestal for a statue ; and a modern one on 
the opposite side. 

The Tower is supported by four massive piers, of a different form from the rest, being 
straight sided ; the arch is very loft}'. The north transept is open to the rafters. In 
front of the small gallery, or screen of the nave, in the transept, is an old royal arms ; 
also a clock, and a modern series of small coats of arms of some of the residents in the place. 

Having thus described this very fine building, the pride of Holderness, a few additional 
remarks may not be considered unnecessary. The height of the tower, to the summit of 
the pinnacles, 43 yards ; square of tower, taking in the walls, 47 fl. 4 in. ; height of tran- 
septs (outside) 48 ft. ; length of chancel, 53 ft. 9 in., width, 28 ft. 9 in. ; space occupied 
by the altar, 17 ft. by 14 ft. 8 in. ; vestry, 16 ft. by 1.5 ft; extreme north to south, 
103 ft. 2 in. ; extreme east to west, 164 ft. 6 in. ; nave, length, 84 ft. 8 in., width, 48 fit. 
8 in. ; width of north and south aisles, 12 ft. 3 in. The gallery remaining in the transepts, 
as well as the chancel, has once run round the nave, the arches of which have been 
enlarged, which may be seen in the north and south aisles of the nave, where the fragments 
of the original arch still remain, and appear to be of the same style and dimensions of those 
in the transepts. The large window of the south transept, as well as the last window in 
the chancel, are modern, compared to the north transept, and their insertion has spoiled 
the triforium, which appears to have had an uninterrupted course round the church, 
approached by a staircase from the north and south transept. The arches, also, of the 
triforium next to, and on each side the steeple, have been walled up, apparently, to form a 
foundation whereon to build the present tower, evidently built since the transepts. The 
doors leading into the transepts are now the only ones used. There is a small one in the 
north-west corner of the chancel, and another in the north-east corner of the north aisle, 
connected with the staircase of the tower. The west end has a neglected appearance, 
having neither wall, railing, nor any other defence. The fabric is built of freestone, 
except where the chantries stood, which is unfinished stone, and the battlements are princi- 
pally of brick. There is some stained glass in the windows, but it is all modern ; the ivy 
leaf is conspicuous. From this minute account it will be seen, that the building is of three 
diflerent periods, first — the chancel and transepts, early English ; second — the nave, 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 

decorated English; third— the tower, and additions to the nave, perpendicular 

the vestry is an addition of a later period. It is 

situated near the centre of the town, at the back 

of the principal street, on rather elevated ground ; 

the churchyard is on the south side, bounded by 

a wall and a row of stately and venerable elms ; 

the other sides are open to the cattle market hill. 

The church will contain 750 persons ; net value, _^ 

£45. The vicarage closely abutts on the church, |. 

on the north-west ; it is a modern cottage erected 

on the site of the old vicarage at a cost of £177. ^^-d:^ 

17s. 3d. to the late rector. Dr. Wasse. it- h s 

MoNCMENTS. — In the transepts are several floor and mural monuments One of them appears 
it is of blue granite, 6 feet 7 inches long, with an ornamental cross bculptmed m relief on i s I ] 



173 

Enfflish : 





\s ancient 
Iheie are 



two or three other old stones, with the marks of having had brasses. Around a floor stone, in Roman capital: 
— Here lieth the body of Mrs. Ann, the wife of Richard Wilson, sheriff, and now alderman, of Kingston 
upon-Hull; she departed this life the 20th day of April, 1G63, aged 72. Here lyeth the body of Mr. Pen 
nock Ward, attorney-at-law, and town clerk of the corporation of Headon, who departed this life March 26, 
1754, aged 49 years. The Rev. John Tickell, died 6th June, 1823, aged 78 years. Also Elizabeth his wife^ 
died 6th Dec. 1820, aged 76 years. 

In the nave— Michael Tennyson, ob. 6th Oct. 1796, cet. 75. Eliz. Tennyson, ob. 6th Jan. 1755, oet. 28 
Eliz. daughter of Nicholas Booker, alderman of this corporation of Iledon, and late wife to Mr. Wm. Baines, 
alderman, died March 24, 1674 Also, her two daughters, Elizabeth and Ann. Mrs. F.liz, Booker, late wife 
of Mr. Nicholas Booker, major of Ileddon, buried Dec. 28, 1680. Also, Mr. Nicholas Booker, late alder 
and four times major of this corporation, died Sept. 19, 1693, set. 61. Mr. John Pudsey, aid. of this corpo- 
ration, died 11th April, 1760, £et. 73. 

In the north transept is the best of the marble mural monuments— Near this place lieth interred the bod) 
of Ann Watson, late of Stoneferry, in the [larish of Sutton, and county of York, who, by her last will 
ordered a monument to be erected in memory of her father, mother, and herself, together with her dear hus 
band, Abraham Watson. She bequeathed her whole estate at Stoneferry aforesaid to charitable uses ; and 
appointed the minister of St. Trinity's, in Kingston-iipon-Hull, the minister of Headon, and the minister and 
churchwardens of Sutton, to see the same duly applied. She was buried the 28th of May, 1721. 



174 HEDON. 

In the south transept, on a black marble mural monument — Margaret, relict of Christr. Wormley, Dec. 4, 
1777, £Et. 08. Also, RosamonJ, her sister, wife of Rev. John Clark, D.D. who's here deposited. They were 
daughters of Wm. Ashmore, Esq. alderman of Kingston-upon-Hull ; granddaughters to Laurence Cockrell, 
Esq. alderman of this corporation ; co-heiress to John, son of Laurence, who, with Ann his wife, the said 
John, and several of their children, here resteth. — Quarterly; 1st and 4th, sable; 2nd and 3rd, or. a fleur 
de lis in the first, or. 

Murals in south transept — Sacred to the memory of Robt. Clifford, Esq. surgeon, one of the aid. of the 
corporation of Hedon, who died at Patrington 29th Nov. 1829, set. 61 years. Sacred to the mem. of a beloved 
parent, and an infant son, Nov. 1838. Martha, wife of Henry Waterland, of Hedon, gent. ob. Feb. 19, 1741, 
jet. 62. Henry Waterland, son of Rev. Henry W. rector of Walesby, Lincolnshire, and brother of the Rev. 
Dr. Daniel Waterland, eminently distinguished for his pious and learned vindication of the divinity of our 
adoreable Saviour. He married Martha, dtr. of Wra. Baines, Esq. aid. of this town. Died 20th September, 
1766, set. 93. 

Churchyard Monuments. — A table, surrounded by railing, to Carrick Watson ; died Aug. 31, 1805, aet. 46. 
Another — John Simpson, of Great Driffield, late merchant of Hull, died Jan. 11, 1835, set. 57 ; and Chas. 
Harper Simpson, merchant of Hull, son of John and Sarah Simpson, died April 14, 1833, set. 30. On a sin- 
gular shaped table is a small brass engraved, but nearly effaced — To Johannes Mackereth Paguloe, vicar * * 
curatus Mor. ob. mdccixi. E. L xlvi. See. 

The names of the benefactors of the Corporation of Hedon, on three large boards in 
the north transept. 

Mr. Henry Gvg, of Tring, in the county of Hertford, Esq. was made a free burgess of this corporation on 
the 2nd of .-Vugust, 1669, and was chosen burgess of Parliament for this town on the 8th day of March follow- 
ing. He then gave £20. a-year to this corporation for ever, to be thus disposed of:— to the mayor for the 
time being, five pounds ; to the minister of the church of St. Augustine, three pounds ; to be disposed of by 
the mayor and aldermen of this town, for the benefit of the corporation, in paveing the town street ; eight pounds 
to be given to the burgesses when they meet at the two courts leet, held for this corporation, 20s. each court ; 
to the poor of Headon 2 pounds. He gave, at the lime he was admitted a freeman of this town, a large silver 
cup, and a silver salver. He gave a very large silver mace, gilt ; he gave a large book of the statutes of Eng- 
land, in force from Magna Charta until the x.xii year of the reign of King Charles the 2nd. He did at his own 
charge procure tlie confirmation of a by law for the recovery of the penalty of £60. of the person who was duly 
chosen mayor of this tov.'n, and the penalty of £40, to be recovered by the same by-law, of the person or per- 
sons who was duly chosen baylift" or baylifis of this town, in case they did refuse to take upon themselves the 
execution of their respective offices. The same Henry Gvg did, when this by-law was contested, defend the 
same, and so recovered the penalty of the person who refused to stand the office of mayor or bayliff. He also gave 
to this corporation, a set of Exchequer bell weights, made of brass. He, at his own charge, erected a very large 
and convenient town hall, for the mayor, aldermen, and burgesses to assemble in, upon public busines, in the year 
1693. The gift of William Sagg to this town, woollen draper, to this corporation.- He gave one hundred pounds 
to this corporation. The gift of Christopher Ililyaid, Esq. recorder of this corporation. — He gave a large 
cushion and pulpit cloth, of cloth of gold, for the use of St. Augustine's church, in Heddon. Sir Hugh 
Bethel elected one of the burgesses of parliament, for this corporation, the 5th day of Feb. 1676. He gave 
to the town £50. to be disposed as follows :— To the aldermen £40. to the burgesses £5. to the poor £5. He 
also gave to the poor of this town, by his last will and testament, fifty shillings a year, for ever ; to be disposed 
off by the mayor and aldermen, and Hugh Bethell, Esq. Charles Duncouib, of the city of London, Esq, was 
made a free burgess, and chosen member of parliament for this corporation, in the year 1685. He gave to this 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 175 

corporation one large sliver flaggon. He gave 4 new bells, and £50. in money to defray the charges in casting 
the old bell into two, to make six tuneable bells for St. Augustine church in Heddon. Sir Francis Leigh, kt. 
at his own charge, caused new brick walls to be made about St. Augustine church yard, in the year of our Lord 
1693. He also, in the same year, gave two new chimes to the same church. Mattw. Appleyard, Esq. member 
of parliament, in the year 1689, gave a large silver tankard to the corporation. 'William Pulteny, Esq. member of 
parliament for this corporation, did, in the year 1709, at his own charge, beautifie and adorn this church, the 
ministers' pew, and pulpit, and 2 pews belonging to the aldermen and aldermomen with other ornaments in 
this church. He also, at his own charge, did, in the year 1 733, erect and set up a very usefull and convenient 
market house in the market-place of Heddon. The Hon. George Berkeley, Esq. was, in the year of our Lord 
God, 1734, made a free burgess, and elected member of parliament for this corporalion. He did, at his own 
charge, set up a beautiful new altar piece in the quire of the church, where none ivas before, and made a new 
altar table, new rails, and new seats, in the same quire. He also gave a velvet cover for the altar table, and 
two cushions, all embossed with gold. He also gave £63. in money, to be laid out for the good of this corpo- 
ration ; and also gave several other sums of money, which was, by his own order, distributed for the relief of 
the poor of this town, in winter time, in the year 1739 and 1740. Sir Francis Boynton, of Agnes Burton, 
baronet, was, in the year 1734, elected member of parliament for this borough. He gave to this corporation 
the sum of £50. to be laid out for the beautifying of the inside of this church, which was applied in makeing a 
new pulpit and reading desk, of wainscot, and in paveing the church floor and quier floor, with handsome Hol- 
land paveiugs. and severall other ornaments and painting work in the church. George Johnson, Esq. aud 
Anthony Brown, Esq. members of parliament for this borough, gave to this church a set of new chimes, in the 
year 1812. They also, the same year, gave two hundred pounds towards building ofS houses for old burgesses. 

Late Benefactions. — In tlie year 1817, Edmund Tuston, Esq. of Larpool Hall, on his being presented with 
the freedom of this borough, gave for the use of the burgesses 200 guineas, and at the same time gave to this 
church, a large and handsome silver communion cup. 

Other Charities. — The yearly sums of £5. to the minister, £1. to the schoolmaster, and 10s. to the parish 
clerk of Hedon, given by Mrs. Ann Watson's will, are regularly paid by the trustees of her charities ; as is 
also the sum of£l 6s. a-year, directed by her will to be laid out in bread for the poor of Hedon. By means of 
the latter gift, six pennyworth of bread is distributed every Sunday at the church, among six poor widows, 
chosen by the churchwardens. 

Charity Houses — There are four dwelling houses under one roof in this town, for five poor widows of free- 
men, who also receive from the mayor and bailiff's an allowance of 3s. each per month, and a chaldron and a 
half of coals yearly amongst them. The charity is under the direction of the mayor and bailiff's of Hedon, and 
is understood to have been founded by a Mr. Sagg ; but there are no writings relating to the buildings or the 
endowment. The houses are kept in good repair by the corporation, and are always occupied by five widows of 
freemen. There are also three other tenements in the town of Hedon, for the habitation of poor persons, under 
the order and appointment of the mayor ; but to these, there is no provision or endowment attached. The 
mayor and bailiffs supply half a chaldron of coals yearly for the poor people, and keep these tenements in repair. 

John Cockerill, by will, dated 1732, devised £2. 12s. per annum, out of a house and garth in Hedon, now 
the property of Mr. George Blenkin, grocer, of FIull, in right of his wife, (late — Beatson, spinster) for sup- 
plying bread for 12 poor widows. Tliis rent charge is regularly paid on or about the month of May, to a baker, 
for supplying Is. worth of bread, every week, to 12 poor widows. — [Char. Com. Rep. vol, 9. pp. 760-1.] 

Conclusion. — The borough, although it has lost its claim to be considered a port, is 
still a pleasantly situated thriving market town. It consists principally of one long street 
of good houses, or rather a continuation of two streets, St. Augustine-gate and Sutton- 



176 HEDON. 

gate, the Market-place being nearly in the centre. There are several smaller back streets, 
but out of the many places named in the foregoing pages, the following can only be iden- 
tified with any degree of certainty, viz. the Old Market-hill, the Sheriff Highway, Wood- 
market-gate, Fletcher (Flesher) gate, Butcher-gate, St. Augustine-gate, Sutor-gate, 
Waferer, or Wayfrain-gate, Baker's-way, or Baxter-gate, Grape, or Grope-gate, and 
West-gate, Magdalen-gate, Stockwell-lane, North Briggate, the site of the Riding Hall, 
the church of St. James, and St. Nicholas. The site of the castle of the Albemarles, 
mentioned by Leland, has been attempted also to be ascertained, but it rests so much 
upon conjecture that no reliance can be placed on the situations refered to. The Old 
Harbour which insulated the town, consisting of about 300 acres, where in the reign of 
Edward III. lay vessels of superior size, and where once the proud pennant of England 
floated in the breeze, where the murmur of the tide and the splashing of oars were heard, 
is now luxuriant meadow ; and the busy hum of the sea-port is changed to the lowing of 
cattle, and the bleating of sheep. The town is situated two miles from the Humber. An 
attempt was made, some years since, to restore the Old Haven, and an act of parliament 
was obtained in 1774 for that purpose ; but, from some cause or other, the plan failed of 
success, owing principally, it is said, for want of proper means being carried into effect for 
the excluding of the tides. Still there is considerable business done in shipping corn for 
London and the west of Yorkshire, by the present means of communication with the 
Humber, and returns are made in general merchandize. There is a market on Saturdays, 
and a cattle market every alternate Monday, established in 1 79(3 ; also four fairs in the 
place during the year. The principal one is of great resort, and generally known and 
frequented as Magdalen Hill fair, on the 2nd Aug. ; Holyrood fair on the 22nd Sept., a 
fair for hiring servants Nov. 1 7th, and Hollyin fair Dec- 6th ; a quarter sessions, a court 
of record for pleas to any amount, the wapentake court for the cognizance of pleas, meet- 
ings of the agricultural and other societies, which render Hedon a place of some consi- 
deration. The town was formerly divided into two parishes, St. Nicholas and St. Augus- 
tine, which have long since merged into that of St. Augustine, which includes the whole 
place. The principal buildings, &c. are, St. Augustine's, already desci ibcd ; the town 
hall, a neat erection of brick, containing a few paintings ; the old town hall and prison 
formerly stood on the Market Hill' The beautiful cross, removed in the year 1818 to 
Burton Constable, from Kilnsea, to preserve it from the danger of being destroyed by the 
sea, was subsequently removed to Hedon, and placed in a small enclosure near the head 
of the town.— f^ee llavenspurn.) A Roman Catholic chapel, recently altered, and 

a Some tiine or four years ago, one of the dungeons was discovered, which the newspapers of the day con- 
tained a full account of. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



177 



beautified with a cemetery attached to it ; a Wesleyan and a Baptist chapel ; a national 
school, in the Tudor style of architecture, lately erected, &c. &c. The Benefit Societies. 
— Samaritan club, established 1797> 200 members, capital £4000. ; a lodge of Odd Fel- 
lows ; a court of Foresters ; and two female societies. 




During the late war a company ot volunteers, called the Hedon ^'oluntccrs, were 
raised (1807)) of which the officers were, Robert Stubbing, Esq. captain ; Edw. Onibler, 
of Camerton Hall, Esq. lieut. ; Wm. Raines, of Wyton Hall, Esq. ensign. 

The being deprived of sending members to parliament by the reform bill has not 
entirely prevented the old tacticians from exercising that ingenuity, for which they were 
once famous, in conducting election contests ; it still being one of the polling places for 
representatives of the East Riding. An act was obtained, by which the commissioners 
were empowered to form a new line of turnpike road, through the marshes, from Hull to 
Hedon; thus shortening the distance between the two places from eight, which the old 
road through Bilton and Preston measured, to five and a half miles. 

Present Corporation. — Joseph Robinson, Esq. mayor ; Wm. Iveson, Jas. Iveson, John 
Hornby, Richard Iveson, John Soutter, John Taylor, Arthur Iveson, Robert Leak, 
aldermen ; George Taylor, John Day, bailiffs. 



178 HEDON. 

NEWTON GARTH. — This place is celebrated for an hospital, founded in the reign 
of H. II. by Wm le Gross, Earl of Albemarle, and, according to Tanner, before 1179-" 

It is stated in a note, that this was a difTerent hospital from that of Newton, near Hedon ; the Newton referred 
to is supposed to be Out Newton. The proximity of this Hospital to the Huraber, may have led to the con- 
founding of the localities. There is neither tradition nor documentary evidences existing relative to any hos- 
pital at Out Newton ; indeed the evidences referred to in the Notitia concerning this house, are Cart 29 E. I. 
No. 22. pro lib. War. in J^''emton juxta over Pashek, &c. ; Pat. I E. III. k Pat. 16 Eich. II. The Charier 
of Free Warren has been procured from the tower, and is thus worded : Rex Archiepis' &c. Sal't". Sciatis nos 
concessisse & hac Carta n'ra confirmasse dil'cis nobis in Xpo Magro' &: fr"ibus Ilospitalis S'ce Marie Magdelene 
de Newton juxta Ocer Paghclc in Holderness ;" which sets the matter at rest, this being the site of Newton 
Garth Hospital. The grant of free warren is in the usual language of such instruments, concluding with the 
usual penalty of ten pounds, to be levied upon those who shonld chase and take within the jurisdiction of the 
hospital, without permission of the master and brethren of the said hospital. The nature and purposes of 
these hospitals appear to differ ; some being for the express purpose of receiving Lepers, and others for the 
relief of poor and impotent persons, with a master and keeper, as well as the brothers and sisters of some order. 
In the Abb. Rot. Orig. 8 R. III." is recorded, an attempt to recover Redesseissin, by Richard Chodel de Cust- 
wyk, and Alice, his wife, at the Court of Hedon, of Richard de Potesgrave, master of the Hospital of Newton, 
near Hedon, and of Adam de Brunne, chaplain, one chamber within the hospital aforesaid, of a pottage, and 
two loaves of good corn, per diem, 28 lagens'' of ale for 15 days, of the better liberation of the hospital afore- 
said, two good messes from the kitchen for daily pitances, and supper as the better (melior) brethren of the 
same hospital ought to receive, three thousand turves per ann. brought to the aforesaid chamber, with litter, as 
necessaries for the said Richard Chodel and Alice, and one stone of ointment at the feast of St. Martin, in the 
winter ; also 5s. Gd. for both the said Richard Chodel, and Alice, for their necessaries, per annum, and pasture 
for six sheep, at the hospital aforesaid, through the whole year, and lambs dropping from the same sheep, 
among the lambs of the said hospital, to the feast of St. Martin, in the winter, every year, &c. &c. 

The privileges of this hospital were to be respected and held inviolate by the mayor and bailiffs of Hedon, 
as stated in the charter of H. V. Little more information can be obtained relative to this place. In the New 
Monasticon there is an ordnance of Thomas Rotheram, Archbishop of York, dated 1485 and 6, of his transla- 
lation, relative to a dispute between Edmund Lichfield on the one part, and Edm. de Percy on the other, as to 
the right and title of possessing the said hospital ; the Abp. awards the mastership to Edmund de Percy, on pay- 
ing an annuity of 100s. to Lichfield, under certain penalties for non obedience ; the decree is confirmed in chapter 
assembled by the Dean and Chapter of York, and Edmund, the master of the hospital, with the brethren and 
sisters of the same, ratify and accept the same, in full congregation assembled in the chapel thereof At the 
dissolution, 2G H. VIII. it was valued at £40 per annum in the whole. According to a memorandum in the 
augmentation office, this hospital was formerly part of the possessions of Sir Michael Stanhope, knt. attainted. 
License having been granted to * • * Ward to alienate the same, 1 E. VI. to the said Sir Michael, per the 6th 
part of a knight's fee. 8th November, 16 Eliz. the Queen granted to John Stanhope, Esq. to hold for ever in 
fee farm, at the reserved rent of £40. per annum, the site of the hospital of Newton Garth, to be held of her 
in capite, by knight service. It recites a former grant, dated 6 June, 6 E. VI. to Ralph Coton, and one from 
Ph. & Mary, to James Chancellor, one of the gentlemen in Chapel Royal, in reversion, dated 4th Dec. 4 & 5 
Ph. & Mary. 23 Eliz. the Queen gave license to alienate the site of the capital messuage in Newton Garth, to 
Robert Chamberlain, and Wm. Maudesley, (citizens and ironmongers,) J^c. 23 Eliz. the same parties have 

" Edition by Nasmyth. " P. 93, Rot. 42. " Lagen, from whence our flaggon. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



179 



license to alienate to Wm. Cromwell, and Richard Hewes and heirs.* 2 Jan. 33 Eliz. Sir Thomas Stanhope, of 
Sheflbrd, Com. Nott. by lease, bearing this date, demises to Leonard "Robinson, for 25 years, at the rent of 
£33. 6s, 8d. per ann. 8 Sept. 33 EUz. the Queen gives license to Sir Robert Stanhope, knt. to alienate a moiety 
of the site of Newton Hospital, to Leonard Robinson. Charles Robinson, for £1400. conveys to Frans. Blunt, 
Esq Gallows Close, 27 acres, Dunn Grounds, 20 acres, (except Dunn Lays) Great Dunn lugs, Little Dunn 
Ings, containing 19 acres, and Little Robson^s Lands, 24 acres of pasture and meadow, 100 acres in all, and a 
stable, with a piece of ground adjoining, and 3 feet in breadth of an orchard.*' 

TABLE OF DESCENT OF THE ROBINSONS, 

From the writings of Charles Rubi/iso/t, of Beverley, Esquire, 1783. 
John Robinson, born eup. 27 Eliz.^ 



The children of John legal 



William, youngest so 
sup. 27 Eliz. Itistl 
dtr.ofthis Wm. su] 

Thorpe, of Aldbro" 



Robert Robinson= Clara Knowles. 



'. of Elizabeth. Ralph, named in the= 
It. will of his brother I 

Robert. 

John, of Blackfriars, 6 Jan 






Mary. 



Jane. Clare. 

1, master mariner, by will, 3rd January, !727, leaves his nephew, Charles Robinson, jun. ■ 
The following descent from Wills; penes the late Rev. Wm. Dade. 



Leonard Robinson, ir 
buried in Paul chu 
Presron, Ulrome, 



il. 1600, proved 30th December. 1600,= 
Newton Garth, Hedon, Paul Holme, I 
-Abstract Holdemess Records. 



Elizabeth=Geo. Etherington. 



Leonard Robinson desires I 
buried in Paul church, nef 
father; aet. 24, 1600; u: 
26th Aug. 1613. 



Leonard, a mint 



11615. =Mary,daugh. of Henry, Isabel, of Hollym, 



ander. James. John, atCam- 
bridge in 161J. 

Mary. Bernard, a posthumus 



the church of Paul ; 
brother George. I gives to Leon. Robin- was father, 

I SOD, jun. a bay nag. sumed, 

j who married Catharine 

Frances. Rhodes. 

Leonard Robinson, 30th April, 1660, settles land on his son's intended m 
his land in Newlon Garth settled on him (inter alia) SOth April, 1650, previous to his i: 



Leonard 1 



^EUzabeth 

Qar Catharine Rhodes ; mard. i 



William Robinson, gent.=Mary Carlisle, made her will 4th Oct. 1713, daughter and co-h. 



■ Francis Carlisle. 



2ndly, Margari t Lang- 



; married— Dtr. of* 



lizabeth, dtr. Mary, mard. Daughter, married Mr. 



lohn, executor under his Robert had from t 
father's w ill.of the mid- the sheep field ai 
die emple, Esq. Garth, in 1700. 



■ Robinson, Esq. M.P = John, 1 
Headon, counsellor, I Hi 

■. in St. George's par. 



= Ann Herbert, mard. 
at .^11 Saints. Here- 
ford, Sept. 22, 1722. 



Sarah, bom 20th Jan. 1729-30 ; 
married to her cousin, Chas. 
Robinson, of Beverley. 



■ Luke Robinson,=CharIes, 



a From Mr. Brook's Papei's, Herald's Coll. ^ Blunt, of Newton Garth, bears gules, 

a fess, inter six Martletts, argent, 3, 2, 1. — Hildyard's MS. penes Mr. Beckwith. 



The moiety of the site, as it is termed, of the Hospital of Newton Garth, 43 Eliz. consisted of 1 ca|iital mess. 
1 pigeon cote, 2 orchards, 4 acres of land, %vith other lands in iVewton Garth, Hedon, Paghel Holm, and 
Preston ; the site on which the hospital stood has been long since ploughed up. A house was standing some 
years since, moated round, in the way from Medon to Paul, on the right hand ; upwards of 200,000 bricks 
were taken from the ruins, for the purpose of building the house of Capt. Standish, hereafter alluded to. 






PRESTON, 

WITH THE HAMLETS OF LELLEY, TWYER, ANDPOLLER, AND THE HOSPITAL OF ST. SEPULCHRE. 
RESTON. — In Prestone, Franc, and another Franc, Basine, Macus, Tor 
Gamel, Torber, and Turuert, had ten carucales of land to be taxed, and two 
oxgangs. There may have been ten ploughs there. Baldwin, a vassal of 
Drogo, has now there one plough, and forty-five villanes, and three bordars, 
having nine ploughs. There is a priest there, and a church. Three of 
•=^t -• Bl ''lilllll^K^-*^ ^^ Drogo's knights have there eleven villanes and four bordars, with three 
"^Cff?^ 11 'llll^^^&^^ ploughs, and two hundred acres of meadow, two miles long and two broad, 
value in king Edward's time twelve pounds, now six pounds. Eleven ox- 
gangs were soke of the manor of Burstwick. 

This place, from the above extract, appears to have been of 
some extent ; and it is not an improbable conjecture, that it 
included Hedon, which is not named in the survey ; there can be no doubt that Priest's town 
is the original name of Preston. The manor has not been separated from the fee, but has de- 
scended to its present owner as lord of the seigniory, and as part of the manor of Burstwick. 
In this township there are about 130 oxgangs, containing by estimation 35 acres each, upon an average, of 
arable, meadow, and pasture grounds, which are divided into seven hydales, and called by the several names 
following : — 2 oxgangs of Pickering's, 3 of Headon's, 2 of Disney's, 3 of Sepulchre's, 4 of Hildyard's, 2 of 
sixteen oxgangs, 2 of Robson's, 2 of Abbot's, 10 of Lound's, 2 of Welfleet's, 2 of Austin's, 2 of Leases, C of 
Hooth's, 2 of Chillom's, 4 of Parson's 2 of Tomlinsmith's, 2 of Booking's, 3 of Booth's, 1 of Walkland's, 8 of 
Prior's, 3 of Abbot's, 2 of Kirby's, 2 of Coyle's, 2 of Pearcebarn's, 2 of Thomas Greave's, 2 of Orre's, 4 of 
Headon's, 2 of Jno. Smith's and Robt. Bawking's, 2 of Hobbe's, 2 of Taylor's, 1 of Twyer's, 5 of Ingram's, 
2 of Robt. Clerk's. 2 of Chantry, 2 of Morkar's, 2 of Skinner's, 2 of Book's, 2 of Goldman's, 2 of Waterick's, 
2 of Jno. Hopkin's, 2 of Robt. Clarke's, 2 of Cooke's, 2 of Baynard's, 3 of Booth's, 6 of the six oxgangs, 3 of 
the other Booth's, 2 of Burton's; in all 129, which with the odd or Furby lands make up about 1?0. Sixty- 
four of these are copyhold, that is lo say— 2 of Bobson's, 2 of WilHeet's, 2 of Austin's, 2 of Leases, 6 of 
Booth's, 2 of Chillon's, 2 of Tomlinsmith's, 2 of Morkar's, 2 of Skinner's, 2 of Book's, 2 of Goldman's, 2 of 
Watterick's, 2 of John Hokin's, 3 of Routh's, 1 of Walkland's, 2 of Coxle's, 2 of Pearsbarn's, 2 of Thos. 
Graves, 2 of Orre's, 2 of John Smith's and Robt. Bawkin's, 2 of Hobbes, 2 of Taylor's, 2 of Reynard's, 3 of 
Booth's, G of six oxgangs, 3 of other Booth's. 2 of Burton's. 

At Michaelmas, 1766, Mr. John Buckles, in right of the first oxgang of three of Booth's before Walkland, 
served the office of Pennygrave ; the rest follow in their order. 

The copyhold oxgangs pay each a copyhold rent to the lord yearly, of 18s. except four of them, viz. the 
second oxgang of the three Routli's, before six oxgangs belonging to Wm. Johnson ; the first oxgang of Bur- 
ton's, the property of Ralph Coleman; the last oxgang of the six oxgangs ; and two half oxgangs; namely, 
half an oxgang of the second oxgang of ihe three other Rouths, before Walklands ; and the last hrdf-oxgang 
of the second oxgang of six olher Booths, the property of Eichard Bell, Esq. which pay only sixpence each. 
Tenpence per acre copyhold rent is paid for meadow and pasture ; and tenpence per acre bearing for the arable 



^^'2 HEDON. 

(i. e. when corn) for the odd lands. The copyhold rents for the homesteads in the townships are not so cer- 
tain, though the ancient homesteads seem generally to consist of a house, barn, S:c. and a garth, containing 
about an acre of land, the copy rent for which is 2s 2d. ; but in some places two or three of those are thrown 
together, and others converted into three or four little cottages, and the copyhold rent varies. Tlie copyhold 
rents of Preston, and all the other copyhold rents of the manor, were formerly collected quarterly ; but that 
becoming tedious, they have for many years past been collected yearly, at Michaelmas only, and at the first 
Wednesday after the old twelfth day, has of late been the court day for the pennygraves to pay in the same. 
Within this township there is also a small manor, called the Manor of the Rectory, in Preston, belonging to 
the lessees, under the subdean of the cathedral church of St. Peter, in York; and there are nine houses in 
Prcslon held of this manor, all without impeachment of waste, and paying a copyhold rent to the said lessees." 
Premises ok Less Note. — About 3 R. I. Hawissia, Countess of Alb. gave to Agnes de Preston, her nurse 
(neutrici), 4 bovates of land in Preston, which had been Lyolphus the provost's, and a rent of 6d. to the cus- 
tody of the castle of Skipsea." II. III.— Henry de Preston held, of the king in capite, the day in which he 
died, of the escheated lands of the Earl of Alb. by knt. service, in Preston, a capital mess, called West Hall, with a 
close adjoining, called North Croft, except 5 butts in the close. He also held here 8 oxgangs of land, with 
their appurts. of the king in capite, by knt. service ; also a close, called Hand Croft, and a cottage, of Simon 
Ingram ; and a close, called Barnard's Croft ; and a cottage, of which Wm. Twal was tenant-at-will ; he also 
held, by the same services, a windmill, of the king in capite. H. III. and E. I. — Peter Hildyard, and Alice 
his wife, relict of John, son of Robert, of Preston, bought lands here."^ 13 E. I. — Nicholas, son of Andrew 
Hawkin, of Preston, grants to Augustine, son of Ingram de Preston, a toft, with a wall and a ditch by which 
it was enclosed. 32 E. I.— John Passmer held of the king, as of the hon. of Alb. in vill. de Preston, 3 tolts 
and 7 bovates of land, where 48 make a knt.'s fee, by the ser\'ice of the 48th part of a knt.'s fee, doing suit at 
the wapentake court. <• 5 E. II. — The king, for a fine of 50 marks, sold to John de Hotham the custody of 

I messuage, 1 bovate, and two parts of 1 bovate of land, with its appurts. in Preston, which were Wm. 
.Sturmy's, deceased ; and also to have per ann. 37s. 4d. until the lawful age of the heir of the aforesaid Wm.e 

II E. II. — Andrew Ilawkyn held of the king in capite, as of the hon. of Alb. a tenement in Preston, viz. 1 
messuage, I acre, and 1 rood of land, in Preston; and I toft, and C acres and 1 rood of meadow and pasture, 
in the marsh of Preston.'' A writ is directed in the same year to Gilbert de Stapleton, escheator beyond the 
Trent, that since the inquisition (repeating the description of the same land) has been held to levy a fine of 
half a mark, for the pardon of a tresspass by the same, Scc.b 15 E. II.— Thomas Hildyard held of the king 
in capite, as of the hon. of Alb. 3 parts of a capital mess, here, 9 bovates of land, 6 acres meadow, two little 
pastures, and a little wood called Coninghey, 5 tofts and a windmill, at a rent of 25s. by knt. service. A In 
the rolls of parliament'" there is a petition from Thomas de Erghum to the king, setting forth, that, on the 
decease of Isabella de Fortibus, the king's escheator, Thomas de Normanville, had seized 1 mess. 1 croft, and 
3 bovates. with their appurts. at Preston, into the king's hands, but which belonged to Ordinell and Christan, 
father and mother of the petitioner, who held them by charter from the said Isabella, and had done so for 20 
years and upwards, and praying redress. Enquiries are directed to be made, &c. and the answer returned in 
the next parliament, that justice may be done. 8E. III.— A writ was issued to Simon de Grimsby, the king's 
escheator within the liberty of Holderness, that as John de Preston held at his death divers lands &c. in IIol- 
derness and in Preston, and that, as John his son was of full age when he died, he is required to pay a fine of 
40sh. and which the said John must pay before the king in council, and that the said John is to do the 

» MS. B. C. Lib. " Mid. Bail. ' Ibid. " llarl. MS. " Rot. Orig. Abbr. p 189, Rot. 18. 

' Harl. MS.S. 708, fo. 141. e Abb. Rot. Orig. p. 254, Rot. 3. " Rot. Pari. v. 1, p. 309. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 183 

homage accustomed upou the king's return from Scotland.^ 17E. III. — Andrew Ilawkyn held, the day in 
which he died, in his demesne, as of his fee, of the king in eapite, as of the hon. of Alb. 1 mess, 
with its appurtenances in Preston ; and in Notmersk of Preston, 1 toft, 6 acres arable, 2 acres and 1 rood 
of meadow and pasture, for 1 gross animal, by knt. service ; and that Margaret, wife of Robert Wasingdon, 
is daughter and heir.'' 21 E. III.— John Parkour held, the day in which he died, in his demesne, as 
of fee, 1 mess. 8 acres arable, with its appurts. here, of the king in eapite, as of the hon. of Alb. being 
in the hands of the king by the service of the 7fi8th part of a knight's fee, by service of paying to 
John Hildeyard and his heirs one penny per ann. for all services, &c. 22 E. III.— Robert Ingram, 
of Preston, in Ilolderness, held the day in which he died 1 toft, 2 bovates and 6 acres of arable, 4 acres of 
meadow and pasture, and 3 gross animals, with their appurts. in Preston, of the king, &c. by the service of 
120th part of a knt.'s fee, &c.'' 23 E. III. — A writ is issued to Peter de Grimsby to take security of Robt. 
son of Ingram, deceased, for a reasonable relief for the lands referred to above, &c. &c. 23 E. III. — A writ 
is issued to Peter de Grymsby to take security from Robt. de Wasingdon,"" who married Margaret, daughter 
and heir of Stephen Hawkyn, deceased, for a reasonable relief, &c. Sic." John Sturmy, and Albreda his wife, 
relict of John Constable, knt. had an annual rent of 40 marks, paid by Sir John Constable, his heir, in Pres- 
ton.' 22 H. VII.— Wm. Brillor, brother of John (Buller), gave Wm. Rawson, and Margaret his wife, dtr. of 
John Rawson, 1 mess. 1 close, and 12^ acres of laud, in Preston. 13 EUz. — Wm. Hogge held a close here, 
doing fealty for his livery in the manor of Burstwick. 16 Eliz.— Thomas Aldred, or Alured, held a close here, 
called Thirty-acres, in eapite, paying Sir H. Constable £10. yearly, in fee ferm. 16 Eliz— John Aldred held 
the same close in Preston, in eapite, per his livery. 4 James.— Henry Aldred, son of the said John, per his 
livery, held the same close here. The several famihes of Preston, Ingram, Hildyard, Hawkyn, and Sturmy, 
were all, in early times, connected with this place. Proceedings were instituted in chancery, in the reign of 
Elizabeth, by Launcelot Coulman, Rd. Acye, and Thomas Almound, v. Rd. Marston, to establish certain 
rights on a common, called Neat Marsh, belonging to this place. The custom abated respecting the election 
of officers at the court hoklen for the manor of Burstwick, to regulate this common, s 

In '2 H. III. 1156, the king issues a writ to the Earl of Albemarle, that Walter de 
Preston should enter the forests of the king's bailiwick, and the bailiwick of Hugh de 
Neville, for the purpose of taking forty bucks for the king's use. The following is the 
copy of the original : — 

Rex Corn's Albemar' Salt' sciatis q'd attornavim' dil'cm n'rm Walt'm de Preston ad cunendu p" forestas 
nostras in bailla' sua & bailla' Hug de Nevill ad capiend l,x damos ad op" n'r'm ad lardariu' faciendu". Et Ido 
vol' mandam' q'd hoc ita fieri permittas in Bailla vr'a q'antu' ad nos p'tinet. Q'm etc. T. ap' Westm' viii die 
Maij Anno r. n. sc'do. 

The Church (Peculiar).— 10 H. I.— Stephen, earl of Albemarle and lord of Hol- 
derness, gave the church and tithes of Preston to the abbey and monks of St. Martin's, 
Albemarle, in pure alms.'' In the time of Stephen, Wm. le Gross gave (confirmed) the 
same church of Preston, with the chapels of Hedon and other appendages, to the abbey 
of St. Martin.' 5 Id. Nov. 1229.— Whereas the abbat and convent of Alb. had absolutely 

» Abbr. Rot. Orig. p. — Rot. 10. " Harl. MS. No. 708, fo. 236. "^ Harl. MS. No. 708, fo, 263 "■ 

<" Abbr. Rot. Orig. Rot. 24, p. 202. ■■ Ibid, p. 203, Rot. 27. ' Records, Rolls, Chapel. 

^ Proced. Chan. vol. 1, Record. Commiss. " Dodswortb, 588, a 9. ' Chart. 97, 40, Mid. Bail. 

VOL. II. 2 c 



184 PRESTON. 

granted the chureli of Preston, with its chapels of Hcdon, and appurtenances, to the 
perpetual ordination of Walter Grey, abp. of York. He, the said abp. in augmentation 
of his cathedral church, constituted a new dignity of the subdeanery therein, and annexed 
and appropriated to it this church of Preston, in Holderness, which he freed from episco- 
pal performances." The subdeanery, in this cathedral church, has been an ancient dignity 
in the same, instituted by Walter Grey, abp. when he annexed the church of Preston to 
it. The subdean is high prebendary to the abp. and ought personally to reside in the 
church by reason of his said dignity ; and had houses assigned him by the chapter for the 
same purpose. The subdean has in Hedon three chapels, St. Augustine, St. Nicholas, 
St. James, and jurisdiction over them all ; likewise the subdean, rector of Preston, hath 
four oxgangs of glebe land, and eight tenements there, and hath all jurisdiction in the 
same.'' The parsonage whereof, with all manner of tithes, great and small, and oblations 
and glebe lands, the subdeans have usually let at farm, for the rent of £51. 13s. 4d. 
20th June, 1564, 7 Eliz. — A composition was made, between the vicar of Preston and 
the rector of Hedon, and the inhabitants of the town and borough thereof, concerning 
the finding the curate in the church of Hedon." Torr mentions Wm. Clyfton, as subdean 
and parson of Preston, as demising, 25th Aug. 28 H. VHI. unto John Tyndall, of 
Allerton, by Water, gent, for the term of 21 years, his parsonage of Preston, excepting 
the donation of the vicarage, at the rent of £51. 13s. 4d. W. Clyfton, 7th Feb. 2 E. VI. 
demised to John Tyndall, of Knottingley, for the term of 70 years, this parsonage, with 
all manner of tithes, great and small, &c. excepting the presentation to the vicarage ; but 
the 23rd Nov. 34 Eliz. Henry Wright, clerk, subdean, demised unto Roger Thompson, 
of Preston, yeoman, for 21 years, at £51. 13s. 4d. 20th Oct. 40 Eliz. the same Henry, 
M.A. demised to Wm. Maister, of Preston, for the term of three lives, all his rectory, 
rendering per ann. £30. 13s. 4d. (Qy. £50. 13s. 4d.) In 169G, 8 Wm. and Mary, Dr. 
Pearson, the subdean of York, on a renewal of the lease of the rectory tithes of Preston, 
made an augmentation of £10. per ann. to the vicarage forever; and in 1777) lands 
worth £200. were awarded, by the lord of the manor and others, to augment the living, 
])ursuant to an act of parliament, 12th July, 1770. 

VIC Alls OF PRF,STOX.-i 



Inslitulcd. 


J'icars. 


Patrons. 


Vacated hij 


'2nd Ides Nov. 
20th Feb. 


1298 
1317 


Dns. W. de Blvda 
Dns. W. de Carleolo 


Subdean of York 
the same 


Resig. pro vie de Aldburg 



" Burton's .3 vol. MS. i' Terr's York Minster, pp. 035, 1229 13 H. III. 
See the Register of Abp. Holgate, d. 1547, 1 E. VI. and Nicholas Heath, p. 23. ''Torr"s Peculiars, p. 770. 







MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 


185 


Instituted. 


Ficars. 


Patrons. 


Vacated by 


11th September 


1362 Dns. Rd. Le White vel de Lanum, 

Cap. 
1363Dns. Kobt.de Pykerings 


Subdean of York 


Resig. pro Durham 


18th July 


the same 


the same pro Yedding- 










ham, vicar 


11th November 


1382 


Dns. Adam 


the same 








Dns. Thos. de Newton 


the same 


the same pro Gunby, 
Line. dioc. 


28th August 


1390 Dns. Thos. Tynton, Cap. 


the same 


Mori. 


28th October 


1398 Mr. John Bron deThetford, L.B. 


the same 


the same pro Eccle de 










Blyburgh 


28th November 


1415 


Dns. Roger de Sa.xton, Cap. 


the same 


Resig. pro Limbag, vie. 
com Line. 


6th March 


1419 


Dns. Wm. Uphall, L.B. 


the same 


Mort. 


28th June 


1420 


Dns. Jobs. Traftbrd, Cap. 


the same 


the same 


14th March 


1455 Uns. Walter Bate, Presb. 


the same 


the same 


13lh April 


1456 Dns. Robert Gyles, Cap. 


the same 




22nJ September 


1459 


Dns. Thos. Clark, Presb. 


the same 


the same 


13th December 


1492 


Dns. Wm. Allanson, Cap. 


the same 


the same 


25th September 


1505 


Dns. Robt. GiUowe, Presb. 


the same 


the same 


7th June 


1525 


Mr. Rd. Lister, L.B. 


the same 


Certo modo 


2nd May 


1326 


Mr. Rd. Lister, L.B. Cler'um 


the same 


Resig. 


21st July 


1529 


Dns. Thos. Clark, Presb. 


the same 


Mort. 


25th October 


1532 


Dn.s. Marra. Thomson, vel Con- 
stable 


the same 


the same 


5th June 


1546 


Dns. John Newton 


the same 








Thos. Buller, CI. 


the same 


Resig. 


3rd August 


1588 


John Thewe, CI. 


the same 




20th September 


1599; Wm. Bancke, CI. 


the same 




2nd April 


1622 


Francis Edgar, A.M. 


the same 


Cession 


21st January 


1624 


Henry Hubbard (spelt Hibbert in 
the register) 


the same 




29th December 


1640 


John Revell, M.A. 


the same 


Mort. 


1st December 


1676 


Thos. Swinburne, M.A. 


the same 


the same 


7th January 


1686 


Phillip Hutton, B.A. 


the same 






—95 


Dr. Pearson, subdean, augmented 
the living £10. per annum (1) 


(Per Maekley) 




9th April 


1730 


Thomas Jackson 


Rex, per lapsum 


Resig. 


16th July 


1740 


Ralph Robson 




ihe same 


20th November 


1744 


Thomas Jackson, M.A. 






22nd January 


1755^ Thomas Jackson, B.A. 






6th May 


1758 


the same 







186 



Vacated hy 



14th October 
4th June 
29th July 
5th April 



1784 John Butt, M.A. 
1812 John Dixon 
1828 I Wm. Wasse, M.A. 
1839! James Mare Wake, 



3.A. 



Death 

the same 

Present Incdmbent. 

1 industrious collector of 



(1.) Mr. Dade states, that Francis Smales was rector of Preston, and that he 

manuscripts about 1698; they were bought after his death by Mr. Thornton, recorder of Leeds, and Mr. 

Thoresby. There is a MS. volume in the Burton Constable Library, called Smailes's Chronology, but it is 

of little value. The quotations from Smales, or Smailes, in this work, are from the original MS.S. of Mr. 

Smales. In the above list of incumbents, Ironi Torr"s Peculiars, the name of Smales does not occur. 
Net income £81, held with Hedoii. 

Test.^mestaby Burials. — I July, 14-59, Wm. Swattoke, w. p. 8 July; in the churchyard. 20 March, 
1 172, Dns, Wra. Paynter, chaplain, w. p. 7 April, 147.5, before St, Mary's altar, 14 June, 1487, Wm. Drew, 
chaplain, w. p. 4 July. 2 Oct. 1618, R. Ross, gent. w. p. 1 August, 1621. 28 Nov. 16.58, Rich. Gill, gent. 
» ♦ « in the chancel. 

Pickering's Chantri/, at the Altar of St. Mary, the J'iri)in.—\Q Dee. 20 E. IIL The king granted his 
licence to Hugh de Prtston, parson of the church of llalsham, for him to give and assign 4 mess. 9 (or 3) tofts, 
and 18s. rent, in Iledon, Preston, and Tunstall, to a certain chaplain, who should celebrate in the parish church 
of Preston, in Holderness, S^c. whereupon the said Hugh, by ihe consent of the said king, and of the chapter of 
York, (the dean living then out of the province, and the archbishop's see vacant) founded in honor of the 
Virgin Mary, a perpetual chantry in the parish church of Preston, to the sub-deanery anne.xed, and settled 
thereon lands and tenements for the maintenance of a certain priest, and ministers, perpetually to celebrate 
thereat, for the souls of the said king, the canons of York, and of M. Rt. de Pickering, and Ihe soul of the said 
Hugh de Preston, and his parents, !cc. willing that the said chaplain, for the time being, shall, (in every vaca- 
tion) be presented by the said Hugh and his heirs, or in default of them, after lapse of 16 days, by the vicar of 
Preston for the time being, unto the chapter of the cathedral of York, to be instituted, which said chaplain, so 
presented, shall be one of his kin, and of his blood, and of his heirs, and be in holy orders, &c. ; within 10 days 
of his institution, shall take a corporal oath before the vicar of Preston, for the time being, that he will restore 
to the church of Preston, all oblations whatsoever shall be due thereunto, and shall not prejudice it in any 
other respect; and shall also, every day, (if he be in health) celebrate, with due devotion, the solemnity of 
masses, with placebo, dirige, (Sfc. commendation ; and every Tuesday say the Psaltry, with the offices of the 
dead ; and every Wednesday shall celebrate the mass of the Virgin Mary, for the faithful ; and on Thursdays 
the mass of the Holy Ghost ; and on Fridays the mass of St. Crux, and in every of these masses shall say for 
his soul, and the soul of M. Rt. de Pickering, the prayer of omnipotens sempiterne Deus cui nunquara sine Spe 
cum oratione fidelium, which order he would have observed, unless on grand festivals, wherein he shall be 
present (if he please) and celebrate iu them, and in other double festivals * * » vesper and other high masses, 
for singing and reading, according to the grace given him by God ; and shall always find bread and wine and 
candles, in the solemnity of his masses, S^c. bear all burdens of ornaments, books, vestments, belonging to the 
said chantry, JvC. ; all which was ratified and confirmed by the chapter of York accordingly, on 17th June, 
1341. And the said Hugh de Preston, by his charter tripartite, gave and granted to God, and to Hd. de Ilayt- 
field, chaplain, f^c. 4 mess, 3 tofts, and 3s. & 2d. rent in Hedon, Preston, and Tunstall, for his sustentation, to 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



187 



have and to hold the same, to him and his successors, chaplains, to be near of kin, and of the blood of the said 

Hugh and his heirs, if they be fit for it, S.C. Dat Ebor. die Lund in Crast Sc'i Botulphi. Abt. 13-U, 1.5 E. III. 

A CATALOGUE OF THE CHANTRY PRIESTS HEREOF. 



Instiliited. 


Persons. 


Patrons. 


J'acated by 


1311 


Dns. \l. de Ilaytefeld 


Hugh de Preston, rec. 
de Halsham 


Mort. 


1349 


Fil Rt. de Preston 


Ino. fil Ino. tU Warneri 


Resig. 


1351 


Hugh de Wetelock de Preston 


the same 




13.5-2 


Rad. de Campin de Gousille 


the same 




1385 


Wm. Bukster, Cap. 








Rd. Nevvbald, Cap. 




Mort. 


1411 


Hugh Parker, Cap. 


W. Lord and G. Parker 




1433 


Wm. Swattoke, Cap. 


Pet. Clarke de Preston 






Wm. Painter, Cap. 




the same 


1475 


Dns. Wm. Baxter, Cap. 


Peter Ehvyn, Gent. 


Resig. 


1479 


Wm. Wilkinson, Cap. 


the same 


the same 


1483 


Rt. Drew, obit. 1487 


the same 






Thos. Hobson 




Mort. 


1512 


Gerard Welles, Pbr. 


Jno. Ehvyn, Gent. 


the same 


1.540 


Jno. Cockerell, Pbr. (1) 







(1) lie had at the dissolution an annuity of £4. 4s. assigned him, which he enjoyed in 1553.=' 
The F.4.BRIC, dedicated to All Saints, consists of a nave and aisles, a chancel, with a 
north aisle, and a tower at the west end. Exterior. — The tower, which is built of hewn 
stone, is the finest part of the structure, consisting of four stages, with double buttresses 
at the angles, of five set OS's ; each buttress having a pinnacled niche for a statue. In the 
lower course of the west face is a good pointed doorway, with an ogee shaped dripstone, 
and blank shields on each side the arch ; above the door is a large pointed window, of 
perpendicular character, with four lights ; above the window is a pinnacled niche, with a 
bust having a beard, (commonly called Bishop Lun.)'' In the upper course, two large 
and good pointed arched windows, also perpendicular ; the belfry windows are the same 
in each face. The tower finishes with a neat pierced parapet, with crocketed pinnacles at 
the angles, and one in the centre of each face. The tower projects from the body of the 
church. The south aisle has three buttresses, with double ones at the angles ; a modern 
brick porch, with a pointed doorway ; three depressed arched windows, of three lights each, 
and trefoiled. The aisle finishes with a neat battlement, and has a basement mouldino-. 



^ Willis Abb. vol. 2, p. 292, '' It may refer to Sir Gerard de Lund, kt. of Preston, who witnesses an 

agreement, dated 4 Feby. 1388, between Adam, the rector of St. Sepulchres, and Robt. de la Twyer.— Hull 
Records, No. 1564, p 891. 



188 PRESTON. 

There are four clerestory windows on south side the nave, of the same character as those 
in the south aisle. The nave has also a pierced battlement. A depressed arched window 
at the east end of the south aisle, same as the others ; at the west, one of three lights ; a 
flat arch, three lights, with perpendicular tracery in the head ; a cross is placed at the apex 
of the east end. The north aisle is divided by five buttresses into six portions, the two 
easternmost belong to the aisle of the chancel ; a plain pointed doorway in the western 
division, and there arc three square-headed windows, two of two lights, the other of three. 
Another doorway, and two square-headed windows, occupy the north aisle of the chancel. 
The clerestory, on the north side, has two windows of two lights, and one of three ; and 
another square-headed window of three lights, at the west end of the aisle. The chancel 
is lighted by three plain lancet windows, of early English character ; on the south side, 
two with trefoiled heads, and a square-headed window, with two lancets, having trefoils 
inserted in it ; between them is a plain, semicircular-headed doorway. The east end is 
occupied with a large, pointed, perpendicular window, of five lights ; on each side of it are 
indications of two other lancet windows blocked up. The chancel is evidently the oldest 
part of the fabric, it is tiled ; the nave leaded. The principal entrance was intended to 
have been through the doorway, in the west face of the tower, but has been some time 
unused. The building is of hewn stone, repaired with brick and stone in its rough state. 
Interior. — The nave is separated from the aisles by three piers, and four arches on each 
side, the north aisle being much wider than the south aisle, and not so lofty. The piers 
on the south side are clustered columns, with plain capitals, and are higher and more 
slender than the piers on the north, which are plain, octangular shaped, A plain bracket 
appears between each clerestory window, intended for the purpose of supporting the 
bearing timbers of the roof, which seems to have been higher. The nave has a neat 
appearance. The chancel arch is pointed, nearly closed by a wood partition, on which are 
the Lord's Prayer, Belief, and King's Arms. The pulpit is fixed in the centre aisle, 
beneath the arch, supported by four pillars, and has a canopied sounding board ; on the 
front panel of the pulpit, is a painting of St. Peter with the keys. The arch to the tower 
is lofty, and lancet shaped ; under it is a small gallery." The font is at the west end of 
the south aisle, granite, octangular, and plain. There are three bells.'' At the south- 
west end of the south aisle, there was engraven on the upper ledge in the wood inclosing 

" Inscribed in iront " Tljis loft erected for the encouragement of singing, 1739. Thos. Jackson, vicar, Itob. 
Spencer, Fras. Heron, Cli. Wds.'' Above the Gallery, " This chnrch pewed 1797. 

•> The following copy of a memorandum was found among some papers relating to this church, " That in the 
1th Eliz. the bells were taken out of this church, and exported, that the ship, wherein the bells were, when she 
was clear of Humbre and launched into the sea, being under sail, she, yet within sight, was seen to sink down 
into the sea, like that of Arthur Prulkley, 38th Bishop of Bangor, who, for the like sacrilege was struck blind." 
— (Joodwin, 5J0. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



Mr. Constable's pew, " Orate pro anima Wilielmi Barchard qui fecit istud opus operari 
in Honorem beat« Margareta?." — Topham's MS. 

Monuments in C/iincel.—Dsi.me Elenora Oxenden, Aug. 2 I, 1728, a't. 46 ; arms on the stone and hatchmet 
above. Rev. John Dixon, 45, yrs. minister of Preston and Hedon, d. 22 June, 1818, cet. 69, Betty, his widow, 
d. 3 May, 1853, aet. 69 Table monument, black marble slab, Thomas Hehue, proctor of this town, d. Oct. 
1718, ret. 81, (see table of benefactions.) Kitty Stubbins, wifeof Rt. S. d. Oct. 5. 1808, aet. 31. John Burn- 
ham d. 9 Jan. John Saunders, 20 Dec. 1724, at. 57. Fras. his daur. 23 Oct. 1722, set. 26. Mrs. Mary 
daur. of J. S, by 2nd wife, 25 March, 1733, set. 33. Mrs. F,liz, Lession, wife of J. S. and widow of R. S. 
vicar of Preston, 20 May, 1754, Kt. 73. John Stephenson, 10 May, 1802, aet. 65, also Mary, his wife, April 
24, 1781, Eet. 40. On a floor stone in nave, round the edges, Here lyeth in peace Raphe Johnson, of Preston, 
gentleman, who died in the faith of Christ, the 25 April, 1590, and Alice, his wife, who died the 12 Oct. 1610. 
The interior of this stone has been talien and appropriated by another, and is inscribed, " Here lyeth the body 
of Mr. Ralph Burnsall, d. 4 March, 1719, xt. 75. also Mr. R. B. his son, Sep. 14, 1744, <Et. 47. AVilfrid Burn- 
ham, of Kingston-upon-IiMll, April 25, 1814, cBt 35. Also Mary Collins B. daur. of W. and Mary B. June 
8, 1813, 11 months. Ann, wife of Edw. B. Aug. 8, 1747, jet. 31. Rd. Caley. April 3, 1825, set. 77. Josh. 
Denton, 19 March, 1827, ast. 75. Eliz. Denton, Jan. 1 1, 1814, set. 70. Two murals in S. aisle— Rob. Young, 
ol Roxburgshire, May 19, 1795, x\. 79 ; also, Mary, wife of Wm. Young, of Preston, (son of above R. Y.) 
15 Dec. 1796, at. 27, and an infant ; also, Lieut. Wm. Young, son of W. and Mary Y. May 4, 1822, aet. 26. 
—Sacred to the memory of Josh. Whisker, 26 Dec. 1819, set. 70; Sarah W. died in her infancy, 23 Feb. 1813. 
On a floor stone— Josh. Whisker, 7 March, 1788, ict. 80, and Ann his wife, 25 Dec. 1781, a!t. 64. In north 
aisle, two marble murals— John Beatson, who, after having been 24 years pastor of the Baptist Church in Salt- 
house-lane. Kingston-upon-Hull, was called to quit these earthly scenes, April 25, 1798, set. 55; also Mary B. 
his wife, March 3, 1816, a?t. 68. David Burnsall, Esq died at Chelsea, in county of Middlesex, April 19, 
1793, set. 77. There are many stones in the yard : a table tomb, guarded by iron railing, is to Hannah, wife 
of Rev. John Walts, of Hull and Cherry Burton, d. 27 March, 1801, aged 58 ; and Rev. J. Watts, of Pock- 
thorpe, 12 May, 1815, aet. 80. Another table— Geo. Wintringham, Oct. 6, 1824, aet. 72, and Sarah, his wife, July 
16, 1821, set. 72; another, Ralph Burnhara, farmer, Dec, 11, 1838, set. 78; another, Robinson ; another, Wallis. 
Charities, distributed in ^411 Saints' Parish of Preslon, vested in the f^icar. Churchwardens, Ocerseers, ifc. 



z^az. 


Diitc of 




.„.„.»<„„.„,. 


„„.„„.,„w. 


,„„..„,„. 


»= 


,u"lT,e,. 


James Rand 


2CthOct 


^'h?Trou!;d:"can 

Oak-tree Hill, lead - 
towards Burstwick. 


To be inhabited by poor people. 




Overseers of the 
the time being?' 










.MsQ, £ICO 


The interest thereby arising to By purchase of two half osgangs of 

cient repair ; and the surplus' 22nd .\ug. 1711, by Ualph Bum- 
to be distributed to the poor; sail. Richd. Sisslson,Tiear,Wm, 
and needful people of the Colllct and John Galles, overseers. 


The same. 




W-hltsunda, 
ChrS^mas. 


Preston, genj 


August, 


£,m. 


One-half for the poor of Pres- 
ton, and the other half for a 

instruct the poor children, 
born in the town of Preston, 


By purchase of a close, called Horse 
Close,and of another called Whin- 
ney Close, in the parish of Prcs- 

the'26th March, 174.1,' by Johti 
Burnham and Ralph Burnsall. 


wSdens for'the 
time being. 




Christmas. 


Preston, gent. 


23rdFeb. 


.\doz. of white hread. 


To be distributed for the use of 
the poor J Preston. 


Paid by the owner of the half-ox- 
gang of land, called by the name 


Cook's Land. 


£2. I2s. 


Every Sun- 
day for ever. 


John Marshall, o 
of York, gent. 


3rd Jan. 


£200. 


To be distriouled lo the poor 
ofthe parish, in bread, yearly. 


4 per Cent. Consols, in the names 
of Jo. Dixon, vicar, Ed. Bum- 
ham, John Br.mton, churchwar- 




e7. 10s. 


Lady-day 
Michaelmas. 



REV. JOHN' DIXON, Vicar; MARTIN ROBINSON, WILLIAM SCOTT, Churchwardens. 



190 PRESTON. 

Part of the township is in the liberty of St. Peter. It is a considerable village, and has 
some good houses in it. There is nothing remarkable in the place. The lordship is 
divided into a number of freeholds, and there are many proprietors. A meeting bouse, 
belonging to the Baptists, one to the Wesleyans, and another to the Primitive Methodists, 
occupy respective sites. The parish, including Lelley, consists of upwards of 4850 acres. 

LELLEY," or Lelley Dike, returned by the name of Diche, as a soke of the manor of Brocstewic, containing 
four cariicates of arable land. 

This place has always been attached to the Seigniory as a member of the manor of 
Burstwick. In the township there are twenty-two oxgangs and three-quarters, namely, 
J 1| oxgangs freehold, 11 oxgangs copyhold. The copyholders serve the office of penny 
grave, as at Preston, by the oxgang, in the following order : — 

1757, Mr. Wm. Caley, for one oxgang; 1758, Ditto, for another; 1759, John Bennington, one ditto, late 
Fairweather's ; 176'0, Wm. Garton, for one ditto, late Ombler"s; 1761, Mr. John Charapney, one ditto late 
Bower"s ; 1762, Mr. John Champney, for half ditto, late Bower's, Robert Watson, and oihers, for half an 
oxgang, late John Ombler's ; 17G3, Bacon Morritt, Esq. for one oxgang late Barnard's; 17C4, Wm. Salvidge, 
for one oxgang, late Wright's; 17G5, Bacon Morritt, Esq. for the broad half oxgang, John Bennington, for a 
quarter, late Newton's, and a quarter, late Fairweather's; 1766, Mr. John Wray, for an oxgang late Whittaker's ; 
1767, Mr. John Wray. for one oxgang late do.; 1768, Mr. Wm. Caley, for one oxgang; 1769, Ditto, for 
another. 

The copyhold rental, for one whole year, ending Michaelmas, 1768 .■ — 

Bacon Morritt, Esq. 10 Mr. Wbittaker 0156 

Mr, John Bell -------- 3 Mr. Averill Orabler 040 

Mr. Robert Bell ------- I 3 Mr. Wm. Salvidge - - 082 

Mr. John Champney 12 3 Mr. Wm. Garton - -080 

Mr. Wm. Caley - - 13 Mr. Jonah Harwood - 5 6 

Mr. Bennington 12 2 

Premises of less note. — Circa R. I. Wm. Mandeville, or Wm. de Fortibus, granted a rental of 100s. to 
Wm. Constable, namely, of Iledon, 3 marks, in Alstanewic 47s. the residue in his rental of Lelley. 22 E. IIL 
1348, Adam de Dyke held a mess, and a toft, and two oxgangs of land of the king in capile, as of the hon. of 
Albm. by fealty, and the rent of 4s. yearly, to be paid at Brustwyk manor.'' 18 H. VI 1. Peter Hildeard held 
certain lands in Dyke, of Edw. Duke of Buckingham, for military service, (Xr. son and heir.)'^ 4 E. VL 
Christopher Hildyard, s & h. of Martin Hildeard, held lands and tenements in Dyke and Lelley, as of the 
manor of Burstwick.'' 14 Eliz. Thomas Ombler held a quarter of a borate, and one close of land, containing 
3 acres, in Lelley ; Wm s. and h. held in capite. 36 Eliz. Wm. Dibney held three quarters of one bovate of 
land in Lelley, Bramer, and Sandwath, in capite, Wm. s. and h. 38 Eliz. Blasius Dibney held three quarters 
of a bovate of land in Lelley, Cramer, and Sandwalhe, in capite. John Ombler held certain lands in Lelley, 
n Capite. James L John White held 1 quarter and J quarter of one bovate in the field called Burstwyk field, 
n Lelley, in capite, Thos. s. & h. a.>t. 40 years." In the same reign Thomas Khbie held i of a bovate of land 
n Lelley, and a certain parcel of land in Tjelley Mainfield, and a parcel in Bramer and Sandwath, in capite. In 

^ A. D 627, Leila, the faithful servant of Edwin, King of Northumberland, perceivinge Eomer, a bloody 
villain prepareinge to stabb the Kinge, interposed his owne body, and receiving the stabb, was slain. I'lor 
Wigorn. '' Burton's MS. vol. 3. ^ Ridley, 4, 118. <i Ibid, 6 73. « Preceding from Mid. Bail. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 191 

1707, Wra, Ombler, of Lellcy Dike, senr. 20 Mar. surrenJered half an oxgang of arable, meadow, and pasture 
with its appurts. in Lelley, rendering annually 4s. which he lately had from John Blunt, of Welton, clerk, and 
Wm. Blunt, 3rd son of John Blunt, to the use of Wm. James, of Burstwick, and Bridget, his wife. 2 May, 
1711, Henry Bernard made a surrender of an oxgang and four sellions of arable, meadow, and pasture, in 
Lelley, to the use of Wm. James, of Burstwick, clerk, and Bridget, his wife. Mr. James, the minister of Burst- 
wick, surrenders an oxgang and four sellions of land in Lelley, II June, 1718, to the uses of his will, and 
6 May, 1723, he also surrenders a messuage, &c. He also surrendered a messuage, kc. &c , and a lane of two 
acres, to the uses of his will. Wm. James, by will, 6 May, 1723, gives the use and behoof of his lands surren- 
dered to his wife, and Bacon Morrill, Esq. ; Wm. James died 30 Nov. 1723. Lelley contains about 800 acres 
of land, belonging to several proprietors. According to the register of Abp. Wm. le Zouch, in 1342, 17 E. HL 
the inhabitants of Lelley and Dyke were ordered to repair to their parish church, the place being about three 
miles from Preston. The distance perhaps occasioned remissness in their attendance, which, at the period 
referred to, in the then state of Holderness, must have been an undertaking of some difficulty. Inconvenience 
from the distance is felt also in the present day, which has suggested the idea of building a chapel of ease, which 
it is understood to be in contemplation. 

TWYER. — The property so called appears to have given name to a family who, before 
the possession of it, do not seem to have had any fixed surname. 

It was the custom, for many generations after the Conquest, for families of note to add the christian name of 
their fathers to their own, as Richard, son of Alan, son of Oubern, &c. of which this history contains abundant 
proof. Wm. le Gross, Earl of Albm. gave to Alan, son of Hubert, his man and governor, for his service, 
(homini suo et gubernatori pro servitioy Twyer and Poller, between Preston and Headon. in fee, paying per 
annum to this sheriif (vicecomiti suo) 12d. at Michaelmas, and castle ward at Skipsea. Twyer and Poller are 
geneially named together in connection with the Twyer family." Adam de la Twyer, and John his brother, attest 
a charter from Robt- de Verley, to Henry de Pocklington, of lands in Wynested, 5 H. III.'' Whatever the terms 
Homo and Gubernator may have really meant in the 12th century, Twyer seems to have been a near servant to the 
ancient Earls of Alb., for Odo, and Stephen his son, temp. W. II. gave gules, a cross patee, varey argent & azure ; 
and Twyer bears gules, a cross vairee, argt. and az. a difference in token of subordination. This family acquired 
great property in Holderness. By an inquisition, p. m., 32 E. I. I'eter de la Twyer held in Preston, a tene- 
ment there called la Twyer. Poller Pasture, containing sixty acres, Wynested, 1 toft 2 bovates of land, and 
6s 8d. rent; Hildeston, (Ililston) 4 bovates and 1 bovate ; Frothingham, 2 tofts, 1 mess, and 4 bovates land; 
Gavestede manor (Gansted) extent, castle ward at Skipsea ; Sutton, 2s rental, | bovate, and 5 acres of meadow ; 
Sotcotes, 1 bercaria, a bovate, and 5 acres meadow; Fry.semarys, 4 bovates and J of land, and a water-mill; 
Guthorne, 6 tofts, 6 bovates of land, and a wind-mill ; Rymeswell, J bovate ; Oustwyk, 1 toft and 1 J bovate ; 
Skeflinge, 4 bovates of land; Ottringham, 21s, rental; Tharlesthorpe, 16d. rental; Pagelflete, a rental : Bilton, 
1 mess. 40 acres arable, 24 acres meadow and pasture, for 312 bidentes, (sheep of 2 years old.)' 

There are several inquisitions during the reigns of Edw. I. II. & III. in which the same properties are 
enumerated. 1 1 E. III. Alice, late wife of Peter de la Twyer, held in dower, of the heir of Wm. son and heir 
of Wm. le Twyer, of the king in capita, as of the hon. of Alb. a mess, called le Twyer, with its appurtenances 
in Preston, 30 acres of arable, 8 acres meadow, with its appurts. by fealty and service, 2s. per ann. for all 
service; and she held of the heirs aforesaid, of the king in capite, as of the honor aforesaid, r2d. per ann. for 
all services, for a certain separate place called le Poller 60 acres. 20 E. III. Robert Twyer had free warren 

" Cart. 144. 44. also 144. 50. Mid. Bail. '' Penes Constable, Catfoss. 

"^Inq. P. M. vol. l,p. 188. 



192 PRESTON. 

in Twyer, Poller, and Gansted.. Alaa Fitz Oubem, (quere Hubert) it will be seen, founded St. Sepulchre!. 
Hubert received Twyer from the grant of Wm. le Gross, as above stated, and the family of Twyer being 
allowed to be patrons of that hospital, afifords room for conjecture, that Oubern may be a mistake for Hubert. 
The Twyer family resided here until they removed, at an early period after the purchase, to Gansted ; the family 
expired in two heiresses, as will be seen in the following table of descent. 

TWYER, FROM THE SUBSEQUENT PURCHASE, CALLED OF GANSTED. 

From Dr. Burton's East-Rulmg Pedigrees, in the Librarij, Viirlon Constable: uil/i additions from authtntic sources. 
* daughter of ■ " 





K 




J-\4^^ 


V-4* 




_. .__ , died 1304, .ippears by an inquisition of_ Alice, daughter of Sir John Risom, km. 

thatdate. Heleft lands and tentmenls. valued at ta? i's lid.' ''-^ "••- "^ -" "' -' * ^— 

besides reprisals-thera nors, Twyer, Poller. Wimted, Froth- 
insham, Paul, Fleet, Gansted, and land in Ottringham. 



illiim de la Twier, died 8 E III per Holdcmcsi Inq. No. 18, aged 14 years on St. Gregory's Day, 32 Edw. I.^I.ucy, dtr of Sir Adam Waiineys, knight. 



Sir "William de la Twier, living II Edw. HI. then a witness to a- rant. = Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Adam Frismarsh. 
Thomas Hildyard= Sir Robert de ia Twier, kt. died 45 E. HI. Seethe Inq. No. 47.= Agnes, d. of Sir Anselm St. Qu 



Rrten de la Twycr.=Catherine.=Sir Peter Nuttel. Elizabeth.^'William de la Twyer. j 

,11 his lands in Amaid and RistoD. given by Robert bis= Alice, daughter of • • Wyrii 
e to Peter Hllyard. bis son. j 

Cicely, married 'Wm. Brigham ; 2ndly, John Wence- William d-! la Twyer. one of the twenty-one lesquires who^Elinor, dtr. of Sir John Mo 

lagh under whose wJI, died 1 47'2, she was a legatee, testified that Elizabeth, wife of John Holm, was the law- ] ccaux, bv notes in W 

rSiduary with her .on Thos. Wencelagh. ful heir to Sir Edmd. Wastneys. Crosiers hand. 



Constance, dtr. of George Salvin. by Elizabeth his wife,— Robert de la Twier, of Gaunsted.— Clement, dtr. of John Grimsby, Esq. 



Robert de la Twyer. = Agnes, or Elizabeth, dr. 

bywill, dated 1400. I Sir John Cr '- '- 

desires interment | (of Robert I 
in the chapel of St. I by Agnes h 
Sepulcres. Sir Wm. G 



Peter de la Twyer. ,=• • dtr. of Sir de U River. John. William. 

Elizabeth, married Ezekias, second son of Clifton, Com. Not. Jenct, mard. Wm. St. Quinlin, of Ilarswell. lord of Gansted. in right of his wife. 

Robert Le Constable, at his death, held here of the king in capite, ut de honor Albem. a mess, called La 
Twyer, cum pert. 30 acres of arable and 8 acres of meadow, per fidelitatem and per service of 2s. for all services : 
and also, of the king in capite of the same honour, by the service of 12d. a year, separatem pasture of 60 acres, 

" Harl. MS. No. 708, fo. 206. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 193 

called le Poller, for all services. 12th James, Henry, son of John Alured, by his own fealty, held a messuage 
called Tivyer, and 6 closes belonging to it, and 4 closes called Poller. 

Twyer and Poller are both in the parish of Preston, adjoining that of Fledon. Twyers, a small eminence 
so called, was purchased by Charles Whitaker, Esq. of Hull, who built a farm house upon it, now occupied 
by Mr. Fewson, about a quarter of a mile from Iledon. The house and garden adjoin the north side of the 
new road from Hull to Hedon. Poller, now called Pollard, is a house and farm now occupied by Mr. Thos. Leak. 

HOSPITAL OF ST. SEPULCRE.— Early in the reign of King John, Alan Fitz 
Oubern founded an hospital for Lepers, in honor of the Holy Sepulcre. 

The site of it vvas an enclosure of seven acres, being the second close to the left in the parish of Preston, as 
you pass from Hedon to Preston. Here was also a rector, or master, with certain brethren and sisters to pray 
with the Lepers for the soul of their founder, benefactors, and others. The virulent disease which gave rise to 
this, and all similar foundations, was introduced into England in the reign of Henry L and was supposed to 
have been inported from Palestine by the Pilgrimage made thither, or from Syria and Egypt, by the Crusades. 
In addition to its horror, the leprosy was contagious, and the infected were shunned and cut off from society; 
It is said that King Edward IH. drove from the metropolis all the lepers, except 14, who claimed admittance 
into the Hospital of St Giles. Deeply impressed with the misery of such pitiable objects, the above Alan 
founded this asylum, which served the two-fold purposes of giving every comfort their condition would admit 
of, and securing others also from so loathsome a distemper. A charter of King Edward IE. confirms and 
enumerates the following grants of lands to this hospital ; the translation is condensed for the sake of brevity. 
The confirmation which Kichatd, son of Alan, son of Oubern, made to God and the lepers of the Holy Sepulcre, 

of seven acres of land, which the said Alan his father gave, and whereon the house was founded. 
A grant which the above Richard made of that parcel of Twyer, situated between the hospital and the dyke, 

extending from Redmar to the fleet near Hedon. 
A grant of Adam de Preston, of an oxgang of land in Preston, and of his right and property in Peter Curcy, 

with all his family and chattels, and the toft and edifice inhabited by the said Peter. 
A grant of a sellion of land near the ch. yd. of St. Mary Magdalene [the churchyard of St. Mary Magdalene 

is here alluded to], by Thomas de Lund. 
A grant of 4 acres with their appurts. in Preston, by Robert, son of Simon. 
A grant of half an acre in Preston, by Galfrid, son of Wm. (servientis) of Preston. 
A grant of an oxgang of land in Preston, by Isabel de Rolleston. 
A grant of a sellion in Preston South Field, by Jno. de Stuteville, of Rolleston, in exchange for an annuity of 

26 pence in Hedon. 
A grant of Peter, s. & h. of John de Nuthill, of ;2 acres and 5 perches in Preston, in exchange for 2 acres of 

land in Nuthill. which the master and brethren held of the fee of the said Peter. 
A grant of a sellion in Preston, containing three parts of an acre, by Turstan, the clerk, son of Peter de Preston. 
A grant of Peter Hogg, burgess of Hedon, of 7 acres and 3 stagnas of meadow, called Mickel Land. 
A grant of the said Peter of all th.it parcel of meadow, with its appurts. between a close called Longcroft, and 

another parcel of meadow which the brethren and sisters had of said Peter. 
A grant cf a close called Milncroft, near Headon, with all its dykes and appurts. from Sir John Meaux, kl. 

s. k. h. of Sir Godfrey de Meaux. 
A grant of the release which the above Sir J. Meaux made of an annual rent of 12d. paid to Sir John by the 

hospital, out of a close called Potter Croft, in exchange, &c. &c. 
A grant of two sellions of land in Preston, from Ralph Hawkin, of Preston. 
A grant of the release of all right and claim in 4 acres of arable in Preston, from And. Hawkyn, 

2d2 



194 PRESTON. 

A grant of a parcel of land with a sheep cote on it in Preston Sonth FielJ, from Roger, son of Peter de Lund, 

the clerk. 
A grant of a sellion of land in Livers in Preston, from Sir John Pasmer, of Headon, knt- 
A grant of Matthew, son of Alex. Tunstall, of Tunstall, and of his whole arable and meadow, turbary and 

marsh, which he lately held at Thirkil Bridge, Thormod Grene, and Ingolspole ; and also of 10 acres and 1 

stagn and 20 perches of meadow ; and of a dyke and close held by Hugh, son of Hund, held by Iloceline ; 

and a rent of 18d. yearly of a close where John Talon lived. 
A grant of confirmation of Wra. de Lascells, of Ottringhara, and of a messuage and four oxgangs of land in 

C'oniston, from Kalph Haghen. 
A grant of G perches in breadth of his moor of Redness, &:c. by Geoffry, son of Walter de Redness. 
A grant of Ss. rent, issuing yearly of an oxg. in Ganstead, which Emma holds there for life ; also the reversion 

of the same at her decease, with the whole close and its appurtenances, within and without the village. 
A grant of confirmation of Sayer de Sutton, of an oxgang in Ganstead, with a toft belonging to Simon. 
A grant of an oxgang in Camerington, with a toft and building thereon, by Philip de Langeberge 
A grant of an oxgang and a half in Camerington, with a toft and building thereon, formerly Harold's, by Stephen 

de Camerington. 
A grant of half an oxgang in Camerington, by Robert, son of Stephen, son of Matthew. 

A grant of confirmation of Jane, daur of Gilbert de Belested, of the grant of an o.\gang at Riyhill, SiC. with ex- 
ceptions, !<c. 
A grant of .\mandus de RuJa, s. Si h. of Wm. de Ruda, of a toft and 1 mess, and appnrts. in Ether Jwyke, with 

two other moieties of tofts and an oxgang in the same viU. which the brethren held of Wm. the chaplain, 

son of Knut. 
A grant of confirmation of John, son of Alan Surdeval of a grant of an oxgang, with a toft and appurts. in 

Etherdwyke, from Thomas the Butler of Etherdwyke, and other lands there. 
A grant of confirmation of Wm. de Routh, of a grant of an oxgang. with a toft and building in Etherdwyk, &c. 
A grant of an annual rent of 3s. in an oxgang which Knut held. 
A grant of Hawise, Countess of Albemarle, of her right of property in Alan de Coche, with all his family and 

chattels, and of a toft and an oxgang in Bonwyk, with their appurts. 
A grant of an oxgang of land in Rimswell, called Dudeholme and Gayn, with a toft called Holm, and all dykes 

surrounding it, and the appurts. within and without the village." 

Thomas, son of Adam de Castle, (Skipsea Castle), gave to this hospital a toft in Upton, and 6 acres of land 
in Dringhoe Field, which the brethren afterwards grant in fee farm to Thos. de Upton, at the yearly rent of 
12d. Attested by Thos. de Meaux, Walter de Fauconberg, about the reign of Richd. L Ralph, the master, and 
the brethren of the hospital of St. Sepulcre, grant to Geofi'rey, the chaplain of Frothingham, in fee farm, a toft 
in Mapleton, given to the hospital by W. Robert, at the yearly rent of 3 pence. Attested by Robert, the 
chaplain of Mapleton, Robert Cockerill, of Golden, Simon Stuteville, of Mapleton, 12 John.'' 

Henry, son of Simon de Preston, grants and confirms to the hospital of St. Sepulcre, an oxgang of land, with 
its appurtenances, in the township of Preston, being a perch in breadth, and a toft and a culture to the north 
of the hospital ; and also the court situated to the east of the church of the hospital. He releases also his right 
in an oxgang of land, in the township of Preston, given to the master and brethren by his aunt Izabel Holies- 
ton, when a widow; and also in the oxgang given by John, her son; and in the third part of another oxgang, 
given by the said John, Attested by Geoffrey de Sproatley, Wm. de Flinton, Ralph de Lelley.'^ Henry de 

» Thus far Sir Wm. Dugdale, Mon. Ang. 1 vol. p. 418. '' B. C. Lib. indorsed Antiquities, pp. 82, 112. 

= Evidences in the Council Chamber of Kingstou-upon-HuIl, endorsed 1564, p. 61. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 195 

Headon, burgess of Ileadon, gives to the hospital of St. Sepulcre 4d. yearly, out of a close ia the parish of St. 
Nicholas, within the town of Headon, in exchange for a rent of ^d. out of a tenement of Merton le Mercer, of 
Headon. Attested by Sir John Pasraer, kuight ; Steven, son of John de Headon ; Henry Tailour, then bailiff 
of Headon ;" Ralph, son and heir of Thos. de Lelley, of Gousill, releases to this hospital all his right in two 
closes of Peter Skylling, for the term of 43 years, one called Waldercroft, in the part of Headon called Wine- 
gate; and the other situated without the dyke of Headon, towards the church of St. Mary Magdalen, on con- 
dition that the master, brethren, &c. shall pray for the soul of Thos. Lelley, and of Margaret, his wife, once a 
year, on Friday after Michaelmas day. Dated at Headon, in Cathedra St'i Petri, 1737.'' By an indenture of 
covenant, dated at St. Sepulchere's, llh Feb. 1388, between Eobt. de la Twyer, Esq. and Adam the rector 
with the brethren and sisters of the said hospital. It appears that the above lazar-house or hospital was 
founded by the ancestors of the said Robt. in virtue of which he was acknowledged to be the patron of it, and 
to have a right to present a man or a woman, whole or infirm, to be provided for therein, if the object of his 
choice be a priest, or below that order, he shall, nevertheless, dine at the table and sleep in the dormitory of 
the lay brethren, and wear the same apparel ; and on the decease or removal of such person, the above Robert, 
or his heirs, shall present another in succession for ever. It further appears, that the hospital was under obli- 
gation to receive any inflicted object allied to Robt. de la Twyer, within the fourth degree of blood, and 
sufficiently to provide for him. That the hospital reserved the election of a rector to themselves, but would 
present him to the said Robt.' for his confirmation. This indenture recites a prior one nearly to the same 
eflfect, made between Sir Wm. de la Twyr, knight, and master Peter, the rector, bearing date at St. Sepulchre's, 
4 ides of July, 1256. In addition to provisions made in the former it is mutually agreed in the latter, that if 
any person be accused of dilapidating the goods of the hospital, whether a master, a brother, or a sister, and be 
not corrected within fifteen days after complaint made to the rector, it shall then be lawful for the hospital to 
remove or expell the party so offending, 

Witnesses to the first indenture, dated 125G . — That illustrious man, William de Fortibus, Earle of Albe- 
marle ; Sir Robt. Daniel, knight, steward to the Earl, Sir Adam de St. Martin, knight ; Sir Simon Vere, knight ; 
Sir Wm. Constable, knight ; Henry de Cesthunt, the sheriflf, (vice comite) ; Simon de Preston ; Walter de 
Pyckering ; Wm. de Lund ; John de Nuttyll ; Stephen Pasmer ; Martin de Otringham ; Roland de la Twyer ; 
Steven Fitzjohn ; Richd. de Frishmarsh, rector of ; and Steven Headon. — Witnesses to the second inden- 
ture, dated 1388:— Sir John Constable, of Halsham, knight; Sir Robt. Hilton, of Swine, knight; Sir Gerard 
de Lund, of Preston, knight ; Wra. Holm, of Holme ; Peter Nuttyil, of Riston ; John Ingram, of Preston ; 
Robt. de Gouxhill, of Burstwick, &c. 

Bulls of privileges and immunities from the Popes ; — Pope Gregory, by a bull, dated 1 1th of his Pontificate 
exonerated all the lands of this hospital from the payment of all ty thes whatsoever, under penalty of excommu- 
nication. — Pope Clement, by a bull, dated at Vienna, 6th of his Pontificate, confirms all the grants made to 
the above hospital, and recites an orchard and a culture of land given to it by Fulco de Oyry, unnoticed in the 
charter of confirmation of Edward II. 

In the scutage for the year 1359, the master of the hospital answered for 37 sh. 6d. 

The following is a free translation of a grant of a share and sisterhood by the master and society of the 
hospital of the Holy Sepulchre, near Iledon, to Alice Grygby, of Preston, dated at the hospital, on the feast 
of St. Andrew, 1352. 

To all to whom. Sec. The master of the Holy Sepulchre and the united brothers and sisters of the same 
place, greeting in the Lord. Know ye, that we with our consent and assent, and with the will and assent of 

* Evidences in the Council Chamber of Kingston-upon-HuU, endorsed 1564, p. 885. >> Ibid, 889. 

<= Ibid, 891. 



19(3 



lESTON. 



Dominus Robert our patron, have granted to Alice Grygby, of Preston, one corrody, to be received annually for 
the whole life of Alice herself, that is to say, whenever she chuses, every seven days one loaf of bread of the same 
quality and quantity as the sisters of the same hospital hitherto have been accustomed to take, and two flaggons 
of the same ale as the society have daily at their table in the hall of the same hospital, and one flaggon of the 
second ale; also one chamber in our aforesaid hospital, assigned for her own use. But we, or our successors 
in the payment of the said corrody fail in part, then it will be for the said Alice to destrain at her will until the 
corrody aforesaid, arrears and expences, shall be fully satisfied, &c. In witness. Sec. The convent seal of our 
community is affi.\ed to the present writing, date &c as above. (See the fac simile, the first part gone.) 

Masters or Rectors of Ike Hospital. — 12 John, Master Ralph ; 1256, Master Peter ; Master Alan Grass, 
living 1388 ; 14G8, Ralph Sproatley, living 1478; 11 Sep. 30 H. VIII Silvanus Clifton living. Edmund St. 
Quintin, son of Gervas St. Qiiintin, of Harpham, Esq. was the last master. 

Sir Michael Stanhope, knt. by deed, bearing date 31 July, 1 E. VI. granted a yearly rent of £8. for life, to 
Edward St. Quintin, of Emswell, gentleman, out of lands in St. Sepulchre. The hospital was valued, 26 
H. VIII. at £13. I5s. lOd. per ann. in the whole, or £11. 18s. 4d. in the clear.^ 

A return was also made (inter Beverlacensia) of all the goods of the hospital, which were valued at 
£48. 18s. 6d. and the plate at 95s, 7d.'' The hospital was granted, 7 E. VI. to Robert Constable, Esq. 12 
Jac. Henry Constable, held a capital messuage or site, late the hospital of St. Sepulchre, near Hedon, in 
soccage, and 4 bovates of land called Hildyard's. in Preston, and also a close called Barber Close, of Sir Hen. 
Constable, as of his manor of Burstwicke.'^ 

Over against Sepulchres to the eastward, says Burnsell,'' is a wooden cross, not long since erected in room 
of another wooden one there fallen down, called John of Cuniber's ; it may be it 
should be Gumbald, there being a town about two miles of to the southwards, to 
which this way wands Gumbald Thorne, at which cross they say one of that name 
hanged himself. What he might doe 1 know not, but I think it hath at first been 
placed there as a way mark, for there road waies part, one leading to Hedon, and the 
other to a bridge at the east end of Hedon, and so on by Gumball, then unto Ken- 
ningham, and so through Ottringham ; in which town, though they be not market 
towns, are two stone crosses : and so the way goes on through Riston, on to Patrin- 
ton, which is a market town. 

There is nothing now to indicate the former house, the spot being covered with a 
garden, although a large dike or moat may still be seen. Coins, keys, &c. are occa- 
sionally found in digging ; and a valuable relic, lately discovered, is represented in the above cut ; the legend, 
" The seal of Master Simon, of the house of the blessed Virgin Mary." It is in possession of James Iveson, 
Esq. of Hedon. 




Tanner's Notitia. 



'' Manuscripts of East-Riding. 



SWINE, 



CONTAINING THE HAMLETS OF ARNOLD AND ROWTON, BENNINGHOLME AND FAIRHOLM, 

BURTON CONSTABLE, BILTON, CONISTON, AND ELLERBY; COMPRISING DOWTHORPE, 

PART OF LANGTHORPE, OWBOROUGH AND WOODHALL, GANSTED AND TURMER HALL, 

MARTON, NORTH AND SOUTH SKIRLAUGH, THIRTLEBY AND WYTON. 

WINE, — In Swine, with four berewicks, there are ten carucates of land 
and two oxgangs to be taxed ; land to eight ploughs. This manor was and 
is belonging to the archbishop of York. He has now there, in the demesne, 
one plough and eight villanes, and six bordars, having three ploughs and a 
half. There is a priest with half a plough. There are thirty acres of 
meadow, three miles long and one broad ; value in King Edward's time a 
hundred shilUngs, at present forty shillings. 

Zwine, a river in Germanie, falling into the Germaine 
Ocean in the west of Fomerania, " ubi Swine Ostium ;" and 
within the land a little the towne Zwine" hard by, not far 
from Stetin. The name of this place was, no doubt, given to it by the Saxons ; it 
accords with their practice, in many instances, of giving similar names in England to those 
of places in Germany. The first mesne lords who held the manor of Swine, under the 
archbishops, were the Hiltons, from whom it passed to the Meltons, then to the Darcys, 
and subsequently to the Micklethwaytes, The following pedigrees and notes are illus- 
trative of the connection of these families, and will best explain the descent of the manor 
to the present day. 

PEDIGREE OF HILTON, OF SWINE. 




3 bishupric of=Boaa, dtr. and i 



(2) Alexander, lord of SwiDi 



I Winsted, 1241.= 



Robert de Hilton, ] 




I 12^5. = Joane. 



kt.^Maud, dr. andco-hf 
Lascels. living 
■ indenture; c 
inq. No. 23, 



r of Sir Roger_C5) Sir Robert de Tiliol 
1335, utpatet j3E. II.; paid his - 
;d 17 E. "• .-^-----^-—^ 



lands in Cumberland 6 E. 




(6) Sir Peter de TiUol, kt. gave to Robert Hilton, 
ri|:ht to a croft and toft in Swyne, held by h 
lilda, for life. Dated at Swyne, ^Oth May, 



_ Elizabeth daugh. and 
heir of WUliam de 



The Coat of their Maternal 

ancestors (Lascelle?). 

Argent, three cbaplets, gules. 



Vide Ortelius, fo. 21 ; also his map. 



' Greystoc^— Query. Marirarol, dau„hler cf Sir Ralph. 

r relief of lands. Com. Lincoln, in 1343, 25 E. III. Lord of Sffyne, by partition. inter^Maud, of Campaign, 
himself and John de Sutton, I 



Lilt of I tilda in a charier, d. Constance his wife, 

,1389, 1373. -18 £. III. he one of the dtrs. and 

I, was a knt. in 1332, 16 co-heirs of Sir Thos. 

H. II lordofSwyne Sutton, knt. 18 K. I L 

I and Cativick. (9; 



William, son of Maud, marrici Sir John Con- 
Robert Baron stable, of Halsham ; there 
Hilton of Dur- burled, obiit, 1407 Dods- 



SirRobert Hilton, knt, one of the=Johan Hilton, ut puutur fllia Wm. Constable, grants to Sir 

Roberti Constabl-, by n, p. 10 Robt Hilton. his uncle. and 

Ji-n, 1'.32, leaves Margt. Con- to Sir Robt. his kinsman, 

stabl ■. her brother's daughter, &c. all his lands in Tharle-- 

JL"13. es. 8d. ; bur. in the quire thorp, &c. which M.itilda 

on the north side ; leaves her his mother had for life, 10 

brother, Robt. Constable, ex- H. IV.— Penes Lord Dun- 



' Hildyard ; lega 



The Hiltons, who were lords of this manor, boast a very remote antiquity, tracing their descent from Adam 

de Hilton, who lived in the time of King Athelstan ; this, at least, is according to a manuscript volume of Dr. 

Burton's, in the library of Burton Constable, Surtees, in his History of Durham, gives an account of this 

family, 

(1.) Vide Ridl, Ped, p. 315 ; Burton's East-Riding ped. vol S. p, 124. 

(2.) The Monasticon recites an agreement between him and the prioress of Swyne, in which, upon conditions, 
he grants 9 oxgangs of land to the nuns of the priory. 

(3.) Free warren was granted lo this Robert in his manors of Swyne and Wynestead, 41 H. HI. 

(4.) Sir Robert Hilton gives the manor of Swine, ia special tail, to his son William, and Matilda, (Maud) his 
wife, daur. of Sir Roger Lascelles, by paying a rose yearly. Dated at Swine, 16 E. I. 1288, these being wit- 
nesses — Sir Walter Fauconberg, Sir Herbert St Quintin, Sir Simon Constable, Sir Marmaduke Thwing, Sir 
Ralph Fitzwilliam, Sir Simon Goxhill, Sir William Fauconberg, Sir John Pasmer, Alex. Holme, Peter de 
la Twyer. Seal, the arms of Hilton, -[Cart, 109-38.] 

(5.} Wm. son of Robert and Agnes Squire, of Swine, grant to Robert de Tilleyole, and Matilda his wife, a toft 
and an " acram" in Swine, in consideration of money received in his need. Tested by Sir Herbert St. 
Quintin, Sir Wm. Walcot, Sir Marm. Twing, S;c. Dated at Swine, 21 E. I. 

(6.) Sir Peter de Tiliol, s. & h. of Robert, grants to Robt. his brother, his right to a toft and croft in Swine, 
which were once belonging to R. Squer, and which his mother, Matilda, held for life. Tested by Sir Robt. 
Constable, s & h, of Sir Simon, Sir John Sutton, Will, de la Twyer. Dated at Swine, 20 May, 1821. The 
seal, a lion, rampant, debuised, with a bend. 

(7.) Wm. le Carrett releases to Robert, son of Wm. de Hilton, all the tenements which Robert had of the gift 
of Robert de Carrett, of Ludeburgh, his nephew, in Frilstow, Com, Line. 1308. — Meaux's Chart. 
Stephen, son of Alan de Bilton, grants to Sir Robert Hilton, of Swine, knt. s. & h. of Wm. 2 tofts and half 
an acre of Meadow, in Swine, which were given by Roger, the chaplain, his brother, should Sir Robert die 
S. P. remainder to his mother and her heirs. Tested by Robert Tiliol, Sir Robert Constable, Sir Wm. de 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



199 



IdTwyer, Sir Araandiis de Riida. Dated at Swyne, 1319. The seal, three holy Iambs, saliant; circumscrip- 
tion defaced. 

(8) Sir Robert Hilton, knt. lord of Swine, and Sir Robert, his son, and others, grant to Thomas, son of John 
Constable, of Halsham, and Margaret his wife, dtr. of Sir Thos. Hawley, 2 messuages, &c. This Sir Robt. 
pays Wm. de Zouch, abp. of York, £4. 12s. 2d. pro suo relevo. — Miscel. 101, 51. 

(9) Robert de Hilton., knt. grants to Sir John Constable, of Halsham, knt. and Wra. de Hilton, his brother, 
an annuity out of lands in Colswaynthorp, for their lives, 1378, 2 R. H. dated at Swine. N.B. Hilton often 
seals with 3 chaplets, viz. in a deed to Sir EJwd. Killingwick, kt. and other feofees of his manor of Swyne, 
1392, 16 R. II. 

Memorandum. — Ralph de Erghara, rector of Winestead, acquits Lady Matilda de Hilton, lady of the manor 
of Swyne, of a payment and receipt of 17 marks and 5 for the lirm of his church. Dated at Winestead, 
44 E. III. 13G9. 

(10) Humphrey, duke of Gloster, and his duchess, confirm to Sir Godfrey, knt. for life, their (totum statum) 
in the manors of Swine, 1 1 H. VI. 

(11) Wm Hilton, clerk, grants letters of attorney to deliver seizin of the grant from the Duke of Gloster. 

The manor having thus descended to the Meltons, by the marriage of Sir John Melton, 
knight, with Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir of Sir Robert Hilton, it afterwards passed to 
Geo. Lord Darcy. 

PEDIGREE OF THE MELTONS. 




Henry dc Melton.— 



ley 4 E. II. 
April, 1340 



I archbishop of York, born i 



West Melton : made provost of Bev 
iDd about 1326, finishes the west pari 
Goodwin. He died at Cawood, 2! 



' archbishop, per Inq.^Johan, daugl 



Sir Juhn Melton, 



25 Henry VI. = Margaret, daughter of Roger, Lord Clifford. 



(3) Sir John McUon,! 



. died 36 H. VI. = 1 



r Sir Robt. HilLc 



f Swine, in whose right he v 



John Melton, Esq.^Margery, daughter of Wm. Lord Fitz Hugh, of Ravensworth Castle, Richmondshire.^Sir Marraaduke Constable, per Leeds ped. 2nd t 



preserved by Warburton, 



. 2ndly, Izabel.-Alit 



. pcesented to Aston 24th March. 1539; 



ine and^Cathrine. dtr. of Sir Hugh Hastin-s, knt. of Fenwick, near 
, VIII. I Doncaster, by Ann his wife, dtr. of Sir Wm. Gascoigne. 



Dorothy, married George, Lord Darcy, who made the curious screen in Swine church. 

Said lands in her right, 

(1) Vide Herald's Coll. Vincent 2 B. p. 298. 

(2) The Leeds pedigree adds a daughter to Sir Wm. Melton, who married Lucy, Margaret, wife of John 
Mountney, Esq ; and makes Sir John brother ot Margaret ; Mary, dtr. and co-heir of Sir John Skelton, knt. 
instead of Everingham ; and the next Sir John, who md. Cliftord, to espouse sole heir of Sir John Galeforth. 

(3) Sir John Melton, knt. gave John Melton, Esq. his heir, and Alice, dtr. of Sir John Stanley, knt. 10 mess. 
10 cotts. 4 crofts, and 18 oxgangs of land, in Swine. Dated at Swine, 20th Aug. 1472, a jointure, 12 E. IV: 

VOL. II. 2 E 



200 



Per Leeds. — Johan (sister of Sir John, who married Hilton,) married Sir Henry Everingham ; a 2ad, called 
Elizabeth, to Sir Wm. Mauleverer, knt.— Leeds, 2nd vol. Yorkshire peds. 

The marriage of Dorothy, the heiress of Sir John ISIelton, carried the manor into the 
family of Darcy, of which the followinor is the table of descent : — 

PEDIGREE OF DARCY. 

Norman de Adreci, William ihc Conqueror. = 




Robert deArcy, H. I.= His wife un know 
Thomas de Arcy, H. II.= Adelic 



, King John_Johanna. 



Normain dc i 



, H. III. ; ob. 12C3._lzabeIIa, 2nd daughter and i 
rman Darcy, Baron, E. I. ; ob. 1296.— Kot known 



; steward of the household^Kmelina, heir i 
■land. Ob. 1347. I Lord Heroi 



Sir John Darcy, Baron Darcy and Mevnell, F. 
of London. Ob. 13.^ 

Philip Darcy, knt. Lord 



Meynell.— Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas ( 
I Heton, Bucks. 



Sir John Darcy, Lord Darcy and Me>-nell, IL IV. ob. HlL=Margarel, daughter of Henry, Lord Gray, of WiUon. 

Philip Darcy, Lord Darcy_Alianor, daughter of John Darcv, Lord Darcy,_Jane, daughter of Baron of Graystock. 

and Meynell, H. V. l Lord Fitzhugh. H. VL l 



Sir James StrangTvays-.Elizabeth Darcy. 



1 Darcy. died— Alianor, daughter of Lord Scroope. 



Sir John Conyers, — Alice, ( 



Christopher, Lord Conyers.=Anne, daughter of the Lord Dacres. 

John, Lord Conyers.^ Maud. dtr. of the Lord Clifford, earl of Cumberland. 



Henry Darcy, married Catherine, daughter of John Farmor. 

Catbeiine, dtr. and heir of Henry Darcy, mard. GerTasius, Baron Clifton. 

Catherine, heir of Gcrvaslus Clifton, mard. Esme Steward, duke of Lenoi. 





Lord Fauconberg. 



I SirJno.Laugbton, 
Darcy, baroD, H. VII. H. vnL=Dowsabella, heir of Sir Tempest. 



Sir Arthur Darcy, died a Eliz.=Mary, h. of Sir N. Carew, kt. of thegart* 
Thomas Darcy, Esq .^EUzabeth, daughter and co-heir of Lord Conyers. 



Conyers Darcy, Lord Darcy h Conyers. _Dorothy. dtr. of Sir H. Bcllasls. 





MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



201 









k 


k 


Conyers Darcj, Esii.=Grace Rooiby, d^'ight 


rorT.Rootby.Esq. 


John Alher(on.=Kathrlne. co-heir 


f Lord Conyers 
of John Alherton. 




Cooyers Darcy.^Kalherme Fane, daughter J. 


John Atherlon, Esq.^Anne. 

Sir William Pennyman.= Anne, hsi 



George, Lord Darcy, o. 



ar;.— Dorothy, heir of Melton. 
John, Lord Darcy. ^Agnes, daughter of Babingt. 
Michael Darcy, 



Lefore his father. = Margaret, daughte 



r Thomas Wentw 



Joho, Lord Darcy, d 



ag Charles. =Rosamcmd Frithwide, Isabel Wray, Mary Bellasis, Elizabeth West ; i 



The manor of Swine was part of the jointure to Elizabeth, last and fourth wife of the 
last Lord John Darcy ; the reversion he gave to his sister, and they both sold the manor 
to Joseph Micklethwayte, Esq. M.D. of whom the following is a table of descent : — 
PEDIGREE OF MICKLETHWAYTE. 

John Micklethwayte.— 




John Miciilethwayte, of 1 



^ Magdaline. n 
^|_ 2nd wife; 

1-2 Trinity," 

??■ gate, York 

E in the quirt 

i S JOth Aug. 



r Henry Stanesley. 



^vayte, bom in=Dorothy, daughter o 



Jaques, 1st 
wile.D.JittheHoly 
Trinity. Mickle- 
gnte, York, 1 0th 
Aug. 161 i, in the 



Mark Micklethwayte,^ 



Mai-y. Hannah. 

Elias filicklethwayte, of Marston, mard. Ma 



a legatee in his grandfather's wili. 
f Thomas Lewyng, of Rusholme, which Thos. died 1G26. 



John, buried 



Joseph Micklethwayte, Esq. M.D 
of Swine, in Holderness, justice o 



Pcrcival Levett, 



York. in !6al. 



•apl 

, merchant. ty's. 19th June, 
of John Geldart, 
of York. 



tizod at Trini- 



Joseph, Et. CS, John Micklethwayte, of Swine, Esqr.— Barbara, dtr. of Timothy Middleton, Ann, wife of Th 
1 1 th .■August. barrister of the Inner Temple, and a ofSlanstead, Mountfitchet. in the Dickinson, ol 

1666. justice of the peace ; ob. April, 1660. county cf Essex, Esq. ; died about Kirby Hall. 



Joseph Micklethwayte, Esq.^Conslancc, i 



Kelfield. son and 
Stillington, Esq. 
wife, dr. of Conyei 



parish church of Swine. (Tomb ! 



Lord Shaftesbury came into possession of Swine in November, 1796, on the death of Lady Wood, widow of 
Sir Francis Wood ; her maiden name was Ewer; the last Lord Micklethwayte bequeathed it to the Ewer 
family. William Ewer, Esq. bequeathed it to the present Lord Shaflesbury, then the Hon- Cropley Ashley, in 
case of the death of his younger brother, Thomas ; and of his niece, Lady Wood, without children. Thomas, 



202 SWINE. 

who was not married, survived him only a few months ; the family of Ewer then became extinct. Lord Shaftes- 
bury's grandfather, the third Earl, the author of the Characteristics, married Miss Jane Ewer, who was the 
aunt of William Ewer above-raenlioned ; Lord Shaftesbury's father was the only olTspring of that marriage. 

1672, Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Baron Ashley; created Baron Cooper, of Pawlett, Co. Somerset, and 
Earl of Shaftesbury 23 April, 1672, Lord Chancellor, ob. 1683. 1683, Anthony Ashley Cooper, s. & h. ob. 
1699. 1699, Anthony Ashley Cooper, s. Sc h. ob. 1713. 1713, Anthony Ashley Cooper, s. & h. ob. 1771. 
1771, Anthony Ashley Cooper, s. & h. ob. 1811. 1811, Cropley Ashley Cooper, brother and heir, present 
Earl of Shaftesbury, Baron Ashley, Baron Cooper, and a Baronet, Lord of the manor of Swine. 

Priory of Swine. — ThLs place derives considerable interest from a priory which was 
founded here, accordinoj to Tanner, before the reign of Stephen, by Robert de Verli, and 
dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Erenburgh de Burton is said to have been the founder, 
as well as Sir Alexander Hilton, both of whom will be seen were only benefactors to the 
priory. But different founders are frequently assigned by the monastic writers to the 
same house, not only one, two, or three, but often even a sixth occurring. The fact is, they 
bestowed that appellation not only on the first endower, to whom alone it properly be- 
longed, but also gave it to every great benefactor who either restored the ancient founda- 
tion, after being ruined by fire, or any other calamity, or who made any considerable 
addition to it. The successors of the founders and patrons, or chief founders of the fee, 
are also many times styled founders. In Leland's Collectanea, _/i/H(/a^or originales, and 
fundator modertius, is often met with; even the seals of monasteries were made subservient; 
for sometimes a second, or third founder, is drawn upon the seal praying to the patron 
saint, with an armorial bearing over his head; and sometimes the arms of the house were 
materially changed to take in the arms of a benefactor. In the reign of H. I. there was a 
Hugo de Verli, who gave to John Lascels half a carucate at Swine ;■' and in 1184 one of 
the same name, Hugo de Verli, gave 40s. to the king that he might be quit of his oath in 
a plea of land against Wm. de Ottringham. 5 Henry HI. Robert de Verli grants to 
H. de Poclinton, of Easington, and Margaret his wife, the homage of John de 
Hilton, viz. Ss. per ann. for an oxgang in winter. Another Henry de Verli is men- 
tioned in a subsequent page. From these several circumstances it may be inferred the dc 
Verb's were residents in Holderncss.'' The establishment was for a prioress, and fourteen 
or fifteen nuns, of the Cistercian order ; and no doubt such was the original intention, but 
subsequently it seems to have been of a mixed character, which certainly was not unusual 
at the time referred to. Erenburg de Burton's charter is granted Fratribus and 
Sororibus, and the charter 33 E. I. is Magistro Fratribus Canonicis et Monialibus. In 
Pope Nicholas's taxation, a. d. 1'2[)1, the church of Swine appropriated to the abbey, i-? 
rated at £53. 6s. 8d. and the temporalities of the prioress at £48. per annum. 

Erenhrock. — De Burton's"^ charter to this house, bestowing upon it a curucate of laud in Freisthorp ; Pope 
Alexander's bull, granting to the nuns exemption fromtylhes; and Hugh de Piisac's (Pudsey) charter, as 

" Mid. Bail, " Meaux Chart. ' See Burton Cnnstable. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 203 

treasurer, and archdeacon of York, confirming the grant of the church of Swine by Robert de Verli, are given 
by Duo-dale, with the convention between the nuns and Alexander de Hilton, concerning nine bovates of land 
in Swine. 

The principal benefactors, besides Robt. de Verli, were, Hawise de Surdevile, Peter, son of Anketin, Isabel 
de Spineto, Erenburch de Burton, Richard Long, of Hedon, Gilbert, son of Astin, Walter Skirla%v, bishop of 
Durham. Nicholas de Chawincourt, Richard Holme, Peter de la Hay, Kalph de Amundevil, and Isaac, clerk 
to William, earl of Albemarle, and are as follows : — 

Beningholme, East. — Hawise de Surdeville" gave half an oxgang of land here, with a toft. And in the 
year 1304, 32 E. I. on the 7th June, the dispute concerning this land, between Sir John, son of Amand de 
Routh, and the prioress and convent of Swyne, was then settled, viz. that Sir John yielded the above premises 
to the convent, on condition, that they celebrated an annual obit, for his own soul, and that of Alice and Joan 
his wife. 

Benn'mgliolme, T/'cs^.^— Peter, son of Anketin de Beuningholme, gave all his land in West Benningholme, 
viz. a toft of Alan Scouth, and an oxgang and half of laud, with a small culture, called Storks' nest ; and also 
the homage of Alan Scouth, and of his heirs, and his services due to the grantor for the said lands held then 
by Alan ; the convent paying -ish. yearly to Henry, son of Philip de Beningholme, nephew of the grantor, and 
performing service for all service belonging to an oxgang and a half of land, where 48 carucates make a knt.'s 
fee ; and further quit claiming his rights in the lands of Henry, son of Philip de Benningholme, his nephew. 
The grant attested by Peter de Fauconberg, Saycr de Sutton, Amandus, his son, William, brother of Sayer, 
Sir William Quintin, and others. 

Bilford.' — Brother Robert de Saniford, knt. templar in England, with the consjnt of the chapter in London, 
confirms the grant of two oxgangs of land, with a toft and croft here of the templars, fiee from Isabel de 
Spineto, free of all suit of court. Attested by brother Plenry, Walter, and William, chaplains. 

Dripol Grange — This belonged to the nuns of Swine.'' 

Dowthorpe.^— Roger de Richel gave, with his corpse, eight sellions of land here, with meadow appertaining, 
and three sellions of his culture in the east part of Dowthorpe, for the benefit of his own soul, and of the souls 
of his ancestors, and that of Herbert St. Quintin. Attested by Peter, brother to the grantor, a canon (canonico) 
of Swine, and by Stephen and Allan, chaplains. 

Fricstingthorpe (Fraislhnrp) in Dickering} — Erenburg de Burton, wife of Ulbert de Constable, gave a 
carucate of land in this place. Attested by Isaac, the clerk, Thorold, priest of St. Nicholas in Beverley, Wm. 
de Kaiton, Wm. Ilalther, &c. 

Headon.^ — Richard Long, of Headon, gave an annual rent of r2d. out of his land in Ileadun, situated be- 
tween the land of Robert, son of Hildegard, and that of Thos. Dimbledum ; and also the reversion of the said 
laud, in free burgage, on the decease of his wife, who shall hold the said lands while she shall live in a lay 
habit. Attested by Ralph, master of the hospital of St. Sepulcres, Benedict, the chaplain of * '' * Elias, the 
chaplain of Newton. 

Stephen de Alost'' gave here two oxgangs of land, sometime held of him by Thos. Warm, with a toft which 
Norman, son of Tole, sometime held, discharged from all secular service. Attested by Wm. de Cawthorpi 
Ingram de Boynton, Richard de Monceaux. This in Fraisthorp. 

Holme on Spaldin^moor.' — The prioress of Appleton, near York, gave here in exchange six oxgangs of 

* Copies of Charters, in the possession of Sir C. Constable, vol. 1, p. 10. •> Original Grants, ibid, 

bundle 4, No. 23. Hand fair, seal lost. ' Ibid, bdle. 22, No. .55. d Burt. Mon. p. 253. 

' Orig. Grants, bdle. 11, No. 17. ' Dug. Mon. v. 1, p. 834. e Orig. Grants, bdle. 23, No. 52, a 

fair hand. " Orig. Grants, bdle. 12, No. 22. ' Copies of Charters, Sir C. C. vol. 1, p. 23. 



204 sw:ne. 

land, excepted of the grant of Walter de Percy, for 6ix oxgangs in the same place, given to the convent of 
Swine by the prior and convent of Bridlington, and which the said priory had of the gift of the above Walter 
de Percy. 

Lantliorp Grange^ in the parish of Smine. — This place belonged to the convent at the dissolution. 

Lunde on the H'olds} — The priory had pasture here, with the wood, called Gunthorpe, in the parish. 

Jiiston.'— GWhett, son of Aslin, quit claimed an oxgang of land and half a toft here, and the homage and 
service of Cicilia his sister, and an annual rent of -Id. issuing out of eight acres of land, and out of another 
moiety of a toft which the said Cicilia held in Riston ; all which premises the convent had of the gift of Aston 
and Agnes, father and mother of Gilbert, free from all secular service. Attested by Sir Anselm St. Quintin, 
Sir Wm. St. Quintin, Simon Preston, and others. 

Skir/aiv. —By an inquisition,'^ held 3 H. IV. 1402, it was found not to be prejudicial if the king should 
grant license to Walter Skirlaw, bishop of Durham, to give a messuage, value Is. yearly, and two tofts, each 
worth 4d. per ann. and twenty-four acres of land, each worth 3d. per ann. and eleven acres of meadow, each 
acre valued at 5d. per ann. in this place, to the prioress and convent of Swine. The said bp.« by will, bearing 
date 1404, proved 21st April, 1406, left to Dame Johan, his sister, prioress here, £40. and one of his best silver 
cups, gilded, with the cover ; and £100. to the convent here, on condition that they should, for ever, perform 
an annual obit. ; and on the day of his death shall pay yearly to each sister and nun there 4d, and to the 
prioress 8d. and to the chaplains and clerk of the parish church Gs. 8d. 

Sutton. — The convent had thirty-seven acres of land in the Dales and within the Ings of this township, as 
appears by the deed of king Henry VIII. to Sir Richd. Gresham. 

Smine.' — Robert de Verli gave the church of St. Mary in this place, which grant was confirmed by Hugh de 
Pudsey, treasurer of the church of St. Peter's, York, and archdeacon of the East-Riding. 

Nicholas de Chawincourts gave his lands here, viz. half a carucate, which he had of the gift of Reginald 
Styrke, the convent paying a reserved rent of 6sh. yearly. Attested by Baldwin de Betun, earl of Albemarl, 
Philip de Langebary, then senescall, Walter de Fauconberg, Amandus, the Butler, Adam de Thorn, Sayer de 
Sutton, John de St. Quintin, Simon de Skefling, Robert de Fribois, Ranulph, the sheriff. 

Thomas de Riston'> gave half an oxgang of land more out of the same tenement he held of the convent of 
Sw ine, and the reversion of the other half whenever he should be received into the priory, dead or alive. 
Attested by Wm. the chaplain, Richard, the deacon, Master Robert Ileadon, Alan, the monk, of Ilessil, Kobt. 
the provost. 

Thorp.'— IMph de Amundaville, with the consent of Ralph and Roger, his heirs, gave his mill here, with 
the scite, dam, &c. together with the cultura of Thorp, as well as of his demesne as of his men (hominum), 
providing also that no other mill should be there erected by him or his heirs. He further gave them a toft, 
as much as belonged to an oxgang of land, exonerating the whole from secular service ; the convent paying 
yearly a mark of silver. Also a yearly rent of 10s. 4d. and a rent of 20d. per ann. issuing out of a mill in 
his demesne, at Preston in Craven, on condition that the convent would receive his daughter as a nun. At- 
tested by Stephen de Marfleet, Hugh de Fribois, Ralph and Roger, sons of Wm. Garton, and Henry Fitzwain. 
H'ilslhorp,' near Bridlin//ton. — IsaViC, the clerk of William, earl of Albemarle, gave one carucate of land 
here. 

IVolberff, or Trolhur(;, (now Oii-hrovijh.)'^ — The convent had the grange at this place. 

" Burt. Mon. p. 2.i3. '' Ibid. -^^ Oiig. Grants, bdle. 14, No. 10. <> Burt. Mon. p. 253. 

" Reg. Consistory Court, Yk. p. 307. endorsed H. Bowett. ' Burt. Mon. p. 253. i. Dug. Mon. 

vol. 1, pp. 834-5. " Orig.Grants, bdle. 21. No. 43. Hand small, very fair. ' Oi\~. Grants, bdle, 

21, No. 45. ■* Ibid, bdle. 21, No. 71, small hand and fair. " Burt. Mon. p. 255. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 205 

It was agreed between MauJ, prioress of Swine, and Alexander Hilton, knt." who gave the nuns 9 plough 
lands at S%vine, that in case be should die in the year of our lord 1211, or in the year following, then 3 of the 
said 9 plough lands should return to his heirs ; and if he should depart this life in the third year, then six of 
the plough lauds to return to his heirs, after the expiration of the term named in the instrument between them, 
free from all incumbrances ; and provided the said Alexander should preserve them harmless during the 
aforesaid three years. According to the contents of the writing, they were to return to his heirs the deed of 
feofment he had made them, and the aforesaid lands, with others, after the term of six years ; and if the said 
Alexander should happen to die within the then last years, and his heirs should not secure to them the manor 
of Swine, with the lands of Ottringham, the said heirs should make good to them all damages within these 
three years. 

The Granges belonging to the priory were, Benuingholme, Bewholme, Drypool, Fairholme, Langthorpe, 
and Owbrough.'' 

The follovcing extract, from the Archbishop's Register, relative to a dispute between 
the nuns and parishioners, shews the church and monastic buildings to have been destroyed 
by fire prior to 1308 : — " Contention about a little building on the north side of the parish 
church of Swine, between the nuns and parishioners. The parish says it was always a 
portion of the church, and is called North Croft, and there was an altar of St. Andrew ; 
and token the priory of Swine was burnt, the parishioners lent the nuns the room to lay 
their wool in." The division between Waghen and Swyne is stated to be from •' Segges- 
holme as far as the beach tree which Henry de Verley cut down on Brauncesholme, and 
from the middle of Snoresholme on the bank of the river Hull, to the Earl's Ditch, but is 
now worn away." Dugdale's Monasticon, Tanner's Notitia, Burton's Monasticon, and 
Thompson's History of Swine, having detailed the principal events relating to the priory, 
it only remains to give a short account of its position at the dissolution. In the New 
Monasticon is an account of the receipts and payments, with the rents of land 
belonging to the priory. On the 26 H. VHI. the revenues appear to be rated at 
£134. 6s. Oid. gross income, and the produce of the rents was £82. 3s. gjd. 
PRIORESSES OF SWINE,'= 

1230 — Maud occurs as prioress ; she vacated her office by resignation. 

4 Kal. Oct. — Gundreda. 

1290.— Cecilia de Walkington ; she vacated her office by resignation. 

Josiana de Anelagby, or Anglathby succeeded, who, in 1303, had license, on account of ill health, to absent 
herself from the monastery. A little scandal, also, appears to have been attached to her character. 

1308 — Joanna de Mowbray succeeded ; on account of infirmity she resigned. 

Juliana de Anlagby succeeded, probably, as the next prioress ; she resigned in 1320. 

Matilda Wade ; she resigned. 

Mar. 4, 1482. — Johanna Kelk; she received the Archbishop's confirmation. Died. 

Dec. 22, 1498.— Beatrice Low. 

Sep. 23, 1506.— Cecilia Eland. 

Mar. 8, 1520.— Elenor Dene. 

" Burt. Mon. p. 255. '' See p. 389, vol. ) . = New Monasticon. 



206 



Dorothy Kniglit, the last prioress, daughter of Edward Kniglit, of South Duffield, in the county of York, 
by Margaret Gascoigne his wife; she had a pension of £13. 6s. 8d. per annum, after the surrender, which she 
enjoyed in the year 1553. 

Feod. — Fee of John Wood, clerk of the court of all the lordships and manors belonging to the said late priory, 
granted to him in consideration of being auditor, &c. at pleasure, £13. Is. 

Annuities. — Vs^m. Escryk, chaplain, £\. ; Leonard Beckwith, Esq. £2.; Wm. Bapthorpe, £1. 6s. 8d. ; 
Marmaduke Fau.ve, £4.— £1 1. 6s. 8d. 

Pensions.— liorolhy Knyghte," £6. 13s. -Id. ; Alice Smyth, £3. 6s. 8d. ; Eliz. Clefton, £3. 6s. 8d. ; Mar- 
garetWhitefeld, £3. ; Eliz. Thome. £3. ; B.irbara Pulley, £2. 13s. 4d. ; Eliz. Clytheroe,£2. 13s. 4d. ; Isabella 
Jenkynson, £2. ISs. 4d. ; Martha Barlele, £2. 6s. 8d. ; Eliz. Arte, £2. 6s. 8d. ; Eliz. Grymston, £2. 6s. 8d. ; 
Eliz. Elysley, £2. 6s. 8J. ; Dorothy Stapleton, £2. ; Cicily Sewall, £2. ; Mary Bank, £2. ; Dorothy Thom- 
lynson, £2. ; Elyz. Tyas, £2. ; Alice Nicholson, £2. ; Eliz. Patryk, £2.'' 

On the 31st September, 31 H. VIII. the priory was sur- 
rendered, but there are no subscriptions to it. An impres- 
sion of the common seal of the priory, on red wax, is attached 
to the surrender, which is still remaining in the augmentation 
office ; it is oval, representing the Virgin crowned, sitting, and 
having in her lap the infant Jesus ; in a niche underneath, is a I 
nun praying. The inscription is, " S. Prioris See. Marie de | 
Swina." 



SWINE PRIORY.— The account of the estates beloii^^ing to Swine at the 
dissolution of religious houses, which, with those of Fountains and Nunkeel- 
ing, were sold to Richard Gresham, knt. by King Henry VIII. taken from 
the original conveyance, penes Mr. Messenger, bearing date 1st October, in the 
31st year of his reign, (1541.) 

All the house, site, church, bells and cimiterium of Swine priory, with all the houses, buildings, dovecotes, 
orchards with le Pighteff, and a house called T'ep house, the pasture called the 30 acres, and 10 acres of arable 
land in Cote dale, 3 acres et dimid. super et juxta ITumki/ns, 5 acres and ^ in Lez Tossebute. 21 acres in Fell- 
dale, 7 acres in Le Keldale, 5 acres in Little Butts, 10 acres & 5 juxta Chery croft side, 1 1 acres and 5 super et 
juxta Kyrkelandes, lli acres juxta le Fosse, 9 acres the same field, 3 acres and J subtus H'llow Myre, 4 and 
1 acres apud Fossebridge, 1 1 acres apud le .furlong de Fossebridge, 16 acres subtus Hilburge hedge, 17 acres 
between the Moorgate and Conyston gate, 5 acres called HumlijJis, 26 acres apud Iloylaneend, 3 acres juxta 
Villam de Swyne, 22 acres apud Uppehouse Garth End, 20 acres called the Fallows in Mylne field subtus 
Swyne, 4 acres called the Fallow super Hamkyns, 20 acres apud Conyston Beke, 7 acres juxta le Thorne, 17 
acres in Cosmandale, 8 acres in le Combenocke, 27 acres in Foxom, 5 acres in le West field apud le Wraye- 
butts, 11 acres apud les West Welles, 37 acres apud le Carr Side, 8 acres super le Broomhill; together with 
118 acres of meadow in Less dales, in the field called Town Inge, 9 acres of meadow in le Ileighte, all in the 
Parish of Swyne, with pasturage for 60 avena in the common pasture, between the vill of Swyne and Swyne 
Fields; and pasturage for 20 sheep 4 avena called Lez Half gate, in the common pasture called West Carre in 
the same parish, and also Drypool Grange, with all that belonged it in the parishes of Swynne and Sutton, with 
enclosure and pasture called Le Pighteff et 11 acres of meadow; Wolburge Grange, with its appurtenances in 

" Vide Supra. •* New Mcnasticon. 




MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 207 

Swine parish, with 24 acres of arable land in le little field called Est Lees, and 100 acres of pasture in the 
West field, one close of meadow and pasture called Twyres, containing 6 acres, 10 acres of pasture in le Mylne 
Dyke, 4 acres of pasture in Horse Close and Hynt herd, 5 acres of pasture in the new close, 8 acres pasture in 
the More Close in Worburge, in the parish of Swyne, with 37 acres in Lez Dales, in Sutton Inge, in Sutton 
parish, all the pasture and wood and soil of the wood called Gunhethorp, (or Gunnetheep) in the parish of 
Lounde, super le Wolde, with the mess, and grange of Larabthorpe, in Swine parish ; together with all the 
lands, possessions, &c. in Holme, super Spalding Moor ; pasturage for 50 sheep, and for other cattle without 
stint, in Summergang, in Swyne parish ; all to be enjoyed iu the full and ample manner as the late prioress 
had 'em before the dissolution. 

There were, says Dr. Burton, in reference to the above grant, 802 acres and a half of arable land iu Swine 
parish, 144 acres meadow, 127 acres of pasture, besides that called Thirty Acres and Pightaff; with pasturage 
for 64 head of cattle and 20 sheep, and for .50 sheep and cattle >vithout stint in Summer Enge, all without the 
parish of Swine ; besides 7 acres of meadow in the dales, in Sutton Ingh. 

The manuscripts, entitled " Tenures in Yorkshire,"' in the library of Burton Constable, set forth, that there 
was another sale, in the 38th year of H. VHI to Sir Eichard Gresham, of the whole of the rectory of Swine, 
with all its appurtenances in Swyne, Conyston, and Gansted, with all the tythes in North Skirlaw, Rowton, 
Wyton, Constable Burton, Thirkleby, and Marton, to be held de rege in capite, per knt service. In 1 Queen 
Mary, a.d. 1553, the queen granted the town and grange of Bewholme, or Benehall, part of the possessions of 
the priory of Sveyne, to John Constable, to be held de rege in capite, per knt. service. In the 3rd Philip and 
Mary, the queen granted lo Sir John Constable, knt, the site of this monastery, with the appurtenances in the 
town and fields of Swine, to be held in capite by knt. service. It would appear singular, that the property 
granted in the time of the queen's fiither to Gresham should have so soon again reverted to the crown ; but it 
appears, that a commission having been issued to sell certain manors, messuages, &c. the site of Swine is 
described as parcel of Ihe possessions of the lite RicJmrd Gresham, hnt. Inj exclmnge, in the hands of the 
queen's majesty. Value in a farm of the whole site, with all the houses and buildings belonging to the same 
manor ; together with the lands, meadows, and pastures, within the vill. and field of Swine, called the Demeyne 
Londes of the said late monastery, containing 572 acres ; a parcel of land, called Ganstede in Holmes, the 
whole of the grange called Wolbrughe Grange, with all the lands, tenements, meadows, and pastures belonging 
to the same, containing by estimation 297 acres ; and pastures and pasturage for 500 sheep, and for all other 
beasts without number, in Somergames. And, also, 37 acres of meadow, lying in Sutton Ings, S^c. Sec." 

Church of Swine. — Robert de Verli gave the Church of St. Mary, of this place, 
which was confirmed by Hugh de Puseaco, (Pudsey) treasurer of St. Peter's, York, and 
archdeacon of the East-Riding, and to the same was appropriated, and a vicar endowed 
on the 8th January, 1538, 29 H. VIII. This portion ot the vicarage of this parish 
church was made by the charter of Dorothy, prioress and convent of Swine, who 
granted to Richard Wright, then vicar of Swine, and his successors for ever, the usual 
mansion house of the rectory, commonly called the Guest Hall,'' nigh the monastery, 
together with the garden adjoining ; also an annuity of twenty marks, payable quarterly, 
out of the oblations and fruits of the church ; also herbage for two of the vicar's horses 

•» Mr. Thompson, in his History of Swine, (see the addenda, p. 269,) has given a rental of Swine, to which 
the reader is referred. ^ The Guest Hall is now occupied by Mr. Walgate, farmer. 

VOL. Ilj 2 F 



208 



yearly in the summer time, to run from the feast of the Invention of the Holy Cross, to 
the feast of St. Michael, with deliverance of sufficient fodder for the same horses into the 
vicar's stable, &c. On the 10th of August, a. d. 1410, 10 Henry IV., the day of the 
dedication of this church of Swine, was translated from the 7th August, (on account of the 
harvest time) to the Sunday next before the feast of St. Margaret, the blessed virgin and 
martyr, and then to be celebrated every year with the greatest solemnity. — Torfs East- 
Riding, p. 14.^9- 

LIST OF INCUMBENTS. 



Instituted 




6 Nones July 


1323 


16 Cal. March 


I33G 


3 Ides March 


-39 


2.jth February 


1355 


3rd February 


1151 


25th July 


—55 


25th November 


-66 


21st April 


1183 


Cth February 


1519 


2Qd July 


1521 


25th May 


1536 


3rd December 


—40 


15th October 


-54 


Jth August 


1558 


9th May 


—72 


12th February 


-79 


18th May 


1592 


29th March 


1599 



yacaled by 



Fr. John Haitfield, can. dom. dt 
Swyne 

Dus. Rd. de Hasthorpe, Cap. 

Frat. John de Norton, professoi 
dom. de Swyne 

Fr. SymondeSunderlandwic, pro- 
fessor, ibid. 

Dns. Thos. North, Pres. 

Dns. Stephen Hellard, Presb. 

Dns. Thos. Waghen, Pres. 

Dns. John White, Pr. 

Dus. Hob. or Reg.Otringham,Cap 

Dns. Robt. Sympson, Presb. 

Dns. W. Newton, Pres. 

Dns. Rd. Wright, Pres. 

Dns. Robert Rede, Cap. 

Dns. Thos. Souyth, CI. 

John Yedon (Mackley) 

Christr. Mashley, CI. 

Tbos. Foreman, CI. 

W. Crosse, CI. 

John Wilkinson, CI 



1625 Francis Cooke, CI. B.A. 



Prioress and Convent of 
Swyne 



1668 John Burton, Clerk, A.M. adm 

A.D. of Cleveland, 2nd July. 

I 1685; collr. to Sutton Forest. 



the same 

the same 

the same 

the same 

the same 

the same 

the same 

the same 

the same 

the same 

Sir John Gresham, knt. 

the same 

the same 

Ann Gresh.im, vidua 

Thos. Read, Esq. 

Edmd. Trafford, Esqr. 
uxor Com. Lancr. and 
Matilda Read, or Mil- 
dred his wife 

Chas. I. Rex, Bridget 
Stankat, a minor, his 
ward 

Cession 



Resig. 
Mort. 



Resig. 
the same 
the same 
Mort. 
the same 
the same 
Resig, 
Ihe same 
Deprivation 
Mort. 
the same 
the same 
the same 
the same 
the same 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



209 



Instituted. 


Incumbents. 


Patro?is. 


Vacated by 






13th April, -89, which he ex- 










changed next year for Wiggin- 










ton ; he was lapse (Torr's Min- 










ster. 730,) A.D. in 1690, Arch- 










bishop by lapse 






nth May 


1670 


George Bew, M.A. 


Leicester, Visct. Hereford 




4th June 


1681 


Joshua Goodhall 
George Young 


Anth. Thornton, gent. 


Resig. 


25th July 


1692 


Wm. Duglass, M.A. 


Phillip Wilkinson, of 
Hull, merchant, guar- 
dian of W. Thornton. 


Death 


10th May 


1604 


Thos. Meas, M.A. 


Will. Thornton 


Resig. 


1 Ith April 


1699 


Francis Newardira 


Will. Thornton de Cox- 
wold 
Ann Tadraan, widow 


the same 


4th June 


1705 


John Moorhouse, A.B. 


Death 


•20th June 


1740 


Geo. Groundrell 


John Moorhouse, by the 
testamentary trustees 
of John Moorhouse, a 
minor, viz. B. Morritt, 
of York, and William 
Burton, of Hotham' 
Esq, 


the same 


17th December 


1766 


Wm. Stead 


the same, trustees of Jno. 
Moorhouse. 


the same 


5th July 


1776 


Matthew Williamson 


Mary Bramley, of Wig- 
ton, late Moorhouse 


the same 


16th December 


1824 


Robert Jlilne 


Wm. Wilberforce, Esq. 


Deprivation 






Richard Lythe 


the same 


Present Incumbent. 



The church is returned as capable of holding a congregation of five hundred persons; 
the net income at £102. ; and the Earl of Shaftesbury lay impropriator. 

Testamentary Bdrials.— 18 Feb. 141 1, Ann, wifeof Robt. Brig, of Benningholme Grange, m. w. p. 3 Feb. 
1411, her soul to God, St. Mary, and all saints ; to be buried in the church. Ult. Feb. 1413, Sir Peter de 
Bukton, knt. Lord of Buckton, m. w. p. 14 March ; in the quire. AVed. ante concess Beate M. 1429, Isabel 
Salvain, widow, m. w. p. soul ut supra, body in the quire. 22 Dec. 1431, Sir Robert Hylton, kt. m. w. p. 
soul ut supra, body south side church. 5 Aug. 1432, Johan, late wife R. Hilton, Swine, m. w. p. 10 Jan. 
1432 ; body to be buried on the north side near the quire door in church. 13 June, 1479, Wm. Squire, Skir 
law, m. w. p. 10 July, soul ut supra, body in the eh. 9 Feb. 1503, Thomas Hedon, of Marton, gent. m. w. p. 
3 June, body in the sanctuary." 10 March, 1520, Nicholas Elston, m. w. p. 14 May, to the gild of St, Peter, 



Torr's York Minster, p. 1460. 



210 SWINE. 

6s. 8(1., to the Lady gilJ, 6s. 8J. to his ghostly father, Mas. Robert Cunningham, priest, 6s, 8d. 7 April, 
1521, Richard Dunn, of Benningham, m. w. p. 24 May, gives his soul as above, and his body to be buried in 
the church, before the image of our Lady of Piety, in Swine ch. the ch. warden for ravyng the ground, 6s. 8d. 
the best thing he has for his mortuary, to the sacrament for tythes, 3s, 4d. to the Kirlt Wabler, Gs. 8d. to the 
Lady Gild, Ss. 4d. Lady chapel do. to a cross making in Benningholme, 12d. Swine Abbey, 6s. 8d. to Mast. 
Roger Buck, 12d. for his labor for redyng of the portion of the Testament besyde his coste, 12d. 29 Aug. 
1529, John Sprake, parson of Levyn, by w. d. soul ut supra, body in the abbey, best beast for a mortuary, to 
the lady prioress for her recompense of charges he put her to in his sickness, 20sh. to ditto, and her sisters, to 
be prayed for, 203h. witnessed by Master Wm. Newton, vicar of Swine.' 16 April, 1526, John Routh, of 
Conington, m. w. p. 17 Oct. supra, body within the sanctuary of our blessed lady, St. Mary, of Swyne, best 
beast for a mortaary, to the bye altar for forgotten tythes 6d, the kirk for his grave, 12d. to the town's causey 
a bushel of wheat. Sec. Ult Sep. 1537, Wm. liedon, of Marton, gent. m. w. p. 21 May, in the church, as 
near to his brother in-law, W. Thorp, as may be. 22 Nov. 1558, Wm. St. Quintin, of Skirley, m. w. p. 12 
Jany. 1559, in the church of our blessed lady. 15 April, 1567, Brian Catteral, of Langthorp, gent, m. w. p. 
18 June, body in church near his stall 28 July 1565, Thomas St. Quintin, of Ganstead, gent. m. w. p. 27 
Sep. in the church. 1 1 March, 1571 , John St. Quintin, of Ganstead, Esq. ra. w, p. 23 April, 1 572, churchyard 
near his ancestors. 1 1 July, 1574, Thos. Headon, of Marton, gent. m. w. p. 22 July, in the church. 23 Oct. 
1586, Robert Headon, of Ganstead, gent. m. w. p. 15 Deo. in tlie church. 2 March, 1591, Thos. Forman, 
vicar of swine, m. w. p. 4 June, 92, church.'' 

In the will of the above Nicholas Elston, 6s. 8d. is left l,j the Gild of St. Peter, auJ (is. 8d. to that of the 
Virgin Mary, from which it would appear there were two religious gilds in the churcli of Swine- A grant, of 
which tlie following is a translation, shews there were funds for support of that dedicated to the Virgin Mary, 
and it also agrees with a memorandum among the M.S.S. at I'.. C. that, " there was a house and garth on the 
east end of the church at Swine made a gild." 

John Melton, of Aston, in the county of York, knt. and to the praise and glory of God and the blessed Virgin 
Mary, by these presents gives to John Gere, Step- Ketchene, Peter Snaith, and John Gere, procurators of the 
gild of the said Mary the Virgin, in the church of Swine, one parcel of land with the building, nine ells (L'lnas) 
in length, and five ells in breadth, between the garden of the said John on the east, and the churchyard on the 
west, to have to them and their successors for ever ; paying •5d. viz. at the principal feasts of the five feasts of 
the said Mary the Virgin, one penny ; and at the feast of the dedication of the church aforesaid, one half- penny , 
and grants also an annual rental of 6s. issuing out of a tenement in Swyne, which Walter Willflete held, to have 
for the term of life of the sjid John Melton, 'provided, &c. and should the said payment of 5^d. or part thereof, 
be withheld far three days after any feast in it which ought to be paid, or if the said procurators, or their suc- 
cessors, should elect or promote any presbyter, to celebrate for the said gild in the church, without the assent 
or consent of the said John Melton, or his heirs, then it shall be lawful for him to re-enter into the parcel of 
land, and rental of 6s. and to hold the same, any former statute to the contrary notwithstanding. In witness 
whereof these are witnesses— John Dalkin, John Mountney, gents. Wm. Aumond, Henry Walkare, John Yoele, 
and others. Given at Swine, 12 day of May, and 21 Edw. IV. (1480.) 

The Old Priory Church of St. Mary was of cruciform shape, the tower ami east 
end remaining as seen in the plate. (Dade's, 1 784.) This tower, which was originally the 
centre of the building, was supported by four lofty circular arches, with three zig-zag 
mouldings, rising one upon the other, resting upon pillars of the same description as those 

" The last three M.S. B. C, Lib. " Torr's York Minster, p. 1161, et sequcns. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 211 

remaining. The tower was remarkably massive ; and from the disproportion of its height 
to its bulk, seems not to have been raised to the elevation first intended. The tower of 
the present Jabric was built in 1787) and is a well-proportioned modern substitution of 
three stages, with angle butresses, finishing with a battlement of a plain pinnacle at each 
corner, with a clock facing the east. The nave of the present church was the chancel of 
the old one, to which side aisles have been added at a later period. This nave is sup- 
plied with the original lancet-shaped clerestory windows, and a string course like a row 
of small shields, which form the cornice under the battlements. On the south side is a 
porch, two square- headed windows, and a depressed pointed window of two lights, and 
another of three lights, trefoiled, at the east end of the aisle, blocked up. Under this last 
is a small low room, now used as a vestry, with a square-headed window of two lights. 
The window at the east end is pointed, and of considerable dimensions ; but the roof 
having formerly been higher, the tracery and part of the arch of this window is left stand- 
ing, as it were, by itself above the rest, (see j)Iate). It is of seven lights, with cinque- 
foil heads, and bold tracery, but is now blocked up. At the east end of the north aisle 
is a mutilated window, which gives light to the Lord's chapel : there are two corbel heads 
placed above it, being used as common stones during some reparation. On the north 
side the aisle are four modern square-headed windows, of two lights, and a pointed door- 
way nearest the west end. Interior. — The aisles are divided from the nave by four 
pointed arches resting on massive circular pillars, with large square capitals, having a sort 
of engrailed carving around them. The pillars measure Q\ feet from the base to the caps ; 
the sweep of the second and third arches, on the north, is embellished with zig-zag 
ornaments, each of a difl"erent pattern. The pulpit is placed near the chancel, in the 
centre of the nave, erected, as appears from the date, in lGl!l. The roof is open to the 
timbers. There are sixteen ancient seats placed in front and on each side the pulpit, 
with seats to turn up, having grotesque carvings under them f they have backs, with a 
place for the head. The chancel is the same height and width as the nave ; there is no 
chancel arch. At the east end of the chancel are two brackets. In the south east corner 
is an aumbry, with a door ; also a stone seat under a window, which is blocked up on the 
south side. The altar is raised on three steps ; the Lord's Prayer and Belief under the 
east window. A modern font under the tower.'' The gallery, at the west end, built in 
17'2'2, as appears by the inscription . the royal arms are placed above it. There is a 
curious old iron chest in the vestry, with massive lid and lock, the inside of which is 
elaborately carved, and has the initials J. M. 

^ Similar to those in Beverley minster. The original establishment was for a prioress and fourteen or fifteen 
nuns, for whom these seats were no doubt designed. ' There is an inscription — " This steeple was re-built in 

1787 ; Sir Fras. Wood, bart. Mr. David Liddell, Mr. Henry Raines, and Mr. Wm. Garton, churchwardens. 



212 SWINE. 

The Hilton or Lord's Chapel. — The Hilton chapel is separated from the chancel on 
the north side by strong iron bars.'' The entrance to this chapel is from the north aisle, 
through a richly carved oak screen, now greatly dilapidated, with nearly the whole of the 
inscriptions, shields, &c. destroyed. The only one remaining, as mentioned in the follow- 
ing statement, is charged with a fleur de lis, for Hilton of Hilton. 

Among the Warburton Papers, dated Swine, Sept. 1665, Lansdown Collection, No. 894, British Museum, 
from which the following extracts are made, there are two rude sketches of the two figures on the south side of 
the church ; and under the sketch of the woman, " In quodam Fornice muri Australis in Altera parte ejusdem 
ecclesiae ; under the sketch of the man, " Super Tumulum marmoreura prostratura ubi effigies armati cumnore 
ejus in limine oenea cernitur." There are also three rude sketches of the alabaster monuments ; these sketches 
shew, that at that time, these figures were not then mutilated, except the figure of the man, under whom it is 

written, " Jter Chorum et Alan Boreslem Tumulus Hilton Militis;" under the woman, "Ibidem 

Tumulus Hilton et uxor ejus." Above the single figure on the north wall, " In Aquitorari parte ecclesia 

juxta murum Tumulus Hilton." Upon the frieze of the skreen which severeth a chapel, called the 

Lord's Chapel, at the east end of the north aisle, and north side of quire, were divers scotcheons cut in wood, 
now defaced or torn away, with this inscription over them — 

Ista Subtus sculpta sunt Arma domini Thomae 
Domini de Darcie et heredum suorum et 
Finitum est hoc opus tempore D'ni Geo. Darcy 
Militis filii et heredis Domini Thomx Darcy, l.'JSI. 
Below, upon the .same skreen, is this cut in wood — " Orate pro Animabus Domini Thomae Biwater Capellani 
hujus Cantaria: beata Marise et Omnium aliorum Capelanos tarn prcteritorum quam Futurorum." In the east 
window of the church, 3 chaplets. 

In 1652, next the north wall, at the east end of the north isle, in part of the chancel, a decent monument of 
alabaster ; on the top thereof the effigies of a man, armed cap-a-pee, 
neck piece adorned with a coat of mail. On his breast, quarterly — 
1st. Argent, three chaplets de roses, gu. pierced, or. 2nd. Barry 
of three, in centre of fleur de lis.— Sir Robt Hilton. 3rd as 2nd ; 
■4th as last. .And on the fore lap of his coat— Argent, three chaplets, 
gules. Under his head an helmet ; and on it, at the end, an eagle's 
head in a coronet.'' At the west end of this monumant, onascotcheon 
— .■\rgent, three chaplets, gu. supported with angels. On the south 
b side, three escotch. ; colours worn out. At the east end, one 

escotch., all supported as above; but the scotch, nor charges not in sculpture; the colours are goDe.« 

= Warburton, in 1652, says, some of the bars Vfere embezzled ; since his time many more have disappeared ; 
it is said that an unworthy son of Vulcan, who derived more pleasure at the neighbouring ale house, than at 
his forge, used, when short of the needful, to repair to the church, regardless of the sacrilege, and take away a 
bar or two, as might suit his wants at the time ; the church being, it is presumed, without churchwardens. 

" For Lascelles. "^ For Hilton, of Hilton. " This monument is about three feet high, and is 

yet in fair condition ; the feet rest on a lion. On the knight's frontlet there has been an inscription, but it is 
now too much worn to be made out. 

" A single figure on the north side, called Sir Robert Hilton, has a conical basenet, with a wreath or frontlet 
inscribed ; a neck piece of mail, but no collar of SS ; a surcoat over a mail shirt, on which is, quarterly — 





MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



21; 




The next, in the east end of the north aisle, a fair grave stone, and on it two pictures of brass ; one of a man, 
John Melton, Esq. ; the other of a woman, his wife, Margerie, daughter of Wm. Lord Fitzhugh. 

In the south side of this north isle, betwixt it and the chancel, two fair monuments ^ 
of alabaster, lately defended with grates of iron ; now, some of the bars embezzled. At 
the west end of the westernmost of these two monuments^ — Three chaplets, nowed gules. 
(Sec page %\1.) Westermost scotch, on the north side— First westernmost not insculped; 
charge worn out. 2nd. Barry of six, or and az. — Constable. 3rd. 

On the west side, none. On the south side, 1,2, 3, all supported with angels. On the 
top stone thereof two monuments. First, the effigies of a man, armed cap a-pee ; on his 
breast — Argent, three chaplets, gu. His helmet and cognizance as before. 2nd. Effigies 
of a woman= 

Easternmost monument, two pictures. Argent, three chaplets, 

gul. for the effigies of the man. West end, two escotcheons. 1st. 

two lions passant. 2nd. Argent, on a bend, sable, three mullets. 

Effigies of a woman, a chief indented. On the south side — 1st. 

Two bars B. 2nd. Ar. a cross pattee (party, gu. (Query, Moline.) 

3rd. Barry of six, or, and B. — Constable. On the east end — 1st. 

Argent, three chaplets, gu. 2nd. For the man, gone, obliterate. 

On the south side — 1st. Gules, three Lucies hariault, A. — Lucie 
or Percy. 2nd. A griffin segrant. 3rd. A, three chaplets, gu. There are two copies of these inscriptions, &c. 
in the Warburton Papers ; one taken in 1652, the other 1665. The latter date is the one from which these 
extracts are made. The former has these additional observations :~Uuderneath the inscriptions hath been 



AAAA 



Three chaplets, and three bars, with a fleur de lis. His thighs, and legs, and feet, in plate armour ; has had 
a eword and dagger by his side ; his head rests on a griffin, or eagle's head, his feet on a lion. On the dado of 
the monument are three shields, supported by angels on the south side ; and another shield at its E. and W. ends. 

'' This monument has three blank shields, supported by angels, on its north and south sides. The effigies 
of another knt. and lady.— The knight has a conical head piece, with a rich coronet 01 wreath round it, a 
mailed neck piece, with a collar of SS ; on the surcoat, over his mail shirt, are three chaplets ; he has an 
ornamental belt, his thighs, legs, and feet, in plate armour, spurred ; his feet rest on a lion, his head on griffin 
or eagle's head, in a coronet ; remains of a sword. The lady is in a long gown, with a belt or sash ; has a 
breast pin; collars of gown turned down, shewing a necklace and pendant. She has a flat head dress, and her 
hair arranged on one side. Her head rests on a cushion ; her feet on two dof s. 

" Maud, the daughter of Sir Robt. Hilton (see ped.), married Sir John Constable, of Halsham, where she 
was buried. The arms are thus accounted for as being here introduced. 

" The effigies of a knight and lady. The knight has a basnet or head piece, a neck piece of mail, a coat of 
mail, over which is a surcoat charged with three chaplets, an ornamented belt, plated leg and thigh armour 
spurred, the remains of a sword by his side, and a small chain on his breast for holding a dagger or bu^le. 
The lady has a close head dress and gown ; her feet rest on a dog, her head on a cushion. The knight's feet 
rest on a lion's head, on a coronet. At the east end, or dado of the table, there has been two shields : one is 
gone; the other, three chaplets. On the north side, two shields: one a cross moline; the other, two bars. 
On the south side, two shields : a lion debruised by a bend— Sutton ; and three Lucies haurient. At the 
end. an arched recess or niche, with what appears to be the remains of a figure. Also, two shield 
passant ; the other, a bend, charged with three mullets. 



west 
one a lion 



214 SWINE. 

thirteen escotch. of arms borne by the Lord Darcie. One left : Azure, a fleur de lis, or. The rest, as this 




been, coloured upon wooden scotch, and, by a loop on each of their backs, hung on hooks yet remaining on 
the partition. The others all gone. In the south wall lies an ancient gravestone ; on the north side thereof 
are four scotch, uncharged. On the top of the monument two portraitures : first, of a lusty man armed cap-a-pee, 
under his head a helmet, for cognizance a lion's head erazed, gules; second, of a comely woman, Who they 
were none can state.= 

There is now also a brick tomb, to Mickletbwaytes, with a large slab of white-veined marble. Arms, on a 
fess, a crescent between three elephant's heads, erased ; impaling (see ped). Here lyes the body of Ann Foim- 
tain, daughter of John Micklethwayte, of Swine, in the county of York, Esq. and widow of Harrington Foun- 
tain, of Lincoln's Inn, Esq. She departed this hfe at Beverley, in the 47th year of her age, a.d, 1700. 

In the chancel is a floor stone, with the indents of brasses, round its edge the remains of a legend " Hie 
jacet .... qui obiit die Mensis Junii .... p'picit amen." This stone was brought from under the old tower, 
when the present one was erected ; there was a large thigh bone found under it. The following paving stones 
in chancel — R. Brigham, s. of Ralph and Ann Brigham, b. 31 Aug. 1703, d. May 5, 1723. Ralph Brigham, 
d. 23 Nov. 1735, cet. 60 years. R. Harrison, Esq. of Wyton, d. 9 June, 1828, jet. 53 years ; Frederick, his 
son, July, 1823, st. 4 yrs. In middle aisle— In memory of John Raines, steward in the family of Burton 
Constable 50 years, d. 16 Jan. 1806, ;ct. 68 ; also Mary, mother of the above, d- Feb. 27, 1773, a.>t. 66. 



' Dionisia married, as seen in the pedigree. Sir Wm. Hilton, of Durham, a co-heir of Sir \Vm. Felton, whose 
arms were two lions passant, on the eastermost monument. 

^ There is a female figure seen kneeling, under a small, pointed, ornamental arch, on the end stone at the 
head of the eastermost knight; two small shields are here represented above the head of the female, Felton, 
as above, and Salvain, a bend, sable, three mullets. ' Melton, see pedigree. 

'' Joan de Lucie, sister of Thomas, Lord Lucie, was married to a Melton, and had a son. Sir Wm. de Melton, 
knt. who was the right heir of the Maude de Lucie who settled her vast property on her second husband, Henrie 
de Percie, Earl of Northumberland, on the condition that the Percies should henceforward bear quarterly tlie 
arms of Lucie, G. three Lucies hauriaut. ar. These arms are placed on tlie south side of the eastermost 
monuments. — (Thompson.) 

" In the south aisle, under a low archway, nearly hidden by the backs of pews, and beneath one of the win- 
dows, are two effigies of stone, on a low table monument, the side whereof has plain shields within quatrefoil 
pannels. The figures are much mutilated. One is a lady in a long gown, her neck bare, and network head 
dress ; her feet rest on a dog. The man has a basnet, with a mail neck piece for the throat, a coat of mail, 
over which is a surcoat with an ornamented belt. No remains are visible of heraldic bearings on the surcoat. 
His thighs, legs, and feet, in plate armour, with spurs. The arms are broken off, and the face quite mutilated. 
His feet rest on a lion. At the back of the archway is a stone, with a monumental cross. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



215 



Saml. Foster, steward to the Earl of Shaftesbury 37 years, d. Oct. 2, 1833, aged 64. In south aisle— Jane 
Burn, dr. of Jno. Carrick, of Coniston, d Sep. 27, 17S6,aged 61. Peter Carrick, farmer, Coniston, d. Jan. -1, 
1791, xt. 39; Mary C. his wife, d. Nov. 27, 1811,aet. .51; and Thos. C. son of above d. Dec. 18, 1838, set. 19. 
Peggy, wife of Wm. Hobson, who, on the 4th Dec. 1802, in 40 year of her age, lost her life, prematurely com- 
municating life. Within altar rails — Rev. Wm. Steed, vicar of Swine nine years, J. 3 Jan. 1776, tet. 6u, 
There are four bells. The church-yard is a little elevated. 

On the 1 8th March, 182G, a roaian urn, containing between 14 and 1500 copper coins, 
was found by some boys, who were playing, in a field recently ploughed, in the occupa- 
tion of Mr James Megson, near the earth-works just alluded to. They were in a high 
state of preservation : the urn which contained them was unfortunately destroyed, and the 
coins got into the hands of many individuals. Some, however, were preserved by Mr. 
Heselton, master of the free school in Swine. He describes them as being very carefully 
placed on their edges ; and for their more effectual preservation, as he supposes, there 
appeared to have been some unctious matter poured upon them. Those which were not 
covered with the matter, or, as he thinks, made of spurious metal, were corroded with 
rust, and easily mouldered away by the least friction of the finger and thumb. Some of 
these coins were presented by Mr. Heselton to the Society of Antiquaries, in 1829- He 
has many still remaining in his possession, they consist of twenty-four in number, viz. : — 

One of Constantinus, A.D. 31 1 to A.D. 337. 06rerit— Constantinvs P.P. AVG. Constantinus Pius Felix Augus- 
tus. Laureated bust of Constantinus, with coat of mail. /?t;i:ei-4t'— SOLI. INVICTO. COMITI. The sun wearing 
the pallium standing ; his right hand elevated, his left holding a globe. In the exergue, M.LON. (Mo.ieta 
Londinensis.) 

One of Flavia Helena, mother to Constantine the Great. Obverse— FL. HELENA AVGVSTA. Flavia Helena 
Augusta. Bust of the Empress to the right. Reverse— S'ECY'RITAS REIPVBLICE. Security of the State. 
Peace, with an olive branch in her hand, pointing downwards. In the exergue, STRE. 

Three of Constantine. 06i,-(;Me— CONSTANTINYS MAX. AVG. Constantinus Maximus Augustus. Reverse 
—GLORIA EXERCITVS. PLO. in the exergue. 

Three of Crispus, A.D. 317 to A.D. 326. Obverse -Flavius Julius Crispus Nobilissiraus Crcsar. FL. IVL. 
CRISPUS NOB. CAES. A laureated bust of Crispus, with the paludamentum. ifei-ersf— PROVIDENTIA 
CAES. Providentia Cajsarum. The gate of a camp ; above, a star. In the exergue, P LON. 

Three of Fausta, A.D. 307 to A.D. 326. Obverse— VhkN. MAX. FAV3TA. AVG. Flavia Maxima Fausta 
Augusta. Bust of the Empress to the right. 7?ei-ei-se— SALS. REIPVBLICAE. Safety of the Republic. A 
woman standing, holding a child on each arm. In the exergue, P.LON. 

One of Constantinus. A.D. 311 to A.D. 337. OircMe- CONSTANTINVS. AVG. Constantinus Augustus. 
Helmet bust of Constantinus, with a coat of mail. /?ei'i'r»e— BEATA. TRANQVILLITAS. A quadrangular 
altar, supporting a globe, over which are three stars. On the front of the altar VOTIS. XX. In the exergue, 
P.LON. 

Three Coins First. 06Mr«e— URBS. Helmeted and mailed bust. /^raerse-A wolf suckling two infants. 

Above, two stars. In the exergue (supposed) CONS Second. 06i;eMe— ****** *TINOPOLIS. Reverse— 

Third. .A silver coin. 06i-ec.se— Inscription defaced. A laureated head. Reverse — Votis »••* 

MVLTIS »*•*. 

Nine of Flavius Constantinus Maximus Augustus, (same as No. 3, only the difference is in the exergue) that 

great ornament of Britain, struck at Constantinople, as learnt from the letters in the exergue. This coin, inscribed 

Gloria Exercitus, to please the soldiery, who, at that time, not the Emperor, managed the empire. Obverse — 

VOL. II. 2 G 



216 SWINE. 

CONSTANTINYS MAX. AVG. Laureatcd head and mailed bust. TFereric— GLORIA EXERCITVS. In the 
exergue, CONS. (Supposed minted at Constantinople.) 

One of CONSTANTINYS. The head to the left ; and differs from No. 3 and 8." 

Curiosity is naturally excited at the cause of the great number of coins of the Romans, 
which are found in such abundance. In regard to such coins as are discovered enclosed 
in vessels and buried in the earth, it has been supposed that it was a usual practice with 
the Romans to hoard their money in such a situation, and the following two lines of 
Horace are adduced in support of the proposition. 

Quid juvat immensum te argenti pondus et auri 

Furtim de fossa timidum deponere terra? — Sat. Lib. 1. Sat. I. 

Among the military it seems likely that the method of burying money would be pursued 
in general, for as the Roman forces were paid in copper money, called, therefore, 2Es 
Militare, a service of any duration would occasion such an accumulation of this ponderous 
coin as could not be carried about by the soldier in his numerous marches ; the surest 
method, therefore, would be to deposit it in a spot known only to himself ; but as it 
frequently happened that these veterans died before they had an opportunity of revisiting 
their hoards, the knowledge of them would be necessarily lost with their owners ; they 
would continue in the place where they were originally deposited, until accident or 
curiosity again brought them to light.'' 

These coins, deposited in the urn just alluded to, were found near the site of the supposed 
Roman road which Drake has laid down in his map as leading from Spurn Point to Stam- 
ford Brigg, &c., and at no great distance from the earth works described by Mr. Thompson, 
and as the statement of their outline, which was given some 16 years ago, may ofler a 
more correct description than one subsequently taken, as the operations of husbandry, and 
the alterations which are continually occurring on the surface, render these works every 
succeeding year less prominent ; indeed they have already nearly disappeared ; it is given 
in his own words :' — " In the north-west part of the township of Swine, at the distance of 
about a mile from the church, are various marks of the site of a Roman encampment. In 
an enclosure of about ten acres, there are double ramparts of three hundred yards 
in length, varying in height from two to five yards. The two ramparts are parallel to 
each other, and the width of the fosse between them is at present from ten to fourteen 
yards. Much earth has been thrown from the ramparts into the fosse, and the other fosse 
is filled up nearly to a level with the adjacent ground. Both the ramparts and fosses 
appear to have been originally of very large dimensions. The ramparts have been in 

' These coins were compared with the descriptions given in a valuable little work of Mr. Ackerman's," Coins 
of the Romans," and were found exactly to answer such descriptions, which are therefore followed. As they 
are still in Mr. Ilcselton's possession, he would, no doubt, readily shew them to the curious. 

'' Brewer's Introduction. ' Thompson's Hist. Swine. 










C cic 



^m. ^^1%' 







MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 217 

many parts cut down by the spade, and have been several times ploughed downward from 
the ridges, and have thus been greatly reduced in height within the recollection of many 
persons in the neighbourhood. The ramparts extend from the west end of the enclosure 
eastward about two hundred yards, and then turn northwards to the extremity of the 
enclosure, and join a wide ditch, which has the appearance of having been a fosse, on the 
north side of the camp. The fosse, or ditch, is now a public drain, for the purpose of 
bringing the water from the higher lands into the larger drains, which carry it through the 
marshes to the river Hull. There are several visible openings or low places in the 
ramparts, where the gates may have been placed. In and around this enclosure there are 
various appearances which seem to indicate that this camp was a standing camp, or C'asfra 
Stativa, where an army remained for some time, and not for the summer or winter only. 
On the rising grounds were several large hills, which are now reduced by much labour as 
low as the ramparts , and in other adjoining enclosures, when carefully examined, marks 
of military occupation may be discovered." As Mr. Geo. Roos, and one of his labourers, 
were ploughing in one of his car closes, near the above earth works, much deeper than 
usual, for the purpose of turning up a little clay to mix with the vegetable soil on the 
surface, the plough came in contact with some oaken piles, which it may not be an 
improper conjecture to suppose, were driven for the purpose of foundations for a bridge, 
to be in a direct line from the earth works above-mentioned, to another, upon an eminence 
about two hundred yards distance ; these piles were about 3^ feet in length, and about 
•2{ in circumference ; they were well pointed and sound.'' Upwards of seventy were found ; 
they are alluded to by Mr. Thompson, p. 216, as likely to have formed a bridge across 
the narrow part of the creek, to a minor camp on the other side of it, which he describes 
as in Benningholrae, in the parish of Swine, about four hundred yards distant. 

Roman camps, says General Roy, were of two kinds, Castra 2Estiva and Castra 
Hyherna. The first were such as they occupied in summer, when the armies were in 
the field ; and the last were in the towns already built to their hands, which they took 
possession of ; or such as they themselves raised in proper situations, and fortified, for 
the purpose of quartering their troops in winter. The Castra ^-Estiva were likewise of 
two sorts, namely, those they occupied from day to day on a march, where they made no 
stay, or at least but a short halt ; these were called temporary camps, or simply Castra, 
having only a weak intrenchment, generally thrown up in a hurry ; the ditch being about 
8 ft. broad and 6 ft. deep, with a parapet behind it four or five feet in height. The other 
were such as the reasons of war made it necessary for the Romans to continue in for a 
considerable space of time together, and perhaps even to make use of again and again. 
These were Castra Stativa, as being of a more lasting nature, having a broader and 
" Thompson, p. 214, 21G. t) y.x information Mr. Heseltou. 

2g2 



deeper ditch, and a rampart proportionably stronger. The temporary camps were of 
larger dimensions, commonly containing the whole army. The Castra Stativa seem to 
have been generally, though perhaps not always, of much smaller extent ; the army being 
probahlij then divided info several bodies posted in particular situations, which the nature 
of the country, and the circumstances of affairs, pointed out to the Romans as places 
proper to occupy, and where they kept garrison both summer and winter. In process of 
time many of these camps became fixed stations or towns, and might then be ranked among 
the number of Hyberna. The smaller sort of these Castra Stativa were termed Castella, 
answering in a great degree to the field forts and redoubts made use of by modern armies. 
Polybius has furnished the best account of the composition of the legion ; and the numbers 
whereof a consular army consisted, and is likewise more full and explicit in the article of 
their castrametation than any other ancient author we know of." Upon making a com- 
parison with Mr. Thompson's description of the outline of the earth works and these 
extracts, it would almost seem to be a correct conclusion, that these works were the 
remains of a Roman encampment. But, upon a close investigation of the subject, it 
appears, that gentleman, relying too much upon Vigetius, has been led into error in his 
conclusions. This may have been assisted also by the entire omission of Polybius of the 
names, position, and number of the gates ; and owing to which, says the same authority 
just quoted, so many disputes have arisen among commentators relative to that point.'' 
It appears that there never existed, correctly speaking, but two regular forms of Roman 
camps, the perfect and the oblong square ; and that the proper Roman camps had only 
four gates, the praetorian, decuman, and two principals," On a reference to the plate of 
the earth works, in Mr. Thompson's work, p. 213, and to the annexed plate, and compar- 
ing the description of the earth work with them, it will be found from the following 
observations, that " there certainly is, in the earth work in question, an appearance of a 
quarter of a Roman camp, with a double vallum ; but that it might be only a Roman 
British settlement is not merely shewn by the remains discovered, but also by its position, 
which is opposite to all the laws of Roman castrametation. It closely adjoins high ground 
to the south, by which ground it was commanded. It was a positive rule, says Hyginus, 
" Ut rcgiones castris subjaceant ne mons castris immineat.'"' 

" Military Antiquities, by Maj. Gen. Roy, p. 41 et sequens. '' Gen. Koy, p. 4.j. 

= Where the armies were larger, and the camps longer, the editor of Hyginus admits that there were some- 
times six gates, viz. two quintan gates, i. e. for ingress and egress to the quintana or market, in addition to the 
four above-mentioned.- Gent.'s Mag. 94, 2. Nov. 1824, p. 425. 

'' The Reviewer, in the Gent.'s Mag. for Nov. 1824, of Mr. Thompson's History of Swine, to whom the 
author is indebted for the above observations, says, with respect to the presumed Roman camp, that his remarks 
are made with the hope that it will tend to remove indistinct ideas concerning Castrametation, which have all 
along prevailed amongst antiquaries, and also to exhibit the causes of this indistinctness. Upon reading these 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 219 

In ploughing the ramparts, various ancient instruments have been found, viz. a small 
instrument called a celt, many more of which were found in this parish." Another curious 
instrument, considered to have been a Roman padlock ; it is of the form of one of 
their bells, i. e. like the modern sheep bell, with a ring at top. On the side it had an 
opening like a key-hole, but longer ; a slit, terminating in a circle. Inside was found a 
key like the modern, but without wards. There might have been a catch within, which 
the key disengaged.'' There have been also found part of a battle-axe, and part of a 
broken spear of brass." 

The village is pleasantly situated : the extent of the whole parish, with the number of 
inhabitants, will be found in the population returns, p. 143. 

The manor consists of 2220a. 2r. 22p., which is co-extensive with the township, and 
the property of the Earl of Shaftesbury, with the exception of about 40 acres, belonging 
to Wm. Wilberforce, Esq., and 13 acres to James Storr, Esq, There are 25 rate-payers, 
and about 16 labourers charged to the rates. Mrs. Lamb, late of Elwell, in the county 
of Surrey, relict of Mr. John Lamb, surgeon, in her life time settled the sum of £200 
3 per cent, consols, as by deed of trust, dated 13th Feb. 1798, the dividend to be applied 
for the education of six poor children of the township of Swine. She appointed the lord 
of the manor for the time being, and the vicar of Swine, trustees of the charity : the divi- 
dends of the stock are paid half yearly, to a schoolmaster, for the purposes intended. 
Mr. Mark Hcselton, who is also the licensed clerk, held the school from 1801 until 
August 1836, who, in a letter to the author, thus expresses himself: — '^ As the church- 
wardens irould not be at the expense of putting up a memorial in the church of the 
above donation, I have, at my own expense, put one up ; and as, perhaps, at my decease, 
it may be taken down, I sincerely hope you will notice it." This trait of gratitude, for 
such a yearly pittance, in the character of this intelligent and respectable old gentleman, 
who resigned in consequence of increasing years, deserves to be recorded. His fondness 
for preserving the relics found in the village has been already alluded to. Swine has 
undergone very little change ; there has neither been a house nor cottage erected in it 
for the last 40 years. The old stump cross seen in the vignette is, perhaps, coeval in 
antiquity with the original Conventual Church : the surface of the base 2 feet square, 
depth of sides 1 foot 6 inches, shaft above the base 2 feet. There is a Wesleyan meeting 
house in the village, built in 1829. 

remarks, some time since, the author of these pages cannot refrain from remarking, that the hints have been 
of real service to himself 

" They were exhibited to the Society of Antiquaries by the late John Cross, Esq. (See Beverlac, v. 1, p. 5. 

^ Gent.'s Mag. 94. 2. p. 427. Now in possession of Mr. Hcselton. ' A plate is given of these several 

instruments, in Thompson's History of Swine. 



220 SWINE. 

Mr. Raines, mentioned in page 214, as buried in Swine church, was a person of con- 
siderable learning and information, which, together with the chief management of the 
extensive property and affairs of the seigniory for half a century, gave him great influence 
in the country in which he lived. He was also a great promoter of the improvements in 
Holderness, and was called upon to take an active part in their progress, having been 
appointed chief commissioner under thirty acts of parliament, for the enclosing and drain- 
ing the district. 

ARNOLD. — Arnestorp, one carucate and a half, is returned in Domesday as a soke of Mapleton." 
Arnold is in the north bailiwick, but, being in the parish of Swine, it is so placed in the 
parochial division. From a remark made in the time of Michael, the eighth abbot of 
Meaux, Wm. de Roos was the chief lord of Arnold in 1-242. 

Walter de Fauconberg, in Kirbj's Inq. is returned as holding lands in Arnald, as well as Robert de Rosse. 
And in the Norn. Vill. Arnald, with its members, is in the hands of Walter de Fauconberg, Nicholas de Red- 
dings, Richard de Thorp, and the abbat of Thornton. The following extracts are taken from the Leiger book 
at Winestead, according to the pages as they succeed each other ; but there is no date to many of the entries. 
Alan Fitz Ellen granted to Peter Hildyurd, and Alice his wife, a messuage here, lying between the messuage of 
Peter Hildyard to the north, and that of Sir ^\'alter Fauconberg to the south ; and also two sellions in Arnall 
east field, and two more in the west field, by the service of one clove gillyflower yearly. Attested about 1296, 
by Walter de Fauconberg (p. 2-1). John de Arnald quit claims to Peter Hildyard half an oxgang, containing 3 
acres, a croft and toft, which he had of the grant of .\mand Surdeville, in this place, in the west field. Tested 
by John Willoughby de Arnald, Thos. Legard, !ec. (p. 25). Richard Arnald granted a croft, with its appurts. to 
Peter Hildyard, and pasture for 100 bidentes, and a piece of turbary, at the rent of a clove gillyflower for all 
services. Tested by Sir Walter Fauconberg, kt. Amand de Ruda, kc. (p. 27). AmanJ de Surdeval grants 
to Peter Hildyard, and Alice his wife, a toft and croft here, which he purchased of Sir Wm. de Ryse, chaplain, 
at the rent of a clove gillyflower for all services. Tested by Sir Simon Constable, who died 21 E. I., Sir John 
Ruth, and Sir John Pasmer, knts, &c. (p. 29). The above Amand granted to Peter Hildyard half a bovate, 
with a toft and croft, in Arnall, and a rental yearly for all services. Tested by Thos. de Legard, about 1296, 
(p. 30). Matthw. de Rubon released to Peter Hildyard, and Alice his wife, all their right of common to two 
oxgs. in Arnall. Tested by Thos. Legard, Alan his son ; d. at Riston, 16 Cal. May, 1293, (p. 35). Hugh, 
son of Robert, de North Skirlju, confirms to Peter Hilyard, and Alice his wife, half an acre of meadow, at the 
rent of a clove gillyflower. Tested by Sir Walter and Sir Jno. Fauconberg, knts. Peter de Twyer, Alan Legard, 
de Riston, &c. (p. 43). John, son of Thos. de North Skirlaw, grants to Peter Hildyard, and Alice his wife, 
half an oxgang of land in Arnald, with common right belonging to it, which he had of the inheritance of 
Matilda his mother (p. -15). Stephen le Carpenter, resident of North Skirlaw, and Avice his wife, dr. of Rob. 
Frere, confirm to Peter Hildyard, and Alice his wife, half an oxgang of land, containing 7 acres, which Peter 
purchased of Hugh Frere, and also 1 acre of meadow, at the rent of a rose yearly. Tested by Sir Walter 
Falconberg and Sir John Seaton, knts. (p. 47). Peter Nuthill, son and heir of John, grants to Peter Hildyard 
a close in Arnall, called Nuthill close, at the rent of a clove gillyflower yearly. Tested by Sir Galliid Gum- 
bald, Sir Jno. Pasmer, &c. (p. 51). Peter, son of Philip Coles, of Arnall, grants to Peter Hildyard, divelUnff 

" The townships of Arnold, Rowton, and North Skirlaw, are situated on the north side of the Lamwath 
Stream, and are in the North Division of Holderness, but principally in the Parish of Swine, and are there- 
fore included in the parochial arrangement. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 221 

in Preston, and Alice his wife, a close with a croft here, at the above rent. Tested by Sir Amand de Ruda, &c. 
(p. 52). Richard, the abbat, with the convent of Meaux, grant to Peter Hiklyard, for his homage and service, 
a toft in Arnald, in 1283, 12 E. I. consisting of three parts of an acre of land, 16 perches and half, at the rent 
of 3sh. yearly. Tested by Sir Jno. Surdevall, Sir Am. de Ruth, Sir Jno. Bilton, knts. (p. 54). Thomas de 
Lampthorp, dwelling in North Scirlake, grants to Peter Hildyard, and Alice his wife, for five years, half an 
acre of meadow, 129(5, in Eskholm Dayles, in consideration of a sum of money given to him in his great need 
(p. 56). Henry, surnaraed the Taylor, of Headou, grants to Peter Hildyard, of Kiston, the whole plot of tur- 
bary in Arnall Car, which he had of the gift of Augustin Dunnington, and which Augustin had from Simon, 
son of Galfiid de Riston, at a penny rent. Tested by Sir Jno. Sutton, Sir Simon Gousel, knts. (p. GG). In 
1336, 10 E. HI. Alice, relict of Peter Hildyard, Esq. confirms to her son Robert, and Alice his wife, daughter 
of Sir Henry Daubiny, the grant of half oxg. in Arnall, with an acre and half of meadow he had of the grant 
of Thos. Lampthorp, and two acres of the grant of Hugh, son of Robert, brother of the lay brother of N. 
Skirlaw, and a toft from Peter, son of Philip Coles, of Arnald, &c. Tested by Sir R. Amcotes, rector of Sealby, 
Wm. de la Twyer, and at Preston on Wednesday next after the Feast of St. Luke (p. 77). On the Feast of 
St. Nicholas, 1341, Peter Hildyard, of Preston, granted to John his brother, and Alice his wife, and heirs, &c. 
his capital mess, in Arnald. Tested by John Monceaux (p. 80) . Wm. de Bilton, of Ottringham, gives to John 
Hildyard, of Arnald, 1 me.ss. in the town of Arnold, on Monday after St. John Baptist, 1357, 31 E. HI. (p. 86.) 
Robert, son of Sir Robert de la Twyer, knt. releases to Peter, son of John Hildyard, all his right in the lands 
and tenements which John Hildyard had of the feofment of the said Sir Rob. Twyer; dated at Riston, on 
Monday after St. Paul's Conversion, 46 E. 111. (p. 90.) Matilda, relict of Peter Hildyard, confirms to her 
son Robert her dower lands and tenements, in Arnall, Riston, Rowton, North Skirlaw, Garton, and Hayton, 
in Yorkshire ; in Normanby, Thelby, Toft, and Newton, in Lincolnshire. Tested by Sir Ino. Constable, of 
Halsham, kt. John Hildyard, clerk, John de Holm ; d. at Arnald, Crast. all Souls, 3 H. IV. (p. 94.) 

It appears, that in the 51 E. HI. Peter Hildyard commenced a suit against the abbat of Meaux, for not 
cleansing of a certain ditch, called Munkedyke, at Arnold and Riston, by reason whereof his meadows and 
pastures were drowned. Whereunto the abbat answered, that he had sufficiently scoured the same; but that 
the said Peter and his tenants, for their better passage with carriages, did fill up the said ditch with limber, 
hay, straw, and dung, so that the water was thereby obstructed in its passage. A jury was therefore sum- 
moned, &c. The pedigree of Scures and Hildyard, given in Riston, is there referred to this place for the 
descent of Peter Hildyard, the younger brother of Robert, and whose family is so often referred to in the 
previous transactions. 

DESCENT OF PETER HILDYARD, OF ARNOLD. 

(Continued from page 341. I'ol. I.J 



Robert.=,Joan Scurcs. 


Peter Hildyard, of Arnold, liting in 1296, as appcars=Alice daughter of Sir John Meaux, of Bewick, knt. widow of Robert Preston; 
grants and charters. 1 J°!;8™=j>»^* Reil™" '° '"''"' '"° ''°'"' °°'' •*""''"' ^'^''' '""' "'"■' "'''• 


Ro.'en„iM,a..,orArna 


id and Preston, and lord of Normanby and Thelby, in Com. Lincoln, in right of his wife.-Alice, dt-. of Sir Henry Daubeney, knt. 


Peter Hildyard, of Pres- 


Thomas Hildyard, John Hildyard, of Arnald and Normanby, grants all his lands=Catharine_ daugh. Richard, living 1,%7. 
an amuTy^ro". p"r annum. Dattd at p'rcsloii! TsM."' 


Peter Hildyard, of Arnald and Normanby.—Malilda, daughter of • • • a widow in 1382; married, secondly, Marmaduke Thwlng ; living 141.'). 


Daughter of • • • Lovell, 
first wife 1 died without 


=Sir Robert Hildyard, lord of Winestead, knt. in right of his second wife,=Isabell, dtr. and co-heir of Sir Robert Hilton, J..hn. 

s?,t";r^f?hf frmiirof'Se^^es".""' '" '^"- '■'°'- ""^ ^'"'" '"- 1 \t^^':\'?! '"'"=■ ^'°^"'^'' '''■ -■ ' """" 


Robert Hildyard, of Winestead, Esq. married in his minority ; lord of Fenwick and Shelbrooke in right of his first wife.=Catharine, one of the four dtrs. and 
Granted the manor of Arnald to his son Robert, and hllen his wife, i6H. VI. for their lives.at the rentof 9s. id. per ann. co.heirsotThos.de a Hay, 1st wf. 

" Leiger book at Winestead, p. 110. " F. 105, Esch. B. C. Lib. 



222 SWINE. 

This pedigree is continued under the head of Winestead, in the South Division. The manor of Arnold, 
which had been so long in possession of this family, continued to them, as seen in the pedigree.^ At what time 
it passed into the hands of the crown has not been ascertained. 34 Eliz. it was granted to Tipper and Darcie, 
to hold as the 7th part of a knt.'s tee.'' The manor, like that of Riston, came into the hands of the Bethell 
family, and is now the property of Richard Bethell, of Rise, Esq. M. P. 

Grants to the abbey of Meaux, 1. R. I. 1189. — Writer Boynton, father of William, and grandfather of 
Ingram de Boynton, hot. of Richd. Arnald, for his service, 2 oxg, in Arnald, which the said Walter gave the 
abbey. Peter, son of Walter, gave the abbey a close in Arnald. 1202, Richard de Arnald gave to the abbey 
2 cultures, and added a third and a close, and exchanged land with the abbey, where Alexander, the 4th abbat, 
built the grange. 12 Jno.. Walter de Fauconberg gave a dike here, which went through the middle of the 
marsh, from the turbary of Melsa, to the land of Anab de Arnold. 1224, Peter, son of Walter de Fauconberg, 
on withholding the 5s. payable out of his will at Collynwyck, granted by Peter, his grandfather, gave 5s. rent 
to buy wine for masses at the feast of the Purification, yearly ; in lieu of this 5s. he afterwards gave two closes 
in Arnald, on the skirts of the grange there. A. D. 1240, Hugh, son of Rd. de Arnald, gave an oxg. of land 
with a croft ; 5 acres of arable, and 4 acres and 8 perches of meadow. Rd. son of Wm. Arnald, gave a sellion 
and 5 acres of arable, and 2 acres and | meadow. Thomas, his son, gave G acres of an oxgang, and 3 acres prati, 
he held here in domain and service, and also the service of the remainder. Master Richaid, (son of Alan de 
Arnall, a native of Peter de Fauconberg) gave of the fee of the above Hugh, 22 acres of arable and 4 of 
meadow, the convent paying 3d. yearly to the said Hugh, Peter de Fauconberg quitclaims them. Edmd., Thos. 
and Philip, sons of Simon le Tailur, of Arnall, gave a bov. land which was their father's, the hom. and serv. 
of which Hugh had given ; and Hugh, son of Rd. de Arnal, confirms all the grants had of his fee, and remitted 
the services of them. He rented 12d. yearly, paid for the sale of the grange at Arnald. Wm. de Roos, chief 
Ld. of that fee, confirms the above grants. Wm. son of Ranulf de Kelk, gave a toft and an oxg. of land which 
he had of Sir Peter de Fauconberg. Rd. Essex, and Maud his wife, gave a toft with a croft. Alan Filz Agues, 
.lohn Fitz Maud, and their wives, gave another croft with a toft, contiguous to a close had of Sir Peter 
Fauconberg, and south of the grange, and gave liberty to enclose the said croft, toft, and close, with a wall and 
ditch, for enlarging the grange. Peter confirms parcels of land in fee farm, (Michael, 8th abbat.) 

Richard, son of Hugo de Arnald, for a sum of money, confirmed to the abbey the grange of Arnold, and 
that they might build a wall from the east part of the grange, and confirms all the lands of his fee in Arnald. 
The said Richard also gave here 2 acres, as exchange for 2 seUions granted him, and two tofts, he paying 3s. 
yearly rent : and dying s. p. the tofts reverted to the abbey. 

The village of Arnold is partly in the ph. of Riston. The principal proprietors in Arnold are, ilr. Bethell, 
Capt. Whitaker, and Mr, Charles Whitaker ; the minor proprietors, Smith, Fewson, AVise, Carr, S^c. Six 
farms belong to Mr. Bethell, three to Mr. Whitaker, one to Mr. Smith ; making ten in the village, five of which 
are in the parish of Riston, and five in Swine. Also, ten cottages, eight in Swine and two in Riston. The 
church rales are paid to each parish respectively, according to the situation of the residence. The township 
consists of about 1 400. There is neither school nor meeting house in the village. It is a long .straggling 
place. 

ROWTON, returned in Domesday (Rugheton,) two carucates, a soke to Aldbrough. The first allusion to 
this place after the Survey is in the Meaux Chartulary, about the year 1182, during the time of Thomas the 
third abbat, when Walter de Fauconberg quit claims two carucates of land in Rowton ; and John de Faucon- 
berg confirms, as well as lands held in Brantingbam and Brough, of his fee, and a coat (Tunicam), or Is. 6d. 

" Leiger Book, at Wmestead, p, 110. " F. lO.J. Esch. B, C. Lib. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 223 

per ann. for the support of a poor man at the convent. About the year 1269, during the administration of Rd. 
the 10th abbat, it is recorded in the same Chartulary, that Matthew de Rovvton, who held two carucates of 
land in Rowton, namely, the whole fee of Rowton, (and this will be seen to agree with the admeasurement in 
Domesday), as of the gift of Simon Rupella for homage, and a rental of 40sh. quit claims for lands in Riston, 
in exchange with the abbey, and a rental of a lb. of pepper ; all this fee in Rowton, of which there are parcels 
in Arnall and South Skirlaugh, and all his tenements in Rowton and Arnall, as well in demesne as in service, 
with his capital mess, in Rowton, with all the liberties and services belonging to the said manor. Matilda, cousin 
of Matthew de Rowton, and niece of Richard, daughler of Laurence de Rowton, gave the abbey 2 bovates of land, 
given to her father by Baldwin de Rowton, her grandfather, the abbey paying her and her heirs 5s. yearly. The 
whole manor of Rowton having thus been ascertained to be in possession of the abbey, continued so till the dis- 
solution ; but to whom it was first re-granted does not appear, the family of Bethell being long in possession of 
it ; the present lord is Rirhd. Bethell, Esq. It consists of about 190 acres. There are only two farm-houses in the 
place; one an old thatched building near the road, and the other a substantial and commodious residence, occu- 
pied by Mr. John Jackson. The manor court is held at Rise. The appearance of the place is a pleasant one. 
BENNIN'GHOLME, called, in Domesday, Benincol, and returned as a soke to Aldborough, containing two 
carucates and five oxgangs, from Ben, a British name, — ing, a fen, — holm, from its situation as part of the 
great level, so subject to inundation : '• as much as to say, tlie fenny or dronne habitation of the posteritie of 
Ben, a Britaine,"'" although, in Domesday, it is called Benincol. 

The first reference to this place is found in the Liber Melsa, about the 12 John, 
when Sir Walter de Fauconberg, Baldwin de Rowton, Richard de Arnald, and Amand 
Botiler (pincerna), freeholders (liberi tencntes) gave permission to the abbat to dig 
twenty feet between Arnold and Beningholme, and to fish and render navigable the 
water which descended from Lamwith, without hindrance or impediment. 

Amand Boliler, also, in the same reign, gave with his body, to the abbey, an o.\-g. and 10 acres of land, all 
FynyehjhoJm, and three tofts in East Beningholm. After his death, Laurence de Rowton married Agnes, 
his wife, who took away, unjustly, the 3 meadows from the land, but afterwards returned them. The Con- 
stables seem to have had early possession here, 40 H. IIL Simon Constable bought lands in this place of 
Galfrid Vernon, which Alice, his relict, released. >* Circa 40 H. IIL he bought the third jiart of Wm. de Verder, 
who married Johan, daur. and co-heir of Juhan Frybois.' 4.5 H. IIL Wm. Verder, of Out-Newton, granted 
to Sir Simon Constable a third of three tofts, and a third of two oxgangs of land, in East Benningholm, which 
the said Wm. and Johan, his wife, inherited on the death of Julian de Frybois, her mother. Attested by Jno. 
Danthorpe, Sir Adam de St. Martin, Sir Galfrid Gurabald, kts. ; John, Lord of Risum, John Buck, Roger 
Lelley, Sec."* 1281, 9 E. I. Kirby returns Simon le Constable, as holding lands (inter alia) in Benningholm. 
13 E. I. the king granted to the said .Simon free warren in all his demesne lands here. 21 E. I. Sir Amand de 
Routh, knt. (by his cyrograph indented,) grants to Sir John Fauconberg, of Skelton, knt and for his life, the 
manor of Benningholm, with its appurts. at the rent of £10 yearly, payable by equal proportions at Pent, and 
Martin. Tested by Randolph, John de Sutton, Wm. de Twyer, &c. at this place, on Thursday next after the 
feast of St. Ambrose.^ In 9 E. II. this vill., with its members, is returned in the Nomina Villarum, as in 
possession of Amand Routh, John Surdeval, Prioress of Swine,' and the Abbat of Thornton. There are few 
occurrences relating to this place which occur up to the period of the dissolution, soon after which, 14 Eliz. 

> Mid. Bail. ^ Cart, 139. 46. ' Mid. Bail. '' Penes Lord Dunbar. 

"^ Penes Mr. Tunstal. ' See Swine Priory. 



224 SWINE. 

JohnneThynne held the manor of Nunkeeling, and lands here as part of the possessions of the abbey, which 
lay in this place. 26 Eliz. Richard Michaelburn held lands here. 

In 1770, Mr. Constable sold 689 acres of land, and 4 farm houses, viz. 3 here and 1 in Fairholme, to Mr. 
Thomas Harrison, then let at £200. per ann. for 60 years purchase, which soon advanced to double that rental. 
A Mr. Harrison is the present lord of the manor, and resides at the Old Hall, which is an ancient building much 
modernized. The grounds surrounding it are not very extensive, but neatly laid out. The Grange, called 
Benninghobne Grange, formerly in possession of the priory of Swine, has still a very ancient window left ; it 
is occupied as a farm house, by Mr. Wm. Piercy. There is another farm house, the residence of Mr. Hop- 
kinson, which also contains another remnant of the olden time, in a splendid window. This house is contiguous 
to the Hall. Anolher farm is occupied by Mr. Wm. Thompson, which, with Fairholme, and 9 cottages, 
make up the hamlet, which contains 1280 acres. 

Fairholme Grange was parcel of the possessions of the priory of Swine, and rated, 26 June, 1557, to Thos. 
Wood. It subsequently came into possession of Marmaduke Langdale, who, at his death, was seized of this 
place, with 60 acres of meadow, and 5 bovates of arable in Arnall. It is in this township, and situated between 
Swine and Wawne, with a considerable quantity of wood about it. 

BURTON CONSTABLE. 

The etymology of Burton, or Borh-ton, has been ah-cady given in p. 264, as the 
metropohs of a tything. As to the word Constabularius, it had various significations, 
(see ped). It was used in England in the reigns of Richard I. and John, as a captain or 
commander ; thus, the lands of Otuel de Sudley were taken into the king's hands, because 
Otuel's knt. was not found in Constabularia sua in the marches of Wales. The lands of 
Eustace de Balliol were seized into the king's hands, because he was not seen at his post, (in 
Constabularia sua) ; and the lands of Robert de Pinkenni, and Wm. Painel, were seized 
tor the same cause. There was a statute made in the 13 year of Rich. II. to declare the 
power of jurisdiction of the constable of England, viz. that he ought to have cognizance of 
contracts touching feats of arms and of war, out of the realm ; and also of such things 
relating to arms or war within the realm, as could not be determined or discussed by the 
common law, &c. " The word Constable" says Blackstone, " is frequently said to be derived 
from the Saxon koning-!>taple, and to signify the support of the king, but as we borrowed 
the name, as well as the office, of constable from the Erench, I am rather inclined to 
deduce it with Sir H. Spelman and Dr. Cowell, from that language, where it is plainly 
derived from the Latin Comes Stabuli, an officer well known in the empire," &c. &c. 

The lordship of Burton Constable is bounded on the east, by the township of West 
Newton ; on the south, by that of Elinton and Sproatley ; and on the north, by the town- 
ship of Marton. 

In the time of the Conqueror, Santri-Burton, for so this place was then called, was part 
of the possessions of the Archbishop of York, and it is accordingly thus surveyed. In 
Saniriburtone five carucates of land to be taxed. Land to five ploughs. One knight has 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 225 

one plough in the demesne thci-e. Soon after the above survey, Burton was distinguished 
by the additional name of Ertiehurgh, from its owner, Ernehurg de Burton. This lady 
was the widow of Gilbert de Alost, and by entering into second nuptials with Ulbert le 
Constable, transferred the manor into her husband's family. (Thomas de Alost, in con- 
sideration of 25 marks, releases unto Robert, son of William Constable, and to his heirs, his 
right in three carucates of land in Erneburg Burton.) Robert Constable gave to the 
abbey of Thornton, in Lincolnshire, a yearly rent of two shillings, in Erneburg Burton.) 
It was from the alliance that the name of Erneburg Burton gradually yielded to that of 
Burton Constable. For many centuries the manor here was held as well in part of the 
Seigniory of Holderness, as of the Archbishop of York. According to the celebrated 
inquest, taken in the year 1281, 9 E. I. by Sir John Kirby, knt. a portion of this lordship 
was included in the two knight's fees holden of the Archbishop of York by the lords of 
Holderness, and which were thus escheated to the crown by the death of Aveline de 
Fortibus, Countess of Albemarle. 

It appears from an inquisition taken at Lambthorp Grange, on tlie Saturday next after Palm Sunday, 22 £. I. 
by Sir William Falconberg and Sir John Garton, knts. that Simon le Constable held immediately of the 
crown, at Constable Burton, a capital messuage, with a dove cote, fish ponds (fossalis), and gardens, worth 
yearly, in all its outgoings, 20sh. and 16 oxgs. of land, in demesne, each oxgang worth 13s. 4d. yearly; and 
5 oxgangs in bondage, each worth 13s. and 4d. yearly ; and a wood, worth a mark yearly ; and a windmill, 
worth 20sh. yearly ; and 15 cottages, each worth 18d. yearly. And that William de Furno held here, of the 
said Simon, 3 oxgangs of land, by homage and foreign service. In Newton Constable the above Simon held 
13 oxgs. of land, with the tofts belonging to them, each oxgang, with its toft, valued at a mark yearly ; and 
also three cottages, valued at 2sh. yearly. In Marten he held 9 oxgangs, in bondage, with as many tofts, each 
oxgang, with the toft, valued at 9sh. yearly ; also a Forland here, worth 3sh. and 6d. yearly ; and two cot- 
tages, worth 3sh. each yearly. In Paul he held, in bondage, 4 oxgangs of land, each worth yearly 6sh. ; and 
a rent of 4 pence of Steven de Paul ; a rent of 2sh. and 6d. of Thomas the chaplain, of 2sh. and 6d. of Willm. 
Chambers, of 12d. of Robert Banding, of 5d. three farthings of Thomas Palmer, and of 7jd of Steven the 
chaplain. In Holm he held 7 acres of meadow, each worth 18d. yearly ; and 3 roods, worth 18d. yearly ; and 
15 small pieces of land, worth 18d. yearly. In Tharlesthorp he held 4 oxgangs, in bondage, each worth 20sh. 
yearly ; and two pieces of land, worth Is. each yearly ; and the scite of a sheepcote there, worth 2d. yearly ; 
and a windmill, worth 20sh. yearly. In Halsham he held a capital messuage, with a garden, dove cote, and 
fish ponds, valued at two marks yearly, in all its outgoings; and also 16 oxgangs of land, with their appur- 
tenances, in demesne, each oxgang worth yearly 6sh. ; and 28 o.xgangs of land, in bondage, worth yearly 6sh. 
each oxgang; and an oxgang of land, without a toft, valued at 6sh. and eightpence yearly ; and 16 tofts and 
cottages, valued at two shillings yearly ; and 8 acres of Forland, worth 2sh. yearly ; and a windmill, worth 
lOOsh. yearly. 

Of the above Simon Constable, William held two o.vgangs by homage, and the service of lOsh. yearly. 
Nicolas de Thornton held of him, at West Halsham, 2 oxgangs and four acres of land, by foreign service ; and 
in East Halsham an oxgang of land, by the service of a pound of cimraon. John de Melsa held of him a toft^ 
by the service of one halfpenny yearly. Wra. Hauteyn held of him, at Newton Constable, 7 oxgs. of land, by 
homage and foreign service. Ralph de Gloucestre held of him 3 oxgangs of land, by knight service. Willm. 

2f2 



226 SWINE. 

de Easthorp held of him, at Marlon, an oxgang of land, by knight service, or by a pound of cimmon. Simon 
Constable farther held one coniger. at Halshani, worth 3sh. yearly. All these he held immediately of the 
crown, by knight's service ; and he did suit at the wapentake court of Holderness, for his tenements in the 
West Newton only. In Kayingham he held, of the king, a place called Pethy Land, by the service of 13 
pence halfpenny farthing yearly. In Ravenser he held a messuage, worth yearly 5s. In Hedon he had, in 
burgage, a rent of 3sh. yearly, out of a messuage of Gadfrey de Preston, and a rose yearly out of the tenements 
of Steven Taillor. The said Simon held one pair of gloves of John Coates ; and I2d. out of a messuage of 
Hugh ■\Verington ; and 2sh. and 6d. rent out of a messuage of Hugh Edelin ; and Qsh. and Gd. rent out of a 
messuage of John Aid : and a rent offish, out of a messuage of Steven, in le ^Villows. In Otringham he held 
a toft, of the heir of Willm. de , by the service of one penny yearly, valued at 32sh per ann. ; he also held 
there two tofts, valued at 6sh. per ann. and pasture for four oxgangs, and a toft, valued at Ssh. per ann. ; and 
6d. out of a toft of Robert Prest there ; and fid. more, issuing out of a loft of Robert Ingram ; and a penny 
out of an oxgang of land of Filzpeler ; and a penny out of the oxgang which Willm. de Camringlon held. In 
Merton he held an oxgang of land, and a toft, of Willm. Turno, by the service of one halfpenny yearly, and 
valued at lOsh per nun. In Newton Constable he held an oxgang of land, and 2 collages, of Willm. Hawtayne, 
by the service of fourpence halfpenny yearly, valued at a mark per ann. In Sproatley he held a mark, of the 
heir of Ivo de Veer, by the service of one penny yearly, and valued at 2sh. per ann. ; and 2 acres and 1 rood 
of land of Augustine Peverill, by the service of a gillyflower yearly, and valued at 9d. per ann. ; and the rent 
of one penny, issuing out of nine oxgangs in Sproatley, held by Symon de Lund — The jury further say, upon 
oath, that Robert was the son and heir of the above Simon le Constable, and was then aged 29 years. 

By an inquisition, held on the death of the said Robert le Constable, dated 1 1 Edw. III. it appears that he 
held immediately of the crown, as of the honor of Albemarle, the manor of Halsham, by the service of half a 
knight's fee. Also the manor of Burton Constable, with the manor of Newton Constable, members of the same, 
immediately of the crown, as of the said honor, by the service of a third part of a knight's fee. Also in Marton, 
as above, 10 tofts, 10 oxgangs, and 2 cottages, with their appurtenances, by the service of half a knight's fee, 
and of doing suit at the wapentake court of Holderness. Also in Thralesthorpe, as above, he held 8 tofts, 4 
oxgangs, and a windmill, by the service of a 4th part of a knight's fee. Also in Otringham, as above, he held 
13 acres of meadow and pasture, for four gross animals (grossis averiis), and a yearly rent of 36sh. 1 1 pence, by 
the service of the 88th part of a knight's fee. Also in Kayngham, a [separabilem] pasture, containing six acres 
and an half of land, by fealty, and by the service of 13d. and the 43rd part of a knight's fee. Also in Paul 
Holme, as above, held 2 tofts, 26 acres and an half of meadow and pasture, for eleven gross animals (grossis 
averiis), and also a rent of 78 shillings and 2 pence, by the service of fi^d. yearly in full for all service ; and it 
appears from the same inquisition, that John Constable was his son and heir. 

From an inquisition, taken on the death of the said John le Constable, 24 E. III. it appears that he held in 
his demesne, as of fee, the manour of Ilalshara, immediately of the crown, as of the honour of Albemarle, by 
the service of half a knight's fee ; the manour of Burton Constable, as above, by the service of a 3rd part of a 
knight's fee; and 10 tofts, and 2 cottages, and 10 oxgangs of land in Merton, as above, by the service of a 4th 
part of a knight's fee, and by doing suit at the wapentake court once in three weeks ; also 8 tofls and 4 
oxgangs of land, and a windmill, in Tharlesthorp, as above, by the service of a 4th part of a knight's fee; and 
1 3 acres of meadow and pasture for four [grossa] cattle, with a yearly rent of 3Gs. Ud. in Otringham, as above, 
by the service of 88th part of a knt.'s fee ; also a house, rented at lOsh. Id. per ann. and the ye.irly rent of a 
pound of cummin seed, in Halsham, as above, by the service of 70th part of a knt.'s fee ; and 6 acres and an 
half of pasture in Kayingham, as above, by fealty, and the service of 13d. one farthing yearly for all service; 
also 2 tofts, 26 acres, and an half of meadow, in Holme, and 4 o.xgangs of land in Paul, as above, by the service 
of providing four men for the said 4 oxgangs, to ferry over the Lord and Lady of Holderness for the time being. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



227 



from Paul-fleet to Lyndsey, with a rent of 6d. yearly for all service ; he lastly held, immediately of the crown, 
as of the honour of Albemarle, 2 carucates and an half of land in Benningholm, 2 carucates and an half in 
Tanstern, 2 carucates in Etherdwyk, and 2 carucates more in Hilston, by the service of 6th part of a knt.'sfee, 
and of doing suit at the wapentake court. The jury further say that John le Constable is his son and heir.* 

Sir John Constable, in the year 1346, 20 E. III. held eight carucates of land in Burton, 
Newton Constable, and Tharlesthorpe, which together made one knight's fee ; and on 
levying 40s. on each knight's fee for making the Black Prince a knight, he answered the 
same year for that sum. By an inquest held on the death of Sir John, 24 E. III. 1350, it 
appears Burton was held at the third part of a knight's fee. The inquisition taken on 
Sir John Constable, knight, 34 H. VIII. expressly recites, that sixteen carucates of land, 
which made two knight's fees, were held by him in Burton Constable, West Newton, 
East and West Halsham, and Welwick Thorpe, of the Archbishop of York, by knt. service ; 
and the residue ot the above manors he held by the same service immediately of the crown, 
on account of the attainder of Edward Duke of Buckingham, the late Lord Paramount of 
Holderness. The Manor of Burton Constable appears to have been held immediately of 
the crown, from the accession of Sir John Constable, knight, to the seigniory in the year 
1579, 21 Eliz. to the 12th Charles II. IGGO, when the feudal tenures were abolished. 
COXSTABLE-S PEDIGREE. 

The surname of Constable [nrms, quarterly, 1st and -Ith 
old Constable, viz. or. a fess compony argt. and az. in chief^ 
a lion passant gules, 2nd and 3rd Oiry, now Constable, viz. 
Barry of 6 or. and az. supported on the dexter side by a bull, 
sable, and on the sinister by lion gules: crest, a dragon's head 
argent, with two collars gules on each, 3 lozenges or, : motto, 
SANS MAL DESIR.] first took its rise from an office of 
great trust, so called in former times,— as the constable of 
Chester, the constable of Richmond ; and at this time there 
is a constable of the tower of London, which kind of office 
was introduced into England by the Normans. Some of 
these sort of offices were in Bretagne, in France, whence 
many of William the Conqueror's army came into England 
with him, among whom we find one Constable, the first of that name, as appears by the hst or table of Battle 
Abbey, in the Tower of London.'' 

1. The first Constable had three sons, Ulbert, William, and Richard." 

2. Ulbert Constable, the eldest son, married Erenburch de Burton, an heiress ; for she gave one carucate of land 
(120 acres) in Fraistinghorp, to the priory of Swine, of her own patrimony and inheritance;" by this wife 
he had Robert. 

» Harleian M. S. British Museum, No. 708, fo. 68 and 277. •> Printed in How's Chronicle, p. 138. 

'^ See the Cart, cf Wm. Earl of Albemarle, to Simon de Skeffling, to which these three brothers were witness. 
" Omnibus has litteras, Sec. Erenburch de Burton, uxor Ulberti Constabulari, Salutem. Sciatis me concesse et 
dedisse, &c. de Swina unam Carucatam Ter' in Fraistingthorpe, kc. de patrimonis et Hereditate mea, Sec— 




Mon. Angl. vol. 



Mon. Ebor. V. I, p. 253. 



228 SWINE 

3. Robert Constable, of Halsham, son and heir of Ulbert, lived in the reigns of King Stephen and Henry II." 
Wm. Le Gross, Earl of Albemarl, Lord of Holderness, gave to this Robert Constable an annuity of 100 
shillings, but did not mention the times of payment ; whereupon he applied to Baldwin de Betun, afterwards 
Earl of Albemarle, who, with the consent of Ilawise, the Countess, about the 10th of Henry II. confirmed 
the said grant, assigning four days of payment. This Robert, styled of Halsham, granted to 'William, son 
of Ugtred, his servant (servienti suo) four o.xgangs of land in Halsham. The impression on the seal of this 
charter represented a man on horseback brandishing a sword in his hand, whence it appears he was of the 
equestrian order.'' Robert Constable, son of Erneburga de Burton, [arms, A. a bend wavy, sab.] confirmed 
the exchange made by Maud, prioress and convent of Swine, often oxgangs of land, eight tofts with the 
natives and villains, and their families, and cattle in Fraistingthorp, given by his mother, with the prior and 
convent of Bridlington, for six oxgangs of land, and two tofts, that Walter de Percy had given to them in 
Howum.' He also confirmed to the priory ot Thornton-upon-IIumber, one oxgang of land, and two shil- 
lings rent in Halsham, and three shillings rent out of the lands in Erneburgh Burton.'' This Robert left 
issue Robert, William, and some other sons. 

4. Robert Constable, son and heir of Robert of Halsham, lived to be an old man ; and being one of the knts. 
of Wm. Earl of Albemarle, went with King Richard I. in A.D. 1189, to the holy land, and died at Aeon, 
having, before he went, mortgaged his lordship of Tharlesthorp and town of Halsham, to the monks of 
Melsa, for 160 marks, which all his brothers and nearest relatives confirmed, except William, his next 
brother, who died before him ; leaving his son Robert, who confirmed his uncle Robert's grant." This 
Robett, son and heir of Robert, was a witness to a charter of William, Earl of Albemarle, founder of Meaux 
Abbey, (who died A D. 1179), 25lh Henry II. along with Sir Eustace Eitz John, (who died in 1157); 
Robert de StuteviUe, (who died in ) ; and others.' How many brothers this Robert had does not appear ; 
but he dying without issue, Robert, son of his brother Wm. became his heir. 

4. William, brother of Robert, married Julian, sister of Thomas de Alost,e and had Robert Lambert, it is sup- 

' Cart. 138. 16. Cart, 134. >> Cart. 144. 52. 16. 17. "^ Regist. de Bridlington, Cart. 150, 

Mon. Ebor. v. 1, p. 288, by mistake printed, p, 224. '^ Mon. Ang. v. 2, p. 200. " Hoveden, p. 390, 

Cr. 24, Joh. Brorapton edit. p. Tursden, 1191 ; Camden's Britt. v. 2. p. 899; Annal Melsensis Ceenobii, p. 
3, 39, 40. ' Mon. Angl. v. 1, p. 798. 

g Gilbert AIost.= 

Thomas de Alost. Kalph.= Gilbert. Hugh.= Julia. 

Simon. ^Alicc Hugh. 

Mahaut. 

Robert Constable gave to Thomas, son of Gilbert de Alost, his brother, the capital messuage, and four 
carucates of land, in demesne, in Fraistingthorpe. (1) 

This Thomas also gave to the priory of Bridlington half a carucate of land, with all his Forelands, the marsh, 
meadowcs. &c. ; as also eight oxgangs of land, with four tofts, which Gilbert, brother of the said Thomas, 
confirmed. (2) 

Thomas de Alost, in a.d. 1 1 82, 28 H. II. exchanged all his lands in Speton, with the canons of Bridlington, 
for one carucate of land in Fraistingthorp ; for which exchange those canons gave to him 20 marks. (3) This 
Thomas was buried at Bridlington Priory. (4) 

All these grants of Thomas de Alost .vere confirmed by Robert, son of William Constable, his nephew, as 
also by Hugh de Alost, nephew of the said Thomas. (5) 

(1) Eeglst. Prior de Bridlington, f. 146, penes Dom. Joh. Ingleby, bart. ('2) Ibid, f. 147, 148. (3) Mon. Ebor. p. 240. 
(4) Ibid, p. 228, Reg. de Brid. f. 149, 150. (5) Mon. Ebor. v. 1, p. 228, Reg. de Brid. f. 149, 150. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. JKiy 

posed ; and Simon, this younger son, lived in the reign of King John." This William gave one carucate of 
land in Bessingby, to the priory of Bridlington, to the confirmation of which charter Walter de Grant, 
William and Lambert Constable, were witnesses ; along with Thurstan, Archbishop of York, (who died in 
1143); Alan de Percy, (who died ); Eustachius Fitz John, (who died in 1157) ; and others.'' 

5. Robert Constable, of Halsham, son and heir of William, and heir to his uncle. Robert lived in the reigns 
of Richd. I. and King John, and died above 35 of Henry III. A.D. 1251. William de Fortibus the third, 
granted to this Robert Constable 100 shillings per annum until he, William, should assign him lands of that 
value.'= Thomas de Alost quit claimed to Robt. son of Wm. Constable, and his heirs, three carucates of 
land in F.rnburch Burton, and three carucates of land in Newton, juxta eandum Burton ; and two carucates 
of land in Tharlesthorp, and two carucates of land in Morton, in consideration of 25 marks paid by the said 
Robert . The said Thomas de Alost quit claimed his right in half a carucate of land in Flinton to 

Robert Constable, his nephew, for three marks.'^. 

This Robert Constable married Adela, or Ela, daughter and at last co heir of Fulco de Oyri,'' larms, 
Barry of 6 or. and B,] Lord of Gedney, in the county of Lincoln, as appears by the following charter, viz. 

Simon de Alost, nephew of Thomas de Alost, gave two oxgangs of land in Fraistingthorp, with three tofts 
and one croft. This Simon, and Mahaut, daughter of Alice his wife, quit claimed to the priory fourteen 
oxgangs of land in Sywardby. '6) 

Stephen de Alost gave six oxgangs of land in Fraistingthorpe, with three tofts and crofts, and all his 
men, with their families and cattle, to this priory of Bridlington. (7) He also gave two oxgangs of land, in 
the same place, to the priory of Swine (8) 

It appears, by the Pipe Rolls of the 9th of king John, 1208, amongst the Nova Ablata of that year, that 
Stephen de Alost red. comp. de 100s. pro perjurio. (9) 

(G) Mon. Ebor, p. 240, Reg. de BriJ. f. 30. (7) Ibid, p. 228, Reg. de Brid. 149. (8) Ibid, p. 253, Append. No. 6. 

(9) Copy of the Pipe Rolls, penes I. Burton, M.D. p. 117. 

» Cart. 136. 11. 16. Johan Cart. 1.56, 58,59. " Mon. Angl. v. 2, p. 161, 162 

= Sciant' tarn presentes quam futuri quod Ego Tho. de Alost concessi et quietam clamavi, &c. in tribus Caru- 
catis terrae cum pertinentiis in Erenburgh Burton et in tribus Carucatis terra; in Newton juxta Eandem 
Burton et in duabus Carucatis terrce in Thralesthorp et in duabus Carucatis in Morton. Roberto filio W'mo. 
Constabularii et heredibus ejus in perpetuam de me et heredibus meis pro viginti quinque Marcis quas idem 
Robertas mihi dedit. Ita quod nee Ego nee aliquis meorum &c. H. Test. W' alter de Fauconberg John de 
Melsa Adam de Hornby John de Lasceles John de Harpham John de Audley Nich. de Chevincurt Robt. de 
Witon Wm. de Rue Wm. de Aremes Wra. de Flinton Wm. de Carlton Wm. de Cadeni Robert de Ketelli Wm. 
Coupland Goulding. 

t" Sciant, &c. quod Ego Thos. de Alost vendidi et quietam clamavi de me Robt. Constabulario Nepoti meoet 
Heredibus suis pro tribus Marcis quas mihi dedit totum jus meum et clamium quod habui in dimid Caruc' 
terrae cum pertinentis in Villa de Flinton et ut hoc natum habeat &c. Test. Fulco de Oyri John de Melsa 
Ada de Thorne Step, de Marfleet Robt. de Gousil, Peter Gumbald Wm. Passmer Wm. Oij Herbert de Flinton 
Peter de Melsa Richd. de Brick Simond Constabularia Wm. de Walseoc Gilbert de Walseoc. See what relates 
to the Alost family sequens. 

e Galfrid D'Oyri, or Oiire, lord of Gedney, in Com Linc.^ 

Fulco D'0yri.=Tem. Keg. John, and Henry III. 
Gairrid D'Oyrc, vir magni Nominis, Ela, or Adela.^Robert Constable. Alice.^Wm. de Bellemonte. 



230 SWINE. 

Omnibus has litteras, &c. Fuleo de Oyri. Salutem. Sciatis me dedisse, &c. Roberto Constabulario cum Ela 
filia mea m liber maritag dimid carucat terra? quam Robt. Constabularius avunculus predicte Bobt. dedit 
Waltero Thanet, &c. Test. Ada de Torna, Jno. de Melsa, Simone de Skeffling, Ranulfo, vicario, Wm. 
Passmer, John de Humbleton, Walter de Witon, &c. By this wife Robt. had Sir William, Sir Fulco,° and 
Simon.'' 

6. Sir William Constable called of Ilalsham and Burton, son and heir of Robert, he being a justice itinerant 
along with Sir Picot de Lascels, Sir Robert de Cokefield, and Sir Gerard Salvain, witnessed a charier of 
John Novo Mercato, granting the manor of Alverthwaite to Monk Bretton Priory, dated 23rd Henry III. 
A.D. 1239; was witness to the convention made between the abbey of Swine and Sir Alexander de Hilton,, 
In 26 Henry III. A.D. 1241, he married Cecilia, daughr. of Sir Marmaduke Thwenge. knt. a family very 
eminent in former times. With her he had six oxgangs of land in Kilham, as appears by the charter of 
12 Henry III. A.D. 1228 .'' to both these and the heirs of their bodies Bobert de Tweng confirmed one ox- 
gang of land ; sL\ carucates in Kilham, and seven pounds of rents in Lindesay, with the homage and service 
of Robert de Hotham, all which his father Marmaduke gave in free marriage with Cecily his sister.' 

By the above Cecily, this William had issue WiUiam, who seems to have been the eldest son, being the 
witness to a charter in 43 Henry III. 1258;'' if so, he died s. p. because Simon, the second son, became heir 
to his father ; and Galfred was the third son, to whom his father gave lands in Kilham, but dying also s. p. 
before 15 Edward I. a.d. 1287, left Simon his heir.s 

7. Sir Simon Constable, of Ilalsham, 2nd son and heir of William, was witness to a charter, made 16 Edw. 1. 
A.D. 1288.'" In 19 Edward I. a.d. 1291, Simon le Constable, and Walter de Fauconberg, were deputed by 
the king to hold an inquisition ad quod damnum at Marton, in Holderness.' 

Of this family it appears, that Henry, son of Fulco de Oyri, lord of Foxton, confirmed some grants to the 
priory of St. Mary, de Caritate in Duventre in Com. Northamp. (1) 

William de Oyri, and Helewise his wife, gave two oxgangs of land in Skirlington, in Hold, to Bridlington 
Priory. (2) 

By the Pipe Rolls of the 10th king John, a.d. 1209, Thomas, son of Thomas de Burgo, paid c marc et 2 
palfridos pro habenda filia Fulconis de Oyri. (3) And by the Rolls of the 2nd Henry III. a.d. 1218, Wm. de 
Lascells paid one mark, for dropping the prosecution against Fulco de Oyri. (4) 

(1) Mon. Aiigl. V. 1. p. G7 1, C2) Mon. Ebor. t. 1, p. 240, Append. No. 506, Reg. de Brid. f. 241. 

(3) Copy of the Pipe Rolls, penes I. Burton, M.D. p. 125. (4) Ibid, fo. 151. 

■^ Cart 58, 11, Sc 125, 22, 137, 17, 139, .55, 56, 142, 58, 144, 149, 145, 2. *■ Testes Cartae a.d. 1227. 

12 H. III. Cart. 174. 

' Mon. Angl. v. 1, p. 6G1 & 1027. J See Cart. 171, 33 ; Cart. 172, 174. 

' Omnibus &c. Ego Rob. de Tweng Salutem Sciatis me concessi & confirmasse Wm. Constabulario de Burton 
et Heredibus suis quos de se et uxore sue Cecilia sorore mea habebit unam bovatam Terrae in dominio et 
servicio carucatas Terrae in Kilham et septem libratas redditus in Lindesay cum homagio et servicio Roberti 
de Hotham quae Pater mens Marmaducus dedit in libero maritagio cum predicta Cecilia sorore mea, &c. 
Test John de Aton Walter de Grendal AVm. Driffeld Wm. de Melton Wm. de Ilawley Thos. and Wm. de 
Twenge Thos. de Hotham Walter de Edlington Wm. de Burton & aliis. 

' Cart 175, 53. e Cart 12.5, 56, 154, 40, 41, Roll, de Kilham, 15 E. I. a.d. 1287. 

"■ Cart. 137, 17, 144, 49, Lib. de Melsa, 232, 233, 234. 

' Esch. 19, Edw. I. No. 17, copy of Esch. Rolls, penes John Burton, M.D. p. 51. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 231 

This Sir Simon took the arms of his grandmother, Ela D'Oyri, in lieu of his paternal bearing,^ and died 
22 Edw. I. A.D. 1294. Left by his daughter, and heir of Robeit Umberworth [Cumberworth, cheeky, or 
and g. in chief, argent, a lion, sable], of • * * in Com. Lincoln, (relict of Sir John Danthorpe,) Robert. 
Ela married John Fauconberg, of Bilton, in Holderness, Esq."" and Herneburgh.'^ By an inquisition, held 
at Lanthorpe Grange, before Thomas de Normanville, the king's escheator, in 22 E. L A.D. 1294, it appears, 
that this Simon le Constable died seized in dominico sue, as of the fee of Constable Burton, in Holderness, 
of one capital messuage, sixteen oxgangs of land, each oxgang at one mark per ann. ; five oxgangs in bon- 
dagio, one wood, value one mark per annum ; a windmill, value one pound ; fifteen cottages, each at one 
shilling and sixpence ; and three olher oxgangs. Simon also held at Newton Constable 13 oxgangs, with 
tofts and 3 cottages ; also, in Marton, nine oxgangs in bondagio, with 9 lofts and two cottages. At Paghal 
he held, in bondagio, four oxgangs, besides several rents ; also at Holme and Tharlesthorp, with a wind- 
mill ; and at Halsam, a capital messuage, sixteen oxgangs of land, twenty-nine oxgangs in bondagio, sixteen 
tofts and cottages, eight acres of Forelands, a windmill, and two oxgangs of land. In West Halsam, two 
oxgangs and four acres of land ; and one oxgang in East Halsam, and a toft. At Newton Constable, ten 
oxgangs. At Merton, five oxgangs and a half. Healsohad, at Halsam, unum Conigerura. AtKayingham, 
one place of land, called Petliyland. At Ravenser, one messuage ; at Hedon, several burgage messuages ; at 
Ottringham, three tofts, and pasture for four o.xen, with three tofts and two oxgangs. At Merton, an oxgang 
and one toft ; at Newton Constable, one oxgang and two tofts ; at Sprotele, nine oxgangs, with some annual 
rents. Tlie jury find, that Robert was his son and heir, then aged twenty-nine years and upwards.'' 

In 13 Edward I. A.D. 1285, Simon le Constable had a grant of free warren in Pagle Holme, Kayingham, 
Ottringham, Tharlesthorp, Ilalsham, West Pundhagh, Hild Olfneston, Oustwic, Burton Constable, Merton, 
Benningholrae, and Brunneby." 
8. Sir Robert Constable, of Halsam, knt. son and heir of Simon, married Avice, daughter and co-heir of Sir 
Roger de Lascels, [anus, arg. three chaplets, gules,] of Kirby-under-Knoll, whom he married in 10 E. III. 
A.D. 1336; by whom he had Sir John,' William,^ and Catharine, married to Wm. son of Philip de Melsa, 
or Meaux, of Owthorne. This Sir Robert died in 10 Edw. III. ad. 1336, seized of the manor of Halsam, 

> These old knights appear not only to have assumed the right of changing their paternal coat, but also that 
of granting license to others to use their own armorial bearings. The following quotation is so curious, as 
relating to the subject, that the extract cannot fail to be extremely interesting : — " Sir Wm. de Aton was, in 
1371, summoned to parliament by writ, but not a second time. About 1375, he was engaged in a controversy 
about his arms. It appears, that he bore or, on a cross, sable, five bulls' heads, argent ; which coat was as- 
sumed by Sir Robert de Bointon, and challenged by Aton. It was terminated amicably, (and it seems, at a 
court of honour, held by Lord Percie, at Newcastle, under the Earl Marshall), Aton was satisfied with having 
established his right to the said arms ; for, by indenture, dated 5th April, 1375, which recited, that whereas 
Sir Wm. de Aton le Pere had, in the presence of Ld. Percie, challenged the arms borne by Sir R. de B. viz. 
as above ; and that Ld. P. had awarded those arras to Aton, as ' chief des armes entiers et droit Heritier" of 
the same. He (Sir W. A.) granted to B. and his heirs, that he and they might bear the said arms without any 
impediment from him and his heirs." — Scrope and Grosvenor Controversy ; Sir N. Harris Nicolas. 
"• See Fauconberg's pedigree. ' Cart. 2, 11, 23, 24, 293. 

'' Esc. 22 Edw. I. No. 43, Catal. of the records in the tower of London, penes I. Burton. M.D., and copy of 
the Escheat Rolls, penes LB. p. 62 ; Pipe Rolls, penes Ibid, p. 258. 

* Cart. 13 Edw. I. No. 53, Catal. record in tower, penes I. Burton, p. 25. 

f Cart. 137. e Cart. 210, 44, 45. 

VOL. II. 2 I 



232 SWINE. 

Burton Constable, Newton Constable, Merton, Tharlesthorp, Ottringhara, Kayingham, Pagle, and Holme, 
and Hedon." 

By au inquisition, taken a.d. 1317, 10 Edw. II. at Malton, it appears, that Ralph Fitzwilliam held of 
Robert Constable eleven oxgangs of land, by the service of a tenth part of a knight's fee, at Thimtofl. — 
Esch. 10 Edw. II. 1317, No. 65. Copy of Escheat Rolls, penes I. B. p. 382. 

Robert le Constable, in 11 Edw. III. a.d. 1337, held de rege, in capite, as follows; viz. the manor of 
Ilalsam. ut de honore de Albemarle, by the military service of half a knight's fee ; the manor of Burton 
Constable, with Newton Constable's members, by a third part of a knt 's fee. Also, ten tofts, ten oxgangs, 
of land, two cottages in Marton, in Holderness, as half a knt's fee, and attending the wapentake courts of 
Holderness. Also, eight tofts, four oxgangs, and one windmill, in Tharlesthorp, at a fourth part of a knt.'s 
fee. Also, thirteen acres of meadow and pasture, pro quatuor grossis averiis et, 36s. 1 Id. redditusin Ottring- 
ham, at the eighty-eighth part of a knt.'s fee. Also, in Kayingham, one pasture, of six acres and a half, and 
thirteen pence, at forty-third part of a knt.'s fee. In Paghle Holme, two tofts, twenty-six acres and a half 
meadow and pasture, pro 11 grossis averiis, & £3. 18s. lOd. redit. in Paulholrae, per servic' 6 et ob. per 
ann. ; and that John was his son and heir.'' 

9. Sir John Constable, son and heir of Robert, lord of Halsam, married Albreda, daughter of * * ' St. 
Quintin, and dying 23 Edw. III. 1349, had John. This lady survived her husband, and married John 
Sturmy, of Holderness, Esq.*^ He died seized of the manor of Kirby-under-Knoll, Kilhara, manor of Bur- 
ton Constable, Marton, in Holderness, Tharlesthorpe, Ottringham, Halsam, Kayingham, Holme, Paghel, 
Dodington, Braunche, Tainstern Ellerwicke, and Halsam manor.'' 

10. Sir John Constable, son and heir of Sir John, a.d. 1394, 17 Richard II. was commissioned by the king, 
along with Robert de Hilton, Wm. de Holme, and Robert Sturmey, to deliver seizin of the manor of Burst- 
wick cum membris, for and from him, to Thomas, earl of Buckingham, upon the death of Ann, his queen.' 
By Maud, his wife, daughter of Robert Hilton, of Hilton, Esq.' he had Sir William, Thomas,^ married 
Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas Hawley, knt. and Margaret, married to Sir John Copeldike, of Harring- 
ton, in Lincolnshire ^ 

Both Sir John, and Maud his lady, were buried at Halsham, where their ensigns were engraved on a brass 
plate upon a stone monument. She died a.d. 1400, 2 Henry IV. 

A.D. 1382, 5 Richard II. by an inquisition, held at York, it appeared, that Katharine, wife of William 
de la Pole, died seized of eight messuages, and thirty-four oxgangs of land, in Solbergh, which she held of 
Jno. Constable.' 

11. Sir William Constable, son and heir of Sir John, lived in the reign of king Henry IV. and marrying Eliz. 
daughter of * * ♦ Metham, knt. had 

12. Sir John Constable, knight, who married Marg^iret, daughter and co-heir of Thomas Umfraville, knt. [arms, 
G. a cinquefoil inter 13 croslets, or.] by whom he had Sir John ; Agnes, married first to * * » St. Quintin ; 
2nd to Sir Wm. Skipwith, knt. ; Elizabeth, married to Sir Wm St. Quintin, kt. ; Maud, to JohnRouth, Esq. 

1 3. Sir John Constable, son and heir of Sir John, married Lora, daughter of Henry Fitzhugh, Lord of Ravens- 
worth Castle, and had John, Ralph, William, (who married Isabel, one of the daughters and co-heirs of 

» Esch. 10 Edw. III. No. oS, Catal. record in Turr. Lon. penes L B. 142. 
" Esch. 11 Edw. III. a.d. 1337, copy of Esch. Rolls, p. 349, penes f. Burton. ■■ MS. Pedigree of East- 
Riding Gentry, penes I. B. '' Esch. Edw. III. Nc. 81, Catal. of records in tower of Lon. p. 1.52. « Rid- 
ley, 1, 153. f Cart. 241, 49. e Cart. 12, H. IV. 1410 ; Cart. 241, 50, 242, 14, 15. " Archer's Ped. 
in Com. Lincoln, 73. ' Esch. 5 R. II. No. 48, 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 233 

Robert de Eure, ob. S. P. 6 of Henry VII., 1492,) Joan, married to Wm. Mallory, Esq. ; Margery or Mary, 
to Kobert Holme, of Paul Holme, Esq. ; Margaret, to Sir Wm. Roos, knt. ; Jane, Elizabeth, and Isabel, all 
nuns. This Sir John, the father, was made a knight baronet in Scotland, by the Duke of Gloster, 20 Edw. 
IV. 1480. 

John, the eldest son of Sir John Constable, married Margaret Mallory, and dying S. P. 6 Henry VII. a.d 
1492; left his brother Ralph his heir. 

1 4. Ralph Constable," brother and heir of John, married to his first wife Anne, daughter and co-heir of Robt. 
Eure, Esq. [arms, quarterly, or. & G. on a bend sable, 3 escalops, argent,] and had Sir John, and Lora, 
married to John Hotham, of Scorburgh, Esq. ; to his second wife he married Elizabeth, natural daughter 
of «■ * •» * Tempest, in the bishopric of Durham, Esq. by whom he had Ralph Constable, ofThirntoft, 
in Richmondshire, Esq. (of whom see sequens) William, who died S. P. and Joan, married Sir Christopher 
Hildyard, of Winestead, knight. 

15. Sir John Constable, knt. son and heir of Ralph, about 20 Henry VII. 1506, married Agnes, daughter of 
Sir Thomas Metham, of Metham, knt. and had Sir John, Ralph Constable, of St. Sepulcre's Garth, in Hol- 
derness ; WilUam, 3rd son ; Francis, the 5th son ; and Brian, the 6th son, all died S. P. ; Robert, the 4th 
son, was of Essington, in Holderness ; Margaret, married to Brian Stapleton, of Wighill, Esq. ob. S. P. and 
Catherine, married to Sir Ralph Ellerker, of Risby, knt. Sir John married to his second wife Lora, or Eliza- 
beth, daughter of * • * * Ileadlam, Esq. relict of Sir John Hotham, of Scorburgh, knt. and had Ann, 
married to Brian Palmer, of Naburn, Esq, ; and Elizabeth, married to Christopher Frodingham, Esq. Sir 
John's third wife was Margaret, daughter of * * * * Lord Clifford, relict of Sir Ninian Markenfield, near 
Ripon, knt. by whom he had no issue. 

16. Sir John Constable, of Halsham, son and heir of Sir John, married Joan, daughter and co heir of Ralph 
Nevil, [arms, Gules, a saltier argent,] of Thornton Bridge, near Topcliffe, Esq. ; he had Sir John, Ralph 
Constable, of Brustwick, (who married Francis, daughter of Sir William Skipwith, knt. and had Elizabeth, 
married to Robert, son of Thomas Dalton, of Hull, Esq.) ; Frances, ob. S. P. ; Joan, married to John Estoft, 
Esq. ; and Margaret, ob. S. P. Frances, Sir John's daughter, married to Sir Christopher Hildyard, of 
Winestead, knight. 

17. Sir John Constable, of Halsham, son and heir of Sir John, had two wives; first, Margaret, daughter of 
John, Lord Scroope, of Bolton Castle; by whom he had Sir Henry, John, ob. s. p., Ralph, ob. s p. and 
Joseph Constable, of Upsal. His second wife was Lady Catharine, daughter of Henry Nevil, earl of West- 
morland, by whom he had John, ob. s. p. 

18. Sir Henry Constable, of Burton, &c. knt. son and heir of Sir John, married Margaret, daughter of Sir Wm. 
Dormer, of Elthorp, or Winethorp, in the county of Buckingham ; and had issue Sir Henry, Catharine, 
married to Sir Thomas Fairfa.x, of Gilling Castle, knt. Lord Viscount Elmley, in Ireland ; Dorothy, married 
to Roger, son of Ralph Lawson, of Brough, Esq. ; Margaret, married to Sir Edw. Stanhope, of Grimston, 
knt. of the Bath ; Mary, married to Sir Thomas Blakiston, of Blakiston, in Episcop. Uunelm, bart. 

19 Sir Henry Constable, of Burton Constable, knt. son and heir of Sir Henry, a.d. 1625, was created Lord 
Viscount Dunbar, in Scotland. He married Mary, daughter of Sir Robt. or John Tufton, of Heatfleld, in 
Kent, baronet, sister of the Earl of Thanet ; by whom he had John, Matthew, who died on the 14th Aug- 
A.D. 1667, and Henry; Mary, married to Robert, Lord Brudenel, earl of Cardigan ; Catherine, married to 
Wm. Middleton, of Stockeld, Esq. ; and Margaret. 

20. John Constable, Lord Viscount Dunbar, married Mary, daughter of Thomas, Lord Brudenel, earl of Car- 

" Cart. 4. 106. 13. 14. 15. 



234 SWINE. 

digan ; and had John, Robert, Richard, William, Mary, Cicely, married to Francis Tunstall, of Wycliif 
Esq. and Catharine, married to John Moore, Esq. 

21. John Constable, Lord Viscount Dunbar, died without issue, and was succeeded by his brother. 

22. Robert Constable, son and heir of John, Lord Viscount Dunbar, married Mary, daughter of John, Lord 
Bellasis, of Worlaby, in Lincolnshire ; but dying s. p. the title and estate devolved to his brother William, 
who, also dying without issue, left his estate to his nephew, Cuthbert Tunstall, a son of Cicely, his sister ; 
upon condition that the said Cuthbert should take the name of Constable. 

23. Cuthbert Tunstall, second son of Francis Tunstall, of Wyclift, Esq. (by Cicely, daughter of John Con- 
stable, Lord Viscount Dunbar, and sister to William, the last Lord Viscount Dunbar,) taking the name of 
Constable, married two wives; first. Amy, daughter of Hugh, Lord Clifford, of Ugbrooke, in Com. Devon; 
she died of the small pox, being six months pregnant, after having had several children ; viz. William, ob, 
infans, a second William, born a.d. 1722, Cecilia, born A. D. 1721, married to Edw. Sheldon, of Winchester, 
Esq. and Winifred, born a.d. 1730. 

Cuthbert, to bis seconi wife, married Elizabeth, daughter of Geo. Ileneage, of Hainton, in Lincolnshire, 
Esq.; and had Marmaduke, born a.d. 1743, to whom his uncle, Marmaduke Tunstall, of WyclifF, Esq. 
A.D. 1760, left his estate. This Marmaduke to take the name of Tunstall. 

24. William Constable, son and heir of Cuthbert Tunstall, alias Constable, married Catharine, daughter of * * 
Langdale, of Haughton, Esq. Dying a.d. 179!, without issue, entailed his estates, and the seigniory of Hol- 
derness, on his nephew, the eldest son of his sister Cecilia. 

1. F^dward Sheldon, of Winchester, Esq. who took the name of Constable, died unmarried, A. D. 1804, and 
was succeeded in the entail by 

2. Francis Sheldon, Esq , his next brother, who also took the name of Constable, married Frances, daughter 
of ' • * Plo.vden, of Medhurst, in co. Susse.x, Esq. by her he had issue, 1st, a son and daughter, twins, who 
died soon after a premature birth. 2nd, another daughter, died aet. 16, at Bath, A. D. 1808. He died S. P. 
1821, and was succeeded by the next in the entail. 

Thomas Hugh, son of the Hon, Thomas Cliflford, born Dec. 1762, created a baronet Dec. 27, 1814;° he 
took the name of Constable by Royal Sign Manual, 1821. Married, 1791, Mary Macdonald Chichester, 
second daughter of John Chichester, of Arlington, county Devon, Esq. died Feb. 1823; had issue Thomas 
Aston, born May 3, 1806. Two daughters, 1st, Mary Barbara, married Sir Charles Chichester, colonel in 
the army. Brigadier General in the Spanish Service, Knt. of St. Ferdinand, kc- 2nd, Mary Isabella, married 
Henry Arundel, son of Raymond Arundel, of Kenilworth, Esq. 

Sir Thomas Aston Clifford Uonstable, Bart. s. & h. of Sir Thomas Hugh, married Sep. 1827, Mary Anne, 
daughter of Charles Joseph Chichester, of Calverleigh, co. Devon, Esq. by Mary Honoria, third daughter of 
Robert French, of Rasen, co. Roscommon, in the kingdom of Ireland, Esq. by whom he has issue Frederick 
AugustusTalbot, heir apparent. 

CONSTABLE'S FIRST BRANCH, OF TIIIRNTOFT. 
15 Ralph Constable, of Thirntoft, in Bichmondshire, Esq. first son of Ralph, by Elizabeth, natural daughter 
of » * ♦ Tempest, in the bishopric of Durham, Esq. married two wives ; the first was * * ♦ daughter of 
Christopher Lasenby, of Whitwell, Esq. in Richmondshire, by whom he had Christopher and Thomas 
Constable, of Kirby Knoll, who, by Barbara, daughter of • • • Eden, relict of * * * Young, had Ralph 
and John. 

" The pedigree of this ancient and distinguished family is given in the Historical Description of the Parish 
of Tixall, Co. Stafford, by Sir Thos. Clifford, bart., and Arthur Clifford, Esq. ; printed in Paris, 1817. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 235 

This Ralph, the father, married to his second wife Elizabeth, sister of Wm. Grimeston, by whom he had 
Francis, and Joan, married to Geo. Flower, Esq. ; also George, a second son. 
16. Christopher Constable, son and heir of Ralph by his first wife, lived at Halsam, and married two wives ; 
first Isabel, daughter of Thos. Smith, Esq. relict of Edward Hancock, Esq. by whom he had Catharine, 
married to William Smith, of Kajingham, in Holderness, Esq., and Elizabeth. Christopher's second wife 
was Jane, daughter of Rob. Hodgson. 

CONSTABLE'S SECOND BRANCH, OF ST. SEPULCHRE'S GARTH. 

16. Ralph, second son of Sir John Constable (by Agnes Metham), called of St. Sepulchre's Garth, in Holder- 
ness, died 6th April, A. D. 1568, having married Eleanor, daughter and heir of Mr. Clifton [arina, sable, a 
lion rampant, int. 12 cinquefoils, arg.], to his first wife, by whom he had Eleanor, married to Thos. Alured, 
of Charter-House, Fsq. ; Jane, married to Mr. Thornton. Ralph's second wife was Anne, daughter of Sir 
Wm. Strickland, and had Michael. 

17. Michael Constable, died 29th Nov. 1612, having married, first, Sibilla, daughter of William Baron, of 
Hilton; and had Henry, tEt. four years, a.d. 1584, and Ann, ob. 10th July, 1619. Michael's second wife 
was Margery, daughter of John Daking, Esq. and had Catharine. 

18. Henry Constable, son and heir of Michael, married Mary, daughter of * ♦ * Tyrwhit, Esq. ; and had issue 
Michael, and Mary, married to Leonard Robinson, of Newton Garth, Esq. 

19. Michael Constable, styled of St. Sepulchre's, married Jane, relict of Richard Etherington, of Newton 
Garth, daughter cf Sir Geo. Throgmorton, knt. and had George, who died s p. 1653. 

THIRD BRANCH, OF KILNSEA, BENTLEY, AND ESSINGTON. 

16. Robert, fourth son of Sir John Constable (by Agnes Metham), styled of Kilnsey and Bentley, married 
Joan, daughter of Edniond Frothingham, of South Frothingham, in Holderness, Esq. ; and had William, 
and Anne, married to John Lander, of Haburne, Esq. 

17. William Constable, of Kilnsea, living a.d. 1584, married Elizabeth, daughter of AVilliam Wallais, in Lin- 
colnshire ; and had Ralph, and Catharine, married to * • * and Elizabeth and Anne. 

18. Sir Ralph Constable, of Bentley, aged 15, a.d. 1584, married Jane, daughter of John Radclifie, of Orsdal, 
(Ordsal,) in Lancas. and had Robert. 

FOURTH BRANCH, OF KIRBY KNOLL AND UPSALL. 
18. Joseph Constable, called of Upsall, fourth son of Sir John Constable, of Burton, by Margaret, daughter 
of Henry, Lord Scroope, of Bolton Castle, married Mary, daughter of Thomas Crathorne, of Crathorne, Esq. ; 
and had John, half a year old a.d. 1584; Joseph, slain at Banbury, a.d. 164 ; Averilla, married Thomas 
Smith, Esq. of Egton Bridge. A second daughter married to • * * Tockets, of Tockets, in Cleveland, Esq. 
John Constable, of Kirby Knoll, son of Joseph, married Eliz. daughter of Ralph Cresswell, of Nunkeehng 
and Dodington, Esq. ; and had Joseph, of Kirby Knoll ; Elizabeth, married * * • but died a.d. 1657 ; and 
another daughter. 

TUNSTALL'S PEDIGREE. 
The first that can be found mentioned of this family, is in the 17th Henry II. a.d. 1171, when Acaris, or 
Akaris, or Archarius de Tunstall. was witness to a charter of Conan, Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany, 

who died in this year,^ and in the next Acharius, with the consent of Roger, Richard, and rri, his 

sons, gave to Rieval Abbey, the grange, and 21j acres of land in Bolton.'' Copsi de Tunstal, also gave to 
that abbey a house and toft in Bolton. In 30 Hen. II. a.d. 1184, Acaris de Tunstal paid 6s. as the fine to 

" Gale's Honor of Richmond, p. 103. '' Mon. Ebor. vol. 1, p. 359. 



23() SWINE. 

the Court of Hang Wapontac." Roger de Tuustal. in 14 John, a.d. 1213, paid half a mark composition de 
placitis Forresta ;'' and I5Edw. I. a.d. 12S7, Roger de Tonstal had two oxgangs of land in Brompton Brigg.' 
In 10 John, a.d. 1209, Thomas de Tonstal, and Maud his wife, with others, paid five marks nova oblata 
pro recognitione contra William de Molbray, de 6 carrucates terra; in Ostwic, et 40 acris in Carrun, and 1 
messuagium in Burton.'' About this time also lived Simon de Tonstal." 

In 14 Hen. III. a.d. 1230, Hugh, son of Hugh de Tunstal, was fined half a mark for an unjust detainer, 
at the suit of Galfrid Talun.' 

In 17 Hen. HI, a.d. 1233, Walter Gray, Abp. York, paid 200 marks, nova oblata, to have wardship and 
the marriage of Walter, son of Wm. de Tonstal, by Isabella, his wife, daughter and co-heir of Ada de Tin- 
dale About this time Lady Amice de Tonstal gave to Basedale Priory two oxgangs of land in Upsal, with 
a toft and croft, which Wra. de Percy afterwards confirmed, a.d. 1299. Ladrina, daughter of Alice de 
Tunstal, in her widowhood, gave 3 acres of land, with a toft and croft, in Tunstal."" In the reign of Henry 
III. Imanya, daughter of Richard de Tunstal, gave lands in Ridmer to Richard, son of Reginald de Ridmer ; 
which charter was witnessed by Sir Henry Fitz Randolf, [who died in 49 lien. III. a.d. 1262,) and by his 
son, Sir Randolph Fitz Randolph.' Robert de Tunstal, about or before the reign of Hen. III. gave to Gis- 
burn Priory, (with his corpse, to be buried there,) two oxgangs of lands in Tunstal.J About the lOlh Hen. 
Ill, A.D. 1226, Thomas de Tunstal was witness to a charter ; and in 23 Hen. III. a.d. 1239, Thomas and 
WiUiam de Tonstal were brothers. John de Tonstal witnessed a charter, 33 Edw. I. a.d. 1305, and A.D. 

1 300, Gilbert de Tunstal held lands in Tunstal. In 17 Edw. 11. Henry de Tunstal had 40 in com. 

Lancaster;'' and in 4 Edw. III. Sir William de Tunstal was living at Thurland Castle, in com, Lancaster, 
the ancient seat of the Tunstals, called by Leland, Fyrrland, he calls it an ancient manor, Place of Stone, 
one mile from Ilorncastle, in Lancashire.' 

1. Sir William de Tunstal, married Alice, daughter of Sir Philip Lindsay, knt. ; and in the 43, 44, 4.5, Edw. 
HI. had a grant of free warren in Leeke and Norton," he had issue Sir Thomas, Anne, married Sir Robert 
Neville, Hornby Castle, in com. Lancashire, knt. 

2. Sir Thomas Tonstal, son and heir of Sir WiUiam, living in the reigns of Edw. III. and Richd. II. and 
Hen. IV. married Isabel, daughter of Sir Nicholas Harrington ; and had Sir Thomas ; W'illiam, who mar- 
ried Anne Parre, by whom he had Mary, ob. s. p. Elizabeth, and Eleanor, or Isabel, married to Nicholas 
Wortley ; Robert, married a daughter of * * Bellingham ; Nicholas, married * * relict of * • Carlton ; John ; 
Katherine, married to Sir John Pennington ; Mary, to Sir John Ratcliffe ; Anne, to John Redman ; Alice, 
to Sir Thomas Paire ; Eleanor, to Sir John ♦ • ; Elizabeth, to Sir Robert Bellingham, knt. 

King Henry IV. a.d. 1403, gave licence to Sir Thomas Tunstal to enclose his manor of Thorsland, in 
Lancashire, and to fortify the place ; and to enclo.se 1 000 acres of land." This Sir Thomas was with king 
Henry V. at the battle of Agincourt, to whom the king gave the town of Ponthowes. 

3. Sir Thomas Tunstal, son and heir of Sir Thomas, in the reign of Henry VI. married Eleanor, daughter of 
Henry, Lord Fitzhugh ; and had Sir Richard, Thomas, and Margaret, married to Sir Ralph Pudsey, knt. 

^ Gale's Hon. Richmd. p. 21. " Rot. Pip. 14 Juo. MS. I. Burton, M.D. p. 139. 

' Kirby's Inquest, Gale's Hon. Richmd. p. 55. '' Rot. Pip. 10 John, MS. penes I. Burton, p. 124. 

=■ Dodsworth's MS. vol. 7, fo. 97. ' Rot. Pip. 14 Hen. III. p. 168. ^ Rot. Pip. 17 Hen HI. MS. 

penes I. Burton, p. 170. '" Mon. Ebor. p. 291. App. No. 7, 6. ' Gale's Hon. Richmd. p. 98, App. p. 58. 

> Mon. Ebor. p. 353, App. No. 27. " Dodsworth's Bod. Lib. vol. 79, fo. 97. ' Leland's Itinerary, 

vol. 6, p. 59, MSS. 66 Edit. " Cart. 43, 44, 45, Edw. HI. N. 14, Cat. records in the tower, penes I. Burton, 
M.D. p. 53. " Rot. Pat. 4 Hen. IV. p. 1. m. 23. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 237 

4. Sir Richard Tunstal was made knt. of the garter by liing Richd. III. and was high steward of the honor of 
Pontefract, and the manor of Wakefield, and chamberlain of Chester, from 1459 to 1461, places then of 
great trust and repute. He held Hartlake against king Edw. IV. for Henry VI. the last of any place in 
England ; afterwards surrendered to Lord Herbert" After quitting the rebellion in Yorkshire, an. 1489, 3 
Henry VII. the king appointed the Earl of Surry his lieutenant in those northern parts, and this Richard 
Tunstal his principal commissioner, to levy the subsidy,'' In the reign of Henry VII. he married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir William Frank, knight ; by whom he had William, who died s. p. ; and Alice, married to 
John Acough, Esq. 
4. Thomas Tunstal, Esq. brother and heir of Sir Richard, after the death of his nephew, William, married 
Alice, daughter of * * Nevil, and had issue Thomas, who died s. p. Cuthbert Tunstal was born about 1 476, 
at Hatchfort, in Yorkshire.'^ He performed his studies first at Oxford, which he left on account of the 
plague ; then at Cambridge, where he took the degree of doctor of laws ; afterwards to the then famous 
university of Padua, where he was admitted to the same degree."* On his return to England, in 1508, he 
was promoted to the church of Stanhope, in the diocese of Durham, and became chancellor of Canterbury;" 
In 1511, to the then rectory of Harrow on-the-Hill.f December 15, a.d 1516, he became master of the 

rolls ;^ the 8th October, a.d. 1519, prebend of Botevant, in the church of York ;'' November 17, a.d. 

archdeacon of Chester, then a part of the Litchfield diocess. Promoted to tbe two prebends of Comb and 
Hornham, in the church of Sarum, May 26, anno 1521 ; and soon after to the deanery of that church.' 
Promoted to the see of London on the death of Fitz James ; consecrated 9th October, and installed the 22nd, 
A.D. 1522. He was made keeper of the privy seal, a.d. 1523; translated to the see of Durham, a.d. 1530 ; 
from which see he was ejected in the beginning of the reign of Edw. VI.J though appointed one of the regents 
by the king's will.'' He was restored again to his see, anno 1554, by queen Mary ; and again ejected by 
queen Elizabeth, anno 1559, and died in confinement at Archbishop Parker's palace, at Lambeth; and was 
buried in the church there, with an epitaph as follows : — 

Anglia Cuthbertum Tonstallum moesta requirit 

Cujus Summa domi Laus erat atque foris 
Rhetor Arithmeticus Juris Consultus et CEqv.i 

Legatusiiue fuit, denique Presul erat 
Annornm Sator et magnorum plenus Honorum 
Verlitui- in Cineris Aureus iste senex. 
Now effaced, extant in Brown's Willis.' He was sent on several embassies abroad, particularly on that famous 
one to Charles the Fifth, to obtain the releasement of Francis the First, King of France, taken at Pavia, and 
again to the diet of Worms, against Luther." He was one of the greatest men of his time, as Fiddes says 
in his life of Cardinal Wolsey — whether we consider him in the capacity of a gentleman, or a scholar, of a 
public minister, or an ecclesiastic of the first rank." Maximus ingenii et Doctrinal dotes Insigni pietate, 
virtute morum severitate cumulavit, says Wharton." Cambden, speaking of Bishops of Durham, says Cutli- 
bertus Tunstallus, sumraarum Artium Scienta (absit invidiu verbo) illorum omnium instar et Magnum 



» Lei. Col. p. 499, vol. 2 '' Ld. Bacon Life, Henry VII., Drake's Ebor. p. 126. '' Atkin. Oxon. vol. 

1, p. 97. ■* Newcourt's Dioc. Lon. p. 25, vol. 1. and Tans. Bib. Brit. p. 721. " Ibid, p. 724. 

' B. Willis Surv. Cath. vol. 1, p. 244. '=' Ibid. » Ibid, and vol 1, p. 411. ' Newc. Dios. Lon. 

p. 25, vol. 1. > Ibid, and Willis, 244, vol. 1. " Hume Hist. Eng. vol. 4, p. 302. ' Newc. and 

Willis, ut supra, " Grove, in his Life of Car. Wolsey, v. 3, p. 137. " Fiddes, as quoted by Grove, 

Ibid, p. 226. " Wharton de Episcopis, p. 185. 



238 SWINE. 

Brittaniae ornamentum.'" Sir Brian, knt. of Rhodes, Sir Marmaduke. Agnts, married first to Kirkbuy 
<3e • ♦ • * and secondly to * * * * Copley, Esq. S. Pr. ; Alice, married to John Baines, of Lan- 
cashire, Esq. ; and Joan, a nun, and afterwards prioress of Little Marreis or Yeddingham. from a. d. 1507 
to 1.521." 

5. Bryan Tunstal, second son, but heir of Thomas, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Henry Buyntun, knt. 
by the co-heir of Sir Martin Altesea ; and had issue Marmaduke, Brian, and Anne. 

6. Sir Marmaduke Tunstal, of Thurland Castle and Brantingham, in the bishopric of Durham, married Mary, 
daughter and co-heir of Sir Robt. Skargill, of Thorp Stapleton, near Leeds, knt. ; and had issue Francis ; 
Anne, married to Sir John Dawney, of Sezay, knt. ; and * • married to » * Middleton, Esq. This Sir 
Marraaduke's will bears date a.d. 1556. For the marriage of Scargill with Tunstall see Leland's Itin."^ 

7. Francis, only son and heir of Sir Marmaduke, was twice married ; first, to Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Radcliffe, of Ordsall, in Lancashire, Esq. by whom he had Bridget, married lo Francis Trollop, of Thornley^ 
in the bishopric of Durham ; he, secondly, married Anne, daughter of Richard Bold, of Bold, in Lancashire, 
Esq. By her he had Francis ; Alice, married to Mr. \Vm. Tunstal ; Elizabeth, married to Wm. Lascelles, 
of Brackenborough, Esq. ; and Thomasin. 

8. Francis Tunstal, of Thurland Castle, son and heir of Francis, married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard 
Gascoigne, of Sadbury, Esq.; and had issue Marmaduke, Thomas, John; Frances, married to Thomas 
Wray, Esq. son and heir of Sir Nicholas Wray, knt. ; Jane, married to » * Claxton, Esq. son and heir of 
Sir John Claxton, knt. ; Mary, and Elizabeth. 

9. Marmaduke Tunstal, Esq. son and heir of Francis, married Margaret, daughter and co-heir of William 
Wycliffe, of Wycliffe, Esq.; and had William; Francis Tunstal, who lived at Ovington, and married 
Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Kiddel, of Fenham, in Northumberland, knt. ; Elizabeth, married 
George Markham, of Allerton, in Com. Notting. Esq. ; and Katharine, married to Thomas Cholmley, of 
Bransby, Esq 

10. William Tunstal, of Wycliffe, by Mary, eldest daughter of Sir Edw. Radcliffe, of Dilston, in Northumber- 
land, Bart, had issue A. D. 1665, Francis, Thomas, ob. S. Pr. at York; Mary, married to Henry Liddel, of 
Tenacres, in the Bishopric of Durham, Esq. ; Christiana and Margaret, both nuns ; Elizabeth, married to 
» * • • Carrol, in Ireland, and .\nne, to Ralph Crathorne, of Crathorne and Ness, Esq. 

11. Francis Tunstal, Esq. married Cicely, daughter of John Constable, Lord Viscount Dunbar, in Scotland, 
by whom he had several children, who died young, and the following, viz. Marmaduke, Cuthbert, Mathias, 
ob. S. P. (to whom William, Lord Viscount Dunbar, left his estate, on condition of his taking the name of 
Constable;) Catherine, » * » ♦ Anne, Mary, and Cecily, all nuns. 

12. Marmaduke Tunstal, of Wycliffe, Esq. died unmarried, A.u. 1760, aged 88 years, leaving his estate to 
Marmaduke Constable, Esq. on condition that he should take upon him the name of Tunstal. 

12. Culhbert Constable, alias Tunstal, Esq. second son of Francis, married two wives; first Amey, daughter 
of Hugh Lord Clifford, of Ugbrooke, in Devonshire, who died of the small pox, 25 Aug. 1731 , being about 
six months pregnant, having had William, who died young; second William, born in 1722; Cecily, 
born A.D. 1724, married in 17-18, to Edward Sheldon, of Winchester, Esquire, by whom she had 
William, Edward, and Francis, and Winefrid, born 1730, unmarried in 1761. To his second wife, 
Cuthbert married Elizabeth, daughter of George Hencage, of Hainton, in Lincolnshire, Esq. by her had 
Marmaduke Constable, Esq. ; to whom, as before stated, his uncle, Marmaduke Tunstall, of Wycliffe. Esq. 
left his estate. 

» Camb. p. 505. Edit. 1587. " Mon. Ebor. v. 1. p. 2S7. "^ P. 44, folio 4, v. 1. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 239 

WYCLIFFE'S PEDIGREE. 

A.D. 1278, 6 Edw. T. Sir Robert de Wycliffe was a witness to a charter, along with Sir William Skargill.'' 
In 10 Edw. I. A.D. 1282, upon an inquisition, held to inquire into the extent of the lands belonging to the 
honor of Richmond, this Sir Robert WyclifFe was one of the jurors, along with Sir William Skargill ;'' and 
in the same year he paid half a mark for one knight's fee, in Iloton Parva, towards the ward of Richmond 
Castle.'^ By Kirby's Inquest, A.D. 1287, 15 Edw. I. Robt. de Wycliffe held 1 2 carucates of land in Wy cliff. 
Thorp, and Girlington.'' 

Roger Wycliffe lived in 12 Edw. II. a.d. 1319'' 

1. William Wycliffe, of WycUffe, Esq. about the time of Edw. II. married Frances, daughter of Sir Robert 
Bellasis, knt. 

2. John Wycliffe, of Wycliffe, Esq. son and heir of Sir William, married Anne, or Agnes, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Rokeby, of Rokeby, knt. ; and had Robert, or John ; Alice, married to Sir Richard Conyers, of 
Cowton, knt. third son of Sir Christopher Conyers, knt. By an inquisition, held 41 Edw. III. ad. 1367, 
it seems this John, the father, was then dead, as his heirs held then three carucates of land in Thorpe-upon- 
Tese, by military service and valet per ann. 5 marks.' 

3. Robert, or John Wycliffe, son and heir of John, married Margaret, daughter or sister of Sir John Conyers, 
of Hornby, knt. ; and had issue Ralph, John, Robert, a priest, living in the reign of Richard II. ; William, 
Richard, Margaret, married to Mr. Girlington ; a second daughter, married to Robert Thirkeld, Esq. 

4. Ralph Wycliffe, Esq. eldest son of Robert, married Anne, daughter of Sir William Bowes, of Stretton, in 
the bishopric of Durham, knt. ; and had Elizabeth, married to George Carr, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Esq. ; 
Alice, married to Thomas Middleton, Esq. ; Anne, married to Sir William Mauleverer, of Wothersom, knt. ; 
and Agnes, married to Anthony Brakenbury, of Sellaby, in the county of Durham, Esq. 

5. John Wycliffe, second sen of Robert, and brother of Ralph, married two wives ; first Elizabeth, daughter 
of Mr. Parkinson, by her he had WiUiam, Agnes, married to Christopher Madison, of Sunderland, Esq. ; 
Anne, married to Mr. John Nixon ; Grace, to Robert Mallet, of Whitwell, in the Bishoprick of Durham, 
Esq.; Elizabeth, married to John Racket, of Warrington, in Riclimondshire, Esq.; and Robert, John, 
George or Ralph, who all died s. p. John, secondly, married * * * * daughter of Robert Thirkeld, Esq. 
but what issue he had by her does not appear. 

.5. William Wycliffe, Esq. married also two wives, first Dorothy, daughter and heir to Mr. John Place, of 
Halnatby, and by her had Francis, Ralph, John, ob. s. p. Jane. Margery, married to Mr. Thomas Blenkinsop, 
of Helbeck, in Westmoreland, and Margaret ; to his second wife he married Muriel, daughter of Sir William 
Eure, knt. by whom he had issue John, Peter, married * * * * daughter of * * * * and had Elizabeth, 
married to Sir George Newcommou, knt. chancellor of Canterbury, Margaret, Mary, Muriel, ob. s. p. in 
1584. 

6. Francis Wycliffe, Esq. son and heir of William, living 27 Eliz. a. d. 1585, married Jane, daughter of Thos. 
Rokeby, of Northara, in Richmondshire, Esq. and had William, Thomas, John, ob. s. p. Muriel, Elizabeth, 
and Anthony. 

7. William Wycliffe, Esq. son and heir of Francis, married Muriel, daughter of * * • Blakiston, of Blakiston, 
in the bishopric of Durham, Esq. and had Dorothy, married to John Withram, of Cliffe, Esq. and Catherine, 
married to Marmaduke Tunstal, of Scargill Castle, Esq. ob. IGl 1. 

' Gale's Honor of Richmond, p. 68. "Esc. 10 E. I. n. 26, MS.S. penes J. Burton, M.D. p. 23. 

' Ibid, p. 26. '' Gale's Honor of Richmond, p. 50, « Ibid, pp. 71, 73. 

' Esc. 41 E. III. n. 47. MS.S. penes J. Burton, M.D. p. 118. 

VOL. II 2 K 



240 SWINE. 

The Park. — In the Saxon times, though no man was allowed to kill, or chase, the 
king's deer, yet he might start any game, pursue, and kill it, upon his own estate ; but 
the rigours of the new laws, after the Conquest, vested the sole property of all the game 
in England, in the king alone, upon the principle, that the king is the ultimate proprietor 
of all the lands in the realm. In this part of the prerogative, the Conqueror, and his suc- 
cessors, committed flagrant abuses, and so insupportable were the severities introduced by 
the forest laws, that the slaughter of an animal was made as penal as the death of a man. 
The clauses in the celebrated charter of King John, and the charter in the succeeding 
reign, however calculated to mitigate the severity, seem not to have shewn their influence 
in its full extent, at least not within this seigniory, till the reign of Edward I. One 
instance of indulgence, and one only, occurs previously, when Hawise, Countess of Albe- 
marle and Lady of Holderness, grants to Fulco de Oyri, a charter of free warren, ^. e. an 
exclusive right of pursuing and killing game throughout the whole franchise. It was left 
for Edw. I. to diswarren Holderness ; to grant his knights, and frank tenants in general, 
in this district, not only the liberty to pursue and kill, beasts and fowls of warren in their 
own royalties, but also the still further indulgence of inclosing their woods, and of making 
parks. This memorable charter bears date, 4 June, 1280, 9 E. I., to which period may 
be referred, with great probability, the origin of this park, and of others in the wapentake. 
The franchise was no doubt granted, as much willi a view to preserve the breed of animals, 
as a source of indulgence to the subject. In Dr. Whitaker's History of Whalley, there 
is an abstract of the laws and customs of the forests, rich in every species of information 
relative to the subject." Among many singular customs attached to the privileges of a 
forest, — no forester was permitted to arrest an off'ender against vert or venison unless he 
were taken in the manor, which he might be in the four following situations : — 

Stable stand. 

Dog draw, 

Back bear. 

Bloody hand. 
Sfahlc stand, when a man was found with a long-bow, or cross-bow, bent ; or standing 
with greyhounds in his leash, ready to let them slip. Dog draw, when a man had already 
wounded a deer, and was found drawing after him, with an hound or other dog to recover 
him in his flight. Back hear, when actually carrying off" a deer which he had killed. 
Bloody hand, when a man was found coursing, or returning from coursing, within the 
forest, in a suspicious manner, with his hands embrued in blood. All these were to be 
arrested and committed to prison, where they were to await the court of justice seat, unless 
delivered by the king's especial command. 

" Pages 193 to 204. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 241 

The Bos Urus, once the inhabitant of this park, is a subject so interesting, that a few 
particulars, furnished by the most eminent naturalists in this department of the science of 
modern times, cannot be misplaced. The individuals of the Scotch Urus, observes 
Hamilton Smith, in the park of Burton Constable, were all destroyed in the middle of the 
last century, by a distemper. The race is entirely of a white colour ; the muzzle invariably 
black ; the inside of the ear, and about one-third part of the outside, from the tips down- 
ward, red ; the horns are white, with black tips of a fine texture, and, as in fossil skulls, 
bent downwards. Bulls weigh from 35 to 45 stone, and cows from 25 to 35 stone, 14 lbs. 
to the stone. Before they were kept in parks they were probably larger and more rugged ; 
old bulls still acquire a kind of mane, about two inches long, and their throat and breast 
are covered with coarser hair. Those at Burton Constable differed from the others in 
having the ears and tips of the tail black. In their manners, also, they are unlike domestic 
oxen, and assimilated more to the ancient Urus. Upon perceiving a stranger, these 
animals gallop wildly in a circle round him, and stop to gaze, tossing their heads and 
shewing signs of defiance ; they then set off and gallop round a second time, but in a 
contracted circle, repeating their circular mode of approaching till they are so near, that 
it becomes prudent to retire from their intended charge. The cows conceal their young 
calves for eight or ten days, going to suckle them two or three times a day ; if a person 
comes near the calf, it conceals itself by crouching. One, not more than two days old, 
very lean and weak, was discovered by Dr. Fuller ; on his stroking its head, it got up, 
pawed the ground, bellowed very loud, and going back a few steps, bolted at his legs. It 
then began to paw again and made another bolt, but missing its aim, fell, and was so weak 
as not to be enabled to rise. By this time, however, its bellowings had roused the herd, 
which came instantly to its relief, and made the Doctor retire. When one of this breed 
happens to be wounded, or is disabled by age and sickness, the others set upon it and 
gore it to death. These animals were killed by a large assembly of horsemen and 
country people, armed with muskets ; the former rode one from the herd, and the latter 
took their stations on walls or trees. There was grandeur in such a chase, but from 
the number of accidents which occurred it was laid aside. We believe, says Hamilton 
Smith, that at present none remain, excepting at Chillingham Castle, the i)roperty of the 
Earl of Tankerville, near Berwick-upon-Tweed ; at Gisburne, in Craven;" at Lime Hall, 
iu Cheshire ; and at Chartly, in Staffordshire. The anecdote, above given, of Dr. Fuller, 
has been ascribed to Mr. Bailey, of Chillingham. There is also a breed, not perfectly 

^ A plate of one of the wild cows is given, p. 38, in Whitaker's History of Craven, who says, that the species 
in Gisburne Park, differs from those of Lyme, in Cheshire, and Chillingham Castle, in Northumberland, in 
being without horns. They are white, save the tips of their noses, which are black ; rather mischievous, 
especially when guarding their young, and approach the object of their resentment in a very insidious manner 

2 K 2 



white, in the Duke of Hamilton's park, in Lanarkshire, in Scotland. It seems hardly 
necessary to refute the opinion of a modern compiler, on " British Animals," that, " the 
remains of Oxen which occur in marie pits in this country, seem all to belong to the Bos 
Taurus" or common ox, for both Cuvier and Hamilton Smith have proved that they are 
those of the Bos Urus. 

The whole district of Holderness is low, yet it is not without its hills and undulations, 
presenting in some parts very picturesque scenery. The park in which Burton Constable 
is situated, partakes of this description. To the east and south-east it is flat ; to the west 
and north-west, pleasantly varied to the summit of Roe Hill, from which is an extensive 
prospect, including Beverley, Hull, the Humber, the Yorkshire Wolds, and Lincolnshire 
Hills. There are two approaches to the mansion house, one from the south-west, the 
other from the north-east. The approach from the south-west is through the lodge, which 
is lofty, and has a spacious gateway, with octangular embattled towers. It was designed 
by Wyatt, and erected by Wm. Constable, Esq. in 1786. From the rising ground, a little 
in advance of the lodge, an imperfect view is obtained of the house ; a full view of a por- 
tion of its wooded park, lake, bridge, &:c. These grounds were laid out by Launcelot 
Brown, Esq. known by the sobriquet of" Capability Brown." Much, however, has since 
been skilfully and tastefully added, first, by Edward Constable, and secondly, by George 
Clifford, Esq. ; to the latter. Burton Constable owes a considerable portion of its thriving 
woods, the result of his unwearied attention to planting and draining, during the period of 
the minority of the present possessor. The lake covers sixteen acres of ground. The 
circuit of the park and ornamental pleasure grounds, about five miles and a half. The lake 
or sheet of water, is situated a quarter of a mile from the mansion, it extends along the 
slope which forms the gradual rise towards Roe Hill, and at one end is terminated by a 
building called the jMenagerie ; the other termination is concealed by a hanging wood, 
through which it has the appearance of continuing its course. In the widest part is a small 
wooded island, the resort of swans and wild fowl, which are numerous, from being 
unmolested. A considerable portion of the park is allotted to fallow deer, of which there 
are generally about 500 head. There are two deer paddocks for red deer, of which there 
are between 80 and 90 ; these are kept for the chase, and have for the last five years 
been trained and hunted by Sir Clifford Constable. The walled garden, hot-houses, and 
conservatories, which occupy about seven acres, are situated at a short distance from the 
head of the lake. There is a good avenue of ancient elms, and a walk, deeply shaded with 
horse chesnuts, runs parallel with it, from whence an excellent view of the house is obtained, 
and some idea of its extent may be formed from these points — a beautiful garden has been 
formed on the west lawn, laid out in the French style, ornamented with statues, and many 
rare and curious birds are kept in roomy aviaries ; others, which have become attached to 



■I 




MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 243 

the place from being regularly fed, are allowed to be at large, and display their native 
plumage in a climate foreign to their habits. 

The House is seen to great advantage from several points in the extensive pai'k. It 
has two principal fronts, east and west. The west front is 131 feet in length, with an 
embattled tower at each end, these are raised but little above the roof of the central portion, 
but add greatly to the appearance. The front is ornamented with Doric columns and 
pediment, surmounted by a military trophy. The monogram of Cuthbert Constable runs 
along, and forms the parapet, and has a good effect. The beauty of this part of the build- 
ing was destroyed by the insertion of modern windows some years ago : the more correct 
taste of its present possessor has restored the original design. The east front, exclusive 
of the wings, is 133 feet. The wings project at right angles from the tower, similar to 
those in the west front, and form three sides of a quadrangle. They are not so lofty as 
the other parts of the edifice. The centre of this front has a cupola at each end, with a 
Doric pediment between them, supporting the arms of the family. This is the principal 
entrance. These fronts appear to have been built upon and added to a more ancient 
erection, said to be of the reign of Henry VHI. The buildings of the south front are 
principally composed of numerous offices and servants' apartments, which, with the north 
front, are very irregular ; and are evidently the remains of a much older edifice, as well 
as composed of different materials. Tradition assigns the northern portion to as early a 
period as the reign of Stephen, the name of Stephen's tower being still retained. The 
compiler of these pages spent many days in one of the apartments of this tower, investi- 
gating and arranging the manuscripts previously to commencing the History. 

Interiiir. — The entrance-hall is spacious and well-proportioned, and forms a double cube, 60 long, 30 
broad, and 30 high. The chimney-piece is Doric, in the centre a panther, the emblem of Pacchus, beautifully 
carved on a tablet of oak. holding a Thyrsus ; in tlie back ground a distant view of Indian scenery ; over the 
mantle- piece, the arms of the family inlaid the shield of marble, the bearings in mosaic, in valuable stones of 
proper heraldic colours, encircled by a carving of an oak in full leaf A statue of Demosthenes, and another 
of Hercules, dragging Terberus from the infernal regions, both as large as life, are placed in niches on each 
side of the fire-place. The cornice consists of an architrave, supported by 18 brackets ; dwarf pilasters rest on 
the architrave, dividing the cornice into 16 compartments : the light is admitted into the hall through five of 
these by small muUioned windows, of the same form as five larger ones below. There are five corresponding 
windows in the cornice on the opposite side, through which light is transmitted to another part of the 
mansion, from whence the hall is overlooked. The form and unequalled size of the windows woalj, per- 
haps, diminish the beauty of the hall, were they not partially excluded by the elegant form and depth of 
the cornice, which is vaulted. Within the arches are shields, on which are emblazoned different quar- 
terings of the family arras. The ceiling, properly so called, is a parallelogram, ornamented with quatre foils. 
In the centre, from a flower, is suspended a splendid hexagonal lantern of plate glass. The paintings are — 
1. A portrait, by Barron, of Wra. Constable, in the dress and character of Cato,— his sister, Winifred, stands 
near him, as Marcia. 2. A painting of the bust of P. C, Scipio Africanus. 3. Of L. J. M. E. Brutus. -1. 
Sir Henry Constable, knight, who lived in the reign of Henry VIII. 5. Sir John Constable, governor of 



244 SWINE. 

Scarbro' Castle. C. Sir Henry Constable, knight, first Lord Dunbar. 7. Three other portraits of the Lords 
Dunbar. (These are all full length.) 8. A portrait of Charles II. 9. Of James II. 10. A view of Burton 
Constable, in the days of Elizabeth. 11. The meeting of the Burton Constable hounds ; the horses and riders' 
portraits. A billiard table. Two beautiful tables, in imitation of porphyry. One scagliola. Stuffed birds. 
A stag, renowned for his performances in the chase. A dog, of the name of Wolf, of the arctic breed, intro- 
duced into England by Captain Parry, prized for his sagacity and fidelity, which occasioned a wound from the 
stiletto of an assassin at Rome, and ultimately his being poisoned in Paris ; preserved and brought over to 
England ; he is now stationed in the hall of his master, and still appears ihe mimic guardian of the property of 
him whose life he once defended, and perhaps preserved. Chartist's pikes. Flags used in the procession at 
York, when Sir Clifford was high sheriff of the county. 

Dining. Room, 26 feet long, 2 I broad, and 16 high. The walls are ornamented with medallions, vases, &c. 
in basso-relievo. One vase, of Bacchus contending with hymen, is very fine. Over the chimney-piece, which 
is of statuary marble, sculptured in the Ionic style; Bacchus is represented on a panther, carrying off Ariadne, 
after she had been abandoned by Theseus. The style of the room is also Ionic. The subjects of the vases 
and medallions are all classical, The ornaments which surround them, consist of exquisite wreaths of fruit, 
flowers, snakes, &c. looped on satyr's heads, the brackets, where they occur, are panther's heads, holding 
bunches of grapes in their mouths, ftc. 

The principal Draning-room and the Chapel occupy the whole extent of the ground floor of the great 
south-west front. The interior of both are said to be in an unfinished state. The antique furniture of the 
former has neither lost its commodious form, nor is the drapery so far deteriorated as to deprive it of the supe- 
riority the works of antiquity generally retain when compared with the frippery of modern times. The furniture 
of this room, if removed, can never be re-placed. The proportions of the room are 45 ft. long, 30 fc. broad, and 
20 ft. high. The chimney piece, of white marble, is beautifully sculptured with a Roman marriage ; it cost, 
including the grate, -420 guineas. Five mirrors, of large dimensions, adorn its walls : and a magnificent lamp, 
from the centre, has elegant gilt branches of the olden time. A table, containing 200 specimens of marble. 
When Wedgewood, whose skill and industry had raised the character of the English earthenware, made the famed 
imitation of the Herculaneum vases, they were submitted to the eye of royalty, in the reign of George III. ; 
but not being purchased, Wm. Constable wrote, reque.sting he might become the purchaser. His offer was 
accepted ; the grateful artist presented his patron with a case of raised figures and portraits of distinguished 
characters, which forms at present one of the ornaments of this apartment. The ceiling is painted, representing 
the seasons. Over one of the doors is an excellent painting of a dog, by Sneiders ; a tigress and her young, 
by Reubens ; an east view, and a general view, of Burton Constable, by Barrett. 

The Chapel is in the Ionic style. There are many good paintings in it. The font once belonged to the 
chapel at Marton, alluded to in ihe descri|ition of that place. 

The Breakfast-room is in the centre of the west front, and is lighted by a magnificent projecting window ; 
it is 18 ft. in breadth, and 14 ft. in depth : the internal periphery is fifty feet, constituting a considerable apart- 
ment of itself. Two elegant Doric pillars support an architrave, which sustains the superincumbent ceiling ; 
and there are two pilasters of the same order at each end of the window, which is in the form of a pentagon. 
It is muUioned in the style which is generally termed Elizabethan, which is the character of the whole front, 
and every other window in it. The ceiling formed by the bay is the half of a very elegantly finished dome, in 
stucco ; the ornamental portions finely gilded. The remainder of the room a parallelogram, being 25 ft. 6 in. 
long, 19 ft. 6 in. broad, and 1.5 ft. 3 in. high. The mouldings of the doors, pillars, pilasters, their capitals and 
bases, the bordering of the paper, are all ornamented with dead and burnished gold. The furniture, a costly 
specimen of green and gold. The chimney-piece is of marble, wrought at Kendal, in Westmoreland ; over the 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 245 

mantel-piece is a beautiful French clock, in or. molu, supported by finely-moulded and higbly-finished full 
length figures. The walls are hung with valuable paintings : — 1. The Holy Family ; 2. Neapolitan Fete, by 
Fabricius; 3 Satyr and Nymph, by Reubens ; 4. Naples— its inhabitants eating maccaroni, ibid ; 5. Beauti- 
fully done in Crayons, Wm. Constable, in the dress of Rousseau ; 6. Spanish rural pastimes ; 7. the same 
subject; 8 Mary Magdalene, by Guide; 9. a large painting of the landing of Louis XVIII. at Calais, in 
1814, taken on the spot (valuable for its number of portraits) by Bird, R.A. ; cost 500 guineas ; 10. a view of 
Florence, by Canclotte. To describe the splendid furniture would fill a volume. 

The Morning Brarving Room, 29 ft. long, 20 ft. 4 in. broad, and 15 ft. high. The chimney pieceof mixed 
marble, very elegant ; the ornamental portions are white ; the shafts of the pillars of native marble, from 
Hawesfell, in Westmorland. Over the mantel piece two large agate basins, supported by highly finished figures 
in or molu. The mirror formerly belonged to the Doge of Venice ; it has a deep frame of exquisite carving, 
consisting of figures, foliage, and flowers; the figures ?Lxe\\\ua\.rsi\\weoi L'amour fail passer le temps. The paint- 
ings — 1. A landscape, by Wouvermans ;* 2, another, by Paul Potter; 3. winter landscape, by Vollardt; 4. group 
of horses, by Cuyp ; 5. La Madonna de la Seddia, a fine copy from Raphael's painting in the collection of the 
grand Duke of Tuscany ; G. group of horses, cattle, &c. by Cuyp ; 7. Pharcah and his host in the red sea, by 
Orazio F'arinato ; 8 family portraits, in miniature ; 9. a three-quarter length of Wm. Constable, in wax ; 10. 
acupid; 11. another collection of family portraits, in miniature; 12. Wm. Constable, another, in wax ; 13. 
Moses striking the rock, by Orazio Farinato ; 14. painter's study, by Both; 15. Venice, by Claude ; 16. View 
in Germany ; 17. chemist's shop, by Both; 18. cattle, goats, and sheep, by Paul Potter ; 19. group of horses, 
by Wouvermans. There are two splendid ebony cabinets, once a portion of the royal furniture in the Chateau 
de Versailles ; two elegant vases placed upon them. It would be endless to particularize the various ornaments, 
the splendid branches, chandeliers, &c. in or molu, with which this room is ornamented ; there are no less 
than 50 lights which illuminate this gorgeous apartment at night, and being poured upon the mass of gold 
scattered around, renders the scene most dazzling, There are two gilded and handsomely carved Egyptian 
sarcophagi, which occupy the space left by the two beautiful old mullioned windows, which assist in lighting 
this room. The walls are covered with a rich green damask satin. The window curtains and furniture of 
crimson damask satin. The account of this apartment must be closed by naming two splendid screens, in 
massive frames of dead and burnished gold; they are of needlework, one a girafle, by Lady Constable; the 
other a macaw, by Miss Chichester. 

The Chinese Room is fitted up throughout in the Chinese fashion, with the exception of the fire place ; the 
length, including the recess formed by tlie window, 29 ft. 9 in. breadth, 20 ft. 4 in. height, 15 ft. Sin. ; the walls are 
covered with an elegant Chinese paper, bordered with a delicately-silvered bamboo moulding. The cornice, turned 
up eaves of houses, ornamented with bells, placed at intervals, of which there are, including the windows, 131, the 
style of ornament so prevalent in Chinese buildings. Two immense dragons support the window curtains ; they 
are placed at each corner of the old mullioned windows, so as to give an effect in keeping with the style so 
prevalent throughout the room. There are two magnificent Chinese cabinets, ornamented and embossed with 
brass, made of the Narmon wood ; which, according to the Chinese, will last for a thousand years, being im- 
pervious to the worm. The tops of these are really loaded with beautiful specimens of china. Underneath 
are two beautiful models of Pagodas, richly inlaid with mother of pearl ; and a Chinese trunk, also inlaid, in 
the usual manner of that singular people, with copper and mother of pearl ; they are express importations from 
the celestial empire. There are two other cabinets ; splendid tables, covered with Chinese ornaments ; two 
China dishes, twenty inches in diameter, supported by silvered dolphins ; a profusion of Dresden and other 
china ; specimens of rare and curious birds ; treasures of vertu contained in the cabinets, Sec. &c. The apart- 
° Quere, Van Broom, or perhaps Landerwasft. 



246 SWINE. 

ment is lighted, when required, by a lantern of stained glass, suspended from a grotesque representation of a 
dragon in the centre of the ceiling. There are also branch chandeliers, of Chinese construction, on separate 
sides of the room, supported by grotesque figures, Uc. 

The Boudoir. — This beautiful but small apartment, being about 16 ft. 2 in. by 1 1 ft. broad, and 1 1 ft high, 
has the walls and ceiling fluted with white and pink muslin, finished off with pink silk drapery, with the 
el^ant and delicate monthly rose The chimney-piece is of white marble ; two pannels, composed of mirrors, 
ornament the terminations of the window, and a third is placed opposite to it, over the fire place. The last is 
an exquisitely carved and gilded frame ; it was a portion of the ornamental furniture of the Place de Versailles. 
The tables and chairs are of painted velvet, of Paris manufacture; the carpet is after a design by Lady Con- 
stable, made at Axminster. An elegant screen of open work, composed of sprigs and the flowers of the pink 
rose, by Miss Chichester. The lantern of plate glass, mounted on exquisite Dresden china, and or molu, is 
one of the greatest ornaments in the room. The china consists chiefly of fohage, flowers, and birds. The 
lantern is suspended from the centre of the ceiling by a silken cord, enwreathed with pink silk, white mushn, 
and pink roses. Under the mirror, on the raaniel-piece, is a beautiful clock, in or molu, ornamented with 
Dresden china, representing the fable of the wolf and the kmb. The clock forms the centre of a wreath of 
Dresden china, which partially encircles the mirror, and is composed of birds, animals, foliage, flowers, and 
rural scenery. Some of the figures support the branches which contain the lights : others are represented in 
bowers, playing on sylvan instruments, ice. This lady's bower terminates the magnificent suite of rooms 
already described.' 

Tfte Grand Staircase, or Staircase Hall, is 49 ft long. 30 ft. broad, and 30 ft. high. The chimney piece 
of white veined marble, of the Doric order. The grate of massive workmanship, executed in or molu, well 
adapted for the burning of wood, and formerly belonged to Versailles. The walls are covered with paintings, 
by the first masters; among the principal are — 1. over the mantel piece, Cataline and his associates pledging 
themselves to overthrow the Roman constitution, a superb painting by Yion; 2. to the right, another large 
painting, the subject Gunelda, the empress of Germ:iny, daughter of Canute, King of England, being accused 
of adultery, and treated as guilty by the Emperor, was defended by her page, who, in public combat, has slain 
her accuser ; after this (the scene chosen by the painter) she refuses to be reconciled to her husband, and deter- 
mines to retire into a convent, by Cassali; 3. to the left, opposite side, the assassination of Edward the Martyr, 
by order of Elfrida, also by Cassali; 4. Demostheni's, and a slave, bound, subjected to the torture; o. Henry 
VIII, in his youth, a portrait, by Ameau. A clock, marked in the reign of Louis Quartorz, beneath it a bust of 
Chas. Fitzherbert, Esq. Over the drawing-room door, a cast of Hercules. Left of the fireplace, a portrait of 
Lord Clifford, Lord High Treasurer in the reign of Chas. II. whose initial letter formed, with those of Arlington, 
ton, Burlington, Ashley, and Lauderdale, the notorious word Cabal. Two statues as large as life, one on each side 
of the drawing-room door. There is another bust of a female, and a full length female figure. -A. case containing 
armour; the keys of Irun, surrendered to Colonel Sir Charles Chichester, 81st regt. and Brigadier General in 
the Spanish Service. In a glass case, an equatorial telescope, invented by Hindley, of York, A case in which 

» On a fine hunting morning in November, Beynard finding himself hard pressed, made for one af the win- 
dows in the north west wing, being batDed in his attempt he rounded the corner, and being shut in a prisoner by 
the projecting wings, the hounds being close at his heels, he dashed through one of the kitchen windows, which 
being rather too hot to hold him, and the coast clear, he traced the passages, endeavoured to conceal himself in 
the Chinese room, but considering the mandarins not sufficient protection, he ensconced himself behind some 
shutters at the end of one of the approaches to the boudoir ; before the lady of the mansion could afford him 
her protection, which he deser\-ed for his confidence, the Nimrods had discovered him, and Reynard soon met 
the fate he had so cunningly endeavoured to avoid. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 24? 

i8 the model of Culverleigh, Devon, the seat of Joseph Chichester, Esq., &c. &c. Ascending the staircase — 
Aurora, by Guido ; St. Augustine, endeavouring to comprehend the mystery of the Trinity, is reproved by a 
child, who scoops out a hollow in the sand, and attempts to empty the ocean into it ; a woman taken in adul- 
tery, by Titian ; the Duchess of Feria, {Jane Dormer,) a portrait, who, on the death of her husband, became a 
nun ; a holy family ; an Italian painting ; east front of Burton Constable ; feeding the hungry, exemplified, by 
Schedoni ; Duchess of Feria, after she became a nun ; Coriolanus, and Volumnia, his mother, accompanied by 
his wife and Roman matrons, beseecliing him to spare the city ; adoration of the kings, by Alex. Veronese ; 

west front of Burton Constable, &c. by Barratt ; Bel feast, an ancient painting on wood ; landing of King 

William, by Stork ; a very fine portrait of an old woman ; portrait of Marmaduke Tunstall, who collected the 
Wycliffe Museum, now at Newcastle, by Walton ; Cuthbert Constable and his first wife. Miss Heneage ; Sir 
John Constable, knight, (15S9.) There are at least sixty other paintings in this splendid hall and staircase. 
It has four of the fine old muUioned windows for the admission of light ; a lamp suspended from its lofty 
ceiling, with ten lights; two candelabras on the mantel-piece, and by a succession surmounting the balustrades. 
The Library is entered from the grand staircase by folding-doors, the interior pannels of which are mirrors. 
There is no place from whence the eye can command a view of the whole, its length being 1 10 feet, breath 21 
feet, height 17 feet. This does not include three recesses, one of which constitutes a private theatre; another 
is appropriated to musical performances ; and the third a reading-room : it is pannelled throughout with English 
oak. The book-cases, which contain about 10,000 volumes, are of beautiful and highly polished knotted elm. 
The cornice is copied from the Bodleian, at Oxford ; and the ceiling, which has been restored, from drawings, 
is very elegant. Paintings, statues, and vases, are scattered in profusion. Over the door, two portraits,— to 
the right. Sir Henry Constable ; to the left, Mary, Queen of Scotland. Two portraits on each side the door, 
— that to the right, Margaret, (Lady Constable), and daughter of Sir Wm. Dormer; to the left. Sir Thomas 
Constable, Bart, (father of the present possessor.) Before the above are placed two alabaster vases, from 
Florence ; these are placed upon two tables of Verd antique ; the frames are richly carved and gilded spread 
eagles. Within the first recess, 14 feet deep and 19 wide, is the portrait of Brian Tuke, knight, on wood ; 
another of Erasmus, copied from Holbein. On the opposite side the uppermost portion, is John Fisher, 
bp. of Rochester, copied from Holbein; below it. Sir Thomas Moore, lord high chancellor of Fngland, a real 
Holbein. Here are also seen two most elegant marble statues of children, with bird and nest, from the cele- 
brated original at Florence. There is also a table, on an elegantly caived and gilded frame ; the top is of 
black marble, inlaid with fifteen landscape views, composed of beautiful Florentine mosaic, collected and 
arranged with great taste in their present position by Lady Constable. There are two fine ornaments placed on 
this table, composed of Dresden china, and ormolu. In this recess is placed a beautiful orange tree, with 
fruits, flowers, and leaves. Ou the branches are a great number of preserved birds, perched in natural atti- 
tudes, and some appear as if alive, and move to the music ; for this is not only an orange tree, but a musical 
one also ; the concealed mechanism of the tree produces an efl'ect which must be seen to be appreciated. 
Two splendid china jars, on gilded stands, 5 ft. .5 in. high, ornament this recess. Between the windows is a 
portrait of one of the Somerset family ; underneath, a scagliola table- design, Britannia. Further on, a por- 
trait of a girl, Cecily, sister of Wra. Constable, Esq. and wife of Wm. Sheldon, of Winchester, Esq. ; a scag- 
liola underneath —design, a landscape. Next recess, used for music ; another scagliola table, with a fancy 
landscape. To the left, the portrait of a female, name unknown ; beneath it, a person on horseback, name 
unknown. He is taking refreshment, accompanied by two greyhounds ; the painting is by Van Bloom, There 
is another table in this recess deserving of notice ; it consists of various specimens of marble. Further to the 
left, another portrait, unknown ; below, a painting by Van Bloom — subject, a market or fair. Over the chim- 
ney-piece, which is of white marble, is a portrait of Winifred Constable, when a cliild. There are also in this 

VOL. II. 2 E 



248 SWINE. 

recess, a grand piano-lorte, and other musical instruments ; a portrait by Vandyke, of Henrietta Maria, the 
heroic wife of Charles I. ; the door close to it leads to the recess which forms the reading room ; two small 
figures, excellent likenesses of Rousseau and Voltaire. Over the door of this small apartment, but in the 
interior of the library, is a portrait of Charles II. ; a portrait of Charles I. to the left, by Vandyke. Two 
portraits at the ends. Over the book cases, which are lettered — 
Bookcase N — A large painting. 

,, M — Two small statues, and a bust. 

,, L — A portrait of Machiavel, two Chinese vases, and a large and splendid vase from Herculaneum. 

,, K — A large painting of Venus reposing, copy from Titian in the Florence gallery ; two china vases. 
Over the door which leads to the museum, a portrait of Rubens. 

,, I— .A. tigress and young, by Rubens, two china vases, and ajar. 

,, H — Three statues. 

,, G — Portrait of a lady, supposed to he Amy Clifford, two china vases, and a jar. 
F — A portrait, supposed to be Miss Heneage, two china vases, and a jar. 

,, E — Three statues. 

,, D — A dog, by Sneider; a china vase. 

„ C — Head of a woman, supposed to be cut out of a damaged picture, representing Judith Ilolofernes 
and her attendant : a v.ise by Wedgewood, in imitation of the Herculaneum vases. 

„ B — A painting of Danae, copy from Titian, in possession of the king of Naples ; a bust of William 
Constable, two vases, and a jar. 

,, A — LucrPtia, a sphynx, lion, and lioness. 
'I'he chimney-piece is an exquisite piece of workmanship, composed of slightly veined white and beautiful 
sienna marble, with highly finished scagliola. The tablet in the centre, a fine specimen of mosaic, representing 
a ruin, with modern buildings in the back ground ; the whole is lofty, and of just proportions. A clock, 
which occupies the ctmpartment above, is of or molu, and buhl, constructed in the reign of Louis XIV. whose 
property it was. The branches on each side of it are antique; there are twelve on each chandelier, of ormolu. 
On the mantel-piece are two busts, one of Lady Constable, the other of Miss Chichester. There are three fine 
figures in ivory, Jupiter, Juno, Sinbad and the old man of the sea. The furniture is in general covered with 
red silk damask and velvet. The chairs, some of which are antient, or from antient patterns, are richly gilded. 
Two handsome screens, set in splendid frames of dead and burnished gold ; the one a Turk in the Bosnian 
costume, the other a Mameluke, both on superbly caparisoned chargers, in needle work. A superb ottoman, 
worked in the same style by Miss Chichester. Next is a table covered with rich velvet, placed upon a superb 
frame of gilded wood, profusely carved, on which stands a bird cage of or molu, covered with a profusion of 
flowers in fine Dresden china. A second table, being a solid slab of marble, inlaid by Raffaelli, of Rome; it 
contains upwards of 1.50 specimens of marble, of which there is a catalogue of the species, according to Arocato 
Corsi's work on antient marbles. It is 4 ft. G in. long, and 2 ft. broad, supported by a winged and gilded 
sphynx, carved in solid wood by Leonardi. Another table, of the same construction ; both weigh half a ton. 
A beautiful model of Tixall, by Miss Chichester. There are also other tables, of splendid execution ; a clock, 
on a marble pedestal, surmounted by a bronze equestrian statue, &c. &c. At this end of the library are two 
marble statues — the Venus de Medici, and the Apollo Belvidere, both from the antique There are also other 
splendid ornaments on the tables. From the centre of the ceiling are suspended three separate lamps, of 
elegant construction ; at each end of the room two tripods of burnished gold, ornamented with festoons looped 
on rams' heads ; these support five or molu branches and a central lamp each, termed courcells, giving 62 
lights. There are also, on the two centre tables, two or molu chandeliers, of six lights each. Lights are also 
placed within each recess, in such a manner as to give full effect when the whole are lighted up. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 249 

The Bed-Rooms are all in keeping with the splendid apartments already described. There are many fine 
l^aintings in them, by Guido, Teniers, Wouvermans, &c. Sec. as well as some statuary, and one or two Canovas. 

The stabling, the kennels, and other buildings, are on a scale quite in unison with an 
extensive establishment of this description. There are twenty hunters kept in training 
for the field, and about forty-five couple of dogs. Burton Constable stag hunting, 
however, is so celebrated, that it would be impossible to dismiss the subject without a 
passing description of the noble animals which are trained for the sport. The species is 
the old English red deer, with the exception of a few, a cross of the Cossac moun- 
tain deer ; by which cross the old English breed is greatly improved, and better 
fitted for the chase. The most suitable age is from four to ten years old. When young 
they are turned out in some secluded spot, free from observation, and where they have a 
line of country as much as possible exclusively to themselves ; those which are thus 
trained are found by experience to be the best runners. The method used in preparing 
thein for the chase is, to take them from the grass in the month of August, and inclose 
them in pens, with a shed attached, in as solitary a place as possible ; this also is the time 
for taking off their antlers. In these pens they are fed in the following manner : — three 
quarts of old oats per diem, for every head, during the first three weeks ; afterwards, two 
quarts, mixed with a small quantity of linseed and isinglass ; they are also provided with 
a pound and a half of old hay, or rye grass, which is sufficient food for a deer that is to be 
hunted throughout the season ; with the addition of a few ivy leaves once or twice in the 
week, and fresh soft water to drink. The haviers and hinds are the best runners till 
Christmas. In order to have them ready for the chase, they are taken from the pen on 
the day for hunting, before they have had any provender. After hunting, the one that 
has been hunted is placed alone, and a few holly branches thrown to him ; he remains two 
or three days, until recovered from his fatigue. The safest way to take the run down 
deer, is to seize him as soon as the dogs have run into him. To hunt tJiree days a week 
requires eleven brace. 

The splendid runs which so frequently occur are generally faithfully narrated in all the 
provincial papers, and so often meet the public eye as to require no detail in this place. 

BILTON. — According to Dodsworth," Bilton is included with Welwick and Patrington 
in the gift of Athelstan, to the church of St. John de Beverley. 

It is returned in Domesday : In Biletone Aldene had one carucate of land to be taxed, and there may be 
there one plough. Franco, a vassal of Drogo, has now there four villanes, having one plough and ten acres of 
meadow. One mile long and two quarentens broad. Value in king Edward's time ten shillings, and the same 
now. The church of St. John de Beverley had here a berewick, returned in the same survey. In Billetone 
three carucates of land to be taxed. Land to two ploughs. Thirteen villanes have there two ploughs and five 

" Dodsworth, 170, a. 52. 



250 SWINE. 

oxen. Very little information lias been obtained relative to this place immediately after the survey. A family 
took its name from the place, and are referred to in the Liber Melsa. Galfrid de Bilton, Walter and John, are 
mentioned ; and it will be seen in Ergbum, that John de Bilton gave lands in that place to the abbey. A Sir 
John, son of Sayer de Rilton, knt , grants to Agnes, daughter of John, son of the above Walter de Bilton, in 
Holderness, " totu' G mess-" in bis manor of Bilton. 'Witnessed by John de Bilton, at Bilton, 24 June, ISSO." 
In the lime of the 1.5th abbat, about 13 Jj, a Robert de Bilton occurs as son of William ; and another Robert, 
son of the said Robert, was living in 1401, 2 H. IV. who held in Gousill, East Hatfield, and Merton " 2 H. 
IV. post mortem, Isabel, who was wife of Walter de Fauconberg, held I carucate of land with its appurts. here, 
as of the manor ot Ryse. 1 7 II. VIII. Ralph Rookeby held lands here of the provost of the collegiate church 
of Beverley, by knt. service.'^ 28 H. VIII. the issues of the fee ferm annually paid to the provost of Beverley, 
for tenements in Bilton, was 3s. 4d. On the 29 II. VIII. Roger Flower held here of the king as of the honor 
ol Riclimond.'i Circa 30 II. VIII. John Flower sells the manor to Sir Wm. Knowles, knt. Sir Wm. Knowles, 
of Hull, having thus bought the manor of John Flower, Esq. by his last will, made 1 Sep. 4 &c 5 Ph. & Mary, 
leaves this manor to his wife, Joban, for her life, remainder to Mary Stanhope, wife of John Stanhope, in tail, 
remainder to Ann and Margaret Knowles, in tail ; remainder to the heirs of the testator, in fee. Mary had 
issue Catherine, who died an infant. Ann married Sir Launcelot Alford, had issue Sir Wm.. who, in 1622, 
20 James, settles this manor on Dorothy, in tail. Dorothy married Thomas Grantham, Esq., who, improving 
the manor by an inclosuie, sold it to Wm. Bedingfield, about 1647. 

Sir Wm. Knowles, of Bilton, knt by w. d. 1 Sep. 1557, gives his soul, Sec, and his body to be buried in 
the church of Bilton, or where God .shall dispose ; leaves to John Stanhope, Esq., if he shall live and cohabit 
with Mary Knowles, or any other daughter, lawfully, all the glass and sealing within the manor house of Bilton, 
and all the furniture. Michael Stanhope, second son of Sir Edward, 35 H. VIII. was constituted the king's 
steward of the great lordship of Holderness." Sir John Stanhope, first Lord Stanhope, third son of Sir Michael 
Stanhope, gent, of the privy chamber to Queen Elizabeth, married first, Joan, daur. and heiress of Wm. 
Knowles, of Bilton, she died s. p. he married secondly, Margaret, eldest daughter and co-heir of Henry Mac 
Williams, of Stanborne, in com. Essex, Esq.' It appears, 13 Eliz. that Wm. Hogg held a mess, and 3 bov. 
of arable, 20 acres meadow, a close called Ilelmsley Croft, in Bilton, of Wra. Knowles, de manerio suo.- Robt, 
Thorpe, per his fealty, held lands here, 36 Eliz. (inter alia) of the manor of Boos, by knight's service. 

To whom the manor passed from Wm. Bedingfield, Esq. does not appear. Lord Viscount Downe is the 
present lord of the manor, and sole proprietor, with the exception of three parcels of land. His lordship, 
when the Hon. and Rev. AV. Hen. Dawnay, became possessed of the estate under the will of Mrs. Bouchier, on 
the decease of the late Richard Thompson, of Eskrick Park, Esq in 1820." Catherine, the lady of the late 
Hon. Christopher Uawnay and Mrs. Bouchier, were daughters of Richard Roundell, in the Ainsiy of York, 
Esq. by his second wife, Eliz. daur. of John Ramsden, of Norton, Esq. There is no copyhold in the manor, 
and therefore courts are not often held. 

' Penes Lord Dunbar. '• Liber Melsa ; the Biltons bear— Argt. 3 chevronels embraced, azure, chief 

of the second, llildyard's MS. penes Mr. Beckwith, York. ^- Ridley, 4, 36. ■• Ridley, C, 109, 111. 

Sir Peter Freschville for the sum of £320, sells his manor and all his mess, and lands in the parishes of 
Xuttals, Brustwike, Preston, and parcel called Stokeholme, to Sir Wm. Knowles, of Bilton, 6 K. VI. Evidences 
of Freschville, p 59. ' Collins' Peerage, vol. 3, p. 261. 4 Edit. 1768. ' Collins' Peerage, vol. 3, 

p. 308, is referred to as the authority of this first marriage, but the 4th Edit. 1768, vol. 3, p. 263, mentions 
the second, but not the first marriage. •=■ Ridley, 4, 55-6. Wm. Hogg, alias Walgrave, of Bilton, gent, 

and Andreda Constable, of Kexby. had a license to marry, 6 June, 1592. " See page 64, vol. 2. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 251 

The Church, or CuApel, is a perpetual curacy. The living was endowed with £800. obtained from the 
Bounty Office, and also £400. additional, given by the late Mrs. Mildred Bouchier, which has since been 
invested in a small farm in the adjoining township of Wyton. In 1822, there was about £200. expended on 
the chapel in repairs. A house, with 4a. 2r. 14p. of glebe, adjoins the chapel. Net income, £45. 

8th March. 1 794. — Thomas Watson was presented by the abp. in his private capacity, and then conveyed 
the patronage to Mrs. Bouchier. 29th July, 1824.— On the death of Mr. Watson, John Overton, jun. was 
presented by the Hon. and Rev. Wm. Henry Dawnay ; and subsequently, on the cession of Mr. Overton, the 
same patron presented the Rev. Edw. Williams, the present incumbent. The present patron. Lord Viscount 
Downe. 

Testamentary Burials.- 19th Sept. 1432, Wm. Howes, vicar, w. p. 19lh Oct. Uth Sept. 1447, Wra. 
Mostrop, w. p. 26th Sept. 6th March, 1462, Brian Davil, w. p. 6th April, 14C3. 14th May, 1537, Seth 
Snawell, Esq. w. p. 12th June, in the middle aisle. 8th July, 1556, Rd. Hogge, gent. Bylton, w. p. ult. Sept. 
in the quire, 1st Sept. 1557, Sir Wm. Knowles, knt. w. p. 28th Nov. 6th May, 1564, Wm. Lambert, vicar, 
w. p. 9th March, in the churchyard. 14th June, 1621, Thos. Relwood, clerk, w. p. 18th December, 1623, in 
the quire, near his predecessor, Mr. Lambert. 1660, Henry Raines, Wyton, w. d. 2nd Feb. 1653, buried in 
the church. 

The Fabric, dedicated to St. Peter, is a small building of early English character, 
consisting of a body, with a bell turret at the west end. On the south side, three long 
narrow lancet-headed windows, with an early English doorway, the dripstone of which has 
a distorted head on its apex ; the doorway is entered through a modern brick porch. 
There is a small square light of the same age as the rest. The north side has similar 
windows and doorway, the latter blocked up. At the east end three, and at the west end 
one, lancet window, all having small dripstones, with a flower ornament in the sofSt at 
the top of the arch. The whole built of small hewn stone, with brick repairs ; the bell 
turret all of brick, battlemented ; the roof slated. The Interior is small but neat ; the 
roof ceiled. There are seven neat pews, and four backed seats ; the floor is of brick. 
The pulpit placed against the north wall ; the Lord's Prayer and Belief on the east wall, 
between the windows. The font is very old, small, and circular, and is protected by a 
wooden case surmounted by a dove. Part of the west end is separated from the rest 
by a brick partition, which seems to have been erected when the turret was built for the 
purpose of supporting it, the turret appearing to be a later addition. A neat com- 
munion table and railing. There are two bells. The chapel yard is small. 

MoNOMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS.— Eliz. Brighani d. Oct. 3, 1753, asi. 85. Wm. Raines, Esq. d. Dec. 19, 1833, 
set. 63. Fanny Raines, wife of Wm. Raines, of Wyton, Jan. 26. 1807, jet. 28. Wm. Raines, d. 30th Nov. 
1798, eet. 61. Also, Ann, his ivife, d. 16th Nov. 1781, set. 31. On a large stone of dark granite, which pro- 
bably was (he altar stone— Here lieth A. E. Well, whose bright lustre death hath truely set in foyle but not in 
earth ; whose brighter fame, though he in ashes lye, will still survive times longest memorye. Georgius 
Manbye Miles, obiit Biltonias, apud Holdernesse Decembris 2° sepultus 4" 1657. At the west end, a Latin 
inscription and epitaph, to the memory of the Rev. Thomas Watson, p. c. of Bilton, ob. June, 1824, aet. 62. 
Ann Hunter, died May 12, 1813, a>t 52 years M. AV. on a floor stone, supposed to mean Mary Witty : as 
on a stone erected against the wall adjoining is, Mary Witty, ob. 25th Jan. 1791, aH. 69. 



252 SWINE. 

It is a neat village situate on the old turnpike road, equi-distant between Hull and Iledon. By a recent 
survey, it contains llSOi. 29p. tithe free, land tax redeemed. There are a few respectable farm houses and 
cottages. A venerable elra tree adorns the road side. 

CONISTON, called in Domesday Coiningesbi, as a soke to Mapleton, of four carucatcs of arable land. 
It probably derived its name from having been part of the demesne of the king's before 
the Conquest. 

A. D. 1138, 4 Sep. \Vm le Gross, upon founding the abbey of Thornton, gave, and Richard I. confirmed 
the whole fee Plagam Blassell in Coningeston. -1 Rich. I. John de Bilton gave half a bovate of land here lo 
the abbat of Thornton, who demised it to Henry de Preston, for a rent of 3s. ; Henry HI. confirms, 9 E. I. 
Kirby returns Hugh Blassell as holding 6 oxgangs in Coniston. 16 E. I. from an escheat of this date, it 
appears that one bovate of land, which had been Emma le Scroop's, had been suspended and taken into the king's 
hands for a year and a day, for felony, held of the abbat of Thornton by military service, and a rent of 12d.^ 
21 E. I. the quo warranto issued to inquire into the privileges claimed by the abbat of Thornton, already alluded 
to, includes this place, (see p. C3.) 9 E. II. Nom. Vill. names the king as being in possession of Coniston. 
There does not appear to have been any mesne lord of this place, e.xcept the abbat of Thornton be considered 
such. 18 E. Ill Richard de Ilolbeston held 3 acres and 2 roods of arable, 1 acre meadow, and half an acre 
of pasture in Conyngeston de Rex in Capite, as of the hon. of Alb. by military service, viz , by the service of 
the fifteen hundred and thirty -sixth part of a knt.'sfee, as for a quarter 1 bovate of land doing suit at the 
wapentake court of the king in Holderness, &c &C.'' 20 E. III. after the death of Sayer de Sutton, it was 
found he had a rental issuing out of lands here.'^ 20 E. III. Nicholas West, and \Vm. his son, gave lo Wm. 
de Upsale, burgess of Hull, a selion, assigned for bounds in Coniston. 21 E. III. Wra. son of Nicholas West, 
releases to Wm. de Upsale, burgess of Kingston-upon-HuU, a selion near the land of the prioress of Swine.'' 
Rich. If. Thomas de Sutlon, knt. confirms the gift of all his lands and tenements in this place, to G trustees, 
&c.° H. IV. John de la Pole, clerk, and Henry Merston, clerk, release to John Cobbe, of Coniston, a tene- 
ment here.^ 7 H. IV. John Cobbe, of this place, has seisin of a tenement here. 2 H. VII. Ale.\. Cobbe, of 
Gansted, gave to Robert Cobbe, his s. and h. 1 mess, and I bov. of arable here, 6 H. VII. Robt. Cobbe, son 
and heir of Ale.\, late of Gansted, gave to Robt. Peryn, of Swine, 1 mess, and half bovate of arable here. 6 
H. VII. Wm. Cobbe, of Leven, son of Alex. Cobbe, of Gansted, releases to Eobt Peryn all his right in the 
above. G H. VI F. Robert Cobbe, de Gansted, held of John Melton, of Aston, knt. and Robt. Peryn, pro 
pacifica rctenlione i?ide.e 29 H. VIII. Peter Cobbe, de Siglstorn in Holderness, s. and h Wm. Cobbe, of 
Levyn, 2nd son of Alex. Cobbe, late of Gansted, releases to Peter Peryn, of Swyne, all his right in 1 mess. 1 
bov. of arable here 9th October, 29 H. VIII. signed and delivered in the presence of Ralph Ellerker, jun. 
knt. and principal steward of the lord the king in Holderness, Ezekias Clifton, Esq. Philip Miffin, gent, openly 
in court, at the great wapentake court of the lord the king, at Hedon, the day above written.'' 13 Eliz. Henry 
Hogg held a messuage and a cottage, and 2 oxgangs of land here, of Christr. Eastofte, in soccage, by free serv.i 

Parcel of lands and possessions, late belonging to the monastery of Swine, in Coniston, consisted of all those 
messuages, and two little closes of pasture, of 2 acres and 7 oxgangs of arable, containing 56 acres, in the town 
and fields of Coniston, and 3 roods of meadow in Ganstead fields, now or lately in the tenure of John and 
William Hodgson, at the annual rent of 38sh. ; and a messuage and garden, and an oxgang and half of arable, 
in Coniston, late in the tenure of John Matrew, at the annual rent of 16sh. ; in the whole 54sh ; pa^t by 
indenture, in fee farm, to Marmaduke Collinge and Peter Dixon, in 1610.J By an inquisition at York castle, 

» Mid. Bail. bHarleianMS. No. 708, fo. 211,b. ^ Tur. Lon. 377. i Mid. Bail. " Cart 4, 8G, 87. 
'Cart. 4, 1,13. elbid. " Cart. 4,2, 1, 2,3. ' Ridley 4,55, b.Sc 56. J Rawlinson'sMS.S.Bod. No. 1341, p 159. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 253 

29 Sep. 10 Jas. 1612, Marmdk. Langdale was seized at his death of 2 mess. 3 cott. and 9 oxgangs and 2 acres of 
pasture in Coniston. 2 Feb. 1649,^Mr. Henry Fairfax held lands in Coniston, Stephen Foster for 2 oxg. and 
a dwelling-house and 2 litlle closes containing about IJ acre, £6. 13s. 4d. Thomas Smith, a dwelling-house, 
a barne, little close of an acre, with 3i oxgangs land, £11. Thos. Srarko. a dwelling-house, like to fall, a 
barne, 2 closes, with 2 j oxg. 9s. 4d. Stephen Foster, for the farm wherein he dwells, a dwelling-house, a 
barne, and a little close with 1 J oxg. of land, £4. Thomas Gyrdley, a little close and barne, like to fall, a 
close and an oxg. of land, £4 6s. 8d. ; total per ann. £35 4s. Nearly the whole township is now the property 
of the Wilberforce family, who pay a tithe of a small part of the land, which is titheable to Lord Shaftsbury. 
There do not appear to be any manorial rights, nor any courts held. There are one or two smaller proprietors. 
Tlie township consists of about 600 acres, and is pleasantly situated. 

ELLERBY. — This township contains the minor hamlets of Dowthorpe, part of Lang- 
thorpe, Owbrough, and Woodhall. 

In ."Mverdebi, Tran, Eil.if, Man, Turber, and Rauenchil, had four carucates of land to be taxed, and there 
may be four ploughs there. Tedbald, a vassal of Drogo, has now there one plough and two villanes, and three 
bordars, and twenty acres of meadow, one mile long and half broad, value in King Edward's time, forty shil- 
lings now len shillings. 19 H. 111. this place is called Heludby, in a charter of agreement between Wm. le 
Constable and AVm. de St. Quintin." 26 H. III. the prioress of Swine releases a common pasture in Elvardby, 
to Wm. St Quintin. Ellerby was the property of St, Quintin, at a very early period ; both the inquest of 
Kirby anc" the Nomina Villarum, return Herbert St. Quintin as its Lord ; and on referring to Brandsburton, 
it will be found that Ellerby Thirkleby, &c. are expressly named as descending through Lord Fitzhugh to the 
Dacres. 26 H. VIII. Dominus Fitzhugh held the manor of Ellerby.'' 22 Eliz. it seems the manor was in the 
possession of the crown, it being granted, with its appurtenances, to Parker and Clerk, to hold as the 4th part 
of a knight's fee. 10 Jac. Sir Wm. Gee held all the closes called Ellerbie Closes, of the king, by service not 
known.'' 3 Car. I. John Gee, Esq. held certain lands in this place. The manor, as noticed in the account of 
Woodhall, is the property of Henry Wm. Maister, Esq. There are several different holders of property in this 
township. Two farms, the propeity of Sir T. A. C. Constable, Bart., occupied by Wm. Wright and John 
Bigland, respectively ; 1 farm, property of R. Bethell, Esq. M. P. occupied by Peter Dunn ; one farm, property 
of Geo. Mason Gale, Esq. .Atwick, occupied by T. Beth : a farm the property of R. Raikes, Esq of East Dale 
House, occupied by J. Dunn ; ditto, ditto, Mr. Butters, Thorngumbald, occupied by David Mercer ; a wind- 
mill, the property of Mr. Boyes, Hull, occupied by Wm. Stephenson. Fourteen tenements, with lands 
annexed; seventeen cottages, with land in one common field, the property of H. W. Maister Esq. comprise, 
this township. In a pond, near Ellerby, at Horse Hill, are often found quantities of small marine sliells, 
similar to those already alluded to. I'he township of Ellerby comprises 

DOWTHORPE. — Duuethorpe, as it is called in Domesday, is returned as a soke of three carucates, belong- 
ing to Aldbrough. 

There are no evidences relating- to this place, which throw anv light upon the early 
transactions or names of its ancient possessors. 

It appears from an inquisition, taken at the castle of York, 29 Sep. 10 James, after the death of Marmaduke 
Langdale, called of Dowthorpe, that long before his decease he was seized of a capital mess, (manor,) 2 cottages, 
and 160 acres of land here. He died I.3th Sept. 1611, and William, his great nephew succeeded him. 

=> Cart. 172. 22. " Ridlev, 4. 115. b. = Ridley, 4. 94. b. 



251 



TABLE OF DESCENT OF WILLIAM LANGDALE. 

Patricics db Langdale= Amanda, daughwr and lieir of Laurence de Etton. 



Patricius de Langdale & Ellon, 



I Edw. lII.= Helcna, daughter and heir of Tl.c 
William Langdale = 



William Langdale = 



John Lancdale, of Santon = Anna, daughter and heir of John Gayr, i 
Anthony Langdale = 



i alderman of Yo 



Anihony, filius Anthonij= 



Thomas Langdale, of Santon=Anna, daughter of Peter Vava 



Aoihony Langdale, 
died at Rome !Olh 



.=Jane. daughter of Thos. 
. I Vavasour, of Copen- 



Rlchard. of Esthorp, ob. 



Eiiz. dtr. of Ph.=William Langdale, 

Constable, of i and afterwards of Lan- 

Everingham. I the . . 

kt. ob. Aug. I Marmaduke Lan; 



E9trop,=BrIdgct, daughte 



Is of Lan- 1 



of Thomas 
clham, Ar. 
;as Hoppon, 

ob. March, 



■. of^Aona, dtr. of * • • WartoD, of Beverley 



i=Lenox. dtr. of John 
I Rodes, or Rhodes, 
I kt. 



Katharine, wife of \ 



William Langdale, the great nephew of Marmaduke, whose descent is here traced, is supposed to have sold 
the estate. During his life the following 
Survey of the manoure of Dowethorpe, in i 

of Willi' Langdale, Esquire, taken the 



the Estridd' of the countie of Yorke, heinge part of the 
20th day of May, 1634. 



Impri. one close, called and knowne hy 
the name of the East Fields, in the 
tenure and occupa'ion of Willi' W'at- 
son, conteyneing . . . . . . SG 

Wherein the Lo. Dunbar hath vij lands, 
which doth conteyne. . . . . . 1 

And theire doth remaine for Mr. Lang- 
dale, his part and raoyetie . . . . 82 

Ite. one close, called the White Hill, in 
the tenure and occ' of Willi" Watson, 
cont' . . • . . . . . . . .J3 

Wherein the Lo. Dunbar hath iiii lands, 
which doth cont' . . . . . . 2 

See that Mr. Langdale his part and moie- 
tie in the same is . . . . . . 50 



Ite. one close, called by the name of the 

New Close, in the tenure &; occ' of 

the aforesaid Willi' Watson, cont' . , 

3 Wherein the king's ma'tie hath ij lands, 

cont' . . 
1 30 The Lo. Dunbar iij lands, cont' 

Soe that Mr. Langdale his part and moie- 
110 tie in the aforesaid close is . . 

Ite. the scyte of the bouse wherein the 
said Will'ra Watson dwelleth, doth 

cont' 

Ite. one p'cell of ground whereon a house 
3 14 is huilded, and certaine grounds, called 

tlie Bottom Closes, in the tenure and 
26 occ' of Thomas Morris, cont' 



3 
20 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



255 



Ite. one close, called tbe Westgarth, and 

certaine ground, called the West 

Closes, in the tenure and occ' of 

Wedowe Hebdon, conteyneing 
Ite. one close, called the Barne Close, in 

the tenure and occ' of Thomas Moris, 

conteyneing . . . . . . ..13 

Ite. wherein the Lo" Dunbar hath i land, 

which doth conteine . . 
Mr. Langdale, his part and moietie in 

the same . . . . . . 

Ite. one close, knowne by the name of 

Great West Fielde, in the tenn' and 

occ' of Thomas Morris, cont' 
Wherein the Lo' Dunbar hath 5 lands, 

which doth conteine . . 
Soe that Mr. Langdale, his part and 

moietie is 
Ite. one close, in the tenure and occ' of 

Will'm Wilson, called by the name of 

the Midle Field, cont' 
Wherein the Lo' Dunbar hath vi lands, 

which doth cont' 
The kinge ma'tie hath 3 lands, cont' . . 
So that Mr. Langdale, his part and moie- 
tie is but 
Ite. one close, called the Create Turfe 

Pitt, in the tenure and occ' of James 

Morris, cout' . . 
Wherein the Lord Dunbar hath 3 lands, 

cont' . . 



8 1 30 







2 



12 2 



58 3 



3 1 30 



2 



53 1 20 



49 30 



14 I 20 



3 



moietie is in the said Create Turf Pitts 
Ite. one close, called the Litle Turfe 

Pitte, in the tenure and occ' of Wedowe 

Hebdon, cont' 
Wherein the Lo' Dunbar hath i land, 

cont' .. 
Rest in the said close for Mr. Langdale, 

his part and moietie . . 
Ite. one close, called the Create West 

Close, in the tenure andocc'of Jeromie 

Awmon, cont' 
Wherein the Lo' Dunbar hath iiij lands, 

cont' . . 
Rest for Mr. Langdale, his moietie in 

the aforesaid close 
Ite. one close, called the Litle West 

Close, in the tenure and occupation 

of Jeremie Awman, conteineing 
Wherein the Lo' Dunbar hath iij lands, 

cont' . . 
Soe that Mr. Langdale, his p't and moie- 
tie is in the same 
The whole som'e of acres which Mr. 

Langdale his part and moietie cometh 

unto, in the aforesaid Lo'pp of Dow- 

thrope, as by every particular before 

menc'oned in this booke doth appeare, 

doth amount to. . 
The kinge ma'tie hath in the said lo'pp 
The Lord Dunbar 
Sum'a tal' p'dic' mannere' est ccclxx.w 

acres ij roods^" 



13 2 20 



5 



1 



3 



32 3 21 



10 



30 3 11 



24 3 30 



23 



20 



10 



363 


3 





2 








19 


3 






385 2 



Soe that Mr. Langdale, his part and 

Dowthorpe Hall seems often to have changed its possessors after it was sold by Wm. Langdale. Dr. Dealtry, 
an eminent practitioner in physic, in the last century, in York, was descended from a respectable Holderness 
family ; he resided with his sister some time at Dowthorpe Hall, and afterwards weni to Leyden, and studied 
physic under Dr. Boiirhaave, in whose house he resided three years. He settled at York, and became a suc- 
cessful and celebrated physician. It is said, that his practice was much directed by the countenance of his 
patients, whom he was in the habit of placing opposite a window in a back room in his house, on the east side 
of Lendal, in the old churchyard of St. Wilfrid, and then very minutely examined the aspect and expression"* 
of their features before he prescribed for their disorder. He died in 1 798, and was buried in the cathedral at 
York ; his epitaph was written by his friend, the Rev. Thos. Gray. Mrs. commonly called Madam Coulson, 



Lansdowne M.S. Nc. 899, fo. 37. 



256 SWINE. 

of Dowthorpe Hall, had a niece, to whom she devised her estates, who married Isaac Wehster, of York, Esq. 
Charles Eskricke Broadley, Esq. purchased Dowthorpe of the former, from whom it descended to his son, 
Charles Bayles Broadley, Esq. who sold it to John Beadle, of Kirkella, Esq. the present possessor. It is now 
shorn of its former dignity, being converted into a farm house, which, with another and three cottages, com- 
prise the estate. 

L.\NGTIIORPE. — " In Lambetorp,'" says Domesday, " Tor had one carucate of land to be taxed, and there 
may be one plough there. 

This is another of those hamlets which belonged to the priory of Swine, 

And, being situate on the Lambwith or Lambmass Stream, took its name from it, although now corrupted to 
Langlhorp. It is partly in Ellerby and partly in South Skirlaugh. On the 1st day of August, Lammas Day, 
(so called quasi Lambmass,) the tenants who held lands of the cathedral of York, dedicated to St. Peter ad 
Vincula, were bound by their tenure to bring a live lamb into the church at high mass. Lanthorp or Lang- 
thorp Grange was, at the dissolution, granted to Gresham, to hold as (he 3rd part of a knight's fee. The 
property came into the hands of Marraaduke Langdale, who died 9th James, seized of this place, as appears 
from the same inquisition already alluded to. 

It is now the property of the Rev. Henry Ward, it having been purchased by his father, Thomas Ward, 
of Burlington, merchant, of the Hon. Sir Edward Vavasour, second son of the late Lord Stourton, he having 
succeeded to it by the will of Sir Thomas Vavasour, who inherited it from bis brother. Sir Walter, into whose 
hands it passed by marriage with Miss Langdale, the heiress of Langthorpe. The tenant of this portion of the 
property is Thomas Badham ; the other portion, it havin- been sold in two lots, was purchased by Mr. James 
Dosser, brewer, of Hull ; and at his death it was again sold, Ih. W. V. Norman, merchant, of the Beverley Road, 
Hull, becoming the purchaser, and who is the present proprietor ; the tenant is Wm. Douthwaite. The first of 
these portions is in Kllerby, and the latter in South Skirlaugh. The old hall at this place is now a farm house. 

OWBROCGII. — In Vlenburg Tureuert had two carucates of land to be taxed, and there may be two ploughs 
there. Frumold, a vassal of Drogo, has now there one plough and ten acres of meadow. Half a mile long and 
half broad. Vrdue in King Edward's time thirty shillings, now twenty shillings. Circa 26 H. III. Wm. de St. 
Quintin releases to the prioress of Swine his common of pasture and right in the territory and field of Uleburgh ; 
tested by Sir John de Bilton, &c. ; sealed with the seal of St. Mary. It seems by this that Owbrough was in 
the possession of the prioress. About the 40th H. III. Simon le Constable bought of Galfrid, son of Galfrid 
Vernon, lands here, which Alicia his relict released. By letters patent, dated 29th March, 4 E. VI. this 
grange, late belonging to the priory of Swine, was granted for 21 years to Bolton and Fayrecliff. 20 Eliz. 
Henry Constable, knt. held all the grange called Owbrough, and pasture for 500 sheep, et omnibus aliis 
averiis in capite by knt. service. By an inquisition, held at Beverley, 11 Sep. 21 Chas. I. it appears that Sir 
John Legard, hart, died 20th Sept. 1643, seized inter alia of Owbrough Grange, which he held immediately of 
the crown by knt. service. The Rev. John Moorhouse, rector of Sproately, who died in 1746, aged 63 years, 
bought Owbrough of Sir Thomas Legard, bart. ; in the year 1780 it belonged to his two grand-children, Mrs. 
Bramley and Mrs. Brown. Ulenburgh in Domesday, corrupted to Wolburgh, or Owburgh, would indicate a 
fort at one time existed here. The place is about one mile north-east of Swine, and there are appearances of 
dells and remains of excavations, but no certain opinion can be formed of what erections may have formerly 
existed here. 

This hamlet has obtained some celebrity as the birth place of Thomas Thompson, 
Esq., F.S.A. 

He was for some years a clerk with Messrs. Wilberforceand Smiths, considerable Baltic merchants in Hull; 
he afterwards became a partner in the banking-house of Messrs. Abel Smith and Sous, which then changed its 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 257 

firm to that of Smiths and Thompson. He sal in three successive parliaments, as member for Medhurst, but 
retired from public life about the year 1820. He devoted a considerable portion of his time to enquiries of a 
topographical and antiquarian nature. In the year 1828 he visited Normandy, to inspect the antiquities of that 
country, but indisposition obliged him to remove hastily for advice to Paris, where he died, 14 Sep. aet. 75, 
and was buried in the cemetery of Pere la Chaise. He published, in 1795, " Tithes Indefensible ;" in 1798, 
" Short Observations on a Commutation of Tithes for Government Annuities ;" 1801 " Observations on 
the Improvement in the Maintenance of the Poor of Hull;" 1803, '' Reasons for giving land to Cottagers 
to enable them to Jceep Cows." His next work was on French Philosophy. His more recent publications — 
" Ocellum Promontoiium ; or Short Observations on the Ancient State of Holderness ;" "Historic I acts 
relative to the Sea Port and Market Town of liavenspurne," both printed in Hull, the former in 1821, the 
latter in 1822, and " The History of the Church a?id Priori/ of iSmi?ie," likewise printed in Hull in 1824. 
These few facts are contained in an address delivered to the Literary and Philosophical Society, at Hull, by 
their president, Chas. Frost, Esq.^ who adds, that Mr. Thompson was so intimately known to many, and so 
highly respected by all, as to render any formal eulogy of his talents and virtues unnecessary. 

WOODHALL was anciently a manor pertaining to the house of St. Quintin, and 
will he found frequently referred to in the account of Brandsburton. 

Wcodhall, Thirkilby, and EUerby, are there seen as being particularly exempt from the operations of the 
decree (p. 270). Many of the townships in the north have their Woodhalls and AVoodhouses, nor has it ever 
yet been shewn to what the origin of them is to be attributed. The probability seems to be, that the germ of 
these places was some remarkable timber building, the residence of some considerable person. From the same 
inquisition, held at York, as in the case of Dowthorp, Langthorpe, &c it was found, that Marmaduke Lang- 
dale held here 200 acres of arable, pasture, and meadow, with their appurtenances, belonging to this manor ; 
and that William, his great nephew, was his heir. It appears, that, in 1689, Philip Langdale conveyed the 
estate and manor of Woodhall to Joseph Fermly, who, in pursuance of the settlement on his marriage, in 
1694, with Sarah Maister, conveyed it in 1700 to trustees, to pay the income to them and their issue. In 1 724, 
Joseph Fermly died, and left one son, Joseph, and one daughter, Jane; who, in 1725, jointly with their 
mother, conveyed it to trustees, that, in case of failure of direct issue, it should pass to the Maisters' family. 
The son died without issue; and the daughter, in 1733, married Joseph Lazenby, and they had an only son 
in 1734. The father died in 1748, and the son in 1755, leaving an only daughter, who died an infant in 1756. 
And at the decease of the aforesaid Jane Lazenby, who survived her son and granddaughter, the estate reverted 
to Henry Maister, Esq. who bequeathed it to his nephew, H. W. Maister, of Beverley, Esq. the present pos- 
sessor." It appears from the court rolls of the manor of Woodhall, that courts were held by Mr. Fermly as 
soon after his purchase as in 1699, also in 1702, 1710, and 1712, in which the names of the freeholders and 
tenants, in the townships of Ellerby, Thirtleby, and South Skirlaugh, are enumerated and sworn ; and similar 
courts have since been held by Mr. Lazenby, the late Col. Maister, and his nephew, the present lord of the 
manor. It also appears evident, that no other courts have been held in those townships ; from which it would 
seem, that, at the time of Mr. Fermly's purchase, Ellerby was considered as part of the manor of Woodhall. 
The courts were held at the manor-house of Woodhall. There does not appear to have been any particular 
customs attached to the manor.'^ 

Woodhall, the residence of Mrs. Maisters, stands on one of the most elevated points in Holderness. The 
present mansion house was built by Henry Wm. Maister, Esq, in 1814-15. It is a handsome substantially 

^ Published by I. Wilson, Hull, 1831. *■ From the family evidences. 

" Politely communicated by Hy. Wm. Maister, Esq. 

2 M 2 



258 SWINE. 

built edifice, and commands very extensive prospects on the north-west and south-west ; on the south and east, 
the view is bounded by Uoe Ilill; its own hanging woods, and the woods of Burton Constable, to which estate 
it adjoins. The Woodhall estate consists of about 4.50 acres. Old Woodhall, now a farm house, has some 
remains of a moat, which appears formerly to have surroimded it. 

GANSTEAD.— In Gagenestad, Fran and Aldene had four carucates of land to be taxed, and there may be 
four ploughs there. Albert, a vassal of Drogo, has now there one plough, and seven villanes, and four bordars 
with two ploughs, and twenty acres of meadow, one mile long and half broad; value in king Edward's time 
forty shillings, now twenty shillings. 

The very early purchase of this place by Sir Win. de la Twyer, knt. the 5th H. III. 
(see page 192 J occasioned the removal of that family from Twyer to Ganstead, which 
remained for many generations in the family ; and subsequently passed to William St. 
Quintin, of Haswell, by his marriage with a daughter and co-heiress of its ancient 
possessors. 

The manor having continued in this branch of the family of St. Quintin, they became designated " of Gan- 
.sted.' (Fed. vol. I, p. 268 9.) 211. VIII. Wm. St. Quintin held the manor of the lord of Holderness by knt. 
service, and also a Bercaria, for 100 bidentes,* in Outcote, of the heirs of John Sutton 16 Eliz. Elinora St. 
Quintin held the manor of the heirs of Ralph Bulmer, by knt. service.'' 

FnEMisEs OF Less Note. — 20 E. I. An inquisition held after the death of Sayer de Sutton finds, that he 
had a rental issuing out of this place."^ It ajipears, that Sir Michael Constable held a fourth part of the manor 
belore the reign of II. VII. In 2 H. VII. Alexander Cobb, of Gansted,'' gave to Robert, his son and heir, 1 
mess, and 1 bovate of land in Conino. .38 H. VIII. Ralph Coleman held 1 tenement in Gansted; and 
Catharine, Martha, Margaret, Alice, Matilda, Francisca, and .4gnes, are found to be his co-heiresses" 5 Eliz. 
Ralph Coleman held I tenement in Ganstede of the queen, as of her manor of Burstwick ; Catharine, wife of 
Richard Frankish, and Margaret, wife of John Rawson, co-heirs."^ In 1635, Mr. Constable sold his lands 
here to Mr. Milner. The property, at the dissolution, as well as the tythes, SiC. became divided. At present, 
the hamlet consists of three or four farms, with a windmill and three cottages, Mrs. Walker being a principal 
proprietress. 

TURMER HALL is considered a manor, as it appears that Beatrix, wife of Thos. de Roos, of Hamlake, 
held 100 sh. rental, and the manors of Turnani (Turmer) Hall, Roos, and Seaton." John de Ross dying II 
E. III. and having held this manor in right of his wife, gave it to Wra. his eldest brother, who died 17 
K. III.'> W. G. Todd, Esq. is the present possessor. The family evidences do not seem to throw any light 
upon the subject, that is of any general interest. The tithes of Gansted belonged to Lord Shaftesbury, but 
are now the property of Mr. Todd. There are together about 800 acres of land. 

M.'VRTON. — In Meretone Suuen had one carucate of land to be taxed. There is land to one plough. Franco, 
a \ assal of Drogo, has now there one plough and twenty acres of meadow. Half a mile long and half broad. 
\'alue in King Edward's time ten shillings, now five shillings. There were also two carucates as a soke to the 
manor of .Mdbro'. 

Its name derived from Mere, or watery ground of the neighbouring Lamwith, and 

■' Bercaries were lodges in the neighbourhood of the moors, and where the shepherds resided. Bidentes 

were sheep of two years old. ^ Ridley, 4. 122 b. '^ Fsch. No. 8. Turr. 377. '' This family held 

possessions here lor a long time. — See Halsham. ' Ridley, 4, 66 b. ' Ridley, 4, 54 b. 
= Inq. Burton's, 5 vol MS.S. " Esch. 12 E. III. No. 41. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



259 



appears to have been designated as East and West Marton. The first document met with 
after the Survey is in the time of King John, when 

Thomas Alost releases to Eobt. Tiliol and Win. le Constable, all his right in the two carucates of land 
in Merton." According to Kirby's Inquest, Simon le Constable held in Marton 2 carucates of land, where 48 
made a knt 's fee. 13 R. I. the king grants to Simon Constable free warren in his demesne lands here. 22 
E. I. Simon le Constable held 1 toft and 1 bovate of land of Wm. de Turno, and 2 cott. 3 tofts, and 9 bovates. 
32 E. I. Peter, son and heir of Wm. Frothingham, impleads Robt. .son of Simon le Constable for lands and 
tenements here, but afterwards releases him. 7 E. II. Catherine, who was wife of Simon le Constable, releases 
all she had in Merton to Robert, son of Simon. 9 E. II. Marton with its members is returned in Norn. Vill. 
as in possession of Robert le Constable, Walter de Fauconberg, Wm. Hawteyn, Amand Routh, and Walter 
Fitlinge. 10 E. III. Robert Constable held 10 tofts, 10 bovates, and 2 cottages here.'' 24 E. III. Stephen 
Storme, of Merton, grants to Isabell, daur. of Wm. Grayneston, of Withernwick, in special tail, 1 toft and 2 
bovates and half of arable in Merton, of the gift of Stephen Hawtayn, and 1 1 acres of land there of the gift of 
Richard de Merton. "= 4.5 E. III. John Constable, Esq. charges his tenements in Merton with a payment of an 
annual rental of 12 marks. 8 Rich. II. John Constable, of Halsham, grants to John Collier, parson of Rosse 
John Scure, chaplain, and John Thome, trustees, all his lands and tenements in Merton, for which said trustees, 
within 40 days, re-conveyed the said tenements to John, and Matilda his wife, and the heirs of the said John 
forever. The lady Albreda, mother of John, attorns and affirms.'' 23 Elizabeth, the manor of Merton, held 
by Sir John Constable, of the king in capite, by the service of half a knight's fee.'' The manor, &c. continues 
in the family of Burton Constable to the present day. A family of the name of Hedon appear to have been 
settled here in very early times The following particulars were found among the Dade papers, and are corrected 
from vol. 8 of Dr. Burton's pedigrees. Glover's Visitation, in 1584, and that of St. George, in 1612, &c. Sec. 



Thomas HcdoD, living 




I Goxhill, of Bonwicli,— Agnps, daughte 



15lh Feb. 18 E. IV. 



5 four oxgs. in Marton. =* 



Thomas, of 3Iarlon, by w. d. Feb. 9, 1503, desires to be b 



' named in the wil 



2 church of Swine. ^ Agnes, daufjh. of * ^ 



John, of Damhorp, c 



r Snq. = Idonca, dtr. of 



Richard, of Marton, ob. 33 H. VII 



, daughter of « " * Thompson. 



Patronell, wf. of 



dren legatees 
der his brot 
William's wil 



Richard, leg. under 



ohn of Marton.=A| 
w. p. 3rt 
1561 ; desi 



Robert Henry, of Gansted, i 



gnes, daughter 



his ancestors. He married 1st dtr. of Ralf 3id wife; Jane, 
Constable, of St. Sepulchre's, from whom he [ ter of Sir Ralph Elicr- 
■was divorced. 



Cart. 133, 57. 



Cart. 215, 1 



Cart, 4, 100, 21, 101. 



Henry HedoD. of Fiambrough, aged 6 ycaT:t, 1584; living IGi2.=£l]nor, daughter of Robert 8a1tmarsh> 



260 



Henry 1. Frances. 

Aced 13 in 1'J12. ^\ ilUam 2. Margaret. 

Juhu 3. Mary. 

John Disney, of Fosham, grants to John Iledon, of Marton, Wm. de Flynton, and Wm. de Newton^ 
chaplain, a mess, and 2 bov. in East Marton, which Stephen Wright, chaplain, and Thomas Wade, gave the 
said John, in fee, on condition of paying a yearly sum to them. Tested by W. de la Twyer, Thomas Con- 
stable, of Ilalshara, Thomas Grimston, Wm. Rednes, John Goxhill, of Sproatley, Wra. Esthorp, Jno. Thomp- 
son, de Merton, &c. ; d. St. Laurence, 4 H. V. 1-115. — Meaux Chart, penes Lord Dunbar. 

In thescutageof 1359, Sir John de Hedon, kt. answered for 30sh. The old chapelof ease to the mother church 
of Swine has been long since demolished, and not a vestige left. Brown Willis says, Marton chapel was not 
certified at the dissolution ; Wm. Proctor was the incumbent, and had an annuity assigned him, which was 
enjoyed in 1553." 

The old chapel bell, about sixty years since, was fixed in a tree. Part of the remains of the old building 
were used in building a bridge over the Lamwith stream. The font is at Burton Constable, and, from its size 
and other indications, appears to be of great antiquity. The old scite is still known by the name of Kirk Garth. 
From an original document, the tithes payable quarterly, ■24th June, 1776, were — John Johnson, 8s. 3jd. ; 
Daniel Wilkinson, 2d.; Wm. Salvege, 9s. IJd. ; John Bird, Is. 5d. ; Robert Grasby, 4s. 9d. ; Thomas 
Wiles, lis. 3d.; Paul Wilkinson, lis. 2d. ; Wm. Smith and Jos. Nutt, 7id. ; Mary Batty, lOd. ; William 
Clappison, 6s. 7|d. ; Geo. Satta, SJd. ; Wm. Taylor, 2s. Ifd. ; Hy. Scot, 6s. 2d. ; Thos. Mason, 3s. 9^d. ; 
paid yearly out of corner lays, belonging to Lady farm, 3s. 4d. Total, £3. 10s. id. There are seven farm 
houses, with their respective allotments of land, and about twelve cottages. The whole of the township, with 
the exception of a farm and cottage, the property of 0. A. Pleywood, Esq. of Wakefield, is the property of 
Sir T. A. Clifford Constable, hart, to whom the tithes also belong ; the whole extent of the hamlet, about 900 
acres. It is immediately contiguous to Burton Constable. A Roman Catholic chapel was erected by Wm. 
Constable, Esq, the following inscription being placed in it by his directions : — '' Deo Immortali JEdes has 
sacras erexil Guliehnus Constahle, A.D. 1789 It being in the centre of a district in which there are many 
Roman Catholic inhabitants, it has been resorted to for the celebration of marriages, since the passing of the 
marriage act in 1837. The Rev. Robert Hogarth, P.P. has a pleasant, comfortable residence adjoining; he is 
much respected in the neighbourhood.'' There is also a school heie, established originally by Francis, and 
now supported by Sir Clifford Constable. 

NORTH AND SOUTH SKIRLAW, or Skirlaugh, are situated about a mile from 
each other. The Lamwith Stream winds its way from Lanthorpc, and in its meandering 
course separates these townships. 

There are .six oxgangs returned in Domesday in Schireslai as a soke to Hornsea, and a part is returned with 
Newton and Thirtleby. " It is anciently written Schyrlake, i. e. the dividing suer of Skyre, to divide, cut, and 
of lacus.lake, which in its large acceptation is construed a suer, dyke, dreyne, or current of water, for North 
and South Skirlaw dividing on that great fleet called Lamith Stream, are separated by it, like as the North Bail 
of Ilolderness are severed by it also." North Skirlaw, as already stated, is in the North Division, but in the 

* Willis's Abb. v. 2, p. 294, •" It is to the untiring and unceasing exertions of this gentleman, through 

the whole progress of the work, in his researches for manuscripts and descriptions of many localities, the author 
is indebted for information which otherwise could not have been attainable. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



261 



parish of Swine; very little remains relative to the ancient possessors of the township. In Kirby's Inquest, 
Walter de Fauconberg is returned as holding this place. 43 E. III. John de Fauconberg, of Skelton, had lands 
here. 2 li. IV. Isabel Fauconberg held 2 carucates in North Skirlaw, as parcel of the manor of Rise, held of 
Thomas de Lancaster as of the hon. of Alb. by knight service. 3 II. 8. Robert Hodgson grants to his son 
Edmund, and Barbara, his wife, his lands here. 4 E. VI. Chrisp. son of Martin Hildyard, had livery of lands 
and tenements in N. and S. Skirlaw, of the king in capite as of his manor of Rise. 10 Jas. Marnik. Langdale 
held here a cottage, an oxgang, and 20 acres of pasture. Richard Bethell, Esq. M. P. is the principal 
proprietor, and appoints a gamekeeper for this place, Arnold, and Rowton, as lord of the manors ; it is a small 
pleasant village. 

South Skjrlaw is returned as a soke to Aldbro' of four carucates. It is on record that it was early in the 
possession of the abbat of Thornton, in Lincolnshire, and that he was summoned, 21 E. I. by a writ of quo 
marranto, to prove by what right he claimed to exercise certain privileges in his several lordships in Holder- 
ness, when he pleaded his grant from King Henry 11.^ Skirlaw is one of the places named in the writ. 20 
E. III. the prioress of Swine and the abbut of Thornton held 2 carucates and 3 bovates in South Skirlaw, in 
pure alms.'' Sir Robert Hilton, knt. and John Redness, quit claim to Waller Skirlaw, Bishop of Durham, all 
right in lands and tenements in Sodth Skirlaw : dated 16 Ap. 3 H. IV.^ 38 H. VHI. William Coleman held 
lands here and North Skirlaw of the lord the king, as of his manor of Woodhouse, parcel of the monastery of 
Thornton.'! Eliz. Rd. Coleman held here as of the queen's manor of Woodhouse. 22 Eliz. Henry Constable, 
knt. s. and h. of Sir John, knt. by livery held in Skirlaw in capite. In 1577, 10 Eliz. iMarmaduke Langdale 
held lands here, and from the family evidences is said to have resided here.' The manor is partly copyhold, 
(see Woodhouse) ; some dispute exists as to the manorial rights. 

This village is particularly celebrated for its elegant chapel, re-built by a prelate who derived his origin, 
and took his name from this secluded spot ; of whose correct judgment, and superior talents as an architect, 
this splendid specimen alone is a sufficient proof The original building, if not coeval with the mother church 
of Swine, was erected no doubt soon after the foundation of the priory. The first account of the circumstance 
which brings it into notice, is found among the records of Abp. Melton ; who, — A.D. 1337, HE. III. "in a 
suit in the Court Christian, at York, between the prioress of Swine, appellant, and the inhabitants of South 
and North Skirlaugh, Arnall, and Rowton, defendants,— by his decree, enjoins the prioress of Swine, and 
convent there, to find and maintain a chantrie in the chapel of South Skirlaugh, which chautrie had been 
withdrawn by the prioress, and that withdrawing was the cause of the suit." ' The particulars of the decision 
are, that the inhabitants of those towns shall find, and perpetually, at their own costs, maintain oue fit priest 
to celebrate and serve every day at the chapel of South Skirlaw ; who, after he has been presented by the 
prioress and convent of Swyne, and admitted thereunto, shall, without prejudice to the mother church of 
Swyne, as stipendiary chaplain, exercise cure of souls ; and shall answer and satisfy the said prioress and 
convent out of the fruits, obventions, and profits belonging to the said chapel. Also, that the said inhabitants 
shall find books, chalice, vestments, lights, bread and wine, and other necessaries for the said chantry ; and 
shall repair and re-build the said chapel, and bear all other burdens incumbent thereon- And to the sustena- 
tion of the said chantry, the said prioress and nuns shall pay yearly 36s. 4d. Stirling to the stipendiary priest 
in the chapel for the time being ; moreover, the said chaplain shall have two oxgangs of land in the territory 
of South Skirlaw ; and the master and convent of Swyne shall also give him one penny out of every oxgang 
of land which they hold in Skirlaugh, and henceforth shall not require that 5 sh. sterling per ann. which the 
said inhabitants were wont to pay them in times past. And, that the mother church of Swyne might not be 

> See Humbleton. i- Dods. MS.S. vol. 7, p. 242. = Escheat E. 3, p. 452. " Ridley, 4, 36. 

<= Evidences endorsed K. 5. penes Ph. Langdale, Esq. f Torre's East Riding, p. 1468. 



2G2 SWINE. 

defrauded, he furthermore ordained, that the inhabitants of those towns shall repair to the parish church of 
Swine, on the feasts of Easter !ind our Lady's assumption, as they were wont to do in preceding times,* 
" There had been antiently," says another authority," " a chapel, to save the inhabitants a labour in going to 
the parish church of Swine, and a chaplain, hired by the prioress of Swine, to celebrate therein ; for, in the 
ordination of the chantry, founded in this new-built chapel by Walter Skirlaw, he ordained,'^ that the chaplains 
presented by him should undergoe the cure of the parishioners of that chapel, and do all other offices, as the 
chaplain hired by the prioresse of Swine there, before these times, used to doe, — sicut capellanus conductitius 
ibidem ante hoc terapora ad stipendia priorissae de Swine et parochianorum poni solitus facere consuevit. And 
in another place, speaking of a fit habitation for his chaplains, he assigneth them the antient habitation long 
since provided for the chaplain there, — antiquam habitationem pro capellano ibidem dudem ordinat' ;— and 
again, speaking of a place for their chaplain's conveniency adjoining to the habitation, he saith, — quam placeam 
cum crofto capellani antiquitus ibidem existentes p' eorum habitatione ex dono prioresse & conventus de Swyna 
tenebant & possidebant. But time, it seems, had brought that former chapel into some mines and decay ; 
whereupon our Walter Skirlaw, taking his name from this town of Skirlaw, where he was born, as he saith 
himself, — ubi originem duximus, — had a fit object of exercising his charitie, in repairing the old, or rather 
in the building of a new chapel, which for goodness of materials, and neatness of workmanship, far exceeds all 
in these parts This chapel he built in the latter end of king Richard II. his reign, or beginning of Henry 
IV. ; for, in the first part of his reign, he procured Henry Fourth's license to endow an ecclesiastic with £20. 
per ann. to celebrate ; and after, in the 4th H. IV. the king gives license lo Walter, to give to the abbot of 
Thornton in Lincolnshire 17 mess. 2 tofts, 302 acres of land, 56 acres of meadow, and Cs. 8d. rent, with their 
appurts. in Barow, Ulsehie, and Grimeslie, valued at 18 marks per ann. ; and 5th Jan. 5 H. IV. he pro- 
cured license of Richd. Scroop, abp. of York, to the same purpose. And being thus prepared, 2nd May, 6 
H. IV. by his writing under his seal, he foundeth one chantry of two chaplains, in the chapel of Skirlaw, and 
Robert Brynston and Wra. Skirlaw, priests, are the first chaplains by the founders institutions ; and thereby 
he ordains good laws for the establishment and ordering of their pensions and celebrations, and of themselves, 
as also for their habitation and future presentation ; and afterwards, procures the consent of the chapter of 
York, and of the prioress and convent, to this iiis ordination ^ Walter Skirlaw, a pious and bumble prelate, 
whose name is transmitted to posterity only by his works of charity and munificence, was educated at Durham 
House, Oxford, where he proceeded, D D. ; July 31, nominated archdeacon of the East-Riding; Dec. 2, 1370, 
made prebendary of Fenton ; July 19, 1374, appointed official of the abp.'s court f was consecrated bishop of 
Litchfield in 1385-G; translated to Bath and Wells on the I8th August, 1386; and again removed to Durham 
on the 3rd April, 1388, by a papal instrument, dated the same day with that which removed his predecessor, 
Frodham, from Ely. His will d. 7th March, 1404; he died March 24, 1405; w. p. 21st April, 1406.' The 
will of the good bishop commences—-' In nomine surame & individue Trinitate p'ris & filii spiritus sancte 
beatissime Dei Genetrices &; Virginis Marie ac beatorum Petri & Pauli k Andree apostolorum sanctorum et 
confessorum Cuthberti Johannis & Martirii nee non totius Ccclestis curie — Amen." 

Imprimis, he gave his soul to Almighty God his creator, and his body to be buried in the church of 
Durham, between the two pillars on the north side of the quire or presbytery of the said church, where he 
hath newly ordained his monument. Item, he bequeathed £200. to be distributed among the poor, and more 
especially his tenants. Item, he gave £200. for purchasing priestly ornaments, to celebrate mass in for the 

" Torre's East-Riding, p. 1468. " Mid. Bail. Miscel. 63, 64, 65, 66. -^ Vide Sequens. 

■^ Mid. Bail. Miscel. 63, 64, 65, 66. ' Torre's Minster, 608 and 99. ' Willis's Survey of Cathedrals, 

Hutchinson's Durham, Surtees's Durham, all contain an account of the archbishop and his munificent acts. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 263 

space of one year next after his death. Ilem, to the church of Durham one golden chalice, vvith St. Cuthbert's 
image upon it. Item, a belter cloth for the high altar, &c. Item, to the prior of Durham, who may be living 
at the time of his death, 40 sh. ; to the superior 20 sh. ; to each of the monks 13s. 4d. present at his exequies, 
and for the celebration of three masses for his soul. Item, to Durham College, Oxford, £40. Item, to Joan 
his sister, £40, — et unum ciphum argenteum deauratum coopertum de melioribus. Item, to Elene, the relict 
of his brother William, one cup of silver, — unum ciphum argentium, — 10 marks, and 1 robe. Item, to the 
fabric of the church of Durham, 100 marks ; to that of Beverley, £40. He bequeaths to the monks of the 
monastry of Swine £100. for a perpetual obit, on the day on which he died ; and that they pay to every monk 
and sister there being 4d. ; to the prioress double ; and to the chaplain and clerks of the parochial church, 
6s. 8d. for his obit. Item, to the finishing of his chantry at Skirlaw, if not completed at his death, 200 marks. 
(Item lego ad complementum cantariae de Skirlawe si illam ante Mortem meum non complevero cc marc et 
plus quantum ad compleceionem ejusdem fuerit oportunum.) To every of his esquires lOOsh. ; to every of 
his valets 50sh. ; to every groom of his family 33sh. 4d. ; to every of his pages 20sh. ; to.vards the work of 
his new dormitory, in the priory of Durham, 100 marks; to the fabtick of the steeple of the church of How- 
den £40., with numerous other legacies. An inventory is attached to the will of all the goods of the said 
reverend father, bequeathed in his will and codicil to the divers legatees. The will, codicils, and inventory, 
are of very considerable length, and too long for insertion. This prelate appears to have devoted bis income 
to the public good. He is said to have been born of humble parents in this village; and that his coat of arms, 
which are so frequently seen in the cathedral and cloisters of Durham, York minster, University UoU. Oxford, 
and on the front of Hilton castle, are in allusion to it, his father being a sieve, riddle, or basket maker. 
Chapel of St. Augustine's. — Ordinatmi of Bishop Skir lam's Chantry. 
Walter Skirlaw, bishop of Durham, having obtained the king's license, dated 18th Nov, 1 H. and the license 
of Ed. archbishop of York, dated 5th January, 1403, — out of the devotions and sincere affection which he bore 
to the nunnery of Swyne, and to the chappelry of Skirlaw, where he was born, and to the relief of certain poor 
parishioners of the said chapel,— ordained, created, made, and founded one perpetual chantry of two chaplains 
in the chapel of Skirlaw; instituting therein Robt Brynston and W. Skirlaw, p'brs, to be chaplains thereof 
for term of life. And willed, that the said Robt. and his successors be principals and wardens of the said 
chapel and chantry, and to have cure of all the parishioners thereof, in all things, as the stipendiary chaplin 
heretofore used to have, who was hired by the prioress of Swine and these parishioners ; and who shall make 
oath to the said prioress and convent, to answer them faithfully in such small tythes, oblations, obventions, 
as shall be offered by the said parishioners of the said chapel. And in recompence for his pains, the priors 
and convent shall pay him 13s. 4d. per ann. instead of the two marks and half they were wont before to give 
to the stipendiary priest thereof; and the residue of the said pension, being 26s. 8d. shall be assigned for tlie 
yearly maintenance of the chapel in bread, and candle for celebration of masses ; and the chaplains shall also 
have 6s. 8d. towards the repairs of their houses, and for wine in their celebrations. Likewise, there shall be 
3s. 4d. given to the vicars, priests, and clerks, on the day of his exequies ; and other 3s 4d. and 6s. 8d. to be 
distributed among the nuns of the house, on the day of his anniversary obit, for ever, to be celebrated in the 
priory of Swyne. Furthermore ordaining, that the said chaplains shall be bound daily to say (the canonical 
hours) and celebrate masses according to the use of the church of York; and that one of them do daily cele- 
brate the mass of the day ; and the other, on every Sunday, the mass de Trinitate ; and on Mondays, Wed- 
nesdays, and Fridays, the mass of Requiem pro mortuis ; and on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, the 
mass de Sancta Virgine, in which, excepting on double festivals, they shall devoutly say one collect for the 
good estate of himself while he lives, — scilicet rege quesumus, &c. ; and another collect, — scilic' deus qui 
charitatis, Sec — for his kindred friends and benefactors then living ; and after his decease, the collect, — scib 



264 



Deus qui inter apostolicos, &c. ; and the collect, — scil' Deus Omnipotens sempiterne Deus cui nunquam sine 
spe, — for the souh of his parents, kindred, friends, and benefactors. And that, every day, they shall sing or 
say at matins or vespers, the canonical hours, nithin the said chapel ; and each of them shall say the office of 
the dead, — scil' placebo dirige cum commendatione, &c. And that, every Lord's Day, one of them 
shall celebrate, in the chapel of Skirlaw, the great mass, with the solemn orations thereof as the manner 
is ; to expound to the people, touching the good estate of himself, and of Joan his sister, while they live, and 
after their decease, to make special mention for their souls, kc. Then he granted to the said two chaplains and 
their successors, that ancient habitation for the old chaplains ordained, and one place, with a croft, on the south 
side of the chapel yard, which were anciently assigned by the prioress and convent of Swine for the said old 
chaplain to have and to hold the same to them and their successors (chaplains) for a mansion, wherein they 
shall dwell, eat, drink, and converse together; and that each chaplain and his successor shall have 8 m. per 
ann. paid out of the annual pension of 16 m. granted to the abbat and convent of Thornton for that purpose. 
The principal of them, who shall be called the warden of the chantry, shall bear the cure of all parishioners 
of the town and hamlets belonging to the chapel, as the stipendiary chaplain who was hired by the prioress 
and parishioners were wont to bear. Lastly, that the said chaplains and their successors shall be presented in 
all vocations by himself during life, and, after his decease, by the prioress and convent of Swine for the time 
being; all which was confirmed by the chapter of York, 8th June, 1406. 

^I close List of the Wardens hereof. 



Instituted. 


Person,. 


Patrons. 


Vacated by 


2nd May 


1404 Rt. Brynston 


Wm. Skirlaw, Epi. Dun. 


Resig. 


13th August 


1424! Wm. Wragby 


Pr. and Conv. of Swine 


the same 


6th April 


1437 


Jno. Eobynson 


the same 


the same 


22nd March 


1446 


Wm. Buks 


the same 


Resig.pro Ecc de Collum 


27th May 


1448 


Thos. Newton 


the same 


the same 


4th April 


1412 


Galfrid Redmere 


the same 





1493 Geo. Rewrson 

A close List of the secondary Chapla 



of the Chantry. 



2nd May 1404 Wm. Skirlaw Wm. Skirlaw, Epi. Dun. Resig. 

.5th October 1410 Jno. Gilbert Pr. and Conv. of Swine Mort. 

13th May 1 447 Jno. Wright the same the same 

9th August 1 462 Wm. Webster the same Resig. pro vie Bp. Burton 

18th July 1467 Rt. Galleres the same Mort. 

18th January 1468 Jno Corte the same the same 

28th January 1499 Rd. Oustwicke the same the same 

11th April 1525 Thos. Deyne the same the same 

20th April 1529 Rd. Wilson the same the same 

Wm. Wilberforce, Esq. is the present patron of Skirlaugh chapel ; his late respected father purchased it 
from the survivor of the family of Moorhouse, of whom there are memorials in the chapel. It is valued with 
the parish church of Swine, both together amounting only to £102 per annum. The chapel is capable of con- 
taining a congregation of 300 persons. 



i 



IP 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 2C5 

The Fabric, dedicated to St. Augustine, consists of a nave and tower, at the west 
end, a small chapel on the north side. Exterior. — A very prominent feature in this 
beautiful chapel is the five buttresses on each side, with double buttresses at the angles, 
all of three set ofi"s, terminating above the battlement in handsome crocketted pinnacles ; 
they are so formed as not to impede the light admitted by a window placed between each 
buttress, of perpendicular character, and of three lights, cinquefoiled, surrounded by a 
drip-stone, terminating in small shields, each bearing the arms of Arch- 
bishop Skirlaw. On the south side is a small porch, battlemented, with 
a depressed arched doorway, through which the chapel is entered by a 
pointed doorway with many mouldings. Another small pointed door- 
way is under a window of the east end. On the north side is another 
similar doorway, having a small recess on one side of it. The little 
chapel on this side has merely a square-headed light. The east end 
displays a large pointed window, of five lights, with tracery and dripstone ^""sof Atp. skiria.v. 
of uniform character with the rest ; the windows all rest on a tablet. The tower is of 
three stages ; the basement adorned with a range of blank quatrefoil panels. In the 
lowest stage of the west face is a pointed window of the same character ; in the second 
stage, above the battlemented tablet, is a crocketted niche for a statue ; in the upper, a 
pointed belfry window, of two lights, trefoiled, divided by a transom, with a dripstone, 
terminating in heads ; above which the tower finishes in a series of open, crocketted, 
trefoil niches, resting on a cornice ornamented with heads, which has a rich effect. The 
belfry windows are repeated on each of the other sides of the tower ; there are gargoyles 
under the cornice at top. The Interior is quite in keeping with the exterior, having a 
lofty, light, airy appearance. The pulpit placed against the north wall. A wainscct 
pannelled gallery and pews. The eastern end is used as a chancel, and is without pews. 
On each side, and under the east window, are two elegant brackets for statues. In the 
south-east corner a water drain. A small door leads into the little chapel used as a vestry. 
A plain octagonal font close to the north door. The windows have been curiously painted 
and set with coats of arms, but in 1656 were almost all gone, and white glass substituted in 
lieu thereof; there remains only Walter de Skirlaugh, viz.— A. 3 pallets crossing 3 barrulets 
(very frequent). A. 3 trefoils gu. in bend between 2 cottises, sa. A. on a chev. sa. 3 mullets, 
or. Gu. a bear, or, porcupine salient, ar. Or, on a chev. sa. 3 mullets, A. B. 3 chev. 
braced in base, and a chief, or. Barry of 6, or and B. A. 3 chaplets, gu. B. 5 mart- 
letts about a cross, Patte, or. Eng. and France, in a frettee, quarterly, 4th as 2nd, 5th 
gone." In consequence of the winds, which blow very strongly from all quarters of the 
flat country, trees were planted in the chapel yard to abate their force, but too late to save 

« Dade MS.S. 

2 N 2 



266 SWINE. 

the painted glass from destruction ; they are now become venerable, and give a highly 
picturesque effect on viewing the chapel from the north. 

Monumental Inscriptions. — Marble mural at the east end — Sarah, wife of James Brown, M.D. of Beverley, 
d. 9 April, 1830, a;t. 68. Ann, wife of Jno. Williams, of Beverley, surgeon, d. 19 July, 1819, a?t. 30 ; arma 
underneath Thomas Moorehousc Bramley, Esq. of Wyton, d. Sep. 22, 1804 ; also Mary, his dr. d. 2 Mar. 
1820, a;t. 17. Rev. Matthew Williamson, 48 years vicar of this parish, d. Oct. 4, 1824, get. 76. Floor stones 
within the altar rails — Wm. Langdale, of Lanthorpe, d. 8 Nov. 1721. Thomas Moorehouse Bramley, of 
Wyton, Esq. 22 Sep. 1804; Mary Ann, his dr. as above; Mary, wife of Thomas Bramley, d. 17 Dec. 1801. 
Thomas Bramley, of Wyton. 6 June, 1801, aet. 47. John Moorhouse, of North Skirlaugh, 22 Oct. 1764, 
act. 36. Bev. John Moorhouse, of Sproatley, 25 Mar. 1740; also two children, d. in their minority. West 
end— Thomason, wife of Ralph Rand, the younger, Feby. 11, 1691, xt. 31 ; also Frances, wife of Robert 
Jackson, Mar. 12, 1785, a;t. 64. Rev. Mattw. WilHamson, Oct. 4, 1824, xt. 70. Mary, wife of Jos. Holden, of 
Benningholme, 12 Jan. 1817, oet. 44. Robt. s. & h. of Robt. Carrick, of Benningholme Grange, d. 2 Mar. 
1736, ait. 63. Charity, wife of the above R. C. ; had three other husbands, — Juo. Lilly, John Luck, and Hy. 
Nevill ; she died s. p. 28 Dec. 1772, ict. 90. Robert Carrick, youngest son of the above, d. at Nuttles Hall, 
18 June, 1745, let. 19. 

In the vestry is framed the abstract of Riston award. Length of the church, including tower, 79 feet; 
breadth (interior) 22 ft. ; height of tower, to top of pinnacles, 64 ft. ; extreme breadth, (exterior), including 
buttresses, 36 ft. ; height of nave to top of battlements, 33 ft. The carved screen, pulpit, seats, &c. coeval 
with the building are gone The pews and other furniture are all new. 

Skiul.vw School. — Marmaduke Langdaill, or Langdale, of Dowthorp, by will, dated 1 Aug. 7 Jas. I. (1609), 
proved 30th Nov 1612, gave the sura of £100, the increase thereof to be employed by four, six or eight of the 
most sufficient men in resident North Skirlaw, South Skirlaw, Rowtoa and Arnold, for the repairs of the chapel of 
Skirlaw, and the maintenance of children there, and teaching them, at the discretion of the most substantial 
men of that chapel. The language of the will is certainly most singular, as it regards the " school master." 
If the school at Santon, or Wighton be not by the laws allowed, (this alludes to a bequest to these places) then 1 
give the £20 per ann. to the maintenance of God's servise, preachinge and pronouncinge God"s holie word, and 
teachinge of poore children at the chappel of South Skerley, soe longe as the chappel may be suffered, and God's 
service there to be sunge or saide, soe that the minister and priest there be a painfull precher of the word of 
God, to edifie the congregacion there and thereabouts ; and every week once, to make a sermon, at the least, 
and a diligent and paynfull techer of the children, without the takinge of any thinge for the techinge of them, 
and to be such a teacher, as is an honest, vertuous godly man, to leade a single life, neither to be a married 
man, nor to take or marry a wife for his owne use or company ; neither to be a whoremonger, fornicator, or 
drunkard, nor a great company keeper, but a civill, honest man in livinge, to all mens judgements ; and to 
behave himself according to God's holie lawes, statutes and injunctions, and not to run a fleshinge and eating 
flesh of forbidden daye>, contrary to the injunctions and orders of the holy church, and the king's majesties 
wholesome and Godlie laws, /or / due thinke thai a dutiful minister, a painful preacher, and a diligent 
teacher nf children in that place at Skerley chappel, shall hate little occasion to have the use or company 
of any noman, hut rather dran-e him to folly, cove/ousness, to haired, and malice, and other ungodlie 
exercises by reason of such charge as mould grone upon, being in such a bare and barren place as Skerley 
chapel stands in." lie further gave £100, the profits thereof to be disbursed towards the marriages of poor 
servants and poor labourers that should be married at South Skirlaw, Rowton, North Skirlaw, and Arnold ; 
towards the relief of poor children to be bound apprentices, and others from the school at South Skirlaw or 
North Skirlaw, or other poor children there, having no other means of relief to become apprentices withal, so 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 267 

they should be put out to handicraft men to learn to get their living ; and the testator charged all his real and 
personal estate with the payment of the said sums of money. By a decree in the Court of Chancery, in 1056, 
two closes were settled upon trustees, and the real and personal estates of the testator discharged from the said 
legacies. The distribution of the money arising from the rents, is at the discretion of the trustees for the pur- 
poses mentioned in the will. It appears, say the commissioners, (1S23(, that while the necessity does not exist 
of applying a portion of the charity funds, the trustees may without impropriety, increase the sum annually 
applied for teaching poor children, and thus provide for the education of a larger number. 

The Ciiapei, Estate, which consists of two cottages, one of wbich has always formed part of the school 
house at Skirlaugh, and eleven acres or thereabouts ; and other eight acres, being an allotment made on the 
enclosure in lieu of common right belonging to the cottages, is under the management of .the chapel warden 
for the time being. This estate is supposed to be that given by Bishop Skirlaugh. The rents, amounting (in 
1823) to £35 14s. 6d. ; and certain money payments or rent charges, amounting to 9s. 4d., together £30 3s. lOd. 
are applied in repairing the chapel, and in payment of the ordinary expenses attending the performance of divine 
service there ; and for sometime there was a sum of £-5 or thereabouts, yearly applied towards the supplying 
the deficiency in subscriptions for raising an annual stipend of £20 .5s. to the minister of the chapel, who 
say the commissioners, has no other emolument !^ 

The will of Mr. Langdale, previously alluded to, is a very long one. Among numerous legacies, he 
bequeaths to Blyth, of Frodingham, his swanner, £3 6s. 8d. To his very good friend, Mr. Avery Birkbie, of 
York, for five years after the death of the testator, every year a payr of younge s%vanns, to be delivered between 
Mickle and Martin Mass ; to Mr. Aldra. Biikbie, his father, a candlestick, with divers lights in it; and to 
lady Birkbie, his wife. 3 angels ; to his (testator's) nephew, Beverley, who married his nephew Constable's 
daughter, £10 to buy him a cast of hawkes. 

The villnge is delightfully situated in the southern vale of the Lnmwith, which here assumes the name of 
Skirlaw Beck. There are about 1190 acres belonging to several proprietors, among whom are B. S. Morritt, 
Esq. of Rokeby, near Greta Bridge, as trustee of lands belonging to Cawood Hospital, left for the maintenance 
of four widows ; John Swann, Esq. has about 132 acres; I. Wbitaker, Esq., Mr. W. V. Norman, Hull, and 
other smaller proprietors. Mr. Eichardson, surgeon, has a handsome house and garden here. A large quantity 
of celts, spear heads, sword blades, &c. was discovered here in 1809.'' 

THIRTLEBY, or Thirkleby, is returned under the manor of Mappleton, as Torchilebi, a soke having four 
carucates, and was probably the habitation of Torchil, a Saxon or Dane, who, before the conquest, seated 
himself at this place. 

9 E. I. Herbert St. Quintin held lands in this place ; and through the reigns of Edvv. 
I. II. & III. the St Quintins arc found as holding the manors of Woodhall, Elwardby, and 
Thirkilby. 

Lord Fitzhugh, at Thirkylby, in the Fast-Riding, is stated, after the feast of St. Michael, to have converted 
3 acres of arable land into pasture, and from this cause 2 cottages had gone to ruin, (see p. 61 , v. 2.) The priory 
of Swine held lands here at a very early period ; as it appears that Richard Holme, clerk, and Peter de la Hay 
were to have license to give to this priory two messuages, value per ann. each Is., 160 acres of arable, each 
acre worth 3d. per ann. and 18 acres of meadow, worth 5d. per acre per ann. It would appear by the will of 
Lord Hastings, dated 27 June, 1481, that he held this manor. Woodhall, Eldwardby, and Thurkleby are 
exempted from the decree in the parish of Brandesburton. Marmaduke Langdale, 29 Sept. 1612, was seized 
at the time of his death, of 4 cottages, 100 acres of arable, pasture, and meadow. 10 James I. Wm. Gee, knt. 

'■^ Char. Com. Rep. vol. 9, p. 780. " See Beverlac, p. 5. 



2G8 SWINE. 

held a farm or tenements in Thirklebie (in the occupation of Robt. Nicholson) of the king, by military service. 
3 Cbas. John Gee, Esq. held certain lands here. On a reference to Woodhall, p. 257, it will be found that 
Thirtleby, as it is now written, is still included in the manor of Woodhall. In the present day it belongs to 
.several freeholders ; there are 5 farm houses and lands, respectively belonging to Thomas Dibbs, in right of 
his wife, and Ann Beal, David Vickerman, of Marfleet, Mr. Torr, S. Brigbam, Mr. Stephenson, of Aldbro' ; 
3 cottages and a small tenement of Wm. Blanchard's ; these generally hold the tithes, although Viscount Downe 
IS impropriator of part. 

WYTON. — Widetune, a soke of Mapleton of four carucates. Temp. II. II. In confirmation of the grant to 
the abbat of Thornton, (ita legitur) of the gift of Robert, son Eruisii, in Wyton, one bovate, and one toft with 
all its appurtenances, of the gift of Bernard, son of Hann, lands in Witon and Thornton, and common pasture 
in WitoD, as the charter of the said Bernard testifies." H. III. John de Wyton held a hall (unam Aulam"") 
situated below a certain messuage here of the king in capite, with lands in South Skiidaw, as of the hon. of Alb. 
by the service of the 0th part of a knight's fee, doing suit and service at the wappentak court. 9 E. I. Kirby 
returns Henry de Winetonas holding in Wineton (Wyton) five carucates and a half, where 48 carucates make 
a knight's fee. 33 E. I. Henry de Wineton held a messuage and one carucate and a half of land here, paying 
castle ward at Skipsea."^ 9 E II. In Nora. Vill. John de Wyneton and Wm. de la Twyer are the principal 
holders of land in this place. H. VII. Robert Constable, of Burton Constable, gave to G trustees all his lands 
in Wyneton. 

The family of Brigham is first mentioned as lidding this manor 35 H. VIII. ; but at 
what time it first came into their possession is not ascertained, in that year Thomas 
Brigham, Esq. held the manor of Wyton, 

3 mess. 3 cott. 4 crofts, C bovates of arable, and 40 acres of land here, of the heirs of Thomas Constable, kt. 
as of his manor of Burton Constable, by the service of 1-Cth part of knt's fee; Geo. son and heir.'' In the reign 
of Chas. I. John Gee, Esq. held certain lands here." 

TABLE OF DESCENT OF BRIGHAM, OF WYTON AND BRIGHAM, 

From the Harleian, No. 1487, j). 300; aTid M.S, Vol. East-Riding Pedigrees, Burton Constable Library. 
Walter Bricdam, of Brigham, H. I.= 




Robert Brigham 


Hu6h.= 


ra, wire or Pcler, ThcobalJ, conBrmed lands in Pennisthorpe and Owylhfleot to the= Alice >vife of Robert 
t Ralph de Ryse. abbey of Meaux. as appears from the register ; and sold lands 1 Brestnath. 
In East Halsham to Lucas de Hedon. 


Sir William, made his will In 12T7. = Emmc, daughter of John Moore. 


Theobald, living Edward I. and II. ut pat 
tiken before him. 


etper Inq. 32 Edward I.=Maud, daughter of Sir 
1 Amand de Ruda. 


William, 5. and h.=Joanne. John._Eliza 
.e.p.E.III. 1 1 


eth. Robert. Richard. Thomas. Theobald. 



» Cart. 87, 3.5, 6, 7. •> Aula, Ilalla, or Haula, the chief mansion house, was the usual appendage of 

a manor. Sir E. Ellis, in his Introduction to Domesday, gives many instances of its being used in that record. 
" Inq. p. mortem, p. 196. '' Ridley, 13, 1. « Ibid, 4, 14, b. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



dc FauDCOurt, 
id in default, to 1 



John de Brigham.= 
td^-Wm" B?igham' | 



Robert, as appears from an entail, d. at Brig- 
ham, 22 E. HI. Cicely, daughter of Robert 
Twj-er, married Wm. lJrii;ham; 2ndly, John 
Weucelagh. 



Sir John Brigham, living 1 



Dyonisia, 



daughtei 
Middlet 

brother George. 



;r raotner Agnes, under her 
3 goods at Fisholme for life, 



■ Brigham 






called WiUliam i 



e grandfather—Elizabeth, daugh. and co-heir ofof Wil 
k. I of Cottingham; re-married Jno. I 



-^Margaret, daughter of Gilbert ^ 

I 

ied in 1656; he compounded for 



■, of Cranswick, Co. Ebor. 
lands in Wyton. Brigham.' 



Henry, died Dorothy, a legate* 



rwiil.d I 
1670 



Mary, wife of Mr. Ralph Marg; 



Meicair, a lega- nington, Esq. acquired 
■ Dorothy 





,'J- 


n 


Roger had 14 


-Elizabeth, dtr. 


G 




Ralph 


^IX^ 




c 




































Hcssleside, 




1-^ 

t3» 








^&? 






Esq., buriea 


s*! 








N"^ 


i; 






u 


u 








^^ 


& 






r? 


ft 








= s^ 








=3 










&^3 


•■ 






s 


=s 












































?TS. 










"■ 
















1 









9th October, 1739. 



; eighteen children, ; 



John Brigham, of Pres-__A 
ton. Esq • " ■ 

Kilvingtc 



ughter of Mary, i 



SoldDunnington 
to Mr. Bell, of 
Headon ; ob, 30 



Ursula Brigham, Margaret, died in 
who ob. young ; at St. Saviour's 



Roger and Ralph, died a 



Nicholas, died youtig, 1 



Youngest of the children 1 



n._Eliz. dtr. of Thos. Ann, wife of Edw. Plompton. 

iChampnev, of of Snaitt 

Lelley Dike. 

John, born at Headon ; living 1783 ; (17SC according to another pedigree.) 



This family is now become extinct. 



In 1767, the manor and estate of the late Win. Brigham, Esq., consisting of about 400 
acres of enclosed lands, with two farm houses, were sold by public auction. 

Another family, of the name of Raines, believed to be originally from Essex, who were 
old proprietors of the soil and possessed considerable property, lived here at the com- 
mencement of the 17th, during the 18th, and beginning of the 19th Century, and held 
this manor. 

TABLE OF DESCENT OF HAINES, OF WVTON. 



Thomas Raines, of Pain 



r Dec, 15.0, 2 H. VI 



I •"" 



\ ^^ 


/ 


Cic^ 


y, bap. 15H. 


William, of Wesu 


, Agues, dr 


^ 


Thomas, lived at=MarBaret, d. 














fi 
































=■ 




























NewlontoLaw- 




" 


April. 15 :. 


iions rampant 


ar... 






A?dbVo' °burch'.° 




I 





John.w.d.^Margare'. dr. 



Anlbony. married, 



1(313; married, Qod 



Aldbro-, lti22. 



IS'illiam. a minor in 1583, a 
10 Wm. Hy. Consiable, 
Constable, Esq. by his f 



Robert, Ob. 1622, 



Henry, of Wyton. Esq. w. d. 2nd Feb. 



Henry, of Wyton. Esq. 



WiUam Clark. 
M. A.rec-tot of 

Ob. 1770, s. p.' 



John, of Wy-=»Anr. dr. of John Mary, married William, lived at Holmp- 
■Wilkinson, Esq. 1715, Geo. s. ton; mar. let Jane, dlr. 
Ob. 17 1; bur. and heir of of — Martin, Esqr. ; 2Dd, 
atBiltOD. Wm. Clap- Mary, dtr. of • • Brailh- 

ham, Esq. naite ; ob. I7r>]. s. p. - 

buried at Holmpton. 



;; _2 James, b.=MarT. d(r. ,, -.r. '^ = -_„K i- 
-■;i=, l73,ob. of Taylor, tl^n E^fg'^ ^ 

^4 11^ i.^^i ^^ 



1 Jan. 17-8, ob IGlh June, 1800, s. p. ; buried in Swine church. 



IIDDLE BAILIWICK. 271 







k 




Johil.ob.young John Raines, of Wy-= 

1 


Anne, dtr. of Mary, b. 1722,-John Wilty, of Hull, Esq. Hen'ry of Tur-=Eliz dlr. of 
♦ • • obiit. obiit. 1791 ; ». & h. of Rev. J. Wilty, mer Hail, b. Mr. Thos. 
1807; bur. bur. in Bll- M.A.rectorofLocking- 172C,ob.l731, Hardy, 
at Billon. ton church, ton, obiit. 1761, (3) s. p. 


Jane, obiit. Anne, bom 
1734, un- 1727. mar. 
married. Cio. s.and 
h. 0. Clap- 
ham, Esq"^ 

tor of Warrington, 
m. Lane. 


Anne, born 1761, married Mr. 
buried in B"ton''ih™Jh'' ^' 




aLu, bom 12th November, 1746,=John Kirkman, of Hull, 
Ob. 21st April, 1811. 1 Esquire, obiit. 1839, 




Ann ; John ; ob. young. Mary.^John Haxby, of Pontcfract, Esq M.D. ob. 1823. 


John.=Jane, dtr. of Sir 


Bainb 


idge. Jl'ary Anne._Eer. Wm. Jas. Farrington, M. A. grandson of Rev. Dr. F. re 
younger son of Sir William F. of Shaw Hall, Co 



Sarah, born 173"!, Anne, daughter of Fran-=Wm. Raines, of Wyton, Esq. a opt. in the East York=Ann, dtr. of Michael Tenny 
id afterwards captain of a company of | his wife fl), 2nd uxor, a! 
. which he raised in 1794 ; born 1737, died 
led in Bilton church. 



cis Caiey.of Doncaster 
^-- bom 1751, obiit. 
; buried in Bilton 



Elizabeth Clayton Raines, only daughter, bora 14th April,— Rev. Geo. Inraan, M A. incumbent c 
1791 i living 1840. I Easington, and Kilnsea. 

Has issue a son. Herbert, and seven daughters. 



Fanny, only daughter of Marmaduke Browne Esq.^William Raines, of Wyton, Esq. only s. and h.=Agnes Grace, daugh. of the Rev. Major Dawson, M. .\. 
^~ ■ ' -....-. ._.,., . ^ . . j^j. ^^ Rand, Co. 1 inc. and incumbent of Marton 

1 Farlinglon, Co. York ; living 1840. (6) 



bii 



(1.) By indenture, 2 June, 1694, Henry Eaines, and Sarah his wife, convey to trustees, (John Eayley and 
Richd. Cresswell,) lands in Wyton ; and by indenture, 27 June, 1721, convey to trustees, (the said John 
Eayley, John Eaines, and Wm. Eaines,) the same lands, and others in Wyton and Hedon, for the use of 
their son, Henry, and their grand-children, &c. 

(2.) By w. d. 18 Dec, 1805, after directing his real estate at Sproatley to be sold, he gave, amongst other 
bequests, the following, to different charitable institutions, " to be applied to carrying on the charitable designs 
thereof respectively, that is to say : — To the General Infirmary, Kingston-upon-HuU, £500. To the County 
Hospital, for sick and lame, in the city of York, the sura of £200. To the fund called Lupton's Fund, per- 
taining to the Lunatic Asylum, which fund is expressed to be instituted for the benefit of poor insane persons 
only, the sum of £200. To the charity schools in the city of York, for the education of Blue Coat Boys 
and Grey Coat Girls, the sum of £200. ; and to the charity for the relief of widows, orphans, and distressed 
families of the clergy, within the East-Eiding of the county of York, and town and county of Kingston- 
upon-Hull, the sum of £200. ; and to the feoffees or trustees of the charity school at Sproatley, there founded 
and endowed for the education and bringing up, &c. of ten poor boys and ten poor girls, the sum of £200. 
And he further willed and directed, that the sum of £200. should be divided and distributed amongst poor 
housekeepers, or other indigent persons residing within the several townships of Burton Constable, West 
Newton, Marton, Sproatley, and EUerby, all in Holderness, whether coming within the description of 
parochial poor or not, in such manner as his trustees should think fit ; which several legacies he ordered to 
be paid out of his personal estate only. 

(3.) He was the cousin of the writer of the following letter to Thoresby, (see his correspondence, vol 2, p. 219,) 
and son of John, and brother of Ealph Witty, mentioned therein. Jan. 20, 1709-10. — Honored Sir, — In 
pursuance of your request, I procured the two letters which come along with this, the one from my uncle, 
Mr. John Witty, rector of Lockington, near Beverley, and the other from my cousin, Mr, Ealph Witty^ 
senior fellow of St. Peter's Coll Cambridge, My uncle is not much worth, but my cousin is full, and may 

VOL. II. 2 o 



272 SWINE. 

be relied upon ; and to it I can add, that after all the search I can make, it is highly probable, that I am the 

eldest son of the eldest branch of the family ; and I am very much of opinion, that at the same time that 

our ancestors fled out of Flanders to Hull, the De Witts, (whom I believe of the same family,) made their 

escape into Holland. 
(4.) She was daughter of George Clayton, Esq. of Grimsby, and Dorothy his wife, daughter and co-heiress of 

Christopher Hildyard, Esq of Kelstern ; who was grandson of Henry Hildyard, Esq. of Wineslead and 

East Horsley, and his wife. Lady Ann Lecke, eldest daughter of Francis Lord D'Eyncourt, and carl of 

Scarsdale. She ultimately became sole heiress of her father and mother. 
(5.) He was eldest son of Marmk. Browne, Esq. of Beverley, and died in the life time of his father ; who, by 

will, d. 27 July, 178.0, devised all his estates, situate in Burstwick, Skeckling, Ganstead, and Sproatley, to 

his second son, Thomas Bnwne. 
(6.) Mr. Dawson was lord of the manor, and proprietor of Bonwick. His father was grandson of Wm. Dawson, 

Esq. of StiUington, and Agnes, sister of Sir Wm. Lowther, M.P. for Pontefract, 1695, great-grandfather of 

Wm. 2nd Viscount Lowther, created Earl of Lonsdale, 4th April, 1807. He died at Beverley, 21 Dec. 1829, 

and was buried in St. Mary"s Church there. 

In 1794, at a time when the dearest and most sacred interests of the inhabitants of this kingdom were at 
stake, and every man cheerfully stepped forward, and enrolled himself with eagerness to testify his loyalty to 
his king and country, the opulent and respectable tenantry of Holderness were eminently conspicuous for their 
patriotism. Capt. Raines, of Wyton, who had had some experience as a military officer, having joined 
the East York Militia at the breaking out of the American War, and continued in that force to the close of 
it, became of infinite service to the cause. The following extract from a letter of Edward Constable, 
Esq. of Burton Constable, dated 1 7th October, 1794, upon the arranging a volunteer force for the pro- 
tection of the Holderness coast, is couched in the language of an old English gentleman, and may not be 
improperly quoted, at a period when infidelity is stalking through the land. 

" If I were not afraid of trespassing on your time and patience, I would willingly lay before you the whole 
of my reflections on the present slate of things ; but not to be tedious I will only trouble you with a few cursory 
remarks. I wish not to excite alarm or terror amongst you. Armed with loyalty, and a true love of our king 
and country, animated with a sincere attachment to our glorious constitution, how can fear reach our breasts ? 
A free born Englishman, a faithful subject, and a virtuous man, feels not the impressions of terror and dismay ; 
but he feels that he ought always to be provident, watchful and ready; and most assuredly the present state 
of distracted Europe ought to put us on our guard, in this free and happy land. When a bloody and impious 
race ot men are plundering and depopulating a great part of Europe — when they are barbarously and wantonly 
murdering the aged, the infirm, and defenceless — and more than this, when they are endeavouring to extend far 
and wide the poisonous contagion of their infernal principles, by which they aim at the destruction of the 
christian religion, and the total overthrow of every moral and social duty, then gentlemen, it behoves every 
honest and virtuous man to stand forward and contribute all he can to check their progress, and to protect and 
defend his king, his country, and constitution. To this we are bound by duty and loyalty ; to this we are 
prompted by that glow of patriotism which must ever animate the breast of an Englishman, and to Ibis we are 
compelled by cur honor, our interest, and our safety. But it is not against the arms of that deluded mass of 
plunderers, and the diabolical principles of their impious leaders, that we have to guard ourselves. To our 
misfortune and confusion be it said, we have too much reason to dread that there exists— even in our happy 
country — men who, poisoned by those fatal doctrines, have been preparing to spread corruption, disloyalty, 
treason, and rebellion among us. This horrid attempt has, thank God, been timely discovered ; kind Providence 
watched over its long favoured island, and the vigilence and energy of government detected and checked, but 
it is to be feared, has not yet been able totally to extinguish this dreadful spirit; a late horrid conspiracy to 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 273 

assassinate our king, shews that there are yet desperate, abandoned, and wicked men in the heart of the kingdom, 
&c. It is useless to add any further observations. Permit me to recommend the foregoing remarks to your 
serious consideration. Your loyal and virtuous hearts will prompt you to every exertion and means of support, 
which your sound judgments and upright sense, and your love for your king and country will suggest. If I 
have taken the liberty to address you on this occasion, I have done it from the purest and best motives ; and 
I flatter myself that will plead my excuse. My love for my king and country, and my veneration and sincere 
attachment to our glorious constitution, have called forth in my mind reflections similar to these ; and the 
honor and happiness I feel of being become an inhabitant and member of this respectable riding, urged me to 
offer these reflections to you, gentlemen, all of whom are, on so many accounts, entitled to the esteem, and 
many to the warmest sense of rrgard and attachment of, gentlemen, your obedient humble servant and well- 
wisher, (signed) Edward Constable. 

A committee was formed for the internal defence of the East-Riding, which was held at the Tiger Inn, in 
Beverley, on Monday, the 26th day of October, 1794, when the following gentlemen were present : — 
Edward Constable, Henry Grimston, Henry Boldero Barnard, Rev. Richd. Gee, 

William Bethell, Robert Burton, Robt. Carlisle Broadley, Rev. Francis Lundy, 

Philip Langdale, James Stovin, William Travis, Esqrs. Sir Christ. Sykes, Bart. 

Thos. Grimston, John Courtney, Rev. Francis Best. 

Henry Boldero Barnard, in the chair, — It was resolved unanimously, that the thanks of the meeting be given 
to Mr. Constable, for his ciicular letter to the gentlemen farmers of Holderness, and that he be requested to 
allow the same to be printed and distributed. That the thanks of the meeting be given to Colonel Vavasour, 
Mr. Deunison, and Mr. SpofForth, for their report, in pursuance of a resohition of a former meeting. That the 
thanks of the meeting be given to Captain Raines, for the exertions already used by him towards raising the 
company at Patrington. That Captain Raines be requested to proceed in organising the Patrington Company, 
without being limited as to time. That Capt. Raines be authorized to employ such Serjeants and drummers 
as he may think necessary for the purpose of training and exercising the Patrington Company as they are raised. 
That Capt. Raines be requested to report progress from time to time to Mr. Lockwood, the clerk, of the 
practicability of raising the Patrington Company, that if necessary a committee may be called to consider 
thereof, &c. &c. A letter had been addressed to Capt. Raines, of Wyton, by Mr. Nich. Torre, in which the 
Captain is requested to hand the names of the oflicers, whom he mentions as proper to receive commissions 
under him, to be forwarded through the committee to the king. In 1797, March 22, General Scott issues 
orders to Capt. Raines, as the commanding ofiicer of the Patrington Company, but they are too long for inser- 
tion ; they are very minute, and descriptive of the duties of the force in case of alarm, and shew the confidence 
placed in these loyal forces in case of actual danger. Capt. Raines re-built Wyton Hall ; his predecessor, at his 
decease, left those splendid charities, detailed in the notes to the pedigree, which remain as lasting proofs of 
his munificence and generosity. In 1807 Mr. Raines sold Wyton Hall and about 200 acres of land, to Mr. 
Meadley, of Aldbro', from whose devisees or trustees it was purchased by Mr. Craven, the present possessor. 
There are altogether about G30 acres in the township. Mrs. Clubley is owner of Wylon House, who, with 
Geo. Alder, Esq. are the present principal proprietors. Lord Viscount Down is the present lay impropriator. 
Wyton is a very pleasant village, and being situated on the late high road from Hull to all parts of Holderness, 
was a particularly cheerful looking spot. 



SPROATLEY. 




N Sprotele, Basinc, Tome, and Tor, had four caru- 
cates of land to be taxed. There is land there to 
four ploughs. Roger, a vassal of Drogo, has now 
there one plough, and four villants with one plough ; 
and forty acres of meadow, one mile long and seven 
quarentens broad, value in king Edward's time fifty 
shillings, now twenty shilhngs. One carucate is 
also returned as a soke to Brocslewic, and five ox- 
gangs to Witforness. 

The first allusion to this place is the gift 

of the church, as early as the reign of 

H. I. by Ralph de Gousle, to the priory 

of Bridlington, which appears to have been given to the priory conjointly by him and 

Walter de V^er. 

10 n. III. Sir Simon de Ver, lord of Sproatley, grants by charter to Galfrid, son of Thomas, son of Giles de 
Sproatley, a bovate of land, with a toft belonging, in ihe vill. of Sproatley, which Wm. son of Richard, lately 
held of the said Simon; and an oxgang and toft more in Sproatley, which Thos. Hewed some time held of 
Simon ; and also a toft which Elinor, relict of Wm. Baudewin, held of Simon. Tested by Sir Wm. Constable, 
Sir Walter Fauconberg, Sir John de Melsa, Sir Simon Coustable, Herbert St. Quintin, John de Nuthil, circa 
10 H. HI ; seal, three compasses; seal of Simon de Ver.^ 3 E. I. Sir Simon de Veer grants many lands and 
tenements here to Roger, son of Philip D'Arcy, which he pledged to king Edward of England, for £20. of the 
king's money, of Simon Constable, then the king's keeper of Holderness.'' 9 E. I. Kirby returns Simon de Vere 
as holding 6 carucates here. HE I. Simon de Veer sold 24 acres of land, and one mill, to Roger Lund, of 
which he never had seiziu ; but was prevented by Thos. de Bray, the bailiff of Lord Edw. Crouchback. Sur- 
viving his wife Aveline, and by the escheator of Holderness, on the death of the said Aveline, 3 Ed. I. if not 
before, by Peter de Willoughbie, and by Thos. de Normanville, successor of the said Peter, &c.'= 15 E. I. 
Simon de Ver enfeoffed Robert Gilt of nine bovates and two-thirds of one bovate, in the manor of Sproatley ; 
and Robert enfeofi'ed bis son Hugo. And the said Simon sold the manor of Sproatley to one Roger, Lord 
D'Arcy, who sold the same manor to Edward 1.'' 22 E. I. Simon le Constable held, at Sproatley, one mark, 
of the heirs of Ivonis de Veer; and a rood of land of Augustin Peverill ; and Id. rental, received for 9 bovates 
of land, of Simon de Lunde. 7 E. H. Catharine, relict of Simon le Constable, releases to Robert, son of Simon 
le Constable, all she has in Sproatley." A petition, dated 8 E. IL addressed to the king and his council, will 
be found in the rolls of parliament, which sets forth, that Simon Constable, father of Robert the petitioner, 
lately purchased of Sir Simon de Veer, for a fine levied in the court of king Henry, grandfather of the then 
king, -52 acres of wood, and 2 acres of wood, S;c. in Sproatley, which dame, Ada de Veer held in dower, &c. ; 
and that the tenements were surrendered to the father of the then king. She being dead, the wood and meadow, 



Penes Lord Dunbar; another copy of this extract calls the seal three cinquefoils. '' Cart. 18.5, 19. 

Turr. 259, 2G0, de Hold. Inq. 09. J Hold. Inq. p. I, 28, Turr. 322, 323. ' Cart. 193, 29, 30, Sec 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 275 

by right, &c. ought to revert to the said Robert, as son and heir, &c. The answer to the petition desires 
enquiry tc be made, and justice done. 9 E. II. The Countess of Cornwall is relumed as holding the manor of 
Sproatley in the Norn. Vill. In the 15th and 16th E. II. there is another petition, in French, to the king and 
his council, by Robt. Gilt, of Sproatley, setting forth, that Richard Oysel, former bailitf of Holderness, was 
appointed to let the wastes of king Edward, father of the then king. And that he let to Hugh Gilt, father of 
the said Roger, whose heir he is, 5 oxgangs of waste lands, with their appurts. in Sproatley, paying to the 
exchequer for (hem lOd. for each oxgang. That the said Hugh never had seizin, but of four, for the term of 
his life, although he was charged for the whole; and since his death, the said Roger is still charged rent for 
the 5. He therefore prays, &c. The answer is, that the emollraent of the letting in the exchequer be referred 
to, and if the petition be true, to do justice, 5<c. 

A n're Seigu'r le Roi St a son conseil monstre Rog" Gilt de Sprotele, q' come Richard Oysel jadis baillif de 
Holdernesse fuit assigne p' comission de arenter les wastes le Roi Edward Pier n're Seign'r le Roi q' ore est en 
Holdernesse areata a Hugh Gilt Pier le avandit Rog' q'i hyer et a ses heyrs cynk boves de t're waste ou les 
appurtenances en Sprotele rendaunt p' an a I'Escheker p' les maynes le baillif de Holdernesse cynquant souz 
c' est a savoir pur chescune bove dis souz ; laquel arenteme't est enroule en I'Escheker, meismes cesti Hugh unq's 
ne fust seisi, ne seisin poait avoir du baillif fors q' de quater boves mes tote sa vie fust charge de la rente entier 
pur cynk boves & puis sa mort le avauntdit Rog' come heyr let dit Hugh, ad este charge & uncore est de la 
rente pur cynk boves & n' est seisi fors q'e de quarter. Par quai il pri a n're Seign'r le Roi & a son Conseil 
q' il puisse avoir seisine de la quinte bove laquel Wauter le Feure de Sprotele tient ou q' il soit descharge de 
dis souze de Rente q' il rende p' an' pur ceste bove. 

Responsio— Mandetur Thes' &. Baron' de Sc'cio q'd viso Irrotulamento arreutacois &; inquista sup' coten'tis 
in Petic'oe si uecesse fuerit vi'tate fac Justitiani, Sec." 

12 E. III. The king grants to Wm. de la Pole the manor and vill. of Sproatley, for ten years, which are 
members of, and belong to the king's manor of Burstwiok.'' 23 E. III. Roger Gilt, of Sproatley, held a mess. 
2 tofts, and three parcels of waste, and 8 bovates of a certain culture called the Milndale, and 62 acres of land, 
and a rood of meadow, with its appurts. here, of the king in capite per fealty, paying to the king, by the hands 
of the king's bailiff of Holderness, £6. 12s. 3|d. at Easter and Michaelraas."^ There is a writ, dated the same 
year, directed to Peter de Grymsby, the king's escheator, to take security for the same, &C.'' 8 Richard II. 
Wm. Kenne, of Sproatley, s. and h. of John Kenne, granted to John de Sprotele 1 toft, and a mediety of one 
croft, with its appurts. in Sprotele."" 14 R. II. Robert Gousell grants to John, his eldest son, his capital 
messuage in Sproatley, with its appurtenances, and all others, which he had from the grant of Robt. Gilt, in 
Sproatley ; a mill, and the reversion of a cott. occupied by Mariora Cute for life. Witnessed by Sir Jno. 
Swinecourt, rector of Sproatley, Thos. Gousle, Thos. de Sutton; dated at Sproatley, 12th Jan. 14 R. II. 
Seal, party per bend sinister, charged with 6 papilios.f 11 H. VII. Ralph Constable, of Burton Constable, 
Esq. gave to six trustees, in fee, all his lands in Sproatley. "=' 33 PI. VIII. Wm. Leveninge held of the king 1 
mess. 1 close, 3 bovs. of land here, of the king as of his manor of Burstwick, by knt. service." 6 E. VI. 
Henry Rookeby held 1 tenement here of the king, as of his manor of Burstwick, by military service. 4 and 
5 Ph. and Mary. Johan, Frances, Millicent, Dorothy, Bridget, Barbara, Mary, and Ann, daughters and co- 
heirs of Sir Ralph Bulmer, knt. and Ann, his wife, daughter and co-heir of Sir Thomas Tempest, knt. held 
the third part of the manor of Sproatley (inter alia) of the Earl of Westmoreland, by knt. service.' The same 
one- third part of this manor seems to have been held in the reign of Eliz. by Ralph Bulmer, as of Henry. 

" Rot. Pari. vol. 1, 39.5. " Ridley, 1, 88, 89. "^Mid. Bail ■! Abb. Rot. Orig. p. 203. 

•^ Cart. 232, 60. ' Penes Lord Dunbar. ^ Cart. 4, 106, 2. ■■ Ridley, 4, 34, b. ' Ridley, 4, 32, 8. 



•276 SPROATLEY 

Earl of W— d. 20 Eliz. Wm. Ingleby, per his fealty, held 1 mess, in Sproatley, as of the manor of Burst- 
wick. 22 Eliz. Henry Constable, knt. s. and h. of Sir Jno. Constable, knt. by his own fealty held certain 
lands and tenements, in Sproatley, of the queen in capite." The manor of Sproatley, belonging to the family 
of de Xeer, or de Vere, again became part of the royal franchise, by the sale of it to Edward I. by Lord D'Arcy. 
The subsequent transactions of the several families of Gousle, Gilt, Bulmer, Constable, &c. as holders of parts 
or portions of the manor and lands, bring the narration to the period when it passed to the Earl of West 
moreland, p. 90. 

The township was enclosed by an act of parliament in the year 1763. About one-half 
of it is the property of the lord, and in consequence thereof became freehold. The fol- 
lowing was the copyhold rental at Michaelmas, 1 768 : — 

£. s. d. £■ s. d. 

Mr. John Bell, two cottages; one Allotment, 16a. 2r. 23p. C. B. 11 5 

cottage ; round close ; Barney Mr. Thos. Binnington ; house and 

Garth; anallott. of 44a. 2r. 4p. C. F. 1 9 2 garth; allotment, 7a. 1r. 18p.. . C. F. 5 2 

Mr. Marmdk. Brown, 4— parcel of Thos. Johnson, for a house . . C F. 2 

an allotment of 19a. 2r. .. C. F. 2 6 Jas. Bird, for a house .. . . C. F. I 
Mr. Thos. Brown, 1.5a. 2 R. remain. Wm. Constable, Esq 9 16 

ing of that allotment . . . . C. B. 9 ^~ ~ ~ 

House and garth . . . 10 

Annually at Christmas were paid to the lord, out of the copyhold estates in the township, a certain number 
of hens, usually called Laic hens, or Lake hens ; viz. Mr. John Bell 6, Mr. Marmdk. Brown 6, Mr. Bin- 
nington 1. The tenants of Wm. Constable, Esq. before the enclosure, paid seventeen Laic hens for his lands, 
which had been copyhold ; but upon the inclosure, it was thought needless to continue this 
Mr. Constable's own estate. 

State of the freehold and copyhold property at the time, 1768. 

Freehold. Copyhold io Bondage. Copyhold Free. 

Course of Graving. .Wm. Constable, Esq. .. 58J .. — 

..Geo. Groundrell, rector .. 9 .. — 

. .Eliz. Nichs. and Jas. Dealtry. 13 .. — 

..Sir Jno. Ingleby, hart. as,. 11 .. — 

trustee for Ripley school 

. .Jas Wilkinson. .. 8 .. — 

1763 ..John Bell .. 7i .. — 

1764 . .Marmaduke Brown .. 4^ .. 1 

1765 ..John Bennington, John Bell.. 21 .. — 

114 1 4 119 oxgs. 

TuE Church. — According to Torre, in his Archdeaconry of the East-Riding, the 

church of St. Swithin's was given by Ralf de Gosla and Walter de Ver, son of Adam de 

Sprotcle.'' The following evidences, principally taken from the Bridlington Register, 

so often quoted, will elucidate and confirm this statement. 

" Ridley, 4, 8.5. ^ Torre's E. R. p. 1621. 



lue this 


pay 


ment out of 


tiold Free. 




Total. 

581 
9 
13 
11 

8 


1 




10 

6i 


^ ■ 




3 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



277 



Albert le Constable and Peter le Bek attest a charter of confirmation, made by Wm. le Gross, of the church 
of Sproatley, given to the priory of Bridlington by Ralph de Goxa and Ernesius, his brother," H. II. grants a 
confirmation of the gift of the church of Sproatley, by Ralph de Gosla.'' Ralph, son of Ernesius de Gousle, 
gave two tofts here, one that was Herbert's, and another near the east of the church, in exchange for one that 
belonged to the church, and which the monks gave him, " ad deletandum cartara meam ;" tested by Wm. de 
Sywardby, John, the clerk, Gerard de Hedon, Symon of Sywardby. Walter de Ver, for the health of his own 
soul, and that of his father and mother and all his ancestors, gave to the convent an oxgang of land, which 
Alex. Whitmar sometimes held of Walter, with a toft, &c. The treasurer of York, (recognitum fuit) that 
Ralph, brother of Ernisius, gave two oxgangs here to the sachrist, to buy incense for the great altar, before 
Ralph and his brother Ernisius had given the church to the priory, Attested by John Talum, then dean, 
Stephen de Alost. John de Gousle, Rd. de Cattynwick, and others. Walter de Vet, son of Adam de Sprotele, 
confirms the above grant, with the two tofts held by Walkeluin, the deacon ; attested by Wm. de Percy and 
Rd. his son, Richard de Sywardby, and Ernal his brother. Walter de Ver gave to the monks two tofts here, 
one held by Ernu, and another, west of it, both adjoining the capital mess, of the church to the south. Symon, 
son of Walter de Ver, confirms the grant of the church of St. Swithin's, and also of the two oxgangs given by 
Ralph, son of Ernisius de Gousle, for providing incense, with the two tofts which Walkeluin the dean held; 
and also the oxgang held by Alexander Witmar, with the toft which Hamo Hyel held, which the priory had 
of ihe gift of Symon's father, and besides two tofts in Sproatley street, Ernu sometime held, adjoining the cap. 
mess, of the churcli, to the south of the gift of Symon's father; attested by Peter de Fauconberg, Sayer de 
Sutton, Wm. St. Quintin, Ancelni his Brother, William, the constable of Burton, Andrcvvde Fauconberg, and 
others.'^ The net amount of the living is at present £230. 

LIST OF RECTORS. 



Instituted. 


Bectors. 


Patrons. 


T'acalfd by 


•2nd Nones May 


12.30 William de Taney, Clerk 


Prior and Convent de 
Bridlington 




4th Nones Sept. 


1310 John de Carnetby, Subdeacon 


the same 




7th Ides March 


1326; John de Northburgh, Clerk 


the same 




15th Cal. August 


1335, Robert de Lincoln, Priest 


the same 




8th August 


1318 Master Walter de Hampton, Chap. 
Robt. Swinecourt occurs in 1391 ; 
omitted in Torr's catalogue 


the same 




.5th July 


1396 William Linwood, Clerk 


the same 




oth October 


1415, Richard Ulverston, Priest 


the same 


Resignation 


8th June 


1417JRobertWymarks, Priest 


the same 


Death 


r2th November 


1421! John Osburn, Priest 


the same 


Resignation 


20th December 


1432 Robert de Marche, Priest 






8th March 


1445 


William Baxter 


The Archbp. by lapse 





' Brid. Reg. fo. 265. 
3 vol. pp. 232, 233. 



These last six grants and confirmations are from Burton's MS.S. 



Instituted. 


Incumbents. 


Patrons. 


racated by 






WUUam Sprotley, Priest 


Agnes, daughter of Robt. 
Constable 




■28th January 


1494 


WilUam Mashrother 


the same 




18th April 


1499 


The same person under a different 
presentation 


Prior and Convent of 
Bridlington 


Death 


5th June 


1501 


Master Wm. Rookeby, D.D. 


the same 


Resignation 


14th February 


15021 Master John Mylde, Priest 


the same 


Death 


27th April 


1528! Master John Brandesby, S.T.B. 


Assigns of the Prior and 


Resignation 








Convent 




7th November 


1534 


Thomas Martyngale, Chaplain 


Wm. Clifton, by grant 
from the late Prior and 
Convent 


Death 


15th November 


1540 


Nicholas Iloggard, Chaplain 


the same 


the same 


Cth April 


1548' Richard Sympson, Clerk 


Edward VI. 


the same 


loth December 


1570, Thomas Edwards, Clerk 


Sir John Constable, knt. 


Resignation 


24th April 


1572 John More, Clerk 


the same 


Death 


25th September 


1607 


William Humphrey, Clerk 


Sir Henry Constable, kt. 


the same 


13th December 


1620 


William Burnsell, MA. 


The same, then Lord 
Dunbar 








George Bewe, Chaplain to the 


The assignees of Lord 


the same 






Lord Scroope 


Dunbar 




27th January 


1080 


Benjamin Hardy, M.A. 


Vincent Grantham, of 
Golthy, Com. Line. 
Esq. assignee to Lord 
Dunbar 




13th October 


1714 


John Moorbouse 


Ralph Rand, of Skirlaw, 
gent. 


the same 


20th June 


1740 George Goundrill 


Geo. Earl of Cardigan 


the same 


21st August 


17CG Edward Plumpton, M.A. 


the same 


the same 


29th April 


1773 


Samuel Deilby, M.A. 


the same, now Duke of 
Montague 


Resignation 




1775 


Marmaduke Lawson, M.A. 


the same 


the same 


28th April 


1806 


Charles Wapshare 


Earl of Cardigan, and J. 
Hugall, Esq. who has 
the next presentation 


Present Incumbent 



TESTAMENTAnT BuRiALS. — 8th March, 1500, Wm. Mashrother, rector of Sproatley, in the quire. 28th 
June, 1570, w p. 5th October, Richard Sympson, rector, in the chancel. 2nd August, 1007, w. p. 19th June, 
John More, of Sproatley, in the quire. 

The Fabric, dedicated to All Saints, is a plain, neat, modern building, erected in 
1820, on the site of a small ancient church, much decayed. It consists of a nave, chancel, 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



279 



and tower, at the west end, of white brick, and the roof slated. The nave has three 
(iircular-headed sash windows. Four buttresses on each side, with two set ofFs. The 
chancel has three similar windows, and an angle buttress at each corner. The tower is 
of three stages, and angle buttresses terminating at the second stage. A window in the 
lower stage of the west face, and one also in each face of the upper or belfry story, all 
circular-headed and sashed. The tower finishes with a plain parapet and pinnacles. A 
small out-building on each side the tower, at the west end, serves as an entrance porch 
or lobby, with a circular-headed door. Each window has a dripstone. The circular 
headed sash windows being placed between the buttresses are incongruous. The interior 
is very neat ; a large gallery occupies the whole of the west end," under which is a small 
modern font. The nave pewed and paved. The arch to the chancel circular-headed, and 
quite plain. A handsome pulpit and reading desk are placed under it. The roof ceiled 
and panneled. The chancel has a neat communion table and railing. The church will 
contain 270 persons. An organ has been purchased by subscription, and is about to be 
erected in the gallery. 

Monumental Inscriptions. — A floor stone in chancel— Rev. Edw. Plumtree, rector of Sproatley, d. IGth 
Feb. 1773, cet. 43. Ann, his wife, daughter of R. Brigham, of Brigham, Esq. d. 1st June, 1800, jet. 70. A 
fragment of an old stone, with part of a legend in old characters. In nave — Thos^ Dickinson, d. July 9, 
1825, aet. 38. Two table, and several head stones in churchyard, which is separated by fences from the fields 
and road, except on the east side, on which the rectory abuts. It is a comfortable modern erection, with some 
fine old trees in the gardens. 

The only memorials of the old church, are an inscription — Here lieth the body of Mr. Robert Eerier, of 
Sproatley, bachelor, who departed this life, in the faith of Christ, the 27th of Dec. Anno D'ni, 1G62 ; and a 
Latin one, to Geo. Cave, of Sproatley, Esq. d. 14th August, 1696, set. 59 years 3 months. 

Two ancient stones were found two feet below the surface, in digging the foundations of the new church 
upon the site of the old one. One was broken in pieces; the other had cut on it an inscription, — on a crosier. 







'^ Under the gallery is inscribed, " This church was re-built a.d. 1820 ; Rev. C. Wapshare, rector; Henry 
Blashill, Thos. Dickinson, churchwardens." The church was re-built and enlarged, by which 100 additional 
sittings were obtained ; viz. the gallery, and two pews next the two doors, which are hereby declared free ana 
unappropriated for ever, in consequence of a grant from the Society for Promoting the Enlargement and 
Building of Churches and Chapels. 



ORO SPROATLEY. 

or pastoral staff, a hand in the act of taking the consecrated wafer from a patee, and a chalice,—" Ici gist Walter 
Chapelain St. Kayingham, prie i ptr Lame.''— f See cut.) 

CiiAniTiEs.— A dole, or antient payment of £1. per annum for the poor, issuing out of a farm at Lelley. 
distributed by the churchwardens to proper objects. Bridget Briggs, wife of Matthew Briggs, of Sheffield, by 
will, dated 5th Jan. 1733, gave to her sister, Ann Lyon, for life, her two undivided third parts of all her rights 
and interests in messuages, farms, &c. situated at or near High Storrs, Swinden, Wigtwisle, and FuUwood, 
within the parishes of Sheffield, Peniston, or Fcclesfield, in the county of York, to and for a perpetual charity 
to the town and parish of Sproalley. This charity took effect in 1742. In addition to the income received 
from this charity, there is also received the sum of £9. per ann. being the interest of £180. arising under a 
benefaction of Jno. Raines, Esq. ; who, by his will, dated 18th Dec. 1805, gave to the rector, churchwardens, 
and overseers of the poor of the parish of Sproatley, described as trustees of Bigg's Charity School, £200., 
which he desired might be applied to carrying on, and promoting the charitable designs of the said foundation. 
The school thus established ijas a master appointed by the vicar of Hull, and the churchwardens and overseers 
of the poor of Sproatley, and his appointment ratified by the vicar of Sproatley ; the schoolmistress is appointed 
by the same persons. The number of children, educated as free scholars, is 16 boys and 15 girls. The mas- 
ter occupies a part of a school-house, and receives a stipend of £28. per annum under the original charity, 
with an addition of £5. per ann. under Mr. Raines's gift. The mistress occupies the other part of the school- 
house, and receives from the same sources the stipends of £20. aud £4. a year. When applications are made 
for the purpose, children brought up at the school are put out as apprentices, or are assisted on going out to 
service, with an allowance of money for cloathing. The will of Mrs. Briggs recites, that in case the church- 
wardens and overseers of the poor of Sproatley shall neglect their said yearly accounts, and within three 
months after the end of each or any year, to get the same signed and allowed for, in such case, and from the 
time of any such neglect, she wholly and expressly revokes the said charity." 

Elizabeth Berier left, in 1686, a close of land in Filling, which consists of an acre of arable or thereabouts; 
and a half close near the former, of about half an acre. It lets for about two guineas ; distributed among poor 
persons half yearly, preference being shewn to widows and aged persons. 

Another of those instances of the depopulation of villages, supposed to arise from converting tillage into 
pasture, occurs in this place ; the date supposed to be that of Henry VII. and VIII. 

Sunt in Sprotley in Estr' in Com' p'd' div's mes' in de casu ac div's terr' ibid'm de ex' cultura' in pastur' 
conv's sunt ob quod viij p'sone ibid'm decan'ut'. 

Sed dicunt q'd Decasu & conv'sio ill' fact' fuerunt anted'cm quartum annu' d'cinup' R' & cit' annu' p'imu' 
ejusd'm nup' R' ^c."" 

The property, in 1780, was thus divided:- Mr. Constable, 593 acres; Mr. Raines, 172; Mr. John Bell, 
167 ; Free School, Ripley, 158 ; Thos. Binnington, 33; Mr. Lawson, rector, glebe, 77; Mr. M. Brown, 51 ; 
Mr. Jno. Buckton, 40 ; Matthew Witham, 8 ; in the whole there were 1348 acres. 

Some thousand trees were planted here by Mr. Raines. In 1806, this gentleman directed his property here 
to be sold. Mr. Jno. Garlick purchased it, and afterwards disposed of it to Mr. Stocks, the present proprietor. 
The principal proprietors are, Sir T. A. C. Constable, Saral. Stocks, Esq. and Mr. Thos. Galland. 

The village is pleasantly situated on an eminence, and is immediately contiguous to the park of Sir Clifford 
Constable, and is the resort of many whom business or pleasure take to Burton Constable.' There is a 
Wesleyan meeting-house in the place. 

' A full account of these charities may be found vol. 9, 777-8-9, Ch. Com. Reps. 

'' Lansdown MS.S. No. 1, fo. 55. "^ It is a matter of surprise to many, that a good inn has not been 

long since erected here. 



WAGHEN, 



INCLUDING THE ABBEY OF MEAUX. 




•\GIIEN, OR WAWNE.— Wagene is relurned 
in Domesday as a soke, belonging to Aldenburg, 
of seven carucates ; and Melse (Meaux), of two 
cirucates. In the berewicks enumerated as be- 
longing to the abp. of York, this place is returned 
as having two carucates of land, and two oxgangs, 
to be taxed. Land to one plough. Eleven vil- 
lanes and two bordars have there three ploughs. 
Waghen, signifying a high-way. It 
IS only in the documentary evidences of 
the Abbey of Meaux, that any authentic 
information, relative to the early history 
of thib palish, can be obtained aftei the Domesdaj Survey. 

Stephen, Earl of Albemarle, gave, in the time of Henry I. the church and tenths of Waghen to the church 
of St. Martin, near Albemarle, in Normandy.^ Wm. le Gross, his son, granted to the abbey of Meaux his 
own patrimony, and what he held of the abp. of York in this place ; and the service of Peter de Waghen, his 
knt. his tenements, &c. ; and also the church of the said town.'' King Stephen, confirming the foundation of 
Meaux, saith, — Et totam Wagham, scilicet, tam partem illam qua3 est in patrimonio suo, quam illam partem 
quam tenet de Archiepiscopo et passagium et ecclesiara praedictae villas et hanc praedictara terram, — viz. 1'2 
carucates, 2 in Meaux, and 10 in Waghen.'^ The grant of the passage of the river Hull at Waghen, with the 
2 carucates, which was confirmed by the chapter, was again resumed by that prelate, but was recovered to the 
abbey in the time of Alexander the 4th abbat i^ By an inquisition held at Beverley, 1227, 12 H. HL it was 
found, that the abbat of Meaux had these two carucates of land, containing 22 oxgangs,— only there wants, say 
the jurors, 4 acres and 3 stangs,— and the passage of the Hull, as belonging to the two carucates of the arch- 
bishop's fee. About 1160, Robert, son of Sir John de Meaux. who owned Melsa, gave the abbey au oxgang 
and 6 perches in Waghen. Rayner de Sutton gave another bovate here, which he, as well as Robert de Meaux, 
held ot Sir Peter de Waghen, knt. and which he held of the abbey by knight service. This Sir Peter de 
Waghen gave all his land here to the abbey, in exchange for de la Lund ; and gave them leave to make a 
ditch in the marsh of Waghen to the river Hull, for releasing him from foreign service for two tofts belonging 
to two oxgangs.'' About 11 99, Osbert, son of Peter de Waghen the elder, gave the abbey an oxgang, and with 
it a toft, Mansuram & hominum cum liber" tenementum, &:c. a sellion and two cultures, and a water, then 
(1199) called Thornfleet.' In 1235, a great dispute (Lis grandis) arose between the abbat of Meaux and the 
provost of Beverley, relative to Wm. de Waghen (Nativus) ; at length an agreement was come to between the 
parties, the provost had the Nativus, and gave to the abbey two marks.^ 1236, Peter, son of Osbert de Waghen, 



Dodswortb, 588, a. 10. 



*' Meaux Chart. 
Ibid. 'Ibid. 



" Cart. 97, 42, 43. '' Meaux Chart, cap. 

s Mid, Bail. Cart, finera 14. 



282 WAGHEN, OR WAWNE 

being childless, became a novice; and having divided his patrimony with his two sisters, Elene and Ivetta, 
gave them six oxgangs here, and the abbey the remainder. Peter, son of Thomas Lamyn, by Ivetta his wife, 
sister of the said Peter, gave the abbey, with his body, 2 oxgangs here. Eeginald de Ulrom, burgess of 
Beverley, gave the abbey ' * * and 20 * * * which was given to him by the said Peter de Waghen, before he 
divided his patrimony. Richard, son of Hugh Halsham, by Mariora his wife, aunt of the above Peter de 
Waghen, gave the abbey a croft, with a pasture for 5 cattle, which Osbert de Waghen had given in marriage 
with the said Mariora his sister. Andrew de Rousley, and Elen his wife, daughter of Osbert de Waghen, con- 
firmed the grant, and added 3^ acres of land. Geoffry de Waghen, their son, before the exchange, gave li 
acres here, and confirmed the gift of his ancestors ; and all the dykes and doughs the abbey had divided in the 
interim, in the marsh of Left Key here, between the abbey and the free tenants in Waghen to Fosdyke." In 
the time of William, 9th abbat of Meaux, Caput 1st, it is stated, that a dispute arose between the archbishop 
of York and Adam Stavely, free tenant in Wele, on the one part ; the earl of Albemarle, the abbat of Meaux, 
the prioress of Keeling, and Robert Camyn, of the other part, — " liberes tenentes,'' — concerning the common 
pasture of the marsh between Waghen, Meaux, and Wele ; when it was settled, that the archbp. and Adam 
were to have four score acres, and ten measures of the marsh of Waghen, called the Staneker, belonging to the 
abbey, but who now quit claimed it ; and all the remainder of the marsh of Staneker, towards the south, were 
to remain to the party who were joined with the abbey, for ever. So that the archbp. and Adam Stavely, or 
their heirs and successors, should challenge no right or claim to the aforesaid marsh of Staneker, or the com- 
mon of the said marsh, for ever.'' In 1292, a charter of free warren was granted to Meaux Abbey, in Waghen 
and fishus. In 1293, the king gave I Mansuram, 4 bovates, and 16 acres of pasture in Waghen, in part 
exchange for Wyke, and Myton with Meaux. 9 E. II. the abbat of Meaux is returned in the Nomina Vil- 
larum as lord of Waghen. This place so continued in the hands of the abbey until the dissolution. 

There are two manors in Waghen, — one of the town, belonging to Joseph Sinyth 
Windham, Esq., the other is the manor of the rectory. The manor of Waghen is a court 
leet, and has latterly been held only at intervals ; but manorial rights are exercised. 
The manor of the rectory is also a court leet, but no manorial rights are exercised, nor 
has a court been held within the last century. 

The manor of the town was granted to the monks of Melsa by charter, 22 E. I. 1294, under the words 
" totam Waghenam cum dominio. Sec." The general ecclesiastical survey, 20 H. VIII. speaks of " Scitum 
manerii cum omnibus lerris dominicis. Sec." The rental of demesne lands, 31 H. VIII. describes lands within 
this manor.' A grant was made, 9th Sept. 1629, by the king, to trustees, for the corporation of the city of 
London, who lent large sums to the crown of " totum illud Dominium sive Manerium nostrum de Wnghen 
in Com. Ebor, S;c." In this grant, the manor is stated to be of the clear yearly value, according to the par- 
ticulars thereof (not now to be found), of £110. 12d. and was therein mentioned to have been part of the 
possessions of the dissolved monastery of Melsa. A survey taken in March and April, 1650, by a commission, 
under an act of common council of the city of London, mentions lands within the manor to the extent of 

a Meaux Chart. » Ibid. '' Vide also accounts of the bailiffs, particularly of Launcelot Alford and 
Edmund Piper ; particulars of a grant lo he made to John, Earl of Warwick, 3 E. VI. ; a grant, 38 Eliz. 
109G, to Launcelot Alford. and two others, for lives ; all of which mention lands within this manor. A most 
minute survey of the manor of Waghen was taken by Aaron Bathbone, under a commission out of the 
exchequer, dated 1 1th July, 6 James I. 1608. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 233 

1538a. 3h. 9p., and oppressed with water about 1800 acres, together, about 3338 acres. Sir Joseph Ashe 
bought the manor, &c. of the city of London, including all the lands belonging thereto, with the exception of 
some small parcels in other hands ; and which had been granted out by the crown previously to the grant of 
the city of London, and of which he afterwards purchased the greater part. The conveyance to Sir Joseph 
thereof, is dated 20th Aug. 1651. From Sir Joseph Ashe, the manor, &c. came to the Windhams. (Indenture, 
19th Jan. 1733, made between Joseph Windham, Esq. and Martha his wife, on the 1st part, Thomas Mawson, 
2nd part, and John Windham, Esq. 3rd part.) In Aug. 1776, John Windham Bower, Esq. was the owner of 
the manor, &c. ; and afterwards purchased lands within the manor, of John Charles Crowle. Esq. which had 
been formerly granted to Launcelot Alford as part of the possessions of the abbey of Melsa. The present 
owner, as before stated, is Joseph Smyth Windham, Esq." 

The Church, according to Dodsworth, was given by Stephen, Earl of Albemarle, to St. Martin's, in Nor- 
mandy,'' but afterwards given to Meaux by his son, Wm. le Gross; and confirmed, as already quoted, in the 
charter of King Stephen. There appear to have been several lengthened disputes between the archbishops of 
York and the abbey of Meau.Y, relative to the right of tithes in this place. In the time of Thomas, the 3rd 
abbat, a suit was instituted before the delegates of the apostolic see, as to the exaction of tithes from the abbey, 
when, for the sake of peace, it was decided that, the abbey was to pay yearly to the church of Waghen, 205 of 
wax, and that the convent should be free and wholly acquitted from the payment of tythes. In the time of 
Alexander, the 4th abbat, this composition seems to have been made void- The abbat of St. Martin, of 
Auxerre, near Albemarle, claimed some right in the said church, when license was obtained from him that the 
abbey of Meaux might possess for ever the said church of Waghen, with the chapel of Sutton, with all its 
appurts. after the decease of llie rector then there being, rendering yearly to the monks of St. Martin of Auxerre 
10 marks, &c. and performing episcopal services ; but many obstacles intervening, says the chronicler, it was 
not accomplished.'^ These disputes were ultimately carried to Rome, but an arrangement seems to have been 
effected, and a composition agreed to, that the monks of Meaux should be for ever quit from the payment 
of all tythe ; and that they should pay to the chancellor of York, and his successors, in the name of the church 
of Waghen, 45s. yearly, &c. But, strange to say, this did not end the litigation, it being afterwards rene>ved.d 
It will not be necessary further to allude to these controversies in this place, but to give the account of the 
church as contained in Torre's Peculiars, p. 495.° 

" An act of parliament, 7 Geo. IV. 1826, to confirm an award made for ascertaining the glebe lands of the 
rectory appropriate of Waghen, tiud for dividing the same from the fee simple estates of the late Joseph 
Windham, Esq. situate in the parish of Waghen aforesaid, affords the means of ascertaining through what 
members of the Ashe family the manor of Waghen, as well as the lease of the glebe lands, descended. 

The famous Waghen tithe cause, Markham v. Smith, bart. and others,— in which Charles Frost, Esq. solicitor, 
Hull, from his acute and indefatigable researches, produced such a mass of documentary evidences, — will be 
found in Price's Reports, vol. 11, p. 126, and affords much interesting information relative to this parish. 

'^ Dods. 558. a 10. " Abbat Thomas, Meaux Chart. <* Alexander, 4 abbat, caput 2 & 14 Meaux Chart. 

« These disputes are to be accounted for only on the supposition, that the unsettled state of the monastery 
permitted these litigations. The Lateran Council, 1215, had relieved the monks of the Cistertian Order from 
the payment of tythes ; and the various charters of privileges, and the bulls of the pope, reiterate thac the 
monks of the monastery of Melsa, should not pay tythes for their labours to any one, and ratifying their com- 
positions concerning tythes, upon their monastery being founded. In the British Museum, Vitellus c. VI. fo. 
218, Cotton MS.S. is a curious document, entitled " Antiqua Mensuracis terrarum ad Monasterium de Melsa, 
pertinencium in Waghen," but much too long for insertion here. 



284 WAGHEN, OR WAWNE. 

Calends May 1229, Walter Grey, abp. granted to the monks of Meaux Abbey, 22 oxgangs of land here in 
Wawne in Frank Almoine, rendering to him and to his successors, at his manor of Beverley, 100s. per annum, 
at Pentecost and St. Martin in winter, in equal portions. The church of Waghen belonged to the patronage of 
the abbat and convent in Normandy, till the ides Nov. 1230, when they submitted their churches to the 
ordination of Walter Grey, abp. of York, and he, by the consent of his dean and chapter, annexed this church 
with its chapels, and all other its appurts. to the chancellorship of his cathedral church. So the chancellor 
has ever since been rector of the church of Waghen, having his rectory there, and jurisdiction of the same 
church, and over the inhabitants of 7 tenements and 9 oxgangs of land ; all which he has under the name of the 
parish church of Waghen, the mansion or manor there, together with the herbage thereto belonging, and 
divers mess, and lands. In 1257 a composition was made, namely, that the monastery of Meaux should be 
free from the payment of tythes for those 12 oxgangs of land which they had in the parish of Waghen, paying 
to the chancellor of York and his successors in the name of the church of Waghen, JSs. per. annum, at Martin- 
mas and Pentecost. Also, in October, 1273, another composition was made with the Priory of Bridlington, 
which freed them from payment of tythe, wool, and lamb for 3 oxgangs of land in Waghen, paying 24s. per 
ann. 12 July, 1-154, the chapter of York confirmed a certain law or decree upon a concord made between the 
parishioners of Wawne and Sutton, and about the manner or form of sepulture of the parishioners of the said 
church of the parish of TFaanc, within the towns of Sutton, Lopholme, Stonefcrry, and the portion of 
Dripole, deceasing ; and also touching their annual oblations made to the parish church of Wawne, which 
was then decreed and arbitrated, viz. that the master or custos of the church or chapel of Sutton, and his 
fellow chaplains thereof, and their successors, shall pay or cause to be paid yearly to the rector of the parish 
church of Waghen, and his successors for ever, 3s. 4d. on the feast of Mich, and the annunciation of our 
Lady ; and also to the perpetual vicar of the parish church of Waghen, and his successor, 20s. per ann. on the 
said feasts, for indemnity of the said church of Waghen, and of his vicarage, (by reason, cause, and pretext,) 
that the said inhabitants of the villages or hamlets of Sutlon, Lopholme, Stoneferry, and of the parcel of 
Drypool, (parishioners of Waghen) might have their free sepulture within the church or chapel of Sutton, or 
the churchyard thereof, at their elections, without any ultimum val. to be had in the said church of Waghen. 
Furthermore they willed and arbitrated that the said inhabitants of these before specified villages and hamlets, 
&c. do pay yearly 20s. to the inhabitants of the town of Waghen, besides all other payments and contributions 
to be made, and other burdens parochial, that they may be acknowledged parishioners of the said church of 
Waghen, and until the said inhabitants of these villages and hamlets do effectually find and exhibit one chaplain 
perpetually to celebrate in the same parish church of Waghen. Oblations. — Also they willed and arbitrated 
that the said inhabitants of Sutton, &c. do, over and above the other burdens to be borne, touching the repairs 
of the nave of the parish church of Waghen, pay into the hands of the parishioners £4, in part of the £6, towards 
the founding of the new bells thereof. N. B. those who wish to be further informed of this, may find in the 
dean and chapter's office, a great book of the case, with all its proceedings at large, which said book is entitled 
Waghen and Sutton, p. 1417. In 1241 the vicarage of the church of Waghen was thus ta.Ked, viz. that the 
vicar have assigned to him the mansion house on the west side of the church, in which the chaplain of the 
church used to inhabit, and have the whole altarage of the church of Waghen and chapel of Sutton, excepting 
to the rector and his successors, the tythes of hay, wool, and lamb of the said church and chapel; and the 
vicar shall bear all the burdens of the said church and chapel pertaining to the service thereof." 

2G July, 1538, 29 II. Vlll. Geoffry Downes, chancellor and rector of Waghen, demised unto E abbat 

of Meaux and the convent, his church and manor or mansion there, with the herbage belonging to it, and 

* 1, Ta. 35 p. 35. 2 Te. 51. i. c. Chapter Acts from 1343 to 13G2, a parchment bound book so entitled. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 



285 



divers mess, and lands, also for the term of 51 years, rendering per ann. £20. rent.^ Uth March, 1 1 Chas. I. 
Phineas Hodgson, D.D. chancellor, demised, &c. to Edward Payler, of Grey's Inn, Esq. for the term of three 
lives, all the parish church, rectory, and parsonage of Waghen, wherein the lands are particularly set forth and 
described, rendering £20. per ann. — {Torre's Peculiars.) 

Testamentary Burials.— 29th Nov.'HlO, John Wilflete, of Sutton, m. w. p. 10th Dec. 1410, his soul ut 
supra; body to be buried in St. Peter's church, Waghen. 10th June, 1420, John Poynton, vicar, m. w. 21 June, 
1420, in the quire, before the image of blessed Trinity. 12th Sept. 1429, John Peirson, of Sutton, m. w. p. 
22nd Sept. —29, before the image of St. Mary, in church. 20th March, 1444, Alicia Parsons, of Sutton, m. w. 
p. 8th Jan. 1447, in the church, by her husband John. 24 Aug. 14G2, Simon Mirflete, late vicar, m. w. p. 25th 
May, 1464, in the church. 20th March, 1504, Wm. Wilkinson, vicar, w. p. 24th Nov. 1505. Robt. Gedlyng, 
vicar, m. w. p. 8th Jan. in the church. 28th May, 1556, Thos. Brown, of Waghen, m. w. p. in the church. 



LIST OF INCUMBENTS. 



Instituted. 


Incumlents. 


Patrons. 


racated ly 


August 


1244 Dns. Richd. de Overton, Cap. 


Chan, ofthech.of York 




14th Cal. July 


1318 Dns.Richd. Beleby, Presb. 


the same 




14th April 


1346 Dns. Thos. de Rugford 


the same 




5th April 


1350 Dns Ws. de Scarfe de Skirrer, Cap. 


the same 


Resig. for Skipseaeccl. 




1 Dns.AVs. de Burton Leonard, Cap. 


the same 


the same 


28th April 


1352 


Dns. Stephen de Rosse 


the same 


the same 


20th August 


1373 


Dns. Ws. de Fandoner 


the same 


Resig. 


25th July 


1391 


Dns. John Percival, Cap. 


the same 


the same 


22rd December 


1391 


Dns. Robt. Mirflete, Deacon 


the same 


Resig. pro cap. de Sutton 


20th November 


1413 


Dns. John Poynton, Cap. ob. 


the same 


Mort. 


16th July 


1420 


Dns Ws. Reder, Cap. 


the same 


Resig. 


13lh December 


1420 


Dns. Rob. Tyas, Cap. 


the same 


the same pro Routh 


Uth July 


1431 


Dns. Simon Mirflete 


the same 


Mort. 


12th April 


1464 


Dns. Wm. Cooke, Cap. 


the same 


Resig. 


26th May 


1464 


Mr. John PiviU, S. T. B. 


the same 


the same 


11th August 


1464 


Dns. W. Hundesley, Presb. 


the same 


the same 


25th January 


1467 


Dns. John Tone, Cap. 


the same 


Mort. 


16th February 


1473 


Mr. Simon Baxtor, M,A. 


the same 


Resig. 


1st November 


1473 


Mr. Henry Carlysle, M.A. 


the same 


Mort. 


3rd November 


1474 


Dns. W. Hundesley 


the same 


Resig. pro vie. St. Nico- 
las, Beverley 


12th February 


1479 


Mr. Robt. Este, L.B. 


the same 


the same 



'^ Previously to this, the manor of the rectory, with the rectory and glebe lands, containing about 280 
acres, belonging to tlie chancellor of the cathedral church of York, were demised by Dr. Langton (then chan- 
cellor, under a lease, dated 1st March, 1488, and confirmed by the dean and chapter.) to theabbat and convent 
of Melsa, for 99 years, at the yearly rent of £20., which is not mentioned by Mr. Torre. Similar leases have 
been granted to the owners, for the time being, of the lands within the manor of this town. 



23G 



WAGHEN, OR WAWNE. 



Vacated hy 



23rd October 1480 Dqs. Thos. Tybert, Cap. 

24th May 1483 Dns. Ws. Wiikynson 

1505 1 Dns. Robt. Geldings, Cap. 

1505 Dns. Henry Knottor, Cap. 



Chan, of the ch. of York Mort. 



the same 
the same 
the same 
the same 
the same 
the same 
the same 
the same 
the same 
the same 



the same 
the same 
I the same 
Resis. 



Mort. 
the same 
Resig. 
Mort. 
the same 
the same 



Cession 
the same 



13th January 

22nd January 1517 Dns. Thos. Forne, Cap. 

27th April 1531 Dns. Henry Brewster, Presb. 

31st August 15G2 Dns. Thos. Thompson 

17th October 1610 Tho. Rushy, CI. 

8th August 1622 Stephen Dockrey, CI. 

Hit. December —23 John Wilson. CI. 

3rd October 16G5|Sym Sympson, CI. 

1 0th May 16791 Joseph Lambert 

1682 James Sherwood, CI. 18 Oct. 1682 the same 
6th November 1691 Simon 0.\nard 
10th March 1709 Josh. Lambert 

21st January 1726 T. Jackson, A.B. do. April, 1730 

12th April 1740 Steven Metcalf presented, but re- 

jected for ignorance iu divinity 
18th December 1740 Artliur Robinson, A.B. 
18lh September 1789 Geo. Thompson, B.A. 
19th November 1808 Jeremiah Bourn 
28th March 1818 1 Wm. Henry Xeale 

14th December 1827 Geo. Dixon, Jun. M.A. 

From the Parliamentary Surveys, the rectory or parsonage of Waghen, alias Waywyn is thus described : — 
The parsonage house consisteth of three lowe rooms, and three upper chambers ; with a bakehouse, and two 
large barnes, all in good repaire ; together with an orchard and foldyard, lying betwi.xt the farme called Bark- 
house Farme, on the south, and the lands of Thomas Ilewerdine on the north ; containing by estimation, S^c. 
£1. lis. 7d. One p'cell of meadowe ground, called Chauncellor's Dale, lieinge betwixt the ground of Jane 
Freeman on the south, and the ground of Henry Bell on the north, containing by estimation £6. One p'cell 
of pasture ground, called Kirkeman Charlane, lieinge betwixt ground, called Create Charlane, on the south, and 
ground called Cowrara on the north, containing by estimation £1. The tithes of corne and hay, woll and 
lamb, and parish of Waghen, alias Waywyn, with th'appurtenances, now in the occupacon of John Wilson, 
clerke, and Launcelot Rowley, are worth per ann. £116. Some totall of ye rectorie, £124. lis. 7d. 

Then follows the copy of the agreement made between Phineas Hodgson, doctor of divinity, chancellor of 
York, and parson of the parish church of Waghen, of the first part ; Kdward Payler, of Gray's Inn, Middle- 
sex, of the second part ; and John Wilson, of Waghen, cleik, and Richard Wilcocke, of Thorpe Audlyu, in 
the CO. of York, gent., on the third part, by indenture, bearing date Car. II. &c. ; by which the rectory is Jet 
for £20. per ann. for three lives, viz — to hold from the day of the date, for and during the hfe of Edward 
Payler, John Payler, son and heir-apparent of the said F.dward Payler, and of Geo. Payler, brother of the said 
Edward Payler ; and for and during the life of the longest liver. The tenants to pay, discharge, or save harm- 
less the chancellor and his successors from the payment of the yearly sum of 40s. for tenths, to the king, &c. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 287 

The tenants to repair the chancel of the parish church, and said mansion-house, barns, ox-houses, stables, and 
buildings. Confirmed by the dean and chapter, under their common seal, 4th March, 1635. 

The Vicaradge of Wagheti, alias Wayivyn. — The viccarage house consisteth of loure lowe rooms and two 
chambers, very much out of repaire, with a small back side, which, together with the Easter booke, and all 
small tythesof the towneand parrish of Wagben, alias Way wyn, wee estimate to be worth communib'z annis£12. 

The chauncellor hath the gift of presentation, — vicessimo Novembris 1649 ex p' nos Raphe Hassell, Robt. 
White, Richd. Cooxall. Ex p' Wm. Webb, surveyor gen' all, 1649. 

The Fabric, dedicated to St. Peter, consists of a nave, aisles, and chancel, with a 
tower at the west end of the north aisle, which gives the building a singular appearance. 
Exterior. — The tower is of three stages. There are double buttresses at the angle of 
the west face, with four set offs, finishing under the parapet. In the lower stage of the 
same face is a blocked-up early English window, with a corbel head above it ; this window 
has opened to the belfry of the interior. In the second stage is an aperture ; in the 
upper is a lofty pointed belfry window, of two lights, with a transom ; the lights cinque- 
foiled, and a quatrcfoil in the arch. In the north face is a square-headed window, in the 
lower course, of two lights, trefoiled ; in the second course, a clock ; in the upper, a 
belfry window, as above described ; and the same window repeated on the two remaining 
sides of the belfry. The tower finishes with a plain parapet, surmounted by a vane. The 
south aisle has angle buttresses, with three others of the common shape between them, all 
of two set offs, finishing under the cornice. Between them are three square-headed 
windows, each of two lights, cinquefoiled ; and a south door, with a pointed four-centred 
arch, with a dripstone terminating in heads. At the east end of the aisle is a square- 
headed window of three lights, cinquefoiled ; another, same shape, at the west end of the 
aisle, with two lights, cinquefoiled. The aisle finishes with a massive battlement The 
north aisle has an angle buttress at its west end, and two others ; there are two square- 
headed windows between, and another at the east end of the aisle, similar to those in the 
south, — and a pointed doorway, plain, with a modern brick porch. The aisle finishes with 
a battlement. On the south side the nave are three pointed clerestory windows, and two 
more on the north, each of two lights, cinquefoiled. The finish is a plain battlement, 
with a crocketted pinnacle at each corner, and a pinnacle cross on each end of the nave. 
At the west end of the nave is a large beautiful pointed perpendicular window, having 
five lights, cinquefoiled ; the arch filled with rich tracery. Interior. — The nave is divided 
from the aisles by three low circular piers on the south side, and two on the north, with 
plain pointed arches. The west end of the north aisle is concealed under the tower ; 
but there has been a communication with this aisle and the nave by arches, now blocked 
up. The chancel arch is pointed and plain ; an old screen is under, with the royal arms, 
dated 1739, the Lord's Prayer, and Belief. The chancel is open to the roof. On the 
south side, a water drain and three sedillias ; also a square recess in the wall, and 

VOL. II. 2 Q 



288 WAGHEN, OR WAWNE. 

another of the same description, perhaps the antient aumbries ; the latter is furnished 
with a door. The Commandments on each side the east window ; the floor brick, and 
three floor stones. The pulpit is in the south-west corner of the nave ; the font, at the 
west end, granite, and octangular, with a blank quatrefoil in each face. The west end of 
the south aisle is partitioned off for a vestry ; in it is a large table monument, with a fine 
slab of black marble, but has no inscription on it. There are four bells and a clock. The 
church has recently undergone a thorough repair, and is newly pewed. Previously, there 
was a bell ringers' room opposite the vestry, in which was painted in black letter, on a 
pillar in the wall, — 

Ringers' Orders. — If any ring with hat or spurs on, shall forfeit sixpence ; if any ringer be wanting two 
peals, shall pay 6d. ; if swear in the church, shall pay one shilling ; if any walk in the church with hat on, 
shall pay one pen. On several of the beams, in the south aisle, are these names inscribed, — H TTD, Anno 
Dora. 1619 ; PETER, 1CI2 ; PERCEVE ; Peter Surdevell, Richard Forcet, William Dvn, Petrhe, 161, Browne, 
c. w. Thomas Rusbie, Charles Colinge. The former pewage was very antient ; two pews bore the inscription 
1.590 ; Lanclot Broane, c. 1621, c. 

On the three floorstones in chancel— Jane, wife of Robt. Richardson, of Meaux, d. Feb. 8, 1836, act. 55. 
Robt. Wise Richardson, d. March 10, 1836, set. 32. Eliz. wife of Wm. Scott, d. June 8, 1836, act. 31. 
Theodosia, wife of Wm. Richardson, d. .■^pril 1, 1831, aet. 70; also, Wm. Richardson. On a floorstone, 
under the large table monument— In mem. of Eleanor, dtr. of Rev. Jos. Lambert, late vicar of Waghen, and 
curate of Sutton, d. 31 March, 1711, a;t. 22; also Theo. Lambert, d. 25th May, 1749, set. 25. On a floor- 
stone in the nave— R. Walker, d. July 19, xt. SO, 1721 ; he left three sons, Thos. Saml. and Wra. 

The exterior of the building is whitewashed, built of stone, and repaired with brick. 
It is situated on rather elevated ground, at the eastern extremity of the village, but not 
an extensive prospect. 

The account of this church cannot be closed without the proceedings in chancery being quoted, in the reign 
ot Henry VI.» William Midylton v. John of Cotyngham. Defendant assaulted, and attempted to murder 
the playntiff in Waghen church, in Holderness ; and still lies in wait for him, so that he durst not abide in the 
country. 

To my g'ciouse Lorde of Wynchestre, the chauncellor of England — Compleines Willm. Midylton, of 
Waugh'n, in Holdernesse, in als Mykill, als John of Cottyngh"m, gentylman, of Wagh'n forsayde, with cer- 
teigne men of his wapynd and armed,— that es to say, John of Wagh"n, husbandman, Thomas Warde, hus- 
bandman, Robert of Bate, wryght, and John West, wryght, with thair force of ye same towne forsayde, — 
maliciously agayns ye king's pece, and rebelliously agayne ye gov'nours of ye devyne s'vyce of the kyrk of 
Wagh'n forsayde, in s'vyce time, open Seint Stephyn day ye last, in ye same kyrke, would have slayne me w"t 
ane polle ax ; and all ye pepyll and ye preste so affrayde at ye c'vacion tyme, clappyd and dume ye buke for 
fcrid. And I, for drede of my dede, habade still in ye same kyrke of Seint Pet' Fraunchiss' x hourez lange, 
and ye foresayde John of Cottyngh'm, John, Thom's, Robert, and John, w't thair force en armed and wapened, 
by gand styll in ane, awayte in ye kyng is way, and aboute ye same kyrke, to haf slayne roe if I had comyn 
out of ye kyrke, and no man durst him arcst to ye pece ; and yat same John of Cotyngh'm p'ferd openly to 
ye gwhylk of yam forsayde yat might haf lulled me, soulJe haf had xx noblis for my dede. Als it is opynley 

" C'al. Pro. in Chancery, vol. 1, Rcc. Comm. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. ^oy 

knawen to all yt towne and ye contreth, for ane word I spak in ye kyrke, " yat it wer better bell unrogne at 
ye saunt" tyme yan messe unsogne,'' and 1 nev' sen yat day hidirward de ye habyde in ye centre, for drede of 
my dede; for yat John of Cottynli'm, and his force forsayde in harmyng, and in costs of tne and myne xx''- 
and wharfore lyke it to yhour g'ciouse lordeschip, in saveyng of my lyfe and the King' pece, and ye state of 
yat kirke of Seint Pet' Fraunchesse and ray harnez, g' unte a writ sub pena for yis forsayde John of Cottyngh'm 
and his iiij felaughes in p'pir p'sonez to com' byfor yhourself, for ye luf of God and way of charite. — Pleg' de 
p's, Joh'es Waghen de Suggestan in Com' Ebor', Joh'es Ilakyns de London. 

The franchise, it seems, of Sir Peter of Waghen preserved the doughty Wm. Midylton within its precincts 
during the space of ten hours, from the poll-ax of John of Cottyngham. The drede of dede (the dread of 
death) obliged him to fly the country. Whether John and his four fellowes were summoned before the chan- 
cellor " in propir personez," agreeably to the above prayer for the luf of God, does not appear. It may be 
considered a fair specimen of the English language, among persons of Midylton's condition, at the period 
referred to. It should be recollected, that, after the Norman conquest, the nobility and gentry affected to con- 
verse in French ; even children at school construed their lessons in that language. The great pestilence, in 
1349, occasioned a great change in the national literature. Higden says, in his Polychronicon, from the time 
of '' the first moreyn," as Travisa his translator terms it, this " maner" was '' somdel i/ chaungide." A 
schoolmaster, of the name of Cornwall, was the first that introduced English into the instruction of his pupils, 
and his example was eagerly followed ; th.it by the year 1385, when Trevisa wrote, it was become nearly 
general. The pestilence carrying off many of the clergy, who were the chief instructors of youth, enabled 
Cornwall to effect this change. The reader will be enabled to judge of the improvement that followed by this 
letter of Midylton. The laws were either in Latin or French till the reign of Richard III. when the first 
English statute was enacted. 

Poor's Land. — The estate which passes under this description, consists of eight acres of freehold land in 
the parish of Cottingham, and was under the management of the overseers of the poor of the parish ; the 
whole rent was estimated, at the time of the report of the charity commissioners, at £15. or thereabouts, per 
annum ; which was applied, on account of the charity, in purchasing coals, distributed among poor widows, 
and other poor persons of the parish, in difi'erent quantities, according to their necessities. 

An ancient farm-house, called " Kenley," situated in the village, had some relics found 
near it, on taking down an old wall some twelve years ago, consisting of a silver crucifix, 
a hawk's bell, a dagger, and some other articles. The village is pleasantly situated, with 
a good deal of wood about it. The river Hull is seen stretching to the west, through the 
lowlands, as far as the Wolds. Beverley minster, and the town of Hull, are included in 
the prospect from the higher lands. There is still a ferry over the river. 

THE ABBEY OF MEAUX, OR MELSA. 

Among the various causes which contributed to the increase of religious houses in 
this kingdom, may be reckoned the liberty of commutation, a privilege granted by the 
Pope to those whose eagerness to engage in the crusades had led them to make vows to 
join the enterprize, dignified with the name of the Holy War, who, from subsequent causes, 
were either unable or unwilling to perform them. 

Wm. le Gross, Earl of Albemarle, had vowed to enlist himself in the expedition, and 
to proceed on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem ; but being of advanced years, and of a corpulent 

"2,q2 



290 WAGHEN, OB WAWNE 

habit, and perhaps alarmed at the dangers to which this act of piety had exposed him, he 
began to shew visible marks of concern. His state of mind, M'ith the occasion of it, did 
not escape the penetrating eye of an ecclesiastic, a man of some eminence and address. 
This person was Adam, a monk of Fountain's, celebrated for his knowledge in ecclesiastical 
architecture, and who had presided at the building of the abbey of Woburne, in Bedford- 
shire, and also of Kirkstcde ;" (as well as Vaudey, (see p. 25) in Lincolnshire, which was 
built by the Earl,) he offered his services on this occasion, and advised him, as a sure way 
to recover his peace of mind, to found a monastery of the Cistercian order, adding that he 
himself would obtain from the Pope an absolution from his vow. Eugenius the 3rd was 
at that time in France, to whom the monk immediately repaired ; the fruit of his embassy 
was, a dispensation from the pope. Dr. Whitaker, in his History of Craven, speaking of 
the character of the Cistercian monks, as compounded of real Christianity, superstition, and 
fanaticism, adduces, as an instance of their fanaticism, the following example, as a powerful 
engine brought to bear on the minds of an uncultivated age : — "Adam, a monk of Foun- 
tain's, was a man of great skill in the architecture of religious houses, of equal taste in 
chusing proper situations for them, and of no inferior address in obtaining those situations 
when chosen." Wm. le Gross being, as just stated, persuaded to found a monastery; 
Adam traversing the extensive estates of the family in order to pitch upon a proper site 
for the purpose ; this Broicn of the 12th century, was struck with the charms of the valley, 
embosomed in woods overhanging native pools, and surrounded by fertile fields. In the 
foreground of the landscape arose a gentle elevation, already denominated Mount St. 
Mary. A modern earth painter, who had been sent to fix the site of a nobleman's house, 
would have felt nothing but unholy rapture at the discovery of such a scene. The monk 
began to prophecy, fixing his staff deeply in the ground, he exclaimed, " This place shall be 
called the vineyard of heaven, and the gate of life. Have ye not heard, my brethren, what 
the prophet foretold concerning the building of the house of the Lord ? In the last days the 
mount of the Lord's house shall be prepared on the top of an hill. These words I have been 
revolving all day in my mind ; and now I find, by the special appointment of Providence, 
an house of the Lord is to be erected on the very spot.'"' But unfortunately this was a 
favourite retreat of the Earl, who had already began to enclose it for a pai'k, so that he 
presumed at first to demur to the monk's choice ; but Adam was inflexible, it would have 
been profane to dispute any longer the word of a prophet ; the land was therefore assigned, 
and the abbey of Meaux built on the spot. This example may serve to shew that the 
principle of dominion founded in grace, was common to the saints of the twelfth, as of the 
seventeenth century.' The exchange of Meaux for Bewick has been already alluded to, 

• Vide Dugdale's Baronage, vol. 1, p. 62. i' Vide Dugdales Baronage, vol. 1, p. 62; Mon. Angl. 

p. 793, a. n. 00. "^ Whitaker's Craven, in note. 



MIDDLE BAILIWICK. 291 

(see p. 20, vol. 2.) The Earl had so far proceeded with the park, as to have begun the 
ditch on the west side thereof, afterwards called park ditch. The exchange was confirmed 
by Henry 11." This perhaps may be termed the legendary account. The abbey was 
founded in 1 150, 84 years after the conquest. The account of the foundation is given in 
the Monasticon : its etymology, "ccpit initium hoc coenobium Mclsa Latine Meaux Gallice, 
sive Anglice a nostris patribus nuncupatum." The first deed of the founder specifies his 
grant of the place called Mclsa, with the wood of Ruda, (already referred to.) By a 
second instrument, he not only confirms these, but added all his lands in Waghen, and 
the whole pasture of Saltagh and Neulande. Hawise, Countess of Albemarle, his daughter, 
confirmed her father's grant. An instrument, given subsequent to these, explains how 
the founder became possessed of Melsa itself.'' 

Of the cause of (he name of the place, and of its separation from the adjoining lordship. 

Before this time, Gamellus Fitz Ketele, of Melsa, the grandfather or father of the said John de Melsa, with 
WiUiam Bastard, the king and conqueror, withdrawing from the aforesaid city of France, the place called 

•>■ Dug. Bar. v. I , p. 62. •> These will all be found in the new edition of the Monasticon. There is an 

account of a curious record in Le Neves collection, transferred from a MS. Book now remaining in the office 
of the treasury,— showing how many of the ledger books of religious houses in this county were disposed of. 
It is the copy of a warrant directed to Sir John Wortley, Bart., to Sir Wm. Alford, Knt , to Sir Wm. Armyn, 
Bart., Wm. Ingleby, Esq., Sir Hugh Cholmeley, Bart., Philip Constable, Esq., Thomas Walmsley, Esq., 

Roger Dodsworth, French, Pepper, Gent., Sir James Bellingham, Knt., and Sir Wm. Strickland, 

Knt. ; setting forth, that such books belonged to certain monasteries and religious houses, (among which is 
Meaux Abbey,) do now remayn in the several custodies of the above-named ; and that, if such books were 
placed in a public office of record, where " everie man myght have free access to come unto them at their 
libertie and pleasure," they are all of them commanded to deliver them up. The like warrants are directed 
for the ledger book of Byland, to the Lord AVarden ; and to Lord Falconberge, for that of Newburgh, in 
Yorkshire. 

In the Collectanea Topographica, vol. 1, p.p. 309, 400,— the continuation of a list of monastic cartularies at 
present existing, or which are known to have existed since the dissolution of religious houses ; among which 
are the following relating to this abbey, and in whose possession, or where existing. The several references in 
these pages will be best understood by consulting this list :— MS. Cott. Vitell. c. vi. ; MS. Lansd. 424 ; olitn 
Sir Chr. HyllyarJ, 1553. Postea James, bp. of Lincoln, 1699, (T.) See MS. Harl. 6,975, and I. West, 
1763. Dean and C