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Chap..f.S^^ Copyright No.. 




AMY 3<BWMmmi 


Dubois County. 





Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1896, by George R. Wilson, in the office of the 
Librarian of Congress at Washington. 

U'\'A^ '^ 








t^* ^* ^* 

OF tlie is8nin|j; of educational devices there will be no end, hence 
none need wonder at this. The writer has long noticed that the 
children of Dubois County lack a knowledge of its history. It is 
to supply this knowledge, in a measure at least, that this monograph has 
its origin. 

There is no lack of material at hand for such work. Tlie labor has 
not been in getting material, but in discriminating, in taking only the 
most important, and in putting it in such form most likely to make it read- 
able, or useful for reference. Space prevented even a mention of many 
things that a larger work could take up and use to advantage. The book 
has been compiled, so to speak, with the rubber end of a pencil and a kodak. 
The fact that we have examined many authorities, private and public 
records and documents at Jasper, Indianapolis and Washington; consulted 
many old citizens, and been upon every section of land in Dubois County, 
gives the little history at least a chance of being somewhat accurate. 

"That wliich strikes the eye lives h)ng upon the mind ; 
The faithful sight engraves the knowledge with a beam of light." 

Taking this as a guide, the little book is fully illustrated. 

By far the most interesting part of this monograph is the pictures. 
Some of them appear through the kindness of friends of the parties or insti- 
tutions represented. They rej)resent the enterprise and liberality of our 

If we succeed in gettiug a few children to know more of their countv, 
to think more of her institutions, to better respect the old citizens, and to 
help advance Dubois county along the road to continued usefulness and 
prosperity, we shall feel amply repaid for our labor. 


County Superintendent's Office, 
Jaspee, Ind., Nov. 2, 1896, 




Dubois County as known in 1896, and as it has been for half a century, 
is bounded on the north by Daviess and Martin Counties ; on the east by 
Orange, Crawford and Perry Counties ; on the south by Perry, Spencer and 
Warrick Counties, and on the west by Warrick and Pike Counties. At its 
greatest length it is twenty-two miles, and at its greatest width it is twenty- 
one miles. Its greatest length is north and south. The center of the county 
is about two miles southeast of Jasper, its county seat. 

When Indiana became a territory, [1805] what is now known as Dubois 
County, was part of Knox County. About eight years later Gibson County 
was organized and it embraced a part of what is now Dubois. In 1816, this 
territory became a part of Pike County, and was so known when Indiana 
became a state, that is, on Dec. 11, 1816. On December 20, 1817, an act 
was approved creating Dubois County, not just as we know its present size 
and shape, but as an individual county. That act was passed at Corydon, 
then the capital of Indiana. 

Gen. W. Johnson, of Knox County ; Thomas Polke, of Perry County ; 
Thomas Montgomery, of Gibson County ; Richard Palmer, of Daviess County, 
and Ephraim Jordon, of Knox County, were appointed commissioners to 
select a site for a county seat. They selected the place where Portersville 
now stands. The same act that empowered these men to select a place for 
the county seat, stated that ten per cent of the net proceeds of the sale of the 
lots should be reserved for the use of a county library in Dubois countv. 
This would seem to indicate that Dubois County and education were twin 
sisters. The commissioners mentioned above, selected Portersville, on Mon- 
day, February 9, 1818. 

Dubois County takes its name from Toussaint Dubois, a Frenchman, of 
Vincennes, Indiana. He was a soldier under Gen. William Henry Harrison, 
and was in the fight at Tippecanoe. Harrison also employed him as a mes- 
senger to various Indian tribes. 

It is generally believed that Dubois County was settled in 1801, along a 
route that passed through the county, leading from Vincennes to Jefferson- 
ville. This route is also known as the "mud hole trace," and passed south 
of Portersville and nearly parallel with the base-line. It passed near the 
Ludlow school-house in Harbison township, and south of Crystal in Colum- 
bia township. Near Crystal, not many years ago, part of the'old logs cut by 
General Harrison's men and used in making the road passable, were dug out 
of the ground so that it might be cultivated. The route passed near the 
Union Valley school-house in Columbia township, and up Cane Creek into 
Orange County„ Along this route, or road, brave pioneers traveled in going 
between Vincennes and the falls of the Ohio River. General Harrison's 
forces camped two days at the Milburn Spring, near the Union Valley school- 
house. He also camped at Fort McDonald. General Harrison's men took 



the liberty to change the route in some places, and as a result, it is sometimes 

called the "Governor's Trace," for he was a 
governor, and afterwards a president, as well 
as a general. 

We are indebted to Lieut. Hiram McDon- 
ald, for the following account of the first set- 
tlement in Dubois County: 

"My father, Allen McDonald, was the first 
white man born in Dubois County, having been 
born about ten rods east of Sherritt's grave- 
yard, on Sunday, January 15, 1809. He was a 
son of William McDonald, who came to Du- 
bois County in 1801, and cleared six acres, 
immediately south of the above graveyard. 
Father died October i, 1880. My grandfather, 
William McDonald, was born in Scotland, Oc- 
LIEUT. HIRAM Mcdonald, Co. D. 24th tober 10, 1775, and came to Pennsylvania 

ind. Voi.,son of Allen McDonald, and when but three years of age. His wife, Jane 

grandson of the pioneer, William Mc- t-, , • tt i /-■« -k r \ 

Donald* Born December 18, 1837. En- i3.,was bom ju Hamburg, Germany, March 
Wafu'n"ti!DlcJ^^^^^^^^^^^ 3^^ 1775- She also Came to Pennsylvania when 

Orderly-Sergeant of Co. H, 24th Indiana she was three years of age. Thesc two peo- 

Volunteers. i ^ t\ i. • /-* ^ ■ u i^ 

pie came to Dubois County m looi, but owmg 

to the Indians, who were troublesome, my 

grandfather took my grandmother back to 

the Ohio Falls during the same year, and 

then returned. He and his sons Alexander 

and David looked after the six acres before 

mentioned. My grandfather walked around 

the land keeping guard with his long rifle 

while Uncle Alex and Uncle David cleared, 

and burned logs, and planted corn. They 

again returned to the Ohio Falls, and the 

families of James Tolly, and a man named 

Churchill came back with them. It was 

then that the building of Fort McDonald 

began. The old fort was forty feet long, 

eighteen feet wide, and two stories high. 

It had a stick chimney at each end, two 

doors, but no windows, only one peep hole 

about one foot square. The fort faced the 

east and 
stood on 

the northwest quarter of the southwest quar- 
ter of section 34, town one, north, range 
five west, near the section line, and about 
one hundred and twenty rods north of the 
base line. I knew the fort well when I was 
a boy, and often slept in it. The lower 
story was divided into two rooms for the 
families of the early settlers. The second 
story was in one room. From its walls were 
port holes two inches wide and four inches 

high. Through these my grandfather and his companions would shoot with 

their long flint-lock rifles, and thus keep the Indians away. 

ALLEN McDonald. 

FORT Mcdonald. 


"My grandfather had first settled at what is now the Sherritt graveyard 
and there built the first cabin in Dubois County. In it my father was bor , 
and he now lies buried but a few rods away from its former location. 

"This cabin was about one half of a mile south of Fort McDonald. This 
settlement was the only one between Vincennes and Paoli. Pioneers came in 
groups of five or six, as a protection against an Indian attack. They 
remained over night and then proceeded to Vincennes or Paoli, which they 
forced themselves to reach in one da}. There was a small "horse-mill" at 
Vincennes, and there they went for meal; on sleds in winter; on horse-back 
in summer. 

"The first white person to be buried in Dubois County was a sister of 
William McDonald, my grandfather. She was put to rest in what is now 
Sherritt's graveyard — and made its first 

"One night the Indians came to my 
grandfather's cabin and stole his four 
horses. They were followed to "Rock 
House Shoals," (Buck Shoals) and 
there all tracks of Indians and horses 
were lost. 

"Toussaint Dubois entered the land 
upon which my grandfather first set- 
tled. My father was once offered the 
330 acres for a small bay mare that he 
afterwards sold for $45. Now each 
acre is worth more. Six months after 
Dubois entered the land my grand- 
father first settled on, James Tolly 
entered, for my grandfather, the 160 
acres upon which Fort McDonald 

"Church services and schools were 
held in Fort McDonald, and in this 
respect, like in many others, this old 
fort stands first in the history of Dubois 

"William McDonald died July 19, Mrs. Coi. B. B. edmonston, born January 27, 
181S, and his wife, Jane B., in 1834. i^'^-'^/^y'^'^t ?°K""'J'•,^I«"^"^''X' ^'t^ ^K^T 

' • . o • /^ per, Indiana, October 5, 1S76. A daug^hter of the 

Both are buried in the Sherritt Grave- pioneer, wiiuam McDonald. Brought to Du. 

d,, bois County in 1803, and was for sometime the 

_, • first and only little white girl in Dubois County. 

Some descendants of William Mc- Her maiden name was Miss Joanna H. McDon- 


Donald live in this county. Here is 

his progeny: His children were David B., Alexander, James F., Mary F., 
Joanna H., Napoleon B.,John, Allen, William and Maria, [lo]. Alexander 
McDonald's children were William A., Mary, Marie, Esther and Jane, [5]. 
Jane McDonald, in 1841, became the wife of Mr. Jesse Traylor. She died in 
1861. Her children are Senator Wm. A. Traylor, Ex-Sheriff Albert H. 
Traylor, Joel, Lockhart, Perry G., Louis, Ellis, Edward S. and Basil, [9], 

William McDonald's daughter, Joanna H., became the wife of Col. B. 
B. Edmonston. Allen McDonald, the first white person born in Dubois 
County, is the father of Hiram (the narrator), Louis A., Mary A., Sarah, 
Leander, Alexander, Frances, Fletcher, Eva, and Oscar, — and so the de- 
scendants run out into many families." 


Here at the Sherritt Graveyard is a place where those who love to dwell 
upon the past history of Dubois County can find food for thought. If you are 
like Sir Walter Scott's "Old Mortalit}'," you can brush away the moss from 
the "French Lick" headstones, and read beneath, "Born, 1765," ''Born, 
1776;" "Died, 1815," "Died, 1825," and any number of similar dates, 
while beneath your feet lie the remains of many hardy pioneers whose graves 
are unnumbered and unmarked, save by the ivy that the blasts of nearly a 
hundred winters have not eliminated. The dignity and eloquence of the 
names on the "mossy marbles" justify the pride of the living who loyally 
trace the most valued influences of their lives to the time when they knew 
and loved those now beneath the sod. 

Here lie in peaceful slumber the early McDonalds, Niblacks, Sherritts, 
Haddocks, Kelsoes, Traylors, McCrilluses, Tollys, Churchills, Cavenders, 

Harbisons, Flints, But- 
lers, Bixlers, Breiden- 
baughs — soldiers, judges, 
surveyors, pioneers, com- 
missioners — and a long 
line of others whose 
names have been obliter- 
ated from the headstones 
by the cruel hand of 

Touching the enclos- 
ure on the south side is 
t h e first field cleared 
from the prmieval forest ; 
touching the same en- 
closure on the west was 
built the first rude cabin 

SHERRITT GRAVEYARD. c ..u -x/f r\ 11 ui 

of the McDonalds, while 

on the east stood their first double log-cabin, and in it was born little Allen 
McDonald, the first white native of the soil that now constitutes Dubois 

A few rods north of the graveyard runs the base line, at about 38° 30' north 
latitude, and in its "due westerly course" through Illinois to the city of St. 
Louis, while almost in sight is the location of old Fort McDonald, the pro- 
tector of civilizing influence in Dubois County, and the camp of Gen. Wil- 
liam Henry Harrison. It stood about 9° 58^ west of the city of Washington. 

Let those who now own fine farms and homes in Dubois County pause 
here for a moment, and pay their respects to the bodies now crumbling in 
death, who, when in life directed the axe that cleared the forest and held the 
rifle that stayed the Indian, or felled the bear and panther. 

Their labors and their efforts to advance civilization on the frontier in 
their days deserve a fitting memorial in the shape of a large substantial rustic 
monument of native stone. Who will erect it? 



The early settlers in Dubois County had many trials and hardships. The 
McDonalds had settled on the south bank of Mud Hole Creek about two 
hundred yards south of where the base line was laid out two years later. 


The site is on a beautiful knoll that commands the little creek, which is well 
supplied with springs and has never been known to "go dry." Mc- 
Donald was a ranger, guide and fearless hunter. A short time after he set- 
tled in Dubois County, the Indians called on him, and insisted that the pale 
face should be initiated into the mysteries and secrets of the original Redmen. 
He consented, whereupon one of the braves killed a hawk; its head was cut 
off, and impaled on a tall pole, when all proceeded to the banks of Mud 
Hole Creek. Pale Face McDonald was given the pole and required co hold 
the hawk's head above his own, while the Indians joined hands and danced 
about him in all their gruesome style. He thus became the first adopted Red 
Man in Dubois County, and lived to tell the tale to his future neighbors. 

The McDonald fort was the half-way place between the country in and 
about Paoli and Vincennes. Early settlers in Orange and Washington 
Counties had to go to Vincennes to enter their lands. Fort McDonald was 
the stopping place in going and coming, and thus became of some import- 
ance. A gunsmith finally came along and was induced to remain and repair 
the guns of settlers, explorers, and sometimes of the Indians. Some few 
Indians had guns, others used the bow and arrows. Many of them were 
excellent shots. Some could hit a "bit" with an arrow at a distance of fifty 

A "bit" in those days was one-half of a silver coin that in its original 
state was worth twenty-five cents. Change was scarce, and silver was cut 
into halves and quarters and passed as money. As late as the fall of 1896, 
the half of a silver half dollar was found near this old settlement. Some 
years ago a Spanish coin bearing date 17 17, vvas found where McDonald had 
built his residence. 

It was a very common occurence to see a son of the early settler walking 
by the side of his father carrying his long trusty flint-lock rifle, while the 
father held the plow. Sometimes a daughter carried the gun. 

The graves of many of the early settlers of Dubois County have been 
lost. Many were buried on a knoll near some corner of their land and thus 
their exact resting places cannot be found. There are more than two 
hundred of such burial plots in Dubois County. 

After the Indians had left Dubois County as a tribe, a few returned on 
a hunting trip. Of these few one was 
killed near the Sherritt graveyard where 
they had built a wigwam of the bark of a 
poplar tree. He was killed by a white 
man, and is said to have been the last one 
killed in this county. The killingtook place 
on the land that Toussaint Dubois bought 
from the United States in 1807. Dubois 
entered 320 acres. It is well watered. 
Mill Creek and Mud Hole Creek flow 
through it, and on the north side about 
fifty feet south of the base line, and about 
the same distance from Mill Creek is 
"Toussaint Dubois Spring." This 
spring is one of the very best in the entire 
county. It flows a strong stream, and its waters are excellent. An analysis 
of its waters shows its ingredients to be (according to State Chemist John 

Mr. Fritz Mann, in Boone township. 



Hurty) as follows: Thirty-two orrains of chalk, and the slightest trace of 
iron in one gallon. It is said there is no purer water in the state of Indiana. 
This man Dubois entered land in various parts of Southern Indiana, and 
after his death much of i , including his possessions in Dubois County, was 
sold for taxes. His daughter Susan, married a Mr. Jones, and he permitted 
the land to sell for taxes. 

Col. Simon Morgan was the first clerk and recorder in Dubois County. 
He served in this double capacity for twenty-three years, from the establish- 
^ ment of the county seat at 

^?^G:^/*7^__t-^:^^'«^ Po''teisville, until his death, 
'^ ' in 1S41 


His remains lie buried 
about a mile south of Hays- 
ville in the Reed Graveyard 
near the Jasper and Hays- 
ville road. 

In the center of the court 
house at Portersville a small 
space was railed off, and 
within the rails sat Judge 
Goodlet and Clerk Morgan, 
in all their original dignity, 
while court was in session. 
After court adjourned dig- 
nity was laid aside and each 
was himself again. 

Many of the early settlers 
came from Tennessee, Ken- 
tucky, Virginia and the 
They brought 

The above is an exact renresentation of the penmanship of 
Col. Simon Morgan, the first clerk and recorder of Dubois 
County. Colonel Morgan, was born in Virginia, February 3, Vi'^'A, 
and came to Dubois County in 1816. He died at Jaspet, in Jan- 
uary, la41. He was elected clerk and recorder when Dubois 
County was organized, 181S, and served as such until his death. 
The above shows his penmanship, as executed with a goose-quill Carolinas. 
pen in 1831. •1.1. ...u ..^ 1 • J 

With them cotton, and raised 
this product on the land about Portersville. A cotton gin was in operation 
at Portersville. The lassies learned to spin and weave, and presented a neat 
and clean appearance in their homemade cotton gowns. One native, Elijah 
Lemmon, lost an arm at the cotton gin at Portersville. Later, sheep were 
brought and wool soon took the place of cotton, and cotton fell back to its 
natural soil, the red hills of Southern Tennessee. 

The Indians that lingered in the county during its early settlement were 
fond of milk, and would frequently carry a ham of a deer or a bear to the cabin 
of a white man and deliver it to the Pale Face. Then by grunts and signs they 
would indicate that they wanted milk in return. They drank all they could, then 
filled their Indian jugs, or pouches made of coon skins to take -with them. 
They never left any milk. Often they would give many times its worth in 
wild meat. 

Deer was the most numerous of the wild animals. Thousands roamed 
through the woods in Dubois County. A pair of venison hams sold for 
about twenty cents. The hides were also an article of trade worth from six 
to twelve cents. The deer hams were shipped south on flat boats with pork, 
corn, beans, etc. In this way the settlers bought their powder, flint and lead, 
and such groceries and medicines as they needed. 


To-day if an enemy's ship should fire a cannon ball into the city of Bos- 
ton or San Francisco, in an hour every town in Dubois County could know 
it, and its citizens would begin to talk of defensive measures. Fifty years 
ago it took six or seven weeks before it was known that Polk was elected 
president. The race between Clay and Polk for president was an exciting one, 
yet news in Southern Indiana traveled slowly, and the result was not known 
for weeks. ,^ 

In 1835, people in j^ubois County were very sociable. The clothes 
they wore made no false imstinctions as now-a-days. At that time the wear- 
ing apparel of the entire people, men, women and children was manufac- 
tured at home. The loom — the big and little wheels and reel — was indis- 
pensable, and found in every house. The women did the weaving. They 
made jeans, blue and butternut flannels: linseys, both plain and striped, flax 
and tow linen. Dresses wei-e made of linsey. They frequently had turkey 
red stripes — the brighter, the prouder the girl was that wore it. 

In 1840, the way of traveling was on horse-back. Everybody rode well. 
Ladies were excellent riders and seemed at home on the horse. Races were 
frequent along the level roads of Boone township. Old people tell 
us that frequently at a marriage there was a custom of "riding for the bottle. ''' 
The wedding party would start at the groom's home, while the bottle was 
buried at some place near the bride's home, well known to all the party. 
The race was a helter-skelter-ride across the country for the bottle. The 
lady who won, was entitled to select her partners for the dances at the 
wedding. There were also many other plans of testing the speed of the 
horse and the skill of his rider. 

The first court held in Dubois County was held at the house of William 
McDonald, in August, i8rS. Jonathan Doty was presiding judge, Arthur 
Harbison was associate judge, Adam Hope was sheriff, and Col. Simon 
Morgan was clerk. From McDonald's house court adjourned to meet at 
Portersville. This village had but one hotel, then called a tavern. The 
judges and lawyers took possession of the tavern, while witnesses and jurors 
had to go elsewhere. Accommodations were not to be had ; so when men 
were summoned as jurors they knew that they were to go prepared. It was be- 
fore the days of matches, so they took with them steel, flint, punk; powder, 
balls, gun, salt, bread, dog, horse, and blanket. The blanket frequently 
consisted of a bear's hide, such as are now called robes. 

The jurors spent the night at "Jury Spring," about one-fourth mile 
south of Portersville, with no shelter save their bear robes and the blue 
canopy of heaven. They told jokes and played games until sleep overcame 
them. Early in the morning they were out for wild game which was plenti- 
ful and furnished good meat. When court opened they were ready to serve 
as jurors and decide the "weighty case according to law and evidence." 

A few of the very first settlers in Dubois County brought slaves with 
them, but soon let them serve as free men. The idea of slavery was re- 
pulsive to frontiersmen. Now there are not fifty colored people in Dubois 
County. There was at one time a settlement of Negroes, and a colored 
school on the line dividing Cass and Ferdinand townships. Now, many of 
the colored people He buried in their little cemetery on a high hill about half 
way between Ferdinand and Huntingburg. 







Some confusion appears to exist in the minds of land owners as to the 
source of title to lands within Dubois County. At one time this was a part 
of Canada. England however, claimed this part of North America by virtue 
of the discoveries of the Cabots, and her subsequent successes. A charter 
was granted to Virginia which included lands in Indiana. Virginia gave her 
rights to the United States, March i, 1784. When the Indians' title 
was obtained, the land was surveyed, and sold to settlers, or donated to 
parties or corporations that eventually sold to settlers. 

The Indians' title to the lands was obtained by a treaty with them, held 
at Fort Wayne, June 7, 1803, except for a small part lying southwest of Hol- 
land, which was obtained by the treaty at Vincennes, August i8th and 27th, 

The surveys in Dubois County, after the base line was surveyed, began 
as follows: Range 3, west, September 10, 1804, by Levi Barber. (This is 
all the land in Columbia, Hall and Jefferson townships) ; range 4, west, 
September, 1804, by Nahum Bewl ; range 
5, west, October 17, 1804, by David 
Landford ; range 6, west, October 24, 
1804, by Stubbs and Fowler, and south 
of the Fort Wayne treaty line by A. 
Stone, August 2q, 1805. 

The Indians that lived in Dubois County 
are said to have belonged to the Fainke- 
shaw Tribe of the Great Miami Confed- 
eracy of Indians. Many scattered mem- 
bers of the tribe remained in th'i county 
until long after the white people had 
made their homes here. About all that 
remains of them now are their crumbling 
bones in the various Indian graveyards 
on the brows of many of our hills. 

For various purposes the United States 
ceded large tracts of land in the state of 
Indiana to the state of Indiana, and it in 
turn to different parties. Among the 
lands granted was a part of Dubois 
County. The great Wabash and Erie 
Canal, leading from Lake Erie to Evans- 
ville, Indiana, was under construction in 
1840. It passed near Petersburg, Ind- 
iana, and approached Evansville, along 
what is now the Evansville and Jasper 
branch of the L., E. & St. L. Railroad. 

County were given to this canal company to help it in the construction of the 
canal, while other parts of the land were donated to the stale seminary, state 
university and common schools. Many parts of the county were low, and 
such land was called "swamp land." 

In these swamp lands the state of Indiana had large ditches dug, drained 
off the water, and then sold the land. Dr. E. Stephenson, of Jasper, was 
swamp land commissioner, and sold many tracts for the state of Indiana. 

ALOIS SPRAUER, Artist, Jasper, Ind., who made 
the photographs from which the larger per 
cent of the engravings in this book were made. 

106,675^ acres of land in Dubois 



Some of these ditches may be seen to-day, for example, the one I'ust west of 
Ireland, the one just west of the Mahin school house in Madison township, 
part of Birch Creek in Boone township, one at the corner of Boone, Madison 
and Bainbridge townships, one draining part of Jasper, one draining Buffalo 
Pond, one mile north of Jasper, one near the corner of Harbison, Bainbridge 
and Marion townships, and many others. The land drained by these ditches 
is now the most fertile and valuable, for farming purposes, in Dubois County. 
But we must go back to other lands. For the convenience of settlers, 
and those desiring to purchase the public lands of the United States in Dubois 
County, a land office was opened at Vincennes, in 1804; and for awhile at 
Washington, Daviess County, Indiana, for the canal land. To these land 
offices pioneers wended their weary way, purchased their homesteads, and in 


time obtained their first deeds, called patents, from the United States govern- 
ment, or from the Wabash and Erie Canal. The patents from the govern- 
ment were usually on a yellow parchment, that in substance resembled the 
head of a drum. They bear the name of the President of the United States, 
and are rather dignified and ancient looking documents. The patents issued 
by the Wabash and Erie Canal are more modern looking, and printed on a 
sky-blue paper. Much of this land was bought for twelve and one-half cents 
an acre. 

The trip to Vincennes to enter land (as purchasing it was called) was 
often made on foot, the pioneer trusting to his rugged constitution to stand 
the swimming of the bridgeless streams, and to his very long flint-lock rifle 
for his venison and bear meat. He ate none but the best of wild meats, such 
as would be relished by the most fastidious epicure of to-day. 

Here was a grand illustration of true manhood. This hardy, honest 
pioneer left the scenes of civilization, in Virginia, Kentucky and the Caro- 
linas as "if moved by an over-ruling divinity," and came on to Dubois 
County guided only by the familiar blaze of the surveyor's axe, until his eye 
fell on the spot of his choice. Here he built his ''block-house," with some 
stream or sprmg near by. He got his patent, cleared away the forest about his 


cabin, and protected his wife and babies from the wily Indian ; from the sulky 
bear, the enraged wounded deer, the vicious catamount, the ferocious pan- 
ther, the hungry wolf, the shrill howling coyote, the sharp eyed lynx, the 
grunting wild boar and many other wild animals. 

Or, if he came not of Southern Cavalier parentage, he came from the busy 
scenes of central Europe, and landed in Dubois County a few years after 
the pioneer from the states named above. The chances are that he had a 
strong constitution, a firm determination to remain settled, a pouch filled 
with gold about his body, a kind heart and a willing hand that knew no fear 
of work. He bought out the "squatter" or more roaming disposed Ameri- 
can and settled down to hard work. 

Toussaint Dubois, after whom this county was named, came after the 
McDonalds, and bought their lands of the government. May 7, 1807. The 
McDonalds were not the owners in fee simple, but were generally 
known as rangers. The government deeds to Toussaint Dubois, properly 
called patents, were written upon the prepared skins of an animal, and call 
for 160 acres each, being the north half of section 3, township i, south, 
range 5, west. It is not known that Toussaint Dubois ever lived on the land. 
When the McDonalds settled in Dubois County the land had not been sur- 
veyed. The base line mentioned above was surveyed in 1804, by Ebenezer 
Buckingham, Jr. On October 17th, of the same year, David Sanford, a gov- 
ernment surveyor, sub-divided range 5, west, into sections, thus Toussaint 
Dubois saw his opportunity of entering the land upon which the McDonalds 
had settled. The patent was issued after the entry and not until purchase 
money had been paid. The patents have not been recorded in Du- 
bois County. These were nine inches wide and twelve inches long, and for 
the benefit of such readers who may never have read one, below is presented 
a copy of one of the patents issued to Toussaint Dubois, and now in 
possession of Mr. Fritz Mann, who is the owner of part of the real estate. 
This is the first patent issued for land in Dubois County: 


THOMAS JEFFERSON, President of the United States of America: 
To all to vkom these presetits shall come, g-reeting: 

Know Ye, That Toussaint Dubois, of Vincennes, having deposited in the Treasury 
a certificate of the Register of the Land Office, at Vincennes, whereby it appears that 
he has made full payment for the North-East quarter of Section number three, of town- 
ship number one (South of the Basis line) in range number five (West of the second 
meridian) of the lands directed to be sold at Vincennes by the act of Congress, entitled 
"An act providing for the sale of Lands of the United States in the Territory north-west 
of the Ohio, and above the mouth of Kentucky river," and of the acts amendatory of the 
same. There is granted, by the United States, unto the said Toussaint Dubois, the 
quarter lot or section of land above described: To have and to hold the said quar- 
ter lot or section of land, with the appurtenances, unto the said Toussaint Dubois, his 
heirs and assigns forever. 

In Testimony whereof, I have caused these letters to be made patent, 
and the seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed. 

Given under my hand at the City of Washington, the sixteenth day 
Seal of the °^ February, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hnndred and 

nine, and of the Independence of the United States of America, the 

By the President, THS. JEFFERSON. 

James Madison, Secretary of State. 


As the civil townships of Dubois County are bounded at the present day, 
the following are the first entries of land in each respective township. That 
these tracts mentioned below were the first entries in the township in which 
they lie is not always an indication that there the first settlements were made: 



Columbia Township. The first land entered was the south half of the 
northeast quarter of section 34, township i north, range 3 west, 80 acres. 
Thomas Pinchens entered it on April 30, 1816. This land is in Union Valley, 
about the "Milburn Spring, "and near where General Harrison camped, when 
on his way to fight the battle of Tippecanoe. 

Harbison Township. Samuel McConnell entered the southwest quar- 
ter of Section 36, township i north, range 5 west, on May 29, 1807. This 
joins the tract mentioned in the next township. "Taussaint Dubois Springs" 
are in sight of this land. 

Boone Township. The north half of section 3, township i south, 
range 5 west, was entered by Toussaint Dubois, May 7, 1807. This is also 
the first land entered in the county. 

Madison Township. One hundred and sixty acres in the southwest 
quarter of section 35, township i south, range 6 west, was entered by John 
Walker, June 15, 18 14. This is now the "Sweeney Farm," east of Hills- 
boro Church. 

Bainbridge Township. On March 4, 1S16, Nelson Harris entered the 
southwest quarter of section 28, township i south, range 5 west. This is now 

the Fritz Geiger farm, and lies im- 
mediately east of Shiloh Cemetery. 
On this land lie the remains of Sheriff 
Thomas Woolridge, who wa's shot and 
killed on West Sixth street, in the town 
of Jasper, about 1842. 

Marion Township. The south- 
east quarter of section 11, township 2 
south, range 4 west, was the first land 
entered in this township. The entry 
was made by John Hall, December 2, 
1818. It is now the "Warsing Farm," 
and lies south of the Fitter School- 

Hall Township. On August it 

1817, Edward Hall entered the west 

half of the northwest quarter of section 

9, township 2 south, range 3 west. 

This is now the "Frechtel Farm," 

about one mile north of Schnellville. 

This man leaves his name on "Hall's 

Creek" and Hall township. 

Jefferson Township. James Newton, on Ai\gust 5th, 1834, entered 

the southeast quarter of the northwest quarter of section i, township 3 south, 

range 3 west. This land is on Anderson Creek and nearly two miles south 

of Birdseye. 

Jackson Tozvnship. In this township the first entry was made by 
Philip Kimmel. On November 27, 1819, he entered the west half of the 
southwest quarter of section 26. township 3 south, range 4 west. This is 
part of the land that lies immediately south of St. Anthony, and north of the 
railroad . 

Patoka Township. The northeast quarter of section 9, township 3 
south, range 5 west, comes first. It was entered June 2, i8i8,byEli Thomas. 
It lies immediately south of Fairmount Cemetery. [On November 17, of the 
same year William Gibson, of Virginia, entered section 21, township 2 south, 
range 5 west, and the entire section to this day remains unbroken in his 

HON. JOHN L. BRETZ, of Jasper, Indiana, Prose- 
cutor of Eleventh Judicial Circuit, from 1884 
to 1890. Congressman ot Second Indiana Con- 
gressional District from ISltl to 18'.t3. 



name. The "Brierfield Bridge," on the Jasper and Huntingburg road is 
on this Gibson section.] 

Cass Township. James Gentry, on April i6, [8i8, entered the south- 
west qnarter of section 15, township 3 south, range 5 west. The new Cast- 
rup School-house No. 4, now stands on the southeast corner of this land. 

Ferdinattd Township. Abner Hobbs, on August 5, 1834, entered the 
north half of the south east quarter section 22, township 3 south, range 4 
west. This tract lies nearly two miles northeast of Ferdinand. Notice the 
date when Jefferson township's first entry was made. In this respect the two 
townships divide honors, both equally last in the entry of land, in Dubois 

All land in Dubois County has been entered and, no doubt, paid for, 
but there are one hundred twenty acres of swamp lands, and one hun- 
dred nineteen acres of university lands in this county for which patents 
have never been issued. The owners of the land have neglected to call for 
the patents. 



The first settlers, after providing for their most urgent wants, built what 
were called block-houses. These houses were constructed of blocks of wood 
ten or twelve inches square and of any desirable length ; about fifteen or 
tw^enty feet. The ends were dove-tailed or double wedged, so that they 
could not be forced apart. The logs or 
blocks were placed one above the other 
as ordinary log houses are constructed, 
each block wedging down to one beneath 
it, so that when completed a solid wall 
of wood ten or twelve inches thick pre- 
sented itself to the Indians, or enemy. 
The chimney was built in the center, so 
that it could not be torn down. Port holes 
were cut in the logs ; that is, small holes, 
large enough to permit a rifle being put 
through from the inside, aimed and dis- 
charged. These holes spread toward the 
outside so that a rifle could be raised, low 
ered or aimed by one within the house with- 
out much danger from an enemy outside. 
In this way the pioneer shot plenty of 
deer, bears, turkeys and other wild game without even going out of his 
house. The roof was built of logs pinned down with wooden pins, 
nails being a luxury, too costly for such use. The door usually consisted of 
two boards, each cut from a log. They were placed on end and securely 
barred and braced from within. Fort McDonald was similarly constructed, 
but much larger, for it held several families when the Indians were trouble- 
some. It was considered much as common property by the settlers. 

As previously stated William McDonald had built a house near the base 
line on the banks of Mud Hole Creek, a branch of Mill Creek, or perhaps 
between these two streams. At this place the commissioners, who were to 
locate a county seat for Dubois County, met and selected the land upon' 


The first Court House in Dubois County, at 
Portersville, 1818, is shown on the left. It has 
recently been torn down. The J ail stood north 
of the Court House. It was torn down many 
years ago. 



which Portersville now stands, perhaps because it is on the banks of White 
River, streams in those days being valuable as means of transportation. 
Court was also to be held at the McDonald house until the fllrst court house 
could be erected. 

Part of the first court house to-day (1896) remains, and a cut of the same 
may be seen in this book. At the time it was built, giant trees stood 
guard as silent sentinels in the surrounding forest, and on the banks of 
White River. Parties having suits in court would camp under these "mon- 
archs of the forest" until their suits were disposed of. The court house 
was two stories high : so was the jail. The jad has long since disappeared. 
It stood north and somewhat between the old court house and clerk's office, 
which stood east of the court house, and was a one story log structure. The 
upper story of the jail was used as a "debror's prison," for it was occupied 
under the old constitution of Indiana, which permitted imprisonment for 
debt. (Prior to 1853.) The lower story was more secure and used for the 
incarceration of criminals. 

Portersville was laid out by Hosea Smith, a surveyor of Pike County, 
and the lots in Portersville were offered for sale in July, 1818. However, 
nearly the entire county of Dubois was south of its county-seat, and when it 
became somewhat settled, a demand was made for the re-location of a seat 

of justice. Thus Portersville lost the 
county seat to Jasper, in 1830. The 
land on which a small part of Jasper is 
now situated was donated for a county- 
seat, in 1S30, by Jacob and Benjamin En- 

When Enlows' donations were made 
twelve citizens of the neighborhood 
bound themselves to build a court house 
and jail at Jasper as good as those 
at Portersville, free of cost to the county. 
The buildings were of log, somewhat like 
those at Portersville. The court house 
was a two-story-log building. It had 
a large stone chimney at each end. It 
faced the south. The building was used for holding courts and other pub- 
lic meetings, for school purposes, and as the clerk's and the recorder's offices. 
These were about the only officials that really had any need of an office 
room. Simon Morgan was the both clerk and recorder, and devoted his 
spare time, which was about five days out a week, to teaching school in the 
court house. 

This court house, with all of its valuable records, was destroyed by fire 
on Saturday night, August 17, 1839, while Col. Simon Morgan was clerk 
and recorder. It stood where the present brick structure stands. North 
of the court house stood an old jail building. It was also constructed of logs, 
the lower story partly in the ground, with steps on the east side leading up 
to the second floor. This was torn down before 1848. A few yards north- 
west of the jail stood a majestic oak, and under its spreading branches, early 
citizens would congregate during court sessions, and "fist-fights" were com- 

After the destruction of the court house 1839, court was held at the resi- 
dence of James H. Condict, of Jasper, and at the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church that stood one square east of the public square in Jasper. These 
buildings served as court rooms for about six years, 






A new court house was to be built. Finally the east three-fifths of the 
present one were erected, and received as such in 1S47. Rev. Joseph Kun- 
deck, was the contractor. In 1875, the remaining two-fifths were built. 
The court house cost about $11,000.00. 

In 1S49, a brick jail was built just north of the northwest corner of the 
present court house. It was torn down about 1875, after having been used 
as an annex to the county auditor's office. 

The brick part of the present jail, now used as the sheriff's residence, was 

built in 1869. The stone 
part, or jail proper, was 
built in 1893, the old 
cell-room having first 
been torn down. 

A poor farm was pur- 
chased in 1 86 1. It was 
near the geographical 
center of the county. An 
asylum was erected on 
the farm, but it was also 
destroyed by fire on a 
Sunday afternoon in the 
fall of 188 1. 


A new farm was pur- 
chased in Madison town- 
ship, on March 8, 1882. 
It is one of the finest in the county and contains 350 acres. The buildings 
on it are frame. It is to be hoped that more modern buildings will soon be 
erected. Buildings in keeping with the dignity of the county, and in har- 
mony with the kind feelings Dubois County has foi the poor, should displace 
the present houses. 



The Cumberland Presbyterian Church was the first to appear upon the 
frontiers in Dubois County, Im 1818, that denomination began holding 
services in this county. Perhaps the first was at Shiloh Camp Meeting 
ground, said by some to have been in the Josiah Risley settlement in section 
35, southwest of Ireland. At any rate, it was the fore-runner of the present 
Shiloh in Madison township. This is considered the second church organiza- 
tion of the C. P. denomination in the state of Indiana. One thing is sure, 
and that is, that the Presbytery for Indiana was organized at Portersville, 
Tuesday, April 18, 1S26, and its fourth meeting was held at Shiloh Church, 
October 2, 1S27. 

However, the first preaching in Dubois County was in Fort McDonald, 
so often mentioned in this little history. 

When Jasper became the county-seat a C. P. church was built of logs, 
later a frame one was built, which was torn down, in 18S6, and the timbers 
became a part of i> dwelling house on "Little Round Top" at Jasper. 

A class of Methodists was organized at Jasper about 1832. 

Methodists and Baptists soon became stronger and now have good build- 
ings in the county. 



German Methodist missionaries came to Dubios County in 1843, from 
Evansville, and began work four miles southwest of Huntingburg. German 


Methodism is strong in the southwestern part of Dubois County to-day, and its 

people constitute part of the best citizens of the county. 

"The Diocese of Vincennes," a 
history by Rev. H. Alerding, says that in 
1834, only two or three Catholics were 
found at Jasper. Rev. St. Palais visited 
the congregation. Services were held 
on the banks of Patoka River, later on 
lot No. 118, in the town of Jasper. In 
1840 and 184 1, the first brick church was 
built in Jasper. It is now used as a pa- 
rochial school and for music and lecture 



rooms. It was built be- 
fore the court house, and 
by the same man, Rev. 
Joseph Kundeck, men- 
tion of whom is often 
made in our little book. 
At Huntingburg Catholic 
services were first held 
October 20, 1859; at 
Ferdinand, April 33, 
1840; at Celestine, in 
1842 ; at St. Anthony 
about i860; at St. Henry, 

BETHEL M. E. CHURCH, Madisoa Township. 




Cost $2.i,C00. Erected, 1890. A handsome building. 



in 1862 ; at Schnellville, November 10, 1S73, and at Ireland, February 
15, 1891. 

The Reformed Methodist Church was founded at Bh-dseye. Rev. Peter New- 
ton, of that town was one of its founders and is one of its bishops. 

The Lutheran 
Church has some of 
the finest buildings 
in Dubois County. 
For the number of 
church buildings in 
the county, Hunting- 
burg comes first. 
For large congrega- 
tions Jasper and Fer- 
dinand lead. 

In the early days, 
1S30, church houses 
were very few, and 

services were often held at the residence of some settler. The minister came 
once in four weeks. He began services at 4 p. m. on Thursday in summer, 
and at night, during winter. The sermons were noted for being "lengthy 
and powerful." The entire Bible constituted the text. The male members 
of the congregation always took their dogs and guns with them. The guns 
were stacked, and while the minister preached, the dogs fought, sometimes 



Originally, (1840) St. Joseph's Church. Here Jasper College was also founded in 1889. The building 
leading out to the right is the parsonage of St. Joseph's Church. 

indoors; at other times about the grounds surrounding the "meeting house " 
If the fight became too general, the preacher would stop until the men re- 
stored order, and each man returned and held his dog until the close of the 
sermon. No more of this is seen now. 



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Dubois County has many fine churches and church properties whose to- 
tal value is estimated at $1,000,000. x\t present there are fifty churches in 
the county. 



A school-house is a sign of civilization, of advancement and of educa- 
tion. There is no official record in Dubois County of its schools prior to 
September 12, 1866, except such as appears in the form of reports scattered 
about the various offices to whose incumbent such reports were made. 

The fii-st schools in Dubois County, like in other counties of the state, 
were of the subscription kind. The school houses were of the same style as 


From left to right the members are William Schiiler, N. B. CoflTriian (Johu Herr, school supplies), 
Levi L. Jacobs, John Wibbels, Johu E. Norman, Nick Senninger, Fred AUes, John Seitz. In fronton 
the steps are R. C. Smith, John H. Eehrens, John E. Steinkamp, George R. Wilson and Alois J. Schaaf. 

the dwellings of those days; of log, with a large fireplace at one end, and a 
shelf used for a writing desk on one side. The school house often served as a 
church house and the teacher often served as a preacher. 

Beginning with 1S24, and for many years, there were three school trus- 
tees for each township. These three trustees examined teachers in regard to 
their abilty to teach reading, writing and arithmetic. School houses were 
built by the able-bodied men in the district. The rooms were to be eight 
feet high, and the floors had to be at least one foot above the ground. Such 
was the beginning of the present district schools. Terms seldom exceeded 
sixty days, and the wages paid teachers were very low. 

The first school houses in Dubois County were usually of logs and about 
twenty feet by twenty-four. The roof was of boards pinned down with wooden 
pins. The floor was made of puncheons. A puncheon was a combination 
between a log and a board. It was generally between three and six inches 
thick and was laid down loose. The seats in the school room were generally 
made of one-half of a small log, supported by four or six wooden pins, for legs. 
The books were Webster's Blue-back Speller, DeBald's or Pike's Arithme- 
tic, and Olney's Geography and Atlas. 





The New Testament served as a reader. The spelling lesson caused the 
greatest interest. To stand at the head of a spelling class was the highest am- 
bition. Many pupils could spell every word in the book, even though they 
did not know its meaning, and perhaps never used the word again. To walk 
five or six miles to school was a very common occurence. 

Pupils were permitted to study as loud as they pleased, and, many thought 
that the more noise the pupils made in studying their lessons, the better they 
would know them. There would be bits of "a-(5, ads," i-b, ibsf "•12 
times 12 are 144,'- '■'cancel and divide,'" '•'•In the beginning, God said let 
there be light, and there was light," and various other sounds mixed up at 
the same time; all while school was in session, and while the teacher was 
explaining long division to the big boys and girls. 

Pupils wrote with goose-quill pens, shapened by the teacher. The pupil 
always "run down'' 
his own goose, and 
brought the feather 
to his teacher to be 
dexterously converted 
into a quill pen. Sand 
served instead of a 
blotting-pad. School 
began at "sun up" 
and closed at "sun 
down," and he who 
got to the school 
house first recited 
first, and so on one at 
a time. There was no 
recess except at noon. 
One of the very first 
teachers was Simon 
Morgan. His pen- 
manship is shown 
elsewhere in this little 
history. He taught school in Fort McDonald, in the court house at Porters- 
ville, and also in the log court house at Jasper. About 1S20, a school was 
taught near Haysville, and also at Shiloh, west of Jasper. Before this 
county was organized a school was taught near where Ireland now stands. 
One was taught in Jefferson township, north of Schnellville, about 1820. 

Under the constitution of 1816, and from 1843 to the year 1853, 
John McCausland served in the capacity of county school examiner. From 
1S53 to 1857, Rev. Joseph Kundeck, Rev, A. J. Strain, and George W. 
Fallon served as school examiners. S. J. Cramer succeeded Mr. Fallon; 
the others continued. For the year 1858, Rev. A, J, Strain, Stephen Jerger, 
and S. J. Cramer served ; for 1859, Rev. A, J. Strain, William Hayes, and 
John B. Beckwerment, served, and for 1861, Henrv A. Holthaus succeeded 
Rev. A. J. Strain. 

In 1861, the law was changed, and only one school examiner was re- 
quired. On June 5, iS6i, Rev. A. J. Strain was appointed and he served 
until his death, February 2, 1873. On the seventh day of the following 
March, Mr. E. R. Brundick was appointed. 

A law was passed and went into effect March 8, 1873, calling for the 
appointment of the first county superintendent, on the first Monday of June, 


The only log school house in Dubois county. Erected in 1854. Mr. 
Clement Lueken, Sr., has taught here without interruption since 1861. 





1873, and bi-ennially thereafter. Mr. Brundick was appointed, and held 
until June 3, 1879, when Rev. Geo.C. Cooper became his successor. On 
June 6, 1881, the Hon. A. M. Sweeney was appointed and served with 
eminent success, until June, 1889, when George R. Wilson, the present incum- 
bent, was appointed. 


William Hayes. Examiner of Common School 
Teachers for theCouuty of Dubois for the term of 
two years from the first Monday in March, 1800. 
Appointed by the board of county commissioners. 
Died at JHsper, Indiana, November '■'>, 1874. Mr. 
Hayes was born at Haysville, Indiana, October 4, 
1834, He was an attache of the Courier office, at Jas- 
per for fourteen years. 


Kev. Joseph Kuudeck was born iu Johannicli, 
Croatias. Aug. '24, 1810. In 1837, he emigrated 
to Indiana, and in 1838, was installed asjCatholic 
pastor at Jasper. The congregation at Jasper 
theu numbered fifteen families. During 1840 
and 1841 he built the first brick church at Jasper. 
He ofteu went to Madison, Ind., and over into 
Illinois to preach. He also visited the congre- 
gations at Ferdinand, Troy, Celestine, Fulda and 
McLoughlin, as their pastor. To restore his 
health he took a trip to New Orleans in 1843, and 
while there built its first German Catholic 
Church. He then returned to Jasper and built 
the Court House. About the same time he built 
the present brick church at Troy. He laid out 
the town of Ferdinand in 1840, having purchased 
the land of the United States in 1839. In 1843 he 
laid out tlie town of Celestine. In 18.51 he built 
the first Germau Catholic Church at Madison, 
Ind., and then made a trip to Europe. About 
this time he was appointed Vicar General of Vin- 
cennes, having previously been Missionary Gen- 
eraL In 1844 he introduced the Sisters of Provi- 
dence in the schools of .Jasper. They now have 
a flourishing academy. On Nov. 29, 18.5.5 he laid 
out the first addition to Jasper. He bought a 
great amount of land from the government. 
His services and work iu Southern Indiana have 
resulted in much good. Perhaps no man in the 
early days of Southern Indiana was more gener- 
ally and favorably known. In the spring of 1857 
began an illness that caused his death on 
December 4th, 1857. A handsome monument 
marks his last resting place in St. Joseph's Ceme- 
tery at Jasper. No photograph of this man could 
be found. See copy of autograph elsewhere. 


Born Jan. IS, 1821, died Feb. 2. 1873. Pastor of 
Shiloh congregation for twenty-six years; County 
School Examiner for nearly twenty years. He 
died while holding the above position. Shiloh, 
Lemmons.Hillsboro and Lebanoit churches Avere 
erected during his ministration. Ordained Oc- 
tober 10, 1847. 

Before 1S73, the examination passed 
by the applicant for a teacher's license 
was not difficult. The difficulty was 
in getting the teachers. The appli- 
cant usually called on the county ex- 
aminer, who asked a few questions, 
which were answered orally, wrote a 
few lines as a sample of his chirography, 
and remained for dinner. After dinner 
if the examiner was satisfied with the 
applicant's knowledge, he wrote out 
a license and handed it to him. It 
was generally written upon a piece of 
fools-cap paper about eight inches 

Here is a sample of a license, from 
the original, still in possession of its owner, Lieut. William Wesley Ken- 
dall, of Jasper: 

"This Certifies that^I have examined Wesley Kendall, Relative to his qualifica- 
tions, to teach a Common schoolas required by the School law of Indiana and find him 




County Su|iiTintfiiileiit, lS7!t 


County Superintendent, 1889. 


County Superintenrlent from 1R81 to 18S9. Clerk of the Supreme Court of Indiana from 
l.sno to 1894; now I'rvsideiH o( tht; state Life Insurance to. 



qualified to teacli Orthography, Spelling, Reading, Writing and Arithmetic as far as 
Interest, And he supporting a good Moral Character I therefore license him to teach 
the branches above named for the term of three months. 
July 29— 1856. <'A. j. Strain, S. E." 

[The language and capitals areas they appear in the original.] Un- 
der this license Mr. Kendall taught in the old Beatty school house in 
Columbia township, near the "Beatty Spring," and on the last day of school 
had a drill or muster of old soldiers, who formed a hollow square, and 


World's Fair Diploma and Medal awarded to the Dubois County Schools in 1893, at Chicago. The 
medal and its aluminum case weigh eleven ounces. 

listened to addresses. To show that such was the usual grade in those 
days in Southern Indiana, below may be found a copy of a Crawford County 
license, with original capitals, language and punctuation: 

"Leavenworth Indiana Nov 10th 1858. 
"This certifies that Wesley Kendall was this day by me examined in the fol- 
lowing branches Orthography Reading Writing Arithmetic Geography and English 
Grammar and find him qualified to teach the Same he is therefore licensed a com- 
mon School teacher two years. Thomas J. Dobyns, Examiner" 

There are in Dubois County at the present time one hundred thirty- 
three public schools that are taught and furnished at an annual cost of over 
$40,000, besides many private schools, an academy and a good college. 



There were in 1S96, seven thousand two hundred seventy-nine children of 
school age. More than $300,000 is invested for educational advancement in 
the different educational institutions of the county. Education took a new 
lease of life in this county in 1S73, under the new laws and it has never for 

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Jacob's School No. 5, Hall Towuship, iu ISiKi— a District School iu Eastern Dubois. 

a moment looked backward, nor stood still. Three large medals were awarded 
to the different educational institutions in Dubois County for exhibits at the 
World's Fair, at Chicago. Jasper College, Ferdinand Acadeiny, and the 
district schools of Dubois County were recognized in this substantial manner. 



The military history of Dubois County is as long as the history of the 
county, and, without a blemish. The county bears the name of an old In- 
dian fighter. The first settler was a ranger, and a faithful guide to General 
Harrison. General Harrison's army camped in Dubois County when he 
was on his way to fight the Indians, at the battle of Tippecanoe, on Novem- 
ber 7, i8n. Indiana was admitted as a state December ii, i8i6. 

The first constitution of the state of Indiana was ordained and estab- 
lished at Corydon, Indiana, on Monday, June lO, i8i6. It remained the 
constitution until November i, 1851. Under this first constitution it was 
provided that all free, white, able-bodied male persons, resident in the state 
of Indiana, between the ages of eighteen and forty-five, with few exceptions, 
shall constitute the state militia. On certain davs during the year men 
were required to muster, (now called drill.) They elected their own officers; 
captains and subalterns were elected by their respective companies ; majors 
were elected by those persons within their respective battalion districts sub- 
ject to perform militia duty ; colonels were elected by those persons within 
the bounds of their respective regimental district subject to perform militia 
duty; brigadier-generals were elected by the commissioned officers within the 



bounds of their respective brigade; and, major-generals were elected by the 
commissioned officers within the bounds of their respective divisions. 

The organizations were squads, companies, battalions, regiments, etc. 
Dubois County had her share of pioneer soldiers, The annual muster was 
held on the first Saturday in May. This was called brigade or battalion mus- 
ter, and was held a mile southwest of the court house, between the Hunting- 
burg road and the railroad. Here met all able-bodied men and drilled, and 
went through all the evolutions of soldiers. The four days following such 
an annual muster, or county muster, were given up to sports, such as shoot- 
ing-matches, foot-races, wrestling, jumping, and frequently a few genuine 

These embryo soldiers camped in the woods near by, killed game for 
meat and brought their "corn-dodgers" with them, or they would go to the 


Co. A. 49th Ind., Vet, Vol., as a military con- 
ductor on the L., F. & L. railroad. Congress 
presented to him a medal of honor in 1894, for 
bravery at Black River Bridge, Miss., May 17, 
1863. He is now custodian of the Dubois County 
Soldiers' Monument. 


Born in Buncom County. N. C, Nov 6, 1802; 
clerk of Dubois County for twenty-eight years; 
served also as Auditor, Recorder. Sheriff, Repre- 
sentative, and in many other positions of trust 
and honor. He was a Brig. General under the 
muster laws of the constitution of 1816; died 
blind, at Jasper, Ind., July 23, 1888. 

"Enlow Mill," (which stood where Eckerts' Mill now stands) and get corn- 
meal and bake their own "hoe-cakes." They enjoyed these cakes and wild 

The company musters were semi-annual, and lasted for one day each. 
There were many "company-muster-grounds" throughout the county. At 
the crossing of the Jasper and Schnellville road with the St. Anthony and 
Celestine road, at Portersville, at Colonel Haddock's farm, near the corner 
of Bainbridge, Boone, and Harbison townships, and many other places com- 
pany musters (or drills) were held. Squad musters were local and convened 
at the call of their captains in that vicinity. 

Captains and lieutenants drilled squads of twenty-five, or more ; majors 




drilled companies of one hundred men, or more; lieutenant-colonels drilled 
battalions of two hundred, or more ; colonels drilled regiments of one thou- 
sand, or more; and, generals, brigades of two thousand, or more. 

When these muster days, or drill days occurred, and the native was the 
possessor of a rifle, he was required to bring it to the muster-ground. If he 
had no gun he practiced the drill with a stick the size of a rifle. The guns 
used in those days were of the style known as "long-barrel, full-stock, single- 
trigger, flint-lock or scrape-fire." 

The manual of arms is too lengthy to describe, and the evolutions of 
the soldier can be imagined better than told. Under this old military system, 


L -^ite 



V JH^^H^^HMik. 


Of Co. E. 14:Uiid. Vols., also first lieuteuant of 
Co. K. 6.5th, lud. Vol. luf. Died at Jasper April 
1-1, 1871. Guckes-Welman Post No 44S, G. A. R., 
Jasper, named in honor of him and Capt. R. M. 


Co. K. 27th lud.. Vols Brevett-d Major at close 
of Civil War. Died at Jasper, Fehruarv 14, 1884. 
Guckes-Welman Post No. 448, G. A. R.," bears his 

among many others, the following citizens rose to at least local distinction: 
Brig.-Gen. B. B. Edmonston, Col. Thos. Shoulders, Lieut. -Col. Elijah Ken- 
dall, Major John Sherritt, Capt. Elisha Jacobs, Capt. Cox, and many others. 
Strange as this may seem in the light of military regulations of the present 
day, these musters created the spirit of patriotism that made itself felt in the 
Mexican and Civil Wars. These musters were before 1853. 

The Rev. Joseph Kundeck, of Jasper, also had a company of one hundred 
men. These he frequently commanded personally. They drilled on the 
public square, or in the church lot at St. Joseph's Church. These men were 
uniformed and supplied with arms. William Burkhart was captain, and Mich- 
ael Reis was lieutenant. This was early in the fifties, before the Civil War. 

With the Mexican War came actual services. Co. E. 4th Reg. Ind. 
Vol. was partly raised in Dubois County in 1847. Several were killed 
in the battles with Mexico. Military spirits slept then until 1861. On April 
30, 1S61, one week after the firing on Fort Sumpter, citizens of Jasper 



began to organize. The first volunteers from Dubois County for the 
Civil War were mustered June 7, 1861, for three years. They were from 
Haysville and vicinity. A company was organized at Jasper, and went into 
camp south of the Jasper College, at what is known in military history as 
Camp Edmonston. On August 15, 1861, it elected John Mehringer, captain ; 
R. M. Welman, first lieutenant, and Stephen Jerger, second Lieutenant. Be- 


Co. M. 10th Ind.. Cav. He organized Co. M. in 
1863. and served as its captain from date of its 
organization to the close of the Civil War. Was 
also state representative and mayor of Hunting- 


He organized Co. K. 27th Ind. Vols, at Jasper, 
and was its captain, July ISfU. While with his 
company at Indianapolis he was promoted to 
Major of the 27th, on account of his knowledge 
of the manual of arms which he acquired while 
a soldier in the Mexican War. After five months 
he resigned and rettirned to Jasper and organ- 
ized the 91st regiment of Ind. Inf. Vols, of which 
regiment he was colonel. He, also, for a long 
time commanded a brigade in the 2.3rd Army 
Corps, under General Schofield. At the close of 
the war, Colonel Mehringer, became a brevet 
brigadier-general. Previous to the Civil War 
he served Dubois County as sheriff and also as 
auditor, which latter position he resigned to 
become colonel of the 91st regiment. He is now 
a citizen of Louisville, Kentucky. 

fore the war was over these men had 
won their promotions on the field of 
battle. Captain Mehringer became 
General Mehringer, Lieutenant Wel- 
man became Major Welman, and Lieu- 
tenant Jerger became Captain Jerger. 
The spirit of patriotism spread 
over the entire county. It was not long 
until Capt. R. M. Welman, Ciipt. Stephen Jerger. Capt. Casper Blume, 
Capt. Morman Fisher, Capt. John M. Lemmon, Capt. P. P. Guckes, 
Capt. J. J. Alles, Capt. J. C. McConahay, Captain Haberle, Capt. D. J. 
Banta, Capt. Geo. W. Hill, Capt. A. J. Beckett, Capt. J. W. Hammond, 
Capt. L. B. Shively, Lieut. W. W. Kendall, Lieut. Leander Jerger, Lieut. 
Arthur Berry, Lieut. Wm. A. Kemp, Lieut. Hiram McDonald, Lieut. Jer- 
emiah Crook, Lieut. W. R. McMahan, Lieut. Arthur Mouser, Lieut. Marion 
Martin, Lieut. Ed. Buchart, Lieut. Harter, Lieut. Geo. Friedman, Lieut. 
J. F. B. Widmer, and 2,000 other young men were in their country's 
army. The Civil War cost Dubois county more than $So,ooo in cash dur- 
ing the war and the lives of many of her young men. At that time our pop- 




This flag was madf and presented to Co. K. l)y tlie ladies of Jasper, in I8(ii. It was used part of 
the time by the 27th reginieut. The flag was carried upou the hloodv. Imttle-field of Aiitietani. and 
several Dubois County soldiers viewed it there for the last lime, as their lil"e-l)lood Howeii from their 
wounds. It was so toru and bullet-ridden at this battle, September 17, 18()2, that it was returned home 
by Captain Welitian. and a new one purchiisod. It is now preserved in the archive of the Soldiers' 
Monument at .fasper. The guard about the flag in the engraving are a few of the survivors of Co. K., 
now living at Jasper. The members shown in the picture are Conrad Eckert. Josejih Schroeder. Mathias 
Schmidt, George Mehringer, Joseph Koelle, and Anton Berger. from left to right in the order named. 

ulation was io,ooo men, women anil 
children. It was to commemorate the 
patriotism of these men that the hand- 
some soldiers' monument was erected 
in the public square at Jasper, upon 
the spot where the young ladies of 
Jasper had presented to the soldiers of 
iS6i a fine flag to follow on the 
southern field of battle. The arrange- 
ments for building the monument were 
made on the evening of January ii, 
1893, at the court-house, at Jasper, 
where the following organization was 
effected at a public meeting: Perma- 
nent organization: Chairman, John 
S. Barnett ; Secretary, John Gramels- 
pacher ; Assistant Secretary, George 
R. Wilson ; Ti'easurer, George Meh- 
ringer; Executive Committee, John 
S. Barnett, John P. Salb, W. S. 
Hunter, Com ad Eckert, and William A. Traylor. 

Articles of voluntary association were filed with the secretary of state, 
February 17, 1893. The work began September 19, 1S93. The monu- 
ment cost $5,000. Prof. Michael F. Durlauf, was the architect and builder. 


Co. I, 49th Ind. Vols. Elected captain Nov. -1, isni, 
at Jasper, Ind., and served during the war. Mus- 
tered into service Nov. 21, 18(il. Capt. Alles .served 
many years as trustee of Hall townshij) and as 
county commissioner of Dubois Countv. 



The monument had its origin through a visit paid to the battlefield of Gettys- 
burg, September, 1S92, by some members of the organization. 

The monument was unveiled and dedicated on Wednesday, October 17, 
1894. Addresses were made by Hon. Claude Matthews, governor of In- 


The engraving is the work of Dr. Mat Kempt", a native of Ferdinand, Dubois County, Indiana, now 
an artist on the New Vork World. 

diana ; Col. I. N. Walker, Commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public ; Hon. A. M. Sweeney, clerk of the supreme court; Gen. John Meh- 
ringer, ex-auditor of Dubois County, and others. It was a day long to be re- 
membered, for its music, parades, soldiers and addresses. 




When the tocsin of war soundorl the alarm, 
Over tlie hill-top, valley, villaRe and farm; 
From the green hills of Dnl)ois County they came 
To march, to fight, to defend their country's 

Quietly tliey quartered at Camp Edmon.ston 
And (hilled from morn until set of sun. 
On Reider's Ifill they liid farewell to mother, 
Si.ster, sweetheart, father and younger brother. 
Right-about-face! Forward! Our two thousand 

Went to fight for this nation; to right a wrong. 
Did they do their duty'.' Ask the generals 
Who guided the armies of the Federals; 
Round the banners of our country and our might 
They taught the South ell the beauties of the 

All were true boys-in-blue, full of pride and 

For they fought under McClellan, Grant and 

Also with Burnsides, Hooker, Rosecrans and 

Sherman, 2<Iorgan, Thomas, nearly all indeed. 
If this generation thinks they went for fun? 
Ask the boys who fought at the second Bull Run; 
At Cold Harbor, Antietam. and Malvern Hill, 
Resacca, Seven Pines and Chaneellorsville. 
They fought at Black River and Chattanooga, 
Also, at Lookout Mountain and Chickanniuga, 
And, at this distant day it makes one shiver, 
To read of fights at ShilOh and Stone River, 
At New Hope Church, Mission Ridge and Cham- 
pion Hill. 
At<'edar Mountain, Franklin Pike and Nash- 
Viek^sburg, Fredericksburg and Fort Donaldson 
They did their duty with cannon, sword and 

Thev went out as bovs. We read of them as men 

Prom Gettysburg down to 'Island Number Ten;' 
Kenesaw Mountain or wherever it may be, 
Yes. in the march "from Athinta to the Sea." 
Down from the mountains of the Alleghany 
They drove Lee to stand at Spottsylvania, 
Then bade farewell to Old Virginia's rocks. 
After his surrender at .Vppomattox. 
If you lived here long, no d<)u))t you have heard 
Of the twenty-seventh and twenty-third, 
And all the otlu-rs as on the list they run, 
From one hundred forty-three to number one. 
You heard of "Company B" and all of them 
From "Comj)any A'' down tf) "Company M" 
Of the calvary three, nine, ten, thirteen! 
And all the men that <lrank from the same can- 
There were privates. oflBeers; all volunteers; 
They went as footmen, marines, cavaliers: 
And while they over the fighting .South did 

Their wives, sistersand mothers stayed at home. 
Stayed at home'? Yes, indee<l! but not in vain; 
They worked as best they could with might and 

And every letter was re-read in tears, 
For fear it re-told sad news of fighting dears. 
There were women who worked with weeping 

For "their thoughts went south as each day 

passed by. 
To distant husbands, fathers brothers, and sons 
Marching through the South, with knap.sacks, 

swords and guns. 
Yes. I stand for all the soil, on which I rest. 
For mv countrv's women who worked their 

For heaven above, and for my own boys so true. 
Who fought for their old flag— The fed, white 

and blue. 




In the early days of the settlement of almost any territory, the means of 
transportation was water, either ocean, bay, lake or river. Nearly all the 
older, larger cities in the United States have water communication, not now 
exclusively used, but such communication had much to do with their settle- 
ment and prosperity. 

So with the settlement of Dubois County. Portersville and Jasper, each 
in its turn, becaiije the county seat, because a river was at hand. White and 
Patoka Rivers served for many years as a means of transporting products of 
the county to Memphis, New Orleans, and other cities in the lower country. 
Flat boats — long, narrow, low crafts— propelled by hand-power, and the 
natural flow of the over-flowed rivers carried staves, hoop-poles, bacon, 
beans, corn, flour, dried fruits and various other products. They usually 
left Jasper or Portersville during the high waters incident to the spring 
rains. They were a means of giving strong young men an opportunity of 
seeing something of the world. 

In 1819, Col. Simon Morgan and Jacob Harbison took a flat-boat load 
of pork from Portersville to New Orleans, and returned on foot, a distance 
of more than seven hundred miles. In those days there were but few 
steamboats on the Mississippi River. 

After i860, small steamboats occasionally carried products from Porters- 
ville. These two styles of boats carried products out of the county. The 



manufactured articles and groceries were carried by wagon to the county 
from Troy and Loogootee ; or, Louisville, by way of the pike at Paoli. 

A railroad was finally built from Rockport to Jasper, and the first loco- 
motive and train came to the county seat on February 14. 1879. It was a 
great day for Jasper, schools dismissed and the children headed by their 
teachers and a brass band, went down to the track to see the train arrive and 
wonder at its dignity. The band played "Hail Columbia! Happy Land" 
until one of the pupils fell into the big drum. All voted the locomotive the 
biggest and best valentine ever received at Jasper. Toward the construction 
of this road Bainbridge township, and her citizens gave $37,800. They had 
been agitating the question of railroad communication since the close of the 
Civil War. 

A few years later the main line of the Louisville, Evansville & St. 
Louis Railroad was built through the county, thus giving a better means of 

The county was originally covered with a dense forest of walnut, oak, 
poplar, beech, ash, gum, hickory, and many other hard wood trees. Its 
timber was excellent, and more than $3,000,000 worth was disposed of. 
The forests gradually fell under the swing of the woodman's axe. Thou- 
sands of trees were cut down and destroyed by fire to clear the land for culti- 
vation. Many were cut into saw-logs and floated down the rivers to the tim- 
ber markets of the south. After the construction of the railroads, train-loads 

after train-loads of staves, cross-ties, and 
lumber were shipped east; much of it to 

That part of Dubois county lying west 
of a straight Ime drawn from Haysville, on 
White river, and passing the Ackerman, 
Hopkins and Alexander school-houses, 
down to Patoka river, is the garden 
spot of the county. Here lie its valua- 
ble farm lands. The middle portion 
of the country contains its factories, and 
the eastern part its timber interest. 

On the north, Wh'te river passes 
along the county, over a meri'dional dis- 
tance of about twelve miles. Patoka 
river flows through the county from east to west. It is a very sluggish stream, 
and when its banks are half full its fall is less than one foot in a mile. It 
flows for nearly one hundred miles through Dubois County. 

The county has many coal beds. All that are worked are operated by 
slopes, except at Huntingburg where a shaft has been dug. Some of the 
coal is excellent. 

At St. Anthony is one of the largest and best brown stone quarries in 
the state. A layer of this stone begins near the Tretter school house in 
Ferdinand township and extends north to near Dubois. 

In the various factories of the county are manufactured organs, sucker- 
rods, handsome colored pressed brick, shmgles, veneers, secretaries or desks, 
engines, boilers, bicycles, spokes, headings, staves, hoops, furniture, and 
many other things that are shipped to many parts of the world. 

The Dubois County telephone puts the different towns of the county in 
dnect vocal communication. It was erected in 1896. 

The population of Dubois County is now about 25,000. Its wealth is 
estimated at $10,000,000.00. 

A Boone Township Home. Residence of 
Ex-Sheriff Albert H. Traylor, four miles 
west of where his great grandfather built the 
first log cabin in Dubois County. 





Toivnships. About 1841, Dubois County was divided into five town- 
ships. They were called Harbison, Bainbridge, Columbia, Hall and Patoka. 
In 1S44, Ferdinand township was created out of parts of Hall and Patoka. 


This mill stands where Eiilow's Mill stood when Jasiier heeaiiie the eoniily seat. At the mill end of 
the bridge stood an old house in which the liaptists held their first church services at Jasper. Not fur 
down the river from the other end of the bridge stood the cabin in which the tirst Catholic services at 
Jasper were held. The bridge shown in the picture is the first iron one erected in the connly. On the 
river below tlie mill f^at-boats were loaded with flour, bacon, beans, hoop-poles, etc., and floated down 
to Memphis or New Orleans as late as 1870. The water in the picture is 123 feet below Lake Erie, and -150 
feet above sea level. 

These six, with but 
minor changes, consti- 
tuted the sub-divisions 
of the county, until 1874, 
when the county board 
of the commissioners 
re-organized the county 
into twelve townships 
as follows: Columbia, 
Harbison, Boone, Mad- 
ison, Bainl>ridge, Ma- 
rion, Hall, Jefferson, 
Jackson, Patoka, Cass, 
and Ferdinand. These 
are bounded as shown 
on the county map 
found elsewhere in thi- 
little volume. 

Jasper. The location 
of Jasper was selected 
for the express purpose 
of a county seat. Enlow 
donated a part of the , ... ,„„,•,,,. . ,^.o -nn 

* Jasper Artesian Well, drilled at a cost of S2,o00. 

ground in the very year dieiual purposes, original depth 1,009 feet. 

Water used for uie- 

D A Y I E S S 



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DAVIESS c c:» 

4. w. MA R Tjl N C O . R.3.W. 







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he entered it. It was surveyed and platted by County Surveyor Hosea 
Smith, of Pike County, in September, 1830. This was the same surveyor 
that laid out the first county seat — Portersville, in 181S. 

People who owned lots in Portersville exchanged for Jasper lots. The 


Member of the Indiana State Legislature for Dubois County in IS^g. Died at Louisville, Ky., in 1880. 
while professor of surgery in the Kentucky School of Medicine. The above engraviug was executed 
by his son, Dr. Matthew Kempf. 

law permitted this. In 1818, a grist mill is said to have been built, where 
the present one now stands, at the steel bridge across Patoka River. Many 
additions have been added to Jasper, and the original 103 acres form but a 



small portion of the town. The town was incorporated in March, iS66. In 
1872 and 1S91 the public school building now used was erected. In 1S93, a 
high school department was established. Jasper is on the Patoka River, (a 
slow, sluggish stream) but its death rate stands among the very lowest in'the 
state of Indiana, The town has many manufacturing establishments, many 

fine residences, one of the largest stone churches in the state, water works, 
electric lights, college, academy, etc. Jasper was re-surveyed, and a grade 
plan was established in 1S75, by August Pfafflin, civil engineer. 

In 1830, while Jasper was being surveyed it was called Eleanor, in honor 




Bom August 14, 1779, in Washingtou County, 
Maryland. Founded the city of Hunting- 
burg in the year 1837, where he died, January 
2, 1857. Hisremains are at in Fairmount 
Cemetery, southwest of Huutiugburg. 

of the wife of Joseph Enlow. Mrs. Enlow objected to the name, and requested 
that the new town be called Jasper — the name of a precious stone, noticed by 
her while reading in her Bible. Her wishes were complied with, and all the 
records, maps and documents of the town bear the name of Jasper. 

Huntingburg. Huntingburg is the only city in the county. The land upon 
which it is situated was entered by Jacob Geiger, on Saturday, November ii, 

1837. Previously he had entered the re- 
maining part of sec. 34, township 2 south, 
range 5 west. He then lived in Louis- 
ville, Ky. He came to Dubois County 
about 1840. He gave lots for schools, 
churches and for the cemetery at the 
southeast end of the city. Huntingburg 
like all other towns or cities, has a large 
number of additions. As a town it was 
incorporated in March, 1S66. It is at the 
junction of a branch with the main line 
of the Louisville, Evansville & St. Louis 
Railroad. It has many churches, some 
handsome, and a full quota of fine resi- 
dences, water-works, improved streets, 
etc. The Dubois County fair grounds 
lie southeast of the city. The fair was 
established in 1SS7. 

Huntingburg was laid out and platted in 
1837. It is said to be so named because 
Mr. Geiger was fond of hunting there. A re-survey of the town was 
made November 26, 1S54, by Jacob Marendt, county surveyor; in August 
1866, by Surveyor Sandusky Williams, 
and in 1874, by August Pfafflin, a civil 

Ferdinand. The plat of this town has 
the following in the German language 
neatly written upon it: 

"Plan of the town of Ferdinand, in 
the North American free state of Indiana, 
Dubois County, established January 8, 
1840, 'in honor of His Majesty, Ferdi- 
nand I, Emperor of Austria, and ded- 
icated to His Highness, by Joseph Kun- 
deck. Missionary General, Vicar of Vin- 
cennes, Indiana." 

This missionary general is a man well 
identified with the early history of Du- 
bois County. Perhaps no man has ever 
lived in Dubois County whose influence 
and life-work have gone farther than his 
for the welfare of this county. He was 
the pastor of the Catholic churches at 
Troy and at Jasper, in the "forties." 
In those days all shipping to and from 
Jasper, was by way of Troy, on the 
Ohio River. It was a long way, and 
Ferdinand was established as a resting 

Ferdinand's congregation— the largest in the 


rri8T()RV AM) AKT S()(tvEMR 



place for man and beast. He bought the land of the United States in January 
and December, 1S39, ^"d had it platted, and then went to Louisville, Cin- 
cinnati, and Pittsburg, and urged settlers to come to his newly established 

Ferdinand is one of the substantial towns of Dubois County. Its build- 
ings are of a high grade, and its citizens need no peace officers. It is the best 


tobacco market in the county. Its church has the finest interior in the 
county ''St. Joseph's Home for the Poor" shows its charity. Ferdinand 
has a foundry and machine-shops that give employment to many men 

The Convent of the Immaculate Conception at Ferdinand, was founded 
in 1867 At first, the Sisters of the Order of St. Benedict, lived in a house 
not far from the church of St. Ferdinand. In the year 186S, Rev. Chrvsos- 



torn Foffa, O. S. B., laid the coiner stone to a larger adjoining building, 
which was completed two years later. However, after several years, the 
community increasing so rapidly, the erection of a new building was contem- 
plated. Accordingly, the work was begun in 1883. In 18S7 the main build- 

ing was completed at a cost of $80,000. The work was directed by the Rev, 
Eberhard Stadler, O. S. B., who, with a never-wearying solicitude has 
a special interest in the spiritual as well as temporal welfare of the com- 
munity. The building rests on a gentle eminence, over-looking the 
town of Ferdinand, and is built in the form of a rectangle, 186 by 160 feet. 
The grounds inside are divided by the chapel, which is located in the center. 
The community, at present, consists of ninety-one Sisters. The majority of 



these at this time, labor at nineteen mission-places in the diocese of Vin- 
cennes, conducting in all, fifteen public and twenty-nine parochial schools, 
besides an academy, which is in connection with the convent. On account of 
its retirement and salubrity, the site is well adapted for an institution of learn- 


Recess at tbe Academy for Young Ladies, Ferdinand. 

ing. The course of instruction in the academy includes every useful and 
ornamental branch of female education, while the most untiring attention is 
paid to the moral and polite deportment of the pupils. Another acad- 
emy, under the direction of these Sisters will soon be opened at West In- 



Holland. Henry Kunz was the founder of Holland. The plat bears date of 
May 20, 1S39, and is signed "Henry Kunz, Proprietor." Mr. Kunz was 

the leading merchant of 
the town he established, 
for thirty years. He set- 
tled at this place when 
it was a primeval forest, 
and was for years its fore- 

Birdseye View of Convent, Ferdinand. 


Korii in Diiliois County Oot. :U, 1830, (iied Dec. 11, 
18(54. Taught school in Dubois County fourteen 
years, served the county six years as county sur- 
veyor, and represented the county in the General 
As.sembly of 18G3. He was a good surveyor and 

most citizen. It is now a good town, 
located in a rich township, has 
many well kept homes, churches^ 
and good schools. Holland is in Cass 
township. This township has many 
substantial farmers, whose houses and 
immense barns are characteristics. The 
town of Holland was surveyed and 
platted by Benj. R. Kemp, county sur- 
veyor, on May 5 and 6, 1S59. 

Ireland. This town is situated four 
miles northwest of Jasper. It was first 
called American City, and its settlers 
were proud of its name and location. 
The name American City was borne by 
another village and to prevent loss of 
mail, the name was changed to Ireland, 
in honor of the nativity of John Stewart, who bought the land of 
the United States, on December 33, 1816, a short time after 
Indiana became a state. John Stewart died in the fall of 1S43. 
His son James, and four others laid out the town. The map bears date of 
May 20, 1S65, but the place was a small sized village many years be- 
fore that. Ireland has parochial, common, and high schools, three 
churches, and many lodges. The Masons, Odd Fellows, and Red Men 


The founder of Holland, born in Rhinish, 
Bavaria, Germany, Oct. 12, 1824. Died at 
Holland, January 22, 1885. 





own more improved real estate at Ireland than at any other place in the 

Birdseye. The map of this town bears date of 
Jan. 24, iSSo, but it was a trading point for 


One of the founders of Ireland. Born Get. 4, 
1814. Died Nov. 12, 1874. His fatlier, .lohn 
Stewart, entered the land upon whieh Ire- 
land stands. 


Scenes in Birdseye. Koeroer & Zimmers' Store. Erected, 1893. 



many years before. Its present growth 
is due to the construction of the Air 
Line railroad. It is in the timber 
belt of Dubois County, and is a good 
shipping point for cross-ties, hoop-poles, 
staves and lumber. Birdseye was the 
name of the postoffice which was estab- 
lished in 1846. The town was in- 
corporated on Dec. 3, 1883. Its corporate 
limits cover four hundred acres. About 
nine o'clock on Sunday night, August 
20, 1893, the town was almost totally 
destroyed by fire. Previous to this fire the 
town saw much fighting and litigation. It 
now has some of the best equipped store- 
rooms and offices, and some of the finest 
residences in the county. The town has 
two churches and three schools. Topo- 
graphically, the town stands the highest in 
the county. 

Schnellville. This town is situated on 
land sold for school purposes by the state 
on March 11, 1846. In 1864, Henry 
Schnell began a store there, and on No- 
vember 27, 1865, he laid out and platted 
the town of Schnellville. He now ( 1896) 
lives in the town he established, and saw 

Commissioner Henry Schnell. 

Boru in Germany, October 22, 1821. Served 
in Co. I, 49th Ind. Vols., for four years. Took 
part in the siege of Vicksburg, and the battle 
of Port Gibson. Champion Hill and others. 
Laid out the towu of Schnellville in 1865, and 
served thirteen years as county commissioner 
and trustee. 

Residence of Mr. Jos. E. Buctiart, Merchant, Schnellville, Ind. 


grow from one or two houses to a nice little village. It has a flourmill, 
sawmill, tobacco warehouse, furniture shops, church, schools, and other 
evidences of prosperity. 

Bretzville. The map of this town bears date February 8, 1866, but it 
was settled about 1850, by William Bretz, father of the man who laid out 
the town. The map shows its original name to have been the "Town of New 
Town," but its similarity to Newton caused the goverment to request a r^ew 
name when a postoffice was wanted, hence it now bears the name of 



its founder. The name was changed on record in June, 1S73. It is a 
hamlet on the Louisville, Evansville & St. Louis Railroad. It has a church 

and school. Sandusky 
Williams was the sur- 

Haysville. On April 
30, and oil October i, 
1816, and again on No- 
vember 28, 1817, Joseph 
Kelso entered land 
where Haysville now 
stands. The original 
plat of Haysville is not 
known to be in ex- 
istence. It is said to 
have been laid out in 
1835 by Moses Kelso, 
and named after Willis 
Hays, its first mer- 
chant. On January 3, 1S93, Henry Berger, then 'the surveyor of Dubois 
County, made a plat of the town from a survey he had previously made. 
The town is prosperous, and is surrounded by many fertile farms. It lies in 
section 35, township i north, range 5 west, andone-half mile south of the east 

Liithera Church and Parsonage at Bretzville. 


fork of White River. Toussaint Dubois Springs lie two miles southwest of 
this place. Buck Shoals silver mines lie on the banks of White River, a 
short distance above the town. The discovery of a trace of silver there about 
ten years ago caused much excitement and speculation. A new addition 
was then laid out to the town. 

The German Evangelical Lutheran St. Paul's Church at Haysville, was 



Started more than fifty years ago ; its constitution was framed by Rev. John 
Herrmann, and adopted on October 15, 1848. From 1853 to 1882, Rev. 
Christian Nix served the church. He was succeeded by Rev. Adolphus Baur, 
who served two years, Rev. John Lautenschlager succeeding. In 1890, Rev. 
Henry Grabau was called, succeeded on July 6, 1893, by the present pastor. 
Rev. Julius J. Keerl, who had been minister of the German Lutheran Eman- 
uel's Church near Kellerville, this county, from 1889 to 1893. The corner 
stone of the present church was laid December 15, 1867, and the edifice dedi- 
cated September 13, 1868. In 1894, a new constitution was adopted, the 
church house enlarged and its interior remodeled ; a large pipe organ was 
dedicated December 33, 1894. The congregation is in a flourishing condi- 
tion, numbers 190 voting members, has a property valued at about $6,000, 
and a parochial school with an average attendance of fifty children. The 
present pastor, Rev. Julius J. Keerl, Ph.D., was born, 1855, in Bavaria, 

Haysville Church. Interior View. 

Germany, and came to America in 188S, after having studied theology and 
philology at the universities of Erlangen, Tubingen, and Munich. He then 
taught as private instructor in Germany, and made extensive voyages in Aus- 
tria, Italy, Greece, Turkey, and for over two years was teacher in Egypt, 
Africa. From there he traveled through the Holy Land, Syria, and Asia 
Minor. After his arrival in the United States he served a German congrega- 
tion in the state of New York, and came to Indiana in October, 1889. 

Hillham. On November 18, 1836, George Wineinger purchased one 
hundred twenty acres, where Hillham now stands, of the United States. 
John A. Wineinger began a store there in 1850. A post office was established 
in i860. The town is situated in the northeast corner of Dubois County, 
being but one-half mile from Martin County, and the same distance from 
Orange County. Hillham has not been established as a town ; no survey 
and plat have been made. It has a church and several stores and mills. 

Crystal. This is a hamlet, situated on the line of sections 21 and 28, 




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township I north, range 3 west, in Columbia township. It has a school, 
store, church, and post office, and from present indications is destined to 
grow, and remained established. The post office of Crystal was established 
October 9, 1SS9. 

Portersville. On September 19, 1814, Jacob Lemmon's money paid for 
the land on which Portersville now stands, and he received from the govern- 
ment a large parchment bearing the name of James Madison, President of 
the United States. It called for 445 acres. A part of this land was selected 
for the first county seat of Dubois County (1S18.) Surveyor Smith of Pike 
County laid out the town, but the map he made has been lost. In October, 
1879, Henry Berger, county surveyor, re-surveyed, re-platted, and 

re-established the corners 
of the town. In its early 
davs Portersville was a 
properous little village, 
court was held there, 
and soldiers frequently 
mustered there. From 
the foot of one of its 
streets barges, flatboats, 
and small steamboats 
carried away the products 
of the surrounding farms. 
Kellerville. Kellerville 
is a hamlet that lies 
at the southwest cor- 
ner of section 36, town- 
ship I north, range 4 
„ west. It has no map. 

Emanuel's Lutheran Church, Kellerville, 1878. t ■ 1 1 1 

It IS located near the 
"Governor's Trace," and about half way between Haysville and Crystal. 
One mile east of the Kellerville post office stands a fine Lutheran church 
and parsonage. In the northeast quarter of the northwest quarter of sec- 
tion 2, south of Kel- 
lerville stands the Eman- 
uel Lutheran church. It 
was organized under 
Rev. C. Risch, in 1853. 
The present church was 
erected in 1863, under 
Rev. C. Trauth. The 
tower was added in 1S78, 
under Rev. A. Sterger. 
The congregation con- 
sists of about two hun- 
dred communicant mem- 
bers. Rev. H. Heese- 
mann is the present min- 
ister. A picture of the 
church is shown above. 

Dubois. This town is 
frequently called Knox- 
ville. Its legal name and post office is Dubois. Shiloh Poison, in 1836, and 
his son, Robert S. Poison, in 1S37, entered most of the land upon which 

The Town of Dubois. Marion 'I'ow'nsliip on the lel'i; Harbison 
Township ou the right. Hon. Frank Piunick and Capt. J. J. Alles 
stand in the center'of the street in the distance. 



the town is situated. This place has been called Knoxville for many years 
and the name seems attached. The town lies in two townships; the line be- 
tween Harbison and Marion townships is the center line of the principal 
street, and if the town continues to g^row east it will not be long until part of 
it will be in Columbia township. This is one of the youngest and most 
prosperous towns in the county. If it secures a railroad it will be one of 
the most important points in the county. It is on the left hand bank of 
Patoka River. It has had a saw and gristmill for many years. It was surveyed 


and platted as a town by George R. Wilson, county surveyor, on November 
5 and 6, 1SS5. Dubois is a business town ; has a Methodist Episcopal church, 
and is an educational center for the surrounding territory. 

Celestine. The town of Celestine is in the southeast quarter of section 
31, township I south, range 3 west, and it is the principal point in Hall town- 
ship. Part of the land was bought of the United States, October 4, 1843, by 
Rev. Joseph Kundeck, its founder. He was also its only pastor from 



1844 until 1S53. A brick church was erected in 1864. In 1896, this was 
torn down and a handsome one erected, as shown in the engraving. The 
town was surveyed and platted by Benjamin R, Kemp, county surveyor. 
The plat was acknowledged by Rev. Joseph Kundeck on the 16th day of 
November, 1S43. The town is named in honor of Rt. Rev. Celestine Rene 
Lawrence De La Hailandiere, second bishop of the Vincennes diocese. 

Ellsworth. The little town of Ellsworth bears date of June i, 1885, on 
which day it was surveyed and platted by George R. Wilson, county sur- 
veyor, at the request of James M. Ellis, who held title to the land. A post 
office had previously been established, and Mr. Ellis was the postmaster, and 
principal merchant. It is in part of the west half of the southwest quarter of 
section 14, township i south, range 3 west, in Hall township. Zachariah 

■ifi St. Anthony Church and Parsonage. 

Nicholson bought the land of the United States on May 4, 1837, and on Oc- 
tober 12, 1 848. 

St. Anthony. This town was first called St. Joseph, but its name was 
changed in order to secure a post office. Its plat bears date of April 10, 
i860, and calls the town St. Joseph. The original town covers the east half 
southwest quarter of northwest quarter of section 36, township 2 south, range 
4 west. Joseph Reuber entered the land July 20, 1S39. It was government 
land. On April 4 and 5, i860., Benj. F. Kemp, surveyed the town. The 
land was donated by John Riber, and deeded to the trustees of the St. John's 
congregation of the Catholic Church. A Catholic congregation was estab- 
lished at St. Anthony in 1864. A log church and a log parsonage were 
built in that year. On February 25, 1868, while trees were being cut down 
near the church Father Meister was struck by one of them, and died in a few 



hours. He was the first pastor. A handsome stone cliurch, 50 feet by 106 ,has 
been erected, and one of the handsomest and best equipped dwellings in the 
county is the parsonage. A half mile west of St. Anthony is one of the largest 
and best brown stone quarries in the state of Indiana. It employs many men, 
and its out-put adorns the fronts of many of the handsomest buildings in the 
Mississippi valley. A spur of the Louisville, Evansville & St. Louis Rail- 
road conveys the large stones to market. One stone frequently weighs all a 
railroad flat car can carry. 

iVlaltersville. This is a little place laid out by Mrs. Anna Barbara Mal- 
ter, D-icember 17, 1867. It has no post office, and is little more than the 
crossing of two public highways. 

Miliersport. This point is the northwest quarter of the southwest quarter, 
section 14, township 3 south, range 6 west, in Madison township. It was 
surveyed on February 3, 4 and 5, 1859, by Benj. R. Kemp, county sur- 
veyor. Forty acres were divided into one hundred lots and suitable streets, 
including a public square of one acre in the center. There is no post office 

and really no town. The place is used 
for a farm. Circumstances combined 
to prevent it becoming a town. Stephen 
McDonald Miller was the founder. 

Duff. This place is situated on the 
Louisville, Evansville & St. Louis Rail- 
road, in Patoka township. Robert Small 
is jts founder, as a town. The post office 
had been established for many years 
before town lots were sold. The town 
plat bears date of April 9, 1883. It has 


two churches. Duff is named in honor 
of Col. B. B. Edmonston, who when a 
boy was called "Col. Duff," from his 
military inclinations in drilling his com- 
panions as soldiers. 

Kyana. This town is an out-growth 
of the construction of the Louisville, 
Evansville & St. Louis Railroad. It 
was founded by the Louisville Mining & kyana SCHOOL. 

Manufacturing Company, and bears the 

abbreviation of its home state, and the termination of the state in which it is 
located. It has a new church building and a new school house. It is a good 



shipping point. Its original plat bears date August ii, 1882. It was re- 
surveyed and the corners established in 1887, by George R. Wilson, county 
surveyor. Its deeds contain a clause to prevent the sale of intoxicants. 

St. Marks. M. B. Cox was the founder of St. Marks. T. P. Parrent, 
an Air Line civil engineer, first surveyed the town in 1872, but his survey was 
lost, and it was re-surveyed and establised by George R. Wilson, December, 
1882. Great things were looked for of this town, when first laid out, but lots 
fell in price, and the place lay dormant until the final construction of the rail- 
road. It has no church, no school, and no post office. St. Anthony supplies 
these and St. Marks in return is St. Anthony's railroad station. 

1 and 2— St. Heury Catholic Church. 4— St. Henry Graded School. 

3— Castrup School House, No. 4. Erected 1896. 5— Holland Graded School. 

6— Bruner School House, No. 3. Erected, 1894. 

St. Heory. The plat of this town reads, "The Town of St. Henry or 
Henryville." The post office is St. Henry, and it is better to so call the town 
to distinguish it from Henryville, Clark County, Indiana. Mr. Fisher is its 
founder, though the main business part of the town is not on the plat of the town, 
which is dated September 22, 1874. A Catholic church was established at 
St. Henry in 1862. A stone church was built that year. The Evansville 
and Jasper branch of the Louisville, Evansville & St. Louis Railroad passes 
one mile and a quarter west of the town. Its station is called Ferdinand, 




and Ferdinand station is Johnsburg post office. Henry Bruner lived near 
here. He was one of the first settlers in Cass township. He was an expert with 

his long rifle and hundreds of deer, 
bears, and other wild game fell at his 
shot. Mr. Bruner was one of the best known 
hunters that ever "drew a bead" in 
the early days in Dubois County. 

Mentor. Francis M. Sanders is the 
founder of this town. He was a great 
admirer of President Garfield, and 
named the town in his honor. Henry 
Berger was the surveyor. The post 
office for this place is Altoga. It means 
"high and dry," and was so named by 
the late John M. Deinderfer, county aud- 
itor. Mentor is the main shipping sta- 
tion for Schnellville, Celestine, Ells- 
worth, and Dubois. The original plat 
of the town is dated September 29, 1881. 
Hickory Grove. This is a hamlet 
in the extreme northeast corner of Har- 
bison township. It has two churches, 
a school house, stores, and the usual 


Born in 1837, in Inueriugen, Province Holaen- 
zollcrn, (Sigmariugi'n, Prussia). He received 
his classical education in Hedingen, near 
Sigmaringeu and Maria Eiusicdeln. His 
theological studies he finished in Mainz. In 
1861, he left for America. On June 21, he 
landed at New York, and on the 29ih he ar- 
rived at St. Meinrad, Spencer County, In- 
diana. He made his profession at St. Mein- 
rad, September 8, 1863, and was ordained Jan- 
uary 2, 1864. lit. Rev. Bishop St. Palais, of Vin- 
cennes. Since July 18, 186.5, he has been pas- 
tor of St. .Joseph's congregation at Jasper. Ry 
his persistent energy the present large St. 
Joseph's church was btiilt at Jasper. 

number of dwellings incident to such set- 
tlements. For many years the post 
office was known as Hickory Grove. It is 
known as Thales P.O. since January 19, 




Clerk of the Circuit Court. — The 
clerk's term of office is four years. He When hejjrepresented Dubois Countyoin; the 

can not serve more than eight years in state Legislature in i867. 
any twelve. It is his duty to keep a record of the proceedings of the court, 
and issue all writs of the court. He issues marriage licenses and records 
the marriages as reported to him by the ministers and other parties em- 
powered to solemnize marriages. He may appoint administrators, receives 



and records various bonds ; is trustee of the county library, keeps a register 
of physicians, and various other work. At one time he also served as clerk 
of the common pleas court, and probate court. 

The following men served as clerks of Dubois County: 1818, Simon 
Morgan; 1839, B. B. Edmonston ; i860, Henry Holthaus ; 1868, B. B. Ed- 
monston ; 1876, Peter J. Gosmann ; 1884, Joseph I. Schuhmacuer; 1886, 
Ignatz Eckert ; 1894, Herman Eckert. 

County Recorder — The county recorder is eligible but eight years out 
of a period of twelve. He records deeds, mortgages, indentures, articles of 


Of Jasper, Ind.. born Oct. 1, 1850, died Aug. 6, 
188.5. Served as deputy clerk for many years; 
also as state representative. He) was 
clerk-elect of Dubois County at the time of his 
death. He was also clerk of the town of Jas- 
per for many years, and was the first teacher 
in the brick public school building in Jasper. 


Clerk, 1894. 

incorporation, town plats, maps, etc. 
He also releases mortgages and may 
make an abstract and take the acknowl- 
edgement of an indenture. This office and that of clerk were formerly held 
by the same official. 

The following men served as recorders of Dubois County: 1818, Simon 
Morgan; 1846, B. B. Edmonston; 1852, J. B. Pf aff ; 1856, Stephen Jerger ; 
1862, August Litschgi : 1870, Geo. J. Jutt; 1878, John G. Leming; 1882, 
Nenian Haskins ; 1890, Brittain Leming ; 1894, Theodore Stephenson, 1894, 
Phillip DiUy. 

County Treasurer — His term is two years. He may serve four years 
out of a period of six years. He receives and has charge of all county funds, 
and pays out the same on orders issued by the county auditor. The county 
treasurer collects all the state, county, and township taxes, and may collect 
taxes for an incorporated town. Twice in each year he makes a settlement 
with the state treasurer and pays to him the taxes due the state from this 
county. The county treasurers of Dubois County have for many years been 
the first to make their settlements with the state. 



The following men have served as treasurers of Dubois County: 1852, 
Dominick Erny ; 1854, Edward Stephenson; 1858, B. R. Niehaus; i860, 
Theodore Sonderman ; 1863; Edward Stephenson; 1867, William Bretz ; 
1872, Edward Stephenson; 1S74, James E. Spurlock; 1878, Ig^natz Eckert ; 
1882, Wm. H. Bretz; 1886, Christ. H. Rudolph; 1890, Jacob Burger; 1894, 
Edward A. Bohnert. 

County Surveyor — His term is two years, but he may be re-elected as 
often as suits the people. His duty is to make surveys, and establish lines 
and corners for persons owning land in the county who may call on him for 
that purpose. His surveys, when made for the establishment of lines and 
corners, are recorded by him. 

The following men served as surveyors of Dubois County: 1830, Gam 
Garretson ; 1852, Jacob Morendt ; 1856, Benjamin R.Kemp; 1862, JSan- 


A pioneer teacher of Ferdinand. Clerk of 
Jasper many years, and recorder of Dubois 
County from 1S70 to 1878. 


Recorder, 1894. 

dusky Williams ; 1868, Arthur Berry ; 1872, Wm. R. Osborn; 1874, Wm. 
B. Pirtle; 1876, Francis Quante ; 1878, Henry Berger; 18S2, Michael Wil- 
son ; 1884, George R. Wilson; 1888, EdPickhardt; 1890, Henry Berger; 
1894, Wm. T. Young. 

County Sheriff — Term, two years. He is eligible but four years in 
any six. He is the executive officer of the circuit court. He has charge of 
the county jail, and is responsible for the safe keeping of prisoners held by 
him. He publishes the clerk's notices of elections, and is the peace officer 
of the county. He is also the executive officer of the county commissioners' 
court. He sells property to pay debts when ordered by the circuit court. He 
is furnished a residence, and a jail in which to keep prisoners. 

The following men served as sheriffs of Dubois County: 18 18, Adam 
Hope; Thomas Hope; Joseph Clarkson ; 1824, William Ed- 



monston; 1828, Daniel Harris; 1832, B. B. Edmonston ; 1836, John Hurst ; 
1S37, James McDonald ; 1841, Thomas Wooldridge, (killed) ; 1843, H. W. 
Baker; 1847, Robert Herr ; 1849, William Mahin ; 1852, John Mehringer ; 
1856, Jacob Harmon; i860, John Weikel ; 1864, Henry Mauntel ; 1868, 

Tobias Herbig ; 1872. John Weikel; , B. B. L. Edmonston; 

1876, George Cox; 1880, Frank Joseph; i88|, George Cox; 1886, Ferd 
Schneider; 1890, Albert H. Traylor ; 1894, Henry Cassidy. 

County Coroner — His term is two years but he may serve for many 
years. His duty is to hold inquests on bodies of persons supposed to have met 
death by violence or in any unnatural manner. He files his verdict with the 
county clerk and may have the supposed murderer arrested. In cases where 
the sheriff is interested he acts as sheriff. If the sheriff is to be arrested the 
county coroner serves the warrant. Tf the sheriff should be confined in jail, 
the coroner has charge of the jail and its prisoners. Many years ago the 


Treasurer, 1894. 


County Surveyor, 1894. 

county coroner served as "fence viewer," and as the officer for the care of 
the poor. As fence viewer, he would pass upon the ability of a fence to 
keep out stock and assess the damages done by stock. 

The following men have served as coroners of Dubois County: 1824, 
D. G. Brown; 1830, John Brittain; 1832, Elijah Kendall; 1839, Abraham 
Baker; 1845, Joseph Buggs ; 1846, Willis Niblack ; 1849, Thomas Hurst; 
1851, Stephen Stephenson; 1852, Wm. H. Green, (fence viewers abolished); 
1856, William Schulterman ; i860, J. W. Taylor, 1861, Charles Kraus ; 
1863, Harvey Nicholson ; 1864, John G. Allen ;* 1866, Reinhart Rich ; 1868, 
Charles Birkemeyer; 1870, George Cox ; 1876, Michael Hochgesang ; 1880, 

Anton Krilein; 1884, Moritz Fritz; , J. C. Deinderfer; 1888, John F. 

Meinker; 1894, O. A. Bigham. 

County Assessor — This official's term is four years. He is not eligi- 
ble for re-election more than once in any term of eight years. He is super- 



visor of the work of township assessors, and may list and assess any omitted 
property. The county assessor, auditor, and treasurer, constitute the county 
board of review, or equalization. The office as now known was created in 
189 1. Lieut. W. W. Kendall was appointed by the county commissioners 
to serve until the general election of 1892, at which election he was elected 
and served until after the November election, 1896, when he was succeded 
by William H. Kuper. 

County Superintendent — His term is two years, with no time limit as 
to re-eligibility. He has charge of the common schools of the county. He 
examines and licenses teachers, and may revoke a license for cause. It is his 
duty to visit schools and to encourage education. He holds county and 
township institutes. Appeals may be taken to him from the decision of a 
township trustee. In many cases his decision is final ; in others, an appeal 


Sheriff, 1894. 


Sheriff of Dubois County, from 1S90 to 1894. 
Mr. Traylor wa.s born in Boone township, 
April 5, 18,54. 

may be taken to the state superintendent. The county superintendent is 
president of the county board of education, and has charge of the enumeration 
of the school children of the county. He is the instrument for carrying out 
the orders of the state board of education and of the state superintendent. 
He orders, receives and distributes all common school text books that are 
needed in his county. The pay for these books he receives from the trustees 
and forwards it to the book companies. He makes many reports to the state 
superintendent and to the chief of the bureau of statistics. County superin- 
tendents began to serve in 1873. Previous to that time many of their duties 
were performed by an official called the school examiner. 

The following men have served as school examiners or superintendents 
of Dubois County: 1843, John McCausland ; 1853, Rev. Joseph Kundeck, 
Rev. A. J. Strain and George W. Fallon; 1857, Rev. Joseph Kundeck, 
Rev. A. J. Strain atid S. J. Kramer; 1858, Rev. A. J. Strain, Stephen 
Jerger and S. J. Kramer; 1859, Rev. A. J. Strain, William Hays and John 



B. Beckwerment ; i860, William Hayes, J. B, Beckwerment and Henry 
Holthaus; 1861, Rev. A. J. Strain; 1873, E. R. Brundick. (Here the law 
was changed and the county superintendent took charge.) The county 
superintendents were as follows: 1873, E. R. Brundick; 1879, Rev. 
George C. Cooper; 1881, Hon. A. M. Sweeney; 1889, George R. 

County Auditor — His term is four years and he may serve eight years 
in any twelve. He is clerk of the commissioners' court. He makes the tax 
duplicates and delivers them to the county treasurer. The county auditor has 
charge of the school funds of the county and loans them upon lands in the 
county. He transfers real estate before deeds are recorded. Manv reports 


Surveyor from 1S78 to 1882, and from 1S90 to 
1894. Born in the towu of Sclden, Baden, 
Europe, July 9, 1845. Educated at St. Mein- 
rad. Served in Co. E., 143 lud. Vol. Inf. 


Born in Northumberland County, England, 
Oct. 3, 1834. The pioneer miner of Dubois 
County. Assisted in the geological survey of 
Dubois county under State Geologist Cox. 
County surveyor in 1882 and 1883. 

are made by the county auditor to the state auditor and other state officials. 
This is the most responsible office in the county, and the good record Dubois 
County has made in not being in debt is due to the efficiency of her county 

The following men have served as auditors of Dubois County: B. B. 
Edmonston ; 1852, Dr. Samuel B. McCrillus ; 1856, John Mehringer; 1863, 
Theodore Sonderman ; 1867. Martin Friedman; 1870, August Litschgi ; 
•1874, J. Michael Deinderfer; 1878, I. Schuhmacher; 1886, John Gramel- 
spacher; 1894, August H. Koerner. 

Secretary of the County Board of Health — The county commission- 
ers are ex-officio the county board of health. They meet annually in Decem- 
ber and elect a secretary, who is the executive officer of the board, and who 
serves for one year. The county board of health promulgates and enforces 



Dr. 0. A. BIGHAM, 

Coroner, 1894. 


County Assessor, 1892. 


County Recorder from 1862 to 1870. 
Auditor from 1870 to 1874. 



County Auditor, 1852-1856. 




Couutv Auditor, from 1886 to 1894. 


Auditor, 1894. 


Auditor of Dubois County, from 1867 to 1870. 


Countv Auditor, from 1874 to 1878 



all rules and regulations of the state board of health. All births, deaths, 
marriages, etc., are recorded in records kept tor that purpose by the secretary. 
He endeavors to prevent the spreading of such contagious diseases as diph- 
tharia, sma)l-pox, scarlet fever, and performs various other duties, relative to 
the health of the citizens of the countv. The following men have served as 
secretaries: 1881, Dr. Toliver Wertz ; 1884. Dr. H. C. Hobbs ; 1886, Dr. 
W.H.Wells; 1887, Dr. E. J. Kempf; 1889, Dr. John P. Salb; 1891, 
Dr. B. B. Brannock. 

Names of men who have served as County Commissioners: Henry 
Enlow, Robert Oxley, John Donnell, Abraham Corn, Lewis B. Woods, 
Arthur L. Blagrave, Major T, Powers, Joseph Friedman (1847), R. M. 
Davis, Casper John, Anson Cavender, B. R. L. Niehaus, Henry Long, A. 


Born in Uiibois Countv, Feb. 14, 1843. En- 
rolled in Co. K 25th lud. Vols. Inf., Sopt. 26, 
1864, and served until June 4, 186.5. Mr. Fritz 
has served as trustee of Jackson township 
several terms, and is now serving his second 
term as countv commissioner. 


Commissioner, 1894. 

F. Kelso, Lewis Greene, Harvey 
Nicholson, R. L. Kearby, John B. 
Bickwerment, Wm. H. Greene, Robert M. Davis, Gerhard Niehaus, John 
Mehne, John G. Stallman, Samuel Main, Harrison Morgan (1874), John B. 
Gorman (1875), Joseph Shuler ( 1876), Henry Schnell, John L.Hoffman, 
Camden Cox, Wm. C. Brittain, Eli Abell, Joseph Heitz, John J. Alles, 
Samuel H. Dillon, August H. Koerner (1887), Joseph Fritz, (1893), Con- 
rad Jackie (1889), Joseph Schroeder (1894). 

^\i^ ioWo'wm^ Justices of the Peace ^ ^!i%o served as a board of county 
commissioners in 1843-5: Daniel Harris, Samuel Postlethwait, Jesse Corn, 
Jr., John Cave, John D. Noble, John Hurst, Elijah Cox, Giles N. Lansford, 
Elijah Kendall, A. B. Spradley, John Combs, Joseph Schneider, and Simon 
B. Lewis. 



The following officials, more or less county officers, served in the posi- 
tions as indicated : 

Associate Judges— ^. B, Edmonston, Sr., Ashbury Alexander, 1824; 
Edward Wood, 1830; John Niblack, 1831; Daniel Harris, 1835; Henry 
Bradley, Willis Hays; 1837; Robert Oxley, 1841 ; William Cavender, 1845, 
Thomas Shoulders, 1845; Conrad Miller, 1850. 

Probate Judges — B. B. Edmonston, Sr., 1829; Daniel Harris, 1840; 
Moses Kelso, 1841 ; A. B. Spicely, 1848. 

Common Pleas Judges — L. C. DeBruler, 1853; John J. Key, 1861 ; 
Chas. H. Mason, 1862; David T. Laird, 1863; Chas. H. Mason, 1870; 
Milton S. Mavity, 1871. (This court was abolished in 1873.) 

Circuit Judges — Jonathan Doty, 1818; Richard Daniel, 1819; James 
R. E. Goodlett. 1820; Samuel Hall, 1832; Charles I. Battell, 1835; Elisha 
Embree, 1836; James Lockhart, 1846; Alvin P. Hovey, 1853; W. E. 



Secretary County Board'oflHealth, 1891. 


County Commissioner. 

Niblack, 1854; Ballard Smith, 1858; M. F. Burke, 1859; Jas. C. Denny, 
1864; John Baker, 1865; N. F. Malott, 1871 ; O. M. Welborn, 1873; 
Wm. J. Zenor, 1893; E. A. Ely, 1895, 

The following men have represented Dubois County in the state legisla- 
ture: Richard Daniel, John Johnson, William McMahan, John Daniel, John 
Johnson, James Ritchie, Thomas C. Stewart, Geo. H. Proffit, Wm. M. 
Wright, Benjamin Edmonston, Aaron B. McCrillus, John Poison, Silas 
Davis, Geo. W. Lemonds, B. T. Goodman, H. W. Barker, John Abel, John 
S. Martin, Col. Thomas Shoulders, Dr. Matthew Kempf (1859), Benj. R. 
Kemp, B. B. Edmonston (1867), Leroy Cave, E. C. Stephenson, H. A. 
Reed, A. J. Gosman, Hart, Samuel Hargrove, James E. Walker, 


Mortnan Fisher, Bazil L. Greene, Thos. M. Clarke, E.W. Pickhadt (1889-91), 
James H. Willard, Eph Inman, John L. McGenty, VVm. A. Wilson (1S93,) 
Samuel H. Stewart, A. W. Porter (1895.) 

List of men who have served as State Senators: Isaac Montgomery, 
Daniel Robb, John Daniels, Daniel Grass, Daniel Edwards, Elisha Embree, 

Facsimile of autograph of Rev. Joseph Kundeek, School Examiner, 1853. 
(See iniges 27 aud 29.) 

Thos. C. Stewart, John Hargrave (1838), Smith Miller, Benj. R. Edmonston 
(1845), Smith Miller, B. T. Goodman, William Hawthorn, John Hargrave, 
Col. Thos. Shoulders (1861), H. A. Reed, Wm. A. Traylor (thrice), 
James H. Willard, O. A. Trippett, John Sweeney, M. A. Sweeney 

(the end) 

Copyright No. 

60774 B^ 

November 5, 1896. 





Artesian Well, at Jasper 40 

Alles, Capt. John J 36 

Bretz, Hon. John L 16 

Birdseye, Zimmer's Store 52 

Buchart, Joseph E., Residence of 53 

Bigham, Dr. O. A 72 

Bohnert, Ed A 69 

Brannock, Dr. B. B 75 

Bethel Church, Madison township 21 

Bretzville Church and Parsonage 55 

Board of Education 25 

Bruner School house, (view 6) 65 

Berger, Henry 70 

Celestine Catholic Church 62 

Court House at Portersville 17 

Court House at Jasper (first) 18 

Court House at Jasper (present) 19 

County Map inset between pages 40-41 

Cassidy Henry 71 

Convent at Ferdinand, bird's-eye view .50 

Convent at Ferdinand, recess 49 

Convent and Campus, at Ferdinand 49 

Campus of Jasper College 28 

Co. K., 27th Indiana Volunteers 36 

Cooper, Rev. George C 30 

Castrup School House (view 3) 65 

Diploma and Medal of County Schools ..31 

Dilly, Phillip 68 

Deinderfer, J. Michael 73 

Dubois, bird's-eye view 61 

Dubois Main street 59 

Dubois Springs 9 

Edmonston, Col. B. B. (in 1867) 66 

Edmonston, Col. B. B. (in 1887) 33 

Edmonston, Mrs. B. B 7 

Eckerts'Mill 40 

Eckert, Herman 67 

Fisher, Capt. Mormon 35 

Ferdinand, bird's-eye view '. 46 

Ferdinand Church, (exterior) 47 

Ferdinand Church, (interior) 48 

Friedman, Martin 73 

Fritz, Joseph 74 

Guckes, Capt. P. P 34 

Greene, Hon. B. L 67 

Geiger, Jacob 45 

Gramelspacher, John 73 

Haysville Church (exterior) 55 

Haysvi lie Church (interior) 56 

Hall Township School. 32 

Hayes, William 29 

Huntingburg, bird's-eye view 44 

Hillsboro Cumberland Presby. Church .. 21 

High School, Jasper .-23 

Holland Graded School (view 5) 65 

Ireland Cumberland Presby. Church 51 
Ireland Methodist Episcopal Church ... 52 
Ireland Catholic Church 51 

Ireland Catholic Rectory 51 

Ireland High School 51 

Jasper, bird's-eye view from southeast... 42 
Jasper, bird's-eye view from northeast— 41 

Jasper College .26 

Jail, at Jasper 20 

Jutt, George J. 68 

Jasper Methodist Episcopal Church 23 

Jackie, Conrad 75 

Kendall, Lieut. W. W. (in 1861) 33 

Kendall, Lieut. W. W. (in 1892) 72 

Kempf, Dr. Matthew 43 

Kundeck, Rev. Joseph (biography) 29 

Kundeck, Rev. Joseph (autograph).: 76 

Kyana Church 64 

Kyana School House 64 

Kellerville Church 59 

Kemp, lion. Benjamin R 50 

Koerner, August H 73 

Kunz, Henry '. 50 

Litschgi, August 72 

Lueken School House, No. 3 27 

Lemmons' Cumberland Presby. Church 57 

Morgan, Col. Simon (penmanship) 10 

Monument, Soldiers' and Sailors' 37 

McDonald, Lieut Hiram 6 

McDonald, Allen 6 

McDonald, Fort 6 

Mehringer, Brig. Gen. John 35 

McCrillus, Samuel B 72 

Maute, Rev. Fideli's 66 

Patoka River, at Frog Island 12 

Prosperity on the Farm 14 

Portersville Union Church 60 

St. Henry Catholic Church (views 1 &2)..65 

St. Henry Graded School (view 4) 65 

St. John Evangelical Church, Boone Tp .58 

St. Joseph's Church, Jasper, (new) 24 

St. Joseph's Church, Jasper, (old) 23 

Sweeney, Hon. A. M 30 

St. Anthony Church and Rectory 63 

Salems Church, at Huntingburg 22 

Schnell, Henry 53 

Stewart, James G -52 

Sprauer, Alois 13 

Sherritt Graveyard 8 

Shiloh C. P. Church and Cemetery 21 

Schroeder, Joseph 74 

Strain, Rev. A. J 29 

Schnellville, bird's-eye view .54 

Stadler, Rev. Eberhard 45 

Traylor, Albert H., Residence of 39 

Traylor. Albert H 71 

Welman, Dr. R. M 34 

Wilson, George R 30 

Wilson, Michael 70 

Young, William T 69 




Act Creating Dubois County 5 

Base Line 8 

Burning of First Court House at Jasper 18 

Birdseye, Town of 52 

Bretzville, Town of 54 

County Named 5 

County, Survey of 13 

Court House at Portersville 18 

Court House at Jasper 18-19 

County Jail 20 

County Poor Asylum 20 

Churches and Religions 20 

County Board of Education 25 

Copies of Early Licenses to Teachers 29-31 

Convent of Immaculate Conception 47 

Celestine, Town of 62 

County Officers 66 

County Auditors, List of 71 

County Assessors, List of 69 

County Clerks, List of 67 

County Coroners, List of 69 

County Commissioners, List of 74 

County Health Officers, List of 71 

County Recorders, List of 67 

County Surveyors, List of 68 

County Sheriffs, List of 68 

County Superintendents of Schools 70 

County Treasurers, List of 67 

Dubois Countv Soldiers' and Sailors' 

Monument 36-37-38 

Dubois, Town of 59 

Duff, Town of 64 

Edmonston, Col. B. B 33 

Early Settlements 5 

Edmonston, Mrs. Col. B. B 7 

Early Graves 9 

Early Riders 11 

Early Courts 11-18 

Early Land Titles 13 

Early Land Entries 16 

Early Public and Private Buildings 17 

Earlv Churches 23 

Early Text-Books 25 

Early School-Houses 25 

Early Sports 11-33 

Early Military Leaders 34 

Eckerts' Mill 40 

Ellsworth, Town of 63 

Fort McDonald 6-9-20 

Flag of Co. "K." 36 

Ferdinand, Town of 45 

Governor's Trace 5 

Garden Spot of the County 39 

Geiger Jacob 45 

Huntingburg, City of 45 

Holland, Town of 50 

Haysville, Town of 55 

Hillham 56 . 

Hickory Grove 66 

Initiating McDonald . .. 9 

Indians 9-10-13 

Ireland, Town of 50 

Jacob's School 32 

Jasper, Town of 40 

Judges, (Associate) List of 75 

Judges, (Common Pleas) List of 75 

Judges, (Circuit) List of 75 

Judges, (Probate) List of 75 

Kendall, Lieut. W. W 33 

Kundeck, Rev. Joseph 29 

Kellerville 59 

Kyana, Town of 64 

Land Offices 14 

Lueken School-House, No. 3 27 

List of Civil Townships 40 

McDonald Family 6 

Military History' 32 

Muster Fields 33 

Maltersville 64 

Millersport 64 

Mentor, Town of 66 

Morgon, Col. Simon 10 

Portersville, Town of 5-59 

Patents 15 

Products 38 

Population 39 

Representatives, List of 75 

Senators, List of 76 

Size of Dubois County 5 

Sherritt Graveyard 8 

Sociability of Pioneers 11 

Slaves 11 

Swamp Lands 13-14 

St. Joseph's Cross 24 

Schools and Education 25 

School Examiners 27 

Stone Quarries 39 

Schnellville, Town of 53 

St. Anthony, Town of 63 

St. Marks, Town of 65 

St. Henry. Town of 65 

Trials and Hardships 8 

Toussaint Dubois 5-9-10-15 

Traylor, Albert H. (residence) 39 

Transportation 38-39-40 

Volunteers 35 

Wild Animals 10-15 

Wabash and Erie Canal 13-14 

World's Fair Diploma 31 

Wealth of the County 39