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HISTORY 



OF THE 



CAMPBELL FAMILY 



BY 



/ 

HENRY LEE 



NEW YORK 

R. L. POLK AND COMPANY, INC, 



- ^ J -' ' ' 



Copyright 1920 
R. L. Polk and Company, Inc. 



■* ^ * • • 

• * • • " • • . • . 

_ . • .. C • 



I 



AUG 3 1955 



7/ 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



PAGE 

Chapter I 7 

Origin of the name of Campbell — Diarmid o' Duibhne 
—The Clan Campbell— The Fiery Cross— "It's a Far 
"Cry to Loch Awe" — The Campbell Country. 

Chapter II 17 

Early History of the Campbells of Argyll — MacChaillan 
More — Colin Campbell, First Earl of Argyll — The 
Lordship of Lorn — "Earl of Guile' and Lord Forlorn" 
— The Argyll Tower. 

Chapter III ' 36 

The Campbells of Breadalbane, Loudoun, and Cawdor 
— Other Branches of the Clan — The Clan Maclver and 
the Clan MacArthur — The Goibhnean. 

Chapter IV 57 

Notable Campbells in Scotland during the 17th and 
1 8th Centuries — Highland Mary — The Brooch of Lorn 
— "The Campbells are Coming." 

Chapter V 69 

Early American History of the Family — Arrival of the 
first Campbells in America — Story of the Early Settlers 
— Duncan Campbell of Boston — The Boston "News 
Letter" — Captain Lauchlin Campbell. 

Chapter VI 82 

The Campbells in Revolutionary- Times — From the 
Revolution to the Civil War — Civil War Records. 

Chapter VII 105 

The Campbell Family in the United States. 

Chapter VIII 126 

Heads of the Family in Scotland — Notable Campbells 
of the British Empire. 

Chapter IX 148 

Armorial Bearings. 




PREFACE 

LL races of men seem to have an intuitive 
feeling that it is a subject of legitimate 
pride to be one of a clan or family whose 
name is written large in past history and 
present affairs. Everybody likes to know something 
about his forefathers, and to be able to tell to his 
children the tales or stories about their ancestors, 
which he himself has heard from his parents. The 
commandment "Honor thy father and thy mother" 
is good and sufficient authority for that feeling of 
reverence which is so generally shown towards a 
line of honorable ancestry. The history of the 
family was a matter of much importance to the 
Greeks; it was the custom of the early Roman to 
place in the aula of his house the images of the 
illustrious men of his family ; the Chinese go so far 
as to magnify such reverence into ancestor worship, 
and even the red Indian of our own Northwest 
recorded the traditions of his ancestors on the 
totem of his tribe. Well, then, may the story of the 
chivalry, courage and even lawlessness (so often 
the mate of courage) of their forefathers find a 
responsive echo in the hearts of Campbells of the 
present generation, "who come of ane house and 
are of ane surname, notwithstanding this lang time 
bygane." It is not intended in this "History of the 
Campbell Family'' to attempt any genealogical in- 
vestigation or show any family tree, but rather to 
tell of those bygone Campbells, in whose achieve- 

5 



6 History of the Campbell Family 

ments and history it is the common heritage of all 
who bear the name to take pride and interest. Old 
stories of Campbells of reckless bravery, of Camp- 
bells who were good and true friends and of Camp- 
bells who were fierce and bitter enemies. Stories 
of Campbells who fought hard, lived hard and died 
as they fought and lived. Those olden days may 
seem a time of scant respect for law, of misdirected 
chivalry and of brave deeds often wrongly done, 
but there is surely no true Campbell who, in his 
inmost heart, is not proud to claim descent from a 
clan whose ancient records are replete with such 
traditions; whose later records tell of those early 
adventurers who left their native hills and glens for 
the new land of promise, and whose descendants 
have, in more prosaic times, earned honors in litera- 
ture, arms and art. "It is wise for us to recur to 
the history of our ancestors. Those who do not 
look upon themselves as links connecting the past 
with the future do not fulfill their duty in the 
world.'* 




HISTORY 

OF 

THE CAMPBELL FAMILY 

CHAPTER I 

|EW clans can claim as great an antiquity 
as Na Cambeulich, The Clan Campbell; 
and authorities do not agree as to the 
origin of the name. The Scottish anti- 
quary and historian, Pinkerton, claims that the 
name is derived from a Norman Knight, styled de 
Campo Bello, who came to England with William 
the Conqueror in 1066. But in the Roll of Battle 
Abbey, a list of all the knights who composed the 
army of the Conqueror, the name of de Campo Bello 
does not appear. Further the appearance of the 
patronymic in Scottish record and ancient docu- 
ments is always in the form which it still retains, 
although in the oldest writings it is spelled Cambel 
or Kambel. These names were, however, written by 
persons not acquainted with the individuals whose 
names they record. The manuscript account of the 
Battle of Halidon Hill, preserved in the British 
Museum, was written by an unknown English 
writer; while in the Ragman Roll, 1296, the name 
given to the collection of instruments by which the 
nobility of Scotland were compelled to subscribe 
allegiance to Edward I of England, the name is 
spelled Kambel by an English clerk. When written 
by a member of the family, at any period, the name 
does not appear otherwise than as Campbell. 

Most writers agree with the bards who preserved 

7 



8 History of the Campbell Family 

the traditions of the clan that the name is personal, 
like that of others of the Highland clans, and is 
composed of the words "cam," bent or arched, and 
"beul," mouth; this being the most prominent fea- 
ture of the great ancestor of the clan, Diarmid o 
Duibhne, who is much celebrated in traditional 
story, and from whom the Clan Campbell derived 
the appellation "Siol Diarmid." 

The history of the family, prior to Diarmid o 
Duibhne, takes us back to the time of the Romans. 
At that period three different peoples inhabited 
Scotland, the ancient Britons, the Picts and the 
Scots, each governed by their own kings. A colony 
of the Britons accompanied one of the returning 
Roman Governors into France, and there estab- 
lished themselves, under their own king, in what 
became known as Britannia Gallicse. In the year 
404 their kindred in Britain, being troubled by the 
constant attacks of the Picts and Scots, sent to them 
for assistance, offering the sovereignty of the coun- 
try to their king. Their ruler declined the sover- 
eignty for himself, but sent an army under his son 
Constantine, who ruled over the Britons until about 
the year 420. Constantine was the grandfather of 
Arthur of the Round Table, with whom the Camp- 
bells commonly commence their family lineage. 
From Arthur the seannachies trace the line of 
descent down to Diarmid o Duibhne. His son, 
Arthur, known as Armderg or Red Armour from 
the frequent coloring of the same with blood, had 
several sons, the eldest of whom Paul o Duibhne, 
Knight of Lochow, married Marion, daughter of 
Godfrey, King of Man, by whom he had one daugh- 
ter, Eva, heiress of all his estates. She was married, 



History of the Campbell Family 9 

in the eleventh century, to her cousin, Gillespie 
(Archibald) Campbell, who thereby acquired the 
Lordship of Lochow. 

From this marriage the Chiefs of the Clan Camp- 
bell take descent, being first designed of Lochow and 
later of Argyll; and from them are descended the 
collateral branches of the clan. 

The word "clan" signifies simply children, or 
descendants, and the clan name thus implies that the 
members of it are, or were, descended from a com- 
mon ancestor. The hereditary jurisdiction of a 
Highland clan, such as that of Campbell, was little 
short of regal, and had a significance unequalled in 
any other country where the feudal regime obtained. 
A Highland chieftain was as absolute in his patri- 
archal authority as any prince, being regarded as 
the head of the name as well as of his feudatories. 
So absolute was his authority, that, until the year 
1747, the chieftain of a clan had the right of punish- 
ing his vassals even by death; and in fact often 
hanged them, or imprisoned them in a pit or dun- 
geon where they were starved to death. As the 
"Pilgrim of Glencoe" says : 

"T' have breathed one grieved remonstrance to 

our Chief, 
The pit or gallows would have cured my grief." 

The chief referred to in Thomas Campbell's poem 
was Campbell of Glenlyon. No matter what a chief- 
tain's orders might be, no complaint would come 
from his people. Boswell heard a chieftain say to 
one of his clan who, he thought, refused to carry 
out an order, "Don't you know that if I order you 
to go and cut a man's throat, you are to do it?" 



10 History of the Campbell Family 

"Yes, an't please your honor, and my own too, and 
hang myself too," was the clansman's reply. 

Besides his ordinary name and surname, every 
Highland Chief had, as head of the clan, a patro- 
nymic which was common to all his predecessors 
and successors. Thus, as mentioned later, the head 
of the Clan Campbell is called by the Gaelic name of 
MacChaillan More; and besides this patronymic of 
his office or dignity, the chief had usually another 
name peculiar to himself, frequently derived from 
his appearance, as the Colin Campbell of Lochow 
known as Cailen Maol Maith or Bald Good 
Colin, and Colin Campbell, the third Earl of Argyll, 
known as Cailen Malloch or Lumpie Brow. 

The Chief had a number of officers attached to 
his person among whom were the Bard, the Gillie- 
more or sword bearer, the Piper and the Piper's 
Gillie who carried the bagpipes. Also an attendant 
known as the Henchman or Haunch Man who stood 
behind his chair, and another styled the Gillie-cas- 
flue, whose duty it was to carry his chief, if on foot, 
over the fords. 

In the eyes of his people, the chieftain held the 
clan territory as the common property of the clan, 
and even in his own castle had not the right to 
turn away a hungry clansman from the door. The 
Highlanders esteemed it the most sublime degree 
of virtue to love their chief and pay him a blind 
obedience, and no royal proclamation could stop the 
clan if the chieftain ordered it to follow him to 
battle. 

The clan had its appointed place of rendezvous 
where they gathered at the call of their chief. When 
any sudden emergency arose, the cross or tarich. 



History of the Campbell Family 11 

called the Fiery Cross, was immediately dispatched 
through the territories of the clan. This signal 
consisted of two pieces of wood, which the chieftain 
fixed in the shape of a cross. One of the ends of the 
crosspiece was seared in the fire, and extinguished 
in the blood of a goat which had been killed by the 
chief, while from the other end was suspended a 
piece of linen or white cloth dipped in the blood of 
the goat. The Fiery Cross was delivered to a swift 
messenger, who ran at full speed, shouting the battle 
cry of the clan. The cross was delivered from hand 
to hand, and as each fresh runner sped on his way 
the clan assembled with great celerity. At sight of 
the Fiery Cross every man of the clan, from sixteen 
to sixty, was obliged to instantly repair, prepared 
for battle, to the place of rendezvous. 

"While clamorous war pipes yelled the gathering 

sound 
And while the Fiery Cross glanced, like a meteor, 

round." 

The war pipes, mentioned by Sir Walter Scott, refer, 
of course, to the bagpipe. It is not known when the 
bagpipe was first introduced into Scotland, but the 
Highland pipe was undoubtedly used by the clans 
soon after the year 1400. The harp was also used, 
not only in the hall and banqueting room, but on 
the battlefield. Every clansman, from childhood, 
warf trained to battle for the clan and its chief, and 
to excel in hardihood and endurance. The reproach 
of effeminancy was the most bitter which could be 
thrown upon him. It is told of an old chieftain, of 
over seventy years old, that when he and the clan 
were surprised by night, he wrapped his plaid 



12 History of the Campbell Family 

around him and lay contentedly in the snow. His 
grandson had rolled a large snowball and placed it 
under his head. "Out upon thee," said the old chief, 
kicking the frozen bolster away ; "art thou so effemi- 
nate as to need a pillow?'' Later, at the height of 
the power of the Clan Campbell, it is said that 20,000 
of such men, bold and hardy, were bound to answer 
the call of the MacChaillan More. 

Hardy and brave as they were, much importance 
was attached to omens when going forth to battle. 
If they met an armed man, they believed that good 
fortune and success were portended; while if they 
saw a deer, fox, hare, or any four-footed game, and 
did not succeed in killing it, they prognosticated evil. 
If a barefooted woman crossed the road before 
them, they seized her and drew blood from her fore- 
head. 

The clan had its own battle cry, the slogan to 
which every clansman must answer. "Cruachan,*' 
was that of the Campbells, from Ben Cruachan, the 
mountain near Loch Awe, the original home of 
the clan. In another form of the slogan, "It's a far 
cry to Loch Awe," the Campbells derided their foes, 
indicating the impossibility of reaching them in 
their distant home, through the well defended and 
sequestered passes hidden in rock and mist. 

The badges of the Clan Campbell are the Roig and 
the Garbhag an t'sleibhe, the Wild Myrtle and the 
Fir Club Moss. The myrtle is commonly considered 
the Campbell badge. The tartan of the Clan Camp- 
bell is very similar to that of the Black Watch; 
black, dark blue and green. The Campbells of 
Breadalbane have a yellow stripe to difference what 
may be called the tartan of their branch of the clan ; 



History of the CampheU Family 13 

while the Campbells of Inverawe tartan has a white 
and yellow stripe through the black, blue and green. 
West and north of a line drawn from the Firth 
of Clyde across Perthshire to Stonehaven on the 
east coast, are the Highlands of Scotland. 

"The northern realms of ancient Caledon, 

Where the proud Queen of Wilderness hath placed 

By lake and cataract her lonely throne." 

In that part of the Highlands known as Argyllshire 
lies the ancient country of the Campbells, seagirt 
on the west by the waters of the Atlantic, studded 
with the countless Western Isles. Pierced by the 
blue arms of the sea. Loch Etive and Loch Fyne, 
and dominated by the gigantic double peaks of Ben 
Cruachan, which overlook the black Pass of Brander 
and the dark transparent waters of Loch Awe, the 
land of the Campbells stretches in range after range 
of glorious mountains, wild correis, precipitous 
crags and verdant braes. It is a land of narrow 
valleys, deep lochs and swiftly flowing burns, that 
come tumbling down the mountain sides in many a 
linn of silver flying spray. The original domain of 
the Clan Campbell, the Campbells of Lochow, was, 
as we have seen, the Lordship of Lochow. Their 
castle of Innischonnel or Ardchonnel stood on an 
island near the east side of Loch Awe. The Camp- 
bells rapidly extended the territory over which they 
exercised dominion, eventually supplanting the 
ancient Lords of the Isles, and added to their pos- 
sessions from the lands of the clans MacGregor, 
MacDonald, Lamond, MacNab and MacNachtan. 
The Clan Campbell always managed somehow, in 
the clan conflicts, to be on the right side. What 



14 History of the Campbell Family 

they did not win by the sword, they gained in the 
long run by diplomacy. Ere the song had been 
heard, the words "The Campbells are coming" must 
have many times had a sinister meaning to incon- 
venient rivals of the clan, for when the Campbells 
came, they came to stay. From the original Lord- 
ship of Lochow, the Clan Campbell and its collateral 
branches extended their domain until it embraced 
well nigh all the territory now known as Argyllshire, 
and also the greater part of the County of Perth. 
Their possessions stretched from the Firth of Clyde 
on the south, to the country of the Clan Cameron on 
Loch Linnhe on the north, and from the Sound of 
Jura and the Firth of Lorn on the west, in an un- 
broken line through the counties of Argyll and 
Perth, beyond Loch Tay to the country of the 
Murrays and the Menzies on the east. 

Inverary, after Innischonnel the seat of the clan, 
stands on the right bank of the Ary, near the 
northern end of Loch Fyne. The ancient castle 
was a picturesque and military stronghold near the 
water, at the foot of a high, wooded hill, Duniguoich, 
used by the Campbells as a watch tower. Distant 
about ten miles north of Inverary, through the 
valley of Glen Ary, is the stronghold of the Camp- 
bells of Glenurchy, picturesque Kilchurn Castle, on 
an island in Loch Awe. Through the grim Pass of 
Brander, on a bank of the rushing, sable River Awe, 
is another castle of the Campbells, Inverawe; and 
further westward at the mouth of Loch Etive stands 
Dunstaffnage Castle, on a rocky headland jutting 
into the sea. Robert I of Scotland granted to 
Arthur Campbell, fourth son of Sir Colin Campbell 



History of the Campbell Family 15 

of Lochow, a charter of "the constabulary of Dun- 
staffnage and the maines thereof." The castle is 
said to have been founded by Errin, or Erinus, a 
Pictish monarch contemporary with Caesar, and in 
the castle was long preserved the famous stone 
chair or seat, the "chair of power,'' said to have 
been brought from the Holy Land. The stone is 
said to have been Jacob's pillow. It was used as 
the coronation chair of Kenneth Macalpine, who in 
850 A. D. removed it from Dunstaffnage to Scone. 
On this stone all the Scottish Kings were crowned 
until 1296, when it was taken to Westminister by 
Edward I. An old prophecy says, that wherever 
the stone is, there a king of Scottish blood shall 
reign. This prophecy has been fulfilled, for the 
throne of Great Britain and Ireland is occupied 
in virtue of descent from James VI of Scotland, 
who ascended the English throne as James I. 

To the east of the country of the Campbells, on a 
high spur of the Ochill Hills, is Castle Campbell. 
Accessible only by a difficult and arduous path up 
the bed of a mountain burn, and across narrow 
bridges over deep chasms, the castle was a veritable 
fortress in which the early Campbells could resist 
an army. It stands on a hillock, three hundred feet 
high, between two streams known as the Burn of 
Sorrow and the Bum of Care. The castle itself was 
known as the Castle of Gloom, until changed to its 
present name by act of Parliament in 1489, at the 
request of Colin Campbell, first Earl of Argyll. 

Tajonouth Castle is situated near Loch Tay, in 
the Breadalbane Campbells' country. It was built 
in the twelfth century by Sir Colin Campbell of 



16 History of the Campbell Family 

Lochow and was then known as Balloch Castle. 
At the head of Loch Tay, between two rivers and 
protected on the third side by the Loch, is Finlarig 
Castle, the chapel of which has for centuries been 
the burial place of the Campbells of Breadalbane. 



«• 




CHAPTER II 

[HE early history of the Clan Campbell 
is synonjonous with the story of the suc- 
cession, affiliations and alliances of the 
Campbells of Lochow, later of Argyll. 
The ancestors of the, Argyll family were the 
first bearers of the name, and from that stock 
the Campbells of Breadalbane, Cawdor and Lou- 
doun, and other subdivisions of the clan, took de- 
scent. In the present chapter it is purposed to 
present the early records of the Campbells of Argyll, 
who obtained eminence and great influence through- 
out Scotland, and have taken a most prominent part 
in its national history. 

It has already been told how Gillespie (Archibald) 
Campbell acquired the Lordship of Lochow by mar- 
riage with Eva, the heiress of Paul o Duibhne. He 
was succeeded by Duncan o Duibhne Campbell, his 
eldest son, who married Dervail or Dorothy, daugh- 
ter of Dugald Cruachan, Thane of Over Lochow, 
which estate, being at that time divided into three 
parts, was now united and possessed by the Camp- 
bells. Duncan died in 1097 and was succeeded by 
his son, Cailen Maol Maith, or Bald Good Colin, who 
married a niece of Alexander I of Scotland, by 
whom he had Gillespie (Archibald) his heir. Sir 
Gillespie had three sons. Sir Duncan, his successor, 
Donald, who died without issue, and Dugald Camp- 
bell Craignishich, who was the progenitor of the 
ancient Campbells of Craignish. Sir Duncan, Knight 

17 



18 History of the Campbell Family 

of Lochow, had two sons, Sir Archibald and Duncan 
Dow. Sir Archibald married his cousin Finlay, the 
daughter of Naughton MacGillivrail, and had three 
sons, Archibald, his heir, Duncan and Hugh, whose 
grandson Duncan married the heiress of Loudoun, 
and became ancestor of the noble family of Camp- 
bell of Loudoun. Sir Archibald married Errick, 
daughter of the Lord of Carrick, who was mother 
to Colin, his heir. Sir Colin was a distinguished 
warrior and was knighted by King Alexander III 
in 1280. In 1291 he was one of the nominees on 
the part of Robert Bruce in the contest for the 
throne of Scotland. Sir Colin greatly increased 
the Campbell estates, and his distinguished bravery 
gained him the appellation of Mohr or More, great. 
From him the Chief of the Argyll family is in Gaelic 
styled MacChaillan More. 

The distinctive Mac is generally understood to 
imply son, or the son of, and accordingly Mac- 
Chaillan More would imply son of Chaillan. Against 
this interpretation it has been contended that neither 
Sir Colin's father, nor any of his immediate an- 
cestors, bore the name of Chaillan; that Macbeth 
was not the son of Beth, while the distinctive Mac 
is found in Macpherson and Macfarquharson where 
the word son is already incorporated. By those 
who so reason, it is indicated that Mac may have 
been originally a contraction of magnus, great or 
big, as used in MacKinleith, the great place on the 
Leith, Maginnis, the great island, and Carrick- 
macross, the rock of the great cross. On this sup- 
position, the words MacChaillan would appear to 
be the Celtic orthography of Mag Allan or alaine, 
from aleanus, stranger, and Mohr or More mean- 



History of the Campbell Family 19 

ing chief, and would therefore suggest that the 
Celtic name MacChaillan More implies Great 
Stranger Chief. Sir Walter Scott, however, follows 
the usually accepted meaning, and refers to the 
patronymic as MacCallum More or the son of Colin 
the Great. 

Sir Colin quarrelled with his powerful neighbor, 
MacDugal Lord of Lorn, and after defeating him 
in battle, was killed in the pursuit, 1294. From this 
arose a long and bitter feud between the houses of 
Lochow and Lorn. Sir Colin married a Sinclair, by 
whom he had five sons. Sir Niel, Archibald, Dugal, 
Arthur and Duncan. 

Sir Niel Campbell was among the Scottish nobles 
who swore allegiance to Edward I of England, but 
afterwards attached himself to Robert the Bruce 
and fought strenuously for that monarch through 
all his struggles to the victory at Bannockburn. 
Bruce rewarded him by many grants of land, in- 
cluding those of the Earl of Athole, while by marry- 
ing the Lady Mary Bruce, the King's sister, he 
acquired a superiority in the Highlands, which his 
descendants not only maintained but extended over 
almost all the surrounding clans. He was one of 
the Barons in the Parliament at Ayr, 1314, when 
the crown of Scotland was entailed to King Robert 
and his heirs. He died in 1316, and had three sons 
by his first wife: Sir Colin, his successor; John, 
created Earl of Athole upon the forfeiture of David 
de Strathbogie, but having died without issue the 
title became extinct; and Dugal. After the death 
of Lady Mary, his first wife. Sir Niel married the 
daughter of Cameron of Lochiel, by whom he had 
a son named Duncan, from whom are the Campbells 



20 History of the Campbell Family 

of Inverawe and the Campbells of Lerags and 
Southall. 

Sir Colin Campbell, called Cailen Og or Young 
Colin, obtained a charter from his uncle, King 
Robert Bruce, of the lands of Lochow and Ardscod- 
niche, dated at Arbroath 10th February, 13 16* The 
same year he attended King Robert on his expedi- 
tion to Ireland, to assist in placing Edward Bruce, 
the King's brother, on the throne of that kingdom. 
The Scottish army passing through a wood, in 
February, 1317, King Robert issued positive orders 
to his soldiers not to leave the ranks. Two English 
yeomen discharged their arrows at Sir Colin, who 
rode after them to avenge the insult. The King 
followed and struck his nephew so violently with his 
truncheon, that he was well nigh unhorsed, saying, 
"Return. Your disobedience might have brought us 
all to jeopardy." Sir Colin, in 1334, assisted in the 
surprise and recovery of the Castle, of Dunoon, held 
by the English and the adherents of Baliol. For his 
services, he was made hereditary governor of 
Dunoon. Sir Colin died in 1340. He married 
Hellena, a daughter of the house of Lennox, by 
whom he had thre^ sons and a daughter; Sir Gil- 
lespie or Archibald ; John, from whom the Campbells 
of Barbreck and Succoth and other families of the 
name take descent; Dugal, who joined Edward 
Baliol, and in consequence his lands were forfeited 
and given to his eldest brother; and Alicia,' married 
to Alan Lawder of Hatton. 

The next head of the clan. Sir Gillespie or Archi- 
bald Campbell, after adding largely to the family es- 
tates, died in 1372. He was twice married, first to a 
lady of the family of Mentieth, and secondly, to 



History of the Campbell Family 21 

Mary, daughter of Sir John Lamond, by whom he 
had two sons and a daughter ; Sir Colin and Duncan, 
progenitor of the Campbells of Glenfeachan, and 
Hellena, married first to the Earl of Ross and sec- 
ondly to the Earl of Lennox. 

His son. Sir Colin Campbell, was known as 
Cailen longataich, both from the signal good for- 
tune which constantly attended him, and also on ac- 
count of his unusual and fanciful ideas. Shortly 
before his death he threw all his treasures into 
Loch Fyne, to avoid any quarrel among his sons 
concerning them. He burned Inverary Castle, then 
approaching completion, as being an unworthy resi- 
dence, in its unfinished state, of some noblemen of 
the O'Neils, who were about to visit him from Ire- 
land. He considered his new field equipage more 
fitting their occupancy than an unfinished castle. 
His good fortune stood him in good stead when in 
order to make way for the succession of his brother, 
the McCallums of Inniskeodnish, after shutting up 
every opening, set fire to a barn in which he was 
sleeping. Awakened by the heat of his armor. Sir 
Colin forced his way through the roof, and plunged 
into a linn, which is still known as Linne-na-Lu- 
raich, or coat of mail linn. He died in 1413. He 
was married to Margaret, daughter of Sir John 
Drummond of Stobhall, sister of Annabella, Queen 
of Robert IH. He had three sons. Sir Duncan, John 
and Colin; and a daughter, married to Macfarlane 
of Arrochar. Colin, the third son, was designed of 
Ardkinglass, and of his family the Campbells of 
Ardintenny, Dunoon, Carrick, Skipnish, Blyths- 
wood, Shawfield, Rachan, Auchwillan and Der- 
nachie are branches. 



22 History of the Campbell Family 

The first of the family to assume the designation 
of Argyll, was Sir Duncan Campbell. He was one 
of the hostages in 1424, under the name of Duncan, 
Lord of Argyll, to secure the payment of £40,000 for 
the maintenance of James I during his long im- 
prisonment in England. He was appointed by 
James I one of his Privy Council, and constituted 
his Judiciary and Lieutenant within the shire of 
Argyll ; and became Lord of Parliament, under the 
title of Lord Campbell in 1445. He was accounted 
one of the most wealthy barons in Scotland. He 
died in the year 1453 and was buried at Eilmun. 
He married, first, the Lady Marjory Stewart, daugh- 
ter of Robert, Duke of Albany and Governor of 
Scotland. They had three sons, Celestine, who died 
before him; Archibald, who also predeceased him, 
but left a son, Colin; and Colin, who was the first 
of Glenurchy, and ancestor of the Breadalbane fam- 
ily. Sir Duncan married, secondly, Margaret, 
daughter of Sir John Stewart of Blackball and 
Auchingown, natural son of Robert III, by whom 
he also had three sons, Duncan, the ancestor of the 
house of Auchinbreck, of whom are, according to 
Crauford, the Campbells of Glencardel, Glensaddel, 
Kilkdurkland, Kilmorie, Westerkeams, Kilberry 
and Danna; Niel, progenitor of the Campbells of 
EUengreig and Ormadale; and Arthur or Archi- 
bald, ancestor of the Campbells of Ottar. By some 
authorities it is said that the Campbells of Auchin- 
breck and their cadets, also EUengreig and Orma- 
dale, take descent from the youngest son, and not 
from his brothers. 

The first Lord Campbell was succeeded by his 
grandson, Colin, created Earl of Argyll in 1457 and 



History of the Campbell Family 23 

Lord of Lorn in 1470. On the death of his father, 
Archibald, the second son of Duncan, Lord Camp- 
bell, he was placed under the care of his uncle, Sir 
Colin Campbell of Glenurchy, who concluded a 
match between him and Isabel Stewart, the eldest 
of the three daughters and coheiresses of John, 
third Lord of Lorn. There are some doubts as to 
the precise mode in which Argyll acquired the Lord- 
ship of Lorn; for although he married one of the 
heiresses of the line, the lordship appears to have 
been entailed on heirs male. He soon, however, 
overcame all difficulties and possessed the lordship 
without opposition. In 1483 he received the office of 
Lord High Chancellor of Scotland, but having, in 
1487, joined the conspiracy of the nobles against 
the King, he was in England at the time James III 
"happinit to be slain." After the accession of 
James IV he was restored to the office of Lord High 
Chancellor. He died 10th May, 1493, leaving two 
sons, Archibald, his successor, and Thomas, ances- 
tor of the Campbells of Lundy; and seven daugh- 
ters. It is from Colin, first Earl of Argyll, that the 
greatness of the house properly dates. Besides the 
Lordship and arms of Lorn, he also acquired that 
of Campbell and Castle Campbell in the parish of 
Dollar, and received a grant of many lands in 
Enapdale, along with the keeping of Castle Sweyn, 
which had formerly been held by the Lords of the 
Isles. In the southwestern Highlands he laid the 
foundation of that unrivalled influence which the 
house of Argyll has enjoyed for many centuries. 

Archibald Campbell, second Earl of Argyll, suc- 
ceeded his father in 1493, and is described as Lord 
High Chancellor in a charter to him of half the 



24 History of the Campbeli Family 

lands of Inchima, Rusky and other estates in the 
County of Argyll. He received a conunission from 
the King of Lieutenandry, with the fullest powers, 
over the Lordship of the Isles. In 1503 the insurrec- 
tion of the Islanders broke out under Donald Dubh, 
who had escaped from his prison. This Donald 
Dubh was believed by the Islanders to have been 
the son of one of the daughters of the first Earl 
of Argyll, who had married Angus Og, the Bastard 
of the Isles, son of John of the Isles. Angus Og 
had rebelled against his father, and father and son 
fought at Bloody Bay, when the child Donald Dubh 
was carried off by Athole, and confined by the Earl 
of Argyll in the Castle of Innischonnel about the 
year 1480. Archibald, second Earl of Argyll was, 
with the Earl of Huntly and others, charged by the 
King with the suppression of the insurrection of the 
Islanders, and after its suppression, in 1506, the 
Lordship of the Isles was shared by him and Huntly, 
the latter being placed over the northern region, 
while the south Isles and adjacent coast were under 
Argyll. At the fatal Battle of Flodden, 9th Sept., 
1513, the Earl of Argyll and his brother-in-law, the 
Earl of Lennox, commanded the right wing of the 
royal army; and with James IV were both killed 
in that sanguinary engagement. By his wife, Lady 
Elizabeth Stewart, eldest daughter of John, first 
Earl of Lennox, he had four sons and six daughters. 
He was succeeded by his eldest son, Colin ; his sec- 
ond son, Archibald, had a charter of the lands of 
Skipnish; Sir John Campbell, the third son, at first 
styled Lorn and afterwards of Calder, married Mu- 
riella, daughter and heiress of Sir John Calder of 
Calder, now Cawdor, the Campbells of Ardchattan, 



History of the Campbell Family 25 

Airds and Cluny being collateral descendants; and 
Donald, the fourth son, was Abbot of Cupar and 
ancestor of the Campbells of Keithock. Lady Eliza- 
beth Campbell, one of the Earl's six daughters, mar- 
ried Lauchlan Cattanach Maclean of Dowart. 
Either from the circumstance of their union being 
unfruitful, or more probably owing to some domes- 
tic quarrel, Lauchlan Maclean determined to get rid 
of his wife. Maclean caused his lady to be left on 
a rock which was only visible at low water, intend- 
ing that she should be swept away by the tide. This 
rock lies between the Island of Lismore and the 
coast of Mull, and is still known by the name of the 
"Lady's Rock." She was rescued by a boat acci- 
dentally passing and conveyed to her brother's 
castle, where Maclean shortly arrived in sables to 
announce her death. He bewailed the untimely 
death of his lady, and said he would bring the body 
to Inverary. Argyll caused a room to be prepared 
for the body. When the dinner hour arrived Argyll, 
in bitter scorn, introduced Maclean to his wife, 
seated at the head of the table in the hall. The 
rights of hospitality in those days did not permit 
Argyll punishing him on the spot. He bade him 
begone and beware of Calder, who had vowed ven- 
geance for the treatment his sister had received. 
Campbell of Calder stabbed Maclean in his bed in 
Edinburgh. 

The third Earl of Argyll, Colin Campbell, was 
known as Cailen Malloch or Lumpie Brow, from a 
lump that formed between his brows when enraged. 
Immediately after succeeding his father, in 1513, 
he was charged with the suppression of the High- 
land chiefs in support of Sir Donald of Lochlash, 



26 History of the Campbell Family 

whom they had proclaimed Lord of the Isles. The 
death of Sir Donald relieved Argyll from further 
anxiety. In February, 1525, Argyll was appointed 
one of the Governors of the Kingdom, after the re- 
tirement of the Duke of Albany to France. He was 
intimately concerned in the scheme for "the King's 
Erection,^' or proclamation as Monarch, and after 
the escape of King James from Falkland, in May, 
1528, joined him in Stirling, accompanying him to 
Edinburgh as one of his most trusted counsellors. 
On 6th December, 1528, Argyll received a charter 
for the Barony of Abernethy, forfeited by the Earl 
of Angus, and afterwards received confirmation of 
the hereditary Shrievalty of Argyllshire. Also of 
the offices of Justiciary of Scotland and Master of 
the Household, by which these offices became he- 
reditary in his family. He died in 1542. By his 
wife. Lady Jane Gordon, eldest daughter of the 
third Earl of Huntly, he had three sons, Archibald, 
his heir; John, ancestor of the Campbells of Loch- 
nell, of whom the families of Balerno and Stonefield 
descended; and Alexander, Dean of Moray. Also, 
a daughter, Margaret, married to James, Earl of 
Moray, natural son of James IV. 

Archibald Campbell, fourth Earl of Argyll, in 
a charter to him of the King's lands of Cardross in 
Dumbartonshire, is called "master of the King's wine 
cellar." James V died on the 14th December, 1542, 
and on the 19th December, Cardinal Beaton, with 
the Earls of Argyll, Arran, Huntly and Moray were 
proclaimed, at Edinburgh Cross, as Regents. After 
the arrest of Beaton, 20th January, 1543, Argyll 
returned to the Highlands to muster a force to 
maintain a struggle against the Earl of Arran, who 



History of the CampbeU Family 27 

had been chosen Governor. Eventually Argyll, with 
the Earls of Huntly, Lennox and Bothwell, secured 
the charge of the infant Queen, whom they took in 
triumph to Stirling. Henry VIII of England de- 
manded the custody of the young Queen till she 
should be of ,age to complete the marriage he wished 
contracted between her and his son, Edward, Prince 
of Wales. The impatient temper of the English 
monarch ruined his own scheme, and in consequence 
the English invaded Scotland, plundering the coun- 
try, until their defeat at Ancram Moor, 1545. Tra- 
dition says that an Amazonian Scottish woman, of 
the name of Lillyard, followed her lover into this 
battle, and when he fell, she herself rushed into the 
heat of the fight, and was killed, after accounting 
for several of the English. A monument was erected 
to her memory, with an inscription, now defaced, 
which is said to have run thus : 

Fair maiden Lillyard lies under this stane, 
Little was her stature, but great was her fame ; 
Upon the English louns she laid many thumps, 
And when her legs were cutted off, she fought 
upon her stumps. 

At the Battle of Pinkie, 10th September, 1547, 
Argyll with 4,000 Highlanders held command of the 
right wing of the Scottish army. On the forfeiture 
of the estates of the Earl of Lennox, who had gone 
over to the side of the English King, Argyll received 
the largest share, and the power of the Campbells 
further increased. At an early period, Argyll came 
under the influence of Knox, and he subscribed the 
first band of Scottish reformers. He died in Au- 
gust, 1558. His sword is in the Antiquarian Mu- 



28 History of the Campbell Family 

seum, Edinburgh. On the blade is the date 1543, 
immediately below the blazon of the Argylls, the 
gyronny of eight, and the lymphad of Lorn. On the 
reverse of the blade may be read: "God's strength 
and the nation's," and a hand holding a sword erect. 
The fourth Earl married, first, Lady Helen Hamil- 
ton, eldest daughter of the first Earl of Arran, by 
whom he had one son, Archibald, his successor ; and 
secondly. Lady Margaret Graham, only daughter of 
the Earl of Mentieth, by whom he had one son, 
Colin, and two daughters. 

The fifth Earl, Archibald Campbell, was one of 
the leaders of the lords of the congregation, but for 
some time adhered to the party of the Queen 
Mother. In 1559, however, he and Lord James 
Stuart, afterwards Earl of Moray, left Edinburgh, 
which the Queen Mother had garrisoned with 
French troops, and gathering 13,000 followers took 
the field against the Queen. The Queen's forces 
retreated to Forfar, and Argyll and his supporters 
entered Edinburgh. The death of the Queen Regent 
on 10th June, 1560, put an end to hostilities for the 
time, and Argyll was one of those who received 
Queen Mary on her arrival at Leith, 19th August, 
1561. In August, 1563, Queen Mary visited the 
Earl to witness deer hunting, but so strong was his 
opposition to the Queen's marriage to Darnley, that 
when he visited Edinburgh to "keep the day of law" 
against the Earl of Bothwell, on trial for treason, 
he brought with him 7,000 men. After the murder 
of Rizzio, Queen Mary was glad to be reconciled. 
That the murder had Argyll's sanction there can be 
no doubt, but he was not present when it was com- 
mitted. Also that he signed the bond at Craig- 



History of the Campbell Family 29 

miliar for the murder of Darnley, there can be no 
doubt. It was in the company of Argyll and his 
Countess that the Queen spent the evening after 
she had left her husband to his fate. He was one 
of the Council of Regency when the Queen con- 
sented to demit the government in favor of her son, 
but on her escape from Lochleven he joined her at 
Hamilton, and was at the Battle of Langside, the 
final and fatal defeat of the Queen, 13th May, 1568. 
After the flight of Queen Mary to England, Argyll 
retired to Dunoon, but on Morton obtaining the re- 
gency in 1572 he was made Lord Chancellor. He 
died 12th September, 1573. His Countess, Queen 
Mary's half sister, having died without issue, was 
buried in the Abbey of Holyrood House, and he 
married a second time, Johanetta, daughter of the 
Earl of Glencairn, but by neither marriage had he 
any issue, and the title passed to his brother, Colin 
Campbell of Boquhan. 

After the death of his first wife, Janet, eldest 
daughter of the first Lord Methven, Colin, the sixth 
Earl of Argyll, married the Countess of Moray, 
widow of the Regent. During the regency, Moray 
had been entrusted with the custody of the Queen's 
jewels, and his widow had come thus into posses- 
sion of the famous diamond, "the Great Harry." 
For refusing to give this up, the Earl and his wife 
were "put to the horn," 1573-4. The Countess ap- 
pealed to Parliament, but in the end the Earl deliv- 
ered up the jewel. This circumstance and other 
events caused a quarrel between Argyll and Morton, 
and although they were reconciled by the King, 
enmity still lurked between them. Argyll was one 
of the jury who brought a verdict against Morton, 



30 History of the Campbell Family 

1st June, 1581, for the murder of Darnley. He died 
at Tarnoway, October, 1584. By his first wife he 
had no issue, but by his second wife he had two 
sons, Archibald, the seventh Earl, and Sir Colin 
Campbell of Lundy, who was created a baronet 
in 1627. 

Born in 1576, and therefore only eight years old 
on the death of his father, Archibald Campbell 
called Gruamach or Stern, the seventh Earl, was 
placed under the care of his mother, who was to 
have the advice of Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy 
and five other heads of branches of the family. 
Quarrels arose among them and Archibald Camp- 
bell of Lochnell, the nearest heir to the Earldom, 
entered into a conspiracy with the Earl of Huntly 
to effect the murder of Campbell of Calder, the Earl 
of Moray and the young Earl of Argyll. Moray 
was murdered in February, 1592, by a party of 
Gordons, Calder >Vas shot by a hackbut and Argyll 
was attacked by illness, supposed to be the result 
of poison. When little more than sixteen years of 
age, Argyll was married, in 1592, to^ Lady Anne 
Douglas, daughter of the first Earl of Morton. He 
suppressed the lawless Clan Donald, after which, in 
1617, he received from the King a grant of their 
country which included the whole of Kintyre. But 
he found himself impoverished rather than enriched 
by his acquisitions, and had to leave the country, 
not being able to give satisfaction to his creditors. 
He went to West Flanders, and his departure w^s 
lampooned in verse, of which the following are the 
first two lines : 



"Now Earl of Guile and Lord Forlorn thou goes 
Quitting thy Prince to serve his foreign foes." 



History of the Campbell Family 31 

In 1621 he was again declared the King's free liege 
and afterwards returned to England, where he died, 
in London, in 1638. He had one son, Archibald, 
and four daughters by his first wife, and by his sec- 
ond, one son and one daughter. 

In "Tales of a Grandfather," Sir Walter Scott 
states, that when King James of Scotland ordered 
a general mourning on account of the execution of 
Mary, Queen of Scots, "the Earl of Argyll ap- 
peared at court in armor, as if that were the proper 
way of showing the national sense of the treatment 
which Mary had received." Mary, Queen of Scots, 
was beheaded on the 8th February, 1587. The sev- 
enth Earl of Argyll succeeded to the Earldom in 
1584, when he was eight years of age. At the time 
of the execution of Queen Mary he must therefore 
have been only eleven years old. 

The Argyll Tower in Edinburgh Castle is named 
from the next two chiefs of the Campbells of Argyll, 
father and son, one of whom was imprisoned in the 
tower in 1661, the other in 1685. Both were be- 
headed. The first of the two chieftains, Archibald 
Campbell, eighth Earl and afterwards Marquess of 
Argyll, on becoming possessed of his father's es- 
tates, "was by far the most powerful subject in the 
kingdom." It was estimated that he held command 
of 20,000 men, and within his own territory was, by 
virtue of his special office of Justiciary, a potentate 
exercising almost royal power. His great abilities 
and prudent counsel called him, in 1626, at the age 
of twenty-eight to the office of Privy Councillor to 
King Charles I. He was created Marquess of Ar- 
gyll in 1641. When the King surrendered to the 
Scottish army in 1646, he intrusted Argyll with a 



32 History of the Campbell Family 

secret commission to consult the Duke of Richmond 
and the Marquis of Hereford as to the expediency 
of the Scots Parliament and army declaring for the 
King. They advised against this course, as it might 
prove his ruin by turning it into a national dispute. 
In the following year he therefore dissented from a 
majority in Parliament on the vote in favor of the 
Duke of Hamilton leading an army into England 
for the relief of the King. On the defeat of the 
Duke of Hamilton and his army, Scotland was left 
entirely in the power of Argyle, who prevented 
Cromwell making an absolute conquest of it. On 
the first notice of the execution of King Charles, 
Argyll proclaimed his son, by such action refuting 
the groundless conjecture that Cromwell had com- 
municated to Argyll his desire against the King's 
life, and that it had been approved by him. The 
Marquess placed the crown on the head of King 
Charles II at Scone, 1st June, 1651, and swore alle- 
giance, but disapproved of the measure adopted by 
the King marching into England. On the restora- 
tion, 1660, the Marquess was accused of a multi- 
tude of crimes by his enemy, the Earl of Middleton, 
who was sent purposely on his trial as Lord Com- 
missioner to the Parliament of Scotland, February, 
1661. Notwithstanding the fullest and keenest in- 
vestigation to blacken his character and convict 
him, the only species of treason that could at last 
be fixed upon to affect Argyll was that common to 
all his judges, the submitting and owning the gov- 
ernment established in Scotland during the triumph 
of Cromwell. Argyll was sentenced, Saturday, 25th 
May, 1661, 'That he should be beheaded on Mon- 
day following at the Cross of Edinburgh, his head 



History of the Campbell Family 33 

set up, where one Marquess of Montrose's formerly 
stood, and his coat of arms torn before the Parlia- 
ment at the Cross/' He addressed a calm and dig- 
nified protest to his judges, beginning, "I had the 
honor to set the Crown upon the King's head, and 
now he hastens me to a better Crown than his own." 
With his last words on the scaffold he declared, "I 
am free from any accession, by knowledge, contriv- 
ing, counsel or any way to his late Majesty's death/' 
The Marquess was married to Lady Margaret 
Douglas, daughter of the Earl of Morton, and had 
two sons. Lord Archibald, his successor, and Lord 
Niel Campbell of Armaddy ; also three daughters. 

Destined to suffer the same fate as his father, 
Archibald Campbell, afterwards ninth Earl of Ar- 
gyll, was educated under his father's eye in the 
principles of loyalty. When King Charles II was 
invited to receive the crown, the then Lord Archi- 
bald Campbell was appointed Colonel of His Maj- 
esty's Foot Guards, by special commission from the 
King, 1650. He fought at the Battle of Dunbar 
and at Worcester. His zeal for the King's service 
made him so obnoxious to Cromwell that he, then 
Lord Lorn, was excepted from the general indem- 
nity of 1654. He did not capitulate till he had 
orders from the King so to do, 31st December, 1655. 
But upon the restoration of the King, the enemies 
of the family of Argyll charged him with creating 
dissensions between the King and his subjects. He 
was brought to trial before the Parliament of Scot- 
land, at the time subservient to the Earl of Middle- 
ton, and, on 26th August, 1662, was condemned to 
lose his head. By the command of the King this 
sentence was remitted in 1663, and Lord Lorn re- 



34 History of the Campbell Family 

stored to the honors, title and estates of his grand- 
father. But in the year 1681 he opposed the 
schemes of the Duke of York, who was so enraged 
that all methods imaginable were devised to ruin 
him. He was eventually tried on the pretense of 
putting his own meaning upon an Act passed for 
establishing a test, by which all who were in em- 
ployment, or should be so, were obliged to take an 
oath not to attempt any change in the constitution 
of Church or State. Many nobility expressed their 
scruples upon the oath; others refused it. The 
Marquis of Queensberry would not take it without 
an explanation. The Earl of Argyll thought the 
same, and being summoned to take the oath as a 
Privy Councillor declared, "That he took the oath 
as far as consistent with the Protestant religion, 
and not to bind up himself from any alteration in 
Church and State not repugnant to his loyalty, and 
necessary for the public safety." His enemies con- 
strued it disloyalty and he was confined as prisoner 
in Edinburgh Castle. He was found guilty of high 
treason and sentenced to death, 12th December, 
1681. He, however, made his escape through the 
ready mind of his stepdaughter. Lady Sophia Lind- 
say of Balcarres. On a stormy night Lady Sophia 
came to bid him farewell, and when she left, the 
Earl disguised as her footman, held her train. At 
the gate of the Castle the sentinel seized his arm, 
which so alarmed the Earl that he dropped the 
lady's train in the mud. Simulating anger at his 
clumsiness, Lady Sophia slapped the muddy train 
across the Earl's face, which so amused the sentinel 
that his suspicions were forgotten, and he allowed 
them to pass. He went to Holland, where he con- 



History of the Campbell Family 35 

tinued during the remainder of the reign of Charles 
II. On the accession of James II in 1685, the Earl 
with a small force invaded Scotland, was totally 
routed near Kilpatrick, taken prisoner, sent to Ed- 
inburgh Castle, and beheaded at the Market Cross, 
30th June, 1685. The last day of the Earl has been 
commemorated by a great fresco in the lobby of 
the House of Commons in London, based on Ma- 
caulay's description, "so effectually had religious 
faith and hope, co-operating with natural courage 
and equanimity, composed his spirits that on the 
very day on which he was to die, he dined with ap- 
petite, conversed with gaiety at table, and after his 
last meal, lay down, as he was wont, to take a short 
slumber, in order that his body and mind might be 
in full vigor when he would mount the scaffold,'* 
and an observer told, "I have seen Argyll within 
an hour of eternity sleeping as sweetly as ever man 
did." 

He Was twice married, first to Lady Mary Stew- 
art, daughter of the Earl of Murray, by whom he 
had four sons, Archibald, his successor; John of 
Mammore; Charles, a colonel in the army, and 
James, a captain in the army; and two daughters. 
His second wife was Lady Ann, daughter of the 
Earl of Seaforth, the relict of the second Earl of 
Balcarres. 

Such was the early story of the Clan Campbell 
as represented by the house of Argyll. The next 
generation carries us a long step forward in civili- 
zation, but before making reference to Campbells 
of later generations, some account will be given in 
the next chapter of the various branches of the 
clan. 



CHAPTER III 

r families of note aprung from the 

at Clan Campbell of Ai-gyll. As 

wn in the previous chapter, a 

inger son of the chief of the clan, in 

many instances branched from the main stock and 

founded a family, designated, according to custom, 

by the name of his property. Such cadets of the 

ancient and noble family of Campbell were both 

numerous and powerful. 

The most distinguished of these families is that 
of Campbell of Glenurchy, subsequently Earls, and 
now Marquess of Breadalbane in Perthahire. Sir 
Colin Campbell, the Black Knight of Rhodes, an- 
cestor of the Breadalbane branch, and the first of 
the house of Glenurchy, was the third son of Dun- 
can, first Lord Campbell of Argyll. The estate of 
Glenurchy was settled on Sir Colin by his father. 
It had come into the Campbell family in the reign 
of King David II, by the marriage of Margaret 
Glenurchy with John Campbell. Sir Colin was bom 
about 1400. He was one of the Knights of Rhodes, 
afterwards known of Malta, and an old family man- 
uscript preserved in Taymouth Castle, called the 
Black Book of Taymouth, says that "throch his 
valiant actis and manheid he was maid knicht in the 
Isle of Rhodes, quhilk standeth in the Carpathian 
Sea near to Caria, and countrie of Asia the less, 
and he was three sundrie tymes in Rome." After 
36 



History of the Campbell Family 37 

the murder of James I in 1427, he actively pursued 
the regicides, and brought two of them to justice, 
for which service King James III afterwards be- 
stowed upon him the Barony of Lawers. In 1440 
he built the Castle of Kilchurn, now a picturesque 
ruin. 

"Grey and stern 

Stands, like a spirit of the past, lone old Kil- 
churn." 

Tradition, however, names his second wife as the 
builder, during his long absence on a crusade. Con- 
nected with this castle is an old legend, that once 
while in Rome, Sir Colin had a singular dream. A 
monk, to whom he applied, advised him that he 
should instantly return home to avoid a serious do- 
mestic calamity. He hastened immediately to 
Scotland, and arrived at a place called Succoth, 
where an old woman dwelt who had been his nurse. 
Disguised as a beggar he asked food and shelter. 
From a scar on his arm he was recognized by the 
old woman, who informed him that for a long pe- 
riod no tidings had been received o;f him, and it 
was reported that he had fallen in battle in the 
Holy Land. As he had repeatedly sent messages 
to his wife he at once suspected treachery. His 
suspicions were correct, for a neighboring baron 
named Mac Corquadale had intercepted and mur- 
dered his messengers, and, having convinced the lady 
of the death of her husband, had prevailed upon her 
to consent to marry him, the next day being fixed 
for the wedding. Early next morning Sir Colin, 
still in the disguise of a beggar, set out for Kil- 
churn Castle. As he stood in the courtyard of the 
Castle a servant asked him what he wanted. "To 



38 History of the Campbell Family 

have my hunger satisfied and my thirst quenched/' 
was his reply. Food and liquor were brought him. 
He partook of the food, but refused the latter, ex- 
cept from the hand of the lady herself. Being told 
of this, she came and handed him a cup of wine. 
Sir Colin drank, and dropping a ring into the empty 
cup returned it to her. She recognized the ring as 
her own gift to her husband, and threw herself into 
his arms. The baron Mac Corquadale was after- 
wards attacked and overcome by Sir Colin's son 
and successor, who is said to have taken possession 
of his castle and estates. The date of Sir Colin's 
death is by some given as prior to June, 1478, while 
other writers state that he died in 1498, full of age 
and honors, and was buried at the west end of 
Loch Tay, in the Chapel of the Blessed Virgin at 
Finlarig, which became the tomb of the family. He 
was four times married. His first wife was a 
daughter of Duncan, Earl of Lennox, who died 
without issue. By his second. Lady Margaret Stew- 
art, daughter and co-heiress of John, Lord of Lorn, 
he had Duncan, his heir. With her, he received the 
third of the lands of Lorn and quarters the arms 
of Lorn with his own. He married, thirdly, Mar- 
garet Robertson of Strowan. A daughter of this 
marriage, Margaret, married Napier of Merchis- 
ton of whom Lord Napier and Ettrick is descended. 
His fourth wife was Margaret, daughter of Luke 
Stirling of Keir. By her he had John, ancestor of 
the family of Lawers and a daughter, Margaret, 
married to William Stewart of Ballindoran or Bal- 
quihidder. 

He was succeeded by his son. Sir Duncan, who 
obtained, from James IV, charters for Glenlyon, 



History of the Campbell Family 39 

Finlarig, and for the Port of Loch Tay; also for 
the bailiary of these lands. The many risings of 
the Clan MacrGegor gave the Campbells the oppor- 
tunity to suppress them, for which they obtained 
grants of the lands of that clan from the Crown. 
Sir Duncan was killed, With his kinsman of Argyll, 
at the Battle of Flodden, 1513. He had three sons. 
Sir Colin, Archibald, ancestor of the Campbells of 
Glenlyon, and Patrick. 

Sir Colin Campbell of Glenurchy succeeded his 
father and had three sons. Sir Duncan, John and 
Colin, and a daughter, Catherine, who married Sir 
William Murray of TuUibardine, ancestor of the 
Duke of Athole. 

The next laird of Glenurchy, Sir Duncan, died 
without male issue, and was succeeded by his 
brother, Sir John, who also died without male issue. 

The youngest of the three brothers, Sir Colin, 
succeeded and was an active reformer of Church 
government about the years 1560-73, during which 
period he sat in Parliament. He died 11th April, 
1583. By his wife, Catherine, daughter of Lord 
Ruthven, he had four sons. Sir Duncan, his heir; 
Colin of Ardbeath, Patrick and Archibald. By the 
marriages of his four daughters the family of 
Glenurchy was strengthened by many noble alli- 
ances. Beatrix married Sir John Campbell of 
Lawers ; from a younger son of Beatrix and Sir John 
the family of Campbell of Aberuchill took descent; 
Margaret, married to the Earl of Glencairn, was 
mother to his heir, also to Lady Cunningham of 
Glengarnock, the Marchioness of Hamilton and to 
Lady Hamilton of Evandale, afterwards Lady Max- 
well of Calderwood. Mary, another daughter of 



40 History of the Campbell Family 

Sir Colin, married, first, William Earl of Mentieth, 
and after his death, Sir Colin Campbell of Lundie, 
son of the sixth Earl of Argyll ; Elizabeth married 
Sir John Campbell of Ardkinglass. 

The first Baronet of Glenurchy, Sir Duncan 
Campbell, succeeded his father, and was named by 
James VI one of the Barons that assisted at the cor- 
onation of his Queen, Anne, 18th May, 1590. In 
1625 he was created a Baronet, receiving at the 
same time a grant of 15,000 acres of land in Nova 
Scotia. He was probably the first of the Scottish 
lairds to bring in fallow deer, for it is recorded in 
the Black Book of Taymouth, that in 1614 he took 
a lease of the Isle of Inchesaile from the Earl of 
Argyll, and in 1615 "put fallow deir and cunnyngis" 
therein. He died in 1631. 

In 1681, Sir John Campbell of Glenurchy, named 
Ian Glass from his dark complexion, obtained a pat- 
ent creating him Earl of Breadalbane and Holland. 
It has been said of him that he was as cunning as 
a fox, wise as a serpent and slippery as an eel. On 
his marriage, in 1657, to Lady Mary Rich, daughter 
of the Earl of Holland, he received as^her dowry 
the then considerable sum of £10,000, which was 
paid in coin and placed on the back of a strong geld- 
ing, guarded on each side by a well armed, sturdy 
Highlander from London to Breadalbane. 

For the modest sum of £12,000 the Earl of Bread- 
albane, in 1691, undertook to pacify the Highlands. 
The Government supplied him with the money, it 
being understood that with this sum the Earl would 
buy the allegiance of the most important chieftains. 
They demanded more than he had intended to give 
them, and Breadalbane had to part with every 
penny. 



History of the Campbell Family 41 

Conspicuous among the chieftains who had upset 
the Earl's calculations was Alexander MacDonald, 
chief of a small but warlike clan that dwelt in the 
Vale of Glencoe, one of the wildest and most inacces- 
sible of the West Highland glens. 

"The Vale, by eagle-haunted cliffs o'erhung, 
Where Fingal fought and Ossian's harp was 
strung." 

The clan had frequently given the Campbells, its 
nearest neighbors, good cause to remember it. 
When it was announced that every chieftain ih the 
Highlands should take the oath of allegiance before 
the 1st of January, 1692, Alexander MacDonald of 
Glencoe postponed taking the required oath until 
the stipulated time had nearly elapsed. When he 
set out for the purpose of complying with the order, 
he was detained by the snowdrifts in the passes. He 
reached Fort William a few days before the expira- 
tion of December, but found that the Governor of 
the fort was not empowered to administer the oath, 
but gave him a letter to Sir Colin Campbell of 
Arkdinglass, sheriff -depute of Argyll. The weather 
still retarded his journey, and was so severe that 
the sheriff was detained three days before he could 
meet Glencoe at Inverary. On the earnest solicita- 
tion of the old chieftain, Ardkinglass administered 
the oath, and Glencoe, having, on January 6th, 
sworn allegiance, returned home believing himself 
and his clansmen were now in safety. Meanwhile 
Breadalbane had gone to London ; Dalr3miple, Mas- 
ter of Stair, then Secretary for Scotland, had been 
arranging a plan for extirpating the MacDonalds, 
and a proclamation was drawn up and signed by 



42 History of the Campbell Family 

the Kins: : ''It will be proper for the vindicatioii of 
publick justice to extirpate that sett of thieves. 
W. R." On the 1st of February, Captain Robert 
Campbell, of Glenlyon, with 120 men of Argyll's 
regiment, entered Glencoe under pretense of quar- 
tering there in friendship, and for almost a fort- 
night the slayers and the appointed victims spent 
the time in merriment. At five o'clock on the mom- 
ing of the 13th February, the crack of musket shots 
let the MacDonalds know why the soldiers had 
come among them. Thirty-eight, including the old 
chief and his two sons, were sh6t down. How many 
of the fugitives perished among the snow-clad hills 
will never be known. 

Another titled branch of the Clan Campbell is 
that of Campbell of Cawdor, the founder of which 
family was Sir John Campbell, third son of the sec- 
ond Earl of Argyll. The name was originally 
Calder, but it was known in the later form to 
Shakespeare, who makes the witches in Macbeth 
hail him as Thane of Cawdor. This spelling of the 
name was adopted as the family title when the peer- 
age was conferred in 1796. 

According to tradition, Muriella, the wife of Sir 
John Campbell, and heiress of Sir John Calder of 
Calder, was captured in childhood by Campbell of 
Inverliver and a party of Campbells, while out with 
her nurse near Calder Castle. After her capture 
the Campbells were conveying her to Inverary, but 
her uncle, Alexander and Hugh Calder, overtook 
them in Strathnairn, and would have rescued Mu- 
riella but for the ingenuity of Campbell of Inver- 
liver, who, seeing their approach, inverted a large 
camp kettle as if to conceal her, and commanding 



History of the Campbell Family 43 

his seven sons to defend it to the death, hurried on 
with his prize. The seven sons bravely fulfilled 
their trust, tchc they were all slain, but when the 
Calders lifted up the camp kettle, no Muriella was ' 
there. Meanwhile so much time had been gained 
by Campbell that further pursuit was useless. The 
tradition tells that the nurse, at the moment the 
child was seized, bit off a joint of her little finger, 
in order to mark her identity. Such a precaution 
would seem to have been necessary, judging from 
Campbell of Auchinbreck's reply to one who, in the 
midst of their congratulations on arriving safely 
with the heiress, asked what was to be done should 
the child die before she was marriageable. ''She 
can never die," said he, "as long as a red-haired 
lassie can be found on either side of Loch Awe." 
From this it would appear that the young heiress 
had red hair. She was married to Sir John Camp- 
bell in 1510, and from them descended another John 
Campbell, who was elevated to the peerage of Great 
Britain, 21st June, 1796, by the title of Baron 
Cawdor, and whose son, John Frederick Campbell, 
was created Earl Cawdor and Viscount Emlyn in 
1827. 

Cawdor Castle, the family seat, was built round a 
hawthorn tree, which rose like a pillar through the 
rooms of the Castle. The tradition is that a wise 
man counselled the Thane of Cawdor to load an ass 
with a chest full of gold, and to build his castle with 
the money in the chest, at the third hawthorn tree 
at which the animal should stop. 

The Campbells of Loudoun descended from Hugh 
Campbell, third son of the seventh Knight of Lo- 
chow, whose grandson, Sir Duncan Campbell, mar- 



44 History of the Campbell Family 

ried Susannah Crawfurd, the daughter and sole 
heiress of Sir Reginald Crawfurd, who died in 1303. 
By her. Sir Duncan obtained the Barony of Loudoun 
and hereditary sheriffdom of Ayr. The Barony of 
Loudoun, Ayrshire, which gave title to this noble 
branch of the house of Campbell, belonged in the 
reign of David I to one Lambinus, who was father 
of James de Loudoun, feudal Lord of Loudoun, of 
which he obtained a charter, with other lands, from 
Richard de Morville, Constable of Scotland. Sir 
James de Loudoun left an only daughter and heir- 
ess, Margaret de Loudoun, who married Sir Regi- 
nald de Crawfurd. The above Susannah Crawfurd 
was fifth in descent from Sir Reginald. From the 
marriage of Sir Duncan Campbell and Susannah 
CrawfurcJ the Loudoun estates passed from father 
to son to Sir Hugh Campbell, first Lord Loudoun, 
a Privy Councillor in the time of James VI. He 
was created a Lord of Parliament, 30th June, 1601, 
by the title Lord Campbell of Loudoun. His only 
son predeceased him, and he was succeeded by his 
granddaughter, Margaret. In 1629, Margaret Bar- 
oness Loudoun married Sir James Campbell of 
Lawers, who was elevated to the peerage 12th May, 
1633, by the titles Earl of Loudoun, Lord Tarrin- 
zean and Mauchline. 

Among the following branches of the house of 
Campbell some families claim as their immediate 
ancestor a younger son of the chief of the clan, as 
mentioned at the beginning of this chapter. Others 
named are collateral branches, sprung from cadets 
of these families, and again others are subdivisions 
of the collateral branches. The first named are 
among the families who claim immediate descent 



History of the Campbell Family 45 

from the original stock of Lochow, later of Argyll. 

The ancient family of Campbell of Craignish, 
known by the patronjrmic Clan DouU Craignish, 
dates back to about the year 1150. They took de- 
scent from Dugald Campbell, third son of Sir Archi- 
bald Campbell, fourth of the name of Campbell of 
Lochow. Dugald was fostered by the owner of 
Nether Craignish, in Argyllshire, who settled the 
estate upon him and his wife. Dugald and his pos- 
terity in a direct male line possessed the estate of 
Craignish for seven generations, until Christiana 
Campbell became the sole heiress, and part of the 
estate was acquired by the Argyll family. Ronald 
Campbell succeeded to the remaining part of the 
Barony of Craignish, from whom descended a long 
line of Campbells of Craignish. The story is told 
that Donald Campbell, who was of Craignish in 
1660, was a man of extraordinary stature. His 
arms were so long that he could place his hands 
between his knees when standing upright. The 
story says that he met and vanquished the great 
Rob Roy in the grounds of Craignish. 

A branch of the Craignish family, the Campbells 
of Inverneill and Ross, descended from Charles 
Campbell, called Chearlach Mor, a son of Campbell 
of Craignish. He lived about the year 1550. 

The progenitor of the Campbells of Duntroon 
was Duncan Campbell, said to have been the young- 
est son of Sir Colin Campbell of Lochow (MacChail- 
lan More), and to have received a charter from 
Robert Bruce in 1294. Duntroon is situated on a 
bold promontory overlooking the sea, north of the 
Crinan Canal. In the families of Campbells of Dun- 
troon, Melford and Dunstaffnage the curious prac- 



46 History of the Campbell Family 

tice has been, that whenever the head of either fam- 
ily died the chief mourners should be the other two 
lairds, even excluding the family of the deceased. The 
Campbells of Ulva, Oib, Raschoille, Rudill, Knap, 
Ellanrie, ToroboUs and Lergnachunzeon or Ashfield 
were cadets of Duntroon. Two curious stories are 
told of two members of the family of Lergnachun- 
zeon. Duncan Campbell of that family in 1592, 
when a young man, gave his sword to the smith at 
Slochmhullein, the hamlet outside Duntroon Castle, 
to sharpen. When it was ready, Duncan swung it 
round to test its balance, and inadvertently cut off 
the smith's head, being drenched with blood as a 
result. Hence his name has been handed down as 
Dhonnachie na f ola. Bloody Duncan. His son Niel's 
adventure was of another order, for he is said to 
have fallen in love with a water fairy, and used to 
leave his wife and wander away to a lonely burn 
to meet his watery affinity. Retribution, however, 
overtook Niel, for one day the fairy lost her temper, 
and by the art of magic struck him dead, his body 
being later found by the stream. 

The ancient family of Campbell of Inverawe took 
descent, from Duncan, the son of Sir Niel Campbell 
of Lochow, the son of the first MacChaillan More, 
by his second wife, the daughter of Cameron of 
Lochiel. The head of this branch of the family was 
styled Mac Dhonnachie. Duncan Campbell, a later 
Mac Dhonnachie of Inverawe, received a charter 
from Colin, first Earl of Argyll, and his son Dugal 
received a charter from the second Earl and was 
Warden of Over Lochow. The country of the Inver- 
awes lay between Loch Etive and Loch Awe, includ- 
ing a great part of Ben Cruachan. The last of the 



History of the Campbell Family 47 

family in possession of the estate was a female, 
daughter of Major Duncan Campbell of Inverawe, 
who was killed at the storming of Ticonderoga in 
1758. It is said that his death at Ticonderoga had 
been foretold to him by a spectre before leaving 
Scotland. So well known was this prediction that 
his commanding officer refrained from telling him 
the name of the fort ordered to be stormed. An- 
other story is told, that at the actual time the en- 
gagement at Ticonderoga was in progress, across 
the Atlantic, two ladies, the Misses Campbell of 
Ederlin, were walking near Inverary, when they 
were attracted by an appearance in the sky, which 
they at once recognized as a siege, and could trace 
the different regiments with their colors. They 
saw Major Campbell of Inverawe and his two sons 
cut down, and others whom they knew. They told 
the circumstances to their friends, and noted down 
the names of those they had seen; the Gazette, 
weeks afterwards, corroborating their whole state- 
ment. Sir William Hart, a physician, and his body 
servant, in the grounds of Inverary Castle, were 
also attracted by the phenomenon, and they estab- 
lished the testimony of the two ladies. 

The Campbells of Kilmartin were cadets of the 
Campbells of Inverawe, and the lands of the Camp- 
bells of Cruachan were afterwards conjoined with 
those of Kilmartin. 

Hereditary Captains and Keepers of Dunstaff- 
nage, Argyllshire, the Campbells of that name com- 
mence their family lineage with the Dugald Mohr, 
a younger son of Sir Colin Campbell of Lochow and 
his wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir John Campbell. 
As mentioned in Chapter I, Robert I granted a char- 



48 History of the Campbell Family 

ter to Arthur, fourth son of Sir Colin, of **the con- 
stabulary of Dunstaffnage/' 

The progenitor of the old family of Campbell of 
Barbreck was John Campbell, second son of Sir 
Colin Campbell of Lochow, Cailen Og, who died 
1340. Of this family the Campbells of Inverliver 
were cadets, and part of the Inverliver lands, which 
were in the parish of Eilmartin, appertained to 
the Barbreck family before being possessed by the 
Campbells of Inverliver* 

From John Campbell, the above named progeni- 
tor of the Barbreck family, the Campbells of Suc- 
coth also take descent. The first baronet of this 
family, Sir Hay Campbell, was bom 1734. He was 
Solicitor General and later Lord Advocate, which 
office he held for six years when he was appointed 
Lord President, taking his seat as Lord Succoth. 
Burns gives the following description of Hay Camp- 
bell as Lord Advocate : 

''He clench'd his pamphlets in his fist, 

He quoted and he hinted, 
Till in a declamation — ^mist 

His argument, he tint it. 
He gape'd for't, he grape'd for't, 

He land it was awa, man, 
But what his common sense came short 

He eke'd out wi' law, man." 

He was created a baronet in 1808, and died 28th 
March, 1823. 

The Ardkinglass family was an old branch of 
the house of Campbell of Argyll. Colin, the third 
son of Sir Colin Campbell of Lochow, Cailen lon- 
gataich, 1372, was designed of Ardkinglass. His 
descendant Colin, son and heir of James Campbell 
of Ardkinglass, was created a baronet in 1679. The 



History of the Campbell Family 49 

family ended in an heiress, who married into the 
Livingstone family and was the mother of Sir 
James Livingstone, Bart., whose son, Sir James 
Livingstone Campbell, was for some time Governor 
of Stirling Castle. He fought under the Duke of 
Cumberland in the Netherlands; also served in 
America in the Canadian War. He died in 1788, 
and was succeeded by his son. Sir Alexander Camp- 
bell, on whose death, in 1810, the title and estate 
descended to his cousin and next heir of entail. 
Colonel James Callander, afterwards Sir James 
Campbell of Ardkinglass. At his death without 
issue, the title became extinct. 

The family of Campbell of Skipnish originally 
branched from the house of Ardkinglass. It is re- 
corded later that Archibald Campbell, second son 
of the second Earl of Argyll, had a charter of the 
Skipnish lands. Daniel Campbell of Schawfield, the 
second son of Walter Campbell, Captain of Skip- 
nish, was the immediate ancestor of the Campbells 
of Schawfield and Islay. 

Other cadets of Ardkinglass were the families of 
Campbell of Ardintenny, Rachan, Auchwillan, Car- 
rick, Dunoon and Dernachie. 

From Colin, the progenitor of the Ardkinglass 
family, the Campbells of Blythswood also take de- 
scent. From him descended Colin Campbell of 
Elie, 1636, who married Grizel, daughter of Ross of 
Thorntoun. Their descendant, also Colin, was the 
first of Blythswood. Mary Campbell, heiress of 
Blythswood, married her cousin Colin, son of James 
Campbell of Woodside. Their two elder sons died 
without issue. Their third son, James, succeeded to 
Mains in 1705, when he assumed the name of Doug- 



50 History of the Campbell Family 

las. His descendant, Archibald Douglas, seven- 
teenth laird of Mains, resumed the name of Campbell 
on the death of his cousin, Archibald Campbell of 
Blythswood, becoming the twelfth laird of Blyths- 
wood. His son, the thirteenth laird, was created 
Baron Blythswood. 

The Campbells of Auchinbreck take descent from 
Duncan Campbell of Kilmichael, ' son of Duncan, 
first Lord Campbell, who died 1453. Archibald 
Campbell, the third of Auchinbreck, married the 
daughter of Campbell of Ardkinglass ; their fourth 
son, Archibald, being the ancestor of the families of 
Danna and Kilberry. The first baronet of Auchin- 
breck w^s Sir Dugald Campbell, who was knighted 
by James VI in 1617, and created a baronet in 1628. 

From Duncan Campbell, the ancestor of Auchin- 
breck, also descended the Campbells of Glencardel, 
Glensaddel, Westerkeams, Eilmorie and Eirkdurk- 
land. 

Tradition says that the ancestor of the Camp- 
bells of Lochnell, John Campbell, second son of 
Colin, third Earl of Argyll, obtained the descriptive 
name of John Gorm or Blue John, under the follow- 
ing circumstances. When he was a child, the Mac- 
leans of Dowart raised an immense fire, forming 
a circle round it within which they enclosed young 
John, not suffering him to escape until he was so 
discolored as ever after to retain the name of Gorm 
or Blue, from the hue of his complexion. He was 
the first of Lochnell and married Mary, sister of 
Sir James Campbell of Ardkinglass, from which 
marriage the family descended. John Campbell 
was killed at the Battle of Langside, 1561. The 
fourth laird of Lochnell, also John, was married to 



History of the Campbell Family 51 

a daughter of Campbell of Auchinbreck. While 
Auchinbreck was on a visit to Lochnell their ser- 
vants quarreled, and Lochnell, seeing his own ser- 
vant undermost, killed the other with his dirk. The 
slain man's kinsmen demanded blood for blood and 
a band of them came to be revenged on Lochnell, 
who hid in a cave which is still known as Leaba 
fholuich, the hiding bed. He was supplied with 
food by his retainers, one of whom went to him say- 
ing, "Lochnell, the best of my days are gone. Take 
you care of my wife and family. Give me your 
clothes and I will personate you and suffer death 
in your stead, when blood for blood will be satis- 
fied." He got Lochnell's clothes, was taken for 
Lochnell, shot at and killed, on the very spot to 
which he was, when a child, carried by an eagle 
from Ledaig while his mother was reaping. 

Although many of the lands which the Campbells 
added to their possessions did not come to them by 
quite such peaceable methods, the story goes that 
the lands of Torr-an-Tuirc, in Lochnell, came into 
the hands of the founder of the Lochnell family in 
the following manner : The last of the MacDugals 
of Torr-an-Tuirc was an unmarried man, who had 
resolved to make the property over to the laird of 
Dunollie's second son. With this object he took the 
title deeds to DunoUie Castle. On entering the hall 
of the Castle he unbuckled his sword, and left it 
there. While he was in another room with the laird 
of DunoUie, some of the young members of the 
family, to play a joke, took the sword from the scab- 
bard, which they filled with water. When the laird 
of Torr-an-Tuirc came back to the hall and replaced 
the sword in the scabbard, the water squirted over 



52 History of the Campbell Family 

him. Resenting the trick played upon him, he took 
away the title deeds and rode to Inverary, where he 
made over the property to John Gorm, who became 
the first of the Campbells of Lochnell. 

The Campbells of Achanduin are a branch of the 
family of Lochnell. Archibald Campbell, first of 
Achanduin, was third son of Colin Campbell, fifth 
of Lochnell. The families of Balerno and Stone- 
field are also cadets of Lochnell. 

Other branches of the Clan Campbell who trace 
their lineage from younger sons of the house of 
Campbell of Argyll, include the Campbells of Le- 
rags and South Hall, who take descent from Dun- 
can, son of Sir Niel Campbell of Lochow by his sec- 
ond wife, the daughter of Cameron of Lochiel; the 
Campbells of Glenfeachan, who descended from 
Duncan, second son of Sir Archibald Campbell of 
Lochow, 1372; the Campbells of Ellengreig, Orma- 
dale and Ottar, from younger sons of the first Lord 
Campbell, the two first named from Niel, the last 
named from Arthur (or Archibald). Thomas 
Campbell, second son of the first Earl of Argyll, 
was the progenitor of the Campbells of Lundy, and 
Donald Campbell, Abbot of Cupar and fourth son of 
the second Earl of Argyll, was the progenitor of the 
family of Eeithock. 

The families next named are cadets of the Glen- 
urchy branch, now the noble house of Campbell of 
Breadalbane. 

The immediate ancestor of the Campbells of Law- 
ers was John Campbell designed of Lawers, son of 
Sir Colin Campbell, the first of Glenurchy, by his 
fourth wife. As already mentioned, Sir Colin was 
the third son of Duncan, first Lord Campbell. 



History of the Campbell Family 53 

Sir Colin Campbell, first baronet of Aberuchill, 
was a descendant of John Campbell, the first of 
Lawers. He held various high appointments, Sher- 
iff Depute of Argyllshire in 1668, Senator of the 
College of Justice under the title of Lord Aberuchill, 
1689, Lord of Justiciary and Privy Councillor, 1690. 
The patent creating the baronetcy is lost and the 
date uncertain, but it was between January, 1667, 
and May, 1668. 

The first of the Campbells of Barcaldine was Pat- 
rick Campbell, known as Para Dhu Beg, Little 
Black Patrick, born 1592, natural son of Sir Dun- 
can Campbell, who was created first baronet of 
Glenurchy in 1625, Patrick Campbell was legiti- 
mated with his brother James, under the great seal 
of Scotland, 27th December, 1614. He obtained 
from his father Innergeldies and other lands in 
Perthshire and Barcaldine Castle in Argyll. Colin 
Campbell, the Scottish Divine, born 1644, was the 
younger son of Patrick Campbell, Para Dhu Beg. 
He had the reputation of being one of the most pro- 
found mathematicians and astronomers of his day, 
and was also author of verses and learned treatises. 
His manuscripts are now in the Library of the Uni- 
versity of Edinburgh. 

The family of Campbell of Ardeonaig was also 
a branch of the Glenurchy family, taking descent 
from Patrick, son of Sir Duncan Campbell, the first 
baronet of Glenurchy. This Patrick was known as 
Para Dhu More, or Big Black Patrick. He was 
slain, some time before 1661, on the hills of Ardeo- 
naig by a party of the outlawed MacGregors, after 
killing eighteen of them with his own sword. 

Another family claiming descent from the first 



54 History of the Campbell Family 

baronet of Glenurchy are the Campbells of Monzie, 
whose immediate ancestor was Archibald Campbell, 
a younger son by Lady Jane Stewart, his first wife. 

The Campbells of Glenlyon descended from Arch- 
ibald Campbell, second son of the second Knight 
of Glenurchy, Sir Duncan Campbell, by his wife, 
the Lady Mary Douglas. 

The Campbells of Ardbeath, Lochland and Fin- 
nab also branched from Glenurchy. 

The progenitor of the family of Ardnamurchan, 
Sir Donald Campbell, was the natural son of Sir 
John Campbell, Knight of Calder and grandson of 
the founder of the Campbells of Cawdor. Sir Don- 
ald was created a baronet in 1627, obtaining a new 
enfeoffment of Airds in 1643, with remainder to 
George Campbell, his nephew. On Sir Donald's 
death, in 1651, without male issue surviving, the 
baronetcy became extinct, the estate of Ardnamur- 
chan reverted to the Marquess of Argyll and Airds 
passed to his nephew, George Campbell. The pres- 
ent baronetcy was created in 1913, with precedence 
from 1804. 

. Also taking descent from the Cawdor family are 
the Campbells of Inverstrigan, Ardchattan, Cluny, 
Kirton, Sonachan, Ballinaly, May, Tarnish and 
Dell. 

The family of Campbell of Skeldoun branched 
from the Campbells of Loudoun. John Campbell of 
Skeldoun was provost of Ayr in 1435. 

The first of the family of Campbell of Jura was 
Duncan Campbell, born in 1596, and commonly 
known as Dhonnachie Maol, or Bald Duncan. He was 
appointed by his kinsman, the Marquess of Argyll, 
keeper of the house of Ardmaddie, with the tower 



History of the Campbell Family 55 

and fortalice thereof. By the ninth Earl of Argyll, 
he was also appointed bailie and chamberlain of 
the Island of Jura, and was universally regarded as 
the Chieftain of Jura. 

The second Earl of Marchmont, born in 1675, al- 
though born a Hume of Polwarth, on his marriage 
to Margaret, daughter and heiress of Sir George 
Campbell of Cessnock, assumed the name of Camp- 
bell and was knighted by the style of Sir Alexander 
Campbell of Cessnock. In 1704 he was appointed a 
Lord of Session and took his seat on the bench as 
Lord Cessnock. In 1714 he resigned his seat, and in 
the 1715 rising organized four hundred men of the 
Berwickshire Militia in defense of the Hanoverian 
dynasty. From that year until 1721 he was Am- 
bassador at Copenhagen. On the death of his father, 
in 1724, he succeeded to the Earldom of March- 
mont, and in 1725 was invested with the Order of 
the Thistle, lie died in 1740 and was buried in 
the Canongate Churchyard, Edinburgh. On the 
death of his son, in 1794, the title of Earl of March- 
mont became extinct. 

The ancient clans of Maclver and MacArthur are 
both branches of the Clan Campbell, and trace their 
descent from the original stock. The former are 
descended from Iver, son of Duncan, Lord of Lo- 
chow, who was son of Sir Archibald, second son of 
Malcolm of Lochow, by the heiress of Beauchamp 
in France, who was a daughter of the sister of Will- 
iam the Conqueror. Iver lived in the reign of King 
Malcolm IV (1153-1165). The descendants from 
Iver, to distinguish themselves from the other 
branches of the family of Argyll, were called Mac- 
lver, or son of Iver. The lands of Lergachonzie 



56 History of the Campbell Family 

and Asknish were given to Iver for his patrimony. 
Malcolm Maclver of Lergachonzie is fourth in the 
list of eleven barons whose names occur in the Sher- 
iffdom of Lorn or Argyll, which was erected by an 
ordinance of King John Baliol, dated at Scone, 10th 
February, 1292. The family later bore the surname 
of Campbell and of the family of Maclver, being 
known as Maclver-Campbell of Asknish. 

The family of Maclver-Campbell of Ballochyle 
take descent from Charles Campbell of Ballochyle, 
third son of Alexander Maclver of Ballochyle and 
Kilbride, who on 11th August, 1658, obtained a 
charter from Archibald, Marquess of Argyll, his 
chief, for the lands of Ballochyle. 

The family of Campbell of Ardlarich in Craignish 
was also a branch of the Maclvers. 

The Clan MacArthur long disputed the seniority 
with the family of Argyll, but their chief, John 
MacArtair, was beheaded by James I of Scotland 
(1406-1436), and his lands were forfeited. At sub- 
sequent periods the MacArthurs obtained Stra'chur 
in Cowal, from which they are designated, and 
also portions of Glenfalloch and Glendochart. 

MacCaillirean, the ancestor of the Campbells in 
Muckairn, was an armourer, that is a maker of 
swords, dirks, coats of mail and so forth. He be- 
came famous for his skilled workmanship, and his 
arrow heads were particularly prized. "An arrow 
head from MacCaillirean the Smith," became a pro- 
verbial saying, and the family of Campbell of Muc- 
kairn were known from him as the Goibhnean or 
smiths. 




CHAPTER IV 

OLLOWING the early days of the Clan 
Campbell, as represented by the Argyll 
and kindred families, came the later era 
when Campbells of succeeding genera- 
tions acted various parts in the life and history of 
their times. In the present chapter reference is 
made to those who flourished in the old country dur- 
ing the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, Jeav- 
ing notable members of the family of a later date to 
be considered with the more modern bearers of the 
name. In like manner, an account of the Campbells 
who won honor and distinction in their new home in 
America, will be found in other chapters. 

A father and son of the name of Campbell were 
both Lord Mayors of London, the father in 1609 and 
the son in 1629. Sir Thomas Campbell was elected 
an Alderman of the City of London in 1599 and 
again in 1610, shaving meanwhile been Sheriff of 
London in 1600 and Lord Mayor in 1609. He was 
knighted at Whitehall 26th July, 1603. His son 
James, born 1570, was Sheriff of London 1619, Al- 
derman, 1620, and Lord Mayor in 1629. He was 
knighted during his mayoralty, and presented a 
handsome cup to the King on the occasion of the 
christening of Prince Charles, 15th June, 1630. Sir 
James Campbell died in 1641. 

Sir James Campbell of Lawers was born in 1667. 
He was Lieutenant-Colonel of the 2nd Dragoons or 
Scots Greys and greatly distiguished himself at the 

57 



58 History of the Campbell Family 

hard fought battle of Malplaquet in 1709. The ob- 
stinate resistance of the French was making the 
issue of the battle doubtful, when Campbell, though 
ordered not to move, suddenly charged with his 
Scots Greys right through the enemy's line and 
back again. On the following day. Prince Eugene 
publicly thanked Colonel Campbell before the whole 
army for exceeding his orders. When war was 
again declared against France, Campbell repeated 
his splendid action. At the Battle of Dettingen, 
1743, at the head of the cavalry, he charged the 
Maison du roi, or household troops of France; and 
was invested a Knight of the Bath before the whole 
army on the field of battle by George II. He was 
killed at the Battle of Fontenoy, 30th April, 1745. 

A remarkable member of the Campbell family 
lived and flourished at this period, his life and ac- 
tions affording a striking proof of the superstitious 
character of the times. Duncan Campbell, a pro- 
fessed soothsayer, was born about 1680, and 
claimed that his father, a native of Argyllshire, had 
been wrecked on the coast of Lapland, where he 
married "a lady of consequence" in that country. 
After the death of the Lapland ''lady of conse- 
quence," the father returned to Scotland, bringing 
with him the boy Duncan, who was deaf and dumb. 
He early manifested remarkable gifts, and in 1694 
went to London, where his predictions and fortune- 
telling soon attracted wide notoriety. He obtained 
large sums from fashionable society, which rushed 
to consult him. Having read a wealthy young wid- 
ow's fortune in his own favor, he took a house in 
Monmouth Street and became a great centre of 
attraction. A contemporary print states that his 



History of the Campbell Family 59 

visitors paid "his own rates for the interpretation 
they put upon his shrugs and nods," and he is thus 
referred to in the Spectator : "Everyone has heard 
of the famous conjurer who, according to the opin- 
ion of the vulgar, has studied himself dumb." Defoe 
published "The History of the Life and Adventures 
of Mr. Duncan Campbell, a gentleman who, though 
deaf and dumb, writes down any strange name at 
first sight, with their future contingencies of for- 
tune." Campbell was presented to the King in 
1720. In 1726 he launched out as a vender of mi- 
raculous medicines, drawing public attention 
thereto in a pamphlet entitled, "The Friendly 
Demon ; or the Generous Apparition. Being a True 
Narrative of a Miraculous Cure newly performed 
upon that famous Deaf and Dumb Gentleman, Mr. 
Duncan Campbell, by a familiar spirit that appeared 
to him in a White Surplice like a Cathedral Singing 
Boy." The cure offered consisted of his "Pulvis 
Miraculosus and finest Egyptian Loadstones." 
Campbell died after a severe illness in 1730. 

The first and second Dukes of Argyll figured 
prominently in the important transactions of these 
times. Archibald Campbell, the first Duke, was the 
son of the ninth Earl. When the Argyll estates 
had been attainted on the execution of his father 
in 1685, and hordes of Atholmen came to Inverary, 
Archibald Campbell, the then young Earl, hurriedly 
hid in a cleft of the Creag-bhan or WJiite Rock. 
All that one of his followers could do to help him, 
was to make up a parcel of barley meal, hide it in 
his plaid and when passing the cleft in the rock, 
drop the meal to where the Earl lay — since known 
as Leabaid-an-Iarla, the Earl's Bed. The Earl 



60 History of the Campbell Family 

escaped to Holland from whence he returned with 
William of Orange. He is reported to have said 
afterwards, that the crowdy of barley meal he made 
in his shoe while in hiding had been the meal he 
most relishe4 in his life. On the accession of 
William and Mary, in 1689, he was admitted into 
the Convention of the Scottish Estates as Earl of 
Argyll, and on 5th June of the same year his father's 
forfeiture was rescinded. Argyll was one of the 
commissioners to offer the crown of Scotland to 
William and* Mary, and administered to them the 
coronation oath. When, through the mediation of 
Breadalbane, all the Highland clans, with the excep- 
tion of Glencoe, gave in their submission within 
the prescribed time, Argyll informed the govern- 
ment of Glencoe's failure to comply with the letter 
of the law. Together with Breadalbane and Sir 
John Dalrymple he concerted measures for the 
punishment of the MacDonalds, and men of the 
regiment which he had raised in his own territory 
accompanied Campbell of Glenlyon to the Vale on the 
occasion of the massacre. On 23rd June, 1701, he 
was created Duke of Argyll and Marquess of Lorn, 
and died at Newcastle on his way to Scotland in 
1703. On his remains being brought to Edinburgh, 
they were joined by those of his two predecessors, 
Archibald, Marquess of Argyll, and Archibald, ninth 
Earl, which had been deposited in the family vault 
of the Marquess of Lothian at Newbattle since their 
execution in 1661 and 1685. From Edinburgh they 
were carried to Dungas, on the banks of the Clyde 
about four miles from Dumbarton. Here a numer- 
ous gathering of clansmen awaited them, and the 
remains of the beheaded Marquess and Earl were 



History of the Campbell Family 61 

shown, their heads properly disposed in their places 
in the coffins. The remains of the three illustrious 
personages were put on board a principal barge, 
decorated with their arms and suitable devices. 
They sailed down the Clyde with the numerous at- 
tendants in other craft, arranged under their vari- 
ous chieftains, and the procession was closed by 
pipers playing high martial airs. The fortress at 
Dumbarton Castle saluted with minute guns as they 
passed. Having arrived at Kilmun, the burying 
place of the family of Argyll, the usual ceremonies 
were performed with all due solemnity, and the 
three interred in the mausoleum of their ancestors. 
His eldest son John, known as John Roy, suc- 
ceeded him as second Duke of Argyll, and later, also 
Duke of Greenwich. In 1706, the Duke made a cam- 
paign in Flanders under Marlborough, and greatly 
distinguished himself at the Battles of Ramillies and 
Malplaquet. At the latter battle, in 1709, he dis- 
lodged the enemy from the woods at Sart and had 
various narrow escapes, several musket balls having 
passed through his coat, hat and periwig. In con- 
nection with his narrow escapes, a tale much 
credited at the time is told. It is said that on the 
morning the Duke left Inverary for the war, he was 
met at Boshang by an old man named Sinclair, 
who presented him with a small round stone taken 
out of the head of a white otter that the sea had 
cast ashore, and which bore a charm. The man 
said, "If you will accept this from me, you will 
live to come back to your own country again." The 
Duke accepted; and the story has it that after a 
hard fought battle he would unbutton his coat and 
give himself a shake, when the bullets would fly 



62 History of the Campbell Family 

off him as snowflakes fly off a person when shaking 
himself! At the breaking out of the rebellion of 
1715, the Duke, as commander in chief in Scotland, 
defeated the Earl of Mar's army at Sheriffmuir, 
and forced the Pretender to retire from the king- 
dom. In 1718, he was created Duke of Greenwich, 
Field Marshal and commander in chief of all the 
forces. He died 4th October, 1743, and a marble 
monument was erected to his memory in West- 
minster Abbey. Sir Walter Scott introduced the 
Duke in "The Heart of Midlothian,'' as befriending 
Jeannie Deans, and his brilliant career, both as 
soldier and statesman, is referred to by Pope in the 
lines, 

"Argyll, the state's whole thunder born to wield, 
And shake alike the senate and the field." 

John Campbell, fourth Earl of Loudoun, was born 
in 1705, and succeeded his father in 1731. He 
entered the army in 1727, was appointed Governor 
of Stirling Castle in April, 1741, and became aide- 
de-camp to the King in July, 1743. On the out- 
break of the rebellion, in 1745, he raised a regiment 
of Highlanders on behalf of the Government, and 
acted as Adjutant General with Sir John Cope. 
After the Battle of Preston, where almost the whole 
of his regiment was killed, he went north by sea to 
Inverness, where he raised over 2,000 men with 
whom he relieved Fort Augustus, which was block- 
aded by the Erasers under the Master of Lovat. 
He then marched to Castle Dounie, the seat of Lord 
Lovat, whom he brought to Inverness, as a hostage 
till the Clan Eraser should deliver up their arms. 
Lord Lovat, however, escaped during the night, 



History of the Campbell Family 63 

from the house in which he was confined. In 1756, 
the Earl of Loudoun was appointed Governor of 
the Province of Virginia, and commander in chief 
of all the forces in America. He later served in 
Portugal, and died in 1782. 

John Campbell, a clever, versatile and industrious 
Scottish writer, was born in 1708. He was the 
author of the "Military History of Prince Eugene 
and the Duke of Marlborough," "A Political Survey 
of Britain" and "Lives of the Admirals," which 
had a great run, and was translated into German. 
He had a large share also in the preparation of the 
"Biographia Britannica." His writings embraced 
a wide range of subjects, from "A Treatise on the 
Trade of Great Britain with America" and "A 
Discourse on Providence," to "A Vade Mecum; or 
Companion for the Unmarried Ladies wherein are 
laid down some examples whereby to direct them 
in the choice of husbands." He died in 1775. 

From apprentice on a small Scottish coasting 
vessel to Vice- Admiral of the Navy was the remark- 
able advancement of John Campbell, the son of a 
Kirkcudbrightshire minister. He was born in 1720, 
bound apprentice to the master of a coasting vessel, 
and entered the Navy by offering himself in ex- 
change for the mate of the vessel, who had been 
taken by the press-gang. After serving three years 
in the Blenheim, Torbay and Russell he was, in 
1740, appointed to the Centurion and sailed in her 
round the world with Commodore Anson, as mid- 
shipman, master's mate and master. He passed 
for Lieutenant, gained promotion to Commander 
and was second Captain of the Royal George when 
Lord Anson took command of the fleet. While serv- 



64 History of the Campbell Family 

ing later as Flag Captain to Sir Edward Hawke 
he was sent home with dispatches. Lord Anson took 
him to be presented to the King, and on the way- 
told him that the King would Knight him if he 
wished. "Troth, my Lord,'* answered Campbell, 
"I ken nae use that will be to me.'' "But," said 
Lord Anson, "your lady may like it." "Aweel," 
replied Campbell, "His Majesty may Knight her if 
he pleases." He' was never Knighted. In 1778, 
Admiral Keppel chose him as first Captain of the 
Victory, and he attained the rank of Vice-Admiral 
in 1779. In 1782, he was appointed Governor of 
Newfoundland and commander in chief on that 
station. He held that office for four years, and died 
in London, in 1790. 

Colin Campbell, architect, was a native of Scot- 
land. About 1715-1720 he built Wanstead House, 
Essex, described as one of the noblest houses, not 
only in England, but in Europe. Campbell also 
built the Rolls House in Chancery Lane, London, 
and Drumlanrig Castle. He was appointed architect 
to the Prince of Wales in 1725. He published three 
volumes of illustrations of buildings, with the title 
"Vitruvius Britannicus, or the British Architect," 
1717-1725. He died 13th September, 1729. 

One of the "Two Beautiful Gunnings," famous 
beauties of the Courts of George II and III, became 
Elizabeth, Duchess of Argyll. She was presented 
at Court in 1751, at the age of eighteen. First 
married to James, sixth Duke of Hamilton in 1752, 
she married as her second husband the fifth Duke 
of Argyll on 3rd March, 1759. She died in 1790, 
having been the wife of two Dukes and the mother 
of four, namely, the seventh and eighth Dukes of 



History of the Campbell Family 65 

Hamilton and the sixth and seventh Dukes of Argyll. 

Sir Archibald Campbell of Inverneill was born 
21st August, 1739. He entered the army as Captain 
in the Fraser Highlanders, raised for service in 
America. With them he went through the campaign 
in North America and was wounded at the taking 
of Quebec in 1758. He afterwards served with the 
42nd Highlanders in India. In 1775, Simon Fraser 
again raised a regiment of Highlanders for service 
in the American War of Independence, and Camp- 
bell was selected for Lieut.-Colonel of the 2nd 
battalion. On his arrival in America the ship 
entered Boston harbor while the city was in the 
hands of the American forces, and he was held 
prisoner until exchanged for Ethan Allen. He then, 
as Brigadier-General, took command of the forces 
in Georgia which captured Savannah. On his re- 
turn to England he was appointed Governor of 
Jamaica with the rank of Major-General. While 
holding this appointment he was active in checking 
the French, and on his return from Jamaica was 
chosen Governor and commander in chief at 
Madras. He died in 1791 and was buried in West- 
minster Abbey. 

Willielma Campbell, Viscountess Glenurchy, born 
1741, wife of the eldest son of the then Earl of 
Breadalbane, adopted peculiar religious views, and 
built chapels for her followers in Edinburgh, Car- 
lisle, Matlock and Strathfillan on the Breadalbane 
property. From her high rank and great consistency 
and earnestness her name became a household word 
in Scotl&nd. She died in 1786. 

Highland Mary, the inspiration of some of Burns' 
most beautiful songs and of the elegy, "To Mary in 



66 History of the Campbell Family 

Heaven," was a Campbell; Mary, the daughter of 
one Archibald Campbell, a sailor in a revenue cutter 
at Campbelltown. Burns describes her as, "a warm 
hearted, charming young creature as ever blessed a 
man with generous love." 

"She has my heart, she has my hand 
My secret troth, and honor's band! 
'Till the mortal stroke shall lay me low 
I'm thine, my Highland lassie, 0." 

After her death the great poet perpetuated her 
memory in the beautiful poem "Highland Mary." 

"But 0, fell Death's untimely frost. 

That nipt my flower sae early! 
Now green's the sod, and cauld's the clay. 

That wraps my Highland Mary." 

Connected with the Clan Campbell is a name 
that will never cease to be a theme of popular story, 
for Rob Roy, in Scottish legend, occupies a place 
almost equalling that of Robin Hood in England. 
Robert MacGregor, or Campbell, was born of the 
Clan MacGregor, in 1671, but at the time of his 
birth it being a felony to bear the name MacGregor, 
he adopted the maiden name of his mother, Mar- 
garet Campbell, daughter of a younger son of 
Campbell of Glenurchy. When the Duke of Mont- 
rose got Rob Roy outlawed, John, second Duke of 
Argyll permitted him to build a house at the foot 
of Ben Buie, near Inverary, where Rob resided for 
seven years. 

The Brooch of Lorn was for some centuries in 
the Campbell family. This brooch, referred to by 
Sir Walter Scott as "the brooch of burning gold," 



History of the Campbell Family 67 

belonged at one time to Robert Bruce. After the 
defeat at Methven in 1306, Bruce was closely pressed 
by the followers of MacDugal of Lorn, who seized 
hold of the monarch's plaid, and had not the brooch 
which fastened his plaid given way, Bruce would 
have been taken prisoner. The Brooch of Lorn was 
said to have been the identical brooth left in the 
grasp of his pursuers. From the taking of Gylen 
Castle in 1647, the brooch remained in the posses- 
sion of the Campbells, until Campbell of Lochnell 
presented it to MacDugal of DunoUie in 1825. It 
was subsequently lost in a fire which destroyed the 
temporary residence of MacDugal. 

The origin of the stirring and popular air, "The 
Campbells are Coming," has been the subject of 
many conflicting statements. It has been said that 
it was first used as a song composed at the time 
Mary, Queen of Scots, was imprisoned in Loch 
Leven Castle. The most probable account, however, 
is, that it was the gathering tune of the Clan Camp- 
bell during the rising of 1715. The air is familiar 
to all; the words, not so generally known, are as 
follows : 



The Campbells are coming, 0-ho, 0-ho! 

The Campbells are coming, 0-ho! 
The Campbells are coming to bonnie Lochleven! 

The Campbells are coming, 0-ho, 0-ho! 

Upon the Lomonds I lay, I lay ; 

Upon the Lomonds I lay; 
I lookit doun to bonnie Lochleven, 

And saw three perches play. 

Great Argyle he goes before; 
He makes the cannons and guns to roar ; 



68 History of the Campbell Family 

WV sound o' trumpet, pipe, and drum ; 
The Campbflls are coming, 0-ho, 0-ho! 

The Campbell i they are a' in arms, 
Their loyal faith and truth to show. 

With banners rattling in the wind ; 
The Camplells are coming, 0-ho, 0-ho! 



CHAPTER V 

ENT with the period during 
Archibald Campbell, seventh Earl, 
id of the house of Argyll, English 
and merchants set out to estab- 
lish colonies in the new world of America. A patent 
of colonization for Virginia was granted in 1577 to 
Sir Humphrey Gilbert, and in 1607 the first per- 
manent English settlement was formed by a small 
body of colonists at Jamestown and other points 
along the James River, which later became the 
Province of Virginia. The historic "Mayflower" 
arrived in 1620 with the founders of the Plymouth 
colony, and within sixty years after the first settle- 
ment on the James River, seven colonies were estab- 
lished on the coast of North America ; Virginia and 
Maryland in the south ; Plymouth and Massachusetts 
Bay, Connecticut and Rhode Island, in New Eng- 
land ; and between the two groups of English settle- 
ments, the Dutch colony of New Netherlands on the 
Hudson. 

Many circumstances contributed to the migration 
of Scottish settlers to the newly founded colonies. 
In the case of the Clan Campbell, the clan was 
numerous, changing conditions in the Highlands 
rendered it increasingly difiicult to produce a living 
from the land, and the surplus population began to 
flow into the colonies. Another motive, religion, 
led forth, from both Scotland and the north of 
Ireland, many emigrants who wished to live in 



70 History of the Campbell Family 

beliefs, and follow forms of religion, which were 
not tolerated at home ; a motive as old as the time 
of Moses, who cited to Pharaoh the reason for the 
Exodus from Egypt, '*We must go three days' jour- 
ney into the wilderness to offer a sacrifice unto the 
Lord our God." Again, many possessed of an ad- 
venturous spirit, convinced of the truth that, "They 
wha hae a gude Scottish tongue in their head are 
fit to gang ower the world," said farewell to their 
kin and their native hills and glens, seeking fame 
and fortune in the new land. The sailing of an 
emigrant ship in those days was an occasion of 
general sorrowing, and Boswell relates that those 
left behind cast themselves weeping on the shore, 
for it was not thought that those departing would 
ever return "home" again. Neil Munro in his poem, 
"John o' Lorn," expresses this : 

"My plaid is on my shoulder and the boat is on the 
shore. 
And it's all bye wi' auld days and you ; 
Here's a health and here's a heartbreak, for it's 
home, my dear, no more. 
To the green glens, the fine glens we knew." 

During the Commonwealth, 1649 to 1660, a large 
number of Scottish emigrants crossed the ocean to 
the New England colonies, and, in 1679, we find 
Hugh Campbell, established as a merchant in Bos- 
ton, attending to the interests of the immigrants 
from his native country. "Att a Gennerall Court 
specially called by the Govno. and assistants at 
Boston and held there the 4th of February, 1679. 
In ansr. to the petition of Mr. Hugh Campbell, Scotch 
merchant in Boston, this court judgeth it meete 
to allow to the petitioner, on behalf e of such as may 



History of the Campbell Family 71 

on that account transport themselves hither, such 
accomodation to their number in the Nepmug 
country as it will aff oord, provided they come within 
two years next after this grant/' 

Under commission from the home authorities, 
Duncan Campbell of Boston was made postmaster 
for this side of the world. He had arrived in Bos- 
ton in 1685, a bookseller from Scotland, and it is 
recorded that he became a member of the Artillery 
Company in 1686. Captain Kidd, the pirate, and his 
wife took lodgings at Duncan Campbell's, when the 
pirate was summoned to Boston by the Earl of Bello- 
mont for examination regarding the first charges of 
piracy against him. Campbell's house was reckoned 
the most luxurious house of entertainment in Bos- 
ton, and it was here that the Earl of Bellomont 
himself had stayed only a few weeks before. At 
that time Campbell had been paid £7.6.4 for acting 
as host to the Earl. Captain Kidd being a Scot and 
an acquaintance of Campbell's, Lord Bellomont had 
used the postmaster as a means of communication 
with him. Campbell is described by an English 
bookseller, Dunton, who came over with a venture 
of books in 1686, as "a bookseller, who dresses a la 
mode; who is a very virtuous person, extremely 
charming; whose company is coveted by the best 
gentlemen in Boston, nor is he less accessible to the 
fair sex." Another contemporary describes him, 
"very industrious, and I am told a lady of great 
fortune is fallen in love with him." 

John Campbell, who is supposed to have been 
the brother of Duncan, was the proprietor of the 
first newspaper established on the continent of 
America, "The Boston News Letter." The first 



72 History of the Campbell Family 

issue was on the 17th April, 1704. John Campbell 
was also postmaster at Boston in succession to his 
supposed brother, but was removed from that ap- 
pointment in 1719. He continued to publish the 
"News Letter" until 1722, when it passed into the 
hands of Bartholomew Green, the printer. 

In June, 1686, the proprietors of the colony of 
East Jersey named as Governor, Lord Niel Camp- 
bell, brother of the ill-fated ninth EarL Owing to 
the downfall of Argyll, Lord Niel was seeking a 
temporary refuge from Scotland, but had little 
desire to remain in East Jersey any longer than his 
own safety demanded, and after a stay of a few 
months as Governor, returned to Scotland. A num- 
ber of persons of the name of Campbell, more or 
less intimately related to the Governor, arrived in 
New Jersey at this time. John and Archibald 
Campbell, sons of Lord Niel, both held lots in the 
new settlement at what was known as Campbell's 
Gully. John died in 1689 and Archibald in 1702. 
In the ship "Henry^ and Francis," Robert, David, 
William and John Campbell also came to East Jersey 
in 1685. 

A prominent citizen of Amboy in 1710 was John 
Campbell who signed a petition to the Governor of 
the Province of New Jersey, New York and terri- 
tories belonging thereto, complaining of the "inso- 
lent behaviour of Peter Sonans Esqr." In 1711, 
John Campbell of Amboy was commissioned High 
Sheriff of Middlesex and Somerset Counties in New 
Jersey. In 1737 the Rev. Colin Campbell was ap- 
pointed Rector of St. Mary's Church, Burlington, 
New Jersey. 

Two early records of the Province of Maryland 



History of the Campbell Family 73 

relate to members of the Campbell family. The 
name Angus Campbell is among the signatures to 
an address, dated 28th November, 1689, from "St. 
Marye's County," on the accession of William and 
Mary. And in 1692 James Campbell, with three 
companions, was before the General Assembly of 
the Province, charged with singing a treasonable 
song; but he and the other songsters were granted 
"pardon upon submission and penetency itt being 
their first fact." And they had to prove their "sub- 
mission and penetency" upon their knees. 

The Rev. Isaac Campbell, born in Scotland, was 
ordained and licensed by the Bishop of London 
for Virginia, 6th July, 1747. He became incumbent 
of Trinity Parish, Newport, Maryland, in 1748, and 
was for thirty-six years in charge of the parish, 
until his death in 1784. 

James Campbell landed at Boston in 1708. He 
was born at Londonderry, Ireland, 1690, the son 
of William Campbell of Campbelltown, Argyllshire. 
This William Campbell, a cadet of the house of 
Auchinbreck, was engaged in Monmouth's rebellion 
and escaped to Ireland, where he served as Lieut- 
Colonel at the siege of Londonderry. James Camp- 
bell removed from Boston in 1735, to Londonderry, 
New Hampshire, and from there to Cherry Valley, 
New York. 

Black David and White David were the descrip- 
tive names given two cousins, early settlers in 
Virginia. The date of their arrival in America is 
not to be obtained, but Black David was born about 
1710, and first settled in Culpepper County, later 
removing to Augusta County, Virginia. 

At a General Court of Oyer and Terminer, held 



74 History of the Campbell Family 

for the Province of North Carolina at the General 
Court House in Chowan Precinct, the 28th July, 
1720, a man named Caleb Stephens was charged 
with "feloniously taking away the boxes or knaves 
of a pair of cartwheels belonging to Archibald 
Campbell." Other early records of Campbells in 
North Carolina relate to grants of land to Hugh 
Campbell in 1735 and to Duncan Campbell and 
James Campbell in 1740. In 1739 and 1740, Colin 
Campbell brought a number of Scottish settlers to 
the Province, and towards their subsistence the sum 
of £1,000 was granted "out of the Publick money," 
as an encouragement to other settlers from Europe. 
John Campbell was elected Speaker of the North 
Carolina General Assembly in 1754, and in 1756 a 
commission was issued appointing him Assistant 
Judge at Edenton in the same Province. 

Robert Campbell came from Scotland not long 
before the Revolutionary War, bringing with him 
six sons, Robert, James, John, William, Samuel and 
George. They settled in North Carolina, and all 
six sons were soldiers in the War of the Revolution. 

The evangelist. Rev. James Campbell, was born 
at Campbelltown, Argyllshire. He emigrated to 
America in 1730, landing at Philadelphia, but went 
to North Carolina in 1757, taking up residence on 
the left bank of the Cape Fear, a few miles above 
Fayetteville. While in America, Flora MacDonald, 
the devoted adherent of Bonnie Prince Charlie, 
worshipped at Campbell's Church. He preached in 
the "Barbacue Church" which was built in 1765, 
and died in 1781. 

Robert Campbell came to Boston from County 
Tyrone, Ireland, in 1714. Of an old Scottish family 



History of the Campbell Family 75 

which had crossed over to Ireland, he was born 
there in 1673. Campbell was one of the earliest 
settlers of Voluntoun, Connecticut, and died in 1725. 
His son, the Rev. Robert Campbell was born in 
Ireland in 1709, and came with his father to Amer- 
ica. He was pastor of the Congregational Church 
in Canaan, Connecticut, 1761, and removed with the 
church to Stillwater, Saratoga County, New York. 
Another descendant, Allen Campbell, born 1749, was 
pastor in Voluntoun, and was also a physician and 
State Senator. In May, 1733, Charles Campbell 
was confirmed by the Assembly of Connecticut to be 
Lieutenant of the Company, or trainband, in the 
town of Voluntoun. He was appointed Deputy to 
the General Assembly from the same place in 1742, 
Robert Campbell being then confirmed as Ensign of 
the trainband in his place. 

In the later part of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, 
Duncan Campbell, son of Dugal Campbell of In- 
verary, and an officer in the English army, went 
from Scotland to Ireland. In the year 1612 for- 
feitures of large estates were declared in Ulster, 
some of the forfeited lands being bought by Duncan 
Campbell. In 1726, John Campbell and Mary Camp- 
bell, two of his descendants emigrated to America. 
John Campbell, with his wife and children, first 
settled in Pennsylvania, moving from Lancaster 
County, about 1730, to Virginia. Mary Campbell, 
his sister, married Moses White, from which mar- 
riage many families of the southern and western 
part of the country are descended. 

Robert and Dugal Campbell removed from Penn- 
sylvania to Orange County, Virginia, and Patrick, 
Robert and David Campbell, sons of John Campbell, 



76 History of the Campbell Family 

went to St. Mark's parish. Orange County, between 
1732 and 1741. Subsequently Patrick Campbell 
settled in Augusta County, Virginia. Other records 
of Virginia at this period show that, in 1738, sur- 
veys of land in Augusta County were had by Robert 
Campbell and Patrick Campbell ; also that, in 1746, 
James Campbell was the owner of 570 acres of land 
in the same county. Charles Campbell and Hugh 
Campbell also settled in Virginia at this time. 

In 1720 Samuel Campbell is recorded as a land- 
owner in the Scottish settlement in the northern 
part of New London township, Pennsylvania, and 
in the same year Patrick Campbell took up land in 
Conistoga or Donegal township, Pennsylvania, and 
was connected with the Derry Church in 1724. In 
1729, on the erection of Lancaster County, he was 
the first constable of Donegal township. Between 
1735 and 1739 warrants for land in Lancaster 
County and Philadelphia were granted to the follow- 
ing bearers of the name : Andrew Campbell, 1735 ; 
John Campbell, 1736 ; William Campbell, 1738 ; and 
David Campbell, 1737-39. 

In the ship "Hope," Patrick Campbell, aged 
twenty, and John Campbell, of the same age, came 
over in 1734 and took the oath of allegiance. Ber- 
nard Campbell also came in this ship from Rot- 
terdam. 

Captain Lauchlin Campbell lived on his estate in 
the Island of Islay. In 1737 his attention was 
directed to an advertisement which Governor Cosby 
of New York had issued for the purpose of induc- 
ing emigrants from Europe to settle on the northern 
frontier of the province of New York. Land was 
promised to each family, and generous offers made 



History of the Campbell Family 77 

to settlers. Captain Lauchlin Campbell went to 
America to investigate the matter further, and the 
same year arrived in New York. In the meantime 
Governor Cosby had died, and Lieut.-Governor 
Clarke suggested that the Captain and some of his 
companions should go and inspect the land. This 
they did, and it is told that the Indians were 
charmed with their Highland costume, and that the 
Scots were "greatly caressed" j^y the red men, who 
begged them to remain. Captain Campbell went 
home to Islay, where he began to settle his affairs, 
sold his estate, and gathered together those who 
wished to return with him to America. He brought 
over to this country his own and forty families. 
He again visited the lands, was told by the authori- 
ties that a fort would be built to protect the settlers 
from the French and their Indians, and in Decem- 
ber, 1738, further promises having been made him, 
again went home to Islay. In the following August 
he brought over forty more families. Once more 
he made the long journey to Islay, returning in 
November, 1740, with thirteen families, making in 
all four hundred and twenty-three persons, "very 
capable of forming a respectable frontier for the 
security of the Province." But having made these 
expensive voyages, his troubles now began. Diffi- 
culties arose over the patents promised to him and 
his people, and, considering the terms put forward 
by the Government as a violation of the promises 
made him, he rejected the offers made by the author- 
ities. Some of the settlers petitioned for grants for 
themselves, and others enlisted in the expedition 
against Cuba. Appeals to the General Assembly 
and to the Lords of Trade proving unsuccessful, he 



78 History of the Campbell FamUy 

finally abandoned the attempt. After having ex- 
pended the greater part of his fortune in an under- 
taking which had resulted so disastrously. Captain 
Campbell found himself in sadly reduced circum- 
stances. With the renmant of his fortune he pur- 
chased a tract of land of no very great extent in 
southern Ulster, afterwards Orange County, New 
York, and there erected a dwelling for himself and 
family, calling it Campbell Hall, a name yet borne 
by the locality. Here he resided until 1745, when 
the news came that Prince Charles Edward had 
landed in Scotland, and the famous rising had oc- 
curred. Campbell was a staunch supporter of the 
existing Government, and at once decided to offer 
his services in suppressing the rising. Taking with 
him his Highland cla3anore, he sailed for Scotland, 
where he was given conmiand of a company of 
Argyllshire men. At their head he fought with dis- 
tinction, taking part in the Battle of CuUoden, 
where the Stuart cause was defeated. Two years 
later he returned to Campbell Hall, where he shortly 
afterwards died. 

After Captain Campbell's death his sons, Donald, 
George and James, entered the army, "following 
their father's principles in the hopes of better for- 
tune." They obtained commissions in the Highland 
and other regiments on service in this country, and 
fought in the French and Indian wars. Upon the 
close of hostilities, Donald and George retired as 
Lieutenants on half pay, James continuing in the 
service. Donald and George again saw active ser- 
vice in the Revolutionary War, as mentioned in a 
later chapter. In 1763, the sons and daughters of 
Captain Campbell petitioned for a grant of land, 



History of the Campbell Family 79 

and obtained a patent for ten thousand acres in 
Albany County. Later they received other grants to 
considerable extent. The daughters were all mar- 
ried, Lily to James Murray, Rose to Mr. Graham 
and Margaret to Dr. Eustace. 

The name of Campbell appears early in the rec- 
ords of New York. In 1690 James Campbell was 
commissioned town major of Albany and, in 1685, 
John Campbell petitioned for the release of goods 
which had been seized by the sheriff of Suffolk 
County. The will of Duncan Campbell is recorded 
in New York City in 1702, and the Rev. Alexander 
Campbell of the same city bore testimony as to the 
character of a missionary of the Church at Jamaica, 
Long Island, in 1731. 

In 1733, Dominie Campbell assisted in the comple- 
tion of a romance connected with one of the daugh- 
ters of Governor Cosby. Lord Fitzroy Gordon, son 
of the Duke of Grafton, fell in love with her, and 
as the Governor dare not give his consent, the match 
being considered beneath Lord Fitzroy according 
to the standard of society in England, the lovers 
determined to take the matter into their own hands. 
Accordingly Dominie Campbell was assisted to scale 
the rear wall of the fort, and marry the couple in 
secret and without license. 

Malcolm Campbell was one of the founders of the 
St. Andrews Society in 1756, and was the first 
Treasurer of the Society. Another Treasurer and 
Governor of this ancient Scottish Society was 
Samuel Campbell, described in the first issue of the 
New York City Directory 1786, as a Bookseller. His 
son, John Campbell, also became Treasurer of the 
St. Andrews Sofciety. 



80 History of the Campbell Family 

Alexander Campbell was the owner of land on 
the west side of the Hudson in 1723 and among 
grants of land made at this time are found the fol- 
lowing to members of the Campbell family : land in 
Albany County to Archibald Campbell in 1763; 
3,000 acres of land in Washington County to Cap- 
tain John Campbell in 1764; and in the same year 
tracts of land on the east side of Lake Champlain 
to Alexander Campbell and Moses Campbell. 

Alexander Campbell, of Scottish descent, born in 
Ulster County, Ireland, emigrated to this country, 
with two sons and three daughters, in 1728, and 
settled at Hawke, now Danville, New Hampshire. 
He was one of the first to introduce the Irish potato 
into the State. His son, Annas, settled in Henniker, 
New Hampshire, in 1765 and erected the first two- 
story house in the town. 

Among bearers of the name who early settled in 
Rhode Island were, Cuthbert Campbell, who was ad- 
mitted freeman of the Colony in 1718 ; John Camp- 
bell, admitted freeman in 1729 ; Robert Campbell in 
1756, and Charles Campbell, in 1759. In 1758, Tam- 
berlin Campbell was appointed Ensign, and later 
Lieutenant, among the officers to command the 
troops of the Colony in the "next campaign against 
His Majesty's enemies.'' Archibald Campbell was 
Deputy from East Greenwich, in 1768, to the Gen- 
eral Assembly of Rhode Island and the Providence 
Plantation. 

Robert Campbell came to America in 1746. His 
grandfather went from Scotland to Ireland, where 
he received a tract of land in return for serving in 
the campaign after the accession of William and 
Mary. Robert Campbell first settled near Oxford, 



History of the Campbell Family 81 

Chester County, Massachusetts, later moving to a 
farm near Wilmington, Delaware. In 1773, he and 
John Campbell, whose sister, Jaiie, he married, hired 
two men and started on horseback to find what was 
later their home in the Kishacoquillas Valley. 

During the agitation occasioned by the Stamp Act, 
Dougal Campbell was Clerk of Courts under the 
Royal Government in South Carolina. In 1766, 
Campbell refused to enter a judgment of the Court 
for want of stamps. The Assistant Judges ordered 
him to proceed without that formality, but Dougal 
interposed his objection and the controversy was 
referred to the Governor, Campbell being charged 
with disobedience. The Governor supported Camp- 
bell, stating that otherwise the Clerk would have 
been subject to all the penalties of the Stamp Act. 
The matter was carried to the Commons House of 
Assembly, who in turn referred the question to a 
Committee, but had finally to content themselves 
with passing resolutions. 

The Rev. Colin Campbell was the tenth child of 
Colin Campbell of Earnhill, Scotland, where he was 
born in 1707. He was appointed to the mission at 
St. Mary's, Burlington, and arrived there in 1788. 
His ministrations covered a period of twenty-eight 
years, during which he eked out his stipend by 
teaching, as shown by the advertisement, in 1744, 
which states that he "proposed to teach young men 
the classick authors." He died in 1766. 




CHAPTER VI 

HE precise time when aspirations for 
independence became a prevailing senti- 
ment in the colonies is difficult to deter- 
mine. As early as 1773, Patrick Henry 
is reported to have said, "Hostilities will soon com- 
mence," and some English writers declare, that 
from the beginning political independence was the 
aim of the colonies. The initial step towards the 
conflict which was to result in the declaration that, 
"these colonies are, and of right ought to be, free 
and independent states," was not, however, taken 
until the First Continental Congress met at Phila- 
delphia, on the 5th day of September, 1774. The 
second Congress followed in 1775, after which seri- 
ous thoughts of independence were generally enter- 
tained. Lexington Green, 19th April, 1775, saw the 
first shots which ushered in a war, destined to last 
through eight long years, until in 1783 the colonies 
should attain the right of self government. 

Descendants of a fighting Highlknd Clan of that 
land which Henry Scott Riddell styles, 

"The land that bears the freeman's tread, 

And never bore the slave's ; 
Where far and deep the green woods spread, 

And wild the thistle waves." 

and thus imbued with a spirit of sturdy insistence 
upon the principles of freedom, the Campbell men 
responded at the first call to arms, and gallantly 
fought with the patriot army from Lexington Green 
to Yorktown. 

82 



History of the Campbell Family 83 

The name of Campbell appears in connection with 
the first engagement of the war, the skirmish at 
Lexington. John Campbell of Lancaster, Massa- 
chusetts, was Captain of Minute Men and served 
in this battle; also at Bunker Hill and the final 
scene of the war at Yorktown. Lieutenant Moses 
Campbell is recorded as taking part in the Lexing- 
ton Alarm, and Alexander Campbell was among 
those wounded. 

One of the most distinguished bearers of the name 
during the war, was Bridagdier-General William 
Campbell, the hero of King's Mountain. He was 
born in 1744, a native of Augusta County, Virginia, 
of Scottish descent, being grandson of John Camp- 
bell, who is mentioned in the preceding chapter as 
settling in Virginia in 1730. He served as Captain 
in Lord Dunmore's War of 1774, and in 1775 was 
among the first of the regular troops raised in 
Virginia, when he was commissioned Captain. He 
assisted in compelling Lord Dunmore's evacuation 
of Gwyn's Island in 1776, and the same year was 
promoted Lieut.-Colonel of the Militia of Washing- 
ton County, obtaining further promotion to Colonel 
in 1779. Colonel Campbell was one of the six heroic 
frontier Colonels who led the troops at the Battle 
of King's Mountain; as told in the old song named 
after the Battle, 

"We marched to the Cowpens, Campbell was there, 
Shelby, Cleveland and Colonel Sevier ; 

Men of renown, sir, like lions so bold — 
Like lions undaunted, ne'er to be controlled." 

At this battle he rode down two horses, and at one 
time was seen on foot, with his coat off and his 



84 History of the Campbell Family 

collar open, fighting at the head of his men. Before 
the commencement of the battle the other Colonels 
appointed him to the chief command. He was a 
man of imposing appearance, six foot two inches in 
height, and it has been said of him, "The red haired 
Campbell, the claymore of the Argyll gleaming in 
his hand, was himself a host." The General As- 
sembly of Virginia voted to present him with a 
horse and sword; the Continental Congress also 
passing a complimentary resolution. At the Battle of 
Guilford Court House he was in command of the 
Virginia riflemen, and was promoted Brigadier- 
General by Lafayette. He also fought at Hobkirk's 
Hill and at the siege of Fort Ninety-six. At the 
siege of Yorktown he commanded the Virginia 
Militia Regiment until his death on 22nd August, 
1781. 

The settlement in Cherry Valley, New York, was 
destroyed on November 10th, 1778. Here was situ- 
ated the home of Colonel Samuel Campbell, who was 
born at Londonderry, New Hampshire, in 1738. 
He served in the Militia during the war, fought at 
the Battle of Oriskany in August, 1777, and at the 
time the enemy, assisted by Indians, attacked 
Cherry Valley, was away on duty. He returned to 
find his home destroyed, and his wife and children 
carried away into captivity. His wife was kept 
prisoner among the Seneca Indians, but her mother, 
Mrs. Cannon, being old and an encumbrance, was 
slain by an Indian with his tomahawk by the side 
of her daughter. Mrs. Campbell's children, who 
were separated from her in the Indian country, 
were all restored to her at Niagara, except one son. 
This son, James, was eventually restored at Mon- 



History of the Campbell Family 85 

treal in 1780. He had been with a tribe of the 
Mohawks, where he had forgotten the English lan- 
guage, and greeted his mother in the Indian tongue. 
The Campbell family were afterwards exchanged 
for the wife and family of Colonel Butler. In 1783 
General Washington was the guest of Colonel Camp- 
bell, who died in 1824. 

Colonel Richard Campbell was born in Virginia. 
In February, 1776, he was commissioned Captain 
and served at Pittsburgh as Major. In 1778 he was 
on the expedition against the Indians, and in the 
following year led a relief party to Fort Laurens, 
which garrison he commanded until the evacuation. 
He joined General Greene with a Regiment of 
Virginia regulars, and served with the rank of 
Lieut.-Colonel at Guilford Court House, Hobkirk's 
Hill, Fort Ninety-six and Eutaw Springs. At the 
last named battle he was mortally wounded, while 
leading the charge that drove the British from the 
field. Hearing that the enemy were in full retreat, 
he died exclaiming, "I die contented." 

Enlisting as a private in Cumberland County, 
Captain Robert Campbell joined the army in 1776. 
He was commissioned First Lieutenant in 1777, and 
was in General Sullivan's Staten Island Expedition, 
where he lost an arm and was taken prisoner. He 
rejoined his regiment in 1778, but was transferred 
to the Invalid Regiment. He took an active part in 
trying to suppress the Militia riots in Philadelphia, 
and while defending a friend from the mob was 
killed on 4th October, 1779. 

Colonel David Campbell, of Campbell's Station, 
Tennessee, was born in Augusta County, Virginia, 
1753. As Captain he saw service in the Colonial and 



86 History of the Campbell Family 

Continental Armies, and was at the Battle of Kings 
Mountain. About 1782 he removed from Abingdon, 
Virginia, to Washington County, East Tennessee, 
and thence to Strawberry Plains. A large tract of 
land was granted him for services during the War, 
and he later moved to Knox County where he built 
a station in 1787, which became known as Camp- 
bell's Station. He died in 1832. 

Another of the Campbells of Augusta County, 
Virginia, who fought in the Battle of Kings Moun- 
tain, was Colonel Robert Campbell, at that time an 
Ensign. He was bom in 1755, and served in Chris- 
tian's Campaign of 1774. He served conspicuously 
through the war, rising to the rank of Colonel. He 
is the author of a manuscript diary, and of an ac- 
count of the Battle of King's Mountain published in 
the "Boston Intelligencer" in 1810. He died in 1831. 

Colonel Arthur Campbell, born 1743, was a son 
of "White David" Campbell of Virginia. He served 
as Captain and Colonel in the War of the Revolu- 
tion. When only sixteen years old he was taken 
prisoner by the Indians. The hardships which he 
endured during the three years' captivity were very 
severe, until he was finally protected by an aged 
Chief who carried him to Canada, and to the old 
French post of Detroit. The Jesuit fathers, who had 
established a mission for the Indians, taught him 
while he was there. He escaped and was recaptured 
by the English Army in 1760, afterwards acting as 
pilot to the Colonial Army in the Northwest. He 
died in 1811. 

In the preceding chapter it was mentioned that 
Donald and George, the sons of Captain Lauchlin 
Campbell of Islay, later of Campbell Hall, both saw 



History of the Campbell Family 87 

active service in the War of the Revolution. Donald 
fought with the American forces ; George with the 
British. It is told that on Sunday morning, 23rd 
April, 1775, when the news of the Lexington en- 
counter arrived in New York from Boston, Donald 
Campbell paraded the town with drums beating and 
colors flying. He volunteered for service with the 
patriot army, and having had experience in military 
affairs was commissioned, in July 1775, Deputy 
Quartermaster General of the Department of New 
York, which office he held until 2nd June, 1784. 
When the invasion of Canada was decided upon by 
Congress, Donald Campbell was appointed second 
in command of the expedition under General Mont- 
gomery. He took part in the siege of the fortress of 
St. John, the entry into Montreal, and the attack 
upon Quebec by the united forces of Montgomery 
and Arnold. At the assault upon Quebec, when 
Arnold was wounded, Montgomery slain and his 
troops driven back, command of the New York con- 
tingent devolved upon Donald Campbell. After 
the war General Donald Campbell resided for a time 
at Campbell Hall, of which he became the owner. 

His brother George, on the outbreak of war, 
offered his services to the crown, and was appointed 
Lieut.-Colonel of Fannings Corps. He finally retired 
on half pay as Lieut.-Colonel of the British Army. 

Captain Hugh George Campbell, born in South 
Carolina in 1760, volunteered on board the first 
man of war commissioned by the Council of South 
Carolina, in 1775. After serving through the War, 
he became Master Commander in 1799 and Captain 
in 1800. Later he served in the Mediterranean, and 
in 1812 commanded some gunboats in St. Mary's 



88 History of the Campbell Family 

River during an insurrection against the Spanish 
rule in Florida. 

In the List of Continental Army Officers, the fol- 
lowing of the name of Campbell are mentioned as 
holding commissions in that section of the forces 
engaged : 

Brigadier-General William Campbell, already 
mentioned. 

Colonel Arthur Campbell, North Carolina Militia. 

Colonel Donald Campbell, New York, of Camp- 
bell Hall. 

Colonel Samuel Campbell, New York Militia, of 
Cherry Valley. 

Lieut.-Colonel Richard Campbell, 13th Virginia 
Regiment, with Washington at Valley Forge ; killed 
at Eutaw Springs, 1781. 

Captain David Campbell, Virginia Militia; at 
King's Mountain. 

Captain John Campbell, Virginia Militia; at 
King's Mountain. 

Captain Robert Campbell, Virginia Militia; at 
King's Mountain. 

Captain John Campbell, Virginia Militia; killed 
at Moore's Creek, 1776. 

Captain Duncan Campbell, New York Militia; 
wounded at Bemis's Heights, 1777. 

Captain Aeneas Campbell, 1st Maryland Battalion 
of the Flying Camp. 

Captain James Campbell, 2nd North Carolina 
Regiment; wounded and taken prisoner at Stono 
Ferry, 1779; exchanged, 1781 and served to close 
of war. 

Captain John Campbell, 10th and 4th North 
Carolina Regiments. 



History of the Campbell Family 89 

Captain Peter Campbell, New Jersey; aide-de- 
camp to General Dickinson. 

Captain Robert Campbell, Pennsylvania Rifle 
Regiment; wounded and taken prisoner at Staten 
Island, J.777, lost an arm, rejoined 1778, killed 
1779. 

Captain Thomas Campbell, Pennsylvania Bat- 
talion of the Flying Camp ; taken prisoner at Fort 
Washington, 1776, released 1778, Captain, Penn- 
sylvania Rangers 1779-1780. 

Captain Thomas Campbell, 4th Pennsylvania 
Regiment; wounded at Germantown. 

Captain William Campbell, Learned's Massa- 
chusetts Regiment. 

Captain William Campbell, 6th Pennsylvania 
Regiment ; wounded and taken prisoner at German- 
town, 1777, exchanged 1780. 

Adjutant Robert Campbell, 4th Maryland Bat- 
talion of the Flying Camp. 

Lieutenant Archibald Campbell, 2nd Virginia 
Regiment. 

Lieutenant Samuel Campbell, 14th Virginia Regi- 
ment; died 1778. 

Lieutenant Archibald Campbell, 6th Pennsylvania 
Regiment. 

Lieutenant James Campbell, Delaware Regiment ; 
taken prisoner at Camden, 1780. 

Lieutenant James Campbell, Smallwood's Mary- 
land Regiment. 

Lieutenant James Campbell, 1st Pennsylvania 
Regiment. 

Lieutenant John Campbell, 2nd Continental Artil- 
lery. 



90 History of the Campbell Family 

Lieutenant John Campbell, 1st Battalion, Penn- 
sylvania Flying Camp. 

Lieutenant John Campbell, Pennsylvania Militia ; 
killed in action, 1782. 

Lieutenant Moses Campbell, Connecticut; in the 
Lexington Alarm, April, 1775. 

Lieutenant Robert Campbell, New Hampshire 
Rangers. 

Lieutenant Robert Campbell, New York; killed 
at Oriskany, 1777. 

Lieutenant Robert Campbell, South Carolina 
Dragoons. 

Lieutenant William Campbell, Maryland Militia. 

Ensign Daniel Campbell; killed at Short Hills, 
1777. 

Ensign James Campbell, 4th New York Regiment. 

Hospital Physician and Surgeon George W. Camp- 
bell, New York. 

Surgeon Jabez Campbell, Spencer's Continental 
Regiment. 

Assistant Commissary John Campbell, New York. 

It is worthy of observation that the above list 
contains names of commissioned officers, of the 
name of Campbell, representing eleven of the then 
thirteen States: Virginia, Pennsylvania, North 
Carolina, New York, Maryland, Delaware, New 
Jersey, Connecticut, New Hampshire, South Caro- 
lina and Massachusetts. 

The name of Campbell was equally well repre- 
sented in the other troops raised by the different 
States. It is not possible to make mention of each 
member of the family who took part in the long and 
memorable war, and bravely shared the dangers 
and hardships of the patriots who fought under the 



History of the Campbell Family 91 

Stars and Stripes of the Continental Congress. 
Massachusetts alone sent 211 soldiers and sailors 
of the name of Campbell! From New York came 
72, from New Jersey 52, and from each of the thir- 
teen States the Campbell clansmen nobly answered 
to the fiery cross of the cause of freedom. Mention 
may, however, be made of the following, who, 
among others of the name, served as officers in the 
Militia and levies of the States: Colonel Alex- 
ander Campbell, Massachusetts Militia; Lieutenant- 
Colonel Alexander Campbell, J^ew York; Major 
David Campbell, Virginia; Captain Angus Camp- 
bell, Georgia; Captain William Campbell, Virginia; 
Captain John Campbell, Virginia Militia; Captain 
Alexander Campbell, Charlotte County Militia, 
New York; Captain MacCartan Campbell, South 
Carolina; Captain James Campbell, Massachusetts; 
Captain Thomas Campbell, Massachusetts; Captain 
Thomas Campbell, Pennsylvania; Captain William 
Campbell, Pennsylvania; Captain William Camp- 
bell, Maryland; Captain Robert Campbell, Penn- 
sylvania; Captain Patrick Campbell, Pennsylvania; 
Captain James Campbell, Pennsylvania; Captain 
Robert Campbell, Pennsylvania; Adjutant Robert 
Campbell, Maryland; Quarter-Master John Camp- 
bell, New Jersey; Quarter-Master Andrew Camp- 
bell, Massachusetts; Lieutenant John Campbell, 
Georgia; Lieutenant MacDonald Campbell, Penn- 
sylvania ; Lieutenant Duncan Campbell, New York ; 
Lieutenant Patrick Campbell, New York; Lieuten- 
ant Duncan Campbell, Regiment of Levies, New 
York; Lieutenant James Campbell, New York; 
Lieutenant Robert Campbell, New York; Lieu- 
tenant John Campbell, New York; Lieuten- 



92 History of the Campbell Family 

ant John Campbell, Lamb's Artillery, New 
York; Lieutenant James Campbell, Pennsyl- 
vania; Lieutenant Archibald Campbell, Penn- 
sylvania; Lieutenant David Campbell, New 
Hampshire; Lieutenant Charles Campbell, Massa- 
chusetts; Lieutenant James Campbell, Massachu- 
setts ; Lieutenant William Campbell, of Murrayfield, 
Massachusetts; Lieutenant William Campbell, of 
Oxford, Massachusetts; Lieutenant James Camp- 
bell, Maryland; Ensign John Campbell, Jr., New 
York; Ensign James Campbell, New Hampshire; 
Ensign Daniel Campbell, Pennsylvania ; Surgeon A. 
Campbell, Connecticut; Chaplain Archibald Camp- 
bell, Massachusetts. 

Letters of marque were granted to Joseph Camp- 
bell for the schooner "Cat,'* of 2 guns and 70 men ; 
to David Campbell, of the brigantine "Ariel," of 10 
guns, and to William Campbell, of the brig 
"George," of 10 guns. William Campbell was 
prize-master on the brigantine "Tyrannicide." 

Mine host William Campbell kept the Salutation 
Inn, Boston, a famous rallying place for the patriots 
during Revolutionary times. 

With the British forces engaged in the war, 114 
officers of the name of Campbell held commissions, 
including Lieutenant-General H. Fletcher Campbell, 
Major-General Sir Archibald Campbell, Major-Gen- 
eral John Campbell and Adjutant-General William 
Campbell. 

Lord William Campbell, third brother of the 
Duke of Argyll, was the Royal Governor of South 
Carolina in 1775. He escaped to a British vessel 
in Charleston harbor, and went to Jamaica. The 
following year Lord William was mortally wounded 



History of the Campbell Family 93 

while fighting on the quarterdeck of the "Bristol," 
in the attack upon Charleston. 

On the AUington heights, to the southwest of 
New Haven, Connecticut, a monument was erected 
to the memory of Adjutant-General William Camp- 
bell of the British army. This officer showed such 
a noble spirit of humanity in the discharge of his 
duty, protecting the helpless and preventing need- 
less destruction, that the citizens of New Haven 
erected this stone to perpetuate his virtues. He 
was shot by a young man, while on an errand of 
mercy. By the citizens the stone was inscribed: 
"Fell during the British Invasion of New Haven, 
July 5, 1779. Blessed Are the Merciful." 

The War of 1812 again called many Campbells to 
the colors, the following being among those of the 
name who held commissions in the Army during this 
war: 

Colonel David Campbell, 12th and 20th Regi- 
ments and 3rd Brigade ; later. Governor of Virginia. 

Colonel John B. Campbell; died of wounds re- 
ceived at the Battle of Chippewa. 

Lieutenant-Colonel John Campbell. 

Major William Campbell. 

Major James Campbell. 

Captain Henry M. Campbell; mentioned for dis- 
tinguished conduct at the Battles of Chippewa and 
Niagara Falls. 

Captain John Campbell, New York; 26tH to- 
fantry. 

Captain John Campbell, Virginia. 

Captain John Campbell, New York; 13th Infan- 
try. 

Captain I. Campbell. 



94 History of the Campbell Family 

Captain James H. Campbell. 

Captain Robert Campbell. 

Captain Thomas Campbell. 

Captain Thomas L. Campbell. 

Captain James Campbell. 

Lieutenant Caleb B. Campbell. 

Lieutenant James Campbell. 

Lieutenant John Campbell. 

Serving in the Navy were: Midshipman A. S. 
Campbell, Surgeon Charles Campbell, Midshipman 
Eben Campbell, Captain H. G. Campbell and Mid- 
shipman James Campbell. 

A distinguished soldier of the Mexican War, 
1846-1848, Colonel William B. Campbell was born 
in Sumner County, Tennessee, 1807. Elected State 
Senator in 1834, he served in Colonel Trousdale's 
Regiment in 1836. He was six years in the United 
States Congress. In the Mexican War he was Colo- 
nel of the 1st Tennessee Regiment, "The Bloody 
First," and fought at the Battles of Monterey and 
Buena Vista. Campbell himself led the charge at 
the storming of the fort at the Battle of Monterey, 
21st September, 1846, and his troops hoisted the 
first American flag on the walls of this Mexican 
city. The form of Campbell's command to charge, 
was, "Boys, follow me!", which became an historic 
expression. After the close of the war he was Cir- 
cuit Judge of his district, and Governor of the 
State in 1851. 

Other officers named Campbell who took part in 
the war with Mexico include : 

Major Brookens Campbell, Commissary. 

Captain Reuben P. Campbell ; mentioned for gal- 
lant and meritorious conduct at the Battle of Buena 



History of the Campbell Family 95 

Vista; with the Confederate States Army in the 
Civil War. 

Captain James M. Campbell, U. S. A. 

Captain John B. Campbell, U. S. A. 

Captain John A. Campbell, Illinois. 

Lieutenant Charles T. Campbell, U. S. A. 

Lieutenant Alfred C. Campbell, Illinois. 

Lieutenant John Campbell, Arkansas. 

Lieutenant John S. Campbell, Missouri. 

Lieutenant Alfred J. Campbell, Illinois: 

Lieutenant Churchill G. Campbell, Indiana. 

Lieutenant David Campbell, Kentucky. 

Lieutenant John Campbell, Louisiana. 

Lieutenant Stephen H. Campbell, U. S. A. 

Lieutenant Thomas L. Campbell, U. S. A. 

Assistant Surgeon John Campbell, U. S. A. 

Intimately connected with both the commence- 
ment and the close of the Civil War, John Archibald 
Campbell figured in the beginning of the conflict 
and at the end, as a negotiator. In March, 1861, 
the provisional Government of the Confederacy, or- 
ganized at Montgomery, sent three commissioners 
to Washington to negotiate for the peaceful separa- 
tion of the States. The Lincoln administration re- 
fusing them recognition, John A. Campbell of Ala- 
bama, a Justice of the Supreme CoUrt, placed his 
services at the disposal of the Confederate Com- 
missioners. His State had already joined the Con- 
federate cause, and he himself believed his alle- 
giance to Alabama superior to any obligation he 
owed to the United States. "He is a Unionist," 
says the New York Tribune of Campbell, 3rd May, 
1861, ''but feels bound to adhere to the future of his 
State." Campbell obtained three interviews with 



96 History of the Campbell Family 

Secretary Seward, who told him he thought Ft. 
Sumter would soon be evacuated, as desired by the 
Confederate Government. But early in April, prep- 
arations for the dispatch of an expedition to Ft. 
Sumter caused Campbell to again seek the State 
Department, when Seward, with President Lin- 
coln's knowledge, gave Campbell a written memo- 
randum that, while the President might desire to 
supply Ft. Sumter, he would not do so without giv- 
ing notice to Governor Pickens. On April 7th, 
alarmed by reports and the sailing of armed vessels, 
Campbell wrote to Secretary Seward regarding the 
assurance given him. Seward sent him a brief 
note: "Faith as to Sumter kept — ^wait and see." 
The Sumter expedition received sailing orders 
from President Lincoln, and a copy of these orders 
was, on April 6th, dispatched by messenger to Gov- 
ernor Pickens, giving him the due notice promised. 
Campbell resigned from the Supreme Bench, and 
left Washington for the South. In the early dawn 
of April 12th the Confederate cannon commenced 
the shelling of Ft. Sumter and the appeal to arms. 
During the war John A. Campbell was Assistant 
Secretary of War of the Confederate States. In 
1865 we find him once more acting the role of nego- 
tiator. On 28th January of that year, Davis ap- 
pointed Campbell one of three commissioners who 
met President Lincoln and Secretary Seward at Ft. 
Monroe. The conference ended, as it had begun, 
in a spirit of good will and courtesy, but utterly 
failed to find ground for negotiation on equal terms ; 
and the Southern States drew all their resources 
together for a last determined stand. Again, in 
the final scenes of the war, Campbell remained be- 



History of the Campbell Family 97 

hind after the fall of Richmond, and was accorded 
several interviews by President Lincoln on the sub- 
ject of political reconstruction. He was confined 
for a short time in Ft. Pulaski, but was released on 
parole and resumed practice of the law at New Or- 
leans. He died at Baltimore in 1889. 

The official records of the Civil War contain 
314 entries of the name of Campbell; but these 
figures do not indicate the total number of Camp- 
bells enrolled. Some of the States and Territories, 
to whom no quotas were assigned, furnished men, 
and many men were enrolled on enlistments for a 
shorter period than ninety days, for which, with a 
few exceptions, the States received no credit. 

Among officers of the name of Campbell in the 
Regular Army of the United States during the Civil 
War were : 

Brigadier-General John A. Campbell ; referred to 
later. 

Colonel John Campbell, Medical Director. 

Colonel Cleaveland J. Campbell, 23rd Regiment; 
and Brigadier General of Volunteers. 

Lieutenant-Colonel John Campbell, 28th Infantry. 

Major Joseph B. Campbell, 4th Artillery; brevet 
Captain for gallant and meritorious service in the 
Battle of Bull Run, brevet Major for gallant and 
meritorious service in the Battle of Antietam. 

Major Lafayette E. Campbell, 15th and 33rd In- 
fantry. 

Captain Charles H. Campbell, 6th Cavalry; bre- 
vetted for gallant and meritorious service in the 
Battle of Petersburg. 

Lieutenant Andrew Campbell, 19th Infantry. 

Lieutenant Charles E. Campbell, 42nd Infantry. 



98 History of the Campbell Family 

Lieutenant George J. Campbell, 3rd Cavalry. 

Lieutenant John A. Campbell, 2nd Artillery . 

Lieutenant William J. Campbell, 22nd Infantry. 

Lieutenant Quentin Campbell, 5th Infantry. 

Lieutenant Thompson Campbell, Jr., 17th In- 
fantry. 

Lieutenant John S. Campbell, 12th Infantry. 

At various times during the war there were also 
furnished Volunteers, Militia and Levies by the 
States and Territories loyal to the Union. Included 
in the Field Officers of the organizations of the dif- 
ferent States were many Campbells: 

Brigadier-General Cleaveland J. Campbell, New 
York; mentioned later. 

Brigadier-General Edward L. Campbell, New Jer- 
sey; brevet Colonel for distinguished gallantry at 
the Battle of Cedar Creek ; brevet Brigadier General 
for gallant and meritorious services during opera- 
tions resulting in the fall of Richmond, and the sur- 
render of the army under General Robert E. Lee. 

Brigadier-General Jacob M. Campbell, Pennsyl- 
vania; brevet Brigadier-General for gallant and 
meritorious conduct at the Battle of Piedmont. 

Brigadier-General Charles T. Campbell, Penn- 
sylvania; mentioned later. 

Brigadier-General William B. Campbell, Tennes- 
see; mentioned in connection with the Mexican 
War. 

Colonel Archibald P. Campbell, Michigan; Colo- 
nel Hugh J. Campbell, Iowa; Colonel David Camp- 
bell, Pennsylvania; Colonel Franklin Campbell, Il- 
linois; Colonel John C. Campbell, Pennsylvania; 
Colonel Lewis D. Campbell, Ohio; Colonel Wallace 
Campbell, U. S. C. Infantry; Lieutenant-Colonel 



History of the Campbell Family 99 

John B. Campbell, West Virginia, Judge Advocate ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel Andrew K. Campbell, Illinois; 
Lieutenant-Colonel Benjamin F. Campbell, Illinois; 
Lieutenant-Colonel Calvin D. Campbell, Indiana; 
Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Campbell, Pennsyl- 
vania; Lieutenant-Colonel George H. Campbell, Il- 
linois; Lieutenant-Colonel William T. Campbell, 
Kansas; Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas W. Campbell, 
Kentucky; Lieutenant-Colonel Hugh S. Campbell, 
Pennsylvania; Lieutenant-Colonel Robert F. Camp- 
bell, Maine; Lieutenant-Colonel Josiah Campbell, 
Indiana; Lieutenant-Colonel James W. Campbell, 
U. S. C. Infantry; Major John B. Campbell, Ken- 
tucky, Assistant Quarter-Master; Major Archibald 
B. Campbell, Pennsylvania, Surgeon; Major Ben- 
jamin B. Campbell, Assistant Adjutant General, 
brevet Major for distinguished gallantry in action ; 
Major Charles F. H. Campbell, Pennsylvania, Sur- 
geon; Major James Campbell, Illinois, Assistant 
Quarter-Master; Major Charles W. Campbell, New 
York, Paymaster; Major George W. Campbell, Il- 
linois, Commissary; Major Charles H. Campbell, 
New York, Assistant Adjutant-General; Major Jo- 
seph B. Campbell, U. S. A., additional aide-de-camp ; 
Major Robert G. Campbell, Tennessee, Assistant 
Quarter-Master; Major George Campbell, New 
York; Major Douglas Campbell, New York; Major 
Aaron S. Campbell, Ohio; Major Charles C. Camp- 
bell, Illinois; Major William P. Campbell, Ken- 
tucky; Major Robert A. Campbell, Missouri; Major 
John L. Campbell, Illinois; Major James H. Camp- 
bell, Pennsylvania ; Major James B. Campbell, New 
York ; Major James R. Campbell, New York, Assist- 
ant Adjutant General, mentioned for gallant and 



100 History of the Campbell Family 

meritorious services at the Battle of the Wilderness, 
brevet Major for gallant and meritorious services 
at the Battle of Five Forks. 

Serving in the Navy of the Union Government 
were: Lieutenant-Commander Marshal C. Camp- 
bell; Master Daniel A. Campbell; Surgeon N. L. 
Campbell; Surgeon William H. Campbell; Ensign 
Francis D. Campbell; Ensign Alexander D. Camp- 
bell; Ensign George C. Campbell; Ensign William 
G. Campbell ; Engineer Thomas C. Campbell ; Engi- 
neer William C. Campbell ; Engineer Joseph Camp- 
bell ; Engineer Albert B. Campbell ; Engineer James 
C. Campbell ; Engineer Alexander Campbell ; Gunner 
Robert Campbell. 

Brigadier General of Volunteers in the Civil War, 
John Allen Campbell, was born in Salem, Ohio, 
1835. He began life as a printer, entering the Fed- 
eral Army in 1861 as 2nd Lieutenant of Volunteers. 
Promoted Major and Assistant Adjutant General in 
1862, he was, in 1865, given brevet rank as Brig- 
adier General of Volunteers, "for courage in the 
field and marked ability and fidelity," at Red Moun- 
tain, Shiloh, Perrysville, Murfreesboro and through 
the Atlanta campaign. After being mustered out 
in 1866 he was, for a time, editorially connected 
with the Leader at Cleveland, Ohio. In October, 
1867, he joined the Regular Army as 2nd Lieuten- 
ant, but was at once brevetted the different ranks 
to Lieutenant-Colonel. He served on the staff of 
General Schofield, and when that officer was ap- 
pointed Secretary of War in President Johnson's 
cabinet. Colonel Campbell was his Assistant Secre- 
tary. In 1869, President Grant made him first Gov- 
ernor of the Territory of Wyoming, to which he was 



History of the CampheU Family 101 

reappointed in 1873. In 1875 he was third Assist- 
ant Secretary of State, and died in 1880. 

Brigadier-General Cleaveland J. Campbell was 
born at New York City in 1836. He joined the 
Union Army and fought bravely, rising from a pri- 
vate to Lieutenant-Colonel. He rendered distin- 
guished service on the occasion of the mine explo- 
sion at Petersburg, leading his regiment into the 
hottest of the fight, where he was seriously wounded 
by a shell, which wound ultimately caused his death. 
He received the brevet rank of Brigadier General 
in March, 1865, and died the following June. 

Brigadier-General Charles Thomas Campbell was 
born in Franklin County, Pennsylvania, 1823, and, 
in 1847, entered the United States Army during the 
Mexican War, as Lieutenant, being promoted Cap- 
tain the same year. In the Civil War he was com- 
missioned Colonel of the 1st Pennsylvania Artillery. 
At Fair Oaks his horse was shot under him and he 
received two severe wounds. Taken prisoner with 
his whole regiment, he turned upon his captors and 
succeeded in carrying two hundred of them into the 
Federal lines as prisoners. He was promoted Brig- 
adier General in 1863. 

Enlisting in the ranks, George Campbell of New 
York, came home from his first enlistment as a Ser- 
geant-Major. When the war ended he was a full- 
fledged Major. He took an active part in the Grand 
Army of the Republic and rose to be Department 
Vice-Commander of the New York State Encamp- 
ment, with the title of General. 

Another Campbell, who rose from the ranks was 
Major Douglas Campbell, of Cherry Valley, New 
York. He enlisted in the Union Army as a private 



102 History of the Campbell Family 

on the outbreak of war, and reached by promotion 
the rank of Major. 

Allen Campbell was employed as Engineer of the 
Harbor Defense of the port of New York during the 
war; and in 1876 was Commissioner of Public 
Works of New York City. In 1880 he was elected 
Comptroller of the city, and in 1882 was unsuccess- 
ful candidate for Mayor. 

Many Campbells fought with the forces of the 
Confederate States, but the records of the South- 
ern Army are in many respects deficient, as com- 
pared to those of the Federal Government. 

Assistant Secretary of War of the Confederate 
States, John Archibald Campbell, has already been 
mentioned. 

Brigadier-General Alexander William Campbell 
was born in Nashville, Tennessee, in 1828. After 
graduating from West Tennessee College and being 
admitted to the bar, he enlisted in the Confederate 
service in 1861. He was placed on the staff of Gen- 
eral Cheatham, promoted Colonel of the 34th Ten- 
nessee Infantry, and gained the rank of Brigadier 
General, with the command of the Cavalry Brigade, 
in 1864. He died in 1893. 

Colonel Reuben Philander Campbell joined the 

Confederate States Army, served as Colonel of the 

7th North Carolina Infantry, and was killed at the 

, Battle of Gaines Mill, 27th June, 1862. He had for- 

! merly been Captain in the United States Army and 

served in the Mexican War, being mentioned for 
I gallant and meritorious conduct in the Battle of 

Buena Vista. 

Colonel Josiah A. P. Campbell, born in South 
Carolina, 1830, was one of the Mississippi Dele- 
gates to the Convention which organized the Con- 



History of the Campbell Family 103 

ffederate States. He served in the Confederate 
Army as Captain and Lieutenant-Colonel of In- 
fantry, and Colonel of Cavalry. After the war he 
was elected Chief Justice' of Mississippi, and as such 
is more fully referred to in Chapter VII. 

Major James C. Campbell served with the Army 
of the Confederacy in the 48th Regiment, Virginia 
Volunteers. He was wounded at the Battle of Mc- 
Dowell, 8th May, 1862. 

Captain Given Campbell of Kentucky was in com- 
mand of the picked party of Confederate soldiers 
selected to accompany Mr. Davis, when it was urged 
upon him to escape, during the last days of the 
Confederacy. It has been said that he was one of 
the most gallant and intelligent officers in the Con- 
federate service, and for that reason was chosen 
to command the small escort, who had all been 
picked as men to be relied on in any emergency. 

William Patton Anderson Campbell joined the 
Confederate Navy when the war began, resigning 
from the United States Navy. He served through 
the war, and at the close went to Egypt, where he 
died in the service of the Khedive. 

D. C. Campbell was Commissioner from Georgia 
to Delaware to make known the position of Georgia, 
in 1861; and in the Congress of the Confederate 
States at Montgomery, in the same year, J. A. P. 
Campbell was a Delegate from Mississippi. 

Dr. Henry F. Campbell was in charge of the 
Georgia Hospital for the sick and wounded, in Vir- 
ginia. 

In the time of the War with Spain, 1898, 
the following officers of the name of Campbell held 
commissions in the United States Regular Army: 
Captain James A. Campbell; Captain Archibald 



104 History of the Campbell Family 

Campbell; Lieutenant Harry Rowland Campbell; 
Lieutenant William A. Campbell ; Lieutenant Staley 
A. Campbell; Lieutenant John M. Campbell; Lieu- 
tenant Niel Angus Campbell. 

Among officers who volunteered for service in 
the same war were: Colonel James R. Campbell, 
Illinois, 30th United States Infantry; Colonel Ed- 
ward A. Campbell, New Jersey; Major Robert E. 
Campbell, Ohio; Major Perle A. Campbell, Ohio; 
Captain Arthur E. Campbell, Nebraska; Captain 
Thomas Campbell, 7th and 49th United States In- 
fantry; Captain Charles S. Campbell, 28th United 
States Infantry; Captain Wright G. Campbell, Vir- 
ginia ; Captain Thomas R. J. Campbell, 47th United 
States Infantry; Lieutenant Tilman Campbell, Ar- 
kansas, 33rd United States Infantry ; Lieutenant Al- 
fred McB. Campbell, Mississippi; Lieutenant Bart- 
ley J. Campbell, 8th United States Infantry; Lieu- 
tenant William A. Campbell, Michigan; Lieutenant 
Edward K. Campbell, Ohio; Lieutenant Ernest W. 
Campbell, Minnesota ; Lieutenant William A. Camp- 
bell, Kentucky; Lieutenant John Campbell, 30th 
United States Infantry; Lieutenant Frank Camp- 
bell, Maryland; Lieutenant James W. Campbell, 
Oregon; Lieutenant Henry F. Campbell, Pennsyl- 
vania; Lieutenant James A. Campbell, 5th United 
States Infantry; Lieutenant Frank Campbell, Ne- 
vada; Lieutenant James R. Campbell, Alabama; 
Lieutenant Robert H. Campbell, Mississippi; Lieu- 
tenant James A. G. Campbell, Pennsylvania; Lieu- 
tenant Guilford E. Campbell, 49th United States 
Infantry; Lieutenant Henry C. Campbell, Missis- 
sippi; Chaplain James 0. Campbell, Ohio. 




CHAPTER VII 

NOTABLE feature of the eighteenth 
century in America, was the movement 
of the settlers from the seaboard into 
the interior. In a preceding chapter 
we have seen that members of the Campbell family 
who early arrived in this country, in the main, set- 
tled in the seaboard districts of the new Colonies. 
Soon these coast regions became occupied, and we 
find the Campbells following the new trend of mi- 
gration to the South and West. They crossed the 
Alleghanies, settled in the valleys of the Blue Ridge, 
and pushed on into Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee. 
Plying the axe and plow with untiring resolution, 
they pitched their tents deep into the bosom of the 
undeveloped country. With others of their race, 
— Highlanders, Lowlanders and Ulstermen — ^they 
were the true frontiersmen of the onward move- 
ment; the old warlike spirit of the clan fearing 
neither Indians nor the difficulties of the path, they 
thrust the outer bulwark further and further into 
the great land of the West. 

Succeeding generations of these hardy pioneer 
Campbells have, in more peaceful times, obtained 
distinction and honor in each State and Territory. 
Amid milder institutions they have taken a notable 
part in the civil life of their country, and gained 
for themselves a front rank among the leaders of 
mind and intellect. 

105 



106 History of the Campbell Family 

In the political life of the country the Campbell 
family has been represented in both houses of Con- 
gress. 

Alexander Campbell was Senator from Ohio in 
the eleventh and twelfth Congresses, 1809 to 1813. 
He was descended from an old Argyllshire family, 
who removed to Ulster in 1612, their descendants 
first settling in Augusta County, Virginia, in 1740. 

George W. Campbell was Senator from Tennes- 
see in the twelfth, thirteenth, fourteenth and fif- 
teenth Congresses, 1811 to 1819. He was born in 
Tennessee, in 1768, and graduated from Princeton 
College. In February, 1814, he was appointed by 
President Madison, Secretary of the Treasury, 
which office he held until September, 1814, when he 
resigned on account of ill health. He was re-elected 
to the Senate. In April, 1818, Campbell became 
Minister to Russia, remaining abroad until 1820. 
Later he was appointed Judge of the United States 
District Court of Tennessee. He died in 1848. 

John Campbell was Member of the House of Rep- 
resentatives from Maryland in the 7th, 8th, 9th, 
10th and 11th Congresses, 1801-1811. He was born 
in Charles County, Maryland, was Judge of the 
Orphans Court of that County, and died at Port 
Tobacco, in 1828. 

George W. Campbell, who has already been men- 
tioned as Senator, was Representative from Ten- 
nessee to the 8th, 9th and 10th Congresses, 1801- 
1807. 

John W. Campbell was Representative from Ohio 
in the 15th to the 19th Congresses. He was born 
in Augusta County, Virginia, of the old Scottish 
family which settled there in 1740. Was Judge of 



History of the Campbell Family 107 

the United States Court for the District of Ohio. 
Died in 1833. 

Samuel Campbell, Representative from New York 
to the 17th, 18th and 19th Congresses, 1821-1827, 
was born in Connecticut, and moved to Columbus, 
New York. 

Robert B. Campbell was member of the House 
of Representatives from South Carolina in the 18th, 
23rd and 24th Congresses. He was a native of 
South Carolina. He was appointed Consul Gen- 
eral at Havana in 1842 by President Tyler. 

John Campbell was Representative from South 
Carolina to the 21st, 25th, 26th, 27th and 28th Con- 
gresses. He was born in South Carolina, and prac- 
ticed law at Brownsville and Parnassus. Died in 
1845. 

William B. Campbell, who is later mentioned as 
Governor of the State, was Representative from 
Tennessee to the 25th, 26th, 27th and 39th Con- 
gresses. He served in the Mexican War, as told 
in Chapter VI. 

Thomas J. Campbell was Representative from 
Tennessee to the 27th Congress, 1841-1843. He 
was born in the State in 1786, and served as Clerk 
of the House of Representatives in the 30th and 
31st Congresses, until his death at Washington 
in 1850. 

John H. Campbell, Representative from Penn- 
sylvania to the 29th Congress, 1845-1847, was born 
in Pennsylvania, and practiced as a lawyer. He 
died in 1868. 

William W. Campbell, Representative from New 
York to the 29th Congress, 1845-1847, was born at 
Cherry Valley, New York, 1806. He was Justice 



108 History of the Campbell Family 

of the Superior Court of New York City from 1849 
until 1855, and was elected a Judge of the State 
Supreme Court in 1857. 

Lewis D. Campbell was Representative from 
Ohio to the 31st to 35th Congresses, 1849-1859, and 
to the 42nd Congress, 1871-1873. A native of 
Franklin, Ohio, he served in the Union Army as 
Colonel of Volunteers, 1861-1862. He was com- 
missioned Minister to Mexico in 1866. 

Thompson Campbell, Representative from Illinois 
to the 32nd Congress, 1851-1853, was born in Penn- 
sylvania, and moved to Galena, Illinois. He was 
interested in mining, and died in California, 1868. 

John P. Campbell was Representative from Ken- 
tucky to the 34th Congress, 1855-1857. Born in 
Kentucky, he was a member of the State House of 
Representatives in 1826. 

James H. Campbell was Representative from 
Pennsylvania to the 34th, 36th and 37th Congresses. 
He was born at Williamsport, Pennsylvania, 1820, 
and served as Minister to Sweden from 1864 to 
1867. He died at Wayne, Pennsylvania, 1895. 

Jacob M. Campbell, Representative from Penn- 
sylvania to the 45th, 47th, 48th and 49th Con- 
gresses, was born in Allegheny Township, Penn- 
sylvania, 1821. He served in the Union Army, ris- 
ing to the rank of Brigadier General. Died, 1888. 

James E. Campbell, mentioned later as Governor 
of the State, was Representative from Ohio to the 
48th, 49th and 50th Congresses, 1883-1889. 

Felix Campbell was Representative from New 
York to the 48th, 49th, 50th and 51st Congresses. 
He was born at Brooklyn, 1829, and died there in 
1902. 



History of the Campbell Family 109 

Timothy J. Campbell, Representative from New 
York to the 49th, 50th, 52nd and 53d Congresses, 
was born in Ireland, 1840, of Scottish ancestry, 
coming to New York City when five years of age. 
Elected to the State Assembly, and as State Sen- 
ator, prior to becoming Representative to Congress, 
he was made famous by his rejoinder to President 
Cleveland. The story is told that one day Campbell 
came to talk with Grover Cleveland, then Governor 
of New York, about a bill in the Governor's hands. 
The future President listened to CampbelFs appeal 
for executive approval, and getting up from his 
chair, put his hand on Campbell's shoulder, saying 
kindly: "Tim, I can't sign this bill. It is unconsti- 
tutional." "Ah, what's the Constitution between 
friends," replied Campbell. 

James R. Campbell wias Representative from Illi- 
nois to the 55th Congress. He was born in Hamil- 
ton County, Illinois, 1853, and served in the Spanish 
War as Colonel. 

Albert J. Campbell was Representative from 
Montana in the 56th Congress, 1899-1901. He was 
born at Pontiac, Michigan, 1857, and admitted to 
the bar in 1881. 

Philip P. Campbell has been member of the 
House of Representatives from Kansas to all Con- 
gresses since the 59th, having been first elected in 
1902 and re-elected for the ninth time to the 66th 
Congress, 1919-1921. He is a native of Nova Scotia, 
and moved with his parents to Kansas. 

William W. Campbell was Representative from 
Ohio to the 59th Congress, 1905-1907. Born at 
Rochester, Vermont, 1853. 

Guy E. Campbell, Representative from Pennsyl- 



110 History of the Campbell Family 

vania to the 65th and 66th Congresses, was born in 
West Virginia, 1871, and went to Allegheny County 
in 1889. 

Connected with the 66th Congress, now in ses- 
sion are : Edward Kernan Campbell, Chief Justice 
of the Court of Claims of the United States, who 
was born at Abingdon, Virginia, 1858, and ap- 
pointed Chief Justice of the Court in 1913 ; Richard 
K. Campbell, Commissioner of Naturalization ; Wal- 
ter N. Campbell, Chief of Finance Division, Bu- 
reau of Pensions; Ira A. Campbell, Admiralty 
Counsel to the United States Shipping Board, and 
Walter G. Campbell, Assistant Chief of the Bureau 
of Chemistry. 

Six members of the family have been Governors 
of States. 

David Campbell was the 21st Governor of Vir- 
ginia, 1837-1840. He was born in the State, at 
Royal Oaks, Botetout County, in 1779. In 1795, in 
his sixteenth year, he was appointed Ensign in the 
Militia, and in 1799 commissioned Captain of a com- 
pany of Light Infantry which he raised. He stud- 
ied law, but did not practice, and in 1812 was com- 
missioned Major in the United States Army, being 
promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel in 1813. He took 
part in the arduous campaigns on the St. Lawrence 
and toward Lake Champlain. On returning home. 
Colonel Campbell served as aide-de-camp to General 
Barbour, and was elected General of the 3rd Bri- 
gade of Virginia. He retired from the Governor- 
ship in March, 1840, and died in 1859. 

William B. Campbell, a distinguished soldier of 
the War with Mexico, as told in Chapter VI, be- 
came Governor of Tennessee in 1851. 



History of the Campbell Family 111 

John A. Campbell was Governor of the Territory 
of Wyoming in 1869 and 1873. 

James Ej Campbell, Governor of Ohio, 1890- 
1891, was born at Middletown, Ohio, in 1843. He 
served in the Federal Navy during the Civil War, 
and later practiced law, being prosecuting attor- 
ney of Butler County, 1876-1880. He also served 
as Representative in Congress. 

Thomas M. Campbell was elected Governor of 
Texas in 1906, inaugurated 1907, and re-elected in 
1909. Born at Rusk, Texas, 1856, he was admitted 
to the bar in 1878. In July, 1892, he became gen- 
eral manager of the International and Great North- 
ern Railroad, from which position he later resigned 
and resumed practice of the law. 

Thomas E. Campbell was, on the face of the re- 
turns, elected Governor of Arizona in November, 
1916, but relinquished office in December, 1917, 
after recount of votes. He was again elected Gov- 
ernor in November, 1918, for the term 1919-1921. 

The judiciary of the different States includes 
many distinguished members of the Campbell fam- 
ily ; and the name has at all times been prominently 
represented at the bar. 

James V. Campbell, Chief Justice of the State of 
Michigan, was born at Buffalo, NeW York, in 1823. 
In 1826 his father removed to Detroit. James V. 
Campbell was admitted to the bar in 1844, and when 
thirty-four years of age was elected Justice, on the 
reorganization of the Supreme Court of Michigan, 
1857. He continued on the bench for thirty-three 
years. In 1870 he was made professor of law in 
the University of Michigan. 

Josiah A. P. CarapbeJJ, Chief Justice of the State 



112 History of the Campbell Family 

of Mississippi, was a native of South Carolina, hav- 
ing been born in Lancaster District, 1830. He was 
admitted to the bar of Mississippi in 1847. In 
1861 he represented the State in the General Con- 
vention of the seceding States at Montgomery. On 
the outbreak of war he was elected Captain of an 
infantry company in the Confederate Army and 
later was Lieutenant-Colonel of his regiment. He 
fought in the Battles of luka and Corinth, at the 
latter of which he was wounded while commanding 
his regiment. Jefferson Davis then appointed him 
to the rank of Colonel of Cavalry, in which capacity 
he served until the surrender of Lee. In 1865 he 
was chosen Circuit Judge, serving until called upon 
to take the test oath in 1870, when he resumed pri- 
vate practice. In 1876 he was appointed Judge of 
the Supreme Court of Mississippi, and, in 1882, 
Chief Justice of the State, from which office he 
retired in 1894. 

John Campbell, Chief Justice of the State of Col- 
orado, was born in Monroe County, Indiana, 1853, 
and graduated at Iowa State University in 1879. 
He practiced law at Colorado Springs. In 1888 
he was elected District Judge and Supreme Court 
Judge in 1895, being afterwards appointed Chief 
Justice of the State. 

William W. Campbell, previously mentioned as a 
Representative in Congress, Judge of the Supreme 
Court of New York, published several works, the 
most notable being, "Annals of Tryon County;" 
"Memoirs of Mrs. Grant;" "Life and Writings of 
DeWitt Clinton," and "Sketches of Robin Hood and 
Captain Kidd." He died at Cherry Valley, 1881. 



History of the Campbell Family 113 

James Campbell, lawyer and Postmaster General 
in the administration of President Pierce, was bom 
at Philadelphia in 1812. His father emigrated from 
Ireland. James Campbell was admitted to the bar 
in 1834 and was engaged in the Wheeling bridge 
case and the Dred Scott case. He became Judge 
of the Court of Common Pleas in 1841, which of- 
fice he held for ten years, when he was elected At- 
torney General for the State of Pennsylvania. On 
7th March, 1853, President Pierce appointed him 
Postmaster General, which ofiice he held until the 
end of the administration. During his tenure of 
ofiice he reduced the rate of postage, introduced the 
registry system, stamped envelopes, and separated 
postage stamps. He resumed practice in Phila- 
delphia, where he died in 1893. 

Hugh Jones Campbell was bom in Pennsylvania, 
1831. When the Civil War broke out he was study- 
ing law at Muscatine, Iowa, and raised a regiment 
of volunteers, of which he was appointed Major, 
1862, Lieutenant-Colonel, 1863, and Colonel, 1864. 
At the close of the war he finished his law studies 
and was later appointed a United States Circuit 
Judge. Campbell removed to what was then Dakota 
Territory in 1877, and was at the head of the move- 
ments for division of the Territory into North Da- 
kota and South Dakota, and for admission into the 
Union. Throughout Dakota Campbell was popu- 
larly known as the Father of Statehood. He died 
in 1898. 

In educational work many bearing the name of 
Campbell have occupied eminent positions in the 
universities and colleges of the country. 



114 History of the Campbell Family 

Samuel L. Campbell was second President tof 
Washington and Lee University. He occupied the 
chair from 1798 until 1799. 

William Henry Campbell, President of Rutgers 
College, was bom in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1808. 
He graduated from Dickinson College, in 1828. He 
went to Flatbush, L. I., and was a teacher at Eras- 
mus Hall, being licensed by the Presbytery of New 
York in 1831. He was Principal of Erasmus Hall 
from 1834 until 1839. From 1841 to 1848 he de- 
voted his time to church work in Albany, New 
York, when he accepted the position of Principal of 
Albany Academy. Dr. Campbell was elected Presi- 
dent of Rutgers College in 1863, which position he 
held until he resigned in 1882. He was the author 
of ''Subjects and Modes of Baptism;'' ''System of 
Catechetical Instruction,'' and other religious 
works. 

Thomas J. Campbell, S. J., thirteenth President 
of St. John's College, Fordham, was bom in New 
York City in 1848. Father Campbell was ap- 
pointed Rector of St. John's College in 1885, and 
in 1889 became provincial of the New York-Mary- 
land Diocese. Editor "Messenger of the Sacred 
Heart," 1900. 

Prince Lucian Campbell became President of the 
University of Oregon in 1902. He was born at 
Newmarket, Missouri, 1861, and graduated at Har- 
vard in 1886. 

Ross Turner Campbell, President of Cooper Col- 
lege, Sterling, Kansas, 1910, was bom at Clifton, 
Ohio, 1863. 

Edmond Ernest Campbell, President of the Ir- 
ving College and Music Conservatory, Mechanics- 



History of the Campbell Family 115 

burg, Pennsylvania, was born at Waynesboro, 
Pennsylvania, in 1859, and graduated at Roanoke 
College, Virginia, 1879. Ph. D. Susquehanna Uni- 
versity, 1893. 

William Wallace Campbell, Director of Lick Ob- 
servatory, was born in Hancock County, Ohio, 11th 
April, 1862, and graduated from the University of 
Michigan in 1886, with the degree of B. S. He was 
appointed to the chair of mathematics in the State 
University of Colorado, where he remained until 
he became Instructor in Astronomy in the Univer- 
sity of Michigan, in 1888. He was appointed As- 
tronomer at Lick Observatory in 1891; Acting Di- 
rector, 1900, and Director in 1901. In charge of 
the Lick Observatory Expedition to India, 1897-98, 
to observe the total eclipse of the sun. Also the Ex- 
peditions to Georgia, 1900 ; to Spain, 1905 ; to Flint 
Island, 1908, and to Kiev, Russia, 1914. He was 
Stillman Lecturer, Yale, 1909-10; Hale Lecturer, 
National Academy of Sciences, 1914. Received 
Lalande Prize, Paris Academy of Sciences, 1903 
Gold Medal, Royal Astronomical Society, 1906 
Draper Gold Medal, National Academy of Sciences 
1906; Janssen Prize (gold medal), Paris Academy 
of Sciences, 1910; Bruce Gold Medal, 1915. Au- 
thor of "The Elements of Practical Astronomy,'' 
"Stellar Motions," and numerous papers on astro- 
nomical subjects. 

Francis Joseph Campbell was born in Franklin 
County, Tennessee, in 1832. An accident in early 
childhood resulted in his total blindness. When 
eighteen years of age he was appointed Teacher of 
Music at the Tennessee State Institution for the 
Blind. Later, he taught music at the Wisconsin 



116 History of the Campbell Family 

Institution for the Blind, and became Professor of 
Music at the Perkins Institute, South Boston. Dr. 
Campbell was instrumental in founding the cele- 
brated English Royal Normal College for the Blind. 
In 1871, he was attending a meeting in London con- 
nected with the education of the blind, when he de- 
cided to remain in that city and assist in teaching. 
Largely as a result of Dr. Campbell's efforts the 
Royal Normal College was founded. 

John Lyle Campbell, elected Professor of Physics 
and Astronomy, Wabash College, 1850, was born at 
Salem, Indiana, 1827. 

Theodorick Pryor Campbell, Dean of the General 
Faculty of Virginia Polytechnic Institute, was born 
at Nottoway, Virginia, 1861. 

Henry Donald Campbell was elected Professor of 
Geology and Biology at Washington and Lee Uni- 
versity, 1887. He was born at Lexington, Virginia, 

1862, and graduated from Washington and Lee 
University, A. M., 1882 ; Ph. D., 1885. Dean of the 
University, 1906. 

John Pendleton Campbell, elected Professor of 
Biology, University of Georgia, 1888, was born 
Cumberland, Maryland, 1863, and graduated at 
Johns Hopkins University in 1885. 

Killis Campbell, Professor of the University of 
Texas, was bom at Enfield, Virginia, 1872, and 
graduated at College of William and Mary, 1894. 
He is author of "The Seven Sages of Rome" and 
edited "The Poems of Edgar Allan Poe." 

Edward De Mille Campbell, Professor of Chem- 
istry, University of Michigan, was born at Detroit, 

1863. B. S., University of Michigan, 1886. 
Douglas Houghton Campbell, Professor of Bot- 



History of the Campbell Family 117 

any, Stanford University, 1891, was born at De- 
troit, Michigan, 1859. Graduated from the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, 1882 ; Ph. D., 1886. 

Gabriel Campbell was Professor of Philosophy, 
Dartmouth University, 1893-1910. He was born 
at Dalrymple, Scotland, in 1838. 

Donald Francis Campbell, Professor of Mathe- 
matics, Armour Institute, Chicago, 1900, was born 
at East River, Nova Scotia, in 1867. Ph. D., Har- 
vard, 1898. 

William Campbell, born at Gateshead, England, 
1876; Associate Professor School of Mines, Colum- 
bia University and Lecturer on Metallurgy. 

Campbells have ever taken a large share in the 
religious life of the community in which they were 
placed, and in this connection it is of interest to 
note that from a Campbell in this country a widely 
known religious denomination took its name. The 
Rev. Alexander Campbell, the founder of the 
"Campbellites," or Disciples of Christ, was born in 
County Antrim, Ireland, in 1786; son of the Rev. 
Thomas Campbell, who emigrated to America in 
1807. Alexander Campbell remained in Scotland 
to complete his studies at the University of Glas- 
gow, and followed his father to America in 1809. 
The "rule of faith,'' which had always disturbed the 
adherents to the Presbyterian creed, appears to 
have raised doubts in the minds of both father and 
son, and in 1810, at Brush Run, Pennsylvania, they 
formed an independent society. They objected to 
any human creed, regarding the Bible as a suflScient 
rule of faith. At first they formed an alliance with 
the Baptist denomination, but the independence of 
the Campbellites caused annoyance, and they were 



118 History of the Campbell Family 

separated from the Baptist body in 1827, forming a 
sect of their own. Alexander Campbell was the 
leader of the sect, which increased in numbers rap- 
idly. In 1823 he had commenced the issue of a publi- 
cation called "The Christian Baptist," which ran to 
seven volumes. This was succeeded in 1830 by the 
"Millenial Harbinger," which became the recognized 
organ of his church. He founded Bethany College 
in 1840, serving as its President until his death, in 
1866. He was a prolific writer, and published dur- 
ing his lifetime fifty-two volumes. His father died 
in 1854. 

Even if it were possible, it would be out of place 
in a work of this nature to attempt an enumeration 
of the great body of Campbells who have, by their 
industry, genius and labor, achieved success and 
added to the comfort and prosperity of the nation. 
Illustrative, however, of the wide field covered by 
those bearing the name, mention may be made of 
the following : 

Andrew Campbell, inventor, was born near Tren- 
ton, New Jersey, in 1821. In 1836 he left Trenton 
on foot, with no goal in view, and after a time 
found employment as a driver on a canal. He again 
started journeying westward, and came to Alton, 
Illinois. Here he constructed several labor-saving 
devices. In 1842 he removed to St. Louis, where he 
built an omnibus, called the "Great Western," the 
first used in the city, and accommodating forty- 
eight passengers. In 1847, Campbell again moved 
on, this time to Columbus, Missouri, where his in- 
ventive genius produced a machine for making 
match and pill boxes, which was very successful. 
Finding that attempts were being made to discover 



History of the Campbell Family 119 

how the machine was constructed, he destroyed it, 
and devoted his attention to bridge building. He 
next went to New York City, where he invented a 
feeder for printing presses, and built an automatic 
press, the first of the kind ever made. Also other 
presses, among them the first with table distribution 
ever constructed in the United States. He con- 
tinued perfecting inventions in printing presses, 
and to him is due the credit for making the first 
press ever built that printed, inserted, pasted, 
folded and cut in one continuous operation. Camp- 
bell died in New York City in 1890. 

Allen Green Campbell was born on a farm in 
Missouri in 1834, and earned his first few pennies 
selling gingerbread made by his widowed mother. 
He joined a party of gold hunters in 1856, and 
made his way to what is now Colorado. He mined 
in Montana and all States and Territories west of 
the Missouri, and traded on a large scale, giving 
employment to a great number of men. He was the 
chief force in the working of the Great Horn Silver 
Mine in Southern Utah. 

William H. Campbell, inventor, was born in New 
York City, 1846. He entered the Navy, but retired 
therefrom in 1872 to become Secretary and General 
Manager of the American Duplex Company. He 
perfected the present system of railroad duplex 
tickets, and took out numerous patents in connec- 
tion with the form and printing of railroad tickets. 
He died in 1906. 

Allan Campbell, railroad president, was born in 
Albany, New York, in 1815. For the Chilian Gov- 
ernment he built the first railroad ever operated in 
the South American continent. On his return to 



120 History of the Campbell Family 

the United States he became President of the New 
York and Harlem Railroad. During the Civil War 
he was in charge of the Harbor Defenses of New 
York, afterwards being at the head of the engineer- 
ing department of the New York and Harlem Rail- 
road. For several years he was President of the 
Consolidated Coal Company of Maryland. 

Richard Orma Campbell was a native of Milledge- 
ville, Georgia, born 1860. He was descended from 
an old Argyllshire family, one of whom came to this 
country at the end of the seventeenth century. 
Richard 0. Campbell organized the R. 0. Campbell 
Coal Co., of which he was President. Also Presi- 
dent of the Campbell Coal Mining Company of Ten- 
nessee, and of other companies engaged in coal min- 
ing. He died at Atlanta, Georgia, 1912. 

The "Campbell System'* of dry farming takes 
its name from Hardy Webster Campbell. He was 
born at Montgomery Centre, Vermont, in 1850, and 
is the author of numerous works on soil culture and 
farming. 

Alexander Campbell, the Brooklyn milk dealer, 
was the first to introduce sanitary glass bottles for 
milk. He was an Ulsterman. 

Wendell Braxton Campbell, was President of the 
American Manufacturers Export Association in 
1912. 

Dr. Henry Fraser Campbell was born at Savan- 
nah, Georgia, in 1824. He attained an international 
reputation as a physiologist and gynecologist, and 
in the prevention of yellow fever and similar dis- 
eases. As previously mentioned, he was engaged 
in hospital work during the Civil War. He coUab- 



History of the Campbell Family 121 

orated on "The Manual of Military Surgery/' pre- 
pared for the use of Confederate surgeons, and was 
a voluminous writer on scientific and literary sub- 
jects. 

Henry Huse Campbell, born at West Roxbury, 
Massachusetts, 1859, an international iron and 
steel expert, investigated the principles of open 
hearth process of making steel. 

Andrew T. Campbell held the position of Chief 
Clerk in the Corporation Counsel's office of New 
York City, for the remarkable term of fifty years. 

Dr. Matthew Campbell, who was generally known 
as the "Railroad Doctor," was probably the pioneer 
railroad surgeon of the United States. He was a 
native of Pittsburgh, born 1819, and died in 1902. 

James W. Campbell, President of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Huron and other financial and indus- 
trial concerns, was born at Springfield, Illinois, in 
1851. 

John Alexander Campbell, A. M., Princeton, 1877 ; 
President of the Trenton Banking Company and 
President of the Trenton Potteries; was born at 
Shushan, New York, in 1856. 

Frank Campbell, President of the Farmers and 
Mechanics Bank of Bath, New York, and Comp- 
troller of the State of New York, 1892-1893, was 
born at Bath, New York, 1858. 

John Alexander Campbell, President of the First 
National Bank of New Cumberland, and Judge of 
the First Judicial Circuit Court of West Virginia, 
was born in Ohio. 

It has been truly said, that "books make up no 
small part of human happiness." We find several 



122 History of the CampbeU Family 

American members of the family who have conse- 
quently added to what Pope calls ''our being's end 
and aim/' 

Helen Campbell, author and journalist, was born 
at Lockport, New York, in 1839. Her first literary 
work was a series of stories for children; then in 
rapid succession she published a great number of 
works, including "His Grandmothers;" "Six Sin- 
ners;" "Unto the Third and Fourth Generation;" 
"Darkness and Daylight," "Household Econom- 
ics;" "The Housekeeper's Year Book." 

John Preston Campbell, born at Boston in 1849, 
by profession a lawyer, and author of several nov- 
els and plays, among the former, "Merl of Med- 
evon;" "My Mate Immortal;" "The Women of 
Chalk;" "A Shadow in the Sand;" among the lat- 
ter, "The Burwell Grove;" "Crownless Queen;" 
"The Kingdom of Quivera ;" also poems. 

Daisy Rhodes Campbell wrote "The Fiddling 
Girl;" "The Proving of Virginia;" "The Violin 
Lady." She was bom at Delaware, Ohio, in 1854. 

Alexander Campbell, born 1814, was author of 
"The True Greenback." He died in 1898. 

Walter Lowrie Campbell, author of "Civitas." 

Robert Campbell published "A Pilgrimage to My 
Motherland." 

Charles Campbell, born 1807, wrote "The History 
of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia;" 
also "Some Materials for a Memoir of Burk." He 
died in 1876. 

Marius Robison Campbell, author of "The Gla- 
cier National Park;" "Guide Book of the Western 
United States," and joint author of several other 
works, was born at Garden Grove, Iowa, 1858. 



History of the Campbell Family 123 

Douglas Campbell, born 1839, was author of "The 
Puritan in Holland, England and America." He 
died 1893. 

' Henry Colin Campbell, assistant editor of the 

Milwaukee Journal, was bom at Wild Rose, Wau- 
shara County, Wisconsin. Author of "Wisconsin in 
Three Centuries.*' 

I Reau Campbell wrote a "Guide to Mexico," and 

other works on travel. 

I Loomis J. Campbell joint author of many educa- 

tional works, including "A Pronouncing Handbook" 
and "A Handy Dictionary." 

John Ten Brook Campbell, bom Montezuma, In- 
diana, in 1833, was the author of many articles and 
pamphlets on finance, archaeology, meteorology and 
natural history. By profession a civil engineer, and 

I a descendant in the fourth generation of John Camp- 

bell^ who is mentioned in the preceding chapter as 
a Captain of Minute Men in the Revolutionary War. 
George Campbell, lawyer and author of "The 
Life and Death of Worlds;" "Island Home;" "The 
Greater United States of America;" and other 
works, was bom in Yates County, New York. After 
being admitted to the bar, practiced law at Oswego, 
Kansas. 

William Campbell published numerous works on 
metals, including "The Metallography of Copper;" 
"Lead; Tin; Antimony;" and "Notes on Metal- 
lography." 

Rev. James M. Campbell, Congregational clergy- 
man, was born in Scotland, 1840, and came to the 
United States in 1874. Author "Clerical Types;" 
"Unto the Uttermost;" "The Presence;" "The Place 
of Prayer in the Christian Religion. 



9f 



124 History of the CampbeU Family 

Dr. James Alexander Campbell, author of a large 
number of papers on scientific topics and relative 
to his specialty as oculist and aurist, was born at 
Platteville, Wisconsin, in 1847. He published 
"Helps to Hear." 

Prominent in the sister arts of Music and the 
Drama are: 

John Bradford Campbell, composer of many 
songs, ballads and anthems, was born at Blooming- 
ton, Indiana, in 1856. 

Le Roy B. Campbell, composed for piano, "Baba 
Yaga," "Scottish Romance," "Boat Song" and sev- 
eral anthems. Born Jasper, New York, 1873. 

Charles D. Campbell, head of the Music Depart- 
ment, Indiana University, was born at Anderson, 
Indiana, 1877. 

William W. Campbell, born 1871, Director of 
Music, Nebraska Institute for the Blind ; Director of 
Music, Baird College, Clinton, Missouri. 

Bartley Campbell, dramatist, was a native of Al- 
legheny City, Pennsylvania. Born in 1843, he com- 
menced writing plays in 1871, his first play being 
"Through Fire." Among his many other produc- 
tions were "Peril;" "The Big Bonanza;" "Clio;" 
"How Women Love ;" "My Partner ;" "Matrimony," 
and "Pacquita." 

Craig Campbell, actor and singer, born London, 
Canada, 1884, was tenor soloist for six years at the 
Church of the Transfiguration, New York City. 
Has played leading roles in many American produc- 
tions, including "The Love Cure ;" "The Red Rose," 
and latterly "On the Hiring Line." 

Colin Campbell, "Little Alf," in the "Better *01e," 
is a native of Falkirk, Scotland, and played in mu- 



History of the Campbell Family 125 

sical comedy, "The Cherry Girl;" "The Orchid," 
and others. He came to the United States in 1912, 
and has appeared in "Peg o' My Heart;" "Out 
There," and "The Madonna of the Future." 

John Patrick Campbell took a prominent part in 
the recent dramatic movement in Ireland, and came 
to this country in 1912, where he has directed and 
produced pageants and plays. He was born in Bel- 
fast, 1883. 

It is interesting to note that the first to earn the 
title, "Ace," in the American Flying Corps, is a 
member of the Campbell family. Lieutenant Doug- 
las Campbell was one of the first two American Air- 
men to down an enemy plane. 



CHAPTER VIII 

SIAMPBELL is now the surname of five 

a families in the Peerage of Great Britain 
and Ireland, namely, those of the Duke 
„ of Arj^ll, the Marquess of Breadalbane, 
Earl Cawdor, Baron Blythswood and Baron Strath- 
eden and Campbell ; the four first named taking de- 
scent, as already told, from cadets of the main line 
of Campbell of Lochow. The Earldom of Loudoun 
was long in the family of Campbell of Loudoun, 
which family ended in a daughter, Flora, heiress 
of the fifth Earl of Loudoun, who married Francis, 
first Marquess of Hastings, their descendant, 
Charles Edward Hastings Abney-Hastings being 
the present Earl of Loudoun. 

The present Duke of Argyll is Niall Diarmid 
Campbell, tenth Duke, who is also Earl of Argyll, 
Marquess of Kintyre and Lome, Earl of Campbell 
and Cowal, Viscount Lochow and Glenilla, Baron 
Campbell, Lord Lome, Lord Inverary, Mull, Mor- 
vem and Tiry, Baron Sunbridge and Baron Hamil- 
ton. He was born 16th February, 1872, and in 
1914 succeeded his uncle, the ninth Duke, who in 
1871 married Her Royal Highness the Princesa 
Louise, fourth daughter of the late Queen Victoria, 
but died without issue. The Duke of Argyll is also 
Hereditary Master of His Majesty's Household in 
Scotland, Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland, 
Keeper of Dunoon, Carrick and Dunstaffnage Cas- 
tles, Admiral of the Western Isles, and Vice-Lieu- 



History of the CampheU Family 127 

tenant for Argyll. The principal seat of the ducal 
family is Inverary Castle. The heir presumptive to 
the title is the present Duke's cousin, Douglas Wal- 
ter Campbell, only son of the late Lord Walter 
Campbell, third son of the eighth Duke. 

The present head of the Breadalbane family is 
Gavin Campbell, first Marquess, who succeeded in 
1871 as seventh Earl of Breadalbane, and was cre- 
ated Marquess in 1885. Born 1851, he is a Knight 
of the Garter and member of the Privy Council. 
He is also Earl of Ormelie, Earl of Breadalbane and 
Holland, Viscount of Tay and Paintland, Baron 
Breadalbane, and Lord Glenurchy, Benederaloch, 
Ormelie and Weick. Also Lieutenant-General of 
the Royal Company of Archers, the King's Body- 
guard in Scotland, and has been Lord Keeper of 
the Privy Seal of Scotland since 1907. The prin- 
cipal seats of the Marquess of Breadalbane are Tay- 
mouth Castle, Perthshire, and Craig, Argyllshire. 
The heir presumptive to the Earldom is his nephew, 
Iain Edward Herbert Campbell, born 1885. 

The fifth, and present Earl Cawdor, John Dun- 
can Vaughan Campbell, was born in 1900, and suc- 
ceeded to the title in 1914. His other titles are Vis- 
count Emlyn and Baron Cawdor. Principal seats 
are Cawdor Castle, Nairn; Stackpole Court, Pem- 
broke; Frensham Hall, Haslemere, and Golden 
Grove, Carmarthen. 

The present Baron Bl3rthswood, Archibald Doug- 
las Campbell, fourth Baron, born 1870, succeeded 
his father in 1918. He is Major in the Scots Guards. 
The family seat is Blythswood House, Renfrew. His 
brother, Barrington Sholto Douglas Campbell, is 
the heir presumptive. 



\ 



128 History of the Campbell Family 

The Barony of Stratheden and Campbell is also 
held by a Campbell. The first Baron Campbell was 
Lord Chancellor Campbell, who was born 17th Sep- 
tember, 1779, the son of a clergyman, for fifty years 
parish minister of Cupar, Fife. Jdhn Campbell 
entered as student at Lincolns Inn in 1800, and was 
called to the English bar in 1806, but it was not 
until 1827 that he "took silk" as a King's Counsel. 
He first became a Member of Parliament in 18^0, 
in which year he was elected for Stafford, became 
Solicitor General in 1832, and was knighted. Ap- 
pointed Attorney General in 1834, he was elected 
Member of Parliament for Edinburgh, for which 
he sat until 1841. While Attorney General, Sir 
John Campbell conducted the celebrated prosecu- 
tion of John Frost, one of the Chartist leaders, who 
was found guilty of high treason; and he was also 
engaged in the case which arose out of the duel be- 
tween the Earl of Cardigan and Captain Harvey 
Tuckett. In 1841, Campbell was for a short time 
Chancellor of Ireland, and was raised to the Peer- 
age as Baron Campbell of St. Andrew's. In 1850, 
he was appointed Chief Justice of the Queen's 
Bench, was elevated to the woolsack as Lord Chan- 
cellor of Great Britain in 1859, aild died in 1861. 
Lord Campbell's most notable literary productions 
are the seven-volume work, "The Lives of the Lord 
Chancellors," and "Lives of the Chief Justices of 
England." His wife, whom he married in 1821, the 
eldest daughter of the first Baron Abinger, was in 
1836, created Baroness Stratheden in her own right. 
The first Baron Campbell was succeeded by his eld- 
est son, William Frederick Campbell, second Baron, 
who in 1860 had succeeded his mother as second 



History of the Campbell Family 129 

Baron Stratheden. He was succeeded, in 1893, by 
his brother Hallyburton George Campbell, third 
Baron Stratheden and Campbell, who was born in 
1829, whose son, the Hon. John Beresford Campbell, 
Coldstream Guards, was killed in action, 1915, leav- 
ing a son, Alastair Campbell, born 1899, the next 
in line of succession. 

The Scottish Judicial Title, Lord Skerrington (of 
Session) was assumed by William Campbell on ap- 
pointment as one of the Senators of the College of 
Justice in Scotland, 1908. He was born in 1855, 
son of the late Robert Campbell of Skerrington, 
Ayrshire, became Queen's Counsel in 1898, and was 
Dean of the Faculty of Advocates, 1905-1908. 

Many of the ancient branches of the clan are 
now extinct, and new families bearing the name 
have arisen. Following are some of the present 
representatives of the extant older branches. 

The ancient branch of Barcaldine is now repre- 
sented by Sir Duncan Alexander Dundas Campbell, 
third Baronet of Barcaldine and Glenure, who was 
born in 1856, and succeeded his father in 1880. He 
is Hereditary Keeper of Barcaldine Castle, Superior 
of Rannagulzion, Galray and Wester Denhead, Hil- 
lock and TuUif ergus, Perthshire ; and of Achachros- 
san, Argyll. Also Secretary to the Order of the 
Thistle and member of the Royal Company of 
Archers. The ancestral seat of the family is the 
Black Castle of Barcaldine, Ledaig, Argyll. The 
baronetcy was created in 1831. 

The present head of the Auchinbreck branch is 
Sir Charles Ralph Campbell, eleventh Baronet of 
Auchinbreck, born 1830. He was educated at Edin- 
burgh and resides at Cheviot Hills, New Zealand. 



130 History of the Campbell Family 

His son and heir, Charles Ralph Campbell, is a 
Captain in the 2nd Life Guards. The baronetcy was 
created in 1628. 

The Campbells of Succoth are now represented 
by Sir Archibald Spencer Lindsey Campbell, fifth 
Baronet, who was bom in 1852, and succeeded his 
cousin in 1874. The title was created in 1808, and 
the family seats are, Garscube, Glasgow, and Crarae 
Lodge, Loch Fyne. 

Sir John Bruce Stuart Campbell, second Baronet 
of Ardnamurchan, was born in 1877, and succeeded 
his father in 1915. The title was created in 1913, 
with precedence of 1804. 

The head of the family of Aberuchill is now Sir 
Alexander Coldstream Campbell, seventh Baronet, 
who was born 1877, and succeeded his father. 
Colonel Sir Alexander Campbell, in 1914. Family 
seats are Aberuchill, and Kilbryde Castle, Perth- 
shire. The baronetcy dates from 1668. 

The ancient branch of DunstafFnage is now rep- 
resented by Angus John Campbell, born 1888. He 
is the twentieth Hereditary Captain and twenty- 
fourth Hereditary Keeper of Dunstaffnage ; Heredi- 
tary Warden and Marenycht of Lorn and Lord of 
the Barony of Connel. Dunstaffnage Castle is the 
family seat. 

The head of the family of Campbell of Lochnell 
is John Lochnell Campbell, fourteenth Laird of 
Lochnell, born 1879. The principal seat of the fam- 
ily is Lochnell Castle. Other residences are Bonaw 
House, and Airds Bay House. 

Colin Campbell, head of the Campbells of Jura, 
was born 1851. Principal seat. Jura: House, Argyll. 

The present representative of the branch of In- 



History of the Campbell Family 181 

vetneill, and formerly of Ross, is Colonel Duncan 
Campbell, of Inverneill, Argyll, born 1842. 

The Campbells of Stonefield are now represented 
by Colin George Pelham Campbell, of Stonefield, 
Tarbert, Loch Fyne, born 1872. 

Duncan Campbell is the head of the branch of 
Ross. He was born in 1880, and the family seat is 
Taynish, Argyll. 

James Archibald Campbell is now the representa- 
tive of the branches of Achanduin and Barbreck. 
He was born in 1854. Family seat, Barbreck House, 
Loch-gilp-head, Argyll. 

Lieut.-Colonel John Campbell of Kilberry, Argyll, 
born in 1872, is the head of the Campbells of Kil- 
berry. 

Branchifig from the ancient family of Campbell 
of Inverawe, the Campbells of South Hall are now 
represented by Colonel Edward Parker of South 
Hall, Colintraive, Argyll, who was born in 1851. 

Vice-Admiral Henry Hervey Campbell, C.V.O.; 
C.B. ; of Ardpatrick, Argyll, born 1865, commanded 
H. M. S. "Terrible," escort to the present King and 
Queen on their visit to India in 1905. Appointed 
Naval Aide-de-Camp to King George V. He was 
first Governor to the Prince of Wales, 1911, and 
appointed Groom in Waiting to King George V in 
1917- 

Alastair Magnus Campbell of Auchendarroch, 
Argyll, was born in 1868. 

Major Arthur Maxwell Mitchell Campbell of 
Auchmannoch, Ayrshire, was bom in 1874. 

The family of Maclver-Campbell of Ballochyle is 
now represented by Maclver Forbes Morison Mac- 
lver-Campbell, born 1867. The principal family 



132 History of the Campbell Family 

seats are Ballochyle, Argyll, and Morison House, 
Dumfriesshire. 

The ancient family of Maclver-Campbell of 
Asknish ended in the daughter and heiress of James 
Duff Maclver-Campbell. This daughter, Margaret 
Agnes, succeeded to Asknish in 1883, and was mar- 
ried to Colonel Aylmer Vivian, who assumed the 
name of Maclver-Campbell, by royal license. Their 
grandson, Aylmer Maclver-Campbell, is now head of 
the family. 

The Ormidale branch of the Campbell family also 
ended in a daughter, Catherine Helen Campbell, 
from whom Lieut.-Colonel Hardin Burnley-Camp- 
bell, the present representative of the family, is de- 
scended. 

Sir John Home Purves-Hume-Campbell, eighth 
Baronet of Purves Hall, Berwickshire, was born 
1879, and succeeded his cousin Sir Hugh Hume- 
Campbell in 1894. The baronetcy dates from 1665. 

Other Baronets of later creation are : 

Sir Guy Theophilus Campbell, third Baronet, of 
Thames Ditton, Surrey, was born in 1854 and sue- 
ceeded his father in 1882. The title was created in 
1815. 

Sir Alexander Thomas Cockburn-Campbell, fifth 
Baronet, of Gartsford, Ross-shire, was born 1872 
and succeeded his father in 1892. He resides at 
Wyndham, West Australia. Title created 1821. 

Sir William Andrews Ava Campbell, fifth Bar- 
onet, of New Brunswick, born 1830, succeeded his 
brother, who was killed in action in 1916. Title 
created 1831. 

The Rt. Hon. Sir James Henry Mussen Campbell, 
first Baronet, of denary, Co. Antrim, was born at 



History of the Campbell Family 133 

Terenure, Co. Dublin, 1851 and created Baronet, 
1916. He was appointed Solicitor General for Ire- 
land 1901; Attorney General for Ireland 1905 and 
1916 ; and Lord Chief Justice of Ireland, 1916. 

Many of the name of Campbell are members of 
the orders of knighthood. 

Lieut.-General Sir William Pitcairn Campbell, 
K. C. B., 1915. Served with the Camel Corps in the 
Soudan, 1884-1885; South African War; and G. O. 
C. Southern Command. 

Lieut.-General Sir Frederick Campbell, K. C. B., 
1916 ; D. S. O. ; Peshawar, India. 

General Sir William Campbell, K. C. B., 1911; 
was Aide-de-Camp to Queen Victoria and King 
Edward VII. 

Sir Walter Douglas Somerset Campbell, K. C. 
V. 0., 1910; son of Campbell of Islay; Groom in 
Waiting to Queen Victoria and King Edward VII; 
Deputy Ranger, Windsor Park until 1916. 

Major Sir Maurice Alexander Campbell, K. C. 
M. G., 1914 ; Senior Crown Agent for the Colonies. 

Colonel Sir Robert Neil Campbell, K. C. M. G.; 
C. B. ; D. S. O. ; Indian Medical Service. 

Major-General Sir Walter Campbell, K. C. M. G. ; 
Brigade Major Highland Brigade. 

Sir John Stratheden Campbell, K. C. S. I., 1918 ; 
C. I. E.; Indian Civil Service; Commissioner of 
Kumaon. 

Sir James Campbell, Kt., L. L. D.; of Garrows, 
Dunkeld. Knighted 1918; Chairman of the North 
of Scotland College of Agriculture. 

Hon. Sir Marshall Campbell, Kt., of Muckle Neuk, 
Berea, Durban, Natal. Knighted 1916. 

"What! another of the Clan!"— the Duke of 



134 History of the Campbell Family 

York's exclamation on the future Sir Colin Camp- 
bell's introduction as a candidate for an army com- 
mission, was certainly suited to the occasion, when 
we consider the truly remarkable number of Camp- 
bells who were distinguished Generals of the British 
Army, in the wars of the nineteenth century. 

The most famous of these Generals, Sir Colin 
Campbell, Baron Clyde, Field Marshal, was the 
eldest son of a carpenter, named Macliver, in Glas- 
gow, and Agnes Campbell of the family of the 
Campbells of Islay. He was born on the 20th Octo- 
ber, 1792, and educated at the expense of his uncle. 
Colonel John Campbell, who introduced him to the 
Duke of York as a candidate for a commission in 
the army. It was then that the Commander in Chief 
exclaimed, "What! another of the Clan!" and the 
candidate was entered as Campbell, the uncle telling 
his nephew that, "Campbell is a good name to fight 
under." In 1808, he was commissioned as Ensign, 
and sailed with the expedition under Sir Arthur 
Wellesley. He fought in the Peninsula, 1810-1813, 
for his gallant conduct being recommended for pro- 
motion, and gazetted Captain. He then served in 
Nova Scotia, at Gibraltar, and in the West Indies. 
In 1841, he was ordered to China, receiving promo- 
tion to Colonel on the conclusion of peace. In 1844, 
he was made Brigadier-General and reached Cal- 
cutta, on 24th October, 1846, at the head of his 
regiment. His services in India, at this time, were 
recognized by his being made a K. C. B. in 1849. 
Sir Colin commanded the Highland Brigade at the 
Battle of Alma, 1854, and the first division in the 
Crimea, 1854-1855. As Commandant at Balaklava, 
he directed the famous repulse of the Russian in- 



History of the Campbell Family 135 

fantry column by the 93rd Highlanders. On 11th 
July, 1857, the news of the mutiny in India arrived 
in England, and Lord Palmerston offered Sir Colin 
the command in chief. He arrived in Calcutta in 
August, assumed command of the army and finally 
suppressed the Indian Mutiny and saved the British 
Empire in India. Sir Colin's Relief of Lucknow was 
a memorable incident of the Mutiny; and the mo- 
ment when the Highland lassie, amid the hard 
pressed watchers of the beleaguered city, heard the 
first far distant sound of the war pipes of Sir Colin 
and his Highlanders, has been immortalized in song 
and story. 

"The Hielanders ! ! dinna ye hear 
The slogan far awa?" 

4i 4* 4* 4* 4* 

"Then Jessie said 'The slogan's dune 

But can ye no hear them noo ? 
The Campbells are coming ! It's nae a dream 

Our succors hae broken through.' " 

Rewards were showered upon him. He was pro- 
moted General and made Colonel of his beloved 93rd 
Highlanders. He was made Knight of the Star of 
India (K. S. I.) on the foundation of the order, and 
on 3rd July, 1858 was elevated to the peerage as 
Lord Clyde of Clydesdale. The East India Company 
voted him a pension of £2,000 a year. He was made 
a Field Marshal in 1862. His last days solaced by 
the love of the whole nation, the great soldier of 
fortune died on the 14th August, 1863. He was 
buried in Westminster Abbey. 

Others of the noted Generals who brought fame 
and distinction to the name of Campbell in the an- 
nals of the wars of this period were: 



136 History of the Campbell Family 

General Sir Archibald Campbell and his son, 
Major-Greneral Sir John Campbell. Sir Archibald 
was bom in 1769, and after a brilliant military 
career in India and Burma was created a Baronet 
in 1831. In recognition of his services in the action 
against Ava, the capital of Burma, he was granted 
special arms and the motto "Ava," by royal license. 
He died in 1843. 

His son, Sir John, born 1807, served as aide-de- 
camp to his father in the first Burmese War. He 
was Brigadier General at the Battles of Alma and 
Inkerman, and was promoted Major General. Hear- 
ing of the intended assault on the Great Redan, he 
volunteered to lead the detachments of the 4th 
Division to the attack, and, on 18th June, 1855, was 
killed, displaying "a courage almost amounting to 
rashness," when he rushed out of the trenches and 
fell at once in the act of cheering on his men. 

Another father and son were, Lieut-General 
Colin Campbell and his son, Major-General Sir Guy 
Campbell. Colin Campbell was born in 1754, second 
son of John Campbell of the Citadel, Deputy Keeper 
of the Great Seal of Scotland. He served in the 
American War of Independence, and in the West 
Indies, during the war with France. Later, he was 
in command in Ireland, and Lieut.-Governor of 
Gibraltar at the most critical period of the Peninsu- 
lar War. He was made Lieut.-General in 1811 and 
died at Gibraltar, 1814. 

His son, Major-General Sir Guy Campbell, born 
1786, was created a Baronet in recognition of the 
important military services rendered by his father. 
Sir Guy served in the Peninsular War and was made 
Major General in 1841. He died in 1849. 



History of the Campbell Family 137 

Lieut.-General Sir James Campbell, eldest son of 
Campbell of Inverneill, was born in 1737, served 
in India, the Channel Islands, Ireland and the 
Mediterranean. Was Governor and Commander in 
Chief of the Ionian Islands, and was created a 
Baronet in 1818. Died 1819, and was buried in 
Westminster Abbey. 

Major-General Sir James Campbell, born 1773, 
was Captain of the 42nd Highlanders, or Black 
Watch, 1794. He was engaged in the capture of 
Minorca and served in India under Sir Arthur 
Wellesley. He commanded a brigade in the Penin- 
sular War, taking part in the storming of Ciudad 
Rodrigo and of Badajoz. At the Battle of Vittoria 
he was severely wounded. Was made K. C. B. in 
1822, and died in Paris in 1835. 

Major-General Sir John Campbell, born 1780, 
served first in the Hussars in Spain and later in the 
Portuguese Army. He was knighted in 1815 and 
died in 1863. 

Major-General Sir Niel Campbell of Duntroon, 
born 1776, was, at the time, believed to have con- 
nived at Napoleon's escape from Elba. He served 
through the Peninsular War and with the Russian 
Army in Poland. Campbell was knighted in 1815, 
and selected to be the British Commissioner to ac- 
company Napoleon to Elba. While Campbell was 
on a visit to Italy, 17th to 28th February, 1815, 
Napoleon effected his escape. Many people believed 
Campbell was bribed, but the British Government 
at once declared his behavior had been quite satis- 
factory. He served at the Battle of Waterloo. In 
1825 he was promoted Major General and Governor 
of Sierra Leone, where he died in 1827. 



138 History of the Campbell Family 

Greneral Sir Colin Campbell, son of John Camp- 
bell of Melford, saw service in India and accom- 
panied Sir Arthur Wellesley through most of his 
campaigns. He took part in the storming of Badajoz 
and in nine general engagements. He was made a 
K. C. B. and a Knight of the Tower and Sword of 
Portugal. In 1815, he was attached to the staff 
of the Duke of Wellington and was present at the 
Battle of Waterloo. Later he was Lieut.-Governor 
of Tobago, of Nova Scotia, and Governor of Ceylon. 
Died 1847. 

In the more peaceful walks of life, in the old coun- 
try, we also find many notable members of the 
family. 

John Campbell, born in Edinburgh 1766, was one 
of the founders of the Scottish Religious Tract Soci- 
ety. He was a classfellow of Sir Walter Scott at 
the High School of Edinburgh, and published many 
works giving accounts of his African and other 
missionary travels. Died 1840. 

Rev. Colin Campbell, M. A. ; B.D. ; D.D. ; Minister 
of the parish of Dundee, and past Grand Chaplain 
of the Grand Lodge of Freemasons, Scotland, was 
born at Campbelltown, Argyllshire, 1848. He offi- 
ciated before the late Queen Victoria at Balmoral 
Castle and Crathie Parish Church, almost every 
year from 1883 to 1900. Also author of "Sen-nofer's 
Tomb at Thebes"; "Two Theban Queens"; "The 
Miraculous Birth of King Amon-hotep III"; and 
other Egyptian studies, and many theological works. 

Rev. Joseph William Robert Campbell, M. A., 
President of the Methodist College, Belfast, was 
born at Clough, Newtownbutler, County Fer- 
managh, 1853. Appointed Commissioner of Educa- 



History of the Campbell Family 139 

tion in Ireland and Dean of Residences, Queen's 
University, Belfast. 

Rev. Reginald John Campbell was born in Lon- 
don, 1867, of Scottish Ulster descent. After taking 
his degree at Christ Church, Oxford, he entered the 
Congregational ministry in 1895, and from 1903 to 
1915 was minister of the City Temple, London. 
In 1916 he was ordained in the Church of England, 
and became attached to the staff of Birmingham 
Cathedral. He was appointed Vicar of Christ 
Church, Westminster, 1917. He is the author of a 
great number of publications, including, "The Re- 
stored Innocence"; "The Keys of the Kingdom''; 
"The Song of Ages" ; "The Ladder of Christ" ; "The 
War and the Soul" ; "Words of Comfort" ; and many 
articles and sermons. 

The poet, Thomas Campbell, at the age of sixty- 
one truly described the quality of his own genius, — 
"I believe when I am gone, justice will be done me 
in this way — ^that I was a pure writer." He was 
born in Glasgow in 1777, and educated at Glasgow 
University. For a time he was a tutor in Mull and 
Argyllshire. He had written ballads and poems 
during his university days, and in 1799 he published 
"The Pleasures of Hope," which was received with 
extraordinary favor. It was followed in 1880, by 
the stirring naval ode, "Ye Mariners of England." 
No lines are better known among English readers 
then the opening verse, 

"Ye Mariners of England! 

That guard our native seas ; 
Whose flag has braved, a thousand years. 

The battle and the breeze !" 



it 
it 



140 History of the Campbell Family 

In 1880 and 1881, he travelled in Germany and 
Denmark, one result of his travels being the well 
known poem, "Hohenlinden." Among his best 
known poems are, "Lord Ullin's Daughter"; 
"Lochiel's Warning"; "Battle of the Baltic"; 
Glenara"; "Exile of Erin"; "Theodoric"; and 
Gertrude of Wyoming." His last poem, "The Pil- 
grim of Glencoe," appeared in 1842. He was Rector 
of Glasgow University from 1826 until 1829. He 
died on 15th June, 1844, and was buried in West- 
minster Abbey. 

Alexander Campbell, born 1764, was author of 
"An Introduction to the History of Poetry in Scot- 
land ; "A Journey from Edinburgh." 

Harriette Campbell, novelist, was born at Stir- 
ling in 1817. Her first published work was, "Leg- 
ends of the Lochs and Glens." Her first novel, "The 
Only Daughter," was published in 1839, and other 
novels included, "The Cardinal Virtues," and "Kath- 
erine Randolph." 

John Francis Campbell of Islay was born in 1822, 
and educated at Eton and Edinburgh. His best 
known works were, "Popular Tales of the West 
Highlands," and a series of Gaelic texts under the 
title, "Leabhair na Fenine." Also publications on 
natural science. 

Joseph Campbell, born 1879, wrote, "Irishry"; 
"The Gilly of Christ" ; "Judgment" ; and "The Rush- 
light." 

Frances Campbell, novelist, author of "Love the 
Atonement"; "Two Queenslanders" ; "A Pillar of 
Dust" ; "Dear Love," and other novels. 

R. W. Campbell, author of "The Kangaroo 
Marines" ; "The Making of Micky McGhee." 



History of the Campbell Family 141 

Lewis Campbell, born at Edinburgh, 1830, was 
Professor of Greek at St. Andrew's University, and 
produced editions of Sophocles, Plato, and many 
translations. He collaborated on the "Life of 
Jowett." In 1904, he edited a collection of Thomas 
Campbell's poems. 

John A. Campbell wrote, "The Royal Families of 
Scotland." 

Rev. John Gregorson Campbell, author of "Super- 
stitions of the Highlands"; "Waifs and Strays of 
Celtic Tradition" ; "Witchcraft and Second Sight." 

Douglas Houghton Campbell published "The 
Structure and Development of Mosses and Ferns." 

Lady Archibald Campbell, wife of the second 
son of the eighth Duke of Argyll, is the originator 
of pastoral plays in Europe. In these plays she 
has appeared in many parts, among others, Orlando, 
Fair Rosamond and Oberon. She is the author, and 
managed, "Tam Lin," the Scottish ballad play pro- 
duced in Edinburgh. Also dramatized "Cap and 
Bells," and is author of, "Rainbow Music," and 
many articles on the drama and West Highland lore. 

Mrs. Patrick Campbell, English actress, was born 
in London in 1865, and in 1884 married Captain 
Patrick Campbell, who was killed in the Boer War, 
1900. She first became prominent at the Adelphi 
Theatre, London, in 1892, and next year appeared 
in the sensation, "Second Mrs. Tanqueray." For 
many years she occupied a position in the first rank 
of English actresses, appearing with Forbes Robert- 
son in Macbeth; also in "The Notorious Mrs. Ebb- 
smith" and "Magda." She has paid successful visits 
to America. 

Thomas Campbell, sculptor, was born in Edin- 



142 History of the Campbell Family 

burgh in 1790. One of his first works was a seated 
statue of the Princess Pauline Borghese, now at 
Chatsworth. He exhibited various works at the 
Royal Academy. Others of his productions include, 
monument to the Duchess of Buccleuch, and a statue 
of Queen Victoria at Windsor. 

Miss Dorothy Campbell was British Woman Golf 

Champion in 1909 and 1911. The first time the 

« 

American Women's National Championship left 
America was on her victory in 1909. 

Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, English Prime 
Minister, was born in 1836, the second son of Sir 
James Campbell, Lord Provost of Glasgow. He 
assumed the name of Bannerman in 1872, in com- 
pliance with the will of his uncle, Henry Bannerman. 

The Campbells, like so many of the old Scottish 
families, have ever taken a notable part in the 
building of the British Empire. Mention has been 
made of those of the name who assisted in the bril- 
liant military achievement of the imperial forces; 
and to these should be added the names of other 
Campbells, who, in various walks of life, have 
brought distinction to the name in every quarter of 
the globe. 

John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, P. C, K. T., 
G. C. M. G., G. C. V. O., ninth Duke of Argyll, was 
Governor General of Canada from 1878 to 1883. 
The Duke can also be properly included among 
Canadian poets. Among his poetical works are, a 
Canadian "National Hymn"; "Qu'Appelle Valley"; 
"Alberta"; and "Quebec." 

Sir W. Campbell, Chief Justice of Upper Canada, 
originally served in the army, and fought in the 
American Revolutionary War. After the peace of 



History of the Campbell Family 143 

1783, he resided in Nova Scotia, and was called to 
the Bar. Subsequently he went to Cape Breton, 
where he was appointed Attorney General and was 
a member of the Assembly. In 1811, he was ap- 
pointed Judge in Upper Canada, and, in 1825, was 
elevated to the Chief Justiceship, which he held 
until 1829, when he retired and received the honor 
of knighthood. 

Robert Campbell occupied a prominent place 
among the explorers of the Hudson's Bay Company, 
in 1852 and 1853. 

Sir Alexander Campbell, born 1821, was one of 
the Fathers of Confederation and a Delegate to the 
Quebec Conference, October, 1864. He also served 
as Commissioner of Crown Lands. Died 1892. 

Robert Peel William Campbell, M. A., LL. B., 
D. C. L., K. C, born St. Hilaire, Quebec, 1853, was 
appointed Chancellor of the Diocese of Quebec. Be- 
came Clerk of the Legislature of. the Province of 
Quebec in 1909. 

Hon. Colin H. Campbell, lawyer and statesman, 
was born at Burlington, Ontario, in 1859. He became 
K. C. in 1893, and is author of much varied and 
important legislation. His grandfather came from 
Argyllshire in 1807. 

Hon.Archibald Campbell, born Ridgetown, County 
Kent, Ontario, 1846. Was president of Campbell 
Milling Company ; elected Member of the Dominion 
House for Kent, 1887-1888, 1891-1896; for West 
York, 1901 and 1904. Called to the Senate, 1907, 
and became Chairman of the Banking and Com- 
merce Committee of the House of Commons. Also 
of the Railway Committee. 



144 History of the Campbell Family 

Isaac Campbell, K. C, lawyer and statesman, was 
born at Morpeth, Ontario, 1853. 

Archibald William Campbell, Deputy Minister of 
Railways and Canals, was born at Wardsville, 
Ontario, in 1863. Good Roads Commissioner, On*- 
tario, 1896 and Deputy Minister of Public Works, 
Ontario, 1900. Popularly known as "Good Roads 
Campbell." 

R. H. Campbell was appointed Director of For- 
estry, Ottawa, 1917. 

Dr. George W. Campbell, born 1810, was of an 
old Argyllshire family. He graduated at Glasgow 
University in 1832, and came to Canada the same 
year, being, in 1833, appointed to the chair of 
surgery, and lecturer on obstetrics, at McGill Uni- 
versity. He was elected Dean in 1862, and held that 
post until his death in 1882. 

Dr. Francis Wayland Campbell, of Montreal, was 
born in 1837, and graduated at McGill University 
in 1860. He was first Registrar of the Medical 
Faculty of Bishop's College in 1871. In 1883, he 
was elected Dean and Professor, For ten years he 
was Secretary of the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons of Quebec. During the long period of 
forty-three years he was connected with the Militia 
of Canada, and rose to the rank of Surgeon Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel. He died in 1905. 

Percy Gerald Cadogan Campbell, M. A., Professor 
of Romance Languages, Queen's University, was 
born in 1878. B. A. Oxford (Balliol Coll.), 1902. 

Alexander Charles Campbell, B. A., Principal of 
St. John's Technical High School, Winnipeg, 1910, 
was born at Dominionville, Ontario, 1875. 

Professor John Campbell contributed many valu- 



History of the Campbell Family 145 

able historical and archaeological papers to the 
Canadian Institute. 

Rev. George M. Campbell, a descendant of the 
Campbells of Inverary, born Wallace, N. S., in 1853, 
filled many important pastorates in the Methodist 
Church. 

Rev. John Campbell was born in Argyllshire in 
1845, related to the family of Sir Colin Campbell, 
Lord Clyde. He came to Canada in 1851. He was 
Moderator of the Synod of British Columbia. 
Author of many magazine articles. 

Rev. Robert Campbell, D. D., was Moderator of 
the Presbyterian Church in Canada, and for up- 
wards of fifty years one of the foremost members 
of that Church. 

Thomas W. Campbell, born at Three Rivers, 
Quebec, in 1851, was first ordained to the ministry 
of the Methodist Church in 1879. He afterwards 
became a Reformed Episcopal clergyman, and was 
elected Bishop of that Church in Canada in 1891, 
and presiding Bishop in 1894. He united with the 
Presbyterian Church in 1898. 

P. Campbell, formerly an officer in the 42nd High- 
landers, published an account of his travels in the 
interior of North America in 1791 and 1792. 

One of the best known of Canadian poets, William 
Wilfred Campbell, was born at Berlin, Canada, in 
1861. He studied for the Church of England, but 
retired from the Church and entered the Civil Ser- 
vice. Among the most notable of his many lyric 
and dramatic publications are, "Lake Lyrics" ; "The 
Dread Voyage"; "Beyond the Hills of Dream"; 
"Snowflakes and Sunbeams" ; "Empire of the Sea' 
"Coronation Ode" ; "War Lyrics.' 



piXC UJL tllC oca" 
99 



146 History of the Campbell Family 

Duncan Campbell, author of "History of Nova 
Scotia" ; "History of Prince Edward Island." 

Robert Henry Campbell, author of "Manitoba"; 
"Forest Fires"; "The Relation of Forestry to the 
Development of the Country." 

Rev. Robert Campbell published a "History of 
the Scotch Presbyterian Church, St. Gabriel St., 
Montreal." 

Francis Wayland Campbell, author of "The War 
of 1812." 

Major-General Alexander H. E. Campbell, born 
at Madras, India, 1835, after service in India, re- 
tired in 1886, and became Judge of the Nizam of 
Hyderabad's Court from that date until 1896. 

Sir James MacNab Campbell, K. C. I. E., 1897, 
Indian official and compiler of the "Bombay Gaz- 
etteer," was born at Patrick, Scotland, in 1846. He 
died in 1903. 

Richard Hamilton Campbell, C. I. E., Indian Civil 
Service, of the family of Campbell of Barcaldine, 
was Private Secretary to the Governor of Madras, 
1891-1892 ; and District Magistrate, 1896-1909. Pri- 
vate Secretary to the Maharajah of Mysore, 1909- 
1913. 

John Gordon Drummond Campbell, of Craignish, 
was born in 1864. Educated at Charterhouse and 
Corpus Christi Coll., Oxford, he was called to the 
Bar at Lincolns Inn, 1890. He was Education 
Adviser to the King of Siam, 1899-1901. Author 
of "Siam in the Twentieth Century," and contribu- 
tor to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. 

Archibald Young Gipps Campbell was born in 
1872, and educated at Westminster and Trinity Coll., 
Cambridge. Entered the Indian Civil Service, 1895, 



History of the Campbell Family 147 

and was Private Secretary to the Governor of 
Madras, 1906-1912. Collector 1912-1913 ; President, 
Corporation of Madras, 1913; and member of 
Weights and Measures Committee, India, 1913-1914. 

James Argyll Campbell, M. D., Professor of Phy- 
siology, Government School of Medicine, Singapore, 
was born at Brisbane, Australia, 1884. 

Henry Cooke Campbell, I. S. O., 1908, was Presid- 
ing Judge of the Native High Court, Natal. 

Right Rev. Archibald Ean Campbell, was Bishop 
of Glasgow and Galloway, and was translated to 
Mashonaland in 1907. 

Alexander Malcolm Campbell, I. S. O., 1914, has 
been Government Secretary at Papua, New Guinea, 
since 1908. 

W. Telfer Campbell was appointed Colonial Secre- 
tary, Gambia, in 1912. 

The "Mystery V. C.,*' gained early in February, 
1917, no mention being made of the deed by which 
it was earned, is of special interest to those of the 
clan, for it was gained by Captain Gordon Campbell, 
a young New Zealander, in command of a mystery 
ship in the North Sea. 



CHAPTER IX 

GREAT Scotsman, Thomas Carlyle, 
has said, "By symbols man is guided 
and commanded, made happy, made 
wretched," and the emblems used by our 
fathers in days gone by are well worthy of being 
remembered. More than seventy Armorial Bear- 
ings are recorded in the Lyon Register of Arms, as 
having been granted or confirmed to members of 
the family of Campbell. These arms are, in every 
case, those of the heads of the branch of the family, 
a Scottish Clan, as such, having no distinctive 
Armorial Bearings. All arms for the name of 
Campbell are gyronny of eight, that is the shield is 
divided into eight gyrons, formed by lines drawn 
from the sides and meeting in the fesse, the centre. 
The crest of the Boar's Head, carried in the arms 
of Argyll, arose from a hardy achievement of the 
ancestor, Diarmid o' Duibhne. The circumstance 
alluded to was a memorable hunting of the wild 
boar at Glenshie, in Perthshire, when Diarmid 
killed a boar of monstrous size, in attempting the 
life of which several had perished. He was so 
severely wounded that he soon after died, and was 
buried near Glenshie, where there are two places 
known by the names of Leab-in-tuirk, or the Boar's 
head, and Uie Diarmid, or the grave of Diarmid. 

The crest yields in honor to none of the heraldic 

insignia. It was the emblem that served, when the 

banner was rent asunder and the shield broken, as 

148 



History of the Campbell Family 149 

a rallying point for the Knight's followers. Many 
branches of the family bear their distinctive crest. 
For instance, the hart's head of the Campbell of 
Inverawe, borne in regard to the deer they have on 
the great mountain of Cruachan. The supporters, 
another of the heraldic insignia, originated from the 
custom of the knights exhibiting their armorial 
shields upon the barriers and pavilions on the oc- 
casion of a tournament. Pages and esquires attended 
to watch their master's escutcheons, and on these 
occasions they assumed grotesque and fantastic 
costumes, clothing themselves in the skins of lions 
or bears, and hence the variety of supporters carried 
in the arms of the different branches. 

Many of the Armorial Bearings of the Campbells 
in the Lyon Register are no longer in use, but 
among those still extant, the following are of most 
general interest. 

The Armorial Bearings of the Duke of Argyll: 
Arms. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, gyronny of eight, or 
and sable, for Campbell; 2nd and 3rd, argent, a 
lymphad or galley, her sails furled and oars in ac- 
tion, all sable, flag and pennant flying gules, for 
Lorn. 

Crest^-A boar's head couped or, armed argent, 
langued gules. 

Supporters — Two lions guardant, gules. 

Mottoes — ^Vix ea nostra voco ; and over the crest, 
Ne obliviscaris. 

Behind the arms of Argyll are two honorable 
badges in saltire, viz: 1st, a baton, gules, semee of 
thistles or, ensigned with imperial crowns proper, 
thereon the crest of Scotland. The other badge is 
a sword, proper, hilt and pommel or. The two 



150 History of the Campbell Family 

badges are borne for Hereditary Great Master of 
the King's Household in Scotland, and Justice Gen- 
eral of Argyllshire. 

The Marquess of Breadalbane. Arms. Quarterly, 
1st and 4th, gyronny of eight, or and sable, for 
Campbell; 2nd, argent, a lymphad or galley sable, 
sails furled oars in action, flags and pennants flying, 
for Lorn ; 3rd, or, a f esse chequy azure and argent, 
for Stewart. 

Crest — ^A boar's head, erased, proper. 

Supporters — Two stags proper, attired and un- 
guled, or. 

Motto — Follow me. 

Earl Cawdor. Arms. Quarterly, 1st, or, a hart's 
head caboshed, sable, attired gules, for Calder ; 2nd, 
gyronny of eight, or and sable, for Campbell; 3rd, 
argent, a lymphad, oars in action, sable, for Lorn; 
4th per fesse azure and gules, a cross or, for Lort. 

Crest — A swan, proper. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion guardant, gules; 
sinister, a hart, proper. 

Mottoes — Over the crest, Candidus cantabit 
moriens; under the arms. Be Mindful. 

Baron Blythswood. Arms. 1st and 4th grand 
quarters, counterquartered, 1st and 4th, gyronny of 
eight, or and sable, each charged with a trefoil, 
slipped and counterchanged ; 2nd and 3rd argent, a 
lymphad, sable ; 2nd and 3rd grand quarters, argent, 
a fesse chequy, gules, and of the first, between three 
mullets in chief, azure, a human heart in base, 
proper. 

Crests and Mottoes — ^A lymphad, motto over, 
Vincit labor ; an oak tree with a lock hanging upon 
one of the branches, motto over, Quae serata secura. 



History of the Campbell Family 151 

Supporters — On the dexter, a savage wreathed 
about the temple and loins with laurel, and holding 
in the dexter hand a club resting on the exterior 
shoulder, proper, around his neck a gold chain 
pendent therefrom an escutcheon, argent, charged 
with a human h^art, gules; on the sinister, a lion 
gules, gorged with a collar flory counterflory, or, 
and pendent therefrom an escutcheon, argent, 
charged as the dexter supporter. 

Baron Stratheden and Campbell. Arms. Gyronny 
of eight, or and sable, within a bordure engrailed, 
quarterly, or and azure, charged with eight buckles, 
counterchanged. 

Crest — ^A boar's head erased gyronny of eight or 
and sable. 

Supporters — As Lord Stratheden, on either side 
a buck, argent; as Lord Campbell, on either side a 
lion guardant, gules. 

Campbell of Lochnell. Arms. Quarterly, 1st and 
4th, gyronny of eight, or and sable, for Campbell ; 
2nd argent, a boar's head, azure; 3rd Lorn, as in 
Argyll. 

Crest — A dexter hand holding a lance bendways, 
proper. 

Supporters — Dexter, a lion guardant; sinister, a 
swan. 

Motto — ^Audaces juvo. 

Campbell of Inverawe. Arms. Gyronny of eight, 
or and sable, a bordure wavy azure charged with 
eight salmon naiant, argent. 

Crest — ^A hart's head, proper. 

Campbell of DunstafFnage. Arms. Quarterly, 1st, 
azure, a castle triple-towered argent, masoned sable, 
standing on a rock proper, doors and windows, 



152 History of the Campbell Family 

gules, on the top of the middle tower a cock, and on 
each of the others an eagle, or; 2nd, gyronny of 
eight, or and sable ; 3rd, or, a f esse chequy, azure and 
argent; 4th, gules, a boar's head caboshed, or, be- 
tween a crescent and a spur rowel, argent, in fesse. 

Crest — ^An anchor in pale, azure. 

Motto — ^Vigilando. 

Campbell of Barbreck. Arms. Quarterly, 1st and 
4th, gyronny of eight, or and sable; 2nd, argent, a 
sword, gules, pommel and hilt, sable ; 3rd argent, a 
castle triple-towered, sable. 

Crest — A lion's head, front faced. 

Motto — I beare in minde. 

Campbell of Succoth. Arms. Quarterly, 1st and 
4th, Campbell, gyronny of eight, engrailed, or and 
sable; 2nd and 3rd, Wallace of EUerslie, a lion 
rampant, argent, within a bordure, counter com- 
pony, argent and azure. 

Crest — A camel's head, couped, proper. 

Supporters — ^Dexter, a lion rampant guardant; 
sinister, a savage, wreathed about the temple and 
loins, all proper. 

Mottoes — Lahore et perseverantia ; Labor omnia 
superat. 

Campbell of Ardnamurchan. Arms. Quarterly, 
1st, or, a stag's head caboshed, sable, attired gules ; 
2nd, argent, a galley, sails furled and oars in action, 
sable; 3rd, gyronny of eight, or and sable; 4th, a 
fesse chequy, azure and argent. 

Crest — A swan, proper. 

Motto — Be mindful. 

Campbell of Ottar. Arms. Gyronny of eight, 
ermine and sable. 



History of the Campbell Family 153 

Crest — A hand in pale, holding a dirk erect, 
proper. 

Motto — Pro patria semper. 

Campbell of Auchinbreck. Arms. Gyronny of 
eight, ermine and purpure. 

Crest — ^A dexter hand, proper, holding a spur, or. 

Motto — Forget not. 

Campbell of Barcaldine and Glenure. Arms. 
Quarterly, 1st, gyronny of eight, or and sable, 
Campbell, on a dexter canton, argent, a bend sable, 
between a unicorn's head, erased in chief, and a 
cross crosslet fitchee in base, gules, Dennistoun ; 2nd, 
or, a fesse chequy, azure and argent, Stewart; 3rd, 
argent, a galley, sable, oars in action, Lorn; 4th, 
gyronny of eight, or and sable, Campbell, on a dexter 
canton, gules, two bars, of the first, Cameron; all 
within a bordure quarterly, or and sable. 

Crest — ^A man in full Highland garb, holding in 
his dexter hand a claymore, and on his sinister arm 
a target, all proper. 

Supporters — ^A leopard and a stag, both proper. 

Motto — Paratus sum. 

Campbell of Aberuchill. Arms. Quarterly, 1st 
and 4th, a gyronny of eight, or and sable; 2nd, 
argent, a lymphad, her oars in action, sable; 3rd, 
jor, a fesse chequy, azure and argent; all within a 
border, ermine. 

Crest — ^A lion guardant, crowned with laurel and 
holding in his dexter paw a sword, proper, hilted 
and pommelled, or, and in the sinister a dag or 
Highland pistol. 

Supporters — Two bloodhounds regardant collared 
and leished, or. 



A 



154 History of the Campbell Family 

Motto — Sequitur victoria fortes. 

Campbell of Cessnock. Arms. Gyronny of eight, 
or and sable, a bordure gules, charged with eight 
escallops of the first, a canton gyronny of eight, 
ermine of gules. 

Crest — ^A phoenix's head erased, or. 

Motto — Constanter et prudenter. 

Campbell of Craignish. Arms. A shield gyronny 
of eight, or and sable, suspended from the mast of 
a lymphad, sable. 

Crest — ^A boar's head, erased, proper. 

Motto — Fit via vi. 

Campbell of Ardentinny. Arms. Gyronny of 
eight, sable and or, a bordure of the first charged 
with eight crescents of the second. 

Crest — Two oars of a galley in saltire, proper. 

Motto — Terra mareque fide. 

Campbell of Skipness. As Ardentinny. 

Campbell of Glenlyon. Arms. Quarterly as 
Breadalbane, in the centre of the quarters a man's 
heart, gules, crowned or. 

Crest — ^A demi lion, proper, with a collar gyronny 
of eight, or and sable, and holding in his dexter paw 
the heart, as in the arms. 

Motto — Quae recta sequer. 

Campbell of Ardkinglass. Arms. Gyronny of 
eight, sable and or, a bordure of the second. 

Crest — ^A galley, oars in action, proper. 

Motto — Set on. 

Campbell of Shawfield and Islay. Arms as Ar- 
dentinny. 

Crest — ^A griffin erected holding the sun within 
his f orepaws, proper. 

Motto — Fidus amicus. 



History of the Campbell Family 155 

Campbell of Lawers. Arms. Gyronny of eight, 
or and sable, a bordure vair. 

Crest — ^A boar's head erected and erased, or. 

Motto — Fac et spera. 

Campbell of Auchmannoch. Arms. Gyronny of 
eight, gules and ermine, quartering Mure of Black- 
law. 

Crest — A double headed eagle rising from flames, 
looking towards the sun. 

Motto — I bide my time. 

Campbell of Jura. * As Lochnell. 

Campbell of Duntroon. Arms. Quarterly, 1st 
and 4th, gyronny of eight, or and sable ; 2nd, argent, 
a galley, oars in action, sable, surmounted by a 
boar's head erased, or ; 3rd, azure, a tower, argent, 
masoned sable; all within a bordure ermine. 

Crest — Issuing out of the top of a tower, two 
arms drawing an arrow in a bow, all proper. 

Motto — ^Agite pro viribus. 

The following families of the name of Campbell 
all bear the gyronny of eight, with the crests and 
mottoes named : 

Of Moy — Crest, A swan ; Motto, Be ever mindful. 

Of Mochaster — Crest, A boar's head; Motto, 
Sequor. ^ 

Of Glenfalloch — Crest, A man's heart trans- 
pierced with a dart ; Motto, Thiss f arr. 

Of Lix — Crest, A boar's head ; Motto, Deo Volente. 

Of Auchawillig — Crest, Two oars of a galley in 
salire ; Motto, Armis et fide. 

Of Dunoon — Crest, as Auchawillig; Motto, Vis 
et fides. 

Of Glenfeochan — Crest, A stag's head; Motto, 
Mar bu mhiann dom. 



156 History of the Campbell Family 

Of Glenfeochan — Crest, A stag's head; Motto, 
Ulterius et Melius. 

Of Gargunnock — Crest, A stork; Motto, Refero. 

The ancient family of Maclver-Campbell of Ask- 
nish. Arms. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, grand quarters, 
quarterly, 1st and 4th, gyronny of eight, or and 
sable; 2nd, argent, a dexter hand couped in fesse 
grasping a dagger in pale, gules; 3rd, argent, a 
lymphad, sails furled and oars in action, sable ; 2nd 
and 3rd grand quarters, quarterly or and gules, a 
bend sable, for Maclver. 

Supporters — Two leopards guardant. 

Motto — Nunquam obliviscar. 

Crest of my sires ! whose blood it seal'd 
With glory in the strife of swords, 

Ne'er may the scroll that bears it yield 
Degenerate thoughts or faithless words. 



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