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©bBtrbatlatis rtBptctmg tlie (IDrbtc td tlie ^hiBtk 



FttUow of the Society of Antiqtuuriee of Scotland, and of the Eoyal Society of Northern 

Antiqiuuries, Copenhagen, 

ABSodate of the Imperial Archsological Sodetv of Roasia^ 

Member of the Hlstorfcal Societies of Pennsylvania and Queoec, 

HoDOZaxy Member of the Historical Sodeties of Michigan, Chicago, and New Jersey, and of the 

Antiquarian Society of Montreal, 

And Corresponding Member of the Royal Society of Bohemia, 

Of the Historical Society of Berlin, of the American Ethnological Society, 

And of the Historical Societies of New York, Maine. Virginia, Rhode Island, Maryland, 

Minnesota, South Carolina, Missouri, Vermont, and New Brunswidc, 

Of the Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia, 

Of the Historical and Genealogical Society of New England, 

Of the Royal Society of Tasmania, 

Of the Royal Heraldic and Genealogical Society of Italy, 

And of the Natural History Society of Montreal 



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INDEX, . ' 115 

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Fbom the surface of an inland sea^ about four miles 
in breadth^ which at a prehistoric period covered the 
strath resting between the Ochil Hills and the heights 
of Bannock and the Lennox^ jutted three islets^ of ^ 
which the most considerable became^ long after the 
waters had receded^ the site of a rude fortalice, 
latterly of a royal palace. At the dawn of history 
the place was known as Strivelyn, a compound word 
signifying a rock surrounded by a marsh. Such was 
its true description; but the swamp has ceased, 
while in the plain, now rich and verdant, meander the 
rivers Forth, Teith, and Allan, the delight of the 
angler and the glory of the poet. 

Topographically in the centre of Scotland, Stirling 
became a focus of the national life. In its castle the 
sovereign held court and council, in its streets were 
the dwellings of the nobles, and in its environs were 
practised the sports of chivalry. Within its Chapel 
Royal did kings delight to worship ; it was their place 
of confession and the sanctuary of their household. 

Associated with regal power, Stirling Rock stood 

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forth as a great altar in the field of freedom. A 
cradle of the arts, there was cherished in its halls 
that music which, wedded to the national song, 
has endeared Scotland to its sons, and through their 
minstrelsy has endeared it to the world. 

Of the Chapel Boyal of Stirling, any history would 
be imperfect which did not refer to the grace and 
beauty of its site. From Stirling Castle may be 
descried a prospect singularly picturesque. Border- 
ing the ancient swamp, now a cultured garden, do 
sylvan-clad mansions rest on a prehistoric sea-beach, 
while the ennobling panorama is bounded by towering 
heights and majestic mountains. At every point far 
as the eye can reach are scenes famous in romance 
or historically celebrated. Where on the east the 
Forth enfolds Cambuskenneth Abbey, terminated 
that struggle between the Scots and Picts which 
enabled Kenneth, son of Alpin, to establish mon- 
archical order on tribal misrule. Towards the south 
at Falkirk, in two military engagements, fought cen- 
turies apart, did the national cause suffer inglorious 
discomfiture. In the same direction at Kildean, an 
ill-advised monarch was worsted and slain. Close by 
on the south Scottish liberty triumphed at Bannock- 
bum. On the north at Sheriflftnuir the first insur- 
rection on behalf of the exiled House of Stewart 
began and terminated. 

When Stirling Castle became a royal residence has 
not been ascertained ; it was a favoured resort of 

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Alexander I. This sovereign, sumamed the Fierce, 
from his vigorous character, was withal beneficent 
and pious. To the town of Stirling he, in 1120, 
granted a charter of incorporation, and founding a 
chapel in the castle, he, in honour of his departed 
mother, the sainted Queen Margaret, attached it to 
Dunfermline monastery.* 

During the reign of David I. (1124-1153) a contro- 
versy arose between the administrators of the Chapel 
Boyal and the ecclesiastical authorities at Eccles, a 
parish which comprehended Stirling, and that exten- 
sive territory embracing the modern parishes of Lar- 
bert and Dunipace.t The dispute related to the dis- 
posal of tithes and of the dues of sepulture ; it was 
adjusted at the Castle of Edinburgh in presence of 
the king, his son the Prince Henry, and the prin- 
cipal nobility. In the following document the 
decision is embodied : 

De Concordia ecclesiarum de Eccles et Striuelin. 

Hec est concordia que facta fait apud Castellum Puellarum, 
coram rege Dauid et Henrico filio eius et baronibus eorum, inter 
R episcopum Sancti Andree et G. abbatem de Dunfermelyn, 
de ecclesia parochiali de Eccles et Capella Castelli de Striuelin : 
Recordati fuerunt barones regis, et in hac recordacione omnes 
concordati sunt, quod ea die qua Bex Alexander fecit Capellam 
dedicare supradictam, donauit et concessit eidem Capelle deci- 
mas dominiorum suorum in soca de Striuelin ; que eadem die 
fuerunt dominia sua, sine acreuerunt sine decreuerunt Et 

* Beg. de Dunfermlyn, 4, 8. 

t Sketches of Early Scotch History, by Cosmo Innes, Edinb. 1861, 
8vo, pp. 16, 17. 

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preterea considerauerant quod ecclesia parochialis de Eccles 
habere debebat uniuersas decimas que proueniunt de hurd* 
mannis et bondis et gresmannis cum ceteris consuetudinibus 
quas debent ecclesie ; et qui mortui fuerint siue silit de manci- 
piis dominiorum siue de parochia supradicta corpora eorum 
iaceant in cimiterio parochiali prenominato cum rebus quas 
debent habere mortui secum ad ecclesiam nisi forte fuerit quod 
aliquis de burgensibus aliquo subito casu ibi moriatur. £t si 
dominia postea creuerunt uel in sartis uel in fractura ueteris 
terre antea non culte, decimas eorum habeat predicta Capella; 
si uero eodem modo creuerunt terre aliorum hominum parochi- 
alium, ecclesia parochialis decimas eorum habeat; et si homines 
plures quam solebant dudum modo manent in dominio supra- 
dicto, decimas eorum et omnium hominum quicumque illud 
excoluerint dominium habebit capella, et ecclesia parochialis 
habebit eorum corpora qui in dominio manent ; et si terre que 
tunc non fuerunt de dominio creuerunt in mansuris hominum, 
parochialis ecclesia eorum decimas habebit; et hiis omnibus 
predictis hominibus ipsa eadem omnes rectitudines christiani- 
tatis propter sepulture dignitatem faciet. Hiis presentibus 
testibus, 6. epiacopo Dunkeldensis, A. abbate Sancte Crucis, W. 
abbate de Striuelin, EL priore de Coldingham, 0. priore de 
Jeddeworth, 0. priore Sancte Crucis; et de laicis, Duncano 
comite, Gospatric comite, H. constabulario, W. de Sumeruile, 
Dauid Olifard, W. filio Alani, H. Camerario, Henrico filio Swani; 
et aliis multis.* 

The preceding instrument may be thus rendered : 

'* This is the agreement which was entered into at the Castle 
of the Maidens, before King David, and Henry his son, and 
their barons, between R[obert] bishop of St Andrews and 6[alfrid] 
abbot of Dunfermlyn, regarding the parish church of Eccles and 
the chapel of the Castle of Stirling. The King's barons remem- 
bered, and in that remembrance all agreed, that on the day 
when Eling Alexander caused the aforesaid chapel to be dedi- 
cated, he gave and granted thereto the tithes of his domains in 

♦ Reg. de Dunfermlyn, 8, 9. 

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the lordship of Stirling, as they were his at the time, whether 
they increased or decreased : And further, they considered that 
the parish church of Eccles ought to have the whole tithes 
accruing from the herdsmen, bondmen, and gresmen, with other 
dues which they owe to the church; and those of them who 
may die, whether servants of the demesne lands or of the 
parish, their bodies should lie in the burying-ground of the 
parish, with such things as the dead ought to have with them 
to the church, unless by chance any of the burgesses die there 
suddenly. And if the domains shall increase, either by the 
grubbing out of wood or the breaking up land not before tilled, 
the chapel shall possess the tithes; and if the lands of other 
men of the parish increase, the parish church should have their 
tithes ; and if more men dwell in the demesne than in times 
past, the tithes of these and of all cultivators shall go to the 
chapel, while the parish church shall have their bodies ; and if 
the lands which were not of the demesne increase in the num- 
ber of dwellings, the parish church should have their tithes; 
and to all the church shall minister Christian rites, on account 
of the dignity of sepulture. These witnesses were present — 
6[regory], bishop of Dunkeld ; A[lwin], abbot of Holyrood ; W., 
abbot of Stirling; H[erbert], prior of Coldingham; 0[sbert], 
prior of Jedburgh ; 0[sbert], prior of Holyrood ; and these lay- 
men — ^Duncan, earl [of Fife]; Gk)spatric, earl [of Dunbar]; 
H[ugh de Morville], Constable; W[illiam] de Somerville [of 
Camwath]; David Olifard [justiciar of Lothian]; W[alter], 
son of Alan [the Steward]; H[erbert], Chamberlain; Henry, 
son of Swan, and many others." 

The history of the chapel is continued in the fol- 
lowing instrument of excambion, of the reign of 
William the Lyon [1165-1214] :* 

'^ Willelmus Rex Scottorum omnibus probis hominibus tocius 
terre sue, clericis et laicis, salutem. Sciatis me concessisse 
et dedisse et hac carta me confirmasse Deo et ecclesie Sancte 

* Reg. de Dunfennlyn, 38, 39. 

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Tiinitatis de Dunfermelyn et monachis ibidem Deo seruientibus 
et Capelle Castelli mei de Striuelin in excambinm terre sue 
quam primnm clausi in parcb meo quando parcum menm 
primum clausi, terrain que est inter terrain suam quam habent 
extra parcum et diuisas terre de Eirketun et ex alia parte 
terram que est inter Cambusbarun terram Petri de Striuelin 
et terram Bogeri filii Odonis» sicut magna strata uadit ad 
Cuiltedouenald, sicut Bicardus de MoreuiUa, constabularius, et 
Robertus Auenel, justiciarius, et Badulphus vicecomes, et Petrus 
de StriueUn perambulauerunt : Tenendam in perpetuam elemo- 
sinam, ita Ubere et quiete, sicut alias elemosinas suas tenent : 
Testibus, Bicardo de Moruilla, constabulario, Boberto Auenel, 
justiciario, Alano filio dapiferi, Adamo filio Thome, Bogero de 
Valoniis, Badulpho vicecomite de Striuelin, Petro de Striuelin, 
Waltero de Berkelai, Bicardo clerico apud Striuelin." 

Rendered into English^ the preceding instrument 
reads thus : 

'* William, King of Scots, to all good men, clerical and lay, 
greeting: Wit ye me to have granted and given, and by this 
my present charter confirmed to God and the Church of the 
Holy Trinity at Dunfermline, and the monks there serving 
God, and to the chapel of my castle of Stirling, in exchange for 
their land, which I find included in my park when I first 
enclosed my park,* the land which is between their land which 
they have outside of the park, and the boundaries of the land 
of Kirketoun ; and, on the other side, the land which is between 
Cambusbaron, tiie land of Peter of Stirling, and the land of 
Boger, son of Odo — as the high road leads to Cuiltedouenald, 
as Bichard de Moreville, constable, and Bobert Avenel, justiciaiy, 

* The King's Park at Stirling, a portion of table-land lying between the 
south-western edge of the castle rock and the hamlet of Cambusbarron, is 
still attached to the Crown, under care of the Commissioners of Woods and 
Forests. When, in 1264, *<a new park" at Stirling was to be laid out, 
allusion was made to "the old," being that doubtless which was con- 
structed at the instance of King William the Lyon.— Exchequer Rolls, 

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and Kalph the sheriff, and Peter of Stirling perambulated it : 
To hold in perpetual alms, as freely and peaceably as they hold 
their other alms. Witnesses — Richard de Morville, constable ; 
Robert Avenel, justiciar ; Alan, son of the Steward; Adam, son 
of Thomas; Roger de Valoniis ; Ralf, sheriff of Stirling ; Walter 
of Berkelay ; Richard the clerk. At Stirling."* 

Included in the schedule of documents found in the 
King's Treasury of Edinburgh, on St Michael's Day 
1282, by Thomas de Carnoto, Balph de Bosco, and 
William de Dumfries, is a bull of Pope Alexander IV. 
[1154-1261], granting indulgence to the King's Chapel.t 

In the account of Sir Robert Erskine, Sheriff of 
Stirling, rendered at Dundee on the 2d April 1359, 
appears a sum of fifty shillings as having been paid 
to the chaplain ofiiciating in the chapel of St Michael 
in the Castle of Stirling, his salary being five pounds 
a year, payable at the king's pleasure.^ 

Robert, Earl of Fife, High Chamberlain, in his 
account presented at Stirling on the 18th March 
1384, records a payment for two thousand large nails 
with pointed heads for the door of the chapel at 
Stirling Castle.§ 

During the regency of the Duke of Albany the chapel 

* In the Register of Dunfermline the various confirmations include the 
Chapel Eoyal of Stirling, with " all things thereto belonging" (pp. 57, 63, 
66, 81, 154, 157, 418). 

t Acta Pari Scot., i. 107, 108. 

{ Exchequer RoUs, i. 577. The Irish ecclesiastic, St Malachi or Michael, 
visited David I. ^ in quodam castello suo,'' and healed his son, the Prince 
Henry (Forbes's Kalendars of Scottish Saints, 398). In commemoration of 
tjiis event the name of the Irish saint may have suggested a dedication of 
the Chapel Royal alike to himself and to the chief of the apostles. 

§ Exchequer Rolls, iiL 676. 

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was partially rebuilt. For the work of renovation 
the chamberlain, John Stewart^ Earl of Buchan, 
presented at Perth, on the 12th June 1412, an account 
showing an expenditure of £22, 3s. 8d.^ 

In 1425 David Broun, canon of the King's Chapel, 
is named as one of the auditors of exchequer.! In 
the account of Alexander Guide and John Richardson, 
custumars of Stirling, rendered Slst May 1434, is 
included a payment of ten shillings for bread, wine, 
soap, and wax issued for the use of the chapeLt 

Under 1434 appears a payment of £7, 6s. 8d. as the 
salary of the chaplain officiating in the Chapel of 
Stirling Castle.§ 

In an account rendered to the exchequer on the 
21st June 1435, there is a payment of five shillings 
for bread, wine, soap, and wax for the Chapel of 
Stirling Castle, also for two vials for the use of 
the altar.jl 

Hitherto the King's Chapel, known also as St 
Michael's, was a very small structure, while, as we 
have seen, the humble chaplain, at first recompensed 
with five pounds a .year, was afterwards rewarded 
with a salary one-half beyond that sum. From the 
reign of James III. the institution became differently 

James III. succeeded to the throne in 1460 when 
a child of nine years. From his grandfather, James 

♦ Exchequer Rolls, iv. 164. f Ibid. iv. 379. 

X Ibid., iv. 566. § Ibid., iv. 592. || Ibid., iv. 605. 

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I., inheriting a love of music, he drew to his court at 
Stirling those who cherished the harmonic art. 0£ 
these the most notable was William Rogers, a doctor 
of music, who came to the^ Scottish court in the train 
of the English ambassador.* Rogers, it !s believed, 
was educated in the same school which produced 
Hamboys, a noted performer, and the author of a 
musical treatise usually but incorrectly attributed to 
Thomas of Tewkesbury.f 

With the royal household Rogers was connected 
prior to the 29th November 1469, when by a charter 
under the great seal he obtained the lands of Tra- 
quair, which, on the forfeiture of Lord Boyd, had 
reverted to the Crown. In the charter it is set forth 
that the lands were granted him for important ser- 
vice, while in the instrument of sasine he is described 
as scutifero meo familiari, that is, a squire of the 
royal household.]: If we suppose, as is probable, that 
he was connected with the court at least one year be- 
fore he received his lands, the king must have been in 
his seventeenth year when he elected him into favour. 
Doubtless the English musician would to the young 
and ardent sovereign expatiate on the interesting 
character of the richly endowed schools of music con- 
nected with the English cathedrals and principal 

'*' Ferrarins Continuation of BoethiuB, 1574, pp. 391, 392. 

t Hawkinfi* History of Music, 1776, ii. 345, 346; Bishop Tanner's 
Bibliotheca, Lond. 1748, p. 373. 

{ Traquair Papers, quoted by Dr William Chambers in his History of 
Peeblesshire, Edinb. 1864, p. 85. 

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churches. He would also set forth the munificence 
of Edward IV., in whose household were thirteen 
minstrels, who discoursed music to him at meals, and 
at such other seasons as they were specially com- 
manded to render service.* 

By such animating details T^ould be excited the 
enthusiasm of a prince supremely moved by one 
passion, and who, inexperienced in government, might 
readily conceive that what had been effected in the 
sister country could without difficulty be accomplished 
in his own. James determined that St Michael's 
Chapel should be rebuilt and constituted both as a 
royal chapel and a musical college. 

It was most probably when he was about to re- 
construct the chapel that James summoned to his 
court those artificers, of whom his patronage be- 
came attended with tragic events. The artificers 
included Bobert Cochrane, an architect; James 
Homyll, a robemaker; and Leonard, a worker in 
skins. John Ramsay, a youth of elegant accom- 
plishments, also obtained special favour. For the 
progress of events we are indebted to Lindsay of 
Pitscottie. After setting forth the discomfiture of 
Henry VI. by Edward IV., his successful rival, Lind- 
say remarks, that James III., ''being in good peace 
and rest the most part of that year, went to Stirling 
and remained there." The chronicler then details 
how James *' founded a college, which he named the 

♦ Hawkins' History of Music, ii. 290-202. 

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Chapel EoyaL" Now, Edward IV. took Henry VL 
prisoner on the 14th April 1471, and if Lindsay's 
narrative is correct, the Chapel Eoyal was constructed 
somewhat posterior to that date. Lindsay's relation 
is confirmed by entries in the treasurer's accounts. 
These accounts are extant only from 1473, but in 
that year, under " Expensis for the Chappell," occur 
the following items : 

** In the first, to Schire Johnne of Bende* to pay for a pres kist 
[press chest] to the chapell to keep the graith [equip- 
ments], ..... xvj"vj* 

Item, for the makin of thre albis, three amytis,f and a towale 
for the hie alter, ..... vj* 

Item, for mess bred for the hale yere, . xv' 

Item, for a pund of sens [incense], . . . iiij" 

Item, for jli of Birgis threde [Bruges thread] to mend the vesta- 

mentis, . . . . . . ij"vj* 

Item, for the mending of a caip, .... iij" 

Item, for the cariagis of the chapell grath on Sanct Margretes 
day fra the Abbay [Cambuskenneth] to the castell and to 
the Abbay, ...... xviij*^ 

Item, given to the King and the Qwene to ofiir in the castell 
on Sanct Margretis day a Franche croime and half a ross 
noble, extendand to . . . xxvij" yj'^." 

These items in connection with the Chapel Boyal 
are included in the treasurer's statement of 1474 : 

•* Item, gevin to Schire Johnne Story, collector for the chapell, 
for the hail oflferandis for this yere, . . . xx" 

* Sir John of Rende or Rhynd was of a Perthshire family. Will of 
Bynde is^ m 1473 and subsequently, named in the Treasurer's Accounts as 
supplying textile fabrics for the king's use. 

t The amyt or amice was an oblong portion, of linen, richly embroidered, 
worn on the neck at mass. 

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Item, to the King and Qwene to oflBr on Sanct Petris day, ilkane 
j croune, ...... xxiiij* 

Item, to the King and Qwene to offir vpone Sonday, the xiij day 
of Julij, ilkane j croune, .... xxiiij* 

Item, fra Sandris of Turing ixP Nouembris and deliuerit to 
Master Johne Patonsone, yj elne of brade clath for ij 
toveUis to the Kingis alter, price elne iij", . summa, xviij" 

Sum totale of thir expensis of the chapel, . xxx^ vij" vi^." 

The preceding entries refer to the Chapel Eoyal 
solely in its ecclesiastical relations. Of the king's 
intentions respecting it as a musical seminary we 
shall learn in the sequel. 

Prior to the reign of James I., our knowledge of 
Scottish music is extremely circumscribed. The bag- 
pipe belongs to the prehistoric period, as well as 
some other Scottish instruments in their simpler 
forms. Among the sculptured decorations of Mel- 
rose Abbey, founded in 1136, a piper is represented. 
To the pipers of David II., in 1362, was made a 
payment of forty shillings.* Especially cherishing 
the harmonic art, James I. excelled in music, both 
instrumental and vocal. In his poem, ''Peblis to 
the Play," he celebrates the bagpipe in these strains : 

" The bag pipe blew and they out-threw 
Out of the townis untauld, 
Lord ! sic ane schout was thame amang 
Quhen they were owre the wald. 

" With that Will Swain came sweitand out, 
Ane mickle miller man ; 
Gif I sail dance, have done, lat se 
Blaw up the bag-pipe than." 

♦ Exchequer Rolls, ii. 115. 

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James I., according to Buchanan,* played on all 
musical instruments, and qould in singing compete 
with the best vocalists of his age. Writing in 1646, 
Tassoni remarks that James composed music, but 
this assertion is not supported by any earlier autho- 

Sir Richard Holland, in " The Howlat,"t a poem 
composed in 1453, enumerates twenty-three instru- 
ments as existing in his time. We quote the pas- 

" All thus our lady thai lovit with lyking and lyst 
Menstralis and musicianis, mo than I mene may, 
The Psaltery, the Sytholis, the soft Sytharist, 
The Crovde, and the Monycordis, the Gittyrnis gay ; 
The Eote and the Recordour, the Ribupe, the Rist, 
The Trumpe and the Talburn, the Tympane but tray ; 
The Lilt Pype and the Lute, the Fydill in fist, 
The Dulset, the Dulsacordis, the Schalme of Assay i 
The amyable Organis vsit full oft; 
Claryonis lowde knellis, 
Portatiuis and Belhs, 
Cymbaclanis in the cellis 

That soundis so soft." 

The Psaltery was a one-sided instrument of trian- 
gular form, mounted with three rows of strings ; the 
Sitholis, so called from dstellay a small bone, was a 
sort of whistle; the Sitharist or Cither, an instrument 
of which the strings were twanged with a quill ; the 
Croude, a species of violin ; the Monycord, a one- 

'*' Bemm Scot. Hist., lib. x., sec. 57. 

-I- The Buke of the Howlat. 1823, edited by David Laing, Edinb. Stanza 

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Stringed instrument; the Gittem or Gy thorn, a species 
of guitar ; the Rote, a hurdy-gurdy ; the Bibupe or 
Bebeck, an instrument of three strings; the Bist, 
probably an instrument emitting music by percus- 
sion ; the Trumpe, the Jeurtrompe or Jew's harp ; the 
Becorder, a large flageolet ; the Talbum or Tabor, a 
small drum ; the Tympane, a large drum ; the Lilt- 
pipe, a shepherd's pipe or stock and horn ; the 
Lute, an instrument with originally eight strings; 
and the Fydell, a pear-shaped instrument, with four 
strings, resembling the modem violin. The Dulset 
and the Dulsacord were varieties of the Dulcimer or 
rudimentary Pianoforte. The Schalme was a species 
of hautbois. The Organ was then an instrument of 
ten or fourteen pipes. The Clarion was a trumpet ; 
and the Portative, a portable organ, afterwards 
known as the regals. The " Bellis Cymbaclanis " were a 
sort of tambourine, producing music by percussion. 

The Inter or lute-player of James III. wore a livery 
of green. In August 1473, " Heroun, clerk of the 
chapell," received at "the Kingis commando" eleven 
shillings " to his passage to the scolis," while in the 
following September a payment of five pounds was 
made to " Johnne Broune, lutare, at his passage our 
sey to lere his craft." Broune* was doubtless sent 
to Bruges, for in the subsequent December appears a 
payment for '' a barell of salmond that was send to a 
lutare to Bruges, at the Kingis command." In 1474 

* Treasurer's Accounts, i. 43-67. 

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the king's " litill lutare, the page," was also sent to 

These entries might imply that Bogers, who re- 
ceived the honour of knighthood, and, held rank as 
a courtier and landowner, was not expected to in- 
struct in the elements of music. He remained in 
constant attendance on the royal person. The result 
was such as, among an untutored people and in a 
turbulent age, might have been anticipated. The 
nobles and barons conspired against the stranger 
knight, and determined his overthrow. In 1478 he 
was forced to surrender the lands of Traquair at a 
nominal price. For seventy marks* — of which forty 
were to be paid ''at Martinmas next ensuing," and 
the remaining thirty eight days before Christmas — 
he surrendered his lands to James Stewart, Earl of 
Buchan, the king's uncle, executing in his favour, on 
the 19th September 1479, an instrument of sasine. 
Nor did this surrender satisfy either cupidity or 
revenge. In league against the musician, Buchan 
was joined by the king's two brothers, the Duke of 
Albany and the Earl of Mar. The latter was by the 
king thrown into prison, and ther.e died ; the former 
escaped to France, but afterwards joined Edward 
IV., when, in June 1482, he entered Scotland with 
an army. To resist the invasion, James, on the 22d 
July, assembled an army at Lauder; but mutiny 

* Chambers's Peeblesshire, pp. 85, 86. The lands of Traquaii now pro- 
duce a rental of about ^£6000. 

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supervened ; for he wag accompanied by Rogers, also 
by his favourites, Ramsay and Cochrane, of whom 
the last, having lately been created Earl of Mar, was 
on this account peculiarly obnoxious. Heedless of the 
enemy's approach, the Earl of Angus led a party, 
which seized the royal favourites, and hastening them 
to Lauder Bridge, there hanged Rogers and Cochrane 
from the parapet. On account of his youth and the 
king's entreaties, Ramsay's life was spared.* 

By nearly all the historians it has been alleged or 
assumed that in the Lauder massacre were included 
the whole of the king's artistic associates. It is 
certain that James Homyll, the robemaker, survived, 
since he is mentioned both in relation to a royal 
pension and otherwise, some years subsequently. The 
warrant for his pension may not inappropriately be 

" James, be the grace of God King of Scottis, to our Chawmer- 
lane of Striuelyneschire that now is and that sail happin to be 
for the tyme, greting : Wit ye that we, being at oure perfect 
aige, and eftir oure last General Sevocatioun, for the singular 
[favour] that we have to oure familiare sartein and workman for 
our persoun, James Homyll, we have gevin and assignit and be thir 
present lettres, gevis and assignis to him ane yerly pensioun of 
twenty pundis of usuale money of our realme, for all the dayis 
of his life, for his lele, treu, and thankfull seruice done and to 
be done til ws; to be pait to the said James furth of the maills 
and proffittis pertening til ws within Striuelyneschir be oure 
Ghawmerlane therof that now is and sail happin to be for the 
tyme, at tua usuale termes in the yer, T/itsunday and Mer- 

* Drammond of Hawthomden'e History of Scotland, Glasg. 1749, 
12n)0, p. 131. 

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times in winter, be evin porcioiies, but ony reuocatioun, im- 
pediment, or agaiQ calling of ws or oure successouris quhat- 
sumeuer, induring the lyftyme of the said James : Quharfor we 
ehaige stiaitly, and commandis you oure said Chawmerlane that 
now is and sail happin to be for the tyme, that ye yerly content 
and pay to the said James, at the termes forsaid, the said sume 
of tuenty pundis, as his fee for all the dayis of his life yerly, of 
our said profifitis and fermes of Striuelyneschir, nochtwithstand- 
ing our said late general revocatioun, vuder all the hiest pcdn 
and charge that eftir may folow : The quhilk soume of tuenty 
pundis we sail mak be allowit to you yerly in your comptis be 
the auditouris of our chekker, ye schawand thir oure letres anys 
before the saidis auditouris and registrat in Eollis, 

and bringing the said James acquittance and ressait of the said 
sonme yerly, to scheu for your warant: And thir our letres, 
being registrat, deliueris thame agane to the said James, to 
remane with him for all the dais of his lyfe, as said is : Gevin 
vnder oure priue sele, at Edinburgh, the tuenty day of Janvar, 
the yer of our Lorde a thousand four hundreth sevinty and 
sevin yens, and of our reynne the auchtene yere/' * 

Being involved in a charge of treason along with 
the Earl of Buchan^ Homyll had his goods confis- 
cated prior to the 10th July 1488. t 

Having slaughtered two of his associates, the dis- 
satisfied nobles conducted the king to Edinburgh, 
and there warded him in the castle. Marching to 
the capital, the English army would have aided in 
placing the Duke of Albany on the throne ; but the 
royal brothers becoming reconciled, the king's autho- 
rity was restored. 

Among those whom James received into his royal 

* Botoli Scaccarii Scotie, No. 280. 
t Acta Pari Scot, ii. 201 ; Treasurer's Accounts, i. Ixiii, 

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3cxii iNTRODtJCnOK. 

favour were William and Robert Schevez. These 
persons appear in 1473 as officers of the wardrobe,* 
but Eobert is not mentioned subsequently, and may 
have died young. "Master William Sevas" is, in 
the Treasurer's Accounts, frequently named. Ac- 
cording to Buchanan, he had studied medicine at 
Louvaine under a distinguished preceptor, but had 
reconunended himself to the Scottish sovereign ra- 
ther as an astrologer, t One of his early offices was 
that of physician to the court ; he was thereafter con- 
stituted an auditor of exchequer and archdeacon 
of St Andrews. J 

On the ground that he was ignorant of theology, 
William Schevez was by Archbishop Graham of St 
Andrews refused institution, a proceeding which in- 
volved the primate in grievous persecution. Schevez 
was elevated as coadjutor-bishop, and having at 
length accomplished Graham's deprivation, was about 
the year 1478 consecrated as his successor. 

On the assassination of Rogers and Cochrane, 
Archbishop Schevez became the king's principal 
adviser. Resolved on the endowment of the Chapel 

♦ Treasurer's Accounts, i. 13, 18, 20. 

+ Rerum Scot. Hist, lib. xii., c. 37. In the library of the University of 
Edinburgh, a MS., bound in a thick folio volume, bears, after the eolophott, 
the signature Scheuez, to which is added in the same handwriting, Lib. 
ViUielmi SanctidnCbree Archiepi, The MS., a treatise on medicine, is dated 
1393, and is entitled, Geraldus de Solo svuper nono Almanvyris. It was pur- 
chased at the sale of Dr John Janiieson by Principal Lee, at whose death it 
was acquired by its present custodiers. 

X Treafiairer's Accounts, i. 21, 23, 75. 

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Kojral as a^musical school, James embraced what 
seemed a favourable opportunity for effecting his 
purpose. In the conduct of some of its members 
the priory of Coldingham had become a reproach ; 
it was also the victim of cupidity, for two powerful 
barons — Patrick and James Home — ^had usurped the 
revenues, and refused to restore them, in defiance 
of ecclesiastical censures. Utterly defenceless, the 
monks sought and obtained refuge in the priory of 
Lindisfame.^ Under the circumstances, James was 
persuaded by Schevez that annexation to the Chapel 
Royal of the revenues of Coldingham Priory would at 
<mce punish profligate churchmen, and restore to a 
proper use that which had been unjustly appropriated. 
The step was in 1485 approved by Parliament, and 
thereafter Schevez proceeded to obtain the Papal 
sanction. Innocent III. having acceded to the royal 
wish, Parliament in 1487 decreed that any attempt 
to oppose or disturb the act of annexation should 
be construed as treason, t This enactment was not 
mmecessary, for Patrick and James Home had 
abready determined to resist any attempt to dis- 
possess them of the priory revenues. They were 
warmly supported by the Hepbums, their opulent 
nmgfabours. Obtaining a further ally in the Earl 
of Angus, that powerful nobleman obtained to their 

♦ Raine's Priory of Coldinghani, Surtees Society, ix., x., xi. ; Hunter's 
History of the Priory,.1857, 68-71. 
t Acta Pari Scot., ii 171. 

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cause the adhesion of the Earl of Argyll, and the 
Lords Gray, Lyle, and Drummond ; also of many of 
the lesser barons. In the words of the Act by which 
they afterwards sought excuse, they renewed the old 
charge that the king *' counsellet and assistet to him 
in the inbringing of Englishmen to the perpetual 
subjection of the realm." Personally they sought 
the support of Henry VII.* The insurrection in 
favour of the Homes became general, while at Leith 
and the castle of Dunbar the insurgents obtained 
both ammunition and money. In the formidable 
combination contemplating the overthrow of his 
benefactor, Schevez abandoned the royal cause, and, 
joining the disaffected, bestowed upon them his epis- 
copal benediction. Under the persuasion of Schaw 
of Sauchie, governor of Stirling Castle, the Duke of 
Rothesay forsook his royal father, and consented to 
become the nominal leader of his opponents. Among 
his northern subjects James mustered a considerable 
army, and at their head met the rebels at Blackness. 
An amicable arrangement ensued, and the king, 
under the belief that his opponents were satisfied, 
disbanded his army. But the insurgents were still in 
the field, and when James with his armed attendants 
proceeded from Edinburgh to Stirling in June 1488, 
he found the castle closed against him. A body 
of rebels whom he found in the place he drove 
across Stirling Bridge, and, pursuing them to the 

♦ Kymer, Foedera, xii. 340. 

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house of Keir, three miles to the northward, set fire 
to that mansion. On the 11th June his followers 
encountered the main body of the insurgents at 
Sauchie, near Bannockbum. There he experienced 
defeat, and, in endeavouring to escape, fell from 
his horse. Severely stimned, he was borne into a 
peasant's hut, where, recognised by one of the enemy, 
he was cruelly slain.* 

Prior to his father's death, the Duke of Rothesay 
had assumed the government; when he became 
actual sovereign, he bestowed on his father's adver- 
saries high offices of state. Yet, if we believe 
Lindsay of Pitscottie, he was not satisfied that 
making war upon his father was an act wholly to 
be justified. Proceeds the chronicler : 

"The king remained a while in the castle of Stirling, and 
daily passed to the Chapel Eoyal, and heard matins and evening- 
song; in the which every day the chaplains prayed for the 
king's grace, deploring and lamenting the death of his father; 
which moved the king, in Stirling, to repentance, that he hap- 
pened to be counselled to come against his father in battle, 
where-through he was murdered and slain. To that effect he 
was moved to pass to the dean of the said Chapel Eoyal, and 
to have his counsel how he might be satisfied, in his own con- 
science, of the art and part of the cruel act which was done to 
his father. The dean, being a godly man, gave the king a good 
comfort ; and, seeing him in repentance, was very glad thereof. 
But yet this godly man durst not utter his mind unto the king, 
so far as his conscience served him ; because the king was young 
and youthful, and had no constancy to keep counsel or secret 
thought, albeit it was for his own profit. And also this godly 

* Treasurer's Accounts, i.. Preface, Ixvii., Ixviii. 

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mafi dreaded the lords, and them that were conspixatois of the 
king's dead, his father, thinking that these murderers would be 
discontent, and utterly displeased at him, if he had given the 
king his counsel, so far as his conscience dyted him. Therefore 
he continued the same till he saw the king farder in age, and 
other counsellors about him. In the meantime he gave him 
fair words, and put him in good hope of forgiveness thereof, by 
God's mercy in Jesus Christ." * 

That James IV. provided for the due continuance 
of divine service in the Chapel Eoyal is evidenced in 
the Treasurer's Accounts by the following entries : 

" 1488. To the clerkis of the chapell for thair service at Ywle, 
at the kingis commande, . . xxx^ li 

1489. To the clerkis of the kingis chapell, at the kingis com- 

mande, ..... xx** li. 

To the clerkis of the chapell for Ywle, . . xxx" li. 

To the clerkis of the chapell that wer in Lythgow quhen 
the Imbassatouris was thare, at the kingis com- 
mande, ..... xxx** li. 

1490. On Sonday the ij® Janvar, to the clerkis of the chapell 

for thair service at Ywle, . . xv li." 

When the king moved from one residence to 
another, there were borne along with him by his 
attendants a cupboard of plate, a wardrobe of vest- 
ments, and a box containing the chapel gear. In 
reference to the last, the Treasurer's Accounts of 
1484-89 contain the following entries : 

" For the carying of the chapell grayth jfra Edinburgh to Lythgow 

before Ywle, and agane to Edinburgh efber Ywle, xx*. 

To Schir Johne of Eind, for iiij hors to Striuelin with the 

* Linduay of Pitscottie's History of Scotland, Edinb. 1728, fol., p. 93. 

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chapel gere and himself, and fra Striuelin to Edinburgh 
agane, . . . . . . xxxij s. 

For weaching of the chapel gere, and for a Mst to turs it 
in, . . . . . . iiij 8. 

To iiij hors to turs the sammyne graith [convey the same equip- 
ments] to Edinburgh, . . . xx». 

To Schir Johne Eynde for the carying of the chapell graytht to 
Lythgow, ..... xviij»vi<i." 

Under the year 1494, the Treasurer's Accounts 
exhibit the following charges in connection with the 
chapel furniture : 

•*Expens made apoune the kingis chapell — 
Item, in the first, gevin to the Lard [Laird] of Lundy,* to mak 

tua towaUis to the altar of Striuiling, and to mak ane new 

alb to the sammjme, xvj ellis of braid clath, price of the 

ell iij*., summa, ..... xlviij*. 
Item, for the mending of the sepulture [niche in chancel], the 

chapell dure [door], and Judas crois,t . . iij". 

Item, for a lok, stapill, and nalis, . . ij*. 

Item, bocht j*^ estland burdis [Dantzic wainscot] for the silour- 

ing [ceiling] of the chapell in Striueling, price . x**. 

Item, gevin to the browdstar [embroiderer] to mend the vest- 

imentis of the Kingis chapell, be command of the King, 

xviij pimis of gold, bocht fra James of Turing, price ix". 
Item, to the sammyne, xj vnce of silk, price of the ynce iiij s., 

summa, ...... xliiij s. 

Item, to the sammyne, zvij ellis of bukerame, price of the ell 

iij s., summa, . . . . . Ij s. 

Item, to the sammyne, iiij vnce of rubannis, price of the vnce 

vj 8., summa, ..... xxiiij s. 

♦ Sir John Limdy of that ilk was governor of Stirling Castle. 

f The Paschal Candlestick, usually of brass, had seven branches, from 
the seventh or middle one of which a tall piece of wood, painted like a 
candle, and called the Judas of the Paschal, rose nearly to the roof, on the 
top of which was placed at Eastertide the Paschal candle of wax. 

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Item, to the sammyne, a half pund of raw silk, price xxvj s. viij d 

Item, to the browstar himself, for three termes fee, at the Kingis 

command, xx}\ summa, . . xl li xviij s. viij d." 

In the love and practice of music James IV. did 
not yield to his royal sire. On succeeding to the 
throne, he continued to support such musical per- 
formers as had already been employed at court. 
Jacob, an accomplished Inter — ^probably one of Sir 
William Rogers' pupils* — is, in the Treasurer's 
Accounts, named as receiving his reward in 1489 
and subsequent years. Owing to his improvidence 
Jacob in 1500 pledged his lute, when he received, by 
the king's order, a portion of money to "louse" or 
redeem it. While ordinary lute-players received a 
quarterly allowance of fourteen shillings, Jacob had 
a salary of double that amount. In 1496 '^ Luhdoris 
the lutare" and " John Wardlaw the lutare" are named 
in connection with the household. During the pre- 
vious reign harpers are unnamed ; but in May 1490, 
an ersche (Irish) harper had, at the king's command, 
a recompense of eighteen shillings. In 1496 and 
1497 James Mylsone the harper. Pate the harper, and 
Fowlis the harper, and the "harper with a [one] 
hand," received rewards. In 1502 five harpers are 

Performers on the clarsha, a kind of harp used 

* Writing in 1629, Ferrarius, the continnator of Boethius, remarks that 
he had met with seveial persons who boasted that Sir William Rogers had 
instructed them (Boethius* History, 1574, pp. 391, 392). 

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chiefly in the Highlands, and strung with brass wire 
instead of catgut, were also entertained at court. In 
the Treasurer's Accounts, Martyn, otherwise Martyn 
M'Bretne, clareschaw, is named in 1490 and 1492. 
In 1505 there are payments to Alexander, harper. 
Pate, harper-clarsha, and his son the Ersch clarsha, 
"ilk man ix'." In the same year, Makbuty the 
clarsha received from the king five French crowns to 
defray his travelling expenses to the Isles. 

Among the household minstrels were Nicholas 
Gray, and one Jame, who played on the dron — that 
is, the bagpipe. English pipers came to the castle 
gate at Edinburgh in 1489, and there played before 
the king ; these, in August 1491, were rewarded at 
Linlithgow with seven unicorns.* 

A performer on the viol, a three or four stringed 
instrument, was designated a fithelar or fiddler. 
These fithelars were employed at court in 1489. In 
1497 are named " the brokin-bakkit fithelar in Sanct 
Androus," and " ane fidelar that playit to the king 
at Durrisdeer; also '*ane fidelar in Dunbar," and 
'* Widderspune, the foulare, that tald tales and 
brocht foulis to the king." 

The monycord was constantly borne with the king 
in his state progresses. In April 1497, John Hert 
received nine shillings for "bering a pare of moni- 

* A gold coin struck in the reign of James Til., and exhibiting a unicorn 
supporting a shield with the royal arms. Its value was eighteen shillings 
Sottish money. 

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Google — 


cordis of the kingis fra Abirdene to Strivelin," and 
in the same year nine shillings were paid for *' tursing 
of the kingis organis betuix Strivelin and Edin- 
burgh." John Goldsmyth, in Inverness, was, in 
1502, indemnified in seven shillings and eightpence — 
his advances ''for ane cais to turs the organis in, 
vij' and viii^" while "to ij childer that bure the 
organis and their bellysis ouir the Month and again" 
were paid xxviii^ 

Payments to vocal performers were not uncom- 
mon. In 1489 *' Cunnynghame the singar" received 
a demy — ^that is, a French gold coin of fourteen 
shillings value ; and in the same year Wilzeam, 
sangster of Linlithgow, had ten pounds for '' a sange 
bwke he brocht to the king be a precep." In April 
1490, Henry the minstrel, known as the metrical 
chronicler of Sir William Wallace, is, under the 
designation of "Blind Harry," recompensed with 
" eighteen shillings." " Tua women that sang to the 
king," in June 1496, had a fee of thirteen shillings ; 
and minstrels " that playit Mons [the famous cannon 
Mons Meg] doun the gate," received (April 1497) 
eighteen shillings. In the same month ''tua fithe- 
laris that sang Graysteil to the king " had a gratuity 
of nine shillings. 

Not forgetful of his father's desire for the esta- 
blishment of a musical college, James IV. at length 
took steps towards this object. Having in 1501 
opened negotiations with the court of Rome, pro- 

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ceedings ensued, which are detailed in the Registm\ 
In instrument No. L it is set forth how that 

"James Abercromby, abbot of Scone,* and David Amot, 
archdean of Lothian,-)- judges and executors for the church of 
St Andrews in the matters underwritten, along with a colleague 
specially deputed by the Apostolic See, had received a letter of 
Pope Alexander the Sixth, \ by the king's hands. From that 
letter it appeared that the Pope had got a petition from the 
king, representing that, in the Chapel Eoyal of the blessed 
Mary and St Michael, within the palace of the castle of Stirling, 
in the diocese of St Andrews, one dean, and several others, 
chanters, chaplains, and clerks, daily celebrated mass, and dis- 
charged other important functions; that the king had caused 
the chapel to be renovated, and adorned it with books, cups, 
and other ornaments. The king, it had also been set forth, had 
assigned some of his own immovable property, with a view to 
the chapel being erected and endowed as a collegiate church, 
with a common chest, seal, chapter, and other insignia. There- 
upon the king had desired that the provost of the church of St 
Maiy of the Eock, § at St Andrews, and in his royal patronage, 
should be erected into the deanery of the said church, and that 
the provost of the church of St Mary should be dean of the 
collegiate church, preside over the other persons therein, and 
have the cure of the souls of the king and his household; 

* This eGclesiastic was prohably a scion of Abercromby of that ilk. 
There was 411 abbot James of Scone in January 1493 ; also in 1516 (Gor- 
don's Monasticon, Glasg. 1868, i. 35). 

t Son of John Amot of that ilk, by his vrife Katherine, daughter of 
Melville of Cambee. Subsequently provost of Bothwell, he was chosen 
abbot of Cambuskenneth in 1503, an office he retained till 1509, when he 
waa preferred to the bishopric of Galloway. He died in 1526 (Keith's 
Scottish Bishops, Edinb. 1824, 277, 278). 

X The infamous Boderic Borgia, who, under the title of Alexander VI., 
was Pope from 1492 till 1503. 

§ Kirkheugh Church, at St Andrews, has long disappeared ; but the 
foundations, on a promontory near the present harbour, have been exca- 
vated. Tlie church was designated " capella domini regni Scotorum." 

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and who, while residing in the church of St Mary, should be 
provost, and while in the church to be erected should be 
dean, so that there should not be two dignities, but one only, 
liaving the pre-eminence in both churches. There should 
also be a subdean to act in the dean's absence ; a sacristan to 
have charge of the jewels and other ornaments; also sixteen 
canons, and as many prebends skilled in song, with six boy 
clerics, competently trained in song, or fit to be instructed 
therein. These should, it was desired, perform divine worship 
both day and night, and should not be bound to observe any 
other mode of worship, unless the king so determined. And 
whereas two canons only had been wont to reside in the 
Augustinian priory of Rostnot [Eoseneath], albeit its revenues 
were worth one hundred and twenty pounds sterling yearly, 
and were sufficient for the support of six, and even more, canons 
of the order; and that, in the church of Dunbar, the canons 
generally served by substitutes, it was by the king desired that 
a suitable portion should be reserved from the revenues of the 
priory for six canons, of whom the existing prior should be one, 
and that the residue be applied to the deanery and other offices 
of the collegiate church ; and that the canonries and prebends 
of Dunbar, and other benefices with and without cure in the 
city or diocese of St Andrews, or wherever they are in the 
patronage of the king or of other laics, yielding revenues to the 
value of £2000 Scots, being £500 sterling or thereby in the 
year, should be united to the collegiate church, a suitable por- 
tion being reserved for the perpetual vicars. Of the residue of 
the revenues of these benefices, it was desired that a proportion 
should be distributed among the dean, subdean, and other 
officers of the collegiate church. By these means, it was set 
forth that divine worship would be increased in the chapel. 
The king further offered to assign, as endowment to the colle- 
giate church, other patrimonial goods of the yearly value of 
£500 Scots. In consideration of the royal request, and on the 
full understanding that the promised endowments would be 
forthcoming, the Pope, commending the king's pious and laud- 
able purpose, commanded the erection of the Chapel Eoyal into 

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a collegiate church, reserving to the king the right of presenta- 
tion of suitable persons to the offices of subdean, sacristan, canons, 
and prebends, and also the right of instituting and degrading 
the said six boys. The Pope further exempted the collegiate 
church and its officers from visitation, correction, jurisdiction, 
lordship, and power of the Archbishop of St Andrews, and of 
others his ordinaries whomsoever, and his officers and vicars ; 
subjecting the church, its subdean, and other officers to the 
jurisdiction of the dean, and the dean to the immediate pro- 
tection of the Apostolic See ; and granting all privileges enjoyed 
by other collegiate churches in Scotland. The Pope likewise 
empowered the dean to absolve the king and queen, and their 
children, in cases reserved to the Apostolic See, except for 
crimes against ecclesiastical liberty, heresy, and rebellion or 
conspiracy, against the person or state of the Eoman Pontiff or 
Apostolic See, or other crimes of a like nature." 

This Papal rescript was dated at St Peter's, Rome, 
on the 2d May 1501, in the ninth year of Alexander's 
pontificate: — On the receipt of these letters the 
judges made examination, and foimd that the king, 
besides the endowments specified in his memorial, 
had assigned to the collegiate church possessions of 
the value of £500 Scots yearly, viz., £93, 6s. 8d. from 
the lands of Castellaw, in the county of Edinburgh ; 
£94, 13s. 4d. from Strathbraan, Glenshee, and Aucht- 
nabaid, in the county of Perth ; and £312 from 
Kyntore and Lochaber, in the counties of Elgin and 
Forres : Whereupon, at the king's request, James, 
Abbot of Scone, and David, Archdeacon of Lothian, 
erected the chapel into a collegiate church, with com- 
mon coffer, seal, chapter, and other coUegial insignia, 
and the said provostry of St Mary of the Eock of St 

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Andrews into a deanery, and applied and assigned the 
residue of the revenue of the priory of Rostnot (Rose- 
neath) to the dean and others, after deducting 400 
marks Scots for the six canons of St Ai^stine, 
who should do the service of the priory. They 
further united the canonries and prebepds of 
Spot, Belton, and Dunse, the archpresbytery and 
rectorship of Dunbar, Ayr and its chapel, Dalmel- 
lington, CrieflF, Kyncardine with its annexed chapels. 
Petty Bracklyn, Duchell, and the parish churches 
of Kyrkandrews, Balmaclellan, Kells, Forest, Glen- 
holm, Buitt, Ellem, and Cranschaws, all of which 
are in the patronage of the king, and their revenues 
do not amount to the sum of £2000 Scots yearly, 
distributing the possessions thus : — 500 marks to 
the dean, 240 marks to the subdean, to one canon 
£100, to seven canons 100 marks each, to the other 
eight canons £20 each, with suitable daily distribu^ 
tions, to the six boys 90 marks, and reserving from 
the fruits of the curates of the united benefices a suit- 
able portion for the perpetual vicars, from Kyrkan- 
drews 24 marks, with residence to each parish chuarch. 
Besides, they assigned a portion from the provents of 
the canonries and prebends of Pyncarton, first as the 
presbyters or their removeable clerks who have served 
in these four canonries or prebends have been accus- 
tomed to receive ; also to each of these four, one 
mark Scots for the presbyters or clerks who nwiy 
serve in the churches or benefices without cure; 

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imparting to the king the power of publishing statutes 
for the direction of the church, and to the dean 
the right of presenting persons to the subdeanery ; 
granting to the dean, or in his absence to the subdean, 
the oblations and casual revenues. Th^ instrument 
was subscribed by notaries public, and sealed with the 
seals of the judges and with the great seal. The pre- 
sentation of the Papal Mandate was made by the 
king to the judges at the Palace of Falkland on the 
1st September, and the other acts of erection and 
publication at the castle of Stirling on the 6th 
September 1501, in presence of Andrew,* Abbot of 
Lindores, and other witnesses. 

In the Register next in chronological order is a 
mandate by Pope Alexander VI., dated 19th March 
1501-2, addressed to the Abbot of Holyrood and the 
Archdeacon of Lothian, whereby, in accordance with 
the bull of Paul II., he empowers these delegates to 
take account of the possessions and goods assigned 
by the king to his Chapel Royal, as set forth in the 
royal petitions. Among these are named the rents of 
Kyntore and Lochaber to the annual value of £70 
sterling ; also other churches in the king's patronage 
which should yield a revenue of £80 sterling. Should 
they find the proposed exchange and union to be to 
the evident advantage of the collegiate church, they 

* Andrew Cayeria, Abbot of Lindores, was appointed Master of Work, 
at Stirling, 26th January 1496-7, receiving on his entry a payment of 
jC106, 138. 4d. (Lindores Abbey, by Alexander Laing, LL.D., Edinb. 1876, 
4to, 528). 

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were to give licence to the dean and chapter to receive 
other immovable goods, if the king should desire to 
assign such, in place of the foresaid possessions and 
goods, or to unite other churches to the value of £80 
yearly, with the king's assent; providing also that 
through this union the several churches should not 
be deprived of their obsequies, or the cure of souls 
be neglected. 

No. 11. of the Register is a rescript of Pope Alex- 
ander, dated 16th April 1502, in which the erection of 
th^ Chapel Royal as a collegiate church is confirmed, 
it being provided that the cantor should have pre- 
cedence of the sacristan, and enjoy a stipend of £100 
Scots. By a further rescript of the same date (No. 10), 
it is set forth that the revenues of the church of Ayr, 
in the diocese of Glasgow, were of the value of £80 
yearly ; of Kincardyne, in the diocese of Aberdeen, 
£100; of CrieflF, in the diocese of Dunkeld, £50; 
and of Petty Bracklyn and Duchell, in the diocese of 
Moray, £40 each; and that these were reserved for 
the new canonries and prebends, £50 for Glasgow, 
£50 for Aberdeen, and 30 marks Scots for each of 
those of Dunkeld and Moray, the residue to be ap- 
plied to the collegiate church. 

No. III. is a letter of conservation, dated St Peter's, 
16th April 1502 ; it is addressed to the abbots of Holy- 
rood, Cambuskenneth, and Paisley, on behalf of the 
dean and others serving theChapelRoy|Ll. In the letter 
it is set forth that whereas the dean and subdean 

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had shown that archbishops and other ecclesiastics, 
also members of the laity, might detain their goods 
and other possessions, or abet those who detained 
them, or might inflict injuries on them, and that it 
would be difficult to have recourse to the Apostolic 
See in every quarrel ; therefore the Pope conmianded 
the abbots, or two or one of them, personally or by 
others — even should they be without the district in 
which the abbots are deputed conservators and 
judges — not to permit the petitioners in any of their 
rights to be molested, but with the Papal authority 
to exercise ecclesiastical censure, and invoke the 
secular arm if need be, so that they may not be sum- 
moned to trial out of the place of their church under 
pretext of any other conservatories, but may be held 
to answer in* presence of the said abbots or their 
deputies. Moreover, if the places for citation of 
molesters be not safe, the judges are to affix citations 
where it is likely they may come to the notice of those 
cited, notwithstanding the constitution of Pope Bene- 
dict VI. and other Popes as to judges, delegates, and 
conservators, not to be summoned to judgment, or in 
other edicts which might interfere with the jurisdic- 
tion of the abbots in this matter, and notwithstanding 
any privileges granted to churches, monasteries, and 
orders, even the Cluniac and Cistercian. Further, the 
Pope decreed that none of the conservators might be 
hindered by any canonical impediment in the prose- 
cution of any thing, even should another have com- 
manded it 

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A Papal mandate, dated 16th April 1502, and ad* 
dressed to the abbots of Cambuskenneth and Paisley 
and to the archdeacon of St Andrews, sets forth that 
to the Chapel Royal had been appropriated the resi- 
due fruits of the churches of Ayr, Kincardine, and 
CrieflF; also of Petty Bracklyn and Duchal. In this 
mandate the delegates are enjoined to publish the 
Papal letters when and as frequently as might be 
needful. They are instructed to aid the dean and 
other members of the collegiate church in enjoying 
quiet possession of their goods, and in the execution 
of their duties are to inflict such ecclesiastical cen- 
sures as should be needful. In the event of the bishops 
of Glasgow, Aberdeen, Dunkeld, or Moray interfer- 
ing with the chapel or its officers, they are to invoke 
the secular arm. 

On the 13th March 1503, the endowments were 
confirmed by Parliament in an act of the following 

" The quhilk day our sourane lord with autorite of Parliament 
ratifiis and apprevia the fundatione to infeftmentis maid to the 
college of Striuiling callit his Chapell Riale baith of Kirkis Pre- 
bendis Chanonrijs and landisand the vnionis of the samyne efter 
the forme of the fundacione writtis and euidentis maid theruppon 
notwithstanding ony anexationis or vnione maid of the saidis 
landis prebendis or kirkis of befor."* 

The first dean of the collegiate church was James 
Allardyce, Provost of Kirkheugh, formerly a member 

* Acta Pari Scot, ii. 240. 

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nrrRODUcnoN. xxxix 

of the royal household. AUardyce died soon after 
entering upon office, when, on the king's request, the 
connection between the church at St Andrews and 
the Chapel Royal was dissolved. One of the king's 
early associates was Sir David Beaton of Balfour, who 
had become Treasurer of the kingdom. His younger 
brother James was a churchman, and under royal 
favour his promotion became easy. He was precentor 
of Caithness* in the cathedral church of Dornoch in 
October 1497, and from this office he advanced step 
by step till he became Archbishop of St Andrews. 
His nephew, David Beaton, was the celebrated car- 
dinal In the Register of the Chapel Royal, one of 
James Beaton's preferments, hitherto unknown to 
historians, has been recorded. On the 4th January 
1603, he is described as Rector of Kirkinner, in Wig- 
townshire, in which capacity he assented to his bene- 
fice being transferred from the Priory of Whithorn to 
the Chapel Royal The instrument of transfer. No. 
IV. of the Register, proceeds thus : — " George, Bishop 
of Whithorn, consequent on a petition by the prior 
and chapter of the church at Whithorn, representing 
that the parish church of Kyrkynnere, belonging to 
them would, if united to the collegiate church of 
Stirling, be of no little advantage to its dean and 
chapter, especially as the king granted to the prior 
and chapter of Whithorn the church of Kyrkandris, 
and on the supplication in the said petition to the 

* Bannatyne Club Miscellany, ii 162. 

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bishop to give his consent to the king's donation, and 
to annex the church of Kyrkynner to the said col- 
legiate church, the bishop cited Mr James Betoune, 
rector of Kyrkynnere, and all others interested, to 
appear at Whithorn to show cause, if any, why the 
union should not take place ; whereupon the bishop, 
sitting as judge, the prior and chapter, and Mr David 
Abyrcrumby, subdean of Dunkeld, as procurator 
for Mr James Betoune, rector of Kyrkynnere, ap- 
peared, and asked the bishop's consent to the annexa- 
tion; and the bishop having inspected the king's 
charter, granted the foresaid church of Kyrkynnere 
to the collegiate church of Stirling, conferring on the 
prior and chapter of Whithorn the right to take pos- 
session of the church of Kyrkandris ; providing also 
that the said churches be not defrauded of the due 
obsequies, and the cure of souls in them be noways 
neglected ; and for the removal of all doubt the royal 
charter is incorporated in full" This instrument is 
dated at Edinburgh, 8th December 1503, and is sub- 
scribed and sealed by the bishop and by the chapter 
4th January 1503-4, and attested by notaries public. 

No. VI. of the Register is a notarial instrument, 
attesting that on the 9th December 1503, Mr James 
Betoune, rector of Kyrkynnere, asserted that the 
patronage of that church belonged to the prior and 
convent of Whithorn, and constituted Masters David 
Abircrommye, subdean of Dunkeld,, Fergua Mak- 
dowel, official of Whithorn, James Akynheide, and 

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John Abircrommye, his procurators, to see and hear 
the annexation of the said church by George, Bishop 
of Whithorn, and in his name to give consent thereto. 
This instrument was, at Mr James Betoune's request, 
taken in the church of St Giles, Edinburgh. 

No. VII. is a notarial instrument by Mr David Abir- 
crummy, subdean of Dunkeld, as procurator for Mr 
James Betoune, into the hand of Thomas Kyrkaldy, 
notary public, of the resignation of the church of Kyrk- 
ynnere ; taken in the lodging of Alexander Living- 
stoune, in the burgh of Stirling, on the 12th January 

The next instrument. No. VIII. , is a mandate by 
Pope Julius II., whereby, in terms of the king's peti- 
tion, desiring the appointment of a treasurer as the 
fourth dignitary of the church, next to the cantor, 
with ten canons and a like number of prebendaries, 
together with similar portions to the other sixteen 
prebendaries, the Pope commands the abbots of Dun- 
fermline, Scone, and Cambuskenneth to institute 
these offices accordingly, and which were to be in the 
patronage of the king. The mandate is dated at St 
Peter's, Eome, the 4th June 1504. 

No. IX. is a confirmation by Pope Julius II., 
whereby, on the petition of the king and the dean and 
chapter of the church of the Blessed Mary and St 
Michael, at Stirling, narrating the grant by the king 
of the church of Kyrkandris to the prior and chapter 
of Whithorn, and the annexation of the church of 

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Kyrkynnere to the church at Stirling, and the posses- 
sion thereof by the said church on the demission of 
James Betoune^ the rector, and that the said peti- 
tioners stated that the revenues of the church of Kyrk- 
ynner did not exceed £80 sterling ; he approves and 
confirms the annexation of the church of Kyrkynner : 
It is dated at Rome, 4th June 1504. 

To make room for Beaton's promotion as Prior of 
Whithorn, and to prepare for his further advance- 
ment, James IV. petitioned the Pope to revoke the 
act whereby the collegiate church was united with 
the Provostry of Kirkheugh. Accordingly Pope 
Julius II., by rescript dated 3d July 1504 (No. XV.), 
restricted the Provost of Kirkheugh to his former func- 
tion, and conferred the office of dean on the bishop 
of Whithorn. By the same instrument, subsequently 
confirmed (No. XVII.), the Pope united to the 
deanery the bishopric of Whithorn, which was after- 
wards styled the bishopric of Galloway. George 
Vans, Prior of Whithorn, was appointed to the con- 
joined office, while Beaton attained the place of prior. 
The union of the Chapel Royal with the see of Gal- 
loway would have subjected the royal family to epis- 
copal jurisdiction, but this contingency was averted 
by a Papal rescript. No. XIV. of the series. In that 
rescript, dated 3d July 1504, Julius exempts the mem- 
bers of the king's household from the jurisdiction 
of bishops, archbishops, and other ordinaries. He 
further provides that the abbots of Dunfermline and 

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Cambuskenneth and the Provost of the church of 
Fesulan,* should uphold the cause of the exempted. 

No. V. is a Papal rescript of the 4th June 1504, in 
which the canonries and prebends of Dunbar, Bal- 
maclellan, the Forest, Buyth, and Ellam (EUem), 
also the prebend of Crieflf, are annexed to the colle- 
giate church. 

In 1508 Beaton was appointed bishop of Whithorn 
and dean of the Chapel Koyal. A mandate of Pope 
Julius (No. XVI.), dated 8th September 1508, and ad- 
dressed to the Archbishop of Siponto,t and the abbots 
of Cambuskenneth and Lindores, incorporates a bull 
providing that the bishop-elect should exercise ordi- 
nary rights over the churches united to the Chapel 
Boyal, such as the rectors of these churches might 
have exercised had those churches not been united 
with that institution. The rectors were charged 

* At Faslaoe, anciently Faasalane, at the head of the Qareloch, stood a 
smaU chapel, dedicated to St Michael, of which the ruin remains ; in the 
same vicinity were other three chapels. But the designation of " Provost 
of the church of Fesulan " was more likely to be applied to the chief of a 
monastery of canons regular, which, dedicated to the Virgin, is believed to 
have constituted the religious establishment at Roseneath. 

t Siponto is an archdiocese with one sufEragan in the Neapolitan territory 
of Italy ; the modem name is Manfredonia. In 1606-11, the Archbishop of 
Siponto was Antonio Maria dal Monte, an eminent jurist ; he was trans- 
lated to the see at Padua, and was afterwards a cardinal ; his nephew was 
Pope Julius III. He died in 1533 (UghelU IMia Sacra, tom i., 1106, 
yii., 859). How an Italian ecclesiastic should be introduced into a bull 
Telating to church arrangements in Scotland is not veiy obvious. As Pope 
Julius II. despatched from Rome a special legate with a sword of state to 
James lY. in 1507, the conjecture may be permitted that that legate was 
the Archbishop of Siponto, who may have remained in Scotland up to the 
date of Pope Julius's mandate of September 1508. 

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not to suflFer the elect of Whithorn and of the Chapel 
Eoyal to be molested against the tenor of these 

James Beaton held his conjunct office for one year 
only ; he was thereafter advanced to the archbishopric 
of Glasgow. His successor was David Amot, one 
of the commissioners in erecting the Collegiate 
Church, who in No. XVIII. of the Eegister is, in 
reference to a document subscribed by him dated on 
the 5th March 1511, described as '* David, bishop of 
Whithorn and of the Chapel Royal of Stirling.'' As 
"bishop of Candida Casa and of the Chapel Eoyal 
of Stirling," he appears as a witness on the 10th 
October 1515, and again on the 7th February 1523.* 

No. XIII. of the Register is an inventory of vest- 
ments, jewels, and books which belonged to the 
institution. Translated it reads thus : 

These are the ornaments, jewels, and volumes kept in the 
collegiate church of the Blessed Mary and Saint Michael of 
Stirling, on 4th November 1505, under care of a prudent man, 
Mr David Trail, sacristan. 

Of a Black Colour. 
First, a chasuble,f a stole, J a maniple § wfth fringe, an 

* Registrum Domus de Soltre, etc. ; Charters of Trinity College and other 
Collegiate Churches in Midlothian. Bannatyne Club, 1861, pp. 289, 331. 

t The chasuble was a mantle of colour and qtiality suited to the rank of 
the wearer, usually bordered with gold, 

J The stole, an embroidered scarf, was worn on the shoulders. 

§ A narrow scarf, fringed at each end, the maniple was held in the hand, 
or worn on the arm of the officiating priest. 

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alby* and an amicef of satin of black colour, having a fold of black 
buckram; and this chasuble has embroidery of black velvet: 
Item, three copes, J also of black velvet new and valuable, bear- 
ing the arms of our lord the King ; one of :virhich is sewed with 
threads of gold after the manner of glistering stars: Also a 
chasuble and two tunics of black velvety sewed with golden 
threads ; two stoles, three maniples with fringes for three albs 
and three amices of the same colour and texture : Also a pen- 
diculum§ of black velvet, sewed with golden threads in the 
manner of glistering stars, intended for the high altar, and which 
has a fold of blue buckram :|| Also one narrow and long cloth 
of black velvet, upon which are sewed with threads of gold these 
words — " His mercy is over, all His works f it has a fold of blue 
buckram: Also one cope of black damask, having the embroidery 
of velvet somewhat red : Likewise a chasuble of black damask, 
having embroidery of reddish velvet: Also a pendiculum of 
black damask for the high altar : Also a small and short old 
cope of silk, of black and red colour mixed, but rather more 
black than red: Also a chasuble, three stoles, three maniples 
with the fringe for three albs and three amices of black camelot,ir 
with fold of buckram of the same colour. This chasuble was a 
fringe of black damask with certain red lines. 

Of Blue Colour. 

First, two copes of blue or sky coloured damask, with golden 
threads sewed like the rays of the sun ; these are large and pre- 
cious, having their hoods and the embroidery of precious cloth 

* Made of fine linen, the alb was fitted closely to the body and worn with 
tight sleeves. 

t A linen garment in the fonn of an oblong square, the amice was ori- 
ginally worn as a hood ; it was latterly suspended from the shoulders. 

t A sleeveless garment which surrounded the body, the cope was fur- 
nished with a hood and by a clasp fastened across the breast. 

§ A small hanging. 

II True cotton stuff, considered precious. 

IT Camlet, a fabric originally composed of camel's hair, was afterward* 
made of silk. 

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Xlvi niTBaDUGTKMf. 

of gold, and they have a linen cloth for preserving them : Also 
a chasuble, two tunics,* one stole, three maniples, with the 
fringe for three albs and one amice of damask, of the same 
colour, quality, and texture with the two copes immediately 
before named. These two tunics have the embroidery of precious 
cloth of gold. With these tunics are kept one stole and the 
fringe for one amice of gold, very precious. 

Also one pendicule for the high altar, of blue damask sewed 
with golden threads like the rays of the sun, bearing a very 
beautiful salutation of Our Lady : Also one other pendicule for 
the high altar, of damask of the same colour and goodness with 
the pendicule immediately preceding, bearing a most excellent 
image of God the Father, and of Our Lady, and the images of 
certain angels. This pendicule has in it many pearls for its 
adornment; and these two pendicules have a linen cloth for 
their preservation : Also two smaller pendicules, of sky or blue 
coloured velvet, joined together with golden threads, one of them 
bearing an image of the Holy Trinity wrought in gold : Also 
one chasuble, two tunics, two stoles, three maniples, and with 
fringe, and three albs and three amices of velvet of blue colour, 
and having embroidery of cloth of gold : Also two pendicules 
for the high altar of blue taffety, one of which bears in the 
middle of it an image of the crucifix sewed with golden threads, 
and these two pendicules have a fold of white fustian. 

Of Red Colour. 

Two copes of precious cloth of gold, having hoods and em- 
broidery also of cloth of gold, of red colour. These have a linen 
cloth for their preservation, and are the best copes in the church, 
and of great price : Also two copes of cloth of gold and red 
velvet, having a linen cloth for keeping them : Also two copes 
of cloth of gold and velvet mixed, with embroidery of cloth of 
gold, and fringes of silk threads round about them, with linen 
cloth for keeping them: Also two copes, one chasuble, two 
tunics, one stole, one maniple with fringe for one alb and one 
amice of red satin, wrought with threads of gold like the 
* Linen dreeses, with tight sleeves, worn by the subdeacons. 

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branches of trees. These two copes have linen cloth for their 
preservation : Also one precious cloth of gold of red colour or- 
dained for the honour of the Eucharist when it is carried with- 
out the church, having a linen cloth for its preservation : Also 
four wooden staves of red colour for bearing aloft the said cloth 
upon the Eucharist : Also one small valuable frontlet of cloth 
of gold, and with golden threads hanging down, bearing the arms 
of the king and divers other arms, and certain images of saints, 
and which has upon it many pearls for its decoration: Also 
one cope of red velvet, with embroidery of black velvet : Also 
one cope of red satin cramasy, with embroidery of green damask : 
Also one chasuble of red satin cramasy, with fringe of green 
Batin: Also a silken casket of square form, red without and 
-white within, for keeping the communion cloths. Therein is 
included one cassock for the chalice, under a square figure of 
gold, sewed together, and richly wrought with many pearls : 
Also one new chasuble, one stole, one maniple with fringe for 
one alb and one amice of precious red cloth of gold, richly 
sewed and wrought, having a fold of blue satin. This chasuble 
has embroidery of cloth of gold sewed with golden threads, and 
is of great price : Also an old embroidery of cloth of gold suit- 
able for a cope : Also another old embroidery of cloth of gold, 
for a cope ; and these two embroidered cloths are of red colour : 
Also one old frontlet of silk of divers colours, bearing various 
arms wrought thereupon, and of moderate value. 

Of Whitish or Dun Colour. 

One chasuble, two tunics, two stoles, three maniples with 
fringe for three albs and three amices of damask of dun colour, 
having embroidery of cloth of gold : Also two old silk cloths, 
wrought with golden threads of dun colour : Also one small 
old silk cloth wrought with golden threads of dun colour : Also 
one old velvet cloth of dun colour, intended, as appears, for the 

Of Green Colour. 

One old chasuble, one stole, one maniple bearing the arms of 
the king and queen, which came from Dacia, of green damask, 

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and with fringe for one alb and one amice of the same colour 
and texture: Also one doth of verdour of divers colours, but 
chiefly green : Also two cloths of biird Alexander,* having a 
fold of linen cloth for covering both : Also one chasuble, with 
the arms of the king, two tunics, two stoles, three maniples with 
fringe for three albs and three amices of green damask : Also 
one chasuble bearing the king's arms, one stole, one maniple 
with fringe for one of green damask ; this chasuble has em- 
broidery of black velvet 

Of White Colour. 

Two copes of white cloth of gold, having linen cloth for their 
preservation. One cope of white damask, sewed with golden 
threads like the shining sun, and the embroidery of cloth of 

Two chasubles, two stoles, two maniples with fringe for two 
albs and two amices of white damask, these chasubles having 
embroidery of black velvet. One chasuble, two tunics, two 
stoles three maniples with fringe for three albs and three 
amices of white damask, having embroidery of cloth of gold, and 
fold of red buckram ; they are new and precious ; and the said 
tunics have silken cords hanging behind, and bearing the arms 
of the king before, and of the king and queen, daughter of the 
King of England, commingled behind. 

Of Pueple Colour. 

Two chasubles of purple velvet, with embroidery of cloth of 
gold, two stoles, two maniples, and with fringe for two albs and 
two amices of the same colour and texture. 

Also two brass candlesticks, somewhat laige; eight pewter 
pHIals ; one small bell hanging before the church door ; three 
large bells which came from the city of London, having been 
bought there by the king, founder of tiie church. One beautiful 
complete horecudium,f made by Sir James Pettygrew. Two 

♦ Striped silk cloth brought from Alexandria. 

t Or horetudium, suppoaed to be a striking clock or timepiece. 

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flacoots * of pewter, a pewter cross, gilt, bearing the image of the 
crucifix. Three small bells ; a wooden cross of red colour, hav- 
ing a long staff. A long stick for carrying the image of the 
crucifix without the eburch. Two large desks of wood, standing 
in the choir. Three pairs of organs,f of which one is of wood 
and the other two of pewter or lead. Three servicalia, J to be 
placed under the missals on the altar. A table with three leaves, 
whereon are depicted an image of Our Lady canying her Son 
in her arms, with two angels carrying musical instruments. A 
table on which is written " Pridie, etc.*' A large chest closed 
with two locks, for keeping the ornaments of the church. The 
Judas bells and the traitor, § for the work of darkness on the 
week of our Lord's passion. A. leather box, suitable for keeping 
the evidences of the church. Moreover, they have in painting 
many arms of the king and queen for celebrating ceremonies ; 
one having three leaves on which are painted, under glass, an 
image of the crucifix, and four saints also under glass on the 
sidea A tabula, || bearing the form of the countenance of our 
Saviour, is called the vemakill: Also a tabula, on which is 
painted an image of Our Lady : Also a casket of pewter for the 


A large casket of silver for canying the Eucharist; and a 
jewel of great weight and sumptuously wrought, and bearing on 

* A flask or flagon, a narrow-necked veasel used for holding sacramental 

t A laige organ was erected in Canterbury Cathedral so early as the 
twelfth century, and such were common in the abbey churches of England 
a century prior to the Beformation. The three pairs of organs of the Chapel 
Boyal were eyidently a species of regals intended to be carried about by the 

X Cushions. 

§ The Judas bells and an image of the traitor are not included in any 
other ecclesiastical inventory which has come under our notice. 

II The tabula was an instrament made of bone which the precentor held 
in his hand daring service ; it was occasionally ornamented with gold or 

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the top of it an image of the crucifix ; two silver vials gilt about 
the top ; three silver candlesticks of notable weight ; a censor 
with nave and spoon, of silver, for incense. The teistyr,* of 
silver gUt^ bearing the image of the crucifix, and of Our Lady, 
and John the Evangelist; it has also many gems of various 
colours set in it, and is a notable jewel One jewel of silver 
gilt has a belfry on the top of it, in which is placed a particle or 
portion of the wood of the holy cross ; and this jewel is adorned 
with many pearls, and there are inclosed therein, as is verily 
believed, many relics of the saints. One small jewel of silver 
gilt, having the image of the crucifix on the top, stretched some- 
what upward. A ring of pure gold having the likeness of the 
head of John the Baptist. Also four chalices and four pots of 
silver gilt, and of considerable weight. One small casket of 
silver gilt^ of a round form, for keeping the Eucharist. One 
large and precious jewel of pure gold, bearing the image of Our 
Lady carrying her Son dead upon her knees, and divers other 
images. This jewel has on its top an image of the crucifix, and 
is wrought with great skill ; it also bears many gems and divers 
pearls, and for preservation is enclosed in a leathern case. Three 
small candlesticks of silver gilt, bearing the arms of the King of 
England, were brought to Scotland with our queen, who is 
daughter of the King of England. 

Of the VOLUMES-t 

Two missals on paper, printed in letters. Two missals on 
parchment, printed. One old missal on parchment, written with 
the pen. Book of the Grospels written on parchment Book of 
the Epistles written on parchment Two old psalters written 
on parchment Four large music books written on parchment, 

* A small ornament with a canopy. 

t This inventory is dated 4th November 1505, being eighteen months 
before Walter Chepman, in 1507, under the special sanction of the Privy 
Council, introduced into Scotland the art of printing. Prior to the operation 
of Chepman's press Scottish monastic libraries consisted of breviaries^ 
missals and matin books, psalters, and copies of the Qospels and 

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having clivers capital letters gilt* Two large breviaries printed 
on parchment. One large breviary printed on paper, many of 
the leaves torn. Two volumes in parchment, with notes of 
counterpoint Two legends written on parchment, one of which 
concerns temporal things, the other relating to the saints. Ten 
processionals,')' written on parchment, and annotated. Three 
Gradalia, j: written on parchment, and the large gradale, written 
on parchment^ given to the king by the deceased abbot of St 
Colme. A large breviary, printed on paper. A small breviary, 
printed on paper. A volume called " Ordinary in usum Sarum," 
written on parchment A small missal printed on paper. The 
vail of the temple divided into two parts, for Quadragesima. 
Also seven small linen cloths, adorned with crosses, and ordained 
to cover the images of the saints in the time of Qiuidragesiina, etc. 

From Gavin Douglas's " Palice of Honour," com- 
posed prior to 1509, it vrould appear that the instru- 
ments of music then in use did not materially differ 
from those enumerated in the *' Howlat." , 

" In modulatioun hard I play and sing 
Faburdoun, priksang, discant, countering, 
Cant organe, figuratioun, and gemmell ; 
On croud, lute, harp, with mony gudlie spring ; 
Schalmes, clariounes, portatiues, hard I ring, 
Monycord, organe, tympane, and cymbell, 
SythoU, psalterie, and voices sweet as bell. § 

* These letters were, no doubt, illnminated by Sir Thomas Qalbraith, a 
priest descended from a powerful family in the Lennox, who, under James 
IV., was connected arlistically with the Chapel RoyaL In the Treasurer's 
Accounts " Schir Thomas Qalbrecht " is named, in 1491, along with '* Jok 
Goldsmyth and Craford" as receiving each three unicorns, "for the singyn 
of a ballad to the king in the momyng." Sir George Gidbraith, probably 
a brother of Sir Thomas, was Royal Master of Works at Dumbarton. 

t Books containing parts of the service relating to processions. 

X The Graduals were books containing portions of the service of the 

§ The Poetical Works of Gavin Douglas, edited by John Small, Edinb. 
1874, 8vo, i. 20. 

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Hi nrrBODucnoK. 

During the reign of James III. those musical per- 
formers who received royal gratuities were chiefly 
Flemings. But James IV. encouraged and recom- 
pensed minstrels from Italy, tabroners from France, 
and harpers, pipers, and trumpeters from England. 
On the 1st January 1507, there appears in the Trea- 
surer's Accounts a payment of ten pounds eleven 
shillings as made to sixty- three persons, who included 
^' menstralis, trumpetis, tambroneris, fithelaris, lutaris, 
harperis, clarscharis, and piparis." Italian min- 
strels were regarded with especial favour. In Sep- 
tember 1503, four Italian minstrels received six 
shillings to ^^fie [hire] thaime hors to Linlithgow^ 
and to red [clear] them of the toun." 

In August 1515, Bestians (Sebastian) Drummonth 
had a donative of ten pounds to aid his expenses in 
visiting his friends in Italy. 

Vocalists were also employed and recompensed. 
In August 1504, "tua Inglise women that sang in 
the king's pailzeoune [pavilion]" received twenty-three 
shillings. "The crukit [lame] vicar of Dumfriess, 
who sang to the king at Lochmaben," had, in Sep- 
tember 1506, a gratuity of fourteen shillings. The 
two following entries belong to the year 1508 : 

'Feb. 16. Item, to Wantonnes that the king fechit and gert 
her sing in the quenis chamer, . . . xiij s. 

Mar. 6. Item, to Wantones and her toa marrowes that sang 
with her, . . . . . . . xiij s." 

On the 12th September 1512, Nicholas Abemethy, 

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tile Hug's " sangster," received from the Treasurer a 
payment of twenty pounds.* 

In acquiring a knowledge of their art, young musi- 
cians were aided at the public expense. In the 
Treasurer's Accounts, under the 27th March 1512, is 
the following entry : 

••Item, to foure scolaris, menstrallis, be the kingis command, to 
by thame instrumentis in Flandris vij^ gret, answerand in 
Scottia money to xxi li. and help thair expensis and fraucht 
Lyja. And therefter, bec5aus thai plenyeit thai gat our litill 
expens and fraught deliverit uther Lvj, xxxvj IL xij s." 

To "the chanoun of Halyrudhous" (canon of Holy- 
rood) were paid in 1506 seven pounds for repairing 
"the organis in Strivelin.'' In 1511 "Gilleam," 
described as ''organist makar of the kingis," was 

** For expensis maid be him on the said organis in gait skynnis 
and parchment for the bellis [bellows], in nailles and sprentis 
of ime, in glew, papir, candill, colli, &c., viij**. iijs." 

In supporting and encouraging musical studies, 
James V,, who commenced his reign in 1513, was 
equally ardent as his royal predecessors. He per- 
formed on the lute. For lutes purchased for 
his use, William Galbraith received forty and fifty 
shillings, and for a lute procured for him in 1540, 
John Barbour was paid a like sum. 

In his Complaynt of the Papyngo, composed about 

♦ Treasurer's Accounts. 

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the year 1512, Sir David Lyndsay thus refers to Stir- 
ling and its Chapel Royal : 

Adieu, fair Snawdoun ! with thy touris hie, 
The Chapell Boyall, park, and tabyll rounde ! 

May, June, and July walde I dwell in thee, 
War I ane man to heir the birdis sounde, 

Quhilk doith agane thy royall roche redounda* 

Among the preferments of the celebrated John 
Mair or Major were the oflSces of canon and treasurer 
of the Chapel Royal. In the records of the Univer- 
sity of Glasgowf he in 1518 is described thus : 
Egregiu8 vir magister Johannes Major doctor Farisien- 
sis ac principalis regens coUegii etpedagogii dicte uni- 
versitatis canonicusque capelle regis ac vicartis de 
Durdop. In the same register he is in 1522 desig- 
nated Theologie professor, thesaurarius capelle regie 
Strivilingensis, etc. 

Quoting Richardintis {Exegesis in can. S. Atsgustini, 
fol. 87), Father Hay describes Alexander Paterson, 
sacristan of the Chapel Koyal, as joint-author with the 
abbot of Inchcolm of a work "For Singing the Mass.'' 
The words quoted by him are, Et iUim etiam venera- 
bilis viH Alexandri Pater sonen Sa^crarii Regalis Col- 
legii Stirlingen, Quae non minus devotionem accendunt 
quam honam delectationem"^ 

* Poetical Works of Sir David Lyndsay. Dr Laing's edit Edinb. 1871, 
12mo. If 86. 

t Ann. Univ. Qlasg. — Records, No. i. 

t Ane Account of the most renowned Churches, Bishopricks, Monastriefly 
and other Devote Places, from the first introducing of Christianity into Scot- 
land, etc. Written by Mr Bichard Augustine Hay, Cannon Regular of St 
Qenof 8 of Paris, Prior of St Pierremont, etc., 1700, tome I, p. 234. 

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In his " History of the Reformation," Knox refers 
to oppressive measures adopted against one of the 
masicians of the Chapel Royal, who had been sus- 
pected of heresy, We quote the Reformer's words : 
" Richart Carmichaell, yet leving in Fyfe, who being 
young, and ane singar in the Chapell Royal of Stri- 
veling, happened in his sleepe to say, ' The devill tak 
away the preastis, for thei ar a gready pack/ Hie, 
thairfor, accused be Sir George Clapperton, Deane of 
the said Chapell, was compelled tharefore to burne 
his bill." The date of Carmichael's prosecution is 
not given, but according to the chronological arrange- 
ment of Knox's work, it must have occurred between 
the years 1530 and 1536.* There was passed under 
the Privy Seal, 25th March 1539, '* ane letter maid to 
Richard Carmichaell, remittand to him his eschete 
gudis pertenying to our Soverane throw being of the 
said Richard abjurit of heresy." 

In annotating Knox's History, Dr David Laing has 
shown that Clapperton was subdean only. He first 
appears in the Treasurer's Accounts as "Maister 
Elimosinar to the Kingis grace;" he was afterwards 
Provost 6f Trinity College, near Edinburgh.t By an 
instrument, dated at Edinburgh, 22d March 1546-47, 
he was as subdean of the Chapel Royal of Stirling 
named as one of the judges delegated by letters of 
Antony, grand penitentiary of the Pope, in a process 

* Knox'a History of the Reformation. Dr Laing^s edit. Edinb. 1846,i.45. 
t Beg. Mag. Sig., yoL xiv. 

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ratifying the gift of lands to the abbey of Kilwinning.* 
Subsequent to the Reformation he continued, though 
John Duncanson acted as minister, to be styled sub- 
dean of the Chapel Royal, and received two-thirds of 
the benefice. As vicar he was, on the 14th Septem- 
ber 1562, granted a life-rent of the teinds of Kirkin- 
ner.t He died in April 1574, and in his testament, 
written at Stirling in his " awn dwelling-house " on 
the 5th of that month, he names Mr Robert Pont, 
Provost of Trinity College, to act as oversman and 
one of his assignees — ^a circumstance which, as Dr 
Laing remarks, would induce the belief that he had 
embraced the Reformed doctrines. J 

No. XVIII. of the Register continues the clerical 
history of the institution. In an instrument dated 
1st December 1537, Henry (Wemyss), *' bishop of 
Whithorn and of the Chapel Royal," along with the 
members of the Chapter, ordain 

'* Sir John Lambert, prebendary of the Chapel and scribe of the 
Begister, to inscribe in the books a notarial instrument, under 
the hand of J. Prymrols, taken in the Chapel Eoyal, near the 
town of Edinburgh, 5th March 1511, certifying that Sir John 
Broune, perpetual vicar pensioner of the parish church of Creyf, 
had compeared in the presence of Mr David Abbercrummy, 
principal official of Whithorn and of the Chapel Eoyal of Stirling, 
subdean of the said Chapel Eoyal, on the one part, and Sirs Wm, 
Sterheid and John Goldsmyth, canons of the Chapel Eoyal and 

* Eighth Report of Historical MS. Commissioners' Report. Part i., p. 
t Analecta Scotica, i. 2. 
X Register of Coufinned TestameBts, 21st Sept. 1574. 

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prebendaries of the same church, on the other part ; that in sup- 
port of his claim for the augmentation of his yearly pension as 
"being too meagre for his support, Sir John Broune produced 
two writings, one subscribed by James IV., dated at Edinburgh, 
26th September, the other subscribed by David, bishop of Whit- 
horn and of the Chapel Boyal of Stirling, and dated at Edin- 
burgby 5th March 1511, whereupon the said vicar demanded 
augmentation of his pension; and that on consideration the 
judge ordained that the said vicar should have yearly from the 
fruits of Creyf 24 marks Scots, and two acres of arable land 
adjoining the said church from the town of For (?), a garden, 
houses, pasture, and fuel, paying yearly to the bishop the pro- 
curations due and wont, synodal fees, and the ordinary expenses 
to the dean/' etc. 

Bishop Henry Wemyss is in certain chartularies 
designated "fratre regis " and " fratre naturali regis." 
He was an illegitimate son of James IV. by a daughter 
of the House of Wemyss.* He appears in March 
1540 as still holding office as bishop of Candida Casa 
and of the Chapel RoyaLt In his conjunct offices he 
was succeeded by Andrew Durie, abbot of Melrose, 
who died in 1558.1 

On the 8th January 1548-49 William Hamilton, 
archdeacon of the Chapel Royal, and official general 
of Glasgow, granted a decree for transuming the deed 
of foundation of the collegiate church of Glasgow.§ 

John Carswell, a pious and learned churchman, 
latterly Bishop of the Isles, was sometime prebend of 

* Roflsers Keith's Scottdsb Bishops. Edinb. 1824, p. 278. 
t liber CoL Nost. Dom. de Glasg., p. 222. 
t RussePs Keith's Scottish Bishops, p. 278. 
I Liber CoL Nost Dom. de Qlasg., p. 3. 

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the Chapel Royal. In the disbursements by Collec- 
tors of Thirds of Benefices, the sum of £26, 13s. 4d. 
appears to have been paid him as prebend.* Origi- 
nally a brother of the abbey of Icolmkill, Carswell 
was in 1558 appointed to the parishes of Southwick 
and Kingarth by Clapperton, subdean of the Chapel 
Royal. At the Reformation he embraced the Pro- 
testant doctrines, and was appointed Superintendent 
of Argyle ; he was in 1566 promoted as Bishop of the 
Isles. Bishop Carswell died in 1572 at an advanced 

James Paterson, sacristan of the Chapel Royal, and 
rector and vicar of Kirkinner and Kirkcowan, was 
probably a relative of Alexander Paterson, the former 
sacristan. In the charter-chest of the Earl of Selkirk 
at St Mary's IsleJ is preserved a charter by James 
Paterson, in which as sacristan of the Chapel Royal 
and rector of half the rectory and vicarage of Kirk- 
inner and Kirkcowan, he grants to Roger Gordon, 
son of the late William Gordon of Cracklaw, half of 
the two mark-lands of the kirklands of Kirkcowan and 
Kirkinner of old extent, with the manse, buildings, and 
garden, situated near the parish church of Elirkinner, 
upon the glebe thereof, — ^it being provided that the 
same shall be '^ prompta et parata ad recipiendum me 
et meos servitores quoties et quando mihi visum fuerit 

* Russers Keith's Scottdah Bishops, p. 307. 

t FastL EccL Scot iii, 11, 445, 447. 

X Fomth Beport of Historical MS. Com. Part i., p. 517. 

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ibidem, vel in lye cldchane, sumptibus et expensis 
meis permanere/ac etiam cum officio ballivatus predic- 
tarum terrarum cum curiis exitibus," etc. This char- 
ter is dated at Kirkiimer on the 3d November 1547 ; 
it is countersigned by " Alexander [Gordon], Bishop 
of Whithorn," who in 1558 attained the episcopate, 
and had probably thereafter attached his name to the 
charter to complete its validity. 

Queen Mary commenced her personal reign in 
Scotland in August 1561, and on the 11th January 
following James Paterson, sacristan of the Chapel 
Boyal, handed to Servais de Conde, one of the Queen's 
valets, an inventory of vestments and ornaments be- 
longing to the institution. This inventory, of which 
the original is preserved at Craufurdland Castle, is in 
these terms : 

**The Inventor of the Quenis Grace Chapell Royale geir and 
omamentis now heir in the Paleiss of Halyruidhous deliverit be 
Schir James Paterson, sacristane, at the Quenis command to 
Semes de Conde,* Frencheman and varloit of Oure Souverein 
Ladeis chalmer, be Maister Archibald Craufurd, her [Gracis] 
Haister Almoner, to be keipit in the Wardrop of Edinbargh4 
" Imprimis, twa blew damaiss capis stripit with gold 
** Item, tua reid welwouss [capis] champit with gold. 
" Item, ane fyne caipe of claith of gold on blew weluouss feild. 
^* Item, thrie black weluouss caipis for the mort, ane of them 

8t[em]it with gold, 
^ Item, tua tunikillis with ane chesabill of blak weluouss for 

* On the SOth Jantiaiy 1564-5 '^ Servaifi de Condez, Verlat of her hienes 
chalmer," was appointed to the keeping of the Palace of Holyroodhouse. 
George Chalnttis' MSS. ; Laing's MSS., University of Edinburgh. 

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the mort stand, with thrie albis, amittis, stolis and fannonis^ 
and purse. 
'' Item, tua auld alter towallis. 
*' Item, ane frontole and ane pendikill of blak weluouss st[em]it 

with gold. 
** Item, four tunikillis, twa chesabillis of fyne clayth of gold, 

with thrie albis, stolis, fannoiiis, amittis, and purse. 
"Item, ane Mess Buik of parchment, with ane nottit Anti- 

phonale of parchment. 
" Item, ane coffer, with lok and key, within the quhilk thair is 

part of this forsaid garniture. 
'' Item, ane pendakill of silk, ane frontoll of gold and purpour 
" All this geyr receivit be me, Seruais, varlot of chalmer to 
our Souerane, at hyr command, the eleuint daye of 
Janver, anno 1561, befor me David LameroL 

" S. De Condez, vallet de chambre de la Koyne. 
" A lillebour, 11»» Janvier 1561." 

The Inventory was rendered into English and 
French. The English translation proceeds : 

** Memorandum of the omamentis of the Kirk quhilk I ressauit 
fra the Kepair of the Chapel of Striueling 1562. 
"First, twa auld caippis of blew dames droppit with floure 

delice of gold, with the foirbrestis maid in histories. 
" Alsua, ane cover of the alter, with the vnderpand, all of fresit 

claith of gold with blew, and diuidit equaUs in bredis of 

claith of gold figurit with reid, freinyeit with silk of the same 

" Mair, twa auld caippis of reid veluot, figurit with flouris of 

gold, fumisit the foirbreistis with counterfait gold. 
'* Mair, twa tvnicles, ane chasuble, and a caip, all of claith of 

gold, figurit with blew veluot, the foirbreistis of broderie 

work of gold and silk. 
" Mair, twa tvnicles, thre caippis, ane chasuble, with the cover 

of ane alter and the vnderpand all of blak veluot droppit with 

stamis of gold. The foirbreistis of thame of reid veluot en- 

richit with the armes of Scotland and histories. 

Digitized by 


nrrRODUCTioN. Ixi 

** Mair, ane chasuable and twa tvnacles of claith of gold, pyrnit 
with blak, fumisit with the foirbreistis of fyne gold. 

" Mair, foure stoillis and sex fannonis, with fyve beltis maid of 
quhite threid. 

" Mair^ six abbis and foure amytis with twa auld alter claithis. 

* " Wome." 

The original of the French translation which fol- 
lows is preserved at Preshome among the Papers 
.saved from the wreck of the Scots College at Paris. 

** Memoyre des Omement D'EgUse que je resceu du Secre- 
tain de la Chapelle de Strellin, 1562. 
" Fremierement, deux vielle chappe de damas bleu, semee de 

fleur de hs d'or avec lea orfres feet d'istoyre. 
'^ Plus, ung parrement d'autel avec le soubassement, le tout de 

toylle d'or frisee de bleu^ et meparty de toylle d'or figurree 

de rouge, frange de soye, de mesmes coulleur. 
•* Plus, deux vielle chappe de velours rouge figurree de fleurs 

d'or, gamy d'orfre d'or de masse, a savoir faux or. 
'* Plus, deux tuniques et une chasuble et une chappe, le tout de 

toylle d'or figurree de velours bleu, gamy d'orfres feet d'or nues. 
*' Plus, deux tuniques, troy chappe, et une chasubles, avec 

ung parrement d'ostel et le soubassement, le tout de velours 

noyr, semez d'estoilles d'or. Et les orfres des diets omement 

sont de velours rouges enriche des armes d'Ecosse et histoyrre. 
'' Plus, une chasuble, et deux tuniques de toylle d'or, broche de 

noyr, garnye d'orfres d'or fin. 
^ Plus, quatre estoUes, et six fanons, avec sincq sainturre feet de 

filz blanc. 
*' Plus, six aubes, et quatre amycts avec deux vielle nappe d'auteL 


♦ A Collection of InTentories and other Records of the Royal Wardrobe, 
etc, 1488-1506 (edited by Geoige Thomson). Printed at Edinburgh 1815. 
Inuentaiies de la Reyne Descosse Douairiere de France, Catalogues of the 
Jewels, etc, of Mary, Queen of Scots, edited by Josepli Robertson. Edinb. 
1863, pp. xzyiL, czli,, cxlii, 59 ; Illustrations of the Reigns of Queen Maxy 
and King James VI., pp. 11, 12. 

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From the care bestowed on the catalogue of its 
trappings and ornaments at the commencement of her 
personal reign^ it may be inferred that Queen Mary 
was led to actively interest herself in the collegiate 
churchy while the removal of the articles to Holy- 
rood-house would induce the belief that even at 
this period the substitution of that palace as the 
chapel's headquarters was in contemplation. Pro- 
bably the intention may have been induced by an 
event which took place at Stirling not long subs^ 
quent to the queen's return from France. It is 
reported by Bandolph that when on the 14th Sep* 
tember 1561 "her grace's devout chaplains would, by 
the good device of Arthur Erskine, have sung a high 
mass, the Earl of Argyle and the Lord James so 
disturbed the quire, that some, both priests and clerks, 
left their places with broken heads and bloody ears." 
He adds, " It was a sport alone for some who were 
there to behold it ; others were there that shed a tear 
or two, and then made no more of the matter."* 

The transference to Holyroodhouse of the endow- 
ments of the Chapel Boyal with its musical school 
would have involved changes difficult and inoppor- 
tune. It was therefore not proceeded with. At 
Holyrood the queen employed musicians, who were 
recompensed in common with the other members of 
her household. Her performers on the viol were John 
Feldie, Moreis Dow, William Hay, John Dow, and 

* Cbalmen' Life of Queen Maiy, i. 64. 

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John Ray. On the 8th Janoary 1561-2 the Treasurer 
paid to ''John Feldie and his bairns, violaris/' for 
their services at last Yule £20. Each violar had a 
salary of £10 a year, exclusive of perquisites. In 
1562 the queen's musicians received white taffety to 
be coats and hose, or trousers, with red and white 
taffety for their bonnets. 

In 1561 and 1562 the queen employed three per- 
formers on the lute. John Adesone, valet of the 
chamber and lute player, received in 1562 a payment 
of £24. John Hume, chief of the Inters, will be men- 
tioned subsequently. James Heron and James Bam- 
say played on the shalme, or pipe and whistle. In 
1563^ Bamsay had a salary of £59, 4s.t 

Singers or " sangsters " were also employed in the 
royal household. In August 1565 the Treasurer paid 
for clothes and Paris hats to five "sangsters," probably 
supplied to them on the occasion of the queen's mar^- 
riage with Darnley. As a vocalist David Bizzio ob« 
tained his first connection with the court. A native 
of Piedmont, Bizzio came to Scotland in December 
1561 in the suite of Monsieur Moret, the ambassador 
of Savoy. At this time there were three valets of the 
queen's chamber, who each sung a part, but a fourth 
for bass was wanting. As a bass singer Bizzio was 

* Tieasurei's Accounts. Chalmen* Life of Qaeen Mary, i 72, 73. 

t Begiflter of Signatures, Book i ; Chalmets* life of Queen Mary, 78-73 ; 
Iietten of Mary, Queen of Scots, collected by Prince Lebano, edited by 
Agnes Strickland, ii 888. 

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appointed a valet of the chamber. It is recorded that 
on the 8th January 1561-2 the Treasurer paid "by a 
precept to David Ricio, virlat in the Queen's Grace 
chahner," £50. In the entry of a further payment 
made to him on the 14th of the following April, he is 
described as " David Ricio, Italian, chalmer's cheild."* 
In an account of payments made in 1564 by George 
Wishart of Drymme, deputy of Sir John Wishart of 
Pitarrow, the Comptroller, Rizzio appears to have 
then received a salary of eighty pounds, which was 
paid quarterly.! 

Having served as valet-musician for three years, 
Bizzio was, in December 1564, appointed successor 
to M. Boulat, the queen's French secretary, who 
was removed for misconductj 

A considerable verse writer, and skilful in music, 
both vocal and instrumental, David Bizzio obtained 
the queen's favour, and it is believed he warmly 
j^upported Damley's suit. On the 28th February 
1565-6, there was paid to him, by the queen's precept, 
the sum of £2000, '* in part of ten thousand marks 
for the duty of the Cunzie house, owing to Her 
Majestie for two years." § His assassination at 

* Treamuer's Accounts. The expression chamber-chield was the nsnal 
Scottish desif^nation of a yalet of the chamber. 

t MSS. of Qeorge Chalmers in Laing's MSS. Collection, University of 

t Randolph to Cecil, 13th December 1564 ; Keith, 268. 

§ Thorpe's Calendar of State Papers, Lond., 1858, 8to. ; Randolph's 
Letters to Cecil in 1565, Public Record Office and Cottonian Library; 
Goodal, i. 205 ; Chalmers* MSS. in Dr Laing's .Collection, University of 

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Holyroodhouse in the queen^s presence, on the 9th 
March 1566, was one of the most tragic events in 
her troubled reign. Six weeks after his death, his 
brother Joseph came to Scotland with M. Castelnau 
de Malvisie, when he was appointed French secretary 
in his stead.* He also acted as a musician. But 
his character was defective, for, in January 1566-7, 
he fled to England with a friend's money, when the 
queen, though unsuccessfully, requested Drury to 
send him back, t 

At the period of Kizzio's slaughter, Mary was 
advanced in pregnancy about six months ; her child 
was bom in the Castle of Edinburgh on the 19th 
June 1566. Pr|nce of Scotland, and heir-apparent 
of two kingdoms, the royal infant was an object of 
solicitude to the Reformers. Soon after her recovery 
the queen was waited upon by Mr John Spottis- 
woode, superintendent of Lothian, who offered the 
congratulations of the Church, and at the same time 
expressed a hope that the future sovereign might be 
baptized by a Presbyterian minister. Mary accepted 
the congratulations, but waived the proposal as to 
the baptism; she had already determined that her 
son should be baptized in her own faith, j; 

Probably the queen hesitated as to whether the 
baptism should be solemnised at Edinburgh or Stir- 

♦ Randolph to Cecil, 25th April 1566 ; Keith, Appendix, 129. 

t GeoTge Chalniers' MSS., Laing's MSS., University of Edinburgh. 

X Spottiswoode's History of the Church of Scotland, Edinb., 1851, ii. 40. 

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ling. On her arrival from France^ in August 1561, 
when she ventured to restore the mass at Holyrood^ 
a riot had supervened; and, as we have seen, a 
similar attempt at Stirling in September had been 
attended with a demonstration scarcely less violent. 
But at Stirling was situated the Chapel Boyal, and 
if there former sovereigns were not baptized the 
place was nevertheless associated with stirring events 
in the monarchical history. To Stirling Castle Mary 
removed her son, on the 22d August, and prepara- 
tions for the baptism were commenced forthwith. 
To defray costs, the Privy Council, on the 6th 
October, levied a taxation of £12,000. That taxation 
was made, the Privy Council record bears, in con- 
sideration that *' sum of the grettest princes in Chris- 
tendome hes emestlie requirit of our soveranis that 
be thair ambassatouris thai may be witnessis and gos- 
seppis at the baptisme of thair Majesteis derrist sone 
the native prince of this realme, quhais requisitioun 
being bayth ressonabil and honorabill, thair Majesteis 
hes glaidlie condiscendit thairunto, and dalie lukis for 
the arryving of the saidis ambassatouris." * 

The birth of an heir to the Scottish throne was 
promptly reported to Queen Elizabeth, through Sir 
James Melvill, who also conveyed to her majesty the 
request of his royal mistress that she would act as 
godmother. Accepting the proffered honour, the 
English queen delegated as her representative at 

* Privy Council Records, ii. 486. 

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qwRODUonoN, Ixvii 

the baptism the Countess of Argyle, who, while 
Mary's natural sister and personal friend, was also a 
member of the Reformed ChurcL But the English 
queen, besides appointing a del^;ate or '^ gossip" to 
represent her at the baptism, despatched to Scotland 
as special envoy the Earl of Bedford, who, a noted 
Protestant and the protector of the exiled lords, 
was sure to be made welcome by the Scottish 
nobility. Bedford travelled to Scotland with forty 
attendants; he was met at Goldingham by Melvill 
on behalf of the queen, while the Protestant gentry 
of Haddingtonshire also offered their respects, and 
joined his procession. At Edinburgh Bedford and 
his attendants were accommodated for a night in the 
Duke of Chatelherault's quarters at Kirk o' Field ; 
next day they resumed their journey to Stirling. 
On Saturday the 14th December, Bedford was at 
Stirling Palace admitted to an audience by Mary, 
who had, in order to his reception there, hastened 
from Holjrroodhouse. Before her majesty, Bedford 
placed a gold font, which, in his written instructions, 
he was commissioned to '' say pleasantly was made 
as soon as we heard of the prince's birth, and then 
'twas big enough for him ; but now he being grown 
id too big for it ; therefore it may be better used for 
the nea^t child, provided it be christened before it 
outgrows the font." The font weighed 333 ounces, 
rendering the value £1048, 13s.* 

* Keith's History of Scottish Affairs, 1845, 8to, ii. 479. 

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The Privy Council precept became payable on the 
30th November, and preparations being completed, 
the baptism was fixed to take place on Tuesday the 
17th December. At five o'clock on the afternoon of 
that day the nobility, gentry, and burgesses assembled 
in the Castle. The barons drew up in double columns 
between the Palace and the Chapel Royal, as a guard 
of honour ; each in his hand carried a waxen taper, 
or bore a symbol of office. At the sound of clarions 
and other instruments, a body of handsome youths 
passed to the Chapel between the columns bearing 
torches. The Countess of Argyle, * having in.- 
her arms the royal infant, followed next; she was 
£fupported on the right by the Count de Brienne, 
ambassador of France, and on the left by Monsieur 
le Croc, substitute deputy of the Duke of Savoy. 
Following the Countess came the Earl of Athole, 
bearing a large waxen candle, the Earl of Eglinton, 
holding " the salt-fat," Lord Sempill, supporting the 
holy rood, and Lord Ross, bearing a ewer and basin. 
When the procession reached the Chapel, those who 
professed the Protestant doctrines remained outside, 
including the English ambassador, and the Earls of 
Murray, Bothwell, and Himtly. 

Within the Chapel already were assembled with 

*By the Qeneral Assembly, which met at Edinburgh on the 25th 
December 1567, the Countess of Argyle waa ordered to make public 
repentance in the Chapel Royal of Stirling, upon ane Sunday in time of 
preaching, " for assisting at the prince's baptism, performed in a papistical^ 
manner." — Booke of (he Universal Kirk, 

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the queen, Archbishop Hamilton of St Andrews, and 
the Bishops of Dunkeld, Dunblane, and Boss, accom- 
panied by the prior of Whithorn, and several deans 
and archdeacons. As representative of Queen Eliza- 
beth, the Countess of Argyle presented the child at 
the altar, the baptismal rite being celebrated by the 
archbishop. The application of saliva, or "the 
spittle," was omitted, in deference to Mary's express 
wish. When the solemnities were concluded, the 
heralds declared aloud the prince's name and titles, 
as "Charles James, James Charles, Prince and 
Steward of Scotland, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of 
Carrick, Lord of the Isles, and Baron of Renfrew." 
This proclamation, followed by the din of clarions, 
was thrice repeated. Thereafter the choristers sung 
appropriate airs, accompanied by the organs. At 
the door of the Chapel, the English ambassador 
assured the queen that, though two earls only had 
entered the building, twelve were in waiting upon her. 
The solemnity of the baptism was followed by a 
great banquet, served in the palace. Writes a con- 
temporary chronicler : 

" Thaj all past to the greit hall to the supper, quhair at ane 
tabill sat the quenis majestie at mydbard, the French ambas- 
satour at the rycht hand, the Inglis ambassatour at hir left 
hand, and Monsieur de Lacrok, ambassatour for Savoy, at the 
bord-end. And thair servit the quenis majestie, the erle of 
Huntlie, carvoure, the erle of Murray, coppar [cupper], and the 
erle of Bothwill, sewar [server]. The French ambassatour was 
servit be the erle of Mar, carvoure, the erle of Cassilis, coppar, 


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and the erle of Athole, sewar. The Inglis ambassatour, be the 
erle of Eglingtoun, coppar, the erle of Eothes, carvoure, and the 
erle of Crawfurd, sewar. The duke of Savoyis ambassatour, be 
the maister Maxwell, carvour, and the lord Boyd, coppar, and 
the lord Levingstoun, sewar. The ordour of the cuming of the 
meit was this, efter the herauldis, maisseris, trumpetonris, and 
swescheouris [musicians], being thre maister houshaldis in rank; 
viz., Fyndlater in the mydis, Seinzour Francisco de Busso at 
the rycht hand, and Gilbert Balfour at the left, thair come in 
George lord Seytoun, him allane ; and efter him come Archibald 
erle of Ergile, allane ; and ilk ane of thame bure ane fair quhite 
staff in thair handis ; and the lordis, barronis, and nobilles bure 
fair greit torches, quhilk wer in greit haboundance, and weiU 
ordourit; and efter dansing and playing in haboundance, the 
saidis lordis that nycht depairtit to thair lugeingis."* 

For several days following the baptism sports were 
conducted in the palace, and in " the valley," aboUow 
of Stirling Rock ; while festivities and musical fetes 
occupied the evenings. On Thursday, the 19th 
December, a display of fireworks varied the entertain- 
ment. " Thair wes," vmtes the author of the Diurnal, 
" masry [masquerading] and playing in all sortis, be- 
foir supper ; than ane fort balding in Striueling besjdd 
the Kirk-yaird, qnhairin wes artailzerie, schote fyre 
ballis, fyre speris, and all vtheris thingis plesand for 
the sicht of man ; this done, our souerane ladie past 
to the castell, and thair maid James, prince of Scot- 
land, the duke of Rothissay, erle of Kyle, Carrick, 
and Cunnynghame, and barroun of the barronie of 
Renfrew, and maid certane knychtis." t At the supper 

* Diurnal of Occurrents, 1513-1575, 103, 104. Edinb. 1836, 4to. 
t Diurnal of Occurrents, 105. 

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which followed, an occurrence took place which might 
have terminated seriously. Jealousy had already 
been awakened between the French and English, 
for the former were displeased that the queen had 
extended a marked attention to her English visitors, 
while they conceived themselves proportionally neg- 
lected. This feeling was shared by the queen's French 
servant, De Bastian, master of the ceremonies, who 
resolved at the banquet to oflfer an aflfront to the 
English visitors. In the manner of the period, the 
table containing the viands was ushered into the hall 
by men draped as satyrs, accompanied by musicians, 
playing on various instruments. The satyrs were re- 
moved to make way for the advancing table, but in per- 
forming this office they seized their tails and wagged 
them among the guests. The long-tailed English, 
was an epithet of contempt applied by the Scots 
to their southern neighbours, and of which the Eng- 
lish were abundantly aware. There was consequently 
among this portion of the guests a strong feeling of 
displeasure, and a number of them resolving not to 
share the feast, turned their backs upon the table; 
So indignant was Christopher Hatton,^ an English 
gentleman, that he informed Sir James Melville that 
but for the queen's presence he would have slain De 
Bastian on the spot The queen, who was in con- 
versation with the Earl of Bedford, turned round on 

♦ Subsequently Sir Christopher Hatton, latterly Privy Councillor and 
Lord ChanceUor. Queen Mary presented him with a valuable chain having 
her portrait attached. 

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remarking the tuniult, and having learned its cause 
proceeded, with the earl's help, to restore harmony 
and order.* 

Of the taxation levied by the Privy Council a por- 
tion was appropriated in gifts to the ambassadors and 
prominent members of their suites. To the Earl of 
Bedford, the queen presented a chain of diamonds. 
John Hume, who conducted the musical arrange- 
ments, received for himself and staff the sum of 
£177, 10s. 8d. Hume was clothed in a livery of fine 
velvet, and wore **a hat and velvet bonnet, rapier 
and belt." t 

Lord Damley was not present at his son's baptism. 
From the queen he had become estranged at the time 
of Bizzio's murder, but there had been a partial re- 
conciliation after her confinement. Mary had lived 
with him at Stirling from the 30th August till the 
11th September, also for several days at Craigmillar 
Castle towards the end of November. But he there- 
after came to Stirling alone, and it does not appear 
that subsequently any communication passed between 
him and the queen. He occupied private apart- 
ments in the burgh, and there remained sullen and 
solitary amidst the joyous demonstrations of Decem- 
ber. On the morning of the baptism, if we are to 
believe the French ambassador, he was intoxicated, 
and would have exposed the court to disgrace but for 

♦ Sir James Melville's Memoirs, p. 152. Edinb. 1736, 
t Chalmers* Life of Queen Mary, i. 72, 73. 

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the envoy's interference. On the 24th December he 
proceeded to Glasgow. The end was near ; he was 
assassinated at Kirk o' Field, near Edinburgh, on 
the 10th of February. Whether this terrible solu- 
tion of a state difficulty was directly countenanced by 
the queen is a moot point of history. Yet her early 
union with Bothwell, who was unquestionably privy 
to her husband's murder, was clearly a blunder which 
could be repaired only by abdication. On the 24th 
July 1567, she resigned the crown in favour of her 
infant son, who was, as James VI., generally recog- 
nised. During the twenty years of her unhappy life 
which remained, Mary experienced some solace in 
cultivating those musical arts which she had cherished 
as a queen. Unwilling to arouse the jealousy of her 
royal sister and rival, Melville answered Queen Eliza- 
beth's question as to her skill with the remark that 
she played " reasonably well as a queen ; " in truth 
she excelled in music, especially as a performer on 
the lute and virginals.* At least one of the court 
musicians adhered to her during her imprisonment 
and exile ; ** John, the musician who played the base 
violin," is named, in 1574, as one who bore messages 
to her in England from her adherents in Scotland.f 

Under charge of the Countess of Mar, the young 
prince remained at Stirling. When he became king, 
he had assigned him as part of his household four 

* Chalnieis* Life of Queen Mary, i. 73. 

t Thoipe's Calendar of State Papers relating to Scotland. Lond., 1858, 
five, ii. 916. 

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violaris, viz. — "Mekill Thomas Hudsoun,* Robert 
Hudsoun, James Hudsoun, and William Hudsoun." 
These, with their attendant, "Thomas Fowlarton,*' 
were accommodated in the castle, t Among the 
more dignified members of the household was Alex-^ 
ander Gordon, Dean of the Chapel Royal, second son 
of John, Master of Huntly, by Jane, natural daughter 
of James IV. Gordon in his youth was companion 
of James V. He was designed for the bishopric of 
Caithness in 1514, but the see did not become vacant. 
Elected in 1547 to the diocese of Glasgow, the Pope 
gave the preferment to James Beaton, but to relieve 
Gordon's disappointment constituted him Archbishop 
of Athens, with the promise that he would receive 
the next Scottish bishopric. He became. Bishop of 
the Isles in 1558, and sat in the Parliament of 1560 
which ratified the Confession of Faith. Joining the 
Reformers he was appointed Bishop of Galloway and 
Dean of the Chapel Royal ; he was afterwards nomi- 
nated an Extraordinary Lord of Session. Through 
his influence at court, he was mainly instrumental in 
procuring for the Reformed clergy a provision from the 
thirds of benefices. But he imperfectly discharged 
his own clerical duties, owing to his being deeply en- 
grossed with secular affairs. Charged with negli- 
gence he exposed himself to the censure of the 

♦ This person, who seems to have been of gigantic stature was, in 1686 
appointed Master of the Chapel Royal. (See postea.) 
t Chalmers' Life of Queen Mary, i. 177. 

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General Assembly, but having promptly acknowledged 
his error and readily submitted to discipline, he was 
allowed to retain his ecclesiastical offices. He died 
in November 1575.* 

As regarded the spiritual instruction of the young 
king, the services of Dean and Bishop Gordon were 
not available. An instructor was recommended by 
Buchanan, in the person of John Duncanson, minister 
of Stirling, and formerly Principal of St Leonard's 
College. A convert from, the old faith, Duncanson 
was one of the few ecclesiastics who cordially ac* 
cepted the Beformed doctrines. He was appointed 
vicar of the Chapel Royal on the 17th March 1568,f 
having already by the General Assembly been nomi- 
nated '' minister of the King's House," as under the 
new system the office of chaplain at court was desig- 

The organs and ornaments of the Chapel Boyal 
were preserved when those in cathedrals and other 
churches were wrecked and ruined. But what the 
multitude had spared, the Earl of Mar, as Captain of 
the Castle, caused to be swept away. His act was 
indemnified by a Parliament convened by the Regent 
Lennox, which assembled at Stirling on the 28th 
August 1571. That Parliament passed a resolution, 
which, from its curious interest, we present in full : 

• Fasti Eocl. Scot, i. 775 ; Brunton & Hair's College of Justice, 128 ; 
Keith's Bishops, 279, 307. 
t Fasti Eod Scot, 1 156. 

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" My lord regent's grace thre estatis and haill body of this pre- 
sent parliamet calling to mynd how at the coronatioun of the 
kinge ma*** o' souane lord accomplishit and solempnizat vpoun the 
xxix day of Julij, the zeir of God J™ v« and threscoir sevin 
zeiris, the nobilitie prelattis commissioners of burrowis and 
vtheris his hienes faythfuU and trew subjectis pnrpoislie convenit 
for that effect, nawis neglecting the cans of God, Bot with the 
first looking thereto specialie to the estait of the Chapell Riall 
within the castell of Striueling quhair his hienes personn wes 
than and presentlie is resident and nurischit Thoucht it tendit 
to goddis honor that the said Chapell suld be purgit of all 
monumentis of ydolatrie or vthiris thingis quhatsumeuir dedicat 
to superstitioun. That the puir word of God my* be trewlie 
prechit and his sacramentis richtlie and sinceirlie ministrat 
therein. 'Thairfoir thai gaif special and expres cdmand and 
charge to Johnne Erie of Mar, Lord Erskin, Capitane of the said 
Castell of Striuiling that he suld caus the said Chapell w*oat 
delay be purgit and reformit in maner and to the eflFect aboue- 
written quhilk cSmandiinent he dewlie put in executioun de- 
claring himself ane noble man and a fauorar of godlines. And the 
same being cosiderit be my lord regent's grace, the thre estatis 
and haill body of this present parliament foirsaid, thai haif 
allowit and approvit and be this present act allowis, approvis, and 
findis guid the said reformatioun and purgatioun of the said 
Chapell Royall, done and accomplishit be the said Erie of Mar 
and vtheris at his . . . the sercheing and seiking of all 
monumental veshells, vestiments . . . apparelling quhat- 
sumeuir quhilk war within the said Chapell . . . war de- 
dicat or appertenit thereto. And the dispositioun and away 
p . . . decemand and declarand that the said erle and 
vther personis makaris . . . reformatioun and purgatioun 
of the said Chapell Riall for that d . . . incur ony skaith or 
danger in thair personis, landis, or guidis . . . callit or 
accusit for the samin crinalie nor ciuilie be . . . way in 
tyme cuming. Notwithstanding ony lawis or cost . . 
euir maid or to be maid quhilk may appeir to extend in the 
. . . Dischargeing be this present act all iugeis and minis- 

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tens of . . . within this realnie present and tocum of all 
calling, accnsing, or in ony . . . preceding aganis the said 
erle or vtheris pesonis makars of the f . . . reformatiouii and 
pnigatioim at his c5mand their airis and their executoris for 
that . . . deid or ony thing depending thairvpouii and of 
thair oflSces in that part for enir."* 

Another enactment, passed at the Parliament 
held at Stirling in August, was attended with a 
serious result. The Duke of Chatelherault, his sons, 
and Kirkaldy of Grange, were, as supporters of the 
dethroned queen, subjected to forfeiture. Learning 
what had occurred, Kirkaldy resolved to surprise 
the Parliament and arrest its leaders. Seizing the 
horses which appeared in the public market at Edin- 
burgh, he, on the evening of the 2d September, left 
that city at the head of 200 mounted troops, and 300 
infantry. Reaching Stirling before daybreak, he 
seized several of the nobility. Among these was • 
the Regent Lennox, who surrendered to Spence of 
Wormiston. There had been no intention to injure 
the Regent, but a shot fired by one Captain Calder, 
a fierce adventurer, wounded him mortally. In a 
dying state he was carried to the castle, where he 
evinced deep concern as to the safety of his grandson, 
the young king. He only survived till the follow- 
ing day. His remains were honourably interred in 
the Chapel Royal, and near the spot a monumental 
tablet was afterwards placed by his widow, in testi- 
mony of her affection, t 

♦ Acta Pari. Scot., iii. 62. 

t Spottiswoode's History, ii. 163-166 ; Chambers's Life of James I., 40-46. 

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In relation to an appointment to a canonry in the 
Chapel Koyaly the Privy Council^ which assembled at 
the Palace of Holyrood on the 6th July 1573^ were 
considerably exercised.* By a letter of gift under the 
Privy Seal, issued on the 26th August 1571, by the 
late Begent, William Drummond, son of Sir Robert 
Drummond of Camock, was appointed to the canonry 
called '' the parsonage and vicarage of Alio way." But 
Mr David Lindsay^ " Commissioner of the Kirk " for 
the western district,, refused admission on the ground 
that the presentee had not personally produced his 
letter of gift. In defence it was pleaded that this 
instrument was presented by his elder brother Patrick, 
the presentee being at the University of St An* 
drews prosecuting his studies, and, besides that the 
inclemency of the season prevented his making long 
travel The case was complicated, inasmuch as Mr 
David Lindsay had appointed to the canonry " ane 
James DalrumpiU," and had refused the late Regent's 
letter when it was by the presentee actually produced 
to him. As Lindsay made no answer to the complaint, 
a decree was in his absence pronounced in Drum- 
mond's &vour. It proved inoperative, and Dalrymple 
was within a month afterwards presented to the 
parsonage and vicarage by the Crown. Dalrymple 
died in 1580.t 

The Chapel Boyal at Stirling seems to have been 

♦ Privy Oooncil Register, i 254-256. 
t Fasti Eccl. Scot., ii. 84. 

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very partially used subsequent to the purgation ; it 
was probably closed after the court removed from 
Stirling Castle to Holyroodhouse. It was not to be 
wholly abandoned. In January 1598*4 the king com-* 
municated to the Privy Council that he expected the 
queen shortly to bring him an heir. This announce- 
ment caused a parliament to be summoned ; it met 
on the 28th January^i when anticipatory of the in- 
teresting event, and consequent baptism, a general 
taxation was sanctioned. Of the sum of X100,000 
voted on the occasion, it was ordered that one-half 
was to be contributed by "the spiritual estate," 
X33,333, 16s. 8d. by " the freeholders," and the balance, 
£16,666, 13a 4d., by the burgesses of the royal 

Prince Henry was bom on the 19th February, and 
henceforth baptismal concerns occupied the king's 
chief attention. With a view to the baptism being 
celebrated in the same ancient palace where he had 
himself been received into the Church, James caused 
the fragile and ruinous structure of the Chapel Boyal 
to be removed, while he personally superintended the 
erection of a new and more conunodious edifice on 
the same site. Of the entire proceedings thereanent,. 
as well as in regard to the event of Prince Henry's 
baptism, a narrative minute and circumstantial was 
published at the time, evidently under the king's own 
direction. This publication, which embraces fifteen 

* AcU Pari. Scot., iv. 60-52, 

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Google ^^ 


pages small quarto, is printed in black letter. A 
copy, almost unique, is preserved in the Grenville 
Library. The title is " A true Reportarie of the most 
triumphant and royal Accomplishment of the Bap- 
tisme of Frederick-Henry, Prince of Scotland, solem- 
nized the 30 Day of August 1694 : Edinb., R. Walde- 
grave." The tract, considerably altered, was reprinted 
at London in 1603, with the title "A true Accompt 
of the Baptism of Henry Frederick, Prince of Scot- 
land, and now Prince of Wales." It was again 
reprinted at Edinburgh in 1787, and it has been re- 
produced in the third volume of NichoFs " Progresses 
of Queen Elizabeth," 1805; in the second volume of the 
Somers Collection ; also in Scotia Rediviva, a collec- 
tion of Scottish Historical Tracts, published in 1826. 
The " Reportarie " commences thus : 

"The noble and most potent prince of Scotland was bom 
in the castle of Striviling the 19 day of February 1594, upon 
which occasion the king's majestie sent for the nobles of his 
land, and to all the capital burrows thereof, to haue their aduise 
how he should proceed for the due solemnization of his royal 
baptisme, and what princes he should send too; when they 
were all compeared with great diligence and good will, he pro- 
poned unto them, that it was necessary to direct out ambassa- 
dours to France, England, Denmark, the Low Countries, the 
Duke of Brunswicke, his brother-in-law, and to the Duke of 
Magdelburg, the queenis majestie's grandfather, and to such other 
princes as should be thought expedient. Likewise he thought 
the castle of Striviling the most convenient place for the resi- 
dence of this most noble and mightie prince, in respect that he 
was borne there ; as also, it was necessary, that suflScient pre- 
paration might be made for the ambassadours that should be 

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invited to come, for honour of the crown and countrey. And 
besides all this, because the Chapell Boyal was ruinous and 
too little, concluded that the old chappell should be utterly 
rased, and a new erected in the same place, that should be more 
laige, long, and glorious, to entertain the great number of 
straungers expected. These propositions at length considered 
they all, with a free voluntarie deliberation, graunted unto his 
majestic the summe of an hundred thousand pounds money of 
Scotlani" " 

That the new Chapel Royal might be properly 
reared and decorated, the king, proceeds the " Re- 
portarie,'' gathered together '' the greatest number of 
skilled workmen," and himself superintended their 
operations. The foreign ambassadors, each as he 
arrived, was received by the king, and entertained by 
him " at his own charges." 

Chiefly intent on celebrating the splendour of the 
baptismal arrangements, the author of the " Repor- 
tarie " omits special reference to the architecture of 
the new chapel, or its structural decorations. But 
we are informed by the historian, Robert Johnstone, 
who lived contemporaneously, that the ceiling was 
garnished with gold, and that the walls were magni- 
ficently adorned with pictures, sculptures, and other 

The 30th day of August was fixed for the baptism, 
and ceremonial arrangements entrusted to Sir Patrick 

* Beram Britannicaram Historia auctore Roberto Johnstono (1572-1628) 
MS. Advocates Library, fol. 163. 

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JjQslie, commendatDr or *' Lord of Lindores,"* and to 
Mr William Fowler,t Master of Works, at Stirling'or 
Edinburgh. These, according to the author of the 
^' Reportarie," faithfully discharged their duties, and 
** by their travell, diligence, and invention, brought 
it to that perfection which the shortness of the time 
and other considerations could permit." 

During the two days which preceded the baptism, 
chivalric sports were conducted in *'the valley." In 
course of these sports appeared in female attire as 
Amazons, Sir Patrick Leslie, master of the cere- 
monies, already noticed ; also Sir Walter Scott of 
Bucdeuch, and Mr John Bothwell,t described as 
" Abbot of Holyrood." On the morning of the 30th 
Mr Patrick Galloway, '* minister of the King's House," 

* Sir Patrick Leslie was second son of the fifth Earl of Rothes. Ei^joy- 
ing the favour of James VI., he was appointed commendator of Lindoiea, 
and on the 25th December 1600 was created Lord Lindores. 

t Mr William Fowler appears to have been the son of a merchant in Edin^ 
burgh, who traded with Paris, probably for silks and articles of vertu. Lord 
Herreis died suddenly in the lodgings of William Fowler at Edinbuigh, 
on the 20th January 1682-3. After serving as Master of Works, Fowler was 
appointed by James VI. Secretary to his Queen; he also received the 
honour of knighthood. He composed verses ; and a sonnet from his pen 
addressed to the Countess of Erroll is contained in the Hawthomden MSS^ 
in keeping of the Scottish Society of Antiquaries. Sir William Fowler^ 
sister, Susanna, was wife of Sir John Drummond of Hawthomden, ami 
mother of William Drummond the poet (Privy Council Register, ii 329, 
433 ; iii. 549 ; Calderwood, viii. 232 ; Lord Strathallan's Gknealogie of the 
House of Drummond, pcb89vm). 

X Though described in the '' Reportarie " as Abbot of Holyrood, Mr John 
Bothwell was not an ecclesiastic. Son of Adam Bothwell, Bishop of 
Orkney, he had from James VI., with whom he was a favourite, three 
several charters, 1591-1592, of the lands and jurisdiction of the Abbacy of 
Holyrood. On the 20th December 1607, he was raised to the peerage as 
Lord Holyroodhouse, the abbey lands being in his favour erected into a tem- 
poral lordship. 

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mTBOBUGTiON. Ixxxiii 

preftcbed in the new Chapel Boyal for the first time. 
"He/' writes the author of the •'Eeportarie/' ^'learned- 
lie and godlie entreated upon the text of the 21 
of Genesis.'' The young prince was tliereafter bap- 
tized by Mr David Cunningham, Bishop of Aberdeen* 
The bishop afterwards '^ ascended the pulpit> wh^i> 
after he had delivwed in verse a certaine praise and 
commendation of the prince, then he converted the 
rest of his Latine oration, in prose, to the ambassa- 
dours, every one in particular, beginning at the am- 
bassadour of England, and so continuing with the 
rest ; wherein he made mention of the chronology of 
each of these princes, and recited the proximitie and 
neamesse of blood that they had with Scotland, con- 
cluding his oration, with exhortation and thanksgiving 
to God for that good occasion and prosperous as- 
sembly." *' Thereafter," proceeds the '' Eeportarie," 
*' the provost and prebends of the Chappell Eoyall did 
sing the 21 psalme of Dauid, according to the art of 
musique, to the great delectation of the noble audi- 

The religious service concluded, sixteen barons and 
gentlemen were dubbed knights ; when, as the author 
of the " Eeportarie" quaintly relates, '' great quantity 
of divers especes of gold and money were cast over 
amongst the people." 

A banquet followed, which, in its preparation, had 
no doubt taxed the ingenuity of the age. Proceeds 
the chronicler: "The kinge, queene, and ambassa- 

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dours were placed all at one table, being formed of 
three parts, after a geometricall fi^re in such sort, 
that euery one might haue a full sight of the other." 
As the banquet proceeded a great chariot, bearing 
fruits and delicacies, was drawn into the apartment. 
It had been contemplated that a lion, as impersonat- 
ing the monarchy, might drag in the chariot, but in 
consideration for the nerves of the more sensitive, a 
moor, richly attired, " bore forward the chariot, being 
attached to it by great chaines of gold." Next en- 
tered, or rather sailed into the banquet-hall a ship 
floating in an artificial sea, at the approach of which 
volleys from thirty-six brass guns surprised and 
startled the assembly. The ship, which was in the 
keel 18 feet long, and to its topmost flag 40 feet in 
height, bore a cargo of fishes. These are enumerated 
as "Hearings, whitings, flooks, oysters, buckies, 
lampets, partans, lapstars, crabs, spout-fish, and 

" Whilst the ship was unloading," adds the author of 
the " Reportarie", '' Arion, sitting upon the galey nose, 
which resembled the forme of a dolphine fish, played 
upon his harpe ; then begane his musick in greene 
holyne howboyes, in fine parts. After that followed 
viols, with voices in plaine counterpoint," discoursing 
Latin hexameters, composed for the occasion. ''A 
stil noise of recoders and fluts," and '' for the fourth, 
a general consort of the best instruments," concluded 
the first portion of the entertainment. 

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A concert followed. " There was sung, with most 
delicate dulce voices, and sweet harmonies, in seven 
partes, the 128th Psalm, with fourteen voices." Re- 
joicings were prolonged till past midnight. 

Since the preceding pages were printed,* a detached 
document, discovered in the General Register House, 
would serve to show that about ten years prior to the 
construction of the new fabric in 1594, a proposal for 
such a renovation had, through the Lord High Trea- 
surer, been submitted to the Privy CounciL * The 
proposal was made by Sir Robert Drummond, the 
King's Master of Works, and it is embodied in the 
form of a report on the condition of the Royal Palace. 
The report, embraced in two folio sheets, is inscribed 
on the back, *' Ane iforme and Invitowre of the ex- 
penssis appeiranlie to be maid in the Kingis hienes 
Paleyssis as is withein writtin. Apud Halyrudhous 
septimo Maij anno [millesimo] v** Octuagesimo tertio. 
Productum per Robertum Drummond de Camok 
militem coram dominis scaccarij." 

That portion of the report relating to the Castle 
and Chapel Royal of Stirling we present entire : 


OF Stirling. 

" Item, the Castell of Stirling is rwingows f in sic sort that the 
greit hall thairof is in poynt of tynsall J be the altering of 

♦ Other important documents in relation to the early history of the 
Chapel Royal of Stirling, lately discovered in the General Register House, 
will 1)e added in the Appendix. 

-t- Ruinous. t Loss. 


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the same quhilkis conswmeis the wallis in resaueing watter 
and als the thak* of the same is reywin and resaweis 
watter in sic sort that it sail rott the rwif of the said hall. 

" Item, the foirentres the towris thairof ar naikit and without 

" Item, to mend the greit windois in the cowrthall in the new 
vork twa dissone J vane scott,§ Thre dissone daiUis withe 
ffoure corballis of aik ; Price off the tymmer and the work- 
menschip to ane hnnderethe merkis. 

*' Item, the Westqwarter thairof to be all tane downe to the 
grownd, thane to big and beild the same vp agane in the 
maist plesand maner that can be dewyssit : Quhilk qwarter 
off the said paleys is the best and maist plesand sitwa- 
tioune off ony of his hienes palayes be ressone it will hawe 
the maist plesand sycht of all the foure airtfais : In speciall 
Perk II and gairdin IT deir thairin vp the Bawerais ** of 
Forth, Teyth, Allone, and Gwddy to Lochlomwnd, ane sycht 
rownd abowt in all pairtis, and downe the Bewear of Forthe 
quhair thair standis many greit stane howssis : Provyding 
thair be ane fair gallery beildit on the ane syd of the said 
work, withe ane tarras ff on the vther sy de of the said work : 
And this ffoirsaid gallerie and tarras to be beildit and bigit 
vpone the heich pairtis off the ffoirsaid work. 

*' Item, the ffoirsaid westqwarter the rwif thairof is all brokin 
and falling downe, necessar it is the tymmer and skailze 
thairon to be takin downe presently and laid vp in howssis 
ffor suppleing the Kingis grace workis. 

*' Item, the Chapell Royall, the thak thairof resaweis weit and 
rane in sic sort that the Kingis hienes may nocht weill 
remane within the same in tyme off weitt or rane. 

" Item, to witt the said Chappell Eoyall in Stirling, the rwif 
thairof hes bene wrang wrocht mekill vnder sqware that 

♦Thatch. t Slates. J Doien, § Wainacot. 

II The Royal Park of Stirling. 

IF The Royal Gardens, occupying the southern slope of the castle hill, and 
extending to the plain beneath. 
*♦ Rivers. ft Terrace. 

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the thak of the same is off skailze, and is ane werray licht 

'* Notwithstanding thair is many kyppillis * thairof brokin, swa 
it is necessar to pwt ane new rwif vpone the said Cheppell, 
and the said rwif to be mekill abone the sqware : Thane 
the gayvellis f of the said Cheppell, the stane work and 
paittis mane be reassit to ane greit heicht, agreabill to the 
new rwif thairof ffor i*emembrance off this wark : In cais 
the westqwarter off the ffoirsaid palays wer beildit and 
bigit as is ffoirsaid, thane it wer necessar ffor the owtsett 
off the said paleys and making of the cowrt and clois large 
and mair to ane better ffassioun, to tak away the Cheppell 
and to big the same neirby the northe bak wall in ane vther 
sort off biging to the pwrpois that oure Qweyne, withe hir 
tryne off ladyis, may pas fwrthe off this new dewyssit work 
into the said Cheppell loft,^ and the Kingis grace saitt to 
be bigit directlie annent the pwppeit thairof: This being 
done the clos and cowrt will stand neirby vpone sqware in 
all pairtis, qwhilkis workis wilbe large expens. 

•* It is nocht wnknawin to zour lordschipis that the new work 
off the Castell of Stirling is the maist substantious work 
and maist plesand withein the same zitt the sitwatioun 
thairof is nocht gwid nor plesand, in respect thair can na 
plesand sycht be had swa giff this vther new work wer 
beildit the Kingis hienes wald mak his recedence in the 

** Item, ffor beilding or biging of ane kennell hows withein the 
said Castell in the nedder bailze : Suma in expenssis all 
maner of wayis, extendane to fyve hunder merkis or thair- 
by: And gif awld tymmer and skailze be taikin of the 
westqwarter to fwmeis the foirsaid hows, the expenssis 
thairof to be of ane les prica" 

The description of the older Chapel as being par- 
tially constructed of turf and insuflSciently thatched 
would point to the poverty of palatial architecture, 

♦ Cupples. t Gables. % Gallery. 

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as contrasted with that of the cathedrals ; while it is 
not uninteresting to find the court architect providing 
for the comfort of the queen and her ladies, the king 
being only in his seventeenth year and unmarried. 

The architect, or master of works, Sir Robert Drum- 
mond, claims special notice. Descended from the 
ancient House of Drummond, he was the fifth of his 
family who owned the lands of Carnock, Stirlingshire. 
Bom about 1518, he seems to have succeeded as the 
King's Master of Works, his kinsman John Drum- 
mond,* who held a similar ofiice under James IV, and 
v., and was doubtless architect of the new Palace at 
Stirling, reared by the latter sovereign. Sir Robert 
was twice married, his first wife, Margaret Kirk- 
aldy, being sister of the famous Sir William Kirk- 
aldy of Grange. His second wife, Marjorie Fleming, 
was sister of Robert, Lord Elphinstone. His second 
son, bom of the second marriage, was Sir John Drum- 
mond of Hawthoraden, whose son William was the 
celebrated poet. Sir Robert died in 1592, and his 
epitaph has been written in verse by the poet, Alex- 
ander Montgomery.t 

The Chapel Royal of Stirling, reared in 1594, after 
serving the special purpose for which it was prepared, 
was afterwards exposed to neglect, its internal decora- 

* Lord Strathallan's Qenealogie of the House of Drummond, pp. 62, 264, 

t Malcolm's Genealogical Memoirs of the House of Drummond, Bdinb. 
1808, p. 32 ; Lord Strath allan's Qenealogie of the House of Drummond, 
pp. 71, 74, 260, 267 ; Alexander Montgomery's Poems, Edinb. 1820, p. 244. 

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tions being defaced and scattered. After being used 
as an ordinary barrack it was modernised and reno- 
vated, one portion being adapted as a garrison school- 
room, and another fitted up as a repertory of arms. 
The architecture is Saxon ; two columns, surmounted 
by an entablature, adorn the entrance. 

Subsequent to the endowments of the Chapel 
Royal being transferred to Holyroodhouse, the oflBce 
of '* minister of the constabulary of Stirling" was 
created. When the Act of Union between the king- 
doms, of 1707, provided that a garrison should be 
established at Stirling Castle, the two offices of 
minister of the constabulary and chaplain of the gar- 
rison seem to have been combined. Thomas David- 
son, lecturer in the Tron Church, Edinburgh, was, in 
June 1709, commissioned by Queen Anne as chaplain 
to the garrison. He was ordained to the charge, and 
admitted a member of the local Presbytery.* In 
1759 the chaplaincy of Stirling Castle was conferred 
on Dr William Robertson, the historian, who at the 
same time held office as minister of Lady Tester's 
Church, Edinburgh. Dr Robertson was succeeded 
by Dr Robert Moodie, minister of Clackmannan, 
after whose death in 1832 the office, which had for 
upwards of a century been virtually a sinecure, was 
again associated with active service. The editor of 
this work was, in succession to the Rev. Robert Wat- 
son, appointed chaplain of Stirling Castle by a royal 

♦ Fasti Eccl. Scot., ii. 685. 

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commission, dated 25th January 1855, and was or- 
dained to the cure. He retired in August 1863, and 
to the office no commissioned chaplain has since been 

To the Chapel Royal of Stirling as a collegiate 
church does the accompanying Register belong. Styled 
Registrum CapelUe Regice Strivelinensis, it is contained 
in a folio volume of fifty-one leaves, each leaf being 
authenticated by Sir James Primrose, who in 1602 
was appointed clerk to the Privy Council. Written 
in a large distinct hand, all the folios are entire save 
one, the 49th, which is lost. There are eighteen 
separate documents of dates between 1501 and 1537, 
including charters of erection and endowment, and a 
list of vestments, jewels, and other ornaments ; also 
a list of books which in 1505 was possessed by the 
institution. The documents are generally in Latin. 
Marginal comments on the different instruments have, 
with one or two exceptions, been added at a later 
period. The Register is preserved in the Advocates' 
Library, and is now printed for the first time. The 
brief analysis of it, published in 1828 by Sir John 
Graham Dalyell, conveys a very imperfect idea of its 

In producing a volume chiefly founded on materials 
obtained from unprinted sources, we have necessarily 
incurred obligations of kind service. To Mr Jolm 
Small, of the University of Edinburgh, we are in- 
debted for important suggestions and useful co- 

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operation. Mr Thomas Dickson, of the General 
Register House, has courteously extended facilities 
of search, and by rendering available several un- 
printed documents, has added to the value of our 
historical details. In the transcription, the Rev. 
Walter Macleod has exhibited his wonted skill and 
unwearied diligence. 

8 Brandon Street, Edinburgh, 
December 1881. 

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Father Hay, in remarking that at the Reformation 
the revenues of the Chapel Royal were valued at 
£5000 sterling, adds, "Comparring this with the 
course of money att the time of James the fourth, the 
rent of this Royall Chapell can be no less than five 
thousand merks Scots money, that is 330 pound ster- 
ling, payable out of the lands, and the soume of five 
thousand pound sterling payable out of the benefices, 
being recover'd, and reduced to ane ordinary rentall, 
which soume [they] would easily afford. 
These of greatest worth were out of the Chapell's 
possession in James the sixt's daye, in the Priory of 
Rosneth, belonging to the Canon Regulars." * 

For a time John Duncanson, ''minister of the 
King's House," retained the incumbency of Stirling 
along with the vicarage of the Chapel Royal. He 

* Hay's Scotia Sacra MS., Advocates Library. The date of the MS. is 
QnceTtain. Hay was bom in 1601, and attained an advanced age. 

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resigned his parochial cure subsequent to the 16th 
January 1571, and it is probable that not long after- 
wards he accompanied his royal charge to the Palace 
of Holyrood. Here was constituted as a new Chapel 
Eoyal an inconsiderable structure, which stood on the 
south side of the Palace, and which had been used 
for worship by the Court, both before the Reforma- 
tion and subsequently. Of this erection we obtain 
some account by referring to Sir Robert Drummond's 
MS. report on the Royal Palaces. This report, 
which is dated 7th May 1583, contains the following 
entries : 

"The Payleis off Halyrwdows. 

'* Item, To repair the Cheppell of the said paleys to the Kingis 
Majesties honowre, ane honorabill saitt to be maid to his 
hienes, togidder withe ane chanchelar* wall of tymmer 
withe ane trym powpeit and fformes and saittis encireUt 
rownd abowt as effeiris and without the chanchelar wall 
certane formis to be maid. 

" Item, Foure dissone of vanescott to the Kingis Majesteis saitt 
and powpeit ; price thairof, ane hunder. merkis. 

" Item, Ten corballis to fwrneis the said workis ; price tbairof, 
twenty pundis. 

" Item, HaJf ane hunder dellis to the foirsaid work, . xx"^ 

" Item, Twentie fyre+ treis to the soUis and binding of the saidis 
formis, price, . . . 

''Item, For boltis bandis of irone and iron naillis with ane 
lotte gleu and . . . thairto ; price thairof, xiij**^ vj» viij**. 

"Item, Ffor workmenschip to the said Cheppell, twa hunder 

" Item, To gett tymmer to big the heidis of the twa Bowndis 

* The eanecttiu— « perfoiated screen, in this instance made of timber. 
t Fir. 

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abone the principall zett at the entres thairof ; price of the 
said tymmer ane hunder pundis ; and the expenssis to big 
the twa Bowndis ffoirsaidis, twa hunder merkis. 

" Item, to repair and mend the est gallerie with tymmer and 
sklaitt^ as efEsiriB ; price thairof, . . . 

" And giff swa be to reis the principall hows that garrownis may 
be laid npone the principall hows thairof." 

Within the Chapel of Holyroodhouse mass had 
been p^ormed immediately subsequent to Queen 
Mary's return in August 1561 ; and it was this 
falMic which became the Chapel Royal of Scotland 
in substitution for the deserted structure at Stir- 
ling. The building was removed in 1671, when the 
Palace was made to assume its present quadrangular 

The remainder of Mr John Duncanson's history may 
now be related. Ajs the king's chaplain or minister 
he received some share of ecclesiastical honours. A 
reply, prepared by Duncanson to Tyrie the Jesuit's 
refutation of Knox's answer to a former work, 
was revised and issued by the General Assembly of 
March 1573, and of the succeeding Assembly he was 
chosen Moderator, In 1574, he was appointed sub- 
deaiL By the Church in 1576, and again in 1578, 
he was authorised, with others, to prepare the 
Second Book of Discipline. He died on the 4th 
OctobOT.1601, having attained nearly his hundredth 
year. It appeared after his decease that while his 
office of subdean yielded a revenue of £200 sterling, 
he had not for a course of years received payment, 

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and for a grant of the arrears a petition was, by 
his son, presented to the king.* 

During his latter years Duncanson had, as his col- 
league in the office of king's minister^ the celebrated 
John Craig. Deprived of his father, who fell on the 
field of Flodden, when he was under his twelfth 
year, Craig became tutor to Lord Dacres. He 
afterwards joined the Dominican monastery at St 
Andrews. Some time imprisoned under the charge 
of heresy, he afterwards travelled in France, and 
proceeded to Rome. Under the patronage of Car- 
dinal Pole, he was admitted into a convent at 
Bologna. By reading the Institutions of Calvin he 
was led to embrace the Reformed doctrines, and being 
again charged with heresy he was condemned to suffer 
at the stake. On the death of Pope Paul IV. in 
1559 he obtained his liberty. After some stirring ad- 
ventures and perils he became a minister at Vienna, 
there obtaining the countenance of Maximilian IL 
Returning to Scotland he, in 1561, was chosen minis- 
ter of the Canongate, from which office he was, in 
1563, translated to St Giles Church. From the pulpit 
he denounced the marriage of Queen Mary with Both- 
well. In 1571 he was translated to Montrose, and in 
1573 to New Aberdeen. He returned to Edinburgh 
in 1580 as king's minister, for which " the Assembly 
blessed the Lord and praised the king." Craig drew 

* Fasti Eccl. Scot., i. 160 ; ii. 671 ; Miscellany of the Wodrow Society, 
i. 465, 466. 

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up the Confession of Faith, which, subscribed by the 
king in March 1580, was also adopted by the nation. 
Of three General Assemblies he was elected Mode- 
rator. He died on the 12th September 1600, in his 
eighty-ninth year.* 

Another colleague of Duncanson in the pastorate 
of the Chapel Royal was Patrick Galloway. From 
the parochial cure of Fowlis-Easter he was translated 
to the Old Church, Perth. While holding the latter 
office he incurred the king's displeasure by support- 
ing the Earl of Gowrie, and for a time had to retire 
to England. Permitted to return, he regained the 
king's favour, and with the approval of the Church ac- 
cepted in 1589 the office of royal chaplain. He 
preached in the Chapel Royal, Stirling, at the bap- 
tism of Prince Henry, and ministered in the Chapel 
Royal of Holyrood till 1607, when he was translated 
to St Giles Church, Edinburgh. He died prior to the 
10th February 1625-6. His eldest son, James, was 
raised to the peerage as Lord Dunkeld.t 

In 1596 John Edmestoun, minister of Dunning, 
was appointed minister of the King's House, but still 
retained his parochial charge. He was succeeded in 
1602 by Andrew Lamb. A native of Fifeshire, Lamb 
was ordained minister of Burntisland in 1593. Trans- 
lated to Arbroath in 1596, he remained there till 
1600, when he was elected to the second charge of 

* Fasti Eccl. Scot., i. 5, 62, 150 ; iii. 462, 843. 
t Ibid,, i. 8, 161 ; ii. 610. 

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South LeitlL His preferment as minister of the 
King's House, or chaplain of the royal household (with 
the teinds of Kirkinner and Kiriccowan) was sanc- 
tioned by the General Assembly. On the 24th 
March 1603, he was appointed commendator of the 
Abbey of Cupar. He preached at Holyroodhonse on 
the morning of the 5th April 1603, immediately be- 
fore the king's departure from Scotland to occupy 
the English throng. Consecrated, in 1609, Bishop of 
Brechin, he was transferred to the see of Galloway 
in 1610, when he also became Dean of the Chapel 
BoyaL Afflicted with blindness he latterly resided 
at Edinburgh where he died in 1634.* 

Mr James Nicolson, minister of Meigle, was, in 
1602, nominated as minister of the King's House ; he 
was appointed to the see of Brechin in 1607. He 
died before consecration, t 

An Act of Parliament was passed in 1570, enjoin- 
ing the magistrates of burghs, and provosts of collies 
to provide '' sang senilis " in their several localities. 
In order to the greater efficiency of the Chapel Royal 
as a musical seminary, the king's chief '^ violar/' 
Thomas Hudsoun, was, by a royal letter, dated 5th 
June 1586, appointed " Master " of the institution ; 
he was also appointed chief of the king's '' vther chan- 
torie coUegis." His appointment was confirmed by 
Parliament in 1592. And thereon follows the provi- 

♦ Fasti Eocl. Scot., i. 103, 151, 393, 777 ; ii. 628, 777, 785, 889. 
t /Wd.,i. 151; ii. 837. 

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aion : '' And becaus thair is ane greit pairt of the 
froittis and rentis of the kirkis and benefices perten- 
iog to the said Chappell Royall disponit and assignit 
to the ministeris serving the cure of the saidis kirkis : 
Thairfoir His Majestie, with auise foresaid^ ordanis and 
commandis his hienes collectour generall and thesau- 
rair of the new augmentationis to answer and mak 
payment zeirlie to the said Thomas of samekle as he 
sail want of the zeirlie fruittis and rentis of the saidis 
kirkis and teyndis thairof, be the benefices or stipendis 
assignit or disponit to the ministeris furth of the 
same. And for the remanent prebendaries and 
rentis of the said Chappell Royall, foundit vpoun tem- 
porall landis and disponit to quhatsumevir vtheris 
nor to the said Thomas, and vse of the saidis musici- 
anis at ony tyme sen the dait of his said gift : Findis 
and declaris that he hes guid richt and actioun to 
persew for reductioun and annulling thereof, to the 
effect that the same may be josit and Ysit according 
to the effect and meaning of the said gift and proui- 
sion in all pointis. And becaus it is speciallie pro- 
oydit be the said letter that the said Thomas sal 
haoe payit to him zeirlie in his fie, be the Collectour 
Generall off the superplus, of the thriddis of benefices 
within this realme, the sowme of tua hundreth pundis 
monie, ay and quhill samekle of the rentis of the 
same Chappell Boyall be recoverit be him as will 
extend to the same sowme." The Act concludes by 
declaring that the king should not fill up the vacant 

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prebendaries so as to deprive Hudsoun of his 

The interests of the musicians serving in the 
€hapel Royal were further secured by the following 
Act, passed in 1594 : 

" Our Souerane Lord and Estaitis of this present Parliament, 
considdering that his Maiesties maist noble progenitoris of guid 
memorie conforme to the example of vther ciuile and Ghristiane 
princes fomidit the Chappell Boyall of Striuiling, and disponit 
certane landis, rentis, and benefices thairto for interteynement of 
ane certane nowmer of Musicianis, to mak residence and sendee 
in Ms hienes house and Chappell at all tymes requisite nenirthe- 
less be the inoportune sute of sindrie personis in his Maisties 
minorities the rentis of the said benefice ar sua alterit and dis- 
ponit that the saidis musicianis are not hable to mak residence 
nor thair is na thing left to thame to leif vpoun, hot that the 
said erectioun and fundation appearis aUuterlie to decay : Thaib- 
FOIR his hienis and estaitis foirsaidis, retretlB^ rescindis, cassis, and 
annullis all takis, pensionis, or vther dispositionis quatsumever 
maid be his hienes of the few males and dewties of few landis 
and of the dewties of the takis of teyndis of the said benefice or 
ony part of the same to quatsumeuir persone or personis at ony 
tyme heirtofoir — ^And decemis the saidis takis, pensionis, and 
vther dispositionis foirsaidis of the few males of the saidis landis 
and of the dewties of the takis of the teyndis thairof to be 
null : Saulffand allanerlie and exceptand the assignationis maid 
to the ministeris resident and servand the cures of the kirkis of 
the said benefice." f 

A solitary reference sums up the musical history 
of the Chapel Royal from the period of Hudson's 
appointment as chief musician up to the close of the 
sixteenth century. That reference, contained in " the 

* Acta Pari. Scot., iii, 563, 564. fibid., iv. 75. 

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Inventory " of Sir Walter Scott of Branxholm, dated 
at Hawick, 11th April 1574, is in these terms : 

" Item, to Schir James Castellaw,* preceptor to the sex bames 
fottndin within our Soverane LordisChapell Royall of Striueling, 
as for the said barnis pairt of Sanct Marie Kirk of Lowis, for 
certane zeiris preceding .the xx day of Februar, anno Lxxxiij 
four scoir threttene pundis vjs viijd." f 

The preceding extract shows that the office of pre- 
ceptor or " master of the six bairns " was, in 1574, 
held by James Castellaw, whom we shall find dis- 
charging the duties many years afterwards. 

On the 14th May 1601, Mr William Chalmer (pro- 
bably of the family of Drumlochy) was admitted 
"Iwter'* of the Chapel Royall In 1605 he obtained 
a royal signature for a grant of a yearly pension for 
life of the third of the prebendary of Kippen, 
extending to £8, 17s. 9Jd. ; the third of the nunnery 
of Manuel, extending to £42, 12s. lO^d. ; and out 
of the thirds of Arbroath, 15 bolls, 2 firlots, 2 pecks 
of meal ; that is to say, out of Kirktoun 8 bolls, out 
of Colistoun 6 bolls meal, and out of Brakis the 
rest — extending in all to £50 ; and 16 bolls meal or 
thereby, in consideration of ''the gude, trew, and 

* The name Castellaw is clearly of territorial origin. It was the desig- 
nation of lands, situated at the base of Tumhouse Hill, parish of Glencross, 
Sdinbnigfashire, the teinds of which belonged to the Chapel Royal. There 
were four preb^idaries of Castellaw among the offices of the Chapel Royal. 

t Edinb. Com. Beg., iii., 18th November 1574. 

t Privy Seal Register, Ixxiii. 292. 

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thankful! service done to his majesty in the oflBce of 
lectorie in his Majesty*s house." In the instrument 
of gift which is dated at Hampton Court, on the 27th 
September, and at Edinburgh, 31st December 1605, 
the gr^tee is described as ''Mr William Chalmer," his 
Majesty's '' servitour." * 

In the Register of Presentations appears, under 
the 8th July 1605, a royal precept for a grant under 
the Privy Seal to Symeoun Ramsay, son of the 
late Ramsay, indweller in Dalkeith, of the pre- 
bendary of the Chapel Royal of Stirling, founded on 
the parsonage and vicarage of the Kirk of Kells, in 
the shire of Wigtown, during his lifetime, " for his 
better sustentatioun and intertenement at the scuillis, 
and to encourage him to continow in the studie of 
letters and exerceis musick." The office, it is further 
set forth, was vacant by the decease of Andrew 

For many years, notwithstanding feeble attempts 
after a better state of things, the revenues of the 
institution were almost wholly secularised. John 
Gib, who was appointed groom of the Privy Cham- 
ber when the king was under the age of nine years, 
acquired an easy ascendancy over his royal master. 
This is abundantly evidenced by his having be- 
stowed upon him a succession of immunities and 
offices. That he might enjoy the revenues, Gib was 

* Register of Presentations to Benefices, lit, fol. 1 16. 
t Ibid,, iii., fol. 108. 

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constituted "Prebendary of the Chapell Eoyall of 
Striuiling, callit the personage of Dalmellingtoun 
in the dyocis of Glasgw." This office he received 
by a letter under the Privy Seal, dated 9th Feb- 
mary 1585-6. In the instrument of gift it is set 
forth that it was granted on the death of "Schir 
Andro Buchquhan, last prebender and possessour 
thereof."* The gift was followed by a letter under 
the Privy Seal, dated 14th September 1588, in which 
Gib was authorised to receive the third part of the 
parsonage teinds of Dalmellington, belonging to the 
Chapel Royal. Nor by these grants was the king's 
liberality towards his early " chamber-chield " in any 
way exhausted. On the 18th February 1604-5, 
James constituted his attendant receiver and adminis- 
trator of the chapel rents. The following is embraced 
in a royal letter of this date : 

''That our souerane lord considdering quhow heirtofore his 
maiestis royal predicessoures of most blissit and happie memorie, 
Kingis of his hienes realme of Scotland, alsweill for advancing 
of the liberall science of musick, as to induce those quha haid 
attenit to any perfectioun in that airt, to addict thameselffis to 
the service of thair maiestie's chappell, did speciallie erect and 
found within thair castell of Striueling ane chappell royal, to 
remain at their awin gift and presentatioun in all tyme heirefter, 
and that for training up and educatioun of such personis in the 
said service, as micht thairefberbe most able to serve in the said 
chappell : and upoun the same respect, and for maintenance and 
sustenance of thais quha war of the said chappell royall, they 
did doite and provyde sufficient rentis and revenewis. The quhilk 

♦ Privy Seal Register, liii., fol. 103. 

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first fundatioun being so advysedlie set doun, hes nevertfaeles 
beine within thir few yeans transgressit be the inopportune 
inqnyring of unqualifeit persones to be presentit to the places of 
the said chappell being unfit for the same, and altogiddervoyde and 
ignorant of ony knawledge in the said science of mnsick, quhair- 
throw baith his maiesties chappell hes beine unproyydit of thais 
quha could serve thairin and the rentis and emolimentis gevin to 
the said chapell royall hes beine intromettit with be sic quha 
can nawayes serue thairfora And now, it being his maiesties 
most gratious will, mynd, and intentioun to have the said 
chapell royall in all thingis restorit to the former integritie 
according to the first fundatioun and institutioun of the same, 
and that the rentis thairof be employit to na uther use quhat- 
sumever: Thairfore, with advyse of the lordis of his maiesties 
privie counsell of Scotland, makand, constituand, and ordinand his 
maiesties trustie servitour, Jhonn Gib, ane of the gromes of his 
hienes bed chalmer, during all the dayes of his lyftyme, factour, 
receaver, and intromettour with the haill teindis, fruitis, rentis, 
proffittis, and emolimentis quhatsumever belangand and perten- 
ing, or quhilkis at ony tyme heirtofore hes beine dotit and 
provydit to the said chapell royall, alsweill that quhilk be 
the vacand places in the said chapell may be presentlie mellit 
[meddled] with, as all utheris presentlie possessit be sic as ar 
provydit quhen ever the same sail onnawayes vaik be thair 
deceis, to be imployit upoun sufficient persones qualefeit in 
musick and able to attend and serve his hienes within the said 
chapell ; and vtherwayes, according as it sail pleas his maiestie 
to direct; with power," etc.* 

Disgusted with an act of sovereignty which sup- 
pressed a national institution, and deprived its proper 
officers of the means of living, the Scottish Parlia- 
ment of 1606 ventured on a protest. They passed an 
Act which, as illustrative of the intelligence and 
patriotism of thfe period, we present unabridged. 

* Privy Seal Register, Ixxiv., fol. 287. 

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" Oure Soueraue Lord being of intentioun not onlie to mantene 
the honour, prerogatiue, and Majestie of his crowne of this his 
native kingdome of Scotland, bot also to repair and redress sic 
thingis as are done to the harme and preiudice of the samyn : 
to the effect that quhan it sail pleis Grod to gif his maiestie and 
his royall successouris occasioun to resorte to his said kingdome 
the dignitie and ancient markis of soueranitie thairof may be 
80 inviolablie observit as may best stand with his majesties 
honour, the reputation of the cuntrey, and deserve guid reporte 
and estimatioun amongis strangeris: And understanding that 
his maist nobUe progenitor of happie memorie King James the 
fourt, following the commendable example of vtheris eivill and 
vertuous princis, foundit ane Chapell Boyall constitute of ane 
sufficient number of persones for serveing his majestie and his 
successouris in Musique : and mortefeit^ doted, and disponit to 
the said Chapell Boyall and memberis thairof diners kirkis 
and rentis for thair leving and intertenement, quairof the funda- 
tion is now sa far neglectit as thair is nather ony sufficient num- 
ber of qualefeit persones appointit for service thairin, nather is 
the kirkis, rentis, and revenus thairof keipit in thair awin integritie 
according to the fundationis, mortificationis, dispositionis, richtis, 
and securities maid to the said Chapell Boyall and memberis of the 
samyn thairanent : Bot be the contrair the saidis landis, kirkis, 
teyndis, patronages, proffeittis, and rentis ar analeit, dismemberit, 
diminischit, and sa mony wayes enormelie burte, that his majestie 
and his successouris sail nocbt at their cumming to this cuntrey 
almaist find ony recorde or apperance of the said fundatioun or 
ony monument of that Boyall institutioun ; the inlak quairof 
will breid dirogatioun to the honour of the realme, quhilk onlie 
among all the Christiane kingdomes will be the meane vant that 
eivill and conmiendable provisioun of ordinar Musick for recrea- 
tioun and honour of thair princis : For remede quairof and to 
the effect that be his Majesties exampill the subiectis of the 
said kingdome may be the forder encouraged to interteny thair 
fundatiounis of Musick scholis, quhairby zouth may be in- 
structit in that liberall science quhilk quicknes the ingyne, gives 
plesant and harmeless recreatioun to all Estaitis and estaittis of 

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persones, and is ane baly exercise agreable to the religioun, and 
commandit of GU)d for geving of thankis and praise to his holie 
Majestie : — Our Souerane Lord with advyse and consent of his 
haill estaittis of this present Parliament ratifeis and appreves 
the said fundatioun and institutioun of the foirsaid Chappell 
Eoyall, insafar as concernis the seroice of his Maiestie and his 
successouris in Musick and all vtheris thingis nocht repugnand to 
the trew reUgioun presently professit and be the law establissit 
within this realme : And all landis, kirkis, teyndis, rentis, and 
commodities quhatsumeuir mortefeit gevin and disponit to the 
samyn or to ony of the memberis thairof : And becans it is 
knawin that nather the said seruice can be done vnles the per- 
sones appointit for the samyn have thair competent intertene^ 
ment and auld levying, nather can their levingis be obtenit 
gif the patronage of thair benefice be taken from his Majestie 
and the rentis thairof from the said chappell and memberis of 
the samin, — ^Thairfoir his Majestie and Estaittis foirsaidis 
retreittis, rescindis, cassis, and annullis all alienationis and dis-- 
positionis of landis, kirkis, and patronages of the kirkis and 
benefices belonging or quhilkis heirtofoir ony wayes belongit to 
the said Chappell Boyall, and patrimonie thairof, and memberis 
of the samyn, and all dispositionis, takkis, rentallis, pensionis, 
and utheris richtis, titillis, and securiteis quhatsnmeuir of the 
landis, kirkis, teyndis, fruittis, rentis, dueteis, and commoditeis 
thairof annaleit, disponit, gewin, or sett to quhatsnmeuir persone 
in hurte and prejudice of his hienes patronage of the said 
Chappell Eoyall or in diminutioun of the best and greatest 
rentall thairof: And decemis the indoubtit and full richt of 
the saidis haill patronages of all and sindrie kirkis quhilkis in 
ony tyme bigane wer dottit or annexit to the said chappell — 
sail now and in all tyme cumming belang and pertene to our 
said souverane lord and his successouris : And that the Maisteris 
and Memberis of the said Chappell Eoyall akeadie establisit 
or heirefter to be provydit or establissit be our Souerane Lord 
and his succesouris to haue indoubtit richt to the haill landis, 
kirkis, teyndis, rentis, profiittis, dueties, or commoditeis quhilk 
in ony tyme bigane belangit or appertenit to the said Chappell 

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Boyall and memberis thairof: And lykwayes decemis and 
ordanis that the nullitie of the saidis alienationis, dispositionis, 
and securiteis of the saidis patronage or thair landis, kirkis, 
richtis, and rentis maid to thair preiudice to ony vther persone 
in maner foirsaid be ressavit be way of exceptioun or reply 
without ony necessitie of actioun, persute, or reductioun of the 
samin : And that the samin sail nocht, nor may nocht^ in ony tyme 
cumming be lauchfuUie possessit bot be the ordinar memberis 
alanarlie of the said Chappell Boyall being astrictit to serue 
his Maiestie and his successouris in Musick and vtheris Godlie 
and lauchfull exerceis agreabill to the fundatioun and nocht 
repugnant to the trew religioun presentlie professit within 
this realme nochtwithstanding ony richt, titill, or dispositioun 
thairof gevin or ratifeit in parliament or vtherwayes in contrair 
the premissis in ony time bigane quhilkis his Majestie 
and Estaittis forsaiddis declaris to haue bene fra the be- 
ginning and to be in all tyme cumming null and of nane 
availl^ with all that hes foUowit or may follow thairvpon as 
gif the samin had nevir bene grantit nor maid: Exceptand 
alwayes and Beserveand the aduocation, donatioun, and richt 
of patronage of the Eirkis of the said Chappell Boyall quhilkis 
were disponit of befoir to George, Erie of Dunbar, or ar 
disponit to him in this present Parliament, sua that the saidis 
kirkis, fruitis, rentis, profeittis, dueteis, and emolumentis of 
the samen, the aduacation, donatioun, and richt of patronage 
thairof sail nawayes be comprehendit in this present act^ 
bot sail remane with the said George, Erie of Dunbar, his airis 
and successouris as their heretable patronages: As gif this 
present act had nevir bene maid and nochtwithstanding the 
samin, and all vtheris actis and statutis maid of befoir and in 
this present Parliament ffrome the quhilkis the saidis patronages 
is and sail be exceptit. > And also exceptand and reserveand 
furth of this present Act and haill contentis thairof the Takkis 
of the Teyndis of the Klirk of the Sanctmarie Lewis and pen- 
dicles thairof set to Walter Lord Scott of Balcleugh and all the 
takkis sett to him of all vtheris Teyndis of whatsumeuir kirkis 
perteining to the said Chappell RoyalL" * 

♦ Acta Pari. Scot., -iv. 258. 

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The Act of 1606 was passed in the king's name, 
and formally received the royal sanction. But James 
was still strongly disposed to provide for his fa- 
vourite attendant, irrespective of every other con- 
sideration. Accordingly, in utter disregard of the 
Scottish Estates — in disregard, too, of those serving 
the Chapel Royal, he asserted his determination to 
convert the revenues of the institution into a source 
of permanent emolument to the companion of his 
childhood. From Whitehall, on the 15th April 1610, 
he issued a mandate in these terms : 

" Ane letter maid, with advyse of his hienes richt trastie, and 
familiar counsallour, Mr Johne Prestoun of Pennycuik, his 
maiesties generall coUectour, makand mentioun that his maiestie 
calling to mynd the lang, guid, trew, and thankfull service done 
to his hienes continuallie sen his infancie be his maiesties 
trustie and secreit servitonr Johne Gib, grume in his hienes 
bedchalmer, and his maiestie being always of guid mynd and 
intentioun to remvnerat his said faitihfidl seruice with remember- 
ance of his hienes guidwill, as occasioun sail offer : And remem- 
bering that albeit his maiestie hes maid and constitute the said 
Johne maister of his hienes Chapell Eoyall of Striviling, yit the 
said Johne rypis na proffeit nor commoditie thairby : Bot the 
patrimonies, fruitis, and rentis of the kirkis annexit to the said 
Chapell Royall ar bestowit and imployit to wrang useis : Thair- 
fore, and unto the tyme his maiestie tak full deliberatioun and 
resolutioun tuitching the sattelling of ane constant platt how the 
fruitis and rentis of the said Chapell Eoyall sal b^ imployit ac- 
cording to the first foundatioun, his maiestie, of certane knaw- 
ledge and proper motive, with advyse foirsaid, hes gevin, grantit, 
and disponit, and be thir presentis geveis, grantis, and dispones 
to the said John Gib all and sindrie the teynd scheavis and 
utheris teyndis, fruitis, rentis, emolumentis, maillis, fermes, canis. 

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costomeis, caswalities, pro£feitis, and dewties of all and sindrie 
the Eorkis of Air, Alloway, Damellytoun, Dalrumpill, Balmaclel- 
lane, Kiellis, Creiff, Glenholme, Suddick, Kirkcoune, Eirkkenner : 
And als of all and sindrie the Eirkis of Kingarth, in Buit St 
Marie Kirk of Lewis, and lykways of all and sindrie the fyve 
prebendaries of Strabrane, and of the four prebendaries of Castel- 
law, and siclyke of all and sindrie the landis of Strawbrane, 
Castellaw, and fourtene aikeris of the landis of Baplache, 
quhilk war and ar ane pairt of the patrimonie and propertie of 
the said Chapell BoyaUL And that in yeirlie pensioun to the 
said Johne Gib during all the dayis of his lyftyme, togidder 
also with the haill byrun, teyndis, fruitis, rentis, emolimentis, 
maillis, fermes, cainis, customes, easwalities, proffeitis, and dew- 
ties quhatsumever of the haill foirsaidis kirkis, landis, and pre- 
bendaries restand awand unpayit in the parochinaris and fewaris 
handis Mid utheiis addebetit in payment thairof. . . ." * 

EiFectually to carry out the Royal intention a fur- 
ther mandate was issued from Oatlands on the 8d 
July 1612, in which Gib was constituted King's 
Factor and Commissioner for settling all tacks and 
assedations connected with the Chapel Royal. Of 
that instrument an excerpt follows : 

"^ Ane letter maid, makand mentioun that his maiestie remem- 
bring that heretofore his hines by his gift under his hines 
privie seill of the dait, the fyftene day of Apryle the zeir of God 
j" vi« and ten, gave, grunted, and disponed to his hines trustie 
and secreit serwand Johne Gib, groome of his maiesties bed 
chalmir, all and sindrie the teynd scheavis and other teyndis, 
frnctis, rentis, emolimentis, maillis, fermes, caynes, customes, 
caswalities, proffeitis, and dewties of all and sindrie the Kirkis 
of Kingarth in Bute, Air, Alloway, Damellintoun, Bamaclellane, 
DarympiU, Qaelton, Kelles, Kerkennare, Kirkowane, Suddick, 
Glenhome, St Marie Lowes . . . Creif ... the [five] 
prebendaries of Strabrane, the four prebendaries of Castellaw 
♦ Privy Seal Register, Ixxix., fol. 110. 

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And siclyk of all and sindrie the landis of Strabrane, Castellawi 
and fourtene aikeris of landis of Raploch, quhilkis war and ar 
ane pairt of the patrimonie and propertie of his maiesties 
Ohaipel Eoyall of Striviling, and that in zeirlie pensioun to the 
said Johne Gib duiring all the dayis of his lyftyme, togidder 
also with the haill bymn teyndis, fruitis, rentis, emolimentis, 
maillis, fermes, caynes, customes, caswalitiss, proffeitis, and dew- 
ties quhatsumever of the haill foirsaidis Kirkis, landis, and pre- 
bendries, resten awand unpayit in the parochinaris and fewaris 
handis, and utheris addebtit in payment thairof of all and quhat- 
sumever zereis bygane preceiding the dait of the said gift as in 
the same gift maid to the said Johne thairupone at mair lenih 
is conteyned. Quhilk gift his maiestie hes of certane knaw- 
ledge and propper motive ratifeit and approvin, and by the ten- 
nour heirof for his hignes [sic] and his successouris ratifeis and 
approveis in the haill heidis, claussis, and articles, provisionnis, 
conditionis, and circumstanceis quhatsumever specifeit and con- 
teyned thairin : And willis, grantis, declairis, and ordanes that 
the generalitie heirof sal be als goode, valide, effectually and 
sufficient in the selff in all respectis as giff the foirsaid gift war 
at lenth word be word insert herein dispensing thairanent by 
thir presentis. 

" And fardir, our said souerane lord, in coroboratioun of the 
foirsaid gift and for the said Johne his better securitie 
. . . His Maiestie with advyse of his trustie and fEoniliar 
counsallour, Sir Johne Amot of Birswick, Knycht, his hines 
generall collector deput, hes maid, constitute, and ordeyned, 
and be the tennour heirof makis, constituteis» and ordainis, the 
said Johne Gib duiring all the dayis of his lyftyme his hignes 
factour and commissionar to the effect vnderspecifeit, geveing, 
granting, and commiting his maiesties full power and commis- 
sioun to the said Johne to sett takkis and assedationes prouyding 
that the same be with advyse of the Erie Dumfermling, chancel- 
lar. Sir Thomas Hammiltoun of Byres, Knycht, clerk of the 
register, and Mr Willame Oliphant of Jfewtoun, his maiesties 
aduocat, and not to indure abone nyntene zeiris, to quhatsever 
persone or persones he pleissis without diminutioun of the 

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auld rentall of all and sindrie the tynd scheaves and other 
te3mdis, froitis, rentis, emolimentis, and dewties quhatsoever of 
all and sindrie the aforesaidis Eirkis and prebendaries abone- 
named, quhilkis takis and assedationes, ane or mae, to be 
sett be the said Johne Gib, his maiestie, with aduyse foir- 
said, hes declaired, decemid, and ordanid, and be thir presentis 
for his hines and his successouris, declairis, decemes, and 
ordanis sail be als guid, valide, effectuall, and sufficient in the 
selff in all respectis to the ressauearis, thair airis, assignayis, 
and successouris, as gif the saidis takis and assedationis war 
past be his maiestie himselff, or his hines successouris, and be 
the personnes and prebendaris of the foirsaidis Kirkis gif thai 
'WBT on lyff, with consent of the haill patrones and chapter of 
the said Chaipel royall and under thair seillis with all uther 
solemnities requisit, and Ivkways with speciall and full power 
to the said Johne to mak and sett the gersoumes and compo- 
sitiones of the saidis takis, and to intromet with, uptak, and 
resaue the samyn gersummes and compositiounes of the saidis 
takis, togidder with the haill zeirlie dewties of the saidis teyndis 
contenit in the saiddis takkis, and to use and dispone upone the 
samyn to his awin proper use, at his pleasour, and speciaUie as- 
signis the said yeirlie dewtie of the foirsaidis Kirkis and pre- 
bendries, teyndis, fruitis, and rentis thairof to the said Johne, 
in payment to him of his foirsaid zeirlie pensioun during all the 
dayis of his lyfbyme. . . ." * 

The preceding instrument was issued, doubtless 
at Gib's request, to meet a possible contingency. 
Gavin Hamilton, bishop of Galloway, t died in the 

* Privy Seal Register, Ixxxii., fol. 45. 

t Second son of the proprietor of Orbistoun, in the county of Lanark, 
Gavin Hamilton studied at the University of St Andrews, where he gradu- 
ated in 1684. He is described as having ** usuiped " the vicarage of Lanark, 
but in 1590 he was lawfully admitted to the second charge of Hamilton. 
TnnsUited to Bothwell in 1593, he was, with other brethren, appointed by 
the General Assembly to attend to the plantation of churches. In 1604 he 
returned to Hamilton as minister of the first charge ; he was, on the dd 
March 1605, promoted to the bishopric of Qalloway, and was consecrated 

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preceding February, and a movement for a reunion 
of the oflSce of Dean of the Chapel Koyal with that 
bishopric had supervened. Such a reunion implied 
that at least a portion of the Chapel revenues would 
fall to be restored. Notwithstanding Gib's prevision 
and the legal instrument for upholding his claim, the 
movement for reviving the Deanery made progress. 
On the 10th April 1612, about three months before 
Gib had secured office as administrator of the 
Chapel's rents and teinds, the Archbishop of Glasgow 
received a letter from the king, in which his majesty 
commanded him to appoint Mr William Bimie to the 
office of minister of Ayr, inasmuch that he had " of 
long tyme resolved to restore the ancient dignity of 
our Chapell Royall — and considering that Air is a 
church thereupon depending." The king added, " Mr 
Birnie had been chosen to serve there, the rather 
becaus we have a mynd to prefer him also to be 
Deane of our said Chapell."* 

Notwithstanding Gib's strategic movement in July, 
those who guided the royal counsels in April suc- 
cessfully resumed them in September, when Bimie 
was constituted " Dean," and " Master of the Chapel 
Royal," which in the instrument of gift was declared 

2l8t October 1610. With that bishopric he held the CommendatorBhip 
of Whithoni, and also the Abbacies of Dundrennan and Glenluce, yet his 
emoluments were insufficient for his support In circumstances of indigence 
he died in February 1612, about the age of fifty-one. 

* Original Letters relating to the Ecclesiastical Affairs of Scotland, 
Edinb. 1841, 4to, i. 282. 

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to be " heirefter callit his Majesties Chappell Royal 
of Scotland." That instrument proceeds : 

'' Oiure Soverane Lord ordanis ane letter to be maid under his ' 
hienes previe seall in dew forme berand that his maiestie calling 
to mynd qnhow that his hienes Chappell Boyall of Scotland 
being foundit and erectit of auld be his majesties maist noble 
progenitores for the honor of the realme, ornament, and decora- 
tioun of the kirk thairof, consisting of ane deane or maister and 
ane certane number of prebendares quhais cure [is] to reid and 
sing divine service in the said Chappell for the use of his maies- 
ties court and household within this kingdome, and considring 
that the said Chappell and service appointit to be usit therin 
hes now of lang tyme bene intermittit in default of ane deane 
and maister to quhome it cheiflie belongis to provyd preben- 
dares and men skeilfull in musick for service of the said Chap- 
pell according to the first fundatioun thairof, his maiestie being 
now of full purpois to haif the samyn restorit and redintegrate 
to the first integritee and everie thing that is requyrit for the 
omament thairof sufBcientlie provydit, hes nominat and pre- 
sentit his weill belovit Maister Williame Bimee, minister, to the 
place, office, and dignitie of Deane of the said Chappell Boyall, Diletur 
gevand and grantand to the said Maister Williame during all ^^*'* 
the dayis of his lyftyme all and sindrie the landis, kirkes, teyn- 
dis, firutes,^rentis, emolumentis, custumes, and dewteis quhatsum- 
ever pertenyng to the samyn, with all dignities, honores, privi- 
ledgis, immunities, and liberties injoyit at any tyme befoir by 
any deane of the said Chappell quhilk ar not repugnant to the 
religioun presentlie professit, and agreable to the lawes of kirk 
and realme, with speciall power to the said Mr Williame to 
chmse, nominat, and elect ane sufficient number of prebendares, 
skeilfull in mwsick being apt and qualifeit for uther divine 
service, to serve in the particular charges and services of the 
said Chappell Boyall, and to gift and confer vnto thame the 

* Probably the sentence commencing diletur quia is left incomplete, 
owing to some uncertainty on the part of the responsible official as to John 
Qib's privileges and rights. 

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benefices, prebendarees, and vther thair levingis belongand to 
thame and thair places according to the first institutioun^ and 
finallie to do all and everie thing that servis for the restablisch- 
ment of the said Chappell and service thairin, till the samyn be 
broucht to the first perfectioun that ia requyrit : And becaus the 
place of residence of his Majesties Counsall and Sessioun, and 
cheif remanaing of his hienes court quhan he sail happin to be 
in this kingdome is and will be at the toun of Edinburgh ; and 
that it is expedient the said Chappell be erectit in the maist 
conspicuus place, and quhair maist resort is of court and coun- 
sall, his maiestie thairfoir ordanit the place of speciall resi- 
dence thairof to be at Haljrrudhous in the palice of the samyn, 
and ordanis the said Mr Williame Birnee, deane electit of the 
same, to tak sufficient ordour for satling the said Chapell haill 
inemberis and office berares thairin, at the said Palice of Haly- 
rudhous in sic forme and manor as belongis, dispensand, lyk as 
his maiestie be thir presentis dispensis with the claus and con- 
ditioun contenit in the first institutioun thairof gif any sic be, 
quhairby it is appointit that the said Chappell be resident at 
Striyeling and callit the Chappell Boyall thairof, and willis the 
said Chappell to be heirefter callit his Majesties Chappell Boyall 
of Scotland : And be reddy alwayes to attend his maiesties ser- 
vice in quhatsumever pairt of that kingdome quhair his Majestie 
sail happin to be personallie present, and keip his majesties re- 
sidence for the tyme : And ordanis the said lettre to be extendit 
in the best forme with all clauses neidfiill, and with command 
in the samyn to the Lordis of Counsall, Sessioun, and Eschecker, 
to grant and direct letres of homing vpone ane simple charge at 
ten dayes, sequestratioun, arreistment, poinding and vtheris, 
at the instance of the said Mr Williame for causing him be 
ansuerit, obeyit, and payit of all and sindrie the landes, kirkes, 
teyndes, fruites, rentis, and dewties of the said deanery and 
benefice thairof in all tyme cuming during his lyftyme, as ac- 
cordis. Gevin at Tibollis the tuentie day of September, the zeir 
of God j°*y]® and tweflf zeiris.* 

Son of Birnie of that ilk, Mr William Biruie was 

* Register of Presentations, iv., fol. 80. 

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bom at Edinburgh in 1563. After graduating at the 
University of St Andrews in 1588, he abandoned 
literature for merchandise^ but sustaining heavy 
losses, he returned to his studies, and entered the 
Church. By James VI. he was presented to the 
vicarage of Lanark in 1597, and in 1603 was by the 
king constituted master and ecoTiomus of the hospital 
of St Leonards. He countenanced the brethren con- 
fined at Blackness in 1606, but continued to enjoy 
the royal confidence. His appointment to the 
parish of Ajrr in conjunction with the deanery of the 
Chapel Eoyal has been referred to. When it was 
resolved to unite the deanery with the bishopric of 
Galloway, Bimie consented to surrender his oflSce. 
As a compensatory arrangement he was, on the 
16th June 1614, presented to the parsonage and 
vicarage of AUoway. By this gift his revenues were 
believed to be augmented one thousand pounds Scots. 
Yet the increase seems to have been nominal, for the 
teinds of Alloway were not available. Consequently 
Bimie was celebrated in these lines — 

*' He waited on his charge with care and pains, 
At Air, on little hopes and smaller gains." 

An earnest and devoted pastor, he displayed feats 
of agility and strength, which made him famous. 
He died on the 19th January 1619 at the age of fifty- 


* Fasti Eccl. Scot., ii. 86, 306. 

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In the see of Galloway, the new bishop was William 
Cowper, minister of Perth, who received his com- 
mission on the 31st July 1612, his appointment 
being afterwards sanctioned by Parliament Like 
his predecessor, he held the office of Commendator of 
Glenluce, and also possessed the revenues of the 
Priory of Whithorn. On Bimie's resignation he was, 
on the 2d June 1615, appointed Dean of the Chapel 
Boyal. The following is the instrument of gift : 

" Our Souerane Lord ordanes ane Lettre to be maid vnder 
the great seill in dew aad ampiU forme, to and in favouris of 
the reverend father in God, William, bishop of Galloway, 
makand mention that forsamikle as be ane Act of lait parlia- 
ment, halden at Edinburgh in the moneth of October, the yeir 
of God Jaj vj® and twelfif yeiris his Majestie and Estaittis of 
the said Parliament fifor great and waichtie causis exprest in the 
said Act dissolvit, annuUit, retreittit, and rescindit ye Act of 
annexatioun quhairby all the kirk lands within the kingdom of 
Scotland were annexit to the Croun, in sa far as the samen Act 
micht or may be extendit to the Abacie of Tungland and Glen- 
luce and priorie of Quhitheme haill landis, lordschippis, barrones, 
and vtheris pertening and belanging yairto, to the effect that 
the saiddis abbacies and priorie with all that hes pertenit and 
belangit to the samen, alsweill temporalitie as spiritualitie thairof, 
micht be unitit and incorporat to and with the said bishoprik 
of Galloway to remayne thairwith inseparable for ever lyk as 
his Majestie and estaitis foirsaidis be vertew of the said Act of 
Parliament, unite, annexat, and incorporat to and with the said 
bishoprik, the foirsaids abacies and pryorie, and with all lands, 
lordschippis, barrones, burrows, superiorities, kirkis teyndis 
great and small, functiones, offices, iurisdictiones, and vtheris 
alsweill of ye temporalitie as spiritualitie yairoff, to^ remayne 
abyd and continow with the said bishoprik of Galloway and 

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with the said William, now bishop of Galloway, and his 
successonris efter him inseparablie in all tyme cuming: And 
ordanit that ane Lettre of donatioun sould be past and exped in 
favouris of the said reverend father vnder the greit seill thairvpone 
in dew and ample forme as at mair lenth is contenit in the Act 
of Parliament conforme to the quhilk and efter sufficient tryell 
and consideratioun tajdn be his Maiestie that the Ghappell 
Eoyall of Striviling of auld in the dayes of umquhile king 
James the fourt, his hienes grandshir of maist excellent memorie, 
wes vnitet to the said bishoprik of Galloway, togidder with 
all landis, kirkis, rentis, offices, iurisdictiones, dignities, and 
immunities pertening to the said Chappell EoyaU, and that the 
bishoppis of Galloway fra tyme to tyme efter the erectioune of the 
said chappell wer deanes thairoff and chaiplanes to his maiestie 
predecessouris : Thairfore our said Souerane Lord, with advys 
and consent of the lordis of his hienes secret counsall of his said 
kingdome of Scotland, hes ratifiet, approvin, and perpetuallie 
confermit all and quhatsumever giftis . . . and declaires 
and ordaines that the said reverend father and his successouris 
bishoppis of Gkdloway ar and salbe in all tyme cuming chap- 
lainis to his Maiestie and his successouris as deanes of the said 
Chapell Boyall of Stirling, and remanent vther benefices abone 
namit, anex&t, and incorporat to and with the said bishoprik, 
in maner above specefeit als lairgelie and amplie in all respectis 
as onie bishope of Galloway, deane of the Chappell Eoyall, 
pryour and abbot of the saidis pryorie, and abbacies bruikit and 
joysit at ony tyme heirtofoir: And ordanes that the present 
chaptour of the said bishoprik of Galloway with the said bishop- 
pes seill and chaiptouris seill now vseit salbe sufficient in tyme 
cuming for the samen bishoprik, Chapell Eoyall, and vtheris 
benefices abonewrettin, vnitit, and anexat thairto for all fewis, 
infeftmentis, takes, and vtheris to be grantit to the said reverend 
father in tyme cuming : And that the said Lettre be furder exten- 
dit with all claussis necessar and preceptis to be direct ordourlie 
heirvpone in forme as effeires. At TheobalUs the second day of 
Junii, the zeir of God Jm vj® and fyftene zeiris."* 

♦ Register of PiesentationB, iv., fol. 118. 

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Having became dean, Bishop Cowper made a vigor- 
ous effort to recover the misappropriated revenues. 
To his royal patron he, in January 1616, communi- 
cated thus : 

'' I have intended action against all such as praesentlie pos- 
sesses the rents of the Chappell, and shall doe what in me lyes to 
recover them ; not for ony benefit to me, being hartlie content to 
qnyt all the rent theirof that your Hienes Chappell may be pro- 
vydit of musitians, and the churches belonging therevnto of 
pastors. . . . And so soone as Uvings may be provyded for the 
musitians, it shalbe my great contentment to be their praesident, 
in sending up to God, everie day, prayers and praises for your 
Maiestie and your Royall children. I remember in the last con- 
ference concerning it, your Hienes called it, Insigne Imperii, and 
Avhat your Maiestie estemes ony honorable ensyne of your royall 
estait, we were most vnthankful servants if we sould not follow 
it, and willinglie come vnder it, sen your Hienes hes geuen so 
monifold prooffes of rare pietie and wisdome, never streatching 
out your royal scepter to the uttermost, bot tempering things 
lawfuU with the law of expedience. In end, aU my sute is, 
your Maiestie wold be pleased to giue commandement to the 
Lordis of your Hienes Session, that they do iustice in such 
actions as shall come before their Lordships perteining to the 
Chappell. Sundrie noble men haue I to do with, bot the cans 
is your Maiestie's, and not myne." * 

Whatever commands, if any, James conveyed to 
the Lords of Session, do not appear. But John Gib 
was arranged with ; he accepted for his claim against 
the Chapel revenues 3000 marks, which sum was 
paid him by the bishop. 

* Original Letters relating to Ecclesiastical Aifairs in Scotland. Banna- 
tyne Club, Edinb. 1851, 4to, ii. 466. 

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Yielding from his youth a reluctant support to the 
Presbyterian clergy, James VI. fully determined, 
after ascending the English throne, to induce his 
northern subjects to embrace the Anglican ritual. 
With this object in view he began in 1616, or earlier, to 
propose a visit to his native kingdom. Preparations 
for his reception were commenced accordingly. On 
the 18th July 1616, the treasurer was ordained by 
the Privy Council to advance 20,000 marks for the 
works at Stirling, Edinburgh, and Holyrood, in view 
of the king's visit.* 

There was temporary inaction, but as James had at 
length fixed the period of his advent, operations were 
commenced in earnest. On the 4th February 1617 
the Privy Council passed the following Act : 

" Forsamekle as the necessitie of reparatioun and accomplishe- 
ing of his Majesteis worlds at his majesteis pallace of Halyruid- 
hous is so vrgent in respect of the neir approtcheing of the tyme 
appointit for his majesteis comeing heir that choise mon be 
maid of craftismen frome all the pairtis of the cuntrey to furder 
the saidis worke : And thairfoir the Lordis of Secreit Counsall 
ordanis Lettres to be direct chargeing the prouest and baillies of 
the burrowis of Dundie, St Andros, Dysert, Crail, Pittinweme, and 
Johne Scrymgeour of Dudop, constable of Dundie, to compeir 
and to bring, present, and exhibite with thame the personis 
particularlie vnderwrittin nychtbouris and inhabitantis of the 
saidis townis, with thair workloomes, befoir the Lordis of secreit 
counsaU, vpoun the ellevint day of February instant : That is 
to say, the saidis prouest and baillies of Dundee to bring and 
exhibite Andro Wilsoun, maistir maisoun, Thomas Norie, James 

* Privy Council Register. 

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Hunnjnnan, Johne Norie, Dauid Norie, Johne Donaldsoun, 
George Hunnyman, Thomas Buquhannane, and Adam Lowiy, 
maisouis, and Johne Smjrth, painter. The saidis prouest and 
baillies of Dysert to bring and exhibite Thomas Hird, and 
. . . Hird, maissonis, the saidis prouest and baillies of St 
Androis to bring and exhibite Eoger Greene, quheilwrycht, 
Andro Wilsoun, Thomas Wilsoun, Thomas Eobertsoun, Dauid 
Eobertsoun, Hew Phrew, James Phrew, Alexander Miller, 
Thomas Pady, Johne Wilsoune, maissonis, and Dauid Greg, 
painter ; and the prouest and baillies of Pittinweyme to bring 
and exhibite with thame, Johne Cowye, Williame Cowye, and 
Thomas Masoun, maissonis ; and the said Johne Skrymegeour of 
Dudop, to bring and exhibite with him the said Johne Smith, 
painter, yf he be in his company to the effect the saidis craftia- 
men may be imployed in his Majesteis worlds foirsaidis at 
Halyruidhous, quhair thay salbe weele vsed with reddie and 
thankfull payment for thair labour, vnder the pane of rebellioun 
and putting of the prouest and baillies of the burrowis foirsaidis 
and the said Johne Skrymgeour of Dudbp to the home with cer- 
tificatioun to thame, and thay failzet Lettres salbe direct heir- 
opoun to putt thame thairto."* 

The magistrates of Glasgow and Linlithgow were, 
on the 10th of February, charged in like manner 
to supply their quota of workmen. The Privy Coun- 
cil minute proceeds : 

" Forsamekle as the necessitie of perfy teing and accomplishe- 
ing of his majesteis werkis at the Castell of Edinburgh and 
palice of Halyruidhous is verie vrgent in respect of the neir 
approcheing tyme of his majesteis heir comeing as the grittest 
expeditioun and diligence that can be vsit is litle eneugh, and 
the saidis werkis being so necessare for the honour and credite 
of the cuntrey mon be preferrit to all vther werkis of private 
personis, and proficienttis mon be had frome aU the pairtis of the 

* Privy Seal Register, Acta 1615-17, fol. 75. 

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cuntrey to forder and advance the saidis werkis : Thairfore the 
Loidis of secreit counsall ordanis lettres to be direct chairgeing 
the prouest and baillies of Glasgw and Lynlithgw to send to his 
majesteis palice of Halyruidhouse, the personis particularlie 
vnderwrittin, with thair workloomes : That is to say, the said 
piouest and baillies of Glasgow to send in James Eankene, Danid 
Sdaiter, John Eankene, Johne Boyde, Johne Stewart, James 
Richie, and James, Johne, Dauid,maissiones; and the said prouest 
and baillies of Lynlithgw, to send in Nicoll and John Gibsonis, 
maissonis, and at thair comeing to Halyruidhouee, that thay put 
thame selffis to the maister of his majesteis werkis or his deputis 
who attendis the werke at Halyruidhous, whare thay salbe put 
to worke, salbe weele and kyndUe vsit, and sail ressaue honest 
and thankfull payment for thair labouris, within foure dayes 
efter the saidis prouest and baillies beis chairgeit thairto vnder 
the pane of rebellioun," etc.* 

Further edicts were issued on the 20th February, 
in which certain skilled workmen at Culross were 
charged to enter service ; another on the 27th Feb- 
ruary, when James Aytoun and other expert artificers 
at Edinburgh were enjoined at once to repair to 
" Halyruidhous with their workeloomes under pane 
of rebellioun." t 

The king contemplated operations at Holyrood 
Palace which his counsellors in Scotland would 
not have ventured upon. It was his supreme desire 
that the Chapel Eoyal of Scotland, now situated at 
Holyroodhouse, should be specially adapted and fitted 
up for episcopal worship. Towards this end he de- 
spatched artists from London, who were charged 
to wholly renew the Chapel in its interior arrange- 

* Privy Seal Register, Acta 1616-17, fol. 76. f Ibid., fol. 78-80. 

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ments. The existing furniture was to be taken out, 
and all traces of Presbyterian worship obliterated. 
Not only so, but an altar was to be constructed, 
which, richly decorated, was to support elegantly 
sculptured candlesticks and other ornaments. The 
stalls of the prebendaries and choristers were to be 
adorned with carved and gilded figures of the apostles 
and evangelists. The English workmen completed 
their operations in March, as would appear from the 
following entries in the Treasurer's Accounts : 

" The expensis debursit in ms Majesties effairis akd 

OF Marche 1617. 

" Item, to Nicolas Stone, carvar, citiner of Londoim, for making 
of Stall seattis wrocht and enriched in all soirtis with bases, 
fries, comes, armes, figuris, with fair daskis, befoir the saidis 
stallis and seattis within his hienes Chapell Eoyall of the 
palace of Halyrudhous, the sown of iiij*' ^^ sterling as the 
contract, and his acquittance produceit vpoun compt beiris, 
extending in Scottis money to the sowme of . v°* iiij« ^, 

" Item, to Mathow Guidrig, painter, for painting and guilting 
his majesteis Chapell EoyaU in the palace of Halyrudehous 
the sowme of four hundreth merkis sterling money extend- 
ing in Scottis money to the sowme of iij"* ij*^ ^^ as the 
contract and his acquittance produceit vpon compt beiris, 

iij" ij* "^ 

*" Item, to the said Nicoll Stone and Mathow Guidrig, for thair 
awin consideratioun and thair menis drink silver L *"** ster- 
ling money, extending in Scottis money to vj^ "^ as the 
precept and thair acquittance, produceit vpon compt beiris, 

vie Ub " 

The king's procedure in connection with a struc- 

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ture in which his royal mother, amidst the execrations 
of the populace, had been present at mass fifty- 
six years before, was singularly indiscreet. Wild 
rumours spread everywhere, especially among the 
citizens of Edinburgh, that '' the mass would surely 
follow the setting up of images." Bishop Cowper 
apprehended popular violence and a desecration of 
the sacred structure. So along with the archbishop 
of St Andrews and the bishops of Aberdeen and 
Brechin, and several of the ministers of Edinburgh, 
he entreated the king " to stay the affixing of the 
portraits." James expressed indignation. In a 
letter dated '' Whitehall, 13th March," he chided the 
bishops and ridiculed their apprehensions. "Yee 
could," he wrote, " endure the dieuels to be figured for 
ornament of your churches, but can not allow that 
the patriarches and apostles should have like place." 
Then he informed the expostulating ecclesiastics that 
he was independent of their mediation with the 
people, since he remarked, "They have experience 
of Oure favour, and Wee of their love, so as nather the 
one nor the other is to be doubted of." Eeminding 
the bishops of the tumult at Edinburgh, on the 17th 
December 1596,* he sums up, ** The pastor, not the 

* This tumult, long remembered as the Seventeetith of DeoembeTf took 
place at Edinburgh in this fashion :— Against what he termed ^' unlawful 
convocations of the clergy/' James had issued an edict; one Black, a 
Preabyterian minister, was prosecuted for slandering him and his queen ; 
and certain nobles, members of the Romish faith, who had been exiled, 
were allowed to return. So on Friday, the 17th December, some malicious 
person shouted out that certain Presbyterian ministers, who had convened 

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people, is the cause of their misleading; so Wee 
doubte not to giue them contentment, and that at 
Oure being there, they will in such poyntis rather 
trust Vs, and conforme themselues to Oure so well 
warranted desires, nor the passion of any preacher 
there of whatsoeuer degrie." While ventilating his 
indignation, James consented to " stay the erecting 
of the portraits," "not," as he said, "for ease of 
their hearts, or confirming them in their error, but 
because the work could not be done so quickly in 
that kind as was first appointed." Referring to the 
royal epistle in a letter to his friend, Patrick Simson, 
minister of Stirling, dated the 26th of May, Bishop 
Cowper writes, " Concerning images, we have gotten 
them discharged, upon a letter we wrote, subscribed 
by the bishops, Mr Patrik Galloway and Mr Johne 
Hall ; but yit, with a sharpe rebuke and checke of 
ignorance, both from his Majestic and Canterburie,* 
calling our skarring at them scandalum acceptum set 
non datum. We beare the reproofe the more patientlie, 
becaus we have obteaned that which we craved, "t 

in St Giles Church, were about to slay the king, who was then in the 
adjoining structure of the Tolbooth, whereupon a multitude assembled and 
made a prodigious clamour. The demonstration was as pitiable as it was 
uncalled for, and it would have been speedily forgotten but for James's 
own imprudence in seeking revenge for unintended injury. 

* Qeorge Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury, a mild prelate, was used as 
an instrument by James VI. in persuading the Scottish clergy to conform 
to Episcopacy. But the real author of the letter was no doubt William 
Laud, then the king's chaplain. 

t Calderwood's History, vii. 245 ; Spottiswoode's History, iii. 239 ; 
Original Letters, etc., ii. 499. 

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The Scottish authorities were willing that the 
Chapel Royal should not lack in decorations of an 
inoffensive character. Under April 1617, the Trea- 
surer's Accounts present the following entry : 

" Item, to James Kae, merchand burges of Edinburgh, for C5er- 
tane crammassie velvit, Spanies teffitie, and clinking pas- 
mentis, coft &a him, to be ane cloth to hing befoir his 
majestie in the kirk, as the compt with his acquittance 
produceit heirvpoun beiris, . . iij® Ix^** iij* vj**." 

The musical arrangements were also fully attended 
to. The following outlays by the Treasurer are 
entered — the first in May, the second in July : 

"Item, to Mr Dalam, organ maker, in consideratioun of his 
paines and travillis, tuentie angellis, as the precept and 
his acquittance produceit vpon compt beiris, Inde, . 

. j** xxxiij"*> vj» viij^ 

Item, to Alexander Ghisholme and Adam Wallat, musitianes, 
for fumissing to everie ane of thame a suit of apperrell, as 
the precept with his acquittance produceit vpon compt 
beiris, vj^^^V 

On the 16th May 1617, James arrived at Edin- 
burgh, and on the day following, being Saturday, 
choral service in the Chapel Eoyal was celebrated in 
his presence. There, too, was the Holy Communion 
dispensed on Whit-Sunday, the 8th June, when a few 
noblemen and several bishops partook kneeling. 
Bishop Cowper refused to kneel, but at next Easter 
he fully complied with the English ritual.* The 

♦ Calderwood's History, vii. 246, 297. 

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struggle between Church and King, begun in the 
Chapel Royal of Scotland in May 1617, did not termin- 
ate till the Stewart dynasty was dethroned and exiled. 

James proceeded to Stirling, and on the 19th July, 
within the structure of the Chapel Royal there, he 
received a deputation from the University of Edin- 
burgh, the several regents conducting in his presence 
a philosophical debate. In compliment to the dispu- 
tants, the king decreed that the University of the capi- 
tal should be styled " The College of King James." * 

Before the king left Scotland, he, on the advice of 
Laud, gave orders that musical service in the Chapel 
Royal should be conducted daily. The conunand was 
not acted upon. A solitary musical demonstration 
took place on the 19th August, when Bishop Cowper 
baptized a son of John Murray, groom of the bed- 
chamber, afterwards Earl of Annandale. On that 
occasion, writes Calderwood, " there was playing of 
organes, and singing of nuns and boyes, both before 
and efter serinone. The bishope came doun, efter 
sermone, to a table standing in the floore, covered 
with fyne linnen or Cambridge [cambric], where there 
was also a basen of silver and a lawer, with some 
cuppes."t In a letter to his Majesty, dated 15th 
September, Bishop Cowper detailed these occurrences. 
The letter proceeds : 

* Life of King James tlie First, by Robert Chambers, Edinb. 1830, iL 
244, 245. 
t Calderwood's History, vii. 277. 

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" Most Gratious and Sacied Soueraine, 

" Please your Hienes, I have as yet done no service in 
the Chappell, except the baptising of John Murray his sonne, 
where the organes and musitians, four on everie pfl,rt, men and 
boyes, agreit in pleasant harmonie, to the contentment of all, 
becaus they vnderstood what wes soung. The organes hes bene 
too commonlie visited, the organist shew me that the spakes 
that raises the bellowes had bene somewhat vnskilfullie vsed be 
ignorant people. I shew it to my Lord Chancellar,* who hes 
commanded to keip them more carefullie, yet the myce and 
dost of the house will do them evill if convenient coverings be 
not provyded for them in tyme. For this your Maiestie wUbe 
pleased giue direction to the Thesaurar ; as also for interten- 
ment of the Organist, who can both mak and mend and play 
vpon them in ordour, for the rent present the Chappell hes 
wiU scarse sustene the Prebendaries that ar, except the Lordis 
help to restore the living that hes bene taken from it, as I hope 
they win. As for me I see no appearance of a loodging allowed 
for me; four chalmers are offered ''me, wherein a man may not 
poasiblie tume a halbert; they can not conteine the half of my 
fiomilie, and some of them wanting chimneyes, can not be for 
studentes. How the rest of the houses ar disponed, your 
Majestie will leame of others better nor of me. Neither key 
of Chappell nor organe loft is committed to me. I wryt no 
thing be way of complaint, but that your Maiestie, vnderstanding 
how matters ar, may giue direction as best pleases your 
Hienes. Sen everie Minister of the countrey hes a manse at 
his Kirk, I think your Maiesties will shalbe, that your Hienes 
Deane haue ane also, either within or without, convenient for his 
estait Otherway hard to me to wait vpon dailie service there. 
Bot referring all to your Maiesties good pleasure, I humblie tak 
my leaite, and rests your Maiesties humble seruant and dailie 
oratour, William, Bishop of GALLOWAY.f 

*' Cannogait, Septembre 15, 1617. 

'' To his Maiestie." 

* Alexander Seton, Earl of Dunfermline, 
t Original Letters, ii. pp. 509, 610. 

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His complaints being unredressed. Bishop Cowper 
supplicated the king anew. "As to the house/' he 
writes, in April 1818, "your maiestie is informed, the 
Commissioners of your Highnes affigtires bes appointed 
for me, I took my Lord Secretaire to sie it ; the best 
of them [the rooms] is not the lenth of a speare, 
and four of them scarse able to conteine one bed. I 
hope my Lord Secretarie will shew your Maiestie the 
truth. I have committed no fault that I suld be 
shutt vp in a prison, their being larger rowmes anew 
possest by others. Bot that your Maiestie be not 
fashed with such trifSes, if it may be your Highnes 
pleasure to command the Treasurer to discharge me 
on termes taxation. I am bound to pay for Galloway, 
and that for this half yeare onlie. I shall so long as I 
line furnish a house to my self ; and yet more nor this 
is given everie yeare in pension to some preachors. 
In good faith. Sir, I spended that summe in attend- 
ing your Maiestie at your incomming; my self 
and ane other lived at the King's table ; bot my 
retinue vpon my charges, man and horse, six daiUe 
in number." 

Writing in May or June, after mentioning the sum 
he had paid to Gib,* the bishop adds — " It is hard 
for me to giue of my oune poore portion for restitu- 

* Qib was not Batisfied with the sum of 3000 marks paid him for the 
suirender of his grants, for as titular of Dalmellington he continued to draw 
the parsonage tithes of that church. Increasing in wealth as he grew in 
Toyid favour, he was at length, in 1624, dubbed a knight ; he passes from the 
scene as Sir John Gib of Knock (Life and Times of Robert Gibb, by Sir 
George Duncan Gibb, Bart Lond. 1874, 8vo, ii« 50-65). 

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don of the Chappel, and to serue in it without house, 
maile [rent], or stipend ; for in truth I am forced to 
give all to the prsebendaries." ^' 

As the king remained silent, the disappointed 
bishop entreated on his behalf the good offices of 
his friend John Murray. Writing to this influential 
personage on the 10th August 1618, he proceeds : 
" It is verie hard that I suld giue my owne geir to re- 
deme a rent to the Musitians ; for in gud faith I may 
not spend abone an hundreth merkis of our money of 
all the rent of the Chappel in the yeare. And then 
to pay for my house mail three hundreth merkis 
yearhe, and more." t 

Bishop Cowper's request was at length acceded to, 
for on the 9th January 1619, the Privy Council gave 
orders that he should be paid the sum of £1928, 
178. 8d., being arrears on account of house rent. The 
bishop died on the 15th February thereafter, in his 
fifty-third year. 

In a brief autobiography Bishop Cowper relates that 
in his eighth year he was taken by his father from 
Edinburgh to the school of Dunbar, where he remained 
four years. Sent at the age of thirteen to the Univer- 
sity of St Andrews, he there prosecuted his studies for 
three years. Rejecting proposals to enter into busi- 
ness, he proceeded to Hoddesdon, near London, where 
he assisted a fellow countryman named Guthrie in con- 

* Original Letters, ii. 562, 663 ; Ibid,, ii. 558, 559. 
t Original Letters, ii. 572. 

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ducting a school* Afterwards he studied theology at 
London. In his nineteenth year returning to Edin- 
burgh, he became a licentiate of the Church, fie was 
appointed minister of Bothkennar, Stirlingshire, but 
there, owing to " the weaknesse of the soil in winter 
and the unwholesome waters," his health was seriously 
iihpaired. Translated to Perth in 1595, he therQ re- 
mained nineteen years, when he was offered the bishop- 
ric of Galloway. In his biographical sketch he com- 
plains that he suffered through misrepresentation, 
yet it is undeniable that he was one of the forty-two 
ministers who, in 1606, subscribed a protest to Parlia- 
ment against the introduction of Episcopacy, and that 
his subsequent acceptance of a bishopric afforded 
ground for animadversion. Not only so, but if we 
are to credit the author of a contemporary narrative 
respecting the Chapel Royal, he was chargeable with 
providing for his relatives out of church funds under 
his control, without any due regard to the discharge 
of duties for which these funds were made applicable.* 
He was nevertheless imbued with pious sentiment, 
was an erudite theologian and a faithful pastor. His 
theological works, consisting of sermons and exposi- 
tions, collected in 1623 in a folio volume, are com- 
posed in an easy style, and abound in striking illus- 
trations. Among his works is a defence of Epis- 
copal government against the unjust imputations of 
Mr David Hume of Godscroft. 

* Seepo«tea. 

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Among the original documents embraced in that 
volume of Sir James Balfour's Collection, entitled, 
*' Church Affaires from the zeire of God 1610 to the 
zeire 1626," * is a folio manuscript, entitled, " Infor- 
matione anent the first and present esteat of the K. M. 
Chapell Royall." This document, which seems to 
have been prepared as a report on the condition 
of the Chapel, immediately subsequent to Bishop 
Cowper's death, proceeds thus : 

"Bling James the fourt of gude memorie, in the zeir [1501] 
fomidit the Chapell Royall of Sterling, appointing for the fun- 
dation xvL chanonis, nyne prebendaries and sax boyis, with 
yearly rent as followes : The fundation is confirmed be Popis 
Alexander and Julius. 

" The saxtein chanonis, besyd the deane (who had a rent of 
five hundreth mark assigned to him furth of these foundit and 
mortified revenues) ar these — 

1. The subdeane. His rent wes the half of Kirk Inner and 
Barkowen in Gralloway, which payit to him, besyd the service of 
the cure at the kirkis, fourteen scoir markis yeirly, now payis only 
xL mark. Andrew Cowper, brother to the late B of Galloway, is 

** 2. The sacristan, who had the iust vther half of the saidis 
kirkis, payit of old as the vther dilapidat, payis now as the vther 
xL mark zeirly. The said Andro Couper is titular of this also. 

" 3. The chanter ; 4. the Thesaurer ; 5. the Maister of the 
baimia Eche one of these had a rent 100 lib. zeirly furth of S. 
Marie of the Lowis. One William Scot that dwdleth in the 
border is chanter, who can not serve nor will not reside. Mr 
Thomas Gray is Thesaurar — in lyk maner non resident — never 
comis to the ChapeL James Castellaw is Maister of the 
baimis ; he attendis dayly, bot the rent is diminisched to 100 
mark, being first 100 lib. The revenues of this kirk, ar set in 
long taks to the Erie of Bakleugh, worth 2000 lib. zeirly. 
* AdvocAtea Library. MSS. 33, 3, 12. 

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'^ 6. The chanceler, his rent wes the Kirk of Sowthweik, whilk 
now the organist hes. It payes 100 marks be zeir. It had also 
ane kirk in Bute, whilk now payis 50 mark be zeir, and the 
trumpeter Fergison hes it. Thir ar called the sax dignities. 

" 7. The person of Kellis hes now 100 lib. zeirly. A child, 
Thomas Cowper,neyo7 to thelateBi8chop,is titular — can notserve. 

^ 8. The person of Balmaklellan hes only 50 marks ; Patrick 
Dumbar, titular, attends and is skilf uU. 

" 9. The person of Glenwhom hes 50 mark, and hes sold it to 
my L. Wigton. Vaikand. 

" 10. The person callit Air pnmo hes 100 lib. zeirly. The foir- 
said Andro Cowper titular of this also. 

''11. The person of Alloway hes 80 mark zeirly. Another 
chad, James Cowper, nevoy to the late Bischop, is titular, and 
can not serve. 

" 12. The person of Dalmellinton hes 80 mark. Johne Gib his 
ma*** servant is titular. No attendance. 

" 13. The person of Dalrumpill hes 50 mark. Andro Sinklar, 
titular, attendis and is skilfull. 

" 14. Culton now devyded betuix tuo personis, the said James 
Castellaw and Barnard Lyndesay,* his majesties servant ; eche 
of them has xl. lib. zeirly. Barnard Lyndesay can not attend. 

* Bernard lindaay was one of the chamber chielda of James YI. who at- 
tained to special favour. Son of Thomas Lindsay, Seaicher-general of Leith 
and Snowdoon Herald, he received from the kinf( in acknowledgment of 
service a ruinous structure at Leith, called " The King's Work," which he 
substantially renovated. It was granted to Lindsay as a free barony, on the 
condition that one of the cellars was to be kept in repair for holduig wines 
and other provisions for the king's use. When James returned from Den- 
mark with his queen, on the 1st May 1690, they proceeded to the King's 
Work at Leith, where they remained an entire week. Lindsay, it is re- 
corded, constructed a large tennis-court, where the king and notable 
foreigners engaged in recreation. The site of the King's Work is now , 
occupied by the Custom House, and a principal street in Leith is named 
Bernard Street Lindsay is, in Walton's Life of Sir Henry Walton, men- 
tioned as having introduced Sir Henry to James VI. under his assumed name 
of Octavio Baldi, ambassador of the Duke of Florence. Accompanying the 
king to England, he acquired the lands of Lochhill in Edinburghshire, and 
others (Lord Lindsay's lives of the Lindsays, i. 319, 385, 441 ; Acta. Pari. 
Scot iv. 315; Walton's Lives). 

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'' 15 and 16. Creif, having tuo personis foundit, the said Mr 
Thomas Gray one, and a child caUit Henry Mow the vther. 
Eche of them hes 80 marks zeirly. This kirk is set in taks. It 
is worth 22 chalderis zeirly by the Vicarage. 

" Thir ar the xvi chanonis. 

** The nyn prebendars ar, fyve in Strabran, whairof the said 
Patrik Dumbar hath one, and Sthephan Tillidaf the vther four ; 
ilk prebendarie is xx lib. zeirly. The vther four ar in Castellaw, 
whairof the said James Castellaw hath one, William Duncanson 
thatdwelleth into Pole [Poland], another, and James Keith, who 
attendis and is skilfuU, the vther two. Thir prebendis ar worth 
eche of them 35 mark zeirly. 

*' The sax boyis had 90 markis among them, whairof their is 
none this day ; and of all the xvi chanonis and nyn prebendis, 
only sevin attendis, and hes no meanes, so that only they sing 
the common tune of a Psalme, and, being so few, ar skarse 

" Item, thair is aikeris besyde Sterling, called the Saploch,* 
foundit and perteining to it, bot hes never payit this long 

" Item, 312 lib. zeirly forth of Eintyr and Loquhaber, pajrit 
ever till of late zeiris. 

" Thir abonewritten kirkis and rentis are reknit in the fimda- 
tion to have payit to the chapell then in the 1501 zeir 2000 
lib. zeirly, whilk is more then ten thousand lib. now, and this 
day payis only tuell hundreth lib., and most of it to non 

** Bemedies. 

"First To restore the 312 lib., whilk wes duly payit forth of 
Loquhaber and Eintyre furth of the king's duties all the dayis 

* Raploch, a place where archery was practised, as the name implies, is 
situated at the western baae of Stirling Rock ; it is occupied by a modem 
hamlet. On the 22d August 1607, Archibald Cunnyiighame of Ladyland 
was served heir of Robert Cimnynghame, his father, in fourteen acres of 
land at Raploch, commonly called Preistia Akris, lying near the castle of 
Stirling ( Inq. SpeeiaUs Stirling, No. 60). 

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of King James the fourt and fyft, and of late ceased, these 
boundis ceasing to be ciuill, whilk now, blessed be God, is 
vtherwayes, and suld be restored. 

" Secondly. To assay be course of law to repair the dilapidat 
estait of this benefice, diminution of rentall being so evident, 
and be the lawis of Scotland a clear irritation of ane tak; 
besyd that, these talds wanting the patron his consent (who is 
his majestic), can not subsist, and to this effect to writ to my 
lord advocat and Secretar to have a cair herein as of his Majesties 
proper service. 

•" Thirdly. Seing thair hes been mortified to the chapell 
besyd the abone written rentis, evin in the fundation, the pryorie 
of Eestenot,* the prebendaries of Spot, Belton, Duns, Pinkarton, 
lyand within the college kirk of Dumbar, Kinkaim in Mar, 
Pettie Brachly and Duthell in Murray, EUam and Cranschawis 
in Lamermuir, all this as conteined in the fundation, — Item, 
be act of parliament the pryorie of Coldingame is annexat 
to the chapell, of all whilkis the chapell hes nothingf to 
try (seeing the titulars of the chapell hes never renuncit these 
kirkis and benefices) how they are lost, and [that] either by 
law or composition some zeirly dutie may be had furth of 

''Lastly. If no better meanes can be had, a new fundation 
must supplie it, or els all will cease. And a howse to the Dean 
to dwell in wald be giuen, or to pay the meill [rent] of it, as 
wes befoir.** 

By an Act of Parliament, passed in 1606, which 
recalled alienations of land that had formerly be- 
longed to the institution, an exception was made in 
favour of Walter, Lord Scott of Buccleuch, in respect 
of the church of St Mary Lowes, in Ettrick Forest. 

* Roseneath ia heie meant. 

t The annexation of Coldingham Priory with the Chapel Bojal, though 
legally proceeded with, was not practically earned out. 

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Consequent on that exception, there proceeded under 
the Privy Seal, in 1612, a royal letter, ratifying to 
Walter, Lord Scott of Buccleuch,* a lease of the 
temds provided for his predecessor. That document 
is of the foUov^ring import : 

''Ane lettre maid, ratefeand, and approwand, and for bis 
maiestie and his successores, perpetuallie confirmand the tak and 
assedatioun maid, set, and grantit be William Scott, Chanter of 
his hienes Chapell Eoyalle of Striuiling, Mr Thomas Gray, 
thesaurer thairof, and James Castellaw, Maister of the sax bairnis 
of ye samyne Chapell, with consent of the prebendaris and 
chapter of the said Chapell royall, and of Mr James Gray, 
maister thairof, and commissionar for his maiestie in that pairt ; 
to vmquhile Sir Walter Scot of Branxholme, knyght, thairefter 
styllit Walter, Lord Scott of Bukglugh, and to his airis maill 
beirand the amies and surname of Scott, and thair assignayis 
quhatsumever, ane or ma off all and sundrie the teynd schevis, and 
utheris teyndis, fruittis, rentis, proffeittis, proventis, emoluments, 
and dewties quhatsumever, baithe greit and small, baithe per- 
sonage and viccarage, of the paroche kirk and parochin of Sanct 
Marie kirk of Lewis, lyand in Ettrick forrest, and within the Shir- 
refdome of [Selkirk], and of aU landis, rowmes, and possessionis 
within the samyne, for all the dayes, yeiris, termes, and space of 
the lyfbime of the said vmquhile Sir Walter, and efter his deceis, 
for all the dayes, yeiris, space, and termes of nyntene zeiris, and 
efter the ische of the saidis nynetene zeiris, for all the dayis, 
zeiiis^ space, and termes of the second nynetene zeiris; and 
eft«r the ische of the saidis second nynetene zeiris, ffor all the 
dayes, space, zeiris, and termes of the thrid uther nynetene zeiris 
successive nlxt efter the entrie of the said vmquhile our traist 
cousing and counsallour Walter, Lord Scott of Bukglugh, and 

* Sir Walter Scott of Buccleuch, a man of great courage and devoted 
potiiotisin, was a meritoriona favourite of James VI. He was, on the 16th 
May 1606, ndsed to the peerage by the title of Lord Scott of Buccleuch. 

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his forsaidis thairto, quhilk was and begane at the dait vnder- 
written of the said tak and assedatioun, for payment of certane 
zeirlie dewtie thairin contenit as the samyne, of the dait, at 
Edinburgh, the fourtene day of September, the zeir of God jm 
V]^ and thrie zeires, at mair lenth proportis in all and snndrie 
pointis, passis, heidis, articlis, claussis, and conditionis and cir- 
comstancis quhatsumever thairin contenit, efter the forme and 
tennor thairof, with all that hes followit or may follow thairvpone: 
Attoure our said Soverane Lord willis and grantis, and for his 
maiestie and his successors decemis and ordaines, that this his 
hienes present ratificatioun is, and sals be, as valide, eifectuall, 
and sufficient in aU respectis to his hienes traist cousing Walter, 
now Lord Scott of Bukglugh, sone and air to the said vmqohile 
Walter, Lord Scott of Bukglugh, his airis maill and assignayia, 
for bruiking and joysing of the teyndis, als weiU personage and 
viccarage abonewritt, during the haiU lyftymes, zeirs, and space 
abone specifeit, contenit in the said Tak and assedatioun, to rin 
as gif the samyne Tak had bene sett with consent of cure said 
soverane lord, and hed bene subscryuit be his Maiestie, and 
seillit with his hienes previe seill, at the dait abone written of 
the said tak and assedatioun, &c., At Edinburgh, the last day 
of December, the zeir of (Jod Jm vi® and Tuelff zeiris : Com- 
positio fourtie merkis." Ptr signcUti/ram. * 

The instrument by which Bishop Cowper, as Dean 
of the Chapel Royal, ratified the preceding mandate, 
contains additional information as to the officers 
of the institution and on other points, and is there- 
fore here presented without abridgment : 

" Be it kend till aU men be thir present Lettres, we, William, 
be ye mercie of God Bishop of Galloway and of the Chappell 
Boyall of Striveling, with advyse and consent of our chapter, 
channonis, and prebendaris of the said Chappell Boyall, for greit 

♦ Privy Seal Register, Ixzzli, fol, 83, 

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and weightie causes and considerations moveing us theirto, To 
have ratifeit, approvin, and perpetuallie confeinnet^ and be the 
tennor heirof ratifies, approvis, and perpetuallie confeirmes 
thai Lettres of tak and assedatioun, maid and grantet be 
William Scott^ chantour of the said Chappel Eoyall of Strivil- 
ling, Mr Thomas Gray, Thesaurer yairof, and James Castellaw, 
maister of the sax betimis of the samyn Chappell, all three 
dewlie provyded respectiue to the personage and viccarage of 
the parochyn and paroche kirk of Sanct Marie kirk of ye Lowis, 
lyand in Attrick Forreste, within the Shreiffdome of [Selkirk] 
and haveand guid richt respective to ye teyndis, fruites, rentis, 
dewties, profeitis, proventis, comodities, and emolumentis per- 
tening to the saidis personage and vicarage, to umquhil Walter 
Lord Scot of Balcleuche, stylet for the tyme Sir Walter Scot of 
Branxholme, Enycht, and his airis maill beirand the airmes 
and surname of Scott, and yair assigneyis quhatsumever, ane or 
mair, of all and sindrie the teynd schaves, and uther teyndis, 
fruitis, rentes, profeites, proventis, emolumentis, and dewties 
quhatsumever, baith greit and small, alsweill personage as vicar- 
age, of the said paroche kirk and parochin of Sanct Marie Kirk 
of Lowis, lyand as said is, and of all landis, rowmes, and pos- 
sessiounis within the samyn, for all the dayis, yeiris, and termes 
of the lyftyme of the said umquhill Walter Lord Balcleuche, and 
after his deceis for all the dayis,yeiris,space,and termes of nynteine 
yeiris, and efter the ische of the saidis nynteine yeiris, for all the 
dayi9, space, and termes of the second uther nynteine yeires, for 
all the dayis, space, and termes of the thrid and uther nynteine 
yeiris successive next efter the entrie of the said umquhill Walter 
Lord Balcleuche, and his foresaidis yairto, quhilk were and 
began at the dait underwrittin of the foresaide tak, and yairefter 
to indure during the lyftyme of the said umquhill Walter Lord 
Balcleuche, and after his deceis, during the saidis thryse thrie 
and tryple nynteine yeiris successive, ay and quhiU the saidis 
lyftyme and lyfrent of the said umquhill Walter Lord Balcleuche, 
and yairefter the saidis thrie and tripell nynteine zeiris succes* 
fiive be fullillie compleit and outrune but interval or inter- 
niptioun, for payment zeirlie of the particular dewties respective 

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underwritten, viz., to the said William Scot^ cliantour foresaid, 
and his successouris chantonris of the said Chappel Boyall, that 
happenis to be dewlie provydid, and to have guid richt respec- 
tive as said is of the sowme of ane hundreth pundis guid and 
usuall money of this realme of Scotland, and to the saide Mr 
Thomas Gray, Thesaurer foirsaid, and his successouris Tliesau- 
reris of the said Chappell Eoyall that happenis to be dewlie 
provydet, and to have guid richt respective as said is of the 
sowme ane uther hundreth puTidis money foirsaid, and to the said 
James Castellaw, maister of the saidis sax bairnes, and his 
successouris maisteris of the saidis sax bairnes that happenis to 
be dewlie provydit, and to have guid richt respective as said is 
of the sowme of ane hundreth merkis money abone written, at 
four termis in the zeir, Beltane, Lambis, alhalowmeis, and Candil- 
mes, be equall poirtionis alanerlie, and als the said umquhile 
Walter Lord Balcleuche and his foirsaidis, relevand thame and 
thair saidis successouris, at the handis of the viccar peusionair of 
the said kirk for the tyme, of all maillis and dewties quhilk he 
may clame furth of the samyn zeirlie duiringthe spaces foirsaidis, 
in oniewayis siclyk, and in the samyn manor als the said umquhill 
Walter Lord Balcleuche, and his predecessouris, takismen, and 
possessouris of the fruits of the said paroche kirk did of befoir, 
quhilk tak is of the dait, at Edinburgh, the fourteine day of Sep- 
tember, the zeir of God Jaj vj® and thrie yeiris, and sicklyk 
ratifies, approvis, and perpetuallie confeirmes that letter of con- 
firmation under the privie Seill, granted be our Soverane Lord 
the Kingis Majestic, of the foresaid uther letter of tak, quhilk 
confirmatioun and ratificatioun foirsaid is of the dait the last day 
of December, the zeir of God Jaj vj** and tweK zeiris : In all 
and sundrie heidis, poyntis, clausses, articleis, and conditiounis 
specifeit and conteinit in the foirsaidis lettreis of tak and ratifi- 
catioun thairof abovewritten : Attour we will and grant, and for 
us and our successouris declair and ordainis, that thir our Lettres 
of ratificatioun and confirmatioun abovewritten ar and salbe as 
guid, valeid, and effectual to ane nobill and potent Lord Walter, 
now Lord Scot of Balcleuche, sone and air of the said umquhill 
Walter Lord Scot of Balcleuch, his father, and to his aires 

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inaill, assignejrisi and snccessouris, as gif the foirsaidis lettres of 
tak and confirmatioun tharof above specifiet were bereintill at 
lenth et de verbo in verbum ingrost and set down : As also that 
je foirsaidis lettres of tak and confirmatioun of the samyn hes 
bene, bt, and salbe guid, valide, effectually and sufficient richtis 
and securities to the said nobill Lord and his foirsaidis for 
bruiking, joysing, collecting, using, and disponing upoun the 
above written teyndis, baith personage and viccarage, of the 
foirsaid parochin of Sanct Marie Eirk of Lewis during the haill 
zeiris, space, and tyme mentionat in the saidis lettres />{ tak, 
provyding nevertheles that we, the said William Bishop of Gal- 
loway, be na maner of way obleist in warrandice tharof, but fra 
our owin propper fact and deed allenarUe, and for the mair 
securitie we ar content and consentis that yir presentis be 
ingrost and registrat in the bukis of cunsall ad futuram rei 
memoriam, and to that effect constitutis 

onr prouris, &c. In witness quhairof to thir presentis (quhilk 
ar writtin be James Hardie, servitor to Ion Gilmour, Wryter), 
sabscrybet be us the said William Bishop of Galloway, and als 
be our said Chaptour, Channonis, and prebenderies of the said 
Chappell Koyall, our awin propper seill, togidder with the said 
Chaptour seill, ar appendit, at Edinburgh and 
the secund day of Apryll and dayis of 

the zeir of God Jaj vj« and seventeen zeiris, before thir witnesses, 
Andio Scot, chirurgeone burges of Edinburgh ; the saidis Jon 
Gibnour, and James Hardie, and Mr James Scot, our servitor, 
and witnesses to other subscriptionis. (Signed) Guilielmus, 
Candid^e casae and capellse regise Sterlingen, eps ; Williame Scott, 
Chantor ; J. Duncanson, prebendar of Castellaw ; Couper, 

prebendar of Kirkynner; Johne Chrainthall, prebendar of 
£elli8; W. Murray, person of Crieff; Mr Thomas Gray, The- 
saurer of his majesties chappell ; James Castellaw, Maister of the 
baimis; John Eoss, prebendar of Strabran consentis; Patrik 
Dunbar, ane of the prebendaries of the Chappell Boyall, callit 
ane of ye prebendaris of Strathbran; Andro Scot, Witness; J. 
Gilmour, Witness ; Mr James Scott, Witness ; J. Hardie, Wit- 

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ness; Gilbert Watt, Witness to the subscriptioaii of William 
Scott, chantoor." * 

To the conjunct offices of Bishop of Galloway and 
Dean of the Chapel Royal, Andrew Lamb, Bishop 
of Brechin, and formerly " Minister of the King's 
House," was appointed in 1619 in succession to 
Bishop Cowper. Lamb's earlier history has been 
related. Owing to feeble health, or in terms of the 
royal wish, he, after holding the deanery two years, 
demitted it, when an important change was effected. 
The office of dean, so long associated with the see of 
Galloway, was separated from it, and united with 
the bishopric of Dunblane. The precept for a char- 
ter of the office and its emoluments in favour of Adam 
Bellenden, Bishop of Dunblane, dated at Theobalds, 
16th July 1621, narrates that partly owing to the 
absence of the deans of the Chapel Royal of Stirling, 
and partly because of the great distance of the 
bishopric of Galloway from the Chapel, divine service 
had of late years been rarely performed therein, and 
that the Bishop of Galloway could not conveniently 
attend thereto, and had therefore, with consent of 
the chapter of his diocese, demitted his office of dean 

* No. 48 in Process, Deans of the Chapel Royal v, Johnstone and Otheis, 

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into the king's hands. Therefore, with advice of the 
lords of the Privy Council, the king detached the 
deanery jfrom the bishopric of Galloway and from the 
Crown, and erected the same into a separate benefice, 
to be designated the Deanery of the Chapel Royal : 
And whereas John Murray of Lochmaben had resigned 
the lands and barony of Dundrennan and other lands 
which belonged to the abbacy, together with an 
annual rent of ten chalders of victual out of the lands 
of Markill* and Traprane, in the constabulary of 
Haddington, which was disponed by the deceased 
Francis, Lord of Bothwell, and Lady Margaret Doug- 
las^ his spouse^ to the late Mr Thomas Craig, advo- 
cate, and Helen Heriot, his spouse : Therefore his 
ii^j^ty gives^ mortifies, and unites the said lands 
and annual rent to the deanery of the Chapel Boyal ; 
and constitutes Adam, Bishop of Dunblane, dean 
thereof, to hold of the Crown, for rendering prayers 
and supplications to God Almighty for the happiness 
and good estate of the king and his successors, and 
performing divine service at all times requisite in the 
Chapel Royal ; also the sum of 300 merks Scots, and 
to provide the elements necessary for the communion 
in the said church. The bishop of Dunblane and his 
successors were bound to pay to the ministers serv- 

* The rents accruing from these lands will be subsequently referred to. 
In 1606 a considerable part of the land which originally belonged to the 
monastery of Markhill or Markle, in the parish of Prestonkirk and county 
of Haddington, was resumed by the Crown, and by Act of Parliament an- 
nexed to the Chapel RoyaL 

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ing iu the church of Dundrennan a yearly stipend of 
two chalders of oatmeal.* 

The annexation of the Chapel Royal to the bishop- 
ric of Dunblane having been sanctioned by the 
Parliament, which assembled on the 4th August 
1621,f the Privy Council proceeded to recover firom 
the widow of Bishop Cowper the charters and Other 
writs of the institution. Bearing the documents en- 
trusted to her late husband, Mrs Cowper appeared 
before the Privy Council on the 8th March 1621-2. 
The relative proceedings are thus set forth in the 

" Apud Edinburgh, Octauo Martii 1621. Sederunt — Chan- 

cellair, Thesaurair, Wyntoun, Melros, Lauderdaill, 

L Erskine, Carnegie, Mr of Elphinstoun, Previe Seale, 

Thesaurair-depute, Justice-Clerk, Aduocat, Kilsythe, 

Bruntyland, Marchinstoun, Innerteill, Ridhous, Currie- 

hill, Fostersait, Sir Andro Ker, Sir Peter Young, Con- 


" The quhilk day, in presence of the Lordis of Secret Coun- 

saill, compeirit personallie Grissell Andersoun, relict of vmqu- 

hile William, Bishop of Galloway, and for obedience of the 

chairge execute aganis her at the instance of Adam, Bishop of 

Dunblane, Deane of his Maiesties Chappell, sho produceit and 

exbibite befoir the saidis Lordis the bullis register and euidentis 

of his Maiesties chappell, qubilkis wer in hir lait hnsbandis cus- 

todie and keiping, and quhilkis wer deljoieret to him vpoan 

inventair, and his acquittance be command and directioun of 

the saidis Lordis, quhilkis bullis register and euidentis being 

consignit in the handis of the clerk of his Maiesties coimsaill, 

♦ Privy Seal Register, xxix., fol. 182. 

t Acta Pari Scot., iv. 649. 

t Privy Council Register, Jan. 1621 to Mar. 1626, vol. 12 

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the saidis Lord ordainis and commandis him to delyiier the satue 
vpoun inuentair and acquittance to the said Adam, Bishop of 
Dunblane, Dean of his Maiesties chappell, to be keipt be him as 
Deane of the chappell in tyme comeing, and to be maid furth- 
comeand be him to his successouris, anent the delyuerie quhairof 
thir presentis with the said bishop his acquittance salbe vnto 
the said clerk of the counsaill ane warrand." 

In the following minute of the Privy Council the 

delivery of the documents to Bishop Bellenden is 

circumstantially recorded : 

**Apud Edinburgh, decimo tertio Martii 1621. Sederunt 
— Chancellair Preuie Scale Melros, Thesaurair-depute 
Lauderdaill, Justice-Clerk, Marchinstoun, L. Erskine, 
Aduacat, Sir Andro Ker, Carnegie, Kilsaithe, Sir Peter 
Young, Mr of Elphinstoun, InuerteilL 
" The quhilk day, in presence of the Lordis of Secrett Coun- 
saill, compeirit Mr Bobert Naime, aduocat, as procuratour for 
Adam, Bishop of Dunblane, Deane of his Maiesties chappell, and 
gaif in the acquittance vnderwritten subscryued with the said 
bishop his hand, desiring the same to be insert and registratt in 
the bookis of Secreit counsell ad futuram rei memoriam, quhilk 
desire the saidis Lordis finding resounable thay haif ordanit and 
ordanis the said acquittanis to be insert and registrat in the 
saidis bookis off the quhilk the tennour followis: I, Adam, 
Bishop of Dunblane, Deane of his Maiesties chappell, be the 
tennour heirof grantis me to haif ressauit fra James Primrois, 
clerk of his Maiesties counsell, the Begister bullis lettres and 
writtis ynderwrittin, quhilkis wer produceit and exhibite befoir 
the Lordis of Secreit Counsaill vpoun the aucht day of Marche 
instant, be Grisell Andersoun, relict of umquhile William, Bishop 
of Grftlloway, laite deane of the said chappell, for obedience of 
the chairge execute against hir to that effect, and be the saidis 
Lordis decreit and sentence wer ordanit to be deljoierit vpoun 
inuentiar to me as the said decreit bearis. 

•* Ane comnussioun maid and gevin be Pope Alexander [the 
sixth to the ab]bottis of Ualiruidhous and Scoone and Archideane 

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of Lo[thian for the erectijoun of the Chappell Koyallof Stniiling 
in ane colledge [be means of] the mortificatioun and vnioun of 
certane dewteis to the oute of Bestennett the kirk of 

Dunbar and otheris. The said [commissioun] beareing daite at 
Boome the saxt of the nones of May [J v^ and ane] and in the 
nynt yeir of his Popedoome. 

'' Ane confirmatipun maid be the said Pope Alexander of the 
erectioun of the said colledge kirk^ with the mortificatiounis and 
vniouns thairin contenit daitit at Boome the xxvj of the kalen- 
diB of May Jm vc and tua in the tent yeir of his Popedooma 

" Ane erectioun of a conseruatorie for the said colledge kirk, 
maid and gevin be the said Pope Alexander quhairby the Abbot- 
tis of Haliruidhouse Cambnskynneth and Paislay or ony of 
thame wer appointit to be conseruatouris of the said colledge, 
daitit at Boome the said saxteene of May Jm v^ and tua in the 
tent year of his Popedoome. 

" Ane vnioun or applicatioun of the fruitis of channonreis and 
prebendaryis of the kirkis of Air, Creiff, Eincairdin, PetUe 
Bracklie, and Duchall, to the Chappell Boyall of Striuiling, maid 
be the said Pope Alexander the saxt at Boome £he saxteene of 
the kalendis of May Jm v^ and tua in the tent yeir of his Pope- 

** Ane commissioun maid and gevin be the said Pope Alexan- 
der the saxt to the Abbottis of Cambuskynneth, Paislay, and 
Archideane of St Androis, ffor assisting of the Deane and Chap- 
tour of the Chappell Boyall of Striuiling in the peceable posses- 
sioun of the foirsaidis vnited kirkis, daitit at Boome the saxteen 
of the kalends of May Im v* and tua in the said tent yeir of his 

'' Ane Batificatioun maid be Pope Julius the secund of the 
vnioun of certain Channonreis and Prebendaryis of Dunbar, 
Bahnaclellane, Bute Forrest, and EUem, to the Chappell Boyall 
of Striuiling, with ane vnioun to the same chappell of the fruitis 
of the Channonrie and Prebendarie of Creiff, daitit at Boome 
pridie nonas Junij Jm vc and foure in the first yeir of his Pope- 

" Ane Confirmatioun maid be the said Pope Julius the secund 

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of the vnioun of Eirkinner to the said chappell, and contening 
ane new vnioun thairof, daitit at Eoome pridie nonas Junii Jm 
7« and foure in the first yeir of his Popedoome. 

^ Ane Commissioun maid and gevin be the said Pope Julius 
the secund to the Abbotis of Scoone, Dunfermlyne, and Cambus- 
kynneih, for erectioun and establisheing of ane thesaurarie and 
ten Channonreis to the Chappell of Striuiling, datit at Boome 
pridie nonas Junij Jm vc and foure in the first yeir of his Pope- 

" Ane Bull of the said Pope Julius the secund, ordaining and 
appointing the Bischop of Galloway to be Deane of the Chaip- 
pell Boyall of Striuiling, daitit at Boome the fyft of the nones of 
Julij Jm v^ and foure in the first yeir of his Popedoome. 

" Ane vnioun maid be the said Pope Julius the secund of the 
Priorie of Bestenneth and Inchemahomo, and of the Prouestrie 
of linduden to the Chappell Boyall of StriuUing, daitit at Boome 
the thrid of the nones of Junij Jm V and aucht in the fyft yeir 
of his Popedooma 

'' Ane Bull and Lettre quhairby Pope Julius the secund de- 
ceimit and ordanit the Bischop of Galloway as Deane of the 
Chappell Boyall of Striuiling to haif the hail iurisdictioun, 
richtis, and preuiledges ouer the kirkis vnite to the said chappell, 
whilk the ordinarie had befoir the vnion, daitit at Boome the 
saxt of the Ides of September Jm y^ and aught in the fyft yeir 
of his Popedoome. 

*' Ane Begister booke of parchement, with trie brodis couerit 
with broun ledder, contening fiftie-three leavis of parchment, 
quhaiiof fiftie-one leavis are markit be the said James Prymrois, 
and the first and last leavis of the said Begister are vnmarkit, 
haveing no thing writtin thairupoun, and of the leavis that ar 
merkit the threttie nyne leaffe and the fourtie leaffe hath no 
thing writtin vpoun thame : In the quhilk Begister the parti- 
cidar BuUis Lettres and Writtis being quotit and intitulat as 
thay ar heir sett doun ar insert and registratt 

'' Processus super erectione ecclesise collegiatee de Striuiling, 
begynning at the first leaffe of the said register and ending 
at the aucht leafe thairof. 

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" Confirmatio erectionis ecclesise Collegiatfie de Striuiling cum 
erectione cantoriae, begynnand at the nynt leaffe and ending 
at the threttene leaffe of the said Begister. 

" Conseruatoria ecclesisB CoUegiateB de Striuiling begynnand 
at the fourteene leaffe and ending at the saxtene leaffe of the 
said Begister. 

" Vnio ecclesiae de Kirkinner begynnand at the saxteen [leaffe 
and] ending at the nyneteen leaffe of the said Begister. 

" Secunda applicatio sive vnio fructuum de Creif et g 
darum de Dunbar et ecclesiarum de EUem Bute et Balma* 
[clellan begyn]nand at the nyneteene leaffe and ending at the 
xxiii leaffe. 

" Constitutioprocuratorum ad prestandum consensum rector[i3] 
de Ejrkinner et ad resignandum post vnionem factam begyn- 
nand at the xxiii leaffe and ending at the 24 leaffe of the said 

*' Instrumentum publicum super resignatione de Kirkinner 
vnder the signum and subscriptioun of Thomas Kirkaldy, preist 
and notoir, begynnand at the 24 leaffe and ending at the 25 leaffe 
of the said Begister. 

" C!omniissio ad erigendum thesaurariam et decem canonicatus 
et prebendas, begynnand at the 25 leaffe and ending at the 27 
leaffe of the said Begister. 

" Confirmatio vnionis ecclesisB de Eorkinner, begynnand at the 
27 leaffe and ending at the 28 leaffe of the said Begister. 

" Applicatio prima fructuum de Air, Kincairdin, Creif, et Pettie 
Brachlie, begynnand at the 28 leaffe and ending at the 31 leafie 
of the said Begister. 

" Bulla si inquidentem, begynnand at the 32 leaffe and ending^ 
at the 33 leaffe of the said Begister. 

" Conseruatio penes applicationem fructuum de Air, Kincar- 
dine, Creif, et Pettie Brachlie, begynnand on the 34 leaffe and 
ending at the same leaffe of the said Begister. 

** Ornamenta Jocalia et voluminaquehabenturin ecelesia Col- 
legiata beatas Manse et Sancti Michaelis de Striuiling et ponua- 
tur sub firma custodia discreti viri Magistri Dauidis Trail sacrists^ 
dicte ecclesise quarto die mensis Novembris de anno domini miI-> 

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lesimo quiDgentesimo quinto, begynnand at the 35 leafife and 
ending at the 38 leaffe of the said Begister, Preuilegiurn familia- 
rium Kegis et Eeginse, grantit be Pope Julius the Secund the 
fyft of the nones of Julij jm v* and foure, begynnand at the 41 
leaffe and ending at the 42 leaffe of the said Eegister. 

" Matatio decani ecclesise Collegiatse de Striuiling, begynnand 
the 42 leaffe and ending at the 43 leaffe of the said Begister. 

" Confinnatio bullae super funeralia Jura eclesiastica et Juris- 
dictione ecclesiarum vnitarum, begynnand at the 44 leaffe and 
ending at the 46 leaffe of the said Begister. 

'* Bulla super funeralia Jura ecclesiastica et Jurisdictione ec- 
clesiarum vnitarum maid be Pope Julius the Secund, at Borne, 
the saxt day of Ides of September jm v^ and aucht, begynnand 
at the 47 leaffe and ending at the 49 leaffe of the said 

" Ane lettre quhairby Henrie Bischop of Galloway and Deane 
of the Chappell Eoyall of Striuiling, with consent of the chan- 
nonis, ordanit the erectioun of the Kirk of Creiff to be insert in 
the Register of the said chaippell be Deane Johnne Lambert, 
keepair of the said Begister. The said Lettre bearis dait the 
first of December jm v° xxxvj, and is writtin on the fiftie leaffe of 
the said Begister. 

" Ane Instrument maid and consaved in favouris of Deane 
Johnne Broun, Yicair Pensionair of Creiff, anent the augmenta- 
tioun of his pensioun whilk he had oute of the Kirk of Creiff. 
The said Instrument bearis dait the fyft of Marche jm v*' and 
ellevin, and begynnis at the fiftie leaffe and endis at the fiftie 
ane leaffe of the said Begister. 

Off the qnhilkis particulair bullis, lettres, wiittis, and Begister, 
I, the said Adam, Bishop of Dunblane, grantis the ressett, and 
exoneris and dischargeis the said James Prymrois, the said Gris- 
sell Andersoun, and the airis and executouris of tlie said laite 
Bishop of the same for euer : And oblissis me and my airis to 
keepe the same suirlie for the vse and behoove of me and my 
Buccessouris, Deanis of the Chappell, and to mak the same 
forthecomeand to thame quhen it saU pleis God to appoint the 
tyme : And for the mair securitie I am content and consentis 

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that this present Inventair conteiimg my discharge, as said is, 
be insert and registratt in the Bookis of Preuie Counsaill ad 
futuram rei memoriam, and for registring heirof constitutis Mr 
Robert Naime my procuratouiis : In Witnes quhairo^ I haif 
subsciyruit thir presentis, with my hand, at Edinburgh, the xiij 
day of Marche, the yeir of God jm vj^ and tuentie ane yeiris, 
befoir thir witnesses, James Bellenden, my eldest sone, Lau- 
rence Keir and Johnne Aitkine, seruitouris to the said James 
Prymrois : Sic subscribitur, Ad. B of Dunblane, James Bellen- 
den, witnes ; Laurence Keir, witnes ; Johnne Aitkyn, witnes." * 

With a zeal not less warm than that evinced by his 
predecessor, Bishop Bellenden sought to restore the 
Chapel Eoyal to its former opulence. In a letter to 
the king, dated from the Canongate, the 17th May 
1623, and despatched to court by Mr James Law, 
treasurer of the institution, the Bishop w?ites : 

" The estait of the Chapell Roiall being well foundit for the 
tyme be your Maiesties most worthie predecessors, hes resauit 
suche mine sen the Reformation by most schamefoll dilapida- 
tions as hes bene seen be those that at your Maiesties command 
hes visited the samin ; for their wer foundit saxtein Prebendaries 
besyd the Deane, and nyne boyes, whilk had a reasonable pro- 
vision assigned them above thre thowsand lib., Scottish money, 
be yeir, whilk now will not be twell hundreth libs., Scottish 
money yearly. Your Maiestie hes sufficiently provydlt the 
Deane his dutie, and for the prebendaries, what remedie can be 
had to recover ony pairt be law saU be assayed. The best 
meanes to supplie the rest is by mortifieing of some church rent 
whilk is at your Maiesties gift as yet vndisponit to the vse of the 
Chappell, for by this course your Maiesties patrimonie is not 
burdenit, and in the searche of these church levingis that re- 
mainis vnerectit, the beirar, Mr James Law, hes made grit 
searche, and taken panes to try owt the samin, with some vther 

* Privy Council Register, Jan. 1621 to Mar. 1625, fol. 13. 

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orertures for the bettering of the Chapell, whilk I wald your 
Maiestie might be pleased to consider, etc." * 

With his wonted impetuosity, James sanctioned 
Bishop Bellenden's proposal, by granting a signature 
authorising the members of the Chapel Boyal to 
receive the firuits of other chaplainries, prebendaries, 
^ and altarages throughout the kingdom. As such a 
royal order was likely to excite much disafiFection, Sir 
Alexander Napier, the Treasurer-Depute, in a letter 
dated 1st August 1623,t entreated the king to rescind 
it It was rescinded accordingly. 

Unaware of the counter movement, the bishop- 
dean and the prebendaries re-despatched to court 
their treasurer, James Law, t with a memorial to the 
.king renewing their request. This memorial, dated 
5th August [1623], set forth that several of their 
number had only three pounds sterling by the year, 
others no recompense whatever, adding, "the haiU 
rent dew to ws all not exceiding ane hundreth merkis 
sterling." The memorialists then thanked the king 
for his own " royall and religious dispositioun for re- 
paireing the breaches thereof, especiallie in such a 
tyme when the erecting of it finds so vniversall ane 
oppositioun and contradiction of all sorts of people, 
fipom the highest to the tumultuarie vulgar." They 
next refer to the king's inclination " to re-erect the 

♦ Origmal Letters, p. 716. f iWe£., p. 720. 

X Mr James Law was, it is conjectured, the eldest of the three sons of 
James Law, Archbishop of Glasgow. See Appendix for a letter addressed 
hj Law to the king. 


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(same by his maiesties own hand,«no less by doting 
thereto a competent mantenance than by building a 
princelie and glorious fabrick" A prayer follows for 
the better endowment of the institution, the memo- 
rialists desiring to have conferred upon it '' benefices, 
chaplanries, and certane i^mall few dewties of kirk- ' 
lands/' which are described as being " of sa litle value 
and so troublesome to be collected, that few or nane 
of them are in vse to pay any dewtie in your Maiesties 
Exchecker, at the least have bene of the nature of 
cancealled dewties." The memorial is subscribed by i 
these sixteen members of the institution : 

Eo. Wynram.* An. Cowper. AA B. of Danblane i 

Mr James Law. S'. James Keith. and Deane of the 

J. Laurie. S. Tullideff. ChapeU EoialL 

Eobert Eos. J. Castellaw. Walter Troupe. 

A. Hay. Mr Ja. WelanA Patrik Dunbar. 

Eo*. Weir. Humphray Watson. Johne Watsone. 

To the prayer of this memorial, James, with his 
usual lack of consideration, gave full efiect, and in its 
terms promulgated a royal mandate. Much indig- 
nation followed, more especially among those of the 
higher clergy, whose revenues would have been con- 
siderably abridged. But James was, on the 27th 
March 1625, gathered to his fathers. His mandate 
was virtually recalled by Charles I. ixx the following 

* Probably of the same family as the celebrated sub-prior of St Andrews. 
Robert Wynram was connected with the Wynrams of Libberton. He was 
Albany Herald. (See page clii) 

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royal letter, dated 25tli August 1626, and addressed 
to the bishop-dean : 

** Bight, etc. — Understanding that it is a course much more 
jnat and honorable that our Chappell royall within that our 
kingdome, and the persounes serving therein, should be main* 
teined by those meanes appoynted for that purpose at the first 
fondation thereof, then otherwise by prosecuting of that course 
intended by our late deare father, by making disposition of 
some Chappallanaries, preybends, and alterages belonging to our 
Crowne: Therfore it is our pleasure that (desisting from that 
former course) yow make searche of the old fundations of that 
Chappelle, and of the rents alloted there vnto, in whose handes 
they are for the present, what right they haue to the same, and 
of all other circiunstances that may best giue light to the 
knowledge thereof: And therefter that the samen may be in 
readines to be showen whto ws at our comming to that our 
kingdome, to the effect wee may giue order for making com- 
petent provisions for the personnes serving in the said ChappelL 
So expecting your diligence in the premissis, wee bid, etc. 
Windsor, the 25 of August 1626." * 

On the same day the king's advocate was com- 
manded to arrest such proceedings as might be 
competent on the order of the late king. To the 
advocate the king's letter proceeded thus : 

"Trustie and weil-beloved Counsellor, we, etc., being in- 
formed that yow caused charge diverse of the Bishops and 
Minesters of that our kingdome for production of theire rights 
and fnndamentall titles to such Chapelaneris, preybendes, and 
alterages, as they possesse, for furtherance of the course intended 
by oure late deare father to helpe the Chappell Boyall: And 
Being wee haue resolued to provyd for the same out of the rents 

* Sir William Alexander's Begiater of Royal Letters, MS. in General 
R^pster House. 

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alloted therevnto as the most lawfxill ineanes, whereof wee haue 
written to the Deane thereof, Our pleasure is that yow desist 
from further perseuing the saidis Bishops or Ministers for the 
said cause vntill you be further warranted by ws for your so 
doeing, for it is not our mynd that anie of them be troubled in 
the possession which they enjoye till wee be pleased to aue 
further order concerning the same. Thus wee bid, etc. Wind- 
sore, the 25 of August 1626." * 

On the 7th July 1624, Eobert Wynram, Albany 
Herald, was, in reward of service, appointed "an 
ordinary musitianer of the Chapel RoyaL" From 
the instrument of gift, an excerpt follows : 

''Our Souerane Lordis most gratious and sacred Migestie, 
being crediblie informit o£P the qualificatioun, literature, and 
guid conversatioun off his hienes lovat, Eobert Winrahame, 
Albanie Heraidd, for vsing and exercing off the airt and science 
of Musik within his Majesties Chappell Boyall, quhairoff he hes 
given ane sufficient pruifT and tryell as ane ordinar musitianer 
within the said Chappell this lang tyme bygane, and thair 
withall calling .to mynd the guid, trew, and thankfull service 
maid and done to his hienes be the said Bobert Wynrahame, 
the tymes of his employment as herauld in his Maiesties service, 
and vtherwayis within the boundis of Orknay, Zetland, and 
vtheris partis of the Hielandis, and vtheris alsweill be sey as land, 
quhairin he was in grit perreU and dainger off his lyff : Thair- 
fore his Majestic, to recompence the said Robert Winrame for 
his guid and thankfull service, quhUl ane better casualtie and 
occasioun fall out, ordaines ane gift and presentatioun to be 
maid under the privie seall in dew forme, nominattand and 
presentand the said Bobert Winrame to be ane ordinar Musi- 
tianer of the said Chappell Soyall of Strivling, and givand and 
grantand and disponeand to him the office, place, charge, and 

* Sir WilHam Alexander's Begister of Boyal Letters, MS. in Qenenl 
BegisteT House. 

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f ttnctioun thairofP, for all the dayes of his lyfbyme, togidder with 
that pairt of all and sindrie the teind scheiffis^ fruitis^ rentis, 
emolomentis, and dewties quhatsumever of the Paroch Kirk of 
Sanct Marie Lowis, qnhilk perteinit to that chantorie and pre- 
bendarie of the said Chappdl Boyall of Stirling sometyme per* 
teming to umquhill Sir George Gray, possessour thairofP for the 
tyme, and belanging to the said Chappell Boyall as ane pairt of 
the patrimonie of the samyn, now vaikand, in his Maiesties 
handifi^ and at his hienes presentatioun and dispositioun, be 
deprivationn of William Scott, sone to Walter Scott of Groldi- 
landis,* last pretendit chantour, prebendar, and titular thairoff, 

The eflForts of Bishop Bellenden^ persistently exer- 
cised, for his better endowment as dean, likewise for 
increased remuneration to the other members of the 
institution, led to some further action on the part of 
the Crown. The following royal letters, addressed 
to the Privy Council, "the Advocatts," and the 
Conmiissioners of Teinds and of Exchequer, also to 
the Lords of Session, are severally dated 16th May 
1627. Each seems worthy of a place. 


" Bight, etc. — Whereas it pleased our late deare father that 
all those, as well of the Privy CounseU as of the Sessioun, should 
euery Sonday and holyday repayre to our Chappell Royall, 
haveing for this efiTect commanded that the seates of the pre- 
bandaiyes or singing men should be distinguished from others 
of the Nobility, CounseU, and Sessioun : Seing that course hath 
beene soe seriously recommended by our said father, and that it 

« William Scott held office in the Chapel Royal as a aiiieciirist, under 
laTour of the Lords of Buccleuch, as titnlan of St Mary of the Lowes, 
t Begister of Presentatioss of Benefices, vi, fol. 7. 

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is fitting and decent for diverse respects, Our pleasure is, that 
at your being in our burgh of Edinburgh, or other parts ad- 
joyneing, yow repayre euery Sonday and holyday to the said 
Chappell: And likewise that yow be carefoll that all such 
goode orders as were appointed by our said late deare £ather 
concerning the said Chappell may be remidied and settled : And 
as in this, soe in all other thingis concerning the said Chappell, 
the deane and members thereof yow give your best advice and 
assistance, which wee will take as acceptable service done vnto 
va Soe we bid yow, etc Whitehall, the 26 of May 1627 * 


"Whereas diverse benefices haue beene annexed to our 
Chappell Eoyall in that our Eingdome, the particulares of some 
whereof wee remitt to be delivered vnto yow by the reverend 
father in Gk)d and our right trusty and weU-beloved counsellour 
the Bishope of Dumblane, deane of our sayd Chappell: And 
being willing that the said benefices should, according to the 
first intention, be fully setled vpoun the samen, Dure pleasoie 
is that yow carefully informe your selves of the best course for 
the recouery thereof by law, or otherwise that yow vse your 
best meanes for transacting with the possessours, whereby, if 
the said dutyes can not at this tyme be recouered, at least some 
yeaxely rent thereof may be had for their better mantaynanoe^ 
which will be a meanes that they be lesse burdenable to our 
Exchequer, concerning which purpose wee haue for your better 
assistance wryttin to our Colledge of Justice. Soe reconmiend- 
ing this vnto yow as a purpose which wee specially respect, wee 
bid, etc. Whitehall, the 16 of May 1627.t 


" Whereas it pleased our late deare father both effectually, at 
diverse tymes and vpoun goode oonsideratiounes to requyre that 

* Sir William Alexander^ Register of Royal Letters, MS. in Qeneral 
Register House. 

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such benefices and other small church liveings which were an- 
nexed to OUT chappell royall in that our kingdome, by the first 
foundatioun thereof, might be fully setled thervpoun. And 
seing our fathers intention therin is just and many wayes 
requisite for our vse, the vse of cure successours and the credite 
of that our Kingdome : Therefore, in reguard that in your pro- 
ceeding according to your commissioun the said things belong- 
ing ynto the sayd chappell are to be treated of among yow, 
oure pleasure is that a speciall care be taken by yow for the 
modifying to euery one of the chaplaines out of that church 
rent, appropriat vnto him some such competent and reasonable 
meanes, and after such maner as may most conveniently be 
done, such things being performed by them as is requyred by 
our commissioun. And whereas we are informed that the 
Abbacy of Dundranan was purchaste by our late deare father 
and mortified for the vse of our said Chappell, though wee doubt 
not but that at your takeing of the estate of that Abbacy amongst 
others into your consideratioun yow will consider the differences 
betweene it and other erectiounes, yet wee have thought goode 
hereby to acquainte yow with our pleasure herein, which is that 
yow take such a course therein as shall be most aggreeable to 
our said father's intention, and as may most conveniently be 
done, according to the course intended by vs at this time. And 
whereas it hath beene humbly moued vnto vs that the tithes of 
the half of the lands of MarkhiU, whereof the stock being Ten 
Chalders of victuall, is likewise mortified for the vse of the said 
Chappell, might be acquired and added therevnto for the vse 
forsayd, though wee like well of any thing that may tend to the 
advancement of soe goode a work, yet wee would not determine 
therein without your speciall advice who are cheefely entrusted 
with the affaires of this and the like nature: Therefore our 
pleasure is that yow consider of the samen and take such a 
course therein as may most conveniently and lawfully be done : 
All which specially recommending to your care wee bid yow 
farewell Whitehall, 16 of May 1627.* 

* Sir William Alexander's Begister of Royal Letters, MS. in Qeneial 
Eegister House. 

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"To THE Exchequer. 

" Whereas it pleased our late deare father to wiyte vnto yow 
that whensoeuer any takismen of oar Chappell Boyall should be 
putt to our home, his escheit of soe much as was held of our 
said Chappell should be gevin to the deane and members thereof 
for their better mantaynance till they were otherwise provyded : 
These are therefore to wiQ and requyre yow that whensoeuer the 
escheit of any such person doth fall in our hands that soe much 
thereof as is held of our said Chappell, be gevin to the deane 
and members thereof whom yow shall cause finde cautioun not 
to dilapidate or diminish the value of any benefice or other parti- 
cular granted to our said Chappell, but to preseme the same in 
their integrity to their successours, according to the pleasure of 
our late deare father, heretofore signified to this purpose : And 
it is our farther pleasure till the said Chappell rents be esta- 
blished that yow, our Tresurer and deputy, pay yearely out of the 
first and readiest of our rents of that our Kingdome, for the vse 
of the said Chappell, an annuity of three thousand merks Scot- 
tish, to be disposed and distributed by the deane of the said 
Chappell as he shall think expedient for doein^ etc. Whitehall, 
16 May 1627.* 

"To the Session. 

** Whereas wee haue beene pleased according to the example 
of our late deare father for trying of such benefices as were mor- 
tified for the vse of our Chappell Boyall in that our Kingdome, 
being willing that they should be recouered (if neede doth soe 
requyre), by law or otherwise, that the possessours should be delt 
with, that some yearely rent should be had for the better man- 
taynance of the deane and the members of the said Chappell, 
oure plecusure is that whensoeuer any such action concerning 
the samen shall be intended before yow with the most convenient 
diligence that can be vsed, proceede in justice therein according 
to the equity of the cause, and that for the well of the said 
Chappell yow show as much fauour as can be lawfally granted, 

* Sir William Alexander's Register of Royal Letten, MS. in Qeneral 
Roister House. 

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otherwise, at your being so desired by the said deane, or our 
advocatts, or either of them, that yow mediate, or cause mediate 
with the said possessours for allowing a yearely rent for the vse 
foresayd, which wilbe a meanes that they will be lesse burden- 
able to our exchequer : All which wee recommend vnto your 
care, and bid, etc. Whitehall, the 16 May 1627." * 

A complaint by Bishop Bellenden against Sir 
David Lindsay of Balcarres, afterwards Lord Lindsay, 
as to the withholding of tithes led to the following 
royal letter being ?iddressed to him as " the Laird of 
Balcarres : " 

"Trustie, etc. — Being informed that the reverend father in GU)d, 
and our right trustie and wellbeloyed counseller the Bischop of 
Dumblaine, the Deane of our Chappie BoyaU, cannot haue that 
wse at your handis in the tithes of some landis belonging to him, 
as heretours haue in the samen parochen in which his landis 
doe lye, but is forced to pay a farr greater dwetie proportionabil- 
lie then they doe, a course in oure judgment contrair to that 
which should be keept with men of his profession : And eieing 
our intentione is that everie heretour may haue his owne tithes 
for lessonable satisfactions to be given to those who haue or pre- 
tend light thairto : And that the said bischop declairis himselff 
to what shalbe found ressonble vpon his part : Thairfore wee 
haue thought good heirby to desire you that the said bischop 
haue his owne tithes vpon such satisfactione as our commis- 
sioners for surrendars shall determine, or as you yourselfiT did 
giue for them, ffor wee doe not heirby intend any lose to you, 
but that this master betuix yow and him may be composed in a 
&ir and amiable maner according to equitie and conscience, as 
you wold expect any lawfull fauour from ws in the like ; or in 
any other kind. Sic, eta Bagshot^ 17 August 1627." f 

* Sir William Alexander's Begister of Royal Letters, MS. in Genera 
Begister House. 
f Ihid. 

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Already we have seen that Charles I. had com- 
manded the members of Goimcil and Session to attend 
Divine service in the Chapel Eoyal on Sundays and 
holidays, in seats appropriated to them. In 1629 the 
injunction was emphatically renewed, the king giving 
positive command that in July of that year the Holy 
Communion should, at the sound of trumpets,* be 
dispensed in the Chapel Boyal, and that all members 
of the Privy Council, and of the College of Justice, 
and other servants of the Crown should, under the 
highest penalties, repair to the Chapel and there join 
in that sacred ordinance. The decree proving inopera- 
tive, Charles despatched to the Privy Council, on the 
6th November 1629, the following mandate : 

"Rights etc. — Whereas wee fonnerlie gaue ordour that by 
sound of Trumpett the communione should be administrated in 
our Chappell Royall, in July last^ that all of our privie counsell^ 
college of justice and members thareof, and others mentioned iu 
our lettres writen to that effect^ might be required to communis 
catt, and that such of them as wold not should alsoe be required 
to forbeare the executioune of thare seuerall charges in our 
sendee, vntill they brought a certificat of thare receaving the 
communione from the Deane of that Chappell. But noW' under- 
standing that some papistes affected haue neglected this course^ 

* HiBtory^ xuxder like conditions, curiously repeats itself. It is impossible 
on reading the narrative of this despotic order to avoid recalling a similaT 
order made by an eastern potentate long previously. ^ Nebuchadnezzar 
the king made an image of gold, ... he set it up in the plain of Dura, 
in the province of Babylon. . . . Then an herald cried aloud. To you it 
is commanded, people, nations, and languages, that at what time ye hear the 
sound of the comet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, dulcimer, and ill kinds 
of music, ye fall down and worship the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar 
the king hath set up." — Book ofDaniely m, 1, 4^ 5. 

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Wee, out of our care and affectione to the mantenance of the 
professed religeone, are heirby pleased to will and require you 
that according to our former pleasour herein you remoue from 
our counsaU table all such whoe are dissobedient in that kind. 
Whitehall, the 6 of November 1629." * 

A portion of the monastic lands of Markle, Had- 
dingtonshire, was recovered by the Crown, and in 
1606 attached to the Chapel Royal, and with it were 
conjoined the lands of Traprane in the same vicinity. 
Patrick Hepburn of Smeaton, whose possessions sur- 
rounded these lands, had made a claim upon the 
tithes, and in consequence the following royal letter 
was addressed to the President of the Council : 

" Right, etc. — Whareas wee are informed that our late royall 
father did purchase the landis of Markle and Trappone and did 
appropriat them to the vse of our Chappell Eoyall, the tithes of 
which landis hieing as yet in the possessione of the Laird of 
Smeetoun hieing willing for the better and more speedie helping 
of these persones whoe serue in the Chappell, that some present 
course be taken for thare mantenance and wese of the tennentis 
of these landis : Oure pleasoure is that by the advise of the 
Beane of the Chappell, and our aduocatt, you vse your best and 
most readie endeuouris for dealing with the said Laird for buy- 
ing these tithes for him : But if you find just caus for reduceing 
thareof to the vse afoirsaid that you proceed tharein as you shall 
think most fitt, and vpon your certiefieing of ws what sbalbe 
thought expedient to be done vpon your parte wee will accor- 
dinglie giue ordour for doing thareof: Willing that you in the 
meantyme, in our name, require our chancellare and keeper of 
our seall not to pas any new grant of thes landis or titUlis in. 
fauour of any persone till our forther plesure be knowen tharein, 

* Sir William Alexaoder's Register of Royal LetteiB, MS. in General 
Register House. 

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willing you likewyis to signifie vnto the said Deane that when 
any competent benefitt shalbe thought fitt by the Commisaioneni 
for tithes to be appropriat to the patrimonie of his see, wee will 
accordinglie giue way therevnta Sia etc. Whitehall, the 6 of 
November 1629/'* 

Negotiations with the Laird of Smeaton by the 
Privy Council having proved tardy, Charles I. com- 
municated with the Commissioners of Exchequer, in 
a letter dated 2d October 1630, of which the import 
follows : 

** Bight, etc. — ^Whareas wee are informed that ane annnelrent 
out of the Landis of Markhill and Trapren was bought and mor- 
tified by our late deir father for the vse of our ChappeU Boyall, 
which tharefter was ratiefied in parliament : And that now it is 
feared that if any dispositioune or deid should be made ws and 
our successouris of or concern[ing] these Landis or chappells 
right to that annualrent wUbe endangered, though wee sie noe 
just cans to suspect any thing yet to avoid any feare that may 
come in that kind : Oure pleasure is that you consider if thare 
be any such necessitie for taking a course to prevent what herm 
is feared, and if you find it necessarie that you make ane act of 
exchecquer tharevpon, or otherwayis that you doe thairin as you 
shall think most fitt for that purpose, which wee if need be shall 
further authorise as you to this efiect shall best advise ws, soe 
we bid you, etc. Hamptoune Court, the second of October 
1630." t 

Between the authorities of the Crown in the in- 
terests of the Chapel Eoyal, and the Laird of 
Smeaton, matters were at length adjusted. As 

* Sir William Alexander's Register of Royal Letters, MS. in General 
Register House. 

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President of the Coimca, the Earl of Menteith con- 
sented to pay to the laird the sum of £500 sterling 
to compensate his right to the disputed teinds. The 
arrangement is described in the royal letter which 
follows, addressed to the Treasurer : 

^ Sight, etc. — ^Whareas our right trustie, etc., the Erie of Mon- 
teiih hath by expres command from ws, for the vse of our Chap- 
pell Boyall, agreed with the Laird of Smeetoim for the tithes of 
the Landis of Markhill and Trapren for payment vnto him of 
fjrne hunderith poundis sterling. Bieing willing (if convenient- 
lie it can be done this yeir) that the tithes of theis landis for this 
crop may be hade for the vse of onre said chappelL Oure 
pleasure is that with all convenient diligence you pay vnto the 
said Laird of Smeetoune the said soume of 500^^ sterling, and 
that out of the first and reddiest of our rentis, casualities, and 
viher dueties whatsoeuer due vnto ws within the said Eingdome, 
and for your soe doing these presentis shalbe vnto you a suffi- 
cient warrant and discharge. Given at Hamptoune Court the 
10 of October 1630." ♦ 

On the 17th March 1628 was appointed to the 
Chapel Boyal; as a prebendary and musician, Edward 
Kellie, respecting whom we are informed in the 
instrument of gift that he had been ** seruitour to 
George, Viscount of Diplene (afterwards Earl of 
Elinnoull), Heich Chancellar of Scotland, also one 
of the Chapel's ordinar musitianes/' The instrument 
of gift is in these terms : 

** Our Souerane Lord being crediblie informit of the qualifica- 
tioun, Uterature, and gude conversatioun of his lovitt Edward 

* fiir William Alexander's Begiater of Boyal Letters, MS. in General 
Register House. 

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Eellie, servitx)ar to His Majesties right traist consing and coon- 
sellour, George, Viscount of Diplene, Lord Hay of Kinfawnes^ 
Heich Chancellar of Scotland, for vsing and exerceing the airt 
and science of musik within his majesties Chappell Soyall of 
Stirling, whereof he hes gevin ane sufBcient pruiff and tiyell as 
ane of the ordinar musitianes of the samen this lang tyme 
bygane: Ordaines thairfore ane gift and presentatioun to be 
maid vnder the previe seall in dew forme, nominating and pre- 
senting the said Edward Eellie to be ane of the ordinar preben- 
daris and musitianes of the said Chappell Boyall, gevand, grant- 
and, and disponand to him the office, place, functioun, and charge 
thairofP, during all the dayes of his lyftyme, togidder with that 
pairt of all and sindrie the teind scheivis, fruittis, rentis, emolu- 
mentis and dewties quhatsumever of the paroche kirk and par* 
ochine of Sanct Marie Lewis, quhilkis pertenit to the chantorie 
and prebendarie of the said Chappell Boyall of Stirling, some- 
time pertening to umquhile Sir George Gray, possessour thairof, 
for the tyme, and belonging to the said Chappell Boyall as ane 
part of the patrimonie of the samyn now vakand in his Maiesties 
handis, and at his hienes presentation and dispositioun be depri- 
vatioim of William Scott, sone to Walter Scott of Goldilandis, 
and of Bobert Winrahame, Albanie Herauld, last pretendit pre- 
bendans and titularis thairof, or of ane or vther of thame as 
being vnable and vnqualified to vse and exerce the place of ane 
musiciane in the said Chappell Boyall, and refusing to compeir 
before the Deane and chaptour of the said Chapell Boyall to 
give tryell of the samyn and throw not residence to serve 
thairintill, etc." * 

Proving most prominently zealous^ Kellie was, on 
the 26th November 1629, appointed Receiver of 
the chapel rents and other revenues ; also Director 
of Music. On his officially reporting as to the in- 
efficiency and non-residence of persons sharing the 

* Register of Presentations to Benefices, vi., foL 45. 

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revenues, the Privy Council were in a royal letter 
instructed to discharge all such as continued ineffi- 
cient and refractory. That letter follows : 

" Right, eta— Being informed by Eduard Kellie, our seruand, 
of the insafficiencie, non-residence, and dissobedience of Bome 
heaving charge in our chappell royall to the ordouris prescryued 
by the dean thareof, and his assistance for setling of the same 
in a fitt and decent maner, assuming vnto themselves by former 
giftis of thare offices what freedome and imunitie they think fitt, 
whareby the seruice to be performed by them is neglected, Oure 
pleasure is, after due examinatioune and finding of what heirin 
is alledged to be due, that you discharge such insufficient and re- 
fractoriepersonis, iff they shall not be found (after such triall as 
you shall think requisit) able to discharge a duetie in thare 
seruiees, and most willing heirefter both to better thare judg- 
mentis in thare professiones^ and to obtemper to all the good 
ordouris alreadie and heirefter to be prescryued by the Dean and 
his assistances, and for your so doing, etc. Soe wee bid, etc. 
Whithall, the 28 Junij 1630."* 

A royal letter, bearing the same date as the pre- 
ceding, and addressed *' to the Exchequer/' authorises 
the cancelling of a precept of six thousand marks, 
which Kellie had received from the king. This letter 

" Bight, etc. — ^Whareas Eduard Kellie, our seruand, hath been 
a humble suittour vnto ws, that his accomptis touching the set- 
ling of the Chappell Eoyall by our directione and fumesing of 
thingis tharevnto belonging might be hard, and vpon satisfac- 
tione made vnto him of such moneyis as should be found justlie 
due vnto him a precept of sex thousand merkis procured by him 

* Sir William Alexander's Register of Royal Letters, MS. in General 
Register House. 

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from ws might be takkin bak by you to be cancelled, wharein 
finding his demand reasonable and his former panis to meritt 
some meritt [reward], find encouragement from ws to continow 
in our sendee in that kind : Oure plesoure is that what moneyis 
shall appeare due vnto him vpon his accomptis that with all con- 
venient diligence you caus pay the same vnto him, remitting the 
consideratione of his panis till wee shalbe pleased to sie the 
effect thareof ffor doing whareof, etc. Whitehall, the 28 Junij 

The king's determination to provide for the musi- 
cians of the Chapel Royal was further evinced by the 
following communication addressed to his majesty's 
advocate : 

" Eight, etc.-.-Whareas wee are resolued to be seraed in our 
Chappell Royall in that our kingdome with such musicians 
borne within the same as are continualie or placed of new by 
the deane of that chappell and by Eduard Kellie, our seruand, 
to the effect they may be the mare able to discharge our seruice 
tharein : Oure pleasoure is, and we doe heirby will and require 
you, that with all convenient and possible diligence you caus 
pay out of the reddiest of our rentis or casualities whatsoeuer in 
that our kingdome, vnto the said Eduard into the behalff of the 
said musicians all such arrears of thare feeis as shalbe found 
justlie due vnto them or any of them, conforme to any gift or 
giftis granted by ws tharevpon least our said seruice at our 
cumming thither be ather neglected or they not fitt to be in such 
a place and charge, and for your soe doing, etc. Whitehall, the 
8 of February 1630." t 

A further royal letter to " the King's Advocate " 
relative to the due maintenance of the musicians, was 

* Sir WiUiam Alexander's Regiater of Boyal Letteis, MS. in General 
Register House. 

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issued from Greenwich on the 9th June 1631. It 
proceeds thus : 

" Trustie, etc. — Whereas by our gift wee did appoynt a cer- 
taine soume to be payed foorth of our Exchequer there to the 
musicians of our Chappell royall for theire maintenance yearlie 
till such time as the rents of the old fundation of the said Chap- 
pell should be established, and seing as wee are informed the 
soume appoynted by our said gift is not sufficient to mantaine 
such a nomber in any competencie as our servants : Therefore, 
and for there better maintenance and disburdening of our Ex- 
chequer of the said yearlie soume, Wee are verie willing that 
our said Chappell royaU and our musicians thereof be established 
in the old rents and casualities aUoted thereto att, or since the 
fuudation thereof according to its own rights, lawes, and prac- 
tique of our said kingdome : Our pleasure is that in all actions 
intended or to be intended att the instance of the deane of our 
said Chappell, or of our seruant, Edward Kellie, touching that 
purpose, yow compeare for our interest and giue them your best 
assistance against [any] person whatsoever in so farr as yow can 
laufully doe : Which cure will take as acceptable seruice done 
vnto vs. Greenwitch, the 9 of June 1631."* 

To prove his zeal in the restoration of the Chapel 
Boyal, Kellie set forth that at his own cost he 
maintained an organist and other performers. These 
commenced duty on the 24th October 1630, and on 
the 9th June the king addressed to the Exchequer 
the following notification : 

" Right, etc. — ^Whereas wee appoynted our seruant, Edward 
Kellie, for the ordering of our Chappell royalt, and being ere- 

* Sir William Alexander's Register of Royal Letters, MS. in General 
Reinster House. 

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diblie informed that he hath well furnished it with an expert 
organist, singing men and boyes, and other things thereto belong- 
ing, whereof wee doe hereby approue as good seruice : And being 
lykwise [informed] that the said organist and six boyes haue been 
since the 24 of October last, and are as yett at the only charge of 
our said seruant, Wee being vnwilling that he should any wise 
suffer for his seruice done vnto vs: Our pleasure is, and wee doe 
hereby will and requyre yow, that with all convenient diligence 
yow receaue his accompts of his disbursments for the maintenance 
of the said organist and boyes since the said 24 of October last, 
and accordinglie that yow make payement vnto him, his heires 
or assignes thereof, and of the arrears of his former accompts 
allowed by yow preceeding the said day, and that some course 
be taken whereby he may be disburdened of the lyke charge in 
all tyme comeing. Greenwitch, the 9 of June 1631." * 

These various proceedings, adopted at the instance 
of the Chapel's Receiver and Director of Music, 
induced his Majesty's advisers to obtain from Kellie 
a special report respecting the institution. Entitled, 
''Information touching the Chappell-Royal of Scot- 
land," and dated "Whitehall, 24th January 1631," 
the report proceeds thus : 

"To the King's most excellent Majestic, the Information 
and Petition of your Majestie's humble servant, Edward 
Kellie, touching your Majestie's Chappell-Eoyal of 

" When first your Majestic intended to goe into your kingdome 
of Scotland, I was employed by your Majestic, and such of your 
Councill of the kingdom as were then at courte, to provide 
psalmes, services, and anthymnes for your Migestie's said chap- 

* Sir William Alexander's Begister of Boyal Letters, MS. in Qenenl 
Register House. 

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pell-ioyal there, as in your chappell here. Thereupon I caused 
make twelve great books, gilded, and twelve small ones, with an 
oigane-book, wherein I caused write the said psalmes, services, 
and anthymnes, and attended the writing thereof tywe monethes 
here in London. At that tyme, alsoe, I provided the same 
musick that was at your Majestie's coronation here, with one 
Bible for your Majestic, and two great Bibles for the Deane and 
for the Readers of the said chappelL Thereafter I procured 
your Majestie's warranto for deposeing all insufficient persons 
that had places in your said chappell-royall, cmd for placing 
others more qualified, upon examination, in their roomes. 
Herevpon I carryed home an organist, and two men for playing 
on comets and sakbuts,* and two boyes for singing divisions in 
the versus, all which are most exquisite in their severall faculties. 
I caused the said organist examine all the aforesaid musick- 
bookes and organ-bookes ; and finding them right, convened aU 
the musicians of your Majestie's said chappell, some whereof 
(being efter triall found insufficient for such service) I deposed, 
and choosed some others in their roomes, whereby I made vpp 
the number of sixteen men, beside the organist and six boyes, 
who all of them sung there psalmes, services, and anthymnes 
sufficiently at first sight to the organe, versus, and chorus ; soe 
being confident of their abilitie to discharge the service, I 
desired the lordes of your Majesties honourable councell, and 
others of authoritie, skilfull in that facultie, to heare them; 
which lordes, after their hearing, in token of their approbation, 
gave me a testificate under their hands, witnessing that I had 
fully performed my former vndertakings, and showing that the 
like service was never done there before by any soe well, or in 
Boe good order. This testificate I have here to show your 
Majestic. Then, for my assurance in tyme coeming, I took 
bond of the said musicians, that they should be ready at all 
tymes to vndertake and discharge the sendee. This bond I 
have here aLsoe to showe. Herefter your Majestic was gra- 
tioasly pleased, by your letters under your highnes privie seall^ 

* A bass wind instrument of the trumpet kind, similar to the trom- 

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with the consent of the Deane of your said chappell-royall, to 
constitute mee collector and distributer of the rents pertayning to 
your said chappell, and to see such good orders established in the 
same, as the service therein might be well and faithfully done, 
and that none but persons sufficiently qualified should have 
any place there, and that they should be all keept at daily 
practise ; and for that effect your Majestic appointed mee ane within your pallace of Halyrudehouse, wherein I have 
provided and sett vpp ane organe, two flutes, two pandores 
with violls, and other instruments, with all sorts of English, 
French, Dutch, Spaynish, Latin, Italian, and old Scotch musick, 
vocall and instrumentall In the said chamber the said organist 
and the boyes do remain, and the remanent musicians and 
vnder officers doe meet therein tuice a week to practise and to 
receive directions for the next service. For observance of these 
meetings, and many other good orders, I have likewise taken 
bond of the said musicians, which bond I have also here to 
showe. In tyme of service within the chappell, the organist 
and all the singing men are in black gownes, the boyes are in sadd 
coloured coats, cmd the vsher and the sexten and vestrie-keeper 
are in browne gownes. The singing men doe sit in seats, lately 
made, before the noblemen, and the boyes before them, with 
their bookis lay'd, as in your Majestie's chappell here. One of 
the great Bibles is placed in the midle of the chappell for the 
reader, the other before the Deane. There is sung before the 
sermon ane full anthymne, and after sermon ane anthymne alone 
in versus with the organe. And thus every one attendeth the 
charge in his place in a very grave and decent forme. 

" At this tyme, for your Majestie's now intended journey into 
your said native kingdome, and for your highnes coronation 
therein, I have not as yet had any commandment. Nevertheless 
I am alwayes in readiiiesse, in manner aforesaide, with the said 
musick of your Majestie's coronation, and all other musicke . 
necessary, with comets, sakbuts, and other instruments, with 
men to play thereon, ready vpon advertisement 

"If, therefore, it shall please your most sacred Majestie to 
ratifie these my former powers and warrantes, for ingathering of 

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ihe rents and ordering your said chappell as I have begunne, 
your Majestie's exchequer by that meanes will be disburdened : . 
And I, your Majestie's servant^ shall vndertake either to give 
your Majestie good assurance, by a new testificate from your 
counceU, of my present abilitie for performance of the service 
with greater credite to your Majestie's native kingdome than it 
can be done by strangearis, and with no greater charge vnto 
your Majestie then is allready due ; or else I shall give tymouse 
advertisement vnto your highnes that your musicians here may 
be conveyed thither for the service, wl^ich vndoubtedly will be 
a great and needless charge, if your Majestie's servants at home 
can doe the same, all things being provided and ready for the 

" These premisses I most humbly refer vnto your Majestie's 
speedy resolution and answer herein. And because this infor- 
mation hath no man else to [be] cmswerable for what is in it 
but my selfe, whoe have formerly given proofe of my care and 
afiTection to your highnes service ; Therefore that your Majestie 
may be assured that I attempt nothing but what is faire, and 
what I am confident to performe, as I shall be answerable for, 
according to my vndertaking, I have subscrived these presents 
with my hand, at Whitehall, 24th Januarii 1631, after the Eng- 
lish account £." * 

The king's long promised visit to Edinburgh vras 
at length fulfilled. Charles arrived at Holyrood 
Palace on the 15th June 1633, and by the civic 
authorities was received at a splendid demonstration. 
Next day being Sunday, he attended morning service 
in the Chapel Royal, vrhen the dean^ Bishop Bellen- 
den, preached, t 

For the coronation extensive preparations had 

* Danney's Ancient Scottish Melodies, Edinb. 1837, 4to, pp. 365-367. 
t Spalding's Memoiials, 1850, i. 35. 

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been made by Sir James Balfour, Lyon-King-at- 
Arms, and Tuesday, the 18th instant, was fixed for 
the ceremonial. On Monday evening Charles pro- 
ceeded to the castle, where he remained for the 
night Next morning at eight o'clock he, in the 
great hall of the castle, seated on a chair of state, 
received a congratulatory address from the nobility 
and barons, presented by the Lord Chancellor. A 
procession was formed, in which, preceded by trum- 
peters, the nobility, clergy, and officers of state took 
their places, each according to his degree. Next 
came the king, attired gorgeously in crimson velvet, 
his train borne by four noblemen. Dismounting at 
Holyroodhouse, he walked to the Abbey Church, 
having borne over him a canopy of crimson velvet, 
fringed with gold. The Archbishop of Glasgow rode 
in the procession, but the Archbishop of St Andrews 
waited at the western door of the church to receive 
his Majesty. 

The king, as he entered the building, knelt upon 
the floor. When he rose up. Bishop Bellenden, as 
dean, conducted him to a seat, and then presented 
to him Mr James Hannay, minister of the Abbey 
Church. Preceded by the choristers, discoursing ap- 
propriate music, his Majesty now moved forward to the 
dais, while the crown, sceptre, sword, and spurs, also 
the anointing oil, were placed near the communion 
table. Having sat down, he, after an interval, 
occupied a chair near the pulpit. Dr David Lindsay, 

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Bishop of Brechin^ preached from that passage in 
the first Book of Kings,* relating to the anointing of 
Solomon as King of Israel At the close of the dis- 
course the king reascended the dais, where the 
Primate presented him to the people. Just as the 
words " God save the king" had been ejaculated by 
all present, the choir sung an anthem. Then the 
king deposited an oblation in a cup of gold, when the 
archbishop, who received it, administered the coro- 
nation oath. Again the choristers discoursed sacred 
mnsic, and the litany was, by the Bishops of Moray 
and Boss, read and sung. The archbishop having 
invoked the Divine blessing, the Duke of Lennox, as 
great chamberlain, disrobed the king of his upper 
garment. Under a canopy near the pulpit he now 
seated himself, when the archbishop approached with 
the consecrated vial of oil. By the archbishop's 
hands the king was anointed on the head, breast, 
elbows, and palms of the hands; also above and 
between the shoulders. Near the communion table 
he was next, by the great chamberlain, clad in the 
state robes of James IV.; he was thereafter girt with 
the sword of state, and, having received other symbols 
of sovereign authority, was by the Archbishop of St 
Andrews solemnly crowned. The clergy and barons 
having severally expressed their allegiance, were per- 
mitted to kiss the king's left cheek. Charles now 
partook of the Holy Communion, and thereafter left 

* 1 Kings, i. 39. 

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the church, wearing his crown and carrying the 

To this description, derived from the narrative of 
Sir James Balfour, may be added some particulars 
of the coronation detailed by John Spalding, the 
industrious annalist According to this accurate 
observer, the Archbishop of St Andrews, and the 
Bishops of Moray, Dunkeld, Ross, Dunblane, and 
Brechin wore white rochets. There were also, 
remarks the annalist, among other offensive emblems, 
a crucifix wrought in tapestry on the communion 
table, towards which the surplice-clad bishops made 
obeisance. The other Scottish prelates, adds Spald- 
ing, wore black gowns, t 

In their accounts of the coronation, both Balfour 
and Spalding omit reference to a great functionary 
present on the occasion, who was then exercising 
a most disastrous influence upon his sovereign. 
This was William Laud, Bishop of London, and 
Dean of the Chapel Boyal of England. He accom- 
panied James VI. to Scotland in 1617 as his chap- 
lain, and had since attained to great authority. He 
will shortly reappear. 

Charles opened parliament on Wednesday the 
19th June. On the occasion was passed an Act 
*'for the rehabilitatione of Francis Stewart," de- 

* See '' The Memorable and aolezne CoroDatione of King Chailea, downed 
King of Scotland at Holyrudhouee, the 18th Junii 1633," Balfour'a His- 
torical Works, iv. 354, 389. 

t Spalding's Memorials, i. 36, 37. 

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scribed as " eldest lawfull sone of vrnq* Francis, some- 
tyme Erie Bothuell." Consequent thereon, Bishop 
Bellenden protested that ''the expeding of the act 
fiould not be prejudicial! to the said Bishop of Dum- 
blane and his successors, deanes of the chappell 
royall, anent the lands of Markill and Traprain, 
lyand withine the constabularie of Hadingtone, dotted 
and mortified be his Majestie's father of eternal 
memorie, to the vse of his Majestie's chappell royall 
in Striveling, and annexit to the bishoprick of Dum- 
blana*' On behalf of the restored earl, the king 
assented to the protest In the same parliament the 
late king's gift of the Abbey of Dundrennan to the 
deanery of the Chapel Royal was ratified and con- 

On Monday the 24th June, being St John's Day, 
the king proceeded in state to the Abbey Church, 
and there, after a solemn ofifertory, touched about 
one hundred persons for the king's evil. Round the 
neck of each he suspended by a white silk riband a 
piece of gold, t 

Spalding, who mentions the place of coronation as 
*'the Abay Kirk," relates that "vpon Tuysday the 
25th of Junij, the king hard deuotion in his owne 
cheppell royall." He adds : "Doctor William 
Forbes, minister at Abirdein, teichit in his blak 
goun, without surpluce or rotchet. His text wes at 

♦ Acta Pari. Scot., v. 56, 72. 

t Balfour's Annals, voL ii., p. 261. 

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the 27th verss of the 14th chepdour of Sanct Johnes 
GospelL The Englishe seroice wes said befoir and 
efter sermon, as thair vse wes, the cheplanis and 
novices haueing thair white surpluces on. The 
Bischop of Dumblane, as cheplane of the cheppell 
royall, had his rotchet and whyte sleivis on, hot 
none of our Scottis bischopis except he had the lyk, 
bot onlie blak gounes." ^ A moderate Episcopalian, 
Spalding regarded the white sleeve as a badge of 
Popery. He reports that Charles worshipped in 
''the cheppell royal" on Sunday the 30th June. 
It was for the last time. 

With most of his suite, Charles left Scotland for 
London on the 15th of July. Laud still lingered in 
the north ; he visited Archbishop Spottiswoode at St 
Andrews, and Bishop Bellenden at Dunblane, dis- 
coursing to both of approaching changes, and endear 
vouring to ascertain how far these prelates mi^t be 
of service. 

Laud had just returned to London when, on the 
4th August, he was invested with that high dignity 
to which he had long aspired, and the duties of which 
he had some time virtually performed. He was 
elevated to the archdiocese of Canterbury, and so 
became primate. But high-handed action in the 
Church of England was then somewhat impractic- 
able. Scotland, less potent in respect of wealth, and 

* Spalding's MemorialB, i. 39, 40. 

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its people in respect of loyalty more pliant/ must in 
the first instance be won. But neither Archbishop 
Spottiswoode nor Bishop Bellenden were sufficiently 
advanced for work to be done at Edinburgh. Com- 
pliant as to costume, they were Protestant at heart* 
Laud, with the craft of the conspirator, ever sought 
to relieve of duty those who refused to yield to his 
authority. Edinburgh was in the archdiocese of St 
Andrews ; it was now separated from it, and a new 
diocese constituted, of which it was made the centre. 
As first bishop, Laud named Dr William Forbes, 
who, though preaching to the king in his black gown, 
was found ready to acquiesce both in the Liturgy 
and Canons. To Bishop Bellenden was, on the 8th 
October, addressed a royal letter, embodying certain 
"articles,'' concocted by the English primate. These 
documents proceed : 

'*Keverend Father in God and Trusty and Wel-beloued Coun- 
sellotir, — Wee greet yow welL Wee have thought goode, for the 
better ordering of Divine Service to be performed in oure Chap- 
pell Boyall there, to sett doune some Articles vnder oure owne 
hand to be observed therein, which We send yow here enclosed. 
And it is oure speciaU pleasure that yow carefully see everie 
thing performed, according as Wee have directed by these oure 
enclosed Articles : And likeuise that you certifie to the Lords of 
oure Privie Counsall if any of these appointed by oure former 

^ A ^peedi of James, Earl of Arran, afterwards Duke of Hamilton, 
spoken in 1089, seems to inteipiet that sentiiiieDi of loyalty, idiich led eo 
many Scotsmen to strongly adhere to the House of Stewart. Referring to 
the dethroned and exiled James Vll., Lord Arran remarked, "I must 
distinguish between his Popery and his person ; I dislike the one, but have 
sworn and do owe allegiance to the other." 

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Google — 


letters to them to communicate in cure Chappell Boyall^ shall 
not accordingly performe the same, to the effect such order may 
be taken by our Counsell therein, as by our sayds former letters 
to them Wee did appointe. Wherein, expecting your diligence 
and care. Wee bid you farewell From our Court at Whitehall^ 
the eighth of October 1633. 
" To the Eeverend Father in God, and cure 

Eight Trusty and Welbeloued Counsel- 

loure the Bishops of Dunblane, Dean of 

our Chappell Boyall within cure King- 

dome of Scotland. 

" The Articles for His Majestie's Chapel Royal. 
October the 8th, 1633. 

" Charles Bex, 

" Our express WiU and pleasure is that the 
Dean of our Chapped that now is, and his successors, shall be 
Assistant to the Bight Beverend Father in Grod, the Archbishop 
of St Andrews, at the Coronation, so often as it shall happen. . 

'' That the Book of the Form of our Coronation lately used, 
be put in a little box, and laid into a standard, and committed 
to the care of the Dean of the Chappel successively. 

" That there be Prayers tuice a-day, with the Quire, as well 
in our absence as otherwise, according to the EngUsh liturgie, 
till some course be taken for making one, that may fit the cus- 
tom and constitution of that church. 

" That the Dean of the Chappel look carefully that all that 
receive the Blessed Sacrament there, receive it kneeling ; and 
that there be a Communion held in that our Chappel, the first 
Sunday of every montL 

'* That the Dean of our Chappel that now is, and so succes- 
sively, come duly thither to prayers upon Sundays, and snch 
Holy-days as that Church observes, in his Whites and preach so, 
whenever he preacheth there ; And that he be not absent from 
thence, but upon necessary occasion of his Diocese, or otherwise, 
according to the course of his preferment 

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*' That these Orders shall be our Warrant to the Dean of our 
Chappel, that the Lords of our Privy Council, the Lords of the 
Sessions, the Advocates, Clerks, Writers to the Signet, and 
Members of our College of Justice, be commanded to receive 
the Holy Communion, once every jesur at the least, in that our 
Chappel Boyal, and kneeling, for example's sake to the kingdom. 
And We likewise command the Dean aforesaid to make Beport 
yearly to us, how Wee are obeyed therein, and by whom ; as 
also, if any man shall refuse, in what manner he doth so, and 

"That the Copes* which are consecrated to our use, be de- 
livered to the Dean to be kept upon inventory by him, and 
in a Standard f provided for that purpose ; and to be used at 
the celebration of the Sacrament in our Chapel Royall." J 

In the ''articles" there is skilful handling. The 
Form of the Coronation, which was to be honourably 
preserved, was a religious ritual approved by Laud. 
Then the Dean is honoured in being constituted 
Assistant of the Primate in conducting future 
coronations. Thus distinguished he is privileged 
to conduct daily service in the Chapel Boyal, 
according to the Book of Common Prayer, till 
a special Service Book is got ready. The Eng- 
lish Prayer Book would pioneer other forms which 
Laud had in preparation. But Bishop Bellenden as 
Dean was called on to adopt a course from which the 
most emboldened would have shrunk. He was to 
enjoin the Lords of the Privy Council, the Lords of 

* Commanion Cups ; chalices. 

t An upright cupboard similar to a modem wardrobe. 

t Wodrow MSS. Folio, vol Ixvi., No. 12. 

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clxxviii BISTORT OP THE 

Session, the Advocates, the Writers to the Signet, 
and their Clerks, to partake in the Chapel Royal of 
the Holy Communion (on their knees) at least once 
a year. And in default he was to report them to 
the sovereign. Of the Bishop-Dean there was de- 
manded a further and special test. The cups used 
by the king at his coronation — one into which he 
had dropped an oblation or piece of gold, the other 
that from which he had tasted wine in the Communion 
service — the Dean was charged to revere as specially 
"consecrated;" and as such was to preserve in "a 
standard " constructed for that purpose. These king- 
touched vessels were only to be used by those com- 
municating in the Chapel Royal. 

Notwithstanding the enticing words wherewith 
" the articles " commenced, they closed with require- 
ments against which every Protestant minister would 
certainly revolt. Cups consecrated to Christ in the 
blessed Sacrament could derive no further or special 
sanctity from the royal touch. Nor would any ecclesi- 
astic, worthy of his office, compel men to partake of a 
sacred ordinance utterly regardless of their personal 
inclination. While usually requiring a strict and 
uncompromising obedience, Laud meanwhile exhi- 
bited towards Bellenden a conciliatory policy. By 
the Parliament of 1633 had been continued an impost 
granted some years before as a temporary aid to the 
king's brother-in-law, the Prince Palatine. Obnox- 
ious generally, this impost was a special source 

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of complaint on the part of Bishop Bellenden. For his 
relief Laud procured him the following royal letter, 
which was issued just a week after the despatch of 
" the articles." It proceeds thus : 

• Trustie, etc. — Being willing that the reverend father in (Jod, 

the bischop of Dunblane, deane of our Chapell, and his succes- 

sours deanes thairof, be freed from hence furth of all taxations 

and impossitions whatsoever in so far as may conceme ther 

owin personall esteats and goodis, and as for the rents payable 

to them belonging to the said chappell, we ar lykwayes willing 

that they have what favour may be convenentlie affurded vnto 

them without prejudice of the course establisched for the levye- 

ing of our taxations. Our pleasur is that having to this purpois 

conferred with our right, etc., the Erles of Morton and Traquair, 

cor Theasaurers principall and deputie, Our Clerk of Begister, 

and the said bischop, you draw up such a warrand to be signed 

by us, and to pass our sealls as shal be sufficient for frieing of 

him and them of the premisses or what further they and you in 

your opinions think we may convenientlie doe, and that you 

send the same docat by you for our hand to be returned and 

exped accordinglie. Whythall, 15 Oct 1633." • 

Grateful for past favours, Bishop Bellenden ac- 
cepted "the articles" without oflFering a protest. 
Against remonstrance there were several reasons. The 
injunction to daily service gave a further claim to per- 
sonal recompense or to promotion, and also effectually 
served to plead the cause of the musicians. Be- 
sides, the Bishop had some legal business in the 
courts at Westminster, which a hint from the English 

* Sir William Alezander'if Begbter of Royal Letters, MS. in General 
Reguter Hooae. 

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Primate to the presiding judge might help satisfac- 
torily to adjust. At the commencement of the follow- 
ing letter Laud refers to the influencing of judges 
without scruple or hesitation : 

''You are much beholding to my Lord Sterlinge ;*^ and for 
my selfe, I did you the best service I could, and am glad your 
troublesome suites are at an end. I hope that which the Kinge 
hath now done will preserve you against your pressing nece3- 
sityes, thurough which I pray God send you a good passage : 
But for Westminster foes, they did very much wrong you, who- 
ever they [were] that made those relations to you of that great 
sume ; for my former [letters told] the trueth to you. 

" Concerning your preferme[nt, until any better] place falls, I 
can promise nothing; but I. assure [you his Majestic] hath a 
very good opinion both of you and your service ; and„ therefore, 
I [can not] doubt but that he will take you and your estate into 
his consideration. All this time you have given his Majestic 
good content, and he expects that you continue in that course ; 
and lett him still receive a note whoe they be that conforme, 
and whoe not, for I see his Majestie is resolved to go constantlie 
on, and therefore you must not fayle. 

'' I have considerd howe much reason you speake concerning 
the poor singing men, and have receivd their petition, which 
you sent enclosd. I must needs say their case deserves a great 
deale of commiseration; and the very first time that I gott 
accesse to his Majestie, after the receipt of your letters, I ac- 
quainted him with their necessities, and he, like a gracious and 
a good Prince, was very much moved with it, and commanded 
me to deliver theire Petition to my Lord Sterling, that some 
course might be taken for them ; and this, God willing, I will 
doe soe soone as ever I can meete with that Lord, which I hope 
will be this day, and soe soone as I can drive it to any good 

* Sir William Alexander, Earl of Stirling, the Scottish Secretary at 

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issue, you shall heare from me. Soe, in hast, I leave you to the 
grace of God, and rest, 

" Your Lordship's very lovinge Friend and Brother, 

«W. Cant.* 

« Lambeth, January 14, 1633-[4]." 

With his legal affairs at Westminster satisfactorily 
adjusted^ Bishop Bellenden ventured to serve as dean 
after his own fashion. By Mr John Row f we are 
informed, with reference to the king's command, as to 
the Lords of the Privy Council and others receiving 
the communion in the Chapel, kneeling, on the first 
Sunday of every month, that Bellenden required 
obedience in a manner of his own. In connec- 
tion with the December celebration he, in the Scot- 
tish mode, preached on the preceding Saturday by 
way of preparation, while his teaching was such that 
the ordinance was postponed till Sunday the 15th of 
the month, and even then there were few partici- 
pants. J The bishop having also omitted daily service, 
his procedure, as might indeed have been anticipated, 
moved Laud with indignation. And a fit opportunity 
for expressing it occurred not long afterwards, when, 
on the unexpected dqmise of the Bishop of Edinburgh, 
Bellenden made application for the office. The fol- 
lowing letter from Laud to Bellenden is endorsed 
''Anent the Liturgie and his sermon," and it is 

♦ Wodrow MSS., folio, vol. Ixvi., No 13. 

t Row's Historie of the Kirk. Wodrow Society, 1842, p. 370. 

t Ihid, 


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evident that the discourse refeh-ed to was that 
preached early in December. Laud's letter proceeds : 

''S. m Chbisto. 

" My very good Lord, — I am right sorry for the death of the 
Bishop of Edinburrow, the loss being very great both to the 
King and the Church I acquainted his Majesty how needful 
it was to fill that place with an able successor ; and when men- 
tion was made of divers men to succeed, I did, as you desire, 
show his Majestic what your desires were, and what necessityes 
lay upon you. After much consideration of the busynes his 
Majestic resolued to give the Bishoprick of Edinburrowe to my 
Lord of Brehen ; and for yourselfe he commanded me to write 
expresly to you that he did not take it well, that contrary to Ms 
express command you had omitted prayers in his Chappell 
Eoyall, according to the English Liturgye, with some other 
omissiouns there, which pleased him not; besides, his Majestie 
hath heard that there have lately been some differences in Eden- 
burgh about the sufferings of Christ, etc., and that your Lord- 
ship was some cause of them ; or, at least, such an occasion as 
might have bred much disturbance, if the late Bishop of Eden- 
burrow, his care and temper, had not moderated them ; and this 
his Majestie is not well pleased with neither. And this hath 
been the cause, as I conceive, why his Majestie hath past you 
over in this remove ; and you shall doe very well to applye 
yourselfe better both to his Majesties service and the well or- 
dering of that Church, lest you give just occasion to the Kinge 
to passe you by, when any other remove falls. I am very sorry 
that I must write thus unto you ; but the only way of helpe 
lyes in yourselfe and your owne carriage : and, therefore, if you 
will not be carefull of that, I do not see what any friend can be 
able to doe for you. Therefore, not doubting but you will 
take these things into serious consideration for your owne good, 
I leave you to the grace of God, and rest, 

" Your Lordship's very loving Friend and Brother, 

"W. Cant.* 

" Lambeth, May 6th, 1634" 

* Wodrow MSS., folio, vol. IxvL, No. 15. 

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Bishop Forbes, tidings of whose demise had been 
conveyed to the court, held his high office only a 
few weeks. Consecrated in the Chapel Royal on the 
28th January 1634, he died on the 12th April there- 
after. Just before his death he had, in a charge 
to his clergy, exhibited his strong adhesion to the 
royal will, and his departure had therefore, as Laud 
expressed it, been held as a loss, '' both to the King 
and the Church. " By acting upon his own principles, 
rather than those of the Court, Bellenden now realised 
that he had missed preferment ; he resolved henceforth 
to make a liberal sacrifice of his convictions. If we 
rightly interpret the primate's next letter, he must 
have despatched to the king more than one missive 
expressive of obedience. His pleas in extenuation of 
his nonconformity are by Laud in the following letter 
fully adverted to : 

" S m Christo. 

" My very good Lord, — My hast at this time forces me to 
write very briefly ; and these are to lett you knowe that I write 
nothing in my former letters but as the Kinge was informed, 
and myself by him commanded. I have now read your Lord- 
ship's letters to his Majestic, which hath in some part satisfeit 
him, but not altogether. And for the first, his Majesty saith, 
that though the gentlemen of the Ghapell Boyall did absent 
themselves for feare of arrests, having not to pay ; and that that 
might hinder the service in the Chappel in a solemne and for- 
mall way of singing by them ; Yet his Majestic thinks you 
might have got a Chaplaine of your owne to have read the 
English lituTgye, that soe the work, for the maine part of it, 
might have gone on. And for the payment of those menu I think 

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your Lordship knowes I have done all the good offices I cann, 
but have it not in my power to mend all the difficultyes of the 

'' Concerning the disturbance that was in Edinburrow, if any 
wrong was done your Lordship, that must lye upon them whoe 
misreported you to the King, who ere they were. And howso- 
euer, the Kinge took it not ill, you advised the then Bishop of 
Edinburgh to appease the dififerences, for that was very worthily 
done and discreetly done by you. But as far as I remember, 
the charge layed upon you to the Kinge was, that in your own 
sermon, which you preach'd about that time, you did rather side 
with one partye than either represse or comepose the difference. 
Though I must needs confess to your Lordship, that by reason 
of the multitude of businesses which lie upon me, I cannot 
charge my memory with the particular. 

" You have done very well to acquaint the Lords of Counsell 
and Session, etc., with his Majesties resolution concerning the 
Communion in the Chappell Royall. And I doubt not^ if you 
continue to doe that which his Majestie lookes for in the course 
of the Church, and which is most just and fit to be done, but 
that you will easily recover his Majesty's favour, and find the 
good of it. So in hast I leave you to the grace of God, and rest, 

" Your Lordship's very loving Friend and Brother, 

"W. Cant.* 

"Lambeth, July 1,1634." 

As Bellenden was now willing to impose the Holy 
Communion on all whom the king and Laud had en- 
joined to receive it, the latter was content to renew 
expressions of approval, also to indicate recompense. 
He wrote thus : 

" S IN C. 
"My very good Lord, — I have a second time moved his 

* Wodrow MSS., folio, vol. Ixvi., No. 16. The letter is endorsed 
" Anent Reading of the Liturgie and his Sermon at Edinburgh." 

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Majestie concerning them that obeyed or disobeyed his com- 
mands in receiving the Communion in the Chappell at Hally- 
radbous, and you shall not fayle to receiue his Majesties answer 
by my Lord [of Eosse], so that I shall not need to be farther 
troublesome to you in that parti[cular]. 

" His Majesty is fully satissfyed that the English ... in 
. . . the Chappell Eoyall before my Lord of E[osse] ... and 
in all things else, one . . . satisfied me concerning . . . 
his Majestie such satisf . . . doubt not but your L . . . 
so much to your fi . . . Tour . . . gentlemen of the 
Chap . . . to moue his Majestie conce . . . and he told 
me that a little before his ... d since the . . . your 
Lordship half the money was payed unto them. And that the 
other half was payed before to one, I thinke, of theire company, 
whom themselves employed to receive it ; who, it seems, was a 
bancrofb [bankrupt], and either ran away with their money, or 
misspent it, or else serued his own turn with it. Now, what to 
say to this I cannot tell, for the chequer is not in that case that I 
can think it fit, (or if I doe) I am sure the Lord Treasurer will not 
think soe, that the king should pay the same sum twice ; and 
yet I must confesse it falls very hard upon the poore men to 
bear the losse, but they should have been wiser in the choyce 
of their agent. Notwithstanding, if there can be any hope in 
this case to relieue them, I shall do my best ; and for the future 
my lord hath promised me they shall be duly payed. 

" Soe I leave you to the grace of God, and rest, 
** Your Lordship's loving Friend and Brother, 

"W. Cant.* 

-Croyden, October 4, 1634.'* 

In answer to an inquiry by Bellenden as to the 
plunder of the Chapel funds^ Laud must have excited 
his surprise by naming Edward Kellie as the delin- 
quent Towards his correspondent the primate 

♦ Wodrow MSS., folio, vol. Ixvi, No. 17. 

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is, in his next letter, complimentary and reassur- 

" S. IN Christo. 

" My very good Lord, — I am very glad to heare your resolu- 
tions for the ordering of his Majesties Chappell Royall, and that 
you are resolved to wear your whites, notwithstanding the 
maliciousnes of foolish men. I know his Majestie will take 
your obedience and care very well; and being fully satisfied, 
both concerning your sermon and all thinges else committed to 
your trust, you may, as opportunity serues, expect from his 
Majestie all reasonable thinges ; and I shall not be wanting to 
give you all the assistance that I can vpon all occasions, of 
which I heartily pray you not to doubt. 

" My lord, the Earle of Traquare is now come, and I shall 
take the first opportunity I can to speake once more with 
him about the gentlemen of the Chappell, and shall showe him 
what your lordship writes concerning one Edward Kelly, whom 
you mention; and what answer soever I can gett, you shall 
receive from me. 

" Soe in hast, I leave you to the grace of God, and rest, 
" Your Lordship's very loving Friend and Brother, 

•'W. Cant. 

" Lambeth, Jan. 12, ]634[5]. 

*' I have spoken with my Lord Traquare, and he tells me (if 
I mistooke him not) that pay was made to Kelly with relation 
to the gentlemen of the Chappell, and that your oun hand, as 
well as others, is to some agreement that was made thereabout 
The paper was not then about him, else he had showed it me. 
Tour Lordship, therefore, shall doe very well to apeak with him 
again about this particular. As for the time to come, he hath 
assumed to me they shall be duly paid."* 

Prior to the 16th February 1634-5, Kellie was 

* Wodrow MSS., folio, vol. Ixvi, No. 14. 

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displaced, and " Mr Edward Millar, musician, resid- 
ing in Edinburgh," appointed his successor.* 

Bellenden's promotion at length arrived, but with 
it was accompanied the proviso that he was to 
become resident at Aberdeen. Should he accept, 
then the English primate made sure that the Scottish 
capital was ecclesiastically his own. In expression 
the following is abundantly fraternal : 

" S. m Christo. 

" My very good Lord, — ^The king hathe been acquainted with 
your caie of the Chappell Eoyall, and is very well pleased with 
the conformity which hath been there at the late reception of 
the blessed Sacrament ; and, for my part, I am heartyly glad to 
see in what a faire way the Church busynesses now ai*e in those 
parta I hope, if the bishops be pleased to continue theire good 
example and their care, all thinges will settle beyond expec- 

" The king hath declared his pleasure concerning the bishop- 
rickes now void, and hath given yow the bishopricke of Aber- 
deen, as you will heare more at large by my Lord of Eosse. 
But being an Vniversity and a place of consequence, he will 
have you reside there, and relies much upon you for the well 
ordering of that place. I am very glad the kinge hath been soe 
mindful of you, and given you soe good a testimony vpon this 
occasion of your remove. So I leave you to the grace of God, 
and rest, 

•* Your Lordship's very loveinge Freind and Brother, 

"W. CANT.f 

"Lambeth, May 19, 1635." 

As concerned Scotland, Laud's hopes had reached 

♦ Raster of Presentations, vii, fol. 24. 
t Wodiow MSS., folio, vol. Ixvi., No. 19. 

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a climax. David Lindsay, pliant and courtly, was 
Bishop of Edinburgh ; and Bellenden, with his un- 
certainties, was residing in his distant diocese of 

Lately constituted Lord Chancellor, Archbishop 
Spottiswoode, with his embarrassing assertion of 
Protestant doctrine, was virtually silenced. And 
above all, there was for the oflBce of dean of the 
Chapel Royal an ecclesiastic in waiting whose obe- 
dience had been proved. It is here essential to place 
under review some recent occurrences. Desirous of 
assimilating the two national Churches, James VI. 
had sought, subsequent to the English accession, to 
accommodate the Scottish Church to the Angli- 
can system in matters of ecclesiastical ritual, and 
clerical attire. Doctrinal considerations were at 
the outset deemed of less moment ; but when Laud 
became king's chaplain, circumstances changed. 
James's resolution in 1617 to affix in the Chapel 
Royal certain carved figures, and his unwillingness to 
withdraw the order, were due to the perversity of 
Laud. On the withdrawal was substituted an order 
for the English Book of Common Prayer being 
used in daily service — an innovation which at this 

* That Bellenden was translated to Aberdeen because Laud regarded 
him as an impediment to the execution of his plans was at the time WeU 
understood. In reference to the translation, Principal Robert Baillie thus 
writes to his correspondent, Mr William Spang: — "He was removed 
from the Chappell Royal to Aberdeen, as one who did not favour well 
enough Canterburie's new wayes " (Baillie's Letters, Edinb. 1841, i. 161). 

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time the king would not have ventured otherwise to 

Having introduced a liturgical service in the Chapel 
Koyal, and then prescribed kneeling at the com- 
munion, the way for further innovation was opened 
up. Through Archbishop Spottiswoode of St 
Andrews, Laud in 1618 obtained for the celebrated 
"five articles" the sanction of the General Assembly. 
When these articles, sanctioned by the Estates of 
Parliament, became law, Laud urged the king to 
enforce their adoption. Partially this was done; 
but James, alarmed by his adviser's impetuosity on 
the one hand, and the defiant attitude of the Presby- 
terians on the other, somewhat hesitated. With the 
accession of Charles to the throne in 1625, ecclesias- 
tical affairs assumed a new aspect. Having married 
Henrietta Maria of France, a Roman Catholic, 
Charles virtually adopted his consort's faith. Under 
his firm policy. Laud became a chief power in the 
state. With his approval, Charles made proclama- 
tion at Edinburgh that church lands and teinds, 
granted to members of the laity by his predecessors, 
were to be revoked. Obedience to the articles of 
Perth waa exacted rigorously. Laud suggested the 
coronation visit ; the religious ritual which attended 
it had his approval. In the Chapel Royal a liturgical 
service was, he maintained, to be observed daily. 
He had designs far more sweeping, and for fully 
accomplishing them the time seemed to have arrived. 

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As Bellenden's successor. Laud nominated Dr 
James Wedderbum, a churchman, of whose devotion 
to the king and attachment to himself he possessed 
ample experience. A native of Dundee, where his 
family had held some status, Wedderbum studied at 
Oxford,* ; he was also a disciple of Isaac Casaubon. t 
Thereafter he became a professor in St Mary's Col- 
lege, St Andrews, where with his colleagues he, on 
receiving, in January 1624, the late king's com- 
mands to use the English Liturgy, yielded a ready 
compliance, j; Under Laud's recommendation, he 
soon afterwards was appointed prebendary of Ely ; 
he subsequently held the living of Gompton, Hants, 
and of Mildenhall, SuflFolk. When appointed to the 
Chapel Royal and bishopric of Dunblane, he was 
prebendary of Whitchurch, in Wells. 

With so many events conspiring to his ends, Laud, 
full of enterprise and hope, despatched Wedderbum 
to Edinbui*gh. The latter did not realise what he 

* BuBsel's Keith's Bishops, Edinb. 1824, p. 182. 

t Defending himself, in his autobiography, from the charge of recom- 
mending Bellenden and Wedderbum to the coi\junct offices of dean and 
bishop as his "creatures" and " instnmients," Laud writes : — "With the 
Bp. of Dunblane, Dr Wedderbome, I confess I had more and longer 
acquaintance ; for he lived some years in England, and was recommended 
unto me as a man that had very good parts and learning in him. He lived 
long with Mr Isaac Casaubon, who was not like to teach him any Popezy, 
and who certainly would not have retained him so long, or so near unto 
him, had he not found him a deserver. After I came acquainted with him, 
I wished him very well for his worth sake, and did what I could for him 
to live.'' It may here be added that Wedderbum nominated Laud as his 
executor (Archbishop Laud's Works, iii. 373, 374 ; vii. 691)- 

t Calderwood's History, vii, 669. 

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had expected^ and was consequently discouraged. 
This circumstance explains an observation made by 
Liaud at the commencement of the following extract 
from a letter addressed by him to his confidential 
adviser, John Maxwell, Bishop of Ross : 

"I thanke you for your care of Dr Wedderbourne. He is 
very able to doe service, and will certainly doe it, if you can 
keepe up his heart I was in good hope he had been conse- 
crated, as well as my Lord of Brehen, but I perceive he is not. 
What the reason is [I know] not; but 'tis a thousand pityes 
that those uncertainties abide with him. I pray [commend] my 
love to him, and tell him I would not have him sticke att any 
thinge, for the kinge will not leave him long att Dunblane after 
he hath once settled the Chappell right, which I see will settle 
apace» if he keepe his footing. My letters are gone to the 
Bishop of Aberdene, by the king's command, to dissert his Pro- 
testation concerning the Chappell, [and] to leave the rents 
presently to Dr Wedderbourne. . . . Concerning that 
which you mension about fitting of the Chappell, both with 
silver vessels and other ornaments, upon the sale now to be 
made of some stuffe of the king's, I think my Lorde of St 
Andrewes will very shortly receive a letter, under the king's 
hand, to give power for all that yow desire ; and then, if you 
do not see the Chappell well furnished, the blame for ever be 

The letter from which we obtain the preceding 
extract is dated at *' Croydon, September 19, 1635." 
Sufficiently characteristic, inasmuch as it conveys 
counsel to his prot6g6 that he would have him " not 
to sticke att anythinge," it clearly shows that Wedder- 

* Wodrow MSS., folio, vol. Ixvi., No. 20. 

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burn was hesitating. One cause of discouragement 
is hinted at — his predecessor, Bishop Bellenden, 
had asserted his title to a portion of the chapel 
revenues. In the postscript of the letter a more 
costly decoration of the chapel is foreshadowed.* 

From detached accounts of the High Treasurer, in 
the General Register House, we learn that, with the 
accession of Wedderbum to the deanery, certain 
repairs were carried out on his place of ministration. 
In these accounts are named two chapels, the new 
and ^' the auld," the former being described as having 
formed *' the laich chalmeris vnder the Quenys chal- 
meris." This accommodation was probably selected 
by Wedderbum as being more suitable for his reli- 
gious rites than that embraced in the older structure. 
A portion of the accounts follow : 

"The Compt of the Sclattems begynnand in mense 
julij in anno, etc., xxxv^. 

'* Item, imprimis to Bobert and Johne Blaris for iiij ruid iij 
quarteris ruid new theiking, with sclait and Ijrme vpon the 
auld chapell. Kichingis, weschelows, dresryis, and south 
toure. Ilk ruid xxxiij" iiij*. Summa, . vij"^ xviij" iiij^. 

* Those who have any miflgiving as to Laud's secret intention in introduc- 
ing the £ook of Canons, should read the whole of his letter to the Bishop of 
Ross, from which we have made the preceding extract In this letter he nsei 
these words, '' I am very glad your Canons are alsoe in so good a readiness, 
and that the true meaning of that ane Canone remains still under thecwr- 
taine, I hope you will tak care that it may he fully printed and passed 
with the rest." For a calm and lucid account of Laud's procedure in con- 
nection with the Scottish Church, see Dr Hill Burton's History of ScoUand, 
2d edit., vol. vi., pp. 104-206 ; also Prynne's ^* Hidden Workes of Darkenes," 
Loud. 1645, jMUfim. 

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" Item, to the said Bobert for the theiking of the lytill garding, 
Chalmer beand niiffit extending to — ^j rude, half raid, and 
quarter ruid, and to the foresaid Robert for new theiking, 
with borit lath and Chathnes sclait and lyme, elekwys the 
south syde of the new chapell, extending to — v ruid iij 
quarteris ruid. Ilk ruid vt supra xxxiij' iiij*. Suma huius 
— vij ruid half ruid is, . . . xij"*^ x*. 


" Item, to William Fynn for v"* Cathnes sclait. Ilk j°* iij"^., 
Suma, ...... xv"^ 

" Item, in ij south lychtis of the new chapell bewis the chancel- 
lary wall, .... j«xx futtis half futt. 

" Item, to the cartaris of the foresaid aikin tymmer of sindry 
sortis brocht vp for the galre ruif, warping of the chapell 
deskis, and chancelry wall xlij draucht Ilk draucht fra 
Leith to the abbay xvj*. Suma, . . . Ivj". 

"The expensis maid apon Irne werk in mense Septembris 
anno ut supra. 

*' Item, to Robert Monepenny for iij* xl gret nalis to ruiffis for 
the dowbill rynpannis of the fare entre and auld chapell, 
extending to xx stane wecht 

" Item, to the said chapell gavill twa square lychtis vnder the 
travys pece in bund, plet, and bosit Irne werk 

xxxvij stanis xv pund. 

" Item, to the boys vyndo of the foresaid chapell gavill vnder 
the laich travys pece in bosit maid Irne werk, xxx stane. 

" Item, to the gret square lycht abone the bosit Irne windo and 
travys pece twa plane plet windois contenand in maid Irne 
werk, ..... xxxiij stane. 

''The Sclateris expensis with skailze in 
"Item, inptimis the north syde of the chapell extending to 

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vij ruid, half mid, quarter mid, and v dnis, wrocht be 
John Blayr. 

" Item, to Robert Blayr for the new work of the fore entre elik- 
wja, with skailze and fog theiking togiddir with the turpyk 
heid of the samyn, extending to — x midis, half mid, vij 

'* And to the said Robert for j mide xxxij elnis new theiking 
work, with skailze vpon ane part of the north syde of the 
chalmeris nixt the toure qnhilk was the auld chapell, and 
for V ruid ij elnis new work elikwis apon the complete 
theiking of the inner syde of the saidis chalmeris fra the 
fare entre to the kirk stepill, and for vj elnis ane quarter 
new theiking werk upon the gabe at the eist end of the 
new chapell. 

Suma huius totalis ruidis skailze xxv midis, half ruid, 
vij elnis, price ilk mid workmanschip furnysing of 
skailze theirto, with the haill carriage, •vj"^ Suma, 

j^ xxxiiij"** iij» iiij**. 

"Item, to Thomas Adeson, AUaster Campbell, and Andro 
Lokart, for v midis v elnis riging stane to the fore new 
werk, and to the samyn for vij ruid, half mid, quarter ruid, 
V elnis riging stane to the chapell, and for iiij midis, iij 
elnis, riggin stane to the north chalmeris foresaid, extend- 
ing in toto to xviij rude, v elms, half eln, price ilk mid 
xij". Suma, . . xj"^ vij" vjf 

" Item, for fog furnysing to the foresaid werk, . iij"^ x". 

" Item, to Sir James Nichollson for certane sarking buid of 
Scotis ayk, and to John Brand for the fraucht thairof fra 
Striuiling hevyn to Leith, . . . viij**^ xj* 

" In mense Augustj anno, etc., xxxv**». 

" Item, to Robert Days, pergeonar, for pergene of the laich 
chalmeris vnder the Quenys chalmeris, now the new chapeU^ 
with calk aiid glew of all cbstis, . . xxiiij". 

" Item, to George Peblis for perginyng, harling, and beting of the 
glasin wyndois of the samyn without, . . vj'. 

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Amidst his innoyating precipitation, reibinded that 
Wedderbum had not only not been consecrated, but 
had not even received his letters of presentation, 
Land now attended to the latter formality. In an 
instrument of gift, dated at Royston, 14th October 
1635, Wedderburn had granted to him over and 
above the ancient endowments and foundations made 
by the kings of Scotland, *' all and whole that endow- 
ment and foundation annexed and made to the 
chapel, of the lands of the monastery and barony 
of Dundrennan, as contained in the gift thereof 
under the Privy Seal on 16th July 1621 ; " also " the 
annual rent of ten chalders of victual out of the lands 
of Markill and Traprane." * 

Wedderburn was consecrated on the 11th Feb- 
ruary 1636, the event being followed up by new 
activities. For some time Laud had been occupied 
in framing his '' Canons and Constitutions Ecclesias- 
tical,** a book, as we have seen, adroitly prepared, 
and intended to sap the foundations of Presbyterian 
government. Issued on the 23d May, by authority 
of a royal edict, and without any other sanction, it 
contained among other provisions, injunctions that 
each church should have its baptismal font, also a 
communion table at the upper end of the chancel ; 
that the Sacrament of the Supper should be received 
kneeling, and that in the Communion service all 
should stand while i:epeating the Creed. 

♦ Privy Seal Register, cvi., foL 369. 

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However inoffensive some of these commands may 
seem, it must be remembered that they were thrust 
upon the Church by a sovereign who excited prejudice 
by cherishing Komish doctrine ; also at the hands of 
an ecclesiastic whose Protestant professions were 
certainly insincere. It had been predicted by Dr 
Juxon, Bishop of London, in a letter to the Bishop 
of Koss, that the Book of Canons would ''make more 
noise than all the cannons in Edinburgh Castle."* 
The demonstration attending the introduction was 
indeed less than might have been anticipated ; for 
in these times intelligence travelled slowly, and a large 
proportion of the clergy had accepted the measures 
of the court. Prior to issuing his Book of Canons, 
Laud had, in April 1636, received from Charles a 
private warrant authorising him also to prepare a 
Scottish Liturgy or Service Book. On the day fol- 
lowing the English primate addressed a lengthened 
communication to Dr Wedderbum, in which, after con- 
gratulating him on his being consecrated, he thanked 
him for some suggestions respecting the Service Book, 
and in the king's name offered others. With refer- 
ence to the affairs of the Chapel Royal he proceeds : 

** I have received other letters from you, by which I find you 
have written to his Majesty about the Communion in the 
Chapel Eoyal, concerning which the King holds his former re- 
solution, that he would be very glad there should be a full com- 
munion at all solemn times, as is appointed. But because men 

♦ Wodrow MSS., folio, vol. Ixvi., No. 21. 

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doe not alwayes fit themselves as they ought for that great and holy 
worke, therefore his Majesty will be satisfied, if every one that is 
required to communicate there doe solemnly and conformably 
performe that action, once a year at least And in conformity to 
this, you are to signifie once a yeare unto his sacred Majesty, who 
have communicated within the compasse of that year, and who 
not; and of this you must not faile." * 

After some delay the Service Book was placed in 
the hands of Robert Young, the king's printer, who 
undertook to have it ready in autumn. Thereupon 
the Privy Council were enjoined to make proclamation 
that, under heavy penalties, the book should be used 
in every parish church. Hesitating to issue a work 
which might involve him in popular disfavour. Young 
moved tardily. At length the volume appeared in 
May 1637, when a royal edict provided that it should 
be first used in the churches of Edinburgh. 

The Chapel Royal was situated within the 
precincts of the city, but in this connection no 
special arrangements had been made. It is pro- 
bable that Wedderbum, who had early taken alarm, 
was content to leave the burden on his more ven- 
turous colleagues. That part of the cathedral of 
St Giles occupied by the congregation of the High 
Church was fixed on for giving public efiect to the 
king's mandate. 

An eagerly expectant crowd assembled early, and 
on the opening of the doors at once occupied the 

* Piynne's "Hidden Workes of Darkenes," Lond. 1646, fol. 152, 154. 


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church. As the church bells ceased to ring, two 
dignitaries in white vestments entered — ^the Arch- 
bishop of St Andrews^ Chancellor of the kingdom, who 
proceeded to occupy the throne, and Bishop Lindsay, 
who ascended the pulpit Standing in the reading 
desk, Dr James Hannay, Dean of Edinburgh, com- 
menced to read from the new Service Book. On 
every side arose murmurs, followed by angry ejacula- 
tions on the part of the more ardent. Near the pul- 
pit a woman rose up, and cast towards it the small 
stool on which she had been seated. Confusion en- 
sued, and after in vain attempting to restore order 
the archbishop and all the clergy withdrew. 

Next day the Privy Council met at Holyroodhouse, 
seventeen members being present, among whom five 
were bishops.* On this occasion was passed the 
following minute : 

" Apud Halyrudhous, 24 July 1637. Sederunt — Chancellar, 
Dumfreis, Bishop of Edinburgh, Bishop of Brechin, 
Thesaurar^ Southesk, Bishop of Murray, Clerk Begister^ 
Glasgow, Lord Lome, Bishop of Gralloway, Justice 
Generally Priuie Seale, Lord Alexander, Bishop of 
Bos, Depute Thesurer, Aduocat. 

Forsamekle as the lords of secreit oounsell having consid- 
derit the late turbulent and mutinous cariage of a number of 
base people, who vpon the Lords day, and in the Lords hous, in a 
rude, barbarous, and seditious way did with foule mouths and 
unpious hands appose themselffes to his divine seruice, to the 
dishonnour of God, disgrace of his majesteis govemement, and 
disturbance of the publict peace of this citie of Edinbuigh : and 

. * Bifihop Wedderborn of the Chapel Royal was not of the nnmber. 

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the saids lords being carefull in the dewtie of thair office to 
inquire for and make tryell of the authors and abbetters of this 
disorderlie tumult, and to preuent all further grouth of the same ; 
The lords of secreit counsell ordains the Lyon herald, and his 
brethren heralds and pursevants with a trumpet, and displeyed 
coat of armes, to pas to the mercat croce of this citie, and there be 
opin proclamation to command and charge all and sindrie the 
inhabitants of the said citie of Edinburgh, als weill men as 
wemen, that they conteane themselffes in peace and quyetnes, 
and that nane of thame presoome nor take ypon hand to make 
anie gadderings or convocatiouns vpon the streit, or to haue anie 
meltings in priuat quhairby the publict peace of the citie may 
be disturbed : And in speciall that nane attempt to make dis- 
order or raise anie tumult in the churches or churchyairds, nor 
to revile or belshe furth anie contumelious speeches or impreca- 
tions aganis anie of his majesteis servants, being of the ecclesi- 
astick or civiU estat, or of the inferior clergie, nor to offer 
violence or injurie to thame, or anie of thame be word or deid, 
nor to impugne nor traduce his majesteis govemement, nor to 
raile and speeke aganis the seruice booke, whiche for the fur- 
therance of Gods worship, hes beene warrantablie established, 
vnder the pane of death to be inflicted vpon thame as seditious 
persons and contemners of his majesteis religious and royaU 
commandements, certifeing all and sindrie who sail doe or 
attempt anie thing in the contrare that the pane of death sail 
be execute vpon thame without favour or mercie, conforme to 
the lawes and acts of coonsell provided in that behalfe : Lykeas 
the saids lords declares if anie servants, man or woman, sail 
ofiend in that kynde, or that anie of the inhabitants of this citie 
sail heare or see anie of the aforesaids misdemeanours and not 
reveale the names of the offenders, or apprehend and deliver 
thame to the magistrats of the said citie, or if anie of the rascall 
maisterlesse boyes committing anie suche disorder sail be ressett 
within anie hous of the scdd citie, that the maister of the servant, 
the hearer of the speeches and seer of the deid, and not doing 
diligence, as said is, and the ressetters of the saids persons sail 
be repute, haldin, and esteemed as persons guiltiCy connivers, 

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and fayoTors of the partie delinquent, and sail be accordinglie 
punished in thair persons and goods as the principall offender, 
and according to the merite and qualitie of his trespasse. 
Lykeas the saids lords finds and declares vpon good reason of state 
that the provest, bailleis, counsell, and communitie of the said 
citie of Edinburgh, ar and must be Ijable and debtors for quhat- 
somever ryot, trouble, or wrong that sail be committed within 
thair citie, in maner foresaid : Commanding heirby the saids pro- 
vest and bailleis of the said citie of Edinburgh to haue a speciall 
care and regard to see the premissis putt to dew and full execu- 
tion in all points, and that they inquire for, apprehend, and 
committ to ward all and sindrie persons whome they sail leime 
or deprehend to haue beene, or who hereafter sail be, guiltie of the 
bygane tumult, or after disorder as the saids provestand bailleis 
will answer vpon the dewtie of thair office at thair highest 
charge and parell." * 

This proclamation served to whet popular indigna- 
tion. From its centre to its extremities was the 
country aroused, and a storm swept abroad not less 
vehement than that which eighty years before had 
overthrown a Church and wrecked the cathedrals. 
At Edinburgh, Committees, or ''Tables" as they were 
called, assembled daily. On the 1st March 1638, the 
National Covenant was renewed in the Greyfriars 
Church, many subscribing with their pens dipped in 
their own blood. Apprehensive of attack, members 
of the Privy Council left Edinburgh for Stirling. 
Their firequently repeated proclamations were received 
with scorn, or by uncompromising rejoinders. Laud 
and the king meditated revenge, but might not cope 
with the nation in arms. Charles at length off(»*ed 

♦ Privy Council Register, Acta, May 1636 ; Nov. 1639, folio, 218ft. 


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terms ; on the 22d September 1638, the Service Book 
was recalled, and the infamous Court of High Commis- 
sion suspended Not only so, but the king consented 
to convene a Parliament and convoke a General 
Assembly. That Assembly, which met at Glasgow, 
among its many memorable enactments, deprived and 
excommunicated Bishops Bellenden and Wedderbum. 
To Bellenden Charles gave a small pension, which he 
received under an assumed name. Afterwards ap- 
pointed Kector of Portlock in Somersetshire, he there 
died in 1647. * Laud had augured that Wedder- 
bum would ^' settle the Chapel Koyal if he kept his 
footing.'' A footing he did not attain. His history 
may be briefly summed up in his patron's words : 
'' He came into England, and after he had been there 
about a twelvemonth, he fell sick and died."t His 
death took place on the 23d September 1639, and his 
remains were deposited in Canterbury Cathedral, 
where, in the chapel consecrated to the Virgin, a 
monument with a Latin inscription celebrates his 
virtues. One of the most scholarly of Scottish 
bishops, he unhappily identified himself with a 
despotic movement, and died in his fifty-fourth year 
the victim of regret. } 

♦ Fasti EccL Scot., iii. 886. 

t RnsBers Keith'a Bishops, 182 ; Fasti Eccl. Scot., ii. 840; Bishop Laud's 
Works, vii. 691. 

X Bishop Wedderbum's brother John, M.D. of the Universitj of St 
Andrews, attained reputation as a physician, and received the honour of 
knighthood. He became chief physician in the State of Moravia, and 
resided at Olmutz. 

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The Covenanters were not slow in improving their 
triumphs. Obtaining a general ascendancy in the 
north, where their cause at first was doubtful, they 
also got possession of the principal strongholds, and, 
under their military leader, Greneral Leslie, became 
masters of the country. When the king, early in 
May 1639, sent a fleet into the Firth of Forth,* the 
Act was accepted as a declaration of war, and Leslie 
and his troops a few weeks later marched to the 

Intent on suppressing the Scottish malcontents, 
Charles had with an army reached Birks, seven miles 
beyond Berwick ; but learning that twenty thousand 
troops were, under Leslie, entrenched at Dunse HiU, 
he proceeded to offer terms. The treaty, known as 
the Pacification of Berwick, followed; it included 
permission to hold a General Assembly. That 
Assembly was summoned to meet at Edinburgh on 
the 12th August ; a week previously Charles had by 
letter informed the bishops that they still enjoyed 
his support, which on fitting opportunity would be 
shown them. He also gave instructions that, in 
the carrying out of repairs at Holyroodhouse, the 
Chapel Royal should be placed in order, with a 
view to its future use in its former connection. 
Among other documents lately discovered in the 
General Register House are workmen's accounts 
in relation to the Chapel. 

* Burton's History of Scotland, edit. 1873, vii. 273. 

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In August Clement Toweris, *'glassen wright," 
was paid for glass work to the Chapel Royal, £66, 
168. 8d. ; and in September " Jhone Weir, maisoun, 
and his seruand," had 48 shillings as ''ane oulkis 
[week's] wagis, for laying the pavement of the chapel." 
These charges also are ranged under August and 

" Item, to George Wallace, spangeonar and his marrowis, sparge- 
ing the auld hall, the twa tumpykis, and pairts of the 
gallarie, the chapel, the twa chalmeris of the forewark, sett 
in task to thame, .... xxyj^^ 

Item, sett in task to George Hay, sclaitter, the poynting bette- 
ment of the bak chalmeris, and poynting and betten of the 
north syde of the chapell, with the stair, . . xij"^ 

Item, to twa women clengeing the chapell, . • ij^ 

Item, to George TuUoch, sawar, and his marrow, for v draucht 
of geistis to the chapell, ilk draucht ij'; ij diaucht of cor- 
bellis, ilk draucht ivj^ . . . xij" viijV' 

On a folio sheet, preserved in the Eegister House, 
is the following list : 

" The names of ye ministeris within the diocie of Glasgow, 
who ar to be chaplanes to his Ma^"" for service of ye Chapell 

1. Mr Wm. Annan, minister at Air. 

2. Doctor James Eliott, minister at Glasgow. 

3. Maister Jhone Lyndsay, att Carstaires. 

4. Mr Bobert Hammilton, at Lesmahagow. 

5. Dr Theodor Hay, Archedeacon of Glasgow. 

6. Mr Jhone Hay, persone of Renfrow. 

7. Mr George Buchanan, persone of Kilpatrik. 

8. Mr Jhone Alexander, persone of Hoddom. 

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9. Mr Wm. Bennett, persone of Ancrum. 

10. Mr Thomas Forrester, minister at Melros. 

11. Mr Patrik Lyndsay, minister at Maxtoun. 

These were named by the bishops as being suitable 
preachers in the Chapel Koyal during the king's 
visit ; they had severally adopted the Service Book, 
while some of them had lately been deprived of 
ministerial status. 

The General Assembly, which met on the 12th 
August, abolished Episcopacy, rescinded the five 
articles of Perth, and condemned the Book of Canons 
and the Service Book, — all these acts being sanc- 
tioned by the Earl of Traquair, as king's commis- 
sioner. Parliament met on the 31st of August 
for the despatch of business ; it was adjourned, as 
it had been several times previously. When it 
reassembled, on the 2d June 1640, an attempt was 
again made to arrest its deliberations. That attempt 
was resisted, and, in defiance of the royal will, its 
sittings were continued. Among its enactments were 
an adoption of the National Covenant, and a fiill 
ratification of the acts of the General Assembly. After 
appointing ^'the Committee of Estates" to act as a 
permanent body, Parliament adjourned till Novem- 
ber. By his " Short" and his " Large" Declarations, 
Charles had sufficiently manifested what his real 
intentions were, and so abundantly justified that 
march into England, which terminated in the victory at 
Newburn and the capture of Newcastle. The nego- 

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tiations which followed^ commencing at Kipon on 
the 1st of October, were adjourned to London, 
and did not terminate till at the hands of the English 
Parliament Laud was committed to the Tower. On 
the 7th August 1641, a treaty was completed, and 
m one week thereafter Charles was at Holyrood. 

During a brief period had occurred a marvellous 
transition. For attempting to crush liberty in his 
own portion of the kingdom Laud was a captive, 
charged with conspiracy and treason. At Edinburgh 
the new recipients of royal favour were those persons 
with whom Charles had lately been at war. The 
most conspicuous minister of the Presbyterian clergy 
was Mr Alexander Henderson. He had led opposi- 
tion to the Service Book, drawn up the National 
Covenant, been a chief author of various Petitions 
and Protests, was Moderator of the General As- 
sembly of 1638, and in August 1639 had preached 
at the opening of the adjourned Parliament; he 
was also one of the delegates from the Covenanting 
army which had conferred with the king at Berwick, 
and a commissioner in the recent treaty. When 
Charles arrived at Holyroodhouse on Saturday the 
14th August, Mr Henderson was honoured by an 
interview, and named as royal chaplain. Next 
morning he preached before the king in the Abbey 
Church; he discoursed from Romans xi. and 13, 
on the subject of the Divine supremacy. ♦ In 

* Baillie'B Letters and Journals, Edinb. 1841, i. 385, 386. 

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reality, as is stated by Baillie/ Mr Henderson 
was virtually appointed dean, and with the same 
endowments as had been enjoyed by Dr Wed- 
derbum. The subjoined instrument of gift, printed 
for the first time, is not without interest, inasmuch 
that the reasons assigned for the appointment, and 
the nature of the appointment itself are set forth in 
measured language. The document proceeds : 

^* Ane Lettre maid making mentioun that his majestie con- 
siddering that it is necessar when his hienes or his sone» the 
Prince, shall come into this thair Kingdome of Scotland, that 
thair be some minister to attend thame for performing the dew- 
ties of divyne worshipe in thair famelies, and his majestie 
having now large prooff of the abilitie and faithfulnes of his 
hienes trustie and weilbelouit Maister Alexander Hendersoun, 
present minister at Edinburgh, for the said charge, hath maid 
choyse of him for performing of the aforsaid dewties in all tymes 
comeing, duiring the wholl tyme of the said Maister Alexander 
his lyfe, and thairfor in recompence of his sendee and attendance 
both bypast and to come, with advyse and consent of his hienes 
trustie counsallour Sir James Carmichaell, of that Uk, Elnight^ 
thesaurer depute, and of the remanent commissioneris of his 
hienes Exchequer of the said kingdome givand, grantand, and 
disponeand to the said Maister Alexander, for all the dayes of 
his lyfbyme. All and haill the landis, monasterrie, and barony 
of Dundrennane, comprehending in the samen all and sundry 
tonnes, landis, castellis, touris, fortalices, woodis, baronies, plaines^ 
milnis, multuris, annualrentis, kirkis, kirklandis, teyndis, fish- 
ings, fruittis, rentis, proventis, emolumentis, seruices, and vtheris 
dewties of the samen quhatsumevir contenit in t<he lettre of 
donation, dispositioun, dotatioun, and mortificatioun of the same 
be his majesties vmquhill father, of worthie memorie, mortifeing 

* Baillie's Letters and Journals, Edinb. 1841, i. 395. 

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the same to apperteane and belong to his hienes chappell royall 
irithin this kingdome : Quhilk mortificatioun is of the dait the 
Bexteinth day of Julij j™ vj° tuentie ane yeares : And als all and 
liaill that annualrent or yearlie dewtie of ten chalderis victuall 
halff beir halff wheat yearlie, to be vplifted betuix Yule and 
CSandlemes, farth of the landis of Markle and medow thairof 
videlicet, ane hundreth and tuentie bollis thairof furth of the 
aaidis landis of Markle, tuentie four bollis thairof furth of the 
landis of Trapren, and sexteine bollis furth of the saidis landis 
of Medow of Markle, all lyand within the lordship of Hailles, 
Gonstabularie of Hadintoun and Sherefdome of Edinburgh : 
Quhillds landis and vtheris particularlie abonewrittin comeing 
in our said Soverane lord, and lus said vmquhill fatheris handes 
they did annex and mortifie the same to the bishoprik of Dum- 
blane, and quhilkis ar now become agane in lus hienes handis 
throw being of the functioun of bishops found ynlawfull within 
this kingdome : Beginand the said Maister Alexander, his entrie 
to the landis and vtheris abonwrittin, and to the vplifting of the 
maiUes and dewties of the same of this instant crept and year 
of Grod j" yj* and fourtie ane yeares, and so furth yereUe thair- 
efter in tyme comeing duiring the said Maister Alexander his 
lyftyme, as said is. The said Maister Alexander alwayes paying 
to the minister present, and to come serving his cuir at the 
Elirk of Dundrennane, the yeirlie stipend vnderwrittin, videlicet : 
Tua chalderis ait meall, good and sufficient mercat stufT, and 
thrie hundreth merkis Scottis money yearlie, at the termes vsed 
and wont, and provyding the elementis for the celebratioun of 
the communion yearlie, als aft as the samyn shall happin to be 
ceUbrat at the said Kirk, and als relewing the saidis ministeriB 
of all taxatiounes, impositiounes, and vtheris burdenis quhat- 
sumevir that shall happin to be imposed vpon the teynd scheaves 
and vtheris teyndis of the forsaid Kirk of Dundrennane : And 
siclyk to best vphold and repair the samen kirk in tyme come- 
ing duiring his lyftyme, as said is, with command thairin to the 
lordis of counsall and sessioune to grant and direct lettres and 
executoriallis necessar, at the instance of the said Maister 
Alexander for causing of him to be readily answerit and obeyit 

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of the fruittis, rentis, and emolumentis of the landis and vtheris 
abonwiittin, of this instant cropt and yeir of God j" yj® and 
fourtie ane yeares, and in tyme comeing duiring his lyftyme, as 
said is: Lykas, his majestie promises in verbo principis to 
ratifie and approve the premissis in this or any vther subsequent 
parliament, and to doe every vther thing that shall be thought 
necessar to mak the said Maister Alexander to be readily 
ansuerit and obeyit of the fruittis, rentis, and emolumentis of 
the landis and vtheris abonwreittin dureing all the dayes of his 
lyftyme, as said is, without prejudice of any farder prouisioun 
to the ministeris serving the cuir within the forsaidis boundis. 
Givin at Halyrudhous, the first day of October j" vj® and fourtie 
ane yearis. Per Signaturam." ♦ 

At Holyroodhouse Mr Henderson at once com- 
menced his duties as household chaplain, arranging 
as to those brethren who should preach before the 
king, and himself conducting morning and evening 
worship daily in the king's presence.t Publicly in 
Parliament Charles sanctioned the various proceed- 
ings of the General Assembly, bestowed offices and 
titles on the most prominent of his former oppo- 
nents, and consented that the revenues of the several 
bishoprics should be devoted to the better endow- 
ment of the universities, and the augmentation of the 
stipends of the poorer clergy. 

In 1642, certain feu-duties belonging to the Chapel 
Boyal were conferred on James Livingston of the 
bedchamber (afterwards Baron Skirling), who subse- 

* Privy Seal Register, cix., foL 277. 

t Baillie's Letters and Journals, i 385, 386. 

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quently disposed of them to the Earl of Crawford ; 
the transfer was, in 1647, confirmed by Parliament 

The emoluments of the prebendaryship, styled 
" Ayr primo," were conferred on Mr William Semple, 
Rc^nt of Humanity at Glasgow, afterwards minister 
of Neilston; and in 1647 Parliament ratified the 
grant* By a charter under the great seal, dated 3d 
November 1647, and which in the following year 
Parliament confirmed, the vicarage and parsonage 
teinds which had formerly belonged to the Chapel 
Koyal were granted to the ministers of the churches 
of Ayr, Alloway, Coylton, Dalmellington, and Dal- 
rymple. + 

Andrew Ramsay, subdean of the Chapel Royal, 
. claims special notice. Son of the proprietor of Bal- 
main, he was sometime professor of divinity in the 
University of Saumur, was afterwards minister of 
Arbuthnott, and in 1614 was admitted to a charge 
at Edinburgh. In 1629 he was presented by Charles 
L to the subdeanery. For maintaining the lawful- 
ness of the expedition to England, he was, in 1649, 
deposed, but was restored in 1655. Retiring from 
the office of subdean in 1658, he spent his latter 

* Fasti Ecd. Scot, ii 840 ; Acta Pari Scot., vi, L 848. 

t Acta ParL Scot., vi., ii. 81. It would appear that a portion of the 
xeTenues of the Chapel Boyal had been by Charles I. granted to the bnigh 
of Elgin some time prior to the 29th October 1634, when the grant is 
xefened to in two royal letters of that date, addressed to the Lords of 
Session and the ComnussioneiH of Exchequer, in fEtvour of Andrew Sinclair, 
one of the prebendaries appointed by James Y I. (see Sir William Alexander's 
Register of Royal Letters, MS. in General Register Uouse). 

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years on his estate of Abbotshall, where he died 
30th December 1659, in his eighty-fifth year. He 
founded four bursaries in the University of Edin- 
burgh, the patronage of which is vested in the Town 
Council of the city,* 

In the office of subdean, Ramsay was succeeded 
by Archibald Turner, one of the ministers of Edin- 
burgh, formerly of North Berwick. He retained the 
office from June 1663 till his death, which took place 
30th March 1681. His brother was the cruel but 
gallant Sir James Turner, t 

At Whitehall, on the 30th January 1649, Charles 
I. expiated with his blood his tergiversation and 
tyranny. His gallant lieutenant, the Marquis of 
Montrose, was executed at Edinburgh on the 25th 
of May. One week subsequent to the latter event, 
the Parliament, which met on the 1st of June, granted 
"full powers** to the Conmiissioners of the Treasury 
to remove the organs from the Chapel Eoyal, and to 
dispose of them. | Not long afterwards the Com- 
missioners for the Plantation of Kirks were recom- 
mended by Parliament to maintain a minister in the 
castle of Edinburgh, and with that view to secure 
"the reversion of the subdeanery of the Chapell 
Royall, now in the hands of Mr Andrew Bamsay." § 
On the 23d June 1649, Parliament granted to the 
lately erected parish church of Glencross "sevine 

* Fasti EccL Scot., i. 10, 394 ; iii. 865. f ^^-i i. 10. 

X Acta Pari, Scot., vi., ii. 380. f IbicLy vi., ii. 720. 

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8coir marks zeirlie, payit of lait out of the landis of 
Castellaw^ belonging to the erle of Roxburghe, for 
the mantinance of the organs and singers in the 
Chappell of Stirling, not onlie abolished bot now 
vacant, by deceas of vmq^ James Crichtomi and 
James Mouat, and by the demissioun of Johne Cas- 
tellaw, last presentit thairto."* 

On the 13th November 1650, Holyroodhouse was 
partially destroyed by fire, which seems to have been 
incidentally kindled by a company of Cromwell's 
soldiers, accommodated in the structure. The Pro- 
tector did not occupy the palace during his visit in 
1648, or during any portion of his sojourn in 1650-1. 
In 1659 he gave orders to restore the building, and 
in the course of the following year repairs were pro- 
ceeded with, t 

On the 8th August 1654, the Protector granted to 
the University of Glasgow, for its better endowment, 
the superiorities of lands which had belonged to the 
bishopric of Glasgow, exclusive of the superiority of 
the deanery of the Chapel Eoyal. } 

During the early days of his adversity, Charles II. 

* Acta ParL Scot, vi., ii. 482. In the Eegister of Hclyroodliotise parish, 
styled <<The Bulk of the Kirk off the Canageit, 1564-1507/' occur these 
entries : '' The 21 of Aprill, anno Domini 1565, Alexander Castellaw, in 
the Cowgait, ane child callit James, his witnes Thomas Hoge, James 
Patersoun, gott in merriage, and hes bene at the commonioim." '^ The viii 
of Novembre 1567, Alexander Castella, ane child callit Johne, witnes 
Johne CasteUa." Probably the children so baptized were the subsequent 

t Nicoll's Diary, pp. 35, 224 ; Bannatyne Miscellany, ii 404. 

X Fasti EccL Scot., ii. 379, 840 ; Acta Pari Scot., vi., ii. 631. 

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had sworn to uphold the Coyenant and maintain 
the Presbyterian Church ; but before he left Breda 
to occupy the throne in 1660, he consented that 
Episcopacy should be restored. Among those ap- 
pointed to the bishoprics was Dr Robert Leighton, 
Principal of the University of Edinburgh, who was 
nominated to the diocese of Dunblane and dean- 
ery of the Chapel Royal. Justly reputed for his 
piety and learning, and withal moderate and concilia- 
tory, his appointment was unexceptionable. But 
Leighton would not accede to a proposal, believed 
to have been made to him, to leave his diocese with- 
out supervision and discharge weekly duty in the 
Abbey Church, already a collegiate parochial charge. 
His resolution being inconvenient, he was, in 1669, 
after holding office in the Chapel Royal for eight 
years, appointed Commendator of the archdiocese 
of Glasgow. Thereby a way was opened up for 
other contemplated changes. Meanwhile the career 
of Dr Leighton may be summarised. He was ap- 
pointed Archbishop of Glasgow in 1671 ; but, dis- 
gusted with regal despotism, and distressed by what 
he regarded as the indiscreet zeal of his Presby- 
terian brethren, he in 1674 relinquished his office. 
Retiring into private life, he died in London in June 
1684. He bequeathed his important theological 
library to the clergy of the diocese of Dunblane, 
by whom it is preserved. 
Among the more zealous promoters of the king's 

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restoration was Sir William Bruce, afterwards of 
Balcaskie, latterly of Kinross, Trained as an archi- 
tect abroad, this ardent royalist there gained the 
intimacy of Greneral Monk, to whom it is believed he 
suggested as a remedy for prevailing distractions the 
king's recall. He was privileged secretly to convey 
to Breda tidings of Monk's early eflforts in the royal 
cause.* Charles did not forget this important ser- 
vice, and immediately on his restoration constituted 
his faithful adherent Clerk to the Bills in the Court 
of Session, then a lucrative office. In 1668 Bruce 
was created a baronet, and soon thereafter was ap- 
pointed Surveyor-General of Eoyal Buildings. It 
was probably at this time that unknown to the Privy 
Council he was authorised by the king to prepare 
designs for the restoration of Holyroodhouse. Of 
these designs we are first informed in the summer of 
1671, when the Commissioners of Exchequer re- 
ceived a royal warrant, dated at Windsor Castle 3d of 
June, in which they were enjoined to allow Sir William 
Bruce to proceed with the work of restoration, con- 
formably with his designs, modified by certain "direc- 
tions" sent along with them, and which, according 
to the Earl of Lauderdale, the king had personally 
prepared. Among these " directions " the following 
relative to the proposed renovation of the "new" and 
'* auld " structures of the Chapel Royal are to be re- 
marked specially : 

* Douglas's Baronage, i. 245. 

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" In the Ground Plane, that which is designed for the low 
Chappell is to be made a large vaulted cellare ; for His Majestie 
will have noe Chappell in this new house, but ane entire from 
the Guarde Chambre on the Boyall Apartement towards the 
East into the Church, and his family prayers in or near the 
Presence as in Whitehall and his other houses here." 

" The upper storie of the Chappell abone the Great Celler His 
Majestie intends for a Councell-Chamber with ane outer roome, 
and the Closets for Clerks/' 

Here we definitely learn the king's intention to 
dispense with his principal chapel within the palace, 
a resolution which implied that accommodation 
would be sought elsewhere. This soon became ap- 
parent. It may only be remarked that the change 
was not ventured upon till Leighton, relieved of the 
deanery, was established at Glasgow in his new oflSce 
of commendator.* 

The king's wishes could now be sanctioned without 
protest. So we find that on the 23d September 1672, 
the Privy Council and Commissioners of Exchequer 
passed an Act declaring that the Abbey Church be- 
longed to the Crown, that it should be " His Majesteis 
Chapell Eoyeall in all tymes comeing," and that '* the 
magistrates of Edinburgh or Cannongate " should be 

* The date of Leighton's lemoyal to Gla^w is not precisely known ; it 
was certainly prior to the 6th April 1671, when he despatched from Glas- 
gow a letter to the clergy of the diocese of Dunblane, which commences, 
'' The superadded burden that I have here sits so hard upon me " ('* Regis- 
ter of the Diocesan Synod of Dunblane," edited with an Introduction and 
Biographical Notes by John Wilson, D.D., minister of Dunning. Edinb. 
1877, 4to). 

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discharged from longer using it as ^'ane paroch 

Whether owing to the royal visit, fixed for 1673, 
being postponed, or from financial or other considera- 
tions, the parishioners of the Canongate still continued 
in undisturbed possession of the Abbey Church. The 
cost of repairs on the palace proved not inconsider- 
able, and probably would have excited complaint, 
had not the joys of the restoration still lingered in 
Scottish hearts. Sir William's designs, which were 
chiefly executed by Robert Mylne, the king's mason, 
included the demolition of the five original courts 
and the removal of some works by Cromwell,t also 
the rebuilding of the entire palace, excepting that 
portion at the north-east comer, reared by James V. 
in 1628, and now known as Queen Mary's apartments. 
Conmienced in 1671, the new palace was finished in 
1574, but further repairs were proceeded with, which 
were not completed till 1679. The money which 
passed through the hands of the Surveyor-General 
from 1674 to 1679 was about £160,000 Scots, of 
which sum about four-fifths were spent on works at 

♦ Privj Conncil Register, No. 2, p. 629. 

t A portion of the king's " Directions ' to the Privy Council acoom- 
panying his warrant of June 1671 proceeds thus : ^ Wee doe hereby order 
you to cause that pairt thereof which was built by the usurpers, and doth 
daricen the court^ to be taken down." 

t See Papers by Dr Joseph Robertson and Mr David Marshall, in 
Proceedings of the Scottish Society of Antiquaries, vol. iii, 113-117, and 
vol. ii., new series, 324-337. 

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To the annals of the chapel we would return briefly. 
By a royal letter, dated 19th September 1662, James 
Hamilton, formerly minister at Dumfries and Edin- 
burgh, was granted four hundred marks as "the 
yearly tack dewtie of the personage and vicarrage 
teinds of St Mary's kirk of the Lowes," described as 
" one of the kirkes founded and mortified to our 
Chapell Boyal of Stirling now yacand in our hands 
by the deceis of Andro Sinclare, Johne Castellaw, or 
any others of the prebends or quiristers who had 
last right thereto." * Sometime agent to his uncle. 
Viscount Claneboy, James Hamilton was in 1625 
ordained by Robert, Bishop of Down, minister of 
Ballywalter. Deprived for declining to use the Ser- 
vice Book, he was reponed by authority of Parliament. 
In 1638 he was chosen minister of Dumfries. Visiting 
by order of the General Assembly the Presbyterians 
in the north of Ireland, he was taken prisoner by Col- 
kitto and committed to Mingary Castle, where he suf- 
fered irksome detention. Translated to Edinburgh in 
1647, he was thereafter appointed by the Church, also 
by Parliament, to the discharge of important duties. 
In May 1650, he was commissioned to examine the 
Marquis of Montrose after his capture. While sitting 
with a Committee of the Estates at Alyth in August 
1651, he was seized by the English army, carried to 
England, and there detained as a prisoner nineteen 

* Privy Seal Register, new series, i., fol. 142. 

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months.* His pension from the Chapel Royal he 
received on account of his " constant aflFection and 
loyalty " to the king, and his '' great losses and suffer- 
ings upon that accompt and imprisonment and other- 
wise during the late troubles." t 

In 1673 James Ramsay, minister of Hamilton, was 
in succession to Archbishop Leighton appointed 
Bishop of Dunblane and Dean of the Chapel Royal. 
Having charged Francis Kinloch of Gilmerton to 
make payment to him as dean of eight and a half 
chalders of victual out of the lands of Markle, Kin- 
loch sought a suspicion on the ground that the 
annuity was originally granted by the Earl of Both- 
well to Mr Thomas Craig, advocate, redeemable on 
the payment of 7000 marks. The lands afterwards 
came into the possession of Sir George Seton, who 
paid 700,0 marks to the king, and thereupon obtained 
a grant of redemption. Much litigation supervened, 
attended with decisions for and against the com- 


Bishop Ramsay was in 1684 translated to the 
bishopric of Ross, when Robert Douglas, Bishop 
of Brechin, was appointed to the conjunct offices. 
Deprived on the abolition of Episcopacy in 1689, 
Bishop Douglas retired to Dundee, where, in the 
enjoyment of a pension from William III., he 

* Fasti EccL Scot., i. 14, 568. 

t Privy Seal Register, new series, i., fol. 142. 

X Lord Fountainhall's Historical Notices. Edinb. 1848, i. 105. 

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resided till his death, which took place in April 

John Hamilton, who was in succession a regent 
in the University of St Andrews and minister of 
Cramond and South Leith, was appointed subdean 
in 1681. He was promoted to the bishopric of 
Dunkeld m 1686, and died before the 24th February 

On the 6th February 1685, James, Duke of York, 
succeeded to the throne. Indiscreet, cruel, and over- 
bearing, he was in his religious opinions strictly in 
earnest. Avowedly he was a member of the Bomish 
Church. At his command the painter Verrio deco- 
rated St George's Chapel, Windsor, which otherwise 
he adapted for Catholic worship. But in matters 
ecclesiastical James bestowed on Scotland a chief 
attention. There was in the north a greater scope. 
Zealous Protestants as they were, the Scots were 
equally remarkable for an excessive loyalty. Allegi- 
ance to the throne they cherished with a passionate 
force, which might not be restrained even by injustice. 
Already, as heir-apparent, James had experienced 
on three occasions an abundant hospitality at Edin- 
burgh, and there he had resolved to settle should his 
English subjects venture to dethrone him. Against 
this possible contingency some preparations were 
made even before the occurrence of the vacancy which 

* Fasti Eccl. Scot., ii. 840. 
t Ibid.,i. 101,133,394. 

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made him king ; for Hugh Wallace of Ingliston, the 
royal cash-keeper^ had, dming the two years preceding 
March 1686, disbursed to Mr James Smith, overseer 
at Holyroodhouse and Edinburgh Castle, for repairs 
chiefly on the former, the sum of £12,814, 10s. lOd. 
Scottish money. This amount, added to the £160,000 
expended principally on the palace buildings a few 
years before, implied an outlay which in the then 
impoverished condition of the Scottish exchequer 
must be regarded as enormous. Among the items 
were payments to James Bane, wright, and John 
Callander, smith, for repairing at Holyrood the king's 
privy chamber and oratory.* 

Having in the first instance resolved to traverse the 
late king's orders by causing the large apartment at 
Holyroodhouse, constructed as a council chamber, to 
be in terms of the original design adapted as a 
Chapel Eoyal, James despatched to the Scottish Privy 
Council the following mandate : 

" James, E., — 

" Bight trusty and right welbeloved cousins and councel- 
lors, right trusty and entirely beloved cousin and counceUor, and 
right trusty and welbeloved cousins and councellors, Wee greet 
you welL Whereas by our Letter (of the date of these presents) 
directed to the Duke of Hamilton, heretable Keeper of our 
Palace of Holyroodhouse, Wee have thought fit to require him 
to deliver up to our Chancellor, or any having his order, the Keys 
of that great Boome in our said Palace which formerly was 
designed to have been the Councell Chamber there ; Which Wee 
have appointed to be made use of hereafter as our ChappeU, 

* Dr David Lamg'ft MSS., University of Edi&buigh. 

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and are now resolved that the same be fitted for that purpose 
with all possible diligence. It is now our Will and pleasure : 
and Wee doe hereby authorise and require you presently to give 
the necessary orders for fitting and preparing the said great 
Boome, so as it shalbe needfuU for the same to be when made 
use of as our Chappell, according to such directions therein as 
shall be given by our said Chancellor, either for the Chappell it 
selfe or the closets and other conveniencies thereunto belonging, 
and at our charge to order the pajrment of all expenses needfull 
to be laid out upon this occasion, which shalbe allowed to you 
in your accompts. The performance whereof without any delay 
Wee doe hereby recommend to your particular care. And for 
your doing the same this shalbe your warrant. So wee bid you 
heartily ffarewell. Given at our Court at Windsor, the 25th 
day of September 1686, and of our Reigne the 2d year. 
" By his Majesty's command. 

" Melfort." 

The intended adaptation of the Great Boom to the 
purpose for which it was originally designed may 
have been partly intended as a compliment to the 
architect, Sir William Bruce. Arrangements made 
progress, as appears from the following royal letter, 
dated 5th February 1687 : 

"Jambs, E., — 

" Eight trusty and right welheloved cousins and councel- 
lors, right trusty and entirely beloved cousins and councellors, 
and right trusty and welheloved cousins and councellors, Wee 
greet you well. Whereas by our Letter of the date of these 
presents to our right trusty and entirely beloved cousin 
and councellor William, Duke of Hamilton, Heretable Keeper 
of our Palace of Holyroodhouse, Wee haue signified our pleasure 
concerning the enlargement of our Chappell there, by allowing 
that wall to be taken downe which is upon the right hand in 
the passage that leads from the head of the great staire, to the 

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round staires or turnpike that leads up to the third story, accord- 
ing to the directions of our Chancellor and our Almoner there. 
It is now our will and pleasure, and Wee doe hereby authorise 
and require you at our charge to cause the expenses of taking 
downe the said wall and making what other conveniencie is 
needfull for the enlargement aforesaid to be laid out, and to take 
care that the said expences be computed at reasonable rates to 
the workmen and others that shalbe imployed in making the 
said enlargement. For paying of which expences these presents 
t(^ther with the receipts of the workmen and others aforesaid, 
shalbe to you and to all others respectively who may be therein 
any way concerned, particularly to the Lords Auditors of your 
accompts for allowing the same a sufBcient warrant. And so 
Wee bid you heartily flfareweU. Given at our Court at White- 
hall, the 5th day of February 168f, and of our Eeigne the 
2d year. 

" By his Majesty's command. 

" Melfort." 

In view of a Boman Catholic Chapel being esta- 
blished at Holyroodhouse, the Lord Chancellor Perth, 
an attached friend of the king, had in 1685 made 
large purchases. Writes Lord Fountainhall : '*He 
got from the king £8000 sterling, with which he 
bought altars, candlesticks, priests' garments, and 
other ornaments and popish gauds for erecting the 
Chappell in the Abbey and brought them home ; 
and tho ther be Acts of Parliament for seizing such 
trash, yet our customers past them/* * 

A counterpart to the conduct of Archbishop Laud 
at the court of Charles II. was at the court of James 

* Lord Fountainhairs Historical Observes of Memorable Documents 
from October 1680 to April 1681. Edinb. 1840, 4to, p. 241. 

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enacted by the brothers James and John Drommond, 
Earls of Perth and Melfort The Earl of Perth, the 
elder brother, who was now Lord CJhancellor, had 
acquired an unenviable notoriety by inventing the 
thumbscrew, an instrument which, by producing 
exquisite torture, was found more eflBcacious in ex- 
torting confession than ''the boot" of his royal master. 
Melfort, the younger brother, who as a principal 
secretary of state subscribes these earlier documents, 
possessed a literary aptitude which enabled him to 
indulge a lofty rodomontade that served momentarily 
to deceive. 

From what had already occurred, the brothers 
Drummond well knew that any manifesto suddenly 
put forth to establish at Holyroodhouse a Catholic 
chapel would involve an unpleasant result, therefore 
they proceeded cautiously. There was a steady pre- 
paration secretly conducted. The king named, as 
Almoner of the Chapel Koyal, Alexander Dunbar, 
a supposed Catholic, and in order to his maintenance 
granted the following letter : 

" Jakes, R, — 

" Right trusty and right welbeloved cousins and councel- 
lots, right trusty and entirely beloved cousius and councellors, 
and rilght trusty and welbeloved cousins and counceUors, Wee 
greet you welL Whereas Wee did formerly resolve to bestow 
the sume of one hundred pounds sterline money yearly for pro- 
vidiQg and furnishing Wine, Oyle, Bread, and other necessaries 
for the vse of our Chappell in our Palace of Holyroodhouse : and 
in regard the same was destinated by Us for the vse aforesaid 

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long before the terme of Mertimes last : It is now our will and 
pleasure, and Wee doe hereby authorise and require you to pay, 
or cause to be paid unto Mr Alexander Dunbar, our Almoner 
there (to be disposed of at the sight, and by the approbation of 
our right, trusty, and right welbeloved cousin and councellor 
James, Earle of Perth, our chancellor), the sume of fifty pounds 
aterline for the said terme of Mertimes last, with fifty pounds 
sterline more for the terme of Whitsunday, lately past in this 
present year of God, and fifty pounds sterline immediatly after 
the terme of Mertimes next ensuing the date of these presents, 
out of the first and readiest of our Bents, Bevenues, Customes, 
and casualities whatsumever of that our ancient Kingdome: 
and so forth to continue yearly and termely thereafter during 
our BoyaU pleasure only. For doiug whereof, these presents 
(together with our said Almoner, his receipts from time to time) 
shalbe to you, and all others respectively who may be therein 
any way concerned, particularly to the Lords Auditors of your 
accompts for allowing the same a sufficient warrant. And so 
Wee bid you heartily flTarewell. Given at our Court at White- 
hall, the 19th day of May 1687, and of our Beigne the 3d year. 
" By his Majesty's command. 

" Melfort." 

Also on the 19th of May were the Privy Council 
enjoined to make payment of one hundred pounds for 
a musical servica The royal letter on this subject 
proceeds : 

•' James, R, — 

"Bight trusty and right welbeloved cousius and coun- 
cellors, light trusty and entirely beloved cousins and councellors, 
and right trusty and welbeloved cousins and councellors, 
Wee greet you well Whereas Wee did formerly resolve to 
bestow the sume of one hundred pounds sterline money yearly 
upon the Fersones appointed for the service of the Musick 
imployed for the vse of our Chappell in our Palace of Holyrood- 

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house ; and in regard the same was destinated by Us for them 
long before the terme of Whitsunday lately past in this present 
year of God : It is now our Will and pleasure, and Wee doe 
hereby authorise and require you to pay, or cause to be paid, 
unto Mr Alexander Dunbar, our Almoner there (to be disposed 
of at the sight and by the approbation of our right trusty and 
right welbeloved cousin and councellor, James, Earle of Perth, 
our Chancellor), the sume of fifty pounds sterline for the said 
terme of Whitsunday lately past in this present year of Gkxl, 
and fifty pounds sterline immediatly after the terme of Mer- 
times next ensuing the date of these presents, out of the first 
and readiest of our Rents, Bevenues, Customes, and Casualities 
whatsoever of that our ancient Eingdome ; and so forth to con- 
tinue yearly and termely thereafter, during our Boyall pleasure 
only. For doing whereof, these presents (together with our said 
Almoner his receipts from time to time) shalbe to you, and all 
others respectively who may be therein any way concerned, 
particularly to the Lords Auditors of your Accompts for allow- 
ing the same, a sufficient warrant. And so Wee bid you heartily 
ffarewelL Given at our Court at Whitehall, the 19th day of 
May 1687, and of Our Beigne the 3d year. 

<<By his Majestys command. 

" Melfort." 

Having nominated a Romish almoner, and made 
provision for a musical staflF, James proceeded to fiiUy 
constitute the Chapel Royal as a conventual church. 
As abbot he nominated Father Richard Augustin 
Hay, Canon of St Genevieve, Paris. On this subjept 
we have Hay's own authority. "King James the 
seventh," he writes, " intended to bestow that place 
upon our Canons of Saint Genoveves. For that 
eflTect I began to trait with the Earle of Perth, the 
29th of May 1687, att seven of the clock att night, 

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and continued the 31st of May, the 2, 4, 13, 16 days 
of June."* 

Under the guidance of Perth and Melfort, James 
had actually restored the Abbey Church as a Romish 
convent, when he publicly announced that he meant 
differently. It was his royal intention, he averred, 
to utilise the church as the chapel of an Order of 
Chivalry, which he had revived in honour of his 
ancient kingdom. To impress this upon the country, 
Melfort exercised his literary craft in framing the fol- 
lowing warrant; it appeared in a Latin dress, but 
we present an English translation : 

" James, R, — 

"Our Sovereign Lord ordains a Letter Patent to be 
made and passed under the Great Seal of the ancient kingdom 
of Scotland, making mention that whereas his Majesty's royal 
predecessor, Achaius, King of Scots (of glorious memory), did 
institute the most ancient and most noble Order of the Thistle, 
consisting of the Sovereign and Twelve Knights Brethren, in 
allusion to our blessed Saviour and His Twelve Apostles, and 
that under the protection of our Blessed Lady and her holy 
Apostle, Saint Andrew, Patron of Scotland, the said Order being 
instituted for the defence of the Christian Religion, and in 
commemoration of a signal victory obtained by the said Achaius, 
King of Scots, over Athelstan, King of the Saxons, after a bloody 
battle, in the time of which there appeared in the heavens a 
White Cross, in form of that upon which the Apostle, Saint 
Andrew, suflFered martyrdom, by which apparition the Scots, 
being encouraged, put their enemies to flight, killing the said 
Athelstan, with most of his followers. And it being most cer- 
tain, by the general consent of ancient and modern historians, 

* Father Hay, Diflomatum Veterum CoUectio^ i., p. 288, MS. Advocates 

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and by several other authentic proofs and documents and records 
of that Elingdom, that the said most ancient and most noble 
Order of the Thistle continued in great glory and splendour for 
many hundreds of years, and that several Foreign Princes and 
Kings have been Knights of the said Order, and that the same 
was always had in great respect and honour in all places wher- 
ever Christian valour advanced the glory of the Cross, until the 
unfortunate Bebellion against His Majesty's Royal greatgrand- 
mother, Mary Queen of Scots (of most pious and glorious 
memory), at which time the splendour both of Morals and 
Monarchy fell together into contempt, and the Most Noble 
Order, with all its ornaments and rites and ceremonies, was 
extinguished, some of the Brethren of that Order laying the 
the ensigns thereof aside, and out of a rebellious contempt to 
their then Sovereign Lady, His Majesty's said Royal Great Grand- 
mother, and others of them, forced to fly into foreign countries 
for safety of their lives. And whereas the succeeding great 
disorders and dismal rebellions, in the reigns of His Majesty's 
Royal Predecessors since that time, hath hindered and diverted 
them from restoring the said Order to its former ancient lustre, 
His Majesty hath now thought fit, as a mark of Royal favour 
and esteem of that his ancient Kingdom, and of the desire he 
hath to restore it to its former splendour and reputation, con- 
sidering the many and seasonable instances of duty and affection 
it has shown to His Royal person, both since his accession to 
the Crown and in times of his greatest difficulties^ has, as a 
lasting mark of Royal favour, and in remembrance of the 
nation's duty and affection unto him, to all succeeding ages, 
thought fit at this time to revive the said Order, of which His 
Majesty is undoubted and rightful Sovereign ; and doth hereby 
revive and restore the same to its full glory, lustre, and magni- 
ficence, as it heretofore was, with such change and additions as 
are abeady made, or shall hereafter be declared by His Majesty ; 
hereby giving to it Twelve Knights, of which, with His Majesty 
as Sovereign, the Order above named is to consist in all time 
coming, all honours, dignities, titles, privileges, additions, and 
others, which either have in time past belonged to the Most 

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Noble Order of the Thistle, or what His Majesty shall declare 
to belong thereunto in time coming, as an evident proof that no 
dutiful or faithful service done by His people shall be passed over 
without suitable return of bounty, honour, and favour for him. 
And His Majesty ordains the said Letter patent to be passed 
under the Great Seal aforesaid 'per saltum, without passing any 
other Eegister or Seal; in order whereunto these presents shall 
be to the Director of His Majesty's Chancellary, and their De- 
puties for visiting of the same, and to the Lord High Chancellor, 
for causing the Great Seal to be appended thereunto, a sufficient 
Warrant. Given at the Court at Windsor, the 29th day of May 
1687, and of His Majesty's reign the third year." * 

The statements so put forth were wholly fictitious. 
The legend respecting Achaius and Athelstan is 
founded upon that other monastic legend connected 
with the conversion of the emperor Constantino. 
First assigned a place in history by John of Fordun, 
it was reproduced, with fresh colouring, by Bishop 
Leslie and others. Even though the narrative had 
rested on a probable foundation, it bears in its earlier 
details no relation to the establishment of a chivalric 
order, t 

The figure of St Andrew the apostle was not used 
as a national symbol prior to the reign of Robert II. 
(1371-1390). In this reign was struck a gold coin ex- 
hibiting the apostle on his cross, and which was called 
the St Andrew. An effigy of the apostle was struck on 

* Register of the Great Seal, Ixxi. 128. 

t See an exhaustiYe paper on the origin of the city of St Andrews and 
its early ecclesiastical settlement, by Mr William F. Skene, now Historio- 
grapher Boyal. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, vol. 
iv., pp. 300-321. 

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gold coins of different sizes during the reigns of 
James II., III., and IV.* As an emblem the Thistle 
is unknown prior to the reign of James III. In an 
inventory of household articles belonging to the queen 
of that sovereign, dated 1488, a coverlet is described 
as embroidered with thistles. The words are, "A 
couering of variand purpir tartar, browdin with thris- 
sillis and a vnicome."t In his poem, "The Thistle 
and the Rose," composed in 1503 in honour of the 
betrothal of James IV. and the Princess Margaret, 
William Dunbar celebrates the king under the em- 
blem of a Thistle. He chose this symbol apparently 
in contra-distinction to the Bose, under which em- 
blem he designates the royal princess, who was 
descended from the joint stems of York and Lan- 
caster. On his coin, the angel, James IV. had 
the thistle as a mint mark. And on a letter 
addressed by him to Ferdinand II., King of Aragon, 
dated at Edinburgh, the kalends of July 1512, the 
impression of his seal would seem to represent a 
collar of thistles and knots enclosing the royal 
shield. I A collar, formed of thistles of gold, to 
which was attached an oval badge, with the eflSgy of 
St Andrew, was by James V. worn as a decoration. 
Such a collar was displayed on the great seal of 
Queen Mary, and was also struck upon her coins. 

♦ Cochran-Patrick*8 Coinage of Scotland, 1876, voL ii., plate 2. 

t Treaanrert Accounts, i. 86. 

X Egerton MSS., in the Britisli Museum, No. 616, p. 39. 

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The coins of James VI. displayed a thistle with 
leaves. The motto, Nemo me impune lacesset, which 
first appeared on the Scottish coinage in 1581, was, 
it is believed, suggested by Buchanan. 

Up to this time we have in Scotland no trace of 
a chivalric order. The decoration of St Andrew 
on his cross and the symbol of the thistle were 
used by the sovereign only. So far as appears, the 
Order of St Andrew is first mentioned by Men- 
nenius, in his Delicice Equestrium sive Militarum 
Ordinum^ printed at Cologne in 1613. His authority 
was accepted by others, till at length Elias Ashmole, 
the heraldic antiquary, writing in 1672,* sets forth 
the Order of the Thistle in the manner described in 
James's warrant, though with details less copious. 
Ashmole chiefly depends on information derived 
from contemporaries. His informants are Sir Charles 
Erskine, Lyon Eang of Arms, and the Earl of Lau- 
derdale. The latter assumed that ''among his 
readings he had discovered that the knights were 
thirteen in number, corresponding with the numbers 
of the apostolic college." His acquaintance with 
the order, Sir Charles Erskine based on a MS. of 
Sir James Balfour, said to have been lost. But in 
Balfour's numerous writings which are extant, the 
order is unnamed ! 
• That two gossiping and credulous writers such as 

* The Institution, Laws, and Ceremonies of the Most Noble Order of the 
Garter, etc., by Elias Ashmolei Windsor Herald, Lond. 1672. 


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Sir George Mackenzie and Alexander Nisbet * should 
repeat the story of Achaius with modern additions 
may not excite surprise. After relating the legend in 
detail, Nisbet affects to doubt it. An accomplished 
scholar, Mackenzie was ready to assert anything 
which would gratify his sovereign's wishes. Both 
writers set forth that Achaius made a league with 
Charlemagne, and that in honour of the event the 
former instituted this knightly order. Among the 
ruins of the monastery at Scone, writes Nisbet, Sir 
James Balfour found a MS., describing the corona- 
tion of Alexander III. in 1249, and in which it 
appeared that the coronation had been postponed till 
the sovereign, a child of nine years, became a knight 
of St Andrew. By Robert the Bruce the order, he 
asserts, was chivalrously restored. It was, he adds, 
splendidly renovated by James V., who added a coDar 
of thyme and rue, and at a chapter at Linlithgow 
constituted George, Lord Seaton, one of the knight 
companions. Both Nisbet and Mackenzie allege that 
the knights, arrayed in their parliamentary robes, met 
yearly on St Andrew's Day. The latter describes 
them as convening in St Andrews cathedral, the 
former as assembling at St Andrews ** in the ancient 
chapel of the order." But all this is fiction. 

As in other conspiracies, everything had been ar- 
ranged to strike at once. On the 29th May the 

* Sir Qeorge Mackenzie's Observations tipon the Laws and Customs of 
Nations as to Precedency. Edinb. 1680, pp. 99-101 ; Nisbet's SyBtem of 
Heialdiy, ii. 104-122.- 

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warrant was issued for the pretended revival of the 
order^ and on the same day was prepared a patent 
for its restitution to be passed under the great seal. 
Such was the precipitation that the patent was 
exhibited even before the great seal had been ap- 
pended. Other manifestoes followed. On the 31st 
May the statutes of the order were published, and 
Melfort's under-secretary. Sir Andrew Forrester, 
was appointed as its secretary.* Eight knights were 
created on the 8th June — all vigorous adherents of 
the royal policy. 

On the 28th June James again communicated with 
the Council. Referring to his edict for reconstitut- 
ing the Order of the Thistle, his Majesty reveals 
more plainly what his real intentions were. He 
desired that the Abbey Church might be recovered 
from the magistrates of Edinburgh, ^^not only as 
being most fit and convenient for accommodating the 
Klnights of the Thistle," but as, to quote his own 
words, "also most proper for the performance of 
religious worship and exercise of our household, when 
we shall have occasion to be there, our present chapel 
in that palace not being large enough for the same." 
Therefore were the Council enjoined to call upon the 
civic authorities " to deliver up the keys of the church 
to the Earl of Perth, the Chancellor," in order that it 
might be adapted as 'Hhe chapel of the said Order." 

* History of the Orden of Knighthood, by Sir Nicholas Harris Nicolas, 
iii. 18-20. 

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To compensate the parishioners of the Canongate, 
James proposed to grant to the Town Council for 
erecting a new church, money " long ago mortified by 
Thomas Moodie, sometime merchant in Edinburgh, 
of which the disposal was by Act of Parliament 
vested in the Crown. Private citizens who possessed 
lofts and galleries were to be accommodated with 
similar conveniences in the new church,* 

The royal letter from which we have taken 
these extracts was on the 12th July laid on the 
Council table. Lord Fountainhall, who was present, 
thus describes the occurrence : 

" July 12, 1687. At Privy Council, there is a letter read from 
.the King, bearing, that the Abbay Church was the Cbapel be- 
longing to his Palace of Holy-roodhouse ; and that the Knights 
of the noble Order of the Thistle, which he had now erected, 
could not meet in St Andrews church (being demolished in the 
Eebellion, as they called our Eeformation), and so it was neces- 
sary for them to have this church ; and the Provost of Edinburgh 
was ordained to see the keys of it given them. After a long 
silence, the Archbishop of Glasgow f told it was a mensal and 

♦ Maitland'B History of Edinburgh, 1753, fol., pp. 142, 143. In 1650 
Thomas Moodie, or, as he is styled in Slezer's TheatrumScoti(B, p. 7, Sir Thomas 
Moodie of Sachten-Hall, bequeathed the sum of twenty thousand marks to 
the Town Council, in trust, for building a church in the town, and which, 
after various projects for its application, was at length made use of in pro- 
viding a church for the parishioners of the Canongate, on their ejection 
from the Abbey Church (Wilson*s Memorials of Edinburgh, 1872, p. 428). 

f A native of Aberdeenshire, Archbishop John Paterson, an early op- 
ponent of the Covenant, was promoted from Ellon to a charge at Edin- 
burgh, in which diocese he became dean. He was afterwards in succession 
Bishop of jQalloway and Edinburgh and Archbishop of Qlasgow. He ac- 
cumulated wealth, which he invested in estates in different parts of the 
. country ; he died in 1708. 

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patrimonial church of the Bishopiick of Edinburgh : And though 
he was now translated, and the See vacant, yet it belonged not 
to the Provost to deliver the keys ; This was understood that he 
was seeking the compliment, to be employed himself, to keep 
some possession in Edinburgh, whereof he was seeking to be 
Commendator; however it was adjusted, that the keys should 
be immediately delivered to the Chancellor himself; and the 
inhabitants of the Ganongate (whose parochial church, it was 
not of old before the Eeformation, but belonged to the Convent 
there) were ordained to go to the Lady Tester's Church ; and 
the French minister and congregation were put out of it to the 
High-school, or Common-halL So this is the first Protestant 
church taken away from us." ♦ 

The preceding relation of Lord Fountainhall is 
confirmed and followed up by another contemporary, 
Father Richard Hay.— " Tewsday the 11th of July," 
writes this respected chronicler, "the keys of the 
church were given to my Lord Chancellar, who 
delivered them next morning to the Provost, and gave 
him fourteen days to take away the sets the bedler 
had care thereof. The Sunday following the Abbay 
parish was transferred to the Lady Esther's [Yester's] 
Church, and the minister thereof preached therein." t 

The following minute of the Town Council of 
Edinburgh, dated 13th July 1687, proves that the 
surrender of the Abbey Church was promptly ac- 
ceded to : 

" Edinburgh, the thirteenth July j" vj"" eightie seven years. 

" The which day the Councell considering the Kings Majestie 

* Loid Fountainhairs Decisions, i 466. 

t Father Hay, Diphmatum Vetmtm CoUiciiOy i., p. 288. 

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has appointed the inhabitants of the Canongate to remove from 
the Abbay Church in respect the said kirk is to be inlarged oon- 
forme to the draught therof approven by his Majestie, and that 
his Majestic by his Letter has appointed the parochiners and in- 
habitants to be accomodat in the Ladie Zoster's kirk untill such 
tyme there be a kirk built for them : Therfor they recomend 
to the Dean of Gild to cause deliver the keyes of the said Ladie 
Zester's kirk befor ffryday next^ and because the ffrench minister 
has this long tyme bygane preached in the said Ladie Zester's 
kirk, therfor they appoint him to preach in the comon hall of 
the CoUedge quhich they think most fitt for accomodating the 
french congregation during the councells pleasure." * 

The Privy Council moved tardily. Subservient as 
were the majority, neither the insignia of the 
Thistle, nor even the favour of the sovereign himself 
might induce them rashly to excite popular violence. 
Even Melfort hesitated. But Alexander Stewart, 
Earl of Moray, who had lately abjured Protestantism, 
proved equal to the occasion. As Lord High Com- 
missioner he, in the following letter, bearing the 
king's superscription, charged and warned the Privy 
Council : 

" James, R, — 

" Eight trusty and right welbeloved cousins and councellors^ 
right trusty and entirely beloved cousins and councellors, and 
right trusty and welbeloved cousins and councellors, Wee greet 
you welL Whereas Wee haue resolved that our Chappell at 
Holyroodhouse (formerly made use of as the Parish Church of 
the Canongate) be repaired and put in order with all possible 
expedition, to the end it may be fitted in all things for being 
our own Catholick Chappell where divine service may be per- 

* Burgh Records of Edinburgh, yoL zzxii., fol. 127. 

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formed, and likewise be made capable of the ceremonies and 
solemnities of the most ancient and most Noble Order of the 
Thistle: and whereas Wee doe well know that the much 
greater part of the work and materialls needfull for this repara- 
tion can be had much better and cheaper at London than in 
Scotland, and therefore haue ordered our right trusty and right 
welbeloved cousin and councellor, John, Ectrle of Melfort, one of 
our Principall Secretaries of State to engage Mr James Foulis, 
merchant in London, to become boimd to the carvers, joyners, 
and other workmen here, to be employed in and about the said 
work and reparation, who would not undertake the same with- 
out good security in our City of London for performance of the 
conditions that are agreed on with them for that effect; in 
order whereunto the said Earle of Melfort having by our ex- 
presse order and speciall command signed the several! Bills of 
Exchange here undermentioned drawn by him upon 
Maxwell of Eirkonnell, and John Drummond, two of our 
^Receivers and Paymasters, for the punctual! payment whereof 
the said Earle has given his own private security to the said 
Mr James Foulis, viz. : One Bill for nine hundred twenty two 
pounds and six shillings sterline, payable here the 20th day of 
January next : Item, a second Bill of Exchange for four hun- 
dred and seventy pounds and eight shillings sterline, payable 
here the 20th of February next : Item, a third Bill for four 
hundred and ten pounds sterline money, payable at Edinburgh 
the first day of May next ensuing the date of these presents ; 
in which three Bills (all payable to the said Mr James Foulis or 
his order) the exchange and other reasonable allowances being 
already included: It is now our expresse Will and pleasure, 
and Wee doe hereby authorise and strictly require you to make 
or cause to be made exact and punctuall payments of the several! 
sumes mentioned in* the said Bills upon the respective dayes 
aforesaid when they shall become due. Wherein you are not 
(upon any consideration) to faile, not only for the reason of our 
having obliged the said Earle of Melfort to engage his own 
private credit for the punctuall performance of the same, but 
also because Wee are obliged to pay interest to the said Mr 

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James Foulis, from and after the respective dayes aforesaid, so 
long as the said summes or any of them shall remaine unpaid ; 
which Wee doe hereby recommend unto your speciall care to 
prevent, as that which will be very unacceptable unto Us. And 
in regard that for compleating the said works and reparations 
there wilbe a further charge and expence of moneys needfull 
for mason work, paving, glasing, sarking, and roofing, it is our 
further expresse will and pleasure that you pay or cause to be 
paid such summe or summes of money as shalbe from time to 
time needfull for the same, or for any other necessaries that 
wilbe requisite for that effect, so as the whole work and repara- 
tion may be fully compleated, and our own said Chappell be 
exactly put in order for the purposes already mentioned, before 
the first day of May next to come precisely — in failour of which 
Wee cannot but be highly displeased : And therefore doubt 
not but you wilbe most carefull to have the same fully per- 
formed. For all which, these presents shalbe to you, and all 
others respectively who may be therein any way concerned, par- 
ticularly to the Lords Auditors of your accompts for allowing 
the payments of the severall summes, and the other charges and 
expences already mentioned, a sufficient warrant And so Wee 
bid you heartily flfarewelL Given at our Court at Whitehall, 
the 3d day of December 1687, and of our Reigne the 3d year. 
" By his Majesty's conmiand. 


Not as a mere act of despotism did James issue 
the command, whereby he demanded of the Privy 
Council to make payment of bills of exchange, in 
the executing of which they had expressed no con- 
currence. There were hidden causes. James had 
committed himself to purchases of an illegal cha- 
racter, a revelation of which would have excited 
insurrection. On his behalf the Lord Chancellor 
Perth had, in 1685, expended £8000 sterling in pro- 

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I « ■ VL ■« ■ ■■ 


curing Bomish '' gauds '* for Holyrood Chapel, in 
contravention of the Acts of Parliament.* And, 
according to Lord Fountainhall, a further importation 
had lately been effected. His lordship writes : "23 
Novembris 1686. — The King's Yaught arrived from 
London at Leith, with the Popish altar, vestements, 
images. Priests, and other dependers, for the Popish 
Chapell in the Abbey." t This cargo was no doubt 
the product of " the carvers, joyners, and other work- 
men,** engaged by Mr James Foulis, and for which 
were drawn Melfort's bills. The charge of £1802, 14s. 
sterling, being made in three bills, it was hoped that the 
small amount payable on each would avert complaint. 
Doubtless the cause of the debt, disguised in the 
king's letter, was patent to the Council ; but under 
the recollection of the serious disturbance which 
occurred in 1680, when the Pope's eflBgy was burned 
at Edinburgh, they maintained a prudent silence. 
In the second portion of his letter, James enjoins the 
Council to at once employ skilled workmen, in order 
to the restoration of the church, so that, under his 
Majesty's highest displeasure, it might be completed 
before the following May. 

A brief outline of the early history of the Abbey 
Church is now essential. Founded by David I. in 
1128, and by him dedicated to the honour of the 
Holy Cross, the Virgin, and All Saints, the Abbey 

♦ See mpra, p. ccxxi. 

t Lord FoontainhalPs Historical Notices, ii. 7 A, 

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was planted with canons regular of the Augustine 
order. Within the structure John Baliol held a Par- 
liament in 1296, and in the adjacent chapel was a 
Council convened in 1303 by his son Edward. In 
the abbey hospitality was, in 1381, extended to John 
of Guunt. Burned in 1385 by Richard II., the 
fabric was subsequently repaired. The occasional 
resort of Robert III. and James I., it was the birth- 
place of James II., the place of his coronation, also 
of his sepulture. In the abbey was James III. 
married in 1469 to Margaret of Denmark. Pre* 
paratory to his marriage with Margaret, the English 
princess, in 1503, James lY. constructed a palace at 
the spot, which, afterwards extended by the regent 
John, Duke of Albany, and James Y., forms the 
older portion of that royal residence which exists 
now. After several dilapidations, the church of the 
abbey was, about 1460, restored by the abbots 
Archibald Campbell ; it was, along with the palace, 
partially burned by the English army in 1544; and 
again in 1547. The palace was further dilapidated, 
and a portion of the furniture seized and scattered, 
by the Reformers in 1559; yet it was found suffi- 
cient to acconmiodate Queen Mary and her court 
on her return to Scotland in 1561.* 

* At the Keformation the revenues of the abbey were set down at £2926, 
88. 6d. money, and 116 chalders of yictiud. For further authentic details 
respecting the history of Holyroodhouse, see Historia Miraculose Funda- 
tionis Monasterii Sancte Crucis, prope Edinburgh ; Inventarium localiumy 
etc., Magni Altaris ejusdem monasterii, mcgcglxzziii., Bannatyne Miscel- 

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The prevailing belief that Queen Mary was married 
to Lord Damley in the Abbey Church rests^ we 
think, on insufficient eTidehce. At the time of the 
marriage the church seems to have been used for 
worship by the parishioners of the Canongate. Mr 
John Brand, minister of the Canongate, published the 
queen's banns, and a record of the event in the Kirk 
Session Minute Book of that parish proceeds thus : 

"The 21 of Julij Anno Domini 1565.— The quhilk day Johne 
Brand, mynister, presentit to ye Kirk ane writting, written be ye 
Justice Clark hand, desyiing ye Kirk of ye Cannogait and mynis- 
ter thairof, to proclame Harie, Duk of Abbynye, erle of Eois, etc., 
on ye one part, and Marie, be ye grace of Grod quene souerane 
of this realme, on ye vthair part The q* ye Kirk ordanis ye 
mynister so to do with inwocation of ye name of God." 

In the Marriage Register of the Canongate is the 
following entry : " Henry, Duk of Albany, erll of 
Eois, Marie, be the grace of God, quen souerane of 
this realme, 1, 2, %" In continuation of this entry 
are these words : " Married in the chappell."* 

lany, vol. ii., p. 11 ; Chronicon CoBnobii Sanctae Grucis EdinburgenBis, 
edited by Mr Robert Pitcaim, Bannatyne Club, 1828, 4to; also Liber 
Cartarnm Sancte Cmcis ; Munimenta Ecclesie Sancte Crucis de Edwines- 
burg, with a preface by Professor Cosmo Innes, Bannatyiie Club, 1841.' 

♦ Buik of the Kirk of the Canagait, 1564-67. The entry in the Marriage 
Begister is in these words : '^ The 29 day of Julij anno 1565. Henry and 
Marie, Kyng and qwene of Scottis." It will be remarked in the entry of 
proclamation that the banns had been proclaimed twice only, the figure 3 
being deleted by the registrar. In the same Register appear under the 
heading of ** The persons that has communicat the time of their deceis day 
and zeir beginning anno 1565," these two remarkable entries, which are 
totally unconnected with the preamble — " Mons^" Singnior Dauid yes slane 
in Halyrudhous the ix day of Merche anno 1565 ;" ''The Kyng's grace 
blaven vp y^ buder in ye Kirk of Feild the z of Februar 1566." 

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In naming the locality of Queen Mary's marriage, 
Lord Herries, a contemporary, remarks that it was 
solemnised "by Mr John Sinkclare, persone of Ees- 
telrigg, in the Chappell Royal of Hallirudhous, at 
mass."* And Sir James Melville describes the cere- 
mony as being performed in the " Palace of Halyrood- 
House uithin the Queen's Chappel at the Mass."t 
Now the place in which Mary had mass performed 
on her arrival from France was certainly not the 
Abbey Church, but a chapel within the Palace. 
Such a chapel is described in the report of Sir 
Robert Drummond in 1583, J and to it, we conceive, 
does Lord Henries allude when he refers to Lord 
Glencaim's procedure at Holyroodhouse in June 
1567, after Mary's imprisonment at Lochleven. His 
statement is : 

" The Earle of Glencaime, with his domestick servants onlie 
in his companie, went to the Chappell of Halliroodhous, and 
with great noyse broake doune the altar, and defaced everie 
thing that pertained to the ornaments therof ; which was much 
commended by the ministrie, for an act of pietie and zeale ; but 
the nobilitie did not approve it, for they reprehended him for 
acting without a publick order." § 

Further, the General Assembly of 1569 having 
charged Adam Bothwell, commendator of Holyrood, 

* Lord Herriee' " Hietorie of the Reigne of Marie Queen of Scots." Ab- 
botsford Club, 1834, pp. 70, 71. 
t Sir James MelvU's " Memoires." Lond. 1683, p. 67. 
X See supra, p. xciv. 
§ Lord Herrics's " Historie," p. 97. In his History of Edinburgh, Mait- 

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with allowing some churches to fall into decay, he 
in defence pleaded that with respect to the Abbey 
Church it had been ruinous " these twentyjears by- 
gane/' and accordingly he proposed and was per- 
mitted by the Assembly to, dispose of the materials 
forming the choir and transept in order to procure 
funds for repairing the nave, so that it might be in com- 
fortable use by the parishioners of the Canongate.^ 
Within the restored nave was crowned, in 1590, Anne 
of Denmark, Queen of James VI.t From this period 
up to the accession of James VII. the chief events 
connected with the Abbey Church have been detailed. 
By the Privy Council the injunction of the 3d 
December 1687 was fully obeyed. Under their 
sanction was introduced daily service according to 
the Bomish ritual. In reference to this arrangement 
Lord Fountainhall has the following : 

" 6 Februaxij 1688. — In the evening and next morning many 
Litanies and Masses are said in the Abbey, by the Popish Priests, 
for the soul of King Charles the 2d, to bring him out of Purga- 
tory, he having died on that day now three years agoe.** } 

land lemarkB that there was a Chapel at Holyrood adjoining the Dean's 
House in St Anne's Yard, of which the remains existed in his time 
(Maitland's History of Edinburgh, 1753, p. 153). As confirmatory of our 
view as to the Queen's Chapel in the Palace heing the scene of her marriage 
with Lord Damley, we may refer to a case of discipline in the Canongate 
R^;ister. Therein it appears that, on the 12th July 1565, Symon Lokart 
acknowledged his offence in having ** abusit" the sacrament of baptism, by 
having ''his bame baptizet in Papestrie in the chappell.'' 

* Booke of the Universall Kirk, Bannatyne Club, pp. 163, 167. 

t Papers relative to the Marriage of King James VI., Bannatyne Club, 
1828, p. 39. 

t Lord Fountainhall's Historical Notices, p. 852. 

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Having actively pushed. forward his monastic pre- 
parations, Father Hay was enabled on the 22d March 
to issue the printed rules of a Catholic College which 
he had established at Holyrood, and in which was 
offered gratuitous instruction.* Riots in the city 
which attended these innovations were rigorously 
suppressed^ two of the rioters being executed and 
others publicly flogged.t 

In the Town Council minute of the 13th July 
1687, the ground stated for surrendering the Abbey 
Church is, that it was '^ to be inlai^ed conforme 
to the draught thereof approven by his Majestie." 
That "draught," prepared by Sir William Bruce, 
embraced an accommodation for the Knights of the 
Thistle, quaintly described by Father Hay as '^a 
curious work of timber." J Sir William's design, 
elegantly engraved in folio, is presented in Vitruvius 
Scotictis, an architectural work of much rarity. § 
Entitled "The Interior of the Chapel Royal," the 
plate represents the Knights stalls, six on each 
side with the throne of the sovereign at the western 
extremity. Resting on a dais approached by six 

* Lord Fountainhall's Historical Notices, p. 860. 

t Br Daniel Wilson's Memorials of Edinburgh, 187S, p. 105. 

X DifUmatim Vetmm Collection i. 888, 289, Advocates libiaiy. 

§ FitruwiM ScoHcui is a collection of plans and elevations of public 
buildings, engraved chiefly from designs by the celebrated aichitn^ Mr 
William Adam, who died in 1748. Several of the designs relating to Holj^ 
roodhouse are described as having been executed by Sir William Bmoe. 
The work was published early in the century, and contains one hundred and 
sixty plates. A perfect copy is in the Edinburgh University Lihraiy ; that 
in the Advocates Library is imperfect 

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Steps fenced right and left by carved representa- 
tions of the lion and unicorn, the throne is topped 
by a canopy, displaying the royal escutcheon and 
other appropriate emblems. The stalls, which are 
separated from the side aisles by a screen, are 
formed by elegant Corinthian columns, supporting an 
architrave over each stall on which are displayed 
each knight's heraldic insignia, with his helmet and 
weapons. The general effect is imposing, notwith- 
standing the incongruity of Greek architecture in 
combination with a structure wholly Gothic. 

In course of operations the royal vault containing 
the ancient tombs was restored, while the less 
offensive portion of "the gauds" or ornaments of 
1685 and 1686 was utilised and displayed. Among 
these ornaments Nisbet refers to figures of the 
Saviour and Twelve Apostles, and other well-executed 
pieces of sculpture.* There was a large and magnifi- 
cent organ, and the flooring was of marble.t 

Insurrection was imminent, hence, by order of the 
Privy Council, Captain John Wallace (probably of 
the family of Craigie) was stationed in the Palace, 
with a military guard. The precaution had be- 
come especially essential under the now universal un- 
popularity of the king. On the 11th December 1688 
— ^the day on which James escaped from Whitehall, 

♦ Nisbet's Heraldry, ii. 120. 

t Maitland'8 Histoiy of Edinburgh, p. 163 ; Journey tlirough Scotland, 
Lond. 1729, p. 61 ; Amot's History of Edinburgh, pp. 252256. 

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the Town Council of Edinburgh assembled at the Coun- 
cil Chambers, and passed the following minute : 

** At Edinburgh, the eleventh of December j°* vj« 
" eightie eight years. 

" The which day, the Lord Provost produced two orders of his 
Majestie's privy councell in relation to the unhappie tumult that 
has arisen this day of ane rable of all sorts of people quhich is 
signed by his Majestie's privy councell, quhich the councell ap- 
points the same to be recorded, quhairof the tennor ffoUowes : 
Edinburgh, the tenth of December j°* yj« eightie eight — ^These are 
requireing the provost and baillies of Edinburgh upon sight 
hereof, with the Traine bands and Militia, and to besiege the 
place quhair Captain Wallace is, and to take care that none 
escape, except such as shall render themselves prissoners, and to 
make search for and apprehend Captain Wallace himself and 
the officers of his companie, and to keep thame strict untill they 
be brought to judgement, and secure all other posts about the 
town for apprehending all others that are guiltie. This yow 
shall doe without farder delay, as yow will be answerable. Sic 
subscribitur — ^AthoU, Breadalbane, Tarbat, Jo. Dalrymple. 

" fifoUowes the order of his Majesties privie 
councell ordaineing Captain Wallace to deliver himself 

" Edinburgh, the said Tenth December j" vj® eightie eight 

*' These are ordering yow Captain Wallace to deliver up your 
persone to the provost of Edinburgh or any of the baillies 
therof, under all highest paines. Sic subscribitur— Atholl, 
Breadalbane, Tarbat, Jo. Dalrymple. 

"After receipt of the quhich orders the Lord Provost and rema- 
nent Magistrats issued forth a proclamation commanding all the 
Inhabitants belonging to the Train bands of this Cittie to attend 
their respective captains' coUoures, with their armes, inediatly, 
that conforme to the abovewrittin order the persone of Captain 
Wallace might be seized upon, and made certification to them 

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conforme to the said order, and the Magistrats haveing gone 
npon the head of the Train bands, and Livetenant Colonell 
Grahame's Companie and the Militia of this Cittie, and Henry 
Frazer, Eoese herauld, and James [Guthrie], Dingwall pursevant, 
haveing with trumpeters gone to the entrie of the abbay closse, 
the said herauld and pursevant haveing their coats displayed, 
did require Captain Wallace to give obedience to the orders of 
his Majestie's privy councell, and upon his refuseall they gave 
into the Magistrats their execution upon the back of the said 
last order, quhich execution the councell appointed to be re- 
corded, quhairof the tennor fifoUowes : Wpon the tenth day of 
December j™ vj" eightie eight years Wee', Henry Frazer, Eosse 
herauld, and James Guthrie, Dingwall pursevant^ be vertue of 
the abovewrittin orders, past with the baillies of Edinburgh to 
the foot of the Cannogate and there they stopped and ordered 
us to goe forward with our coats of armes displayed and sound 
of trumpet, to Captain Wallace and require him conforme to the 
saids abovewrittin orders, and his Company being standing at 
the innerside of the Strand near the entrie to the Abbay, with 
all their armes presented : The comanding officer of the said 
Company called to us to stand off for none should enter, and the 
said Captain Wallace was standing a litle back amongst his 
souldiers, and cryed for one of us to enter ; and I, the said Henry 
Frazer, went foreward to him and told him that the Lords of his 
Majestie's privy councell had ordered him to deliver up his per- 
sone to the baillies of Edinburgh, who was there readie to 
receive him. He gave no ansuer, but called his Livetenant and 
whispered to him, and went imediatly away backward behind 
his owne Companie, and the said Livetenant came to the front 
of the said companie and comanded us to be gone, and we told 
him that we thought the Captain wold be so discreet as to give 
ane ansuer to the Lords of the privy councells orders, and wee 
was waiting for it, and he againe comanded us to be gone, for we 
should have no more ansuer nor we had gotten already, and if 
we stayed any longer we should have ane ansuer by and by : 
And I, the said Henry Frazer, came back to the saids baillies 
and told them what had been said to us, and they ordered me 

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to goe back and wait upon ane ansuer, quhich accordingly I did, 
and being befor the said company I saw ane Serjeant come and 
asked the Livetenant if the rabble was gone, he ansuered not : 
The said serjeant said yee are ordered to make your post good, 
and imediatly the said Livetenant fired ane gun that was in his 
hand, and then all the souldiers of the said companie fired like- 
wayes. This wee did conforme to the saids orders, with our coats 
of armes displayed and sound of trumpet, befor thir witnesses, 
Alexander Bonner and William Eckford, town officers in Edin- 
burgh, and John Wightman, officer there, with severall other 
witnesses to the premisses : And for the verification hereof wee 
and the said witnesses have subscrived the samen with our 
hands : Sic subscribitux, Henry ffrazer, herauld ; James Guthrie, 
pursevant; Alexr. Bonner, witnes; John Wightman, witnes; 
Wm. Eckford, witnes : Sic subscribitur, Magnus Prince, pro." * 

Captain Wallace was compelled to surrender soon 
afterwards. In Appendix VII. will be found a nar- 
rative of the circumstances attending the event, also 
of the devastation of the church. With that devasta- 
tion terminated a scheme for restoring under royal 
sanction the Roman Catholic faith — a scheme which, 
formulated by Laud, had been advanced by Lauder- 
dale, and all but enforced by Moray and Perth and 

In reviewing the history of the Chapel Royal cer- 
tain points stand out prominently. Seeking by his 
own authority to transform his Chapel Royal into a 
musical college, James III. excited among his nobles 
that wide discontent which resulted in their rebellion 
and in his own discomfiture and death. Moved by 

♦ Buigh Records of Edinburgh, vol. xxxii., fol. 270, 271. 

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despotic counsels, James VII. sought to constitute as 
his Chapel Royal a structure which would accommo- 
date a Roman Catholic college, and wherein might be 
practised those rites calculated to attract an interest 
in the old creed. The new despotic movement was 
like the old, checked by insurrection, with this im- 
portant difference that subsequent to the second over- 
throw absolutism perished. As from the ashes of the 
Pre-Reformation martyrs sprung up the seeds of reli- 
gious freedom — so the odour of that conflagration 
which consumed the adornments of the Abbey Church 
has been felt ever since in the enjoyment of civil 
liberty and constitutional government. 

Beckoning from 1120, the probable year in which 
was reared at Stirling Castle the earliest semblance 
of a royal fane to the devastation of the church of 
Holyrood in 1688, a Chapel Royal may be held to 
have been connected with the headquarters of the 
sovereign for 668 years. And if, as we have found, 
the Chapel Royal at Stirling had only a covering of 
thatch four centuries and a half after it was reared, 
it may be concluded that the original erection was 
primitive in the extreme. In a condition the reverse 
of superb was that chapel in Holyrood Palace * in 
which Queen Mary attended the celebration of mass. 
The Abbey Church, a noble pile not inferior in the 
magnificence of its Gothic architecture to any of the 
cathedrals, was the Chapel Royal at the last. At 

* Supra, p. lxxxvi.-xciv. 

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ccxlviii msTOBY of the 

the last, indeed ; for if we date from the probable 
commencement of repairs in December 1687 to the 
devastation in December of the following year, it is 
most doubtful whether in its new connection religious 
service was performed in it even once ! 

With the popular insurrection in December 1688 
terminated the last effort put forth in this country 
for the re-establishment of the Romish Church. 
By the destruction of the knights' stalls, James's 
Order of chivalry also fell into abeyance, and so 
remained for fifteen years. 

Revived by Queen Anne, in a patent passed under 
the Great Seal, 31st December 1703, the Order of 
the Thistle has been held in respect and honour ever 
since. On the 8th May 1827, George IV. increased 
the number of the Knights from twelve to sixteen. 
The Star of the Order consists of a St Andrew's 
cross of silver embroidery, with rays emanating 
from between the points of the cross, in the centre 
of which, on a gold field, is a Thistle of green, 
heightened with gold, the flower being of its natural 
colour, the whole surrounded by a circle of green, 
bearing the motto, Nemo me impune Idcessit, in golden 
characters. The Badge, worn attached to a green 
ribbon, is an oval plate entirely of gold, bearing St 
Andrew with his cross within a circle containing the 
motto of the Order, the whole being surrounded by 
rays of light in the form of a glory. The collar is 
composed of golden Thistles and sprigs of rue. 

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enamelled proper. A Dean of the Order was fiurst 
appointed by George III., on the 7th January 1763.* 
The other officers are the Lyon King of Arms, a 
Secretary, and the Gentleman Usher of the Green Rod. 

By the mob of December 1688, the Abbey Church 
was not only deprived of its ornaments and elegant fit- 
tings, but other vandalisms were perpetrated. The 
royal vault was opened, and leaden coffins enclos- 
ing the remains of members of the royal house were 
rudely broken up. On the 20th May 1689, or six 
months after the occurrence of this tumult, James, 
fourth Duke of Hamilton, remarks in a letter to the 
Earl of Melville, Secretary of State, that the entire 
building had been seriously despoiledt It would 
not appear that any considerable restoration was at- 
tempted till half a century later. 

On a representation by James, sixth Duke of Hamil- 
ton, as hereditary keeper, addressed to the Barons 
of Exchequer, these consulted an architect and a 
builder, who recommended that the church should 
have a roofing of flagstones; they also presented 
an estimate for the work which amounted to £1003. 
The recommendation and estimate were, on the 7th 
August 1758, both approved. When these repairs 
were carried out, it became evident that the walls 
were very much overweighted. To this eflTect a 

* For List of the Deans of the Order of the Thistle from the first appoint- 
ment in 1763 till 1845, see Fasti EccL Scot., i. 398. 
t Leven and Melville Papers, Bannaityne Club, 1843, p. 27. 

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report was made to the Barons in 1766, but no 
action supervened. The anticipated result followed, 
for on the 2d December 1768, the roof fell into the 
anterior, destroying in its descent the more consider- 
able mouldings. In 1776 Hugo Amot remarked the 
exposed remains of James Y. and other royal per- 
sonages, but three years later when he composed hi^ 
History these cofllns had been rifled.* 

Among the skulls seized by the populace were those 
of Queen Magdalene and Lord Damley. The former 
at once disappeared, but Damley's skull fell into the 
possession of Mr James Cummyng of the X^yon 
Of&ce, at whose death it was included in a collection 
of statuary at Edinburgh. It has not latterly beeu 

The last subdean of the Chapel Koyal prior to thQ 
Revolution was Mr John Mackqueene, one of the 
ministers of Edinburgh, who was appointed by James 
VII. in 1688. Deprived in April 1689, by the Con- 
vention of Estates, for refusing to submit to the 
Revolution settlement, he visited the exiled king at 
St Germains, and subsequently ministered in England, 
His habits were eccentric and unclericai He died 
in 1733, having attained about the age of ninety.t 

♦ Arnot'8 History of Edinburgh, 1770, pp. 252-266 ; Dr D. Wilson's 
Memorials of Edinburgh, 1872, p. 409. For a detailed account of the 
monuments and tombstones in the Abbey Church and churchyard of Holy- 
rood, see Qordon's Monasticon, voL i., pp. 184-202, and Rogers' Monuments 
and Monumental Inscriptions, vol. i., 09-116. 

t Fasti Eccl. Scot, i. 36, 394. 

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The revenuea of the deanery, subsequent to the 
abolition of Episcopacy at the Revolutiop, having 
reverted to the Crown, William III. conferred them 
on his vigorous adherent and private chaplain, Dr 
William Carstairs. 

With the approval of the General Assembly, the 
funds connected with the office of dean were in 1737 
divided into three parts, each being conferred on a 
clei^yman selected by the Crown, who was described 
as one of the deans of the Chapel Royal, The ori- 
ginal apportionment to each dean was about £84.^ 

Prior to 1841, certain leases of teinds belonging to 
the Chapel Royal having expired, the aggregate 
yearly rental greatly increased. To eflfectually utilise 
the augmented revenues, a chair of Biblical Criticism 
was established in the University of Edinburgh. The 
revenues were further disposed by the Scottish Uni- 
versities' Commissioners as set forth in their Report 
issued in 1863. From that document we make the 
following extract : 

" In view of the diflSculty of obtaining farther grants of public 
money for the support of the Theological Chairs in the Faculties 
of Divinity, the attention of the Commissioners has been directed 
to a source which has already partly been made use of for the 
object in question. That source is the income of the deanery of 
the Chapel Royal. This deanery, which, before the abolition of 
Episcopacy in Scotland, had been attached to the See of Dun- 
blane, fell on that event to the Crown, and the revenues have 

* For a list of Deans and Subdeans of the Chapel Eoyal, also of Chap- 
lains in Ordinary to the Sovereign, and of Royal Almoners, aee Fasti EccL 
Scot., i. 393-399. 

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siiice been bestowed by grants on three of the Crown chaplains, 
who are commonly called Deans of the Chapel Boyal, and who 
divide the revenues equally among them. The practice which 
is now followed is, that, when one of the three deans dies, a new 
gift is made out in favour of the two surviving deans and the 
new dean. The last gift was on 11th December 1846, 'in 
favour of Dr John Lee, so long as he shall hold the office of 
Principal of the University of Edinburgh, of Dr Norman M'Leod 
during our pleasure, and of Dr Bobert Lee, so long as he shall 
hold the office of Professor of Biblical Criticism and Biblical 
Antiquities in the University of Edinburgh, and to his succes- 
sors in office, and to each of them as aforesaid, equally.' The 
gift to Dr Bobert Lee attaches one-third of the revenues of the 
deaneiy to the Chair in the University of Edinburgh, now held 
by him; and the Commissioners would respectfully submit that, 
were the principle extended to the remaining two-thirds of the 
revenues, with the view of benefiting the Faculties of Divinity 
in the several Universities of Scotland generally, than which a 
more fitting object for this Boyal bounty could not be found, a 
gracious act would be done to the Church and the Universities, 
and the Government would be saved the difficulty of seeking 
public money for the purpose. 

"The manner in which it seems to the Commissioners that the 
portion of the revenues of the deanery to which they refer could 
with the greatest advantage be used for the benefit of the Theo- 
logical Chairs in the Universities is as follows: The present 
average amount of the whole divisible revenues of the deanery, 
which vary to a certain extent from year to year, but which are 
now not likely permanently to alter much in value, is £2018 a 
year. The Commissioners propose that, leaving out of view the 
one-third now attached to the Chair of Biblical Criticism in the 
University of Edinburgh, each of the remaining two-thirds of 
the revenues should, as it becomes vacant, be divided into two, 
and each of the sixth parts so obtained (£336 a year on the 
average) should be given to one of four deans, who should be 
certain theological professors in the four universities, and that 
this scheme should be carried out in the following order, viz., — 

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there being now one-third vacant by the death of the late Dr 
John Lee, Principal of the University of Edinburgh, one-half of 
this to be given to the person who shall be appointed Professor 
of Divinity in that university, the person so appointed giving 
up the amount of the present endowment of his Chair, to in- 
crease the income of the Chair of Ecclesiastical History in the 
same university, and the other half to be given to found a Chair 
of Biblical Criticism in the University of Aberdeen ; and, on the 
remaining third becoming vacant by the death of Dr M'Leod, 
one-half to be given as an endowment for a Chair of Biblical 
Criticism in the University of Glasgow, and the other half to be 
attached to the Chair of Church History in St Mary's College, 
St Andrews, the salary from the Woods and Forests of that 
Chair (£150) being then given as an assistance to the Principal, 
and the college endowment of the same Chair (£106) being added 
to the Chair of Biblical Criticism, now the second professorship 
of divinity in that college. 

" With regard to the one-third of the revenues of the deanery 
at present attached to the Chair of Biblical Criticism in the 
University of Edinburgh, it will be for Her Majesty to consider, 
when it becomes vacant, whether it may be advisable that the 
whole should continue attached to that Chair, so as to provide 
an independent endowment to the professor, irrespective of class 
fees, or whether it may be advantageous and practicable that 
part of it should be applied for the benefit of the other Theologi- 
cal Chairs in that university, or in the universities generally." * 

According to the preceding scheme the Univer- 
sities' Commissioners distributed the Deanery re- 
venues in this manner. They granted to the Univer- 
sity of Edinburgh for the Professorship of Divinity, 

* General Report of Umveisities' Commiasionen, Scotland, p. 173. The 
Commissioneis, in their ordinances, were subsequently enabled to give 
effect to the main principle on which these suggestions proceeded ; thoiigh, 
in carrying them out, they saw occasion to introduce alterations as to some 
of the details. 

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£336, and for the Professorship of Biblical Criticism, 
£672; to the University of Glasgow for the Pro- 
fessorship of Biblical Criticism, £336 ; to St Mary's 
College, St Andrews, for the Professorship of Church 
History, £336 ; and to the University of Aberdeen 
for the Professorship of Biblical Criticism, £336. 
The Deanery revenues are derived from lands in 
the counties of Wigtown, Kirkcudbright, Ayr, and 
Perth ; also from teinds on the lands of Shaws, Helm- 
bum, and Balliades, in the parishes of Ettrick and 
Kirkhope, in the county of Selkirk. 

The teinds of the Selkirkshire estates were in 1647 
valued at £210 Scots, and in 1863 the deans raised 
an action in the Court of Teinds, setting forth that 
the valuation so made was eflfected without the requi- 
site sanction, and that it should consequently be 
rescinded. The Court of Teinds, also the Second 
Division of the Court of Session, held otherwise, 
whereupon the deans appealed to the House of Lords, 
which, on the 18th March 1869, affirmed with costs 
the judgments of the courts below. 

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1. Processxts super sregcione ecclesie Collegiate ff aria. 

DE Striueling. 


Yniuersis et singulis Christi fidelibus et presertim Scoticane 
nacionis, omnibusque aliis et singulis quorum interest, intererit, 
seu interesse quousque infrascriptum tangit negocium seu 
tangere potent quomodolibet infutumm, quibuscunque nomini- 
bus censeantur aut quacunque prefulgeant diguitate. Jacobus 
Abercrumby, permissione diuina abbas monasteni de Scona 
oidinis Sancti Augustini Sancti Andiee diocesis, et Dauid 
Amote, aichidiaconus Laudonie in ecclesia sancti Andree, indices 
et executores ad infrascripta, vna cum nostro in hac parte 
coUega, cum ilia clausula — Quatenus uos vel duo aut unus 
uestrum etc — a sede apostolica specialiter deputati, salutem in 
Domino, et presentibus fidem indubiam inhibere nostrisque huius- 
modi ymmouerius apostolicis firmiter obedire mandatis : Literas 
sanctissimi in Chnsto patris et domini nostri domini, Alexandri 
diuina prouidencia Pape Sexti, eius vera bulla plumbea cum 
cordula canapis more Bomane curie impendente, bullatas, sanas, 
siquidem et integras, non viciatas, non canceUatas, nee in aliqua 
sui parte suspectas, sed omni prorsus vicio et suspicione carentes 
Yt in eifl prima facie apparebat, nobis per illustrissimum et 
serenissimum principem et dominum, dominum Jacobum diuina 
favente clemencia Scotorum regem Quartum, principalem in eis- 

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dem litteris apostolicis principaliter nominatum, coram notario 
publico et testibus infrascriptis presentataSy nos cum ea qua 
decuit reuerencia noueritis recepisse huiusmodi sub tenore : 

Alexander, Episcopus Seruus seruorum Dei, dilectis filiis 
Sancte Grucis et de Scona, Sanctiandree diocesis, pnonasteri- 
orum abbatibu8» ac archidiacono Laudonie in ecclesia Sanctian- 
dree, salutem et apostolicam benedictionem. Inter cetera cordis 
nostri desiderabilia ilia intensis desideramus affectibus ut ubique 
locorum maiestas Altissimi in graoiaram benedictionibus collau- 
detur et cultus sui nominis glorioei amplietur ; ac pia Ghristi 
fidelium presertim Catholicorum regum vota, ex quibus eiusdem 
diuini nominis exaltacio ipsoromque regum et aliorum Christi 
fidelium animarum salus prouenire et persone quelibet diuin- 
orum officiorum decantacioni et celebracioni in singulis ecclesiis 
presertim coUegiatis de nouo erigendis cum animi quiete et 
tranquillitate insistere possint, ad exaudicionis graciam libenter 
admittimus ; ac ea, prout in domino conspicimus, salubriter ex- 
pedire fauoribus prosequimur oportunis. Exhibita siquidem 
nobis nuper pro parte carissimi in Christo filii nostri, Jacobi 
Scotorum Begis illustris, peticio continebat quod, licet in Capella 
Begia nuncupata Beate Marie et Sancti Michaelis, infra palacium 
ipsius Jacobi regis opidi de Striueling Sanctiandree diocesis sita, 
vnus decanus nuncupatus ac plures alij cantores et capellani ac 
clerici missas et alia diuina officia singulis diebus ad libitum 
prefati Jacobi Begis ammouibiles celebrent, ipseque Jacobus Bex 
predictam capellam suis expensis reformari fecerit, ac libris, cali- 
cibus, et aliis omamentis ecclesiasticis pro diuino cultu in eadem 
capella necessariis honorifice munuerit et omauerit, ac eciam 
nonnulla bona immobilia ad eum legittime pertinencia eidem 
capelle pro illius dote assignauerit : Tamen si dicta capella in 
collegiatam ecclesiam, et prepositura Ecdesie beate Marie de 
Bupe Sanctiandree, que inibi dignitas principalis et de lure 
patronatus prefati Jacobi et pro tempore existentis Scotorum 
Begis, ex priuilegio apostolico cui hactenus derogatum non est, 
existit, et ad eius meram collacionem ex simili priuilegio apos- 
tolico pertinet, eciam in decanatum eiusdem erigende ecclesie qui 
Nota. inibi dignitas eciam principalis existeret, — ^pro vno decano qui 

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ftliis eiusdem erigende ecclesie personis preesset cuique cura 
animaram dicti Jacobi et pro tempore existentis regis et regine 
Scotorum et eorum officialiam et familiarium continuoram con- 
mensalium et eoromdem familiarium familiarum et semitorum 
imminerit, quique omnimodam jurisdictionem in omnes personas 
dicte erigende ecclesie pro tempore existentes haberet, et qui^ 
dam in ecclesia eadem beate Marie in ilia prepositns, dum uero 
in erigenda ecclesia resident in iUa decanus foret, ita ut non due 
dignitates existant sed vnica dumtaxat in qualibet dictarum 
ecdesiaram preeminenciam habens existeret; et vnus subde^ 
canus qui in eadem erigenda ecclesia dignitas secunda, — ^pro ^ 
vno subdecano qui dicti decani, cum absens uel impeditus fuerit ^^^ 
aut alias in ecclesia Beate Marie resident, in omnibus vices ex- jarisdic- 
erceatet suppleat; ac vna sacristia que inibi officium sen ad-^°^?^^' 
ministracio existerent, — ^pro vno sacrista, qui iocalium et oma- absentia 
mentorum dicte erigende ecclesie curam haberet; necnon sedecim ^P'^^P^ 
canonicatua et totidem prebende, — ^pro sedecim canonicis in 
cantu et aUas sufficienter instructis ; ac sex pueri clerici simili- nota penes 
ter in cantu competenter instructi sen vt instruerentur apti et "®*P^®"*' 
ydonei, qui in eadem erigenda ecclesia diuina officia diuma, 
pariter et noctuma, prout in aliis ecclesiis coUegiatis regni Scocie 
celebrantur sen ad libitum et voluntatem prefati Jacobi et pro 
tempore existentis regis Scotorum, secundum morem et consue- 
tudinem Bomane ecclesie, prout magis prefato Jacobo et pro 
tempore existenti regi Scotorum placeret, ita quod ad alium 
morem sen consuetudinem in ipsa erigenda ecclesia nisi prout 
lex uoluerit in illis celebrandis obseruare non tenerentur, ad Dei 
laudem et [pro] ipsius Jacobi Begis eiusque antecessorum et suc- 
cessorum animarum salute decantare et celebrare, et alias eidem 
erigende ecclesie in diuims iuxta prouidam ipsius Jacobi Begia 
ordinacionem jEsiCiendam, deseruire tenerentur, erigerentur et in- 
struerentur: Et cum in prioratu de Bostnot, ordinis SanctiNotade 
Augustini, dicte diocesis, duo dumtaxat canoniciresidere consue- ^^ot ^^ 
uerint, quamuis illius fructus, redditus, et prouentus centum fractoB 
viginti librarum St^rlingorum secundum communem existima- ^en^an- 
cionem valeant annuatim et sufficientes sint ad sustentacionem !^^j^^°^ 
sex ac eciam plurium canonicorum dicti ordinis ; ac in ecclesia Stirling. 

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de Dunbar, eiosdem diocesiB, illios canonici pro maiori parte non 
per se, sed prout in multis aliis collegiatis ecdesiis regni Scocie 
iuxta consnetudinem hactenus obseruateun fieri consueuerint per 
Bubstitutos deseruiant ; si, reseruata congrua porcione ex fracti- 
bus dicti prioratus pro sex canonicis dicti ordinis, quorum prior 
dicti prioratus pro tempore existens vnus existeret, residuum 
f ructuum dicti prioratus decanatui et aliis inibi erigendis, sub- 
decanatui et sacristie ac canonicatibus et prebendis, pro decano, 
subdecano, sacrista, canonicis, et aliis personis dicte erigende 
ecclesie pro tempore existentibus, iuxta huiusmodo prouidam 
ordinacionem prefati Jacobi Eegis perpetuo applicarentu]^ ac cano- 
nicatus et prebende dicte ecclesie de Dunbar, qui de iure patro- 
natus ipsius r^is existunt, ac alia beneficia ecdesiastica cum 
cura et sine cura in duitate uel dicta diocesi Sanctiandree sea 
alias vbilibet consistencia et de iure patronatus ipsius r^is sea 
aliorum laicorum existencia, quorum fructus, redditus, et pro- 
uentus ad valorem duarum miUium librarum monete Scode, 
quingintas libras sterlingorum, ud circa constituencium, dum- 
taxat ascenderint annuatim, de quibus ddem Jacobo Begi vide- 
bitur, de ipsius Jacobi Begis et aliorum laicorum jiatronorum 
respectiue consensu, dicte erigende ecclesie, reseruata ex fructibus 
cuiatorum beneficiorum pro vicaiiis perpetuis eorumdem benefi- 
ciorum curatorum congrua porcione, ex qua ipsivicarii se comode 
sustentari, jura episcopalia persoluere, et alia onera sibi racione 
curatorum beneficiorum huiusmodi incumbencia supportare, 
possint, perpetuo vnirentur, annecterentur, et incorporarentur, ita 
quod eciam congrua porcio presbytris ydoneis ad hoc deputandis, 
qui canonicatibus et prebendis et aliis yniendis sine cura bene- 
ficiis in diuinis officiis deseruirent, per eos ex canonicatuum et 
prebendarum ac sine cura vniendorum benefidorum huiusmodi 
fructibus, quamdiu illis deseruierint, percipienda, assignaretur, 
et residuum fructuum vniendorum beneficiorum huiusmodi, de- 
ductis porcionibus predictis, inter decanum, subdecanum, sac- 
ristam, et canonicos predictos, ac alias personas dicte erigende 
ecclesie, iuxta prouidam ordinacionem ipsius Jacobi Begis de- 
super faciendam, distribuerentur : Profecto ex hoc, non solum 
in ipsa capelk postquam in collegiatamecclesiam ac in ea digni- 

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tates ac canonicatus et piebende ac alia officia huiusmodi erecta 
seu instituta et pueri huiusmodi instituti fuerint, sed eciam in 
de Dunbar et aliis ecclesiis et beneficiis vniendis ac prioratu 
huiusmodi, diuinus cultus augmentum susciperet et eciam ad 
decorem dicte capelle cederet : Et ipse Jacobus Bex, vltra bona 
predicta per eum dicte capelle assignata, alia bona patrimonialia 
valoris annui quingintarum librarum, uel circa, monete Scocie, 
huiusmodi pro premissis assignaret: Quare pro parte dicti 
Jacobi Begis nobis fuit humiliter supplicatum vt eandem capel- 
1am sub eadem inuocacione in collegiatam ecclesiam, cum com- 
muni archa, sigiUo, capitulo, et aliis collegialibus insigniis, et in 
ea djctam preposituram eciam in decanatum qui inibi eciam 
dignitas principalis, ut prefertur, existat, pro modemo et pro Nota. 
tempore existente preposito dicte ecdesie Beate Marie, qui eciam 
decanus in dicta erigenda ecclesia sit, et aliis eiusdem erigende 
ecdesie presit, cuique cura animarum dicti Jacobi et pro tempore 
existentis regis et regine Scotorum et aliorum predictorum 
immineat, quique omnimodam iurisdictionem et preeminenciam 
predictas habeat ; et vuum subdiaconum, qui in eadem erigenda 
ecclesia dignitas secunda, pro yno subdecano qui vices dicti 
decani ut prefertur suppleat ; ac vnam sacristiam, que inibi oflS- 
cium seu administracio existant, pro yno sacrista qui dictorum 
iocalium et omamentorum dicte ecclesie curam habeat ; necnon 
fiedecim canonicatus et totidem prebendas, pro sexdecim canoni- 
da in cantu et alias sufficienter instructis ; ac sex pueros clericos 
similiter in cantu competenter instructos, seu ut instruantur aptos 
et ydoneos, qui in eadem erigenda ecclesia diuina officia diuma^ 
pariter et noctuma, prout in ecclesiis coUegiatis dicti Begni 
Scocie celebrantur seu ad libitum et yoluntatem prefati Jacobi et 
pro tempore existentis Begis Scotorum, secimdum morem et con- 
suetudinem Bomane ecclesie huiusmodi, prout magis prefato 
Jacobo et pro tempore existenti B^ Scotorum placuerit, ad Dei 
laudem et pro ipsius Jacobi Begis eiusque antecessorum et sue-* 
cessorum animarum salute decantare et celebrare, et alias eidem 
erigende ecclesie in diuinis iuxta huiusmodi prouidam ipsius 
Jacobi Begis ordinacionem faciendum deseruire teneantur, eri- 
gere et instituere, ac eidem ecclesie dicta beneficia vnire, an- 

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nectere, et incorporare, aliasque in permissis oportune prouidere 
de benignitate apostolica, dignaremur : Kos IGITUR, qui dudum 
inter alia volumus quod semper in vnionibus commissio fieret 
ad partes, uocatis quorum interesset, quique ecclesiarum omnium 
decorem et uenustatem ac in illis diuini cultus augmentum nostris 
potissime temporibus supremis desideramus affectibus, f ructuum^ 
reddituum, et prouentuum dictorum beneficiorum per dictum 
Jacobum Begem assignatorum verum ualorem annuum presenti- 
bus pro expresso haberi volentes, piumque et laudabile ipsius 
Jacobi Begis in hoc propositum plurimum in Domino commeu'- 
dantes, ac alias de premissis certam noticiam non habentes, 

Nota. huiusmodi supplicacionibus inclinati, etc.» mandamus quatenus 
Yos, uel duo, aut vnus uestrum, si est ita, eandem capellam, post^ 
quam prefatus Jacobus Bex alia bona valoris annui quingintarum 
librarum monete Scocie huiusmodi, uel circa, reaJiter et cum 
effectu pro premissis assignauerit, sub eadem inuocacione in col- 
legiatam ecdesiam cum communi archa, sigillo, capitulo et aliis 
coUegialibus insigniis, et in ea dictam preposituram in decana* 
tum qui inibi eciam dignitas principalis existat, pro modemo et 
pro tempore existente preposito dicte ecdesie beate Marie, qui 
eciam decanus in dicta erigenda ecdesia existat ac aliis [personis] 
eiusdem erigende ecclesie presit, cuique cura animarum dicti 
Jacobi et pro tempore existentis regis et regine Scotorum et eiua 
officialium et famUiarium continuorum conmensalium et eorum* 
dem famuliarium famuliarium et seruitorum et pro tempore 
existencium immineat, quique omnimodam iuiisdictionem in 
omnes personas dicte erigende ecclesie pro tempore existentes 
habeat, et qui, dum in ecclesia beate Marie resederit seu fuerit 
in ilia prepositus, dum vero in erigenda ecclesia in ilia decanus 
existat, ita ut non sint due dignitates sed vnica dumtaxat in 
qualibet dictarum ecclesiarum preeminenciam habens existat; 

Yide 6^ ynum subdecanatum qui in eadem erigenda ecclesia dignitas 
secunda, pro vno subdecano qui vices dicti decani, cum absens 
uel impeditus fuerit aut alias in ecclesia Beate Marie resident^ 
in omnibus exerceat et suppleat ; ac vnam sacristiam que inibi 
officium seu administracio existant, pro vno sacrista qui iocalium 
et aliorum omamentorum dicte ecclesie erigende curam habeat ; 

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n^cnon sexdecim canonicatns et totidem prebendas, pro sedecim 
canonicis in cantu peritis et alias sufficienter instructis ; ac sex 
pueros clericos similiter in cantn competenter instnictos seu ut 
instmantur aptos et ydoneos, qui in eadem erigenda ecclesia 
dioina officia dinma, pariter et noctuma, prout in aliis ecclesiis 
coUegiatis predicti regni Scocie celebrantar, seu ad libitum et 
Yoluntatem prefati Jacobi et pro tempore existentis regis 
Scotorum, secundum morem et consuetudinem Bomane ecclesie 
huiusmodi, prout magis prefato Jacobo et pro tempore existenti 
regi Scotorum placuerit, ita quod ad alium morem seu consuetu- 
dinem in ipsa ecclesia erigenda, nisi prout rex voluerit, in illis 
celebrandis obseruare non teneantur, ad Dei laudem et eciam 
pro ipsius Jacobi Segis eiusque antecessorum et successorum ani- 
marum salute decantare et celebrare, et alias eidem erigende 
ecclesie in diuinis iuxta prouidam ipsius Jacobi Begis ordinaci- 
onem faciendam, deseruire teneantur, erigere et instituere: 
Necnon predicta iam per ipsum regem assignata et in posterum 
assignanda bona, mobilia et immobilia, pro ipsius capelle in col- 
legiatam erigende ecclesie, ac decanatus, subdecanatus, sacris- 
tie, canonicatuum, et prebendarum, ac clericorum predictorum 
dote, et eorumdem decani, subdecani, sacriste, ac canoni- 
corum, et puerorum, et aliorum eiusdem ecclesie personarum 
sustentacione ; ac, reseruata congrua' porcione pro sex canonicis 
dicti ordinis qui in eodem prioratu * in diuinis deseruire 
et vacare habeant, et ex quibus dicti prioratus prior pro 
tempore existens vnus existat, ex bonis et fructibus dicti prior- 
atus, residuum quod dein ex bonis et fructibus dicti prioratus 
superfuerit, decanatui, subdeca[na]tui, sacristie, ac canonicatibus, 
et prebendis predictis, pro decani, subdecani, sacriste, ac canoni- 
corum predictorum, et aliarum personarum dicte ecclesie susten- 
tacione, iuxta huiusmodi dicti Jacobi Begis ordinacionem, per- . 
petuo applicare assignare et appropriare; ac dicte ecclesie 
erigende, postquam erecta fuerit, dicte de Dunbar et aliarum frnotns ao 
coUegiatarum ecclesiarum dicte seu aliarum diocesium, canoni- capeUs" 

eatus, et prebendas, ac perrochiales ecclesias, et alia beneficia '^**«°* *^' 
ecclesiastica cum cura vel sine cura, iurispatronatus ipsius regis duo miUia 
seu aliorum laicorum, quorum fiructus redditus et P^^^i^tus j^^^^ 


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duo millia librarum monete prediote Scocie dumtaxat Becundum 

communem extimacionem valeant annuatim, si ad hoc prefati 

regis et aliorum laicorum de quorum iure patronatus beneficia 

vnienda huiusmodi fuerint respectiue expressus accesserit assen- 

Nota sus, perpetuo vnire, fuinectere, et incorporare ; ac qualiter f nictus 

3ebenr canonicatuum et prebendarum ac aliorum beneficiorum vnitorum 

fractus huiusmodi ac aliorum bonorum per dictum regem assignatorom 

lute? ^ ^^^ assignandorum inter singulas personas dicte erigeude ecclesie 

canonicos distribui debeant, de ipsius Jacobi Segis consensu statuere et 

ordinare ; ac ex fructibus curatorum ^beneficiorum huiusmodi 

vniendorum congrueun porcionem pro vicariis perpetuis, ex qua 

nota bene, ipsi vicarij SO commode sustentare et iura episcopalia persoluere 

ac alia onera sibi racione vicariarum peipetuarum huiusmodi 

incumbenda supportare possint^ reseruare ; ac eciam porciones 

pro presbiteris ydoneis qui in de Dunbar ac aliis coUegiatis 

ecclesiis, quorum canonicatus et prebende, ac aliis ecclesiis sine 

beneficiis sine cura que dicte erigende ecclesie vnientur, in 

diuinis deseruiant et alia illis incumbenda onera supportent^ 

quique huiusmodi porcionem, quamdiu canonicatibus et preben- 

dis ac sine cura beneficiis vnitis huiusmodi de seruierint, per- 

cipiant, alioquin illorum loco alij substituantur, assignare ; ac 

Tide pro singula que pro felici statu et directione ecclesie predicte eri- 

statutiB. gende, et personarum in ea diuinis officiis huiusmodi insis- 

tencium, salubria et ytilia esse cognoueritis ac alias lidta et 

houesta et sacns canonibus non contraria, statuere et ordinare; 

Vide ^ ^ i^^ patronatus et presentandi personas ydoneas predicto 

Jos patro- decano et pro tempore existenti ad subdecanatum, sacristiaoL 

nntus ac .-^ *__ .. ,. _ , 

preseDta- ac canomcatus, et prebeudas erigendos predictos, tam hac pnma 
reri^PM«r^ vice quam quociens vacabunt, prefato Jacobo et pro tempore exist- 
natur. enti regi Scotorum, et illorum institutionem eidem decano, jus 
de pueria. vero instituendi et destituendi dictos sex pueros, tam hac prima 
vice quam quociens placuerit, similiter ddem Jacobo et pro tem- 
pore existenti regi Scotorum, perpetuo reseruare et concedere 
ezempcio. auctoritate nostra curetis. Nos enim, si erectionem huiusmodi 
et alia premissa per vos aut aliquem ex vobis vigore presendum 
fieri contigerit, Tt prefertur, dictam erigendam ecdesiam, prius-* 
quam in coUegiatam erecta fuerit» et iUius decanum, subdecanum, 

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sacristam, canonicos, capitulum, clericos pueros, et singalfia>es exempdo 
personas eiusdem, cum onmibus bonis predictis, assignatis et ^^^^ 
assignandis, et que ad dictam erigendam ecclesiam et illius per- ecclesja 
sonas in posterum quomodolibet pertinebunt, ab omni visitacione, ^id«n. 
correctione, jurisdictione, superioritate, dominio, et potestate *^^"°\ "* 
modemi et pro tempore ezistentis archiepiscopi SanctLandree iarisdio- 
aliorumque ordioariorum quorumcunque eiusque officialium et ^,^1^1?^ 
vicariorum similiter pro tempore ezistenciumy penitus et omnino p«p«. 
perpetuo auctoritate apostolica tenore presencium ezimimus 
totaliter et liberamus; ac ecclesiam, subdecanum, sacristam, 
canonicoB, capitulum, clericos seu pueros, et alias personas 
eiusdem ecdesie pro tempore existentes, yisitacioni, correotioni, 
et superioritati ac omnimode jurisdictioni dicti decani pro tem- 
pore existentis, decanum vero predictum sedi apostoUce et illius 
ac beati Petri apostoli protectioni immediate subicimus ; ita ut 
archiepiscopus, ordinaiij, officiales, et vicarii predicti, eciam 
racione delicti aut contractus seu rei de qua agetur, vbicumque 
committatur delictum, iniatur contractus, aut res ipsa consistat, 
nullam iurisdictionem, superioritatem, potestatem, aut dominium 
in ecclesiam, decanum, subdecanum, sacristam, canonicos, capi- 
tulum, pueros, et personas predictas, aut eorum bona predicta 
assignata et assignanda et ad ipsam ecclesiam eciam racione 
vnitorum beneficiorum quomodolibet pertinencia, exercere pos- 
sint ; sed teneantur decanus coram nobis vel sede predicta aut 
l^atis uel subdelegatis eius, subdecanus uero, sacrista, et 
canonici, ac pueri predict!, et alio eiusdem erigende ecclesie pro 
tempore existentes persone, de se conquerentibus coram dicto 
decano vel eius locum tenente in iusticia respondere; aut quos^ deeretnm 
cunque processus quos in contrarium haberi, ac eciam sentencias ^^^* 
quas profeni, necnon quicquid in contrarium attemptari conti-^ 
gerit, irrita et inania nulliusque robons vel moment! existere 
decemimus : Ac eidem erigende ecclesie, et illius decano, sub- nota bene. 
decano, sacriste, capitulo, canonicis, pueris, et personis predictis 
pro tempore existentibus, quod omnibus et singulis priuilegiis, 
immunitatibus exempcionibus, &uoribus, graciis, et indultis 
aliis coUegiatis ecclesiis regni Scocie huiusmodi quomodolibet 
concessis, et quibus ille et illarum persone eciam dignitates ac 

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canonicatns et prebendas in eis obtinentes de jure vel consueta- 
dine vtuntur, potiuntnr^ et gaudent, seu vti, potiri, et gaudere 
potemnt quomodolibet in futnram, vti, potiri, et gaudere possint, 
eadem auctoritate apostolica eciam piesencium tenore indulge^ 
mus : Ac dicto decano pro tempore existenti, absoluendi legem 
et reginam Scotomm pro tempore existentes eorumqne liberog^ 
in casibus sedi predicte reseruatis, preterquam offense ecdesias* 
tice libertatis criminum, heresis et rebellionis aut conspiracionifi 
in personam vel statum Bomani pontificis sen sedem predictam; 
&lsitatis lltteramm apostolicamm, snpplicacionnm et oommis^ 
sionum, inuasioniSi depredacionis, occupacionis, ant deuastacionis 
ierrarnm et maris Somane ecclesie mediate vel immediate snb« 
iectorom, offense personalis in episcopum vel alium prelatnm^ 
prohibicionis denolncionis causarum ad Bomanam curiam, dela- 
donis armorum, et aliorum prohibitorum ad partes infidelium, 
semel dumtaxat in nita ; in aliis nero quociens fuerit oportunnm, 
oonfessione eomm diligenter audita pro commissis/ absoluendi, et 
.iniungendi eis penitenciam salutarem, ac omnium peccatorum 
suorum, de quibus corde qontriti et ore confessi fuerint^ eciam 
semel in vita et in mortis articulo, quociens mortis articulus 
fauiusmodi euenerit, plenam remissionem eis in sinceritate fidei> 
vnitate dicte Bomane ecclesie ac obediencia et deuodone nostra 
et successorum nostrorum Komanorum pontificum canonice in^ 
trancium persistentibus, auctoritate apostolica concedendi, eadem 
auctoritate apostolica tenore presencium facultatem concedimus ; 
Sic tamen quod idem confessor de hiis de quibus fuerit alteri 
satisfactio impendenda, dictus decanus earn illis per eos super*- 
uixerit vel per alios, si forte tunc transierint^ fadendam iniun<* 
gat, qua rex et regina ac filii predicti uel illi facere teneantur; 
et ut, quod absit^ propter huiusmodi graciam vel concessionem 
rex et regina ac eorum filij predicti reddantur procliuiores ad 
illicita in posterum committenda, volumus quod si a sinceritate 
fidei, vnitate Bomane ecdesie, ac obediencia et deuocione nostra 
et successorum nostrorum predictorum canonice intrancium 
destiterint, aut ex confidencia concessionis uel remissionis pre* 
dictarum, aliqua forsan commiserint, concessio et remissio ac quo 
ad illas presentee littere huiusmodi eis nullatenus sufGragentur» 

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Hon obstantibus felicis recordacionis Innocencij pape qtiarti pre- 
decessoris nostri circa exemptos edita que incipit — Yolentes, — ac 
aliis apostolicis necnon in prouincialibuB et synodalibus conciliifl 
editis, generalibus uel specialibns constitacionibnfi et ordinacioni- 
bus, ac de Dnmbar et alianun eccleaiarum predictarum necnofii 
monastery sen regnlaiis loci a quo dictus piioratus forsan de- 
pendet, et ipsius ordinis iuramento, confirmadone apostolica, uel 
quauis firmitate alia roboratis statutis et consuetudinibus ceteiis- 
que oontraiiis quibuscumque : ProiUBO quod canonicatus et pre- 
bende ao alia beneficia cum cura et sine cura yigore presencium 
Tnienda, ut prefertur, debitis propterea non fraudentur obsequ\J8 
et animarum cura in benefidis curatis huiusmodi nullatenus nec- 
ligatur, sed illorum ac canonicatuum et prebendarum ac aliorum 
vniendorum sine cura beneficiorum huiusmodi congrue support^ Decretmn 
entur onera consueta. Nos enim ex nunc irritum deoemimus et ^^^^^^ 
inane, si secus super hiis a quoquam quauis auctoritate scienter 
vel ignoranter contigerit attemptari Datum Some apud Sanc- 
tum Petrum, anno Incamacionis Dominice millesimo quingen-r 
tesimo primo, sexto nonas May, pontificatus nostri anno nono. 

Post quabum quidem litterarum apostolicarum presentacionem 
et recepdonem nobis et per nos, ut premittitur, factas, productis 
premitus coram nobis per prefatum illustrissimum dominum 
Jaoobum B^em, ad informandum animum nostrum de et super 
contentis et narratis in preinsertis litteris apostolids, nonnuUis 
testibus fidedignis, ipsisque rite et legittime per nos receptis et 
ad iurandum admissiB juratisque et diligenter examinatis, de et mobUi?* 
euper omnibus et singulis in eisdem Uteris contentis nos infor- ^<»^ 
mauimus : Gonsequenter vero prefatus illustrissimus dominus tamm 
Jacobus Bex, vltra bona Gapelle Eegie nuncupate Beate Marie s!^^^, 
et Sancti Michaelis intra palacium ipsius illustiissimi domini regem 
Jacobi Begis, opidi de Striueling, Sanctiandree diocesis, per eum, ga^tn 
▼t in dictis litteris assiguftta continetur, nonnulla bona patri- ^^ 
monialia valoris annul quingentarum librarum uel circa monete ea<^ue ex < 
Scode, pro erectione et aliis in eisdem litteris contentis, yiddicet, |^^J^' 
de firmis et fructibus terrarum de Castellaw nonaginta tree libras Castellaw. 
sex solidos et octo denarios, in vicecomitatu de Edinburgh ; de ^^^ ^^ 
Strdchbrawne, de Olenche, de Auchtnabaid, nonaginta quatuor glenche. 
libras tresdecim solidos et quatuor denarios, in yicecomitatu de Loduiber. 

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Perth ; de Eyuteir et de Lochabbir trescentas duodecim libras, 
in vicecoznitatibus de Tervert, et de Elgyn et Fores iacencium, 
realiter et cum efPectu assignauit Subsequenter fuimos per 
prefatom illustrissimum dominum Jacobum Begem debita cum 
instancia requisiti quatenus ad execucionem dictarum litterarum 
apostolicamm et contentorum in eisdem procedere dignaremur, 
iuxta traditam seu directam per eas a sede apostolica nobis for- 
ezeeaeio mam. Nos lOiTUR, Jacobus abbas dicti monasterij de Scona 
judicum. ^|. Dj^^i^ archidiaconus, indices et executoies prefati, attend- 
entes requisitionem huiusmodi fore iustam et racioni consonam, 
Yolentesque mandatum apostolicum supradictum nobis in hae 
parte directum reuerenter exequi, vt tenemur, et quia per infer- 
macionem legittimam et diligenter a dictis testibus per nos, 
ut premittitur, factam et receptam examinationem^ omnia et 
singula in dictis litteris narrata et expressa veritate fulciri 
^i^x^o. inuenimus ; idcirco, auctoritate apostolica nobis commissa et qua 
fungimur in hac parte, eandem capellam in coUegiatam ecclesiam, 
cum communi archa, sigiUo, capitulo, et aliis collegialibus ia- 
signijs; et in ea preposituram ecclesie Beate Marie de Bupe 
Sanctiandree in preinsertis litteris apostolicis mentionatam, que 
inibi dignitas principalis existit, in decanatum qui eciam in ip6a 
per nos eadem auctoritate apostolica erecta ecclesia dignitas prin- 
cipalis existat, pro modemo et pro tempore existente preposito 
dicte ecclesie beate Marie, qui eciam decanus in dicta erecta 
ecclesia existat, ac aliis eiusdem ecclesie erecte presit, cuique 
cura animarum dicti illustrissimi domini Jacobi et pro tempore 
existentis r^;is et regine Scotorum et eorum officialiiun, fami* 
liarium, continuorum commensalium, et eorumdem familiarium 
familiarium et seruitorum existencium habeat, et qui^ dum in 
ecclesia beate Marie fuerit in ilia prepositus, dum vero in erecta 
ecclesia huiusmodi fuerit, in ilia decanus existat, ita ut noa 
due dignitates sed vnica dumtaxat in qualibet dictarum eccles- 
if^notadeiarum preeminenciam habens existat; et vnum subdecanatum, 
J^^J^JJjj^ qui in eadem erecta ecclesia dignitas secunda, pro vno subdecano^ 
decani in qtd vices dicti decani, cum absens vel impeditus fuerit aut alias 
Jl^cSi* ^ ecclesia Beate Marie resederit, in omnibus exerceat et sup- 
pleat; ac vnam sacristiam, que in dicta ecclesia erecta officium 
seu administracio existunt, pro vno saciista qui iocalium et oma- 

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mentbram dicte ecclesie cnram habeat ; necnon sexdecim canoni- 
catus et totidem prebendas, pro sexdecim canonicis in cantu 
peritis et alias sufficienter instmctis; ac sex pueros dericos 
similiter in cantu competenter instructos sen nt instruantur 
aptos et ydoneos, qui in eadem ecdesia erecta diuina officia 
diuma, pariter et noctuma, prout in alijs ecdesiis coUegiatis 
T^ni Scocie celebrantur seu ad libitum et uoluntatem prefati 
illustrissimi domini Jacobi et pro tempore existentis regis Scoto- 
rum, secundum morem et consuetudinem Bomane ecclesie prout 
magis prefato illustrissimo domino Jacobo et pro tempore exist- 
enti regi Scotorum placuerit» ita quod ad alium morem seu con- 
suetudinem in ipsa erecta ecclesia, nisi prout dictus illustrissimus 
dominus Jacobus Rex voluerit in illis celebrandis, obseruare 
non teneantur, ad Dei laudem et eciam pro ipsius illustrissimi 
domini Jacobi Begis eiusque antecessorum et successorum ani- 
marum salute decantare et celebrare, et alias eidem erecte ecclesie 
in diuinis iuxta prouidam ipsius illustrissimi domini Jacobi 
Segis ordinacionem faciendum deseruire teneantur, erexihus et 
IN8TITUIHU8. Necuou predlcta, tarn per ipsum illustrissimum 
dominum Jacobum Begem dudum, quam nunc, coram nobis, ut 
premittitur, assignata bona, mobilia et immobilia, pro ipsius 
capelle in coUegiatam erecte, ac decanatus, subdecanatus, sacristie, 
canonicatuum, et prebendarum, ac clericorum predictortmi dote, 
et eorumdem decani, subdecani, sacriste, et canonicorum, ac 
puerorum, et aliarum eiusdem ecclesie personarum sustentacione ; 
ac nonnulla bona et fructus, videlicet, in terris, domibus, ortis, 
pratis, annuis redditibus, oblacionibus, decimis, aliisque obuen- 
eionibus, ad valorem quadringentarum marcarum prefate monete 
Scocie, pro sex canonicis ordinis Sancti Augustini qui prior- 
atui de Bostinot, ordinis et diocesis predictorum, in diuinis Rostanot 
deseruire at vacare habeant, et ex quibus dicti prioratus prior ^^^1^ 
pro tempore existens vnus existat, ex bonis et fructibus dicti deRo«tinot 
pnoratus pro congrua porcione reseruauimus ; reseruataque dedncendo 
huiusmodi congrua porcione, residuum uero quod ex bonis et ^oomarcaa 
fructibus dicti prioratus superfuit ac superest decanatui, sub- stirlin or- 
decanatui, sacristie, ac canonicatibus, et prebendis predictis, pro ^*'***'*'- 
decani, subdecani, sacriste, et canonicorum predictorum ac alia- 
rum personarum dicte ecclesie sustentacione, iuxta in&ascriptam 

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prouidam dicti illustrissimi domini Jaoobi Begis otdinacionem« 

perpetao appugauimus, absignauimxjs, et APPROPRiAUiMns ; ac 

prebends infrasciiptos canoiiicatus et prebendas de Spot, de Beltone, de 

BeStoun I^^i^"^®> ^ Pyncartone, infta ecdesiam coUegiatam de Dunbar, 

ecci^ina vnacum aichipresbiteratu et rectoria eiusdem ecclesie de Dunbar, 

^' Sanctiandree diooeais, de Ayr cum sua capella, de Dampnellytone, 

infra ecolesiam Olasgwensem, de Crieff infra eodesiam Dunkeld- 

densem, de Kyncardyne cum suis capellis annezis infra ecoleeiam 

^ Aboidenensem, de Pettebrawchle et de Duthell infra ecclesiaa 

glen Morauienses, insuper ecdesias perochiales de KyrkandnB, de Bal* 

^ ^ maclellane, de Eellis, Candedicaae diocesis^ de Forrest, de Glen- 

de forrest. quhoome, de Sutheke, Glasguensis diocesis, de Butt, Sodorensia 

diooesis, de Ellam et Cranschawis, dicte Sanctiandree diocesis, — 

quiquidem Ganonicatus et prebende ac perochiales ecclesie ante* 

dicte de jure patronatus dicti illustrissimi domini Jacobi Begis 

existunt, et illorum canonicatuum et prebendarum ac ipsarum 

ecclesiarum perochialium fiuctus ad sununam duarum mUlium 

librarum monete predicte Scocie non ascendunt^ de ipsius 

illustrissimi domini Jacobi Segis ibidem presentis et id fieri 

petentis expresso consensu et assensu, seruatis tamen premitus 

legittime iuris ordine, modo, et fonna, ac singulis aliis in pre* 

missis necessariis et requisitis seruandis, perpetuo ykiudcus, 

ANNEXIMUS, ET iNCOBPORAUiMns. Statuimus insuper et ordin- 

auimus, de ipsius illustrissimi domini Jacobi Begis ibidem, ut 

premittitur, presentis et id fieri petentis expresso consensu et 

assensu, fructus canonicatuum et prebendarum ac aliorum bene* 

ficiorum vnitorum et bonorum per dictum illustrissimum domi* 

j^ num Jacobum Begem assignatorum huiusmodi, inter singnlaa 

mercedes personas dicte erecte ecclesie in hunc qui sequitur modum di8-> 

tfiaml"^^' tribui debere et distribuimus : decano, videlicet*, quingentaa 

marcas, fructus tamen et eorumdem valores dicte prepositure 

ecclesie collegiate Beate Marie de Bupe in Sanctoandrea in 

huiusmodi summa includendo ; subdecano ducentas quadraginta 

marcas; sacriste ducentas quadragenta marcas; vni canonico 

de dictis sexdecim canonicis quern pre&tus illustrissimus 

dominus Jacobus Bex assumere uoluerit, centum libras; ac 

septem canonicis de dicto numero canonicorum vnicuique 

illorum centum marcas; reliquis vero octp canonicis singulis 

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eoromdem viginti Hbrad, vnacnm distribncionibus quotidianis ex qnibuB 
competentib«s; 8ex autem pneris octogenta decern marcas^^^ 
dicte monete ; ac ex fractibus curatorum beneficiorum predic- de pueris. 
torum ut prefertur per nos vnitorum congruam porcionem, de 
ecclesiis de Kyrkandiis viginti quatuor marcas, de Balmak- 
lellane yigenti quatuor, de Eellis yiginti quator, de Glen- 
qubome vigenti quatuor, de Suthleke vigenti quatuor, de Butt 
yiginti quatuor, de Forest vigenti sex, de Cranschawis viginti, de 
Ellam viginti, et vnicuique de quatuor capellis de Kynkardyn 
quindecun marcas in pecunia numerata dicte monete Scocie, 
dictarum diocesium, vnacum competenti mansione ad quamlibet vide bene, 
ecclesiam perochialem de predictis, pro vicariis perpetuis, ex 
qua ipei vicarij se commode sustentare et iura episcopalia per-> 
soluere ac alia onera sibi radone vic€uriarum perpetuarum huius* 
modi incumbencia supportare possint, reseruamus; insuper et 
porcionem de prouentibus canonicatuum et prebendarum, de 
Fyncartone vigenti, de Spot vigenti, de Beltone vigenti, de Dunse 
vigenti, de Bectoria dicte ecclesie coUegiate de Dunbar vigenti, et 
de illius archipresbiteratu vigenti quatuor, dicte Sanctiandree dio- 
cesis, in£ra huiusmodi ecclesiam coUegiatam de Dumbar, de Greiff 
infra Dunkeldenaem decem marcas, pieterea de Ayr infra Glasgu- 
ensem, de Eyncardyne infra Abberdonensem, de Pettebrawchly et 
de Duthel infra Morauiensem ecdesias, tantam et talem quantam 
presbiteri sen alij clerici remouibilesquiseruierunt in huiusmodi 
quatuor canonicatibus et prebendis iam immediate predictis perci- 
pere consueuerunt sen de presenti percipiunt^ insuper et vnicuique 
illorum quatuor vnam marcam sepefate monete pro presbiteris 
aeu alijs ydoneis seruientibus clericis qui in ecclesiis sine bene- 
ficiis sine cura predictis sic, vt premittitur, vnitis, in diuinis 
deseruiant, et alia illis incumbencia onera supportent^ quique 
huiusmodi porcionem, quam diu canonicatibus et prebendis ac 
sine cura beneficiis vnitis huiusmodi deseruierint^ percipiant, 
alioquin aliis illorum loco substituendis, assignamus. Yolumus 
eciam et ordinamus quod decanus, subdecanus, canonici, et ceteii vide bene. 
ministrantes in dicta erecta ecclesia, chores aliaque omamenta 
summis altaribus pertinenda et rectoribus dictarum ecclesiarum 
vnitarum de consuetudine incumbencia episcopalibus tamen 
ioribtis demptis, suis sumptibus et expensis sustentent con- 

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Google — 


gruenter et reforment Ac dicto illustrissimo domino Jacobo 
Begi, pro feUci statu et directione dicte erecte ecclesie et per- 
sonanmi in ea diuinis officiis insistenciam, salubria vtQia et 
honesta ac sacris canonibus non contraria edendi statuta quantum 
sue regie maiestati placuerit, auctoritate apostolica facultatem 
impertimur ; ac ius patronatus et presentandi personas ydoneas 
predicto decano et pro tempore existenti ad subdecanatum, 
sacristiam^ ac canonicatus, et prebendas erectos predictos, tarn 

depoeris. bac prima vice quam quociens vacabunt prefato illustrissimo 
domino Jacobo et pro tempore existenti Scotorum regi, et 
illorum institucionem, eidem decano jus vero instituendi et 
distituendi dictos sex pueros, tarn hac prima vice quam 
quociens placuerit, similiter eidem illustrissimo domino Jacobo 
et pro tempore existenti regi Scotorum perpetuo reseruamus 
et concessimus, prout erigimus^ et instituimus, applicamus, 
assignamus, appropriamus, vnimus, annectimus, incorporamus, 
statuimus, ordinamus, reseruamus, et concedimus, per presentes ; 

Notabene. oblaciones uero et alias obuenciones in dicta erecta ecclesia 
racione cure animarum prouenientes^ decano eiusdem ecclesie 
si inibi residenciam personalem fecerit et huiusmodi curam 
animarum regis, regine, et suorum officialium et familiarium 
exercuerit, alioquin, eo absente et residenciam personalem ibi 
minime faciente, subdecano eiusdem coUegij erecti qui decani 
yices supplere habeat, de supremi domini nostri Begis predicti 
consensu et assensu, pro perpetuo pertinere decemimua — Que 
OMNU et singula necnon litteras apostolicas huiusmodi, et huno 
nostrum processum, ac omnia et singula in eis contenta, vobis 
omnibus et singulis supradictis, communiter uel diuisim, quibus 
presens noster processus dirigitur, intimamus, insinuamus, et 
notificamus, ac ad vestram et cuiuslibet uestrum noticiam dedu- 
cimus et deduci volumus, presencium per tenorem. In quorum 
omnium et singulorum fidem et testimonium premissorum, pre- 
sentes litteras sine presens publicum instrumentum processum 
nostrum huiusmodi in se continentes sine continens, exinde fieri 
et per notaries publicos infrascriptos subscribi et publican man- 
dauimus nostrorumque sigillorum iussimus et fecimus appen- 
sionem communiri; et in signum consensus et assensus dicti 
serenissimi domini nostri regis, ad perpetue firmitatis corrobora- 

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cionem omnium et singulorum premissorum, suum magnum 
sigillum presentibus est appensum. Acta fuerunt hec quoad 
presentacionem dictarum litterarum apostolicarum per prefatum 
dominum nostrum regem iudicibus prescriptis, apud palacium 
suum de Falklande, prime die mensis Septembiis, hora decima, 
aut eo circa, ante meridiem ; quo vero ad alia premissa per pre- 
fatos indices dicta, erecta, et pubUcata, apud castrum de Stre- 
uyling sexto die mensis antedicti hora vndecima ante meridiem, 
anno Incamadoms Dominice miUesimo quingentesimo prime, 
indictione quarta, pontificatus sanctissimi in Christo patris et 
domini domini Alexandri diuina prouidencia Pape sexti anno 
decimo, presentibus ibidem venerabilibus in Christo patribus 
Andrea abbate monasterij de Lundoris, Andrea priore de Mayo 
ac prothonotario apostoUco, nobili et potenti domino Alexandre 
domino Hvme magno camerario Scocie, honorabiUbus viris Arch- 
baldo Edmonstone de Duntreith, Johanne Samsay, mUitibus, 
venerandis viris magistris Johanne Hepbume preposito de Lyn- 
clowdane, Willelmo BaUzhe rectore de Kerretone, Thoma Halkar- 
stone preposito de Creichtoune, Eoberto Schaw, clericis, Necnon 
prouidis viris Eoberto ColuUe de Hyltoune, Petro Creichtoune, 
Dauid Betone, WiUelmo Sympsone, et Adam fieid, laicis, testibus 
ad premissa successiue rogatis, pariter et requisitis. 
James R 

Et ego Henricus Alani, archidiaconus Dunblanensis, pub- 
licus auctoritatibus imperiali et regia notarius, quia 
predictarum litterarum apostolicarum presentacioni, re- 
cepcioni, processus huiusmodi decreti inteipositioni, erec- 
tionis pubUcacioni, ceterisque premissis successiue gestis 
et narratis, dum, vt premittitur, dicerentur et fierent, 
vnacum notario publico subscripto et testibus prenomi- 
natis, presens interfui, eaque sic dici et fieri vidi, sciui et 
audiui ac in notam cepi, ex qua presentem processum 
manu alterius scriptum in duabus membranis, quarum 
vltima linea prime sic desinit — Immediate subicimus, — et 
prima secunde sic incipit — Ita ut archiepiscopus, — filo 
consutis, meis nomine et subscripcione, vnacum coito- 
boracione sigillorum de quibus superius est facta mentio, 

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signaui in fidem et testimonium onmium et singulorum 

Henricua • '^ ^ ^ 

Aiaiii. premissorum, requisitus et rogatus. 

Et ego Thomas Allani, presbiter Glasguensis diocesis, sacris 
apostolica imperiali et regia auctoritatibns notarius pub- 
licus, quia predictarum litterarum apostolicarum presen- 
tacioniy recepcioni, processus huiusmodi decreti inter- 
posicioni, erectionis publicacioni, ceterisque premisais 
successiue gestis et narratis, dum, ut premittitur, dicer- 
entur et fiereut, vnacum domino notario publico et 
testibus suprascriptis, presens interfui, eaque sic dici et 
fieri vidi et sciui ac in notam cepi, ex qua presentem 
processum alterius manu scriptum in duabus membranis 
quarum vltima linea prime sic desinit — Inmediate subi- 
cimus, — et prima secunde sic incipit — Ita ut archiepis- 
copus, — filo consutis, meis nomine et subscripcione 
solitis, cum corroboracione sigillorum superius exprea- 
sorum, signaui in testimonium veiitatia premissorum, 

Allani. requisitua 


Alexander episcopus, seruus seruorum Dei, ad perpetuam rei 
memoriam. Apostolice nobis desuper meritis licet insufficient!- 
bus iniuncte seruitutis officium mentem nostram excitat, et in- 
ducit ut ea que eciam de mandate nostro pro statu prospero 
ecclesiarum ecclesiasticorumque beneficiornm ac personarum in 
illis diuims laudibus insistencium et eciam ad diuini cultus aug- 
mentum et perseueranciam prouide facta dicuntur apostolico 
munimine roboremus, vt eo firmius illibata persistant quo magis 
nostro fuerint presidio communita, ac alias in hijs eiusdem officii 
partes fauorabiliter impendamus prout in domino conspicimus 
salubriter expedire: Dudum siquidem pro parte carissimi in 
Ghristo filii nostri Jacobi Scotorum Eegia illustris nobis exposito 
quod, licet in Capella Begia nuncupata Beate Marie et Sancti 
Michaelis intra palacium ipsius Jacobi Begis, opidi de Sterling, 

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Sanctiandree diocesis, sita, vnus decanus nuncupatus ac quam- 
plures alii cantores et capellani ac clerici missas et alia diuina 
officia singulis diebus ad libitum prefati Jacobi Begis ammoui- 
biles celebrarent^ ipseque Jacobus Bex predictam Gapellam suis 
expensis leformari fecisset, ac libris, calicibus, et aliis ornamen- 
tis ecclesiasticis pro diuino cultu in eadem capella necessariis 
honorifice muniuisset et ornasset^ ac eciam nonnulla bona im- 
mobilia ad eum legittime pertinencia eidem capelle pro illius 
dote assignasset : Tamen si dicta capella in coUegiatam eccle- 
siani, et prepositura ecclesie Beate Marie de Bupe Sanctiandree, 
que inibi dignitas principalis et de jure patronatus prefati Jacobi 
et pro tempore existentis Scotorum regis, ex priuilegio apostolico 
cui eatenus derogatum non erat, existebat, et ad eius meram 
collacionem ex simili priuilegio apc^tolico pertinebat, eciam in 
decanatum eiusdem erigende ecclesie qui inibi dignitas eciam 
principalis existeret, — ^pro vno decano qui alijs eiusdem erigende 
ecclesie personis presset cuique cura animarum dicti Jacobi et 
pro tempore existentis regis et regine Scotorum et eorum officia- 
lium et familiarium continuorum conmensalium et eorumdem 
familiarium familiarum et seruitorum imineret, quique omni- 
modam iurisdictionem in omnes personas dicte erigende ecclesie 
pro tempore existentes haberet, et qui, dum in eadem ecclesia 
beate Marie de Bupe in ilia prepositus, dum uero in erigenda 
eedesia resideret in ilia decanus foret, ita ut non due dignitates 
existerent sed vnica dumtaxat in qualibet dictarum ecclesiarum 
preeminenciam habens existeret ; et vnus subdecanatus qui in vide 
eadem erigenda ecclesia dignitas secunda, — ^pro vno subdecano 
qui dicti decani, cum absens nel impeditus foret aut alias in 
ecclesia Beate Marie resideret, in omnibus vices exerceret et 
suppleret; ac vna sacristia que inibi officium seu administra- 
cio existerent, — pro vno sacrista qui iocalium et omamentorum 
dicte erigende ecclesie curam haberet; necnon sedecim canoni- 
catus et totidem prebende, — ^pro sedecim canonicis in cantu etDecanoni- 
alijs sufficienter instructis ; ac sex pueri clerici similiter in cantu ^^ 
competenter instructi seu ut instruerentur apti et ydonei, qui in 
eadem erigenda ecclesia diuina officia diuma, pariter et noctuma, 
prout in alijs ecclesiis coUegiatis regni Scocie celebrabantur seu 

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ad libitum et uoluntatem prefati Jacobietpro tempore existentis 
regis Scotorum, secundum morem et consuetudines Bomaue 
ecolesie, prout magis prefato Jacobo et pro tempore existenti regi 
Scotorum placeret, ita quod ad alium morem seu consuetudinem 
in ipsa erigenda ecclesia nisi prout Bex uellet in illis celebrandis 
obseruare non tenerentur, ad Dei laudem et pro ipsius Jacobi 
Begis eiusque antecessorum et successorum animarum salute 
decantare et celebrare et alias eidem erigende ecclesie in diuinis 

vide iuxta prouidam ipsius Jacobi Begis ordinacionem faciendam 

deseruire tenerentur, erigerentur et instituerentur : Et cum in 
prioratu de Bosnot, ordinis Sancti Augustini, dicti diocesis, duo 
dumtaxat canonici residere consueuisseut, quamuis illius fructus, 
redditus, et prouentus. Centum uiginti libras Stirlingorum secun- 
dum communem extimacionem ualerent annuatim et sufficientcs 
essent ad sustentacionem sex ac eciam plurium canonicorum 
dicti ordinis ; ac in ecclesia de Dumbar, eiusdem diocesis, illius 
canonici pro maiori parte non per se, sed prout in multis alija 
collegiatis ecclesijs regni Scocie iuxta consuetudinem eatenus 
obseruatam fieri consuetum erat per substitutos deseruirent ; si, 
reseruata congrua porcione ex fructibus dicti prioratus pro sex 
canonicis dicti ordinis, quorum prior dicti prioratus pro tempore 
existens vnus existeret, residuum fructuum dicti prioratus deca- 
natui et aliis inibi engendis, subdecanatui et sacristie ac canoni- 
catibus et prebendis, pro decano, subdecano, et sacrista^ canonicis, 
et aliis personis dicte erigende ecclesie pro tempore existentibus, 
iuxta huiusmodi prouidam ordinacionem prefati Jacobi Begis 
perpetuo applicarentur, ac canonicatus et prebende dicte ecclesie 
de Dunbar, qui de iure patronatus ipsius regis existebant, acalia 
beneficia ecclesiastica cum cura et sine cura in ciuitate vel dicta 
diocesi Sanctiandree seu alias vbUibet consistencia et de jure 
patronatus ipsius regis seu aliorum laicorum existencia^ quorum 
fructus, redditus, et prouentus cul valorem duarum millium 
librarum monete Scocie, quingentas libras Stirlingorum, uel circa 
constituencium, dumtaxat ascenderent annuatim, de quibus eidem 
Jacobo Begi videretur, de ipsius Jacobi regis et aliorum laicorum 

Nota. patronorum respectiue consensu, dicte erigende ecclesie, reseruata 
ex fructibus curatorum beneficiorum pro vicariis perpetuis eorum- 

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dem beneficiorum curatorum congrua porcione, ex qua ipsi vicarii 
se commode sustentare, iura episcopalia persoluere^ et alia onera 
sibi racione curatorum beneficiorum huiusmodi incumbencia 
supportare, possent, perpetuo vnirentur, annecterentur, et incor- 
porarentur, ita quod eciam congrua porcio presbiteris ydoneis ad 
hoc deputandis^ qui canonicatibus et prebendis et aliis vniendis 
sine cura beneficiis in diuinis officiis deseruirent, per eos ex 
canonicatuum et prebendarum ac sine cura vniendorum bene- 
ficiorum huiusmodi fructibus, quamdiu illis deseruirent, perci- 
pienda, assignaretnr, et residuum fructuum vniendorum benefi- 
ciorum huiusmodi, deductis porcionibus predictis, inter decanum, 
subdecanum, sacristam, et canonicos predictos, et alias personas 
dicte erigende ecclesie, iuxta prouidam ordinacionem ipsius 
Jacobi Eegis desuper faciendam, distribuerentur : Ex hoc, non 
solum in ipsa capella postquam in collegiatam ecclesiam ac in ea 
dignitates ac canonicatus et prebende et alia ofScia huiusmodi 
erecta seu instituta et pueri huiusmodi instituti forent, sed eciam 
in de Dunbar et aliis ecclesiis et beneficiis vniendis ac prioratu 
huiusmodi, diuinus cultus augmentum susciperet et eciam ad 
decorem dicte capelle cederet : Et ipse Jacobus Bex, ultra bona 
predicta per eum dicte capelle assignata alia bona patrimonialia 
valoris annui quingentarum librarum uel circa monete Scocie 
huiusmodi pro premissis assignaret; ac pro parte dicti Jacobi 
Eegis nobis humiliter supplicate vt in premissis oportune proui- 
dere de benignitate apostolica dignaremur: Nos tunc, de pre- 
missis certam noticiam non habentes, eiusdem Jacobi Begis in ea 
parte supplicacionibus inclinati, Sancte Cmcis et de Scona, dicte 
diocesis, monasteriorum abbatibus, ac archidiacono Laudonie, in 
ecclesia Sanctiandree, eorum propriis nominibus non expressis, 
alijs nostris litteris dedimus in mandatis quatenus ipsi, uel duo, 
aut vnus eorum, si erat ita, eandem capellam postquam prefatus 
Jacobus Bex, alia bona valoris annui quingentarum librarum 
monete Scocie huiusmodi, uel circa, realiter et cum effectu pro 
premissis assignasset, sub eadem inuocacione in collegiatam ec- 
clesiam cum communi archa, sigQlo, capitulo et alijs collegialibus 
insignijs, et in ea dictam preposituram in decanatum qid inibi 
eciam dignitas principalis existeret, pro tunc et pro tempore 

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existente preposito dicte ecclesie Beate Marie, qui eciam decantis 
in dicta erigenda ecclesia existeret, ac alijs personis eiusdem 
erigende ecclesie preesset ciiique cura animarum dicti Jacobi et 
pro tempore existentis regis et regine Sootorum et eorum oflScia- 
lium et familiarium continuorum conmensalium et eorumdem 
faxmliarium familiarium et seruitorum pro tempore existencium 
immineret quique omnimodam iorisdictionem in omnes personas 
dicte erigende ecclesie pro tempore existentes haberet, et qui 
dum in ecclesia beate Marie resideret sen foret in ilia prepositus, 
dum uero in erigenda ecclesia in ilia decanus existeret, ita quod 
non essent due dignitates sed vnica dumtaxat in qualibet die- 
vide bene, tarum ecclesiarum preeminenciam habens existeret ; et vnum 
subdecanatum qui in eadem erigenda ecclesia dignitas secunda, 
pro vno subdecano qui vices dicti decani, cum absens uel impe- 
ditus foret aut alias in ecclesia Beate Marie resideret, in omnibus 
exerceret et suppleret ; ac vnam sacristiam que inibi officium 
sen administracio existeret, pro uno sacrista qui iocalium et 
aliorum omamentorum dicte ecclesie erigende curam haberet; 
necnon sedecim canonicatus et totidem prebendas, pro sedecim 
canonicis in cantu peritis et alias sui&cienter instructis ; ac sex 
de pueris. pueros clericos similiter in cantu competenter instructos sen ut 
instruerentur aptos et ydoneos, qui in eadem erigenda ecclesia 
diuina officia diuma, pariter et noctuma, prout in ecclesiis aliis 
coUegiatis predicti regni Scocie celebrabantur seu ad libitum et 
voluntatem prefati Jacobi et pro tempore existentis regis 
Scotorum, secundum morem et consuetudinem Bomane ecclesie 
huiusmodi, prout magis prefato Jacobo et pro tempore existenti 
Begi Scotorum placeret, ita quod ad alium morem seu consue- 
tudinem in ipsa erigenda ecclesia, nisi prout Bex uellet^ in illis 
celebrandis obseruare non tenerentur, ad Dei laudem et eciam 
pro ipsius Jacobi Begis eiusque antecessorum et successorum 
animarum salute decantare et celebrare, et alias eidem erigende 
ecclesie in diuinis iuxta prouidam ipsius Jacobi Begis ordina^ 
cionem faciendam, deseruire tenerentur, erigere et instituere : 
Necnon predicta per ipsum regem tunc assignata et in posterum 
assignanda bona, mobilia et immobilia, pro ipsius capelle in col- 
legiatam erigende ecclesie, ac decanatus, subdecanatus, sacristie. 

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canonicatuumy et prebendanim^ ac cleiicorum predictorum dote, 
et eoTumdem decani subdecaniy sacriste, ac canoniconun, et puer- 
orum, et aliarmn eiusdem erigende ecclesie personanmi sustenta- 
done; ac, reseraata congrua porcione pro sex canonicis dicti 
ordinis qni in eodem prioratu in diuinis deseruire et nacare 
haberent, et ex quibus dicti prioratns prior pro tempore existens 
vnus existeret, ex bonis et fructibns dicti prioratus, residuum 
quod ex bonis et fructibus dicti prioratus superesset^ decanatui, 
subdecanatoi, sacristie, ac canonicatibus, et prebendis predictis, 
pro decani, subdecani, sacriste, ac canonicorum predictorum, et 
aliarum personarum dicte ecclesie sustentacione, iuxta huius- 
modi dicti Jacobi Regis ordinacionem, perpetuo applicare assig- 
nare et appropriare ; ac dicte erigende ecclesie, postquam ereota 
foret, dicte de Dumbar et aliarum coUegiatarum ecclesiarum 
dicte seu aliarum diocesitun, canonicatus, et prebendas, ac per- 
rochiales ecclesias, et alia beneficia ecclesiastica cum cura et sine 
cura, iuris patronatus ipsius regis seu aliorum laicorum, quorum 
fructus, redditus, et prouentus duo millia librarum monete Scocie 
dumtaxat secundum communem extimacionem ualerent annua- 
tim, si ad hoc prefati fiegis et aliorum laicorum de quorum iure 
patronatus beneficia unienda huiusmodi forent respectiue expres- 
sus accederet assensus, perpetuo unire, annectere, etincorporare; 
ac qualiter fructus canonicatuum et prebendarum ac aliorum 
beneficiorum unitorum huiusmodi et aliorum bonorum per dictum 
regem assignatorum uel assignandorum inter singulas personas 
dicte erigende ecclesie distribui deberent, de ipsius Jacobi Begis 
consensu statuere et ordinare ; ac ex fructibus curatorum bene- 
ficiorum huiusmodi uniendorum congruam porcionem pro vicariis 
perpetuis, ex qua ipsi vicarii se commode sustentare et iura 
episcopalia persoluere ac alia onera sibi racione vicariarum per- 
petuarum huiusmodi incumbencia supportare possent, reseruare ; 
ac eciam porcionem pro presbiteris ydoneis qui in de Dunbar et 
aliis coUegiatis ecclesiis sine beneficiis sine cura, que dicte eri- 
gende ecclesie unirentur, in diuinis deseruirent et alia illis 
incumbencia onera supportarent, quique huisusmodi porcionem, 
quamdiu canonicatibus et prebendis ac sine cura beneficiis unitis 
huiusmodi deseruirent, preciperent^ alioquin eorum loco alij 

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de statatis substituerentur, assignare ; ac singula que pro felid statu ac 
p^^® ^" directione ecclesie predicte erigende, et personarum in ea diuinis 
officiis huiusmodi insistencium, salubria et vtilia esse cognosoe- 
rent et alias licita et honesta et sacris canonibus non contiariia» 
statuere et ordinare ; ac ius pationatus et presentandi personas 
ydoneas predicto decano eciam pro tempore existenti ad sub- 
decanatum, saciistiam, ac canonicatus, et prebendas erigendos 
,predictos, tarn ea prima vice quam quociens vacarent, prefato 
Jacobo et pro tempore existenti regi Scotorum, et Hlorum insti- 
tuciones eidem decano, ius vero instituendi et destituendi dictos 
sex pueros, tam ea prima vice quam quociens placeret, similiter 
eidem Jacobo et pro tempore existenti Eegi Scotorum, perpetuo 
Decura reseruare et concedere auctoritate nostra curarent. Nos, si 
J^**™"^ erectionem huiusmodi et alia premissa per eos aut aliquem ex eis 
regine et earumdem litterarum nostrarum uigore fieri contingeret, ut pre- 
eHs^con^" fertur, dicto decano pro tempore existenti, absoluendi regem et 
reginam Scotorum pro tempore existentes eorumque liberos in 
casibus sedi predicte reseruatis, de casibus* non consessis pre- 
terquam offense ecclesiastice libertatis criminum, heresis et 
rebellionis aut conspiracionis in personam uel statum Bomani 
pontificis seu sedem predictam, falsitatis litterarum apostoli- 
carum, supplicacionum- et commissionum, inuasionis, depreda- 
cionis, occupacionis, aut deuastacionis terranmi et maris Eomane 
ecclesie mediate uel immediate subiectorum, offense personalis in 
episcopum uel alium prelatum, prohibicionis deuolucionis causa- 
rum ad Bomanam curiam, delacionis armorum, et aliorum prohibi- 
torum ad partes infidelium, semel dumtaxat in uita ; in aliis uero 
quociens foret oportunum, confessione eorum diligenter audita 
pro commissis, absoluendi, et iniungendi eis penitenciam saluta- 
rem, ac omnium peccatorum suorum, de quibus corde contriti 
et ore confessi forent, eciam semel in uita et in mortis articulo, 
quociens articulus mortis huiusmodi eueniret, plenam remis- 
sionem eis in sinceritate fidei, vnitate dicte Bomane ecclesie ac 
obediencia et deuocione nostra et successorum nostrorum 
Bomanorum Pontificum canonice intrantium persistentibus, 

* The words "de casibus non consessis*' are written on the margin, and in 
another hand than that of the text. 

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auctoiitate apostolica concedendi, eadem auctoritate facultatem 
concessimus. Et deikde^ sicut exhibita nobis nuper pro parte peticio 
prefati Jacobi Regis et dilectorum filiorum decani et capituli ^?f ©t* 
dicte erecte ecclesie peticio continebat, tunc abbas monasterii capituli. 
de Scona et archidiaconus Laudonie hxiiusmodi ad execucionem 
earumdem litteranun, alias illarum forma seruata, procedentes, 
quia ita esse reperierunt^ dictam capellam, postquam prefatus 
Jacobus Sex de suis bonis patrimonialibus^ certa bona immobilia 
tunc expressa^ valoris annui quingentarum librarum monete 
Scocie, pro dote dicte erigende ecclesie et alias iuxta dictarum 
litterarum tenorem assignauerat, in coUegiatam ecclesiam, ac in 
ea dictam preposituram in decanatmn dignitatem principalem^ 
subdecanatum^ sacristiam, et sedecim canonicatus, et totidem 
prebendas, ac sex pueros clericos, alias iuxta tenorem dictarum 
litterarum erexerunt et instituerunt ; ac, reseruatis ex fructibus 
dicti prioratus pro priore et aliis quinque canonicis regularibus 
dicti ordinis quadringentis marchis monete Scocie huiusmodi, 
residuum fructuum dicti prioratus dicte ecclesie erecte perpetuo 
applicarunt et appropriarunt ; acrectoriam et archipresbiteratum 
nuncupates et certos alios tunc expresses canonicatus et pre- 
bendas dicte ecclesie de Dunbar, ac de Kyrkandris, et de Balma- 
clellane, et de Kellis, ac de Glenquhoome, necnon de Swythtyk, 
et de Butt, ac de Foresta, necnon de Cranschawis, et de EUam 
predicte, et Glasguensis ac Candidecase diocesium perrochiales 
ecdesias, que, ac rectoria et archipresbiteratus nuncupati ac 
singuli alii canonicatus et prebende predicti, iurispatronatus 
prefati R^is existebant et quorum omnium insimul fructus, red- 
dituSy et prouentus duarum millium librarum monete Scocie 
secundum communem extimacionem ualorem annuum non exce- 
dunt, de ipsius Jacobi consensu, eidem erecte ecclesie pro illius 
dote et ministris seu personis eius, perpetuo vnierunt, annexe- 
runt> et incorporauerunt, ita quod, cedentibus uel decedentibus 
rectoriam archpresbiteratum et alios canonicatus et prebendas 
ac perrochiales ecclesias huiusmodi obtinentibus, liceret eisdem 
decano et capitulo dicte ecclesie erecte Ulorum corporalem pos- 
sessionem propria auctoritate apprehendere et perpetuo retinere, 
et ex dictis fructibus inclusis in eis fructibus, dicte prepositure 

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Beate Marie de Btipe decano qomgentas ; etsubdecano duoentas 

Nota.— et qnadraginta marchas ; et totidem sacriste ; ac vni canonico ex 

^tocio'^' dictis sedecim canonicia quern rex assumer^ sen nominare 

cantoris, uoluerit, ita quod cantor dicte ecclesie collegiate erecte existat^ 

centum libras dicte monete ; ac singulis ex septem centum mar-^ 

chas ; reliquis uero singulis octo canonicis viginti libras vnacum 

distriba- distribucionibus quottidianis ; pro omnibus uero sex pueris 

tiditmsB.^^ predietis nonaginta mar6as dicte monete ; et ex fructibus sin- 

Kota.— De gularum de Kyrkandris^ et de Balmaclellane, ac de Kellis^ et 

STpor- de Glenquhoome, necnon de Swythtyk, et de Buytt^ viginti 

cionibus quatuor, et de Foresta viginti sex, de Cranschawis viginti, et 

de EUam, perrochialium ecclesiarum predictarum pro singulis 

illarum perpetuis vicariis viginti marchas similes in pecunia 

numerata, cum mansione sen habitacione competenti ad quam- 

libet perrochialium ecclesiarum predictarum pertinente pro 

congrua porcione singuloram illorum vicariorum perpetuorum 

pro tempore existenciimi, blc eciam congruam porcionem ecclesie 

de Dunbar, uidelicet, rectorie, viginti, archipresbiteratui viginti 

quatuor, de Pjncartone viginti, de Spot viginti, de Beltone 

viginti, de Dunsque nuncupatis canonicatibus et prebendis 

viginti marchas similes, ac aliis beneficiis sine cura predietis 

eciam dicte erecte ecclesie vnitis sen illorum fructibus pro pres- 

biteris ydoneis qui illis, alias iuxta tenorem dictarum litterarum, 

deseruire haberent, congruas porciones reseruarunt, et assigna- 

runt, et tantum percipere habeant deseruiendo : Ac eciam quod 

, De obla- oblcu^iones in dicta erecta ecclesia racione cure animarum pro- 

Kotabene. ueuientes, decano eiusdem ecclesie cum inibi residenciam fecerit, 

alioqidn, eo absente, subdecano pro tempore existenti pertineant, 

De statu* de prefati regis consensu ordinarunt : Ac eidem Jacobo et pro 

*^ tempore existenti regi Scotorum, pro felici statu dicte erecte 

ecclesie, racionabilia ac licita et honesta statuta £eu;iendi et 

edendi facultatem concesserunt, ac jus patronatus et presentandi 

subdecanum, sacristam, slc canonicos ad subdecanatum, sacris- 

tiam, ac canonicatus, et prebendas, tam ea vice quam quociens 

uacabunt, et ius instituendi dictos pueros prefato Jacobo Begi et 

successoribus suis ; ius uero instituendi ad subdecanatum, sacris- 

tiam, ac canonicatus, et prebendas predictos, tam ea prima uice 

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quam eciam quociens uacabunt, pro tempore presentatos, decauo 
predicto eciam pro tempore existenti perpetuo reseraanmt et 
concesserant : Et alia sibi commissa fecenmt prout in litteris 
predictis continetnr ac processa seu quodam instrumento 
publico desuper habito et confecto dicitur plenius contineri. 
Cum axjtsm sicut eadem peticio subiungebat dictus Jacobus Erectio 
Eex cupiat quod unus ex dictis canonicis nominandis, pro quo °*"^"®- 
est reseruata porcio centum librarum dicte monete Scocie, sit 
cantor in dicta ecclesia, sic in collegiatam erecta, et si in ilia 
erigeretur vna cantoria que inibi dignitas et similiter de iure 
patronatus dicti Jacobi et pro tempore existentis Kegis Scotorum 
existeret^ et per dictum canonicum cantorem canonicatum et pre- 
bendam predictos pro quibus dicta porcio centum librarum re- 
seruata est pro tempore obtinentem obtineatur^ erigeretur et in- 
stitueretur in eadem ecclesia» dignitatum numerus augeretur ad 
Dei laudem et ipsius ecclesie decorem ; pro parte Jacobi Segis 
ac decani et capituli predictorum nobis fuit humiliter supplica- 
tum vt premissis omnibus et singulis, per dictos abbatem de 
Scona et archidiaconum litterarum dictarum vigore factis et 
executis, pro illorum subsistencia firmiori robur apostolice con- 
firmacionis adicere, ac in dicta erecta ecclesia vnam cantoriam, Cantoria. 
que inibi dignitas eciam de iure patronatus dicti Segis sit^ 
erigere> ac alias in premissis oportune prouidere de benignitate 
apostolica dignaremur, Nos larruB, qui dudum inter alia 
uolumus quod petentes beneficia ecclesiastica alijs uniri teneren- 
tur exprimere uerum valorem secundum extimacionem prediotam, 
eciam beneficii cui aliud uniri peteretur, alioquin vnio non 
ualeret, et semper in vnionibus commissio fieret ad partes, 
uocatis quorum interesset, et idem obseruaretur in confirmacioni- 
bus vnionum iam faotarum, decanum et capitulum prefatos ac Nota.~ 
ipsius capituli singulares personas a quibuscunque excommuni- p^,!^^^^^^ 
cacionis suspensionis et inter dicti aliisque ecclesiasticis sen- ^rum 
tenciis censuris et penis a iure uel ab homine quauis occasione subdecani 
ud causa latis si quibus quomodolibet innodati existunt ad"??"**®®* 

^ ^ aliaram 

enectum presencium dumtaxat consequendum harum serie ab- person- 
soluentes et absolutos fore censentes ac fructuum reddituum et ^n™r^e 
prouentuum mense capitularis dicte erecte ecclesie uerum stnuileng- 


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valorem annnum presentibus pro expresso habentes, huiosmodi 
supplicacionibus inclinati, dicte capelle in coUegiatam ecdesiam 

Nota. et in ea decaaatus subdecanatus sacristie sedecim canonicataum 
et totidem prebendarum necnon sex puerorum predictorum 
erectionem et institucionem ac eidem ecclesie pro eius ac 
decanatus subdecanatus sacristie canonicatuum et prebendanun 
dote et decani subdecani sacriste canonicorum et puerorum et 
aliarum personarum dicte ecclesie sustentacione applicacionem 
bonorum et dicti prioratus fructuum necnon Bectorie et Archi- 
presbiteratus nuncapatorum et singulorum aliorum canonica- 
tuum et prebendarum dicte ecclesie de Dunbar ac aliorum 
beneficiorum curatorum et non curatorum vnionem annexionem 
et incorporacionem ac reseruacionem seu assignacionem con- 
gruarum porcionum pro vicarijs perpetuis curatorum beneficiorum 
et presbitris qui Eectorie et Archipresbiteratui nuncupatis ac aliis 
canonicatibus et prebendis et sine cura vnitis beneficiis huiua- 
modi deseruire habeant necnon ordinacionem et fcwjultatem ac 
reseruacionem tam iuris patronatus quam institucionis et desti- 
tucionis predictarum tam Eegi quam decano predictis respectiue 

NoUbene. factas predictas et alia premissa omnia et singula per dictos 
Abbatem de Scona et Archidiaconum ut prefertur statuta et 
ordinata et facta et executa auctoritate apostolica tenore pre- 
sencium approbamus et confirmamus supplentes omnes singulos 
defectus si qui forsan interuenerint in eisdem, premissaque 
omnia perpetue firmitatis robur obtinere debere decernimus, 
necnon facultatem absoluendi Begem et Keginam et alios predictos 
in casibus predictis eidem decano per dictas litteras concessam 
ad subdecanum eiusdem ecclesie pro tempore existentem per se 
uel alium seu alios presbiteros ydoneos seculares vel cuiusuis 
ordinis regulares, dicto decano absente et eciam eo presente 
exercendam, extendimus, seu dicto subdecano ut prefertur con- 
cedimus ; ac in eadem erecta ecclesia vnam cantoriam que inibi 
dignitas ante dictam sacristiam et similiter de iure patronatus 
dicti Begis eciam pro tempore existentis existat, pro uno cantore, 
qui similiter ex dictis sedecim canonicis per dictum Begem 
nominandus existat, et ad illam prefato decano presentetui 
et per eum instituatur, eisdem auctoritate et tenore absque 

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alicuius preiudicio erigimus et instituimus, non obstantibas 
uoluntate nostra predicta et alijs constitucionibus et ordina- 
ciouibus apostolicis ac dicte ecclesie iuramento confirmacione 
apostolica uel quauis firmitate alia loboratis statutis et con- 
suetudinibus ceterisque contrariis quibuscunque : Nulli ergo 
omnino hominum liceat banc paginam nostre absolucionis appio- 
bacionis confirmacionis suppletionis decreti extensionis conces- 
sionis erectionis et institucionis infdngere uel ei ausutemerario 
contraire: Si quis antem hoc attemptare presumpserit, indig- 
nacionem omnipotentis Dei ac beatorum Petri et Pauli aposto- 
lorum eius se nouerit incursurom. Datum Eome apud Sanctum 
Petrum anno incamacionis dominice Millesimo quingentesimo 
secundo sextodecimo Kalendas Maij Pontificatus nostri anno 


Alexander episcopus Seruus seruorum Dei Dilectis filijs 
Sancte crucis et Cambusthinet ac de Pasleto Sanctiandree et 
Glasguensis diocesium monasteriorum abbatibus^ salutem et 
apostolicam benedictionem : Militanti ecclesie Ucet inmeriti dis* 
ponente domino presidentes circa curam ecclesiarum omnium 
solercia reddimur indefessa soUiciti ut iuxta debitum pastoralis 
officii earum occuramus dispendijs et profectibus diuina co- 
operante clemencia salubriter intendamus. Sane pro parte 
dilectorum filiorum Decani subdecani sacriste canonicorum 
puerorum clericorum et aliarum personarum ecclesie Gapelle 
S^e nuncupate beate Marie et Sancti Michaelis, intra palacium 
opidi de Stirlyng Sancte Andree diocesis site, conquestione per- 
cepimus quod ipsi dubitant ne aliqui archiepiscopi et episcopi 
alijque ecclesiarum prelati et clerici ac ecclesiastice persone tarn 
religiose quam seculares, 'necnon Duces Marchiones Gomites 
Barones Nobiles Milites et laici, communia ciuitatum vniuer- 
sitates opidorum Castrorum villarum et aliorum locorum, ac alie 
singulares persone ciuitatum et diocesium et aliarum partium 
diuersarum occupent et occupari faciant Castra villas et alia 

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loca terras domos possessiones iura et iurisdictiones necnon 
fructas census redditos et prouentus dicte ecclesie, et nonnulla 
alia bona mobilia et immobilia spiritualia et tempoialia, ad de* 
canom subdecanum sacristam canonicos paeros et alias peisonas 
et ecclesiam predictos spectancia^et ea detineant indebite occupata 
sea ea detinentibos prestent anziliom consilium uel fauorem, ac 
eciam nonnulli ciuitatum et diocesium ac parcium predictamm 
qui nomen domini inuanum recipere, non fonnidabunt eisdem 
decano subdecano sacriste canonicis pueris et personis necnon 
eantori eiusdem ecclesie nunc et pio tempore existentibus^ super 
predictis castris villis et lods alijs terris domibus possessionibus 
iuribus et iurisdictionibus priuilegiis indultis exempcionibus 
immunitatibus ac fructibus censibus redditibus et prouentibua 
eorumdem, et quibuscumque aliis bonis mobilibus et immobilibns 
spiritualibus et temporalibus et alijs rebus ad eosdem decaiium 
subdecanum sacristam cantorem canonicos pueros et personas ac 
ecclesiam predictos communiter uel diuisim nunc et pro tern* 
pore spectantibus, multiplices molestias et iniurias inferant et 
iacturas: Quare dicti decanus subdecanus sacrista canonici et 
persone nobis humiUter supplicarunt, ut cum eis et edam decano 
eiusdem ecclesie pro tempore existenti ualde redderetur difficile 
pro singulis querelis ad apostolicam sedem habere leouisam 
prouidere ipsis super hoc patema diligenoia curaremus. Nos 
IGITX7B, qui hodie in eadem ecdesia vnam cantoriam que inibi 
dignitas existeret pro uno cantore qui vnus ex canonicis eiusdem 
ecclesie existeret, per alias litteras nostras ereximus, aduersus 
occupatores detentores presumptores molestatores et inionatores 
huiusmodi illo volentes eisdem decano subdecano saciiste eantori 
canonicis pueris et personis remedio subuenire, per quod ipsonun 
compescatur temeritas, et aliis aditus committendi similia pre- 
cludatur, discretioni nostre per apostolica scripta mandamus, 
quatenuB uos uel duo aut ynus uestrum per uos uel alium sen 
alios eciam si sint extra loca in qtdbus deputati estis conser- 
uatores et indices prefatis decano subdecano sacriste eantori 
canonicis pueris et personis nunc et pro tempore existentibus 
efficacis defensionis presidio assistentes, non permittatis eosdem 
super hijs et quibuslibet aliis bonis ac iuribus ad decanum sub* 


b^ Google 


decanum sacristam caniorem canonicos pueros et personas nee- Cantoria. 
non ecclesiam piedictos communiteT uel diuisim nunc et pro 
tempore ezistentibus super priuilegijs indultis exempcionibus et 
immunitatibus predictis ab eisdem uel quibusuis alijs indebite 
molestari uel eis grauamina uel dampna 8eu iniurias irrogari 
facturiy dictis decano subdecano sacriste eantori canonicis per* 
sonis et pueris cum ab eis uel procuratoribus suis aut eorum de robore 
aliquo fueritis requisiti de predictis et alijs personis quibuslibet t^^"*** 
super restitudone dictorum castrorum villarum terrarum et 
aliorum locorum iurisdictionem iurium et bonorum mobilium 
et inunobilium reddituum quoque et prouentuum et aliorum 
quorumcunque bonorum necnon de quibuslibet molestiis 
iniuriis atque damnis presentibus et futuris in illis videlicet 
qui iudidalem requirunt indaginem summarie et de piano sine 
strepitu et figura iudicij in alijs uero prout qualitas eorum 
exegerit iusticie complementum occupatores seu detentoies pre- 
sumptores molestatores et iniuriatores huiusmodi necnon con- 
tradictores quoslibet et rebelles eciam exemptos eciam ordinum 
quorumcunque eciam quascumque similes uel dissimiles conser* 
natorias habentes dt quibuscumque pritdl^iis munitoe cuius- 
cumque dignitatis status gradus ordinis uel condicionis extiterint 
quandocumque et quocienscumque expedierit auctoritate nostra 
per censuram ecclesiasticam appellatione postposita oompescendo Kota.--De 
inuocato ad hoc si opus fuerit auxilio brachij secularis Ita quod ^P^*" 
ipsi decanus subdecanus sacrista cantor canonid pueri et alio 
persone dicte ecdesie nunc et pro tempore existentes ne a diuinis Nota.— 
letrahantuT extra locum dicie ecdesie eciam pretextu quarum- ^^^^ 
cumque aliarnm conseruatoriarum ad iudidum euocari non pos- diuinis ex- 
sint sed teneantur dumtaxat coram nobis aut aliquo uestrum ^^^' 
seu deputads a nobis de iustida respondere ceterum si per 
snmmariam informacionem super hiis per uos habendam nobis 
constiterit quod ad loca in quibus occupatores detentores pre- 
sumptores molestatores et iniuriatores huiusmodi ao alios quos 
presentes litters concemunt pro tempore moneri contigerit pro 
monicionibus ipsis et citacionibus de eis fadendis tutus non 
pateat accessus seu eorum copia commode haberi non possit nos 
nobis citaciones et monidones quaslibet per edita publica locis 

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affigenda publicis et partibus illis uicinis de qiiibus sit uerisimilis 

coniectura quod ad noticiam citatorum et monitorum huiusmodi 

Kota.— De peruenixe valeant faciendi ac quibuscumque alijs conseruatoribus 

^"®™,. . quibusuis alijs persoms ecclesiis monasterijs locis et ordinibus 

sub qui- eciam per litteras apostolicas sub quibuscumque teuoribus de- 

tenoribns^ putatis et deputandis eciam sub censuris ecclesiasticis inhibendi 

eciam sub pleuam et liberam concedimus tenore presencium facultatem, ac 

eccf^is^ti- uolumus et predicta auctoritate decernimus quod moniciones et 

cifl inhi- citaciones huiusmodi sic facte perinde citatos et monitos arctent 
bendi. .. ,... .. 

ac 81 eis personabter msmuate et intimate extitissent, non obstan- 

tibus tam felicis recordacionis Bonifacij pape octaui predecessoria 
nostri, in quibus cauetur ne aliquis extra suam ciuitatem et 
diocesim nisi in certis exceptis casibus et in illis ultra unam 
dietam a fine sue diocesis ad indicium euocetur : Sen ne indices 
et conseruatores prefati a sede deputati predicta extra ciuitatem 
et diocesim in quibus deputati fuerint contra quoscumque pro- 
cedere sen alij uel alijs uices suas committere aut aliquos ultra 
unam dietam a fine diocesis eorum trahere presumant et de 
duabus dietis in consilio generali edita dummodo ultra qnatuor 
dietas aliquis auctoritate presencium non trahatur, seu quod da 
alijs quam manifestis iniurijs et uiolentiis ac alijs que iudicialem 
requirunt indaginem penis in eos si secus egerint ad id pro-v 
curantes adiectis Conseruatores se nuUatenus intromittant quam 
aliis quibuscumque constitucionibus a predecessoribus nostris 
Bomanis pontificibus tam de iudicibus delegatis et conseruatori- 
bus quam personis ultra certum numerum ad indicium non 
uocandis aut alijs editis que uestre possent in hac parte iuris- 
dictioni aut potestati eiusque libero exercicio quomodolibet 
obuiare necnon quibusius priuUegijs et indultis alijs ecclesiis 
notabene monasterijs et locis ac iUorum personis et ordinibus quibus- 
censL et cumque eciam Gluniacensis uel Cisterciensis sub quibuscumque 

cistercien- tenoribus concessis eciam si in illis caueatur expresse quod pre- 
MBordines. i. <.. . 

textu quarumcumque auarum conseruatonarum et utterarum 

apostolicarum extra loca eorum coram quibusuis iudicibus et 

conseruatoribus apostolicis ad indicium euocari non possiut sed 

teneantur coram eorum conseruatoribus et delegatis ab eis dum- 

taxat respondere et queuis citaciones et inbibiciones inde pro 

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by Google 


tempore secute nuUius sint roboris uel momenti qiiibus illis 
alias in suo robore permansuris quoad premissa hac uice dum- 
taxat Iiarum serie specialiter et expresse derogamus contrariis 
quibuscumque seu si aliquibus communiter uel diuisim a pre- 
dicta sit sede indultum quod interdici suspendi uel excommuni* 
cari seu extra uel ultra certa loca ad iudicium euocari uon 
possint per litteras apostolicas non facientes plenam et expressam 
ac de uerbo ad uerbum de indulto huiusmodi et eorum personis 
locis ordinibus et nominibus propriis mencionibus et qualibet 
alia dicte sedis indulgencia generali uel speciali cuiuscumque 
tenoris existat per quam presentibus non expressam uel totaliter 
non insertam uestre iurisdictionis explicacio in hac parte ualeat 
quomodolibet impediri et de qua cuiusque toto tenore habenda 
sit de uerbo ad uerbum in nostris litteris mencio specialis. £t 
insuper uolumus et apostolica auctoritate decernimus quod 
quilibet uestrum prosequi ualeat articulum eciam per alium 
inchoatum quamuis idem inchoans nuUo fuerit impedimento 
canonico prepeditus quodque a dato presencium sit nobis et 
unicuique uestrum in premissis et eorum singulis ceptis et non 
ceptis presentibus et futuiis perpetuata potestas et iurisdictio 
attributa ut eo uigore eaque firmitate possitis in premissis 
omnibus ceptis et non ceptis presentibus et futuris ac pro pre- 
dictis procedere ac si predicta omnia et singula coram nobis 
cepta fuissent et iurisdictio uestra et cuiuslibet vestrum in pre- 
dictis omnibus et singulis per citacionem uel modum alium 
pei'petuata legittime extitisset constitucione predicta super con- 
seruatoribus et alia qualibet in contrarium edita non obstantibus 
presentibus perpetuis futuris temporibus ualituris. Datum 
Bome apud Sanctum Petrum anno incarnacionis Dominice 
mUlesimo quingentesimo secundo sextodecimo kalendas Maij 
Pontificatus nostri anno decimo. 

4. Vnio ecclesib de Kirkynner. 

Gborgius miseracione diuina episcopus Candidecase Omnibus 
et singulis dominis Abbatibus Prioribus Archidiacoms Decanis 

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Cantoribus Sacristis ecclesiarum perrochialium Bectoribus vi- 
cariis perpetuis alteristis presbiteris curatis et non cuiatis 
ceterisque Christi fidelibus clericis et laicis per regnum Scocie 
ubilibet constitutis ad quorum noticias presentes littere peru- 
enerint salutem cum benedictione diuina Iniunctum nobis pas- 
torale officium mentem nostram excitat et inducit ut ad ea per 
que ecclesiarum presertim collegiatarum necnon personarum in 
illis altissimo famulancium necessitatibus cousulatur operosis 
studiis et remediis fauorabiliter intendamus Sane pro parte 
venerabilium et religiosorum nostrqrum Prions et capituli nostri 
ecclesie nostre Candidecase ordinis premonstratensis nobis nuper 
exhibita peticio continebat quod excellentissimus ac metuendis- 
simus princeps et dominus noster dominus Jacobus Bex quartus 
Scotorum illustrissimus modernus ecclesiam perrochialem de 
Kyrkandris nostre diocesis de ipsius lure patronatus hereditarie 
pertinentem cum omnibus iuribus et pertinenciis suis dictis 
priori et capitulo eorumque successoribus in perpetua elimosina 
concessit et in proprietate donauit cuius donacionis uigore 
eorum necessitatibus prouidetur utiliter ac laudabiliter subu- 
enitur et cum ecclesia perrochialis de Kyrkynnire eciam nostre 
diocesis ad quam dum pro tempore uacat presentacio persona 
ydonee ad dictos priorem pro tempore existentem et capitulum 
nostrum pertinere dinoscitur si eadem ecclesia de Kyrkyimere 
cum omnibus iuribus et pertinenciis suis mense capitulari 
ecclesie collegiate beate Marie et Sancti Michaelis alias 
Capelle Begie site infra palacium Opidi de Stirljmg Sancti- 
andree diocesis que per dictum regem nostrum illustrissimum 
de nouo fundata extitit perpetuo vniretur annectaretnr et 
incorporaretur decani et capituli dicte ecclesie de Sterlyng 
commoditatibus non parum consularet maxime ex eo quia 
prefatus Bex noster illustrissimus dictam ecclesiam de Kyrk- 
andris motiuo et occasione huiusmodi unionis fiende prefatis 
priori et capitulo nostro prauitate et dolo cessante ut pre- 
mittitur proinde concessit Quare pro parte prioris et capituli 
prefatorum nobis fuit humiliter supplicatum ut consensam 
nostrum dictis donacioni et concessioni per dictum Begem 
factis prebere et concedere ac ecclesiam perrochialem predictam 

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de Kyrkynner cum omnibus iuribus et pertinenciis suis ad 
dictam ecclesiam coUegiatam alias Capellam Begiam de Stirlyng 
et ad eius mensam capitularem perpetuo ut prefertur vnire 
annectere et incorporare aliasque in premissis oportune prouidere 
auctoritate nostra ordinaria benigniter dignaremur Nos igitur 
Georgius episc5opus antedictus huiusmodi supplicacionibus in ea 
parte inclinati necnon consideracione prefati illustrissimi domini 
nostri Eegis super hoc humiliter supplicantis volentes tamen in 
premissis nostris ordinem in omnibus obseruare dictos priorem 
et capitulum nostrum ac venerabilem uirum magistrum Jacobum 
Betoune rectorem prefate ecclesie de Kyrkynnere omnesque 
alios et singulos in premissis interesse habentes ad comparen- 
dum coram nobis certis die et hora sibi limitatis infra locum 
capitularem ecclesie nostre Candidecase predicte ad uidendum 
et audiendum nos ex nostra auctoritate ordinaria dictam ec- 
clesiam de Kyrkynnere cum omnibus iuribus et pertinenciis 
suis ad prefatam ecclesiam collegiatam de Stirlyng et eius 
mensam capitularem perpetuo unire annectere et incorporare 
uel ad allegandum causam racionabilem si quam habent quare 
huiusmodi vnio et incorporacio fieri non deberent cum intima*- 
cione debita ut moris est legittime citari fecimus Unde dicte 
citacionis termino adueniente nobis in loco capitulari dicte 
ecclesie nostre Candidecase pro tribunali sedentibus priore et 
capitulo nostro prefatis capitulariter ac venerabili uiro magistro 
Dauid Abyrcrumby subdecano ecclesie Dunkeldensis pro cura- 
tore et eo nomine dicti magistri Jacobi Betoune rectoris dicte 
ecclesie perrochialis de Kyrkynnere ad hoc ab eo specialiter 
constitute coram nobis uigore dicte citacionis in iudicio legit- 
time comparentibus et consensum nostrum ac vnionem annexi- 
onem et incorporacionem predictas cum instancia diligenter fieri 
petentibus Nos uero ut in premissis calumpniantibus uiam 
penitus excludamus cartam quandam domini nostri Begis 
predicti super prefata donacione ecclesie perrochialis de Kyrk- 
andris confectam et coram nobis in iudicio productam diligenter 
inspeximus ex cuius tenore de et super omnibus et singulis 
narratis premissis animum .nostrum summarie informauimus 
habitisque super huiusmodi narratis et petitis cum priore et 

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capitulo nostro predictis ad hoc capitulariter ut premittitar 
congregatis diligenti et soUenni tractatu et deliberadone pre- 
cedenciis in tdibus debitis et consuetis: Suadentes eciam 
eorumdem prions et capitnli perpetua utilitate euidenter in 
omnibus preuisa et undique considerata seruatis insuper cause 
cognicione iuris ordine mode et forma debitis ac singulis aliis 
in premissis necessariis et requisitis seruandis dictas donacionem 
et concessionem per dominum nostrum Begem illustrissimum 
de ecclesia perrochiali de Kyrkandris ut predicitur factas ad- 
mittimus recipimus et approbamus et eisdem nostrum con- 
sensum damns et concedimus ac ecclesiam predictam de Eyrkyn- 
nere que est de iure patronatus pfedictorum prions et capituli 
nostri cum omnibus iuribus et pertinenciis suis ad prefatam 
ecclesiam coUegiatam alias capellam regiam de Stirlyng et 
eius mensam capitularem de expresso et unanimi consensu et 
assensu prions et capituli nostri predictorum ac procuratoris et 
eo nomine ad hoc speciale mandatum habentis omnibus meliori- 
bus uia et iure quibus melius et efficacius poterimus auctoritate 
nostra ordinaria saluis iuribus episcopalibus perpetuo vniuimus 
anneximus et incorporauimus prout tenore presencium eadem 
auctoritate admittimus recipimus approbamus damns concedi- 
mus vnimus annectimus incorporamus applicamus et appro- 
priamus imperpetuum. Ita quod cedente uel decedente modemo 
ipsius perrochialis ecclesie unite rectore sen illam alias quomo- 
dolibet dimittente liceat eisdem decano et capitulo dicte ecclesie 
de Stirlynge per se uel alium sen alios corporalem perrochialis 
ecclesie de Kyrkynnyre predicte iuriumque et pertinenciarum 
predictorum eiusdem possessionem propria auctoritate libefe 
apprehendere et perpetuo retinere illiusque fructus redditus et 
prouentus in sues ac mense capitularis ecclesie de Stirlyng 
predictorum usus et utilitatem conuertere : Pariformiter eciam 
cedente uel decedente modemo ipsius perrochialis ecclesie de 
Kyrkandris rectore sen illam alias dimittente liceat dictis 
priori et capitulo nostro per se uel alium sen alios corporalem 
huiusmodi ecclesie de Kyrkandris juriumque et pertinenciarum 
predictorum eiusdem possessionem propria auctoritate libere 
apprehendere et perpetuo retinere illiusque fructus redditus et 

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prouentus in suos usus et utilitatem conuertere Nostra et suc- 
cessorum nostrorum ac cuiusuis alterius licencia super hijs 
minime requisita: Et quod dictus Eex noster illustrissimus 
fructus redditus et prouentus prefate ecclesie unite inter per- 
sonas ecclesie collegiate de Stirlyng pro earundem sustentacione 
iuxta suam prouidam ordinacionem eciam perpetuo duraturam 
faciendam in prebendas seu porciones unam ve plures diuidere 
ualeat et disponere ac cum reliquis prouentibus huiusmodi 
ecclesie de Stirlyng in prouisionibus et alijs predicti fructus 
uniti naturam penitus sorciantur eandem : Prouiso quod propter 
unionem annexionem incorporacionem donacionem et conces- 
sionem huiusmodi dicte ecclesie perrochiales de Kyrkynnyre et 
Kyrkandris debitis piopterea non fraudentur obsequijs et ani- 
marum cura in illis nuUatenus necligatur sed earum congrua 
supportentur onera consueta dictis autem vnione annexione et 
incorporacione per nos ut piemittitur factis prior et capitulum 
nostrum ac procurator predicti huiusmodi unionem annexionem 
incorporacionem applicacionem et appropriacionem admiserunt 
receperunt approbauerunt ratum gratum firmum atque stabile 
habuerunt perpetuo. Et ne de carta Begia predicta aliquibus 
dubitandi occasio forsitan tribuatur illius tenorem sub presentibus 
de verbo in uerbum integraliter inserere fecimus in hac forma : 

Jacobus Dei gkacia Bex Scotorum onmibus probis homini- 
bus tocius terre sue clericis et laicis salutem Sciatis quia nos 
considerantes et perpendentes quod venerabiUs in Christo pater 
et religiosi uiri nostri oratores Prior et conuentus modemi 
ecclesie cathedralis Candidecase gratuiti et beniuoli extiterunt 
et existunt in eorum unanimi consensu et assensu datis et 
exhibitis annexioni unioni et incorporacioni faciendis per Beu- 
erendum in Christo patrem eorumque ordinarium Georgium 
episcopum Candidecase ecclesie nostre collegiate nuncupate 
capeUe Begie situate infra castrum nostrum de Stirljnge de et 
super ecclesia de Kyrkynnyre tam rectoria quam uicaria Can- 
didecase diocesis cum omnibus et singulis decimis fructibus et 
prouentibus eiusdem cum pertinencus que ad dictorum prions 
et conuentus iuspatronatus spectabat: Nolentes igitur ipsos 
priorem et conuentum seu ecclesiam Candidecase predictam 

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inde grauari sea aliquod dampnum sustinere ymmopocius per 
DOS aliusmodi ad eoram euidentem vtilitatem et proficnum 
provideii dedimus ob id concessimas, admortizauimus et con- 
firmauimus et hac present! carta nostra danius concedimus 
admortizamus et pro nobis et successoribus nostris ad manum 
mortuam pro perpetuo confirmamus predicte ecclesie Candida- 
case ac Priori et conuentui eiusdem modemis eoromqne succes- 
soribus inibi Deo seruituris imperpetuum diuini cultus aug- 
mentum et pro specialibus oracionum suffragiis per ipsos pro 
nobis nostrisque successoribus celebrantibus, ecclesiam de 
K}rrkandris tarn rectoriam quam uicariam Candidecase diocesis 
predicte, cum omnibus et singulis decimis fructibus et prouenti- 
bus eiusdem cum pertinenciis ad nostrum iuspatronatus spec- 
tantibus et pertinentibus. Tenendam et habendam ac cum 
ipsis priore et conuentu et eorum successoribus in proprietate 
et in puram et perpetuam elimosinam ac ad manum mortuam 
imperpetuum remanendam libere quiete bene et in pace sine 
aliquo retenemento aut reuocacione quacumque faciendo eL 
Celebrando inde annuatim dicti prior et conuentus et eorum 
successores in predicta ecclesia pro perpetuo Deo seruituri pro 
nobis nostrisque predecessoribus et successoribus specialia 
oracionum suffragia deuotarum tantum ut premittitur: la 
cuius rei testimonium presenti carte nostre magnum sigillum 
nostrum apponi precipimus. Testibus reuerendissimo in 
Christo patre nostroque carissimo fratre Jacobo Sanctiandree 
Archiepiscopo duce Eossie etc. cancellario nostro, reuerendo 
in Christo patre Willelmo episcopo Abberdenensi nostri secret! 
sigilli custode dilectis consanguineis nostris Archibaldo Comite 
de Ergyle domino Campbell et Lome magistro hospicii nostri, 
Patricio comite de Bothuile domino Halys etc. Matheo comite 
de Lennax domino Demle Alexandro domino Hume magno 
camerario nostro Andrea domino Gray iusticiario nostro et 
dilecto clerico nostro magistro Gauino Dumbar decano Mor- 
auiensi nostrorum rotulorum et registri ac consilij clerico 
apud Edinburgh octauo die mensis Decembris anno Domini 
miUesimo quingentesimo tercio et regni nostri decimo sexto. 
Que omnia et singula et hunc processum nostrum atque 

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omnia et singula in eo contenta nobis omnibus et singulis 
supradictis communiter uel diuisim insinuamus et notificamus 
et ad uestram et cuiuslibet uestrum noticiam deducimus et 
deduci uolumus presencium per tenorem. In quorum omnium 
et singulorum fidem et testimonium premissorum presentes 
litteras sine presens publicum instrumentum processum nostrum 
huiusmodi in se continentes seu continens exinde fieri et per 
notarios publicos infrascriptos subscribi et publican sigilli nostri 
auctentici ac sigiUi dicti capituli nostri iussimus et fecimus 
appensione communiri ad perpetue firmitatis corroboracionem 
omnium et singulorum premissorunL Insuper autem nos 
GTeoigius episcopus et singulares persone capituli nostri predicti 
presentes litteras sine presens publicum instrumentum subscrip- 
simus et subscripserunt Acta fuerunt. hec in loco capitulari 
predicto quarto die mensis Januarij bora undecima ante meridiem 
uel ea circa anno incamacionis dominice millesimo quingen- 
tesimo tercio indiccione septima pdntificatus sanctissimi in 
Christo patris et domini nostri domini Juliani diuina proui- 
dencia pape secundi anno primo Presentibus ibidem venerabilibus 
uiris magistris Fergusio Makdowel officiali generali Candidecase 
Willelmo Magarwe uicario perpetuo ecclesie perrochialis de 
Penneghame dicte Candidecase diocesis dominis Johanne Mak- 
crekane Johanne Makneile presbyteris prouidis eciam uiris 
Patricio Wause de Berynberyth Duncano Murraw et Cutbberto 
Conynghaim laicis testibus ad premissa uocatis pariter et 

Nos Georgius episcopus Candidecase manu nostra subscrip- 
simus hunc processum et eundem approbamus et ratificamus, 

Nos Patricius prior dicte ecclesie Candidecase manu nostra 
propria subscripsimus. 

Ego Johannes canonicus et supprior dicte ecclesie manu mea 
propria subscripsL 

1^0 Willelmus canonicus dicte ecclesie manu propria sub- 
scripsL ' 

Ego Henricus Makkynnel canonicus dicte ecclesie manu 
propria subscripsL 

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kane no- 

Ego RoUandns Makdaonthan canonicns dicte eoclesie manu 
propria subscripsi 

Ego Andreas Meljgam canonicns dicte ecclesie manu propria 

Ego Nycholayns Walcar canonicns dicte ecclesie mann propria 

Ego Jacobns Conynghaim canonicns dicte ecclesie manu 
propria subscripsi. 

Ego Andreas Steuynson manu propria canonicns dicte ecclesie 

Ego Dauid Cartar canonicns dicte ecclesie manu propria sub- 

Ego Alexander Kynneir canonicns dicte ecclesie manu propria 

Ego Alexander Wans canonicns dicte ecclesie manu propria 

Ego Andreas Ferny canonicns dicte ecclesie manu mea propria 

Et ego Johannes Makcrekane presbiter Candidecase diocesis 
nicariusque perpetuus ecclesie perrochialis Insule eius- 
dem diocesis imperiali et regali auctoritatibus notarius 
publicus dictis peticioni supplicacioni citacionis decreto 
carte Regie productioni procuratoris comparicioni et sui 
mandati productioni prioris et capituli consensus pres- 
tacioni tractatui deliberacioni unioni annexioni incorpor- 
acioni reseruacioni recepcioni approbacioni ratihabicioni 
processus huiusmodi decreti interposicioni ceterisque pre- 
missis gestis et narratis dum ut premittitur dicerentur 
et fierent unacum notariis publieis subscriptis et testibus 
prenominatis presens interfui eaque sic dici et fieri nidi 
sciui et audiui ac in notam cepi Ex qua presentem 
processum manu propria scriptum meis nomine et sub- 
scripcione una cum corroboracione sigillorum et subscrip- 
cionum de quibus superius est facta mencio signaui in 
fidem et testimonium omniimi et singulomm premissorum 
rogatus specialiter et requisitus. 
Et ego Willelmus Makgarwe artium magister ac presbiter 

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Candidecase diocesis uicariusque perpetuus ecclesie per- 
rochialis de Pennyghaim publicus imperiali et regali 
auctoritatibus notarius dictis peticioni supplicacioni cita- 
cionis decreto carte regie productioni procuratoris com- 
paricioni et sui mandati productioni prioriset capituli 
consensus prestacioni tractatui deliberacioni unioni an- 
nexioni incorporacioni reseru£icioni recepcioni approba- 
cioni ratihabicioni processus huiusmodi decreti inter- 
posicioni ceterisque premissis gestis et narratis dum ut 
premittitur dicerentur et fierent unacum notariis supra- 
scripto et subscriptis ac testibus prenominatis presens 
interfui eaque sic dici et fieri vidi sciui et audiui ac in 
notam cepi. Ex qua presentem processum manu supra- 
scripti notarii scriptum meis nomine signo et subscripcione 
unacum corroboracion^ sigillorum et subscripcionum de 
quibus superius est facta mencio signaui in fidem et 
testimonium omnium et singulorum premissorum rogatus Makganra 
specialiter et requisitus. notarius. 

Et ego Johannes Makcrekane presbiter Candidecase diocesis 
publicus imperiali ac regali auctoritatibus notarius dictis 
peticioni supplicacioni citacionis decreto carte regie pro- 
ductioni procuratoris comparicioni et sui mandati pro- 
ductioni prions et capituli consensus prestacioni tractatui 
deliberacioni vnioni annexioni incorporacioni reseruacioni 
recepcioni approbacioni ratihabicioni processus huiusmodi 
decreti interposicioni ceterisque premissis gestis et nar- 
ratis dum ut premittitiir dicerentur et fierent unacum 
notariis subscriptis et testibus prenominatis presens 
interfui eaque sic dici et fieri uidi sciui et audiui ac in 
notam cepL Ex qua presentem processum manu supra-' 
scripti notarij primo subscribentis scriptum meis nomine 
signo et subscripcione una cum corroboracione sigillorum 
et subscripcionum de quibus superius est facta mencio Johannes 
signaui in fidem et testimonium omnium et singulorum Makcre- 

• 4. • Ti. ^ • •* kaneno. 

premissorum rogatus specialiter et requisitus. tarius. 

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6. Seounda applicacio siue^ vnio fructuum de Creif et 
quarumdem prebendarum de dunbar ac eccle8iarum de 
Ellam Bute et Balmaclellanb. 

Julius episcopus seruus seruorum Dei ad perpetuam rei 
memoriam iniunctum nobis desuper apostolice seruitutis ofiScium 
nos inducit ut uotis illis per que singularam ecclesiarum et 
personarum in illis diuinis officijs insistencium inde nnitatibns 
ac commoditatibus salubriter consulatur libenter animamus ac 
prout expedit nostri pastoralis officij partes fauorabiliter im- 
pendamus Dudum siquidem postquam felicis recordacionis 
Alexandre Papa sexto predecessori nostro pro parte carissimi 
in Christo filij nostri tunc sui Jacobi Scotorum Eegis illustris 
inter alia expositum fuerat quod licet in Capella Regia nuncupata 
beate Marie et Sancti Michaelis intra palacium ipsius Jacobi 
Eegis opidi de Steriyng Sanctiandree diocesis sita vnus decanus 
nuncupatus et plures alij cantores et cappellani ac clerici missas 
et alia diuina officia singulis diebus ad libitum ipsius Jacobi 
Eegis ammouibiles celebrarent ipseque Jacobus Eex predictam 
capellam suis sumptibus reformari fecisset ac libris calicibus et 
aliis ornamentis ecclesiasticis pro diuino cidtu in eadem capella 
necessarijs honorifice muniuisset et ornasset ac eciam nonnuUa 
bona immobilia ad eum legittime pertinencia eidem capelle pro 
illius dote assignauisset tamen si dicta capella in coUegiatam 
ecclcsiam et prepositura ecclesie beate Marie de Eupe Sanctian- 
dree que inibi dignitas principalis et de iure patronatus prefati 
Jacobi et pro tempore existentis Scotorum Eegis ex priuilegio 
apostolico existebat et ad eius meram collacionem ex simili 
priuilegio pertinebat eciam in decanatum eiusdem erigende 
ecclesie qui inibi dignitas eciam principalis existeret pro uno 
decano qui alijs eiusdem erigende ecclesie personis preesset et 
certam tunc expressam iurisdictionem in omnes personas dicte 
erigende ecclesie haberet et dum in eadem beate Marie in ilia 
prepositus dum uero in erigenda ecclesia resideret in ilia decanus 
foret et unus subdecanatus qui in eadem erigenda ecclesia 
dignitas secunda pro uno subdecano qui dicti decani certo modo 

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tunc expresso uices suppleret ac una sacrisiia que inibi officium 
seu administracio existeret pro uno sacrista qui curam iocalium 
dicte ecclesie haberet necnon sedecim canonicatus et totidem 
prebende pro sedecim canonicis in cantu et aliis sufficienter 
instructis ac sex pueii clerici similiter in cantu competenter 
instructi seu ut instruerentur apti et ydonei qui in eadem 
erigeuda ecclesia diuina officia diurna pariter et noctuma certo 
modo tunc expresso ad Dei laudem et pro ipsius Jacobi Begis 
eiusque antocessorum et successorum animanim salute decantare 
et celebiare et alias eidem erigende ecclesie in diuinis iuxta 
prouidam ipsius Jacobi Begis ordinacionem faciendam deseruire 
tenerentur. Et cum in ecclesia de Dunbar eiusdem diocesis 
illius canonici pro maiori parte non per se set prout in multis 
alijs collegiatis ecclesijs regni Scocie iuxta consuetudinem 
eatenus obseruatam per substitutes deseruirent si canonicatus 
^t prebende dicte ecclesie de Dunbar qui de iure patronatus 
ipsius regis existebant et alia beneficia ecclesiastica cum cura et 
sine cura iuris patronatus ipsius regis seu aliorum laicorum 
existencia quorum fructus redditus et prouentus ad ualorem 
duarum millium librarum monete Scocie quingentas libras 
Sterlingorum uel circa constituencium dumtaxat ascenderent 
annuatim et de quibus ipsi Jacobo Begi uideretur de eius et 
aliorum laicoioim patronorum respectiue consensu dicte erigende 
ecclesie reseruata ex fructibus curatorum beneficiorum pro 
uicariis perpetuis earumdem cougrua porcione ex qua se com- 
mode sustentare iura episcopalia persoluere et alia onera sibi 
racicxne euratomm beneficiorum huiusmodi inciimbencia sup- 
portare possent perpetuo vnirentur annecterentur et incor- 
porarentur. Ita quod eciam congrua porcio presbiteris ydoneis 
qui canonicatibus et prebendis et alijs vniendis sine cura bene- 
ficiorum huiusmodi quamdiu illis deseruirent percipienda as- 
eignaretur et residuum deductis huiusmodi porcionibus inter 
decanum subdecanum sacristan^ et canonicos predictos ac alias 
personas dicte erigende ecclesie certo modo tunc expresso dis- 
tribueretur. Ex hoc non solum in capella postquam in coUegi- 
atam ecclesiam ac in ea dignitates et canonicatus et prebende 
et alia officia huiusmodi erecta seu instituta et dicti sex pueri 

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et instituti forent sed eciam in de Dunbar ac alija ecclesijs 
et beneficiis nniendis predictis diuinus cultus augmentum 
susciperet et ipse Jacobus Rex eciam alia bona patrimonialia 
ualoris annui quingentarum libmrum uel circa monete Scocie 
pro preinissis assignaret ac pro parte dicti Jacobi Eegis eidem 
predecessori humiliter supplicate ut in premissis oportune 
prouidere de benignitate apostolica dignaretur et dictus pre- 
decessor eiusdem Jacobi Regis in ea parte supplicacionibus 
tunc inclinatus Sancte crucis et de Scona Sanctiandree diocesis 
monasteriorum abbatibus ac archidiacono Laudonie in ecclesia 
Sanctiandree eorum propriis nominibus non expressis suia 
litteris dederat in mandatis quatenus si erat ita eandem capellam 
postquam prefatus Jacobus Rex alia bona immobilia ualoris 
quingentarum librarum monete Scocie huiusmodi cum efifectu 
pro premissis assignasset in coll^atam ecclesiam cum com- 
muni archa sigillo capitulo et aliis insigniis coUegialibus et 
in ea dictam preposituram in decanatum dignitatem principalem 
pro tunc et pro tempore existente preposito dicte ecclesie beats 
Marie qui eciam decanus in eadem erigenda ecclesia existeret 
et vnum subdecanatum pro uno subdecano qui uices eiusdem 
decani eciam modo et forma tunc expressis suppleret ac sacris- 
tiam et sedecim canonicatus et prebendas et sex pueros clericos 
qui eciam certo modo tunc expresso diuina officia celebrarent 
et decantarent erigerent et instituerent ac dicte ecclesie erigende 
postquam erecta foret dicte de Dunbar et aliarum collegiatarum 
ecclesiarum predicte sen aliarum diocesium canonicatus et 
prebendas ac perrochiales ecclesias et alia beneficia ecclesiastica 
cum cura et sine cura iuris patronatus ipsius Regis seu aliorum 
laicorum ualoris annui duarum mOlium librarum monete pre- 
dicte de consensu Jacobi Regis et aliorum laicorum predictorum 
respectiue unirent annecterent et incorporarent ac congruam 
porcionem tam pro uicarijs curatorum beneficiorum quam pro 
presbiteris ydoneis qui canonicatibus et prebendis * ac aliis 
beneficiis sine cura vniendis deseruirent assignarent sub certis 
modo et forma eciam tunc expressis pro parte Jacobi Regis 
prefati ac dilectorum filiorum decani et capituli dicte erects 
ecclesie eidem predecessori eciam exposito quod tunc abbas 

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monasterij de Scona et Archidiaconus Laudonie huiusmodi ad 
execucionem earumdem litterarum alias illorum forma seruata 
procedentes quia ita esse reperierant dictam capellam postquam 
prefatns Jacobus Bex de suis bonis patrimonialibus certa bona 
immobilia tunc expressa ualoris annui quingentarum librarum 
monete Socie pro dote dicte erigende ecclesie et alias iuxta 
dictanim litterarum tenorem assignauerat in coUegiatam ec- 
clesiam et in ea dictam preposituram in decanatum dignitatem 
principalem subdecanatum sacristiam et sedecim canonicatus et 
totidem prebendas ac sex pueros clericos alias iuxta tenorem 
earumdem litterarum erexerant et instituerant ac inter alia de 
Balmaclellane et de Foresta ac de Buytt necnon de EUam Foresta. 
Glasguensis ac Sodorensis et dicte Sanctiandree diocesium per- 
rochiales ecclesias necnon Bectoriam et Archipresbiteratum et 
de Dunse ac de Beltoun et de Spott necnon de Pynkartoun 
nuncupates dicte ecclesie Dunbar canonicatus et prebendas qui 
iuris patronatus prefati Regis existebant de ipsius Jacobi Begis 
consensu eidem erecte ecclesie pro illius dote et ministris seu 
personis eius perpetuo unierant annexerant et incorporauerant 
ac quod fructus redditus et prouentus canonicatus et de Greyff 
nuncupate prebende ecclesie Dunkeldensis quinquaginta libras 
Sterlingorum ualebant annuatim et si reseruatis ex fructibus 
canonicatus et prebende de Greiff huiusmodi triginta marchis 
monete Scocie pro obtinente pro tempore eosdem canonicatum 
et prebendam de Creiff residuum fructuum eorumdem dicte 
erecte ecclesie perpetuo applicaretur et. appropriaretur profecto 
ex hoc canonicorum numerus in dicta ecclesia Dunkeldense non 
minueretur et eciam huiusmodi canonicatum et prebendam de 
Creyflf pro tempore obtinens ex residue fructuum qui ei re- 
manerent se commode sustentare posset, ac eciam decanus sub- 
decanus sacrista et cantor ac alie persone dicte erecte ecclesie 
aliquod subuencionis auxilium pro eorum commodiori susten- 
tacione reciperet dictus predecessor ipsorum Jacobi Begis ac 
decani et capituli in ea parte supplicacionibus tunc inclinatus 
dicte capelle in coUegiatam ecclesiam et in ea decanatus sub- 
decanatus sacriste sedecim canonicatuum et totidem prebenda- 
rum necnon sex puerorum predictorum erectionem et instituci- 

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onem ac eidem ecclesie pro eius ac decanatus subdecanatas 
sacristie canonicatuum et prebendarum huiusmodi dote et 
decani subdecani sacriste canonicorum et puerorum ac aliaram 
personarum dicte ecclesie sustentacione applicacionem bouorum 
et Bectorie et Archipresbiteratus nuncupatorum ac singulorum 
aliorum canonicatuum et prebendarum dicte ecclesie de Dunbar 
ac aUorum beneficiorum curatorum et non curatorum unionem 
annexionem et incorporacionem factas predictas et alia per 
dictos Abbatem de Scoua et Archidiaconum statuta ordinata 
facta et executa auctoritate apostolica per quasdem approbauit 
et confirmauit ac per alias suas litteras in dicta erecta ecclesia 
unam cantoriam que inibi dignitas ante sacristiam et similiter 
de iure patronatus ipsius Regis eciam pro tempore existentis 
existeret pro uno cantore qui similiter ex dictis sedecim canonicis 
esset et ad illam prefato decano per dictum Begem nominaretur 
et per eum institueretur eadem auctoritate apostolica sine alicuius 
preiudicio erexit et reseruatis pro canonico dictos canonicatum 
et prebendam de GreyfT obtinente triginta marchis eiusdem 
monete Scocie residues fructus redditus et prouentus dictorum 
canonicatus et prebende de Creyff, eidem erecte ecclesie seu 
illius mense capitulari eadem auctoritate perpetuo applicauit 
et appropriauit ac residues huiusmodi fructus ab eisdem canoni- 
catu et prebenda de Creyff perpetuo dimembrauit et separauit 
Ita que exceptis triginta marchis pro obtinente canonicatum et 
prebendam de Creiff huiusmodi reseruatis liceret decano ei 
capitulo prefatis cedente uel decedente canonicatum et pre- 
bendam de Creiflf huiusmodi obtinente residuum fructuum 
reddituum et prouentuum canonicatus et prebende de CreyS 
huiusmodi propria auctoritate libere apprehendere et in suos 
et ecclesie erecte huiusmodi usus et utilitatem conuertere 
diocesani loci et cuiusuis alterius licencia super hoc minime 
requisita certis desuper executoribus prout in singulis litteris 
predictis desuper respectiue confectis plenius continetur. Cum 
autem sicut exhibita nobis nuper pro parte Jacobi Eegis ac 
decani et capituli predictorum petitio continebat unio predicta 
quoad canonicatus et prebendas dicte ecclesie de Dunbar et 
quoad de Balmaclellane et de Foresta ac de Buytt necnon de 

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EUam ecclesias perrochiales ac eciam applicacio residuifructuum 
canonicatus et prebende de Greiff huiusmod; non dum eifectum 
sortite fuerint et pro eo quia reuocaciones unionum et incorpor- 
acionum efifectum non sortitarum tarn a pie memorie Pio Papa 
III. eciam predecessore nostro quam eciam postmodum a nobis 
ad snmmnm apostolicatus apicem assumptia emanauerint Et 
propterea decanus et capitulnm prefati dubitent eflfectu unionis 
annexionis et incorpoiacionis ac applicacionis et appropriacionis 
predictorum frustrari posse. Pro parte eorumdem Jacobi Begis 
ac decani et capitnli nobis fuit hnmiliter supplicatum ut in 
premissis oportune prouidere de benignitate apostolica dignare- 
miir. Nos qui dudum inter alia uolumus quod petentes beneficia 
ecclesiastica alijs uniri tenerentur expriraere uerum annuum 
ualorem secundum communem extimacionem tam beneficij imiti 
quam eius cui aliud uniri peteretur alioquin unio non ualeret 
et semper in unionibus commissio fieret ad partes uocatis quorum 
interesse decanum et capitulum prefatos ac ipsius capituli 
singulares personas a quibuscunque excommunicacionis sUs- 
pensionis et interdicti alijsque ecclesiasticis sentenciis censuris 
et penis a iure uel ab homine quauis occasione uel causalitatis 
si quibus quomodolibet innodati existunt ad efTectum presencium 
dumtaxat consequendum harum serie absoluentes et absolutes 
fore censentes ac fructuum reddituum et prouentuum mense 
capitularis necnon canonicatuum^ et prebendarum ecclesie de 
Dunbar ac de Balmaclellane et de Buytt necnon de Foresta et 
Ellam perrochialium ecclesiarum ac residui canonicatus et pre- 
bende de Creyff predictorum ueros ualores annuos presentibus 
pro expressis habentes huiusmodi supplicacionibus inclinati 
priores ^tteras predictas quoad unionem annexionem et incor- 
poracionem predictas quoad canonicatus et prebendas dicte 
ecclesie de Dunbar ac de Balmaclellane et Foresta necnon de 
Buytt et Ellam perrochiales ecclesias necnon applicacionem 
residui fructuum dictorum canonicatus et prebende de Creiff 
dicte erecte ecclesie ac desuper confectas litteras cum omnibus 
et singulis in eis contentis clausulis. Ipsosque decanum et 
capitulum quoad illarum consequendum effectum in pristinum 
et eum statum in quo antequam reuocaciones huiusmodi unionum 

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effectum non sortitarum ab eodem pio predecessore et a nobis 
emanarent quomodolibet existebant eadem auctoritate apostolica 
tenore presentium restituimus reponimus et plenarie reintegiamus 
ac pro pociori cautela ipsos canonicatus et prebendas dicte 
ecclesie de Dunbar ac easdem de Balmaclellane et de Foresta ac 
de Buytt necnon de Ellam perrochiales ecclesias alias sub modo 
et fonna in prioribus litteris contentis eidem erecte ecclesie 
auctoritate et tenore predictis de nouo perpetuo unimus annecti* 
mus et incorporamus ac residuum fructuum dictorum canonicatus 
et prebende de GreTff eidem eciam erecte ecclesie applicatum et 
appropriatum eciam perpetuo applicamus et appropriamus. 
Itaque cedentibus uel decedentibus dicte ecclesie de Dunbar 
canonicis et de Greiff unitos canonicatus et prebendas ac uni* 
tarum ecclesiarum rectoribus perrochiales ecclesias huiusmodi 
respectiue obtinentibus liceat eisdem decano et capitulo cor- 
poralem possessionem vnitorum canonicatuum et prebendarum 
ac perrochialium ecclesiarum et residuum fructuum applicati et 
appropriati huiusmodi alias iuxta tenorem litterarum predict 
tarum propria auctoritate libere apprehendere et perpetuo 
retinere ac iuxta tenorem litterarum earumdem in suos et 
erecte ecclesie huiusmodi usus et utilitatem conuertere non 
obstantibus uoluntate nostra predicta et alijs apostolicis 
constitucionibus ac Dunkeldensis et de Dunbar necnon erecte 
ecclesiarum predictarum iuramento confirmacione apostolica uel 
quauis firmitate alia roboratis statutis et consuetudinibus ac 
omnibus Ulis que dictus Alexander predecessor in prefatis 
litteris uoluit non obstare ceterisque contrarijs quibuscumque. 
Nulli ergo omnino hominum liceat banc paginam nostre absolu- 
cionis restitucionis reposicionis reintegracionis unionis an^exionis 
incoi^oracionis applicacionis et appropriacionis infringere uel ei 
ausu temerario contraira Si quis autem hoc attemptare pre- 
sumpserit indignacionem omnipotentis Dei ac beatorum Petri et 
Pauli apostolorum eius se nouerit incursurum* Datum Borne 
apud Sanctum Petrum anno incarnacionis dominice millesimo 
quingentesimo quarto Pridie nonas Junij Pontificatus nostri 
anno primo. 

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In DEI NOMINE Amen. Per hoc presens publicum instruinen- 
tum cunctis pateat euidenter Quod anno incamacionis dominice 
millesiino quingentesimo tercio mensis uero Decembiis die nona 
indictione septima Pontificatus Sanctissimi in Ghristo patris et 
domini nostri domini Julij diuina prouidencia Pape secundi 
anno primo in mei notarij publici et testium subscriptorum pre- 
sencia personaliter constitutus egregius uir Magister Jacobus 
Betoune Bector de Kyrkynnere Candidecase diocesis dixit et 
asseruit quod perrochialis ecclesia de Kyrkynnere ad presenta- 
cionem sine ius patronatus venerabilium et religiosorum nos- 
trorum prions et conuentus ecclesie Candidecase ac ad institu- 
cionem sine collacionem episcopi ordinarij eiusdem pro tempore 
existentis pertinere dinoscitur et pertinet Et cum Beuerendus in 
Christo pater et dominus dominus Georgeus miseracione diuina 
episcopus Candidecase modemus ex certis causis racionabilibus 
animum suum ad hoc moventibus dictam ecclesiam perrochialem 
de Kyrkynnere cum suis iuribus et uniuersis pertinenciis de 
consensu et assensu sui capituli uidelicet dictorum Prions et 
conuentus ecclesie collegiate beate Marie et Sancti Michaelis 
alias capelle regie situate infra castrum de Striuelyng Sancti- 
andree diocesis sub certis modo et forma pro perpetuo unire 
annectere et incorporare nuper intendit Ideoque idem magister 
Jacobus non vi aut metu ductus nee errore lapsus sed sua mera 
pura et spontanea uoluntate ut asseruit omnibus melioribus 
modo uia et forma quibus melius et efficacius potuit et debuit 
fecit constituit creauit nominauit et solenniter ordinauit ac 
tenore presentis publici instrumenti facit constituit creat nominal 
et solempniter ordinat venerabiles et circumspectos uiros magis- 
tros Dauid Abircrommye subdecanum ecclesie cathedraUs Dun- 
keldensis Fergusium Makdowel officialem Candidecase Jacobum 
Akynheide et Johannem Abercrommye et eorum quemlibet in 
solidum suos ueros legittimos et indubitatos procuratores actores 


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factores et negociorum suoruiu gestores ac nuncios speciales et 
generales Dans et ooncedens dictis suls procuratoribus et eorum 
cuilibet insolidum suam ueram liberam puraln et expressam potes- 
tatem ac mandatnm speciale et generale pro se et nomine suo 
citato uel non citato coram dicto reuerendo in Christo patre et 
domino qnibuacumqjae diebus etlocis comparendum ad uidendum 
et audiendum dictas annexionem unionem et incorporacionem 
prefate ecdesie perrochialis cum suis iuribus fructibusetpertinen- 
ciis per dictum reuerendum patrem de sua ordinaria potestate de 
consensu et assensu dictorum Prions et conuentus ecclesie col- 
legiate alias capelle regie de Striuelyng fieri et compleri ac eciam 
ad dandum et prestandum ex certa sciencia pro se et nomine 
suo suum liberum et purum consensum et assensum eciam in 
suum preiudicium dictis annectioni vnioni et incorporacioni et 
ipsas annectionem unionem et incorporacionem approbandum 
recipiendum et ratificandum £t postquam huiusmodi unio annec- 
tacio et incorporaeio ut predicitur iure ordinario facta fuerit ad 
dictam perrochialem ecclesiam de Eyrkynner ac omne ius et 
iuris titulum quod habet in eadem aut habere poterit in futurum 
tam in petitorio quam in possessorio in presencia dicti reuerendi 
patris aut extra suam presenciam seu coram notario et testibus 
prout melius videbitur expedire simpliciter dimittendum et 
renunciandum necnon ad iurandum in animam dicti domini 
oonstituentis quod in dictis suis consensu et assensu approba- 
cione ratificaoione recepcione dimissione seu renunciacione non 
interuenit neque interueniet fraus dolus decepcio Symoniaca 
labes seu queuis alia pactio illicita Processus litteras instnunen- 
turn seu instrumenta desuper petendum levandum et optinendum. 
£t generaliter omnia alia et singula faciendum gerendum et 
exercendum que in premissis et circa ea necessaria fuerint seu 
oportuna et que ipsemet dominus constituens faceret seu facere 
posset si in premissis omnibus et singulis presens personaliter 
interesset Promisit insuper idem dominus constituens michi 
notario publico subscripto stipulanti et recipienti uice et nomine 
omnium et singulorum .quorum interest intererit aut interesse 
poterit se ratum gratum firmum atque stabile habendum et 
habiturum totum id et quicquid dicti sui procuratores plures 

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aut unus in premissis seu premissorum aliquo duxermt sen dux- 
erit faciendum sub ypotheca et obligacione omnium bonorum suo- 
rum presencium et futurorum. Super quibus omnibus et singulis 
prefatus dominus constituens a me notario publico subscripto sibi 
fieri petiit hoc presens publicum instrumentum seu publica instru- 
menta Acta erant hec in ecclesia beati Egidij de Edinburgh hora 
undecima ante meridiem aut eo circa sub anno die mense indie- 
tione et pontificatu quibus supra Presentibus ibidem prouidis uiris 
Roberto Wardlaw Johanne Maxwall et Jacobo Leimonthe cum 
diuersis alijs testibus ad premissa uocatis pariter et rogatis. 

Et ego Georgeus Newtoune presbiter Glasguensis dio- 
cesis publicus auctoritatibus imperiedi et regali nota- 
rius quia dictorum procuratorum constitucioni nomi- 
nacioni potestatis dacioni et ratihabicioni* ceterisque pre- 
missis omnibus et singulis dum sic ut premittitur 
dicerentur agerentur et fierent una cum prenominatis 
testibus presens interfui eaque omnia et singula sic fieri 
et dici vidi et audiui ac in notam recepi Ideoque hoc 
presens publicum instrumentum manu aliena scriptum 
exinde confeci et in banc publicam fonnam redegi signo- 
que et nomine meis solitis et consuetis signaui rogatus 
et requisitus in fidem et testimoldum premissorum. N^Sun 

7. Instrumentum publicum super Eesignacione 
DB Kyrkynner. 

In DEI NOMINE Amen. Per hoc presens publicum instrumentum 
cunctis pateat euidenter quod anno incamacionis dominice 
millesimo quingentesimo tercio mensis uero Januarij die duode- 
cima pontificatus Sanctissimi in Christo patris et domini nostri 
domini Julij diuina prouidencia Pape secundi anno primo in 
mei notarij publici et testium subscriptorum presencia per- 
sonaliter constitutus venerabilis vir magister David Abircrummy 
snbdecanus ecclesie Dunkeldensi^ procurator et eo nomine ad 
infrascripta eciam venerabilis uiri magistri Jacobi Betoune 
Rectoris ecclesie perrochialis de K3rrkynnere Candidecase 

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diocesis tenens manualiter quoddam instrumentum publicum 
manu discreti uiri Georgei Newtoune presbitri ac notarij publici 
Glasguensis diocesis super dicto mandato procuiatorio confectum 
et subscriptum Idem dominus procurator et eo nomine dixit et 
asseruit quod reuerendus in Christo pater et dominus dominus 
Georgeus episcopus ecclesie Candidecase de consensu et assensu 
capituli sui scilicet prioris et conuentus eiusdem ecclesie Candide- 
case ac prefati magistri Jacobi Betoune dictam ecclesiam perro- 
chialem de Kyrkynner cum suis iuribus et vniuersis pertinen- 
ciis ad dictam ecclesiam coUegiatam beate Marie et Sancti 
Michaelis alias Gapelle Eegie situate infra castrum de Striuelyng 
Sanctiandree diocesis ex causis racionabilibus animum suum ad 
hoc mouentibus sub certis modo et forma iure ordinario uniuit 
et perpetuo incorporauit prout in processibus et euidenciis 
desuper confectis ad plenum continetur Ideoque idem dominus 
procurator procuratorio nomine prefati magistri Jacobi Betoune 
uigore dicti instrumenti publici sufficientem potestatem habens 
prout michi notario publico luculenter constabat omnibus 
melioribus via iure et modo quibus potuit dictam ecclesiam 
perrochialem de Kyrkynner coram me notario publico et testi- 
bus subscriptis pure et simpliciter dimisit ac omni iuri et iuris 
titulo tarn in possessorio quam petitorio per eundem magistrum 
Jacobum Betoun in huiusmodi ecclesia de Kyrkynnere habitis 
in manu eciam mei notarij publici uoluntarie renunciauit Super 
quibus omnibus et singulis prefatis magister Dauid Abir- 
crummye a me notario publico subscripto sibi fieri petiit vnum 
aut plura publicum sen pubUca instrumentum aut instruments 
Acta erant hec in hospicio Alexandri Leuingstoune infra Burgum 
de Striueljrng bora prima post meridiem aut eacirca sub anno 
die mense indictione et pontificatu quibus supra. Presentibus 
ibidem prouidis viris Alexandre Leuyngstoune Jacobo Wat«one 
Dauid Braide Johanne Abircrummye et dominis Jacobo 
Fransche Johanne Gourlay capellanis cum diuersis alijs testi- 
bus ad premissa uocatis speciaUter atque rogatis. 

Et Ego Thomas Kyrkaldy presbiter Sancti andree diocesis 
sacra autoritate apostolica notarius dictum mandatum 
procuratorium vidi tenui et diligenter consideraui ac 

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prefati procuratoris assercioni dimissioni renunciacioni 
ceterisque omnibus et singulis dum sic ut premittitur 
agerentur dicerentiir et fierent una cum prenominatis 
testibus presens interfui eaque omnia et singula sic fieri 
vidi sciui et audiui ac in notam recepi Indeque presens 
publicum instrumentum manu mea propria scriptum in 
banc publicam formam redegi signoque ac nomine meis 
solitis et consuetis signaui Sogatus et requisitus in fidem 
ac testimonium omnium et singulorum preinissorum. Thomaa 

8. CoMMissio AD Erigendum thesaurariam et decem 


Jm.njs EPiscopus seruus seruorum Dei dilectis filiis do 
Dunfermlyne et de Scona ac de Cambuskynneth Sanctiandree 
diocesis monasteriorum abbatibus salutem et apostolicam bene- 
dictionem Admonet nos suscepti cura regiminis ut uotis singu- 
lorum Christi fidelium presertim catholicorum regum per que 
diuinus cultus et ministrorum numerus in ecclesiis quibuslibet 
augmentum suscipiant libenter annuamus ac ea fauoribus prose- 
quamur oportunus exhibita siquidem nobis nuper pro parte 
carissimi in Ghristo filij nostri Jacobi Scotorum regis illustris 
ac dilectorum filiorum decani et capituli ecclesie beate Marie 
et Sancti Michaelis opidi de Stirlyng Sanctiandree diocesis 
peticio continebat quod cum alias auctoritate quarumdem 
litterarum felicis recordacionis Alexandri Pape VI. predecessoris 
nostri dicta ecclesia time capella regia nuncupata in collegiatam 
ecclesiam et prepositura ecclesie beate Marie de rupe Sancti- 
andree que inibi dignitas principalis et de iure patronatus 
prefati Jacobi et pro tempore existentis Scotorum Regis ex pri- 
uilegio apostolico existebat et ad eius meram collacionem ex 
simili priuilegio pertinebat eciam in decanatum eiusdem erecte 
ecclesie qui inibi dignitas eciam principalis existeret pro vno 
decano qui alijs eiusdem erigende ecclesie personis preesset et 
dum in eadem beate Marie in ilia prepositus dum uero in erecta 
ecclesia resideret in ilia decanus existat et vnus subdeccmus qui 

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inibi dignitas secunda pro uno subdecano qui dicti decani certo 
Cantoria. modo tunc expresso uices suppleret ac vna cantoria que inibi 
tercia dignitas ac vna sacristia que inibi ofiScium seu adminis- 
tracio existant pro vno sacrista qui curam iocalium dicte 
nota de sa- ecclesie habeat necnon sedecim canonicatus et totidem pre- 
depueria. bende pro sedecim canonicis in cantu et alijs sufi&cienter 
instructis ac sex pueri clerici similiter in cantu competenter 
instructi seu ut instruerentur apti et ydonei qui in eadem eri- 
genda ecclesia diuina ofScia diuma pariter et noctuma certo 
modo tunc expresso ad Dei laudem et pro ipsius Jacobi Eegis 
eiusque antecessorum et successorum animarum salute decantare 
et celebrare et alias eidem ecclesie in diuinis iuxta prouidam 
ipsius Jacobi regis ordinacionem desuper apostolica auctoritate 
factam deseruire tenentur erecti et instituti fuerint et certi 
redditus annui certorum beneficiorum ecclesiasticorum ac alia 
beneficia ecclesiastica cum cura iuris patronatus ipsius r^is seu 
aliorum laicorum quorum fructus redditus et prouentus ad 
duomilia valorem duarum miUium librarum monete Scocie quingentaa 
libras sterlingorum uel circa constituentium dumtaxat ascendunt 
annuatim de consensu dicti Jacobi Begis eidem erecte ecclesie 
pro iUius dote ac decani subdecani cantoris sacristecanonicorum 
et puerorum predictorum sustentacione sub certis modo et 
forma vnita annexa et incorporata ac applicati et appropriati 
fuerint et ipse Jacobus Rex eciam alia bona patrimoniaUa 
valoris annui quingentarum librarum uel circa monete Scocie 
pro premissis assignauerit ac ius patronatus et presentacio 
decano dicte erecte ecclesie pro tempore existenti de personis 
ydoneis ad subdecanatum cantoriam sacristiam canonicatus et 
prebendas predictas tam ea nice a primeua eorum erectione 
quam quociens uacarent per dictum decanum instituendas eidem 
Jacobo et pro tempore existenti Eegi Scotorum litterarum pre- 
dictarum uigore reseruatum et concessum fuerit et postmodum 
perrochialis ecclesia de Kyrkynner Gandidecase diocesis que ad 
presentacionem dilectorum filiorum Prioris et capituli ecclesie 
Candidecase Premonstratensis ordinis pertinebat de consensu 
prioris et capituU ecclesie Candidecase predictorum eidem erecte 
ecclesie ordinaria auctoritate perpetuo vnita annexa et incor- 

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porata ac huiusmodi vnio effectum sortita fuerint et prefatus 
Jacobus Jlex in recompensam dicte perrochialis ecclesie de 
Kyrkynner perrochialem ecclesiam de Kyrkandris dicte Candide- 
case diocesis que iuris patronatus ipsius regis existebat et que 
prius dicte ecclesie collegiate unita fuerat licet huiusmodi vnio 
ex certis causis effectum sortita non fuit prefatis priori et 
capitulo ecclesie Candidecase in perpetuam elimosinam conces- 
serit et huiusmodi concessio dicta ordinaria auctoritate appio* 
bata et confinnata fuerit £t si in dicta erecta ecclesia vna 
thesauraria que inibi dignitas postdictam cantoriam existeret thesan- 
pro uno Thesaurario et decern cdij seu pauciores canonicatus et ""^ 
totidem prebende pro totidem canonicis qui vnacum decanonota. 
cantore sacrista et alijs canonicis prefatis iuxta modum et 
formam in prioribus litteris traditas et contentas in eadem 
erecta ecclesia in diuinis deseruire tenerentur. Et ipse thesau- tbesanrari- 
rarius pro prebenda sua qualem cantor seu aliam porcionem per ^rtionem* 
decanum et capitulum prefatos de consensu regis prefati statu- qualem 
endam sen ordinandam et similiter alij decem seu pauciores 
canonici institnendi equales prebendas seu porciones quales alij 
sedecim canonici percipiunt seu per decanum et capitulum pre- 
fatos de consensu ipsius regis statuendam perciperent profecta 
ex hoc in ipsa erecta ecclesia dignitatum et canonicorum ac 
ministrorum numerus augeretur ad ipsius erecte ecclesie decorem 
et diuini cultus augmentum ac eciam fructus dicte ecclesie de 
Kyrkynnere unacum aliis bonis per dictum regem assignatis et 
alijs fructibus predictis eidem ecclesie applicatis sufficerent ut 
Thesaurarius et alij decem seu pauciores canonici predicti 
equalem porcionem cum cantore et aliis canonicis predictis 
respectiue seu aliam congruentem porcionem per regem et 
capitulum prefatos prouide statuendam et ordinandam percipere 
posent Quare pro parte Jacobi regis ac decani et capituli 
predictorum nobis fuit humiliter supplicatum ut in dicta erecta 
ecclesia vnam thesaurariam que inibi quarta dignitas existat pro 
uno thesaurario et alios decem seu pauciores prout Jacobus 
rex ac decanus et capitulum prefati expedire cognouerint canoni- 
catus et totidem prebendas qui et dicta thesauraria similiter de 
jure patronatus Jacobi prefati et pro tempore existentis Scotorum 

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regis existant erigere et instituere ac alias in premissis oportune 
prouidere de benignitate apostolica dignaremur Nos igitur qui 
ecclesiarum quarumlibet decorem sinceris desideramus affecti- 
bus de premissis certain noticiam non habentes ac decanum et 
capitulum prefatos ipsiusque capituli singulares personas a 
quibuscumque excommunicacionis suspensionis et interdicti 
alijsque ecclesiasticis sentenciis censuris et penis a iure vel ab 
homine quanis occasione uel causa latis si quibus quomodolibet 
innodati existunt ad effectnm presentium dumtaxat cons^quen- 
dum harum serie absoluentes et absolutes fore censentes 
huiusmodi supplicacionibus inclinati discrecioui vestre per 
apostolica scripta mandamus quatenus si est ita in dicta erecta 
vnam thesaurariam que inibi quarta dignitas existat pro uno 
thesaurario et alios decern seu pauciores prout Jacobus Eex et 
decanus et capitulum prefati expedire cognouerint canonicatus 
et totidem prebendas qui et dicta thesauraria tam hac vice pri- 
meua ab eorum erectione quam quociens uacabunt similiter de 
iure patronatus Jacobi prefati et pro tempore existentis regis 
Scotorum existant pro totidem canonicis qui thesaurarius et 
canonici equalem quoad thesaurariam qualem cantor et decern 
canonici aliorum decem canonicatuum et prebendarum erigen- 
dorum huiusmodi quales alij sedecim canonici predicti perci- 
piunt aut alias congruentes per eosdem decanum et capitulum 
de consensu prefati Jacobi regis statuendas et ordinandas seu 
limitandas prebendas seu porciones ex fructibus redditibus 
et prouentibus mense capitularis dicte erecte ecclesie seu illi 
vnitorum beneficiorum percipiant ac eciam eisdem prerogatiuis 
immunitatibus exempcionibus et priuilegiis vtantur pociantur et 
gaudeant quibus alij dignitates ac canonicatus et prebendas m 
eadem erecta ecclesia obtinentes vtantur pociimtur et gaudent 
ac vti potiri et gaudere poterunt quomodolibet in futurum 
erigere instituere sine alicuius preiudicio auctoritate nostra 
curetis non obstantibus constitucionibus et ordinacionibus 
apostolicis ac dicte erecte ecclesie iuramento confirmacioDe 
apostolica uel quauis firmitate alia roboratis statutis et consue- 
tudinibus ceterisque contr^riis quibuscumque Datum Rome 
Apud Sanctum Petrum anno incamacionis dominice millesimo 

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quingentesimo quarto pridie nonas Junij Pontificatus nostri 
anno primo. 

9. CONFIRMACIO Vnionis ecclbsie de Kirkynner. 

Julius episcopus seruus seruorum Dei Ad perpetuam rei 
memoriam exposcit iniunctum nobis desuper apostolice seruitutis 
officiijm ut eaque pro ecclesiarum quarumlibet presertim colle- 
giatarum insigninm et personarum in illis diuinis officiis Domino 
psallentiuin commoditatibus et utUitate facta foisse dicuntur 
ut in sua ualiditate persistant cum a nobis petitur apostolico 
munimine roboremus exhibita siquidem nobis nuper pro parte 
carissimi in Christo filii nostri Jacobi Scotorum Begis illustris 
ac dilectorum filiorum decani et capituli ecdesie beate Marie 
et Sancte Michaelis opidi de Sterlyng Sanctiandree diocesis 
peticio continebat quod cum ipse Jacobus perrochialem ecclesiam 
de Eyrkandris Candidecase diocesis que de jure patronatus 
ipsius Jacobi Begis existebat et alias dicte ecclesie de Stirlyng 
vnita fuerat licet ipsa unio efifectum sortita non fuerit delectis 
filiis priori et capitulo candide case ecclesie premonstratensis 
ordinis in perpetuam elimosinam concessisset et proprietatem 
ac huiusmodi concessio ordinaria auctoritate confirmata fuisset 
venerabilis frater noster Georgeus episcopus Candidecase perro- 
chialem ecclesiam de Kyrkynner dicte Candidecase diocesis que 
dum pro tempore uacabat presentacionem prioris capitulique 
predictorum pertinebat de eorumdem Prioris et capituli ac dilecti 
filij Jacobi Betone tunc dicte ecclesie de Kyrkynner rectoris 
consensu dicte ecclesie de Sterlyng seu eius mense capitulari 
perpetuo uniuit annexuit et incorporauit Ita quod dicto Jacobo 
Betone cedente uel decedente seu alias dictam ecclesiam de 
Kyrkynner quomodolibet dimittente liceret eisdem decano et 
capitulo prefate ecclesie de Sterlyng per se uel alium seu alios 
corporalem possessionem dicte ecclesie de Kyrkynner propria 
auctoritate libere apprehendere et retinere. £t cum postmodum 
ipse Jacobus Betoun ad efifectum unionis huiusmodi dictam 
ecclesiam de Kyrkynner sponte et libere extra romanam curiam 

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dimississet ipsi decanus et capitulum possessionem dicte ecclesie 
de Kyrkynner assecuti fuerint. Quare pro parte eorumdem 
Jacobi Regis ac decani et capituli dicte ecclesie de Stirlyng 
asserentium fructus redditus et prouentus dicte ecclesie de 
Kyrkynnere octuaginta librarum Sterlingorum secundum com- 
munem extim&cionem ualorem annuum non excedere nobis fuit 
humiliter supplicatum vt vnioni annexioni et incorporacioni 
predictis pro illarum subsistencia firmiori robore apostolice 
confirmadonis adicere aliasque in premissis oportune prouidere 
de benignitate apostolica dignaremur. Nos igitur qui dudum 
inter alia volumus quod petentes beneficia ecclesiastica aUjs 
uniri tenerentur exprimere uerum annuum ualorem secundum 
extimacionem predictam eciam beneficij cui aliud uniri peteretur 
alioquin unio non ualeret et semper in vnionibus commissio 
fieret ad partes uocatis quorum interesset et idem obseruaretor 
in confbrmacionibus unionum iam factarum decanum et capitulum 
ecclesie de Sterlyng huiusmodi ipsiusque capituli singulares 
personas a quibuscumque excommunicaciouis suspensionis et 
interdicti aliisque ecclesiasticis sentenciis censuris et penis a 
iure uel ab homine quauis occasione uel causa latis si quibns 
quomodolibet innodati existunt ad effectum presentium dum- 
taxat consequendum harum serie absoluentes et absolutos fore 
censentes necnon fructuum reddituum et prouentuum mense 
capitularis dicte ecclesie de Sterlyng uerum annuum ualorem 
presentibus pro expresso habentes huiusmodi supplicacionibus 
inclinati unionem annexionem et incorporacionem ecclesie de 
Kyrkynner huiusmodi auctoritate apostolica tenore presentium 
approbamus et confirmamus supplemusque omnes et singulos 
defectus si qui forsan interuenerint in eisdem. £t nichilominos 
pro pociori cautela eandem ecclesiam de Kyrkynnere sine ut 
premittitur sine alias quouismodo aut ex alterius cuiuscumque 
persona sen per liberam resignacionem dicti Jacobi Betoun uel 
cuiusuis alterius de ilia extra dictam curiam eciam coram notario 
publico et testibus sponte factam aut constitucionem felicis 
recordacionis Johannis Pape XXII. eciam predecessoris nostri que 
incipit — ExecrabUis — uel assecucionem alterius beneficii eccle- 
siastici dicta ordinaria auctoritate collati uacet eciam si tanto 

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tempore uaeauerit quod eius collacio iuxta Lateranensis statuta 
concilii ad sedem apostolicam legittime deuolnta ipsaque ecclesia 
de Kjrrkynner disposicioni apostolice specialiter reseruata existat 
et super ea inter aliquos lis cuius statum presentibus haberi 
uolumus pro expresso pendeat indecisa dummodo tempore datum 
presencium non sit in ea alicui specialiter ius quesitum cum 
omnibus iuribus et pertinenciis suis eidem ecclesie de Stirlyjig 
. de nouo perpetuo unimus annectimus et incorporamus. Ita quod 
liceat eisdem decano et capitulo eiusdem ecclesie de Stirlyng 
per se uel alium seu alios corporalem possessionem ecclesie de 
Kyrkynnere iuriumque et pertinenciarum predictorum libere 
continuare seu de nouo propria auctoritate apprehendere et 
perpetuo retinere ac illius fructus redditus et prouentus in sues 
ac de Sterlyng necnon de Kyrkynnere ecclesiarum usus et 
utilitatem conuertere diocesam loci et cuiusuis alterius licencia 
super hoc minime requisita non obstantibus uoluntate nostra 
predicta ac pie memorie Bonifacii Pape VIII. similiter prede- 
cessoris nostri et alijs apostolicis constitucionibus necnon ecclesie 
Candidecase et ordinis predictorum iuramento confirmacione 
apostolica uel quauis firmitate alia roboratis statutis et con- 
suetudinibus acpriuilegiis et indultis eidem ordini sub quibus- 
cumque tenoribus concessis quibus iUorum tenores pro sufficienter 
expiessis habentes hac nice dumtaxat specialiter et expresse 
derogamus contrariis quibuscumque Aut si aliqui super proui- 
sionibus sibi faciendis de huiusmodi uel aliis beneficus eccle- 
siasticis in illis partibus speciales uel generales dicte sedis uel 
legatorum eius litteras impetrauerint eciam si per eas ad inhi- 
bicionem reseniacionem et decretum uel alias quomodolibet sit 
processum quas quidem litteras et processus habitos per easdem 
et inde secuta quecumque ad dictam ecclesiara de Kyrkynner 
aolumus non extendi sed nullum per hoc eis quoad assecucionem 
beneficiorum aliorum preiudicium generari Qt quibuslibet alijs 
indulgenciis et litteris apostolicis generalibus uel specialibus quo- 
rumcumque tenorum existant per que presentibus non expressa 
uel totaUter non inserta eflPectus earum impediri ualeat quomodo- 
libet uel differri de quibus quorumque totis tenoribus de uerbo 
ad uerbum habenda sit in nostris litteris mencio specialis 

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Prouiso quod dicta ecclesia de Kyrkymiere debitis propterea 
non fraudetur obsequiis et animarum cura in ea nullatenos 
necligatur sed eius congrue supportentur onera consueta. Nos 
enim exnunc irritum decernimus et inane si secus super hijs a 
quo quam quauis auetoritate scienter uel ignoranter contigerit 
attemptari Nulli ergo omnino hominum liceat hanc paginam 
nostre absolucionis approbacionis confirmacionis supplecionis 
vnionis annexionis incorporacionis voluntatis derogacionis et 
constitucionis infringere uel ei ausu temerario contraire Si quis 
autem hoc attemptare presumpserit indignacionem omnipotentiB 
Dei ac beatorum Petri et Pauli apostolorum eius se nouerit 
incursurum Datum Rome apud Sanctum Petrum anno incama- 
cionis Dominice millesimo quingentesimo quarto pridie nonas 
Junii pontificatus nostri anno primo. 

10. Applicacio prima frtjctuum de Aire Kincardin Creif 
ET Petty Brachlee. 

Alexander episcopus seruus seruorum Dei ad perpetuam rei 
memoriam ad ea ex iniuncto nobis desuper apostolice seruitutis 
officio libenter intendimus per que dignitatibus personisque 
ecclesiasticis de oportune prouisionis auxilio ualeat salubiiter 
prouideri Dudum siquidem pro parte nobis carissimi in Christo 
filij nostri Jacobi Scotorum Regis illustris exposito quod licet 
in capella regia nuncupata beate Marie et Sancti Michaelis intra 
palacium ipsius Jacobi regis opidi de Stirlyng Sanctiandree 
diocesis sita vnus decanus nuncupatus et plures alij cantores et 
capellani ac clerici missas et alia diuina officia singulis diebus 
ad libitum ipsius Jacobi Regis ammouibiles celebrarent Ipseque 
rex predictam capellam suis sumptibus reformari fecisset ac 
ornamentis ecclesiasticis pro diuino cultu in eadem necessarus 
honorifice ornasset et nonnulla bona immobilia pro dote dicte 
capelle assignasset tamen si dicta capella in coUegiatam ecclesiam 
et prepositura ecclesie beate Marie de Rupe Sanctiandree que 
inibi dignitas principalis et de iure patronatus prefati Jacobi et 
pro tempore existentis Scotorum Regis ex priuilegio apostolico 

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existebat et ad eius meTam collacionem ex simili priuilegio 
pertinebat eciam in decanatum eiusdem erigende ecclesie qui 
inibi dignitas eciam principalis existeret pro uno decano qui 
alijs eiusdem erigende ecclesie personis preesset et certam tunc 
expressam iurisdictionem in omnes personas dicte erigende 
ecclesie haberet et dum in eadem beate Marie in ilia prepositus 
dum uero in erigenda ecclesia resideret in ilia decanus foret et 
vnus subdecanatus qui in eadem erigend^t ecclesia dignitas 
secunda pro uno subdecano qui dicti decani certo modo tunc 
expresso uices suppleret ac vna sacristia que inibi officium seu 
administracio existerent pro uno sacrista qui curam iocalium 
dicte ecclesie haberet necnon sedecim canonicatus et totidem 
prebende pro sedecim canonicis in cantu et aliis sufficienter 
instructis ac sex pueri clerici similiter in cantu competenter 
instructi seu ut instruerentur apti et ydonei qui in eadem eri- 
genda ecclesia diuina officia diuma pariter et noctuma certo 
modo tunc expresso ad Dei laudem et pro ipsius Jacobi regis 
eiusque antecessorum et successorum animarum salute deccmtare 
et celebrare et alias eidem erigende ecclesie in diuinis iuxta 
prouidam ipsius regis ordinacionem faciendam deseruire tene- 
rentur erigerentur et instituerentur et cum in prioratu de Eos- Prioratns 
tinot ordinis sancti Augustini dicte diocesis duo canonici residere n®|f °"'^" 
consueuissent quamuis illius fructus centum uiginti libras ster- 
lingorum secundum communem exstimacionem ualerent annu- 
atim et sufficientes essent ad sustentacionem sex et eciam 
plurium canonicorum dicti ordinis ac in ecclesia de Dunbar 
eiusdem diocesis canonici pro maiori parte non per se sed prout 
in multis aliis collegiatis ecclesiis regni Scocie iuxta consue- 
tudinem eatenus obseruatam per substitutes deseruirent si re- 
seruata congrua porcione ex fructibus dicti prioratus pro sex 
canonicis dicti ordinis quorum prior dicti prioratus pro tempore 
existens unus existeret residuum fructuum dicti prioratus de- 
canatui et aliis inibi erigendis Subdecanatui et Sacristie ac 
canonicatibus et prebendis pro decano subdecano sacrista can- 
onicis et alijs personis dicte erigende ecclesie iuxta ordinacionem 
prefati Jacobi Segis perpetuo applicaretur ac canonicus et pre- 
bende dicte ecclesie de Dunbar qui de iure patronatus ipsius 

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llegis existebant et alia beneficia ecclesiastica cum cura et siiie 
cura in ciuitate uel dicta diocesi Sanctiandree seu alias ubilibet 
consistencia et de iure patronatus ipsius regis sea alionmi 
laicorum existencia quorum fructus redditus et prouentus ad 
ualorem duarum millium libramm mouete Scocie quingentas 
libras Sterlingorum uel circa constituencium dumtaxat ascen- 
derent annuatim et de quibus ipsi Jticobi Regi uideretur de 
eius et aliorum laicorum patron orum respectiue consensu dicte 
Keseruata erigende ecclesie reseruata ex fructibus curatorum beneficiorum 
vicariis**^^ pro uicariis perpetuis eorumdem congrua porcione ex qua se 
perpetuis. commode sustentare iura episcopalia persoluere et alia onera 
sibi racione beneficiorum curatorum huiusmodi incumbencia 
supportare possent perpetuo vnirentur annecterentur et incor- 
porarentur ita quod eciam congrua porcio presbiteris ydoneis qui 
canonicatibus et prebendis et aliis uniendis sine cura beneficiis 
in diuinis deseruirent ex fructibus redditibus et prouentibus 
canonicatuum et prebendarum et sine cura beneficiorum huius- 
modi quamdiu illis deseruirent percipienda assignaretur et resi- 
duum deductis huiusmodi porcionibus inter decanum subdecanum 
sacristam et canonicos predictos ac alias personas dicte erigende 
ecclesie certo modo tunc expresso distribuerentur ex hoc non 
solum in capella postquam in collegiatam ecclesiam ac in ea 
dignitates ac canonicatus et prebende et alia officia huiusmodi 
erecta seu instituta et dicti sex pueri instituti forent sed eciam 
inde Dumbar ac aliis ecclesiis et beneficiis uniendis ac prioratu 
predictis diuinus cultus augmentum susciperet et ipse Jacobus 
rex eciam alia bona patrimonialia ualoris annui quingentarum 
librarum uel circa monete Scocie pro premissis assignaret ac pro 
parte dicti Jacobi regis nobis tunc humiliter supplicati ut in 
premissis oportune prouidere de benignitate apostolica dignare- 
mur Nos tunc de premissis certam noticiam non habentes eius* 
dem Jacobi regis in ea parte supplicacionibus inclinati Sancte 
Crucis et de Scona Sanctiandree diocesis monasteriorum abbatibus 
ac archidiacono Laudonie in ecclesie Sanctiandree eonjm propriis 
nominibus non expressis aliis nostris litteris dedimus in man- 
datis quatenus si . erat ita eandem capellam postquam prefatus 
Jacobus Eex alia bona immobilia ualoris annui quingentarum 

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librarum monete Scocie huiusmodi cum efifectu pro premissis 
assignasset in collegiatam ecclesiam cum communi archa sigillo 
capitulo et alijs insigniis collegialibus et in ea dictam preposi- 
turam in decanatum dignitatem principalem pro tunc et pro 
tempore existente preposito dicte ecclesie beate Marie qui eciam 
decanus in eadem erigenda ecclesia existeret et unum subde- 
canatum pro uno sub decano qui uices eiusdem decani eciam 
modo et forma tunc expressis haberet ac sacristiam et sedecim 
canonicatus et prebendas et sex pueros clericos qui eciam certo 
modo tunc expresso diuina officia celebrarent et decantarent 
erigerent et instituerent ac reseruata congrua porcione pro sex 
canonicis dicti ordinis qui in eodem prioratu in diuinis deserui- 
rent et quorum vnus dictus prior existeret ex bonis et fructibus 
dicti prioratus residuum quod superesset decanatui subdecanatui 
sacristie ac canonicatibus et prebendis predictis perpetuo appli- 
carent et appropriarent ac dicte erigende ecclesie postquam 
erecta foret dicte de Dunbar et aliarum collegiatarum ecclesia- 
rum predicte seu aliarum diocesium canonicatus et prebendas ac 
perrochiales ecclesias et alia beneficia ecclesiastica cum cura et 
sine cura iuris patronatus ipsius Begis seu aliorum laicorum 
ualoris annui duarum millium librarum monete predicte de con- 
sensu Jacobi Regis et aliorum laicorum predictorum respectiue 
vnirent et incorporarent ac congruam porcionem tam pro uicariis congraa 
curatorum beneficiorum quam pro presbitris ydoneis qui canoni- ^^^^yj^^^ 
catibus et prebendis et aliis beneficiis sine cura uniendis 
deseruirent assignarent sub certis modo et forma eciam tunc 
expressis Et deinde sicut exhibita nobis nuper pro parte prefati 
Jacobi regis ac dilectorum filiorum decani et capituli dicte erecte 
ecclesie peticio continebat tunc' abbas monasterij de Scona et 
archidiaconus Laudonie huiusmodi ad execucionem dictarum 
litterarum alias illarum forma seruata procedentes quia ita esse 
reperierunt dictam capellam postquam prefatus Jacobus Bex de 
suis bonis patrimonialibus certa bona immobUia tunc expressa 
ualoris annui quingentarum librarum monete Scocie assignauerat 
in collegiatam ecclesiam ac in ea dictam preposituram ii^ 
decanatum dignitatem principalem subdecanatum sacristiam et 
sedecim canonicatus et totidem prebendas ac sex pueros clericos 

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alias iuxta tenorem dictarum litterarum erexerunt et instituer- 
unt ac reseruatis ex fructibus dicti prioratus pro priore 
et aliis quinque canonicis regularibus dicti ordinis quad- 
ringentis marchis monete Scocie Sesiduum fhictuum dicti 
prioratus dicte ecclesie erecte perpetuo applicarunt et appropri- 
arunt ac certas tunc expressas perrochiaJes ecclesias necnon 
rectoriam et archipresbiteratum nuncupatos et certos alios tuuc 
expressos dicte ecclesie de Dunbare et quamuis de facto de Ayre 
Glasguensis cum suis pertinenciis seu annexis et de CreifF Dun- 
Kyncar- keldensis ac de Kyncardyne Abbordenensis cum capellis 
annexis necnon de Pettybrachele et de Duchel nuncupatos 
Morauiensis ecclesiarum canonicatus et prebendas qui iuris 
patronatus prefati Regis existunt et quorum omnium insimul 
fructus redditus et prouentus duarum millium librarum monete 
Scocie secundum communem extimacionem ualorem annuum 
non excedunt de ipsius Jacobi Regis consensu eidem erecte 
ecclesie pro illius dote et ministris seu personis eius perpetuo 
unierunt annexuerunt et incorporauerunt Ita quod cedentibus 
uel decedentibus prioratum rectoriam et Archipresbiteratum 
nuncupatos ac alios canonicatus et prebendas huiusmodi obti- 
nentibus liceat capitulo dicte ecclesie erecte illorum corporalem 
possessionem apprehendere prout in litteris predictis plenius 
continetur et quodam instrumento publico seu processu desuper 
habito et confecto dicitur plenius contineri cum autem sicut 
eadem peticio subiungebat fructus redditus et prouentus singu- 
lorum canonicatuum et prebendarum metropolitane et aliarum 
ecclesiarum predictarum satis uberes existant cum de Ayre 
Glasguensis octuaginta et de Kyncardyne Abordenensis centum 
ac de Creiff Dunkeldensis quinquaginta et de Petty Brachlye et 
de Duchel Morauiensis ecclesiarum canonicatuum et prebenda- 
rum huiusmodi quadraginta libras Sterlingorum ualeant annu- 
atim et si reseruatis pro Glasguensis quinquaginta et Aborde- 
nensis eciam quinquaginta ac pro singulis Dunkeldensis et 
Morauiensis ecclesiarum canonicatibus et prebendis huiusmodi 
et illos pro tempore obtinentibus triginta marchis monete regni 
Scocie residuum fructuum earumdem dicte erecte ecclesie per- 
petuo applicaretur et appropriaretur profecto ex hoc canonico- 

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rum numerus in dictis cathedralibus ecclesiis non minueretur et 
eciam huiusmodi canonicatus et prebendas earumdem metro- 
politane et cathedralium ecclesiaTum pro tempore obtinentes ex 
residuo fructuum qui eis remanerent se commode sustentare 
possent ac eciam decanus subdecanus cantor sacrista canonici 
pueri ac alie persone dicte erecte ecclesie aliquod subuencionis 
auxilium pro eorum commodiori sustentacione snsciperent pro 
parte Jacobi Eegis ac decani et capituli predictorum nobis fait 
humiliter supplicatum ut in premissis oportune pronidere de 
benignitate apostolica dignaremur Nos igitur qui hodie vnaiii Cantoria. 
cantoriam que inibi dignitas existeret et per vnum ex sedecim 
canonicis obtineretur in eadem erecta ecclesia per alias nostras 
litteras ereximus quique ecclesiarum et personarum ecclesiasti- 
carum quarumlibet statui et commoditatibus quantum cum Deo 
possumus libenter consulimus decanum et capitulum prefatos 
ipsiusque capituli singulares personas a quibuscumque excom- 
unicacionis suspensioms et interdicti aliisque ecclesiasticis sen- 
tenciis censuris et penis a iure uel ab homine quauis occasione 
uel causa latis si quibus quomodolibet innodati existunt ad 
effectum presencium dumtaxat consequendum harum serie ab- 
soluentes et absolutes fore censentes ac fructus redditus et 
prouentus mense capitularis dicte erecte ecclesie presentibus 
pro expressis habentes huiusmodi supplicacionibus Jacobi Eegis 
ac decani et capituli predictorum inclinati reseruatis pro singulis 
de Ayre Glasguensis quinquaginta et de Kynkardyne Abor- Kyncar- 
denensis eciam quinquaginta ac de Creiff Dunkeldensis trigintaet ^^"®' 
de Pettybrachlye et Duchel nuncupatis canonicatibus et pre- 
bendis Morauiensis ecclesiarum predictarum triginta marchis 
eiusdem monete Scocie residues fructus redditus et prouentus 
canonicatuum et prebendarum Glasguensis et Abordenensis ac 
Dunkeldensis et Morauiensis ecclesiarum predictarum qui insimul 
ducentarum librarum Stirlingorum sinulium secundum com- 
munem extimacionem ualorem annuum ut asseritur non ex- 
cedunt eidem erecte ecclesie sen eius mense capitulari auctoritate 
apostolica tenore presencium perpetuo applicamus et appro- 
priamus et residues huiusmodi fructus ab eisdem canonicatibus 
et prebendis dictarum Glasguensis et Abordenensis et Dunkeld- 

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ensis et Morauienais ecclesiarum perpetuo dimembiamus et 
separamus Ita quod exceptis quinquaginta pro singuliB Olas- 
guensis et Aboidenensis et triginta marchis pro singulis Dun- 
keldensis et Morauiensis ecclesiarum canonicatuum et prebend- 
arum huiusmodi reseruatis liceat decano et capitulo prefatis 
cedentibus uel decedentibus canonicatus et prebendas Glasgu- 
ensis et Aberdonensis ac Dunkeldensis et Morauiensis ecclesi- 
arum huiusmodi obtinentibus l^iduum fructuum reddituum et 
prouentuum huiusmodi quatuor canonicatuum et prebendarum 
propria auctoritate libere apprehendere et in suos et ecdesie 
erecte huiusmodi vsus et vtilitatem conuertere diocesanonun 
locorum et quorumuis aliorum licencia super hoc minime re- 
quisita Non obstantibus constitucionibus et ordinacionibus 
Apostolicis et Glasguensis Dunkeldensis Aberdonensis et Mor- 
auiensis ecclesiarum predictarum iuramento confirmacione apos- 
tolica uel quauis firmitate alia roboratis statutis et consuetu- 
dinibus ceterisque contrariis quibuscumque Nulli ergo omnino 
hominum liceat banc paginam nostre absolucionis appropriacionis 
applicacionis dimembracioms et separacionis infringere uel ei 
ausu temerario contraire Si qids autem hoc attemptare pre- 
sumpserit indignacionem omnipotentis Dei ac beatorum Petri 
et Pauli Apostolorum eius se nouerit incursurum Datum Some 
apud Sanctum Petrum anno incarnacionis dominice Millesimo 
quingentesimo secundo sexto decimo Kalendas Maij Pontificatus 
nostri anno decimo. 

11. Bulla si in Euidentem. 

Alexander bpiscopus seruus seruorum Dei dilectis filiis 
Abbati Monasterij Sancte Crucis Sanctiandree diocesis et Archi- 
diacono Laudonie in ecclesia Sanctiandree salutem et apostoli- 
cam benedictionem Ex iniuncto nobis desuper apostolice serui- 
tutis officio ad ea libenter intendimus per que ecclesiarum 
omnium ac personarum in eis diuinis laudibus deditarum vtilitas 
procuratur illaque fauoribus prosequimur oportunus Dudum 

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aiquidem a felicis recordacionis Paulo Pape II. predecessore 
nostio emanarunt littere tenoris subsequentis : 

Paulus episcopus seruus seruorum Dei ad peipetuam rei 
memoriam cum in omnibus iudicus sit rectitudo iusticie et 
consciencie puritas obseruanda id multo magis in commissioni- 
bus alienacionum rerum ecclesiasticarum conuenit obseruari in 
quibus de Christi patrimonio et dispensacione pauperum non de 
proprio cuiusque peculio agitur aut tractatur Qua propter oportet 
ut in examinandis huiuamodi aHenacionum causis que a sede 
apostolica in forma si in euidentem utilitatem cedant oneratis 
ecclesiasticorum iudicum consciencijs delegantur nichil fauor 
usurpet nichil timor extorqueat nulla expectacio pecunij iusti- 
ciam conscienciam que subuertat Monemus igitur et sub inter- 
minacione diuini iudicij omnibus commissarijs et delegatis 
huiusmodi districte precipimus ut caute et diligenter attendant 
causas in Uttens apostolicis per supplicantes expressas illasque 
soUicite examinent atque discuciant testes et probaciones super 
narratorum ueritate recipiant et solum Deum pre oculis habentes 
omni timore aut fauore deposito ecclesiarum indemnitatibus 
consulant nee in lesionem aut detrimentum earum decretum 
quomodoUbet interponant Si quis autem commissarius aut dele- 
gatus consciencie sue prodigus in grauamen et detrimentum 
ecdesie per gradam timorem uel sordes alienacioni consenserit 
aut decretum uel auctoritatem interposuerlt inferior quidem 
episcopo sentenciam excommunicacionis incurrat Episcopus uero 
aut superior ab execucione officij per annum nouerit se sus- 
pensum ad extimacionem detriment! ecclesie illati nichilominus 
condemnandus sciturus quod si suspensione durante damna- 
bUiter ingesserit se in diuinis irregularitatis laqueo se inuoluet 
a quo nisi per summum pontificem potent Uberari Is uero 
qui dolo uel fraude aut scienter in detnmentupi ecclesiarum 
alienacionem fieri procurauerit aut per sordes uel inpressionem 
alienacionis decretum extorserit similem sentenciam excom- 
municacionis incurrat a qua nisi per £omanum pontificem possit 
absolui ad restitucionem nichilominus rerum alienarum cum 
fructibus quandocumque de premissis constiterit condemnandus. 
Volumus autem quod delegati et commissarij predicti de penis 

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constitucionis nostre specifice moneantur et in quibuscumque 
litteris commissionam huiasmodi hoc statutum nostrum inser- 
atur Nulli ergo oninino hominum liceat hanc paginam nostre 
monicionis precepti et uoluntatis infringere nel et ausu teme- 
rario contraire Si quis autem hoc attemptare presumpserit 
indignacionem omnipotentis Dei ac beatonun Petri et Faiili 
apostolorum eius se nouerit incursurum Datum Borne apud 
Sanctum Petrum anno incamacionis dominice Millesimo quad- 
ringentesimo sexagesimo quinto quinto Idus Maij Pontificatus 
nostri anno primo. 

Et deiude sicut exhibita nobis pro parte dilectorum filiorum 
decani et capituli ecclesie capelle regie nuncupate beate Marie 
et Sancti' Michaelis intra palacium carissimi in Christo filij nostri 
Jacobi Scotorum regis illustris opidi de Stirling Sanctiandree 
notabene. diocesis peticio continebat: Cum nos nuper alias dicti Jacobi 
Begis in ea parte supplicacionibus iaclinati eandem capellam in 
collegiatam et in ea vnum decanum et vnum subdecanum dig- 
nitates ac unam sacristiam officium necnon certos canonicatus 
et prebendas pro totidem canonicis et alias certas personas post- 
quam dictus Jacobus Bex certa bona immobilia ualoris annui 
tunc express] pro dote ipsius ecclesie assignasset exigi et institui 
per alias nostras litteras mandauissemus postquam ipse Jacobus 
Bex iuxta dictarum litterarum nostrarum tenorem bona predicta 
assignauerat earumdem litterarum nostrarum vigore dicta capella 
in collegiatam ecclesiam et in ilia dignitates ac canonicatus et 
prebende huiusmodi erecti et persone institute fuerint; cum 
autem sicut eadem peticio subiungebat inter certa bona per 
dictum Begem assignata prefatus Jacobus Bex de Kyntire et de 
Lochabire possessiones et bona immobilia Lesmorensis et Mor- 
auiensis sine Bossensis diocesium ualoris annui septuaginta 
librarum Stirlingorum uel circa eidem ecclesie assignauerit et si 
ilia cum alijs bonis immobUibus utilioribus per eumdem Begem 
in cambium assignandis permutarentur seu loco bonorum as- 
signatorum ut prefertur certe ecclesie iuris patronatus ipsius 
regis ex quorum fructibus redditibus et prouentibus annuis 
octuaginta libre similes uel circa singulis annis peruenirent et 
perciperentur mense capitulari dicte ecclesie perpetuo vnirentur 

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annecterentur et incorporarentur permutacio seu unio huitismodi 
si fierent in euidentem utilitatem dicte mense capitularis ced- 
erent; pro parte dictomm decani et capituli nobis fuit humiliter 
supplicatum ut in premissis prouidere de benignitate apostolica 
dignaremur: Nos igitur qui dudum inter alia uolumns quod 
petentes beneficia ecclesiastica alijs uniri tenerentur exprimere 
uerum ualorem annuum secundum communem extimacionem 
eciam beneficii cui vnio fieri peteretur alioquin unio non ualeret 
et semper in unionibus commissio fieret ad partes uocatis quorum 
interest de premissis certam noticiam non habentes et capituli 
singulares personas a quibusuis excommunicacionis suspensionis 
et interdicti aliisque ecclesiasticis sentenciis censuris et penis a 
iure uel ab homine quauis occasione uel causa si quibus quomo- 
dolibet innodate existunt ad efTectum presencium dumtaxat 
consequendum harum serie absoluentes et absolutas fore cen- 
sentes necnon possessionum et bonorum predictorum assigna- 
torum et assignandorum situs et confines ac fructuum reddituum 
et prouentuum dicte mense ueros ualores annuos presentibus 
pro expressis habentes huiusmodi, suplicacionibus inclinati^ 
discrecioni uestre per apostolica scripta mandamus quatenus 
possessionibus et bonis predictis tam assignatis quam assignandis 
coram nobis insimul procedentibus specificatis prius ac seruata 
forma litterarum preinsertarum huiusmodi coniunctim pro- 
cedentes de premissis nos diligenter informetis et per informaci- 
onem huiusmodi ita esse et permutacionem seu vnionem ali- 
quarum ecclesiarum que de iure patronatus dicti Eegis existant 
quanmique fructus redditus et prouentus ad minus octuaginta 
libras ualeant annuatim eidem ecclesie seu illius mense capitulari 
SI FiSNT IN EUIDENTEM utUitatcm dicte ecclesie cedere reppereritis 
eisdem decano et capitulo recipiendi alia bona immobilia utiliora 
si ilia prefatus Jacobus Bex pro prefatis possessionibus et bonis 
per eum assignatis assignare seu in excambium dare uolueht 
licenciam et facultatem concedere seu alias ecdesias que de iure 
patronatus dicti regis existant et quarum fructus redditus et 
prouentus ad ualorem octuaginta librarum similium ad minus 
ascendant annuatim cum omnibus iuribus et pertinenciis suis si 
ad hoc prefati B^gis accesserit assensus eidem mense perpetuo 

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vnire annectere et inooTporare anctoritate nostra coietis, ita qnod 
cedentibns nel decedentibiis dictamm nniendamm ecdesianun 
tunc rectoribus sen ecclesias ipsas.nniendas alias qnomodolibet 
dimittentibus liceat decano et capitulo prefatis per se nel alium 
sen alios corporalem possessionem ecclesiamm uniendarom 
inrinmqne et pertinenciamm predictorum propria anctoritate 
apprehendere et perpetno retinere ac illamm fmctns redditns et 
prouentns predictos in snos et dicte mense nsus et ntilitatem 
connertere diocesani loci et cninsnis alterins licencia snper hoc 
minime reqnisita, non obstantibns uolnntate nostra predicta et 
aliis apostolicis constitncionibus et ordinacionibns necnon dicte 
ecclesie erecte iuramento confirmacione apostolica nel qnauis 
alia firmitate roboratis statntis et cousnetndinibns contrarijs 
qnibnscnmque ant si aliqni snper pronisionibns sibi faciendis de 
hniusmodi nel aliis beneficiis ecclesiasticis in illis partibus 
speciales nel generates dicte sedis nel legatorum eins litteras 
impetranerit eciam si per eas ad inhibicionem resemacionem et 
decretnm nel alias qnomodolibet sit processnm qnasqnidem 
litteras et processus habitos per easdem et inde secnta que- 
cumque ad dictas nniendas ecclesias nolumtis non extendi sed 
nullum per hoc eis quo ad assecncionem beneficiomm aliorum 
preiudicium generari et quibuslibet prinilegiis indulgenciis et 
litteris apostolicis generalibns nel specialibns quommcumque 
tenomm existant per que presentibus non expressa nel totaliter 
non inserta effectus eamm impediri naleat qnomodolibet uel 
differri et de quibus quorumque totis tenoribns de nerbo ad 
verbnm habenda sit in nostris litteris mencio specialis : Volu- 
mus autem quod propter unionem annexionem et incorporaci- 
onem predictas si eas uigore presencium fieri contingat dicte 
ecclesie nniende debitis non fraudentur obsequiis et animamm 
cura in quibus ilia imminet nnUatenus necligatur sed illamm 
congme supportentur onera consneta : et insuper quoad unionem 
hniusmodi si illam uigore presencium fieri contingat exnunc ir> 
ritum decernimus et inane si secus super hiis a quoquam quanis 
anctoritate scienter uel ignoranter contigerit attemptari. Datum 
Borne apnd Sanctum Petmm anno inoamacionis dominice 

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Millesimo quingentesimo primo quarto decimo kalendas Aprilis 
Pontificatus nostri anno Decimo. 


Alexander episcopus seruus seruorum Dei Dilectis filiis de 
Cambuskynneth et Ps^Ieto Sanctiandree et Glasguensis dioce- 
sium monasteriorum abbatibns ac'archidiacono ecdesie Scmcti- 
andree salatem et apostolicam benedictionem Hodie ex certis 
cansis ac sub certis modo et forma tunc expressis reseruatis 
pro de Ayre Glasguensis quinquaginta et de Eyncardyne Abor- 
denensis eciam quinquaginta ac de Crieff Dunkeldensis tri- 
ginta et de Pettybrachlye et Duchel nuncupatis canonicatibus et 
prebendis Morauiensis ecclesiarum similiter triginta marchis 
monete Scocie Besiduos fructus redditus et prouentus singulorum 
eorumdem canonicatuum et prebendarum ecclesie capelle r^e 
nuncupate beate Marie et Scmcti MichaeUs intra palacium opidi 
de Stirlyng Sanctiandree diocesis site seu illius mense capit- 
ulari apostolica auctoritate perpetuo applicauimus et appropri- 
auimus ac residues fructus huiusmodi ab eisdem canonicatibus 
et prebendis eadem auctoritate perpetuo dimembrauimus et sep- 
arauimus prout in nostris inde confectis litteris plenius con- 
tinetur Quocirca discrecioni uestre per apostolica scripta man^ 
damns quatenus uos uel duo aut unus uestrum si et postquam 
dicte littere nobis presentate fuerint per uos uel alium seu 
alios litteras ipsas et in eis contenta quecumque ubi et 
quando ac quocienscumque opus fuerit ac pro parte decani 
pro tempore existentis et dilectorum filiorum capituli dicte 
ecclesie seu alicuius eorum desuper requisiti fueritis pub- 
licantes ac eis in premissis efficacis defensionis presidio as- 
sistentes faciatis eos auctoritate nostra padfica possessione uel 
quasi applicacionis appropriacionis dimembracionis et separa- 
cionis ac aliorum in eisdem litteris contentorum gaudere non 
permittentes eosdem decanum et capitulum per venerabiles 
fratres nostros Glasguensem Archiepiscopum et Abordenensem 
ac Dunkeldensem et Morauiensem episcopos ueQuou dile^tps 


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filios singularum Glasguensis AbordoneDsis DunkeldeDsis et 
Morauiensis ecclesiarum predictarum capitula seu per quoscom- 
que alios contra applicacionis appropriacionis dunembracionis 
et separacionis ac litterarum predictarum tenorem quomodolibet 
indebite molestari contradictores quoslibet et rebelles auctori- 
tate nostra per censuram ecclesiasticam appellacione postposita 
compescendo inuocato eciam ad hoc si opus fuerit auxilio brachii 
secnlaris Non obstantibus felicis recordacionis .Bonifacij Pape 
YIII predecessoris nostri qua inter alia cauuetur expresse ne 
aliquis extra suam ciuitatem uel diocesim nisi in certis exceptis 
casibus et in illis ultra unam dictam a fine sue diocesis ad indi- 
cium euocetur Seu ne indices et conseruatores a sede apos- 
tolica deputati extra ciuitatem et diocesim in quibus deputati 
fuerint contra quoscumque procedere aut alij uel aliis uices suas 
committere presumant et de duabus dictis in concilio generali 
edita dummodo ultra quatuor dictas aliquis auctoritate presen- 
cium non trahatur ac aliis constitucionibus et ordinacionibus 
apostolicis ac omnibus illis que in dictis litteris uolumus non 
obstare. Aut si archiepiscopo episcopis et capituUs prefatis uel 
quibusuis aliis communiter uel diuisim ab eadem sit sede indul- 
tum quod interdici suspendi uel excommunicari aut extra uel 
vltra certa loca ad indicium euocari non possint per litteras 
apostolicas non facientes plenam expressam ac de uerbo in 
uerbum huiusmodi mencionem. Datum Home apud Sanctum 
Petrum anno incamacionis dominice Millesimo quingentesimo 
secundo sextodecimo Ealendas Maii Pontificatus nostri anno 

13. Hec sunt ornamenta iocalia et volumina que habentur in 
ecclesia collegiata beate Marie et Sancti Michaelis de Striueling 
et ponuntur sub firma custodia discreti uiri magistri Dauid 
Traile sacriste dicte ecclesie quarto die mensis Nouembris de anno 
Domini millesimo quingentesimo quinto. 

De colore nigro. 
In primis vna casula una stola unus manipulus cum ly parrus 

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pro vna alba et uno amictn de ly satene nigri colons habenti 
duplicatnram de ly buciam nigri colons et hec casula habet ly 
orphus de vellus eciam nigri coloris. Item tres cape de ly vellus 
eciam nigri coloris none et preciose portantes arma domini 
B^is de quibus una earum est consuta cum fills aureis ad 
modum stellarom splendencium. Item una casula et due tunice 
de vellus nigri coloris consute cum filis aureis due stole tres 
manipuli cum ly parrus pro tribus albis et tribus amictibus 
eiusdem coloris et substancie. Item imum pendiculum de ueUus 
nigri coloris consutum cum filis aureis ad modum stellarum 
splendencium pro summo altari ordinatum et habet duplicatur 
ram de bucram blodij coloriB. Item unus paruus et longus 
pannus de vellus nigri coloris super quem consuta sunt cum filis 
aureis hec uerba — Misericordia eius super omnia opera eius — et 
habet duplicaturam de bucram blodij coloris. Item vna capa de 
ly dammes nigri coloris habens ly orphus de vellus subrubij 
coloris. Item vna casula de dammes nigri coloris habens ly 
orphus de vellus subrubii coloris. Item vnum pendiculum de 
dammes nigri coloris pro summo altari Item vna parua et 
curta capa serica antiqua nigri et rubei coloris mixtim plus 
tamen participat de nigro colore. Item una casula tres stole 
tres manipuli cum ly parrus pro tribus albis et tribus amictibus 
de cameleto nigri coloris cum dupplicatura de bucram eiusdem 
coloris et hec casula habet ly parrus de danmies nigri coloris 
cum quibusdem lineis rubei coloris. 

De ilodio colore. 

In primis due cape de dammes blodij seu celestis coloris cum 
filis aureis consute ad modum radiorum solis et sunt large et 
preciose habentes capucia sua et ly orphus de panno precioso 
auri et habent pannum lineum ad illas conseruandas. Item una 
casula due tunice vna stola tres manipuli cum ly parrus pro 
tribus albis et uno amictu de dammes eiusdem coloris bonitatis 
et substancie cum duabus capis inmediate predictis et hec due 
tunice habent ly orphus de precioso panno aurL £t cum istis 
tunicis habentur vna stola et ly parrus pro uno amictu de auro 
ualde precioso. Item unum pendiculum pro summo altari de 

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dammes blodij colons cum fills aureis consntum ad modum radi- 
orum soils portans pulcherlme salutaclonem nostre domlne. 
Item vnum aliud pendlculum pro sommo altaxl de dammes 
elusdem colorls et bonltatls cum pendlculo inmedlate precedente 
portans honestisslme ymaginem Del patrls et nostre Domlne ac 
ymaglnes quonimdam angelorum et hoc pendlculum habet In se 
multas margaiitas ad elus decorem et hec duo pendlcula habent 
pannum Uneum ad eorum conseruaclonenL Item duo alia pen- 
dlcula minora de vellus celestis sen blodij colorls contexta cum 
fills aureis et vnum lllorum portat ymaginem Sancte Trlnltatls 
in auro contextam. Item vna casula due tunlce due stole tres 
manipull et cum ly parrus et trlbus albls et trlbus amlctlbus de 
vellus subuellus blodij colorls et habent ly orphus de panno 
aurL Item duo pendlcula pro summo altarl de ly taffate blodij 
colorls quorum vnum portat In elus medio ymaginem crucifix! 
consutam cum fills aureis et hec duo pendlcula dupUcaturam 
habent de ly fustlane albl colorls. 

Dt colore rubio. 

Item due cape de panno precloso aurl habentes capucla et 
ly orphus eciam de panno aurl rublj colorls et habent pannum 
llneum ad earum conseruaclonem et sunt mellores cape in ec- 
cle^la et magnl precU. Item due cape de panno aurl et vellus 
subuellus rubel colorls et habent pannum llneum ad earum con- 
seruaclonem. Item due cape de panno aurl et de vellus com- 
mlxtim rubel colorls cum ly orphus de panno aurl et habent ly 
frenzels de fills cerlcis in eanmi clrcumferencljs et cum panno 
lineo ad earum conseruaclonem. Item due cape vna casula due 
tunlce vna stola unus manlpulus cum ly parrus pro una alba et 
vno amlctu de satene rublj colorls contexta cum fills aureis ad 
modum ramorum arborum et hec due cape habent x>a'nnum 
llneum ad earum conseruaclonem. Item unus pannus preclosus 
de auro rubij colorls ad honorem euchanstle ordiuatus quando 
deportatur extra ecclesiam et habet pannum llneum ad elus 
conseruaclonem. Item quatuor haste lignle rublj colorls ad por- 
tandum in alto dictum pannum super eucharlstlam. Item vnum 
paruum frontale preclosum de auro et cum fills aureis pendenti* 

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bus portans anna Eegis et diuersa alia arma et certas ymagines 
sanctorum et habet in se multas margaritas ad eius decorem. 
Item una capa de vellus rubij colons cum ly orphus de vellus 
nigri coloris. Item vna capa de Sateyne crammasy mbij colons 
cum ly orphus de dammes viridis coloris. Item una casula de 
sateyne crammasy rudii coloris cum ly parrus de sateyne uiridis 
coloris. Item una capsula serica figure quadrangularis rubii 
coloris exterius et albi coloris interius pro corporalibus seruandis. 
Et ibi includitur unum co-opertorium pro calice sub figura quad- 
rangulari de auro consutum cum multis margaritis sumptuose 
fabricatum. Item una casula noua una stola unus manipulus 
cum ly parrus pro una alba et uno amictu de panno auri pre- 
ciosi rubij coloris sumptuose consute et fabricate habente dupli- 
caturam de sateyne blodij coloris et hec casula habet ly orphus 
de panno auri cum filis aureis consutum et est res magni precii 
Item imum antiquum ly orphus de panno auri conueniens pro 
una capa. Item unum aliud antiquum ly orphus de panno auri 
pro una capa et hec duo ly orphus sunt rubii coloris. Item unum 
antiquum frontale de serico diuersorum colorum portans diuersa 
arma desuper contexta et est modici ualoris. 

De suhalbo colore alias ly duntve coloure. 

Item yna casula due tunice due stole tres manipuli cum ly 
parrus pro tribus albis et tribus amictibus de danunes de ly 
dwne colore habentibus ly orphus de panno auri. Item duo 
panni cerici antiqui cum filis aureis contexti ly dwne coloris. 
Item vnus paruus x)annus serious antiquus cum filis aureis con- 
textus ly dwne coloris. Item unus antiquus de vellus de ly 
dwne colore pro ambone ut apparet ordinatus. 

De colore viridi. 

Item vna casula antiqua vna stola vnus manipulus portans 
arma regis et regine que uenit de Dacia de dammes uiridis coloris 
et cum ly parrus pro ima alba et uno amictu eiusdem coloris et 
substancie. Item vnus pannus de ly verdoure diuersorum colorum 
plus tamen declinans ad colorem uiridem. Item duo panni de ly 
burdalexander habentes duplicaturam de panneo lineo pro duobus 

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ambobuB co-operiendis. Item vna casiQa cum annis domini i^ 
due tunice due stole ties manipuli cum ly parrus pro tribus albiB 
et tribus amictibus de dammes uiridis colons. Item vna casula 
portans arma regis una stola unus manipulus cum ly parrus pro 
una alba de dammes uiridis coloris et hec casula habet ly orphus 
de vellus nigri coloris. 

De colore alba. 

Item due cape de panno auri albi coloris et habent pannum 
Ijrneum ad earum conseruacionem. Item una capa de dammes 
albi coloris cum fills aureis consuta ad modum boUb splendentis 
et ly orphus de panno auri. Item due casule due stole duo mani- 
puli cum ly parras pro duabus albis et duobus amictibus de 
dammes albi coloris £t dicte casule habent ly orphus de ueUus 
nigri coloris. Item una casula due tunice due stole tres manipuli 
cum ly parrus pro tribus albis et tribus amictibus de dammes 
albi coloris et habent ly orphus de panno auri et duplicatuiam 
de bucram rubij coloris et sunt none et preciose et dicte tunice 
habent cordas sericas pendentes retro et portant arma Begis 
abante et regis ac regine filie regis Anglie commixtim retro. 

De colore purpureo. 

Item due casule de vellus purpurei coloris cum ly orphus de 
panno auri due stole duo manipuli et cum ly parrus pro duabus 
albis et duobus amictibus eiusdem coloris et substancie. 

Item duo candelabra erea aliquantulum magna. Item octo fiole 
de stanno. Item ima parua campana pendens ante fores ecdesie. 
Item tres magne campane que uenerunt ex ciuitate Lundoniarum 
ibi empte per dominum Begem fundatorem ecclesia Item unum 
pulcrum horecudium completum per dominum Jacobum Petty- 
grew fabricatum. Item duo ly flacottis de stanno. Item cna 
de stanno de aurato portans ymaginem crucifixi. Item tria 
tintinabula. Item una crux lignea rubij coloris habens hastam 
longam. Item una hasta longa ad portaudum ymaginem cruci- 
fixi extra ecclesiam. Item duo magni ambones de lignis stantes 
in choro. Item tria paria organorum quorum unum est de lignis 
et duo alia de stanno sine de plumbo. Item tria seruicalia ad 

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Bupponendom missalibus in altari. Item vna tabula cum tribus 
folijs ubi depinguntuT ymago Domine nostre gerentis Filium 
suum in ulnis suis et duo angeli portantes instrumenta musicalia. 
Item una tabula in qua scribitur qui pridie etc. Item vna magna 
archa clausa cum duabus feris pro omamentis ecclesie seruandis. 
Item ly Judas bellis et ly traditor pro officio tenebrarum in 
septimana dominice passionis. Item boxa correa apta ad seruan- 
dum euidencias ecclesie. Item habentur in pictura multa anna 
regis et regine pro obsequiis celebrandis. Item una habens tria 
folia ubi depinguntur sub uitro ymago crucifixi et quatuor 
sanctorum eciam sub uitro in lateribus. Item una tabula por- 
tans formam uultus nostri Saluatoris et uocatur ly vemakill. 
Item una tabula in qua depingitur ymago nostre domine. Item 
una capsula pro crismate de stanno. 

Et SEQurruR de jocalibus. 
In primis ima magna capsula de argento pro eucharistia 
portanda et locale magni ponderis ac sumptuose fabri- 
catum et portat in eius summitate ymaginem crucifixi 
Item due fiole de argento et sunt deaurate circa earum 
summitates. Item tria candelabra de argento et sunt pen- 
dens notabili& Item unus thuribulus cum naui et cocleari 
de argento pro incenso. Item ly teistyr de argento deaurato 
portans ymaginem crucifixi ac nostre domine et Johannis euuan- 
geliste habet eciam multas gemmas diuersorum colorum in se 
fixas et est notabile locale. Item unum locale de argento 
deaurato fabricatum ad modum habens campanile in eius sum- 
mitate una locatur una particula sine pecia ligni crucis sancte 
et omatur illud locale cum multis margaritis et includuntur in 
eodem ut ueraciter creditur multe reliquie sanctorum. Item 
unum paruum locale de argento deaurato habens ymaginem 
crucifixi in eius summitate et protenditur aliquantulum in altum. 
Item unus circulus de puro auro habens formam capitis beati 
Johannis Baptiste. Item quatuor caUces et quatuor patene de 
argento deaurato et bene ponderantes. Item una parua capsula 
de argento deaurato rotunde figure pro eucharistia seruandsL 
Item unum magnum et preciosum locale de puro auro portans 

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yma^em nostre domine gerentis Filium suum mortuum super 
genua eius et diuersas alias ymagines et hoc iooale habet in eius 
summitate ymaginem crudfixi et est artificiose fabricatum portat 
eciam multas gemmas diuersorum et margaritas et includitur in 
una boxa de correo ad eius conseruacionem. Item tria parua 
candelabra de argento deaurato portantia arma regis Anglie et de- 
portata firerunt ad partes Scoticanas cum Begina nostra que est 
filia Begis Anglie. 

Et sequitur de Voluminibus. 
In primis duo missalia in papiro de Httera impressa. 
Item duo missalia in pergamino de littera impressa. Item 
unimi antiquum missale in pergamino cum penna scrip- 
tum. Item liber euuangeliorum in pergamino cum penna 
scriptus. Item liber epistolarum in pergamino cum penna 
scriptus. Item duo psalteria antiqua in pergamino cum 
penna scripta. Item quatuor magna antiphonaria in peigamino 
cum penna scripta et habent diuersas litteras capitales deauratas. 
Item duo magna breuiaria in pergamino de littera impressa. 
Item vnum magnum breuiarium in papiro in littera impressa 
et est ruptum in multis foliis. Item duo volumina in per- 
gamino cum notis de ly faburdone. Item due legende in per- 
gamino cum penna scripte quarum vna est de temporali et altera 
de proprietatibus sanctorum. Item decem processionalia in 
pergamino cum penna scripta et notata. Item tria gradalia in 
pergamino cum penna scripta. Item unum alterum gradale 
magnum et nouum in pergamino cum penna scriptum datum 
domino regi per abbatem Insule sancte Columbe defunctunu 
Item unum breuiarium magnum in papiro de littera impressa. 
Item unum paruum breuiaritim in papiro de littera impressa. 
Item unum uolumen uocatum ordinarium secundum vsum Sarum 
in pergamino cum penna scriptum. Item vnum paruum missale 
in papiro de littera impressa. Item velum tempH et est diuisum 
in duas partes pro quadragesima. Item septem parui panni 
linei omati cum crucibus et ordinantur ad co-operiendum 
ymagines sanctorum tempore quadragesimalL Item octo mani- 
tergia pro manibus lauandis in nussa de quibus simt quatuor de 
ly domyke. Item quatuor corporalia pro missis celebrandis. 

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[In the MS. there i$ a blank space here of two leaves 
and Iwif a page,] 

14. Preuilegium Familiarium regis et rbgine. 


memorianL Honestis omnium fidelium uotis et apostolice sedis 
deuotanim personarum presertim Catholicorum principum de- 
sideriis per que persone quelibet eorum obsequiis insistentes 
sublatis uexationibus et inquietacionibus vniuersis in pacis et 
quietis dulcedine ualeant eis debitum prestare famulatum 
Kbenter annuimus eaque quantum cum Deo possumus fauoribus 
prosequimur oportunis sane pro parte carissimi filii nostri Jacobi 
Scotorum Eegis et carissime in Christo filie nostre Margarete 
Eegine Scotorum illustrium nobis nuper exhibita peticio con- 
tinebat quod cum sepe contingat quod familiares continui com- 
mensales eorundem Begis et Begine et eorom obsequiis insis- 
tentes ad instanciam diuersarum personarum coram diuersis 
iudicibus et forsan non ordinariis suis in diuersis causis et quan- 
doque ciuilibus ad iudicium euocenter quamuis ipsi familiares 
in obsequiis huiusmodi insistentes parati essent coram iudice 
ordinario ubi resident pro tempore de se querelantibus in iusticia 
respondere et ex huiusmodi euocacione eorundem familiarium 
et obsequiis insistencium coram diuersis iudicibus ipsi familiares 
et obsequiis insistentes diuersa damna et incomoda quandoque 
paduntur impedianturque eciam ne in hiis que ad obsequium 
Begis et Begine predictorum pertinent cum ilia diligencia et 
assiduitate intendere possint Gonueniensque uideretur et tarn 
pro eorum quiete quam eciam ut circa obsequia Begis et Begine 
predictorum congruis temporibus insistere valeant ut aliquis 

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iudex deputetor coram quo commode conueniri possint Quare 
pro parte Begis et Begine predictorum nobis fait humiliter sup- 
plicatum ut omnes et singulos eorum et pro tempore existenciumi 
qui oen- Begis et Begine Scotorum nunc et pro tempore existentes fami> 
exem^tL -^^ continuos commensales eorumque et cuiuslibet eorum 
familiares. obsequiis insistentes et actu seruientes. £t qui per sex menses 
seruiuerinl eisdem a quorumcunque Episcoporum et Archiepis- 
coporum alionimque ordinariorum eorumque officialium pre- 
sencium et futurorum jurisdictione correccione dominio et 
potestate penitus eximere et totaliter liberare aliasque in 
prenussis oportune prouidere de benignitate apostolica dig> 
naremur Nos igitur qui personarum singularum presertim 
seruiciis Begum et Beginarum insistencium pacem et quietem 
summis desideriis exoptamus huiusmodi supplicacionibus in- 
clinati omnes et singulos Jacobi et Margarite predictorum et 
pro tempore existencium Begis et Begine Scotorum familiares 
continuos commensales eorumque et cuiuslibet eorum obsequiis 
Nota.— insistentes ac actu seruientes et qui per sex menses continuos 
acta seri^* seruiuerint eisdem a quorumcunque Episcoporum Archiepis- 
ueDtesper coporum aliorumque ordinariorum eorumque ofScialium pre- 
^^^°^" sencium et futurorum iurisdictione correccione dominio et 
potestate preterquam racione uel causa quorumcunque bene- 
ficiorum ecclesiasticorum secularium uel regularium obtentorum 
uel optinendorum pro tempore eximimus et totaliter liberamus 
Ita quod Episcopi Archiepiscopi aliique ordinarii et officiales 
prefati seu eorum aliquis nullam eciam racione delicti aut rei de 
qua ageretur ubicunque committatur delictum aut res ipsa con- 
sistat correccionem superioritatem aut dominium et potestatem 
in familiares et obsequiis prefatos presentes et futures aut 
eorum aUquem exercere possint Sed teneantur ipsi familiares in 
obsequiis insistentes presentes et futuri de se querelantibus tam 
laicis quam ecclesiasticis coram dilecto filio decano ecclesie 
beate Marie et Sancti Michaelis Capelle Begie nuncupate opidi 
de Sterlyng Sancti Andree diocesis nunc et pro tempore exis- 
tente in iusticia respondere possintque ipsi familiares et obsequiis 
insistentes presentes et futuri Coram prefato decano in iusticia 
respondere; decernentes ex nunc omnes et singulos processus 

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senteDcias quos et qnas contra familiares et obsequiis insistentes 
prefatos pieeenciuia tenorem exempoionis et liberacionis huius- 
modi haberi et promulgari contigerit nuUius roboris uel momenti 
existere ac irritum et i^iane quicquid secus super hiis a quoquam 
quauis autoritate scienter uel ignoranter contra tenorem presen- 
cium fieri uel attemptarl contigerit et quecunque pro tempore 
inde secuta nulla irrit^i et inania nuUiusque roboris uel momenti 
Quocirca dilectis filiis de Dunfermlyn et Gambuskynneth Sancti- Qaocirca 
andree diocesis monasteriorum Abbatibus ^ preposito ecclesie ^j^^ 
Fesulan per apostolica scripta mandamus quatinus ipsi uel duo Dunferm- 
^ut vnus eorum eisdem familiaribus et obsequiis insistentibus (^mbns- 
in premiasis ef&cacis defensionis auxilio assistentes faciant eos ty^u^et ao 


exempcione et liberacione predictis pacifice &ui et gaudere non ecclesie 
permittentes eos per episcopoe archiepiscopos ordinarios ®^I^^^^. 
officiales predictos aut quoscunque alios contra tenocem ex-n^scripu 
.empcioms et liberacionis huiusmodi quomodolibet molestarij^^ 
oontradictores autoritate nostra appellacione postposita com- 
pescendo Non obstantibus felicis recordacionis Innocencij Pape 
IIII. predecessoris nostri circa exemptos que incipit — ^Yolentes — 
etaliis constitudonibus et ordina,cionibus apostolicis necnon sta- 
tut|3 elb QOQsuetudinibus dicta ecclesie beate Marie iuramento 
coufixmacione apostolica uel quauis finnitate alia roboratis con- 
larariis quibuspunque Seu si axchiepiscopis episcopis ordinariis Nota.— 
et offidalibusprefatis uel quibusuis aliis communiter uel diuisim ^^*n^* 
.ab etul^m sit sede indultum quod interdici suspendi uel excom- cassabun- 
municai;! non possint per litteras apostoUcas non facientes ex s^lali 
.plen^an;! et expressam ac de uerbo ad uerbum de indulto huius- autoritate 
;axodi menoionem Nulli ergo omnino hominum liceat banc pagi- tofica et 
jiam nostre exempcionis liberacionis decreti et mandati inMngere ^^' 
.uel ei a^isu temerfurio contraire Si quis autem hoc attemptare 
j^reeumpserit indignaclone omnipotentis Dei ac beatorum Petri 
^t iPauli apostolorum eius se nouerit incursurum Datum Bome 
apud Sanctum Petrum anno Incamacionis dominice Millesimo 
quing^te^imo quarto Quinto non^s Julij. 

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Julius episcopus Seruus seruorum dei ad rei perpetuam 
memoriam. Bomani Pontificis prouidencia circumspecta non- 
nunquam per sedem apostolicam ordinata commutat prout ec- 
clesiarum commoditatibus et Catholicorum regam uotis attentis 
id in domino conspicit salubriter expedire sane pro parte Caris- 
simi in Christo filii nostri Jacobi Scotorum Regis illnstris nobis 
nuper exhibita peticio continebat quod alias ad supplicacionem 
prefati regis capella Regia nuncupata beate Marie et Sancti 
Michaelis intra palacium ipsius Regis opidi de Sterlyng Sancti- 
andree dyocesis in collegiatam ecclesiam et in ea inter alias 
dignitates et beneficia ecclesiastica inibi erecta Prepositura beate 
Marie de Rupe Sanctiandree que inibi dignitas principalis et de 
iure patronatus prefati Jacobi et pro tempore existentis Scotorum 
regis et preuilegio apostolico existit et ad eius meram collaci- 
onem ex eodem preuiligio pertinet in decanatum dignitatem 
inibi principalem pro uno decano qui aliis eiusdem tunc eri- 
gende ecclesie presset personis cuique cura animarum dicti 
Jacobi et pro tempore existentis Regis et Regine Scotorum et 
eorum ofBcialium et familiarium continuorum commensalium et 
familiarium eorumdem familiarium et seruorum immineret quod- 
que omnimodam jurisdictionem in omnes personas dicte eri- 
gende ecclesie pro tempore existentes haberet et dum in eadem 
beate Marie de Rupe in ilia propositus dum uero in erecta 
ecclesiis huiusmodi resideret in ea decanus foret Ita ut non due 
dignitates existerent sed una dumtaxat in qualibet dictarum 
ecclesiarum preeminenciam habens existeret apostolica autoritate 
erecta fuit. Et quia prepositus dicte ecclesie de Rupe commode 
circa curam animarum utriusque dictarum ecclesiarum in quibus 
respectiue Prepositus et Decanus existit intendere non potest 
et decanus pro tempore existens curam animarum Regis et 
R^ne predictorum habere, conueniens uidetur quod persona 
magis qualificata quam ipse decanus sit existat ; et propterea si 
statueretur et ordinaretur quod dictus prepositus dicte ecclesie 
de Rupe nunc et pro tempore existens de cetero decanus in 

Digitized by 



dicta ecclesia de Sterlyng non esset, sed venerabilis frater noster 
modemus et pro tempore existens Episcopus Candicase Episcopus 
decanus eiusdem ecclesie beate Marie existeret, profecto ex hoc 
decori et uenustati dicte ecclesie de Sterlyng magis consuleretur : 
Quare pro parte eiusdem Jacobi Begis nobis sunt humiliter sup- 
plicatum vt in premissis oportune prouidere de benignitate 
apostolica dignaremur : — Nos iGiTaB huiusmodi supplicationibus 
inclinati quod de cetero perpetuia futuris temporibus prefetus 
Prepositus dicte ecclesie de Rupe non decanus eiusdem ecclesie 
de Sterling sed solum prout ante huiusmodi erectionem Preposi- 
tus prefate ecclesie de Rupe ut prius remaneat, et ipse Episco- 
pus Candidecase nunc et pro tempore existens Decanus eiusdem 
ecclesie de Sterling existat eandemque preheminentiam et 
superioritatem in dicta ecclesia de Sterling habeat et curam 
animarum Regis et Regine ac aliarum predictorum exerceat prout 
Prepositus dicte ecclesie de Rupe dum in ipsa ecclesia de Ster- 
ling residebat iuxta tenorem litterarum apostolicarum super 
huiusmodi erectione confectarum habebat et exercebat et habere 
et exercere poterat ac eadem emolumenta ex fructibus dicte 
ecclesie erecte prout ipse prepositus percipiebat etiam vnacum 
ecclesia sua Candidecase percipere possit auctoritate apostolica 
tenore presencium statuimus et ordinamus Non obstantibus 
premissis ac constitutionibus et ordinationibus apostolicis nee- 
non ecclesiarum predictarum iuramento confirmatione apostolica 
vel quauis firmitate alia roboratis statutis et consuetudinibus 
ceterisque contrariis quibuscunque Nulli ergo omnino hominum 
liceat banc paginam nostrorum statuti et ordinationis infringere 
vel ei ausu temerario contraire Siquis autem hoc attemptare 
presumpserit indignationem omnipotentis Dei ac beatorum Petri 
et Pauli apostolorum eius se venerit incursurum Datum Rome 
apud Sanctum Petrum anno Incamationis dominice Millesimo 
quingentesimo quarto Quinto nonas Julii Poi^tificatus nostri 
anno primo. 

Digitized by 



[ffere in the oriffinal MS. ogcwtb a blank oftwepagss,] 


Julius episcopus seruus seruorum Dei Venerabfli fratri 
Archiepiscopo Sipontini et dilectis filiis de Gambuskynnet et 
Lowndoris Sanctiandree diocesis Monasteriorum Abbatibus 
salutem et apostolicam benedictionem hodie emanarunt a nobis 
littere tenoris subsequentis : 

Julius episcopus seruus seruorum Dei ad perpetuam rei me- 
moriam Bomani pontificis prouidencia circumspecta ad ea libenter 
intendit per que litibus obuietur et sue prouisionis * adminiculo 
que in concessis per eum graciis suboriri possent dubia sopiantur 
sane pro parte Carissimi in Ghristo filij nostri Jacobi Scotorum 
Begis illustris ac dilecti filii Jacobi electi Candidecase nobis 
nuper exhibita peticio continebat quod alias felicis recorda- 
cionis Alexander Pape VI, f predecessor noster ad supplica- 
tionem dicti Jacobi Begis Capellam Begiam beate Marie et 
Sancti Michaelis intra palacium J in opido de Sterling Sancti- 
andree diocesis in coUegiatam ecclesiam et in ea decanatum 
principalem et subdecanatum ac sacristiam § dignitates necnon 
certos II canonicatus et prebendas tunc expresses erigi ac certa 
beneficia ecclesiastica usque f ad certain summam tunc expres- 
sam cum cura et sine cura que de iure patronatus ipsius Begis 
et aliorum laicorum erant de consensu regis et patronorum pre- 
dictorum respectiue per quasdam uniri annecti et incorporari 

* M sua provmonis etifrdinacioTU, in Ko. 17. t Sextus for YL, in Ko. 17. 
X Palacium sitiim, in No. 17. § Sacriatam, in No. 17. 

II Certa, in No. 17. t Kajite, in No. 17. 

Digitized by 



mandauit ac decanatum subdecanatum sacnstiam * et canonicos 
ac clericos et alias personas dicte ecclesie tunc eiigenda-f et 
ipsam ecclesiam poatquam erecta foret necnon bona omnia eidem 
ecclesie tunc unita et imposterum unienda ab Archiepiscopi Nota de 
etj quorumcunque aliorum ordinariorum eorumque ofl&cialium ®?^™P^'i, 
tunc et pro tempore existentium iurisdictione superioritate arcHiepis- 
dominio ac uisitatione et correctione penitus et omnino exeunt s^^i. 
et totaliter liberauit ita ut decanus coram sede apostolica uel a^^dwe. 
delegatis § eius subdecanus uero sacrista ac canonici et persone 
ecclesie huiuamodi coram ipso decano pro tempore existente 
tenerentur de se querekntibus in iusticia respondere ac ixritum 
et inane quicquid secus super biis a quaquam || quauis auctori- 
tate scienter uel ignoranter contingeret attemptari decreuit Et 
deinde per aUas suas statuit et ordinauit quod prepositus ecclesie 
de Bupeir SanctiaQdree diocesis dum in ipsa ecclesia tunc. 
[e]recta inibi decanus et dum in ipsa ecclesia de Euppe resideret 
inibi prepositus existeret ac successiue nos per reliquas omnes 
et singulos dicti Jaoobi et pro tempore existentis Begis ac eciam 
Begine Scotorum similiter pro tempore existentis famuliares p °^j^^g 
continues commensales et eorumdem familiarum familiares ** et. 
seruitores a iurisdictione dominio et superioritate quorumcunque 
Archiepiscoporumetepiscoporum ordinariorum et ft offidalium 
suorum pro tempore existentium eximimus et totaliter liber- 
auimus ac iurisdictioni dicti decani pro tempore existentis sub- 
misimus ac statuimus et ordinauimus quod ex tunc de cetero 
dictus prepositus prefate ecclesie de Buppe non esset decanus 
dicte erecte ecclesie sed episcopus Candidecase tunc et pro tem- 
pore existens esset decanus dicte ecclesie erecte et curam ani- 
marum Begis et Begine et eorum officiaUum ac familiarium 
seruitorum ^ predictorum haberet prout prepositus dicte ecclesie 
de Buppe dum in ipsa ecclesia erecta §§ residebat juxta tenorem 
litterarum Alexandri predecessoris habebat ac exercere poterat 

• Saerigtam, in No. 17. t Brigende, in No. 17. 

t ArMq^ueopi Sanetiandree ae, in No. 17. § DelegcUus, in Na 17. 

Quoqtutin, in No. 17. H R^ippe, in No. 17. 

*• Famuliar€9, in No. 17. ft JSt, omitted in No. 17. 

tt JU mruitorum, in No. 17. §§ In ipaa eredaeccUna, in No. 17. 

Digitized by 



eademque emolumenta ex fructibos dicte ecclesie erecte prout 
ipse Prepositus percipiebat eciam* vnacum ecclesia Oandidecase 
reciperef posset et nouissime per alias nostras litteras de frat- 
rum nostrorum consilio eciam ad requisicionein prefati Regis 
Episcopiu statuimus et ordinanimus quod ipse Episcopus Gaudidecase j pro 
^^^^^ tempore existens denominetur Episcopus Capelle Eegie Ster- 
minetor lingensis et gaudeat omnibus priuilegiis jurisdictionibus et 
c»p^B^ indultis quibus ipse Episcopus Candidecase vt decanus dicte 
regie Stri- ecclesie Capelle Eegie iuxta priuilegia desuper concessa gaudere 
posset prout m smgiuis littens predictis dicitur plenms contmen 
cum autem sicut eadem peticio subiungebat licet per prefatum 
Alexandrum predecessorem omnia et singula bona dicte erecte 
ecclesie a jurisdictione ordinaria exempta et perrochiales§ ecclesie 
de jure patronatus ipsius Begis et aliorum laicorum patronorum 
de illorum consensu respectiue eidem erecte ecclesie uigore 
litterarum Alexandri predecessoris cum omnibus iuribus et per- 
tinenciis suis unite fuerunt ipsaque vnio effectum sortita extiterit 
ad ipsumque Episcopum cura animarum Regis et Regine ac 
famuliarum|| et aliorum predictorum pertineat Tamen ab 
aliquibus reuocatur indubium an ipse episcopus Candidecase et 
capelle regie jurisdictionem ordinariam super ecclesias par- 
rochiales et illarum parrochianos exercere et iura ordinaria 
eciam f uneralia a perochianis f et famuliaribus ac aliis predictis 
cure ipsius Episcopi vt decano dicte ecclesie erecte vt prefertur 
commissis illis pro tempore decedentibus habere possit pro parte 
Jacobi regis et Jacobi electi predictorum asserencium equum 
uideri ab eodem episcopo ab illis temporalia recipi deberi ** qui- 
bus spiritualia ministrant ipsosque Regem et Reginam pro 
tempore eorumque famuliares "f^* et seruitores ac parrochialium 
ecclesiarum parrochianos ad temporalia per eas ante erectionem 
ac vnionem parrochialium ecclesiarum huiusmodi solui solita post 
erectionem etvnionem huiusmodi eidemepiscopo soluendijf teneri 
nobis fuit humiliter supplicatum vt in premissis et ad toUendas 

• Edam, omitted in No. 17. t Percipere, in No. 17. 

t Candidecasief in No. 17. § ParrochialeSf in No. 17. 

II Familiarum, in No. 17. IT Farrochiania, in No. 17. 

•* Debertf in No. 17. tt FamUiares, in No. 17. tt Soluendam, in No. 17. 

Digitized by 



contenciones que premissonim occasione inter prefatum Epis- 
copum Oandidecase et capelle Begie nunc et pro tempore exis- 
tentem et * alios locorum ordinarios seu parrochialium ecclesi- 
aruiD Bectores exoriri possent oportune prouidere de benignitate 
apostolica dignaremur Kos igitur prefatum Jacobum Electum 
a quibuscimque excommunicacionis suspensionis et interdicti ^ota.— 
aliisque ecdesiasticis sentenciis censuris f et penis a iure vel ab dictioue' 
homine quaiiis occasione vel causa latis siquibus quomodolibet 
innodatos existit ad effectum presencium dumtaxat consequen- 
dum harum serie absoluentes et absolutum fore censentes huius- 
modi supplicacionibus inclinati auctoritate apostolica tenore 
presencium decemimus et declaramus quod prefatus Jacobus 
Electus et pro tempore existens Episcopus Gandidecase| Capelle 
Begie omnia et singula predicta ac alia iura quacumque eciam Nota.---De 
f uneralia in parrochiales ecclesias unitas et alias predictas ac ^^^ 
illarum parrochianos officiales famuliares et seruitores prefatos 
que rectores predictanmi eidem erecte ecclesie vnitarum et 
aliarum ecclesiarum infra quarum parrochias Begem et Beginam 
ac eorum officiales famulares § et seruitores cure et iurisdictioni 
dicti Episcopi Candidecase et Capelle Begie commissas || vt pre- 
fertur pro tempore decedere contigerit vt alii ordinarii locorum 
ab eisdem Begeet Begina et eorumf ofl&cialibus et familiarum** 
familiaribus et seruitoribus predictis ac si ipsi sub cura et iuris- 
dictioue dicti Episcopi Candidecase et Capelle Begie et ipse par- de fiine- 
rochiales ecclesie eidem erecte ecclesie vnite non essent petere "^^^* 
et exigere possent recipere que et habere ac exigere et omni- 
modam iurisdictionem in parrochiales ecclesias vnitas et alias Epkcopiis 
predictas ac parrochianosff officiales famiUares et seruitores pre- ^°^ ^ 
fatos exercere possit et debeat Non obstantibus premissis ac omnimo- 
apostolicis necnon in prouincialibus et sinodalibus Conciliis dlSkionem 
editis generalibus uel specialibus constitucionibus et ordina- dicte ca- 
cionibus necnon omnibus iUis que in nostris volumus ac Alex- dianim 

ander predecessor prefatus in suis litteris predictis uoluit non ^^^^lesi- 

r r r 2xum vni- 

* Ac, in No. 17. t Centuris, omitted in No. 17. t Candidecase et, in No. 17. quando 
§ FamiUares, in No. 17. II Cammissos, in No. 17. ' presena 

IT Eorum, omitted in No. 17. ** Ac familiarium, in No. 17. 

ft Por— at this point No. 17 stops, one folio of the original wanting. 

Digitized by 


88 moGnsTBUH 

obstare ceterisque oontiariis quibuscimque Nnllf opgo onmino 
hominum liceat banc paginam nostre absolucioHis decreti et 
dedaracionid infringere nel ei aosu temeraiio odxtudre Siqnis 
autem hoc atbemptare piesumpsent indignacionem ommpotentiB 
Dei ac beatomni Petri et Pauli Apostalorom eius Be noneont 
incurstiram Datum Borne apud Sanottiin petrom Anno IncarncH- 
cionis dominice Milleaimo qningentesimo oetauo sexto Idte 
Septembris pontificatus nostri Anno quinto. 

Quocirca discrecioni nestre per apostolica scripta* mandamns 
qnatinns nos ud dno ant vntim uestrum per noB vel alimn seu 
alios litteras predictas ac omnia et singula in eis cont^tal xM. 
et quando expedient ae qnociens pro parte Jacobi Begid et 
Jacobi Electi seu pro tempore Episcopi Gandide^case et capelle 
B^e predictonun super hoc fueritis requisiti soiemniter pubfi* 
cantes ac eisdem Jacobo Begi et Jaeobo electo ae pro ttaipov^ 
Episcopo Candidecase et capelle Begie in premissis efficaoiB de^ 
fensionis presidio assistentes faciatis litteras et in eis oositenta 
huiusmodi inuiolabiliter obseruari non permittentes eundem 
Jacobum electum et pro tempore Episcopi Candidecase et eapelle 
regie existente super illis per quoscumque cuiusounque stdtns 
uel condictionis fuerint contra tenorem litterarum pfredictarum 
^uomodolibet molestari Contradictores per censuram ecclesiasti- 
cam appellacione postposita compescendo non obstantibus pie 
memorie Bonifacii Pape vni eciam predecessoris nostri quo inter 
alia cauetur ne quis extra suas ciuitatem et diooesim nisi in cer* 
tis exceptis casibus et in illis ultra vnam dietam a fine sue dio-^ 
cesis ad indicium reuocetur seu ne indices It sede predida 
deputati fuerint contra quoscimque procedere aut alii vel aliis 
uices suas committere presumimt et duabus dietis in consilid 
generali edita dummodo ultra tres dietas aliquis auctoritate pre- 
sencium non trahitur ac aliis constitucionibus et ordinacionibua 
apostolicis necnon omnibus supradictis aut si aliquibus eom- 
muniter uel diuisim ab eadem sit sede indultum quod interdiei 
suspendi vel excommunicari non possint per litteras apostolicas 
non facientes plenam etexpressam ac de verbo ad uerbum de 
indulto huiusmodi mencionem Datum Bome apud Sanctum 
petrum Anno Incarnacionis dominice Millesimo quingente- 

Digitized by 



simo octauo B&to kkis Septenirbm Pontdfioatus nostri anno 

lA blank of one page and ahal/in oriffiruU.] 

17. Bulla sxjtm fuk^aLu jtjra EcctESiA&TiCA irt iUJEtidtHO 


Jvum SPIS00FU8 BEBWB sravoRTHf IM ad peipetoam lei 
tnemoriam Bomani Pontifiek prouidencia circtungpecta [etc. as 
incorpoTated in No. 16^ under which the yariations axe noted. 

No. 17 is imperfect, through the lofts of one folio of the ori* 
ginal MS.^ and closes with " ac par-" as noted in No. 16.] 

18. SuBSEQurruE tenot erectionis vicarie eccledie de Creyf per FoL so. 
lecte audite et postea judiclaliter et recongnite ac per dominum 
Ninianum Spotiswoid archidiaconum capelle Begie Striuelingen* 
sis et dominum Willelmum Aitoune Bectorem de Banue testes 
in scriptis huiusmodi erectione insertos legittime. probata Qui 
Tero testes tempore promulgacionis iudiciaUs dicte erectionis 
per quondam Magistrum Dauid Abercutnbby iudicem ac eiusdem 
capelle Begie subdicanum prb tribunali sedentem sentencialiter 
late presentes fuerunt ac tenorem continenciam dicte erectionis 
sufficienter, probauerulit verum eciam Magistrum Willehnum 
Dennestoun notarium et scribam tunc temporis niemorati quon^ 

Digitized by 



dam judicis in dicta erectione reoongnoueront Propterea Beuer^ 
endus in Christo pater Henricus miseratione diuina prenominate 
capelle et Candidecase Episcopus pro tribunali sedens confrat- 
rum suorum consilio canonicorum aut saltern maiorum partis 
eorum capitulariter in loco capitulari capitnlariter congregati et 
imperpetue rei memoriam eandem erectionem per dominum 
Johannem Lambert prebendarum prelibate capelle ac scribam 
predicti capituli regestrari et in libris regestrorum sepedicte 
capelle inscribi et imponi mandauit ordinauit et decreuit primo 
die mensis Decembris Anno Domini Millesimo quingentesimo 
tricesimo septimo. 

In Dei Nomine Amen Per hoc presens publicum Instrument 
tum cunctis pateat euidenter quod anno Incamacionis dominice 
Millesimo quingentesimo vndecimo mensis vero Mercii die 
quinto indictione decima quinta pontificatus Sanctissimi in 
Christo patris et domini nostri domini Julij diuina prouidencia 
pape secundi anno nono In mei notarii publici et testium 
subscriptorum presencia sedente pro tribunali venerabili et 
egregio viro Magistro Dauid Abbercrummy officiali principaU 
Candidecase et Capelle Begie Striuelingensis ac eiusdem capeUe 
regie subdicano comparuerunt personaliter in iudicio discretus 
vir dominus Johannes Broune vicarius pensionarius perpetuus 
ecclesie parrochialis de Creyf in Stratheme actor ab yna Et 
domini Willelmus Sterheid et Johannes Goldsmyth canonic! 
dicte capelle Regie ac prebendarij eiusdem ecclesie de Creyf rei 
partibus ab altera dictis prebendariis prius ad hoc legitime 
citatis tanquam in termino per dictum Judicem assignato ad 
augmentandam pensionem annuam dicti vicarij Quequid pensio 
vt idem vicarius asseruit erat nimie exigua perua et exilis sic 
quod de eadem commode se sustentari non valuit Idem vero 
vicarius ad suam intencionem roborandam duas in iudicio 
produxit scripturas vnam videlicet subscriptam manu propria 
excellentissimi principis et domini nostri domini Jacobi quarti 
Scotorum regis illustrissimi ac in margine eiusdem cum illo 
uerbo — Rex. Alteram vero manu propria reuerendi in Christo 
patris et domini domini Dauid miseracioni diuina Candidecase 
et capelle Regie Striuelingensis Episcopi subscriptam Duarum 

Digitized by 



qnidem scripturarum tenores sequuntur et sunt tales: — ^Bex. — ^We 

as patrone of the kyrk of Greyf gyffis ouyr foH txmsent and 

assent be tliir ouyr Istferes tiha;t the bischop of ouyr chapel rial 

erec and mak the vicar pensione of the sayd kyrk equauilent to 

the vtheris vicaris pensionarys of the kyrkys of Balmaclellene 

Suthwyth and Kellys vnit erectit to ouyr sayd chapel wyth ane 

manse zard and gleyb of twa akaris of the kyrk land of Greyf 

callyt for nixt adiacent to the sayd kyrk to the sustentacione 

of the vicar therof to serue the cuyr payand procuragis and 

synnagis and mak the dene Eurale expensys in visitacion as 

efferys and ordanys that this be done be the bischop of onyr 

chapel Byel and official tharof be tharis dyscrecionys the 

quantyte of the cuyr beyng consyderit Subscriuit wyth our 

hand at Edynbrugh the xxv daye of , September and of our 

reng the xxiujo^ zeir £t sequitur subscripcio manualis. Bex 

James. Schyr officiate forsamekyll as the viciarage of the kyrk of 

Creyf is nocht contenyt in the erectioun of our souerane lordis 

chapel Jiale as the layf of the vicaragis that ar incorporat tharto 

is tharfor that ze assyngne and mak our vicar of Greyf als 

mekyU zeyrly to his pensioun of the fructis o the said vicarage 

to sustene hym and serue the cuyr as ony of the vicaragis of 

Balmaclelen Suchwych or Kellis has wyth ane manse zard and 

gleib and tua akaris of the kyrk land callyt For nixt adiacent 

to the sayd kyrk wyth certane gress sovmes for gudyng of the 

said gleib accordyng to the extent of the said kyrkland he 

payand of the samyn zerly procurage and synage aucht and 

wount and makand the deyue rurale expense quhen he vesiis 

the sayd kyrk alanerlye for our souerane lordys patroun of the 

sayd kyrk of Greyf has consentyt heirto and commendit ws to 

hys writtingis to do the samyn keip this our mandment for 

zour warand and cause the samyn to be fulfyllyt sa that we 

heir na complant tharof in tymys cuming. Subscriuit wyth our 

hand at Edinbrugh the v day of March the zer of God 1™ v® 

xi yeris. £t sequitur subscripcio manualis dicti Episcopi D. 

Gandidecase et capelle Begie Striuelingensis Episcopus. Qui- 

busquidem scripturis in iudicio coram partibus publice perlectis 

et ostensis dictus vicarius instanter a ludice postulauit vt aug- 

Digitized by 




mentacionem sue annue pensionis dicte vicarie perpetae secun- 
dum tenorem dictarum duarum scripturarum procedere dignaie* 
tur attenia maxime quod per dictos prebeudarioa nulla laoiona- 
bills tarn fuerat in iudicio alligata quare huiusmodi augmentacio 
fieri non deberei Dominus vero Index antedictua inspectis deli^ 
genter dictis duabus scripturis et fundacione prefate capelle 
£egie StriuelingensiB in illo presertim posse vbi agitur de erec- 
tione vicariarum perpetuarum et eorumdem pencionibus annuis 
ecclesiarum parrochialium de Suchwich Kellis et Balm^ellane. 
pertinendum ad dictam capellam regiam pensionem annnam 
dicte vicarie peipetue de Cieif in modo qui sequitur Augmen- 
tauit et ordinauit videlicet quod vicarius perpetuus eiusdem 
ecclesie de Creif in Stratheme qui pro tempore fuerit deincepa 
habeat annuatim pro perpetuis temporibus futuris de fructibaa 
ipsius ecclesie de Creif pro sua sustentacione et omnibus suppor-» 
tandis vnde commode viuere valeat viginti quatu(ur marcas 
vsuaUs monete Begni Scocie et duas acras arrabiles viciniorea 
dicte ecclesie de villa que For nuncupatur pertinentes ad eandem 
ecclesiam ortiunque et domos edificatas vna cum pastura ani- 
malium suorum secundum congruenciam earundem dictarunx 
acrarum et cum focalibus competentibus in moris et marreaiia 
eiusdem ville. Et preterea quod prefatus vicarius qui pro tem* 
pore fuit sic deinceps perpetuus temporibus futuris astrictua ad 
soluendum annuatim Episcopo ordinario loci procuraciones debi* 
tas et consuetas pro <dicta ecclesia pecunias sinodales et expensaa 
ordinarias decano christianitatis qui pro tem^re dictam ecdeaiam 
de Creif in Strathem et eius parrochia annuatim viaitaueriL £t 
quod solucio pensionis quo ad prefatas xxii\j<>' marcas fieri 
deberet dicto vicario de Creif qui pro tempore fuerit ad quatuor 
anni terminos vsuales porciones equales annuatim leuandas ex 
fructibus dicte ecclesie de Creif videlicet in festiuitatibus Inuen- 
donis Sancte Crucis Sancti Petri qui ad uincula didtur Omnium 
Sanctorum et Purificadonis nostre domine. Super quibus omni- 
bus et singulis premissis prefatus dominus Johannes Brovn 
vicarius pensionarius perpetuus dicte ecdesie parrochialis de 
Creif in Stratheme a me notario publico subscripta dbi fieri 
peciit presens publicum Instrumentum sen publica Instnunenta 

Digitized by 



Tnnm vel pltua. Acta eranrt hec in capella Tegia prope opidum 
de Edinburgh sita in loco consistoriali eiosdem hora quasi duo- 
decima ante meridiefm yd eo circa sub anno die mense Indie- 
tione eft pontificatu quibus supra presentibus ibidem discretis 
viris et dominis Niniano Spottiswode archidiaoono prefate 
capeUe regie Striuelingensis Johanne Tod Alexandre Painter 
Willelmo Atkyn Kycholaio Buchane capeUanis. Jacobo AiTc- 
man burgensi de Edinbrugh Johanne Abercrumfoy <et Alexandso 
Bamsay cum diuersis aliis testibus ad premisea vocatis pariter 
et rogatis. 

(Sd.) J. Prymroib. 

19. Ans index of rights of the Ohappell and of their Bulls 

or patents. 

L Processus super erectione ecclesise collegiatse de Sterling. 
The erection of the Chapell, . . . , FoL 1. 

2. Confirmatio erectionis. A confirmation theirof . Fol. 9. 

3. Conseruatoria ecclesise collegiatsd de Sterling. A conserva- 

torie Bull theirof, FoL 14. 

4 Ynio ecclesiae de Elirkinner. The vnion of Elirkinner to the 

Chappell, FoL 16. 

Constitutio procuraiorum ad prsoetandum consensum rectoris 

vnioni de Kirkinner et ad resignandum post vnionem 

factam, FoL 23. 

Confirmatio erectionis de Elirkinner, . . . FoL 27. 

5. Vnio fructuum de Greiff Dunbar Ellam, Bute Balmaclellan, 

etc., FoL 19. 

6. Commissio ad erigendam Thesaurariam et decern canonicatus 

et prsebendas. Commission for erection of the thesaurer 
and mo prsebenderis, FoL 25. 

7. Applicatio fructuum de Air, Eincardin Creiif and Pettie 

Brachley, FoL 28. 

8. Bulla si in euidentem, FoL 32. 

9. Conseruatoria de Air, Kincardin Creiff, etc., . FoL 34. 

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10. A registre of ornaments and books perteining to the Chap- 

pell, FoL 35. 

11. Priuelegium familiarium regis et reginse, . . Fol. 41. 

12. Mutatio decani. The transferring of the Deanrie to the 

Bishop of Gralloway. 

13. A patent of the Deanes iurisdiction ouer all the vnited 

kirks, FoL 47. Confirmation of it, . . Fol. 44. 

14. Erectio vicariee ecclesia de Creiflf. 

Besyde these conteiued in this registre there are eleuen 

I . S • 6 • 5 . 
T H 

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Grant to the Chapel Eoyal by the Regent, 
Duke of Albany. 

Pp. xi., xii — In the text we have omitted to refer to a grant 
to the Chapel Royal by the Regent Albany. On the 26tb June 
1407, the Regent granted half an annual rent of twenty marks 
of the lands of Craggroth for the sustenance of a chaplain in the 
Chapel of Michael the Archangel at Stirling Castle, where 
masses might be said for his own soul, the souls of his two 
wives, Margaret and Muriel, and their children, and also for the 
souls of the kmgs of Scotland, since King Robert the Bruce. 
We subjoin the original instrument, from the Register of the 
Great Seal : 

"Carta pro capellano fundato in Castro de Striuelyne. 

" Robertus, dux Albanie, comes de Fyfe et de Menteth, ac gub- 
emator regni Scocie omnibus probis hominibus tocius regni 
predict! clericis et laicis salutem. Sciatis nos dedisse concessisse 
et hac presenti carta nostra confirmasse pro salute animarum 
excellentissimorum principum bone memorie Roberti et David 
de Bruys Roberti senescalli progenitoris nostri et Roberti senes- 
calli fratris nostri quondam regum Scocie ac eciam pro salute 
anime nostre et animarum Margarete et Murielle uxorum nos- 
trarum et prolum nostrarum ac antecessorum et successorum 
nostrorum ac omnium fidelium defunctorum Deo et beate Marie 
virgini et beato Michali Archangelo ac uni capellano divina cele- 
braturi et imperpetuum celebraturo in capella beati Michaelis 
Archangeli infra castrum de Striuelyne situata decem marcas 
annualis redditus annuatim levandas et recipiendas de annuo 

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redditu yiginti marcarum exeunte de terris de Cragortht cum 
pertinenciis jacentibus infra yicecomitatum de Striuelyne per 
manus tenencium et inhabitancium earundem : Tenendas et 
Labendas ac percipienda^ dictas .decem m^rcas annuatim ad 
duos anni terminos penthecostes Tid^icet et Santi Martini in 
yeme per porciones equales predicto capellano et successoribus 
sxiis qui pro tempore fuerint in liberam puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam ad manum mortuam imperpetuam cum omnibus 
libertatibus commoditatlbus et aysiamentis ac iustis pertinenciis 
quibuscunque ad dictum annuum redditum spectantibus sea 
iuste spectare valentibus in futumm adeo libere et quiete 
plenarie integre honorifice bene et in pace in omnibiis et jper 
x>mnia sicut aliqua elemo8ina infra regnum Scocie per aliquenp. 
X^onceditm* sine datur. Volumus eciam ^ concedimus quod 
quandocunque et quocienscunque dictum capellanum qui pro 
.tempore fuerit decedere contigerit sen ex aliqua causa r&- 
xdonalibi (sic) a dicta capellania ammoveri extunc nos vel 
Jheredes nosti:;! qui pro tempore fuerint infra jnens^m a 
tempore vacacionis huiusmodi alium capellanum ydoneum 
.domino episcopo Sanctiandree vel ^iu^ vic^rio .geneirfJi sede 
yacante debite presentent admittendum pro salute pmpuipi aa- 
nimarum predictarum in capella beati Michaelis supradicta pro 
perpetuo celebcatarum. £t quandocunque dictum capeUaoma 
iiui pro tempore fuerit .ad aliquod ^liud beneficiuip ecdeaiasti- 
iCuiQ contigerit promoveri atatim postquam iUud perceperit ^igi 
.obtinuerit dicta oapi^llania yacabit Insuper yplumns <st per pi^- 
^entes ordinamns quod si dictus annuus redditns dooem mBst^ 
qarum dicto capellano qui pro .t^n^pore fuerit ad dictos ,terpiinQ3 
j)ene est prompts annuatim no];i sqluant, licet »t^nc eidem 
iCi^pellaAO sine licencia aUcuiys woifltri predict^ tezraa da 
Craggrotht distringeiie et namare quousqu^ de dicte animo r)ed- 
ditu plenarie fuerit satisfactum nichil iude faqi^n^o dictus 
capellanus et successores sui nobis et Jnoredibus nostril qui 
juro tempore fuerint nisi miasam cotidi^ cum disposiU fu^rin); 
in capeUa supradicta et ora^ionum suffragia devotarum pro 
.omni alio servicio seculari exaccione sen demanda que de dicti 
annuo redditu decem marcarum aliqualiter exigi poterunt vel 

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requirL In cuius rei testimonium presenti carte nostre sigillum 
officii nostri apponi fecimus : Testibus revei*endo in Ghristo patre 
Gilberto episcopo Abirdonensi cancellario Scocie Eoberto senes- 
callo primogenito carissimi filii nostri et heredis Murdaci senes- 
calli militis Jobanne Senescallo filio nostro domino Bucbanie 
Alexandro Senescallo comite de Marr et de Garvyacb nepote 
nostro Jobanne Senescallo domino de Lome Willelmo de Ertbt 
militibus domino Donaldo de Bute decano Dunblanensi et 
Andrea de Hawyk secretario nostro apud Pertb vicesimi sexti 
Die mensis Junii anno domini millesimo cccc™® septimo et guber- 
nacionis nostre anno secundo." * 


Pbesentation by James V. op Treasurership of the Chapel 
EoYAL TO Mr Andrew Durib. 

P. liv. — We bere find tbe celebrated Jobn Mair or Major in 
1518-22 bolding tbe offices of canon and treasurer of tbe Cbapel 
Royal of Stirling. Since tbe text was printed we have fallen 
upon an entry in tbe Register of the Privy Seal, which shows 
that in prospect of his demission Mr Andrew Dury or Durie was 
by James V. presented to tbe treasurership. The instrument 
of gift, dated at Glasgow on the 1st June 1520, is directed to 
David [Arnot], Bishop of Galloway, and of the Chapel Royal, 
who is instructed to confer on the presentee ordinary collation. 
It proceeds thus : 

"Presentacio magistri Andree Dury directa reuerendo in 
Christo patri David episcopo Candidecase et capelle regie Striuel- 
ingensis, ad conferendum coUacionem ordinariam super thesau- 
raria dicte capelle regie cum eam vacare contigerit per resigna- 
cionem sen dimissionen magistri Johannis Mair theologie profes- 
soris vltimi thesaurarii et possessoris eiusdem ad presentacionem 
supremi domini nostri regis ac dispositionem reuerendi in Christo 
patris, etc., ac coUacionem ordinariam dicti reuerendi patris 
spectante, etc. Apud Glasgow primo die mensis Junii anno 

* Reg. Mag. Sig. Rot, xL 22, 

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etc., XX et regni regis septimo. Gratis domino cancellario. Per 
signaturam manu dicti domini cancellarii subscriptam.* 

Dury or Durie was appointed Abbot of Melrose in 1526 ; he 
obtained the bishopric of Galloway and Deanery of the Chapel 
Royal in 1 541. When on the 3d July 1541 he was recommended 
to the Pope as successor to Bishop Wemyss in the see of Gal- 
loway, the king's letter stipulates, " that according to ancient 
custom, the Deanery of the Chapel Royal and the Abbey of 
Tungland should continue united to the bishoprick, but that 
Durie should resign Melrose, retaining a pension of 1000 marks 
from its rents, and the usufruct of Mauchline and the surround- 
ing fields." Consequent on the mob breaking the image of St 
Giles during a procession in honour of that saint, which took 
place at Edinburgh on the 1st September 1 558, Durie became 
so overwhelmed that he died soon afterwards. By Knox and 
Calderwood he is denounced as profane and licentious, and is 
further described as having asserted that the Gospel would not 
be preached in Scotland so long as he and his Episcopal col- 
leagues survived (Knox's History, 105; Calderwood, i. 332). 
Bishop Dury was son of John Dury of that Ilk, in the county of 
Fife, and brother of George Dury, Archdeacon of St Andrews, 
a canonised saint of the Church of Rome. To their uncle. 
Archbishop James Beaton, both brothers owed their preferments 
(Chalmers' History of Dunfermline, i. 198 ; Brunton and Haig's 
Senators of the College of Justice, pp. 67, 68). 


Appointment of James Campbell as a Musician in the 
Chapel Eoyal. 

Pp. liv., V. — A contemporary of Alexander Paterson, the 
sacristan, and of Eoland Carmichael, musician in the Chapel, 
has yet to be named. In the Eegister of the Privy Seal (vii., 
fol. 57), under the year 1527, is the following entry : 

" Ane lettre to James Campbell makand him singar in the 
* Reg. Sec. Sig., lib. v., fol. 144. 

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kingis chapell riall, and to haue for his sendee thairin xx^**, to be 
pait be the thesaurar for his lyftyme, or quhill he be promovit to 
j« "^ of benefice, etc. At Edinburgh, the first day of Maij and 
of the Kingis regno the xiiij [zeir], 

" Per Signaturara, etc" 


John Taylor, the Water Poet's Visit to Edinburgh. 

Pp. cxxviii., cxxix. — John Taylor was at Edinburgh in the 
autumn of 1618, the year subsequent to the restoration of the 
Abbey Church, on the occasion of King James's visit. " I was," 
he writes, " at his Majesty's Palace, a stately and princely seat, 
wherein I saw a sumptuous chapel, most nobly adorned with 
all the appurtenances belonging to so sacred a place, or so royal 
an owner. In the inner court I saw the king's arms cunningly 
carved in stone, and fixed over a door aloft on the wall, the red 
lion being in the crest, over which was written this inscription 
in Latin, 'Nobis hcec invida miserunt, 106 proavi' I inquired 
what the English of it was ? It was told me as foUoweth : 
* 106 forefathers have left this to ics, unconqueredJ The poet then 
indulges in some poetical reflections on the virtues of a nation 
which could boast such honours. (See "The Penmless Pil- 
grimage," in Taylor's Works, 1872, pp. 31, 32.) 


Letter of Lord Binning to James VI. 

Pp. cxxvi.-cxxix. — ^Thomas Hamilton, created in 1613 Lord 
Binning and Byres, afterwards Earl of Melrose, and latterly Earl 
of Haddington, became President of the Privy Council in 1616. 
The following extract from a letter, addressed by him to the 
king, on the 4th February 1618, would seem to show how 
(doubtless under Laud's counsel) James VI. had already deter- 
mined that members of the Privy Council should give com- 
pulsory attendance on episcopal service in the Chapel Eoyal : 

'' Most Sacred Souerane, ... I signified to the counsell 

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your maiesties pleasour anent their repairing to Bermon vpoun 
the Soandayes to your maiesties chapell of Halyrudhows, which 
they ar uilling to do, and wald haue done alreddie, if the 
Bischop of Gallowayes heavie seiknes had not hindered him to 
preache this tyme bygane. He promeisis to aduerteis the 
counseil when his recouerie sail enable him to preache, and 
they to resort to it as your maiestie hes commanded. . . . 



Mr James Law's Mission to London. 

Pp. cxlviii.-cl. — The following letter, addressed " To the King, 
his most excellent Maiestie," is No. 104 of a volume of the 
Balfour MSS. in the Advocates Library, with the press mark, 
33, 3, 12. Written by Mr James Law, treasurer of the Chapel 
Koyal, and representative at court of its dean and chapter, the 
letter refers to a proposal of the king " touching another pur- 
pose" made in the royal audience chamber, and respecting which 
the writer had subsequently received a vague and mysterious 
mission. In imitation of the court. Law expresses himself 
mysteriously; but in the light of past resolutions and occur- 
rences, it is obvious that James was willing to grant the prayer 
of his memorial, on the condition that his constituents gave 
effect to the court views, by introducing into the chapel Anglican 
rites. Law's request for a further interview would doubtless be 
granted, unless apprehension was entertained by the impecuni- 
ous sovereign that the treasurer would insist on immediate 
payment of his travelling costs. Mr Law's letter proceeds : 

* As the members of the Privy Council and Officers of State were 
directly amenable to the sovereign, they were selected as the first victims 
of despotic power. To Laud, as the son of a Berkshire silk mercer, it 
must have been intensely gratifying, that, in his capacity of domestic 
chaplain to the weakest prince in Europe, he could, with some hope of 
success, command the nobles of an ancient and unconquered kingdom to 
submit to his authority. Extravagantly loyal as the Scots are, it is to be 
remarked that in religious concerns they have not since the Reformation 
stooped to despotic rule. — (State Papers of Thomas, Earl of Melros, Abbots- 
ford Club, 1837, ii. 626.) 

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"Most Sacred and Gratious Soveraigne, — In your maiesties 
audience at Windsore, vpon the sext day of Julij last bypast, 
wher I wes gratiouslie hard in the efifairs of your maiesties 
Chapell Boyall some litle twiching ane other purpose wes 
expressed, and vpon the mome by wreat supplied, yet not so 
cleerlie, bot that it is more then neidfull some farder wer hard 
for detecting that which is evill, and proponing that which no 
doubt may prove profitable for pace in the church, and per- 
petuall stre^thning your sacred maiestie and most hopefull suc- 
cessioun; so that now I most hairtilie wisch and desyre yet 
once again on my bended knees to offer vp old mit, new stampt, 
wnto your heighnesse grave consideration, that the same being 
put to tryell may (efter your maiesties princelie censure) prove 
no les fyned from impuritie then offerred with sinceritie. Not 
doubting bot when your maiestie will be pleased to call for me 
to court, ordour will be takin that I receave some reasonable 
suppUe for my better addresse ther. 

" Efter my dispatch in the effairs of your maiesties Boyall 
Chapell, for expeding the same, I reteired my selff home, to my 
no small expenss, wher wee receave a vehement opposition of 
some to whom ar trusted the manadging of your maiesties rents, 
who, vpon plausible reasones and weak pretences (bot fra ther 
own privat respects), labour in the very cradill to extinguisch 
that laudable work. In which case I can sufficientlie verefie 
against them all that these proceidings do least tend to the 
hurt of the crown rent or lieges ; and will not be infeebled, bot 
think my self more then happie, if your maiestie, considdering 
the equitie of the cans, by your own sacred hand erecting that 
Godlie work, winn to your maiestie immortall gloir. So creave- 
ing pardon for that wherin I may haue offended, I beseech 
Almichtie Gk>d to bUsse your maiestie with all manor of hap- 

" Your maiesties most humble and obedient servand, 

(Signed) " Mr Jahes Law. 

" Edinburgh, 

"14 August 1623." 

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The Eiot at Holyboodhouse on the 10th December 1688, 


John Wallace. 

Pp. ccxliii. — The wrecking of the Abbey Church in December 
1688, attended as it was with a bold defence by Captain Wal- 
lace, who, on behalf of the Government of James VII., held 
Holyroodhouse by an anned force, forms a not unimportant 
episode in the national history. As the subject has no;t hitherto 
been referred to fuUy in any connected narrative, we have 
thought of supplementing what is stated in the text by a 
detailed relation. It is convenient to adduce, in the first in- 
stance, an account of the occurrence drawn up by Colin, Earl 
of Balcarres, and transmitted by that nobleman to the dethroned 
sovereign at St Germains. His lordship writes : 

" The night after he [the Earl of Perth] left Edinburgh, the 
rabble met in great numbers in the streets ; George Stirling, an 
apothecary, and Mr Menzies, a merchant, to inflame them, made 
drums beat through all quarters of the town; the inhabi- 
tants came running out of their houses to know the cause of so 
sudden an alarm, were met by those posted by Mr Stirling and 
Menzies, who told them they had good reasons to believe the 
Papists designed that night to bum the town — that therefore 
all good Protestants should arm and meet for their own defence. 
After they had assembled all they could, and seeing no appear- 
ance of any danger, they began to tire ; one of them proposed 
that it was a pity so many honest men should meet without 
doing something worthy of themselves, and that it would please 
and satisfy all good Protestants if they should go and pull 
down the Popish chapel of the abbey. The proposal took, 
and, as ever in such tumultuous meetings, all cried * Agreed ; ' 
men and boys mingled together in confusion. Captain John 
Wallace was then in your Majesty's palace, with 120 men, 
raised by the Council to defend it. When he saw them ap- 
proaching he sent a sergeant to desire them to retire — that 
otherwise he should be obliged to do his duty, and fire upon 

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them. This they did not regard, so he gave them a volley of 
firelocks, which killed about a dozen and wounded others. 
Upon the first fire they ran, and the noise was industriously 
spread by the Lords and Gentlemen, sitting at the same time 
at their meetings, that Captain Wallace had made a butchery of 
the inhabitants ; and, to inflame the more, it was asserted that 
few of any consideration in the town but had children killed ; 
this brought all to meet, and they were joined by the discon- 
tented Lords and Gentlemen, who resolved to go altogether to 
attack Captain Wallace. One of them proposed, since what 
they were going to do might afterwards be challenged, and they 
brought to trouble, that some of their number should be sent to 
the Marquis of AthoU, to desire him to give them a warrant for 
what they intended, and likewise that lie, with some other 
Councillors, might order the Magistrates' concurrence* 

" At their desire his Lordship, Viscount of Tarbat,* and the 
Earl of Breadalbane, signed them a warrant, and ordered the 
heralds and pursuivants to attend them, to summon Captain 
Wallace, in the King's name, to deliver up the palace. The town 
company, commanded by Captain Graham, marched first ; next 
the discontented Gentlemen (the chief of them were Sir James 
Montgomery, William Lockhart, Eiccarton, Drummond, Lord 
Mersington, William Drummond, Clerk to the Artillery, Living- 
stone) ; next the Provost and all the magistrates in their robes, 
accompanied by a mob of several thousands. When they came 
near the Abbey, the Magistrates sent the heralds and trumpets 
with the Marquis's warrant and order to Captain Wallace to quit 
the place, which he positively refused, as the order was not from 
a full quorum of the Council Upon his refusal, they began to 
fire at each other, and the Gentlemen and Magistrates got behind 
cover, and left Captain Graham with the trained bands and 
rabble to dispute the matter. Captain Graham left them, and 
got into the court by a back way, which, when Captain Wallace 
knew, and saw himself like to be attacked before and behind, 
he retired and forsook his post. When his men missed him, 
they threw down their arms and begged quarter. The Gentle- 
* Afterwords Earl of Cromarty. 

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men and rabble, when they saw all danger over, rushed in upon 
them, killed some and put the rest in prison, where many of 
them died of their wounds and hunger. The rabble, having 
nothing to resist them, entered the house, pulled down all they 
could find in the private chapel, demolished all things within 
the Abbey Church, which had been finished some days before 
they entered, and plundered the house the Jesuits had lived in. 
When their work was over, they opened the Chancellor's cellars 
and wines, and made themselves as drunk with wine as before 
they had been with zeaL"* 

So far Lord Balcarres, writing as a partisan of the dethroned 
sovereign. Wodrow, wlio presents the next vefsion, quotes as 
his authorities " a reverend minister since the revolution, then a 
student in Edinburgh, who was engaged in the attack and wounded 
very sore ; " also " some letters writ at this time." He writes : 

" Upon Sabbath, December 9th [1688], some idle people walk- 
ing in the Park and St Anthony's Yards, seeking to come through 
the Abbey as their nearest road, found all the gates shut, and 
cannons placed at every gate, and were discharged by the sen- 
tinels to come near. This, with the addition that the court was 
full of armed men, when reported in the town, heightened the 
jealousies of the populace, and the fears of more thinking per- 
sons, that evil was designed. And in the evening a few young 
lads accidentally got together, after some conversation upon the 
present danger, began to huzza, and there was soon a vast 
gathering of students at the college, and apprentices. The 
magistrates caused shut all the ports, and the keys were brought 
to the Provost, Magnus Prince, his house at the foot of lib- 
berton's Wynd, and the rest of the magistrates absconded. The 
youths gathered about his lodgings, which were inaccessible, 
calling for the keys, and upon his refusal, threatened to burn his 
house, but did no hurt. From thence they came to the Cross, 
and having forced up the door with forehammers, they pro- 
claimed an oflfer of four hundred pounds sterling to any who 

♦ Memoirs touching the Revolution in Scotland, 1688-1690, by Colin 
Earl of Balcarres, presented to King James II. at St Germains, 1690. 
Edinb., Bannatyne Club, 1841, pp. 15-17. 

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ahould -bring Perth or Melford dead or alive. No more hap- 
pened this night 

" Next day, in the forenoon, the Town Council met, and emitted 
a proclamation ' discharging tumults, and ordering parents and 
masters to keep their servants and children within doors.' 
This proclamation was torn as soon as it was read, and the offi- 
cers and drummer stopped when going through the town. This 
day the Chancellor and his family saw good to retire from the 
Abbey and go out of town. Matters continued quiet till 
twilight, and then a multitude began to gather at the head of 
the Cowgate, and after they had provided themselves in staves 
and torches, they came up the Bow, where they knew of two 
drums, and seized them ; one of them soon broke, and with the 
other, their numbers still increasing, they went down the town 
to the Netherbow. In the Canongate they stopped a little, 
seeing the Guard drawing out, and upon sending to inquire what 
the matter was, they found the Captain friendly, and that he 
only drew out his men to put respect upon them. They desired 
he should call them in ; which was presently done, and they 
went forward. At the Canongate Cross they took down the 
Earl of Perth's picture and carried it with them to the Abbey. 
There Captain Wallace was advanced with some soldiers beyond 
the strand. Whereupon they stopped, and sent to demand 
access to the court ; which, he refusing, they beat their drum, 
and with a cry run in upon him. He ordered his men to 
fire, which did abundance of hurt ; severaJs were killed upon 
the spot, and many wounded, to the number of 36 or 38, 
whereof not a few died afterward. After the fire the appren- 
tices and youths fell in upon the Captain with great fury, forced 
him and his men off the street, and killed two of them outright 
before they could enter the Abbey gate ; that being presently 
shut, they could get no further in the pursuit. Upon this they 
retired a little, and ordered some of their number to carry off the 
dead, and to help up the wounded to the town, and require 
assistance ; and then lodged themselves in houses and closses 
the best way they could. MeauwhUe Captain Wallace and his 
men continued, from this time about nine till eleven, firing up 

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the street Those who went up to the town carried up with 
them some of the arms and hands of the dead and maimed, and 
hearing of a number of gentlemen and others in a vintner's, went 
to them and showed how they had been treated. The gentlemen 
applied to the Town Council then sitting for assistance ; which 
they refused, and the commissioners from the apprentices and 
others threatened to bum the town. The gentlemen went and 
got a quorum of the Privy Council, who ordered the magistrates 
to raise the trained bands, and sent down two heralds with them 
in their coats displayed before them, to require Captain Wallace 
to surrender, and the trained bands were ordered to force him if 
he did not. When the heralds came down, they summoned Captain 
Wallace to surrender the Abbey in the council's name ; this he. 
refused. Then the town-guards, and trained bands, commanded 
by Captains M'Gill and Graham, came up, and some firing was 
on both sides, without any great hurt, but some slight wounds. The 
Captain would have defended the Abbey against them all, having 
a vast advantage of the ground ; but Captain Graham, with a 
part of his men, broke in by a back entry not so well guarded, 
which the party in the Abbey observing, fled, and about thirty- 
six were taken prisoners, but Wallace and a good many 
escaped. The youths observing this, broke into the court, and 
killed all the soldiers they met with. It was said about four- 
teen soldiers were killed. Whether they got liberty, as some 
of my accounts say, from the town captains I know not, but 
they fell presently to rifle the chapel and schools, and brought 
the timber work, and library, with everything that came in their 
way, to the closs, and burnt them. It was some time before 
they could fall upon the images, to destroy which was their end in 
making the attack. At length they found them in an oven, with 
an old press set before it to cover its mouth. Those they took 
out, and carried them up to the town in procession through the 
streets, and back again to the Abbey Closs, and there burned them. 
They entered the church, rased the new work there, and turned up 
the marble pavement, and rifled the chancellor's lodgings, and 
some others in the Abbey; but none of the youths and apprentices 
laid their hands on anything to carry it off, but all was burned."* 
* Wodrow'8 History. Glasgow, 1830, iv. 473, 474. 

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On bis surrender, Captain Wallace was sent as a prisoner to 
the Bass, where we find him detained on the 4th January 1689, 
when an order was made by the city authorities that his per- 
sonal effects should be delivered to Craufurd of Craufurdstoun, 
probably a relation. The order proceeds thus : 

"Edinburgh, the fourth January J™ vj<» eightie nyna 

"The said day the Councell, considering that there was 
severall goods in trunks pertaineing to Captain John Wallace, 
who is now prissoner in the Bass, sequestrat in Captain Patrick 
Steill and Captain Dumbar their hands, by order of the Lord 
provost, they appoint the goods to be inventured at the sight of 
baillie John Charters, and the whole goods, excepting armes, to 
be delivered therafter to Eobert Craufurd of Craufurdstoun, 
upon his receipt therof, for the saids persones exoneration." * 

Wallace was subsequently transferred to the Tolbooth of Edin- 
burgh, then crowded with political offenders. After he had been 
a captive fourteen months, the Privy Council proceeded to con- 
sider a memorial presented by him, detailing the circumstances 
under which he was arrested, and entreating liberation. In the 
following minute of Council, of the 5th Februaiy 1691, the 
memorial is quoted : 

" Att Edinburgh, the flBfth day of flfebruary 
" Jm yjc nyntie one yearis. 

"Anent a petition given in to the Lords of their Majesties 
privy councell be Captain John Wallace, prisoner in the tolbooth 
of Edinburgh, Shewing that the petitioner, being in the year 
jm yjc eightie eight commanded by the privy Councell to goe 
with his company to Lochaber for suppressing some Insurection 
among the lughlanders. And having returned, he was therafter 
comanded to goe to Allison Bank to convoy and bring back 
some Cannon and Amunition from thence to the Castle of Edin- 
burgh, All wliich comands the petitioner did punctually execute 

* Burgh Kecorda of Edinburgh, vol. xxxii., fol. 281. 

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to the satisfaction of the privy conncell, from whom he receaved 
his commands. After which the petitioner was comanded to 
augment the number of the company, and to keep guard within 
the precinct of the pallace of HoUyroodhouse, and to defend the 
King's house and court from all violence and attempts, as he 
should be ansuerable at his highest perriU: And he having 
applyed himself accordingly, and used all imaginable moderation 
therin, True it is that, when he was upon his deuty, he and his 
company were invaded and assaulted, and their very lifes putt 
in hazard, by ane numerous and disorderly rabble; and they 
having keeped themselves within the bounds of moderamen 
inculpate tutde ther was some blood happned to be shed on 
aither syde, upon which the petitioner was shortly therafler 
apprehended, and hath been keept prisoner these five months 
bygone : And seing the petitioner had parliament ordours from 
the privy councell in wryte suflBcient to vindicat him and justifie 
all his behaviour in the premissis ; and that, in case the peti- 
tioner had omitted to doe what he did, he might justly have 
been in hazard of being shott to death, upon ane sentence of ane 
court martiall, for not obeying and executing these peremptar 
orders, which were given to him not by ane privat persone or 
single ofl&cer of state, but by the privy councell, solemnly mett 
together, and subscribit by their clerk, conforme their oune 
warrand in presentia : And the petitioner being assaulted and 
invaded, and he and his company putt in hazard of their lives, 
under cloud and silence of night, he humbly conceaves that by 
the Law of all nationes, alse well as by the martiall Law, he is 
altogither secure and unquestionable ffor any accident that 
fell out and hapned upon that occasion : And seing the peti- 
tioners small fortune and meanes is exhausted by this long 
expensive imprisonment, and that for freeing himself of any 
longer imprisonment he is content to accept of and undergoe 
voluntar banishment out of the kingdome : And therfore, craving 
their Lordships to take the premissis to their consideration, and 
ordaine him to be sett att liberty, upon enacting himself to goe 
abroad out of the kingdome, within such a competent tyme as 
their Lordships shall think fitt, and never to retume againe 

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therto without their Lordships speciall warrand for that effect, 
under such paines and penalties as their Lordships shall think fitt, 
as the said petition bears. The saids Lords of their majesties 
privy councell having considered the above petition, they heirby 
give ordor and warrand to Sir William Lockhart, their majesties 
sollicitor, with assistance of Sir Patrick Hume and Mr Hugh 
Dallrymple, advocatts, to intent and follow forth a criminall 
pursuite before the Lords of Justiciary against the petitioner, 
conforme to the former ordor of Councell, given to his Majesties 
advocat or his deputes for that effect." * 

The Privy Council's order was not carried out, and in the 
summer of 1692 we find Wallace again pletiding for his libera- 
tion. The minute of Council thereanent, dated 14th June, is in 
these terms : 

" Att Edinburgh, the fifourteint day of Junij 
« jm yjc and nyntie tuo years. 

" Anent the petition given in to the Lords of there Majesties 
privie Councill be Captain John Wallace, prisoner in the tolbooth 
of Edinburgh, Shewing that wheras the petitioner hes continowed 
upwards of three years in a severe imprisonment in the Bass 
and tolbooth of Edinburgh, whereby his health is impaired, his 
bodie weakned, and his small fortune intirely ruined, and that 
be frequent applicationes made be the petitioner himself to the 
saids Lords, he wes severall tymes remitted to the soUicitor and 
assessouris, and his speedie tryall recomended to them, at his 
oune earnest desyre, yet hitherto there hes been no process 
intended againest him; and sieing the petitioner hes alreadie 
suffered verie considerably by a tedious imprisonement, equallie 
hurtfull to his persone and small fortune, notwithstanding 
whereof he is heartily willing for farder satisfactione to signe a 
voluntar banishment from all his majesties dominiones for ever; 
And therefore humbly craveing that the saids Lords would be 
pleased to take the premissis to there consideratione, and in 
respect of the petitioner's long imprisonement, and the great 

♦ Privy Council Register, Acta, Jan, 1691-2, p. 68, 

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prejudice he hes sustained both ii> his persone and small fortnne 
therethrough, as also of the voluntar banishment the petitioner 
is willing to undertake from all his majestyes dominions, under 
what penalty shall be thought fitt to allow the petitioner to be 
dismissed upon signeing the same. And he shall never cease 
to pray that God may bless the natione with ane lasting peace, 
off [which] he shaU never be a disturber. As also that the saids 
Lords would be pleased to recomend the maister of the prisone 
to the Lords of theasurie for what Jayll fies shall bee due be 
the petitioner, as the said petitione bears. The saids Lords of 
there Majestyes privie councill, haveing considered this petition 
given in to them be the above Captain John Wallace, they 
hereby give order and warrand to Sir William Lockhart, there 
majestyes soUicitor, to raise a Lybell againest the petitioner 
befor the Lords Comissioners of there Majestyes Justiciare, and 
to cause cite the petitioner thereon betuixt and the fifourth day 
of Jully next.*' * 

With respect to this further resolution, Sir William Lockhart, 
as Solicitor General, reported to the Council, that without their 
special authority he could not enter upon proceedings. The 
next minute proceeds : 

" Att Edinburgh, the Threttie day of Junij. 

There Majestyes SoUicitpur haveing moved to the councill 
that the warrand direct to him for persewing of Captain John 
Wallace who comanded the guaird in the Abbay in -winter 
jm yjc j^nd eightie eight when severall persones were killed, doea 
not bear the cryme of treasone, and that he could not persew 
for treasone without a speciall warrand to that effect: And 
therefore desyred to know if they would ordor him to persew for 
treasone or not : The same haveing gone to a vote wes carryed in 
the negative, and appoynted the Interloquitor to stand as 
formerly pronounced." f 

♦ Privy Council Register, Acta, February 1692 to March 1693. 
t Ibid, 

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On the 6th August 1692 and two following days, Captain 
Wallace, charged with manslaughter, was subjected to trial in 
the Justiciary Court at Edinburgh, the judges being Eobert, 
Earl of Lothian, Justiciary-General, Sir Colin Campbell of 
AberuchiU, Mr David Home of Crossrig, Sir John Lauder of 
FountainhaU, Mr Archibald Hope of Eankeillour, and Mr James 
Falconer of Pheasdo, Commissioners. Captain Wallace was 
"indyted and accused for the slaughter of William Lourie, 
John Insch, and David Auchterlonie, and others, in maner men- 
tioned in his Indytement." On behalf of the Privy Council, 
the " persewers " were " Sir William Lockhart, there majesties 
sollicitor, Sir Patrick Home, and Mr Hugh Dalrymple." For the 
defence appeared as " procurators Sir James Ogilvie, Sir Eobert 
Colt, Sir David Thoirs, James Stewart, and Mr Thomas Skein." 
There was a prolonged discussion on the relevancy, when the 
Court found that " when some boys and others were at the foot 
of the Canougate the panell caused fire upon them, whereby the 
abovenamed were killed or received wounds from which they 
died, and that the panell was art and part thereof." They also 
found relevant the defence "that a rabble met and declared to 
John Paterson that they would trouble the soldiers and pillage 
the abbey ; '* also " that the said rabble came down the Canon- 
gate with swords and firearms, and beat some of the sentinels 
and advanced within speaking distance." Further " that Cap- 
tain Wallace caused his men to fire after having been visited by 
a Herald and Pursuivant, with some of the bailies." After Mr 
Thomas Skein and Sir James Ogilvie had been heard on behalf 
of the prisoner, and Sir Patrick Home in reply, James Smith, 
ensign in the castle of Dumbarton, deponed, " that being one of 
the artillery and master gunner he was ordered to the abbey to 
receive commands from Captain Wallace : that he accordingly 
pointed and directed the cannons : that while in Laurens Orr's 
house he heard firing by the soldiers : that before the firing he saw 
a multitude of people at the Nether Cross near the Watergate, who 
had neither firearms nor other weapons, and that they dispersed 
after the first firing : that having left the house he heard a second 
firing, but on what provocation knows not, nor who ordered the 

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firing : thereafter heard the sounding of a trumpet and saw a 
great multitude, but knows not if armed ; that Mr Bruce, Keu- 
tenant to Captain Wallace, came near and asked for the captain, 
and when told that he had gone, cursed him for leaving him in 
that condition: that the lieutenant desired him to go to the 
commanding officer of the multitude to request him to desist 
encroaching on that which they had undertaken to defend : that 
he refused, but would send one of his men : did not hear any 
volley except from the soldiers : heard a granade fired and break 
before leaving Orr's house, and found none of the cannons had 
been fired : thinks that the granade must have been thrown by 
Captain Wallace's company, as no others had any of them : but 
did not see the same fired." David Eobertson, gunner in the 
castle of Edinburgh, deponed, that " he heard firing by Captain 
Wallace's company, but did not see any killed or wounded: 
heard a trumpet and the noise of a multitude, and heard a second 
firing, but knows not whether from the soldiers or multitude : 
knows no more, being beside the cannons within the pend, till 
dismissed by Captain Grahame. 

Alexander Adamson, son to the deceased Andrew Adamson, 
indweller in Edinburgh, deponed, that " there was a rumour in 
the streets on Sabbath night of a designed massacre, whereupon 
a number of boys and girls gathered together and paraded the 
streets, but did no harm : had some swords, and offered to break 
up the door of the Cross, but did not do so : that the next day 
being 10th December, a number of boys and others with sticks 
and staves again gathered together, and that they had no other 
weapons excepting one boy who had a stick in one hand and a 
pistol in the other, and some with swords hanging by their 
sides, and a drum beating : that they took down the Earl of 
Perth's picture on the new land at the back of the Canongate 
Cross, and proposed to burn it at the Cross of Edinburgh, but 
that immediately thereafter they proceeded to the foot of the 
Canongate, near the Abbey, where Captain Wallace was with 
part of his company : that one of the boys went near to the 
Captain and spoke to him : that the Captain having his sword 
drawn wagged the same and said, * Stand oS, Doges,' but did not 

Digitized by 



hear other discourse that passed betwixt them : that there was a 
firing by the Captain's company, and one fell down before him 
wounded, but did not see any blood, it being dark : that the 
people gathered together by sound of Drum near the Chapel 
door at the Water Yett, where he heard some say, ' Eun in upon 
him:' again heard firing." 

Thomas litlejohn, son to the deceased Thomas litlejohn, 
tailor in Edinburgh, gave similar evidence. 

John Wightman, town officer of Edinburgh, accompanied 
Bailies Graham and Pattoun with the heralds. He deponed, that 
''more than a dozen shots were fired up the Canongate : that in 
going down with the Magistrates and heralds he met at the 
Nether Bow the deceased William Lourie, servant to John Inch, 
stabler, and heard him moaning of a shot in his hand, which he 
afterwards learned was all shattered." 

Further evidence for the prosecution was given by William 
Eckford and Alexander Bonner, town officers, John Inch, 
stabler, Henry Eraser, Boss Herald, James Guthrie, Dingwall 
Pursuivant, and James Grahame and William Patton, late 
Bailies of Edinburgh. 

For the defence the witnesses were William Carmichael, 
prisoner in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, who deponed that he 
heard a number of the multitude express their purpose of going 
to the Abbey to destroy the pictures and images there : Captain 
Paterson, in the links .of Leith ; David Eobertson, vintner ; 
William Pratt, servitor to Saughtounhall, younger; Henry Pit- 
cairn of Pitlour; Captain James Cuninghame, late in Glen- 
cairn's regiment, and James Home, smith in the Abbey. These 
generally testified to the forbearance of Captain Wallace before 
the firing took place. Thereupon the jury returned as verdict — 
" The assysehave|ng chosen Peter Wedderbum of (Josford there 
Chancellar, and haveing considered the lybell and the Lords 
there interloquitor, and the wholl depositiones of the witnessis 
adduced thereanent, they aU in one voyce, by the mouth of the 
said Chancellour ffind the lybell against the said Captain John 
Wallace not proven, but ffinds the exculpation conform to the 
Lords interloquitor sufficiently proven. In yptnes whereof, thir 

H ' 

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presents are subscrjrved by there said Chancellour and James 
Livingstoun there wreitter hereof Att Edinburgh, the sbct 
day of August j™ vj* and flfourscore tuelve yearis. Sic subscribitur. 
Pet. Wedderbum, Can*®', Ja. Livingstoun, cl^." 

" Upon the opening and reading of the which verdict of Assyse 
Captain John Wallace and his procurators abovenamed asked 
and took Instrumentis." * The subsequent history of Captain 
Wallace has not been ascertained. 

* Book of Adjournal, 1690-1693, being the Records of the Justiciary Court, 
preserved in the General Register House. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC I 


Abbot, George, Archbiahop of Canter- 
bury, czziv. 

Abbotshall, estate of, ccx. 

AbercTomby, Bfr David, subdean of Don- 
keld, xl, xlii; official of Whit- 
horn, etc, Ivi, 86, 49, 61, 62, 89, 


James, Abbot of Scone, zxzi, 1, 2. 

John, xli ; 49, 62, 98.* 
Aberdeen, William, Bishop of, 8a 
Aberdeen, Diocese of, xxxvi ; chnrch of, 
14. 16, etc 

Bishop of, xzxviii, czxiii, cxd. 

new cnnrch of, xcvi 

University of, odiii, cdiv. 
Abemethy, Nicolas, a singer, liii. 
Acbains, King of Scots, ocxxv, ccxxxvii, 

Adam, Mr William, architect, ocxlii. 

son of Thomas, x, xL 
Adamson, Alexander, 112. 

Andrew, 112. 
Adesone, John, valet, IxilL 

Thomas, cxciv. 
Aikman, James, burgess of Edinburgh, 

Allison Bank, 107. 
Aitkine,John, cxlviii. 
Aitoune, Sir William, rector of Banue 

(Benve), 89. 
Akynheid," James, xl, 49. 
Alan, son of the steward, x. xi. 
Alanson, Henry, Archdm of Dunblane, 
17, 18. 

Thomas, presbyter, 18. 
Albany, Duke of, xi, xix, xxi. 

Henry (Damley), Duke of, ccxxxix. 

John, Duke of, ccxxxviii. 

Robert, Duke of, 96, 96. 
Alexander L, King of Soots, vii, viii. 

HI., King of Soots, ccxxx. 

IV., Pope, xl 

VL, Pope, xxxi, xxxvi, cxxxi, cxliii, 
cxUv, 1, 2. 

a harper, xxix. 

Bfr John, minister of Hoddom, ociii. 

Sir William, clxxx. 
Alexandria, cloth from, xlviii. 
Allan, river, v, Ixxxvi. 

Allardyce, James, provost of Eirkheugh, 

xxxviii, XU1X. 
AUoway, vicarage of, Ixxviii, cix, cxv, 

parson of, cxxxii. 
Alytn, committee of estates at, ccxvi 
Anderson, Grissell, relict of William, 

Bishop of Galloway, cxlii, cxliU. 
Angus, Earl of, xx, xxiii. 
Annan, Mr William, minister at Ayr, 

Anne, Queen, Ixxxix ; revives the Order 

of the Thistle, ccxlviil 
of Denmark, Queen of James VI., 

Antonio Maria dal Monte, Archbishop of 

Siponto, xliii. 
Antony, Grand Penitentiary of the Pope, 

Arbroath, xcvii, d. 

Arbuthnott, Andrew Ramsay, minister of, 

Argyle, Countess of, Ixvii, Ixviii, Ixix. 
Earl of, xxiv, Ixii. 
Archibald, Earl of, Ixx, 88. 
Amot, David, Archdean of Lothian, 
xxxi ; Dean of Chapel Royal and 
Bishop of Galloway, xliv, 1, 2, 

Hugo, historian, ccl. 
Sir John, of that ilk, xxxi. 
Sir John, of Birswick, ex. 
Arran, James, Earl of, clxxv. 
Ashmole, Elias, heraldic antiquary, 

Athelstan, King of the Saxons, ccxxv, 

Athole, Earl of, Ixviii, Ixx. 
AthoU, Man|uis of. 102. 
Atkvn, William, cnaplain, 98. 
Auchtnabaid, lands of. xxxiii, 11. 
Avenel, Bobert, justiciar, x, xi. 
Ayr, Chapel of, xxxiv, xxxvi, xxxviii, 

cix, cxxxii, cxliv, cxlvi, cdx; 

united to Chapel Royal, 60-6d. 
lands in shire of, belonging to Chapel 

Royal, ccliv. 
Aytoun, James, artificer, of Culross, 


Digitized by 




BanUe, Principal Robert, dzzzvilL 

Mr William, rector of Kerretown, 17, 

Balcarree, Colin, Earl of, 102, 104. 

Baldi, Octavio, ambassador from Flor- 
ence, cxzziL 

Balfour, Gilbert, Izx. 

Sir James, Lyon King of Arms, dxz, 

clxzii, cczziz, oczxz. 
Sir James, MS collection by, czzzi 

Ballol, Edward^ son of John, cczzzvliL 

Baliol, John, E:ing of Scots, ccxzxviiL 

Balliades, lands of. cdiv. 

Ballywalter, Hamilton, minister of; ccxvi. 

Balmaclellan, church of, xzzIt, xliii, ciz, 
cxzxii.czliv, 14,26,26; united to 
Chapel Royal, 42-48, 91, 92. ' 

Bannock, the heights of, ▼. 

BannockDum, vi. 

Bane, James, wriffht, ooziz. 

Barbour, John, a inter, liiL 

Bass Roc^ 107. 

Bastian, ae. Queen Mary's French ser- 
vant, IzzL 

Beaton, Sir David, of Balfour, zzziz. 
James, rector of Eirkinner, 86, 68. 
James, Archbishop of St Andrews, 
zzziz; dean of Chapel Royal, 
zliii ; Archbishop of Glasgow, zliv ; 
Bishop of Caithness, Izziv, 98. 

Bedford, Earl of, envoy to Scotland, Izvii, 
Izviil, Izi*, Izz, Izzi, Izzii. 

Bellenden, Adam, Bishop of Dunblane, 
czl; his connection with the 
Chapel Royal, czli-clviii; Bishop 
of Aberdeen, clzzzvii ; deprived, 
cci ; made rector of Portlock, and 
dies, cci. 
James, eldest son of the Bishop, 

BeltoQ, prebends of, zzziv, czzziv, 14, 
16, 26, 46. 

Benedict VI., Pope, zzzvii. 

Bennett, Mr Wiluam, parson of Ancrum, 

Berkley, Walter de, z, zi. 

Berwick, North, minister of (Turner), ocz. 

Berwick, Pacification of, cii. 

Betone, David, 17. 

Binning, Thomas. Lord, 99, 100. 

Bimie, Mr William, dean of Chapel 
Royal, czii-czvi. 

Bimie of that Ilk, cziv. 

Birks, King Charies L at, cciL 

Black, Mr David, minister, czziiL 

Blackness, ministers confined at, czv. 

Blair, Robert, mason, czcii, czciii, czciv. 
John, mason, czii, czciv. 

Bonar, Alezander, town officer of Edin- 
burgh, cozlvi, 118. 

Boniface VIIL, Pope, 82, 69, 72. 

Bosco, Ralph de, zl* 

Bothkennar, czzz. 

Bothwell, Adam, commendator of Holy- 
rood, cczl. 
Adam. Bishop of Orkney, Izzzii. 
Mr John, abbot of Holyrood, Izzzii. 

Bothwell, parish of, czi 

Earl of, Izviii, bdz, Izziii, zcvL 
Francis, Earl of, czli, dzzii, cIzziiL 
Patrick, Esrl of, 8a 
Boyd, Lord, Izz. 
Boyd, Lord, forfeiture of, ziii. 
Boyde, John, mason, Glasgow, czzi 
Bndd, David, 62. 
Brakis, rents of, cL 
Brand, Mr John, minister of Ganongate, 

czciv, cczzziz. 
Breadalbane, Earl of, 102. 
Breda, in Holland, cczii, ccziiL 
Breichen, Bishop of, czziii, dzzzii, 

Brienne, Count de, French Ambassador, 

Izviii, Iziz. 
Broun, Sir John, vicar of Creiff, Ivi, Ivfi, 
czlvii, 90, 92. 
David, canon, zii. 
John, Inter, zviii. 
Bruce, Robert, Kina; of Scots, cczzz. 
Lieutenant, 112[ 

Sir William, of Kinross, cczili, cczv. 
oczz, ccz^i 
Bruges, city of, zv, zviii, ziz. 
Brunswick, Duke of, Izzz. 
Buccleuch. Earl of, czzzi. 
Sir Walter Scott of, IzzziL 
Sir Walter, Lord Scott of, czzziv- 
Bu(han, Nicholas, chaplain, 93. 
Buchan, John Stewart, Earl of, ziL 

James Stewart, Earl of, ziz, zzL 
Buchanan, Sir Andrew, prebendary of 
Chapel Royal, ciii. 
George, the historian, zvii, zzii, 

Izzv, cczziz. 
George, minister of Kilpatrick, cdii 
Thomas, mason in Dunaee, czz. 
Burntisland, zcvii. 
Busso, Francisco de, musician, Izz. 
Bute (Buitt), church o^ zzziv, zliii, 
ciz, czzzii, czliv, 14, 15, 25,25; 
united to Chapel Royal, 42-4& 
Donald of, dean of Dunblane, 97. 

Caithness, bishopric of, Izziv. 
Calder, Captain, Izzvii. 
Callander, John, smith, ccziz. 
CambusbaiTon, lands of, z. 
Cambuskennetii, abbey of, vl, zv. 

Abbot of, zzzvi, zzzviii, zli, zliH 
zliii, czliv, 29. 
Campbell, Alister, czciv. 

Archibald, Abbot of Holynwd, 

James, musician in chaiMl royal, 9& 

Sir Colin, of AberuchiU, HI. 
Canongate, church of, zcvi, coir, 

marrisjB^ register of, cczzziz, oczfi. 
parishioners of, cczzzii, oozzziv, 

the cross of, 105w 112. 
Canterbury, Archbishop of, czziv. 

Digitized by 




Canterbury, cathedral of, zlix ; burial of 

Bishop Wedderbum therein, cd. 
Gamoto, Thomas de, xi 
CanmcbuMl, Sir James, of that ilk, ccvi 
Boland,mnaician in the Chapel Boyal, 

Richard, singer in the Chapel Boyal, 

William, lia. 
Carstairs, Dr William, ccli, 
GarswelL John, Bishop of the Isles, Ivii, 

Cartar, David, canon, 40. 
Casaabon, Isaac, cxc 
Cassillis, Earl of, bdz. 
Castellaw, Alexander, cczi. 

Sir James, i>receptor of mnsic, ci, 
cxzzi-czxziii, cxxzy, ozxz¥ii, 
cxxxiz, cL 
John, oczi, ccxvi. 
lands of, zzziii, d, ciz-cczi, 11. 
Gastelnau, M. de Malvisie, Ixv. 
Catholic College at Holyrood, ccxIiL 
Cavers, Andrew, Abbot of Lindores, zzxv. 
Chalmer, Mr William, later of Chapel 

Royal, ci, cii. 
Chantry of the Chapd Royal, 27» 544>7, 

Chapel Royal, Register of, xc, cxliii- 
cxlviJi, l.»i7 

Revenues of; xciii, xciz, cdL 

at Holyrood, Ivi, lix, cczlvii; 
modem deans of, and their in- 
comes, cdi-cdiv; worship in, 99, 

at Stirling, v-ix, etc. ; founded, xiv, 
XV ; umted with the see of Gallo- 
way, xlii ; oigans in, xlix j orna- 
ments im Ix, bd; baptism of 
James VI. in, Ixv-lxxii; deanery 
of, Ixxiv; baptism of Prince 
Henry in, Ixxix-lxxxv ; renovated, 
IxTiT, Ixxxi ; repairs to be made 
on, Ixxxv, Ixxxix, cxvii ; revisited 
by James VI., cxxvi, cxxxi, 
cxxxiii-cxxxix, cxliii-cxlviii, ccxi, 
ccxvi, ccxlvii, 1-94 ; erection of, as 
a collegiate church, with chantry, 
18 ; treasurership of, 56 ; inventory 
of jewels and books belonging to, 
72-78 ; Deanery of, 82, 88. 

transferred from Stirling to Holy- 
rood, Ixii, Ixxix, xdv, xcv ; styled 
"Chapd Royal of Scotland," cxiii, 
cxxi ; decorated for worshijp, cxxii, 
cxxiil ; revenues of, cl-cbdi ; inno- 
vations in worship therein, dviii ; 
musicians and music of, clxi-clxix ; 
Charles L worship in, clxix, 
dxxiv; ''Artldes" for worship 
therein, dxxvi, clxxviii ; liturgical 
service in, dxxxix; repairs in, 
cxcii-<ftdv, cciii, cciv; oigans to 
be removed from, cox ; alterations 
in the structure of, ccxiii, ccxiv ; 
converted into a conventual church. 

oexxiv; cost of ornaments for, 
ocxxxvi, ccxxxvii; ouestion •f 
Queen Mary's marriage in, ccxxxix, 
ccxl ; as a Romish college, ccxlvlL 

Charlemagne, Emperor, ccxxx. 

Charles L, King of Great Britain, d- 
dxviii ; vuiU Scotland, dxix -.his 
coronation, dxx-clxxii; opens Par- 
liament, clxxii; touches people 
for "Kfaig's Evil," clxxiii ; returns 
to London, dxxiv ; his efforts to 
introduce the Uturgy into the 
Church of Scotland, dxxxix-ccv ; 
arrives at Holyrood, ccv ; executed 
at Whitehall, ccx. 
n., King of Great Britain, ccxi, 
ccxii, ccxxi, t^T^^i- 

Charters, John, bailie of Edinburgh, 107. 

Chatelherault, Duke o^ Ixvii, IxxviL 

Chepman, Walter, printer, 1. 

Chisnolme, Alexander, musician, cxxv. 

Chivalry. Order of, proposed by James 
VIL, ccxxv, ccxxk, ccxlvliL 

Cistercian order of monks, xxxvii 

Cither, musical instrument, xvii. 

Claneboy, Viscount, ccxvL 

Clapperton, Sir George, subdean of Chapd 
Royal, Iv, IviS. 

Clarion, trumpet, xviii 

Clarsha, musical instrument, xxviii, xxix. 

Cluniac order of monks, xxxvii. 

Cochran, Robert, architect, xiv, xx, xxii. 

Coins of Scotland, ocxxviii, ccxxix. 

Coldingham, Ixvii. 

Herbert, prior of, viii, ix. 
priory of, xxiii, cxxxiv. 

Colistoun, rents of, ci. 

Colkitto, ccxvi 

Cologne, town of, ccxxix. 

Colt, Sir Robert, advocate. 111. 

Colvile, Robert, of Hvltoun, 17. 

Oommisdon, Court of High, ccL 

Compton, in Hants, cxc 

Conde, Servais de, the queen's valet, 
lix, Ix. 

Constantine, Emperor, ccxxviL 

Conynghaim, Cuthbert, 39. 
James, canon, 40. 

Comets, for music in Chapd Royal, dxvli. 

"Coronation. Form of," preserved in 
Chapel Royal, clxxvii. 

Covenant, the National, renewed, oc; 
confirmed by the king, cdv. 

Cowgate, the, Edinburgh, IGo. 

Cowper, William, Bishop of Galloway, 

cxvi, cxviii, cxxiu-cxxx, cxxxvi- 

cxxxix, cxlii, cxliii. 

Andrew, brother of the Bishop of 

Galloway, cxxxi, cxxxii, cxxxix, d. 

James, nephew of the Bishop, cxxxii. 

Thomas, nephew of the Bishop, 


Cowy& John, mason, Pittenweynle, cxx. 
William, mason, Pittenweyme, cxx. 

Coylton, church of, odx. 

Craford, a singer IL 

Digitized by 




Cra^^grotb, lands of, 95, 96. 

Crai^, Mr John, minister, zcvi, xcvii. 
Mr Thomas, advocate, czli, ccxnl. 

Craigmillar Castle, IzxiL 

Crail, burgh of, cxiz. 

Crainthall, John, prebendar of Kells, 

Cramond, Hamilton, minister of, ccxviii. 

Cranschaws, church of, xxxiv, cxxxiv, 14, 
16, 25, 26. 

Craufurd, Mr Archibald, the queen's al- 
moner, lix. 
Earl of, IxXy ccix. 
Robert, of Orauf ardston, 107. 

Craufurdland Castle, lix. 

Crieff, church of, xxxiv, xxxvi, xxzviii, 
xliii, Ivii, cix, cxxxiii, cxliv-cxlvii, 
14, 15 ; union of, to Chapel Boyal, 
42-48, 60-66, 71, 89-94. 

Crichton, James, singer in Chapel Royal, 

Crichtoun, Peter. 17. 

Croc, Monsieur le, deputy from Savoy, 
Ixviii, Ixix. 

Cromwell, Oliver, the Protector, ccxi, ccxv. 

Croude, musical instrument, xviL 

Culross, workmen of, cxxi. 

Cult-donald (Cuilte-dovenald), x. 

Cultoun, rents of, cxxxiL 

Cummyng, Mr James, of the Lyon OflSce, 

Cuninghame, Captain James. 113. 

Cunningham, Mr David, Bisnop of Aber- 
deen, Ixxxiii. 

Cunnynghame, Archibald, of Ladyland, 
Robert, father of Archibald, cxxxiii. 

Cunynghame, a singer, xxx. 

Cupar, Abbey of, xcvlii. 

Cymbaclanis BeUs, musical instruments, 

Dacia, 75. 

Dacres, Lord, xcvL 

Dalam, Mr, organ maker, cxxv. 

Dalkeith, di. 

DalmelUngton, prebends of, xxxiv, ciii, 
cix, cdx, 14. 
parson of, cxxxiL 

Dalrymple, Mr Hugh, advocate, 109, 111. 
James, Ixxviii 
church of, cix, cxxxii, ccix. 

Dalyell, Sir John Graham, xc 

Darnley, Lord, Ixiii, Ixiv, Ixxii ; his mar- 
riage to Queen Mary, ccxxxix ; his 
skull exhumed, ccl. 

David L, King of Scots, vii, viii, xi, 
IL, King of Scots, xvi. 

Davidson, Thomas, chaplain of the garri- 
son of Stirling, Ixxxix. 

Days, Robert, pergeonar, cxciv. 

Denmark, cxxxii. 

Dennestoun, Mr William, notary, 89. 

Donaldson, John, mason in Dundee, 

Douglas, Gavin, the poet, IL 
Douglas, Lady Margaret, Countess of 
Bothwell, cxli. 

Robert, Bishop of Brechin, ocxvii 
Dow, Moreis, musician, IxiL 

John, musician, Ixii. 
Down, Robert, Bishop of, ccxvi. 
Drumlochy, Chalmers of, cL 
Drummond, James, Earl of Perth, ccxxi- 

John, Earl of Melfort, ccxx-ccxxv. 

John, architect, Ixxxviii. 

John, receiver of royal rents, ccxxxv. 

Sir John, of Hawthomden, Ixxxii, 

Lord, xxiv. 

Sir Riobert of Camock, Ixxviii, Ixzxt, 
Ixxxviii, xciv, ccxi. 

Sebastian, liL 

William, canon of Chapel Royal, 

WiUiam, clerk to the artillery, 103. 

William, the poet, Ixxxii, Ixxxviii. 
Duchell (Duthell), church of, xxxiv, xxxvi, 
xxxviii, cxxxiv, cxliv, 14, 15, 
64, 65, n. 
Dulcet, musical instrument, xviii. 
Dulcimer, musical instrument, xviii. 
Dulsacord, musical instrument, xvilL 
Dumbarton, castle of. 111. 
Dumfries, William de, xi 

the " cruikit " vicar of, lu. 
Dunbar, Alexander, almoner of Chapel 
Royal, ccxxii-ccxxiv. 

Gavin, dean of Moray, 88. 
Dunbar, Captain, 107. 

castle of, xxiv. 

George, Earl of, evil. 

rectory of, xxxiv, 15. 

collegiate church of, 3, 5, S, 11, 14, 
15, 20-25, 28, etc. 

prebends of, xliii, cxxxiv, cxliv, 3- 
5, 20, 42-48. 

school of, cxxix. 

Patrick, prebendar, cxxxii, cxxxiii, 
cxxxix, cl. 

William, the poet, ccxxviii 
Dunblane, Bishop of, Ixix, clxxii, clxxiii. 

bishopric of^ united to the deanery 
of the Chapel Royal, cxl, cxlii, ccli. 

diocese of, ccxii, ccxiv. 
Duncan, Earl of Fife, viii, ix. 
Duncanson, John, subdean of Chapel 
Royal, Ivi, Ixxv, xciii-xcvii, cxxxix. 

William, in Poland, cxxxiii. 
Dundee, xi, cxix, cxc, ccxvii. 
Dundrennan, barony of, cxli, cxcv, ccvi 

abbey of, civ, clxxiii. 

church of, cxlii, ccviL 
Dunfermline, monastery of, vii, x. 

Galfrid, Abbot of, vii, viiL 

Abbot of, xlii, xliii. 

Earl of, ex. 
Dunipace, parish of, viL 
Dunkeld, diocese of, xxxvi. 

church of, 14, 15, et& 

Digitized by 




Dankeld, Bishop of, xzxviii, Iziz, clzzii. 

Gregory, Bishop of, viii, ix. 

Lord, zcni. 
Danlop, John Mair, vicar of, liv. 
Dunning, parish of, xcviL 
Donse Law (Hill), ceil. 

prebends of, zxxiv,cxzxiv, 14, 26, 46. 
Duplin, Geoige, Viscount, clxi, cbdi. 
Dura, Plain of, clviil 
Durrisdeer, xxix. 

Dury, Andrew, Abbot of Melrose, Ivii ; 
treasurer of Chapel Royal, 97, 98. 

George, archdean of St Andrews, 98. 

John, of that ilk, 98. 
Dysart, buigh of, cxix, cxx. 

Eccles, parish church of, vii, ix. 
Eckford, William, town officer of Edin- 
burgh, ccxlvi, 113. 
Edinburgh, castle of, vii, xxi, xxix, Ixv, 
cxx, cxcvi ; repairs on, ccxix, 107. 
cross of, 112. 

university of, cxxvi, ccx, cell ; chairs 
in connection with Chapel Royal, 
diocese of, erected, clxxv, ccxxxiii. 
Bishop of, clxxxii. 

magistrates of, ccxxxi-ccxlvi, 103-106. 
Train Bands of, ccxliv. 
Edmestoun, John, minister at Dunning, 

Edmondstone, Sir Archibald, of Dun- 

treith, 17. 
Edward lY. , King of England, xiv, xv, xlx. 
Efflinton, Earl of, Ixviii, Ixx. 
Elgin, grant to the burgh of, ccix. 

lands in shire of, 12. 
Elizabeth, Queen of England, Ixvi, Ixix, 

Ellem, church of, xxxiv, xliii, cxxxiv, 
cxliv, 14, 15, 25, 26; united to 
Chapel Royal, 42^. 
Elliot, Dr James, minister at Glasgow, 

Ellon, parish of, ccxxxii. 
Elphinstone, Robert, Lord, Ixxxvlii. 
Ely, prebendary of, cxc 
England, musicians from, liii. 
Erskine, Arthur, Ixii. 

Sir Robert, Sheriff of Stirling, xi. 
Enroll, Countess of, Ixxxii. 
Erskine, Sir Charles, Lyon King of Arms, 

Ertht, William of. Knight, 97. 
Ettrick Forest, Kirk of the Lowes in, 
cxxxiv, cxxxv, 14, 15, 25, 26. 
lands in parish of, ccliv. 
Exchequer, commissioners of, cliii, clx, 

Falconer, Mr James, of Pheedo, 111. 
Falkirk, vi. 

Falkland, palace of, xxxv, 17. 
Faslane (f^ulan), church of, xliii, 81. 
Feldie, John, musician, Ixii, Ixiii. 
Ferdinand II., King of Aragon, ccxxviii. 

Ferguson, a trumpeter, cxxxii. 

Ferny, Andrew, canon, 40. 

Flanders, musical instruments from, liii. 

Fleming, Marjorie, wife of Sir Robert 
Drummond, Ixxxviii. 

Flemings, musicians. Hi. 

Flodden, battle of, xcvi. 

Florence, Duke of, cxxxii. 

Forbes, Dr William, clxxiii, dxxiv ; ap- 
pointed first Bishop of Edinburgh, 
clxxv ; his death, clxxxi, clxxxiii 

Fordun, John of, historian, ccxxvii. 

Forest, church of the, xxxiv, xliii, 14, 15, 
25, 26, 45. 

Forrester, Sir Andrew, ccxxxi. 

Mr Thomas, minister at Melrose, cciv. 

Forth, Firth of, cciL 

river of, v, vi, Ixxxvi. 

Fowlis, Mr James, merchant in London, 

Fountainhall, Lord, ccxxi, ccxxxii, ccxli. 

Fowlarton, Thomas, Ixxiv. 

Fowler, Susanna, wife of Sir John Drum- 
mond, Ixxxii. 
Mr WUliam, Master of Works, IxxxiL 

Fowlis, a harper, xxviiL 

Fowlis-Easter, church of, xcviL 

France, xix, Ixvi, xcri. 
musicians from, liL 

Fransche, James, 52. 

Fraser, Henry, Rosse herald, ccxlv, ccxlvi, 

French Protestant Church in Edinburgh, 

Fydell, musical instrument, xviiL 
Fyndlater, a musician, Ixx. 
Fynn, William, cxciii. 

Galbndth, Sir George, Master of Works at 

Sir Thomas, priest^ li. 
William, a Inter, liii 
Galloway, Mr Patrick, minister of the 
king's house, Ixxxii, xcvii, cxxiv. 
bishopric of, xlii, cxi, cxvi; dis- 
united from the deanery of Chapel 
RovaL cxl, 14. 
David, Bishop o^ 90, 91. 
George, Bishop of, 33, 85, 37, 89. 
Gaunt, Jonn of, entertained in the Abbey 
Church of Holyrood, ccxxxviii. 
George III., King, ccxlix. 
IV., King, ccxlviii. 
Gib, John, groom of the chamber, cii-cxii. 
cxiii, cxviii, oxxviii, cxxxiL 
Sir George Duncan, baronet, cxxviii. 
Sir John, of Knock, cxxviiL 
Robert, cxxviii. 
Gibson, Nicol, mason, Linlithgow, cxxi, 

John, mason, Linlithgow, cxxi. 
Gilleam, an organist, lilL 
Gilmour, John, writer, cxxxix. 
Gittem (Gythom), musical instrument, 

Glasgow, collegiate chnrch of, Ivii, 14, 15. 
General Assembly at, cci, uciv, ccviii. 

Digitized by 




Glasgow, magifltrates of, cxx. 

university of, endowed by Cromwell^ 
cczi ; endowment of a Chair fh>m, 
funds of Chapel Royal, ccliii, ccliv. 
diocese of, zxxvi, ccxi. 
Archbishop of, zzrviii, cxii, clzx. 
Glencaim, Earl of, cczl. 
Glencorse, parish of, ci, ccz. 
Glenholm, church of, xxxiv, ciz, czzzii, 

14, 15. 26, 26. 
Glenlnce, abbacy of, czvi. 
Glenshee, lands of, xzziii, 11. 
Goldsmyth, Sir J<Min, canon, M. 

John, xzx, li, 90. 
Gordon, Alexander, Bishop of Whithorn, , 
lix; dean of Chapel Boyal, etc., 
Ixxiv, IZZY. 
Gordon, Ro^er, son of William of Crack- 
law, Iviil. 
Gospatric, Earl of Dunbar, w, ix. 
Gtourlay, John, chaplain, 52. 
Gowrie, Earl of, xcvii. 
Graham, Archbishop, xxii. 
Captain, 103, 106, 112. 
James, bailie of Edinburgh, 118. 
Grahame, Lieut -Colonel, ocxlv, ccxlvi. 
Gray, Andrew, musician, cii. 
Andrew, Lord, 88. 
Sir George, chanter of Chapel Royal, 

cUu, cMi. 
Mr James, master of the Chapel 

Royal, cxxxv. 
Nicholas, a minstrel, xzix. 
Mr Thomas, treasurer of the Chapel 
Royal, cxxxi, cxxxUi, cxxxv, 
cxxxvii, cxxxix. 
Lord, xxiv. 
Graysteil, a sons, xxx. 
Green, Roger, wheelwright, 8t Andrews, 

Greg, David, painter, St Andrews, cxx. 
Greyfriars' Church, Edinburgh^ cc. 
Guidrig, Mathew, painter, cxxii. 
Guide, Alexander, custtunar of Stirling,xii. 
Guthrie, James, Dingwall pursevant, 
ccxlv, ccxlvi, 113. 
schoolmaster of Hoddesdon, cxxix, 

Haddington, Thomas, Earl of, 99. 
Haddingtonshire, gentry of, Ixvii. 
Halkarstone, Mr Thomas, provost of 

Creichtoun, 17. 
Hall, Mr John, minister, cxxiv. 
Hamboys, a musician, xiii. 
Hamilton, Duke of, keeper of Holyrood 
Pahioe, ccxix. ccxx. 
James, fourth Duke of, ccxlix. 
James, sixth Duke of. ccxlix. 
Gravin, Bishop of Galloway, cxi 
James, Duke of, clxxv. 
Mr James, minister, ccxvi. 
John, suDdean of Chapel Royal, 

Mr Robert, minister at Lesmahagow, 

Hamilton, Thomas, Earl of Haddington, 
William, archdean of Chapel Royal, 

Archbishop of St Andrews, Ixix. 
Sir Thomas, of Byres, derk of regis- 
ter, ex. 
Hannay. Mr James, minister of the Abbey 
Church, clxx ; dean of Edinbuigh, 
Hardie, James, cxxxix. 
Harpers, King James IV.'s, xxviii, xxix. 
Hatton, Sir Christopher^ IxxL 
Hay, G«orge, slater, ociiL 

Mr John, parson of Renfrew, cciiL 
Mr Richard Augustine (Father), liv, 

xdii, ccxxiv, ccxxxiii, ocxlii 
Dr Theodore, archdean of Glasgow, 

William, musician, IxiL 
Hawyk, Andrew of, secretary to Duke of 

Albany, 97. 
Helmbum, land of, odiv. 
Henderson, Mr Alexander, minister, cov ; 
Royal gift to him, ccvi ; chaplain 
to the royal household, ocviiL 
Henrietta Mana, Queen of Charles L, 

Henry VL, King of England, xiv, xv. 

VIL, King of Enffland, xxiv. 
Henry, Prince, son of James VI^ Ixxix ; 
his baptism, Ixxix-lxxxv, xcvii. 
Bishop of Galloway, 90. 
son of Swan, viii, ix. 
Prince, son of David I., vii, viii, 

the minstrel, xxx. 
Hepburn, Mr John, provost of Linda- 
den, 17. 
Patrick, of Smeaton, clix, cbd. 
Hepbums, the family of, xxiv. 
Heriot, Helen, wife of Mr Thomas Craig, 

Herbert, the chamberlain, viii, ix. 
Heron, James, musician, bdii. 
Heroun, clerk of the chapel, xviii 
Henries, Lord, Ixxxii, ccxL 
Hert, John, a porter, xxix. 
High School of Edinbui|;h, ccxxxiiL 
Hird. Thomas, mason in Dysart, cxx. 
Hoddesdon, cxxix. 
Hoge, Thomas, ccxi 
Holland, Sir Richard, xvii 
Holyrood, Abbot of, xxxv, xxxvi, cxliii, 
cxliv, 1, 21, 26. 
Abbey Church of, coronation of 
Charles I. in, dxx<dxxiv, ccxiv, 
ccxv ; as a Romish oonventLCcxxv; 
chapd for BLnights of the ThisU& 
ccxxxi-ocxxxvi ; historical sketch 
of the church, ccxxxvii, ccxliii: 
as Chapd Royal, ccxlvii ; despoiled 
by mob, ccxlix ; repaired, ccxlix : 
wreck of, 102-114. 
Alevin, Abbot of, viii. ix. 
a canon of, organist, liii. ^ 

Digitized by 




nomas, Ixziv, 

Holyrood^ Osbert, prior of, viii, ix. 
Holyroodnoiue, Ixriii, zcviii. cziz, 
cxcviii, ccii ; designs for ooUding, 
Chapel Boyol at, lis, Izii, cziv. 
palace of, xcIt, zcy, czIt, czx, cxxi ; 
▼isited by Charles L, clxix, ocv ; 
partly burned, ccxi: restoration 
of, ccxiii*ccxy : repairs on, ccxix, 
99, 108. 
John, Lord, IxxxlL 
Home, Mr David, of Crossrig, 111. 
Baron James, xxiii, xxiv. 
Patrick, xxiii, xxiv. 
Homyll, James, robemaker, xix, xx, 

Hope, Mr Archibald, of Bankeillour, 

Home, James, smith, 118. 
Hovlat, the, poem of, xvii. IL 
Httdsonn, ''Ifekill'' Thonu 

Robert, Ixxiv. 

James, Ixxiv. 

William, Ixxiv. 
Ham& Alexander, Lord, 17, 88. 

Mr David, of Qodscroft, cxxx. 

John, chief later, Ixiii, Ixxii. 

Sir Patrick, advocate, 109, 111. 
Honnyman, James, mason in Dundee, 

Geonn, mason in Dundee, cxx. 
Hnntly, Earl of, Ixviii. 

John, Master of, Ixxiv. 

leolmkill, abbev of, Iviii. 

Inch, John, staoler in Edinburgh, 118. 

Inchoolm, Abbot of, liv, 78. 

Inchmahome, priory of, cxlv. 

Innocent HI., Pope, xxiii. 

Italy, minstrels from, lii. 

Jacob, a musician, xxviii. 
Jams, a piper, xxix. 

James I., ^ing of Scots, xii, xiii, xvi, 
xvii, GcxxxviiL 

n., Kbag, ccxxviii ; bom at Holyrood, 

in.. King of Scots, xii-xiv, xviii- 
XXV, lii, ccxxviii, ccxxxviii, ccxlvi. 

the queen of, ccxxviii, ccxxxviii. 

IV., King of Scots, xxvi, xxviii- 
liii, Wi, Ixxxviii, cxiii, cxvii, 
cxxxi, cxxxiv; his state robes, 
clxxi, ccxxviii, ccxxxviii, 1-28, 
etc., 79, 80. 

v.. King of Scots, liii, Ixxiv, cxxxiv, 
ccxv; collar worn by, ccxxviii, 
ccxxx, ccxxxviii ; his coffin opened, 
ccl, 97. 

VI., King of Soots, bom in Edin- 
burgh, Ixv; his baptism. Ixviii, 
Ixix ; his household, Ixxli, Ixxiv, 
xciii,xcviii, cxv, cxix ; preparations 
for his visit to SootLuid (1617), 
cxix-cxxvi ; his efforts to decorate 

the Chapel Boyal, cxxiii-cxxvi, 
cxxxii, clxxxviii, dxxxix ; coins 
of, ccxxix, ccxli, 99. 
VIL, King, clxxv, ccxviii-ccxxxviii, 
ccxli, ccxliii, ccxlvi, cd, 102. 
Jamieson, I)r John, xxii. 
Jane, natural daughter of James IV., 

Jedburgh (Jedworth, etc.), Osbert, prior 

of, viii, ix. 
John, a Court musician, Ixxiii. 
subprior of Whithorn, 89. 
XII., Pope, 58. 
Johnstone, Robert, historian, Ixxxi. 
Judas Cross, the, xxvii. 

Bells, xlix, 77. 
Julian II., Pope, xli-xliii, cxxxi, cxliv, 
cxlvii, 99, 
HI., Pope, xliii, cxxxi. 
Juxon, Dr, Bishop of London, cxcvi. 

Keir. Laurence, cxlviii. 
Keito, James, cxxxiii. 

Sir James, prebendary of Chapel 

Royal, cl. 
Kellie, Edward, musician, clxi-cbdx, 

clxxxv, clxxxvi. 
Kells, church of, xxxiv, di, dx, 14, 15, 

25, 26, 91, 92. 
parson of, cxxxii. 
Kenneth, son of Alpin, vi. 
Kildean, vi. 

Kilwinning, abbey lands of, Ivi. 
Kincardyn, church and chapel of, xxxiv, 

xxxvi, xxxviii, cxliv, 14, 15, 60- 

Kinkaim in Mar, kirk of, cxxxiv. 
Kingarth, parish of, Ivili, cix. 
Kinloch, Francis, of Oilmerton, ccxvii. 
Kippen, prebendary of, d. 
Kirkaldy, Maigaret, wife of Sir Robert 

Drammond. IxxxviiL 
Thomas, a priest, cxlvi, 52, 58. 
Sir WUliam, of Orange, Ixxvu, 

Kirkandrews, church of, xxxiv, xxxix- 

xli, 14, 15, 25, 26, 85, 88, 55, 

Kirkcowan, rector of, Iviii. 

tdnds of, xcviii, dx, cxxxi. 
Kirkcudbright, lands in, bdonging to 

Chapel Royal, ccliv. 
Kirkheugh, church of, St Andrews, xxxi ; 

sepuated from the Chapel Royal, 

provostry of, xlii. 
Kirknope, lands in parish of, ccliv. 
Kirkinner, church of, xxxix-xli, Iviii, 

lix, cix, cxxxi, cxlvi ; union of 

to Chapd Royal, 88-41, 49-52, 

•James Beaton, rector of, xxxix-xli, 
85, 49, 51, 52, 57-60. 

teinds of, Ivi, xcvUL 
Kirk o' Field, Ixvti, IxxiiL 
Kirktonn, d. 

Digitized by 




Kirktoun (Eirketun), lands of, x, d. 
Knox, John, the Refoimer, W, xct. 
Kynneir, Alexander, canon, 40. 
Kyntore (Kintyr), lands of, xxxiii, xxxv, 

cxxxiii, li 68. 
Eyrkaldy, Thomas, notary, xlL 

Laing, Dr David, Iv. Ivi. 

Lamb, Andrew, Bishop of Brechin, xcvii, 

xcviii, cxL 
, Lambert, Sir John, prebendary, Ivi, 

Lamerol, David, Ix. 
Lanark, yicarage of, cxi, cxt. 
Larbert, narish of, viL 
Lateran Council, o9. 

Land, Archbishop, cxxiv, cxxvi, clxxii, 
clxxiv-chcxix ; his correspondence 
for the introduction of a Liturgy 
into the Church of Scotland, 
clxxx-cxcvii; committed to the 
Tower of London and charged 
with treason, ccv ; ccxxi, ccxlvi, 99, 
Lauder, Sir John, of Fountainhall, 111. 
town of, xix. 
bridge of, XX. 
Lauderdale, Earl of, ocxiii, ccxxix, ccxlvi. 
Laurie, J., cL 

Law, Mr James, treasurer of the Chapel 
Boyal, cxlviii^, 100, 101. 
James, Archbishop of Glasgow, cxlix. 
Lee, Dr John, principal, xxii; dean of 
Chapel Koysl, cdii, ocliii. 
Dr Robert, dean of Chapel Royal, 
Leighton, Dr Robert, Bishop, ocxii, ccxiv, 

Leith, "the Kin^s Work" at, cxxxiL 
Port of, cxciii, cxdv, ccxxxvii. 
South, xcviii. 

Hamilton, minister of, ccxviii. 
Lennox, the. v, 11. 
Duke 01, clxxL 
Mathew, Earl of, 88. 
The Recent, Ixxvy Ixxvii. 
Leonard, skinner, xv. 
Lermonthe, James, 51. 
Lesli^ General, cdi. 

Sir Patrick, oommendator of Lindores, 
Levingston, Lord, Ixx, 103. 
LevingstouD. Alexander, 52. 
Liberton's Wynd, Edinburgh, 104. 
Liltpipe, musical instrument, xviii 
Lincluden, provostry of^ cxlv. 
Lindsay, Bernard, cxxxii 

Thomas, Searcher-General of Leith, 

Mr John, minister at Carstairs, cciil 
Mr David, Ixxviii; Bishop of Brechin, 
clxx ; made Bishop of Edinburgh, 
clxxxli, clxxxviii, cxcviii. 
Sir David, of Balcarres, clvii. 
Mr PatricK. minister at Maxtonn, cciv. 
of Pitscottie, XXV. 

Lindisfame, priory of, xxiii. 
Lindores, Andrew, Aobot of, xxxv, 17. 

Abbot of, xliii. 

a musician, xxviii. 
Linlithgow, xxvi, xxvii, xxix, lii, cxx, 

Litlejohn. Thomas, tailor in Edinburgh, 

Livingston, James, clerk, 114. 

James, of the royal bedchamber 
Livinestone, Alexander, xlL 
Lochaber, 107. 

lands of, xxxiii, xxxv, cxxxiii, 12, 68. 
Lochill, lands of. cxxxiL 
Loch I^ven, ccxL 
Loch Lomond, Ixxxvi. 
Lochmaben, lii. 

Lockhart, Sir WUliam, 108, 109, 110, 111. 
Lokart, Andrew, cxciv. 

Symon, ccxlL 
London, cxxx, ccv, ccxxxvii, 76. 

Artists brought from, to Holyrood, 
Lothian, archdean of, xxxv, cxliv, 1, 21, 

Robert. Earl of. Justice-General, 111. 
Lourie, William, 113. 
Louvain, dty of, xxlL 
Lowes, St Mary Kirk of, cvii, dx, cxxxi, 
cxxxiv-cxxxviii, cxliv, cliii, clxii, 
Lowry, Adam, mason in Dundee, cxx. 
Lundy, laird of, xxvii. 
Lute, musical instrument, xviii. 
Lyle, Lord, xxiv. 
Lyndsay, Sir David, the poet, Uv. 

Mackenzie, Sir George, ccxxx. 
Mackqueen, Mr John, subdean of Chapel 

Royal, ccL 
Macleod, Dr Norman, dean of Chapel 

RoyaL cdu, cdiiL 
Makgarwe, William, vicar of Peninghame, 

39, 40. 
Magdalene, Queen, her coffin rifled, od. 
Magdeburg, Duke of, Ixxx. 
Mair (Major), Mr John, liv, 97, 98. 
Makbuty, a harper, xxix. 
Makclaouthan, Kolland, canon, 40. 
Makcrekane, John, presbyter, ^ 41. 
Makdowel, Feivus, offidu of Widthorn, 

Makkynnel, Henry, canon of Whithorn, 

Makneile, John, presbyter, 39. 
Malvisie, M. Castdnau de, Ixv. 
Manfk^donia, diocese of, xliii. 
Manuel, nunnery of, cL 
Mar, Earl of, xix, xx, Ixix, Ixxv, IxxvL 

Countess of, IxxiiL 
Margaret, Queen, vii. 

of Denmark, Queen of James III., 

the Princess, Queen of James IV., 
ocxxviii, ccxxxviii, 79. 

Digitized by 




Margaret, wife of Robert, Duke of 

Albany, 95. 
Markill, lands and monastery of, cxli, cIt, 

clix-clzi, clzxiii, cxcv. ccvii, ccxvii. 
Mary, Queen of Scots, Izi-lxiii, Izv- 

Iziz, Ixzii, Izziii, zcvi, cczv, ccxxvi, 

ccxxxvUi; place of her marriage 

with Daniley discussed, ccxxxix, 

Maaoun, Thomas, mason in Pittenweyme, 

Mauchline, 98. 

Maximilian II., Emperor, xcvi. 
Maxwell of Eirkconnell, ccxxxv. 
John, 51. 

John, Bishop of Ross, cxcL 
the Master of, Ixx. 
May, Andrew, prior of, 17. 
M'firetne, Mulyn, a musician, xxiz. 
M'Gill, Captain, 106. 
Meg, Mons, cannon, xxx. 
Melfor^ John, Earl of, ccxx-cczxv, 

ccxxxi-ccxzxvii, ccxlvi, 105. 
Melrose, abbey of, xvi, 98. 
Melvill, Sir James, Ixvi, Ixxi, Ixxiii, ccxl. 
Melville, Katherine, wife of Sir John 

Amot, xxxi. 
Earl of, secretary of state, ccxlix. 
Melygam, Andrew, canon, 40. 
Mennenius. author, ccxxix. 
' Menzies, Mr, an Edinburgh merchant, 

Mersington, Lord, 103. 
Mildenhall, Suffolk, cxc 
Militia, the, ccxliv, ccxlv. 
Millar, Mr Edward, musician, clxxxvii. 
Miller, Alexander, mason, St Andrews, 

Mingary Castle, ccxvi. 
Minstrels, students, liii. 
Monepenny, Robert, cxdii. 
Monk, General, ccxiii. 
Monteith, Earl of, clxi. 
Montgomery, Alexander, poet, Ixxxviii. 

Sir James, 103. 
Montrose, Muxjuis of, ccxvi; executed, 

church of, xcvi. 
Monycord, musical instrument, xvii. 
Moodie, Dr Robert, minister of Clack- 
mannan, Ixxxix. 
Moodie, Thomas, ''mortification" by him, 

Moravia, State of, cci. 
Moray, Earl of, Ixviii, Ixix, ccxxxiv- 

ccxxxvi, ocxlvi. 
diocese of, xxxvi, 14, 15. 
Bishop of, xxxviii, clxxi, clxxii. 
Moret, Monsieur, ambassador of Savoy, 

Morton, Earl of, clxxix. 
Morville, Richard de. constable, x, xi. 

Hugh de, constable, viii, ix. 
Motto of Scottish coinage, ccxxix. 
Monat, James, singer m Chapel Royal, 


Mow, Henry, cxxxiii. 
Murraw, Duncan, 89. 
Murray, John, Earl of Annandale, his 

son's baptism, cxxvi, cxxvii, cxxix. 
John, of Lochmaben, cxlL 
W., parson of Creiff, cxxxix. 
Muriel, wife of Robert, Duke of Albany, 

Music, instruments of, in Chapel Royal, 

dxvii, clxviii. 
Musicians of Chapel Royal, c-cix, cxxix. 
Mylne, Robert, the king's mason, ccxv. 
Mylsone, James, a harper, xxviiil 

Nairn, Mr Robert, advocate, cxliii, cxlviii. 
Napier, Sir Alexander, cxlix. 
Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon, dviii. 
Neilston, William Semple, minister of, 

Netherbow the, Edinburgh, 105, 113. 
Newbum, oattle of, cciv. 
Newcastle, capture of, cciv. 
Newtoun, George, presbyter, 52. 
Nicholson, Mr James, nunister at Meigle, 

Sir James, cxdv. 
Nisbet, Alexander, heraldic writer, ccxxx, 

Norie, Thomas, mason in Dundee, cxix. 

David, mason in Dundee, cxx. 

John, mason in Dundee, cxx. 

OchU Hills, V. 

Olifard, David, justiciar of Lothian, viii, 

Ogilvie, Sir James, advocate, 111. 
Oliphant, Mr William of Newtoun, ex. 
Olmutz, in Moravia, cd. 
Orbistoun, proprietor of, cxi. 
Organ, musical, xviii. 
Organist for Chapel Royal, clzvii. 
Orr, Laurence, 111, 112. 
Oxford, university of, cxc. 

Padua, see of, xliii. 

Pady, Thomas, mason, St Andrews, cxx. 

Painter, Alexander, chaplain, 93. 

Paisley, Abbot of, xxxvi, cxllv, 29. 

Palatine, the Prince, clxxviii. 

Paris hats for singers, Ixiii. 

Scots College at, Ixi. 
Pate, the harper, xxviii, xxix. 
Paterson, Alexander, sacristan of Chapel 
Royal, liv, Iviii, 98. 

James, sacristan of Chapd Royal, 
Iviii, lix. 

James, ccxL 

Captain, in Leith Links, 113. 

John, 111. 

John, Archbishop of Glasgow, 
Patonson, Mr John, xvi. 
Patrick, prior of Whithorn, 39. 
Pattoun, William, bailie of Edinburgh, 

Paul IV., Pope, xcvL 

Digitized by 




Paul IL , Pope, 67. 
PebliB, George, workman, czclv. 
"Peblis to the Play," the poem of, xri. 
Perth, old church of, zcvii. 

lands in coan^ of, belonging to 

Chapel Royal, ccliv. 
James, Earl of. cczzi, cczxy, cczxxi, 

ccxxxvi, ccxivi, 102, 105. 
Pettybrachly^ church of, xzziv, xxzri, 

xxxviii, cxxxiv, cxliv, cxlvi, 14, 

Pettygrew, Sir James, xlviii, 76. 
Phrew, Hew, mason, St Andrews, czz. 

James, mason, St Andrews, cxx. 
Picts, the, tL 
Piedmont, IxiiL 

Pinkartoun, prebends of, cxxxiv. 
Pipers to James the Fourth, xxix. 
Pitcairn, Henry, of Pitlour, 118. 
Pitscottie, Lynosay of, xiv. 
Pittenweem, burgh of, cxix, cxx. 
Pole, Cardinal, xcvi. 

Ponl^ Mr Robert, provost of Trinity Col- 
lege, lyi. 
Pope's, the, effigy, burned at Edinburgh, 

Portative, musical instrument, xviiL 
Portlock, in Somerset, rectory of, ccL 
Pratt, William, 113. 
Preistis Acres (Raploch), near Stirling 

Castle, cxxxilL 
Presbome, papers at, IxL 
Preston. Mr John, of Pennycuik, cvili. 
Preetonldrk, parish of, cxli 
Primrose, Sir James, Clerk of the Privy 

Council, Ivi, xc, cxliii, oxlv, cxlvii, 

cxlviii, 93. 
Prince, Magnus, provost of Edinbniigh, 

Paaltery, musical instrument, xvii. 
Pyncartone, prebends of, xxxiv, 14, 26, 


Rae, James, merchant burgess of Edin- 
burgh, cxxv. 
Ralph, sheriff of Stirling, x, xL 
Raznsay of Balmain, ccix. 

Alexander, 98. 

Andrew, subdean of Chapel Royal, 
ccix, ccx. 

James, musician, Ixiii. 

James, Bishop of Dunblane, ccxvii. 

John, xiv., XX. 

Sir John, 17. 

Symeon, student of music, cii. 
Randolph, ambassador of England, Ixii. 
Raploch, lands of, cix, cxxxiii. 
Rankine, James, mason, Glasgow, cxxi. 

John, mason, Glasgow, cxxL 
Ray, John, musician, IxiiL 
Recorder, musical instrument, xvii. 
Reid, Adam, 17. 
Rhynd (Rende), Sir John of, xv, xxvi, 

Ribupe (Rebeck), musical instrument. 

Ricoarton, laird of, 103. 

Richard IL, King of England, ccxxxviii 

the clerk, x, xi. 
Richardron, John, custumar of Stirling, 

Richie, James, mason, Glasgow, cxxL 
Ripon, nejsotiations at, ccv. 
Rist, musical instrument, xviiL 
Rizzio, David, vocalist, etc, Ixiii, Ixiv, 
Ixv, Ixxii ; his death, ccxxxix. 

Joseph, brother of David, Ixv. 
Robert II^ King of Scots, ccxxviL 

IIL. Elin^ of Scots, ccxxxviii 

Earl of Fife, chamberlain, xi. 
Robertson, David, gunner, 112. 

David, vintner, 113w 

Thomas, mason, St Andrews, cxx. 

David, mason, St Andrews, cxx. 

Dr William, historian, Ixxxix. 
Rogers, Sir William, doctor of music, xiii, 
xix, XX, xxii, xxvilL 

son of Odo, X. 
Rome, court of, xxx, xxxL 
Roe, Robert, d. 
Roseneath (Kostnot ?} xxxii, xxxiv. 

Priory of, xciii, 3, 18, 20. 

chapdl at, xliiL 
Ross, John, prebendar of Strathbraan, 

Lord, IxviiL 

Bishop of, bdx clzxi, clxxii, dxxxv, 
clxxxvii, cxcvi. 

James, Duke o^ Archbisliop of St 
Andrews, 88. 
Rostnot (Restenot, Roseneath) xxxii, 

xxxiv, cxxxiv, cxlv. 
Rote, musical instrument, xviiL 
Rothes, Earl of, Ixx, Ixxxii. 
Rothesay, Duke of, xxiv, xxv. 
Row, Mr John, historian, dxxxL 
Ronlat M., secretary to Queen Mary, 

Sakbuts, for music in Chapel Royal, 

Sauchie. battle of, xxv. 
Sauchienall, laird of, younger, 113. 
Saumur, university of, Andrew Ramsay 

professor in, ccix. 
Savoy, Duke of, represented at baptism 

of James VL, IxviiL 
Schalme, musical instrument, xviiL 
Schevez. Robert, xxiL 

William, Archbishop of St Andrews, 
xxii, xxiv. 
Sclaiter, David, mason in Glasgow, cxxL 
Scone, abbot of, xli, cxliii, cxlv, 1, 21, 
abbey of, ccxxx. 
Scot, Andrew, surgeon, cxxxix. 

Mr James, servitor to the Bishop of 
Galloway, cxxxix. 
Scott, Walter of Goldilands, dill, clxiL 
Sir Walter, of Bnccleuch, Ixxxii, 

of Branxholme, cL 

Digitized by 




Soott, William, chantor of Chapel Royal, 

czxzi, Gzzxy, czzzrii, ctttit, clii, 

Scots College at Paris, IxL 
Scrymgeour, John, of Dndhope, cxiz, 

Selkirk, Earl of, IviiL 
SempiU, Lord, IxvilL 
Semple, Mr wUliam, regent in Glasgow 

College, cdx. 
Seryice Book, the, czcviii, cd 
Seton, Alexander, Earl of Dnnfennline, 

chancellor, ezzvii 
Seton. Sir George, ccxrii 

George Lora, liz, ocxxx. 
Shaw, laird of Sanchie, zziv. 

Mr Robert derk, 17. 
Shaws, lands of, Selkirkshire, odiv. 
Sherimnuir, vL 
Simson, Mr Patrick, minister at Stirling, 

Sinclair, Andrew, prebendary, czxzii, 

cdx. ocxyL 
Mr Jokn, minister of Restabig, ccxL 
Siponto, Archbishop of, xliiL 
Sitharist, musical instrument, xrii 
Sitholis, musical instrument, xrii. 
Skene, Mr Thomas, 111. 
Skirling, Baron, (Livingstone), ccriiL 
Smith, Mr James, overseer of works, 

James, ensi^, 111. 
Smyth, John, painter in Dundee, cxx. 
Solomon, King of Israel, dxxL 
Somerville, WiUiam de, of Camwath, 

viii, ix. 
Southwick (Suddick) parish church of, 

Iviii, cix, cxxxM, 14, 15, 26, 26, 

Spalding, John, historian, dxxii, clxxiv. 
Spang, Mr William, clxxxviil 
Spence, laird of Wormiston, Ixxvii. 
Spot, prebends of, xxxiv, cxxziv, 14, 26, 

Spottiswoode, Mr John, superintendent 
of Lothian, Ixv. 
Archbishop, clxxiv, clxxv, dxxxviii, 

clxxxix, cxcviiL 
Ninian, archdean of Chapd Royal, 
St Andrew, patron of Scotland, ccxxv- 
Order of, ccxxix, ccxxx. 
St Andrews, Robert, Bishop of, vii, viiL 
burgh of, cxix, cxx. 
cathedral of, ccxxx. 
university of, cxv, ccxviii. 
Archbishop of, cxxiii, clxx-dxxii. 
St Mary's College of, cxe, ccliii, 
St Anne's YanL Edinburgh, ccxlL 
St Anthony's Yards, near Holyrood, 104. 
St Genevieve, Paris, canon of, ccx^v. 
St Giles, church of, Edinbuigb, xli, xcvi, 
cxevii, 51. 
image of, 98. 

St Leonard's, hos^tal of, cxv. 
St Mary of the Bock, church of, xxxi. 
xxxiii; separated fh>m Chapel 
Royal, xxxix, xlii, 2, 8. 4, etc. 
of the Lewes, kirk of, cvii, oix, 
cxxxi, cxxxiv. 
St Michad, chapel of, in Stirling Castle 
(or Chapel Royal), xi, xli, 2, 11, 
18, etc. 
Stdll, Captain Patrick, 107. 
Sterheid, Sir William, canon, Ivi, 90. 
Stevynson, Andrew, canon, 40. 
Stewart, Alexander, Earl of Mar, 97. 
Alexander, Earl of Moray, ccxxxiv. 
James, advocate. 111. 
John, Earl of Buchan, xii, 97. 
John. Lord Lome, 97. 
, Murdoch, Duke of Albany. 97. 
Robert, ddest son of Murdoch, Duke 

of Albany, 97. 
House of, in, clxxv. 
John, mason, Glasgow, cxxL 
Stirling (Strivdyn, etc.), v. vii, cxix, 
Parliament hdd at, Ixxvil 
Privy Council retire to, co. 
haven, cxciv. 

castle of, V, vi, xxiv, xxv, xxxv, Ixvi, 
Ixviii, Ixxv, Ixxx, Ixxxv, Ixxxvi, 
ccxlvii, 11, 18, 29, 87. 
chaplaincy of, Ixxxix, xc. 
collegiate church of,xxxix-xliv ; pro- 
cess for its erection, 1-18; confirm 
mation thereof, 18-29 ; conservatory 
of, 29^. 
Palace of, Ixvu, IxxxviU, 11, 18, 

William, Earl of, dxxx. 
park of, X, Ixxxvi, 
rock, Ixx. 
Peter of, x. 

George, apothecary, 102. 
W. . Abbot of, viu, ix. 
Stone, Nicholas, carver, of London, cxxli. 
Story, Sir John, xv. 
Strathbraan, lands of, xxxiii, dx, ox, 

cxxxiii, 11. 
Stratheam, 92, 98. 
Swain, Will, xvi 
Sympsone, William, 17. 

Talbnm jor Tabor), musical instrument, 

Tarbat, the Viscount of, 103. 
Tftssoni, the author, zvii. 
Tkylor, John, the "Water Poet," 99. 
Temds belonging to Chapel Royal, cdiv. 
Tdtb, river, v, ixxxvi 
Tewkesbury, Thomas of, xiii. 
Thistle, Order of, ccxxv, ccxxix-ccxxxi, 
ccxlviii, ccxlix. 

Knights of, ccxxv, ccxxvi, ■ ccxxx, 
ccxxxi, ccxlii, ccxlvilL 

Officers of, ccxlix. 

Star of the order, described, coxlviiL 
"Thistle and Rose," poem of, ccxxviii. 

Digitized by 




Thoirs, Sir David, advocate. 111. 

Thomson, George, editor, Izi. 

Tod, John, Chaplain, 93. 

Towris, Clement, glass wright, cciiL 

Train Bands, the, of Sdinborgh, ccxliv, 

Trail, Mr David, sacristan of Chapel 

Royal, xliv, cxlvi, 72. 
Traprane, lands of, cxli, clix-clzi, clxxiii, 

cxcv, ccvii 
Traqnair, lands of, ziz. 

Earl of, clzzix, clzzzvi, ociv. 
Trinity College, Edinburgh, the Provost 

of, Iv. 
Troupe, Walter, cl. 
Trumpe, musical instrument, xviiL 
Tullideff, Stephen, prebendary of Chapel 

Royal, czxziii, cl. 
Tullooh, George, sa^er, ccili. 
Tungland, abracy of, cxvi, 98. 
Turing, Sanders of, zvi. 

James of, xxviL 
Turner, Archibald, subdean of Chapel 

Royal, ccz. 
Sir James, ccz. 
Tumhouse-hill, ci 
Tympane, musical instrument, xviii. 
Tyrie, the Jesuit, zcv. 

University commissioners, their report as 
to revenues of Chapel Royal, ccii- 

Valoniis, Roger de, z, zi. 
Vans, George, prior of Whithorn, zlii. 
Verrio, the painter, cczviii 
Vienna, zcvi. 

Walcar, Nycholas, canon, 40. 
Wallace, George, " Spangeonar,** cciii. 
Wallace, Hugo, of Ineliston, ccziz. 
Wallace, Captain Joon, his conduct at 
Holyrood-house, cczliii-cczlvi, 102- 

Wallace, Sir William, zxz. 

Wallat, Adam, musician, czzv. 

Walter, son of Alan the steward, viii, 

Walton, Sir Henry, czzzii. 
Wardlaw, John, a Inter, xzviiL 
Wardlaw, Robert, 51. 

Wantones, a singer, Hi. 

Watergate, the, of Edinburgh, 111, 113. 

Watson, James. 62. 

Watson, Humpnrey, cl. 

Johxi, cl. 
Watson, Rev. Robert, chaplain of Stirling 

Castle, Izzziz. 
Watt, Gilbert, czL 
Wans, Alezander, canon, 40. 
Wause, Patrick, of Berynberyth, 89. 
Wedderbum, Tjt James, Bishop of Dun- 
blane, account of, czc-czcvii; de- 
prived, his death and burial, ccL 
Dr John, brother of the bishop, ccL 
Peter, of Gosford, 118, 114. 
Weir. John, mason, cdiL 

Robert, cL 
Weland, B(r James, cl. 
Wells, diocese of, czc. 
Wemyss, Henry, Bishop of Galloway, Ivi, 

Ivu, czlvii, 90, 98. 
Whitchurch, Wells, prebendary of^ czc 
Whithorn, George, Bishop of, xzziz, zli. 
prior of, zzziz, zl, zli, Iziz. 
priory of, czvl 
Widderspune, a fowler, zziz. 
Wightman, John, town officer of Edin- 
burgh, cczlvi, 118. 
Wigton, Earl of, czzzii. 

lands in, belonging to Chapel Royal, 
William, canon of Whithorn, 89. 
William ni.,£Ung of Great Britain, cczvii, 

William, a singer, zzz. 

Bishop of Aberdeen, 38. 
William the Lyon, King of Scots, iz, z. 
Wilson, Andrew, mason of Dundee, eziz. 
Andrew, mason, St Andrews, czz. 
John, mason, St Andrews, czz. 
Thomas, mason, St Andrews, czz. 
Windsor, 101. . 

St George's Chapel at, cczviii 
Wishart, Sir John of Pitarrow, Iziv. 

G«orge, of Drymme, Iztv. 
Wynram, Robert, albany herald, cl, clii, 

Wynrams of Liberton, d. 

Young, Robert, printer, czcviL 
Yester^s, Lady, church, cczzziii, cczzziv. 

M*Farlane d: Srskine, Frinten, Edinburgh, 

Digitized by 


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