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Full text of "History of the Clan Gregor : frompublic records and private collections; comp. at the request of the Clan Gregor society"

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HISTORY OF 

THE CLAN GREGOR 



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HISTORY OF 

The Clan Gregor 

FROM PUBLIC RECORDS AND 
PRIVATE COLLECTIONS 



COMPILED 

AT THE REQUEST OF THE CLAN GREGOR SOCIETY 

BY ONE OF ITS VICE-PRESIDENTS 

Amelia Georgiana Murray MacGregor 

OF MACGREGOR 




VOLUME FIRST— A.D. 878-1625 



WILLIAM BROWN 

26 PRINCES STREET, EDINBURGH 

1898 



V:>r lo 



o V- a, , D y 



/^ 



•i-^ 



OCT } 



■i t..!*'"'") 






i 

t 



Zo tbe Clan Oregor 

To THB Memory or the Courage and FoRTiTtn>E of 

OUR ANCESTORS 

To THE Clan yet Flourishing and FAiTHruL to 

THE NAME 

To THE Future Generations who will still uphold its 

HONOUR 

ZWb Hccotb iB b^cattb 

By an Attached 
DAUGHTER OF GREGOR 



S>on Cbloin Gbrfooatr ; 

Do Chuimhne Gaisge aous Treuntais 
AR SINNSEAR; 
Do'n Chloinn nis a soirbhbachadh agus oilbas 
D'AN AINM ; 

Do NA GiNEAI^CH RI TBACHD.A CHUMAS SUAS FATHAST 

A CHLltl 

tSba an Xeabbar 00 nit a cI)oi0l1^ea^b 

LE 

NIGHEAN GHRADHACH GHRIOGAIR. 



CONTENTS 



Introduction 1-4 

Chapter I 

Early origin of the ClanGregor^KiDg Gregory geneiaJly claimed as the Founder of the 
Race — Two very ancient pedigrees— The Tribe is Royal—Sketch of the feudal and 
of the clan systems — The name of MacGregor — Passages from a notice by Dr 
Joseph Anderson published in 1S90 . • . . . . .5-11 

Chapter II 

Excerpts from Article on MacGregor in Douglas's " Baronage of Scotland/' from Gregor, 
said to have been third son of King Alpin, to Gregor (Aluin) XII. of the line, in 
the 14th century — Explanatory Notes — The ancient Armorial Bearings — ^The earliest 
notices of the ClanGregor Ancestors in the Chronicle of Fortii^, 1390— Notices 
from the *'Chartulary" regarding certain lands ..... 12-23 



Chapter III 



Short Historical Sketch, i285-i390--Professor Donald Gr^ory's Historical Notices of 
the ClanGregor from 1296-1 534— Details as to the Barony of Glenurchay-— Notes 
from the "Chartulaiy" on same subject — Professor Gregory's view that the Mac- 
Gregors adhered to the House of Lorn attached to Baliol, and were consequently not 
in favour with King Robert Bruce ~Dr Joseph Anderson's remarks on the same sub- 
ject—Professor Gregory relates that in the latter part of the fifteenth century the 
Chiefbuns of the Clan were seated on Crown lands nominally as Crown tenants, but 
in reality as absolute proprietors, till these lands gradually passed into the possession 
of various Barons — Under the severity of these the Clan grew remarkable for opposi- 
tion to laws— <7rowth of the Family of Glennrchy— Charter to Robert Menzies of 
that Ilk of lands of Rannoch ........ 24-35 



Chapter IV 



Sketch of the Reign of King James I.— Enactment in 1424 enjoining consideration of the 
" Hieland men " who " commonlie reft and slew ilk ane utheris "—Murder of King 
James I., 1436-7— Death of King James 11. in 1460— Disposition of Anchinrevach 
in the Barony of Glendochart by Malcolm Jobnsoune to Glenurchy, 1463— King 



Contents 



James III. killed at the Battle of Saucbie, 1488— First enactment in reign of King 
James IV., October 1488, against theft, reft, &a» and power given to certain Lords to 
punish sudi trespassers— Excerpts from the <' Chartulary/' 1499-1504 — King James 
IV., visittoBalquhidder, 1506— Battle of Flodden, 1513, and death of King James IV. 36-43 

Chapter V 

Continuation from the " Baronage " ^^ Malcolm XIII. — John of same generation and 
Malcolm XIV.— Correction of a genealogical error — Gregor Mor XIV. (brother of 
the last Malcolm) of Brackly— Dmican Ladasach XV. — House of Glenstray— Ancient 
genealogy from the Dean of Lismore's book — Table showing descendants of John 
Cham M^regor of Glenurchay — Continuation of House of Glenstray as far as Gregor 
Roy (VI.)ofGlenstray ........ 44-55 

Chapter VI 

Excerpts from the Chronicle of Fortingal by James MacGr^or, Dean of Lismoir, chiefly 
an Obituary, 1092 to about 1530, and continuation by the Curate of Fortingal to 
1576, with Notes ......... 56-66 

Chapter VII 

Selection of Poems r^;arding MacGr^^rs from the Dean of Lismoir's book—The modem 

Gaelic version and English translation by the Rev. Thomas M^Lauchlan . . 67-83 

Chapter VIII 

Bond of Manrent from " Black Book of Taymouth "—Excerpts firom " Chartulary," 1514. 
1548 — Reign of King James V. to 1542, and Accession of Queen Mary— MacGr^ors 
in Rannoch .......... 84-91 

Chapter IX 

Duncan *' Ladasach" — Sketch of the Laird of Glenurchay's position in Bread albane, 1540 
— Bonds of Manrent — Alexander our M^Patrick MacGregor art and part in 
slaughter of John McDonald Bayne, and slain himself by Duncan Laddosach, 1551 
— ^Duncan reconciled with Glenurchay, May 1552, who beheaded him and his two 
sons, June 1552 — Legend from the Lairds of Glenlyon-^uotations from the '* Black 
Book of Taymouth "and from the *' Baronage" ..... 92-100 

Chapter X 

Genealogical — Considerations as to the House of Glenstray as Captains of the Clan— John 
M^Omnoquhy M^Gregour, keeper of the Castle of Glenurchay, 1550— Fiery Cross 
sent out in 1547— Battle of Pinkie m September same year— Queen Mary conveyed 
to France, I548--Excerpts from "Chartuhiry," 1547— Slogan of Ardchoille— Letter 
from Mary of Guise, Queen Regent, exempting Alexander Menzies of that Ilk from 
finding caution for his MacGr^or tenants in Rannoch for seven years, 1559 . . 101-X08 



Contents 



XI 



Chapter XI 

Genealogical and traditional — Grierson of Lag—MacGr^or of Ardinconnell, 1429-1544 
— Growing fend between the MacGregors of that £&mily and the Colquhonns of Luss 
— MacGregor of Roro, 1477- 15 1 1 — Genealogical table — ^Traditional accountfr--Mac- 
Gregor of Balhaldies — MacGregor of Learagan — MacGregor of Dunan — MacGregor 
of Ardlarich — MacGr^or of Glengyle — Gregories of Kinairdie 



109-125 



Chapter XII 

Sketch of reign of Queen Mary— Entries from ' ' Chartulary," 1552 to 1 564— Contract between 
Glenurchay and MacRannald of Keppoch to have lands in Rannoch, and pursue the 
ClanGregor, whose escheit Sir Colin Campbell had recently obtained— Proclamation 
from Queen Mary, 1663, against the Clan — Protest by the 4th Earl of Atholl against 
rights of search granted to Glenurchay — Further proclamations — Glenurchay bound 
in his pursuit of the ClanGregor not to ** turn or oppress the lieges " — Keppoch re- 
building the Fort on Isle of Loch Rannoch — Letter from Queen Mary to Glenurchay 
to stop the same — Summons from Queen Mary against Glenurchay and letter from 
Her -Majesty to the Laird of Weym that she has received the ClanGregor into her 
peace, and desires him to give them the lands they had formerly had from him 



126- 141 



Chapter XIII 



History of the Dean of Lismore and his family taken from the Introduction to the book 
cabled after him, some of the poems from which are given in Chapter vii. — Entries 
from the " Chartulary," 1565 to 1567— Warrant given by Queen Mary to the avengers of 
the murder of the Dean's son, 1565, relieving the relations from their obligation to 
keep the peace— Argyle's Letters of Fire and Sword against the ClanGregor, 1565 — 
Proclamation by King Henry (Damley) and Queen Mary depriving Glenurchay of 
his Commission by reason of the great abuses committed by him, August i565-^£z- 
emption of Menzies of that Ilk — Duncan Abrach, two brothers, and other MacGregors 
at the Horn for art and part in the slaughter of Hew and John Stewart in Bal- 
quhidder, 1568 ......... 



142-148 



Chapter XIV 



Professor Donald Gregory's Historical Notices of the ClanGr^^or- Continuation from 
Chapter iii. to the end — 1534 to 1603 — ^The ClanGregor numerous in Balquhidder 
and Stratheam — Complaints against them — Deadly feud between the MacGregors 
and Sir Colin Campbell about 1560— Commission of Fire and Sword issued against 
the ClanGregor, 1563 — Remarks from George Buchanan that many of the Nobles 
" hounded out " sundry Clans, and amongst them the QanGregor, for their own ends 
—The MacGr^ors of Glenstray—" General Band" of 1587— Shiughter of Drum- 
mondemoch — Commission against the Clan given to Archibald Earl of Argyle, 1593 
— ^The Laird of MacGregor made submission to the King, 1596— The good intentions 
of the Clan secretly frustrated by Argyle— Conflict of Glenfrune, 1603, followed by 
the proscription of the ClanGr^or — Comparison with the case of the Clan Chattan 
and similarity to the fate of the Macdonalds of Glencoe .... 

do 



149-157 



xii Contents 



Chapter XV 

Gregor MacGregor of Glenstray beheaded by Glenurchay, 7th April 157a— Lament for 
the Death of ** Gregor Roy nan Bassan Gheal " in Gaelic, with English translation, 
from the Killin Collection of Gaelic Songs — Prose translation by Mr Duncan 
Campbell — Contrast of a friendly letter from Sir Colin Campbell to Gregor M^ Ane, 
Keeper of the Castle of Glennrchay — Repetition of sundry passages from the 
Chronicle of Fortingal showing the acts of revenge by the Clan immediately following 
theslaughter of Glenstray, August 1570 to 1576 .158-167 



Chapter XVI 



Duncan Abberach eldest grandson of Duncan Ladosach, from the '* Baronage "—Bond of 
Maintenance to him and his family granted by Archibald Earl of Argyle, 1573 — 
Quotations from the '' Chartulary " — Raid by John Drummond of Drummondemoch, 
1580-81 — Proclamation from King James VI., 1582, to remit offences to those who sub- 
mitted themselves— Excerpts from *' Black Book of Taymouth," 1583-84— Excerpts 
from the " Chartulary," 1584-85— Bond of the Roro MacGregors with Glenurchay, 1585 
— Letters of Homing, 1586, against certain of the ClanGregor and full list of their 
names, collated with another list of names in 1586 — Entries from ** Chartulary," to 
August 1589— Tale from the "Lairds of Glenlyon" . .... 168-183 

Chapter XVII 

Acts of Scottish Parliament— Early part of reign of King James VI.— The ** General Band," 
1587 — Caution to be found for landlords and others — Chiefis of Clans to find pledges 
— Men bom in the Highlands and Borders to return to the places where they were 
bom— Roll of Landlords and Bailies — Roll of Clans — Remarks on the disturbed 
state of other Clans, although penalties were chiefly meted out to the ClanGregor — 

' Reel of Tulloch" and "Glenorchy MacGregor" .... 184-203 



Chapter XVIII 



Murder of John Drummond of Drummondemoch, September 1589— Bond to pursue the 
ClanGregor for their alleged participation in this crime, taken from the *' Black Book 
of Tajrmouth " — Details of the occurrence from the Register of the Privy Council, 
Febraary 1589-90 — Full list of the Clan who were prescribed, from do. — Complaint 
by the friends of Drammondemoch from the Register of Homings, Perth — Entries 
from the " Chartulary" in reference to the same — ^The Ardvorlich traditions as to the 
Murder, contained in a letter to Sir John MacGregor Murray, 18 1 2 — Depositions by 
Balquhidder men attributing the murder to the Maclans of Glencoe — Letters to the 
same e£fect — Allaster of Glenstray and the Clan's acceptance of the charge against 
them — Poem by Sir Alexander Boswell on this theme .... 204-220 



Chapter XIX 



Allaster Roy MacGregor of Glenstra/s position after the death of Drammondemoch— 
Proclamation against the ClanGregor, July 1590, discharging all bands of mainten- 



Contents xiii 



ance between Glenurchay and any of them, or between any other landlords and the 
ClanGregor — Glenurchay himself bound to keep the Kmg's peace, December 17th, 
1590, and December i8th permitted to enter into reconciliation with the ClanGregor 
— Remission to Glenstray and kinsmen for all criminal actions, January 1591-2 — 
MacGregor of Ardinconnal and their dealings with the Colquhouns and others in 
their neighbourhood from 1545 to 1591 — Feud between the MacAulaysand Buchan- 
nans and Band of Manrent between the former and the MacGregors— Sir Humphrey 
Colquhoun of Luss besieged in his castle by the Macfarlanes who were allied with the 
MacAulays, accounting for a growing feud between the MacGregors and Colquhouns 221-234 

Chapter XX 

Complaint by Edward Reidheuch against Alexander M^regor of Glenstray and others 
— List of principal men of the three houses of the ClanGregor from a paper in the 
British Museum, and notes by the compiler — Commission to the E^rl of Argyle 
against the ClanGregor and the Stewarts of Balquhidder, February 1592-3 — Principal 
men of the ClanGregor charged to appear before the Earl of Argyle — Various trans- 
actions about Glenstray, from the '* Chartulary," 1596 — Charges from landlords to 
their tenants to flit — Other actions at law by landlords, 1595, in compliance with 
the enactments of the General Band — Letter from King James VL to Mcintosh to 
"execute to the death ''a MacGregor prisoner, 1596—Bond by the Laird of Mac- 
Gregor for himself and his Clan, 1596, and Glenstray appointed householdman to 
the King — Second remission granted to Glenstray and all persons of the name for the 
slaughter of Drummondemoch, 1596 ....... 235-248 



Chapter XXI 



Excerpts from the " Chartulary " — Notices of removal to sundry MacGregors, 1596, 1598-9 
—Charge to landlords of the ClanGregor to present them, 1599— More notices to flit, 
I599~0fi'er from Glenstray to iiimish six pledges from the Clan to be delivered to the 
King as caution for good behaviour, July 1599 — Bond by the Laird of MacGregor for 
his Clan— Excerpt from Introduction to Vol. vi. of the Privy Council of Scotland 
regarding the Chief of the ClanGregor — Entry of certain of the pledges, December 
1599— Proclamation against the resetters of the C!an, January 1600— Complaint of 
certain landlords as to the resett afibrded by the Chief and other landlords — Glenstray 
himself detained in ward, March i900^More pledges entered, August and December 
1600 . . . . . . 249-263 



Chapter XXII 



Proclamation from King James VL for the extinguishing of deadly feud, November 1600— 
Commission to the Earl of Argyle as Lieutenant and Justice against the ClanGr^or, 
Glenstray having failed to deliver pledges for the second quarter, orders to pursue 
the ClanGregor with fire and sword— From the " Chartulary " — Bond given by the 
ClanGregor to the Earl of Argyle, April 1601 — List of principal persons binding them- 
selves and families — Sundiy old complaints brought up and notices to quit, June 1601 
to 1602 .......... 264-278 



xiv Contents 



Chapter XXIII 

Conflict of Glenfmin— Excerpt from the " Baronage " (continued from Chapter xvL)— Sir 
Robert Gordon's account of the battle, and notes from the ** Baronage " upon it — ^Tra- 
ditional account of incident leading to the fight — Narration of the conflict from the 
opposite side — Excerpts from the "Chiefs of Colquhoun," edited by Sir William 
Eraser — ^Account of several previous inroads, and of the raid of Glenfinlas — Short 
narrative of the conflict of the 8th February 1603 in *' Summons " by Alexander 
ColquhounofLuss, from the '*Chartulary" ...... 279-290 

Chapter XXIV 

Conflict of Glenfrnin continued — Sir Walter Scott's account in his introduction to " Rob 
Roy" — ^Accusation as to the murder of some students, partly refuted by a note by Sir 
Walter Scott — Repetition of the tradition by Sir William Eraser, but naming the Act 
of Privy Council accusing a certain Allan Oig M'^Intosh of some such deed — Previous 
arguments in refutation of it by Sir John MacGregor Murray — Sketch of Glenstray's 
probable route from Rannoch to Strone in Glenfmin .... 291-298 

Chapter XXV 

Numerous letters charging noblemen and landlords to resist the ClanGregor, and to present 
certain of them before the Council, 29th March 1603 — Proclamation by King James 
VI. abolishing the name, because the ''bare and simple name of MacGr^or made 
that 'haill Clan' to presume of their power"— April 3rd, 1603, sentences on several 
men captured — More charges to landlords to resist ** invasion" — Plan of transport- 
ing and banishing the whole Clan, May 1603— Complaint against them from the 
Presbytery of Stirling, September 1603— Excerpts from " Balfour's Annals " from a 
diary by Robert Birrd, and from the ** Chiefe of Colquhoun," relating capture of 
Glenstray and his execution — Observations on the preceding excerpts . . 299-314 



Chapter XXVI. 

Conflict of Glenfmin, the Article upon it, in the Records of Criminal Trials by Robert 
Pitcaime— Trial of Allaster MacGregor of Glenstray and several other MacGregors, 
with Notes in Arnold's edition of the Records — MS. Account of attempt to seize the 
Laird of MacGregor by Ardkinlass, Glenstray escaping — Recapture through the 
promises of Argyle and his execution, 1601 — The Laird of MacGregor's Declaration 
at time of Conviction —Trial and Execution of other MacGregors — Excerpt from 
" Black Book of Taymouth " as to those of the ClanGregor executed with Glenstray 
and Notes by editor ......... 315-330 

Chapter XXVII. 

Death of John Dhu nan Lurag, brother of Glenstray, at the Conflict of Glenfmin — His 
immediate descendants — Excerpts from the ** £^u:onage " — The MacGregors hunted 
down with bloodhounds — Death of Duncan Abroch and others slain at Bentoig, from 



Contents xv 



the «• Black Book of Taymouth,'* also from " Chartnlary"— Duncan Abroch's sons, 
from the ''Baronage "—Notice of his sword in the possession of Sir Malcolm MacGregor 
of MacGregor—From the '* Chartalary" : Sundry Messages to " raise the shout and 
fray" upon the MacGregors — Claim for reward from John Colquhoun of Camstrodden 
for capture of certain MacGregors— Letter from the King admonishing Argyle to pro- 
secute his service against the ClanGregor, October 1604— Song « MacGregor of 
Roro" 313-345 

Chapter XXVIII 

From the "Chartulaiy," March 1605 to August 1610: Mention of the two volumes of 
original Minutes of the Privy Council missing from 28th February 1603 to 7th August 
1606 — Lists of MacGregors adopting other surnames and caution taken for several of 
the Clan — Excerpts from Regbter of the Privy Council, edited by Dr Masson, as to 
Resetting, and the Earl of Argyle's demand to have a gift of Kintyre from the King 
in reward for his service against the ClanGregor (about 1607), and from the Chiefs 
of Colquhoun the grant in consequence from King James VL, July 1607 — From the 
" Chartulary " : Allan Oig M^Intach accused of the slaughter of forty unarmed persons 
at the Conflict of Glenfruin — Complaint by the Laird of Luss against MacGregors, 
November 1609, and remarks upon it by Sir William Fraser — Proclamation to prohibit 
owners of boats from carrying MacGregors across any of the lochs where they might be 
seeking for shelter — Further Commissions of Fire and Sword against the Clan and 
Proclamation for assistance to the Commissioners— Also Proclamation against 
Resetters, all in 1610 ......... 346-359 

Chapter XXIX 

From the "Chartulary " 1610 : Two proclamations against transporting the ClanGregor 
across any lochs — Cameron of Lochiel and M^Rannald of Gargavach employed against 
the Clan — Quotation from Introduction of Vol. ix. of Dr Masson's Privy Council 
Roister — ^The Clan having shut themselves up in the Island of Loch Katrine, January 
161 1 — Boats to be transported there and two pieces of Ordnance for a siege — By the 
end of February intelligence that the expedition had collapsed and the MacGregors 
escaped — Act against the Clan, January 31, and pardon offered to any MacGregor who 
may slay or betray another MacGregor— February 19, 161 1, Charge against the Under- 
takers of the Service against the ClanGr^or that they have let them escape from the 
island — ^Accounts of the Siege of Ilanvamoch, from the *' Black Book of Taymouth" 
—A tradition regarding a shot fired from the island — Modem verses on the subject . 360-376 

Chapter XXX 

From the " Chartulary," 161 1, continued : Trials of sundry MacGregors, and Notes of ex- 
penses connected with their imprisonment — Letter from the King to the Earl of Argyle 
and another Commission to him, April 29th, 161 1, and a licence to him to receive the 
offers of any MacGregor who should first enter in " action and blood against any of 
that race and name" — Submission of Gregor MacGregor, ''now called the Laird," 
and Duncan M^Ewin, sometime called the Tutor, under the protection of Alan 



XVI 



Contents 



MacEan duy (Lochiel) — ^Another Proclamation, May 1611, the wives and children of 
the ClanGregor to be rendered up to the Lieutenant (Argyle) and the wives to be 
" marked with a key upon the face " — Overture for transplanting the Bairns of the 
ClanGr^or (May 161 1) to Ireland — Robert Abroch being in Badenoch, with 22 
others, was protected by the Clan Chattan and Clan Pherson, who checked the 
Macdonalds and Camerons in pursuit of them, September 161 1 — ^Another proclamation 
regarding the *' transplanting'' of the wives and children, November 161 1 — Note of 
the King's will concerning the pardon of certain MacGregors — Farther orders against 
Resetters — Dispute (December 161 1), brother of Campbell of Lawers against Robert- 
son of Strowan on account of the vacant lands due to him for the slaughter of John 
Dow M*^Allaster in Stronfeaman, whose widow and bairns are to be ejected 



377-395 



Chapter XXXI 



From the "Chartulary,*' 1612 : Certain Camerons and Macdonalds refusing to follow Lochiel 
and M'^Donald of Gargavach against the ClanGregor denounced rebels — Skirmish 
between the E^l of Perth, with whose forces appeared a number of MacGregors, and 
another body of MacGregors at Tomzarloch, six of the latter killed and five captured — 
Precept of remission in April to the three sons of Patrick Aoloch, who assumed the 
name of Livingston — Commission in July to try certain MacGregors, and condemned 
to execution — Commission in August against resetters, and sundry put to the horn . 396-405 

Chapter XXXII 

From the " Chartulary," 1613, January to June: Remission to Robert Abroch, who had 
applied direct to the King, at which the Council were incensed — Proclamation in 
January against the Clan wearing any '' armour " except a ** pointless knife " — Letter 
in February from Glenurchy to the King, alarmed at a " fresh growth " of '* some 
sixteen score" of the Clan — Memorial as to services of Laird of Lawers and his 
brother against the ClanGregor — List of Resetters fined in May (evidently themselves 
MacGregors) — In June, five MacGr^ors tried and executed for the Conflict of Glen- 
fhiin— June, " Act anent the Bairns" of the Clan ..... 406-418 

Chapter XXXIII 

From the " Chartulary," 161 3, July to December : Earl of Argyle to give the King 22^ per 
cent, of the fines of resetters of the Clan— Certain Landlords of the Clan ofiered pay- 
ment to the King for peaceable possession of their lands — Others objected to the con- 
tribution — Charges and discussions on the subject — In November farther dealings 
about the transplantation of the Bairns, and contributions in regard to their main- 
tenance — In December a roll ordered of all the Bairns of those of the CjanGregor 
who were outlawed — Remission to Duncan Douglas, formerly McGregor of 
Morinsche and Tutor of Glenstray ....... 419-427 

Chapter XXXIV 

From the "Chartulary," 16 14, January: Cautioners to exhibit Robert Abroch, Gregor Gair 
V^Patrick, and several others — March, Remission of John Murray, formerly Gregor 



Contents 



xvii 



MacGregor V'Coull Chere— Trial of Resetters—In August number of outlaws reduced 
to fourteen— From *' Black Book of Taymouth " : In 1615 The Laird of Lawers and 
Glenurchay quarrelled over the contributions to be paid to the King— From the '' Char- 
tulary" : King James VI. visited Scotland, May 16 17— Repetition of proscription of 
the name of MacGregor— In June Act discharging the Custom of ** Caulpes "— 1618, 
Cautioners of certain MacGregors fined for not presenting them 



428-439 



Chapter XXXV 

From the " Chartulary," 1619 : Mention of several MacGregors — 1620, Letter from King 
James VI. to the Lord of Scone urging an agreement between Sir Duncan Campbell 
of Glenurchay and John Murray (Gregor MacGregor of Glenstray) as to entering the 
latter on the lands of Glenstray and Strathmallachan — Injunction for watches to be 
set out to put to justice any " broken men " — 1621, Robert Abroch, with the sons of 
Patrick Aoloch, having broken loose, further complications — 1622, Allaster M^Pat- 
rick McGregor in Caderine captured and executed, and John McDonald Glas slain— 
March 1622, Sundry MacGregors fined for shooting wild fowl— June 1624, Commis- 
sion against a few of the Clan who had *' broken loose'* — February, Offer of sub- 
mission from the QanGregor and warrant to receive them into the King's Peace, 
except Robert Abroch— July 13, Precept of Sasine to Gregor Murray, alias 
McGregor, in the lands of Glenstray, as Great Grandson of Alexander MacGregor of 
Glenstray, the last of the Lairds infeoffed— From the " Black Book of Taymouth," 
1624, Sir Duncan Campbell bought Stromelochan and Glenstray from Gregor M^^Ean- 
dowie McGregor and his brothers Patrick and Ewin — Oct. 20, Robert Abroch ten- 
dered his submission, but was imprisoned— March 1625, Death of King James VI. . 



440-454 



Appendix 



455-467 



Index 469-433 



ERRATA 

Page 17— 5th line, /or *• 37," read •• 38." 

, , 28— 6th Unt,/or " Lawmund MacGregor," as quoted from Professor Donald Gregory, a more 
recent investigator reads ** Lawmund MacErchar." 

,, 31 — and Footnote,/^ '* supposed to be a MacGregor," read " known to be a MacGregor." 

,, 2j4-"XSt linet for *' page 12," read "page 2a." 

, , 47 — 14th line, for ' * Militi/' read * • milite. " 

, , 50— Footnote, ist line, for * * Glensbrae, * ' read * * Glenstrae. ' ' 

„ 85 — 22nd line, for first word '* for," read " qr," (i.^., where). 

, . 86— 3rd ymtf/or • • plegins, " read * * plegius. " 

„ „ I2th line, for ''subcundum," read " subeundum," zndifor " convocationes," read '* con- 
vocationis." 

, , 87— 24th line, for * * fuote, " read * ' furti. " 

„ 89— i2th line, " Qaviger," should be translated '* Macer." 

,, 92— 3rd line, delete " Sir " before Colin Campbell (he was not a knight). 

»» 94 — 3rd footnote, /<7r ** Moreninch," read '* Moreinch." 

»i 99~'3rd line, delete Jirst word ** Ave. " 

„ 119 — ^4th line from fooi,/or •* bann," read " Lann." 

,, 128 — 2nd line, within brackets, /tt *' Lan," read ** Ian." 

, , , , 17th line, for * * LAgfarme," read ' * Lagfame. " 

„ 129 — The letter by the Queen-Regent is a repetition (see page 108). 

„ z74~ioth line from foot, delete inverted commas before *< Notwithstanding.'* 

„ 226— 14th line, /age r^ermce omitted is " 171." 

„ 255— Footnote, /(w *' Chapter IV., page 161," read "Chapter XX,, pages 236-7." 

»• 310— nth line from foot, for " Cniiginche," read '* Craiginche." 

n 355—9^ line from foot, for '• Wm. Lord Tullibardine," read " William Lord Murray." 

fi y/dr^y^ line, delete second footnote. 

%* On page 398, it should be observed that the signs " X " and '* * " precede the 
names so distinguished. 






m. 



^'■ 






^ 



J>^-' 



Introduction 

THE following pages contain the eventful chronicles of a Highland 
Clan, not one of the most numerous or most powerful, but remark- 
able as occupying a distinct place in the history of Scotland. The naifa- 
tive may doubtless be considered a record of crime, sometimes tragical, 
sometimes trivial, yet a careful study of the Race, of the circumstances and 
of the times, must forcibly bring out many claims for a lenient judgment. 
Early and native inhabitants of the country, with pride of ancestry and 
an indomitable spirit, the MacGregors in the fourteenth century found them- 
selves dispossessed of the lands whereon they dwelt, by reason of Charters, 
instruments inexplicable to them, bestowed upon others. From that 
time a sense of wrong and of injustice pervaded their minds. Yet they 
might possibly have been content to maintain 'themselves on lands held 
. by heritable tacks from the landlords in possession, but for two causes. 
First, the natural increase in the numbers of the Clan, hemmed up in glens 
and straths where the means of subsistence were necessarily limited. 
Secondly, the enmity of certain neighbours determined to dispossess them. 
In other countries the turmoils of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries 
were equally violent, but the art of war on a larger scale afforded an outlet 
to the belligerent qualities of their inhabitants, and tended also to decrease 
the population. The MacGregors without any other channel for their energy, 
cramped in the means of livelihood, totally ignorant, and goaded by those 
anxious to profit by their fall, lived by forays and raids. Many other 
Highland Clans and many Lowlanders did the same, but most of them 
had more power to make their struggles against each other effective in 
forcing support from the Government, whereas the ClanGregor, through 
the wiles of their adversaries, became the object of the strongest persecu- 
tion and the most severe penal enactments. Had the opportunity occurred, 
the MacGregors, as was proved later, would have fought for their Sovereign 
with devoted loyalty, but they could not. easily understand that their 

A 



2 History of the Clan Gregor 

personal enemies, through misrepresentations, had become armed with 
the King's authority. The conflict of Glenfruin, in which the ClanGregor 
gained a victory, eventually fatal to themselves, against vastly superior 
numbers, was punished by numerous executions: the Name was pro- 
scribed, the men were hunted down with bloodhounds, the women branded 
on the cheek with a red-hot iron, and yet the Clan clung to the only 
virtues they knew, courage, endurance and fidelity. Their unquenchable 
spirit was never broken, and when the time of persecution was over, 
they revived and brought their noble qualities to a better use. The 
British Army has numbered many heroes from this lion-hearted race. 

The article on MacGregor in Sir Robert Douglas's "Baronage," published 
in 1798, was probably the first accessible history of the Clan, with the 
exception of the short notice in Buchanan of Auchmar's "History of 
Scottish Surnames," first published in 1723. Douglas's " Memoir of the 
MacGregors and the MacAlpins" was written by the late Sir John MacGr^or 
Murray, Bart, before he went to India in January 1770.^ He is styled 
by the editor " An ingenious gentleman who hath been at great pains in 
collecting the materials, and with much care and accuracy hath ranged the 
vouchers and put them into their proper order." This tribute was well 
merited, and Sir John's accuracy both in public and private life was after- 
wards well known ; but modern researches, and facilities of access to public 
records, have thrown a different light on some parts of the narrative, 
whilst on the other hand many circumstances familiar to the writer of 
the account one hundred and twenty-five years ago have now slipped 
beyond recall. 

In the year 1822 the Rev. William MacGregor Stirling, at that time 
minister of the Port of Monteith, undertook the compilation of a history 
of the ClanGregor, for the late Sir Evan Murray MacGr^or, who himself 
revised the MSS. till he went to the West Indies as Governor of the 
Leeward Islands in 1832. The work, which had the able assistance 

^ Doi^Ws "Baronage" was not published till 1798, after the death of the author, Sir Robert 
Douglas of Glenbervie. A MS. note on the margin of a copy in the possession of the late Sir 
John MacGregor Murray's family fixes the period when the MacGregor notice was written, viz., in the 
lifetime of his father, Major Evan MacGr^or Murray, and uncle, Duncan MacGregor Murray, the 
Chief at that time (see subsequent history), who both supplied him with materials. For the 
correspondence between Sir John (then Mr) Munay and Sir Robert Douglas, see appendix. 



Introduction 3 

and co-operation of the late Mr Donald Gregory, was not finished or 
in a form ready for publication at the time of Mr MacGregor Stirling's 
death in 1833, but a great portion of it has been of infinite service 
to the present compilation. Mr MacGregor Stirling had collected 
an elaborate series of Excerpts from the Register of the Privy Council 
of Scotland, and other Records which were afterwards enlarged, carried 
forward and critically analysed by Mr Gregory, and which embodied 
every known authentic passage regarding the Clan. These were com- 
prised in three large folio volumes entitled "The Chartulary^ of the 
ClanGregor/' It was understood that this valuable collection was made 
with the view of assisting the history of the Clan, which Sir Evan wished 
to have published at his expense, and several letters from Mr Gregory 
to Sir Evan allude to the intended publication, but the death of Mr 
Gregory in 1836, and of Sir Evan in 1841, put a stop to the work. 

On the death of Mr Gregory the lona Club, which had been founded 
by him in conjunction with Mr W. F. Skene in 1833, "to investigate and 
illustrate the History, Antiquities and early literature of the Highlands," 
made an arrangement with his executors by which the Club acquired 
his collections, and amongst them the three volumes of the so-called 
Chartulary, together with three companion volumes of pedigrees. When 
the lona Club was dissolved Mr Skene deposited these collections in the 
Library of the Antiquarian Society, with the stipulation that any papers 
claimed by the families to whom they related were to be restored.* 
Circumstances delayed the following up of a claim which seems to have 
been made nearly fifty years ago, but through the courtesy of the 
President and Council of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, with 
the consent and advice of the late Mr Skene, the six MS. books relating 
to the ClanGregor were in March 1890 handed over to Sir Malcolm 
MacGregor of MacGregor, as representative of his great grandfather Sir 
Evan, on whose daughter the privilege of giving to the Clan the results 
of former zealous Clansmen's labours now devolves. 

In addition to these most important collections, and the materials 

^ This title is adopted for reference throughout the present work, but MacGr^or Stirling's 
Collection cannot correctly be styled a chartulary. 
* Letter from late Dr W. F. Skene to Editor. 



4 History of the Clan Gregor 

which are to be found in the Dean of Lismore's MS., the " Black Book of 
Taymouth," and the published " Records of the Privy Council/' (the first 
two volumes edited by Dr Hill Burton, and the subsequent volumes by 
Dr Masson), etc., etc., the papers of many of the Clan have been placed in 
the hands of the compiler. The admirably preserved traditions of the 
Rannoch MacGregors, and their different branches, have been supplied by 
Mr Alexander MacGr^or, Crossbill, Glasgow, now in America, to whom 
thanks for most valuable assistance are due ; also to Mr Gregor MacGregor, 
S.S.C., Edinburgh, for much kind aid, including the revision of the Gaelic 
portions of the work ; to Dr W. D. Cameron and others, whose information 
will be acknowledged in the course of the work. 

One of the objects of the ClanGregor Society, instituted in 1822, is — 
*'To publish ancient or interesting documents or articles on interesting 
events connected with, and to compile an authentic history of, the Clan 
and of the different families belonging to it." In furtherance of this 
object, the present work has been undertaken at the request of the 
Society, and with the hope that the facts and traditions here collected will 
prove of interest to the whole ClanGregor. 

DvufKELDf January 1897. 



878-890] 



Chapter I 
Early Origin 



THE renowned ancestor to whom we look as the Founder of our Race 
was King Gregory, who reigned from 878 to 89a No documentary 
evidence can be adduced to prove descent from a source so remote ; and 
allusion to it is not made here as to an established historical fact, but be- 
cause the tradition has been constantly handed down that Gregory, of the 
race of Scotland's early kings, was the ancestor of the Clan which bears 
his name.^ 

Modem authorities on early Scottish History state that Ciricius, or 
Girig, or Girg, afterwards known as Gregory, whatever may have been 
his connection with Alpin's Royal line, was not King Alpin's son. 
According to the most trustworthy chronicles, his father was Dungaile, or 
Dungallus, grandfather of Run, King of the Britons of Strathclyde, who 
married the daughter of Kenneth M^Alpin. After the death of Aedh, or 
Heth, the last of Kenneth's sons, Eocha, son of Run, was placed on the 
throne of the Picts, and another king, Girig, was associated with him as 
his Governor. It is recorded that he liberated the Scottish Church from 
various secular exactions, in gratitude for which good offices the later 
chronicles, connected with the Religious Houses, afterwards revered him 
as Gr^ory the Great, a Ruler of remarkable wisdom, as well as a 
successful Commander.^ 

^ Our Scottish Historiographer, the late Dr Skene, to \vhose valuable works frequent reference 
must at the outset be made, while deducing the race from^ another source, to be hereafter quoted, 
remarks that the ClanGregor, having recognised Gregory "as their eponymous ancestor, their 
descent from him is now implicitly believed in by all the MacGregors " (" Celtic Scotland," vol. iii. 
p. 364). After this record we may surely preserve our belief, which is thus itself established as a 
matter of history (see Appendix). 

* Taken from " Celtic Scotland," /fr// ediHoH, voL i. p. 329, 330. Mention is there made also of a 
"Church in the Meams " with the name of " Eglisgirg," which still preserves a memorial of Girig. 



6 History of the Clan Gregor 

It may be frankly confessed that, where even the most prominent 
historical characters are involved in considerable uncertainty, it must be 
impossible to trace the lineage of the Clan through the tenth, eleventh, 
and twelfth centuries with any certainty. Such an attempt was indeed 
made in a " Latin History of the Alpinian Family, formerly in the Scots 
Collie at Paris, and recovered from it by David Mallet " the Poet, who 
died in 1765. It is exceedingly unlikely that the date of this history, now 
undiscoverable, can have been earlier than the seventeenth century, before 
which time, the History by Hector Boece (1570) had given rise to much 
spurious tradition ; but it is probable that there may have been threads 
of truth woven into the more elaborate narrative. It may be interesting 
to give a list of the generations, as enumerated in the article on MacGr^or, 
in Sir Robert Douglas's " Baronage," based, in the early part, on this Latin 
document, of which Sir John MacGregor Murray possessed an authentic 
copy, although no trace of either the original or the copy can now be found.^ 

Two very old MacGregor pedigrees have been brought to light since 
Douglas's ''Baronage" was written ; one occurs in an ancient Gaelic parch- 
ment MS.^ dated 1467,^ which contains genealogies of most of the Highland 
Clans. In this document, the ClanGregor is deduced from Fearchar Fada, 
King of Dalriada, of the Lome line, who reigned in the early part of the 
eighth century, through a certain Anrias connected with the Earldom of 
Ross. This pedigree has been printed in full in the " Collectanea de Rebus 
Albanicis," and again in " Celtic Scotland," vol. iii. From these works it 
is here transcribed in Gaelic and in English. 

'' Genelach Clann Grigair. Maelcolaim ic Padruic M^Eoin ic Grigair ic Donch 
M^Maolcolaim ic Gillacrist M^Fearchar ic Muiredaig ic Ainreas M^Cormac ic 
Oirbertaig ic Fearchair M^Fearchair fada ic Fearadaig fin : — 

^ Mr Donald Gregory in 1825 states that the copy was unfortunately missing. (Chartulary. ) One 
reason for here reproducing the greater part of the article in Douglas's " Baronage ** is, that as it has 
served as a basis for small sketches of the Clan history, readers may have an opportunity of compar- 
ing it with other studies on the subject, and observe how far its views have now to be modified. 

* Discovered by Dr Skene among the MSS. in the Collection of the Faculty of Advocates, and 
considered to have been written by a M^Lachlan, 1450. (See Skene's " Highlanders,*' vol. ii. p. 8.) 
Reference is made to the MS. having been printed in the " Collectanea de Rebus Albanicis," edited 
by the lona Club, first number. The genealogies from this MS. are also to be found in '* Celtic 
Scotland/' vol. iii., Appendix, p. 487. 



Early Pedigrees 



Malcolm, son of 

Patrick, son of 

John, son of 

Gregor, son of 

Duncan, son of 

Malcolm, son of 

Gillchrist, son of 

Fercbard, son of 

Murdoch, son of 

Annreas, son of 

Cormac, son of 

Airbertach, son of 

Ferchar og, son of 

Ferchar fada, son of [A King of Dalriada of the line of Lorn, 

early part of eighth century.] 
Feradach finn." 

Dr Skene holds that, previous to the eleventh century, this document is of 
no authority. His own theory is that, *' previous to the thirteenth century, 
the Highlanders of Scotland were divided into a few great tribes, which 
exactly corresponded with the ancient earldoms, and that, from one or 
other of these tribes, all the Highlanders are descended " (" Highlanders 
of Scotland," vol. ii.). 

The other ancient pedigree is to be found in a MS. Latin Chronicle, 
chiefly an obituary,^ composed by Sir James MacGregor, Dean of Lismore,* 
in the sixteenth century, and containing a genealogy of John MacGregor of 
Glenstray, dated 1512. With regard to this list of ancestors (to be given 
later in detail), Dr Skene remarks : — 

'^ Besides the genealogy of this Clan contained in the Irish MS., Dean 
MacGregor furnishes us with one which may probably be viewed as the native 
tradition. In it Gregor, the eponymus of the Clan, has a different ancestry, and 
his pedigree is taken up to a certain Aoidh Urchaidh, or Hugh of Glenurchay, 
which, as Glenurchay was an old possession of the MacGregors, may be viewed as 
the native tradition and more probable descent The usual calculation would 
place him in the end of the twelfth century, but the Dean connects him at once 

^ Sir John MacGregor Murray was acquainted with this obituary. — Ed* 

' Communicated to the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland by Donald Gregory, Honorary 
Secretary of the Society, January 1831, and printed in vol. iii. of the " Archseologia Scotica." 



8 History of the Clan Gregor 

with Kenneth M^Alpin in the ninth century,^ and thus the supposed royal descent 
of the MacGregors must be relegated to the same category with the descent of the 
other Clans from the Kings of Dalriada." ^ 

"To the great tribe of the Moravians, or 'Men of Moray,' belong, in the 
main, the clans brought in the old Irish genealogies from the Kings of Dafriada 
of the tribe of Lorn, among whom the old Mormaers of Moray appear. .... 
The group containing the M^Nabs, ClanGregor, and M^Kinnons, appear to have 
emerged from Glendochart, at least to be connected with the old Columban 
monasteries. The Clans, properly so called, were thus of native origin ; the sur- 
names partly of native and partly of foreign descent." ' 

It would seem unavailing to discuss at further length the question of 
the origin of the clan, always reckoned in the past as the " Siol Alpin " — 
the old motto, "'S RIOGHAIL MO DHREAM," "My tribe is royal," 
will suffice as a memorial of our traditions. We may now pass on to a 
period when the family history begins to be more distinct.* 

At the outset it may be desirable to recall circumstances which, 
although well known, require to be borne in mind, rightly to comprehend 
the subsequent position of the ClanGregor, their difficulties and struggles. 

Amongst the continental nations there arose, in the early Christian 
centuries, the institution of feudalism. To protect themselves against 
hostile armies of foreigners, or against assaults by enemies of their own 
nation, the principal men turned their houses into fortified castles, and 
agreed with the peasants to protect them and their families on condition 
of their surrendering themselves entirely to their liege lord or suzerain. 
The sovereign gave land to his nobles on condition of military service to 
himself, with a certain number of their men; the nobles adopted some 
of their less powerful neighbours, and gave off portions of land to them 
on similar conditions, thus establishing a system of mutual advantage 

^ '' It is obvious that a number of generations are omitted, not even excepting the ancestor who 
gave his name to the Clan."— Note to the Dean of Lismore's MS,, by Mr Gregory. 

* Celtic Scotland, first edition^ vol. iii. p. 362, 363. 

» Ihid^y p. 365. In the "Highlanders of Scotland," vol. ii. pp. 4, 5, Dr Skene seeks to de- 
monstrate that the modem Highlanders are the same people with those who inhabited the High- 
lands of Scotland in the ninth or tenth centuries, the descendants of the great northern division of 
the Pictish nation, unaffected by the Scottish conquest of the Lowlands in 843. 

^ The hereditary belief in royal ancestry, and in an inheritance of the highest courage and truth, 
is shown in the poems from the Dean of Lismore's book, quoted chapter viL 



On the Feudal and the Clan Systems 9 

between the lord who granted protection, the vassals who gave their 
military service in return, and lastly the peasants who received protection 
and entirely gave up their freedom to obtain if. 

Amidst the pressing necessities of the age which gave rise to it, the 
institution undoubtedly had its value, till the nations outgrew it. The 
feudal laws were brought to England by the Saxons about A.D. 600, and 
were made more stringent under the Norman William the Conqueror, 
in 1068. The system was introduced into Scotland by Malcolm 11. in 
1008, but it took a long time before it could absorb the tribal organisation 
then prevalent Certain burdens on land proper to the old Celtic tenures 
gradually became assimilated to feudal forms in the eastern districts, 
whilst in the northern and western the great tribes broke up into clans 
about the thirteenth century.^ 

The Clan, a Gaelic word meaning children, consisted originally of the 
children of a common ancestor, bound together by the ties of blood, loyal 
to the Chief of their race, and sharing his good or bad fortune. Personal 
attachment united each to the other in this family system, which iii 
different degrees has subsisted in most primitive nations, such as the 
Israelites, and even in the present day amongst the Arabs. In the High- 
lands the chiefship was generally hereditary and belonged to the repre- 
sentative of the main stem, but to this there were frequent exceptions. 
The next cadet often became the captain, and transmitted that honour 
to his descendants. Occasionally in cases where the actual chief was 
prevented from taking an active part in warfare, the clan chose a leader 
on elective principles. The chieftains or heads of the different houses 
which had branched off from the main stem were also powerful, and 
exerted great influence over the chiefs; moreover, every clansman had 
his birthright of kindred blood, which gave him dignity and enthusiasm, 
so that it is incorrect in any way to liken members of a clan to the serfs 
of the feudal system. Doubtless there must have been cases of abuse and 
hardship, and the two systems running parallel, where they did not clash, 
sometimes overlapped. The feudal superiors, in some circumstances, won 

^ For details as to the breaking up of the old earldoms and tribes, see ** Celtic Scotland," toL iii. 
p. 287. 

B 



TO History of the Clan Gregor 

the affections of the occupants of their lands, and were accepted in the 
same position as chiefs of race ; but this was the exception. 

The struggle between the Gaelic population of the Highlands clinging 
to the old clan system on the one side, and the feudal overlords, who, 
having obtained crown charters of the lands, occupied by the native races, 
sought to dispossess them, was a long source of trouble and dispeace, 
and the MacGregors, especially, were for centuries irreconcilable to the 
change. 

It may be observed that neither at the period under present considera- 
tion, nor for some time later, does the name of MacGregor, so passionately 
loved and so powerful a talisman in the future, appear to have existed 
as a surname, although individuals ^ of the race can be traced. There must 
early have been numerous descendants of the same ancestor, allied in blood 
and interests, for by the fifteenth century they had become a very large 
clan. The custom of distinguishing different families of the same clan by 
their patronymics — t,e,y as the son of so-and-so— also of giving a " byname," 
or " to-name," to individuals, prevailed amongst Highlanders in very early 
days, and continued long after surnames became general in other places. 

The following is taken from a sympathetic article on the ClanGregor, 
published by Dr Joseph Anderson in 1890: — * 

" There are some minor episodes in Scottish history that illustrate with singular 
force the native intensity of character and fervour of attachment to traditional 
systems, which so often made the nation's progress towards the universal reign of 
law a bloodstained path. The case of the ClanGregor is perhaps the most typical 
of these episodes, which marked the transition from the old Celtic system of the 
military organisation of the clans under the chiefs of their name to the territorial 
system, by which the men of the tribes became the men of their feudal landlords. 
But though its tragic and romantic elements have often been dealt with, the true 
story of the doings and sufferings of the devoted clan has yet to be dug from the 
dry-as-dust sources of historic narrative in contemporary records, and the purpose 
of this paper is merely to show that the records contain material for such a 
narrative. 

'' There is no indication of the reason why the numbers of the clan when they 

^ In 1260 Gilcolm Makgrigir, probably a churchman, is mentioned in the proceedings of a 
court held by the Prior of St Andrews at Dull, in Atholl. Quoted from ''Transcript of Chartulary 
of St Andrews," Advocates' Library, by Mr MacGregor Stirling. 

* Published in the Scottish Review, October 1890. 



Wide Area in which the Clan were Located 1 1 

first appear in record are found scattered over such a wide area of the Perthshire 
and Argyleshire Highlands, unless it be simply that they had spread over the 
adjacent lands and baronies as best they could, in consequence of their chiefs 
holding no land of the Crown. We find them located in Glenurchy and Glenlochy, 
StrathfiUan and Glendochart, Breadalbane and Balquidder, Glenlyon and Rannoch. 
Although by the immemorial custom of the Highlands, to which they most 
tenaciously clung, they owed military service to the chief of their own name only, 
he was not at any time within the ken of record in a position either to provide 
them with homesteads or protect them in their possessions. While the lands on 
which they had settled remained in the Crown they might be safe from eviction, 
but when the lands came to be granted out to local barons, the grantees naturally 
desired to settle their new estates with their own men, on whom they could depend 
for thankful service and punctual payment of rents. The MacGregors, on the 
other hand, in all such cases immediately found themselves in the position of 
occupants of the lands of owners to whom they were unacceptable as tenants, and 
who desired nothing better than to be rid of them at any price. The inevitable 
consequences followed-— eviction, resistance, and retaliation. The evicted tenants 
sought shelter among their kinsmen who still possessed lands, as sub-tenants or 
squatters ; or they became " broken men," and betook themselves to the hills to 
live on the plunder of the lands from which they had been ejected." 

Referring to the Act passed in 1488 

"For the stanching of theft and other enormities in the Highlands," Dr 
Anderson adds, '' this was the first of a long series of similar enactments by which 
the MacGregors were placed entirely at the mercy of their natural enemies." 



[834-900 



Chapter II 
Early Ancestry 

EXCERPTS from the ** Baronage of Scotland," by Sir Robert Douglas 
of Glenbervie, Baronet, Edinburgh, 1798 • — 

" I. Gregor ^ (third son of King Alpin) was brother to Kenneth, Donald, and 
Achaius MacAlpin ; the two former of whom reigned successively, infer annos 834 
et 859. 

''II. Dongallus or Doun-gheal,^ so called from his light brown complexion. 
Martin (who, by mistake, says he was son to Gregory the <jreat,' though all 
historians are agreed that that monarch never had any issue), relates of this Doun- 
gheal, 'that he behaved most gallantly in the wars which King Gregory had in 
Ireland.'^ 'He married' (says the same learned antiquarian) 'Spontana, sister 
to Duncan, a king in Ireland, and their posterity got the name of MacGregor, all of 
them in this kingdom being descended from him.' ^ He died about 900, leaving 
two sons — 

1. Constantine. 

2. Findanus, of whom the MacFindons, MacFingons, or MacKinnons are 

descended. 
" III. Constantine married his cousin Malvina, daughter to King Donald VI.^ 
" rv. ' Gregor na Bratich ' (Bratach), ' Gregor of the Standard,' so called from 
his office of standard-bearer to his uncle, King Malcolm I., son of Donald VI. 

^ See introduction, page i, as to article on MacGregor. Many observations therein not required 
for the genealogy are omitted in present work. — Ed. 

* This name, believed to be that of Gregory's father rather than of his son, shows due search 
had been made in the ancient chronicles. — £d. 

' Mr MacGregor Stirling derives the family from King Gregory, whose historical existence 
is acknowledged (see page i), whilst no Prince Gregor, brother of Kenneth, can be traced. He 
disputes the assertion that King Gregory did not marry, as the wives of the kings were frequently 
not mentioned, unless with reference to dj^nastic connections. — £d, 

* Martin's collection. — Douglas' Baronage. 

'^ " Genealogical CoUections in a Tree of the Family of Glenurchay or Breadalbane. Title, 
MacGregor, vol, iL, page 22."— Macgregd^ Stirling. 

* History of the Alpinian family in Latin, recovered from the Scottish College at Paris by David 
Mallet, Esq. Authentic extract, penes Evan Murray, Esq.— Douglas' Baronage. 



96I-III3] Early Ancestry 13 

He married ' Dorvi^;eldum ^ filiam hostiarii,'^ and was killed in battle with the 
Danes, 961, with King Malcolm, leaving two sons — 

1. Eoin or John. 

2. Galium nam feidh, or ' Malcolm of the Deers,' keeper of the royal forests 

of Corrygeig.' 

"V. Joannes, vocatus Eom Mor MacGregor na Bratich (of the Standard), who 
married Alpina, daughter of Angus, or Eneas, great-grandson of Achaius, brother 
of Kenneth the Great Eoin Mor is said to have been * a comely man of great 
stature,^ and an excellent bowman.' He fought under Eling Malcolm II. against 
Grimus, or Gruamach, so called from his surly looks, and was killed in battle, 
cirdter annum 1004, leaving a son. 

"VI. Gregor Garbh, or the Stout, designated of Glenurchay, a man of martial 
spirit and great renown in Malcolm's time. He also fought under King Duncan I. 
against the Normans and Danes, inter 1035 and 1040, and promoted the restoration 
of his son, Malcolm III. He married a daughter^ of the ancient house of 
Lochow,^ by whom he had two sons — 

1. Sir John. 

2. Gregorious, or Gregor, bred to the church, 'obiit electus episcopus 

St Andria.' 
" VII. Sir John MacGregor, Lord of Glenurchy, a person of very good account 
in the reign of King Malcolm III.,^ inter 1057-1093, and because of his warlike 
achievements, was called ' Shir Ian borb an Cath,' ' Sir John forward in battle.' 
He married an English Lady of great beauty, who came to Scotland in the 
retinue of Princess, afterwards Queen Margaret. He died circa 11 13, leaving 
two sons — 

1. Malcolm who succeeded him. 

2. Gregor or Gregory, who having been bred to the Church travelled to 

foreign parts for improvement, from whence having returned, he became 

^ Histoiy of the Alpinian fiunily in LAtin, recovered from the Scottish G>Ilege at Paris by David 
Mallet, Esq. Authentic Extract, penes Evan Murray, Esq. — Doug. Bar. 

' Professor Gregory writes this '' The King's Hostarius" or "Doorward." 

' Mamlom called (in Gaelic) "The Glen of the Mist," " Corri-cheathich."— Doug. Bar. 

^ The Latin History and Songs of the Bards.— Doug. Bar. 

^ Buchanan's '*Historyof the Clans."—- Doug. Bar. 

* "I find in the gen«dogical account of the surname of Campbell that Sir Colin Campbell of 
Lochow, who had divers great offices from King Malcolm II., had a daughter married to 
McGregor, Laird of Glenurchay ; of this marriage was Sir John, a person of very good account in 
the reign of King Malcolm III." (Buchanan). The Chartulary has the following entry: — ''He 
(Gregor Garbh) married a danghter of ' Paul na Sporan ' or ' Paul of the Purse,' treasurer to King 
Malcolm II., and whose female descendant carried the estate of Lochow, by marriage, into the 
family of Campbell, now Argyle." (Comparison of Buchanan with genealogical table prefixed to 
Campbell of Kimane's life of John, Duke of Argyle and Greenwich.)— Macgregor Stirling. 

^ Buchanan and said heroic Poems. — Doug. Bar. 



14 History of the Clan Gregor [11271 169 

Abbot of the Monastery of Dunkeld.^ Being a person of great piety and 
learning, and because of his ^Either and grandfather's services to King 
Malcolm, St David the King changed that monastery into a Cathedral 
Church, anno 1 1 27, and promoted the Abbe or Abbot Gregory to the new 
see, of which the Bishop obtained an ample ratification from Pope Alex- 
ander III. as well as an apostolical protection ^ to himself. He is witness 
to several Charters in the reign of King David and of Malcolm IV. From 
him the M^Nabs or the 'Sons of the Abbot' are undoubtedly descended. 
He lived to be the oldest Bishop of his time, and died cirdter 1169." 



The notice of Bishop Gregory, to which reference is made, is thus 
given by Myln, who was a Canon of Dunkeld in the sixteenth century. 
The work is a Latin MS. of which there are several translations : — 

'' Gregory, who was at that time Prior of the Convent, and afterwards a Privy 
Counsellor, was the first Bishop. It was by his interest that the lands of 
Auchtertoul and thirty prebends were granted to the Bishop and Chapter of 
Dunkeld, as is contained in King David's Charter; Gregory procured in the 
strictest form, from Pope Alexander III., a protection for himself and his Church, 
in which writing all the possessions are reckoned which they held at that time. 
He sat in this see forty-two years, and died in the year 1169, which was the third 
year of the reign of King William." 



From the " Chartulary " :— 

<< Gregory, Abbot of Glendochart (where from early in the eighth century there 
had been a house of Culdees), next Abbot of Dunkeld, and on the erection of 
Dunkeld into an Episcopal see, the Bishop is said to have been a younger son 
of Sir John MacGregor of Glenurchay, and to have been the progenitor of the 
MacNabs, whose surname signifies 'Son of the Abbot,'' 'the pale Abbot, 
MacGregor's son from Stronuidhme ' (a place in Glenfalloch where he resided at 

^ Dicta historia, Keith's Bishops. Cart. Scone, Dalrumple's Collection.— Doug. Bar. 

* Mill's MS. (Lives of the Bishops of Dunkeld).— Doug. Bar. 

* A note by MacGregor Stirling explains that Abbots in the time of the Culdees were allowed 
to marry ; which, however, according to Myln, must have been altered directly afterwards, as he 
states that the *' good King David changed Dunkeld into a Convent of Seculars, at the same time 
he got appointed a Bishop and Canons, about 11 27." Dr Skene's investigations alter the date, 
places, and persons. ''Mylne is however wrong, both in the date and in the name of the 
Founder'* ('* Celtic Scotland," vol. ii. page 370). Alexander III. created, 1107, two additional 
Bishoprics for the more remote and Celtic portion of his Kingdom, the first was that of Moray, to 
which he appointed a Bishop named Gregorius ; and the second was that of Dunkeld, which he 
revived in the person of Cormac" Note, *' They are first mentioned by name when they confirm 
the charter of erection of Scone, 1115," ihuL^ page 368. 



Origin of Family Arms 1 5 

no great distance from St Phillans Church), b still proverbial in the Highlands " ' 
("Baronage," Keith's Catalogue of the Scottish Bishops, etc.). 

The following passages from Celtic Scotland by Mr Skene are here 
quoted to shew the conclusions to which he has arrived on the subject of 
the MacNabs : — 

"The name of MacNab certainly means the son of the Abbot. In the seventh 
century St Fillan founded a monastery in Glendochart the upper part of which 
took its name of Strathfillan from him, and in the reign of King William we find 
the Abbot of Glendochart ranking along with the Earls of AthoU and Menteith. 
As the property possessed by the MacNabs lay in Glendochart, and we find the 
name of Gillefaelan, or servant of St Fillan, occuring in their oldest genealogy, 
we may certainly recognise in them the descendants of the lay Abbots of 
Glendochart." 

Mr Skene goes on to say that as the son of Aoidh Urchayidh or 
Hugh of Glenurchay bore the name of Gillafaelan or servant of St Fillan, 
and as the MacGregors also possessed property in Glendochart, they were 
probably connected with the MacNabs. 

"VIII. Sir Malcolm MacGregor of Glenurchy, eldest son of Sir John, was a 
man of reputation and authority in St David's time. He married Marijoriam, 
junioriem filiam Willielmi hostiarii, domini rigis nepotis. ' Marjory, youngest 
daughter of William,^ Chief of the Army and nephew of our Lord the King.' 

" Sir Malcolm was a man of incredible strength of body. Being of the King's 
retinue at a certain hunting party, in a forest, his Majesty having attacked a wild 
boar, or some other animal of prey, was like to be worsted, and in great danger of 
his life, when Sir Malcolm coming up, demanded his Majesty's permission to 
encounter it, the King having hastily answered, 'In,' or 'e'en do, bait spair 
nocht,' Sir Malcolm is said to have torn up a young oak by the root, and throw- 
ing himself between his Majesty and the fierce assailant, with the oak in one hand, 
kept the animal at bay till with the other he got an opportunity of running it 
through the heart. In honour whereof his Majesty was pleased to raise him to the 
peerage by the title of Lord MacGregor, to him ^ et haredibus masculis^ ; and in 
order to perpetuate the remembrance of the brave action, gave him an oak tree 
eradicate, in place of the fir-tree which the family had formerly carried. We have 
his arms blazoned by an ancient herald ' in these words : ' Lord MacGregor of old. 

^ The lady's father, as appears, was William, Earl of Murrayse, son of King Duncan II. 
Chronicon Cumbrae. — Chartulary. 

^Workman's MS., blazoned, p. 37, illuminated, p. 249, penes Mr Gumming, Herald printer in 
Edinburgh.— Doug. Bar. 



1 6 History of the Clan Gregor 

Argent^ a sword in bend azure and an oak tree eradicate, in bend sinister /fY^f^^y 
in chief a crown gules. Crest^ a lyon's head crowned with an antique crown, with 
points. — Motto : In do, bait spair nocht Supporters, on the dexter an unicorn 
argent crowned, homed or^ and on the sinister a deei proper tyn'd azure,^'^ 

" Sir Malcolm < was called ' Moref hir Callum nan Caistel,' * Lord of the Castles/ 
because of the several castles which he built; as those of Caol-Cham (now 
Kilchum), beautifully situated at the north-east end of Lochow, and that of 
Finlarig, and the chapel which last was consecrated to the Blessed Virgin, and the 
old Castle of Ta3anouth, at least to have had their residence there and to have 
buUt Castle Coal Churin." 

The "Chartulary" has the following remarks r^[arding this Sir 
Malcolm, styled in Gaelic "Morair" (Lord): — 

** He is asserted to have saved the life of the Sovereign, who must have been 
either Alexander I., or David I. or Malcolm IV., in the act of hunting, and when 
attacked by the wild boar, and to have then obtained in reward for his service that 
armorial bearing which, being emblematical of the exploit, forms, &mid the wreck 
of written documents, one of the muniments of the Family. 

With regard to the Arms the late Mr Donald Gregory sent to Sir 
Evan MacGregor a certified paper, signed by himself and his brother, John 
Gregory, Advocate, after a search made in the British Museum (9th June 
1825), of which the following is a slightly abridged transcript: — 

"The MS. No. 137 1 of the Harleian Collection,* in the British Museum, said to 
have been written and painted by Scotch, but bearing internal evidence of having 
been done by English hands, is titled ' Scotica Nobilitas, 1589.' The MS. contains : 

1. The Atchievements of King James VI., fo. i. 

2. The Atchievements of the Earls of Scotland, twenty-four in number, fo. 

2 to 25. 

3. The Atchievements of the Barons, forty in number, fo. 26 to 67. 

4. The Shires of Scotland. 

5. The Stewartries of Scotland, &c., &c. 

10. Elenchus Baronum, of which the following is a copy." 

^ This blazon was copied by Sir John MacGregor Murray, before 17 10. The book was, about 
that time, exposed for sale, *' with the late Mr Goodall's effects," and others believed to have 
belonged to the family of the former librarian of the Advocate's Library. 

* In the poem by Duncan MacDougall Maoil, in the Book of Lesmore, reference is made to 
" Malcolm who his wealth ne'er hid," and in another poem to " Malcolm of unbending truth," — 
see chapter ix., but his ancestry differs from that given in the " Baronage." 

' This MS., and the coloured sketch of arms, has been verified^by Sir Malcolm MacGregor of 
MacGregor, at the British Museum, Feb. 1897. 



Origin, of Family Arms 17 

In this list of forty, unnecessary to be given here, MacGregoyre is 
placed thirty-eighth, not preceded, like all the others with one exception, 
by the letter L for Lord, thus — 

Harleian MS. continued — 

"37. MacGregoyre. 

39. MacCloyd Heris. 

40, L. of Lome." 

" The Atchievement of Macgr^oyre as painted fo. 64 is Argent a Pine Tree 
eradicate in bend sinister propery surmounted of a sword in bend azure^ hilted 
gules: in Chief an antique crown with points of the last; Crest a lyon's head 
erased proper, langued gules and crowned or. Supporters on the dexter an unicorn 
argent crowned and homed (?r, and on the sinister a deer proper crowned of the 
last." 

In Mr Gregory's letter of the same date he writes : — 

'' I am inclined to think that Workman may have taken his blazoning of Arms 
from this very MS., and from the company in which MacGregor is there placed 
have called him Lord MacGregor of Old." 

This conjecture is not altogether correct. The arms of MacGr^or, as 
"Lord MakGzegour of Ould," occur also in an illuminated MS. in the 
Lyon's office, Edinburgh, compiled about 1565-66 by an unknown hand. 
It became the property of James Workman, a Herald painter, whose 
name, with the date, 1623, it bears. This MS. has been reproduced in 
facsimile in the valuable book entitled " Scottish Arms, being a collection 
of Armorial Bearings, A.D. 1 370-1678," by W. R. Stoddart, published in 
1880. The frontispiece of the present volume is taken from a plate in this 
work, a reproduction of the Arms in Workman's MS. It is remarkable 
that the shield in the Harleian Collection bears a pine tree eradicate, whilst 
in Workman's MS. (which is the oldest) a young oak tree is represented, 
also eradicate. The family of the present Chief carry the oak tree. There 
is a tradition that the pine tree was the original armorial " charge," but 
that after the above related prowess of Sir Malcolm it was changed for 
the oak tree, which consequently pertained specially to his descendants 
and representatives. The Chiefs of Highland clans have the right to 
bear supporters, which right in other countries pertains generally to Peers 

C 



1 8 History of the Clan Gregor [i 164-1200 

only. On the title-page is given the shield, crest and motto to which all 
gentlemen of the ClanGregor are entitled.^ 

Although there may be no historical evidence as to this Sir Malcolm, 
the grant of armorial bearings, commemorating some hunting exploit, and 
the well established tradition of the MacGregor " Morar " (Lord) who built 
the Castles enumerated, affords reasonable probability to the main narra- 
tive. The actual date when the Arms were first given or first used is 
undiscoverable. But it was not till the reign of King William the Lion, 
1 165-12 14, that arms were first borne in Scotland, and that King William 
chose as his cognisance the red "Lion rampant," which constitutes the 
Arms of Scotland. 

" Baronage " continued— 

"Sir Malcolm died, cirdter 1164,2 leaving three sons — 

1. William, his heir. 

2. Gregor, called " Gregor more graund," more because of his large stature, 

and " graund " on account of his being iU-favoured or ugly. Of him all 
the Grants are said to be descended. 

3. Achaius (Hugh), of whom, by the traditions of the family, the Clan 

Achaius — now corruptly called Maccays or Mackays — are descended. 

This theory of the descent of the Mackays is undoubtedly an error. 
They are now understood to be derived from the old Earldom of Suther- 
land. (See Skene's "Highlanders.") In the old MacGregor genealogy, 
given in the Dean of Lismore's MS., to be quoted farther on, one of the 
ancestors of the main stem of the Macgregors bears the name of Hugh, 
and appears to have flourished in the twelfth century. It is probable 
that this Achaius, or Hugh, was a more prominent representative than a 
third son, as stated in the " Baronage." 

With reference to the derivation of the Grants, a family copy of the 
" Baronage " has a note, apparently in Mr MacGregor Stirling's handwriting. 

^ Crests are not considered to come under the same fixed rules as other armorial bearings, but 
the Lion's head is generally adopted by all MacGregors. — Ed, 

' Probably the time when he flourished was thirty or forty years later, and it is possible that the 
two generations of Duncan a Straileadh, and his son, Duncan Beg, came in between Ian Borb 
nan Cath and Malcolm of the Castles. — Ed, 



1238-1290] Line of Chiefs 19 

" In a history of the Family of Grant — in the possession of a respectable Cadet 
(Grant of Bonhard), composed before 17 19, and denying the traditionary account 
of the descent of the Grants from a younger son of the Laird of MacGregor — there 
is the following passage regarding the parents of Patrick Grant of Freuchie and 
Bellachastell, bom about 982: — 'Anlaw, or Allan, the eldest son and repre- 
sentative of Heming Grandt, a man of desirable accomplishments, is married to 
Mora, daughter to Neil MacGregor, a man lineally descended of Gregorious Magnus, 
King of Scotland. This Anlaw (others call him Avelass) got with Mora MacGregorie, 
in portion or tocher, the Barony of Bellachastell and Freuchie in Straspey.' The 
grandson of Patrick (son of Mora MacGregor) was * Gregory Grant of Freuchie.'^ 
The same passage occurs also in the ' Chartulary ' with the remark : * This account, 
which differs materially from the title Grant of Grant, in Douglas's Baronage — ^but 
is obviously preferable, and is confirmed by the other MSS. quoted — may serve to 
account for, and, at the same time, to correct the extant tradition of the common 
origin of the MacGregors and the Grants, whose armorial bearings have a strong 
affinity." 

In consequence of this passage (found, however, only in a modem 
genealogy), the date of A.D. 980 is assigned as the time when Neil 
MacGregor flourished; and he is conjectured to have been a son of 
Gregor of the Standard.^ 

" Baronage " continued — 

''IX. William, Lord Macgregor, who flourished in the reign of William the 
Lyon, and Alexander II. He married filiam domini de Lindsay, and died 
ad annum 1 238, leaving two sons and a daughter — 

1. Gregor, his heir. 

2. Alpin ; who, being bred to the Church, was pfomoted to the Bishoprick of 

Dunblane; inter annos 1232 and 1290."* 

The " Chartulary " notices — 

''From a collation of circumstances, a strong presumption arises that William's 
wife was daughter of Lindsay of Bonhill,'or Buchnull as it was anciently called. 
These Lindsays in the thirteenth century were hereditary Toschsadorachs, and 
Forresters of the Earls of Lennox." 

* " The foundation of the Grant story seems merely to be that the earliest Grant known was 
Gregory le Grant, whose sons Laurence and Robert, called Grant (dicti Grant), witness an agree- 
ment between the Bishop of Moray and John l^isset in 1258."— " Celtic Scotland," vol. iii. 

p. 350. 

' Chartulary. (See page 13.) ' Historia fii^mili^ et Keith's Bishops. —Doug. Bar, 



20 History of the Clan Gregor [1248.1314 

" Baronage " continued— 

"X. Gregor,^ Lord* of MacGregor (or, according to the * Chartulary,' Gregor 
of Glenurquhay) succeeded, and joined King Alexander II. anno 1248 with his 
followers when that Monarch went upon his expedition for recovery of the western 
Isles from Haco, King of Norway. He also flourished in the reign of Alexander III. 
(inter 1249 et 1296). By his Lady Marion, filiam de Gilchrist, he was father of 
Malcolm XI." 

The " Baronage " adds a note that the writer has been unable to discover 
who the Gilchrist was, but the " Chartulary " has a remark — 

^^Circiter 1286. Died Gregor of Glenurchy, who married a daughter of 
Gilchrist (4th son as is believed of Aulin, 2nd Earl of Levenax), founding this 
belief on a Charter by Malduin, 3rd Earl of Lennox, 1238-9, of certain lands which 
is witnessed, it is to be remarked, by John Glendochir, Amalech my Brother, &&" 

In the " Baronage " the successor to Gregor No. 10 is given as — 

"XI. Malcolm (styled Dominus de MacGregor), a person of great loyalty, 
strongly attached to Bruce, whom he is said to have relieved from the chief of Lorn 
at Dalreogh, and to have been mounted on a milk-white steed.* Thereafter the 
King harboured in a large cave in MacGregor's lands, near Craig-Chrostan, which 
is to this day called " Uamh an Riogh " (the King's cave), from which he crossed 
over Loch Lomond, and met the Earl of Lennox. 

'' Malcolm fought at the battle of Bannockbum, and is said to have been the 
person who brought the relics of St FiUansarum from the country of that name, 
then part of his lands, to King Robert's chaplain, who passed it for a miracle, in 
consequence of which the Bruce founded a priory in Strathfillan^ {anno 13 14). 
This Malcolm^ is much celebrated by several bards. He fought under Edward 
Bruce in Ireland, and having received a wound at the battle of Dundalk, of which 
he was ever afterwards lame, he retired home, and was known by the name of 
" Morfhear bachdach," or the lame lord. 

^ There is ground to suppose that Gregor's father's name was John, believed to be William's 
second brother, omitted in " Baronage." (See chapter vn,)—Ed, 

* The writers of the " Chartulary " do not consider that the title " Morer " (equivalent to Lord), 
by which Sir Malcolm was designated, was hereditary, even if it was ever formally bestowed ; but 
after No. VII., styled Lord of Glenurchy in the " Baronage," the '' Chartulary" continues to quote 
the territorial designation. — Ed, 

' Collection of ancient heroic poems, perns Mr John Murray. — Doug. Bar. 
^ The ruins of this priory can still be traced near Crianlarig. —Ed, 

• Said heroic poems. — Doug. Bar. 



1296-141S] Chiefs in the Fourteenth Century 21 

"He died at an advanced age, anno 1374, leaving by his wife Mary, daughter 
to Malise M^Alpin of Finnich, two sons — 

1. Gregor, his heir. 

2. Gilbert, of whom it is said the Griersons of Lag descended." 

The Griersons of Lag claim this descent, which is quite probable 
although it may not be susceptible of actual proof. 

The existence of this second Malcolm seems to be well established by tradition 
and Highland poems. It is said that " Malcolm, chief of the &mily of MacGregor, 
had a command at the army of King Robert Bruce at Bannockbum," but the 
authority for this statement is not conclusive.^ There is also mention of a Malcolm 
of Glendochart doing fealty to Edward of England, 28th August 1296. As Gregor 
(X.) is said to have flourished in the thirteenth century, it seems improbable that his 
son should have lived till 1374. Possibly one or two generations have been missed 
out before or after Malcolm. The MSS. of the Dean of Lismore contains a very 
interesting genealogy by an old Highland seannachie, giving the Glenstray pedigree. 
It is difficult to identify the list recorded in the " Baronage " with the names found 
therein, but in a subsequent chapter this genealogy will be transcribed. 

From the unquestionable authority of the Obituary, known as the Chronicle of 
Fortingal,^ the following entries are here given in chronological order : — 

'^ 1390, April 19. Died John, son of Gregor of Glenurquhay, and was buried 
in Dysart, north of the High Altar. 

Dysart, q. d. Tigh sart — in English, "House of the Highest" — is the old 
name of the Church of Glenurquhay, which was annexed to Dalmally. John, son 
of Gregor, was sumamed Cham, or " blind of an eye," as appears from the two 
entries under 1415. 

It is believed that he was the latest MacGregor in recognised possession of 
Glenurquhay, for his son is styled "in," not "of," that land; but "there does not 
seem ground to suppose that they ever had what alone, according to Saxon ideas 
of landed property, could secure continued possession, a charter of confirmation on 
their resignation into the King's hands. (" Chartulary.") 

141 5. Died Gregor, son of John Cham, in Glenurquhay, and was buried as 
first mentioned. 

1415. Died John the Black (dhu), son of John Cham, son of Gregor at Stron- 
melochan, and was buried at Dysart. 

Stronmelochan was a fortalice at the north-east extremity of Lochaw, near the 
entrance of Glenstray. 

^ " Catalogue of Chiefs," penes Major-General David Stewart of Garth. 

^ Translation of Dean MacGregor's Chronicle, printed with the HUterical Review^ 1831. 



22 History of the Clan Gregor [1340-1413 

The above entries, the Bard's genealc^^, and others from " The Black 
Book of Taymouth/' enable us to define positively that the house of 
Glenstray descended in direct line from this John Dhu, and as he had a 
brother, Gr^or, who coincides with Gr^or, sumamed Aulin, in the 
'^ Baronage/' we are led to believe that these two Gregors were identical 

From the " Baronage " : — 

''XII. Gregor, called Aulin (Aluinn) — f>., ''perfectly handsome" — succeeded. 
He mairied Iric, daughter of his uncle Malcolm M'^Alpin, son of the said Malise, 
and died circiter annum^ 14 13 leaving by his said lady five sons and several 
daughters — 

1. Malcolm, his heir. 

a. John, first designed of Breachd-sliabh, who eventually became Laird of 
MacGregor. 

3. Gillespie, or Archibald, who married and had issue. 

4. Gregor, of whom the famQy of Ruath shruth, or Roro (as will be shown 

later, the name of this son was probably Duncan).^ 

5. DugalCiar." 

In the course of this, the fourteenth century, the sovereigns had given 
many lands to those who supported them, and amongst these were territories 
occupied by the ClanGregor as Crown tenants — i,e.^ settled on the Crown 
lands by roysil favour, either as a reward for military services, or connected 
with the royal house, which tradition asserts, or the tribe may have enjoyed 
allodial occupation of these localities from time immemorial 

From the " Chartulary " :— 

"Before 1340, Alexander Menries, son and heir of the deceased Alexander 
Menzies»* gave a gnmt to ' Avuncolo meo,' Yvaro Campbd^ of all his lands in the 
Baron J of Glendochart 

'*In A.]>. 1340, July 30th. Charter by Alexander Menxies, son and heir of 
Alexander de Menzies, Lord of Glendochart, to Ewar Campbell and his heiis, of 
to marks of land in Glendochart, dated at Kilmarnock, 30th July 1340. 

** 1368-9, Tstfa March. Charter by King David II. at Perth to John of Lorn, 
of the district of Glenlyon, in AtholL (Robertson's " Index of Missing Charters," 
80-141.) 

^ See dnfUerzL 

* In 1374-6 CimpMI is mcntioiied as baviQg leoeiTed it from the Crown, it b s up posed on 
or Malcolm of Gkndocfaait 



Chiefs in the Fourteenth Century 23 

''1374, April 20th. Charter by King Robert II. to Arthur Campbell, son of 
Ewar Campbell, of the lands of Strathquhir, resigned by the said Ewar. 

" 1376, Feb. 9th. Charter by King Robert II., confirming one by his son Robert, 
Earl of Fife and Menteith, to Arthur Campbell of Strathquhir, of certain lands in 
the Barony of Glendochart, viz., amongst others, Kyleters, mor, and beg. Inner- 
hardgowrane, with the Lake of Glendochart, and the Island of Garwhelane, and 
Wester Hardkell (Ardchalzie). " Mag. Sig.," v. 50. 

A pause may here fittingly be made, to clear the ground before 
proceeding to more historic times. 



Chapter III 
Sketch of Scottish History, 1285- 1390 

THE period succeeding the death of King Alexander III., in 1285, and 
of his young granddaughter, the Maiden of Norway, who died in 
September 1290, was the darkest of Scotland's history, only illumined by 
the patriotism of William Wallace, and subsequently of Robert Bruce, 
After a miserable reign of four years, John Baliol attempted to contend 
against Edward I. of England, but sustained a severe defeat at the battle 
of Dunbar, 28th April 1296. Wallace, after a few years of heroic struggles 
to deliver his country, was eventually captured, and beheaded on the 22nd 
August 1305. Bruce, King Robert I., was crowned at Scone, 29th March 
1306, and gained the victory of Bannockbum 23rd June 13 14. After his 
early death (June 1329) Scotland's troubles were again renewed, his son, 
David II., being only four years old at the time. Edward Baliol, son of 
John Baliol, invaded the country, gaining a victory at Dupplin, 1332, and 
Edward III. of England coming to his support, won the battle of Halidon 
Hill, near Berwick, 19th July 1333. But brave and skilful warriors were 
not wanting in Scotland, and having succeeded in winning back the castles 
and towns taken from them, they welcomed home in 1341 the young King 
David, who had taken refuge in France. Having subsequently invaded 
England, he was made prisoner at the battle of Neville's Cross, near 
Durham, 17th October 1346, and remained in captivity till Scotland was 
able to ransom him in 1359. Peace was at length restored, till the death 
of David IL, February 1370-71. 

The dynasty of the Stewarts now came to the throne. Walter, the 
Lord High Steward of Scotland, having married Lady Marjory Bruce, 
eldest daughter of King Robert I., their son Robert Stewart succeeded 
his uncle as King Robert II., and reigned till his death, April 1390. 



Sketch of Scottish History, 1 285-1 390 25 

All that IS known of the ClanGregor during this stormy period is ably 
discussed in a paper by Mr Donald Gregory, entitled " Historical Notices 
of the ClanGregor," which Essay was read to the Society of Antiquaries of 
Scotland, 22nd March 1830, and printed in the " Archaeologia Scotica," 
vol. iv. As this paper is now out of print, and not in general circulation, 
quotations may here be freely given. ^ 

" An early, if not the original, seat of the ClanGregor (one of the few families in 
the Highlands which, so far as male descent is concerned, can be regarded as purely 
Celtic), a family which is generally allowed to be one of the most ancient and re- 
nowned of the Highland tribes, was the valley of Glenurchy, in the district of Lorn. 
From Glenurchy, accordingly, they took their style for many generations. 

"It appears that John of Glenurchy— the chief, probably, of the family — was 
made prisoner by King Edward of England at the battle of Dunbar, anno 1296; 
and that he had afterwards his lands and possessions restored by order of that 
monarch, on condition of going to France to serve him in hb wars in that kingdom. 
In the public instruments connected with the fate of those of the Scottish leaders 
captured at Dunbar, John de Glenurchy is ranked as one of the '^Magnates 
Scotiae," a proof that his possessions holding of the Crown were far from incon-* 
siderable. This individual had — as would seem— died in France; for his name 
does not again appear in any of the transactions of the period. He left a daughter 
and heiress, Margaret, who carried the Barony of Glenurchy to her husband, John, 
son of Sir Neil Campbell of Lochawe, by Lady Mary Bruce, sister of King Robert 
This John Campbell, on whose mother her Royal brother had conferred the Earl- 
dom of Athole, became in her right Earl of Athole. He fell in the battle of 
Halidon Hill, anno 1333, leaving issue by his wife,^ a child, who survived a few 
years only. On the death of this child, the Barony of Glenurchy appears to have 
returned to the family of MacGregor, for there is undoubted evidence of the death, 
so late as 1390, of John MacGregor of Glenurchy. I have been thus minute in 
tracing the history of this barony, as I conceive it to have been the last freehold 
possession of any consequence held by the name of MacGregor." 

In the " Chartulary," the documents connected with Edward I.'s 
prisoners are given at full length. 

"Johannes de Glenurchart, one of several 'Scottish Magnates' is taken 
prisoner in the battle of Dunbar. 

" Mandate by Edward I. of England, 31st of July 1297, bearing the title, ' King 

* Taken from a MS. copy of this Essay presented to Sir Evan Murray MacGregor in 1830. 
« Margaret de Glenurchy must have been his first wife.— See p. 28. 



26 History of the Clan Gregor 

£dward commands that the Scottish Magnates captured in the battle of Dunbar, 
and about to fight for him in France and elsewhere, be liberated from prison. — 
(Rotuli Scotiae)— 1297, July 31st' *The King (Edward I.) to the Constable of 
the Castle of Berkhamsted, greeting. Whereas John de Glenurchart, lately captured 
in the conflict that took place betwixt us and the Scots at Dunbar, and by our 
command detained in the prison of the said castle, hath found before our beloved 
and faithful Walter de Bello Campo (Beauchamp), Steward of our household, 
sufficient bail that he shall immediately pass with us in our service to the countries 
beyond seas, and that he shall well and faithfully serve us against the King of 
France, and other Rebels and Enemies to us in time to come, as in the foresaid 
Bail Bond, recorded in presence of the said Steward, is fully contained. We 
command you that ye cause ye body of the foresaid John to be liberated from our 
prison of the said castle without any delay whatsoever in the foresaid manner.' " 
— Rotuli Scotiae. 

The following remarks from the "Chartulary" relate to the same 
personage : — 

'' Charter by King David II. of Scotland ' To Maigaret de Glenurchy and to 
John Campbell, her spouse ' (Earl of Atholl), ' of the lands of Glenurchy.' " * 

Between 1329, June 28th, death of King Robert Bruce; and 1333, 
July 19th, battle of Halidon Hill. 

"John Campbell, younger son of Sir Neil Campbell of Lochaw by Lady Mary 
Bruce, sister of King Robert I., was created Earl of Atholl on the forfeiture of 
David de Strathbogie, circiter 13 14. He married Maigaret, heiress of Glenurchy, 
daughter, most probably, of John de Glenurchart, captured at the Battle of 
Dunbar, 1296; who had, in virtue of a warrant by Edward I. of England, 31st 
July (same year), been ordered to deliver up his eldest son (if he had one) as a 
hostage. It is unknown whether he had a son. John Campbell, Earl of Atholl, 
was kiUed at the Battle of Halidon Hill." 

The ** Historical Notices " proceed : — 

"Glendochart is another district with which the Clan appears to have been 
connected at an early period. John Glendochir witnesses a charter by Malduin, 

^ Index of missing charters by WUliam Robertson, Esq., one of the Depaties of the Lord 
Clerk- Register for keeping the Records of Scotland, 179S. The terms of this missing charter are 
not known. All the charters extant in the general Register House, Edinburgh, in the reigns of 
Robert L, David II., Robert II. and III., and in the regency of Robert, Dnke of Albany, have 
since been printed. The charter quoted in the text is not among them. Those reigns, and that 
regency, comprehend the period over which Mr Robertson's index extends. A MS. index in 1629 
is the source of the information regarding this missing charter. —Note in *'Chajttilary." 



Gregory's " Historical Notices " 27 

third Earl of Lennox, 3d March 1238, and Malcolm and Patrick de Glen- 
dochart, probably sons of John, do homage to Edward I. at Berwick-upon- 
Tweed, 28th August 1296, being a short while after the disastrous conflict of 
Dunbar. In the lists of the Scots on this occasion, printed by Frynne, Malcolm 
de Glendochart is mentioned twice, and in separate places, once as Malcolm de 
Glendochart simply, and again, in company with amongst others Alexander de 
Argyle (Lord of Lorn), as King's Tenant in Perthshire. From these facts the 
obvious inference is, that Malcolm de Glendochart held lands both as a free baron 
and as a kindly tenant That the individuals designed of Glendochart were Mac- 
Gregors appears highly probable, when, in addition to the well-known fact of the 
long settlement of the Clan in this quarter, we find that the names Malcolm and 
Patrick were common in the tribe. 

"But these were not the only territories in which the ClanGregor succeeded in 
gaining a footing. The numbers of the name that have for centuries been found in 
the adjacent districts of Rannoch, Gienlyon, Glenlochy, Strathfillan, and Balqu- 
hidder, and in Breadalbane generally, to all of which there is easy access from 
Glenurchy, testify the ancient power of the family, and warrant the supposition 
that parts at least of these ample territories were held as free baronies by the 
chieftains of the Clan. 

" If this supposition be thought not unreasonable, it will not be difficult to 
account for the loss of many of these possessions under the reign of Robert Bruce. 

" The Lord of Lorn, who married a sister of John Cumin the Black, brother-in- 
law of King John Baliol, took, as is well known, a very active part in favour of 
Baliol, and after the dethronement of that unfortunate prince, attached himself to 
the Cumin party, displaying a constant and energetic opposition to the claims of 
Bruce. The family of MacGregor, from the situation of their principal property, 
Glenurchy, in Lorn, and probably through their possessions in Perthshire dso, were 
necessarily in strict alliance and otherwise closely connected with the house of 
Lorn, and would naturally follow the fortunes of that very powerful family, in a 
question more especially admitting of so much dispute as that of the succession to 
the Scottish Crown. We find, accordingly, that Bruce had no sooner established 
himself on the throne, than the house of Lorn, with all its followers and allies, 
suflfered severely by forfeiture. Nor were the MacGregors exempted from their 
share of the loss. Glenurchy could not be forfeited, being the property of an 
heiress and a minor ; but the wardship and the marriage were probably given by 
the King to Sir Neil Campbell of Lochawe, his brother-in-law. Glendochart was 
granted to Alexander Menzies, who had married Egidia, sister to the High Steward, 
husband to the Princess Marjory Bruce. The barony of Fortingal became, by the 
royal bounty, the property of Thomas Menzies, son, probably, of Alexander ; and 
part of Rannoch fell by the same process to the ancestor of the family of Strowan 
Robertson, who had been a staundi adherent to Bruce. To the power of the Clan- 



28 History of the Clan Gregor 

Gregor these various grants must have given a fatal blow ; and it is from this reign 
that we must date the downfall of this ancient tribe. 

"Some of the Clan however appear to have taken the other side, for in 1293 
John Baliol, then King of Scotland, issued a mandate to Alexander de Ergadia 
(Lord of Lorn), and to the Bailie of Lochawe, charging them to summon ' Sir Angus 
MacDonald, Knight, Lawmund MacGregor, and Angus, son of Duncan MacGregor,' 
to appear in the royal presence on a specified day, to do homage, and various other 
things obligatory upon them. The first of these three individuals is evidently the 
son and heir of the Lord of the Isles, and the same as he who proved afterwards so 
steady a friend to Robert Bruce. It would thus seem that Sir Angus, and the two 
MacGregors mentioned along with him, and who, from the terms of the writ, are 
evidently free barons holding their lands of the Crown, had not acquiesced in the 
award which placed Baliol on the Scottish throne ; an inference which, as it seems 
perfectly legitimate, will serve to account for Glenurchy's being, as we have seen, 
in 1390, the property of John MacGregor. This, however, did not prevent the 
chiefs of the Campbells who, by their close alliance with the new dynasty, had now 
commenced that rise which has not been less permanent than it was rapid, from 
acquiring a superiority over the MacGregors, which was improved by every 
succeeding generation." 

Dr Joseph Anderson has the following remarks or " resume " on this 
subject : — ^ 

"The earliest notice of the ClanGregor shows them settled in Glenurchay, 
Glendochart, Breadalbane, Glenlochy, Glenlyon, Rannoch, and Balquhidder, 
but not holding their lands of the Crown. Before the date of Robert Bruce 
there are incidental notices of the MacGregors of Glenurchay, but the forfeiture 
of the House of Lorn, with all its followers and allies, with whom undoubtedly 
the MacGregors were closely allied, deprived them of their possessions. Glen- 
urchay was at that time the property of an heiress and a minor, and the ward 
and marriage of Margaret de Glenurchay^ seems to have been given to John 
Campbell,^^ son of Sir Nigel (or Neil), who was created Earl of Atholl, and fell at 
Hallidon Hill, 1333. There was one child of the marriage, who survived a few 
years only, and the Barony of Glenurchay seems to have returned to the MacGregors, 
for there is a John MacGregor of Glenurchay in 1390. 

^ Copied by permission firom a note-book of Dr Joseph Anderson in connection with the 
"Chartulary." 

' After the death of this Margaret de Glenurchay, the Earl of Atholl must have married 
again, for Mr Skene quotes a "dispensation in 1339 for the marriage of Johanna, Countess of 
Stratheme, widow of John, Earl of Atholl, to Maurice de Moraira."— Celtic Scotland, vol. iii., 
appendix, page 452. 

• 5th April 1357-8.— Charter of whole lands of Glenurchy by King David II. in favour of 
Mariota of Glenurchy, daughter of John of Glenurchy, and spouse of John Campbell.— Dr Anderson. 



Gregory's " Historical Notices " 29 

"Immediately after this we find the Campbells of Lochaw in possession of 
Glenurchay, and a family of MacGregors as vassals of the Earl of Argyle in Glenstrae. 
There is no evidence to show how the barony of Glenurchay passed from the 
MacGregors to the Campbells, but in the Black Book of Taymouth ... it is 
stated that Colin Campbell, second son of Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochaw, 
was the first Laird of Glenurchay of the line of Lochaw. In point of fact he had 
a charter from his father in 1432 of the barony of Glenurchy, and afterwards, by 
marriage with the heiress, acquired a third of the great Lordship of Lorn. This 
Sir Duncan Campbell was Kmg's Lieutenant in Argyleshire." 

Continuing the Historical Notice of the Clan, the account of their 
possessions may now be followed : — 

" At what time the barony of Glenurchy was finally lost to the MacGregors by 
becoming, as it did, the property of the Campbells, is a point on which, so far as I 
can learn, there is no extant evidence. Nor is it certainly known how the change 
took place. It has been stated from good authority that John MacGregor of 
Glenurchy died in 1390 ; this individual was contemporary with Sir Colin Campbell 
of Lochawe, of whom I find it said, in a manuscript history of the Campbells, . 
that he added greatly to the property of his family. The words of the manuscript 
are : — ' But never any of that family showed himself a more worthy man than he, 
according to the times he lived to see ; and although, by every one of his pre- 
decessors, some lands were added to the estate and honours of that family, yet 
none of them purchased more of both than he. In effect, he it was (as the proverb 
is) who broke the ice and opened a door to all the after grandeur of the family, 
by suppressing the Islanders and curbing all oppressors.' Duncan, first Lord 
Campbell, son of Sir Colin above mentioned, married a daughter of Robert, Duke 
of Albany, brother of King Robert III., and many years Governor of Scotland. 
This Duncan, Lord Campbell, long known as Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochawe, 
was one of the wealthiest and most powerful of the Scottish barons. He held, 
imder the Jameses I. and II., the office of King's Lieutenant in Argyleshire, which 
invested him with very extensive powers against rebels to the King's authority. 
Whether he exercised those powers to strip the MacGregors of the territory of 
Glenurchy, or inherited this possession from his father, are points on which it is 
impossible to come to a decision. This much however is certain, that he possessed 
Glenurchy, and gave it in patrimony to a younger son. Sir Colin, founder of the 
House of Breadalbane, who is mentioned in a Charter by the style of Glentu-chy, 
anno 1442. 

" 1 have now brought down the history of the ClanGregor to the time when 
I find them in a situation totally different from that of any other Clan in the 
Highlands, namely, without an acre of land held free of the Crown. Although, 



30 History of the Clan Gregor 

however, this was a very singular situation for a Clan so numerous, and so long 
and eictensively established, I have not discovered, from any authentic source 
whatever, that they had at this time become distinguished any more than the 
neighbouring tribes for a predatory disposition. In Perthshire the Crown still 
possessed extensive lands on which the Chieftains of the tribe were seated, 
nominally as Crown tenants, but in reality, from the unsettled state of the country, 
as absolute proprietors; their numbers, and their warlike habits, making it very 
difficult, or next to impossible, for the Crown to enforce payment of their rents. 
Such a state of things could not last During the government of Albany 
accordingly, and in the minorities of the four immediate successors of James I., 
owing to the above, and other causes not less important, these lands gradually 
passed into the possession of the various powerful barons in that part of the 
country whom it was the interest of a weak government to conciliate. 

*^ Although it be well known that the Duke of Albany, in order to strengthen 
his party during the captivity of James I., dilapidated the royal revenues to a very 
great extent by bribing the most powerful families with grants of the Crown-lands 
on very favourable terms in every part of the kingdom ; yet I have not been able 
to trace any such transactions relating to that part of Perthshire of which we speak, 
while he held the government It appears, however, that the Governor himself, 
besides the lands which he held in the Highlands as Earl of Menteith, and as heir 
to the earldom of Fife,^ acquired extensive possessions in Breadalbane. He had, 
^ '375i A i^oyal charter of the lands and barony of Glendochart, proceeding on the 
resignation of Alexander de Menzies. A large portion of this territory, compre- 
hending Glenfalloch, Strathfillan, and the upper half of Glendochart, was held 
under Albany, by Arthur Campbell of Strachur,* the representative of a family 
which had long been seated in this part of the country. The lands conveyed to 
Campbell (afterwards erected into the barony of Glenfalloch) were in later reigns, 
and we may therefore presume, at this time also, almost exclusively occupied by 
the ClanGregor. 

"The mischievous system, introduced by Albany, of granting the Crown-lands 
to those whose support he wished to gain, without reference, as may be easily 
supposed, to the antiquated claims of the Celtic occupants, was checked for a time 
under the active and vigorous sway of James I., but during a century after the 
untimely death of that monarch, and particularly under the long minorities with 
which Scotland was afflicted during this melancholy period of her history, we can 
trace the rise of several distinguished families, through their acquisition, principally, 
of the hereditary property of the Crown. A contemporary writer of undoubted 

^ Isabell, Countess of Fife, resigned into the hands of King Robert II. (amongst other lands) 
the barony of Strathurd, Strathbrand, Discher, Toyer, with the Isle of Loch Tay, in Perthshire, 
22nd June 1389.— Note in " Historical Notices." 

* See Charters on page 23. 



I4S2-I473] Gregory's "Historical Notices '* 31 

authority says, under the year 1452, <Ther wes sindrie landis gevin to sindrie men 
oe the Kingis Secreit Counsall, the quhilk men that is to say, the Lord Campbell, 
to Schir Colyne Campbell, to Schir Alexander Hwme, to Schir Dauid Hwme, to 
Schir James Keyr, and to uther sindrie, quha wer rewardit be the said Secreit 
Counsall, the quhilk men demyt wald nocht stand.' ^ Many such grants haying 
been made during the minorities of the respective sovereigns were, on their attaining 
their majority, revoked ; whilst others, according to the influence of the grantees, 
were confirmed. The uncertainty attending these new titles to the Crown-lands 
must doubtless have encouraged the actual occupants to despise the authority of 
the charters by which overlords were imposed upon them, and in many cases, from 
families with whom they had long been at mortsd feud. The MacGregors, as may 
be supposed, soon rendered themselves obnoxious to such of the families as had 
been fortunate enough to obtain charters to any of these lands ; and consequently 
it became, in almost every instance, an object of the new proprietors to expel them. 
Resistance, though natural enough, became in the end ruin to the weaker party ; 
and it may, I think, be safely affirmed that, in proportion as the MacGregors, from 
being kindly tenants of the Crown, became subject to their neighbours, who had 
a greater interest and better opportunities, and were consequently more successful 
than the King and his Bailies had been formerly, in depriving them of lands to 
which they could produce no better title than occupancy, the Clan grew remarkable 
for opposition to law and order. 

'* This position will appear to have a better foundation if we enter a little more 
into detail as regards the history of the Campbells of Glenurchy, the family of 
Menzies, and of others of the Perthshire families closely connected, in one way or 
another, with the ClanGregor. 

'' In the reign of James III., but in what year is uncertain. Sir Colin Campbell, 
first of Glenurchy, acquired the large barony of Lawers, on Loch Tay, in the 
hands of the Crown since the forfeiture of Thomas Chalmer, who had been executed 
for aiding in the murder of James I. He acquired also the lands of Achriach or 
Achinrevach ^ in Glendochart, which, along with Lawers, he gave to his youngest 
son John, ancestor of the Campbells of Lawers. 

"In 1473 ]^^^ Stewart of Fortingal, and Neil Stewart' his son and heir, had 
from the King a nineteen years' lease of the lands and lordship of Apnadull, Glen 

^ Short chronicle, chiefly of the reign of James II., by a contemporary author, in the archives 
of BosweU of Auchinleck, printed by Thomas Thomson, Esq'*-, Deputy Regbter of Scotland. 
—Note in «* Historical Notices." 

* Malcolme Johnsoun of Auchinrevach (supposed to be a MacGregor) disponed his lands of 
Auchinrevach, lying in the barony of Glendochir and shire of Perth, to Colin CampbeU of Glen- 
urchay, K', by charter dated 6th July 1463. — Giartulary. 

• The father died at Garth, loth December 1475, and the son at the same place, 31st Jan. 
1499- 1 500.—" Chronicle of FortingaL" The Stewarts of Fortmgal were descended from a natural 
son of the celebrated Wolf of Badenoch, by Johaneta de Menzies, heiress of Fortingal. 



32 History of the Clan Gregor [1488-1492 

coich, Glenlyon, Strathbrawin, and Rannoch, all in Perthshire.^ They had, besides, 
a royal grant, for the same term, of the office of bailiary of those lands ; and it was 
at the same time provided that they should have the lands of Rannoch free of all 
duties and services during the whole of the period above mentioned — a plain proof 
that, so far as Rannoch was concerned, it was not expected to prove, in any other 
way at least, beneficial to the lessees. This lease expired in 1492, and, to Stewart's 
mortification, was not renewed. A great part of the power which it had conferred 
on this family passed, as we shall have occasion to see, into the hands of 
Glenurchy. 

" In the minority of James IV., anno 1488, being the first of his reign, a Parlia- 
mentary Act was passed for the * stanching of thift, reiflf, and uther inormitcis throw 
all the realme ; ' and amongst others of the barons, the following became bound to 
seek out and punish such as should be guilty of those crimes in the districts over 
which their authority in cumulo extended, and they were for this purpose furnished 
with extensive powers — viz., Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy, Neil Stewart of For- 
tingal, and Ewyne Campbell of Strachur (proprietor of Glenfalloch). The districts 
were Disher and Toyer,* Glenurchy, Rannoch, ApnaduU, Glenlyon, and Glen- 
falloch. It is evident that if this Act was enforced at all, it must have fallen with 
accumulated severity upon the landless and consequently desperate ClanGregor. 
It is much to be doubted, however, if the morals of this now obnoxious race would 
be greatly improved by such discipline; and whether it was not rather to be 
expected that their feelmgs, in the situation in which they found themselves placed 
relatively to these powerful barons, must, in even a people far less high-spirited, 
have been indignation and the thirst of vengeance. 

" Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy, in this reign, made vast additions to the 
property of his family in Perthshire. He acquired the King's lands of Balloch 
(now Taymouth), and others on Loch Tay, in 1492. About the same time he 
obtained the important ofiSce of Bailiary of the Crown-lands of Disher and Toyer, 
Glenlyon and Glendochart, in most of which he was moreover the principal tenant. 
The acquisition of the office of bailiary was in this, as in most other cases, merely 
a prelude to the lands becoming hereditary in his family. Accordingly, in 1502, he 
had a charter of the lands of Glenlyon, which he gave to his son Archibald, founder 
of the family of Campbell of Glenlyon. Some years later he acquired, from private 

^ Mag. Sig, — The lands of Rannoch mentioned here must not be confounded with that part of 
the ancient Lordship of Rannoch granted by Robert Bruce to the ancestor of Robertson of Strowan, 
the former being in fact what remained to the Crown of the Lordship after that grant, and com- 
prising (probably) the greater part of it. 

' The Lordship of Disher and Toyer comprehended the lands on both sides of Loch Tay (with 
some exceptions), and likewise the rich valley of Glenlochay, lying between Glenlyon and Glen- 
dochart. Disher and Toyer are Gaelic, the former signifying a tract of country having a 
southern exposure, the latter a northern. The three last notes occur in the ''Historical 
Notices." 



1502.1504] Gregorys '' Historical Notices " 33 

individuals, the barony of Fynlarig, at the west end of Loch Tay ; the lands of 
Scheane (Shian) and others, and the lands of Crannych — ^all in the same district ; 
so that before his death (in the battle of Flodden) in 15 13, he had undoubtedly 
become one of the most influential barons of Perthshire; and if we take into 
account his possessions in Argyle, there were few barons of greater power in 
Scotland. 

'* Whilst the Laird of Glenurchy was thus extending the influence of his house 
in one part of the territory occupied by the ClanGregor, the head of the ancient 
family of Menzies followed his example in another. Robert Menzies of that Ilk 
had (1502) a royal charter of what remained to the Crown of the lands of Rannoch, 
a district claimed by the Clan as more peculiarly their own. 

''It may naturally be supposed that these proceedings were viewed with a 
favourable eye, neither by the MacGregors (the actual occupants) nor by the 
Stewarts of Fortingal, so lately all but proprietors of Glenlyon and Rannoch. 
Deadly feuds immediately arose; and the ink on his charter of Rannoch had 
scarcely dried when Menzies's Castle of Weyme was burnt to the ground by Neil 
Stewart and his associates, and all his lands laid waste.^ 

"These dissensions attracted the attention of the Government, and in 1504 the 
Earl of Athole, a near kinsman of Stewart, Stewart himself, and the Lairds of 
Glenurchy and Strowan Robertson, with MacGregor, were summoned to attend 
Parliament on a charge of treason. What the final result was does not appear. 
Rannoch was still the theatre of intestine broils, nor could the chartered holder 
make good his title by actual possession. To strengthen himself, he, in 1505, 
entered into a contract with the Earl of Huntly, which contained, among others, the 
following stipulations: — (i) Menzies's eldest son, Sir Robert, became bound to 
marry Lady Jean Gordon, the Earl of Hundy's daughter. (2) The lands of 
Rannoch were by Menzies let to Huntly for five years, the latter binding himself 
to stock it with the best and most obedient tenants that could be found ; and also 
to assist and maintain the Laird of Weyme and his son in the peaceable enjoyment 
' of their lands in Perthshire, to aid them in all cases of need, and to help them in 
getting tenants for their lands." 

The "Chartulary" gives, under date 1504-5, March 15th, the following : — 

" In the actioun and causs persewit be Robert Menzies of that Ilk Kny^ aganis 
Nele Stewart of Fothergilt, for the wranguss destruction and down casting of his 
Mansion place and Fortalice of the Weme, and for the burning and destruction of 
divers vittualles in sicht gudes &c." — ^with details of the same. The "Chartulary" 

* Chronicle of Fortingal. (1502, September— Weym was burned by Neil Stuart of Gart.) The 
Lord High Treasurer's books contain the following entry under 12th October 1502:— -"Item to 
Robert Wallace, Messengeir to pass in Stratheme to wame the Lordis of the countrie to pas to 
freithe the Lord of Weyme quhen Neill Stewart segit him, vij. s."— Note in ** Historical Notices." 

£ 



34 History of the Clan Gregor [1523-1531 

remarks of another Decreet ("No MacGregors unless Duncan Patrikson be 
one/y 

" About this time Neil Stewart resigned his lands of Fortingal to Huntly.^ All 
the power, however, of this nobleman, which the acquisition of Fortingal tended to 
increase in relation to the projected settlement of Rannoch, i&iled to put his ally 
Menzies in quiet possession of this turbulent territoiy. In 1523, Menzies having 
by Janet, Countess of Athole,^ been charged to expel thence the Laird of MacGregor 
and his Clan, on account of some depredations alleged to have been committed by 
them upon the Countess's tenants, stated to the Lords of Council that it was 
impossible for him to comply, * seeing thai the said MacGregor on force enterit the 
said Robertis landis of Rannoche^ and withhaldis the samyn from him maisterfullie^ 
and is offer gretar powar than the said Robert, and will nocht be put out be him of 
the saidis landis.^ ^ Upon this statement he was absolved from all liability till the 
matter should be further investigated. Several years appear to have passed over 
before any very vigorous measures were taken against the ClanGregor in this quarter. 
In 1530 the Laird of Enoch, Menzies of that Ilk, *askit instrumentis that without 
sum gud rewle be fundin for the ClanGregour, he may nocht ansuer for his landis, 
nor be bundin for gud rewle in the samin as he allegit.' It was probably in 
consequence of this representation that, in 1531, John, Earl of Athole, was sent by 
the King against the offenders, and succeeded in taking the Castle in the Isle of 
Loch Rannoch, and in expelling thence the 'brokin men of the ClanGregour.* 
The negligence of the government, however (which can only be accounted for 
from the King being engaged at this time in reducing the Islemen to obedience), 
neutralised any good effects that might have been expected to result from Athole's 
success; for in December 1531 we find the Earl complaining that his expenses in 
this expedition, which he states to have been very high, had not been reimbursed 

1 Mr Duncan Campbell, in the " Lairds of Glenlyon," gives further explanations, of which the 
following is an abridgment: — "In 1473, John Stewart of Fortingall and Neil, his son, had a 
nineteen years' lease from James III. of the Royal lands and lordships of Apnadull, Glenquaich, 
Glenlyon, Strathbrawin, and Rannoch. The MacGregors of Roro, and others of the Clan, aided 
Neil Stewart in his struggles in aid of the King, after whose death he attacked some of the Barons 
who had sided with the Prince against his father. On the accession of James IV., Neil Stewart's 
lease was not renewed, the Barony of Glenlyon was given to the Laird of Glenurchy, and the 
north side of Loch Rannoch to Sir Robert Menzies of Weem. Neil Stewart died at Garth, early 
in 1499, and his son, 'Niall Gointe of Garth,' burnt Weem Castle and took Sir Robert Menzies 
prisoner in September or October 1502." 

* "The person who burned the Castle of Weyme, and who resigned Fortingal to the Earl of 
Huntly, was grandson to John and son to Neil Stewart of Fortingal."—" Historical Notices." 

* " This lady is omitted m both editions of Douglas's * Peerage.' " She was apparently Janet, 
youngest daughter of sixth Lord Forbes, second wife of John Stewart, third Earl of Atholl, who 
died 1542 ; but as the Earl's first wife, Grizel Rattray, did not die before March 1537, there seems 
to be an error in dates. — Ed. 

* '* Full Transcript," chapter viii. 



Gregorys ''Historical Notices'' 35 

to him, and that the whole charge of garrisoning and keeping the Castle, from the 
time of the siege in October preceding, had been defrayed by him in addition, 
notwithstanding repeated applications to the Council on the subject ; and finally, 
making a solemn protest that any inconvenience that might arise from the Council 
refusing or delaying to receive the Castle from him should not be kid to his charge. 
It may be presumed that his complaints still passed unheeded, and that the Earl in 
disgust left the Island Fortress to be occupied by the former inhabitants ; for no 
great time elapsed before the Laird of Weyme found himself under the necessity of 
obtaining an exemption from answering for the police of his lands of Rannoch, on 
the score of the alleged untameable insubordination of the ClanGregor dwelling 
therein. This state of things was in full force so late as the year 1684, when Sir 
Alexander Menzies of Weyme obtained an exemption of this kind, which refers 
to two former exemptions granted by Mary of Guise, Queen-Regent, and by her 
daughter. Queen Mary, respectively. It was long after even this late period ere 
the family of Menzies succeeded in enforcing all the rights of firee property in 
this large barony." * 

1 The "Historical Notices" are continued in chapter xiv. 



[I390-I424 



Chapter IV 
Sketch of the Reign of King James I 

KING JAMES L, born in 1390, was captured by the English on his 
way to be educated in France, shortly before his father, King 
Robert III.'s death, which took place 4th April 1406. The first part of 
his reign the sovereign power was exercised by the King's uncle, the Duke 
of Albany, who was succeeded as Regent by his son Murdoch. King 
James I. returned from his captivity in England in 1424. He was an 
energetic ruler who sought to curb the power of his nobles, and also to 
crush the Highlands by severe measures. Tytler in his "History of 
Scotland," regarding this reign, gives the following description of the 
country at that time : — 

" Besides such Scoto-Norman barons, however, there were to be found in the 
Highlands and Isles, those fierce aboriginal chiefs who hated the Saxon and the 
Norman race, and offered a mortal opposition to the settlement of all intruders 
within a country which they considered their own. They exercised the same 
authority over the various clans and septs, of which they were the heads or leaders, 
which the baron possessed over his vassals and their military followers ; and the 
dreadful disputes and collisions which perpetually occurred between these distinct 
ranks of potentates, were accompanied by spoliations, ravages, imprisonments and 
murders which at length became so frequent and so far extended that the whole 
country beyond the Grampian range was likely to be cut off, by these abuses, from 
all regular communication with the mere pacific parts of the Kingdom."^ 

Amongst sundry enactments in the Parliament held in March 1424, 
the following was issued : — 

"46. Anent remissions to be given, and assithment or partie. Item it is ordained 
be the Parliament, that quhair the King gives remissiones til onie man, with con- 
dition to assyth the partie skaithed and compleinand ; That consideratioon be had 

1 TyUcr's «* History of Scotland,"/rj/ editicn^ voL iii. page 215. 



1436] Sketch of the Reign of King James I 37 

of the Hieland men, the quhilkis before the Kingis hame cumming commonlie reft 
and slew ilk ane utheris ; hot in the Lawlands quhair the skaithes done may be 
kend of all, or of part that there be chosen gud men and leil swome thereto, to 
modifie amendis after the qualitie and quantitie of the person, and of the skaithes, 
gif the parties cannot concorde be themselves ; or the quhilks modificationes, baith 
the parties sail hald them content." ^ 

Mr Tytler thus comments on this part of the Act : — 

" It was declared to be the intention of the sovereign to grant a remission or 
pardon of any injury committed upon person or property in the lowland districts of 
his dominions, where the defaulter made reparation, or, according to the Scottish 
phrase, 'assytiiement,' to the injured party, and where the extent of the loss had 
been previously ascertained by a jury of honest aad faithful men ; but from this 
rule the Highlands were excepted, where on account of the practice of indis- 
criminate robbery and murder which had prevailed, previous to the return of the 
King, it was impossible to ascertain correctly the extent of the depredation, or the 
amount of the assythement. The condition of his northern dominions, and the 
character and manners of his Highland subjects, whose allegiance was of so peculiar 
and capricious a nature, had given birth to many anxious thoughts in the King, and 
led not long after this to a personal visit to these remote rq;ions, which formed an 
interesting episode m his reign." ^ 

The murder of King James I. by the traitor Graham, in February 1436, 
again plunged Scotland into the troubles of a long minority amidst rival 
factions seeking their own interests. 

The following entries relating to the fifteenth century are taken from 
the"Chartulary":— 

"i436-7> Feb. 18. King James I. murdered at Perth. Henry MacGregor 
appears to have been an actor in the murder, and to have sufifered death 
for his share in that barbarous deed. The proof of this is contained in a 
charter^ of King James III. in favour of Robert de Ros, dated 14th August 
1479. * James (III.) by the Grace of God, &c : Whereas it hath lately 
come to our knowledge that the late Henry M^Gregour, father of the late 
Murdac Henrisoune, was present at the traiterous and most cruel death of 
our late most serene grandfather, the most illustrious James I., King of 
Scots, and for this was executed, and the said Murdac, son of this traitor, 

^ Acts of Scottish Parliament, King James I., March 1424. 

* Tytler's "History," vol. iii., page 197. 

* From the same Charter it appears that Murdac had no lawful issue. 



38 History of the Clan Gregor [1440-1484 

had one tenement with pertinents lying in our Burgh of Perth, acquired by 
the said Murdac, &c.' The name Murdac affords a sh'ght presumption that 
Henry McGregour had been a partisan of the late unfortunate Regent Mur- 
dac, part of whose offences is understood to have been the alienation (in 
imitation of his father, the previous Regent) of the Crown lands. 

'' 1440-1, 2ist June. Charter by King James II. to John Menzies, son and heir 
of David Menzies Kt: and monk of the Monastery of Melrose and to his 
heirs, of the barony of Rawir, Lands of Weyme, Aberfallibeg, of Cumrey, and 
the lands of the Thanage of Crennich &c. 

" 1440, Jan. 8. Charter by John Lockart of Bar to his son Robert of the lands 
of Bar in Ayrshire witnessed among others by * Gilb: Greresoun ' Register 
of Great Seal, 111-148. 

" 1463, July 5th. Malcolme Johnsoun of Auchrevach disponed his lands of 
Auchinrevach,* lying in the barony of Glendochir and shire of Perth, to 
Colin Campbell of Glenurchay Kt by charter. The charter by John- 
soune is signed at Perth, and one of the witnesses to it is ' Murdacus 
Henrisoun.' 

" King James II., who had succeeded his father at the age of six, in 1436 was 
killed by a splinter from the explosion of a gun at the siege of Rox- 
burgh, 3d August 1460, having shown himself a sovereign of vigour and 
capacity. 

" 1483, Feb. 19th. Donald Balloch MacGregor with several others ordered by 
the Lords Auditors *to content and pay to the Prior and Convent * of the 
vale of Virtue beside Perth the soume of fourty pund, aucht be him for the 
mailes of their landis in Athol' 

" 1484, Oct. 2 1 St. In the action and cause pursued by Schir Duncan M^Gregore, 
Vicar of Drumman, against James Arthursoune, for the wrongous occupation 
and detention of the mansion of Drumman, and taking up the fermeze and 
profits of the said mansion, and for the withholding of ' ane vmast cloth ' 
pertaining to the said Vicar by the decease of Jonet Badly and for the with- 
holding of los of borrowed silver. The Schir Duncan being present, and 
the said James bemg lawfully called and not compeired, the Lords decree 
and deliver the said James does wrong in the occupation of the said 
mansion. 
1484, Oct. II. In an action by Margaret Lady Torre against Lioune of Logy- 
almond and others for wrongous occupation of the Manys of Logy, &* occur 
the names of Alane Grigsoune and Johne Gregorsoune." 

^ The Lands of Auchinrevach are believed to have been the earliest MacGregor possession in 
Perthshire.— ^dT. 

• ** Charterhouse of the Vale of Vertu." This and the next three entries occur in the ** Acta 
Dominorum Audltorum," formerly at Perth. 



Enactments for Tranquillising the Highlands 39 

King James III. was killed at the battle of Sauchie Burn, i8th June, 
1488. The notices of the Clan during the previous stormy period are 
meagre. The Obituary has the following entries : — ^ 

" 1440, April 20th. Death of Malcolm, son of John dhu MacGregor, at Glenur- 
quhay, on the 20th of April ; he was buried in the manner formerly mentioned. 

'* 1461. Death of Patrick MacGregor, Laird of Glenstray,^ at Stronemelochane ; 
he was buried in Dysart, in the way before mentioned. 

" 1477, February 17th, Death of Duncan Beg MacGregor, at Roro."* 

In the first Parliament after the accession of James IV., held in Edin- 
burgh, 17th October 1488, 

"A determined effort was made for the putting down of theft, robbery, and 
murder—crimes which were at this moment grievously prevalent — by dividing the 
kingdom into certain districts, over which were placed various Earls and Barons, 
to whom full authority was entrusted, and who promised on oath that they would, 
to their uttermost power, exert themselves in the detection and punishment of all 
offenders.* 

" On this occasion, the districts of ' Renfrew, with Dumbarton, the Lennox, 
Bute and Arran,' were entrusted to the Earl of Lennox, Lord Lisle, and Matthew 
Stewart ; Stirlingshire to the Sheriff of Stirlingshire and James Shaw of Sauchie ; 
Menteith and Strathgartney to Archibald Edmonston ; Glenurquhart, Glenlyon, and 
Glenfalloch to Neill Stewart, with Duncan and Ewin Campbell ; Athole, Strathem, 
and Dunblane to the Earl of Athole, Lord Drummond, and Robertson of Strowan."^ 

The following is the text of part of the enactment : — 

"Item anent the stanching of Theft, Reft, and other enormities through all 
the realm ; the Lords underwritten have made faith and given their bodily oaths 
to our Sovereign Lord in this his parliament, that they, and each of them, shall 
diligently with all care and besinace, search and seek where any such trespassers 
are found or known within their bounds, and to take them and justify them, or 
make them to be sent to our Sovereign Lord to be justified. And they shall 
have power of our Sovereign Lord, under his white wax, to take and punish the 
said trespassers without favour according to Justice. And also to give them power 
to cause others, small Lairds within their bounds, to mak faith likewise ; And to 

* See chapter vi. 

' Son of the preceding, and the first mentioned under the designation of Glenstray. 

* The first mention of the famUy of Roro in the Obituary. Sec chapter vi. 

* Tytler's ** History," vol. iv. p. 293. 
' Abridged from idid. 



40 History of the Clan Gregor [1499-1502 

rise and assist them in the taking of the said tresspassers ; and this Act to endure 
to our Sovereign Lord's age of xxi years, &*." 

"Among these Lords we find Duncan Campbell, Neille Stewart, and Ewyne 
Campbell for Discher, Toyer, Glenurquhar, Rannoch, Apnadule, Glenlioun, Glen- 
falloch." (" Parliamentary Record," first Parliament of King James VI.) ^ 

"In 1 49 1, Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy had a Charter of the Port and Isle 
of Loch Tay, and certain of the King's lands adjacent to Loch Tay. In 1498 he 
had the 'Balliary' of all the King's lands of Discher, Toyer, Glenlyon, and the 
Barony of Glen Dochart." — (Dr Joseph Anderson.) 

" 1499-1500. Precept of Remissioun to Patrick McGregor, Remittand to him 
the slauchter of umquhill Gillaspy M^Neluss, &■ " (all after crime). 

Continuation of the notices in the public Records, after the Act of 
James IV.'s first Parliament, as taken from the " Chartulary " : — 

" 1499-1500. Decree at the instance of Alexander, Earle of Menteith, against his 
tenants of certain lands, Ledard, Franach, Dowlochcon, &S and amongst 
those tenants are Malcolm MakGregour and John Dow Malcolmson, whose 
names immediately follow that of the others. Acta Dominorum Concilis 
and Secessionis. 

" 1499-1500, February 20th. A precept of Remissioune for Patrick M*<}regor 
Remittand him the slauchter of vmquhile Gillaspy M^Neluss, and for all 
crime that may be imputed to him zairfoir alanerlie, &S the usual exceptions 
for capital crimes, treason, &^ following de data xx Februarij anno Regis 
xij. Registrum Secreti II. 4. 

"1500, December i6th. Charter by King James IV. at Stirling to Robert 
Porterfield, son and heir to John Porterfield of that Ilk, and to Janet 
Maxwell, spouse to the said Robert, and lawful heirs of their body of the 
forty shilling lands of Porterfield, with the liberty of the Burgh of Ren- 
frew, reserving to the said John a free tenement, and to Klatherine * Macgregor' 
('Nighean Vic Gregor' that is daughter of MacGregor) a reasonable tierce. 
Register of Great Seal. 

"1501, June 14th (13th year of the reign of James IV.). Duncan Campbell 
of Glenurchy having compounded with the King, and bound himself 
for the good order of the inhabitants of Discher, Toyer, Glenlyoun, Glen- 
dochart, Glenlochy, and Glencoich, obtains a general Remission to them all, 
of all crimes committed by them before the above date, with the usual 
exceptions of Treason, Murder, Fireraising, and Rape. 

" 1502, September 1st The following lands let on feu to Robert Menzies of that 
Ilk by Charter of our Lord the KLing, * Rannauch,' viz., Downane, Kin- 

* Given in " Chartulary." 



Mention made of Sundry MacGregors 41 

daucher, le twa Cammysyrochtisy Ardlaroch, Kilquhonane, Laragne 
(Learan?), Ardlar, Laragan, Insula de Lochranach, the louchies of Rannach 
Yrouchy (Ericht)^ cum aliis lacubus et Insulis eiusdem cum pertinentibus. 
Rentale Supremi Domini nostri Regis.^ 
" 1503, April 22. Charter by James IV. 'confirming one of same date by John 
Lord Dnimmond of the lands of Fynlarg (Finlarig) in the Lordship of 
Glendochart, to Duncan Campbell of Glenurquhay. 
''1503, April 22. Charter by James IV. of certain lands in Lordship of 
Strathire and Stewartry of Buchquhidder sold to the £arl of Argyle in a 
cause ' Argyle versus Walter Buchanan of that Ilk/ 
" 1503, September 21st Item ye xxi day of September to Makgregoris man 

which brect venisoun to the quene x. s. Compot Thesaur. 
'<0n the 8th June 1504 'Alexander Robertson of Strowan' and 'MacGr^or 
Inenvich ' ' were noticed by the Parliament as charged with Treason. Parliamentary 
Records of this date ' Probation of the summondis of Alexander Robertson of Strowan 
and Makgregor Inenvich. The said day Thomas Chisholm, Sheriff deput, swor 
in jugement that he execut the summons of tresson upon Makgregor Inenvich 
befor the said witnesses swome in jugement' Continuatio summonitionis Mak- 
gregor Inenuyck et Alexandri Robertsone de Strowane. Quo ecciam die 
Makgregore Inenuyck et Alexro Robertson de Strowane sehe vocat per tras dui 
Regis sub testimonio Magni Sigilli et tenore eiusd ad respondere dicto supremo 
domino nostro Regis super certis proditoriis actionibus in eisdem literis contentis ; 
et non comparentibus continuantur ad decimam diem Octobris, &c" — Parliamentary 
Records. 

*' 1504, August I St Item the first day of August to ane man to pas with the 

Kingis writing to Makgregor 9 shillings, Lord Treasurer's books, commonly 

called ' Compot Thesaur,' doubtless the same as he who had sent venison to 

the Queen the previous year. 

" 1505, Novr. Sir Robert Menzies sublet Rannoch for five years to Earl of 

Hundy, whose daughter he married. 
'* 1506, August 28th. Item the 28th day of August to the Vicar of Balquheder 
quhair the king lugeit, 28 shillings. 

'* Item for a cloke to the King in Balquheder, 27 shillings and 8 pence. 
''Item the ist day of September in Inchcalloun to ane Clarscha 
('Clarsair,' harper), 13s. 

^ Errochd, "arotmd which were many broken men of the ClanGregor." — Red and White 
Book of Menzie3. 

* These lands were at some time erected into the free Barony of Rannach. — Red and White 
Book of Menzies. 

' Inenvuyche or Innervncht in Glenlyon. 

F 



42 History of the Clan Gregor [1506-1510 

" Item the 2d day of September to Makgregouris men bed com etin tua 
nychtis, ^£6, 13s. 4d. 

''Item to Makgregouris servandis brocht tua surches to the King, 
4 shillings. 

'' Item to ane man to turs (pack up) tua surches of deir to the Quene at 
Linlithgow, 4s." 

Lord Treasurer's Books : — 

" 1506, September 8th. Item to Makgregouris man of bridil silver of ane horss 
giflfen to the King, 13s. Compot Theasaur. 

'' King James IV. had been on a hunting expedition at Balquhidder and 
Strathfillan in September 1502. 'Item the samyn nycht (Sep. 13th). To 
the King at ye park of Buquheder to play at ye cartes xviijs.' He had that 
day received a present from Duncan Campbell whose servant, the bearer, 
got nine shillings from the King's Treasurer. The Countess of Argyll had 
sent a present to the King on the same day, and her messenger received the 
same sum. ' Item ye xvj. day of September for four hors in Strafilane to ye 
King to rede to ye sete of ye hunting ixs.' ' Item to the men of the place 
quhair ye king lay, and for hay that was taen fra him xiijs.' On September 
1 8th is the following entry — ' Item to ye man that gydit the king fra ye fote 
in (of) Bynemore to Buquhedder iijs,* and the following, ' Item the samyn 
day to ye vicar of Buquheder quhaire the King baited xiijs.' The King's 
horses had on their way to the hunting been turned, as would seem, into 
the vicar's cornfield, as under 14th September the following entry occurs — 
'Item to ye priest hes his come etin with ye court hors, be the Kingis 
command xiijs.' Bards and minstrels had flocked to the Sovereign, who 
gave them various sums of money.^ 

" 1 507* 4th July. Preceptum Remissionis Nigelli M*^Ane Moil, ane MTinlason 
et Johannis M^Leache pro receptatione Patricii^ Duncanbegsone et Johannis 
Dow sui fratis & Apud, Perth, 4th July 1507 (Privy Seal, iv. 113). 

" 1510, September 6th. Preceptum Remissionis Donaldis Robertsoun pro com- 
municatione cum Johanne Moill M^Gillaspy, Gilberto Moil, et eomm 
complicibus et pro omnibus aliis actionibus (with the usual exceptions) 

^ A well-known tradition relates that on the occasion of a Royal visit to MacGregor, the 
Sovereign, surprised at his large following, asked how he could afford to keep so large a retinue, 
to which the now landless Chief replied : '' My wash hand bason is sixteen miles long, and my 
towel twelve yards," alluding to Loch Tay and to his belted plaid. '* Thou art greater than a 
King," is said to have been the reply. — Rev. Wm. MacGregor Sterling. 

^ This Patrick, son of Duncanbeg (probably he who died at Rorow, 1477), may have been the 
Patrick MacGregor who is said to have got possession of Dunan in 1480. Pie died in Morinch, 
1522. 



ISIO-IS42] Reigns of King James IV. and V. 43 

le data apud Tympane (Tempar) prope Lochrannoch, vj Septembris anno 
pro-edicte (1510) gratis Jacobo Redeheugh ex mandato Domini per A. 
Galloway (Privy Seal, iv. 113). 

"15 1 1, September i8th. Charter * by Robert Menzies of that Ilk to Sir 
Dmican Campbell of Glenurquhay, among other witnesses has Domino 
Jac. M^Gregoure, Notario Publico,* and Dugallo Johneson, of same i&mily. 

"1512, October 31st. Charter by Sir Robert Menzies to his eldest son of other 
lands at the west end of Loch Tay. K3mnaldy, now called Kinnell, which 
embraced Killin at this time and also the lands of Moreyinche." — Red and 
White Book of Menzies, by D. R. Menzies, F.S.A., Scot., 1894. The 
quotations are given by express permission of the Author. 

In the reign of James IV. great progress was made towards the general 
pacification of the country. 

"The policy which he adopted was, to separate and weaken the clans by 
arraying them in opposition to each other, to attach to his service by rewards and 
preferment some of their ablest leaders, to maintain a correspondence with the 
remotest districts, and gradually to accustom their fiercest inhabitants to habits of 
pacific industry, and a respect for the restraints of the laws." For the purpose of 
quieting the lowland districts the king adopted a system of engaging the most 
powerful of the resident nobles and gentry in a covenant or band which under 
severe penalties obliged them to maintain order throughout the country." • Proud 
of the success attending his efforts James IV. set out ^* on horseback unaccompanied 
even by a groom, with nothing but his riding cloak cast about him, his hunting 
knife at his belt, and six and twenty pounds for his travelling expenses in his purse. 
He rode, in a single day, from Stirling to Perth across the Mounth, and through 
Aberdeen to Elgin." 

But in the disastrous year 1513 King James IV. and the "flower of his 
nobility" unfortunately fell at Flodden, while his only son was still an infant 

The minority of James V. was a time of great trouble to the nation, 
and little heed was taken of the Highlands. In 1528 many contentions 
occurred in the Isles, and the King showed much skill in conciliating the 
island chiefs. But other troubles occupied the King's short life, and 
wearied and worn he expired in the thirty-first year of his age, on the 13th 
December 1542. 

^ The lands conveyed by this Charter were those of Crandyncht or Cramxoch, north-west side 
of Loch Tay. 

' See later, Sir James MH^regor, Dean of lismoir. 
» Tytler's "History," 1st edition, vol. v. 



Chapter V 
15th Century — Various Conflicts 

^Bzromjg^y^ continued from page 12. 

" Ti TALCOLM (son of Gregor Aulin) succeeded his father, but dying soon 
IVJL after unmarried, in 1420, was succeeded by his second brother. 

" XIII.i John MacGregor of that Ilk (formerly of Brackly), a man of very 
martial spirit In his days the Knight of Lochow found means to stir up the 
M^abs to insult the MacGregors, in consequence of which, a party of the latter 
fought the Clan an Abba at Chrianlarich, and cut them off almost to a man. 
Lochow, having on that pretence obtained letters of fire and sword against both 
Clans, got military force to assist him in reducing them ; and, after many bloody 
skirmishes, fought in conjunction by both, in which many of their enemies were 
destroyed, they in the end lost part of their lands, which the Knight of Lochow 
and his friends assumed possession of. {^* Scots Magazine^ May 1768, p. 226; 
observation on Act 4, Parliament ist. — James I.). 

"John married a daughter of the Laird of M^Lachlan, and died in 1461, leaving 
three sons — 

(i) Malcolm, his heir. 

(2) Gregor of Breachd-sliabh. 

(3) John. 

'' Margaret, his daughter, married Lauchlan mor Macquarie, Chief of that Clan. 
John died anno 1461, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

"XIV. Malcolm, who lived in the reigns of King James III. and IV. In this 
Laird's days, the MacGregors lost many more of their lands. They had been 
provoked to chastise the MacNabs, in a manner not at all unusual in every comer 
of the Highlands in those days ; but, as they had never been disloyal to the Royal 
Family, they considered the letters of fire and sword, obtained as above, as marking 
them rebels, " not by their own acts, but by the act of their sovereign or of his 
ministers," and because they did not tamely yield possession of their lands to the 
King's forces, whom they looked upon as the executive tools of ambitious in- 

^ The numbers in the "Baronage*' refer to the diflferent generations, not to individual suc- 
cessors. 



Genealogical 45 



dividuals, his Majesty, by insiduous information (and because the MacGregors had 
been formidable adherents to his father, James III., against the faction which he, 
while Prince, had headed, and which proved the death of his late Majesty), was 
much incensed against them. 

" In consequence of which they lost great part of their lands. Seumas B^ 
descended from a natural son of the Duke of Albany, possessed himself of the 
country of Balquhidder, and several other lands, and Sir Colin Campbell, as second 
son of the Knight of Lochow, became Laird of Glenurquhay. They lost the lord- 
ship of Glendochart, the extensive lands and Baileries of the countries of Desser 
(Deasser) and Tuar (Tuath) — the south and north sides of Loch Tay — Glenlyon, the 
Port of Loch Tay, the country of Rannoch, the Barony of Finlarig, " with the 
Castle, town, and fortalice," the lands of Shian, Balloch — ^now called Tajrmouth — 
and Achrioch, &a., &a.," inter annos 1465 and 1504.^ 

The " Baronage " states that Malcolm was first married to a daughter 
of Macintosh, by whom he had a son, James, his heir (and several daughters), 
but this is an error explained on next page. His immediate successor was 
his brother, Gregor Mor. 

The Latin history of the Alpinian family appears to have ended about 
the time of Gregor X., 1248.* After Malcolm XIV. the article in the 
" Baronage " falls unintentionally into misleading errors for several genera- 
tions. The genealogy is very complicated, but the patient investigations 
of Mr MacGregor Stirling throw considerable light upon it. The care 
with which he worked out his researches, and the conclusions to which they 
led, can be exemplified from his correspondence with the late Sir Evan. 
In December 1824 Mr MacGregor Stirling had drawn up a genealogical 
tree, in which Malcolm, No. XIV. of the " Baronage," is shewn succeeded 
by a son James as above mentioned, and that James, followed by two 
legitimated sons. But in a letter of the i6th March 1825 he wrote that 
"Dominus Jacobus MacGregor, 31st January 1557-8," who he and Mr 
Gregory had imagined to have been *• James MacGregor of that Ilk," 
turned out to be the Dean of Lismore. Again, on the 14th April 1825, 
Mr MacGregor Stirling wrote — 

^'The accident of an inaccurate copy of a voucher, dated 1571 instead of 1671, 
has, in the printed history of the Gr^otian race, perplexed the genealogy for more 

1 Many of these lands had been granted to others much earlier than this period, 
3 ^^f^^ page 20. 



46 History of the Clan Gregor 

than a centuiy. It is now ascertained that James MacGregor of that Ilk, who 
entered into a bond of friendship with Lachlan McFingon of Strathardle, was that 
Laird of MacGregor who had Malcohn Douglas for tutor, and for whose name we 
were at a loss." 1 

Returning to the " Baronage " and passing over the two next erroneous 
personages, we have this account of Gregor Mor : — 

"XIV. Gr^or Mor or the Great, second son of John MacGregor of that Ek, to 
whom his father gave the lands of Breachd-sliabh, commonly called Brackly, in 
Glenurchy, with a numerous following of men.^ He lived in the reigns of King 
James III. and IV., and, grieved at the oppression of his family and friends, he 
raised his men, and, making several successful expeditions against their enemies, 
recovered possession of a large tract of country called Glen Lochy, the forest of 
Conychaick, the lands of Ardeonaig, and several others on the side of Loch Tay, 
which his descendants enjoyed till the reign of James IV. 

"Gregor took to wife Finvola or Flora, daughter to Mc Arthur of Strachur, by a 
daughter of the family of Argyll, ancestor of the present Colonel Campbell of 
Strachur. 

** By this' lady he had four sons and several daughters. 

1. Duncan, his heir. 

2. Gregor, a captain of great reputation, who, havmg come to the south 

country, performed several valiant actions against the English Borderers 
in conjunction with his cousins the Griersons of Lag. 

3. Malcolm, a man of great prudence and valour, famous for his dexterity in 

all manly exercises, and in great esteem with Alexander, Earl of Mar, at 
whose request he raised his patrimony from his brother, and acquired 
the lands of Inverey, with several others in Brea-Mar, where he settled. 
He married a daughter of Dougal Lamont of Stiolaig (by a daughter of 
the family of Bute), by whom he had several children -, the eldest of 
whom, Alexander, acquired the lands of Cherry, ELillach, Dalcherz, 
Balachby, &c 

There are several good families, and some hundreds of commoners, 
of this branch of the MacGregors in Brae-Mar and the adjoining countries 
to this day; but during the general persecution they lost their lands, 
and betook themselves to several different names, as Ogilvies, 
Gordons, &a.^ 

^ /.«., James MacGregor, last of the line of John Dhu Nan Lurag ; died, probably about 1678. 

* The * ' Baronage " does not quote its authority for these statements. If Gregor Mor survived his 
brother and became chief, it would account for his numerous following. 

* Curious history of this &mily, by John Gregory penes Mr John Murray. (Extant.) 
—Ed. 



Genealogical 47 

4. John, who afterwards got the lands of Brackly from his eldest brother.^ 

" XV. Duncan, called Ladasach, or " the complete hero," * succeeded — a man 
of resolution, much celebrated by the bards. He lived for some time with his 
uncle Strachur, in the Island of Orann in Glenfalloch, and did him the good 
service of reducing the Macilvanes, a tribe who possessed some lands of Strachur's, 
without any acknowledgment. Thereafter he acquired the lands of ArdchoilP 
(which belonged to Strachur), and several others in Breadalbane, besides his former 
possessions, upon which he gave those of Brackly to his younger brother, John,^ 
as before observed. He took to wife Mary,^ daughter to the Laird of Ardkinlas, 
ancestor of Sir James Campbell of Ardkinlas, by a daughter of the family of Argyll, 
by whom he had two sons : — 

I. Gregor, his heir." 

Another son, John, is mentioned on the authority of a charter wit- 
nessed by " domino Joanne MacGregor, militi,'' but this is a mistake, as the 
John in question was John MacEwin Vic Allaster of Glenstray, see page 32. 
Details of the history and tragical end of Duncan and his eldest son will 
be given farther on. There were other sons : — 

" 2. Malcolm, who perished with his father and brother.^ 

3. Duncan Oig Laddosoun.^ 

4. Patrick Dow McGregor Vic Duncan Laddosach, murdered in Balquhidder, 

4th Oct. 1574, by the Clan Dowilchayr." 

Sir John MacGregor Murray, with the scanty sources of information 
then in his possession, had not only been led by the wrongly dated 
voucher into the error of giving a son James as the successor to 
Malcolm XIV., but supposed this James to have been the father of the 
Alexander MacGregor who was the leader in the celebrated battle of 
Glenfruin ; whereas that leader was Glenstray, of a different line. Re- 

^ His descendants continued on the lands of Biackley for many generations, and his line is 

often mistaken for that of Duncan Ladasach. 

« The Gaelic word signifies rather "rich," " Lordly '*—/iw-* is the Gaelic for "hero." 

' From the name of this property came the " slogan " or war cry of the ClanGregor, although 

some of the families, according to a MS. by Pont, preserved in the Lyon Office, used the motto, 

" Bad Guibhas " or ''Clump of Firs."—" Chartulary." 

* It is probable that there may have been a confusion of names here, as a Glenstray is known 
to have married into this family. 

* Vide Notice in the Obituary, as given later, and Duncan Oig (Young) Ladofisonne (son of 
Laddeus) is also mentioned in the Records, 1562-63, &c. See Chapter XVI. 



48 History of the Clan Gregor 

turning to Chapter IV., where the entries are given from the Obituary 
under date 141 5, mentioning the deaths of two sons of John Cham (see 
page 16), there appears some reason to believe that Gregor Aulin, whose 
line has been traced on as far as Duncan Ladosach and his son, was the 
elder brother, and the argument sustained' by Mr MacGregor Stirling is 
that Gregorys descendants, eventually Glencarnoch, and through him the 
present Chief, Sir Malcolm, carry down the representation from the early 
Chiefs by right of blood as the eldest line.^ 

We have now to trace the House of Glenstray, or Clan Dowlagneir, a 
distinctive name occurring in the Black Book of Taymouth, and supposed 
to be derived from " Dubh Lag an lar " — Black Hollow of the West The 
authority for the Founder of the House, and for the first succeeding genera- 
tions, is the repeatedly quoted Obituary, or Chronicle of Fortingal. (See 
Chapter VIII.) 

"I. John dhu M^Ean Cham Vic Gregor, brother of Gregor (Aulin), and 
mentioned (page ai) as having died at Stromelochane, 141 5. 

" II. Death of Malcolm, son of John dhu MacGregor, at Glenurquhy, on the 
20th April in yhe year 1440; he was buried in the manner formerly 
mentioned." 

There is evidence that he had a brother AUaster (to be noticed 
farther on). 

" III. Death of Patrick MacGregor of Glenstray, at Stronemelochane, on the 
34th of May in the year 1440. He was buried at Dysart in the way 
formerly mentioned. 

*' rv. Death of John dhu MacGregor of Glenstray, son of Patrick, at Strone- 
melochane, on the 34th May in the year 15 19. 

His son predeceased him, and is thus mentioned in the Obituary — 

" Death of Malcolm MacGregor, son and heir of John MacGregor of Glenstray, 
at Glenlyon. He was buried in Dysart, South of the Altar, in a stone 
coffin, on the 22nd of June 1498.' 

On the death of John Dow, in 15 19, the representation of this line 

^ Sir John MacGregor Murray recognised Glenstray as the Giief, bat supposed him to be a 
grandson of Malcolm XIV. 

* It is remarkable that all of this line continued to be buried at Dysait in Glenurchy. 



Genealogical 49 

passed to his heir and successor^ John M^Ewin M^AUaster, his second 
cousin.^ Contemporary with Gregor Mor, XIV. 

In the Dean of Lismore*s Book,^ the genealogy of this John dhu 
McGregor of Glenstray is given in old Gaelic,* with the following 
translation : — 

" John, son of Patrick, son of Malcom, son of John, the black son of John, 
son of Gregor, son of John, son of Malcom, son of Duncan the little, son of Duncan 
from Srulee, son of Gilelan,^ son of Hugh of Urchy, son of Kenneth, son of Alpin; 
and this Kenneth was head King of Scotland, in truth, at that time ; and this John 
is the eleventh man from Kenneth, of whom I spoke. And Duncan the servitor, 
son of Dougal, son of John the grizzled, wrote this from the books of the genea- 
logists of the kings, and it was done in the year of our Lord one thousand five 
hundred and twelve." 

The genealogy is here reversed for greater distinctness : — 

"Alpin. 

Kenneth. 

Hugh of Urchy. 

William (see " Baronage," No. IX.), or Gillefealan. 

Duncan a Strwlee (see p. 14); he was probably the second son. 

Duncan beg (see same page). 

Malcolm (see No. XI. of "Baronage," and page 11, or, more probably, 

Malcolm VIII.). 
John (not mentioned in " Baronage "). 
Gregor do. do, 

John (Cham). (Died 1390, page 15.) 
John Doef (or dhu). (Died in 1415. Had a brother Gregor, who also died 

in 1415.) 
Malcolm. (Died in 1440 as above. Had a brother Allaster.) 
Patrick. (Died May 1440 as above.) 
John (dhu). (Died in 1519 as above.) 

^ See Genealogical Table at end of chapter. 

* From the MS. collection made by Sir James MacGregor, Dean of Lismore, in the beginning 
of the sixteenth centary; edited with translation by Revd. Thomas M^Lauchlan, 1S62. The 
Obituary had been previously printed in the " Archseologia Scotica," vol. ill. (see page 25). 

' "Eone Macphadrick vec Voylchallum vec Eonedoef vec Gregor vec Eone vec Woilchallum 
vec Conquhy veg vec Conquhy a Strwlee vec Illehane^ vec £y Urqohaych vec Kennane vec 
Alpen." 

^ Mr Skene reads this name as Gillefealan (it seems probable) : William in modem Gaelic is 
UiUeam. 



50 History of the Clan Gregor 

The Bard may be assumed to have had accurate information about 
the late generations, although he skipped over several ancestors prior 
to Hugh of Urchy. The Latin MS. followed in the "Baronage," was 
probably the labour of a monk or ecclesiastic of the name of MacGregor. 
It has been found, by the scrutiny of sundry ancient chronicles, that the 
monks sometimes drew on their fertile imaginations ; but, although some 
generations may have been omitted by them also, and the names mixed 
up, the accounts of the various Chiefs, as related in this MS., were 
probably founded on old traditions ; and thus the two pedigrees embody 
all that can now be known about the early days of the Clan's heroes. 
We reach solid and perfectly reliable ground in the Obituary of the 
Chronicle of Fortingall. On the next page a Gfenealogical Table of 
Ian Cham's immediate descendants is given. 

As remarked by Mr Skene in a note to the genealogy — 

" It is obvious that a number of generations are omitted, not even excepting the 
ancestor who gave his name to the clan. The omission of generations is by no 
means an uncommon feature in traditional genealogies." 

The circumstance that Malcolm MacGregor of Glenstray, who died in 
1440, had a brother, and that his name was Allaster, has been made out 
from the patronymics of his grandson, given in a genealogy occurring in 
the Black Book of Taymouth. 

We therefore return to the said 

II. Allaster, younger brother of Malcolm,^ and thus younger son of 
John Dhu M^^Ean Cham VicGregor. (See previous page.) 

III. Ewine, cousin-german of Patrick of Glenstray, his existence 
being traced in the same way. 

IV. John MacGregor of Glenstray, second cousin and heir to the 
last of the same name, who died in 15 19. 

Against this individual, as John Macgregor of Glenstray, a claim was 
brought by the widow of his predecessor. 

^ The evidence of the connection of John MacGregor of Glensbrae with his predecessor is suffi- 
ciently clear to all who have studied Highland genealogies and their patronymics. Finding that 
John, son of Ewan, son of Alastair, is heir to John, son of Patrick, son of Malcolm, son of John Dhu, 
the conclusion to be drawn is, that Alastair must also have been a son of John Dhu, and that 
through him came the claim to the property. See page 52. 



Genealogical 



51 







52 History of the Clan Gregor 

'' 1522-23, February 9th. Anent the actioune and causs persewit be Marioone 
Stewart ye Relict of umq^ Johnne M'Gregour of Glenstra his air and suc- 
cessor " the reduction relates to the " fermes and profittis of the lands of 
Edindamycht/' being, as appears, part of the estate of Glenstrae {" Char- 
tulary"). 

" 1522, Feb. 9. Action pursued by Marioune Stewart, relict of Jon M'Gregour of 
Glenstra, against John M'Gregor, his heir and successor, to content and 
pay to the said Marioune the fermes and profits of the lands of Glendamycht, 
in the Earldom of Argyle, and shire of the same, pertaining to her in 
conjunct fee, of the terms of Whitsunday and Martinmas 15199 extending 
to seven bolls of oatmeal, price of the boll i6s. ; four bolls of beir, price ot 
the boll 20S. ; twelve stone of cheese, price of the stone 4od., one mart, 
price 40S. ; and four wedders, price of the piece 6s. and 8d. The said 
Marioun, compeared by Robert Leslie, her procurator, and the said John 
McGregor did not compear. The Lords of Council continued the action 
to the 24th May next to come." — From the " Acta Dominorum Concila." 

He married a daughter of Sir Colin Campbell of Glenurchy, Knight, by 
a daughter of Luke Stirling of Keir, Sir CoHn's fourth wife.^ From the 
Obituary : — 

" 1528, April 1 2th. Death of John MacGregor M'Ewine, Captain of the Clan- 
Gregor of Glenstray, who died of good memory, at Achallader in Glen- 
urquhay, on Easter Day, the 12th of April, in the year 1528 ; he was buried 
in Dysart, as others of his name used to be. May God have care of his 
soul." 

This family of the ClanGregor having become connected with the 
Glenurchay family, the Black Book of Taymouth gives a genealogy of 
it. According to this the marriage of 

" 'Johnne Makewin Vic Allaster M*Gregour with Helene Cambell, dochter to 
Sir Coline Campbell of Glenurchay, Knight, and widow of Lochbuy,' was not per- 
fectly regular, but it must have been condoned, for the Campbells of Glenurchay 
afterwards favoured the Glenstray family ; and it may have been in consequence of 
the Campbell support that Glenstray became Captain. With regard to Sir Colin's 
son-in-law the Black Book has the following notice : ' The foresaid Johne wes not 
righteous air to the M'Gregour, bot wes principal of the Clandowlagniar.' " * 

1 « Black Book of Taymouth " and *' Stirlings of Keir," by WiUiam Fraser, 185S. 

' In another part of the "Black Book of Taymouth," enumerating the wives of Sir Colin 
Campbell, first of Glenurquhay, it is stated that Sir Colin married fourth " Margaret Stirling, 
dochter to the Laird of Keir, by whom he had ane dochter callit Helene Campbell, quha wes first 
mareit on Makeane of Amamurroch, and thairefter on Makgregotire." 



Genealogical 53 

This remark on John M^Ewin's position is not understood as casting a 
doubt on his l^timacy^ but as implying that he was head of his branch 
only of the Clan.^ 

" Details of the Glenstray Family, from the Black Book of Taymouth, Johne 
Makewin VAllaster M*^Gregour, in anno . . . ravischet Helene Campbell^ 
dochter to Sir Coline Campbell of Glenurquhay, Knight. This Helene Campbell 
wes widow and lady of Lochbuy, and scho wes ravischet. The foresaid Johne 
wes not righteous air to the M^Gregour, bot wes principall of the Clan- 
Doulagnear. 

'^ This Johne M'Ewin begat upon the foirsaid Helene, Allaster M^Gregour of 
Glenstray, quha mariet ane dochter of the laird of Ardkinglass, being widdow to 
M^Nachtan of Dundaraw. 

" This Allaster M^regour of Glenstray begat upon the said dochter of the Laird 
of Ardkinglass, Johne M'Gregour of Glenstray and Gregour Roy, his brother. 
The said Johne diet of the hurt of an arrow going betuix Glenlyoun and 
Rannoch. 

" Gregour Roy, his brother, succeidit to him. The said Gregour Roy mariet the 
Laird of Glenlyoun's dochter, and begat upon her Allaster Roy M'Gregour and 
Johne Dow M'Gregour, his brother. This foresaid Gregour Roy wes execute be 
Coline Campbell of Glenurchay. 

''Master Roy M'Gregour succeidit to the foirsaid Gregour, his Father, and had 
no children bot ane dochter. This Allaster Roy M^Gregour wes execute and 
hangit at the mercai Croce of Edinburgh, and forfaultit in anno 1604. 

"Johne Dow M'^Gregour, brother to the said Allaster M^regour, mariet ane 
dochter of the Laird of Strowane Murrajds, and begat upon her Gregour, Patrik 
and Ewin M'Gregouris. This Johne Dow M'^Gregour wes slaine in Glenfrune be 
the Laird of Luss, anno 1602." 

By the said Helen Campbell, relict of Lochbuy (McLean), John 
MacGregor of Glenstray left three sons : — 

1. John, who with his father witnessed a grant by the Earl of Argyle 

to Campbell, of the lands of the Phanans, but nothing is 

known of him beyond this solitary notice. 

2. Allaster, who succeeded his father, as is believed. 

3. Gregor, who predeceased his father, and whose death is thus 

recorded in the Obituary : — 

^ See Chapter X. 



54 History of the Clan Gregor 

" 1526, July 31. Death of Gregor, son of John MacGr^or, 
alias M^Ewine M^AUaster of Glenstray, at the Isle of 
Loch Rannoch; he was buried in Dysart, in a stone 
coffin, on the north side of the High Altar of Glenstray, 
on the last day of July in the year 1526. May his soul 
rest in peace." 

This Gregor left a son, AUaster, who became ancestor of the MacGregors 
of Ardlarich,^ a very important branch of the Clan in Rannoch.^ 

V. AUaster* McGregor of Glenstray, son of John M^^Ewine MacGregor, 
was formally infeoflfed in Glenstray in 1528, which, including Stron- 
melochan, amounted, as appears from the enfeoffment, to twenty merks 
old extent. He " mariet ane dochter of (Campbell) the Laird of Ardin- 
glass, being widdow to M^Nachtan of Dundaraw" — B. B. of Ta)rmouth — 
and left four sons, or more — 

1. John, his heir. 

2. Gr^or Roy, who succeeded his brother. 

3. Ewin, Tutor of Glenstray. 

4. AUaster Gait (or the Travelled), mentioned in Record as the 

" Brother to the Laird of MacGregor." He Uved in Culquhirrilan. 
He had five sons — 

1. AUaster. 

2. John Dhu M^Allaster, in Cannoquhan. 

3. Duncan M^ AUaster Gait 

4. Patrick M*^Allaster Gait. 

5. Gr^or M^AUaster Gait, executed at Edinburgh, 28th 

July 161 2. 

5. Duncan na Glen of Phanean, so styled in Bail Bond, 22nd April 

1601, by his nephew, Alexander McGregor of Glenstray, and 
mentioned elsewhere as " Duncan M^^Gregor in Glen, Brother to 
the Laird of M^^Gregor." He had sons — 

^ Mr IdacGr^^or Sdrling's MS. Hbtoiy of the House of Glenstiae, from which this list is 
adapted. 

' To be hereafter enumerated. 

' Bom, according to the Chronicle of Fortingall, in 1525. 



Genealogical 55 

1. Gr^or, a famous soldier. 

2. Patrick. 

6. Patrick our (or Dun) (and Mor), in Cadderlie or Caddernoch in 
Glencorf. 

1. AUaster M^^Patrick in Cadderine. 

2. John Dhu. 

3. Duncan. 

It is recorded in the Continuation of the Chronicle of Fortingall 
that — "1543, 31st August The House of Trochray in Strathbran was 
burnt by Alexander M*^Gregor of Glenstray." 

VI. John MacGregor of Glenstray, in which property he never was 
infeoffed. He died of the hurt of an arrow, without issue, and was 
succeeded by his brother. 

VI. Gregor Roy of Glenstray, who was never enfeoffed in the property 
either. Of him hereafter.^ 

» Sec Chapter XVIII. 



Chapter VI 



THE so-called Chronicle of Fortingall, compiled by James MacGregor, 
Vicar of Fortingall and Dean of Lismoir, contains a most valuable 
abstract of the contemporaneous history of the ClanGregor, and therefore 
it is here given, omitting many entries not connected with the Clan. The 
Chronicle was continued from 1531 by the Curate of Fortingall. The 
first portion was published in the original Latin, with a translation by 
Mr Gregory, in 1831, and advantage of this translation has been taken on 
the next page, whilst the latter part has been copied from the Black Book 
of Taymouth, merely translating the few words of Latin. 

Translation of Dean MacGr^or's Chronicle,^ by Donald Gregory, 
Esq.: — 

" 1092. Death of Malcolm Kenmoir, the elder' King of Scotland, at Alnwick. 
And Qwiene Margret heir and the deid of hir husband died within thre 
dais thairefter in the said year. The translation of Queen Margaret was 
in the year 1092. 

'< 1 107. Death of Edgar, King of Scotland, at Dundee. He reigned nine years 
and three months. 

" 1 1 24. Death of Alexander I., King of Scotland, in Striweleich. He reigned 
eighteen years and three months. 

''1153. Death of David I., King of Scotland, at Carlisle. He reigned twenty- 
nine years and twenty days. He died on the 9th of the Elalends of June, 
and was buried at Dunfermlyne before the great altar. 

" 1 165. Death of Malcolm the younger (IV.), King of Scotland, in Gedwart^ 
He reigned twelve years six months and twenty days. 

'^ 1213. Death of William, King of Scotland, at Streulyne. He reigned fifty- 
one years. 

^ From a document in the Archives of the Highland Society, and published in their Transac- 
tions. The notes marked with Utiirs are Mr Gregory's own. A duplicate (of the Gaelic and 
Scotch part) is to be found in the Black Book of Taymouth, and it is known as the Chronicle (or 
Obituary) of Fortingall. 

* In contradistinction to Malcolm IV. 

' Jedburgh. 



Translation of Dean MacGregors Chronicle 57 

"1247. Death of Alexander II king of Scotland at Kenieroy,^ he reigned 

thirtyfive years. 
'* 1250. The re-enterment of the said Margaret Queen of Scotland (Queen of 

Malcolm Kenmore) took place. 
''1285. Death of Alexander III at Kyngorne; he reigned thirtysix years 

and eight months. 
** 13 14. Battle of Bannochbum. 
''1328.' Death of Robert I King of Scotland at Cardross he reigned 

twentythree years. 
" 1 333. Battle of Hallidonhill. 
" 1345. Battle of Durayme. 

" 1370. Death of David King of Scotland at Edinburgh, he reigned forty- 
three years. 
" 1 388. Battle of Ottyrbum. 
" 1390, April 19 (first notice). Death of John MacGregor of Glenurquhay. he 

was buried at Dysart on the north side of the High Altar.^ 
"1390. Death of Robert II King of Scotland at Dundownald; he reigned 

nineteen years and two months. 
" 1396. Combat of the sixty men at Perth. 
" 1402. Battle of Homilton. 

*^ 1405. Death of Robert III King of Scotland, he reigned thirtyone years.^ 
" 141 1. Battle of Hayrlaw. 
''1415. Death of Gregor M^Anecham in Glenurquhay, he was buried as 

above noted in Dysart 
"1415. Death of John dhu M^Anecham V^Gregor at Stronmelochane ; he 

was buried in Dysart. 
" 1424. Death of Darwayll daughter of Ewyn V. Lachlan — ^John dhu M^YSregor 

(his wife ?). 
" 1425. May 27. Death of Lord Murdac Duke of Scotland and his sons 

Walter and Alexander. 
" 143 1. Battle of Inverlocha. 
" 1435. July 26. Death of Alexander Earl of Mar and Gareoch Lieutenant of 

our Lord the King, he was buried in Inverness. 
" 1436. Jan. 17. Death of Mr Robert Cardny Bishop of Dunkeld 
" 1436. Feb. 21. Death of James I King of Scotland at Perth, he reigned 

thirtyone years. 
" 1440. April 20. Death of Malcolm son of John dhu MacGregor, at Glenur- 
quhay ; he was buried in the manner formerly mentioned. 

^ Kerrera, off Oban. ^ True date said to have been 7th June 1329. 

' Clachan Dysart — ^now the Church of Glenurquhay, close to DalmaUy. 
^ True date 1406. 

H 



58 History of the Clan Gregor 

" 1443. Death of John Gorm Stewart who was killed on the north Inch of 

Perth on the birthday of John the Baptist. 
" 1452. Oct. 8. Death of William Cardny Laird of Foss. 
" 1460. Death of James II King of Scotland at Roxburgh, he reigned twenty- 
three years. He was interred in Dunedin. 
'' 1 46 1 . Death of Patrick MacGregor of Glenstray at Stronmelochane. He was 

buried at Dysart, in the way before mentioned (first notice of Glenstray). 
" 1463. Dec. 20. Death of John Stewart Lord of Lorn at Dunstaffnage. 
" 1475. Sept. 26. Death of Sir Colin Campbell of Glenurquhay Knight, he 

was buried in Kilmartin. 
" 1475. ^^' ^o« Death of John Stewart of Fortingal, at Garth, he was buried 

at Dunkeld ; 
" 1477. Feb. 17. Death of Duncan Beg MacGregor at Roro (first notice of 

Roro). 
" 1482. Cochrane was hanged at Lauder. 
" 1482. August 30. Death of John Grant son and heir of Sir Duncan Grant of 

Freuchy, Knight, at Kindrochit in Mar, he was buried in the Cathedral 

Church of Murray, having died three years before his father. 
" 1483. Feb. 4. Death of Donald Robertson of Keirquhin.^ 
" 1488. Death of Patrick Macnab of Bowayne at Auchline.^ 
** 1488. June II. Death of James III King of Scodand at Bannockbum on 

the feast of St Barnabas the Apostle, he reigned twenty-seven years and 

upwards. 
" 1488. Battle of Stirling where James III KLing of Scotland was killed. 
" 1491. March 10. Death of John Duncanson MacGregor at Bellicht* he was 

buried in Inchadin * on the north side of the Great Altar. 
" 1493. August 14. Death of Katrine Cardney daughter of the Laird of Foss 

and widow of the late John Duncanson MacGregor. she was buried in the 

Church of Dull before the step of the Great Altar. 
" 1494. 16 May. Duncan son of Charles at Loch Dochard (" Black Book of 

Taymouth ")• 
^'1494. July 24. Death of Terloch Keir son of Duncan MacGregor. he was 

buried in Dysart 
" 1494. Oct 17. Death of Donald M^'Causs, in the Crag. 
'' 1496. Nov. Death of Margaret Douglas, Lady of Glenurquhay. 
^ Keirquhin, Carwhin, a property belonging to the Robertsons, to the west of Crannoch ; but 
there was another Carwhin in the parish of Balquhidder belonging to a family of Campbells.— uff^. 

■ This property in Glendochart belonged to the MacNabs till acquired by Sir Colin Campbell of 
Glenurcby (as also Bovaine) in 1552. — Ed. 

■ Probably Balloch near Tajrmouth. 

^ Now Kenmore. (An old church lower down the river than Kenmore, destroyed by the third 
Earl of Breadalbane ; there was also a village and ford over the Toy.— Ed,) 



Translation of Dean MacGregor's Chronicle 59 

" 1498. Death of Donald Macqueen at Foitingal. 

'^ 1498. June 22. Death of Malcolm MacGregor son and heir of John Mac- 
Gregor of Glenstray, at Glenlyon; he was buried in Dysart in a stone 
coffin.^ 
" 1499. J^^* 31- Death of Neill Stewart at Garth, he was buried in Dunkeld. 
" 1502. Weyme was burnt by Neill Stewart * in the month of Sep. 
" 1503. July 25. Entrance (into Scotland) of Margaret Queen of Scotland 

spouse of King James IV. 
" 1503. Sep. 10. Death of Gregor Duncanbegson at Morinch.' 
" 1505. March i8. Death of Alexander Robertson of Strowan at Dunmakcarf ; 

he was buried in Dunkeld. 
" „ Oct. 20. Death of Eugenius (Ewine) MacGregor, son of Gregor Dun- 

canson in Roro. — (" Black Book of Taymouth.") 
" 1507. Death of Andrew Cardney Laird of Foss, at Inchewin he was buried 

in the Aisle of (St Ninian). 
" 1509. March 31. The (Religious House) on the Island of Loch Tay^ was 

burned owing to the negligence of servants on Palm Sunday. 

^ In taking down many years ago the old church of Dysart, several stone coffins were found at 
the north part of the east end of the church, where the M^Gr^ors appear chiefly to have buried. 
Several of their old tombstones, much defaced, were likewise discovered, which are still appropriated 
by such of the clan as bury in the churchyard (183 1 ). Note by Compiler. — Pennant, in his book 
" A Tour," in 1769 writes : — " The church is seated on a knowl. ... In the churchyard are 
several gravestones of great antiquity, with figures of a warrior, each furnished with a spear or two- 
handed sword ; on some are representations of the chase, on others el^ant fretwork, and on one — 
said to be part of the coffin of a McGregor, is a fine running pattern of foliage and flowers, and, 
excepting the figure, all in good taste." At a meeting of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland in 
Jan. 1897, Mr Brydale read a paper describing a group of seven carved grave slabs in the church- 
jrard at Dalmally, which is stated to have been the burying-place of the Chie& of MacGregor from 
1390 to 1528. " The Chronicle records the burial of no fewer than twelve of these Chiefe succes« 
sively in stone coffins at the north side of the east end of the church. When the old church was 
demolished about 181 1, a number of stone coffins and carved grave slabs were found in this position." 
... Of the seven stones now described three are of the same type, showing in a panel the figure 
of an armed man with sword and spear, and wearing a pointed basdnet and short tunic, the rest of 
the sur&ce being filled in with folingeous ornamentation. A fourth is curious as showing this type 
superimposed on a larger figure obliterated, and having a cross at the top of the stone. Of the 
other two of this type one is curious from its small size, and the other is much mutilated. The 
seventh is apparently the front slab of an altar tomb, and bears a finely carved scroll of foliage, bat 
no armed figure. Drawings of all the slabs were exhibited.'' — ^Abridged from an account of the 
meeting in the Odan Times of 23rd Jan. 1897. 

^ Son of the preceding entry. 

' Marinch or Morenish, on the north side of Loch Tay, near the Killin Pier. It was at one 
time in possession of the Menzieses, but was acquired by Sir Duncan Campbell, seventh Laird of 
Glenurchy, 1602, —Ed, 

^ There was a Nunnery, the ruins of which ue still to be seen (1831) on the island at the east 
end of Loch Tay. 



6o History of the Clan Gregor 

"1510. Oct. 27. Death of Janet Stewart Countess of Huntly at Strathbogie 

she was buried in the Church of Strathbogy. 
" „ Nov. 28. Death of Gregor Patrickson at Innerchattane. 
" 1511. June 3. Death of Gilbert Duncanson vicar of Kilmartin. 
" „ July 22. Death of ICatrine NeyndoniP wife of Dougal Johnson at 

Tullichmullin;^ she was buried in the choir of Inchadin^ on the south 

side of the Altar. Dominical Letter £. 
" „ Oct 9. Death of William Johnson MacGregor, at Garth ; he was buried 

in Inchadin on the south side of the Altar. Dominical E. 
"1512. May 2. Death of Gregor Neilson at Crannych.* 
" „ Death of Patrick MTarb. 
" „ July 13. Death of Duncan Macdougall who was killed who was son 

and heir of Alexander Macdougall of Dunnolych. This Duncan was 

buried in Ardchattan. 
" „ Sep. 15. Death of John Stewart, Earl of Atholl. 
"1513. Sep. 9. Death of James IV King of Scotland in Northumberland 

near Branstone in England. Dominical A. He reigned twenty-six 

years three months and eight days. On which day Uiere were slain 

in the said field many noblemen on both sides. On the side of 

Scotland divers Bishops, Abbots, Lords, Knights, Nobles, and other 

gentlemen. 

<' On which day were slain the most prudent Lord Archibald Earl of 

Argyle, Lord Campbell and Lome, Duncan Campbell of Glenurquhay, 

and John Campbell of Lawers. May God have care of their souls. 
'' 1515. April. Death of Gregor Duncanson at Roro. he was buried in Killin. 
"1516. Death of William Strowan Robertson, who was beheaded at Tulymat. 

Dominical Letter B. 
" „ Dec. 12. Death of Elisabeth neyn Donald V*^Causs * at Garth. 
*' 1517. Dec 15. Death of John Lord Gordon and Badenoch at Killoss he 

was buried in the monastery of Kinloss. 
"1518. July 9. Death of Patrick MacGregor at Auchinchallane ; ^ he was 

buried in Dysart^ 

1 MK:iaw, alias Grant. > Glenlyon House. 

' The ancient name of Kenmore. 

' Crannych or Crannich, on Loch Tay ; anciently a thanage, and now a district in the parish 
of Kenmore, but formerly a detached part of Weem. The old " tuelf merk land " was purchased 
in 1602 by Sir Duncan Campbell, from Menzies of Weem. — From *' Lairds and Lands of Loch 
Tayside," by John Christie, 1892. 

" Wife of Gr^[or Dhu. She was buried at Inchadin. « Aychincschecall. 

' It b stated that a very old Charter in reference to Auchinchallane, and other papers con- 
nected with the subsequent sale of this property to the Campbells, exist in private hands, but the 
compiler has not access to them. 



Translation of Dean MacGregors Chronicle 6i 

"1518. July 19. Death of Duncan MacGregor Captain of the Castle of 

Glenurquhay ; he was buried at D3rsart. 
"1519. May 24. Death of John dhu MacGregor of Glenstray son of Patrick 

of Stronemelochane, he was buried in Dysart on the 26. of May 1519 

on which day a great meteor was seen in Glenurquhay. 
" 1520. Death of Malcolm Cam MacGregor son of Neil at Thegyrmith^ .... 

Dow and buried in Killin 14th Jany. 
" 1521. June 9. Death of Donald M^acht ; Vicar of Fortingall 
" 1522. Death of the Lord Earl of Errol in the month of July. 
" ,9 Sep. 16. death of Mr John Laycock Canon of Dunkeld. 
" yf March.^ Death of John M^NicoU he was buried in Inchaddin. 
" „ August 12. Death of a venerable man Sir Robert Menzies Knight at 

Weyme ; he was buried in the Church of Weyme. 
'' „ Oct. Death of Patrick Duncanbegson in Morinche. 
" „ Nov. 6. Death of Duncan M^Olchallam V*^Kerlich (son of Malcolm son 

of Charles) at Drumcharre.— (" Black Book of Taymouth.") 
" 1523. Aug. 12. Death of Sir Colin Campbell Knight Laird of Glenurquhay 

at the Castle of Glenurquhay. He was buried in the chapel of Finlarg. 
" „ Sep. I. Death of Gilbert Borricht Vicar of Dysart at Eddergoill* he 

was buried on the south side of the Church near the door of the Choir. 
" „ Sep. 20. Death of Su: John Stewart of Stuekis Knight He was buried 

in Dunkeld 
" n Oct. 31. Death of Mr Walter Leslie in Dunkeld. 
'* ff Nov. 6. Death of the Vicar of Inchaddin Sir Duncan M*^Nachtane who 

died at Perth and was buried in Inchadin. 
** ,, feb. 9. Death of John Malloch M^Hustone at Tullichcamin. he was 

buried in ELillin. 
*' y, March 4. Agreement of John MacGregor and of Sir John St John^ his 

son and Mariot his daughter at Killasse.^ 
"1524. July 26. Death of Margaret Stewart Lady of Glenurquhay at the 

Island of Loch Tay ; she was buried in the Chapel of Finlarg, near her 

husband. 
^* ,, Nov. 9. Death of Neill son of Duncan MacGregor in Glenurquhay, at 

the Castle of Glenurquhay. 
" „ Feb. 15. Death of Christian neyn Varrone M*^Kerross wife of John 

Dougalson, at Ardtrasgart 
^ Tegarmuchd Island on the Tay, between Kenmore and Aberfeldie. — From ** Lairds and 
Lands of Loch Tayside," by John Christie, 1892. 
* Till 1600 the year began in March. 

' Eddei^oll, ancient name of a district extending from Auchroich Bum, at Gdlelochan, to the 
east end of Loch Tay. — From *' Lairds and Lands of Loch Tay." 

^ More probably Sir John Stewart. ' Killiechassie. 



62 History of the Clan Gregor 

'' 1524. March 15. Death of a provident and famous man Gregor Macanemoill at 
Easter Innervar in Glenlyon early in the morning ; he was buried on the 
17. day of the same month in Killin on the south side of the High Altar. 

"1525. April 13. Death of Finlay Macnab of Bowayne at Ilanran^ he was 
buried at Killin. 

" „ April 19. Death of Hugh M^Ewin V^Neill at Femay he was buried 
on the 2ist of the same month in Inchadin before the step of the great 
Altar, on the south side of the church. 

" „ August 17. Death of John mor M^Ean Vec Condochy alias Maknecht at 
Ewchirvlairris.^ he was buried in Inchadin before the step of the Choir 
on the south side of the Church, on the 18 of August 

" „ Oct. 16. Death of John Neilson at Femay ; he was buried at Inchadin. 

" 1526. Jan. Death of Malcolm M^William ;^ he was buried in Branvo. 

** ,, April 12. Death of Robert Cokbume at Dunkeld, in the Palace there, 
he was buried in the Choir of Dunkeld. 

^ „ April 20. Death of Duncan Reoch M^Gillechonnyll. 

" i9 July 31. Death of Gregor,* son of John MacGregor, alias M^Ewine 
M^^AUaster of Glenstray at the Isle of Loch Rannoch ; he was buried 
in Dysart in a stone coffin on the north side of the High Altar of Glen- 
stray. May his soul rest in peace. 

" „ Sep. 3. Battle near Glenvchow alias Lithkow striken betwixt the Lords 
William Douglas and John Earls of Angus and Arran on the one side- 
and Earl of Lennox where the said Earl of Lennox was slain 

and there was slain many on his side. 

''1527. Oct 3 1 . Death of Mariot Forester, Lady Lawers, wife of James Campbell 
of Lawers. She died of good memory at Fordew in Stratheam, and was 
buried in the parish Church of Stirling, in the Aile of St Andrew at 7 p.m. 
May her soul rest in peace. Dominical letter F. 

" 1528. April 12. Death of John MacGregor M'Ewine * Captain of the Clan- 
Gregor of Glenstray, who died of good memory at Achallader* in 
Glenurquhay on Easterday. he was buried in Dysart as others of his 
name used to be. May God have care of his souL 

" 1 529. Death or slaughter of Alexander M^Patrick roy and Duncan his son by 
Duncan Brek, at West Culdar; they were buried in the cemetryof 
Fortingall near the window of the High Altar. Alexander was buried 
on the 28 May and Duncan on the 4 June. Dominical letter C. May 
God have a care of their souls. Amen. 

^ An island at the west end of Loch Tay, near KiUin. ' Uachddarblairis. ' At Glenlyon. 
' Son of John M^Ewine M^Allaster of Glenstray, who died 1528, 12th April (see next page). 
" John M^Ewin M^Allaster of Glenstray, who had succeeded his second cousin in 1519. 
< " Ayethachallodor " in the Black Book of Taymouth. 



Translation of Dean MacGregor s Chronicle 63 

** 1529. Death of William Robertson of Keirquhin at that place, on the day of 
St Michael the Archangel he was buried in Inchadin in the nave of 
the Church on the north side near the door of the Choir. 

" 1539. Oct 9. Death of an honourable man Colin Campbell Earl of Argyll, 
Lord Campbell and Lorn, who died at Inverary. and was buried at 
Kilmun. May God have care of his soul. 

" 1530. April 18. Death of Finlay M^orricht 

'' 1531. Feb. 28. Death of Alexander M^Ayr Rawyr at Aulich in Ran- 

noch, and buried at Killechonan. 

" 1531. August II. Death of Duncan M^Connilgorme at Rayn in Eddirgowill. 
he was buried in the Church of Inchadin on the north side of the door 
of the Choir. 

''1536. Sep. 5. James V. King of Scotland passit and salit in France, 
accumpaneit with Archabald Earl of Argyle the Earl of Rothess Sir 
John Campbell of Calder, schipit with diu Lordis and Knychtis, bot 
nocht returned to his Kingdome till the 5. day of Sep. 1526. 

" 1538. June I. Death of Christian Stewart Lady of Garth. She was buried at 
the altar of St Ninian (of Dull ?). 

"1542. Oct 30. In the year 1542. there was a great army of Scots at 
Jedburgh to fight the Saxons invaders of the Kingdom of Scotland 
thay remained there for fifteen days, and returned without fighting on 
the3o. ofOct^ 

" 1531. Death of Duncan M^Conilgorme in Eddergowyll. 

" The quhilk yer I sayd my first mes on Wytsunday afoyr. Memoran- 
dum. — Rannoch was hareyd the mome eftir St Tennenis day in harist be 
John Erlle of Awthoell and be Clan Donoquhy, and at the next 
Beltane eftir that the quhilk was XXXII yer, the Bra of Rannoch was 
hareyd be them abowin wryttin, and Alexander Dow Albrych war 
heddyth at Kinlochtrannoch the quhilk Belten and yer I com tyll the 
cwyr (cure) of Fortyrgill fyrst, and Alexander M*^Gregor of Glenstra 
our Scheiff was bot ane bame of 7 yer that tyme. 

" 1542. Dec. Death of Katherine Neyn Ayn Neill, wife of John M^Ayn Rawych 
V*^Gewycar (M^Vicar) in Achlie (Auchline). 

" „ Feb. 20. Death of Katherine M^Chastyllan, wife of Alexander M^'Olch- 
allum V^Gregor, at Slattich in Glenlyon. 

" 1545. August 25. The House of Gordalis Throchchdare apud Strythbrawyn 
(Trochrie in Strathbran) was burnt by Alexander MacGregor of 

^ It is assumed by Mr Gregory that Dean MacGregor's death must have taken place soon after 
this period. But the Curate of Fortingall continued the Obituary from 1531, and the entry on 
August II is therefore repeated with a memorandum added, and the Chronicle is henceforward 
quoted from ''Black Book of Taymouth." 



64 History of the Clan Gregor 

Glenstray^ on which day Robert Robertson of Strowan was captured 
and four of the servants of Robert were slain. God the just render 
unto each according to their works. 
" 1547. March 6. Death of Gregor Patrickson MacGregor in Glenurquhay at 

Aychinchechallan, and buried in Dysart. 
" 1548. Death of Mariote Neyn Olchallum V^Gregor Wife of Duncan M*^Ayn 

V*^Cowyll and afterwards wife of James M*^James V*^Robert at Slattich. 

" „ May 4. Death of Mary daughter of Duncan V*Ayn V*^Cowyll who 

was 'affedator' with Joanne Cam M^Duncan V^Gregor at Roro, 

and buried in Rannoch. 
** 1549. Sep. 3. Death of Christian Murra, wife of Gregor Dougalsoun at 

Balloch. She was buried in Inchadin. 
"1552. Expulsion of Gregor Dougallson from Balloch by CoUn Campbell at 

Whitsunday. 
*' ,, June 16. Murder and decapitation of Duncan MacGregor and his sons 

Gregor and Malcolm Roy by Colin Campbell of Glenurquhay and 

Duncan Roy Campbell of Glenlyon and Alexander Menzies of 

Rannoch with their accomplices on which day John Gour 

M^Duncan V*= Alexander Kayr were murdered by Alexander Menzies. 

at . Murder of Gregor, Clerk by Ewine M^Duncan V^Gour de 

Roro and buried in Straythfelen. 
" „ Nov. 27. Death of Katrine Nyn Velyem (William) V^'Olchallum wife 

of John Leyche, at Kynnalde ; she was buried at Inchadin. 
,,1554. April 30. Death of Katherin Neyn Dowyll V^Ayn wife of the 

Baron of Kyrquhurn (Colchuirn ?) and afterwards wife of Alex- 
ander Maxtone of Cultoquhay who died at Cultoquhey. 
" „ Jan. 26. Death of Ewine M*=CondoquhyV*^Gregor of Roro at Crythgarff 

in Parish of Fortingal ; and buried in the Choir of Branvo. with great 

lamentations of men and women. 
" „ There was a most severe snowstorm this winter. 
"1555. May I. Death of Gregor Dougalson at Carsdall "propre Dow" he 

was buried in Inchadin with a large congregation. 
<' „ Jan 12. Death of Dougal Dougalson at Fama in the house of his 

brother John Dougalson. He was buried in Inchadin. 
/ „ Jan 26. Death of Margaret Robertson wife of William MacGregor, at 

Port of Bofrak and buried at Weyme. 
" 1556. Sep. 27. Death of John Challarmore at Eddergovyllit and buried at 

Inchadin the night of St Michael the Archangel. 
" „ Jan. II. Death of Mariota Barre, wife of quondam Gregor Duncanson 

^ According to the age of the young Chief mentioned in 1532, Glenstray can at this time have 
been only twenty.— iS'^/. 



Chronicles of Fortingal 65 

of Roro and afterwards wife of M^Allexander V^James. She died 

at Klallwyng (Calvine) in Atholl and was buried at Strowane. 
" IS57- Juj^ ^6' Death of William MacGregor at Port of Bofrak he was 

buried at Inchadin in the Choir. 
" 1558. Feb. 8. Death of Malcolm M^^Neill M^^Ewine at Lagfarne in Fama in 

his own house and was buried in the Church of Inchadin.^ 

" Quhilk sammyr Schir Dougal McGregor byggit . , , ew hous besyd 

the kirk of Fortyrgill and . . . iugn yer Schyr Dougall gat the seneellarie. 

. . . Lessmoyr fra Collin Campbell of Glenurquhay. 
" 1562. May 21. Murder of Allaster M*^Ewin Dow V^Gregor by Patrick M*^Ayn 

VycOlchallum alias McGregor Kyllejiese (Killiehassie ?) he was buried 

at Foss. 
" „ Feb. 2. Death of John Dow M^'Condoquhy V*=Gr^or at the Castle of 

Glenurquhay. 
" 1563. Item death of Neyn Glas in month of Feb. 

"Yer of God 1563. ane gud symmer and gud harist pece and rest 

excep the Lard of Glenwrquhay wyryth aganis ClanGregor. 
" 1564. Sep. 10. Death of John Dou^lson at Fema. in his own house and 

was buried on the 7. in Inchadin. 
** „ May 28. Death of Rinalda M*^Artna wife of Angus Dow M^Ayn Voyr 

at Rannoch and was buried at Fortyrgill. 
" „ Nov. 5. Death of John Dow M*^Ewin V^Condoquhy at Bunrannoch 

he was buried in the Choir of Fortingall. 
" „ Murder of Patrick M^Ayn V^ouill V^A>'n by James M^estalcar at 

Ardewynnek Dec. 7. and buried on the 8. of the same in the grave of 

his kindred at Inchadin. 
" 1565. Murdered were Gregor son of the Dean of Lismore, alias MacGregor, 

and Robert M^Conil V^Gregor on the 11. of June viz on Penticost 

day in the afternoon and night, and the house was burnt and those 

murdered by James M^Gestalkar with his accomplices. They were 

buried in the same grave in the Choir of Inchadin. God will judge the 

hidden just and punish whom He wills to the second and third 

generation. 
" „ July 27. James M^^Gestalcar V^^Phatrik was slain with his accomplices 

by Gregor McGregor of Stronmelecan with his companions at 

Ardowenec. 
"1565. Jan. 31. Death of Christian Cunygem wife of John Dougallson at 

Stronfema, and buried at Inchadin. 
"1565. yeris. Item ane gud symmer and harist gret hayr schippis in mony 

^ " Pray for the soul of him who did good to God and man," added in the Latin verdon. 

I 



66 History of the Clan Gregor 

partis of Scotland, in Stiatherae, in Lennox, in Glenalmond, in 

Breadalbane, bayth slattyr and oppressyon beand mayd in syndiy vdr 

partis be the Erl of Ergyll and McGregor and ther complessis Siklyk 

in StrathardiU mony men slayn be the men of Atholl and the Stewartis 

of IxittL 
^'1568. April 13. Death of Duncan M*=Allestyr V*=01challum V*<;r^or at 

Slattich in Glenlyon. He vas bot 26 yer alld 
** 1568. Death of Janet Neyn Gregor at FortyrgiU and buried in the Choir 

there Oct. 12. 
*' 1570. April 7. Gregor of Glenstra heddtt at Belloch. 
" „ Aug. 12. John M^'Conil Dow V*^Geglas \^Kessok slayn besyd Glen- 

folloch and thirteen men of the lardis of Glenurquhais men slayn that 

da be CUnGregor, and ther complisis. Gud in hawin stance them of 

ther vykgytnes. So be it. 
" 1571. Nov. 16. Death of Gregor son of the Vicar of Fortingall in the house 

of his father in Fortingall ; he was buried there. 
'* 1572. Sep. 24. Allaster M^AUestjrr slain and his son ane yonge bame of 

sewin yer aid callyt Gregor, and Duncan brodyr tyl AUestyr al slain 

in Stronfama be Patrik Dow M*^Gregor V*<;)ondoquhy Lawdossyt with 

his complesis, and be the drath of Allestyr Gald V^Gregor. The saidis 

AUestyr and his son and brodyr zyrdith in FortyrgiU the 28 day of Sep. 
''1572. Nov. 30. Death of Donald Elder M^'Quhewin at Theneff in the house 

of his son Donald and buried in the Choir of Fortingall. 
" 1572. Jan. 9. Death of Katherine neyn Allestyr V^^Olchallum V*^Gregor wife 

of Patrick M^Quhewin at Ardtrasqyr Mn GaUocante' (mad?). She 

was buried in the Choir of FortingaU. 
"1573. Death of Donald McGregor V^CouU in the nordland March 13. He 

was buried in the Church of Taldow in Strathdayn. 
" 1574. April 7. Item Donald Dow M^'ConU V^Quhin heddyt at the Kenmore 

be CoUyn CampbeU of Glenurquhay and zirdyt in FortyrgiU that 

samyn day. 
" „ Item gud Maid N^Ayn Vay in Glenlyon spouse tiU the clerk 

M^'Nevin zirdit in Branwo the April 28. 
" „ Death of EUyssat Neyn Huston V^'Ewyn wife of Donald M*H3ondoquhy 

Voyr at FortingaU. 
" „ Oct. 4. Patrick Dow McGregor V^Duncan Lawdossyt was slain in 

Bofudyr (Balquhidder) by Clandowilchayr (Clandougalciar). 
"1576, July I. Death of Janet Neyn Duncan V*^Gregor wife of Donald 

M^Quhewin at Thyneff June 31. and buried July i in the Choir of 

FortyrgiU. 



Chapter VII 
Book of the Dean of Lismore 

IN connection with the preceding Obituary, some poems from the 
Collection known as the Dean of Lfsmore's Book^ now follow. 
They are written in praise of some of the MacGregors, whose deaths are 
recorded in the Obituary, and they show the traditional Genealogies 
current in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Some remarks by Dr 
Joseph Anderson on this subject are interesting : — 

" There are three separate Genealogies of MacGregor given by the MacGregor 
Bards in the collection of Sir James MacGregor Dean of Lismore. The oldest of 
them is introduced in the matter of fact manner of these old Sennachies. The 
author of this is M*^Gillinduk the man of songs, as if all the world ought to have 
heard of his fame. He commences the genealogy with Duncan Beg and carries 
it down to Malcolm whom he styles son of Derval and names his wife as Mary. 
Malcolm son of Derval may be recognised from the obit in the 'Chronicle of 
Fortingair as the Malcolm son of John Dhu M^Ain Cham who died in 1440. 
This Genealogy as he is the last mentioned and is spoken of as in life, was 
probably composed before that time. Derval his mother is mentioned in the 
'Chronicle of Fordngall' as Dervogill Nyn £an V^Lachlan wife of John Dhu 
MacGregor as djring at Glenurchy in 1424. The second Genealogy written by 
Duncan MacDugal Moill in the lifetime of John Dhu Macpatrick, Grandson of the 
Malcom who died in 15 19, carries the Genealogy up to Kenneth M^Alpin. Both 
are the same up to Duncan Beg, Great-Grandfather of that Gregor who was father 
to the John MacGregor whose obit is 1390. John Dow M*^Patrick*s mother may 
have been a Grant as the blood of Grant in thy apple-red cheeks and the death 
of John Grant in 1480 is noticed in the ' Chronicle.' " 

^ "A Selection of Andent Gaelic Poetiy from a MS. CoUection." Edited, with a Translation 
and Notes, by the Rev. Thomas M^Lauchlan, and an Introduction and additional Notes by 
William F. Skene, Esq., 1862. Particulars about the Dean and his fieunily are given in 
Chapter XIII. 



68 History of the Clan Gregor 



FlONNLADH RUADH AM BARD. 

" Fad a taim gun bhuaidh, 'f haigheal domh is mithich, 
Thainig time thkmhach, as an aoradh dhligheach, 
Is e conair a theighinn, d' iarraidh slait mhir, 
Gu flath treun nan Gaidheal, bi nar fhaighear luchd suailL 
Gu Mac Grigoir dion, is ceann air na sgoilibh, 
Ni bhi neomhin falamh, dlighear dhomh a mholadh. 
Gu fear is treun coir, an toiseach gach samhradh, 
Ni an samhach dha bhi, bithidh an amhaich gach h-amhuil 
'N uair theireas iad uime, Grigoir nan ceuda, 
Bithidh a chail am fogradh, gu trath os na treudaibh, 
Eoin is ceann do 'n treud sin, ilgh f huair creach a ghabhail, 
Theireas f^in ceol, beul ri beul 's a chamhar. 
'N uair a chi teaghlach armgheur, Mhic Grigoir am Bealach, 
Slighe mhin 'n a choire, ni b' eire riu an eallach. 
'N uair chinneadar a chomhrag 'g a ghairm an cridhe namhaid, 
Is ris f^in do theigheadh, an riochd goile 'us bhr^haid. 
De mhaisibh Mhic Grigoir, tothair chath r* a chulthaobh 
Gun diol ri daoinibh, 'us gach meodhar 'n a dhuna, 
'N uair dh' f hagam mo bhuaidh, am eis air lar trod. 
Mi ag innseadh mo mhiic 's e is millse le 'm oide. 
Ge h-olc an loch mhir mo dheileanas innseadh, 
Gon cliath 1^ loingsich 's e air la cath is millse. 
Cuimhnich gun bitheam romhad, Mhic Grigoir gun agadh, 
Ri aghaidh gach trod an dail siad fada fada. 
Ealasaid uasail iompaich mo mheuda, 
A bhean nan ciabh boga, dh' am buin an dkt fada. 

Fada." 



Is E tJGHDAIR SO DUGHALL MACGHILLE GHLAIS. 

" Righ ghaisge ei reachd Eoin, 

is asdaireach do dhuan a dhroing, 
Ni nach bheil a amhra do chkch, 

fhuair an fhioradh an sMdhe ilgh 
MacGrigoir nan greas geur, 

toiseach is treine air gach tlr, 
Eadar or 'us creach a Ghall, 

is dbigh a bhi gu mall mln ; 



Book of the Dean of Lismore 69 



FiNLAY THE RED-HAIRED BARD. 

" I am a stranger long to success, 'tis time that I should have it, 
Tis time now to desist, from satire justly due. 
The way that I shall take, to seek a noble branch, 
Is to the Prince of the Gael, where are no worthless guests. 
To MacGregor the brave, head of all the schools ; 
He's neither cruel nor sparing, to praise him is our duty. 
To whom courage is a right ; when summer time comes round, 
Peace he never knows, he's in the throat of all his fellows 
When men of him do speak, as Gregor of the blows, 
'Tis his delight to drive, flocks and herds before him. 
Of that flock John's ^ the head, the king at lifting cattle. 
I myself will sing, mouth with mouth at daybreak, 
When his sharp-armed men see, MacGregor at the Bealach, 
His way so gently soft, no weight to them their burdens. 
Then when war arises, proclaimed in enemies hearts. 
It is to him they'd gather, clothed in martial dress. 
'Tis of MacGregor's fame, when fighting's left behind, 
To men not to be cruel, his castle full of mirth ; 
When victory I had left upon the field of war, 

• When of the fight I spoke nought loved my patron more 
Though sad, on the stormy lake, to tell of my grief, 
To have a crew of mariners, is best in battle's day. 
Remember I'll be with thee, MacGregor without stain. 
In &ce of any foe, long, long's the time. 
Gentle Elizabeth, change thou my state ; 
Woman of softest locks, and of the loftiest brow." 



The author of this is Dougall Mac Gille glas. 

** Bold as a Prince is John in each gathering 
Twere long to sing his race's glory ; 
Of this there is no doubt 'mong men. 
That he is the first of the race of kings, 
Mac Gregor of the bravest deeds, 
Is the boldest chief in any land ; 
Between his gold and the Saxon spoil, 
Well may he live in ease and peace. 

^ Supposed to be John dubh MacGregor of Glenstrae, died May 24, 1 519.— Obituary. 



70 History of the Clan Gregor 



Aon roghainn ghaisge Ghaidheil Ghreige, 

Ids nior meathaich meud achlib 
Fear is fearr agh 'us iochd, 

an laimh an tir sliochd nan righe. 
Seabhag dead gheal nan tri ghleann, 

leis an leughar goil gach gniomh, 
Lamh is crodha an cathaibh dnnidh 

flath a 's c6ir dhe 'n t-slioch righ 
Air Mac Phadniig nan gruaidh dearg, 

'n uair athfhasas fearg an uaireachd 
Na h-alaich a bheir 'n a dheigh 

nocha slin an luadh cath ; 
Ogha Mhaoil Chaluim nan dearc corr, 

ni sgaradh ri 6r gun ditb, 
Gille daimheach, sothrach, seang, 

an lamh a 's fearr um gach ni ; 
Aicme Ghriogoir timchioll Eoin, 

ni mar chaillte a bhuille s'a mhbin 
Droing bhreagh air nach leughar lochd, 

is gnatb gort mar a thi ; 
Clann Ghriogoir an dream nach treig, 

an km nach bitheas rddh ri rlgh, 
Gaidheil ge fulachdach na fir, 

ni chaireadh siad sin am br 'gh ; 
Ni mo leo Gaidheil no Goill, 

na saoir fhir o chuain an rlgh; 
Aicme Ghrigoir nan colg cruaidh, 

o bhorb shluagh ni 'n gabh sniomh 
Brainean foime nam fear fiala, 

oighre Ghrigoir nan srian 6r, 
Olc do dhuine air an dean creach, 

miosad do neach theid 'nan toir ; 
Flath Ghlinne Liobhainn nan lann, 

sgiath bhrignmhor nach gann ri cl6ir 
Lamh mar Osgar anns gach cath, 

is da is cosmhuil am flath fein ; 
Urram eanaich d' a ghruaidh dheirg, 

a fhuair gun cheilg mar is coir 
Air ghabhail 'einich do gach neach, 

air thiolacadh each 'us 6ir ; 



Book of the Dean of Lismore 71 



Choice for courage of the Grecian Gael 
Whose meed of praise shall ne'er decay, 
Abounding in charity and love, 
Known in the lands of the race of kings. 
White-toothed falcon of the three glens, 
With whom we read the bravest deeds, 
The boldest arm 'midst fight of clans, 
Best of the chiefs from the race of kings. 
When on Mac Phadrick of ruddy cheeks 
Wrath in battle's hour awaked. 
The men who with him share the fight 
Are never safe amidst its blows. 
Grandson to Malcolm of bright eyes. 
Whom none could leave but felt their loss, 
The generous, gentle, shapely youth. 
The readiest hand when ought's to do. 
The race of Gregor stand round John, 
Not as a weak one is their blow ; 
The famous race without a fault, 
Round him like a fence they stand. 
Clan Gregor who show no fear, 
Even when with the king they strive, 
Though brave Gael may be the foe, 
That they count of little weight. 
Gael or Saxon are the same. 
To these brave men of kingly race. 
Sons of Gregor bold in fight. 
Bend not before the fiercest foe. 
Prince of the host of generous men. 
To Gregor of golden bridles, heir. 
Pity the men whom you may spoil. 
Worse for them who you pursue. 
Chief of GlenLyon of the blades. 
Shield and benefactor of the Church, 
His arm like Oscar's in the fight, 
To whom in all things he is like. 
Kindness mantles on his red cheek, 
Thy praise he justly wins ungrudged, 
Benevolence when to men he shows, 
Horses and gold he freely gives. 



72 History of the Clan Gregor 



Mac Grigoir an teaghlaich ghrinn, 

ni h-ioghnadh leinn 'n a chuirt cliar, 
Ni bheil coimeas d' a uchd geal, 

ach am fear dhe 'n robh an fhiann ; 
Aigesan tri freiceadan fionn, 

braigh a ghiUe ni facadh riamh, 
Lamh bu mhaith ioighuil an greas, 

do b' ionmhuinn leis fuileach fiadh 
Cosmhuil a mhein's mhodh, 

lis an righ 'g a robh an Fhiann, 
Ri h-agh Mhic Grigoir nan creach, 

bheir roghadh gach neach am mian ; 
Maith is cumha a rosg gorm, 

ri Mac Cumhail nan com fial, 
lonann an or fa dhuinn, 

agus an run diolaidh diar ; 
lonann an suiridh 's an sealg, 

riu 'us Cu ceaird nam Fiann, 
A ta an rath air sliochd nan righe, 

is maith an cliu 'us an ciall ; 
Fineach 'us eangnath 'us iochd, 

do cheangladh air an sliochd righ, 
Fion 'us ceir, agus mel, 

am miann sin le sealga fhiadh ; 
Fine Eoin is gasda gniomh, 

iad mar mhacaibh righ na Feinn, 
Agus Eoin mar am Fionn fein, 

'n a cheann air gach daimh a. . . . . 
Ge dhurachd leo flaitheas Feinn, 

do chathaich ri linn na Feijn, 
Is air Mhac Phadruig a ta an rath 

sharuich se gu maith 

Mac Grigoir nan dochair a t' ann, 

ceann sochair ceall 'us diar, 
Taobh seang air am breithbbean, 

o Gleannsrath nam fear fial ; 
Comhrad dhuinn breth le Eoin, 

is ni g' a dheoin do ni, 
A tiodhlacadh each 'us or, 

fa 'n seach mar is coir do righ ; 



Book of the Dean of Lismore 73 

Mac Gr^or of the noble race, 

No wonder though bards should fill thy court ; 

To his white breast there is no match, 

But he so famous 'mong the Feinn. 

Three fair watches him surround, 

Never as captives were his men ; 

His arm in battle's struggle strong, 

Well did he love to hunt the deer. 

In mien and manners he was like 

The king who ruled amongst the Feinn. 

MacGregor of the spoils, his fortune such 

That choicest men do covet it. 

Good and gentle is his blue eye. 

He's like Mac Cumhail of liberal horn, 

Like when giving us his gold, 

Like when bestowing gifts on bards, 

Like in wooing or in hunt. 

To the Cu Caird^ among the Feinn. 

Fortune attends the race of kings, 

Their &me and wisdom both are great. 

Their bounty, prudence, charity. 

Are knit to them, the race of kings ; 

Wine, and wax and honey. 

These, with the stag hunt their delight 

Famous the actions of John's clan. 

Like to the sons of the Fenian king; 

John himself was like to Finn, 

First and Chief 'mongst all his men. 

Though many sought to have Finn's power, 

'Mongst those who fought against the Feinn, 

On Patrick's son fortune attends. 

His enemies he has overcome. 

Mac Gregor who destroys is he 

Bountiful friend of Church and bards ; 

Of handsome form, of women loved, 

He of Glenstay of generous men. 

Easy 'tis to speak of John 

His praise to raise loud in the song. 

Giving his horses and his gold. 

Just as a king should freely give. 



74 History of the Clan Gregor 



Righ neimh, Mhuire oigh, 

dlighe mar is doigh mo dhion, 
Mo bhreith 's a chaithir gun cheilt, 

's a bheil Athair Mhic an Aig 
Righ." 



Is E tJGHDAIR SO DUNCHADH MAC DHUGHAILL MHAOIL. 

** Aithris fhreumh riina Eoin Mhic Phadruig, 

no 'r creud cheileam, 
Na bhitheann 'g a f hine nior fhanna, 

mu 'm a chinnidh do char sinn 
Teirc ri aithris fhine fhanna 

dh' uailsibh Gaidheal nan glan dhkil 
Fochd na freumh gu bheil, 

do luchd leughaidh nan leabhar. 
Barail dileas doibh 'us domh, 

feadh ard an f heasgair orra. 
An fhuil ilgh an caomh, 

chur an fhior dhream Ghrigoir ; 
Mi r^idh ri d' kros glas, 

eisd Eoin ri 'd sheanchas, 
Riamh de fhreumh tamaid, 

righ seimh saor-theist 
Padruig athair, aithne dhuit, 

Maolcholuim athair Phadruig, 
Mac Eoin duibh na 'r dhubh brkigh, 

dligheach a chuire 's a chreadradh 
Eoin eile athair Eoin duibh, 

Mhic Grigoir, Mhic Eoin aghmhoir, 
Ta triar feara fa feile, 

triar teamhaireach mu thromchleir, 
Athair an Eoin sin oileanaich, 

Maolcholuim na 'r cbeil a n^, 
Mac Dhunchaidh mhuiginir bhig reim, 

onchoin air nach tig toibheum. 
Dunchadh eile athair-san 

Mac Gillfhaolain oirchill. 
Do shaor leat 'n uair dh' f hoir ri daimh, 

Mac Aoidh hi o Urchaidh. 



Book of the Dean of Lismore 75 



King of heaven, Mary Virgin, 
Keep me as I should be kept. 
To the great city fearless me bring 
Where dwells the Father of the King. 

Bold. 



The author of this is Duncan Mac Dougall Maoil. 

The history of the secret origin of John Mac Patrick 

Why should I conceal it ? 

What belongs to his race is not feeble, 

The bearing of that race we love. 

Seldom of a feeble race it is. 

Among the Gael of purest fame, 

That inquiry of their origin is made, 

By the men who read in books 

Firm the belief to them and me, 

During the evening time so dark 

That in the blood of noble kings 

Were the rights of true ClanGregor 

Now that I*m by thy green dwelling. 

Listen John to thy family story. 

A root of the very root are we 

Of famous kings of noble story. 

Know that Patrick was thy Father, 

Malcolm father was to Patrick. 

Son of Black John, not black his breast, 

Him who feasts and chariots owned. 

Another John was Black John's father. 

Son of Gregor, son of John the lucky. 

Three they were of liberal heart, 

Three beneficent to the Church. 

The father to that learned John, 

Was Malcom who his wealth ne'er hid. 

Son of Duncan surly and small. 

Whose standard never took reproach. 

His father was another Duncan, 

Son of Gillelan of the ambush. 

Noble he was, giving to friends, 

Son of the £Bimous Hugh from Urquhay. 



76 History of the Clan Gregor 



Ceanan nan corr gatha, 

athair Aoidh Urchaidh, 
O Alpain a ghaig mhein ghlan, 

ardrigh nam balg bheum brioghmhor. 
So an ceathramh tuaraisg a 's tug, 

umad a oighre Phadruig, 
Cuimhnich ceart bheil fa 'd chaomh 

dream o Alpain oighre Dhughaill, 
Fear an fhichead is tu fhein, 

Eoin dubh nach dubh ere, 
Do cheart sheanchas is e sin, 

gu Feaighus Mac Eire aghmhoir. 
A 'd cbinneadh nach crion ri fodhair, 

s6 linn do ghabh coron, 
Da fhichead agus triur righ, 

dlighear an fhuil 's an ardfhreumh, 
Tri tuathruidh, tri deasruidh, 

an deigh Mhaolcholuim Chinnmhoir, 
Da choigear choron a chinnidh, 
o Mhaolcholum gu Alpain^ 
O Alpain suas is e bhitheas, 

ceithir deug fir gu Ferghus, 
Do cheart sheanchas is e sin, 

riamh gu Ferghus Mac Eire aghmhoir. 
Cia lion de sheanchas 

imar sin riamh gu Ferghus faighidir, 
lomadh fine oil fa d' fhuil tathas, 

nach kireamar n' uair kirmheas. 
Do bu sgith sgoil d' an sgeulaibh, 

gach righ a bheil fa d' ur fhreumh 
Fuil Artuir fa d' urla fann, 

maith do chuid 'do chuislean ; 
Fuil Chuain, fuil Chuinn fa 'd chnea^ 

da shuthain sothrain n' fhine 
Fuil Ghrantach ma 'd ghruaidh mar ubhal, 

fuil Neil nimheil neart-mhoir 
Garg mhin a ceiun 's a gach greas, 
de reim ard righ an aithris. 
Aithris." 



Book of the Dean of Lismore "j"] 

Kennan of the pointed spear, 

Of Hugh from Urquhay was the father. 

From Alpin of stately mien and fierce. 

Mighty king of weighty blows. 

This is the fourth account that's given 

Of thee who art the heir of Patrick. 

Remember well thy backbone line, 

Down from Alpin, heir of Dougal 

Twenty and one besides thyself, 

John the black not black in heart. 

Thy genealogy leads us truly 

To the prosperous Fergus M^Erc. 

Of thy race which wastes not like froth, 

Six generations wore the crown. 

Forty Kings there were and three. 

Their blood and origin are known. 

Three there were north and three to the south. 

After the time of Malcom Kenmore. 

Ten of the race did wear the crown. 

From the time of Malcom up to Alpin. 

From Alpin upwards we do find 

Fourteen kings till we reach Fergus. 

Such is thy genealogy 

To Fergus, son of Ere the prosperous. 

How many are there of thy race 

Must there have been from thee to Feigus. 

Noble the races mix with thy blood. 

Such as we now we cannot number. 

The Schools would weary with our tale 

Numbering the kings from whom thou 'rt sprung. 

The blood of Arthur is in thy bosom 

Precious is that which fills thy veins; 

The blood of Cuan, the blood of Conn, 

Two wise men, glory of the race. 

The blood of Grant in thy apple-red cheek, 

The blood of Neil the fierce and mighty. 

Fierce and gentle, at all times, 

Is the story of the royal race. 



78 History of the Clan Gregor 



Is E (TGHDAIR SO MAC GiLLIONDAIG AM FEAR DAN. 

^* Buaidh thigheam air thoisichibh, 

a ta o thiis an cinne, 
Airidheach de na h-oig f hearaibh, 

gach aon f hear a breith fios, 
Ceud tigheam na tir-sa, 

Dunchadh beag fa mbr aigne, 
Do dh' fhag mar a chuid dilib, 

aig clann Ghriogoir an gaisge. 
Dunchadh mbr de mhileadhaibh, 

athair beannaichte Mhaolcholuim, 
Seanair Eoin aonfhlaith nior gheill, 

cunradh'n uair a chunbhaiL 
Grigoir deagh-mhac Dhunchaidh, 

mac o Eoin do b' e oighre, 
Fear aibheasach o'n chontath, 

o Loch thaobh sholuis Tulaich. 
Eoin dubh angoilgeillte, 

mac aireadhach Eoin mhic Grigoir, 
Sealgair dhamh dhreachach, 

ttis gach cogadh do fhritheal. 
Maolcholum go dheagh chunbhal, 

aithnichte Eoin d' ^is a athar, 
Deisceart glinne geal Urchaidh, 

maiseach do chaidh m'a cachta, 
A ta toiseach an uibhireachd, 

do chloinne Ghrigoir o Ghallaibh, 
'Qa bheil tri thigheam beb, 

grkdh sealga, 'us beb ghaisge. 
An aimsir Chuinn cheud chatha, 

do chuala mi a mhac samhail, 
Fionn ni ghabh o gheur lannaibh, 

Mac Cumhail nan grath calm. 
Sealg Eirinn's thigheamas 

aig Mac Cumhail 'n a coillich 
Aoibh dha no tighearnas, 

air criochaibh clanna Ghuill. 
D' fhiodh f a linn da 'n leigeadh, 

o Charaidh gu Cam Bhalair. 



Book of the Dean of Lismore 79 

The author of this is Mac Gillindak, the Man of Songs. 

The Lords have precedence of chiefs, 
It has been so from the beginning ; 
It is commendable in young men, 
That each should have knowledge of this, 
The first who was Lord of this land. 
Was Duncan b^ (little) of the great soul, 
He who as a legacy has left, 
Their bravery to the ClanGregor. 
Duncan, great by many spoils. 
Was the blessed father of Malcom ; 
Grandfather he was to Princely John, 
Him who never broke his pledge. 
Gregor, excellent son of Duncan, 
Was son to John and was his heir; 
Famous man he was of the country. 
From the bright shore of Loch Tullich, 
Swarthy John,^ so pure in speech. 
Princely son of John M^^Gregor,^ 
Hunter of the well formed deer. 
He like a king aye led the fight, 
Malcom of unbending truth, 
Elnow thou John, succeeds his father, 
Southwards in fair Glenurchay, 
Handsome he was amongst its valleys. 
The first place 'mong their ancestors 
Is given by the Saxon to ClanGregor, 
Of whom were three chiefs loved the hunt, 
And were most active in the fight 
In the days of Conn of hundred battles, 
I heard something like this. 
Of Finn of spears and sharp sword, 
Cumha's son of famous deeds. 
That of Erin the hunting and lordship 
Belonged to Mac Cumhal of long locks, 
Patrimony and lordship he had not 
Over the lands of the race of the Gaul. 
Forest right they had all his life. 
From Kerry north to Cam Valair. 
^ John Dhu, ob. 1415. * John Cham M<^Gr^or, page 21. 



8o History of the Clan Gregor 



Roimhe ghabh na seisir, 

bha aig 'n a f hiodha. 
O shamhainn gu bealltainn, bhuineadh, 

air ni gach ti d' a Fhianaibh, 
An t-sealga fa soimheamh samhradh, 

aig an inbhe in fhiodha 
lomadh cis nach airmhear, 
I aig Fionn no aig fear a kirmhidh. 

Fiacha Eirinn da roinn, 

air Mhac Cumhail 'n a fhiodh. 
Fiodh mhoir ridir dh' Fhiantaibh, 

air bruachaibh gach buinne, 
Aig sin ni bheil diongairean, 
\ Mhaoilcholuim aig Mac Muime. 

Ni dheaadh Fionn fein sealg, 
; gun sireadh a cheada, 

I Sealg Albainn gun fharraid 

aig Maolcholum 's a chreacha. 
Cunbhalach 'n an coshealg 

Mac Grigoir is garg daoine, 
Nior mhince coin cro-dhearg, 

gu longphort cloinne Bhaoisgne. 
Linn trodach de thoisichibh, 

eiridh leis an la catha, 
Fir iad air oirleachaibh 

'g luchd ti 'san tkchair. 
Ceannas fion 'us fiiidhantais, 

coitchinn is cliii dh' a chinneadh, 
Air bam ghaisge ghl^ dhearbhas, 

Mac Grigoir grkdh ni bheil. 
lomadh 'n a chuirt coluath, 

saolaim cuideachd a 's colg teann, 
Or dearg air an domairibh, 

airm leoghain Loch Abh. 
Co sheirm eadar clkrsaichibh, 

na doine an l^ich 'n an lamhaibh, 
A luchd ti o thaibhlisibh 

a dol &r gheibhear gadhar. 



Book of the Dean of Lismore 8i 

But he possessed the old rightSi 
Which previously were his. 
From Hallowmas on to Beltin, 
His Feimi had all the rights. 
The hunting without molestation. 
Was theurs in all these forests. 
Many the tributes I cannot tell, 
Belonged to Finn and his men. 
Tribute in Erin possessed. 
By Mac Cumhail from the forests. 
A noble forest's right to the Feinn, 
On the banks of every stream. 
But Malcom's^ large tributes 
Did not belong to Mac Muim ; 
Finn himself would never hunt 
Without first asking leave. 
The hunting of Scotland, without leave 
Belongs, with its spoil, to Malcom. 
Constant in the hunt together 
Are MacGregor and his fierce men , 
No oftener did the blood-red hounds 
Enter the fort of Clan Boisgne. 
A fighting band of chieftains 
Arose with him in battle's day, 
Men whose dress sparkled with gold. 
Men who conquered in the fight 
The heads of clans and of huntsmen 
In the common fame of his race. 
No trial of bravery of skill 
Will show weakness in M^'Gregor. 
Many in his halls are found together. 
Men who carried well-sharped swords, 
Red gold glittered on their hilts, 
The arms of the lion of Loch Awe. 
Harmonious musick among harps, 
Men with dice-boxes in their hands 
Men who leave the game of tables, 
Go and lead forth the hounds. 

^ Assumed to be Malcolm, son of John Dhu McGregor. He died on the aoth April 1440, and 
the poem appears to have been written in his lifetime. From the references in the poem, Malcolm's 
mother was Denrogil (0^. 1424), and his wife Mary. 

L 



82 History of the Clan Gregor 



Mac Grigoir bos ban* chorcuir, 

Mac Diarbhuill buaidh a Ghallaibh, 
Aon chara na calmachd a lamh, 

le 'r rkinig gach rath buaidh. 
Buaidh feile ri filidhibh, 

a ni Mac Laomuinn a chosnadh, 
Do mhadaibh a chliii ceann-aigh, 

air thiolacadh a lamh luath. 
Mairidh muime ollamhan, 

mingheal is maith com, 
Na cliar 'g a comoladh, 

corcra a gniaidh no sugh.** 



Book of the Dean of Lismore 83 



Mac Gregor of red-pointed palms, 

Son of Dervail, the Saxon's terror, 

No hand like his amidst the fight, 

He 'tis that ever victory won. 

Liberal he ever was to bards, 

Gifts which Mac Lamond knows to earn. 

Famous for managing his hounds, 

A hand so ready with its gifts. 

Mary who stands by his side, 

Of noble mind and handsome form, 

Poets unite to give her praise. 

Her with cheeks as berries red. 



Chapter VIII 
1513 to 1548 

KING JAMES IV. having lost his life at the fatal Field of Flodden, 
9th September 15 13, the long minority of a child-king again began. 
Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurquhay fell with most of the Scottish 
nobility, and was succeeded in his lands by his son Sir Colin. There 
does not appear to be any authentic record of the ClanGregor at Flodden. 
During the reign of James V., when both Highlands and Lowlands were 
convulsed with incessant troubles, the Clan was not more conspicuous for 
feuds than its neighbours. 

The following Band of Manrent from the "Black Book of Taymouth," is 
curious as showing the customs as to receiving foster children : — 

"1510. April 29. Obligation by Johne M^^Neill Vreik (breac, freckled) in 
Stronfema and Gregoure his brother to receive Coleyne Campbell lawful 
3d son to Coleyne Campbell the eldest son and heir of Sir Duncane 
Campbell of Glenurquhay Knight in fostering and to give him a bairns 
part of gear ; and giving to the said Sir Duncane and his heirs their bands 
of manrent and calps that is the best aucht in thair housis the tymes of thair 
deceiss ; the said Sir Duncane and Coleyne his son being bound to defend 
the saids John and Gregour in the lands of Stronfema and the rest of the 
rowmis they possess as law will : Johne Campbell of Laweris brother to Sir 
Duncane, Sir Robert M^^Nair Vicer of Killin Alexander Maknachtan Tul- 
donycht Talzeour Mac&le and Gillechreist Clerk witnesses. Signed at the 
Isle of Loch Tay. Schir Maureis M^Nauchtane Vicar of Inchedin notar." 

From the " Chartulary " :— 

"1514. 31st May. In lykewiss the Lord Dromond hes takin upoun him the 
inbringing of ye Kingis and Quenis propirte w4n the boundis of Buch- 
quhidder and Stratheme sua that he have authorite of in and furth putting 
of the Chalmerlane. — ^Acta Dominoram Concilii zxvi 

'' 1522-23. February 16. Anent our Soverane Lordis Letters purchest at the 



Chartulary 1524 to 1527 85 

instance of Robert Menzies Knicht against Jonet Countess of Athole^ 
makend mentioun That quhair Sche and hir tenentis of Athole hes laitlie 
be sinister and wrang information purcheist uther letters direct be deliuer- 
anoe of the lordis of Counsale chargeing the said Robert to put and hald 
McGregor his Clan and Complices, out of the said Robertis landis of 
Rannach haldin be him of our Soverane Lord in feuferm, and feubying 
thairof, the said Robert to answer for the haill skaith done be the said 
M^rregor and his Clan to our Soueran Lordis Lieges of Athole and utheris 
nixt adjacent yairto quhilk is unpossible to the said Robert to doo, consider- 
ing the said M^regor on force enterit on the said Robertis landis and with- 
haldis the samyn fra him maisterfully, and is of fer greater power than the 
said Robert and will not be put out be hun of the saidis landis.' ... * The 
Lords of Counsale suspendis the letters purchest be the said Jonet Countess 
of Athole charging the said Robert to put and hauld M^rregor his Clan and 
Complices out of the said Robertis landis of Rannoch and ordainis the 
effect of theme to ceiss, ay and quhill thai be producit befoir the Lordis of 
Counsell and the party wamit to the production yairof and letters to be 
direct yairupoun as effeirs. — Acta Dominorum Concili xxxiii. 

"1534-5. Early in the morning of 2$\h March Annunciation of the Blessed 
Virgin and by the then reckoning New Year's day 1524, (1525 by the 
modem computation) Makintosh of that Ilk went to a fatal hunting seat, 
for John M^Callum Milmor, and his brother William, with three others, 
their associates in wickedness surround him and so soon as they descried 
Makintosh alone in the hunting seat, they attack him from their lurking 
places and treacherously run him through the body, in his 34th year. In 
revenge for this murder, Donald Makintosh (otherwise 'glas,' or wan 
complexioned) son of Makintosh's brother William and Donald Makintosh 
(otherwise son of William, son of Allan) his kinsman, by the help of 
Dominus' MakGregor who had married the deceased's sister apprehend 
John M^Callum near Anakelt &*. A M.S. History of the Makintoshes in 
the archives of Moy Hall states of the lady that she married first * Lord 
MacGregor' and afterwards 'the Baron Kincame.' De origine et incre- 
mento Macintoshiorum M.S. in MacFarlane's Papers. 

''1527. Item Johnne M^Gregour of Glenstray, ten pundis to be pait at 
Lammas in anno &* xxvij for x ky, a mere, a foil, vi lib aittis ' sawin of 
the guidis of Duncan Gromache, not provin, and the rest of the said 
Duncan Gromache's guids gif there be ony to be reseruit to my lord's will, 

^ See Chapter III., page 34. 

* How called Lord is not known, it may have been a mistake for Laird, and so translated into 
itin. 
' Pounds of oats sown. 



86 History of the Clan Gregor 

bot gif my Lord be pleisit yrfor. — Erie of Argyll's * Book of Casualties,' pre- 
served in Register House, Edinbuiigh. 

" 1527. August 14th at Edinburgh. Quo die Johannes, Comes Atholie plegins 
devenit ad intrandum Donaldem Campbell nominatum ad Abbacium de 
Cowper & &. Archibald Campbell son of Duncan Campbell Knight; 
James Campbell of Lawers, John Campbell his brother, Neill Stewart, 
John Stewart, son of John Stewart Kt. Gregour Dougalsoune,^ John and 
William Dougal^une,^ John Makewin Makalester Captain of the Clan- 
gregour, Duncan Bayne his cousin, Duncan Brek his Cousin, Donald 
Fatricksone Duncan Donaldsone, Gregor Fatricksone, Patrik Duncansoun 
in Dundwme,^ James his brother, Duncan Campbell, son and heir of 
Duncan Campbell Kt. ad subcundum leges pro arte et parte convocationes 
ligeorum Domini R^s ad magnum numerum vemendi super, Patricium 
Charteris Frepositum de Ferth die festi Corporis Christi ultimo elapso, 
ipsum invadendo et pergarte et parte mutilationis. Duncan Cameron et 
Fatricii Rutherford Servitorum dicte Fatricus. — Record of Justiciary. 

"1527. Sept 2. Decreet of Removal, obtained at the instance of Andro 
Lord Avondale, who has the gift of the Ward, Relief and Non entry of the 
lands and Earldom of Lennox against the tenants of the said ward lands 
charging them to cease occupying the same, among whom are mentioned 
Patrick M^Gregour Malcolm M^Gregour, and others, — ^Acta Dominum 
Concilii. 

"1528. 12 April. John M^'Ewen M^^Allaster Captain of the Tribe of Glen- 
stray died at Achallader in Glenurquhay and was succeeded by his son 
Allaster. 

" Gleniurquhay. Item Gregor M^^Patrick M*^Gregour sail pay to my 
Lord for the ward of Johnne M^Gregouris landis of Glenstray Ix merkis at 
yir termes efter written viz xx merkis at the Natuiite of our Lady (8th 
September) in anno &^ xxviij, xx merkis at Andromas (30th November) 
eodem anno, and xx merkis at the Natuiite of our Lady in anno &* xxix. 
Plages for the said soume Johnne Campbell, M^Ane vie Ewin, and John 
M^Donachie M*^Gregour conjunctim et divisim. 

'* Kinlochgoyle. Duncan Campbell Robertsoun Captain of Carrik sail 
pay to my lord for the marriage of M^Gregour soun and ayr sewyn scoir of 
merkis at yir tennis efter wrytin the thrid part of the said soume at the fair 
of Lukemas in anno &* xxviij the thrid part of the said soume at the fair of 
Lukemas in anno &* xxix and the tother thrid part at the nixt Fatrikmass 
yairefter eodem aimo Regij for the said soume. — Earl of Argyll's * Book of 
Casualties.' 

^ Probably sons of Doogall Maol, father of Dean of Lismore, as they do not appear to have 
been of the Dougal Ciar family. ' Family of Dundum. 



Chartulary 1530 to 1532 87 

"1530. May. Slaughter of Alexr. M^Phatrick Roy and Duncan his son by 
Duncan Brek at West Culdar." 

In the course of 1528 Allaster MacGregor, son and heir of Joh^y 
M^^Ewin M^^Allaster, was formally infeoflFed in Glenstray (General R^^ister 
House of Sasines, as quoted by MacGregor Stirling), but at that time he 
can only have been three years old, because in 1532 the Curate of Fortingall 
states that "Alexander McGregor of Glenstra our Scheiff was bot ane 
bame of 7 yer that tyme." Thus the provision appointed for the " mar- 
riage of M^Greger son and heir " was evidently a sum to be set aside for 
the future event 

" 1530. December 2d. James Campbell of the Lawers askit instrumentis that 
he denyit yat he is Bailie of Ardowny or has any doo yairw** and y'foir 
renunceit all bailzeri gif he ony has in pins of the Kingis Grace, and Lordb 
foirsaidis of Ardownie. The Laird of Enoch askit instrumentis yat w^out 
sum gud reyle be finden for ye ClanGregor yat he may not ansuer for his 
landis nor be bund for gud reule in the samyn as he allegeit — Acta 
Dom. Con. 

"1531. March. Respite by James V. for Rebellioun, slaughter to M*^regor, 
M*^Clane, Cayme, Buquhannane, fynne Colquhoun Layn. — Privy Seal, ix. 44. 

"153 1. October loth. Before certain authorities and 'Domini Campbell et 
Lome Justiciarij Generalis.' 'Quo die Gillespy Makmakky Finlaiius 
M^Clintokech Johannes Dow Makgregor, Duncansoune, Duncanus 
M^^Gregor^ ejus frater in Moreynche, Duncanus Dow M*=Farlane, Gillespie 
Dow M^^Kinlay, pro arte et parte fuote, trium bovium et duarum vaccarum 
a David Drummond et suis pauperibus tenentibus extra terras sue asseda- 
tionis terrarum de Myllenab.' Outlawed for non-appearance. — Record of 
Justiciary. 

''1532. June 2Sth. Johannes Campbell, frater Duncani Campbell de Glenur- 
quhy et Gillechristus Makchemay Tarloch^ w^ ye ax. Duncanus Dow 
M^^Tarloch, Johannes Dow M*^Nab, Finlaius M*^Way, Donaldus M^Wane 
Duncanus the Maris sone in Auchrio', Finlaius ejus filius, Parlane Aquanite 
(of the cudgell i.e. player at the quarter staff) in Killeame, summoned before 
the Justice for convocating the lieges, cum Gregorio owr, Duncano 
M*^Phatrik vore, Donaldo M^Callich voy (roy), Tarloch Beg in Ardewnan, 
Donaldo M^Kessak, Donald^ vardno (mischancy) M^Gillip, rebellibus. All 

^ MacGregors in Morinch — ^at the North-West end of Loch Tay. Their ancestor was Gregor, 
son of Duncanbeg of Roro. There was another brother, Patrick. 
« "Tearlach" Charles.. 
' May not this word rather be " fortanach "fortunafe, on the contrary. 



88 History of the Clan Gregor 

induding John Campbell (afterwards Sir John Campbell 5th Laird of 
Glenurquhay of his fkmily, and father of Sir Colin 6th Laird) fugitated. 
— Record of Justiciary. 

"1532. i8th July. Johannes MacGregor alias Williamson in Auchindothy et 
Finlaius Rede in Monze^ for stealing xxx milch cows from William 
Dnimmond of Ballakin in Strathem, fugitated. — ^Record of Justiciary. 

'' 1533* Nov. 15th. Quo die Malcolmus M^oule Kere M^Gr^our, Duncanus 
M^^Gregour et Petricius M^^Gregourfratres^ for theft *Cum diver sis rebel- 
libus Domini Regis de la Clangregour in October last from Alexander 
Earl of Menteith and fugitated. — (ist distinct notice of this tribe). 

" 1534-5. Item sauld to Gr^or M^Donche V^regour of my Lordis former 
meal of Lochaw ewer of the crop of anno 1534 for xxyj si : viij pence to be 
pait to my lord at Sanctandrosmess day anno 1535. ^j ^^ ^^ meaL plege 
Johnne M^^Arthour officer of Lochaw ewer. — Earl of Argyll's 'Book of 
Casualties.' 

To Duncan M^Gregour of my lordis fermes meal of Lochaw ewer of the 
said crop for xxvj shillings viij pence to be pait to my lord the said day ij 
bols.— 73ii/. 

** 1535. July 20. List of persons fined in ^10 for not compearing on the 
assize of Sir John Colquhoun of Luss for intercommuning with Humphrey 
Galbraith and his Complices, Campbells, Buchanans and Patricius M^regour. 
— Record of High Court of Justiciary. 

" 1537-8. March 8th. John Menzies of Comrie plege for entering Andrew 
M^Wiccar, pro arte et parte incendis and combustionis certarum domorum 
infa terres de Weme in compatina de ClanGregor &*. — ^Justiciary Record. 

'< 1541. April nth. Dischere et Toyer. half of Dalgardy to John M^illireoch 
Corricarmyk assedatur Patricio M^regour for five years paying yearly 3 pund 
6 and 8 pence grassum 3 pund 6 and 8 pence absque pastura et Intromissione 
cum foresta de Balmakane. parts of the lordship to Duncan M^Carbery 
part of Clochrane to Gregour, Dougalstoun, Skeag to him. — Rentale Supremi 
Domini nostri Regis in Register House. 

" 1541. August 26. A Charter Granted by Archibald Campbell de Glenlyoun 
dated at Elgin May 1538. is witnessed by, among others, Duncane 
Makgregour. 

** 1541. September 13. Gevin to William Straitheme for his expensis passing with 
twa closs writings to Walter M'Farlane, and M'Gregour with diligence, xliijs. 

" 1541. Nov. Item gevin to Alexander hutoun for passing to M^rregour and 
AUane Stewart of Baquhidder^ with twa closs writingis . . . iij li." — Lord 
High Treasurer's Books. 

1 Dougall Kier Family. 

* M'Gregoar thas appears to hare IWed in or near Balquhidder. . 



Chartulary 1543 to 1548 89 

After the disastrous defeat of the Scottish Army at Solway Moss, Nov. 
25, 1542, King James V. expired on the 13th Dec. same year, leaving a 
daughter only six days old, to begin her life of trial as our Queen Mary. 

''1543. Dec. II. Anent the summondis raisit at the instance of Duncane 
MacGregour present tenant to Johnne Campbell of Calder Kt for spoliation 
of his corns, Delayed till 24. Jan. — Register Decreet of Court Session. 

'' 1546. August 14. Letter to Archibald Erie of Ergyle Escheit of M^Farlanes, 
Buchanans, John Bane M^^Callane, in Corroclaid, Dougal M^Gregour sone 
thair, Duncan M^Coulekerry M^Gregour George (Gregor) M^Robb alias 
M^Gregour there &^ &^. killing 50 persons servants of the Governor at the 
Townend of Dumbartone in July last. — Record of the Privy Seal. 

''1549-50. Jan. 29. Joannes M^Gregour Clavigeris (q. d. Chamberlain or 
Secretary.) along with Alexander Menzies of Rannoch witnesses a 
discharge by Elizabeth Colquhoun rehct of Duncan Campbell of Glenur- 
chay. — General Register of Decreets of Council and Session in Register 
House. 

** 1546. August 14. Gift of Escheat to Archibald Earl of Argyle, of all goods 
&* which pertained to Walter MacFarlane of Ardlesc Andro M^Farlane his 
son and heir &a John Bain M^Allane in Carronclaid, Dougall M^regour 
son there, Duncan M^Cowlekerr (Dougalkeir) M^Gr^or Robert Roy 
M^regour his man George M^Jok alias M^Gregour in Cragcrostan and 
many others at the horn for being 'art and part in the tressonable cuming 
to the townend of Dumbertane in the month of July bypast and crewall 
slauchter of fifty personis, servantis to mylord Govemour and Lordis, being 
with him in cumpany and for the reiifing steling and thiftuous awaytaking of 
four scoir 80 of hors at the samyn tyme apertening to my Lord Govemour 
and Lordis foresaidis. and for soming, reifif and oppressioun done be thame 
upoun the inhabitants of the Levenax and utheris pairtis thairabout and for 
thair tressonable being in company with the auld inymies of Ingland (?) in 
burning of divers pairties of Hir Graces realroe and spedalie of the town of 
Dunune, or be quhatsumevir manner of way sail happin or may pertene to 
hiv Hienes, with power &a. 

"1547. March 6. Gregor Patrikson MacGregor— died in Glenurquhay at 
Aychinchechallen. 

" 1548. Gift of Escheat to Maigaret Nykferlane relict of Donald MacGr^or 
in Glenlochye, John Dowsoun, her heirs &a of all goods which pertained to 
the said deceased Donald MacGregour her spouse and now through his 
decease in her Majesteis hands be reason that the said Donald was bom 
bastard. Edin. Sep. 28. 

" 1 548. Nov. 15. Gift to Hugh Morye commendator of the priory of Strathfillao 

M 



90 History of the Clan Gregor 

his heirs &a which pertained to the deceased . . . Johnstoun |MacGregour 
son natural to John Dow Duncanson M^^Gregour in Mureloganemore in 
Glenlochy in the shire of Perth, escheat through the said John being bom 
bastard. 

John Dow Duncansoun was himself a natural son of Duncan MacGregor 
in Moreloganemore, but in 1528 a royal letter was given to enable him to 
inherit property the same as if he were legitimate.^ 

The country of Rannoch had been inhabited by MacGregors from 
early days, and confident in what they conceived to be their right of 
possession and their position as king's tenants, they became undoubtedly 
thorns in the side of those who had been given charters over their heads. 
The Clan Menzies* do not appear to have been very exacting, but the 
Campbells lost no opportunity of endeavouring to sow strife between the 
ClanGregor and their neighbours. The following passages are taken, 
by permission, from the "Red and White Book of Menzies," by D. P. 
Menzies, F.S.Scot.* 

After stating that the left wing of the English was cut to pieces at 
Flodden by the Clans, including Menzies, MacGregors, &a, it continues : — 

"On Campbell of Glenurchy receiving all he could from Sir Robert in con- 
nection with his liferent of the lands of Crannoch, which gave him a footing on 
Loch Tayside, he then, for the purpose of forcing the Menzies to sell these lands, 
secretly, by misrepresentations and other influences, stirred up the MacGregors 
and other unsophisticated kindly tenants of the Menzieses to violate the laws of the 
land, and thereby embroiling Sir Robert into difficulties with the Crown for the 
acts of his tenants. These lawless men were not all MacGregors, but they were 
saddled with these crimes by their would be friend Campbell. 

". ... Sir Robert 'therefore on giving his son a grant of Rannoch bound him 
not to let these lands in life rents or long leases. It had been made clear to Sir 
Robert that the Campbells had in secret made use of the MacGregors to ravish his 
lands so that he would get disgusted with such a state of affairs, and would there- 
fore let or sell the lands on easy terms to the Campbells. This is quite obvious, 
as there never was any difference between the Menzies and the MacGregors who 

^ A copy of the letter which was written in Latin is given in the "Chartulary," but is omitted 
here as unimportant. 

^ Charter of the lands of Rannoch, to Robert Menzies of Menzies, 1st Sept. 1502, on lease. 
See Chapter IV., page 40. 

* Published October 1894. 



MacGregors in Rannoch 1 518 to 1530 91 

were their kindly tenants and kinsmen (?). until the crafty Campbells came as evil 
spirits among those peaceful Celts.' Sir Robert therefore procured a second 
obligation from his son William Menzies not to let his lands of Roro ^ in Glenlyon, 
to the Campbells or the Chief MacGregor. 

" Obligation not to set Rorow to Campbells nor the Chief of MacGregor : — * 
Perth, 22. Feb. 15 18. We William Menzies and Jonat Campbell my spouse binds 
and oblissis vs, and the langer levand of vs tua to ane honourable man Schir 
Robert Menzeis of that ilk, knyght, that we sal gif na takkis nor set in assedatioun 
the tuelf merkislands of Rorowis, with the pertinentis liand in the barony of 
Menzeis and Schirefdom of Perth, quhilkis we haif of the said Sir Robert to nane 
berand the surname of Campbell, nor to the Chief of the ClanGregor, vnder pain 
of ane hundreth pundis to be payt to the said Robert for costis, scathis, and 
expenses. Indorsed The oblygatioun that Rorow sail nocht be set to the Camp- 
bdls na Scheyflf of the ClanGregour. — Charter Room of Castle Menzies." 

It is stated in the "Lairds of Glenlyon," by Mr Duncan Campbell, 
that the second daughter of this Sir Robert Menzies (who died in XS23) 
married MacGregor of Roro. 

"For every theft or violation of the law done by the MacGregors (or by 
caterans or outlaws) the government held Sir Robert responsible as Lord of 
Rannoch. He petitioned the government to be relieved of this burden. This he 
urged in 1530. by 'asking instruments that without some good rule be found for 
the ClanGregor he may not be to answer for them on his lands, nor be burden for 
good rule in the same.' — Book of Menzies. 

" The MacGregors of Glenstray seem to have been on the best of terms with 
Sir Alexander Menzies (son and successor to Sir Robert) and for years they held 
the lands of Archty east and others in Rannoch where they had power from Sir 
Alexander to sublet these lands to any of the ClanGregor with the exception of 
Duncan Ladosach. 

" Lease by Alexander Menzies of Rannoch to John MacGregor of Glenstray of 
the twenty merkland of Rannoch ' fra the watter of Aracty est ' which had been 
held by the father of the said John for seven years for the payment of ;;^2o yearly 
and for the other customary service. The right is given to sublet the lands to any 
person except ' Duncan M^^Gregor M^Phadrick,* and his bamis.' Perth, 4, Oct. 
1548. — Menzies." 

^ Mention is made of the *' Roros and Glenlyoun " in a charter to Sir Robert Menzies, 15 10. 

' Duncan Ladosach. 

' This was not Duncan Ladosach, as his patronjrmics were Duncan MacGregor mor V^Gregor 
V<=Ian. 



Chapter IX 
Duncan Ladasach 

DUNCAN LADASACH, who the " Baronage "^ mentions as having 
acquired the lands of Ardchoill,* seems to have been an object of 
peculiar terror and aversion to Sir Colin Campbell of Glenurquhay, the 6th 
Campbell Laird. In the ^' Black Book of Taymouth " there is a satirical 
ballad entitled " Duncen Laideus alis Makgregouris Testament," the writer 
of which is not known, but throughout which the gall of the penman in abuse 
of the warrior, with whom his Clan was at deadly feud, is virulently displayed. 
A passage from an interesting work entitled " The Lairds of Glenlyon "* 
may explain the Laiird of Glenurquhay's position at this time. Quoting 
first from the " B.B. of Taymouth " where it is said of 

" Colene sext Laird of Glenurquhay " that he " was Laird induring the space of 
threttie-thre zeiris, in the quhilk tyme he conquesit the few of the kingis landis and 
Charter-hous landis in Braydalbane, the tackis quhaiiofif his predecessouris obtenit," 

the writer continues — 

"In addition to this he had acquired the ' superioritie of M^Nab his haill 
landis.' He was actually possessor of the greater part, and with the exception of 
Struan's small Barony of Femay, or Feman, and a few other small bits of land, 
was Lord Superior and Bailie of the different Baronies and Lordships of Breadal- 
bane. With the most ample feudal privileges, and though his predecessors had 
land and manrent in the district for nearly a century, he was still but a stranger in 
a strange land, in which his footing was but precarious, and the authority granted 
by the King far from being satisfactorily acknowledged and obeyed. At that time 
the feudal charter, until the title of the holder was recognised and confirmed by 
the so-called vassals, according to the old Celtic custom, that is, by acknowledging 

» See page 30. 

"InGlenDochart. 

' '* The Lairds of Glenlyon," historical sketches contributed to the Perthshire Advertiser, 1S55-58 
by Mr Duncan Campbell, parish schoolmaster of Fortingall, and now editor of the Northern 
Chronical, Inverness. The sketches have been collected by Sir Donald Currie, M.P., in a volume 
printed for private circulation, together with another volume of the same nature entitled " The 
Book of Garth and Fortingall,'' and are quoted here by the kind permission of Mr Campbell. 



1547] Duncan Ladasach 93 

him as chief, and granting him the calp^ of chieftainship, was little else than a piece 
of useless parchment. A landlord in order to have the use and mastery of his pos- 
sessions, must either conciliate or esctirpate the inhabitants. The Laird of Glen- 
orquhay was not in a position to adopt the latter alternative, and he therefore 
eagerly and skilfully seized upon the former. Breadalbane was at that time 
inhabited mostly by several old colonies or sections of distant clans, who had come 
under the auspices of di£ferent lord-superiors, to occupy the places of those ancient 
inhabitants upon whom confiscation and death had fallen on account of their 
accession to the long sustained, and to Bruce almost fatal, opposition of M^Dougal 
of Lorn. The inhabitants of Breadalbane were thus made up from five or more 
separate sources, and except the M^Nabs, a supposed branch of the ClanGregor, 
none of the sections had a chieftain. This gave the Laird of Glenurquhay the 
precious opportunity of establishing his judicial authority, and the band of manrent 
and calp of Ceann-Cinne naturally followed, from men alive to feelings of gratitude, 
for having been by the aid of the Bailie rescued from oppressors, and confirmed in 
their rights. Every act of judicial authority added what was both absolutely 
necessary for the safe exercise of that authority and the gradual vindication of 
feudal possession, a willing recruit to the standard of the 'justiciar.' It may 
sound strange to present landlords that, three hundred years ago, a proprietor 
could exercise no privilege of property till mutual kindness produced a bond of 
brotherhood between him and his vassals, till a democratic election confirmed the 
royal charter and the calp of clanship superseded the feudal enfeoffment. No 
suspicion appears to have crossed the Celtic mind that despicable parchment right 
to the soil was sufficient to confer the personal pre-eminence which, in the absence 
of hereditary chiefs, they, even they, with their wild notions of unrestrained firee- 
dom, had for the sake of internal union, and for giving edge to defensive or 
offensive policy, found it at all times requisite to support, but which as uniformly 
they had insisted upon creating for themselves, through means of a rude 
election." 

The preceding able description of the then state of matters will best 
explain the following bonds of *' Manrent," which are to be found in the 
** Black Book of Taymouth," corresponding with this period : — 

"The second day of Junii anno domini 1547 zeris at the castell of Glenurquhay 
Donald M'^Gillekeyr, Fynla M^illekeyr his son, Duncan M^illekeyr and Neill 
ATCouU V^IUekeyr, Mylcallum M^Coull V^^IUekeyr, Finlay M^Ane V*=Kyndlo, 

^ " An exaction made by a superior, especially by the Head of a Clan, on his tenants and other 
dependants, for maintenance and protection. This was generally the best horse, ox, or cow the 
retainer had in his possession " (Jamieson's " Dictionary "). It seems only to have become due at the 
decease of the clansman. Gtlpach or Colpach in Gaelic means a Heifer.— ^dTf^^. 



94 History of the Clan Gregor [1550 

Donald M*^Hewin V^IUekeyr, John oyr M^oull V^Illekeyr for thame and thair 
successiouD.^ 

" Thai and ilk ane of thaym hes .... chosyn of thayr awyn fre motywe .... 
ane honorable man Jhon Cambell of Glenurquhay and his ayris to their cheyf to 
be thair protector .... in all just actionis .... as ayne cheyf dois in the 
contreis of the helandis and sail haif landis of me in assedatioun for the payment 
afor wderis .... and quhen ony of thaym decessis sail leyf to me or my ayris ane 
cawylpe of kenkynie ' as is usit in the contreis aboutis, befor thir witnesses &^. &^ 
.... And atour thay hayf promest to brjmg all the layf of thair kyn that thay may 
to the sammyn effek .... and for the mair securite the pairt remanent witht Jhon 
Cambell the saydis persones aboun hes subscriuit witht thair awyn handis led at 
the pen .... be the viccar of Inchadyn 

Donald M^Gillekeyr with my hand led at the pen. 

Fynla M^Gillekeyr and Duncan his broder our hands 

led at the pen. 

Neill M^Coull V^Illekeyr and Malcum his broder do. do. 

Fynla M^Ane V^^Indlo do. do. 

Donald M^Hewin V^Illekeyr do. do. 

Jhon Oyr M^Coull V^Illekeyr siclyk. 

And in 1550 another interesting bond * — 

Alexander M^^Patrick V^^Condoqhuy is becumyn of his awin fre will ane .... 
faythtfuU seruand to Collyne Cambell of Glenwrquay and his ayris for all the dais 
.... of his lyftyme .... incontrar all ... . personis the authorite beand 
excepit alanerly baith till ryd and gang on horss and futt in Heland and Lawland 
upon the said Collynys expenses. And gif it happinnys ony difference betuixt the 
said Collyne his ayries and M^Gregour his Cheyff .... the said Alexander sail 
nocht stand with ane of theme bot he sail be ane ewinly man for baith the pairties. 
Attour the said Alexander hes made .... the said Collyne and his ayris his ... . 
assingnaris to his takys .... of ony landis and specially of the ten merkland of 
Wester Morinche^ now occupyit be the said Alexander and his subtennendis and 
allse hes nominat the said Collyne and .... his ayris .... his executours and 
intromittours witht all .... his gudis mowible and immowible that he happinnis 
to hef the tyme of his decess, and that in cace he hef nay barnis lewand at that tyme 

^ These all belong to the Dougall Ciar Family, to be considered later. 

« " Ceann Cinnidh "— " Head of the Tribe." 

' Descendants of Duncan Beg (see Obituary 1477) settled at Moreninch at the south-west end 
of Loch Tay. Moreninch was the property of Menzies of Menzies of Weem at that time and till 
about i6cx) when it was bought by Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy. 

^ Allusion is made to this Alexander twenty years later as son of Patrick, son of Duncan ; he was 
probably nephew of the two brothers, Duncan MacGregor in Moreynche and John Dow, son of 
Duncan, mentioned in entry October 1531. 



i55i] Duncan Ladasach 95 

lauchtiiilly gottyn. . . . For the quhilk the said Collyne and his ayris sail defend 
the forsaid Alexander in all his just actionis .... the authorite my Lord of Argyle 
and thair actionis alanerly excepyt . . . Acta meridiem presentibus ibidem Alex- 
andro Menzies de Rannocht, Joanne M*^Emeweyr et magistro Willelmo Ramsay 
notario publico testibus. loth Julii 1550." 

Notwithstanding this band with Glenurquhay, Alexander M^Patrick 
V^Condoqhuy seems to have acted on his own account in some encounter 
as shown by the following, found in the " Chartulary " : — 

"iSSOj October 31st 'Gregour Dougalsoune' Pledge for 'Alexander Oure 
(dun or sallow) MTatrick McGregor,' and Nicol M^Kintaylzeor for art and part of 
the slaughter of the late John McDonald Bayne. Not appearing fugitated. — Record 
of Justiciary." 

In the preface to the " Black Book of Taymouth," Mr Cosmo Innes 
gives an indictment which shows that Duncan Ladosach resented either 
this slaughter, or Allaster Our's defection to an adopted Chief. 

"On the 26th of November 1551, *The Queen's advocate set forth that Duncan 
Laudes and Gregour his sone recently, namely opoun Sounday the 22nd day of 
November instant at sex houris at even under silence of nycht, be way of hamesukin, 
cam to the hous of Alaster owir, alias M^Gregoure, servand to Coline Campbell of 
Glenurquhay of the lands of Moreis and be force tuke him furth of his said hous, 
and be way of murthure straik him with whingearis and crewellie slew him and 
spulzeit and tuke fra him his purs, and in it the soume of fourty poundis incontinent 
thireftir past to the landis of Killing to the hous of ane pure man callit Johnne 
M^Bayne Pipare, and thair assegit the said hous and brak the durris thairof and be 
force tuke the said Johne furth of the samyn, and straik his heid fra his body and 
crewellie slew him and gaif him divers uther straikis with whingearis in his body.' " 

Duncan Ladosach and his son were afterwards outlawed and put to 
the hom.^ Sir Colin Campbell engaged certain persons to pursue the said 
Duncan ; in this case, as in many others, the Laird of Glenurchy having 
recourse to strangers and not to his own Clan. 

" Band to pursue to the deid Duncane Laudosach. 

" Be it kend till all men, We James Stewart sone to Walter Stewart of Ballin- 
doran, Alexander Dormond and Malcolme Dormond, yonger to hawe gewin our 

^ To put the homy in Scotch Law is to denounce as a rebel ; to outlaw a person for not appear- 
ing in the Court to which he is summoned. This is done by a messenger-at-arms, who proceeds to 
the cross of Edinburgh, and amongst other formalities gives three blasts with a hom^ by which the 
person is understood to be proclaimed rebel to the King for contempt of his authority. — Dr Ogilvie's 
" Imperial Dictionary." 



96 History of the Clan Gregor [1551 

band of manrent to . . . Colline Campbell of Glenurquhay and his ayris ; Duncan 
Campbell sone and apperand air to Archibald Campbell of Glenlioun and his 
airis ... for all the days of our lyvetyme in all actiones . . • and in speciale 
that we sail dispone owrselffis at our haill power wytht our kyn, freyndis and part 
takeris to invade and persew to the deid Duncane Laudosach M^regour, Gregour 
his sone, thair seruandis, part takeris and complices in all bundis and cuntreis 
quhair euer thai sail happyn to mak resydens be reasoun that thai are our deidlie 
enemies and our Souerane Ladeis rebellis. And lykwiss salbe redye ... to serve 
the . . . saidis Colline and Duncane and thair airis upon thair . . . expenssis 
baytht in the Heland and Lawland aganes all maner of . . . persones, the Quenis 
Grace hir authorite, the Earl of Menteytht and the Lord Drummond, allanerlie 
exceptit. In witness of the quhilk thing because we culd nocht subscrywe our 
selffis we have for us causit the notare onder wrytin subscrywe the saroyn witht our 
handis tuechand the pen, at the He of Loch-Tay the xi day of Marche the zeir of 
God M.V. fifty ane zeir (1551) befoir thir witnesses Allexander Menzies of Rannocht, 
Thomas Graham of Calzemuk, Andro Toscheocht of Monze, Patrick Campbell, 
Johnn Mawire and Andro Quhit notar publicus. 

James Stewart wytht my hand at the pen. 

Alexander Dormond wytht my hand led at the pen. 

I ta est Andreas Quhit notarius publicus.'' 

It is impossible to fathom the reasons which led Sir Colin, the following 
year, to reconcile himself to M*^Gregor. 

" Be it kend to all men — Me Colyne Campbell of Glenurquhay grants me to 
have ressavit Duncane M^Gregour and Gregour his sone into my menteinance in 
all thir just actionis in so far as I may of law, and gude conscience, and atour to 
have forgevine the saidis Duncane and Gregour thair sarvandis complices and part 
takers the zeil of luf and gude conscience moving me to the samyn, all manner of 
actionis and faltis thay ony of them hes committit to me providing alwais that the 
saidis Duncane and Gregour fulfill thair band and manrent maid to me and my 
airis in all pointis. Forquhilkes grantis me to have given to the saidis Duncane 
and Gregour thair eschitis of all thair gudis movabill and unmovabill, quhilkis I 
purchist at my Lord Govemouris handis, tha beand for the tyme our sourane 
Ladeis rebellis and now ressavit to hir heiness peace and my favouris. In witness 
wherof I hes subscriuit this my letter of meintenance at the He of Lochtay the 
secund day of Maii the year of God Mvc. fifty tua yeris befor thir witnesses 
Alexander Menzies of Rannocht, Patrick Campbell, David Tosheocht, and 
Alexander Maknab, Gregour Clerk ^ and Andro Quhit notar publico. 

CoLYN Campbell of Glenurquhay. 

* Slain by Ewin M'^Duncan V*=Gregor de Roro, Sept. 22, 1552.— Chron. Fort. 



1552] Duncan Ladasach 97 

This letter of maintenance is the more remarkable because, within a 
month afterwards, Sir Colin succeeded (by treachery, it is said) in getting 
both his recently-accepted friends into his power, and slaughtering them. 

The following tradition is told in the "Lairds of Glenlyon"^ as a 
legend, which may possibly explain Glenurcha/s temporary reconciliation 
with Duncan Ladosach : — 

<' MacGregor of Dunan, in Rannoch, had committed great herships on the lands 
of the Campbells in every direction, and particularly on those of Campbell of 
Glenurchay. The latter did all in his power to take him dead or alive; but 
McGregor, notwithstanding, not only eluded his enemy, but continued to commit 
greater depredations. At last Glenurchay offered terms of amity and peace, and 
proposed a conference at the newly-built Castle of Balloch (Taymouth), with a 
certain number of friends on both sides, to settle disputes, and ratify the relations 
of friendship into which the parties were about to enter. Glenurchay did all this 
deceitfully, thinking thus to capture McGregor and his principal followers when o£f 
their guard. McGregor, not suspecting the snare, set off for Balloch at the time 
proposed, accompanied by the number of men agreed upon. On the top of 
Drummond, the hill overlooking the castle and meadows of Taymouth, they 
encountered an old man, who, on bended knees, before a huge, grey stone, 
appeared to be repeating his orisons in a state of great perturbation. Struck 
with a thing so unusual, McGregor, drawing near, discovered the old man was 
repeating the prayers for the dead, with which ever and anon the following sentence 
mixed: *To thee, grey stone, I tell it, but when the black bull's head appears, 
McGregor's sword can hardly save the owner's feted head. Deep the dungeon, 
sharp the axe — and short the shrift.' M*^Gregor saw at once the toils were set for 
him, and that the old man had taken this round-about way of apprising him of the 
vile conspiracy, for fear of the laird, and in consequence of being swom to secrecy. 
He proceeded on his way, however. Glenurchay received him with the most 
cordial appearance of kindness. Dinner was laid for them in the great hall of the 
Castle, each Campbell having a McGregor on his right hand — a circumstance giving 
the latter a very decided advantage in the mel^e which followed. The introduction 
of the black bull's head, and a simultaneous clatter of armed men in an adjoining 
chamber, put the McGregors into an attitude of defence. Snatching the dagger 
stuck in the table before him, which a few moments previous he had used in cutting 
his meat, McGregor held its point within an inch of the heart of Glenurchay, while 

^ The author of this work, Mr Duncan Campbell, supposes throughout that Duncan Ladosach 
was acting as tutor for the young Glenstray Chief, but we do not find any evidence or mention 
of Duncan as tutor. It was Gregor M^Patrick who, in 1528, got the ward of the lands of 
Glenstray. 

N 



98 History of the Clan Gregor [1552 

with the other hand he compressed his throat His men following promptly the 
example of the leader ... the McGregors carried off captive the Baron and some 
of his principal retainers, the armed vassals, at the earnest request of the Baron 
himself, whose life the least attempt on their part to rescue him would endanger, 
offering no resistance. McGregor crossed by the boat at Kenmore, dragged his 
captive to the top of Drummond, and there and then forced Glenurchay to subscribe 
an ample pardon and remission for all past injuries, and a promise of friendship for 
the future." 

The legend is characteristic of the times, but although the writer 
suggests that the hero may have been Duncan Ladosach, it would hardly 
have been possible at his supposed advanced age. 

The " Baronage " gives the following narrative : — 

" Some disputes having occurred between Gregor, eldest son of Duncan, and 
Doncha Dubh a Churic (this is a mistake, it was his father, Colin), ancestor of a 
great family in the neighbourhood, about some marches, a friendly meeting was 
appointed to be held at Killin for adjusting those differences ; but Doncha Dubh 
(Colin) in the meantime having hired no less than eight assassins, they were con- 
cealed in a closet off the room, where the meeting was held ; from which upon a 
certain signal they rushed out upon the too credulous and unguarded Gregor, 
however he made shift to get out of the house, and jumping into a deep pool 
of the water of Lochy which ran close by, he dragged several of the assassins after 
him, but from the number of stabs he had received from their dirks, and the loss of 
blood in swimming, he was so weak when he got to the opposite bank, that the 
ruffians easily finished his life. But not yet satisfied with this cruelty, Gregor's 
horse was sent as a token to his father, and though it is said he dreaded some evil, 
he went, and was also murdered in the venerable looth year of his age. Several 
mournful songs made on this occasion are still preserved. At this time Doncha 
Dubh seized upon the whole estates of this family which with some interruptions, 
his posterity enjoyed ever since." 

Mr MacGregor Stirling in the " Chartulary," supposes this event to 
have taken place in 1559-60 or 61 ; but by the following entry in the 
Obituary of the " Chronical of Fortingal," continued by the curate,^ the date 
of their deaths is shown clearly to have been in the month of June 1552. 

" 1552. Interfectio et decapitio Duncani M*^Gregor et filiorum eius vidilicet 
Gregorii et Malcolmi Roy per Colinum Campbell de Glenwrquhay et per Duncaniim 
Roy Campbell de Glenlyon et Allexandrum Menzheis de Rannoch cum suis com- 

^ The continuation of the Obituary, from October 1542 to 1576, is not printed with the first 
part of the '* Chronicle of Fortingal," but is to be found in the " Black Book of Taymouth." 



Death of Duncan Ladasach, 1552 99 

plicibus, quo die Joannes Gour M^Duncan V^Allexandram Kayr fuit interfectus 
per Alexandrum Menzies de apud in mense Junii vidilicet xvi anno Domini 

ave M.V. Lij. 

The Black Book has a memorandum in regard to this Sir Colin : — 
" He was ane greit justiciar all his time, throcht the quhilk he susteinit thee 
deidlie feid of the Clangregour ane lang space, and besydis that he causit executt 
to the death, mony notable lymnaris, he behetdit the Laird of M^Gregour himself 
at Kenmoir in presence of the Erie of AthoU the justice clerk and sundrie other 
nobillmen." 

It is probable that it was to Duncan Ladosach that the compliment 
of personal decapitation was paid by Sir Colin out of his " zeil of luf.'* 
As will be noticed later, Duncan Ladosach was undoubtedly much feared 
and detested by his enemies, and was turbulent and reckless of shedding 
blood in his quarrels. In that respect he was no worse than his neighbours. 
Not till the publication of the " Black Book of Taymouth " was his career 
looked upon as blamable, and those who enjoyed the venom of the 
scurrilous doggerel about him adopted its views. If Duncan Ladosach 
openly slew, perhaps, several men. Sir Colin, his executioner, compassed 
the death of many more. 

In farther illustration of this dire event, so full of interest to the de- 
scendants of Duncan Ladosach, the following may be related, given by Mr 
MacGregor Stirling as a traditional account gathered from " an aged native 
of Glendochart " ^ : — 

'* Glenurchay, having some disputes with Gregor, son and heir of the aged 
MacGregor, about some marches (it is supposed in reference to the properties 
of Ardchoille Easter and Wester), proposed a friendly conference for adjusting 
these. The parties therefore met at the village of Kincauser, on the river Lochy, 
and in the near neighbourhood of Glenurquhay's seat, Finlarig; when Sir Colin 
caused some armed men, whom he had concealed, to rush suddenly upon Gregor. 
These, having overpowered their single opponent (for he had no attendant), pro- 
ceeded towards his and his father's residence, Ardchoille Wester, and getting 
the old Chief in their power, killed him on the spot. The son was reserved for 
a more publick and mortifying triumph at Kenmore, whither he was dragged all 
wounded and bleeding, and there, in the presence of several noblemen, beheaded." 

This version makes the son survive the father. It seems probable 

^ MS. by Mr MacGregor Stirling. 



loo History of the Clan Gregor 

however, that the earlier tradition may have been the more correct, the 
father being reserved for the solemn execution.^ 

It has been supposed by Mr MacGregor Stirling and others that 
Gregor younger of Ardchoille was identical with Gregor Roy, named 
" Bassen Gheal " (" Red Gregor of the White Palm or Hand "), celebrated 
in a mournful Gaelic song, but this song, which is supposed to have been 
composed by a lady of the Campbell race lamenting the death of her 
beloved Gregor, must apply to Gregor Roy of the Glenstray line, beheaded 
in 1570, whose wife was a Campbell, instead of young Ardchoille. This 
will be shown farther on. 

Gregor XVI., eldest son of Duncan Ladosach, according to the 
"Baronage," married Isabel, daughter of Cameron of Stronhead, and 
left two sons : — 

1. Duncan, who succeeded him, and who, after his father's death, was 
sent to Lochaber, whence he was called Duncan Lochaber or Abarach, as 
afterwards appears. 

2. Patrick, brought up in Athole, and thence known as Parig Adholach 
or Aulich, "of whom the Drummonds, alias MacGregors, of the Bows, 
and many other tribes." 

Daughter, More (probably Mairie, Mary), married to a MacGregor. 

Patrick Adholadh was executed in Edinburgh with Glenstray, February 
1604. He left five sons, frequently mentioned in the Roister of Privy 
Council, ix. — 

Duncan, . . took name of Livingstoun. 



AUester, 


Do. Do. 


Patrick,* 


Do. Do. 


Donald, 


took name of Balfour. 


John, . 


Do. Do. 



1 In the ** Lairds and Lands of Loch Tay Side," by John Christie, published in 1892, it is 
stated that Duncan Ladasoch and his sons, Gregor and Malcolm Roy, were executed at Finlarig, 
This is quite possible, as the place of their deaths is not mentioned in the ''Black Book of 
Taymouth." 

^ Patrick "Beg " and '* Galium Baine,'' another son, slain in skirmish at Leny, 1626; as also 
Donald, son of the above Duncan. 



Chapter X 
Genealogical 

TAKING a retrospective view of the notices of the Clan during the 
reigns of James IV. and V., and up to the tragic deaths of Duncan 
Ladosach and his son Gregor in 1552, it may be observed that mention is 
repeatedly made in 1503- 1506 of "MacGregor," a style which it is well 
known pertained always to the Chief of a Clan. At this period he ap- 
pears to have lived in the neighbourhood of Balquhidder, and had rights of 
forestry and facilities for the pursuit of deer, which James IV. countenanced. 
It is not possible to affirm with certainty who was at that time the Chief. 
Following the "Baronage" in point of chronology, it may have been 
Malcolm Nr XIV., or possibly his brother, Gregor, his next heir. 

Mr MacGregor Stirling, in one of his MS. papers, gives the following 
note : — 

** Inchcalloun (see entry, ist Sept. 1506, regarding the king having been there) 
was the residence of Gregor Mor, formerly (during his elder brother's Ufetime) 
styled of firackly, and now styled * Makgregour.' 

"Patrick MacGregor died at Auchinchallane, '9th July 1518, and was buried 
in Dysart in Glenurchy (Obituary). This was Gregor Mor^s youngest brother,^ the 
place of whose death shows that Inchcalloun was still in MacGregor's possession. 
Gregor Mor, indeed, had most probably been succeeded by his eldest son at this 
date, 1518." 

The additional note rests, perhaps, on firmer grounds : — 

" Inchcalloun, or Auchinchialloun,' as it was also called, was soon after, along 
with Brackly (in Glenurchy), held by a descendant of a younger son of Gregor Mor, 
as a feu under the Campbells of Glenurquhay, and continued to be held by this line 
till some time after the beginning of the last century.''* 

^ No eyidence is adduced in the " Chartulary " in snpport of this statement. 

^ From the entry in the Obituary, Auchinchall is shown to have been in Glenurchay, therefore 
cannot weU have been identical with Inchcalloun, mentioned in King James IV. 's visit to 
Balquhidder. 

' A very early parchment regarding the lands of Auchinchallane, and papers connected with 



I02 History of the Clan Gregor 

There is, however, reason to believe that Malcolm XIV. of the 
"Baronage" survived till about the year 1525-6. The history of the 
murder of Macintosh in 1524-5, and the help given in the capture of 
the murderers by the deceased's brother-in-law, "Dominus MacGregor,"^ 
as quoted from the " Chartulary," from a private MS. at Moy Hall, may 
connect this date with the said Malcolm, who the " Baronage " states to 
have married the sister of Macintosh. 

Up to this period we find Johnne M^Gregour of Glenstray still called 
by that territorial designation (see an entry as to " Duncan Gromach's 
Guids," in 1527). After his death, 12th April 1528, and already previous 
to that date — /.^., in 1527 — his cousin, and eventual successor, John Mak- 
ewin Makalester, is styled Captain of the Clan Gregour. The circumstances 
which led to the elevation of John Makewin to this important office are 
unknown. The office became hereditary in the family of Glenstray for at 
least six generations. If the representative by right of blood of the eldest 
line, why was he styled Captain } ^ It has been already remarked that 
possibly the line of Gregor Aulin was the eldest, and of that line Gregor 
Mor, his son Duncan Ladasach, and grandson Gregor, were men such 
as the Clan would have been proud to follow. It has already been 
observed, chapter v. p. 48, that Sir John MacGregor Murray believed 
Glenstray, the leader at Glenfruin, to have been the Chief. 

The Campbells of Glenurquhay at this time strongly supported the 
Glenstray family, but that circumstance would not have recommended 
them to the rest of the Claa 

In the Obituary occur these notices : — 

"1518. July 19. Death of Duncan MacGregor, Captain of the Castle of 

Glenurquhay; he was buried in Dysart. 
"1523. August 1 2th. Death of a venerable man, Sir Robert Menzies, Kt. 

He was buried in the church of Weyme. 

the sale of it subsequently to the Campbells has found its way into the hands of a private collector, 
who is understood to be averse to communicating it to this work. 

^ So styled by the Macintosh Historian, probably as a mere recognition of his place of influence 
in the Clan. 

' The Captain in this instance may occasionally have been styled MacGregor, but in the history 
of Highland Clans the actual Chief rarely was styled Captain. 



Tack to John Son of Duncan Macgregor 103 

" 1523. August 12. Death of Sir Colin Campbell Kt, Laird of Glenurquhay, 
at the Castle of Glenurquhay. he was buried in the Chapel of Finlarig. 

"1524. November 9. Death of Neill son of Duncan Macgregor, in Glen- 
urquhay, at the Castle of Glenuraquhay. 

''1529. October 9. Death of an honourable man, Colin Campbell, Earl of 
Argyle, Lord Campbell and Lorn who died at Inverary, and was buried at 
Kilmun." 

The following " Tak " in connection with the keeping of the Castle of 
Glenurquhay is interesting. It occurs in the " Black Book of Taymouth " : — 

" 1550. Tak of Kincrakin and utheris set to Johne M*^Conoquhy V^^Gregour. 
Be it kennd be thir present letteris, me Johne Campbell of Glenurquhay 
to have set and for malis and seruice lattin the keping of my Castell of 
Glenurquhay to my weil belouit seruand Johne M^Conoquhy M^^Gregour^ 
the four merkland of Kincrakin for all the tennis of fyfe yeris to the said 
Johne alanerlie, with the Croft of Polgreyich and the Croft of Portbeg, and 
the Croft that Ewin M*^Ewir wes wont to have, with all the Croftis within 
Kincrakin, the malt Croft exceptit quhilk Patrik M^Keirmoil hes, and the 
Yarde Croft, and the Tumour exceptit, and the said Johne sail gif gress fre 
to the yard Croftis for samany sowme as the said Croft wes wont to have, 
and the auld warde callit the Quosche exceptit in this assedatioun ; the said 
Johne his interes beand at Whitsounday (1550) he pay and thairfor yeirlie 
fourtie aucht boUis gude victuall, the thrid part quhite meale fre fra all 
thingis and dewities, the victuale mett with ane inst. firlott brount with the 
stand of Perth, in the Castell of Glenurquhay in tyme of yeir as us is, and 
to the Lairdis misteris ^ quhen it is requirit be him or his seruandis, with 
his awin trew seruice and keiping of my Castell of Glenurquhay, and he sail 
haif the merkland of Arrecastellan and the merkland of Arrenabeyne, for 
the keiping of the Castell foresaid, fre fra all hosting as us was wont to 
be, except the defence of me and the cuntretht quhen misteris beis ; and 
siclyke for the landis of Kyncrakkyn half stenting and hosting to the Quenis 
grace and Mylord of Argylis quhen mister beis and als requirit ; and that 
he and his seruandis sail ansuer me quhen I have ado ; and the said Johne 
sail hald ane sufficient wetchmen on his awin expensis yeirlye indiu^and his 
takis and I sail pay yeirlie for his fie sex schillingis aucht penneis and meat 
quhen I am in the place, he keipand the tour heid cleyn, and failyiend the 

^ Probably John M^Conoquhay or Duncanson, mentioned in the Records, 1531, with his 
brother, Duncanus, in Moreynch. He appears, however, to have held lands on Loch Fyne. 
(See next page.) 

■ Musters. 



I04 History of the Clan Gregor 

tour held be not cleyn, he sail tyne his fie ; and I sail gif the said Johne 
and his wife and tua honest seruandis of thair awin, or his tua sonis meat 
quhen I am in the place of Glenurquhay, and the wetchman to be their 
boy ; and the said Johne or his wyfe sail find me als oft as I cum to the 
Castel elding ^ to the hale chalmer and kitcheine and bakhous for the first 
nicht and fodder to my chalmer to mak beddis and uther dewities as us is ; 
and I sail giff leif to the said Johne to hald on the Quosche sex new calffit 
kye, on his awin expensis and keip it fra all guidis except my guidis, and 
the guidis specifiet abonewrittin, and gif thair beis ony uther guidis funden 
upoun the samyn, thai salbe escheatit to me fre but ony process of law, 
attoure thje said Johne sail na guidis pasture in the warde fra Sanct Patrikis 
day furtht quhill the Lairdis awin gude will cum to it under the pane foir- 
said and stop not my wedderis fiu Kyncrakkyn and gras thairof, nor yit fi-a 
the grass of Portbeg, nor yit the Portarig Kye quhen thay may not be on 
the Quosche, and the said Johne sail have leiif to sett foure nettis within 
the Dowloch and not farder, that is to say thrie small nettis and ane greit 
nett ; and attoure the Mylne of Kencrakyn sett to the said Johne for the 
space of the yeiris above writtin, he payand yeirlie for it, fouretene bollis 
gude meale, of that the tane halfe quhite meile weill schittit and tua dassoun 
of pultrie, and gif the Laird bringis ony malt of his awin furth of utheris 
cunthreis it sail be grundin multer fre be the said Johne, and the said Johne 
sail laif sawin in the best gudet land of Kyncrakkan fourtie aucht bollis 
sufficient eattis mett with the firlott abone writtin and failyeand thairof with 
ane uther firlott of the samyn stand foirsaid ; and attoure the said Johne 
M^Conochie V^Gregour for the getting of the tak abone expremit, hes givin 
me my airis or assignanaris ane baimis part of geir of all his kye and hors 
efter his deceis that may pertene to him be ony maner of way and siclyke 
the said Johne M^Conochie V^Gregour hes givin ouir in my handis ^ the 
markland of Drimleyart, the half markland of Glenkinglas, and the half 
markland of Corrcoran with the He of the samyn, and with the consent of 
Gregour his sone hes renuncit all rychtis that the said Johne and Gregour 
his sone micht haiff into the saidis landis but ony reuocatioun, and mair- 
ower the yaird set to Johne M^^Conochie with the Croft of the samyn for 
fyve yeiris, he haldand ane sufficient gardner upon his awin expensis to 
amend and graith baith the yairdis and plant treis in the new yaird of 
Portbeg, and big ane sufficient dyk about ilkane of the saidis yairdis, and 
the said Johne sail saw quhite kaill seid, reid kaill and unzeoun seid, I send- 

* Fuel, especially peats. 

' It is to be observed that John Duncanson MacGregor held previously the half merklands of 
Drimleyart, Glenkinglas, and Corrcoran, with the Isle of the same, which lands, with consent of 
his son Gregor, he renounced. 



Chartulary 1544 to 1547 105 

ing him seid in dew tyme of yeir, and he sail find himself to the yairdis sege 
and heyntoungis, and he sail give yeirlie to me or my deputis the iast tua 
partis of the proffittis of the yairdis under ane aith, and the thrid part to 
himself for his trauell and labouris of the saidis yairdis : and attoure my 
stabill, peithous, kyill and bame exceptit out of his takis and assedatioun 
fra the said Johne M*^Connochie, hot I to us the samyn to my behiuflf as I 
think expedient, quhilkis housis lyis to Portbeg and I have subscriuit this 
present assedationn with my hand at the Castell of Glenurquhay the xvii 
day of May (1550) befor thir witness. Alexander Menzies of Rannoch. 
Johne M^Nab of fiowane, Johne Reddoch, Johne M^Donichie Roy M^^Allan, 
Johne Tailyour Moir alias M^^Nachtane, Johne M^^Illespy M^Phatrik officer 
and Johne Clerk Messinger with uther diueress. 
" 1544. 17th April. Item the xvij day of Aprile gevin to M^Farlane efter the 
siege of Glasgow in xxx crowns of the sone. Item the samyn day to 
M*^Gregor in xx crowns of the sone. (Lord High Treasurers Books Minority 
of Queen Mary and Regency of the Earl of Arran.) 

" Note The Earl of Glencaim having joined the Earl of Lennox in a 
rebellion against the Government under the Earl of Arran was besieged in 
Glasgow from whence he made a sally on the besiegers and was defeated by 
them and forced to fly : the Action being known as the Battle of Glasgow 
Moor, 1 6th March 1543-4, when the town was recovered by Arran. the Siege 
according to Pitscottie had lasted firom the 8th.'' 

Shortly after the death of the English Sovereign Henry VIII. in 1546, 
an attempt was made on the part of the English to compel a marriage 
between the young King Edward VI. and our Queen Mary, an alliance 
which was resisted by the patriotic party in Scotland, because of the policy 
pursued by the English Kings, of trying to subjugate Scotland. The 
Duke of Somerset led an army over the Border in August 1 547, to attain 
the object desired by force of arms. The Earl of Arran in this moment of 
peril 

"Sent the Fiery Cross throughout the country — a warlike symbol of Celtic 
origin, constructed of two slender rods of hazel formed into the shape of a cross, 
the extremities seared in the fire and extinguished when red and blazing, in the 
blood of a goat slain for the occasion. From this slight description it is evident 
that the custom may be traced back to Pagan times and it is certain, that through- 
out the highland districts of the country, it's summons wherever it was carried was 
regarded with awe, and obeyed without hesitation. Previous to this we do not hear 
of it's being adopted in the lowlands ; but on the present emergency, being fastened 
to the point of a spear, it was transmitted by the heralds and poursuivants through- 

O 



io6 History of the Clan Gregor 

out every part of the realm ; from town to town, from village to village, from hamlet 
to hamlet, the ensanguined symbol iSew with astonishing rapidity, and such was it's 
effect, that in a wonderfully short space of time an army of thirty-six thousand men 
assembled near Musselborough."^ 

But through the fortunes of war this gallant army sustained a severe 
defeat in the battle of Pinkie, lOth September 1 547, followed by the return 
of the English Protector to England soon afterwards, to attend to matters 
nearer home, and eventually in August 1 548 the young Queen Mary, then 
in her sixth year, was conveyed to the Court of France, and affianced to 
the Dauphin, afterwards Francis II. of France. Reinforcements having 
been sent from France and the invaders repulsed, peace with England was 
at last concluded in April 1550.^ 

The " Chartulary " has the following extract : — 

" 1547. September loth. Order of the Scottish Army at the Battle of Pinkie 
' To witt the £rll of Angus in the vanguard withe ten thousand mene in guid 
ordour. The Erll of Huntlie in the rereward witht tuell thousand men of 
the north pairts of Scotland. The govemour himself in the greyt staill oist 
and withe him all the haill gentilmene of Louthien, Fyf, Angus, Strathem, 
Stirlingschyr, and the haill borrowis of Scotland to the number of tuentie 
thowsand mene and upon the richt hand and wing the Erll of Argyll and all 
the wast hilandmene of Scotland and on the left hand Maklain and Mak- 
riggouT with all the lUsmene of Scotland.' M.S. of Pitscottie's Chronicles in 
the Library of Innerpaffray of date 23. April -30. July 1600. folio 123, a b.* 

Mr MacGregor Stirling has the following remarks in the "Char- 
tulary":— 

"'In connection with the military history of M^Gregom** in 1544 and 1547. it 
is impossible to overlook the circumstance that whatever * Slogan ' was used by the 
Glenstrays during the long period of their Captaincy, originally elective, and 
ultimately by prescription hereditary (for it lasted from 1552 down to the death 
of Kilmannan about 1706) the more accepted Slogan of ClanGregor is derived 
from the estate or *roume' of M^Gregoure *Ardchoill.' That the Glenstrays used 
a different Slogan is presumable from the very nature of the case. Nor does it 
seem irrelevant to mention that James Pont a Herald contemporary with the 

^ Tytler*s History of Scotland— Reign of Queen Mary. 
« Taken from tdid. 

' In the printed copy, date 1728, the account is much the same, only mentioning— << On the 
left Macleod, MacGregor and the Islesmen." 



The Slogan of Ardchoill 107 

Captaincy of the Glenstrays, and whose Manuscript preserved in the Lyon Office 
of Scotland is dated 1600, gives the armorial Bearing of MacGregor without 
supporters and states the motto as being ' Bad Giubhas ' which is being interpreted 
' Clump of Firs/ ^ In the atchievement of * MacGregoure ' from the Lislebourg M.S. 
in the British Museum date 1589 * there is no motto ; a circumstance leading to the 
inference, that the Slogan of Ardchoill had been first used in 1544 for the obvious 
reason already stated that there had been previously no established Slogan ; and 
that the Slogan alluding to the Clump of Firs had been substituted by those who 
did not chuse to adopt the other. It is further remarkable that the Arms of 
M^regor of Stucknary, the penult representative of the Elective Captains of the 
Glenstray line, as exhibited on his tombstone in the Island of Inch Caileoch in 
Loch Lomond, want supporters; a presumption amongst many others that the 
Glenstrays did not affect to possess the right of Blood as Representative of 
M^regoure of Old." 

An unfinished MS., by the same writer, may also here be quoted : — 

" Duncan Ladosach was during the lifetime of his father or elder brother, styled 
of Ardchoille a small estate in Glendochart which he had obtained fi'om a near 
kinsman of another Clan * for military service, and which, from being M^^Gregor's 
seat during two armed expeditions and the earliest which the Clan made in defence 
of the Crown, under Duncan's son and heir, became it's war cry, and is still a 
scroll in MacGregor's Armorial Bearing. As the Gregorian Race had now by the 
severity of the Stewart Dynasty on the one hand, and by it's bounty to the other 
families on the other, become in comparison of their former state, landless; so 
although the Lineal Chief of a Family that existed towards seven centuries, and 
was originally royal, must have been tacitly acknowledged, yet from the absence of 
the grand link of Superior and vassal on Land property, subordination to the Chief 
had been much relaxed. We shall in the sequel find that the conscious tie of 
blood had overcome generally the policy of quiet setUement among strangers ; that 
the ClanGregor had in a turbulent state of society preferred a predatory warfare 
under an elective Captain, to the obscure industry prescribed by a government, 
unjust in the first instance and tyranical in the second. We shall find that Clan- 
Gregor's subsequent efforts to defend the Crown at the expense of it's best blood, 
were but inadequately rewarded and that when the person possessed of the largest 
portion of it's Chief's ancient territory, had by the slaughter of Ardchoille Elder 
and by the publick decapitation of Ardchoille younger, and by the dispersion of 
the sons of the latter (which deprived the Clan of a lineal Chief), it rallied under a 

^ See Note, page 47. 

^ See pages 16 and 17. In the Harleyan Collection, under the title, the word Lyslebourg is 
written, for which reason Mr MacGregor Stirling thus quotes it. 
' CampbeU of Straquhir. See page 30. 



io8 History of the Clan Gregor 

Captain who by his armed excursions for the recovery of the ancient territory 
(which by a plausible fiction was held to be the right of the Chief whether by blood 
or election) drew down upon his followers the utmost vengeance of a government 
trembling for ifs own existence. He was himself put death in the cause and 
became the first of a line of hereditary Captains under whom the Clan (now most 
unruly it must be owned) experienced from the Gk)vemment the greatest severitiesi 
in an attempt to root out the names Gregour and M^Gregour, and to abolish them 
in all time coming under pain of death. We shall have occasion to witness a 
general though fruitless revolt of the now nameless Clan for the purpose of bursting 
the bands of their political death, and those bands which the 'Secreit Council ' had 
imposed, rivetted by the Act of Parliament. The next important scene will display 
the nameless Clan stepping forth in defence of that Throne, whence had emanated 
the decree for annihilating it, and which was now menaced with annihilation, the 
Clan earning a reward, (which on the re-establishment of the Throne, it actually 
received), in the repeal of the obnoxious decrees." ^ 

From the " Red and White Book of Menzies " : — 

" Letter by Mary of Guise Queen Regent of Scotland exempting Alexander 
Menzeis of that Ilk from finding caution for MacGregors his tenants in Rannoch 
for seven years — 

" 1559. Feb. 7. Regina. We understanding that it is not within the power of 
Alexander Menzies of that Ilk to ansuer for the gud reule of the Clan- 
Gregoure inhabitantis of the Rannoch and that our chozing the Erie of 
Ergyle and Coline Campbell of Glenurquhay hes the seruice of that clann 
and that thai will do thare deligens to caus gud reule kepit'be the said 
clann and for dieuers other resonable causis and considerationis moving vs, 
grantis an gevis licence to the said Alexander to set in tak and assedatioun 
all and haill his tuentie pund land of Rannock Hand within the sherefdome 
of Perth, to the auld tenentis and inhabitantis thairof of the ClanGregour 
for the space of seven yeris ; and will and grantis that he nor his airis sail 
nocht be haldyn to our derrest dochter, nor us, to ansuer for thair gud reule 
during the said sevin yeris, nor to enter them to our lawes, our justice airis 
nor justice courtis for thair dementis, notwithstanding the general band 
maid be the lordis and landit men of the said S- our said derrest dochter 
and us thereupon &a. Marie R. (Menzies Charter Room)." 

This was a kind and gracious concession, and might have conduced to 
peace under more favourable circumstances. 

^ MS. Sketch of History of the Clan, by Mr MacGregor Stirling. 



Chapter XI 

NOTICES of some of the other branches of the Clan have now to be 
given, as they henceforward become more prominent in the general 
history. 

The family of Grierson of Lag, following the account given in the 
" Baronage," trace their descent from Malcolm (XI.) the Lame Lord (see 
page 20). It is supposed that they branched off the end of the 14th 
century, and probably before the death of Ian Cam, who died in 1390. 
Their immediate ancestor Gilbert, Laird of Ard and Lag, took the name 
of Grierson in accordance with charters from George Dunbar, Earl of 
March, of the Netherholme of Dalgarnoch, to him and his heirs male, to 
be called by the surname of Grierson, before 1400 ; and another charter, 
dated at Dunbar 1400, of the lands of Airdes &a lying in the barony of 
Tyberis and shire of Dumfries, to the said Gilbert for his many good deeds 
done to the said Earl. The lands of Lag were conveyed by his cousin 
Henry Sinclair, 2nd Earl of Orkney, by charter dated 6th December 1408. 
Confirmation of lands of Garryhorn and Sandokhill dated 17th May 1410. 
Charter from Archibald Earl of Douglas to Gilbert Grierson his armour- 
bearer of the lands of Drumjoan, confirmed by his Relict the Princess 
Margaret, Duchess of Touraine, dated 9th April 1425. Lag Castle was 
built circa 1460.^ It is averred that there is no legal proof connecting the 
Gilbert Grierson of the Charters with MacGregor ancestry.* Granting that 
the required link is missing, yet most Highlanders will accept the tradition. 

MacGregor of Ardinconnell was one of the oldest offshoots of the Clan, 
and this branch must be noticed as most involved in subsequent disputes 
with Colquhoun of Luss. Its earliest recorded existence was in 1429, as in 
a deed of Resignation by John MacRoger of " Gleane Mackeme (Mackum) 

^ Genealogical Table of Grierson of Lag— printed for private circulation. 

* On this ground the Griersons are not admitted as Members of the ClanGr^;or Society. 



no History of the Clan Gregor 

in favour of John Colquhoun of Luss, dated 7th February 1429. One of the 
witnesses is Johanne MacGregor Dominus de Ardinconwell." — " Chiefs of 
Colquhoun," by William Fraser, 1869, vol ii. page 28. 
Returning to the " Chartulary " : — 

" 1479. Oct. 27. Before the lords compeired Umphra Colquhoun of that ilk, 
Patrik Noble, Patrik M^Gregour and Johnne of Douglas, and protested 
that because Christian Lady Grahame 'gert sumond theme that therefore 
they should be assoilzied &a &a.' — Acta Dominorum Concilii vol. i. folio 58 
in Register House. 

" 1483. June 20. Before the Lords Auditors compeired Robert Flemyng for 
himself and as procurator for Vmphra Culquhon, Alex ; Ardincapil brief of 
inquest purchased by Robert Flemyng foresaid upon two merks worth of 
land of bannory and protested that Umfra Colquhon of Luss, gert summonde 
them at his instance for certain actions, contained in the summonds and 
would not follow them. &a.*' — Acto Dominorum Auditorum, p. 179. 

About 1502, Sir John Colquhoun of Luss, who had lately acquired 
Porterfield's Lands, vide page 40, purchased from Patrick MacGregor of 
Ardinconnell the " Middle third of Ardinconnell " Original Charter, dated 
February 20th, 1501, and original Instrument of Sasine, dated April 1501, 
at Rossdhu. Chiefs of the Colquhouns, Patrick MacGregor of Ardin- 
connell, was afterwards tenant of Sir John Colquhoun, and the following 
bond in which Patrick calls him his " darast Master " is curious. 

" Discharge and Obligation by Patrick MacGregor of Ardyncnwall to Sir John 
Colquhoun of Luss Knicht for forty merks of the duties of the said lands. 

"1513. May 3. Be it kende tyll all men be thir present lettres me, Patriek 
MacGregar of Ardynconwall, to be bwndyn andoblest and be the faytht and 
the trewtht in my body, letely and trewly bindis and oblesis me tyll ane 
nobyll man and my darast master, and Schir Johne of Luss, KnycHt, in the 
sovme of forty markis of gud and vsual mony of the Kynrik of Scotland. 
* for the runnyne maillis, fermes, and wderis dewuytis of the lands of Ardin- 
convall, with part of lent mony of the foirsaid forty markis to me be the said 
Schir Jhone Culquhone, in my mester and neidej off the quhilkis forty 
markis I halde me weyll content and payt ; ande attowr, I the said Patrik 
byndis and oblesis me my executouris and assingnays, for tyll pay the said 
sovme of forty markis, at twa termys, next and immadiat efter the dayt of 
this vrit, viz at Lammes next to cum xx markis, and at Mertymes next there- 
efter vder xx markis be equayll porcionyss lelely and trewly but fraude or 
gyill onder the payne of dowbelling of the forsaid sovm, all remeid of law, 



MacGregor of Ardinconnal 1 527 to 1 544 1 1 1 

civyll or canone, in the contrare to be maid or ellegit. In vitnes of the 
theng, I haf set to my seill to thir present lettris, and subscibit the samyne 
witht my hand, at Rosdw, the third day of Maij, in the zeir of God M.V. 
and thratenys zeris, befoir thir vetnes, Master James Culquhone Vicar of 
Dunlope, Robart Culquhone, son and aperand ayr to Robart Culquhone of 
Camstrodane, James Akynros, Wmfra Lang and Schir George Fallusdayll, 
chapyliane, witht overis byueryss (divers) vitht Patrik MacGregar his sone. 
" * Patik M^^Gregar of Ardynconvall. manu propria,' " ^ 

From the " Chartulary " :— 

"1527. Notice of a raid by Patrik McGregors Elder and Younger of Lagris 
upon the lands of Strone, in the barony of Luss. 

"1527. September 2. Mention is made in the Record of an Action at the 
instance of Andrew Lord Auvandale, who had obtained a gift of the ward 
of the Earldom of Lennox against the Colquhouns &a and among them 
Patrick Malcom, and Patrick MacGregor. (Acta Dominorum Concilii 
xxxvii, M.S. 2369.) These were probably of the Ardinconnell family. 

"1527. Nov. Patrick MacGregor younger of Ardinconnal had letters of 
reversion of 8 merkland of Ardinconnal from Sir John Colquhoun of 
Luss Kt and at the same time, the ward of these lands was given by 
Andrew (3) lord Evandale to Walter Colquhoun brother of the said John. 
— Records of the Burgh of Dumbarton. 

" 1541. Patrik MacGregor of Lagris was pursewed by John Colquhoun of 
Luss oye and successor to Sir John Colquhoun of Luss in the 28th year of 
King James V (1541) for 8 oxen, price of each 3 lib, and of 12 'grete 
mylk ky ' price of each . . . ' thiftuilie stowin and cancelit fra the lands of 
Strone in Glenfruiune 1527 and for the yeirlie profits thereof since that 
time at 6 firlotts of oatmeal, at 12s per boll, for each ox and 13s 4p. for 
each cow yeirlie.' His father Patrik M^Gr^or also had shared in the raid, 
and in 1531 found Walter M*^Ferland his son suretie for the damages, at the 
Justice Assize of Dumbarton. 

"1544. Dec. 21. 'The 4 merkland of Laggarie, belonging in property to 
Patrick M^Gregour, and holding of the Earl of Lennox, and the 8 merkland 
of Ardinconnal,' are thus specified in a charter by Queen Mary 27. July 
1545, being one of appreciation of the Earl's estate for the damage done 
in his late rebellion to James Stewart of Cardonald 4, Jan. 1543-4. 
Mag: Sig: xxxx 22. By the Laird of Ardinconnal is meant obviously 
the person to whom it was mortgaged by M'^Gregour of Laggary, formerly 
of Ardinconnal 

^ "Chiefs of Colquhoun," vol. ii., page 324. 



\ 



\ 



112 History of the Clan Gregor 

" 1544. Dec. 21. John Colquhoim of Luss complains that * Dancane M*^Farlane 
of Arrochar Andrew M^Ferlane, Robert M*^ferlane and Duncane M^erlane 
his fader bray' viz., Campbell of (Strachur) James Stewart sone to Walter 
Stewart in Buchquhidder and certain uthir grete thevis, lymaris, robaris, 
qrooun (common) somaris upoun the liecis, throtcuttaris, murtharis slaaris 
of men's wiffis and bamis and y' complices to ye novmer of vj (7 score ?) 
men w' ye maire come to ye said John's lands and place of Rossdew and 
lands and barony of Luss and yare crellie slew and murdrest nyne of his pure 
tennents in y' beddes ans hereit his hale cuntrie baith his self and his pure 
men alswele of all insy gude w' in houss as of nolt and schap and vyir 
(other) bestiale laitlie in ye monet of December instand dailie (ar) perse- 
waries in plain reif and soming vpoun ye pure liege of ye realme, and ar 
gaderand to yaim (them) ma thevis and lymmares, tending to hery ye haill 
cuntre to Glasgow and Striveling and yai be not resisted in yis temptioun 
(contemptioun) of ye: authrite and lawis giff salbe.' Whereupon the 
Sheriffs of Argyle Dunbarton Renfrew and Stirling are charged to summon 
all the lieges within their bounds ' to ryss and cum togidder for resisting of 
the saidis thievis and revaris to sik ptis (parties) as yai sal happin to cum 
uponn and yai tak plane pairt w' ye said Johnne or ony uyer gentilmen yat 
rysis for resisting of ye saidis theves and lymaris and tak and apprehend 
yame and bring yame to ye Justice to be punist for yr dementis qform 
(conform) to ye lawis. And giff ony of yame beis slane or hurt in ye taking 
or resisting of yame to cum upoun o (our) privelege yat na cryme salbe 
impuitt to yame y'throw.'" — Luss Papers quoted in the " Chartulary." 

The following passage is from " The Chiefs of Colquhoun "^ : — 

" The first trace of that enmity between the MacGregors and the Colquhouns, 
which at length became so inveterate, to be found in the Luss family writs, occurs 
in a document dated in the year 1541. So far back as the year 1527, one of the 
Macgregor dan, Patrick Macgregor of Laggarie, had despoiled the father of the 
then Laird of Luss of a considerable number of oxen and cows. To obtain redress 
for this theft committed on his father's property, John Colquhoun of Luss sum- 
moned him on 27 Dec. 1540, to appear before the Lords of the Privy Council, 
to hear their decreet, ordaining him, in terms of the summons, to restore to the 
pursuer eight oxen and twelve milk cows, or the price of them with the profits of 
the same since the year 1527, when he had stolen them from the lands of Strone, 
in Glenfruin. And on 30th May 1541, Patrick Macgregor of Laggarie was at the 
instance of John Colquhoun of Luss inhibited from selling any of his lands or 
heritages until he had satisfied John for the spoil which he had reft from him. 

^ Vol. I., page iio-iii. 



Feud between MacGregors and Colquhouns 1 1 3 

These proceedings we may not be entitled to consider as evidence of the existence 
of a formed feud between the MacGregors and the Colquhouns; but they are 
symptomatic of growing bad feelings between them, and they explain some of 
the causes which contributed to produce and to intensify the hatred which after- 
wards proved so disastrous to both." 

MacGregor of Roro, a very ancient house, from whence sprang also 
Leragan, Dunan, Balhaldies, &a., falls to be taken next 

The first authentic notices are to be found in the " Obituary of For- 
tingal,"^ 1477. Death of Duncan Beg MacGregor at Roro. There must 
have been another previous Duncan, probably his father, because there is 
a notice in 149 1 of the death of John Duncanson, Later, in 1503, Gregor 
Duncanbegsan dies at Morinch and Gregor Duncanson, in 15 15, at Roro. 

The " Baronage " and the Roro traditions state that the founder of the 
family was Gregor, fourth son of Gregor Aulin, who is believed to be 
identical with Gregor M^Ane Cham, whose death is recorded in the 
Obituary in 1415. Another generation is required between Gregor Aulin 
and Gregor who died at Roro in 1515, and it is clear that the name of the 
father of the latter was Duncan. It seems, therefore, most probable that 
the first of the Roro House was grandson of Gregor Aulin instead of his 
son. 

The following is from a MS. Memoir formerly in the possession of the 
late Colonel Hugh MacGregor of the 63rd Regiment, himself a descendant 
of the Leragan Family, and thus from Roro. Several copies of this 
Memoir are extant, and it is probable that it embodied all the oral tradi- 
tion that Colonel Hugh could collect ; — 

*' I. Gregor MacGregor 4th son (more probably Grandson) of Gregor Aulin, and 
(more probably Great) Grandson of MacGregor of Glenurchy, got possession of 
Roro (Ruaraidh) in Glenlyon, from his father, about the year 1390. which property 
remained in the possession of his family by right of occupancy, feu, or wadset, 
imtil the ist of April 1760. Gregor was married to his cousin, by whom he had 
eleven sons and several daughters, he was succeeded by his eldest son. 

"II. John MacGregor who fought the M*^Kays in Glenlyon with such personal 
courage and success as acquired him the proud distinction of ' Ian dubh-nan-Lann ' 
' Black John of the spears.' ^ He and the Laird of Garth afterwards fought the 

1 Chapter VI. pages 56, 57. 

' Allusion is made to this ''John of the Spears," "Chief of Glenlyon of the Blades," in an 
early poem by Dougal MacGille glas in the Lismore collection. — See Chapter VII. page 71. 

P 



114 History of the Clan Gregor 

powerful Chief of the M^Ivers at Laggan-a-Chatha, and having obtained a complete 
victory, they shared their lands between them, by which John was enabled to take 
possession of Camban Castle,^ where he resided for many years. He married 
Margaret, daughter to Luke Stirling of Keir and widow of Campbell of Glenurchy, 
by whom he had six sons, and a daughter, but all of these having died before 
himself he left the greater part of his lands to a son of his wife by her former 
Husband. The remaining part he left to his brother Duncan with the superiority 
of the whole, by which he was enabled to raise the men of Glenlyon, in time of 
war, by a tune of the bagpipe, a privil^e, which in those days was considered a 
greater honour, than the possession of lands. He died aged ninety nine years." 

Mention is made in the book of the " Stirlings of Keir " that Lukas of 
Strevelyn, the first acquirer of Keir, who died in 1452, had one daughter, 
Margaret, married to Sir Colin Campbell, but nothing is said of a second 
marriage. 

Here follows from Colonel Hugh MacGregor*s narrative the tradi- 
tional account of how lan-dubh-nan-Lann disposed of his lands to his 
step-son : — 

" Ian Dubh was proprietor of the whole north side of Glenlyon, as well as of 
Roro, and resided much in the vicinity of the Kirkton of Fortingall, where the 
ruins of Baile-mor mhic-Gregair, is still pointed out on the east side of the Bum 
called Aldour below the publick road. 

** He is said to have had six sons and a stepson, whose name was Campbell. 
It seems that while he meditated on getting his right to the lands which he 
possessed confirmed by a Charter, he had employed his stepson who was con- 
siderably older than any of his own sons to get it executed for him. It was 
no easy matter in those days. Before setting out upon his important emjbassy 
Campbell obtained his stepfather's permission to insert his own name in the 
Deed, as next heir, failing that of MacGregor. John calculating on the 
improbability of all his six sons dying without heirs, unhesitatingly gave 
Campbell his fiiU consent to insert his own name as required. Owing to 
what fatality is not known the said John and his sons died without heirs. 
The last of the sons while hunting in the Braes of Glenlyon was overnight 
at a hunting seat called Lub-Sheas-Gamich, where he lay upon a bed of rushes 
covered with his plaid, and it is said that whilst turning over upon his bed, 
a stump of rushes penetrated into his stomach, and killed him on the spot. In 

^ The castle of that name was not, however, built and so called till long afterwards. —£^. 



MacGregor of Roro 1 1 5 

consequence of which his maternal Brother Campbell succeeded to the whole north 
side of Glenlyon which his family have enjoyed ever since." * 

A very picturesque account of the same tradition is given in "The 
Lairds of Glenlyon." The writer gives the date as the end of the reign of 
David Bruce, and in regard to Ian dubh's marriage says : — 

''From some domestic feud in the family of the Knight of Loch Awe his 
widowed daughter-in-law and her infant son, were forced to abandon their native 
Halls, and flee for refuge to Glenlyon. Black John^ married the widow, and by 
her had a family of seven sons. The young Campbell his 'dalta' was carefully 
nurtured." 

A tale is next told of a victory over the Chisholm who had made a 
raid into Glenlyon, and a relation of the circumstances under which the 
"dalta" succeeded to the lands, which agrees with the foregoing, continuing 
afterwards — 

** The name of the first laird of the family of Campbell was Archibald. We have 
reason to believe he was not John Dubh's dalta, but the dalta's heir He lived 
during the first part of the i6th century. He was a wise man and fully conciliated 
the people to whose rule he had succeeded. The M*^Gregors of Roro, who appear 
in some way to have been closely connected with the family of Ian Dubh did not 
dispute his rights, they received him as the heir of the Chieftain, a kindness after- 
wards well repaid by the Campbells of Glenlyon." 

Colonel Hugh's Memoir continued : — 

"III. Duncan MacGregor of Roro, likewise styled Baron of Glenduibhe now 
Glenlyon, Brother of lan-dubh-nan-Lann ' He married Elisabeth daughter to the 
Laird of M^Naughton of Dun-da-ramh, by whom he had seven sons all of whom 
were married and had children, and several daughters." 

Another traditional account appears among Sir John MacGregor 
Murray's papers, which at all events gives an interesting view of the 
adventures of the time. 

"Traditional notes taken down 15. October 18 14. from the recital of John 
MacGr^or from Ruadhsruthmore : — 

1 Till 1806, when by the death of the last laird the properly devolved on his great-nephew 
Francis Gordon of Troup. 

* In another part of the work Mr Campbell assumes this Ian dubh to have been identical with 
a John of Lorn, a M'Dougall, and disputes his having been a MacGregor. His identity seems 
scarcely susceptible of proof. 



ii6 History of the Clan Gregor 

"The first 1 person of the name of MacGregor who settled in Ruora was John 
the Tanister, or second son of MacGregor of Breachdsliabh who was a very hand- 
some man. A daughter of MacNaughtan of Strath Tay fell in love with him. 

" Macnaughtan is said to have possessed at a remote period the tract of country 
between the Cross of MacDufif near Perth and Tigh an Druim, excepting some 
properties which held of him, of which that of MacNab of MacNab is said to have 
been one. 

"MacNaughtan had seven Farms in Glenlyon which he used as grazings in 
summer. When the young lady declared her partiality for John MacGregor he 
told her that he had not the means of supporting a Family as he was not his 
father's eldest son. In consequence of this remark the Lady proposed that they 
should take possession of the said lands in Glenlyon which her father used for 
rearing cattle. They were privately married and proceeded to Glenlyon and 
settled at Ruarumore one of the said farms. MacNaughtan was highly offended 
and vowed that he would put his son-in-law to death. • 

"In the mean time Robert the Bruce came to that country and in conse- 
quence of the Battle of Dalrigh MacNaughtan and MacNab lost their Lands. 
MacNaughtan took refuge at Dundrave near Inverary where he built a place of 
strength. After the lapse of some years he determined to fulfil his vow against his 
son-in-law. 

" In the interim the son-in-law conciliated the Inhabitants of Glenlyon and its 
vicinity by his bravery and heading them occasionally in resisting the depredations 
of various tribes who wished to plunder the country. 

" MacNaughtan having asembled threescore chosen men set out on his enter- 
prise to put his son-in-law to death. Some of his party who secretly disapproved 
of this intention, sent notice of it to MacGregor of Breacdsliabh in Glenurchay, 
who apprised his son of the circumstance stating the route the MacNaughtans were 
to take. On receipt of this intelligence Ruara told some of his friends and neigh- 
bours what was in agitation, and proposed to abscond till the danger was over. 
The inhabitants answered that they owed him many a day for the manly protection 
that he had afforded them by his prowess and guidance, that he must not abscond 
but allow them to select threescore men to meet MacNaughtan man to man. This 
advice was adopted and MacGregor with his party set off to Innermheiran at the 
west end of Glenlyon, where he put his men in ambush at the east side of a rising 
ground, and went forward himself very much against the inclination of his followers, 
but he assured them that neither MacNaughtan nor any of his followers could know 
him as none of them had ever seen him. He had not proceeded fiar when he met 
the advance of MacNaughtan's party, with whom he entered inti conversation in 
the course of which they told him that none of them had ever been in that country 

^ This does not agree with Colonel Hugh's tradition, as he makes the third of the Ruora lairds 
the husband of a MacNaughton lady. 



MacGregor of Roro 1 1 7 

before. He observed that they appeared like a party bent upon some hostile 
expedition, and added that if it were not an improper question he would be glad to 
know to what place they were proceeding. The answer was that as none of them 
had ever been in these parts before, they did not know how far they were going, 
but that they knew the object of the expedition and asked if he was of that country, 
as in that case he might be of great use to them as a guide if he would undertake 
to be so. He replied that he was perfectly acquainted with the country but that 
his undertaking to be their guide would depend upon the nature of the service they 
had in view. They answered that they were accompanying MacNaughtan to put 
to death a person of the name of MacGregor who had run away with his daughter 
and that they were sure that MacNaughtan would give him a handsome reward if 
he would be their guide. John MacGregor acknowledged that he knew the man 
they were in search of; that he was a fierce and formidable man who would not be 
easily overcome, and certainly not without bloodshed but they asserted that if they 
could find him they would accomplish MacNaughtan's object. He then asked 
where MacNaughtan was and was informed that he was coming up on horseback. 
When he came up he was informed that this man (Ruara) was well acquainted with 
the country and knew his son-in-law and he would guide them to him. Upon 
hearing this MacNaughtan promised that if he would guide the party to the place 
where his son-in-law resided he would give him the seven farms possessed by his 
son-in-law. This induced MacGregor to say that he would certainly show them 
the man they were in quest of, but that he would not undertake to seize him. 
MacNaughtan was satisfied and the party proceeded towards the place where 
Ruara's men were posted. MacNaughtan having dismounted marched with the 
guide a little in advance of his party. In their route they came to a broad ditch in 
a swamp called Stair-caillach over which the guide leaped, but MacNaughtan was 
obliged to make a circuit before he could reach the spot where the guide was. 
When the party came up they were astonished at the leap which the guide had 
made. Some of them attempted it but fell short and up to the armpits in mire, 
and so were with difficulty got out and not a man of them could clear the ditch. 
They were imder the necessity therefore of going round, but were pleased with the 
idea, that if they could meet the person they were in search of, the guide was so 
powerful a man that he alone would master him. 

"Whilst the party was separated from MacNaughtan and the guide the latter 
put his hand into that of MacNaughtan, saying ' Now Sir you have by the hand 
the man you seek.' ' What are you the man ? ' said MacNaughtan. ' I am,' was 
the answer. MacNaughtan then called to his people to come for he had seized 
the man they wanted. Ruara upon this said, ' If that is the case Sir I shall make 
sure of you, and my men who are at hand (and started up upon being called by 
MacGregor) wiD match yours and perhaps prevent any of them from returning to 
tell the news ; and at all* rules you shall fkll with me.' MacNaughtan was pleased 



ii8 History of the Clan Gregor 

at finding that his son-in-law was at the head of a body of people, and himself so 
fine a fellow and solemnly promised perpetual friendship saying that their people 
should in future be as one. The parties feasted on the ground which they respec- 
tively occupied without mixing and MacGregor remained in quiet possession 
of Ruara and other farms viz Balnacraig, Ruadhrashruth-gearr, Balmeanach, 
Balchannait, Ballamtull, Ruadhsruthmore and Inverinan now rented at about 

;f I200. 

"At one period the whole of Glenlyon belonged to Ian dubh nan Lainn, 
There were nine Lairds of the name of MacGregor in that quarter of the country. 
Two battles, were fought. 

"The Clan vie Iver formerly in Glenlyon quarrelled with MacDiarmid, 
Maclver struck MacDiarmid who complained to Stewart of Gart his foster 
brother. MacDiarmid was murdered. 

" IV. Gregor MacGregor of Roro (Duncan's eldest son) succeeded and married 
the daughter of the Laird of Weem, by whom he had issue several sons of whom 
was Patrick who got possession of Dunan in 1480 and Duncan who got Lerigan 
about the same time." ^ 

The Obituary has the following entries, which partly correspond with 
the traditionary generations : — 

" 1477. Feb 117. Death of Duncan Beg MacGregor at Roro. 

" 1491. March 10 : Death of John Duncanson MacGregor at Bellicht 

(Balloch). He was buried in Inchadin in the north side of the Great 

Altar. 
"1493. August 14; Death of Catherine Cardny, daughter of the Laird of 

Foss, and widow of the late John Duncanson MacGregor. She was buried 

in the Church of Dull, before the step of the Great Altar. 
" 1494. July 24 : Death of Terloch Keir* son of Duncan MacGregor he was 

buried at Dysart. 
" 1503. Death of Gregor Duncanbegson at Morinch. 
" 15 10 Nov. 28. Death of Gregor Patrickson at Innerchattan. 
" 1511 Jane 5 Death of Gilbert Duncanson at Roro Vicar of Kilmartin." 

The annexed Table has been drawn out to show the earliest authentic 

^ The Memoir^ of Roro gives as the fifth in line another Gregor, stating that he married a 
daughter of Sir Colin Campbell by Lady Katherine Ruthven, and that he was beheaded on the 
stump of an old tree between Taymouth and Kenmore, but although thb is popularly believed, it 
arises out of a confusion with Gregor nam Bassan Gheal, as will be seen farther on. 

' It is not clear that Terloch Keir's father, Duncan, belonged to Roro. 



MacGregor of Roro 119 



notices of MacGregor of Roro. The two recorded sons of Ian Chani are 
placed at the head, and a third brother, Duncan, is added according to the 
conjecture of Mr MacGregor Stirling. But it may be clearly seen that 
one generation in addition, at least, is required between an ancestor who 
lived about 141 5 and one who died in 15 15, and this is a sufficient reason 
for rejecting the conjecture that Roro descended from a brother of Gregor 
Aulin and of John Dhu. The race were known as the " Slios Dhonche," 
or Tribe of Duncan (whence Mac or Vic Condoquhy corrupted into 
" V^onche"), and a distinction is made in the Obituary between the sons 
of Duncan and the sons of Duncan Beg. It is very difficult to bring the 
traditionary account and the persons therein named to correspond with 
the ascertained facts ; tradition is apt to be imperfect as to dates and to 
skip generations. We may safely conclude that the first named Gregor of 
Roro in family history was Gregor Duncanson who died in 1515, but the 
"Baronage" supposes him to be a son of Gregor Aulin, whereas to match 
the dates he must have been his grandson, if his descendant, or otherwise 
his nephew. There is a difficulty in tracing Ian dhu nan Lann who, the 
traditional account states, was son and successor to Gregor. As this 
account also states that John Dhu was succeeded by his brother Duncan, 
and as it is known from the Obituary that there was a Duncan at the 
time, Father of another generation at Roro, we may suppose that both 
John Dhu nan bann and this Duncan were brothers of Ewin, son of 
Gregor Duncanson who is known to have died at Roro in 1511, and who 
may have been a younger brother of the other two, as it is not stated that 
he was possessor of Roro. 



I20 History of the Clan Gregor 



I 




Principal Families 121 



MacGregor of Balhaldies. 

This family are understood to be descended from the House of Roro. 
Their appellation in Gaelic is " Mac Ian mhallich," or son of John with 
the Bushy Eyebrows, and a traditional account of the origin of this name 
is given in a memoir by Lieutenant Alexander MacGregor, Innerhaddon, 
formerly in the Royal East Middlesex Militia. It is recounted that the 
daughter of a certain MacGregor of Ardeonig on Loch Tay, on the murder 
of her father, by order of one of the Campbell Lairds of Glenurchy, 
became heiress of the property, and that to protect her rights she resolved 
to seek a husband. " With this view she set out for Roro to solicit the 
protection of one of his sons, and the first to whom she had made the 
proposal refused her suit, but she was not to be easily defeated, and 
turned to another half-grown lad, saying that perhaps this * Fear-na-Mail- 
each dubh ' (alluding to his black eyebrows) would take her, to which he 
consented, and to this circumstance his descendants owe the name of 
Malloch." 

The Obituary mentions : — 

"1523 Feb: 9. Death of John Malloch M^Hustone, at TalHcheamin, he 
was buried in Killin." 

From this we gather that the immediate ancestor of the Mallochs was 
named Hugh. 

Farther traces of members of this family will appear later. 



MacGregor of Learagan. 

The following is from a Memoir by Colonel Hugh MacGregor : — 

" I. Duncan Macgregor, younger son of Gregor MacGregor of Roro (No 4) 
commonly called Donnacha dubh Liomhanach, from his having come from Glen- 
lyon, got possession of Learagan, in Rannoch, from a tribe called clann Tavish, 
that resided there about the year 1480. His Estate consisted of eleven merks of 
land, extending from Aldcheardie to the Clachghlas near the east end of Loch 
Rannoch. His brother Alexander went to Rannoch about the same time, and 

Q 



122 History of the Clan Gregor 

after a hard fought battle, with a tribe called Claim- 'il bhuidh (Stewart) defeated 
them and took possession in Dunan. His Estate consisted of the Twelve merks of 
land, by west the river Ericht, the middle division of Slismine, or north side of 
Loch Rannoch having been then, as well for several generationes before the sons 
of Roro came to Rannoch, possessed by the MacGregors of Ardlaraich. The 
descendants of Donnacha-dubh liomhanach, occupied Learagan either as Proprietors 
or as Tenants, from the above mentioned period till 1792 when the present system 
of sheep farming caused their removal. Duncan married a daughter of M^Pherson 
of Noelmore, in Badenoch by whom he had several children and was succeeded 
by his eldest son Malcolm MacGregor called CaUum Glas or the pale faced 
Malcolm." 

DifTerent accounts agree tliat either Duncan or his son Malcolm was 
noted as a good sportsman, and one notice states that the lands were 
obtained from the Earl of AthoU, from satisfaction at MacGregor's activity 
and address and at the swiftness of his dogs at a hunting which took place 
in the Glens of AHioll. 



MacGregor of Dunan. 

Lieutenant MacGregor, Innerhaddon's, Memoirs contain the following 
account of this family : — 

** L Patrick, who first settled in Dunan in Rannoch and was the founder of this 
fiamily, was the son of MacGregor of Roro in Glenlyon, who accepted his patrimony, 
from his &ther, consisting of a number of cattle, and a few men and set out to seek 
his fortune, as it was termed, about the year 1480. He happened to set out at a 
very fortunate time, for having proceeded only the length of the hill of Gar-Dunan, 
where he lodged all night with his cattle, a messenger, reached him early next 
morning from the camp of an adventurer who had lodged all night upon the 
opposite side of Loch Lydon, to try his hospitality ; and upon learning where they 
were, he sent their commander a fat cow. Their commander seemed much aston- 
ished at so unusual a gift, and asked his man who it was that had sent it, they could 
not tell, and consequently sent back to enquire. The two leaders met and having 
communicated their views to each other, MacGregor learned that he, who he had 
entertained, was the son of the Laird of Appin (in Argyleshire) and the head of a 
party of men intending to take revenge upon the inhabitants of the Braes of 
Rannoch, called Clann Ian Bhuidhe, and the clan Ian Maileaich, who had but 
recently ofiered an afiront to the Laird of Appin's men who were passing by. 
They then agreed to join issue, and that when they had rooted out the inhabitants, 



Principal Families 123 

they would divide the conquered lands between them. They proceeded, and suc- 
ceeded in conquering from the west as far as Errocht on the north side of the Loch, 
and as far as West Camghouran on the south side. MacGr^or took possession of 
his own share and Stewart left a representative and a party of men to occupy his 
part, and returned to his own country, upon the next succeeding Sabbath, each with 
his party proceeded to the parish Church of Killiechonnan, which, when they were 
about to enter, a dispute arose about which should enter first, MacGregor or 
Stewart's representative, when both drew their swords and MacGregor slew his 
opponent Word was immediately dispatched to Stewart to inform him of what 
had happened, to which he replied, ' That if he were there in person, there might 
be some cause for disputing MacGregor's precedence, but that he had never 
authorised his servant to dispute it for him ; that the fellow only met with what 
he deserved, adding that as they could not agree together, MacGregor might enjoy 
the whole of it for him ; which was the case, and MacGr^or shortly sent, and 
settled one of his brothers in Learagan, from whom that family are descended and 
another at Learan from whom Clann-macGeal Galium, are descended. 

Reflections may, of course, be made as to the lawlessness and turbu- 
lence of these proceedings, but those were times when physical courage 
and strength of arm, with some address in taking advantage of oppor- 
tunities, were the only qualities much esteemed, and they knew no other 
means of gaining a livelihood. Traditions of a similar kind were very 
graphically told by many in the Highlands up till a few years ago, having 
been transmitted down by word of mouth with the full intention of neither 
adding nor taking away from them, although some deviations must have 
been unavoidable. 



MagGregor of Ardlarich. 



This family is descended from the House of Glenstray, of which it is 
believed to be the next representative, failing the direct heirs, but it is 
supposed that none of the male line of Ardlarich remain in Scotland, and 
all trace of those abroad are lost^ 

In the Obituary the death is recorded on the 31st July 1526 of Gregor, 
son of John MacGregor, alias M*^Ewine M^^AUaster of Glenstray, as has 

^ The fiunily claimed to be very ancient, and even to be the Chief. They were certainly very 
early tettled in Rannoch« 



124 History of the Clan Gregor 

been noticed at the end of Chapter V., page 54, Mr MacGr^or Stirling, 
from a comparison of dates, makes out that this Gregor left a son Allaster, 
father of Archibald Dhu M^Condachie V'Allaster in Ardlarich, mentioned 
under this name many years later, as will appear in the sequel. A 
Memoir from Lieutenant Alexander's papers only b^ins with a Gillespie 
(Archibald) Ruadh in the sixteenth century. 



MacGregor of Glengyle. 

The Ancestor of this House is universally supposed to have been the 
fifth son of Gregor Aulin named Dougal, and that from some remarkable 
colouring of hair or eyes he was distinguished as Dougal Ciar, which word 
in Gaelic means dusky, dark brown, or dark grey, and which name became 
the designation of a very powerful and stirring tribe. 



Besides these Perthshire Families, others settled in Aberdeenshire and 
elsewhere. An old MS, relates very circumstantially a settlement of the 
Clan in Braemar at Little Inverey, giving the date as far back as 1403, 
which is certainly too early. 

The Gregories of Kinairdie trace their descent from a son of Roro 
who went to the Boyne in 1500, and married a daughter of the Laird of 
Finlater, by whom he had a son James sumamed Gregor, who became 
Chamberlain to Finlater at Woodland, in the parish of Udney. He 
married Agnes More, sister to William More of Ferryhill, and died in 
1584. 

These brief notices of the origin of the different families are merely 
given at this place to explain the names which occur in the histories of the 
subsequent times, and serve as a guide to the identification of some of the 
individuals mentioned. It is intended to give as full genealogical accounts 
as possible later on. 

Before resuming the general history, an anecdote of one of the ancient 
Chiefs may be related, which, amidst the sterner features of the times, 



Highland Hospitality 125 



shows that the virtue of hospitality and good faith shone brightly. The 
following version of this anecdote, which is now well known, was com- 
municated to Sir John MacGr^or Murray by the Rev. Dr Joseph 
Maclntyre, Minister of Killin in 1800: — 

" The Chief was at that time residing on his freehold in Glenorchy : His son 
had gone in the shooting season, with a party of young associates, to the Moors 
in the Braes of the country : they met with a young gentleman, of the name of 
Lamont from Cowal, who attended by a servant was going to Fort William. They 
all went to the kind of inn that was in the place, and took a refreshment together ; 
in the course of which at the close of the day a trifling dispute arose betwixt 
Lamont and young MacGregor; Dirks were drawn, and before Friends could 
interfere, MacGregor fell wounded, and soon expired beside the table. In the 
confusion Lamont escaped, and though pursued, under the cover of night got 
securely to the House of MacGregor, the first habitation that met him by the dawn 
of the morning. The Chieftain had got up and was standing at the door, * Save 
my life' said the stranger 'for Men are in pursuit of me to take it away.' 'Who- 
ever you are ' says MacGregor ' Here you are safe.' Lamont was but just brought 
to an inner apartment and introduced to the famQy, when a loud enquiry was made 
at the door if any stranger had entered the house. ' He has ' says MacGregor 
' And what is your business with him ? ' ' In a scuffle ' cried all the pursuers, ' He 
has killed your son, deliver him up, that we may instantly revenge the deed.' 
MacGr^oi^s lady and his two daughters filled the house with their cries and 
lamentations, 'Be quiet' says the Chief, with his eyes streaming with tears, 'and 
let no man presume to touch the youth- for he has MacGregor's word and honour 
for his safety and as God lives, he shall be safe and secure whilst in my house.' In 
a little, after every kind treatment of Lamont he accompanied him with twelve men 
under arms to Inveraray saw him in safety on the other side of Lochfyne took him 
by the hand and thus addressed him, ' Lamont, now you are safe : no longer can I, 
or will I, protect you ; keep out of the way of my Clan. May God forgive and 
bless you.' This happened some short time before the severe act of proscription 
against the Clan in the year 1633.^ when to the discredit of Justice a weak 
government sacrificec^Npfcole people for the atrocities of a few. MacGregor lost 
his property, and was hunted for his life by this iniquitous act : He took shelter in 
the house of this very Lamont, noted for his urbanity and his known contrition for 
the misfortune of his younger years, and by every act of kindness to his venerable 
guest, and some branches of his family in some measure revered the providence 
that had thus put it in his power to repay to the family in some measure the loss he 
had occasioned them by the death of a son." 

^ The period must have beea much earlier, if the Chief still lived ia Glenurchay, and it must 
have been one of the earlier persecutions when he was^unted for his life. 



[1552 



Chapter XII 



DURING the early years of Queen Mary, internal divisions and the 
dread of English invasions, entirely occupied the Government, 
therefore little is heard of the Highlands in the Public Records except the 
mention of a few Chiefs at the Battle of Pinkie. 

The Reformation, which attained its recognition in 1560, had little 
effect amongst the distant mountains, where the usual feuds continued to 
prevail unchecked till after the return of the young Queen, the Dauphin's 
widow, from France in August 1561. 

Soon afterwards the Queen's attention seems to have been directed to 
the conflicts in the North, as a series of proclamations shortly appear. 
The Queen's marriage with Lord Darnley took place on the 27th July 
1565. On the 19th June 1566 the young Prince was bom, and, on his 
mother's forced resignation, he was, in 1567, crowned King of Scotland as 
James VI. 

The following year the perplexed Queen took the fatal step of trusting 
herself to the mercy of her cousin, Queen Elizabeth of England, who 
caused her, after a lingering captivity, to be executed at Fotheringay 
Castle in Northamptonshire, 8th Feb. 1587. 

It has been related in Chapter IX. that Duncan Ladosach and two of 
his sons perished in June 1552. This slaughter seems to have dismayed 
and disorganised the Clan, for several Bands of Manrent with Sir Colin 
Campbell were soon afterwards made, doubtless with the object of 
obtaining a temporary respite from persecution. 

Band of the M^Olcallums from the " Black Book of Taymouth " :— 

<' At the Yle of Loch Tay the thrid day of August 1552.^ William M'^Olcallum 
in Rannocht, Malcum his son, and Donald Roy M^Olchallum Glas bindis and 
oblisses thame thair airis bamis, and posterite to be . • . afald seniantis to Colyne 
Campbell of Glenurquhay and to his airis maill quhom . . . thai half elecdt and 



1554] Sundry Entries 127 

chosyn for thair cheiffis and masteris, renundand M^r^our thair auld chief and 
all utheris in the contra, the authorite alanerlie except and that because the said 
Colyne hes deliuerit to thame his letter of maintenians . . and als the saidis 
personis for thameselffis, thair airis, and successouris gevis thair calpis to the said 
Colyne and his airis conforme to the use thairof • . and gif it happens the saidis 
William, Malcum, or Donald to faill in the premissis to pay to the said Colyne and 
his airis the soame of ane hundreth pundis money within XV days eftir the £edll 
be triiet and maid manifest . . and heirto the foirsaidis personis ar bundin . • . and 
sworn uoun the holy evangellis . . . presentibus Alexandro Menzies de Rannocht, 
Colyne Campbell filio Archibaldi Campbell de Glenlyoun, Patricio Campbell et 
Johnne Leche testibus vocatis. 

'* Willehnus Ramsaye Notarius.'' 

''1552. August 4. Malcum M^Aynmallicht (son of John Malloch) Donald his 
brother Duncane McNeill V^Kewin (Ewin) William and Malcum McNeill 
V*=Ewin brothers to the said Duncane, renouncing M*^Gregour their Chief, 
bind themselves to Colyne Campbell of Glenurquhay giving him their 
Calpes."— RB. of T. 

''1552. August 21. Gregour M^Gregour son of the deceased Sir James 
M^Gregour Dean of Lismore binds himself to the same ' taking thame for 
his chiefs in place of the Laird M'^Gregour.' "—KB. of T. 

''1552. Sep. 9. Donald B^ M^Acrom Duncane and WiUiam his brothers 
duelling in the Bray of Weyme bind themselves to the same, 'having 
overgiven the Laird M*^Gregour and his heirs and successors.' " — B.B. of T. 

''1552. Dec. 21. Duncan M^Aindrew in . . . Duncane and Malcum his sons 
renounce the Laird M^Gregour and his heirs as their chief and choose 
the same. Dated before among other witnesses, William M^Olcallum 
M^Gregour and John M^Yndoir."— B.B. of T. 

From the " Chartulary " :— 

** 1552 Nov. 24. Colin Campbell bought of Finlay M^Nab of Bowame the lands 
(amongst others) of Ardclialzie Easter which had been in the hands of the 
M^Nabs for a long time previously.^ 

''1554. May 9. ' Gregourstone ' is mentioned in Charter by Queen Mary to 
John Creichtoun of Strathurd and Janet Ruthven daughter of William Lord 
Ruthven, Spouse of the said John, of the Tower, Place and Mains of 
Strathurd vie : Perthe as is Drumquhar then possessed by John Gregour 
Cokkar.— Mag. Sig, XXIX, 115. 

^ Patrick MacNab of Bowaine gave to his son Finlay and heirs the lands of Boyaine and 
Ardkelzie Ester at Killin, ist January 1486-7, for a pair of gloves to be given to the King at 
Pentecost.— Regbter of Great Seal. 



128 History of the Clan Gregor [1558 

" 1555. May 2. Wffliam of Tullibardine * Plege for William Our M^^Gregor and 
John M^lTnkeir (Lan Ciar) ' under penalty of a hundred marks each. — Records 
of High Court of Justiciary. 
" 1556-7. Feb. I. Precept of a Charter of Confirmation of a Charter of Sale 
made by Janet Makgregour heretrix of the lands underwritten with consent 
of Malcolm M^Gillemichaell her spouse, to Colin Campbell of Glenurchay 
and his heirs male, of all and whole the 8 merk land of Kingart, lying in 
Stewartry of Stratheam and Shire of Perth. — Privy Seal. 
"1557-58. Jan. 31. Preceptum legitimationes Gregorij M^Gregour et Dugalli 
M^Gregour bastadorum filiorum naturalium Domini Jacobi M^Gregour (Sir 
James McGregor Dean of Lismore) in communi forma &a apud Edinburgh 
ultimo Jan. — Privy Seal. 
" 1557-8 Feb. Menzies of that Ilk on account of the lawless and independent 
spirit of the ClanGregor in Rannoch (as by him alleged) obtained an 
exemption from answering for these, under the seal and subscription of 
Mary of Guise Queen Regent^ 
"1558. Feb. 8, Death of Malcolm McNeill V^Ewin at Lagfarme in his own 

house. Pray for the soul of him who did good to God and man 

Quhilk summyr Schyr Dougal M*^Gregour byggit (n)ew hous besyd the Kirk 

of Fortingall, samyn yer Schir Dougall got the sencellari Lesmoyr 

fra Collin Campbell of Glenurchy. — Obituary." 
It may have been about this time that a terrible outrage on the 
Clan Laurane took place. Subsequently, in the year 1604, John M^^Coul 
Chere with other M*^Gregors was tried for the slaughter of eighteen house- 
holders of the Clan Laurane* (forty-six years syne or thereby), of which he 
was acquitted. It has also been alleged that Duncan Ladosach and his 
son Gregor were concerned in the raid, but as they were killed fifty-two 
years previous to this trial, the accusation does not coincide with the time 
supposed. There is a tradition that the immediate cause of provocation 
was that the M^Lauranes had cut the mouths of some horses belonging to 
the M^^Gregors in Glen Dochart. 

The M^Lauranes, who claim to have been settled in Balquhidder since 

1 See next page. 

^ A moumental stone was placed in Balquhidder churchyard, 1868, by Daniel M^lAurin, Esq., 
of St John's Wood, London, a descendant of MacLabhrainn of Auchleskin, in memory of those who 
perished in this unhappy occurrence, with the following inscription, ''In Memoriam of the Clan 
Laurin, anciently the allodian inhabitants of Balquhidder and Stratheam, the Chief of whom in the 
decrepitude of old age, together with his aged and infirm adherents, their wives and children, the 
widows of their departed kindred, all were destroyed in the silent midnight hour, by fire and sword 
by the hands of a banditti of incendiarists from Glendochart. a.d. 1558." 



1559] The Clan Laurane 129 

the thirteenth century, exercised a priviledge of being the first to enter 
the Church of Balquhidder at the Diets of Worship on Sundays. The 
McGregors shared this precedence, having in the fifteenth century 
stipulated, it is said, to be allowed to share the right, as a preliminary 
condition before they effectually assisted the M^Lauranes in a great 
fight with the Lenies. This right led eventually to a serious brawl 
inside the Church in 1532, when the vicar, Sir John M^Laurane, was 
killed. (Taken from "Curious Episodes of Scottish History," by 
Robert Fittis.) 

" 1559. March 11. Malcolm M^Coule Keir appears as a witness in a Bond by 
the Clan Laurane dwelling in Balquhidder. 

Sir Alexander Menzies having represented to the Queen Regent, Mary 
of Guise, in 1559, that he could not be answerable for the actions of the 
MacGregors in Rannoch, he received the following exemption : — 

" Letter by Mary of Guise, Queen Regent of Scotland, exempting Alexander 
Menzies of that Ilk from finding caution for MacGregors his tenants in Rannoch, 
for seven years. 7th Feb. 1559. 

"'R^ina. — ^We understanding that it is not within the power of Alexander 
Menzes of that Uk to ansuer for the gud reule of the Clangregour inhabitantis of 
the Rannoch, and that our chozing the £rle of Ergyle and Coline Campbell of 
Glenvrquhay hes the seruic of that clann, and that thai will do thare deligens to 
caus gud reule be kepit be the said clann, and for diuers vther resonable causis and 
considerationis moving ws, grantis and gevis licence to the said Alexander to set 
intak and assedatioun all and haill his tuenty-pund land of Rannock liand within 
the sherefdom of Perth, too the auld tenentis and inhabitantis thairof of the Clan- 
gregour for the space of sevin yeris ; and will and grantis that he nor his airis sail 
nocht be haldyn to our derrest dochter, nor ws, to ansuer for thair gud reule during 
the said sevin yeirs, nor to enter thame to our lawes, our justice airis, nor justice 
Courtis for thair dementis, nochtwithstanding the generall band maid be the lordis 
and landit men of the said S . . . . our said derrest dochter and ws there upoun : 
Anent the quhilkis we dispens with hym be thir presentis a panis contenit thairin. 
Gevin vnder signet Subscriuit with our hand at Edinburgh vii day of Fabruarm 
the zeir ogf God. 

"* Marie R.'" 

— From the Charter Room of Castle Menzies. — " Red and White Book of Menzies." 
From " Chartulary " :— 

" 1559. March 9. Patrick M*^Conachy V^CouU M^^Gregour in Inwirzelly John 

R 



130 History of the Clan Gregor [1560 

his brother german, Patrick M^^Ane M^^Gregour in Dalmarky Johne M^^Ane 
his brother german, and Malcum M^Coule Klair M^Gregour dwelling in 
Balquihidder, bind themseves to render Colin Campbell faithful service 
when required, ay and quhill the said Colyne and his airis, stayk thame 
with sum rowmis or stedingis quhairby they may serve themsel upoune 
thair awin expensis and to give thame their Calpes. — 'Black Book of 
Taymouth.' 

"1560 Feb. 16. John M*=Avyr Alexander M*=Alester M*=Gregour V*=Neill 
witness. — * Chartulary.' 
<* 1561 April 17. Duncan M^Coule Keir a witness at Strathfillan. 
Jidy 4. Gregour M^Ane and Patrik M^Olane witnesses. 

" 1561. 14. Feb. St Andrews. Charter of Few-farm of the lands of Dull by 
David Guthrie, Vicar of Dull and John Wyram, usufructuary thereof, with 
consent of the Lord James Commendator of St Andrews, and of the 
Convent 113 in number in favour of John M^Grigor. — * Red and White 
Book of Menzies.' 

'' 1561. Augst. 24. Archibald Earl of Argyle addressed a missive from 
Achallader to Grigor MacGregor son and apparent heir of the late 
Alexander MacGregor of Glenstray narrating a grant of the superiority 
of the lands of Glenurchay with the islands called Elanewir and Elan- 
dufieir, Elankilequhyrne and Elan bochtolifif, part of the lands of Auchynna 
with the island called Elanvoriche part of Kellan, Femach, Inverynan, 
Craigbamory, Sonnochan, Altbane and Allbre-Mnycht lying within his 
barony of Lochaw which were formerly hereditarily possessed by Colin 
Campbell and which he had resigned into the Earl's hands as the repre- 
sentative of the King as Superior and which were now granted to Duncan 
Campbell his son and apparent heir.' Amongst the witnesses is < Johanne 
M*^Condoquhy Roy. — Excerpt from the Sheriflf under 22d June 1584 in 
' Chartulary.' (Translation and abridgement taken from Dr Joseph 
Anderson's note books.) 

"1562 May 21. Allester M*^Ewin Dow V^Gregor slain by Patrik M^Ayn 
Vyc Olchallum alias McGregor Kyllejiese (Killiehassie) and buried at 
Foss. — Obituary. 

"1562. Feb. 2. Death of John Dow M*^Condoquhy V*^Gregor at Castle of 
Glenurquhay. 

" 1562. August I. Bond by Johnne Dow M*^Couilaid in Braiklie at Kend- 
lochtollive, Donald Dow Mak Couilaid and Makum M^Couill Laid his 
brothers, to CoUein Campbell of Glenurchy giving him their Calpes; 
signed at the Castle of Glenurquhay before these witnesses Greigour 
M*^Kein Keeper of the Castle of Glenurquhay, Ewin M^^Kein in Mour- 
laganmoir and John Makindovin in Portbane. — B. B. of T." 



1563] Rannoch sublet to Keppoch 131 

It has been stated in Chapter X. that Sir Colin Campbell had made 
John M^Condoquhy Keeper of the Castle of Glenurquhay in 1550; his 
son, Gr^or Maclan, appears to have obtained the appointment in 
succession to his father, who died a few months previous to this date. 

"Chartulary":— 

"1562-3 Jan. 12. Letter to CoHng Campbell of Glenurquhair of the Escheit 
of Gregour MakGregour of Glenstray alias Laird Makgregour, Duncan 
MakGregour in Roro, Duncan Makandoy (Ian dhu) elder, Duncan 
Makandoy younger Patrik Makane M^Gillichallum glas, Ewin Makgregour 
chellych, Malcolme Makgregor alias Kendmoir. and Duncan Gig alias 
Laddossoune ^ for the slaughter of Tearloch (Charlie) Campbell. — Record 
of Privy Seal. 

" 1563. (Obituary) Ane gud symmyr and gud harist, pece and rest 

excep the Lard of Glenurquhay, wyryth (wrath or warreth) aganis the 
ClanGregor." 

Having obtained the escheit of so many of the ClanGregor, Sir Colin 
Campbell now endeavoured to turn it to the best advantage, and having 
a lease from Sir Alexander Menzies of part of the Loch Rannoch lands, 
arranged to sublet them to MacDonald of Keppoch, to get their support 
against the MacGregors. 

Contract between Glenurquhay and Cappycht (Keppoch) : — 

"1563. April 25. At Ballocht It is agreit betuix Colyne Campbell of 
Glenurquhay on that ane part and Rannald M^Rannald M^Coniglas ofif 
Cappicht on that uther part in maner following, the said Colyne havand of 
our Souerane Lady the gift of escheit of the Clangregour now being our 
Souerane Lady rebellis, of thair takis, rowmis, stedingis, gudis, and geir. 
And havand of the Lard of Weyme in lifrent the tuelf merkland of 
Rannoch on the west syde of the watter of Erachtie, to haif sett in 
assedatioun to the said Rannald his airis maill, and subtenantis of nay 

hiear degre nor himself witht power to set the saidis landis to 

subtenantis of lawer degrie nor himself of ony surname (the Clangregour 

alanerlie except) during the gift of the takis of the said Colyne 

escheit, malis, and deweteis usit and wont conforme to the payment that 
M^Gregour suld haif maid to the Lard of Weyme. And efter the 
furthrinnin of the said Colyne lyfrent and takis, he and his airis sail do 
thair exact diligence in obtaining of new takis and lyfrent upoun all the 

^ Apparently Dtmcan Laddosach's son; he is not mentioned in the " Baronage." 



132 History of the Clan Gregor [1563 

forsaidis landis^ and thairefter mak the said Rannald and his airis tytill 
thau:of . . and the said Colyne and his airis, sail defend the said Rannald 

his airis and subtenantis in the forsaidis landis For the quhilkis 

the said Rannald oblisses hym and his airis, freindis &a to be leill trew 
seruantis to the said Colyne &a and the said Rannald sail ... . mak his 
principal residens thairupoun ay and quhill he may bring the samyn to 
quietness for the commoun weill of the cuntre and sal nocht suffer ony of 
the Clangregour to haif entres or intromissiounes of the forsaidis landis 
.... Atour the said Rannald and his airis forsaidis .... oblisses thame 
to . . . persew at than: utermaist power samony of the ClanGregour as ar 
now our Souerane Lady rebellis and apprehend and bring thame to the 
said Colyne and his airis to be punesit according to the lawis." 

The Macdonalds of Keppoch were not more famed for their docility 
than the MacGregors, and possibly they found the task of guarding the 
country uncongenial, for the following year Rannald M^^Couilglas of 
Cappicht renounced by contract his right to the 12 merkland of 
Rannocht.— " Black Book of Taymouth." 

" 1563. May 6. Contract of manrent and protection between CoUyne Campbell 
of Glenurquhay and Johne Oyg M^Ane Abricht of Glen cho providing that 
if he will not instantly serve against the ClanGregour his contract shall be 
void." 

From " Black Book of Taymouth " :— 

"1563 Nov. 17. Gregour M^Gregour of that Ilk obliges himself his kin 
servants, and dependants to do all the steid he may to Jhone Stewart 
apparent of the Appin, without exposing himself to hurt at my Lord 
Ergyle's hand, subscribed at Elian na mayn. witnesses Duncan MacGregor 
of Rorow Ewin M*^Gregour and Duncan M^AUaster V*^Ewin." 

Register of the Privy Council of Scotland. Queen Mary. 

" Apud Striveling, XXIJ Septembris, anno, etc, (1563). 

" The Quenis Majestic, understanding that the Clangregour, being hir Hienes 
rebellis, and at hir home for divers horrible attemptatis committit be thame 
hes nocht onlie massit thameselfis in greit cumpanyis, bot als hes drawin 
to thaim the maist part of the broken men of the hail cuntre, quhilkis 
at thair plesour bimis and slayis the pouer lieges of this realme, revis and 
takis thair gudis, sorais and oppreessis thame in sic sort that thai ar hable 
to lay waist the haill boundis quhair thai hant, and to bring the samyn to 



1563] Proclamation by Queen Mary 133 

be inhabitable, without the hastier remeid be providit thairfoir. and knawing that 
the saidis malefactouris for the maist part hantis and repairis within the boundis 
following, and that the noblemen underspecifiet quha ar principalis of the boundis 
undemamit, ar maist hable to expell the saidis evill doaris furth of thair boundis, or 
ellis gif thai be fundin within the samyn to apprehend and tak thame and bring 
thame to the Justice or his Deputis to be punist for thair demeritis. Thairfoir 
ordainis the said noble men to expell and bald the saidis broken men furth of the 
bondis undememmit in maner underspecifiet ; that is to say, James Erie of Murray, 
furth of the boundis of Bramar, Badynoch, Lochquhabir, Bra of Murray, Strath- 
name, and Stratheme, within the boundis of the Sherefdome of Inverness, Archi- 
bald Erie of Argyle, furth of the boundis of Argyle, Lome, Levinax, and Menteith : 
Johne Erie of Athole, furth of the boundis of Athole, Strthardail Glensche, and 
Dunkeld. George Erie of Errole, furth of the boundis of Logiealmont ; James 
Lord Ogilvie furth of the boundis of the Bra of Angus ; Patrick Lord Ruthven, 
furth of the boimdis of Strathbame ; David Lord Dmmmond furth of the boundis 
of Stratheme ; Colyne Campbell of Glenurquhy, furth of the boundis of Braidal- 
bane and Buchquhidder ; and Johne Grant of Freuchy, furth of the boundis of 
Strathspey, Strathawn and Bra of Strathbogie. And to tiiat effect grantis and com- 
mittis to the saidis noble men and every ane of thame, within the boundis forsaidis, 
full power speciale mandiment, and charge to pass, serche, and seik the saidis 
rebeUis, malefactouris, and oppressouris quhair evir thai may be apprehendit within 
the boundis abonespedfiet ; and apprehend and tak thame and bring thame to the 
Justice or his Deputis, to be punist for thair demeritis ; and to convocat and gadder 
oure Soverane Ladies liegis in cumpanyis and armyis ; and to persew, follow, and 
invade the saidis tresspassouris, with fire and suerd and gif thai or any of thaim, 
happynnis to entir in houssis or strengthis, to lay assaige yhairto, and to raise fyre 
for recovering of the samyn gif neid be; and ordainis the gentilmen, induellars 
within the boundis specifiet upoun the command gevin to thame be ony of the 
saidis noble men, or utherwyise be lettres, assemble thair folkis togidder, and meit 
the saidis noble men ilkane within the boundis foirsaidis at sic place or places as 
salbe assignit to thame, and to remaine with the saidis noble men during the space 
thai salbe commandit. and als gevis power to the saidis noble men gif neid requiris 
to joine thair cumpanies togidder and pass fordwart in army or armies for persewing 
of the saidis evill doaris. And gif any of thame happynnis to be slane or mutilat in 
the persewing or taking, the Quenis Majestic will and granteth that the saidis noble 
men nor nane of hir Graces lieges being with thame, or ony of thame in cumpany, 
sail nocht be callit nor accusit thairfoir, nor incur ony skaith or danger thairthrow 
in thair persone, landis, or gudis in ony wyise in tyme cuming ; and ordains, gif 
neid beis, speciale commissions to be gevin to the saidis noble men and every ane 
of thame to the effect foirsaid, to be extendit in the maist ample forme, and the 
Clerkis of Chancellerie, to direct out commissions under the testimonial of the great 



134 History of the Clan Gregor [1563-64 

seill to every ane of the noble men above specifiet, to the effect foirsaid. And this 
present ordinance sal be sufficient warrand to thame to pass the saidid commissionis 
upoun, and siclyke ordainis the Lordis of Counsale to direct out lettres to charge 
oure Soverane Ladies liegis to ryise, concur assist and gang fordward with the saidis 
noble men in maner foirsaid, for accomplissing of the premissis apprehending or 
expelling of the saidis rebellis in maner abone specifiet, And that the samyn may be 
the mair suirlie done, ordainis the saidis noble men and baronis to cause in all the 
partis foirsaidis, the lieges thairof be gadderit togidder upoun the XX day of 
October nixt to cume, but forther delay ; and to remain togidder eveiy man within 
his boundis limitat as is befoir specifiet for the space of XX dayis next theireafter, 
to the effect that the saidis rebellis be expellit or apprehendit in maner abone 
mentiantat as thai will answer to the Quenis Majestic thairupoun ; and under all 
hiest pane, charge and offence that thai, and ilkane of thame may committ and inrin 
againis hir Majestie in that part." 

" Apud Edinbrugh, 8 Jan. 1563-64. 

** (The preamble down to the words * bring the samyn to be inhabitable * is the 
same as the last The Proclamation continuing) 

" The Quenis Majestie the maist part of the cause quhairof, is that 

in all partis quhair thai repair and hant, thai ar resett be the inhabitaris and induel- 
leris and fumissit with vittallis and uther necessaris and in sik wyise fosterit and 
nurissit as gif thai wer the Quenis Majesties trew and faithfull subjects and nevir 
had committit crjrme or offence in ony tyme bigane; quhair throw hir Hieness 
authorite be the saidis resettoris and fumisseris is sa contempnit that in ane maner 
it sal gif occasioun to hir trew lieges, quhilkes nevir myndit to mak ony brek, to 
becom manifest contempnaris, somaris, thevis, oppressouris and rebellis, thinking 
thairby to leif idillie and wicketlie, and be fumist upoun uther trew mennis gudis. 

*' For remeid quhairof and stopping of the saidis rebellis to be forther fumissit be 
the Quenis Grace liegies in ony tyme cuming the Quenis Hienes givis, grantis and 
committis hir full, fre and plane power to hir lovit Coline Campbell of Glenurchy, 
to pass serche, &f (giving him a commission against the resetters during hir 
Majesties gude wiU and pleasure, &.\" 

The Earl of AthoU ^ objecting to the rights of search granted to Colin 
Campbell among his own tenants &% made a protest of which the follow- 
ing was the result : — 

"Apud Edinburgh, 10, Jan; 1563-64. 

"In presence of the Quenis Majestie and Lordis of hir Secreit Counsale 
comperit Johne Erie of AthoU, and maid this offer underspecifiit, that is to say, 

^ John Stewart, 4th Earl of AthoU. 



Earl of Atholl's Protest against Glenurchy 135 

Forasmeikle as Colin Campbell of Glenurquhy hes impetrat ane commissioun of 
the Quenis Majestie for sercheing, seiking and apprehandeing of certaine of the 
ClanGr^our, and complices to thame, hir Graces Rebellis, and at hir home, and 
for inbringing of thame and resettaris of the saidis rebellis to the Justice to be 
punist for thair contemptioun and inobedience as the said commissioun beris; 
nochtwithstanding the quhilk, the said Earl, in presence of the Counsale forsaid, 
obliss him to ansuer for all sik personis duelland, within his boundis, rowmes and 
possessiojns, quhilkis he sail gif in writ to the said Lard of Glenurquhy, for ony 
attemptatis committit or to be commitit be thame, conforme to the ordinance maid 
be the Quenis Grace and hir Secreit Counsale thairupoun ; the Quenis Majestie 
with advyse of the saidis Lordis hes thocht ressonable that ane exemptioun be 
granted to the said Erie, examand all and sindrie men tennentis, fewaris, senrantis, 
vassallis, and occupiers of quhat sumevir landis and rowmes pertaining to him. or 
of quhome he hes dominioun and cure of, and of quhame qnd quhat landis he sail 
accept the burding be his said writing, to be gevin to the said Lard of Glenurquhy, 
that thai and ilk ane of thame, thair boundis landis, and possessionis sal be fre of 
the said commissioun, or any part thairof, grantit to the said Lard of Glenurquhay ; 
and to the effect of the samyn sail na wyise strek upoune thame selfis, thair bodeis, 
landis, or gudis in ony wyise ; dischargeing alwayis the said Lard of Gleniurquhy ; 
and all uther officiaris or liegeis quhatsumevir, to attempt or presume ony thing 
contrair the saidis Erles landis, rowmes, tennentis and occupyaris thairof quhilkis 
he sail gif in bill as said is, thair gudis or geir, in ony wyise be vertew of Uie said 
commissioun, suspendand the effect thairof, and of thair offices in that part be the 
same exemptioun.'' 

With the object of starving out the dreaded Clan another proclamation 
follows : — 

''For asmekle as eftir divers slauchteris and utheris haynous and horrible 
crymes committit be Gregor M*^Gregor alias Lard M*^Gregour^ Ewine M^Gregour* 
hisbrether, Duncan M'^Gregor' in Rora Duncane M*^Anedoy M^^Gregor, Duncan 
Oyg McGregor,* Patrik M^Ane M^'Hollonglas M^'Colme,* Duncane and Patrik 
M*^Ane M. Hollonglas* hes brether, Malcolme Cham M. Candoquhy, Ewine 
M^^Gillehelichy, Duncane M^Gillehellich his bruther, Williame M^Colchollum, 
Malcolme and George M^Colchollum his sonnis, and thair complices, to greit 

1 Gregor M^Allaster McGregor of Glenstray, ''Gregor na'm Bassan Gheal." 

* Ewine, afterwards Tutor of Glenstray. 

» Roro. 

^ Duncan Oig, probably " Laddosoune," mentioned 12 Jan. 1562-3, or Duncan Makundoy 
younger. 

' Family of John M^Challum glas, son of Galium glas (pale £eu;ed), son of Duncan— a branch of 
Roro, who left Glenlyon and settled at Learagan-Rannoch. 



136 History of the Clan Gregor [1563-64 

nowmer of personis ; that being callit to underlie the law thairfore, and to find 
cautioun to that effect in contempt of the Quenis Majestie, hir authorite all ordour 
and justice, past to the home, quhairat thai remainit thir twa yens bigane witli the 
mair. (Proclamation goes on to complain that in spite of the commissions and 
other measures taken, the Clan are still furnished with necessaries.) Thairfore and 
to the effect that hir liegis may be inexecusable of sik fumessing and mantenance 
of hir rebellis, hir Grace ordinis lettres to be direct to hir messingeris in that part, 

chargeing thame to pass to the mercat croces of hir burrois of Perth, 

and utheris places neidfull ; and thair be open proclamatonn in hir Hienes name 
and autorite, command and charge all and sundrie hir liegis, that nane of thame 
tak upoun hand to ressave, ressett, mantene, nuriss, foster, provide or fumiss, the 
saidis rebellis, or thair complices, in house, meit, drink, clething, armour, wappyn- 
neis, counsale or uther wayis; &* (under pain of being 'punist with all rigour at 
the saidis particular Justice Courts ')." 

" Apud Perth, i8die mensis Marcii, 1563-64, 

^' (after a preamble to the same effect as the preceding proclamations this 
continues) . . . 

** For remeid quhairof, her Hienes hes gevin and grantit, and be the tennour 
heirof gevis and grantis and committis hir ful power generall and speciall command, 
express bidding, and charge to hir traistie cousingis and counsalouris, Archibale Erie of 
Ergyle Lord Campbell and Lome, &• and Johne, Erie of AthoU Lord of Balveny &■, 
to convocat and assembill togidder all and sindry our Soverane Ladies liegis dwell- 
and within the boundis respective underwritten that is to say, the Erie of Ergyle 
within the boundis of the Sherefdomes of Ergyle, Tarbert, Dunbartane, Bute, the 
Stewartrie, Erledom and haill cuntre of Menteith, the landis and cuntreis of 
Braidalbyne, Buchquhidder, &•= and samekill of the Sherefdome of Striviling as 
lyis be west Buchquhan ; and the said Erie of Athole within the boundis of Badey- 
noch, Lochquhabir, Strathspey, Strathowin, Bray of Mar, Strathdone, Bray of Angus, 
and the haill sherefdome of Perth except Braidalbane, Buchquhidder, and Menteith ; 
or any part of the saidis countreis, sa oft and at quhatsumevir place or places as he 
sail think convenient, and to pass serche seik, persew, and apprehend the saidis 
rebellis and malefactouris quhairevir thai can be apprehendit within the boundis 
abonewritten or farder as occasioun sail occur, to be brocht to the Justice or his 
Deputis to be punist for thair demeritis, and falying thairof to persew thame untill 
thai be expellit and put furth of the saidis boundis 

"With power alswa to the said Erie to direct, chargeis, and command mentis, 
to the inhabitantis of the cuntreis abone written, or quhaisumevir part or place 
thairof, for convening with him or sik personis as he sal happin to depute, upoun 
sic waming and at quhatsumevir place he sail think expedient, to pas forwart and 
to use the direction that salbe thocht maist convenient for resistence or persute of 
the saidis rebellis; certifeing the personis swa to be warnit and chaigeit be the said 



Register of the Privy Council of Scotland 137 

Erie or thame havand his power, within the saidis boundis and nocht passand 
forthwart to the frayis, or quhen the saidis rebellis resortis in thair boundis and 
schawis nocht thair reddie service, and exact diligence in thai behalfis to the con- 
tentation of the said Erie or thame havand his power as said is, — that thai salbe 
repute and haldin as plane partakeris and assistaries with the saidis rebellis in thair 
rebellioun, and salbe callit and persewit tliairfore at particular dyeties and puneist 
for the samyn, conforme to the lawis and consuetude of this realme. and forder gewis 
power to the said Erie to use and exerce all and quhatsumevir uther thingis he sail 
think expedient for furthsetting of hir Majesties service and authorite in the said 
commissionn and in all thai doingis hir Hieness promettis to hald hand to him as 
aperentis hir of hir princelie honour, without ony contradictioun or revocatioun, 
nochtwithstanding the generalities heirof.'" 

On the same day (i8. March 1564) another order follows, after shortly 
recapitulating the commission, it continues : — 

''Quhilkis the saidis Erlis can nocht weill and convenientlie execut, without 
thair actionis, and the actions of all sic personis dwelland within the boundis of 
thair present charge, as ar necessar for the present service dependand afoir the 
Lordis of Counsal Sessioun, be continewit, and delayit during the tyme thairof. 
Thair foir the Quenis Majestic be the avyise of the Lordis of hir Secreit Counsall 
ordainis all actionis dependand befoir the saidis Lordis of Counsall and Sessioun 
pertening to the saidis Erlis of Ergyle and Athole or to ony persoun or personis 
dwelland within the boundis abone specifiit respective quhom thai will testifie be 
thair writ to the saidis Lordis to be necessar for thair service, and to be actulie 
thairin and worthy of the privelege of this act to be continewit, supersedit, delayit, 
and na proces to be had thairin unto the XX day of Maii next to come, discharging 
the saidis Lordis of all proceeding in ony of the saidis actionis in the menetyme, 
eftir the sycht of ather of the saidis Erlis writtingis to be direct to thame, testifeand 
of the actioun and persoun in quhais favouris thai wryte." 

In consequence of the complaints made against Sir Colin for the 
manner in which his commission was executed amongst those who he 
was supposed to be protecting from the MacGregors, the following band 
was required : — 

"Apud Perth XXI J Marcii 1563-64. The quhilk day in presence of the 
Lordis of Secreit Counsall, compeuit Colin Campbell of Glenurquhy, and band 
and oblist him for himself his kin, friends, assistaris, and partakaris passand 
with him, or in his name and behalf, for persewt of the Clangregor and utheris, the 
Quenis Majesties rebellis, that thai nor nane of thame sould some or oppress our 

s 



138 History of the Clan Gregor 

Soverane Ladiis liegis dwelland within the boundis of Stratheme, or ony utheris 
partis of this realme, be ony maner of sort in bodiis or gudis in tyme cuming. And 
in caise complaint beis made heireftir to the Quenis Majestie and hir Counsall 
upoun his saidis kin friendis, assistaris and partakeris, in that caise he sail entir the 
persoun or personis complenit upoun befoir the Justice or his Deputtis at ane 
convenient day and place to be appointit thair to, to undirly the law for the 
crymes, somyngis, oppressionis, and offends to the Quenis Majestie upoun his lyff 
and heretage. contenit in the complaint, and failying thairof, sail ansuer himself for 
the samyn. 

"The quhilk day anent the complaint presented to the saidis Lordis of 
Secreit Counsall be the Lordis, Baronis, landtsmen, gentilmen and inhabitantis of 
Stratherne, desyrand the commissioun gevin and grantit be our Soverane Lady to 
Colene Campbell of Glenurquhy anent the sercheing and seking of the Quenis 
Majesties rebellis of the surname of the Clangregour, and thair complices, and 
towart the arresting and inventure making of thair gudis, to be dischairgeit at 
the leist safer as the samyn can or may be extendit towart the inhabitantis of 
Stratherne, as the said complaint mair fuUelie proportis : The Lordis of Secreit 
Counsall in respect of thai ressonis, quhilk wer exponit aganis the samyn be the 
said Coleine and for utheris wechty causis and considerationis moving thame selffis, 
decernis the said commissioun to haif effect and strenth in tyme cuming and na 
wyise to be dischargeit, unto the finall repressing of the rebellion of the saidis 
rebellis. Nevirtheless during the tyme of the persute of thame be the Erlis of 
Ergyle and Athole quhome to the Quenis majestie hes grantit commissioun to 
that effect, the said Colene sail use his said commissioun, bot onelie upoun than 
personis in quhais houssis he actualie findis the saidis rebellis, or quhairfra thai ar 
instantlie for the tyme departit in the sycht of him, or of thame berand his power ; 
and as for the utheris personis resettaris, supplearis, or intercommunaris with the 
saidis rebellis, delatit or suspectit, yea althocht the deed be notour and certane to 
the said Colene swa that ony space pas owir betwix the time or the resorting of the 
saidis rebellis in thai partis and the cuming of the said Coline, or thame havand his 
power to the same, — in that cais the said Colene sail temperat the extremitie of his 
said commissioun notand onelie the personis resettaris, and sal use na forder 
executioun upoun thame unto the tyme he notifie the mater to the Quenis 
Majestie & counsall & ressave new and speciall direction of thame in that 
behalf. &a." 

Soon after the arrival of the Macdonalds of Keppoch in Rannoch, they 
began to rebuild the dismantled fort or castle of the Isle of Loch Rannoch, 
which by order of James V. had been demolished, the aim being to drive 
the MacGr^ors from the lands of Rannoch, and hold their goods under 



1564] Letter from Queen Mary 139 

Glenurchy's warrant. The Queen kindly interfered in favour of the 

persecuted MacGrcgors. 

Letter from Queen Mary to Colin Campbell of Glenurchy, in reference 
to the MacGregors of Rannoch, &a., dated at Glentilt, in Atholl : — 

" 3rd August 1564.— Traist freind we greit yow wele. We remember we disponit 
* to yow the escheiUs of ccrtaine personis of the Clangregour, duelland in the Ran- 
noch, and be that way sute ye the entries to thair stedingis ; and we ar informit 
that ye have plasit Makrannald in the sam yn rowraes quhairof the heretage pertenis 
to James Meingeis the Laird of Wcym, and thairof Mackgregour had neuir lakkis 
of him. We are suirlie informit that the said Makrannald is akeddy to big ane hous 
and strenth within the He of Loch Rannoch, and to laubour the grind of the lands 
adicentpquhilk hous was castin doun and distroyit at command of our fader of guid 
memory, as yourself hes dlaithe done sen syne. And sen it hes allwayis bene a 
receptacle and refuge to oifendouris we waitt nocht to, quhat effect the bigmg of it 
or any streth in the Heland suld serve without our speciall command and that the 
causis wer of befoir consider it be ws and oir counsale. For to output the Clan- 
Gregour and impute vther brokun men of the like condition, alwwayis sic as of any 
continewance wer wer neuir permanent in our obedienc we jugeit nocht mete nor 
expedient to be done. And thairfoir, our pie dour is that ye causs the werk begun 
in the lie within the said loch to ceiss ; and not that onlie, hot all vther innouaiioun 
quhairof your nychbouris may justelie complene, especiallie the inbringing of strang- 
eris of vther clannis and cuntres. Bot lat all thingis rest without alteratioun our 
returning, and than mete was other at Sanct Johnstoun or Dunde, as ye heir of our 
dyett, quhair we sail tak sik ordour in this behalf as apertenis to your ressonable 
contantamerat. Subscriuit with our hand, at the Luncartis in Glentilth, the third 
day of August 1564, 
** Marie R." 

' — Contemporary Official Copy in Charter Room of Castle Menzies.^ 

" Complaint before the Lords of Council^* Menzies of that Ilk against Campbell 

of Glenurchy and M'^Rannald of Keppoch for wrongous intrusion on his isle in 

Loch Rannoch and its fortification ^ parties cited, and charged to remove from the 

I isle, unless cause be showen for possession. Fortification and placing of broken 

I men and Highlanders therein prohibited.* 

\ *' James Memcies of that Ilk recovers the isle of Loch Rannoch, seized from him 

j at Edinburgh, 19th October 1564, 

^ "Coline Campbell charged *to compeir befoir the Quenis Majestie and thair 

) Lordschipis at Edinburgh ' on 2nd Nov* ' to heir him be decernit to remove himself, 

the said Rannald M'^Rannald, and all utheris, his parlakaris, and servandis, furth of 

the said He in the said Loch Rannoch, and deliuer the sainyn to the said James 

1 "Red and WTiite Book." 



140 History of the Clan Gregor [1564 

Menzies to be usit be him at his plesour thairefter as his heretage.'" — Record of 

Privy Council. 

"1564 July 9. Contract of manrent and protection between Archibald Earl of 
Ergyle, Colyne Campbell of Boquhane Knight, Dugall Campbell of Auchyn- 
brek, James Campbell of Ardinglass, John Campbell of Lochynell, Ewir 
Campbell of Ardgartney, Colyne Campbell Barbrek Johne Campbell of 
Inuerlevir, on the one part and Colyne Campbell of Glenurquhay on the 
other part, against all persons and specially against Gregour M^Gregour son 
to the deceased Alexander M^Gregour of Glenstray his accomplices and assist- 
ants, now being our Sovereign Lad/s rebels and at her Grace's horn for 
suppressing and daunting of their upit>arious and tyrannical attempts, and 
pursuing them with all rigour so long as they remain rebels to the Queen 
and enemies to the said Colyne and his heirs. &a Subscribed by the saids 
parties at Inueraray." 
"1564. Sep*^' 29. Summons in the name of Queen Mary and under the 
signet at Edinburgh on the narrative that a complaint had been made by 
James Menzies of that Ilk, and that whereas he had the lands of Rannoch 
and forest thereof in few farm heritably ; and because Coline Campbell of 
Glenurquhay, and Ranald M'^Ranald M'^Conilglas, under pretext of a gift of 
escheat to the said Colin of the goods of the Laird M'^Grigor the Queen's 
rebel, and at the horn had intruded themselves wrongously in the Isle of 
Lochrannoch, and the said James's lands of Rannoch * be-est the vatter of 
Erachtie' and were bigging and fortifying the said isle to the trouble of the 
whole country ; the said Ranald and his complices being of the Clanrannald 
and Clan Chameroun and * utheris of the maist broken clanns within oure 
realm.' That the said James Meingeis had complained of this to the Queen 
at her late being in AthoUe in the * Lunkairtis' ; where being in her progress 
she could not take order fors reformation thereof, but wrote to the said 
Coline to cease from building in the said isle, and bringing in of strangers 
of other clans and countries, and to meet the Queen on her return, either 
at St. Johnstoun or Dundie where she would take such order as might 
appertain to his reasonable contentment; nevertheless, they had still 
continued to fortify the said isle ; and that when the Queen had given the 
said Coline, gratis the gift of the escheat, it was for the expulsion of the 
ClanGregour and not under pretence of it to fortifie the said isle, which 
strenth had been demolished in her father's time, and again at her command 
by the said Coline; nor had ever command been given to repair it, or 
occupy the said James Meingeis lands, to which the Clangregour had no 
right; far less would it be allowed to place in the same James's lands the 
Clanrannald and Clan Chameroun, who if once permitted to get possession, 
would ever claim kindness thereto: That the said Coline had met the 



1566] Another Letter by Queen Mary 141 

Queen at her home-coming at Perth, and was commanded by our brother 
James, Earl of Murray, to come to Edinburgh to answer the said complaint 
which he had failed to do. Summoning the said Coline, therefore, to 
appear before the Queen and the Lords of her Council within lo days 
after warning." — Contemporary Copy in Castle Menzies Charter Room Red 
and White Book. 

" 1564. Nov. 3. Weyme contra Glenurquhay — 

"The which day anent our Sovereign Ladies Letters purchased by 
James Menzies of that Ilk Against Coline Campbell of Glenurquhay for the 
wrongous intrusion of himself and of Rannald M^Conilglas of Keppach and 
others in his name in the Isle within the Loch Rannoch pertaining heritably 
to the said James, and fortification thereof since the Queen's Majesty's 
inhibition made to the contrary. Delayed till 25. Nov. Defender to 
summon witnesses to prove his exception." — Record of Secret Council 
Acta. 

" 1566. Letter from Queen Mary to the Laird of Weym relative to the Clan- 
Gregour in Rannoch — 

" 1566. August 31st. dated at Drymen. Traist Freind, we greit yow weill. 
We vnderstand that diuerss personis of the Clangregour occupiit and 
inhabit your landis of the Rannoch, fra the quhilk thay wer eiectit the 
tyme of thair rebellioun. Now as ye knaw, we have ressauet thame in our 
peax, and sen thai can not leif without sum rowmes and possesionis, we 
pray and effectuuslie desire yow to permitt thaim to occupie and manure 
the same landis and stedingis quhilkis thai had and broukit of you of 
before, and mak thame ressonable takkis thairvpoun for payment of males 
and dewiteis, vsit and wont as ye will do ws thankfull plesour. — And 
further, quhair as ye may feir to be constrenit to ansuer for the saidis 
personis and thair doyingis, as duelland vpoun your land, be vertew of the 
generall band, we be thair presentis, exoneris, relevis, and dischargis yow of 
your said band in that behalf, sa fer as the samyn may extend towert ony 
personis of the said Clangregour or otheris imputt in your landis be thame ; 
and will and grantis that ye saU na wis be callit, accusit, or in ony wys 
persewit thairfoir, nochtwithstanding the said generall band thairfoir, or ony 
dause thairin contenit or vther lawis or ordinances quhatsumevir, anent the 
quhilkis we dispens be thir presentis. Grevin vnder our signet and subscriuit 
with our hand at Diymen, the last day of August 1566. 

" To our Traist Freynd the Laird of Weym. 

"Marie R." 

— From the Castle Menzies Charter Room. 



Chapter XIII 
James MacGregor, Dean of Lismore and Family 

T^ROM Obituary:— 

" 1564. 7th Dec : Patrick M'^Ayn V^Couill V^Ayn slain by James M^Gestalcar 
at Ardewynnek and buried at Inchaddin in the tomb of his Fathers. 

''1565. June nth. Slaughter of Gregor son of the Dean of Lismore alias 
M*^Gregor and Robert M^Conil V*^Gregor viz in the afternoon of the Penti- 
cost and the house was burnt and they slain by James MS^talker with his 
accomplices and buried in their grave in the Choir of Inchadin (Kenmore). 
A just God judges hidden things and punishes those who do them in the 
third and fourth generation. 

" X565. July 27. James M^Gestalcar V^Phatrik and his accomplices were slain 
by Gregor M'^Gregor of Stronmelocan with his soldiers at Ardowenec. They 
were wicked and oppressors of the poor and the said malefactors could not 
be suffered to live upon the earth. 

" 1565. Item ane gud symmer and harist viz sexte fyv yeris — ^gret hayrschippis 
in mony partis of Scotland, in Stratheme, in lennox in Glenalmond, in 
Breadalbane bayth slattyr and oppressyon beand mayd in syndry vdr partis 
be the Erl of Ergill and McGregor and ther complesis. Siclyk in Strathar- 
dill mony men slain be the men of AthoU and the Stuartis of Lorn." 

The following passages are taken from the introduction by William 
Skene, Esq., to "The Dean of Lismore's Book," a selection of ancient 
gaelic poetry : — 

** In the latter part of the fifteenth and beginning of the sixteenth centuries, 
there dwelt here, the village of Fortingall, a family of the name of Macgregor. 
They were descended from a vicar of Fortingall, who, at the time when, during the 
century preceding the Reformation, the Catholic Church was breaking up, and their 
benefices passing into the hands of laymen, secured for himself and his descendants 
the vicarage of Fortingall and a lease of the Church Lands. 

"Of the history of this family we know something from an obituary commenced 
by one of his descendants, and continued to the year 1579, by the Curate of Fort- 
ingall (Fothergill) which is still preserved. 



Dean of Lismore 143 

" His son (whether Intimate or illegitimate we know not), was Ian Rewych, or 
John the Grizzled, termed Makgewykar or son of the Vicar.^ 

** His Grandson was Dougall Maol, or Dougall the Bald or Tonsured called 
patronymically Dougall Johnson, or the son of John. This Dougall Johnson 
appears in 151 1 as a notary public, and dwelt at TullichmuUin, where his wife 
Katherine, daughter of Donald M^Clawe, alias Grant, died in 151 2. He is twice 
mentioned in the * Obituary or Chronicle of Fortingair ; in 1526, as repairing the 
cross in Inchadin, or the old Church of Kenmore, situated on the north bank of 
the river Tay, nearly opposite Taymouth Castle; and in 1529, as placing a stone 
cross in Larkmonemerkyth, the name of a pass among the hills which leads from 
Inchadin to the south. 

"Of Dougall the Bald, the son of John the Grizzled, we have no farther 
mention ; but of his family we know of two sons, James and Duncan.^ 

"James was a churchman. He appears as a notary-public, an ofEce then held 
by ecclesiastics, along with his father, in the year 1511, and he early attained to 
honour and influence, through what channel is unknown ; for in 15 14, we find him 
as Dean of Lismore, an island in Argyllshire, l3ring between the districts of Lorn 
and Morven, which was at that time the episcopal seat of the Bishops of Argyll. 
He was besides Vicar of Fortingall and Firmarius or tenant of the church lands ; 
and died possessed of those benefices in the year 1551, and was buried in the choir 
of the old church of Inchadin. 

"In 1557, a year after his death, Gregor Macgregor, son of the deceased Sir 
James Macgregor, Dean of Lismore, as became the head of a small, but independent 
sept of the MacGregors, and with a due regard to its safety, bound himself to Colin 
Campbell of Glenurchy and his heirs, ' taking him for his chief in place of the Laird 
of MacGregor,' and giving him his calp. 

" In 1557 Gregor and Dougall MacGregors, natural sons of Sir James Macgregor, 
receive letters of legitimation; and in 1574 Dougall MacGregor appears as Chan- 
cellor of Lismore. 

"It is unnecessary for our purpose to follow the history of this family any 
further ; suffice it to say, that the two brothers James and Duncan, members of a 
Clan which though under the ban of the Government and exposed to the grasping 
aggression of their powerful neighbours, the Campbells of Glenurchy, considered 
themselves as peculiarly Highland, and had high pretensions as descended from the 
old Celtic monarchs of Scotland— connected with the church, and as such possessing 
some cultivation of mind and such literary taste as Churchmen at that time had, 
yet bom and reared in the fsrm house of TullichmuUin, in the secluded vale of 

^ 1542, Dec. Death of Katherine Ne3m Ayn Neill, wife of Ian Rewych Makgewykar, in 
Achlie (Auchline). 

* Duncan M^Cowle voil vie Eoyne Rewych. 



144 History of the Clan Gregor 

Fortingall, and imbued with that love for old Highland story and cherished 
fondness for Highland song, which manifests itself so much in many a quiet 
country Highlander, and which the scenery and associations around them were so 
well calculated to foster — ^the one from his high position in the Church of Argyll, 
having peculiar facilities for collecting the poetry current in the West Highlands — 
the other though his brother, yet as was not uncommon in those days, his servitor 
or amanuensis, and himself a poet — and both natives of the Perthshire Highlands 
— <:ollected and transcribed into a commonplace book, gaelic poetry obtained from 
all quarters.^ 

''This collection has fortunately been preserved. It is, unquestionably, a 
native compilation made in the central Highlands, upwards of three hundred 
years ago." 

" 1564. April 35. at Edinburgh. Edward Reidheugh of Cultebragane became 
surety for Patrik Duncansoun in Glenlednoch Patrik Johnsoun M^Gregour 
there and Patrik his brother That thai and ilk ane of thame sail enter thair 
persones in ward within the Burgh of Perth. 

''May 35. at Edinburgh Archibald Naper of Merchainstoun became plege and 
souertye for the entrie of Neill M^regour M^nvalycht in Tullichchannane 
within the lordschip of Dessoyer * and Toveir." — Record of Justiciary. 

The following is the text of a virarrant given by Queen Mary to the 
avengers of the murder of the son of the Dean of Lismore, which had 
occurred on the 2nd June 1565 : — 

" 1565. June. The Quenis Majestie understanding that Patrick dounk- 
anesoun,* James M^Gregour,* Malcallum Croy M'^Gregour Pitteny,* John 
Cam M*^Condoquhy V^regor in Fortingill,® Malcum M*<Jregour in Drum- 
quharrycht,^ Patrik Johnsoun M^gregour in Glenleidnocht (Innerzaldie),^ 
Patrik his breder,® John M'^Condoquhy M*^gregour thair,* John dun- 
cansoun his broder,* and Neil M^Ane wallicht in Tullyctcannan ^^ ar under 
souerities actid in the buikis of Secrete Counsell and adwumale for keping 

^ Such of these poems as relate to MacGregors are given in Chapter VII. 

* Discher or Deasatdh and Toir or Tuagh— side facing Leven and side £Eicing north respectively, 
of Loch Tay. 

* In Glenleidnoch.— See 35th April 1564, page 93. 
*—•—•— Not yet identified. 

' The place is near Aberfeldy. 

* Also mentioned page 92. 

' These sons of Duncan were also in Glenleidnoch. 

^^ Neil, son of John M^Invallycht— but on 25th April 1264 he is styled son of Gregor. 



1565] Letters of Fire and Sword 145 

of gude rewle and entering agane in certain wardis as thai salbe requirit as the actis 
maid thairupoun at lenth beris And now laitlie umquhile gregour Denesoun in Stwix 
ane peciabill trew man quha witht the personis abune written wes under souertie, is 
cruellie murtherit be certane rebellis for persequwtioun of quhome nane ar mair 
mete nor the above namit personis having thair neir kinsman slane, quhilkis dar 
nocht put on armes and persew the tressonabill murthuraris of the said umqle 
Gregour be reason of thair souerties standand undischargit. And thairfoir the 
Quinis Matie ordanis the Justice Clerk and his deputis and the Secretar and 
his deputis Keparis of the buikis of Secret Counsale to deleit and put forth 
all actis furth of the saidis buikis or uther of thame be the quhilkis the foir- 
saidis personis or thair souerties ar in ony wyss restrictit, for hir hieness having 
sa gude experience of thair gude behaviour the tyme, thinkis nocht expedient 
to retene thame langer under the Band of Caution. Kepand ther presentis for 
thair warrant signed Marie R." — Taken from the original in the Books of Adjournal 
and copied into the " Chartulary." 

This Deed, relieving the relations from their obligation to keep the 
peace and thus authorising them to pursue the murderers, is very remark- 
able, and is specially noticed by Mr Donald Gregory in his " Historical 
Sketch."^ The retribution on the culprits was formally carried out by the 
acting Chief himself, in the month of July, as recorded on the previous page. 

About the same time, however, the following Letter of Fire and Sword 
was issued against the ClanGregor by the Earl of Argyll : — 

"At Dunstafnis the i6. day of June 1565. my Lorde Erie of Ergyle with awyis 
(advice) of his kin, and friends present for the tyme, commandis that all and sindrie 
his subjectis, barrones, gentillmen, and tennentis^ within his boundais, in cais the 
Clangregour now being the Quenis rebellis and enemies to the hous of Glenurquhay 
resort to thair boundis Sail with ane woce concur togidder and rais the schoutt 
aganis thame, and persew thaim with bayth sword and fyre to ther destructioun, and 
givis full commissione to every man within our boundis to tak and apprehend the 
said Clangregour quhairever they may be gotten, and the takeris therof to have their 
escheit to their awin behuif, certifeing quhaevir contravenis this act or favouris or 
concelis the said Clangregour in ony sort that we sail persew thaim be extremite of 
law according to our former act maid theranent. 

" And in cais the said Clangregour gett ony refuge or fortificatioune of ony 
utheris our nychtbouris or cuntremen ewis us, we promise to tak plane pert with 
the said Lard of Glenurquhay in persute of thame and their fortifearis according to 
equitie with our haill force and poeer." 

1 See Chapter XIV. 
T 



146 History of the Clan Gregor [1555-56 

Glenurquhay, in the ground of great abuses committed by him in the 
face of his Bond, was later deprived of his commission to search out the 
Resetters of the ClanGregor. 



Henry and Mary— Discharge of Glenurchy's Commission. 

" 1565. August 25. The King and Queois Majesties understanding that thair 
wes ane commissioun gevin be hir Hienes of befoir to Colene Campbell of 
Glenurquhy, Gevand and committand to him full power to pas serche and 
seik all maner of personis duelland in quhatsumevir partis or places of this 
realme quhilkis in ony time sould happin to resset ony rebellis and surname 
of ClanGregour or thair complices or to furneis thame oppinlie, quietlie or 
be quhatsumevir uther cuUour, meit drink cleythis, armour or utheris 
necessaries and to apprehend and tak thame and send thame to the Justice 
or his deputtis to underly the law thairfoir as the said commissioun of the 
dait at Edinburgh the 8. day of Jan. 1563 mair fullelie proportis. Quhilk 
Commissioun the said Colene hes not onelie alluterlie (utterly) abusit Bot 
alsua under cullour thairof hes be himself and uther evill personis his 
complices, in his name of his causing command, assistance and ratihabitioun ; 
(confirmation) committit. sensyne diverss and sindrie somingis, oppressionis, 
heirschippis, spulzies, yea and crewall slauchteris upoun diverss oure saidis 
soveranis liegis not being rebellis, and thair throw the said commissioun is 
worthie to be dischargeit and annullit. Quhairfoir oure saidis Soveranis be 
thir presentis casses (breks, make void) annullis and dischargeis the said 
commissioun and all points thereof and discemis the samyn to expyre and 
have no forder strenth in tyme cuming for the causes foirsaid ; and ordainis 
letteris to be direct heirupoun to mak publicatioun heirof in forme as efTeris, 
sua that nane of thair graces liegis pretend ignorance herein." — Record of 
Secret Council, Acta, quoted in " Chartulary." 

Complaint against the Macgregors by the tenants in Menteith : — 

"1555-6. Jan. 17. Anent the Complaint presented by Andro Schaw of 
Knockhill, Will. Schaw his sone and apperand heir, James Edmonstoune 
of Ballintone, James Balfour of Boghall, James Balfour of M^Canestoun, 
Archibald Edmonstoune, Agnes Schaw relict of umquhile Alex. Schaw of 
Cambusmoir, and divers others their Majesty's tenants and feuars of their 
proper lands of Menteith are utterly berried, wasted, and destroyed by the 
ClanGregour and other evil doers And in special the lands belonging to the 
complainers foresaid where through they are unable and may not pay the 



1569] Chartulary 1555 to 1569 147 

feu mails thereof until the time the said lands be occupied, laboured, and 
manured by tenants as they were of before, Requiring therefore command 
to be given to the comptroller and Chamberlains to desist and cease from 
all craving and uptaking of the mails of the said waste lands." — Record of 
Secret Council Acta. 
''1555-6. March 21. Remission to Earl of Argyle and others for aiding the 
Duke of Chastelherault .... One of the others mentioned is 'Gr^or 
McGregor of Glenstrae.' "—Record of Privy Seal. 

Chastelherault's insurrection to oppose the kingly dignity of the 
Queen's husband being conferred by Royal Proclamation, instead of by 
Act of Parliament, took place in Sep. 1565. 

From "Chartulary ":— 

"1566 June 17. Precept of Remission to John Murray and Andrew Murray 
for aiding the ClanGregour in their murderous homicides &a. 

"August 31. Menzies of that Ilk on account of the lawless and inde- 
pendant spirit of the ClanGregor in Rannoch as by him pleaded, obtained 
an exemption from answering for these under the Seal and subscription of 
Queen Mary." — Record of Secret Council. 

Contract between the Earl of AthoU and Glenurquhay and their 
friends : — 

" 1569 May 6. At Ballocht. Thairfoir to be bundin that thai sail tak plane, 
leill and trew and afald part in persewing invading and suppressing of all 
sik wickit and ewiU personis and specialie the Clangregour quhay daylie usis 
thame selffis maist horribillie in the forsaidis crymes intolerabill to the leigis 
of thir boundis next liand unto thame and that nether ane of the saidis 
parties sail appoint in ony of the said ClanGregour in ony tyme cuming by 
the avis of utheris ay and quhill thai be brocht under obediens to our 
Souerane Lord, or ellis bannisit the realme or wrekit within the samyn. 
" 1569 Sep. 8. Gift to Alexander Stewart of Pitarreg of the Escheit of . . 
Malcum beg M%rlane 

Duncan Abbrache MacGregour^ 

Gregour Gar M*^Gregour his bruthiri 

Patrik M^Gregour his bruthir alsua^ 

Gregour M^'Gregour of Glenschra^ 

^ The three sons of Gregor, eldest son of Duncan Laddosach, the last of these being usually 
known as Patrick Adholach or Auloch, t.^., brought up in AthoU as was Duncan in Lochaber. 
^ Glenstray. 



148 History of the Clan Gregor 

Malcum Makcoulkeyr zoungar alias M^Gregour^ 

Gregour M^Coulkeir^ 

John M^Coulkeir his brethir^ 

Duncan Macphatrik voir^ 

Allaster M^Robert voir alias M^Gregour in Strathyre^ 

Duncan oig M^Gregour Ardchallie* 

Duncan M^Gregour V^Neill 

James M^Gregour Makkillip in Kallyn 

Robert Moyr V^Caster (Vicalaster) alias M^Gregour. 
now pertaining to oure Souerane Lord be ressoun of escheit throw being of 
the said personis ordourlie denuncit his Majesteis Rebellis and at the home 
for art and part of the slauchter of umquhile Hew Stewart and John Stewart 
his brother committit in the Landis of Balquhidder in Dec 1568."— Record 
of Privy Seal. 

Scotland had again had the misfortune of a long regency till the last 
Regent, the Earl of Morton, was dismissed, and the young King nomin- 
ally took up the reins of government himself in 1577, at the age of 
twelve years. 

An interval in legislation relating to the Highlands appears after 1665-6 
till 1 580-1, when King James VI. began a series of minute and watchful 
l^islation against the ClanGregor, with the intention of pacifying the 
Highlands in general. 

^ Descendants of Dou^^U Ciar. 
" » Not yet identified. 

* Duncan, younger son of Duncan Laddosach, who here is shown still in Ardchoill, he seems to 
have kept the distinctive name of " young " through life. 



Chapter XIV 

CONTINUATION of the "Historical Notices" of Professor Donald 
Gregory, from Chapter III., page 35 : — 

"The ClanGregor had during the reign of James V. become very numerous 
in Balquhidder, and in the adjacent district of Strathearn, and as may well be 
supposed were proportionally annoying to the Lowlands next to that great natural 
boundary by which the Highlands are so strilcingly defined. This appears from 
several passages in the Justiciary Records, and likewise from a deposition made 
before the Lords of Council on 22nd Dec 1530, by John Drummond of Inner- 
peflfray, and William Murray of Tullibardine, to the following effect: That Sir 
John Campbell of Calder, Knight, be authorite, supple and help of the Erie of 
^rgyl^) niay cause the ClanGregour to keep gude rewle within thair boundis, 
siclik as uther pacifeit landis adjacent to them ; and that the Kingis liegis may lief 
in rest and pece for onie skaith to be done be the said ClanGregour, the said 
Sir John bindand him thairfoir with support of the said Erie as said is.^ This 
proceeding was two days after followed by a respite to the ClanGregor from all 
criminal actions for the space of ten days, with licence to them to appear before 
the King and Council within that time 'to wirk and mene for thaim of all 
attemptatts bigane, and to geif plegeis and sufficient securitie for gud rewle in 
tyme to cum.' ^ 

" In making such incursions, the MacGregors did nothing which others of the 
Highland Clans were not more or less in the habit of doing. But as their 
depredations were generally committed in the neighbourhood of Perth or Stirling, 
where the Secret Council often met, and the Sovereign frequently resided, so they 
became peculiarly the terror of the government, and subject consequently to the 
operation of measures which from their extreme severity, as well as from the 
conflicting interests of the great barons employed in putting them into execution, 
failed in producing the desired effect, and only succeeded in forcing this devoted 
Clan to further acts of desperation. By this time indeed, many of the MacGregors 
were under one pretext or another denuded of every lawful means of supporting 
themselves and their families. Is it therefore to be wondered at that they should 
have perpetrated frequent spoliations, impelled as they were by the most necessity ? 

* Acta Dominorum Concilii. " Ibid,^ 4th Dec. 1530. 



150 History of the Clan Gregor [1565 

Such results, however deplorable, flowed naturally and necessarily from the system, 
alike impolitic and inhuman, pursued with lands allied to belong to the Crown ; 
and by which, as we have seen, a numerous tribe wa"^ driven from one degree of 
privation to another, to struggle for existence against those who had law, no doubt, 
as well as power, but hardly justice, on their side. 

"About the year 1560 arose a deadly feud between the MacGregors on one 
side and Sir Colin Campbell of Glenurchy on the other. From the representations 
on the subject to the Secret Council, a Commission of fire and sword was in 1563 
issued to sundry noblemen and barons, against the ClanGregor.^ Of this most 
anomalous production, the precursor of many such in later times, and which, in the 
preambles, indulge like this in the most unqualified abuse of the unfortunate race 
against whom they were directed, a prominent feature is the strict manner in which 
it is directed that the Clan be expelled from all the districts in which they dwelt, 
or to which they were in the habit of resorting, without specifying, or so much as 
hinting at, any other district into which they might be received. The impolitic and 
remorseless severity of this measure, which could only have been carried into effect 
by a universal massacre, naturally rendered it abortive. Another commission was 
accordingly next year (1564) issued to two only of the nine former commissioners,^ 
from which we may infer that the former had not answered it's purpose. 

" Sir Colin Campbell of Glenurchy had, about the date of the first of these 
commissions, been individually armed with a separate and additional commission of 
fire and sword against the Harbourers of the ClanGregor, in whatever part of the 
kingdom* — a proof that the Secret Council not only neglected to provide a place 
to which the ClanGregor might, when ejected from their homes, retire, but absol- 
utely attempted to exclude them from every spot on which they might, on retiring, 
seek shelter, or even existence. Sir Colin, under colour of his individual commis- 
sion, perpetrated on the lieges, as appears, atrocities not inferior to those alleged 
against the ClanGregor ; and in consequence of a regular complaint by the barons 
and landlords of Stratheam, was, in the following year, threatened with loss of his 
commission, and in 1565, having been deaf to remonstrance, and persevering in the 
most intolerable outrages, actually deprived of it. 

" As Glenurchy had been thus pre-eminent in severity against all whom he chose 
to suspect of tenderness towards the persecuted ClanGregor, we may fairly presume 
that his conduct towards the latter was not remarkable for moderation. In the 
manuscript history, indeed, of the Campbells of Glenurchy, and in a passage written 
by order of his son and successor, it is expressly asserted of him that ' he wes ane 
greit Justiciar all his time, throch the quhilk he sustenit that deidly feid of the Clan- 
Gregour ane lang space ; and, besides that he causit execut to the death mony nota- 
bill lymmaiis, he beheidet the Laird of Makgregour himselff, at Kenmor, in presence 

^ Record of Secret Council, ad annum 1563. * The Earb of Argyle and Athol. 

* Record of Secret Council, ad annum 1563, and ibid, 1564. 



1570 Gregory's Historical Notices 151 

of the Erie of Athole, and the Lord Justice Clerk, and sindry other nobill men.' 
With the assistance as appears of Macdonald of Keppoch he invaded Rannoch, the 
ClanGregor's stronghold. His proceedings, however, on this occasion were form- 
ally complained of by the Laird of Weyme ; whence we may infer that, in this, as 
in other instances, Glenurchy had overleaped the limits of his double and but too 
ample commission. 

" There occurs in the history of the Clan at this time a singular instance of the 
weakness of Government, and of the difficulty of administering the laws in the then 
state of the Highlands. A number of the best disposed of the MacGregors had, on 
being charged to that effect, given hostages and found security for their good be- 
haviour. While under this obligation one of them lost his life in a private feud 
with some neighbouring Highlanders. His kinsmen eager for revenge, but at the 
same time deterred by the penalty in the bond from taking it on the spot, applied 
to the Sovereign (Queen Mary), and obtained, not the trial of the alleged culprits, 
but a warrant to relieve themselves from their obligation to keep the peace, seeing, 
as the warrant expresses it, * that nane ar mair mete for persequutioun of the tres- 
sonabili murthouraris of the said umqle Gregor nor the foimamit persones hauing 
thair neir kinsman slane quhilkis dar nocht put on armes and persew the said 
murthouraris be ressoun of thair souerteis standand undischargeit'^ 

" It cannot be surprising that the disorders of the ClanGregor, far from being 
suppressed, should under such a government, have increased with each succeeding 
year. We find accordingly, that in the year 1566, the tenants and feuars of Men- 
teith presented to the Government a supplication praying to be relieved from pay- 
ment of their rents and duties, the whole Lordship having, as stated in the complaint, 
been laid waste by the ClanGregor.* 

" That the ClanGregor were in many instances the tools merely of their more 
powerful neighbours is highly probably. The celebrated George Buchanan, in a 
political pamphlet, printed and circulated in 157 1) alluding to the Hamilton 
Faction, introduces, as illustrative of this theme, a passage descriptive of the then 
known state of society in Scotland. ' Howbeit,' says he, * the buUerant blude of a 
King and a Regent about thair hartis quhairof the lust in thair appetite gevis thame 
little rest dayly and hourly making neu provocatioun ; yit the small space of rest 
quhilk thay haue beside the executioun of thair crewaltie thay spend in devising of 
generall unquyetness thro' the haill countrie; for, nocht content of it that thay 
thameselffis may steal, bribe, and reave, thay set out ratches on euerie side to gnaw 
the pepillis banes, after that thay haue consumit the fiesch, and houndis out, ane of 
thame the Clan Gregour, another the Grantis and Clanquhattane, another Balcleugh 
and Faimyhirst, another the Johnstounis and Armstrangis,'* The peculiar circum- 

1 Warrant preserved in the Books of Adjournal, dated in June 1565. — See next chapter. 

* Record of Secret Council, 1566. 

' Admonitoun direct to the trew Lordis. — Book of Taymouth. 



152 History of the Clan Gregor [1584-85 

stances, doubtless, in which the ClanGregor had been so long placed in relation to 
their ancient possessions, must have disposed them to enter with alacrity into every 
plan, however violent and rapacious, by which they might have the slightest chance 
to better their condition ; and more particularly as, in any event, they had nothing 
to lose. 

''In 1 58 1 an act of the Legislature, reprehensible for it's glaring iniquity, was 
passed under the title of * Ane additioun to the Actis maid aganis notorious Theiffis 
and Somaris of Clannis.' By this it was made lawful for any individual who might 
happen to sustain damage from a notorious thief, or from a ruffian insisting to be 
an inmate of a family, living at its expense, and on the best it could produce, pro- 
vided the actual delinquent could not be laid hold of, to apprehend and slay the 
bodies, and arrest the goods of any of the Clan to which the culprit belonged, until 
satisfaction was made to the injured party by the rest of the said Clan. This act 
must have been severely felt by the ClanGregor, whose feud with the family of 
Glenurchy still continued to rage with unabated animosity. About this time accord- 
ingly Gregor MacGregor of Glenstray, Laird of MacGregor, was executed by Duncan 
Campbell, younger, of Glenurchy. 

" As there is something singular in the history of the MacGregors of Glenstray, 
the noticing of a few particulars concerning them may not be irrelevant. Soon after 
the extinction, whether real or apparent, of the very ancient family of Glenurchy, 
we find a branch of the ClanGregor holding the small estate of Glenstray, 20 merks 
old extent, as vassals of the Earl of Argyle. The MacGregors of Glenstray were 
allied matrimonially to most of the principal families of the name of Campbell ; 
and so long as they continued to hold their lands of the Argyle family, they appear 
to have flourished, so as to become, in process of time, the most consequential 
house of their Clan. On the other hand, when the Earl of Argyle had conveyed 
the superiority of Glenstray to Campbell of Glenurchy, which he did in 1554, 
these Macgregors shared the wretched fate of the rest of the Clan, as it was 
obviously the great aim of the Glenurchy family to get rid of every vassal of the 
name of MacGregor. They refused to enter Gregor MacGregor MacGregor of 
Glenstray as heir to his father, on the ground possibly of his being a rebel in the 
eye of the law ; and after the death of Gregor, who as formerly mentioned was 
executed by Campbell, younger, of Glenurchy, they denied the proper feudal 
investiture to his son AUaster, who in 1590 was legally ejected from the lands of 
Glenstray, on the assertion that he was merely tenant of these lands against the 
will of the proprietor as Sir Duncan was pleased to style himself. We see then 
that this tipe the leading family of the name of MacGregor was in no better 
situation than others of the landless Clan. 

"In January 1584-5 the Secret Council summoned several of the Highland 
Chiefs and Barons connected with Perthshire and Argyleshire, and amongst the rest 
Ewin MacGregor, Tutor of Glenstray, to appear personally before the King and 



1 591] Gregory's Historical Notices 153 

Council, to answer to such things as should be inquired at them touching the 
suppression of the Lymmars and broken men of the Highlands, by whom the 
countries of Lennox^ Menteith, Stirlingshire, and Strathearn had, as alleged, been 
cruelly harassed. What proceedings, if any, were adopted by the Council, does 
not appear. It is probable that they now, however, commenced the draft of a long 
act of parliament, vulgarly called ' the General Band,' and which was passed in 
1587. By one of the many sections of this voluminous act, it was declared that 
theft committed by landed men should be reckoned treason, and punished as such. 
It was farther ordained, that the Captains, Chiefs, and Chieftains of the Ckins, 
both Border and Highland, be noted in a roll, and obliged under pain of fire and 
sword, to surrender to the King and Council certain pledges or hostages, liable to 
suffer death if redress of injuries were not made by the persons for whom they lay. 
We shall presently have occasion to see the attempts made, under the operation of 
this act, to reduce the ClanGregor to obedience. 

"The slaughter of Drummondemoch, Under King's Forrester of Glenartney, 
said to have been committed in 1589 or 1590, by some of the ClanGregor, induced 
the Secret Council to grant in 1590 a commission of fire and sword to various 
noblemen and gentlemen, for pursuit of the whole Clan, of whom nearly 200 are 
mentioned nominatim in the commission and which is said to have been executed 
with extreme severity in the district of Balquhidder especially, and around 
Locheam. 

'^In July 159 1 Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy had a commission of fire 
and swoid against the ClanGregor, who are described as being for the most part 
rebels, and at the horn for divers horrible crimes and offences committed by them ; 
and also against their harbourers ; with power to convocate the lieges of Breadalbane 
and the adjacent districts to aid in the execution. The various noblemen and 
barons of these countries are enjoined under severe penalties to aid Sir Duncan 
with all power. The King as stated in the commission had been informed of 
certain bonds of maintenance subsisting between Sir Duncan on the one part, and 
some of the more leading individuals of the ClanGregor on the other, and between 
the last mentioned and sundry others of the noblemen, barons, and gentlemen ; 
and which if suffered to remain in force might, as was thought, hinder the execution 
of the commission. All such bonds were therefore declared void and null, and 
Glenurchy strictly prohibited from entering into any engagements of this nature. 
Six months however, had scarce elapsed when Sir Duncan obtained his Majesty's 
licence to enter into bonds of friendship with the MacGregors, including an 
oblivion of all past animosities and authorising him to liberate such of the Clan as 
were then in his custody, in consequence as may be presumed, of his fidelity in the 
discharge of his late commission against them. In virtue of the royal licence, a 
contract was entered into by the principal barons in the Highlands of Perthshire, 
among others Sir Duncan Campbell on one part, and Allaster Roy MacGregor of 

U 



154 History of the Clan Gregor [1596 

Glenstray, having 26 of the leading persons of the ClanGregor as his sureties, on 
the other. The parties became bound to abstain from mutual slaughters and 
depredations ; and in any disputes that might arise, to renounce their own juris- 
dictions, and submit to the commissariat of Dunblane. The youthful Laird of 
MacGregor soon found to his confusion that he had undertaken a task beyond his 
strength ; nor was it long ere he incurred the usual penalties of the law for non- 
fulfilment. 

"On ist Feb: 1592-3, Archibald seventh Earl of Argyle, whilst yet in his 
nonage, had from the King and Council, a commission ' aganis all and sindrie of 
the wicked ClanGregour and the Stewartis of Balquhidder ' j with power to charge 
them by his precept to appear before him, to find surety, or to enter pledges for 
the preservation of peace and order, as the Earl should think most expedient. 
Recusants were given over to the discipline of fire and sword; and Argyle 
empowered to convocate the lieges within the sheriffdoms of Bute, of Tarbet, 
and of so much of those of Perth and Stirling as lay within 21 parishes specified, 
for pursuit of the persons of the ClanGregor and the Balquhidder Stewarts. A 
proclamation accordingly was issued to all the barons and landed gentlemen within 
the districts above mentioned, to assist with their whole force; whilst 15 principal 
householders of the name of Macgregor were ordained to be charged to appear 
before Argyll as his Majesty's Justice General and Lieutenant in those parts, on a 
certain and early day, to answer to such things as should be laid to their charge 
touching their obedience to the laws, under pain of being held * part-takers ' with 
the ' broken men ' of the Clan in all their wicked deeds and punished accordingly. 
About this time, those barons and gentlemen who had the ClanGregor as tenants, 
and who in the Records are forensically styled 'landlords of the ClanGregor' 
forced by the severe enactments of the General Band, which made every landlord 
answerable for the misdemeanours of his tenants, began to take measures for an 
universal ejection of the Clan from their possessions ; and as far as the forms of 
law could go, numerous ejectments did in consequence take place, — to such an 
amount indeed, that when, in July 1596, the Laird of MacGregor appeared 
personally before the King and Council at Dunfermline, and bound himself for 
the good behaviour of his Clan, there was as may confidently be affirmed, scarce a 
single farm occupied by a MacGregor, unless by force, and in defiance of the 
proprietor. On this occasion the Chief after acknowledging his past ofifences and 
expressing his contrition, promised to remain in attendance on the King, as a 
hostage for the obedience of his tribe. He seems however, to have soon become 
tired of this unwonted thraldom, where he found himself out of his natural element 
and to have made his escape to the mountains. 

"Situate as this unfortunate Gentleman, and his no less unfortunate Clan, now 
were, they appeared to Argyle (who although only a youth, had already begun to 
distinguish himself by that crafty policy which marked the whole of his long and 



IS99] Gregory's Historical Notices 155 

crooked career) fit instruments for extending his power and influence in the 
Highlands and for avenging his private quarrels, as will be illustrated in the 
sequel ; and it will scarcely be believed that distant tribes under the order of this 
nobleman plundered and laid waste the lands occupied by the ClanGregor, in order 
no doubt, that the measures of retaliation which the latter were expected to adopt, 
might still farther widen the breach between them and the constituted authorities, 
and make them more ready to follow the perfidious councils of this arch-dissimulator. 
The Laird of MacGregor, however, took the uncommon step of resorting to a Court 
of law for redress, being induced to this probably, by the persuasions of his real 
friends or by the heavy penalties under which he lay. He succeeded in obtaining 
a sentence of the Court for a large sum of damages ; but as may be supposed, it 
was easier to obtain the sentence than to put it in execution in a state of society 
of which some notion may be formed from the terms of a protest taken by 
MacGregor's Counsel in this suit. ' that the Laird of Macgregor and his kyn, wer 
the first sen King James ist his tyme that cam and sought justice.' This assertion 
cannot be taken literally but there must evidently have existed good grounds for 
making it 

''In May 1599, the Barons on whose lands any of the Clan resided were 
charged to produce before the King and Council on 3d July, each of them the 
persons of the name of MacGregor for whom he was bound to answer; and the 
Chief and his whole Clan were charged to appear on the same day, ' to underlye 
such order as should be taken with them touching the weal and quietness of the 
country.' On 25th July * Ofieris for Allaster Makgregour of Glenstray ' were in his 
name presented to the King by Sir John Murray of Tullibardine, Knight, Sir 
Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy Klnight, and John Grant of Freuchy (known as the 
Laird of Grant).^ 

''In pursuance of these offers various proceedings took place, in which the 
anxiety of the Council to reduce the ClanGregor to obedience without undue 
severity is very manifest. All their good intentions however were secretly firustrated 
by Argyle, who undid in the Highlands, what had been done at Court whilst the 
whole blame meanwhile rested upon the unfortunate Laird of MacGregor, who was 
charged by the Council with having dishonourably violated his most solemn 
engagements. For proof of this assertion reference is made to the dying 

declaration of MacGregor, and likewise to a statement made by the 

gentlemen who had become his sureties, that the 'default of the not entrie of the 
said Allaster with his said pledge, at the peremptour day appointit to that effect, 
wes not in thame (the sureties) bot proceidit upoun sum occasionis quhilk intervenit 
and fell oute befoir the day of his entrie, quhilkis discourageit and terrifiet him to 
keip the first dyet' 

" At last the King and Council in dispair of reducing the Clan to the obedience 
» These ** Oflferis " are given in full,— Chapter XXV. 



156 History of the Clan Gregor [1603 

of the laws by the existing plan, constituted the Earl of Argyle his Majesty's 
Lieutenant and Justice in the whole bounds inhabited by the ClanGregor, and 
invested him with the most ample powers, extending over as well the harbourers 
of the MacGregors as the MacGregors themselves ; and it was provided that the 
former should be responsible for the crimes of those of the latter to whom they 
might give shelter and protection. The commission was to continue in force for 
a year, and longer if not specially discharged ; and the King promised not to show 
favour or to grant pardon to any of the Macgregors during the continuance of the 
commission, but to remit them and their suits to the EarVs disposal. 

"Under Argyle's administration, the Clan, as might be expected from the 
policy pursued by that nobleman, became daily more troublesome to the Lowlands, 
and to such of the proprietors more particularly who had the misfortune to be at 
feud with Aigyll. The Lairds of Buchanan and Luss suffered severely from the 
incursions of the ClanGregor ; and those of Ardkinlass and Ardincaple escaped 
assassination only by the Laird of MacGregor's refusal to execute in their cases the 
revolting fiats of the King's Lieutenaut. Finally in the spring of 1603 at the 
instigation of Argyle couched probably in the most imperious terms, MacGregor 
with his men of Rannoch invaded the Lennox, and fought the celebrated conflict of 
Glenfrune, opposed by the Colquhouns and their friends and dependants; and 
having routed these with great carnage, ravaged the whole district, and carried off 
an immense booty. 

"The King and Council, horrified by the intelligence of this hostile inroad, 
proceeded to take the most severe measures for bringing the offenders to justice. 
A series of sanguinary enactments against the unhappy ClanGregor was crowned 
by that of the proscription of the names of Gregor and MacGregor under pain of 
death, which bears date 3d April 1603.^ Argyll was the first to turn upon the 
unfortunate chief, whom, and several gentlemen of his Clan, he betrayed in 
circumstances peculiarly infamous, and all inquiry into the origin of the raid was 
studiously stifled to save the Earl. The Declaration however of his victim 
produced on the trial, and preserved in the original, distinctly charges Argyll 
with having caused MacGregor not only to violate engagements under which he 
had come to the King and Council in 1599, as above detailed, but to commit many 
of the crimes for which he was about to sufier death.^ 

^ See Excerpts of Record of Secret Council in the EaM of Haddington's G)llection, preserved 
in the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh. The volume or volumes, whence these Excerpts for the 
years 1603-4-5 were taken, are unfortunately missing. — D. Gregory. 

' This is evident from there being a packed jury on the trial of the Laird of MacGregor, 
notwithstanding the notoriety of the crimes charged, and from the indecent haste which mark the 
whole of the proceedings in Edinbuigh ; not to mention from Calderwood's History, and other 
sources, that seven gentlemen of the name of MacGregor were executed along with the Laird of 
MacGregor without a trial, although, as asserted by the candid historian, ''reputed honest for their 
own parts." — D. Gregory. 



i603] Gregorys Historical Notices 157 

*' I have thus, in the preceding pages, endeavoured to show that the causes of 
the proscription of the ClanGregor were closely connected with the impolitic 
S3rstem on which the ancient crown lands were managed; and that this Clan 
suffered more severely under that system than others from having lost their early 
freehold possessions, or at least the greater part of these by forfeiture, as early as 
the reign of King Robert Bruce, and being thus deprived of that weight in the 
Councils of a rude nation which uniformly accompanies the possession of extensive 
land-property. This view is farther confirmed by a fact that I have lately 
discovered, that King James V. actually proscribed the Clan Chattan by acts 
equally severe with those directed by his grandson against the ClanGregor. 
Wherein consisted the difference between the two Clans ? The answer is obvious. 
The Captain of the Clan Chattan and several of the chief gentlemen of his tribe, 
held extensive possessions under the Crown, and were thus in a manner inde- 
pendent of the great families in the neighbourhood. How different the case was 
with the ClanGregor we have already seen ; and the fate of the Macdonalds of 
Glencoe (who were in other respects more favourably situated) is nearly parallel to 
that of the MacGregors and may be traced to the same causes." 



Chapter XV 
MacGregor of Glenstray 

RETURNING to the MacGregors of Glenstray it was noted in Chapter 
V.^ that John of Glenstray died of the hurt of an arrow, and was 
succeeded by his brother. 

VI. Gregor Roy MacGregor of Glenstray, who was never infeofed in 
this property although bearing the title of it. Archibald Earl of Argyll 
sold the superiority of the twenty markland of Glenstray to Colin Campbell 
of Glenurquhay in 1556, and granted the ward and marriage of Gregor 
MacGregor, heir of the late AUaster, to him. 

The "Black Book of Taymouth" contains the following short 
history : — 

" Gregor Roy his (John's) brother succeidit to him The said Gregour Roy mariet 
the Laird of Glenlyoun's dochter, * by whom he had ' Allaster M^Gregour and Johne 
Dow M*^Gregour his brother, the foresaid Gregour wes execute be Coline Campbell 
of Glenurquhay." 

Possibly Sir Colin might have befriended him if he had been willing to 
give up his own Clan, but Gregor evidently preferred to cast in his lot with 
his persecuted brethren. His name is found in several of the complaints 
against the MacGregors, and in 1563 we have seen in a previous page* 
that he endeavoured to " fortify " himself, as it was called, by a treaty of 
alliance with Stewart of Appin, a family who had also " trokings " with 
MacGregor of Roro; but there is no evidence of his having led any 
great outbreak, and the notices of the Clan in the twenty years succeed- 
ing the death of Duncan Ladosach and his son Gregor, also called Roy, 
not having been specially turbulent, it must be supposed that there were 

1 At page 55. « Chapter XII., page 132. 



MacGregor of Glenstray 159 

some feuds, the history of which has not been transmitted, or other causes 
to excite the malignity of Glenurquhay and as it seems the displeasure 
of the Government. Tradition appears to confound the death of Duncan 
Ladosach with that of young Glenstray; both deeds were the work of 
Glenurquhay, but it is apparently to the latter to whom reference is made in 
the Biography of Sir Colin in the " Black Book " : " he beheiddit the laird 
off M^Gregour himselff at Kandmoir in presens of the Erie of Atholl, the 
justice clerk and sundrie other noblemen." 

"In 1569. A commission was given to the Laird of Glenurchy to * justify' 
Gregor McGregor of Glenstray, who was accordingly beheaded on the green 
of Kenmore." — Breadalbane Papers in Report of The Historical Commission. 

"Obituary. 1570 the 7. day of Apryll Gregor M*^Gregor of Glensra heddyt at 
Balloch." 

There have been conflicting theories as to the hero of the beautiful 
gaelic song "Cumha Ghriogair MhicGhriogair," but from tradition and 
various circumstances it seems probable that Gregor of Glenstray was the 
Gregour Roy nam Bassan gheal (of the white hand or palm), and from the 
" Black Book " his marriage with a daughter of Campbell of Glenlyon has 
been ascertained. The gaelic words of this old lament are here given 
with the English translation, both copied from the "Killin Collection 
of Gaelic Songs" by Charles Stewart, Esq., Tighnduin Killin, which 
has the following preface giving the Glenlyon tradition of the 
story : — 

" In the latter half of the sixteenth century lived Duncan Campbell of Glenlyon 
who was so celebrated for his hospitality that he was known as * Donnacha Ruadh 
na Feilach.' His residence was 'Caisteal a Curin-bhan' about two miles above 
the pass. He had a daughter whom he intended giving in marriage to the Baron 
of Dall, on the south side of Loch Tay. The daughter was of a different opinion 
for having met with young Gregor MacGregor of Glenstrae she gave up to him her 
heart's wannest affections and which he fully returned. In spite of all opposition^ 
she left her father's house, and married him. Duncan was bitterly vexed, and so 
were the then heads of the eastern Campbells, Sir Colin of Glenurchay and his son 
'Black Duncan.' In consequence Gregor and his wife were followed with the 
most unrelenting enmity. They were often obliged to wander from place to place, 
taking shelter in caves under rocks, and in thickets of woods. On the night 
preceding the 7. of April 1570, they had rested under a rock on a hillside above 
Loch Tay. Next morning after taking such breakfast as in the circumstances they 



i6o History of the Clan Gregor 

could compass, the young wife sat herself on the ground, and dandled her young 
babe in her arms whilst Gregor was fondly plajdng with it This endearing episode 
of pure love and affection was ruthlessly broken in upon. In an instant they were 
surrounded by a band of their foes, and carried off to Balloch. Gregor was at once 
condemned to death, and beheaded at Kenmore in presence of Sir Colin; his 
wife, daughter of the Ruthven, who looked out of an upper window; Black ^ 



*CuMHA Ghriogair MhicGriogair. 

" Ochan, ochan, ochan, uirigh, 
'S goirt mo chridhe a laoigh ; 
Ochan, achan, ochani uirigh, 
Cha chiuinn d' athair ar caoidh. 

1 Moch 'sa' mhadain ]k di-D6mhnaich 
Bha mi 'siigradh marri 'm ghr^dh, 
Ach, m' an d' thainig meadhon latha 
'S mise bha air mo chradh. 

2 Mallach aig maithibh 's aig durdean, 
Rinn mo chrkdh air an dbigh ; 
Thainig gun f hios air mo ghrkdhsa, 
'S thug fo smachd e le foill. 

3 Na 'm bhiodh da-fhear-dheug d' a chinneach 
'S mo Ghriogair air an ceann, 

Cha bhiodh mo shuil a sileadh dheur, 
No mo leanabh fein gun daimh. 

4 Chuir iad a cheann air ploc daraich 
Is dhoirt iad 'f huil mu 'n 1^, 

Na 'm biodh agamsa sin cupan, 
Dh' blainn di mo shkth. 

5 'S truagh nach robh m' athair ann an galar, 
Agus Cailein ann am plaigh, 

Ged bhiodh nighean an Ruthainaich 
Suathadh bhas a' s laimh. 

^ The teit is here interrupted to allow the Gaelic song to be opposite the translation. 
^ From the Killin Collection of Gaelic Songs by Charles Stewart of Tighnduin. 



Lament for Grigor MacGrlgor i6i 

Duncan; AthoU the Lord Justice Clerk, and Duncan Campbell, of Glenlyon. 
Most pitiful of all, the unutterably wretched wife was forced to witness her 
Husband's execution. Immediately thereafter, with her babe in her arms she 
was driven forth by her kindred helpless and houseless. The kindness however 
thus cruelly denied, was abundantly given by others who sorely pitied her sad case. 
In her great anguish she composed the song that follows, and sung it as a lullaby 
to her babe : — 



Lament for Grigor MacGrigor. 

(Translation by Charles Stewart.) 

'' Ochan, ochan, ochan, ooree. 
Breaks my heart my own wee dear, 
Ochan, ochan, ochan, ooree. 
Thy slain father cannot hear. 

1 Early on last Sunday morning, 
I was joyous with my love ; 

Ere that noonday had passed o'er us 
I was pierced with sudden grief. 

2 Cursed be nobles and my kindred^ 
Who have sorely stricken me ; 

Foul betrayed my own heart's darling. 
Seized him fast and laid him low. 

3 Were there twelve men of his clanship, 
And my Grigor them to lead, 

My sad eyes were not thus streaming. 
Nor my child so sore bereft. 

4 His dear head upon an oak-block. 
They have placed, and shed his blood ; 
Could I have a cup of that, then 

Ah, how deeply could I drink. 

5 Oh ! that Colin were plague-smitten, 
And my father in sore pain, 
Whilst the daughter of the Ruthven, 
Rubbed her hands and palms in vain. 

X 



1 62 History of the Clan Gregor 

6 Chuirinn Cailein liath fo ghlasaibh, 
'S * Donnacha Dabh' an laimh ; 

'S gach Caimbeulach a bha am Bealach 
Gu giulan nan glas-laimh. 

7 Rainig mise r^idhlein Bhealaich^ 
'S cha d' fhuair mi ann tamh. 

Cha d' fhag mi rbinn do m' fhalt gun tarruing, 
No craicionn air mo laimh. 

8 'S truagh nach robh mi 'n riochd na h-uiseig 
Spionnadh Ghriogair ann mo lamh, 

'Si chlach ab 'airde anns a chaisteal 
Clach ab 'fhaisg do 'n bhHtr. 

9 'S truagh nach robh Fionnlairg na lasair, 
*S Bealach mor na smkl, 

'S Griogair bin nam basa geala, 
Bhi eadar mo dha laimh. 



10 'S ged tha mi gun ubhlan agam, 
'S ubhlan uile aig Htch, 

'S ann tha m' ubhal cubhraidh grinn, 
A 's cul a' chinn ri 1^. 

11 Ged tha mnaithibh ch^ch aig baile 
Na 'n iaidhe 's na cadal seimh, 

'S ann bhios mise aig bruaich mo leapa, 
A bualadh mo dha laimh. 

12 'S mor a bannsa bhi aig Griogair, 
Air feadh choille 's fraoich, 

Na bhi aig Baran crion na Dalach, 
An tigh cloich a 's aoil. 

13 'S mor bannsa bhi aig Griogair, 
Cur a chruidh do 'n ghleann, 

Na bhi aig Baran crion na Dalach, 
Ag ol air fion 's air leann. 



Lament for Grigor MacGrigor 163 



6 Grey haired Colin I would dungeon. 
And ' Black Duncan ' make secure, 
Every Campbell within Balloch 

In chained wristlets, I'd make sure. 

7 When I reached the plains of Balloch, 
There no resting place I found ; 

Not one hair left I untom, 
Nor my palms one shred upon. 

8 Could I fly as does the sky-lark 
I'd tear Grigor from their hands, 
And the highest stone in Balloch 
As the lowest I would lay. 

9 Oh, for Finlarig in blazes, 

And proud Balloch steeped in flames. 
Whilst my Grigor, the white palmed one. 
In my arms then rested safe. 

10 Though now reft of my own loved one, 
WhUst all others have their own, 

One I had both fragrant, lovely, 
But his head is lowly laid. 

11 When the wives of all my kindred 
Are deep wrapt in balmy sleep. 
On my bed I sit sad weeping. 
And my hands I wring in grief. 

12 Fain would I be with my Grigor, 
On the heath, Or 'mongst the woods. 
Than of Dallach the wee Baron's 
Housed in walls of stone and lime. 

13 Fain would I be with my Grigor, 
Driving cows along the glen. 
Than of Dalach the wee Baron's, 
Drinking beer and quafling wine. 



164 History of the Clan Gregor 

14 'S mor a bannsa bhi aig Griogair, 
Fo brata ruibeach roinn, 
Na bhi aig Baran crion na Dalach, 
Giiilan si6d a 's sroil. 

15 Ged biodh cur a 's cathath ann, 
A 's ' latha no seachd sion/ 
Gheibheadh Griogair dhomsa cragan, 
'S an caidlimid fo dhion. 

Ba hu, ba ho, aisrain bhig, 
Cha 'n 'eil thu fathasd ach tl^th, 
'S eagal learn nach tig an latha, 
Gun diol thu d' athair gu brJtth." 

The compiler of " The Lairds of Glenlyon " records his version of the 
Glenlyon tradition on the subject of Gregor MacGregor of Glenstrae's 
marriage to be that her father, Duncan Roy Campbell of Glenlyon, was 
friendly to Gregor, although probably obliged to follow the lead of his 
chief, Colin Campbell, at the last. In this work the following prose 
version of the translation is somewhat closer to the original : — 

'*0n Lammas mom I rejoiced with my love: ere noon my heart was pressed 
with sorrow. 

" Ochain, ochain, ochain, uiridh, 
Sad my heart my child : 
Ochain, ocham, ochain, uiridh, 
Thy father hears not our moan. 

" Under ban be the nobles and friends who pained me so : who unawares came 
on my love, and overmastered him by guile. Ochain &c. 

'' Had there been twelve of his race, and my Gregor at their head, my eyes 
would not be dim with tears, nor my child without their father. Ochain &c. 

''They laid his head upon an oaken block: they poured his blood on the 
ground : oh had I there a cup I would drink of it my fill. 

''Oh that my father had been sick, and Colin in the plague, and all the 
Campbells in Balloch wearing manacles. 

" I would have put ' Gray Colin ' under lock and ' Black Duncan ' in a dungeon^ 
though Ruthven's daughter would be wringing her hands. 

" I went to the plains of Balloch, but rest found not there: I tore the hair from 
my head, the skin from my hands. 



Lament for Grigor MacGrigor 165 

14 Fain would I be with my Grigor, 
'Neath a wrapper torn and bare, 
Than of Dalach the wee Baron's, 
Silks and gauzes as my wear, 

15 Though it snowed, and though it drifted, 
On a * day of seven blasts ' 

Yet a crag my Grigor found me. 
Where I warmly there could rest 

Ba hu, ba ho, my own wee dearie, 
Thou art but a little child, 
E'en in manhood, I much fear me. 
You his death can't full redean." 

" Had I the wings of the lark the strength of Gregor in my arms, the highest 
stone in the castle would have been the one next the ground. 

" Oh that Finlarig were wrapped in flames, proud Taymouth lying in ashes, and 
fair haired Gregor of the white hands in my embrace. 

" All others have apples : I have none : my sweet lovely apple has the back of 
his head to the ground. 

" Other men's wives sleep soft in their homes : I stand by the bedside wringing 
my hands. 

" Better follow Gregor through heath and wold, than be with the mean little 
Baron of Dall^ in a house of stone and lime. 

" Better be with Gregor puttmg the cattle to the glen, than with the mean little 
Baron drinking wine and beer. 

" Better be with Gregor under sackcloth of hair, than wear silken sheen as the 
mean Baron's bride. 

"Though it snowed and drifted, and was a day of sevenfold storm Gregor would 
find me a rock, in whose shelter we might lie secure. 

" Ba hu, ba hu, my orphan young. 
For still a tender pUmt art thou 
And much I fear the day wont come 
When thou shalt earn thy father's fame." 

The latter version is much tamer, and the last verse especially seems 
to miss the widow's longing that her boy should revenge his father's 
murder. 

^ A MacOmie or son of Thomas, 



1 66 History of the Clan Gregor 

The following letter addressed by Sir Colin Campbell of Glenurquhay 
to Gregor M^Ane, keeper of the Castle of Glenurquhay, only a few months 
after the execution of Gregor of Glenstray, shows the old Knight in a very 
different light ; kind, considerate, and cheerful to a curious degree for a 
man who acted as executioner by choice : — 

"1570 August 1 8. Gregor M*^Ane— I commend me hartilie to yow. M*^Callum 
Dow hes schawin me quhow the Clangregour hes tain up your geir, and your puir 
tenentis geir, the quhil I pray yow tak no thocht of, for albeit I haf na ky to 
recompanss yow instantlie, I sail God willinge mak yow and youris suir of rowmis 
that sail mak yow mair profeit nor the geir that ye have tint at this tyme, ye beand 
ane trew and faythfuU seruand to me. And gif the puir men that wantis geir 
duellinge onder yow be trew to yow, tak thame into the place upoun my expenssis, 
and gif to thair wyffis and baimiss of my victuall to sustein thame as ye think 
expediant I pray yow have the place weill provydit with sic fumeshing as ye ma 
get, and spair nowther my geir nor yat your awin for God leuwinge us our heilthis 
we will get geir enewche. I pray yow and als commandis yow that ye lat nain 
within the place but your awin traist seruandis albeit I gaif yow ane command to 
resaue sum utheris at my departing, and keip this writing for your warrand ; for 
albeit the geir be awa and the ground waistit, I keepand that auld houss and 
haldand the regis haill as God willinge I sail, ye beand ane faythfuU seruand to me, 
my baimis and youris sail leif honorabill in it will God, quhen the plage of God 
will leyth upoun tha and thair posteritie out of memorie that molestis me and yow 
at this present. Send word to me gif ye mister men or ony uthir thinge ye wald 
have doand with this berar, quha is ane man I credeit and ye ma schaw to him 
your mind. I sail provyid sum scharp boy that can writ and reid to yow schortlie, 
and hald ye him on my expenssis sa lang as this induris becaus credeit ma nocht 
be gevin to boyis. The rest to your wisdomn, and to treit yourself weill and be 
merrie, and tak no thocht of geir for we will get geir enewche, will God., quha mot 
have yow in keepinge. At Ilanran — youris 

"Colin Campbell." 

The severe measures, however, towards the rest of the Clan only 
provoked acts of revenge : — 

" 1570. August 22. John M^Conil Dow V^Geglas V^Kessoch slayn besyd 
Glenfalloch and thirteen of the Lardis of Glenurquhay's men slayn that da 
be Clangregour and thar complessis. Gud in hawin stance them of ther 
vykytnes. So be it 



Fortingal Obituary 167 



"1571. Nov. 16. Death of Gregor son of the Vicar of Fortingill in the houss 
of his father and buried in the Church there. 

"1572. Sep. 24. Allester M^Allester slain and his son ane yonge bame of 
sewin yer aid callyt Gregor and Duncan brodyr tyl Allester^ al slain in 
Stromffema be Patryk Dow M^regor V*^Condoquhy Lawdossyt* with his 
complessis and be the drath ('draucht/ artful scheme) of Allester Gald 
V^Gregor.^ The saidis Allster and his son and brodyr zyrdith (buried) in 
Fortingill. 

" 1572. Nov. 10. Death of Donald Elder M^^Quhewin ai ThenefFin the house 

of his son. Donald 
"iS72' -3 Jan. 9. Death of Katherine Neyn Allester V^Olchallum V^Gregor 

wife of Patrik M^Quhewin at Ardtrasgyr, * in gallocate * (insane ?). 
"1573. March 30. death of Ronald McGregor V^^Couil in the nordland and 

buried in the Church of Taldow in Strathdayn. 
*' 1574. Donald Dow M^Conil V^Quhewin heddyt at the Kenmore be Collene 

Campbel of Glenurquhay April 7. and zirdit in Fortingall same day. 

" April 28. Gud Maid N^Ayn Vay in Glenlyon spous till the clerk 

M^Niven and zirdit in Branwo. 

" Death of Ellyssat Neyn Huston V^'Ewin spouse of Donald M^Con- 

doquhy Voyr at Fortingill. 

" Murder of Patrik * Dow M^^Gregor V^Duncan Lawdossy t at Bofudyr 

Balquhidder) by Clandowilchair. Oct. 4. 
" 1576' June 30. Death of Joneta neyn Duncan V^Gregor wife of Donald 

M^Quhewin at Thyneff and buried at fortingill." 

This entry ends the last part of Fortingal Obituary. 
From " Chartulary " :— 

" 1571-1. I. Jan. To a messenger * Passand of Edinburgh to Stirlin with lettre 
to summon an assize to Duncane M^Gregour to be accusit of certain crimes 
and justifiet at Stirling." — Lord High Treasurer's Books. 

^ Their identity not ascertained. 

■ This Patrick was murdered two years later by the Clan Dougal Ciar. Although his 
patronymics read Patrick, son of Gregor, son of Duncan Ladosach, he is not identical with 
Patrick Anlach, who was son of Gregor. Two explanations occur, either this Patrick Dow was a 
natural son of Gregor, or he was his brother, and ** M'^Gregor " is merely mentioned as a surname. 

' Younger brother of Gregor Roy. 

* See above. 1572, September 24. 



Chapter XVI 



w 



E now resume the Baronage Memoir which, although occasionally 
led into error, has always a valuable connecting thread. We find 



"XVII. Duncan eldest son of the Gregor slain in 1552 and grandson of Duncan 
Ladosach, called Donach Abberach^ from his having been immediately after his 
father's murder carried into Lochaber by his mother's friends, as were his two 
brothers, to Athol and Stratheam, by other relations, in order to save them from 
the like danger. He was a stout man of a very fine appearance, and soon acquired 
a reputation over all the Highlands; in so much that Duncan Dubh a Churic, 
dreading lest this young hero should make his old head answer for the murder of 
his father and grandfather, and also cut him out of the lands he had acquired by 
that and the like means from his family and friends, endeavoured by all means to 
reconcile himself to Duncan Abberach who would certainly have taken that cruel 
but just revenge; had not Locheil's influence prevailed with him to accept of the 
ofier made by Duncan Dubh, of his father's lands, with those of Corriecharmaig and 
Tomachrochair, in Glenlochy, as an addition ; in consequence of which the two 
Duncans were sworn to an inviolable friendship in presence of Locheil and several 
other Chiefs, at a very numerous meeting of the friends of both parties, held for the 
purpose in the Braes of Glenurchy.^ 

'^ Duncan Abberach took for his first wife Christian, a daughter of the ancient 
family of Macdonald of Keppoch, by whom he had a son who died young. 

" He married 2dly . . , daughter to Macfarlane of that Ilk descended from the 
family of the Lennox and by her he had three sons whose descendants are at this 
day known by the name of Slioch Donachadh Abberach, 'the tribe of Lochaber 
Duncan.' 

" I. Patrick his heir, whose Ime carried on the representation. See further on. 

" 2. Robert,^ a man of a rare martial genius. He laid the plan of attacking the 
Colquhouns. 

"3. Alpin who married and had issue of whom Sir Evan Macgregor of 
Newhaven." 

^ He was eventually slain at Bentoig 1604. ~See Chapter XXVII. 

' Chapter XII., page 148. 

' Known afterwards as Robert Abrodi. 



Duncan Abberach's Bond of Maintenance 169 

The first mention of Duncan Abberach on his return from Lochaber is 
in the record of forfeitures, Sept 8th, 1569.^ He soon afterwards found 
favour with the Earl of Argyle, as appears from the following Bond of 
Maintenance : — 

*' 1573. August 24. ... Be it kend till all men and sundiie to quhom it efferis 
we Archibald Erie of Argyle Lord Campbell and Lome justice and chan- 
cellor of Scotland &a. &a. to Kaif resavit our louittis (lovites) Duncan 
Abbroche M^Gregour, Patrik M^Gregour, Allaster Skorinche ( ) 

M'^Gregour, MolcoUum M^Gregour, Patrik Awilochi (Aulach) M^'Gregour 
and Dougal M^Gregour the saidis Duncanis bredrene, thair airis and 
offspring in our maintenance. And also in our airis protection and 
defence in all thair juste and lesum materis aganis all maner of mane, 
the authorite of Scotland beand exceptit. The saidis Duncane M^r^our 
and the rest, bredern, thair airis and offspring beand leill and trew to us and 
our airis and to serf us at all tymes we pleis, to chairge thayme to thair 
powar and alss the foirsaidis, to be of rewl in all tymes cumin, as trew and 
ciwil subdittis of our souerane the Kingis Maiestie, And giff ony hes to say 
to thayme for ony thing that sail chance fia this farther to call thame or ony 
of thame, according to the ordour of law and equal justice sail be ministrat 
to the use of this realme witht certificatioune gif ony wald intend aganis 
thame or ony of thayme by the law, that we sail be thair party and nocht 
thay, seeing thayme aplyable to the lawis. And willis thir presentis to be 
maid manifest in all placis neidfiill Be this subscryvit with our hand at the 
Carrick the 24. day of Aug. 1573. (signed) Ar: Erall Ergyll And for the 
mair verificatioune causit affixe our signet hearto, &a The names of thair 
airis and offspring conteinit in this band and off thameselffis that is 
presentlie in lyff, Duncan Abbrach M^Gregour, Robert M^^Gregour his sone, 
Duncan and .... also his sonisj Allaster Skerrich M^gregour, Dugall 
and .... his sones, Patrick Aulich M^Gregour, Duncan .... also his 
sones Johne M^Gregour in Morinche, sone to Patrik Dow and Patrik 
M^Gregour brother to the said Johne." — Luss Collection. 

This Paper, quoted in the "Chartulary," after Mr MacGr^or Stirling's 
careful investigations among the Luss Papers, corroborates the names 
Patrick Aulach, and of Duncan's son Robert, as given in the " Baronage " 
many years before the existence of this Band was known. 

^ Chapter XII., page 147. 
Y 



I70 History of the Clan Gregor [1576 

From the " Chartulary," 1574, Dec 28, Glenurquhay's Band upon a 
non-entry ^ : — 

"Be it kend till all men be thir present LrSs Me Colyne Campbell of 
Glenurquhay, That forsamekle as oure souerane Lord with awise &a (of 
Earl Morton Regent of the Kingdom) hes gevin and disponit to me, my 
airis and assigniyes the nonentries, males, fermes, profeitis and dewiities of 
all and haill the landis of Conry, Roro, Morinche Eister, Morinche Middill 
and Morinche Wester, Duncrosk, Candknok and Auchmoir with all cottages 
&a liand in the Barony of Menzies of all zerris (years) and termis bygane 
sen the deceis of umqle Robert Menzies of that Ilk or any other last 
lauchfuU possour thereof. ' Neuitheless to be bundin and obleist to oure 
Souerane Lord and his said regent that we sail na wayis use the said gift of 
nonentries bot be awise and contentment of his hienes and his said Regent,' 
otherwise the said gift salbe of nane avale, force, or effect. — Record of Secret 
Council. 

" 1574. Dec. 28. Charter by Dougall M^Gregour Chancellor of Lesmoir to 
Patrick Campbell of the four merk land Auchnacroftie dated at BallocL — 
Register Decreets of Court of Session. 

" 1575. Nov. 9. Precept for Royal Charter of Confirmation of Feu Charter 
*per Dougallum cancellarium Lesmoren' to Patrick Campbell 3d son of 
Glenurquhay with consent of 'glenurchie.' 

" 1 5 74* * Dougal Makgregour reidare* at FortingilL' 

Duncan Makgregor reidare at Killin and Strathfillan. 

" I S75-6' March 24. Gregor M^Dougall alias M^Gregour presented to the office 
of reidare in the Church of Moulin. 

"1576. Johnne Clerk als M*K]^rregour Reidare at Ardewnane. Dougall 
MakGregour reidare at Forthergill. — Register of Assignations for the 
stipends of Ministers; 1574. Advocates' Library. 

"1575. June 25. Advocatis against M*^Gregor and others, George M^Gregour 
alias Johnstoun, Johne and George M*^Gregor his sones, Duncan McGregor 
& Burgesses of Perth to have broken Lawborrowis.^ delayed till 15 Jan. 
next 

*' 1576* June 2. Charter and infeftment given to Gregour M^Gregour alias 

* Sir Alexander Menzies had neglected to be properly "retoured heir" to the lands of Loch 
Tay, &c., on the death of his father, Sir Robert No question on the subject was raised till in 
1574, sometime after the succession of the next heir, James Menzies, when Glenurchy obtained this 
" disposition " of the properties mentioned. — Explanation taken from the ** Red and White Book of 
Menzies." 

* Reader. 

' Letters under the signet binding persons to keep the peace. 



IS8I] Entries from Chartulary 171 

Johnstoune, burgis of Perth, by Dene Adam Forman Prior of the Charter- 
house of Perth, is rescinded by the Court of session in so far as regards the 
sunny half of three quarters of St Leonards. Lee. — Decreets of Court of 
Session. 

" July 3. Precept of Charter Royal of Confirmation of Feu Charter by 
Adam Forman Prior of the House 'Vallis Virtutis' (Charter house) near 
the Burgh of Perth to George McGregor alias Johnestoune, burgess of the 
said burgh of the forty shilling land of the forest of Bynzemoir in the barony 
of Glen Dochart and shire of Perth. — Privy Seal. 
"1576, Bond by Duncan M^^Gregour V^Condoquhy Abrach and Patrick 
M^^Gregour V*^Condoquhy his brother to Colin Campbell of Clenurquhay 
and his heirs giving them their calps." 

This confirms the statement in the "Baronage" in reference to the 
reconciliation for a time. 

"1578. Jan. 30. Gregor M^^ilquhallum in Glenlednoch Gregor M*^Phatrick 
M^ondoquhy yair, John Johnestoune yair, Patrik Johnstoune yair. pledges 
for Drummonds. — Record of Justiciary. 

" 1580. July 28. Precept of (royal) Charter of confirmation of Feu Charter by 
George Balfour Commendator of the Priory of Charterhouse of Perth, 
to George Makgregor alias Johnestoun of the half of the Charterhouse 
yairdies. 

" 1578. March 11. and again on the 26. Oct 1580 Gregour M^£an Constable 
of Glenurquhay witness to a bond. 

"Again with the addition of Johne Makgregor his son 1580-81. 

"158 1. May 4. David Forrester of Logie ofttymes callit to have produceit 
our Soverane Lordis lettres dewlie execute aud endorsit ; purcheist be Ewir 
Campbell of Strachur Forrester of Glenfernate and our Souerane Lordis 
advocat to tak suertie of certane persones viz Gregour M^Illichallum 
M^'Coule in Glengyle,^ M*=Com beg M^'Farlane, Ewin M'^ondoquhy Glas 
M*^Colchallum queyelecht, & Duncan M^Gregour in Glen * brother to the 
Laird of M^Gregour, AUester Gall^ M^'Gregour his brother &a &a to 
compeir and underlye the law for slaughter of deir, liarirt, (grey hen) Hynd, 
da, ra, and other wild fowls, with culveringis pistollettis, handbowes, within 
the forest of Glenferroch." — Record of Justiciary. 

From the « Chartulary " ^- 

"1581 July 26. Mr John Grahame Justice Deput Mr James Herring Provost 
of Methvene oft callit to haif produceit oure Soerane Lordis lettres dewlie 

^ Gregor Dhu, third Chieftain of the Dougal Kier Family. 
* Brothers of Gregor Roy of Glenstray, slain in 1569. 



172 History of the Clan Gregor [isso-si 

execute and indorsate purchest be Duncane Stewart, Mr James M*Wattie 
nerrest kynnisman with ye remanent k3m and friendis of umqule Duncan 
Stewart M'robert M^'Wattie, and ye Advocat to tak souertie of Ewin 
M*=Gregour tutoure of Glenschra, Allester M^Gregour V^Donichy V^Allester, 
Johne Dow his brother, Patrick Moirwell, Allester Pudreauch M^'Gregour, 
Malcum MacWolchallum V^Will, Dougall Denesoune, David and Johne 
Dow brether, and Duncane. That they should compeir and underlie the 
law For airt and pairt of ye slaughter of ye said umqule Duncan Stewart 
committed in Nov. last bypast. And nocht produis ye samyn in manner 
foursaid wes yairfore amerciat in painis contenit in ye actis of Parliament 
viz for non productioun yrof upoun ilkane of ye persouns abone writtin in ye 
pane (rest blank). — Record of Justiciary. 
" 1580-1. 19. Jan. Holyroodhouse. Complaint of Johne Makintalgart in Bocas- 
tell, servant to James Commendator of Sanct Colme, as follows : On the 17, 
of Nov. last 'Johnne Drummond of Drummondemoch, Johnne Makgruder, 
sone to James M^Gruder servand to the Lord Drummond, Alexander 
Reidoch, servand to the Lard of Cultilbragan, James Reiddoch, servand 
to William Reiddoch, Malcolme Closach M^Grege, servand to the Lard of 
Calender, Allester M^Kewin servand to the Lord Drummond and his sone, 
and tailyeour Makwillie, houshald man to the Lard of TuUebragane, with 
utheris thair complices, come under silence of nicht to the said Johnnes 
duelling hous of Bocastell, and perforce rift spulyit and awaytuke ane 
hundreth pundis of reddie money being in ane kist in his said hous to his 
utter wrak and herschip; pertening to him and utheris nychtbouris, thre 
mylk kye and all the said Johnnes insicht and plennessing of his said house, 
to his utter wrak and herschip ; lyke as thairafter thay pat violent handis on 
the said Johnnes persoun tuke him perforce with thame and detenis and 
withaldis him in strait prisoun and captivitie.' Charge had been given to 
the defendants to liberate the complainers within twenty-four hours under 
pain of rebellion, or else to appear before the Council presenting him or 
shewing cause to the contrary, and now ' the said Johnne Makintalgart com- 
perand be the said James Commendator of Sanct Colme and the defendants 
being of tymes callit and not comperand ' the order is made peremptory that 
thay present their prisoner before the Council on the last day of Jan. instant 
'that ordour may be taken with him as appertinis,' under the pain of homing 
and escheat" 

The above, from the Roister of the Privy Council, is not quoted in the 
" Chartulaiy," and only one MacGregor and the M^Grudars appear in it, 
but it gives an instance of the kind of raids that were continually taking 
place, and Drummondemoch was himself of the party. 



1 582] Proclamation of 'a Remission 173 

The following proclamation was made by the Government : — 

" 1582. The King had ' laitlie appointed ane Court of justiciary to be halden 
in the Burgh of Perth for administratioun of justice to all compliners, and 
appointit alsua certane personis of gude knawlege and experience to corn- 
pone for remissionis to sic as wer not able to underly the rigours of the 
justice ' but having been informed ' that the inhabitantis of the Highlandis 
and Brayis within this Schirefdoume, throw the lang troubles that wes amang 
thame during the disobedience of the Clangregour and utheris broken men 
of the far Hielandis culd not weill abyde his Hienes lawes, na criminal 
justice in effect, being halden heir thir 29 yeris bygane,' he had 'con- 
descendit thairfoir to grant thame mercy and pardon for thair bygane 
offenssis, to the effect that they comperand and being persewit be the 
compliners, suld find gud secur suritie to satisfie the parties offendid and 
to abstain from the lyke offenssis in tjrme cuming.' Notwithstanding this 
act of grace * little special dittay hes been givin up, and nane or verie few 
complenaris hes offerit thame to persew the personis enterit on pannell sen 
the begyning of this present justice Court, how sa evir now thay murmour 
that thay be not redres of thair skaith sustenit' Now accordingly 'to the 
effect that thay may ressave justice and guid redres and satisfactioun of thair 
saidis skaithis bygane, and that the personis, offenders, for feir of thair lyffis 
and in default of pardoun, sail not lie out and continue in thair former evil 
doingis to thair utter wrak and utter distructioun,' it is ordered that pro- 
clamation be made by a herald macer, or other officer of arms, at the market 
cross of Perth and elsewhere, ' to command and charge all and quhatsumevir 
personis compliners quhilkis hed ony special complaintes and dittayes upoun 
personb aheady arreistt to this present court of Justiciar that thay present 
and gif in the same to the justice clerk or his deputis with diligence, and be 
reddie to follow thai complaintis and to cause sumroond ane assise aganis 
the personis offendouris in cais thay sail offer thaymeselffis to enter on 
pannel in this burgh ay ony tyme betuix . . . and the i day of August nix 
to cum, or in Streviling befoir the fyftene day of the same month, quhair his 
Majestic hes willit thame to be ressavit in cais thay offer thameselffis to enter 
betuix . . . and the same said day, and als hes ordainit my Lord Thesaurar 
and utheis compositouris to grant componitur for remissioun to all maner of 
personis inhabitants of the saidis Brayis and Hielandis within this schiref- 
dome, for all offenssis and crymes committit be thame in tymes bygane, thay 
comperand in judgement and findand gude suretie for satisfactioun of the 
parties offendit unto and to abstain and forbear from like offences and crymes 
in tymes cuming." — Register of the Privy Council. 



174 History of the Clan Gregor 

It must be confessed that this reads as a very fair and merciful ordin- 
ance, but doubtless the deep sense of injury on the part of the Clan, the 
want of space, and means of livelihood, with the numerous temptations of 
habit and of the exciting times, forced on the more pacific spirits to renewed 
troubles at whatever cost. 

From " Chartulary '* : — 

'' 1582. May 20. Precept &a of the feu ferme of the half land of Innerzeldies 
to Patrick Makgregour alias Duncane Donaldsoune {i,e, son of Duncan and 
Grandson of Donald) in Innerzeldies and Grizelda Murray his spouse and to 
the longest liver in liferent, and to Gregor McGregor son and apparent heir 
of the said Patrick and to the heirs male and assigneys of the said Gregor. 
Dated at Halynid Hous. — Privy Seal. 

" 1582. July. Item to ane boy passand of Perth with clois Irbs (letters) to the 
Lord Drummond, lairds of Buchquhaane, KnockhiU, tutour of Menteith, 
William Rudoch M^^Gregour and Harie Schaw of Camusmoir. — High 
Treasurer's books. 

" 1582-3. Jan. 8. Anent the actioun and cause persewit be Merline M^^Chewit 
seruand to Donald Robertson of Murligane Ewin oig in Rannoch, &a aganis 
Gregour M^Gillichallum in Glenlyoun and Neill M^Gregour M^Gillechallum 
his sone tuching the spoiliatioun fra the saidis personis of sindrie gudis and 
geir (Defenders do not appear)." — Sheriff Books of Perth. 

From the " Black Book of Taymouth " :— 

"Colene Campbell 6th Laird of Glenurquhay ob 1583. aged 84. 

Memorandum He was ane great justiciar all his tyme throch the quhilk he 
susteinit thee deidlie feid of the Clangregour ane lang space. And besydis 
that he caused executt to the death money notable lymnaris, he beheiddit 
the laird off M^Gregour himsefT at Kandmoir in presens of the Erie of AthoU, 
the justice clerk and sindrie other nobillmen. 

'' Notwithstanding his tyranny his son and successor proved a still worse 
foe to us. 

"1583. May 15. Ane letter maid to James Lord Doune his aires &a of the 
escheit quhilk pertenit of befoir to Duncan Bane M*^Robb alias M*^Gregour 
in Craigrostane and now pertaining to our soverane Lord through being of 
the said Duncane Bayne M^Robb alias M^Gregoure, denounced his Maiesties 
rebell and put to the home, at the instance of Lord Doune from whom he 
had stolen ' a quhyt meir and ane foill and ane mirkgrey meir.' Same date 
at Perth, assisa : In a retour of John Murray afterwards ist Earl of TuUi 
bardine, one of the persons quoted is George M^Gregoure alias Johnestoune 



is8s] Sundry Entries 175 

elder burges of Perth. He is named as an arbiter for Edward Pitscottie 

apparent of Luncarty Nov. 8. same year. 
"1583-4. Feb. 5. Anent the actioun persewit be Robert Menzies of Comrie 

aganis Gregour V^Hutcheon in Culdar and Finlay M^^Condoquhy "V^Coneilglas 

tfaer tuching the allegit wrangous detening and withalding of the profeittis of 

their ky.— Sheriff Books of Perth. 
" 1584. April 8. Anent the actioun and caus persewit be James Menzies of that 

Ilk heritour of the landis underwritten aganis Duncan M^Gregour eldest sone 

to umqule Johne cam M^condoquhie tuching the violent profeittis of the 

fourtie schilling land of Rorow with the pertinentis libellit, acclamit &a. 
" 1584. May 20. Bond by Dougall Deneson McGregor to Duncane Campbell 

of Glenurquhay and his heirs giving them his Calp signed at Ilanran before 

witness, Duncan Abrach M^^Gregor.*' 
<' 1584. June 30. Cause aganis Duncan M^regoure at the instance of Menzies 

of that Ilk, Delayed till 25. July. No ^irther mention in the Sheriff Books 

of Perth. 



From " Chartulary " :— 

" 1584-5. Mention of Johne McGregor as one of the executors to the late Colene 
Campbell of Glenurquhay. 

*' 1534-5. Jan. Charge on the Laird of. Buchanane and utheris For samekle 
as the King's Majesty and Lords of his Pryvy Council are creditably informed 
that his good and peaceable subjects inhabiting the countries of the Lennox, 
Menteith, Struilingschyre, and Stratheme are heavily oppressed by reif, 
stouth, soming, and other crimes, dayly and nightly used upon them by 
certain thieves, lymmers, and somers lately broke loose upon them furth of 
the braes of the countries next adjacent, to the heavy trouble of his high- 
ness's good subjects, foresaid, and to the high contempt of his Highness 
authority and laws, if timeous remeid be not provided, therefore ordain 
letters, to be directed charging George Buchanane of that Ilk, Andro 
M^rlane of the Arroquair . . . Colquhoun of Luss &a here follows a string 
of names of Lairds induding the name of Ewin McGregor tutor of Glenstray, 
.... To compeir before his Majesty and Lords of his Privy Council at 
Haliruidhous, or quhair it sail happin him to be for the time, the 28 day of 
Jan. instant to answer to such things as shall be inquired of them &a. 

''1585. Oct 4. Item to ane boy passand with clois Ir^ of Striveling to the 
Earle of Athoill, the Lord Drummond, the Laird of Glenurquhay, M*^Gregour, 
and with IrSs to be proclamit at Perth for ye airmyie to be convenit at 
Crufurd the 22 day of Oct." — Lord High Treasurer's Books. 



176 History of the Clan Gregor [1586 

The object of assembling this army was to resist those of the Scottish 
lords who had the previous year been exiled forth of the Kingdom for 
seizing the King's person at Ruthven, 1582, and whose plots the English 
Queen, having given them an asylum in England, was regarded as 
favouring. 

Three Bonds with Glenurquhay follow in point of date. " Black Book 
of Taymouth." 

*' 1585. June 25. Bond of friendship by Johnne Earl of AthoU Lord of Balvany, 
to his cousin and Brother-in-law Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhay. .... 
That if the said James Menzies (of that Ilk) should pursue the said Duncane 
Campbell or be pursued by him, he would assist the said Duncane Campbell 
with his whole force ; and that he should give the like assistance against the 
Clangregour if they should render aid to the said James Menzies. 

" 1585. July 5. at Balloch. Bond of Gregour Makconaquhie V^Gregor in Roro, 
Alester M^Ewin V^^Conaquhie there, Gregour Makolchallum in Inverbar in 
Glenlyoun, Duncane Makgregour his sone in Killdie, and Williame Mac- 
gregour son to the said Gregour there, to Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhay 
showing that their forebears had granted the like bond to the deceased 
Coleine Campbell of Glenurquhay, and obliging themselves, if it should 
happen that Makgregour by himself or his accomplices should break upon 
the said Duncane or his heirs their lands, tennants, and possessions, to 
renounce him as their Chief and to take part with the said Duncane against 
him. 

''1585. Aug. 3. Gillemorie Makillevollich grants to Duncane Campbell of 
Glenurquhay and his heirs 'a bairn's part of his geir because the said 
Duncane has promised to trauel to dress (have recourse to, treat with) with 

the Earl of AthoU and friendis of umquhile slain by the said 

Gillemorie Makillevollich upone suddantie.' Duncane M^IUevollycht 
brother of the said Gillemorie, Johne Makgregoure lawful sone to Gregour 
M^^Ean Constable of Glenurquhay and Duncan Makpatrik Vekolchallum 
witnesses at Ilanran." 

From the " Chartulary " :— 

" 1586. June 15. Anent the actioun and cause persewit be William Redheugh 
of Meigour aganis Johne Comrie of that Ilk, . . . three other Comries, and 
Patrik M^Vallycht alias M^^Gregour in Comrie, tuching the allegit wrangous 
spoliation be thame, ther seruandis and complices fra the said William 
Ridheugh of ewes and sindrie joweliis, gold, silver, insight plenishing, 
soumes of money, guidis and geir, furth of his dwelling-house of Garterlume 



1586] Letters of Horning 177 

within the sherifidom of Perth. (Defendants do not appear ; ad July instant 
appointed for the £euther hearing of the cause.) — Sheriff Books of Perth, in 
which however there is no farther notice of this cause. 
''1586. Aug. 8. Letters of Homing recorded at Perth, at the instance of 
Allane Stewart in Stuikis, Johne Drummond in Drummenerinoche, William 
Grahame, fear of Callander and Patrik Grahame of Inchbrakie " against 

♦i " Gregor^ M^^Gregour of Glenscheroche, (Allaster of Glenstray). 

2 Ewin MacGregor, Tutour thairof, (uncle to Allaster the young Chief). 

3 Allester Gauld, his brother, (under Earl of Aigyle). 

4 Allester pudrech MacGregor (from Balquhidder ^huidder'^) under 

the Laird of Weyme. 

5 Dougall sone, (Dougall Denistoun, i>. Dean's son) MacGregor. 

6 Donald MacGregor. 

7 Allester M^Condoquhie M^Allester. 

8 Johne dow MacGregor his brother, (probably occupier of Camus- 

erachtie beg in Rannoch, page 165). 

9 Patrik Duncansoun MacGr^or in Innerzaldie.^ (in Glenleidnoch) 

under Laird of Tullibardine. The Ammonachs were of this family. 

10 Gregor his son. 

11 Duncan MacGregor his son in Port of Latheme, (Locheam). 

12 Donald Dow his son in Megor. 

13 Duncan Glen MacGregor (brother to the Tutour as appears else- 

where). 

14 Johne MacGregor in Dundum. 

15 Duncan Roy his brother. 

16 Johne Dow M^Condoquhey MacGregor (brother of Allaster 

M*^Condoquhie). 

17 Donald Dow. 

18 John Dow M^Callum owir MacGregor (M^lchallum). 

19 Johne Moir MacGregor in Callichra, (M^lchallum owir). 

20 William M^Gillchallum MacGregor in Letterling (M^lchallum ower 

MacGregor). 

21 Duncane Bane MacGregor in Stuikinroy, (Duncan Bane M^Rob under 

the Laird of Buchannan). 

22 John M^Rob MacGregor in Ruchois. 

Those ^narked thus * executed after Glenfruin. 

1 The word umquhile omitted, as Gregor had been killed in 1580. 

' The term Puderache was applied to inhabitants of Balquhidder, and a stone near the church 
is stiU extant under this name. It was a test of strength for young men, who had to lift it on to 
another stone. 

' See List 1565, page 144. 

Z 



178 History of the Clan Gregor [1586 

23 Gregor M^ob MacGregor in Comer. 

24 Galium Moir MacGregor (M*'Rob).in Knockheilt 

25 Galium Dow (M*^Rob) his brother. 

26 Robert Roy (M*^Rob) his brother in Gomer. 

27 John Dow M*^Rob their brother (alsua). 

28 Allester M^Coule M^Illvirum MacGregor in Dessour (or Dischoir from 

Deasach the side of Loch Tay facing south). 
^29 Malcum M^Goulquheir(M^Dougal Keir) in Innerlochie^ (Balquhidder) 
under the laird of Tullibardine. 

30 Duncane M^Culquheir MacGregor in Drummilliche, son of Malcolm 

the 2d Ghieftain of their House. 

31 John M^Coulquheir MacGregor thair, brother of above. 

32 Dougall M^Culquheir MacGregor in Glengyle, another brother under 

the Laird of Buchannan. 

33 Gregour M^Culquheir MacGregor in Keylecter (Gaoletter). 

34 Patrik M^Culquheir in Strathyre (Strachur), another brother of 

Duncan in Drummilliche. 

35 Finlay keir M^Culquheir MacGregor in Culgart. 

36 Allester MacGregor (M^eanduy) in Strathphillane. 

37 John dow M^illiam M^challum MacGregor. 

38 Patrik MacGregor in Gadem, (Gadderine — known as * our ' youngest 

Brother of the Tutor.) 

39 Duncan (M^Gondochy) Gleroch (clerk) MacGregor. 

*40 Gregour craginche MacGregor (or in Graiginshache spelt in several 
ways) (Graigan). 

41 Donald our (odhar, dun or sallow) M^Inleith (M^illich). 

42 Duncan M^Gondoquhie (or M^ewin) M^Gondoquhy. 

43 Allester his brother. 

44 John MacGregor in Schadowne. 

45 (Ewin MacGregor Jamesoun in Scaderin). 

46 Gregour M^Gondoquhy in Roro (under the Laird of Weyme) Head of 

House of Roro. 

47 Galium croy MacGregor in Gandrochie. 

48 Malcum glas (pale or grey) MacGregor in Kynaltie. 

49 William (M^diallum) MacGregor thair. 

50 Duncane (M41challum) MacGregor thair. 

51 Allester MacGregor in Feman, (Loch Tay) ) ^ , ^ . . . 

52 WiUiame (M^Williame M<^Neai) MacGregor \ g^^^^^ (Robertson). 

thair ..... J ^ ^ 

53 Gregor (M^'Hucheon) MacGregor in Galder. 

1 Ancestor of lonerarderan. Those marked thus * executed after GlenfruiQ. 



1586] Letters of Horning 179 

54 Finla (M^condoquhy glas) MacGr^or thair. 
*55 Duncan (M^ester vreac) MacGregor in Lagfeman (or LAngfernan). 

56 Galium MacGregor McNeill. 

57 Neill his brother. 

58 John Dow his brother. 

59 John Dow (M^condoquhy) cleroche MacGregor. 

60 Malcum (bane) MacGregor N^eill in Rannoch. 

61 Dougal his broder in Roro. 

62 Donald gorme M^inleiche in Rannoch. 

63 Gr^or M^echallum (M^eanmoyle) in Innervar (in Glenlyon) under 

the Laird of Glenlyon. 

64 NeQl dow his son. 

65 Gregor M*^Condoquhy (in Roro), (repetition of No. 46). 

66 Galium dow his brother in Glenlochy. 

67 John Mauloch (or Manloche) thair brother. 

68 Gregor M^lchallum in Comrie, (in the District of Auchmore in the 

Barony of Weem), 

69 Duncan oig M^eanduy MacGregor in Glenlochy, ) Under the Laird of 

70 Duncan our M^eanduy thair, . . . J Lawers. 

71 John dow M^condoquhy MacGregor in Roro. 

72 Robert beg Clerich MacGregor (or M^'Robert earlich, *Tearlach' 

Charles). 

73 Duncan MacGregor in TuUichewne. 

74 Duncan MacGregor M^Williame. 

75 Galium MacGregor M^illiame in Rannoch, (Kinlachar) under Laird 

of Weyme. 

76 Duncan MacGregor M^Williame his brother. 

77 Galium M^'Connd M^eane MacGregor. 

78 John dow (M^chaUum) in Rannoch. 

79 Galium MacGregor M^^illiam his brother thair. 

80 AUester M4nnes (M^eane) MacGregor in Rannoch. 

81 Gregor McNeill MacGregor in Candrochth (Candrochitmerk). 

82 John MacGregor his sone in Ardquhillarie, (Loch Lubnaig or 

Ardchoille ?). 

83 Ewin MacGregor his brother. 

84 Allester MacGregor his brother alsua. 

85 Allester M^Robert (moir) MacGregor in Strathyre and his sons. 

86 Walter M^Alpie in Lingrathletterling (M^ Alpine in Lurg at Letterlung). 

87 Robert M*^Alpie (M^Alpine) his son in Duchois, (Ruchoiss). 

88 Murdo M^Alpie (Murdoch M^ Alpine) his brother. 

Those marked thus * executed alter Glenfruin. 



i8o History of the Clan Gregor [1587 

89 John Bane M^echallum glas MacGregor in RannocL 

90 Gr^or ger (often gar from gearr, short) his brother. 

91 John McNeill (or invill) his brother also. 

92 Gregor cam (blind of an eye) thair brother's sone. 

93 Dougall Danesoun (Denesoun) MacGregor. 

94 Donald Denisoun his brother's son. 

95 Dougall Jamesomi MacGregor. 

96 William his brother. 

97 Gregour M^eill (M^eanmoyle in Bofrak). 

98 Gregour McNeill M^Inwalliche in Ardewinch, (Ardewnaig). 

99 Ewin M^eanvalliche thair. 

100 Galium M*^Condoquhy Vreak MacGregor. 

10 1 John his brother and 
103 Gregor his brother. 

103 John M^Conneill M^inlay in Glenscheray, (Glenstray). 

104 Nicoll M^^jowne in Achtervich.' 

for different acts of theft, from the complainers. — Register of Homings 
Perth, in General Raster House, Edinburgh. 
" 1586 Sep. 15. They are released from the horn till 13, Oct." 

1586. Aug. 13. On this date the Earl of Montrose gets the escheit of 
Gr^or MacGregor of Glenscherache, Glenstray, the word umquhile having 
been omitted by error before his name, and of all those mentioned in the 
preceding list, the names being repeated. 

The two lists ^ have been collated in the " Chartulary," and again 
very carefully by the present compiler, and names occurring only in the 
second list, or other supplementary information taken from other lists, &c., 
are added in brackets. 

From the " Chartulary " :— 

"1587. May 31. Duncane Bayn M^Gregour in Craigrostan and Duncane 
M^illechallum McGregor in Boquidder are mentioned along with a number 
of Grahams and Buchanans. — Record of Justiciary. 

*' June 28. Anent the actioun persewit be Duncan Campbell of Glenurquhie 
and William Moncreiff of that Ilk, aganis Gregor M^Hutcheon in Culdar 

1 To the ordinary reader these lists repeated on several occasions, most seem dull and dry but 
to the stttdent of the Clan's history they are full of interest, as making mention of individuals of the 
various funilies known to have existed. 



1588] Sundry Actions 181 

tuiching thair releiff of the soume of fyve hundretht merkis at the hendis of 
ane nobUl lord francis Erie of Erroll. (defender does not appear;) July 12. 
assigned for a further hearing of the case. 

"July I. Anent the actioun persewit be James Campbell of Laweris taxman 
of the landis underwritten, againis Duncan M^gregour, Dougal M^Gregour 
his sone, Gregour M^Cainroy, and Malcom M^inroy his brother, zoung 
Duncan M4ndowie and Gregour beg M^gregour pretentit occupiars of merk 
land of Duncrosk mylne and mylne landis therof witht the pertinentis lyand 
within Glenlochy and shrefdom of perth. Tuching the removal of thame. 
(Defenders not appearing are decerned to remove, una cum expensis, salua 
taxatione judices.) 

"July 5. Anent the actioun persewit be Gregoure M*^hutcheoune in Culdar 
aganis Duncan M^Kewin M^Condochie in Croftgarrow and Allester 
M^Gregour clerich in Croftlevin Tuiching his relieflf of cautionrie lybellit 
speciallie anent the soume of money of fyve hundretht merkis acclaimit 
(Defender absent.)'' 

The above three cases are quoted from the Sheriff Books of Perth. 

"Dec. 12. same year Ewin M^regour Tutour of Glenschew witness to a 
contract between commissioners of the Earl of Huntly and the assigny of 
Margaret Douglas Countess of Menteith. — Record of Deeds Edinburgh. 

"1587-8. Feb. 19. Contract betwixt Walter Cunningham and Archibald 
M^Gregour in Dunlin, heir to umquhile John M^Gregour piper, indueller 
within the Burgh of Edinbuigh. 

"Feb. 29. Contract between Archibald M^Gregour in Little Drumfing, and 
Walter Cunningham recorded in the Books of Council and Session i March 
following. — Privy Seal. 

"Feb. 14. Anent the actioun of transferens persewit be Johne Campbell of 
Laweris aganis Marion M^Gr^our relict executrix and succeedant in the 
of umquhile M^nroy her spous. 

" Feb. 24. Marion M*^Gregour decerned to flit. 

" 1588. July 6. Duncan M^Gregour (resident in Perth) a juror in an inquest 
of Marion M^Ewin as heiress of several lands in the Barony of Strowan in 
Atholl. 

"July 6. Anent the actioun and cause persewit be Donald Robertson of 
Strowan aganis (amongst others) Allester Pudrach alias MacGregour 
pretendit occupiar of part of the landis of Innerchamey, WUliam Neill 
Vic Ewin pretentit occupiar of ane pairt of the bordlandis and haif of the 
mylnne of Ferny, Allester M^Gregour clerych pretentit occupiar of the 
landis of Croftualzen, lying within the barony of Strowan. anent the 
removing of them from the lands. — Sheriff Books of Perth. 



1 82 History of the Clan Gregor [1590 

"July 7. Anent the action of removing persewit be John Schaw heritable 
proprietor of the toun and lands underwritten aganis Patrik M^Gr^our 
alias galliocht (Alech or Aulich, Le. AthoU) pretentit occupiar of the toun 
and lands of Corriechrombie, with the pertinentis, tuyching the removing of 
him. (Defender not appearing is decerned to remove.) — Sherifif Books of 
Perth. 

" 1588-9. Feb. 21. Anent the actioun persewit be Robert Menzies of Comrie 
takisman of the landis underwritten aganis Gregour McNeill VicEwin, Donald 
M^Achon (Hutcheon?) and Donald M^ewin roy in Wester Kynnaldie anent 
the removing of them fra the landis. (Defenders not appearing are decerned 
to remove.)— Perth. 

" 1589 July 4. The Bishop of the Isles a procurator in the Court of Session 
of Patrik M^Gr^our in Mekle Caddiriy and John our M^Phadeun. — Reg. of 
Decreets. 

'* July 16. Anent the actioun persewit be James Commendator of Inchaffiray 
aganis Duncan M^Pharik alias M^Gregour, Neyne Phatrik Stewart relict of 
umquhile James Stewart, Duncan M^allich, Duncan slaoch M^Gregour 
anent the removii^ fra the landis (apparently in Balquhidder). Decerned to 
remove. 

''Aug. 13. Anent the action persewit be Donald Robertson of Strowan aganis 
Duncan M^Allester V^'Allester V^regour, Marion Stewart, Donald M^on- 
doquhy, Findley M^Allester, AUester Jamesoun and Donald Jamesoun and 
M^Allester Jamesoun and the removing of them. Decerned to flit 

'' August 20. Anent the actioun persewit be Donald Robersoun of Strowan 
lyfrenter of the landis underwritten aganis Neill M^Condoquhy and John 
bean Vichallum V*^ewin \^Gregour pretentit occupiars of the lands of Mid- 
femay."— Sheriff" Books of Perth. 

The following traditionary tale is taken from the ''Lairds of 
Glenlyon"!:— 

" 1590. Colin the 3d of the Campbell Lairds of Glenlyon, had married (2dly) 
a sister of the Laird of Lawers who was very active in persecuting the Clan- 
Giegor. Colin was invited to join his relative in this oppression but he 
declined, and 'threatened death to any who injured a MacGregor within his 
bounds.' To mark his contempt he invited all the MacGregors in his 
neighbourhood to a great feast that he prepared for them. But there was 
a traitor in the camp : his wife had sent secret information to her brother 
Lawers and pointed out how, at one fell swoop, he could destroy so many 

1 By Mr Duncan Campbell, formerly of Fortingal and now of Inverness. Privately printed for 
Sir Donald Currie of Garth and Glenlyon. 



Traditionary Tale 183 

enemies. As dinner was not served up as soon as Colin wished it, he sent 
his henchman to ask the cause of the delay. The lady forgetting herself 
replied quickly : ' I expect my brother.' The reply was announced in the 
hidl; and the McGregors, thinking they had been entrapped, rushed out, 
deaf to all Colin could say. It was time : Lawers was crossing the ford 
below the Castle, before they gained the hill side. Colin was disgraced on 
his 0¥ni hearth by his nearest friends.'' 



[1587 



Chapter XVII 

General Band 

AT this time the troubles in the Highlands, and also on the Borders, 
becoming source of disturbance to the nation and a constant 
anxiety to the Government, very stringent enactments were made, and, 
as they bore heavily on the future misfortunes of the Clan, it is desirable 
to quote them in full. 

"Acts of Scottish Parliament King James VI Julij 1587. 

(Known as The General Band) 

Caution suld be found for Land-lords and utheris. 

''THAT ALL Landis-lordis and BaiUies of the landes, on the Bordours and in 
the Hie-laades, quhair broken men hes dwelt, or presently dwellis, contained in ane 
Roll, ratified in the end of this present Act of Parliament, sail be charged to finde 
sufficient Caution and sovertie (surety) Landed-men in the In-country, to the 
contentment of our Soveraine Lord, and his privy Councill Betwixt .... and the 
first day of October, nixt to cum ; Or within fifteen days after the chaige, upon 
conditiouns following, under the paine of rebellion ; And gif they failzie, the said 
day being by-past, to put them to the Home ; that is to say, gif ony of their men, 
tennentes, servandes, and indwellers upon their landes, rowmes, steadingses and 
possessiones, or within their Baillieries, committis ony maisterful reife thieft, or 
receipt of thieft, depredationes, open and avowed fire-rasing, upon deadlie feeds 
(feuds) protected and mainteined be their Maisters ; That the Landis-lordes, and 
BaiUies, upon quhais Landes and in quhais jurisdiction they dwell sail bring and 
present the persons compleined upon before Our Soveraine Lordis Justice, or his 
deputes to abide tryall, and underlye the law for the same, upon fifteen dayes 
warning, to be maid them lauchfiilly ; and failzeing therof, that the saidis Landis- 
lordes and BaiUies be debt-bound, to satisfie the party skaithed, and to refound, 
content and pay to them their heirschippes and skaithes of their awin proper 
guddes and landes, according to the availl and quantity tane fra the compleiners. 



1587] The General Band 185 

quhilk sail be modified be aith of the parties hurt, ather before the Lordes of 
Councell and Session, or the Justice, and his deputes, quhair upon execution sail 
passe, baith against the principalles and soverties, in forme as effeiris. Providing 
alwaies, that the landis-lordes. quha hes ther landes lyand in far Hie-landes or 
Bordours, they making residence themselves in the Inlands, and their tennentes, 
and inhabitantes of their landes, being of Clannes, or dependars on Chieftaines, 
and Captaines of the Clannes, quhom the Landis-lordis ar na waies able to 
command, but only gettes their mailles of them, and na uther service nor obedience 
sail na wayes be subject to this Act, but in the manner following, viz They sail 
be halden to direct their Precepts of warning, obtenine decretes against their 
Tennentis, and immediately after their denunciation, that the saides Landes- 
lordes, raise letters, be delivrance of the secreit Councell, and charge the Chieftaines 
and Captaines of the Clannes, on quhom their tennentis dependis and obeyes, to 
take and apprehend the disobedient tennentis, and present them to the Justice, 
under pain of rebellion ; &a. 

" ITEM. Although sum of the Lordes of the ground never uses to make resid- 
ence in the partes, throw the quhilkis thieves resorts, in their passing to steal and 
reive, and return therefra ; zit sail they be bounden to their Baillies and tennentes, 
to make their arreistmentes, and stay and make publication of the same ; gif it be 
in their power, or cummis to their Knawledge ; or utherwaies, to be halden and 
oblished for redress, as gif they dwelt upon the landes themselves. And that the 
chiefs of the Clanes in the boundes quhair broken men dwellis, throw the quhilkis 
limmers and broken men. repairis in their passing to steall and reive or returning 
therefra, sail be bound to make the like stay, arreistment, and publication, as the 
Landes-lordes, or Baillies, and be subject to the like redres and action criminall and 
civill, in case of their tailzie or negligence. And because sindrie immediat tennentes 
to Our Soveraine Lord, hes disponed their landes to uthers, halden of themselves ; 
In that case, it sail be sufficient for the Over-Lord, to enter and present his tenant 
and vassall, for answering or his sub-tennent; and the Landis-lord, to have his 
reliefe upon his tennents there-anent, as accordis." 



" King James VI. July ii. and 29. 1587. 

"(97). The Chiefe of all Clannes sail find pledges. 

'' It is alsua statute and ordained, that the Captaines, Chiefifes and Chieftaines 
of all Clannes, alsweill on the Hieland as on the Bordoures, and the principallis of 
the Branches of the saides Clannes, to be specially noted in ane Roll ratified and 
insert in this present parliament; Quhilkes Clannes dwellis upon the landes of 

? A 



1 86 History of the Clan Gregor [1587 

diverse Landes^lordes and dependis upon the directions of the saidis Captaines, 
Chiefes, and Chieftaines (be pretence of bloud or place of their dwelling) althought 
against the will oftimes of the Lord of their ground, be charged in like manner, and 
answer the paine abone written ; to enter sik persones pleges, as sail be nominate 
be the Kings Majesties letters to be direct to them, upon fifteen daies before his 
Hieness and his secreit Councell, at the dayes to be appointed, to be placed as his 
Hienes sail think convenient, for keeping of gude rule in time cuming according to 
the conditions abone written, quhair unto the Landes-lordes and Baillies, are sub- 
ject ; under the paine of execution of the saidis pleges to the death in case of trans* 
gressions and nocht redresse maid be the -persones offending for quhom the saidis 
pleges lyes. And that the saidis pleges sail be relieved quarterly with utheris of the 
same Clan or branche, to be specially named, as may be after the beginning of this 
ordeur. Also one and all Clannes, Chieftaines, and Branches of Clannes, refusand 
to enter their pleges at the day ; and maner contained in the charge, to be directed 
to that effect ; to be esteemed publick. enemies to God, the King and all his trewe 
and faithful subjectes, and to be persewed with fire and sword, quhair ever they 
be apprehended, without crime, paine or danger, to be incurred be the doers 
there-throw. And that compt (count) be tane anis in the zeir, at the first day of 
November, quhat persoes pleged for, ar dead, and quhat zoung men sprung up in 
their race and Clanne, able to offend. And quhair complaint is maid upon ony 
person pleged for the principal of the Clanne or Branche, to be charged to present 
the offenders before the King or his Councell, or before the Justice and his deputes, 
to under-lie the law for the same." 



"King James VI. 29. July 1587. 

"(96). All men borne in the Hielandes and Bordoures to return to the places 

quhair they were borne. 

" Item. That all sik notorious thieves, as were bom in Liddisdaill Eskdaill, 
Annandale and the landis sum-time called debaitable, or in the landis of the 
Hie-landis that has long continued in-obedient, sail be removed out of the In-land, 
quhair they ar planted, and presentlie dwellin or haunts, to the parts quhair they 
were borne; Except their Land-lordes quhair they presently dwell, will become 
soverty for them, to make them answerable to the Law, as Low-land and obedient 
men, under the paines contained in the Acts of Parliament. 



" (97). Anent the register of pleges and uthers. 

"Item. It is statute and ordained for furtherance of, and quieting of the 
in-obedient Bordours and Hie-landes ; That a buik be maid containing the names 



1587] Roll of Landlords and Baillies 187 

of the pleges entered, and to be entered, for gude rule and of the haill persones for 
quhom they lye and be quhom the pleges suld be relieved ; As alsua that a register 
be maid of the haill Parochiners of the landes inhabited be thieves and disobedient 
persones, in the Hie-landes and Bordours The names of the Landis-lordis and 
townes in every Parochin and of the haill men, inhabitantis therof past the age of 
sexteene zeires ; quha ar Landis-lordes or Baillies of every land or town ; or of 
quhat Clanne or branch the saidis inhabitantis ar. And that the name of ony 
person that hes entered on the broken landes, after the removing of ony uther 
inobedient person therefra, be sent to the keeper of the said register within twelve 
days nixt after his first entry. 

" (100). Divers sureties being maid sail be vailzieable, and the ane stoppis 

not the uther. 

"Item. It is declared statute and ordained that the surety maid be the 
Landis-lordis and Baillies sail not be prejudicial nor stop the suretie maid be 
the Chieftaines, and principalles of Clannes. Nor be the contrair the surety maid 
be them to the Landis-lordes and Baillies." 

The following Rolls were appended to the Act of Parliament : — 

"The Roll of the Landislordis and Baillies of landis in the Hielandis and Isles, 
quhair brokin men hes duelt and presentlie duellis, 1587. 

Landislordis and Baillies. 

The Duke of Lennox. 

The Laird of Buchanane. 

The Laird of M^Farlane of the Arroquhar. 

The Laird of Luss. (Colquhoun.) 

The Laird M^^Cawla of Ardincaple. 

The Laird of Marchinstoun. (Napier of Merchistoun and Edinbellie holding 

lands in Menteith and Lennox inherited from his ancestress a coheiress 

of Patrick de Menteth of Rusky.) 
The Laird of Glennegyis. (Haldane of Gleneagles descended from the 

other coheiress of Menteth of Rusky.) 
The Erie of Glencame. (Highland possessions unknown.) 
The Laird of Drumquhassill. (Cunningham held the Islands of Loch- 

lomond). 
The Laird of Kilcreuch. (In the Lennox, Galbraith.) 



1 88 History of the Clan Gregor [1587 

The Tutour of Menteith. (George Graham.) 

The Laird of Knockhill. (Shaw of do. in Menteith.) 

Hary Schaw of Cambusmoir. 

The Laird of Kippanross. (Stirling.) 

The Laird of Burley. (Balfour, superior, if not proprietor of the lands of 

Mochaster in Menteith.) 
The Laird of Keir. (Stirling.) 
The Master of Levingstoun. (Family possessed lands of Callander and 

Corriechrombie in Menteith.) 
The Lord of Down. (Father of the ' Bonny Earl of Moray.') 
The Lord Drummond. 
The Laird of Tullibardin. (Sir John Murray, who possessed lands in 

Balquhidder.) 
The Laird of Glenorquhy. (Sir Duncan Campbell.) 
The Laird of Laweris. (Sir John CampbeU.) 
The Laird of Weyme. (James Menzies of that Ilk.) 
The Abbot of Inchaffray. (James Drummond, Commendator of Inchafifray 

and Laird of InnerpefFry, created 1609 Lord Maderty.) 
Coline Campbell of Ardbeich. (Brother of Glenurchy, on Locheam.) 
The Lau-d of Glenlyoun. (Campbell.) 
The Erie of Athoill. (5th, of the Stewart of Innermeath line.) 
The Laird of GrantuUie. (Sir Thomas Stewart lands in Strathtay.) 
The Laird of Strowane-Robertsone. (In Atholl.) 
The Laird of Strowane-Murray. (In Stratheam. The daughter of the then 

proprietor John Murray married Eoin dubh MacGregor brother to 

Allester of Glenstray.) 
The Laird of Wester Wemyss. (Said to have had the superiority of Kinnaird 

selling the property to Stewart of Rosyth.) 
The Laird of Abbotishall. (Supposed Scott, a family in Fife.) 
The Laird of Teling. (Sir David Maxwell, Forfarshire.) 
The Laird of Inchmartine. (Ogilvie.) 

The Laird of Purie-Fothringhame. (A proprietor in the Brae of Angus.) 
The Laird of Moncreiffe. (William Moncreiffe of that Ilk proprietor for 

several centuries of Culdares and Tenaiffis in Breadalbane which he 

sold to Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy.) 
The Laird of Balleachane. (Stewart of Ballechin in Atholl, formerly styled 

of Stuiks.) 
The Barroun of Fandowie. (In Atholl. James Macduflf, alias Ferguson.) 
The Erie of Enroll. (Possessed Logyalmond.) 
The Erie of Gowrie. (James Ruthven, possessed lands in Strathardill and 

Strathbrane.) 



1587J Roll of Landlords and Baillies 189 

The Laird of Cultibragane. (Alex. Ridheuch, Lands in Glenleidnoch in 

Stratheam.) 
The Lord Ogilvy (of Airly). 

The Laird of Clovay. (Ogilvy of Clova, in the brae of Angus.) 
The Laird of Fintray. (Sir David Graham Knight in Forfarshire.) 
The Laird of Edyell ; (Sir David Lindsay of Glenesk in Forfarshire.) 
The Erie of Mar. (Proprietor of Braemar, &a.) . 
The Master of Elphingstoun. (The family appear to have possessed Coigarff 

in Banffshire, Kildrummy, &a.) 
The Erie of Huntlie. (Lord of Badenoch and Lochaber.) 
The Master of Forbes. (Highland estates on the Don, Aberdeenshire.) 
The Laird of Grant. 

Makintosche (of Dunauchton, Captain of the Clanchattan.) 
The Lord and Tutour of Lovat. (Simon 8th Lord and Thomas Fraser of 

Knockie and Strichen, his uncle and guardian.) 
Cheisholme of Cummer (or Comer.) 
The Larde of Glengarry. (Proprietor also in right of his Grandmother of 

half the lands of Lochalsh, Lochcarron and Lochbroom.) 
Makanyie. (Mackenzie of Kintail possessing the other half of the above 

lands.) 
The Laird of Fowlis. (Munro.) 
The Laird of Balnagown. (Ross.) 
The Tutour of Cromartie. (Urquhart of Craigfintray, guardian to Sir 

Thomas Urquhart.) 
The Erie of Suthirland. 
The Laird of Duffus. (Sutherland.) 
James Innes of Touchis. 
The erle of Caithnes. 
The Erie Merschall 

The Lord Oliphant (Possessed Berrydale in Caithness.) 
The Laird of Boquhowy. (Mowat of Boquhally, Caithness-shire.) 
The laird of Dunnibeyth. (Sinclair of Dunbeath in Caithness.) 
Macky of Far. (Father of first Lord Reay.) 
Torquill M^Cloyd of Cogoych. (Son of Macleod of Lewis.) 
The Laird of Garloch. (Mackenzie.) 
Makgillichallum of Raarsay. (Malcolm Macleod.) 
M*H:ioid of the Harrich. (Harris.) 

M^Kynnoun of Strathodell. (Mackinnon of Strathwardill in Skye.) 
M^Cleud of the Lewes. 
McNeill of Barray. 
M^Kane of Ardnamurchan. (Macian of the family of the isles.) 



190 History of the Clan Gregor [1587 

AUane M^Kane of Ilandterum. 

The Laird of Knoydert (Alexander M^Ranald) 

M^Clane of Dowart (McLean.) 

The Lard of Ardgowir. (McLean of Ardgour.) 

Johnne Stewart of the Appin. 

M'^Coull of Lome. (Dougal Macdougal of Dimolly.) 

M^CouU of Roray. (Allan Macdougal of Roray.) 

The Laird of LochynnelL (Campbell of LochnelL) 

The Laird of Caddell. (Campbell of Calder, often called thus.) 

The Laird of Skermourlie for Rauchry. (Montgomerie of Skelmorlie 

appears to hkve had the small island of Rachry, coast of Antrim.) 
M^Condoquhy of Innerraw. (Dougal M^Conachy Campbell of Inveraw.) 
Angus M^Coneill of Dunyveg and Glennis (?). 
The Laird of Lowlip. (Alex. Macallaster of Loupe in Kintyre.) 
The Schiref of Bute. (John Stewart.) 
The Laird of Camys. (Hector Bannatyne of Kames.) 
Erie of Ergile. 

Laird of Auchinbrek. (Campbell.) 
The Laird of Ardkinglass. (Campbell.) 
M^Nauchtane. (Malcolm Macnaughtane of Dunderaw.) 
M^Lauchlane. (Arch. Maclauchlane of Stralauchlan or of that Ilk.) 
The Laird of Lawmont (of Inveryne or of that Ilk.) 
The Laird of Perbrat (Campbell of Barbrek.) 
The Laird of Duntnme. (Campbell.) 
Constable of Dundy. Laird of Glastry. (Sir James Scrymgeour of Dudope 

and of Glasry, in Ayrshire.) 
The Laird of Elanegreg. (Campbell.) 
The Laird of Otter. (Campbell.) 
The Laird of Coll (Maclean.) 
MakClayne of Lochbuy. 

M^Fee of Collowsay. (Murdoch Macfee of Colonsay.) 
The Lord Hamiltoun. (For the Isle of Arran.) " 

"The Roll of the Clannis (in the Hielandis and Isles) that hes Capitanes, Chieffis, 
and Chiftanes quhome on thay depend, oft tymes aganis the willis of thair 
Landislordis : and of sum speciale personis of branchis of the saidis Clannes. 
1587. 

Buchananis. 
M^Ferlanis, Arroquhar. 
M^'Knabbis. 



1587] Roll of Clans 191 

Grahmes of Menteth. 

Stewards of Buchquhidder. 

Clangregour. 

Clanlawren. 

Campbellis of LochnelL 

Campbell of Innerraw. 

Clandowill of Lome. 

Stewartis of Lome, or of Appin. 

Clane M^Kane of Avricht (The Clan Eoin or Macdonalds of Glencoe, 

whose chief was patronomycally styled ' MacEoin Abrach.' ) 
Stewartis of Athoill and pairties adiacent. 
Menyessis, in Athoill and Apnadull. 
Clan M^homas in Glensche. 
Fergussonis. 
Spaldingis. 

Makintoscheis, in Athoill. 
Clancamroun. 

Clanrannald, in Lochquhaber. (Macdonalds of Keppoch.) 
Clanrannald of Knoydert, Modert, and Glengaray. 
Clenlewid of the Lewis. 
Clanlewyd of Harray. 
Clanneill. 
Clankynnoun. 

Clan leane. (The Clan Eoin of Ardnamurchan.) 
Clanquhattan. 
Grantis. 
Frasseris. 

Clankanye. (Kenzie.) 
Clanandreis. (The Rosses.) 
Monrois. 
Murrayis, in Suthirland.'' 



Both these Rolls have, for convenience, been taken from " The Trans- 
actions of the lona Club, 1839, ^^d the notes condensed from those of the 
editor, Donald Gregory, Esq. 

It may be remarked that in the latter half of the sixteenth century, of 
which we are now treating, scarcely a Clan was at peace. The Earls of 
Sutherland, Caithness, and Huntly; the Murrays, MacKenzies, Gunns, 



192 History of the Clan Gregor 

Clan Chattan, and Gordons in the North and East were perpetually 
at war — ^bloodshed, fire, and even poison figure in their history. The 
MacDonalds, MacLeans, MacLeods, and MacNeills kept the West in 
fierce conflict Such was the normal state of the country, and on the 
Southern Border matters were not much better. Some remedy was 
absolutely necessary. The scheme of the Government was very in- 
geniously contrived, though perhaps too fussy and minute to be easily 
workable. By it theft was made treasonable, a strong measure, as loyalty 
to the Sovereign had never been questioned in the Highlands. Frequent 
reference is made in subsequent years to this Act, known as the " General 
Band.'' It did not work a speedy pacification, but in the instance of 
the ClanGregor, more especially, actual existence was made impossible, 
except by fighting for it, as few could dare to shelter them under such 
precarious conditions. 

Although other Clans were equally turbulent, none suffered eventually 
as severely. Mr Donald Gregory believed the chief cause of this to have 
been the circumstance that, unlike the Clan Chattan for instance, the 
ClanGregor had no extensive possessions under the Crown which could 
render them independent of the great families around. It may be added 
that of their neighbours, Campbell of Glenurchy was ever ready to profit 
by their misfortunes, and Campbell of Argyle to make a cat's paw of them 
for his own purposes. Nothing but the brave and elastic spirit inherited 
from our ancestors, and the power of endurance learnt in the school of 
adversity, could have saved us from entire annihilation, such as some of 
our neighbours desired for us. 

Two characteristic MacGregor songs from the " Killin Collection " 
seem to belong to about this period, and may therefore fitly follow 
here : — 



Na Tulaichean (Reel of Tulloch). 

*' The following incident occurred in the latter part of the sixteenth or early 
part of the seventeenth century. A John MacGrigor, usually known as Iain Dubh 
Gearr of the Ruaru branch of that Clan, was at Killin attending St Fillan's market 



Reel of TuUoch 193 

('Feill Fhaolain'), which is held there in January. He was set upon in Street- 
house^ by eight men; but, being very powerful and a splendid swordsman, he 
either killed or seriously wounded the whole of them. Upon this he fled to 
Strathspey, where he married a young lady named Isabel Anderson. Twelve men 
and a superior in command were sent after to take him either dead or alive. He 
was slumbering in a bam when intelligence was privately brought him that they 
had arrived and were near at hand. His first impulse was to fly, but being strongly 
persuaded by Isabel, he resolved on fighting it out. They had a gun and a pistol, 
with plenty of ammunition, and as John fired at his pursuers through crevices in the 
wall, Isabel, who stood behind him, loaded. The result was that in a very short 
time the whole thirteen were severely wounded, whereupon John sallied forth and 
cut off their heads. Isabel gave him a draught of beer which he quaffed ; and 
seizing her round the waist they improvised and danced those reel-steps which have 
ever since been so popular.^ The words were also improvised and sung as a 
mouth-tune, but the music must have been old. 

''John, it is said, afterwards became a peaceable and prosperous man; and it 
has been satis&ctorily shown that the celebrated Doctors Gregory who did so much 
to establish the fame of the Edinburgh Medical School were descendants of his. 
Before settling down, however, there is reason to believe that he 'raised' some 
successfiil ' creachs ' in Breadalbane. There can be no doubt about his period, as 
his name appears in the Record of Privy Seal, of date 15th May 1586." 

^ The local name for Killin Hotel. 

* Probably few who gaily dance this merry reel know anything of the grim tale of its origin. 
Iain Dubh Gearr's name does not appear in the list of August 1586. Although it may read strange, 
yet after the intense strain of defending himself and his wife against such overpowering odds, that 
the excitement and reaction should culminate in violent exercise is not improbable. 



2 B 



194 History of the Clan Gregor 



Na Tulaichean. 

" Bu Ghriogaireach darireadh 
A Ruadh-shruth 'an Gleann-liomhunn. 
A rinn an cebl 'tha riomhach, 
Ris canar leinn na Thulaichean. 

Chorus'-O Thulaichean gu Bhealaichean, 
'S 'o Bhealaichean; 

'S mur faigh sinn leann 's na Thulaichean, 
Gu 'n ol sinn uisg e Bhealaichean. 

B' ann an Tigh-narSridde 
Athug iad ionnsuidh bhkis air ; 
'S mur bitheadh e ro Uudir, 
Bha ochdnar nkmh ro mhurrach air. 
O Thulaichean, &a. 

Ach labhair lan-Dubh-GeJlrr riubh; 
* Bha mi ann 's a' che^daich, 
'S cha chrom mi sios mo cheann duibh, 
Ged thionndadh sibh uile rium.' 
O Thulaichean, &c. 

'N sin bhuail iad uil' air comhladh ; 
'S ged 'bha Ian Dubh na onar ; 
Cha b' ann da m' buannachd tbiseach, 
Bha fuil mu shrbin na h-uille fir. 
O Thulaichean, &a. 

'S 'n uair thaisg e suas a gheur-lann, 
'S a dh' ioc e mheud 's a dh' eigh e, 
Gu 'n tug e 'n sin Srath Sp6 air 
'S bha t€ ann a chuir furan air. 
O Thulaichan, &a. 

Chuir iad cuideachd Uddir, 
Ann d^igh Iain Duibh Mhic Phidruic ; 
'S 'n uair shaoil leo e 'bhi 'n s^ ac' 
'S e bas bh' air a chumadh dhofbh. 
O Thulaichean, &a. 



John Dubh Gearr 195 



Reel of Tulloch. 

"From Ruaru in Glenlyon 
A true MacGrigor scion, 
Made music which we own the chief. 
And which we call the Tullechin. 

CAorus— From TuUechin to Ballechin 
From Ballechin to TuUechin ; 
If beer we don't in Tullechin 
We'll water get in Ballechin. 

In Streethouse at Feill Fhaolan 
On him they made an onset dead 
And were he not most manly brave, 
Eight sturdy men had mastered him. 
From Tullechin, &a. 

Then Black John spake up hurriedly : 
' I'm just come from the armoury 
And will not down my head coward-bend, 
Though all of you should grapple me.' 
From Tullechin, &a. 

On this they all fell foul of him ; 
And though alone he stoutly &ced ; 
Twas not advantage that they won 
For down their cheeks poured bloody drops. 
From Tullechin, &a. 

Then having sheathed his good broadsword 
On shewing what his manhood could, 
He to Strathspey his steps betook 
And there a maiden welcomed him. 
From TuUechin, &a. 

Against Black John MacPhatrick 
Was sent a stout and goodly band. 
But when they thought that him they'd caught 
'Twas death that shaped their destiny. 
From Tidlechin, &a. 



196 History of the Clan Gregor 



Oir thJtinig fios an uaighneas, 
Do 'n t-shabhal 's e na shuain ann ; 
'Tog ort, Iain Duibh^ 's bidh gluasadh, 
'S thoir as cho luath 's a 's una dhuit' 
O Thulaichean, &a. 

'S e thuirt a leannan ceutach ; 
'A ghaoil, cuir ort»' 's bidh treunmhor; 
Is dhuit bi thidh mise feumail, 
Our bidh mi gu d' chuideachadh. 
O Thulaichean, &a. 

' Thoir uidhean dhomh gu stirdail, 
Is lionaidh mi gu dliith dhuit, 
'N sin cumsa 'ghraidh, do ch^l rium, 
'S do shiiil air na h-uile fear.' 

O Thulaichean, &a. 

Sheall e cia lion bh' ann diu, 
Mu 'n rachadh e gu 'n ionnsuidh ; 
Bha di-f hear-dheug 'us ceannard. 
Co teann air 's a b' urra iad. 

O Thulaichean, &a. 

Chum 9 riu a bhbtach, 
'S bha Isabail 'g a chbnadh ; 
Cha do thidr iad gus an eblas» 
'S ann lebn e gu h-ullamh iad. 
O Thulaichean, &a. 

Ghekrr e leum gu h-eatrom, 
Gu 'n ionnsuidh, agus fraoch air, 
Cha d' ag e ceann air h-aon diu, 
Thoirt sgeul air an turas ud. 

O Thulaichean, Sou 

* Mo bheannachd air an t-fihealgair ; 
Ann ad chuirinn earbsa ; 
'S tu rinn an gniomh neo<hearbach, 
'S tu dhearbh a bhi urramach.' 
O Thulaichean, &a. 



Reel of Tulloch 197 



To Black John 'midst his slmnberings, 
A message came in urgent haste : 
' Be up Black John bestir you quick. 
And take you off right speedily.' 
From TuUechin, Sou 

Then said his dariing Isabel 
' Be up and quit you valiantly 
A helpmate true I'll make to you 
In your sore straits to succour you.' 
From Tullechin, &a. 

* Your ammunition hand me quick 
111 load for him I fondly like, 

As you with back straight turned on me 
Your eye keep towards the enemy.' 
From Tullechin, &a. 

Ere Black John raised his battle shout 
His eye he o'er the foe keen glanced, 
Twelve men with one to lead them on 
He found were closing fast on him. 
From TuUechin, &a. 

His musket then he aimed at them 
Whilst Is'bel pressed each charge fast down ; 
And ere their fears to danger woke 
Sore wounded was each one of them. 
From TuUechin, &a. 

Then out he leaped with nimble bound 
And with fierce wrath fierce kindling him, 
No head he left on body then 
To teU of their sad tragedy. 

From TuUechin, &a. 

* My blessings on my sportsman good ; 
To him I will entrust my life ; 

You there in strife a hero stood 
And did a deed of mightihood.' 
From TuUechin, &a. 



198 History of the Clan Gregor 



Thuirt Iain Dubh 's e tionndadh : 
' O n' rinn mi 'n gniomh bha shannt onn ; 
Ghaoil grad thoir deoch do 'n leann domh, 
'S gu 'n danns mi na Thulaichean.' 
O Thulaichean, &a. 

' B' e 'n t* aighear 'us an t-aoibhneas, 
'N am cruinneach re cheile, 
'N uair chluinneadhmid na teudan 
Ga 'n gleusadh do na Thulaichean.' 
O Thulaichean, &a. 

* N a' mrbithinn mar bu ghnkth leam, 
'S MacAilpein a bhi l^mh rium, 
Bu bhinn leam bhi ga eisdeachd 
'N uair thitireadh air na Thulaichean.' 
O Thulaichean, &a." 



Oran Chlann-Ghriogair. (Glenorchy MacGregor's Song.) 

"This song was composed by a MacGregor woman who was married in 
Glenorchy. It dates back probably to the early part of the 17th century when 
the persecution against this unhappy clan raged so fiercely. It points to a time 
when guns were not unknown, but when bows and arrows were still in use. The 
circumstances which called it forth arose out of these troubles. A party of them 
flying from their foes having taken shelter in her husband's house were suddenly 
informed that their pursuers were close at hand and in full view of the front of 
the house. The housewife with great presence of mmd instantly rushed out and 



Gran Chlann-Ghriogair. 

Mi am shuidhe 'n so 'm bnar. 

Air cbmhnard an rathaid ; 

Dh'f heuch am faic mi fear fuadain 

Tigh'n Chruachan a' cheathaich. 

'Bheir dhomh sgeul ah: Clann Ghriogair 

No fios donn a ghabh iad, 

'S iad bu chuideachd a dhomhsa 

Didomhnuich so chaidh. 



Glenorchy MacGrigors Song 199 



Says Black John turning towards his bride : 
' Since I did what I meant to do ; 
Give me a drink of beer to quaff, 
And we will dance the Tullechin«' 
From Tullechin, &a. 

' In meets for joy and happiness, 
What mirth and gladness fills our hearts 
Whene'er we hear the strings attuned 
For giving us the Tullechin. 

From Tullechin, &a. 

•Were I where my desire is set 
Mac Alpin sitting by my side 
With what delight I'd hear him play 
The King of tunes the Tullechin.' 
From Tullechin, &a." 



sitting herself by the roadside commenced singing this song. The other party 
stopped to listen and thus allowed time for the MacGregors to escape by the back 
of the house. 

"The language is highly metaphorical ; but not so much so as to prevent our 
unravelling the meaning. A party of MacGrigors called Dark-blue Stags were 
startled by their enemies at the riverside and chased to the Glen of Mists. One 
of their number a kinsman of the songstress, by whom he is designated the 
'Graceful Bird' was murdered by them. The arrow wound she speaks of having 
received is evidently not a physical wound at all, but the pain of mind she experi- 
enced in consequence. Reciting this to the murderers, she could not possibly even 
with all the protection which her womanhood gave her use plainer language." 

Glenorchy MacGrigor's Song. 

All alone I am seated 
By the side of the highway 
Watching for some coming wanderer 
From Ben Cruachan the misty. 
My hope is he can give me 
Some sure news of ClanGrigor. 
With whom spent I last Sunday 
In kinship and greeting. 



200 History of the Clan Gregor 



Cha d'fhuair mi d'an sgeul, 
Ach iad bhfn d^ air na sraithibh, 
Thall 's a bhos mu Loch-fine, 
Ma 's fior mo luchd-bratha 
Ami an Clachan-an-Diseart 
'G 61 f ion air na maithibh, 
Bha Griogair m6r, ruadh ann 
Lamb chruaidh air chul claidhimh. 

Agus Griogair mdr, meadhrach 
Ceann-feadhn ar luchd-tighe, 
Mhic an f hir d Srath-Arduil, 
Bhiodh na bkird ort a tathaich. 
Bheireadh greis air a chlarsaich 
'S air an taileasg gu aighear, 
'S a sheinneadh an fhidheal 
'Chuireadh fiughair fo mhnathan 

S ann a rinn sibh 'n t-sithionn anmoch 
Anns a' ghleann am bi'n ceathach, 
Dh'fhag sibh an t-£oin boidhaech 
Air a' mhointich 'na laidhe. 
Na stairsnich air feithe, 
'N d^igh a reubadh le claidheamh, 
'S ann a thog sibh greigh dhii-ghorm 
Bho luban na h-abhann. 

Ann am bothan na dige, 
Ghabh sibh dion air an rathad, 
Far an d'fhag sibh mo bhiodag 
Agus criosd mo bhuilg-shaighead 
Gur i saighead na h-araich 
So tharmaich am leathar, 
Chaidh saighead am shliasaid 
Crann fiar ah: dhroch shnai theadh. 

Gu'n seachnadh Righ nan Dul sibh 

Bho f hudar caol neimhe 

Bho shradagan teine 

Bho pheileir 's bho shaighead. 



Glenorchy MacGrigors Song 201 



No news has since reached me 

Of how they are faring^ 

Save, yestreen, that they wandered 

Up and down through the Strath-glades. 

At Lochfyne they were heard of 

If true be my story; 

At Clachan Diseart they were drinking 

Goodly wine with the Chieftains. 

There was 'mongst them red Grigor 
Truest hand behind broadsword 
And big Gregor the light-hearted, 
Of our horsemen the leader. 
Son of him from Strathardle 
On whom bards would be calling 
For a lilt on harp tuneful, 
Then awhile at backgammon. 

He could play a strain cheerjrsome 
On the violin so sweetly 
As would fill the fair maidens 
With joy and with gladness. 
Late at even you were hunting 
In the glen where the mist wreathes. 
There on the top of the moss-bog, 
A grand bird you left lying. 

Stretched out on the soft bog. 
There he lay as you sped him, 
With claymore cruelly tearing 
His comeliest person. 
From the loop where the stream bends, 
You the dark-blue stags startled ; 
In the bothy by the dyke's side 
You took shelter in passing. 

There left you my true dirk. 
With the belt of my quiver ; 
Twas the arrow of slaughter 
That pierc&l my body. 
2 C 



202 History of the Clan Gregor 



Bho sgian na roinn' caoile 

'S bho fhaobhar caol claidhimh, 

'S ann bha bhuidheann gun cbmhradh 

Di-domhnuich 'm braigh bhaile. 

'S cha dean mi gair eibhinn 

'N am ^iridh no laidhe, 

'S beag an t-iognadh dhomh fein sud 

'S mi an deigh mo luchd-tighe. 

'S beag an t-iognadh dhomh fein sud 

'S mi an deigh mo luchd-tighe, 

'S mi'm shuidhe'n so 'm onar 

Air comhnard an rathaid. 



Glenorchy MacGrigor s Song 203 



Through my thigh went that arrow, 
And wounded me sorely ; 
Whose shaft was but ill-trimmed, 
Both crooked and tearing. 

May the God of all Nature 

Thou preserve from grained powder 

Ftom the sharp flashes flaming, 

From bullet and arrows. 

O'er my feice then shall henceforth 

No laugh flit in dimples 

Nor smile of heart gladness 

At mom or night-falL 



Chapter XVIII 

Death of Drummondernoch 

WE now come to the darkest page of our history, the murder of John 
Drummond of Drummondernoch; a crime which we would 
fain believe to have been perpetrated by men of another name. Of this 
deed there are several different accounts which agree in attaching the 
blame to the ClanGregor. The following is taken from the " Black Book 
of Taymouth " :— 

" Bond to pursue the Clan M^Gregour for the murder of Johne Drummond of 
Drumnevenocht. 

" Be it kend to all men. Us undirsubscryveris undiistaning be mony actis maid 
nocht onlie be the Kingis Maisties progenitouris bot alsa be his Maiesties self 
baith in Parliament and privie Counsel anent the daylie morthouris slauchteris 
herschipis and thiftis committit be clannis of hieland men upoun the inhabitantes of 
the laiche cuntreis speciallie be the clan of M^Gregouris : Lyke as laitlie the said Clan 
of M^Gregour in the moneth of Sep. last bipast, maist creuallie slew and murtherit 
Johne Drummond of Drumnevenocht in Glenarkney being under thair doubil 
assurance, the ane grantit be my Lord Huntlie in thair name to my Lord of 
Montroiss assuring that he and al his and in special the said Johne Drummond 
suld be unharmit in body and geir ay and quhil the said assurance sud be upgifiin 
and dischargit on to my Lord of Montroiss be the said Erie of Huntlie, quhilk 
onavyss ves na done afoir the said slauchter nor yit sensyne ; the uther assurance 
to my Lord of InchafTray and all his kin, friendis and surname upone the Monunday 
befoir the said slauchter; sua that nather of the foresaid assurances ves than 
outrun ; the said Johne being directit be his Chief at his Maiesties commandment 
for getting of vennisoune to have send to Edinburght to his Maiestie's marriage, 
the said Clan cuttit and oftuik his heid, and thairefter convenand the rest of that 
clan, and setting doun the heid befoir thame, thairby causing thame authoreiss the 
said creual murthour, lykas thai have done, mening thairby to continew the lyke or 
greter gif thai be not preventit. . . . We undersubscryvand beand sua tender of 
bluid alliance and nychtboiuis being sua of thereft of our frinedis tennentis and 



Death of Drummondernoch 205 

seruandis slane, murtherit and herreit be the said clan of befoir^ and of mind to 
revenge the said creuel murthour and bluid of the said Johne Drummond, hes 
bundin ilkane of us to tak trev and efald pairt togidder for perseuing of the said 
clan and committaris of the said murthour quhairevir thai may be apprehendit, 
and gif thai sail happin to frequent or invaid ony ane of us ve all sail repair and 
hald our forces to the partie invadit, and ve bind us upone our honour and lautie 
that nane of us sail appoint or aggre witht the said clan bot the advyss of the rest 
of the subscryveris. In vitness quhairof we have subscryirt this present with our 
handis at Mugdoge, Inispeifre and Drummen and Balloche the 20, 23, & 30 days of 
Oct 1589. befoir thir vitness Robert Grahame of Auchinclocht, William Drummond 
ofPitcaimis." 

" Drummond Johne Erie of Montroiss 

" DuNCANE Campbell of Glenurquhay Inchaffray." 

" The Erie of Montroiss binds himself to raise 30 men, my Lord Drummond and 
his friends 40, and the Laird of Glenurquhay three score to perschew the said clan 
for revenge of Johne Drummondis slawchter. 24. Dec. 1589." 

The Record contained in the Register of the Privy Council is more 
detailed and gives a full list of those of the Clan who were proscribed^ 
which is here copied for genealogical studies : — 

" 1589-90. Feb. 4. At Edinburgh. 

"The Lords of secret Council being creditably informed of the cruel and 
mischievous proceeding of the wicked ClanGregor, so long continuing in blood, 
slaughters, herships manifest reiffs, and stouths, committed upon his highness 
peacable and good subjects, inhabiting the countries next the Braes of the high- 
lands these many years bygone, but specially how after the cruel murder of umqle 
John Drummond his Majesty's proper Tenant and one of his Foresters of Glen- 
artney committed upon the day of last by past, by certain of 

the said Clan, by the counsel and determination of the whole, avowing to defend 
the authors there of whoever would pursue for revenge of the same, when the said 
John was occupied in seeking of venison to his Highness at command of Patrick 
Lord Drummond, Stewart of Stratheme and principal Forester of Glenartney The 
Queen his Majesties dearest spouse being then shortly looked for to arrive in this 
realm. Like as after the murder committed the authors thereof cut off the said 
umqule John Drummond's head and carried the same to the Laird of MacGregor 
who, and the whole surname of MacGregors purposely convened upon the next 
Sunday thereafter at the Church of Balquhidder where they caused the said umqule 
Johns head to be presented to them and there avowing the said mursder to have 
been committed by their common counsel and determination laid their hands upon 
the pow, and in eithnick (heathenish) and barbarous manner swore to defend the 



2o6 History of the Clan Gregor [1589-90 

authors of the said murder, in most proud contempt of our sovereign Lord and his 
authority and in evil example to other wicked limmers to do the like if this shall be 
suffered to remain unpunished, Therefore Ordain commissions to be made and 
expede under our Sovereign Lords Signet in due form making constituting and 
ordaining George Earl of Huntly, Lord Gordon and Badenoch, Colin Earl of 
Argyle Lord Campbell and Lome, John Earl of Athole Lord of Balveny, John Earl 
of Montrose Lord Graham, Patrick Lord Drummond, James Commendator of Ins- 
cheaffray, Archibald Campbell of Lochnell, Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy, John 
Campbell of Cadell (Calder) James Campbell of Ardkinglass, Lauchlan Macintosh 
of Dunnauchtan, Sir John Murray of Tullibardine Knight ; George Buchanan of 
that Ilk and Andrew Macfarlane of Arrochar, our Sovereign Lord's Justices in that 
part to the effect underwritten, Giving Granting and Committing to them conjunctly 
and severally full power special command and authority to pass, search for seek take 
and apprehend 

1 Allaster MacGregor of Glenstra, 

2 John dhu MacGregor his brother, (killed at Glenfruin), 

3 Dulechay (/.^., Dougal chaich, or Dougal of the mist)^ MacGregor, 

4 Duncan Macgregor his brother, 

5 John dhu macneill Marfarlane^ 

6 Ewin Macfarlane, 

7 Patrick ower MacGregor (in Cadderine — paternal uncle (youngest) of 

Glenstray, No. 38 of 1586), 

8 Duncan Glen MacGregor (paternal uncle of Glenstra, 13 of 1586), 

7 Alexander Pudrach MacGregor (from Balquhidder) under the Laird of 

Weyme (4 of 1586), 

8 Alexander gait MacGregor (paternal uncle of Glenstra, 3 of 1586), 

9 ^Patrick Duncanson in Overzaldie, (Innerzaldie, 9 of 1586), 
10 Gregor (his son), 

II' Duncan his son in Port of Latheme (11 of 1586), 

12 Donald dhu (his son) in Megor (12 of 1586), 

13 vFinla, his son, 

14 [Patrick Johnstoun MacGregor in Dalm-kland (Dalmarglan), 

15 Patrick Ammonach (of Glenahnond) his brother^ (died before 1598), 
16' John, 

17 Duncan, 

18 land Gregor Macphatricks his sons, 

19 John Johnston MacGregor, in Balenacoule, 



20 
21 
22 



Duncan Macallaster in Dundume (15 (?) — 1586), 
John Macallaster his brother there (16 (?) — 1586), 
John MacAllaster his brother in Ballenacoule, 

I Of the Dougal Kier or Ciar tribe, the name sounding alike. 



Proscription after death of Drummondernoch 207 

23/Gregor Macilchallum V^Gregor in Comrie, 
24! Galium MacGregor his brother in Blairinroga, 

25 Duncan slaach MacGregor in Morell, 

26 Gregor Cam MacGregor in Donnyra (Duneira), 

27 Gregor Macconachy moir in Finglen, 

28 William Maceane V^Donald in Clem, 

29 William ower MacGregor in Tullichattill, 

30 Allaster macconachy moir in Glen Torchan, 

31 Allaster macneill in TuUibenacher, 

32 /Allaster macphatrick beg in Carraglen, 
33\Thomas Macphatrick his brother there, 

34 John dhu MacAUaster in Callander, 

35 rjohn dhu macconachy V*^ Allaster in Rannoch, 
36^ Donald dhu, 

37 Und Archibald dhu his brothers, 

38 Gregor macean V^Connachy, 

39 Neill MacGregor, 

40 Allaster MacGregor, 

41 (Dougal Chaich MacGregor (mentioned previously), 

42 (Duncan dhu his brother (ditto), 

43 /Duncan ower MacGregor in Duncrosk, 
44\Dougal his son, 

45 Gregor b^ MacGregor, 

46 Gregor macanroy there, 

47 Dougal maceanduy in Candkirk, 

48 John macconachy V^^eanduy in Rannoch, 

49 Duncan macallaster in Femay, 

50 (John dhu, 

51 (and Allaster his brother, 

52 Neill macconachy, 

53 ( William macneill (52 (?) — 1586), 

54 < Malcolm his brother, 

55 ( Neill macneill his brother, 

56 John bane MacGregor in Femay, 

57 Allaster MacGregor Cleroch there, 

58 Duncan macewin in Creichgarrow, Grandson of Duncan VI. of Roro, 

59 Gregor Machutcheon his son in Couldar, 

60 Duncan Maceancham in Tullichmullen, 



61 
62 

63 
64 



Gregor macconachy in Rorow, (Head of the tribe of Roro), 
John dhu his brother, 

Allaster macewin there, brother of Duncan (58), 
^Duncan Macconchy clerich there, 



2o8 History of the Clan Gregor [1589-90 



65 rGregor Macilchallum in Glenlyon^ 

66j Duncan, 

67JNem, 

68 land William his sons, 

69 r John Macgregor Jameson in Apindull, 
7o-| William, 

71 tDougal his brothers, 

72 Gregor Maceanmoyle (Maol, bald, tonsured) in Bofrak, (97 — 1586), 

73 /Gregor Macneill "N^Invallich in Aidewnaig, (98 — 1856), 

74 Ewin Maceanvallich there, (99 — 1586), 
75' John Roy Maceanvallich there, 

76 Duncan Macinvallich in Comrie, 

77 I Donald Maceanvallich his brother, (the Mallochs), 

78 Allaster Birrach Macewinmoir, 

79 ^Malcolm Macdougalchere, in Balquhidder, (ancestor of Innerardaren, 
29—1586), 

Dougal Maccoulchere in Glengyll, 

Duncan macphatrick V^Coulchere, 

John his brother, 

Patrick, 

and Gregor his brothers, 

John Macgregor "N^Coulchere, 

86 Duncan bane macrob \^earlach in Stukenroy, (21 — 1586), 

87 John Macrob MacGregor in Ruchoise, (22 — 1586), 
Gregor macrob MacGregor, in Comir, (Foot of Benlomond, on north- 
east, 23—1586), 

^Galium M^allum moir MacGregor, kurkhelich (Knockheilt, 24 — 

1586), 
Galium dhu his brother, (25 — 1586), 
Robert Roy his brother in Comrie, (26 — 1856), 
John dhu Macrob their brother, (27 — 1586^ 

93 Allaster Maccoul V*^Gregor in Dishoir, (north side of Loch Tay, 28 — 

1586), 

94 Malcolm MacGregor there, (29 — 1586), 

95 Duncan (30— 1586), 

96 John MacGregor in Drumnauchtie, 

97 Finla Keir MacGregor in Colcarrach, (Culgart, 35 — 1586), 

98 Allaster MacGregor in Strathfillan, (36 — 1586), 

99 John dhu Macilchallum V*^Gregor, (39 — 1586), 
100 Patrick MacGregor V^lchallum, 

loi Duncan Clerach MacGr^or, (39 — 1586), 



80 
81 
82 
83 
84 
85 



88 

89 

90 

91 
92 



Proscription after death of Drummondemoch 209 

02 Gregor Craginslach MacGregor, (40 — 1586), 

03 Donald ower macean derach, (41 — 1586, M^Inleith?), 

04 Malcolm Glas MacGregor in Kinnadie, (48 — 1586), 

05 Dougal Denestoun MacGregor (93 — 1586), 

06 Donald maccoule V^eandane, 

07 Malcolm MacGregor V^Neill in Rannoch, 

08 Dougal his brother, 

09 John beg clerach, 
to Duncan MacGregor in TuUichew, (TuUichewne 73 — 1586), 

1 1 John dhu macwilliam V*^Ilchallum, 

12 Duncan MacGregor M^William, (74 — 1586), 

13 Galium M^ William MacGregor in Rannoch, (77 — 1586), 

14 Duncan M^William his brother, (75 — 1586), 

15 Galium V^NeiU V^Ewin V^Gregor, (76—1586), 

16 Malcolm MacGregor V^William (79 (?)— 1586), 

17 Allaster macinnes in Rannoch, (80^1586), 

18 Gregor macneill V*^regor, Candochaach (Candrochitmirk), (81 — 1586), 
19 /-John his son Ardchalzie, (or Ardquhillerie ?), (82 — 1586), 
2oJEwin MacGregor, (83 — 1586), 

21 [and Allaster MacGregor, his brothers, (84 — 1586), 

22 Allaster macrob in Strathyre, (85 — 1586), 

23 Walter Macalpine in little Gaikie, (86 —1586), 

24 Robert Macalpine his son, (87 — 1586), 

25 Murdoch Macalpine his brother, (88 — 1586), 

26 .John bane macilchallum glas in Rannoch, (89 — 1586), 

27 Gregor Ger his brother, (90 — 1586), 
28, John m^neill his brother also, (91 — 1586), 

29 Gregor bane^ their brother's son, (92 — 1586, where he is called 'Cam' 
instead of bane), 

30 Patrick MacGregor in Cadderlie, (38 again? — 1586), 

31 Ewin erenoch MacGregor, 

32 Patrick maceanroy MacGregor in Dundum, 

33 Neill macdonachie V^Neill, 

34 Gregor his brother, 

35 Gregor MacGregor als Colbanacb, 

36 rMalcolm macean v^conachy son to umquhile John Duncanson in Meltie, 
37 J Duncan, 

38 [and John dhu his brothers, 

39 Patrick MacGregor in Callendar, 

^ Noted, it is said, for fleetness of foot. 
2 D 



2IO History of the Clan Gregor [1590 

and all others of the said ClanGregor or their Assisters culpable of the said 
odious murder, or of theft, reset, of theft, herships, and soming wherever they may 
be, apprehended, to put and hold them in ward, and to the knowledge of an assize, 
or assises for the said crimes, and, as they salbe found culpable, or innocent to 
minister justice upon them conform to the laws, and consuetude of this realm and 
for that effect to sett, begin, affirm, hold, and continue Courts of Justiciary in 
whatever parts, or places, to cause suits be called, to fine those absent, and to 
punish tresspassers, to make create substitute, and ordain Deputes under them 
with clerks, servants, Dempsters, and all other officers and members of Court 
needful, for whom they shall be holden to answer, To summon warn chuse and 
cause to be swome Assises one or more of the best and worthiest persons dwelling 
within Stratheme, Menteith, Atholl, Lenox, and four halfs about, least suspected 
and that best knows the verity of the said matter, each person under the pain of 
forty pounds ; To apply the escheits of the persons convicted, and to be justified to 
the dead, the one half to his Highness Treasurer or Treasurer Depute, and the 
other halif of the same to the takers and apprehenders own use for their labour; 
and if any of the persons abovewritten or others assisting them refuse to be taken, 
and fly to strengths and houses to pursue and besiege them with fire and sword, 
raise fire, and use all force and warlike engines, for recovering thereof And if any 
of them shall be hurt, slain, or mutilated, or any destruction of houses and goods 
take place, Decerning and declaring that the same shall be imputed for no crime 
or offence to the said commissioners, nor they nor none of them shall be called or 
accused criminally or civilly in any manner of way, in time coming Discharging 
and exonerating them of the same for ever by these presents, and that the said 
Commission be extended in the best form with all clauses needful and for the 
space of three years after the same to endure." — Rec. Sec Con. Acta Vol, firom 
1587 to 1589- 

The following Complaint appears in the Register of Hornings, Perth: — 

" 1590. April 4. Complaint at the instance of Levingstoun with the baimis and 
remanent fdendis of Johne Drummond of Drummenerinoch upon Alester 
MacGregour of Glenstra, John Dow MacGregour his brother (here follows a 
recapitulation of the list of names which has been previously given) charging 
them with coming to the number of four hundred persons, setting upon the 
said John Drummond (being direct be Patrick Lord Drummond to our park 
and forestis, for slaying of weansone to have been sent to our palice of 
Halieruidhous for preparation to have been made for the queue our darrest 
spouse cuming to our realm than luikit for) and there schamefuUie and 
cruellie and unmercifullie slew and murdered him, cuttit off his hand after 
the said murder and caried the same to the Laird MacGregor quha with the 



i59o] Death of Drummondernoch 211 

haill persons above written purposelie convened upon the next Sunday 
thereafter at the Kirk of Balquhidder where they causit the said Johne's 
hand be presented to them and allowed that the said murder was done by 
their common consent and counsel, laid their hands upon the samye and 
swore to defend the authors thereof against all that would see the revenge 
thereof." 

In the above document it must be observed that the " hand " of the 
murdered man is mentioned instead of the " head," an important difference 
in refutation of the Ardvorlich legend. 

The Princess of Denmark sailed for Scotland in August 1589, when 
the ship was beaten back by storms. The King eventually embarked on 
the 22nd October to fetch his bride ; the royal marriage took place on the 
23rd November, the winter was spent in Denmark, and the royal pair 
landed at Leith on the ist May 1590. 

From the " Chartulary " :— 

"1590. April 7. James Commendator of Inchaflray,^ brother of Lord 
Drummond was by the High Court of Justiciary at Edinburgh called to 
produce letters at the instance of the Kin and friends of the late John 
Drummond of Drummondernoch to be surety of a considerable number of 
the individuals of the ClanGregor who had been denounced nominatim by 
the Secret Council 4. Feb. preceding, viz Patrik Duncanson in Overzeldie, 
Gregour Duncan Donald Dow, Finlay and Duncan his sones, Duncane 
M^^AUaster in Dundume John M^Allaster his brother yair, Gregour Cam 
M^Gregour in Doura, Gregour M^Condoquhie Vayne in Finglene William 
M*^Ewin "N^Donald in Clwnye (Cluny) William our M*^Gregour in Tullie- 
chettill, Master M^'Patrik beig in Fame Glen, Thomas M^Phatrik his 
brother, Dougall M^CouUicheir in Glengyle, Malcum M^Dougallcheir in 
Balquhidder, AUester M^Robb in Strathyre his 

sones Gregour M*^Gregour alias Cattanach, Malcum M*^Ewin V^^Conquhill 
sone to umquhile Johne Duncansoun in Mevie, Duncan his brother, John 
Dow his brother; That they sail compeir for the slaughter of the said umqle 
John Drummond." — Record of Justiciaiy. 

The foregoing papers give a very circumstantial account of the murder, 
although without any details, and lay it to the charge of some of the 

^ On Aug. 31, 1590, the Commendator was ''unlawit" fined in the pains contenit in Act 
of Parliament for nocht production thairof upoun ilk ane of the persones abone written in the 
pane of fourtie pounds. 



212 History of the Clan Gregor 

ClanGregor. The tradition handed down in Balquhidder, however, is that 
the real perpetrators of the deed were the M^^Ians of Ardnamurchan, and 
there does not appear to be any proof of the painful addition of the 
alleged brutality at Ardvorlich, which, even in those rough days, would 
have been surely looked upon with horror. 

When "The Legend of Montrose" was first published with the ghastly 
tale related by Sir Walter Scott in the introduction. Sir John MacGregor 
Murray was much concerned at this accusation against the Clan, and took 
much trouble to collect evidence on the other side. 

The following letter gives the Ardvorlich tradition in full : — 

" Letter from William Stewart of Ardvorlich to Sir John MacGregor Murray 
dated Ardvorlich 13. Dec : 1812. 

*' With regard to the story of the murder of Drummond of Drummondiamach, 
an account of which I sent to Mr Scott I am sorry I did not retain a copy otherwise 
would have sent it to you, The story is briefly this so far as I have been told by my 
Father and several old men in this neighbourhood, Drummondiamach was Steward 
Depute of the Stewartry of Strathearae under his cousin the then Lord Drummond. 
Some little time before the accession of James VI. to the Crown of England, he 
had been active in apprehending two or three McGregors of a tribe in the Braes of 
Balquhidder called * Clan Duie a cheadnich ' who had been committing depreda- 
tions upon some part of the estate of Perth, and causing them to be executed at 
Crieff; some time thereafter Drummondiamach was surprised by a party of these 
McGregors in the forest of Glenartney and in revenge for the death of their kinsmen 
they murdered him and carried off his head. After committing the deed they came 
down to this place ; at that time Alexander Stewart of Ardvorlich one of my ances- 
tors was married to Margaret Drummond a sister of Drummondiamach's, they came 
into the house, the mistress having set some cold meat before them upon her going 
out of the room, at her return she was surprised to see her brother's bloody head 
upon the table and they by way of diversion desiring him to eat, for many a hearty 
meal had been made at that table. The poor woman in a state of distraction im- 
mediately left the room and it was said she never halted till she went to the spot 
where her brother was killed. Many legendary stories were told of her wildness 
and associating with the deer for several months, but the fact was she was secured 
by her husband and friends, and gradually recovered her reason and lived many 
years after. Immediately after this happened an express was sent to Drummond 
Casde ; soon after letters of fire and sword were obtained against the MacGregors ; 
Drummond of Invermay, a younger brother of Drummondiamach was sent up with 
a strong party here, assisted by a party from the Earl of Montrose, they were like- 



Traditions about death of Drummondearnach 2 1 3 

wise joined by another party here ; they went up the Braes of Balquhidder and 
upon the field below Invementy it was said they killed thirtyseven of them. Some 
time thereafter the proprietor here seized twelve of them, carried them to the east 
end of Locheam and hanged them upon an oak tree which grew upon a spot that 
has been pointed out to me. This I was told extirpated the whole of that race and 
I have repeatedly heard from several McGregors in this country that these were the 
only McGregors implicated in that murder for which they suffered so severely. I see 
by a copy of the letters of fire and sword which are inserted in a late publication 
that this happened in 1589, and that Drummondiamach was at the time employed 
in killing venison for the nuptials of King James VI. with Ann of Denmark." 

Sir John afterwards obtained depositions from old inhabitants of the 
district, which are here given, and followed by two letters from impartial 
correspondents, written at the period when the tradition was brought 
to light. 

Depositions regarding the Tradition of the Slaughter of Drummond 
Eamach, Forrester of Glenarthy in the reign of King James VI. 

"Kirktown of Balquhidder 26. May 1815. 

" Alexander Macnab Residing at Locheamhead aged sixty-nine years, having 
been called to make oath with regard to the above slaughter, and being accordingly 
sworn and examined Depones That he was acquainted with one John Carmichael 
in Leaks in Breadalbane, who died about forty-four years ago, at the age of eighty. 
That several years before the death of the said John Carmichael, who was the 
Deponent's father's neighbour in the same Farm the Deponent heard him repeatedly 
give the following account of the above mentioned slaughter, viz That two young 
Lads of the Maclans or MacDonalds of Glencoe having gone to the Forest of 
Glenartney, of which the said Drummond Eamach was Forrester frightened the 
Deer from the Forest, and were met by the Forrester who, as a punishment cut a 
piece off their ears. . That having gone home and complained of the injury done 
to them, it awoke the anger of their Clan, who in consequence assembled and sent 
a party of their number down to the said Forrest, where having met with the said 
Forrester and a servant, the servant ran away and the Maclans cut off the Forrester's 
head. That having done so, they carried the head to the house of Ardvorlich, the 
Lady of which was sister to the Forrester so slaughtered. That she set meat 
before them on the table, and having occasion to go out of the room to get some 
drink to give them, they placed her brothers head on the table ; and one of them 
was in the act of holding a Caiper ^ to the head saying as she entered " Eat that, 
you are welcome." That she instantly lost her judgment, left the house, and went 

^ Kebbucb-cheese. 



214 History of the Clan Gregor 

to the hill, where according to the tradition she remained for some time amongst 
the Deer until her Husband found her one night in a hut and took her home next 
morning. That according to the same tradition a poor woman of Glencoe a 
Druidess, threw a spell over the Forrester which deprived him of the power of 
seeing an enemy : owing to which spell he would not believe his servant when he 
informed him that he saw the Maclans approaching and advised him to fly when 
he saw danger. That when Ardvorlich's Lady was brought back she had a stone 
in her hand, which is called the Red Stone, but which the deponent who had seen 
it thought resembled a chrystal. and he knows that people from a distance are still 
in the practice of coming to Ardvorlich and taking away water in bottles for the 
cure of their cattle, after the same being stirred about with the stone to which there 
was a chain attached, And being interrogated whether he had not heard that the 
above slaughter was imputed to the Macgregors Depones that he heard so only 
lately having heard of old what he has already deponed to. And being asked 
what impression that late report made upon him ? Depones that he considers it to 
be a lie, never having heard of any enemity between the Drummonds and the 
Macgregors but on the contrary that they were in friendship. That the Deponent 
the foregoing tradition from other people, and particularly about thirty 
"y^rs ago from John MacGregor who resided at Meovey in the parish of Comrie, 
and who died about four years ago aged nearly loo. That he has heard of the 
M^Ians and some of the Glengarry MacDonalds headed by Glengarry's Brother 
whose title was Achuanie, having plundered Breadalbane and of the MacEans 
having once plundered Glenlyon, which was the cause of the enemity between the 
Campbells and the Glencoe people. And being asked if ever he heard of the 
Forresters head having been brought to the Kirktown of Balquhidder and tossed 
about by the Macgregors, Depones that he never did and that it was impossible 
that he ever could have heard it as he had never heard the murder imputed to the 
MacGregors, excepting very lately as before mentioned, and if such a remarkable 
circumstance had happened he thinks the tradition could not have passed away. 
And being asked if he had ever heard of seventeen or any other number of 
Macgregors being hanged upon one tree in Balquhidder ? Depones that he never 
heard of such a report, and considers it highly increditable that if such a circum- 
stance had happened, the tradition could have died away, and all this is truth as he 
shall answer to God.'* 

" signed Alex : M^Nab 

Jo, Coldstream J P." 



"Robert MacGregor in Middle Achtow one of the Elders of the Parish of 
Balquhidder aged sventy four, being solemnly sworn and examined on oath 
Depones that he is the sixth generation of Macgregors who have lived in Achtow. 



Traditions about death of Drummondearnach 2 1 5 

That his father was bom in 1701 and lived to the age of 77, That the invariable 
report from his infancy with regard to the slaughter of Drummond Eamach the 
Forester of Glenartney, which the Deponent had from his father and many others 
was that it was committed by the Maclans or MacDonalds of Glencoe That it was 
in consequence of an injury done by the Forrester to some of the Clan Ian, a party 
of whom came down for the purpose of putting him to death. And being examined 
with regard to the other particulars in the preceding Deposition and afterwards 
having heard the same read over to him Depones and concurs with regard to the 
servant running off from the Forrester when the Maclans approached : of his head 
being cut off and carried to Ardvorlich : of the Forrester's sister the landlady 
entertaining them : of the caiper being put to the head in her sight ; of her going 
to the hill distracted when she saw her brother's head ; of her being taken back by 
her husband, and of the spell or witchcraft which prevented the Forrester from 
seeing his enemies ; Depones that the preceding tradition is more familiar to the 
Deponent from the circumstance, that his great grandfather by his father's side was 
a son of the daughter of the Lady Ardvorlich who was distracted and ran off to the 
hill as before mentioned, and who was sister of the Forrester so put to death. 
Depones That he never heard of the report of the murder being imputed to the 
Macgregors till questioned respecting this his deposition. And which report he 
believes to be fsdse having always heard that the Drummonds and Macgregors 
lived in a friendly way. That he has often heard that the Maclans of Glenco 
were in the practice of coming down and subsisting themselves by plunder in this 
and the neighbouring parts of the country. And being asked if he ever heard of 
seventeen or any other number of Macgregors being hanged on one tree in 
Balquhidder Depones that he never heard of such report and he thinks it improb 
able from never having heard of it. And all this truth as I shall answer to God." 

" Robert MacGrbgor JO. Coldstream J.P." 

Traditional account of the murder of Drummond Eamach : — 
"Balquhidder 16. Dec. 1813. 

''During the time that Drummond Eamach was Forrester in Glenartna two 
young boys named Johnstons or Clan Eoin Glencoe having gone to that place for 
the purpose of hunting the Deers, Drummond Eamach upon seeing them took 
hold of them and clipped their ears desiring them to go home, when they reached 
home they told what had happened to them to their friends, who being so enraged 
that they swore they would be revenged upon him for treating them so roughly. 
They immediately dispatched an old wife who went under the name of a witch to 
bewitch Drummond Earnach. She goes to his sister who being Lady of Ardvorlich 
at that time and says to her, that if she would compliment well, she would give her 
a piece of cloth, which being sewed to her brother's coat he would never see his 
enemy. The lady thinking that the old wife meant that her brother never would 



2i6 History of the Clan Gregor 

have an enemy, gave her some thing and accordingly the piece cloth was sewn to 
his coat, and shortly after this a band of Clann Eoin's friends went to Glenartna 
there to lay wait for Drummond Eamach, and as soon as they saw him they ran 
towards him his servant seeing them coming warned his master, and made off 
himself, Drummond Eamach not seeing any, would not follow his servant, he was 
seized and his head cut off." 

The ghastly tale of the head having been placed on the table at Ard- 
vorlich as related by Sir Walter Scott is repeated, adding that the lady was 
for a week in the forests among the deer, but was found and brought home ; 
her child was bom directly afterwards, and became a Major in the army. 

The deposition is thus certified — 

" We Alexander M^Nab, Locheamhead and Robert McGregor Auchtow Bal- 
quhidder do affirm that we heard the above circumstances told by the people after 
mentioned all of them to the same purpose, Alex : M^Nab heard it from one John 
Carmichael Glen Dochart who died about forty years ago— from John McGregor 
Meovie east end of Locheam where he died above three years ago and was about 
98 years of age also from Lieutenant Stewart Perthshire Militia ; Robert McGregor 
from his father Hugh McGregor." 
" signed 

"Alexr M^Nab. 

" Robert MacGrbgor." 

"Manse of Balquhidder, 19 June 181 7. 
" Robert MacGregor an elder of the Parish of Balquhidder in which his Grand- 
Father & Great grandfather were also elders in presence of the Rev. Alexander 
MacGregor Minister of the said ^Parish, states that since he emitted his affidavit 
relative to the murder of Drummond Eamach which had been unjustly ascribed to 
persons of the name of MacGregor he has been informed by several Natives of 
Lochaber that AUister MacDhuil, Paternal Brother of MacDonald of Keppoch, 
having conceived the design of seizing on Keppoch's lands in the minority of his 
three sons, went to the house of Keppoch on the pretence of visiting his nephews, 
on their return from school, that Alister MacDhuil was accompanied by his six sons 
that the servants of the family were in the fields cutting down com, and the Boys 
left in the house ; that their uncle and his sons taking advantage of this circumstance 
put the boys to death that Ian Lom a celebrated Bard, and a friend of the young 
men had charge of the family, and was superintending the Shearers at harvest 
work; that having observed Alister MacDhuil and his sons going through the 
motion of taking leave of the boys at the door and sometime after the departure of 
these men, thinking it strange that the boys did not come to see the people at work, 
Ian I^m went to look after them and was horrorstruck at finding them murdered 



Traditions about death of Drummondearnach 2 1 7 

that Alister MacDhml and his sons immediately left their country under a con- 
sciousness of the criminality of this atrocious murder that they skulked seven years 
in different parts of the neighbouring countries, and haunted a considerable part of 
that time in Perthshire and particularly near the forest of Glenartney where they 
were in the habit of making free with the deer ; that the present Mr Stewart of 
Ardvorlich had informed the Declarent^ that these men had built a hut in Finglen 
the most eastern farm of his estate very near the forest where they principally 
resided for two years ; that the Forrester Drummone Earanach having cropped the 
ears of these sons of Alister M^Dhuil or of some of that tribe as a punishment for 
their trespasses in the forest, his own murder was the consequence of their revenge 
as the Declarent verily believes ; that Alister MacDhuil and his sons having after- 
wards returned to their own coimtry were apprehended, and their heads thrown 
into a well not far from the house of Glengarry, called to this day Tobar nan ceann, 
or the Well of the heads, That the Declarent was credibly informed that there is a 
tribe of MacDonalds called Clann Dhuil ; another styled Clan Fhionla and that 
several other tribes of MacDonalds have family patronymics ; that the imputation 
of this murder falsely made against the Macgregors was founded on no better 
grounds than the circumstance of a tribe of that Clan being called Clan Duil ; 
whereas there are many tribes in the Highlands of other subnames bearing the 
patronimic of Clann Duil." 

" Robert MacGregor." 

The above declaration emitted and signed in presence of Alexander MacGregor, 
Min. of Balquhidder. 

Letter from Duncan Stewart of Glenbuckie to the Rev. Alexander 
MacGregor, minister of Balquhidder : — 

"5. August 1820. 
" Rev. dear Sir, 

*'From having read the 'Legend of Montrose,' contaming 
allusions to the Children of the Mist (McGregors) as being the perpetrators of 
that horrid deed mentioned therein, I am led to suppose that the author who often 
blends truth and fiction together, has had an erroneous account of an antient but 
true story handed down in the upper parts of Perth and Argyleshire from father to 
son, upon which he founded this part of his narrative. If my memory is correct, 
the story ran thus : — ^The Maclans of Glencoe being upon an excursion to the 
Lowlands, as then not uncommon, being disappointed on their expedition, of course 
much in want of food, in passing through the King's forrest in Perthshire killed a 
hart or deer, the keepers with the principal, Drummond emach as leader, appre- 
hended the Maclans and sent them home with bloody ears, having literally cropped 
them» such insult being more than death was not to be forgiven, The Clan of 

2 E 



2i8 History of the Clan Gregor 

course rushed from their mountains seized upon the unfortunate Drummond, cut 
off his head, came to his sister's house who ignorant of the deed and by way of 
Peace offering entertained them and who upon her return to the guest chamber, 
observed her brother's head upon the table with bread and cheese in the mouth. 
The consequence to the poor woman was distraction running wild with the animab 
of the forrest as hinted in the Legend. 

*' All the share the children of the Mist or McGregors had in these horrid trans- 
actions was perhaps over stretched hospitality in screening the Maclans till they 
could make their escape to their own (for those days) impregnable mountains. 
Having heard of late a good deal of conversation of this affair I think it right that 
Sir John should be informed of what was currently said of it in my younger days, My 
sbter who is much better versed in highland story than I am joins in regard with 

" Dear Sir Your faithful & obd. 

" Dun. Stewart." 

Letter from the Rev. Alexander Irvine, minister [of Little Dunkeld, 
well known for his acquaintance with all Highland subjects, to Captain 
Donald MacGregor, 96 Reg. of Foot, Ayr, afterwards proprietor of Balnald 
Strathardle^ Perthshire : — 

"Dunkeld 12. July 1815. 
"With regard to the murder of Drummond Erinach by a few MacGregors it is 
a made up story to answer the purpose intended, that is to deprive them of all their 
lands. He was murdered by the Johnsons or Maclans of Ardnamurchan, a sept of 
the MacDonalds who even as far down as the 1752. regularly laid the country under 
contribution. Being three years minister in their country, I had every opportunity 
of knowing the history of this roving tribe. It is well known that they came to hunt 
in the forest of Sechallin, Ben Douran, Cruach, and others. Walter Scott took the 
story as he found it and unfortunately gave celebrity to a falsehood. I have written 
the history of the ClanGregor as a part of my account of the Scotch Clans in which 
I have endeavoured to do justice to a long oppressed though noble and generous 
race. If a party of the MacGregors should have in a hunting match killed a rival 
it would not surprise any one acquainted with the histoiy of the age ; such things 
happened eveiy day, but it is enough for ClanGregor to bear their own burdens." 

The foregoing depositions are in themselves interesting, whatever weight 
they may be allowed to carry. 

The Chief at the time of the transaction was Allaster Roy, son of the 
Gregor Roy who was so ruthlessly murdered by old Sir Colin Campbell, 
under colour of judicial execution in 1570. A sense of terrible injustice, 



Poem by Sir Alexander Boswell 219 

the knowledge that his Clan could do no right in the eyes of their cruel 
enemies and traducers, must have most deeply goaded him if (?) he took 
the desperate resolution of accepting for himself and his followers the full 
responsibility of the foul deed, by whomsoever it might have been done. 
With the following extract from a poem on the subject, this painful chapter 
may be fitly closed : — 

Quotation from a poem by Sir Alexander Boswell, printed 

IN 181 1, BUT not published. 

'* And pausing on the banner gazed : 

Then cried in scorn his finger raised, 

* This was the boon of Scotland's King,' 
^ And with a quick and angry fling. 

Tossing the pageant screen away. 

The dead man's head before him lay, 

Unmoved he scann'd the visage o'er 

The clotted locks were dark with gore 

The features with convulsion grim 

The eyes contorted, sunk and dim, 

But unappalled, in angry mood. 

With lowering brow unmoved he stood. 

Upon the head his bared right hand 

He laid, the other grasped his brand : 

Then kneeling, cried, *To Heaven I swear 

This deed of death I own, and share ; 

As truly, fully mine, as though 

This my right hand had dealt the blow ; 

Come then on, our foemen, one come all ; 

If to revenge this caitifiTs fall 

One blade is bared, one bow is drawn. 

Mine everlasting peace I pawn 

To claim fi-om them or claim from him. 

In retribution, limb for limb. 

In sudden fray, or open strife, 

This steel shall render life for life.' 

He ceased ; and at his beckoning nod, 
The clansmen to the altar trod ; 



220 History of the Clan Gregor 

And not a whisper breathed around^ 

And nought was heard of mortal sound, 

Save for the clanking arms they bore 

That rattled on the marble floor. 

And each as he approached in haste, 

Upon the scalp his right hand placed ; 

With livid lip and gathered brow 

Each uttered in turn the vow 

Fierce Malcolm watch'd the passing scene, 

And searched them through with glances keen ; 

Then dashed a teardrop from his eye ; 

Unbid it came — ^he knew not why. 

Exulting high, he towering stood ; 

' Kinsmen,' he cried, ' of Alpin's blood 

And worthy of Clan Alpin's name, 

Unstained by cowardice or shame, 

E'en do, spare nocht, in time of ill 

Shall be Clan Alpin's legend still'" 



Chapter XIX 
Proclamation against the Clan Gregor 

TTj^ROM the Register of the Privy Council :— 

"1590. July 13th. 

<^The King & Council understanding that the ClanGregor being for the 
maist pairt denunceit his Hienes rebellis and at the Home for divers horribill 
crymes and offensis. have of late ' convocate thame selfiis togidder in greit 
cumpanyis, and associat and drawin onto thame the broken men of sindry 
cuntreisy quha at thair pleasour hes maist cruellie and tressonablie rasit fyre, 
brynt, slayne, and hereit his Hienes gude subjectis, reft and takin thair 
gudis, and utherwayis opprest thame in sic sort as thair landis and boundis 
ar altogedder laid waist, and sindry baronis, gentilmen and uthris compellit 
to leif thar huossis, to thair utter wrak, and greit contempt of his Majestie, 
and his authoritie and hurt of the commonweil of theis realme, uttering 
herewithall a disdayne as it wer to his Majestie and all that professis his 
obedience, be countefaitting of his princelie power, making of unlauchfoll 
vowes, gevand proude and disdainfuU specheis, and using of sindry uther 
tressonabill and extraordinar deidis in maist barbarous and ethnik manner, 
as thair wer nayther God nor man to controU and repres this thair con- 
temptuous and insolent forme of doeing : ' and his Majestie having ' efdr 
consultatioun had theiranent with certain nobill men, baronis and utheris 
inhabitantis of the cuntreis maist ewest to the saidis rebellis,' and with 
advice of his council 'thocht meit and concludit that the same rebellis, 
thair resettaries, assistaris and partakeris salbe persewit with fyre and 
sword and all kind of extremitie, ay and Quhill they be reduceit' to that 
effect foil power and commissioun of justiciary has been given to Sir 
Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy ' to do exerce and use that in the premississ 
and for executioim thairof is necessarlie requirit to be dune' with full 
indemnity for him and his auxiliaries in such proceedings. But ' because it 
is understood to his Majestie that thair is sum bandis of mantenance and 
friendschip standing betuix the said Sir Duncane Campbell and sum of the 



222 History of the Clan Gregor [1590 

principallas of the said ClanGregour, as alsua betuix thame and sindry 
utheris nobillmen baronis and gentilmen of the cuntre, quhilkis gif thay 
salbe sufferit to stand and have effect may grietlie hurt and prejudidige the 
execution of this present commission,' the present act discharges all the 
said bandis, and ordains the said Sir Duncane not to band with the said 
rebellis in time cuming, Proclamation hereof is to be made at the market 
crosses and all the li^es within the said boundis and especiallie Johnne 
Earl of Montrois Johnne Earl of Mentdth, Johnne Murray of Tullibardin^ 
George Buchannane of that Ilk Andro MTarlane of Arrochair, and the 
Barons and gentilmen of sic pairtis of Ergyle as are maist ewest thar unto 
'are to assist the said Duncane in the execution of this present commission, 
under the penalty of being held as art and part with the rebels. Further 
George Earl of Huntly, Arch : Earl of Ergyle, Johnne Campbell of Cadder, 
James Campbell of Ardkinglas his curators, Johnne Earl of Atholl, 
Lauchlane M^Intoshe of Dunnaughtane, and Johnne Grant of Freuchie 
are commanded to find sureties within 15 days after being charged, that they 
and each of them ' sail concur, and fortifie and assist the said Sir Duncane ' 
also under the pain of being reputed art and part with the said Clan." 

From the " Chartulary " :— 

" 1590. Aug. I. Decreet Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurquhay in virtue of 
his infeftment and Sasine against Alexander Roy MacGregor (AUester 
MacGregor of Glenstray) Donald Maclntyre and John M*^apersone (Mac- 
pherson) occupiers of Stronmelochan,* Patrick MacGregor V^Donald occupier 
of TuUich, John dhu MacGregor and Neill MacGregor his brother, occupiers 
of Dowletter, Patrick MacGregor occupier of Castellan, and Patrick Oure 
MacGregor occupier of Derdoniche : Defenders decerned in absence to flit 
and remove." — Gen. Reg. Decreets of the Court of Session. Volcxxv.fol. 216. 

Allaster Roy MacGregor (VII.), eldest son of Gregor Roy nam Basan 
Geal, by his wife the daughter of Campbell of Glenlyon, must have been 
very young at the time of his father's death in 1570. Ewin MacGregor, 
" Tutour of Glenstray," is frequently mentioned in public documents, and 
as late as 1581 he was given the first place on the list; the distinctive title 
of Tutour was even afterwards always attached to his name. Another 
surviving brother of Gregor Roy's, often in the Records, was Duncan na 
Glen. 

Allaster M*^Gregour V^^Donache V^ AUester (who had one brother,^ John 

^ From the traditional account of Gregor Roy's wife having only one child at the time of her 
husband's murder (see song believed to have been composed by her, page 161), it is supposed that 
the second son was posthumous. 



i59o] AUaster Roy Macgregor of Glenstray 223 

dhu na Luarach, coat of mail,) appears to have been one of the best and 
most capable leaders the Clan ever had ; brave in action and generously 
willing to share every peril of his people, he was truly an ideal Chief. 
The action he felt compelled to take in accepting the responsibility for the 
Drummondemoch murder proved, however, very unfortunate for the Clan, 
raising the whole power of even the least vindictive landlords against the 
MacGregors, and forming the ground of very severe enactments which 
speedily followed. 

From the Register of the Privy Council : — 

" 1590. August 24. 

^'Caution by Johnne Grant of Freuchy as principal, and Patrik of 
Rothirmurchus, as surety for him, that he will fortify and assist Sir Duncane 
Campbell of Glentu-quhy in the execution of his commission for pursuit of 
the ClanGregor rising with his whole force for pursuit. 
" 1590. August 29th. 

"Duncan MThatrik M^lcheir^ in Innerand, John M^ulcheir there, 
relaxed from the horn for being art and part in the above crime on finding 
caution to appear before the Justice Clerk and his deputes. — Register of 
Homings. Perth. 
" 1590. August 31st 

"James Commendator of Inchafiray called to produce letters at the 
instance of the kin and friends of umqle : John Drummond of Drummaneri- 
noch To take surety of 

Patrik Duncansoun MacGregor, 

Gregor, Duncan, Donald, and Finla his sons, 

Malcum MacCoulcheir, 

Dougal his brother in Glengyle, 

Gregor and Duncan M^Phatrik MacCoulcheir, 

William oure MacGregor, 

William M*^Eane MacConneil, 

Alex : M*=Phatrik Roy Gregor M^onnochie voir, 

Duncan slaich MacGregor, 

Gregor son to Allaster Scorach MacGregor, 

M^ncoU alias Conoch Ion no MacGregor, 

Gregor M'^Ean V*^Connochie, 

John Dow MacGregor in Callender, 

^ MacDoQgal Ciar. 



224 History of the Clan Gregor 

Gregor Cam MacGregor in Mavie,^ 

Patrik his brother there, 

Duncan MacGregor there, 

Duncan MacGregor under James Chisholm, 

John MacGregor his brother there, 

Patrik Murray, 

Gregor WEan MacGregor Capitan of Glenurquhar, and 

John MacGregor V^^Neill, 
for slaughter of said John Drummond." — Record of High Court of 
Justiciary. 
" 1590. 2. Nov : Holyroodhouse. 

" Complaint by Sir Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhy as follows : The 
execution of the commission granted to him for pursuit and punishment of the 
ClanGregor is greatly retarded by the reset of the said rebels at all times 
within the countries of Ergylle & Atholl ' be the ouersicht allowance and 
permissioun of the curatoris of the Erll of Ergyle and of the speciall baronis 
and gentilmen of the cuntrey of Atholl quhairupoun the saidis ClanGregor ar 
encourageit to committ all kynd of mischieff and slauchter upoun the said 
complainar and his friendis, assistaries, with him in the executioun of the 
said commissioun.' There had been such reset of them in the county of 
Ergyle, where they were pursued by the complamer in July last 'and now 
laitlie in the moneth of August they have shamfullee murdreist and slane 
ane man of the Laird of Laweris, three men of the Laird of Glenlyon, and 
ane boy of the said complenaries awne, besydis the barbarous hocheing of 
ky and oxen, soiming and wraking of the landis of Auchnafree, pertaining 
to the said Laird of Laweris. Eftir the Quhilk murthour the said com- 
plenair haveing directit ane cumpany of his speciall friendis and utheris in 
the begynning of August last to the boundis of Rannoch, for apprehensioun 
of anenoumer of the said ClanGregor denunceit rebellis and at the Home the 
said ClanGregor being advertissit of thair cummg fled with thair wyffis, baimis 
and guidis to the cuntrey of Athoill and to the place of Blair, being the 
said Erllis principall dueUing house quhair they wer noucht onlie reset 
by the baronis and gentilmen of the cuntry, bot the same baronis and 
gentilmen, assisted with 23 personis of the said ClanGregor maist cruellie 
invadit and persuit the said complenaris saidis friendis with all kynd of 
extremitie and assayit fortifeis, interteinis and sufferis the said ClanGregor to 
remane within the said cuntrey, quhairthrow the executioun of the said com- 
missioun is altogidder frustrate.' Charge had been duly given to underlie 
pain of Rebellion to Johnne Stewart Neillsoun in the Foss, Johnne Stewart 
M^Andro there, George Leslie Bailie of Athole, Stewart of Bonscuid, Robert 
* "Mevie,"Duncira. 



Glenurchys Zeal Checked 225 

Stewart in Fascastell, (Fincastle ?), Alexander M^Intoshe in Terreney, 
Duncane Robertson in Strowan, Robert Stewart M^ Andrew in Fos, Johnne 
Stewart and Neil Stewart, Johnne Stewart, M^Andrewois son. Alexander 
Robertson apparent of Fascalyie, Johnne and Alexander Menziessis his 
brothers to appear personally and also to present the following rebels 
before the Council, that order may be taken with them according to the 
general band, viz Allaster Pudrach M^^Gregor, Donald Dow M*^Conoquhy 
M^Allaster, Gregour McGregor in Roro, Johnne Dow his brother, Johnne 
Dow M^^Connaquhy V^Allaster, Malcallum M^Gillechallum V^William, 
Johnne Dow M^Callum V^illiam alias M^^Gregouris and now not 
appearing ordained to be denounced." 

But a change came over the state of matters, and the astute Sir 
Duncan got apparently a hint to underlie the law himself. 

On the 14th December of the same year, James Stewart of Stikkis 
became cautioner and surety for the Atholl Barons to compeir before the 
King's Majesty and Lords of Secret Council. Accordingly — 

"1590. Dec. 17. 

"The which day Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy Knight as Principal 
and James Commendator of Inchaffray and John Campbell of Caddell as 
cautioners and sureties for him became acted and obliged conjunctly and 
severally that the said Sir Duncan for himself and all that he is bound to 
answer for by the laws and General Band shall keep the King's peace ; and 
in no ways invade pursue or oppress any of his Highness subjectis otherwise 
than by order of law and justice under the pain of 20,000 merks ; and also 
that the said Sir Duncan shall make his men tenants and servants answerable 
to justice." 

" 1590. Dec. i8th. 

" The which day the King's Majesty with advice of the Lords of Secret 
Council grants and gives licence to Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy 
Knight to contract. Bond, enter in friendship and reconciliation of all bypast 
quarrels, deadly feuds controversies, and debates standing between him and 
his friends, assisters and dependers on the one part, and the surname of 
Clangregor their friends assisters and dependers on the other part, and to 
the effect that the said friendship and reconciliation may be the more perfect 
Grants and consents also that such persons as the said Sir Duncan has pre- 
sently in his custody, retention or keeping being friends, assisters, and 
dependers upon the said ClanGregor be put to liberty and freedom and 
suffered to pass where they please &a &a, Dispensation to Glenurchy from 
any acts of Parliament or Secret Council in the contrary." 

2 F 



226 History of the Clan Gregor [1591-92 

''1590-T. Feb. i8t & 2nd. 

'Contract betwixt Johne Erll of Montroise, Erll of Menteith Lords 
Drummond and Livingstone, Campbells &a. on the one part and Allaster 
Roy M^Gregour of Glenstray &a, (among others Duncane Aberoche in 
Corroquhamik) on the other part registered in the commissary Books of 
Dunblane 12 Oct: 159- Parties ar bomid not to commit slaughter upon 
forthocht felony, upon others nor yet upon suddantie, nor theft &a to 
renounce their own jurisdictions and submit them to the jtuisdiction of the 
said Commissariat." — Register of Homings, Perth. 
"1591-a. Jan. 4th. 

*^ James &a. Of our special grace and favour We have remitted to our 
lovites Allaster of Glenstray 

John Dhu M*^Gregor his brother 

Duncan McGregor na Glen (his uncle vide page ) 

Allaster Pudrach MacGregor (from Balquhidder) 

Allaster Gait MacGregor 

Dougal Chay MacGregor (Chaithe ?) 

Duncan his brother 

Gregor Macconochy in Rora, 

John dhu Macconnachy V^'AUaster in Rannoch 

Donald dhu his brother 

John dhu M^^William 

Duncan MacAUaster V^Allaster in Fenye (Feman) 

Duncan bane M'^Rob. 

Gregor MacGregor in Craiginschathe 

Patrick M*^Gregor in Cadderling, 
and all their friends kinsmen, servants, dependers, and partakers the cruel 
slaughter of umqle : John Drummond of Drummenerinoch committed by 
them in the month of 15B9. and any other criminal actions committed 

by them against John Earl of Montrose, Patrick Lord Drummond, Sir 
Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy Knight and James Commendator of 
Inschaffray, and their friends &a from the date of the said murder.*' 

It seems a curious illustration of the times that so dreadful a murder 
should have been so easily passed over within about fifteen months from 
the date of its committal, unless a doubt existed as to the real perpetrators 
of it 

All seemed now peaceable, but there could not be room for the old and 
new inhabitants of the land. A small dispute in the meantime, illustrates 
this. 



i59i] MacGregor of Ardinconnal 227 

" 1591. May loth. 

** Anent the actioun persewit be Colene Campbell Arbeyth aganis Patrik 
Johnstoun alias M^Grigour Patrik Amenocht and John M^ewin, Anent the 
removing of them from the four merk land of Kingarth (The first and third 
of the defenders not appearing are decerned to remove.) Patrik Amenocht 
appearing personally denied the competency of the Sheriff of Perth & depute 
Because that Duncan Patersoun alias M^Gregour his guidsir Deit heritably 
Rentalit in the landis libellit to our souerane lord And the said Patrik as 
Air, at the leist aperand Air, to his said umquhile guidsir, as succeeding to 
him hes brukit the saidis landis thir diverss zeiris bygane And payit the few 
malles & Dewties to the comptroUeris his collectouris. And therfour be the 
prevelege of the said rentall and daylie practis observit in faouris of all 
kjmdlie possessouris of landis haulden of his Majestie & therefore newayis 
aucht to be removed, protesting the former being discussit to sy forder As he 
may of the laes and therupon askit actis. 

" The pursuer answered that the first part of the pretended allegation 
ought to be repelled, as not specifying that the said Patrik Amenocht is 
dewlie infeft, and sesit, be rentale or otherwayes in the landis libellit nor of 
any part thereof nor that he is air to any of his predecessors, or hes geissin 
rycht proceeding fi'om them, quha ver dewlie infeft & sesit, in the saidis 
landis nor any other sufilicient titill to bruik the samjm. And as to the 
alledgit pretendit rentale gif ony wes grantit to his umqyhill guidsir the 
samyn expyrit be his deceaiss. Attour the saidis landis wer lawfullie set in 
fewferme be our Souerane lordis Darest mother to umquhill Colin Campbell 
of Glenurquhie the said perseweris father fia quham the perseweris rycht 
proceidis, quha during his lyft]rme and sensyne the persewer be him self, his 
tenentis, and seruandis hes been in possessioun of the landis, to be setting 
and reseting therof. At the leist vptaking and ressauing of the mailles & 
dewties of the samyn fra the said Patrik Amenocht thir dierss & sundrie 
zeiris bygane quha throw is acknowledgit and allowit the persewer to be 
undoublet proprietor of the landis libellit &a &a &a. 

'' After various continuations of the diet, the defender (Patrik Amenocht) 
is decerned to remove." — Sheriff Books of Perth. 



MacGregor of Ardinconnal. 

We have alluded in Chapter XL to MacGregor of Ardinconnal in 
Dumbartonshire, where the family were settled as early as 1429. But 
after, bringing its history down to 1544, all subsequent notices about this 
house have been omitted, both to avoid still further complicating the 



228 History of the Clan Gregor [1545-63 

tangled thread of the General History, and also, with a view of now 
presenting the family in a consecutive manner, to serve as an introduction 
to the future troubles with the Colquhouns, which it has been stated had 
probably their origin in this outlying branch of the MacGregors, whose 
quarrels the Clan was of course bound to support. 
From the "Chartulary" :— 

" 1545. July 27. The four merk land of Laggarie belonging in property to 
Patrik M^Gregour, and holding of the Earl of Lennox, and the 6 merk land 
of Ardinconnell, belonging to the Laird of Ardinconnell, are thus mentioned 
in a Charter of Queen Mary of the above, apprysing the EarPs estates for 
the damage done in his late rebellion, to James Stewart of Cardonald." 
4. Jan. 1543-4. Reg. Mag. Sig. xxx 22. (By the laird of Ardinconnell is 
obviously meant the person to whom that property was assigned under 
redemption by MacGregor of Ardinconnel.) 

" ISS9-60' J3^' 17* At Rossdhu ' Instrumentum pro Johanne procutore et de 
nomine Patricii M^^Gregor de Laggarie sui Patris.' Present Colin Campbell 
of Ardkinlass James Colquhoun of Garscube * magistro ' John Wood, Robert 
Campbell of Craignow 'domino' Ninian Gait 'capellano' and Robert 
Colquhoun son of Malcolm. The said day Johnne procurator treulie 
constitute to Patrik M*^Gregour of Laggarie his fader, past to the presence 
of Johnne Colquhoun of Luss, Patrik Colquhoun of Ardinconnel and of 
Umphra Colquhoun sonne and apparent air to ye said Patrik and wemit 
them all thre personnallie apprehendit, to compeir at the parishe kirk of 
Dunbertane and yer upon the Altr : of Sanct Sebastiansis situat within ye 
same to reseiff fra ye said Patrik McGregor or his lawful procurator ye 
soume of 500 merks upon Witsundaye next coming for lauchful redemption 
of ye VIII merk land of Ardinconnell in forme and tenor of ye reversion 
made yrupon." — Record of the Burgh of Dunbarton. 

" 1 56 1-2. Jan : 2 &. Summons before the Court of Session at the instance of 
Patrik McGregor of Legery for himself, and as sone and air to umquhill 
Patrik MacGregor of Legerie his fader aganis Johnne Colquhoun of Luss 
and others, pretendit possessors of the VIII merk land of Erdinconnall, for 
resignation of said lands in Makgregour's favour as now redeemed by him. 
Delayed till i. March." — Reg. of Decreets of Court of Session. 

"1563. March 16. John Colquhoun of Luss alleged that his father John 

Colquhoun of Luss, had had of Patrik MacGregor of Legerie an infeftment 

in the lands of Ardinconnel *lang befor the dait of the said reversion' 

New Term viz 10 May next assigned to MacGregor. 

" 1563. July 6. Colquhoun of Luss decerned to warrand, acquyet, and defend 



1564-1578] MacGregor of Ardinconnal 229 

to Patrik M^regour of Legarie the lands of Ardinconnell, in which 
Colquhoun's Grandfather had been infeft by umqle Patrik M^^Gregour 
under reversion of 400 merks. Nov. 29. Said Decreet suspendit by 
Colquhoun until the princepal action and cause of redemption depending 
before the Lords be first discussit and ane Decreet comdampnator or 
absolvitor given. 

** 1564. June 22. The lands of Ardinconnell decerned to be lawfully redeemed 
by Patrik M^regor of Lagary who had consigned 500 merks in the Church 
of Dumbarton, Colquhouns, Buchanan, and Donaldstoun having refusit the 
ressait thereof and culd not aggre yrupon." — Decreets, Court of Session. 

" 1564. Sep. 8. Patrik Colquhoun of Ardinconnell, grants a receipt to Patrick 
M^^Gregor of Lagarie for 500 merks in redemption of Ardinconnell, at the 
same time resigning these lands into the hands of John Colquhoun of Luss 
in favour of the said Patrik M^^Gregor. Of the same date. Patrik Colquhoun 
protests that this resignation was made * be compulsion ' in obedience to a 
Decreet of the Lords of Council and it should not prejudice his claim of 
warrandice against John Colquhoun of Luss. Accordingly infefhnent was 
given in Ardinconnal, on 6. Nov. following, to Patrik M^^Gregor in liferent 
and to his son John in fee. Another son Archibald is witness." — Record of 
the Burgh of Dumbarton. 

" IS73' Oct. 6. John, son of Patrik M^Gregour was retoured heir of his father 
Patrik McGregor in Ardinconnal." — Retours in General Register House, 
Edinburgh. 

" From the Records of the Burgh of Dumbarton it appears that John 
MacGregor of Ardinconnall married Christian Denzelstoun and that he had, 
three sons Alexander his son and heir who appears in Record 161 2. as 
Alexander Stewart of Lagary John, and Gregor.^ 

"1575. June 25. John McGregor of 'Ardounconzie' (Ardinconnall) against 
Omphra Colquhoun of Ballermye. John M^'Gregor is infeft in said lands 
lying in the parochin of Rosneth. Colquhoun and others though warned, 
refused to leave ther 2 merk land of the wester half of the said lands of 
Ardinconnall Decerned to remove." — Decreets of Court of Session. 

"1578. John MacGregor of Ardinconnell entered into a contract with 
Humphrey Colquhoun of Ballermickmore, That his son and heu: apparent 
shall marry Marion daughter of the said Humphrey and that the said 
Humphrey's eldest son John shall marry Janet daughter of the said John." 
— Record of Dumbarton. 

" 1578. May 7. Decreet in favour of John MacGregor of Ardinconnal 25 June 
1575. is suspended, Colquhoun of Ballermick and John Schearer having 
found security to remove. 

^ See 1602 and 16 19. 



230 History of the Clan Gregor [1580-91 

"1580. Several Infeftments of annual rents this year to which John 
MacGregor, Christian Danzelstoun his spouse, and John 'puer' are 
parties." — Dumbarton. 

" 1 58 1. April II. Maid Neikgregour, sister of John MacGregour of Laggarie 
married John Denzelstoun brother of Robert Denzelstoun in Tullichewin 
Her tocher was loo lib. and loo merks." — Paper in possession of Dennis- 
toune of Colgrain. 

'*I585. May i. The double contract of intended marriages between the 
children of John MacGregor and Ballermickmore discharged by consent of 
parties." — Record of Burgh of Dumbartoa 

''1590. Sep: 29. ' Denunce Buquhannanis ' 

"Anent our Sovereign lord's Letters raised at the instance of Allan 
Macaulay of Durlyne, the Father, with the remanent kin and friends of 
umqle : Walter MacAulay, Duncan MacAulay son also to the said Allan, 
John dhu MacGregor in Ardinconnell, James Colquhoun son to Robert 

Colquhoun in Port, MacAulay Servitor to Robert Colquhoun of 

Ballemie John Miller younger in Drumfeing and MacGibbon son to 

Malcolm MacGibbon in Port complaining of Thos : Buchanan in Blairlosk 
Sherifif depute of Dunbarton and a number of Buchanans &a &a for 
attacking the complainers on the ist of August last in the Highway and 
Street of Dunbarton where they struck, hurt, and wounded the said Duncan 
MacAulay in his head through the ham (brain) pan therof, the said John 
dhu MacGregor behind his shoulderblade, wherethro' his lights and entrails 

might be seen, the said James Colquhoun in his wamb, the said 

MacAulay in his shoulder, the said John Miller in his right (?) and has 

mutilated him thereof, and the said MacGibbon in his head and slew 

the said Walter MacAulay. Defenders not appearing are put to the Horn." 
— Record of Secret Council. 

" 1590. Oct : 6th at Edinburgh. 

"Intran Thos: Buchanan of Blairlosk John Buchanan his son John 
Buchanan Burgess of Dunbartan, Duncan Buchanan of Bracheme, Will: 
Buchanan in Boccurich, Walter Buchanan his brother, Walter Buchanan in 
Bollatt, Mungo Buchanan in TuUichewen, Andro M^Arthoure in Kirk- 
michell, John Buchanan in Drumfad. John Buchanan in Auchmedin, & 
James Buchanan in Fenwick, charged with the slaughter of umqle Walter 
MacAulay sone to Allane M^Aulay of Dowarlin. Sir George Buchanan of 
that ilk, Thos: Buchanan of Drummakill and John Stirling of Gloratt 
became caution for the accused that they shall appear before the Justice or 
his deputes at Edinburgh the 21st of Dec : next to underlie the law for the 
said slaughter." — Record of High Court of Justiciary. 

" 1590-1. March ist. (To which day the case had been deferred) 



Band between MacGregor and MacAulay 231 

"Trial in the High Court of Justiciary of the alleged slayers of Walter 
M^Allay sone to Allane M^caley of dowarlin and certain Buchanans before- 
named. The cautioners are fined for not having produced Blairlosk and 
Bracheme, The pursewers asserted that the deceased was killed by a shot ; 
and that a pistol was fired by Bracheme." 
" 1591. May 27. Band of Manrent MacGregor and MacAulay. 

"Be it known to all men by these present letters, Us Alexander 
MacGregor of Glenstray on the one part and Aulay MacAulay of Ardin- 
caple on the other part, understanding ourselves and our name to be 
MacAlpins of Old. and to be our just and true surname whereof we are all 
come, and the said Alexander to be the eldest brother and his predecessors 
for the which cause I the said Alexander, taking burden upon me for my 
surname and fiiends, to fortify maintain and assist the said Aulay MacAulay 
his kin and friends in all their honest actions against whatsoever person or 
persons the Kings Majesty being only excepted. And siclike I the said 
Aulay MacAulay of Ardincaple taking burden upon me for my kin and 
friends to fortify assist and partake with the said Alexander and his friends, 
as come of his house, to the utmost of our power against whatsoever person 
or persons the kings Majesty being only excepted. And further when or 
what time it shall happen the said Alexander to have a weighty or honest 
cause requisite to have the advice of his kinsmen, and special friends, come 
of his house, I the said Aulay as branch of his house shdl be ready to come 
where it shall happen him to have to do, to give counsel and assistance after 
my power and siklike I the said Alexander Bind and oblige myself when it 
shall happen the said Aulay to have to do, if it is requisite to have the 
counsell and assistance of the said Alexander and his friends, that he shall 
be ready to assist the said Aulay and come to him where it shall happen 
him to have to do, as coming of his house ; Providing always that the said 
Alexander and his predecessors be the eldest brother, the said Aulay is to 
have his own liberty of the name of MacAulay as Chief, and to uplift his 
Calpe as before, And the said Aulay grants him to give to the said Alexander 
a Calpe at his decease in sign and token, he doing therefore as becomes to 
the principal of his house. And we the said parties Bind and oblige 
ourselves each to the other by the faith and truth in our bodies and under 
the pain of perjury and defamation, at Ardincaple the 27. day of May the 
year of God 1591. Before thes witnesses 

Duncan Campbell of Ardintenny 
Alexander MacGregour of Ballemenoch, 
Duncan Tosach of Pittenne 
Matthew MacAulay of Stuck 



232 History of the Clan Gregor [1591-92 

Aulay MacAulay in Durlyne 
Alexander M^Aulay sone to the said Awlay 
Duncan Bayne M^Rob (M*^Gregour in Stuknaroy) 
with utheris 

Signed 

Awlay M® Awlay of Ardincapill 
Alexander M^regour of Glenstre 
Duncan Tosach of Pittene Witness 
Matthew M*^ Awley of Stuk witness 
Alexander M^Aulay witness." 

Transumpt of Bond in General Register House. 

Abridged from the " Chartulary " : — 

'< 1591. July 2ist. At Edinburgh. 

''Suspension William Buchanane in Bucreuch Makend mention That 
quhair throw occasioun of the late troubles, and variance which fell out 
betwix certain of the name of Buchanane and the Laird of Ardincaple his 
kyn and friends qyhair sum slaughter and spoliatioun of gudis hes chancit 
The said Laird hes consauit ane deidlie hatrend and malice aganis die said 
complenar, and hes sutit (sought?) and daylie seikis all indirect meanis to 
troubill him And first the complainer having been found innocent before 
the Justice ' The said Laird finding himself disappointit at that tyme of his 
intentioun He intendis now under the pretext and cullour of justice and of 
his Majesties powar and authoritie To some, herey, and wrak the said 
complenars haill landis and possessiouns, And to mell and intromet with 
his gudis and geir ' &a * proceeding on this point by ane act of parliament 
(Nov 1581,) For executioun of the quhilk act the said Laird of Axdincapill ' 
&a ' Bot alsua hes associat unto himself and brocht within the cuntrie the 
Lard Makgregour and ane greit noumer of his Clan all thevis, broken men 
& soim aris Be quhais assistance he intendis now to put to executioun his 
preconsauet hatrend and malice aganis the said complenar' &a &a Thair- 
fore it is naways equitable that he because he is of the name of Buchannane 
sould be burdynet or troublit for the misbehaviour of the broken men of the 
cuntrie &a." (M^ Aulay 's letters suspended till he shall produce them to the 
Council.) 

1592. July. Sir Humphrey Colquhoun of Luss was besi^ed in his 
castle of Bunachrea by the MacFarlanes, when the castle was burning Sir 
Humphrey perished in the flames as it would seem. No mention is made 
in the " Chartulary " that any MacGregors were concerned in this affair of 



1592] Attack on Sir Humphrey Colquhoun 233 

which the facts are traced by two entries in the Records of The Privy 
Council several years later chai^ng certain MacFarlanes with the crime. 
In the work, " The Chiefs of Colquhoun," to which reference has already 
been made,^ the following account of the event is given from traditions 
current in the Colquhoun country. But it must be remembered that 
amidst the complaints so freely made against the ClanGregor none on this 
subject are to be found in public Records. 

After alluding to the recent band with Ardincaple Sir William Fraser 
continues : — 

" From these connexions and alliances of the ClanGregor, it is easy to see how 
they might be brought into collision with the Colquhouns, and how the growing 
hatred between them might ripen into a standing feud. The Colquhouns were at 
enemity with the Earl of Argyll, as well as with the ClanGregor ; and it was the 
uniform polity of the Earls of Argyll to have the MacGregors always about them in 
such force as to enable them at will to annoy their neighbours, and to take summary 
vengeance on their personal enemies. ' That the Colquhouns and the MacGregors 
were in a manner constituted enemies to each other from the position in which 
the MacGregors were placed by these bonds and alliances, is confirmed by actual 
fact ; for in the very next year after the bond made between Macaulay of Ardin- 
caple and the MacGregors the latter ^ strengthened by the Macfarlanes, came into 
collision with the Colquhouns. In July 1592, a body of the Macfarlanes and the 
MacGregors descending from the mountains, committed extensive depredations 
upon the fertile lands of Luss, which were now ripening for the harvest, to repel 
the aggressors, Sir Humphrey collected together a number of his vassals, and was 
joined by several neighbouring landed proprietors. The hostile parties met, and 
a sanguinary conflict which lasted till nightfall ensued. Sir Humphrey's assailants 
were more than a match for him and he was forced to retreat He betook himself 
to his castle of Bannachra, a stronghold which had been erected by the Colquhouns 
at the foot of the northside of the hill of Bennibuie, at the south end of the parish 
of Luss. But here the Knight did not find the shelter he expected. A party of 
the Macfarlanes and Macgregors pursued him and laid siege to his castle. One of 
the servants who attended the Knight was of the same surname as himself. He 
had been tampered with by the assailants of his master and he treacherously made 
him their victim The servant, while conducting his master to his room up a 
winding stair of the castle made him, by preconcert, a mark for the arrow of the 
clan who pursued him, by throwing the glare of a paper torch upon his person 
when opposite a loophole. This afforded a ready aim to the besiegers whose best 

^ By the friendly pennission of the author. 

^ No proof of this statement that the MacGregors were in this raid is adduced. 

2 G 



234 History of the Clan Gregor [1593 

bowmen watched for the opportunity. A winged arrow darted from its string with 
a steady aim, pierced the unhappy knight to the heart, and he fell dead on the 
spot. The fatal loophole is still pointed out but the stair, like its unfortunate Lord, 
has crumbled into dust'^ 

"Traditions regarding these lawless proceedings still linger in the district 
around the ruins of Bannachra. The memory of the traitor servant is still held in 
odium, and his descendants are known to this day as the ' Traitor Colquhouns.' 
While it is plain how Sir Humphrey was assassinated, it is unknown by whose hand 
the deadly arrow was actually shot^ 

A contemporary chronicler in a work " Diary of Robert Birrell Burgess 
of Edinburgh " charges a younger brother with having been executed for 
murdering " the Laird of Lusse," but there is no other evidence in support 
of it Sir Humphrey was only 27 at the time of his death. He was 
himself " at the Horn " for non-appearance to answer for the slaughter of 
William Brisbane of Barnishill. 
From the " Chartulary " :— 

" 1593. May 3. Exemption to the Lairds of Luss and Ardincaple, Anent our 
Sovereign Lords letters raised at the instance of Alexander Colquhoun of 
Luss, and Alan (Aulay M^Aulay of Ardincaple evidently reconciled to Luss.) 
making mention that where Robert Galbraith of Culcreugh by the special 
devise and Counsell of George Buchanan of that Ilk has lately purchased a 
commission of Justiciary from his Majesty for purduit of the ClanGregor 

their resetters and assisters, with fire and sword, which commission 

the said Robert has not purchased upon an intention to attempt anything 
against the ClanGregor but under coUour thereof to extend their hatred 
against the said complainers, with all extremit and under pretence of 
searching and seeking of the MacGregors to assiege their houses, &a. In 
consequence of this complaint Culchreuchs commission is taken from 
him. 
'^1593. May 8. Alexander Colquhoun of Luss besides finding caution 
conforme to the General Bond (i.e. Act of Parliament 1587.) Binds himself 
and others not to intercommune with any of the names of Buchanan, 
MacGregor, or MacFarlane. Robert Galbraith eventually comes under a 
similar Bond on the 20. May." 

Without direct evidence against the Luss Tradition that the Mac- 
Gregors were art and part with the Macfarlanes in the Raid of Bentoig, 
the above excerpts do not agree with the tone of rancour that might have 
been expected had there been a Blood Feud. 

^ Chiefs of Colquhoun, vol. L, pages 157 and 158. 



Chapter XX 

T^ROM the " Chartulary " :— 

"1592. Oct 22. at Perth. Edward Reidheuch (or Riddoch) and Beatrix 
Drummond his spouse, against Alexander M^Gregour of Glenstra Principal 
and Chief man of the surname of M^Gregouiis, Johne Dow M^Gregour his 
brother, Johne dow M^Gregour M^Ewin, and certain Comries and utheris 
quha daylie and continuallie boistes and menaises the saidis complenars 
intending to accumpane themselves with the haill surname of Ma<^egouris 
and Comries and cum down in the cuntrie and wrak the saidis complenaris 
(who had been ejected from the 20 shilling land of Tullibanchar) the saidis 
personis, specialUe the Laird of MacGregour being outlaws, men quha, thir 
mony yeiris bigane hes wrakit the haill law cuntrie, and committit mony 
slauchteris and heirschippis upoun the induellaris thairof, neither feiring God 
nor regarding our lawes as is evident to the Lordis of our Counsale and haill 
cuntrie." — Register of Homings, Perth. 

"Nov. 7. At Perth. Homing proceeding on a Decreet obtained before the 
Court of Session by Sir John Murray of Tullibardin Knicht 13. June last. 
Decerning and ordaining Duncan M^Phatrik M^CouUcheir, and Johne 
M^Gillechallum, to remove from his land of Innemantie, lying in the 
Lordship of Balquhidder and Sheriffdom of Perth. Witnesses to the 
execution of the Charge, Donald M'^Inteir Balquhidder and Gregor 
M^Gregour alias Gun, in Dalveich. and Johne Dow M^Gillemichel in 
Lewin." — Register of Homings, Perth. 

"Nov. 15. Duncane M^Phatrik M^Coullcheir M*^Gregour having been de- 
nounced rebel for not obeying the above charge. Sir John obtains a gift 
of his Escheit. under the Privy Seal" 

About this time a list of the principal men of the ClanGregor belonging 
to the three chief houses was made out, apparently by order of the Govern- 
ment, in compliance, doubtless, with the scheme laid down in the General 
Band of 1587. An original list has been preserved as a State paper, which 



236 History of the Clan Gregor 

was formerly in the Collections of Lord Hopetoun, and is now in the British 
Museum. Mr MacGregor Stirling copied this document (which he states 
had been discovered in a " private collection ") more than sixty years ago, 
in one of his MS. genealogical volumes^ with the following remark : — 

" It is a formal schedule, which bears that it was handed by the Clerk of the 
Register to Sir John Murray (afterwards ist Earl of Tullibardine) for revision and 
correction. Sir John deletes some of the names, and supplies others. The name of 
Duncan Abroch had been omitted and is added by Sir John Murray under the 
House of Gregor M^Ean. but he did not correct the patronymics of Duncan Glen 
the uncle of Allaster of Glenstray. The first list in the letter is genealogical, while 
in the second the individuals are arranged without regard to descent." 

Letter (precise date not known*) from Sir Alexander Hay, Clerk of the 
Secret Council, to Sir John Murray of Tullibardine, Kt. : — 

" Endorsed * To the lard of Tullibardin anent Hielandis ' 
Also • To the Rgt honoll the Lard of Tullibardin this. 

Anent the Clangregour. ' 

I may not omit to thank zou maist humblie for zour advertisement. And | 

nixt to pray zou zit again to louke thir names, and notand twa to be chargeit I 

to enter for everie branche of thir first thre rankis to deleet the remanent for 
I am pntlie (presently) directand away the Lrz (letters) and to gar this berair 
mend quhir thair is ony wrang spelling or wanting of stylis. 

For the lardis i. Johne dow M^Gregour brother to the Lard McGregor 
awin gang 2. Duncane Glen M^Gregour* V^^Gregour M*^Ewne 

3. Donald dow M^^Condoquhy V^Alister in Rannoch 

*i. John Dow, brother of Glenstray. 

*2. Duncan na Glen na Phanan, uncle of Glenstray (repeated in 2nd list). 
3. Donald Dow M^Condoquhy V^Alister, probably of the Ardlarich family. — See No. 8. 

^ Mr MacGregor Stirling makes special reference to this List in the " Memoir of the House of 
Glenstray," which forms one of his small genealogical volumes. In 1889, the same paper was copied 
in the British Museum, and sent to Lady Helen MacGr^or of MacGregor by Mr Robert Armstrong, 
a gentleman much interested in historical researches, but who knew nothing of Mr MacGregor 
Stirling's previous reference to it. 

" Reference is made to the Three Houses in an "Offer" by Glenstray, dated July 1599.— See 
chapter xxii. 

» Properly D. Glen M^Allaster V*=Eane V^Ewine. 
The numbers are here added to connect such names as appear in both lists. 
* These obtained a remission, 4th June 1592. 



List of Chief Families of the Clan Gregor 237 

For the gang 4, Gregour M^^Condoquhy in Rora 
and hous of 5. Gregour M'^Neill in Ardewnych 

Roro 6. John dow M*^Condoquhy bruther to Duncan M^XlIondoquhy 

7. William M^Gregour M^Gillechallum M^^anevoill 

8. Johne dow M^^Condoquhy Keir M^Alister in Rannoch 
For the hous 9. Gregour M^Ane in Brakley in Glenuraquhy 

and gang of 10. Gregour greginshawch M^^Gregour 

Gregour M*^Ane 11. Duncan abrach M*^Gregour in Correcharmich under Glen- 
urquhy 
12. Duncane bane M^Rob in Stukaneroy 

The names of the principallis houshalderis of the ClanGregour 

2. Duncane a Glen M*^Gregour in Faima under the Erll of Ergyle 

13. Alester gald M*^Gregour in under the Erll of Ergyle 

14. Alester Pudrayt M'^Gregour under the lard of Weyme 

15. Malcohne M*^Coulkeir M^Gregour in under the lard of TuUi- 

bardin 

16. Dougall M^'Coulkeir M^^Gregour in Glengyle under the lard of Buchannan 

*4. Roro (repeated in 2nd list). In a MS. history (to be given later) he is called VII. of Roro. 

5. Gregour M*=Neill in Ardeonaig. Twenty pound land at an early period in the possession of 
the old Earls of Lennox, the western half devolved later on Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Murdoch 
Menteith, wife of Napier of Murchiston. As the Gregour M'^Neill in 2nd list was also under the 
Laird of Murchiston, he was probably identical with No. 5. Ardeonaig was afterwards held by a 
family of MacGregors till the end of the 17th century, when it fell to the Campbells of Edinchip, 
and eventually to the Campbells of Breadalbane. — ^Taken from the " Lairds of Loch Tay Side " 
(repeated in 2nd list). 

*6. John dow, brother to Gregor No. V., who is known to have had a brother John, mentioned 
in list 1589. They were sons of Duncan, and may have had a brother Duncan also. 

7. This William's last name is M^Ane (or Ian) Moyl (bald), therefore he was probably related 
to No. 20. Also probably occupied Stuenochane-Rannoch. — See page 242. 

8. John dow M^Condoquhy Vic Alister occupied the 6 merk land of Ardlarich in Rannoch, the 
addition " Keir" may have been an error ; it is, however, remarkable that he is here placed with 
Roro, whereas the Ardlarich family are believed to have branched off from Glenstray. 

9. Gr^our M'^Ane (Brackley in Glenurchay had by this time devolved on a cadet of Duncan 
Ladosach's family). Gregor was Captain of the Castle of Glenurchay, under Sir Colin, 1570. 

*io. Gregour, Gr^[inshawch, i.tf., Craiginshache or Craggan. There was a lard called Craggan 
on Aldeonaig. 

II. Duncan Abrach had obtained Corriecharmaig in the Braes of Glenurchy from Glenurchay 
by the mediation of Locheil ('' Baronage ") (repeated in 2nd list). 

*I2. Duncan Bane M^Rob McGregor in Stukenroy (repeated in 2nd list, also in Craigrostan, 

1583). 

*I3. Alester Gait, brother of Duncan na Glen and uncle of Glenstray. 

*I4. Alester Pudrayt (Pudrach from Balquhidder). Although here mentioned as under the 
Laird of Weyme (Chief of Menzies) he is mentioned, July 29th, 1595, as under Stewart of Grandtully. 

15. Of the Dougal Ciar family, in Innerlochie in Balquhidder (or Innerlochlarg). 

16. Do. 



238 History of the Clan Gregor [1592-93 

17. Paterk M*Condoquhy McGregor in Glenlddnoch under the lard of 

Tullibardin 

18. Duncane ower M^Aneduy McGregor in under the Lard of 

Lawers. 

19. William Oig M^eill McGregor in Faimy under the lard of Strowan 

5. Gregour McNeill M*^Gregor in Ardelbuyct under the Lard of Merchiston 

20. Gregour M^Ane movU McGregor in Innervar under the Lard of 

Glenlyoun 

21. Patrik M^Gregour in Cawderly in GlencorfF under the Lard of Caddell 

22. Paterk Amonach McGregor in Kingart under Colin Campbell of 

Ardbeycht 
4. Gregour M^Condoquhy M^regor in Roro in Glenlyoun under the Lard 

of Weyme 
12. Duncane bane M^Rob McGregor in Stukenroy under the Lard of 

Buchannane 
II. Duncane Abroche M*^Gregour in Corrie Chamaig under Glenurquhy 
yours to command with service 

(Signed) A. Hay." 
From the " Chartulary " :— 

*' Commission to the Earl of Argyle against the ClanGregor and the 
" Stewarts of Balquhidder. 

" 1592-3. Feb. I. Forsamekle as it is understand to the Kingis Majesty and 
Lordis of his Secreit Counsale, That the wicked ClanGregor, the Stewartis 
of Baquhidder, and divers utheris brokin men of the hielandis, being dividit 
in severall cumpanys have continewit this lang tyme bigane as thay do yit, 
in committing of murthouris, slauchteris, manifest reiffis, stouthis, soimings, 
heirshippis, and oppressiounis upon his hienes peceable and gude subjectis 
inhabitantis of the cuntreyis ewest the brayis of sum pairties of the lawlandis 
nixt adjacent to the saidis hielandis, to the grite offens of God, contempt of 
his Majestie and his authoritie and utter wrak of mony honest househalderis, 
quhais landis and rowmes presentlie lyis waist, unoccupiit, to the grite hurt 
alsua of the commounwele ; For remeid quhairof, His Majestie hes gevin 
and grantit and be thir presentis gevis and grantis, his hienes full power, and 

17. One of the Innerzeldie family. 

18. Duncan Our in Glenlochy (or Duncrook). 

19. William oig M^eill McGregor in Femen under Strowan Robertson (Boirland, Femochie 
and Mid Femochie. 

20. Gregour M^Ane Moyll M<=Gillechallum M*=Gregor.— See No. 7. 
*2i. Patrick McGregor in Canderly in Glencorff (or Cadderling). 

22. "Amonach" from Glen Almond— but Kingart was under Colin Campbell of Arbeyth. 
See page 227. 



1592-93] Commission against Clan Gregor 239 

commissiouD, Expres bidding, and charge, To his Rycht traist Cousing 
Archibald Erll of Ergyle Lord Campbell and Lome, his Hienes Justice 
Generall, All and sindrie personis of the surename of the M^Gregour and 
the Stewarts of Baquhidder, thair assistaris, and pairt-takeris to charge be 
his precept, and compeir befoir him at sic dayis as he pleis appoint, To find 
souritie, or to enter plegeis, as he sail think maist expedient for observatioun 
of his hienes peace, and quietnes, and gude reule in the cuntrey and that 
thay sail be ansuerabill to Justice, conforme to the lawis and actis of parlia- 
ment undir the pane of rebellioun : The personis disobeyand to caus de- 
nunce at the home, And thereftir to convocat his hienes liegis in weirlike 
maner within the boundis of the Schireffdomis of Dunbarton, and Perth as 
lyis within the parrochynnis of Fothergill, M^Lagan, Inchechaddin, Ardew- 
niche, Killin, Straphillane, Cumry, Tullikettle, Strowane, Monyward and 
Monzie, the Porte Callenteich, Kilmahing, Lany, AberfuU, Luss, Drymmen 
and Inchecalzeoch j Requiring alwayes the aduice and concurrence of 
Ludovick Duke of Lennox and John Earl of Athoill, in persute of the 
personis of the said ClanGregour duelland, or hantand, within the boundis 
of thair commissionsis or Regalitie Dunbartane, Perth, and Stewartries of 
Stratheme and Menteith, and to pas serche seik and tak the saidis rebellis 
quhairevir thay may be apprehendit, and to putt thame to ane assise and 
minister justice upoun theme or utherwayes to bring and present thame befoir 
the Justice or his Deputis in the Tolbuith of Edinburgh, to the effect justice 
may be execute upoun thame for thair demeritis conforme to the lawis of 
this realme, Courte, or Courtis of Justiciarie, als oft as neid beis within the 
saidis boundis, or ony pairt thairof, to sett, begin affix, hald, and als oft as 
neid beis to continew &a. &a. (as in Commissioun of Fire and Sword 4. Feb. 
1589-90.) And ordainis lettres to be direct to mak full publicatioun heirof at 
all placeis neidfull quhairthrow nane pretend ignorance of the samyn ; And 
to command and charge all and sindrie the Baronis and Lairdis oif Glen- 
urquhy, Ardkinglass, Laweris, Glenlyoun, Coline Campbell of Arbeyth 
and all uthiris Baronis, Landit men, Gentilmen and utiieris his Hienes 
liegis quhatsomevir within the saidis boundis conteinit in this commissioun, 
actual duellaris thairin, to ryse, concur, repair to the said Archibald Erll of 
Ergyle or his saidis deputis at sic pairties, placeis, and at sic tymes, and to 
remane and pas fordwart alsoft, and with samony dayis victuallis, and pro- 
visioun as thay salbe advuertisit and wamit be the said Erllis proclamatiounis 
or missive lettres at all tymes and occasiouns, for persute and reduceing to 
his Hienes obedience of the saidis ClanGregor, the Stewarts of Baquhidder 
and utheris foirsaidis ; and on nawayis to absent thameselffis, shift, excuse 
or delay upon ony cullour or pretens to the hindrance of his Majesties 
service and quieting of his estate and cuntrey, undir the pane of^^sale 

/ 

/ 



240 History of the Clan Gregor 

(loss) of lyfe, landis and guidis. And the said Commissioun for the space 
of three monethis to enduir." — Record of Secret Coun. 

" Eodem die. 

" Charge against certain Principal men of the ClanGregor to appear before 

" the Earl of Argyle at Stirling. 

" Forasmekle as oure Soverane Lord is certanelie advuerteist of the present 
disordouris, heirshippis, soimingis and oppressiounis daylie committit be the Clan 
Gregour in contempt of his Hienes auctoritie, and to the grite trouble and inquiet- 
ing of the peceable and guid subjectis of the cuntreyis adjacent quhilk is liklie to 
draw on forder Inconvenient gifT tymous remeid be not providit ; Thairfoir ordanis 
Lettres to be direct to command and charge " 

The List is the same as that of the " Principallis houshalderis " in the 
document sent to the Laird of TuUibardine as given on previous page, 
excepting 8, viz. : Nos. i, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14. 

" To compeir personallie befoir the Erll of Ergyll his Hienes Justice General 
and Lieutenant in that part, at Striuiling the day of Feb. instant to ansuer to 
sic thingis as sail be layed to thair charge concerning thair obediens to his Hienes 
and his auctoritie and gude reule of the cuntrey under the pane of Rebellioun &a 
and with certificatioun &a And as thay salbe halden mantenaris and pairt-takaries 
with the broken men of the said Clan in thair rebellioun and wicked deidis, and 
punist for the same with all rigour in example of utheris." — Record of Secret 
Council— (Acta). 

Various transactions with regard to AUaster MacGregor of Glenstray 
about this time are somewhat complicated. 
From the " Chartulary " :— 

"1590. Aug. I. Decreet from the Court of Session obtained by Sir Duncan 
Campbell of Glenurquhy in virtue of his infeftment and sasine against 
Alexander Roy Macgregor, Donald Maclntyre and John Macpersone 
Occupiers of Stronmelochan, Patrick McGregor V*^Donald occupier of 
Tullich, John dow M*^Gregor and Neill his brother, occupiers of Dowletter, 
Patrick McGregor occupier of Castellan, and Patrick ower MacGregor 
occupier of Demdoniche, charging them to flit and remove from said lands. 
Decerned against them in absence. N.B. The above lands are all parts of 
the 20 shilling lands of Glenstray on which neither Allaster MacGregor nor 
his father Gregor had been feudally invested. Hence it was possible to 
eject MacGregor and his subtenants from them. 



\ 
\ 



J 594-95] Entries from Chartulary 241 

"1594-5. March 17. Act in favour the Laird of Glenurquhy. Complaint by 
Sir Duncan Campbell, apparently with the view of obtaining exoneration 
from being answerable (according to the regulations of the General Band) 
for Allaster MacGregor who was still at his Majesty's Horn ' not having 
removed fra the said Sir Duncan's Landis of Stronmeloquhan and thair 
pertinentis) and becaus he remanit at the said proces of home as he dois zit 
unrelaxt, and in the meantime still possest and occupiet the said Sir 
Duncanis Landis be violence aganis his will, as he dois yit Notwithstanding 
that he be his proceeding aganis the said Alexander in maner foirsaid hes 
followit oute the ordour prescrivit be his Majestic and his Esteatis be the 
lait Act of parliament maid anent the removing of broken men fra landis 
quha ar not ansuerable, nor sail not find cautioun to be ansuerable to 
Justice for relief of thair landislordis and Maisteris ' ; the said Duncan had 
presented a previous supplication to his Highness and the said Lords in 
Feb. last craving that by Act of Council they would declare that neither he 
nor the cautioners lately found by him should be answerable for the said 
Alexander. Although his desire had been found reasonable, yet, because 
the said letters were not then produced to verify the premisses the giving out 
of the said Declarator had been suspended till the letters should be pro- 
duced. This having been done by Sir Duncan it is decerned and declared, 
that the said petitioner and his cautioners shall not be answerable for the 
said Alexander in time coming. 

" 1595. May. Item payit to Geoi^e Johnstoun Messenger passand with letteris 
to charge Archibald Erie of Ergyle, Schir Duncan Campbell of Glenurquhy 
Knight Johne Murray of Tullibardine Knicht and others to entir and present 
certane of the M*^Gregouris and uthir broken men of the Hielandis specifiet 
in the said letters. 

"1595. May 24. Alexander Menzies of that Ilk obtained a Decreet in the 
Court of Session proceedmg on the Act of parliament (the General Band) 
against Alexander M^^Gregour of Glenstray pretendit tenant and occupier of 
the 32 merk land of Rannoch be himself and subtennentis underwritten viz 

Rannoch MacGregors. 

Alester (bereicht) M*Gregour M^^Ewin voir, 
Duncan M*^Ewin voir M^^Gregour, 
John M^Coneill Kinneis (V^^Innes), 
occupearis of the 2 merk land of Downan. 

Alester McGregor, Malcolme M^illiam, and Finlay M^^Williame, 

— occupiers of the 4 merk land of Kinclachar (for Malcolm see No. 75 Letters 

of Homing, Perth, 1586, page 179). 

2 H 



242 History of the Clan Gregor [1595 

John (McGregor) M^T^Eaneduy, and John M^Gillevie, 
Occupearis of the 40 shilling land of Camuserachtie moir. 

John M^illiame and 

Malcolme M*Williame, 
occupearis of the 40 shilling land of Camuserachtie beg; 

Ewin dow, occupear of the Miln and Milne Croft of Ardlariche, 

John dow M*^Condochie V^AUester, 
occupear of the 6 merk land of Ardlarichie. 

John M*=Phatrik V^'Gregour, 
occupear of the 2 merk land of Kilconan. 

Patrik and John Garris, Donald Glas and Gregour M^Phatrik, 
occupearis of the 40 shilling land of Leran. 

Alester M^Kinnes alis Robertsone (see No. 80, Horning, Perth, 1586, 
page 125), 

Duncan M^Kinneis his brother, and 

Duncan M'^Ewin V^Condochie, 
occupearis of the 6 merk lands of Aulich. 

Malcolme M^Callum glas, 

John M^Calium his sone, and 

John bane M^^Callum glas (see No. 89, Horning, Perth, p. 125), 
occupearis of the 40 shilling land of Leragan. 

Decerning and ordaining him and his said subtenants to flit and remove 
from the lands above mentioned : on this decreet Menzies raised letters of 
homing by which they were charged to the above effect and the letters 
of homing were recorded on the 7. June 1595." — Decreets of Session and 
Register of Homings, Perth. 

" Eodem die. 

" Alexander Menzies of that Ilk obtained a similar Decreet against 

John Jamesone M^^Gregour, 
pretentit Tenant and occupier of the 40 shilling land of Dmmdewane and 
Kynnald and the 20 shilling land of Doulmane. 

John dow M^illiame, 
occupear of the 23/4d land of Kyndrochie. 

Williame M*^Gregour V^ilchallum, 
occupear of the half merk land of Stuenochane (or Endlochane). 

Ewin M^Condochie, occupear of the half merk land of Glendoran. 

Decerning and ordaining as in the preceding entry. Letters of Homing 
raised and recorded as above." — Decreets of Session as above, and Roister 
of Homings, Perth. 



1595] Entries from Chartulary 243 

" 1595- Ju^c- Itc°^ payit to Patrik M*^comische Messenger passand of Edin- 
burgh with lettreis to charge James Lord of Doun and Herie Stewart his 
tutour, to compeir personalie befoir the Lordis of Secreit Counsall the 24. of 
this instant, and to entir and present befoir thame Johne M^Gregour of 
Ardveillarie, (Ardchullerie ? on Loch Lubnaigside) To underly sic o^dour 
as sail be prescrivit for keiping of peace and guid reull in the cuntrey, undir 
pane of rebellioun." — Lord high Treasures accts. 

"June 20. Ane Respite maid to Patrik M^Gregour in Corequhrombie, 
Alister M^Kessane in Leny, Gilchrist M^^Kintumour in Drumardoch John 
M^Gillespick in Leny^ Eure Angussoun in Tombay, and to ilk ane of thame, 
for resetting suppleing and intercommuning with the rebellious men of the 
surname or clan of ClanGregoure and utheris broken men of the Hielandis 
fugitives and disobedeient to his Hienes and his lawis ; contrair the actes 
of Parliament and gude order taken be his Majestic thairanent."— Privy 
Seal. 

The above Patrik is supposed to be Patrick Aldoch, brother of Duncan 
Abroch. 

"June 21. Anent the actioun persewit be Robert Robertsoun heritabill 
proprietar of the Landis and barronie of Strowane and Femocht aganis 
Johne dow M^^allaster, Allester M^allester, Duncane M^AUester wict Allester, 
Neill MVilliame, neill M^condich, Williame M^iieill, Allester M^Gregour 
vict clerich, Allester M^cane Roy, Anent the removing of thame fra the 
landis libellit Compeirit the siad persewer personallie witht Williame 
Robertsone his procurator. And the said Neill M^illiame comperand be 
William M^Neill,^ And the said Williame comperand personallie for himself, 
Allester M'^regour cleriche and Allester M^eane roy and Neill M*^ondich 
comperand personallie be them selffis And the said Johne dow M^Allester, 
Allester M^^Allester, and Duncane M*^Allester vie Allester nocht comperand 
&a. The Sheriff deput foirsaid decemes the defendaris to flitt and Remove 
conforme to the Sheriffis precept and tytillis producit Becaus thai comperit 
nocht to shaw ony ressonabill caus in the contrar quhy the samyn suld 
nocht be doine, una cum expesis litigationis. 

"The said Allester M^Ane Roy comperand personallie Under pro- 
testatione for all and sundrie his just and lawful defensis to be proponit 
and allegitt tyme and place as accordis and allegit he aucht nocht to be 
decemit to Remowe becaus he hes ane lyferent richt of all and haill the 
XX shilling landis of Cultalaskyne for all the dayes of his lyfetyme sett to 
him be Donald Robertsoun than off Strowane &a And for verifying thairoff 

^ No 19, page 238. 



244 History of the Clan Gregor [1595 

produceit the said tak subscryvit be the said Donald Robertsoun of Strowane 
of the daitt At Strone in Feman the sewintt day of Appryll 1589. (The 
pursuer alledged that the granter of the tak had no power, being himself 
only a liferenter, to give any tak beyond his own lifetime) The Sheriff 
deput foirsaid takis to adwysett upoun the former alledgances (till 28. instant) 
and assigns the said day to pronounce the interloquitur and absolvitt the 
personis folowing witht consent of parte fra the vairning lybellit becaus the 
said Williame M^neill personallie comperand producett ane tak." 

" List of persons on the lands of Strowane Robertson 1595 and 
names of their tacks. 

Williame McNeill, 
7 merk land of Boirland and 'hauff' of the milne and multur of Femochie 
and of the i merk land of mid Femoche. 

Allester M^Gregour clerich, 
3 merk land of Croftnailzeane. 

Neill M^condoquhie, 
in Middle Feman. 

" The above, tennentis and occupearis of the saidis landis haulden be 
them of Robert Robertsoun of Strowane thair maister heretour of the samyn 
land within the barony of Feman and Sherifdome of Pertht And of their 
awin frie motive Willis untreatit or compellit as thai declarit Actit and oblist 
them their Airis succesouris executouris and assignayis in the Sheriff buikis 
of Pertht ilk ane respective for their awin pairtis That thai and ilk ane of 
them During thair occupatioun of the saidis landis sail be obedient to our 
Souerane lordis lawis for seeing the end of oppressioun, thift resetting of 
thift, heirschippis, slchter, or ony uther crymes quhairby the said Robert 
Robertsone of Strowane thair maister and landislord mey be trublit or 
persewit for be quhatsoevir persone and forder sail do their dewtifull 
behauiour and dewite in all respectis to the said Robert Robertsone of 
Strowane thair maister his airis and successouris. At the handis of our 
Souerane lord and lykwayis at the handis of all and quhatsumevir pairteis 
that sail happin heireftir to be intrest Damnfeit or skaythit in thair Defaultis 
of all inconvenientis that the said Robertsoun or his foirsaidis or the 
persewaris sail happin to be instlie callit for and sustenit as thair landislord 
or Maister be vertu of the generall Band or act of parliament and conforme 
thairto in all pyntis quhair upoun the said Robert Robertsone of Strowane 
askit actis and instmments. William M^^Neill in femay witht &a.*' — Sheriff 
Books of Perth. 



1596] Letter from James VI. to Mcintosh 245 

The above action at law is interesting, as shewing the working of the 
heavy responsibility which landlords incurred by the enactments of the 
General Bond, which obliged even those proprietors who might be on 
friendly terms with their MacGregor tenants to protect themselves by 
giving them notice to remove. And, at the same time, the policy of the 
Crown in selling letters and commissions against the ClanCregor naturally 
had an effect the reverse of pacific on the country in general. There 
were numerous small encounters; no honest calling was left open for 
the Clansmen, and, being from their adventurous nature always ready 
for a fray, their services were gladly secured for other people's quarrels 
or skirmishes. 

"1595. June 8. Robert Robertsone of Strowane aad his curators obtain 
Decreet from the Court of Session charging John Dow, Duncan and 
Allaster M^Allaster alias M^Gregours, to fiit and remove from his lands of 
Stronfeman, Lagfeman, and Vindevoir in Barony of Feroan. 

" (Jan. 18. 1596-7. Letters of Homing at Perth enforced their removal.) 

" iS95« July 12. Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurquhy obtained a Decreet in 
the Court of Session against Gregour M^Eane, pretendit Tennent of the 
Lands of Boquheillies and Kincrakin ; Duncan McGregor pretendit Tennent 
of the lands of Arthie ; and Gregour M^Gregour pretendit Tennent of the 
lands of Moiris ; Decerned to flit and remove from the lands abovemen- 
tioned.'* — Decreets of Court of Session. 

"July 29. Stewart of Grantyllie obtained a Decreet in the Court of Session 
against Allester Makgregour alias Puddrache pretendit Tennent of Ard- 
caskard, and Duncan M^Gregour alias M^Ean cham pretendit Tennent 
of the Lands of Tullichvoulin. Decerned to flit and remove from said 
lands." 

The following letter from King James VL to M*^Intosh was copied 
from the original in the archives of Moy by Sir John MacGr^or Murray. 
It shows the anger which possessed the mind of the King — a feeling 
which had been kindled, and doubtless carefully nurtured, by those whose 
interest it was to get rid of the Clan and enjoy their escheats : — 

"1596. March 30. James R. Richt traist friend we greet you hairtUe well. 
Haveing hard be report of the late preifle gevin be you of your willing 
disposition to our service in prosequiting of that wicked race of MacGregour 
we haif thocht meit hereby to signifie unto you that we accompt the same 



246 History of the Clan Gregor [1596 

as maist acceptable plesour and service done unto us and will not omitt to 
regaird the same as it deserves ; and becaus we ar to gif you oute of oure 
awin mouthe sum forder directioun thairanent ; It is oure will that upon the 
sicht hereof ye repaire hither with all haist and at your arriving we sail 
impairt oure full mynde ; and heirwithall we haif thocht expedient that ye 
befoir your arriving hither sail cans execute to the death Duncan M^Ean 
cairn lately tane be you in your last raid aganis the ClanGregour, and cans 
his heid to be transported hither to the effect the same may be affixt in sum 
public place to the terror of uther malefactouris ; and comitt you to God. 
From Halyrud hous the penult day of March in the yeir 1696." 

"(signed) James VI." 

(The correct month is supplied by a Latin MS. in the Advocates' 
Library, Edinburgh, which makes mention of the * very polite letter' sent to 
Mcintosh. The royal mandate was not, however, carried into execution, as 
Duncan was alive eight years later.) 
" 1596. July 15. The quhilk day compeirit Alexander Maister of Elphinstoun 
and produceit our Soverane Lordis Lettres dewlie execute and endorsat 
purchest by himselff, Alex Elphinstoune Broyr to Alex : Lord Elphinstoune 
&a &a to charge Archibald Erll of Ergyll as principall, Sir James Seytoune 
of Tulliebodie Knight James Schaw of Sauchie &a as cautiouneris and 
soverteis conjunctlie and severallie for ye said Erll of Ergyll actit in ye 
buckis of Secreit Counsall to enter and present 

John Dow M^Gregour broy' to the laird of M^Gregour, 

Johnne Dow M^Ewin M^^Gregour's sone, 

Johnne Dow Campbell M^Condoquhy tutour of Inueraw, 

Duncan Campbell his sone, 

Patrik M^Condoquhie broy' to ye said Johne Dow, 

Lauchlane Campbell his broy' sone, 

Archibald and Duncan Campbells sones to Alexander Storach (Skorach) 

Patrick M^^Gregour sone to Patrik Dow M^Gregour, and 

James M^Gregour sone to Duncan Glene, 

Mentenents and seruands to ye said Archibald Erll of Ergyll to underlie the 
law for certain heirschipis committit aganis the compleinaris foirsaidis." — 
Extract of Record of Justiciary. 

" Bond by the Laird of MacGregor for the good behaviour of himself 

and his Clan. 

" 1596. July 17. At Dunfermline. The Quhilk day in presens of the Kingis 
Majestie and Lordis of Secrete Counsale; In maist humble maner com- 



Bond by Allaster MacGregor of Glenstray 247 

peirit Alester Macgregoure of Glenstra acknowledging his offenses and 
dissobedience bypast quhairof he maist emistlie repentit, and actit and 
obleist himself as Chief of his Clan and name That he and his said Clan 
and name and all sic personis as he is obleist to answer for be the lawis of 
this realme, Actis of Parliament and General Band Sail keip his Hienes 
peice quyetnes and gude rewle in the cuntrie and nawyse invaid, trouble nor 
oppress his Hienes Subjectis by ordour of law ; And that he and thay sail 
be ansuerable to his Majestie and to justice, and sail satisfie and redres thair 
skaithis and attemptatis conforme to the saidis lawis, actis and Band ; And 
for the better satisfaction of the premisses, the said Alester becumes Plege 
and sail remane in his Hienes cumpany and house, and nawyse eschaip 
eschew, nor pas hame without his Hienes license and Lettre subscrivit be 
his Majestie and his counsale, undir the pane to be puneist at his Majesteis 
plessour in his persoun, landis guidis and geir ; And alsua the said Alester 
gaif his ayth of fidelitie to his Hienes and that he suld not knaw his hurt 
nor skaithe but suld revele the same to his Majestie ; and to do all uther 
that as His Hienes Houshaldman, he aucht to do ; as he suld ansuer to 
God upon the salvatioun of his saule." — Rec : Sec : Council Acta penes 
Insularum et Marchiarum ordinem. 

" 1566. July 24. Precept of a Remission^ to Allaster M*^Gregour of Glenstray 
and all persons of his surname of M^regour, and their friends, kin, men- 
tenants servants and Dependers, for being art and part of the cruel murder 
and slaughter of umple John Drummond of Drummenerenoch, committed 
by the said Alexander and his foresaid Clan in the month of Jan. 1589. and 
for all other committed by the said Alexander or by any of his surname of 
M*^Gregour." — ^Privy Seal Ixviij 199. 

N.B. A previous and equally complete remission had been granted on 
the 4. Jan. 1 591-2. 

" 1596. October. John Campbell of Ardkinglas made a complaint that his 
wife whilst travelling peacebly home was set upon by a 'number of men 
'armed with weapons at the special sending and hounding of the Earl of 
Argyle and carried off her horses and those of her servants &a. and com- 
pellit every one of them to scourge utheris with belts and brydillis, in maist 
cruell maner.' And ' forceit the said Dame Jane to retume back again on 
her feit.' Several MacGregors are enumerated in this affair in which another 
MacGregor one of the complainers servants was taken away captive and 
carried to * the place of Inueraree ' where he was kept for three or four days." 

" Nov. 19. Letters of Homing recorded at Perth. Because by contract dated 

^ This Remission, of coarse, implies that the Chief and Clan were implicated in the Murder of 
Drummondemach, but it does not prove the truth of the accusation. 



248 History of the Clan Gregor 

I & 2. Feb. 1590 they became bound not to commit slaughter or felony (see 
contract of that date.) and * Albeit it be of verity that Johnne M^Gregour 
brother german to the said AUester M^Gregour of Glenstray Johnne Dow 
M^Ewin V^Gregour and Donald Dow M^Allester with their accomplices 
stole from Graham of Fintrie, yet Allaster Roy M*^Gregour and his Cautioners 
refuse to apprehend them." — Reg. of Homings, Perth. 

It must have been very strange to the turbulent Chief to be toned 
down into a docile courtier in the " company " of King James, though it 
was a merciful chance for him had it been possible for his Clan to have 
remained at peace. But doubtless neither opportunities nor wily tempters 
were wanting to allure them onwards to break the very insecure truce. 



1596-97] 



Chapter XXI 
1596 to 1598 

^ROM the « Chartulary " :— 

" 1596-7. Robert Campbell second son of Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurquhy 
had a letter of gift dated March 12. of this year under the Privy Seal grant- 
ing to him the life rent &a of the Lands of Glenfalloch which pertained 
formerly to Ure Campbell of Strachur and Charles Campbell his son and 
fell to the King because the Father and son were denounced rebels for non- 
payment of their Part of the taxation of ;^i 00,000 granted to his Majestie 
for the baptism of Prince Henry, effeiring to their £6 land of Glenfalloch. 
In consequence of this transaction the following Decreet was given. 
" ^597' July 28. Robert Campbell of Glenfalloch son to Sir Duncan Campbell 
of Glenurquhy obtained Decreet against Ewin Campbell of Straquhir and 
Charles Campbell his son pretending rights to the lands of Glenfalloch with 
their Tennents as follows. 

" The saidis Ewir and Charles Campbell pretendand right to the saidis 
Landis of Glenfalloch and utheris, 

Archibald M^Ewir, 
pretendit occupear of the He of Lochdochart with the merk land thairof ; and 
uther 2 merk land of Innerhary. 

Duncan Glen (M*^Gregor), 
3 merk land of Innerchaganymoir and Innerchaganybeg ; 

John M^Gillechreist V^'Ewir, 
merk land of Innerardoran ; 

Gregour M^Phdrik M^oulkeir, 
20 shilling merk land of Kyleter beg and Corarby ; 

Neill M^gregour and Neill M^illechallum, 
20 shilling land of Clachanbretane, 

(Two M*^Farlanes follow), 

Duncan Abroch alias M*^Gregour, 
5 merk land of Ardchalzie (Ardchoille Wester). 

2 I 



250 History of the Clan Gregor [1597-98 

" They had been decerned to remove at Whitsunday * Notwithstanding 
quhairof the foirsaidis personis hes continewallie sen the said feist occupiet 
the foirsaidis landis with the pertinentis and as yit will nocht remove, desist, 
and ceiss thairfra to the effect foirsaid, without they be compellit. 

*' Letters of Homing were recorded at Perth July 1599. from which it 
appears that the Defenders refused to remove and were accordingly de- 
nounced as rebels. — Reg. of Homings Perth. 
" 15978. Jan. and May. The caus of Strowane Robertson against some of his 

MacGregor tenants in Feman is continued but at last disappears. 
" 1598. May 23. Comperit (at Edinburgh) Thomas Steven in Bannachan and 
presented our soerane lordis letteris dewlie execute and indorsate purcheist 
be him, for chargeing of James Erll of Glencaime as Landislord to enter 
Johne M^Gregour in Comer and Geoige Buchanane of that Ilk to entir 
Malcolrae MT^regour in Glengyle. It is decreed that the above are men- 
Tenants to the Earl, or Buchanane and the matter is referred to the oaths of 
the Defenders. — Record of Justiciary. 
" 1598. May 2$. Decreet in the Court of Session at the instance of one Oswald 
against Gregor McGregor in Glenleidnoch son of umqle Patrik Ammonoch 
M'Gregour (in Kingart) in Glenleidnoch for payment of six oxen.— Decreets 
of Session* 
" ^59^^ June 8. Decreet M^'Gregouris agt McLeans at Edinburgh. 
*' At Edinhur^ O^nnv^'n't Mialcolme M^illiame in Kinclachar, 
Finlay M*^ William thair, 
Donald dow M^Eane V^Gregour in Downa, . 
John M*^ConneiU V^Innes thair, 
John M^Connochie V^eanduy in Camuserach, 
Donald M^Condochie oyar thair, 
Jahn dow M^'ilchallum in Camiserach beg, 

xmd Donald M^^connochie V^illiam thair and presendit oure Soeran. 
I^ordis Lettreis dewlie execute purcheist be thame against certain M*X.eans 
v^ho were charged to appear to answer for certain heirships. The McLeans 
^rere lined for the value of the stock carried off from the lands of the 
I^acgregors, In reference to this action on the same day * Compeirit William 
iVlurray (in the High Court of Justiciary) and tuik instraments that he 
alled^ed that the Laird of M^regor and his kin were ye first sen King 
James I, that cum and sucht justice' meaning probably that they thus re- 
frain e<J from taking the law into their own hands as was usual. 

** Tiie same day The Justice Depute decemit and ordainit Sir Lauchlan 
Af^X^^an of Dowart as landislord and Chieftain of Clan, with others, McLeans, 
* Tc^ content and pay to the said Finlay M^iUiam in Kinclachar a fine for 
^stoclc a.nd geir carried off.' 



f 598-99] Sundry MacGregors ordered to flit 251 

" 1598. July 8. Anent the actioun and caus peresewit be James Commendator 
of Inchaffray, Laird of InnerpefTrie Heritour of the Landis and utheris under- 
written aganis Duncan M^Gregour, Margaret Stewart Relict of Alexander 
Pudiych, Duncan M^Gregour his sone, AUester M^regour, Malcolm 
M*<;)oullcheir, Helen M*Xjregour Relict of umqle Robert Stewart (Decree of 
removal Lands not specified). — Sheriff Books of Perth. 

"July 19. Lord Drummond against his tenants Malcum M^Culcheir, Galium 
closs (glas ?) M^regour and John Sm)rthe in Blairvoir. 

Duncan M*^Gregour, 
part of 4 merk land of Mewy called the Straid. 

Ordered to flit but tak produced from Lord Drummond of the 4 merk land 
of Dalchirlay and not decerned to remove. 

"October 21. Anent the actioun and caus persewit be Sir John Murray of 
Tullibardin Knicht, heritour of the Landis underwritten Aganis John dow 
M^regour brother german to Allester M^Gregour of Glenstrae pretendit 
occupair of the five merk land of Glenbaich and 2| merk land of Mekill 
Stronvair, lyand within the Lordship of Balquhidder (Defender not appearing 
decerned to flit). 

" 1598-9. Feb. 8. Homing at the instance* of Sir Duncan Lindsay of Edzell 
against Menzies &a, John dow M^Ewin M^regour, Donald Darriche 
houshald servand to Allester M^regour of that Ilk. Allester M*^Gregour in 
Femane servitor to Robertson of Strowane, John dow M*^Ewin M*^regour 
both (boch ? deaf), William M*^Ewin V^Gilleecheliche in Rannoche, 
M*^regour of that Ilk, John Gig his brother, Johne M^Condochie V^Anedowie 
M^Gregour in Rannoche &a for theft and oppression. — Homings Perth." 

From the " Red and White Book of Menzies " :— 

"Holyrood House, 25. Jan. 1599. Complaint by Alexander Menzies of 
Weyme, as follows : In the month .... last Donald Menzies, a ' commoun 
and notorious theiff and lymmer, and a dedarit rebell and fugitive' had 
been apprehended by complainer in the actual committing of theft and 
warded within his place of Weyme * quhill the commoditie of his tryale had 
bene ofierit.' In these circumstances Johnne Dow M^illiame alias 
M^Gr^our a copartiner with him in all his thifteous deidis, being informed 
of the danger quhairin he was had 'for preventing and disappointing of his 
tryale, come at night, ' accompanied with a nowmer of his rebellious com- 
pUceis, all thevis somaris and lymmeris' to the place of Weyme, and 'be 
some secreit practize and policie, he surprisit and tuke the place, dang up 
the durris of the prisone quhairin the said Donald lay for the tyme and 
fired him out of warde.' Both of them had passed to Sir John Murray of 



252 History of the Clan Gregor [1599 

Tullibardin, knight, ' be quhome thay wer ressett, and his bene intertenyit 
sensyne, as thai ar yit with him as his househald men and servandis, and 
are specialie acknawlegeit be him as twa ordinaris of his househald and 
families Moreover the said Donald having committed sundro stouths upon 
the Laird of Edzell, the complainer, as alleged Chief and Chieftain of the 
Clan is called upon to enter him before the King and Council. Wherefor 
it is necessary that letters be executed against the Laird of TuUibardin, as 
well for the entry of the said Donald as for that of Johnne to underlie 
trial for their demerits; The complainer and Sir John Murray appearing 
personally the King with advice of the Council assoilzie the Defender from 
the entry of the said Donald simpliciter in time coming but ordains him to 
enter the said Johnne Dow before the Council upon the 22. day of Feb. 
next under pain of homing, because the said Sir Johnne has confessed that 
the said Johnne Dow was in his house after the day of the charge given to 
him for his entry viz 17. Jan. instant and had remained with him a certain 
time thereafter 'and sua it lay in his poware and possibilitie to have enterit 
him as required.' — Reg. of Privy Council." 

From the " Chartulary " :— 

<' 1599. May. Item payit to Patrik M^Comeiss, Messenger passand of Edin- 
burgh with lettres to charge 

Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhay Knight, 

Johne Campbell of Caddel (Calder), 

Johne Campbell of Laweris, 

Robert Robertson of Strowane, 

Sir Thomas Stewart of Garntullie Knicht, 

Alexander Menzies of Weyme, 

Colene Campbell of Glenlyoun, 

James Haldane of Glenageis, 

James Commendator of Incheafray, 

James, (mistake for Patrick) Lord Drummond, 

Sir Jhone Murray of Tullibardin Knicht, 

David Grahame of , 

Dame Margaret Douglas, Countess of Argyle, 

Alexander (Campbell) Bishop of Brechin, 

Coline Campbell of Lundie, 

To enter and present everie ane of thame the particular persons of the Clan 
of M^Gregour for quhome thay ar obleist to ansuer as maisteris and Landis- 
lordis speciallie designit to thame in the saidis lettreis, the thrid day of July 






MacGregors presented before Privy Council 253 

nixt to underlie sic ordour as sail be tane with thame tuiching the weill and 
quietnes of the cuntrie; And alsua with Lettreis to be publeist at the 
Marcat Croce of ]?erth chargeing Allester M^Gregour of Glenstraa, and 
remanent haill persones of that mischievous Clan to compeir personalie ; 
as alsua the said Alester as thair Capitane, Chief, and Chiftane To enter 
and present the samen personis befoir his Majestie and Counsall the thrid 
day of July nixt to cum, To underlie sic ordour as sail be tane with thame 
tuiching the reduceing of thame to obedience. 

" Item payit to ane boy passand of Edinburgh with clois lettreis to the 
Commendatour of Incheafray, the Lairdis of Glenurchy and Glensraa. 

'^ Item to James Purdie Messingir passand of Edinburgh with Lettreis to 
charge 

Ludowick Duik of Lennox, 

James Erie of Glencaime, 

Alexander Lord Levingstone, 

Sir Archibald Naper of Edinbellie Knicht, 

Jhone Naper his sone, 

James Chisholme of Cromlix, 

William Schaw of ICnockhill, and 

Alexander Schaw of Cambusnoir, 

As maisteris and Landislordis of the particular persones of the Clan of 
M^Gregour speciallie designit in the said lettreis (&a as above) and alsua 
with Lettreis to be publeist at the croces of Striveling and Dunbartane 
chargeing the Laird of M^regour and his haill Clan in manner as is befoir 
writtin. — Lord High Treasurer's Books. 

" 1 5 99* J^uie 9. Robertson of Strowan against his tennents ; mention made of 
Malcolm M*=William M^Gregour in Blairfettie. — Sheriff Books of Perth. 

"June 13. Tullibardine against his tennents, John M^Coulle, Malcolm 
M^Coulle, Duncan MThatrik M^oulle, Johne M*=Eane M^Gregour, 
Gregour M^Coneill, and John Gait M^regour (defenders not appearing 
are decerned to flit Lands not specified). — Sheriff Books of Perth. 

"June 20. Removing; Glenurquhay against M^Gregouris. 

Patick M^Quene in Eister Tenneifiis (Duneaves), 

Alester M^Gregour clerich, 

Allester M^Ewine V*^Gregour, 

Neill M*^Gregour V^^Hucheoun, 

Duncane M*^Ewin V^Gregour, 

Allester M^Ewin V^Gregour, 

Gregour M^hutcheoun, 



254 History of the Clan Gregor [1599 

Gregour M*^Ewin, 

Duncan Abroch, 

Allester Scorach his brother, 

Gregour M^eane, and 

Allester M^^Gregour his sonne, 

Neill M*=Gregour, 

Gregour M*^Phatrick, 

Duncane M^Phatrick ammonach (Glen Almond), 

Gregour M^Phatrick ammonacht, and 

Patrick dallach M^Gregour, 

pretendit tennents and occupears of the landis lybellit. (Decreet against 
Defenders in absence). — Sheriff Books of Perth. 
'' Same date. Anent the actioun and caus persewit be Sir Thomas Stewart of 
Gametullie Knicht, Takisman of the Landis and Baronie of Forthergill 
(Fortingall) with the fortalice and place of Garth and office of the Forestrie 
of Schehallion, Aganis 

Duncane M^eane chame V^Gregour, 

Janet Stewart, Relict of umquhile Allester Puderach V^Gregour, 

and others (defenders not appearing are decerned to remove). — Sheriff 
Books of Perth. 

" 1599* July 14- Removing Laird of Weyme against M^^Gregouris. 

"Johne M^Gregour and his subtennentis pretendit occupearis of the 
20 shilling Land of Drumdewane, 
20 shilling land of Dalmayne, 

20 shilling land of Kirkland of Dull with the milne thairof, 
20 shilling land of Kynnaill, all lyand within the Sherifdom of Perth. 
(Decreet of Removal in absence). — Sheriff Books, Perth. 

"1599- July 24« Offeris for Allester M*^Gregour of Glensray presentit to his 
Majeste and Lordis of Secreit Counsale in name of the said Allester be Sir 
Johne Murray of Tullybardine Knt, Sir Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhay 
Knicht, and Johone Grant of Freuchie at Edinburgh. 

" Because it is impossible to the sais Allester to get inlande Cautioun 
upoun the conditiounes of the General Band cpnforme to the Act of Parlia- 
ment; In respect nather is he responsale of the sowmes quhairupoun the 
cautioun is found, and that no Inlandis man will be cautoun for him, in 
respect of the bypast enormities of his Clan ; ^airfor it is offert that the 
said Alexander for satisfactoun of his Majesties honour sail cum in his 
Hienes will for ony offence committit be himselfl And that he sail deliver 
to his Majestie Three Plegeis of the sex to be noWinat be his Majestie oute 

\ 



J 



Bond by MacGregor of Glenstray for Clan 255 

of the Thrie Housses ^ of that Clan (viz the houses of Glensrae, of Roro 
and of Gr^or M^Eane) his Majestie nameand twa for everie houss, Johne 
dow M^Gregour (Glenstray's brother) alwayes exceptit To be placeit quhair 
his Majestie and his Counsall sail appoint to remaine as plegeis for the 
guid reule and obedience of the haill Clan and name of M^Gregour in tyme 
cumeing ; and for sic of the said Clan and name as beis disobedient he sail 
outher entir thame to his Hienes or to Justice or ellis use justice upoun 
thame himselff he havand his Majesteis Commissioun to that effect^ 
Attoure we obleiss oure selffis to present oure selffis befoir his Majestie and 
his Counsale upoun the 28. of this instant and gif ane resolute ansuer to 
his Majestie and his Counsall anent the dew performance of thir offeris in 
everie point. 

Tullibardin 

Duncan Campbell 
Signed off Glenvrquhay 

Jhone Grant 

oflf Freuchy 
Original in General Register House, Edinburgh. 

" 1599. Aug. 2. At Falkland Bond by the Laird of M^Gregour for his Clan. 

" The quhilk day Allaster M*^Gregour of Glenstray compeirand personallie 
in presence of the Lordis off Secreit Counsale, Tuke upoun him the haill 
personis of the name of M^Gregour and promeist to be ansuerabill for thame 
be making of thame furth cumand to Justice for all the attemptis to be 
commitit be thame heireftir ay and untill he in presence of the saidis Lordis 
lat thame under utheris Landislordis and qualifie sufiicientlie that they duell 
under utheris Landislordis; At quhilk tyme he to be na forder burdynit 
with samony as he layis aff him, bot for reliefif of the Landislordis according 
to the Act of Parliament 

<< 1599. Aug. 2. (same day as the preceding Bond) 

'* Cautioun for Makgregour. 

"Quhilk day James Commendator of IncheafTray and Sir Jhone Murray 
Knicht become actit and obleist as Cautioneris conjunctlie and severalie for 
Allester M^^Gregour of Glenstrae, That the said Allester sail compeir 
personalie and present and entir with him befoir the Lordis of Secreitt 
Counsale at Edinburgh upon the 4. day of Sep. nixt ane of the plegeis 

^ Enumerated chapter iv., page 161. 

^ If Glenstray had solemly taken upon himself the guilt of the murder of Drummond of 
Drummondemoch it seems improbable that the King would entrust him with a commission and 
accept his offers of caution.— Ed. 



256 History of the Clan Gregor [1599 

specifeit and contenit in his awne offeris to remaine and be placeit quhair 
his Hienes sail appoint under the pane of 10,000 merkis. — Record of 
Secret Council Acta. 

" August A number of the Landlords of the ClanGregor previously mentioned 
and in addition George Graham of Boquhapple.) had letters charging them 
to appear before the Council to find bail for making all persons of the name 
of MacGregor dwelling upon their lands answerable to justice under the 
pain of Rebellion. — Lord High Treasyrers Books. 

"Sep. 6. The entrie of Makgr^our prorogat untill the 15 Nov. nixt. "^ 

Although at this time the King and Council do not seem to have 
wished to press hardly on the Clan, and evidently had a respect, and 
perhaps regard, for MacGregor of Glenstray, yet the severe laws which had 
been devised against Highlanders who were unquiet (for in this respect the 
General Band threatened them all) fell with great weight on the Mac- 
Gregors. The laws requiring superiors and landlords to be personally 
answerable for those living on their lands forced even friendly neighbours, 
such as we must esteem Sir John Murray of Tullibardine and James 
Drummond the Commendator of Inchaffray, to prosecute the prescribed 
race, and drive them from one refuge to another till they had not a single 
resource left, and under such circumstances it was not surprising that their 
hand should be against every man, and that even the best efforts of their 
Chief should fail. 

In the introduction to the sixth volume of the Register of the Privy 
Council of Scotland which has been published, the following remarks 
occur : — 

" Other entries bring out the ominous fact that pf all the Highland clans 
the Macgregors were now the objects of most unremitting attention on the 
part of the Government While other more distant Clans were lawless 
enough, the lawlessness of the MacGregors of the LochLomond country, 
whether from their comparative nearness or for other reasons exposing them 
to special dislike, was the most heard of, in the privy Records, and while 
we have but glimpses of Makenzie of Kintail, or Macleod of Dunvegan, or 
some other of the greater chiefs as moving about in their distant parts of the 
map, hardly to be reached by Government commands; or missives, the 
poor Chief of the transgressors is kept constantly in our sight walking 

^ Vide next page. 



\ 



[599] Bond for entry of John dhu Macewne 257 

hither and thither over his more accessible tract of territory, pursued by 
summons to appear, or to give securities for his men. 
" 1599. Sept 6. at Edinburgh. The entry of Macgr^our prorogat. The which 
day the Lords of Secret Council with consent of James Commendator of 
Inchafiray and Sir John Murray of Tullibardin Knight Prorogate the Entry 
of Allaster MacGregor of Glenstray before his Majesty and his Council, 
conform to the Act whereby they became Cautioners to that effect, until the 
15th day of Nov. next to come. Like as they are content and consent to 
stand obliged for the Entry of the said Allaster before his Majesty and his 
Council upon the said 15th day of Nov. next to come under the pain of 
10,000 merks specified in the said Act. 

" Protectioun in favour of the Commendator of Inchafifray, The which day 
Su* John Murray of TuUibardine entered and presented before the Lords of 
Secret Council John dhu Macewne as pledge for Allaster MacGregor of 
Glenstray specified and contained in the said Allaster's own offers conform to 
the Act whereby the said Sir John and James Commendator of Inchafiray 
became acted for the entry of the said pledge. Whereupon the said James 
Commendator of Inchaffray asked instruments and protested that he might 
be relieved of all further entry of the said pledge Which protestation the Lords 
admitted. 

Tullibardin's Band for entry of John dhu. 

" The which day John dhu Macewne ^ as pledge for Allaster MacGregor 
of Glenstray being entered and presented before the Lords of Secret Council 
by Sir John Murray of Tullibardin Knight, conform to the Act whereby he 
and James Commendator of Inchaffray became acted to that effect, the 
said Lords have delivered the said John dhu macewne back again to the 
said Sir John to be of new entered again before the said Lords upon the 
day appointed for the entry of Allaster MacGregor of Glenstray. Therefor 
the said Sir John Murray of Tullibardin Knight in presence of the said 
Lords of Secret Council acted and obliged himself to re-enter and present 
the said John dhu macewne before his Majesty and his Council upon the 
15th day of Nov. next to come, under the pain of 5000 merks. — Reg : Sec : 
Con: Acta. Vol. 1598 to 1601. 

" Oct. Item payit to Robert Elder messenger passand of Edinburgh to charge 
the various landlords to certain of the Macfarlanes and M^Gregouris, to 
enter and present everie ane of thame respective the particular persons, thair 
men and tennenis, as is mentioned. 

" Dec. 6. Alexander Menzies of Weyme denounced rebel and put to the horn 

^ Son of the late Tutour of Glenstray and cousin germane to Allaster. 

2 K 



258 History of the Clan Gregor [1600 

at the instance of Mr John Moncreiffe, advocate (in absence) for not 
producing before the Council 'his men servants and proper dependers, 
Donald M^Gregour alias Donald Dorie in and Donald Menzies.' 

" Dec. 17. Decree that *from the i. of Jan. next the beginning of the year 
shall be reckoned instead of from the 25th of March.' The King and 
Council * being willing that thair salbe na disuniformiti betuix his Majestie 
his realme and leigis and otheris nichtbour cuntreyis in this particular.' 

"Dec. 19. Comperit Mr Donald Campbell (in the Court of Justiciary and 
produceit oure soverane Lordis Lettres dewlie execute and indorsate 
purcheist be 

"Allaster M^Gregour as Chief and near Kynnesman to umquhile 
Patrik M^Gregour in Cadderlie. John Hay of Urchaye as broy' with 
the kin and friends of umqle Willm : Hay and siclike John M^Coneill 
V^intails^our sone to umqle Donald M^intailzeour in Barglas and Donald 
M^Gilleis as father to vmqle Dowgall M^Gilleis to tak souertie of William 
M^Intoshe of Esseich, Duncan M^Intoshe son to Lachlan M^Intoshe of 
Dunnachtan and others who had been 'denunceit rebels' and put to 
the horn, for not compeiring to underlie the law for the slauchter of the 
saidis umquhile persons. 

"1600. Jan. 29. at Holyroodhouse. Forasmekill as James Commendator of 
Incheafray and Sir Johne Murray of TuUibardin Knicht, (recapitulation of 
their obligations in regard to Glenstray and John dow M^Ewine,) ' Quhilkis 
actis being called upon the said day of Nov.^ last and continuit fra tyme 
to tyme thairefter unto this 29, day of Januare instant upoun the saisis 
cautiouneris awin sute and promeis, maid and renewit be thame fra tyme 

to thime for the entrie of the said AUester and his said pledge, and 

the saidis cautioneris being of new callit upon . . . and not compeirand 
nor yet the said Allester and his pledge foirsaid being entrit and presentit 
be thame nor nane in thair names &a &a.' Follows Decreet of Council 
against Incheaffray and Tullibardin conjunctly and severally for 10,000 
merks for not presenting Glenstray and against Tullibardin singly for 5000 
merks for not presenting John dow M^Ewine. — Rec : Sec : Con : Acta : 

" Proclamation against the Resetters of the M^Gregoris Goods. 

" 1600. Jan. 31. At Holyrood. Foisamekle as the wicked and unhappie race 
of the ClanGregour continewing sa lang in blude, thifl, reif, soming, and 
oppressioun sa frequentlie committit upoun the peaceable and gude subjectis 
of the incuntrey, to the utter wrak, miserie, and undoing of grite nowmers 

^ Mention is made in this Act that on the first occasions (2nd August and 6th September) "the 
said Allaster was visited with infirmity and sickness so that he was not able to travel" 



J 



i6oo] Proclamation against Resetters 259 

of horniest and substantious houshalderis, and laying waist of divers weill 
plenished roumes, to the offence and displesur of God, and contempt of his 
Hienes and his lawis; and his Majestie finding thame alwayis bent to follow 
the unhappie course of thair awne pervers nature and inclinatioun eftir that 
his Hienes haad delt and travellit be fair and gentill meanis to have broucht 
thame under sum obedience ; and Allester M^Gregour of Glenstray thair 
cheif and ringleidar .haveing maist undewtifiillie and unhonnestlie violat his 
promeis maid to the gentilmen quha interponit thair bandis for him to his 
Majestie, and thairby professing and avowing himsell and his unhappie race 
to be outlawis and figitives, and enemies to all dewtiful and gude subjectis : 
his Majestie thairfoir is resolved to persew and prosequate thame with all 
rigour and extremitie, according to thair deservingis. Bot becaus the bipast 
conforte and countenance quhilk thay have fund amangis thair landislordis 
and uthar cuntrey people at sik tymes as be his Hienes aucttoritie thay have 
been heirtofoir persewit, in resetting, huirding, and keiping of thair guidis 
and making of bloikis and barganis with thame hes encourageit thame at 
everie occasioun to brek lowse, and to some, herrey, and wrak his Hienes 
subjectis quhair as gif sic unlawfull resett and huirding if thair guidis were 
denyet and refused unto thame, sum redress micht be gottin of the stouthis, 
and reiffis committit be thame. His Hienes thairfoir with advice of his 
Counsall, hes avowed to punishe with all rigour and extremetie all sic 
personis as heireftir sail gif ony sic unlawful resett, to the saidis lymmaris, 
thair guidis, or geir; and to the effect nane pretend ignorance heirof, 
ordainis letters to be direct to command, charge and inhibite all and sindrie 
maisteris and landislordis of the M^Gregouris and all utheris his Hienes 
subjectis quhatsumevir be oppin proclamatioun in all places neidfull, that 
nane of thame presume nor take upon hand at ony tyme heireftir to resett, 
huird or keip ony of the guidis, or gier pertening to quhatsumevir personis 
of the name of M^Gregour, thair followaris, and pairttakeris, nor to mak 
bloikis nor bargainis with thame, thairanent, privatelie nor publicklie in 
mercat or utherwayis, certifeing thame that failyeis, or dois in the contrar, 
that thay salbe repute, haldin, and estemit, as arte and pairttakeris, and 
allowaris of thame in all thair wicked deeddis, and salbe persewit and punist 
thairfoir with all rigour and extremitie, to the terrour of utheris. 

« Discharge to TuUibardin of MacGregor. 

"1600. Feb. 17. The quhilk day Sir Johnne Murray of TuUibardin Kt. 
haveing enterit and presentit befoir the Kingis Majestie, Allaster M^Gregour 
of Glehstrae conforme to ane act quhairby he and James Commendator of 
Incheafray became cautioneris to that effect, his Majesty hes grantit the 



26o History of the Clan Gregor [1600 

resett of the said Allaster and exoneris and relevis the said Sir Johne of all 
forder keiping of him. 

"Same day. Petition by TuUibardine and Inchaffray to be relieved of the 
penalties imposed upon them the previous month ' Alwayis thay have now 
enterit and presentit to his Majestie the said Allaster quha is presentlie in 
his Hienes warde to be tane ordour with be his Majestie as his Hienes sail 
think maist melt and expedient for the wele and quietnes of the cuntrey ; 
And seeing the default of the not entrie of the said Allaster with his said 
Pledge at the peremptour day appointit to that effect wes not in the saidis 
Complenaris, bot proceidit upoun sum occasiounis quhilkis intervenit and 
fell oute befoir the day of his entrie quhilkis discourageit and terrifiet 
him to keep the first dyet And that now they have usit thair diligence and 
be thair moyane and travellis hes brocht in the said Allaster and deliverit 
him to his Majestie with quhome the like ordour may now be takne as 
micht have been at the first dyett ; and that nathing hes intervenit nor &llin 
oute in this tyme of delay to the hurt or prejudice of his Majestie's gude 
subjectis Humbly desire &a fea." Decreet rescinded (of Jan. 29) by the 
Council. 

" March 4. John gait Makgregor in Cannoquhan is denounced rebel and put 
to the home for not appearing before the Council to have been delivered to 
the justice or his Deputes, to stand his trial for the alledged carrying off of 
nine oxen and five kye from the Lands of Maidlinis, belonging to William 
Bitalloch in Maidlinis and Walter Kynnaird there, committed on the 
24. Feb. IS94-S- 

" March 6. Certain Landlords of the ClanGregor (/>, those on whose lands 
the MacGregors were living) compeared with Allaster McGregor of Glenstray 
and 'thay being burdynit with suirties and plegeis for balding and retening 
the said Clan under obedience and for redress of pairties skaithit, it wes 
complenit be the saidis Landislordis that ane of the speciall causes quhilk 
procurit the misreule and disobedience of that Clan wes the resett and 
conforte quhilk thay fand of thair said Chief and amangis the Landislordis 
thameselffis, seeing every ane of thame for the maist pairt resett the men and 
tennentis of utheris quhan thai wer persewit be thair maisteris or quhan thai 
had committit ony wicked or ill deidis. Be the unlauchfull resett and 
mantenance sa frequentlie gevin unto thame, not onlie ar they encourageit 
to continow in all kynd of misreule and to misknaw thair landlordis, bot the 
saidis landislordis ar maid unable to answer for thame.' It was ordained 
that whoever of the Landlords resett or protected the tennants of others 
should be equally answerable for these persons as if they belonged to their 
own ground. 

"On the same day. the same persons having compeared 'and a catalogue 



i6oo] Twelve Pledges for the Clan Gregor 261 

having been maid of certane speciall househaldaris duelland under the 
Landislordis and of sum utheris quhome the said Allaster had taken upoun 
himselff ; yit his Majesde understanding that thair wilbe a nowmer of that 
Clan quha hes na certane residence nor duelling and can not be laid upoun 
landislordis being left lowse and na certane ansuer maid for thame may 

commit grite trouble and unquitie,' it is found and declared 

that ' the said Allaster oucht and sould be ansuerble for the haill personis of 
the name of M^regour quhome he hes not layed upoun Landislordis^ and 
the pledgis to be enterit for him aucht and sould ly alsweill for the gude 
reule and obedience of thame as of the speciall personis quhome the said 
Allaster hes tane upoun him.' 
"The same day and compearance of same persons. First those landlords who 
had not yet found caution for their MacGregor tenants were enjoined to do 
so forthwith. ' And because the said Allaster cannot get cautioun conforme 
to the General Band That Thairfoir Plegeis be tane for the gude reule and 
obedience of sic as he ansueris for And for this effect, that thair be tuelff 
personis gevin to him in tickett of quhome he sail mak chois of thrie to be 
pledgeis for the first quarter, and thai to be quarterlie relevit with uthir thrie 
of the tuelff Pledgeis. and that the saidis thrie Pledgeis be committit to the 
custodie and keipeing of the Lord Drummond, the Laird of Tullibardin and 
the Laird of Glenurquhay viz to everie ane of thame ane quha sal be haldin 
be this present act to assuh: thair keiping and not eschaiping under the pane 
to be accountabill and ansuerabill to his Majesteis Subjectis for the haill 
skaithis quhilkis thay may sustene of ony of the persons for quhome the 
saidis plegeis lyis ; and in the mean tyme quhill the entrie of the saidis 
plegeis that the said Allaster be still detenit in warde within the castell of 
Edinburgh, or utherwise fred and relevit upoun sic conditiounes as his 
Majestic and Counsall sail think meit and expedient' — Record of Secret 
Council. 
" 1600. March 31. Precept of Remission in favour of Malcolm and Duncan 
MacGregors brothers, servants of Patrick Lord Drummond for the slaughter 
of umquhile Duncan M^leriche. 
. "April 16. The quhilk day in presence of the Kingis Majestic and Lordis of 
Secret Counsall compeirit personallie Patrik Murray sone to Sir Johne 
Murray of Tullibardine Knicht, as procurator for his father and enterit and 
presentit Johne M^eanduy in Rannoche and £wne M^Allaster Pudrach tua 
of the plegeis specifiet and contenit in the tickett delivered to Allaster 
M^Gregour of Glenstra conforme to the act quhairby the said Sh: Johne 
became cautioner and souertie to that effect upoun the nth day of March 
last Lyke as the said Patrick in name of his said fader Declairit that his 
said fader had delyverit Johne M*^Fatrick V^^eane, the thrid of the saidis 



262 History of the Clan Gregor [1600 

plegeis to Sir Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhay Kt quha presendie hes 
him in his custodie and keiping. In respect of the quhilk exehibitioun of 
the saidis twa plegeis and delyverie of the uther plege to the said Sir 
Duncane his Majestie and Counsall Dedans the act foirsaid . . . quhairby 
the said Sir Johne Murray became cautioner for the entrie of the saidis 
thrie plegeis to be satisfeit and obeyit and exoneris and discharges him 
thairof be thir presentis. — R. S. C. Ewne M^Allaster is delivered to John 
Earl of Montrose Chancellor to be kept by him and John M*^eanduy is 
delivered to the said Patrick Murray to be convoyed to Patrick Lord 
Drumraond to whose custody he is appointed. 

" 1600. April 30. His Majesty had been informed that Patrick Murray not- 
withstanding his faithful promises had not delivered John M^Eanduy to 
Lord Drummond, 'so that not onlie has the said Patrik violated promise, 
but occasion is given to the ClanGregor to continue thair accustamat trade 
of evill doing ; Sir John Murray^is charged to deliver the said pledge to Lord 
Drummond within three days under pain of rebellion.' 

''August 12. At Holyroodhouse. At the late ordours takin with the Landis- 
lordis and Chiftane of the MacGregouris for retening of that haill Clan 
undir obedience, Allaster M^Gregour of Glenstra Chief and Chieftain of 
the said Clan tuke upon him certane personis for quhome he wuld be 
ansuerable ; and for the gude rule and quietnes to be keipit be thame the 
personis following viz 

Johne dow M^Ewne, 

Duncane M^Ewne, 

John M^trik V^Eane, 

Gregour M^Gregour V^Ean, 

Patrik gar M^lchallum glas in Rannoch, 

John M^Eanduy in Rannoch, the eldest brother, 

Ewne M^ Allaster pudrach, and 

John MTatrik oig, 

wer del3rverit to him in tickett, of the quhilkis he wes ordanit to entir thrie 
as plegeis, and thrie to be quarterlie relevit with utheris thrie of the remanent 
personis sua that alwyse his Majestie micht be suir of thrie of thame ; con- 
forme to the quhilk in the moneth of Aprile last the said Ewne M^ Allaster 
pudrach wes entrit and deliverit to Johne Erll of Montrose Chancellair, the 
said John M^eanduy in Rannoch wes delivered to Patrik Lord Drummond 
and the said John M%trick V^Eane wes delyverit to Sir Duncane Campbell 

of Glenurquhay, Quhilkis personis haveing now lyne ane haill 

quarter of ane yeir Necessair it is that thai be relevit be the entrie of the 
uthir thrie of the remanent personis foirsaidis, and tharfoir ordainis Lettreis 



Pledges given by MacGregor of Glenstray 263 

to be direct charging AUaster of Glenstra, to enter present and delyver uthir 
thrie plegeis of the personis speciallie abone written * to the same custodians 
as before, who are charged' to ressave the saidis plegeis within thrie houris 
eftir thay be presentit unto thame and to keip and detain thame &a and 
efter the ressett of the saidis plegeis to putt the plegeis presentlie lyand with 
thame to libertie and suffer thame pas quhair thay pleis, as they will ansuer 
to his Majestie at thair higher charge. 
'* 1600. Dec. 5th, at Perth. Allister McGregor schieff and chiftane of the said 
clane tuik upone him certane personis of the name of McGregor for whom 
hie wald be answerable And for the gude rewU and quietnes to be keipit be 
thame the personis following viz 

Johne Dow M^^Ewin,^ 

Duncane M^Ewin, 

Johne M^Phatrik V^Eane, 

Gregor M^^Gregor V*^Eane, 

Patrick Gar M*^Illchael M^^Glass in Rannauche, 

Ewin M^Allaster Pudrache, the eldest brother, 

and John M*^Patrick og, 

are delivered to him in ticket off the quhilkis he is ordainit to enter thrie 
to be quarterlie relewit withe vtheris thrie of the remanent personis sua that 
alwayis we might be suir of thrie of thame conforme to the quhilk in the 
moneth of Aprile last the said Ewin M^Allaster Pudrache was enterit and 
delivered to Johne Erll of Montrois chancelair The said Ewin M^eanduy 
in Rannauche was enterit and delivered to Patrik Lord Drummond, and 
the said Johne M^^Phatrik V*^Eane was deliverit to Sir Duncan Campbell of 
Glenurquhay, Quhilkis plegis haveing layne now one haill quarter of ane 
zeir Necessar it is that thay be relievit be the entrie of vther thrie of the 
remanent personis forsaidis. Our will is Heirfoir &a. 

'^ AUaster Gait McGregor, fathair brothair to the Laird, witness. 
" Duncan M^Allaster quhiddrache V^^Gregor witness (Pudrach). 

—Register of Homings, Perth, in General Register House." 

^ See on previous page, same list, August 12. 



A' 



Chapter XXII 
1600. King James VL XV. November 1600 

CT anent removing and extinguishing of deadly feud : — 



" Our Soveraigne Lord and haill estates of parliament presently convened for 
removing of the present feuds that abounds within the Realme Finds it meet and 
expedient that the parties be charged to compeir before his Highness and secret 
Council at sik days as shal be thought expedient to submit to tua or three friends 
on either side or to subscrive ane submissioun formed and sent by his Majesty to 
them to be subscrived. Whilkis friends by their acceptatioun shall be bound either 
to deceme within the space of thretty days after they have accepted, or else to 
agree at their first meeting, on ane oversman wha shall deceme within that space, 
whilk if they cannot do, they shall within the foresaid thretty days report the 
ground and cause of their disagreement to his Majesty and sik specials of his 
council as his Highness shall find least partial and suspect (Whaes Majesty by the 
advice of the Estates here present is declared to be overs-man in the matter) And 
failying that the friends arbitrators either deceme, or report not, within the foresaid 
space after their acceptation everie one of them by this authority of this present act 
to incur the pain of one thousand pounds to be employed to his Majest/s use. 
And because all feuds are ane of thir three natures, namely that there is either 
slaughter upon neither side or slaughter upon ane side only or else slaughter upon 
both sides the parties in the first may be commanded to agree^ due satisfaction 
being offered and performed at the sight of friends and overs-man in manner 
foresaid Where there is slaughter upon both sides his Majesty may by rigour and 
equality of justice, compell them to agree, due satisfaction being made on either 
side according to the quality of the offence and persons offended; where the 
slaughter is only on one side the party grieved cannot refuse in reason to submit in 
manner foresaid all quarrell he can beare to any person innocent, Justice being 
made patent to him against the guilty specially he being ordained by this present 
Act to persew nane uther but the guilty and that by the Law. And the party so 
peresewed not to beare quarrel for it, but to defend in lawful manner. And that 
all quarrels shall cease against ilk as shall be lawfully persewed in this forme either 



i6oo] Act to extinguish Deadly Feuds 265 

by their conviction or execution by law or otherwise by their clenging and agree- 
ment that all persons of perfitt age, and within the countrie and having entries to 
persew any parties for crimes capitall shall within forty dayes after the publishing 
of this present Act at the head burgh of the shire where the persewer dwells raise 
and cause execute their letter in the said matter and insist in the persuit thereof 
with certification to sik as failzies that their action shall perish, expire, and be 
extinct The daid persewer shall be compelled to submit his action in manner 
above specified reserving alwaies to his Majesty his action as accords with the law. 
Provyding that if the said persewer satisfie the ordinance of this present act and be 
delayed either by ane continuation of the diet by warrand of the Prince or by the 
dilatour defences proponed by the pannell for eliding of the final tryell of the 
persuit In that case the prescription nawise to run against the persewer, having 
done his possible diligence in maner foresaid And because the guiltines of crymes 
consists not only in the persons of the actual committers thereof, but also in 
the authors, causers and mivers of the samin to be committed wha are art 
part and gilty of the said fact where na publict knawledge nor certane tryell 
is had, His Majesty and Estaitis nowyse willing that neither the authors nor 
actours of sik heinous crymes escape the dew punishment through obscurity and 
laik of publik knawledge thereof Declares that the parties offended doing thier 
diligence as said is against the actual and knawn committers of the said crymes 
and satisfying this Act anent their reconciliation with all other persons shall in 
nowyse be prejudged of their action competent against sik persons of whaes gilti- 
ness they shall hereafter get knawledge provyding that they shall bear no fead 
against the said suspect persons whill first after sufficient information obtained they 
raise their letters for summonding of the saids parties to underlye the law and 
either make them fugitive or otherwyse obteine ther persute decided. And further 
the prescription of this present act shall in nowyse militate aginst any party whaes 
actions are already submitted to ane langer day, nor is prescribed in this act Pro- 
vyding that the party doe his diligence in maner above written within fourty days 
after the expiring of the said submission And to the intent that justice be na occasion 
to breed farther trouble every party shall come to the town accompanied allanerlie 
with twentyfour persons where bath they and thir company shall keepe their ludging 
to the hour of cause. At the quhilk first the ane and then the other shall be 
brought out by the town (guard ?) in Armes accompanied from their ludging to the 
bar with the number presrived to their rank by act of parliament The contra- 
vener whereof if he be persewer shall tyne his persute in tyme comming and if he 
be defender he shall be denounced rebell as presumed guilty, and refusing lawful 
triall. And for staying all deadly feads in tyme cumming it shall not be lawful to the 
persewer to invade, persew, bear fead, or quarrel against any friend of the offender 
innocent or not accused and convict of the cryme under the pain of tynsell of his 
action and persute against the guilty and to be compelled to submit with the 

2L 



266 History of the Clan Gregor [i 600-1601 

offenders self Reserring alwyse to his Majesty his action against him for the cryme 
Lyke as the friends of the gilty person being convict of the cryme and fugitiye from 
the law, shall not bear quarel for his persute be law neither maintein, supplie nor reset 
him under the paines conteined in the act against resetters of fugitives and rebels. 
And in case any of the friends of the guilty persons reset him in contempt of the 
present act and others his Highness Lawes, the partie grieved, assisted with his 
Highnes Advocat, shall onely persew the resetters by ordour of law without con- 
vocation or fead, grudge, or quarrdl to be borne against him therefore otherwise 
under the paine of tynsel of his said lawful action in all tyme comming. And to 
this ordour before specified the haill nobilitie and estaites here present have given 
their consent and approbatioun and swome to conforme them thereto in all feads 
whilkis shall fall out in tyme comming. And this present Act nowyse to militat in 
sik cases where the party offender is denunced rebell or shall happen hereafter to 
be fugitive and put to the home, for slaughter or other odious capital crymes, during 
the tyme of their rebellion. And to the intent these present articles may have the 
better effect and be the mair willingly embraced by his Majesty's haill subjects, his 
Highnes of his proper motive and gracious inclination to justice, qnyetness and 
well of his people, solemnly declared and faithfully promissed in presence of the 
saidis estaits that for slaughter and other odious ctymes to be hereafter committed 
his Heighness shall grant no respit, remissioun, pardon, nor oversight at any tymes 
efter, albeit the parties transact and agree themselves, till these inveterate and 
damnable customes of the saids heynous crymes be rooted out and altogether sup- 
pressed ; whilkes articles above written in the haill heads and poijnts of the samyne 
our Soveragne Lord and Estaites foresaid presently convened, ratifies, approves 
and confirms and ordains the samine to have the strength, force and effect of ane 
law in all tyme comming &a. 

1601 March 3. at Holyroodhouse, Commission of Lieutennandrie against the 
ClanGregor. 

''Forasmekle as the Kingis Majestie and Counsall haveing tane grit 
panis and travellis thir divers yeiris bigane for reduceing of the wicked and 
unhappie race of the ClanGregour quha sa lang hes continuet in bluid, thift, 
reif and oppositioun to the obedience of his Majestie and his lawis and to a 
peceable and civile forme of leving : In end Allaster M^regour of Glenstray 
Chief and Ringleidar of that Clan was moved to cum in and to mak an 
offer of the entrie of thrie plegeis quarterlie for the guid reule and obedience 
of himselff, and all sic as be the law and his awin bandis he is ansuerable 
for, and tua onlie of the saidis Plegeis being enterit for the first quarter, And 
his Majestie expectand a constant continuance of the said Allaster in his 
promeist obedience, Notwithstanding it is of a treuth that he following the 
perverse counsall and inclinatioun of his wickit and misreulie Clan hes 



%r ' 



r6oi] Commission of Lieutenancy to Argyll 267 

failzeit in the entrie of the plegeis for the second quarter and is thairfoir 
ordourlie denouncet and registrat at the home, and hes remanet thairat this 
lang tyme bigane, as he dois yit unrelaxt, Intending thirby as appeiris to 
oversie and wink at all the insolencies and attemptatis of the disorderit 
thevis and lymmaris for quhome he audit to ansuer, And his Majestie 
being careful to have the saidis insolent lymmaris repressit and reduceit to 
obedience and his Majestie's gude subjectis redressit of thair skaithis, And 
acknawledgmg the gude inclinatioun of his rycht traist Cusing and Coun- 
sallor Archibald Erll of Ergyll Lord Campbell and Lome, to justice and to 
do his Hienes service, Thairfoir his Majestie hes maid and constitute and 
be the tennour heirof makis and constitutis the said Erll his Majesteis 
Lieutennent and Justice in that pairt to the eflFect following, Gevand Grantand 
and committand to him, his Hienes' full power and commissioun, expres 
bidding and charge. To direct preceptis and Lettreis in his awin name for 
chargeing of the haill personis of the name of M*^Gregour severallie or 
togidder to compeir befoir him quhen and quhairevir he sail appoint 
alsweill for randering of thair obedience and making of suirte for thair 
guid behaviour as for redress of complenaris, and undirlying of the lawis 
under the pane of Homing ; The disobeyaris to denunce to the home, and 
eflir than: said denunciatioun to prosequte thame as fugitives and outlawis 
with fyre and suord and to bume thair housses and to follow and 
persew thame quhairevir they sail flie for eschewing of apprehensioun, 
and to asseig all housses and strengthis quhilkis thay sail tak for thair saif 
gaird; Rais fyre and use all force and Ingyne quhilk can be had for 
recoverie thairof and apprehending of the saidis fugitives and lymnaris 
being thairintiU; As alsua to chairge thair maisteris and Landislordis, 
To entir and present thame befoir him at sic tymes and places as he sail 
pleis to appoint conforme to the General Band, Lieutennent and Justice 
Courtis aganis the said ClanGregour sa oft as the said Liutennent will 
think expedient, to sett, begin, affix hald and continue; Suittis to mak 
be callit; absentis to amerciat; Trespassouris to punische; unlawis, 
amerchiamentis and eschaittis of the saidis Courtis, to ask, lift and raiss 
and for the same, giff neid beis, to poynd and distreinzie ; all and sindrie 
personis of the ClanGregour, suspect and dilaitit of thift, Murthour, 
Slauchter, Fyre-raising, Soming, oppin and maisterful oppressioun and 
uther odious crymes, to serche, seik, tak and apprehend, commit to waird 
and put to the knawledge of ane assyse; And as thay sal happin to be 
foundin culpable or innocent, to caus Justice to be ministrat upoun thame 
conforme to the lawis of this realme ; Assysouris (Jurors) neidfuU to this, 
effect ilk persone under the paine of fourty pundis to summond, waime, 
cheis, (choose) and caus to be swome, Deputis under him with clerkis, 



268 History of the Clan Gregor [1601 

servandis, dempstaris and uther officeris and numberis of Courte neidfull to 
mak creat substitute and ordane ; for quhome he salbe haldin to ansuer ; 
The escheit, gudis of sa mony of the ClanGregour as sail be denunceit 
Rebellis and put to the horne, or as sal be convict and execute to the deid 
be vertew of this commissioun, to intromett and uplift, and for the same, gif 
neid beis to poynd, and distrenzie, and to the said Lieutennentis awin use for 
his labouris to apply ; Quhilkis Escheitis his Majestie and Counsell be the 
tennour heirof Gevis, Grantis and Disponis to the said Lieutennent ; And 
generallie all and sindrie uther thingis to do, exerce and use, quhilkis for 
executioun of this commissioun is requisite and necessar, firme and stabill 
balding and for to hald, all and quhatsumevir thingis sal be lauchfuUie done 
herein ; And becaus the resett and comfort quhilk fugitives and lymmeris 
sa frequentlie gettis among thair friendis and acquentance is not onlie an 
encouragement to thame to continew in thair evill doingis, bot alsua and 
grit hinder to the ordiner courss of Justice, Thairfoir his Majestie and 
Lordis of his Secrete Counsall, Dedans Statutis and ordanis. That quhat- 
sumevir personis sail happin to resett supplie and interteny ony of 
the said ClanGregouris, thair wyffis, Baimis, and geir, eftir they be 
denunceit Rebellis and declarit fugitives and dew intematioun maid thairof 
at the mercat croce of the Schyre; That the same personis sal be 
halden culpable and giltie of the halii bigane ofTensses committit be the 
personis quhome thay sail resett, and sal be haldin ansuerable to the said 
Lieutennent for ony offence to be committit be thame thaireftir ; And forder 
his Majestie nawyse willing that the executioun of this commissioun sail be 
onywyse frustrat or disappointit be ony favour or pardoun to be grantit be 
his Majestie to ony of the ClanGregouris heireftir ; Therfoir his Majestie in 
presence of his Counsall promeist that his Hienes sail grant na favour nor 
oversicht to ony of thame during the tyme of this present Commissioun, bot 
shall remitt thame and thair suittis to the said Lieutennent, And for the 
executioun of this commissioun ordainis lettries to be direct, chargeing all 
and sindrie his Majesties liegeis and subjectis within the boundis of Athoill, 
Lennox, Menteith, Strathearne, Ergyle and Tarbert that thai and everie ane 
of thame Ryse, concur, fortede, and asaist the said Lieutennent within the 
boundis of the Schirefdome quhair thay duell in the persute of the said 
ClanGregour, and executioun of this commissioun, at sic tymes as the said 
Lieutennent sail repaire within the boundis foirsaidis and sail waime and 
chairg thame to this effect be his awin Proclamatioun or particular missives 
under the pane of homing ; And that this present Commissioun ressave 
executioun for redres of complenaris fra the moneth of August anno 1596, 
and induir heireftir for the space of ane zeir nixt to cum eftir the dait heirof 



i6oi] Bond by the Clan Gregor to Argyll 269 

and forder ay and quhill the same be speciallie dischargit be his Majestie. — 
Sec: Con: Rec: Acta." 
Perhaps no Statute Book contains a more singular regulation, giving 
the power of life and death into the hands of Argyll and even guarding 
against the possibility of Royal mercy. Moreover, it is made retrospective, 
although fortunately excluding the murder of Drummonderinach, the 
remission for which was dated July 1596, a month before the limit of 
former complaints. 

" 1601 March 3. Act against the Resetters of the MacGregors goods nearly 
similar to the latter part of the Proclamation of Jan. 31. 1600 and proceeding 
on the narrative of the Commission of Lieutennency of this date. — Rec. Sec. 
Coun. Acta." 
From the " Chartulary " :— 

'* Bond given by the ClanGregor to the Earl of Argyle as 
King's Lieutennent. 
"1601. April 22. At Striuiling. The quhilk Day Alexander M*^Gregour of 
Glenstra compeirand personallie in presence of ane nobill and potent Lord 
Archibald Erie of Ergyle, Lord Campbell and Lome, Justice Generall of 
Scotland, his Majesties Lieutennent in that pairt; Band and obleist and 
tuik upoun him, to be ansuerabill for the haill personis of the surname of 
M^regour be making of thame to be furthcummand to Justice for all 
Thiftis, Soimingis, and oppressiounis, depradatiounis, wrangis, and attemptis 
to be committit be thame, or ony of thame, heireftir and in tyme comeing 
except for sa mony of the surname as he sail qualifie to have maisteris, and 
Landislordis, in presence of the Lordis of Counsall, the said Lieutennent, 
, or any uther his Hienes Lieutennent for the tyme ; and that he hes na resett, 
mantenance or defence of thay quhome he layis upoun the saidis Landis- 
lordis and Maisteris ; at quhilk tyme the said Alexander to be na forder 
burdynit for thay, that he justlie puttis aff him, be qualificatioun foirsaid, 
conforme to the Actis of Counsall sett down thairanent And for the better 
performance heirof the said Alexander sail enter in pledge to the said noble 
Lord 

John dow M*^Condochy V^Allaster 
Patrik gar M^lchallum glas and 
Finlay M^Williame 
sua sone as he may possible, and himself with 
Malcolme M^Dougall Keir, and 
Duncane M^Patrik V*=Dowgall Keir 
To remane and abyde in wairde ay and quhill he entir the saidis thrie 



270 History of the Clan Gregor [1601 

Plegeis, or ellis John dow M^regour his brother with uther twa responsabill 
men of his kin and surname, and the saidis thrie plegeis, or ony of thame, 
being deceissit or execute, or fred, be the said Alexander, he sail entir and 
present utheris in thair placeis at the requisitioun of the saidis Lordis of 
Counsall or Lieutennent for the tyme ; Makand continuallie without inter- 
vall thrie of his surname to remain as plegeis and speciallie thrie of the 
personis following. 

John dhu M^Ewne (second son of Ewne the *Tutour'), 

Duncan M*^Ewne, his brother, 

Johne dow M^ilfadrik V^Robert, 

Robert Abroch M^Gregour (son of Duncan Abroch), 

Patrik M^Eanduy in Rannoch, 

Archibald M^^Condochy V*^Allaster, 

Gregour Skorocht, and 

Duncane M^adrik, 
or ony uther of his surname for the quhilkis he aucht to be ansuerable, at 
the nominatioun of the saidis Lordis &a . . . . under the tinsall of his 
landis, and heretage to be renunceit to the said noble Lord ipso facto for 
ever, or ellis put and qualefie the same to be mentennentis to utheris mais- 
teris and Landislordis without his mantenance and defence. Concerning 
redres of biganes &a (same as in preceding act) The said Alexander 
M^Gregour is ordainit and fullie heirto consentis That he or ellis the said 
John dow his brother sail remane in wairde, quhill redres and satisfactioun 
be maid be him and they of his awin surname and utheris for quhome he is 
obleist be law to be ansuerable to mak payment as the law, constitutioun, 
and pratiques of the cuntrey requyris ; The clames and dittayis to be gevin 
in befoir the thrid day of May nixt to come, and the tuelft day of the said 
moneth assignit to the pairties defendaries, to compeu: and ansuer as the 
said Alex : sail be wairnit to that effect ; withoute prejudice of the contract 
maid betwixt the Erie of Montrois, Patrik Lord Drummond, Sir Duncane 
Campbell of Glenurquhay Knicht on the ane pairt, and the said Alexander, 
as it beiris (i & 2. Feb. 1 590-1) As alsua the personis following, Principallis, 
and maist speciallis, of the race and name of MacGregour, ar ordainit of 
thair awne voluntar, quha be thir presentis ar become bundin, and obleist 
to be ansuerable for thair raices and housses respective for observing guid 
reuU in tyme comeing towardis his Hienes liegis, and for the redres of &ultis 
the space of yeiris bigane contenit in the said noble Lordis commissioun as 
alsua for all uther thair men Tennentis and servantis as law will, viz. 

I. Gregour M^Ewine V*<jregour (eldest son of Ewine the Tutour) 
be the assistance and concurrence of the said noble Lord (Aigyle) and the 
said Alexander M^Gregour of Glenstra, sail be ansuerable for himself and 



i6oi] Bond by the Clan Gregor to Argyll 271 

for all discendit, and to discend of umquhile Ewne M^Gregour (Tutour of 
Glenstra, see Jan. 1584-5), his fader ; 

2. Duncane na Glen MacGregour of Phanean, Paternal uncle of 

Glenstray, 
for his sones and raice to come of him, 

3. Allaster gait MacGregour, Paternal uncle of Glenstray, 

for his sones liberall (natural ?) and raice cum and to come of him, 

4. Duncane M^Allaster pudryche, (Pudrach) 

for himself and all come and to come of umquhile Allaster pudryche his 
father ; 

5. Johne Dhu M^Gregour, 

brother to the said Allaster for himself, his baimis and raice to 
come of him ; 

6. Gregour McNeill, 

7. WiUiame McNeill, 

8. Duncane M^Eanekaine (cham) 

9. Allaster M*^Ewne, 

10. Johne dow M*^Allaster, 

11. Williame M^^Gregour V^Gillechallum, 

12. Johne dow M^regour, Rora, 

13. Duncane M*^Ewne V^Allaster, 

14. Duncane M^Gregour V William in Rannoch, 

15. Duncane M*invalloch, 

16. Johne dow M^^Condochy V^Gregour in Innervar, 

17. Johne M*^Gregour V^eiU, 

for thameselffis, and conjunction for slegh (sliochd) and raice to come of 
umquhile Duncane Lienoch (Roro), 

18. Johne M^^Gregour V'^Eane V^Gregour, 

19. Allaster, Charleis, and Gregour, brether, for thameselffis, hous, and 

raice cum and to come of umquhile Johne MSSregour, and 
Gregour, thair Guidsir and father. 

22. Duncane abroch, and 

23. Patrick aldoch M^Gregouris 

for thameselffis and all discendit and to discend of umquhile Duncan 
Latois, (Ladosach) thair predecessour. 

24. Johnne M%drik ammonach, (Glen Almond) 

25. Gregour M^phadrick ammonoch, 

26. Johne dow M'^Gregour M*=Phadrick of Innerzeldie, 

27. Duncane M^Allaster in Dundume, 

28. Duncane M^Phadrick V^condoquhy, 

29. Allaster M^^Condochy voir, 



272 History of the Clan Gregor [1601 

for thameselffis and conjunctim for thair haill raice cum and to come of 
umquhile Patrik Chaoldich, 

30. Malcolme M^Dowgall keir, 

31. Duncane M^Phadrik V^Dowgall Keir, 

32. Johne M^ilkeir 

33. Dougall M^keir, 

34. Malcolme oig M^r^our V^Dowgall Keir 

for the raice and hous present and to come of the Clan Dowgall Keir ; 

35. Allaster M^^Robert voir, 

for himself and his sones and all discendit and to discend of him 

36. James M^Gregour in Drumphin, for himself his baimis and all cum 

or to come of him. 
** Quhilkis Bandis and Obleisment sail be interpret and extendit towardis 
the airis and successouris of the said Alexander M^regour and all utheris 
obligantis foirsaidis respective without prejudice and not annulling the 
Bandis and oblisingis of thair Maisteris and Landislordis respective, as alsua 
without prejudice of the said Alexanderis Band gevin for himself and all 
utheris for quhome he man be ansuerabill be the law, Sua that everie ane of 
the saidis Bandis have thair awin force and effect in full integretie as thay 
beir at the instanceis of all pairties pretendand enteres thairintill, all fraud 
and gyll secludit ; In witness heirof the presentis written be Johne Hog we 
have subscrivet with oure handis and foUowis day, zeir and place foirsaidis, 
Befoir thir witnesses. 

David Commendator of Dryburgh, 

James Commendator of Incheafray 

Sir Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhay Knicht, 

Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir Knicht 

Sir William Menteith of Kerss Knicht 

James Campbell Fear of Laweris, 

James Leytoun of Tullibody, 

James Kinross of Kippanross. 
Sic Subscribitur, Allaster M^Gregour of Glenstra abonewrittin with my 
hand tuiching the notaries pen underwrittin becaus I can not wryte. 
" May 12. personallie compeirit 

Msdcolme M^regour in Glengyle, 

Malcolme M^Dowilkeir, 

Duncane M^Phatrik VMowilkeur, 

Gregour Neilsoun, 

Johne dow M^r^our Ammonoch, 

Johne M^'Gregour V^^Eane V^Gregour 
in presence of Archibald Erie of Ergyll and subscrivit the Act abonewritten 



i6oi] Sundry Notices to flit 273 

with thair handis led at the pen of the Notar underwrittin, in presence of 

same witnesses as before with the addition of Sir William 

Kerss knicht and James Seytoun of Tullibody. The Bond was eventually 
recorded June 28. 1602. in the Books of Council. 

" Note in * Chartulary.' Out of the 36 Principal men of the ClanGregour 
proposed to be parties to the Bond along with Allaster M*Kjrregor of Glenstra 
only six actually sign it, and that three weeks after him. Argyle appears to 
have had the Bond in his possession for upwards of a year without being 
able to procure any additional signatures to it 
" 1601. June 26. Marie M*^Gregour relict of umquhile Johne Tosheoch son of 
Duncane Tosheoch in Pittenzie is mentioned at this time in the Register of 
Homings for Perth." 

The necessary result of the invitation to bring forward old complaints 
against the Clan appears in numerous complaints as well as notices to 
quit 

" 1601. July 5. GamtuUie as tacksman of Fortigall obtains decreet of removal 
against Janet Stewart relict of umqle Allaster Pudrache MacGregor, Duncan 
M^Eane cham alias McGregor in TuUiechwillen (Lands of Balnacraig) and 
others. 

"1601. July 25. Strowan Robertson against his tenants same as on 21. Jan. 
1597-8 and June 9. 1599; and also John dow M*^Allester V*=Gregour 
WUliam M^^Neill compeired personally; and Neill M*William, John dow 
M^allaster. Malcolm M^WiUiame M^Gregour and Duncan his sone com- 
peirand by procurators. Diet continued. 

"July 25. Strowane Robertson against his tenants. William M^eill V*^Ewin 
M*^Gr^our, in Boirland of Feman and half milne of Strowane Feman. 
Umquhile Neill M^^Condoquhie land of Feman, Alexander M^Gregour 
cleriche, land of Croftnallin, Neill M^William M*^Neill Wester Feman, 
Duncan M^ Allaster M^Gregour land of Tunivoir, Malcolm M^regour sone 
to the said umquhile Neill M^Donquhie Gregour, and several others ^-om- 
peired personally. They were all styled 'pretendit occupiers.' 

"July 25. With regard to Strowane Robertsone's tenants, William McNeill 
made various allegations stating 'That of the lanHo from which he is 
charged to remove' The said WiUiam and his predecessors hes been in 
possessioune thrie hundredth yeiris or thairby as native and kyndlie titularis 
and possessouris therof. 

" Oct. 10. At Brechin. Remissioun to the Laird of Glenurquhay. 

"James &a. Whereas we understanding the great enemity which has 
subsisted from early times (ab antico) between the Laird of Glenurquhay 

2 M 



274 History of the Clan Gregor [1601 

and the surname of MacGregor ; in the course of which many and various 
herschipsy slaughters, and oppressiouns have been committed by both 
parties and surnames, and their complices against the others. And that our 
lovite Sir Duncan Campbell present Laird of Glenurquhay Knicht was 
frequentlie forced to seek remeid by force and the strong hand ; Therefore 
&a Remission in the usual form to Sir Duncan and four of his friends for 
the tresonable burning of the houses of Bar in Glenurchy occupied by 

M*^Gregour. — Privy Seal Ixxij, 162. 
'' 1601. Nov. 10. Compliant Glenurquhay &a against certain MacGregors. 

^'Anent our Soverane Lordis Lettreis raised at the instance of Sir 
Duncan Campbell Knicht Superiour and Heritable Proprietor of the landis 
underwrittm, and Donald M^Innes in the Lands of Tennent 

to the said Sir Duncane in the samyn landis for his enteres, makand 
mentioun, That quhir the said Donald and his servandis haveing in the 
monethis of September last bipast and October instant Schome and Wyne 
his comis quhilkis grew this present yeir upoun the ground of the landis of 

and they being transportand and away leidand the same 
comis off the saidis landis to the saidis Donaldis Barne and Bameyaird ; It 
is of treuthe that 

John dow M*^Gregour V*^Patrick (in Innerzeldies, see Ap. 1601), 

Duncan M^Phatrick (his father's brother), 

Gregour Ammonoch (in Kingart), 

Johne, brother to the said Gregour, 

Duncane dow M^Ewin V*^Eane, 

Patrik M^Ewin V^Eane his brother, 

with utheris their Complices, haveing schaken aff all reverence and dewtifull 
obedience thay should have, and beir to his Hienes lawis, all bodin in feir 
of weir (arrayed in warlike fashion) with haberschois, Poleaixis Tua handit 
suordis, and other weaponis invasive and haquebuts and pistols prohibete 
to be worne be act of Parliament; came upoun the said complenaris 
haifipent and ^ broke down his wains and cars, and threatened to murder 
" May 12. ^ mede any resistance.' 

Malcolidayed by command and direction of his Majesty for the expenses 
Malcolme M . expeding of the Remissioun granted to the Laird of 
Duncane M^Phbis servants, and of a gift of discharge of all unlaws and 
Gregour Neilsouiiy Glenurquhay, ;^49, 2s. 4d. (Scots).— Lord High 
Johne dow M*Xjreg< 

Johne M^Gregour V^/arl of Argyle denounced rebel for not producing 
in presence of Archibald Eter Macean oig of Glencoe to whom he is master 



[6o2] Sundry Complaints against the Clan 275 

and landlord, and for whom he ought to be answerable As also John Gait 
MacGr^or whom he has at least had in his custody and keeping, &a &a. 

'' 1602. Jan. 31st. The King undertook to assist Queen Elizabeth of England 
with a levy of ' Hieland men ' to repress a rebellion in Ireland and directed 
a levy * of thir men upoun sic of his Majesties subjests within the Hielandis 
as ar of maist power to fumis yame.' In this levy The Laird of Mac- 
Gregour is set down for 50 men. 

" 1602. 19th June. 

"Alexander Colquhoun of Luss having apprehended * Robert M^^Gregor 
sone to Duncane Abrach MacGregor and with his awne hand put him to 
liberty ' is charged to produce the said Robert And Letters were sent directing 
Luss accordingly. 

« 1602. 

" Complaint by Alex. Stewart of Dalguis that, about 6 years ago, Johne 
Dow M^Gregour, brother of the laird of McGregor or at least his servants 
stole out of the ^ Mucht of Strabrane ' (Strathbran) 16 head of horses & mares, 
worth 20 merks each, — * To the takin the said Johnne M^Gregour being in 
his own cradak in a rowme that he haldis of the Laird of Tullibardine, in 
Balquhidder, sent owt his men and tuke the said hors fra the said com- 
pliners sone, and sic utheris his servandis that wer thair that followit the 
said hors.'^ 

" 1602. June 28th. 

" The Band executed between the Earl of Argyll and the ClanGregor in 
April 1 60 1 is put before the King and Council at Perth, and ordered to be 
registered Promise was also made for the Earl of Argyll ' that whenever 
the said Earl should be required by his Majesty and Council, to enter and 
produce the persons underwritten or any three of them viz John dow 
M^^Ewne, Duncan M^'Ewne his brother, John Dhu M^Ilphadrick V^Robert, 
Robert Abroch MacGregor, Duncan M^^Induy in Ranoch, Archibald 
M^Condochy V^Allaster, Gregor Scorach and Duncan M%drick. 

" 1602. July. The Earl of Argyll is desired to produce John Gait M^r^or. 

" 1602. July 13th. 

" Anent letters raised at the instance Menzies of Weem explaining that he 
is not able to make certain of the ClanGregor and uthers dwelling in Rora 
answerable because ' Quhilkes persones albeit they duell within the boundis 
of Rora zit thay are nowther mentennentis nor seruandis to the said com- 
plenar and pass not maill nor dewtie to him nor nawayis aknawledges him 
but thay are substakismen to Duncan McGregor sone to umqle Gregor 
M^Condochy his tennent and were input and placit by (without) the said 
complenars knawledge, consent, permission & allowance be him and be 
^ The sentence does not run very clearly, but it is taken from the original account 



276 History of the Clan Gregor [1602 

William McNeill in Farnan, Duncane M^Allaster there and Duncane M^eane 
cam in Forthergill tutor to the said (Duncan M^regor) And seeing the 
said complenar is not able to mak them answerable Ressoun and equitie 
cravis that he sould have the relief of the said tutor be quhome the saidis 
personis complenit upon wer enterit in his saidis landis and thay sould be 
enterit and presentit befoir his majesty and the saidis Lordes the said day 
be thair maisteris and landislordis for order to be taken with theme anent the 
said complenars relieff and the billis layed upoun him And anent the 
Charge gevin to Robertsoun of Strowane maister and landislord to the saidis 
Williame McNeill Duncane M^Allaster &a (who were in Feman) Robertson 
of Strowan for being oft times callit and not compeiring or presenting the 
men, is denounced Rebel. 

*' Strowan is also charged to present to the Council Alester MacGr^or 
Cleriche, to answer to a complaint by Watson in Amtullie. Various 
complaints follow. 
" 1602. June or July. 

"Anent the complaint given in by Patrick Scott in Glennilmet in the 
bishoprick of Dunkeld upon Duncan M^Eachanie MacGregor, in Tulloch- 
moline in Fartirchill servant to the laird of GamtuUie for stealing with his 
complices, broken men of his friendship at his command 4 Cows and 
an ox in 1600 and 3 wedders 3 years old, was challenged selling one of the 
cows at Andermas fair, Gamtullie decerned to redress the above. 

A note by Mr MacGregor Stirling states that this Duncan is the person 
mentioned as having been taken prisoner by Macintosh in King James VI. 
letter of 30th March 1596-7 ; whilst in the entry of 13th July 1602, he is 
stated to be ' tutour ' of MacGregor of Rora. 

" 1602. July 17th. 

** Alexander McGregor was infeft in the lands of Lagarie in the Dukedom 
of Lennox and Shire of Dumbarton on a precept of Clare Constat as heir of 
his father John MacGregor of ArdinconnelL His brother Gr^or Mac- 
Gregor was a witness to the infeltment — Record of the Burgh of Dum- 
barton. 
'' 1602. August 3d. At Falkland. 

" Complaint of Andrew Ramsay at Mill of Innerqueich, theft of Cattle by 
Alaster M^Alaster and John Dow M^Ewen McGregor and others from the 
lands of Corb and Drycurie in the forest of Alyth. 
" 1602. August 6th. At Falkland. 

''Earl of Argyle denounced, eight different entries for not producing 
before the Council Donald M^eane dowy M^Allaster in Glencoans, M^on- 



\ 



Argyll charged to answer for MacGregors 277 

dochy V^^ean roy, Ewne M*=Allaster Pudrach, John dow M^Ewne MacGregor, 

M^Condochy of Inneraw and Duncan M^^Ewne MacGregor. 
'' 1602. Earl of Argyle charged to present John Gait MacGregor and all the 

remaining persons of the ClanGr^or for whom he has become answerable 

on 24th Nov. 
" x6o2. Nov. 25th. At Holyroodhouse. 

" Colquhoun of Luss against the Earl of Argyle, for proving that the Earl 

is answerable for certain persons ; 

Allaster MacGr^or of Glenstray, 

John Dhu his brother, 

Duncan Glen of Feman, 

Gregor son to the said Duncan, 

Patrick also his son, 

Allaster Gait in Culquhirrilan, 

Patrick and Duncan his sons, 

Patrick in Caldemot and his sons, 

John Dhu and Duncan, 

Duncan M*^0tter dow in the Otter, 

Gr^or M^Ewne in Moiminche, 

John dow M^Ewne his brother, 

Duncan M^Ewene do., 

Allaster M^Allaster vreik, 

Gregor M^ouU, 

Duncan Ger his brother, 

Duncans M^Ewene his brother, 

CaUum MacGregor V^ulcheir (Dow), 

Dougal roy MacGregor, vagabond, 

Allaster M'^Condochy M'^eane dowy V'Cregor householdman to the 

Laird of MacGregor, 
Neill M^eane duy V*=Ewne, 
Duncan M^Ewene V^llevoill, 
Donald M^Ewine, 

John dow lean M*^Phadrick V^^culcher, 
Challum McNeill vane MacGregor, 

All men tenants and servants to Archibald Earl of Argyll dwelling 
upon his land and are such persons as by the laws of this realme acts of 
Parliament and General Band he will be held to answer for. Therefore 
ordain letters to be direct to summon such witnesses as the said Laird of 
Luss intends to use for proving of the said matter To compeir personally 



/ 



278 History of the Clan Gregor [1602 

the said day to bear leal and soothfast witnessing in the said matter, under 
the pain of rebellion &a. And the said Laird of Luss compeiring personally 
and the said Archibald Earl of Argyll compeiring by Mr Geoige Arskin his 
procurator are warned hereof apud Acta. 
" 1602 Nov. 

''Item to Patrik M'^omeis messenger passing from Edinburgh with 
letters to charge Archibald Earl of Aigyll to compeir personally before the 
Council the i6th day of Dec next to answer to such things as shall be 
inquired of him touching his lying at await for the laird of Ardincapill upoun 
set purpose to have slain him." 

From the published Raster of Privy Council ^ : — 

'' 1602. The Earl of Argyll had become bound in 20,000 merks that he and 
those for whom he b answerable should observe good rule in the country 
and satisfy parties skaithed, Since then the Earl had obtained a commission 
of lieutenancy against the ClanGregour dated in March 1601, & still 
undischarged, empowering him to take surety of the Clan for their good 
behaviour in future. In accordance with this commission he had convened 
before him at Stirling the Laird of M^Gregour, and all the principals of the 
branches of that name, and thus having them ' all undir his power'; either 
took or should have taken ample surety from them, Yet though the said 
commission is in full force, the said ClanGr^our 'has bene and ar als 
insolent and of als wicked and inhappie a dispositioun as they wer at ony 
time preceiding, and hes committit not onlie oppin and avowit heirschippis 
and depredationis upoun fair daylicht upoun divers of his Heynes guid 
subjectis, as namely upoun the Laird of Luss and Buchannane bot alsua 
they commit daylie prevey stouthis and robberies in all pairtis quhair they 
may find the commoditie of thair pray.' . • . For example (several cases 
follow,) . . . John Gait M^Gregour having been apprehended by the said 
Earl as his Majesty's lieutenant, the said Earl was required to enter him 
before the King and Council ; but although he made sundry promises to his 
Majesty to enter the said Johne yet he has not only frdled to do so ' bot to 
the forder contempt of his Heynes ' has set him at liberty. The King and 
his Council decern the said principal and his sureties to have incurred the 
penalty of 20,000 merks and ordain letters of Homing &a." 

^ An abridgment of a paper in the *' Chartulary." Mention is made of Allaster Gait MacGregor, 
Duncan Glen MacGregor, and Patrick MacGregor, all brothers, and father's brothers to Allaster 
MacGregor of Glenstrae ; also of Cattemach MacGregor in Lome, and sundry others, all men 
tenants and servants to the said Earl of Argyle. 



1 



\ 



l602] 



Chapter XXIII 
Battle of Glenfruin 

TipROM the " Baronage," continued from Chapter XVI. :— 

''XVI. Alexander MacGregor of that Ilk, a man of determined and martial 
spirit He fought the memorable battle of Glenfroon, against the Colquhouns, 
Buchannans, Graemes, anno 1602. 

"We have hereto subjoined a full account of this aflfair, faithfully translated 
from a Latin history of the family of Sutherland, written by Mr Alexander Ross, 
Professor in the University of Aberdeen, anno 1631 : by which it plainly appears 
how grossly this unfortunate Clan have been represented and abused." 

Although the differences are but slight, it may be better here to give 
the published version of Sir Robert Gordon's history, which is very nearly 
similar.^ 

" Extract from the * Genealogical History of the Erldom of Sutherland from its 
origen to the year of God 1630.' written by Sir Robert Gordon of Gordon- 
stoun, Baronet with a continuation to the year 165 1. published from the 
Original Manuscript. Edinburgh 18 18. Folio pages 244-247 : — 

'*In lent, the yeir of God 1602., ther happened a great tumult and combustion 
in the west of Scotland, betuein the Laird of Lus (Chie£f of the surname of 
Colquhoun, and Alexander Mackgregor (Chieftane of the ClanGregar). Ther had 
ben formerlie some rancour among them, for divers mutuall harships and wrongs 
done on either syd ; first by Luss his freinds, against some of the Clangregar, and 
then by John Mackgregar (the brother of the forsaid Alexander Mackregar) against 
the Laird of Luss, his dependers and tennents. And now Alexander M^^Gregar 

^ A MS. Note in the FamUy Edition of Douglas's " Baronage," probably by Mr MacGregor 
Stirling, adds Mr Ross, who seems to have freely, and with some slight variations, translated into 
Latin Sir Robert Gordon of Gordanstoun's '' History of the Earldom of Sutherland," written the 
year before, i.e, 1630. Other accounts are added in Appendix. 



28o History of the Clan Gregor [1602 

(being accompanied with 200 of his kin and freinds) came from the Rannoch into 
the Lennox, to the Laird of Lus his owne bounds, with a resolution to tak away 
these dissensions and jarrs by the mediation of freinds. In this meantyme the 
Laird of Luss doth assemble aU his pertakers and dependers, with the Buchannans 
and others, to the number of 300 horsemen and 500 foott ; intending that iff the 
issue of their meitting did not answer his expectation, he might inclose the enemies 
within his cuntrey, and so overthrow them. Bot the Clangregar being vpon their 
guard, it happened otherwise ; for presentlie after that the meitting dissolued, the 
Laird of Luss, thinkmg to tak his enemies at vnawars, persued them hastylie and 
eagerlye at Glen-Freon. Mackgregar had his company pairted in tuo ; the most 
pairt he led himselff, the rest he committed to the charge of and conduct of his 
brother John, who drew a compas about, and invaded the Laird of Luss his 
company when they least expected. The combat wes foughten with great courage ; 
In end, the Clangregar prevailed, chased ther enemies, killed divers gentlemen, and 
some burgesses of the toun of Dumbarton, with 200 others and took divers 
prisoners. Of the Clangregar (which is almost a wonder) tuo onlie wes slain; 
John Mackgr^iar (the brother of Alexander) and another ; but divers of them wer 
hurt 

** The report of this combat and victorie came to the king's ears at Edinburgh, 
where elevin score bloodie shirts ^ (of those that were slain in that skirmish) were 
presented to his Matie, who wes therupon exceedingly incensed against the Clan- 
gregar, having none about the King to plead their cause, which proved hurtfuU to 
them, almost to the rwyne of thet famelie and surname ; for the King afterward 
caused proclaime them rebells, directed commissions and lettres of intercomuning 
against ^em, forbidding any of his leiges to harbor them. At last he imployed 
the Earl of Argyle and the Campbells against them, who pursued them divers 
tymes; and at Bentoik' where Robert Campbell (the Laird of Glen Vrquhie his 
sone) accompanied with some of the Clanchamron, Clanab, and Clanronald, to the 
number of tuo hundred chosen men, faught against thriescore of the Clangregar ; 
in which conflict tuo of the Clangregar wer slain, to witt, Duncan Aberigh (one of 
the Chieftanes) and his sone Duncan. Seaven gentlemen of the Campbells syd 
were killed ther, though they seemed to have the victorie. So after much skughter, 
many skirmishes, and divers slights vsed against the Clangregar, in end they 
subdued them, by the death of many of them and ther followers, and no lesse 
(iff not iarr greater) slaughter of the Campbells. Then commissions wer sent 
thorow the Kingdome, for fyning the recepters and harbourers of the Clangr^;ar, 
and for punishing such as did intercommoun with them ; all which fynes wer given 

^ See further on. It appears to be condusively shown that there were two conflicts between the 
MacGregors and Colquhotins, with an interval of two months between them, and it was after the 
first, caUed the Raid of Glenfinlas, that this incident took place.— Ed. 

* See later, in 161 1. 



i6o2] Incident before the Conflict of Glenfruin 28 1 

by his M&tie to the Earle of Argyle, and converted to his vse and benefit, as a 
recompense of that service. 

'^ After many severall changes of fortune, Alexander Mackgregar rendered 
himselff to the Earle of Argyle, vpon condition that he wold su£fer him to goe saiflie 
into England to King James, to let his Matie know the true state of their bussines 
from the beginning ; and in pledge of his retume agane to the Earle of Argyle, he 
gave him threttie of the cheifest men, and of best reputation among the Clangregar, 
to remain in Argyle his custodie till his return from England. Mackgregar wes no 
sooner at Bervick, vpon his journey to London bot, he wes brought back again to 
Edinburgh by the Earle of Argyle, and ther, by his meanes, execute, together with 
the thretty pledges befor mentioned; whereby he thought not onlie to pacefie 
all these broills, bot also to extinguish vtterlie the name of Clangregar ; yit he wes 
deceaved, for now agane the Clangregar are come almost to their former vigor, and 
Argyle reaped small credet by this service." 

The notes in the " Baronage " may still serve as a comment on the 
foregoing. 

" Though this account diflfers greatly from Mr George Crawfurd's history of the 
family of Colquhoun ; yet whether that account written by an impartial author, 
within less than 30 years after the affair happened, when the whole transaction was 
fresh in everybody's memory, or that written above 100 years thereafter, when many of 
the facts must have been forgotten, deserves most to be believed, is submitted to the 
judgment of our readers." 

Traditional account of one of the incidents which led to the Battle 
of Glenfruin : — 

'^Before Marshal Wade paved the way for carriers and stage-coaches, the 
Highlanders received all their little necessaries and luxuries through the hands of 
pedlars, who made regular visits to one or other of the large towns, and brought 
back in their packs the articles chiefly in demand at home. The pedlars as a class, 
were of great importance to the whole community, and Highland faith and hospi- 
tality guaranteed to them security and good reception wherever they went. Two 
pedlars of the McGregors of Dunan, in the Braes of Rannoch, were benighted while 
on the way home from Glasgow, on the property of Sir Humphrey Colquhoun of 
Luss. They asked hospitality which was refused. This churlishness was owing to 
the quarrels of the Colquhouns with their neighbours, the M*^Gregors of Glengyle ; 
but the Colquhouns in setting limits to the hospitality asked, so far violated the con- 
ventional and hereditary code of Highland morality, that the pedlars deemed them- 
selves justified in taking what was refused. They kindled a fire in an unoccupied 
sheiling-house, and taking a wedder from the fold, killed it and feasted on its carcase. 

2 N 



/ 



282 History of the Clan Gregor [1602 

Unluckily for them, the wedder was the most marked animal in the fold. It was 
black all but the tail, which was white. In the morning, the shepherds missed at 
once ' Mult dubh an earbhail ghil ' — the black wedder with the white tail. The 
pedlars were at once suspected, pursued, captured, brought back, and hanged 
without delay. The McGregors could not tamely pass over such an afiront. 
Alastair of Glenstrae Chief of the Clan with about 300 men left Rannoch in the 
beginning of the year 1602 and encamped on the Colquhoun Marches. He pro- 
posed an accommodation, on condition that the Colquhouns acknowledged their 
£^ult and made reparation to the friends of the deceased by paying the blood 

•eric' Sir Humphrey scorned the oflFers of peace," — From the 

" Lairds of Glenlyon," pages 20-21. 

The other side of the conflict now claims attention, and it will be 
easiest found in the " Chiefs of Colquhoun." ^ 

First in point of chronology it may be well to take the following 
excerpt : — 

" Among the Luss papers there are lists of articles stolen by the MacGregors 

fix)m the Colquhouns in the year 1594, and in other years previous to 1600 and 

these lists show how much the Colquhouns had suffered from the MacGregors. 

But in 1602, the MacGregors made more formidable inroads into the lands of Luss, 

spreading consternation among the inhabitants. Complaints were made against 

them by the Laird of Luss to King James, upon which his Majesty dispensing with 

the provisions of an Act of Parliament, forbidding the carrying of arms, granted 

permission to him and his tenants to wear various kinds of offensive weapons. The 

royal letter granting him this liberty is in the following terms : — 

"'Rex, 

« < We vnderstanding that sindrie of the disorderit thevis and lymmares of 

the Clangregour, with utheris thair complices, dalie makis incursionis vpon, 

and within the boundis and landis pertening to Alexander Colquhoun of 

Luss, steillis, reiffis, and away takis, diuers great heirschippis fra him and his 

tenentis lykas they tak greater bauldnes to continew in thair said stouth and 

reaff, becaus they ar enarmit with all kynd of prohibite and forbidden 

wapynnis. Thairfoir and for the better defence of the Laird of Lus, and his 

saidis tennentis, guidis, and geir, fra the persute of the saidis thevis and 

broken men, to have gevin, and granted, and be the tennour heirof gevis, and 

grantis, licence, and libertie, to the said Alexander Colquhoun of Lus, his 

houshald men, and seruandis and sic as sail accompany him, not onlie to 

beir, weir, and schuitt with hagbuttis and pistolettis, in the following 

^ Sir WilUam Fraser, K.C.B. and D.C.L., the distinguished author of this valuable work, has 
given a very cordial assent to the Editor's wish to take advantage of it for quotations. 



i6o2] Raid of Glenfinlas 283 

and persute of the saidis thevis, and lymmeris, quilk is lauchtfiill be the Act 
of Parliament, bot also to beir and weir the same hagbuittis and pistolettis 
in any pairt abone the water of Leaven, and at the said Lairdis place 
of Dunglas and lands of Colquhoun and, for the watcheing and keiping 
of thair awne guidis, without any crime, skaythe, pane, or danger to 
be incurrit be thame thairthrou, in thair personis, landis, or guidis, be 
any maner of way, in tyme cuming, notwithstanding any our actis, 
statutis, or proclamationis maid in the contrair thairanent, and painis 
thairin contenit, we dispense be thir presentis. gevin vnder our signet 
and subsciuit with our hand, at Hamiltoun the first day of September, 
and of our reigne the xxxvi. zeir, 1602. James R.' 

"The right to carry arms thus granted to the Laird of Luss and his retainers, so 
far from inspiring the MacGregors with terror seems rather to have inflamed their 
resentment against the Colquhouns and proved, there is reason to fear, the imme- 
diate occasion of the disastrous conflict at Glenfinlas and Glenfruin which fol- 
lowed. 

"The Laird of Luss made a complaint in Nov. 1602 if not earlier against 
the Earl of Argyle, as the King's lieutenant in the bounds of the Clangregour, for 
permitting them and others to commit outrages upon him and his tenants. The 
Lord High Treasurer and the King's Advocate had before 30. Nov. that year, 
prosecuted Argyll for certain alleged atrocities of that Clan, of which the only one 
specified is said to have been committed ' on the lairds of Luss and Buchannan.' 
Argyll and his sureties in the bond which as King's lieutenant he had given to the 
government, not having appeared before the Council in obedience to the summons 
issued against them, were fined in terms of the bond ; but he was assoilzied from the 
charge brought against him by Colquhoun, the latter having failed to prove it. 

" The first of the raids referred to between the MacGregors and the Colquhouns 
took place on the 7. December 1602. at Glenfinlas a glen about two miles to the 
west of Rossdhu, and three to the north of Glenfiiiin, to which it runs parallel, 
namely in a north-westerly or a south-easterly direction. 

" The raid was headed by Duncan Makewin Macgregour, tutour of Glenstray.^ 
Accompanied with about eighty persons to quote from a contemporary Luss paper, 
by way of oppressions and reif, he came to the dwelling houses and steadings 
of many tenants, broke up their doors, and not only took their whole inside 
plenishing out of their houses, but also took and reft from them three hundred 
cows, one hundred horses and mares, four hundred sheep, and four hundred goats. 
Among the tenants despoiled were John Maccaslane of Caldenoth and John Leich 
of Cullichippen, besides various tenants in Edintagert, Glenmacaime, Auchintullich, 

^ Ewin MacGregor, Tutour of Glenstray, died before 1601. After his death, Duncan M^Ewin, 
his third son, was sometime later styled the Tutor of Glenstray. — Ed. 



284 History of the Clan Gregor [1602 

Finlas. Tomboy Midros &a. The houses plundered amounted to forty-five (another 
Luss paper states * above fourscore '). 

*^ Another of the Luss papers entitled ' Memorandum for Duncan MacKintur- 
nour, elder in Luss. records that in the month of Dec. 1602 years, at the herschip 
of Glenfinlas, two months before the day of Glenfruin, Duncan Mackewin Mac- 
gregor and his accomplices to the number of fourscore persons most cruelly reft, 
spoilzeit and away took from the said Duncane Mackintumour, forth of his xxs 
land of Glenmakeame, twenty-five cows, and thirty sheep, the property of the said 
Duncan. 

" Various lists of the names of the accomplices of the Macgregors are preserved 
among the Luss papers. These accomplices were chiefly persons of the name 
of MacGregor, under the Earl of Argyll and also under the Lairds of Tullibardin, 
Strowan Robertson, &a. The resetters of the plundered articles were chiefly about 
Lochgoylhead, Strachur, Ardkinlas, and Appin. 

" At the fray of Glenfinlas, besides the depredations committed two of the 
Colquhoun people were killed, one of them a household servant of the Laird 
of Colquhoun and the other a webster. Under the date of 12. Aug. 1603 
Neill Macgregor was 'delated and accused of being airt and pairt of the 
slauchter of umqle Patrik Layng and of vmquile John Reid wobster, servandis 
to the Laird of Luss committit in Dec. last and also of stealing.' 

" Alexander Colquhoun of Luss as we have already seen, before this raid com- 
plained to the Privy Council, against the Earl of Argyll, for not repressing the 
ClanGregor. Having then failed to obtain any redress from the Council, he was 
advised by some of his friends after the conflict at Glenfinlas, to appear before the 
King, who was at Stirling, to complain of the depradations and cruel murders com- 
mitted by the MacGregors, and to give the greater effect to his complaint, to take 
along with him a number of women carrying the bloody shirts of their murdered or 
wounded husbands and sons. The idea of this tragical demonstration was sug- 
gested to him by Semple of Fulwood and William Stewart, Captain of Dumbarton 
Castle, as we learn from the following letter, written to him by Thomas Fallisdaill, 
burgess of Dumbarton, only a few days after the conflict : — 

" * Rycht honorable Sir, my dewtie with service remembrit, plas zour 
ma(stership) the Lard of FuUewod and the Capitane thinkis best zour ma : 
adres to zour self, wyth als mony bludie sarks, as ather ar deid, or hurt of 
zour men, togitter wyth als mony vemen, to present thame to his Maiestie 
in Stirling, and to zour ma : to be thair vpone Tysday nixt, for thai ar bayth 
to ryd thair vpone tysday, quha will assist zow at thair power. The meistest 
tyme is now becauss of the French Imbaissadour that is with his Maistie. 
The rest of thair opinioun, I sail cum wpe the mome, vpone zour ma : 
aduertisment .... Me Lord Duik is also in Stirling, quhome the Laird 



Commission of Lieutenancy granted to Luss 285 

of FuUvad and the Capitane wald fain zow agreit with presentlie, and lat 
actionis of law rest ower. Sua I end, committing zour ma : for ewer to the 
Lord. Dumbartane, this Sunday, the xix of dec. 1602. 
" * zour ma(stership) awen for ewer, 

"'Thomas Fallusdaill, Burges of Dunbertane. 
" * To the Rycht honorable Alexander Colquhoun of Luss, in haist, this vretting.' 

"Thus advised, Alexander Colquhoun of Luss went on the 21. of the same 
month, to the King, at Stirling, accompanied by a number of females, the relatives 
of the parties who had been killed or wounded at Glenfinlas, each carrying the 
bloody shirt of her killed or wounded relative, to implore his Majesty to avenge 
the wrongs done to them. The scene produced a strong sensation in the mind of 
the King, who was extremely susceptible to the impression of tragic spectacles. 
His sympathy was excited towards the sufferers ; and his resentment was roused 
against the Macgregors, on whom he vowed to take vengeance. As the speediest 
means of redress, he granted a commbsion of lieutenancy to Alexander Colquhoun 
of Luss, investing him with power to repress crimes of the description from which 
he had suffered, and to apprehend the perpetrators. 

" This commission granted to their enemy, appears to have roused the lawless 
rage of the Macgregors, who rose in strong force to defy the Laird of Luss ; and 
Glenfruin, with its disastrous and sanguinary defeat of the Colquhouns, and its 
ultimate terrible consequences to the victorious clan themselves was the result. 
Sir Robert Gordon, in his history of the Earls of Sutherland, mistakes the conflict 
of Glenfinlas ^ for the more serious one of Glenfruin which took place shortly after. 
... Sir Walter Scott founding on this (Gordon's) as his authority improves upon 
it by the addition of various circumstances which, however, are purely fictitious. 
'The widows of the slain,' says he, 'to the number of eleven score, in deep 
mourning, riding upon white palfreys, and each bearing her husband's bloody shirt 
on a spear, appeared at Stirling, in presence of a monarch peculiarly accessible to 
such sights of fear and sorrow, to demand vengeance for the death of their husbands, 
upon those by whom they had been made desolate.' The bloody shirt scene was 
after the raid at Glenfinlas, and as only a few (two) were killed on that occasion, 
though a great number might be wounded. Sir Robert Gordon and after him Sir 
Walter Scott, exaggerates what actually took place. The scene was not repeated 
after the more sanguinary conflict at Glenfruin, though then it would have been a 
spectacle much more impressive from the far greater number who were killed and 
wounded. 

" It has been asserted by some writers that, in the beginning of the year 1603, 
the MacGregors and the Colquhouns made friendly propositions to hold a con- 

^ Sir William Fraser gives positive proof of the two separate conflicts and of the display of shirts 
taking place after the first of the two. 



286 History of the Clan Gregor [1603 

ference with the view of terminating their animosities, while at the same time each 
determined should the result of a meeting be unsuccessful, to have recourse to 
instant measures of hostility. Sir Robert Gordon .... represents the matter 
more favourably for the Macgregors. (Here follows a short quotation from Sir 
Robert Gordon from the departure of Alexander Macgregor of Rannoch, the Laird 
of Luss persewing them at Glenfruin.) Sir Robert Gordon was contemporary, but 
he is here incorrect in various of his statements, as can be proved from authentic 
documents of the period. No evidence whatever exists of the conference referred 
to having been either held or intended. From the position of the two parties, it 
is hardly possible that any such conference could have been thought of, far less 
held. The Macgregors were more in the position of rebels, whilst Colquhoun was 
invested with a commission from the King to apprehend and punish them for their 
crimes, and the whole circumstances of the case, so far from affording any ground 
to believe that, at the close of the alleged conference, the Laird of Luss treacherously 
attacked the MacGregors, render it far more probable that he himself was entrapped 
by them while proceeding through the Glen in execution of his commission.^ 

''That the Macgregors were, in the present instance, the aggressors is the 
conclusion, to which we are led from the statements made in the indictment of 
Allaster Macgregor, in which he was accused of having deliberately planned the 
destruction of the Colquhouns and their allies, the extirpation of their name, the 
plunder of their lands, and of having for the purpose of carrying out these plans, 
invaded Alexander Colquhoun's lands with numerous armed men ; all of which 
was proved against him by a jury of most respectable gentlemen.' Similar state- 
ments are contained m the indictments of others who were tried for ^the same 
crime^and in many acts and proclamations against the clan. If the correctness of 
the statement of the Government may be disputed, it is to be observed that its 
truthfulness is strongly confirmed by the declaration made by Allaster Macgregor 
before his execution. 

''That some desperate attack upon the Colquhouns was at this time con- 
templated by the Macgregors appears to have been the feeling prevalent throughout 
the Lennox. The order issued by the town Council of Dumbarton, that the 
burgesses should be provided with armour, and be ready to present the same at 
the muster, plainly indicates the apprehensions entertained in that burgh, that 

^ The whole of the last paragraph is, of course, only a matter of conjecture on the part of the 
learned Baronet ; but if Luss was proceeding down the Glen on the errand of capturing the 
MacGregors by armed force, could he be said to be entrapped when his victims turned the tables 
upon him ? It is very doubtful whether Glenstray was aware that the Laird of Luss had the King's 
Commission. 

' The gentlemen of the jury were undoubtedly highly respectable, bat not all of them impartial. 
A list of them will be found in chapter xxvi. 



i6o3] Conflict of Glenfruin 287 

danger was impending, and that it was necessary to be prepared for resisting 
some dreaded foe, who was doubtless the ClanGregor. 

<* 1603. Jan. 8. It is ordained that all burgesses within the burgh be sufficientlie 
fumissit with armor, and that sik persones as the baillies and counsall think 
fitt sail be fumissit with hagbuttis, that they haif the samyn with the fumitear 
thaito, utheris quha sail be appointit, to haif jak, speir, and steilbonnat, that 
thay be fumissit with the samyn, and that the baillies and counsall on the 
xxi of this instant, mak ane cathelok of the saidis personis namis with thair 
armor, and thay be chargeit to haif the said armor redey, and to present 
thame with the samyn at muster and this to remaine in all tymes under the 
pane of ten pundis, the ane half to the baillie, the uthir to the use of the 
burgh. Item that ilk merchand or craftisman, keipand baith haif ane halbart 
within the samyn under the pane of five pundis. Item, that na burgess be 
maid heirefter without production of his armor at his creatioun, and that he 
sweir the samyn is his own. 

"How well founded these apprehensions were was proved by the event. 
Allaster Macgregor of Glenstra, at the head of a large body of the ClanGregor, 
with the addition of a considerable number of confederates from the clans of 
Cameron and Anverich, armed with hagbuts, pistols, munions, mailcoats, pow-aixes 
two-handed swords, bows, darlochs, and other weapons, advanced into the territory 
of Luss. At that time there was no tumpike on Lochlongside, the present Lochlong 
road having since been made, it is supposed by the Duke of Argyll, and therefore 
formerly called *The Duke's road.' There was however a tract or path of some 
kind along the side of Lochlong and this may have been the way by which the 
Macgregors came to Glenfruin. To repel the invader, the Laird of Luss hastily 
collected a considerable force of men, whom, under a royal commission, he had 
raised for the protection of the district, and for the punishment of the Macgregors. 

"The parties encountered each other on the 7. of Feb. 1603. at Glenfruin, at a 
spot, according to tradition, situated upon the farm of Strone, or Auchengaich, near 
the sources of the Fmia The name Glenfrain which means the *glen of sorrow' 
well accords with the sanguinary scene which on this occasion it witnessed ; but it 
did not from thence derive its name. In charters of the lands of Luss, of a date 
previous to the battle, mention is made of Frevne. It forms a verdant valley, of 
considerable length, some of it under cultivation with a deep loamy soil, nearly 
half a mile in breadth between hills barren of trees and shmbs, with the exception 
of here and there a thom or mountain ash, but whose sides, especially to the north 
of the glen, are covered with beautiful green pasturage for sheep, instead of the 
brown heather of the olden times. The spot on which the bloody conflict took 
place is still pointed out by tradition, which preserves fresh the memory of what 

has rendered it so memorable, What the numbers were on each side has 

not been exactly ascertained. The Macgr^ors have been estimated by some at 



288 History of the Clan Gregor [1603 

300 foot ; by others at 400, and there can be no doubt that this clan could without 
difficulty, muster at least that number, when they had some great purpose to accom- 
plish such as their taking vengeance on their enemy the Laird of Luss would 
doubtless be accounted. The forces of Colquhoun of Luss have been also 
variously estimated, some probably by exaggeration making them 300 horse and 
500 foot. That he would succeed in raising in his own district including the town 
of Dumbarton, so large an army is extremely doubtful. The ground on which the 
conflict took place was very unfavourable, both for the horse and foot of the 
Colquhouns, especially the former. Surprise has been expressed that the Laird of 
Luss should have risked a conflict with the enemy in such a position, but having 
been entrapped ^ he was placed in circumstances which gave him no choice. The 
Macgregors assembled in Glenfruin in two divisions, one of them at the head of 
the glen, and the other in ambuscade near the farm of Strone, at a hollow or ravine 
called the Crate. The Colquhouns came into Glenfruin from the Luss side, 
through the Glen of Auchengaich, which is opposite Strone, probably by Glen Luss 
and Glen Mackurin. Alexander Colquhoun pushed on his forces, in order to get 
through the Glen before encountering the Macgregors ; but aware of his approach, 
Allaster Macgregor, the Captain of the Clan, also pushed forward one division of 
his forces, and entered at the head of the glen, in time to prevent his enemy from 
emerging from the upper end of the glen, whilst his brother, John Macgregor, with 
the division of his clan which lay in ambuscade by a detour, took the rear of the 
Colquhouns, which prevented their retreat down the glen without fightmg their way 
through that section of the Macgregors who had got in their rear. The success of 
the stratagem by which the Colquhouns were thus placed between two fires seems 
to be the only way of accounting for the terrible slaughter of the Colquhouns and 
the much less loss of the Macgregors. 

" Allaster Macgregor, at the head of his division furiously charged the Laird of 
Luss and his men. For a time the Colquhouns bravely maintained the contest. 
An old weaver, resident in Strome, who took part with the Colquhouns is said to 
have been one of the best fighters on that day. He is said to have killed with his 
own hand a good many of the Macgregors which confutes the story that they 
suffered so little at Glenfruin that though many of them were wounded, not more 
than two of them, during the whole battle were killed, which of course was im- 
possible in such a conflict. But in the unfavourable circumstances in which they 
had to fight, the Colquhouns soon became unable to maintain their ground, and 

^ This word does not seem applicable to the conflict Luss was in his own territory and, we 
are told, seeking the MacGregors to seize or otherwise pnnish them. Luss must have known every 
inch of the ground, and the whole of the country people must have been on his side and could act 
scouts for him. By a " Ruse de Guerre ** and superior tactics, Glenstray's force was divided into 
two divisions, and succeeded in hemming in the G}Iquhouas between them, but Luss can hardly 
have been taken altogether unawares. — Ed. 



\ 

\ 



i6o3] Conflict of Glenfruin 289 

falling into a moss at the farm of Auchengaich, they were thrown into disorder, and 
being now at the mercy of the Macgregors, who taking advantage of the confusion 
killed many of them, they made a hasty and disorderly retreat, which proved even 
more disastrous than the conflict ; for they had to force their way through the men 
led by John Mapgregor, whilst they were pursued behind by Allaster, who, reuniting 
the two divisions of his army continued the pursuit. But even in the flight there 
were instances of intrepidity on the part of the Colquhouns. One of them when 
pressed hard by some of the Macgregors as he fled from the scene of battle, on 
reaching the Coinach, a black, deep whirling pool or linn of the water of Finlas in 
Shantron Glen, with steep, almost perpendicular banks, on both sides, rising to a 
height of at least 120 feet above the pool at the bottom, where the rays of the sun 
never penetrate, and where the sky is scarcely ever visible overhead, by a desperate 
effort at once jumped the frightful chasm. None of the Macgregors ventured to 
follow him by making the perilous leap. The Colquhoun immediatel}^ turned 
round, drew an arrow from his quiver, and shot the nearest of his pursuers as he 
stood perplexed and baffled on the opposite brink, and then made his escape 
without further molestation. Whoever fell into the hands of the victors even de- 
fenceless women and children, were remorselessly put to death. The Chief of the 
Colquhouns was chased to the very door of the Castle of Rossdhu, whose loop- 
holed walls, six feet in thickness, afforded a secure refuge ; and his horse, while 
leaping over a fall or gully not far from Rossdhu, was killed under him by a 
Macgregor. The ruins of the castle are still to be seen near the present more 
modem mansion. In the flight the Laird of Bucklyvie was killed by the Macgregors 
at the farm of Ballemenoch or Middle Kilbride, at the eastern entrance of Glen- 
fruin ; and the small rivulet, which is a tributary to the Fruin, is called Buchlyvie's 
Bum to this day. from the Laird's having been killed there." 

We deem it unnecessary to quote any passages from Chalmers '* Cale- 
donia," because the same information is to be found elsewhere, and that 
author evinces throughout, what appears to be a personal spite against the 
Clan. 

" From the Chartulary " :— 

** Conflict of Glenfiruin. 

" 1603. Feb. 18. In a summons by Alexander Colquhoun of Luss against Sir 
Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy as cautioner for certain of the aggressors of 
Glenfruin, the following narrative of the battle occurs. 

" Vpoun the aucht day of Feb. instant (the Clangregor) with thair dis- 
orderit complices thevis somaris and lymnaries of thair clan, friendship and 
assistance, all bodin in feir of weir with halberchois, powaixis, twa handit 

20 



290 History of the Clan Gregor 

suordis bowis and arrowis and vtharis waponis invasivei and with hagbuttis 
and pistoletis prohibite to be worn be the lawis of our realme and actis of 
parliament come upon £air daylicht within the landis of the barony of Luss 
Kilbryde and Finnart pertening to the said complenaris freindis and tenantis 
thair wyfis and baimis duelland vpon the saidis landis to the nowmer of 
sevinscoir personis or therby, and brunt and distroyit the said complenaris 
haill comts wictuellis bamis and gimellis cattell and guidis being within the 
saidis houssis and herreit the saidis haill landis and reft and away tuke furth 
thirof sax hundreth heid of ky pryce of the pice overhead xx merkis ane 
thousand scheip price of the pice overheid i shillings ane thousand gait price 
of the pice xl shillings and hundred hors and meiris pryce of the pice our 
heid xxxlib* — Luss Col" 



Chapter XXIV 
Conflict of Glenfruin 

THE world-wide celebrity of the writings of Sir Walter Scott, whose 
sympathetic mind caught the fire of Highland adventure and was 
able to reflect it back into the hearts of thousands who never saw the 
scenes, or knew the Highland people, has led to implicit belief in all that 
he has narrated, although it was his avowed purpose to mix romance with 
history, and the congenial materials which he wove into his brilliant pages 
were derived from various informants and mingled sources. Sir Walter's 
account of the Battle of Glenfruin as given in the introduction to ^ Rob 
Roy" must ever be interesting, and therefore it is here copied verbatim. 

'' Other occasions frequently occurred, in which the MacGregors testified con- 
tempt for the laws, from which they had often experienced severity, but never pro- 
tection. Though they were gradually deprived of their possessions, and of all 
ordinary means of procuring subsistence, they could not nevertheless, be supposed 
likely to starve of famine while they had the means of taking from strangers what 
they considered as rightfully their own. Hence they became versed in predatory 
forays, and accustomed to bloodshed. Their passions were eager, and with a little 
management on the part of some of their most powerful neighbours, they could 
easily be hounded out, to use an expressive Scotch phrase, to commit violence, of 
which the wily instigators took the advantage, and left the ignorant MacGregors an 
undivided portion of blame and punishment This policy of pushing on the fierce 
Clans of the Highlands and Borders to break the peace of the country, is accounted 
by the historian one of the most dangerous practices of his own period, in which the 
MacGregors were considered as ready agents. 

"Notwithstanding these severe denunciations, which were acted upon in the 
same spirit in which they were conceived, some of the Clan still possessed property, 
and the Chief of the name in 1592, is designed Allaster MacGregor of Glenstrae. 
He is said to have been a brave and active man ; but from the tenor of his con- 
fession at his death, appears to have been engaged in many and desperate feuds, 



292 History of the Clan Gregor 

one of which finally proved iktal to himself and many of his foUowers. This was 
the celebrated conflict at Glenfinin, near the south-western extremity of Loch 
Lomond, in the vicinity of which the MacGr^ors continued to exercise much 
authority by the * coir a glaive,' ^ or right of the strongest, which we have already 
mentioned. 

*^ There had been a long and bloody feud betwixt the MacGregors and the 
Laird of Luss, head of the famUy of Colquhoun, a powerful race on the lower part 
of Loch Lomond. The MacGregors' tradition affirms that the quarrel began on a 
very trifling subject Two of the MacGregors being benighted, asked shelter in a 
house belonging to a dependent of the Colquhouns, and were refused. They then 
retreated to an outhouse, took a wedder from the fold, killed it and supped ofi" the 
carcase, for which it is said they offered payment to the proprietor. The Laird of 
Luss seized on the offenders, and, by the summary process which feudal barons 
had then at their command, had them both condemned and executed.' The 
MacGr^ors verify this account of the feud by appealing to a proverb current 
amongst them, execrating the hour (Mult dhu an Carbail * ghil) that ' the black 
wedder with the white tail ' was ever lambed To avenge this quarrel the Laird of 
MacGregor assembled his clan, to the number of three or four hundred men, and 
marched towards Luss from the banks of Loch Long, by a pass called Raid 
(Ruidh) na Gael or the Highlandman's pass. 

*' Sir Humphrey Colquhoun received early notice of this incursion, and collected 
a strong force, more than twice the number of that of the invaders. He had with 
him the gentlemen of the name of Buchanan, with the Grahams, and other gentry 
of the Lennox, and a party of the citizens of Dumbarton, under command of 
Tobias Smollett, a magistrate or bailie of that town and ancestor of the celebrated 
author. 

"The parties met in the valley of Glenfruin, which signifies Glen of sorrow — a 
name that seemed to anticipate the event of the day, which, fatal to the conquered 
party, was at least equally so to the victors, the ' babe unborn ' of the Clan Alpine 
having reason to repent it. The MacGregors somewhat discouraged by the sight 
of a force much superior to their own, were cheered on to the attack by a seer, or 
second-sighted person, who professed that he saw the shrouds of the dead wrapt 
around their principal opponents. The clan charged with great fury on the front 
of the enemy, while John MacGregor, with a strong party, made an unexpected 

^ Right of the Sword. 

* This tradition, given more fully in the previous chapter, page 281, appears extremely 
probable, in addition to the other circumstances as to Argyle (see page 321). There was no ancient 
feud with the Colquhouns, and even after the conflict, on the MacGregor side, there was no feeling 
of old grudge. 

* This word, meaning tail in Gaelic, should be "earball," the first letter has evidently slipped 
into ^'c" through reprints. 



Sir Walter Scott^s Account of the Conflict 293 

attack on the flank. A great part of the Colquhoun's force consisted in cavahy, 
which could not act in the boggy ground. They were said to have disputed the 
field manfully, but were at length completely routed, and a merciless slaughter was 
exercised on the fugitives, of whom betwixt two and three hundred fell on the field 
and in the pursuit. If the MacGregors lost, as is averred, only two men slain in 
action, they had slight provocation for an indiscriminate massacre. It is said that 
their fury extended itself to a party of students for clerical orders, who had 
imprudently come to see the battle. Some doubt is thrown on this fact from the 
indictment against the chief of the ClanGregor being silent on the subject, as is the 
historian Johnston, and a Professor Ross, who wrote an account of the battle 
twenty-nine years after it was fought. It is however constantly averred by the 
tradition of the country, and a stone where the deed was done is called ^ Leek a 
Mhinisteir,' the Minister or clerk's flag stone. The MacGregors impute this cruel 
action to the ferocity of a single man of their tribe, renowned for size and 
strength, called Dugald, Ciar Mhor,^ or the great mouse-coloured Man. He was 
MacGregor's foster brother, and the Chief committed the youths to his charge, 
with directions to keep them safely till the affray was over. Whether fearful of 
their escape or incensed by some sarcasms which they threw at his tribe, or 
whether out of mere thirst of blood, this savage, while the other MacGregors were 
engaged in pursuit, poniarded his helpless and defenceless prisoners. When the 
Chieftain, on his return demanded where the youths were, the Ciar Mhor drew out 
his bloody dirk, saying in Gaelic, * Ask that, and God save me.' The latter words 
allude to the exclamation which his victims used when he was murdering them. 
It would seem therefore that this horrible part of the story is founded on fact, 
though the number of the youths so slain is probably exaggerated in Lowland 
accounts. The common people say that the blood of the Ciar Mhor's victims can 
never be washed ofi" the stone. When MacGregor learnt their fate, he expressed 
the utmost horror at the deed, and upbraided his foster-brother with having done 
that which would occasion the destruction of him and his Clan. The homicide 
was the ancestor of Rob Roy,^ and the tribe from which he was descended. He 
lies buried at the church of Fortingal, where his sepulchre, covered with a large 
stone, is still shown, and where his great strength and courage are the theme of 
many traditions. 

"MacGregor's brother was one of the very few of the tribe who were slain. 
He was buried near the field of battle, and the place is marked by a rude stone 
called the Grey Stone of MacGregor. 

"Sir Humphrey^ Colquhoun, well mounted, escaped for the time to the castle 

^ The name is confused with that of a distant ancestor ; the MacGregors do not acknowledge 
that such a deed was done, and do not impute it to anyone of the Clan. 
' This statement is also erroneous. 
* See next page for correction of thb name and statement. 



294 History of the Clan Gregor 

of Banochar, or Benechra. It proved no sare defence however, for he was shortly 
after murdered in a vault of the castle, — ^the family annals say by the MacGregors, 
though other accounts charge the deed upon the MacFarlanes." 

"Note by Sir Walter Scott. — ^The above is the account which I find in a 
manuscript history of the clan MacGregor, of which I was indulged with a perusal by 
Donald MacGregor, Esq.^ late Major of the 33rd Regiment, where great pains have 
been taken to collect traditions and written documents concerning the family. 
But an ancient and constant tradition, preserved among the inhabitants of the 
country, and particularly those of the clan MacFarlane, relieves Dugald Ciar Mhor 
of the guilt of murdering the youths, and lays the blame on a certain Donald or 
Duncan Lean, who performed the act of 6ruelty, with the assistance of a gillie who 
attended him, named Charlioch or Charlie. They say that the homicides dared 
not again join their clan, but that they resided in a wUd and solitary state as 
outlaws, in an unfrequented part of the MacFarlane's territory. Here they lived 
for some time undisturbed, till they committed an act of brutal violence on two 
defenceless women, a mother and daughter of the MacFarlane clan. In revenge 
for this atrocity, the MacFarlanes hunted them down, and shot them. It is said 
that the younger ruffian, Charlioch^ might have escaped, being remarkably swift of 
foot But his crime became his punishment, for the female whom he had outraged 
had defended herself desperately, and had stabbed him with his own dirk on the 
thigh. He was lame from the wound, and the more easily overtaken and killed. 
I incline to think that this last is the true edition of the story, and that the guilt 
was transferred to Dougal Ciar Mhor as a man of higher name, or it is possible 
these subordinate persons had only executed his orders." — Introduction to " Rob 
Roy," 1829. 

The preceding account of the Battle of Glenfruin by Sir Walter Scott 
falls into the error of dates to be found in the article on Colquhoun in 
Douglas's "Baronage,"* which is understood to have been written by 
Crawford, the Peerage writer, and was apparently taken from a MS. 
History in the Colquhoun family. It has been shown from the " Chiefs 
of Colquhoun," that while Sir Humphrey met his death in the Castle of 
Bannachra, by a raid of Macfarlanes only, so far as can be proved, in 

^ Who afterwards purchased Balnald in Strathardle ; the MS. History perused by Sir Walter 
Scott, we are informed by Alex. MacGr^or, Esq., Crossbill, Glasgow (grand-nephew of Major 
Donald), has been lost. It is supposed that the tradition as to the students may have been collected 
whilst Major Donald was quartered at Roseneath in 1824. 

* In the article on MacGregor in Douglas's " Baronage," explanation is made that Humphrey, 
Laird ^of Luss, was not murdered after Glenfruin — Buchannan stating that (he was "killed in 
Benechra Castle by the Mac&rlanes, through influence of a certain nobleman whom Luss had 
disobliged." See also chapter xx., pages 233-4. 



Alleged Slaughter of Students 295 

1592, it was in the time of his brother and successor, Alexander, that (he 
conflict of Glenfruin took place on the 7th Feb. 1603, and it also appears 
that the display of shirts to excite the King's indignation followed the 
smaller raid of Glenfinlas of the 7th Dec. 1603. The picturesque account 
of the procession of the widows, mention is only made of two men slain, 
is given by Sir Walter after the recital of the alleged affair of the murder 
of the students, with these few words preceding it : — 

"This battle of Glenfruin, and the severity which the victors exercised in the 
pursuit, was reported to King James VI. in a manner most unfavourable to the 
ClanGregor, whose general character being that of lawless though brave men, could 
not much avail them in such a case. That James might fully understand the 
extent of the slaughter, the widows of the slain, &a." ^ 

We have now to consider more particularly the accusation of the 
murder of the defenceless students. Sir Walter quotes an account from 
traditional sources, collected by the late Major Donald MacGregor of 
Balnald. Sir William Fraser repeats this, and adds a few particulars : — 

*< On the memorable day of the conflict of Glenfruin, according to the tradition 
of the country, a number of youths who, from mere curiosity had come from the 
Grammar School of Dumbarton to witness the battle that was expected to take 
place, were massacred in cold blood by one of the Clan Macgr^or. The boys 
came along the ridge of the high hills on the south side of the Fmin called the 
Highland road ; and they were shut up for safety in a hut or bam, to the west of 
the battle on Greenfield Moor, under the charge of a Highlander, who, on seeing 
the MacGregors successful, stabbed them with his dirk one by one as they came 
out of this place of shelter. The site of the bam is still pointed out at a spot 

called Lach na faul, or Lagnagaul, 'hollow of the Lowlander.' It is 

worthy of notice that this atrocious massacre forms no part of the charges in the 
indictment of any of the MacGregors who were tried before the High Court of 
Justiciary on account of the raid of Glenfruin, or * The field and murder of Lennox,' 
as that conflict is sometimes called. But some colour of truth seems to be given 
to the tradition by an act of Privy Council 5. Jan. 1609. in which Allan Gig 
M^Intnach,^ in Glencoe, is accused of having, while with the ClanGregor in 
Glenfruin, ^with his awne hand murdered without pity the number of fourtie poor 
persons who were naked and without armour.' 

1 See page 285, where this account is given from the quotation in *' Chie& of Colquhoun.*' 
« A misspelling for " Mac an Tuagh," •* Son of the Axe.** 



296 History of the Clan Gregor 

**Sii William also qaotes in a footnote 'The bam of Blairvadden in the 
dukedom of Lennox was burnt by the Macgr^ors in Feb. 1603 as appears from 
the records of the Privy Seal 28 July 1612. and ai Dec 1613.' In the Records 
there is no allusion to any persons having been killed or even injured on that 
occasion. Sir William adds the following remark ' Nor do the MacGr^ors deny 
that the story is founded on fact ; but they affirm that the Clan as a body execrated 
the crime, and they impute it to the ferocity of one of their tribe, Dugald Ciar mhor, 
&a&a.'" 

The original Dougal Ciar died many years before the date of Glenfruin, 
though one of his descendants at that time bore the name of Dougal, with 
the patronymic belonging to his house, Dougal M^Coulcheir, but there is 
no evidence against him. We cannot assent to the statement that Mac- 
Gregors do not deny the story. On the contrary, it may be confidently 
asserted that there is no proof, or even probability, that any MacGregor 
was concerned in the deed. Turning to the •* Baronage " under the article 
of MacGregor we may see what Sir John MacGr^or Murray's views were 
on the subject : — 

"It has been industriously reported, that one Cameron, a servant of Mac- 
Gregor*s had murdered a number of boys the sons of gentlemen of distinction, who 
were on their way to the school of Dumbarton, or had come to see the fight ; the 
following reasons may be sufficient to discredit these reports : — 

" I. That we had few or no very young scholars in these days, they were 
generally yotmg men from 15 to 25. and of course capable of bearing arms. 

**2. Glenfruin, about six miles in length lies beyond large mountains, at a 
distance of several miles from, and far off any road leading to Dumbarton; 
and as the fight was at the farthest end of the Glen, which was then entirely wild and 
uninhabited so it is totally incredible that the scholars should have been there 
accidentally or that any boys, much less the sons of gentlemen of distinction, 
should walk so many miles to school, across such hills. 

"3. Professor Ross, who wrote an accurate account of the batde in the 
course of the history of another fisunily, about 39 years after it was fought, 
when the truth or falsity of the report must have been well known, does not 
mention such; nor does Mr Johnston, who about 20 years after Mr Ross, 
wrote a detail of the battle, and who as he was employed to traduce the Mac- 
Gregors, Macdonalds, and Macleans, and write the eulogiums of their enemies, 
would not have omitted a circumstance which if true would have afforded 
him such a field of declamation against this Clan; nor is there any such cruelty 



Glenstray s March to Glenfruin 297 

even hinted at in the preamble or any other part of the Act of Parliament 
afterwards made against them. 

''4. Since neither Mr Ross nor Mr Johnstone mention it, it is clear no such 
report prevailed in those days and therefore it was trumped up of a later date 
to serve certain purposes of the enemies of the MacGregors, or if there were 
any scholars they must have been such as had followed their friends as volunteers 
to the battle and shared the fate of the day." 

It may be readily granted that local traditions have usually some 
grains of truth, although names of personages are apt to get mixed up 
with personal prejudices in their transmission from past generations. It 
seems probable that a calamity happened to some unarmed persons after 
the fight, whether by the hand of a M^^Lean, a Cameron, a M^Intuagh, or 
a MacGregor remains undecided, but the latter, for reasons already stated 
as to the readiness with which guilt would have been attached to one of 
the Clan on their trial, is most improbable. Whoever may have been the 
criminal (if such there were) the act was that of a single individual apart 
from any clan.^ 

Whilst r^pretting such carnj^e, as there may have been in the eager- 
ness of pursuit, in days when quarter was seldom asked or given and the 
victors were of an excitable race, peculiarly liable to the ''madness of 
battle" (as it was called), yet MacGregors cannot read of the conflict 
without just pride in the admirable generalship of the two Glenstray 
brothers, and in the valour of the Clan which carried the day against 
such great odds. 

AUaster MacGregor of Glenstray had a holding in Rannoch, and it 
was from thence that he started for the Colquhoun country. Dwelling on 
the Sliosmin side of Loch Rannoch {{.e.^ the north side under Menzies 
of Menzies, the Laird of Weem), he probably first crossed the Gaur 
Water by the Ferry called Tighnalinne, a little above the head of the 
Loch, thence across the hill by Lairig Mheachdainn (an old Gaelic word 
for twigs or branches) to near Pubil, towards the head of Glenlyon, thence 
by a pass called Lairig nan Lunn^ to Glenlochay, striking that glen about 

^ See chapter XXVIII., where the apprehension of Alan Mac an Tuagh on the 3rd January 1609 
is recorded. 

* " Lunn " means the poles or staves on which a coffin is borne. 

2 P 



298 History of the Clan Gregor 

eight miles above Killin, thence up that glen to near its head and 
across the ridge to Strathfillan at Crianlarich, down Glenfalloch to the 
head of Loch Lomond, and from Tarbet on Loch Lomond through 
the Pass of Arrochar to Loch Long.^ Glenstray had allies in the 
M^^Farlanes of Arroquhar, and we know from the indictment against his 
own clansmen, the tribe of Dougal Ciar, that they (whose dwelling was in 
Balquhidder) convoyed him to " the syd of Lochloun," from whence by 
Gairlochhead he would strike off Strone in Glenfruin. The march must have 
occupied several of the cold, misty days of February. The wives and bairns 
doubtless watched these " pretty men " all starting in their warlike array, 
and many an anxious heart must have been left amongst their womenkind, 
although trained to courage and endurance. Happily, however, they could 
not foresee the calamities which victory was to bring upon them. In what- 
ever light the case may appear in these days when the power and justice 
of law are established, and when all things work comfortably for the 
nation at large, yet when the ClanGregor sallied forth in strength that 
wintry morning, whether for an intended conference or for mortal combat, 
it was under a deep sense of wrong done to them and of bitter persecution. 
Few, if any, of these warriors returned, and worse times than any yet 
experienced in their struggling existence, were to follow the ill-starred 
success of their arms. 

^ Assistance in tracing the probable route has been kindly given by Mr John Robertson, Old 
Blair, Blair AthoU, himself a Rannoch man. 



Chapter XXV 

Letters and Charges following Glenfruin 

T^ROM the « Chartulary " :— 

" 1603. Feb. Messengers sent with letters charging the Sheriffs of Perth and 
Stirling and their deputes, the Steward of Monteith, and the Laird of Glenurquhay 
to convocate, and assemble the haill inhabitants within their bounds and com- 
mandment, in arms, and to keep thair saidis bounds from the invasion of the 
ClanGregor under the pain to be repute as airt and pairt takers with them in all 
thair wicked deeds. 

"Letters also to charge Mr George Lindsay minister at Kilmahew, James 
(Dennistoun) of Cowgrane^ William Nobill of Ardardane^ &a and Johne Bunteine 
appeirand of Ardoch to compeir before the Coundl the 8. day of March next to 
testify what they knew anent the slaying of such as were commanded to resist the 
MacGr^ors. 

"Letters also to charge the Lairds of Glenurquhy, TuUibardin, Lords 
Drummond, Incheafray, Lawers, Strowane, Wemye, Glenlyoun, Glennageis, Game- 
tuUie, Abercainy, baroun of Bordland, barroun of Combrie, John Stewart of Fossa, 
and Munay of Auchtertyre, to compeir personally before the Council the 19, day 
of March next, And to bring, present and enter certain particular persons of the 
MacGregors, their men, and tenants, to answer for the late barbarous and horrible 
murder committed by them, in the Lennox, And with letters to be published at 
the market crosses of Perth charging the Laird of MacGregor, and the remanent 
of his race, to compeir personally before the Council the 29. day of March next to 
come; To answer for the late horrible and monstrous barbarity used by them in 
the Lennox And with Lettres to be published at the said market cross, inhibiting 
all our sovereign lord's lieges, that none of them resett, supply, nor show comfort to 
any of the MacGregors, or resett their goods, and to inhibit the transporting of any 
of them to the Isles. 

" Letters also to charge the Duke of Lennox, the Earls of Argyle, Mar, Glen- 
came, Linlithgow, the Lairds of Buchannane, Luss, Ardkinglas, Glenageis, Keir, 
Merchinstoun, Kirkhill, Cambusmoir, Sir James Chisholme, and David Grahame, 



300 History of the Clan Gregor [1603 

as masters and landlords to certain particular persons of the MacGregors, to enter 
and present them before the Council the 29. day of Marche next to answer for 
their barbarity under the pain of rebellion. And with letters to be published at the 
market crosses of Dumbarton, Stirling, and Inverara, charging the Laird of 
MacGregorand the Remanent of his clan to compeir the said day to answer for their 
said barbarity under the pain of rebellion And with Letters to be published 
at the said market crosses inhibiting the resett of the said persons of their goods. 

" 1603. Feb 10. Protection in favour of Robert Campbell ' son of Sir Duncan 
Campbell of Glenurquhy Knicht ' prosecuted by Donald Menteith of Carquhine as 
having charge in his father's absence of his men tenants &a to produce Gregour 
Ammonach in Glenlednoch to answer for stealing 3 cows and 2 oxen, aucht zeir 
syne ; Pursuer not appearing Campbell protests that he is not answerable and 
Protest admitted. 

" March. Letters to charge John Earll of Atholl to enter his person in ward 
within the castle of Blackness within four days after the charge, under the pain of 
rebellion, And with letters to charge all and sundry our sovereign Lords lieges 
dwelling in the bounds of the Earldom of Atholl and Braes of Angus That they 
address themselves with one months provision to convene and meet at the head of 
Loch Rannoch upon the 6. of April next And there concur with the remanent 
forces appointed for pursuit of the barbarous ClanGregor or else that they send out 
three score men well provided with a Captain and commander over them ; under 
pain of tinsall of life, lands, &a Also Letters to the Duke of Lennox the Eari 
of Argyll and Laird of Glenurchy. 

'^1603. March 17. At Edinburgh. Aulay M^ulay of Ardincaple and his 

sureties were ordered to compear to answer for * ressett, supplie, and inter- 

cowmoning,' with Glenstray and his brother and for not 'rising ye fray ' and 

following the MacGregors * in yair incoming in ye cuntrey of ye Lennox.' 

The same day the said Aulay M^uallay caution for relief of Ailaster M^regor 

of Lagarie." 

The volumes of the Register of the Privy Council belonging to this 

period have unfortunately been lost for many years, but the following entry 

from the published edition of the Roister explains best all that is known 

about an Act against the ClanGregor which was now formulated. 

^* 1603. April 3. To ... . Sunday has been ascribed, the £eunous 

Act of Council proscribing the Clan Macgregor and abolishing their very 
name, Though from the loss of the volumes of the Register of Council 
carrying aflSiirs from Feb. 1603 to August 1606, the official copy of 
this famous Act has not been preserved, there can be no doubt as to 
its date, inasmuch as it is cited thus in the preamble to a subsequent 
Act of Parliament relating to the MacGregors in 161 7 : — * Cure Soverane 



^6o3] Letters and Charges following Glenfruin 301 

Lord and Esttaittis of this present parliament remembering how that 
his sacred Majestye being verie justlie moved with a haterent and de- 
testatioun of the barbarous murtheris and insolencies committit be ther 
Clangregoure upoun his Majestiyes peciable and goode subjectis of the 
Lennox at Glenfrone in the moneth of Feb. 1603. ^^ ^ow that the 
bair and simple name of MacGregour maid that haill Clane to presume 
of their power, force, and strengthe, and did encourage thame, without 
reverence of the law or fear of punischement, to go fordward in thair 
iniquities : Upoune the consideratioun quhairof his Majestie with advyse 
of the Lordis of his Secreit Counsall, maid dyvers actis and ordinances 
aganis thame speciallie one Act upoun the 3. day of Aprill 1603, whereby it 
wes ordainit that the name of M^Gregoure sulde be altogidder abolisched, 
and that the haill persounes of that Clan suld renunce thair name and tak 
thame sum uther name, and that they nor nane of thair posteritie suld call 
thame selffis Gregour or M^regoure thair efter, under the payne of deade ' 
&a. — ^Acts of Pari, of Scot. iv. 550.) It is clear, therefore, that on that same 
Sunday on which King James took his farewell, of the Edinburgh 
people, in the Church of St. Giles, there must have been a Council meeting 
at which he left this parting thunderbolt, against the unfortunate MacGregors." 

" 1603. April. Item paid by command of his Highness to Robert Lyle servitor to 
the Earl of Argyle for inbringing of three notorious thieves of the name of 
the barbarous ClanGregor ;^333 . 6 . 8. — ^Treasurer's books. 

" Item to Geoige Mathow messenger passing from Edinburgh to the market 
cross of Perth charging Allaster MacGregor of Glenstra and the remanent of 
that unhappy Clan to compeir personally before the Council the 19. day of 
April instant to be answerable to the laws and to renounce their names 
under the pain of rebellioa— i?/Vf. 

*' The Chronicle of Perth 9, April 1603, states that the proclamation was 
read there and then. — MS., Advocates' Lib. Edin. 

" Letters to be proclaimed at the market crosses of Stirling and Dumbarton. 

" Item to the officer of Justiciary for summoning an assize to four Mac- 
Gregors who were justified to the deid. 

** April 29. Extract from a letter from the Lord Fjrvie to the King (shewing 
the feelings in regard to all Highlanders) Zour Majestie will onderstand be 
zour Counsalls letter the estait and proceedings with Macgregors Gif all the 
greate hieland Clannes war at the like point, I wald (think?) it ane great 
ease and weill to this common weill and to zour Majesties guid subjects heir. 
— Balfour's Collections, Advocates' Lib. Edin. 

" April 13. Sasine John M*<Jregor of Innerzaldie son of Gregor M^r^or of 
Innerzaldie, 4 merkland of Innerzaldie on precept from chancery. Sasine 



302 History of the Clan Gregor [1603 

Barbara Drummond spouse to the said John in the said lands. — Register of 
Sasines Particular, Perth. 

"April 28. In the Court of the Justiciary of our supreme Lord the King held 
in the Pretorium of Edinburgh by Mr William Hairt entered 'AHaster 
M^Kie Gilchrist Kittoch alias Makilmoylie, M*inroyer, Fynlawdow M^^olean, 
delaitit of certane po3mtis of thift, and for coming to ye Lairdis of Lussis 
boundis in companie with the Laird of M^regour and airt and pairt of the 
murthour and reif committit thairon in Feb. last ' Master M^Kie for stealing 
sheep &a the others for being art and part 'with the Laird of M^regour and 
his complices in the crewal murthour and slauchter of diverss of the Laird 
of Lusses freindis in the monethe of Feb. last to the number of seven 
scoir persones/ are all convicted and sentenced to be hanged on the 
Burrow muire. — Record of Justiciary. 

"May. Item paid by command and direction of the Lords of Council to 
Robert and Colene Campbells for inbringing and presenting of three 
MacGregors who were thereafter executed to the deid for their demerits. 

:^200. 

"Item to the officers of Justiciary for summoning of an assize to 
Three MacGregors that were execute to the deid. 

" Also close Letters to the Lairds of Bachananne, Luss, Glenurchy, and 
Tullibardin. — Treasurer's Books. 

" May 20. Court of Justiciary &a Enter Gillespie Mcdonald M^Innes Dow, 
Donald M^Clerich alias Stewart, Johnne M^onneil MTondochie servants 
to the said Gillespie. Dilaitit of certain pojmtis of thift and soiming and of 
airt and pairt of the slauchter of the Laird of Lusses friendis and assisters to 
ye number of 140 persones. Sentenced to be hanged on the Castle HilL 

" 1603. May 18. Letter, Secret Council to the King in England. 

"According to that commissioun quhilk was direct anent the taking 
ordour with the ClanGregour We haif ressavit alreddie aucht pledges And 
the uther four ar expectit for within thrie or four dayis, To remane heir in 
waird, upone the perell of thair awin lyfis, To ansuer for the dew perform- 
ance of all offeris ; zour hienes salbe assuirit that the qualitie of the pledgeis 
thameselffis will procure ane necessitie of the forderance of that wark, the 
prosequuting quhairof is nocht to ressave ony Lang Delay seing be theise 
gentlemene quha ar commowneris, thair is allenarlie aucht owlkis crawit 
(weeks craved) betuix and the Ischew quhairof it is undertakin that all that 
is promessit salbe performit We mentionat of befoir to zour Maiestie 
Anent the transporting of sa mony of that Clan that ar appointit for 
banischment, that ane schip micht be sent hither, We mon maist humblie 
renew our swite seing all theise quha ar to depart In quhilk numer the 
Laird hinself is ane, Ar to be in redines heir, reddy to embark agane 



i6o3] Charges against sundry MacGregors 303 

witsoQtide, Being onable of thameselffis to defray thair chargis, furaess 
thameselffis of victualler or pay thair fraucht. Siclyke it will pleis zour 
Majestie to knaw &a &a (about others) zour Majesties humble and obedient 
subjectis and servitouris 

Jn Prestoun Rokbume (?) 

montrois 

Elphingstoun 

Fyvie 

— Original in General Register House, Edinburgh." 
The above shows that the King was not so incensed against the Clan 
and the Chief as to be unwilling to consent to their banishment from the 
realm instead of their death, and to this alternative Glenstray alludes in 
his last declaration. Those whose signatures appear were apparently not 
enemical to the Clan, but other counsels must have prevailed later with 
the King. 

''June. Letters to charge Johnne M^Nauchtane of Dundarrow, Colene 
Campbell of Straquhir, Neill Campbell of Drumyn, Johnne Campbell of 
Ardkinlas, Duncane Campbell Capitane of Carrick, John Robert and 
Dougal Campbells, sons to the Baillie of Rossneth, Campbell Auchin- 
willing, Arthour, and Dowgall Campbells, brothers to Straquhir, Evin Dow 
Campbell of Corry, Johnne M^Edward, Donald oig, and Duncane M^eill 
in Blythegolsyde, To compeu: personally before the Council the 5. day of 
July next to answer upon the 'aird'^ and the assistance given by them to 
the Laird of MacGregor and his villanous race, under the pain of rebellion 
and to charge certain witnesses to verify this their bet and deid. — ^Trea- 
surer's Books. 

" Item to the officers of Justiciary for summoning of an assize to one 
MacGregor who slew the constabill of Dundees man. 

'*July 5. Court of Justiciary &a enter 'GiUemichel M^ischok.' servant to 
umquhile John dow M^regor, NicoU M^Pharie Roy M^regour Dilaitit of 
being at the Field of Lennox. &a. To be hanged on the Castle hilL 

"July 7. The Secret Council offered besides pardon of offences, 500 merks to 
any of the ClanGregor who should kill a denounced rebell. 

'' Benefits of the proclamation granted to ane Mackgr^or for slaughter 
of ane rebell. 

" 1605. July 7. John dow M*^Ewin M*^Gregor for the slaughter of David Ross 
M^illiam and William Ross M^illiam his brother, sought the benefit of 
the proclamation made against the said David and William, to wit remissioun 

^ Oath. 



304 History of the Clan Gregor [1603 

of all his bypast crimes and 500 merks which was granted to him by act of 
Council." 
It is difficult to decide which act was the most criminal — the purchase 

of life and liberty at the cost of blood or the offer dangled out as a bait 

by the Government. 

** July. Item paid by special command and ordinance of the Secret Council to 
Archibald Cunninghame, Mr Porter of the Castle of Edinbuigh for the 
entertainment of certain pledges of the Clangregor. As the warrant of the 
Lords of Council with the particular compt bears j£gg . 13 . 4. — Lord High 
Treasurer's books. 
"July 12. At Edinburgh. The quhilk day Johnne Boyll of Kelbume 
and Normand Innes of Knockdarrie Became plegeis and souerties con- 
junctlie and severallie for Duncane Campbell capitane of Carrick, and 
Ewin Campbell of Dargache That they sail compeir &a the 3 day of 
the next Justice air of the sheriffdom of Ergyle or soner upoun xv 
dayis warning To underly the law for the wilfuU and contemptuous 
resetting, suppleing, and fumeissing with meit, drink, and herbrie of 
Allaster McGregor of Glenstra or ony utheris of his unhappie raise and 
associattis quha wer Laitlie within the Lennox committit upoun the aucht 
day of Feb. last and fostering of the said Alexander and ye persones foirsaid, 
diverss and sindrie tymes, within thair houses efter ye said barbarous 
murther; And namely in the monethis of Feb, Marche, Apryll, May, and 
Junij respective or sum dayis yrof. and fumeissing of ye said persounis in yr 
necessetees and keiping with thame frequent trysting and meitingis Alswell 
be nicht as day and ressauving of ye guidis and gear within thair landis that 
war reft, and away tane be ye saidis thevis, furth of the Lennox, the tyme 
foirsaid, under the paines following, That is to say For the said Duncane 
Campbell capitane of Carrick under the pane of thre thousand merkis. And 
for the said Ewin Campbell twa thousand merkis. 

" And siclyke That yai nor nane of thame sail ressett, supplie, fumeiss, 
or keip trysting wilfiillie or contemptuouslie (with the saide persones nor 
ressett the guidis nor gear quhilkis war reft or away taen &a This caution 
taken out at command of the Lords of Secreit Council. 
" July. Item paid by ordinance of the said Lords to Andro Ross for inbringing 
and presenting to the Council Duncane (name of Johne Dow scored out) 
MacGregor of Angrie ; as the warrant of Council with the said Androis 
acquittance, upon the resset thereof produced upon compt bears. 

"Letters to charge George MacGregor burgess of Perth, George MTatrik, 
Archibald, George and John MacGregors and Dougall MacGregor dwelling 
in Perth to compeir personallie before the Council the 26. of this instant 



i6o3] Capture of sundry MacGregors 305 

resolved to change and alter their surnames of MacGregor and to take them 
to another famous and honest surname. — Treasurer's Books. 

'' Letters to the Market crosses of Stirling and Dumbarton And thereat 
charging all our Sovereign Lord's lieges within the bounds foirsaid to be in 
readiness to resist all invasion that may be expected at the hands of the 
MacGregors and for that cause that good watches be kept at all places 
convenient 
" 1603. July. Same letters to be proclaimed at the market cross of Perth. 

" Letters to charge Sir Johnne Murray of TuUibardin Knight to compeir 

and present with him Neill M^Allaster MacGregor personally before 

the Council the 4, of August next To the effect he may be made answerable 
to justice conform to the Law of this realme. 
" July 14. Court of Justiciary &a ' John M*^Gregor at the kirk of Comrie ' 
Dilaitit for being in company with Allaster M*^Gregour of Glenstra and his 
complices at the Field of Lennox aganis the Laird of Luse and his freindis 
and airt and pairt of the slauchteris, thiftis and robberies committit be 
thame &a Item for the slauchter of John M^Arber committit in Junij last. 
The assyse in ane voce fyles John M^Gregour of the crymes foirsaidis ; 
Called in the Indictment Johnne dow M*^eane valich M^gregour, *Tobe 
tane to the Casdehill, and thair, his heid to be stricken fra his body.' 
^' August 4. Archibald Dalzell son lawful to Robert Dalzell of that Ilk presents 
to the Secret Council a petition stating that owing to some ' misreports maid 
be NicoU Dalzell of Dalzell Milne ' &a for not compeiring before the Coun- 
cil, the petitioner had been put to the Horn, and to obtene the King's 
benevolence had adventured his person and ' apprehendit ane of the speciall 
of the name of McGregor callit Neill Makgregor pudrenois,^ quha wes 
delyuerit in roll, to my Lord Chancellor be his men' and was ready to 
deliver the said Neill McGregor to the Justice to be executed, and to do 
further acts 'aganis the name of McGregor and rest of that Clan &a He 
was disabled by being in the situation of * his Hienes rebell ' and therefore 
praying that he might be allowed to appear before the Council to produce 
the said M*^regor. Petition granted. Original in General Register House." 
Thus, by the base but ingenious device of the Executive, every man 
who was himself a felon, had the strongest inducement to serve the 
Government as executioner of the MacGregors, whose faults, whatever 
they might be, had now incurred the penalty of every man's hand being 
stirred up against them. And yet, seeing the numerous instances of 
ressett and kindness nobly shewn to them in spite of the imminent risk of 
so doing ; it is evident that they must have had qualities which secured 
the strong attachment of their friends. 

^Pudrach. 
2Q 



3o6 History of the Clan Gregor [1603 

"August 12. Court of Justiciary. Dougall M^Gregour, Neill M^Gregour 
pudrach, Dilaitit of airt and pairt of the slauchter of four men that assistit 
the Laird of Luise at the field of ye Lennox committit in the moneth of 
Feb. last. Neill is dilaitit of airt and pairt of the slauchteris of umqle 
Patrik Layng and John Reid wobster (weaver) servants to Luss, and of the 
stealing of ' tuelf scoir of guidis furth of Lussis boundis in Lennox committit 
in Dec last Both are sentenced to be hanged on the Burrow muir.' 

"August 20. Ane (royal) Letter maid to David Grahame servitour to the erle 
of Montrois his aires &a of the gift of the eschete of all guidis geir &a 
quhilkis pertenit of before to Duncane M^Gregour alias M^Invalliche and 
now Drummond and now pertening to our soverane Lord throw being of 
the said Duncane ordourlie denuncit rebell and put to the home at the 
instance of David Grahame, vicar of Comrie for not payment to him of 
;^200. — Reg. of Privy Seal, vol. Ixxiv. fol. 8i. 

" 1603. August 25. Intromissioun with the MacGregors goods that were at 
Glenfrune. 

"Act in favour of the Gentlemen of the Lennox being a supersedere to 
them for all pursuit criminal or civil for any of their intromission with the 
goods and gear of the ClanGregor who are guilty of the murder of 
Glenfrune. (MSS. notes taken by the first Earl of Haddmgton from the 
missing volume of the Record of the Privy Council, in Advocates' Library, 
Edin.) On the application of the 'gentlemen of the Lennox' the secret 
Council 'grantis thame ane supercedere fra all persute criminal or civill 
moved or to be moved aganis thame for thair intromissioune with the 
clangregouris geir, quha ar culpabill, and guiltie of the attempt cometit 
within the Lennox, during the tyme, that the commissioune grantit aganis 
the said Clangregor. And licentiatis the saidis complenaris to adjoyne to 
thame selffis sum brokene men for persyte of that wicked Race for quhome 
the saidis complenaris sal be ansuerable.' — Luss Coll. 

" Sep. 14. Letter from the Presbytery of Stirling addressed To our speciall gude 
Lordis The Lordis of his Majesteis secret Counsell. 

" It may pleis zour Ho. That the miserablle esteat of this pro- 
vince, and pairt of the cuntree within the bounds qrof we bear the charge, 
in the ministrie, hes movit and constrainit us in conscience to mak humblie 
sute to yr Lops : for present remeid for the cryis of the oppressit aboundis 
daylie, for raising of fyr, slauchter, Taking of men captives, Murthering of 
thame being tane captive without pitie makand yair pastyme yrof, Reaffis, 
. heirschippis, spulzeis and uther manifest enormities and oppressionis, 
Committit within thir bounds be the broken men in the hielands especiallie 
be the ClanGregour, and sic uthers Clanes of thair inbringing, qrthrow the 
gentillmen of the cuntrie quha ar not able to withstand thair powar ar com- 



i6o3] Pursuit of the Clan Gregor 307 

pellit for feir of thair tirany to laive thair duellings and flee to burghis for 
refuge and saiftie : and the pure ar exponit as ane pray to yr crueltie ; Sua 
that of our deutie, we cannot be silent in sua great a desolatione. In con- 
sideration qrof, We have tane occasione, to direct thir presents, to your 
Uordschippis, To quhome, the cair of the defenss of the innocent, and 
oppressit, belangis now in the absence of his Matie : our Soverane. Re- 
questing and exhorting zour LLs : in ye name of the eternall God, to 
quhome zr Us : man give a rekoning ane day to tak su spedy order, for re- 
pressing of sic manifest enormities and oppressionis that God's pepill may 
leive peciablie, and quyetlie at zour handis and as ye will be answerable 
to his Divine Maiestie, and have zour Lo : awin soullis fre frome the giltines 
of the inocent blud that is sua neidleslie shed. The particular Complentis 
that has cui and ar to cui in befor zour Uo : Will mak this matter mair mani- 
fest Thus expecting redres of the miseries from zor Uo. We commend zr 
lo. to the blessing and protectioun of ye eternall. From our Presbytrie ef 
Stirling 14 Sep. 1603. zr lo. maist humble &a, The Brethren of the Pres- 
byterie of Stirling. 

A. Levingstone moderator. 
James Duncansone clerk. 

— (Original of Letter in General Register House Edinburgh.) 
"1603. September. Letters to charge George Marquis of Huntlie, Johnne 
Earl of Athollf Patrik Lord Drummond, Sir Duncane Campbell of 
Glenurquhy Knight, Sir John Murray of TuUibardin, Mr John Moncreiflf 
Sheriff depute of Perth, Lauchlane M^Intosch of Dunnachtane, Angus 
M^Intosche of Tarvat, James M^Intosche of Gask, Johne Grant of Freuchie 
Alexander M^Ronald of Glengarray and AUane M^ConneiU duy, to compeir 
personally before the CouncU the 20. day of this instant ; To underly such 
order and direction as shaU be prescribed and enjoined to them anent the 
pursuit of the ClanGregor conforme to first inclusion (conclusion) had there- 
anent under the pain of rebeUion. 

" Letters also to charge Archibald Earl of Aigyle, Hary Stewart com- 

mendator of St Colme, CampbeU of Lundy, Alexander Colquhoun of 

Luss, Aulay M^Aulay of ArdincabiU and Robert Galbraith of Elilchreuch to 
compeir before the CouncU the 20. day of this instant to the effect and for 
the cause above specified. 
'* October. Letters to be proclaimed at the market crosses of StirUng and 
Dumbarton charging aU his Highness's Ueges dwelling nearest (ewest) and 
subject to the incursions of the Clangregor that they live on their own 
guard, keep watch and be ready at all occasions to defend themselves bom 
their pursuit 



3o8 History of the Clan Gregor [1604 

'' Letters also to charge the Lairds of TuUibardm, Grant, and Strowane 
to exhibite and produce before the councQ the 25. of this instant each of 
them that .... son of umqle John Dow M^r^or, which they have in 
keeping, respectively, to be taken order with as shall seem most expedient 
to the Council under the pain of rebellion. — ^Treasurer's Books." 

The following is from the " Annals " written 1^ Sir James Balfour, Lyon 
King of Arms, who lived in this reign, and died in 1657 : — 

''The 2. of October this zeire the notorious thief and rebell Allaster M^regor 
Laird of Glenstrae quho had escaped the Laird of Arkinlesse handes was 
taken by Archibald Earle of Argyle, quho (befor he would zeild) had 
promised to him to conevoy him saue out of Scotts ground ; to performe 
which promisse, he caused some servants conwey him to Berwicke, and 
besouthe it some myelles, and bring him back againe to Edinburgh quher 
he was hangit with maney of his kinred the 20 day of January in the 
following zeire, 1604.'' 

In a Diary written by Robert Birrd, quoted with Pitcairne's observa- 
tions in next chapter, the 2nd Oct was the day of the capture by 
Ardkinlas ; and the 4th Jan., the following year, the date of the recapture, 
&a, it seems probable, from the minuteness of Birrel's Diary, that the 
dates he gives may be the most correct 

Returning to the " Chiefs of Colquhoun," ^ we find much useful infor- 
mation and instructive commentary : — 

''The melancholy fate of the Colquhouns excited very general commiseration. 
But the results were more disastrous to the victors than to the vanquished. The 
resentment of the Government was intensely inflamed against the CianGr^or, 
whose lawless deeds, ruthless as they may have been before, had culminated in the 
terrific scenes enacted at Glenfruin. The measures of the Government against 
them were very severe, contemplating nothing less than the extermination of the 
dan. 

''To the Earl of Argyle, who was the King's Lieutenant in the part of the 
country inhabited by the Macgregors, chiefly was committed the task of executing 
the severe enactments made against them. Indignant complaints were made 
against Aulay Macaulay of Ardincaple, who though he had formally joined with 
the Laird of Luss against Galbraith of Culcreugh, was chaiged with having reset 
and intercommuned with the MacGregors at Glenfruin, which would certainly have 
been only to act in conformity with the bond of clanship, into which he had 
^ " Chiefs of Colqnhoun," vol. i., page 203. 



i6o3] Act to prohibit name of MacGregor 309 

entered with Allaster Macgregor.^ Against Macaulay the Earl of Argyle now 
directed the weight of his official authority. 

"On 17. March 1603.* John Stewart of Ardmolice, Sheriff of Bute, became 
surety for Aulay Macaulay of Ardincaple, that he would compear before his 
Majesty's justice, or his deputies, in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, on the 17 day 
of May following, to underlie the law for reset and intercommuning with Ewin 
Macgregour, (Allaster) Macgregour of Glenstra, the deceased John Dow Macgregour 
his brother, and others of the Macgregours, and for 'not rysing the fray and 
following the thre saidis Macgregours commoun thevis and soimaris, in thair 
incumming in the cuntrey of the Lennox, and steilling of leill menis guidis, and for 
inbringiag of the saidis thevis and rebells, and also for airt and pairt with them in 
the incumming vpoune the Laird of Lussis lands, and for airt and part with the 
saidis Macgregouris in steiling fra the Laird of Luss, and his kyn and friendis and 
tennentis, of certane nolt, scheip,' etc 

" But M*^aulay escaped by a summary suppression of all investigation. Shielded 
by the Duke of Lennox, and being in the Duke's train, which was to accompany 
King James VI. on his way to England, to take possession of the English Tlurone 
vacant by the death of Queen Elizabeth, his Majesty issued a warrant at Berwick, 
7. April 1603. to the Justice General and his deputies, commanding them to desert 
the dyet * against Macaulay, as he was altogedder frie and innocent of the allegit 
crymes laid to his charge.' The Justice, accordingly, on the 17. of May 1603, 
when this warrant was presented in the Justiciary Court by a servant of the Duke 
of Lennox, deserted the diet Many others were less mercifully dealt with." 

After the Conflict of Glenfruin. (Chiefs of Colquhoun, continued). 

" Before any judicial inquiry had been made on the 3. of April 1603, only two 

days before King James VL left Scotland for England an Act of Privy 

Council ;was passed by which the name of Gregor or MacGregor was for ever 
abolished. All of this surname were commanded under the penalty of death to 
change it for another, and the same penalty was denounced against those who 
should give food or shelter to any of the clan. All who had been at the conflict of 
Glenfruin, and at the spoliation and burning of the Lands of the Laird of Luss and 
other lands, were also prohibited under the penalty of death from carrying any 
weapon except a pointless knife to eat their meat. Such a commencement did not 
augur well for the impartial administration of Justice, much less for the ex- 
ercise of clemency to this clan. This was followed by the execution of 
many of those who had taken part in the sanguinary conflict of Glenfruin, 
some at the Burrowmure of Edinburgh, others at the castle Hill, and others 

* 27th May 1591. See page 231. 

« Full transcript of these transactions relating to Aalay MacAulay given in " Chartulary," but 
not quoted in these Memoirs, because they do not relate to MacGregors. 



3IO History of the Clan Gregor [1603-4 

at the public Cross ; and by other measures which bore the impress rather of 

vengeance than of calm judicial procedure. Thus cast beyond the 

pale of the Royal mercy, except on the most dishonourable conditions, the clan 
were driven to desperation, and thinking only of retaliation, broke forth into new 
outrages. After the conflict at Glenfruin, the MacGregors lost no time in selling 
and distributing the plunder which they had carried off, and this they did chiefly in 
. Argyllshire. Some facts in reference to this subject we learn from the depositions 
made 20 July before Alexander Colquhoun of Luss, in the presence of a notary, by 
Donald Makglaschane in Baichybaine, officer, tenant, and servant to Sir John 
Campbell of Ardkinglas. He confessed that he himself had bought three cows, at 
the head of Lochfyne, from two of the most noted actors in these deeds of spoliation, 
and slaughter, three or four days, after they were perpetrated. He also confessed 
that he knew many of the tenants of the Laird of Ardkinglas, for whom that laird 
was responsible, who had bought from other of Allaster Macgregor's men, cows, 
horses, and other spoil, and who had entertained some of the same party. 

" Some of the Campbells who were said to have been the secret allies of the 
Macgregors, having reset them afler the battle of Glenfruin, and having been re- 
ceivers of their stolen property, the Government now resolved to proceed against 
them * Commissions had been given by the Government to the gentle- 
men of the Lennox empowering them to seize the property as well as to pursue 
the persons of the ClanGregor. But this clan as 'the gentlemen of Lennox' 
describe them being Mn all their wicked actiounes maist subtil and craftie' with 
the view of defeating the object of these commissions distributed their goods among 
some of their friends, and moved them to take action before the Lords of secret 
Council against those invested with such commissions for their wrongous intro- 
missiones with the said goods, " 

This was the object of the " supercedere '* granted to the petitioners as 
mentioned at page 306. 

<* Towards the end of 1603. Alexander Colquhoun and his men apprehended 
three of the ClanGregour, — Gregor Cruiginche Macgregor, John dow Macrob Mac- 
gregour, and Allaster Macewne Macgregor. On 24. Nov. he compeared before 
the Lords of the Secret Council at Stirling, presented these prisoners before them, 
and craved that he might be exonered and relieved of them. Their Lordships 
granted the prayer of his petition and having taken them of his hands, delivered 
them to the magistrates of the Burgh of Stirling. 

*<In the trials which took place from the 20. May 1603. to 2. March 1604. 
thirty-five of the Macgregors were convicted, and only one acquited. In most or 
all of these instances the sentence of death, as we learn from Birrel's Diary, was 
carried into effect 

<< Allaster MacGregor, the Chief of the Clan, did not fall into the hands of the 



Execution of Allaster MacGregor of Glenstray3 1 1 

Government till nearly a year after the battle of Glenfruin. He had been almost 
entrapped by Campbell of Arkinglas, Sheriff of Argyllshire, who, with the intention 
of arresting him, and sending him to the Earl of Argyll, had invited him to a 
friendly banquet in his house, which was situated on a small island in a loch, and 
who there made him a prisoner, and put him in a boat, guarded by five men ; but 
Macgregor seeing that he was betrayed, made his escape by a deed of romantic 
daring, having leapt out of the boat into the water, and swam to the shore in 
safety. He was less successful in eluding Archibald Earl of Argyll." 

After relating the circumstances regarding Argyll's treatment of Glen- 
stray as given from several authorities in Pitcaime's " Criminal Trials," Sir 
William Fraser continues: — 

" He arrived in Edinburgh on the evening of the i8. Jan. 1604. Only two 
days after his trial, and that of four of his clan, Patrik Aldoche Macgregour, William 
Macneill his servant, Duncan Pudrache Macgregour, and Allaster Macgregour 
Macean, took place before the High Court of Justiciary for the crime of treason, 
in their having attacked the I>aird of Luss whilst armed with a royal commission to 

resist the * cruel enterprises ' of the ClanGregor.' ' Having been found 

guilty Allaster MacGregor and his four accomplices were sentenced to be hanged 

at the Cross of Edinburgh, on the same day. ' Efiect was also given to 

the forfeiture of their lands, heritages &a. 

" The heads of Allaster and of his associate, Patrick Aldoch Macgregor, were 
by order of the Government, sent to Dumbarton to be placed on the tolbooth of 
that burgh, the chief town of the district where the crimes for which they were 
executed had been committed. On 13. Feb. 1604. the Town Council of Dumbar- 
ton concludit and ordainit that the Laird of Macgregor's heid, with Patrik Auldochy 
his heid, be put up on the Tolbuith, on the maist convenient place the Baillies and 
Counsall thinkis guid. — Dumbarton Town Council Records. 

'* On the 19. of Jan. the day before his execution, Allaster Macgregor made a 
declaration or confession, which if entitled to credit, would throw light on the causes 
which led to the conflict of Glenfruin, as well as explain other matters connected 
with the family feuds of that period. In this confession he distinctly throws the 
whole blame of the outrages committed by the Macgregors against the Colquhouns 
upon the Earll of Argyll, and accuses that Earll of having instigated him to commit 
other slaughters and depredations. But as observed before, declarations which so 
seriously criminated the Earll of Argyll are not entitled, in the circumstances, to 
implicit credit for Allaster was doubtless much exasperated against the Earl, by 
whom he had been captured and delivered as a prisoner to the Government." 

Reverting to an earlier page of " The Chiefs of Colquhoun," the follow- 
ing passage relates to the same subject 



312 History of the Clan Gregor [1604 

''If the decUration or confession made by Allaster MacGregor before his 
execution is trae, Argyll, instead of repressing the ClanGregor, made use ot the 
power which, as the Ring's Lieutenant, he had acquired over them to stimulate 
them to various acts of aggression against Colquhoun of Luss and others, who were 
his personal enemies. Founding mainly on the dying declaration of the Laird of 
Macgr^or, Pitcaim, in his * Criminal Trials,' says, ' It is to this crafty and per- 
fidious system of the Earl therefore, that we must solely trace the feud between the 
Colquhouns and the Macgregors, which proved in the end so hurtful to both, a result 
no doubt all along contemplated by this powerful nobleman.' 

" We do not however agree with Pitcaime in founding so much on Macgregor's 
dying declaration. The feeling of Macgregor against Argyll must in the drcum- 
stances have been intensely strong, as his words plainly indicate, and though in the 
presence of death, the motive to speak only the truth was powerful, yet our knowledge 
of human nature suggests caution in giving implicit credit even to his dying declara- 
tion ; and its main features are certainly not confirmed, as Pitcaime asserts, by the 
Records of the Privy Council. The Laird of Macgregor's testimony, therefore, in 
the circumstances, unsupported by that of other credible witnesses, is not a 
sufficient ground on which to impeach Argyll" 



Another passage has also to be here quoted. 



''The statement made by Mr Pitcaime in his 'Criminal Trials,' that the 
Macgr^ors and the Colquhouns at Glenfinin ' were in a manner equally armed 
with the royal authority ' is quite unfounded. The Laird of Luss was indeed then 
acting under a commission from the ELing to apprehend the ClanGregor, but to 
speak of the ' Laird of Macgregor as marching to invade the Lennox under the 
paramount authority of the King's lieutenant,' Argyll, is a gratuitous assertion. 
Whatever the friends of the Macgregors may say as to Argyll's secretly encouraging 
the Macgr^ors to attack the Colquhouns, it is certain that he had no power to arm 
them with authority for that purpose, and there is no evidence that he formally did 
so. To place the two parties nearly on a footing of equality as to the right 
of meeting in hostile array for trial of strength, is a view entirely erroneous. 
The Macgregors were rebels, and the Colquhouns were armed with royal authority 
to suppress their outrages." 

A few remarks on the preceding observations must here be made. In 
the next chapter, Pitcaime's article on the trial of Allaster MacGr^or of 
Glenstray and of the conflict of Glenfruin are given m full, where the 
points to which Sir William Fraser raises objections can be studied 
carefully. 

The opinion that the Colquhouns had the Royal sanction for taking up 






/ 



i6o4] Remarks on Conflict of Glenfruin 313 

arms, and that their adversaries had not this authority, may be willingly 
conceded. In fairness to the Colquhouns, it may be noticed that there is 
no evidence that they purchased letters of fire and sword against their 
foes, as was so often the case, legalising violence and bloodshed by money. 
Their claim was, therefore, all the stronger, and consisted of two grants 
of authority: the first a Royal letter, sanctioning their opposing the 
MacGregors ** without any crime," date Sep. 1602; the other a formal 
Commission of Lieutenantcy, given to Alexander Colquhoun of Luss, in 
Dec. 1602. We may consider that this Commission was obtained by an 
artifice in r^ard to the parade of shirts, but this does not affect the fact 
of the Royal authority, on which much stress is laid in the subsequent 
trials. The view taken by Mr Pitcaime, however, can be understood if 
its grounds are analysed. 

The Commission given by the King to the Earl of Argyle against the 
ClanGr^or, March 3, 1601, expressly annulled the Sovereign's own power 
to forgive any MacGr^or, or to make terms with one of the name. This 
Commission was thus such a complete and absolute del^ation of the 
Royal authority that if Argyle, as the King's Lieutenant in special charge 
of the MacGregors, had openly convened them to invade the Colquhouns, 
the curious anomaly of both opponents being armed with the Royal 
authority, as Mr Pitcairne conceived, might have actually occurred. But 
such overt acts were no part of Argyle's policy. 

With regard to the last Declaration of Glenstray, it is impossible for 
one of the ClanGr^or to feel strictly impartial. To us it is a legacy, the 
truth of which is a matter of painfully deep, and we may believe inherited, 
conviction. However presumptuous it may be to attempt to break a 
lance with the learned and courteous knight who has adopted the side of 
the Chiefs of Colquhoun, but who has evinced much delicacy and for- 
bearance in treating of our combats with them, loyal duty to our heroic 
Chief must disr^ard any ''skaith" risked in his defence. 

Endeavouring to unravel the arguments advanced in the attempt to 
vindicate Archibald, second Earl of Argyle, by discrediting Glenstray's 
testimony, it must be remarked that Pitcaime, who had made criminal 
trials his special study and is recognised as a most competent authority 

2 R 






314 History of the Clan Gregor 

on the subject, has collected excellent illustrations from nearly con-^ 
temporary histories which relate the manner in which Glenstray was 
conveyed across the Border and brought back again.^ This act of 
treachery is in conformity with the dying Chiefs accusations against 
Argyle. Glenstray was no ordinary culprit, whose word was known to 
be unreliable ; he had been befriended by the Laird of Tullibardine and 
the Commendator of Inchaffray, two landlords who appear to have borne 
a high character — ^there is no special bitterness in the Chief's last Declara- 
tion; it reads sad, sober, and earnest. But in so hurried a trial, with 
several of the jury personally incensed against Glenstray, and , warned 
beforehand to bring in a true bill, his Declaration apparently received no 
attention. It is highly improbable that he could have been acquitted 
after the events of Glenfruin, especially as the fact of Luss having had a 
Royal Commission was fully recognised as adding to the offence, but the 
circumstances of the Declaration having been disregarded and hushed up 
by his adversaries is no argument against its truth. Nor was any con- 
temporary refutation made, so far as is known. 

Against Argyle there are certain suspicious probabilities. It is true 
that, whilst suffering from the ill-will and greed of their Glenurchay 
neighbour, the MacGregors had received some protection from the Earls 
of Argyle, but the enormous power with which this very young man was 
invested enabled him most easily to force those dependent on him, to 
carry out his behests whatever they might be, and Argyle had enemies 
who it was to his interest either to put out of the way or reduce to sub- 
mission. The same complaint of double-dealing and of stirring up the 
Clans against each other was repeated a few years later, in the case of the 
MacDonalds and others.* We cannot hold Argyle guiltless of the charges 
brought against him by Glenstray. 

^ J. Hill Barton, in his "Narratives from Criminal Trials in Scotland,*' referring to Glenstray's 
trial, simply states that he does not believe the narrative of Glenstray having been taken across 
the Border, &c. His disbelief in the last Declaration naturally corresponds with this summary 
judgment. 

' Gregory's *' History of the Islands and Isles," &c. 



Chapter XXVI 

Conflict of Glenfruin, 1603 



THE following excerpts are from the collection of "Celebrated Trials 
in Scotland," with critical and historical remarks by Hugo Amot, 
Esq., Advocate, 1812 : — 

'' Alister Macgregor of Glenstra, Laird of Macgregor, for slaughtering the Laird 
of Luss's friends and plundering his lands. 

" 1604. This trial, and the subsequent proceedings relating to the ClanGregor, 
afford the most characteristic evidence of the barbarous state of the Highlands in 
those times, of the lawless manners of the people, and despicable imbecility of the 
executive arm. The crimes with which the prisoner was charged resemble more 
the outrage and desolation of war than the guilt of a feloq. He was accused of 
havmg conspired the destruction of the name of Colquhoun, its friends and allies, 
and the plunder of the lands of Luss ; of having, on the 7. of Feb. preceding, 
invaded the lands of Sir Alexander Colquhoun of Luss with a body of 400 men, 
composed partly of his own Clan and of the Clan Cameron, and of lawless thieves 
and robbers, equipped in arms, and drawn up on the field of Lennox in battle 
array ; of having fought with Sir Alexander, who, being authorised by a warrant 
from the Privy CouncU, had convocated his friends to resist this lawless host ; of 
having killed about 140 of Sir Alexander's men, most of them in cold blood, after 
they were made prisoners ; of having carried ofif 80 horses, 600 cows, and 800 
sheep j and of burning houses, comyards, &c. 

" A jury of landed gentlemen of most respectable family sat upon the prisoner. 
.... One of these persons indeed, Thomas Fallasdaill,^ burgess of Dumbarton, 
ought to have been kept far aloof from this jury. He was the spedal confident and 
adviser of the Laird of Luss ; and it was in consequence of his suggestion that the 
Laird made the parade before his Majesty at Stirling, with the bloody shirts, stained 
with the gore of his followers. The jury unanimously convicted the prisoner, who, 

^ It appears from the indictment of Glenstray that David Fallasdaill, Burgess, and two sons, 
Thomas and James, were slain at Glenfruin— all probably near relations of the Juror. In the 
Assize of March i, 1604, against five MacGregors, besides Thomas Fallasdaill on the Jury, there 
was John Sempell of Foulwird, the Laird who had joined in advbing the display of shirts, whilst 
William SemphiU was <'tane away captive." 



3i6 History of the Clan Gregor 

in consequence of the verdict, was condemned to be hanged and quartered at the 
Cross of Edinburgh, his limbs to be stuck up in the chief towns, and his whole 
estate, heritable and moveable, to be forfeited. Four of the Laird of MacGr^or's 
followers, who stood trial along with him, were convicted and condemned to the 
same punishment, eleven on the 17. Feb. and six on the i. March, and many 
pages of the criminal record are engrossed with the trials of the MacGregors. It 
became the object of national attention to break this lawless confederacy, of which 
the object was pointed revenge and indiscriminate plunder, supported by uniform 
contempt of the laws and resistance to the magistrates." 

The whole subject of the Conflict of Glenfruin has such deep interest 
for everyone of the ClanGregor that it is desirable to give here in full the 
article upon it in the records of Criminal Trials by Robert Pitcairne. 

(" Mr WiUiame Hairt, Justice-Depute.) 

" ' Field of the Lennox, or Conflict of Glenfruine — Slaughter of the Colquhouns 
— Stoutrcif— Treason — Fire-Raising, &a.' 

" The proscription and the cruel and systematic persecution of the ClanGregor, 
for a long series of years, although, in the abstract, a subject familiar to every 
reader of Scottish History, has hitherto been very imperfectly explained. The 
Criminal Records, and the Acts of the Privy Council, throw much light on all 
the branches of this extraordinary event. To save the necessity of future repetition, 
it appears to the Editor to be necessary, at the outset of these proceedings, to give 
a very brief sketch of the circumstances which led to the Field of the Lennox—- or 
'the Raid' or 'Conflict of Glenfruin'; and of those events which ultimately 
terminated in the Execution of the Laird of Macgr^or, and of many others of his 
name. All the future oppression and persecution of the race of the Macgregors 
ostensibly take their rise from this conflict. 

'*The ClanGregor which, from whatever causes, had been for some time 
looked upon as an unruly tribe, was, for some years previous to 1603, placed 
under the control of ^chibald (seventh) Earl of Aigyle, who, as King's 
Lieutenant in the ' Bounds of the ClanGregor/ was invested with very extensive 
powers, and who, by his acceptance of the office, was made answerable for all 
excesses committed by this Clan. In these circumstances, it might be supposed 
that it was Argyle's interest, as it certainly was his duty, to have done all in his 
power to retain the ClanGregor in obedience to the laws ; but, on the contrary, it 
appears that from the time he first, as King's Lieutenant, acquired the complete 
control of the MacGregors, the principal use he made of his power, was artfully to stir 
up the Clan to various acts of aggression and hostility against his own personal enemies, 
of whom it is known Colquhoun of Luss was one. It is to this crafty and perfidious 
system of the Earl, therefore, that we must solely trace the feud between the 



Pitcaime's Criminal Trials 317 

Colquhouns and Macgregors, which proved^ in the end, so hurtful to both; a 
result, no doubt, all along contemplated by this powerful but treacherous Nobleman. 
But it is unnecessary to enlarge on this pomt, as the Dying Declaration of the 
Laird of Macgregor places in a very clear light the cruel and deceitful policy 
pursued by Aigyle, and which was too frequently resorted to by others, in those 
days, for quieting the Highlands. It may be remarked, that this interesting 
document, besides undoubtedly bearing internal evidence of truth, is corroborated, 
in almost every detail of it, by the Public Records. 

" It is also to be remarked, as particularly worthy of notice, that at the period of 
this fatal conflict, both of the contending parties were, in a manner, equally armed 
with the Royal authority ; the Laird of Luss having raised his forces under a 
commission, emanating from the King himself; while the Laird of MacGregor 
marched to invade the Lennox, under the paramount authority of the King's 
Lieutenant" ^ 

It is unnecessary to quote the repetition of refutation of the alleged 
murder of Sir Humphrey, which error has been sufficiently cleared up 
already. 

''The popular accounts of this transaction charge the MacGregors with two 

atrocities committed after the battle, and the Slaughter of a number of 

defenceless boys from the Grammar School or College of Dumbarton, who, from 
curiosity, came to see the fight, and had by Colquhoun's orders, been put into a 
bam for safety ; where, on the success of the Highlanders, they were said to have 

been murdered. It is enough to state that this circumstance forms no 

point of any of the Dittays against those of the MacGregors who were tried for 
their share of the battle, although every criminal act which could be possibly 
adduced against each of them is carefully inserted in their Indictments. Such an 
atrocious fact could not have escaped the notice of all his Majesty's Advocates, for 
such a length of time — and there was no lack of informers. It is thought that this 
massacre is alluded to in the Records of the Privy Council, Jan. 5. 1609, where it 
is stated that * Allan Oig M'^Intach, in Glenco,' when aiding the CUmGregor at 
Glenfruin, 'with his awne hand, murdered without pity, the number of forty poor 
persons, who were naked and without armour.' " 

According to Pitcaime's usual plan, some passages from contemporary 
MSS. are appended in illustration of the facts. 

"1604. Jan. 20. Allaster M^^Gregour of Glenstra, Patrik Aldoche* M'^Gr^our, 
Williame McNeill his seruand, Duncane Pudradie M^Gregour and Allaster 
M^Oregour M^Kean.* 

1 Vide previoos Chapter. ' Younger brother of Duncan Abroch. 

' Younger son of Gr^^or of Brackly-— he was second cousin of Patrick Aldoch in the male line. 



3i8 History of the Clan Gregor 

Dilatit, accusit, and persewit, at the instance of Sir Thomas Hammiltoun of 
Momkland, knycht, aduocate to our souerane Lord, &a off the crymes following : 
ForsamekiU as thay and ilk ane of thame accumpaneit with umqle Johnne Dow, 
brother to the said Allaster M^^Gregour of Glenstra, and vtheris thair kin, friendis 
and of thair counsall, haifing concludit the distructioune of Alexander Colquhoune 
of Luse, his kyn, freindis and alya, and the haill surname of the Balquhannanis, and 
to herrie thair landis ; thay convenit to thameselfiis the Clanhamrone, the Clanan- 
verich, and dyuerse vtheris brokin men and soimeris, to the number of foure 
hundreth men, or thairby, all bodin feir of weir, with hagbuttis, pistolettis, murrionis, 
mailzie-cottis, pow-aixes, tua-handit-swoirdis, bowis, darloches, and vtheris wappones, 
invasiue, incontraire the tennour of the Actis of Parliament : And for the pe^orm- 
ance of thair wicked conclusioune, vpon the sevint day of Februare last bypast 
come fordwardy in arrayit battell, to the Landis of Glenfrwne, pertening to the 
Laird of Luse ; quhair the said Laird of Luse. accumpaneit with certane of his 
freindis, war convenit, be vertew of our Soerane lordis Commissioun, to resist the 
saidis persones crewall interpryses ; and thair set vpone him, his kyn and freindis, 
and crewallie invaidit thame for thair slauchteris, schamefullie, crewallie and bar- 
baruslie murdreist and slew Peter Naper of Kilmahew; Johnne Buchannane of 
Buchlyvie ; Tobias Smallet, bailzie of Dumbarten ; Dauid Fallesdaill, burges thair ; 
Thomas and James Fallesdaillis his sones ; Walter Colquhoun of Bamehill; Johne 
Colquhoun fear thairof ; Adam and Johne Colquhounes sones to the Laird of Camp- 
stradden ; Johne Colquhoun of Dalmure, and dyueris persones our souerane lordis 
leigis, to the number of sevin scoir personis or thairby ; the maist pairt of thame 
being taen captiues be the saidis M^Gregouris befoir thai pat violent handis 
in thame, and crewallie slew thame. And tressonabillie tuik Williame Sempill and 
dyueris vtheris, our souerane lordis frie legis, and convoyit thame away captiue with 
thame, and be way of maisterfuU Stouthreif staw, reft and away-tuik sax hundreth ky 
and oxin, aucht hundreth scheip and gait, fourtene scoir of horse and meiris, with 
the haill plenissing, guidis, and geir, aff the fourscoir pund land of Luse ; and at the 
samyn tyme, tressonabillie raisit ffyre in the houssis and bame-zairdis thairof, brunt, 
waistit and distroyit the samyn, with the coimis being thairin. And the foirsaidis 
personis and ilk ane of thame ar airt and pairt of the saidis crewall, horrible and 
tressonabill crymes ; the lyk quhairof was nevir committit within this realme; Com- 
mitting thairby manifest Tressone, in hie and manifest contempt of our souerane 
lord; his hienes auctorite and lawis. 

''ASSISA. 

Sir Thomas Stewart of Gametullie, Moyses Wallace bulges of Edr. 

Colene Campbell younger of Glenorchie, Sir Robert Creychtoune of Clwny 

Knicht, 
Alexander Menzies of Weyme, Robert Robertsoun of Faskeil^ 



Pitcairnes Criminal Trials 319 

Robert Robertsoun of Strowane, Thomas Fallasdaill burges of Dumbar- 

tene, 
Johne Naper fiear of Merchinstoune, Johne Herring of Lethendie, 
Johne Blair younger of that Ilk, William Stewart, Capitane of Dumbar. 

tene, 
Johne Grahame of Knockdoliane, Harie Drummond of Blair, 

Johne Blair elder of that Ilk. 

" For verificatioui quhairof, the said. Sir Thomas Hammiltoun of Monkland, 
aduocat, produceit the saidis persones Depositionis and Confessiones, maid be 
thame in presens of dyuerse lordis of his hienes Secreit Counsall and Sessioun, 
subscryuit with thair handis. The Aduocat askit instrumentis, i. Of the sweuing 
of the Assyse, and protestit for Wilfull enour aganis thame, in cais thay acquit 
2. Of the sweiring of the Dittay be the Laird of Luse. 3. Of the productioune of 
the pannellis Depositiones to the Assyse. 

" Verdict The Assyse, all in ane voce, be the mouth of Johne Blair elder of 
that Ilk. fiand pronuncet and dedarit the saidis Allaster M^r^our of Glenstra, &a 
to be fylet, culpable and convict of the crymes aboue specifeit. 

** Sentence. And thairfoir, the Justice-depute, ffinding the saidis crymes to be 
tressonabill, be the mouth of James Hendersoun dempstar of Court, Ordainit the 
saidis persones to be tane to the mercat-croce of Edinburgh, and thair to be hangit 
vpone ane gibbet quhill thay be deid ; and thairefter thair heidis, legis, airmes and 
remanent pairtis of thair bodeis to be quarterit and put vpone publict places, and 
thair haill landis, heritageis, annuel rentis, takis, steidingis, rowmes, possessiones, 
coires, cattell, guidis, geir, and sowmes of money pertening to thame, to be fTorfaltit, 
escheit and inbrocht to our souerane lordis vse, as convict of the saidis tressonabill 
crymes. 

" Footnote.^ The matter is thus noticed by Birrel and Fleming. * The 9. of Feb. 
(1603) the Laird of MacGregour. with fourhunder of his name and factioune, enterit 
the Lennox, quhair he maid spulzie and slauchter, to the nwmber of 60 honest men, 
besyid wemen and beamis. He spareit nane quhair he come.' — Birrers Diary. 
* (April 9.) Proclamatioun sumonding all the M^Gregouris to compere and wnderly 
the law for the slauchter of the Laird of Luss and men of Dumbartane.' — Fleming's 
MS. Chronicle. 

" Documents illustrative of * The Field of the Lennox or Conflict of Glenfrune ' 
and of the Proceedings against the Laird of MacGregor and his Clan. 

" I. Extract from Calderwood's MS. Church History, Advocates' Library, vol. 
V. p. 677 — 

" * Upon the 8. of Feb. a great company of somers and broken Highland men of 
the Clane of Mackgrigore, the number of 400 men, came down to Lennox to reave 

^ In Amot's edition of Pitcairne. 



320 History of the Clan Gregor 

and spoyle. The people of the country convened to make impediment. There 
were slaine of the country people, specially of the surname of Colquhoun, to the 
number of fourscore persons or diereby ; of which number were landed men of 
good rank. The Laird of Luce himself, Chief of the Colquhouns, escaped 
narrowly. They carried away looo head of cattell, besides other insight and 
plenishing. It was reported, that that was done at the instigation of the Duke of 
Lennox his lady, seeking the wrack of the Laird of Luce, who held of the King and 
not of the Duke.' 

" II. Extract from MS. History of Scotland, Anon. Advocates' Library, A. 4. 35 — 
" * Now on the 2. day of Oct. (1603) the Laird of Arkinles takis in hand to the 
Erll of Argyill, to tak the Laird of MacGregour; and callis him to ane bankatt in 
his hous, quhilk hous stuid within ane Loche ; and thair takis him prissoner to send 
him to Argyll. And putting him in ane boitt, with fywe menne with him by thame 
that eowit the boitt ; he seing him selff betreifiit, gettis his handis lowse ; and 
striking him our burd that was narrest him he lowpis in the watter, and out-sowmis 
to the land. And so escheappis wntene (untaken) for the presentt Now the Erll 
Argyill, perseaffing that he was eschappit, he sendis to him ; desiring him to cum to 
him, that he mycht confer with him, wnder promeis to let him gang frie gif thay 
culd nocht agrie. Wpoun the quhilk, the Laird Macgregour come to him ; and at 
his cuming was well ressauit be the Erll ; quha schew him, that he was commandit 
be the King to bring him in ; bot he had no doubt bot his Majesty wald, at his 
requeist pardoun his offence ; and he suld with all diligense, send tua Gentill 
menne to Ingland with him, and suld with all diligense follow him selfT. Wpoun 
the quhilk fair promeissis he was content ; and come with the Erll of Argyll to 
Edinburgh; quhair, on the 10 day he was be the Gaird conwoyit to Berwick, 
within Inglis grund, and syne brocht back to Edinburgh. And on the 20 day 
he was hangit at the Corse, with tenne of his kin and friendis hangit with him 
to the gritt discredeit of the Erll Argyill, quha wes the doare of the samin.' 

"III. Extract from Robert Birrel's Diary, MS. Advocates' Library (p. 138) — 
"*The 2 of Oct. (1603.) Allester M*^Gregourof Glainstre tane be the Lairdof Arkyn- 
les, bot scapit agine ; bot efter, taken be the Earle of Argyill the 4 of Jan. and brocht 
to Edinburche the 9. of Jan. 1604. with 18 mae of his freindis, M^Gregouris. He 
wes convoyit to Berwick be the Gaird conforme to the Earlis promese for he pro- 
mesit to put him out of Scottis grund. Swa he keipit ane Hieland-manis promes ; 
in respect he sent the Gaird to convoy him out of Scottis grund : Bot thai wer not 
directit to pairt with him, bot to fetche him bak agane. The 18 of Januar, at 
evine, he come agane to Edinburghe ; and vpone the 20 day, he wes hangit at the 
Croce, and ij (eleven) of his freindis and name upone the gallous ; Himselff, being 
chieff, he wes hangit his awin hicht abone the rest of hes freindis.' 
" IV. Extract from Calderwood's MS. Church History— 
"'Upon the 18 of Januar, Mackgregore was conveyed be the guard who attended 



Glenstrays Dying Declaration 321 

upon the CouDsell to Berwick, because Argyle promised to him, when he rendered 
himself, that he sould be caried to Ingland : But post was appointed to meet him 
to caus bring them back againe which was done. Immediately, upon the 20 of 
Januar, he, and sundrie of his Clane were hanged in Edinburgh. Sevine of thair 
number came in, long before, as pleadges for performance of certaine conditions, 
which were to be filled by their Chief; but they were hanged with the rest, without 
the knowledge of ane Assyse. They were young men, and reputed honest for their 
own parts. The Laird of Makgrigore was hanged a pinne above the rest A 
young man called James Hope, beholding the execution, fell down, and power was 
taken from half of his body. When he was carried to ane house, he cryed, that 
" one of the Highland men had shott him with ane arrow." " He died upon the 
sabbath day<.^ter." ' 

"Footnote. Fleming in his Chronicle (MS. Advocates' Library) thus records 
the event. The Laird of M^Gregour hangit at Edinburgh and xj of his unhappie 
kin. They hang all nicht on the gallous. This almost unexampled act of perfidy, 
on the part of Argyle the King's Lieutenant, and the Justice General of Scotland, 
gives a lamentable picture of those unhappy times ; and it would appear that the 
government seemed to think it no discredit to take advantage of such an infamous 
breach of trust. 

"V. The Laird of M^Gregours Declaratioun, produceit the tyme of conviction. 

*' ' I, Allester Magrigour of Glenstra, Confesse heir before God, that I have bein 
persuadit, movit and intysit, as I am presentlie accusit and trublit for ; alse gif I 
had usit counsall or command of the man that hes Intysit me, I wald have done 
and committit sindrie heich Murthouris mair; ffor trewlie, sen I was first his 
Majesteis man, I culd never be at ane eise, by my Lord of Argylls falshete and 
inventiones ; for he causit M^Claine and Glenchamrowne committ herschip and 
slauchter in my rium of Rennoche,^ the quhilk causit my pure men therefter to 
bege and steill : Also, therefler, he moweit my brother and sum of my freindis to 
commit baith herschip and slauchter upoune the Laird of Luss : Also he persuadit 
myselfe, with message to weir aganis the Laird of Boauhanene, quhilk I did refuise ; 
for the quhilk I was contenowalie bostit (threatened) that he sould be my unfiiend ; 
and quhen I did refuise his desire in that point, then intysit me with uther 
messingeris, as be the Laird of M^knachtane and utheris of my freindis, to weir and 
truble the Laird of Luss ; quhilk I behuffit to do for his fals boutgaittis (roundabout 
ways) Then quhen he saw I was at ane strait he cawsit me trow he was my guid 
freind ; bot I did persave he was slaw therin ; Then I made my moyan to pleis his 
Majestie and Lords of Counsall, baith of service and obedience, to puneische faul- 
touris and to saif innosent men ; and quhen Argyll was maid foresein (informed) 
thereof, he intysit me to stay and start fira thay conditions, causing me to understand 

^ Glenurchy introduced Keppoch and others into the Isle of Loch Ranoch 1564, hut no such 
act on the part of the Earl of Ai^le appears on record. — £d. 

28 



322 History of the Clan Gregor 

that I was dissavit ; bot with fair wordis to put me in ane snair, that he mycht gett 
the lands of Kintyre in feyell (fee feu-farm) fra his Majestie, begane to putt at me 
and my kin ; The quhilk Argyll inventit, maist schamefiillie, and persuadit the 
Laird of Ardkinlaiss to dissave me, quha was the man I did maist trest into ; bot 
God did releif me in the mean tyme to libertie maist narrowlie. Neuertheless, 
Argyll maid the oppin bruit (report) that Ardkinlaiss did all that by falsheid, by his 
Knawlege quhilk he did intyse me, with oft and sindrie messages, that he wald 
mak my peace and saif my lyfe and landis only to puneis certane faltouris of my 
kin, and my innosent freindis to renunce thair surname, and to leif peaseablie. 
Vpone the quhilk conditioune he was suome be ane ayth to his freindis -, and they 
suome to me ; and als I haif his warrand and handwrytt therevpon. The promeis. 
gif they be honestlie keipit, I let God be the Juge. And at our meting in oure 
awin chalmer, he vas suome to me in witnes of his awin freind Attour, I confess 
befor God that he did all his craftie diligence to intyse me to slay and destroy the 
Laird Ardinkaippill, M^Kallay, for ony ganes kyndness or freidschip that he 
mycht do or gif me. The quhilk I did refuis, in respect of my faithfuU promeis 
maid to M'^kallay of befor. Also he did all the diligence he culd to mowe me to 
slay the Laird of Ardkyndlas, in lykmaner ; bot I neuer grantit therto ; Throw the 
quhilk he did invy me grettumly. And now, seing God and man seis it is greide- 
nes of warldlie geir quhilkis causis him to putt at me and my kin, and not the weill 
of the realme, nor to pacifie the samyn, nor to his Majesties honour, bot to putt 
down innosent men, to cause pure baimes and infantis b^e, and pure wemen to 
perisch for hunger, quhen thay ar hereit of thair geir ; The quhilk, I pray God that 
this faltis lycht not upon his Majestie heirefter, nor upon his successione. Quher- 
for I wald beseik God that his Majestie knew the weratie, that at this hour I wald 
be content to tak baneisment, with all my kin that was at the Laird of Lussis 
slaucgter, and all utheris of thame that ony fait can be laid to thair charge ; And 
his majestie of his mercie, to lat pure innosent men and young baimes pass to 
libertie, and to leme to leiff as innocent men ; The quhilk I wald fulfill, bot ony 
kynd of faill, quhilk wald be mair to the will of God, and his Majesties honour, 
nor the greidie cruell forme that is devysit, only for leuf of geir, haueing nether 
respect to God nor honestie.' 

" Footnote. The Original of the very interesting paper now given, is preserved in 
the General Register House, and is in the hand of the then Clerk of Secret Council, 
James Primrose. It is marked as * Presentit be Mr Williame Hairt ' (of Livilands), 
as an article of evidence of his guilt at his trial. Glenstray had surrendered to 
Argyll, on condition of his being permitted to go to England ; by which the former 
meant that he should visit the English Court and have, if possible, access to the 
King. It was obviously Argyll's policy to prevent this ; but that he might fulfil 
his promise, he sent him under a strong escort of troops, to beyond the river 
Tweed, at Berwick, where the soldiers wheeling to the right about, made Mac- 



Pitcairne's Criminal Trials 323 

Gregor retrace his steps. He was two days only in Edinburgh, after his return 
from England, when he was executed. — See Sir James Balfour's Annals. 

" In the Lord Treasurer's Books of Scotland, Nov. 1602, is the following entry : 
' Item to Patrik M^omeis^ messiuger, passand of Edinburgh with lettres to charge 
Archibald Earle of Argyle to compeir personallie befoir the Counsall, the xvi day 
of Dec. nixt, to ansuer to sic thingis as salbe inquirit at him, tuiching his lying at 
await for the Laird of Ardincapill, vpon set purpois to have slane him.' Pitcaime 
next alludes to the Bond of Clanship between Glenstray and MacAulay of 1591 as 
on page 231, r^arding which he adds : ' This instrument had as would seem, been 
discovered by the Government, and led to the suspicion that MacAulay had aided 
Glenstray in the feud of Glenfruin. MacAulay seems to have escaped death, by 
being under the protection of the Duke of Lennox, and forming one of his train or 
'^ tail " in the King's journey to England, to take possession of the English Throne.' 

" Field of Glenfrune — Murder — Fire-raising, &a, 
"1604. Feb. 17. Johnne Dow M^Ewin M*^Gregour, Patrik M^^Ilvamoch his 
man, Duncan M^inham M^Gregour, Duncan M^Allester Vrek, Allester 
M^Ewin V^Condochie, Johnne M^^ean V*^Gregour, Ewin M^condochie 
clerich, Johnne Ammonoche M^Gregour, Duncan Beg M^^Gregour V^oull 
chere, Gregour M^Nicoll in Dalveich, Johnne Dow M^condochie V^^Ewin. 
Dilatit of certane crymes of Murthour, Thift, Soiming; and for being at the 
ffeild of Glenfrune, in companie with vmquhile Allaster of Glenstra, his kyn and 
freindis ; and of the Slauchteris, ffyre raising, Reiff and Herschippis committit in 
the moneth of ffeb. 

'^ 1603 yeiris, aganis the Laird of Luse, his freindis and pairtakeris, viz. 
"i. Johnne Dow M^^Ewin M^Gregour,^ for his intercommuning with umqle 
Allaster M^^Gregour of Glenstra, vmqle Patrik Aulauch M^Gregour and utheris 
thair complices, quha war at the tressonabill burning of Robert Wattersones bame 
of Kallechoit, and at the steilling of the Laird of Merchinstounes oxin ; committit 
in Sep. last. Item of airt and pairt of the thiftuous steilling, furth of Andro Allan's 
house in Kippine, of fyvt ky ; committit in Oct. last. Item for airt and pairt of the 
slauchter of vmqle Johnne Drummond in Drony of Cowgask ; committit in Aug. last. 
Item for airt and pairt of the steilling of ane milk zow (ewe) fra Patrik M*^Boricht, 
furth of his duelling hous of Glenmawak : committit in Sep. last. And siclyk, oif 
cowmone Thift and cowmon resett of thift. 

" Patrik MTcilvamoch, servand to the said Johnne Dow, of airt and pairt of the 
haill crymes aboue writtin ; as being in companie with his said maister thairat. 

"2. Duncan M^nham (M^ean cham) V^Gregour, ffor airt and pairt of the 
thiftuous steilling fra Eduard Reidoche of fyve horse and meiris ; committit in the 

moneth of Im Vc fourscoir and fourtene yeiris (1594). Item of airt and 

^ Second son of Ewin, Tutor of Glenstray. 



324 History of the Clan Gregor 

pain of the thiftuous steilling fra Allaster M^condochie Vic James Robiesone, in 
Callewin, of ten horsis and meiris ; committit in the moneth of . . . yeiris. 

^'3. Duncane M*^ Allaster Vrek in Fame, ffor airt and pairt of the thiftious 
steilling furth of the Laird of Strowane's crandoche of his haill insichtworth Imlib. 
Item for the airt and pairt of the slauchter of vmqle Donald Dereiff. Item for the 
airt and pairt of the thiftious steilling furth of the landis of Downance in Menteith, 
of fourtie ky, tuelf horsis; committit 1588. And for intercowmoning with the 
Laird of M^regour ; And for cowmone thift and cowmone resset of thift. 

"4. Ewin M^Condochie Clerich. fibr his tressonabill intercowmoning with 
vroqle the Laird of M^regour, and geving him supplie and comforte. 

''5. Johnne Ammonache M^Gregour in Kingart, ffor airt and pairt of the 
thiftious steilling if sax scheip furth of SchandbaUie; committit aucht yeir syne or 
thairby. Item for cowmone Thift and cowmone resset of thift. 

'* 6. Allaster M^ewin V^condochie, in Couldar, ffor airt and pairt of the heirschip 
of the Downance in Menteith ; and of the slauchteris then committit ; and 
speciallie of the slauchter of vmple Andro Grahame. 

" 7. Gregour M'^Neill alias Cownache, ffor airt and pairt of the crewall murthour 
and slachter of vmqle the ffidler M^killope, within his awin hous in Dalvey; com- 
mittit at Andersmes, 1602. Item ffor the thiftious ressetting and tressonabill inter- 
cowmoning (of vmqle the Laird of M^Gregour?) efter he wes discharget be pro- 
clamatioun. 

"8. Johnne M*^Kean V^^Gregour, in Glenogill vnder Tawie bame, ffor the 
crewall murthour, slauchter and drowning of M^kiUopis wyfe that duelt in Glenart- 
nay, being in company with vmqle Patrik Aulach committit in harvest last Item 
for resset of the brokin men of the M^regouris, within his duelling-hous, and 
tressonabill intercowmoning with thame aganis his hienes Proclamatioune. 

" 9. Duncan Beg M^Gregour V*^Coull Chere, ffor airt and pairt of the crewall 
Murthour and slauchter of sevin scoir persones slain at Glenfrwne ; and heischip 
than committit thairin, in the moneth of Feb. 1603. Item for cowmone thift and 
ressett of thift; And for the tressonabill intercowmoning with vmqle the Laird 
of M^Gregour, eftir he was discharget be proclamatioune. 

" ASSISA. 

Mr Moreis Drummond of Culcherie, Thomas Fallasdaill in Ardoche, 

James Spreull ffiear of Cowden, Dauid Muschet of Orcheardheid, 

Colene Campbell of Aberuchill, Johnne Buchannane of Ibert, 

Mungo Lyndsay of Ballull, Jacobi Edmestoun of Newtoun, 

Robert Naper of Blakzairdis, Johnne Naper of Kilmahew, 

Mungo Buchannane in Tulliechewin, Dauid Drummond in Drymen, 

James Dennystoune of Cowgrane, Johnne Muschet at the mylne of Tor, 

Harrie Mitchell in Darra. 



Pitcairne's Criminal Trials 325 

The Aduocat askit instrumentis of the sweiring of the Assyse ; of Johnne Dowis 
Declaratioune, that Patrik M^ilvamoch his man hes bene with him this tua yeir 
bygane, and is pairtaker of all his factis. The Aduocat, for verifeing the poyntis of 
Dittay, producet the Kingis Proclamatioune, Actis of Secreit Counsall, contenit in 
the bulk of Secreit Counsall produceit, and askit instrumentis thairvpoune ; And 
protestit for wilfull £rrouiL*ganis the Assyse in caise thai acquit. 

" Verdict. The Assysis, be the mouth of Dauit Drummond, chancellor flfand 
pronunceit, and declairit the siadis persones to be fylet, culpable and convict of the 
perticular poyntis of Dittay aboue written. 

"Sentence. The Justice-depute decemit and adjuget the said John Dow 
(M^Ewin) &a to be tane to the mercait-croce of Edinburgh, and thair to be hangit 
vpoun ane gibbet quhill thai be deid ; and all thir moveabill guidis to be 
escheit and inbrocht to our souerane's Lordis vse, as convict of the saidis 
crymes. 

" Footnote. ' The i8 of Feb. 1604. 9 of the name of MacGregor hangit quho 
had lain lang in the Tolbuith.* — BirreL 

" Field of Glenfrune — Slaughter of the Colquhouns &a, 

" 1604. March i. Neill M^Gregour in Meirie (Mewie)* Patrik Gair M^Gregour,* 
Donald Roy M^^Gregour, Duncane M^Gregour, Donald Graffiche* M^Cadanich. 

"Dilatit, accusit and persewit for being in company with vmqle Allaster 
M^Gregour of Glenstra and his complices, at the ffield of Glenfrwne, and of 
airt and pairt of the slauchter of sevin scoir persones, being all freindis, servandis 
assisteris and pairtackeris with the Laird of luse at the said ffield, and of the heirsch- 
ippis thair committit be the said Laird of M^Gregour and his complices ; And of 
the tressonabill raising of fyre and burning of dyuerse houssis, within the boundis 
foirsaid, committit in the moneth of Feb. 1603. And siclyk,} for intercowmoning 
with the said Laird of M^Gregour and personis foirsaidis, his complices, that war at 
the said slaughter and heirschip, sen the committing thairof. And als, the said 
Patrik Gair M^Gregour being indyttit and accuset for the hounding out of his thre 
sones to the said ffeild, and murthouris and slauchters than committit vpone the 
said Laird of Lussis freindis ; And of Airt and pairt, red, counsall, foirknawledge 
assistance and ratihabitioune of the said murthouris and heirschippis ; And siclyke, 
for the ressett and intercowmoning with the Laird of M^Gregour and his complices 
that war at Glenfrune, and resetting of thame with the bludie hand, sen the tyme 
foirsaid of the said heirschip and slauchteris. 

* Duneira. ' Of the Roro family. ' Grassaiche. 



326 History of the Clan Gregor 

"assisa. 
Mungo Lyndsay of Ballull, Thomas Naper of Barriekynrayne 

Johnne Buchannane burges of Dum- Johnne Naper of Kilmahew, 

barten, 
Geoige Buchannane in Ladrische Johnne Sempill of Foulwoid 

Thomas Fallasdaille burgess of Dum- Robert Buchannane in Kippen 

barton, 
Constene Moirtoun, Robert Buchannane Waltersoune 

Hew Glen of Lynthillis, Dougall M^rlane in Mumagane 

Johnne Buntene of Ardoche, Walter Blair of Fynnech. 

Dauid Hadden (Haldene) Tutour of Glennageis. 

'< Verdict. The said Assye, all in ane voce, be the mouth of the said Robert 
Buchananne Waltersoune, fiand, pronuncet and declairit the saidis fyve persones to 
be ffylet, culpable and convict of the haill crymes aboue specifeit. 

" Sentence And thairfoir, the Justice-depute, be the mouth of Robert Scott, 
dempster of Court, decernit and ordanit the saidis persones to be tane to the 
gallouse of the Burrow-mure of Edinburghe, and thairupone to be hangit quhill 
they be deid ; and thair haill moveable guidis to be escheit and inbrocht to his 
hienes vse, as convict of the saidis crymes. 

" Theft— Resett of Laird of MacGregor— Field of Glenfrune, &a 

'* 1604. March 2. Malcolme M^ouU clerich (Chere, ue, Ciar) ^ in Innerlochlarg ; 
Duncan M*^fadrik V^^CouU Chere,* in Innerlochlarg, vnder the Laird of Tullibardin, 
Johnne M^Coull Chere, in the Bray of Balquhidder, and Neill M^Williame 
V^NeiU. 

" Dilaitit of certane poyntis of Thift ; and for intercowmoning with vmqle the 
I^ird of M*^Gregour, sen the Raid of Glenfrune, viz. 

" I. Malcolme M*^Coull Cleriche (Chere) ffor airt and pairt, and being on the 
grundis at the crewall Slauchter of vqle Hew Stewart serveand to my Luifl W^fc^ 
Athole ; committit threttie yeir syne or thairby. Item for Airt and pairt of the 
slauchter of vqle Patrik M^Gregour in Glenbokie ; committit in the moneth of Sep. 
1596. Item for geving of counsall to vqle the Laird of Makgregour, his kyn and 
freindis, to pas fordward aganis the Laird of Luse to Glenfrune and for convoying 
the said Laird of M^Gregour agaitward (on the way or gait) to the syd of Lochloun. 
afoir the ffeild ; And for airt and pairt of the slauchteris and heirschippis committit 
at Glenfrune be the said Laird of M^Gregour and his complices, in the moneth 
of Feb. 1603. Item, for the tressonabill Intercowmoning with the said Laird of 
M^regour, and Ressett of him and his freindis and pairtakeris that war at the 
ffield of Glenfrune, and geving of thame herbrie, help and supplie, in meit, drink, 
and bedding, wittinglie and willinglie, at dyuerse tymes, sen thai war denuncet our 
^ Second son of Malcolm chieftain of his tribe, and ancestor of Innerardaran. 
>Son of Patrick Roy MH:ou11 Ciar in Strathyre. 



Pitcairne's Criminal Trials 327 

souerane lordis rebellis and declairit tratouris, and sen his Majesties Proclama- 
tioune, inhibeidng all our souerane lordis leigis to intercowmone, ressett or gif 
countenance or schaw fauour to the saidis rebellis. 

" 2. Duncan M^fadrik V^Coull cheir, ffor airt and pairt of the slauchter of the said 
Patrik M^Gregour; committit in Sep. 1576. Item for geving of counsall to the 
Laird of MacGregour to pas fordward to the ffeild of Glenfrune aganis the Laird of 
Luse. and convoying him to the syde of Lochloune, agaitward, to the said ffeild. 
Item for wilfull Intercowmoning and geving of counsall to the Laird of M^Gregoure, 
and convening with him at dyuerse meittingis and conventiounes, had and keipit be 
him and his freindis, sen thai war denuncet his Maiesteis rebellis, for the murthour, 
slauchteris and heirschipis committit be thame at the said ffeild of Glenfrune, 
incontrair to his Majesties proclamatioune. 

"3. Neill M^Williame V^Neill, ffor the tressonabill Intercowmoning with the 
Laird of M^Gregour, his kin and freindis that war at the murthour and heirschipis 
in Glenfrune, and ressett of thame within his hous, and geving meit and drink to 
thame wittinglie and willinglie at dyuerse tymes sen thai war denuncet rebellis, &a. 

"4. And siclyk, Johnne M^ouU Cheire, ffor airt and pairt of the crewall 
Murthour and Burning of auchtene houshalderis of the Clanlawren, their wy ves and 
baimis ; committit fourtie sax yeir syne or thairby ; Item off airt and pairt of the 
Slauchter of vqle Hew Stewart, servand to my Lord of Athole ; committit threttie 
yeir syne or thairby;^ And in taking pairt with the ClanGregouris at the heirschip, 
committit the tyme foirsaid aganis the Tutour of Bofrak. Item for Intercowmoning 
with the Laird of M^Gregour and his complices that war at the ffeild of Glenfrune, 
sen thair denunciatioune ; and geving of conforte, supplie and freindschip to thame, 
contrair the tennour of the Proclamatioune. Item, for cowmone Thift, cowmone 
ressett of thift, outputing and inputing of thift fra land to land, fra cuntrey (to 
cuntrey), baith of auld and new. 

"Verdict. The Assyse, be the mouth of Mungo Lynsay of Ballull, chancellor, 
ffand, pronuncet and declarit the saidis Malcolme, Duncan and Neill to be fyUit, 
culpable and convict of the haill crymes and poyntis of Dittay aboue writtin ; And 
the said Johnne M^CouU Cheire to be clene, innocent and acquit of the saidis 
crymes. 

"Sentence. And thairfoir the said Justice-depute, be the mouth of Robert 
Scott, dempstar of Court, decemit and ordainit the saidis Malcolme M^Coull and 
Duncane MTadrik to be tane to the gibbet at the mercat croce of Edinbuighe, 
and thair to be hangit quhill thay be deid ; and all thair moveabill guidis to be 
escheit and inbrocht to his Maiesteis vse, as convict of the said crjrmes." 

From the " Black Book of Taymouth " :— 

"Item the said Sir Duncane (died 1631) m anno 1603 and 1604. hade great 
1 Of which he was acquitted. See Chapter xii. He was brother of Malcohn MK>)ull. 



328 History of the Clan Gregor 

weans with the Clangregoris at quhat tyme thay brunt to him the barronie of 
Monzie, the barronie of Cowledair and Tinnaif^ the tuelf pund land of Achalladar, 
the skaith quhairof extendit to ane hundreth thowsand markis; for the quhilkis 
hanous and intoUerabill factis eightene of the principallis of the Clangregour 
wer tane to Edinburghe, and ther wer hangit and quarterit; quhais names eftir 
followis — 

Alester Roy M^^Gregour of Glenschray (quho wes hung on ane pyn about 

ane eln heichar nor the rest), 
Gregor M*^Ewin V^Gregour in Moirinche,* 
Johne Dow M^Ewin his brother (tried on 17th Feb.), 
Duncane M^Allester Pudriche in Achatue, 
William oig MT^eill in Femay, 
Duncane V^AUester in Femay,* 

Duncane M*^Gregour V'^Neille in Ardewnak,* ^ 

Gregour M^regour V^Condochie in Roro,* 
Allester M^Ondochie V^Cleriche in Glengowlendie,* 
Attester M^'Ewin V^Condochie in Critgarrow (tried 17th Feb), 
Malcolme M^Coulgeir in Balquhidder (tried 2nd March), 
Duncane M^Gillepatrik V^Coulgeir thair (tried 2nd March), 
Johne M^^Cane V*^Gregour in Glenogill (tried 17th Feb.), 
Patrick Allachie McGregor in Corriechrankie, 
Allester M*^Gregor V*^Cane in Braiklie, 
Gregor M^icoU in Ardbeiche (tried 17th Feb.), 
Malcolm Oig V^Olchallume Oig V^^Dulcheir in Balquhidder,* 
Patrik M^Patrik Ammonache in Glenleidnek (tried on 17th Feb.). 

Besydis thir foirsaidis that wer hangit at the mercat cros of Edinburghe, thair wes 
sundrie otheris hangit thair and in other places, quhais names wes superfluous to 
wrett." 

The names marked with a * do not appear in the trials recorded in the previous pages, and may 
have been executed without trial. Several names appear later than the 20th January, and, there- 
fore, they could not be those executed the same day as Glenstray. 



List of MacGregors executed early In 1604 329 



List of MacGregors executed early in 1604, according 
TO preceding pages. 

1604. January 20 — Five persons executed. 

Allaster Roy MacGregor of Glenstray, seventh of his line, 

Captain and Chief of the ClanGregor. 
Patrick Aldoch (Aoladh) MacGregor, in Corriechrambie, 

younger brother of Duncan Abroch and grandson of Duncan 

Laddosach. 
William (oig) M^^Neill his servant, in Fernan, Loch Tay, son of 

No. 52.^ 
Duncan Pudrache M^Gregour, in Achtoo, Balquhidder, son 

of No. 4. 
Allaster MacGregor M^Kean (M^Ane), younger'^son of Gregor 

MacGregor of Brackly. He was second cousin of Patrick 

Aoladh.2 

1604, February 18 — Eleven persons executed. 

John Dow M^Ewin, second son of Ewin MacGregor, Tutor of 

Glenstray, No. 2. 
Duncan M^^Ean Cham V^Gregour, Tutor of Roro. 
Duncan V^^Allaster Vrek, in Feman, No. 55. 
Ewin M^Condochie Clerich, in Glengowlendie, probably son 

of No. 39. 
John Ammonache, in Kingart, probably son of Patrick Ammonach. 
Allaster M^Ewin V^Condochie, in Couldar (or in Critgarrows), 

probably Na 43. 
Gregour McNeill alias Cownache, probably No. 81. 
John M*^Kean (M^'Ane) MacGregor, in Glen Ogle. 

1 The numbers refer to List of 15S6, Chapter xvL 

' There appear to have been more MacGregors executed at the same time as Glenstray, but 
without trial. The " Black Book of Taymouth " mentions some names not tried till later, and 
other names which do not appear on the Trials. 

2 T 



330 History of the Clan Gregor 

Duncan Beg McGregor V^Coull Chere. 

Allester M^'Ewin V^Condochie, No. 43. 

John Dow M^Condochie V^Ewin, probably No. 71.^ 

1604. March i — Five persons executed. 

Neill MacGregor, in Mewie (Duneira). 

Patrick Gair MacGregor. 

Donald Roy MacGregor. 

Duncan MacGregor. 

Donald Grassaiche M^Cadanach. 

1604. March 2 — Four persons executed. 

Malcolm M^^CouU Clench (Chere), in Innerlochlarig, No. 29. 
Duncan M*^fadrich M^Coul Chere, in Innerlochlarig, under the 

Laird of Tullibardine. 
John M^CouU Chere, in the Brae of Balquhidder. 
Neill M^William V^Neill, son or brother of No. 52. 

^ Eleven MacGregors are stated to have been entered and all condemned to death, see page 338. 
Birrel only mentions nine executed on the i8th Feb., page 325. 



Chapter XXVII 

Genealogical 

ATTENTION must now again be turned to the Genealogy. The 
narrative in the '* Baronage " at the period after the executions con- 
sequent on Glenfruin falls into a very regretable error, asserting that the 
immediate successor of Glenstray was his illegitimate son. No such 
person appears in the "Records," and Ian dhu nan Lurach, Glenstray's 
brother, left three lawful sons, of whom Gregor, the eldest, eventually suc- 
ceeded as de facto Chief. The source of this serious mistake cannot now 
be discovered, but the circumstances giving rise to it must have been very 
credibly related, before Sir John MacGregor Murray could have adopted 
such a statement. 

For the better refutation of the error, the words of the *• Baronage " are 
here quoted : — 

*' Alexander Laird of MacGregor leaving no lawful issue and his 

brother John being killed at Glenfruin unmarried,^ the succession of this most 
ancient family jure sanguinis, most undoubtedly devolved upon Gregor, heir male 
in a direct line of John Laird of Macgregor No. 12. of these memoirs of whom 
afterwards. Soon after Alexander's death there was a meeting in the old church of 
Strathfillan, where in Gregorys absence the tribe called * Sliochd dhiul chier ' set up 
a Chief of their own in usurpation of his right ; of which Gregor who was a very 
fine darling fellow having intelligence ; hastened to the meeting and carried with 
him Gregor, a natural son of the last laird, a man of martial fire who had been bred 
in his family and was married to his (Gregor's) only daughter. Upon entering the 
Church he found the new elected Chief placed in a chair resembling a throne, above 
the rest ,* to him he immediately made up and throwing him under his feet, placed 
his son-in-law in the chair without any person daring to oppose, and he was there- 
after acknowledged Chief by the whole Clan except by his brothers-in-law when they 
came of age." 

As most Highland traditions are founded on fact, it is probable that 
^ This is an error^see next page. 



332 History of the Clan Gregor 

such a scene may have taken place ; although it does not match the 
ascertained circumstances at this time]; the period, the actors, and even the 
alleged cause, may all have been different, and no one is likely now to be 
able to cast any light upon it^ 

John dhu nan Lurag, or " Black John of the Mail-coat," mentioned in 
the list of the chief houses of the Clan as " Johnne dhu M^^Gregor, brother 
to the Laird M^Gregour," was a leading man in every fray. It is stated in 
the complaint made by Dalguise, 1602 (page 275), that " The said Johnne 
M^Gregour being in his own cradak in a rowme that he haldis of the Laird 
of TuUibardine," &a. This was the house or castle of Innis Gregor at the 
eastern end of Loch Voil, said to have been fortified on the land side by a 
fosse and drawbridge, and on the other three sides washed by the lake. 
The following account is from a memorandum taken down from the words 
of John Fergusson, a native of Stronvar, aged 60, in 18 17, by the Rev. 
Alexander MacGregor, minister of Balquhidder, in reply to questions 
written out by Sir John MacGregor Murray : — 

'^ Innis MhicGhrioghair on Loch Voil also called ' Geata 'n tuim bhain ' be- 
longed to John Dhu MacGregor who chased the Colquhouns at Glenfruin. There 
was a space between the island and the shore in the end of last century about six 
yards wide which space was filled up in 1762. It is said that a drawbridge con- 
nected the island with the mainland and the pillars of it could still be seen the end 
of the 1 8th century. John Fergusson 'remembers to have seen an old building 
there composed of lime and stone, and as it were a gentleman's House and place of 
defence.' It was 14 feet broad 60 feet in length within walls. He thinks the walls 
were 3 feet thick, he does not recollect how high the building was. He did not see 
any vault or arched room in it. The stones were afterwards used in filling up the 
intervening space between the island and the shore and in 181 7 some were taken to 
surround the Innis with a dyke." * 

At the conflict of Glenfruin John dhu was " killed by an arrow aimed 
by a stripling named M^Lintock, who succeeded in hitting him through 
the neck joint of his mail." 

^ John Dhu's sons being young at the time of his brother's decease, some confusion may then 
have arisen. In the ** Black Book of Taymouth " it is stated that Allaster Roy 'Meft no children 
bot ane dochter." This daughter may have been concerned in the dispute. 

^ In corroboration of the tradition of Innis Gregor it is stated that John dubh occupied the 2} 
merkland of Mekill Stronvar (exactly opposite this island on Loch Voil) as also the five merkland of 
Glenbaich (on Loch Earn side). — See Chapter xxi. 1598, Oct. 21. 



\ 
I 



Death of John dhu nan Lurag 333 

The following lines are from an old memorandum amongst the Edin- 
chip papers : — 

" By MacGregor's Bard at ye Battle of Glenfroon on seeing Lindsay of Bosville 
fall on the side of the Colquhouns. 

" Tiema bhun olla, 'sens olla mi chlai 
B'chiar dun toll a hoana 
'm foil moana na laL" 
" By Colquhoun's Bard on seeing John, brother of the Laird of MacGregor fall 
by the hands of M^Lintoch. 

'< Stappi hug u'n tante orst bhic an Landarig og 
Thug Ian duh nan Lurich lot, 
mac ur bhic Gregoir voir." 
The spelling of the above is not very intelligible, but the correct read- 
ing is conjectured to be as follows : — 

" Tigheama Bhunolla, 
'Cris olla mi chliaheamh 
Bu chiar dubh fuil a' choin 
Am poll-moine na laidh." 



'' 's tapaidh thug thu'n tionndadh ort, 
Mhic an Leanndaig oig 
Thuit Iain dubh nan Luireach, 
Mac ur Mhic Ghriogair mhoir." 
which may be thus translated : — 

" Lord of Bunolla 
And a woollen belt about his sword, 
Dark was the black blood of a dog, 
In a peat hag lying." 



" Quickly you gave a turn 
Young M*^Lintoch 

You gave a wound to Black John of the coat of mail 
The fresh son of MacGregor." 

John dhu MacGregor, according to the " Black Book of Taymouth," 
married a daughter of John Murray of Strowan, by whom he left three sons. 

I. Gregor, who appears"! to have been in the custody of Sir John 
Murray of TuUibardin after his father's death, and on whom devolved 
the succession to his uncle Allaster of Glenstray. 



334 History of the Clan Gregor 



, 2. Patrick, of whom the Laird of Grant had charge. 

3. Ewin, for whom John Murray of Strowan, his maternal grandfather, 
f was answerable.^ 

The death of Glenstray did not suffice to appease the wrath of those 

who desired the extermination of the ClanGregor. The " Baronage " gives 

^ a fair abstract of the general condition of affairs in the time of the above 

Gregor. 

; "This Clan continued to be cruelly harassed through means of Argyle the 

i Earl of Montrose chancellor, .... and of George Buchanan,^ Lord Privy Seal, 

who had much of the king's ear, and bore an ill will towards the MacGregors. 

I " To such a height of ferocity were matters carried, that a price being set upon 

the heads of the Clan by the Privy Council two of their enemies who had shared 

r considerably of their estates, got blood hounds with which they hunted them, de- 

vouring and mangling them wherever they were found. 

" But not only Glenurchy and the rest of that name employed themselves in this 
persecution, but all the Lords and Chiefs from the west to the north seas were 
enjoined to assist them ; so that it would have been impossible for one of them 
to escape had all their neighbours been spirited with the same zeal with those 
who had private views to their estates and possessions." 

Alan, Chief of the Camerons, being then under a state of outlawry and 
prescription for joining the Marquis of Huntly against the 

' " earl of Murray his estate became a prey to the neighbouring chiefs. Argyle had made 

, " himself master of the twenty pound land of Lochiel which Alan endeavoured to 

" recover the conditions were submitted to his Majesty, and Clanranald employed to 
" negotiate for Alan but the King would not hearken to any proposals of being 
" reconciled to Locheil, unless he would enter into an indenture with the Earl of 
" Argyle his lieutenant, and the Earl of Dunbar, Lord High Treasurer for extir- 
" pating the MacGregors, to which Alan having accordingly agreed his Majesty 
" was so well pleased with his compliance, that he wrote him a letter with his own 
'' hand ; in which after mentioning the conditions and ratifying the indenture 
" against the MacGregors, he orders him faithfully and diligently to prosecute the 
" same, until the final end thereof, in such form as you shall receive directions from 
" the Earl of Argyll our Lieutenant. 

" Pursuant to which there happened a fierce battle in the braes of Lochaber 
" between a body of the Camerons and Macdonalds, and the MacGregors seconded 
" by their allies, the Macphersons, in which the former were totally routed with 

1 See supra. 

' John Buchaxman, Baron of Bucklyvie, was killed at Glenfruin. 



( 



Death of Duncan Abroch 335 

'* considerable loss. And though Locheil and the other chiefs who had been in 
'' perpetual friendship with the MacGregors, soon penetrated into the interested 
" designs of their principal enemies, and instead of distressing, protected them 
" from their violence, yet so keen and powerful were the conductors of their de- 
" struction, that a very severe act was made against them in the succeeding reign, 
'' upon a narrative of the diction of those in possession of almost all their estates, 
" whereby their name was proscribed, and all persons at liberty to mutilate or slay 
'* them, without being liable to law therefor nay encouraged to it by promise of 
" their * moveables, goods, and gear.' 

" This barbarous law which is on record, made no distinction of age or sex, or 
" character ; five of their principal enemies, who had been raised upon their ruin, 
'' were for form's sake appointed their judges while all persons were encouraged at 
" short hand, to murder the MacGregors, whether greyhaired sires of many years, 
" or the little babes who knew not how to offend ; whether women or children ; 
" whether priests or laymen ; whether rich or poor ; whether innocent or guilty 
" and all this says the Act ' for the timeous preventing the disorder and oppressions 
" that may fall out by the said name and Clan of MacGregor and their followers.' 

'< In this situation the MacGregors continued till the solemn league and cove- 
" nant came into play, which as their principal enemies were deeply interested in, 
" afforded them some respite. They were much courted to join the confederacy, 
" upon promises of future friendship but as rebellion against Majesty had ever been 
" detestable to them and as they believed that the present purposes once served 
" the future friendship of the foederati would at best be lukewarm they declared 
" * That as they bore the crown upon the point of their swords, they could not fail 
" to use the latter in support of the former.' " 

1604. April. It appears from a subsequent trial in the Court of 
Justiciary seven years later that it was in this month a skirmish took place 
in which Duncan Abroch lost his life. The following account of the 
occurrence is from the " Black Book of Taymouth " : — 

" Attoure Robert Campbell second son of the said Sir Duncan (Campbell of 
Glenurchy), persewing ane great number of thame throch the countrie, in end over- 
tuk thame at Benetoeg ^ in the Brae of Glenurquhay, quhair he slew Duncane 
Abroch M^^Gregour with his sone Gregore in Ardchyllie, Dougall M^Gregour 
M^^Coulcheir in Glengyle with his son Duncane, Charlis M^^Gregour V^^Eane in 
Braiklie quha wer principallis in that band, with tuentie otheris of thair complissis 
slain in the chais." 

In the subsequent Record of Assize, given fully in 1611, it is noted 

that certain MacGregors were present 

^ A hiU (2712 ft.) two miles N.-W. of Loch TuUa, Glenorchyi Argyleshire. 



336 History of the Clan Gregor 

'^ At the fecht or skirmische of Bintoiche in ye moneth of Apryle 1604, and 
Dougall M^Gregour Clerache M^Gregour " was accused " for ye crewall slaughter of 
umqle Gregour sone to umqle Duncane Abroche M^Gregour be achuteing of him 
with ane arrow behind his back committit in August 1604." 

In Sir Robert Gordon's history of the Earldom of Sutherland, quoted 
previously for his account of the conflict of Glenfruin, the following notice 
of the fight at Bintoig (or Ranefroy) appears : — 

*'The King caused proclaim them (the MacGregors) rebeUs, directed com- 
mission and lettres of intercommuning against them forbidding any of his Ueges to 
harbor them. At last he employed the Earle of Argyle and the Campbells, who 
pursued them divers times ; and at Bintoig wher Robert Campbell (The Laird of 
Glenurquhie his sone) accompanied with some of the ClanChameron, Clanab, and 
Clanronald to the number of two hundred chosen men fought agamst thriescore 
(about one third the number of their opponents) of the ClanGregor in which con- 
flict tuo of the ClanGregor were slain, to wit Dimcan Aberigh (one of the chieftanes) 
and his son Duncan.^ Seaven gentlemen of the Campbell syd wer killed, though 
they seemed to have the victorie. So after much slaughter, many skirmishes and 
divers slights used against the Clangregor in end they subdued them by the death of 
many of them and their followers and no lesse if not far greater slaughter of the 
Campbells." 

From the " Chartulary " :— 

" Duncan Abroche of Ardchoille ' grandson of Duncan Ladosach had fled to 
Lochaber after the deaths of his father and Grandfather in 1552 he gave a Bond 
1576, he is not named in the list of persons denounced after the death of Drum- 
mondeamach (Feb. 4 1589), but his name appears Feb. i 1592, as living at Coirie- 
chairmich part of the lands included in those of Ardchoille, and he was one of 
sixteen principal persons of the ClanGregor cited to appear personally before the 
Council at Stirling ; again he and his brother Patrick are mentioned as ' Duncan 
Abroch and Patrick Aldoch McGregors ' proposed parties in a bond by Allaster 
McGregor of Glenstray to the Earl of Argyll as King's Lieutenant in the bounds of 
the ClanGregor 22. April 1601. and are stated, as about to be bound 'for them- 
seUfis and all descending or to descend of umqle Duncan Latois thair predecessor.' 

^ In the previous account of the skirmish of Bentoig from the *' Black Book of Taymouth," the 
name of the son of Duncan Abberach, slain with bim, is mentioned as Gregor, and in the subse- 
quent trial of a person for shooting a son of Duncan's in the back, the name is also given as that of 
Gregor, but as the month of August is there mentioned, it is possible that one son perished at Bin- 
toig and another a few months later by the shooting of an arrow. Duncan had a son by hi sf 
wife whose name is not mentioned in the " Baronage, " and who died young, but his other sons must 
have been of mature age in 1604, as Robert had a command at Glenfruin. * See page 168. 



Robert Abrach 337 



This bond however they did not sign. Patrick Aldoch perished with Glenstray, 
Jan. 1604.*** 

Returning to the " Baronage," mention has been already made ^ of 
Robert, 2nd son of Duncan Abberach XVII., a man of a rare martial 
genius. He laid the plan of attacking the Colquhouns in battle. The com- 
mand of a division was given to Robert, to whose gallant conduct much of 
the success of that victorious though unlucky day is attributed, and his 
sword is actually preserved to this day.^ His subsequent career is very 
interesting as it appears in the notices in State Records. Eventually, 
after a final submission in 1624, he was released from prison, August 1626, 
and delivered to Sir Donald M^Ky, Knight, to serve in the wars abroad 
under the charge of Count Mansfield, after which time nothing more is 
known of ** Robin Abroch." 

From the " Chartulary " :— 

'^ 1604. Feb. 10. Ane (royall) Lre : maid to James Murray^ fear of Strowane 
his aires and assignaries of the gift of the eschete of all guidis geir 81a,; quhilkis 
pertenit of before to vmqle : Johnne Dow M^gregour broyer germane to vmqle : 
Alester M^gregour of Glenstrae the tyme of his deceis. And now pertening to our 
Soverane Lord — ^thrw being of the said vmqle, Johnne Dow M^gregour ordourly 
denuncit rebell — for not finding cautioun and souirtie of his Mr and landlordis gif 
he ony had that war sufficient. And for failzing yairof vyer responsall personis that 
ha and all sic personis yat ar oblist to ansuer for be ye lawis of yis realme, actis of 
Parliament, and general Band sould keip his Maj, peax, gude reul and quyetnes 
And sould not invaid, truble, oppres, nor persew his hienes subiectis in yair 
persones, landis, &a. — Raster of the Privy Seal. 

« In this month messengers were sent with ' Letters from the Council ' to the 
'Erie of Argyle and Laird of Glenurquhay' also to persons in the Stewartrie of 
Stratheme and erldome of Athole to compeir befoir oure Souerane Lord Justice and 
his deputiis in the tolbuith of Edinburgh the 17. day of Feb. instant to pas upoun 

1 It IS a significant fact in confirmation of the claim of the Maclan Family to the seniority that 
the War Cry should be taken from their possession Ardchoille. — Chartulary. 

^ Chapter xvi., page 168. 

* This sword is in the possession of Sir Malcolm MacGregor of MacGregor having been handed 
down with the utmost care. It is mentioned in a letter from Colonel Evan Ma^egor Murray 
(Sir John MacGregor Murray's father) as " Old Duncan Ladosach.'* The tradition is that it was 
borne at Glenfruin, when it appears to have been used by Robert Abroch, and a letter firom Duncan 
MacGregor of MacGregor to his nephew, implies that " Duncan Abberigh ** was not himself in 
action at Glenfruin. 

^ Brother of John Dhu MacGregor's wife. See page 333. 

2 U 



33^ History of the Clan Gregor [1604 

the assyes of certane of the M^gregour. also to persons within the Stewartrie of 
Monteith and ye bounds of Lennox accordingly. 

"1604. Feb, 17. In the Court of Justiciary of our Supreme Lord the King, 
held in the Judgement Hall of Edinburgh 17 Feb. 1504. by Mr William Hairt of 
Adielands (misnomer for Levilands). — ^Justiciary Depute." 

Entered 11 MacGregors who were all condemned to death. See 
Chapter xxvi., pages 323 and 329. 

" 1604. March. A payment made by command of the Secreit Counsall for the 
apprehension and ' presenting befoir yame of Dowle Oig M^regor quha yairefter 
was execute to ye deid.' — ^Treasurer's Books. 

"Item to Robert Elder messenger passing from Edinburgh and with Letters to 
charge the said M^Intosche (viz. Lauchlane M^Intosche of Dunnachtan) to exhibit 
before the said Lords of Secret Counsel the day foresid (10. April) of certane 
McGregors quha ar reteirit with their wifes, bairns, and guids to rest within his 
bounds and likewise to exhibit certain others of his own broken men to underlie 
such order as shall be prescribed to them at their coming under the pain of 
rebellion. — Treasurer's Books. 

'' 1604. April 17. Heiring the treacherie of ye tyrranus persones of ye name of 
Clangregor and fyreing of the toun (of Dumbarton) be yame Thairfore it is statut 
and ordanet yt the town be devydit in aught pairts and ilk aucht pt to vacht ane 
nycht The vaches to be arranit and placeit nytly by ye quartare Mrs chosen be 
the Baillies And quha keeps nocht vache according to ye Baillies ordinance to wit 
giff he be at hame himself And in his absence ane sufficient man, to pay fourties. 
for his diisbedience and the saym to be payit to the vacheis And yt the Baillies 
chies aucht quartare masters. Item yt na dwellers in this town ressave ony 
strangers puir or rich wiout making the Baillies forsein under the paine of fourties 
the two pts to the town the third to the Baillies. 

" 1604. April. Letters charging Alex. Colquhoun of Luss, Buchanane of that ilk 
Aulay M^Aulay of Ardincaple, Robert Galbraith of Culcreuch Sempill of 

Foulwode, The Laird of MTarlane and Andrew Dow M^Farlane of Gartavertane 
and all others barons and landed gentlemen within the bounds of Lennox to convene 
and meet within the burgh of Dunbarten and agree upon the setting out of their 
watches and the form and manner of their entertainment and to set out the said 
watches betwix and the sixth day of April instant under the pain of Rebellion. 

— ^Treasurer's Books. 

" Item to messenger passing from Edinburgh with letters to be proclaimed 

at the market crosses of Stirling, Dunbartane, Perth, and Stewartries of Stratheme, 
and Menteith charging all our Sovereign Lords Lieges within the said bounds to 
raise the shout and fray upon the MacGregors whenever they happen to repair 
within their bounds And to rise, hunt, follow and pursue them forbearing to 
grant them any support under the pain to be repute pairt takers with them And with 
letters. 



i6o4] Sundry Transactions 339 

" 1604. June. Item to David Lindsay keiper of the Tolbooth of Edinburgh at 
the commandment of the Lords of Council for entertaining of eleven pledges of the 
M^regors from the lo, day of May to the i, day of July to the space of fiftyone 
days every one of them having in the day 13 shillings and 4 pence of allowance 
Inde;^374. — ^Treasurer's Books. 

''1604. July 13. The Baillies and Council of Dunbretan 'concludit and 
ordanit that the Laird of MacGregor's heid wy Patrik Aulddy his heid be put up in 
the Tolbuith on the maist convenient place the Baillies and Council thinks 
gud.'" 

Strainge custom of the times, when men were so familiar with bloodshed 
and its ghastly emblems, these gentle citizens probably thought themselves 
less barbarous than Glenstra when driven to take upon him *' MacAlpin's " 
fearful vow. 

"1604. August 3 at Perth. Alexander Buchannane^ in Strathyre, Robert 
M^coU, Johne Malcolme, and Patrik Buchannane, his sons, That whereas according 
to our Acts of Parliament made against the Clangregour anent the changing of 
their names The said complainers have presented themselves. Renounced their 
former names of MacGregor and have found sufficient and responsible cautionrie 
&a. — Homings of Perth, General Register House, Edinburgh. 

"August 31. Act anent the benefit for taking of MacGregors extended in 
favour of Camstradden. 

" Anent the Supplication presented to the Lords of Secret Council by John 
Colquhoun^ fear of Cumstrodden making mention that whereas eftir the horrible 
and detestable murther committed be the wicked and unhappy Clangregor upon 
his Majesties good subjects of the Lennox His Highness and Lords of his Secret 
Council resolved altogether to extirpate and root out that infamous race and for the 
better effectuating thereof Acts and Proclamations were published promising a free 
pardon and remission to whatsomever person or persons who should take, slay, or 
present to Justice ane of the said Limmers As in the said Acts published over all 
parts of this Kingdom at more length is contained And considering thereby the 
sincerity of his Majesties haste to have these infamous limmers punished, and 

A See No. 85, List of 1586, AUaster M^Robert (Moir) MacGr^or in Strathyre, and his sons. 

^ Although Cumstrodden captured two MacGregors, and claimed a reward for the same, few of 
the Colquhouns kept up the enmity, which shews that the quarrel could only have been of recent 
origin, and Sir John MacGregor Murray makes the following remarks in private MS.: — '' To the 
honour of the £unily of Colquhoun it may be said that, for from participating in or countenancing 
the subsequent oppressions of the MacGregors, carried on by interested neighbours, the Colquhouns 
naturally did not posses themselves of any of their lands, but actually protected many of the Clan, 
and some of the most respectable tenants on the Estate of Colquhoun at this day are MacGregors 
under the name of Colquhoun, assumed for protection and retained from gratitude." 



340 History of the Clan Gregor [1604 

being moved therewithal! to give his Majesty proof of his affection to his 
Majesty's service in that errand the said complainer to the great peril and hazard of 
his life resolved to pursue them with his whole force and after many skirmishes and 
onsets had at sundry times with diverss of them at last he made an onsett on 
umquhill Gregor Cragniche M^Gregor,^ Duncane M^lchallum ' and certain others of 
the most common and notorious thieves of all that name. And after a long and 
dangerous conflict had with them with the loss of the blood of certain of the 
complainers' servants he apprehended them, committed them toward, within the 
which the said Duncane barbarously stabbed himself whose head with the said 
Gregor Cragniche he presented to the said Lords of Secret Council at Stirling who 
was executed to the deid as he worthily merited, and seeing in this particular the 
said Complainer for a testimony of his affection to do his Majesty's service has 
hazarded his life and presented the said persons as said is, the benefit of the said 
Act ought to be extended to him and in his favours Humbly desiring therefore that 
he might have an act of council past and expede in his favour in manner and to 
the effect following &a. — Haddington's MS. Collections in Advocate's Library, 
Edinburgh. 

"August 29. Andro Ramsay at the milne of Innerqueich against Argyle to 
present Allaster M^AUaster McGregor and Johne M^£win McGregor for theft — 
Register of Hommgs." 

In the Comptroller's account for the year is the following entry : — 

** Item for the wagis of certain horse hyrit to carry XVI of the M^^Gregouris fra 
Linlithquew to Edinburgh within the tyme of this compt" 

'' Letter from the King to the Earl of Montrose 1604 Oct : 3. 

"To our right trustie and wellbelouit counsellour the erle of Montroiss chan- 
cellour and remanent erlis lordis and vther of our counsale of estait in the kingdome 
of Scotland. 

" Marginal title ' Makgregouris, Erie of Aigyle's rewarde.' 

" (Dated) From our honour of Hamptonn the thrid of October 1604. 

" As for the M^Gregours we signified our pleasure that the Earl of Argyle 
should either prosecute the service according to the first condition, Like as we are 
willing that he should be assured of the reward appointed, or else that he should 
put matters under assurance till Martinmas, betwix and which time by advice of 
the Commissioners and such others of the Council as are here we shall certify our 
mind concerning the said Earl's last petition, we would be glad that he should end 
the service and enjoy his reward for so is his meaning, that freely and honourably 
he should have it, but if we be frustrated and the country wrackit, we will be 
compelled to deal otherwise with him than we should wish his behaviour should 



procure." 



* No. 40, List of 1586. » Probably No. 50. 



i6o4] MacGregor of Roro 341 

This letter from the King to the Scottish Council in Record of Council 
was copied into the Earl of Haddington's Collections. 

*' 1604. Oct 39. Homing Apud Perth, Pursuers, Tenants of Sir David Lindsay 

of EdzdL against Findlay M^Lauchlan V^omes in Ewin Dow M^ondoquhie 

in Camescherachlie, Allaster M^£an Dowie Rannoche, Donald M^Innesche M^Inroy 
in Glentrone (Glentrumie) in Badzenoch Makgillipatrik M^neshin Crathly (Crathie) 
in Rannoche Johnne Tarlachsoun M^Lauchlan, servitor to James Glass 8i John 
M*^Allaster Gregour servitor to Duncan M^^Gregour .... Johne M^^Lauchlan 
M^omes tenant to the said James Glass M^Findlay M^obert tenant to the Laird 
of Grant Johne M^ondochie Toundowie in Rannoche all 'brokin heilland men' 
for theft." — Register of Homings for the shire of Perth. 

It may here be mentioned that a tradition exists that Stewart, Earl of 
Londonderry, is descended from the ClanGregor. Sir John MacGregor 
Murray remarks : — 

" MacGregor of Ardnaconnell is said not to have been in the Battle (Glenfruin), 
but he found it difficult to maintain his estate in peace, and being in the habit of 
intimate friendship with his neighbour, MacAulay of MacAulay, who had an estate 
in Ireland called Bally Law, he exchanged it with MacGregor of Ardnaconnell, who 
went to Ireland, where he assumed the name of Stewart, and the belief in the 
country is that he was the ancestor of the fiamily of Londonderry." 

The well-known and beautiful song, " MacGregor of Roro," is said to 
have been composed about this time, and is here given from ''The 
Killin Collection of Gaelic Songs," by (late) Charles Stewart, Tigh 'n Duin, 
Killin. 

After the fight at Glenfruin, when the Chief and fifteen of the principal 
men of the Clan were executed, amongst the number was "Gregour 
MacGregour M^Indochie in Roro." " On the sad news reaching Glenlyon 
this lament was composed, but by whom is not known." 



342 History of the Clan Gregor 



MagGriogair 'o Ruaru. 

1 Tha mulad, tha mulad, 

Tha mulad, ga'm lionadh ; 
Tha mulad bochd, truadh onn 
Nach dual domh chaoidh dhlreadh. 

2 Mu Mhac-Griogair a Ruaru, 

D' am bu dual bhi 'n Gleann-Liobhunn, 
Mu Mhac-Griogair n'am bratach 
Dha 'm butar tarach pioban. 

3 Ga'm bu shuaicheantas giubhas 

Ri bruthach ga 'dhir eadh, 

Crann caol air dheadh locradh, 

'S ite dhosrach an fhir-eoin. 

4 Crann caol air dheadh shnai theadh, 

Cuid do dh' aighear mhic Righe ; 
Ann an laimh dheadh Mhic Mhuirich, 
Ga 'chumail reidh direach. 

5 Ge do bhuail e mlmba-looch, g 

Gu m' ghearan cha bhi mi ; 
Ge do dhean iad orm-eu-cour, 
A thi {6in co 'ni dhioladh. 

6 'S luchd a ghabhail mo leithsgeil, 

Anns a chaibeil so shios uam ; 
Luchd a sheasamh mo chorach 
Is e mo lebn iad bhi-dhi onn. 

7 Mo chomh-dhaltan gaolach. 

An leaba chaol 's an ceann iosal ; 
Ann an leinne chaoil anairt, 
Gun bhannan gun siod' oirr*. 

8 'S nach d' iarr sibh ga fuaigheal 

Mnaithean uaisle na tire, 
Ort a bheirinse comhairle 
Na 'n gabhadh tu dhiom e. 



Lament 343 



MacGregor of Roro.^ 

1 There is sorrow, deep sorrow, 

Heavy sorrow down-weighs me ; 
Sorrow long dark forlorn, 
Whence nothing can raise me. 

2 Yea my heart is filled with sorrow, 

Deep sorrow undying 
For MacGrigor of Roro 
Whose home is Glenlyon, 

For the bannered MacGrigor 

So bravely who bore him, 
With the roar of the war-pipe 

Loud thundering before him. 

3 His emblem the pine tree 

On mountain-side swinging ; 
His trim tapered arrows 
The true bird was winging. 

4 Trim shafts that a king's son 

Might glory in bearing; 
From MacMurdoch's strong hand 
Home they sped, how unerring. 

5 Now I will not complain 

Though a coward should smite ; 
Should they wrong and outrage, 
Oh heaven who shall right me? 

6 Tis my pain they are not here 

Whom living nought ailed me : 
East in yon chapel lie 
The true hearts that ne'er failed me. 

7 Their fair heads are low. 

My dear foster brothers ; 
Them the scant linen shroud 
In strait bed barely covers, 

8 Linen shroud with no bands 

Nor silk tassels made ready. 
Nor sewed by the fingers 
Of nobly bom lady. 
^ The beautiful old air is given in appendix. 



344 History of the Clan Gregor 



9 Nuair a tbeid thu'n tigh-osda 
Na 61 ann ach aon deoch ; 
Gabh do dhnuna na dbheasamh, 
'Us bi freasd' lach mu d' dhaoineadiL 

xo Na dean diuihadh mu d' shoitheadh. 
Gabh an ladar no 'n taoman ; 
Dean am (aoghar do' gbeamhradh, 
"S dean an semhndh do 'n fhaofltich. 

IX Dean do leaba 's na creagaibh 
'Us na caidil ach aotrom ; 
Ge h-aineamh an fheong, 
Gheabhar se61 air a fiuxlainn. 

la Ge h^neamh an fheorag, 

Gheabhar seol air an faodainn ; 
Ge h-uasal an t-sheobhag 
Is trie a ghabhar le foill L 

13 Tha mulady tha mulad, 

Tha mulad ga m' lionadh ; 
Tha mulad bochd truadh orm 
Nach dual domh chaoidh dhireadh. 



MacGregor of Roro 345 



9 Now a rede I would rede thee. 
And thereon well think thou ; 
When thou goest to the hostel 
But a single cup drink thou. 

10 Stand and drink ;— of the men 

That are round thee be wary ; 
Be it bale-dish or ladle 

Drink it down nothing chary. 

11 Make winter as autumn 

The wolf days as summer ; 
Thy bed be the bare rock, 
And light be thy slumber. 

12 For though scarce be the squirrel, 

There's a way got to find her ; 
Though proud be the falcon 
There are deft hands can bind her. 

13 There is sorrow, deep sorrow, 

Heavy sorrow down weighs me ; 
Sorrow long dark, forlorn, 
Whence nothing can raise me. 



2 X 



[i6o5 



Chapter XXVIII 



Tj^ROM the « Chartulary " :— 

" 1605. March. Item be commandement of the Lords of counsall to David 
Lindsay Keeper of the Tolbuith of Edinburgh for the entertainment of the pledges 
of the M^Gr^ors fra the i. day of July 1604 to ye day of yr executioim. 

" 1605. April 19. The Secret Council ordain that 'whoever' should present to 
it any of ' the M^Gregouris quik (alive) or failing thereof his heid ' shall have a 
nineteen year lease of all 'Lands roumes and possessions belonging to the 
said M^regouris' or else a compensation 'for their kindness' to be paid by 
the Landlord at the modification of the Council 

" In a letter dated April 20, from the Earl of Dunfermling to the King mention 
is made ' And has tayne some resolutounes with my lord Eigyll concerning 
the persute of the M^Gregouris, whilkes hiull proceedinges I haiff written mair 
particularlye to my Lord of Berwick. 

" Sep. 30. Homing Buchanans ^ in Strathyre against Allaster M^ondoche vie 
fatrik in Strathyre Duncan and John M^Kirrist vie Condochie his sonis, Allaster 
sone to umqle Walter Stewart yair, Patrik cowle M^Gregour yair, molestation and 
oppression. — Register of Homings, Perth. 

"1606. Dec 23. at Edinbiurgh. Sederant Commissionaire Chancellair 
Cassilis, Kinghome, Ochiltree, Roxburgh, Blantyre, Bishop of Dunkeld Aduocat, 
Collector Bruntlland, Quhittinghame, foisterhait Sir George Douglas, Clerk of 
Register. Anent the Clangregour Forasmuch as albeit the course which was taen 
for exterminioun of the wicked and theivish race of the ClanGregour, has been miti- 
gated and some oversight and permission granted unto them to live in the country 
and to enjoy the breath of their natural air upon hope that they moved with a hatred 
and detestation of their former evil life should have conformed themselves to his 
Majesty's obedience and studied by their good and peaceable behaviour, to 
have buried and put in oblivion their former mismle and insolence. Nevertheless 
the Lords of Secret Council are surely informed that the said MacGregor has b^gun 
to renew their former misdemeanours not only by committing of Stouths, reiffs, 
soming, and oppressions upon his Majesty's peaceable good subjects but by 
ravishing and forcing of women and other odious and detestable villainies not 
^ Probably the £emiiily of MacGregois who had adopted this name. See page 339. 



i6o5-6] Sundry Charges 347 

worthy to be heard of in a Country, subject to a Prince who is armed with power 
and force sufficient to repress and extirpate such an infamous byke of insolent 
lymmers and to the effect that the truth of these informations may be the 
better known and some solid and good course tane for remedy of these evils 
and preventing the farther growth of the insolence of these lymmers. Necessary it 
is that the noblemen, barons, and gentlemen of the bounds next adjacent to such 
lymmers be heard and such overtures as they can make, and give in, anent 
this mater be considered and embraced accordingly for which purpose ordains 
letters to be direct chairging Johnne Earl of Tullibardine, James Lord Ogilvie of 
Airly, James Lord Inchaffray, Sir Duncan Campbell of Gleniuxjuhy &a. &a. to com- 
peir personally before the Lords of Secret Council upon the 13. day of Jan. next to 
give their best advice and opinion how the misrule and insolence of the said 
lymmers may be suppressed and the country freed of their farther trouble, under 
the pain of rebellion." 

It has been already observed^ that from the 28th February 1603 to the 7th 
August 1606, two entire folio volumes of the original minutes of the Privy 
Council are missing, having disappeared, according to Professor Masson's 
Introduction to the now published Register, " before the middle of the last 
century." In the publication mentioned, all other information as to the 
period missed out has been most carefully gathered together, but it is 
satisfactory to find how well Mr MacGregor Stirling had anticipated these 
labours as far back as sixty years ago. Any excerpts taken from Pro- 
fessor Masson's Collections instead of from Mr MacGregor Stirling's MS. 
will be acknowledged as so quoted. 

" 1605. The Earl of Ergyle has charged M^Larrane to appear before 

the Council this day, viz, 27. June instant, to answer for his resetting the following 
and others of the ClanGregour upon day of in his own house in Blar- 

quharry, viz. Duncan Phadrik Aldoch,^ Patrik M^^Gregor his brother, Johnne 
M^Eanes in Glenogill and Braggane M^Gildoych, and also for passing with them 
to the dwelling house of ... . M^Gillip ^ in . . . . and taking away the whole 
goods in the said house. The Earl not appearing, M^Tarrane being present, 
protests that he shall not be held to answer for them till again warned ; and the 
Lords admit the protest. — Masson. 

" 1606. This year was in Scotland remarkable for a general pestilence both in 
town and country. All the Judicatories of the Kingdom were deserted except the 
Secret Council which met at intervals for a day at most, ' to keipe ' as stated by the 

^ Fide page 300. ' Son of Patrick Aulach. 

* The Fiddler, M^Killipe in Dalney (Glenartney ?) vide page 324. 



34^ History of the Clan Gregor [1606-7 

Lord Chancellor Earl of Dunfermline to his Majesty ' some &ce and countenance 
of order and government' 

" 1607. Jan 7. Letter from the Earl of Dunfermline to the King * In the 
Hielandis the M^Gregours afiEdrses lyis owir partlie be the seasoun of the year, and 
pairtly be mylord of Ergyle's absence, whom we looke daylie for.' 

" 1606. Sep. 10. At the Doune of Menteith the tenth day of Sep. The quhilk 
day in presence of ane noble and potent Lord Archibald Erlle of Ergylle Lord 
Campbell and Lome, &a. his Majesties Lieutenant and commissionair over 
the Clangraigour constitute be act of secrite counsalle to chairge thaim be his 
awine precept to compeir befoir him quhen and quhair he sail appoint with power 
to grant respettis, and remissiounis to samony of the said surname of M^Gregour as 
will renunce thair awin sumamis and find caution to be ansuerable and obedient to 
his Majestis and his Hynes lawis in tymes coming for pacefeing of the heylandis and 
pairtis next adjacent thairto conforme to the tenour of the Act of Parliament haldin 
in July 1683. as the said act of Secrete counsalle of the date At Perth the ii July 
1606 zeirs instant mair fullie proportis Personalie compeirit the personis vnder- 
written descendit of the race and surname of M^Grigour ; Thay ar to say 

Archibald M^Donche V^Allester and tuke upoun (him) selff the surname of 
Stewart, 
and siklike personallie compeirit 

Gregour M^Patrik the surname of Dougall 

Allaster M^Ewne V^Grigour the surname of Stewart, 

Galium M*^Grigour Dow the surname of Dougall 

Neil M^Grigour V^Eane V^Grigour Grant 

Gregour M^rigour Dow bruthir to the said Galium Dougall 

Johnne Dow M^Grigour V^Eane Grant 

Duncan M^Robert Dougall 

Duncane M^patrik V^ean in Cadderlie Grant 

Johne M^dougallowir Dougall 

Johne Dow M^donche bain V^b V*^grigour Cunynghame 

Dougall Chaiche Dougall 

Allaster M^donche bain Cuningham 

Johne M*^William M^Gregour Dougall 

Duncane na glen M^Grigour tuke to him the surname of 

Patrik MMonche na glen tuke to him the surname of 

And all the foirsaidis personis sweir that in all tymes comming that they sail call 
themselfis and thair baimis efter the surmamis respective abone written and use the 
samyn in all their doingis vnder the paine of deid to be execute upoun thame 
without favour or any of thame incaice thay failzie in the premissis. And siklyk 
the said Erie of Ergylie voluntarilie become actit^ and obleist as cautioner and 



i6o6-7] MacGregors adopt other Surnames 349 

suirtie for the personis vnder written vnder the pecuniall panes efier specifeit 
viz. for the saidis 

Archibald M^Donche Gregour M*^Patrik 

. Galium M*^Grigour Duncane M*^Robert 

Patrik M^Patrik Abdoche ( Aldbche ?) Duncane na Glen, 

vnder the pane of 500 merkis and for the saidis 

Allaster M^^Ewin Neill M'^Grigour 

Johne Dow Duncane M^Patrik 

Johne Dow M*^donche bain Dougall Chaiche 

Allaster M^donche bane Patrik MMonche na Glen 

vnder the pane of thrie hundredth merkis and for the saidis 

Grigour M^rigour * Galium Bain M^Grigour our 

vnder the pane of twa hundreth merkis and for the said Johne M^Dougall 
vnder the pane and hundreth merkis all Scottis money That the saidis personis and 
everie ane of them sail in all tymes coming behave themselffis as dewtifuU and 
obedyent subiecties to our Souerane Lord and that themselffis and all sik personis 
as thay are obleist to ansuer for be the lawis of this realme and general Band sail 
observe and keip our Souerane Lordis peace guid reule and quietnes in the cuntrey 
and nawyse trouble, invaid, molest, nor opres his heynes subiectis by ordour of law 
and justice vndir the pecuniall panes abone written to be payit to the saidis princi- 
pallis and cautionaries bot for ane failzie or ane contraventoun allenarlie conforme to 
the concurrence, sence, and meining of the said act of Secret Counsall. And the 
saidis personis having interchangeit and renuncit thair surnames and now callit 
thame selfiis eftir the surnames abone written, band and obleist them frie relief and 
skaithles kdp, the said Erll yair cautionair of ye premiss and of all yhat may result 
yairvpoun And for the mair faithfull observing of the premiss the saidis principall 
and cautionair ar content and consentis that thir pnts (pointis) be actit and regrat 
(registered) in the buikis of our Souerane Lordis secrete counsaJe and sheff (Sheriff) 
buikis of Eigyle alternative ad perpetuam rei memorium to have the strenth of ane 
Decree of the saidis Lordis and Sheriff be interponing thair aucleis rexus heirto with 
all exellc necessary to follow heirvpoun in forme sa effeiris and the homing to be 
vpoun ane simple chairge of ten days allenarlie and for registratioun heirof consti- 
tutis &a thair pro : coiunctlie seuerallie In witness of ye qlk 

thingis written to Mr James Kirk Shef Depute foirsaid Before thir witnes 
Johne Erll of TuUibardin 
Harie Stewart of Sanctcolme 
Alexander Schaw of Cambsmoir 
James Dog fear of Dunrobin 
Willm ; Stirling of Achyll. — Luss Papers." 

This paper is quoted verbatim by Mr MacGregor Stirling as above. 



3 so History of the Clan Gregor [1606 

The diflferent sums under which diflferent men were bound is remark- 
able. 

Sir William Fraser in the " Chiefs of Colquhoun " alludes to an Act of 
the Secret Council dated at Perth, nth July 1606, by which Archibald 
Earl of Argyle was appointed 

'' To charge them by his own precept fo appear before him when and where he 
should appoint with power to grant respites and remissions in favour of such of them 
as would renounce their own surnames, and find caution to be and obedient 
to his majesty's laws in time coming/' 

Allusion is then made to the meeting at Downe of Menteith, but it is 
not given at length. 

From Register of the Privy Council, by Dr Masson : — 
" Privy Council Papers. 1607 (?). 

" His Majestie at the first advertisment of M^Gregouris apprehensioun maid 
promise to give the Erie of Ergyle ane worthie reward, to remayne heretablie with 
him and his aires heirafter. Seing now nocht only is the said M^Gregour appre- 
hendit and delyverit, bot the greite pairt of all that clan and the best and choicest 
men of thame, quha micht haif bein maist fearit, ar at commandiment, na doubt his 
Majestie wilbe moveit to continew that his resolutioun, and augment the rewaird 
rather than impaire the same in onyway, respect being had that, in procureing of 
this wark, the said Erie of Ergyle hes not only bein driven to intollerable toyll and 
payne in his awin persoun, bot also hes bestowit huge and greit sowmes of money, 
als Weill in levieing of men as in particuler rewairdes to sum persones to effectuat 
this turne. 

" The mater demandit is the gift of the landis of Kintyre ; quhairin it wald be 
rememberit how small or na proffeitt thay evir importeit to the King, his Majestie 
often tymes being driven to put the cuntrey to greitar chairges in the space of thrie 
or four yeir forgetting in of die rent thairof, quhilk is nocht greit, than mycht haif 
doubled the pryce and utter valew of the haill land. 

^' The dispositioun of it to the Erie of Ergyle will embark him in actioun aganis 
the Clan Donald, being the strangest piUer of all the broken hieland men, quha 
nevir in any aige wer civill, bot hes bein the scoolmaisteris and fosteraris of all 
barbaritie, savaignes, and crueltye, — hes evir from the beginning bein addictit nocht 
only to rebellioun within this continent land and the iles, bot evir wer assisteris of 
the northeme Irische people, dwelling in Ireland, in all thair rebellionis. Now, 
this nobleman in actioun of blude being enterit with the said Clan Donald, nocht 
only will he procuire thair ruitteing out and utter suppressing, bot upoun that same 
respect will evir be ane feir to those in the northe of Ireland to rebell, haveing ane 



i6o7] Argyles Reward for his Deeds 351 

enemye lyand sa neir to thame ; quha, besydes that dewty, quhilk as ane nobleman 
and his Majesties subject he is bund unto, will, upoun his former embarking aganis 
the said Clan Donald, preis be all meanis to supres thair doingis. Quhairin the 
difficultye may be considerit quhilk the said Erll of Ergyle will haif in the removeing 
of that mischevous Clan, quhais actionis deservis na les than thair utter extirpatioun 
and ruiting out, thay being of nowmeries sa mony and of sa greit freyndschip that 
hardlye without greit bluide this tume may be eifectuat ; and, sa lang as the said 
Clan Donald remaynes unremoveit furth of the saidis landis, his Majestie nor na 
utheris sal half any proffeit, and the uncivilitie and barbaritie sail continew nocht 
only thair bot in the lies. 

"The Erie of Ergyle himself had the foirfaltour of thir same landis of Kintyree, 
the iles of Iky, Jura, Coloula, Sunward, and Ardwa, all offerit unto him for 



ml 

ten erkis, the saidis landis of Kintyre skairse ansuering to the fyifte pairt of the 
haill ather in valew or yeirlie proffeit, sua that the present demandit rewaird is baith 
meane and ressonable, — the landis of Kintyire being mair proper in his persoun 
than in the persone of any uther subject, be ressoun he is heretabill Justice, 
Colonel], and Chamberlane, and his Lordshipis predicessouris had heretabill infeft- 
ment of the landis thameselffis disponeit by King James the Fourth of worthie 
memorye." 

" I. There is no date to this paper, 1617 : Acta Pari. Scot. iv. 559-560), the 

nor any indication who was the writer, present paper must have been written 

Evidently, however, it is written in the before that date. It may even have 

interest of the Earl of Argyle, urging been written in some year earlier than 

the Earl's claims on his Majesty for 1607 ; for the opening paragraph might 

some reward for his services against be read as implying that the appre- 

the ClanGregor ; &, as the suggested hension of the chief of the MacGregors 

reward, — an infeftment of the Earl in and the crushing of his clan were rather 

the Lordship of Kintyre, — did not come recent events in the writer's mind. It 

till 30th. May 1607 (see Ratification of may have taken time and argument to 

the infeftment by the Parliament of bring about the desired result." 

1607, in July, King James VI. granted to the Earl of Argyll ^ and his 
heirs part of the lands and lordship of Kintyre in reward for his services 
against the ClanGregor. The following royal letter addressed to David 
Murray, Lord Scone, his Majesty's Comptroller, is given in " The Chiefs of 
Colquhoun " from the original in the Argyll Charter Chest : — 

1 The '* m " is above the line, as in the original. 
' For the Earl's claims, see previous page. 



352 History of the Clan Gregor 

"Jambs R. 

" Dauid Lord of Scoone, our Comptrollaie, we great yow wde : Forasmeikle as, 
in consideratioun and recompance of the goode and noble seniice done to ws be our 
richt trusty and weilbeloued cousing and counsallour, Archibald £rll of Aigyle, 
Lord Campbell and Lome, against that insolent and weikit race of the ClanGregour 
notorious lymneris and malefactouris, specialie in the inbringing of the Larde of 
Macgregour, and a nowmer of the principallis of that name, quhillds wer worthilie 
executed for their transgressionis, and for reducing of a goode nowmer of vthers of 
that Clan and thair associattis, to our obedience, we ar gratiuslie pleased to bestow 
vpoun our said cousing sameikle of our landis and lordship of Rintyre, as will 
amount in yearlie rent to twentie chalder of victuall, heretabillie to him and his 
airis, togidder with the sowme of twentie thowsand merkis Scottis money, to be 
payit to him at Martimes nixt 

" Gevin at our Courte in Whytehall, the nyntein of July 1607, 

"DUMBARK." 

From the " Chartulary " :— 

" 1607. May. In May the order prohibiting all his Majesty's subjects except 
the guards, to wear guns and pistols was put in execution under penalty of 
imprisonment and fines. — Balfour's 'Annals,' ii. 21. 

" 1607. August II. The parliament decreed to the Earl of Aigyle the twenty 
chalders of victual of the few farms of Kintyre according to the above letter from 
the King.— Mr MacGregor Stirling. 

" 1609. Jan. 5. at Edinburgh. Charge against the Earl of Tullibardin. 

*| Forasmuch as the Lords of Secret Council are informed that John Earl of 
Tullibardin has lately taken and apprehended Allan oig M^Intnach in Glenco a 
common and notorious thief, murderer, somer and oppressor who was one of the prin- 
cipal and personal executors of that most odious, barbarous and detestable butchery 
and slaughter committed by the ClanGregor upon his Majesty's good subjects at 
Glenfrone, and with his own hand he murdered and slew without pity or 
compassion the number of forty poor persons who were naked and without 
armour, and in the whole course and progress of his bypast life he has so 
exercised himself in theft, murder, reif and oppression as he is most unworthy to 
be suffered to breathe the air of this country, and therefor the Earl of Tullibardin, 
in regard of his own honour and credit, and for discharge of his duty to the King's 
Majesty, ought and should enter and put the said Allane before the said Lords, To 
the effect order may be taken with him for his trial and punishment as appertains, 
for which purpose Ordain letters to be direct charging the said Earl as ' haueair ' of 
the said Allane in his custody and keeping ; at the least who had him, and in that 
respect ought and should be answerable for him, To bring, put and exhibit him 
before the said Lords upon the day of to the effect, order may be 



i6o7-9] Apprehension of Allan M^Intnach 353 

taken with him for his trial and punishment, as appertains under the pain of 
rebellion &a or else to show a cause why &a with certificatioa — Record of Secret 
Council" 

The above accusation of a person called Allan oig M^Intnach ^ (there is 
no proof of his having been a MacGregor), as having killed forty people 
without armour, is the nearest judicial mention of the alleged slaughter of 
young school boys at Glenfruin, but, even in this document, it does not 
appear to have been a solid or well grounded endictment, and may be 
now dismissed. 

" 1609. Nov. I. The samyn day Harie Grahame. of Meadowlandes ofttymes 
callit as cautioner and sonertie for reporting letters (at the instance of Craigs, &a) 

To take souertie of Master Bowie M^gregour M^Intyre domestick servitour 

to Abroch M^Xlregor of and M^caische ahochie in Drunkie for 

theft" 

From the " Chiefs of Colquhoun." 

" By the severe laws that had been enacted against the Macgregors, and from 
the rigour with which these laws were executed, the proscribed Clan were infuriated 
and driven to desperation. Placed beyond the pale of the protection of law, they 
often fiercely retaliated the wrongs which they believed had been done on them, on 
those who were empowered to punish them, by fire and sword. Against the Laird 
of Luss, who was invested with such a commission, they were exasperated to the 
uttermost, and they continued to harass the inhabitants of the Lennox keeping 
them in constant terror." ^ 

In a letter to King James VL in the year 1609, Alexander Colquhoun 
renewed his complaints of the aggressions and spoliations which the Mac- 
gregors still committed on himself and his tenantry. 

'' Most Gracious Soveraigne^ 

'* May it pleas your most sacred Maiestie I hhaif ofttymes compleaned of 
the insolence and heavye oppressioune committit vpoun me^ my tennentis, and 
landis be the Clangregour, And haif bene forced to be silent this tyme bygaine, 
Hopeing that some tyme thair sould beine ane end thairof Bot now finding my 
selfe disapoynted and thame entered to thair former coursses Haif tane occasioun 
to acquent zour sacred Maiestie thairwith, beseiking zour Maiestie to haif pitie and 
compasssioun vpoun ws zour Maiestie's obedient subiectis and remanent pwire 
pepille quha sufieris, and to provyd tymous remeid thairin, and that zour Maiestie 
may be the better inform^ in the particularis I haif acquent zour Maiestie's 

^ MSm Tuagh of the axe. See page 295. ^ Vol. i. page 214. 

2 V 



354 History of the Clan Gregor [1609 

Secretare thairin To quhois sufficiency referring the rest And craving pardoune 
for importuneing zour Maiestie I leive in all humanitie in zour Maiestde's most 
sacred handis. 

" Zour sacred Maiesties most humble and obedient subiect, 

"Alexander Colquhoun, of Luss." 
"Rosdo, the 13 day of Nov, 1609." 

The version of the letter above given is taken from the " Chartulary " 
where it is entitled " Original of Letter preserved in Advocates* Library, 
Edinbui^h, in Sir James Balfour's Collections " ; it differs very slightly in 
spelling from the copy given by Sir William Fraser from the " Luss Papers." 

" Influenced by these and similar complaints, the Privy Council continued to 
adopt other severe measures against the ClanGregor. Formerly, this clan when 
pursued betook themselves to the Lochs of Loch Long, Loch Goil, and Loch 
Lomond, and having the means of transportation to and from these Lochs, they 
found themselves secure, and defied the might of their enemies. The Lords of 
the Privy Council anticipated that now when the means of punishing them were 
put into active operation, the MacGregors according to their wonted manner would 
seek shelter in these lochs and would thus frustrate the measures of the Govern- 
ment against them. They therefore on 6 Sept i6ioi ordained that by public pro- 
clamation all his Majesty's subjects who were owners of the boats and skows upon 
these lochs, should be prohibited from carrying any of the ClanGregor, their wives, 
bairns, servants, or goods over for them, upon any pretence whatsoever, under the 
pain of being reputed and punished with all rigour as favourers and assisters of the 
said Clan in all their criminal enterprises." ^ 

From the " Chartulary " :— 

A Series of Proclamations and Edicts were made at this time. 

<'i6io. April Homing Patrick Sqwar in Cumbuswallace against 'Patrick 
M^Gregour sone to umquhile Patrick Aldech M^Gregoure ' and two others his ser- 
vandis rebellis persones with their complices. — Leny Papers in 'Chartulary.' 

*' May 15, at Edinburgh. Letters mentioned at the instance of Patrick Squyer 
in Cambuswallace against patrik M^Gregour sone to umqle Patrik Aidoche 
M^Gregour Neill Bowie M^Gregour M^ncaind and John Caldoche his servants 
(for theft). — Record of Justiciary. 

" 16 10. June. In Juneii this zeire, his Maiestie intendit to have imployed the 
Master of TuUibardin against the Clangregor ; bot he hauing drawin vpe suche ane 
extraordinarey draught of a commissioune, that rather or his Maiestie should con- 
descend to suche a one, the Lordes of his priuey counsaill, by ther letters, humbly 
^ See chapter xxix. ^ Chiefe of Colquhoun, vol. i. page 215. 



t 



i6io] Commissions against the Clan Gregor 355 

intretted the King to take some other course against them, then to give way to 
that wich might alienat the hearts of his best subiects, and wrong his awen royall 
authority so muche. — Balfour's 'Annals of Scotland/ 1435." 

It may be from this inferred that the proposals of the Master of TulH- 
bardine were counter to those of the Earl of Ai^U. 

" 1 6 10. August 14 at Edinburgh. Sederunt 

Chancellair President Kilsyith 

Thesaurair Justice clerk Bruntyland 

Perth Clerk of regr. Sir Johnne Amott, 

Lotheane Aduocate, 

" Commissions against the Clangregour. 
" Forasmuch as the wicked and rebellious thieves and limmers callet the Clan- 
Gregour who so long have continued in blood, theft, murder, soming and oppres- 
sion to the wrack, misery and undoing of a great number of his Majestie's poor 
subjects not contenting themselves to live under the obedience of his Majesty and 
his laws when now the whole remaining Clans as well of the Highlands as of the 
Isles are become answerable and obedient, but preferring their bygone wicked and 
unhappy trade of evil doing, to civility and obedience of the law and being divers 
tymes dealt with to have forsaken their former lewd doings and to have embraced 
a peaceable and quiet form of living They do notwithstanding continue in all kind 
of impiety and wickedness, and have amassed themselves together awaiting times 
and occasions to prosecute their detestable and thievish doings against his 
Majesty's poor people where they may be masters and commanders highly to his 
Majesty's offence and disregard of his Majesty's authority, and his Majesty 
and Lords of secret Council having resolved to pursue this infamous * byke ' of 
lawless limmers with fire and sword, and by the force of his Majesty's royal author- 
ity to reduce them to obedience. And understanding the good and willing dis- 
position of the persons underwritten to do his Majesty service, and to employ 
their own persons and their friends in the pursuit and prosecution of the said 
limmers Therefore the said Lords ordain commissions to be past under his 
Majesty's signet to the persons particularly underwritten within the bounds follow- 
ing, viz, to William Lord Tullibardin, Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurquhay &a &a 
(a long list of the commissioners and their districts follows but may be here omitted). 

Giving, granting and committing to the Commissioners particularly 

above written within the bounds particularly above specified full power, commission 
and authority, express bidding and charge To convocate his Majesty's lieges in 
Arms and to pass, search, seek, hunt, follow and pursue all and whatsomever 
persons of the ClanGregor, their followers, assisters and partakers wherever they 
may be apprehended and to prosecute them with fire and sword and to take 
them and put them to his Majesty's privy Council to be taken order with 



3S6 History of the Clan Gregor [1610 

and punished for their offences conforme to the laws of this Realm And if it 
so happen the said ClanGregor their assisters and partakers for eschewing of appre- 
hension, to flee to strengths and houses, with power to the said commissioners to 
follow and pursue them, besiege the said strengthes and houses, raise fire, and use 
all kind of force and warlike engine that can be had for wynnmg and recovery 
thereof, and apprehension of the said limmers being there intill, and if in pursuit of 
the said limmers they refusing to be taken or besieging of the said strengths 
or houses, it shall happen the said limmers or any of their assisters and partakers, 
or any being in company with them and assisting them, or within the said strengths 
and houses, to be hurt, slain, or mutilated, or any other inconvenient whatsoever to 
follow, the said Lords decern and declare that the same shall not be imputed 
as crime nor offence to the said commissioners nor persons assisting them 
to the execution of this commission nor that they nor none of them shall be called 
or accused therefore criminally nor civilly by any manner of way in time coming 
notwithstanding whatsoever, acts, statutes, or constitutions made to the contrary 
whereanent the said Lords dispense by these presents .... with power also to the 
said commissioners and persons assisting them in the execution of this commission 
To beir, weir, and use hacquebuts and pistoletts in the execution of the said com- 
mission. And generally to do use and exerce all and sundry other thaing which for 
executing of the said commission are requisite and necessary, firm and stable, 
holding and for to hald all and whatsoever things shall be lawfully done herein 
charging hereby his Majesty's lieges and subjects to reverence, acknowledge, 
and obey, concur, fortify, and assist the said commissioners in all and everything 
tending to the execution of the commission as they and each of them will answer 
upon their obedience at their highest periL 

*' Proclamation for assisting the Commissioners against the ClanGregor. 

"Forasmuch as the King's majesty by the power and force of his Royal 
authority has now reduced to a perfect and settled obedience the whole Isles of this 
kingdom and continent next adjacent The principals and chieftains of the whole 
Isles and continent are come to his Majesty's Council and have found good surety 
for their obedience hereafter so that now no part of the heylands is rebellious but 
so much as is possessed by that infamous byke of barborous and detestable lymmars 
called the ClanGregor who being void of the fear of God and of that due obedience 
which they owed to his Majesty and preferring their bygane thievish and unhappy 
trade of theft, reiff sorning and oppression to the fear of punishment which 
his Majesty in his justice has resolved to inflict upon them and contemning 
his Majesty's lenity and long patience in suffering them to run headlong so 
long, in all kind of impiety They do yet continue in their wicked deeds, 
have ammassed themselves in companies taking their advantage of every occasion 
to trouble, wraik, and oppress their neighbours where they may be masters and 



i6ioj Proclamation against Resetting the Clan 357 

his Majesty and Lords of secret council resolving no longer to bear with the rebel- 
lion and contempt of their rebellious and detestable lymmers but in his wrath 
and justice by power and force to reduce them to conformity, has for this effect 
given order and commission to the Sheriff of Perth and Stewarts of Strathame 
and Manteith and their deputes every one of them in their boimds and to .... to 
pursue the said thieves limmars with fire and sword and all kind of rigour and ex- 
tremity and never to leave off the pursuit of them until they be reduced to obedi- 
ence As in the commissions granted to them respectively thereupon at length is 
contained. In the execution whereof necessary it is that they be well and sub- 
stantiously accompanied with the power and force of his Majesty's .peaceable and 
good subjects dwelling within the bounds of their commissions for which purpose 
the Lords of secret Council ordain letters to be directed charging all and sundry 
his Majesty's lieges and subjects dwelling within the bounds of the Sheriffdoms of 
Stewartries and cuntreys respectively abone written by open proclamation at the 
market crosses of the head boroughs of the same That they and every one of them 
well armed in their most substantial and warlike manner prepare themselves and 
be in readiness to rise^ concur, fortify, and assist the said commissioners in all and 
everything tending to the execution of this commission and for this effect To con- 
vene and meet them at such days, times, and places and with so many days victuals 
and provisions as they shall be advertised by their proclamations, missive letters or 
otherwise and to follow their direction in everything according as they shall be 
commanded in the execution of this commission as they and every one of them 
will answer &a &a," the usual clauses at the end. 

" Proclamation that none resett the ClanGregour. 
"Forasmuch as the King's Majesty by the power and force of his royal authority 
having now reduced to a perfect and settled obedience the whole Isles of this king- 
dom, and continent next adjacent The inhabitants whereof being void of the fear and 
Knowledge of God and of that due reverence which they ought to have carried to 
their Sovereign Prince, and consequently exercising themselves in blood, theft, reiff 
and oppression are now most happily brought to a reasonable conformity both in 
the one and in the other, and chieftains and principals of them are come to his 
Majesty's council and have found good surety for their obedience hereafter So that 
no part of the Highlands is rebellious and disobedient but so much as is possessed 
by that infamous byke of barbarous and detestable thieves and lymmars called the 
ClanGregour who some years ago having felt the weight of his Majesty's heavy 
wrath and displeasure against them by the apprehension and execution to the deid of 
a great many of the principal ringleaders of that infamous society and it being 
thought that the remanent who were spared at that time should have 'preissit' by 
their peaceable and quiet behaviour to have averted his Majesty's displeasure against 
them that thereby they might have been suffered to have lived in the country in the 



3S8 History of the Clan Gregor [1610 

rank and condition of lawfull and lawbiding subjects. Nevertheless such is the per- 
verse and wicked disposition of that barbarous and wicked society that being care- 
less of the vengeance taken upon the rest of their fellows and preferring their 
unhappy trade of theft, reiff, and murder, soming, and oppression to the fear of 
puni^unent which his Majesty in his justice has resolved to inflict upon them. 
They have continued and do yet continue in their evU doings taking their advan- 
tage of every occasion to trouble, wrack, and oppress their neighbours where they 
may be masters whereunto they are the rather encouraged by the unworthy 
behaviour of a great many of the barons and gentlemen of the country who not 
only most unlawfully are assured and under bands of friendship with the said 
thieves, but by their connivance and oversight, they have Iree passage through 
their bounds, and country in their theftuous deeds, and are resett, supplied, pro- 
tected and maintained by them, as if they were lawful subjects, highly to his 
Majesty's offence, and to the shame and discredit of those who are assured with 
them, and who are their protectors and resetters. And his Majesty and the said 
Lords finding it a discredit to the country that a handful of miserable caitife shall 
be suffered longer to have continuance within the country Or that any lawful 
subjects shall be under assurance with them Therefore ordain letters to be directed 
To command, chaige and inhibit all and sundiy his Majesty's lieges and subjects 
of what estate^ degree, quality, or condition soever they be, by open proclamation 
at all places needful, That none of them presume nor take upon hand to resett, 
or supply any of the ClanGregor, their wives, children or servants, nor to inter- 
commune with them, nor yet to resett, hoard, or keep their goods or geir, or to 
'bloke' or bargain with them thereanent, nor keep trysts, conventions, nor 
meetings with them under the pain to be reputed hadd and esteemed as art and 
parttakers with them, in all their theftuous and wicked deeds, and to be pursued 
and punished for the same with all rigour and extremity to the terror of others, 
And the same to command and charge all and sundry his Majesty's li^es and 
subjects who are under assurance or bands of friendship with the said thieves and 
lymmars, To renounce and dischaige the same bands and assurances, and to enter 
into no such fellowship, or society, with them hereafter, but to repute and hold 
them as traitors to God, their prince, and country, and accordingly to pursue them 
with their whole power and forces, Certifying them who shall stand and continue 
under the said assurances, and bands of friendship, with the said lymmars after the 
publication hereof that they shall be repute^ holden, and esteemed as guilty with 
them in all their evil deeds, and shall be punished therefore accordingly. — Record 
of Secret Council Acta." 

The above proclamations show, indeed, that war with the small 
'' handful " of the doomed Clan who survived, was to be w£^ed without 
respite. The Chiefs of the two principal Houses had fallen, tc^ether with 



i6io] Proclamation against Resetting the Clan 359 

many of the other most valiant and experienced leaders, but the spirit of 
a brave race remained unbroken, and still struck terror into their enemies. 
Evidently there were many friends who, whether from sympathy with 
their courage, or from timidity, still gave them shelter and countenance, 
which secret favour alone can explain their having contrived to subsist, 
when every way of living honestly was denied them. 



[i6io 



Chapter XXIX 

Proclamations against Transporting the ClanGregor 

over Lochs 

T7ROM the « Chartulary " :— 

" 1610. August Item to William Cuningham Messenger passing from Edin- 
burgh with letters to charge Patrik Home of Argate and Thomas Grahame of 
Bowtoun cautioners for John Dow McGregor V*^Eane V*^Gregor John Buchannane 
of that ilk, cautioner for Alex. M*^Gregor in Strathyre Robert M'^CoU; John, 
Malcolm and Patrik M^regour his sons To exhibit them before the Council the 
penult day of August instant And to charge the said M^regours by open pro- 
clamation at the market Crosses of Stirling and Dunbarton To compeir the said 
day and underlie such order as shall be taken with them for their obedience £6. 

"Item to Robert Elder messenger passing from Edinburgh with letters to 
charge James Earl of Athole, son of Earl of Tullibardin, James Lord Maddertie, 
Alex. Meinzies of Weyme^ James Campbell of Lawers, Mr William Murray of 
Auchtertyre, John Grahame of Balgowne, John Stewart of Foss cautioners for the 
surname of M^regours to exhibit them before the Council the penult day of 
August to underlie &a conforme to their acts of cautionerie made thereanent &a. 

''Item to a boy passing from Edinburgh with a close letter to the Laird of 
Buchannane. 

"Item to do with letters and commissions concerning the McGregors To the 
Earls of Montrois, Perth, Tullibardin, The Sherif of Perth, the Laurd of Glenurquhy, 
GrantuUy, Balleachan, Weyme, Glenlyoun, Lawers, Sir William Stewart, and Donald 
Farquharson, &a. 

"Item to a boy passing from Edinburgh with close letters and commissions 
concerning the M^Gregours, To the Earls of Murray, Monteith, Linlythgow, Lord 
St Colme, The Lairds of Lundie, Keir, Auchinbrek, Ardinglas, and Muschet, j£S. 

"Item to a boy passing from Edinburgh with close letters and commissions 
concerning the M^Gregours To the Lord of Blantyre, the Lairds of Luss, Buchan- 
nane, Foulwede, John M^u-lane, fear of Arroquhair, £4^ 4s. 

" Item to a boy passing from Edinburgh with close letters to the Lords Forbes 



i6io] Against transporting Clan over Lochs 361 

and Elphingstoun, the Laird of Aberzeldie, Pitsligo, Dunn, Lessmoir, Grant, 
Caddell and Angus Williamson, and with a proclamation to be published at the 
market Cross of Innemess, concerning the M^'Gregors, &c. — Lord High Trea- 
surer's Books." 

Next follow two proclamations on the subject of forbidding the 
transport of any of the Clan across the numerous Lochs which intersected 
their country, and to which allusion has been made in an extract from 
the ''Chiefs of Colquhoun."^ If, turning from the dry record of legal 
entries, the Highland country scene with living figures can be pictured, 
the hasty arrival on the shore, of the fugitives whether armed men or aged 
decrepid " bodachs," anxious women and young children, all eager to be 
ferried across to escape from cruel enemies, rowed over by the strong arms 
of trusty friends, and hastening to find a brief shelter on the opposite 
shore till driven forth again, deep must be the sympathy of their 
descendants. Thus runs the proclamation to stop these means of tem- 
porary respite : — 

" 1610. Sep. 6. at Edinburgh. Proclamation that nane transport the Clangregor 
over Loichlung and other Lochs. 

" Forasmuch as the King's Majesty having given order and direction for pursuit 
of the rebellious and barbarous thieves and lymmers called the Clangregor by 
whom the peaceable subjects of the in-country are heavily oppressed, troubled, 
and wracked and the execution of the service being now in hands and some good 
and happy success expected in that errand, it is very likely that the said thieves 
according to their wonted manner when as formerly they wer pursued, shall have 
their recourse to the Lochs of Lochlung, Lochegyll and Loich Lowmound, and thir 
having the commodity to be transported to and from the said Lochs they will 
frustrate and disappoint the intended service against them. Therefore the Lords of 
Secret Council ordain Letters to be directed to command, charge, and inhibit all 
and sundry his Majesty's lieges and subjects, owners of the boats, and scoutts, 
upon the said lochs that none of them presume, nor take upon hand, to transport 
any of the ClanGregor, their wives, children, servants or goods, over the said Lochs 
upon whatsoever colour, or pretence, under pane to be repute, holden, and 
esteemed as favourers, assisters, art and part takers with the said ClanGregor in 
all their thievish and wicked deeds, and to be pursued and punished therefor with 
all rigour in example to others, and farther to command and charge the masters 
and owners of the said boats and scouts, To find caution and surety acted in the 

* Pag« 355. 
2 z 



362 History of the Clan Gregor [1610 

books of Secret Council That they shall not transport any of the ClanGregor their 
wives, children, servants or goods over the said Lochs each of them under the pain 
of 500 merks and that they find the said surety in manner foresaid within six days 
next, after they be charged thereto which six days being bypast and the said surety 
not being found In that case the said Lords give power and commission to his 
Majesty's commissioners within the bounds of the Sherrifdom of Dumbarton, To 
intromitt with the said boats and scouts and to remove them off the said Lochs 
and to keep them off the same so long as the service against the ClanGregor is in 
hands. 

" Proclamation for concurring with the commissioners against the ClanGregor. 

" Forasmuch as the King's Majesty and Lords of Secret Council having past 
and expede certain commissions to some special barons and gentlemen in the 
Lennox for the pursuit of the wicked and rebellious thieves and lymmers called the 
ClanGregor, by whom the peaceable and good subjects within the Lennox are 
heavily oppressed, troubled, and wrakit, and proclamations being past and lawfully 
executed for charging of the inhabitants within the Sherrifdome of Dumbarton, to 
concur with his Majesty's commissioners in the execution of his Majesty's service, 
against the said lymmers. The said inhabitants do notwithstanding refuse all con- 
currence and assistance with his Majesty's commissioners so that the execution of 
his Majesty's service is like to be frustrated and disappointed unless remedy be 
provided, Therefore the Lords of Secret Council have declared and by these 
presents declare and ordain that the escheits of all and sundry persons within the 
bounds of the Sherrifdome of Dumbartane who shall refuse to give their con- 
currence and assistance to his Majesty's commissioners foresaid in the execution 
of his Majesty's service against the ClanGregor shall be gifted and disponed to the 
said commissioners and they shall have warrand, commission, and authority from 
the said Lords to meddle and intromit therewith and to dispone thereupon at their 
pleasure and ordain letters of publication to be directed there upon whairthro none 
pretend ignorance of the same — Record of Secret Council Acta." 

On the 24th August the same year, a commission, worded very much 
the same as those of the 14th of August, was given to John, Earl of 
AthoU, and John, Earl of TuUibardin, to pursew the ClanGregor with 
fire and sword. 

"1610. Item to the Laird of Lawers for undertaking of service against the 
MacGregors. His acquitance upon the receipt thereof bears ;f 1200. — Lord High 
Treasurer's Books. 

" 1610. Sep. 24. Charge anent the Houses of Garth, Glenlyoun and Bal- 
quhidder. 

''Forasmuch as for the better fartherance of the King's Majesty's service 



i6io] Locheil & M^Rannald against the Clan 363 

against the ClanGregour necessary it is the houses of Garth, Glenlyoun and 
Balquhidder, be made patent and ready to Allan Cameroune of Lochyell and 
Alexander M^Rannald of Gargavach two of his Majestys commissioners specially 
directed and employed in that service, for the resett of them, their viuers, 
and servants at all such times as they shall have occasion to repair to the 
said houses during the time that the service foresaid is in hands Therefore 

ordain letters to be directed charging Johnne Erll of Tullibardin 

Campbell of Glenlyoun, Sir William Stewart Knt and all others havears, keepers, 
and detainers of said houses To make the same houses patent and ready for 
receiving of the said commissioners, their servants, and vivers, at all such times as 
they shall have occasion to be resett within the same, during the time of that 
service, as the persons foresaid, keepers of the said houses, will answer to his 
Majesty and his Council at their highest peril and under the pain to be repute 
holden and esteemed as favourers, assisters, and partakers, with the said Clan- 
Gregour in all their evil deeds and to be pursued and punished for the same with 
all rigour and extremity, in example of others. — Record of Council Acta." 

The task of hunting down the MacGr^ors, had, it appears, been en- 
trusted to Cameron of Locheil and Clanranald. The traditions on which 
the narrative in the "Baronage" was based, agree with this fact now 
proved by the " Records," and the " Baronage " adds that the two war-like 
Clans who accepted the commission in a short time " penetrated into the 
interested designs of their enemies and again befriended the ClanGregor." 
Two points may here be remarked. In the preceding century different 
noblemen or chiefs took out "Letters" of fire and sword, for which 
privilege they were willing to pay a contribution into the State exchequer, 
but in the reign of King James VI. commissions were given by the govern- 
ment to certain noblemen and others, and large sums were paid to them as 
a reward for services which formerly were considered in the light of 
an agreeable foray; the second point is that Clans from a distance 
were chosen for the duty, and although the heads of the great Campbell 
houses were the constant and mortal enemies of the ClanGregor and the 
chief inheritors of any spoils that could be got from them, yet the Camp- 
bell clansmen were seldom, if ever, brought into conflict with the Mac- 
Gregors, as their battles appear to have been fought by other Clans. 

" 1 6 10. Sep. 24. Charge against Highlandmen. 

"Forasmuch as Allane Cameroun of Lochyell and Allaster M^Rannald of 



364 History of the Clan Gregor [1610 

Gargavaich being employed and directed in his Majesty's service against the Clan- 
Gregor, and they having desired the persons underwritten, They are to say &a who 
are their own friends, servants and dependers To join, concurr assist and pass 
forward with them in that service The said persons most undutifully have refused 
their concurrence and assistance, in his Majesty's service foresaid, testifying thereby 
that they are favourers of the said CianGregor and doing what in them lies to 
frustrate and disappoint the course intended against them for reducing of them to 
his Majesty's obedience, to the oflfence and contempt of our Sovereign Lord 
and misregard of his Majesty's authority, and Laws. Therefore the Lords of Secret 
Council ordain letters to be directed charging persons above written to compeir per- 
sonally before the said Lords upon day of To answer to the premises 
and to underlye such punishment as shall be enjoined to them for the same, under 
the pain of rebellion, &a with certification.— Record of Council Acta. 

" 1610. Sep. 24. Charge against the resetters of the CianGregor. 

" Forasmuch as the King's Majesty in his just wrath and indignation against the 
imhappy race of the CianGregor having given order and direction for the pursuit of 
them with all kind of hostility and reducing of them to his Majesty's obedience, and 
for the better furtherance and execution of this service, having by public proclama- 
tion prohibited and discharged all his Majesty's subjects in any ways to resett, 
supply, and assist the ClanGregour or to resett, hoard and conceal their goods, 
Notwithstanding it is of truth that the persons underwritten they are to say, &a have 
at divers and sundry times since the publishing of this proclamation resett certain of 
the CianGregor, their wives, bairns, and goods, have supplied them with victuals, 
armour, and other necessaries comfortable to them, and thereby have encouraged 
them to continue in their rebellion in contempt of our Sovereign Lord and mis- 
regard of his Majesty's authority. Therefore letters to be directed charging the 
persons particularly above written to compeir personally before the said Lords &a. 
— Record of Secret Council Acta. 

" 1610. Oct. 4: At Edinburgh. 

" Proclamation for concurring with the Commissioners against the CianGregor. 

''Forasmuch as the Lords of Secret Council having past and expede certain 
commissions to Walter Lord Blantyre, Alexander Colhoun of Luss, 

Buchannane of that Ilk, Sir James Edmestoune of Duntreithe Sempill of 

Foulwode and Johne M^farlane of Arroquhair, making them conjunctly and 
severally his Mkjestj^s Justices and commissioners within the Sherrifdome of Dum- 
bartane for the pursuit of the barborous thieves and lymmars called the Clan- 
Gregour. Necessary it is for the better execution of the said commission and 
furtherence of his Majesty's service, that the said commissioners have the con- 
currence and assistance of the inhabitants within the parishes of Inchecalloch 
Drummen, Killeam, Balfrone, Fintry, Strablane, Campsie, and Baddemoch, for 
which purpose ordain letters &a. 



i6io] Remarks from Register of Privy Council 365 

" 1610. Oct Item to the Laird of M^^Ronald, for himself and Allane 
M^^Ildowie, And to M*^Coll clapen,^ appointed by his Majesty's direction to attend 
upon them for putting in execution his grace service in the Highlands as his 
Majesty's warrant bears £$5^^- — Lord High Treasurer's Books. 

" In Nov. 1610. several close letters were sent from Court to Allan M^^Ildowie 
the Laird of M^Ronald and to various Lairds in Athole and elsewhere. 

" Letter from the Chancellor to the Laird of ArimtuUy 161 1." 

From the introduction to Vol. ix. of " The Register of the Privy Coun- 
cil of Scotland," edited by David Masson, LL.D., some appropriate pas- 
sages may now be quoted. 

" All the while that the Hebrides, and the fringe of Mainland coast most immedi- 
ately connected with them, were being managed in the manner described, a dread- 
ful business had been separately going on in that nearer and more inland portion of 
the main Highlands which stretches from the northern shores of Loch Long and 
Loch Lomond over the wild junctions of Stirlingshire and Dumbartonshire with 
Perthshire and Argyleshire. This was the continued or renewed Persecution of the 
ClanGregor. It is a sickening story, forming the matter of a larger series of entries 
in this volume than any other single subject. For many years already, as many 
previous volumes have shown, this Clan of the Macgregors had been the object of 
the most vehement hatred of the central Government, and the one doomed and 
unpardonable Clan in all the Highlands. ' The wicked and unhapie race of the 
ClanGregour, quha sa lang hes continewit in bluid, thif reif, and oppressioun ' is a 
recurring phrase against them in proclamations and other publick documents of the 
years when James was King of Scotland only. The culmination of vengeance 
against them however, had been in April 1603, the very month of the King's 
departure from Scotland into England. It was in that month that, in consequence 
of a new and crowning offence of the Macgregors in the preceding February, in 
that Battle of Glenfruin fought by them against the Colquhouns of Luss, the 
Buchanans, and others, which figures in the criminal records as the Massacre of 
Glenfruin, there was passed the tremendous Act of the Scottish Council proscribing 
the Clan utterly, and decreeing under pain of death, the disuse of the very name of 
Macgregor by all persons of the Clan. Of this Act, describable from it's date as 
literally James's parting gifl to Scotland, and the chief agent in the execution of 
which was the Earl of Argyle, the eflfects may be traced in various incidents of the 
immediately subsequent years, one of them being the hanging and quartering at 
the Market Cross of Edinburgh, on the 20 Jan. 1604, of Alexander MacGregor of 
Glenstrae, the Chief of the Clan, and eleven of his principal kinsmen and retainers. 
Naturally, however, it was impossible to carry out such an Act thoroughly and from 
1604 onwards there had been a comparative lull in the proceedings against the 

^ Clephane. 



366 History of the Clan Gregor [1610 

Macgregors. A lull only, for now the King having set himself in earnest to the 
enterprise of the complete subjugation of the Highlands and Islands, the Mac- 
gregors were again remembered One would have thought that, by tolerably wise 
management, such as Bishop Knox had applied to the Western Islands, it might 
have been easy by this time to bring within terms of judicious mercy the few scores 
of families that constituted the remains of the broken and nameless Clan. This 
was not the course that suited the policy of those days, or the interests of those 
concerned. The course actually adopted was one with which Bishop Knox, if one 
judges him rightly, would have refused to have anything to do. There was to be a 
war of absolute extermination against the Macgregors root and branch. The cam- 
paign was opened in August 1610. From that date to the end of our volume the 
horrible business may be chronologised as follows : — 

*^ A Series of Proclamations. 

"Proclamation of August 16 lo.^ (Comment) In other words they were to be 
put beyond the pale of society and hunted down as mere vermin. 

" Sep. and Oct Evidence that the Commission is having some effect, the Mac- 
gregor hunting having begun, and the clan being in flight hither and thither, but 
especially towards their old haunts of Loch Long, Loch Goil and Loch Lomond. 
Orders for preventing them having the use of the boats or ferries on these Lochs. 
Some captive MacGregors in the hands of the authorities in Edinburgh. Evidence at 
the same time that the lieges in some parts of the Macgregor-infested region are in sym- 
pathy with the fugitives or at least very backward in assisting in the pursuit of them. 

" Nov. 1610 — Jan. 161 1. Macgregor-hunting apparently over for the season. 

"Jan. and Feb. 161 1. Great signs of renewed activity against the Macgregors, 
who have now turned at bay and are showing fight In the course of January, if 
not before, they had shut themselves up in the island of Loch Katrine ' whilk thay 
haif fortifeit with men, victuall, poulder, buUett, and uther weirlyke fumitour, 
intending to keepe the same as ane place of weare and defence.' Accordingly on 
the 31st of that month, the Council having gone to Stirling to concert the neces- 
sary measures, there is a cluster of resolutions. A number of the Commissioners, 
who are personally present, are instructed and undertake, ' to go to the feildis and 
to enter in actioun and bloode ' within the next fourteen days, the service to be at 
their own charges for a month from that date ; after which they are to be assisted, 
if needful, with 100 men at his Majesty's charges. The hope being that * thir 
woulffis and thevis ' may now be destroyed at one effort ' in thair awne den and 
hoill ' there is order for all the lieges between sixteen and sixty years of age, within 
certain specified bounds to be at the head of Lochlomond well armed on the 12. 
of Feb. Uience to carry all required boats to Loch Katrine for use in the intended 
siege, — two pieces of ordnance one afterwards finds, to be sent from Stirling Castle 

» See page 355, &c. 



1610-13] Register of Privy Council continued 367 

for the same purpose. By way of precaution in case the siege should fail and the 
Macgregors escape, letters were sent to nobles and lairds within whose bounds 
the fugitives were likely to pass. Accompanying these aggressive measures how- 
ever there were proofs that the Council knew that the extreme severities against 
the Macgregors were becoming more and more unpopular. Not only had there to 
be warning to 'a grite many of the baronis and gentlemen ' not to continue their 
favour to the clan ; but there was a redefinition or modification of his Majest]^s 
policy against the clan to meet squeamish objections. His Majesty * in his accus- 
tomat dispositioun to clemencie and mercye' would distinguish between the 
poorer wretches of the clan and their chiefs or ringleaders. Six of these chiefs and 
ringleaders were therefore named, viz. 

Duncan M^Ewan Macgregor called theLaird or Tutor.^ 

Robert Abroch Macgregor 

John Dow M^Allaster Macgregor, 

Callum Macgregor of Coull, 

Delchay Macgregor (Dougald Cheir) and his brother 

M^Robert Macgregor. 
with a promise of a reward of ;^iooo to anyone that should slay anyone of these, 
and of a reward of at least loo merks for the head of any inferior Macgregor ; 
while anyone of the clan that desired to separate from the rest and come to his 
Majesty's peace might earn his pardon by bringing in the head of any other Mac- 
gregor of the same rank as himself. So matters stood on the 31 Jan. and, with 
the exception that on the 12 Feb. one wretched Highlander of another clan de- 
livered 'ane M^Gregouris heid' to the Council in Edinburgh and got 100 merks 
for it, we have to pass to the end of Feb. for further information, Then it appears 
that the projected expedition to Loch ELatrine had entirely collapsed, and that the 
Macgregors had got clear away from their island fastness on that loch, without 
' so muche as any mynt or show of persute.' Eight of the commissioners with the 
Earl of TuUibardine at their head were consequently under rebuke. 
'* March 161 1. No special entry in the Macgregor business." 
The other entries and notices do not differ materially from those else- 
where recorded. 

Jan 14. 1614. After alluding to the submission of Robert Abroch, Dr 
Masson remarks 

" That even after this desertion of the Macgregors by their latest captain there 
was some unsubdued remnant of them wandering about somewhere or at least that 
the dangerous Macgregor spirit was not regarded as extinct among the broken and 
dispersed fragments of the clan is proved by the Act of Council, 26 Jan. 161 3. 

^ 3rd son of Ewin, the uncle and tutor of Alastair of Glenstray. This Duncan is also called 
Douglas of Moirinche and is sometimes mentioned as the Laird of Macgregor. 



368 History of the Clan Gregor [16 u 

" The persecution of the Macgregors it will be seen was not yet over. It was to 
continue for years yet to come. No need to anticipate what the ' Records ' of these 
years may have to tell, but even at this point one cannot avoid remarking how 
intimately this persecution of the Macgregors, like so many other Highland trans- 
actions, is inwound with the history and traditions of the great house of Argyle. 
Five and twenty years hence when Charles I. was on the throne that Archibald 
Campbell 7th Earl of Argyle who was now so active against the Macgregors was to 
be living in London as a mild old Roman Catholick gentleman who had been for a 
while in the Spanish service abroad, and had been sequestrated from his Scottish estate 
and honours on account of his change of religion ; and one wonders whether in 
those later and more pensive days of his life, spectres of the butchered Macgregors 
of 16 1 0-13 and of their wives with the key-mark branded on their faces, ever came 
to his bedside. 

" 1611. Jan 31. At Stirling. 

** Act against the ClanGregor. 

" The which day in presence of the Lords of Secret Council compeired per- 
sonally Johnne Earl of Tullibardin, William Lord Murray his son, Hary Lord 
Sanctcolme, Sir Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhy, Knt. Alexander Colboun of 
Luss, Sir George Buquhannane of that Ilk, James Campbell of Laweris, and Andro 
M'farlane of Arroquhair and undertook the service against the ClanGregor, and 
promised to go to the field, and to enter in actioun and blood with them, betwix 

and the 13. day of Feb. next, and to prosecute the service for a month 

thereafter upon their own charges, and after that the King's Majesty's to bear the 
charges of one hundred men to assist them and they to bear the charges and 
expenses of another hundred men till the service be ended, and that they shall do 
some notable service against the ClanGregour before his Majesty be burdened with 
any charges in this service. 

" For the better furtherance of the which service Alexander Earl of Linlithgow 
and James Earl of Perth, promised either of them to furnish fifteen men well armed 
at their own charges, which shall join in action at the first with his Majesty's said 
commissioners, and assist them for the space of the said first month, and there- 
after his Majesty to bear the one half of their charges, and the said two Earls the 
other half of their charges. 

" The which day compeired personally Campbell of Lundy^ 

for the country of Argyle, and Alexander Menyeis of Weyme, Sir James Stewart of 
Balleachane and John Stewart Neilson for the country of Athoill and promised to 
guard the said countrys, and to keep the MacGregours furth thereof. 

" The Lords ordain a missive to be written to the Marquis of Huntly to set out 
watches and people to guard Badyenauch that the MacGregors have no resett there. 

* Lawers ? 



i6ii] Remission by slaughter of MacGregors 369 

and that another letter be written to the Laird of Grant to keep his bounds free of 
them. 

'' The Lords ordain a missive to be written to Duncane Campbell Captain of 
Carrick to remove the whole boats out of Lochlung and Lochgoyll to the effect the 
ClanGregour have no passage by these Lochs. 

"Forasmuch as this rebellion and proud contempt of his Majesty's royall 
authority professed and avowed by the rebellious thieves and lymmars called 
the ClanGregour, who so long have continued in committing of blood, theft, reiff 
and oppression upon the King's Majesty's peaceable and good subjects, having most 
justly procured his Majesty's heavy wrath and indignation, and the force and severity 
of his royall power to be executed against them which his Majesty has resolved 
to prosecute till they be reduced to obedience, yet his Majesty in his accustomed 
disposition to clemency and mercy being well willing to show favour to such of 
them who by some notable service shall give proof and testimony of the hatred and 
detestation which they have of the wicked doings of that unhappy race, and aill be 
content to live hereafter under the obedience of his Majesty's laws, his Majesty 
knowing perfectly that a great many of them who are now imbarked in that 
rebellious society and fellowship have rather been induced thereunto by the 
cruelty of the Chieftains and ringleaders of the same society than by any disposition 
and inclination of their own Therefore the Lords of Secret Council have promised 
and by these presents promise That whatsoever person or persons of the name of 
MacGregor, who shall slay any person or persons of the same name being of as good 
rank and quality as himself and shall prove the same slaughter before the said 
Lords — ^That every such person slayer of a MacGregor of the rank and quality 
foresaid shall have a free pardon and remission for all his bygone faults, he finding 
surety to be answerable and obedient to the laws in time coming And suchlike 
that whatsomever other person or persons wUl slay any of the particular persons 
underwritten They are to say. 

" Duncane M^^ewne M*^Gregour now callit the Laird ^ (he was Tutor of Gregor 
the eldest son of John M*^Gregor nan Luarag.) 

Robert Abroch M^^Gregor 

Johne Dow M^^Allester* 

Galium McGregor of Coull (a clerical error for V^'Coull viz Malcolm M*^Gregor 
in Glengyle.) 

Duelchay McGregor (Dougal ciar) and 

M^Robert his brother ( ? ) 
or any others of the rest of that race, that every such person slayer of any of the 
persons presently above written or any other of that race shall have a reward in 
money presently paid and delivered unto them according to the quality of the 
person to be slain, and the least sum shall be a hundred merks and for the 
* See page 367. * See note page 375. 

3A 



370 History of the Clan Gregor [1611 

Chieftains and ringleaders of these McGregors a thousand pounds apiece and 
that letters be directed to make publication by open proclamation at the 
market crosses of Dumbartane, Striveling, Doune in Menteith, Glasgu. and 
Auchterardour. 

''Forasmuch as one of the chief and principal causes which has procured 
the proud and avowed rebellion and disobedience of the wicked thieves and 
lymmars of the ClanGregour against his Majesty and his authority, now at this 
time when as the haill comers of his Majesty's dominions by the power and force 
of his Majestj^s royal authority are reduced to obedience has proceeded and doth 
proceed from the unworthy behaviour of a great many of the barons and gentlemen 
of the country, who not only grant them free passage through their bounds and 
countrys in their thievish deeds, but reset, supply, protect, and maintain them as if 
they were lawful subjects highly to his Majesty's offence and to the shame and dis- 
credit of the same resetters and seeing there is some course now taken whereby 
these infamous lymmers may be reduced to the acknowledging of their iniquities, and 
to the conformity, and obedience of his Majesty's laws wherein some good success 
is constantly expected, if the reset and protection of them be refused and forborne 
his Majesty in his just wrath having resolved to punish the said protectors and re- 
setters without all favour and mercy. Therefore the Lords of Secret Council ordain 
letters to be directed charging officers of arms to pass to the market crosses of 
Stirling, Dumbarton, Glasgu, Perth, Auchtirardour, Downe in Menteith and other 
places needful and there by open proclamation to command, charge, and inhibit all 
and sundry his Majesty's lieges, and subjects of what estate quality or degree soever 
they may be that none of them presume or take upon hand to resett supply or 
intercomoun with the said ClanGregour, their wives or bairns nor to keep conven- 
tions, trysts nor meetings with them nor to reset or hold their goods, or geir or to 
make blokes or bargains with them thereanent, under the pain to be repute, holden 
and esteemed as part-takers with them in all their wicked deeds and certifying 
them that fail and do the contrary that not only shall they be pursued and punished 
therefor in their persons with all rigour and extremity but they their persons, lands, 
and goods shall be proclaimed free to his Majesty's commissioners who are em- 
ployed in service against the ClanGregour to be pursued by them with fire and 
sword as if they were of the race of the MacGregours themselves. 

'' Forasmuch as the wicked and rebellious thieves and lymmars called the Clan- 
Gregor who so long have continued in committing all kind of iniquity and barbarity 
upon his Majesty's peaceable and good subjects in all parts where they may be 
masters and commanders being now despauing and out of all hope to receive our 
favour or mercy seeing their own guilty consciences bear them testimony and 
record that their detestable and barbarous conversation has so far exceeded the 
limits of grace and favour that nothing can be expected, but his Majesty's just 
wrath to be prosecuted against them with all severity. They have now amassed 



i6ii] Occupation of Ilanvarnoch 371 

themselves together in the Islae of Lochkitterine ^ which they have fortified with 
men, victual, poulder, bullet and other warlike furniture intending to keep the same 
as a place of war and defence for withstanding and resisting of his Majesty's forces 
appointed to pursue them and seeing there is now some solid and substantious 
course and order set down how these wolves and thieves may be pursued within 
their own den and hole by the force and power of some of his Majesty's faithful 
and well affected subjects, who freely have undertaken the service, and will prosecute 
the same without any private respect, or consideration, in so far as the execution of 
this service, that the haill boats and birlings being upon Loch Lowmond be trans- 
ported from the said loch to the loch foresaid of Lochkitterine, whereby the forces 
appointed for the pursuit of the said wolves, and thieves may be transported in to 
the said Isle which can not goodly be done but by the presence and assistance of 
a great number of people Therefore ordain letters to be direct to command and 
charge all and sundry his Majesty's lieges, and subjects, betwix sixty and sixteen 
years within the bormds of the Sherrifdom of Dumbarton, Stewartry of Menteith 
and six parishes of the Lennox within the Sherrifdom of Stirling by open pro- 
clamation at the market crosses of Dumbarton, Stirling, and Downe in Menteith, 
That they and' every one of thae, weele bodin in feir of weir for their own defence, 
and surety convene, and meet at the head of Lochlowmond upon the 13. day of 
Feb. now approaching and to transport and carry from the said loch the haill boats 
and birlings being upon the same, to the said Loch of Lochketterine whereby his 
Majesty's forces appointed for pursuit and hunting of the said wolves, and thieves 
may be transported in to the Isle within the said Loch under the pain (tinsel) of 
loss of life, lands and goods. — Record of Council Acta." 

The difficulty of transporting all the boats from Loch Lomond 
must have been great. The route was probably from Inversnaid by 
Stronaclachadh and the end of Loch Arklet ; and, as there could only be 
a rough drove road, the portage of the boats must have been effected 
with much labour. 

''16^. Jan. 31. The quhilk day Johne Erll of TuUibardin band and oblist 
himseHr to mak furthe comeand and ansuerable to his Majesties laws, all and 
whatsomever persons that presently ar duelling, or herefter shall duell vpoun his 
landis, and to enter them before the Cormcil when required. — Record of Secret 
Council Acta. 

^ '* Ilanvemock, as it is elsewhere in the Records denominated, being a small island opposite 
to Portnellan, near the northern shore and western extremity of the lake." — Mr MacGregor Stirling 
in "Chartulary." Messrs Johnston, Geographers, in reply to inquiries, February 1897, state that 
no trace of the position of Ilanvarnoch, or ** Eilean vamoch," can now be found, and the name does 
not appear on any map. Possibly it may have been identical with the Ellen's Isle of Sir Walter 
Scott, as it is larger than the other islands and better suited for defence.— Ed. 



372 History of the Clan Gregor [1611 

''161 1. Feb. 5. From the Council to the commissioners aganis the Clan- 
Gregour. 

'' After oure verie hairtlie commendations. It is not unknowen to you how 
that the Kingis Maiestie our awne moist gratious Souerane hes had a spedall cair 
and regaird thir diuerss yeiris bigane That this proud and avowed rebellioun and 
dissobedience of the infamous thievis and lymmairis of the Clangregour may be 
suppressit and thay reducit to obedience. And althocht his Maiestie amangis vtheris 
his Maiesties imploymentis layed a pairt of the burddyne of this service vpoun his 
Maiesteis trustie counsallour the Erll of Dumbar whome it hes pleased God now to 
call to his mercie frome this mortall lyff, zet the deceis of that nobleman hes not 
maid his Maiestie forgetful! of this seruice, bot sensyne his Maiestie hes speciallie 
recommendit this same seruice vnto ws that the same may be prosequited and 
followed oute with all suche diligence and possibiliteis as goodlie may be, with 
assurance that whatever be worde or write hes bene promeist vnto you that same 
salbe performit and satisfeit. And thairfore these ar to requeist and desyre you 
and euerie one of you to go fordwart with your haill pouir and forceis in the 
prosequition of this seruice and let not the deceis of this man mak ony impressioun 
in your hairtis That his Maiestie will outher be forgetful! or cairles of this seruice 
bot tliat his Maiestie will not onlie hald hand to sie the seruice go fordwart bot 
will verie narrowlie examine the particular chairge and behaviour of everie man in 
this seruice, and accordinglie will remember theme And so recommending the 
matter to your consideratiouns, as that which most neirlie tuitces his Majesty in 
honour, and estate, we commit you to God. From Edinburgh your verie good 
freindis Alexander Cancellarius, Mar, Glencairn, Perth, Lothiane, Blantyre. — 
Record of Secret Council ; Royal and other Letters. 

" 1611. Feb. 9. Warrant to Buquhannane. 

" Quhairas Sir George Buquhannane of that Ilk hes vndertane some service 
aganis the wicked and rebellious thievis and lymmaris of the ClanGregour in the 
executioun of the which seruice it being verie necessarie that the said Sir George 
be assistit with his haill kin and friendis whairever and vpoun whose landis and 
possessiounis they do duell Thairfoir the Lords of Secreit Counsall gevis and 
grantis libertie and licence to the said Sir George to convocat and assemble his 
haill kin and friendis for thair assistance and furtherance to be gevin to him in the 
executioun of the said seruice commanding likewayis his saidis kin and friendis to 
rise, concur, fortiefie and assist the said Sir George with thair haill power and 
forceis in the executioun of his Majesteis said seruice aganis the ClanGr^our for 
the which they sail incur no skaithe nor danger in thair personis, nor goodis 
Exeroning and releving thame of all pane and cryme that may be imputt to thame 
thairthrew for euer. 

" 1611. Feb. 5. The whilk day a warrand wes subscryvit to Sir Johnne Araott 
to mak payment to the Erll of Perth of the soume of fyve hundreth merkis 



The Clan Gregor escape from Ilanvarnoch 373 

advanceit be him to AUane M^Eanduy^ for the furtherance of his Majesteis service 
aganis the ClanGr^our and ane uther warrand wes subscryvit for delyverie of ane 
hundreth merkis to the Laird of Lundy ^ for the heid of Gregour Ammonach. 

'* 1611. Feb. 19. at Edinburgh. Charge against the Undertakers of the service 
against the ClanGregour. 

''Forasmuch as Johnne Earl of Tullibardin, William Lord Murray his son, 
Harie Sancolme, Sir Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhy, Alexander Colhoun of 
Luss, Sir George Buquhannane of that Ilk James Campbell of Lundy and 
M'Yarlane of Arroquhar, compeiring personally before the Lords of Privy Council 
upon the last day of Jan. now bygone They undertook his Majesty's service against 
the ClanGregor and promised to go to the field and to have entered in action and 
blood, with them betwix the 13 day of this instant Feb. and to have prosecuted 
that service thereafter with their whole power and forces in manner specified in the 
acts made thereanent and although the said 13. day be now bygone Nevertheless 
there is no thing as yet done in that service but the same is altogether frustrated 
and the ClanGregor who were enclosed within an Isle an great hope had and 
promises made that they should not have got forth therof until the service had 
begun, against them in the Isle, are now escaped and got out and not so much as 
ane mynt or show of pursuit intended against them, but the undertakers, every one 
in their several discourses doing what in them lies, to vindicate themselves firom all 
imputation of sloth, negligence, or neglect of duty in that point highly to his 
Majesty's ofience and fostering of the lymmers in their rebellion and wicked deeds. 
Therefore letters to be directed charging the said undertakers to compeir before 
the said Lords upon the last day of Feb. instant To answer to the premisses and 
to give account to the said Lords of the form and manner of their proceeding in 
the said service and upon what occasion the same service is frustrated and dis- 
appointed under the pain of rebellion and putting of them to the horn with 
certification to them should they fail that Letters shall be directed simpliciter to 
put them thereto. — Record of Council" 

The following revolting entry refers evidently to the campaign of the 
previous autumn under Clan Ranald : — 

^* 16 1 1. Feb. Item by warrant and direction of his Highness Council to Allane 
M^Ildowie's servant who brought three heads of the MacGregors and presenting 
the same before the Council. As the same warrant produced upon compt bears 
;^66, 13s. 4d. 

'* Amongst other warrants for service done . . . 

" Item by warrant and direction of his Majesty's Council to James Campbell of 
Lawers for Uie slaughter of Gregor Amononche M^Gr^or, As the same warrant 
with the said James acquittance produced upon compt bears ^£66, 138. 4d. 
^ Locheil. > Clerical error for ** Lawers." 



374 History of the Clan Gregor [1611 

** Also in Feb. of this year sums to messengers passing with the letters and 
proclamations lately given. 

" 161 1. Feb. the last at Edinburgh. 

"Glenurquhyis promise anent the entry of Gregor M^^Eane and Duncane 
M^caird. 

"The which day Sir Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhy Knt compeiring 
personally before the Lords of Secret Council he took upon him and promised 
to enter Gregor McGregor M^eane and Duncane M4ncaid before the said Lords 
upon the 14. day of March next to come As he will answer the contrary at his 
peril. 

''Anent the Commissioners aginst the ClanGregor. 

''(The first part is almost an exact recapitulation of the former charge on 
Feb. 19. but continues.) 

"And all the said persons compeiring personally and the excuses and defences 
propounded by them wherefore the said service took not effect being at length 
heard and considered by the Lords of Secret Council and they ripely advised 
therewith. The Lords of Secret Council find and declare that the persons 
particularly abovewritten and every one of them have failed in the execution of 
the charge, and service foresaid undertaken by them against the ClanGregour 
and that they have not fulfilled the same conform to their promises made there- 
anent and the said Lords Reserve the farther deliberation of what shall be enjoined 
unto them for their said failure to another occasion, ordaining them in the mean 
time, to address themselves home and to keep their own bounds so that the 
ClanGregor have no resett, protection, comfort nor maintenance within the same. — 
Record of Secret Council." 

The " Black Book of Taymouth " gives a fuller account of what took 
place on Loch Katerine : — 

"The icing his Maiestie hering of the great rebellioun and oppressioun 
praxtisit be the Clangregour of new againe in anno 16 10 sent from England 
the Erie of Dounbar for taking order with theme and for settling of peace in thee 
helandis as he hade done in the Southe borderis of befoir. And amangis otheris 
noble and gentle men the said Sir Duncane was burdenit to pursue the said 
Clangregour for ruitting out of thair posteritie and name. Thairefter the Earle 
of Dounbar reterit himselff back to the Kingis Maiestie And in the month of 
Februar anno 161 1. the Clangregour being straitlie pursued, they tuke thame 
selffis to the He callit Ilanvemak in Menteith. Quhairupon the Secret Consell 
imployed the said Sir Duncane and otheris gentlemen in the countreis about, to 
besiege them Quhilk being begun, the seige wes haistelie dissolvit throch ane 
vehement storme of snow. The said Sir Duncane his folkis reteiring thairfira, 



i6i i] Slaughter of MacGregors by Glenurchay 375 

Robert Campbell his secund sone, hering of sum oppressioun done be a number 
of thame in the said Sir Duncane his landis, tuke thre of thair principallis, and in 
the taking ane wes slaine the other twa wer sent to Edinburghe. About this 
tyme the £rll of Dounbar departit this lyfTe, upon the occasioun of whois deith 
the King his Maiestie chargit be severll commissions the Erie of Argyle 
and the said Sir Duncane and thair freindis to pursue the Clangregour. 
Quhairupon the Counsell appointed ane meeting to be in Edinburgh of all thair 
landlordis, quhair the said Sir Duncane being amangis the rest directit out of Edin- 
burch for attending on the countrie, his sone Robert and Johne Campbell sone to 
the Laird of Lawiris, quha slew the maist speciall man and proud lymmer of thame, 
callit Johne Dow M^^Allester^ in Stronfema, and with him Allester M*^Gorrie. 
Immediatlie thairefler, the said Sir Duncane abyding in Edinburch with the rest of 
his sones and friendis, attending on the Secret Consell, the Clangregour burnt the 
hundreth markland of Glenurquhay, the twentie pund land of Glenfalloch, the ten- 
lib : land of Mochaster in Monteith, the twentie pund land of Abirriquhill per- 
teining to Colene Campbell of Laweris brother, the eighteen marklandis of Cowl- 
daris and Finnaves ; and in the Cosche of Glenurquhay they slew fourtie great 
mearis and thair foUowaris, with ane fair cursour sent to the said Duncane from the 
Prince out of Londoun. And fra that furth the Clangregour held thame selff to- 
gidder to the number of VI. or VII. scoir men, till the said Sir Duncane eftir his 
returning from Edinburch directit furth his sone Robert accompaneit with Colene 
Campbell of Abirruquhil to persue thame, quho foUowit thame straitlie throch 
Balquhidder, Monteith, and Lennox, and drave thame to the forrest of Beinbuidh 
in Ergyle, quhair they slew Patrik M^Gregour sone to Duncane in Glen, and tuke 
Neill M^Gregour bastard to Gregor M^Eane, with otheris fyve, quhom they hangit 
at the Cosche quhair they slew the mearis, and from that chaissit thame straitlie to 
the month that lyis betuix Rannoch and Badenoch, that from that tyme furth thay 
wer so scattered that thay newir mett agane abone the number off ten or tuelfif. 
And from the month of Maii in the said zeir, the service wes followit furth be the 
said Erie of Ergyle and Sir Duncane and thair friendis^ induring the quhilk tyme 
thrie wes tane and slane be the said Sir Duncane his sones and servandis to the 
number of sixtene of the said ClanGregour." 

A tradition relates that one of the besiegers was lighting a fire on the 
shore, when Galium Oig M*^Gregor V*^Coull shot him dead with a long 
barrel, and called out so as to be heard across the water " Thugadh thall 
a chrom na geredh " — " take care you dirty crook." As the Gaelic crom 
signifying crook literally is used for shoemaker, of which trade the defunct 

^ John Dow M<^Allester breac, nephew of Gregor MacGregor of Roro. 



376 History of the Clan Gregor [l6ii 

was, Callum was supposed by the daunted besiegers to be a Conjuror, 
against whom they could no longer carry on the war/* 

This tradition was reported by Donald MacGregor, a native of Strath- 
fillan, schoolmaster in the parish of Luss, and learned in Gaelic tradition. 
He knew nothing when he told the story, of either the " Record of Council " 
or the " Book of Taymouth." 

Some modern verses appear on the margin of the " Chartulary " relating 
to this tradition and to the epitaphs given to the Clan in the proclamations. 

From the " Chartulary," referring to the siege of the MacGregors in 
Ilanvernoch, Feb. 1611. 

" In fair Loch Ketrin's farther Isle 

Yclep'd by Council 'den and hole' 

The Wolves kept holiday awhile, 

Devouring what 'twas said they stole. 

To snare them here vast schemes were tried ; 

Each stratagem the horde defied. 
And hunters kept at bay. 

Some say a kindly fall of snow 

Bade these the hopeless sport forego, 
And give the brutes the play. 

But others that the Second Sight 

Had given them such a panic fright 

No longer tarry here they might, 

But ere tomorrow's peeping light. 
Should homeward hie away. 
" i6n. Feb. John Campbell brother to the Laird of Lawers, slew, this month, 
John Dhu M^'AUaster MacGregor of Stronfema for whose head as for those of 
several others, the Council had 31. Jan. offered ;^iooo. It was not till the 94. May 
following that he forwarded his head to the Council. He claimed as reward not 
that above alluded to, but in terms of an act of council 19. April 1605. a 19 year 
lease of his lands, or compensation at sight of the Council. This tribunal after 
formally consulting his Majesty and being told (3. June) ^ that he left them to their 
direction in regard to the execution of laws which they themselves had framed and 
of the interpretation of which they were the best judges, ordered 19. Dec. 161 1 the 
superior of the lands of Stronfema, viz. Robertson of Strowan, to pay Campbell a 
compensation, and that the wife, children, servants and tenants of the late John 
Dhu MacGregor of Stronfema be instantly ejected." * 

^ Chapter xzxv. ^ Chapter xxnv. 



\ 



Chapter XXX 
Continued Trials of sundry MacGregors 

T^ROM the " Chartulary " :— 

'' 1611, March 2. Court of Justiciary. -Mr Alexander Coluill, Justice Depute. 

Entered 

Johnne M^Ewin in Kilbryde 

Archibald M^Ilvoyll M^Lowrin 

Donald M^owie in Glencho 

Duncane Caird McGregor 

Patrik M^eandow McGregor 

Allaster Bowie M^regor clerache 

Dougall M*^Gregor Clerache McGregor 

Duncane M*^Neill McGregor 

Donald M^eandich McGregor tane bak agane to waird and nocht put to ane 
assise. 
Dilaitit accuset and persewit be Mr Robert FouUis substitute to Sir Thomas 
Hamiltoun of Bynnie Knt Advocate to our Souerane lord for his hienes intereis, of 
the crymes respective following viz The said Johne M^Ewin for airt and pairt of 
the thiftious steiUing of tuelf scheip fra ye Barrone M*^Caslane furth of his landis of 
Innerthonoling ; committit in the moneth of August last by past, 16 10 zeiris, Item 
for the thiftious steilling of tua gait (Goats) and ane scheip fra Adame Colquhoun 
in Poirt furth of the landis of Banvie in the moneth of Dec Jvvj and sax (1566) 
zeiris Item for airt and pairt of ye steilling of ane pair of Pleuch imes fra Wilb'am 
Myller in Schennekillis furth of the Lands of Schennekeillis in ye moneth of 
Aprryle Ivvj and aucht zeiris (1568.) Item for commoun thift and commoun re- 
sett of thift inputing and outputing of thift &a And of daylie intercowmoning and 
keiping cumpanie with the M^Gregouris assisting and taking pairt with thame in all 
thair thiftious deidis, heirschipis, robries and oppressiounes, this thre or four zeir 
bygane. 

"The saidis Archibald M^Ilvoyll M^Lowen and Donald M*^Innowie servandis to 
Allester and Allane M^ndowie in Glencho for airt and pairt of the tressounabill 

3B 



378 History of the Clan Gr^or 



It: 



raiteing of fftt about Johnne Stcwartis hoot in the Camerone in die LemioxiiT^ 
rooneth of Dec last bypast assageing of Duncan^ James and omqle T/::^ 
Scewartis yawintill And for airt and paurt of the slanchter of ye said omqk ,*:.::: 
Stwart at ye tyroe foinaid 

''The said Duncane Caird M^rtgor for cowmone tbift and resKt of &±. :: 
puting and inputing of thift &a And for daylie Intercowmotuii^ and kcl: :^ 
tiystes and consultationis with the M^regors assisting mmhI taking paiit vi^: '.m. 
in all and sindrie thair thiftis, reiffis, and oppressionis committit be jame tins - 
zeir bygane. 

"The said Patrik Kf'Ean Dowie M%regoar for being: in company Ti± i: 
Kf^Gregouris at the fecht or skirmisch of Bintoiche^ in ye mooeth of AfajJe/- 
and four zeiris and for airt and pairt of the tressonable raising of fyre baixanz z< .. 
Castell of Achallader and d tuentie houssis in Glenlodile and for the ccr. 
slauchter of fourscore kye at ye said fecht And sidike for airt and pafrt of ::= 
slauchter of umqle Patrik Dow M^Nab and ane servand ot ye Laird Glenvrq±= 
namit M^Layne baith slane in ye said fecht of Bbtoich And for aowmon tbift m: 
cowmuning &a. the said Allaster Bowie M^r^our for cowmone thift and c:=- 
mone resset of thift outputing and inputing of thift fta land to land ^ cxinme :: 
cuntrie And for Intercowmoning and keiping daylie trystis OMid conventionis v:- 
the M^Gregouris and taking plane pairt with thame in all yair and tbUtiaas dd^ 
thir diuerse zeiris bygane. 

*<The said Dougall M'^regour Clerache Kf^Iregour for ye crewall sUcbter^ 
umqle Gregour M^Gregour sone to umqle Duncane Abrocrhe M^^Gregoor be 
schuteing of him with ane arrow behind his bak committit in Ai]£;ust Jvj 3ndh:i 
zeiris 1604 Item for intercowmoning &a The said Duncane WtfeiU M^r^oorto: 
cowmone thift, intercowmoning &a. [ 

''The said Johnne M^Andro for airt and pairt of the burning of Johnne 
Stewards hous and slauchter of the said umqle Johnne Stewart committit in 
the same moneth of Dec 1610 at ye least for keiping cooDpanie with the 
saidis Archibald M^Ilvoill NrLaurin and Duncane M^innowie and ye remanecf d 
yair complices quha cam furth of Glencho to ye doing of ye saidis crymes." 

There follows a list of the persons on the assise. 

** The Assyse be ye mouth of ye said Thomas Fallasdaill chanceler £uid, pro- 
nunceit, and declairit the saidis (repetition of names) to be fylit culpable and cob- 
vict of seuerall crymes respective abone written contenit in zair dittayis And ye said 
Dougall M^Gregour Clerache to be fylit culpable and convict of airt and pairt of thf 
slauchter of ye said Gregour M^Gregour committit be ye said Dougall he being 
within the age tuelf zeiris for ye time. 

"And siclyke fand, pronunceit, and declarit ye said Johnne M^Andro to be 
dene, innocent, and acquit of ye burning of ye said Johnne Stewart's hous &a. 

' See Chapter xxvii., page 336. 



\ 



\ 



i6ii] Trial referring to Bintoig 379 

" Dome. — for the quhilk cause ye said justice be ye mouth of Alex. Kenneddie 
dempster of Court decemit and ordainit ye saidis 

Johnne M^Ewin 

Duncane Caird M^Gregour 

Patrik M^^Indow M^Gregour 

Master Bowie M^Gregour and 

Duncane M^^Neill M^Gregour 
to be tane to ye Borrowmuir of Edin. and yair in ye ordinal place of executioun to be 
hangit quhill thay be deid and all zair landis heritages, guidis, geir, moveable and un- 
moveabil, &a to be forfaltit and escheit to our Souerane lordis use as convict of ye 
saidis crymes And superceidis the pronunceing of Dome upon the vyer thre quhill 
be advisit with the Lords of Secret Council yairanent And ordainit yame to be 
tane bak againe to yair prissone. — Record of High Court of Justiciary. 

" 1611. March. Item by warrant and direction of his Highness Council to Sir 
Alex. Colhoim of Luss Knicht in name of his friends who slew three Makgregouris, 
As the same warrant together with his acquittance produced upon compt bears, 

;^200. 

" Item to the MacGregours that were kept in the tolbooth of Edinburgh every 
week the space of ten weeks before they were executed one dozen of bread 
at 16 shillings the dozen, ;^8. 

" Item to the officers of Justiciary for sommoning of an assise of the Mac- 
gregours and some of the Gang of Glencoe, ;£i. o. lo." 

Note. — The Glencoe prisoners were evidently in no way connected 
with the MacGregors, but only summoned in one assise for convenience. 
One of them was acquitted, and the two others returned to prison, as also 
one of the MacGregors, viz., Dougall M*^Gregour Clerache M*^Gregor. 
His trial is altogether curious. If he killed his young clansman inten- 
tionally, however guilty he might be morally and in the eyes of disinter- 
ested persons, yet he had done the Government a service thereby. Pos- 
sibly they intended to recognise this, and therefore reprieved him, but 
there is no explanation of why they felt called upon to prosecute him, 
except the tender age of his victim, as from the point of view of the 
Council young Gregor was a "wolf."^ Another MacGregor, Donald 
M^Eandich, was taken back from the assise. 

*' 1611. April. Item to George Matho messenger passing from Edinburgh with 
letters to charge Sir Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhy to bring and exhibit before 
the Council Gregor M^Eane upon the lo. day of May next to come to the effect he 
^ See proclamation of 31st Jan. 161 1, page 264. 



380 History of the Clan Gregor [161 1 

may be tried and punished for his offences conform to the laws of this realm, 
j£6. 1 3 J.— Lord High Treasurer's Books. 

"16 1 1. April II. At Roystoun. From his Ma: anent Gregor M^Eane. 
* Right trustie and weilbelouit cosines and councellouris we greet you weele ; wheras 
it hes bene complenit to ws by Robert Buquhannane seruand to James Buquhan- 
nane gent of our butterie That one Gregor M^Eane not onlie spoyled his fader of 
all his goodis but allsua cruellie murdereist him. It is thairfoir our plaisour (seeing 
the said Gregor is now apprehendit by the Laird of Glenurquhy) that you cause the 
said Laird exhibit him befoir you and that you cause sich order to be tane with him 
as his behaviour in former tyme in this and the lyke caiss do deserue whiche 
assuring ourselff you will see performed we bid you fareweele. from our Courte at 
Roystoun the ii day of Aprile 1611.' — Record of Secret Council. — Royal Letters. 

" 1611. Aprile 29. At Greenwich. 

" From his Ma : anent the Erll of Ergyll. 
" ' Right traist cosine and counsellour and weilbelouit Counsellour we greete you 
weele, The oppin and avowed rebellioun of that barbarous race of the name 
of M^Gregour is growne to suche hicht as we ar resolued by thair examplarie 
punishment to terrifie vtheris our evil disposit subiectis to committ the lyke insolen- 
cyis heireftir ; we haif had conference with our cosine the Erll of Ergyll beirair 
heirof for the caus to whome we haif given power and commissioun to persew these 
rebellis with fire and swerd, and becaus in the prosequiting of this oure seruice thair 
will be mony thingis fall oute wherin oure authoritie must be joyned with his 
forceis and wherein he must be assisted with your aduice and counsell we will 
heirfoir eirnistlie desire you that, at all occasionis as he sail haif to do ay ther to come 
or send vnto you give him that assistance aduice and counsell as sallbe most fitting 
for effectuating of this seruice to our honnour and the quiting of the cuntrey. and 
becaus the saidis M^Gregouris ressaueth (receiveth) grite comforte by thair wyfiis 
who leving peceablie without trouble and possessing thair goodis not onlie suppleis 
all thair wantis and necessities bot fumeist thame with dew intelligence making 
thame thairby the moir able to continew in thair rebellioun and to prevent all 
occasiounis of thair over thraw as lykewayes thair childrene being mony in number 
are lyke in few yeiris to be als grite if not a griter pest and trouble to our cuntrey 
nor these present rebellis ar, we will lykewayis desire you to confer with oure said 
cosine and aduise upoun the best meanes for preventing of these two euillis, whairin 
yf you find ony difficultyis or impediment Latt vs be acquentit thairwith that we may 
deliberat vpoun the best meanes for remedying thairof You must heirwith haif 
a speciall cair that these cuntrys nixt adiacent to the pairtis wher these M^Gregouris 
haif thair ordinarye delling and residence to be so gairdit and watcheit as they haif 
no ressett nor comfort thairin And so expecting your cairfull accomplishment of the 
premiss we bid you heartilie fairweele. frome our Courte at Greewiche the 29. 
of Aprile 16 11.' 



i6ii] Another Commission to Argyle 381 

'* 161 1. April 29. Commission to the Earl of Aigyle to pass upon the Clan- 
Gregour. 

''James &a Forasmuch as the open and avowed rebellion of that barbarous race 
of the name of McGregor is grown to so great a height as shaking off all fear of 
God and reverence of us and our authoritie thay become every day more insolent 
for remeid whereof and by their exemplary punishment to imprint fear in the 
hearts of all others our evil disposed subjects we have given power and commission 
to Archd : Erll of Ergyll and James Campbell of Laweris. 

" Commission to the Earl of Ergyll against the ClanGregour James &a Foras- 
much as ever since we were of perfect years and able in our own person to govern 
the kingdoms committed by God to our charge and government. Our chief care 
(next our duty to his Holy Majesty) hath been to maintain justice and govern the 
same in peace, and quietness, and rather by lenity than using the rigour of our 
authority To draw all our subjects to live in a peaceable form under the govern- 
ment of a just Prince. Ever preferring mercy and pardon where the same was 
humbly suited of us (upon assurance given by the suitors of their conformity to 
our laws and living as peaceable subjects in time thereafter) to the rigour of our 
laws, and not using the last remeid where the first was not suited in time convenient, 
As by example of the middle shyres of our kingdom and farthest remote parts of 
our Isles is evidently known, the inhabitants thereof now live in as great security 
without oppression or trouble as our subjects of any other parts of our kingdoms do 
to their unspeakable comfort ; yet notwithstanding of all these premises that most 
unhappy and barbarous race of the name of McGregor having shaken off all fear of 
God and reverence to us and our authority have not only neglected that good occasion, 
in suiting and obtaining of our pardon for their bygane misbehaviour but as if there 
were not a God to punish them nor a Sovereign Prince to put his decree in 
execution And, as if they only, of all our subjects were able to make good against 
us and withstand our authority; they still persist in their most barbarous and 
wicked life to the great harm and impoverishing of many honest men for remeid 
whereof and to give example to all others our subjects to continue in our obedience 
and not to presume upon the impunity of the said McGregors to lead the like 
wicked life as they do. We are resolved to lay mercy aside and by justice and the 
sword to root and extirpate all of that race, their assisters, and partakers that shall 
be found rebellious and disobedient to us and our authority And that this our de- 
termination may be put in full execution we have made speciall choice of the Earl 
of Argyle." 

Next follows an iniquitous proclamation, which must leave an in- 
delible blot on its authors. 

" 161 1. April 29. Licence and commission to the Earl to heir the offers of the 
ClanGregour. 

'^ For mitigating of the rigour of our other commission given to our said cousing 



382 History of the Clan Gregor [161 1 

We licence and permit him to hear the offers of such of the said MacGregors as 
shall submit themselves in our mercy and to receive them to our obedience upon 
the conditions following viz that he shall humbly sute our pardon, shall before 
obtaining thereof enter in action and blood against any of that race and name 
being our declared rebels, hunt, follow and pursue them with fire and sword 
and never leave off the pursuit of some of them till they be reduced to our obedi- 
ence or rooted out of our kingdom, and that he shall likewise either deliver to our 
said cousing or to the Lords of our privy Council the person or head of a M*<}regor 
of as good rank, quality and action as himsel and find caution. — Record of 
Council. — Commissions. 

'* 161 1. April 29. Proclamation to the Laird of Glenurquhy and such as shall 
be employed by him for the taking of ClanGregour, narrating the former commission 
to Erie of Argyle. 

" For better effectuating of which service we have appointed Sir Duncan Camp- 
bell of Glenurquhy Knight to attend upon and assist our said cousin ' Attoure we 
have taken the said Sir Duncane Campbell and all such persons as shall assist him 
under our special protection, defence, supply, maintenance, and safeguard to be un- 
called, troubled, or pursued criminally nor civilly.' " 

In May of this year Glenurquhy burned the houses and lands of 
Dewletter and the Castle of Glenstray, as appears from a pardon for these 
acts granted in 162 1 and 1627. 

" 1611. May 24. The head of John Dhu M*^Allaster M^Gregour of Stronferna 
was sent to the Council by John Campbell brother of Lawers.^ 

" 1611. May 24. at Edinburgh. Certain Acts concerning the ClanGregor. 

*^ Forasmuch as the King's Majesty having made and constituted Archibald Earl 
of Argyle his Majesty's Lieutenant Justice and commissiones for the pursuit of the 
rebellious thieves and Lymmers called the ClanGregour And his Majesty and Lords 
of Secret Council being willing to assist the said Lieutenant in everything which 
may further and advance the service, and considering that in the prosecution 
thereof he will oftimes have occasion to have sundry companies of men upon the 
fields who must have their entertainment, and victuals in the countries where they 
shall happen to encamp, therefore his Majesty and the Lords of Secret Council 
allow that the said Lieutenant and the Captains and commanders of his camp and 
Host shall take vivers for themselves and their companies in the parts and countries 
where they shall encamp, upon the prices following viz the mairt for twenty merks, 
the boll of meal, for four pounds, the sheep or wedder for two merks, the stone of 
cheese for 24 shillings and ordain them to make present payment of the prices 
foresaid when they take up the said vivers and that they take no more at one time, 
than may serve them for meat allanerlie for the space of 48 hours and that they 
take not their hiall vivers and furnishing from one man but proportionally from all 
* Vide the quotation from the " Black Book of Taymouth," page 375. 



i6ii] Clan Gregor Wives branded 383 

the neighbours of the bounds and parts where they shall camp in, and according to 
the necessity of the service and state of the country and bounds where they shall 
encamp. The Lords ordain that the resetters of the ClanGregour, their wives and 
bairns shall be called before his Majesty's council for their resetts since the pro- 
clamation in the month of last and their trial to be according to the form and 

order of the Council. 

"The Lords remit the order taking with the wives and children of the Clan- 
Gregour to the Lieutenant himself The Lords of Secret Council ordain 

letters to be directed charging the Sherrif of the Shires where the wives and children 
of the ClanGregour have their residence as also their landlords to render and 
deliver them to the Lieutenant within three days under the pain of homing and 
they being delivered to the Lieutenant ordain him to transport them to such parts 
as he shall think meet and to mark the wives with a key upon the face and if they 
shall withdraw themselves from the places whereunto they shall be transported the 
Lords ordain the resetters of them to be called before the Counci]. 

" Forasmuch as one of the chief causes which has encouraged the rebellious 
thieves and lymmers of the ClanGregour to continue in their thievish doings has 
been the comfort and supply which they have found in sundry parts of the incountry 
from which they are well provided and furnished with poulder, bullet, and armour and 
whereas they dare not come themselves to buy armour the same is bought to their 
use by other Highlandmen, to the great hindrance of his Majesty's service Therefore 
the Lords of Secret Council ordain letters to be directed To command charge and 
inhibit all and sundry his Majesty's lieges and subjects within the burrows of Perth, 
Stirling, Glasgow, Dumbarton and Inverness by open proclamation at the Market 
Crosses of the said burrows that none of them presume nor take upon hand to sell 
any kind of armour to any highlandmen but by the knowledge and advice of such 
special persons, within every one of the said burrows, as shall be appointit to 
that effect by his Majesty's Lieutenant, to the effect it may be clearly known and 
understood that the said armour is not to the use nor behoof of the said Clan- 
Gregour. As they will answer upon the contrary at their highest peril. 

" The Lords of Secret Council for the better furtherance of his Majesty's service 
against the ClanGregour give power and commission to Archibald Earl of Ergyll 
his Majesty's Lieutenant, Justice) and Commissioner against the ClanGregour 
to charge such persons within the Sheriflfdom of Perth whom in his honour and 
conscience he shall think to be favourers, resetters, or assisters of the ClanGregor 
to transport themselves to the Sheriffdoms of Fife, Stirling or Forfar and to remain 
there for the space of two months. 

" The Lords ordain a missive to be written to Sir Johnne Moncreifie to cause 
the house of Garthe be delivered to the Lieutenant. The Lords ordain 
Sir Duncane Campbell of Glenurquhy Knight who was personally present to 
deliver Allaster M'^Gorrie presently being in his hands, to the Lieutenant 



384 History of the Clan Gregor [161 1 

" Forasmuch as for the better furtherance and execution of his Majesty's service 
against the ClanGregour it is very necessary that the houses of Innerdouglas per- 
taining to M^Farlane of and the house of Fatlipps pertaining to 

Malcome MTarlane of be delivered to his Majesty's Lieutenant to be kept 

by him for such space as he shall have that service in hands ; therefore ordain 

letters to be directed charging the said M^Farlane and all others, havears, 

keepers, and detainers of the said place and house of Innerdouglas and the said 
Malcolme MTarlane and all others, havears, keepers, and detainers of the said 
place and house of Fatlipps, to render and deliver the said place and house to the 
said Lieutenant or any in his name having his power to receive the same, and to 
remove themselves and their servants forth thereof within six hours next after the 
Charge under the pain of rebellion &a And if they fail &a to denounue. &a. 

*^ Forasmuch as the King's Majesty having now resolved upon some good and 
substantious order and course for pursuit of the rebellious thieves and limmers of 
the ClanGregor and reducing of them to his Majesty's obedience, and the forces 
destined for this service being now to enter to work, and to prosecute, hunt, 
and follow and pursue the said limmers with fire and sword and all other extremity 
It is therefore very necessary and expedient that all his Majesty's good subjects in 
the countries and bounds next adjacent to the ClanGregor be upon their guard as 
well for keeping of their own bounds free of them, as to follow and pursue them as 
they come there ; For which purpose ordain letters to be directed to command and 
charge the Sherififs, Stewards and Baillies and all noblemen, barons and gentlemen 
and others his Majesty's subjects in the bounds and parts where the said thieves 
and lymmers shall happen to resort and repair To cause diligent attendance to be 
given that they have no resset, comfort, protection nor maintenance, within their 
bounds, and if they shall happen to come there for eschewing of apprehension That 
they immediately rise in arms follow and pursue the said thieves and lymmers, raise 
the hue and cry and never leave off the pursuit of them until they be off their 
bounds and countries. As they will answer upon the contrary at their highest 
peril 

'*i6ii. May 25. The Lords of Secret Council ordain and command Sir 
Duncan Campbell of Glenurquhy Knight, James Campbell of Lawers, Allane 
Cameroune of Lochyell, and Alexander McDonald of Gargavache to deliver 
unto Archibald Earl of Ergyll his Majesty's Lieutenant in his Highness's 
service against the ClanGregour all such persons of the said Clan as they have 
already taken prisoners or shall hereafter take prisoners during the time of the said 
service For the which these presents or the extract thereof subscribed by the Clerk 
of his Majesty's Privy Council shall be unto them a sufficient warrant — Record of 
Secret Council, Acta. 

*' May 35. The Council had already been taking measures to levy money from 
such landlords as had ' MacGregors dwelling within their bounds, or whose pounds 



i6u] Overture to transplant the Bairns 385 

were laid waste by them, in return for their efforts to extirpate them which the 
Government seem to have more at heart than the Landlords.' On 25. these land- 
lords being convened as now asserted by the Council, before the commissioners of 
the Highlands had promised to give his Majesty ;£6o for every merk land the 
second year after his Majesty should have rid them of the oppression of Clan- 
Gregour. From a subsequent minute of Council however (July 16 13.) it appears 
that the number of landlords present, out of at least sixteen of the best rank and 
quality of these was five only and that of these Glenurquhy as one, protested against 
the transaction. The reluctance indeed of the landlords to go along with this 
measure will be iUustrated in the sequel" 

Of the Landlords of the ClanGregor at this time the subjoined list is 
made from a comparison of the " Record of Council," and the Treasurer's 
Books (July 161 3). 

" Earls of Argyll, Murray, Linlithgow, Monteith, Master of Tullibardin, Lord of 
Madertie, Sir George Buchanan of that ilk, Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurquhy, 
Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir, John Napier of Merchiston, James Reidheuch 
of Cultebraggane, Alexander Menzies of Weyme, Robert Robertson of Strowane, 
Duncan Campbell of Glenlyon, James Campbell of Lawers, John Campbell 
his brother, Mr James Shaw of Knockhill^ Alex. Shaw of Cambusmoir, Thomas 
Graham of Boquhapple, Duncan Menzies. 

" May 25. A motion was made in the Council for relieving the country of the 
wives and bauns of the ClanGregor." — Haddington Collection, VoL i., page 217. 

Probably it was the " Overture " given in " The Chiefs of Colquhoun," 
viz : — 

'' Ane speciall Owertour for transplanting the baimis of Clangregour. 

" Item First, the haill baimis that is past xii zeir auld to be sent to Irland be 
zour Lordships warren, to sic settilmen as zour Lordships thinkis meitest that duellis 
thair, be quhais advysis thair names to be chengit, and to be maid hirdis, and thair 
to remane vnder the paine of deid. 

"As anent these that ar within tuell zeir auld, that thai be zour Lordships 
warren be transplantit be south the watteris of Forth and Ciyd, conforme to his 
Majestie's will, to the Justices of Peace of these boundis, at thair nixt grate 
meitting, quhilk is the first Tuysday of Feb. And be thair advyssis to be placeit 
and sustenit in townis and parochines, and thair namis chengit, and thair to remane 
vnder the pane of ded, with power to the saidis justiceis of Peace to giff and allow 
ane fyne to evirilk ane of thame, for the help of thair sustentatioun, and quhen thai 
come to the age of xii zeris, that they be transplantit to Irland.^ 

* Copy of " Overture " at Rossdhu— " Chiefs of Colquhoun," vol. i., p. 217, 

3C 



386 History of the Clan Gregor [161 1 

"May 161 1. Remission for fyreraising and for all other crymes, to M^Robert 
McGregor Grahame.— Privy Seal LXXX. 250. 

" 161 1. May 25. A report was made to the Council that the escheats of the 
ClanGregor and the fines of their resetters had, by his Majesty been given to the 
Earl of Argyll. — Haddington's Collections. 

"May 25. The resetters of the ClanGr^our ordained to be pursued and 
punished. 

"Power given to the Earl of Argyll to command such M^regouris as has 
found caution, and renounced their names, to transport themselves on this side of 
Tay if he find it expedient . . . Granted that he shall chaige the Sherrifs and 
Landlords of the Highlands and Brae countries to set out watches and to prepare 
forces to hold the ClanGregor fiirth of their bounds, and to pursue them if they 
come within the same. 

" May 26. Johnne Dow M^allester's head sent in be Johne Campbell brother 
to Laweris. — Haddington Collections. 

" 161 1. Item to the Laird of Lawers for his service against the M*^Gregouris at 
command and direction of the Council, ;^iooo. 

" Several messages to various lairds paid for. 

"May 28. The whilk day the Earl of Argyle's commission against the Clan- 
Gregor was presently read, allowed and subscribed with some other letters and 
warrants concerning the ClanGregor. — Record of Secret Council Sederunt Book. 

" June — . Item by warrant of the Council to Duncan Makfarlane in recompense 
of the hurt which his brother received in the pursuit of John Dow Eane M^Gregour 
as the said warrant in his acquittance produced bears, ^^66. 15.4. — Lord High 
Treasurer's Books. 

" 161 1. June 5. at Greenwich. 

" From his Majesty anent the ClanGr^our. 

" ' Right Trusty and well beloved Cousins and counsellors we greet you well. 
Wheras we find that upon the slaughter of John Dow M*^Allaster some suit is made 
for payment of that price imposed by our Council at Stirling, upon every head of 
the ClanGregour but particularly of a greater rate of money upon some specials of 
mark and note among them, of which this John Dow M^Allaster was one, we have 
therein thought meet to refer the interpretation of your own act wholly unto your- 
selves who first made the same, and as no doubt you can best deliver what was the 
true meaning and intent at the time of the making thereof, so we wish that you 
should accordingly proceed and accomplish the condition of it unto whomsoever 
you shall hold the same to be justly due, and in like sort should give unto every 
one who shall make an unlawful demand their dispatch and a direct refuse, so hii 
as in reason they cannot justly challenge any thing which you, who were makers of 
the act can best determine. And so we bid you fairwell. From our Court at 
Greenwich the 3. of June 161 1.* — Record of Council — Royal Letters. 



i6ii] Continued Persecutions 387 

"July 6. Commission against Gregor McGregor V*^Eane. 

"Sir Duncane Campbell has taken and apprehended Gregor M^^Gregor V^Eane 
a common and notorious thief murderer somer, and oppressour and presently has 
him in his hands, and keeping. Commission to Glenurquhy to hold a Court and 
try him. 

"July 16. The Marquis of Huntlie presented a supplication setting forth that 
he was 'confynit within his plais of Strathbogie and some certane bounds there- 
about' and that for many years he had not been able to visit his countries on 
license to the great disadvantage of his property. 'And now as the saidis Lordis 
knowis his Maiesteis seruice aganis the ClanGregour is in handis and it is verie 
likelie that these lymmaris for thair safetie will withdraw themselffis to the said 
Marques boundis foresaidis whaur without all question thay will find comforte, 
resett, and protectioun yf he go not thair to impede and stay the same, humbly 
desyring thairfoir the saidis Lordis to grant and gif vnto him Libertie and License 
to ressort and repair to the countreis of Badyienauche, Lochquhabir, and Innemess, 
for the necessair caussis foirsaidis,' &a. He obtains leave from the i. August to 
2o. Sep. and no longer. 

"July 17. William Buchanan nephew and heir presumptive ol William 
Buchanan of Drumakill and William Buchanan iu Blaimamboyd got from the 
Earl of Argyll a licence to treat with the ClanGregor from 17. to 25. July. 

"August 5. At Salisbury. From his Majesty anent M^Connell duy and 
M^Rannald. 

" ' Right trusty Cousin and Counsellor and right trusty and well beloved Coun- 
cellors we greet you heartily well we wrote unto you before to have caused the 
receivers of our rents of that our kingdom deliver to Allane M^^Conwildwy or the 
bearer hereof the Laird of M^Rannald so much money as should amount to one 
month's pay for fourscore men, and that for prosecuting our service against the 
ClanGregour and understanding by the bearer that this money was never as yet 
suited by you and that the sum will amount (at 10 shillings a day for every man) 
to one hundred pounds sterling our will and pleasure is, that as soon as you shall 
receive advertisement firom the Earl of Ergyll that the said Allane and the Bearer 
with their forces are gone to the fields and entered in our service against the Clan- 
Gregour you shall immediately thereafter cause the officers of receipt in that our 
kingdom pay unto the bearer for himself, and his neighbour Allane, the said one 
hundred Pounds sterling for which these presents shall be your sufficient warrant. 
And so we bid you heartily farewell. From our Court at Salisbury the 3. of 
August 161 1. Sic subscribitur, 

'James R.' 

"August 16. Complaint by (Sir Alexander) Menzies of Weyme, as follows. 
The Lords of Secret Council have at the instance of William Rattray of Ryn- 
naguUane, Johnne Tailyeour in Corb, and Johne Beg there, decerned homing against 



388 History of the Clan Gregor [161 1 

complainer for not entering before the Council Allaster Menzies in Apnadow, rebel 
as being his man. Now Archibald Earl of Argyle, having been employed by his 
Highness in the pursuit of the ClanGregour, and having ' the haill cuntrey people 
of the Hielandis undir his chairge in that present service ' compliner and all his 
men are and must continue during that service on the fields under the said Earl so 
that he cannot without great prejudice to that service compeu: to the effect forsaid. 
Farther by an act of Council it is ordained that during the time of that service the 
persons engaged therein shall be firee from all compearing before any judicatory of 
this kingdom. If the complainer had not been burdened with this service he 
would have willingly compeared and shown why he should not be urged with the 
entry of the said Allaster in respect that the said Allaster is not his man but is 
servant to the Earl of Argyll and at present with the Earl in the fields against the 
ClanGregour. Still complainer has fund caution in looo merks to enter the said 
Allaster if it is found that he ought to do so. On these grounds the said hommg 
ought to be suspended. The I^rds do suspend the letters of homing, because the 
said Allaster is in his Majesty's service against the ClanGregour. as has been 
verified by a letter sent to the complainer from the Earl of Argyle. — Dr 
Masson. 

''161 1. Sep. Complaint by Ronnald McDonald, apparent of Gargavach as 
follows. Complainer and Allaster M^Ronnald of Gargavach, his Father and 
Allane Camroun of Lochyell having been called to his Majesty's service against the 
ClanGregour had ^ for testificatioun of thar willing obedience, to the hazard of thair 
lyveb and quhat ellis thay haif,' undertaken the service with the resolution to pro- 
sequte it to the uttermost of theair possibilities ^Accordingly Camroun and the 
complainer having sent out some spies against the ClanGregour had learned that 
Robert Abroche and 22 principal ringleaders of the Clan were in Badyenoch and 
had the protection there of the whole Clan Chattane and Clan Fersane, Thereupon 
complainer with his friends repaired in all haste to Badyenoch on 22 of July last 

* to have maid ane onset upone the ClanGregour.' The Clan Chattane and Clan 
Fersane however hearing of their arrival at the head of Badyenoch rose all in arms 
to the number of 300 men, under the charge of William M^Intosche son of the late 
Laird M^Intosche &a and came to the place where the complainer and his 
company were and not only stayed them from going farther into the country for 
pursuit of the ClanGregour but demanded of them how they dared come there 
against the ClanGregour who were friends of theirs and whom they would protect 
against all deadly, without respect of his Majesty. Although complainer had then 

* objectit unto thame ' the directioun he had from his Majesty and the Council for 
pursuit of the ClanGregor defenders took 12 of his men and these they yet detain 
prisoners. They would not have failed to slay complainer himself if night had not 
come on permitting his escape. Charge had been given to certain M^Fersanes and 
M^Intosches (enumerated) to answer this dav under pain of rebellion and now the 



i6ii] The Kings Letter to Secret Council 389 

defenders appearing the Lords find the complaint proven against three who are to 
be committed to ward in the tolbooth of Edinburgh. — Dr Masson." 

In reference to the part taken by Locheill and Clan Ranald in pursuit 
of the MacGregors, a passage in Gregory's " Highlands and Isles " has an 
incidental remark as follows: — In 1611 

"The Clanchameron and the Clanranald of Lochaber under their respective 
Chiefis Allan Cameron of Lochiel and Alexander M^Ranald of Keppoch, instead of 
waging war with each other or with the captain of the Clanchattan, were employed 
to assist the Earl of Argyle in suppressing of the ClanGregor. Several gentlemen 
of the families of LocheU and Keppoch refused however to engage on this service ; 
which indeed if carried into effect with good will by the Highland Clans employed 
would have speedily ended in the utter ruin of the name of MacGregor." ^ 

161 1. Sep. Robert Abroch had his headquarters near the Laird of Grant's 
house of Ballachastel. 

From the " Chartulary " ;— 

'' 1611. Nov. 19. at Edinburgh. Anent the ClanGr^otir. 

"The which day the missive letter and articles respectively underwritten sent 
from his Majesty were presented to the Lords of Secret Council and in open 
audience read of the tenour follows. 

" ' Right trusty and well beloved cousin and Counsellor we greet you well, we send 
you now home the Earl of Argyle to make en end according to his promise of that 
service, which he has abready begun. The specialities whereof we have caused to 
be set down in articles which we have thought good herewith to send unto you. 
As for the service itself We are thus resolved, that as the connivance at those and 
the like malefactors might justly be accounted a great iniquity, so the utter eictir- 
pation of them and all and every one in particular, would be a work too trouble- 
some. And therefore we have thought good on some to execute justice, and the 
rest to take to mercy And as we will not have our justice satisfied with the meanest 
and basest persons, so we would have special choice made of the most notorious 
malefactors to be an example thereof in this present business for which effect we 
would have you crave the advice as well of the said Earl of Argyle as of the gentle- 
men and others next inhabiting unto them, and who have been most endamaged 
by them by whose information ye may likewise learn what particular persons are 
most fit to be taken to mercy and which not. As conceming all satisfaction to be 
made to the persons particularly interested by such as shall be taken to mercy, as it 
will be a matter altogether impossible, so we must in that point prefer the general 

1 Gregory's "Highlands and Isles," page 341, where a note is added : " Many of the Gan 
Chattane also, particularly the Macphersons, assisted to protect the ClanGregor at this time." 



390 History of the Clan Gregor [1611 

benefit of the quietness of the whole country to the private interest of any one man, 
or some few others damnified, yet will we that those who are any way able to 
make any satisfaction shall according to their power make present restitution and 
for the rest let their good behaviour in time coming be accepted in part of pay- 
ment, for if we should go about to exact the extremity both would the performance 
of that service require longer time and be more troublesome to the said Eari and 
also be more chargeable to us in recompensing the same, yet do we not mean to 
set you down an absolute rule herein upon either side, but leave it to your dis- 
cretion so to temper this business as all occasions of complaint for non restitution 
may be taken away, so far as may be and yet no impossibility to be thrust upon 
the oflfender which may hinder the conclusion of so good a work, But to the intent 
that an assured peace (and not as it were a truce be obtained, for putting over of 
an imminent storm) may ensue, one point is carefully to be considered and diligently 
executed which is, the transplanting of such as shall be taken to mercy and of the 
wives and children of those who are or shall be killed or executed, (for except they 
be transplanted out of those places wherein they have had their continual residence 
according as was done unto the Grahams of Eske we see not how any perfect 
quietness of the country may be expected.) which point, how it may be best per- 
formed ye are likewise to consult with their aforesaid neighbours whose opinions 
being heard ye are to give such order therein as ye and they shall think most fit 
and most easy to be followed And all these premises recommending to your special 
consideration We bid you forewell from our Court at Roystoun. 
* the 23 day of October 1611.' 

"16 1 1. Nov. Some particuler headis of his Majesteis will and pleasour 
concerning the ordour takeing with the M^Gregouris. 

''First that my Lord of Argyle give in a roll to the Counsall of all the 
M^r^ouris that are killed by him or his, of those that ar takin and in presone and 
of those that ar come in will, and of those that ar yitt rebdlis and lyis out and that 
my lord leave the copy of this roll with my Lord Fentoun. 

** His Majesty is pleasit of that nomber of the M^regouris whiche come in will 
to grant unto my Lord of Argyle some three or four of thair ly ves and a remissioun : 
off the whiche nomber Duncane Makewin alias Duncane the Tutour to be one, in 
r^aird that he wes chief of thame and breker of the societie : providing alwise that 
thay find suflScient caution and suretie to the Counsell for observing of the laweris 
in tyme to come, and that these suretyis be ansuerable for ony wrong thay do 
heireftir. 

" For the rest of these that ar come in will, if ony of thame haif killed a 
M^regour als good as himselff (or) two thrie or four of thame which in compari- 
sone may be equal unto him, and assuredlie knowne to be his deid, his Majestie is 
pleasit he haif a remissioun, with the uther thrie or four whiche his Majestie hes 
grantit to the Erll of Argyll ; providing lykwise that thay find sufficient surety for 



i6ii] The Kings Letter to Secret Council 391 

keeping good ordour in tyme comeing and such suryteis as saU content the 
Counsel! And for such as ar come in will and done no service by killing of the 
M^Gregouris nor cannot find sufficient suretie that then the law to haif his 
dew course, and no favour at all to be shown. 

" For suche as ar yitt rebelslis and outlawis after the Counsell he considered of 
the roll presentit unto thame by my Lord Argyle that ther be no pardoun giantit 
unto any nor takin in will except he present a better head at least ane as goode als 
his awne or such two thrie or more as salbe enjo3med to him by the CounsaU. And 
for Robert Abroche who is now Chief of thame that ar presently out that he be not 
pardoned unless he bring at least halif a dusone of thair headis. 

''To such of the M'^Gregouris that ar pardoned and hes goodis and geir 
sufficient to mak restitutioun to the poorest sorte and that to be done at the sight 
and discretion of the Counsall to those that hes most neid of it and whair thair is no 
guidis nor geir thair is none to be haid. 

''That the Counsall advise upon some satled ordour with these that find 
caution ather be transplantatioun or utherwise as salbe thought best. 

" For the young children and wyffis that thair be proclamatioun maid to produce 
theme or utherwise the resetaris to be guyltie of the cr3rmes committed be the 
childrenes parentis and that the Counsal 1611 Nov. be informatioun of my Lord of 
Argyle and utheris of the cuntrey people leame to know of thame all, and thairellter 
to dispose of thame so as they sail think best for repressing such a generadoun that 
thay never come to such a head or insolence again. — Dr Masson. 

" His Majesty ordains that the Council take trial of the resetters and so many of 
them as shall be found guilty by the means and information of Mylord of Argyle 
shall be fined accordingly which fine his Majesty is pleased to bestow upon MyLord 
of Argyle to enable him the better to serve his Majesty. 

" The conditions of the caution to be founden by the M'<]rregouris who are to be 
received in favour. 

" That they shall be answerable and obedient subjects to our Sovereign and his 
laws That they shall satisfy and redress all parties who shall sustain harm or skaith 
of them hereafter and for bygane wrongs that they shall make redress so far as they 
have geir, That they shall not assist nor take part with the ClanGregor, resett them, 
their wives, bairns nor goods nor keep conventions, trysts nor meetings with them, 
by word nor write ' That they shall remain and keep ward within the Sherrifdom of 
Fife or any other part besouth the waters of Forth and shall not resort, nor repair, 
benorth the said water, and last that they shall compeir personally before his 
Majesty's Council so oft as they or their cautioners shall be charged to that effect, 
upon ten days warning under such pecunial sums as shall be modified by his 
Majesty's Council to be paid to his Majesty, in case they fail in any part of the 
premisses besides the satisfaction and redress of the parties skaithed. — Record of 
Secret Council. 



392 History of the Clan Gregor [1611 

'< 161 1. Nov. 21. Commission for trying the Resetters of the ClanGregour. 

'' Forasmuch as albeit the resett of the rebellious thieves and lymmers of the 
ClanGregour, their wives, bairns, goods and geir has been prohibited and dis- 
charged by many good acts and proclamations made, and published heretofore ; 
nevertheless the chief and principal cause which has procured and still procures 
their continuance in rebellion and which has frustrated and disappointed the 
e£fectual execution of his Majesty's service against them doth proceed from the 
resett, supply, protection, and maintenance which they find among great numbers 
of people as well inhabiting the countries and bounds next adjacent unto them as 
in some parts of the country, who in outward show and appearance falsely pre- 
tending to be unfriends to the said limmers do notwithstanding covertly and 
obscurely not only supply all their necessities and wants but resett them in 
their houses, and take their goods and geir in keeping to their own use, and behoof, 
so that at all times when these fugitive limmers and thieves are pursued, or an 
course intended against them for reducing of them to obedience, their resetts and 
starting holes are so sure and certain unto them, as the most part of the courses 
intended against them have proven fruitless, highly to the ofifence and contempt of 
his Majesty and fostering of the said thieves in their insolencies; and whereas 
bypast experience in the like case gives clear evidence that nothing is more forcible 
against traitors, rebels, and fugitives than to cut them short of their resetts, 
and starting holes, cannot be goodly done, but by exemplary punishment to 
be inflicted upon the Resetters, Thairfore, &a." 

Thus in the autumn of the year when such comprehensive plans were 
laid for the utter extirpation of the race, the King and Council confess 
that their eflForts were mostly fruitless, and this circumstance explains the 
comparative clemency of the first part of the proclamation of the 19th 
November with the object of sparing the Commissioner further trouble, 
and the authorities greater expense. 

" 161 1. Dec 13. Charges against the Earl of Tullibardine for exhibition of the 
Laird of MacGregour being in his hands." " Chaiges against Allane M^Eanduy for 
exhibition of Patrick Aldoche and others." — Record of Secret Council Sederunt 
Book. 

'' 161 1. Nov. 31. Certain Gentlemen appointed in each Sheriffdom * to appoint 
and sett courts to be halden be thame within the boundis respective at suche tymes 
dayis and placeis as thay sail think meet and to call and convene before thame all 
such persons as hes resett ony of the ClanGregour, thair wyffis, baimis, or goodis 
sen the first day of August 1610. or who sail resett thame during the tyme of this 
commissioun (the nemes of quhilkis resettaris with the names of the personaris re- 
sett, thay sail rassave fro his Majesteis Lieutennent against the ClanGregour) and to 



i6ii] Complaint by Brother of Lawers 393 

examine try and demand tharupoun the sams resett and gyf thay grant the same, 
to putt thair depositionis formerlie in wreatt and gyf thay deny the same, to ressave 
probatioun and witness aganis thame and to report the depositionis of the 
witnessesjwith the confessiounis of the pairties offendaries dewlie and authenticallie 
written and ^closeit unto the saidis Lordis to the effect the saidis Lordis may 
accordinglie pronunce and gif forth sentence against thame. As alsua that the 
saidis commissionaris report unto the saidis Lordis the estate and conditioun of the 
personis who sail grant or aganis whom the resett salbe proven, and what thay ar 
valiant in landis or goodis and whenas the said commissionaris sail find the said 
resett to be cleir and manifest outher be confession of the party or deposition of 
witnes that then thay sal take sure cautioun of the offendouris that thay sal 
satisfie the decreet and sentence to be pronunceit againist thame be the saidis 
Lordis and in case of thair refusal to find this cautioun that the saidis commission- 
aris committ thame to waird and hald thame thairin ay and quhill otherwise his 
Majesty's Lieutennant aganis the ClanGregour report unto the saidis commissionaris 
his warrand beiring that he hes ressaved satisfactioun of the offendour or is to employ 
thame aganis the ClanGregor. — Dr Masson. 

" 1611. Edinburgh Dec 6. Complaint by Johnne Campbell brother of James 
Campbell of Lawers as follows. 

"The Lords of the Secret Council having upon 19. April 1605. resolved that 
the ' work of the exterminatioun of that wicked and unhappie and infamous race of 
lawless lymmaris, callit the Macgregour should be followed out against them till 
they had been * alluterlie extirpat and rooted out ' had declared * verie solemnelie * 
by an Act of Council that whoever should apprehend and enter before them any 
of the name of M^^Gregor 'quick or dead' should receive a nineteen years tack of 
all such lands as belonged to the person presented or were possessed by them, or 
else ' ane contentatioun and satisfaction for thair kyndnes to be payit be the landis- 
lord at the arbitriement of the Counsale ' provided that the person receiving the 
tack should find cautioun to answer to the laws and to pay the old maill to the 
landlord, and also that at the expiry of the said tack the tacksman should vacate 
the said lands to the landlord and claim no kidness to the same thereafter. Now 
the complainer to the great hazard of his life had ' maid ane onset on the late 
Johnne Dow M^AUaster M^^Gregour in Stronfamoch a chief ringleader of that Clan, 
slain him and presented his head accordingly but albeit the said Johnne was 
kindly tenant of the lands of Stronfamoche, held by him of Robert Robertsoun of 
Strowane at the time of his slaughter, and albeit the said Robert, according to the 
said Act ought to deliver to the complainer a nineteen years tack of the said lands, 
yet he 'proudlie refuses' to do so. Both parties agreed to submit this matter to 
the Arbitration of Archibald Earl of Argyle and Sir Alexander Hay secretary to his 
Majesty, who promised to give their judgement by the 20. instant 

" 161 1. Dec. 19. The matter in dispute having been submitted to the appointed 

3I> 



394 History of the Clan Gregor [1611 

arbiters with Alexander Earl of Dunfermlyne as oversman they had awarded to 
Campbell a certain sum in silver to be paid by Robertsoun in full discharge of his 
claim. As in these circumstances it is reasonable that the Laird of Strowane be 
possessed with his said lands, and that the relict and bairns of the said Johnne 
Dow be removed therefrom 'as personis unworthie to brook ony benefit within 
his Majesteis kingdome ' the Lords declare that it shall be lawful to enter in pos- 
session of the said lands without any process of law, and to remove the said widow 
and her goods furth thereof without incurring any action of ejection, intrusion, 
spuilyie or wrongous intromission. — Dr Masson. 

" 161 1. Dec. Item to George Matho messenger passing from Edinburgh with 
letters to charge John Earl of TuUibardine To bring and exhibit Gregor McGregor 
now called the Laird and son to umqle John Dow M^^Gregor ^ personally before the 
Council the 9. of Jan. next, to the effect order may be taken with him for his 
obedience as accords under the pain of rebellion. And likewise passing with 
Letters to the Market Crosses of Stirling and Perth and there be open proclama- 
tion, charged Duncane, Patrik, and Gregor McGregors sons to Patrik Aldoch, 
Dougall M^ouU oig in Glenbotha, Johne M'^Ewine M*^regor and John Dow 
M'^Phatrik vy. To compeir personally As also charged Allane M^^Indowie of 
Lochquhaber who promised to be answerable for them To bring produce ane 
exhibit before the Council the said persons the 9. day of Jaa next to the effect 
order may be taken with them for their obedience, under the pain of rebellion, j£S. 

" Item to a post passing from Edinburgh with close Letters to Allane M^^Indowie 
of Lochquhaber and with a copy of the charge for exhibition of the said M^regors 
for whom he promised to be answerable, £6. 13. 4. 

"16 1 1. Dec. 20. Appeared personally before the Council 'Duncane M*^Ewin 
M^regor sometime called the Tutor, and renounced his name of M*^Gregour 
taking that of Dowglas when Argyle became his surety, that he should appear on 
15 days warning under penalty of 3000 marks. The Tutor who is elsewhere 
styled 'of Moirinche' had as appears from his Majesty's letter 23rd. Oct sur- 
rendered some weeks at least before this. 

"Dec. 24. Contract John Napier of Merchistoune on the one part and James 
Campbell of Lawers, Colin Campbell of Aberuchill and John Campbell of Ardew- 
nane by which the three Campbells named became bound that ' in case the said 
John Napier or any of his tenants in Menteith and Lennox shall be troubled by 
any of the name of M^Gregour or any other ' Hieland Brokin Men ' they will aid 
in redressing the wrongs sustained, and the said Johnne Napeir becomes bound to 
aid the other in their lawful affairs. — Archives of Lord Napier, communicated by 
Mark Napier, Esq., Adv. 

" 1611. Dec. 14. Letter from the Council to Allan MacEanduy. 

" You remember that quhen you procureit the protectioun and over sicht to 
1 " Nan Lurach " Brother of Allaster of Glenstray. 



i6ii] Submission of sundry MacGregors 395 

Duncane, Patrik and Gregour M^regooris sones to Patrik Aldoch, Dougall 
M^oull Og in Glenlocha Johnne M^Eane M^Gregour and Johnne Dow M^^Patrik 
Vy. that you promeist to be ansuerable for thame and that they sould do some 
service worthie of his Majesties favour. And now thair being some course in 
handis for reduceing of that clan to obedience and a catalogue being maid of the 
haill personis of that name who ar ansuerable and who rebellis and disobedient we 
haif rankit and nomberit thir personis amongs thame who are lauchfuU and 
answerable subjects and we will so repute and esteem thame yf be thir awne folyis 
they reject not the present favour offerit to thame and thairfoir these ar to desire to 
cans thir personis gif thair appeirance heir before the Counsall upoun the 9. day 
of June nixt to come to the effect thay may renunce thair names and find cautioun 
conforme to the rest who ar to be ressavit and hes bene alreddy ressavit into 
favour, yf thay sail neglect and contempte the present occasioun and comp not we 
will be constrayned for awne exoneratioun at his Majesteis handis to declair thame 
fugitives and according to give ordour for persute of thame but we hoip that they 
will be moir careful of thair awne weill and will not draw ony neidless trauble upon 
thame. &a." 



[l6l2 



Chapter XXXI 
Proclamations, Commissions, &c. 



T7ROM the " Chartulary " :— 

" 1612. Jan. 9. Letters direct to denounce the Erie of Tullibardin and some 
M^^regours. 

"Same date. At Edinburgh. Act against certain M'^Gregours. 

" Anent our Sovereign Lord's Letters direct, making mention for so much as 
Allane M^Eanduy of Lochaber upon promise and condition made by him for 
Duncane, Patrik and Gregor M^Gregours sons to Patrik Aldoche, Dowgall 
M^CouU oig in Glenbatha, John M^Eane M^Gregour and John Dow M^Phatrik 
vy, that they should do some notable service to his Majesty meriting his Majesty's 
gracious favour he procured a protection unto them assuring them to be untroubled 
or pursued by those who were employed in commission against the ClanGregour 
and containing some other favour and condition unto them Likeas he promised to 
be answerable for them in the meantime and seeing there are some courses now in 
hand for settling of the ClanGregour and reducing of them to obedience, Necessary 
it is, that the said persons give likewise their obedience whereby others by their 
example may be moved to do the like, And anent the Charge geiven &a which 
being called and the said &a not compeiring, the Lords of Secret Council have 
declared and by the tenour hereof declare all and whatsomever protection, favour, 
condition, and promise made to the said persons to be null and of none avail in 
time coming. And ordain the same persons to be reputed, held, and esteemed as 
rebels, traitors and fugitives from his Majesty's Laws and accordingly to be pursued 
with fire and sword with all rigour and extremity Like as also the said Lords ordain 
letters to be directed to the officers of arms charging them to pass and denounce 
the said Duncane, Patrik, and Gregor M^regouris sons to the said Aldoche, 
Dougall M^CouU oig in Glenbotha, John M*^Ean M^Gregour, and John Dow 
M^Phatrik vy, his Majesty's rebels and put them to his Majesty's horn and to 
escheat and inbring all their moveable goods to his Majestjr's use for their 
contemption. 



i6i2] Sundry Transactions 397 

''Jan. 10. A latin Remission to the M^^Ean duys for various crimes in recog- 
nition of their service against the ClanGregour. 

"January. Commissioners of Council had this month met at Doune in 
Menteith and passed several acts for fining the resetters of the ClanGregor. Two 
Resetters viz Gilbert Graham in Glaschoil and Walter M^^Lauchlan in Blarvoyach 
had produced Graham of Duchray and Graham younger of Duchray sureties for 
payment of their fines. 

''Feb. 4. The Earl of Aigyle judging it reasonable that the above sureties 
should be relieved issued an order on the principals. — Precept of Poynding, The 
Earle of Aigyle against Gilbert Graham and Walter M^^Lauchlane. Original in 
Gartmore Collection. 

"Feb. 6. At Edinburgh. Another Act anent the fining of the Resetting of 
the ClanGregour differing very slightly from those already quoted. 

"Feb. 12. Alexander Livingstoun of Westquarter became cautioner for 
' Duncane and Allaster Livingstounes, sons to umqle Patrik Aldoch MacGregor.' 

"161 2. Feb. Item to George Matho Messenger passand with letters to the 
Mercate Crois of Perth To denounce Patrick and Gregor MacGregor sons to 
Patrik Aldoch, Dougall M*<:oull oig in Glenbotha, Johne M^wne M'^Gr^or, 
Johne Dow MThatrick vy, our Soverane Lordis Rebels.— Lordis High Treasurer's 
Books. 

"161 2. Alexander Stewart of Laggarie is debtor in the testament of Agnes 
M^Kean. — Commissary Books of Glasgow. That Alexander Stewart was properly 
Alexander MacGregor there can be little doubt. Alexander MacGregor had been 
infeft in Laggarie on a precept of Clare Constat as heir to his father John MacGregor 
in 1602. — ^Record of the Burgh of Dumbarton 1602, as cited under that year. He 
had, of course, taken the protective name of Stewart under the operation of the 
Act of Secret Council April 3. 1603, abolishing the surname of MacGregor. — See 
loth Dec. 1603, where mention of him under both surnames. 

" 1612. Feb. 25. Although Allan Cameron of Lochyell and Allaster McDonald 
of Gargavach who have been employed by his Majesty against the ClanGregour &a 
hed expected that their kin and friends would have joined them with their forces 
for prosecuting that service yet . . . certein of the Camerons and two McDonalds 
enumerated, said persones having been formerly assissters of the said Allan and 
Allaster in all their private affairs ' but now being offendit with thame becaus thay 
have randerit thair obedience to his Majestic and tane upoun thame the executioun 
of some of his Majestie's directionis aganis the Clangregour and some uther brokin 
men of the Heylandis ' and being ' loath that ony suche course sould tak effect in 
thair personis, bot that rather the saidis Allane and Allaster McDonald sould have 
followit the wickit and unhappie trade of the rebellious Lymmaris of the Heylandis 
and Illis that thairby thay micht have been the more able undir thair patrodnie 
and protectioun to have continewit thair iniquitie and wickedness fira the quhilk 



398 History of the Clan Gregor [1612 

thay feir now to be reclaimed be thame ' have not only refused to assist the said 
commissioners in his Majesty's service but avowedly oppose them, declaring them- 
selves to be friends of the ClanGregour and of all broken men so that the execution 
of the said service is frustrated. Charge had been given to the said defenders to 
answer and none of them now appearing they are all of them to be denounced 
rebels. 

" 1612. March. At this time a skirmish took place between the Earl of Perth 
at the Head of a considerable force composed partly of MacGregors who had taken 
the name of Drummond and a body of MacGregors at Tomzarloch, the latter 
having occupied some houses were dislodged by means of fire applied, when five 
were captured and six killed. The killed were John Dow MacGregor, Donald 
Gramich MacGregor V^Culchere, John M*=Phatrik Nadidin MacGregor V^^Culchere, 
Gregor M^Ean V^'Ean MacGregor Elensisens (Gillespie?) MacGregor. The Earl's 
force is thus specified in a pardon issued to them early in 1 6 14, as appears from 
Mag. Sig. quoted at the proper date. 

" John Earl of Perth (2. Earl) John Master of Madertie James Drummond his 
brother Sir Alexander Drummond of Carnock Knight, Alexander brother of Mr 
William Drummond of Hawthomden, James Ehnmmond of Millness, David 
Drummond chamberlain of Drymen, Thomas Drummond of Drummowhence, x 
John Drummond of Innerzeldie, x James Drummond his brother, x Duncan 
Drummond late of Kincart beg, x Duncan Drummond in Pitluir, x Duncan 
Drummond in Wester Dundome, James Drummond officer, Patrick Drummond 
in Dalmarklawis,* John Drummond in Auchinskelloch,* Duncan Drummond in 
Mawia, James Drummond in Balliclone, Patrick Drummond in Williamsoune, x 
John Drummond in Wester Dundome, Alexander Stewart in Port, Alexander 
Reidheugh,* David Malloch, John Drummond of Drummondearnoch, Patrick 
Drummond forester of Glenartney,* John M^^Coruther, James Drummond of 
Pitzalloun,* Malcolm M^Andrew in Dundorn, James Stewart late in Torry,* 
James Menzies in Mewis William M^Niven in Glen Artney,* John M'^Coruther in 
Blairtown, James Dow in Glenkishon. 

Mr MacGregor has marked with a cross those who he considers were 
MacGr^ors, adding that more might have been, and several others, who 
seem probable, are now marked with a star. 

"16 12. March 6. To the Erie of Argyle. After our very hairtie commen- 
dationis to your good lordschip Thair hes bene ane petitioune exhibite unto us 
be the Erlle of linlithgow his tennentis of Calindar in Menteathe and Corychromby 
craiving that they might be exonerit fra that commissioune grauntit for trying of 
the resaittis whiche the ClanGregor hes had in Monteithe and they alledgit many 
ressonis quhairfoir the exemptioune sould be granntit quhilkis althocht in appeirance 
thay seemed to be verrie ressonable for graunting of the said exemptioun yitt becaus 



i6i2] Trials of sundry MacGregors 399 

the preparatine therof micht carye a venye greit preiudice to that service, whiche 
your lordschip hes in handis, we have been spairing in granting of the said 
exemptioun alwayes we haue thocht meet heirby to requist your lordschip to 
haue a speciall cair and regaird that all your proceidingis in this busines be well 
warranted be law, custume, and pratique of the cuntry and nouther the compleneris 
nor no utheris his Majesties subiectis be trublit unnessarlie witht seuerall dyettis and 
Courtis bot at thair first citatioun & appeirance in judgement thay may be tane 
ordour with and dismissed, and no just caus of grief and complaint ministrat unto 
theme, so that it may evidentlie appeir and be known to all men that the speciall 
cast and proiect of this commissioune is for triall of the saidis resaittis, ouir that 
under the pretext thairof no vther thing is pretendit we doubt (not) bot your 
lordschip in your awin honorabill dispositione to equitie and iustice will more con- 
siderablie and resp^ctiuellie behaue yourself in that errand, nor can we aduise your 
lordschip to do, and so wischeing your lordschip a progress & happy succes in that 
seruice and recommending your lordschip to Godis protectioune we rest for ever 
your lordschippis verrye louing and good friendis. Signed. 

" A cancellarius Glasgow, Jo. Prestoun, Balfour, R Cokburne Alexander Hay 
J. Cokburne Sr J. Hamiltouns clericus registri Edinburghe. — From a copy in the 
Earl of Haddington's Collections in the General Register House. 

" 1612. April 15. Commission against Patrick Dow MacGregor. 

*' James &c Forasmuch as it is understood to us and lords of our privy Council 
that Patrick MacGregour M'^Cotter and John M'^Conochie V^Ean duy M^regour 
two of the most notable thieves, and limmers of the ClanGregour are lately taken 
and apprehended by the Earl of Perth. Commission given to John Master of 
Maddertie, and others to try them. — Record of Secret Council, Commissions. 

'' May 8. Alexander Earl of Linlithgow, Alexander Livingstone of Belstane and 
James Carmichael of Pottishaw became sureties to the Council for Patrick 
Livingstone, son of the late Patrick Aldoch. 

" May 8. At Edinburgh. In the Court of Justiciary of our serene Lord the 
King held in the Judgment Hall of Edinburgh by Mr William Heart. 

"Entered, — Dougall M^Gregour alias Dougall M*^Condochie. 
CaUum McGregor called M*^Allestersone. 
Duncane M*^Carlich Culzanie M*^Gregour. 
Dilatit for being in company with the Laird of MacGregour and his complices at 
the raid and field of Glenfrune, in the month of Feb. 1603. and for being in 
company with the Laird of M*^Gregour ^ at the burning of Bamehall ^ pertaining to 
Colin Campbell of Lawers, where they slew nine men and three bairns, Robert 
Abroch MacGregor and John M%drik being there with them in company. 

"June 2. Precept of Remission to Patrick, Alexander and Duncan formerly 
called MacGregors, now Levingstounes, sons of the late Patrick Aldoch, M^Gregour 
^ Probably the << Tutor" Duncan M^'Ewin MacGregour. ' AberachilL 



400 History of the Clan Gregor [1612 

in Chorychorumbie for art and part in the burning of the houses and outsteads of 
the lands of Glenlochie belonging to Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy, knight, 
committed by them in the month (of April) in the year of our Lord one thousand 
six hundred (and four) and for all other crimes, &a.— Privy Seal, 81-24." 

Note by Mr MacGregor Stirling. The blanks in this record are supplied 
by that of the Justiciary, 28th June 1612, which mentions the burning of 
Glenlochy to have taken place in April 1604, which it will be recollected 
was a few months only after the father of the three individuals above men- 
tioned had been executed by the verdict of a Jury of whom Colin 
Campbell, younger of Glenurquhy, was one. 

"June 18. Letter from William Buchannan of Drummikill to his Moving 
Uncle ' William Buchanan in Drummikill : — 

" * Loving uncle and best friend, I haif ressaved ane direction from the Erie of 
Argyll his Majesties commissioner to travel with Galium * Gregour to bring him to his 
Majesties peace and service, Thairfoir I will desyre zow to tak the panis to travell 
with sik as ze know that hes credeit off Galium to bring him privilie to sum quiet 
place quhair I and ze may confer with him thairanent, at lynth quhilk sail (end 
to his Weill and I sail schaw zow at meting my credeit in this bissines swa that 
ze, nor nane uther quhome ze send to him, misters ? to fear or take ony scrupill, for 
I haif ane sufficient warrand And sua to zour diligens herein and aduertisement 
I rest zouris brothersone, William Buchannan of Drummikill' — From the Kirk of 
Bonnell. — Original of Letter in General Register House, Edinburgh. 

" 1612. July 23. Allaster M^Connochy V^Allaster in Ardlarich (who seems to 
have been of the three or four classed with Glenstray's Tutor in his Majesty's letter 
to the Council 23. Oct) formally in the presence of the Council took the name of 
Menzies, when the Earl of Argyll was his surety under penalty of 1000 merks.— 
Record of Secret Council Fines. 

" July 24. Next day Alexander Balfour of Currie became surety for Donald and 
John Bsdfours sons of the late Patrick Aldoch McGregor. — Records of Secret 
Council. Fines 16 19. 

"July 16. At Edinburgh The quhilk day Alexander Levingstoune fear of West 
Quarter, became plege and souertie for Allaster and Duncane Levingstounes 
in callendrech of Menteith in sumtyme of ye surname of M^regour That thay sail 
compeir &c the 31. instant and underly the law for the allegit airt and pt, of the 
slaughter of Robert M^^Patrick oig in Strathyre &a. — Record of Justiciary Book of 
Cautions. 

" Argyll rendered an accompt of his office to the Council this month when 
seventy of the ClanGregor rested upon him. 

^ " Malcolm oig M^Gr^or V^Dougall Keir " Chieftain of his House, see page 272. 



i6i2] Trial of certain MacGregors 401 

"July 28, Commission to Glenurquhie to try Johmie Dow M*^Gregor in 
Dowletter son to Gregor M*^£ane Patrick and . . . M^Gr^ours. sons to the said 
John Dow presently in his custody. — Record of Secret Council. 

"July 28. In the Court of Justiciary of our Sovereign Lord the King held in 
the Judgement Hall of Edinburgh 28. July 161 2. by Mr William Heart of Prestoun 
Justiciary. Entered 

Gregor beg McGregor son to umquhile Gregor M^eane. 

Gregor M*^Allaster galt,^ 

John M^indreiche — (Johne Dow M^Inleith as appears farther down in same), 

John Dow M'^gille phadrick V^obert, 

Allaster M^allaster V*^coule, 

Patrick M*<jregor Craiginsche, 

Duncane M'^Coule cheir, 

Patrick roy McGregor son to John M^Phadrick in Ranache, 

Gr^or M^eane V'^coule cheir, 

Johnne Dow moir M^regor in Rora, 
^ Dilaitit of certain crimes of theft, slaughter, burning. 

" The which day (recapitulation of the above names) Being all pre- 
sented upon pannel dilaitit and accused and pursued by dittay at the instance of Sir 
William OUphant of Newtoun knicht advocate, to our Sovereign Lord, for his 
Highness interest, of the crimes respectively following, viz. (the first four names) for 
art and part of the treasonable raising of fire, burning and destroying of the haill 

houses and biggings of Glenlochie and Achallater, and for the slaughter of 

M^Coleane bowman to the Laird of Glenurquhie with divers uyeris persons to the 
number of eight persons, burning of three young bairns, daughters to Johnn 
M^Kishock and for stealing of six score cows and oxen furth of Glenlyoun com- 
mitted in April 1604. And such like the said (enumerating the next five on the list) 
being indicted and accused for art and part of the bummg and destroying of the 
haill houses and biggings upon the forty merk land of Aberuchill pertaining to 
Colene Campbell and for the slaughter of Duncane Webst, John Seatoune, Patrick 
Stabache, John M^illievorich, burning of the three daughters of John M^Kishack, 
stealing and away taking <^ eighteen score of cows, six score piece of horse, eight 
score sheep and goats, pertaining to the said Colene and likewise for burning of the 
mill of Bolquhaster with the haill houses and biggings upon the grounds and 
lands of Came Doune and Dillater pertaining to Robert Campbell of Glen- 
falloche and of his haill houses and biggings upon his lands of Airdcane, Knochane 
committed by them in the month of June 161 1. Item the said Gr^or McGregor 
beg, for . . the slaughter of umquhile Solomon Lany alias Buchanane committed 
at the Kirk of Kilmaheug twenty years ago, or thereby. Item the said John Dow 

^ Youngest son of Allaster Gait. 

3E 



402 History of the Clan Gregor [1612 

M^gillephadrick for .... of the stealing and away taking fiirth of Glenfynles of a 
great heirschip of cows and oxen pertaining to the Laird of Luss and his tenants, 
and slaughter of umquhile John Reid wobster and Patrick Lang servant to 
the Laird of Luss committed upon the said lands of Glenfinles in the month 
of December 1602. And siclike the said John Dow moir McGregor in Rora 
for stealing and away taking of a great number of goods pertaining to mylord 
Ogilvie furth of Glenylay And sicklike for taking and keeping of the island called 
Island vamach against his Majesty's commissioner and hiring and oppressing of the 
whole tenants and inhabitants of the country about, taking and inbringing of the 
haill guids and bestiall to the number of eight score cows and oxen, eighteen score 
sheep and goats which were eaten and slain by them within the said island. Item 
the haill forenamed persons indicted and accused for common theft, common reset 
of theft, common soming, and oppressing of his Majesty's peaceable subjects and 
for intercommuning with the rest of the surname of M^regours fugitives and at the 
horn and furnishing of them with meat, drink, and money and keeping of trysts, 
councils, and gatherings with them contrary to the tenour of his Majesty's procla- 
mations, were all put to the knowledge of an assize of the persons following "... 
After the usual formalities of the assise the Court was re-entered Where the said 
David Drummond Chancellor in name of the said Assyse all in one voice exponed, 
pronounced, and declared the said persons on pannel in respect of their own con- 
fession to be filled culpable and convicted of the crimes respectively above speci- 
fied, contained in the dittay for the which cause the Justice by the mouth of Alex. 
Kennedy dempster decerned and ordained the said ten persons to be taken to the 
burrough muir of Edinburgh and there to be executed &a. — Record of High 
Court of Justiciary. 

''July 28. Precept of Remission on account of the broken state of the 
Highlands to Duncan M^Robert M^Gregour now called Grahame for the treasonable 
raising of fire and burning of the barn of Blair-vadden lying within the Dukedom 
of Lennox in Feb. 1603. as also for the treasonable raising of fire and burning of the 
places and house of Aberughill belonging to Colin Campbell of Aberughill in the 
month of and for all other crimes. — Privy Seal. 

" July. Item to Archibald Armstrong for his pains in attending his Majesty's 
service in the Highlands with larg doggis against the ClanGregor, ;£ioo. — Lord 
High Treasurer's Books. 

"July 30. Lord St Colme gave power to William Buchanan of Drumakill * To 
trait and deill with Galium McGregor 'till 15. August — Gea Register House. 

"16 1 2. August 21. Commission for trying the Resetters of the ClanGregor. 
Same preamble as on Nov. 21. 161 1. — Record of Council. 

"Sep. II. For wearing hagbutts &a Johnne Stewart in Strangarvalt, Walter 
Patrick and Duncane Stewartis his brothers, Andro MTarlane in Letter, Duncane 
MTarlane his brother, William Buchanan in Glengyle, Johnne Grahame son to 



Lundie to have Charge of the Clan Gregor 403 

Alexander Grahame in Craigvohtie, Andro Grahame his brother, Robert M^clarrane 
in Balquhidder, M*=clairrane his son there, Donald M^Callum there, Gregour 
M^Gr^our M^^Coulle and Duncan Fergussoun in Strathyre. — Record of Council 

" The Secret Council wrote to the King that the Earl of Argyle had exhibited 
eleven individuals of the ClanGregour resting upon him at the former account and 
who had changed their names and found caution. 

" 1612. Sep. 18. Pleis zour sacred Maiestie The Erll of Ergyle compeiring this 
day befoir zour Maiesties Counsaill he exhibite elleven of that nomber of the Clan- 
Gregr resting upoun him be his formair accompt who he changeit thair names and 
found caution conform to the ordoure He hes a warrand grantit to him for 
his repair towards zour Maiestie according to zour pleasour and directioun signifeit 
unto us be zour Maiesteis letrs of the 7. of this instant and he hes nominat the 
Laird of Lundy his bruther to have a care of the prosequutioun of that service till 
his retume, who hes undertane the chairge with promisses to do his endeavour to 
bring the same to some settled perfectioun. We haif had sundrie conferences anent 
the baimes of the ClanGregour and hes consultis and advysit heirupoun with the 
Landlordis whose aduice and opinioun is, that that string sail not be tutcheit nor no 
motioun maid thairof quhil the service now in handis aganis the men be first 
settled and brocht to ane end at whiche tyme the executioun of everie suche course 
as salbe then resolved upoun aganis the baimis may with the lesse difficultie be 
effecheat This is all that hes been done with him at this meeting so with oure 
heartie prayeris unto God recommending zoure Maiestie to Godis divyne protectioun 
we rest zour Maiestie's most humble and obedient subiectis and servitouris. — Al. 
Cancells. Alex. Hay of Edinburgh. Original of letter, in Sir James Balfour's 
Collections in Advocates' Library, Edinburgh. 

"Sep. 18. Argyll nominated his brother Coline Campbell of Lundie to have 
charge of the ClanGregour as above. He declared that quhairas the Kingis 
Maiestie was graciouslie pleasit that he sould repair to court for some necessar 
occasionis of his advis and he being loath that in the tyme of his absence 
his Maiesties service aganis the ClanGregour sould be neglectit Thairfoir &a Lundie 
being present accepted the charge." 

From the " Register of the Privy Council," edited by Dr Masson. 

"16 1 2. Oct 5. Letter from the Council to the Commissioners against 
the ClanGregour. We have ressavit from the Lord of Scone four of the Clan- 
gregour who wer laitlie tane be Duncane the Tutour and we undirstand by a letter 
sent unto the said Lord that Duncane hes apprehendit and tane Patrik Aldoche 
and his bruther Duncan Wherein we acknowledge that the Tutour hes weill begun 
in that service and we do look that he will continew not onlie by a present deliverie 
of these tua now in his handis to the effect that thay may be exhibite heir befoir 
the Counsale bot lykewise that he will prosequute that service undirtane be him to 



404 History of the Clan Gregor [161 2 

the uttermost and quhat promeis and conditioun hes bene maid to him he may 
confidentlie expect the performance of the same." 

From the " Chartulary " :— 

"Nov. 24. The Erll of Ergyll contra Wm. M^Intosch Anent our Souerane 
lordis lettres raisit at the instance of Archibald Erll of Ergyll his Maiesties 
Lieutenant Justice and commissionair aganis the Clangregor Makand mentioun 
That quhair Duncane M^eane V^eaneduy M^regor in Rannach ane common and 
notorious thief being taen and apprehendit at the said Erlls directioun be Williame 
M^ntosche of Bordland, Neuertheles the said Williame hes not deleurit to the said 
Lieutenant the said Duncane, bot keipes him still in his handis of purpois, and in- 
tentioun as the said Erll is informed, to put him to libertie. — Secret Coimcil. 

''Nov. 22. Patrick Drummond in Darmaglen (Dalmarkland) and Duncane 
Drummond M^AIlaster in Dundurne are fined each in £$ for shooting with guns, 
and killing Roebucks, by the Justices of the Peace in Perthshire. 

" 1612. Dec. 10. Ai^ll complained to the Council of Duncan M*^Quorquordale 
brother of Duncane M^^Quorquordale of Phantillare and John Dow M^^Quorquordale 
suspected guilty of the slaughter of Glenfrune &a and having their haunt in the 
bounds of Argyll — Secret Council 

"Dec. II. At Edinburgh the 9. Duncan M*^Corcodell of Fantelands became 
plege and souertie for Lauchlane M'^Corcodale Notter his brother That he sail 
compeir the 16. day of Merche next to come and underly the law for ye allegit 
being in cumpanie wt uroqle Allaster McGregor of Glenstrae and his complices at 
ye raid of Glenfrune. under the pane &a. — Record of Justiciary. 

"161 2. Dec. 12. Lauchlane M^Quorquordill brother to Duncane M^Quor- 
quordill of Phantellene and Johnne Dow M^Quorquordill charged for resett and 
assistance to the ClanGregour. 

" Dec 22. The Council fined twenty-nine individuals who by the report of the 
Commissioner for trying them for intercourse with ClanGregour, had been convicted 
on their judicial confession. 

♦John Dow M^ean V^hatrick brother to the goodman of Tullochgorme, 

*Ewin Grant in Turk, 

*John M*^condochy in Gartb^, 

*Andro Shaw in Glenschamoch, 

♦John M*William V^eane in TuUoch, 

Patrick oig M'^thome Grant in Rimor. 
♦William beg M*^eane V*angus in Dill of Abemethy, 

Angus M^William in Inneresche in Badzenoch, 

Jolm Dow in Innerhaven, 

Donald M*^Allaster Roy in Foness, 

Those thus marked * were, on the Srd June 161 3, put to the horn. 



i6i2] Resetters put to the Horn 405 

Allaster Dow M^Conneil reach in Trombeg, 

William Smart, burges of Tayne, 
^Alexander Murray sometime MacGr^or in Ardclathie, 

Alexander Murray his sone, 
^William Gau in Rothiemoune, 
^William M^nla MMonche in Drum, 
^Duncan Grant in Ledach, 

John Ross of Holme, 

John Grant of Glenmoriston, 

Archibald Grant his brother, 
♦James M^conneill voir in Dalvert, 

Donald Campbell of Duntrune, 

Gillespie M^Clauchlan V^olchollum of Ashacha, 

Duncan Stewart of Innemathavil, 

John Abroch of Glenwan, 

Duncan Ochoather Leyt in Donoleyt beg, 

Duncan M'^Phadrick V^ichol in Bowlindowich, 

Duncan M^ean V*^ewin V^dougall in Millich, 

John Stewart of ArdselL 

These are ordered to pay within ten days Certain were 3. June the following year 
put to the horn. — Record of Secret Council." 

Those thus marked * were, on the 3rd June 1613, put to the horn. 



[i6i3 



Chapter XXXII 
Remission to Robert Abroch 

PJ^ROM the « Chartulaiy " :— 

'< 1613. Jan 12. The quhilk day it is thocht meet and expedient be the Lordis 
of secreit Counsaill That ane remissioun salbe past and exped to Robert Abroche ^ 
M^regour conforme to his Majesties directioun send to the Lord Chancellor to 
that effect the said Robert first renunceing his name, and finding caution for his 
deutifull behaviour, redres of pairtyis to be harmed and skaithit be him, for his 
personall compeirance quhen he salbe callit and that he sail not resett, supplie, 
intercomoun, assist, nor tak part with the ClanGregour. — Record of Secret Council 
''Jan. 14. Letter Sir Thomas Hamilton of Byres to the King.' 
"'The counsall ressaved your Majesties letter concerning Robin Abroches 
remissioun and protection which upon hope of your Majesties gracious permission 
they have delayed to performe, till be thair direction to me; your Majestie may be 
informed be my letter, that Robin Abroch is reported to have beine the most 
bluidie, and violent murthourar and oppressour of all that damned race and maist 
terrible to all the honest men of the cuntrie who now ressaving favour above all 
utheris of his kin, being dispensed from compeirance before the Counsall, to 
mensweare his name, and from finding caution for his compeirance before the 
Counsall, whanever he salbe chairged under competent paynes, which hes beine 
the ordour prescryved to all the rest of that Clan without exception. The &vour 
grantit to him gevis him louse renzeis, discourages these who stand in feir of his 
barborous oppression, and may move other brokin men to stand out till they get 
the lyk conditions, and perhaps tempt some who stand alreddie bound to the 
peace, to lope fiirth whill thay obteane the lyke freedom, and immunitie, from all 
ordour, and obedience. And thairfore the Counsall most humble craives your 
Majestie may allow thame to urge Robin Abroch to observe the common ordour 
prescryved to all utheris of his Clan, and obeyed inviolable be such as obteaned 

1 Second surviving son of Duncan Abroch. See chapters xvi. and xxvii. 
* It appears from this correspondence that Robert Abroch had appealed direct to the King 
instead of through the G>undl, who were, therefore, the more incensed against Robert. 



i6i3] Robert Abroch 407 

remissions. Bot if your Majestie be resolved to the contrare, upon signification of 
your determined pleasour they will most reddelie obey your ro^ commandmentSi 
and do intend for present saiftie to grant him ane protection, whill the 15 day of 
May. providing he forbeare to repair to the Schirifdoms of Dumbarten, Stirlingi 
Perth and Invemes. Thairfore I most humbie beseik your Majestie to retume the 
signification of your good pleasour so sone as convenientlie may be in thir purposes, 
&a.' — MS. in Sir James Balfour's Collections, Advocates' Library, Edinburgh. 

"Jan. 14. His Majesties missive concerning Robert Abroch wes presented 
and red in counsell Bot becaus he culd not find caution for his dewtifull behaviour 
in tyme cuming, and for his remaining furth of the boundis, quhair formarlie he 
committit his insolencies, the Counsell hes superseidit the expeiding of his remis* 
sioun till the knawledge of his Majesties pleasour, And in the mein tyme thay have 
grantit unto him ane protectioun, to be untroubled quhill the XV day of maii next 
with promeis that he sail not hant within the boundis abonewritten quhill that day, 
and that he sail compeir befoir the Counsell gif he sail happin to be dischairgit 
afoir that day. The Laird of Lundie brother to the Erll of Argyll being to repair 
to Court, to confer with his brother anent the service of the ClanGregour as he 
pretendis, he hes nominat the Laird of Laweris to have the charge of that service 
till his retume, and upoun Laweris acceptatioun of the charge, Lundie is to have a 
licence for his upcuming. — Balfour's Collections. 

'' 1613. Jan 21. Proclamation in favour of Robert Abroche. 

"James &a. To all and sundry. 'Forasmuch as Robert Abroche M^Gregour 
being moved with a hatred and detestation of the wicked and unhappy trade oft 
life, of the rebellious thieves and limmers called the ClanGregour, and being most 
desirous to become our lawful subject, and to live hereafter in the rank and 
condition of a humble and obedient subject, he has for this effect, not only entered 
in action against the said limmers and brought in some of the specials of them who 
have worthily suffered death, but with that he has come in to our court, and offered 
to employ his person in whatsoever our services, as well against the ClanGregour 
as others.' 

" Received into favour on finding caution and taken under special protection, 
defence, supply, maintenance and safeguard 21 Jan. 16 13. 

<< Jan. 26. Proclamation that none of the ClanGregour wear armour. 

<*< Forasmuch as some of the ClanGregour who are guilty of that detestable, 
barbarous, and cruel butcherie, and slaughter committed upon our Sovereign 
Lord's peaceable and good subjects at Glenfirune and of the fire raisings, herships, 
and depredations committed since upon Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurquhy, 
Alexander Colquhoun of Luss, and Coline Campbell of Aberurquhill, taking new 
breath and courage unto them, upon a foolish conceit and apprehension conceived 
by them that the courses intended, and in hands for reducing of that Clan to 
obedience were become void and frustrated They have begun to flock together in 



4o8 History of the Clan Gregor [1613 

companies anned with fwords, taiges, bows, darlochs, haiquebatSi pistoletts and 
other weapons invasive, and they go athwart the country soming, oppressing^ 
quarrelling, and injuring his Majesty's good subjects, in all parts where Uiey may 
be masters, and commanders and their pride and insolency is come to this height, 
that they are become careless, of whatsoever courses are undertaken for reducing 
of them to obedience, so that if some strict order be not taken with them whereby 
they may be retained, and held under obedience and fear of the law, the estate and 
condition of his Majesty's subjects dwelling ewest unto them will become as hard 
and worse nor at any time heretofore. Therefore the King's Majesty with advice 
of the Lords of the secret Council has statuted and ordained That no person or 
persons whatsomever of the ClanGr^our who are guilty of the cruel and detestable 
crime foresaid committed at Glenfroone, and of the fireraisings, murders, slaughters, 
herschips, and depredations committed since upon the said Sir Duncane Campbell 
of Glenurquhy, Alexander Colquhoun of Luss, And Coline Campbell of Aberurquhill, 
shall at any time after the publication hereof, bear or wear any kind of armour 
except ane pointless knife, to cut their meat, under the pain of death, to be 
executed upon the person, or persons whatsomever, who shall violate and contravene 
this present act, and ordinance, and ordain letters to be directed to make publication 
hereof &a by open proclamation at the market crosses of Perth, Stirling, Dumbarton 
Inverness and other places needful, in order that none pretend ignorance of the 
same and to command and charge all Sheriffs, Stewards, Justices of the Peace, 
Provosts and Baillies within burgh, and other judges, magistrates and officers 
whatsoever to take and apprehend all such persons of the ClanGr^our who are 
guilty of the crimes abovewritten whom they shall find to bear or wear any kind of 
armour except a pointless knife, as said is, and to bring, present and exhibit to his 
Majesty's justice, to the effect the said punishment of death may be executed upon 
them as the said Sherrifs &a will answer upon their obedience. — ^Record of Secret 
Council' 

'* 1613. Feb. 9. Letter Campbell of Glenurchy to the King. 

'''Please your excellent Majesty Yo