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, . GIFT OF 






. 





-.^-,^, 1^ \ p. 




t^^':-. ^1 . 



■:*■;-? ^-- 






'V 



t » u -t •' ' 




OF THE 



CLASS OF 1868 



YALE COLLEGE 



1864-1914 



COMPILED BY 

Henry P. Wright, Class Secretary 






• ■• --'*».» 



> « - • • 



• : .'- • » - 



NEW HAVEN 
The Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor Press 

1914 



\ 






So with us, Classmates, in the coming years 
Which shall convey us onward to the tomb, 
We shall grow feeble, weak and bent with toil, 
But college memories ne*er will lose their bloom. 

And when our footsteps lead us here again 
To view these scenes oft thought of with delight. 
We may be wayworn, weary with life's work. 
But olden memories ever will be bright. 

Linn's Class Poem. 






'V 



Dear Classmates: 

This book, without doubt the last that will be issued by 
Sixty-eight, has been prepared especially for the members of 
the class and their families. It contains the history of the 
class since its admission to college in the fall of 1864, and 
includes biographical sketches of all its members, graduate and 
non-graduate. For the sake of completeness, the important parts 
of previous class histories have been retained in this. Class- 
mates who died early have not been forgotten, but have been 
considered just as worthy of a place in the book as those who 
have been blessed with a longer life. 

Following your wishes, as expressed at the reunion in June 
last, portraits of members of the Faculty are included, and two 
portraits of each member of the class when these could be 
obtained. In a few cases it has been found impossible to get 
any photographs of classmates, except those taken at the time 
of our graduation. The plan of putting side by side two pictures 
of each man, one taken at graduation and the other in mature 
life, originated with the Class of '62, and has been followed by 
so many classes that it has become a custom which seems likely 
to be adopted by every class secretary in the preparation of 
one of the books published a quarter-century or more after 
graduation. 

My correspondence with you, kept up during so many years, 
has taken time, both yours and mine. To me it has been a 
pleasant recreation, amid the more burdensome duties of a busy 
life. It is too much to believe that my frequent inquiries for 
information have always been welcome, but I appreciate the 
general promptness and completeness of your answers, and am 
grateful that no one of you has ever shown to me any sign 
of annoyance because he had to write to me so often. For your 
frequent expressions of personal regard I am truly grateful. I 
do not propose to drop my correspondence with you on the 
publication of this book. I ask you to keep me well informed 
regarding the events of your individual and family history, that 



'^\)[VZ'7\ 



iv THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

T may from time to time send out letters like those issued in 
191 1 and 1912. Of course you will advise me promptly of any 
change in address. 

The Class Secretary of '84, the publishers of the Decrow Book, 
and the editors of the Yale Alumni Weekly have kindly loaned 
plates for several views of college buildings and for some por- 
traits of the Faculty. For valuable help in gathering material 
regarding many non-graduates, I am under obligations to my 
friend and former assistant in the Dean's Office, Mr. Elmer E. 
Beeck of New York City. 

Affectionately yours, 

Henry P. Wright, 

Class Secretary. 
New Haven, April 28, 1914. 







OF THE 



CLASS OF SIXTY- EIGHT 



THE CLASS 

On September 14, 1864, the Class of Sixty-eight entered Yale 
with one hundred and forty-one members. During the second and 
third terms of Freshman year twelve others joined, making 
the whole number of Freshmen one hundred and fifty-three. 
Eighteen were added in Sophomore year, five in Junior year, and 
one after the Junior annual. The whole number connected with 
the class during the four college years was one hundred and 
seventy-seven. The class lost by withdrawal or dismissal, in 
Freshman year thirty-four, in Sophomore year twenty-four, in 
Junior year nine, and two failed to receive their degrees. Three 
members of the class died during the four years : Edwin Dodge 
Ryan during the first summer vacation, Henry Saunders Tim- 
merman during the first term of Sophomore year, and James 
Sherman Loomis during the first term of Senior year. On the 
23d of July, 1868, one hundred and five received the degree of 
B.A. Five, who left during the course, subsequently received 
the academical degree from Yale and were enrolled with the 
class, on the list of which, in the Quinquennial Catalogue, there 
are one hundred and ten names. 

A large part of the class received their preparation at well- 
known academies. Phillips Academy, Andover, furnished 
twenty-five; Williston Seminary, twelve; Hopkins Grammar 
School, eight; Hudson River Institute, five; Albany Academy, 
four; Connecticut Literary Institution, four; Ithaca Academy, 
four; Wesleyan Academy, four; Phillips Exeter Academy, three: 



•••• ... •• 

• ;•• ••••/••• 



THE 'class of 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Hartford High School, three; General RusseH's Collegiate 
Institute, three; Worcester (Mass.) High School, three; Peeks- 
kill Academy, three; Edwards Place School (Stockbridge, 
Mass.), three; Trumansburgh (N. Y.) Academy, two; Yonkers 
Collegiate Institute, two; West Chester Academy, two; City 
University of St. Louis, two. Forty-three preparatory schools 
each sent one representative, and forty-two members of the class 
were prepared privately. 

The Civil War closed during our Freshman year. Nineteen 
members of Sixty-eight had served as volunteers in the Army 
or Navy of the United States before joining the class. Eight 
enlisted from Connecticut, five from Massachusetts, two from 
Pennsylvania, and one each from Rhode Island, New York, New 
Jersey, and Delaware. 

Sixty-five per cent, of the class came from New England and 
New York. Nearly one-half were born in the two States of 
New York and Connecticut, the former being the birthplace of 
forty-eight and the latter of thirty-eight. Twenty-two were 
born in Massachusetts, eleven in Pennsylvania, ten in Ohio, seven 
in Illinois, five in New Jersey, five in Tennessee, three in Maine, 
three in New Hampshire, three in Vermont, three in Maryland, 
three in Michigan, three in India, two in Rhode Island, two in 
Kentucky, two in Missouri, and two in Wisconsin. Delaware, 
Louisiana, the District of Columbia, Chile and Turkey each 
contributed one. 

At the beginning of Freshman year, September 14, 1864, the 
average age of the class, including all who ever belonged to it, 
was eighteen years and eight months. On Commencement Day, 
July 23, 1868, the average age of the one hundred and five gradu- 
ates was twenty-two years and five months. The age of the 
oldest member of the class, George Eastburn, was twenty-nine 
years, nine months and twenty-eight days ; of the youngest mem- 
ber, William C. Wood, nineteen years, two months and three 
days. Thirteen men were graduated, at twenty or under, and 
twelve at twenty-five or over. Fifty-one, or nearly one-half, were 
born in the years 1846 and 1847. The religious preferences of 
the class, as shown by attendance at church, were: Congrega- 
tionalists and Presbyterians, seventy-three; Episcopalians, nine- 
teen; Methodists, seven; Baptists, three; Universalist, one; 
Lutheran, one. 



THE FOUR COLLEGE YEARS 

Freshman Year 

By the beginning of Freshman year every member of the 
class had been pledged to either Linonia or Brothers. A rather 
small number attended the regular meetings of these literary 
societies, but in the annual Prize Debates, of which each society 
held one for each of the four classes, there was great interest, 
and the speakers were always sure of a large and enthusiastic 
audience. Every member of Sixty-eight, except Woodruff, joined 
either Delta Kappa, Kappa Sigma Epsilon, or Gamma Nu, the 
three Freshman societies whose meetings were held on Saturday 
evenings. These societies were beneficial in many ways. They gave 
every man the chance to get acquainted with a considerable por- 
tion of the class at the outset. They did much to create a healthy 
class spirit. They gave opportunity for some literary work, and 
for unobjectionable entertainment. They kept the Freshmen in 
New Haven on Saturday evenings. As no member of the class 
was excluded from their privileges, they were thoroughly 
democratic. 

The Presidential election of 1864 aroused great interest in the 
college world, and nearly all Yale students were enrolled either 
in the Yale Union Club or the Yale McClellan Club. At the 
grand Yale Union Meeting in Brothers Hall, letters were read 
from Edward Everett, William C. Bryant, Charles Sumner, 
Joseph P. Thompson and William M. Evarts, and stirring 
addresses made by Henry B. Harrison and Professor Northrop. 
For the first time we witnessed the enthusiasm of a Yale audience, 
and felt proud that we were a part of Yale College. 

On November 16 of this year, the corner stone of the Yale 
School of the Fine Arts was laid with appropriate ceremonies. 
The chief address was given by Professor E. E. Salisbury. In 
the same month the college was called to mourn the loss of one 
of its most distinguished scholars. Professor Benjamin Silliman, 
who died on Thanksgiving Day. 

There were frequent collisions on the street between Sixty- 
seven and Sixty-eight during the first few weeks. These helped 
to develop a class spirit, and both classes enjoyed a good rush. 



4 THE CLASS OF i86b, YALE COLLEGE 

That these hostile meetings were not always accidental is shown 
by the following notice, which was read in each of the three 
Freshman Societies on a certain Saturday evening in the first 
term, and therefore reached nearly every man in the class: 

"Reliable information having: been obtained that the Sophomores are 
intending to come out to-night and rush the Gass of '68 while coming 
home from their different Societies, it has been deemed advisable for the 
three Societies to coalesce and march up together. The best plan will be 
for Kappa Sigma Epsiion to adjoum, if possible, at 10.30 o'clock and come 



in a body to Gamma Nu Hall, which latter Society will then come down 
and unite with Kappa Sigma Epsiion on the sidewalk, and march up to 
Delta Kappa Hall. The three will then coalesce and march up together. 
It is to be hoped that a large company will be thus gathered together, for 
much depends upon this struggle. Will every man be on hand ? 

"P. S. The Sophomores are also intending to haie certain ones to-night. 

"Will this notice be read in Delta Kappa this evening? The same will be 
read in Kappa Sigma Epsiion and Gamma Nu, and the three Societies 
should take action accordingly." 

We made an early acquaintance with Candy Sam, who was 
always to be found, just before recitation, in his place leaning 



THE FOUR COLLEGE YEARS S 

against the wall of the old Atheneum, and, with his dejected 
smile, trying to persuade us to part with our fractional currency. 
Hannibal, with his "fine, fresh, pure, genuine, superior, excel- 
lent, home-made, old-fashioned" article, did not condescend to 
deal with Freshmen "as such." 

The Thanksgiving Recess, in 1864, included Thanksgiving Day 
and the Friday and Saturday following. By a peculiar rule 
then in force, those who did not leave town for this recess were 



CANDY SAM 

put together in new divisions and required to attend the usual 
recitations. The Thanksgiving Jubilee amused those who were 
so unfortunate as to remain in New Haven for this short recess. 
Brewster, Durant, Foster and Smith represented Sixty-eight on 
the Jubilee Committee. We cheerfully furnished the presidents 
and secretary for the evening, who were selected in strict accord- 
ance with the standing rule, stated thus on the program : 

"The Committee will measure and select the two shortest men in the 
Freshman Class for Presidents of the meeting, and the longest man for 
Secretary. The audience arc requested to pass the candidates to the stage 
with great care." 



FRESHMAN FACULTY 



THE FOUR COLLEGE YEARS 7 

H. S. Swayne was the Director of the "Yale Orchestra," and 
Billy Bragg was on the program for a banjo solo. 

Following the college custom of our time, the class came out 
with bangers and beavers on Washington's Birthday. About 
this time also occurred the memorable rush between Sixty-seven 
and Sixty-eight on High Street, which was begun by the attempt 
of Sixty-seven to drag several members of Wright's Club from 
the dining room into the street. The police, as usual in those 
days, were unable to stop the "riot" ; but when Tutor Peck and 
other members of the Faculty were seen coming down High 
Street, men of discretion suddenly remembered that they had 
business elsewhere. 

In Freshman year a temperance society was formed, whose 
members signed a pledge approved by President Woolsey and 
binding only while the signers were undergraduates of the 
College : 

"We hereby pledge ourselves, on our solemn oath and on our honor 
as gentlemen, to abstain wholly from the use of intoxicating liquors, 
except for medicinal purposes, until the close of our college course." 

Fifty-six names of members of Sixty-eight were on this 
pledge. 

For instruction and discipline, the class was divided alpha- 
betically into four divisions, and carried on four courses of 
study through the year. During the first term, the fifth and 
sixth books of the Odyssey were read with Professor Hadley, 
and the first book of Livy with Tutor Wright. Tutor Dexter 
taught Euclid, and Tutor Peck, Day's Algebra. In the second 
and third terms. Tutor Wright read with the class the twenty- 
first and twenty-second books of Livy and the Odes of Horace. 
Tutor Dexter followed Professor Hadley with one of our pleas- 
antest courses in Greek, consisting of the ninth book of the 
Odyssey and selections from Herodotus and Lucian. Tutor Otis 
instructed in Euclid and Trigonometry, and Tutor Peck gave us 
valuable work in Latin Composition and Roman History. 

Twenty-five members of the class took part in the Freshman 
Prize Debates, nine in Linonia and sixteen in Brothers. The 
awards were: 



^,,*v pwi« 9,;,^^^^ 



(^he wavin <^^cfc (^ome 

WEST HAVEN. 

Shuiidaa, Jati^ SOih, IS'bS. 



i. A. UFSON, Saperintendent. 



THE FOUR COLLEGE YEARS 9 

LJnonia: ist Prize, Brewster; 2d Prizes, G. H. Lewis and 

B. M. Wilson ; 3d Prize, J. Lewis. 
Brothers: ist Prizes, Ayers and Welles; ad Prizes, Hume 

and Tinker; 3d Prize, J. H. Thomas. 

The IVoolscy Scholarship was won by W. C. Wood ; the 
Hurlbut, by Wright ; and the Runk, by Lawrence, 

The first Mathematical Priae was awarded to Miller, and the 
second to Harger, 



Annual examinations were introduced at the end of our Fresh- 
man year, and we were the first class to have four annuals. On 
July 20, immediately after the last session of the examination, 
we celebrated with a Dinner at Savin Rock. The class marched 
down Chapel Street to the old station, headed by Tompkins' 
Band of Waterbury, took a special train to West Haven, and 
marched to the Savin Rock House, where we had an Annual 
Jubilee Dinner, called Annual, not because it was to be repeated 
each year, but because it came at the close of the Annual Exam- 
ination. The Jubilee poem was written by Vamum, and the 
class histories by Bull and Linn. The Jubilee Committee con- 
sisted of Bingham, Bragg, Bull, Coffin, Greene, Parsons, Sloane, 
Tytus, and Tweedy. The following week, a few of us went up 



, YALE COLLEGE 



to Worcester and saw a Yale crew come in with a good lead 
over Harvard, the only victory in a University race which we 
ever had the pleasure, as undergraduates, of witnessing. 



Sophomore Year 

We returned after the first summer vacation much reduced in 
numbers, but with all the usual characteristics of a Sophomore 
class. In that year the disorders between the two lower classes 
were said to be unusually serious, and many members of Sixty- 
eight were suspended, among them some of the most prominent 
and most worthy men in the class. A member of the class wrote 
in March, 1866: 

"There has hardly been a class in Yale that has suffered more than our 
own. Since the beginning of Freshman year, we have lost, in all, sixty- 
eight men — among them some of our best writers, speakers and scholars, 
nearly all our strongest boating men and our best musicians and singers. 
The ordinary causes have removed many, but the Faculty has done tbc 
worst. Since the commencement of Sophomore year we have lost twenty- 
three of our classmates by suspension." 

The following Resolutions were passed at a meeting on Octo- 
ber 5, 1865, and sent to the parents of the suspended men; 

"Whereas, The Faculty of Yale College have deemed it proper to sus- 
pend several of our classmates on these grounds, namely, that in main- 
taining, as we claim, the old and established customs of this institution 
and thus supporting the dignity of our class, we have subjected the Fresh- 
men to treatment which demanded the attention of the Faculty ; 



THE FOUR COLLEGE YEARS II 



IC 



Therefore, Resolved, That we consider this suspension in every respect 
as too severe and unmerited, and that when we consider the admission 
of the Faculty themselves that they were punished not for their own 
faults, but as examples for the offences of the class, we can but think 
their sentence is more a misfortune than a disgrace. 

"Resolved, That in the characters of our classmates we recognize the 
true elements of gentlemen, scholars, and whole-souled friends, and that 
it is the unanimous wish of the class that they should return to a par^^ 
ticipation in their college duties at the expiration of their terms of 
suspension. 

"Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the parents of 
our classmates." 



Daniel Pratt, the great American Traveler, was a frequent 
visitor at Yale during this and the two following years, delivering 
to the students his '* famous oratorical and poetical orations on 
the great laws of mind and matter and the mysteries and miracles, 
treating on vegetable, man, beast, birds and fish, interspersed 
with poetry and anecdotes." He announced himself as candidate 
for the office of President of the United States in 1868, with 
General Ulysses S. Grant for Vice-President, and in every speech 
recited the following verses : 



« 



Let Shakespeare stand behind the door, 
Let Byron take his pen no more, 
Let Milton molder in the tomb, 
And give the great American room." 



At the beginning of the third term of our Sophomore year, the 
College Authorities opened a "Boarding-Place" in the campus 
house on High Street next to the Art Building, in order "to 
furnish a substantial and good table at the most reasonable rates." 
The result of this movement, which was started by Professor 
Thomas A. Thacher, is seen in the present University Dining 
Hall, which contains seats for over one thousand persons. 

In our Sophomore year, the first number of the Yale Pot 
Pourri was issued by David J. Burrell of Sixty-seven, the first 
number of the Yale Courant appeared, and the first College Nine 
was formed. To the Yale Nine Sixty-eight contributed Coffin 
as pitcher and Varick as third baseman. This Nine played the 
Charter Oaks of Hartford for the championship of the State. 
The two successive victories in the University races at Worcester, 



I a THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

in the years 1864 and 1865, stimulated the interest in rowing, and, 
in the spring races between Varuna, Glyuna and Undine crews, 
rowed on Wednesday, June 6, 1866, the class did its share, being 
well represented in both shell and gig crews, by Bingham, Coffin, 
Parry, J. R. Holmes and Ferry. 

Two other aquatic events by members of the class are worthy 
of mention. During the spring vacation, a crew, composed of 
Bingham (stroke), Ferry, Parry, Fowler and Coffin (coxswain). 
made a trip in the Glyuna gig to Hartford by way of the Sound 
and Connecticut River, stopping at Guilford, Clinton, Goodspeed's 



YALE BOAT HOUSE 

Landing, Middletown, and some way stations. The whole 
journey, counting the subsequent pull down the river to Say- 
brook, was one hundred and sixty-two miles. 

On a Saturday afternoon during the Sophomore Annuals, 
Abbott, Biddle and Ballantyne made a successful sail to the 
Thimble Islands. On the return they lay becalmed, without food, 
all Saturday night and until late in the afternoon of Sunday, 
when, a light breeze springing up, they were able by means of 
sail and oars to reach New Haven Sunday evening, and quiet 
the fears of their classmates. 

On the Thanksgiving Jubilee Committee from Sixty-eight were 
Manierre, Sloane, Parry and R. L. Reade. Linn's oration at the 
Jubilee was declared by the editors of the Lit to be "the best 
of the kind we ever heard." 



THE FOUR COLLEGE YEARS 1 3 

Parsons was elected Secretary of Linonia, and Varick, Secre- 
tary of Brothers. Twenty-five members of the class competed 
in the Sophomore Prize Debates, nine in Linonia and sixteen in 
Brothers. The awards were: 

Linonia: ist Prize, Brewster; 2d Prize, J. Lewis; 3d Prizes, 
G. Lewis and Varnum. 

Brothers: ist Prizes, Ayres and S. A. Davenport; 2d Prizes, 
Hume and Tinker ; 3d Prizes, Lawrence and W. C. Wood. 

At a meeting on February 14, the following were elected Class 
Historians : 

First Division, Brewster. 
Second Division, Linn. 
Third Division, Welles. 

Wesson, Varnum and G. Lewis were, at the same meeting, 
appointed a committee to procure a Qass Stamp and Motto; 
and Hamilton, Swayne and Scarritt, a committee to arrange a 
Class Song. 

Those who had talent and time for music joined the Beethoven 
Society, a flourishing organization which advertised "a chorus 
of fifty male voices," and gave concerts in Music Hall, and also 
in Hartford, Boston, Worcester, Meriden, Brooklyn, New York 
City and Providence. The Society was welcomed in all these 
cities, and the papers heartily commended the performers both 
as singers and as men. The greater part of the selections were 
encored, but the most popular pieces were "Bagpipes" and "I am 
Charles Augustus." 

The Connecticut Legislature met in New Haven in the Old 
State House, opposite the campus, in our Sophomore and Senior 
years ; but the glory of New Haven as a State Capital departed, 
and the Old State House was removed many years since. 

We had the usual Sophomore studies, in three divisions, viz. : 
Trigonometry, Conic Sections and Analytics, with Professor 
Newton; Orations of Demosthenes, Antigone of Sophocles, 
Alcestis of Euripides, with some selections from Theocritus and 
Juvenal, with Tutor Kitchel ; the Satires and Epistles of Horace 
and Cicero's De Officiis, with Tutor Wright, who was replaced 
in the third term by Professor Northrop in Rhetoric. Mr. F. G. 



TUTOR C. L. KITCHEl 



SOPHOMORE FACULTY 



THE FOUR COLLEGE YEARS 15 

Welch had full classes in the Dio Lewis system of gymnastics, 
in the old gymnasium, said in the papers of that day to be the 
best gymnasium, with one exception, in the country. For many 
of us the most valuable work of the year was done in competi- 
tion for the five, three and two dollar premiums in 

Sophomore Composition. 

First premiums were awarded to Brewster, Harger, Linn, 

McKinney, Tinker. 
Second premiums, to Ayres, Coats, J. Lewis, Wright, 
Third premiums, to Coffin, S. A. Davenport, Ferry, Hume, 

Lawrence, Viele, Webster, W. C. Wood. 
Special Prize for English Poem, to Viele. 

Prizes were also awarded in Declamation: 
1st, to Brewster, G. Lewis, J. Lewis, Tinker. 
2d, to Coats, Hume, Morse, N. Thomas. 
3d, to Ayres, Linn, Moore, Welles, Wright. 

Prizes for excellence in Mathematics were given : 
1st, to Biddle and E. W. Miller. 
2d, to W. C. Wood. 



INCESSOLL, JENNINGS, PHILLIPS 



JUNIOR FACULTY 



THE FOUR COLLEGE YEARS 17 

In the spring of 1866, there was unusual religious interest in 
college, which continued in our class till graduatiom On Sun- 
day, June 3, twenty were admitted to the College Church on 
profession. 

In some respects the most noteworthy event of this year was 
the reception by the College Authorities given General William 
T. Sherman, and his address to the students from the steps of 
the Library. Many of us received lasting impressions from that 
plain and practical speech. 

Junior Year 

During the summer vacation of 1866, the Yale Glee Club, con- 
sisting of twelve members from the Classes of Sixty-four, 
Sixty-five, Sixty-six and Sixty-seven, made a trip along the shore 
from New Haven to Boston, and gave twenty-one concerts 
between July 24 and August 31. 

The Yale Banner came out October i as an eight-page sheet, 
the Banner and Supplement being combined, and it was thought 
much superior to any previous issue. The second number of 
the Yale Pot Pourri appeared in pamphlet form, the first number 
having been issued in November, 1865. 

The studies of Junior year were especially pleasant. Per- 
haps the most stimulating course was that of Professor Thacher 
in the Agricola and Germania of Tacitus, who communicated to 
us something of his own enthusiasm for his subject. Professor 
Loomis's lectures in Natural Philosophy kept us interested, and 
his experiments never failed. He was more sure to hit the 
buirs-eye with the air gun, loaded the previous year in the 
presence of the Class of Sixty-seven, than Robert Park was to 
break a bottle with the air pump. His accurate work in Astron- 
omy, to which Hume referred in his address at the Alumni 
Meeting in 1893, can never be forgotten. We continued our 
pleasant acquaintance with Professor Northrop in a History of 
English Literature, but of the literature itself we read only short 
extracts. The class enjoyed, for a third year, the instruction of 
Tutor Wright, who had us now in his own department of 
Natural Philosophy; but this he had to supplement in the third 
term with Logic. Professor Barker began, in the third term, a 
course in Chemistry, to be continued in Senior year. Elective 



l8 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

courses were offered to a limited extent, each one being required 
to choose either French or German (both with Professor Whit- 
ney), and also, either Greek with Professor Hadley or Calculus 
with Professor Newton. 

Early in Junior year, a Baseball Association was formed, of 
which Sloane was Vice-President and Linn, Secretary. Coffin 
was elected Captain of the University Nine. In the Navy, Coffin 
was also elected first Fleet Captain. On the crews of this year, 
Ferry, de Kay, DeForest, I. C. Hall, McKinney, Morse, Page, 
Parsons and Rawson rowed in the Varuna boats, and Bingham, 
Edwards, Fowler and Wheeler in the Glyuna. 

Bragg, Brewster, N. Thomas and Tytus represented the class 
on the Thanksgiving Jubilee Committee, but, owing to a variety 
of circumstances, the Jubilee did not take place. Colt was chosen 
Secretary of Linonia, and Coffin, of Brothers. 

On February 24, 1867, Professor Northrop was nominated by 
the Republicans for Representative in Congress from the Second 
Congressional District, but at the election he was defeated by 
his Democratic opponent. 

The only reading room we knew for the first three years was 
located in the basement of the Gymnasium. In May of our 
Junior year, a new reading room was opened on the first floor 
of South Middle College, occupying the four middle rooms. 
The partitions between the rooms were removed, and the College 
Book Store, which had before been in 34 South Middle, was 
transferred to the Reading Room and placed in the center. This 
reading room was supplied with twenty-one daily and fifteen 
religious papers, twenty-eight magazines, and ten foreign 
publications. 

Nineteen members of the class entered the Junior Prize 
Debates, seven in Linonia and twelve in Brothers. The awards 
were: 

Linonia: ist Prize, Varnum; 2d Prizes, Coats and G. Lewis; 
3d Prize, J. Lewis. 

Brothers: ist Prizes, Ayres and S. A. Davenport; 2d Prizes, 
Coffin and Hume; 3d Prizes, Morse and N. Thomas. 

The Sixty-eight Junior Appointment List was announced at 
the beginning of the second term. In a class of one hundred and 
fifteen, there were seventy-seven who had appointments, i. e., 



^ ■ 



swmtmm 



BSEI 




JL Si ^ ^ 



9 



Y-A.I-.H: OOI-iLEO- 



Apri l 3. 1867 



■ t <' 



AN AC E R 8. 



jambs whitin abbott, 
william chittendek bragg, 
timothy pitkin chapman, 
lbbaron bradfobd colt, 
william palmer dixon, 
william di7eant, 



DONALD MAOGREGOR, 
OLIVER CROMWELL M0R8E, 
EDWARD JEFFERSON TYTXTS, 
JOHN HOWARD WILSON, 
WILLIAM CURTIS WOOD, 
HENRY PARKS WRIGHT, 



<••> 



NEW HAVEN: 



PRXNTBD Sr B. 



tAYBS, 496 OHAPBL 8T 
1867. 



osBiE oi* ^^mxjimm. 



^»^^^^^»S»»»<^»»»^^^^><'V W 



Tbe Exercises of tlie Evenlac ivtil commenee at ti o'eloek. 



»>S^<^'^N^.»»^Ki>S^^»\/>^^^S»^ — . 



AFTER KOON. 



1. Music : Overture, Massaniello.— ili<&iir. 

2. Latin Onition, " De Ciccronis ainore crgsi lilium," by Henry Parks 
Wright, Oakham^ Mass. 

8. Dissertation, *'Tbe Slave 'Ship and the Pilgrim Slilp,'* by Charles 
Edwin Searls, Thompson. 

4. Dissertation, "Rome in the time of Cicero," by Tuomas Fenner 
Wbntworth, Gi-eeidandy If, If, 

5. Music: Selection, Fra Diavolo.—-i»<6«i-. 

6. Oration, "Thomas Clmlmersi," by Samuel Parry, Clinton^ N, J. 

7. Poem, " The Pleasures of Mystery," by Elisha Wright Miller, WU- 
liston, Vt. 

8. Onition, " Silent Influence," by Isbon Thaddeus Bbckwith, (M Lyme. 

9. Music: Cavatlna, Nabucco. — Verdi. 

10. Dissertation, "The An;;lo-Saxon ItaCe," by Henry Collins Wood- 
ruff, Brooklyn^ N, T, 

11. Onvtion, ^* The Quaker Settlers of Pennsylvania^" by Thomas Wilson 
Pierce, Went diesUVy Bn, 

12. Music : Selections, Prcciosa.— Vwk W^r, 

13. Oration, "Everett and Pericles — their Funeral Orations," by John 
KiNNE Hyde DkFoukst, Lyu^e. 

14. Dissertation, " Thoreau," by Cornelius DuBois, Ihiighketpsie^ A'. Y. 

15. Music : Samiel Polksu— -/xi Fleur, 

16. Oration, "Daniel Wubster,^*^ by Edward Alex.\nder Lawrkncf^ 
Orford, N, H. 

17. Philosophical Oration, "American Reform," by John Lewis, iS^^i^f/. 

18. Music: Athalia March. — Meyerbeer, 



J 



E V E N I N C. 



1. Music : Overture, Poet unci Peasant.— /Shippe. 

2. Greek OratloD, *' *H tw ^ElX^votv fivOoloyla^^^ by William Curtis 
Wood, Salara, India. 

3. Oration, " Puritan Intolemncc," by Timothy Pitkin Chapman, Bridge- 
port 

4. Dissertation, ** Terribly in Earnest,** by Richard Austin Rice, iV'eio 
B€Ufen. 

5. Music : Selections, Crispino.— i?iort. 

6. Oration, " Ttie Statesmanship of Edmund Burlce,** by James Kingslbt 
Thacher, Nev> Haven, 

7. Oration, ** National Music," by John Howard Webster, CUvdand^ 0. 

8. Oration, *' The Fruits of the War,*' by Robert Allen Hume, New 
Haven, 

9. Music : Quartette Higolctto.-> Verdi. 

10. Dissertation, ** The New German Empire," by Charles Henrt Far- 
KAM, Chicago, lU. 

11. Oration, " J. G. Percival," by Silas Augustus Davenport, Elizabeth, 
N.J. 

12. Music: Rail Road Galop.— (?#i;»«/f. 

IS. Oration, ** Samuel Adams," by James Coffin, Irvingtwi, N. T. 

14. Oi-ation, '' The Rijj^ht of the Prc^^idcnt to a Policy," by George Henrt 
Lewis, New Britain. 

15. Music : Serenade, Don Pasqnale. — Donizetti. 

16. Oration, ** The Age and its Ideas," by Chauncet Bunce Brewster, 
Mount CarmeL 

17.. Philosophical Oration, *' Reform in England," by Anson Phslps 
Tinker, Old Lytne. 

18. Mui»ic : Potpourri, L*Etoilc du Kord.— Meyerbeer. 



CBAPEL PULPIT 



THE FOUR COLLEGE YEARS 23 

about sixty-seven per cent, of the class, a very large proportion 
for that age of severe marking. 

Junior Exhibition was held on Wednesday, April 3. The 
exercises occupied the afternoon and evening. 

The Junior Promenade Concert at Music Hall, on the evening- 
preceding the Junior Exhibition, was well patronized and, as 
usual, was pronounced unsurpassed. The Prom. Committee, 
which had charge of both events, consisted of Abbott, Bragg, 
Chapman, L. B. Colt, Dixon, Durant, MacGregor, Morse, Tytus, 
J. H. Wilson, W. C. Wood and Wright. 

Another distinguished guest honored the college by his 
presence. On June 27, President Johnson, accompanied by 
Secretary of State William H. Seward and Postmaster-General 
Randall, visited New Haven, and was received by the Faculty 
in the College Library, from the steps of which the President 
and Secretary Seward addressed the students. 

At a meeting held in the President's Lecture Room on January 
19, 1867, the class elected Ayres, J. Lewis, Linn, McKinney and 
Tinker editors of the Yale Literary Magazine; and Berry. Bing- 
ham, Dixon, I. C. Hall, Manierre, Parsons, Sloane, Tweedy and 
Tytus members of the Spoon Committee. 

Hume, Welles and Walcott were appointed editors of the 
Yale Courant for the college year 1867-68. Thirty-six members 
of Sixty-eight made Phi Beta Kappa, which then took in all 
pen who had Philosophical, High Oration, Oration, and Disser- 
tation rank on the Junior Appointment List. 

The Wooden Spoon Exhibition, from the "Strawberry" 
opening load to the "Tragedy of Antigone," was in every way 
creditable, and was said to be fully equal to any previous exhibi- 
tion. Sloane gave the Latin salutatory, and Dixon made the 
presentation speech. The Colloquy, "Love and Ambition," was 
written by Viele, and "The Tragedy of Antigone," by Means. 



SPOON, CLASS OP 1868 



I 



THE FOUR COLLEGE YEARS 25 

Parry, Coffin and Ferry were on the University Crew, which 
rowed against Harvard on Lake Quinsigamond at Worcester 
on Friday, July 19, 1867. Hall and Fowler were also strong 
candidates for positions on this Crew. We lost the University 
race, but as we came away from Worcester, we pretended to 
feel satisfied, since Yale had been successful there in two matches 
with Harvard in baseball, played by the Nines of the Classes of 
Sixty-nine and Seventy, and in the Freshman race. 

Senior Year 

• 

The studies of Senior year outweighed in interest and import- 
ance all that had preceded. The class was divided alphabetically 
into two divisions, and recited, immediately after prayers, to 
President Woolsey and to Professor Porter, alternately, each of 
whom also lectured twice in the week at 5 p. m. The President 
gave instruction in History, Political Economy, Civil Liberty and 
International Law; Professor Porter, in Mental and Moral 
Philosophy, Theism and Evidences of Christianity. From these 
two eminent scholars we received two-thirds of all our instruction 
during the entire year. Professor Dana also took the class in 
Geology, Professor Loomis finished Astronomy, Professor 
Thacher read the Pro Cluentio, and Professor Barker continued 
his course in Chemistry, ending it with a series of lectures in the 
Old Laboratory. An option was offered between Meteorology 
under Professor Loomis and German under Professor Coe. 
Professor Hadley delivered a course of twelve lectures on Roman 
Law, which were afterwards published. Doctor Porter's lectures 
were published in 1868, under the title of "The Human Intellect," 
and this work was used as a text-book for the Senior class for 
more than twenty-five years. 

During the summer vacation of 1867, the horse railroad was 
opened to West Haven, starting at the comer of Church and 
Chapel Streets and terminating at Bassett's Grove near Savin 
Rock. The beginning of Senior year was marked by the estab- 
lishment of the College Post Office, in the reading room in South 
Middle. In November of this year eight bath rooms were con- 
structed in that part of the basement of the Gymnasium where 
the files of newspapers had been kept before the new reading 
room was established. The publication of the annual catalogue 



. L. J. SANPORD 



THE FOUR COLLEGE YEARS 2^ 

showed six hundred and eighty students in Yale, representing 
thirty-five states or countries: five hundred and two in the 
Academical Department and one hundred and seventy-eight in 
the other departments. 

The kind and amount of interruption to which the occupants 
of the Old Brick Row were subjected in the sixties may be 
appreciated by reading the following notice posted on the door 
of a room in North College in our Senior year : 

NOTA BENE 

Persons are requested to read the following before rapping. — 

The occupants of 98 North College wish to inform that class known 
as college bores: — 

1. That we are not in. 

2. That we have no old clothes to sell. We know that it is a "fine 
day." We do not want "spittoon cleaned." We are supplied with 
"matches for the gentlemen." We never eat peanuts, ice cream, apples, 
or anything else — "fine, old-fashioned, excellent, home-made, superior 
molasses candy" not excepted. We have no need for patent buttons or 
any other patents. We have subscribed for Harper's latest publications 
and for all the latest editions of everything. We do not want any photo- 
graphs of distinguished individuals — ^no profiles of ourselves. We 
propose to make no improvements on the college buildings. 

3. We sympathize with widows who have sick babies, and with crip- 
ples who have lost their fortunes and homes. They will please remember 
our first point. Worn-out sailors are recommended to the Sailors' 
Home. Negroes desirous of establishing churches for their "deluded 
brudderin in de Souf" are informed that we are copperheads. 

4. Divines and tutors are politely requested not to call unless cir- 
cumstances seem to demand it — should our stand rise above High Oration 
or our morals above the general average, a caution from the above will 
be promptly attended to and obeyed. 

Recapitulation. We are not in; we want no visits from old clothes' 
men, beggars, quack agents, peddlers, or any other of the many bores 
which infest this college. 

P. S. Those persons who will persist in using the rug before this 
door are requested to be as quiet as possible during the operation. It 
is desirable that all loud talk be dispensed with in front of this room. 

Early in the first term, Parry was elected Commodore of the 
Yale Navy, and during the term, Dixon, Durant, Linn and 
Tweedy were chosen to represent the class on the Thanksgiving 
Jubilee Committee. At a class meeting held Wednesday, Septem- 
ber 25, 1867, Eastburn, Coats, Wright, G. H. Lewis and Hume 



li 



THE FOUR COLLEGE YEARS 29 

were elected Committee on Class Pictures; Abbott, Bingham, 
Brewster, Coffin, Cowell, DeForest, Durant, Greene, Hamilton, 
Linn, Shelton and Tweedy were chosen Class Day Committee; 
and Hume was elected Oass Secretary. In the Society Elections 
for the first term. Cooper was chosen President and Chapin, 
Vice-President of Linonia; Welles, President and N. Thomas, 
Vice-President of Brothers. For the second term, Chapin was 
chosen President and Coats, Vice-President of Linonia ; Ayres, 



President and Eastbum, Vice-President of Brothers. For the 
third term McKinney was chosen President and Moore, Vice- 
President of Linonia ; Bailey, President and S. A. Davenport, 
Vice-President of Brothers. 

Twenty-four members of the class took part in the Senior 
Prise Debates. The awards were : 

Linonia: ist Prizes, Brewster and J. Lewis; 2d Prizes, 
McKinney and G, L,ewis ; 3d Prize, E. W. Miller. 

Brothers: ist Prize, S: A. Davenport ; 2d Prizes, Beckwith and 
Tinker; 3d Prize, Hume, 



3© THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Forty-three members of Sixty-eight, or more than one-third, 
competed in one or more of the Society prize debates, twenty- 
six in Brothers and seventeen in Linonia. Ayres, S. A. Daven- 
port, Hume, G. Lewis, J. Lewis, Morse, Varnum and Welles 
were competitors in each of the four college years; Beckwith, 
Brewster, Coats, Rawson, N. Thomas, Tinker, Watson and 
Woodruff took part in three debates ; Coffin, Colt, F. H. Holmes, 
Hopke, Lawrence, Linn, Loomis, Means, E. W. Miller, Welch, 
W. C. Wood, in two; Bailey, Birney, Chapin, DeForest, Ferry, 
Edwards, McKinney, Moore, Parsons, Searls, Seagrave, South- 
worth, J. Thomas, Webster, B. Wilson, J. Wilson, in one. 

In the training for the fall races which took place in the 
harbor on October i6. Ferry (stroke), DeForest and Parsons 
rowed in the Varuna shell; McKinney (stroke), Morse, Page and 
Rawson in the Varuna gig. In the Glyuna shell were Bingham 
(stroke), de Kay and Fowler. The shell races were given up 
because Varuna could not obtain a shell in which to row, her 
own shell having been badly injured at Worcester. The gig race 
was won by Glyuna. 

As we moved up to the place of honor on the Fence, we felt 
the responsibility of age and position, and began some plans of 
reform. Spasmodic efforts had been made every year since we 
entered college to revive interest in the open societies, and in our 
Senior year all electioneering was dispensed with, and the 
**Statement of Facts" was restored, the Freshmen being left to 
make their choice between Linonia and Brothers without private 
influence. The Committee to arrange for the "Statement of 
Facts" consisted of McKinney and Linn. The meeting was 
held in Brothers Hall, which was filled to its utmost capacity. 
Brewster and Coats had been chosen, with Heaton of Sixty-nine, 
to represent Linonia, and Hume and Ayres, with Sperry of 
Sixty-nine, to represent Brothers. After the arguments were 
closed, the Freshmen deposited their choices, and it was found 
that Linonia had won a great victory, having secured thirty-one 
Freshmen, while Brothers had captured only thirty. A respect- 
able portion of our class also attended the meetings conscien- 
tiously, and took some part in the exercises, but no permanent 
improvement followed, and after a few years the societies 
existed only in name. 

Another effort at reform resulted more successfully. After 
much discussion in the Coiirant, several meetings, and many 



THE FOUR COLLEGE YEARS 3> 

conferences with interested graduates, the club system in boat- 
ing was given up and the old class system restored. Commodore 
Parry and B. A, Fowler were the working members of the 
committee which brought about this change. The property of 
the Varuna, Glyuna, and Undine Oubs was divided between the 
several classes in proportion to their contributions to the Navy. 
Parry was made President of the Navy under the new consti- 



tution, and McKinney, Treasurer. Parry was, for the second 
year, stroke oar of the University Crew. 

On February i6 the class organized the Sixty-eight Boat Club. 
Bingham was elected Captain, Parsons Lieutenant, and Page 
Treasurer. In the spring races, rowed in the harbor on June 30, 
the Sixty-eight crews were made up as follows : 

Shell — Bingham (stroke). Page, de Kay, Coffin, Fowler, 
Parsons (bow). 

Gig — McKinney (stroke), Morse, Tweedy, Boardman, DeFor- 
est, Rice (bow). 
Sixty-nine won in both races. 



3* THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Under the direction of Mr. Welch, Instructor in Gymnastics, 
two Gymnastic Exhibitions were given in March for the benefit 
of the Yale Navy, at which de Kay, Morse and Rawson were 
captains of the most important classes. Several members of the 
Faculty were present with their families, among them President 
Woolsey, Professors Thacher, Porter and Bailey. 

The improvement in the Lit was very manifest. The leaders 
were more generally upon University topics and had an influence 
upon college sentiment. But the greatest change was in the 
Editor's Table, which, under the management of the Sixty-eight 
Board, treated of matters of general interest in an entertaining 
way. During this year the Lit came out regularly on the 
appointed day, the second Saturday of each month. The Conrant 
also, under the Sixty-eight Board, had a better tone, and there- 
fore a wider influence. No college paper ever took a nobler stand 
upon questions of college morals. In the bestowal of class honors, 
we aimed to select the best men, and planned for a Class Day 
that would be free from all objectionable features. Brewster 
was chosen Class Orator, and Linn, Class Poet. The Parting 
Ode was written by Viele, and the Ivy Song by Linn. 

Townsend Premiums were awarded to G. Lewis, McKinney, 
E. W. Miller, Rawson, and Tinker. The DeForest Prize Speak- 
ing took place in the Chapel on the afternoon of Monday, June 
29, before an audience that filled the house, including the gal- 
leries. The DeForest Medal was awarded to Beckwith (by lot 
between Beckwith and G. Lewis). 

Senior awards in English Composition were made: 

1st Prizes to Beckwith, Brewster, S. A. Davenport, J. Lewis, 
E. W. Miller, Wright. 

2d Prizes to Ayres, Lawrence, G. Lewis, McKinney, Thacher, 
Tinker, W. C. Wood. 

Our Class Day was Wednesday, July i, three weeks before 
Commencement. The oration and poem were given unqualified 
praise, and the histories were creditable alike to the historians 
and to the class. Following the literary exercises in the chapel 
on Wednesday morning came the annual collation to the gradu- 
ating class, in Alumni Hall, at which President Woolsey pre- 
sided. The histories were read in the afternoon under the 
elms on the campus, in front of South Middle and the Athe- 



THE FOUR COLLEGE YEARS 33 

neum. After planting the Class Ivy, bidding farewell to each 
of the buildings in the Old Brick Row, and marching to the 
homes of President Woolsey, and Professors Porter, Daggett and 
Dana, each of whom spoke briefly in response, the class gathered 
in a circle on the campus in front of Alumni Hall, for the final 
leave-taking, and the undergraduate life of Sixty-eight was 
closed. On the following day the three lower classes were 
assigned new seats in the College Chapel and Sixty-nine took 
our places in the Senior Aisle. 



PARTING ODE 

Bj' Sheldon T. Viele, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Air: — Auld Lang Sy9te. 

Four fleeting years of hopes and fears, 

Has our affection grown ; 
But now we part, rend heart from heart, 

And each goes out alone. 
The joyous hours of youth and flowers, 

Together we have spent; 
But now the strife of daily life 

Must hold each one intent. 



Forth go we now with eager brow, 

With hope and purpose bright, 
To share the joys, the heat and noise, 

These walls shut from our sight ; 
Though some may fail, and some prevail, 

'Tis but the common end, 
We'll bear it then, like brave, true men — 

May God us all defend. 

But ere we part, though tears may start 

From eyes unused to weep, 
We raise the song we've sung so long. 

And bid our sorrow sleep ; 
And as again the dear refrain 

Is heard from each Classmate, 
Twill sadly tell our last farewell 

To Yale and Sixty-Eight! 



34 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Beginning with Sixty-eight, a change was made in the Com- 
mencement exercises. The number of speakers was limited to 
sixteen, and all exercises were to be held in the forenoon, leaving 
the afternoon free for the Alumni Dinner. Any man with the 
rank of Dissertation or above was allowed to compete for a place 
on the program. We were graduated on July 28, with seventy- 
four appointments in a class of one hundred and five, and with 
nine men of philosophical rank; though the Faculty, in order 
to make the classes seem more nearly equal in scholarship, allowed 
us only six Philosophical and drew the line of the lowest appoint- 
ment at 2.55 instead of at the usual 2.50. If all above 2.50 had 
been included, as was generally done in other classes, the number 
of Senior appointments would have been eighty-one. Commence- 
ment exercises were held in the Center Church on Thursday, 
July 23, beginning at 10 a. m. 

Sixty-eight had been severely disciplined in its first two years, 
but we had the satisfaction of being told by President Woolsey 
and more than one other officer, at graduation, that Yale College 
had never sent forth a better class. The Faculty continued to 
think well of us. Three members of the class were elected as 
Tutors one year after graduation, and an unusually large number 
have been invited to serve as college officers. The names of ten 
members of Sixty-eight appear on the lists of Professors, Tutors, 
and Assistants that make up the faculties of the University. 

During our entire course we were under the instruction of 
twenty different officers, of whom fifteen are now dead: Gov- 
ernor Dutton died in 1869, Professor Hadley in 1872, Professor 
Thacher in 1886, Mr. Otis in 1888, President Woolsey and Pro- 
fessor Loomis in 1889, Professor (afterwards President) Porter 
in 1892, Professor Whitney in 1894, Professor Dana in 1895, 
Professor Newton and Dr. Sanford in 1896, Professor Marsh in 
1899, Professor Barker in 1910, Professor Bailey in 191 1, and 
Professor Coe in 19 14. Two left Yale to accept positions else- 
where: Professor Northrop to become President of the Uni- 
versity of Minnesota, Professor Coe to be pastor of the Collegiate 
Church in New York City. The other officers remained long at 
Yale : Mr. Wright as Professor of Physics, Mr. Dexter as Sec- 
retary of the University and Assistant Librarian, Mr. Peck as 
Professor of Latin, and Mr. Kitchel as Instructor in Greek and 
Secretary of the Bureau of Appointments. 





ORDER OF EXERCISES 



AT THE 














rdl 



^ 



ON THE 



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTY-EIGHTH ANNIVERSARY 



OP 



•yAT-iE OOLLEO-E, 



JULY 23, 1868. 



• m •• 




NKW HAVEN- 
1868. 




I ^ i 



1. Music: Overture, MidBummer Night's dreanu — Mendelssohn. 

2. Pbayeb. 

8. Salutatory Oration in Latin, by William Cubtts Wood, 
Sataray India. 

4. Dissertation, *^ Ritualism,'' by Edwabd Spsnceb Mead, I^ew 
York City. 

5. Dissertation, ^^The Pacific Railroad," by Roger Butleb 
WiLUAHS, Ithaca^ Nl Y. 

6. Music: Serenade. — Schubert. 

7. Dissertation, " Henry IV. of France," by Chables Henby 
E^ABKHAH, ChicctgOj III. 

8. Oration, " Civil Service in the United States," by Geobge 
Henby Lewis,* New Britain. 

9. Oration, '^Monumental History," by Timothy Pitkin 
Chapman, Bridgeport. 

10. Music: Arion Fest klaenge. — OrUl. 

11. Oration, "Arnold of Brescia," by Edwabd Alexandeb 
Lawbence, Orfordy N. H. 

12. Oration, ''Christopher North," by Robebt Allen Huace, 
New Haven. 

13. Music: Overture, Der FreischUtz. — Weber. 

14. Oration, " The Overthrow of the Roman Empire," by Silas 
Augustus Davenpobt, Elizabeth^ N. J. 

16. Dissertation, ^ Saint Paul," by^ William Allison McKin- 
NET, Binghatntony N Y. 

* Excused on account of sickness. 



DUBIKO WHICH THE FiFTH STMFHONT OF BeETHOTEN WILL BE PBBFOBMBa 



16. Philosophical Oration, ^' History a Manifestation of a Plan 
of God," by Elisha Weight Milleb, WiUistorij Vt 

17. Oration, " The Demands of the Present Age on its Scholars," 
by Ibbon Thaddeus BscKwriH, Old lA/me, 

18. Music: Overture, Fra Diabolo. — Auber. 

19. Philosophical Oration, "The Future of Republicanism," by 
A27SOK Phelps Tinkeb, Old Lyme, 

20. Oration, " The Relation of Christianity to Art," by Chaux- 
CEY Bunce Bbewsteb, Mount Carmd. 

21. Music: Serenade from the Midsummer Night's dream. — 
Mendelssohn, 

22. Oration, " Christianity the Ti'ue Philosophy," with the Vale- 
dictory Address, by Henry Pabks Weight, Oakham^ Mass. , 

23. Music : Overture, Studentenleben. — JStoeckel, 

24. DeGBEES CONFEEBED. 

25. Pbayeb by the President. 



^' ^» ■< 



i] 



H o isr O R s. 



ORATIONS. 

Henry Parks Wright, Valedictory Oration, OoAc/unn, Mata. 
William Curtis Wood, Salutiitory Oration, StUara^ India. 
Algernon Sydney Biddle, Piiilosopliical Oi-ation, Philadelphia^ I\t. 
John Lewis, Pbllofiopbical Oration, Sufflcld. 
Anson Phelps Tinker, Piiilosopliical Oration, Old Iajtm. 
Elisha Wright Miller, Philosophical Oration, Wdlidwi^ Vt. 



Silas Aup:ustu3 Davenport, Elizabeth^ N. J. 
\ Thomas Wilson Pierce, WestCfussUr. 1\jl. 
\ Oscar Haider, Oxford. 
\ Timothy Pitlcin Ciiapman, Bridf/eport. 
i EdwardAlexanV Lawrence, Oi/a/t/iiV.//. 



James Coffin, Irnru/torif N. Y. 
Cliauuccy Buucc Brewster, Mount Carmd. 
Isbon Tiiaddcus Bccivwith, Old Lytnc 
George Henry Lewis, New Britain, 



Robert Allen Hume, New Haven, 
James Kingsiey Tiiacher, New ITatfen, 
Jolm Leonard Varielf, Poitghheeptie^ N. Y. 
Thomas Ilamlen Robbins, ^oeky JIUl. 



Jolin Kinne Hyde DcForest, Lyme. 
Francis Euj|^ene Seagravc, Ujcbridye^ Mus. 
Julius William Russell, BuHingUni^ Vt. 



•*%^ 



DISSERTATIONS. 



K Samuel Tweedy. Danburff. 
\ John Howard Wilson, N<Uick^Ma»9. 
Samuel Parry, Cliidon^ N. J. 



( Sninucl Watson, NaxhvUlc^ Taiti. 

( Cornelius DuBois, I\)Hghkcq?sic, iV. Y. 

) Gcorj^e Enstburn, Lafioska^ I\u 



i Edward Spencer Mciid, New York City. \ Gcori^o Albert Newell, Medina^ N. Y, 
Henry Collins Woodrufr,Z^voiU|y9t,iV. Jr. John Howard Webster, Clcvdandy O. 
v/haries Heni7 Famham, C'Atc£u/o,i^ I 



DISPUTES. 



( Joseph Warren Greene, Brooklyn^ N. r.| Charles Edwin Scarls, Thompson, 
\ Thomas Fcnncr Wentworth, Orccrdaudf Ro^cr Butler Williams, Ithttca, N. Y 



N.Jf, 

David McGrej^or Means, Attdot'cr^ 2da>>», 
Frank Bradley Lewis, Bridyqtort. 
Horace Phillips, Dayton^ 0. 



Albert Henry Esty, Ithaca^ N. Y. 
\ Thomas Chalmers SloauefA'cur York City. 
\ J;iniC4 Whilin Abbott, YarmoiUh^ Mc. 
\ William Henry Ferry, Chicaffo^ III. 



(Frank Moore, *W. Clair, Mich. 

< Horace StephensCoopcr,4S7(tef^"i/2e, Tenn, 
I Calvin Daniel Stowell, Itfiaca, N, Y 

( Beach Hill, New JIavcn. 

< Gideon Ili.'^gins Welch, NewJfaven. 

{ Coburn Dewecs Berjy, NaiJwUle. Tenn. 
Henry Stuart Swayne, Colundnts^ 0. 



William Allison McKinney, BingtusnUon, 

N. Y, 

Edward Green Bradford, Wdmingtw, 
Del 

NathauielPhiUips Smith Thomns, Wiek- 
\ fortl, JL I. 
Kiehard Austin Rice, New Hcaxn, 



COLLOQUIES. 



William Alexander Linn, Deckertown, N,J. 
Oliver Cromwell Morse, New Haven. 
Charles Page, Ka//xiraiM, ChilL 
Herbert Boardmau, Truniamlnii'gh^ N. Y. 
Stephen Goodhue Bailey, Lowell^ Mass, 
Ira Cole Hall, Covat, N, Y. 
Thomas Clayton Welles, WethernJMd. 
John Coats, Nwth iHonington. 

j Hen ryLuci us Washbu rWyStaffw'dSpringi. 

( James Henry Wood, New York Citii, 



i Charles William Bingham, Cleveland^O. 
) Horatio Greene Yates, JiUmira, N. Y. 
Beniamin Austin Fowler, Stoncham, Mass. 

{William Abbott Hamilton, Saratoga 
Spritit/9, N. Y, 
William Parsons, Lock Hai*en, I\i. 
Edward Kirk Rawson, Albany^ N, Y. 
i George Hubert CowcU, Waterbury. 
\ William Durant, WaUndiet, N. Y. 
{ James Trimble, Nashinlle, Tenti. 



HISTORY SINCE GRADUATION 

Since graduation, Sixty-eight has had ten Reunions in New 
Haven. There was a meeting also of those who attended the 
Bicentennial Celebration in 1901 ; and several met, by Varick's 
friendly invitation, at the University Club in New York City on 
December i, 1910. Bingham has been present at every meeting 
of the class ; Cowell attended every meeting during his lifetime ; 
and Shelton every meeting, including Bicentennial, until pre- 
vented by his last illness. Linn, Newell, Webster, Woodruff, and 
Wright have missed only one Reunion. Fifteen on our list in the 
Quinquennial Catalogue have not attended any meeting of the 
Class of Sixty-eight since its graduation. 

At Triennial, July 12, 1871, seventy-two members were 
present : 

Abbott, Allen, Bacon, Beckwith, Berry, Biddle, Bingham, Boardman, 
Bradford, Bragg, Brewster, Chapin, Clark, Coffin, Colt, Cooper, Cowell, 
Davenport, DeForest, de Kay, Dixon, DuBois, Durant, Eastburn, Farnam, 
Fisher, Fowler, Hamilton, Holcomb, F. H. Holmes, Homes, Hume, 
Ingersoll, F. B. Lewis, Linn, MacGregor, McKinney, Marsh, Mead, Miller, 
Moore, Newell, Parry, Parsons, Pierce, Rawson, R. L. Reade, Robbins, 
Searls, Shelton, Sloane, Spencer, Stowell, Thacher, Thomas, Tinker, 
Tweedy, Varick, Viele, Walcott, Washburn, Webster, Welles, Wentworth. 
Wesson, Wheeler, H. S. Williams, Wilson, J. H. Wood, Woodruff, 
Wright, Yates. 

The class banquet was served at the New Haven House. 
Wheeler was chosen to preside. It was the custom then to have, 
at Triennial, set speeches from several members of the class who 
represented the different professions and occupations, or who 
were qualified to speak on other subjects of special interest to a 
class three years out of college. Linn read a poem on "The 
Class Boy," and toasts were responded to as follows: "Alma 
Mater," Wright; "Class of Sixty-eight," Linn; "The Faculty," 
Beckwith; "Theology," Tinker; "The Law," Wentworth; 
"Medicine," Bacon; "The Press," McKinney; "Teaching," 
Wilson; "The Business Men," Sloane; "The Married Men," 
Dixon; "The Bachelors," Parsons; "The Non-Graduates," 



40 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Wesson; "The Absentees," Rawson. The poem and speeches 
were printed in the Class Book published in 1872. 

At this time all the graduates were living, and thirteen were 
married. The different members of the class were then occupied 
as follows: thirty-two were practicing law and six others were 
engaged in legal studies; fourteen were students of theology, 
four of whom were settled in the ministry the following year; 
three were studying medicine, and two were already practicing 
physicians; twenty-six were engaged in business; four were 
tutors at Yale, and eight were giving instruction at other institu- 
tions; three were carrying on graduate study at Yale and five 
were studying abroad ; two were engaged in editorial work, two 
were civil engineers, and two were unable to undertake any con- 
tinuous employment on account of ill-health. 

Thirty-two members registered at Sexennial, June 24, 1874 : 

Abbott, Bingham, Brewster, Coats, Cooper, Cowell, DeForest, 
Dixon, Durant, Farnam, Fisher, Greene, Harger, Hume, Ingersoll, G. 
Lewis, Marsh, Parry, Shelton, Slay, Southworth, Thacher, Tytus, Varick, 
Varniim, Welles, Wesson, Wheeler, R. B. Williams, Wilson, W. C 
W^ood, W^right. 

Judge Cowell was chosen to preside at the class supper, in 
Loomis's Temple of Music. Thirty-eight of the class were 
already married, and two, Chapin and Ayres, were dead. Farnam 
reported that sixty-eight members of Sixty-eight had subscribed 
eight thousand dollars to the Woolsey Fund, an amount 
exceeded by only three other classes. Seven of the class had been 
called to serve the college as instructors. Special interest was 
expressed in DeForest and Hume, who were about to enter the 
foreign mission field. 

The Decennial Meeting was held June 26, 1878, and was 
attended by forty-one members : 

Allen, Bacon, Bcckwith, Berry, Biddle, Bingham, Bradford, Brewster. 
Cowell, Dixon, Eastburn, Farnam, Fisher, Greene, Harger, Ingersoll. 
Lawrence, Linn, McKinney, Marsh, Moore, Newell, Parry, Parsons, 
Rawson, Seagrave, Searls, Shelton, Sloane, Southworth, Spencer. 
Thacher, Thomas, Tweedy, Varniim, Webster, Wentworth, Wesson, 
Wilson, Wood, Woodruff. 

Linn presided at the dinner, which was served in one of the 
rooms in the Insurance Building, and Wentworth and Brewster 



HISTORY SINCE GRADUATION 4I 

represented the class at the alumni meetings on Wednesday morn- 
ing, and Thursday afternoon. 

At the Quindecennial Meeting. June 26, 1883, thirty-eight 
members of the class were present : 

Bacon, Bingham, Brewster. Clark, Colt, Cowell, Davenport, Farnam, 
Fisher, Greene, Harger, Ingersoll, G. H. Lewis, J. Lewis, Linn, Marsh, 
Newell, Parry, Parsons, Pierce, Rawson, Russell, Seagrave, Searls. 



HILLHOUSB AVBNUB 

Shelton, Sloane, Thacher, Tinker, Varick, Varnum. Viele, Webster, 
Welles, Wenlworlh, Wesson, R. B. Williams, Woodruff, Wright 

Colt, by invitation of the Alumni Committee, spoke at the 
alumni meeting on Tuesday morning, and Tinker, at the request 
of the class, responded for it at they\lumni Dinner on Commence- 
ment Day. 

The class supper was furnished by Hill Brothers, at "The 
Homestead," at Savin Rock. Judge Colt presided. 

The Vicennial Meeting, on June 26, 1888, was attended by 
thirty-nine, three of whom had not met with the class since 
graduation : 



4" THE cr_\SS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Allen, Bingham. Burns, Clark, Co well, de Kay, Dixon, Eastbum, 
Edwards, Farnam, Fisher, lugersoU, Lawrence, Linn, McKinney, Marsh, 
Newell, Parry, Pierce, Pierson, Rawson, Rice, Sef^rave, Searls, Shellon, 
Slay, Sloane, Soiithworlh, Thaeher. Tweedy, Vamum, Webster, W'eM- 
worth. Wesson, H. S, Williams, R. B. Williams. Wilson, Woodraff. 
Wright 

Seventy-nine of the class were married, and twelve were dead. 
The children of the class at this time numbered one hundred and 
seventy- two. 



Parry was selected to respond for the class at the alumni dinner 
on Wednesday. This address, and also the speeches of Wesson, 
Pierson, Wright and Lawrence, were printed in the Class Book 
published in 1889. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Farnam gave a Luncheon on Tues- 
day, to members of Sixty-eight and their wives, at their residence 
on Hillhouse Avenue. 

Vamum presided at the class supper, which, by the kindness of 
Mr, Hotclikiss, we were allowed to hold in Brothers Hall. 
Informal speeches were made by Wesson, Pierson, Wright, 
Sloane, H. S. Williams, Burns, Wentworth, Linn, Pierce, Cowell 



HISTORY SINCE GRADUATION 43 

and Lawrence. At this reunion we gathered for the last time at 

the Old Fence, which was removed the following summer to make 

room for Osbom Hall. 

The Quarter-Century Meeting, on June 27, 1893, was the 

largest gathering of the class since Triennial. Forty-two were 
present : 

Allen, Bacon, Berry, Bingham, Bradford, Burns, Cecil, Cowell, de Kay, 
Dixon, Eastburn, Farnam, Ferry, Greene, Homes, Hume, G. Lewis, Linn, 
McKinney, Morse, Newell, Pierce, Pierson, Russell, Shelton, Slay, South- 
worth, Tweedy, Upshur, Varick, Varnum, Viele, Walcott, Webster, Welch, 
Welles, Wentworth, H. S. Williams, R. B. Williams, Wilson, Woodruff, 
Wright. 

More than twenty who had expected to attend this reunion were 
detained by professional engagements or by the exigencies of 
business owing to the financial depression. Of the forty-two 
present, two had not attended a class meeting since Triennial, and 
five others had not met with the class since graduation. 

Berry was selected to preside at the class banquet and Linn to 
represent the class at the alumni dinner on Commencement Day. 
A quarter-century class picture was taken on the steps of the 
Sloane Laboratory, which formed the frontispiece to the Qass 
Book published in 1894. 

The banquet was held in the rooms of the University Club, 
1018 Chapel Street. The supper was furnished by Stewart. A 
brief history of the class for the last five years was given by the 
Secretary, who was instructed to prepare another edition of the 
Class Book. 

Letters were read from Abbott, DeForest, Page and Tyler. 
The class listened also to Ferry, who spoke on the advantages of 
southern California ; to Hume, who was on furlough from India ; 
to Walcott, who gave an account of his world-wide travels; to 
G. Lewis, who had just published his book "National Consolida- 
tion of the Railways of the United States"; to Viele, who 
described the work of the various charitable organizations with 
which he had long been identified; and to John Wilson, who 
spoke on the service which the educated man owes to his city. 
A detailed account of this meeting including the letters and 
speeches was given in the Class Book published in 1894, which 
contained also Hume*s address at the Alumni Meeting on 
Tuesday. 



HISTORY SINCE GRADUATION 45 

Reunion of 1898. By the kindness of Thomas Hooker of 
Sixty-nine, we obtained the use of the New Haven Lawn Club for 
the class supper, which was held on Tuesday, June 28, 1898. As 
Famam was unable to act on the Committee, Dixon and Went- 
worth took charge of all the details. 

At the business meeting held in Wright's recitation room, F2 
Osborn Hall, at which Webster presided, Varick, Famam, H. S. 
Williams, and the Secretary were appointed a Committee to make 
arrangements for the class meeting in 1903. Arthur F. Lewis 
of the Class of 1892, son of F. B. Lewis, came to this meeting to 
present the greetings of his father, who lives in Montana and has 
not been able to attend any gathering of the class since Triennial. 
Pierce was accompanied by his son, Thomas W. Pierce, Jr., and 
Newell brought his six-year-old boy, George Arthur Newell, who 
was also present at the class supper in the evening. 

The majority of the members of the class present went out to 
the Yale Field and saw Yale defeat Harvard by a score of 7 to 
o. Yale won the championship in New Yodc on Friday, July i. 

The class gathered at the Lawn Club House at six o'clock. 
There were thirty-six present : 

Allen, Bailey, Bingham, Brewster, Burns, Coats, Cowell, Day, de Kay, 
Dixon, Eastburn, Linn, McKinney, Morse, Newell, Parry, Pierce, Rawson, 
F. W. Russell, Searls, Shelton, Southworth, Stowell, Tweedy, Varick, 
Varnum, Viele, Webster, Welch, Welles, Wentworth, Wheeler, H. S. 
Williams, R. B. Williams, Woodruff, Wright. 

Linn presided. Letters were read from MacGregor, Morse, 
Homes, Berry, Slay, Beckwith, John Lewis, Hume, Coflfin, 
Abbott, DeForest. The Secretary was directed to send a letter 
of sympathy to Moore, whose wife had recently died. Ernest, 
Ruth and Hannah Hume, children of Robert A. Hume, called 
and were presented to the class. As is our custom, the class list 
was read and any one present gave such information as he had 
about each absent member. It was the general opinion of those 
present that there should be a meeting of the class at the time of 
the Bicentennial celebration in 1901, but no definite directions 
were given to the Committee. 

Bicentennial Meeting. Sixty-eight had no class supper at the 
time of the Bicentennial celebration in 1901, but thirty-six mem- 
bers registered at the class headquarters, 1 1 Phelps Hall : 



46 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Allen, Bacon, Beckwith. Berry, Coals, L. B. Colt. Cowell, S. A. Daven- 
port, de Kay, Eastburn, Greene, Homes, G. Lewis, McKinney, Moore, 
Morse, Newell, Page, Pierce, Rawson. Rice, Searls, Shelton. Souihworth, 
Variek, Varnum, Viele, Webster, Welles, Wentworth, Wesson, Wheeler, 
H. S. Williams. R. B. Williams, Woodruff, Wright. 

The class had a place hi the torchhght procession of Monday, 
October 21, in which about five thousand students and graduates 



marched, forming a Hne more than a mile and a half in length; 
saw the tableaux of scenes in Yale history presented by the 
Yale Dramatic Association on the campus on Tuesday evening, 
October 22; and were present at the Hyperion Theater on 
Wednesday, October 23, to hear the Bicentennial Poem by E. C, 
Stedman and the Bicentennial Oration by Chief Justice Brewer, 
and to witness the conferring of honorary degrees upon the 
distinguished gtiests of the University. Many members of the 
class, in their letters to the Secretary, expressed their pride and 
.satisfaction in having a part in this great celebration. 



HISTORY SINCE GRADUATION 47 

Reunion of 1903. Twenty-nine members of the class were 
present at the class reunion, June 23, 1903, on the thirty-fifth 
anniversary of our graduation : 

Allen, Bingham, Brewster, Burns, Coats, Cowell, DeForest, Famam, 
Greene, Hill, Linn, McKinney, Manierre, Means, Morse, Newell, Parry, 
Pierce, Pierson, Seagrave, Varick, Webster, Welch, Wentworth, Wesson, 
Wheeler, H. S. Williams, Woodruff, Wright. 

At a business meeting in 11 Phelps Hall, Varick, H. S. Wil- 
liams, and the Secretary were reappointed a committee and 
instructed to make arrangements for the class reunion in 1908. 

The majority of those in New Haven attended the Harvard- 
Yale baseball game, and went in a private car at the close of 
the game from the Yale Field to the Momauguin at Cosey 
Beach, where the class supper was served. 

Letters of regret and fraternal greeting were read from Abbott, 
Bacon, Bailey, Beckwith, Berry, Coffin, Dixon, Eastburn, Hume, 
G. Lewis, J. Lewis, MacGregor, Moore, Rawson, Southworth, 
Varnum, R. B. Williams, Day, Durley, and Mason. Brief 
speeches were made by Wesson, Pierce, Linn, DeForest, Brew- 
ster, Burns, W^entworth, Coats, Parry, and Woodruff. Cowell 
presided, and it was universally agreed that the older we grow, 
the more enjoyable our reunions become. 

Reunion of 1908. About two- thirds of those present came on 
Monday or earlier. The class headquarters were at Mrs. Lock- 
wood's, 155 and 159 Elm Street, where nineteen members of the 
class had rooms. In the hall at 155, where it was delightfully 
cool, we had many pleasant talks about old times, about our 
experiences since leaving College, and about our classmates. 

A business meeting was held at 11 Phelps Hall on Tuesday 
at 11.30, Webster presiding. Berry was chosen to preside at 
the class supper. Varick and Greene, with the Secretary, were 
appointed a committee to make arangements for our next 
reunion in 1913. There were thirty-three members of the class 
present in New Haven during Commencement week. Nearly all 
attended the Harvard- Yale game at the Yale Field (score, Yale 
3, Harvard o), and the Alumni Dinner on Commencement Day. 

The most delightful event was the Reception and Luncheon 
given to the class by Professor and Mrs. Dexter at their resi- 
dence, 178 Prospect Street, from twelve to two. 



4° THE CU\SS OF liibO, YALE COLLEGE 

The following were present at the class supper at the Shore- 
ham, Morris Cove: 

Abbott, Bailey. Berry, Bingham. Burns, Coats, Colt, Cowell. Day. 
DeForest, Dixon. Evans (Sheff. '68), Farnam, Fowler, Greene. Hill, 
Linn, McKinney. Morse. Neweil, Parry, Pierce, Pierson, Rawson, Tweedy, 
Variek. Viele, Webster, Welch. Wheeler. H. S. Williams. Woodruff. 
and Wright. 



Berry presided. Following the wishes of the class, as obtained 
by the Secretary through correspondence, there were no set 
speeches. The Secretary read letters from Beckwith, Bradford, 
Brewster, Ingersoll, J. Lewis, MacGregor, Manierre, Parsons, 
Rice, Searls, Slay, Southworth, Welles, Bull, Durley, L. L. Hicks, 
J. R. Holmes, Mason, and Van Winkle. Variek also read letters 
from Page and Esty. The Secretary was directed to make reply 
to each one from whom a letter had been received, which he did 
with great pleasure, giving an account of the class meeting and 
sending the affectionate greeting of all those present. Informal 
speeches were also made by Abbott, Webster, Fowler, Colt, and 
Evans. 



HISTORY SINCE GRADUATION 49 

Linn was introduced by the Chairman as one who had on 
former occasions enlivened the class meetings by his wit and 
good sense. After some preliminary remarks, which most of 
those present seemed to appreciate, he suddenly brought to light 
and presented to the Secretary a beautiful loving cup as a token 
of the esteem and love of Sixty-eight, for which the Secretary 



returned thanks as well as he could under the circumstances, 
when taken completely by surprise. A few weeks later he 
received from the Cup Committee a gold watch, chain, and pencil, 
with the affectionate greetings of the class. It is not in his 
power to express, even now, the gratitude which he feels for 
these priceless gifts. It gladdens his heart to know that his class- 
mates are not dissatisfied with his services as secretary, and such 
evidence of their love and esteem is unspeakably precious. It 
has long been to him a cause for deep gratitude that he was 



1 

I 

I 



50 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

able to come to Yale, and that circumstances that seemed beyond 
his control brought him here in time to enter with Sixty-eight. 
He can never forget the helpful interest of members of the class, 
by which he was enabled to earn his way in College, in part, and 
thus to continue without interruption through the four years. 
For their continued kindness and sympathy in that early period, 
and during all the fleeting years that have followed, he owes to 
the men of Sixty-eight a debt which can never be repaid. 

Between March 28 and May 20, 1905, eleven members of 
Sixty-eight sent to the Secretary gifts amounting to one hundred 
and thirty dollars, to be forwarded to DeForest as a contribution 
from the class to the Japanese Relief Fund. At this reunion 
DeForest presented to the Secretary, as the representative of 
the class, a sake cup from Governor Kamei, with a letter in 
Japanese, which DeForest translated thus : 

"Mr. DeForest and other gentlemen, having given gold towards 
the relief of the famine sufferers of the village Ichihasami in the 
county of Kurihara, are herewith presented with a sake cup. 

Meiji, 39th year, loth month, 2d day (October 20. 1906). 

Kamei Eisaburo, 

Governor of Miyagi Ken, 
3d Order of the Fourth Rank." 

Class of Sixty-eight Prize in Descriptive Writing. Linn, in a 
letter dated May 13, 1908, had suggested that the class establish 
a prize in English: 

"What would you think of the idea of Sixty-eight contributing a 
moderate sum, the income of which would constitute a prize to be named 
after the class, to be open to all members of the Academical Department, 
and to be awarded to that member who wrote the best descriptive article- 
each year? In my newspaper experience I found that college graduates 
generally had their minds directed to essay writing, and that in college 
very little attention was paid to descriptive composition. Then when 
reporters' work was called for. the teaching had to be done over again. 
It has long seemed to me that a competition of this kind in merely 
descriptive writing, where the student would not be expected to prove 
himself a philosopher, would have practical use. I would contribute 
toward such a fund." 

The suggestion was renewed at the class meeting, and it met 
with so much favor that Greene, after brief correspondence with 



HISTORY SINCE GRADUATION 5 1 

members of the class, received from them contributions by 
which a fund was established which now amounts to over twelve 
hundred and fifty dollars. Professor William Lyon Phelps, in 
a letter to the Secretary, wrote: "You may be sure that I am 
going to take up that 1868 prize and make it a success. I am 
deeply interested in it." 

From this fund a prize of fifty dollars is awarded annually 
to the student in Yale College who shall write the best prose 
description of from twenty-five hundred to five thousand words. 
The award is based on the merit of the work done for this prize, 
without regard to achievement in courses. The awards have 
been: 

In 191 1, to Neill Compton Wilson of Oakland, Cal., for his 
description of San Francisco. 

In 1912, to Philip Burnham Buzzell of Wilmington, Mass., 
for his description of Yale College life. 

In 191 3, to Ernest Melville Price of New Haven, Conn., for 
his description of New Haven and its environs. 

In 1 9 14, to Morris Hadley, son of President Hadley, for his 
description of New Haven and its environs. 

The Sixty-eight Class Boy, Dr. Warren Harmon Lewis, was 
married May 23, 1910. Mr. and Mrs. Lewis went abroad on 
their wedding tour, and remained till the opening of the college 
year in September. 

Inasmuch as the class did not have the privilege, at its Trien- 
nial meeting, of giving the Class Boy any token of his adoption, 
it seemed appropriate to improve this opportunity to make him 
a wedding present. The idea originated with McKinney who, 
with Varick and Berry, acted as a committee to select the gift. 
It was generally agreed that nothing would be more appropriate 
than a loving cup, which would show both our recognition of 
our Class Boy and our good wishes for his domestic happiness. 
The class is greatly indebted to Mr. and Mrs. Varick for their 
interest and for their good taste in the selection and decoration 
of the cup. It is of solid silver, about nine inches high and 
five and a half in diameter, standing upon an ebony pedestal. 
In the first of the three spaces between the handles is the 
monogram W. H. L. ; in the second. 



s^ the class of 1868, yale college 

The Class of 1868 

in yale college 

to its class boy, 

Warren Harmon Lewis, 

MAY 23, 1910; 

in the third, an etching of the Old Brick Row, showing South 
ColJege, the Atlieneum, South Middle, the Lyceum, North 



Middle, Old Chapel, North College, and Divinity, with the 
corner of the old college fence in the foreground. Above the 
picture on the left side are the words, Yale College, and under- 
neath it the title, 

(9Ui Srirk ftom. 

The cup was sent to Professor Lewis, with this letter from 
the committee : 



HISTORY SINCE GRADUATION S3 

Binghamton, N. Y., October 27, 1910. 

Professor Warren Harmon Lewis, 
Johns Hopkins University, 
Baltimore, Md. 

Dear Dr. Lewis: 

It came to our knowledge through a letter from your father that 
you were married on the twenty-third day of May last. It occurred to 
us that it would be a pleasant thing for the Class of 1868 of Yale College, 
whose Class Boy you are, to give you a wedding present As you did 
not receive the cup that was due you as the Class Baby, at our Triennial 
meeting in 1871, some of us thought that the wedding present might well 
take the form of a loving cup. This idea was heartily concurred in by 
the surviving members of the Oass, and resulted in the selection of the 
cup which is herewith sent to you. 

In common with all your godfathers of Sixty-eight, we sincerely hope 
that the cup will be cherished by you and your wife as a token that the 
classmates of your father in old Yale have not forgotten that you are 
their Class Boy. 

We would also lovingly call your attention to the fact that the Old 
Brick Row etched upon the cup, showing the famous corner of the old 
college fence, is dear to Yale graduates of our day and many days 
preceding, but exists now only in memory. 

In behalf of all our classmates, we beg to remain 

Lovingly and sincerely yours, 

C. D. Berry, 
J. L. Varick, 

W. A. McKlNNEY. 

To this letter Professor Lewis replied : 

Baltimore, Md., November 9, 1910. 

Dear Mr. McKinncy: 

The surprise and delight of the Class Boy and his wife were quite 
without bounds at the reception into their household of the very beautiful 
and attractive loving cup from the Class of 1868. 

I feel very much moved and stirred by the remembrance, not only 
because of its present day associations, but from the many early memories 
of the Class of Sixty-eight. Almost as far back as my memory goes, I 
have known of the Class of Sixty-eight and of Yale, through numerous 
photographs and records belonging to my father, and many times I have 
turned over the pages of the large album that contains all your portraits. 
Because of my love for my father, there has always been a very tender 
spot for those men who were so closely associated with him in the old 
college days. 

You and your classmates may well know that my wife and I will 
cherish this beautiful gift, for which we thank you most heartily, and 



54 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

wish that you might all step in and drink from it with us to Yale and the 
Class of Sixty-eight. 
With affectionate regards to my godfathers of Sixty-eight, 

Warren H. Lewis. 

Class Meeting in New York. On November 8, 19 lo, Varick 
sent out the following letter to all members of Sixty-eight, 
including non-graduates whose addresses were known: 

My dear Classmate: 

It having occurred to me that it might be pleasant for the mem- 
bers of our Class to get together and talk over old times, and finding that 
the idea meets the approval of those with whom I have come in contact, 
I write to ask if you can make it convenient to dine with me at the 
University Club, 5th Avenue and 54th Street, New York City, on the 
evening of December ist, 1910, at 7 o'clock. Kindly advise me at once 
if I may expect you, and oblige 

Yours sincerely, 

J. L. Varick. 
118 West 57th Street. 

All but eight of the graduates replied. Eighteen were present 
at the dinner, including the Class Boy, Dr. Lewis. The members 
of the class were seated alphabetically around a table, the center 
of which was strewn tastefully with an abundance of choice 
flowers. The dinner was perfect in all respects ; it could not have 
been otherwise when Varick was the host. 

Every one present spoke for himself and for absent classmates 
about whom he had recent information, and the universal tone 
was one of pride and satisfaction for what the class had 
accomplished and of hope for many years of active service yet 
to come. It was worth much to get together at this half-way 
station between our fortieth and forty-fifth anniversaries, and in 
this quiet way enjoy an evening in reviving college memories 
and in telling one another our experiences in these later years. 
There were present : 

Bingham, Brewster, Dixon, Greene, Hume, Linn, McKinney, Newell, 
Pierce, Pierson, Varick, Dr. Lewis, Viele, Welch, Wheeler, R. B. Williams, 
Woodruff, Wright. 

Inquiry was made for all who could not come, and letters or 
telegrams were read during the evening from Abbott, Bailey, 



HISTORY SINCE GRADUATION 55 

Beckwith, Berry, Bradford, Burns, Coats, Colt, Cramer, Daven- 
port, Day, de Kay, Durant, Fowler, Hill, Holmes, Homes, Inger- 
soll, F. B. Lewis, G. H. Lewis, John Lewis, Manierre, Morse, 
Page, Parry, Rawson, Rice, Robbins, Seagrave, Searls, Slay, 
Southworth, Trimble, Upshur, Washburn, Webster, Welles. 

Since the meeting in New York, the Secretary has sent to 
the members of Sixty-eight, graduate and non-graduate. Class 
Letters dated March 20, 191 1, and May 20, 1912. 

Wright Memorial Hall was opened for occupancy in Septem- 
ber, 1912, and furnished accommodations during the college year 
191 2- 1 3 to more than one himdred and sixty members of the 
Freshman Class- The building was dedicated with appropriate 
exercises on Saturday, November 23. The presentation address 
was made by George E. Ide of the Class of 1880. President 
Hadley accepted the gift for the University. Among the memo- 
rial suites are three, with the following inscriptions: 

Room 667. The gift of Charles W. Bingham, Class of 1868, 

and Henry P. Bingham, Class of 1910. 
Room 669. The gift of Dean Wright's Class, 1868. 
Room 670. In memory of Coburn Dewees Berry, Class of 

1868. The gift of the Class. 

The Reunion in 1913. Room 121, Hotel Taft, was engaged 
by the Committee for Commencement week, and here members 
of Sixty-eight were to be found from Saturday, June 14, till 
the Thursday following Commencement Day. Many of the 
class had rooms at Hotel Davenport, and some were pleasantly 
located with Mrs. B. R. Cowan at 371 Crown Street. Twenty- 
four came to the reunion : 

Bailey, Bingham, Brewster, Bull, Coats, Dixon, Greene, Hill, Linn, 
McKinney, Morse, Newell, Pierce, Rawson, Robbins, Searls, Slay, South- 
worth, Varick, Webster, Welch, Welles, Wheeler, Wright. 

Bull had not been at a class meeting since 1866 ; Robbins had 
not met with us since Triennial. The presence of these two 
classmates added greatly to the enjoyment of the week. 

There are now so many objects that claim attention at the 
time of the annual Commencement that there is hardly an hour 
of Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, or Wednesday that is not taken 
up by some public exercise. Sixty-eight did not attempt to take 



HISTORY SINCE GRADUATION 57 

in much beyond the Baccalaureate Sermon, the Organ Recital, 
and the annual meeting of the Yale Foreign Missionary Society 
on Sunday; the Presentation Day exercises, and the Glee Club 
Concert on Monday ; the Phi Beta Kappa meeting in the Chapel, 
and the Harvard- Yale baseball game at the Yale Field, on Tues- 
day. On Wednesday a part of the class attended Commence- 
ment in Woolsey Hall, and all went to the Alumni Dinner in the 
Yale Dining Hall. 

Of course the chief event of all, for us, was our class supper 
on Tuesday evening. Webster presided, and Bishop Brewster 
said grace. The menu gave universal satisfaction. A telegram 
was received from the Pacific coast, to which a reply was sent 
by the presiding officer : 

Los Angeles, Calif., June i6, 191 3. 
Sixty-eight Reunion, 

Hotel Taft, New Haven, Conn. 

We will convene Tuesday evening, eight-forty eastern time, to 
greet you across the continent in affectionate libation to Sixty-eight, to 
the health and welfare of all our dear classmates still with us, and fond 
remembrance of those gone before. Is all well? 

Ingersoll and Abbott. 

New H.\ven, Conn., June 17, 1913. 
Ingersoll and Abbott, 

Los Angeles, Cal. 

Twenty-four in number, we most heartily return your greetings and 
tenderly regret your absence. As of old, we are with you in your libations, 
and here's another to you and dear old Yale. 

J. H. Webster, Chairman. 

The Secretary read letters from Beckwith, Bradford, Colt, 
Cramer, Davenport, de Kay, Fowler, Homes, Hume, J. Lewis, 
Manierre, Means, Miller, Moore, Morse, Parry, Rice, Seagrave, 
Viele, H. S. Williams, R. B. Williams, Barnett, Boylan, Day, 
Durley, L. L. Hicks, Hobson, J. R. Holmes, Potter, and Upshur. 
The informal speeches of Newell, Bull, Robbins, Brewster, Linn, 
Rawson, Southworth, Coats, Welch, Slay, Searls, and Welles 
brought back pleasant memories of undergraduate days and gave 
inspiration and hope for the years to come. 



58 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

It was voted that a contribution from Sixty-eight be made to 
the fund for the erection of a Memorial Church in honor of 
DeForest, in Sendai, Japan, where he was located for twenty-five 
years. Twelve members of the class sent to the Secretary gifts 
of from five to forty dollars each, amounting in all to two 
hundred and sixteen dollars. This sum has been forwarded, 
through the American Board, to the Committee in Japan. 

Rev. Arthur F. Lewis, son of our classmate, F. B. Lewis, was 
the guest of the class, and brought greetings from his father in 
Montana. 

This was one of our best reunions, and was made especially 
impressive by the memory of so many dear classmates who have 
passed from earth. The exercises of the evening were fittingly 
closed with the benediction by Welles. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 



GRADUATES 

James Whitin Abbott 

Son of Rev. J. J. Abbott (Dartmouth 1839) and Margaret F. (Whitin) 
Abbott. His father was for many years Trustee of Bowdoin College and 
was one of the most learned Hebrew scholars of his time in the United 
States. His mother was the daughter of Paul Whitin and sister of Paul 
and John C, the original Paul Whitin & Sons. 

His brothers, J. J. Abbott, Ph.B. Yale '-72, and Paul Whitin Abbott, 
Ph.B. Yale '83, are still living. His brother, William Whittlesey Abbott. 
Ph.B. Yale >7. died July 8, 1899. 

James W. Abbott was born at Whitinsville, Mass., August 29, 
1846, and graduated at Phillips Academy, Andover, in the Class of 
1864. In college he gave special attention to gymnastics and 
athletics, and was a member of the Junior Promenade Com- 
mittee. After graduating from college, he pursued the course 
in civil engineering at the Sheffield Scientific School, receiving 
the degree of Ph.B. in 1870, and after a further year of gradu- 
ate study, received the degree of Master of Arts from Yale in 
1871. 

From October, 1871, to June, 1872, he was assistant engineer 
on the Kings County Town Survey, Brooklyn. During the fol- 
lowing two years he was engineer for the estate of Hon. William 
Walter Phelps in Bergen County, New Jersey. 

In January, 1875, J. W. and J. J. Abbott established the firm 
of Abbott Bros., at Lake City, Colo., where they were engaged 
in civil and mining engineering. He remained there until 1883, 
when the camp collapsed in financial panic. Up to that time he 
had prospered, but all his hard-bought accumulations were then 
swept away. 

After eighteen months spent in tentative effort to get satis- 
factorily into line in the East, he again returned to Colorado, 
where he assumed charge of the large transportation business of 



6o THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COIXEGE 

his brother-in-law, David Wood, at Ouray. He was soon 
appointed Clerk of the District Court at that place and held 
that office for ten years, finding some time to devote to his 
profession and other pursuits. 

The panic of 1893 produced a depression at Ouray, which 
threatened the existence of the camp, at that time principally a 
silver producer. In 1894 he went to the University of California 
for a six months' post-graduate course in mining branches, and 



in 1895 was elected manager of a large mining enterprise, known 
as the Ybarra Gold Mining Company, in Mexico. There he 
made a signal success, winning the confidence and esteem of 
the directors and stockholders of the company. After getting 
the business so thoroughly organized and systematized that he 
felt it no longer needed his supervision, late in ]896, he resigned 
and resumed general practice as mining engineer in California 
and Oregon, and in 1899 he returned to Colorado. 

In 1900 he received, unsolicited, the appointment of Special 
Agent for the United States Department of Agriculture, High- 
way Division, in charge of the Rocky Mountain and Pacific 
Coast branch, his field covering the entire region between the 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 6 1 

Missouri River and the Pacific Coast. This position he held for 
five years and acquired a national reputation as the "Pioneer 
Good Roads Man" of the West. He built object lesson roads, 
addressed public bodies, conventions and other assemblies, and 
wrote voluminously for publication. His monographs, entitled 
"Mountain Roads," "Mountain Roads as a Source of Revenue," 
and "The Use of Mineral Oil in Road Improvement," were 
published by the Government and many editions were required 
to supply the demand. 

In 1905 the road work of the Government was entirely 
reorganized, and Abbott declined to remain under the changed 
conditions. He returned to the practice of engineering, and for 
the next six years was located at Pioche, Nevada. A cataclysm 
similar to that which befell Lake City and Ouray came to Pioche 
in 1 9 10, when the most disastrous flood in all railroad history 
paralyzed every activity. In 1912 he withdrew from Pioche and 
is now living in Los Angeles, where he expects to remain 
permanently. He has recently published a booklet in clear and 
attractive style which convincingly shows the wonderful future of 
Los Angeles and Southern California. 

Abbott was married in Lake City, September 24, 1877, to 
Florence Wood of Topeka, Kansas, and has two children: 
Charles Whitin, bom December 5, 1878; Ruth Beatrice, born 
March 24, 1881. 

Charles is a mining engineer of diversified experience, but 
has no university diploma. He is at present manager of a large 
sheep enterprise in Idaho, and is acquiring a state-wide reputa- 
tion as an expert in that line. 

Ruth was graduated from Wellesley in 1904. She was married 
in June, 1906, to Edward H. Letchworth, now member of the 
law-firm of Kenefick, Cooke, Mitchell & Bass, Buffalo, N. Y., 
successor to the old firm of Grover Cleveland and former 
Postmaster-General Bissell, Yale '69. They have two children: 
Edward H., Jr., born January 9, 1909, and George Cutler, born 
September 12, 191 1. 

*Edwin Lee Allen 

Son of Edwin Lee and Lydia Waterman (Smith) Allen. His father, 
Edwin Lee Allen (first of the name), was born in North Ashford, Conn., 
June II, 1832, and died in Providence, October 16, 1849. He was a 



02 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

descendant of William Allen, who settled in Salisbury, Mass., about 1638. 
Allen's mother, Lydia Waterman Smith, was born in North Sciluate, 
R- I., August 14. 1826. The first of her line in this country was Christo- 
pher Smith of Providence, one of the earliest settlers of Rhode Island. 
After the death of her husband, Edwin Lee Allen, she married his brother, 
William Lafayette Allen, and had three sons, all of whom received the 
degree of B.A. at Yale: William L. Allen, Jr., in 1880, Martin S. Allen 
in 1882. and Z. Nelson Allen in 1886. 



Edwin L. Allen was born February 29, 1848, in Providence, 
R. I. In 1857 the family removed to New York, where he was 
prepared for college at Mount Washington Collegiate Institute. 
After a year's residence in New York, the family removed to 
Brooklyn, from which place he came to college. 

During the first year after graduation he taught in Columbia 
Grammar School, New York City. He then entered into busi- 
ness with his father, becoming a member of the firm of William 
L. Allen & Company, commission merchants, with which he was 
connected till his death. His three brothers, after graduating 
from Yale, all became members of the firm of William L. Allen 
& Company. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 6^ 

Allen was a member of the Central Congregational Church, 
a Masonic veteran, and one of the Board of Governors of the 
Sons of the American Revolution. 

He was married February 9, 1876, to Mary Tudor Pratt, 
daughter of John M. and Mary (Tudor) Pratt of Brooklyn, 
and had five children: Edwin Lee, born January 28, 1877; 
Harold Bruce, born May 17, 1880, died January 25, 191 1; 
Marion Tudor, born January 31, 1883, died April 18, 1884; 
Alice Cleveland, born March 18, 1889; John Pratt, born 
December 18, 1895. 

The eldest son, Edwin Lee, is interested in a large real estate 
and insurance firm in New York City. His residence is in 
Netherwood, N. J. He was married April 15, 1902, to Annie 
Elliott Langdon of Brooklyn and has two boys: Edwin Lee, 
fourth of the name, born June 6, 1905, in Brooklyn, and Lang- 
don, bom March 28, 1909, in Netherwood. 

Alice Cleveland was married November 26, 1913, to Walter 
B. Spellmire of Pittsburgh, Pa. 

John Pratt lives with his mother at the family home, 4S6A 
Classon Avenue, Brooklyn. 

Our classmate, Edwin Lee Allen, died suddenly at his home 

in Brooklyn, after a brief illness, December 19, 1904, in the 

fifty-seventh year of his age. He was a loyal member of his 

class and college, and liberal in his support of all good enter- 
prises. 

*Russell William Ayres 

Son of James R. and Eliza (Marshall) Ayres, was born at 
Peekskill, N. Y., January 10, 1844. When he was four years 
of age, his parents removed to Waterbury, Conn., from which 
place he came to college. 

He began his preparation for Yale at Fort Edward Institute, 
but interrupted his studies for a year's service in the army. 
August 21, 1862, he enlisted in the Twenty-third Connecticut 
Infantry. He was mustered in, November 14, and was 
appointed Corporal. The regiment, early in the winter, em- 
barked for the Gulf Department in Louisiana, and was chiefly 
employed in guarding the railroads and suppressing the guerrillas, 
while Ayres was detailed for duty at headquarters in New 
Orleans. He was discharged August 31, 1863, and in Septem- 



64 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

ber entered Wesleyan Academy, Wilbraham, Mass., where he 
completed his preparation for college. 

He was awarded prizes in Sophomore and Senior Composition ; 
won first prize in Debate in Freshman, Sophomore and Junior 
years; was an editor of the Yale Literary Maga::ine, President 
of Brothers, and one of the two Orators chosen from the class 
to represent Brothers in the "Statement of Facts" at the begin- 
ning of Senior year. 



After graduating at Yale, he commenced reading law with 
Judge Charles W. Gillette of Waterbury, and was admitted to 
the Bar in 1869. The following year was spent at the Harvard 
Law School, where he received his degree in June, 1870. Owing 
to ill-health, he was compelled to defer entering upon the active 
practice of his profession, though he still continued his literary 
as well as his legal studies, occasionally contributing to the local 
press. 

In the spring of 1872 he removed with his father to the town 
of Milford, Conn., near the seashore, seeking by out-of-door 
exercise and the management of a fann to recruit his health. 
Chiefly through his exertions, a depot on the New York and 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 65 

New Haven Railroad was located midway between Milford and 
West Haven, and a new settlement commenced, to which he gave 
the name of Woodmont. His hope was to make this his residence 
and to practice his profession in New Haven. The winter of 
1872-73 was spent in Florida, with some benefit to his health; 
but while traveling in the West in the early part of December, 
1873, he took a severe cold, and returning homeward stopped to 
visit his eldest brother at Syracuse, N. Y., where he was attacked 
with pneumonia and died after a brief illness, on the 14th of 
December, 1873. 

*William Turner Bacon 

Son of Leonard H. and Elizabeth C. (Turner) Bacon, and grandson 
of Rev. William W. Turner. On his father's side he was descended 
from Michael Bacon, one of the founders of the town of Dedham, Mass. 
(1640), and on his mother's side from Captain Nathanael Turner, who 
came from England with Governor Winthrop in 1650 and was one of the 
early settlers of the New Haven Colony. On his mother's side he was 
also descended from Lieutenant Zaccheus Peaslee of the staff of Gen. 
Moses Hazen of Revolutionary fame. His grandfather. Rev. William W. 
Turner, was graduated from Yale College in 1819. 

William T. Bacon was born in Hartford, Conn., August 27, 
1846, and was prepared for college at the Grammar School in 
Hartford. He entered college with '67, remained with that class 
till the close of Sophomore year, and joined '68 in May, 1866. 

After graduation he was a student of medicine in New York 
City, at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, and at the 
University of the City of New York, where he was graduated in 
1871. He was for twenty months on the House Staff of Charity 
Hospital, Blackwell's Island, and was subsequently tutor in 
Physiology and Histology in the medical department of the 
University of the City of New York; assistant surgeon in the 
New York Eye and Ear Infirmary; attending physician at 
the Bureau of Outdoor Relief; and assistant to Dr. Janeway 
in the pathological rooms of Bellevue Hospital, New York City. 

From October, 1876, till his death, he practiced medicine in 
Hartford, making a specialty of the eye and the ear, and became 
one of the most distinguished specialists in his line in New 
England. He was Ophthalmic and Aural Surgeon to the Hart- 
ford Hospital, a member of the American Ophthalmological 

5 



66 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Society, of the Connecticut Medical Society, and of the Ameri- 
can Medical Association, and President of the Hartford Medical 
Society and of the Hartford County Medical Society. The 
following papers were read before different Medical Societies 
and published in the proceedings of the Connecticut Medical 
Society or in pamphlet form : 



"Syphilitic Hypalitis,*' 1877. 

"Treatment of Phlyctenular Ophthalmia by Stimulation," 1878, 

"A Case of Secondary Sarcoma Causing Ocular Paralysis and Loss of 
Sight," 1882. 

"Glioma of Retina." 1884. 

"Adenoid Vegetation," 1891. 

"School Life in Relation to the Eyes," 1892. 

"Ophthalmia Neonatorum." 

"Reflex Neurosis Depending on the Eye." 

An article on "Color Blindness" was published in the Report of the 
Connecticut Board of Health for 1879. 

In 1877 he joined the Asylum Hill Congregational Church 
and allowed nothing to interfere with his attendance at the 
religious services. 

He was married in Hartford, June lo, 1875, to Mary E. Coit, 
daughter of Samuel Coit of that city. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 67 

He died from disease of the kidneys at his home in Hartford, 
March i6, 1906. In his will he left a legacy of one hundred 
thousand dollars to the Hartford Medical Society, and a residuary 
bequest to Yale University, from which it received sixty-eight 
thousand six hundred and thirty-one dollars available for the 
general purposes of the University: 

Dr. Harmon G. Lowe, in his obituary notice, said of him : 



*<i 



'Dr. Bacon was a ready writer. He was explicit in his statements and 
forcible in discussion, yielding a point only when thoroughly convinced 
of error. He was well versed in parliamentary usage, and made an excel- 
lent presiding officer. Under a sometimes austere exterior, he possessed 
an extremely kindly and charitable disposition." 



Stephen Goodhue Bailey 

Son of Thomas Duston and Ruth Folsom (Goodhue) Bailey. His 
paternal ancestor, Richard Bailey, came from England to Rowley, Mass., 
and was there connected with one of the first cloth mills in America. 
His father's mother was a Duston, descended from Thomas, eldest son 
of the Hannah Duston of Haverhill, Mass., who was captured by the 
Indians in 1697, and who escaped, after killing her captors, and returned 
to Haverhill with ten Indian scalps to prove her story. A commemorative 
statue has been erected to her at Haverhill, and a second monument 
stands on the little island, the scene of the tragedy, at the confluence 
of the Contoocook with the Merrimack, near Concord, N. H. His 
father's early life was spent on a farm in New Hampshire, which he 
left at the age of sixteen to serve an apprenticeship as mason and con- 
tractor, which occupation he followed in later years. 

Bailey's mother was a descendant of William Goodhue, born in Eng- 
land in 1612, who came to America in 1635 and settled in Ipswich, Mass. 
She was a native of Hebron, N. H., where her father, Stephen Goodhue, 
kept the village store, was Postmaster and Justice of the Peace. Her 
maternal grandfather was Rev. Thomas Page, who came to Hanover, 
N. H., from Connecticut at about the same time with Wheeler who 
founded Dartmouth College. "Priest Page," as he was familiarly called, 
saw some little service in the American Revolution and served as clergy- 
man in that region till his death. The two branches of his father's family, 
Bailey and Duston, as of his mother's family, Goodhue and Page, all 
trace their origin in this country from northeastern Massachusetts early 
in the seventeenth century. 

Stephen G. Bailey was born in Lowell, Mass., January 23, 1845, 
and was prepared for Yale at the Lowell High School. He was 
a devoted member of Brothers, and was President of that Society 
during the third term of his Senior year. 



68 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Comparing present accommodations with those of our day, 
he writes: "I came to Yale from a public high school, not 
acquainted with one man in the class, with no preparatory school 
backing. I roomed during my Freshman year in the old Athe- 
neum, occupying the classroom for a study and sleeping in the 
adjoining dark bedroom. In return for the care of the room 
and fire, I paid no rent. My callers were few, and I have 
always remembered with special gratitude a call from Tim 



Chapman, who came with abundant good feeling. This housing 
was not strictly demanded from the point of economy, though 
practiced with this end in view." 

After graduation, Bailey taught in Brattleboro, Vt., Brook- 
field, Mass., Marblehead, Mass., and became in 1871 Principal 
of the Franklin Grammar School, Lowell. This position he 
resigned in July, 1874, and engaged in the coal business. 

In 1875 he entered the Boston University School of Medicine, 
where he was graduated with honor in May, 1880. In the 
Medical School he was President of his class, and his graduating 
essay, on "The Germ Theory of Disease," won an important 
prize. After practicing for one year in Haverhill, Mass., he 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES— GRADUATES 69 

opened an office in Lowell, where he applied himself closely to 
his profession and was rewarded by a steadily increasing practice. 

In 1890 he went to the new State of Washington, where he 
spent eighteen months, practicing medicine and getting some 
knowledge of booming new towns and speculating in town lots. 
In the fall of 1891 he returned to Lowell and resumed the 
practice of his profession, and continued the same till 1898, when 
he entered the United States Customs service at Boston, where 
he still remains. 

Though of delicate constitution in early life, he has taken such 
care of his health, that at the age of sixty-nine years he can 
walk thirty miles in a day on the public highway. 

August 6, 1873, he was married at Lowell to Ella P. Pray, 
daughter of John Jones Pray, a native of Maine, a mason and 
builder in Lowell for many years. They have five children: 
Sidney Pray, born June 23, 1876; Thomas Duston, bom July 25, 
1878; Philip Goodhue, bom March 7, 1880; Paul, born July i, 
1884; and Ruth Merrill, bom May 24, 1886. 

Sidney Pray was married to Gertrude Hall in Lowell, June 6, 
1898, and has two children: Edward Hall, born Febmary i, 
1901, and Helen Margaret, born September 4, 1907. 

Thomas Duston was married to Marion Mason Hill at Rich- 
mond Hill, Long Island, April 19, 1910, and has two sons: 
Thomas Duston, Jr., born February 11, 191 1, and Stewart, born 
October i, 191 2. 

Ruth Merrill was graduated from Mount Holyoke College in 
1909. 

Isbon Thaddeus Beckwith 

His father, William Beckwith, son of Titus Beckwith, was born in 
East Lyme, Conn., November 26, 1803. The ancestors of his father's 
family came from England and settled in eastern Connecticut about 1640. 
The ancestors of his mother, Caroline (Champion) Beckwith, also came 
from England and settled in eastern Connecticut about 1645. Those of 
his own immediate line on both sides have always lived in that part of 
the country. They have been respectable and respected in their com- 
munities, following the common callings of the farmer, merchant, and 
trader, serving sometimes in offices for the town and sometimes in war. 

Isbon T. Beckwith was born in Old Lyme, Conn., October 18, 
1843, was prepared for college by Rev. J. C. Nichols of Old 
Lyme, and entered the class January 6, 1865. He was one of the 



70 THE CLASS OF l86S, YALE COLLEGE 

Speakers at Junior Exhibition and at Commencement, with High 
Oration rank in scholarship. In Senior year he received a first 
prize for English Composition, and was awarded the DeForest 
Medal, dividing; the honor with G. H. Lewis. 

For two years after graduation he was Instructor in Greek 
in East Tennessee University, Knoxville. In September, 1870, 
he became Tutor in Greek at Yale College, and continued in 
the tutorship till July, 1872, when he received the degree of Ph.D, 



upon an examination in Philosophy and Philology. He then 
spent two years at the Universities of Gdttingen and Leipsic, 
studying Theology and Philology, and on his return became again 
Tutor in Greek at Yale. In 1879 he accepted the professor- 
ship of Greek in Trinity College, Hartford, which he held till 
called in 1898 to the professorship of the Literature and Inter- 
pretation of the New Testament in the General Theolc^cal 
Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States, located in New York City. He resigned this position in 
1906, and has since resided in Hartford, where he has taught 
classes in Trinity College and continued his studies in New 
Testament Greek. His time and strength have been spent mostly 
on teaching, in which his success has been remarkable. He is 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 7 1 

one of the very few teachers who can make his students, even 
the undergraduates, his friends and daily companions without 
any loss of dignity. 
He has published : 



tf 



The Bacchantes of Euripides," in the College Series of Greek Authors, 
Ginn & Co., 1885. 

A paper on "The Articular Infinitive with fii," in the Journal of Bibli- 
cal Literature, 1896. 

He is now engaged in some writing in the department of New 
Testament exegesis. 

Beckwith is a member of the Arch^ological Institute of 
America, of the American Philological Association, and of the 
Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis. 

He was ordained to the diaconate in the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in 1875, and to the priesthood in 1876. Trinity College 
conferred on him the degree of D.D. in 1898. 



*Coburn Dewees Berry 

Son of W. T. and Mary (Tannehill) Berry. His father was the head 
of the well-known book firm of W. T. Berry & Company of Nashville, 
Tenn. His home was three miles from Nashville, on the Franklin Pike, 
where our classmate's boyhood was spent. 

Cobum D. Berry was born in Nashville, October 27, 1844. 
For several years he and his brother (now Admiral Albert Berry 
of the United States Navy) attended the local school taught by 
Andrew Campbell. His father was a Union man, and in 1863 
he sent his son North for his education and entered him in the 
Hopkins Grammar School in New Haven, placing him in the 
family of the Rector, Rev. J. M. Whiton. 

Berry finished his preparation for college in one year, and 
entered Yale in September, 1864. James Trimble, Horace 
Cooper, and Samuel Watson, all from Nashville, entered at the 
same time. The gift of the wooden spoon marked him as the 
most popular man in his class. 

In the fall of 1868 he returned to Nashville, where he studied 
law with Hon. Edmund Baxter. In 1871 he became a member 
of the law firm of Campbell, McEwan, Berry & Lea. The firm 
ceased to exist in 1875, and he continued the practice alone. 
He devoted himself mainly to the chancery division and built 



7a THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

up a very large practice, and likewise gained to such a degree 
the respect and confidence of the community that he became one 
of the most popular and prominent citizens of Nashville. He 
was the trusted counsellor of a large number of clients who had 
perfect faith in his integrity. In 1888 he was elected, by the 
Tennessee Senate, Trustee of the University of Nashville, and 
through that office became Chairman of the Montgomery Bell 
Academy Commission. He gave much time and attention to the 



interests of these two institutions, and was never absent from a 
meeting of the University Trustees. 

October 29, 1873, he was married, at Nashville, to Mannie 
Kirkman, daughter of John Kirkman. He had five children, 
all born in Nashville: John Kirkman, September 5, 1874; 
Coburn Dewees, March 19, 1877 ; Catherine Kirkman, September 
25, 1879; James Porter Kirkman, June 27, 1882; William Tyler, 
October 9, 1884. 

John Kirkman was graduated from Yale College in 1896, 
received the degree of LL.B. from New York Law School in 
1898, and is now a lawyer in New York City. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 73 

Coburn Dewees was graduated from Yale College in 1899. 
He died at Ashevrlle, N. C, March 16, 1901. 

James Porter Kirkman completed the course in Civil Engineer- 
ing with the Class of 1904 in the Sheffield Scientific School, and 
began work with an engineering corps near Knoxville, Tenn. He 
died March 11, 1905, after an illness of four days, with acute 
pneumonia. 

William Tyler was graduated from the Sheffield Scientific 
School in 1906, and is a civil engineer located in Nashville. 

In November, 1909, Berry wrote to the Secretary: "I have a 
mind to retire to my farm, a fine one in an adjoining county, 
and enjoy rural life for the balance of my days. I am looking 
forward to a country life." In September, 1911, he went north 
with Mrs. Berry for a week's visit with his son, John K. Berry, 
in Greenwich, Conn. While calling at the home of his classmate, 
Samuel H. Wheeler, in Bridgeport, he was taken seriously ill 
and died suddenly on Wednesday, September 13. Funeral 
serv^ices were held at his home in Nashville, on the Franklin 
Pike. The burial was in Mount Olivet. 

Berry was a man universally beloved by his classmates, and 
the world will never seem quite the same to any of us now that 
we see his face no more. He was the perfect Southern gentle- 
man, warm-hearted, sympathetic, companionable, always thought- 
ful of others, responding generously to those in need. 

The Nashville Tennessean of September 14 said: 



«i 



'Personally, Mr. Berry was a man of courtly bearing, and possessed 
the happy faculty of attaching many friends to him, who seemed to 
rely upon him for all the tender offices of friendship. He was a public- 
spirited man, and his views on all public matters were often sought. He 
had the full respect and esteem of his fellow-lawyers, who reposed in 
him as a man and as a lawyer the utmost confidence." 



Judge Robert Ewing paid this tribute to his friend : 

"He was notably a charitable man, helpful to those in sorrow and dis- 
tress, never better satisfied than when he had relieved the cares and set 
at peace the minds of those left alone in life and needing a wise counsel- 
lor. By a large class of these he will be sorely missed, for he was indeed 
their friend. 

'Those who knew Mr. Berry most intimately, and had the opportunity 
of seeing what he was quietly accomplishing, were of opinion that the 
finest trait of his character was his intense interest in the educational 



74 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

welfare of boys and girls, especially those who needed help. Number- 
less, almost, are the names of those who gratefully remember him for 
assistance rendered. 

"Mr. Berry was a modest, retiring man. His own views on all impor- 
tant questions were pronounced, but he never sought offensively to force 
these on others. He was respectful and considerate of the feelings of 
those with whom he came in contact. His education, thorough knowledge 
of the best literature, and his keen sympathy in the affairs of life which 
touched his friends, rendered him a delightful companion; but most of 
all he was prized as a friend in time of sorrow. Three days before leav- 
ing Nashville he went to Craggie Hope, to the bedside of a dying school- 
mate. Thursday following, he arranged for his funeral in the old city 
cemetery, and was the comforting friend of those left behind." 



*Algernon Sydney Biddle 

Son of George Washington and Maria (McMiirtrie) Biddle. His 
father, George W. Biddle, was the son of Clement Cornell Biddle, a 
Colonel in the War of 1812, and grandson of Colonel Clement Biddle, 
an officer of the Revolutionary Army, who was known as the "Quaker 
Soldier." The family was descended from William Biddle, the immi- 
grant, who settled in New Jersey in 1681. 

Two brothers were graduates of Yale College: George W. Biddle in 
the Class of '63, and Arthur Biddle in the Class of '73. 

Algernon S. Biddle was born in Philadelphia, Pa., October ii, 
1847, and was fitted for college at the school kept by Rev. James 
Gilbourne Lyons, near Rosemont, a station on the line of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad. 

He joined our class at Yale at the beginning of the third term 
of Sophomore year, and at once took a high rank as a scholar. 
In mathematics and kindred subjects none could surpass him. 
He took first prize in mathematics, wrote for the Lit, and was 
awarded the Berkeley Scholarship at graduation. 

The year after graduation he spent in Germany, chiefly for 
the purpose of mastering the German language. He returned 
at the end of the year to his home in Philadelphia and entered 
upon the study of his profession, the law, in the office of his 
father. He succeeded as a lawyer, and as a man was honored by 
all who met him. He argued great causes, and was chosen 
one of the Professors of Law at the University of Pennsyl- 
vania. His voice was heard on the public stage in aid of good 
government. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 



After a brief illness, he died in Philadelphia, April 8, 1891. 
He was stricken down in the midst of his usefulness, and 
before he had had the opportunity to show all that was in him. 
Those of us who were with him in college knew that above his 
talents and his industry stood out the natural kindliness, the 
manliness, courage and truthfulness which formed the chief 
attraction of his character. 

Biddle was married June 28, 1879, to Frances Robinson, 
daughter of Moncure Robinson of Philadelphia, and had four 
children: Moncure, bom October 27, 1882, a student in Harvard 
Collie from 1901 to 1904; George Washington, born January 
27, 1885, graduated from Harvard College in 1908 and from 
the Harvard Law School in 1911 ; Francis Beverley, bom May 9, 
1886, graduated from Harvard College in 1909 and from the 
Harvard Law School in 191 1 ; Sydney Geoffrey, bom June 16, 
1889, graduated from Harvard College in 1913. 



THE CLASS OF I868, YALE COLLEGE 



Charles William Bingham 

Son of William and Elizabeth (Beardsley) Bingham. His father was 
bom in Andover, Conn., and was son of Cyrus Bingham. His Bingham 
ancestors settled in Norwich, Conn., but soon removed to Andover, where 
live generations lie in the old cemetery. Some of them were soldiers in 
the War of 1812. His mother was of Quaker descent; her father, David 
H. Beardsley. came from Philadelphia to northern Ohio in i8», and was 
appointed, by Governor Jeremiah Morrow, Judge of the Courl of Common 
Pleas in 1824. 

Charles W. Bingham was born in Cleveland, Ohio, May 22, 
1846, and prepared for college at Hopkins Grammar School in 
New Haven. He was a member of the Freshman Jubilee Com- 
mittee and of the Wooden Spoon Committee ; was Second Lieu- 
tenant of the Glyuna Boat Club in Sophomore year and Captain 
of the '68 Boat Club in Senior year, rowed on the Glyuna or class 
crew every fall and spring while in college and was stroke of 
the Glyuna Shell and of the '68 Shell in Senior year. 

He went abroad soon after graduation, and the greater part of 
the years 1868, 1869 and 1870 were spent in Europe in study and 
travel. On his return to Cleveland, he was for one year in the 
employ of the hardware firm of William Bingham & Company, 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 77 

when he began with the Cleveland Iron Company and worked his 
way up through the various grades to that of General Superin- 
tendent. In 1878 he went back to William Bingham & Company 
as a member of the firm. 

During his active and useful life he has had his share of posi- 
tions of honor and trust, among which may be mentioned the 
following: President of the Standard Tool Company, manufac- 
turers; President of the Standard Welding Company, manu- 
facturers; President of the Perry- Payne Company, real estate; 
President of the Country Club, golf, etc. ; Vice-President of the 
W. Bingham Company, hardware; Trustee and Treasurer of 
the Case Library; Trustee of Adelbert College, of the Case 
School of Applied Science, of Western Reserve Historical Society, 
of the Cleveland Art Museum, and of the First Presbyterian 
Church; Director of the Bank of Commerce, of the National 
Commercial Bank, of the Citizens' Savings and Trust Company, 
and of various other corporations, also of the Rowfant Book 
Club, and of the University Club, of which he was the first 
President. He likewise has had the care of several funds left 
by will for various charitable objects, or for the encouragement 
and advancement of art and education. 

He was married in Cleveland, June 8, 1876, to Mary Payne, 
daughter of Hon. H. B. Payne of the United States Senate, and 
of Merry (Perry) Payne, and has had five children, all born in 
Cleveland : 

Oliver Perry, born December 2, 1877, died in 1900 at his 
home in Florida after a seven years' struggle with valvular disease 
of the heart. 

William, born July 20, 1879. 

Elizabeth Beardsley, born September 29, 1881, married Septem- 
ber 29, 1910, to Dudley Stuart Blossom, a graduate of Yale 
College in the Class of 1901. 

Frances Payne, born March 29, 1885, married to C. C. Bolton, 
a graduate of Harvard College, in 1905. 

Henry Payne, born December 9, 1887, graduated from Yale 
College in 1910, now with the Upson Nut Company, Cleveland. 
He was married January 13, 1912, to Harriette, daughter of 
Caleb Emery Gowen. 

Mrs. Mary Payne Bingham died in Florida, after a short 
illness, on January 20, 1898. 



THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 



♦Herbert Boardman 



Herbert Boardman was born in Covert, Seneca Co., N. Y., 
October 23. 1845, and was a student at the Trumansburg 
Academy, under E. M. Maynard, where he pursued the studies 
in preparation for Yale. In college he was interested in boating, 
and rowed on his class crew in Senior year. 

After his graduation he engaged for a short time with his 
brother, Myron Boardman, in fruit farming, near Trumansburg 
Landing, and taught successfully in the Ithaca Academy. After- 
ward, through the influence of his uncle. Judge Douglass Board- 
man, he received an appointment as clerk in the General Land 
Office, Department of the Interior, at Washington. In 1870 he 
attended medical lectures at the Georgetown University, where 
he received his degree of M.D. in March, 1872. 

He was married June 18, 1873, to U. Louise Cole of Covert. 
In September of the same year he resigned his clerkship at 
Washington and began the practice of his profession at 
Rochester. He won the respect and confidence of the ablest and 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 79 

most experienced physicians of the city, and was summoned to 
their consultations. He was elected President of the Patho- 
logical Society, January i, 1875; attending physician, in turn, 
to the Rochester Free Dispensary, April, 1875 ; and was also a 
member of the city and county medical societies. 

While attending a patient who died of malignant diphtheria, 
the germs of that disease were implanted in his system, and after 
an illness of only four days, he sank rapidly and expired on the 
morning of July 4, 1875. 

Edward Green Bradford 

Son of Judge Edward G. and Mary Alicia (Heyward) Bradford, is 
a descendant in the eighth generation from Governor Bradford of the 
Plymouth Colony, and is a great-grandson of Thomas Heyward, signer 
of the Declaration of Independence. 

Edward G. Bradford was born in Wilmington, Delaware, 
March 12, 1848, and was prepared for college by Rev. W. 
Murphy of that city. 

Soon after leaving college he entered a lawyer's office in Wil- 
mington, and May 9, 1870, was admitted to the Bar. He has 
worked steadily for over forty-three years, and has long been 
one of the most prominent lawyers in Delaware. May 11, 1897, 
he was appointed United States District Judge of the District 
of Delaware. 

Bradford has taken considerable interest in politics, being still, 
as he was in college, a pronounced Republican, which has not 
been favorable to his political advancement in a Democratic state. 
In 1881 he was a member of the Delaware House of Repre- 
sentatives, received a complimentary vote for the Speakership 
from the Republican members, and was the acknowledged leader 
of the Republican party in that body. In 1888 he was chairman 
of the Delaware delegation to the Republican convention at 
Chicago, which nominated Harrison and Morton. When Dela- 
ware elected a Republican Legislature in 1888, Bradford was 
mentioned for U. S. Senator. Referring to this, the Philadelphia 
Times of December 17 said: 

"It is a good thing to know that there is even a remote possibility of 
having the lightning strike a candidate so well equipped. He is the ablest 
young lawyer at the Bar of the State, a man with all the qualities for 
the high position, and a favorite with all factions of the party." 



8o THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

He was the most active member of the Delaware Constitutional 
Convention that framed the existing constitution of 1897, 
received the complimentary vote of the Republican members of 
that body for the office of President of the Convention, and 
contributed to the constitution the provisions relative to the 
purity of the ballot. For twenty years he has been an active 
delegate at the General Convention of the Episcopal Church, 
He is Governor of the Society of Colonial Wars in Delaware; 



Vice-President of the American Bar Association for Delaware; 
member of the International Maritime Law Committee; and 
connected with many other organizations, social, scientiiic, and 
philanthropic. 

In advocating before President Taft the promotion of Judge 
Bradford from the United States District Court to the bench 
of the Circuit Court of Appeals, Col. Benjamin Nields, the oldest 
practicing lawyer at the Delaware Bar, said : 

"Since May 11, 189?, for nearly fifteen years, he has been a District 
Judge who has heard and tried cases in every District in the Third 

"As a District Judge sitting in the Circuit Court of Appeals he has 
heard over a hundred cases and decided over seventy-five cases. His 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 8 1 

opinions appear in the Federal Reporter from Volume 82 to 190 inclusive. 
He has rendered notable decisions in admiralty, patent, trade-mark, and 
unfair competition cases, as shown in recent text-books. No writ of 
error was ever presented from the numerous criminal cases he has tried 
in the District of Delaware, the bar of Delaware acquiescing universally 
in the fairness of his charge to juries. 

"He was designated by the Maritime Association of the United States 
to represent that Association at the Venice Conference of the International 
Maritime Committee, where he took an active part and was elected a 
Vice-president of the permanent International Maritime Committee. He 
attended and participated in the Conference at Bremen. Judge Bradford 
has had fifteen years' experience as a Judge in the Circuit Court of 
Appeals for the Third Circuit. We present a candidate whose record 
is established by the decisions of that court. His record will compare 
favorably with the record of any District or Circuit Judge in the United 
States. He is the senior in commission of the eight District Judges in 
the Third Circuit. 

"We want him and judges like him, who will maintain the fundamental 
principles upon which our government is founded. We therefore ask 
that he may be appointed." 

In commenting on this much-desired appointment, the editor 
of the Wilmington Star, in its issue of February 25, 1912, said : 

"Bradford's long and honorable service as a member of the national 
judiciary is a matter of pride to every Delawarian, and all of us would be 
glad to see that service fittingly recognized by his elevation to a higher 
and more remunerative post." 

When through the death of Justice Brewer a vacancy occurred 
in the United States Supreme Court, the Bench and Bar of 
Delaware united in recommending Judge Bradford for this 
position, and presented to President Taf t the following petition : 



u 

u 



To the President of the United States: 

We, the undersigned members of the Bench and Bar of the State of 
Delaware, respectfully propose and recommend for your consideration. 
Honorable Edward G. Bradford for the existing vacancy in the Supreme 
Court of the United States. He has served for thirteen years as United 
States District Judge in the District of Delaware, with notable ability, 
not only in original causes which have come before him in the Circuit and 
District Courts, but also in appellate causes in the Court of Appeals for 
this circuit. 

"As a lawyer Judge Bradford ranks with the foremost. In essential 
qualities of mind and temperament and practical achievement as a judge, 
we believe Judge Bradford to fully measure up to the high standard of 
the greatest of American judicial tribunals." 
6 



82 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Bradford was practically the unanimous choice of the con- 
gressional delegation, and of the judiciary, as well as of the 
lawyers of Delaware. The nomination was supported by the 
public press. The Wilmington Star of April 24, 1910, after 
giving an account of his career, said : 

"Judge Bradford's qualifications as a jurist are not questioned, and that 
he is well fitted for the high post of Supreme Court Judge is the gen- 
eral opinion of every lawyer and jurist in the State. As Judge, he has 
measured up to every requirement. Important cases in admiralty, bank- 
ruptcy, receiverships, and patent cases have been heard and determined by 
him, and his decisions have almost without exception been upheld when 
appealed to a higher tribunal." 

The following is from the Morning News of the same city, 
dated April 27, after Justice Brewer's successor had been named : 

"Many men were suggested for the vacant seat, and among the names 
oflFered was that of the Honorable Edward G. Bradford of the United 
States Court for the District of Delaware. Judge Bradford is fitted for 
a position on the Supreme Court Bench, but Delaware has never had a 
representative in that Court, which fact is not to the discredit of Dela- 
ware, but instead seems to imply that the State is too small to receive 
such an honor. Judge Bradford is unquestionably one of the strongest 
men to be found among the United States Judges, and he has a record 
of the highest quality in respect to opinions on important questions. Dela- 
ware would have been pleased to have had Judge Bradford advanced 
to the Supreme Court, but it is also pleased to know that he is to be kept 
in his present position. He performs his duty with dignity, and shows 
a keen interpretation of the law that places him in the front ranks of 
the members of the national judiciary." 

Judge Bradford, in expressing his appreciation of this nomina- 
tion, said : 

"This tribute I prize all the more as it came unsought by me, and origi- 
nated wholly without my knowledge or suspicion. That my course on the 
bench has met with such warm and general approval as has just been 
shown will ever remain a source of the liveliest satisfaction to me. I 
shall always cherish with affectionate gratitude the regard and esteem so 
generously bestowed upon me by so many of my fellow-citizens, regard- 
less of party. Such a manifestation of friendship and approval from 
those among whom my lot has been cast affords me far keener pleasure 
than would the possession and enjoyment of the exalted office of which 
they deemed me worthy." 

Bradford has written for the press from time to time numer- 
ous articles upon political and social subjects, and has made many 
public addresses. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 83 

He was married on the i8th of September, 1872, at St. John's 
Episcopal Church, Wilmington, to Eleuthera Paulina du Pont, 
and has had five children: Eleuthera du Pont, born July 12, 
1873; Mary Alicia Heyward, bom August 5, 1875; Edward 
Green, born September 11, 1878; Alexis Irenee du Pont, bom 
Febmary 14, 1880, died in March of the same year; Joanna 
du Pont, bom July 17, 1881. 

Eleuthera du Pont Bradford was married September 15, 1897, 
in St. John's Church, Wilmington, to Henry Belin du Pont, 
and has one child, Henry Belin du Pont, Jr., born July 23, 1898. 

Mary Alicia Heyward Bradford was married April 30, 1902, 
in Christ Church near "Hagley," to George Amory Maddox, 
and had one daughter, Alicia Amory Maddox, born August i, 
1903. Having been divorced from Mr. Maddox, Mrs. Maddox 
was married on October 15, 1907, to Alfred Irenee du Pont, in 
New York. 

Edward Green Bradford, Jr., was graduated from Yale College 
in the Class of 1900. He is a lawyer, with offices in Wilmington 
and residence at "Hagley," a few miles out of the city. In the 
fall of 1912 he was elected to the State Legislature, of which he 
had been a member in 1908. 

Joanna du Pont Bradford was married June 21, 1905, in 
St. John's Church, Wilmington, to William Bush, and has three 
children: Joanna du Pont Bush, bom December 2, 1906; Mary 
Hemphill Bush, born May 5, 1908; and Martha Potter Bush, 
born April 17, 1911. 



*William Chittenden Bragg 

The third child of Dr. Addison G. and Ruby A. (Benton) Bragg. Dr. 
Addison G. Bragg was born in Springfield, Vt, in 1811 ; removed to Illi- 
nois about 1839, where he practiced medicine for several years, and later 
removed to St. Louis. He was married (i) to Maria Fessenden, who was 
born at Petersboro. N. H., in 1813, and by whom he had two children; 
(2) to Ruby A. Benton, born at Cornwall, Vt., September 26, 1821, died 
at Los Angeles, Cal., in 1903. By her he had seven children. 

William C Bragg was born in Belleville, III., April 12, 1845, 
and was prepared for college in St. Louis, by Wallace C. Wilcox. 
He was a member of the Freshman Jubilee Committee, of the 



84 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Junior Promenade Committee, and of the Thanksgiving Jubilee 
Committee in Junior year. 

After graduating, he studied law at St. Louis, and, having 
been admitted to the Bar in 1871, opened an office at New Haven, 
Mo. In the autumn of 1873 he removed to St. Louis, where he 
continued in practice till his death. In 1878 he removed his 
residence to Kirkwood, fourteen miles from the city, on the 
Missouri Pacific Railway. 



He edited : 

"A Digest of the Decisions of the Missouri Court of Appeals." in two 
volumes, the first in 1881, and the second in 18S3. 

"Missouri Masonic Law ; a Digest of the Decisions of the Grand Lodge, 
A. F. & A. M., of the State of Missouri, from 1820 to 1885." 1885. 

He died of congestion of the brain, September 7, 1895, at the 
Alexian Brothers' Hospital in St. Louis. 

September 22, 1872, he was married, at New Haven, Mo., to 
Emma Ross, the youngest of six children of Captain John T. 
and Eliza (Hardy) Ross. Mrs. Bragg's father. Captain John 
T, Ross, was of Scotch descent and came to America as a sailor 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 85 

in early life. Her mother, Eliza Hardy, was born at Marble- 
head in 1800, of English parents, was married to Captain Ross 
in 1828 at Newburyport, and died in New Haven, Mo., in 1865. 

Mr. and Mrs. Bragg had three children: Mary Ross, born 
October 17, 1873, at St. Louis; Ruby Benton, born July 27, 1875, 
at St. Louis, died October 4, 1881 ; Harry Nicholas, born April 
26, 1880, at Kirkwood. 

Mary Ross was married in Kirkwood, to J. H. Ewald of 
St. Louis, and resides in Kirkwood. Children: William Bragg 
Ewald, born August 3, 1897, and James Howard Ewald, Jr., 
born March 19, 1900. 

Harry Nicholas was married in St. Louis, December 17, 1908, 
to Eleanor Henley, who died October 20, 1910. 



Chauncey Bunce Brewster 

Eldest son of Rev. Joseph Brewster (Yale College 1842) and of Sarah 
Jane (Bunce) Brewster, and brother of James H. Brewster (Ph.B. Yale 
1877), Professor of Law in the University of Michigan; Rev. William J. 
Brewster (B.A. Yale 1881), Rector of St. John's Churcii, Warehouse Point, 
Conn.; and Benjamin Brewster (B.A. Yale 1882), Missionary Bishop of 
Western Colorado. He is descended from Elder Brewster, the leader of 
the Mayflower Colony. His grandfather, James Brewster, was a public- 
spirited and philanthropic citizen of New Haven, and was one of the cor- 
porators who secured the charter of the Hartford and Xew Haven 
Railroad. He gave a new building to the New Haven Orphan Asylum. 
Two of his mother's ancestors, Thomas Bunce and Thomas Bull, were 
among the founders of Hartford. The latter was in command of the fort 
at Saybrook when Sir Edmund Andrus attempted to capture it. His 
great-grandfather, David Bunce, was in Colonel Wolcott's regiment, which 
responded to the call of Washington for troops from New England in the 
spring of 1776. 

Chauncey B. Brewster was born in Windham, Conn., September 
5, 1848, prepared for college at Hopkins Grammar School, and 
entered from Mt. Carmel, where his father resided, being then 
Rector of Christ Church, New Haven. He had Oration rank at 
Junior Exhibition and High Oration at Commencement; won 
first prize in English Composition in both Sophomore and Senior 
years, first prize in Declamation, and first in Debate whenever 
he entered the competition; and was unanimously elected Class 
Historian and Class Orator. 



86 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

The first year after graduation he spent in study in New 
Haven, the second at Berkeley Divinity School, Middletown. 
Conn. He was Tutor in Latin and Greek at Yale College one 
year, and then continued his theological studies in Middletown. 

In 1872 he was ordained Deacon in the Protestant Episcopal 
Qiurch, and served a year as Assistant Minister of St Andrew's 
Church at Meriden, Conn. May 2, 1873, he was ordained to the 
Priesthood, and became Rector of Christ Church, Rye, N. Y., 



in June following. On the 26th of February, 1882, having 
resigned his parochial charge at Rye, he entered upon the rector- 
ship of Christ Church, Detroit, Mich. In 1885 he accepted a 
call to Grace Church, Baltimore, where he remained till April, 
1888, when he removed to Brooklyn and became Rector of Grace 
Church, Brooklyn Heights. In June, 1897, he was elected Bishop 
Coadjutor of Connecticut and was consecrated in New Haven, 
October 28. On February 7, 1899, he became Bishop of Con- 
necticut. The honorary degree of D.D. was conferred upon him 
by Trinity in 1897, by Yale in 1898, and by Wesleyan in 1903. 

He has published, in addition to sermons, lectures, and various 
articles in reviews; 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 87 

'*Thc Key of Life," Good-Friday Addresses, Thomas Whittaker, 1894. 
"Aspects of Revelation," Longmans, Green & Co., 1901. 
"The Catholic Ideal of the Church," Thomas Whittaker, 1905. 
"The Kingdom of God and American Life,^' Thomas Whittaker, 191 2. 

He was married to Susan Huntington Whitney, daughter of 
Eli Whitney, October 15, 1873, ^^ New Haven. A son, Eli 
Whitney Brewster, born May 15, 1885, died on the 29th of the 
same month. Mrs. Brewster died May 24, 1885. On June 20, 
1893, he was again married to Alice Tucker Stephenson, daughter 
of George S. Stephenson of Brooklyn. A daughter, Eleanor 
Longfellow, was born July 5, 1894. 



*Joseph Scribner Burns 

• Son of Colonel John G. and Mary (Kimball) Burns. His father, son 
of John Burns, of French nationality, was a hustling? business man, a 
farmer, a brick maker, and manager of extensive lumber business on the 
gre3t lakes of Maine. He was active in politics and acquainted with many 
of the prominent public men of his day. His mother was daughter of 
Peter Kimball, a carriage maker, four of whose sons, in connection with 
George and David Cook, once had a large carriage factory in New Haven, 
Conn. 

Joseph S. Burns was born in Oxford, Me., January 14, 1842, 
and was prepared for college by N. T. True, Bethel, Me. He 
came to Yale from Bowdoin College, and entered the class in 
September, 1867. 

Soon after graduation he went to Atlanta, Ga., and made the 
South his home for ten years. He first engaged in railroad 
business, and, at the time he left it, he was Assistant Superin- 
tendent of the Brunswick and Albany Railroad. In 1871 he 
returned to the study of medicine, which he had abandoned some 
years before to prepare for the academic course. He was grad- 
uated at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York City, 
in the Class of '73, and entered into practice at once in Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. In the course of his practice in that city, he took 
his turn in serving as surgeon in charge of the City Hospital. 
In the epidemic of yellow fever which reached Memphis soon 
after cholera had subsided, he was appointed by the Mayor 
of Chattanooga as one of the Quarantine Officers to inspect 
Memphis trains. 



88 



HE CLASS OF lOOO, YALE COLLEGE 



In the summer of 1874, while visiting charity patients in the 
country, he received a partial sunstroke, from which he did not 
make a good recovery, and feeling much depressed the following 
spring, he left the South, expecting never to revisit it. In Octo- 
ber, however, having, as he thought, fully recovered, he returned, 
but passed an indifferent winter, and from the spring of 1876 
till his final return to the North in April, 1879, his health 
constantly declined. 



In the fall of 1880, being much improved in health, he 
engaged at the Highland Military Academy, Worcester, Mass., 
where he remained four years, the last three as Head Master. 
He spent the next two years at Chester, Pa., as Professor of 
Latin and Greek in the Pennsylvania Military College. In 1886 
he became Master of Mathematics in St, Paul's Cathedral School, 
at Garden City, L. I. From 1889 to 1894 he was Principal of 
pubhc schools in Brooklyn, N. Y. He resigned this position 
March 6, 1894, and removed to East Orange, N. J., where he 
had lived at various times for about twenty years. From 1899 
to 1906 he was Principal of the High School in Hardwick, Mass. 
On February 13 of the latter year he was taken seriously ill 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 89 

in the school room, and was not able to teach after that date. 
His home for the remainder of his life was in Braintree, Mass. 
His service as teacher and principal covered a period of twenty- 
six years. 

After a long illness he died July 26, 1913, at Ashmont, Mass., 
from locomotor ataxia. 

While in the practice of his profession in Chattanooga, he 
published the following papers : 

"On the Diagnostic Value of Certain Symptoms in the Early Stages of 
Small Pox." Boston Journal of Medicine and Surgery. 

"On Medication by Hypodermic Injection." Nashville Journal of Medi- 
cine and Surgery, August, 1874. 

"On the Pathology of Cholera." Nashville Journal of Medicine and 
Surgery, August, 1874. 



*John Marvin Chapin 

The only son of Marvin and Rebecca (Stow) Chapin, was 
born in Springfield, Mass., May 15, 1844. 

After having attended the Academy at Westfield, Mass., and 
Williston Seminary at Easthampton, he completed his prepara- 
tion for college under the late Rev. Henry M. Colton of Middle- 
town, Conn. 

In college, though not a brilliant scholar, he was a faithful 
student, and derived more benefit from his studies than many 
who ranked above him in scholarship. He gave time to debating, 
was a competitor in the Linonia Sophomore Prize Debate, and 
was President of Linonia during the second term of Senior year. 
He was especially prominent for his religious activity, was a 
member of the College Church Committee, and was also engaged 
in work in the Mission Sunday Schools of the city. During 
his last year he was Superintendent of the Temple Street Sunday 
School. 

After graduation, he spent a few months in the office of an 
insurance company in Springfield. In February, 1869, he went 
out with another gentleman from Springfield, under the auspices 
of the Young Men's Christian Association, to labor among the 
churches of Hampden County which had no pastors. His first 
service was at North Blanford, Mass., where the people were 
so much attracted to him that he was induced to continue his 



90 THE CLASS OF I860, YALE COLLEGE 

work there for several months. Here he awakened a new interest 
among those who, before his coming, had been discouraged and 
divided, and they were anxious to settle him, even then, as their 
pastor. 

In the following autumn, he entered the Theological Seminary 
in Hartford, Conn. On May 9, 1871, he was licensed to preach by 
the Association at Springfield, and in November following, soon 
after entering upon his last year at the Seminary, he received 



a call to the First Church in West Springfield, Mass., which, 
after much deliberation, he accepted. On the 19th of June, 
1872, he was ordained to the work of the ministry. After a 
pastorate of only four months, he was prostrated by typhoid 
fever, and died at his home in Springfield, Friday evening, 
October 25, at ten o'clock. 

In college Chapin was universally respected and beloved. His 
genial good nature made him a welcome companion and endeared 
him to all. There was no insincerity and no selfishness in his 
nature. Though he was generous in his judgment of others and 
saw something good in every one, few could warn a companion 
of danger or administer a rebuke so eflFectively as he. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 9 1 

From boyhood he had a strong desire to preach the gospel, 
and when the time came for him to engage in the work to which 
he had so long looked forward, he did it with great earnestness 
and an entire consecration of everything to Christ. He seemed 
to have but one thought, and that was to be a faithful minister 
of the gospel whose influence would lead men to the Saviour. 
Yet he undertook his work with very great self-distrust. A sense 
of the high responsibilities of the office of a Christian minister, 
of his own unfitness for the work, and of his unworthiness to 
stand as the ambassador for Christ, seemed at times almost to 
overpower him. Joined with this, however, was a simple faith 
in God. And thus, notwithstanding his natural distrust of his 
own abilities, he undertook with confidence the duties of a very 
difficult position in a church nearly two centuries old, which had 
enjoyed the ministrations of many eminent men. 

As a preacher, he was peculiarly acceptable. He sought to 
set forth the truth in a plain, earnest way, and his sermons are 
characterized by those who heard them as having been "filled 
with the spirit of Christ." As a pastor, his influence was very 
great. He seemed fitted by nature for the pastoral office. His 
heart was full of love and sympathy, and he could not help 
manifesting the most tender interest in the welfare of his people. 
His simple invitation to them on the first Sabbath after his 
settlement was as sincere as any words ever spoken: "If any 
of you are ill, summon me ; if any are dying, let me know it ere 
the feet touch the silent waters; if any are burdened with guilt 
and there arises in the heart a longing to know of Jesus, you 
will always be welcomed. I shall ever be anxious to know of 
your cares and sorrows, that I may speak words of comfort in 
season. Come then to me, for I desire to be a friend to the 
young and a helper to all." 

During the first two months of his pastorate, he visited every 
resident member of the church, and nearly every family in the 
parish, and he soon became devotedly attached to his flock, and 
ardently beloved by all. His genial ways, his consistent life, 
and his earnestness in the pulpit, produced a growing and deep- 
ening interest in religious things. When just entering upon a 
life giving such promise of usefulness, he was suddenly called 
to a higher service. 



THE CLASS OF lOOO, YALE COLLEGE 



♦Timothy Pitkin Chapman 

Second son of Timothy Pitkin and Rachel Thompson (Hartwell) Chap- 
man, and brother o{ Dr. S, Harlwell Chapman (Yale College 1866) and 
John H. Chapman (Ph,B. Yale 1876). His mother was a descendant of 
Roger Sherman. 

Timothy P. Chapman was born in Bridgeport, Conn., June 24, 
1848, and was prepared for college at Anthon's Grammar School 
in New York City. At the age of sixteen he entered the Fresh- 
man Class in Yale College. He was a member of the Junior 
Promenade Committee, ranked in scholarship among the High 
Orations, and was one of the speakers at Junior Exhibition and 
at Commencement. 

Immediately after graduation he entered Columbia College 
Law School, where he received the degree of LL.B, in 1870, 
and became a member of the New York Bar. While attending 
the Law School he also studied in the office of Seward, Griswold, 
Blatchford & DaCosta, a distinguished law firm in the city of 
New York. Before entering upon the active practice of his 
profession he went to Europe, where he spent fifteen months in 
travel and study, and on his return to this country, in the autumn 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 93 

of 1871, he again connected himself with the law office above 
named and in the spring of 1874 he became junior member of 
the firm. 

On November 25, 1873, he was married to Leila Tisdale of 
Brooklyn, and lived in that city until his death, which occurred 
September 13, 1875. His wife survived him with one child, 
Leila Hartwell Chapman, born March 4, 1875. 



*Elihu Leach Clark 

Son of Honorable Elihu Leach and Isabella T. (Beane) Clark. His 
father was a native of Walworth, Wayne County, N. Y., who removed 
early in life to Adrian, Lenawee County, Mich., where he became a lead- 
infir citizen. 

Elihu L. Clark was born in Adrian, April 25, 1846, and was 
prepared for college at Williston Seminary. He entered Yale 
in September, 1863, ^"^ remained with the Class of '67 till the 
end of Junior year. At the beginning of the following winter 
term he joined '68. 

For some years after graduation he was engaged in private 
banking and real estate with his father at Adrian. His residence 
was in Detroit and his office at Adrian, where his business was 
carried on. After 1881 he spent much time in foreign travel, 
visiting Switzerland, Germany, Holland, Belgium, France, Eng- 
land, Scotland, and Italy. When in America his residence was 
generally in Cambridge, Mass. In a letter to the Secretary after 
the reunion in 1903, he wrote: 

*'I should have enjoyed seeing my beloved friends and classmates once 
more, yet have been denied this happiness. By care and forethought I 
have kept in comfortable health, but have not been able to do what a 
good and loyal son of Yale is naturally prompted to do for his Alma 
Mater and for his fellow men. Living in the neighborhood of Boston 
for the reason that it has been more congenial to my tastes and health, 
I have been no less loyal to our beloved Alma Mater, whose name and 
precepts produce inspiration and a benediction wherever one goes." 

He attended the Yale Commencement in 1906. While in New 
Haven he was taken suddenly ill, and died at the Hotel Daven- 
port, June 28, at the age of sixty years. 



94 THE CLASS OF t868, YALE COLLEGE 

He was married at New Rochelle, N. Y,, October 13, 1874, to 
Margaret M., daughter of Morris Miller and Elizabeth S. 
(Stratford) Davidson, and had one daughter, Lucretia Davidson, 
born at Adrian September 20, 1875. 



John Coats 

Son of Ansel and Eunice (Randall) Coats, His ancestors on both his 
father's and his mother's side were among the earliest settlers of the town 
of Stonington, Conn., coming from Rhode Island. Through the Grey and 
Peabody families, he traces his ancestry back 10 John and Priscilla Alden. 
Colonel Randall, his grandfather, commanded the Thirteenth Connecticut 
Regiment at the time of the attack on Stonington in 1813, and his father. 
Ansel Coats, was a Captain in the same regiment. 

Colonel William Randall was born March 25. 1763, and died June 14. 

1841. He was six times elected a Representative to the Connecticut Gen- 
eral Assembly, and was State Senator in 1822; was a member of the 
State Convention which framed the present Constitution of Connecticut 
in 1818, and was an Associate Judge of the County Cotirt from 1818 to 
1833- 

John Coats was bom in North Stonington, Conn., May 9, 

1842, and was prepared for college at the Connecticut Literary 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 95 

Institution, Suffield, where he was a classmate of John Lewis and 
Oscar Harger. Before coming to college he served in the army 
one year, in the Twenty-second Connecticut Volunteers. 

He was one of the prominent speakers in college. He won 
prizes in Composition, Declamation, and Debate; represented 
Linonia as orator in the Statement of Facts; and was Vice- 
President of Linonia in the second term of Senior year. 

After graduation he taught in the Connecticut Literary 
Institution one year, then studied law in Hartford and in the 
Columbia College Law School, receiving the degree of LL.B. 
from Columbia in 1871. 

In October, 1871, he began the practice of law in Chicago, 
but, on account of the great fire in that city, he returned to 
Connecticut in 1872 and again became instructor in the Institu- 
tion at Suffield. In April, 1877, he was appointed Principal of the 
High School at Windsor Locks, Conn., but a few years later 
he took up again the practice of law. In 1884 he represented 
Windsor Locks in the Connecticut Legislature, and was a mem- 
ber of the Committee on Judiciary. About the beginning of the 
year 1887 he opened a law office in New Britain, where he has 
since been located. In 1894 he was elected Judge of the Probate 
Court for the District of Berlin, Conn., which office he held 
eight years; also Associate Judge of the City Court of New 
Britain. In 1901 he was appointed Judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas for Hartford County. Upon his retirement by 
the age limit in 1912, he was appointed a State Referee, which 
office he now holds. 

He was married to Josephine L. Walker, June 22, 1871, in 
Hartford. They have no children. Mrs. Coats traces her 
ancestry back to early times in Rhode Island, the family being 
remarkable for the large number in different generations who 
have been engaged in the Christian ministry. 



*James Coffin 

Son of Edmund and Sarah Harrison (Lamdin) Coffin, and brother of 
Edmund Coffin (Yale College 1866). 

James Coffin was bom in New York City, October 13, 1847, ^"d 
was prepared for college by Edward B. Coe, afterward Street 



96 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Professor of Modem Languages at Yale. He came to college 
from Irvington. N. Y., to which place his father had removed a 
few years previous. 

In scholarship he ranked among the best twelve, won prizes 
in English Composition and Debate, and was one of the speakers 
at Junior Exhibition. He was also one of the most prominent 
athletes in college in his time, and was one of the pioneers in 
modem baseball. He rowed on the Varuna shell crew in Soph- 



omore year. At the beginning of Junior year he was pitcher on 
the Yale nine, and Captain, but developing into a superior oars- 
man, he resigned his position \)n the Nine and was given a place 
on the University Crew and rowed in the race with Harvard on 
Lake Quinsigamond at Worcester in July, 1867. 

Soon after graduation he entered the banking house of Drexel, 
Mor^n & Company (now J. P. Morgan Company), and was 
afterwards for a short lime in Providence, R. L, and in Omaha, 
Nebr. In 1875 he went to San Francisco and engaged in banking, 
at first with a savings bank and afterwards in the Nevada Bank. 
In 1879 he removed to Portland, Oregon, and remained there 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 97 

about six years, when he returned to San Francisco. He dealt 
in Stocks and bonds. 

Coffin was one of the early pioneers in the manufacture of 
beet sug^r on the Pacific Coast, and one of the organizers of 
the Alameda Sugar Company and later of the Union Sugar 
Company. He put into the business all of his energies and 
splendid abilities, and it succeeded even beyond his expectations. 
The new factory of the Alameda Sugar Company is one of the 
largest and most perfect on the Coast. 

Coffin was a man of great strength of character, a man of 
courage, and intense earnestness, and of strong convictions. No 
one ever had a doubt as to where he stood on any question of 
right and wrong. In all his business transactions he was known 
as a man who represented things just as they were. 

December 5, 1878, he was married, in Trinity Church, San 
Francisco, to Sarah Lucia Allen, daughter of Lucius Hamilton 
Allen (West Point 1842) and of Sarah deWitt Allen, and sister 
of John deWitt Hamilton Allen (Yale College 1876). They 
had three daughters : 

Marion, born March 22, 1882, at Portland, married September 
26, 1903, to John Shepard Eells (Yale College 1901) ; Natalie, 
bom December 20, 1885, in Ross Valley, Marin Co., Cal., 
married August 24, 1912, to A. Crawford Greene (Yale College 
1906) ; Sarah deWitt, born August 31, 1888, in Ross Valley. 

James Coffin died of pneumonia at his residence, Ross, Marin 
Co., Cal., on December 28, 1906. 



LeBaron Bradford Colt 

Son of Christopher and Theodora G. (DeWolf) Colt, and brother of 
Colonel Samuel Pomeroy Colt, Attorney General of Rhode Island, 1882-85. 
His father, Christopher Colt, was son of Christopher and a descendant 
in the sixth generation of John Colt, one of the early settlers of Windsor, 
Conn. His mother was daughter of General George DeWolf and a 
descendant of Charles DeWolf, the ancestor of the Rhode Island DeWolfs. 

LeBaron B. Colt was bom in Dedham, Mass., June 25, 1846, 
studied under Alonzo Lewis of New Hartford and Rev. F. W. 
Osbom of Hartford, and finished his preparation for college at 
Williston Seminary. 

7 



90 THE CLASS OF IBOS, YALE COLLEGE 

Immediately after graduation from Yale he entered Columbia 
College Law School, where he received the degree of LL.B. in 
May, 1870, The following year was spent in traveling in Europe. 

In 1871 he began practicing in Chicago, in company with L, L. 
Paimer (Yale College 1867), under the firm name of Palmer & 
Colt. The great Chicago fire destroyed the office of the firm and 
the house in which Colt lived, and he decided to return East. In 
1876 he located in Rhode Island, living in Bristol and practicing 



in Providence. He was associated with Francis CoUvell, later City 
Solicitor of Providence, under the firm name of Colwell & Colt, 
and continned in practice till he was placed on the bench. 

In 1879 he was elected by the town of Bristol to the General 
Assembly of Rhode Island and served two terms. In March. 
1881, during his second term in the Assembly, he was appointed 
by President Garfield United States District Judge for Rhode 
Island; and on July 6, 1884, he was appointed by President 
Arthur United States Circuit Judge for the First Judicial District, 
including Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Rhode 
Island. In 1891 a Circuit Court of Appeals was formed to 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES— GRADUATES 99 

relieve the work of the United States Supreme Court, and Judge 
Colt was selected as Presiding Justice. 

He received the honorary degree of M.A. from Brown in 1882, 
and the honorary degree of LL.D. from Columbia in 1904, and 
from Yale in 1905. He was elected United States Senator from 
the State of Rhode Island, January 21, 1913, for the term of 
six years, beginning March 4, 1913. 

He has been a loyal citizen of Bristol. In 1880 he delivered 
the address at the Bicentennial Celebration of the town, and in 
1883 the address at the Laying of the Comer Stone of the 
Bumside Memorial Building in that place. 

On the Sunday following his election as United States Senator, 
the Providence Tribune said : 

"Much of the fame and reputation achieved by Judge Colt rests upon 
his decisions in patent cases, among them being the Bell telephone suits. 
The most notable concerned the Berliner long distance telephone patent 
owned by Bell. Judge Colt wrote the opinion for the Court of Appeals, 
holding that Berliner was not the inventor of the long distance telephone. 
An important place in the law reports is occupied by other cases which 
Judge Colt decided or in which he wrote the opinion of the Court. He 
sat on the Edison-Baker cases, and heard much of the litigation over the 
shoe machinery cases, sewing machine cases, admiralty cases (embracing all 
matters and crimes on the high seas), custom house cases, copyright and 
trade-mark cases, in all of which he showed a remarkably comprehensive 
knowledge of the business involved. 

"Judge Colt's tastes are literary and scholarly as well, and with all his 
duties on the bench, he has managed to find ample time for study, his 
library containing over five thousand volumes. His ever-constant interest 
in national political questions has been shown by his addresses, a volume 
of which he has published. One of these had for its subject Chief Jus- 
tice John Marshall, delivered at the celebration by Brown University 
and the Rhode Island Bar Association in 1901. In the following year, at 
Concord, N. H., Judge Colt spoke on The Protection of the President 
of the United States,' following the assassination of President McKinley. 
Other addresses by Judge Colt are: *Law and Reasonableness,* before 
the annual meeting of the American Bar Association in 1903; 'Contribu- 
tions of Rhode Island to the American Union,' the principal address at 
the Louisiana Purchase Exposition on Rhode Island Day, October 5, 1904; 
and 'America's Solution of the Problem of Government,' at Fanueil 
Hall in 1904. 

"As a lawyer, as a Rhode Island legislator, as a Justice of the United 
States District and Circuit Courts, and as the Presiding Justice of one 
of the United States Courts of Appeals, Judge Colt has been constantly 
and invariably the true representative of the best American ideals, the 



lOO THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

faithful exponent of American principles, and the stanch upholder of the 
American constitution and American laws." 

December 17, 1873, he was married to Mary Louise Ledyard, 
daug^hter of Guy Ledyard of Chicago and descendant of the 
Ledyards of Newburgh and New London. They have had six 
children: Theodora Ledyard, born January 27, 1875; LeBaron 
Carlton, bom February 26, 1877 ; Guy Pomeroy, bom December 
4, 1878, died November 17, 1885; Mary Louise, born July 25, 
1880; Elizabeth Linda, bom October 29, 1887; Beatrice, bom 
June I, 1891 ; the first at Chicago, the others at Bristol. 

Theodora Ledyard was married January 17, 1900, to Edwin 
Armington Barrows of Providence, R. L They have three 
children : Theodora Barrows, born January 8, 1901 ; Edwin 
Armington Barrows, Jr., bom February 11, 1903; Barbara 
Barrows, bom August 6, 1909. 

LeBaron Carlton was graduated as Bachelor of Arts from 
Brown University in 1899. On June 10, 1903, he was married to 
Edith Converse, daughter of the late Admiral George Converse of 
the United States Navy. They have three children: LeBaron 
Carlton Colt, Jr., born March 10, 1904; Joujou Edith Converse 
Colt, bom October 3, 1907; George Albert Converse Colt, bom 
October 19, 1908. Mr. Colt is Manager of the National India 
Rubber Company and resides at Bristol. 

Mary Louise was married January 17, 1907, to Harold Judson 
Gross of Providence, R. I. 

Elizabeth Linda was married January 17, 1912, to Andrew 
Weeks Anthony of Boston. They have one boy: Silas Reed 
Anthony, 2d, bom October 30, 19 12. 



*Horace Stephens Cooper 

Eldest son of Edmund and Mary E. (Stephens) Cooper. Edmund 
Cooper was Private Secretary of President Andrew Johnson and 
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury under his administration, and was 
brother of William F. Cooper (Yale College 1838), Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court of Tennessee from 1878 to 1886, and of Hon. Henry 
Cooper, United States Senator from Tennessee from 1871 to 1877. 

Horace S. Cooper was bom in Bedford County, Tenn., April 
25, 1846, and entered collegfe from Shelbyville, Tenn., having been 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES-V^?J^)UA7BS - IM 

prepared at the Collegiate Institute, Yonkers, N. Y. He was 
especially interested in debating and was President of Linonia in 
the first term of Senior year. 

In the fall of 1868 he began the study of law in Shelbyville, 
where he was admitted to the Bar in 1870. After practicing 
several years in Shelbyville, he removed to Columbia, Tenn., and 
devoted his attention chiefly to the management of his farm. 
From 1879 to 1883 he was Oerk of the Chancery Court for Maury 
County. 



In 1889 he removed to Nashville to engage in newspaper busi- 
ness, being connected till 1891 with the Nashville Evening Herald, 
and after that time with the Nashville Daily American, the leading 
Democratic daily of the state, of which he was Managing Editor 
till 1899, when he returned to Shelbyville and resumed the practice 
of law. 

He was married January 13, 1881, at Spring Hill, Maury Co., 
Tenn., to Ella Polk, daughter of Lucius J. Polk, and grand- 
daughter of Col. William Polk, who served through the Revolu- 
tionary War. Miss Ella Polk was a relative of President Polk, 
and niece of Leonidas Polk, bishop of the diocese of Louisiana, 






• • • • • • , , 

.Voi ;•••>;•..; 'iiijfifLA^-OF 1868, yale college 

who was Major General in the Confederate Army in the Civil 
War, and was killed at Pine Mountain, Ga., June 14, 1864. Mr. 
and Mrs. Cooper had one child, Horace Polk, bom January 2, 
1887, near Columbia, who graduated from Harvard Colleg^e in 
19 10, and is now deputy consul at Bordeaux. 

Cooper died of heart failure at Shelbyville, February 10, 1907, 
and was buried in Willow Mount Cemetery. 

A member of the Shelbyville Bar said of him : 

"He had an even disposition; his politeness and pleasant manner to 
everybody impressed me; he was free from rashness of speech and 
always serene as the sunshine; he had a wonderful power of self-control 
and bridled his temper and his tongue. When asked on one occasion, as 
we were traveling on the train together to attend the Supreme Court at 
Nashville, how he managed to preserve such a uniform temper, he replied : 
'Life is too short to give way to temper and say unkind things/ He 
was a sound lawyer, with a high regard for the truth, cautious in stating 
the facts in a case, and not given to exaggerating them in favor of his 
client." 

The Shelbyville Gazette said : 

"As a lawyer he was not an orator, but he was blessed with a legal 
mind, and as a legal adviser and in legal council his powers shone with 
splendor. He was a man well-versed in the ancient and modern classics, 
and was conversant with current events. As a man he was greatly 
beloved because of his purity of character and sterling integrity. A 
falsehood, a vulgarity, or an oath was never heard to escape his lips, 
and he was never known to speak evil of any one." 



♦George Hubert Co well 

Son of Nelson and Jeannette (Bronson) Cowell. Nelson Cowell was 
descended from John Baldwin, who was killed by the British in the 
invasion of New Haven in 1779. On the maternal side, Cowell was 
descended from Samuel Hotchkiss, who was in New Haven as early as 
1641. Captain Gideon Hotchkiss, his ancestor in the fourth generation, 
was the first of the family to locate in Waterbury. 

George H. Cowell was born in Waterbury, Conn., March 
25, 1840, and was prepared for college at Wesleyan Academy, 
Wilbraham, Mass. 

He entered the Senior Class at Columbia College Law School, 
was graduated in 1869, and beg^n the practice of law in Water- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 103 

bury. When he had been out of the law school only oae year 
he was a candidate for the office of Probate Judge of Waterbury 
District, but was defeated. He was Assistant Clerk of the Con- 
necticut House of Representatives in 1871, Clerk of the same 
in 1872, and Oerk of the Connecticut Senate in 1873. In 1872 
and 1873 he was Deputy Judge of the Waterbury City Court. In 
the early part of 1874 he spent several months in Florida in 
order to improve his health, which had failed by reason of over- 



work, and while there he wrote a series of letters on "The 
Condition of the South," which were published in the Waterbury 
American. 

In 1875-76 he was Chief Qerk in the Post Office Department 
at Washington, and in 1876 was admitted to the practice of law 
in the Supreme Court of the United States. He was made Judge 
of the Waterbury City Court in July, 1877, which position he 
held four years. From July i, 1881, to July i, 1883, he was 
Judge of the Waterbury District Court, and from January i, 
1884, to January i, 1888, Alderman and Chainnan of the Law 
Committee of the city government. July i, 1887, he was made 
Deputy Judge of the District Court and served for six years. 



I04 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

Cowell was a member of the Connecticut House of Repre- 
sentatives, sessions of 1895 and 1897. In the session of 1895 he 
was Chairman of the Judiciary Committee and Republican leader 
of the House. He was elected Judge of the City Court in 1895 
for two years, and in 1897 he was again elected Judge of the 
Waterbury District Court, a position which he held till he 
reached the retiring age. In addition he was Clerk of the City 
Board of Health, Acting School Visitor, Assistant Town Clerk, 
Registrar of Voters, and an officer in the Second Regiment of 
Infantry. In 1889 he secured a charter for the West Side 
Savings Bank, and was for many years its President. 

Cowell had the fraternity, spirit also. He joined Nosahogan 
Lodge, I. O. O. F., in 1870, and in two years passed through 
all its chairs. He was also a member of Continental Lodge, 
F. A. M., Eureka Chapter, R. A. M., and Speedwell Lodge, K. P., 
was a charter member and first regent of Mattatuck Council, 
Royal Arcanum, chairman of committee on laws in the Grand 
Council, and was the first representative to the Supreme Council 
from this state. He was also a charter member and first sachem 
of Tunxis Tribe, I. O. R. M., and chairman of committee on 
laws in the Great Council. He was largely instrumental in 
originating Patucko Assembly, Royal Society of Good Fellows, 
was its first ruler, a member of the Supreme Assembly and on 
the committee on laws. 

In 1 89 1 he was Grand Master of Odd Fellows, and was largely 
instrumental in establishing the Odd Fellows' Home at Fairview 
(Groton), on the banks of the Thames River, nearly opposite 
New London. 

In addition to all the cares mentioned above, he was largely 
interested in Waterbury real estate, having erected over fifty 
houses in the city. In 1898 he purchased Maplehurst in Worth- 
ington, Mass., a farm of nearly eight hundred acres, the home- 
stead of Colonel Nahum Eager of Revolutionary fame, which 
had been in possession of the Eager family from 1763 till he 
secured it for his summer vacations and the home of his old age, 
when, as he wrote, there would be 

"No weary lawyers with endless tongues, 

No doubtful balance of Rights and Wrongs, 
But health and quiet and loving words 
And low of cattle and song of birds." 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES I05 

On March 25, 1910, he retired from the bench of the District 
Court of Waterbury, having reached the age of seventy. A 
banquet was given in his honor at the Elton on April 4, by 
members of the Waterbury Bar. 

He died at his home in Waterbury on August 10, 1910. The 
following is from the Waterbury Republican of August 13, 1910: 

"With the flag he loved half-masted, with the offices of the city and of 
local courts closed, and business largely suspended during the hours of 
the funeral, Waterbury paid high tribute to the memory of one of its old- 
est and best beloved citizens, Judge George Hubert Cowell. The simplicity 
that was the keynote of his long life was the distinguishing feature of 
his funeral; yet the absence of pomp and gorgeous ritual made the uni- 
versality of the tribute paid more impressive. The crowded church con- 
tained but few of the thousands who during the services rested for a 
moment in factories, in places of business and in hundreds of homes, pay- 
ing silent but no less sincere honor to the memory of one who had been 
the friend, counselor and benefactor of few know how many in the city 
where he had lived his life." 

Rev. Dr. J. G. Davenport said in his funeral discourse : 

"There was a certain largeness in his nature that we all respected and 
admired. His imposing physical proportions suggested largeness of brain 
and largeness of heart. Intellectually he was broad, 'full of wise saws and 
modem instances,' possessed of a wealth of information and anecdote, 
quick to discern the central truth, and able generously to illustrate its 
bearing; a man who drew his generalizations from abundant facts, and 
who, having arrived at satisfactory conclusions, held to them with strong, 
although never offensive tenacity. He was always able to give a reason 
for the faith he cherished and the hope that was in him." 

He was married November 11, 1878, to Alice Sewell Barton, 
at Washington, D. C, and had three children : Olga, bom Sep- 
tember 28, 1883, died in October of the same year; Hubert 
Barton, born December 9, 1889, died August 3, 1892; Jeanette 
Elizabeth, bom January 3, 1892. 



Frank Cramer 

Son of Eliphalet and Electa (Fay) Cramer, and brother of Edward 
Cramer (Yale College 1871). His father was born in 1813 in Waterford, 
Saratoga County, N. Y., and died in 1872. He was son of John Cramer, 
Member of Congress from the State of New York. Electa Fay, his 
mother, was born near Utica, N. Y., in 1818, and died in 1910, in her 



I06 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

ninety-second year. She was daughter of Dr. Jonas Fay, at one time 
Surgeon in the United Slates Navy. 

Frank Cramer was born in Milwaukee, Wise, August 7, 1847, 
and was prepared for college at General Russell's Collegiate and 
Commercial Institute in New Haven. 

After graduating, he spent one year in Europe and then 
returned to Milwaukee and was with F. H. McClure & Company, 
bankers, for several years. In 1882 he removed to Chicago, and, 
in company with a younger brother, Eliphalet W. Cramer, con- 



ducted a banking and brokerage business under the name of 
Cramer & Company. His brother retired from the firm in 
1887, and he continued the business under the same firm name 
for a time, but has not been in active business for some yeai^. 
His home is in Chicago, but he spends considerable time in 
foreign travel. 

In May, 1913, Cramer wrote to the Secretary: "With the 
exception of my mother's death three years ago, there have been 
few important changes in my life since last report. I am still 
unmarried, I have many devoted friends, good health, and much 
to he thankful for." 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 



Silas Augustus Davenport 

Son of Silas and Betsy Ann (St. John) Davenport. His mother was 
the daughter of Matthias St. John of New Canaan. Conn. 

Silas A. Davenport was bom June 27, 1846, in Brooklyn, N. Y. 
His parents removed to Elizabeth, N. J., in 1854, and he studied 
in preparation for college under Mr. John Young of that city. 
In 1861 he entered the employ of John M. Davies & Company 
of New York City, with whom he remained two years, after 
which he completed his preparation for Yale under Rev. J. F. 
Pingry, D.D., of Elizabeth. 

In college he was awarded prizes in Sophomore and Senior 
Composition, was one of the speakers at Junior Exhibition and 
Commencement, was President of Brothers, won first prize 
in Debate in Sophomore, Junior and Senior years, and was 
graduated with a Philosophical standing. 

He studied theology at Princeton two years, from 1868 to 
1870, and at Union Seminary one year, graduating at the latter 
place in 1871, He also completed a medical course at the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, and received 



lo8 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

the degree of M.D. in 1873. He was ordained to preach by the 
Presbytery of Elizabeth, N. J., and went out, by appointment of 
the Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions, to labor as a 
medical missionary at Ningpo, China, leaving home December 3, 
1873. I^ the summer of 1874, he was suddenly called home by 
sickness and death in his father's family. 

January i, 1875, he received a call to the Presbyterian Church 
in Port Carbon, Pa., and preached there till July, 1877. He was 
pastor in Landisburg, Perry Co., Pa., from January, 1878, till 
April, 1880, when he was called to the pastorate of Middle 
Tuscarora Presbyterian Church, Beale, Pa. These country 
charges were full of labor of a pastoral character, requiring 
very much time for the traveling necessary in order to do all 
the work. In 1883 he was called to the Aisquith Street Pres- 
byterian Church at Baltimore, Md., and began his labors there 
October i. 

By his physician's advice, he resigned his pastorate and left 
Baltimore toward the close of the year 1888, and went with his 
family to Sorrento, San Diego County, Cal., where he lived 
upon a small ranch, trying to get rest by out-of-door employ- 
ment. He became a farmer of the Cincinnatus type, holding the 
plow, and wielding the spade and the hoe, ready to be called 
from his farm to serve the public in whatever way he might be 
useful. 

In February, 1890, he returned to the East, restored in body 
and in mind, and immediately received a call to his old charge 
in Juniata Co., Pa., Middle Tuscarora Presbyterian Church in 
union with Lower Tuscarora Presbyterian Church. He resigned 
his pastorate at Tuscarora in October, 1898, and in 1901 pur- 
chased a productive farm at Spruce Hill, Pa., where his main 
occupation was the cultivation of the soil and the handling of 
the stock. He continued to reside on this farm till November 
20, 191 1. Since that date he has lived with his son, Oliver 
Sidney, at McMechen, West Virginia. He has recently pur- 
chased a small piece of ground in Washington Co., Alabama, 
and expects to spend his winters there later. 

He has published various newspaper articles in the Port Royal 
Times, the Philadelphia Presbyterian and the Baltimore Prcsby- 
terian Observer, A paper on "Presbyterian Church Extension 
in Cities" was read before the Presbyterian Association of 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES I09 

Baltimore, and was printed in the Transactions of the Association 
for the year ending December 31, 1886. He was President of 
the Harvest Home Association for two years, Moderator of the 
Presbytery of Baltimore one term, and also of the Presbytery 
of Huntingdon. 

August 28, 1878, he was married to Martha Ellen M^teer, 
daughter of Samuel and Mary Isabel Mateer of St. Clair, 
Schuylkill Co., Pa., and has had five children: Mary Isabel, 
bom July i, 1879, at Landisburg; Jesse St. John, born February 
17, 1881, at Bealtown; Oliver Sidney, bom February 20, 1884; 
Ellen Augusta, born January 21, 1886; Walter W., born March 
28, 1888; the last three in Baltimore. His wife died January 13, 
1892, after two weeks' illness from la grippe, complicated with 
pneumonia. 

Mary Isabel was graduated from Wilson College, Chambers- 
burg, Pa., in June, 1898, and was married February 13, 1909, 
to Samuel Harries Daddow of St. Clair, Schuylkill County, Pa. 
She died at her home in Reading, Pa., January i, 1910, at the 
age of thirty years and six months. 

Jesse St. John is a Sergeant hi the Hospital Corps of the 
United States Army. He has been in the Army for about four- 
teen years, in the Infantry, and later in the Hospital Corps. He 
was in the Philippines till October 14, 1913, when he returned 
to this part of the United States and is now on duty at Fort 
Bayard, New Mexico. Fort Bayard is a Government Tuber- 
culosis Sanitarium for officers and enlisted men of the United 
States Army. Jesse is in the laboratory as a microscopic assist- 
ant to the surgeons. In Manila he made a study of typhoid and 
Asiatic cholera germs, as well as of tuberculosis. 

Oliver Sidney resides in McMechen, West Virginia, and is 
conductor on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad between Wheeling 
and Grafton. 

Ellen Augusta is in the Lucy Webb Training School for 
Deaconesses, Washington, D. C, preparing for work in the West 
Virginia Methodist Episcopal Conference. 

Walter W. at present is in Des Lacs, North Dakota, employed 
in mining and agricultural work. His varied training in coal 
mining, locomotive repair work, and agriculture has fitted him 
for some line of usefulness when he shall have decided for 
himself on his future occupation. 



THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 



*John Kinne Hyde DeForest 

Son of Rev. William A. Hyde (Amherst College 1829) and of Martha 
(Sackett) Hyde, and brother of Joel W. Hyde (M.D, Yale 1861). His 
father was a descendant in the fifth generation of John Hyde of Norwich, 
Conn., who was bom in 1667 and died In 1727. This John was the father 
of John, born 1698, whose son Asa, born 1741. was the father of Joel, 
born 1764, who was the father of Rev. William A. Hyde, born 1805. 

John H, DeForest was bom June 25. 1844, in Westbrook, Conn., 
where his father was then pastor of the Congregational Church, 
and was prepared for college at Phillips Academy, Andover. In 
1862-63 tic served in the army, with the Twenty-eighth Con- 
necticut \''olunteers, in Florida. He was a member of '67 about 
two months, and joined '68 in Januar>'. 1865. He entered Yale 
as John Kinne Hyde. Receiving the DeForest Scholarship, he 
added DeForest to his name, as was then required of the recipi- 
ents of this scholarship who were not members of the DeForest 
family. He graduated with Phi Beta Kappa rank in scholarship, 
and was one of the speakers at Junior Exhibition. He gave con- 
siderable attention to boating, and rowed in the Varuna shell and 
on his class crew in Senior year. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES Hi 

He was graduated at the Yale Theological Seminary in 1871, 
and was ordained and installed pastor of the Congregational 
Church at Mount Carmel, Conn., May 24 of the same year. June 
5, 1871, he was married in New Haven to Miss S. C. Conklin, who 
died March 15, 1872, after a painful illness. DeForest remained 
at Mount Carmel for more than three years, and developed a first- 
class working church. In July, 1874, he resigned to enter the 
service of the American Board in Japan, much to the regret of his 
people, by whom he was greatly beloved. 

September 23, 1874, he was again married, to Sarah Elizabeth 
Starr, at Guilford, Conn., and sailed with his wife from San 
Francisco to join the Japan mission, October 31 of the same year, 
only five years after the establishment of the mission. In com- 
pany with him were Dr. A. H. Adams (Yale College 1867) and 
Rev. Joseph Neesima, a native of Japan. After learning the 
Japanese language, he engaged in evangelistic work in Osaka and 
was identified with the early history of four of the Congrega- 
tional churches in that city. While on duty there, he visited most 
of the important cities in central Japan, addressing large audiences 
in the theatres (the only public halls). In 1882 his health failed, 
and he came home for rest and treatment, returning somewhat 
improved in 1884. In 1886 he removed to Sendai, to assist in 
establishing a school with the plan of making it into a Christian 
college like the New England colleges. This school was the first 
in the Empire to be established by prominent Japanese for the 
express purpose of putting it under Christian influences. It had 
the support of many wealthy and influential men, and was well 
patronized, but after an existence of five years it was discontinued. 
DeForest remained till his death at Sendai, the commercial and 
educational center of the northern half of the Empire. During 
this period of twenty-five years he was engaged in mission work, 
but devoted much of his time to writing for the press, for when 
he began his work in Japan there was no Christian literature in 
the Japanese language. 

When he went to Japan in 1874 he found the feeling anti- 
foreign and anti-Christian, but by his wisdom and tact, and his 
kind and sympathetic interest in the Japanese people, he won his 
way to the heart of the nation. He studied the Japanese language 
and literature, its history, its moral and social standards. He 
became a fluent and eloquent speaker in the Japanese language, 



112 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

and as he always had something to say that was worth hearing, he 
was much in demand for pubHc lectures and addresses. He trav- 
eled extensively and spoke to the people wherever he found them, 
and came to be known and respected throughout the Empire. 
During the later years of his life he gave much of his time and 
strength to an interpretation of Japan to the West. He was so 
loyal to Japan, and so thoroughly identified himself with the 
interests of its people, that they came to regard him as a Japanese 
rather than an American. 

During his thirty-seven years in Japan, he visited America five 
times. These furloughs were largely occupied by public addresses, 
devoted mainly to an interpretation of Japan to America. In 
1907 he came by way of China and Europe. During his stay in 
the States (that is, between May 27, 1907, and September 22, 
1908) he delivered more than one hundred addresses on various 
subjects of world-wide interest, denounced the false rumors about 
the warlike intentions of Japan, and did much by his speeches and 
writings to enlighten the American people as to Japan's real policy 
and spirit. His open letter to Captain Hobson was circulated 
everywhere, and did much to counteract the anti-Japanese agita- 
tion. In May he spoke at the meeting of the American Peace 
Society in Boston, and was made one of the Vice-Presidents of 
the organization. While on this furlough and during the next 
few years there appeared from his pen the following articles of 
international interest : 

"Open Letter to Captain Hobson." "Conditions of Peace betweeen the 
East and the West." "Is Japan a Menace to the United States?" 
Published by the Peace Society. 

"American Ignorance of Oriental Languages." "Exterritoriality in 
China." Published by the Association for International Conciliation. 

"Moral Greatness of the Japanese People." "Moral Purpose of Japan 
in Corea." "The Japanese Government and Missionaries in Chosen." 
Published in the Independent. 

On his return to Sendai he was welcomed by a large public 
meeting of citizens. After this he was in greater demand than 
ever as a public lecturer. 

In 1909 he visited China and spent some weeks at Ruling, and 
at the request of a representative committee from the hundreds 
of missionaries gathered there he delivered an address on "The 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES II3 

Bearing of Historical Criticism on Missions." In 1905 he went 
to Manchuria, under the auspices of the Young Men's Christian 
Association, with letters from the Premier to the nine leading 
Japanese generals. He was treated as a guest of the Japanese 
army and shown every courtesy, and was the first foreigner 
allowed to enter the city of Mukden after its capture. While in 
Manchuria he addressed the soldiers often, and the following 
pamphlets were widely disseminated among them: 



"The American Spirit." "Religion and War." "Why America Sym- 
pathizes with Japan." 



In the fall of 1905 came the famine in the Northeast, and 
DeForest was appointed a member of the Famine Relief Com- 
mittee of the foreign residents there. Very much of the success 
of this Committee was due to his efforts. Ten members of '68 
made a generous contribution to this work, for which DeForest 
was exceedingly grateful. He received several silver cups from 
the government for famine work; and, doubtless in recognition 
of his services by voice and pen in dispelling anti-Japanese 
thoughts and feelings in America, although officially because of 
his labors for the famine sufferers and for the soldiers on the 
battle-fields of Manchuria, the Emperor in November, 1908, 
decorated him with the fourth grade of the Order of the Rising 
Sun. 

In October, 1910, he went with Mrs. DeForest to Chosen, where 
he spent a busy month under the auspices of the Y. M. C. A., 
traveling the length of the peninsula. He spoke in various places, 
and interviewed Japanese military officers, school principals, 
Americans, and a few Coreans, in order to get at the true state 
of affairs. Impressions of his stay in Chosen were published in 
the Independent and in the Missionary Herald. 

For nearly twenty-five years he published a yearly review of the 
principal events in Japan in one of the January numbers of the 
New York Independent, and contributed to this paper many other 
articles on timely and interesting subjects. He acted as special 
correspondent for this magazine during the Russo-Japanese War. 

His best known book in English is "Sunrise in the Sunrise 
Kingdom." The following were issued by him before his visit to 
America in 1907-08: 

8 



114 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Five books in the Japanese language : 

"Geography of the Bible." 

"Commentary on First Thessalonians." 

"Unique Character of Jesus. 

"The Greatest Fact in History — the Resurrection." 

"Addresses to Students." 



Pamphlet and magazine articles in the Japanese language : 

A set of tracts on the Ten Commandments under the following titles: 
"The Foundation of Religion." "The Evils of Worshiping Dried Wood." 
"The Sabbath." "The Great Learning of Parents and Children." 
"Revenge, Suicide, etc." "The Great Learning of Husband and Wife." 
"Medicine for Thieves." "Medicine for Liars." "Funeral of the Seven 
Gods of Luck." 

"Questions and Answers on Isaiah and Jeremiah." "How to Find One's 
Life Work." "A Temperance Sermon." "Translation of The Teaching 
of the Twelve Apostles.' " "Catholicism, Greek Religion and Protestant- 
ism." "Resurrrection of Christ and the Five Senses." "Morality and 
Religion." "The Influence of Pantheism." "The Influence of Belief in 
the Creator." "The Historic Development of Monotheism." "Inspira- 
tion." "Mixed Residence, or Unrestricted Admission of Foreigners to 
Japan." "The Signs of the Times." "The Greatest Learning." 



The following, printed in English : 

Eleven booklets published by the American Board : "A Province without 
a Missionary." "Four Days of Joy in Joshu." "History of a Little 
Church." "Welcome to a Returned Missionary." "Letters to Yale 
Seminary." "Acts of Minor Apostles." "A Jinrikisha Ride in Tokyo." 
"The Kingdom Coming in Japan." "Across the Aizu Valley," "A Basket 
of Chips" (Series i and 2). "One Piece of a Story." 

"Japanese Verbs of Saying." "Education in Japan." "The Political 
Situation in Japan and its Relation to Mission Work." (This article was 
translated into the Jiji newspaper of Tokyo, and republished by other 
newspapers.) "The Basis of Society." "The Machinery of Missions." 
"Annual Reviews of Events in Japan." "Pantheism as it exists in the 
East." "Japan's Codes." "Congregationalism in Japan." "On the Word, 
Heathen." "On the Word, Natives." "Supplementary Methods of Mis- 
sionary Work in Japan" (3 numbers). "Popular Aspects of Buddhism." 
"Ema" (Japanese votive pictures). "Why Nikko is Beautiful." "Union 
Work in Japan." "Confucian Ethics as seen from Japan." "Japanese 
Characteristics." "Moral Preparation for Christi^ity in Japan." "The 
Great Hokkaido." "Broad Culture demanded of Missionaries." "False 
Religions so called." "Brief History of the American Board Mission in 
Japan." 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES II 5 

DeForest was member and Vice-President of the American 
Peace Society, member of the Japan Peace Society, and of the 
American Peace Society of Japan, and of the National Red Cross 
Society of Japan ; also member of the military order of the Loyal 
Leg^ion of the United States and of the Sendai Educational Asso- 
ciation, of the Publishing and Evangelistic Committees of the 
A. B. C. F. M. in Japan, of the Board of Trustees of the Tokwa 
School, and in the early years member of the Osaka Municipal 
Council and Leading Hose on the Fire Brigade. 

In 1889 Yale University honored him with the degree of D.D. 

He has had five children: Sarah Lydia, born at Mino, Japan, 
July 9, 1877 ; Charlotte Burgis, bom February 23, 1879, at Osaka ; 
Elizabeth Lay, born April 29, 1881, at Osaka, died at Guilford, 
Conn., September 11, 1882; John Starr, bom at North Haven, 
November 26, 1882; Louise Hyde, born at Osaka, February 26, 
1885. 

Sarah L. was graduated from Smith in 1901, was married June 
I3> 190s* to William B. Pettus, Student Secretary of the Young 
Men's Christian Association in China, and has two sons, John 
DeForest, bom May i, 1909, and William Winston, bom February 
25, 1912. 

Charlotte B. was graduated from Smith in 1901, and is a teacher 
in Kobe Girls' College. She has written an interesting life of her 
father, entitled "The Evolution of a Missionary — ^John Hyde 
DeForest," published by the Revell Company. 

John S. was graduated as Bachelor of Science from Amherst 
in 1906, and is connected with the Weather Bureau in Washington, 
D. C. He was married, February 13, 1911, to Camille Estelle 
Pinder of Key West, Florida. 

Louise H. was graduated from Smith in 1907, and taught music 
two years in the Doshisha Girls' School, Kyoto, Japan. She was 
married, December 3, 1913, in Kobe, to Robert Kelsey Veryard, 
an English Y. M. C. A. Secretary in work for Chinese students 
in Tokyo. 

Deforest was taken ill December 21, 1910, with hardening of the 
arteries. He seemed to improve till April 14. Two weeks later 
he was taken to St. Luke's Hospital, Tokyo. His right arm and 
leg were soon paralyzed. Pneumonia set in and he died May 8. 
The funeral was in the largest church in Sendai, and was attended 
by the whole of the foreign community of Sendai and by all the 



Il6 THE CLASS OF 1868, VALE COLLEGE 

leading local Japanese officials and residents. Interment was in 
the Kitayama Cemetery, near Sendai. 



The Japanese inscription reads : 

FOURTH ORDER OF MERIT 

AMERICAN DOCTOR OF DIVINITY 

DE FOREST HIS GRAVE 

The Japan Evangelist of June, 1911, thus characterized Him: 

"In disposttton Dr. DeForest was wide awake and active. He read, 
observed, and thought much. His tine library was an indication of what 
he was and did. He made it a special point to keep in living touch with 
current events, — reUgious, educational, social, and political. He never 
allowed himself to get into ruts or grow stale. His ideas were fresh and 
stimulating. He kept moving. He was the embodiment of abounding life 
and hopefulness." 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES II 7 

Dr. Lyman Abbott in the Outlook of May 27, 191 1, said of 
him: 

"He served in a very real sense as an ambassador. He officially repre- 
sented no government, but he did very truly act as a representative of 
American civilization to the civilization of Japan. Perhaps some idea 
of what it means to a man like Dr. DeForest to be a missionary may be 
gained from the statement of what happened to him on his return to 
Japan from a visit to the United States. When he arrived at Sendai, 
where his home was, he was met by a great crowd of the Japanese people. 
In the throng were the Governor of the province and the Mayor of the 
city. In that throng, too, were men and women of all classes, from 
jinrikisha men to students. A Japanese paper, in expressing the value 
of Dr. DeForest's services, likened his work in cementing the friendship 
of Japan and the United States to the visit of Admiral Sperry's sixteen 
battle ships, and called Dr. DeForest himself 'our new national benefac- 
tor.' Dr. DeForest was not only a missionary from the United States 
to Japan, but also from Japan to the United States. Through his public 
utterances and through his writings (for instance, in his readable little 
book, 'Sunrise in the Sunrise Kingdom') he did much to acquaint 
Americans with the spirit of the Japanese. Broad in his human sym- 
pathies, he was broad too in his religious thinking. How highly his 
intellectual powers were esteemed is indicated by the fact that on one 
occasion, when about a thousand missionaries from China, Japan and 
Corea were gathered at Kuling in China, it was Dr. DeForest who was 
chosen by them to give a paper on 'The Present Status of Theological 
Thought' 



» tr 



Rev. Dr. T. P. Prudden (Yale College 1869), in the Congrega- 
tionalist of May 20, 191 1, paid this tribute to his college friend: 

"For more than forty years I have known Dr. DeForest intimately, 
and the charm of his personality, the beauty and breadth of his spirit, 
and his exceeding fitness for his work have seemed constantly increasing. 
Doubtless his training in a country parsonage, his army experiences, seven 
years at Yale, and his pastorate of three years at Mt. Carmel, Conn., 
developed his strong character. But he found himself when, amid the 
brightest professional prospects, he decided to go to what was then called 
*barbarous* Japan, where he not only saw the critical needs, but foresaw 
much which has since come to pass. 

"In the spirit of a knightly soldier he volunteered, and with his devoted 
wife has worked, fascinated by hard tasks but never daunted; courageous 
though his knees shook; persistent whatever his weariness; looking for 
and grasping each opportunity; responding to the least call for help; 
keeping his sword sharp and ready; and never sparing himself, but 
experiencing always the intense joy of those who love the battle and who 
unselfishly serve. 



Il8 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 



"Years of study on the language were a burden, but his indomitable 
pluck made him a fluent orator, speaking by invitation to large audiences 
in theatres through the land, and the widely-known representative of 
Christian and American civilization to a vast multitude. His long winter 
tours, living in Japanese hotels, with no fire save a brazier of coals, and 
enduring Japanese beds and food, required a sacrifice well-nigh heroic, 
but that produced a friendliness and open-mindedness towards Christianity 
and America not easily estimated. 

"His energy and capacity for work were boundless; he longed to do 
things; he loved the people; he thought his strength without limit; 
his manhood appealed to men; his personality created friendships; his 
smile and wit disarmed hostility; men felt his warm-heartedness; he 
drew them to his cause because he drew them to himself. In Sendai the 
officials and military officers and even Buddhist priests were his friends 
and visitors, and their welcome when he last returned from America was 
a public ovation. Young men sought his counsel. He was a man of 
affairs, but with the vision of Christ always with him. He looked and 
planned far ahead for the Kingdom of God, but with the eye of a states- 
man. Because of his recognized character and loyalty to Japan, he was 
made the guest of the army in Manchuria and granted rare privileges. 

"Dr. DeForest inspired trust; he could give comfort to the troubled and 
put himself in another's place. He looked for the good in men and saw 
the good in the Japanese religions. Religious convictions tested by 
experience and faith in the Infinite Love were at the basis of his character. 

"He was an all-round man, who used each talent to the utmost. To 
me he seemed an ideal missionary, a typical Christian whose light has so 
shined that very many have seen the glory of God; a valiant knight 
without fear and without reproach, a soldier who has fought a good 
fight, and not least a dear and tested friend, loved by all who have 
known him, but knit to a few by ties which neither distance nor time 
have weakened." 



Charles A. de Kay 

Fourth son and seventh child of Commodore George Coleman and 
Janet Halleck (Drake) de Kay, both of New York City. His mother was 
the only child of the poet Joseph Rodman Drake, author of "The 
American Flag," "The Culprit Fay," and other well-known poems. 

Charles A. de Kay was born July 25, 1848, in the old Van Ness 
or ''haunted" house at Washington, D. C, which his father 
had leased. After the death of his father a few months later the 
family returned to New York and settled at Oyster Bay, L. I. 
De Kay spent four years in boyhood in Dresden, Saxony, and 
completed his preparation for Yale at General Russell's Military 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 1 19 

School in New Haven. In college he gave special attention to 
athletics and gjmnastics. He was Captain of one of the Gym- 
nastic Classes, and rowed in the Glyuna shell and on his class 
crew in Senior year. 

After leaving college he lived on Staten Island and was for a 
short time engaged in business in New York City. Having an 
inherited fondness for writing and books, he soon renounced mer- 
cantile pursuits and returned to his studies. His life has been 



devoted to literature and art. He has been a constant contributor 
to periodical literature, and from 1876 to 1906 was on the staff 
of the New York Times as editorial writer, literary critic and art 
critic. After 1907 he was for a time connected with the New 
York Evening Post. From 1894 to 1897 he was United States 
Consul General at Berlin. His published works include: 

"The Bohemian," a tragedy of modern life. Charles Scribner's Sons. 
1878. 

"Hesperus, and Other Poems." Charles Scribner's Sons. 1880. 

"Vision of Nimrod," an oriental romance. D. Appleton & Co. 1881. 

"Vision of Esther," a sequel to the "Vision of Nimrod." D. Appleton 
& Co. 188a. 



I20 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

"Love Poems of Louis Bamaval." D. Appleton & Co. 1883. 
"Manmat'ha," in "Stories by American Authors," Vol. X. Charles 
Scribner's Sons. 1884. 
"The Life and Works of Antoine Louis Barye» Sculptor." New York. 

1889. 

"The Family Life of Heinrich Heine," from the German. Cassells. 
1892. 

"Bird Gods," a study of myths and religions in ancient Europe. A. S. 
Barnes & Co., 1898. 

Also, "Essays on Ancient Ireland," in the Century Magazine; 
"Wonders of the Alphabet," in St. Nicholas. 

"Life and Works of Louis Comfort Tiffany." Privately printed. 

De Kay is founder of the Fencers Club, New York, 1880; 
founder of the Authors Club, New York, 1882; also of the 
National Sculpture Society, New York, 1892, as well as of Der 
Berliner Fecht Klub, Berlin, 1896 ; likewise of the National Arts 
Club, New York, 1899, of the Circle of Friends of the Medallion, 
1909, and of the American Institute of the Graphic Arts, New 
York, 1914. 

On June 4, 1888, he was married to Edwalyn Coffey, daughter 
of Major Edward Lees Coffey, British Army of India, and of 
Lucy EdwaJyn Haxall of Richmond, Va. His children are: 
Phyllis Dunboyne de Kay, born June 6, 1889; Helena van Brugh 
de Kay, born January 6, 1891 ; Katharine Finola de Kay, born 
August 20, 1893 ; Adrian Barton Drake de Kay, born December 
7, 1894; Marion Eckford de Kay, born May 23, 1896; Rodman 
Drake de Kay, born February i, 1898; Ormonde Kay de Kay, 
born October 10, 1900; and Sylvia Octavia de Kay, bom 
December 31, 1902. 

PhylHs Dunboyne, a graduate of the School of Applied Design 
for Women, New York City, has been studying painting in 
Florence, Italy. Her pictures have been exhibited in New York 
and Florence. 

Helena van Brugh, a graduate of the Institute of Music, New 
York City, went on the stage with Mrs. Fiske, and has been 
leading lady in Broadhurst's play, "Bought and Paid For." 

Marion Eckford has a position on the staff of St. Nicholas. 

Rodman Drake is preparing for Annapolis. 

Katharine Finola, a graduate of the School of Applied Design 
for Women, New York City, has been cartoonist for the Herter 
Looms, New York City. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES GRADUATES lai 

Mrs, de Kay has been prominent on the amateur stage, and has 
written and acted in several very charming short plays given for 
various charities. She also has gone on the professional stage 
and has been playing during the past season {1913) in Edward 
Sheldon's "Romance" at the Maxine Elliott theatre. 



William Palmer Dixon 

Son of Courtlandt P. and Hannah E. (Williams) Dixon, who were mar- 
ried in Stonington, Conn., September 9. 1841. His father, Courtlandt 
Palmer Kxon, was born in Westerly, R. I., June 23, 1817, and died in 
Brooklyn, N. Y., June 5. 1883. Courtlandt P. Dixon's father was Nathan 
Fellows Dixon, United States Senator from Rhode Island, who died in 
Washington, D. C, January 29, 1842. while serving his term as Senator ; 
his mother was Betsy Palmer Dixon, daughter of Captain Amos Palmer 
of Stonington, Conn. She died in Westerly. R I„ March 30, 1859- 

Dixon's mother, Hannah Elizabeth Williams, born in Stonington, Novem- 
ber 16, 1817, died in the City of New York October 30, 1888, was daughter 
of Captain Ephraim Williams of Stonington, who was a collateral descend- 
ant of Colonel Ephraim Williams who founded Williams College. Her 



122 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

mother was Hannah Eliza Denison, daughter of Amos Denison of Ston- 
ington, who was son of Deacon Joseph Denison and great-grandson of 
George Denison of Westerly. 
A brother, Ephraim W. Dixon, was graduated from Yale College in 1881. 

William P. Dixon was born in New York City, March 19, 1847. 
The family removed to Brooklyn in 1848, and he was prepared 
for college there by J. C. Overhiser. He was a member of the 
Promenade Committee, which had charge of the Junior Exhibi- 
tion and Promenade, was one of the nine Cochlaureati, made 
the Presentation Address at the Wooden Spoon Exhibition, and 
was a member of the Thanksgiving Jubilee Committee in Senior 
year 

He was graduated at Columbia College Law School in May, 
1870, and formed a partnership with Famam, under the firm 
name of Dixon & Farnam, with whom he continued till 1875, 
when Farnam retired. Dixon continued by himself at 29 Wall 
Street until January i, 1882, when he joined George Macculloch 
Miller and Wheeler H. Peckham, forming the firm of Miller, 
Peckham & Dixon. This firm continued until July i, 1900, when 
it was dissolved, and he entered into partnership with his cousin, 
Jabish Holmes, forming the firm of Dixon & Holmes. 

Dixon is a Trustee of the Mutual Life Insurance Company 
of New York ; a Director of the Lawyer's Title Insurance Com- 
pany of New York, of The Mortgage-Bond Company, of The 
Fidelity and Casualty Company, of The American Exchange 
National Bank, of The City of New York Insurance Company; 
President and Director of the New York Real Estate Association, 
of The Manhattan Real Estate Association, of The Central Real 
Estate Association, of The Colonial Real Estate Association. 

April 26, 1871, he married, at Riverdale-on-Hudson, Evelena 
F. Babcock, daughter of Samuel D. Babcock, Esq. They had 
one daughter, Evelena Babcock, born in New York City, Janu- 
ary 7, 1873, and two sons, William Henry, born at Riverdale 
(New York City), August 16, 1877, and Courtlandt Palmer, 
born at Seabright, N. J., July 2, 1884. 

Evelena was married December 2, 1896, to Eben Stevens (Yale 
College 1892), and has two sons: Byam K. Stevens, born 
November 16, 1897, ^"d William Dixon Stevens, born May 17, 
1901. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES I 23 

William Henry was graduated as Bachelor of Arts from 
Columbia College in 1900 and is now a broker in New York City. 
On January 30, 1901, he married, in the City of New York, 
Josephine T. Williams, and has two children: William Palmer 
Dixon, born March 19, 1902, and Barbara W. Dixon, born April 
30, 1903, both in New York City. 

Courtlandt Palmer was graduated as Bachelor of Arts from 
Yale College in 1908. He was a member of the Yale Polo Team 
three years, and in Senior year was President of the Yale Uni- 
versity Club. On January 26, 191 1, he was married in New 
York City to Hortense Howland. 

Mrs. Evelena F. Dixon died in New York City, April 30, 1908. 



Cornelius DuBois, Jr. 

Son of Cornelius DuBois of Poughkeepsie, N. Y., and Julia Ann 
(Moore) DuBois of Washington County, N. Y. His father, Cornelius 
DuBois, was of the fifth generation in direct descent from Jacques 
duBois, a Huguenot of France who settled at Esopus (Kingston), N. Y., 
in 1675 and died there in 1676. In 1707, Pierre duBois, son of Jacques, 
moved to Fishkill, Dutchess County, N. Y., the home of this branch of 
the DuBois family in America. 

The name appears frequently in the Colonial and Revolutionary history 
of New York. Cornelius DuBois, Sr., at his death in 1879, was President 
of the First National Bank of Poughkeepsie. He was also with Matthew 
Vassar, Samuel F. B. Morse, Benson J. Lossing and others, one of the 
original trustees of Vassar College and of the Hudson River State Hos- 
pital (for the insane) at Poughkeepsie, as well as one of the founders 
in 1855 oi the Republican party in Dutchess County, N. Y. 

Edward Cornelius DuBois, brother of our classmate, was graduated 
from Yale College in the Class of 1854. He died May 25, 1903, at Lima, 
Peru, after a very active life as an engineer and builder of railroads. 

Cornelius DuBois, Jr., the third son and the eighth and last 
child of the family, was born in Poughkeepsie, N. Y., June 7, 1845, 
and was prepared for college at the Dutchess County Academy, 
Poughkeepsie. He joined the Class of '68 at Yale at the begin- 
ning of Sophomore year, having spent his Freshman year at 
Amherst College, where he was the Greek prizeman of his class. 
At Yale he was one of the speakers at Junior Exhibition and 
was graduated with Phi Beta Kappa rank. 

After graduation, DuBois taught Latin at Cook's Collegiate 
Institute for Young Ladies (later Lyndon Hall School) at Pough- 



"24 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

keepsie. In 1871 he entered the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, New York City, but remained only one year. Thereafter 
he studied law in the office of Mr. Tristam Coffin of Poughkeepsie, 
and he was admitted to the New York Bar at Poughkeepsie on 
May 13, 1875. 

DuBois remained in Poughkeepsie until 1888, practicing law and 
interesttnE himself for many years in the local Board of Educa- 
tion and in the Dutchess County branch of the American Society 



for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, carrying on this latter 
work with the greatest enthusiasm, often single-handed and prac- 
tically always at his own expense. DuBois was one of the organ- 
izers in 1873 of the Amrita Club of Poughkeepsie. Upon leav- 
ing Poughkeepsie, he practiced law for some years in New York 
City. In 1894 he became associated with the Trow Press in New 
York but from this he has recently withdrawn. 

DuBois was married in the Protestant Episcopal Church of the 
Beloved Disciple, East 89th Street, New York City, on November 
20, 1894, to Sarah Ann Kelly, of Staten Island. Mrs. DuBois 
died in the New York Hospital, December i, 1894, aged forty-one 
years, and she is buried in St. Peter's Cemetery, West New 
Brighton, Staten Island, N. Y. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 



*William Durant 

Son of William C. and A. E. (White) Durant. His father, William C. 
was son of Edward, born July 12. i779> and grandson of Thomas, born 
March 18, 1746. Abisail Durant, sister of this Thomas, was grandmother 
of the Founders of Wellesley College, Henry Fowle Durant and his wife 
Pauline (Fowle), who were second cousins. Thomas Clark Durant, 
builder of the Union Pacific Railroad, was a first cousin of Durant's father. 
The first American ancestor was George Durant, who came from England, 
and settled in Middletown, Conn., in 1663. 

William Durant was bom in Albany, N. Y., August 21, 1846, 
and was prepared lor college at Albany Academy. 

After traveling one year in Europe, he began the study of 
theology at Princeton, where he was graduated April 23, 1872. 
During the following summer he supplied the pulpit of the First 
Presbyterian Church, Milwaukee (Rev. G. P. Nichols, pastor). 
After a season of western travel, he returned to Albany, where 
he was ordained to the ministry and installed pastor of the 
Sixth Presbyterian Church, December 9, 1873. May li, 1883, 
he was installed in the pastorate of the First Presbyterian Church 
at Morristown, N. J., where he remained till May, 1887, when 



126 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

he resigned to accept the call of the Boundary Avenue Church, 
Baltimore, Md. At his request, he was released from the latter 
June I, 1892. After four months of travel with his wife in 
France, Holland and England, he returned in time to sit as a 
member of the Presbytery of New York during the trial of 
Professor Charles A. Briggs, and voted for the latter's acquittal. 
Early in December, 1892, he received a unanimous call to the 
First Presbyterian Church of Saratoga Springs, N. Y., where 
he was installed as pastor February 15, 1893. He resigned his 
pastorate at Saratoga Springs May i, 1908, anl settled at Welles- 
ley, Mass., in 1909. 

In 1894 he received the honorary degree of D.D. from Union 
College. 

He has published : 

"Church Politj'/' a selection from articles contributed by the Rev. 
Charles Hodge, D.D., to the Princeton Review: pp. xi, 532. Charles 
Scribner's Sons. 1878. 

"History of the First Presbyterian Church, Morristown," with genea- 
logical data for 13,000 names on its registers, 928 pages, octavo. 

He has furnished numerous contributions to religious papers on 
subjects of ecclesiology and practical religion, and published a 
score or more of sermons in pamphlet form. 

July 17, 1878, he was married at Albany to Elizabeth F. 
Stantial. They had three children, only one of whom is now 
living: Elizabeth, bom in Albany, April 16, 1880, died in Morris- 
town, December 25, 1883; William Clark, born in Morristown, 
February 13, 1883; Betty Stantial, bom in Morristown, March 
18, 1885, died July 22, 1885. 

William Clark was graduated from Union College in 1904 
with the degree of B.E., was four years with the General Elec- 
tric Company, four years General Superintendent of Prince 
Rupert (B. C.) Hydro Electric Co., and is now sales manager 
of the Connecticut River Transmission Co., Worcester, Mass. 
He was married, May 17, 1912, to Heloise Timbrel Durant, 
granddaughter of Thomas Clark Durant, and daughter of 
William West and Janet Lathrop (Stott) Durant. 

Mrs. Elizabeth F. (Stantial) Durant died in Morristown, 
March 18, 1885. Durant was again married, May 19, 1887, to 
Lucy B. Stantial of Albany, N. Y. They have one child, Lois 
Pierson, bom in Baltimore, January 7, 1890, graduated from 
Wellesley College, Department of Music, in 19 13. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 127 

William Durant died at his home in Wellesley on March i, 
1914. Funeral services were held in Wellesley Monday morn- 
ing, and on Tuesday in the chapel of the Albany Rural Cemetery, 
where interment was made in the family plot. 

Mrs. Durant resides at 44, Dover Road, Wellesley, Mass. 



*George Eastburn 

Son of Jacob and Elizabeth K. (Taylor) Eastburn. was bom Septem- 
ber 25, 1838. in Solebury Township, Bucks County, Pa., where the East- 
burns had resided since 1729. 

Before entering college, he served in the Union Army, in the 
Eleventh Pennsylvania Infantry. This was a three months' regi- 
ment, organized at Harrisburg, April 26, 1861, two weeks after 
the attack on Fort Sumter. 

Eastbum was prepared for Yale by Dr. Joseph Thomas, Phila- 
delphia, and entered with the Class of '67. At the end of 
Sophomore year he obtained leave of absence and taught a year 
to replenish his finances, joining '68 at the commencement of 



128 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Junior year. He was superintendent of the reading room in 
Senior year, was interested in debating, was one of the Presidents 
of Brothers, and was graduated with Phi Beta Kappa rank in 
scholarship. 

In October, 1868, he opened an English and Classical School 
in the building of the Third National Bank at Broad and Market 
Streets, Philadelphia, with seven pupils. In January, 1870, in 
company with John G. Moore, he purchased the private school 
of Caleb S. Hallowell, and transferred his pupils to the rooms 
formerly occupied by Mr. Hallowell, on Tenth Street above 
Arch, and there mustered about fifty pupils. During the 
summer of 1870 he moved into a new building on Ninth Street 
above Arch, and opened with increased numbers under the title 
of "Hallowell Select High School." As his partner, Mr. Moore, 
was absent a good deal delivering lectures upon science, East- 
burn was the recognized head of the institution. Mr. Moore 
died in April, 1872, and after July first of that year Eastbuni 
was the sole Proprietor and Principal. 

He could accommodate only about seventy pupils in the build- 
ing on Ninth Street, and judged it necessary to obtain, as soon 
as practicable, other quarters. In September, 1877, he opened 
his school at the northwest corner of Broad Street and Fairmount 
Avenue, and adopted a new name: "North Broad Street Select 
School." In 1893, the name was changed to "Eastbum Acad- 
emy." He was Headmaster of this school for thirty-three years, 
and during this time prepared many boys for the two under- 
graduate departments of Yale, and for Princeton and other 
universities. 

In 1905, on account of failing health, he withdrew from the 
Academy and opened a home school at Atlantic City, limited to 
ten pupils. A year later he returned to Philadelphia, to accept 
the Professorship of Science at the Northeast Manual Training 
School in that city. 

At the annual meeting of the Schoolmasters' Association in 
1889, he presented a paper on the Metric System, which was 
afterwards published by the American Metrological Society. In 
February, 1889, he made an address on the Metric System before 
the National Association of Builders of the United States of 
America, at their annual meeting, which was published in full in 
the Report of the Proceedings of the Association for that year. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 129 

In 1890, he was President of the Schoolmasters* Association 
of Philadelphia. At the annual banquet of this Association for 
that year. Colonel Clayton McMichael referred to its President 
as follows: 

"Thirty years ago I was the pupil of a fair-faced, smiling-eyed, honest 
and conscientious lad, so fresh himself from boyhood as to have a sympa- 
thetic knowledge of the ease with which plastic youth may be moulded 
by careful touch; j'et ripe in the wisdom of an earnest appreciation that 
negligent handling of the facile clay would imprint upon it such defac- 
ing marks as might show through every subsequent effort to remove them. 
The thick black hair which then clustered in profusion about my temples 
has been thinned and whitened by the bleaching wastes of Time ; the soar- 
ing aspirations of extravagant expectation have been met by the impas- 
sible obstacles of experience; the exaggerated contests of childhood have 
long been forgotten in the common struggles of maturity. But through 
every period of a life that has not been uneventful, I have been grate- 
ful to him whose eyes to-night are not less smiling, whose face to-night 
is not less fair, your deservedly honored president, George Eastburn, who 
first taught me that affection, frankness and confidence, the discipline of 
truth and tenderness that makes obedience a pleasure, the cement of loyal 
and trusting fellowship — all those qualities that hold us in such fealty 
to the associations of kindred and of home, could not be less potent in 
the school-room than in the happy domestic circles where previously I 
had known them best. 

"There are tradesmen who adulterate their merchandise ; there are finan- 
ciers who betray their trusts ; there are boys who are not ashamed of false 
pretense. There would be a less number of either if all schoolmasters 
had been as was this one whom I have named.' 

Princeton College conferred upon him the degree of Doctor 
of Philosophy in 1890. 

Eastburn was married to Mary Olden Davis, September 8, 
1870, in Philadelphia, and had by this marriage one son, Holmes 
Davis, bom May 15, 1872. His wife, after a lingering illness, 
died May 8, 1873. He was again married, July 12, 1876, in 
Philadelphia, to Elizabeth M. Beale, and had another son, George 
Eastburn, Jr., born in Germantown, August 31, 1877, ^i"^ ^ 
daughter, Agnes Grant, bom in Philadelphia, October 16, 1878. 

Holmes D. Eastburn was married April 30, 1895, to Eleanor 
J. Whitten, and was for a time Assistant Secretary of the Young 
Men's Christian Association of Philadelphia. 

George Eastburn, Jr., was a member of Haverford College till 
the end of Freshman year. 

Eastburn died of uremia in Philadelphia, October 13, 1907, in 
his seventieth year. 

9 



130 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

*Tryon Holkar Edwards 

Son of Rev. Tryon and Catherine (Hughes) Edwards. His father, 
Tryon Edwards (Yale College 1828), son of Jonathan Walter Edwards 
(Yale College 1789) and Elizabeth (Tryon) Edwards, was the founder of 
Wilson College for Women at Chambersburg, Pa. 

Tryon H. Edwards was bom February 26, 1846, in New 
London, Conn., was prepared for college at the Edwards Place 
School, Stockbridge, Mass., and was a member of '67 till the 
close of Sophomore year. In September, 1866, he joined '68, and 
was a member of the class till near the close of Junior year. 

After leaving college, he taught several years in Easton, Pa., 
and then traveled west, south, and abroad. He afterwards 
studied law, and in 1873 began practicing as an attorney in 
Hagerstown, Md. In 1880 he became an attorney and counsellor- 
at-law of the Supreme Court of the United States, his specialty 
being Railroad and Corporation Law. For several years he was 
Commissioner of the Court for Washington County, Md. 

In June, 1892, Yale University conferred on him the degree 
of Master of Arts, with enrollment in his Class. 

He was married February 13, 1873, ^^ Hagerstown, to Lydia 
Hollingsworth Kennedy, and had four children: Katharine H., 
born December 7, 1873 ; Mamie H. K., bom July 6, 1875 ; Lydia 
H. K., bom April 20, 1878; Tryon P., born October 24, 1880. 

Mrs. Edwards died March 19, 1882. 

Tryon H. Edwards died Febmary 18, 1904. 



♦Albert Henry Esty 



Son of Edward S. and Frances Amelia (Wilgus) Esty. On his father's 
side he was ninth lineal descendant from John and Mary Winslow of the 
Mayflower through his paternal grandmother, and ninth from Isaac Esty 
of Topsfield and his wife, Mary Esty, who was executed as a witch on 
Salem Hill. His father, Edward S. Esty, reformed the entire school sys- 
tem of Ithaca and was President of the new Board of Education from its 
formation till his death. He had a successful career in the New York State 
Senate and proposed many measures of reform, in which he was associ- 
ated with Theodore Roosevelt, who was in the Assembly at the time. 
Frances Amelia Wilgus, born in Westmoreland, N. Y., 1827, was a 
descendant of Peregrine White of the Plymouth Colony. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES I31 

Albert H, Esty was bom at Ithaca, N. Y., May 29, 1847, and 
was prepared for college at Ithaca Academy. After ^aduation 
he taught Latin and higher mathematics two years in the Ithaca 
Academy. In 1871 he went to Europe for further study, with 
the view of making teaching his profession. He spent several 
months at Wolfenbuttel in Germany in the study of the German 
language, and subsequently was matriculated at the University 
of Leipsic, where he attended lectures for a year. 



On his return to Ithaca in 1873, as his father needed him in 
his expanding business and was desirous of more time for public 
service, Esty became associated as a partner with his father and 
brother, Clarence H. Esty, in the leather business, under the firm 
name of E. S. Esty & Sons. They were manufacturers of Hum- 
boldt sole leather, and had in operation three tanneries located 
in or near Ithaca. After the death of his father in 1890, the 
firm name became E. S. Esty's Sons. The business was continued 
till the formation of the United States Leather Company in 1893, 
when a merger was made in that Company. After a year spent 
in travel, he located with his mother and brother in Brookline, 



132 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Mass., in order to be able to enjoy the musical and cultural 
advantages of Boston. 

While in Ithaca he occupied many positions of trust. Among 
them were the following: Trustee First Presbyterian Church; 
Director First National Bank; Trustee Ithaca Trust Company; 
member of Board of Education of the City of Ithaca; Trustee 
Children's Home, founded by his father; Trustee Ithaca City 
Hospital, which was founded by the family in honor of his father 
and to which he gave, in addition to his original contribution, 
five thousand dollars to endow a free bed. 

He showed signs of failing health not many years after his 
retirement from active business, and after a protracted illness 
died, April 13, 1910, in Brookline, from hardening of the arteries 
at the base of the brain, and his body rests in Mount Auburn. 

The following is taken from a personal letter written by his 
brother Clarence to McKinney: 

"Albert developed a careful, systematic, painstaking method in business 
tasks, and was respected widely in business circles for sound ability, abso- 
lute integrity, and perfect fairness in all his dealings with his employees. 
All through his life there played a genial humor, which made him a 
delightful companion in any society. Pronounced originality of thought 
and view made his comments on men and things of unfailing interest. He 
dispensed a quiet, but generous charity of word and purse to the poor 
and afflicted. He was generous to the point of being lavish in his gifts 
to those he loved, and was constantly doing good to those he called 'God's 
poor.' Little crippled newsboys and flower sellers in Boston were among 
the sincerest mourners at his death. He will live in the loving remem- 
brance of his friends and of every one who ever knew him, and that is 
all the fame he ever craved. His heart seemed centered in his mother, 
sister, and brother, and their children, and he never married. The closest 
and tenderest bonds of love held us together as a family, and I can never 
feel that the plan of existence is complete until we are united again." 



*Charles Henry Farnam 

Was a descendant in the eighth generation from Ralph Farnam, who 
sailed from Southampton, England, April 6, 1635, arrived in Boston June 
3. following, and settled at Andover, Mass. His father, Henry Farnam, 
bore the chief part of the expense of Farnam Hall, completed in 1870, 
and was one of the most generous benefactors of Yale College. His 
great-grandfather. Captain Eliab Farnam, served in both Colonial and 
Revolutionary Wars. His mother, Ann Sophia Whitman, was descended 
from John Whitman of Weymouth, Mass. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES GRADUATES I 33 

Three other sons of Henry Farnam have received degrees from Yale: 
George B. Farnam (M.D. Yale 1869) ; William W. Farnam (Yale College 
1866), Treasurer of Yale University from 1888 to 1899; and Henry W, 
Farnam (Yale College 1874), Professor of Political Economy in Yale 
University. 

Charles H. Farnam was born September 12, 1846, in New 
Haven, Conn,, and received his preparation for college at Phillips 
Academy, Andover. The family removed to Chicago in 1857, 
and was living there when Farnam entered Yale. He had Phi 



Beta Kappa rank in scholarship, and was one of the speakers at 
Junior Exhibition and at Commencement. 

After graduation, he spent one year in Europe and two years 
in New York City at the Columbia College Law School, where 
he was graduated in 1871, and the same year entered into 
partnership with Dixon under the firm name of Dixon & Farnam. 
The partnership was dissolved in 1875. 

He removed to New Haven and from 1877 to 1891 was Assist- 
ant in Archeology in the Peabody Museum of Yale University, 

After several years of genealogical research, he published: 

"The History of the Descendants of John Whitman of Weymouth, 
Mass.," 1,500 pages, Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor, 1889. 



134 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Famam was a very active and useful citizen of New Haven. 
He was a member of the New Haven Board of Councilmen in 
1879, and of the Board of Aldermen in 1880 and 1881. For 
several years he was President of the Board of Fire Commis- 
sioners. He was especially interested in the Fire Department, 
and did much to bring the force to a high degree of efficiency. 
It was in no small measure due to his efforts that the department 
was freed from the control of the political machine. 

June 8, 1870, he was married in New Haven to Alice Mordant 
Davies, daughter of John May and Alice S. (Hopper) Da vies, 
and had two children: Annie May, born March 29, 1871, in 
New Haven; Charles Henry, born September 12, 1873, ^^ New 
York City. Mrs. Farnam died February 10, 1899, and he was 
afterwards married to Caroline Sutton, who died in 1907. 

Annie May Farnam was married, February 10, 1891, at Trinity 
Church, New Haven, to Frank L. Woodward (Yale College 
1888). A son, Charles Famam Woodward, was bom Febmary 
20, 1892, and died August 21 of the same year. 

Charles Henry Famam, Jr., was graduated from the Sheffield 
Scientific School in 1895. He died of meningitis at Epinay, a 
suburb of Paris, May 8, 1909. 

After an illness of more than a year, Famam died, September 
24, 1909, at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Woodward, in 
Denver, Colorado. 

During his lifetime (August 21, 1901) he created a tmst from 
which Yale University will eventually receive securities that will 
yield probably about $10,000 a year, for the benefit of the 
department of History. 



*William Henry Ferry 

His earliest paternal ancestor in America was John Ferry, a refugee 
from Lorraine, who emigrated in the middle of the seventeenth century 
and eventually settled in Springfield, Mass. His grandfather, Heman 
Ferry, was the son of Noah and Hannah (Montague) Ferry of Granby. 
His father, William H. Ferry, a native of Remsen, N. Y., was State 
Senator from Oneida County in 1859, and was President pro tern, of that 
body. In 1861 he was Chairman of the County Committee, and by a 
personal canvass elected Roscoe Conkling to his first term in Congress. 
Mr. Ferry was a leader in New York State politics, and was influential 
in forming the Republican party. In 1859 he was a delegate to the 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES I35 

Chicago Convention that nominated Lincoln, and was made Chairman 
of the Central New York State Republican Committee in that campaign. 
He removed to Chicago in 1865, where he was a prominent railroad 
director and re-organiier. Ferry's mother, May Ann Williams, was of 
Welsh descent. Her grandfather, Captain Williams, was in both the 
French and Indian and the Revolutionary Wars. A brother, Charles 
Herbert Ferry, was graduated from Yale College in 1872. 

William H. Ferry was born in Utica, N. Y., May 15, 1845, was 
prepared for college partly at Utica Free Academy and partly by 



a private tutor, and entered Yale from Chicago. He rowed in 
the Varuna gig in Sophomore year, stroked the Varuna shell in 
the fall races of our Senior year, and was a member of the Uni- 
versity crew that rowed in the race against Harvard on Lake 
Quinsigamond at Worcester in July, 1867. 

On his return to Chicago after graduation, he arranged to 
study with a prominent law firm in that city, but a weakness of 
his eyes, experienced in college, continuing, he was at length 
forced to abandon his plans of a professional life. 

In 1870-71 he traveled in Europe, for the greater part of the 
time with J. W. Greene. On his return in 1872, he became nego- 
tiator of real estate and loans in Chicago, and handled some large 



136 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

subdivisions in city limits. Afterwards he went into wholesale 
dry g^oods, which business he g^ave up in 1885 and removed to 
California, where he purchased a ranch of about three thousand 
two hundred acres in El Cajon Valley. He spent much of his 
time in San Diego, and became Vice-President of the San Diego 
Flume Company, which completed a flume forty-eight miles in 
length, that conveyed the water from a reservoir in the Cuyamaca 
mountains to supply the City of San Diego and to irrigate the 
valley and table-lands around it. This flume passed through 
seven tunnels having an aggregate length of four thousand one 
hundred and twenty-four feet, and over twelve trestles having a 
total length of eight thousand eight hundred and four feet. It 
was said to be at the time the most solidly and thoroughly built 
structure of its kind in the United States. 

Ferry was also for several years President of the San Diego 
Water and Land Company, which had some one thousand three 
hundred acres suitable for lemon and orange culture. In addition 
to his official duties, he found time for planting trees, clearing off 
land, and putting it under cultivation. 

He made a specialty of fig growing and curing, which had pre- 
viously received little attention, and took first prize whenever his 
figs were exhibited, in both the County and State fairs. He was 
called upon to write articles for magazines and to deliver numerous 
addresses upon figs and fig culture, and it is generally acknow'l- 
edged that he did more than anyone else to make the production 
of the dried fig a commercial success in California. For his exhibit 
of dried figs at the World's Columbian Exposition he received a 
diploma and medal. 

He met an accidental death, March 4, 1900, when only fifty- 
four years of age. He had been at Lake Forest to visit his sister, 
and had reached the station to take a train to return to Chicago 
a little before nine in the evening. The local train which he 
expected to take was preceded by a fast express by only two or 
three minutes, and he evidently did not know about this fast 
express which did not stop. In crossing the track to get his train, 
he was struck and instantly killed. His funeral services were 
held at Lake Forest on Wednesday, March 7, and he was buried 
in Rose Hill Cemetery. 

Ferry was always hopeful, and reverses that would discourage 
most men only stimulated him to greater effort. In many direc- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 1 37 

tions he had a thorny, disturbing^ life. His experiences in Cali- 
fornia were those of many others who had invested heavily and 
were continually disappointed in crops and returns, and by 
depreciating^ values. He was just beginning to see daylight after 
these hard struggles, but the values which he had seen to be so 
near were to be appreciated by others. 

October 12, 1875, he was married at Chicago, 111., to Abbie 
Farwell, daughter of John V. Farwell, and had five boys: 
William H., bom July 13, 1876, died February 25, 1883; John 
Farwell, born October 10, 1877; Frank Farwell, born November 
12, 1878; Montague, born September 22, 1881 ; Horace Farwell, 
bom May 13, 1884. 

John Farwell was graduated from the Sheffield Scientific 
School in 1901. He was General Secretary of the Sheffield Chris- 
tian Association for one year after his graduation, and Ornitholo- 
gist of the Field Columbian Museum from 1906 till his death, 
February 12, 1910. 

Frank Farwell was graduated from Yale College in 1900, and 
is Superintendent and Secretary of the J. V. Farwell Company 
of Chicago. 

Montague was graduated from the Sheffield Scientific School in 
1902 and from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1903. 
He is City Electrician and Inspector of Electric Lights, Chicago. 
He married Josephine, daughter of Judge J. N. Carter of Quincy, 
111. They have a daughter, Phyllis Carter Ferry, bom June 24, 

19 11, at Chicago. 

Horace Farwell was graduated from Yale College in 1906 and 
from Union Theological Seminary in 191 1. He was ordained to 
the Christian ministry by the Presbytery of Chicago, April 17, 

1 91 2, and is now in charge of six Home Mission churches, with 
headquarters at Superior, Wis. 



*George William Fisher 

Second son of Erastus and Mary F. (Dresser) Fisher. His father was 
son of Laban Fisher, who was born in Killingly, Conn., in 1783, and mar- 
ried Abigail Dexter of that town. He died in i860. Mary F. Dresser 
was daughter of Ebenezer Dresser, a farmer by occupation, who was born 
May 16, 1772. 



13* THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

George W. Fisher was born in Grafton, Mass., November i8, 
1843. His parents lived in Worcester when he came to college, 
and he was prepared at the Worcester High School. 

Immediately after graduation he went into business with his 
father, who had been the chief manufacturer of cotton goods in 
Grafton since 1845. The following year Mr. Fisher transferred 
a one-fourth interest to each of his two sons, George W. and 
Albert L. Fisher. The young men gave an impetus to the busi- 



ness. New buildings were erected, and the capacity of the mill 
was nearly doubled. In 1880 Erastus Fisher died, leaving his 
sons in charge of the mills. The following year the entire plant 
was destroyed by fire. In the spring of 1882 a new company. 
The Fisher Manufacturing Company, was incorporated, and 
Geoi^e W. Fisher was made the sole manager. Descended from 
a long line of successful manufacturers, he had inherited great 
executive ability, and it was due directly to his business capacity 
that one of the largest manufacturing plants in New England 
was built up. At the time of his death, it included the four- 
story brick mill (the second largest in the Blackstone Valley), 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 1 39 

an office, three storehouses, the village store, thirty-two houses 
containing one hundred and two tenements, two private resi- 
dences, and several small buildings. The mill was equipped with 
all modem machinery. The goods were of such a quality that 
the company had practically the monopoly of its special products 
in New England. The business was in Fisherville, but Fisher's 
residence was in Grafton, about three miles distant. He became 
Grafton's most prominent manufacturer and one of its wealthiest 
and most honored citizens. Though averse to holding office, he 
took much interest in town affairs and served the town in 1878 
and 1879 ^s Selectman, was Assessor, and member of the School 
Committee. He was a Trustee of the Public Library and a 
Director in the National Bank of Grafton. 

He was married at Northbridge, Mass., January 18, 1876, to 
Ella Frances Famum of Uxbridge, daughter of Luke S. and 
Chloe (Taft) Farnum. 

He died at his home in Grafton on February 17, 1900, at the 
age of fifty-six years. On the day of his death the Worcester 
Telegram said : 

"The generous disposition of its owners has made the Fisher mill one 
of the highest salaried in New England. Throughout the Blackstone 
Valley, the employees of the Fishers were regarded as favored individuals, 
and the village was almost always overrun with applicants for positions. 
In George W. Fisher the four hundred people employed at the plant had 
a kind, considerate, generous employer and benefactor. During the panic 
of 1893 he ran the mill at a loss rather than see his employees suffer 
through lack of work." 



Benjamin Austin Fowler 

Son of Benjamin Coleman and Sophia Cowdrey (Stevens) Fowler, and 
brother of Herbert G. Fowler (Yale College 1874). 

Benjamin A. Fowler was bom in Stoneham, Mass., December 
14, 1843, attended the public schools in Stoneham, and prepared 
for Yale at Phillips Academy, Andover. He rowed in the 
Glyuna shell, and on the class crew in the Harbor races in 
Senior year. 

In August, 1862, soon after graduating at Andover, he enlisted 
in the Fiftieth Massachusetts Volunteers and joined General 



i40 THE CLASS OF I868, YALE COLLEGE 

Banks at New York, where he was detailed for special sen-ice 
in the United States Signal Corps and sent to Louisiana. He 
was before Port Hudson from the first till its surrender in 
July and participated in most of the battles. Upon the day of 
its surrender, he accompanied an expedition to Donaldsonville, 
which met with a severe repulse. He was mustered out of the 
service in August, 1863, and came to college. After passing the 
first and second terms of Freshman year with '67, he left on 



account of ill health resulting from disease contracted in the 
army, and joined '68 in January, 1865. 

After graduation he taught one year at Danvers, Mass., studied 
law one year in the Boston office of Russell, Russell & Suter, and 
then engaged in business in Boston. From 1874 to 1878 he was 
agent for the subscription departments of A. J. Johnson and 
D. Appleton & Company, both of New York City. 

The firm of B. A. Fowler & Company, publishers, was estab- 
lished in 1878, They were publishers of "The Student's Shake- 
speare," which had a large sale, and of other subscription books ; 
were New England agents for "The International Cyclopedia," 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 14I 

Dodd, Mead & Company (Mead '68), publishers; and likewise 
New England agents for the Western Publishing House of 
Chicago. 

Until the fall of 1888, Fowler's home was in Stoneham, where 
he was prominent in town affairs. He was a member of the 
Stoneham Board of Education from 1871 t6 1876. 

February i, 1889, he removed to New York City, and became 
General Manager of the Subscription Department of Dodd, Mead 
& Company. In May, 1894, he severed his connection with them 
after a service of more than eight years as agent and general 
manager, and bought a half interest in the firm of Powers 
Brothers of Chicago, later Powers, Fowler & Lewis, manu- 
facturers of subscription and educational specialties. From this 
firm he withdrew May i, 1898, later went west to Arizona, and 
in March, 1899, purchased a fruit ranch in the Salt River Valley 
near Phoenix. At once he became prominent in the industrial, 
political and social life of the Territory, and has been a leader 
in all public enterprises for the development of the city and 
valley. In 1901 he was a member of the Twenty-first Territorial 
Legislature; in 1904 Republican nominee for Territorial Dele- 
gate to Congress; from August, 1900, to February, 1903, head 
of the water storage movement in the Salt River Valley. 

It was largely due to his efforts that the Salt River Valley 
Water Users' Association was organized, bringing together the 
various canal and agricultural interests. The Association now 
has about thirty-six hundred shareholders, owning two hundred 
and fifty thousand acres of land, pledged to reimburse the 
United States Government for over ten million dollars expended 
in constructing the Salt River irrigation project, including the 
Roosevelt dam. He spent part of the winter of 1900-01 and the 
first six months of 1902 in Washington, laboring for the passage 
of the National Irrigation Act. At the celebration, June 13, 1908, 
on the completion of the Granite Reef diversion dam built by 
the United States Reclamation Service as auxiliary to the 
Roosevelt impounding dam. Chief Justice Kent (Harvard '83) 
of the Arizona Supreme Court said: 

"It is not necessary nor advisable at this time, under the conditions 
of temperature and the long ride ahead of us, to undertake to give credit 
or even a bare mention of the names of many men in the valley who 



142 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

have given much time and effort to this notable and in many ways pioneer 
work, many of whom are here to-day. However, there is one man who 
is unable to be here, who has worked unceasingly both here and in Wash- 
ington, from the inception of this project, and whose work could scarcely 
have been dispensed with. That man is B. A. Fowler, who has served 
as President of the Water Users' Association ever since it was organized, 
and who has worked assiduously for the success of the undertaking at 
all seasons." 

March 13, 1906, F. H. Newell, Chief Engineer of the United 
States Reclamation Service, wrote from Washington, D. C, to 
Governor Kibbey of Arizona : 

"My dear Governor: 

Mr. B. A. Fowler has just left for Phoenix, having informed me that 
the purchase of the Arizona canal is practically completed. I feel that 
Mr. Fowler has acomplished a great work, and I wish at this time, while 
the matter is fresh in mind, to express to you, and through you possibly 
to others, the high appreciation felt here of his untiring energy on behalf 
of the Territory, not only along water storage lines, but on all matters. 

"I have never met a man of more persistent effort and tireless energy, 
combined with patience and tact. He has been confronted with some very 
difficult situations, which would have appalled another man; and prob- 
ably no one outside of a few acquaintances ever will know of the tire- 
less persistency with which he has followed up every detail. 

"I hope it will be possible now to push forward energetically and effec- 
tively the dam at the head of the Arizona canal, as well as the other work 
in the Territory. 

Very truly yours, 

(Signed) F. H. Newell, Chief Engineer, 

U. S, Reclamation Service." 

Fowler was President of the Salt River Valley Water Users' 
Association from its organization until 1910, when he declined 
to be again a candidate for that office, after having given ten 
of the best years of his life to this work and having witnessed 
the realization of his hopes and efforts. The following estimate 
of his services to the Association is from the Arizona Republican 
of March 24, 1910: 

"The services of Benjamin A. Fowler to this valley have been of value 
beyond the possibility of realization by any citizen who has not kept books 
on his work. At a time when the rest of us looked upon 'federal irri- 
gation' as a mere dream of impractical enthusiasts, and too chimerical 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 143 

for serious consideration, Mr. Fowler took up the cause with an energy 
and enthusiasm which was infectious. At his own expense he made trip 
after trip to Washington, and with Mr. George H. Maxwell and a little 
band of 'cranks/ as they were then regarded, he pounded into Congress- 
men the notion of federal reclamation of the arid lands. 

"It is safe to say that in one way or another, counting direct expendi- 
ture from his own pocket and the free gift of his time in the cause, it 
has cost him quite as much as he has received in the whole aggregate of 
his petty salary since the Water Users' Association was formed. When 
President Roosevelt came on the scene, the federal irrigationists acquired 
a powerful ally, and two years afterward success was achieved in the form 
of the Reclamation Act. 

"When that act was passed, Mr. Fowler was one of the first to see that 
it was practicable to apply it to the needs of this valley. Immediately a 
movement was started for a local organization of water users, with a 
view to obtaining the benefits of the act. 

"Now that everything is working so smoothly, it is difficult to realize 
the obstacles encountered in those days of preliminary organization. The 
people of the valley were at loggerheads. Litigation over conflicting 
claims to an inadequate water supply was the order of the day. People 
were suspicious of each other, and, above all, discouraged. In the streets 
of Phoenix there were almost daily auction sales of household goods by 
ranchers who were selling the newer lands for pitifully small prices and 
moving away. To weld the warring elements into a cohesive organiza- 
tion; to infuse a belief in the possibility of team work by the whole 
valley ; and to create enthusiasm and a spirit of cooperation, was an under- 
taking of such magnitude that perhaps not more than a dozen citizens 
stuck steadily to the task. In this corporal's guard, Mr. Fowler was an 
indefatigable leader. Always good-humored and tactful, always patient and 
optimistic, he was a restless peacemaker. While large credit belongs to 
not a few other public-spirited citizens, it is not invidious to say that, so 
far as the work of promotion was concerned, first credit belongs to B. A. 
Fowler." 

Fowler is a Director of the Phoenix Title and Trust Company ; 
Vice-President of the National Conservation Congress, and of 
the Rivers and Harbors Congress. He has been President of 
the Arizona Agricultural Association and of the Phoenix 
Board of Trade; and Vice-President of the American Forestry 
Association and of the Trans-Mississippi Congress. 

In 1907 he was elected Secretary of the i6th, and in 1908 
Secretary of the 17th National Irrigation Congress. In 1909, 
he was elected at Spokane, Wash., with practical unanimity, 
President of the i8th National Irrigation Congress. The honor 
came to him entirely unsought and unsolicited. In September, 



144 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

1910, he was elected at Pueblo, Colo., President of the 19th 
Irrigation Congress, which convened in Chicago, 111., where he 
was succeeded as President by United States Senator Francis G. 
Newlands, Yale '67. Also at Chicago, in appreciation of his 
services as a presiding officer the year before, a del^ation of 
Pueblo, Colo., citizens presented him with a large gavel, made 
in Colorado of Colorado wood and beautifully mounted with 
Colorado embossed gold and silver, a rare gift which Fowler 
prizes highly. 

He was the first, and for four years. President of the Asso- 
ciated Charities of Phoenix, organized in 1907. In April, 1907, 
he was Chairman of a Subscription Committee, which organized 
an eleven day Y. M. C. A. campaign and raised funds totalling 
$103,000 in a city of 12,000 population, for a beautiful build- 
ing completed in January, 191 1. He was President of this 
Association from 1908 to 1914. 

Referring to his interest in the work of this Association, he 
says in a recent letter: "In my small circle, I am endeavoring 
to do what I can, in the few years of life that are left to me, 
for the uplift of the community in which I live, as every 
honest, public-spirited man should do, regardless of politics or 
denominational preferences." 

Fowler is the first President of the Arizona Yale Alumni 
Association, organized in November, 1913. He says, "I was 
chosen because the boys wanted an antique." Five years ago 
at the first meeting of the Arizona Harvard Alumni Association, 
Fowler was invited to be present, and, being the oldest Yale 
graduate in the vicinity, the Harvard boys made him an 
Honorary member. 

He was married October 17, 1888, to Ella Frances Quinby 
of Medford, Mass. 



Joseph Warren Greene 

Son of Joseph W. and Mary A. (Smith) Greene. 

Joseph W. Greene was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., November 2. 
1846, and was prepared for college by James D. Clark of that 
city. He was graduated from Yale with Phi Beta Kappa rank 
in scholarship. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES MS 

In May, 1870, he received the degree of LL.B. from the 
Columbia College Law School, and in 1871 attended university 
lectures in Braunschweig, Germany. Since 1872 he has been 
practicing law in New York City, His office at present is at 
III Broadway. Greene is a Director in the Home Life Insurance 
Company and in the Niagara Fire Insurance Company ; a 
Trustee of the South Brooklyn Savings Institution ; a member 
of the Executive and Law Committees of the New York Civil 



Service Reform Association; and was for some years a Vestry- 
man in the Holy Trinity Church, He was formerly one of the 
Board of Commissioners for the Improvement of Brooklyn 
Heights; a member of the Civil Service Commission of the old 
City of Brooklyn; a Director in the Brooklyn Young Men's 
Christian Association. Since 1900 he has been Class Agent for 
the Yale University Alumni Fund. 

In i8g6 he was nominated for Supreme Court Justice on an 
independent citizens' ticket. The purpose in putting up the 
ticket was to defeat the candidate of an odious political ring. 
This was accomplished, but, as was expected, the candidate of 
the other regular party was elected. 



146 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

The summer of 1903 he spent with his son Herbert and his 
daughter in Europe, visiting North Wales, Scotland, the English 
lakes, and the cathedral and university towns. 

He was married October 20, 1874, to Julia S. Sherman, at 
Brooklyn Heights, and has four living children : Joseph Warren, 
bom February 22, 1876; James Taylor, born February 24, 1877; 
Herbert Gouvemeur, born November 6, 1881 ; Julia Sherman, 
born April 28, 1885. One child, Katharine, died in infancy. 

Joseph Warren was graduated from Yale College in 1899, 
was admitted to the Bar in New York City, and is now connected 
with the real estate department of the New York Telephone 
Company. 

James Taylor is engaged in farming at Weybridge, Vt. 

Herbert Gouverneur was graduated from Yale College in 
1903 and is now in the employ of the Telephone Company in 
New York City. 



*Ira Cole Hall 

His father, John C. Hall, was born February i, 1808, and died Decem- 
ber 21, 1882. He was by occupation a farmer, and was elected a member 
of the New York State Assembly for Seneca County. His mother, Adelia 
(Cole) Hall, born September 19, 1819, died February 25, 1897, was 
descended throujfh her father from Daniel Cole, who came to Plymouth 
from England in 1632, and through her mother, from Elder William 
Brewster, and Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower, 

Ira C. Hall was born in Covert, Seneca County, N. Y., October 
9, 1846, and was prepared for college at Trumansburgh Academy. 
He was a member of the Wooden Spoon Committee, and rowed 
in the Varuna shell in Sophomore year. 

After graduation he returned to Covert and was engaged in 
farming and stock dealing, until 1871, when he removed to 
Farmer Village (now Interlaken), a village in the town of 
Covert three miles north of his birthplace, where with his father 
he opened a coal and grain business, and was engaged in buying 
and shipping farm products. This business he conducted for 
thirty years. For several years he serv^ed also as Station Agent 
on the Geneva, Ithaca & Say re Railway. In 1904 he was elected 
to the Board of Supervisors and served four years, during the 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 147 

last two being Chairman of the Board. He was Trustee of the 
First Baptist Church. 

He was married to Caroline Frances, daughter of Milo V. and 
DruziDa (Hopkins) Cole, October 6, 1869, at Covert, and had 
three children: Wallace Stowell, born May 19, 1872, died 
young; Alice Louise, bom November 2, 1876; John Wilbur, 
bom October 9, 1879. 



Alice Louise was married December 25, 1903, to Dr. Walter 
D. Hopkins, a teacher of Latin in the Boys' High School, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

John Wilbur was married September i, 1906, to Mrs. Edith 
Penn of Syracuse, and is now a salesman for Taggart Brothers 
Company, manufacturers of rope papers, flour and cement bags. 
He is located in Pittsburgh. Pa. 

Ira C. Hall died of neuralgia of the heart at his home in 
Interlaken, April 27, 1908, at the age of sixty-one years. Funeral 
services were held Thursday, April 30, and burial was in Lake 
View Cemetery, with Masonic services. 

Mrs. Hall resides at Interlaken, N. Y. 



THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 



♦William Abbott Hamilton 

Son of Robert P. Hamilton, M.D., and Jane L. (Abbott) Hamilton. 

William A. Hamilton was bom in Chicago, 111., August 31, 
1848, and came to college from Saratoga Springs, N. Y., to 
which place the family had removed in 1854. He was prepared 
for college at WilHston Seminary. 

After graduating at Yale, he returned to Saratoga Springs, 
where he was employed for several years as bookkeeper. He 
subsequently studied medicine and in 1876 received the degree 
of M.D. at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York 
City. He was House Physician at Bellevue Hospital'from 1876 
till 1878, when he established himself in his profession at Minne- 
apolis, Minn. He died in that city, October 21, 1881, In his 
brief practice of three years there, he gained the confidence of 
a growing circle of friends and the respect of other physicians. 

In presenting the resolutions adopted by the Bachelor's Club 
of Minneapolis, on the day after his death, Mr. Riley said : 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES— GRADUATES 149 

"I cannot refrain, as I offer these resolutions, from remarking how inade- 
quate any such expression must be as a full representation of the pro- 
found sorrow with which we take leave to-day of all that is mortal of 
our dear friend. Dr. Hamilton. Never can we recall his memory without 
a grateful appreciation of his excellence. He was so truly manly, so 
honorable, so upright, so courteous, so kindly, so intelligent and accom- 
plished, and withal so conspicuously modest, that the loss of his presence 
and influence we must all deeply feel. No casual observer could fail to 
perceive how estimable a man he was in all the relationships of his life. 
But to us, who have from time to time been closely brought into contact 
with him as a member and officer of our association, his memory will 
always be endeared as we recall his quiet humor, his constant cheerful- 
ness, the intelligence and clear-sightedness of his conversation, the kindly 
benevolence of his countenance, and the invariable dignity of his whole 
demeanor. Having lost him, it may be a solace to reflect that he must 
have known how much respected, valued and loved he was, and that dur- 
ing the years in which he was among us, he had found in this association 
friendships which warmed and cheered his life. And to-day, if he can look 
down from the mysterious world to which he has gone, as we are assem- 
bled in this room fragrant with his memory, he will discern hearts sincerely 
mourning him because they have sincerely honored and loved him," 



*Oscar Harger 

On his father's side of Huguenot descent, was the son of Alfred and 
Ruth (Beardsley) Harger, and brother of Charles Harger (Ph.B. Yale 

1857). 

Oscar Harger was bom in Oxford, Conn., January 12, 1843, 
and was prepared for Yale at the Connecticut Literary Institution 
in Suffield, where he was a classmate of Coats and John Lewis. 

As an undergraduate he excelled in all studies, but was espe- 
cially fond of mathematics and natural science. Even then he 
had the spirit of an investigator, and was never willing to accept 
anything as true until he had himself proved it. Many of the 
class will recall the experiments in physics which he performed 
in his room, 48 South Middle College, in our Junior year. He 
was obliged to practice the greatest economy, and supported 
himself in part by doing mathematical work under the direction 
of Professor Newton, chiefly upon valuation tables for the Insur- 
ance Department of the State of New York. 

In the fall of 1868 he took up the study of zoology with Pro- 
fessor Verrill. Two years later he was made Assistant in 



ISO THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Paleontology in Yale College. From this time until his death 
he worked chiefly with Professor Marsh in palaeontology, and had 
a general supervision of the work in Peabody Museum in that 
department, but continued also his studies in zoology, as time and 
health allowed. He went with Professor Marsh on his geological 
expeditions in 1871 and 1873, In the summer of 1872, in com- 
pany with Professor S. I. Smith, he visited St George's Banks 
in the Coast Survey Steamer "Bache," on a dredging expedition. 



the resuhs of which were published by Professor Smith and him- 
self in the Transactions of the Connecticut Academy for 1874. 
With the exception of these scientific excursions he worked for 
eighteen years without interruption, except during the college 
vacations, in his laboratory in the Peabody Museum, and even 
during a considerable part of the vacations he visited the museum 
daily to oversee the work going on. How much his investigations 
added to the world's knowledge will never be known. 

The first symptoms of heart trouble were noticed in 1879. 
Oassmates who saw him at the annual gatherings of the Alumni, 
where he was always present to welcome any member of '68, were 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 151 

pained to observe a steady decline in his strength from year to 
year. Toward the close of his life he became quite feeble, so that 
he reached his room, on the second floor of the museum, with 
much difficulty, and was obliged to rest often on the way. He 
continued his work, however, almost to the time of his death, 
which occurred on Sunday, November 6, 1887, at his home, 
14 University Place. Funeral services were held at the house 
on the Tuesday following, the Rev. E. S. Lines, and his classmate 
and friend Professor Beckwith, officiating. 

Harger was an investigator, and his achievements were of such 
a character that a proper estimate of their value can be given 
only by those who were co-laborers with him in the same depart- 
ment. An account of his life and work by Professor S. I. Smith, 
for fifteen years his colleague and companion, and his most intimate 
friend, was printed in the American Journal of Science for May, 
1888. 

He was married. May 13, 1875, ^o Jessie Craig of New Haven. 

His published papers are included under fourteen titles. Sev- 
eral of these were contributions by him to articles written by 
Professor Smith, or Professor Verrill. 

Descriptions of new North American Myriapods. Brief contributions 
to zoology from the Museum of Yale College. No. XXIII. Anicr. 
Jour. Set., Ill, iv, pp. 117-121, pi. 2, August, 1872. 

On the sexes of Sphaeroma. Amer. Jour. Set., Ill, v, p. 314, April, 1873. 

[Isopoda, pp. 569-573, pU. 5, 6.] Catalogue of the marine invertebrate 
animals of the southern coast of New England, and adjacent waters. 
By A. E. Verrill, S. I. Smith, and Oscar Harger. Report U. S. Commis- 
sioner Fish and Fisheries, part I, pp. 295-778, pll. 1-38, 1874. 

Notice of a new fossil Spider from the Coal Measures of Illinois. 
Amcr. Jour. Sci., Ill, vii, pp. 219-223, figure, March, 1874. 

On a new genus of Asellidae. Amer. Jour. Sci., Ill, vii, pp. 601-602, 
June, 1874. 

Report on the dredgings in the region of St. George's Banks in 1872. 
By S. I. Smith and O. Harger. Trans. Conn. Acad., iii, pp. 1-57, pll. 1-8, 
August, 1874. 

[Descriptions of Asellus communis, Asellopsis, and Asellopsis tenax, pp. 
657-661, pi. I, figures 3, 4.] Crustacea of the fresh waters of the United 
States. By Sidney I. Smith. Report U. S. Commissioner Fish and 
Fisheries, part ii, pp. 637-665, pll. 1-3, 1874. 

Description of Mancasellus brachyurus, a new fresh water Isopod. 
Brief contributions to zoology from the Museum of Yale College. No. 
XXXVII. Amer. Jour, Sci., Ill, xi, pp. 304-305, April, 1876. 

Descriptions of new genera and species of Isopoda, from New England 
and adjacent regions. Brief contributions to zoology from the Museum 



152 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

of Yale College, No. XXXVIII. Amer. Jour. Sci., Ill, xv, pp. 373-379, 
May, 1878. 

[List of Isopoda, p. 6.] Preliminary check-list of the marine inverte- 
brata of the Atlantic coast, from Cape Cod to the Gulf of the St. Lawrence. 
By A. E. Verrill. New Haven, June, 1879. 

Notes on New England Isopoda. Proc. U. S. National Mus., ii, pp. 
157-165, November, 1879. 

Report on the marine Isopoda of New England and adjacent waters. 
Report U. S. Commissioner Fish and Fisheries, part vi, pp. 297-462, pU. 
I -13, 1880. 

[Isopoda, p. 450.] Preliminary notice of the Crustacea dredged, in 64 
to 325 fathoms off the south coast of New England, by the United States 
Fish Commission in 1880. By S. I. Smith. Proc, U. S. National Mus., 
iii, pp. 413-452, January, 1881. 

Report on the results of dredging, under the supervision of Alexander 
Agassiz, on the east coast of the United States, during the summer of 
1880, by the U. S. Coast Survey Steamer "Blake/* Commander J. R. 
Bartlett, U. S. N., commanding, XXIII. Report on the Isopoda. Bull. 
Mus. Comp. ZooL, xi. No. 4, pp. 91 -104, pll. 1-4, September, 1883. 

Mrs. Harger was a valuable assistant of her husband in much 
of his scholarly work. The following sketch is furnished by 
Miss M. Louise Greene: 

"Mr. Harger, at the time of his death, had just finished his work as 
the authority for the terms in palaeontology to be found in the Inter- 
national edition of Webster's Dictionary. Much of the revision for that 
edition was done in New Haven. Three weeks after Mr. Harger's death, 
Mrs. Harger joined the editorial staff for the cross-reference work. 
Some three years later, upon the completion of the revision, she refused 
an excellent offer of similar work because it would take her away from 
home. 

"Mrs. Harger had been a student at the Yale Art School, entering 
October i, 1880, and receiving, as was then the custom, her certificate 
upon completing the course, June i, 1883. She returned for graduate 
work during that and the following year. 

"At the close of the dictionary days, it was Mrs. Harger's desire to 
go abroad to complete her art studies, but her mother, then nearing 
seventy, felt herself too old for such a journey. Mrs. Harger gave up 
temporarily her wish, and entered the Yale Library. There, as she spoke 
German, read French, and in addition to her knowledge of botany and 
of Mr. Harger's subjects, knew also enough of Latin, Italian, Old French, 
Dutch, and even Scandivanian, for the cataloguing of books in these 
languages, she spent eighteen years of active service. Often she was 
called upon for fine penmanship and drawing, as in the copying of some 
old script or rare broadside. She had also done considerable genealogical 
work. She was happiest when historical or art books came to her to be 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES— GRADUATES 153 

catalogued. She thoroughly enjoyed the nature of her work, but found 
it very confining, and, as the years wore on, she missed more and more 
the freer outdoor life to which she had been earlier accustomed. 

"At no time did she wholly give up the art interest which had been 
hers from childhood. Vacations gave some opportunity for color work, 
and winter evenings a little time for black and white. She determined 
to hold herself in readiness to return to some field of art. When interest 
in the ivory miniature sprang up in America, she devoted every spare 
moment to perfecting herself in its technique. For a number of years 
she exhibited in the New Haven Paint and Clay Club — of which she 
was a member — ^both water-color and pastel work of excellence, as well 
as miniatures. That the latter were successively hung at the Annual 
Exhibition in New York of the American Society of Miniature Painters, 
with their exacting standards, speaks for her technique and excellence. 

"Leaving the Yale Library some four years before her death, Mrs. 
Harger devoted herself to miniature painting. Her greatest pleasure 
was in the spontaneous tributes to her skill in reproducing personality, 
faithful in line and character. 

"Comrade in his work and recreation, and, like him, brave, sunny, 
unflinching in her years of labor and undaunted in her year of peril, 
Jessie Craig Harger, widow of Oscar Harger, after months of severe 
and painful illness, died September 2, 1913, of malignant inflammation 
of the pancreas." 



Horace Adams Hicks 

Son of Horace P. and Susan (Adams) Hicks. 

Horace A. Hicks was born October 7, 1844, in Charlton, Mass. 
He came to college from Worcester, Mass., having been prepared 
at the Worcester High School. 

After graduation he went at once into business. For several 
years he was engaged in the manufacture of pianos in Boston, 
but in 189s he removed to Spencer, Mass., and established him- 
self there as a manufacturer of carriages, in which business 
he is still engaged. 

He was married in Spencer in 1873 to Mrs. Helen J. Caswell 
of Lisbon, Vt., and by this marriage had two children, one of 
whom died young. A daughter, Susan Hicks, is living with 
her father in Spencer. 

Mrs. Helen J. C. Hicks died June 26, 1881, and he was again 
married, April 8, 1888, to Josephine A. Green of Dorchester, 
Mass. 



THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 



Beach Hill 

Son of Edward and Cornelia (Beach) Hill. Edward Hill, his father, 
kept a well -equipped country store in Easton, Conn. He was a land sur- 
veyor, settled estates, and held about all the offices of a country town. 
He was known by the title of "Squire Hill." Though not a lawyer, he 
was a good judf;e of law and had a good library, kept in a room in his 
house called "The Office." People came at all hours of the day and 
night, even from long distances, to get his advice. He never had a law- 
suit of his own, but conducted cases in court for others and seemed to 
know how a case should be conducted in order to win. Mr. Hill was strict, 
but perfectly fair in the discipline of his children. A younger son had 
the habit of getting home late from school. The father said to him: 
"Young man, which would you prefer — to come straight home from school, 
or take a good whipping?" He answered: "I prefer a good whipping." 
The father did the job with a whip that had merit in it, and thereafter the 
son claimed the right to get home from school when he pleased, and his 
claim was allowed. 

Beach Hill was born at Easton, Conn., August 26, 1839. He 
was prepared for college at Easton Academy, entered with '63, 
and remained with that Class till the second term of Sophomore 
year. In 1862 he enlisted in the Twenty-third Connecticut 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 155 

Volunteer Infantry and served in Louisiana under General 
Banks till mustered out at the close of his term of service. He 
joined '68 in September, 1865. During the first term of Senior 
year he got leave of absence from college and opened an 
academy at Newtown, Conn., under unusually favorable cir- 
cumstances. At the opening of the winter term he employed 
a graduate of Yale, '67, to take charge of the school till 
July, returned to college and graduated with his class at 
Commencement. 

After graduation he again became Principal of the academy at 
Newtown, where he continued four years. During this period 
he was married. After two years more of teaching, this time 
at Easton Academy, he purchased a farm in Trumbull, Conn., 
with the idea of establishing a boarding and day school. After 
a few years of this experience, he rented his farm and taught 
six years as Principal of a select high school in Bridgeport. He 
greatly enjoyed the life of a teacher, and has prepared many 
boys for college. 

In a letter to the Stcretary dated February 10, 1913, he wrote: 

"I am living on my farm in Trumbull. My daughter Edith keeps house 
for me, and my son Wallace manages the farm. I often think that almost 
everybody has a call to come back to the land. If you seek the favor of 
Mother Earth in good earnest, she will respond with much comfort and 
blessing. 

"I belong to the Baptist Church in Stepney, and have charge of the 
Bible Class. I have been a teacher of the Bible in city or town for a 
great many years. My experience is that the Bible is to the wayfarer who 
seeks another and better country what the *old oaken bucket' on the 
farm used to be to the thirsty traveler." 

He was married at Stepney, Conn., February 3, 1869, to Mary 
Leavenworth, and has had four children : Ina, bom at Monroe, 
Conn., February 4, 1870, died August 4 of the same year; 
Edith May, bom March 25, 1873, at Long Hill; Bertha, bom 
December i, 1874, at Long Hill, died March 14, 1877; Wallace 
Leavenworth, born October 28, 1878, at Bridgeport. 

Wallace was married to Grace Frances Hall at Bridgeport, 
June 26, 1908, and has one son, Carroll Leavenworth, born July 
4, 1910, who is expecting to enter Yale somewhere about 1930. 

Mrs. Mary Leavenworth Hill died January 18, 1903. 



; CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 



♦James Winthrop Holcombe 

Eldest son of James Huggins and Emily Merrill (Johnson) Holcombe, 
and brother of John Marshall Holcombe (Yale College 1869). 

James W. Holcombe was bom in Hartford, Conn., February 3, 
1846. He was prepared for college at the Hartford Grammar 
School, and spent Freshman year at Trinity College, entering 
the Class of '68 at Yale in September, 1865. 

For two years after graduation he was private tutor to young 
men preparing for college, at the same time devoting considerable 
attention to German and French and translating for the press 
from both languages. September 2, 1871, he started on a tour 
around the world, passing through China, India, Egypt, the Holy 
Land, Turkey, Greece, Italy, and other parts of Europe, and 
returning home in the summer of 1872. The academical year 
1873-74 was spent in study at the University of Leipsic, and 
from this time till his death he lived in Europe, occupied with 
artistic and literary pursuits. From 1879 to 1889 he spent most 
of the time in Italy, making, however, several journeys to Eng- 
land and various parts of the Continent. Until 1886 his resi- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 157 

dence was on the island of Capri, and after that date at Naples. 
From 1889 to 1899 he resided in England, France and Spain. 
The last ten years of his life (1899-1909) he spent mostly on 
the island of Capri. 

In 1886 at London and in 1887 ^^ Florence, he received medals 
for artistic work. Of his magazine articles the following are 
especially worthy of mention : 

''Campanian Originalities," a series of letters from Naples for the 
Hartford Times, 

"Description of the Eighteen-hundredth Anniversary of the Destruction 
of Pompeii," an illustrated article for Harper's Weekly. 

"Arrival at Naples of Professor Nordenskiold's ship Vega from her 
Arctic voyage," another illustrated article for the same paper. 

"The Model Performances of German Dramatic Stars," for the New 
York Dramatic Magazine. 

"Description of Street-life at Naples" (illustrated), for the London 
Graphic. 

He also published: 

"Baden," translated from the German, and "In search of the Cast- 
aways," translated from the French. 

James W. Holcombe died of pneumonia at Capri, June 26, 
1909, at the age of sixty-three years. 



Henry Freeman Homes 

Son of Henry A. Homes (B.A. Amherst 1830; M.A. Yale 1834; LL.D. 
Columbia 1873) and Anna Whiting (Heath) Homes. 

In response to the class Secretary's request for some informa- 
tion as to his ancestors. Homes writes as follows: 

"My father was a direct descendant of Rev. William Homes and of 
Josiah Franklin the father of Benjamin Franklin. William Homes 
received the degree of M. A. from the University of Edinburgh in 1693 and 
came to America in 17 14 and was settled in Massachusetts. 

"Capt. Robert Homes, his son, married in 1716 Mary Franklin, a sister 
of Benjamin Franklin. The latter in his autobiography and letters makes 
frequent mention of Captain Homes and his wife. My father's first 
maternal ancestor in this country was Samuel Freeman, who came from 
England in 1630, and his descendants Enoch Freeman and Judge Samuel 



158 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Freeman were very prominent and public- spirited citizens of Portland, 

"My father was a missionary in Turkey, from 1836 to 1851, when he 
became Charge d'Affaifes of the U. S. at Constantinople. From 1854 
to the time of his death. Nov. 3, 1887, he was Librarian of the New York 
State Library at Albany, N. Y. While a divinity student at Yale, my 
father had rooms with Noah Porter, late President of Vale College, on 
the corner of Chapel and Temple Streets. 

'"My mother was a direct descendant of Nathaniel Whiting, who came 
from Lincolnshire. England, in 1638 and received a grant of land in Lynn, 
Mass. 



"'Colonel Daniel Whiting of the third generation was born in 1732. He 
served in the French and Colonial wars and did valiant service through- 
ont the Revolutionary War, receiving high commendation from General La 
Fayette. My mother's mother was a descendant of Ebeneier Newell, 
who came from Oxfordshire, England, to Dedbam, Mass., before 1690. 
My mother's paternal grandfather was Ebene?er Heath, born 176s. and 
his estate in Brookline, Mass.. is still occupied by his descendants. Her 
earliest paternal ancestor in this country was William Heath, who came 
from England in 1632. He was the ancestor of Major General William 
Heath, a prominent officer in the Revolutionary War." 

Henry F. Homes was bom April 20, 1847, in Constantinople, 
Turkey, and was prepared for college at the Albany Academy. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES— GRADUATES I59 

After graduation, from October, 1868, until January, 1871, he 
was employed in the New York State Insurance Department at 
Albany, N. Y. From 1871 to 1878 he was a Consulting Actuary 
in New York City. In 1879 he was graduated at the Columbia 
College Law School, and has since been in the practice of law, 
first in Albany, where he remained till 1885, and since then con- 
tinuously in New York City. 



*Edward Frederick Hopke 

Son of Eide F. and Anna C. (Von Essen) Hopke. Both parents came 
from Hannover, Germany, and after a residence of a few years in New 
York City removed to Hastings, Westchester County, N. Y. 

Edward F. Hopke was born October 29, 1846, in New York 
City, and was prepared for college at the Commercial and 
Collegiate Institute, Yonkers, N. Y. 

After graduation he studied one year in the New York Uni- 
versity Law School, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Laws 
there in 1869, and began at once the practice of law in New York 
City. In 1874 he formed a partnership with a law school class- 



l6o THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

mate, Thomas L, Henry, afterwards District Judge of New 
Jersey, under the firm name of Henry & Hopke, but this part- 
nership was dissolved after a short time. He was also associated 
in the practice of law with Mr. Cornelius Hoffman and Mr. 
William Van Hosen. 

While a law student in New York he joined the state militia 
and rose to the rank of Adjutant of the Fifth Regiment, which 
was called out by Governor Hoffman and did active service in 
quelling the riot in New York City in 1871. 

In the spring of i88o, on account of ill health and brighter 
business prospects, he went to the Hawaiian Islands, where for 
six years he was the successful manager of a large sugar planta- 
tion, when, hoping for larger returns, he went to the Samoan 
Islands. This venture proved a failure, and he returned to the 
United States and located in Oakland, Cal., where he was 
engaged in business for several years. He subsequently removed 
to San Francisco, and, in company with a younger brother, 
established Dye and Chemical Works, in the management of 
which they had unusual success. 

In his last letter to the Secretary, he wrote : 

''I am glad to be able to state that my health is now good, and that 
business prospects are likewise bright. I fully expect to come East again 
some day, and fondly hope to have the great privilege of meeting once 
more surviving friends and classmates." 

This hope was never realized. He died suddenly, of pneu- 
monia, at San Francisco, December 30, 1904, at the age of 
fifty-eight years, and was buried by the side of his brother in 
Cypress Lawn Cemetery, San Mateo, Cal. 



Robert Allen Hume 

Son of Rev. Robert W. Hume (Union College 1834) and Hannah D. 
(Sackett) Hume, and brother of Rev. Edward S. Hume (Yale College 
1870) . 

Robert A. Hume was born in Bombay, India, March 18, 1847. 
He came to America in 1855, resided several years at Springfield, 
Mass., and completed his preparation for college at Williston 
Seminary. 



BIOGKAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES lol 

He won prizes in Composition and Declamation in Sophomore 
year, and in Debate during each of the four college years ; grad- 
uated with Phi Beta Kappa rank, and was speaker at Junior 
Exhibition and Commencement ; was editor of the Yale Couranl, 
represented Brothers as Orator at the "Statement of Facts" in 
our Senior year, and was awarded the Qarke Scholarship at 
graduation. 

After graduating at Yale, he taught one year in General Rus- 
sell's Military School, New Haven ; studied two years in the Yale 



Theological Seminary; taught one year at the Edwards Place 
School, Stockbridge, Mass. ; studied one year at the Theological 
Seminary at Andover, where he was graduated in 1873 ; and then 
taught another year in New Haven. 

May ID, 1874, he was ordained for the missionary work in 
India, in New Haven, at the Third Congregational Church. 
President Woolsey preached the sermon, on "The Probability 
of the Spread of Christianity over all the World." On August 11 
of the same year he sailed to join the Maratha Mission, with 
which he has been connected for forty years. His work has been 
largely in connection with the Ahmednagar Theological Seminary, 



1 62 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

for which, at first as Dean and later as President, he has had the 
main responsibility. He has also been Superintendent of a large 
district in which are several schools and churches. He has edited 
the Anglo-Marathi weekly newspaper named the Dnyanodaya 
(The Rise of Knowledge), besides doing general evangelistic 
work, mainly through the medium of the Marathi language. 

In 1885 Hume returned to America for a year's vacation, which 
was prolonged to two by the Prudential Committee of the Ameri- 
can Board, in consequence of a few harmless words in an after- 
dinner speech at the Andover Conmiencement in 1886. While the 
Prudential Committee were occupied with the "Hume Contro- 
versy," Hume himself was doing good work for the cause of 
missions, in America. He labored unceasingly among the 
churches and theological seminaries in the New England, Middle 
and Western States, endeavoring to awaken increased and more 
intelligent missionary interest and consecration. In June, 1887, 
he was sent back to India. The Theological Seminary, which 
was closed when he came to America in 1885, was reopened, and 
he took up again the work of training native pastors and teachers, 
in which he had before been engaged. 

In May, 1893, he returned again to the United States for a 
furlough. He was present at the quarter-century meeting of 
the Class, and made an address at the Alumni Meeting on June 
26. After a year in this country, he resumed his work in India. 
He came home also on furlough in 1904, and again in 1910. 

He has been very happy in his missionary work at Ahmed- 
nagar, one hundred and fifty miles east of Bombay. Though his 
most important work was as President of a Theological Seminary, 
yet a great deal of miscellaneous work came to him as senior 
missionary in a station where, according to the government census, 
six per cent, of the population of the city were members of his 
mission. In the decade from 1891 to 1901 the Christian com- 
munity of this immediate vicinity grew from less than 7,000 to 
over 20,000, that is, two hundred per cent. ; and he had to build 
a church to seat thirteen hundred in the city, because such accom- 
modation was absolutely necessary. 

In the sad famine of 1899- 1900, he succeeded his brother 
Edward as Chairman of the largest famine fund from America, 
and Secretary of the second largest American famine fund, and 
in general they helped to administer about one million dollars. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 1 63 

His services were recognized by the British Government, he being 
decorated with the Kaiser-i-Hind gold medal in the name of the 
Queen, for public service. 

Yale conferred on him the degree of Doctor of Divinity in 
1895. 

He has published in English various pamphlets, among which 
are : "Is Christianity True ?" ; "Theosophy" ; "Relief for Native 
Christians Married in Childhood"; "Christianity Tested by 
Reason" ; "Marriage and Divorce : How to make the ideas and 
customs of marriage among Indian Christians conform more and 
more to the Christian Standard." Also articles on the "Mission- 
ary Work in India," in the Missionary Herald, 1878-88, numerous 
articles in other religious papers in America, and sundry tracts in 
Marathi. He translated from the English into Marathi : 

"The Ecclesiastical Polity of the New Testament." 

The F. H. Revell Company has published for him: 

. "Missions from the Modem Point of View," one chapter of which has 
recently been reprinted as a booklet entitled "How Gangaram Became 
Acquainted with God." 

"An Interpretation of India's Religious History," a course of lectures 
given in many universities and theological seminaries during his stay in 
America in 1910-11. 

In a brief farewell letter to his many friends at the close of his 
last furlough, he wrote, under date of April 22, 1911 : 

"Since July, 1910, I have been in the United States, on my fourth fur- 
lough. Soon I shall return to India for a fifth period of service. 

"I did not feel the need of rest, and therefore have not taken it during 
this furlough. I have tried to do three things — ^to grow, to serve, and to 
earn money for my children's education. Intercourse with many strong 
men and women, and attending exercises in educational institutions and 
conferences have afforded means of growth. I have had fine opportuni- 
ties to serve. Thus far I have spoken in many leading churches, theo- 
logical seminaries, universities, colleges, and conferences. I have a 
record of two hundred and nine formal addresses. By July fifth, when 
I sail from San Francisco, this number will be materially increased. I 
have been enabled to earn a good amount for the education of my 
children. 

"I am grateful for the opportunities enjoyed, for helpful intercourse, 
and for courtesies to my family and to myself. I hope to return to 
America in about seven years. I go back to India in good health, and 



l64 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

with a profound conviction of the greatness and urgency of missionary 
work in that marvelous country. I rejoice that churches and leaders in 
the world have a growing understanding of the importance and value of 
Missions. 

"With gratitude to my Father and my friends, I go joyfully and hope- 
fully to my beloved land and work." 

He was married in New Haven, July 7, 1874, to Abbie Lyon 
Burgess, by whom he had four children, born at Ahmednagar: 
Ruth Peabody, June 2, 1875; Robert Ernest, March 20, 1877; 
and Hannah, March 11, 1878. A son, Alfred Penfield, bom 
October 5, 1879, died May 6 of the following year. 

His wife, Abbie Burgess Hume, died July 25, 1881, and he was 
again married, at Ahmednagar, September 7, 1887, to Katie Fair- 
bank, daughter of Dr. Samuel Fairbank of the same Mission, and 
has had by this marriage four children: Wilson McClaughry, 
born May 9, 1888; Walter Fairbank, born March 15, 1890; Henry 
Woods, born November 15, 1895; Mary Ballantine, born Sep- 
tember I, 1897. 

His daughter, Ruth Peabody, was graduated from Wellesley in 
1897, studied medicine at the Woman's Medical College in Phila- 
delphia, and took her degree there in 1902. She went to India 
in 1903, and since then has been the physician in charge of the 
Woman's Hospital of the American Board Mission, in Ahmed- 
nagar. 

Robert Ernest was graduated from Yale College in 1898, 
received from Yale the degrees of M.A. in 1900 and Ph.D. in 1901, 
was graduated from Union Theological Seminary in 1904, and in 
October, 1907, became a Missionary and Professor in the Theo- 
logical Seminary at Ahmednagar, India. He was soon trans- 
ferred to Bombay, where for several years he has been editor of 
the English portion of the Mission paper for which his grand- 
fathers, father, and uncle, had done so much. In November, 
1913, he was elected to the Marcellus Hartley Professorship of 
the Philosophy and History of Religion and Missions in the 
Union Theological Seminary and arrived in New York to enter 
upon his work there, April i, 1914. He was married on March 
15, 1907, at Milltown, New Brunswick, to Laura Caswell, 
daughter of William Thomas Caswell of that place, and has two 
sons, both born in India: Robert Caswell, April 17, 1908, and 
Edward Putnam, July 14, 191 1. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 1 65 

Hannah was graduated from Wellesley in 1900, and assisted 
her aunt, Miss Sarah Hume, in the City Mission work of New 
Haven for about two years. October i, 1903, she was married in 
New Haven to Rev. Theodore Storrs Lee, and went with him to 
the American Mission at Satara, Western India. Mr. and Mrs. 
Lee had two children bom in India: Grace, October 24, 1906; 
Theodore Hume, April 15, 1910. Mr. Lee died in 1911 in the 
Presbyterian Hospital in New York City. In 1912 Mrs. Lee 
returned with her two little children to her work in Satara. 

Wilson McQaughry was graduated from Yale College in 1909, 
and during the following year was connected with the Young 
Men's Christian Association work in Cambridge, Mass. From 
1910 to 1913 he was Educational Secretary of the Young Men's 
Christian Association in New Britain, Conn. August 20, 1913, 
he was married in New Britain to Elizabeth Cathcart. He is now 
connected with the Young Men's Christian Association work in 
India, being stationed at Lahore, Punjab, North India. 

Walter Fairbank was graduated from the Sheffield Scientific 
School in 191 2 and is studying in the Medical School of Columbia 
University, with the purpose of becoming a Medical Missionary. 

Henry Woods is a student in Yale College, in the Class of 1916. 



Jonathan Ingersoll 

Son of Hon. Charles A. Ingersoll (M.A. Yale College 1827), Judge of 
the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut, and 
of Henrietta (Sidell) Ingersoll, and brother of Charles D. Ingersoll (Yale 
College 1864) and Thomas C. Ingersoll (Yale College 1865). 

Jonathan Ingersoll was born in New Haven, April 23, 1848, 
and was prepared for Yale at General Russell's Collegiate and 
Commercial Institute. 

After leaving college he spent a year in the Law School at 
Albany, N. Y., graduating in 1869, and began immediately the 
practice of law in New Haven. From May, 1873, to December, 
1874, he was Executive Secretary of the State of Connecticut. 
He was Assistant Clerk of the Superior Court for New Haven 
County from 1875 till 1882, and Clerk of the same Court from 
1882 till 1888. From June, 1870, to January, 1872, he was mem- 
ber of the Court of Common Council of the City of New Haven. 



l66 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

He removed from New Haven in 1889, and went to the Pacific 
coast. In 1899 he entered the service of the Southern Pacific 
Railroad at Los Angeles, California. From 1902 until 1910 he 
was in charge of the Advertising Department at Los Angeles, 
and is now chief of the Accounting Department of the Los 
Angeles office of that road. 

He was married (i) in Albany, N. Y., to Grace King Skinner, 
October 6, 1870; (2) in New York, March 16, 1889, to Alice 



M. Anderson. He has had five children : Anne, bom Novem- 
ber 22, 1871, died September 19, 1872; Charles Anthony, bom 
January 21, 1873, in New Haven ; Henrietta, bom August 3, 1874, 
at Ridgefield, Conn.; Jonathan, Jr., bom Febmary 5, 1876, at 
New Haven; and Randolph, born September 6, 1893, in 
Orange, N. J. 

Charles Anthony was graduated from the Sheffield Scientific 
School in 1893, and is employed as mechanical engineer by the 
Winchester Repeating Arms Company of New Haven. He was 
married, July 8, 1903, to Susan Goodwin Moody of New Haven, 
and has two children, Thomas C. Ingersoll and Grace IngersoU. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 167 

Henrietta married Thomas McDonough Russell, son of Samuel 
Russell of Middletown, Conn., and resides in that city. 

Jonathan, Jr., was graduated from the Sheffield Scientific 
School in 1896, and is Secretary and Treasurer of the Mines 
Finance Company of New York City. 

Randolph is manager of the branch office of the Los Angeles 
Times. 



♦Edward Alexander Lawrence 

Son of Rev. Professor Edward A. Lawrence (Dartmouth College 
1S34), of the Theoli^cal Seminary at East Windsor Hill (now the 
Hartford Theolc^ical Seminary), and of Margaret (Woods) Lawrence. 

Edward A. Lawrence, our classmate, was born January 16, 
1847, at Marblehead, Mass., and was prepared for Yale at 
Phillips Academy, Andover. 

He won the Runk Scholarship in Freshman year, was awarded 
prizes in Composition and Debate, was one of the speakers at 
Junior Exhibition and Commencement, and was graduated with 
High Oration rank in scholarship. 



t68 the class of 1868, yale college 

After leaving college, he spent one year at Princeton Theo- 
logical Seminary. In the spring of 1869 he went to Germany, 
and was two years in the Theological Department of the Uni- 
versity at Halle and one year in the University at Berlin. From 
January until July, 1873, he was Tutor in German in Yale 
College. 

He preached at Champlain, N. Y., for about two years, and 
in September, 1875, was settled over the Congregational Church 
at Poughkeepsie, N. Y. In November, 1883, leaving Pough- 
keepsie, he accepted a call to the pastorate of Plymouth Church, 
Syracuse, N. Y., where he remained until March, 1885. Then, 
resigning his pulpit, he started on a mission tour around the 
world, visiting Japan, China, India and Turkey, and returning 
to America in December, 1887. In 1888 he delivered a course 
of ten mission lectures at Andover Seminary, on the "Hyde 
Foundation." Various mission articles from his pen were pub- 
lished in the Andover Review for 1887 and 1888, and in different 
religious and secular papers. 

In the fall of the years 1891 and 1892 he delivered two courses, 
of six lectures each, on "Modem Missions in the East," before 
the Yale Divinity School; and in the spring of 1892 six of the 
same lectures were given at Beloit College, Wis. In this year 
the degree of D.D. was conferred upon him by Beloit. 

After supplying the pulpit of the Presbyterian Church at Sing 
Sing, N. Y., for one year from May, 1888, he accepted a call in 
May, 1889, from the first Congregational Church in Baltimore, 
Md., where he remained until his death, on November 10, 1893. 

His last illness was brief. His health had always been unusu- 
ally good, and a week before his death he had no symptoms of 
disease. He complained of slight indisposition on Sunday, 
November 5, but no one anticipated any serious result. On 
Tuesday his physician became anxious about him and called in 
another physician for consultation, who, recognizing the serious 
nature of his disease, advised that he be taken at once to the 
hospital. A surgical operation was performed, which revealed 
a stage of appendicitis so advanced as to preclude the slightest 
hope. He died on Friday morning at nine o'clock. 

His principal strength during his pastorate in Baltimore 
seemed to lie in his ability to organize and direct the social and 
charitable work of his people. Whoever had a plan of work in 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 169 

these lines was sure to carry it to him, and was also sure to 
come away with many helpful suggestions and the assurance of 
his cordial assistance. In portions of the city where his sym- 
pathies often led him, there were many Germans, and his fluent 
use of their language gave him large influence among them. He 
went into their homes and talked freely and easily with them, 
thus making an opening, himself, into which he could wisely 
direct the eflforts of those wishing to take up the work after him. 
Rev. M. D. Babcock said at his funeral: 

"Dr. Lawrence was a man of marvelous balance, a man of grace and 
of a logical mind. He was a man in whom the playfulness of child- 
hood blended with logic, all in harmony. He was a friend, tender, 
responsive, receptive; his smile will always be to me a beautiful memory. 
This man of faith said at the funeral of his father: *This is not a home 
of mourning, though mourners are here; this is not the house of death, 
though death is here. He lives.' " 

Rawson wrote in a private letter soon after his death : 

''Lawrence was a man of wide and catholic tastes and of unusual cul- 
ture. He told me that before he went to Germany he was determined 
to acquire the language so thoroughly that he might be able to preach 
in German without notes. Since graduation I have met him from time 
to time. He visited me on board the Minnesota when that large ship 
poked her bow up the Hudson as far as Poughkeepsie. He was then 
living opposite the town, like Montaigne, in the tower of a house sit- 
uated on a high bluff above the river. For extra professional reading he 
was enjoying ' 'Jcvon's Logic of Science.' Later, when I was at the 
Naval Academy, he came down to Annapolis to deliver a lecture before 
St. John's College on Athanasius — a very creditable effort. 

"I have thought of him as having had an ambition to fit himself for 
any position which the exigencies of his profession might demand. His 
missionary tour around the world is evidence of this. His settlement 
alone among the poor of Baltimore in the tenement districts is additional 
confirmation of unusual and sanctified ambitions. 

"He was a near neighbor to me, Baltimore being only an hour's run 
from Washington. I saw less of him than I hoped or desired. But I 
knew he was there, and I miss him. As a class, I think we have reason 
to be proud of him, his manliness, his culture, his unselftshness, his 
success." 

The life of our classmate has been delicately and lovingly 
portrayed in a memorial volume, "Reminiscences of Edward A. 
Lawrence, Jr., by his Mother, Margaret Woods Lawrence." 517 
pp. Published by the Fleming H. Revell Company in 1900. 



! CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 



Frank Bradley Lewis 

Son of George T. and Mary (Bradley) Lewis, was born July 
25, 1844, in the township of Fairfield, Conn., in the district that 
is called Greenfield, about two miles northeast of Greenfield Hill. 
The family removed to Bridgeport when he was quite young, and 
he received his preparation for college in part at the private 
school of the Rev. G. B. Day in that city, and in part at Fairfield 
Academy, Herkimer Co., N, Y., then one of the best of the old 
New York State academies. His chief classical instructor was 
Albert B. Watkins, a graduate of Amherst. 

After graduation he taught for two years at St. Mark's School, 
Southboro, Mass., afterwards attended the Berkeley Divinity 
School at Middletown, Conn., and then served as assistant min- 
ister at Meriden, Conn. In May, 1872, he became Rector of St. 
Paul's Church, Brookfield, Conn. From January, 1873, till June, 
1879, he was Principal of Oxford Academy, Oxford, N. Y., when 
he resigned and went to the Rocky Mountain region as a home 
missionary. 

August 2, 1879, he located in Bozeman, Montana, where he 
still resides, having been engaged in frontier missionary work for 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 171 

more than a third of a century. For many years he had charge of 
the religious work in towns situated one hundred and fifty miles 
apart, and was responsible for two counties each larger than the 
State of Connecticut. In 1894, in addition to the care of his 
church in Bozeman, he had charge of the church in Livingston, 
twenty-five miles east, and his work was still spread over two very 
large counties. In Bozeman he had a very comfortable rectory, 
a stone church, the finest in the state, and a good congregation of 
earnest helpers in all lines of Christian work. 

He has been a member of the Bozeman Board of Education 
for nearly twenty-five years, and is now its Secretary. 

February 28, 191 1, he wrote: 

"There is not much to add about my work. I am still in charge of 
the work which I assumed here thirty-two years ago. So far as I know, 
I have been longer in one place than any other clergyman in Montana. 
We have a good church property and a fair congregation. I have also 
three missions, now nearer home than those I had charge of seventeen 
years ago, all being in Gallatin County. I am Secretary of the Diocese 
of Montana, and have been one of the two Examining Chaplains for 
more than twenty-five years. I have been Grand Prelate of the Grand 
Commandery of Knights Templars of Montana for twelve years. 

"I bought a farm of two hundred and twenty-five acres last year in this 
county, and as I am sixty-seven years old this summer and think I am 
entitled to a little rest in my old age, I expect to retire into the country 
before long/' 

He resigned from his pastorate over St. James July i, 191 1, and 
withdrew to his farm, but on account of the accidental death of 
his son-in-law two months later, he sold his farm and moved back 
to the city, where he and Mrs. Lewis are now living with their 
daughter. He has recently taken charge of some missions in the 
valley at Belgrade and Manhattan, but will continue to reside in 
Bozeman. 

He was married to Georgia F. Ambler, June 7, 1871, and has 
had five children: Arthur Franklin, bom February 29, 1872, at 
Meriden, Conn.; Giles Deshon, bom June 8, 1873, at Oxford, 
died of scarlet fever in the fall of 1879, at Bozeman; Alice 
Elizabeth, bom June 20, 1875, at Oxford ; Mary Curtis, born June 
4, 1878, at Oxford; and Eleanor Birdseye, born in Bozeman 
March 15, 1889, died October 5 of the same year. 

Arthur Franklin Lewis was the first of the sons of *68 to enter 
Yale, where he was graduated as Bachelor of Arts in 1892. He 



172 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Studied theology at the General Theological Seminary, New York 
City, receiving his degree in 1896, and is Rector of St. John's 
Church in North Haven, Conn. He was married June 2, 1896, 
in Bridgeport, Conn., to Edith Raynor Thompson, and has a son, 
George Birdseye Lewis, bom in Bozeman, September 20, 1897. 

Alice Elizabeth was married in 1902 to Irenaeus K. Wisner, 
and has three children, bom in Bozeman : Frank Bradley, April 
II, 1906; Arthur Whitney, November 29, 1907; Mary Kneeland, 
November 15, 191 1. Mr. Wisner met an accidental death at 
the farm in August, 191 1. 



*George Henry Lewis 

Son of George and Lucy P. (Gager) Lewis. His ancestors were among 
the original settlers of Farmington, Conn. His parents died when he was 
quite young, and he was brought up by relatives. 

George H. Lewis was bom in New Britain, Conn., September 
6, 1842. At the close of the seminary year 1861-62, he left 
Williston Seminary, where he was preparing for Yale, and 
enlisted in Company F, Fourteenth Connecticut Volunteers. 
The regiment was ordered to Washington in August, and 
although undisciplined and inexperienced was engaged in the 
battle of Antietam, September 17, where it suffered severely. 
In this engagement Lewis was wounded in the left shoulder. 
After nearly three months in the hospitals at Washington and 
Alexandria, he rejoined the regiment at Falmouth, December 6. 
A week later, December 13, 1862, occurred the disastrous battle 
of Fredericksburg, in which the Fourteenth Connecticut Regi- 
ment lost nearly one-third of its number. Here Lewis received 
a severe wound, from which he never fully recovered. He was 
discharged in October, 1863, returned to Williston, and completed 
his preparation for college. 

In college Lewis showed great ability as a writer and speaker. 
He won prizes in Debate in each college year; also prizes in 
Sophomore Declamation and in Senior Composition. In Senior 
year he was awarded a Townsend Premium, and divided the 
DeForest Prize in Oratory with Beckwith. 

After graduation at Yale, he was employed as teacher for 
one year at Bran ford, Conn., and for two years in Iowa College, 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES GRADUATES 173 

at Grinnell, Iowa. His training at Yale led him to take especial 
interest in debating and speaking at Grinnell, and the Lewis 
Literary Society is still a memorial to his services in that insti- 
tution. In July, 1871, he resigned his position at Grinnell and 
removed to Des Moines, which he made his permanent home. He 
lived forty-two years in that city and almost forty in the same 
house. He was admitted to the Bar in Des Moines in October, 
1872, soon became a prominent lawyer, and was Dean and Man- 



ager of the Law School in connection with Drake University at 
Des Moines from its organization till 1886, when he resigned 
to devote himself wholly to business. In April, 1886, he became 
President and Manager of the Lewis Investment Company, 
which negotiated real estate loans and dealt in municipal bonds. 
This company suffered severely in the panic of 1893. Shortly 
after, a private firm for loans and insurance was oi^anized under 
the firm name of George H. & E. L. Lewis. Since the death of 
Mr. Lewis the business has been continued by Mrs. E. L. Lewis, 
the surviving partner, at 415 Chestnut Street. 



174 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

He made a special study of railroad problems and published : 

"National Consolidation of the Railways of the United States," 350 
pp., Dodd, Mead & Co., 1893. 

This work was favorably noticed by most of the prominent 
papers in the country. All did not, of course, agree with the 
author, but nearly all regarded the book as an important con- 
tribution to the discussion of the railway problem. Ex-Governor 
William Larrabee of Iowa, the author of "The Railroad Ques- 
tion," considered Mr. Lewis's book the best presentation of the 
problem that had yet appeared, and Senator Chauncey M. Depew 
wrote to Mr. Lewis that his book was the fairest to all parties 
concerned that had yet come to his notice. Lewis also published 
several articles on railway subjects, among which are the follow- 
ing, which appeared first in the Chicago Railway Review and 
afterwards were issued in pamphlet form : 

"Government Control and Ownership of Railways," March, 1891. 

"The Railway Problem : a Review of Chairman A. B. Stickney's Book," 
May, 1891. 

"National Ownership of the Consolidated Railways of the United 
States," August, 1891. 

"Public or Private Control of Railways," February, 1892. 

Lewis was several times President of the Commercial Club, 
which he helped to organize. He did not aspire to hold any 
political office, but he was elected Alderman on an independent 
ticket in 1884, and again in 1885. He was deeply interested in 
Plymouth Congregational Church, of which he was senior 
Deacon, and had great influence in shaping its history. He was 
Chairman of the General Committee for the construction of the 
new church building, one of the finest in the West and costing 
$120,000, and delivered an address on behalf of the Committee 
at the meeting of the State Association of Congregational 
Ministers held in the church when it was dedicated in May, 1902. 
The same year he read a paper on "The Attitude of Men of 
Affairs toward the Church" before the Grinnell Association of 
Congregational Ministers. He published also a number of 
articles on religious subjects in the magazines. 

In 1879-80 he was dangerously ill, and for many weeks was 
not expected to recover, and for nearly six months did not see 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 175 

the inside of his office. For the next twenty-five or thirty years 
his health was as firm as ever. In December, 1909, he fell com- 
ing down the stone steps at his home and injured the knee 
in which he was wounded at Fredericksburg, and was compelled 
to go back again to crutches, using the same pair which he used 
during his first two years at Yale. For thirty years before this 
accident he had been able to discard crutches and walk with a 
single cane. 

He was married August 27, 1869, to Elmina Elizabeth Buell 
of Sherburne, N. Y., by whom he had three children, bom at 
Des Moines : Anna Newton, August 6, 1873, now Field Secre- 
tary of the Sunday School Association, with headquarters at 
Provo, Utah; Henry Buell, October 18, 1874, now Vice- 
President of the Baird-Taylor-Craw ford-Lewis Company of 
Des Moines ; Lucy Gager, September 12, 1876, wife of Dr. Erwin 
Schenk. Mrs. Elmina Buell Lewis died in May, 1896, and he 
was again married December 5, 1898, to Emma Estina Lorimer, 
by whom he had twin daughters, bom October 7, 1900, Martha 
Estine and Mary Louise. 

Mr. Lewis died of cardiac asthma at his home, 415 Chestnut 
Street, Des Moines, on Sunday, March 16, 1913, at the age of 
seventy years. Funeral services were held on Wednesday after- 
noon at Plymouth Church. 

Among the many tributes to his worth were the following: 

"The career of George H. Lewis, who passed away at his home in this 
city yesterday morning, discloses a splendid type of the useful citizen. 
Mr. Lewis could maintain a deep and intelligent interest in all public 
affairs without engendering any personal passion for public office. He was 
a soldier of the Civil War, and he felt and lived true patriotism. He was 
a college man and was an able defender of the higher education. He 
was a lawyer and he made it a lifelong study how to apply the sound 
principles of the law in promoting the cause of good government. He ^ 
believed in the church, and the church learned to depend upon him not 
only for material aid but for the wise counsel which he was always able 
and willing to give." — The Des Moines Capital, March 17, 1913. 

"Des Moines will miss the cultured face and kindly voice of George H. 
Lewis. Mr. Lewis was typical of the men Kew England contributed to 
the new West. Of liberal attainments himself, he had the New England 
zeal to secure liberal attainments for others. He stood for leadership 
in education, in the church, in city building. In his forty years in Des 
Moines he made a definite impress on the growth and character of the 
city." — The Des Moines Evening Tribune, March 17, 1913. 



THE CLASS OF IO68, YALE COLLEGE 



John Lewis 

Son of Warren and Maria (Phelps) Lewis. On the paternal side he 
was descended in the cigtilh generation from George Lewis, who landed 
at Plymoulh in 1630, and on both his father's and his mother's side in 
the fourth generation from Aaron Phelps, who was graduated from Vale 
College in 1758. 

John Lewis was bom in Suffield, Conn., June 22, 1842, and 
was prepared for college at the Connecticut Literary Institution 
in his native town. In 1862 he enUsted in the Twenty-second 
Connecticut Volunteers, and served nearly a year in Virginia. 

In college he was awarded prizes in Declamation (first prize) 
and in Composition (second prize in Sophomore year and first 
in Senior year) ; won four prizes in Debate (third in Freshman 
year, second in Sophomore and Junior years, and first in Senior 
year) ; had Philosophical Oration rank in scholarship; was one 
of the speakers at Junior Exhibition ; and was one of the editors 
of the Yale Literary Magazine. 

For a year after graduation he taught in the Hartford High 
School, and was admitted to the Bar in the latter city in March, 
1870. He delivered the Historical Address at the celebration 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 177 

of the Bicentennial Anniversary of the settlement of the town 
of Suffield, Wednesday, October 12, 1870. In January, 1871, 
he went to Chicago and was an assistant in the City Law Depart- 
ment until December, 1873, when he became a member of the 
law firm of Tuley, Stiles & Lewis, succeeded in 1879 by Stiles & 
Lewis. The latter firm continued until 1891, when Lewis 
retired from active practice. Since then he has been engaged 
mostly in legal writing. He brought out a series of books 
entitled "American Railroad and Corporation Reports." Volume 
I of the series was published in 1890, and Volume XII, com- 
pleting the series, in 1896. E. B. Myers & Company of Chicago 
were the publishers. In 1888 he published a work on which he 
had been engaged for fourteen years, "The Law of Eminent 
Domain"; a second edition of the same, in two volumes, was 
published in 1900, and a third edition in 1909. This work was 
issued by Callagham & Company, Chicago. 

He has resided since 1873 at Oak Park, which adjoins Chicago 
on the west. He was Treasurer and Trustee of his town from 
1879 to 1881, and again for the year 1898-99, and was President 
of the town in 1899-1900. He has been a library Trustee since 
1883. He is also Trustee of Unity Church and President of 
the Oak Park Historical Society. 

In 1909 he wrote to the Secretary : 

"It sometimes seems as if I had not much to show for my sixty-seven 
years of life. I have lived in a quiet way, in a quiet town ; but the quiet 
town is quiet no longer. From a community of less than a thousand when 
I came here in 1873, it has grown to number more than twenty thousand 
souls. We did not have a separate municipality of Oak Park until 1902. 
Prior to that time we were a part of the larger town of Cicero, and we 
had a long and weary struggle extending over some fifteen or twenty 
years to get ourselves set off as a distinct municipality." 

In his address at the laying of the comer-stone of the new 
Oak Park Municipal Building on Saturday, November 14, 1903, 
Mr. Jesse A. Baldwin said : 

"The evolution of this village, with its high ideals, has been gradual; 
not at every step of the way has the end been distinctly in view; but 
for the past ten years its accomplishment has been the deliberate purpose 
of many of our earnest citizens. To this end the columns of our news- 
papers have been used ; our various church clubs and other similar organ- 
izations have spent entire evenings in the discussion of the matters 
12 



178 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

involved; clergymen, tradesmen, physicians, mechanics, teachers, lawyers, 
t>ankers, — all, all have had a part. For months at a time it has been the 
all-absorbing topic in our community. 

"Though many causes and many persons have actively contributed to 
produce our present municipal condition, it is a matter of common knowl- 
edge that the efforts of one man in his private and official life have 
contributed more to that end than those of any other person. Why need 
I wait till he is dead and past the possibility of knowing how highly he 
is esteemed, to thus publicly recognize our indebtedness to him? You all 
know him — Mr. John Lewis." 

Referring to this tribute to our classmate, the editor of Oak 
Leaves, on November 20, made the following editorial comment : 

"There was no feature of the corner-stone laying last Saturday that was 
more pleasing to the citizens of Oak Park than the tribute which Mr. 
Jesse A. Baldwin paid to Mr. John Lewis, as the man to whom, more 
than to any other, we owe our village government. Mr. Lewis's labors 
in behalf of the Oak Park public have been through many channels, but 
none have been more effective than the services which he gave when hold- 
ing the office of Supervisor, and then of President of the town of Cicero, 
in 1898, 1899^ and 1900. 

"Mr. Lewis, against his own political and financial interest as an office- 
holder of the old town, cast his influence for a separate government for 
Oak Park. His career in public office has been marked by a degree of 
unselfishness and probity that is rarely found in American political life." 

He was married, July 27, 1868, to Adelaide E. Harmon, of 
Suffield, by whom he had three children : Warren Harmon, bom 
at Suffield, June 17, 1870; John Gurdon, born at Chicago, 
December 10, 1872; Helen Adelaide, bom at Oak Park, June 
16, 1876. Mrs. Lewis died April 21, 1881. He was again 
married July 6, 1882, to Isadel H. Read of Bloomington, 111., 
by whom he has had two sons: Read, bom May 19, 1887, and 
Harmon, born October 30, 1888. 

Dr. Warren Harmon Lewis, the '68 Class Boy, was prepared 
for college at the Chicago Manual Training School and was 
graduated as Bachelor of Science at the University of Michigan 
in 1894. After serving two years as Assistant in Zoology at 
that university, he entered Johns Hopkins Medical School, where 
he was graduated in 1900. He has since taught Anatomy at 
Johns Hopkins, as Assistant till 1904, when he was promoted to 
an Associate Professorship. In 191 3 he was appointed Pro- 
fessor of Physiological Anatomy. His publications along ana- 



BICXSRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 1 79 

tomical lines consist of about twenty-five papers. He is one of 
the editors of the Anatomical Record, and has been for several 
years on the research staff of the Marine Biological Laboratory 
at Wood's Hole. He was married May 23, 1910, at Cedar Lawn, 
Govans, Maryland, to Margaret A. Reed, daughter of Mr. 
Joseph C. Reed of Meyersdale, Pa., and has a daughter, Margaret 
N. Lewis, bom in Baltimore, August 20, 191 1, and a son, War- 
ren Reed Lewis, bom in Baltimore, December 28, 1912. Mrs. 
Lewis, before her marriage, was Instructor in Zoology and Physi- 
ology at Barnard College. Professor and Mrs. Lewis have 
aroused much public interest by their success in growing various 
tissues from embryos outside the living organisms in solutions or 
media of known chemical constitution. They have cultivated in 
this manner nerves, heart, liver, spleen, intestine, and other tis- 
sues, and are still actively at work. 

John Gurdon Lewis (M.E. University of Michigan 1897) has 
resided in Detroit since 1901, where he has been connected with 
the Detroit Screw Works as Superintendent and otherwise. He 
is now General Superintendent of the Standard Screw Com- 
pany, which has factories at Chicago, Detroit, Elyria, Hartford 
and Worcester, and Factory Manager of the Detroit Screw 
Works. He was married to Margaret Lloyd Philip of Hill- 
side, Wis., June 26, 1902, and has one child, Philip Gurdon 
Lewis, bom February 22, 1906. Mrs. Margaret Philip Lewis, 
wife of John Gurdon Lewis, died February 27, 1912. 

Helen Adelaide was married to Frank E. Banks of Lawrence, 
Kans., on May 22, 1901, and resides in that city. 

Read was graduated as Bachelor of Arts from the University 
of Wisconsin in 1909, spent one year in graduate work at 
Columbia, and is now (1914) taking the law course in the latter 
university, where he expects to take his degree in June. 

Harmon was graduated as Bachelor of Arts from the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin in 191 1 and continued graduate work at 
the same institution in geology and kindred subjects. In 191 2 
he went to Brazil for two years as geologist for an iron and 
steel company. 



THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 



William Alexander Linn 

Son of Dr. Alexander Linn (Union CoUeRe 1831) and Julia (Vibbert) 
Linn, daughter of Horace Vibbert. His great- grandparents were Joseph 
Linn, born in 1725, and Martha Kirkpatrick, born in 1723. They were 
Scotch (Linn being Scotch for waterfall). The Kirkpalricks came from 
Wattie's Neach, Dumfriesshire, Scotland. His great- grandpa rents came to 
America in 1736. landing at New Castle. Del., and settling near Basking 
Ridge, N. J, His grandfather, John Linn, was born in Warren County, 
N. J., December 3, 1763. In the Revolutionary War he joined Captain 
Manning's Sussex County Troop, as a private, and became Sergeant. 
After the war he read law. He was elected to the Slate Assembly in 
1803, and the next year to the Council, as the Senate was then called. 
In 1810 he was elected by the Legislature a Judge of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, holding the office four terms. He was Sheriff of Sussex 
County in iSia, and was elected to Congress in i8iq, holding his seat 
until his death in Washington in January, 1824. He married Martha Hunt 
in 1791, and by her had fourteen children, of whom Dr. Alexander Linn 
was the eighth. 

William A. Linn was bom in Deckertown (now Sussex), N. J., 
September 4, 1846, and was prepared for college at Phillips 
Academy, Andovcr. He delivered the Thanksgiving Jubilee 
Oration in our Sophomore year, and represented the class on 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES l8l 

the Thanksgiving Jubilee Committee in our Senior year; was 
Secretary of the First University Baseball Association at Yale; 
won first prize in Sophomore Composition; was an editor of 
the Yale Literary Magazine, one of the three Class Historians, 
and the Class Poet. 

In August, 1868, he went to New York, entered his name in 
a law office, and at the same time began looking for a situation 
in journalism. After applying in vain at the Times and Sun 
offices, he went to the Tribune, where he stumbled across John 
Russell Young, the managing editor, and told him what he 
wanted. Mr. Young said they sometimes "gave young men a 
chance," and introduced him to the city editor, who told him to 
"come around" the next day. He "went round," but was told 
there was no assignment for him that day. He kept this up 
for about a week, with the same result, when he again sought 
Mr. Young and told him of his poor success. Mr. Young again 
told the city editor to give the new-comer a chance, and he then 
got his first assigptiment — to make an index of Mr. Greeley's 
"Busy Life" from the author's notes. As he could read only 
about one word in five, he made slow work of it. Next he was 
set to work making "political notes" from newspaper clippings 
(during the first Grant campaigpti). From this time he got 
occasional assignments as a reporter, making on an average 
about ten dollars a week. On New Year's night, 1869, on reach- 
ing the office he found a note appointing him assistant city editor, 
his duty being to prepare the reporters' copy for the press as it 
was turned in. This was night work, keeping him up until 
2.30 A. M., and compelling him when the car tracks were blocked 
with snow, to break a path up Broadway at that hour. On May 
13, 1869, the managing editor assigned him to the editorship 
of the weekly and semi-weekly editions, "as an expression of 
my confidence in your efficiency, industry and fidelity." In 
December, 1869, the then managing editor, Whitelaw Reid, 
wrote him: "The weekly has been greatly improved, and we 
have to thank you in large part for it." On September i, 1870, 
he was appointed to the night editorship of the daily Tribune. 
The duties of the weekly desk were pleasant, except that they 
required the holder of it to sit up, three nights in the week, 
until the daily was out, in order to use its type. The irregular 
hours told somewhat on his health, and in this way the new 



1 82 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

assignment was an improvement, although it was considered the 
hardest position on the paper. In December, 1870, the managing 
editor wrote him: "Your work as night editor has proved 
cleaner, more thoroughly tasteful and every way satisfactory 
than I expected, and my expectations were by no means low." 
He kept this position till November, 1871, when he resigned to 
accept the city editorship of the New York Evening Post, thus 
emerging from night to daylight. In July, 1872, he was offered 
the editorship of the Troy (N. Y.) Morning Whig, with the 
privilege of purchasing an interest in the paper. He remained 
in Troy until May, 1873, working night and day, with incompe- 
tent assistance (with one exception). Finding that the paper 
had no financial standing, and that it would take more capital 
than he could command to put it on a paying basis, he resigned 
and returned to the city. He was at once offered the position 
of news and superintending editor on the Evening Post, with 
which paper he remained twenty-six years, becoming its man- 
aging editor in October, 1891. He continued to hold the position 
of managing editor of the Evening Post until April, 1900, when 
his resignation as a member of the staff, tendered the previous 
December, was accepted. Long years of wearing and continuous 
labor, with little real rest, had aggravated his indigestion and 
worn on his nerves until he was warned by his physician that 
he must have rest. When finally his resignation was accepted, 
the trustees of the paper presented to him a silver loving cup, 
with the following resolutions: 

"The trustees of the Evening: Post Publishing Company accept with 
sincere regret the resignation of Mr. William A, Linn, managing editor, 
necessitated by ill health. They desire to place on record their appreci- 
ation of his nineteen years of punctual and capable service under the 
present ownership of the paper, following more than a decade of like 
service under the former regime. His loyalty has been conspicuous amid 
many examples to the contrary, and without regard to personal remu- 
neration or advantage. His editorial writing has been forcible and effective, 
and always on a high plane. His character for integrity and independent 
principle has commanded the respect of his employers and associates, who 
lose in him, before all, a man. The trustees assure him of their grate- 
ful esteem and their best wishes for his early restoration to health and 
usefulness." 

His associates on the editorial staff presented to him, engrossed 
and signed in autograph, the following testimonial : 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 1 83 

"Dear Mr. Linn: 

Your associates on the staff of the Evening Post desire to testify their 
extreme regret that the state of your health has compelled you to resign 
your position as managing editor. They wish also to express their regard 
and admiration for your long, faithful and invaluable service to the 
paper, and for your splendid record as one of the ablest of American 
journalists. You are the senior of all of us but one, in point of service, 
on the Evening Post, and you have richly earned the many years of 
quiet and rest which we trust now await you. The honors due to a 
long career of usefulness and to a character without stain, will always 
surround you in our estimation. We wish you long life, health and pros- 
perity, and shall watch your future career with the deepest interest in 
whatever field your remarkable activity may make itself felt." 

The exacting duties of his journalistic positions gave him little 
time or energy for outside work. He contributed an article on 
"Italian Music Boys" to the Galaxy in 1869; ^" article on 
"District Telegraph Boys" to St. Nicholas; and two articles 
on Building and Loan Associations to Scribne/s Magazine (in 
June, 1889, and May, 1890), since published in book form in 
"Homes in City and Country." Besides these, he contributed 
short anonymous articles to the Atlantic Monthly and to Harper^s 
Young People, and a series of hunting sketches to The Country, 
a weekly paper. He was also for many years the New York 
correspondent of the Philadelphia Telegraph and the Boston 
Transcript, 

During the later years of his connection with the Evening Post 
Linn had been collecting material for a history of Mormonism, 
and had been instrumental in securing for the New York Public 
Library an unique collection of works on the subject, for the 
purchase of which Miss Helen Gould contributed two thousand 
five hundred dollars. He at once began work on his "Story of 
the Mormons" as soon as he had left the Evening Post, and 
had the manuscript ready for the publishers (the Macmillan 
Company) in the autumn of 1901, and the book was published 
in June, 1902. In the summer of 1902 he wrote "Rob and his 
Gun," a book for boys, giving an account of his own hunting 
experiences, and this was published by Scribner's in September 
of that year. Later in the same year he undertook a biography 
of Horace Greeley for Appleton's "Series of Historic Lives," 
and this was published in March, 1903. Since giving up journal- 
ism, he has contributed to editorial pages of the Evening Post 
and the Times's Literary Supplement, and to some periodicals. 



184 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

Since 1875 he has been a resident of Hackensack, N. J. He 
was the President of the Bergen County Republican Club for a 
year or two, until Blaine was nominated, when he became a 
Mugwump. He assisted in forming the Hackensack Mutual 
Building and Loan Association in 1887, and was its first Presi- 
dent. He was in 1890 and 1891 Vice-President of the Building 
and Loan Association League of New Jersey. He has been a 
Director of the Hackensack Hall and Armory Association, a 
Trustee of the Hackensack Golf Club, and Secretary of the 
Hackensack Investment Association, a corporation dealing in 
real estate. 

In 1900 the Governor of New Jersey appointed him a member 
of the Commission authorized by the Legislature to devise means 
to preserve the Palisades. This Commission secured the passage 
of the law (by the Legislatures of New Jersey and New York) 
under which the Palisades Interstate Park Commission was 
established, and he was appointed by the Governors of the two 
states a member of the original Commission and was reappointed 
for five years in the spring of 1903 and again reappointed. This 
Commission has stopped the destruction of the Palisades and 
will soon have title to the whole front. 

He has continued to hold the office of President of the Hack- 
ensack Mutual Building and Loan Association, which now has 
assets of over $1,600,000, has never made a loss, and has not 
a dollar's worth of real estate among its assets. This record 
is said to be unique among such associations. He has been a 
Trustee of the Johnson Public Library of Hackensack since its 
organization in 1901. 

In the spring of 1903 a state bank with a capital of $75,000 
was organized in Hackensack, and the presidency was tendered 
to Linn and accepted by him. He writes : 

"I would have been glad to continue my literary work, which the crit- 
ics have received with a good deal of favor. But *serious literature/ 
like history and biography, does not bring a large remuneration to the 
author, and I decided to drop the pen and go into banking, with the idea 
that, if the bank is a success, it will keep me out of the poorhouse in 
my later years, and if it is not, it will get me settled there the sooner." 

The bank has proved a great success, and is now the largest 
"bank in Bergen County, with a capital, surplus and undivided 
profits of $350,000 and deposits of $2,700,000. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 1 85 

In 1910, he, with other directors of the Peoples National Bank, 
organized the First National Bank of Ridgefield Park, N. J., 
three miles from Hackensack, and has been its president since 
that time. This bank is also a success, and has recently moved 
into a handsome building which it has erected for its own 
business. 

In 189s he purchased a farm of one hundred and seventy-two 
acres in the mountain region of Sussex County, N. J., where he 
set out three thousand peach trees and a large apple orchard, 
and where he had a dairy of between thirty and forty cows. 
He continues to own this farm, which was a source of some 
levity at the reunion in 1898, makes it yield over eight per cent, 
on the investment, and is satisfied that farming intelligently and 
liberally conducted "pays." 

On July II, 1912, Linn resigned his membership in the Pali- 
sades Interstate Park Commission, having served as a member 
of this commission since its organization. To his letter of 
resignation. Governor Dix replied : 

"It is a source of much regret to me that you are to sever your con- 
nection with that important Commission. The service that you are per- 
forming for the benefit of future generations in your efforts to provide, 
preserve and protect some of the most beautiful scenery of the world, 
located in this Park, is commendable, and I feel that in your superior 
qualifications for that important service the State is losing one of its 
most valued servants in your resignation." 

He was for a year a member of the Executive Committee of 
the Yale Alumni Association of New York and is a member of 
the Authors' Club of that city. He studied law in 1882 and 1883 
with Vamukn, and was admitted to the Bar of New York in 
March, 1883, but has never practiced. 

He was married January 31, 1871, in New York City, to Miss 
M. A. Martin. Mrs. Linn died March 5, 1897, of acute brain 
trouble. 



*Donald MacGregor 

Youngest child of James and Christiana (MacMartin) MacGregor. His 
mother was daughter of Judge Duncan MacMartin of Broadalbin, N. Y., 
and granddaughter of Duncan MacMartin, who was at the head of the 
Latin School in Albany at the close of the last century. 



l86 THE CLASS OF IO68, YALE COLLEGE 

Donald MacGregor was born in Utica, N. Y., November 30, 
1844, and entered college from Brooklyn, N. Y., having been 
prepared at Albany Academy. 

After leaving Yale he studied theology at Princeton, graduat- 
ing there in 1871. He was installed pastor of the Park Presby- 
terian Church, Troy, N. Y., in 1872, and continued in charge of 
that church until his death. No better proof of the success of 
his ministry is needed than the fact that his pastorate extended 
over a period of nearly thirty-eight years. 



He died of apoplexy on Wednesday, May 11, 1910, in Water- 
vliet (formerly West Troy), at the residence of Mr, Frederick 
W. Orr, with whom he had resided for thirty-five years. The 
funeral services were held on the following Saturday in the 
church of which he was pastor. Interment was in the Albany 
Rural Cemetery. 

A short time before his death, he wrote to the Secretary; 

"Mine has been a very quiet life and a very small work, judfted by 
common standards. My books are written only in human lives and hearts. 
I should reluctantly compare my humble life with the more successful 
lives of many of my classmates, and yet I am confident that it has not 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 1 87 

been wasted. I seem to have one distinguishing quality only, that is, 
'patient continuance.' I am still preaching in the church in which I was 
ordained in 1872. The best word about my work is that we are hold- 
ing our own against difficulties." 

The following estimate is from the Troy Daily Press of 
May 1 1 : 

"He was a scholarly man and a great Bible student, well versed in 
theology. His sermons showed depth of thought, and he was able to 
preach the truths of the Scriptures in a convincing manner. He took 
a prominent part in the meetings of the Troy Presbytery, and his voice 
was always raised in favor of any movement that would advance the 
cause of his church and religion generally. He was also greatly interested 
in the weak and struggling churches of the Presbytery. Particularly, he 
gave a great deal of time to the organization of the Armenian Presby- 
terian Church in this city, and its successful installation is due in a large 
measure to him." 

Mr. Frederick W. Orr wrote on August ii, 1910, regarding 
his life and work : 

"In addition to the work in his church, Mr. MacGregor devoted con- 
siderable time and labor in aiding the Armenians, who were being 
attracted to Troy by its collar industry, to learn our language and to 
obtain religious instruction. He finally succeeded in establishing an 
Armenian Presbyterian Church under care of a pastor and in the erec- 
tion of a church building, earning thereby the name of The Father of 
the Armenian Church of Troy.* 

"The course of his pastorate ran very smoothly throughout its entire 
length. By well-directed and indefatigable toil, he kept life in a church 
whose inevitable demise from natural causes was a foregone conclusion, 
owing to the abandonment by Protestants to Roman Catholics of the 
territory in which his church was situated. Although for the last fifteen 
years of his life he was far from being in good health, still he was always 
in his pulpit on the Sabbath. I have known him to be so ill on Satur- 
day that he could hardly be about, but on Sunday he would rise superior 
to bodily infirmities, and from sheer force of will power perform the 
duties of the day. 

"He never committed any of his work to print. During the thirty-five 
years of our living together, I never knew him to write a single sermon. 
He carried into the pulpit only a single sheet of note paper on which was 
written merely the heads of hi« discourse. His sermons and lectures were 
always interesting and full of suggestive thought, and he had a very attrac- 
tive way of presenting his subjects. Had he been selfishly ambitious, 
he could have written his name well up on the scroll of fame. His only 
ambition was to merit his Master's commendation. 



l88 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

"I will close with the words uttered at the first meeting of his church 
after his death, which may throw some additional light upon the estima- 
tion in which he was held by his people: 'We venerate the day that 

Donald MacGregor came into our lives.'" 



William Allison McKinney 

Son of Edward McKinney and Marcia M. (Phillips) McKinney, and 
brother of Edward P. McKinney (Vale College 1861). His father was 
born at Binghamton, N. Y.. in 1806, and was the son of Jacob McKinney, 
one of the earliest settlers of the place. Jacob McKinney was the fourth 
in descent from John McKinney, who came to Boston from the Isle of 
Skye in 1668 and settled near what is now Scarborough, Maine. Marcia 
M. McKinney, the mother of William A., was the daughter of John Phil- 
lips of Exeter, N. Y., the third John in descent from Jcrfin Phillips of 
Cambridge, Mass. 

William A. McKinney was born August 31, 1845, at Tod- 
town, just out of Cooperstown, N. Y. He received his prep- 
aration for college in part at the Susquehanna Seminary in 
Binghamton, and later at Phillips Academy, Andover, where he 
graduated in 1863. He entered Yale that fall in the Class of 
'67, but at the close of Freshman year left the class for the 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 1 89 

army, and joined his brother, of the Class of '6i, who had been 
appointed by President Lincoln Commissary of Subsistence. 
McKinney was made clerk in the Commissary Department, and 
was attached to headquarters of the Second Brigade of the First 
Cavalry Division of the Army of the Potomac, under General 
Merritt. He reached the front in the summer of 1864, and was 
with this cavalry division during the operations of General 
Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley. Returning after the close 
of the war, he joined *68 at the beginning of Sophomore year. 

He was interested in boating; was stroke of the Vanma gig 
crew in Junior year and of the '68 gig crew in Senior year. He 
also gave special attention to writing and speaking; won prizes 
in Composition and Debate; was President of Linonia in the 
third term of Senior year; was an editor of the Yale Literary 
Magazine; was one of the six competitors for the DeForest 
Prize in Oratory, and one of the speakers at Commencement. 

Immediately after Presentation Day, he became the Assistant 
Editor of the Norwich Bulletin of Norwich, Conn., which was 
then edited by William H. W. Campbell of Yale 1856. In 1869 
he became Associate Editor of the Hartford Evening Post, then 
under the editorship of the late Isaac H. Bromley. The following 
year he entered Columbia College Law School, under Professor 
Dwight, graduated in the summer of 1871, and opened an office 
in Binghamton. That year he was appointed Secretary of the 
New York State Council of Political Reform, but continued his 
practice of law in Binghamton until he was prostrated with a 
severe attack of typhoid fever in the autumn of 1872. While 
convalescing, he went to Europe for a short stay, and then 
returned, with health completely restored, to his office in Bing- 
hamton, where he has remained in practice ever since. His 
office is now at 540 Security Mutual Building, and his residence 
at 187 Court Street. 

He was married at Syracuse, N. Y., May 8, 1880, to Mary E. 
Niven, daughter of the late Robert J. Niven, Esq., and has had 
two children: Elisabeth Niven, born at Binghamton, June 8, 
1881, died July 20, 1882; and Charlotte Niven, born November 
12, 1886, at Binghamton. 

Charlotte Niven was married at Binghamton, Tuesday, Octo- 
ber 28, 1913, to Dr. Louis Watson Alston, and resides at 15 
Thirty-sixth Street, East, Savannah, Ga. 



THE CLASS OF IBOS, YALE COLLEGE 



George Manierre, Jr. 

Son of Hon. George Manierre, Sr, a lawyer, who was born in New 
London, Conn., July 15, 1817, came to Chicago in 1835. and died in the 
latter city May 21, 1863. He was elected in 1855 and i86t Judge of the 
Seventh Judicial Circuit of the State of Illinois. He was one of the 
organizers of the Law Institute and Library, of Lincoln Park, the Chi- 
cago Historical Society, the Republican Party, the Young Men's Asso- 
ciation (afterwards the present Public Library), of the Anti-Slavery 
movement, and of the Union Defense Committee at the beginning of the 
Civil War. His death was deemed a public calamity. The Court House 
was draped in mourning, as were all public offices, and all the City 
Courts, both State and Federal, adjourned out of respect to his memory. 
The members of the Chicago Bar in a body, all the officers of the Courts, 
the Mayor and Common Council, and other prominent men were at his 
funeral, and the body was escorted through the streets amid the tolling 
of the City bells. He was a descendant of Louis Manierre, who settled 
in New London, Conn., in 17S5, and whose ancestor came from 
Normandy to this country with a colony of Huguenots in t68o; the sur- 
name "Manierre," variously spelled, being derived by appointment from 
Royalty to coin money of the Realm. He was also a lineal descendant 
on the female side of Lieutenant Thomas Miner, one of the early set- 
tlers who bore a conspicuous part in the settlement of both New London 
and Stonington, Conn., prior to his death in 169a 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 191 

His mother, Ann (Hamilton) Manierre, was born in Glasgow, Scotland, 
October 23, 1823, and was a daughter of Hon. William Reid, barrister, of 
that city, whose ancestor, from his estate of Kilbryd, fought with his 
tenants at the battle of Bothwell Bridge, June 22, 1679, under the flag 
**For God, King and Covenants." She was married in Detroit in 1842, and 
died in Chicago, June 8, 1900. 

George Manierre, Jr., was born in Chicago, February 5, 1845. 
He was prepared for college at Lake Forest Academy (1859-63), 
and was for three years a member of '68. In Freshman year 
he was 4th Lieutenant and in Sophomore year 3d Lieutenant 
of the Varuna Boat Club. In Sophomore year he represented 
the class on the Thanksgiving Jubilee Committee, and in Junior 
year he was a member of the Spoon Committee. 

He received the degree of B.L. from Columbia Law School, 
New York City, in 1869. In recognition of his studies in English 
and of his public services as a citizen, the degree of Master of 
Arts, with enrollment in the Class of '68, was conferred on him 
by Yale University June 28, 1893. 

He has been in the real estate business since 1870. On Feb- 
ruary I, 1886, he fofmed a partnership with Henry Dibblee (who 
died December 19, 1907) under the firm name of Dibblee & 
Manierre, real estate. He is a Life Trustee of the Field Museum 
of Natural History in Chicago, elected January 22, 1894, and on 
June 8, 1908, was elected "Patron for eminent services to the 
Field Museum of Natural History." He is a Life Trustee of 
the Newberry Library of Chicago, elected December 5, 1899. 
He is also a member of the Chicago Club, the Mid-Day Club, 
the Saddle & Cycle Club, and the Chicago Historical Society, 
and is a governing member of the Art Institute. He has col- 
lected a large library of readable books in Standard Literature, 
early Voyages and Travels, and early American History. 

On February 9, 1876, he was married to Ann Eliza Edgerton 
of Fort Wayne, Ind., who was bom in Hicksville, Ohio, 
June 4, 1849, educated at the Farmington School in Connect- 
icut (1863-67), and is a member of the Colonial Dames of 
America. She was a daughter of Hon. Alfred P. Edgerton, 
descendant of Richard Edgerton, Original Proprietor, Norwich, 
Conn., 1659, and a lineal descendant on the female side of 
Lieutenant William Pratt, one of the early settlers who bore 
a conspicuous part in the settlement of Hartford and Saybrook, 



192 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Conn., prior to his death in 1678, and of Charlotte (Dixon) 
Edgerton, who was born in New London, Conn., June i, 1816, 
and died in Hicksville, Ohio, January 21, 1891. Alfred P. 
Edgerton was born in Plattsburg, N. Y., January 11, 1813, and 
died in Hicksville, Ohio, May 14, 1897. He was a prominent 
pioneer in Northwestern Ohio, was engaged in real estate, canal, 
railroads, and gas works, was a Congressman and Independent 
Democratic nominee for Vice-President of the United States in 
1872, with Charles 0*Conor for President. 

Mr. and Mrs. Manierre have had four children : 

Alfred Edgerton, born August 13, 1878; graduated from Yale 
College in 1902, and took a graduate course in architecture at 
Illinois State University; is by profession an architect; was 
married March 20, 1907, to June G. Parkinson of Chicago, 
who was born April 16, 1881. Their daughter, Barbara Drake, 
was born in Chicago, August 24, 1908. 

Louis, born September 23, 1879; graduated from Yale College 
in 1901 and from Northwestern University Law School in 1904; 
is in the real estate business with the firm of Dibblee & Manierre, 
Chicago. 

Arthur, born April 29, 1881 ; graduated from Yale College in 
1903; served apprenticeship in Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railroad Company's car shops at Havelock, Neb., and was 
subsequently engaged in the manufacturing business in Chicago ; 
was married December 20, 1906, to Eleanor Mason, daughter 
of Henry B. Mason, Yale College 1870. She was bom December 
17, 1883, and was graduated from Bryn Mawr College in 1905. 
Arthur Manierre died in Henrotin Memorial Hospital, October 7, 
1912, after a surgical operation. He and his partner were the 
inventors of a Hermetic Seal for milk and other bottles and 
of the machinery for making it. He was in active charge of 
the business of making and supplying this product to dairies 
throughout the United States. 

Francis Edgerton, born May 16, 1884; graduated from Yale 
College in 1907; was Secretary of the Chicago Real Estate 
Board 1912-1913; is a member of the Executive Council of the 
Legislative Voters League; is in the real estate business with 
the firm of Dibblee & Manierre, Chicago. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 




*Charles Clark Marsh 



Son of Augustus and Rebecca (Clark) Marsh, was bom Sep- 
tember 1!, 1847, in Jersey City, N. J., and was prepared for college 
at the Jersey City Grammar School. He came to college from 
New York City. 

After leaving Yale he spent about six months in Europe, and 
on his return went into business in New York City. In 1871 he 
became a member of the firm of Augustus Marsh & Company, 
wholesale grocers, with which he remained till 1883, when he with- 
drew for the purpose of engaging in banking, forming with 
Charles W. Durant, Jr., and Joseph W. Collins the firm of Durant, 
Marsh & Company. The firm afterwards became C. C. Marsh 
& Company. 

He was married in New York City, April 12, 1877, to Emma 
Maria Rees, and had two sons: Arthur Rees, bora July 20, 1879; 
Douglass, born May 19, 1886. 

Charles C. Marsh died of Bright's disease, after a very brief 
illness, on November 27, 1890, in New York City. 



THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 



*Edward Spencer Mead 

Son of E. M. Mead and Elizabeth (Hoe) >Tead, was born in 
Brooklyn. N. Y., January lo, 1847, and was prepared for college 
at the Collegiate School, 71 West Fourteenth Street, \ew York 
City. 

Entering Yale at seventeen, Mead was one of the younger mem- 
bers of the class. He was a quiet, unassuming, gentlemanly 
youth, and few of his classmates at first appreciated the brave 
and manly spirit which actuated him, A favorite nephew of 
Richard Hoe, the famous inventor and manufacturer of the great 
Hoe Power Press, he was called in a short time to leave the class 
for some months to care for a son of Mr. Hoe, whose health 
required a sojourn in a milder climate. His absence on this 
regretted but pleasant duty was one reason why for a considerable 
time Mead was but little known among his classmates generally. 
Returning to Yale, he was of course under great disadvantages; 
yet taking up his task courageously, he soon attained a good rank 
as a student. His sterhng qualities of heart and mind quickly 
endeared him to all who had the good fortune to be associated 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 1 95 

with him intimately. He was ever true and sincere, and, as a 
natural corollary, brave and high-spirited. 

Soon after graduation he entered into partnership with Frank 
H. Dodd, in the business of book publishing, in which he .was 
engaged at the time of his death, as one of the members of the 
house of Dodd, Mead & Company. Assuming quietly the duties 
and burdens of active life, Mead soon developed excellent business 
ability, as well as fine literary taste. 

During a residence for a considerable time in France, aided 
by much study, he acquired an excellent knowledge of the best 
and purest French literature and a fine command of the language. 
Several admirable translations of French works were prepared by 
him and issued under a nom de plume. No better testimony to 
the purity of his character, as well as the high quality of his liter- 
ary taste, can be given than is shown in the selection of these 
works. They are admirable in artistic merit and in the moral 
tone pervading them. Much other literary work of a high char- 
acter was performed by him, but such was his modesty that few 
outside of his most intimate friends knew that it was the product 
of his pen. 

The amount and character of the work done by Mead is 
remarkable, especially in view of the fact that for many years, 
almost for his entire life of adult manhood, he was in feeble health, 
and much of the time a confirmed invalid. 

In May, 1870, he was married to Susie Abbott, daughter of the 
famous author, John S. C. Abbott. 

Edward S. Mead died at Southampton, L. L, January 10, 1894. 



David MacGregor Means 

Son# of Rev. James Means (Bowdoin College 1833) and Elizabeth 
Phebe Means. His father was a well-known teacher, and was for several 
years Principal of Lawrence Academy at Groton, Mass. When the Civil 
War broke out, he accepted an appointment as hospital chaplain at 
Newbern, N. C. He had always been interested in the negro slaves, and 
when thousands of them came into the Union lines he was made Super- 
intendent of Freedmen, with rank of Captain. This was a position for 
which he was especially well fitted. The work of caring for so many 
freedmen was overwhelming, and he broke down under the burden and 
died at Newbern, April 6, 1863, at the age of fifty years. 



196 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

David MacG. Means was born in Groton, Mass., May i. 1847. 
When he came to college the family residence was at Andover, 
Mass., and he was prepared at Philhps Academy. 

In College he gave special attention to writing. He had 
articles in the Yale Literary Ma^^asitte, and was the author of 
the "Tragedy of Antigone" presented at the Wooden Spoon 
Exhibition. 

After graduation he taught one year at Lawrenceville. N. J., 
one year in Phillips Academy, Andover. and one year at Wolcott- 



ville. Conn. He then spent one year in study in Germany, and 
two at the Theolc^ical Seminary at Andover, In September, 
1874, he became connected with tlie Theological Seminary 
in New Haven, giving also special attention to the study 
of political science. During the winter term of 1875 he 
was Instructor of the Sophomore Class in Latin in Yale Col- 
lege. The following year he was appointed to one of the Fellow- 
ships at Johns Hopkins University. In 1877 he was made 
Professor of Political Science at Middlebury College, Vt., where 
he remained till the close of the college year in 1880, when he 
removed to New York City and began practice as a lawyer. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 197 

For many years he wrote reviews of books and editorials for the 
Nation and Evening Post, and contributed articles to various 
magazines. He has published three books, the first under the 
assumed name of Henry Champemowne : 

"The Boss, an Essay upon the Art of Governing American Cities." New 

York. George H. Richmond. 1894. 
"Industrial Freedom, with an Introduction by Hon. David A. Wells." 

New York. D. Appleton & Co. 1897. 
"The Methods of Taxation compared with the Established Principles of 

Justice." New York. Dodd, Mead & Co. 1909. 

In 1898-99 Means gave a course of eig^ht lectures on Govern- 
ment before the Lowell Institute, and in 191 1 he gave another 
course at Colorado College. Professor Lawrence Lowell, now 
President of Harvard University, was so well pleased with "The 
Boss" that he used it in his classes at Harvard, and "The 
ilethods of Taxation" is used as a text-book at Princeton. 

In 1912 he received the degree of L.H.D. from Hobart College. 
Since 1894 his summer home has been at Middlebury, Vt., and 
that is his permanent address. He is a member of the Century 
Association in New York, and in winter may usually be addressed 
there. In 1905 and 1906 he traveled in Europe with his family. 

He was married in Philadelphia, April 5, 1877, to Laura Haven, 
and has two daughters: Margaret Appleton, bom May 30, 1887, 
at Summit, N. J. ; and Elinor Haven, bom November 12, 1888, 
at the same place. They were graduated at the Kent Place School 
there in 1905, and at Smith College in 1910. 



Elisha Wright Miller 

Son of Charles Eliott and Emily (Clark) Miller, and brother of Eliott 
Saunders Miller (Yale College 1873), Hiram Allen Miller (Sheffield 
Scientific School 1876) and Charles Miller (Yale College 1879), and 
cousin of George Douglas Miller (Yale College 1870). The family is of 
English origin. Two brothers settled in Springfield, Mass. Descendants 
of one removed to Middlebury, Vt, and later to Williston, Vt., where 
Charles Eliott Miller, father of our classmate, was born, June 15, 1808. 
His mother, Emily Clark, daughter of Wright Clark, was born at 
Royalton, Vt., July 7, 1821. The Clark family was from Connecticut 
stock. 

Elisha W. Miller was born in Williston, Vt., October 29, 1845, 
and was prepared for college at Williston Academy in that town. 



igS THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

From September, i86,^, to April, 1864. he was a member of '67. 
He joined the Class of '68 in May, 1865. He was awarded first 
prizes in Mathematics in Freshman, Sophomore and Senior years, 
a Clarke Premium for the solution of problems in Practical 
Astronomy in Senior year, first prize in Senior Composition, and 
second prize in Senior Debate. He had Philosophical rank in 
scholarship, presented a Poem at Junior Exhibition, was a Com- 
mencement speaker and one of the six Townsend speakers for the 
DeForest Gold Medal. 



During the first year after graduation he taught in Stamford 
and in Danielson, Conn., and then became a student at the Yale 
Theological Seminary, where he was graduated in May, 1872. 

He was ordained as a Congregational minister at Hersey, Mich., 
October 23, 1873, During the twelve years succeeding his grad- 
uation from the Theological Seminary, he served as pastor of 
Congregational churches at the following places : South Royalton, 
Vt, 1872-73; Hersey and Reed City, Mich., 1873-74; Rockford, 
Mich., 1874-77; Big Rapids, Mich., 1877-83; and Clinton. Mich., 
1882-84. For seven years ( 1884-91 ) he was State Sunday School 
Superintendent, for Michigan, of the Congregational Sunday 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 1 99 

SchcK>l and Publishing: Society. In 1891 he became pastor of the 
Congregational Church at Eaton Rapids, Mich., where he con- 
tinued until 1896, when he removed to Carson City, Mich., to 
serve as pastor of the Congregational Church there. In February, 
1898, he accepted a call to the pastorate of the Congregational 
Church in Douglas, Mich. In 1906 he removed to Wakefield, 
Kansas, and two years later to Riviera, Nueces County, Texas. 

From 1879 to 1882 he was a member of the Board of Education 
at Big Rapids. He has furnished numerous articles for religious 
and secular papers, and has edited : 

"A Catechism for Children's Training Classes," published by the 
Congregational Sunday School and Publishing Society, 1887. 

He was married at Ada, Mich., July 6, 1876, to Carrie E. 
Livingston, and has a daughter, Laura Livingston, born at Clinton, 
November 12, 1883, now a teacher in the Jackson (Mich.) High 
School. 

Frank Moore 

Son of Reuben and Margaret T. (Riddle) Moore. His father was 
of English, and his mother of Irish descent. 

Frank Moore was born in St. Clair, Mich., September 6, 1845, 
was prepared for college at Williston Seminary, entered Yale with 
'67, remaining with that class a year and one term, and joined '68 
at the beginning of Sophomore year. He was awarded a prize 
in Sophomore Declamation, and was Vice-President of Linonia 
in Senior year. 

After graduation he spent six months in a law office in Detroit, 
and subsequently became bookkeeper in a lumber yard at Toledo, 
Ohio. In 1 87 1 he gave up his position in Toledo and returned 
to Detroit. He continued in the lumber business in that city, and 
afterwards in Saginaw and St. Clair, till 1879, when he purchased 
the St. Clair Republican, a weekly paper, which he continued to 
edit and publish till 1895. He has been twice Postmaster of St. 
Clair, and held that office for about nine years. He was first 
appointed June i, 1881, and served till April i, 1886. In March, 
1890, he was appointed for a second term and served until April 
I, 1894. He was in the Michigan Legislature two terms, 1899- 
1900, and 1901-02. 



aOO THE CLASS OF I6dK, YALE COLLEGE 

In 1887 he united with a number of other citizens of St. Clair 
in forming a company which was incorporated under the name 
of the Diamond Crystal Salt Company, of which he was elected 
Secretary and Treasurer. Since disposing of his paper, this busi- 
ness has received his entire attention. 

He spends the winters on the Pacific coast. In the winter of 
1913-14 he lived first at 3106 Harvard Boulevard. Los Angeles, 
later at 1229 S. Bonnie Brae Street, Los Angeles. 



He was married June II, 1873. in Toledo. Ohio, to Emily 
Sprague Parmelee. who was born June 20, 1847, at Chesterfield, 
Ohio, and educated at Mount Holyoke College. Children : Laura, 
born January 19, 1875, at Saginaw; Franklin, born September 6, 
1877; Margaret E., born November 28, 1879; Emily C, born 
January 4, 1885. The last three were bom at St. Clair. 

Mrs. Moore died at Castile, N. Y., June 20, 1898, nine days 
after the twenty-fifth anniversary of her wedding, and on the 
fifty-first anniversary of her birth. 

Laura was graduated from the University of Michigan in June, 
1899, and for three years had a position in the Congressional 
Library at Washington. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES iol 

Franklin, when quite young, entered the employ of the Diamond 
Crystal Salt Company at St. Clair, and having acquired a good 
knowledge of the business, now holds an important position with 
that company. He was married June 27, 1905, to Jeanette 
Harkness, and has three children: Margaret E., born April 22, 
1906; Franklin H., bom September i, 1907; Jane P., bom April 
22, 1912. 

Margaret E. attended Olivet College three years, but did not 
graduate. June 27, 1905, she was married to Henry J. Phelps, 
who is in the employ of a wholesale dry goods firm in Detroit. 

Emily C. was graduated from Wellesley College in June, 1908. 
She taught three years and a half at Albert Lea, Minn. 



Oliver Cromwell Morse 

Son of Richard Cary Morse (Yale College 1812), editor of the New 
York Observer, and Louisa (Davis) Morse. He belongs to the seventh 
generation of the direct descendants of Anthony Morse, who came to 
this country in 1635 from Marlboro. Wiltshire, England, and settled in 
Newbury, Mass. His grandfather, Rev, Dr. Jedediah Morse, was the 
first American gec^apher, and therefore known as the "Father of Ameri- 
can Geography." His grandmother, wife of Dr. Jedediah, was grand- 



202 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

daughter of Samuel Finlay, fourth President of Princeton College. Their 
sons were Professor S. F. B. Morse, known as the inventor of the elec- 
tric telegraph; Sidney E. Morse, and Richard Gary Morse, father of our 
classmate, who were founders and co-editors of the New York Observer. 
His grandfather, father and uncles were all graduates of Yale, as were 
also his three brothers, Sidney E. Morse of 1856, Rev. Richard C. Morse 
of 1862, and William H. Morse of 1867. 

Oliver C Morse was born in New York City, September i8, 
1847, 2i"d was prepared for Yale at Phillips Academy, Andover. 
In college he took prizes in Sophomore year in Declamation, and 
in Junior year in Debate. In Sophomore, Junior, and Senior 
years he rowed on the Varuna gig crew. He was also a member 
of the Junior Promenade Committee. 

After graduaticMi, he spent the summer of 1868 in Germany, and 
the academic year 1868-69 at Union Theological Seminary, New 
York City. From August, 1869, to September, 1871, he studied 
in Europe, chiefly at the Universities of Berlin and Leipsic. The 
following year was spent in travel in European countries and in 
Palestine. While a student in Leipsic he organized, and for six 
months superintended, the second Sunday School for German 
children ever established on the American plan in the Kingdom 
of Saxony. The winter of 1872 he passed in study in Beirut, 
Syria, and in the following spring made a trip through the Holy 
Land. On the way home, at the request of the Foreign Sunday 
School Association, he spent July and August in Hungary, where 
he organized in the principal cities of that country eight Sunday 
Schools. 

In anticipation of his Sunday School work in Hungary, he had 
had a few simple rules for organizing and conducting a Sunday 
School translated into Hungarian, and on his arrival in Beirut, 
Dr. Van Dyke, the translator of the Bible into the Arabic lan- 
guage, translated these rules into Arabic and published them in a 
journal which he edited and which had a circulation throughout 
the Turkish Empire and Lower Eg}'pt. A thousand extra copies 
of the paper containing these rules were struck off for Morse to 
distribute at various points in Palestine. In Bethel and in Ramoth 
Gilead he called together the officers of little mission churches, 
with the children, and explained to them the nature of Sunday 
School work ; and in Jerusalem, Dr. Klein, a representative of an 
English missionary society and discoverer of the Moabite stone, 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 203 

called the young people of his mission together one Sunday and 
had them organized into a Sunday School, the first ever formed 
in Jerusalem. Morse's Arab traveling companion, a graduate of 
the Syrian Protestant College in Beirut, who acted as his inter- 
preter, became so much interested in this method of Christian 
work that he resolved that, if ever he became a native pastor, he 
would make much of the Sunday School, which determination he 
afterwards carried into effect as pastor of the church in Zahleh 
in Coelo-Syria. 

Morse studied during the winter of 1872-73 at Princeton 
Theological Seminary and in the spring of 1874 completed his 
theological studies at Union Seminary. Till 1875 he supplied 
the pulpit of the Congregational Church at Greenport, L. I. 

In 1876 he became General Secretary of the Y. M. C. A. of 
Schenectady, N. Y. In the fall of 1878 he accepted a call to a 
similar position in connection with the Y. M. C. A. of Washing- 
ton, D. C, where he remained till the spring of 1881, when he 
took the secretaryship of the Association in Cleveland, Ohio, 
which he retained till April, 1884. He was temporarily con- 
nected with the work of the New York City Y. M. C. A. from 
May to November, 1884. During the winter of 1884-85 he 
preached in various pulpits, with a view of returning to the 
ministry. During the summer of 1885 he assisted Rev. Dr. F. F. 
Ellinwood in editing the Foreign Missionary, published by the 
Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions. He then accepted an 
invitation to become the acting pastor of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Watertown, N. Y., for one year, from September, 1885, 
to August, 1886. In the fall of 1886 he returned to Y. M. C. A. 
work, accepting the position of Assistant State Secretary of the 
New York Associations. This office he resigned in the summer 
of 1887, ^o accept the position of Corresponding Secretary of the 
School for Christian Workers (at Springfield, Mass.), and of 
Instructor in Christian Evidences and in Old and New Testament 
Canons. In 1890, when the Young Men's Christian Association 
Department of this School had become a separately incorporated 
institution, he was appointed Secretary and instructor in both 
schools for one year, at the end of which he severed his connection 
with the School for Christian Workers, to devote himself entirely 
to the interests of the International Y. M. C. A. Training School. 
From 1898 to 1904 he was Vice-President of Rollins College, at 



204 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Winter Park, Florida. During^ the following year he was Vice- 
President of the Bible Teachers' Training School in New York, 
and from 1905 to 1907 was Executive Secretary of the Bible 
League of North America. In 1907 he engaged in the real estate 
business. In September, 191 2, he became officially connected with 
the National Bible Institute, and is now Field Secretary of The 
Eastern Association School, for the training of employed officers 
of Young Men's Christian Associations; office, 125 East 27th 
St., New York City. 

In May, 1905, he was invited to give the Commencement 
Address at Rollins College, at the close of which he received the 
Honorary Degree of D.D. 

He was married, June 22, 1881, to Ella Jones, at Washington, 
D. C, and has six children: Richard Cary, bom March 18, 1882, 
in Cleveland; Marguerite, bom June 16, 1883, in Qeveland; 
Elizabeth, born November 26, 1884, in New York City; Oliver 
Cromwell, Jr., born July 3, 1888, in Springfield, Mass. ; Anthony, 
bom January 23, 1891, in Springfield; Rebecca Finlay, born 
December 4, 1899, in Norwich, Conn. 

Richard was graduated from the Sheffield Scientific School in 
1906, and was Captain of the Yale University Crew in his Senior 
year. He was also Secretary of Byers Hall during the last two 
years of his college course, and for two years after graduation 
was on the secretarial staff of the International Y. M. C. A. Com- 
mittee, as Educational Secretary of the Railroad Department. 
He is now Assistant Passenger Train Master of the Pittsburgh 
Division of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. On October 
26, 1909, he was married to Margaret Rupp of New Rochelle, 
N. Y., at 9 Meadow Lane, the bride's home. Two daughters 
have been born to them: Margaret Louise, in Greensburg, Pa., 
April 4, 1912; Anna Finlay, in Wilkinsburg, Pa., July 5, 1913. 

Marguerite took the four years' course in Norwich Free Acad- 
emy and the two years' course in Dr. Savage's Institute of Normal 
Physical Culture in New York. She was for a year teacher of 
physical culture in the public schools of Washington, D. C, and 
for the following year was Physical Director of the Washington 
Y. W. C. A. She was married December 8, 191 1, to William H. 
Walcott, M.D., who is settled in Rio, West Virginia. A son, 
William Hunt Walcott, was bom August 27, 1913. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES ^05 

Elizabeth was graduated from Mount Holyoke in 1907, and, 
after one year in the Congressional Library, studied three years in 
the Woman's Medical College in Philadelphia and completed her 
medical studies in London, England, in preparation for the work 
of a medical missionary. On March 15, 1913, she sailed for her 
mission field in British East Africa, under the auspices of the 
Africa Inland Mission. 

Oliver C, Jr., was graduated from Yale College in 1910, and 
is now (1914) a teacher of mathematics in the new Yale College 
at Changs ha, China. 

Anthony is a member of the Class of 1915, Yale College. 

Rebekah is a student in the Huntington High School on Long 
Island. 



George Albert Newell 

Son of Arthur W, and Cornelia E. (Smith) Neweli. He traces his 
descent from (i) Thomas Newell, who came from England prior to 
163a, through (2) Samuel, (3) Samuel, (4) Asahel, (5) Solomon, (6) 
Solomon, (7) Arthur W. His grandfather, Solomon Newell, was mar- 
ried to Sarah Steadnian, His mother. Cornelia Elizabeth (Smith) Kewdl. 
was daughter of Thomas Flagg and Mary Ann (Taylor) Smith. 



2o6 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

George A. Newell was born in Medina, N. Y., January ii, 1846, 
and was prepared for Yale at Medina Academy. In college h^ 
was interested in athletics, especially in baseball. He played left 
field on the Yale Nine, and graduated with Phi Beta Kappa rank 
in scholarship. 

After leaving Yale, he returned to Medina, where he studied 
law, and where he practiced as an attorney from 1871 to 1878. 
In 1874 he was elected Police Justice and Justice of the Peace; 
also Village Clerk, which office he held four years. In 1877 he 
was elected County Clerk of Orleans County, and was reelected 
in 1880, and again in 1883. November 6, 1884, he was made 
Cashier of the Union Bank of Medina, and since January i, 1887, 
he has devoted all his time to the business of the bank. On Janu- 
ary 10, 1893, he was elected its President. In 1888 he was chosen 
Village Treasurer, and has been reelected every year since, and 
with two or three exceptions, without contest. In November, 
1893, he was elected Treasurer of Orleans County, and was 
reelected in 1896, 1899, and 1902. 

His recreation has consisted of Masonic activities. Having 
become a member of Medina Lodge, No. 336, F. & A. M., in 
April, 1877, he served as its Master in 1880, has been one of its 
Trustees for several years, and since 1893 its Secretary. In Royal 
Arch Masonry he served as High Priest for twenty-seven years 
consecutively, probably the longest continuous service by any 
person in that office, and is now Secretary of his Chapter. As a 
Royal and Select Master he has occupied the office of Master for 
several years. As a Knight Templar, he was in 1891, 1892 and 
1893 Eminent Commander of Genesee Commandery, No. 10. 
In the Scottish Rite he presided for several years as Thrice Potent 
Master of the Lodge of Perfection, and in 1895 was crowned a 
Thirty-third Degree Mason. In the Grand Lodge of New York 
he has served as Grand Steward, District Deputy Grand Master, 
and Trustee, and for his services as Trustee has been made a 
permanent member of the Grand Lodge. In the Grand Chapter 
of New York, he presided as Grand High Priest during 1904. 
In the Grand Council of New York, he served as Grand Master 
during the years 1894 and 1895, ^tnd since 1903 has been its Grand 
Treasurer. In the Grand Commandery of Knights Templar of 
New York, he was elected Grand Treasurer in 1898, and still 
continues in that office. He is a permanent member of the Gen- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 207 

eral Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons of the United States, 
and has served several years on its Finance Committee. He has 
passed through the subordinate offices of the General Grand 
Council of Royal and Select Masters of the United States, and 
last September was elected to the third office in that body. 

In 1874 he became a charter member of the Alert Hose Com- 
pany, and served as an active fireman for over thirty years, and 
is now the oldest member of its successor, the Alert Company, a 
social club. He is also a member of the Masonic Club of New 
York City. 

Owing to the cares and responsibilities of civil and fraternal 
activities, he has been unable to devote much time to other work. 
He has, however, written 

"A History of Early Freemasonry in Orleans County, N. Y." 
"A History of Medina Lodge No. 336, F. & A. M." 
"A History of the Alert Hose Company and the Fire Department of 
Medina." 

He was married, September i, 1886, to Anna E. McGrath, at 
Medina, and has five children: Gladys Cornelia, born July 5, 
1887; Frances Berenice, bom May 4, 1890; George Arthur, born 
April 3, 1892; Hildred Anna, born December 11, 1894; and 
Natalie Christine, born February i, 1901. 

Gladys Cornelia was married, November 25, 1908, to H. Blake 
Murray at Kansas City, Mo., where they now reside. 

George Arthur, through too violent exertions in athletics at high 
school, was seized with an attack of Bright's disease and heart 
trouble, which compelled him to remain out of school for a year. 
Declining to return to high school, he entered Hobart College, 
where the year before, at a meeting of high schools, he had taken 
the second prize for running. Here he studied a year and then 
entered the University of Illinois, where he is pursuing a course 
in banking and economics. 

His other children are residing at home, the two youngest 
attending high school and seventh grade respectively. 

*Charles Page 

Son of Thomas S. and Anna M. (Liljevalch) Page, and brother of 
Dr. Olof Page (Yale College 1864). His mother was of Swedish descent. 
His father was a noted physician of Valparaiso, Chile. 



2o8 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Charles Pag« was born m Valparaiso, March 12, 1847. He 
was prepared for college by Rev. J. G. Lyons, West Haverford, 
Pa., and entered the class at the beginning of Sophomore year. 

In college he was scholarly and athletic, doing his class-room 
work thoroughly, but without the slightest regard to rank. He 
was Treasurer of the "68 Boat Club, rowed in the Varuna gig 
and on the class shell crew, and played center field on the Yale 
Nine. 



After graduation he spent fourteen months in Europe, attending 
law lectures at the Universities of Brussels and Berlin. On his 
return he continued his law studies in San Francisco, Cal., was 
admitted to -die Bar in 1872, and for forty years was a busy and 
successful lawyer in that city, becoming one of the best known 
and most highly respected members of the San Francisco Bar. 
In 1896 he became associated with Mr. E, J, McCutchen, and 
subsequently these were joined by Mr. Samuel Knight and Mr. 
Warren OIney, Jr., and the firm of Page, McCutchen, Knight & 
OIney was formed. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 209 

Pace's specialty was admiralty cases, and he was the most 
prominent admiralty attorney on the Pacific coast, having an 
international reputation. Among his most important cases the 
following may be mentioned. In 1891, when United States 
officers seized the steamboat Itata, belonging to Chilean insur- 
gents, who were finally successful in the war. Page was employed 
to defend the captain of the vessel. A few years later he was 
counsel for Gen. Antonio Ezeta, commander of the government 
forces of Salvador in the revolution of 1894, when his extradi- 
tion and that of four other refugees was sought from the United 
States by the new republic. He was also counsel for the owners 
of Mission Rock in their controversy with the United States 
government. He successfully prosecuted, through the Circuit 
Court of Appeals, the case now known as the Germanicus. 

Other important admiralty cases in which Page played a con- 
spicuous part were those arising out of the loss of the Rio de 
Janeiro in San Francisco Harbor on Washington's Birthday, 
190 1 ; the salving of the Manchuria, which went ashore a number 
of years ago on one of the Hawaiian Islands; the colHsion 
between the steam schooner San Pedro and the steamship 
Columbia, in which a large number of lives were lost; and the 
losses of the Corona and Pomona on the Humboldt Bar. Page's 
last appearance in court was as counsel for the steamship Beaver, 
in the case arising out of the collision of that steamer and the 
Norwegian steamer Selja, which took place off the Golden Gate 
in November of 1910. 

Page attended the International Maritime Conference at the 
Hague in 1909 as one of the American delegates, and addressed 
the Conference upon the **Hartes" Act. 

He was married at San Francisco, September 12, 1877, to 
Sallie H. Myers, daughter of Gen. William Myers, U. S. A., and 
had two children : 

Charles Randolph, born May 24, 1878, was graduated from 
Yale College in 1900, and is now with the Fireman's Fund Insur- 
ance Company of San Francisco. He was married March 24, 
1904, in San Francisco, to Louise Hoff acker, daughter of Bernard 
and Lavina Hoffacker, and has four sons, all born in San 
Francisco: Charles, November 11, 1904; Edward Bradford, 
October 27, 1905; John Randolph, January 21, 1910; Stanley 
Arthur, November 16, 1911. 

u 



2IO THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Henry Stanley, born March 3, 1885, was educated at the Mas- 
sachusetts Institute of Technology, and has a responsible position 
with the Union Gas Engine Company in San Francisco. 

Charles Page died of pneumonia at his residence in San Fran- 
cisco, on February 26, 191 2. Among his bequests was one of 
five thousand dollars to the Yale Alumni University Fund, and 
another of the same amount for the Golden Gate Park. He left 
bequests also to the Seamen's Institute, to the Golden Gate 
Orphanage and Industrial Farm, and to Mount Zion Hospital. 

The Board of Directors of the Yale Alumni University Fund 
Association, in their Twenty-third Annual Report, said : 

"The report for the year would be incomplete without a special reference 
to the bequest of the late Charles Page of the Class of 1868, amounting 
to $5,000. The Board wishes to express its appreciation of this generous 
gift, no less because of its direct help to Yale, but because it again 
emphasizes the great potentialities of this unostentatious method of 
building up the University." 

Page was President of the California Title Insurance and 
Trust Company, and a Director of the Fireman's Fund Insur- 
ance Company. He was a member of the Pacific Union Club 
and of the Chamber of Commerce, and one of the founders of 
the Yale Club of California. 

His life was simple and open. He was a genuine man, and had 
nothing to conceal. He had high regard for his profession and 
always treated his opponents with respect, being always fair and 
honorable towards them. In the court room he was courteous 
and amiable, and never allowed himself to become ruffled or irri- 
table. His self-control was perfect. The legal firm of which 
he was the head was the largest in California and had a world- 
wide reputation. No lawyer in San Francisco stood higher than 
Page in the affections of his professional brethren or in the 
esteem of the courts. His death came to his associates as a per- 
sonal bereavement, and their sense of loss was most keen, a loss 
for which there was no recompense. 

Mr. Samuel Knight, for many years Page's law partner, wrote 
respecting his life : 

"There was perhaps no one who stood higher at the Bar here at the 
time of his death than did Mr. Page. He had the reputation of being 
not only a very good lawyer, and a safe and experienced adviser, but 
a man who cherished and practiced the highest ideals of his profession. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 211 

As you know, he was of a very kindly nature, which showed itself in his 
dealings with his fellow practitioners, and by no one was this more 
appreciated than by the younger members of the Bar, to whom a kindly 
word of assistance means much in many instances. He was a man of 
charitable instincts, and many are the people and charities which he has 
in one way or another assisted. His integrity was unquestioned; and 
he despised sham and subterfuges. 

"I recall that, on one recent occasion, he criticized severely an attorney 
with whom he was associated in a case, who was anxious to have a plead- 
ing interposed which to Mr. Page seemed ambiguous. His associate said 
that he had framed the pleading designedly so. Mr. Page retorted that 
he was not accustomed to practice law in that way, and that it was his 
practice never to let his position remain in doubt in any case which he 
undertook to prosecute or defend." 

The following tribute is from the San Francisco Recorder of 
February 28, 191 2 : 

"To those who knew him most intimately, Mr. Page was a man of most 
charming and affable personality. He was a very scholarly man and a 
great student and linguist, speaking Spanish, French and German fluently. 

"As a lawyer he occupied a foremost position at the Bar; as an advo- 
cate he was noted for his clarity of reasoning and his forcefulness of 
statement. Always courteous to court and counsel, he was yet keenly 
insistent for the cause of his clients. In his death there is removed from 
the Bar of San Francisco one of its most brilliant figures, and from the 
community a splendid man and foremost citizen.'' 

At a gathering of the Bar of San Francisco on Thursday, May 
23, 1912, to pay a tribute of respect and affection to the memory 
of our classmate, Mr. Sidney V, Smith said: 

"Both as counselor and advocate he manifested all the qualities of a 
sound, fearless, highly trained lawyer, reaped largely of the fruits of his 
professional labor, won the confidence of his clients and the respect of the 
courts. In all his dealings with men, whether as President of the Pacific 
Union Club, or founder of the Yale Club» or Director of the Fireman's 
Fund Insurance Company, or President of the California Title Insurance 
and Trust Company, he revealed such a force of character, undoubted 
integrity, and sound judgment as commanded the admiration and confi- 
dence of all those who were connected with him. Happily married, with 
a charming home, he rounded out a full and honorable and happy life, 
and left as an example and a legacy to his sons his own unblemished 
reputation. 

"His opinions on commercial law were read and valued in Liverpool 
and London. He had a world-wide reputation as an admiralty and marine 
insurance lawyer, which came very largely from his painstaking, laborious 
way of going slowly, thinking carefully and quietly, and putting down 
on paper, where he could see it with his own eye, the process of thought. 



212 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

"He conducted his own legal investigations. With a staff of young 
men about him upon whom he could have called at any moment for work 
through the digests, for investigation of the points he had before him, 
he preferred to do it himself, and as long as his strength lasted, until 
his health failed, he conducted his own searches among the cases and 
authorities, depending upon no one else. The consequence was a thor- 
oughly equipped, philosophical lawyer, one who knew the precedents and 
who understood the principles of the law, and was imbued with its spirit. 
He was resourceful to an extraordinary degree, so that no matter what 
kind of question was presented to him, whether it was a question of a 
sort with which he was most familiar, growing out of admiralty law or 
connected with marine insurance, or whether it was a question of real 
estate law, with which he had not dealt in the early course of his prac- 
tice, — whatever it was. Page approached it with a skill and confidence 
bom of a thorough knowledge of legal methods of reasoning and a trained 
experience in the application of legal principles to concrete facts. 

**H I were asked to point to what I consider the principal feature of 
Charles Page's character, I should say it was something higher than ability. 
Ability is common. There is plenty of it at the Bar; there is plenty 
of energy; there is plenty of fire; there is plenty of labor; all that is 
common. But it is not every man that has what I think was Page's 
principal characteristic. I mean his warm, loving heart. Of all the men 
I have met at the Bar, I can think of no one who had this wonderful 
quality to the degree with which Page was endowed with it. He was a 
man who loved his fellow-men and their companionship, loved to walk 
and to talk with them, to exchange views with them, to get close to 
them. And it is the most valuable quality that a professional man or any 
man can have; something that he cannot cultivate, something whose 
value he may recognize and that he may yearn for, and long for in 
himself; but if he has not got it implanted in him, he cannot acquire 
it by taking thought, any more than he can add a cubit to his stature. 
Mr. Page had it naturally; it was as easy for him to get near to his 
fellow-man, and to draw his fellow-man to him, as it was to breathe, 
and the result was that he did draw men to him. The judges before 
whom he practiced loved him, knew that he was their friend in the truest 
sense of the word, and were his friends. The clients that he gathered 
about him loved him, felt that they could trust not only in his ability 
but in his interest in themselves and in their business. It was the strong- 
est tie that could bind one man to another, that tie which comes from 
the feeling that the man that you are dealing with is interested in you. 
not only in the fee which he is going to make from you, but in you 
individually and personally. It is a thing indescribable, and yet I think 
we all recognize it; and as we now look back upon him, we can under- 
stand why he was always 'Charlie Page,' not Charles Page, to the people 
who knew him, and even to people who did not know him intimately. 
I do not believe that there is a man that has practiced before this court 
who came so close to its members, who delighted so to have them in his 
own house, who met them so warmly, who so thoroughly and gracefully 
bridged that distance which sometimes separates the advocate from the 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 213 

judge before whom he practices. How that warm quality shines out in 
that clause of his will, in which he makes provision for a certain charity 
as 'a friendly thought of the companion of many a morning walk, J. B. 
LevisonM See how much that phrase, that unusual phrase in a lawyer*s 
will conveys; see the picture that it draws of Page walking to his ofRce 
morning after morning with Levison, hearing Levison talk to him about his 
favorite charity, listening, not bored, but genuinely interested, to all that 
Levison had to say, sympathizing with his friend's hobby, and finally, 
years after, when he came to sit down and in cold blood make pro- 
vision for his family, he had thought, too, of his friend and of the thing 
which lay close to his friend's heart. I think it is a beautiful incident, 
one that throws a wonderful light upon what Page really was. Think, 
too, of his humor; how he loved to laugh; how he could raise a laugh; 
how infectious his own was, how humaa it was ; how free that ready wit 
was of all unkindness, with what unerring good taste and sanity he 
risked, but never shocked. 

"As an illustration of the warmth of his heart, I would refer to his 
attitude toward the young men whom he gathered about him. His was 
always the most popular office, the most sought for by the graduates 
of our law colleges intending to practice at our Bar. They wanted to be 
associated with him from their reverence for him, from their apprecia- 
tion and respect for him, and because they knew what kind of a relation 
would exist between him and them. And it was charming — geniality, 
sympathy, kindness, forbearance, patience, guidance, everything that a 
young man could ask for he got from Page, and it all came from Page's 
heart and character and was indicative in the highest degree of what 
he was." 



I add Page's last letter to the Class, dated November 14, 1910. 

"My dear Varick: 

Your note of invitation to a dinner of '68's survivors, so far as they 
can be got together, has just reached me. A just recognition of your 
proffered hospitality would call for my thanks at an early day, but more 
urgent still in the impulse is the thought that here is the opportunity to 
say a few words of greeting to the companions of more than forty years 
ago. 

"Fate took me, soon after graduating, from the scenes of the neighbor- 
hood of Yale and brought me to the far away State of California. Here 
I have pursued my profession, here I married, and here my children have 
grown up. It would be treason in me to regret that I did not stay in 
the home of some of the years of my boyhood. I have prospered, have 
enjoyed life, have gained the good will of my neighbors, and have known 
that greatest of joys — seeing my boys grow up to be useful men. I am 
thrice a gn'andfather. Nevertheless, again and again during all these 
years, the thought has come and still comes into my mind, that it would 
be a great happiness were I able to keep more in touch with the old days 



.1 



« 



214 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

at Yale by meeting those I knew so intimately there and by now and 
again taking a little run up to New Haven. There are not many of 
you, I imagine, whom I should know by sight. Few would recognize me. 
Diverse pursuits and interests in the long interval have made it impossi- 
ble to think that it would be likely that renewed intercourse would revive 
the same old feelings which we had for each other in our young days ; but 
the suggestion of the mind that there is the grasp of the hand to be had, 
the few words which virtually tell the history of more than one-half 
of one's lifetime, the rush of recollection of events long ago buried in 
forgetfulness — this is all happiness, though it fade in an hour. For this 
pleasure, did circumstances permit it, I should be glad to travel across 
the continent. Nay, let me not entirely and absolutely refuse your kind 
invitation. Things may change and I may go, but — now that I appreci- 
ate that the date is December ist — it looks out of the question. 

"Give all manner of kind greetings to the fellows. I hope all are well 
and holding their own yet against the inveterate enemy of every man — 
time. Imagine me joining with you in every toast to our old College, to 
all of the faculty, all of the graduates, and all of the students. May all 

prosper ! 

Affectionately your classmate, 

Chas. Pace." 

Mrs. Charles Page's address is 2518 Pacific Avenue, San 
Francisco. 

Samuel Parry 

His ancestors on his father's side came from Wales at the end of the 
seventeenth century. They were Quakers and settled amidst the William • 
Penn Colony near Philadelphia, where many of his relatives still reside. 
His mother's ancestors came from Holland in 1653 and settled on Long 
Island, from which the family extended into New Jersey. His father, 
Samuel Parry, a miller, was son of Samuel Parry, a farmer, who lived 
near Philadelphia. His mother, Selinda Van Syckel, was daughter of 
Daniel Van Syckel, a merchant of Milford, N. J. 



• Samuel Parry was born March 29, 1845, at Lambertville, 

N. J., removed to Clinton, N. J., when two years old, and was 
prepared for college at the academy at Blairstown, N. J. He 
was the leading boating man in '68, rowed in the Varuna shell 
in the Harbor Races in his Sophomore year, was Commodore 
of the Yale Navy, and stroke oar of the University Crew in 1868, 
rowed in 1867 and 1868 in the races with Harvard on Lake 
Quinsigamond at Worcester, and was graduated with Phi Beta 
Kappa rank in scholarship. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES S'S 

In i868-6g he taught at Blairstown Academy, then studied two 
years at Princeton Theolc^ical Seminary and one year at Union 
Theological Seminary, New York City, where he was graduated 
in 1872. April 30, 1873, he was ordained to the gospel ministry 
by the Presbytery of Elizabeth, and installed pastor of the Pluck- 
amin Presbyterian Church, at Pluckemin, N, J., where he con- 
tinued in the pastorate for thirty-three years. On April 30, 1906, 
on the thirty-third anniversary of his ordination and installation 



over this church, he retired from active service in the ministry. 
He is engaged in historical studies, and preaches occasionally as 
opportunity offers. 

He dehvered a historical discourse in the Pluckamin Presby- 
terian Church on Tuesday, March 12, 1901, on the fiftieth anni- 
versary of its organization, in which he sketched the history of 
the churches in the village and vicinity from 1720, and gave the 
biographies of the pastors and most of the deceased ruling elders 
since 1851. 

He is Stated Clerk of Jhe Presbytery of Elizabeth, having been 
elected in 1888 and reelected every five years since, and was Secre- 



2l6 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

tary of the Inter-Church Federation of Somerset County. N. J., 
from its organization till 1912, when he refused reelection. He 
is also Secretary of the Raritan Ministerial Association. 

December i, 1875, he was married, in Somerville, N. J., to 
Harriet E. Cornell, daughter of Rev. Dr. F. F. Cornell, a former 
pastor of the Pluckamin Church, and had one son, Samuel Cor- 
nell, born March 24. 1881, died on the 25th of the same month. 



*\Villiam Parsons 

Son of Judge William and Frances (Strong) Parsons. His mother 
was granddaughter of Captain Benaija Strong, a Revolutionary soldier. 

William Parsons was born August 19, 1844. at Beech Creek, 
Clinton County, Pa., and was prepared for college at West 
Chester Academy. He was a member of the Freshman Jubilee 
Committee and of the Wooden Spoon Committee, was Secretary 
of Linonia, Lieutenant of the '68 Boat Club, and rowed (as bow) 
in the Varuna shell and on the class shell crew in Senior year. 

He attended the Albany Law School. one year, graduating in 
1869, was admitted to the Bar May 20, 1869, and began practic- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 217 

ing at Lock Haven, Pa., from which place he had entered college. 
He served as Attorney for Clinton County for five years (1869- 
74), and in the summer of 1874 was elected District Attorney for 
five years. 

In 1877 he resigned the office of District Attorney to become 
editor of the New Haven Daily Register, with which he was con- 
nected till 1883. In 1880 he was Delegate at Large from Con- 
necticut to the Democratic National Convention. In 1883 he 
established the Hartford Telegram and in 1884 became Congres- 
sional Editor of the Washington Post. He was appointed in 
June, 1885, 21 Special Agent to investigate and examine into the 
several Indian agencies of the United States, and in 1886 was 
constituted Umatilla Commissioner to make a treaty with the 
Umatilla Indians, Oregon, for opening their reservation, to 
appraise the lands of the reservation, and to allot lands in sev- 
eralty to said Indians. He was particularly influential among 
the Umatilla Indians, whose counsel he was for many years, 
having appeared in their behalf before President Harrison. 

March 31, 1888, he resigned the special Indian agency and 
removed from Washington, D. C, to Pendleton, Oregon, where 
he engaged in legal practice until 1902, when he went to the 
Philippines to visit his son. Here he remained five years as 
supervising teacher in the Bureau of Education. An accident 
which fractured his skull, broke his hip joint and right arm, so 
impaired his strength that he was no longer able to endure a 
tropical climate and the doctors ordered his return to the States. 
He was transferred in 1907 to the School Department of the 
Indian Service, and placed in charge of the school on the Yakima 
Indian Reservation, Washington, at Fort Simcoe. 

He wrote several valuable reports on Indian affairs to the 
Secretary of the Interior, one of which — an account of his 
explorations in the Navajo Indian Reservation, New Mexico, 
and of the resources of that comparatively unknown region — was 
printed by Congress. He also wrote a series of articles in 1886 
for the Portland Oregonian, on the relations of the Roman Catho- 
lic Church to the government of the United States Indian Schools. 
In 1902 he completed a "History of Umatilla County, Oregon," 
with a condensed history of Oregon and Washington, a quarto 
volume of six hundred pages, published by the Northwest Pub- 
lishing Company of Spokane, Washington. 



2l8 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

November 26, 1872, he was married, at New Haven, Conn., to 
Charlotte Rebecca Osborn, daughter of Minott A. Osborn, for 
many years editor of the New Haven Register, and sister of Col. 
Norris G. Osborn (Yale College 1880). Children: William 
Osborn, born at Lock Haven, October 3, 1873 ; Minott Osboni, 
born at Lock Haven, September 6, 1875, ^^^^ March i, 1890; 
Katharine Osborn, born at Lock Haven, August 26, 1877 ; Ethel 
Osborn, born in Hartford, September i, 1884. 

William Osborn Parsons was Captain in the Philippine Con- 
stabulary force for several years. After resigning this office, 
he removed to San Francisco and enlisted in the Coast Artillery 
Corps, 67th Company, being finally discharged in April, 1912, to 
become Editor of the Pacific Coast Hotel Gazette, a weekly trade 
paper published in San Francisco. He was married in San Fran- 
cisco, March 2, 1912, by the Rev. Father Perrin, to Delia Beagle 
of Pendleton, Oregon. 

Katharine Osborn Parsons was married on September 18, 1901, 
at Pendleton, to William House, M.D. Children: Janet Par- 
sons House, born in Weston, June 20, 1903, and Priscilla Osborn 
House, born September 18, 1909, in Portland, Oregon. 

Ethel Osborn Parsons was married December 5, 1907, in San 
Francisco, to Charles Erwin Borden, and has two children : Alan 
Osborn Borden, born in San Francisco, October 23, 1908; Wil- 
liam Parsons Borden, born November 10, 1912. 

William Parsons died at his home on the Reservation of the 
Yakima Indian Training School, Fort Simcoe, November 21, 
1908, at the age of sixty-four years. 

The following editorial is from the New Haven Journal' 
Courier of November 24, 1908: 

"The news of the death of William Parsons, a former resident of this 
city, recalls the lively political times in Connecticut twenty-six years ago, 
when the younger Democratic element of the State wrested the control 
of the organization from the old leaders. The metamorphosis was more 
due to the leadership of Mr. Parsons in that struggle between party fac- 
tions than to any one else. His was just the nature and temperament to 
make a fight of that character successful. 

"He was never what would be technically known as a newspaper maker. 
He was, however, an editorial writer of unusual force and effectiveness. 
It became his self-imposed task to inoculate the Democratic party of the 
State with more of the spirit of progressiveness than it possessed under 
the leadership of the older and conservative leaders who had for years 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 219 

dictated the policy of the organization and selected its standard-bearers. 
He, with his political counselors, selected young Tom Waller of New 
London as the man most likely to win in the State convention. 

"The convention which that year nominated Mr. Waller for governor 
is still well remembered by many, who have since played but a small part 
in the life of the Democratic party. No man could have been selected 
for governor who was so offensive to the old men as he. They regarded 
him as a reactionary, and they professed not to know what would hap- 
pen to the historic organization if he were given the reins. Undismayed 
by this forceful opposition, Mr, Parsons and his friends set out to win 
the day. In a struggle which has not its parallel in the history of the 
Democratic party in Connecticut, the Waller faction made constant and 
sensational gains, defying threatened excommunication and scorning 
offers of compromise. In the end they had driven the old warriors of 
the party into the corner and had forced them to surrender uncondition- 
ally. Waller was the nominee of the convention, and after a whirlwind 
campaign, such as he could alone make, was elected by a clear majority 
over all opposing candidates, as required at that time by the State 
constitution. 

"The character of the fight Mr. Parsons put up against the Republican 
nominee and the fearlessness of his campaign for Mr. Waller convinced 
the State of his ability as a political leader, but when he sought con- 
firmation by the Republican State Senate of his nomination by Governor 
Waller for the insurance commissionership, revengeful human nature 
asserted itself and he was rejected by a large majority. The very source 
of his power in the State convention proved to be the source of his 
weakness before the Senate as a formal nominee for an important State 
office. Within four years thereafter Mr. Parsons had received an import- 
ant appointment to the federal service at President Cleveland's hands, 
and he passed out of the political life of Connecticut. 

"Of Mr. Parsons' personality it can be said with truth that few men, 
if any, have ever entered the journalistic life of Connecticut and within 
so short a time impressed themselves so indelibly upon it. He made firm 
friends and determined enemies, but he was recognized by all as a fear- 
less and straight fighter for the truth as he saw it. His death closes 
an adventuresome and picturesque career, a career which found much to 
further shape it in the breezy West." 



*Horace Phillips 

Son of Jonathan Dickinson and Lucianna (Greene) Phillips. His 
father, Jonathan D. Phillips, was son of Horatio Gates Phillips, who 
moved from New Jersey to Dayton, Ohio, in 1804 and married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Hon. William Churchill Houston. The father of 
Horatio Gates Phillips was Captain Jonathan Phillips of the Second Regi- 
ment of the Continental Army, who served through the war and was 
one of the original members of the Society of the Cincinnati, which mem- 



aao THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

bership has been handed down to Horace Pease Phillips, the eldest son 
of our classmate. The Phillips family traces its ancestry to George 
Phillips of Boxford. England, who came with his family to America 
with Governor Winthrop in 1630. 

Lucianna Greene was daughter of Charles Russell and Achsah (Dis- 
brow) Greene, who came from Trenton, N. J., lo Marietta on December 
17, 1788, and to Dayton in 1820, The first ancestor of the family was John 
Greene, who came to America on the ship Lyon in 1631. He was ban- 
ished from Boston for defending Wheelwri^t and Mrs. Hutchinson, 
and was the first President of the Rhode Island Society. 



Horace Phillips was born in Dayton, Ohio. April 9, 1847, and 
was prepared for college by Mr, J. W. Hall of that place, and at 
Mount Pleasant Academy, New York, He was elected to Phi 
Beta Kappa on the ground of rank in scholarship on the Junior 
Appointment list. 

From the time of graduating until 1874 he was engaged in 
railway construction along the upper Mississippi. During 1874 
and 1875 he was in Europe, and from 1875 to 1888 he resided at 
Dayton, being connected with various railways under construc- 
tion and reconstruction. He built the Dayton & Southeastern 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 221 

Railroad, and had engineering charge of it from 1876 till about 
1886. In 1889 he undertook the placing underground of all tele- 
phone wires in Chicago, but was forced to give up the work on 
account of ill-health. He removed to Seattle, Washington, and 
for eleven years was engaged in engineering on the Pacific coast. 
He spent much time at South Bend, Washington, where he 
owned interests in the local water works and electric light plants. 

After an illness of over two years, he died from nervous 
prostration at his home in Seattle, May 7, 1904, at the age of fifty- 
seven years. He was a man of unusual ability, upright, consci- 
entious, and thorough in every enterprise which he undertook. 

He was married at Dayton, January 7, 1876, to Nannie E. 
Pease, daughter of Horace and Sarah Louise (Bellville) Pease, 
and had six children : Charlotte VanCleve ; Horace Pease ; Jona- 
than Dickinson, died October 17, 1892.; Walter Bellville; Luci- 
anna Greene ; Dorothy Disbrow. 

Charlotte VanCleve received the degree of B.A. from Stanford 
University in 1897, an artist; was married to Frederic Arthur 
Schneider of San Jose, Cal., in 1900, and has had two sons: 
Phillips Sumner, bom February 7, 1901 ; Frederic Arthur, born 
1905, died 1909. 

Horace Pease was graduated from the University of California 
in 1903, a mechanical engineer; was college apprentice for the 
Santa Fe system three years, and is now manager and superin- 
tendent of a manufacturing plant in Reno, Nevada. He was 
married March 10, 1910, to Mary May Thomas, daughter of 
Rev. John H. Thomas (Yale '68) of Dayton, Ohio, and has two 
daughters: Elizabeth Ann, born 191 1, and Mary May, born 

1913. 
Walter Bellville, educated at the University of California, in 

the Class of 1909, is an architect in Berkeley. 

Lucianna Greene, educated at the University of California, in 
the Class of 1909, resides in Berkeley. 

Dorothy Disbrow was graduated in 191 2 from the University 
of California. She was married to William Winter Salsig of 
Berkeley, Cal., on August 30, 1913, and is now residing at Gualala, 
Cal. 

Mrs. Horace Phillips resides at 2823 Forest Avenue, Berkeley. 
Cal. 



THE CLASS OF l86S, YALE COLLEGE 



Thomas Wilson Pierce 

His father was Wilson Pierce, born in Pennsbury Township, Chester 
County, Pa., in 1809, and died in 1865. His mother was Elizabeth Harvey 
Levis, born in the adjoining Township of Birmingham, Chester County, in 
1816, and died in 1879. They were married in 1835. 

Wilson Pierce's father was Joshua Pierce, of Pennsbury, who married 
Mary, the daughter of his neighbor, Thomas Wilson, of Christiana 
Hundred, New Castle County, Delaware, whose name our classmate bears. 
The Pierce family began in America with George Pierce, who sailed 
from Bristol, following William Penn to his province, about 1683. He 
formed a settlement to which he gave the name Thornbury, after the 
village in Gloucestershire where his wife had been born, 

Elizabeth Harvey Levis's father was William Levis, a pioneer in the 
manufacture of hats, now a large industry in Southeastern Pennsylvania. 
His ancestry arrived in Pennsylvania about 1684. His wife was Rebecca 
Darlington Brinton, daughter of Wilham Brinton, who was third in 
descent from William Brinton, the first settler, who came from the 
neighborhood of Birmingham and gave that name to the Township. 

Thomas W. Pierce's forebears have all been farmers except his father 
and his mother's father, and all were members of the Orthodox Society 
of Friends except his mother and her father. A narrow circle of ten 
milt's will embrace the scene of all their lives for upwards of two hundred 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 223 

Thomas W. Pierce was born August 3, 1845, in Dilworthtown, 
in the township of Birmingham, Chester County, Pa., a place 
about four miles south of West Chester on the Wilmington road. 
The village lies on high ground a little to the rear of Washing- 
ton's extreme right at the Battle of Brandywine, and where he 
made his last effort to stay the disaster of that day. 

In 1861 he went to the West Chester Academy to prepare 
for college, a purpose which he had already formed in mind, 
but with no definite hope that it might ever be realized. He 
finished his preparation in 1863, but was not able to enter till the 
following year. In College he took a high rank in scholarship. 
He had a High Oration on the Junior Appointment list, and was 
one of the speakers at Junior Exhibition. At Commencement he 
had raised his grade to 3.31, i. e. above the usual line of Philo- 
sophical Oration, but owing to the large number of men of 
Philosophical standing in '68, he, with Davenport and Harger, 
received only a High Oration appointment. 

For two years after graduation he was engaged in teaching in 
West Chester, and was a law student until March, 1871, when he 
was admitted to the Bar and began practice in West Chester, 
where he has been working steadily for more than forty years. 
He has done well in his profession, and has had the best of 
health. He writes : 

"In my earlier professional life I was often tempted to seek a wider 
field. While I might have done better financially elsewhere, I could 
not have lived more happily, and comfortably, nor with more healthful 
and charming surroundings." 

In 1878 he was elected District Attorney for Chester County, 
and served one term of three years from January i, 1879. In 
1890 he was the nominee of the Democrats and Independent 
Republicans for Congress, in the Seventh Congressional District, 
composed of Chester and Delaware Counties. The district being 
a Republican stronghold, he was not elected, but he greatly 
reduced his opponent's majority. 

March 11, 1884, he was married, in Russellville, Chester 
County, Pa., to Sarah J. (Ferree) Woodward, widow of Henry 
Clay Woodward. A son, Thomas Wilson, Jr., was bom Decem- 
ber 24, 1884. 



324 THE CLASS OF lOOO, YALE COLLEGE 

Mrs. Pierce was daughter of Adam and Isabella (Hunter) 
Ferree. Her mother was daughter of Andrew and Jane Hunter. 
Her father, Adam Ferree, a husbandman, son of David and 
Mary (Baker) Ferree. was descended in direct line from Daniel 
Ferree, a manufacturer living in France, near the Rhone. Daniel 
Ferree died, and his widow with her six children came to America 
in 1708. Four years later she took title to two thousand acres 
of land in Pequea Valley. She died in 1716, and was the first 
one interred in the plot she had reserved for the family burial 



*Stephen Pierson 

Eldest son of Edward and Phebe Elizabeth (Guerin) Pierson. 
He was born in Morristown, N. J., November 8, 1844, and was 
prepared for college at the Morris Academy. 

He entered Yale in 1861 with the Class of '65, but left at the 
close of Freshman year to join the army, enlisting as a private 
in the Twenty-seventh New Jersey Infantry, a nine months' 
regiment. He was in Burnside's Fredericksburg campaign, and 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 225 

afterwards in Kentucky, and when mustered out of service he had 
risen to the rank of Second Lieutenant. Immediately after reach- 
ing home, he reenlisted as Sergeant-Major in the Thirty-third 
New Jersey Infantry, and went West under Hooker He served 
in the campaign about Chattanooga, and was with Sherman on the 
whole of his Atlantic campaign, the march to the sea, the cam- 
paigns of the Carolinas, and Joe Johnston's surrender. He was 
wounded once, became Adjutant of the regiment, and was brevet- 
ted Captain, and afterwards Major, for gallant conduct, and came 
out of the service in July, 1865, the youngest officer in the 
brigade. 

He returned to college in September following, joined '68, and 
continued with the Class about one year. In 1888 he received 
from Yale the degree of M.A., with enrollment in the Class of 
'68. 

After leaving Yale, he was a student of medicine at the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, New York City, where he was 
graduated in 1869, and was appointed house physician at Belle- 
vue Hospital. He located as a physician in Boonton, N. J., in 
1870, where he built up a lucrative practice and took an active 
part in the business and social life of the community. In 1873 
he removed to Morristown as an associate with his old preceptor, 
Dr. William Quinby, whom he later succeeded. Here he soon 
had a large practice and acquired a reputation as a sympathetic 
and skillful physician. He was a member of the Morris County 
Medical Society and of the New Jersey State Medical Society, 
was a leader in his profession, and kept abreast of the best 
thought of the day. 

Dr. Pierson was a member of the Morristown Board of Edu- 
cation for more than thirty years, for a part of the time its 
President, and the excellence of the public school system of that 
city is due in no small degree to him. He also served for a time 
as a member of the State Board of Education. When the All 
Souls' Hospital was established in 1892, he was appointed Medical 
Director and retained that position till his death. When the 
Grand Army Post of Morristown was organized, he became a 
member, was actively interested in its affairs, and ready to aid 
his needy comrades. He was a member of the Loyal Legion of 
the United States and of the Washington Association of New 

15 



226 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

Jersey, of which he became Vice-President. He was a Director 
of the Morris Aqueduct Company, and was actively identified 
with many organizations having for their object the betterment 
of conditions in the community. 

He was married at Morristown, September 13, 1870, to Amelia 
F. Cory, and had two sons: Edward, born at Boonton, January 
7, 1872, died at Morristown, June 12, 1886; Stephen Cory, bom 
at Morristown, August 25, 1886, died July 26, 1893. 

Mrs. Pierson died suddenly, on Saturday, February 17, 1894. 

After a long and brave fight with an insidious disease, Dr. 
Pierson died on Thursday, August 15, 191 1, at the age of sixty- 
six years. The funeral services were held in the First Presby- 
terian Church, of which he was a member. The edifice was filled. 
In addition to the immediate family and friends, representatives 
of the Grand Army of the Republic, of the Board of Education, 
of the Morris County Medical Society, Trustees of the Library 
and Lyceum, the Board of Directors of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association, and official boards of other organizations, were 
present. Interment was in the family plot in the First Church 
cemetery. 

In response to an inquiry from the Secretary, Charles H. Ray- 
mond, 2d, of the Class of 1909 Yale College, wrote : 

"I feel complimented and touched that you should ask me about Dr. 
Pierson. He brought me into this world twenty-six years ago, and all 
through my childhood watched over me, conducting me through the 
ordinary diseases and saving my life in a case of diphtheria. A man 
with a world of sorrow on his own shoulders (you know he had lost in 
a period of eight months his only son and his wife), he was always 
gentle and cheerful and a man of infinite humor. He was loved, no 
man more, and every one that came into contact with him felt his kindly 
influence. Reticent about himself, no one will ever know how much 
good he did or what his own sacrifices were in order that he might help 
others. 

"In his profession he was admired. The doctors here all looked up to 
him as a sort of father confessor. Most of them had been his assistants 
as they started into practice. 

"Not only myself, but all who knew Dr. Pierson, have lost a man that 
was a loyal friend and counselor, one that was the incarnation of all 
goodness and unselfishness. The fellows of my age used to drop in to 
see him on all occasions, knowing that they would have a warm wel- 
come, and it was worth a day's journey to see him smile. His whole 
kindly face lit up as he rose to welcome us. 



BIOGRAPHICXl sketches — GRADUATES 227 

"I wish I could add more, and express the loss of all Morristown, and 
in some way convey to you the love we all felt for him; but you knew 
him, and I need say no more." 

The following tribute to Dr. Pierson is from the editorial 
columns of the Morristown Jerseyman of August i8, 191 1: 

"Than Dr. Pierson, no man of the present generation had entered more 
generally into the life of the town in all its aspects. He was a leader 
in the medical profession, a clear-headed business man in public and 
private matters, the life of social gatherings, and above all, with his 
broad, sympathetic nature deepened by personal affliction, he was a min- 
istering angel in many afflicted homes. Truly he has left behind him a 
reputation that all may envy, and an example of unselfish devotion to 
his fellow men that all should strive to emulate. 

A good soldier. 
A beloved physician." 



Edward Kirk Rawson 

Son of Rev. Thomas R. Rawson (Amherst College 1830) and of 
Louisa W. (Dawes) Rawson. He is descended from Edward Rawson, 
who came to this country in 1632, landing at Newbury, Mass., and was 
for thirty-eight years Secretary of the Massachusetts Colony, a nephew 
of the first pastor of the First Church and one of the original members 
of the Old South Church, Boston. His mother, Louisa W. Dawes, was 
sister of Hon. Henry L. Dawes (Yale College 1839), member of the 
United States Senate from Massachusetts, whose ancestor is supposed 
to have been the William Dawes who rode with Paul Revere. 



Edward K. Rawson was bom in Albany, N. Y., February 21, 
1846, and was prepared for college at Albany Academy. For 
nearly two years, 1863-65, he was a Clerk in the Provost Mar- 
shal's office, Tenth Massachusetts District, at Springfield. He 
entered the class at the beginning of Sophomore year. In col- 
lege he gave special attention to English, and was one of the six 
Townsend speakers for the DeForest Gold Medal. He was also 
interested in athletics and gymnastics, rowed on the Varuna gig 
crew, and was captain of one of the classes in the Gymnasium. 

After graduation he taught one year in New Haven, and then 
became a student at the Yale Theological School. In 1870 he 
entered Andover Theological Seminary, from which he was 
graduated in 1872. In January, 1 871, he was appointed and com- 



2a8 THE CLASS OF 1868. YALE COLLEGE 

missioned Chaplain in the United States Navy, by Congress. 
After ttaveling in Europe on leave of absence in 1873 and 1874, 
part of the time with Rice, he was ordered on board the United 
States steamer Richmond, cruising in the North and South Pacific, 
where he remained about two years and a half. He was subse- 
quently on duty on board the training ship Monongahela one year, 
and on the United States training ship Minnesota for three years, 
and at the Boston Navy Yard for three years. Following his 



duty at the Boston Navy Yard, he took charge of the First Con- 
gregational Church at New London for Rev. Edward Bacon, who 
was ill in California. He was then ordered, in 1886, to the 
United States Naval Academy, as Chaplain, where he remained 
four years. 

In October. 1888, he was made Head of the Department of 
English Studies, History and Law, at the United States Naval 
Academy in addition to his duties as Chaplain. During his term 
of duty at the Naval Academy he was Chaplain of the United 
States ship Constellation on the practice cruises. In October, 
1890, he was examined for a professorship in the Navy, and was 
commissioned, by the United States Senate, Professor of Ethics 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 229 

and English Studies at the Naval Academy. He was then 
ordered to the Library of the Navy Department, where he 
remained twelve years; five years of this time he was Superin- 
tendent of Naval War Records and in charge of the Library. In 
1902 he was ordered to the Naval Academy as Head of the 
Department of English, History and Law, where he remained till 
1907. Having been detached in September of that year, he was 
ordered to duty in connection with the Naval War Records, and 
was engaged in publishing Records of the Union and Confed- 
erate Navies iti the War of the Rebellion, when his active career 
in the service was ended on account of age and he was put upon 
the Retired List. In August, 1908, he went abroad with his two 
daughters, and traveled in England, Wales, and on the Continent 
for two years. Since his return, he has been living in Washington, 
writing and endeavoring to make himself generally useful. 
He has published : 

"Twenty Famous Naval Battles: Salamis to Santiago." 2 vol. New 
York. T. Y. Crowell & Co., 1899. 

Also magazine articles, among which are: 

"Anarchic Socialism," New Englandcr, January, 1884. 
"The Rationale of Russian Socialism," Andover Review, September, 
1884. 

The Naval Chaplaincy," Andover Review, September, 1892. 
'Admiral Farragut," Atlantic Monthly, 1893. 



It 



April 10, 1888, he was married, at Philadelphia, to Eleanor 
Wade, daughter of Robert Wade, the American representative 
of the old firm of Wade & Butcher of Sheffield, England. He 
has two children: Eleanor Wade, born July 3, 1889; Kath- 
arine Dawes, born August 24, 1894. 

Mrs. Eleanor Wade Rawson died August 24, 1894. 



Richard Austin Rice 

Son of Richard Elisha Rice (Yale College 1839) and Parnella (Scran- 
ton) Rice, daughter of Hubbard Scranton of Madison, Conn. 

Richard A. Rice was bom in Madison, October 22, 1846, and 
was prepared for college at Phillips Academy, Andover. 
He was a frequent contributor to the Lit, both in verse and in 



130 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

prose ; was one of the speakers at Junior Exhibition ; and was 
bow oar on the class gig crew in Senior year. 

The first year after graduation he spent mostly in New Haven, 
In the fait of i86g he entered the Yale Theological School, and in 
the spring of 1870 went to Europe and continued his studies in 
history and philology at the University of Berlin. In December. 
1871, he returned and resumed his place in his class at the Yale 
Theolc^ical School, where he was graduated in 1872, In May, 



1873, he went to Germany again, and remained abroad for two 
years, devoting his time to the study of European languages and 
art. 

He was appointed Professor of Modem Languages and Litera- 
ture in the University of Vermont in 1875, and taught in that 
institution till the summer of 1881, when he accepted the same 
professorship in Williams College. In 1890 he was made Pro- 
fessor of History, and in the same year he became Director of the 
Williams Art Association. The department of the History of 
Art at Williams grew out of a voluntary Art Association estab- 
lished many years before by the students, supported by them and 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 23 1 

some of the alumni. Professor Rice had given a course of lec- 
tures before this Association for several years. In 1897 the 
President and Dean suggested that this course of lectures should 
be expanded and made a part of tjie curriculum. This proving 
acceptable after two years' trial, they proposed the addition of a 
half-year course, and in 1904 the department was created and he 
was made Professor of the History of Art and Civilization. He 
was for many years on the Advisory Committee of the Faculty 
and served as Dean of the College in 1894-95. 

Rice retired from active service at Williams College in July, 
191 1, and was given a retiring allowance by the Trustees of the 
Carnegie foundation. He went abroad in July and worked for 
several months in the libraries of Heidelberg, Paris, and London. 
He returned at the close of the year 191 1, and was for a year in 
charge, provisionally, of the Prints Division of the Library of 
Congress. 

After acquainting himself to some extent with the immediate 
needs of the Library in this Division, he went again to Europe 
in January, 1913, in search of material which could not easily be 
acquired through the ordinary channels of library agencies; 
such as rare books, works which demanded careful collation 
before purchase, old views and plans of towns, early printed 
books, manuscripts, engravings and portrait medals. He spent 
the rest of the winter and the spring in Italy, the summer in 
Germany and Switzerland, the autumn in Paris and London, 
returning to the Library in January, 191 4, where he is now 
arranging that part of the above-mentioned material which falls 
directly under his supervision. 

November 28, 1876, he was married to Marion Ashley Foster, 
at Geneva, N. Y. He has three children: 

Richard Ashley, born in Burlington, Vt., January 29, 1878, 
graduated as Bachelor of Arts from Williams in 1899, ^^^^ gradu- 
ate work at Harvard (with instructor's duties) and at Paris. 
He is now Assistant Professor of English in the University of 
Indiana, at Bloomington. He is author of several publications, 
the latest being a study of "Wordsworth's Mind." 

Maxwell Ware, born at W^illiamstown, Mass., August i, 1882, 
graduated as Bachelor of Arts from Williams in 1903, and as 
Bachelor of Divinity from the Episcopal Theological Seminary 
at Cambridge in 1906. He was a missionary 1908-1912 under 



3^3 THE CLASS OF lOOO, YALE COLLEGE 

Bishop Spaldingf at Garfield, Utah, where his work was mainly 
among the mining communities of that district. He is now in 
charge of the Emery Memorial House, University of Utah, at 
Salt Lake City. 

Roger Leavitt, born at Williams town, July 31. 18S3, was a 
student at VV'iliiams till the end of Sophomore year, when he 
entered the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. An excellent 
business opportunity influenced him to leave college six months 
before graduation. He is a member of the firm of Messmer & 
Rice, engineers and contractors, at Los Angeles, Cal. June 13. 
1912, he was married in Los Angeles to Lela Morrison of that 
city, and has one child, a daughter, born December 7, 1913. 



Thomas Hamlen Robbins 

Son of Allen A. and Anna (Goodrich) Robbins, was born in 
Rocky Hill, Conn.. November 4, 1841. Soon after the close of 
the spring term of the Hudson River Institute, Ciaverack, N. Y., 
where he was studying in preparation for college, he enlisted in 
the Twenty-fifth Connecticut \'^olunteers and served as Corporal 
in the army in Louisiana. He was with the regiment when 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 233 

engaged in the operations against Port Hudson, and in the action 
at Irish Bend, April 14, 1863. 

He was mustered out August 26, 1863, completed his prepara- 
tion at Claverack, and entered Yale in September, 1864. He had 
Phi Beta Kappa rank in scholarship on both Junior and Senior 
appointment lists. 

After graduating at Yale, he taught in the Amenia Seminary 
at Amenia, N. Y., till 1872, when he went West and was engaged 
for something more than a year in civil engineering. The busi- 
ness outlook at this time was unfavorable to railroad construc- 
tion, and to new enterprises generally, and he returned East in 
October, 1873, and resumed temporarily his old position in the 
seminary at Amenia. 

When business revived, he went back to his chosen profession 
of civil engineering, which he has since followed for nearly thirty- 
five years, and from the nature of his business has been without 
a permanent home. The years 191 1 and 1912 he spent mostly in 
Des Moines, Iowa. He is at present located at Colorado Springs, 
and is still in active practice as an engineer. 

May 5, 1895, he was married to Mrs. C. A. Zimmerman. Mrs. 
Bobbins died August 15, 1909. 

*JuIius William Russell 

Son of William P. and Lydia (Miner) Russell, was born Sep- 
tember I, 1846, in Moria, N. Y., and came to college from Bur- 
lington, Vt. He was prepared privately by Mr. H. F. Fisk, 
Cazenovia, N. Y., passed Freshman and Sophomore years at 
Wesleyan University, Middletown, Conn., and joined the Class 
of '68 at Yale at the beginning of Junior year, graduating with 
Phi Beta Kappa rank in scholarship. 

The year following graduation, he was Principal of the academy 
at Hinesburgh, Vt. In December, 1869, he began the study of 
law in the office of Judge William C. Shaw in Burlington, and 
in 1870 entered the Columbia College Law School. He was 
admitted to the Chittenden (Vt.) County Bar in September, 1871, 
and formed a partnership with Washburn, which was continued 
till 1874, when Washburn withdrew. He became prominent in 
his profession. From 1882 to 1884 he was State's Attorney for 
Chittenden County, and from 1889 to 1891 he was City Attorney 



234 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

for the City of Burlington. On April 2, 1894, he was appointed 
Judge of the City Court, being the unanimous choice of the 
County irrespective of party. During his six years in this office 
many important cases came before him and his decisions gave 
unusual satisfaction. 

December 31, 1872, he was married to Kate Beecher, daughter 
of Dr. Elmer Beecher of Hinesburgh, Vt. She is descended 
from famihes prominent in the American Revolution, in one of 



which was Roger Sherman, who signed the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. The first American ancestor of the Beecher family 
came from England about 1630 and settled in Connecticut. Mr, 
and Mrs. Russell had three children: Flora Emeline, born July 
12, 1875; William Julius, born December 25, 1876; Elmer 
Beecher, born January 15. 1885; all at Burlington. 

Flora was married May 8, 1907, to Mahlon P. Lamoureux of 
Minneapolis. Minn., and has two children: Russell, born July 
4, 191 1 ; Mahlon, born April 6, 1913. 

William was graduated as Bachelor of Arts from the University 
of Vermont in 1898, and is a member of the firm of Gregory, 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES GRADUATES 235 

Jennison & Company, grain commission merchants, of Minne- 
apolis. He was married January i6, 1912, to Hazel Alness of 
St. Paul, and has one child, Dudley, born April 6, 1913- 

Elmer was graduated as Bachelor of Philosophy from the 
University of Vermont in 1906, studied law at Harvard, and 
received the degree of M.A. from Columbia in 1911. 

Judge Julius W, Russell died of typhoid fever at his home in 
Burlington, February 25, 1900, at the age of fifty-three years. 
Mrs. Russell lives in the old home at Burlington. 



Francis Eugene Seagrave 

Son of John and Almena (Ross) Seagrave. He is descended in the 
fifth generation from Captain Edward Seagrave, who commanded a com- 
pany of infantry from Uxbridge, Mass., in the War of the Revolution, 
and from his son, John Seagrave, who enlisted at the age of fifteen years 
in the same company, at first as a fifer and later as a regular soldier, 
and served to the end of the war. On his mother's side, his grandfather, 
Ziba Ross, served in the American army during the War of l8l2. 

Francis E. Seagrave was born November 5, 1843, at Belling- 
ham, Mass. In 1845 his parents returned to the home of the 



236 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Seagrave family in Uxbridge, where they were living when he 
entered Yale. He was prepared for college at Phillips Academy, 
Andover, and graduated from Yale with Phi Beta Kappa rank 
in scholarship, and was one of the Presidents of Linonia. 

After graduation he was Principal of the High School at 
Toledo, Ohio, till July, 1871, when he resigned his position and 
engaged in banking, becoming a member of the firm of Raymer 
& Seagrave. This firm became Raymer, Seagrave & Company in 
1873, when his brother, Orville B. Seagrave of Uxbridge, was 
admitted as a member. They were very successful financially for 
a number of years, but in 1883 became somewhat involved in some 
large operations, and in December, 1884, the firm was dissolved. 

About January i, 1885, the new firm of Seagrave Brothers was 
formed and offices were opened at Toledo, Ohio, and at Boston 
and Uxbridge, Mass. Business started with very flattering pros- 
pects, but the sudden death of O. B. Seagrave in February, 1886, 
was a serious blow. F. B. Seagrave conducted the business under 
the name of Seagrave Brothers after that date. 

Seagrave was among the first to become interested in electric 
railways, and has constructed several important lines. In 1901 
he was Secretary and Treasurer of the Toledo & Western Rail- 
way Company, and in 1903-06 was President of the Toledo & 
Chicago Interurban Railway Company. In 1906-07 he built the 
Indianapolis & New Castle Railway. He has not been actively 
engaged in railroad construction since November, 1907, but has 
been interested in mining operations in Colorado. 

He was married to Charlotte C. Lee, July i, 1869, at Toledo, 
Ohio, and has had five children, all born at Toledo: Mary 
Almena, December 7, 1871 ; Jessie Lee, May 14, 1874; Harry 
Wentworth, February 25, 1878, died April 21, 1884; Walter 
Howard, September 12, 1881 ; Lillian Miner, October 26, 1885. 

Mary Almena was married to Rodell D. Murray at Toledo, 
January 23, 1906. They have two daughters, bom at Toledo: 
Evelyn Huntington Murray, February 6, 1910; Charlotte Dexter 
Murray, February 22, 19 14. 

Jessie Lee is a teacher in the Public Schools of Toledo. 

Walter Howard was married to Alice Duty at Cleveland, Ohio, 
June 6, 191 1. He received the degree of Ph.B. from Yale in 
1904, and of LL.B. from Western Reserve in 1907, and is now 
practicing law in Cleveland. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES ^37 

Lillian Miner was married to Ralph M. Chapman at Toledo, 
July 21, 1909. They have two children: Ralph Seagrave Chap- 
man, born December 31, 191 1 ; Walter Howard Chapman, born 
December 7, 1912. 

Mrs. Charlotte L. Seagrave died at her home in Toledo Decem- 
ber 6, 1912, 



Charles Edwin Searls 

Son of Edwin C. and Caroline (Maihewson) Searis. His falher's 
ancestors were English, his mother's Scotch. The Searls family came 
from Dorchester, England, to Dorchester, Mass., early in the history 
of the Colonies, and one branch drifted across the line into Windham 
County, Conn. The family motto is, "Swift as the greyhound and gentle 
as the dove." 

Charles E. Searls was born March 25, 1846, in Pomfret, Conn. 
He lived in Brooklyn, N. Y, from the time he was three years 
old till the death of his father in 1857, when he removed with 
his mother to Thompson and was prepared for college there by 
Henry S, Parker. 

After graduation he returned to Thompson, where he has since 
resided. He studied law with Hon. G. W. Phillips of Putnam, 



238 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

was admitted to the Bar in August, 1870, and has since prac- 
ticed his profession at Putnam. He was Town Clerk of Thomp- 
son in 1869 and 1870, a member of the Connecticut Legislature 
in 1871, Secretary of State in 1881-82, and received a compli- 
mentary vote for Member of Congress, from his County, in the 
Convention of 1884. In 1886 he was again member of the 
Connecticut House of Representatives, and was candidate for 
Speaker, but was defeated. In 1886 his name was prominently 
mentioned among the candidates for Lieutenant Governor. In 
1896 he was delegate from Connecticut to the Republican 
National Convention at St. L^ouis. He was Special Counsel to 
the Comptroller of the Currency in 1898 and 1899 ; was appointed, 
by the Judges, State's Attorney for Windham County in 1903, 
and has held that office continuously since ; and was Connecticut 
State Senator from the 28th Senatorial District in 1909 and 1910, 
serving as Chairman of the Judiciary Committee and also as 
Chairman of the Joint Committee on Rules and of the Senate 
Committee on Rules. 

Searls is a prominent man in Connecticut, and is respected and 
tnisted by both political parties alike for his integrity and fair- 
ness. He has, however, kept out of politics and devoted him- 
self almost exclusively to the practice of his profession. 

He is a member of the American Bar Association and of the 
State Bar Association, and has held offices in both. He is also 
a member of the National Economic League, and a Director of 
the Connecticut branch of the National Citizens' League. 

In a recent letter to the Secretary he writes : 

"I am getting to be something of a globe trotter, spending the sum- 
mers in Europe and a month or so every winter in some warm climate. 
I find that the old saying, 'All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy/ 
applies to me, and so I am taking a fair proportion of play with my 
work." 

He was married, October 8, 1902, at Trinity Church, Boston, 
to Sarah Alice Fell of that city. 

*William Roumage Shelton 

Son of William J. and Mary (Hough) Shelton. The family came from 
Stratford and Huntington. His ancestors were of Revolutionary stock, 
and his father, grandfather, and great-grandfather were all physicians. 
His grandfather and great-grandfather were both graduates of Yale. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES GRADUATES 239 

William R. Shelton was bom in Bridgeport, Conn., September 
II, 1845. He was prepared for college by Hubbard Arnold of 
New Haven, and entered the Class of '68 at the beginning of 
Sophomore year. 

In 1866 he received from President Andrew Johnson an 
appointment to the West Point Military Academy from Connect- 
icut, which appointment he was allowed to turn over to his 
younger brother, Edwin H. Shelton, while he continued his under- 



graduate studies at Yale. This brother was graduated from 
West Point in 1870, commissioned Second Lieutenant in the 
First Regiment United States Cavalry, and was sent to the west- 
em frontier, where he participated in many encounters with the 
Indians. He died in the service January 13, 1880. 

After graduation from Yale, Shelton returned to Bridgeport, 
where he studied law with Henry S. Sanford. He was admitted 
to the Bar in June, 1872, and at once began the practice of his 
profession in his native city. He was Assistant City Attorney 
of Bridgeport in 1874 and 1875, and Deputy Judge of the City 
Court of Bridgeport from 1875 to 1877. 



24© THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

July 4, 1884, he was appointed Assistant Clerk of the Superior 
Court, and October 14 of the same year he was made Clerk of 
the Court of Common Pleas for Fairfield County. April 21, 
1891, he was appointed Clerk of the Superior Court, and Clerk 
of the Supreme Court of Errors, which offices he held till fail- 
ing health forced him to resign them in 1908. Shelton's posi- 
tion as Clerk of the Fairfield County Superior and Supreme 
Courts for nearly two decades brought him into touch with the 
entire legal fraternity of Connecticut, and made him known to 
members of the Bar in many other states of the Union. Among 
the legal profession, his administration of the office of Clerk was 
everywhere noted for its proficiency, the clearness and legibility 
of his records, their unvarying freedom from errors, even of the 
most minute degree. The records of his office during his admin- 
istration are said to be models of their kind, and it was said 
by prominent lawyers of other states that his court records 
were the best in any court in New England. 

After a long illness, he died of heart failure, January 13, 191 1, 
at the home of his sister, Mrs. William H. Stevenson, in Bridge- 
port. He was sixty-five years of age. Funeral services were 
held on January 16, which were largely attended by the business 
and professional men of the city. The interment was in Moun- 
tain Grove Cemetery. 

The following loving tribute was paid to his memory by the 
Bar of Fairfield County : 

"The Bar of Fairfield County desires to affectionately place upon its 
records this tribute to the memory of our deceased brother, the late 
William R. Shelton, whose personality had become endeared to us by 
many years of professional, official and social intimacy, and whose 
lamented death occurred on the 13th of January, 191 1. 

"Born in Bridgeport, September 11, 1845, a graduate from the Academ- 
ical Department of Yale College in the Class of 1868, for four years there- 
after a diligent student of the law, under the late Henry S. Sanford, 
when he began the practice in June, 1872, his admirable equipment, his 
naturally discriminating and well-balanced mind, his high integrity, and 
large and influential acquaintance opened to him the prospect of an 
honorable and lucrative career at the Bar; and for a while he pursued 
that course, with no effort at spectacular display, but in a manner that 
impressed all who had knowledge of his work with a distinct idea of his 
unusual legal ability. 

"He was not, however, destined to continue long in that particular line 
of activity, but was soon called to other fields of usefulness. As Assist- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 24 1 

ant Attorney of the City of Bridgeport and Judge of the City Court, 
he exhibited the qualities demanded by those responsible positions and 
acquitted himself in the discharge of their important duties with invariable 
distinction. 

"In October, 1884, he was appointed Clerk of the Court of Common 
Pleas for Fairfield County by the Honorable trederic B. Hall, then 
Judge of that Court and now Chief Justice of the State. The same year 
he was selected by the Judges of the Superior Court as Assistant Clerk 
of that Court in this County, and, having held that position until April 
12, 1891, he was promoted to the higher office of Clerk, and served in 
the latter capacity until July i, 1908, when, by failing health, to the great 
regret of the Court and Bar, he was compelled to retire. It was dur- 
ing this long period of his official labors so intimately related to the 
daily life and pursuits of the entire profession that we came to know 
him best, and to appreciate his rare fitness for the place, and the unfail- 
ing fidelity, accuracy, patience and kindliness that characterized his 
intercourse with us, in that exacting and laborious round. 

"No one not familiar with the details of judicial archives and procedure 
can comprehend, and even practicing lawyers are apt to forget, and it 
is well that we should, in this memorial to our deceased brother, recall, 
consider, and realize how much is due to the faithful clerk; what knowl- 
edge of law he must possess, what memory he must exercise, what 
familiarity with rules and forms and precedents he must have, what con- 
stancy and punctuality he must at all times display, what readiness to 
meet extraordinary emergencies, to solve unusual complications, to grant 
every request, and to bear every burden, is demanded of him ; and with 
what courtesy and inexhaustible good nature he is expected to comply 
with these most onerous requirements. 

"It can truly be said, and it is enough to say, that William R. Shelton 
fully exemplified this noble ideal. 

"The documents and volumes where his diligent and careful hand traced 
the history of litigation are a monument to his efficient public service. 

"His sterling and amiable character has a lasting place in our loving 
remembrance. 

Robert E. DeForest, 
Morris W. Seymour, 
Morris B. Beardsley, 

Committee. 

"Upon motion to the Superior Court, in session at Bridgeport, on Fri- 
day, February 17, 1911, Hon. Milton A. Shumway, Judge, presiding, it 
was ordered that the foregoing Memorial be spread upon the Records 

of the Superior Court. 

William T. Haviland, Clerk." 

William Merrick Slay 

Son of William and Louisa (Onins) Slay, of Queen Anne County, 
Md., and brother of John O. Slay (Yale College 1859). His father 
16 



34* THE CLASS OF IO68, YALE COLLEGE 

returned in 1847 to Kent County, Delaware, which had been the home of 
the Slay family for more than a hundred years. 

William M. Slay was bom August 5, 1846, in Queen Anne 
County, and was prepared for college by William A. Reynolds of 
Dover, Del., a native of Rhode Island and a graduate of Wesleyan 
College, Middletown, Conn. He joined the Class of '68 at the 
beginning of Sophomore year. 



After graduation he taught one year at Chestertown, Md., and 
studied law two years in the same place, with his brother, in the 
office of Vickers & Slay. In October, 1871, he was admitted to 
the Ear, and has since been established as an attorney -at -law in 
Chestertown. He soon acquired a good, active, and constant 
practice. As side issues, he has indulged in farming and politics. 
He writes that he considers himself a very fair farmer, but a 
very poor politician; but whatever he may think of his own 
work, he certainly as a public official has rendered the kind of 
service that the country needs. 

In 1883 he was a candidate for the office of State's Attorney for 
Kent County, Md., for a term of four years. After a very hot 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES— GRADUATES 243 

fight he was defeated in a very close contest; but at the next 
election, in 1891, received the unanimous vote of the Demo- 
cratic Nominating Convention on the first ballot, and was elected 
without opposition, the Republican party making no nomination 
against him, though that party frequently elects a portion, and, 
on two occasions, has elected all of its ticket in that county. He 
held the office eight years, being elected again without opposition 
in 1895. He was eminently successful in this office in a number 
of important cases, civil and criminal. 

Slay holds the record in the United States for the conviction 
of the largest number of murderers in one case. While State's 
Attorney in 1892, he prosecuted nine negroes indicted together 
for the murder of Dr. Hill, and convicted eight of them of mur- 
der in the first degree. After the trial, being satisfied from a 
long and close study of the case that at least four of the prisoners, 
owing to their extreme youth, ought not to suffer death, in defi- 
ance of the maddened public clamor throughout the State for the 
blood of all the murderers, almost alone he faced the hostile pub- 
lic press and people, interceded with the Governor and explained 
the case to him, and secured from him the commutation of the 
death sentences of the four youthful convicts to imprisonment 
for life. 

In the Democratic State Convention of 1896, Slay was nomi- 
nated for Presidential Elector, but the national ticket was defeated 
in Maryland. In 1898 he suffered a severe attack of typhoid 
fever, which left him a physical and nervous wreck, and all 
thought of further activity in any line of business was necessarily 
abandoned; but after several years of comparative helplessness, 
he gradually regained a little strength physically and mentally, 
and by following strictly the advice of Dr. William Osier to keep 
himself busy with light work and diversion, he continued to mend, 
though very slowly, and in 1907 took up again a strenuous busi- 
ness life and also entered somewhat into politics. His special 
business was that of straightening out an exceedingly large and 
taiigled estate, on which he is still at work. 

In the same year (1907) he was elected State Senator. The 
following extract from a private letter from ex-Attorney Gen- 
eral Isaac Lobe Straus shows what was thought of Slay's work 
as a State Senator: 



244 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

"I hope you will not think I am bandying compliments when I say that 
I have always put the highest value upon your services in the Senate. 
No one had a better opportunity than I,. as Attorney General, to observe 
and estimate the worth of your work, and I unhesitatingly say that in 
devotion to the public interests and in intelligent and vigorous eflfort to 
that end, unmoved by all personal or private considerations, your services 
were not surpassed in absolute value by those of any man in the Senate 
during the Sessions in which you served." 

Slay is a Director and the Attorney of the People's Bank of 
Chestertown, and has been for many years a member of the Board 
of Visitors and Governors of Washington College at Chester- 
town, an institution at whose dedication General Washington him- 
self was present. 

December 3, 1885, he was married, at Chestertown, to Augusta 
Eccleston Hynson, daughter of Richard Hynson, Esq. 



*Thomas Chalmers Sloane 

Fifth son of William and Euphemia (Douglas) Sloane and brother 
of Henry T. Sloane of the Class of '66. 

Thomas C. Sloane was bom in the City of New York, October 
21, 1847, was prepared for college by James N. McEUigott of 
that city and entered Yale with the Class of '68. He was a 
member of the Spoon Committee and delivered the Latin Salu- 
tatory at the Wooden Spoon Exhibition. 

After graduation he joined his father and brothers, who, under 
the firm name of W. & J. Sloane, were engaged in the carpet 
business in New York City. He brought to the business the 
enthusiasm of youth restrained by rare good judgment, and a 
comprehensive knowledge of men and affairs quite remarkable in 
one of his years. So eager was he to assume and discharge his 
full share of the duties and responsibilities incident to the con- 
trol and management of a large and increasing business, that he 
failed to realize that he might be overtaxing his strength. 

Devotion to business did not narrow his views of life. He 
fondly cherished the love of Alma Mater, and was ever ready to 
assist, with mon^y and advice, all efforts to increase the useful- 
ness of the University. In 1880, after the death of his father, 
he suggested to his brother, Henry T. Sloane, that in no way 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 245 

could they more worthily show their love and veneration for 
their father's memory than by the gift to the University of a 
suitable memorial. The suggestion was acted upon, and the 
Sloane Physical Laboratory (now called Sloane Lecture Hall), 
completed in 1883, the gift of the brothers, was the result. 

Later, in response to the call of those who deemed a new gym- 
nasium necessary in order to supply the increasing demands of 
the students, he diligently assisted in securing the necessary 



funds, contributing liberally himself for the purchase of the land 
and erection of the Gymnasium, which was completed and pre- 
sented to the University in 1892. In June, 1889, he was elected 
by the Alumni a member of the Yale Corporation. His rare 
personal qualities, his business experience and efficiency, made him 
a very useful member of that body. 

Concerning his personal traits little need be said, for we all 
knew him from his boyhood up. It would be difficult to say why 
we loved him ; but we all agree that he was, as boy and man, 
worthy of the love we bore him. His character won respect; 
his kindly manner and considerate thought of others made friends 
of all with whom he came in contact. 



346 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

On the 3d day of June, 1873, he married Priscilla P. Dixon, 
daughter of Courtlandt P. and Hannah Elizabeth Dixon. Dur- 
ing the winter of 1888 his health, which had not been robust, 
began to fail, and Bright's disease soon developed. About the 
middle of June, 1890, he removed to Lenox, Mass., where he had 
arranged to spend the summer. He died there very suddenly, on 
the 17th day of June, 1890. 



*Charles Edwin Smith 

Son of Richard Smith, proprietor of the Cincinnati Gaselte, and Mar; 
(Quinn) Smith. 

Charles E. Smith was bom in Cincinnati, September 29, 1847, 
and was prepared for college at the Chickering Institute in that 
city. 

After leaving college, he returned to Cincinnati and entered 
the editorial department of the Cincinnati Gazette, expecting to 
succeed his father in the management of that paper. His work 
here was creditable, and gave promise of a successful career. 
About 1876 he became conscious of pulmonary weakness, which 
threatened to become serious, A vacation of several months 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 247 

spent in Colorado and California helped him so much that he 
returned to Cincinnati, confident of a permanent cure. It was 
not thought best that he should take up again his editorial duties 
till his health was fully established, and he accepted a position 
temporarily in the Internal Revenue Office. He was, however, 
soon compelled to relinquish this position by reason of failing 
strength. From this time he declined rapidly till his death, which 
occurred at his residence in Clifton, December 23, 1880. 

He had in him the seed and promise of an honorable and use- 
ful life. He was upright in his dealings, fair in his judgments, 
friendly in his manner, true in his affections, strong in his con- 
victions, careful in his decisions. His was a well-rounded char- 
acter. Boyish in his appearance, he was singularly mature in his 
views and in the way he looked on life. 

He was married February 20, 1873, to Sophia B. Whiteman, 
daughter of B. B. Whiteman, Esq., of Cincinnati. Mrs. Smith 
survived her husband only four years, dying November 13, 1884, 
leaving a son, Whiteman Smith, born June 20, 1879. 

Mase Shepard Southworth 

Son of Hon. Edward Southworth (Harvard College 1826) and Ann 
Elizabeth (Shepard) Southworth. Edward Southworth was a lineal 
descendant of Edward Southworth, the Leyden pilgrim, who returned 
from Holland to England in 1620 and died the following year. In 1623 
his wife, Alice Southworth, came with her two young children, Constant 
and Thomas, to Plymouth, where she married Governor William Brad- 
ford, then a widower, and the two Southworth boys were brought up in 
the Bradford family. Ann Elizabeth Shepard was daughter of Rev. 
Mase Shepard (Dartmouth College 1785) of Little Compton, R. I., and 
sister of Professor Charles U. Shepard of Amherst College. Her mother, 
Deborah Hoskins, was a sister of Ruth Hoskins, the mother of Ralph 
Waldo Emerson. 

Three brothers have graduated at Yale: George C. S. Southworth 
of the Class of 1863, Professor of English Literature in Kenyon Col- 
lege; Dr. Edward Southworth of the Class of 1879; and Dr. Thomas S. 
Southworth of New York City, of the Class of 1883. 

Mase S. Southworth was born in West Springfield, Mass., 
September 23, 1847, and was prepared for college at Phillips 
Academy, Andover. 

He left the class at the end of the first term of Junior year, 
and spent several years in the study of chemistry at Gottingen 



248 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

and Tubingen, Germany, receiving the degree of Ph.D. at Tubin- 
gen, August 2, 1872. In 1877 he received the degree of M.A. 
from Yale, with enrollment in the Class of '68. In 1876 he was 
appointed Professor of Chemistry at Williams College, but 
resigned his professorship in 1881 and went abroad for further 
study. After his return he continued his studies in chemistry, 
but in recent years he has been forced to give more and more 
attention to business interests. He is a Director of the Spring- 



field Fire and Marine Insurance Company, and Trustee of the 
Hampden Savings Bank and the Union Relief Association. 

He was married, November 25, 1879, to Mary \'irginia Mai- 
lory of New York City. 



*Edward Leavitt Spencer 

Son of William and Mary J. (Dunham) Spencer. The Spencers were 
farmers and traders who had emigrated from England in the latter 
part of the seventeenth century. Selden Spencer removed about 1760 
from eastern Massachusetts, where the family had been settled for sev- 
eral generations, to the vicinity of Hartford, Conn. His grandson, 
William Spencer, father of our classmate, was born in Cheshire, Conn., 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 249 

in 1804, and died in New Haven in 1868. He was for many years a 
member of the wholesale dry goods firm of McCurdy, Aldrich & Spencer 
of New York. Mary Jane Dunham was born in Berlin, Conn., in 1822, 
and died in Morristown. N. J., in 1894- The Dunham family had lived 
in the vicinity of Berlin for a number of generations, and had been 
farmers and seafaring people. 

Edward L. Spencer was bom May 20, 1847, in Brooklyn, N. Y., 
and was prepared for college at the Episcopal Academy, Cheshire, 
Conn. 



After graduation lie traveled in Europe for a year and a half, 
and then attended Columbia College Law School, where he 
received the degree of LL.B. in May, 1872. After another tour 
of Europe he settled in New York City in the practice of his 
profession. He made a specialty of real estate law in New York 
City and Brooklyn. 

May I, iSS,-?, he entered into partnership with Spencer Aldrich 
(Columbia College 1874). a son of his father's old partner, with 
whom he was associated in the management of the Aldrich estate. 
In May, 1894, he severed his connection with this estate and 
devoted himself to real estate law in New York City. 

He died at the Methodist Episcopal Hospital, in New York 
City, May 2, 1905, in the fifty-eighth year of his age. 



25 O THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

In a private letter to the Secretary a few years before his 
death, he wrote: 

"My life has been a quiet one. My engagements confine me somewhat 
closely to the office during business hours, and when these are over, Eng- 
lish and French literature have become my pleasure and study. I have 
taken no active part in politics, but hold decided views therein. I have 
grown up in my political life with the Evening Post, and am glad that 
that journal generally agrees with me in matters of political faith. It 
is, therefore, unnecessary for me to explain what that faith is. 

"In closing, let me assure you, and through you the other members of 
the Class of '68, that their classmate, now a gray-haired and middle- 
aged man, retains in his heart an affection for them and for Old Yale, 
as warm as in the days when we were boys together. The memories of 
those days are very pleasant to me." 

Spencer was married in New York City, September 25, 1871, to 
Katharine Angell Weeden, who was bom in Providence, R. I., 
in 1850. On the paternal side she is descended from the Weeden 
family which had settled in Rhode Island in early Colonial times. 
Several members of this family took part in the Revolutionary 
War. On the maternal side she is descended from the King 
family of Rhode Island, who were also early settlers there. Sam- 
uel Ward King, her grandfather, was Governor of Rhode Island, 
during the so-called '*Dorr'' rebellion. 

Mr. and Mrs. Spencer had three children: Mabel, bom Sep- 
tember I, 1873, ^^^d September i, 1873; Elliott Linn, bom 
August I, 1875; Edith, born December 25, 1877. 

Elliott was graduated in 1896 from Cornell University, with 
the degree of M.E., and is engaged in the engineering depart- 
ment of the gas industry. He is at present Chief Engineer of 
the Central Union Gas Company of New York. In 1905 he was 
married to Anna Dare of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Edith was married in 1897 to Newton Ailing, Vice-President 
of the National Nassau Bank of New York. They have one 
child, Kathryn, born in 1899. 

Mrs. Katharine W. Spencer resides at 490 St. Nicholas Avenue, 
New York City. 

*Calvin Daniel Stowell 

Son of John C. and Marietta (Lord) Stowell, was born in 
Ithaca, N. Y., January 25, 1846, and was prepared for college 
at Ithaca Academy. 



BIOGRAFHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 251 

Immediately after graduation he returned to Itliaca and entered 
into partnership with his father in the wholesale grocery trade, 
under the firm name of J. C. Stowell, Son & Company, and was 
actively engaged in that business till his death. In addition to 
his other business activities, he was a Director of the First 
National Bank of Ithaca, a Trustee of the City Hospital Associa- 
tion, a Trustee of the Ladies' Union Benevolent Society, and 
closely identified with the Inlet Mission. He was also a mem- 



ber and Trustee of the First Presbyterian Church. During the 
later years of his life he had borne the greater share of the burden 
of the business, gradually relieving his venerable father of its 
cares and responsibilities. 

A few years before his death, he wrote to the Secretary : 
"My life has b«en fairly prosperous, peaceful, uneventful, free from 
bereavement and misfortune, not glorified to any extent by honors or 
titles, and yet not without a certain amount of success not satisfying to 
my ambition, but perhaps sufficient." 

He was married at Ithaca, December i8, 1873, to Amelia W. 
Esty (Vassar 1871), daughter of Senator Edward S. Esty, and 



252 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

had three children: Mary Esty, born June i6, 1877; Edward 
Esty, bom October 22, 1879; Harley Lord, born December 30, 
1883. 

Mary Esty Stowell was graduated from Vassar in 1899, ^^^ 
was married September 27, 1910, to Archibald R. Davidson. A 
son, Archibald R. Davidson, Jr., was bom August 17, 191 1. 

Edward E. Stowell was graduated from Hamilton in 1901, from 
Columbia Law School in 1904, and is a member of the firm*of 
Greene, Hurd & Stowell, counsellors at law, in New York City. 
He was married June 24, 191 1, to Alice Fellowes, and has a son, 
Edward Esty Stowell, Jr., born May 29, 1912. Mr. Stowell 
resides at 829 Park Avenue. 

Harley Lord Stowell was graduated from Hamilton in 1905, 
and from the Harvard Law School in 1908, and is practicing in 
New York City with the firm of Rounds & Schurman. 

Stowell died of angina pectoris at his home in Ithaca on Feb- 
ruary 26, 1901, at the age of fifty-five years. 

After her husband's death, Mrs. Stowell spent part of her 
time in Ithaca and part in New York City. She withdrew almost 
entirely from social activities, and devoted her time very largely 
to charity, being interested in, and a contributor to, a wide variety 
of institutions. She was a member of the Daughters of the Revo- 
lution and of the Mayflower Society. She died on September 

I9» 1913- 



*Henry Stuart Swayne 

Son of Justice Noah H. Swayne (LL.D. Yale College) of the United 
States Supreme Court, and of Sarah Ann (Wager) Swayne. The family 
is descended from Francis Swayne, who came to America with William 
Penn, and settled near Philadelphia. Three brothers are graduates of 
Yale College: Gen. Wager Swayne of the Class of 1856, Noah H. 
Swayne of the Class of 1870, and Frank B. Swayne of the Class of 1872. 

Henry S. Swayne was born in Columbus, Ohio, June 2, 1845, 
and was prepared for college by Edwin C. Benson of Gam- 
bier,. Ohio. He was a member of '67 till the second term of its 
Sophomore year, and entered '68 in September, 1865. 

After graduation he was engaged in business for one year. 
He was Assistant Civil Engineer of the St. Paul, Minneapolis 



BlOCR^iPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 25.! 

& Manitoba Railroad from 1869 till the spring of 1872, when 
he resigned and went abroad, returning the following winter. 
January 1, 1873, he entered into partnership with H. Osbom and 
H. J. Chase of Toledo, Ohio, under the finn name of Osbom, 
Chase & Swayne, for the purpose of manufacturing mouldings. 
They were doing a fine business until October 2, 1873, when they 
were burned out with heavy loss. They rebuilt and continued 
the business till January i, 1885, when Swayne withdrew in order 



to have time to attend to the care of property in which he had 
become interested. 

He was married at Bloomington, III.. December 22. 1875, to 
Sallie W. Davis, daughter of Hon. David Davis, Vice-President 
of the United States. On the death of Vice-President Davis, 
he was made executor of his estate. 

In August, 1893, he returned from Europe, where he had been 
traveling for several months. Soon after his return, serious 
pulmonary trouble developed, the result of a cold contracted in 
Paris. He grew rapidly worse, and died, at his home in Bloom- 
ington, November 25, 1893. 



THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 



*James Kingsley Thacher 

The eldest son of Professor Thomas A. Thacher (Vale College 1835) 
and of Elizabeth (Day) Thacher, daughter of President Jeremiah Day 
(Yale College i?95). Six brothers are graduates of Yale College: 
Thomas Thacher in 1871; Edward S, Thacher in 1872; Alfred B. 
Thacher in 1874; Dr. John S. Thacher in 1877; Sherniait D. Thacher in 
1883; William L. Thacher in 1887. 

James K. Thacher was born in New Haven, Conn., October 
19, 1S47, and was prepared for college at the Hopkins Grammar 
School, in New Haven. 

He spent the first two years after graduation as a teacher in 
California, and the third in study in New Haven. From 1S71 
to 1879 he was tutor in piiysics in Yale College. He received 
the degree of M.D. from the Yale Medical School in 1879, and 
at once began the practice of medicine in New Haven. In the 
same year he was appointed Professor of Physiolt^y in the Yale 
Medical School. The subject of Clinical Medicine was added 
to his professorship in 1887. In addition to his lectures in the 
Medical School, he gave instruction in physiology and zoology 
to the academic students until 1888, 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 255 

Dr. Thacher was ardently devoted to his profession. He car- 
ried to the bedside of his patients the same thoroughness that 
marked his researches in more purely scientific studies. No 
detail was too trivial to be noted and weighed, so long as it 
could have a bearing upon the case ; and he felt that it devolved 
upon him to see that failure of treatment did not come through 
ignorance or want of care and attention on the part of others. 

He was eminently fair in his judgments and inflexibly honest 
in the expression of his opinion, and hated all show and 
pretension. 

He was not content simply to practice medicine, but loved the 
theoretical and practical sides of his profession, and visitors in 
his study often found him at work with German and French 
texts, keeping abreast of the most authoritative medical con- 
clusions, especially those bearing on diagnosis, in which depart- 
ment of medical science he won distinction. 

His scientific investigations were of permanent value. Of 
his published papers, the following are best known : 

"Median and Paired Fins, a Contribution to the History of Verte- 
brate Limbs." Transactions of the Connecticut Academy, 1877, p. 281 ff. 
'Professor Maxwell on the Relativity of Motion." Mind, April, 1879. 
'Physiological Action of Electricity." 1885. 

The Relation of Cardiac Hypertrophy to Nephritis." Proceedings of 
the Connecticut Medical Society, 1888, p. 87 flF. 

"General Physiology of the Nerves." Buck's Reference Handbook of 
Medical Science, Vol. V, pp. 136-142, 1888. 

"Pulse-wave Velocity and Ventricular Qose-time in Health." Trans- 
actions of American Physicians, 1888. 

The first of these has been most widely read. It involved a 
criticism of Huxley and Geyenbaur on vertebrate evolution, 
which had hitherto occupied the field. The gist of Dr. Thacher's 
view was that the limbs of the higher vertebrates had developed 
from the fins of fishes. His work at once attracted attention 
both in England and in Germany. 

He also had charge of the department of medicine, surgery 
and physiology in the Century Dictionary, and his contributions 
to this book show what a great amount of original literary work 
was prepared by him, or under his immediate supervision. 

His practice was extensive, and among many of the best fami- 
lies in the city, but he was always ready to attend to the wants 






256 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

of the poor, and to serve, without remuneration, in the hospital 
and other public institutions. He never shrank from the call 
of duty, however repellant and uninviting, but devoted himself 
to the relief of suflfering wherever he found it, and without any 
thought of his own discomfort or danger. 

His death was very sudden. On returning from his profes- 
sional visits on Friday, he was taken seriously ill with pneumonia, 
and he lived only until seven o'clock on the following Monday 
morning, April 20, 1891. 

The following obituary notice, from the pen of Dr. DeForest, 
was published in the Proceedings of the Connecticut Medical 
Society of 1891 : 

"While ably discharging his duties as tutor, he had still found time to 
make valuable investigation in regard to vertebrate evolution, and his 
work on this subject received wide-spread attention and praise both in 
this country and Europe. Indeed, when, in the summer of 1885, Dr. 
Thacher visited the various European countries, he found that this work 
had in advance won him many warm friends. 

"But although greatly interested in that department of science, and 
although especially fitted to conduct such original investigation, he felt 
himself drawn into other lines of work. For shortly after his appoint- 
ment to a professorship in the Medical School, that institution was 
reorganized to better meet the requirements of the present time. To this 
work of reorganization and development Dr. Thacher devoted himself. 
A skillful organizer, an indefatigable worker, and a tireless student, he 
had the qualities which insure success. The attainment of one object was 
but the incentive to labor for another, and the work grew and prospered 
in his hands. Well versed in all branches of clinical medicine, he was 
especially interested and skilled in disorders of the nervous system. A 
large portion of his time, both at the Medical School Clinics and at the 
State Hospital where he had for years been one of the staff, was spent 
in studying this class of diseases. 

"In general practice, his abilities and learning had already won for him 
a high reputation. Entirely free from all the small faults of the pro- 
fession, conscientious, considerate, modest and frank, he impressed all 
with his unselfish devotion to scientific medicine. Elevated by such quali- 
ties and ambitions, he made no enemies. 

"His skill in differential diagnosis caused his advice to be often sought 
in consultation. To the young practitioner especially was Dr. Thacher 
a delightful and profitable consultant. His genial spirit of comradeship, 
his genuine and unselfish interest in a case, his delight in investigating 
and in clearing up obscure and difficult points, in bringing out the impor- 
tant features of the disease, and his skill in deciding upon their rational 
treatment, will long be gratefully remembered by many." 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 257 

Dr. Thacher was married in Boston, September lo, 1878, to 
Emily Baldwin Foster, daughter of Judge Dwight Foster (Yale 
College 1848), and had three children: Henrietta Foster, born 
January 17, 1880; Henry Clarke, bom June 30, 1881 ; Thomas 
Anthony, born July 2, 1887. 

Henrietta Foster was graduated from Bryn Mawr College in 
1901, taught three years at the Bryn Mawr School in Baltimore, 
and is now living with her mother at 216 Edwards Street, New 
Haven. 

Henry Clarke was graduated from Yale College in 1902, and 
from Johns Hopkins Medical School in 1906. He is practicing 
medicine, associated with his uncle, Dr. John Thacher, in New 
York City. He was married in Washington, D. C, October 21, 
191 1, to Ethel, daughter of Dr. Joseph Longworth Anderson of 
Cincinnati. 

Thomas Anthony was graduated from Yale College in 1908 
and from the Yale Law School in 1910. He is in the law office 
of his uncle, Thomas Thacher, 62 Cedar Street, New York City. 

*Nathaniel Phillips Smith Thomas 

Son of Allen M. and Charlotte P. (Smith) Thomas, and brother of 
Rev. E. S. Thomas (Yale College 1858) and A. S. Thomas (Yale College 
1869). 

Nathaniel P. S. Thomas was born in Wickford, R. I., Novem- 
ber 17, 1844, and was prepared for Yale at the Hopkins Grammar 
School. Before entering college he served as Commodore's 
Aide in the U. S. Navy. 

He was graduated in May, 1870, at the Columbia College Law 
School, and began practicing in Minneapolis, Minn. In 1873 
he returned to Wickford to reside, and opened during the same 
year a law office in Providence. He built up a good law business 
and gave some attention to politics. 

He was elected to the General Assembly of Rhode Island in 
1874, and reelected in 1875, ^"^ ^^om 1876 to 1879 was Clerk 
of the State Senate. In 1878 he was a member of the Board of 
Education at Wickford. From 1879 till his death, he was one 
of the Commissioners of Shell Fisheries, and made a careful 
study of the various methods of cultivating oysters. For twelve 
years he was a member of the Republican State Central Com- 

17 



as? THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

mittee and for most of that period its Secretary, He was also 
Commander of Rodman Post, G. A. R., and Judge Advocate 
General on the Staff of the Department Commander. 

He had suffered from angina pectoris for several years, and 
during the winter of 1889-90 he visited Europe in the hope that 
he would be benefited by rest and a change of scene. While 
there he was taken seriously ill with la grippe complicated with 
pneumonia. As soon as he was able, he returned home, but from 



the effects of this illness he never fully recovered. He died May 
12, 1890. His death came at last very suddenly, as he had 
attended to his duties as usual the day before, in good spirits 
and apparently in comfortable health. 



♦Anson Phelps Tinker 

Youngest child of Deacon Reuben Champion and Almira (Wade) 
Tinker. Reuben Champion Tinker, born at Kartr^ht, N. Y., April 13, 
1805, married March 29. 1837, Almira Wade, who was borti April 15. 180S, 
in Old Lyme. He was a deacon of the church in Old Lyme for many 
years and died there January 6, 1876. His wife died there June 12, 1888. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES— GRADUATES 259 

Anson Phelps Tinker was bom m Old Lyme, Conn., October 
15, 1844. When he was about seventeen years of age, he entered 
on a business hfe in New York City, but soon after, forming the 
purpose of going to college, he left New York and resumed his 
studies, which he pursued for a year in the High School in South 
Weymouth, Mass. 

He entered Yale with the Class of '67, but in the spring of his 
Freshman year withdrew on account of ill-health, and reentered 



in the fall with tJie Oass of '68. He won prizes in Composition, 
Declamation and Debate; was one of the speakers at Junior 
Exhibition and Commencement, was an editor of the Yale Lit- 
erary Magazine, and one of the six Townsend speakers for the 
DeForest Gold Medal ; and was graduated with Philosophical 
rank in scholarship. 

During the year following graduation he studied in the Yale 
Divinity School, and after that he was for a year Tutor of 
Mathematics in Yale College. He then completed his theological 
studies at Andover, and, before his graduation there in 1872, had 
accepted a call to the pastorate of tlie High Street Congregational 
Church in Auburn, Maine. On account of ill health he was 



26o THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

unable to enter immediately on his work and took a voyage to 
Europe, from which he returned in May, 1873. He was ordained 
and installed at Auburn, October 16. 

He was married, (i) October 9, 1873, to Martha J. White of 
South Weymouth. Mrs. Tinker died January 20, i88o, and he 
was married, (2) July 20, 188 1, to H. Maria Walker of Newton- 
ville, Mass., who died May 12, 1882. November 25, 1884, he 
was again married, (3) to Mrs. Kate (Elias) Longman of 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

He had two children by his first marriage, born at Auburn: 
Catharine Matson, July 26, 1874; Chauncey Brewster, October 
22, 1876. 

Catharine Matson is Instructor in Latin and Mathematics in 
the Hartford High School. 

Chauncey Brewster received the degree of Bachelor of Arts 
from Yale College in 1899, and his Doctor's degree in 1902. 
In 1899, while a graduate student, he was made Assistant in 
English in Yale College, and in the spring of 1900 gave instruc- 
tion in English in the Sheffield Scientific School. In the year 
1902-03 he was Associate in EngHsh at Bryn Mawr, returning 
to Yale in September, 1903, to accept an instructorship in English. 
He was made Assistant Professor in English in 1908, and pro- 
moted to a full professorship in 1914. In a letter to the Secre- 
tary, dated April 3, 1912, he writes: ^'Permit me to thank the 
Class of 1868, in the name of the family, for the interest which 
they have always shown in us. Not the least pleasant of my 
experiences at Yale has been the realization that the personality of 
my father lingers here in the affectionate memory of his friends." 

Tinker was dismissed from his charge in Auburn, December 20, 
1882, to accept the pastorate of the Fort Street Presbyterian 
Church, Detroit, Mich., but nine months later he was obliged, on 
account of pulmonary disease, to go to Colorado. Though par- 
tially restored to health, he was unable to return to his parish, 
but in June, 1885, undertook the charge of the Capitol Avenue 
Presbyterian Church in Denver. In the spring of 1886 he was 
obliged to give up preaching, and his death occurred in Denver, 
November 25, 1886, at the age of forty-two. 

Mrs. Tinker divides her time between the two children, resid- 
ing now in Hartford and now in New Haven. 

Rawson's beautiful tribute to Tinker in the Quarter Century 
Class Record is here repeated: 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 26 1 

"His exuberant enthusiasm, a marked characteristic, united with a 
marvellous patience in learning, a rare combination, made his fellowship 
an unusual privilege. He often said that at Andover he spent two of the 
happiest years of his life. He was a good comrade. There he found 
a group of Yale men who were proud of him, whose society he greatly 
enjoyed: Collins, '67; Woodruff, Rawson, '68; Dana, Phelps, '69; Sel- 
den, Terry, '70- He made his way through life under difficult circum- 
stances, for his health for many years, apparently good, was never robust. 
During all his professional life he was lavish of energetic effort, though 
frugal of energies outside his vocation. 

"Every one knew his enthusiasm. In this conventional age, it was 
refreshing to see. Coldness never took this burning heat out of him. It 
seemed inexhaustible. It found manifestation in all his life, whether at 
work or at play. People wondered at it and smiled, and yet were ever 
responsive to it. 

"He was kind and tender-hearted, loving and forgiving. His sympathy 
was an especial part of him. A vivid imagination let him into the secrets 
of other men's hopes and fears, so that he was of great help to them 
in his pulpit and pastoral work. 

"One bitterly cold winter night on Andover Hill, he suddenly arose from 
the firelight, although it was late, and, taking his hat and coat, went out 
against remonstrances, vouchsafing no information as to his errand. Not 
long after, it was learned that he had gone to apologize for a remark, 
which he thought might possibly have hurt the feelings of a classmate 
during the day. The friend afterwards said : *I wondered at his coming. 
I could not recall the remark, and I knew his genuinely kind heart.' No 
one could take offence at him. 

"Few men have had the gift of stirring speech, of fervid eloquence, in 
greater measure. In later years the torrential nature of his utterances 
was relieved by a composure which added dignity to his address and great 
charm of contrast. 

"In 1883, at Commencement, he spoke at the Alumni Meeting for the 
class. No one who was present will ever forget his words. He spoke from 
his heart, and most eloquently. Allusion had been made to the poverty 
of the University and its great needs. With a quick turn of speech he 
evoked exceeding applause, saying: 'Poor? poor? Yes, but making 
many rich/ 

"The value of a life is not measured by the number of years, but by 
the quality and force of living. In this way judged, his was an emi- 
nently successful life. He put more of himself into his work, and sent 
more of his personality afloat on the current of his time, than is possible 
with most men. His Christian character no man ever doubted. The 
good he did lives after him in lives stimulated, comforted, inspired. The 
memory of a personality singularly unique in its geniality, intellectual 
power and fervor of soul, remains with us as a priceless possession. To 
remember him is to cherish the precious memory of a rare, a radiant 
life." 



THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 



*James Trimble 

I of John and Margaret (McEwen) Trimble. His first American 
: his father's side came from Londonderry, Irdand, during 
Colonial times, and settled in Rockbridge County, Virginia, near the 
Natural Bridge, where he acquired a large landed estate. He had a 
family of ten children, from whom the Pennsylvania. Ohio, Kentucky, 
and Tennessee Trimbles are descended. His great-grandfather, John 
Trimble, left Virginia and settled in Roane County, East Tennessee. His 
grandfather. James Trimble, an only child, was (here bom. He was 
United States District Attorney under President Jefferson, and for many 
years State Circuit Court Judge in East Tennessee. His father, John 
Trimble, was at various times a member of the Tennessee House of 
Representatives, also many times a Stale Senator, was a member of the 
State Supreme Court, and also a member of Congress. He was noted 
for his intense loyalty to the United States Government during the period 
of the Civil War. 

James Trimble was born in Nashville, Tenn., September 27, 
1845, and was prepared for college at the Hopkins Grammar 
School. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 263 

After graduation he returned to Nashville and studied law in 
his father's office. He was admitted to the Bar in May, 1869, 
and at once began practice in his native city, devoting himself 
almost exclusively to Courts and Equities. From April, 1871, 
to October, 1880, he was United States Circuit Court Commis- 
sioner for the Middle District of Tennessee, and from the spring 
of 1874 to March, 1879, a Special United . States Commissioner 
for the Court of Claims for the same district. At one time he 
entered actively into politics. During the years 1881 and 1882 
he was a member of the Tennessee House of Representatives, 
and in 1887 and 1888 a member of the State Senate. He retired 
from politics in 1888, and gave his time exclusively to law 
practice. 

He was married at Nashville, October 26, 1876, to Letitia 
Lindsley, and had three children: Adrienne Lindsley, born 
November 2'jy 1877, died July 3, 1878; James Lindsley, born 
February i, 1880, died February 4, 1880; James, Jr., born 
September 9, 1892. His wife, Letitia Lindsley Trimble, died 
September 24, 1894, and he was again married, February 12, 
1896, to Marina Turner Woods, who still survives him. 

James Trimble died suddenly at his home in Nashville on 
August 6, 191 1, in the sixty-sixth year of his age. 

*Samuel Tweedy 

Son of Edgar S. and Elizabeth Sarah (Belden) Tweedy. He was of 
the fifth generation in direct descent from John Tweedy, of Scotch ances- 
try, who came to America about 1738, and who was married in Woodbury, 
Conn., to Jane Edmunds. They had four children: Jane, Samuel, John, 
and Ruth. His great-grandfather, Samuel Tweedy, was born in 1744 and 
\vas married in 1769 at Nine Partners, N. Y., to Ann Smith, by whom 
he had six children: Reuben, William, John, Samuel, Ann, and Smith. 
His grandfather, Samuel Tweedy, was bom March 18, 1776, and on 
September 22, 1805, was married to Ann Burr. Of their seven children, 
two died in infancy and the others were Oliver B., Edgar S., Mariette, 
Edmund, and John H. His father, Edgar S. Tweedy, was born May 23, 
1808. He was a leading manufacturer of Danbury, Conn., and an original 
director of the Danbury & Norwalk Railroad. On June 4, 1834, he was 
married to Elizabeth S. Belden. They had ten children: Annie, wife of 
Charles H. Benedict (died February 15, 1893) ; two daughters each named 
Martha, who died in infancy; Edmund, Jennie B., John, Samuel, Edgar, 
Elizabeth (who died in infancy), and Eleanor. Mr. Edgar S. Tweedy 
died March 10, 1893. 



l64 THE CLASS OF 1868, VALE COLLEGE 

Samuel Tweedy was born April 21, 1846, in Danbury, Conn., 
and was prepared for college under Professor Edward Olmstwl 
at Wilton Academy. He was a member of the Freshman Jubilee 
Committee and of the Wooden Spoon Committee, represented 
the class on the Thanksgiving Jubilee Committee in 1867. rowed 
on the class gig crew in Senior year, and was graduated with 
Phi Beta Kappa rank in scholarship. 



lie studied at Columbia College Law School from October, 
i8()8. to January, 1870. and afterwards in the office of Averill 
& lirewsler at Danbury, and was admitted to the Bar on Janu- 
ary 19, 1871, at Bridgeport. He at once began practice in Dan- 
bury. March i, 1871, he went into company with his instructor 
in law, Lyman D. Brewster (Yale College 1855), Mr. .Averill 
having retired from the partnership with Mr, Brewster. In 
August, 1878. Howard B. Scott (Amherst College 1874) was 
admitted as a partner, and the firm name became Brewster, 
Tweedy & Scott. Mr. Brewster withdrew September i. 1892. 
and a new firm of Tweedy, Scott & Whittlesey was formed, Mr. 
Granville Whittlesey becoming a partner. In 1906 he joined with 
Cdl. J. M. Ives, and the firm became Tweedy & Ives. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 265 

He was married in Danbury, on July i6, 1879, to Carrie M. 
Krom. A daughter, Maude Douglass, was born March 21, 1887. 

He took an interest in public aifairs, but never sought office 
and refused to be a candidate for any public position except on 
the Board of Education of Danbury, of which he was a member 
for many years. 

Tweedy was one of the ablest, best loved, and most successful 
lawyers in Fairfield County. He excelled as a trial lawyer, 
being especially skillful in cross examination, and had tried many 
of the most important cases that had come before the courts in 
the county during the last twenty-five years. His sunny dis- 
position made him popular with everybody, and his sincerity and 
fairness gave him great influence with judge and jury. He was 
noted for his thoroughness and conscientiousness in the prepara- 
tion of his cases, and his untiring devotion to his professional 
duties no doubt shortened his life. The preparation of cases that 
he was to try in the Superior and Common Pleas Courts deprived 
him of the greater part of his summer vacation of 1910. He 
went for a little rest to his summer home on Bell Island, South 
Norwalk, toward the end of September. On October 2 he was 
suddenly attacked with acute Bright's disease, from which he died 
October 6, in the sixty-fifth year of his age. 

At a meeting of the Fairfield County Bar, October 21, 1910, 
Judge Dempsey said of him : 

"It was never necessary to speculate as to where he stood upon ques- 
tions involving honor and heart interest, as he was constitutionally stead- 
fast to all that was just, tender, and fair. The one great ambition and 
object of his professional career was to be remembered as a skillful and 
competent lawyer. In this his life ambition was attained. Triumph in 
itself meant little to him, but the productive results of conscientious 
labor and self-sacrifice appealed to him as things worth while. Religion 
with him was a personal matter, and was exemplified in his belief and 
practice that one way to worship God was in the daily treatment of his 
beings." 

Mr. William T. Haviland (Yale College 1883), Clerk of the 
Superior Court, has kindly furnished the following estimate of 
Mr. Tweedy, taken from the resolutions presented at this meet- 
ing by a committee consisting of Howard B. Scott, Robert E. 
DeForest, and J. Belden Hurlburt, and ordered spread upon the 
records of the Court: 



266 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

"His intellect was clear and powerful, his physique was remarkable for 
strength and endurance, and he had a charm of manner that never failed 
to attract those with whom he came into contact. Possessed of all the 
advantages, he achieved success in his profession from the first, and 
became a leader of the Bar while still a young man, retaining his leader- 
ship to the end. His devotion to his profession was very marked. Had 
he chosen to enter the field of politics, his ability and personality would 
have secured him high official position; but he loved the practice of law 
so well that he steadfastly declined all invitations to abandon it even 
temporarily. His knowledge of the principles of law was exhaustive, 
and while he was faithful and tireless in his efforts in behalf of his clients, 
his mind was so calm and equable that he was never led away by the 
enthusiasm of advocacy to assume extreme and untenable positions of 
law. As a counselor, he merited and inspired unlimited confidence. As 
a trier, he was especially distinguished by the careful preparation of his 
case, by his skill in the examination and cross-examination of witnesses, 
and by the calmness and courage that he always displayed during a trial. 
He was a model of courtesy and fairness towards his opponents, and his 
kindly and genial disposition won the affection of all who knew him." 

* Edward Jeflferson Tytus 

Son of Francis J. and Sarah (Butler) Tytus, was bom in 
Middletown, Ohio, August 22, 1847, and was prepared for col- 
lege at home by Mr. J. F. Elder. He was a member of the 
Freshman Jubilee Committee, of the Junior Promenade Com- 
mittee, of the Wooden Spoon Committee, and of the Thanks- 
giving Jubilee Committee of Junior year. 

After leaving college he spent a year in Middletown, engaged 
in farming. He then removed to Milwaukee, Wis., where, in 
company with his brother, J. B. Tytus of '70, he opened a whole- 
sale paper warehouse. In August, 1871, his brother retired from 
the business, and a new firm was formed under the firm name of 
Tytus, Van Buren & Company. This partnership was dissolved 
in November, 1874. 

In April, 1875, he sailed for Europe, and while there was 
warned of serious trouble in his lungs. Returning to this 
country in November, 1875, by the advice of his physician he 
spent this winter and the following at Asheville, N. C, and the 
two succeeding years, both summer and winter, in the Adiron- 
dack woods. During all this time he was slowly but surely los- 
ing ground, but was generally cheerful and hopeful of a possible 
recovery. After a heroic struggle against tlie disease which he 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 267 

could not overcome, he died, May 19, 1881, at Saranac Lake, 
N. Y., in his thirty- fourth year. 

The first symptoms of the disease which terminated his life 
appeared so early after his graduation, that Tytus never had the 
opportunity, which he so much desired, of devoting himself to a 
life work. In college he was deservedly popular, and received 
many proofs of the esteem in which he was held. 

He was married, June 24, 1874, to Charlotte Mathilde Davies. 
daughter of John M. Davies, Esq., of New Haven, Conn,, and 



had one son: Robb DePeyster Tytus, bom at Asheville, N. C, 
February 2, 1876; received from Yale College the degree of 
B.A. in 1897 and of M.A. in 1903. He was married May 10, 
1903, to Grace Seely Henop, daughter of Louis P. and Alice 
(Seely) Henop, and had two daughters: Mildred Mordaunt, 
bom at Cairo, Egypt, April 7, 1904, and Victoria, bom October 
22, 1909. In 1903 he purchased fifteen hundred acres of land 
in Tyringham, Mass., and became deeply interested in practical 
farming. In 1908, and again in 1909, he represented his district 
in the Massachusetts legislature. He died of pulmonary tuber- 
culosis at Saranac Lake, August 15, 1913. 



268 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

*Spencer Reynolds Van Deusen 

Son of Stephen and Ann Van Deusen, was bom December 31, 
1842, at Moreau, Saratoga County, N. Y., and came to college 
from Ghent, in the same state, having been prepared at the Hud- 
son River Institute at Qaverack. During Senior year he was 
afflicted with mental disease, and was obliged to leave college 
before graduation, but received his degree with his class. 

He was taken soon after to an asylum at Utica, N. Y., where 
he remained two years, when, seeming somewhat improved, he 
returned home. But it was soon discovered that his case was 
hopeless, and he was sent, May 14, 1872, to the Willard Asylum 
for the Insane, at Seneca Lake. Here he had the best of care, 
but there was at no time any change for the better in his mental 
condition. He died of pleurisy, May 16, 1881, in his thirty-ninth 
year, and his remains were taken to Chatham, Columbia County, 
N. Y., for interment. 



John Leonard Varick 

Son of Abraham and Margaret V. S. (Bronk) Varick. His great- 
great-uncle, Col. Richard Varick, was Private Secretary to General Wash- 
ington during the Revolution, and was Mayor of New York City for 
twelve years. The name Bronx, applied to one of the Boroughs of 
Greater New York, is from an ancestor on his mother's side named 
Bronk. The name Bronx is another form of Bronk's, as applied to the 
river and village (ville). 

John L. Varick was bom in Poughkeepsie, N. Y., December 
I, 1846, and was prepared for college at Warring's Military 
Academy in that city. He was Secretary of Brothers, played 
third base on the Yale Nine, and graduated with an Oration rank 
in scholarship. 

Since graduation he has been in New York City, engaged in 
the hardware business, located at 107 Chambers Street and else- 
where in New York City. From the time of its establishment in 
New York City in 1869 till 1913 he was associated with the Upson 
Post & Frisbie Company and the Union Nut Company, the selling 
agents in that city of the Upson Nut Company of Unionville, 
Conn., and Cleveland, Ohio, in both of which he was also inter- 
ested. He was Treasurer of the Union Nut & Bolt Company, 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 269 

s of the Union Nut Company, of New York and Chi- 
cago; Director in the Upson Nut Company, Unionville, Conn., 
and Cleveland, Ohio; and is Director in the Miller's Falls Com- 
pany, Miller's Falls, Mass. 

He was Secretary of the Hardware CUib of New York from 
March 19, 1892, to March 28, 1898, when he refused reelection, 
served two years as Vice-President and two years as President 
and has been a member of the Board of Governors of the Hard- 



ware Club since its incorporation in 1892. He was President 
of the Dutchess County Society from 1905 to 1907 and is again 
one of its trustees after a short interim. 

Varick is a member of the University Club of New York, the 
Yale Club of New York, the Hardware Club of New York, 
Graduates Club of New Haven, Conn., the Holland Society, Phi 
Beta Kappa Society of New York, Dutchess County Society of 
New York, and of the Quill Club of New York. 

He was married to Julie Henriques de Leon, October 16, 1883, 
at Calvary Church, New York City. 



THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 



*James Mitchell Varnum 

Was on the paternal side a descendant of George Varnum. who came 
to America from England about 1635. and of Colonel Joseph Varnum 
and Major Samuel \'arnum of Massachusetts, who were officers in the 
Colonial wars; was a great-grandson of Major General Joseph B. Var- 
num of Massachusetts, who served in the Army of Ihe Revolution and 
in the Massachusetts militia, was Speaker of the United Stales House of 
Representatives. President pro tem. of the United States Senate, and held 
other prominent public offices; was great -(jrandnephew and senior repre- 
sentative of Major General James M. Varnum of Rhode Island, Brigadier 
General in the Continental line and Major General in the Rhode Island 
militia (serving with the Comte de Rochambeau). member of Continental 
Congress, United States Judge of Northwestern Territory in I/87; grand- 
son of Captain James M. Varnum, an officer in the War of 1812; and 
son of Hon. Joseph B. Varnum (Yale College 1838), a prominent law- 
yer and citizen of New York and Speaker of the New York State 
Assembly. His mother was Susan M. (Graham) Varnum. 

James M, Varnum was bom in New York City, June 29, 1848, 
atid was prepared for college by Rev. Benjamin W. Dwight of 
that city. He was a good debater and won first prize in the 
Linonia Prize Debate of Junior year. He also wrote poetry, and 
was one of the three candidates for the position of Qass Poet. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES— GRADUATES 271 

He Spent a year after graduation in Europe, engaged in travel. 
In October, 1869, he entered Columbia College Law School, 
where he was graduated in 1871, beginning at once the practice 
of his profession in New York City as junior member of the firm 
of Vamum, Tumey & Harison. 

In 1879 and 1880 he was a member of the New York Legis- 
lature, and in the latter year was Chairman of the Committee 
on Cities. For three years (1880-82) he was on the Military 
Staff of Governor Cornell, as senior Aide-de-Camp, and ranking 
as Colonel in the National Guard of the State of New York. 
In 1881 he was appointed one of the Commissioners of the State 
of New York to receive the French and German guests at the 
Yorktown celebration. In 1883 he was Chairman of the Com- 
mittee of Arrangements in charge of the Centennial Celebration 
of the Evacuation of New York City. In 1889 he was a member 
of the Committee of five having the general supervision of the 
Centennial Celebration of Washington's Inauguration. In April, 
1893, he was Chairman of the Committee on the great Columbia 
Ball in honor of the Duke of Veragua and the naval officers of 
the ten nations represented at the great Naval Review. In the 
same year he was Chairman of the special committee of the City 
of New York for the reception of H. R. H. the Infanta Eulalie 
of Spain, the guest of the nation at the World's Fair Celebration. 
In 1896 he organized and commanded as Grand Marshal the 
brigade of three thousand five hundred lawyers of New York 
of all parties in the great "Sound Money Parade." 

Varnum was a Republican in politics and always took a great 
interest in political matters, but after he declined a reelection to 
the Legislature in 1881 he refused to be a candidate for any 
political office not in the line of his chosen profession of the law. 
In 1889 he was nominated by the Republicans for Attorney Gen- 
eral of the State, but was defeated, although polling about 490,000 
votes and running about 12,000 votes ahead of the Republican 
ticket. In 1890 he was the Republican, County Democratic, and 
Citizens' Candidate for Judge of the Superior Court, but with 
all on his ticket failed of an election in the tidal wave of that year. 
In 1891 he was elected permanent Chairman of the Republican 
State Convention at Rochester, and delivered the principal 
address on that occasion. 



2T2 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

On January i, 1894, he was appointed by Governor Levi P. 
Morton Paymaster General of the State of New York, with the 
rank of Brigadier General in the National Guard. In 1896 he 
became senior member of the firm of Vamum & Harison. 

In February, 1899, he was appointed by Governor Theodore 
Roosevelt as the Surrogate of New York County. 

After his retirement from the bench, Judge Vamum returned 
to active practice in his profession, confining himself, however, 
to certain special branches of the law. After this time he did 
not take any special active interest in political, public or social 
matters, but devoted himself exclusively to his profession. In 
January, 1903, he was complimented by the French Govern- 
ment by his appointment as a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor 
of France (the national order). 

Vamum was a member of the Bar Association, the Century, 
Union, Metropolitan and University clubs, having been one of 
the Governors of the latter. He was a hereditary member of 
the old Revolutionary Order of the Society of the Cincinnati, a 
member of the Sons of the Revolution and of the Society of the 
War of 181 2 and of the Society of Colonial Wars. 

He was also one of the original members of the New York 
Real Estate Exchange, was acting chairman at the first meeting, 
chairman of the committee on dedication of the new Exchange 
(delivering one of the principal addresses on that occasion), and 
was for three years chairman of the Legislative Committee of 
the Exchange. He was one of the Directors of the Lawyers' 
Title Insurance Company (elected from members of the Bar), 
a Trustee of the Real Estate Loan and Trust Company, and was 
connected with other financial or business corporations. 

June 14, 1899, he was married to Mary Witherspoon Dickey, 
daughter of Charles D. Dickey, formerly a partner in the bank- 
ing house of Brown Brothers. 

Varnum was fatally injured in an automobile accident on 
Broadway, New York, and died at Roosevelt Hospital, March 
26, 1907, in the fifty-ninth year of his age. 



Sheldon Thompson Viele 

Son of Henry Knickerbocker Viele, lawyer and Colonel of a New 
York regiment in the Civil War, born 1819, died 1881 ; a son of John 
Ludovicus Viele, lawyer, born 1788, died 1832, State Senator in 1822 and 



BIOGKAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 273 

from 1826 to 1829, the orator who received LaFayette in 1825 when he 
re-visited the battle field of Saratoga, in 1832 elected a Regent of the 
University of the State of New York ; descended from Pieter Cornelison 
Vide, whose father came from Holland early in the seventeenth century. 
Henry K. Viele married Laetitia Porter Thompson, daughter of Sheldon 
Thompson, long one of the prominent business men and citizens of the 
city of Buffalo. He was the first Mayor of Buffalo elected by the people 
(1840) ; descended from Colonel Jabez Thompson, who was an officer 
in the French War, a Colonel of the Revolution, and was killed in the 
retreat from New York, September 15, 1776; descended from Anthony 



Thompson, who came with Governor Elaton, Rev. Mr. Davenport, and 
others from London, England, in 1637, in the ship Hector, and settled in 
-N'ew Haven, Conn. He signed the New Haven Compact in June, 1639. 
John L. Viele married Catalina Knickerbocker, granddaughter of Colonel 
John Knickerbocker of Schaghticoke, who served in the French War and 
was commissioned a Colonel of the New York militia in 1-75, was present 
and wounded at the Battle of Saratoga, and served in the Legislature in 
1792; descended from John van Berghen, called Knickerbacker, the third 
son of Godfrey van Berghen, Count van Grimberghen. John van Berghen 
was a captain in the Netherland navy, and afterward came to the New 
Netherlands and died there in 1656, 

Sheldon T. Viele was born in Buffalo. N. Y.. January 4. 1847, 
and was prepared for college at Walnut Hill School. Geneva, 



274 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

N. Y. He was awarded Composition prizes, and a special prize 
for a Poem in Sophomore year, wrote the Colloquy for the 
Wooden Spoon Exhibition, and the Parting Ode for Presenta- 
tion Day. 

After graduation he studied law at Buffalo, in the office of 
E. C. Sprague, Esq., was admitted to the Bar in November, 
1869, and began practice for himself in May, 1871. In Jan- 
uary, 1887, he became associated with Willis O. Chapin, form- 
ing the law firm of Viele & Chapin, since dissolved. 

On January 6, 1885, he presided as toastmaster at the first 
Yale Dinner held in Buffalo. On his right, as guest of honor, 
sat the Rev. Mr. Hunn of the Qass of 1813, at that time "the 
oldest living graduate." So all who attended that dinner and 
are still living have seen Yale graduates a hundred years apart. 
A result of that dinner was the formation of the "Yale Alumni 
Association of Western New York," since resolved into the 
associations of Buffalo and Rochester respectively. 

In 1878 he was the first secretary of the first district committee 
of the first Charity Organization Society in the country (though 
now every city of any importance has one and the principles 
of the society are generally acknowledged to be correct). He 
was a Trustee of the Society from its incorporation until 1908. 

He has been a member of the Executive Committee of the 
Buffalo Civil Service Reform Association since its organization; 
a member of the New York State Bar Association and of the 
Lawyers' Club of Buffalo; Trustee of St. Margaret's School; 
Vice-President for Buffalo of the Holland Society of New York ; 
President of the Buffalo Association of the Sons of the Revolu- 
tion; a member of the Society of the War of 1812; a member 
of the Society of Colonial Wars; a member of the Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States ; and a Vestry- 
man of St. Paul's Church. He has also been Curator of the 
Buffalo Library (1886-89) ; Director of the Buffalo Club (1887- 
89) ; Dean of the Saturn Club in 1889; President of the A. K. E. 
Association of Western New York in 1888; first President of 
the University Club of Buffalo (1894-97) ; President of the 
Yale Alumni Association of Western New York (1895-96). 
June 16, 1906, he was appointed by Governor Higgins State 
Lunacy Commissioner. The Buffalo News of the following day 
said of this appointment: 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 275 

"Mr. Viele is a man of the highest personal character, and his stand- 
ing in this community is of the best. There is a general agreement that 
in experience and legal learning and personal character he is an admirable 
selection on the part of Governor Higgins for the position of the law 
member of the State Commission in Lunacy. He has had special experi- 
ence in dealing with such work as falls to the Commission to which he 
is now appointed, owing to personal and professional relations to the 
local institution, and will abundantly justify the executive choice." 

He filled this office to the satisfaction of everybody, was reap- 
pointed by Governor Charles E. Hughes in 1907, and continued 
to hold it till the election of Governor Dix resulted in the appoint- 
ment of a personal friend of the new governor in his place. 

In February, 1880, he was awarded the prize ($250) of the 
New York State Bar Association for the best essay on the sub- 
ject: "Is the Common Law a Proper Subject for Codification?" 
He has published : 

"State Legislation and Charity Organization/' in the Albany Law 
Journal. 

"Democratic Principle of Civil Service Reform/' in the collection of 
"Papers Read Before the Cleveland Democracy." 

"The Memoir of Sheldon Thompson/' Buffalo, 1884. 

"A Glimpse of Holland in 1888/' a journal-narrative of the visit of 
the Holland Society to the Netherlands. New York, 1890. 

"The Yale Alumni Association of Western New York," in the Uni- 
versity Magazine for 1896. 

Papers and addresses before New York State Bar Association and other 
bodies. 

He was married at Buffalo, June 5, 1877, to Anna Porter Dorr, 
and has five children : 

Grace, bom December 20, 1878, graduated at Smith College in 
1901. 

Dorr, born August 25, 1880, graduated at Yale College in 1902 
and at the Law School of the University of Buffalo in 1904. 

Anna, bom August 22, 1884. 

Laetitia, bom September 17, 1890. 

Sheldon Knickerbocker, bom November 18, 1892, now a mem- 
ber of the Class of 1916 in Yale College. 

*DougIas Walcott 

Son of Erastus Bradley Walcott (M.D. College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, New York City) and of Elizabeth Jane (Dousman) Walcott. 



276 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Douglas Walcott was born in Milwaukee, Wis., May 20, 1844. 
and was prepared for college at Phillips Exeter Academy. He 
was one of the editors of the Yale Courant. 

After graduation he spent one year at the New York City 
Medical School, but was not able to complete the course. His 
health was so much impaired that for several years he was not 
in a condition to attend to any business. But in 1876 he had 
so far recovered that he determined to go to the East to engage 



in missionary work. In Jidy of that year he sailed for India, 
where he labored without compensation as a missionary till 1879, 
when ill-health made a change necessary. After a few months 
of travel in India, he sailed for ^^elbou^^e, Australia, and was in 
charge of a large city mission there till July, 1881. At this 
time he left Australia to accompany a friend far gone with con- 
sumption, who was anxious to reach his home in Bristol, England, 
before he died. 

WaJcott's health did not allow him to return to missionarj- 
.service. He therefore decided at once to spend his time chiefly 
in travel, with the hope that changes in climate and exercise 
would bring about an improvement in his physical condition. The 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 277 

result was a state of health better than he had ever known before. 
The lung trouble, from which he had been a sufferer so long, 
seemed to have been permanently cured, and he was able to tramp 
thirty-five to forty miles a day, for many succeeding days, with- 
out unusual fatigue. On one trip among the mountains, in 1888, 
he walked nearly three thousand miles in eighty-three days. 

In September, 1895, while living in Baltimore, which had long 
been his permanent residence, his old trouble returned, and as he 
began to sink rapidly he removed to Colorado, living for a time 
at Colorado Springs and later in Denver. Here his health 
improved, and he was comfortable for a few years, though he 
never regained his normal strength. 

He died in Denver as the result of a fall, June 29, 1899, at 
the age of fifty-five years. Funeral services were held on July 
I, in the First Congregational Church of that city, of which he 
was a member. Interment was in the lot of the Denver Young 
Men's Christian Association, in Fairmount Cemetery. 

Walcott's life was freely devoted to charitable and missionary 
work. For his Christian service in India and Australia he would 
take no compensation. His constitution was frail and his 
health infirm during his entire life, but he never spared himself 
when suflFering or distress called on him for aid. Wherever 
he went he left a record of fearless self-sacrifice and devotion 
to duty. He was extremely warm-hearted and strongly attached 
to his friends. 



Henry Lucius Washburn 

Son of Lucius and Eliza A. (Billings) Washburn, was born in 
Windsor Locks, Conn., January 22, 1847, and came to college 
from Stafford Springs, Conn. He was prepared at Wesleyan 
Academy, Wilbraham, Mass., and spent Freshman year at Wes- 
leyan University, Middletown, entering the Class of '68 at Yale 
in September, 1865. 

After spending some time in Europe, he studied law at Colum- 
bia College Law School, and was admitted to the Bar in Tolland 
County, Conn. In October, 187 1, he entered into partnership 
with Russell, under the firm name of Russell & Washburn, and 
practiced at Burlington, Vt., till the partnership was dissolved 
in the fall of 1874. Soon after, he opened a law office in Boston, 



278 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

where he remained until the fall of 1879. He then removed to 
New York City, where he has since continued the practice of 
patent law, giving considerable attention to other business con- 
nected with patents. 

He was married October 30, 1873, at Gardner, Mass., to Mary 
Sawin, who died September 14, 1882. June 25, 1885, he was 
again married to Louise Cunningham, in New York City. He 



has two children: Emily, born in Burlington, Vt, August 6, 
1874; Helen Louise, born in New York City, June 2, 1887. 



*SamueI Watson 

Son of Hon. Samuel Watson (Brown University 1825) and of Char- 
lotte (Morton) Watson, and brother of William Parsons Watson (Yale 
College 1869), His father removed to Nashville from Providence, R. I., 
and was President of the old Bank of Tennessee, a Trustee of Nashville 
University, and of the Peabody Education Fund. His mother was 
daughter of Governor Marcus Morton of Massachusetts. 

Samuel Watson was bom July 11, 1846, at Sycamore Mills, 
Nashville, and was prepared for college at Millwood Institute. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 279 

He had Phi Beta Kappa rank in scholarship on the Senior 
Appointment list. 

He was graduated at the Harvard Law School in 1870, and 
began at once the practice of law in Nashville, where he became 
a leading lawyer and prominent citizen. 

He was a member of the Tennessee Senate in 1881, serving 
on the Judiciary Committee, In 1884 he was made Oiairman of 



the State Executive Committee of the Republican party, and held 
that position several years. In 1886 he was candidate, on the 
Republican ticket, for Justice of the Supreme Court of the State, 
but was defeated with the rest of the ticket. He was for many 
years one of the Trustees of the University of Nashville, and at 
times (luring the absence of the Governor acted as Chairman of 
the Board. 

He died of locomotor ataxia, October 5, T903. at the home 
of his brother, William P. Watson, in St, Louis, Mo., in the 
fifty-eighth year of his age. Interment was in Mount Olivet 
Cemetery, Nashville, Three of his classmates. Berry, Cooper, 
and Trimble, served as pallbearers. 



IBO THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Watson had fine intellectual powers, but ill-health had long 
kept him from active work in his profession. Before he lost his 
health, the Cincinnati Graphic Nczi's said of him : 

"Xo man in the Slate of Tennessee is more universally respected, and 
none stands higher for official and social integrity. He is known every- 
where for his (air and ever open dealings with his fellow citizens, and no 
living man can justly accuse him of anything unbecoming an able, gen- 
erous and honest gentleman. Mr, Watson has had several cases in the 
United Stales Supreme Court, and his arguments before that tribunal 
have been most highly commended by eminent jurists." 



John Howard Webster 

Webster has completed and expects soon to publish [he genealogy of his 
Webster ancestry, beginning with Thomas of Hampton, N, H., who 

arrived from Great Ormsby, England, at Boston in 1636 when eight years 
old. His line from him was (2) Thomas, (3) Joshua, (4) Waldron, who 
married a Dudley, (5) Davison, (6) John, his father. From Thomas (l) 
was also the great Daniel, in the fourth generation. On his father's 
side, among his direct forel)ears were the Starbuck and Coffin families, 
who afterward emigrated to Nantucket ; the Gilman, Trewaygo and Hil- 
ton families, well-known in the colonial history of New Hampshire ; and 
Governors John Winlhrop and Thomas Dudley of the Company of 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 281 

Massachusetts Bay. In the study of these families, the most prominent 
and universal characteristic is found to be the constant imprint of puri- 
tanic vigor, sturdiness and conservatism. 

Our classmate was the son of John and Sara (Perry) Webster. His 
father was born in Newfield, York County, Maine, in 1821, and died in 
1874. His mother was born in 1823, died in 1852, and was daughter of 
Daniel and Mary (Barker) Perry of Limerick, Maine, the next village 
to Newfield. 

John H. Webster was born November 8, 1846, in Portsmouth, 
N. H. The family removed in 1850 to Cleveland, Ohio, where 
he was prepared for college at the Cleveland Central High School. 
He was awarded prizes in Composition in Sophomore year, was 
one of the speakers at Junior Exhibition, and graduated with Phi 
Beta Kappa rank in scholarship. 

After graduation he read law at Cleveland, entering the Ohio 
State and Union Law College as a Senior and graduating June 
29, 1870. In September, 1870, he was admitted to practice in 
State and United States Courts. 

From the start Webster has been blessed with a constantly 
increasing business, and he ranks among the most successful 
of the class in his profession. He has given his attention chiefly 
to real estate law, and has dealt largely in Cleveland property. 
Politics he has carefully avoided, but he has held many offices 
of trust. He was one of the founders of the Manual Training 
School of Cleveland and of the University School established in 
that city. 

In January, 1884, he became associated with E. A. Angell (Har- 
vard 1873) in the practice of law, which continued very profitably 
and pleasantly until Angell's death at sea, July 4, 1898, in the 
awful wreck of the French steamship Btirgoyne, At that time 
he had become interested in an iron works company in Cleveland, 
who were contractors in heavy iron and steel construction, and by 
the rapid increase of this business he soon found his entire time 
was demanded ; so he turned the law practice over to others and 
has ever since stuck closely to what is now the Variety Iron and 
Steel Works Company. He has also picked up a four hundred 
acre farm within twenty miles of the city limits, and has been 
restoring its fertility for the last twelve years, and getting fresh 
air and good exercise as a side profit. He also has some office 
building interests in Chicago and bank and life insurance inter- 
ests to keep him thinking and fussing over ; also the chief respon- 



282 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

sibility for the Chamberlin Cartridge and Target Company, which 
concern makes almost all of the clay inanimate pigeons or tar- 
gets that are shot at all this world over. 

Webster is President and Treasurer of the Variety Iron Works 
Company. He is also President of the Chamberlin Cartridge 
and Target Company, a Director of the Cleveland National Bank 
and of the Cleveland Life Insurance Company. He is also a 
member of the Union and University Clubs, and has been Presi- 
dent of the Row f ant Club, a group of one hundred and fifty book 
lovers who have a clubhouse, which he has helped to pay for and 
furnish. 

October i8, 1870, he was married to Helen A. Curtis, in Strat- 
ford, Conn., and has three children: Paul Wentworth, bom 
December 20, 1871 ; Harold Curtis, bom May 20, 1875; Jean 
Howard, born December 8, 1876. 

Paul was for two years a member of the Qass of 1893 in the 
Sheffield Scientific School, and completed in 1894 a course in Min- 
ing Engineering at the Colorado School of Mines at Golden, near 
Denver. He spent the year 1894-95 at the German Govemment 
School at Freiburg. In June, 1895, he went from Freiburg to 
West Australia and was engaged in engineering and mining, 
with headquarters at Coolgardie, for two years, returning west- 
ward around the world in 1897. In October of that year he 
located as a mining engineer in Pueblo, Colo. He le{t Pueblo 
in 1899, accepting the position of night superintendent at the 
Star Mine, Rossland, B. C, where he sustained a severe accident 
in December, 1900, which compelled him to give up mining. In 
1901 he engaged in mechanical engineering with the Variety Iron 
Works Company, remaining until 1907, when he entered the 
employ of the Tread well Construction Company of Easton, Pa. 
He is now President of the Lutz & Webster Engineering Com- 
pany of Philadelphia, Pa., where he resides. He married Septem- 
ber 7, 1898, Florence Fletcher of Denver, Colo., and has three 
daughters: Elizabeth, bom 1904, Dorothy, 1908, and Paula, 1910. 

Harold was a student in the Sheffield Scientific School, in the 
Yale Music School, and in the Yale Law School. He entered 
the engineering department of the Variety Iron Works Company 
in 1899 and continued therein till October, 1908. He loft engi- 
neering work in 1908 and studied the violin for three years at 
Leipsic, Germany. He is now established in Los Angeles, Cal., 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 283 

in the latter profession. He was married November 15, 1897, 
to Florence Glidden, and has one child, John, bom August 14, 
1898. 

Jean was a student in Miss Porter's School in Farmington, 
Conn., from 1894 to 1897. During the past ten years she has 
lived mostly in Berlin and Paris, pursuing her musical studies. 

Webster was again married on April 27, 1910, to Florence 
Harris Ives, daughter of Mrs. Sarah Harris Ives of Chicago, and 
Mr. and Mrs. Webster made a journey around the world. Of 
this journey he writes : 

"I found time to go around the world on the first trip of the steam- 
ship Cleveland, taking in the side trip across India, from Bombay to Cal- 
cutta. At the opening session of the Christian Endeavor Convention, at 
Agra, where ten thousand Pilgrims lived in tents, I sat within forty feet 
of "Bob" Hume, while he delivered the opening address of welcome, 
and when it was over he had gotten away in the crowd before I could 
reach him. It seemed that he had a pressing appointment to dine with 
some distinguished delegates, and the delay in opening the meeting caused 
his abrupt leaving. My stay in Agra was only a few hours on a special 
train of tourists. The meeting in the tent was at 6.00 p. m., and the light 
very dim. I left a brief greeting on my card at his tent, and received 
his reply after my return home. 

"I also spent the first five months of 1911 in China and Japan. I was 
in Kobe April 8th, and there learned of Miss DeForest having left her 
school to return to Sendai, which is a day's journey north from Yokohama. 
In the latter city, about April 20th, I learned through Japanese friends, 
for the first time, of her father's illness, but that it was not considered 
serious. I sailed May 9th for home, and after my return learned of his 
death at the Tokyo Hospital on the 8th. Had I known of his being 
there, only forty minutes' ride by rail from Yokohama, I certainly would 
have tried to see him, for I went back and forth several times from the 
hotel in Yokohama, eighteen miles away. 

"DeForest was the best known American in Japan, and the most 
beloved by all, from the Emperor down to the peasant. All of the 
educated men whom I became acquainted with constantly alluded to this, 
and one old acquaintance of his put him in the same group as Harris, 
Hepburn, Townsend and Brown. His memory will survive for a very 
long time among those Japanese people who love their country for what 
it really is, and what has been done for them by those distinguished 
Americans." 

Gideon Higgins Welch 

His father, James M. Welch, was son of Bliss Welch, a farmer of East 
Hampton, Conn. His mother, Eliza M. (Higgins) Welch, was daughter 



a84 THE CLASS OF lOOO, VALE COLLEGE 

of Gideon Higgins of East Haddam, Conn. His father removed to 
New Haven in 1847, and remained there nearly thirty years. 

Gideon H. Welch was bom in E^st Haddam, September 22, 
1844, and was prepared for college at Wesleyan Academy, Wil- 
braham, Mass. 

After graduation, he studied two years at the Yale Law School, 
where he received the degree of LL.B. in July, 1870. From 
March, 1869, to September of the same year, he was a student in 



the law office of George H. W'atrons {Yale College 1853). From 
September, 1869, to June, 1870. he was City Clerk of New Haven. 
He was admitted to the Bar in September, 1870, and opened a law 
office in Torrington, where he has enjoyed an extensive prac- 
tice and has had the emoluments which usually fall to the lot 
of the "country squire." 

He has been Jtistice of the Peace thirty-five years, Town Clerk 
and Attorney for the Town twenty-two years, member of the 
Torrington Board of Education sixteen years. Borough Clerk 
four years, member of the Board of Wardens and Burgesses of 
the Borough of Torrington four years, Judge of the Borough 
Court four years, and Judge of Probate ten years. During his 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 285 

residence of forty-three years in Torrington he has been closely 
identified with church work, and with the business and social 
activities of the town. In 1881 he was a member of the Connect- 
icut House of Representatives and Chairman of the Committee 
on State Prison, and in 1899 he was State Senator and Chair- 
man of the Committee on Incorporations. September 2^, 1897, 
he was appointed Judge of the Court of Common Pleas for Litch- 
field County, and has since been regularly elected by the Legis- 
lature on nomination of the Governor. His service will terminate 
September 22, 1914, when he will become disqualified by the age 
limit. By the General Assembly of 1913, he was appointed a 
State Referee for Hfe from September 22, 1914. 

Welch is now a Director of the Torrington Water Company 
and of the Torrington Electric Light Company, an Auditor of the 
Torrington Savings Bank and a Trustee of the Torrington 
Library. 

He was married at Torrington, October 8, 1873, to Susie C. 
Agard, daughter of Bradley R. and Mary (Church) Agard, and 
has a son : 

Bradley Agard, born May 20, 1880, graduated at Yale College 
in 1902, and now in business in Philadelphia. He was married 
June 8, 1909, at Rochester, N. Y., to Fern Foucher, daughter 
of Adolphus D. and Mary Foucher, and has a daughter Suzanne, 
born January 16, 1912. 



Thomas Clayton Welles 

Son of John and Mary W. (Wolcott) Welles. His father was son of 
Joseph Welles, a farmer of Wether sfield, Conn., and his mother was 
daughter of Elisha Wolcott, also a farmer of Wethersfield. His ancestral 
line runs back to Governor Thomas Welles (from whom he was named), 
one of the first settlers of Connecticut, who was chosen one of the 
Magistrates of the colony in 1637, Deputy Governor in 1654, and Governor 
in 1655 and again in 1658. Three of Welles*s ancestors were in the Revo- 
hitionary War: Joseph Welles, Thomas Welles, and Elisha Wolcott. 

T. Clayton Welles was born in Wethersfield, Conn., August 7, 
1846, and was prepared for college at Williston Seminary. In 
college he gave special attention to writing and speaking. He 
received prizes in Debate and Declamation, was President of 
Brothers in Unity the first term of Senior year, was on the Edi- 



aito THE CLASS OF lOOO, YALE COLLEGE 

torial Board of the Yale Courant, and was one of the three Class 
Historians on Presentation Day. 

In 1868-69 lie taught a select private school in Prairie du 
Chien, Wisconsin. In the summer of 1870, he was at the head 
of a large graded school in Fulton, N. Y. He studied three years 
at the Yale Theological Seminary and was graduated in 1872. 

October 25, 1872, he was ordained by ecclesiastical council to 
tlie work of the ministry in the Orthodox Congregational Church 



at Keokuk, Iowa, where he labored with great success till October, 
1879, when he accepted the pastorate of the First Congregational 
Church, Waterloo, Iowa. In March, 1883, he became Principal 
of Norton Academy, Wilton, Iowa, and during the year of his 
principalship a heavy debt was entirely cleared off and the insti- 
tution put on a self-sustaining basis. He accepted a call to the 
First Congregational Church of Englewood, III., in March, 1884. 
In 1885 a new church edifice was built, to accommodate the 
increasing numbers. Three hundred and fifty were added to the 
church in a six years' pastorate. 

He closed his work with the church in Englewood (now and 
since annexation, the Pilgrim Church of Chicago) early in 1890, 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 287 

and in June of that year sailed with his wife for a year or more 
of foreign study and travel. After going thoroughly over 
Europe, they visited Egypt and the Holy Land. 

Returning late in the summer of 1891, he decided to locate in 
New England for the sake of the education of his daughters 
at Mount Holyoke College, and in January, 1892, accepted a call 
to the Winslow Church of Taunton, Mass. The church there 
felt the touch of new life, secured the site and adopted plans for 
a new and enlarged edifice of stone which cost more than sixty 
thousand dollars. This building, a model of beauty and con- 
venience, was completed in 1898 and dedicated in 1899, practically 
free from debt. 

In May, 1901, he received an urgent call to the Highland Con- 
gregational Church in Lowell, Mass., and entered upon that pas- 
torate in July of that year. A divided church was harmonized 
and many were added to its membership during the next four 
years. 

In January, 1905, the family doctor warned him that a change 
of climate was the only hope of prolonging his wife's life. 
Accordingly he put in his resignation and on the first Sunday of 
February preached his farewell sermon, and on the next day 
left with Mrs. Welles for Washington, D. C. The milder climate 
helped the invalid ; but not daring to return to New England with 
her, Welles accepted a call to the Presbyterian Church of Edding- 
ton. Pa., a suburb of Philadelphia. Here he became interested 
in the surrounding settlements as well as his own church, and 
started up two new religious enterprises. In 191 1 his wife died 
and in the same year he was made Superintendent of Missionary 
Work and Church Extension in the Presbytery of Philadelphia 
North, which office he still holds, with residence in Philadelphia, 
at Torresdale. He is also pastor of the Presbyterian Church at 
Torresdale for the present, though his duties as Superintendent 
seem likely soon to compel him to relinquish the pastorate. He 
is in perfect health, young and vigorous as a boy, and expects to 
be at the class reunion in June, 1918. 

Welles was Registrar of Congregational Churches for the State 
of Iowa, 1881-84; President of the Iowa Home Missionary 
Society, 1882-84; on the Board of Directors of the Chicago City 
Missionary Society, 1887-90; President of the Taunton Humane 
Society, 1892-98, and Vice-President of the Massachusetts 



288 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Humane Society from 1901 till 1905. In 1897 and 1898 he was 
chosen to report on the work of the churches before the State 
Association of Massachusetts Congregational Churches. 
He has published: 

"Our Church Letter," monthly, in 1881 and 1882, at Waterloo, Iowa. 

"The Reminder," weekly, 1887-90, at Englewood, 111. 

"A Series of Letters from the Holy Land," 1891. 

Also numerous sermons, newspaper and magazine communications. 

He was married (i) December 4, 1872, at Wethersfield, Conn., 
to S. Jennie Southworth, who died at Eddington, Pa., Febru- 
ary I, 191 1 ; (2) to Anna Priscilla Lowrie, October 15, 1913, at 
Watsontown, Pa. He had two children by the first marriage: 
Grace Southworth, born at Keokuk, November 30, 1873 ; Mary 
Wolcott, bom at Waterloo, October 7, 1879. 

Grace was graduated from Mt. Holyoke College in 1895, and 
is a teacher in the Miss Porter School, Farmington, Conn. 

Mary was graduated from Mt. Holyoke in 1900, and in 1903 
was married to Rev. Franklin Halsted Clapp. They have two 
sons: Clayton Welles, bom January 11, 1905; Franklin Halsted, 
bom December 29, 1906. Their home is in Manister, Mich. 

*Thomas Fenner Wentworth 

Son of Captain John Hanson and Judith Ann (Pottle) Wentworth, 
both natives of New Hampshire, where their ancestors had lived from 
early colonial times. 

Thomas F. Wentworth was bom September 25, 1845, in South 
Berwick, Maine, and was the youngest of eight children. When 
he was but a year old, the family removed to Greenland, Rock- 
ingham County, N. H., from which place he came to Yale, hav- 
ing been prepared at Phillips Exeter Academy. He entered Ihe 
class at the beginning of Sophomore year, was one of the speak- 
ers at Junior Exhibition, and graduated with Phi Beta Kappa 
rank in scholarship. 

After graduation he taught at the Lyons School, Yonkers, 
N. Y., and later was an assistant principal of the Yonkers Public 
School. The second year he spent in the Columbia College Law 
School. In 1870 he was admitted to the Bar and opened an office 
in New York City, where he practiced continuously, except when 
on the Bench, almost up to the time of his death. In 187 1 he 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 289 

united with Orrin Skinner to form the law firm of Skinner & 
VVentworth. A year later William R. Foster, Jr., came into the 
firm, which then became Skinner, Wentworth & Foster. Skinner 
went out of the firm in 1876, Foster withdrew soon after, and 
Wentworth continued practice without a partner for several years. 
Later the firm of Wentworth, Lowenstein & Stern was formed, 
with offices at 350 Broadway. 



Wentworth was long prominent in Repubhcan politics in New 
York City. He was one of the original members of the Republi- 
can Club of that city, was Vice-President in 1884, and President 
in 1885 and 1886. In the fall of 1892 he was candidate for 
State Senator on the Republican ticket, but was defeated. In 
1893 and 1894 he was President of the Twenty-first Assembly 
District Republican Association. In 1894 he represented the 
District in the Constitutional Convention. July r, 1895, he was 
appointed by Mayor Strong one of the City Magistrates for a 
term of four years, and was President of the Board of Magis- 



290 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

trates one year. He was Chairman of the convention which 
brought Theodore Roosevelt into political prominence by nomi- 
nating- him for the New York Assembly. 

For many years he was Secretary and General Counsel for 
the Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburg Railroad, and was counsel 
for the Merchants' Retail Dry Goods Association, and for other 
important corporations. His last case of note was his Referee- 
ship (1905-06) in the tax matter of the Medical Reserve Insur- 
ance Company vs. the City of New York, in >vhich the City 
accepted an adverse decision and refused to appeal. 

Wentworth was Trustee of the House of Refuge and of the 
New York Dental College ; member of the Union League Club, of 
the University Qub of New York, of the Yale Alumni Associa- 
tion, of the City Bar Association and the Law Institute, a life 
member of the New England Society, one of the founders of the 
New York Association of the Alumni of Phillips Exeter 
Academy, and President of the Association in 1889. 

He was married July 7, 1886, at Tarrytown-Heights-on-Hud- 
son, to Eleanor B. Parsons, daughter of George W. and Tamison 
(Higgins) Parsons. 

Wentworth retained through life his interest in the town of 
Greenland, his boyhood home, and a few years before his death 
he purchased a farm there for a summer residence. It was while 
inspecting lumber on this farm in January, 1907, that he met with 
a serious accident which resulted in an injury to his heart from 
which he never recovered. After an illness of ten months, he 
died at his residence, 345 West 85th Street, New York City, on 
Monday, November 11, 1907, at the age of sixty-two years. 
Funeral services were held at his home at 10 a. m. on the fol- 
lowing Thursday, Rev. Dr. Robert Collyer, a lifelong friend, 
officiating. Interment was in Old Cemetery at Greenland. 

In a letter to the Secretary dated January 23, 1913, Mr. H. E. 
Murphey of Fishkill, N. Y., wrote : 

"I knew Judge Wentworth intimately, and was with him daily for weeks 
prior to his death. He was one of the most patient, kindly, and chari- 
table men I have ever known. He seldom, if ever, sought favors, but was 
continually showing them. To my knowledge, many young men holding 
excellent positions in the City of New York to-day are beholden to him 
for the moral and financial support he extended them at a period when 
most needed. I know of men now occupying high positions in official life 
who eagerly sought his support that they might attain their objective, but 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 

iritical time ; but no word of 
Mrs. Wentworlh's address is Greenland, N. H. 



♦Frederic Wesson 

Son of David Wesson, a well-known merchant of New York City, and 
of Alice Goddard (Rowland) Wesson, and brother of Charles H. Wes- 
son (Yale College 1863). The first Wesson came to America in 164a. 
Colonel James Wesson commanded the Ninth Massachusetts Infantry in 
the Revolutionary War and was wounded seven times. He died October 
15, 180Q. Alice Goddard Howland was a direct descendant of John 
Howland, who came to Plymouth in the Mayflower. 

■ Frederic Wesson was bom in Brooklyn, N. Y., August 27, 
1845, was prepared for college with J. C. Overhiser of Brooklyn, 
was a member of '67 one term, and of '68 till the end of Sopho- 
more year. 

He studied law at the Columbia College Law School, was 
admitted to the Bar in 1870 and practiced for about two years 



292 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

in New York City, being for a time in Mr. Choate's office and 
later with his brother, Charles H. Wesson. After the death of 
his brother in 1873, he withdrew from the law and became in 
1875 a member of the firm of Hoadley & Company, bankers and 
commission merchants, who were largely interested in South 
American trade. 

While engaged in business he found time to acquire a thorough 
knowledge of Spanish and French and a fair acquaintance with 
the literature of both languages. He also wrote for publica- 
tion articles on free trade and on questions of political economy, 
and several reviews of books upon these subjects. In recogni- 
tion of these studies, Yale College gave him in 1888 the degree 
of Master of Arts, with enrollment in the Class of '68. 

In January, 1893, he retired from the firm of Hoadley & Com- 
pany, having been requested by the Legislature of Jamaica to 
undertake the completion of a railroad across the island, of which 
only thirty miles had been finished. He accepted the oflFer and 
spent ten years, devoting his entire time, and his health, to 
financing and building the road. A company was formed, called 
the West India Improvement Company, of which he was Presi- 
dent. The road was finished and turned over to the English Gov- 
ernment of the Island. This railway extended the entire length of 
the Island and gave the Colony complete railway facilities. From 
1890 to 1898 he spent about six months of each year in Jamaica, 
and the remaining time in London and France. From 1898 till 
his death he resided in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

He was a member of the University Club and of the Downtown 
Association of Manhattan ; and of the Hamilton, Barnard, and 
Dykes Meadow clubs of Brooklyn. 

He was married at the Chapel Royal, Savoy, London, August 
13, 1878, to Mrs. Lilias Jeannie Mills, eldest daughter of Rt. 
Rev. Abraham N. Littlejohn, D.D., LL.D., Bishop of Long 
Island, and had a daughter, Alice Frederieka, bom in Brooklyn, 
October 16, 1886. 

Alice Frederieka Wesson passed much of her childhood in 
Europe and in Jamaica; later she attended St. Mary's School 
at Garden City, Long Island. She was married December 31, 
1907, in New York, to Stewart Earle Barber, Paymaster, U. S. N., 
with rank of Lieutenant Commander, now stationed at United 
States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. A daughter. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 293 

Frederieka Wesson Barber, was born August 13, 1911, at Chevy 
Oiase, Washington, D. C. 

Frederic Wesson died in his sleep, of heart failure, at his home 
in Brooklyn. November 30, 1904, at the age of fifty-nine years. 

Mrs. Wesson's address is care F, P. Bellamy, Esq., 204 Mon- 
tague Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 



Samuel Wheeler 

Son of Nathaniel and Huldah Ruth (Bradley) Wheeler. Nathaniel 
Wheeler was descended from Moses Wheeler, who was ore of the origi- 
nal members of the New Haven Colony and was among the first to whom 
land was allotted in New Haven. He removed from New Haven to Strat- 
ford, where he died in !6g8, at the age of one hundred years, the first 
of the immigrants who is known to have lived a full century. General 
W'ooster of the Revolutionary Army and General Joseph Wheeler of the 
Confederate Army were among his descendants. Moses Wheeler's wife 
was the sister of Joseph Hawley, ancestor of Joseph Hawley, Governor 
of Connecticut. Huldah Ruth Bradley was descended from William 
Bradley, also a member of the original New Haven Colony. He was the 
ancestor of the New Haven Bradleya. 

Samuel Wheeler was born in W'atertown, Conn., September 
16, 1845, He entered college from Bridgeport, having been 
prepared privately by James M. B, Dwight of New Haven. 



294 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

After graduation he went to Chicago, 111., and became a mem- 
ber of the firm of Farrar & Wheeler. He was married at Chi- 
cago, May 17, 1876, to Amelia Vernon Rumsey, and had by this 
marriage one child, Amelia Rumsey, born March 31, 1877. Mrs. 
Wheeler died at Chicago on May 23, of the same year. This 
affliction led him to withdraw from business, and he spent this 
year and the next in Europe. After his return, he engaged again 
in business in Chicago. In 1894 he removed to Bridgeport, Conn., 
and became President of the Wheeler & Wilson Company, which 
position he held till 1905, when he retired from active business. 
His home has been for many years and is now in Fairfield, Conn. 

He was again married, June 18, 1884, at Lake Geneva, Wis., 
to Elizabeth Theodora Rumsey. and has by this marriage three 
children: Theodora, born July 29, 1889; Nathaniel, bom Jan- 
uary 30, 1891 ; Ellen Rumsey, born February 24. 1893. 

Theodora was graduated from Vassar College in 191 1, and is 
now a student in the Medical College of Johns Hopkins 
University. 

Nathaniel is a member of the Class of 191 4 in Yale College. 

Ellen Rumsey is a member of the Class of 1915 in Vassar 
College. 

Henry Shaler Williams 

Son of Hon. Josiah B. and Mary (Hardy) Williams. His ancestry 
has been traced back six generations in the direct male line, to one 
Thomas Williams, who died in Wethersfield, Conn., in 1692. The inter- 
mediate members of his line lived in central Connecticut until about 
1830, when his father, Josiah Butler Williams, moved with his older 
brothers into central western New York, in the Cayuga Lake valley, where 
they built up a lumber business and trading storehouse, with a line of 
canal boats running to New York and as far east as New Haven. After 
successful business developments, his father later started a banking house 
in Ithaca, of which he was President for many years and which was 
merged into the First National Bank of Ithaca, under the national bank- 
ing system. He was State Senator for several terms and was member of 
the Committee which revised the banking laws of the State. He was a 
Republican, a temperance man, and one of the original Trustees of 
Cornell University. 

Henry S. Williams was bom in Ithaca, N. Y., March 6, 1847, 
and was prepared for college at Ithaca Academy. During the 
last two years of his course he studied in the Sheffield Scientific 
School, and received the degree of Ph.B. in 1868. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 2^$ 

After graduation he was assistant to the Professor in Palseon- 
tology, and student in the Graduate Department at Yale, where 
he received the degree of Ph.D. in 1871. In February, 1872, he 
went to Kentucky University to take the place of the Professor 
of Natural History. After his return, he was for a time asso- 
ciated with his brother in the manufacture of agricultural imple- 
ments at Ithaca, but gave more attention to his studies in 
comparative anatomy than to business. 



In the fall of 1879 he was elected Assistant Professor of 
Palieontology at Cornell University. In 1886 he was Secretary 
of the Faculty, and in 1887 and 1888 was Dean of the Uni- 
versity. In 1886 he was made Professor of Geology and PalEe- 
ontology, which position he held up to the year 1892. He was 
appointed Silliman Professor of Geology in Yale College in 1892, 
and held this professorship for twelve years, resigning it in 1904 
to accept the professorship of geoI<^y at Cornell as Head of the 
Department of Geolt^y. On joining the Cornell Faculty in 1904, 
he arranged to devote only half time to the University work, so 
that he might engage in research work. He has therefore been 
able to give his attention mainly to investigation and writing on 



296 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

palaeontological and other geological themes. In 19 12, having 
reached the age of sixty-five, he was retired as Emeritus Pro- 
fessor of Geology. 

In 1885 he attended, as a Delegate, the International Congress 
of Geologists in Berlin. He is a Fellow of the Geological Societ)' 
of London, and has for several years been officially connected 
with the United States Geological Survey. In 1891 he was Sec- 
retary of the organizing committee, and then one of the general 
secretaries of the American session of the International Con- 
gress of Geologists held at Washington. He was one of the 
founders, and until 1891 treasurer, and since then councilor of 
the Geological Society of America. In the year 1891-92 he was 
President of Section E of the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science. 

He has been Associate Editor of The Geological Journal (Qii- 
cago) since its foundation in 1893, and Associate Editor of The 
American Journal of Science since May, 1894. 

His published papers number more than one hundred, among 
which are the following: 

Comparison of the muscles of the Chelonian and human shoulder 
girdle. Trans. Conn. Acad., Vol. II, pt. II, pp. 301-307, pis. 12-13. ^^73- 

The life history of Spirifer Lan'is, Hall ; a palseontological study. 
(Read Apr. 25.) Annals N. Y. Acad. Set., Vol. II, pp. 1-21, 14 pis. 1881. 

Geographical and physical conditions as modifying Fossil Faunas. The 
paper of which this is an abstract was read before the Amer, Assoc. Adv. 
Sci., Sept., 1884. Important statements arose in the discussion following 
this paper between Professor James Hall and the author which appeared 
in : Science, Vol. X, p. 327, Philadelphia Press, Sept. 12, Ithaca Daily 
Jour.. Sept. 15, Albany Argus, Sept. 20, and Oct. 5. Science, Vol. VI, p. 
326. 1884. 

The ideal modern scholarship. The presidential address delivered at 
the inauguration of the Alpha chapter of the Sigma Xi society, Cornell 
University, Ithaca, June 15. Ithaca, 8°, pp. 1-8. 1887. 

On the Fossil Faunas of the upper Devonian — the Genesee section. New 
York. Bull. U. S. Geol. Surz'., No. 41, pp. 1-123. Vol. VI, pp. 481-603. 
1888. 

The Devonian and Carboniferous formations of North America. First 
of series of correlation papers. Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv., No. 80, pp. 1-279. 
1891. 

The scope of Palaeontology and its value to Geologists. (Address 
before Sect. E. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Set., Aug. 17.) Amer. Geol., Vol. 
X, pp. 148-169. 1892. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 297 

Geology as a part of a College curriculum. Jour. GeoL, Chicago, Vol. 
I, No. I, pp. 38-46. 1892. 

The effect of scientific study upon religious beliefs. Century, Vol. XLV, 
pp. 273-278. Dec, 1892. 

Geological Biology, an introduction to the geological history of organ- 
isms, pp. i-xx, 1-395, fig. 1-120. Henry Holt & Co., 1895. 

Four Years for the Sheffield Scientific School. An address delivered 
before Society of Sigma Xi, March 27, 1897. Published in Alumni 
Weekly, April, 1897. 

On the Theory of Organic Variation. Address delivered before Phil- 
osophical Club, Yale College, Apr. i, 1897. Published in Science, July 
16, 1897, Vol. VI, p. 73. 

On the Fossil Faunas of the St. Helens breccias. Canada Roy. Soc. 
Proc. and Trans., 3d Ser., Vol. Ill, Sec. 4, pp. 205-247 and 4 plates. 1910. 

Persistence of Fluctuating Variations as illustrated by the fossil genus 
Rhipidomella. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., XXI, No. 2, pp. 2gs-3i2. 1910. 

Some new Mollusca from the Silurian formations of Washington 
County, Maine. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. XLII, pp. 381-398 and 2 
plates. 1 91 2. 

New species of Silurian fossils from the Edmunds and Pembroke for- 
mations of Washington County, Maine. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. XLV, 
pp. 319-352, and 3 plates. 1913. 

Recurrent Tropidoleptus Zones of the Upper Devonian in New York. 
Professional Paper No. 79, U. S. Geol. Surv., pp. 1-103 and 6 plates. 

1913. 

(H. S. W. and others.) Watkins Glen — Catatonk Folio, New York 

(by H. S. Williams, R. S. Tarr, and E. M. Kindle). U. S. Geol. Surv. 

Atlas of the U. S., No. 169, 1909. Also issued in octavo form, called 

**Field Edition," pp. 242. 

He was married to Hattie H. Wilcox, October i8, 1871, in 

New Haven, and has four children: Charlotte Wilcox, born 

November 16, 1872; Roger Henry, born July 27, 1874; Arthur 

'Shaler, bom August 19, 1880; Edith Clifford, born April 17, 

1885. 

Roger Henry was graduated as Bachelor of Philosophy at Cor- 
nell in 1895, ^^^ received the degree of Master of Arts at Yale 
in 1903. November 18, 1901, he was married to Frances Cole- 
man, and has two children: Coleman, bom October 18, 1903, 
and Gordon, bom July 19, 1908. He is Treasurer of the Crane 
Valve Company of Bridgeport, Conn. 

Arthur Shaler received the degree of Bachelor of Arts from 
Yale in 1901, and of Mechanical Engineer from Cornell in 1904. 
He spent three years in the service of J. G. White & Company, 



29S THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

contracting engineers, in the Philippines, where he gained a good 
knowledge of the Spanish language and an experience in manag- 
ing laborers. In 1908 he purchased a tobacco plantation in the 
province of Havana, Cnba, which he has since enlarged, and 
organized into an incorporated stock company. 



Roger Butler Williams 

Son of Hon. Josiah B. and Mary (Hardy) Williams, and brother of 
Henry Shaler Williams, who entered Yale College with the Class of '6a 
took studies in the Sheffield Scientific School during Junior and Senior 
year and graduated with us. receiving the degree of Ph.B. 

Roger B. Williams was born in Ithaca, N. Y., May 8. 1848. 
and was prepared for college at Ithaca Academy, He maintained 
a uniformly good rank in scholarship throughout the four years, 
was a member of Phi Beta Kappa, and was one of the speakers 
at Commencement. 

After leaving Yale he returned to Ithaca, and became cashier 
of the Merchants and Farmers' National Bank in that place. In 
September, 1872, he united with his brothers H, S. and George 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 299 

R. Williams, and organized the firm of Williams Brothers, iron 
work manufacturers. His brother, H. S. Williams, withdrew 
from the firm in 1879 to take a position in Cornell University, 
and in 1883 George R. Williams also withdrew. Since that date 
Roger B. Williams has conducted the business alone, retaining 
the firm name of Williams Brothers. 

Williams has been President of the Ithaca Savings Bank since 
June, 1886, and President of the Board of Education of the City 
of Ithaca since 1890. He is also President of the First National 
Bank of Ithaca and of the Cornell Library Association, and is 
one of the Trustees, and also Chairman of the Finance Committee 
of Cornell University. He has served on the Board of Managers 
of the New York State Industrial School at Rochester, and of 
the Willard Asylum at Ovid, N. Y., and has been a Trustee of 
the Ithaca Hospital Association and a member of several local 
municipal commissions and business organizations. 

He was married November 2, 1870, to Ida Harris, at Ithaca, 
and had by this marriage a daughter: Pauline Harris, born 
September 21, 1871. 

Mrs. Williams died at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York, 
March 8, 1873, in the twenty-sixth year of her age. 

He was married again to Carrie L. Romer, December 17, 1874, 
in Brooklyn, N. Y. By this marriage he has had two children: 
Juliet Romer, born October 25, 1875, died August 24, 1876. 
Roger Butler, Jr., born December 29, 1879, was married 
October 4, 1904, to Louise Miller of Tarrytown, N. Y., and has 
two sons: Roger Butler Williams, 3d, born March 31, 1907; 
Henry M. Williams, born April 16, 191 1; and one daughter, 
Georgie C. Williams, bom August 29, 1912. 

♦Thomas Hanse Williams 

Son of William and Annice (Tooke) Williams, was born near 
Salisbury, Md., April 4, 1845. He was prepared for college at 
Salisbury Academy, and joined the class in September, 1865. 

After leaving college, he had charge of the Laurel Classical 
Institute, Laurel, Del., till the summer of 1871, when he was 
called to Salisbury Academy, the institution at which he was 
prepared for college. This school he took charge of in Septem- 
ber, 1871. In 1872 the academy came under the control of the 



30O THE CLASS OF IHOS, YALE COLLEGE 

County Public School Board, which converted it into a county 
high school, and Williams was appointed Principal, which posi- 
tion he held till 1880, when, feeling the need of rest, he resigned 
and gave his attention to fruit-growing upon his farm near Salis- 
bury. In 1886. at the earnest solicitation of the County School 
Hoard, he went back to his old position of Principal of the Salis- 
bury High School, having under his supervision about four 
hundred students. 



He was a Republican and was deeply interested in local and 
state politics. From 1895 to 1898 he was Chief Clerk in the 
office of the Comptroller of the State of Maryland. In 1898 he 
resigned, to accept the position of Superintendent of Public 
Schools for Wicomico, which office he held for four years. He 
was for many years a member of the City Council of Salisbury, 
and during a part of the time its Clerk. After the disastrous 
conflagration in Salisbury in 1886, he served also as a member 
of the Commission which put into effect the new city charter. 
He was one of the charter members of the Salisbury Building, 
Loan and I'.anking Association, was Director from its organiza- 
tion in 1886 till his death, and for the last live years had been 
Secretary of the Association. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 301 

Mr. Williams was one of the most active members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church in Salisbury, being a class leader and 
a teacher in the Sunday school. He was Steward, Trustee and 
Treasurer of the church, and a lay conference Steward of the 
Wilmington Methodist Episcopal Conference. 

September 23, 1873, he was married at Vienna, Md., to Eliza- 
beth E. Smithers of Smyrna, Del. 

Mn Williams died suddenly, August 29, 191 2, at the age of 
sixty-seven years. Funeral services were held at his residence 
the following Monday. Interment was in Parsons Cemetery at 
Salisbury. 



*John Howard Wilson 

Son of Deacon John Overing Wilson, who was born May 31, 1821, and 
died April, 1906, and of Mary (Morse) Wilson, who was born August 23, 
1820, and died August 23, 1913. His father, Deacon Wilson, was Presi- 
dent of the Natick Savings Bank and a member of the Massachusetts 
House of Representatives. He was a prominent member of the vil- 
lage debating society, in which were such men as Judge Bacon, Judge 
Morse, and Henry Wilson, afterwards Vice President of the United 
States. Both parents of our classmate filled positions of influence and 
trust in the town and church. In their home, religion, honor and recti- 
tude were the indwelling spirit; and industry and frugality, combined 
with good cheer, humor and hospitality, rendered it an attractive center 
for relatives and friends. The lecturers and the supplying ministers were 
usually entertained at Deacon Wilson's house. 

John H. Wilson was born in Natick, Mass., March 9, 1847, and 
was prepared for college by Abner Rice of that place. He had 
Phi Beta Kappa rank in scholarship, and was a member of the 
Junior Promenade Committee. 

After graduation he taught a year at Easton, Conn., and the 
following year began the study of law with his uncle, Joseph 
Warren Wilson (Yale College 1854), in Norwalk, Conn. He then 
taught for a short time at Flushing, N. Y., and meanwhile con- 
tinued his law studies with Henry A. Bogert (Columbia 1846). 
He was admitted to the Bar in 1872 and began practicing in New 
York City, being associated with Mr. Bogert and having charge 
of the court practice. After removing from Flushing he resided 
in Brooklyn, and later in New York City. In 1881 he became 
a permanent resident of Montclair, N. J. 



30" THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

He was for many years prominent in Republican politics. He 
was \' ice- President of the Town Republican Club, and Qiairman 
of the Montclair branch of the County Republican Committee. 
In the Presidential canvass of 1888 he took an active part on the 
Republican side. In 1889 he was elected Chairman of the Town- 
ship Committee of Montclair and was reelected for four consecu- 
tive years. He took an advanced position in the affairs of the 
township, and at an important meeting strongly advocated the 



incorporation of Montclair as a town. After the town was incor- 
porated, he was elected the first Chairman of the Town Council. 
This position was equivalent to that of Mayor in a city. It was 
through his efforts that the sewerage system and many other 
modern improvements in Montclair were introduced. He was a 
delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1892 at Minne- 
apolis, and helped to re-nominate Benjamin Harrison. 

Wilson was a member of the First Congregational Church, and 
a Director of the Montclair Club. 

He was married at Brooklyn, May 22, 1877, to Carolyn Ives 
Dawson, daughter of WiHiam Holt and Martha (Wilmot) Daw- 
son of Westville, Conn. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 303 

Though he had met with financial losses which seriously affected 
his health for four years, he bravely continued his law practice 
till two months before his decease. On December 7, 1905, he was 
suddenly attacked with a paralysis of the left side. On the 23d 
of the month he was removed to the home of his father in Natidc, 
Mass., where he died of heart failure, February 2, 1906. 

Mrs. Carolyn D. Wilson resides at 343 Belleville Avenue, 
Bloomfield, N. J. 



*Janies Henry Wood 

Son of Charles Wood, a manufacturer of silverware, and of Elizabeth 

(Morris) Wood. 

James H. Wood was born in New York City, November 2r, 
1848, and was prepared for college at Peekskill Academy. 

He was graduated at Columbia College Law School in May, 
1870, and began practice in New York City. He was well 
equipped for a practitioner and was considered one of the most 
promising young attorneys in the city. Within two years he 
was Managing Clerk of a large law firm, and Walter S. Carter 



304 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

offered him a partnership. Wood asked permission to introduce 
a classmate of his in the Cohimbia Law School, named Orrin 
Skinner, a man recognized as the ablest man in his class and its 
valedictorian. The result was the firm of Carter, Skinner & 
Wood, organized in 1873 but terminated in a year. Skinner hav- 
ing proved himself a scoundrel. When he withdrew. Wood went 
with him and they became partners but the partnership did not 
long continue. Wood was for a time clerk in the office of Shear- 
man & Sterling, and was for several years in practice alone. He 
was later employed by the Hubbell Legal Directory Company 
and by the Westinghouse Electric Company. During the last 
ten years of his life, by reason of failing health, he was without 
steady employment. 

April 26, 1877, he was married in New York City to Augusta 
E. Dodge, daughter of Judge William Dodge, and had three 
children: Morris Dodge, born February 12, 1878; Lylian 
Augusta, bom July 19, 1879; William Henry, bom October 13, 
1885 ; all in New York City. 

Morris D. Wood was married April 20, 1907, to lone Billing, 
at Chicago, 111. He is salesman for the Dean Electric Company 
of Elyria, Ohio, and resides at 904 Niel Avenue, Columbus. 

Lylian A. Wood became an expert stenographer, and is private 
secretary to Mr. H. D. Walbridge of the firm of H. D. Walbridge 
& Co.. bankers, 7 Wall Street, New York City. 

William H. Wood is in the employ of the Hatters' Fur 
Exchange, 23 Washington I'lace, New York City. He was mar- 
ried in October, 191 2, to Eva J. Roberts of Portland, Elaine, 
and has a son, William Roberts, born November 7, 1913. 

James Henry Wood died of consumption at St. Francis Hos- 
pital, New York City, ^larch 23, 1901, in the fifty-third year of 
his age. 

Mrs. Wood resides with her daughter Lylian at 81 Miller 
Avenue, Freeport, Long Island. 



*William Curtis Wood 

Son of William C. and Lucy M. (Lawrence) Wood, missionaries of the 
American Board, stationed at Mahabaleshwar, India, a health resort about 
thirty miles from Satara. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 305 

William C. Wood, our classmate, was born at Mahabaleshwar, 
April 20, 1849. At an early age he came to this country and 
took up his residence with his grandparents at Groton, Mass., 
where he (itted for college. He came to Yale, the youngest 
man in liis class, with no expectation of taking high honors. It 
soon became evident, however, that he was to be one of the 
marked men of the class. He was awarded prizes in Mathe- 
matics, Composition and Debate, gave the Greek Oration at Jun- 



ior Exhibition, and was a member of the Junior Promenade 
Committee. He took the Woolsey Scholarship in Freshman year, 
led the class in Sophomore year, and graduated as Salutatorian 
with a rank higher than that of the valedictorian in any preceding 
class. 

The year after graduation he taught in the Hopkins Grammar 
School. Teaching put a heavy tax upon his sensitive, nervous 
organization, and aggravated a trouble of the heart, which first 
showed itself in his boyhood. In the fall of 1869 he was elected 
to a tutorship in the college. He filled the place with conspicu- 
ous dignity for several months, but was compelled to resign 
owing to ill health. Some months later he went West, where he 



3o6 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

remained for a time with relatives and recniited his strength to 
a limited degree. In 1871 he returned to New Haven, where 
he continued to reside until his death. Here he gave private 
instruction, devoted himself to the study of philosophy and sci- 
ence, and later prepared himself for a position in the Patent 
Office, to which he had been appointed through President 
Woolsey. 

He died at the Treniont House, New Haven, July 15. 1875, 
at the early age of twenty-six. He was buried in the College 
lot in the old cemetery in New Haven, and a chaste marble monu- 
ment, erected by his classmate, Douglass Walcott, marks his 
resting place. 



*Enoch Day Woodbridge 

Eldest son of Hon. Frederick E. Woodbridge (University of Vermont 
1841), and of Mary P. (Halsey) Woodbridge. 

Enoch D. Woodbridge was boni in Vergennes, Vt., July 29, 
1848, and was prepared for college at the Episcopal Institute, 
Burlington. 

After leaving college he was a student at the College of Physi- 
cians and Surgeons in New York City, where he was graduated 
in 1872. He served in the hospitals of New York City for four 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 307 

years. In 1875 he was House Surgeon of the Fourth Division 
of Bellevue Hospital. He returned to Vergennes in 1876. and 
was associated with his father in the practice of medicine till his 
death, which occurred January 4, 1887, in the thirty-ninth year of 
his age. 



Henry Collins Woodruff 

Son of Albert and Harriet (Partridge) Woodruff, is a descendant on 
his father's side of William Bradford, and on his mother's side of John 
Cotton. His great-grandfather on his mother's side was Joseph Lytnan, 
the second President of the American Board of Commissioners for 
Foreign Missions. Albert Woodruff was a well-known Sunday school 
organizer. He began a Sunday school under a tree in Brooklyn, on the 
street corner. This grew to be a large and flourishing school, and became 
the Warren Street Mission. Later it was adopted as Pilgrim Chapel 
by the Church of the Pilgrims. He was the founder of the Foreign 
Sunday School Association. 

Henry C. Woodruff was bom in Brooklyn, N. Y.. February 
16, 1845, and entered WiUiston Seminary at the age of fourteen. 
Soon after the middle of Senior year the condition of his eyes 
compelled him to give up study, and he spent about a year between 
working on a farm and clerking in a store. Later he completed 



308 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

his preparation for Yale and passed his examinations with the 
Class of '66. During the greater part of the next two years 
he was abroad with his family. In September, 1864, he entered 
Yale with the Class of '68. 

He had Phi Beta Kappa rank in scholarship, and was one of 
the speakers at Junior Exhibition. 

During the first year after graduation, he was a student at 
Union Theological Seminary. The two following years were 
spent at the Seminary at Andover, where he completed his course 
of theological study in 1871. His first parish was at Northport, 
Suffolk County, N. Y. Here he remained between eight and nine 
years. October 13, 1881, he was settled as pastor of the Congre- 
gational Church at Black Rock, Conn., where he has remained 
for over thirty-two years. 

His time and energy have been divided between his pastorate 
and his duties as a member of the Foreign Sunday School Asso- 
ciation. His father had always been a great believer in Sun- 
day schools as a method of lay-cooperation in religious work, 
and became convinced that the institution was capable of wide- 
spread beneficial results upon the continent of Europe and else- 
where, where it was almost an exotic and comparatively unknown. 
In 1863 he retired from business and devoted the remainder of 
his life largely to this work. This led to the organization of the 
Foreign Sunday School Association, which was prominent among 
the pioneers of Sunday school work abroad. It is interesting to 
note that some of the principal methods by which the work has 
been since extended were anticipated by Mr. Woodruff. The 
almost world-wide correspondence by which it was carried on by 
him seems to have been an anticipation of the correspondence 
school and its methods and of the present World's Sunday school 
movement. Upon the decease of his father, our classmate suc- 
ceeded him in the presidency of the Association, to whose man- 
agement he has devoted what leisure has been afforded by a 
rather small parish. It has been a voluntary work, but inter- 
esting and of widespread usefulness. 

In the autumn of 191 3, he visited Berlin, upon invitation, to 
attend the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the inaugura- 
tion of his father's work there in 1863-64. 

Woodruff was for several years Associate Editor of the Inter- 
national Evangel, published in St. Louis, and edited the Foreign 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 309 

Sunday School Department. He published "The Pilgrims' Leg- 
acy," an address delivered December i8, 1898, before the United 
Congregational Churches of Bridgeport in commemoration of 
Forefathers Day, and his Twenty-fifth Anniversary sermon 
delivered October 14, 1906. On the occasion of the latter, his 
people presented Mr. and Mrs. Woodruff with a beautiful loving 
cup, in which were served grapes with the juice still in them. 
He has also written a number of newspaper articles, chiefly on 
Sunday school topics. 

On October 15, 1884, he was married, at Black Rock, to Mary 
A. Bart ram. 



Henry Parks Wright 

Only son of Parks and Relief Willard (Woolley) Wright, who were 
married at Hinsdale, N. H., March 2, 1836. His father, Parks Wright, 
born in Winchester, N. H., June 11, 1808, a contractor and builder of that 
town, was son of Ellsworth Wright and a descendant in the ninth gen> 
eration of Samuel Wright, who was deacon of the church in Springfield, 
Mass., in 1639. His mother. Relief W. Woolley, was daughter of Dr. 
David Woolley of Hinsdale, N. H., a Revolutionary soldier, and of Han- 
nah (Crawford) Woolley, daughter of Captain John Crawford of 
Oakham, Mass. 

Dr. David Woolley was born November 3, 1760, at Shirley, Mass. 
About three years after the close of the Revolutionary War he settled 
as a physician in Halifax, Vt. Six years later he removed to Hinsdale, 
where he was prominent in town affairs and was sent several terms as 
Representative to the General Court at Concord. He married for his 
second wife Hannah Crawford, June 13, 1814. Their only child, Relief 
Willard, was bom March 3, 1815. Dr. Woolley died November 11, 1844, 
aged eighty-four years. 

Captain John Crawford, born January 7, 1739, was son of Alexander 
Crawford, one of the first settlers of Oakham. He commanded the com- 
pany of Oakham Minutemen who marched in response to the Lexington 
alarm on April 19, 1775. May 31, 1776, he was commissioned Captain of 
the Oakham Company in the Fourth Worcester County Regiment of 
Massachusetts Militia, which office he held till the close of the war. He 
was in command of a company in Colonel Job Cushing's Massachusetts 
Regiment at the Battles of Saratoga and Stillwater. He married for his 
third wife Mary Ford of Pembroke. Their daughter, Hannah, was born 
August 16, 1782. Captain Crawford died October 16, 1824, in the eighty- 
sixth year of his age. 

Henry P. Wright was born in Winchester, November 30, 1839. 
His father died January 8, 1840; his mother died November 27, 



310 THE CLASS OF lOOS, YALE COLLEGE 

1842. After the death of his parents, he lived with his grand- 
mother, who in 1846, after the decease of her husband, removed 
to her early home in Oakham. He began to teach in the dis- 
trict schools of the town in 1856, and continued teaching in the 
fall and winter for several years. 

He began his preparation for college at Phillips Academy, 
Andover, but left the class at the end of Middle Year to enter 
the army, enlisting in August, 1862, in Company F, Fifty-first 



Massachusetts Infantry. He was appointed Sergeant November 
4, 1862, was Clerk of Company F, and was detailed to ser\'e as 
Assistant Quartermaster when Company F, with other com- 
panies, was on picket or provost duty. He served with tlie regi- 
ment till it was mustered out, July 27, 1863, On his return home, 
he finished his preparation for Yale with Rev. Dr. Francis N, 
Peloubet, then settled over the Congregational Church in Oakham. 
He earned his way in great part through the four years; won 
the Hurlbut Scholarship in Freshman year; took prizes in Dec- 
lamation and in Composition in Sophomore and Senior years; 
had the Latin Oration at Junior Exhibition ; was one of the 
Commencement speakers; and graduated with Philosophical rank 
in scholarship. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 311 

After graduation he went to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he was 
an instructor in the Chickering Institute. In July, 1869, he was 
appointed Tutor in Greek and Latin in Yale College, and began 
his duties in January following. In July, 1871, he was appointed 
Assistant Professor of Latin for five years, and at the end of that 
term was elected to the Dunham Professorship of Latin. In 
1876 he received the degree of Ph.D. at Yale, after a course of 
study under Professors Whitney and Thacher. From April, 1877, 
to August, 1878, he was a student at the Universities of Gottin- 
gen and Berlin. In 1895 he received the Honorary Degree of 
LL.D. from Union College. 

In July, 1884, he was appointed, by President Porter, Dean of 
Yale College, which position he held for twenty-five years, with- 
drawing from active service in 1909, when he had reached the 
age at which, by act of the Corporation, all officers of the Uni- 
versity are retired. 

At their last meeting for the year, June 25, 1909, at the close 
of his twenty-five years' service as Dean, the College Faculty 
presented him with a silver medal. In making the presentation 
in behalf of the Faculty, Professor Bernadotte Perrin addressed 
him as follows : 

"Mr. Dean: — You could hardly suppose that, after twenty-five years of 
such service as you have given to Yale College, your colleagues would 
suffer you to lay down the burdens of your high office without attempting, 
however inadequately, to express their appreciation of what you have 
done for the College and for them. 

"You are the first Dean of Yale College. In theatrical parlance, you 
have created the role. Gradually and insensibly the duties of the office 
have grown in scope and number, until from serving as a higher division 
or class officer you have come to act in as large a capacity as the old 
Presidents of the College. With the ever growing demands of the office, 
you have steadily grown in resourcefulness and power. Along with 
exacting and complicated administrative labors, you have continued to 
the very last to be a stimulating teacher, a sound and reputable scholar 
and editor. But your greatest service is that you have introduced a new 
era here in the relations between students and Faculty. From a relation 
of distrust and antipathy, we have passed to one of mutual confidence and 
amity. To arbitrate between a large body of impulsive young men and a 
College Faculty, is no light matter. We all know how volcanic is the one, 
and how full of *horned cattle' is the other. How impartially you have 
served the interests of both is seen by the fact that the students charge 
you with leaning too much toward the Faculty side of questions, and the 
Faculty of espousing too warmly the interests of the students. Both are 
wrong, and you alone are right. 



312 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

"You have shown yourself a Master of the Young Man's Heart. On 
that wondrous harp you have smitten 'all the chords with might'; smit- 
ten 'the chord of self, that, trembling, passed in music out of sight' You 
have ever trusted, and you have taught us to trust in the better side of 
the young man's nature. By reposing confidence in him, and leading 
us to do the same, you have made this great volcanic community in large 
measure self-governing. You have cultivated in it the great Anglo-Saxon 
heritage of self-government. Instead of driving, you have led, and have 
taught us so to do. You have awakened and strengthened men's con- 
fidence in their better selves. And so you are entrenched impregnably 
in the hearts of eight generations of Yale academic life, — as impregnably 
also in the hearts of all your colleagues. And as you pass from the 
office which you have made so high and potent, we think of your per- 
vasive wisdom, of your calm confidence and hope, of the unswerving recti- 
tude of your course; but the words which echo to our thoughts of you 
most truly are those of Shakespeare's most sweetest Judge: 

'The quality of mercy is not strained; 
It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven 
Upon the place beneath. It is twice blest: 
It blesseth him that gives and him that takes ; 
It is enthroned in the hearts of kings; 
It is an attribute to God himself ; 
And earthly power doth then show likest God's 
When mercy seasons justice.' 

During all the twenty-five years in which you have stood as Arbiter, 
Mediator, and Daysman between impulsive hearts and compulsive author- 
ity, you have consistently seasoned justice with mercy, and invigorated 
mercy with justice." 

On retiring from the Dean's office, he was elected an Honor- 
ary Member of the graduating class (Class of 1909), and received 
an engrossed certificate of membership. 

Wright is a Trustee of the Connecticut College for Women, and 
of the Hopkins Grammar School in New Haven (since 1886), 
and was for a few years one of the Trustees of Mr. Moody's 
School for Boys at Mount Hermon, Mass. He was one of the 
founders of the Yale Foreign Missionary Society, a member of 
its Executive Committee till 191 1 when he resigned, and for tw^o 
years its President. He is a member of the Connecticut Academy 
of Arts and Sciences, of the American Philological Association, 
of the Archaeological Institute of America, of the American 
Historical Association, of the New Haven Colony Historical 
Society, and of the New England Historic Genealogical Society ; 
also of the Graduate Club and Yale Alumni Association of New 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 313 

Haven. He was one of the founders of the Yale Cooperative 
Corporation and its first President. 
He has published : 

"Satires of Juvenal," Ginn & Co., 1901. 

"Reports of the Dean of Yale College/' 1900-09. New Haven. The 
Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor Press. 

"Fobes Memorial Library, Oakham, Mass.," with two historical 
addresses. The Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor Press. 1909. 

"The Early Grammar Schools of New England," an address before 
the graduating class of the Hopkins Grammar School upon its 250th anni- 
versary. The Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor Press. 1910. 

"From School Through College." The Yale University Press. 1911. 

"Independence Day in 1797." The Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor Press. 

191 1. 
"Soldiers of Oakham, Mass." The Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor Press. 

1914- 

He was married July 7, 1874, at Oakham, to Martha Eliza- 
beth Burt (graduate of the Oread Collegiate Institute, 1871), 
daughter of Alfred Ely and Elizabeth (Lincoln) Burt, and has 
had four children : Alice Lincoln, born in Oakham, July 13, 1875 ; 
Henry Burt, born in New Haven, January 29, 1877; Alfred 
Parks, born in New Haven, January 5, 1880; Ellsworth, born in 
Oakham, August 2.2, 1884. 

Alice passed the examination for admission to Yale College 
and was admitted to Wellesley College, where she was graduated 
in 1897. She took a course in English in the Yale Graduate 
School, received the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in 1901, and 
is a teacher of English in the Connecticut State Normal School 
in New Haven. 

Henry received from Yale the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 
1898 and of Doctor of Philosophy in 1903. In 1903 he was made 
tutor in Greek and Latin in the college. Five years later he 
was appointed Assistant Professor of History. In 1914 he was 
transferred to the Yale School of Religion to fill the newly estab- 
lished Stephen Merrell Clement professorship of Christian 
Methods. He was married, July 24, 1907, to Josephine Lemira 
Hayward (B.A. Wellesley 1898), daughter of Dr. Joseph W. 
Hayward of Taunton, Mass. 

Alfred died May 20, 1901. He was a member of the Senior 
Qass in Yale College, with high rank in scholarship. His degree 
was given at Commencement, 1901, by special vote of the 
Corporation. 



THE CLASS OF l»6o, YALE COLLEGE 



*Horatio Greene Yates 

Son of William P. and Louisa Ann (Parmenter) Yates, was 
bom in Elmira, N. Y., January 25, 1846, and was prepared for 
college by Isaac M. Welling;ton of that place, and at Yonkers 
(N. Y.) Preparatory School. 

After graduating at Yale, he returned to Elmira and studied 
civil engineering, intending to follow that as his profession. Cir- 
cumstances made it important for him to have a knowledge of law, 
and he subsequently studied with E. H. Benn, Esq., of Elmira, 
and attended the Columbia University Law School, where he was 
graduated in 1876. He was admitted to the Bar in the same 
year. His chief business was the care of the farm and city 
property in which he was largely interested. He retired from 
active business a few years before his death, which occurred 
March 18, 1896. 

He was married June 4. 1884, to Alice Salmon, and had two 
children: Fanny, born April 6, 1886; William Parmenter, bom 
September 7, 1887. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — GRADUATES 315 

Fanny was graduated with the degree of B.A. from Elmira 
College in 1906, and during the following year pursued graduate 
studies at Bryn Mawr. 

William Parmenter was graduated in Law from the University 
of Pennsylvania in 1912. 

Mrs. Yates resides at 215 West Church St., Elmira, N. Y. 



NON-GRADUATES 



♦Arthur Hoyt Averill 

Son of Hon. Roger Averill, was born July 6, 1845, ^^ Salisbury, 
Conn., and was prepared for college at Williston Seminary. He 
left the Class during the second term of Freshman year, subse- 
quently entered '69, and was graduated with that Class. 

His biography is given in the '69 class book. 



William Henry Backus 

Son of Hon. Thomas and Sarah A. Backus, was born in West 
Killingly, Conn., July 29, 1844. He was prepared for college at 
Phillips Academy, Andover, entered the Class of '68 at Brown 
University, where he remained one term, and joined '68 at Yale 
in January, 1865. He remained with the Class till the first term 
of Junior year, and afterward graduated with the Class of '70. 

His biography is given in the '70 class book. 



* George Dunlap Ballantyne 

Son of Nathaniel Ballantyne, was bom in Pittsburgh, Pa., 
March 22, 1843. 

Before entering college, he served in the army, in the One 
Hundred and Ninety-third Pennsylvania Infantry, a regiment 
organized at Pittsburgh July 24, 1864, which volunteered for 
one hundred days. 

He came to Yale from Jefferson College, Cannonsburg, Pa., in 
January, 1865, and was a member of '68 till the close of the second 
term of Junior year. He was President of the Yale Chess Club, 
and at the time of the athletic events at Worcester, July 25-27, 1866, 
he, as the representative of Yale '68, played a chess match with 
C. S. Hunt of Harvard '68, in which Ballantyne was generally 
acknowledged the winner, though the final game was not finished. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 317 

In October, 1867, he entered Bellevue Hospital Medical College, 
where he was graduated in March, 1870. He practiced his pro- 
fession in Pittsburgh, Pa., from 1871 till his death, which occurred 
July 13, 1891. 

He was married, September 21, 1871, to Clara Swoope of 
Pittsburgh. 

*Giddings Moses Ballou 

Son of Rev. Moses Ballou, was born in Portsmouth, N. H., 
January 3, 1846. He was prepared for Yale at Manhattan Col- 
lege (New York Free Academy), joined '68 at the beginning of 
the course, and remained with the class till the second term of 
Sophomore year. 

He matriculated in the School of Medicine of the University 
of Pennsylvania, March 30, 1866, and received the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine from that institution in 1868. The subject 
of his essay was "Extraction of Cataract." 

He was drowned, July 25, 1868, while bathing near Atlantic 
City, N. J. 

John Frederick Barnett 

Son of William Noyes and Mary (Pritchard) Barnett, and brother of 
William E. Barnett of the class of 1864, Yale College. His father was 
son of Samuel Barnett, who married the daughter of Paul Noyes of 
New Haven. His mother, Mary Sullivan Pritchard, was daughter of 
Paul Pritchard, a shipping merchant and builder of Charleston, S. C. 

John F. Barnett was born June 26, 1846, in West Haven, Conn. 
His preparation for Yale was received partly at Brown's School 
in West Haven, and partly at the Hopkins Grammar School in 
New Haven. He entered Yale College with the Class of '68, but 
left before the end of Freshman year to enter the Yale Medical 
School, where he received the degree of M.D. in 1869. 

After graduating in medicine, he was at the Hartford City 
Hospital one year, and was Ship Surgeon between Liverpool and 
New York two years. In October, 1872, he commenced practice 
in Brooklyn, N. Y., being connected with the Central Dispensary 
and Raymond Street Hospital. In 1875 he removed to West 
Haven, where he still continues in the practice of his profession. 



3l8 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

He held the position of Health Officer for twenty years, and was 
Medical Examiner for the town until October, 1910. 

In August, 191 1, in a collision between his automobile and a 
trolley car, he suffered very serious injury, and hardly survived 
the shock. His leg was fractured. After eight weeks in bed, 
and four months in house, he recovered and resumed his practice. 
Though still lame, he is now enjoying good health. 

In 1880 he was married to Mary E. Keeley of Ottawa, Canada. 
They have had two children, only one of whom is now living: 
Frederick Herbert, born October 24, 1887, educated in the public 
schools of West Haven and at the Hopkins Grammar School, and 
now in the office of the Secretary of the New York, New Haven 
and Hartford Railroad. 

Dr. Barnett is a member of the State, County, and City Medical 
Associations, and also of Kings County Medical Society of New 
York. 

*Lewis Sylvester Bemis 

Son of Joshua Bemis, was born in North Chester, Mass., Octo- 
ber 5, 1846, and was prepared for college at Williston Seminar\\ 

He left the class at the close of the first term of Freshman year, 
and in the following September joined '69, of which he was a 
member until the second term of Junior year. 

After leaving Yale, he was in business for some years in 
Springfield, Mass. He subsequently studied bridge-building, 
which occupation he followed for the greater part of his life. 

He died at Sabine, Texas, August 28, 1900. 



*William Henry Birney 

Born in New York City, November 27, 1844. He began his 
preparation for college at the Connecticut Literary Institution, 
Suffield, Conn., but gave up his studies to enlist in the army. In 
1862-63 he served in Virginia, with the Twenty-second Connect- 
icut Infantry. After his discharge he returned to Suffield and 
finished his preparation for Yale. When he entered college, his 
father was not living and his home was with his mother, Mrs. 
Mary Birney, in New Hartford, Conn. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 319 

The father of his roommate thus described Birney as he 
appeared at the beginning of Freshman year : 

'•'A keen, sharp-witted Yankee ; obliged to study strict economy ; trained 
to industry; not ashamed to help himself; anxious to study, with his eye 
fixed on the future use of his attainments; gentlemanly in his deport- 
ment; of rather pleasant countenance and cheerful voice; clear-sighted 
in making a bargain; evidently somewhat used to the world, and not 
afraid to say what he thinks; yet modest, withal, and unassuming." 

He left the class at the end of the first term of Junior year, was 
married soon after, and was for a short time in Cleveland, Ohio. 
As far as it has been possible to learn, no member of his family 
and no army comrade has heard from him since. As he has never 
applied for a soldier's pension, it is quite certain that he is no 
longer living. 



*John Wemple Bowman 

Son of Alexander and Pamelia (Stillwell) Bowman, was born 
in Johnstown, N. Y., April i, 1846, and was prepared for college 
at the Hudson River Institute, Claverack, N. Y. 

He left the class during the third term of Sophomore year, went 
immediately to St. Louis and entered the employ of Stillwell, 
Powell & Company, steamboat owners. In a short time he became 
head clerk of one of their boats, the "W. R. Arthur," running 
between St. Louis and New Orleans. This boat was then, with 
one exception, the largest ever built on the Mississippi River. Its 
boiler exploded on the night of January 28, 1871, and no trace 
was found of Bowman after the accident. 

In his last letter to Robbins, he wrote : 



<<i 



*I enjoy a business life, and believe I am happier here than I should 
have been in a profession. The time which I spent at college, however, 
was by no means lost, and I would not part with what I there acquired 
for any compensation." 



Halsted Boylan 

Son of James and Mary Kerr (Halsted) Boylan. He is of Irish and 
English descent. His father, James Boylan, was of the well-known and 
distinguished family of that name in Connemara and Sligo Counties. One 



320 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

of his ancestors was a physician, Dr. James Boylan, a graduate of Dublin 
University, Ireland. The family of his mother, Miss Mary Kerr Halsted, 
of New Jersey, came from Sussex County, England. 

Halsted Boylan was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, January 19, 
1845, ^vas prepared for college at Phillips Academy, Andover, 
joined the Class of *68 in January, 1865, and remained till near 
the close of the second term of Sophomore year. 

From Yale College he went to the celebrated Jesuit College of 
Juilly, near Paris, for one year and then entered the University 
of Paris in the ecole de Medicine. Soon the Franco-German War 
broke out, and he was appointed Assistant Surgeon in the Army 
of the Rhine and served through the war, going through the siege 
of Metz and being in the battles fought around Metz. After the 
war, he continued his medical course in Berlin, and in Leipsic, 
where he was graduated in medicine May 15, 1874. Returning 
to America, he settled in Baltimore and practiced there, being a 
member of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland and 
of several local and national scientific societies, and receiving the 
degree of M.A. from Lafayette College in 1875. He was for 
five consecutive summers resident physician at the Buffalo Lithia 
Springs, Virginia, being at that time Professor of Surgery in the 
Baltimore Medical College. Later he returned to Paris and 
graduated at the ecole de Medicine and resided there, practicing 
his profession many years. 

He was married, December 14, 1872, to Ellen Gilmor, daughter 
of Robert Gilmor and sister of Col. Harry Gilmor, the celebrated 
Confederate leader. 

His only daughter, Florence Halsted Boylan, was married to 
Vicomte Alfredo de Monteverde, Counselor of the Portuguese 
Legation at Rome, in that city, in July, 1908. 

After the death of his wife in Rome in 1909, he returned to 
America and is now residing in Baltimore. He was again mar- 
ried, on June 15, 191 1, at Baltimore, to Mrs. Mary Lloyd Key 
Gilmor, granddaughter of Francis Scott Key. 

His book, "Six Months under the Red Cross," was published 
by Robert Clark & Company, 1872. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES NON-GR^\DUATES 32 1 

Walter Buck 

Son of Edward and Elizabeth Greene (Hubbard) Buck. His father, 
Edward Buck (Yale College 1835), a lawyer of Boston, and editor of a 
volume entitled "Massachusetts Ecclesiastical Law," was a descendant of 
Governor Gurdon Saltonstall and Governor John Winthrop. His mother, 
Elizabeth Greene Hubbard, was daughter of Hon. Samuel Hubbard (Yale 
College 1802), a Justice of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts. 

Walter Buck was born in Boston, Mass., September 29, 1847, 
came to Yale from Phillips Academy, Andover, entered with '68 
at the beginning of Freshman year, left the Class in January, 
1865, on account of ill-health, and was graduated with the Class 
of '70. 

His biography is given in the '70 class book. 



William Benedict Bull 

Son of Lorenzo Bull, a descendant of the Colonial Captain Thomas 
Bull, who served in the Pequot War. His mother was Margaret Hunter 
Benedict, daughter of Dr. William Benedict of Millbury, Mass., and 
granddaughter of Dr. Joel Benedict, a noted divine. 

William B. Bull was born in Quincy, 111., November 8, 1844, 
and was prepared for college by Rev. William B. Corbyn of 
Palmyra, Mo. 

He was from the beginning one of the prominent men in the 
class. He was Chairman of the Committee on Freshman Class 
Supper, held at the Savin Rock House, West Haven, at the close 
of the Freshman annual examinations, and was one of the Class 
Historians on that occasion. He left the class during the second 
term of Sophomore year and engaged in banking in Quincy. 

He was half owner, and manager of the Quincy Water Works 
till 1904, when he sold to the city. For one year he was President 
of the American Water Works Association, a representative 
organization of water works owners and officers from all over 
the country. In 1896 he removed to Chicago, where he has since 
claimed residence, though from 1904 to 1909 he lived in New 
York City. His line of business for thirty years, up to 1904, was 
chiefly that of public purveyor of water. He has lately become 
21 



3^2 THE CLASS OF lOOO, YALE COLLEGE 

associated with an old partner, O. H. Jewell, who has perfected 
a new way of making ice from natural water that is as clear and 
pure as that made from distilled water, and the two have organ- 
ized the Polar Ice Machine Company, The company have plants 
operating successfully, or under construction, from California 
to Porto Rico. The Ritz-Carlton Hotel of New York City and 
the Blackstone Hotel of Chicago make their ice by this process 
and with this apparatus. Bull has written several papers on the 



question of water purification. His last paper, "A New Method 
of Chemical Treatment of Water," was read before the third 
annual meeting of the Illinois Water Supply Association at 
Urbana, February, 1911. 

He was married July 5, 1882, in Elmira, N. Y., to Mary Woods, 
and has four children : Margaret Benedict, born March 24, 1884 ; 
Helen Parker, born September 21, 1885 ; Hilda, born January 20, 
1888; Lorenzo, born June 7, 1890; all in Quincy. 

Margaret, having artistic taste and talent, is studying at the 
School of Design in New York City. 

Helen was married, April 29, 1909, to Alan Patrick Campbell, 
of London, son of Mrs. Patrick Campbell. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 323 

Hilda is engaged in settlement work at the Hull House in 
Chicago. 

Lorenzo was graduated from Yale College with Phi Beta 
Kappa rank in scholarship, in the Class of 1913. He distin- 
guished himself in mathematics and science, taking the Barge 
Mathematical Prizes in Freshman and Sophomore years, and 
Special Honors in Physical Sciences at graduation. For special 
excellence in scientific studies, he was also elected a member of 
Sigma Xi. He is at present (1914) a teacher in the Santa 
Barbara School, Carpenteria, Cal. 



John Adam Cake 

Son of Col. Joseph Warren Cake of Sunbury, Pa., Collector of the 
Port of Philadelphia, and for many years President of the Farmers' Bank 
of Schuylkill County at Pottsville. His grandfather, John Cake, was 
of Scotch descent. His mother was Julia Adams of Litchfield County, 
Conn., a daughter of Amy Brown, also of Litchfield County. 

John A. Cake was born August 25, 1846, in Harrisburg, Pa., 
and was prepared for college by Augustine Hart of New Haven, 
Conn. He entered with the Class of '68, but left during the first 
term. Soon after leaving Yale, he opened a law office in Sun- 
bury, Pa., where he still continues the practice of his profession. 

He was married, February 27, 1868, to Minnie E. McCullough, 
at Pottsville, and has had six children, three of whom are now 
living. 



*John Clarkson Calhoun 

Son of Captain John Calhoun of the United States Navy, was 
born in New York City April 25, 1844, and was prepared for 
college by Professor Meigs of Pottstown, Pa. He left the Class 
during the first term of Freshman year, and was subsequently a 
member of '69 for a few weeks. 

Pie died at Newburgh, N. Y., October 16, 1867. 



324 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

*Frank Ferdinand Cecil 

Son of John Rogers Cecil, a prominent New York merchant, 
was born July i8, 1845, in Massillon, Ohio, and was prepared for 
college at Mt. Pleasant Acadany, Sing Sing (now Ossining). 
N. Y. He entered the Class at the beginning of Freshman year, 
but left in December, 1865, to engage in business in New York 
City, where he became a prominent merchant. He was for several 



years junior member of the firm of Bulkley, Murfey & Cecil, and 
in 1875 entered the firm of Sherman, Hayes & Co., importers. 
Upon the death of his brother-in-law, Mr. Hayes, several years 
later, the firm was changed to Sherman, Cecil & Co. 

In a letter to the Secretary in the Spring of 1893, he said : 

"Since I last wrote you I have grown a little older, a little gouticr. 
somewhat less tolerant of other people's crochets, and have several moro 
of them of my own. In fact, my life is and has been drifting along as do 
a majority of lives that do not end a short existence in a blaze of glory or 
a, cloud of infamy. The chief end of my existence is, as it was five j-ears 
ago, the same, only more so since the advent of that peculiar breed of 
tariff abominations known as 'McKinleyism.' In fact, I am a fair sample 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES NON-GRADUATES 325 

of a merchant who has come to have no great fondness for business, but 
gets what pleasure he has in life out of the cultivation of the few acres 
that surround his home." 

Cecil was a member of the Merchants' Club, and was exceed- 
ingly popular among his friends and acquaintances. He displayed 
marked abilities as a merchant, and his efforts contributed largely 
to the success of the firm of which he was a member. 

He died of disease of the kidneys, at his home in Summit, 
N. J., on Wednesday, December 27, 1893. 



*Roswell Lyman Colt, Jr. 

His father was Roswell Lyman Colt of Paterson, N. J., who was a 
connection of Samuel Colt, founder of the Colt Firearms Company of 
Hartford, Conn. His mother, Jane M. (Davison) Colt, was bom in the 
West Indies. The family lived for a time in New York City, where the 
son was born. 

Roswell L. Colt, Jr., studied in preparation for college under 
Rev. Fiske P. Brewer of New Haven, and while in college lived 
with his mother at 226 Church Street. He had serious trouble 
with his eyes, and left the class in consequence before the close 
of the first term of Freshman year. 

Soon after leaving Yale he went abroad with his mother, where 
he remained till he was thirty years old. He inherited great 
wealth, and after his return to America took a prominent part 
in the social life of New York. For many years he was a leading 
member of the New York Club and was one of its officers when 
that organization was disbanded. He was also a member of the 
St. Nicholas Society. 

His eyes grew worse, and toward the close of his life he became 
nearly blind. Partly on account of this disease, he did not engage 
in any regular business, though he dealt to some extent in stocks. 
He was for some years a resident of Brooklyn, N. Y., but retired 
about a year ago to the Self Masters' Colony at Elizabeth, N. J., 
where he died January 14, 1914, aged seventy years. Funeral 
services were held at Stephen Merritt's Chapel, in New York City, 
on Friday afternoon, January 16. Interment was in Woodlawn 
Cemetery. 



326 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

William Bates Davenport 

Was born in New York City, March lo, 1847. He was pre- 
pared for college by J. C. Overhiser of Brooklyn, and entered 
Yale with '67, remaining with that class till the third term of 
Sophomore year. In the summer of 1865 he was connected with 
'68 for a short time. 

In June, 1887, Yale University conferred on him the honorary 
degree of Master of Arts, with enrollment in the Class of '67. 

His biography is given in the '67 class book. 



*Asa Wilton Day 

Son of Asa Day of Marlborough, Conn. His mother was Charlotte P. 
Jones, whose father and mother were born on the same day, married 
at twenty-one, and both lived to be eighty-eight years old. 

Asa W. Day was born in Marlborough, May 6, 1844, and was 
prepared for college by Rev. A. J. Pike of that place. He left 
the class at the close of the first term. 

In the spring of 1865 he engaged in the manufacture of cotton 
goods, with factories at Marlborough and near Newtown, Conn., 
in the Housatonic Valley. In 1868 he was a member of the Con- 
necticut House of Representatives, on the Democratic side. 

He sold out his interests in the cotton business in 1869, ^"^ 
became state agent for Connecticut of the ]\Iutual Benefit Life 
Insurance Company of Newark, N. J., with headquarters at Hart- 
ford. This position he held for about twelve years. 

In 1882 he located in St. Louis, Mo., and established himself in 
the wholesale rubber business, with his brother, Samuel J. Day, 
becoming President of the Day Rubber Company, which employed 
a large number of traveling salesmen and covered a large extent 
of territory. After 1904 he was not active in business, but still 
kept in touch with it. 

He was a charter member and Vice-President of the New 
England Society of St. Louis, and a member of the Mercantile 
Club, and of the Business Men's League. 

Mr. Day died at his home in St. Louis, December 28, 1913. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES NON-GRADUATES 32? 

He was married June lo, 1869, at Detroit, Mich., to Mary R. 
Coit, and had three children: Robert Coit, born May 7, 1870; 
Marion, born September 21, 1871 ; Alice Coit, born January 18, 
1873. 

Robert married Kate Morgan, daughter of Captain O. H. 
Morgan, in October, 1895, and has two children. He is now the 
Manager of the Day Rubber Company. For five years he served 



as President of the St. Louis Republican Club. He was one of 
the four Delegates at Large, representing the St. Louis district, to 
the National Republican Convention held at Chicago when Roose- 
velt was nominated. He has been President of the Missouri 
Athletic Club of St. Louis, which has a membership of more than 
three thousand. 

Both of the daughters were educated at Wellesley College. 
Marion was married in February, 1902, to Mr. F. D. Seward. 
Treasurer of the National Candy Company. 



328 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

♦Frederick Richard Seward Drake 

The only surviving child of Frederick A. and Mar}'^ H. 
(Seward) Drake, was born in Windsor, Conn., August 31, 1846, 
and was prepared for college by Dr. Talcott of Guilford, Conn. 
He was a member of '67 during Freshman year, and of '68 one 
term. In 1883 he received the degree of M.A. from Yale, with 
enrollment in the Class of '67. 

His biography is given in the '67 class book. 



Albert Williamson Durley 

Son of Williamson and Elizabeth (Winters) Durley. His father, 
Williamson Durley, was a prominent man in Putnam County, and an 
Abolitionist, or, as he called himself, a "Liberty man." It was to him 
that Abraham Lincoln wrote the letter of October 3, 1845, regretting 
that the Liberty Men had not voted with the Whigs in the late election 
and made Mr. Clay President. 

Albert W. Durley was born in Hennepin, 111., October 15, 1841. 
Before coming to Yale, he was a student in the preparatory 
department of Wheaton College. He entered the class October 
10, 1864, and was a member till the end of Freshman year. 

After leaving college, he was Principal of a union school at 
LaGrange, Ind., till July, 1867, when he began the study of law 
in the office of Blanchard & Leland, Ottawa, 111. In January, 

1869, he commenced to practice in Hennepin. In September, 

1870, he was appointed Superintendent of Schools for Putnam 
County, which office he held for three years. He removed in 
187s to LeMars, Plymouth Co., Iowa, and became a member of 
the firm of Dudley & Sammis, counsellors at law and dealers 
in real estate. In July, 1892, he removed from LeMars to 
Superior, Wisconsin, where he continues in the practice of his 
profession. In November, 1906, he was elected Assemblyman in 
Wisconsin, serving one term, and was on the Judiciary Committee 
and on the Committee on Manufactures and Labor. 

He was married September 18, 1876, to Lola E. Martland, and 
has three daughters: Irene, born October 28, 1881 ; Lucille V.. 
born December 8, 1885 ; Carrie E., born April 18, 1888. Another 
daughter, born May 20, 1879, died September 26, 1880. 



BIOGkAIMIlCAL SKETCHES N ON -GRADUATES 3^9 

Irene was graduated in 1902 from the University of Wisconsin. 

Lucille was married August 4, 1909, to Russell Jackson of 
Madison, Wis. A son, Russell Jackson, Jr., was born May 26, 
1910. Mr. Jackson was Deputy Attorney General of the State 
from 1907 to 1913, when he resigned to accept the general consul- 
ship of the Second Ward Savings Bank of Milwaukee, the largest 
and one of the oldest state banks in Wisconsin, and the general 



consulship of the Joseph Schlitz Brewing Company. Among the 
most important cases which he has presented as Deputy Attorney 
General are those involving the constitutionahty of the railroad 
rate commission law, the state banking law, the primary election 
law, the inheritance tax law, the home rule law, the public utilities 
law, the income tax law, the water powers law, and the upper 
berth law. 

Carrie was married to Edward D, Park, August 20, 1908, and 
resides in Spokane. 

Mrs. Lola M. Durley died March 25, 1907. 



33^ THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

* Brown Hopkins Emerson 

Son of Rev. Dr. Daniel Hopkins Emerson (Dartmouth College 
1830) and Lucy Ann Williams (Page), a descendant of Roger 
Williams, was born in Chester Co., Pa., August 30, 1843. He was 
prepared for college at Phillips Academy, Andover, and entered 
with '67, being a member of that class one year. In 1864 he 
served nearly six months in the army, as Quartermaster's clerk, 
in the Ninth Delaware Volunteers. In September, 1865, he joined 
'68, but left the class at the end of a month, through failure of 
health. 

After leaving college, he taught in New York City and vicinity, 
and was afterwards employed by the American Sunday School 
Union, during 1869 and 1870, in the missionary department in 
New York City. He graduated from the Union Theological 
Seminary in 1873, having been licensed to preach by the New 
York Presbytery on the 21st of April preceding. He was 
ordained September 30, of the same year, and preached at Ridge- 
bury, N. Y., for about one year. In the spring of 1875 he settled 
over the church in Litchfield, N. H. From 1878 he was for 
several years connected with the mission work of the Philadelphia 
Tract and Mission Society, and during a part of this time was also 
assistant pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, Washington 
Square. He wrote a Centennial Hymn for the Centennial of the 
Ridgebury Presbyterian Church, Orange Co., N. Y. 

He was married December 23, 1869, to Mary Knowles, in New 
York City, and had three children: Brown, born in New York 
City, July 11, 1872, died in Peekskill, N. Y., April 21, 1873; 
James Arthur, born in Ridgebury, February 23, 1874 ; Lucy Page, 
bom in Philadelphia June 13, 1882. 

Brown H. Emerson died in Philadelphia September 10, 1910. 



*Thomas Foote 

Son of Hon. Samuel Alfred Foote, LL.D., was born April 18, 
1847, in Milburn, N. J., and was prepared for college at Peekskill 
Military Academy. He was connected with the Class of '68 at 
Yale nearly two terms. After leaving Yale, he was a member of 
the Class of '68 in Beloit College for a short time. He subse- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 33 1 

quently entered Hobart College at Geneva, and graduated there 
in 1868, being valedictorian of his class. Immediately after 
graduation, he commenced the study of law and was admitted to 
the Bar in New York City, where he practiced till 1871, when, 
being broken down in health by severe labor, he was compelled 
to stop work and seek recreation and health in the West. He 
died at Geneva, December 14, 1872. 

Foote was a member of Alpha Delta Phi and Phi Beta Kappa 
at Hobart. 

*Molton Hooks Forrest 

Son of George J. Forrest, was bom January 12, 1848, in New- 
Orleans, La., and was prepared for college at the Edwards Place 
School, Stockbridge, Mass. He left the class at the close of the 
first term, continued his studies at Rutgers College, New Bruns- 
wick, N. J., and was graduated there in 1868. A year later he 
began the study of medicine at the Bellevue Hospital Medical 
College in New York City, where he received the degree of M.D. 
in 1872. After practicing his profession for a few years in New 
York City, he removed to Philadelphia. His practice was con- 
fined mostly to diseases of the eye and ear. He died in Phila- 
delphia, March 27, 1894. 

Forrest received the degree of Master of Arts from Rutgers 
in 1871. 

*Walter Tilly Foster 

Bom in Carmel, N. Y., November 27, 1840, and prepared for 
college at Phillips Academy, Andover. After spending two 
months with '67, he joined '68 and remained with the class till 
the close of the first term. 

Soon after leaving Yale, he invested a considerable amount in 
oil speculation, but was unfortunate. In February, 1867, he went 
to Central America, intending to purchase and ship to the North 
the fruits of that country. In April he entered the office of the 
Panama and Aspinwall Railroad Company as clerk, and was in 
their employ until the time of his death, July 8, 1867. A few 
days before his illness he wrote home that he would sail for 
New York July 3. On July i he was prostrated by yellow fever. 



332 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

His remains were buried in the cemetery of the Railroad Com- 
pany, and a lignum vita cross was set up to mark his last resting 
place. 

*Jackson Frick 

Son of Caleb and Rachel (Beggs) Frick. His father, a native of North 
Carolina, was the son of a soldier who served seven years in the War 
of the Revolution. The Frick family came from Switzerland about 1732, 
and settled in Pennsylvania. His mother, Rachel Beggs, of Irish descent, 
was the daughter of a Revolutionary soldier. 

Jackson Frick was born August 21, 1845, ^^ Jonesboro, 111. 
He came east in December, 1863, studied nine months under 
James Tufts of Monson, Mass., and successfully passed the 
examinations for admission to Yale in September following. In 
the spring of 1866 he was obliged to leave college on account of 
his father's illness. He studied law at the Albany Law School, 
was admitted to the Bar February 5, 1868, and practiced in 
Jonesboro. For one term he was State's Attorney at Jonesboro. 

June 16, 1869, he was married to Margaret Jane Nicholson, and 
had two sons: 

Robert Nicholson Frick, now a member of the law firm of 
Thomas, Frick & Beede, San Francisco, Cal., married to Maud 
Tufts of Los Angeles, Cal. 

Arnold Jackson Frick, a practicing physician in Los Angeles, 
married to Irene Stevens of that city. 

Jackson Frick died at Jonesboro in 1877. 

Mrs. Frick resides at 538 Harvard Boulevard, Los Angeles, Cal. 



Fayette Cook Hall 

Son of Samuel W. Hall, a merchant of Ashfield, Mass., a descendant 
in the seventh generation from Deacon John Hall, who came to this 
country from England in 1637, settled at Charleston, S. C, and came 
four years later to Barnstable, Mass. His mother was Emeline Goodwin, 
daughter of Anson and Temperance (Rogers) Goodwin. 

Fayette C. Hall was born September 23, i8.^, in Ashfield, 
Mass., and was prepared for college at Williston Seminary. He 
left the class at the close of the first term. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 333 

After leaving college, he took a course in a commercial college 
and then went west. He taught for a short time in Quincy, 111., 
and removed later to Chicago, where he has been engaged in the 
manufacture of blank books, in lithographing, and in printing. 
He was for many years a partner in the firm of H. H. Hoffman 
& Company, blank book makers. 

In May, 1873, he was married to Anna May Seamon of 
Chicago. 

Mrs. Anna S. Hall died in 1912. 



Frank Harwood Hamlin 

Son of Henry W. and Sibyll B. (Sears) Hamlin, was born in 
East Bloomfield, N. Y., March 29, 1846. He was prepared for 
college at the East Bloomfield Academy, entered Yale with the 
Class of '68, left in the first term of Freshman year, and graduated 
with '69. 

His biographical sketch is given in the '69 class book. 



Maurice Waldo Hayden 

Born Maurice Haley, May i, 1846. Perhaps on account of 
the death of his parents, he was placed when quite young in a 
children's home in Massachusetts, from which he was taken when 
about ten years of age by John Perrin, a schoolmaster and farmer 
of South Windsor, Conn. His name was changed by Mr. Perrin 
to Maurice Waldo Hayden. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Denison Talcott of Talcottville, Conn., 
became interested in him and planned to give him a good edu- 
cation. They sent him to Williston Seminary to prepare for 
college, and then to Yale, where he remained about one year. 

After leaving Yale he was, for about two years, a clerk in 
the office of Talcott Brothers, woolen manufacturers, of Talcott- 
ville. In 1868-69 he was employed in the lumber yard of G. 
Grosvenor of Lawrence, Kansas. In 1870-71 he was clerk for 
Maxwell & Barker, dry goods merchants, 100 Franklin St., New 
York. 

In 1872-73 he was time-keeper in the Missouri Pacific Rail- 
way shops at St. Louis, and boarded at 2802 Pacific Avenue. 



334 THE CLASS OP leoS, YALE COLLEGE 

The house in which he boarded has since been torn down, and 
the ground on which it stood made part of a railroad yard, 

Hayden came tack to Talcottviile for a brief visit in Septem- 
ber, 1874, upon the occasion of the illness and death of Mrs. 
Talcott. He returned to St. Louis, and when he left that city, 
soon after, he spoke of going into the cattle country of Wyoming 
and Montana. As his friends have not heard from him since 
1875, it is probable that he died in the West many years ago. 



♦Loren Leland Hicks 

Son of Elijah Warren Hicks, was born in Webster, Mass., July 
22, 1844, and was prepared for college at the Worcester High 
School. In 1862-63 he served in the army in North Carolina 
in the Fifty-first Massachusetts Infantry, and was in the actions 
at Kinston. White Hall and Goldsboro. He left '68 at the 
close of the second term, joined '69, and remained with that class 
till the end of Freshman year. 

After leaving college, he resided in Worcester, Mass. He 
taught for a time, was for some years a builder, and subsequently 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 335 

was in the grocery business. He was United States Supervisor 
of Elections in 1886, Deputy Warden in 1887, and a member of 
the Republican City Committee for 1887 and 1888. In 1889 he 
was appointed Janitor of the Belmont Street School, one of the 
largest graded schools in Worcester, with eight hundred pupils; 
this position he held for twenty-four years. 

He was married to Frances Adelaide Park, December 24, 1868, 
at Worcester, and had four children : Alice May, born February 
2, 1870, in Worcester; Agnes Childs, bom December 9, 1871, in 
Worcester; Helen Frances, born August 31, 1874, at Auburn, 
Mass. ; Grace Anna, born December 2, 1877, at Auburn. 

Alice May was married December 27, 1894, to Henry Beecher 
Ward. 

Agnes Childs was married April 7, 1892, to Fred Sumner 
Barrett, and has two children: Frances Jeanette Barrett, born 
September 23, 1897; Mildred Alice Barrett, born November 28, 
1899. 

Mrs. Hicks died March 13, 1882. Mr. Hicks was again mar- 
ried, on September 14, 1910, to Theresa Mandana Park, sister of 
his first wife. 

After an illness of two months, Loren L. Hicks died, October 
15, 1913, of inflammation of the pancreas. 



Joseph William Hobson 

Son of Joseph and Jane Jewell (Libby) Hobson. On the paternal side 
he is descended from William Hobson, who came from England and 
settled in Rowley, Mass., in the year 1750. 

Joseph W. Hobson was born in Hollis, Me., May 12, 1845, ^"^ 
was fitted for college under William Hobson, Master of the High 
School at Saco, Me. He was a member of the Class of '67 for 
one term, joined '68 at the beginning of the course, and remained 
with the class until April, 1865. 

Hobson traveled extensively in the West after leaving college, 
and from 1868 to 1870 lived in San Francisco. For the next 
fifteen years he resided mostly in Saco, being engaged in the 
lumber business and also interested in wheat farming in Dakota. 
He was Mayor of Saco in 1884. At the expiration of his term 



336 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

of office as Mayor, he went to North Dakota, seeking health for 
his wife, but after a few months' residence, returned to Maine. 
In 1887 he removed to California, in which state he has resided 
till the present time. For many years he was engaged in fruit 
farming in Santa Clara Valley. Since 1904 he has made his 
home in San Francisco, and was there during the great catas- 
trophe of April, 1906. 



He is a member of the California Academy of Sciences, and has 
been its recording secretary for the past twelve years. 

April 30, 1867, he was married to Celia Hixon, who died in 
San Francisco March 19, 1898. On June 27, 1906, he was mar- 
ried in San Francisco, to Caroline B. Cheever, of that city. 

He is at present engaged in the real estate business. 



♦Francis Hunt Holmes 

Son of Hiram Holmes, was born January 12, 1S39, in Williams- 
burg, Mass., and was prepared for college at Williston Seminary. 
He was a member of the Class of "62 during its Freshman and 
Sophomore years. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 337 

October ii, 1862, he enlisted in the Fifty-second Massachusetts 
Infantry, was made Corporal, and was one of the Color Guard. 
He was mustered out August 14, 1863, reenlisted as a private in 
the Second Massachusetts Cavalry in February, 1865, and was 
mustered out in August of the same year. 

Before entering our class, he taught in Geneva, N. Y., and 
in North Adams and Conway, Mass. He joined '68 in Sep- 
tember, 1866, had Phi Beta Kappa rank on the Junior Appoint- 
ment List, but left the class about six weeks before graduation. 

After leaving college he was employed mostly as private tutor 
or in private schools in Philadelphia. For one year he was in 
the editorial department of the Philadelphia Press, 

Holmes was married November 26, 1871, to Carrie B. Pilling 
of Philadelphia. 

He died May 26, 1882, and was buried in the cemetery at 
Williamsburg, Mass. 



John Robb Hohnes 

Son of Robert and Charlotte (Powell) Holmes. His father's ancestors 
came from the north of Ireland, and his mother's from Scotland. 

John R. Holmes was born in St. Louis, Mo., June 18, 1845, 
and was prepared for college at the City University of St. Louis. 
When he left the class at the end of Sophomore year, he was 
already one of the most prominent boating men in '68, having 
rowed on the Varuna crew in the fall races of 1865 and in the 
University shell in the Harbor Races. 

Returning to St. Louis, he engaged in mercantile pursuits, and 
by close attention to work and good judgment became one of 
the substantial business men of the city. Later for about twenty 
years he was engaged in zinc mining. 

Soon after 1894 he removed to Joplin, Mo. In the year 1900 
he was nominated for Congress by the Republicans of the 15th 
Missouri Congressional District, but was not elected. In 1908 
he was chosen by the State Convention one of the four Delegates 
at Large to the Republican National Convention. 

22 



338 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

In 1913 he went to the Pacific Coast, and is now in business 
in Southern California with residence in Pasadena. 

In a letter to the Secretary, dated June 7, 1895, he wrote: "I 
am as devoted to Yale as ever, and have always regretted my 
inability to attend any of our class reunions, but my heart has 
always been with you." 

He was married September 28, 1873, to Miss Potwin, at Zanes- 
ville, Ohio, and has two sons : Robert Potwin, bom July 21, 1875, 



and John Robb, Jr.. born July 5, 1877. both at Zanesville. His 
son Robert is married, and is in business in Los Angeles. His 
son John for the past eleven years has been an invalid, living 
with his mother in Pasadena. 



Edward Montague Hotchkiss 

Son of Cliarles Renham and Elizabeth E. Hotchkiss. was bom 
March 20, 1847, in Naiigatuck, Conn., and was prepared for 
college at the Collegiate Institute, Matawan, N. J. He left the 
class in i860, and has since been engaged in business. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 339 

He was for two years with Newell Brothers, button manu- 
facturers, in Springfield, Mass. In 1868 he became Treasurer 
of the Tomlinson Spring Company, Newark, N. J., holding this 
position till he retired from business in 1903. 

Since 191 1 he has been connected with the Department of 
Labor, State of New Jersey, with headquarters at Newark. 

On September 21, 1882, he was married to Emma Louise 
Canfield of Newark, and now resides at 189 Qinton Avenue in 
that city. 

*Henry Marshall Howe 

Son of Hon. Thomas M. Howe, born in Pittsburgh, Pa., May 
10, 1846, and prepared for college at Western University in 
that city. He left the class in April, 1866, on account of ill 
health. 

The winter of 1866-67 ^^ spent in Europe, with a brother and 
sister, seeking the restoration of his health. After his return, 
illness prevented his engaging in any business or returning to 
college, but he undertook a systematic course of reading, which 
he kept up as long as his strength allowed. The two following 
winters he passed in Florida, hoping for some benefit from 
change of climate, but he gradually grew worse and died at noon 
on the first day of January, 1870. 



Chauncy Alonzo Jacobs 

Son of Dr. Horace Jacobs, was born in Springfield, Mass., 
November i, 1843, and was prepared for college by Josiah Clark, 
at Northampton, Mass. He joined the class in January, 1865, 
and left it in March following. 

After leaving college he studied medicine, in part with his 
father at Springfield, and engaged in practice for a time in that 
city, but soon went into business. For many years he has been 
at the head of the firm of Jacobs, Whitcomb & Co., fancy goods, 
92 Federal Street, Boston. 

Dr. Chauncy Alonzo Jacobs resides at 92 Columbia Street, 
Brookline, Mass. 



THE CLASS OF iSoo, YALE COLLEGE 



♦William Bard Capron Jennings 

Son of John Freeman and Ellen C. Jennings, was bom in 
Rhinebeck, N, Y., September 17, 1846, and was prepared for 
college by William McGeorge of Poughkeepsie, N, Y, He was 
a member of '67 till the close of the first term of Sophomore 
year. He entered the Class of '68 in May, 1865, and was with 
the class till July, 1868, but did not receive his degree. 

After leaving college he was employed as a clerk in Detroit, 
and subsequently in New York City. He died of apoplexy at 
his mother's home in Detroit, April 5, 1881. 



♦Miller Ketchum 

Son of Morris and Margaret (Miller) Ketchum. His father was a 
banker, of New York City; his mother was daughter of Judge Sylvatius 
Miller of Long Island. 

Miller Ketchum was born in Westport, Conn., April 14, 1846, 
and was prepared for college at the Edwards Place School, 
Stockbridge, Mass. He left the class during Freshman year. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 34 ^ 

and was a banker and broker for several years in Savannah, Ga., 
and later in New York City. He was also especially interested 
in farming. 

In 1868 he was married to Miss Mary W. Coffin of New York 
City, and had two children: George Ketchum, now in business 
in New York City, at 35 Nassau Street; and Elizabeth C. 
Ketchum, now Mrs. J. Tufton Mason. 

Miller Ketchum died June 21, 1892, at Westport. 

*William Bergh Kip 

Son of Henry James and Sarah Ann (Bergh) Kip, and direct descend- 
ant in the eighth generation of Hendrick Kip who came from Holland 
to New Amsterdam about 1650. The family name is still preserved locally 
in "Kip's Bay," which is a part of the East River washing Man- 
hattan Island. In this locality are still found a Kip's Bay Brewery, a 
Kip's Bay Iron Works, a Kip's Bay Day Nursery, a Kip's Bay Market, a 
Kip's Bay Realty Company. 

William B. Kip was bom in Rhinebeck, N. Y., October 15, 
1846, and was prepared for college at the Peekskill Academy. 
He left the class in December, 1864, and was graduated at the 
Albany Law School in 1867. He practiced law for a short time, 
but soon gave it up and spent much time improving his estate at 
Rhinebeck on the Hudson, an ancestral home of the Kip family 
since 1686, the Indian deed of which is still in the possession of 
his descendants. He was Vice-President of the Rhinebeck Sav- 
ings Bank, Supervisor of the village, and interested generally in 
local politics. 

December 21, 1 871, he was married in New York City to Sarah 
Ann Spies, daughter of Adam W. Spies, a New York merchant, 
and had four children: Florence Adele, bom November 11, 1872; 
Henry Spies, born June 29, 1874; William Ruloff, born March 
18, 1876; Garrett Bergh, bom December 7, 1877. 

Florence Adele was married to Arthur C. Humbert, and died 
in October, 1895. 

Henry Spies was graduated from Yale College with the Class of 
'96 and from the New York Law School in 1901. He is a member 
of the New York Stock Exchange, and is at present a member 
of the banking house of Butler, Herrick & Kip, 7 Wall Street. 
During the Spanish-American War he served as First Lieutenant 



342 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

and Battalion Adjutant of the Ninth New York Volunteers. 
October 25, 1902, he was married to Frances Coster Jones, and 
has one son, William Bergh Kip, 2d, born February 11, 1905. 

William Ruloff entered the Sheffield Scientific School in 1894, 
but left in Freshman year to take up painting and art in New 
York and Paris. He is now interested in aviation and airships. 
On January 21, 1914, he was married in New York City to 
Mildred Frothingham Corwin, daughter of George Homan Cor- 
win of Greenport, L. I. 

Garrett Bergh was graduated from Yale College in the Class 
of 1901, studied law, and entered the stock brokerage business. 
He is now Treasurer of the Herrick Engine Company, 74 Broad- 
way, New York City. April 25, 1903, he was married to Carola 
de Peyster, and has one daughter, Carola de Peyster Kip, born 
April 26, 1904. 

William Bergh Kip, who was never a very strong man, died 
of heart failure, August 16, 1888, and was buried in the family 
plot in the Rhinebeck cemetery. Mrs. Kip was again married to 
John Blake Baker of New York City. She died July 8, 1910. 

*Moses Hamilton Kittredge 

Son of Moses and Caroline (Lord) Kittredge, was bom in St. 
Johnsbury, Vt., January 30, 1846, and was prepared for college at 
Phillips Academy, Andover. He left the Class of '(^rj^ Amherst 
College, and entered the Class of '68 at Yale in January, 1865, 
remaining with it one term. 

After leaving Yale, he was employed for about two years in a 
wholesale boot and shoe store in New York City. In 1867 he 
went to Michigan as an agent for the firm, and in 1871 established 
a shoe store at Bay City, Mich., in connection with an older 
brother. 

He died, June 21, 1903, in New York City. 

John LiUie 

Son of Mrs. Elizabeth E. Lillie, was born December 11, 1845, 
in Lebanon, Ohio, and was prepared for college at Phillips Acad- 
emy, Andover. He left the class in July, 1865, and was a member 
of '69 two terms. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 343 

After leaving college, he traveled in Europe and in the Southern 
States. In 1875 he was assistant editor of the Galaxy, and 
editor in charge of the American Builder, a monthly magazine 
devoted to architecture and ship-building. He was also for some 
years London editor of Harper^s Magazine. In 1913 he had 
lived thirty-seven years in London, England, and at that time his 
residence was Ivy Hall, Petersham Road, Richmond, Surrey. 



*James Sherman Loomis 

Son of James Chaffee Loomis, was born in Bridgeport, Conn., 
May 8, 1846, and was prepared for college at the Hartford High 
School. 

No event in our course made a deeper impression on the class 
than the death of Loomis in our Senior year. He was taken ill 
in the lecture room October 7. His illness proved to be typhoid 
fever, from which he died Tuesday, October 22. He was buried 
in the cemetery in Bridgeport. The whole class attended his 
funeral, and no one of us will ever forget the afternoon when, 
just as the sun was sinking in the west, we stood around his open 
grave and left him to sleep his last sleep. 



*William Lyman Mason 

Son of Timothy B. and Abigail (Hall) Mason. His father was born 
in 1801 at Medfield, Mass., where all his paternal ancestors were born 
as far back as Thomas Mason, one of the founders of Medfield in 1650. 
This Thomas was son of Robert Mason« who came to Dedham, Mass., 
with one of John Winthrop's companies in 1630. The father of our 
classmate was a brother of Dr. Lowell Mason, "the father of church 
music," and collaborated with him in arranging and publishing several 
books of church music. 

William L. Mason was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, January 21, 
1847, and was prepared for college at Phillips Academy, Andover. 
He left the Class of '68 during the last term of Sophomore 
year and returned to Cincinnati, where he was employed as 
cashier in the dry goods house of L. C. Hopkins & Company for 
five years. In 1873 he removed to Chicago and was connected 



344 THE CLASS OF lOOO, YALE COLLEGE 

with the house of John D. Gardiner & Company and their suc- 
cessors for seventeen years. In 1891 he went to Milwaukee, 
Wis., and took a position as Auditor and Comptroller of the 
Villard Syndicate, which owned and operated the electric railway 
and lighting system of that city. He remained with this com- 
pany till January, 1898, when he resigned the position and went 
to Washington, where he accepted a government position in the 
office of the Auditor of the War Department, which he retained 
until his death, October 12, 1909. 



Mason was a member of the District of Columbia Society of 
Sons of the American Revolution and of the New York City 
Society of the Order of Founders and Patriots of America, and 
for a time was genealogist of the Society of Colonial Wars in 
the State of Wisconsin. He was an active member of the Apollo 
Musical Club of Chicago for many years, and wrote songs, both 
words and music. His last piece, "A Song in the Night," has 
been especially commended. In 1891 he published a genealogical 
work entitled "A Record of the Descendants of Robert Mason 
of Roxbury, Massachusetts." 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 345 

June 5, 1878, he was married to Puella Follett Hall of Cin- 
cinnati, daughter of Rev. Leverett and Sarah (Lord) Hall. 

One who knew him best of all has said of him: "His motto 
was love of God and his fellow-men. No one ever asked him for 
help who did not receive all that he could afford to give. He 
was charitable with his means, his words, and his thought." 



*William King Miller 

Son of Hon. Josiah T. Miller, was born in Seneca Falls, N. Y., 
September i6, 1848, and was prepared for college at the Hudson 
River Institute, Claverack, N. Y. 

Miller left the class at the close of the first term of Sophomore 
year, and afterward entered Hobart College, from which he 
graduated in 1869. He studied law and located in Omaha, Neb., 
where he died December 20, 1884. 

Miller was a member of Phi Beta Kappa at Hobart. 



*Claiborne Hooper Phillips 

Son of William Phillips, was born in Nashville, Tenn., July 11, 
1847, and was prepared for college by A. B. Hoge of that city. 
He was a member of the class one year. 

After leaving Yale, he returned to Nashville and engaged in 
business, becoming a member of the firm of Phillips, Jackson & 
Company, the largest wholesale grocery house in the state. He 
was elected Mayor of Nashville and served one term, but declined 
a renomination. In the fall of 1886 he went with a party of 
friends on a hunting trip to Dakota, and while there was acci- 
dentally killed. 

He was married to Mary Gentry, in Edgefield, Tenn., July 8, 
1869, and had a son, William Walter Phillips, born May 8, 1870. 



THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 



George White Potter 

Son of Peter White and Almeda (Underwood) Poller. Peter White 
Potter, a son of Jeremiah Potter, a sea captain of Providence, R. !., went 
west in 1845 and at the time of his dealh was counted among the most 
important citiicns of the city of Keokuk. Iowa. In the early years of the 
State of Iowa, numerous industrious Hollanders emigrated to Iowa. 
landing at Keokuk with their baggage on the river boats. Many located 
at Pella and other points. Being unacquainted with the vernacular of this 
country, they found a most valuable friend in Mr. Potter, who spoke 
Holland Dutch fluently, having learned it in his youth. Becoming their 
interpreter, he rendered them valuable aid in securing homes in Iowa. 

Mrs. Peter White Poller was daughter of .\rtch Underwood, Her 
home in Keokuk was full of historic memories. Professor Thacher of 
Yale had a brother who was pastor of the Keokuk church. It was a 
letter of membership from his church that George White Potter carried 
with him when he left home for Yale, 

George W. Potter was born July 26, 1843, '" Norwich, Cbc- 
nango County, N. Y., and was prepared for college at the 
Hopkins Grammar School. He left the class at the close of 
Freshman year. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 347 

For the first ten years after leaving Yale, George White Potter 
resided in New York City, where he was engaged as custom house 
clerk for a large importing house. He then went west to Iowa 
in poor health, but recovered in about a year sufficiently to take 
a position as manager of a paper in Fort Madison, Iowa. 
Removing to Burlington, he was on the Daily Hawkeye for 
about thirteen years and later on the Gazette. Recently he has 
been doing some work also for a real estate and insurance office 
in Burlington. 

In a recent letter he expresses what we all feel : 

"I am saddened greatly as I read of the passing of Berry and Trimble, 
and as I look upon their youthful faces in the photograph of my class 
at the Hopkins Grammar School, it casts a deep shade of sadness over 
the otherwise delightful dream of the past. I have found great satis- 
faction in the study of Browning in my leisure moments during the last 
sixteen years. He helps us to look into the beyond which will come to 
us all." 

George White Potter was married in 1877 to Sadie E. Havens 
of Highland Falls, N. Y., daughter of David Highland Havens, 
one of the early steamboat captains on the Hudson. Their only 
child, a little girl, died many years ago. Mrs. George W. 
Potter's mother was Nancy Buckingham, daughter of John Buck- 
ingham, a relative of Governor Buckingham of Connecticut. 



♦Robert Livingston Reade 

Son of Robert Reade, was born September 5, 1846, in Auburn, 
N. Y., and was prepared for college by Rev. B. W. Dwight of 
New York City. He left '68 in April, 1866, and was graduated 
with the Class of '69. 

His biographical sketch is given in the '69 class book. 



* Isaac Gardner Reed 

Son of Isaac Reed, was born in Acton, Mass., July 31, 1846, 
and was prepared for college at Phillips Academy, Andover. He 
left the class in December, 1865, and was afterwards connected 
with '69 one term. 



348 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Reed studied law with Messrs. Ranney & Morse, and practiced 
in Boston for ten years, making his home at West Acton. In 
1880 he moved west, where he continued his law practice till a 
short time before his death. 

In December, 1868, he was married to Jennie M. Broatch in 
Middletown, Conn., and had three children: Robert Gardner, 
born May 17, 1869; Arthur Livingston, born January 5, 1873; 
Mabel Atherton, born February 27, 1874. 

Isaac Gardner Reed died in West Acton, July 10, 1900, at the 
home of his son Robert. 



*John Connelly Reeves 

Son of Willis Long and Caroline (Wilson) Reeves. His father was a 
farmer, and was for a number of years Clerk of the Circuit and County 
Courts of Todd County, Kentucky. 

John C. Reeves was born in Elkton, Ky., April 8, 1846, and 
was prepared for college at Elkton Academy. He left the class 
before the close of the first term. 

After leaving college he applied himself to the study of law, 
and was licensed to practice in Elkton, his native town. He was 
considered a more showy and brilliant man than his brother, 
Willis L. Reeves of the Class of '65 in Yale. He was a member 
of a leading firm of lawyers in Elkton, while his brother Willis 
(afterward Judge Reeves) was a member of another firm, and 
they were frequently opposed in litigation. Reeves was above 
six feet tall, aggressive, self-confident, and popular, and at the 
time of his death was already regarded as an able and accom- 
plished lawyer. 

An attack of typhoid fever in the spring of 1868 prostrated 
him to such an extent that he never fully recovered. He died 
August 16, 1868. 



*James Thomas Rizer 

Son of Edward Richard and Mary Barclay (Harrison) Rizer, 
was born February 19, 1846, in Franklin, Ky. He was the eldest 
of twelve children, eleven of whom lived to be more than thirty 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 349 

years old. Rizer and a brother who died in infancy were the only 
boys in the family. He was prepared for college by James S. 
Fall of Russellville, and was a member of the class during Fresh- 
man year. 

After graduating in medicine from Bellevue Hospital Medical 
College in New York City in 1868, Dr. Rizer located in Boone- 
ville, Mo., where he practiced for something over two years ; but 
owing to the ill-health of his father, he returned to Russellville to 
assist in the management of a shoe business which his father 
conducted at that time. Subsequently he was employed by a 
large jobbing shoe house of Cincinnati as a traveling salesman, 
and remained with them until his death, November 17, 1875. He 
was eminently successful in this undertaking, and at the time of 
his death he was receiving a very large salary for one with his 
experience. 

Rizer was a man with strong Southern sympathies during the 
Civil War, and in the exciting days following the assassination 
of Lincoln he was at times not quite as temperate in speech as 
prudence demanded; but all admired him for his courage, and 
his withdrawal from the class caused universal regret. 

He was married to Susan T. Mayo, of Chillicothe, Ohio, 
September i, 1869. Four children were born of this union: 
John Mayo, June 29, 1870; James T., Jr., September 25, 1871 ; 
Edwin R., November 28, 1873; Mary E., October 30, 1875. 
James T. died when only about one year old. John Mayo lives in 
Columbus, Ohio; Edwin R., in New York City; and Mary E., 
who married a Mr. Murphy, lives in Coming, Ohio. 



Howell Williams Robert 

Son of Christopher Rhinelander Robert, was born in New York 
City, December 15, 1844, and was prepared for college at Phillips 
Academy, Andover. 

He left the class at the end of the first term of Junior year, 
and graduated with '69. 

His biography is given in the '69 class book. 



35° THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Frederick William Russell 

Son of Major Ira and Roannah (Greenwood) Russell, was 
born January 29, 1845, in Winchendon, Mass., and was prepared 
for college at the Natick High School. He left the class at the 
close of Sophomore year, and was graduated with the Class of 
'69 at Harvard. 

After teaching a few months at Winchendon, he commenced 
the study of medicine at the Medical Department of the Uni- 
versity of New York, from which he received the degree of M.D. 
in 1870, and at once began practice at Winchendon, being asso- 
ciated with his father. For many years he was Assistant Super- 
intendent of the Highland Family Home, for the treatment of 
nervous and mental diseases, of which for about twenty-five 
years he was the sole owner. He also served the town of 
Winchendon as Chairman of the Board of Health and as Presi- 
dent of the Board of Water Commissioners, and was President 
of the Cooperative Bank and of the Electric Light and Power 
Company. 

He has been a member of the Massachusetts Medical Society, 
of the Boston Society of Neurology, and of the Society of Medical 
Superintendents of Insane Hospitals. 

Dr. Russell removed from Winchendon to Dallas, Texas, in 
1910, to make his home with his daughter, Mrs. Hall. 

June II, 1872, he was married, at Lancaster, Mass., to Caroline 
Emily, daughter of Rev. Abijah P. and Caroline H. Marvin. 
Children: Rowena Mary, bom February 6, 1881 ; Dorothea 
Marvin, born June 9, 1884, died December 9, 1889; Walter 
Marvin,, born April 12, 1887. 

Rowena Mary studied at Mt. Holyoke College in 1898-99; 
married Dr. F. J. Hall of Dallas, Texas, August 28, 1901. Chil- 
dren: William Russell, bom August 11, 1903; Franklin Marvin, 
born May 26, 1905; Richard Walter, born December 18, 1906. 



*Edv^^in Dodge Ryan 

Son of John W. Ryan, was born in Erie, Pa., May 6, 1846, and 
was prepared for college at the Erie Academy. He died at his 
home in Erie, September 6, 1865. Though with us only one year. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 351 

we remember him as a pleasant companion and a man whose 
character was beyond reproach. 



William Russell Scarritt 

Son of Russell Scarritt, was bom July 14, 1846, at Alton, 111., 
and was prepared for college at the City University, St. Louis. 
He left the class in December, 1865, entered Amherst, and gradu- 
ated with the Class of '69. Soon after he entered the Union 
Theological Seminary, New York City, where he completed the 
course of study in 1872. 

He was ordained in 1877, and has since been actively engaged 
in the ministry. From 1885 to 1894 he was pastor of the Con- 
gregational Church at Marshalltown, Iowa, of the Union (Inde- 
pendent) Church at Longwood, 111., and of the Presbyterian 
Church at Morgan Park, 111. After three years of literary work, 
he entered the Episcopal Church, and became Assistant Minister 
of St. George's Church at St. Louis, Mo. In 1904 he went to 
Cambridge, Mass., where he was engaged in literary work for 
three years, when he became Rector of Trinity Church, Bridge- 
water, Mass. In 1908 he became Rector of St. Stephen's 
Parish in Millidgeville, Ga. 

In 1880 he received the honorary degree of D.D. from Lane 
University. 

*Joseph Henry Sears 

Son of David and Jane (Warren) Sears, was born at Plymouth, 
Mass., October i, 1836, and was prepared for college at Phillips 
Academy, Andover. Before entering college he served in Co. G 
of the Sixth Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry in Virginia. He 
left the class at the close of Freshman year. 

For four years he was Superintendent of Education for Dallas 
County, AJa., residing at Selma. Later he was traveling sales- 
man for farm machinery for a St. Louis firm, his territory being 
in the State of Texas. On October 4, 1905, he was admitted to 
the Soldiers' Home in Chelsea, from which he was discharged 
April 8, 1913, and went to the Mountain Branch of the National 
Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers at Johnson City, Tenn. 



35^ THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

On June 12, 1914, he was re-admitted to the Soldiers' Home 
at Chelsea. He died at Chelsea July 28, 19 14, and was buried 
in Vine Hill Cemetery, at Plymouth. 

Sears was married in April, 1871, in Ocala, Fla., to Emily 
C. Stowe of New Haven. 



George Baldwin Selden 

Son of Judge Henry R. Selden, was bom September 14, 1846, 
in Clarkson, N. Y., and came to Yale in July, 1865, from the 
University of Rochester. He left the class at the close of Junior 
year to visit Europe. After his return he spent a few months 
at the Sheffield Scientific School, and then commenced the study 
of law at Rochester, in the office of his father. He was admitted 
to the Bar at Rochester in November, 1871, and has been a suc- 
cessful lawyer, his specialty being patent law. 

When a small boy he became interested in road locomotion. 
As early as 1872 he was considering steam as a means to this end, 
but rejected it. From his research he learned of the attempt of 
Lenoir and others to build vehicles using compressed gas and 
heavy non-compression engines. He also saw the work of Bray- 
ton, who failed to drive a street-car but succeeded in operating 
motor boats with his engine, using kerosene oil as fuel. Clearly 
more power and less weight were needed. Acting on these ideas, 
he started work on a six-cylinder engine of the two-cycle type, 
doing away with the heavy construction of the others and running 
at a speed never before attempted. Although too poor to build 
a vehicle, his experiments showed that he had succeeded. By an 
important modification of Brayton's engine, he got higher pres- 
sure in his cylinders. 

May 8, 1879, he applied for a patent, covering all the essential 
features in the modem automobile. His work had shown him 
what he needed. 

November 5, 1895, the patent was issued. Being not only a 
gifted inventor, but a very able attorney as well, and conducting 
his own application, the issue of the patent was timed so that 
when the patent was issued, the world had grown up to an appre- 
ciation of its need for it, principally through development of the 
art in Europe. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 353 

The suit which followed to establish the validity of this patent 
will stand forever as one of the most noted in all the history of 
patent Jurisprudence. Judge Hough, who tried it, decided in 
Selden's favor. The decision which he rendered was a clear 
exposition of the entire case from the first, and placed Selden 
among the great inventors of the world's history. This decision 
was reviewed by the United States Court of Appeals. While by 
this decision credit was still given to Selden as the original 



inventoi' of the automobile. Judge Hough was overruled in the 
matter of infringement of the particular feature over which the 
case was contested. A very large element of the legal profession 
versed in patent jurisprudence still accept the decision of Judge 
Hough as more correctly analyzing the facts of a very compli- 
cated case and from them basing a finding which ought in strict 
justice to have been sustained. It is certainly true that the name 
of Selden was for years better known than any other in the 
automobile industry. Will not history accord him the credit of 
inventing the automobile as fully as it accords to Hudson the 
invention of the steamboat ? 



354 THE CLASS OF 1 868, YALE COLLEGE 

On December 14, 1871, he was married to Clara D. Woodruff 
of Brooklyn, N. Y. He has four children: Henry R. Selden, 
named from his distinguished grandfather; George Baldwin 
Selden, Jr. ; Sayre S. Selden ; and Louise Selden, who is the wife 
of Charles Carey. 



Myron Charles Simkins 

Son of Aaron Simkins of Algansee, Mich., and brother of Rev. William 
H. Simkins of Freemont, Ind. 

Myron C. Simkins was born March 14, 1846, in Algansee, and 
was prepared for college at the Hudson River Institute, Claverack, 
N. Y. He left the class at the close of the first term of Sopho- 
more year. 

After leaving Yale, he taught for some years in Coldwater, 
Mich., and was much in advance of the times in his theories of 
education. He introduced new methods, sought to interest his 
pupils in their studies, and organized among them a literary 
union. Later he was agent for the Mutual Life Insurance Com- 
pany of New York, with headquarters at Omaha, Neb. In 1897 
he published *'Betsy Gaskins,** under the nom dc plume of 
W. I. Hood. 

He is married and has been for several years a resident of 
Los Angeles, Cal. 



*George King Sistare 

His father, George King Sistare, bom in New London, Conn., July 9, 
1809, was a descendant from Gabriel Sistare, an admiral in the Spanish 
Navy, who settled in New London about 1682. His mother was Sarah 
Vreeland (Cole) Sistare of New York City, a descendant of the Wester- 
velts who had come from Holland with a patent from the Dutch King to 
ten thousand acres of land in New Jersey, directly opposite New York 
City. 

George K. Sistare was born in New York City, November 5, 
1845, and was prepared for college at Phillips Academy, Andover. 
He was with '67 for a short time, and was a member of the Class 
of '68 till April, 1865. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 355 

Upon leaving college, he entered the banking house of his 
father, which had been established in 1820. After his father's 
death in 1880, he continued the business with his brother, William 
H. Sistare, and others, as G. K. Sistare's Sons. This was the 
leading firm in the country in handling New York City bonds. 
When a New York bond sale offered the opportunity, the Sistare 
firm usually outbid all competitors and took the entire issue. It 
became interested also in the reorganizing of small railroads. 
The firm had branch offices in Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washing- 
ton, and Detroit. In 1890 the discovery of a very large defalca- 
tion and embezzlement in the Philadelphia office compelled the 
firm to announce suspension, and the demands of its creditors 
were such that it could not recover, and the firm went down. 

George K. Sistare withdrew from the firm in 1886, when it was 
at the height of its prosperity. He went to Newburgh, N. Y., 
where he continued to reside as a country gentleman, living a 
rather uneventful life, interesting himself in stockbreeding and 
horticulture. 

October 18, 1877, he was married, at Trinity Church, Easton, 
Pa., by the Rev. Joseph J. Elsegood, Rector of Trinity Church, 
East New York, to Mary W. Clemens, daughter of the late Dr. J. 
Breckenridge Clemens, of Easton. 

Mrs. Mary Clemens Sistare died at Easton, April 10, 1880, and 
is buried in Easton. 

George K. Sistare died in New York City, July 28, 1892. 
His body was cremated at Troy, N. Y., and the ashes taken to 
Easton and buried by the side of his wife. 



*John Hampden Thomas 

Son of Rev. Dr. Thomas E. Thomas (Miami University 1834), Presi- 
dent of Hanover College 1849-54, and Professor in Lane Theological 
Seminary at Cincinnati 1871-75. His grandfather, Rev. Thomas Thomas, 
of Welsh descent, who was graduated from Hoxton Academy, Lon- 
don, and ordained an Independent minister in Chelmsford, England, 
emigrated in 1818 to Cincinnati, Ohio, and labored as pastor and mis- 
sionary, till his death at Venice, Ohio, in 1831. 

John H. Thomas was born in Hamilton, Butler Co., Ohio, May 
5, 1848, and was prepared for college by his father at home. At 



356 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Yale he showed ability in writing and speaking, and was awarded 
a third prize in the Brothers Freshman Prize Debate. At the 
end of Freshman year he left college and engaged in the book 
business at Dayton, Ohio, until 1884. 

Both his father and his grandfather were Presbyterian min- 
isters, and he always had a strong desire to preach the gospel. 
While engaged in business he found time to read extensively, and 
gained a thorough acquaintance with church history and govern- 



ment. He kept up his Greek and Latin, and studied Hebrew 
under the direction of Professor Harper of Yale, and September 
25, 1884, was licensed to preach by the Presbytery of Dayton. 

June 3, 1885, he was ordained by the Presbytery of Whitewater, 
Ind., and installed over the Presbyterian Church in Lawrence- 
burg, the church with which Rev. Henry Ward Beecher began 
his ministry. He removed in February, 1888, to Marion, Grant 
Co., Ind., where he remained eight years in charge of a rapidly 
growing church, which gave him abundance of work. In 1897 
he went to Oxford, Ohio, and accepted the chair of Lecturer on 
the History of Christianity in the Western College for Women. 
During the year 1900-01 he was at the head of Oxford College 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 357 

for Women, also at Oxford. From 1901 to 1903 he lectured at 
schools and Chautauquas, on the History of Christianity, always 
a favorite subject with him. In the fall of 1903 he accepted the 
pastorate of the Presbyterian Church in Langdon, North Dakota. 
It was here, and while actively engaged in this pastorate, that he 
died, on January 18, 1904, of pneumonia contracted as a result 
of a long, cold drive after an evening preaching service in a small 
town at some distance from Langdon. 

In 1888 Hanover College conferred on him the degree of M.A., 
and in 1901 Miami University honored him with the degree of 
D.D. He wrote occasionally for the press. An article from his 
pen, entitled "The Characteristics of Hebrew Poetry," appeared 
in The Presbyterian Quarterly for August, 1888. 

He was married to Linda S. Rogers, at Dayton, January 17, 
1878, and had five children, two of whom, a son and a daughter, 
died in infancy. Those living are: Elizabeth Rogers, bom in 
Dayton, December 22, 1878; Mary May, born in Dayton, April 
23, 1880; Isabel Carr, born in Lawrenceburg, April 20, 1886. 

Elizabeth was married, October 23, 1906, to C. Harrington 
Davis of Newark, Ohio. 

Mary May was married, March 10, 1910, to Horace Pease 
Phillips (son of Horace Phillips, Yale '68), who was graduated 
from the University of California with the degree of B.S. in 1903, 
and now resides in Reno, Nev. 

Isabel Carr was married, June 28, 1910, to Allen Perry Lovejoy 
(Yale College 1904) of Janesville, Wis. 

Mrs. John H. Thomas resides at 205 North Eleventh Street, 
Newark, Ohio. 



*Henry Saunders Timnierman 

Son of Benjamin Timmerman, was bom in Buffalo, N. Y., 
September 22, 1843, and resided there until his death. At the 
commencement of the Civil War he offered his services to the 
Government, but was not accepted on account of physical dis- 
ability. In June, 1863, he volunteered in the Seventy-fourth New 
York National Guards, a Buffalo regiment ordered into the 
service for one hundred days. With this regiment he was in 
Pennsylvania during Lee's invasion and the battle of Gettysburg, 



358 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

and narrowly escaped capture by the Confederates in the first 
part of the raid. After Lee's retreat, the regiment was ordered to 
the city of New York to assist in quelling the riots of that year. 

Timmerman returned home, resumed his studies, and entered 
college in 1864, completing his Freshman year. The Monday 
after his return to New Haven at the beginning of Sophomore 
year, he had occasion to visit New York and return by the night 
boat. He took a severe cold, which developed into typhoid fever, 
from which he died October 28, 1865. 

Timmerman was one of the marked men of the class. His 
scholarly training was thorough, and despite the many attractions 
of student life, which he enjoyed so well, his name stood high 
on the lists of the faculty. He was distinguished as a writer 
and speaker. No one of us entered more heartily into the varied 
pursuits of true college life, and few gave greater promise of 
excellence. 

*George Whittlesey Tyler 

Son of Rev. Edward Royal and Sarah Ann Tyler, was born 
in New Haven, Conn., November 2, 1847, and was prepared for 
college at the New Haven High School. 

He left the class during the first term; was appointed from 
Louisiana to the United States Naval Academy October 3, 1864, 
from which he was graduated June 10, 1868, ranking thirty-sixth 
in a class of eighty-one members. Among his classmates at the 
Naval Academy were Colonel R. M. Thompson of New York, 
Commanders Raymond Perry Rodgers, Seaton Schroeder, W. J. 
Barnette, Richard Wainwright, John M. Hawley, and Frederick 
Singer. 

Tyler remained in the United States Navy till his death, rising 
to the rank of Lieutenant. He served on the Asiatic Station, 
1868-70: on signal duty at Washington, 1870; on Guerrierc, 
European Station, 1870-72; Coast Survey, 1873-75; Franklin, 
1876-77; Colorado, 1877-78; Plymouth, North Atlantic, 1878; 
Naval Academy, 1878-81 ; Tennessee, flagship, North Atlantic, 
1881-84; Naval Academy, 1884-88; Mohican, North Pacific. 
1888-91 ; Library and Naval War Records, 1892-96. 

He died in Washington, February 17, 1898, leaving a widow 
and one daughter. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 359 

George Martin Upshur 

Son of Dr. George Martin and Priscilla (Townsend) Upshur. His 
mother was daughter of Levin Townsend of Snow Hill, Md. A dis- 
tinguished relative of his was Abel P. Upshur, Secretary of State in the 
Cabinet of President John Tyler. Among his ancestors was Sir George 
Yeardley, Governor of Virginia, in 1620, when the capital was at James- 
town, and who organized the first legislative body that ever met on the 
North American Continent; another was John Custis, of Northampton 
(then Accomac) County, Va., the lineal ancestor of John Custis (the 
fifth of that name) who was the first husband of Martha Washington, 
and whose granddaughter married Gen. Robert E. Lee. 

The Upshurs first settled in Virginia about 1638. The first immigrant 
was Arthur Upshur, who came from the County of Essex, England. He 
was the father of Arthur, who was the father of Abel, who was the 
father of John, who was the father of James, who was the father of 
George Martin, who was the father of the subject of this sketch, all 
of whom except the first and the last named were born in Virginia. 

George M. Upshur was born in Snow Hill, Md., December 
14, 1847, and was prepared for college at Union Academy in 
that place. He entered Yale with the Freshman Class, but left 
in December, 1866, and returned to Snow Hill. There he studied 
law in the office of Hon. E. K. Wilson, who was afterwards 
United States Senator from Maryland. He was admitted to the 
Bar in 1869 ^" Snow Hill, where he successfully engaged in the 
practice of law, and became senior member of the firm of Upshur 
& Purnell. 

In January, 1874, he was appointed Secretary, Treasurer and 
Examiner (ex officio Superintendent) of the public schools of 
Worcester County, Md. In the fall of 1887 he was elected a 
member of the House of Delegates of the Maryland Legislature, 
and was chosen Speaker of that body. 

In 1892 he removed from Snow Hill to Baltimore, where he 
practiced his profession until 1907, and that year returned to 
Snow Hill where he has since been practicing law with his son 
Franklin, under the firm name of Upshur & Upshur. 

He was one of the Alternate National Commissioners from 
Maryland to the World's Columbian Exposition at Chicago, 
receiving his commission from President Harrison, upon the 
nomination of Governor Jackson of Maryland. In 1892 he was 
a Delegate at Large from Maryland to the Democratic National 



360 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Convention at Chicago, which nominated Grover Cleveland for 
President, and made the motion in that convention to make the 
nomination of Mr. Cleveland unanimous. In 1900 he was 
appointed by Governor John Walter Smith (now United States 
Senator) President of the Board of Police Commissioners of 
Baltimore City for two years. In 1902 he was reappointed to the 
same office for another term of two years, and served until the 
expiration of his term. In 1901 he was appointed by Governor 
Smith a Colonel on his staff and held that office for four years. 

He was married June 11, 1873, ^^ Emma Franklin, the 
daughter of Judge John R. Franklin, formerly a member of Con- 
gress and at that time one of the Associate Judges of the First 
Judicial Circuit of Maryland. He has had four children : 

Priscilla, born May 5, 1874, who in 1905 married Professor 
Harry F. Covington of Princeton University. 

Franklin, born November 27, 1875, who first entered Johns 
Hopkins University and then went to Princeton, entering the 
Junior Class, and graduating in 1897, then studying law at the 
University of Maryland, graduating in 1899, becoming Assistant 
State's Attorney of Baltimore under State's Attorney Robert M. 
McLane, Jr. (afterwards Mayor of Baltimore). He was married 
June 23, 1909, at Snow Hill, to Ethelyn Winder Wilson, daughter 
of Ephraim King Wilson, former United States Senator from 
Maryland, and has one child, a daughter, Priscilla Wilson Upshur, 
born November 11, 191 1. 

George Martin, born January 5, 1878, died April 16, 1880. 

Emily Franklin, born April 23, 1892. 

The last was born in Baltimore, the others in Snow Hill. 



*Albert Waling Van Winkle 

Son of John Waling and Margaret Virginia (MacCurdy) Van Winkle. 
His father was a descendant in the seventh generation of Jacob Waling 
Van Winkle, who came to this country from Horn, Holland, in 1656, on 
the ship "King David," and purchased and settled on lands at Bergen, 
which are now a part of Jersey City, N. J. The present Van Winkle 
Street of Jersey City was once a part of the Van Winkle farm. His 
mother was daughter of Daniel and Priscilla MacCurdy. 

Albert W. Van Winkle was born April 17, 1842, and was 
prepared for college by John Grant, Newark. He left the class 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRADUATES 36 1 

during the first term, to take care of his brother, a student at 
Cambridge, who was seriously ill, and who did not recover. After 
his brother's death, he entered the Harvard Law School, from 
which he was graduated with the degree of LL.B. in 1869. 

He spent one year in a law office, and was then admitted to the 
Bar in New York City, where he spent his life busily occupied as 
an attorney and counselor at law. He became President and 
Counsel of the corporation of R. S. Luqueer & Company, 67 
Murray Street, which was established in 1814. 

Albert W. Van Winkle died December 15, 1909. 



*John Read Walker 

Youngest son of Anthony Smith and Mary (Read) Walker, and 
descendant of Robert Read, one of the signers of the Declaration of 
Independence. 

John R. Walker was born in Pleasant Green, Mo., March 18, 
1846, and was prepared for college by F. T. Kemper at Boone- 
ville. Mo. He left the class at the close of the second term of 
Sophomore year. 

In 1867 he removed to Bates County, Mo., bought a large farm 
and engaged in stock raising. From 1870 to 1872 he represented 
Bates County in the Missouri Legislature, and was Chairman of 
the Committee on Elections. He was then only twenty-four 
years of age, and the youngest member of the Legislature. He 
subsequently studied law and settled as an attorney in Booneville. 

In November, 1880, he was elected Prosecuting Attorney for 
Cooper County, and held the position for two years, during which 
time he prosecuted three hundred and twenty-nine criminal cases 
and secured conviction in all but three. The Fund Commissioners 
appointed him, in 1884, Special Agent for the State to secure 
the Missouri war claims from the United States Government. 
December 5, 1888, he was appointed one of the Board of Man- 
agers of the Missouri State Reform School for Boys, and was 
made Secretary of the Board. He was reappointed December 
I, 1892, for four years. In May, 1886, he joined the Methodist 
Episcopal Church South, and was one of the Board of Trustees ; 
also a member of the Board of Stewards, being President of both 



36a THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Boards. For six years he was Superintendent of the Booneville 
M. E. Sunday School, In October, 1893, he was elected by the 
annual conference of the M. E. Church South one of the four 
delegates to the general conference which met at Memphis, Tenn., 
in May, 1894. He was a delefjate to the Democratic National 
Convention which was held at Chicago in June, 1892, and was 
earnest in the support of Mr. Cleveland for renomination. He 
took an active part in the canvass of i8y3 and contributed much 



to the success of his party in his district. February 20, 1894, he 
was api>ointed by President Cleveland United States District 
Attorney for the western district of Missouri. He served in this 
office until the expiration of Mr. Cleveland's second term in 1S97. 
After his retirement, he took up the practice of law in Kansas 
City, Mo., and was retained by the United States Government as 
special counsel to argue in the Supreme Court of the United 
States, on behalf of the Government, an important case involving 
the question of Interstate Commerce. After that he received 
from the Attorney General of the United States two special 
appointments to try cases on behalf of the Government, one case 
in Iowa and the other in Missouri. Senator Cockrell says of 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES — NON-GRi\DUATES 363 

him : "He was a man of the highest character and of most decided 
ability) and obtained a high position in his profession." 

He was married, October 13, 1880, at Jefferson City, Mo., to 
Alice B. Ewing, daughter of Judge Ephraim B. Ewing of the 
Missouri Supreme Court, and had four children: Alice Ewing, 
born July 29, 1881, at Jefferson City, died September 14, 1897; 
John Read, Jr., born December 31, 1882, at Booneville; Ewing 
Addison, born December 16, 1885, at Booneville; Ephraim 
Brevard, born at Booneville, November 17, 1893. 

John Read, Jr., is President of the Lumberman's Bureau, and 
lives in Washington, D. C. 

Ewing Addison and Ephraim Brevard are engaged in the 
lumber business in Hattiesburg, Miss. 

John Read Walker died in January, 1899, in Kansas City, Mo., 
as a result of some heart affection caused by overwork. 

Mrs. Walker died in Kansas City, January 10, 1914. 



Frank Alvord Warfield 

Son of Abijah Baker and Sarah Elizabeth Warfield, was born 
in Holliston, Mass., October 4, 1846. He was prepared for col- 
lege at Phillips Exeter Academy, entered the class in September, 
1865, and left it in July, 1866. 

He studied two years at the Theological Seminary in Hartford, 
preached thirteen months in Meriden and Stafford Springs, Conn., 
was ordained January 10, 1871, in Globe Village, Mass., and 
installed July 31, 1873, at Greenfield in the same State. February 
I, 1876, he was called to the Union Congregational Church, Bos- 
ton, where he remained till November, 1881, when he was settled 
over the Porter Church in Brockton, Mass. In 1908 he became 
pastor of the First Congregational Church in Milford, Mass. 

Warfield was for some time a Trustee of Doane College, from 
which he received the Honorary degree of D.D. in 1898. 

He was married in 1866 to Miss Mary Jane Reade of Medway, 
Mass., and has four children : Frank A., who studied at Amherst 
and Middlebury, an electrical engineer in Denver, Col. ; Clarence 
v., a merchant in Omaha, Neb. ; Eva Louise, Wellesley '92, 
who lives with her father in Milford; and Jane Elizabeth, 
Wellesley '97, now Mrs. Frank E. Beckwith of Palmer, Mass. 



THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 



*Ed\vard Payson Wilder 

Eldest son of Rev, Royal Gould Wilder (Middlebury College 
1840) and Eliza J. Wilder, was bom July 22, 1847, in Ahmed- 
nagar, India, where his parents were stationed as missionaries of 
the American Board. He came to America in 1857 and was 
prepared for college at the Rural High School, Clinton, N. Y. 

He left the class on account of ill health at the beginning of the 
second term of Freshman year, afterwards entered '69, and 
graduated with that class. 

His biography is given in the '69 class book. 



Benjamin Mairs Wilson 

Son of Lieut. Col. John Wilson, United States Army, was born 
in Pittsburgh, Pa., November 5, 1848, and was fitted for Yale 
in the 5'reparatory Department of Columbia College. He was a 
good writer and speaker, and won second prize in the Linonia 
Prize Debate in Freshman year. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES NON-GRADUATES 365 

Wilson left the class during the first term of Sophomore year, 
to accept the position of Vice-Consul at Antwerp. While abroad, 
he continued his studies and received the degree of D.C.L., sunima 
cum laude, at Heidelberg, in December, 1870. In May, 1871, he 
returned to the United States and began in Chicago the practice 
of law, which he continued till 1893. In 1879 and 1880 he was 
a member of the Illinois Legislature from the Second (Chicago) 
District. Since 1893 he has traveled extensively, and has spent 
much time in Europe. 



He was married at Chicago, December 10, 1874, to Frances 
Huntington of that city, by whom he had two children : Hunt- 
ington, born December 15, 1875, and Sarah Lorraine, born Feb- 
ruary 13, 1883, died August 14, 1887. Mrs. Frances H, Wilson 
died in June, 1904. He was again married in 1908 to Edith 
St. George Huntington, and now resides in Versailles, France. 

Huntington Wilson was graduated from Yale College in the 
Class of 1897, and was appointed Second Secretary of the Ameri- 
can Legation at Tokyo May 4, 1897; Secretary, October 10, 
1900, May 26, 1906, he returned to America to serve in the 
Department of State. June 22, 1906, he was appointed Third 



366 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Assistant Secretary of State; March 5, 1909, Assistant Secretary 
of State ; September 30, 1910, accredited as Ambassador Extraor- 
dinary on Special Mission to the Ottoman Empire. He was 
married in June, 1904, to Lucy Wortham James of St. James, Mo. 



Isaac B. Woodbury 

His father was Isaac B. Woodbury, a well-known musical composer, 
who did much for the improvement of church music in America and who 
spent much time during his short life in holding musical conventions in 
many parts of the United States. He wrote church music, issued several 
church music Iwoks, and published The Musical Rez'iew for several years. 
Among his best-known tunes are "Siloam" and "Esmonton." 

Isaac B. Woodbury was bom March 5, 1848, in Salem, Mass., 
and was prepared for college at Phillips Academy, Andover. 
He was with the Class of '68 till the beginning of Sophomore 
year. 

Since leaving Yale he has been in the banking business. His 
life has been spent mostly in Kansas City, Mo., and in San 
Francisco. He has been President of the American Banking and 
Trust Company, Tulsa, Indian Territory ; American Bank, Tulsa, 
Okla. ; American Bank, Porter, Okla. ; First State Bank, Clarks- 
ville, Indian Territory ; First State Bank, Bristow, Indian Terri- 
tory; Lincoln Mortgage and Trust Company, Ashland, Kan. 

November 28, 1888, he was married to Mary M, C. Conway of 
San Francisco, and has had four children: Isaac B., born Sep- 
tember 3, 1889, deceased; Charles P., born September 2, 1892; 
Jesse C, born May 4, 1894; Frank B., born July 25, 1896. 



STATISTICS 



PLACE OF BIRTH. 

GRADUATES. 

New York. Ay res, Boardman, Coffin, S. A. Davenport, Dixon, DuBois, 
Durant, Esty, Ferry, Greene, I. C. Hall, Hopke, MacGregor, McKinney, 
Mead, Morse, Newell, Rawson, J. W. Russell, Sloane, Spencer, Stowell, 
Van Deusen, Varick, Varnum, Viele, Wesson, R. B. Williams, J. H. Wood, 
Woodruff, Yates. — ^31. 

Connecticut. Bacon, Beckwith, Brewster, Chapman, Coats, Cowell, 
DeForest, Edwards, Farnam, Harger, Hill, Holcombe, Ingersoll, F. B. 
Lewis, G. H. Lewis, J. Lewis, Rice, Robbins, Searls, Shelton, Thacher, 
Tinker, Tweedy, Washburn, Welch, Welles, Wheeler. — 27. 

Massachusetts. Abbott, Bailey, Chapin, L. B. Colt, Fisher, Fowler, 
H. A. Hicks, Lawrence, Means, Seagrave, Southworth, J. H. Wilson. — 12. 

Ohio, Bingham, H. Phillips, Smith, Swayne, Tytus. — 5. 

Pennsylvania. Biddle, Eastburn, Parsons, Pierce. — 4. 

Tennessee. Berry, Cooper, Trimble, Watson. — ^4. 

New Jersey. Linn, Marsh, Parry, Pierson. — 4. 

Illinois. Bragg, Hamilton, Manierre. — 3. 

Maine. Burns, Wentworth. — 2. 

New Hampshire. Webster, Wright. — 2. 

Vermont. E. W. Miller, Woodbridge. — 2. 

Rhode Island. Allen, N. P. S. Thomas. — 2. 

Maryland. Slay, T. H. Williams. — 2. 

Michigan. Clark, Moore. — 2. 

Wisconsin. Cramer, Walcott. — 2. 

India. Hume, W. C. Wood. — 2. 

Delaware. Bradford. — i. 

Washington, D. C. de Kay. — i. 

Chile. Page. — i. 

Constantinople, Turkey. H. F. Homes. — i. 

Thirty-one members of the Class lived after graduation in the towns 
or cities in which they were born. Twelve others did not change their 
residence after they were settled in their business or profession. 

NON-GRADUATES. 

New York. Birney, Bowman, Calhoun, R. L. Colt, W. B. Davenport, 
Foster, Hamlin, Jennings, Kip, W. K. Miller, Potter, Reade, Robert. 
Selden, Sistare, Timmerman, H. S. Williams. — 17. 



368 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Massachusetts. Bemis, Buck, F. C. Hall, Hayden, L. L. Hicks, F. H. 
Holmes, Jacobs, Reed, F. W. Russell, Sears, Warfield.— 11. 

Connecticut. Averill, Backus, Barnett, Day, Drake, Hotchkiss, Ketchum, 
Loomis, Tyler, Woodbury. — 10. 

Pennsylvania. Ballantyne, Cake, Emerson, Howe, Ryan, Van Winkle, 
B. M. Wilson. — 7. 

Ohio. Boylan, Cecil, Lillie, Mason, J. H. Thomas. — 5. 

Illinois. Bull, Durley, Frick, Scarritt. — ^4. 

Missouri. J. R. Holmes, Walker. — 2. 

Kentucky. Reeves, Rizer. — 2. 

Tennessee. C. H. Phillips. — i. 

New Jersey. Foote. — i. 

Maine. Hobson. — i. 

New Hampshire. Ballou. — i. 

Vermont. Kittredge. — i. 

Maryland. Upshur. — i. 

Michigan. Simkins. — i. 

Louisiana. Forrest. — i. 

India. Wilder. — i. 



TIME OF ENTERING THE CLASS. 

GRADUATES. 

With the Class. Abbott, Allen, Ayres, Bailey, Berry, Bingham, Board- 
man, Bradford, Bragg, Brewster, Chapin, Chapman, Coats, Coffin, L. B. 
Colt, Cooper, Cowell, Cramer, S. A. Davenport, de Kay, Dixon. DuBois, 
Durant, Esty, Farnam, Ferry, Fisher, Greene, I. C. Hall, Hamilton, 
Harger, H. A. Hicks, H. F. Homes, Hopke, Hume, Ingersoll, Lawrence. 
F. B. Lewis, G. H. Lewis, J. Lewis, Linn, MacGregor, Manierre, Marsh. 
Mead, Means, Morse, Newell, Parry, Parsons, H. Phillips, Pierce, Rice. 
Robbins, Seagrave, Searls, Sloane, Smith, Southworth, Spencer, Stowell, 
Thacher, N. P. S. Thomas, Tinker, Trimble, Tweedy, Tytus, Van Deusen. 
Varick, Varnum, Viele, Walcott, Watson, Webster, Welch. Welles, 
Wesson, Wheeler, R. B. Williams, J. H. Wilson, J. H. Wood, W. C. 
Wood, Woodbridge, Woodruff, Wright, Yates. — 86. 

Freshman Year, Second Term. Beckwith, DeForest, Fowler. — 3. 

Sophomore Year, First Term. Hill, Holcombe, McKinney. Moore, Page. 
Pierson, Rawson, Shelton, Slay, Swayne, Washburn, Wentworth, T. H. 
Williams. — 13. 

Sophomore Year, Third Term. Bacon, Biddle, E. W. Miller. — 3. 

Junior Year, First Term. Eastburn, Edwards, J. W. Russell. — 3. 

Junior Year, Second Term. Clark. — i. 

Senior Year. Burns. — i. 

NON-GRADUATES. 

At the Beginning of the Course. Averill, Ballou, Barnett, Bemis, Birney, 
Bowman, Buck, Bull, Cake, Calhoun, Cecil, R. L. Colt, Day, Drake, Foote, 



STATISTICS 369 

Forrest, Foster, Frick, F. C. Hall, Hamlin, Hayden, L. L. Hicks, Hobson, 
J. R. Holmes, Hotchkiss, Howe, Ketchum, Kip, Lillie, Loomis, Mason, 
W. K. Miller, C H. Phillips, Potter, R. L. Reade, I. G. Reed, Reeves, 
Rizer, Robert, F. W. Russell, Ryan, Scarritt, Sears, Simkins, Sistare, 
Timmerman, J. H. Thomas, Tyler, Upshur, Van Winkle, Walker, Wilder, 
H. S. Williams. B. M. Wilson, Woodbury.— 55. 

During Freshman Year. Backus, Ballantyne, Boylan, W. B. Davenport, 
Durley, Jacobs, Jennings, Kittredge, Warfield. — 9. 

During Sophomore Year. Emerson, Selden. — 2. 

During Junior Year. F. H. Holmes. — i. 

TIME OF LEAVING THE CLASS. 

During Freshman Year. Averill, Barnett, Bemis, Buck, Cake, Calhoun, 
R. L. Colt, W. B. Davenport, Day, Drake, Durley, Foote, Forrest, Foster, 

F. C. Hall, Hamlin, Hayden, L. L. Hicks, Hobson, Jacobs, Ketchum, Kip, 
Kittredge, Lillie, C. H. Phillips, Potter, Reeves, Rizer, Sears, Sistare, J. H. 
Thomas, Tyler, Van Winkle, Wilder. — 34. 

During Sophomore Year. Ballou, Bowman, Boylan, Bull, Cecil. Emer- 
son, Frick, J. R. Holmes, Hotchkiss, Howe, Mason, W. K. Miller, Pierson, 
Reade, Reed, F. W. Russell, Scarritt, Simkins, Walker, Warfield, Wesson, 
H. S. Williams, B. M. Wilson, Woodbury. — 24. 

During Junior Year. Backus, Ballantyne, Bimey, Edwards, Manierre, 
Robert, Seldien, Southworth, Upshur. — 9. 

During Senior Year. F. H. Holmes, Jennings. — 2. 

PROFESSIONS AND OCCUPATIONS. 

GRADUATES. 

Theology. Brewster, Chapin, S. A. Davenport, DeForest, Durant, 
Hume, Lawrence, F. B. Lewis, MacGregor, E. W. Miller, Morse, Parry, 
Rawson, Tinker, Welles, Woodruff. — 16. 

Law. Ayres, Berry, Biddle, Bradford, Bragg, Chapman, Coats, L. B. 
Colt, Cooper, Cowell, Dixon, DuBois, Farnam, Greene, Hopke, Ingersoll, 

G. H. Lewis, J. Lewis, McKinney, Page, Parsons, Pierce, J. W. Russell, 
Searls, Shelton, Slay, Spencer, N. P. S. Thomas, Trimble, Tweedy, 
Vamum, Viele, Washburn, Watson, Webster, Welch, Wentworth, Wesson, 
J. H. Wilson, J. H. Wood.— 40. 

Medicine. Bacon, Bailey, Boardman, Hamilton, Pierson, Thacher, 
Woodbridge. — 7. 

Education. Beckwith. Burns, Eastbum, Edwards, Harger, Hill, Means, 
Rice, T. H. Williams, W. C. Wood, Wright— 11. 

Business. Allen, Bingham, Coffin, Esty, Ferry, Fisher, Fowler, I. C. 
Hall, H. A. Hicks, Homes, Marsh, Mead, Moore, Seagrave, Sloane, South- 
worth, Stowell, Swayne, Tytus, Varick, Wheeler, R. B. Williams. — 22. 

Engineering. Abbott, H. Phillips, Robbins, Yates. — 4. 

Journalism. Linn, Smith. — 2. 

24 



370 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

finance. Clark, Cramer, Manierre, Newell. — 4. 
Literature, de Kay, Holcombe. — 2. 

NON -GRADUATES. 

Theology. Emerson, Scarritt, J. H. Thomas, Warfield. — ^4. 

Lmw. Averill, Cake, Durley, Foote, Frick, W. K. Miller, R. L. Reade, 
I. G. Reed, Reeves, Selden, Upshur, Van Winkle, Walker, Wilder, B. M. 
Wilson. — 15. 

Medicine. Ballantyne, Barnett, Boylan, Drake, Forrest, F. W. Rus- 
sell. — 6. 

Education. H. S. Williams. — i. 

Business. Ballou, Bemis, Bowman. Buck, Bull, Cecil, Day, F. C. Hall, 
L. L. Hicks, Hobson, J. R. Holmes, Hotchkiss, Jacobs, Jennings, Ketchum, 
Kip, Kittredge, Mason, C. H. Phillips, Potter, Rizer, Robert, Sears. 
Simkins. — 24. 

Journalism. Backus, F. H. Holmes, Lillie. — 3. 

Finance. Hamlin, Sistare, Woodbury. — 3. 

U. S. Xazal Service. Tyler. — i. 



DEGREES. 

GRADUATES. 

Ph.B. Abbott, Yale 1870. 

M.A. L. B. Colt, Brown 1882; Edwards, Yale 1892; G. H. Lewis, 
Grinnell 1871 ; Manierre, Yale 1893; Pierson, Yale 1888; Rice, Williams 
1883; Southworth, Yale 1877; Wesson, Yale 1888.* 

Ph.D. Beckwith, Yale 1872; Eastbum, Princeton 1890; Southworth, 
University of Tiibingen 1872; Wright, Yale 1876. 

LL.B. Ayres, Harvard 1870; Chapman, Columbia 1870; Coats, 
Columbia 1871 ; L. B. Colt, Columbia 1870; Cowell, Columbia 1869; 
Dixon, Columbia 1870; Farnam, Columbia 1871 ; Greene, Columbia 1870; 
Homes, Columbia 1879; Hopke, New York University Law School 1869; 
Ingersoll, Albany Law School 1869; McKinney, Columbia 1871; Manierre, 
Columbia 1869; Parsons, Albany Law School 1869; Spencer, Columbia 
1872; N. P. S. Thomas, Columbia 1870; Vamum, Columbia 187 1 ; 
Watson, Harvard 1870; Welch. Yale 1870; J. H. Wood, Columbia 1870. 

M.D. Bacon, New York University 187 1 ; Bailey, Boston University 
1880; Boardman, Georgetown Medical College 1872; Burns, Columbia 
1873; S. A. Davenport, Columbia 1873; Hamilton, Columbia 1876; Pier- 
son, Columbia 1869; Thacher, Yale 1879; Woodbridge, Columbia 1872. 

B.D. DeForest, Yale 1871 ; E. W. Miller, Yale 1872; Welles, Yale 
1872. 

LL.D. L. B. Colt, Columbia 1904, Yale 1905; Wright. Union 1895. 



* Forty-three members of the Class three years or more after graduation 
received the degree of Master of Arts from Yale on the payment of the 
usual fee. 



STATISTICS 371 

« 

D.D. Beckwith, Trinity 1898; Brewster, Trinity 1897, Yale 1898, Wes- 
leyan 1903 ; DeForest, Yale 1889 ; Durant, Union 1894 ; Hume, Yale 1895 ; 
Lawrence, Beloit 1893; Morse, Rollins 1905. 

L.H.D. Means, Hobart 1912. 

NGN -GRADUATES. 

B.A. Averill, Yale 1869; Backus, Yale 1870; Buck, Yale 1870; Foote, 
Hobart 1868; Forrest, Rutgers 1868; Hamlin, Yale 1869; W. H. Miller, 
Hobart 1869; R. L. Reade, Yale 1869; Robert, Yale 1869; F. W. Russell, 
Harvard 1869; Scarritt, Amherst 1869; Wilder, Yale 1869. 

Ph.B. H. S. Williams, Yale 1868. 

M.A. Boylan, Lafayette 1875; W. B. Davenport, Yale 1887; Drake, 
Yale 1883; J. H. Thomas, Hanover (Ind.) 1888. 

Ph.D. H. S. Williams, Yale 1871. 

LL.B. Hamlin, Albany Law School 1870; Kip, Albany Law School 
1867; R. L. Reade, Columbia 1872; Wilder, Columbia 1871. 

M.D. Ballantyne, Bellevue Hospital Medical College 1870; Ballou, 
University of Pennsylvania 1868; Bamett, Yale 1869; Boylan, University 
of Leipzig 1874; Drake, New York University 1871 ; Forrest, Bellevue 
Hospital Medical College 1872; Rizer, Bellevue Hospital Medical College 
1868. 

D.C.L. B. M. Wilson, Heidelburg 1870. 

D.D. Scarritt, Lane University, Kansas 1880; Warfield, Doane College, 
Neb. 1898. 

MILITARY RECORD. 

Eighteen members of Sixty-eight, twelve graduate and six non-graduate, 
served in the Civil War : 

Ay res, Twenty-third Connecticut Infantry. 

Coats, Twenty-second Connecticut Infantry. 

DeForest, Twenty-eighth Connecticut Infantry. 

Eastburn, Eleventh Pennsylvania Infantry. 

Fowler, Fiftieth Massachusetts Infantry. 

Hill, Twenty-third Connecticut Infantry. 

G. H. Lewis, Fourteenth Connecticut Infantry. 

John Lewis, Twenty-second Connecticut Infantry. 

Pierson, Twenty-seventh New Jersey Infantry and Thirty-third 

New Jersey Infantry. 
Robbins, Twenty-fifth Connecticut Infantry. 
M. Thomas, Commodore's Aide, United States Navy. 
Wright, Fifty-first Massachusetts Infantry. 



Ballantyne, One Hundred and Ninety-third Pennsylvania Infantry. 
Bimey, Twenty-second Connecticut Infantry. 
L. L. Hicks, Fifty-first Massachusetts Infantry. 
F. H. Holmes, Fifty-second Massachusetts Infantry and Second 
Massachusetts Cavalry. 



372 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Sears, Sixth Massachusetts Infantry. 

Timmerman, Seventy- fourth New York State National Guard. 



COLLEGE FAMILIES. 

In the following lists the degree is Bachelor of Arts unless otherwise 
stated. 

I. 

SONS OF COLLEGE GRADUATES. 

Abbott Rev. J. J. Abbott, Dartmouth 1839. 

Brewster Rev. Joseph Brewster, Yale 1842. 

DeForest Rev. William A. Hyde, Amherst 1829. 

Edwards Rev. Tryon Edwards, Yale 1828. 

Farnam Henry Farnam, M.A., Yale 1871. 

Homes Rev. Henry A. Homes, Amherst 1830. 

Hume Rev. Robert W. Hume, Union 1834. 

Ingersoll Hon. Charles A. Ingersoll, M.A., Yale 1827. 

Lawrence Rev. Edward A. Lawrence, Dartmouth 1834, 

Linn Dr. Alexander Linn, Union 1831. 

Means Rev. James Means, Bowdoin 1833. 

Morse Richard C. Morse, Yale 1812. 

Rawson Rev. Thomas R. Rawson, Amherst 1830. 

Rice Richard E. Rice, Yale 1839. 

Southworth Hon. Edward Southworth, Harvard 1826. 

Swa)me Judge Noah H. Swayne, LL.D., Yale, Hon. 1865. 

Thacher Professor Thomas A. Thacher, Yale 1835. 

Varnum Hon. Joseph B. Varnum, Yale 1838. 

Woodbridge Hon. Frederick E. Woodbridge, Univ. Vermont 

1841. 

Buck Edward Buck, Yale 1835. 

Emerson Rev. Dr. Daniel Hopkins Emerson, Dartmouth 

1830. 

J. H. Thomas Rev. Dr. Thomas E. Thomas, Miami 1834. 

Wilder Rev. Royal Gould Wilder, Middlebury 1840. 

II. 

BROTHERS OF COLLEGE GRADUATES. 

Abbott Jacob J. Abbott, Ph.B. Yale 1872. 

William W. Abbott, Ph.B. Yale 1877. 

Paul W. Abbott, Ph.B. Yale 1883. 
Allen William L. Allen, Yale 1880. 

Martin S. Allen, Yale 1882. 

Z. Nelson Allen, Yale 1886. 
Biddle George W. Biddle, Yale 1863. 

Arthur Biddle, Yale 1873. 



STATISTICS 373 

Brewster James H. Brewster, Ph.B. Yale 1877. 

William J. Brewster, Yale 1881. 

Benjamin Brewster, Yale 1882. 
Chapman S. Hartwell Chapman, Yale 1866. 

John H. Chapman, Ph.B. Yale 1876. 

Coffin Edmund Coffin, Yale 1866. 

Cramer Edward Cramer, Yale 1871. 

DeForest Joel W. Hyde, M.D. Yale 1861. 

Dixon Ephraim W. Dixon, Yale 1881. 

DuBois Edward C. DuBois. Yale 1854. 

Farnam George B. Farnam, M.D. Yale 1869. 

William W. Farnam, Yale 1866. 

Henry W. Farnam, Yale 1874. 

Ferry Charles H. Ferry, Yale 1872. 

Fowler Herbert G. Fowler, Yale 1874. 

Harger Charles Harger, Ph.B. Yale 1857. 

Holcombe John M. Holcombe, Yale 1869. 

Hume Edward S. Hume, Yale 1870. 

Ingersoll Charles D. Ingersoll, Yale 1864. 

Thomas C. Ingersoll, Yale 1865. 

McKinney Edward P. McKinney, Yale 1861. 

E. W. Miller Eliott S. Miller, Yale 1873. 

Hiram A. Miller, Ph.B. Yale 1876. 

Charles Miller, Yale 1879. 
Morse Sidney E. Morse, Yale 1856. 

Richard C. Morse, Yale 1862. 

William H. Morse, Yale 1867. 

Page Olof Page. Yale 1864. 

Slay John O. Slay, Yale 1859. 

Sloane Henry T. Sloane, Yale 1866. 

Southworth George C. S. Southworth, Yale 1863. 

Edward Southworth, Yale 1879. 

Thomas S. Southworth, Yale 1883. 
Swayne Wager Swayne, Yale 1856. 

Noah H. Swayne, Yale 1870. 

Frank B. Swayne, Yale 1872. 
Thacher Thomas Thacher, Yale 187 1. 

Edward S. Thacher, Yale 1872. 

Alfred B. Thacher, Yale 1874. 

John S. Thacher, Yale 1877. 

Sherman D. Thacher, Yale 1883. 

William L. Thacher, Yale 1887. 
N. P. S. Thomas Elisha S. Thomas, Yale 1858. 

Aaron S. Thomas, Yale 1869. 

Watson William P. Watson, Yale 1869. 

Wesson Charles H. Wesson, Yale 1863. 

R. B. Williams Henry S. Williams, Ph.B. Yale 1868. 



374 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

III. 
FATHERS OF COLLEGE GRADUATES. 

Eighty-three children of Sixty-eight, fifty-nine sons and twenty-four 
daughters, have received academic degrees or are now students in college 
and candidates for degrees. 

Abbott Ruth Beatrice, Wellesley 1904. 

Bailey Ruth Merrill, Mount Holyoke 1909. 

Berry John Kirkman, Yale 1896. 

Coburn Dewees, Yale 1899. 

William Tyler, Ph.B. Yale 1906, 
Biddle George Washington, Harvard 1908. 

Francis Beverly, Harvard 1909. 

Sydney Geoffrey, Harvard 1913. 

Bingham Henry Payne, Yale 1910. 

Bradford Edward Green, Jr., Yale 1900. 

L. B. Colt Le Baron Carlton, Brown 1899. 

Cooper Horace Polk, Harvard 19 10. 

Davenport Mary Isabel, Wilson (Pa.) 1898. 

DeForest Sarah Lydia, Smith 1901. 

Charlotte Burgis, Smith 1901. 

John Starr, B.S. Amherst 1906. 

Louise Hyde, Smith 1907. 
Dixon William Henry, Columbia 1900. 

Courtlandt Palmer, Yale 1908. 

Durant William Clark, B.E. Union 1904. 

Farnam Charles Henry, Jr., Ph.B. Yale 1895. 

Ferry John Farwell, Ph.B. Yale 1901. 

Frank Farwell, Yale 1900. 

Montague, Ph.B. Yale 1902. 

Horace Farwell, Yale 1906. 
Greene Joseph Warren, Jr., Yale 1899. 

Herbert Gouverneur, Yale 1903. 
Hume Ruth Peabody, Wellesley 1897. 

Robert Ernest, Yale 1898. 

Hannah, Wellesley 1900. 

Wilson McLaughry, Yale 1909. 

Walter Fairbank, Ph.B. Yale 1912. 

Henry Woods, Yale 19 16. 

Mary Ballantine, Mount Holyoke 1918. 
IngersoU Charles Anthony, Ph.B. Yale 1893. 

Jonathan, Ph.B. Yale 1896. 

F. B. Lewis Arthur Franklin, Yale 1892. 

John Lewis Warren Harmon, B.S. Univ. of Michigan 1894. 

John Gurdon, M.E. Univ. of Michigan 1897. 

Read, Univ. of Wisconsin 1909. 

Harmon, Univ. of Wisconsin 191 1. 



STATISTICS 375 

Manierre Alfred Edgerton, Yale 1902. 

Louis, Yale 1901. 

Arthur, Yale 1903. 

Francis Edgerton, Yale 1907. 
Means Margaret Applcton, Smith 1910. 

Elinor Haven, Smith 1910. 
Moore Laura, Univ. of Michigan 1899. 

Emily C, Wellesley 1908. 
Morse Richard Cary, Ph.B. Yale 1906. 

Elizabeth, Mount Holyoke 1907. 

Oliver Cromwell, Jr., Yale 1910. 

Anthony, Yale 19x5. 

Page Charles Randolph, Yale 1900. 

H. Phillips Charlotte Van Cleve, Stanford 1897. 

Horace Pease, B.S. Univ. of California 1903. 

Dorothy Disbrow, Univ. of California IQ12. 
Rice Richard Ashley, Williams 1899. 

Maxwell Ware, Williams 1903. 
Russell William Julius, Univ. of Vermont 1898. 

Elmer Beecher, Ph.B. Univ. of Vermont 1906. 

Seagrave Walter Howard, Ph.B. Yale 1904. 

Spencer Elliott Lines, Cornell 1896. 

Stowell Mary Esty, Vassar 1899. 

Edward Esty, Hamilton 1901. 

Harley Lord, Hamilton 1905. 
Thacher Henrietta Foster, Bryn Mawr 1901. 

Henry Clarke, Yale 1902. 

Thomas Anthony, Yale 1908. 

Tinker Chauncey Brewster, Yale 1899. 

Tytus Robb de Peyster, Yale 1897. 

Viele Grace. Smith 1901. 

Dorr, Yale 1902. 

Sheldon Knickerbocker, Yale 19 16. 

Welch Bradley Agard, Yale 1902. 

Welles Grace Southworth, Mount Holyoke 1895. 

Mary Wolcott, Mount Holyoke 1900. 
Wheeler Theodora Rumsey, Vassar 1911. 

Nathaniel, Yale 1914. 

Ellen Rumsey, Vassar 1915. 
Wright Alice Lincoln, Wellesley 1897. 

Henry Burt, Yale 1898. 

Alfred Parks, Yale 1901. 



376 



THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 



VITAL STATISTICS. 









Children 


Age at 


Ai^eat 


Name 


Date of Birth 


Date of Marriage 


Boys 


GirU 


Marriage 


Death 


Abbott 


Aug. 29, 1846 


Sept. 24, 1877 


I 


I 


31 




Allen 


Feb. 2ft 1848 


Feb. ft 1876 


3 


2 


28 


S6 


Ayres 


Jan. 10, 1844 










29 


Bacon 


Aug. 27, 1846 


June 10, 1875 






28 


59 


Bailey 


Jan. 23. 184s 


Aug. 6, 1873 


4 


I 


28 




Beck with 


Oct. 18, 184.3 












Berry 


Oct. 27, 1844 


Oct. 2ft 1873 


4 


I 


29 


66 


Biddle 


Oct. 1 1, 1847 


June 28, 1879 


4 




31 


43 


Bingham 


May 22, 1846 


June 8, 1876 


3 


2 


30 




Boardman 


Oct. 23. 1845 


June 18, 1873 






27 


29 


Bradford 


March 12, 1848 


Sept. 18, 1872 


2 


3 


24 




Bragg 


Apr. 12, 184s 


Sept. 22, 1872 


I 


2 


27 


50 


Brewster 


Sept. 5, 1848 


(i) Oct. 15, 1873 
(2) June 20, 1893 


I 


I 


25 




Burns 


Jan. 14, 1842 










71 


Chapin 


May IS, 1844 




• 






28 


Chapman 


Tune 24, 1848 


Nov. 25, 1873 




I 


2S 


27 


Clark 


April 25, 1846 


Oct. 13, 1874 




I 


28 


60 


Coats 


May ft 1842 


June 22, 1871 






29 




Coffin 


Oct. 13, 1847 


Dec. 5, 1878 




3 


31 


59 


Colt 


June 25, 1846 


Dec. 17, 1873 


2 


4 


27 




Cooper 


April 25, 1846 


Jan. 13, 1881 


I 




34 


60 


Cowell 


March 25, 1840 


Nov. 1 1, 1878 


I 


2 


38 


70 


Cramer 


Aug. 7, 1847 












Davenport 


June 27, 1846 


Aug. 28» 1878 


3 


2 


32 




DeForest 


June 25, 1844 


(i) Junes, 1871 
(2) Sept. 23, 1874 


I 


4 


27 


66 


deKay 


July 25, 1848 


June 4, 1888 


3 


5 


39 




Dixon 


March ift 1847 


April 26, 1871 


2 


I 


24 




Du Bois 


July 7, 1845 


Nov. 20, 1894 






49 




Durant 


Aug. 21, 1846 


(i) July 17, 1878 
(2) May 19, 1887 


I 


2 
I 


31 


67 


Eastburn 


Sept. 25, 1838 


(i) Sept. 8, 1870 
(2) July 12, 1876 


I 
I 


I 


42 


69 


Edwards 


Feb. 26, 1846 


Feb. 13, 1873 


I 


3 


27 


58 


Esty 


May 29, 1847 










62 


Farnam 


Sept. 12, 1846 


June 8, 1870 


I 


I 


23 


63 


Ferry 


May 15, 1845 


Oct. 12, 1875 


5 




30 


54 


Fisher 


Nov. 18, 1843 


Jan. 18, 1876 






32 


56 


Fowler 


Dec. 14, 1843 


Oct. 17, 1888 






44 




Greene 


Nov. 2, 1846 


Oct. 20, 1874 


3 


2 


28 




Hall 


Oct. ft 1846 


Oct. 6, 1869 


2 


I 


23 


61 


Hamilton 


Aug. 31, 1848 










33 


Harger 


Jan. 12, 1843 


May 13, 1875 






32 


44 



STATISTICS 



377 



Name 
Hicks 

Hill 

Holcombe 

Homes 

Hopke 

Hume 

Ingersoll 

Lawrence 
Lewis, F. B. 
Lewis, G. H. 

Lewis, J. 

Linn 

MacGregor 

McKinney 

Manierre 

Marsh 

Mead 

Means 

Miller 

Moore 

Morse 

Newell 

Page 

Parry 

Parsons 

Phillips 

Pierce 

Pierson 

Rawson 

Rice 

Robbins 

Russell 

Seagrave 

Searls 

Shelton 

Slay 

Sloane 

Smith 

Southworth 

Spencer 

Stowell 



Date of Birth 

Oct. 7, 1844 

Aug. 26, 1839 
Feb. 3, 1846 
April 20, 1847 
Oct. 29, 1846 
March 18^ 1847 

April 23, 1848 

Jan. 16, 1847 
July 25, 1844 
Sept. 6, 1842 

June 22, 1842 

Sept. 4, 1846 
Nov. 30^ 1844 
Aug. 31, 1845 

Feb. 5, 1845 
Sept. II, 1847 
Jan. 10, 1847 
May 1, 1847 
Oct 29, 184s 
Sept. 6, 184s 
Sept. 18, 1847 
Jan. II, 1846 
March 12, 1847 
March 29, 1845 
Aug. 19, 1844 
April 9, 1847 
Aug. 3, 1845 
Nov. 8, 1844 
Feb. 21, 1846 • 
Oct. 22, 1846 
Nov. 4, 1841 
Sept. 1, 1846 
Nov. 5, 1843 
March 25, 1846 

Sept. II, 1845 
Aug. 5, 1846 

Oct. 21, 1847 
Sept. 29, 1847 
Sept. 23, 1847 
May 20, 1847 
Jan. 25, 1846 



Children Ai^e at Age at 
Date of Marriage Boys Girls Marriage Death 

(1) 1873 29 

(2) April 8, 1888 I 

Feb. 3, 1869 I 3 29 

63 



( 1 ) July 7, 1874 2 

(2) Sept. 7, 1887 3 
(i) Oct. 6, 1870 2 
(2) March 16, 1889 i 

June 7, 1 871 2 

( 1 ) Aug. 27, 1869 I 

(2) Dec. 5, 1898 

(i) July 27, 1868 2 

(2) July 6, 1882 2 
Jan. 31, 1871 

May 8, 1880 

Feb. 9, 1876 4 

April 12, 1877 2 
May, 1870 
April 5, 1877 
July 6, 1876 

June II, 1873 I 

June 22, 1881 3 

Scot. I, 1886 1 

Sept. 12, 1877 2 

Dec. 1, 187s I 

Nov. 26, 1872 2 

Jan. 7, 1876 3 

March 11, 1884 I 

Sept. 13, 1870 2 
April 10, 1888 

Nov. 28, 1876 3 

May 5, 1895 

Dec. 31,1872 2 

July 1, 1869 2 
Oct. 8, 1902 

Dec. 3, 188s 
June 3, 1873 

Feb. 20, 1873 I 
Nov. 25, 1879 

Sept. 25, 187 1 I 

Dec. 18, 1873 2 



2 

I 

2 



3 

2 
2 
I 



2 
I 

3 
3 

4 



2 

3 



I 
3 



2 

I 



27 
22 

26 
27 

26 
24 

34 
31 
29 
23 
29 
30 

27 

33 
40 

30 
30 
28 
28 

38 
25 
42 
30 

53 
26 

25 
56 

39 
25 
25 
32 
24 
27 



58 



46 
70 



65 



43 
47 



65 

64 

57 

66 



53 

65 

42 
33 

58 
55 



378 



THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 



Name 


Date of Birth 


Date of Marriage 


Chih 
Boirs 


Iren 
Girls 


Age at 
Marriage 


Are at 
Deatli 


Swayne 


June 2, 1845 


Dec. 22, 1875 






30 


48 


Thacher 


Oct. 19, 1847 


Sept. 10, 1878 


2 


I 


30 


43 


Thomas 


Nov. 17, 1844 










45 


Tinker 


Oct. 15, 1844 


( 1 ) Oct. 9, 1873 

(2) July20, 1881 

(3) Nov. 25, 1884 


I 


I 


29 


42 


Trimble 


Sept. 27, 184s 


Oct. 26, 1876 


2 


I 


31 


65 


Tweedy 


April 21, 1846 


July 16, 1879 




I 


33 


64 


Tytus 


Aug. 22, 1847 


June 24, 1874 


I 




26 


33 


Van Deuscn 


Dec. 31, 1842 










38 


Varick 


Dec. 1, 1846 


Oct. 16, 1883 






36 




Varnum 


June 29, 1848 


June 14, 1899 






51 


58 


Viele 


Jan. 4, 1847 


June 5, 1877 


2 


3 


30 




Walcott 


May 20, 1844 










55 


Washburn 


Jan. 22, 1847 


( 1 ) Oct. 30, 1873 

(2) June 25, 188s 




I 
I 


26 




Watson 


July II, 1846 










57 


Webster 


Nov. 8, 1846 


(1) Oct. 18,1870 

(2) April 27, 1910 


2 


I 


24 




Welch 


Sept. 22, 1844 


Oct. 8, 1873 


I 




29 




Welles 


Aug. 7, 1846 


(i) Dec. 4, 1872 
(2) Oct. 15, 1913 




2 


26 




Wentworth 


Sept. 25, 1845 


July 7, 1886 






40 


62 


Wesson 


Aug. 27. 1845 


.\ug. 13, 1878 




I 


33 


59 


Wheeler 


Sept. 16, 184s 


(i) May 17, 1876 
(2) June 18, 1884 


I 


I 
2 


30 




Williams, R. B 


. May 8, 1848 


( 1 ) Nov. 2, 1870 

(2) Dec. 17, 1874 


I 


I 
I 


22 




Williams, T. H 


:. April 4, 1845 


Sept. 23, 1873 






28 


67 


Wilson 


March 9, 1847 


May 22, 1^77 






30 


58 


Wood, J. H. 


Nov. 21. 1848 


April 26, 1877 


2 


I 


28 


52 


Wood. W. C. 


April 20, 1849 










26 


Woodbridge 


July 29. 1848 










38 


Woodruff 


Feb. 16, 1845 


Oct. IS, 1884 






39 




Wright 


Nov. 30, 1839 


July 7, 1874 


3 


I 


34 




Yates 


Jan. 25. 1846 


June 4, 1884 


I 


I 


38 


SO 



STATISTICS 379 

DEATHS BY DECADES. 

Sixty-one members of the class have died since 1868, by decades as 
follows : 

John Marvin Chapin, October 25, 1872. 
Russell William Ayres, December 14, 1873. 
Herbert Boardman, July 4, 1875. 
William Curtis Wood, July 15, 1875. 
Timothy Pitkin Chapman, September 13, 1875. 

Charles Edwin Smith, December 23, 1880. 
Spencer Reynolds Van Deusen, May 16, 1881. 
Edward Jefferson Tytus, May 19, 1881. 
William Abbott Hamilton, October 21, 1881. 
Anson Phelps Tinker, November 25, 1886. 
Enoch Day Woodbridge, January 4, 1887. 
Oscar Harger, November 6, 1887. 

Nathaniel Phillips Smith Thomas, May 12, 1890. 
Thomas Chalmers Sloane, June 17, 1890. 
Charles Clark Marsh, November 27, 1890. 
Algernon Sydney Biddle, April 8, 1891. 
James Kingsley Thacher, April 20, 1891. 
Edward Alexander Lawrence, November 10, 1893. 
Henry Stuart Swayne, November 25, 1893. 
Edward Spencer Mead, January 10, 1894. 
William Chittenden Bragg, September 7, 1895. 
Horatio Green Yates, March 18, 1896. 

Douglas Walcott, June 29, 1899. 

George William Fisher, February 17, 1900. 

Julius William Russell, February 25, 1900. 

William Henry Ferry, March 4, 1900. 

Calvin Daniel Stowell, February 26, 1901. 

James Henry Wood, March 23, 1901. 

Samuel Watson, October 5, 1903. 

Tryon Holkar Edwards, February 18, 1904. 

Horace Phillips, May 7, 1904. 

Frederic Wesson, November 30, 1904. 

Edwin Lee Allen, December 19, 1904. 

Edward Frederick Hopke, December 30, 1904. 

Edward Leavitt Spencer, May 2, 1905. 

John Howard Wilson, February 2, 1906. 

William Turner Bacon, March 16, 1906. 

Elihu Leach Clark, June 28, 1906. 

James Coffin, December 28, 1906. 

Horace Stevens Cooper, February 10, 1907. 

James McCall Varnum, March 26, IQ07. 



3^0 THE CLASS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

George Eastburn, October 13, 1907. 

Thomas Fenner Wentworth, November 11, 1907. 

Ira Cole Hall, April 27, 1908. 

William Parsons, November 21, 1908. 
James Winthrop Holcomb, June 26, 1909. 
Charles Henry Farnam, September 24, 1909. 
Albert Henry Esty, April 13, 1910. 
Donald MacGregor, May 11, 1910. 
George Hubert Cowell, August 10, 1910. 
Samuel Tweedy, October 6, 1910. 
William Roumage Shelton, January 13, 191 1. 
John Hyde DeForest, May 8, 191 1. 
James Trimble, August 6, 191 1. 
Stephen Pierson, August 10, 191 1. 
Coburn Dewees Berry, September 13, 191 1. 
Charles Page, February 26, 1912. 
Thomas Hanse Williams, August 29, 1912. 
George Henry Lewis, March 16, 1913. 
Joseph Scribner Burns, July 26, 1913. 
William Durant, March i, 1914. 



SUMMARY. 

Whole number connected with the Class 177 

Number of members at the beginning of Freshman year 141 

Number subsequently admitted 36 

Number of graduates 110 

Number of non-graduates 67 



STATISTICS .^8 1 



POST OFFICE ADDRESSES. 

James W. Abbott, 123 North Grand a v., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Stephen G. Bailey, M.D., Custom House, Boston, Mass. 

Rev. Prof. Isbon T. Beckwith, Ph.D., D.D., Hartford, Conn. 

Charles W. Bingham, 2157 Euclid av., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Hon. Edward G. Bradford, Federal Building, Wilmington, Del. 

Rt. Rev. Chauncey B. Brewster, D.D., Hartford, Conn. 

Hon. John Coats, 41 Vine St., New Britain, Conn. 

Hon. LeBaron B. Colt, LL.D.. 105 Waterman St., Providence, R. I. 

Frank Cramer, 1306 Ritchie pi., Chicago, 111. 

Rev. S. Augustus Davenport, M.D., McMechen, W. Va. 

Charles A. de Kay, 413 W. 23d st.. New York City. 

William P. Dixon, 32 Liberty st.. New York City. 

Cornelius DuBois, 265 Pclton av.. West New Brighton, S. I., N. Y. City. 

Benjamin A. Fowler, Box 965, Phoenix, Ariz. 

J. Warren Greene, 115 Willow st., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Horace A. Hicks, Spencer, Mass. 

Beach Hill, R. F. D. 3, Bridgeport, Conn. 

Henry F. Homes, 52 Broadway, New York City. 

Rev. Pres. Robert A. Hume, D.D., Ahmednagar, India. 

Jonathan Ingersoll, 212 W. 7th st, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Rev. Frank B. Lewis. Bozeman, Mont. 

John Lewis, 424 N. Oak Park av., Oak Park, 111. 

William A. Linn, 164 Clinton pi., Hackensack, N. J. 

William A. McKinney, Binghamton, N. Y. 

George Manierre, 112 W. Adams St., Chicago, 111. 

D. McGregor Means, Middlebury, Vt. 

Rev. Elisha W. Miller, Riviera, Texas. 

Frank Moore, 722 N. Riverside av., St. Clair, Mich. 

Rev. Oliver C. Morse, Box 212, Greenlawn, N. Y. 

George A. Newell, 127 W. Center St., Medina, N. Y. 

Rev. Samuel Parry, 204 E. Main St., Somerville, N. J. 

Thomas W. Pierce, West Chester, Pa. 

Rev. Prof. Edward K. Rawson, 2137 Le Roy pi., Washington, D. C. 

Prof. Richard A. Rice, Washington, D. C. 

Thomas H. Robbins, 241 Franklin st, Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Frank E. Seagrave, Toledo, Ohio. 

Hon. Charles E. Searls, Thompson, Conn. 

Hon. William M. Slay, Chestertown, Md. 

Prof. Mase S. Southworth, Ph.D., Springfield, Mass. 

J. Leonard Varick, Great Northern Hotel, 118 W. S7th st.. New York City. 

Sheldon T. Viele, 104 Richmond av., Buffalo, N. Y. 

Henry L. Washburn, 100 William st, New York City. 

John H. Webster, Variety Iron & Steel Works Co., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Hon. Gideon H. Welch, Torrington, Conn. 

Rev. T. Clayton Welles, Torresdale, Philadelphia, Pa. 



382 THE CL.\SS OF 1868, YALE COLLEGE 

Samuel H. Wheeler, Fairfield, Conn. 

Prof. H. S. Williams, Ph.D., Ithaca, N. Y. 

Roger B. Williams, 306 N. Cayuga St.. Ithaca, N. Y. 

Rev. Henry C. Woodruff, Bridgeport, Conn. 

Prof. Henry P. Wright, 128 York St., New Haven, Conn. 



John F. Barnett, M.D., 34 Church St., West Haven, Conn. 

Halsted Boylan, M.D., 36 West Biddle St., Baltimore, Md. 

W. B. Bull, Chicago Club, Chicago, 111. 

J. A. Cake, Sunbury, Pa. 

Hon. A. W. Durley, Superior, Douglas Co., Wis. 

F. C. Hall, 22 N. Sangamon St., Chicago, 111. 

Hon. J. W. Hobson, 1049 Phelan Building, San Francisco, Cal. 

Hon. J. R. Holmes, 285 Congress pi., Pasadena, Cal. 

E. M. Hotchkiss, 189 Clinton av., Newark, N. J. 
Dr. C. A. Jacobs, 92 Columbia St., Brookline, Mass. 
George W. Potter, 320 North Fourth st., Burlington, Iowa. 

F. W. Russell, M.D.. 41 19 Cedar Springs Road, Dallas, Texas. 
Rev. William R. Scarritt, St. Stephen's Rectory, Millidgeville, Ga. 

G. B. Selden, Rochester, N. Y. 

M. C. Simkins, 1144 Angelina St., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Hon. George M. Upshur, Snow Hill, Md. 

Rev. F. A. Warfield, Mil ford, Mass. 

B. M. Wilson, 49 Boulevard de la Reine, Versailles, France. 

I. B. Woodbury, 425 Delaware St., Kansas City, Mo. 



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