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11 
THE HISTOEY 

OF THE 

COLLECTIONS 

CONTAINED IN THE 

NATURAL HISTORY DEPARTMENTS 

OF THE 

BRITISH MUSEUM (.-v-ot.^,. 



VOL. II. 

SEPARATE HISTORICAL ACCOUNTS OF THE 

SEVERAL COLLECTIONS INCLUDED IN THE 

DEPARTMENT OP ZOOLOGY. 



LONDON: 

PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM 

SOLD BY 
LoNOMAirs & Co., 39 Paternoster Row, E.G. ; B. Quaritch, 15 Piccadilly, W. ; 
DUL.A0 & Co., 87 Soho Square, W. ; Eeoan Paui*, Trench, 
Tbubneb & Co., Dryden House, 43 Gerrard Street, Soho, W. ; 

AND AT THE 

Bbttibh Museum (Natural Histort), Cromwell Road, S.W. 
1906. 
{AH rights reserved.) 



LOHDOH : 

PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, LIMITED, 

DTTKX STKKKT, STAMFORD STREET, S.E., AND GREAT WINDMILL STREET, W 



■ail 



PREFACE TO VOL. II. 



Thk account of the Zoological collections has taken so long in 

prejiaration, and is so bulky, that it is considered convenient to 

ii;.sue the special accounts of the several collections written by the 

Assistant Keepers and Assistants who are in charge of those 

col lf.*ct ions, \¥'itliout further delay, as Vol. II. of the History. 

An account of the General History of the Zoological Department 

is in the press, and will be issued as Vol. III. as soon as revised 

and coniplet€Kl. 

E. Ray Lankestrk, Director. 
British Museum (Natubal Histoby), 

IL,ONI>02«, S.W. 

July 20tH, XQ06. 



^86629 



SEPARATE HISTORICAL ACCOUNTS 

op THE 

SEVERAL COLLECTIONS 



INCLUDED IN THE 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY, 



VIZ. : 

1. MAMMALS 

2. DOMESTICATED ANIMALS, HYBRIDS, 

ABNORMALITIES ... 

H. BIRDS 

4. reptiles and batrachians 

5. fishp:s 
G. insp:cta 

7. ARACHNIDA 

S. MYRIOPODA 

y. MOLLUSCA 

10. CRUSTACEA, 



ANI 




PERIPATUS, 



ECHINODERMS, 
WORMS, AND ANTHOZOA 

11. PROTOZOA, PORIFERA, HYDROZOA, POLYZOA 
BRACHIOPODA, AND TUNICATA 



PAOH 

3 

67 

79 
517 
588 
651 
655 
686 
701 

781 

7«;5 



VOL- II- 



I. MAMMALS. 
By OLDFIELD THOMAS, P.R.S. 



Officers specially connected with the Collection of 
Mammals during its Foundation and Growth. 



Of the various officers of the Museum, it does not appear that 
any before George Shaw (Assistant, 1791 ; Keeper, 1807-13) 
took any particular interest in Mammals, but he was the author 
of several works on the subject, of which the l)est known b his 
'•General Zoology— Manmialia, 1800-1801" (four volumes). 
Some of his types are still extant. 

Dr. W. E. Leach (Assistant, 1813) wrote a few articles on 
Mammalia, but worked primarily at Insects. 

The real maker of the collection was Dr. J. E. Gray (Assis- 
tant, 1824; Keeper, 1840-75). To his indomitable energy and 
enthusiasm, in the face of much opposition and discouragement 
from officials more interested in the Library and Antiquities t|ian 
in Natural History, the early growth and position of the Mammal 
collection is mainly due. (See below, p. 35.) 

From 1873 onwards. Dr. A. GUnther (Assistant, 1862 ; Keeper, 
1875-95), who had always taken a general interest in Mammals, 
described a certain number of the more striking novelties 
among the accessions, and made a MS. list (»f the collection of 
Monkeys. 

Sir William Flower (Director, 1884-98) took a personal 
interest in the general arrangement of the Mammals, and 
especially of the Cetaoea, of which he wrote a list in 1885. 

Oldfield Thomas, the present Assistant, was appointed in 1876, 
and transferred to the Zoological Department in 1878. 

R. Lydekker, though not on the permanent staff, should be 
mentioned as having had general charge, since 1896, of the exhi- 
bited series, and, more recently, of the collections of domesticated 



H 2 



Zoology. 



A Chronolocjical Account op thk Principal Accessions 

TO THE COLLECl'ION OF ^IaMMALS UP TO 1904. 



Owing ti) the earlier naturalists having had no appreciation 
of the value of particulars about specimens, and the conse- 
quent absence of records or registers, it is impossible to give 
anything like a detailed account of the accessions to the Mammal 
collection of the British Museum before 1837. In that year Dr. 
J. E. Gray began the first register of accessions, in the form of a 
small square octavo volume, replaced in 1838 by a large folio 
register arranged on exactly the same plan as at present, so that 
from 1838 to the present time there is a continuous and uniforin 
record of accessions. The method of numeration in this series of 
registers, invented by Dr. Gray, is such that every register 
number shows, without further inquiry, the exact date of 
incorporation of the specimen it refers to. 

Before 1837. 

The first specimens received would have been those in the 
original collection of Sir Hans Sloane, purchased by the nation 
under his will of 1753, and thus forming the nucleus of the 
National Museum. Unfortunately no detailed list of the Natural 
History collections Ls available, and only some few isolated speci- 
mens can be identified as having belonged to it. Of these mention 
may be made of the record pair of horns of the Indian Buffalo 
(BuhahiA bubalis), 14 feet fn)m tip to tip, round the curves, said 
to have been given to Sir Hans Sloane in lieu of doctor's fee by 
a barber in East London, and of a horn, 33 inches in length, of 
Burchell's Rhinoceros (Diceros simus). 

But even older than these are the few specimens that can l>e 
identified as from the original Royal Society's collection, described 
in 1681 in Grew's " Catalogue of the. . . Rarities belonging to the 
Royal Society, and preserved at Gresham College," and transferred 
to the British Museum in 1781. Of these the most notable is the 
frontlet of the West African Dwarf Buflalo, described by Grew 
in 1681, and figured by Pennant in 1781 (Quadr. I., pi. II., 
Fig. III.)> this being, therefore, the type of Boa nawis, Boddaert, 
and of Bos pumilusy Turton. 

As the identification of other objects from the Royal 



Mammals. 5 

Society's collection is less certain, this may be looked upon as 
the oldest authentic specimen in the Museum collection of 
Mammals. 

Next in age to the sj)eciinens enumerated by Grew comes the 
skeleton of a youn^ Chimpanzee, which was described by Dr. E. 
Tyson in 1699 under the title <»f ** Orang-outang, sive Homo 
sylvestris ; or the anatomy of a Pigmie compared with that of a 
Monkey, Ape, and a Man." It was presented by the Governors 
of Cheltenham Hospital in 1 894. 

Of nearly the same age are the spirit specimens figured and 
df scribed by Seba in 1734, among which are several Linnean 
types. These were purchased in 1867 at the sale of the collection 
of Prof. Van Lidth de Jeude {q.v. infra). 

About 1800, Dr. Latham presented to the Museum the typical 
specimen of the Platypus {Omithorhynchus anatinus), which had 
been described by Shaw* in 1799. 

In 1816 the eminent French naturalist, de Blainville, paid a 
visit to London, and certain specimens he then saw and described 
would appear to be the next identifiable specimens chronologi- 
cally. Of these the Museum possesses the typical face and horns 
of the Addax (Addcur nasomactdaim)^ which was then in Bullock's 
Museum, and came later intr> the National Collection. 

Then followed, " on the 30th September, 1817," the important 
collection of the great traveller, William Burchbll, including 
a considerable number of the ty}>es of his species. The majority 
of his specimens are still represente<l by their skulls and horns, 
even when the mounted skins have ])enshed. 

From this date to 1837 the chief accessions were the Raffles 
Collection (apart from those so disastrously lost in the Fame in 
1824), the Hardwicke Bequest, and the series received from 
cruizes of the Adventure and Beagle. 

At the same time the formation of the Zoological Society's 
Museum, started by the ^'Zoological Club'* in 1823, and carried 
on until 1855 as an important branch of the Society's work, while 
temporarily diverting collections that would otherwise have gone 
direct to the National Museum, stimulated workers in all parts 
of the world ; and since the resulting series came to their natural 
home later on, nothing but benefit to the Museum arose from the 
rivalry thus produced. 

1837. 
Accessions^ 219. 
Commencement of registration by Dr. Gray, who about the 



6 Zoology. 

same time formed a manuscript list of all the specimens then in 
the Museum. The principal accession of the year appears to 
have been the Cobbb collection from India. 

1838. 

Registered accessions, 201. 

The most important events were the commencement of contri- 
butions from Mr. Ronald Gunn from Tasmania, the receipt of the 
first South African collections from Dr. Andrew Smith, of the 
North American specimens of Dr. Bachman, and of the Chinese 
series of Mr. J. R. Reeves. 

1839. 

Accessions, 144. 

1840. 

Accessions, 83. 

The Krauss Mammals from Natal were received in this year, 
and the first contributions from John Crould, who played so 
important a part in the zoological exploration of Australia. 

1841. 

Accessions, 401. 

A large consignment of the Grould collection formed the chief 
feature of the year. 

About this period the Mammalian collections appear to have 
been shifted from old Montague House to the new British 
Museum, built on the same site. The new building was com- 
menced in 1823 and its eastern wing completed in 1828, though 
the last portions of Montague House did not disappear till 1845. 
When Mr. E. Gerrard joined the staff in 1841 the Mammals 
were still in a part of the older edifice. 

1842. 

Accessions, 562. 

Mammals collected in South Africa by Mr. Burke, and pre- 
sented by Lord Derby, and others obtained during the Voyage of 
the Sulphur^ and presented by Sir E. Belcher, formed the chief 
accessions of interest. 

1843. 

Accessions, 769. 

This year saw the arrival of the first and most important part 
of the great Hodgson collection, the importance of which is 



Mammals. 7 

referred to below. A considerable consignment of the Andrew 
Smith collection from South Africa ; and the greater part of 
the valuable series presented bj Sir George Ghrey from South 
Australia were also included. 

In 1843, Dr. Gray published the first and only complete list of 
the Museum collection of Mammals ; a most valuable work, and 
one of constant service in tracing the earlier histories of the 
specimens. 3062 specimens were enumerated, assigned to 1031 
species. 

1844. 

Accessions, 636. 

A series acquired from the Leyden Museum, representing 
species described by Miiller, Schlegel, and Temminck. 

Further important contributions from Mr. Gould and Sir 
George Grey, and the collections made during the Antarctic 
Voyage of the Erebus and Terror under Sir James Ross.' 

1845. 

Accessions, 1103. 

A further large consignment of Mr. Hodgson's Nepalese col- 
lections came this year. Also contributions from Dr. Ri^pell 
from Abyssinia, and Mr. R. Graham from Para. 

1846. 

Accessions, 1360. 

The Hodgson skulls and skeletons, the first instalment of the 
Bridges specimens from Bolivia, the Fraser collection from Tunis, 
and the duplicates of the Wahlberg collection from South Africa, 
received from the Stockholm Museum, were mainly responsible 
for the large increase in 1846. 

1847. 

Accessions, 587. 

Mr. GoBse's Bats from Jamaica, and Mr. Dyson's collection 
from Venezuela were the most notable additions this year; besides 
additional consignments from Bridges, Fraser, and others. 

1848. 
Accessions, 413. 

1849. 
Accessions, 397. 
^ledmens from Bahia, presented by Count F. de Castelnau. 



8 Zoology. 

1850. 

Accessions, 574. 

1851. 

Accessions, 603. 

1852. 

Accessions, 402. 

Gray's Catalogue of the Ungulata, perhaps his most meri- 
torious work on Mammals, appeared in this year, and proved a 
great stimulus to our knowledge of the group. It is often of 
great service in tracing the histoiy of individual specimens. 

1853. 

Accessions, 267. 

In this year the first commencement was made of tho transfer 
of the specimens in the Zoological Society's Museum to the 
National Museum, but the gi-eat miiss of them came in 1855. 

Further consignments of the Gould specimens also came in 
this year, after being used for the preparation of his monumental 
"Mammals of Australia," 1845-63. 

1854. 

Accessions, 175. 

1855. 

Accessions, 582. 

This year is memorable in the annals of the Museum for the 
receipt of the chief portion of the Zoological Society's Museum, 
the most important and hist<»rical acc^ession ever received. 

1856. 

Accessions, 435. 

The Theobald collection of skulls an<l spirit specimens from 
India, presented by Prof. T. Oldham, the Sall^ collection of 
Central American Mammals, specimens from the Voyage of 
tlie HertUdy collected by Mr. J. MacGillivray, and the first con- 
signment from Mr. A. R. Wallace form the principal additions 
of the year. 

1857. 

Accessions, 225. 

1858. 

Accessions, 1174. 

In this year came the second part of the Hodgson collection, 
formed by him during his residence at Darjiling, Sikhim. The 
first parts, received in 1843 and 1845, had been all from Nepal. 



Mammals. , 9 

1859. 

Accessic»iis, 338. 

The Siamese collections of Mr. Mouhot, the Ecuadorean series 
of Lrjuis Fraser, and the specimens obtained in East Africa 
by Capt. Speke, began to come in this year, and Dr. GUnther's 
series of skulls was also acquired. 

1860. 

Accessions, 412. 

A large donation of Asiatic Mammals from the old Museum 
of the Hon. East India Company was given this year by the 
Secretary of State for India. 

The collection made by Dr. J. K. Lord on the North American 
Boundary Commissi<m of 1859-60 was presented in this year by 
the Foreign Office. 

1861. 

Accessions, 258. 

Du Chaillu's Gaboon Mammals, Harris's specimens from 
Shoa, and further contributions from Wallace and Mouhot 
formed the most important additions. The tirst of the Chinese 
Mammals obtained by Consul R. Swinhoe also came in this year 

1862. 

Accessions, 315. 

The chief event of the year was the publication of Gerrard's 
'* Catalogue of the Bones of Mammalia in the Collection of the 
British Museum," which enumerated 706 skeletons and 3549 
.skulls belonging to 1197 species. 

The additions were chiefly further contributions from collectors 
already mentioned. 

1863. 

Accessions, 229. 

1864. 

Accessions, 304. 

In this year came the first of the long series of contributions 
by Sir John Kirk from Zambesia and East Africa. Also the 
Mammab coUected by Canon H. B. Tristram in Palestine, and 
the Gorillas by Du Chaillu in West Africa. 

1865. 
Accessions, 247. 

The Central American Mammals collected by Mr. Osbert 
Salvin formed the chief accession of the year. 



Mammals. 11 

aeries of Persian MammalR, collected by Dr. W. T. Blanford, and 
illustrative of his work in that country. 

1875. 

Accessions, 291. 

A further series from Central America, collected by Mr. O. 
Salvin, forms the chief feature of the year. 

1876. 

Accessions, 397. 

Mammals from Borneo, collected by Sir Hugh Low, from Asia 
Minor, by Mr. C. G. Danford, and from Colombia, by Mr. T. K. 
Sahnon, form the chief additions of 1876. 

1877. 

Accessions, 220. 

Mammals from New Britain, collected by the Rev. G. Brown, 
and described by Messrs. Alston aiid Dobson, and the first con- 
tributions from that most successful collector, Mr. A. H. Everett, 
w»e added in this year. 

1878. 

Accessions, 275. 

A collection of Cochin China Mammals, presented by M. Pierre, 
»nd a series of the Mammals obtained by Dr. Otto Finsch during 
the Bremen Geographical Society's expedition to West Siberia, 
were the most important additions. 

But the chief event of the year was the publication of Dr. 
G. E. Dobson's Catalogue of Chiroptera, which at once took 
position as the standard work on the subject. 2666 specimens 
were enumerated. 

1879. 

Accesaons, 1064. 

In this year the only accession to be compared in importance 
with that of the Zoological Society's Museum in 1855 took place; 
^mely, that of the Indian Museum, the collection formed by the 
Hon, East India Company. This was presented by the Secretary 
**te for India. The specimens received on its final dispersal 
were 695. The private collection of Mr. E. R. Alston was 
presented by the owner m 1879. 

A 1980. 

-^ccesmona, 568. 

^g^^^^^»«»mal8 from Japan (H. Pryer), Asia Minor (Danford), 
'^^^'**^^ (Biickley)/and a large number of Indian Rodents, 



12 Zoology. 

presented by Dr. W. T. Hlauford, were the mast noteworthy 
additions. 

In December of this year the Zoological Department was 
moved from its old quarters at the end of the Egyptian Gallery, 
in the position where the Phigjileian and Mausoleum Rooms of 
the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities now are, to 
the gallery vacated by the (geological Department on the 
removal of the latter to South Kensington. 

1881. 

Accjessions, 263. 

The first instalment of the valuable Peruvian collections, 
received in exchange from the Branicki Museum, Warsaw, came 
in this year, the set being those collected by Dr. J. Stolzniann. 

1882. 

Accessions, 372. 

Mammals from Madagascar (Rev. W. Deans Cowan), Mexico 
(A. Forrer), Algeria (F. Lataste), Rio Grande do Sul (H. 
von Iliering) form noteworthy additions. The first contribution 
from the Challenger Expedition also came in this year. 

1863. 

Accessions, 225. 

The first of the fine series of big game animals obtained by 
Mr. F. C. Selous were acquired in 1883. 

In this year the Zoological Collections were transferrecl from 
the old British Museum building in Bloomsbury to the Natural 
History Museum at South Kensington. The exhibited series 
were arranged in two galleries; the upper containing only skulls 
and skeletons, and the lower the stuffed specimens. The study 
series was placed in recesses beliind the exhibition cases of the 
upper galler}'. 

1884. 

Accessions, 462. 

The first of the many specimens collected by Dr. H. O. Forbes 
in the East Indian Archipelago were received this year. Also 
the first of Col. J. W. Yerbury's donations from Aden. 

1885. 

Accessions, 755. 

The specimens collected by Mr. (afterwards Sir) H. H. John- 
ston on Mount Kilimanjaro, received in this year, formed the first 



Mammals. 13 

instalment of the large series with which he has enriched the 
Museum. 

The event of the year was, however, tlie reception of the 
Indian and Malayan Mammals, 371 in number, presented by 
Mr. Allan O. Hume to the Museum, supplemented in 1891 by 
the donation of his magidficent collection of heads and horns. 

1886. 

Accessions, 380. 

The specimens collected by Dr. J. E. T. Aitchison, while 
on the Afghan Delimitation Commission of 1885, were* presented 
in this year, as also were the first of the many donations of the 
Marquis G. Doria, Director of the Genoa Museum, and of 
Mr. F. W. Styan from China. 

1887. 

Accessions. 396. 

The first of Mr. C. M. Woodford's interesting contributions 
from the Solomon Islands, of Mr. F. J. Jackson's from British 
East Africa, as well as Mr. W. L. Sclater's collection fnmi 
British Guiana, and the famous collection made by Emin Pasha 
in Equatorial Africa were presented this year. 

1888. 

Accessions, 700. 

A series of heads and horns, presented by Mr. K. Lydekker, 
a number of small Mammals from Texas, presented by Mr. W. 
Taylor, and the first of the collections made by Dr. Percy 
Kendall were the chief accessions. In this as in many succeeding 
years, a number of Central American Mammals were presented 
by Messrs. F. I). Godman and O. Salvin. 

The Catalogue of Marsupialia and Monotremata, by Oldfield 
Thomas, was published in this year. 1304 Hpeciniens were 
enumerated. 

1889. 

Accessions, 366. 

The first of Dr. Charles Hose's Bornean collections was 
acquired. 

1890. 

Accessions, 422. 

Mr. St. Geo. Littledale's Central Asian contributions com- 
menced this year, and Emin Pasha's second collection was also 
received. 



Mammals. 15 

Darling, the commeucement of the Child collections from Bogota, 
presented by Oldiield Thomas, and the remarkable series from 
Luzon and Borneo, collected by Mr. J. Whitehea<l, were the most 
noteworthy additions. 

1896. 

Accessi(»ns, 540. 

Consul Soderstroni, of Quito, began his many donations in this 
year, and the first acquisitions from Mr. G. L. Bates (French 
Congo), and Mr. A. S. Meek (Papuasia) came in. 

In this and the succeeding year the exhibited series of 
Mammals was completely rearranged by K. Lydekker ; the osteo- 
logical and mounted series being amalgamated, and placed in the 
Lower Mammal Grallery and half of the upper one, the other half 
of the latter being utilised for the enormously increased study 
series. 

1897. 

Accessions, 2330. 

This, the largest number as yet reached, was made up by a 
number of important collections, of which the most noticeable 
were those of Dr. Forsyth Major from Madagascar, Sir H. H. 
Johnston from North Nyasa Land, Mr. F. C. Selous from Matabili 
Land, Dr. L. Loria from New Guinea, Mr. T. H. Lyle from Siam, 
Mr. J. A. Wolfl&ohn from Valparaiso, and Mr. Outram Bangs 
from North America. 

The first contributions from Capt. G. E. Barrett-Hamilton, 
afterwards an assiduous helper in the scientific work of the group, 
also came in this year. 

The arrangement of the New Cetacean Gallery by Sir W. H. 
Flower, assisted by Mr. R. Lydekker, took place in 1897-98. 

1898. 

Accessions, 2161. 

Most notable additions : Collections contributed by Dr. S. L. 
Hinde (East Africa) ; Mr. R. J. Cuninghame (Norway and Egypt) ; 
Mr. R. M. Hawker (SomaliLand) ; Mr. J. I. S. Whitaker (Morocco 
ooUected by Dodson) ; and Mr. O. Thomas (South America, col- 
lected by R. Perrens, G. D. Child, O. Garlepp, and G. K Cherrie). 

The Nyasa Land collections, begun by Sir H. H. Johnston, 
were continued under his successor. Sir Alfred Sharpe. 

1899. 
Accessions, 1702. 
In ibis year the successful collecting expedition of Mr. Perry 



It) Zoologjf, 

C). Simons U> the Andes was c<jmnienced. the Mammals ohtainerl 
lM-in«; presented by Oldfield Thomas. 

Other notable additions were e<iIlections presented by Dr. C 
Hose (Bornefi) ; I^ird Delamere (East Africa and Somali Land) : 
Mr. F. W. Styan (Szechuen) ; Capt. W. (iiffard (Gold Coast); 
and Mr. C. Stuart Betton (East Africa). A series of South 
American Mammals was received from the Lii Plata Museum, 
and sets collected }>y (5. K. Chenic, J. H. Iktty, <i. Child, and 
S. Briceuo were presented by Oldticld ThonuL**. 

1900. 

Atrccs.sii »i IS. 1 784. 

i>esides the imjNirtant series received from the Simons' expedi- 
tion, fri»m l>r. H4»>e, Mr. Wolffs* »iin, and other ret^ular contributors, 
the mast notable accessions were the collt*ctions of l^ird Lovat 
(Abyssinia); l)r. E. Donaldson-Smith (N.E. Africa) ; Capt. S. S. 
Flower (White Nile) ; ^Ir. H. J. Wat.son (Panama) ; Prof. H, J. 
Mackinder (Mt. Kcnia) ; and a .series from the Balearic Islands 
collecti'd by Oldticld Thomas and K. I. P<K-«Kk. 

4 Mioi 1901- 

Accessions, \\31A. 

The chief events of this year were the cxjmmencement of the 

South l^razilian e.\pediti(m of A. liol>ert, fnim whom valuable 

series have wime ; the donation of the larj^ Uganda i*«»l- 

lection of Sir Harry JohiLston, including the famous specimens 

of the Okapi, an<l tiiat of tlie Quelch collection from British 

Guiana, presiMited by Mr. F. V. Mi-Connell. Other noteworthy 

acces.siorLs were tlie Southern Croas col lecti<»iis, given by Sir (ieorge 

Newncs, and series from Shendy, Soudan (pre.sented by the 

Hon. N. Charles Bothschild), l':ast Africa (A. B. Percival), Upper 

Nile (K. M. Hawker), Deelfontein. Cape Colony (Col. Slo^'gett), 

Canada (E. Hiillis). and Parai;uay (W. Foster). 

1902. 

Ai*cessij »n >, 1 '.'.'i "). 

The most notable additions of the year were the coLlecti<in 
made in Tripoli by E. Dods4m, and presenttnl l)y Mr. J. 1. 
S. Whitaker, the Ci»iba Island series, presented l)y the Hon. 
Walter Rothschild, that from the Liu Kiu Islands, by the Hon. 
N. Charles Kothschild. and the Abys.^inian ci»llection made by 
Mr. E. Degen. The bust year t>f the Simons' exploration, resulting 
in the CtK'habamba, Oruro, and Cruz <lel Eje series, ended most 
sadly in the death of that admirable collector. 



Mammals. 17 

1903. 

Accessions, 2623. 

The chief event of this year was the commencement of the 
important zoological exploration of South Africa, for which the 
fonds were provided by Mr. C. D. Rudd. The collector, 
Mr. C. H. B. Grant, who had hitherto been working for 
GoL Sloggett, commenced to travel for Mr. Rudd in January, 
and successively made collections near Cape Town, in British 
Namaqua Land, and in Zulu Land. 

Of accessions the most important were the final collections 
from Deelfontein, Cape Colony, presented by Col. Sloggett ; 
a collection from Uganda, presented by Col. C. Delm6-Radcliffe ; 
a fine series from the Malay Peninsula obtained and presented 
by Messrs. H. C. Robinson and N. Annandale ; mammals 
fran the Soudan, presented by Major H. N. Dunn ; a series 
from the islands off the coast of Panama, presented by the 
Hon. Walter Rothschild; five considerable collections made 
by M. Alphonse Robert in South America, from Matto Grosso 
(presented by Mrs. Percy Sladen), from Paran4 (purchased), 
from sEspirito Santo, Bahia and Pemambuco (presented by 
Oldfield Thomas). 

1904. 

Accessions, 2461. 

The collections received from South Africa and presented by 
Mr. C. D. Rudd formed the most important accession of the 
year. 122 specimens were sent from British Namaqua Land, 
204 from Zulu Land, and 109 from the Wakkerstroom district of 
the Transvaal. 

Other notable additions were the Angolan series obtained by 
Dr. W. J. Ansorge, the set from Fernando Po obtained by Mr. 
£. Seimund, and presented by the Duke of Bedford, Mrs. Percy 
Sladen, and the Hon. Walter Rothschild, Major Dunn's mammals 
from Somali Land, and Mr. Robert's collection from Para. 

Of individual additions attention might be drawn to the new 
Forest Pig {Hylochcerus), discovered in British East Africa by 
Capt. R. Meinertzhagen, which formed the most interesting 
mammalian discovery since the Okapi. 

In the last three years, as in many previous ones, collections 
were constantly being contributed by the Museum's regular 
correspondents and benefactors, of whom the following may be 
VOL. n. 



18 Zoology. 

iigain specially mentioned : — ^F. W. Styan, C. B. Rickett, and 
J. D. La Touche (China); R. C. Wroughton (India) ; Dr. C. Hose 
(Borneo); T. H. Lyle (Siam); St. G. Littledale (Siberia); C. S. 
Betton, Sir A. Sharpe, R. J. Cuninghame, Major H. N. Dunn, 
Col. A. T. Sloggett, A. B. Percival, Capt. R. Crawshay, 
S. L. Hinde, J. ff. Darling, and G. L. Bates (Africa) ; E. HoUis 
(Canada) ; J. A. Wolfl&ohn, W. Foster, R. Miketta, L. DineUi 
and others (South America). 

In comparing the number of accessions with those of other 
Museums, it has to be remembered that the numbers here given 
are those of the selected registered set, and that all duplicates 
are eliminated before registration. From eight to fifteen adult 
specimens of a species from any one locality are generally thought 
sufficient to illustrate its characters, even when more are available, 
and the enormous series of individuals absorbed by some Museums, 
combined with the enumeration of all of them, duplicates or not, 
make up totals on which no true comparison with the British 
Museum numbers can be based. 

The same fact should be borne in mind by donors and col- 
lectors, who may find that the number of specimens here credited 
to them are less than the actual number originally sent. 



Alphabetical List op the more important Contributors 
TO THE Collection of Mammals. 



Note. — ^The date following the sender's name indicates the 
year when the first contribution came in from him. Many, 
perhaps the majority, of the persons here enumerated continued 
to send in collections over a long period of years. 



Edward VII. (His Majesty Ejng). [1883] 

Skulls of a Rhinoceros and two Tigers from Nepal, a Boar from 
Windsor Forest, and a number of small Mammals from Sandriugham. 
Presented. 

Aitchison (Dr, J. E. T.). [1886] 

89 Mammals collected during the African Delimitation Commission of 
1885. {See 0. Thomas, Trans. Linn. Soc. Zool. v., p. 55, 1889), and others 
from Kashmir, including the typo of Microtus aiichisoniy Miller. Pre- 
sented. 



Mammals. 19 

"Alert," H.M.S. 

See FEII.DEK, Col. H. W., and Ck)PPiNGER, Dr. R. W. 

Alexander {Capt Sir J. E.). [1838] 

A number of Mammals from Damara Land. Purchased. Include the 
types of Oeorycktts damarensis, Mctcroscelides aiexandri, and M. mda- 
fto<tf, ChrysodUcris damareMts, and Chraphiurus elegans^ all described by 
Ogilby (Proc, Zool. Soc., 1838, p. 5). 

Alaton (Edwabd R.) [1876-84] 

Author of the 'Mammalia' of the **Biologia Central!- Americana," 
and of many papers on Mammals. 

110 small Mammals from various localities ; mostly European. Pre- 
sented. 

American Mnseom of Natural History, New York. 

[1902] 
71 Mammals from the Western United States and from Santa Marta, 

Colombia. Beceived in exchange. 

Includes representative specimens of a number of species described by 

Dr. J. A. Allen. 

Anderson {Br. John). [1876] 

Formerly Director of the Indian Museum, Calcutta. 

Author of '* Zoology of the Yunnan Expedition,** the " Mammals of 
Egypt" (in conjunction with W. E. de Winton), and of many separate 
p^)ers on Mammals. 

346 Mammals from India, Arabia and Egypt Presented after his 
death by Mrs. Anderson. 

During the latter part of his life Dr. Anderson carried out a systematic 
investigation of the Egyptian Faima, and the whole of the specimens so 
obtained have been presented to the Museum. 

Andersson (C. J.). [1852] 

Traveller in South-Eastem Africa, and author of " Lake Ngami,** 1856, 
and other works. 

35 small Mammals from Namaqua Land and Damara Land, including 
the types of several new species. Purchased. 

Other Damara Land specimens were received in the Tomes collection. 

Andre (K). [1900] 

101 Mammals from Venezuela and Panama, including the types jof 
Eekimys panamensis, Thos., and Zygodontomys tkomoLsi, Allen. Pur- 
chased. 

Andrews (Dr. C. W.). [1899] 

Assistant in the Geological Department. 

51 Mammals from Chnstmas Island, forming the basis of the Mammal 
part of his Monograph of Island (1900), and including the type of 
FipUtrdltu murrayi, Andr. Presented by Sir John Murray, K.C.B. 

Specimens from Egypt and elsewhere were presented by Dr. Andrews. 

Ansorge (Dr. W. J.). [1896] 

68 Mammal g from Uganda and the Niger, including the types of 
Lo]^romy8 ansorget, De Winton. Presented and purchased. 

145 Mammals from Angola, including 9 types. Purchased. 

o 2 



20 Zoology. 

Arce (E.). [1869.J 

A number of Mammals from Yeragua and Panama, including the 
types of various species described by Dr. Gray. 

Audubon (J. J*.). [1846] 

Joint author with the Rev. John Bachman of " The Quadrupeds of 
North America," 1854. 

Nine large Mammals from North America. Presented. 

Others presented by him to the Zoological Society, were transferred 
with their Museum in 1855. 

Bachman (Dr, John). [1838] 

Author, in conjunction with J. J. Audubon, of the *' Quadrupeds of 
North America,*' 1854. 

A considerable number of Mammals from N. America, some presented 
direct, others through the Zoological Society, from whose Museum they 
were transferred in 1855. 

The types of many of the species described by Dr. Bachman are 
among these specimens. 

Baden-Powell (Sir Geobob), Bart [1891] 

18 skulls and skins of seals and other animals from Bering Sea, 
obtained during the Seal Commission of 1891. Presented. 

Baikie {Br. W. B.). [1862] 

Author of " Narrative of an Exploring Voyage up the Rivers Kwora 
and Binue (commonly known as the Niger and Tsadda), in 1854." 

19 Mammals collected during the Niger Expedition. Purchased. 

Baker (Joseph). [1839] 

31 British Mammals, from Melboum, Cambridgeshire. Presented. 

Baker {Sir Samubl). [1874] 

African traveller, sportsman, and writer. 

Skulls of African Elephant and Hippopotamus, and the typical skin of 
Ghuy's Heterohyrax hakeri. Presented. 

Bangs (Outbam). [1895] 

45 small MammiEds from North America, including paratypes of many 
species described by him. 

Barclay (Theo. C). [1899] 

15 Mammals from Sumatra. Presented. 

Bamston (Geobgb). [1843] 

Author of papers on the "Natural History of Hudson's Bay,'* 
1841-61. 

9 Mftmrnitla from Osuaburg, Hudson's Bay. Presented. 

Barrett-HamUton {Capt. G. E. H.). [1897] 

13 Mammals obtained during the Bering Sea Seal Commission of 1896, 

and 111 collected in the Orange River Colony duriog the Boer war. 

Apart from the donation of specimens, Capt. Barrett-Hamilton has 

rendered very important service to the Museum by the help he has given 

in working out collectious and describing new species from the Palsarctic 

Region. 



Mammals. 21 

Bartlett (Edwabd). [1866] 

66 Mammals from the Rirer Ucayali and other parts of the Upper 
Amazons, also from Surinam. Purchased. 

Among others the skeleton of the rare Dolphin Inia ffeoffrayi, and the 
types of Ateles hariletti. Gray, Proech%my$ brevicauda and ferruginem^ 
G^th., and Zygodontamys microiinu$,Thos., were obtained by Mr. Bartlett. 

Bate (Ifw D. M. A.). [1903] 

51 Mammals from Cyprus, including the type of Acomys nesiotesy Bate. 
See Bate, P.Z.S., 1903, ii., p. 341. 

Bates (G. L.). [1896] 

402 Mammals from the Cameroons and the French Congo, including 
the types of a number of remarkable new forms, such as Anomalwui 
ktfeit, Funiiciurtu mystax, &c., described by W. E. de Winton. Pre- 
sented and purchased. 

Bates (H. W.). [1856] 

Author of " The Naturalist on the River Amazon," 1863. 

Mammals from different parts of the Amazons, and among others the 
types of the Amazonian Dolphin (Sotalia tucuxi. Gray). Purchased. 

A number of bats received in the Tomes collection. 

Batty (J. H.). [1899] 

56 Mammals from Call, Colombia, including the types of Co^uromys 
pyrrhus^ Thos., and Marmosa caucM, Thos. Presented by Oldfield 
Thomas. 

Also 160 from the Islands W. of Panama, including the tjrpes of 
OdocoiUus rotfuchUdi, Diddphis hcUtyi, and others. Presented by the 
Hon. W. Rothschild. 

See Thomas, Novit ZooL, ix., p. 135, 1902, and x., p. 39, 1903. 

Beddome {Col. R. H.). [1880] 

24 Mammals from Southern India, mostly from the Nilgiri Hills. 
Presented, either direct, through Sir Walter Elliot or Dr. W. T. Blanford. 

Including the type of Mus Han/ordi, Thos. 

Bedford (Hbbbrakd Abthub Russell, llth Duke of), K.G., 
President of the Zoological Society, and H.G. The Dnchess 
of Bedford. 

3d Mammals, mostly large, from different parts of the world. 

The Museum owes to the Duke and Duchess of Bedford a considerable 
number of admirable specimens of Mammals, suitable for mounting, from 
their private menagerie at Wobum Abbey. In the recent rearrangement 
of the exhibited series these specimens, in good condition, have proved 
of very great service. 

Among others the types of Alces bed/orduB, Cervus hedfordianus^ and 
C. tatnsttxki have been presented. 

His Grace also contributed towards the expenses of the Seimund 
Expedition to Fernando Po, and other expeditions now in progress. 

Belcher (Cdpi. Sir E.), R.N. [1842] 

51 Mammals obtained during the exploring voyage of H.M.S. Sulphur, 
183^-42, and described by Dr. Gray in the Mammalia part of the 
"Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Sulphur,'' 1844. 

Among others the type of the remarkable Bat, Centurio senac. Gray, 
was contained in this series. • 



22 Zoology. 

Bennett {Dr, George), of Sydney. [1837] 

A number of animals from New South Wales referred to by G. R. 
Waterhouse, Dr. Gray, and others in the Proc. Zool. Soc., London, and 
elsewhere. 

Bennett (Dr. George F.), son of the foregoing. 

16 Mammals from Port Stevens, New South Wales. Presented. 

Betton (C. Stuart). [1897] 

86 Mammals from British East Africa, collected during the con- 
struction of the Uganda Railway. Presented. 

Including types of Genetta bettoni and Pedetes surdaster, Thos. 

Biddulph {Col John). [1875] 

29 Mammals from Yarkand and other parts of Central Asia, including 
the types of Ochotona ladacensis and macrotisy Lepus yarkandensis and 
pamireTisis, Giinther. Presented. 

Bingham {Col C. T.). [1882] 
Mammals from Tenasserim. Presented. 

Blackler (W. G.). [1903] 

13 Mammals from Smyrna, including the types of Meriones blackleri 
and Mu8 smymensis. Presented. 

Blanford {Dr. W. T.). [1862] 

Naturalist to the Abyssinian Expedition of 1868; Deputy Superin- 
tendent of the (reological Survey of India, and Author of ''The Geology 
and Zoology of Abyssinia," 1870; "Eastern Persia," 1876; "The 
ManmoAls of India," 1887-91, and a large number of papers on Indian 
Mammals. 

Specimens from Abyssinia, presented by the Viceroy and Council of 
India, and including the material on which Mr. Blanford's work on 
Abyssinia was based. Includes the type of Lepus tigrensis. 

Specimens from Persia, illustrating " Eastern Persia,'* and including 
types of Vulpes canus, Meles canescens, Mus arianus, OerbiUus nanus, 
Myoxus pietusy described in that work. 

About 450 Mammals from India, mostly referred to in the " Fauna of 
British India,*' and including the types of Microtus wynnei, Blanf., 
Crocidura Jeucogenys, Dobs., Chimarrogah sikimensis, De Wint, 
Frionodon maculosuSf Blanf., and others. Presented. 

Dr. Blanford was one of the most generous donors to the National 
Museum, and has also rendered it great service by working out collections 
and by stimulating other naturalists to contribute. 

Blyth (Edward). [1865] 

Curator of the Museum of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta, 
and author of a large number of papers on Indian and African Mammals. 

22 Mammals from India, including typical specimens of Sciurus 
phayreif Blyth, S. berdmoreiy Blyth, and Flatacantkomys lasiurusj Bl3rth. 
Presented. 

Also the typical horns of Buhalis majors Blyth, from West Africa. 
Purchased. 

Bock (Carl). [1879] 

29 Mammals from Sumatra. Purchased. 



Mammals. 23 

Bonhote (J. Lewis). [1899] 

32 Mammals from various localities, mostly from the Bahamas. 
Pmented. 

The Museum is also indebted to Mr. Bonhote for much assistance in 
working out recent accessions from the Oriental region. 

Boys {Capt. W. J. K). [1848] 

64 Mammals from India. Purchased. 
Bricefio (S.). [1898] 

127 Mammals from Merida, Venezuela, including the types of a large 
number of species and sub-species. PreseDted by Oldfield Thomas or 
purchased. 

Seiior Bricefio has lived many years at Merida, and has sent to 
England representatiyes of nearly aU the Mammalian fauna, most of which 
have on arrival proved to need descri|>tion. The most notable species 
discovered by him are Nasua o, meridensis, Oryzamys flavicans, 0. meri" 
den$u and O. vestitiu^ RhipidomyB venezuelm and R, venusiu$, Marmosa 
dryas, M. marica and M./uscata. 

Bridges (Thoxas). [1843] 

254 Mammals, mostly small, from Chili, Bolivia, and Argentina. 
Purchased, either direct from Mr. Bridges, or from his agent, H. Cuming, 
or received with the Zoological Society's Museum. 

After Darwin, Mr. Bridges was the first English naturalist to collect 
systematically the small Mammals of South America. He obtained 
considerable series of many obscure species, making at the same time 
most careful observations on their distribution and habits. Unfortunately 
owing to the lax ideas about geography then prevalent, his specimens 
were simply recorded as being from " Chili," and their exact nabitats, 
with a few exceptions, were lost. 

The specimens were worked out by Mr. G. B. Waterhouse, then 
Curator of the Zoological Society's Museimi, by whom many new and 
interesting forms were described. The Rodent volume of Mr. Water- 
house's '* Natural History of the Mammalia " (1848) refers constantly to 
Mr. Bridges's specimens and observations. 

Of the many types in the Bridges collection the most notable are 
those of Ikuypus velleroBtUf Octodon hridgesiif Aconmmys ftuau, 
Ctenomys hrasilieMis and C, lewodon^ and Cavia holivicnsis. 

Some letters by Mr. Bridges recording his observations are published 
in the 'Proceedings' of the Zoological Society for 1841, p. 93; 1843, 
pi 129 ; 1844, p. 153 ; and 1846, p. 7. 

Brooke {Sir Douglas), Bart. [1895] 

28 specimens, being a selection from the Mammals in the coUection 
formed by his father. Sir Victor Brooke, and including the types of 
Oarxnu mesopotamicus, Brooke, and Cephalaphus hrookei, Thos. Presented. 

Brooke (Sir J.), Rajah of Sarawak. [1845] 

18 'M'<fcTnTnftlg from Sarawak, including, among others, the specimens 
of the "Lesser Orang," Simia morio^ described by Prof. Owen. 
Presented. 

Brookes's Musenm. [1829] 

Unfortunately but few specimens can be identified as having come 
from '* Brookes's Museum," of which a catalogue was published in 1829. 
Among thfifle is the type of Adlo euvteri^ Leach. 



24 Zoology. 

Brown (Befo. Gbobgb). [1877] 

Missionary in Now Ireland* 

41 Mammals from the Duke of York Islands, New Britain, and New 
Ireland (now the Bismarck Archipell^B;o), being the materials on which 
Dr. Dobson's and Mr. Alston's papers in the 'Proceedings' of the 
Zoological Society for 1877 and 1878 were founded. They include the 
types of Rousettus hrachyotist Dobs., Cephalotes major^ Dobs., Mdony^ 
cteria mdanopSf Dobs., Mctcropus lugens, Alst., Uromys ru/escens, Alst, 
and Mfts browni, Alst. 

Buckley (Clabbnce). [1872] 

97 Mammals from Ecuador. Purchased. 

These include a number of specimens described by Dr. Gray at 
various times, and also the materials of a special paper by 0. Thomas 
(Proc. ZooL Soc., 1880, p. 393). 

Among the types included are those of Tremarcios omatus majori^ 
Nasua quichua^ Bassaricyon alleni^ Thos., Tapirw leucogenys, T, enig- 
tncUicus and T. ecuadorensis. Gray, TcUu pastasm, Thos. 

Budapest, Hungarian National Museum. [1894] 
74 small Mammals from Hungary. Received in exchange. 

BuUer {Dr. A. C). [1892] 

174 Manmials from Mexico, mostly from Jalisco, including the types 
of Oeomys hutteri, Thos., and Bhogeessa alleni, Thos. Purchased. 

Bullock's Museum. [About 1820] 

Some few specimens, but unfortunately very few, were purchased at 
the sale of ''Bullock's Museum," which existed in London during the 
early years of last century, and contained many specimens describ^ by 
early writers on Mammals. The majority of the animals were dispersed 
abroad, many interesting and historical specimens being thereby lost. 
An accoimt of the contents is given in the *' Companion to Mr. Bullock's 
London Museum," 1812. Seepostea^ p. 208. 

Of those that can be identified, the most notable is the typical scalp 
and horns of Addax na8omacuJ<itu8f described by De Blain^le when in 
England in 1816. 

Burchell {Dr. William J.). [1817] 

A nimiber of Mammals obtained by this famous traveller during his 
explorations in South Africa, and referred to in his "Travels in the 
Interior of Southern Africa," 1822-1824. 

*' A list of quadrupeds brought by Mr. Burchell from Southern Africa 
and presented by him to the British Museum on the 30th of September, 
1817," was published in pamphlet form about 1818, and contains a list of 
the specimens, their exact localities, dates, and native names. Many of 
Burchell's specimens were spoilt, owing to defective methods of conserva- 
tion ; but others are still preserved, or at least their skulls and horns. 
The most interesting still existing is the type of the Brindled Gnu 
(Connochmtet tauriniUy Burch.), and the frontlet of that of the Sassaby 
(Damdltscue lunattUf Burch.). The type of Equus hwrchelU^ (^ray, has 
unfortunately disappeared. 

Burnett {Sir William), and Fitzroy {Capt R.), BJS. 
See Dabwin, Ghablbs. 



Mammals. 25 

Bnrton {Sir Bichard F.). [1862] 

45 Mammals from the Cameroons and other localities. Presented and 
purchased. 

The famous traveller, Sir R. Burton, collected specimens wherever he 
hsd the opportunity. He obtained many rare and interesting forms, 
UDong which may be mentioned the types of Sciurus isabella, Gray, 
and Mu8 burtoni^ Thos. 

Butter (A. L.). [1898] 

29 Mammals from the Malay Peninsula and the Soudan. Presented. 
Butter (A. E.). 

An albino Reindeer from British Columbia and the type of a new 
GazeUe ((?. soemmerringii hutteri) from N.E. Africa. 

Biittikofer (Dr. J.). [1887] 

Autiior of "Reisebilder aus Liberia" (1890). 

7 Mammals from Liberia, including examples of the rare Pigmy 
Hippopotamus (E. liberiensis), Striped Duiker {CepTuUophus dorim\ and 
the type of Jentink's Duiker (Cephalophus jerUinki^ Thos.). Purchased. 

Cap Horn, Mission Scientifique de. [1885] 

8 small Mammals collected by the French Transit of Venus Expe- 
pedition of 1882-1883; described by 0. Thomas in Mihie-Edwards's 
" Mission Scientifique de Cap Horn " (Comptes Kendus, xcvii., p. 1343, 
1884). Presented by the Paris Museum. 

Caracciolo (H.). [1889] 

45 Bats and other Mammals from Trinidad, including the types of 
Vampyrops caraoeioU and Oalera barhara trinitatis. Presented. 

Cavendish (H. S. H.). [1898] 

Specimens of large Mammals obtained during his expedition to Lake 
Bodolf in 1897, including the type of Madoqua cavendishif Thos. 
Presented. 

''Challenger/' H.M.S.; Voyage of the. [1880] 

83 Mammals collected on the surveying voyage of the Chdllengtr 
Presented by the Lords of the Treasury. 

Chapman (Frank M.). [1897] 

86 Mammals from Jalapa, Mexico, including paratypes of severa 
species described by Allen and Chapman, and the type of Oryzomys 
oiapmani, Thos. Purchased. See Allen, J. A., and Chapman, F. M., 
*«(hi a collection of Mammals from Jalapa, Mexico" (Bull. Am. Mus. 
N. H., ix., p. 197, 1897). 

Also 18 from Trinidad, being part of the material used by the same 
authors in working oat the Mammals of that island. Presented by 
Oldfield Thomas. 

Charlton (Andbew). [1846] 

8 Mammals from Malacca, including the type of Pteromys punetcUtu 
Gray. Presented. 

Cheeseman (T. R). [1885] 

30 skulls of Maoris. Presented. 

** From a Maori burial-cave called Maunu, in the Whangarei district. ' 



26 Zoology. 

Cherrie (G. K). [1898] 

97 Mammals from the Orinoco and Cayenne, including the types of 
Proechimys cherriei, Loncheres punctatus^ Peramys orinoci^ and other 
new species. Presented by Oldfield Thomas. 

Chicago, Field Colombian Mnseam. [1902] 

140 Mammals from western United States. Received in exchange. 
Including representative specimens of species described by the curator, 

Prof. D. G. Elliot. 

ChUd (Geo. D.). [1895] 

164 Mammals from the neighbourhood of Bogota, being the first 
specimens received from that region and including the types of a large 
number of new species described by the donor. The most notable of 
these is the interesting Cmnolestes ohBcurus, on which was based, "On 
CmnolesteSf a still existing survivor of the Epanorthidae of Ameghino, 
and the representative of a new family of recent Marsupials *' (Proc. Zool. 
Soc., 1895, p. 870). Presented by Oldfield Thomas. 

Christiania Museum. [1884] 

83 specimens from Norway, South Africa, and Australia, many of the 
latter collected by Dr. Carl Lumholtz and Dr. Dahl, being typical 
examples of species described by Dr. Robert Collett, the Director. 
Received in exchange. 

Christy (Dr. Cuthbbbt). [1899] 
16 Mammals from the Niger. Presented. 

Clapperton (Cavt. H.), B.K, and Denham (Col D.). 

[About 1825] 

A few specimens from their expedition to Lake Tchad in 1822-1824. 
Presented. 

Clarke (T. W. H.). [1891] 

A series of Antelopes and other animals from Somali Land, including 
the type of the Dibatag (Ammodorcas darkei, Thos.). Presented. 

Cobbe (LieuL-Col). [1837] 

About 60 Indian Mammals. 

Purchased at Christie^s, " at the sale of the late Lieut.-CoL Cobbe, 
Political Agent at Moorshedabad " (Bengal). 

Cock (Capt. Hubebt), B,A. [1904] 

22 Mammals from Northern Nigeria. Presented. 

Coolidge (Dane). [1898] 

180 Mammals from the extremity of Lower California. Purchased 
through Mr. W. W. Price. 

A most important collection from a locality previously quite unrepre- 
sented in the Museum. The types of thirteen new species are included, 
the most notable being those of Dasypterus xanthtnm, Thos., Myotis 
peninstUaris, Mill., Lynx peninsularis, Thos., Peromyscus coolidgei, and 
jP. eva, Thos., Oryzomys peninsula, Thos., Lepus peninsularis, Allen, 
and Odocoileus hemionus pentnstUm, Lydekker. 

Also 30 specimens from California. Presented by Oldfield Thomas. 



Mammals. 27 

Copenhagen Miisemn. [1888] 

37 specimens from Lagoa Santa, Brazil, typical examples of species 
described by Drs. {^und and Winge. Received in exchange. 

Coppinger {Dr. R. W.), B.N. [1879] 

49 Mammals collected during the surveying voyage of H.M.8. Alert 
round Patagonia and among the South Sea Islands. Presented by tiie 
Lords of the Admiralty. 

Including the types of Oryzomya coppingeri^ Thos., and OxymycUnu 
lanotus, Thos. See Proc Zool. Soc., 1881, p. 3, and " Zoological Collec- 
tions of H Ji.S. Alert,"* 1884, published by the Trustees. 

Cowan {Bev. W. Deans). [1882] 

34 Mammals from the Ankafina Forest, Eastern Betsileo, Madagascar. 
Purchased. 

Included types of Microgale (g. n.) cowani and M, lovigicaudata, Thos. 

Crawford (James Ludovic Lindsay, 26<A Earl of). 

22 Manmials from different localities, and a number of human remaina 
from Easter Island, collected by Mr. M. J. NicoU during the voyage of the 
Valhalla. Presented. 

Crawshay {Capt. R.). [1895] 

30 Mammals from Nyasa Land and East Africa, including types of 
J^nA craw$ha^, Pocock, Kobm crawshayi, Sclater, LepuB crawshayi, de 
Winton, and other new species. Presented. 

Croealey (A.). [1870] 

133 Mammals from Madagascar and the Cameroons. Purchased. 

Including the types of Propithecus holomelas, Giinth., Chirogdle 
triehotisj Giinth., Brachytarwmys cUhicauda^ Giinth., Eteoclea ntgricepa, 

Gunth. 

Cumberland {Major C. S.). [1892] 

A series of big game animals from Central Asia. Presented. 

Cuming (Hugh). [1842] 

36 Mammals from the Philippine Islands. Purchased. 

Among others the t3rpe8 of Phlxomys (g. n.) cumingi, Waterh., and 
of several Bats described Proc. Zool. Soc., 1843, p. 66, are included. 

Cnninghame (R. J.). [1895] 

87 Mammals from Norway, Egypt, Uganda and other localities. 
Presented. 

Curry (A. W.). [1897] 

27 Mammals from Kimberley, South Africa. Presented. 
Including the type of Pronolagus curryi, Thos. 

Danford (C. G.). [1875] 

177 Manunals from Hungary and Asia Minor, the latter being the 
specimens on which the two papers on the Mammals of Asia Minor, by 
C. G. Danford and E. B. Alston (Proc. ZooL Soc. 1877, p. 270, and 1880, 
pw 50) were based. 

Among others the types of Mus mystacinus, Danf. and Alst., Mu$ 
tylvattcus tauricus, Barrett-Hamilton, Microtus gttentheri, Danf. and 
Alst, are included. Purchased and presented. 



28 Zoology. 

Darling (J. fpolliott). [1895] 

93 small Mammals from Mashoiia Land, including the types of a 
number of new species, such as Oeorychus darlingi, Thos., Oraphiurua 
nanus, de Wint., Mus chrysaphilus, de Wint., Saccostomus moihonm, de 
Wint. (see de Winton ** On Kodents from Mashonaland, collected by Mr. 
J. flolliott Darling," Proc Zool. ISoc., 1896, p. 798). 

Darwin (Chables). [1837] 

A number of specimens collected by Charles Darwin during the 
famous voyage of the Beagle, and describe by Mr. G. H. Waterhouse in 
the " Zoology of the Voyage of the Beagle^ Part II., Mammalia, 1838- 
1839. Presented by Sir W. Burnett and Captain Fitzroy, R.N. 

The greater number of the specimens obtained during that voyage 
were, however, given to the Zoological Society's Museum, from which 
they were transferred in 1855. 

The specimens received from these two sources were the originals of 
the many descriptions published by Mr. Waterhouse in the * Proceedings ' 
of the Zoological Society for 1837, and later on in the above-mentioned 
work. They have formed the nucleus of tlie fine collection of South 
American Mammals in the British Museum, and, from the bearing they 
have had on the subsequent study of the subject, constituted one of the 
most important accessions the Museum has ever received. 

It w^as on these specimens that Mr. Waterhouse founded his classical 
grouping of the American Muridae, and they have still constantly to be 
referred to in all questions connected with the classification of the group. 

Among others, the type specimens of the typical species ofReithrodon, 
Soapteromys, Chcymyctenis, Ahrothrix, PhyllotU, Jlesperomys, Abrocoma, 
and Schizodon, are in this famous collection. 

David (Abb£ Abhand). [1882] 

12 Mammals collected in China, representing species described by 
Prof. A. Milne-Edwards. 

Including the type of Mus edivardsi, Thos. Received in exchange 
from the Paris Museum. 

Davies {Lieut. Daybell), BJV. [1887] 

Head-akin of the Southern Sea-Lion (Otaria juhcUa) from An'ca, Peru, 
and a skull from Coquimbo, Chili. Presented. 

Deasy (Capi. H. H. P.). [1897] 

16 small Mammals from West«m Tibet, including examples of the 
rare EuchoretUes wuo, W. Scl., and types of Microtus lama, and Dipus 
deasyi, Barrett-Hamilton. 

Degen (K). [1902] 

62 Mammals from Abyssinia. 

The collection made in Abyssinia by Mr. Degen contained a number 
of interesting new species, mostly coming from Lake Tsana, a locality 
unexplored zoologically since the time of Dr. Blippell. 

The most notable of the new forms are the Lake Tsana Otter (Lutra 
capensis meneleki)^ Fdomys harringtoni, Otomys degeni, and Lepus 
fagani. 

See Thomas, Proc. Zool. Soc., 1902, p. 308. 



Mammals. 29 

Delamere (Hugh Cholmondelt, 3rd Lord). [1899] 

101 MammalB from Somaliland and East Africa, obtained daring hii 
expeditions of 1896-1897. Presented. 

Including the types of Galago gallarum^ Thos., Macra$celides ddamerei^ 
Thos., and Tragelaphtu ddamerei, Pocock. 

Derby (Edwabd, I3th Earl of). [1841] 

145 MamTnalfl from various localities — mostly Africa. 
From 1841 onwards the ISth Earl of Derby was a constant con- 
tributor to the Museum, giving numbers of specimens which had lived 
in his men^^erie at Knowsley, besides presenting others obtained by 
collectors sent abroad. The two most notable of the latter were Mr. 
Borke, who made an expedition into Central South Africa for specimens, 
and brought back both a number of live animals for Knowsley, and many 
large Mammal skins for mounting, presented in 1842 to the Museum ; 
and Mr. Whitfield, who went to the Gambia on the same errand, and 
discovered there a number of new species described by Dr. Chay — among 
others Lord Derby's Eland — Taurotragus cierManiis, Gray. A number 
of specimens collected by Mr. MacGilllvray during the voyage of the 
Fly were also presented by Lord Derby. 

Gray's work " Gleanings from the Knowsley Menagerie," 2 vols., fol., 
1846-1850, was based partly on the animals living in Lord Derby's 
collection at Knowsley, and partly on Museum specimens. 

de Winton (W. E.). 

23 Mammals from England and Wales. Presented. 

The specimens actually presented by Mr. de Winton are no index to 
the services he has rendered to the National Museum, for he has taken 
great pains in obtaining and stimulating collectors, who have sent their 
specimens direct to the Museum without his name appearing as donor. 

He has also been of very material service to the Museum by the help 
he has given in working out and describing African Mammals, of which 
he has made a special study. 

DineUi (L.). [1900] 

90 small Mammals from Tucuman, including the types of Ctenomys 
tueumanuSf Myotis dineUii and MarmoM cindertUa^ Thos. Presented 
by Oldfield Thomas. 

Dobson {8urg,-0en, G. E.), B.A,M.a [1874] 

Author of '' Catalogue of Ghiroptera in the BritLsh Museum," 1878 ; 

" Catalogue of Asiatic Chiroptera in the Indian Museum, Calcutta," 1876 ; 

and •* l£»nograph of the Insectivora," 1882-1890. 

167 Bats and other small mammals from different parts of the world* 

Presented and exchanged. 

Dodflon (W.). [1899] 

125 MiiTTiTnAlu from the neighbourhood of Aden^ including the type of 
Papio amincuSf Thos. Purchased. 

Collected in conjunction with Mr. A. B. Percival. See Thomas, Proc. 
ZooL Soa, 1900, p. 95. 

Doria (Mdrchese Giaoomo). 
See Gekoa, Museo Ciyioo. 



30 Zoology. 

Doubleday (Edwaed). [1839] 

17 Mammals, mostly from Wilmington, Delaware. Presented. 
Including the type of Sciunu negltctus. Gray. 

Douglas (the Hon, John). [1884] 

The mummified skeleton of a Torres Straits Islander. Presented. 

Drummond (D.). [1837] 

A numher of Mammals from North America, many of which were 
described as new by Dr. Gray. The exact localities were unfortunately 
not preserved, and many of the specimens have since been eliminated as 
worthless. 

The earliest examples seem to have been received from Sir W. J. 
Hooker, then at Glasgow, in addition to a niunber of Tasmanian 
Mammals. Later specimens were acquired by the Zoological Society, 
and were received with the latter collection in 1855. 

Du ChaiUu (Paul). [1861] 

West African traveller and writer; author of ** Explorations and 
Adventures in Equatorial Africa," 1861. 

89 Mammals from the Ghiboon, many of them described by himself 
(Proc. Boston Soc. N. H., vii., p. 363, 1860), and others, especially the 
Antelopes, by Dr. Gray. Purchased. 

Among these specimens, the first received from the Gaboon, are the 
types of Potamogah velox, Du Chaillu, Nannosciurus mintUus (Du Ghaillu) 
Cephcdophus nigri/rons and C. longiceps. Gray, besides a number of Gorillas 
and Chimpanzees, illustrating Mr. Du Gbaillu's writings on the subject. 

Also a nimiber of human skulls from the same region. 

Dnnn (SurgeonrMajor H. N.). [1900] 

90 Mammals from the Soudan and Somali Land, including examples of 
Kobus mariasf and the types of 12 new species. Presented. 

Dyson (D.). [1847] 

19 Mammals from Venezuela and Honduras, including a number of 
types of small Mammals described by Dr. Gray. 

East India Company. [1841] 

241 Mammals from various parts of India, and also a number from 
Shoa, collected by Sir W. Comwallis Harris. 

From 1841 onwards the Hon. East India Company was a frequent con- 
tributor to the collections, after its own Museum had been supplied. In 
its turn that Museum was given up in 1879, and its contents transferred 
to the British Musemn. (See below, " India Museum.") 

Baton (Bev. A. E.). [1894] 

21 small Mammals from Biskra, Algeria, including the type of 
Macroscelides deserti. Presented. 

This collection has been of the utmost service in working out later 
collections from Tripoli and Egypt. 

Egypt Exploration Committee. [1886] 

34 human and other remains from ancient tombs in Egypt Pre- 
sented. 

Many of these have been referred to by Prof. W. Flinders Petrie and 
other writers. 



Mammals. 31 

EUiot (Sir Walter). [1836] 

A series of Mammal skins from the district of Dharwar, Southern 
Bomhay (erroneously recorded as '* Madras ^ in the Museum registers and 
early published lists). Presented. 

These specimens formed the materials on which was based Sir 
Walter Elliotts ** Catalogue of the Species of Mammalia found in the 
Southern Mahratta Goimtry; with their Synonimes in the Native 
Languages in use there " (Madras Journal, x., pp. 92 and 207, 1839). 

Seymd of the species were described almost simultaneously by Qray 
in London and by Elliot in the above paper, Gray having the priority. 

Among others the types of Mui meUada, Gr&7> Oolunda dlioti^ 
Gray, and **Antilope aubA-comuttu,^ Elliot, were contained in this 
collection. 

Also seven skulls of Cetaceans from the Harbour of Vizagapatam, 
being the specimens on which Prof. Owen's paper '*0n some Indian 
Cetaoea collected by Walter Elliot, Esq." (Trans. Zool. Soc., vi., p. 17, 
pis. 3-14, 1866) was founded, and including the types of Physeter simua 
(= Ko^ hrevic^)f OrceUa hrevirostriSf Ddphinus fusi/ormis {= Lagen- 
lyrhynchus el€ctra\ Ddphinus pomegra, Sotalia gadamu^ and Sotalia 
hrUiginosa therein described and figured. 

BUiott (G. F. Scjorr). [1892] 

24 Mammals from Nigeria and Buwenzori, Equatorial Africa. 
Presented. 

Blaey (Dr. J. R.). [1857] 

20 Mammals from Port Essington and neighbouring localities, 
obtained during the North Australian expedition of 1856, and including 
the type of ConUurus hemtleucurusy Gray. Presented. 

Emin Pasha. [1882] 

145 Mammals from the Equatorial Province of Central Africa, from 
Monbuttu, and from East Africa between the Great Lakes and the coast. 
Pr^ented. 

Emin Pasha was an enthusiastic collector, and the specimens he 
obtained were the first received from the eastern parts of the great Congo 
forest His specimens formed the basis of two papers (Thomas, Proc. 
Zool. Soc., 1888, p. 3 ; 1890, p. 443) and many of them have been also 
described separately as further material accumulated. 

The most notable of the species discovered by Emin are Anomdlurus 
pusillus, Thos., Gerbillus emini, Thos., Malacamys centralis^ de Wint. 
Sdurua akkoy de Wint., Oeorychiu Ischei, Thos., Atherura centralis^ 
Thos. 

The two skeletons of Congo Pigmies, or "Akkas," described by 
Sir W. H. Flower (J. Anthrop. Inst., 1888), were also contained in this 
collection. 

Esler (H). [1871] 

54 Mammals from Bogos Land, including the type of Bvhalis tora^ 
Gray. Purchased. 

Euphrates Expedition. [1850] 

Under the command of Sir George Chesney. 

12 Mammals obtained during the expedition, and including the type 
of AUadaga euphratica, Thos. Presented. 



32 Zoology. 

Everett (Alfred H. L.). [1872] 

498 Maiumals from Borneo, Celebes, the Natuna Islands, and the 
Philippines. Purchased and presented. 

Mr. Everett was an enthusiastic naturalist, and during the. long 
series of years he lived in Borneo made many important expeditions to 
neighbouring islands and to the different moimtains of Borneo, where he 
was the discoverer of a very considerable number of new forms. Of 
these may be specially mentioned : Semnopithecus everetti, 8, natunm, and 
sdbanuSf Thos. ; Fipistrellua stenoptenu. Dobs. ; Edictis everetti^ Thos. ; 
Olyphotes (g. n.) simuSf Thos. ; SciuropUrus nigripes, Thos. ; Sciurus 
everettif Thos. ; Mus everetti, Giinth. ; Bystrix pumUay Giinth. 

Falconer {Dr. Hugh). [1846] 

The typical skull and horns of Cervus cashmerianus^ Falc, from 
Kashmir. Presented. 

PeUden (CbZ. H. W.). [1877] 

11 Mammals from various localities, including some obtained in the 
Arctic region during the cruise of H.M.S. Alert in 1876. 

Fellows (Sir Charles). [1844] 

8 Mammals from Asia Minor. Presented. 

Ferguson (H. S.). [1894] 

Director of the (Government Museum, Tiivandrum, Travancore. 
82 Mammals from Travancore. Presented. 

Finsch {Br. Otto). [1878] 

35 Mammals from Eastern Siberia, obtained during the expedition 
organised by the Geographical Society of Bremen in 1878. Purchased. 

Fitzroy (Gapt. R.), B.N. 
See BuBNBTT, Sm Wm. 

Florence Mnsenm. [1885] 

13 Bats from different parts of Italy. Received in exchange. 

Flower {Gapt. S. S.). [1895] 

108 Mammals from India, Siam and Egypt. Presented. 

Forbes (Dr. H. O.). [1880] 

Director of the Free Public Museums, Liverpool. 

107 Mammals from various localities in the East Indian Archipelago, 
from Java to New Ghiinea. Purchased and presented, either by himsdf, 
by the British Association, or the Hoyal Society. 

Dr. Forbes carried out a nmnber of important explorations, as for 
example that to the Tenimber Islands in 1884, and discovered many 
interesting new species, among which may be noted : KerivovXa javana ; 
Nyctophilua microtis; Chiruromys forhesi ; Fseudochirus forbesi, Thos. 

Also some Mamm^ from Sokotra, collected in conjunction with 
Mr. W. B. Ogilvie-Grant. Presented by the Royal Society. 

Forbes (W. A.). [1881] 

Pra«ector to the Zoological Society. 

13 Mammals from Pemambuoo, including the type of Vampyropa 
reoifinus, Thos., and others from the Niger. INuxhased. 



Mammals. 33 

Porrer (A.). [1880] 

d4 small Mammalft from OregOD and Caliromia, the Tres Marias 
Islands, and Mazatlan and Durango, Mexico. PurchaBed from him or 
pmenied by Dr. F. Du Cane Godman. 

Cf. ^Bioh^ia Centrali-Americana," Mammals, Suppl., p. 203, and 
Proc Zod. Soc., 1882, p. 371. 

Fortnnm (C. D. E.), Trmtee. [1842] 

16 Mammals from South Australia. Presented. 

Potter (W.). [1901] 

288 Mammals from Sapucay, Paraguay. Purchased. 

The series of Mammals formed by Mr. Foster at Sapucay, not far 
from Asuncion, is of very special interest and value owing to its repre- 
senting the forms described m Azara's ^ Quadruples de Paraguay," 1801, 



and '^ Quadrdpedos del Paraguay," 1802, which were obtained in the 
Bime region. Azara's animals have received names from various compilers, 
and to these names all sorts of dififerent forms have been assigned without 
any naturalist having actual Paraguayan specimens to verify the deter- 
minations by. For such verification Mr. Foster's specimens, as being 
actual topotypes, are of the greatest service. 

Types of the following new species are also included in the series 
McimsiucerastasjA M,foster%\ Tkricomys fosteri, 

See Thomas, '^ On a Collection of Bats from Paraguay " (Ann. Mag. 
N. H. (7), viiL, p. 435, 1901). 

Frankfort Mnsenxn. 

See RupPKLL, Dr. E. 

Fraser (Louis). [1846] 

Zoological Traveller. Author of the " Zoologia Typica," 1849. 

134 Mammals from Fernando Po, Tunis and Ecuador. Purchased. 

The collections from the last-named locality were worked out by 
Mr. R. F. Tomes, and a further number of the specimens, including the 
types, have been recently received with the Tomes collection. (See Proc. 
Zool. Soc., 1858, p. 546 ; 1860, pp. 211 and 260.) 

Mr. Fraser discovered a very large nimiber of new Mammals of all 
orders, the most notable being the genus Anomalurua (Waterhouse, 
Proc. Zool. Soc, 1842, p. 124). In Ecuador he was the original discoverer 
of Cxnolegtes^ which under the pre-occupied name of Hyracodon (Tomes, 
Proc ZooL Soc, 1863, p. 50) remained a puzzle to zoologists until it was 
re-discovered in 1895. {See above, Child, G.) 

Gadow (Dr. Hans). [1903] 

61 Mammals from Mexico, including the types of three mice of the 
genus Peromyscus. Presented. 

Garlepp (G.). [1898] 

28 Mammals from the high country near Mount Sahama, Bolivia 
Presented by Oldfield Thomas. 

This was the first collection received by the Museum from the 
devated basin of Lake Titicaca, and contained the types of four new 
species, the most interesting being those of Conepatus rex, ChinchUlida 
(g. n.) 9ahamm^ and Cavia niata, Thos. 

VOL. IL D 



34 Zoology. 

Oarlepp (O.). [1898] 

62 Mammals from the neighbourhood of Guzco, Peru, includiDg the 
tjrpes of five new species. Presented by Oldfield Thomas. 

Genoa (Museo Cmco). [1869] 

296 specimens from various localities. Exchanged and presented. 

To the Museo Civico, Genoa, and its Director, the Marchese Giacomo 
Doria, the Museum is indebted for a large number of valuable specimens, 
mostly duplicates of collections worked out by 0. Thomas. Among the 
most important of these are the fine series collected by L. Fea in Burma, 
by D'Albertis, Beccari and Loria in the Papuan Archipelago, by 
Modigliani in Sumatra and the Mentawei Islands, by Antinori in Sboa, 
and by Bove, Spegazzini, and Grillo in South America. 

Oerrard(E.). [1850] 

Small Mammals from the neighbourhood of London. Presented. 

Mr. Edward Gerrard joined the Museum service in 1841 as Dr. Gray's 
special attendant, and had charge for a long period of the registration and 
arrangement of the Mammals and the preparation of the skulls and 
skeletons. He was the author of the "Catalogue of the Bones of 
Mammalia in the British Museum " (1862). 

After serving fifty-five years in the Museum, Mr. Gerrard retired in 
1896, but is still (set. 94) a frequent visitor to the Mammal Galleries. 

OiflTard {Lieut.-Col W.). [1899] 

27 Mammals from the Gold Coast, named by Mr. W. E. de Winton, 
and including the tyi)es of Crocidura giffardi, ScotophUus nigritellus 
and htrundo, and Funisciurus substriatus. 

See de Winton, " On Mammals collected by Lieut.-Col. W. Giffard in 
the Northern Territory of the Gold Coast" (Ann. Mag. N. H. (7), iv., 
p. 363, 1899). 

Oodman (F. Du Cane), D.C.B. [1873] 

Joint Editor of the " Biologia Centrali-Americana." 

156 Mammals, mostly from Central America, obtained by various 
collectors for the purposes of the "Biologia*' and worked out by E. R. Alston. 
Presented. Also a few specimens from the Azores, collected by himself, 
including the type of Fterygistes azoreum, Thos. 

Ooeldi (Dr. E. A.). [1895] 

Director of the Goeldi Museum, Para. 

22 Mammals from the Lower Amazon, including the types of 
Oryzomys goeldii, Thos., ITolochilus nanus, and Akodon fuscinus. 

Also the first recent specimen known of the rare Blarinomys (g. n.) 
breviceps from Bio Janeiro. Presented. 

Gordon {Col. T. E.), 0.8.1. [1875] 

Skull and horns of Ovis poH from the Victoria Lake. Presented. 
Specimens of Ovis kardini and Capra sibirica. Purchased. 

OoBBe(P. H.). [1847] 

Author of "The Naturalist in Jamaica" and other Natiural History 
works. 

30 Mammals from Jamaica, including specimens of the Bats of which 
he gave an account in the above work. 



Mammals. 35 

Gonld (John). [1839] 

Author of many works and papers on Australian Zoology, and 
especially of " The Mammals of Australia," 3 vols., foL, 1845-1863. 

584 Mammals, forming the famous Gould Collection and including all 
the material on which that author hased his work. The main coUection, 
consisting of 170 specimens, was purchased in 1841 for £300, hut other 
smaller sets were purchased from time to time throughout Mr. Gt)uld*s life. 
Many small and isolated sets were also presented hy Mr. GK)uld, who had 
the ^rreatest interest in the increase of the National collection. 

WiUi the exception of Mr. Brian Hodgson's Nepalese collection, this 
is perhaps the most important acquisition that the Museum has ever 
received from a private person — for Mr. Gk)uld went to Australia at a time 
when no one had studied its Mammalian fauna at all, so that the field 
was practically virgin, and he worked so successfully as to leave com- 
paratively little for later authors to do. Mr. Gk)uld collected assiduously 
himself, and also sent Messrs. J. Gilbert and F. Strange to parts of 
Australia he was unable to visit. He took especial interest in the 
^mily of the Kangaroos, as is evidenced by his "Monograph of the 
MacropodidsB " (1841-1842), and described many fine new species of that 
group. Among others his collection contains the types of such notable 
forms as Mcuropus antilopinus, M. rdbustus, M, agHis and M, stigmaticus ; 
of Petrogale IcUerdHs^ P. hrachyotis and P. concinna ; of all the species of 
OnychogdU and Lagorchestes ; of Caloprymnus campestris and Fotorous 
gUbtrii and P. plcUyops, 

It was the possession of this collection which enabled the present 
writer's " Catalogue of the Marsupialia and Monotremata,** published in 
1888, to be based on a personal study of almost every existing type of the 
various groups. 

Graham (R.). [1845] 

23 Mammals from Para, including the types of several bats described 
by Dr. Gray. 

Grahamstown, Albany Mnseom. [1897] 

86 Mammals from the neif^hbourhood of Grahamstown. Presented 
through Dr. S. Schonland, the Curator. 

Grant (W. K. Oqilyie), Amslant [1882] 

74 Mammals from Scotland, the Salvage Islands, Sokotra^ the Azores, 
and elsewhere. Presented. 

Gray (Capt. A.). [1881] 

Mammals from the Arctic Seas, including foetal specimens of several 
Seals and Cetaceans. Presented. 

Gray (Dr, J. K), (1800-1875). [1840] 

Assistant in the Department, 1824-40; Keeper, 1840-76. 
Mammals from various localities. Presented. 

To Dr. Gray the growth of the Mammal collection in early years is 
almost wholly due. His first years in the Museum were more occupied 
with shells than with Man^mals, but about 1836 he began to take up the 
latter group, and from that date a ceaseless flow of papers and catalogues 
00. the subject came from his pen. As may be seen by his evidence 
before the Royal Commission of 1835, he had the most advanced ideas 
ahout the growth and function of a national museum, and these ideas he 
did his best to carry out when appointed Keeper of the Department. 

D 2 



36 Zoology. 

Owing to the profufiion of his memoirs, the number of his types is enormous, 
and these types are constantly being refeiTed to and must remain of priceless 
value. Sucn mistakes as he made — and no man has been more abused — 
were due to his excess of energy and his consequently trying to do too much 
with insufficient material and help, and this in the face of considerable 
opposition from the more official departments of the Museum. In spite, 
therefore, of his many scientific errors, every lover of the Museum 
collection should be grateful to Dr. Gray for upholding its interests 
at a time when any slackness would have resulted in its taking a far 
inferior position to those continental rivals with which, thanks to him, it 
competed so successfully. 

Gregory (Pro/. J. W.). [1893] 

52 Mammals collected during his East African expedition of 1893, 
including the type of Thryonomys gregorianus^ Thos. Presented. 

Mammals from Spitzbergen, including the type of Vulpes L spUz" 
bergenensiSf Barrett-Hamilton and Bonhote. Presented. 

Grey (Capt. Sir Gkobge). [1840] 

99 Mammals from South Australia, of which colony Sir George Grey 
was Governor. Presented. 

Other specimens from Western Australia. 

The types of Macropus greyi, Waterhouse, and Fetrogale brachyotiSf 
GK>u1d, Mu8 greyi, Scotophiius morio^ and other species described by 
Gray, are in this collection. 

A list of the Mammals of Australia, based on the collections of Sir 
George Grey, Mr. Gunn, and Mr. Gould, was contributed to Grey's 
" Journals of two Expeditions of Discovery " (Vol. II., Appendix, p. 397 
et sqq.), 1841, by Dr. Gray. 

Gunn (Ronald). [1838] 

A number of Mammals from Tasmania. 

The collection of Mammals made and presented by Mr. Gunn was 
one of the greatest importance, nearly all the species found in the island 
being represented. 

In marsupials, especially, the collection was of the greatest value at a 
time when very few members of the order had been collected, and the 
specimens in it are constantly referred to in Waterhouse's " Marsupialia,** 
1846, and the '* Catalogue of Marsupialia and Monotremata," 1888. 

Mr. Gunn's ** Notices accompanying a collection of Quadrupeds and 
Fish from Van Diemen's Land," Ann. Mag. N. H. (1), p. 101 (1838), 
refers to his first collection, which was transmitted to the Museum by 
Sir W. J. Hooker. 

Among others the types of Ferameles gunni, Gray, and Dramicia 
lepida, Thos., are contained in Mr. Gunn's collection. 

Giinther (l>r. A.). [1859] 

Assistant, 1862 ; Keeper, 1875-1895. 

Some bats in spirit and a number of skulls of various Mammals, 
mostly from southern Germany ; 183 specimens in all. Purchased. 

Guppy (Dr. H. B.), B,N. [1883] 

38 Mammals from the Solomon Islands, collected during the surveying 
voyage of H.M.S. Lark. Presented by the Admiralty. 

^so a certain number of human crania and specimens of human hair 
from the same region. 



Mammals. 37 

Onmey (J. H.). [1855] 

27 Mammals from Monterey, California, Jamaica, Labrador, and other 
localities. Presented. 

Haast {Dr. Julius von). [1873] 

Skeletons of rare Wliales {Neobalmna marginata and Madeayius 
australis) from New Zealand. Purchased. 

Haggard (J. G.). [1885] 

H.6.M. Consul at Lamu, East Africa. 

2 skeletons of Dugongs and 3 skulls, including the type of Ourelna 
haggardiy Thoe. Presented. 

Hardwicke (Oen. Thomas). [1835] 

Joint author with Dr. Gray of "Illustrations of Indian Zoology, 
chiefly selected from the collection of Major-General Hardwicke," fol., 
1830-1834. 

Mammals from the East Indies. Bequeathed. 

In the early days of the Museum the Hardwicke Bequest formed one 
of its most important accessions, hut being before the time of registration, 
no list of the specimens is available, and large numbers of them have 
since been eliminated. 

Besides those figured in the above-mentioned work, many species 
described by Dr. Gray were included in the collection — eg. Nesokia 
hardwiekei, Tragvlus fvlviventer^ etc. — as also were the original skull and 
horns of the Anoa (Anoa depressioomia) described by Hamilton-Smith. 

Harris (Major Sir W. Cobnwallis). [1838] 

The type-specimen of the Sable Antelope {Hippotragus niger^ Harr.). 
Purchased through Capt. Alexander. 

17 Mammals from Ankober, Shoa, collected while in the service 
of the East India Company. Presented in 1861 by the India Board. 
Among others the type of the Lesser Kudu (Strepaiceros imberbiSf Blyth) 
is in ^s series. 

Hart (J. H. C). [1877] 

32 Mammals collected in the Arctic regions during the voyage of 
HM.S. IH»eovery, 

41 small Mammals from Palestine. Presented. 

Hawker (R. McD.). [1897] 

83 Mammals obtained during his various expeditions in Somali Land 
snd N.E. Africa. Presented. 

Including the types of Lepus hawkeri and Oerbillus luUdus. See 
Thomas, Ann. Mag. N. H. (7), viii., p. 273, 1901. 

Heller (EDHUin>). [1898] 

107 MftmTnftlg from California. Purchased. 

HigginB (T.), and Petterd (W. R), of Tannania. [1887] 

15 Mj^T nTTiftlfl from Tasmania, representing species described in the 
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, 1883. Purchased and 
exebmgecL 



38 Zoology. 

Hildebrandt (J. M.). [1879] 

6 Mammals from Teita, E. Africa, iDcluding typical specimens of 
Rkinolophus hUdehrandti and Macroscdides ru/escens, Peters. Purchased. 

Hinde (S. L.). [1896] 

170 Mammals from British East Africa, mostly from Machakoe. 

Mr. Hinders important collections include the types of a number of 
new forms, of which the most notable are Scotmcits (g. n.) hindeif Lasphotis 
(g. n.) vnntonif Mus hindei and hUdegardem^ Thos. 

Hodgson (Brian H.). [1841] 

Formerly British Eesident at Ehatmandu, Nepal. 

980 Mammals from Nepal, Tibet, and Sikhim, being the material on 
which Mr. Hodgson*s many papers on Himalayan Mammals were based. 
Also a number of human skulls. Presented. 

Mr. Hodgson's collection was without doubt the finest and most 
important donation that the Museum ever received from any single 
person. This is due to the large size of the collection, the numbers of 
specimens, the accompaniment of skulls and skeletons, and above all to 
the very great number of types that are contained in it. 

So important was Mr. Hodgson's collection considered by the Trustees 
that they published, in 1846, a " Catalogue of the specimens and drawings 
of Mammalia and Birds of Nepal and Thibet presented by B. H. Hodgson, 
Esq., to the British Musemn," and a second edition in 1863, including all 
the later additions. 

Mr. Hodgson was a voluminous writer, and perhaps over-ready describer 
of species, so that the possession of the whole of the material on which he 
founded his work is of priceless value. Many of his specimens were also 
described by Gray, Horsfield, Blyth, and others. The number of types 
in the Hodgson collection is too great for enumeration, but the following 
are a few of the most notable : — Semnopithecus schistaceus, Prionodan 
pardicolor, Herpestes wrva, Vulpes ferrilatus ; several species of FtUortua ; 
a multitude of Bats, Insectivores and Rodents ; Ovis noAuro, Nemorhmdus 
hubcUtnus, Oazdla picticaudata, Porcula saJvania, Manis aurita ; and 
finally, the one Mr. Hodgson himself was most proud of, the remarkable 
Budorcas taxicolor, of the Mishmi Hills, north of Assam. 

Mr. Hodgson was fortunately far-seeing enough to realise the great 
importance of osteological collections, and to insist that the whole of his 
collections, the skulls as well as the skins, should be accepted or rejected 
together. He thus forced the authorities to countenance Dr. Gray's 
efforts to make an osteological collection, for up to that date it had been 
thought that skulls and skeletons were only suited to the College of 
Surgeons. 

Owing to carelessness about geographical details, the whole of Mr. 
Hodgson's collections were registered as from ** Nepal," but, as Dr. Scully 
has uiown, it was only the animals presented before 1847 which were really 
from Nepal, and all the later ones came from Sikhim, Mr. Hodgson having 
finally left the former country in 1844, and, after a visit to England, 
settled for some years at Darjiling. 

HoUiB (Edwin). [1901] 

102 Mammals from the Touchwood Hills, Assiniboia, Central Canada. 
Presented. 

The first modem specimens received by the Museum from this region. 



Mammals. 39 

Hook (P.). [1891] 

Examples of the rare Saddleback Seal (Hiatriophoca equestris), 

A skeleton of the Blue Whale of the Pacific (Rhachianectes glauctu). 

Purchased. 

Hooker {Sir W. J.), K.C,B. [1837] 

A small collection of Tasmanian Mammals, the first that api)ear to 
liave been received from that island. 

Hose (Charles), D,Sc. [1889] 

Author of "The Mammals of Borneo," 1893. 

441 Mammals from the Baram district of Sarawak. Presented and 
purchased. 

Like Mr. Everett^ who first encouraged him to take up the subject. 
Dr. Hose has made large collections of Mammals in Sarawak, and has 
greatly increased our knowledge of the number of species inhabiting 
Borneo. 

The types of the following species, all described by 0. Thomas, are 
among the most noteworthy of his many discoveries : SemtwpitJieaM hosei 
iDd S. crucigtr ; HemigcUe hosei ; Tupaia grticilis, T, pida, and T. mdor 
Atfra : SciuropUrus hosei ; Funamhulus hosei. 

In 1895 Dr. Hose made a collecting trip to N. Celebes, and there also 
obtained several new forms. 

Hudson's Bay Company. [1843] 
51 Mammals from N. America. Presented. 

Hnegel {Baron A. von). [1879] 

34 small Mammals from the Fiji Islands and Java, including the type 
of Mtu httegeli, Thos. 

Hume (Allan O.), C.B. [1885] 

The magnificent collection of heads and horns of Indian Buminanis 
formed by Mr. Hume during many years, including a number of record 
heads, and numbering 223 specimens. Also 371 skins of Indian 
Mamnmls, obtained in various districts with his famous collection of 
tarda, and including the types of FrionocUm maculosus, Blanf., Funam' 
hdus rufigeniSt Blanf., Mus humei, Thos., Sduropterus davisoni, Thos., 
and others. Presented. 

An account of this collection was given by 0. Thomas, Proc. Zool. 
Soc, 1886, p. 54. See also ** On some Mammals from Tenasserim,'* by 
W. T. Blanford, J.A.S.B., xlviL, p. 150, 1878. 

Hunt (Bebnabd). [1900] 

21 Mammals from Caylloma, Peru, collected at an altitude of 
12000-15000 feet. Presented. 

Hunter (H. C. V.). [1889] 

26 Manunals from East Africa, including the types of DamcUiscM 
hunterij Scl. Presented. 

Hutton {Copt. T.). [1856] 

7 Mammals from Kandahar, including typical specimens of Nesokia 
hutUmi^ Blyth, and Qerbillw erythrurus. Gray. Presented. 



40 Zoology. 

Ihering {Br. H. von). [1882] 

Writer on Brazilian Mammals, and now Director of the SSo Paulo 
Museum. 

213 Mammals from Rio Grande do Sul, including the types of 
Peramys iheringi, P, hensdiy Oxymycterus iheringi, Thoe., and others. 
Purchased. 

India Museum. [1879] 

Formerly the Museum of the Hon. East India Company. 

695 Mammals from various localities, mostly India. 

Sharing the first place in historical importance with the Museum of 
the Zoological Society, that of the East India Company, transferred to 
the British Museum in 1879, proved to be of priceless value and interest. 
The collections made in the East Indies by all the early founders of 
zoology in that part of the world were contained in it, so that its possession 
has been of the utmost service in studying the fauna of our Indian 
possessions. Of the collections it included, the most important are 
those of Dr. Thomas Horsfield, from Java, the basis of his " Zoological 
Researches in Java, 1824"; of Sir Stamford Raffles, from Sumatra; of 
Dr. T. Cantor, from the Msday Peninsula ; Col. W. H. Sykes, from the 
Dekkan; Capt. (now Sir) R. Strachey, from Eumaon; Major R. B. 
Pemberton, from Bhutan ; Mr. B. H. Hodgson, from Nepal and Sikhim ; 
Dr. John McClelland, from Assam ; Gen. T. Hardwicke ; Capt. Tytler ; 
Capt. T. Button ; Mr. Walter Griffith ; Dr. A. T. Christie, and others. 

A catalogue of the Museum, as then existing, was published in 1851 
by its Curator, Dr. T. Horsfield, and many new species were described 
therein. 

The types contained in this collection are, as may be supposed from 
the above list of authors and collectors, far too numerous to be 
enumerated here. 

Ingrain {Sir William J., Bart., and Chables). [1875] 

A number of Reindeer and Lemmings from Norway. 

Much of the success of the Robert expedition to S. Brazil (1900-2) is 
also due to Sir W. Ingram, who gave a liberal contribution towards 
its cost. 

Isaac (P. W.). [1902] 

14 Mammals from British East Africa, including a series of the 
Eastern form of the Bongo {Boocercus euryceros isaaci, Thos.). 
Presented. 

Jackson (Frederick J.), O.B., C.M.G. [1887] 

Deputy Commissioner, Uganda Protectorate. East African sportsman, 
and author of works on the Natural History of the country. 

190 Mammals from East Africa and the Uganda Protectorate, 
including tvpes of a considerable number of new species, of which the 
most notable are : BubcUis jacksoni ; Connochmies taurinua cUhaftibatus ; 
CepJudophus harveyiy Thos. ; Sciurus jacksoni, de Wint. ; Otomys jctcksoni, 
Thos. ; Bystrix gcUeata, Thos. Presented. 

The series from Mt. Elgon, on which the paper by 0. Thomas (P.Z.S., 
1891, p. 181) was based, is of especial importance. 



Mammals. 41 

Jayakar {Surgean-General A. S. G.). [1885] 

81 Mammals from Muscat, being the first obtaioed bj the Museum 
from that part of Arabia. Presented. These specimens formed the basis 
of the following paper : Thomas, •* On Mammals from Oman, S.E. Arabia," 
Proc ZooL Soc, 1894, p. 448. 

Includes the types of a remarkable new Wild Goat, Hemitmfftu 
joffokari, of QcLzeila mariea^ Procavia s, jaydkari, and Lefmt omanenns^ 
ThoB. 

Jelski {Dr. Constantinb). [1885] 

PolLih traveller and naturalist. 

46 small Mammals from Central Peru, being the basis of a paper by 
Thomas, Proc Zool. Soc., 1884, p. 447. Types of Akodon jdskii, 
Beitkrodon picius^ and others are contained in the collection. Presented 
by the Branicki Museimi, Warsaw. 

Jerdon {Surgeon-Major T. C). [1846] 
Author of •* The Mammals of India," 1867. 
68 Indian Mammals, chiefly from the Madras Presidency. Presented. 

Jesse (W). [1869] 

Natuj^ist to the Abyssinian expedition of 1868. 

17 Mammals from Abyssinia. Purchased. 

These specimens are referred to in Dr. W. T. Blan ford's work on the 
Zoology of Abyssinia. 

Johnston {Sir Habby H.), G,aM,Q., KO.B, [1883] 

770 Mammals from various parts of Africa, notably from Kilimanjaro, 
Nyasaland, and the Uganda Protectorate. Presented. 

During his career as Governor or Commissioner of British African 
Dependencies, Sir Harry Johnston has always conducted a scientific 
exploration of the countries under his charge, and presented the collections 
thus made to the National Museum. The most important of the series 
is that from Nyasa Land, on which a nimibcr of papers in the Pro- 
ceedings of the Zoological Society have been based (P.Z.S., 1892, 
p. 546 ; 1893, p. 500 ; 1894, p. 136 ; 1896, p. 788 ; 1897, p. 925), which 
include the types of Papio pruinosus^ Crocidura lixa^ Sciurtu lucifer^ 
Tkryofunnyt sdateri, Lepus whytciy Procavia johnstoni, and many 
others. 

But the best known of Sir Harry Johnston's discoveries is that of 
the Okapi (Okapia johnstonif Sclater) of the Semliki Forest, of which 
the original strips of skin and the later more perfect specimens were 
obtained and presented by him. (See E. Ray Lankester, Trans. Zool. 
Soc, xvL, p. 279, 1902.) 

Jokes {Dr. J. B.). [1844] 

Author of the " Narrative of the Surveying Voyage of H.M.S. Fly^ 
1842-46," 1847. 

30 Mammals collected in New Guinea, North Australia, and the 
islands in Torres Straits during the exploring voyage of H.M.S. Fly. 

Kalinowski (J.). [1894] 

160 Mammals from the highlands of Central Peru. Presented by or 
received in exchange from, the Branicki Museum, Warsaw, through the 
Curator, Dr. J. Stolzmann. 



42 Zoology. 

A considerable number of species were discovered by Mr. Ealinowski, 
of which the most important are Ichthyomys (g. n.) stolzmanni, Neotamys 
(g. n.) ebrioauSf JDasyproda kalinowskii, Oryzomys kalinowskii^ and 
others. 

Karachi Museum. [1880] 

37 Mammals from Sind. Received in exchange. 

Kelaart (Dr. E. F.). [1852] 

Author of the " Prodromus Faunas Zeylanicae," 1852. 

40 Manmiala from Ceylon. Others collected by Dr. Kelaart were 
received from the India Museum in 1879. 

King {Capt. P. P.). [About 1836] 

A number of specimens from Southern South America, obtained 
during the voyage of H.M.S. Adventure and Beagle^ 1826-1830. 

This collection includes the types of several Patagonian species, 
described by Dr. Gray, which came into the Museum about 1836, such 
as Cants m/ogdlanicus^ Gray, and Canis griseusy Gray, and others 
(Ctenomys TnagellanicuSy Mus nuigdlanicus, &c.) which were first given 
to the Afiiseimi of the Zoological Society, and transferred to the British 
Museum in 1855. 

Many are mentioned in the " Narrative " of the Voyage, vol. L (1839), 
by Capt. King. An imperfect catalogue is given on p. 529 of this work. 

Kirk (Dr., now Sir John), Q.CM,Q., KO.B. [1864] 

30 Mammals collected in Zambesia during the Livingstone expedition 
of 1863. (See his paper on the Mammals of Zambesia, Proc. Zool. Soc., 
1864, p. 649.) Among others the types of NesotrcLgus livingsUmiamUy 
Kirk, and Nandinia gerrardi, Thos., are in the series. 

Aliso 106 Mammals from Zanzibar and East Africa, including the 
types of Colobus kirkiiy Gray, Madoqua [kirkii, Giinth., Bhynchocyon 
dirysopygus, Giinth., Petrodromus sultan, Thos., and many others. Pre- 
sented and purchased 

Knapp (George). [1841] 

10 skins of Monkeys from Fernando Po. Presented. 

A duplicate set of some of the species described by Waterhouse 
(Proc. ZooL Soc., 1841, pp. 57-59) from specimens sent by Mr. Knapp 
to the ZoologicaJ Society's Museum. The types themselves were after- 
wards received with that collection in 1855. 

KoBlowBky (J.). [1903] 

84 Mammals from the Yalle del Lago Blanco, Chubut. Purchased. 

KrauBB (Dr. A.). [1840] 

Afterwards Director of the Stuttgart Museum. 

20 Mammals from Natal, including fine examples of the Biver Hog 
{Potamochcerus choeropotamus) and Natal Dwker {Cephalopkus ncUdlensis), 

La Plata MuBeum. [1896] 

56 Mammals from Argentina. Presented and received in exchange 
through Dr. F. P. Moreno, the Director. 



Mammals. 43 

Lataste (Fkrhand). [1881] 

Author of many papers on small Mammals, especially those of Algeria 
and Tunis. 

16 Mammals from Algeria, includiDg typical specimens of Dipodillus 
nmoni, Lat., Psamtnomys roudairei, Lat., and others. 

U Touche (J. D.). [1892] 

9d Mammals from Foochow and Fo Eien, ChiDa, and from Formosa, 
including the type of Afus latouchei. (See Thomas, Proc. ZooL Soc., 
1898, p. 769.) Presented or pmxjhasetl. 

Leigh (J. H.). [1901] 

16 Mammals from Egypt. Presented. 

Leverian Mnseuin. 

But few specimens remain that can be identified as having come from 
the Museum of Sir Ashton Lever, of which Dr. Shaw wrote a catalogue 
in 1792. 

A pair of horns of the Elk, figured in Plate YIII. of that work, is 
stiD in the collection. 

Leyden Mnseum. [1842] 

171 Mammals from the East Indian Archipelago, Japan and elsewhere. 
Purchased of Leadbeater and Frank, dealers who acted as agents for the 
Leyden Moseum. 

These specimens formed part of the material on which the valuable 
works by Miiller, Schlegel, and Tenmiinck were based, and may there- 
fore be considered co-types of species described by those authors. 

Lidth de Jeude (Dr. Th. G. van), of Utrecht. [1858] 

A few stuffed Mammals, a large number in preserving fluid, and over 
dOO skulls and skeletons. Purchased. 

These specimens, being without accurate data, were long supposed to 
be of little value, but in 1892 it was discovered, mainly from internal 
evidence, that many of them must have come originally from the 
cdlection of Albert Seba, and have been the specimens figured in his 
fdio work, ** Locupletissimi Berum Naturalium Thesauri," of which the 
first volume, dealing with the Mammals, was published in 1735. Seba's 
figures were in many instances the bases of names given by LinosBus and 
other early authors, and it follows therefore that these specimens, where 
identifiable, are the actual types of the species. Types of the following 
ffpedes are in this way determinable: Pieropus vampyrua, Linn., 
CkrysoMoris (uiaticaj Linn., Pteropus vampyrus, Linn., E!erivoula picta^ 
PalL, Didelphu philander, murines, and dorsigera, Linn., and D. brevi- 
mwiata, £rxL (See Tliomas, P.Z.S., 1892, p. 309.) Also the skeleton 
of an immature Rorqual (BcUmnoptera sibixildC), the type of Physalus 
iatirostris. Flower, P.Z.S., 1865, p. 28. 

Lilford (Thomas Littleton, 4th Lard). [1873] 

Mammals from Spain and Italy collected by himself, and others froa 
varioos parts of Europe, obtained at his expense, about 300 in all. 

The late Lord Lilford, though primarily an ornithologist, was always 
much interested in Mammals and did all in his power to assist their 
«tady. B^des collecting himself in early life in Southern Europe, he 
eoDtributed liberally towards the expenses of other collectors, giving an 
tnnual sum for this purpose. The present improved, though still very 
iooraiplete, European collection is largely due to his assistance. 



44 Zoology. 

Lisbon Musemn. [1868] 

84 Mammals from Portugiiese W. Africa, chiefly Angola. Presented 
and exchanged. 

Including typical specimens of a number of species, either described 
by the Director, Prof, ^arboza du Bocage, or worked out for him by the 
British Museum staff. The most important types and co-types are 
those of Frocavia hocageiy Gray, Macroscelides hrachyurus^ Boc., Vesperiilio 
hicolor, Boc., Steatomys hocageiy Thos. 

Littledale (St. George). [1887] 

Traveller in Central Asia. 

122 Manomals, mostly large, from the Caucasus, various parts of 
Central Asia, and Eamschatka. Presented. 

Also fine examples of the European Bison (Bison bon<Mus) shot by 
Mr. Littledale in the Caucasus. 

LivingBtone (Dr.). [1859] 

Elephants' skulls and teeth, and some small Mammals from the 
Zambesi and Kovuma, including the types of Bhynchocyon macrurus, 
Giinth., and Petrodromus rovurrue, Thos. 

Loder (Sir Edmund G.), Bart. [1894] 

The typical specimens of Oazella loderi and rvfina^ besides a number 
of smaller Mammals from Algeria. 

Loftus (Ksnnett). [1853] 

8 Mammals from Persia, being the first received from that country, 
and including the types of Herpestes persicusy Gray, and Jaculus lo/tusiy 
Blanf. 

Lord (Br. J. K). [1860] 

Author of the " Naturalist in British Columbia," 1866. 

95 Mammals from Vancouver's Island and British Columbia, coUected 
during the North American Boundary Commission. Presented by the 
Foreign Office. 

The types of Lord's Fiber osoyosensis and Lagomys minimus^ besides 
some species described by Dr. Gray, are among these specimens. 

Lovat (Simon Joseph Fbaseb, 16<A Lord). [1900] 

25 Mammals from Southern Abyssinia, including the type of 
Dendromys lovati^ de Wint. Presented by Mr. H. Weld Blundeu and 
Lord Lovat. See de Winton, Proc. Zool. Soc., 1900, p. 79. 

Low (Sir Hugh), 0.aM.G. [1847] 

62 Mammals from Borneo, the earlier ones forming the first inoportant 
collection of small Manunals from that country received by the Museum. 
Purchased. 

Among others the types of Ptilocercus lowiiy Gray, Tupaia spUndidula, 
Gray, Tupaia minor, Gunth., Sdurus lowii, Thos., Trtchys tipurc^ and 
Eystrix crassispinis, Giinth., are included. 

Lugard (Gen. Sir F. D.), B.S.O. [1894] 

7 Mammals from British East Africa and Uganda, obtained during 
bis early expeditions in those countries. Presented. 



Mammals. 45 

Lliiken (2V. Ch.). [1885] 

Director of the Copenhagen Museum* 

A complete skeleton, and a skull with two tusks, of the Narwhal 
(Monodon manoceros). Purchased. 

Lydekker (R.). [1880] 

26 skulls of large Mammals, from Kashmir and North India ; also one 
of the co-types of Eupetaurw cinereus. Presented. 

Lyle (T. H.). [1897] 

H.B.M. Vice-Consul, Nan, Siam. 

196 Mammals from Nan and other localities in Northern Siam. 
Presented. 

Including the types of Petaurista lylei, Bonh., and Lepus Miamensis^ 
Bonh. See Bonhote, Proc Zool. Soc, 1900, p. 191, 1901, p. 52, and 
1902, p. 38. 

McConneU (F. V.). [1896] 

175 Mammals from British Guiana, mostly ohtained during an expedi- 
tion hy Dr. J. J. Quelch to the Kanuku Mountains, where a number of 
new forms were discovered, notably Mesophylla (g. n.), macoonneUi^ 
Mohuus mauruSf PhyUoBtoma kUi/olium, aciurus qvelchii, and Rhipi" 
domys nitula. See Thomas, "On a coUection of Mammals from the 
Kanuku Mountains, British Guiana " (Ann. Mag. N.H. (7), viii., p. 139, 
1901). Presented. 

Macdonald {Capt. R. E.). [1865] 

The skeleton of a male Sperm Whale {Physeter macrocephalu$) from 
Stndside Bay, near Thurso, Caithness. Presented. 
This skeleton is just over fifty feet in length. 

MacFarlane {Bev. S.). [1884] 

48 human crania and 82 lower jaws from Jervis Islands, Torres 
Straits. Also some small Mammals from the same region. Purchased. 

The human skulls were described, J. Anthr. Inst., xiv., p. 328, 1885. 

MacgUlivray (John). [1841] 

Examples of Myotis daubentoni from Aberdeen Cathedral, and about 
50 Mammals from the Australian region collected during the surveying 
Toyages of H.M.S. BeraJd and H.M.S. Battlesnake. Presented by the 
Admiralty or by the Museum of Economic Geology. 

Mackinder (R J.). [1900] 

45 Mammals obtained during his expedition to Mount Kenya, British 
East Africa, in 1899, and including the types of 4 new species, the 
most notable being those of Procavia mackinderi and crawshayi. Pur- 
chased. (See Thomas, Proc. Zool. Soc., 1900, p. 173.) 

Maclear (Cape.) B.N. [1887] 

4 Mammals from Christmas Island, being the first received from that 
place, and including the types of Pteropus ncUcdis and Mus mtideari, 
(See Thomas, Proc. Zool. Soc., 1887, p. 511.) Presented by the Lords of 
the Admiralty. 



46 Zoology. 



MacLeay (W. S.). [1838] 

14 bats from Cuba. 

These were the specimens on which Gray's "Descriptions of some 
Mammalia discovered in Cuba by W. S. MacLeay, Esq." (Ann. Mag. 
N.R (1), IV., p. 1, 1839) was based. The types of Stenoderma/alcatum, 
Chilonycteris madeayi^ Nyctinomus macrotis and VespertUio cuhensiSf 
were included. 

Major (Dr. C. I. Forsyth). [1897] 

164 Mammals from Madagascar, collected during his expedition in 
1894-96. Presented by the Royal Society. 

This is by far the most important collection from Madagascar that 
the Museum has ever received, and contains the tjrpes of no less than 
14 species, mostly described by Dr. Major himself, the most notable being 
those of Oryzorictes niger, Microgale, 5 species, lAmnogaie (g. n.) mergulus^ 
Brachyuromys (g. n.) ramirohitraj and Gymnuromys (g. n.) roberti. Cf. 
Major, Proc. Zool. Soc., 1896, p. 971. 

Manning (General). [1899] 

Deputy-Commissioner for British Central Africa. 

42 Mammals from Nyasaland, mostly obtained by officers of the 
administration. Presented. 

Mansel-Pleydell (J. C). [1883] 

British Mammals from Dorsetshire, including the series of the British 
Squirrel on which the changes of pelage were worked out. (Cf. Thomas, 
Zoologist, 1896, p. 401.) Presented. 

Mantell (Dr. G.). [1841] 

A number of skulls of recent Mammals. Purchased with the famous 
Mantell collection of fossils. 

Maw {Lieut. H. L.), B.N. [1828] 

Mammals obtained during a journey across Peru and down the River 
Amazon from December, 1827 to May, 1828. Some casual references 
are made to the animals in Lieut. Maw's '* Journal of a Passage from the 
Pacific to the Atlantic," 1829. 

Among others the Skunk described by Prof. Lichstenstein of Berlin, 
during a visit to this country, as ** Mephitis amazonica*^ (Abhandl. 
Akad. Berlin, 1836, p. 275, 1838), was in this collection. 

Meek (Albert). [1895] 

105 Mammals from the D'Entrecasteaux and other groups of Islands 
in the Papuan region ; including the types of Eyomys (g. n.) meehi^ 
Anisomys (g. n.) imitator y Fogonomys pulcher, Fhalanger meeki, inter- 
castellanus, and others. Purchased. 

Meinertzhagen (Capt. R.). [1904] 

36 Mammals from British East Africa, including the typical specimens 
of the new Forest Pig {Hylochoerus meinertzhageni). Presented. 

Mexican Museum. [1889] 

27 Mammals from Vera Cruz, including the types of Lepus verm- 
erucis, and Oalera barhara senexy Thos. Received in exchange. 



Mammals. 47 

Meyer (Dr. A. B.). [1872] 

Director of the Dresden Museum. 

33 Mammals from the East ludian Archipelago, including the type 
of Uromys aruensis. Gray. Piurchased. 

Miketta (R.). [1899] 

106 Mammals from Northern Ecuador, including the types of a 
number of new species, of which the most notahle are Vampyrope 
dmalis^ Tylomys mirmj Rkipidomys drytu, Nedomys esmefxddarum^ and 
Ltfw surdaster. Purchased, or presented by Oldfield Thomas. 

Miller (Gbbbit S.), Junr. [1894] 

139 Mammals from North America, from his own collection, and 
maDy of them representing species described by himself. Presented. 

MillBon (Alyan). [1893] 

28 Mammals from Lagos and Benin, Nigeria. Presented. 

Mitchell (Sir Thomas L.). [1847] 

Australian explorer. Author of '* Three Expeditions into the Interior 
of Eastern Australia." 1838. 

23 Mammals from Eastern Australia, including the types of Conilurus 
mUcheUi, Ogilby, and Antechinomys laniger, Gould. 

Moloney {Sir C. A.). [1883] 

Governor of the Gold Coast. 

12 Mammals from the Grambia, Lagos, and elsewhere in West Africa. 
Presented. 

Including the types of Vespertilio molaneyi and OerbUlus gmcUis. 

Monckton (C. A. W.). [1904] 

15 Mammals from British New Guinea, including the types of Uromys 
moMkUmi and Mus mordax. Presented. 

Monteiro (F. R). [1864] 

10 Mammals from Angola and the CJongo. Purchased. 

Monhot. [1859] 

43 Manunals from Siam, Gamboja and Cochin China. Purchased. 

Including the types of Hylobates pUeaius, Sciurus siamensis and 
others. Other specimens — mostly bats — ^received in the Tomes collection. 
(See Gray, Proc. ZooL Soc., 1861, p 136.) 

Murray (G. R. M.). [1887] 

Keeper of Botany. 

6 Mammals from Grenada, West Indies, collected during the Eclipse 
Expedition of 1886. Presented. 

Hansen (Fritjop). [1887] 

Arctic explorer. Formerly Director of the Bergen Museum. 

The skeleton of a male Killer {Orca orca) from Norway. Purchased. 

Naylor (R. C). [1876] 

The skeleton of the well-known racer and sire "StockwelL" Pre- 
sented. 



48 Zoology. 

Nemnann (A. H.). [1893] 

11 Mammals from East Africa and Zululand, including the types 
of several interesting forms, such as Oiraffa reticulaUiy de Wint, 
Nesotroffus ztUuensis, Thos., Ocucella g, notcUa, Thos., &o. Presented. 

Newnes (iS^tV George), Bart. [1901] 

A series of the skins and skulls of Seals collected during the Antarctic 
Expedition of the Southern Cross. Presented. 

See *' Report on the Collections of Natural Hbtory made in the 
Antarctic Regions during the Voyage of the Southern Cross,** published 
by the Trustees, 1902. 

The account of the Seals was written by Captain G. E. H. Barrett- 
Hamilton and Dr. E. A. Wilson. 

OateB (E. W.). [1881] 

24 Mammals from Pegu, worked out by Dr. J. Scully. Presented. 

Oldham {Prof. T.). [1856] 

89 skulls of Indian and Malayan Mammals collected by Mr. W. 
Theobald, and presented by him to Prof. Oldham. Presented. 

Pamell (Dr. R.). [1843] 

6* Bats from Jamaica, including the co-types of Chilonycteris pamdli^ 
(Jray. Presented. 

Partridge (R.). [1842] 

Heads of male and female Nilgiri Wild Goat {Eemitragus hylocrius). 
Types of Gray's " Copra (iJcsc) warryato.** Presented. 

Patmore {Capt. C. Milnes). [1886] 

A fine specimen of the Southern Sea Lion {Otaria jubatd), and a 
separate head, from the Falkland Islands. 

Payne (George). [1884] 

13 human skulls from an Auglo-Saxon cemetery at Sittingboume. 
Presented. 

Described in the Proc. Soc. Antiquaries, Jan., 1884. 

Pearce (Robert). [1846] 

The skeleton of a Killer (Oroa orca), from Weymouth. Co-type of 
0. stenorhyncha. Gray. (Proc. Zool. Soc, 1870, p. 71.) 

Pease {Sir Alfred E.). [1901] 

17 Mammals from Southern Abyssinia, including the type of Macro* 
scelides jpeasei, Thos. Presented. (See Thomas, Ann. Mag. N. H. (7) 
VIII., p. 154, 1901.) 

Peel (C. V. A.). [1898] 

Author of " Somaliland," 1900. 

15 Mammals from Somali Land, including the types of GerhiUus imbdlis 
and pedi, de Wint. Presented. 

Pentland (J. B.). [1850] 
Traveller in the BoUvian Andes. 
G Mammals from the high Puno of Bolivia. Presented. 



Mammals. 49 

Fercival (A. B.). [1901] 

64 MammalB from British East Africa and Uganda, including the 
tjpe of a remarkable new bat (^ClctoHi (g. n.) perciwait)^ and other 
interestiDg Mammals. Presented. 

See aJko D0D6OH, W. 

Fezrens (Richard). [1894] 

98 small Mammals from GK>ya, Corrientes, Argentina, being the first 
ODill Mammals prepared in modem fashion reoeiv^ from South America. 
Presented bj Ol&eld Thomas. 

Including the types of Ctenomys perremi, Mohsaus currentiumf and 
others. 

Perth Mnaeum, WeBtem Anstralia. [1900] 

48 ^lammals from Western Australia, and from Barrow Island; 

receiyed in exchange, through the Curator, Mr. B. H. Woodward. 

The types of Jdaeropua oennnus and woodwardi^ of Feramelet 

barroicensis and of Mus ferculinus, all described by Thomas, are 

included. 

Peters {Dr. W.). [1858] 

Director of the Berlin Museum. 

12 Mammals from Mozambique and the Zambezi, collected by Dr. 
Peters, being typical specimens of species described in his " Keise nach 
Mossambique— -Saugethiere,'' 1852. Received in ezclumge. 

A number of authentically named bats from the same source received 
with the Tomes collection. 

Petherick {Consul J.). [1859] 

10 Mammals from the Bahr el Grazal and the Upper Nile, including the 
typical heads of Mrs. Gray's Waterbuck (Kobtu marim), (See Gray, 
Ann. Mag. N. H. (3X iv^ p. 296, 1869.) Purchased. 

Petrie {Prof. W. M. Flinders). [1888] 

192 skulls of mummies from Egypt, and a number of mummied 
animals, mostly cats. One of the most interesting specimeos is the skull 
of a Hartebeest {Babalis Idtvel), a species no longer inhabiting the district. 
Presented. 

Petterd (W. R). 
Sf:e HiooiNS, T. 

Phillips (E. LoRT). [1885] 

55 Mammals from Somali Land, including the tyi)cs of a number of 
new 8])ecie8, among which may be specially noticed the remarkable 
naked Ilodent-mole {ffeterocephalus phillipsi), Acomys Icniism^ Madoqua 
pkUIipst, and others. Presented. 

Pierre (M.). [1878] 

Director of the Botanic Gardens, Saigon. 

55 Mammals from Cochin China and Siam. Presented. 

Pratt (A. E.). [1898] 

6 Mammals from China, including the types of Hipjposiderus pnitti 
and Microtus chinenstSj Thos., and 6 from New Guinea. Purchased. 

38 Mammals from Valdivia, Colombia, including the type of Nectomys 
ruuuluif Thos. Presented by Oldfield Thomas. 

VOL. II. E 



50 Zoology. 

Piyer (H.). [1880] 

49 Mammals from Japan, including the type of Talpa mizura, 
Giinth. Purchased and presented. 

Pryer (W. B.). [1879] 

British Resident at Sandakan. 

11 Mammals from British North Borneo, including the type of 
Sciurus pryeri, Thos. Presented and purchased. 

Qnelch (J. J.). 

See McCoNNKLL, F. V. 

Rae (Dr. J.). [1849] 

Arctic explorer. Author of "Nairative of an Expedition to the 
Shores of the Arctic Sea in 1846 and 1847," with a list of Mammals by 
J. E. Gray, 1850. 

39 Mammals from Arctic America. Presented and purchased. 

Raffles {Sir Stamford), (1781-1826). [1830] 

Various Mammals from his East Indian collection^, mostly from 
Sumatra. Presented by Lady Raffles. 

Owing to the disastrous loss of the great mass of Sir Stamford Raffles^s 
collections by the burning of the Fame^ the specimens actually 
received in England form but an insignificant proportion of those 
obtained by the founder of the Zoological Society. Happily, besides 
those presented by Lady Raffles, Sir Stamford sent a certain number 
through Dr. Horsfield to the Museum of the East India Company, and 
these, transferred to the British Museum in 1879, help to represent the 
work he Jdd in this respect for the benefit of science. (See " Memoir of 
the Life and Public Services of T. S. Raffles," by his widow, 1830.) 

Radcliffe {Col C. Delm^). [1903] 

85 Mammals obtained during the Anglo-German Uganda Delimitation 
Commission, and including the type of Buhalua caffer rctdcliffeiajid others. 
Presented. 

See Thomas and Schwann, P.Z.S., 1904, i., p. 459. 

Rayner {Dr. P. M.). [1858] 
Surjreon of H.M.S. HeraXd. 

40 Manunals from the Fiji and other islands of the Pacific, collected 
during the voyage of H.M.S. Herald. Presented by the Admiralty. 

Reade (P. Winwood). [1863] 

Author of " Savage Africa," 1864. 

Skin and skulls of Taurotrcbgus derhianus, and a few other West 
African Mammals. Presented. 

Reeves (John Russbll). [1831] 

A number of Mammals from India and China, being the first which 
came from the latter country. The types of Felts chinensis, Helictis 
moachcUa, Paguma larvata, and Rhizomys sinensis^ (^ray, were included 
in the collection. (See Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc., 1831, p. 94.) 

RendaU {Br. Perot). [1889] 

134 Mammals from the Gambia, Nyasaland, the Transvaal, and 
Trinidad, including the types of several new sixjcies, of which the most 
notable are Vespertilio rendalli and Scotcecua alhofuscus, Thos. 



Mammals. 51 

Riehardflon {Major A. J.). 

11 Mammals, moetlj from the Transvaal and Orange River Colony, 
obtained during the Boer war. Presented. 

Richardson {Dr,^ afterwards Sir John). [1837] 

Author of " Fauna Boreali- Americana : Quadrupeds,** 1829. 

A large number of specimens, mostly from North America, presented 
it various dates, many of them representing species described by 
himself. 

Many of these specimens, as being types of early North American 
fpecies, are of the utmost interest and importance, and in the recent exact 
study of North American Mammals, have constantly had to be referred 
to for comparison with modem material 

The types of Sorex pdlustrU and 8. richardsoni, Neotoma drummondiy 
Sparmophtlus /ranklinif Rich., Futoritu longicaudata, cicognani and 
riekardtonif Bonap., and others are included in the series. 

Rickett (C. B.). [1894] 

162 Mammals from Foochow and Euatun, South-East China. Pre- 
sented. 

Including the type of MyotU ricketti^ Thos. 

Robert (Alphonsb). [1897] 

Mammals from Montauban, Switzerland, presented by himself, and 
from the Pyrenees and South- West France, presented by Oldfield Thomas. 

237 Mammals from SSo Paulo, Brazil ; 108 from Minas Geraes, and 
130 from Parana. Purchased. 

ISI from Matto Grosso. Presented by Mrs. Percy Sladen. 

115 from Espirito Santo; 164 from Bahia; 126 from Pemambuco, 
iDd 112 from Para. Presented by Oldfield Thomas. 

About 1200 specimens in all. 

Although the Parana and SSo Paulo specimens have been purchased, 
the expedition was materially aided financially by the generosity of Sir 
William Ingram and the Hon. Walter Rothschild. 

Mr. Robert is one of the best of modem collectors, and has been highly 
successful in obtaining valuable material, among others the types of 
Lonchophylla (g. n.) mordaxy Sciurtu ingrami^ Coendou robertif Oxymyc- 
Unu qumstor and roberti. 

Mr. Robert also accompanied Dr. Forsyth Major on the latter's 
expedition to Madagascar in 1894-96, and much of its success was due 
to his help. 

Robinson (H. C). [1896] 

9 Mammals from Java, Australia and the Malay Peninsula. Presented, 
91 Mammals from the Malay Peninsula, including; 7 types, being the 

material on which an important paper by J. L. Bonhote (''Fasciculi 

Malayenses,** toL i., 1903) was based. Presented in conjimction with 

Mr. N. Annandale. 

Rohn (H. S.). [1901] 

15 Mammals from the Albert Edward Range, Central New Guinea. 
Purchased. 

Including the type of a new Bat (Phihtor (g. n.) roAut, Thos.). 

E 2 



52 Zoology. 

Rosenberg (W.). [1897] 

84 Mammals from Northern Ecuador, includiDg the types of 9 new 
species, of which the most notable are Artibeus rosenbergij Nectomys 
saturatus, Echimys gymnurus, and Lepua andinuSf Thos. Fresented by 
Oldficld Thomas. 

Ross (B. R.). [1861] 

47 Mammals from Fort Simpson and Fort Halkett, Hudson Bay 
Territories. Some presented by Andrew Murray, Esq., and others by 
Mr. Ross himself. 

Ross (Odjpt. Sir James), B,N. [1843] 

The Seals obtained during the historic Antarctic voyage of H.M.SS. 
Erebus and Terror, and described by Dr. Gray. Presented by the 
Admiralty. 

Among these are the two original specimens of Ross's Seal (Ommato- 
phoca ro88it)y a species not again obtained until the end of the century. 

Also a number of Mammals from Tasmania. Presented. 

Rothschild {Hon. N. Charles). [1898] 

357 Mammals from various localities. 

In connection with his study of the Pulicidae, Mr. Charles Rothschild 
has collected, or caused to be collected, a great many Mammals, and in 
order that these should not be wasted, he has had them properly prepared, 
and presented to the National Museum. The most important series is 
one obtained by himself and Mr. A. F. R. WoUastoo, at Shendy, on the 
Upper Nile (see de Winton, Novitates ZooL, viii., p. 397, 1899), one from 
the Atbnra, worked out by Mr. H. Schwann, and a further series from 
the Liu Kiu Islands, worked out by Mr. Bonhote. 

Included types: Qerhillus watersi, de Wint., Lepus rothschildi, de 
Wint., Mm caroli, Bonh., and others. 

Rothschild {Son. Walter), Trustee. [1894] 

363 Mammals from various parts of the world. Presented. 
The Museum owes to Mr. Rothschild both a considerable number of 
important large Mammals, presenteil for exhibition, such as the fine 
Elephant Seal {Macrorhinus lconinus\ and a Giraffe, and also many 
highly interesting collections of small Mammals from different parts of 
the world, worked out by 0. Thomas, and containing numerous types, of 
which may be specially mentioned : Mallomys (g. n.) rothschUdi, Dasy- 
procta coibm, Coendou rothschildi, Phalanger melanotis, etc. 

Rudd (C. D.). [1903] 

501 Mammals obtained during a systematic exploration of South Africa 
carried out by a trained collector, Mr. C. II. B. Grant. Presented. 

This exploration is one of the most important events that has ever 
taken place towards the furthering of our knowledge of the Fauna of 
South Africa, for the collector is able to be sent to localities specially 
selected for the purix)se, and the chief faunistic areas can therefore be 
systematically explored and compared. Collections have up to the present 
been made at the Cape, in Namaqua Land, the Wakkerstroom district of 
the Transvaal, and iu Zulu Land. Mr. Grant is a good trapper and 
taxidermiht, and the specimens that he has obtained are among the best 
that the Museum has ever received. Papers are being prepared by 0. 
Thomas and U. Schwann on the collections as they arrive, the first, on 
that from Namaqua Land, being published, P.Z.S., 1904, i., p. 171. 



Mammals. 53 

BiippeU (Jh. K). [1836] 

Ibmmals from Abysania. Purchased. 

These specimens are from the famous ezploriDg journey to Abyssinia 
which resulted in the important works, " Atlas zu der Reise im ndrdlichen 
Afrika Ton Eduard RUppeU," folio, 1826 (the Mammals by P. OretzschmarX 
and " Keue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehdrig, entdei^t 
ODd beechrieben von Dr. Eduard RtippeU," folio, 1835. 

The series obtained by the Museum consists of co-types of many of 
the striking animals dlBcovered by Dr. Riippell, among which may be 
mentioDed Cciobus gueraa^ Theropithecus ffdada, Cants simentis, Sciurui 
multicolor^ Tatchyoryctes macrocq>?MltUy T. $plenden$, and Qaxdla toem- 
merringii, 

RoBsia {KLM. the Emperor of). [1845] 
2 specimens of the European Bison from Lithuania. 

8t Petenbiirg Mnaeum. [1892] 

46 Mammals from Siberia, including typical specimens of many of the 
necies discovered by the explorer Col Przewalski, and described by Dr. 
£. Bdchner in the ** Mammalia Przewalskiana.* Received in exchange. 

Salle (A.). [1848] 

Traveller and Collector in Central America. 

70 Mammals from Mexico and Central America, including the types of 
AkuaUa paUiata^ C^ny* Oeomys merriami^ Thos., and others. Purchased. 

Balmon (J. K). [1872] 

60 Mammals from MedeUiu, Colombia. Purchased. 

Types of Hapale leucopua, Thrinacodw dlbieauda, GUnth., Loncheres 
eoMiapB, Gtinth., and Nectomys grandis, Thos., were included. 

Salvin (Osbbbt). [1865] 

Joint editor, with Mr. F. Du Cane Godman, of the "Biologia 
Centrali- Americana." 

233 Mammals from Central America. 

Types of Oryzomys couesi, Alst, Chiroderma salvini^ Dobs., and 
EeUromyt iolvini, Thos., are included. Presented and purchased. 

Bambon {Dr. L.). [1901] 

10 Mammals collected during malaria experiments of 1900 in the 
Soman Campagns, and including the type of the Roman Mole (To/pa 
romana). Presented. 

Sandenon {Capt. G. P.). [1882] 

Superintendent of Keddas, India. 

Fine specimens of Indian Elephant, Tiger, &c. Among others the 
skull of a young specimen showing the milk tusks in position, l^lrchased 
and presented. 

Sclaier (Dr. P. L.). [1886] 

Secretaiy of the Zoological Society, 1859-1902. 

259 Mammals from Somaliland and other localities, sent to him by 
Tirious OQrrespondents. Many of them typical of species described in 
the Proceedings of the Society. Presented. 

Dr. Sclater has always utilised his position to encourage possible 
oollectoTB, aiKl many of the finest series that the Museum has received 
hsve been commenced at his instigation. 



54 Zoology. 

Sdater (W. L.). [1887] 

Director of the South African Museum, Cape Town. 

9 Mammals from British Guiana, including the type of Hhipidomya 
sdcUerif Thos. Presented. 

ScuUy (Dr. J. H.). [1881] 

23 Mammals from Gilgit and neighhouriug localities. Presented. 
The basis of Dr. Scullps papers, Proc. Zool. Sec., 1881, p. 197. 
Includes typical specimens of Microtu$ hlan/ordij Scully. 

Seebohm (H.). [1879] 

63 small Mammals from various localities. Presented. 

Seimund (E.). [1904] 

137 Mammals from the island of Fernando Po, including topotypes 
of a large number of long-described species aud the type of Scolonycteris 
hed/ordi. Presented by the Duke of Bedford, Mrs. Percy Sladen, and the 
Hon. W. Rothschild. 

See Thomas, P.Z.S., 1904, ii., p. . 

Selous (F. C). [1881] 

South African sportsman and writer. 

144 Mammals from South Africa, especially Rhodesia. Purchased and 
presented. 

Mr. Selous obtalued a fine series of large animals for the exhibition 
galleries of the Museum, besides presenting a valuable collection of small 
Mammals from Matabililand. 

Types of Cynictis selousi, de Wint, Georychus nimrodi, de Wint, 
and others are included (see de Winton, Proc. ZooL Soc. 1896, p. 806.) 

Selys-Longchamps {Baron E. db). [1837] 

A number of Voles, representative of species described in his paper, 
'*Le8 Campagnols des environs de Li^ge," 1836, and other memoirs on 
the group. Presented. 

Seoane (Dr. V. L.). [1885-93] 

44 Mammals from Gorufla, North- West Spain. Presented. 

Sharpe {Sir Alfred), KCB. [1892] 

Commissioner of British Central Africa. 

140 Mammals from Nyasaland, including the types of CoJchus sharpei, 
Haphiceros sJiarpeif Thos., and other species. Presented. 

Sir A. Sharpe, in succeeding Sir H. Johnston as Commissioner of 
Nyasaland, has continued the zoological exploration begun by the latter. 

Simons (Pbrby O.). [1898] 

170 Mammals from Sinaloa, Western Mexico, including the types of 
8 new species. Purchased through Mr. W. W. Price. 

1240 Mammals obtained during a collecting expedition from Ecuador 
down the Andes of Peru and Bolivia into Argentina, made in 1898 and 
1901. Presented by Oldfield Thomas. 

Apart from that of A. Robert this is by far the most important 
expedition that has been made in South America up to the present time, 
and resulted in very large accessions to our knowledge of the regions 
explored and to the Museum collections. 



Mammals. 55 

Ko less than 1240 specimens, selected for the Museum, were obtained 
bjr Mr. Simons, besides large numbers of duplicates, and he discovered 
more than 60 new species, besides the new senera TomoneoB^ Miller, 
Andinomyty and Neoctodon^ Thos. He also coflected over 3000 birds, a 
kige number of reptiles, and many thousand insects. 

In January, 1902, to the great misfortune of the Museum, Mr. Simons 
WIS treacherously murdered by a Chilian guide when traversing the 
Andes, and so his wonderful collecting expedition came to an untimely 
end. 

Sloane {Sir Haks). [1753] 

The few specimens that can be identified as having come from the 
Museum of Sir Hans Sloane, the founder of the British Museum, are 
referred to above, p. 2. 

Bladen {Mr$. Pebct). [1903] 

181 Mammals from Chapada, Matto Grosso, collected by Mr. Alphonse 
Bobert, and including the types of CanU sladeni^ MarmoM constantix, 
and 5 other new species. Presented. 

See Thomas, P.Z.S., 1904, iL, p. 232. 

Mris. Sladen also contributed towards the expense of the Seimund 
expedition to Fernando Po. 

Sloggett {Col. A. T.), OMO. [1901] 

A fine series of 316 Mammals from Dcelfontein, Cape Colony, collected 
during the Boer War by Troopers C. H. B. Grant and E. Seimund. 
Presented. 

CoL Sloggett had charge of the general hospital at Deelfontein during 
the war, and utilised the occasion to have the present series formed for 
the National Museum. The types of Otomys sloggetti^ Thos., 0. unisul- 
eaitu grantiy Thos., and of the remarkable Kopje Hare {Lepus monttcu- 
Jarii) are included. 

Bmith {Sir Andbkw). [1838] 

141 Mammals from South Africa, illustrating Sir A. Smith's works 
on the Fauna of that country. The specimens first received were those 
obtained on the expedition led by Dr. A. Smith, as he then was, in 
183i-6, for exploring the central parts of South Africa. These specimens 
were described in Dr. Smith's " Report of the Expedition for exploring 
Central Africa " (published in Cape Town in 1836), after which they were 
brought home to England, and exhibited in the Egyptian Hall in 1837,* 
and in 1838 sold by auction in order that funds might be obtained for 
further exploration. Others were purchased through different dealers. 

Either at this first sale, through the Zoological Society's Museum, or 
later from the owner, the Museum obtained a fairly complete set of the 
specimens, including practically all the types of the species discovered by 
& Andrew Smith. 

On the materials thus obtained Dr. Smith based his '* Illustrations of 
the Zoolo^ of South Africa — Manmialia," fol., pis. L-lii., with letter- 
press, 1838-48. His earlier "African Zoology, Part I., Mammalia," 
published in the "South African Quarterly Journal," vol. ii., 1833-34, 
also contains descriptions of a number of new species of animals, the types 
of which have likewise been acquired by the Museum. 

* See "Gatalogiie of the South African Museum now exhibiting in the 
Egyptian HaU in Piooadilly," 1837. 



56 Zoology. 

Smith {Dr, E. Donaldson). 

23 Mammals obtained during his various expeditions in N.E. Africa, 
notably those collected on his 1899 Somali to Nile trip. Presented. 

Including types of several new species, of which the most notable are 
Colobus a, poliurtu, Oroddura smithiif ikacroscelides horanttSt Madoqua 
smithii and Qazdia g, hrightii. 

Smith (John P. G.). [1844] 

47 Mammals from Pemambuco and Para, including the tynes of 
several Bats described by Dr. Gray, of whom the donor was son-in-law. 

Smith {Dr. J. A.), of Edinburgh. [1874] 

17 small Mammals from Old Calabar, West Africa, including the 
types of Fipistrellua brunneus, and Kerivoula smithii^ Thos. 

Smithsonian Institntion, Washington. [1866] 

18 Bats from various parts of North America, determined by 
Dr. Harrison Allen, author of the '* Bats of North America," 1864. 

93 Rodents from North America, illustrating the Monographs of 
North American Rodentia, by E. Ck)ues and J. A. Allen, 1877. 

Smuts (J.). [1837] 

Specimens " purchased at Publick Sale, 24 April, 1837, by Barrow and 
Kirkman ; Imported by — Smuts, Esq., C.G.H.'* 

79 Mammals, partly registered as from the Cape of Good Hope, and 
partly from the " Mus. Leyden." 

The first are no doubt specimens from the collection on which Smuts's 
"Enumeratio Mammalium Gapensium," Leyden, 1832, was founded; 
and the second, which are mostly Bats, appear to have been duplicate 
specimens from the Leyden Museum, named by its then director C. J. 
lemminck, and in many cases, therefore, are typical of species described 
by him. 

S&derstrSm (L.). [1896] 

H.B.M. Consul at Quito. 

127 Mammals from the highlands of Ecuador, including the types of 
a number of new species, of which the most notable are those of the 
Ecuadorean Pudu Deer (Fudu mephistophelis, de Wint.), Ichthyomys 
soderstrdmi, de Wint, Coendou guichua^ Thos., and Feithrodontomys 
soderstromif Thos. Presented. 

South African Mnseum^ Cape Town. [1869] 

The skulls of seven Whales and Dolphins from South Africa, including 
some of the specimens described by Dr. Gray, Proc. ZooL Soc, 1865, 
p. 522. Presented. 

Speke {Capt. J. H.). [1859] 

26 Manmials collected during his various exploring expeditions in 
Africa. Presented. The specimens obtained during the East African 
Expedition of 1863 were described by Dr. Sclater (Proc. ZooL Soc., 
1864, p. 98), and others by Dr. Gray. The types of Tragelaphus spekei, 
BcJater, BdiophobiuB pallidus and H. albi/rons. Gray, and Arvicanthis 
ipekeif de Wint., are among the series. 



Mammals. 57 

Spencer {Prof. Baldwin); [1897] 

13 MammalB from Central Australia, described in tne " Report of the 
Horn Expedition," 1896. Presented, 

Stanley {Gapt. Owen) and Mr$. Stanley. [1848] 

21 Mammals collected during the voyage of H.M.S. Battlesnake. 

Steere {Prof. J. B.). [1876] 

9 Mammals from the Philippines, including the types of Sciurus 
tttertiy Gilnth., and Nannotciurus coneinntu, Thos. Purchased. 

Stockholm Mosenm. [1846] 

99 Mammals from different localities, but chiefly from Sennaar 
(collected by Hedeoborg) and South-Eastem Africa (collected by Wahl- 
berg). These two latter collections were worked out by Prof. Sundevall 
(K. Vet Ak. Handl. Stockholm, 1842, p. 189, and ()fv. Vet Ak. 
ForfaandL, ilL, 1846, p. 118) and the series obtained for the Museum 
contains a number of specimens typical of species described by him. 

Stokmann {Dr. Jean). [1881] 

Director of the Branicki Museum, Warsaw. 

32 Mammals collected in Peru, and forming the basis of a paper by 
Thomas (Proc. ZooL Soc., 1882, p. 98). Including the types of Oryzomys 
itohmannif 0. xanthmcluBy and Akodon mollis, Thos. Presented. 

Streator (Clabk P.). [1898] 

20 Mammals from California, all topotypes of described species. 
PreMnted by Oldfield Thomas. 

Start {CapL). [1846] 

A few Mammals obtained during Capt. Sturt's expedition to the 
interior of Australia. Presented. 

See " Narrative of an Expedition into Central Australia during the 
years 1844-46," 1849. (Appendix on the Mammals.) 

Styan (F. W.). [1886] 

182 Mammals from China. Some purchased, but the majority 
presented. 

The collections of Mr. Styan have added very materially to our 
knowledge of the mammalian fauna of China. Many new species have 
been discovered by Mr. Styan, among others la to, Thos., Cnimarrogale 
stifani, de Wint, Sciurua styani, Thos., Cricetulus iritorif de Wint., and 
AUuru$ fulfferu styani, Thos. 

Surgeons, Royal College of! [1841] 

Three valuable Dolphins, the types of Cephalorhynchus heavisidei. 
Gray, ProddphinuB o&scurtM, Gray, and DdphiniLs capensis. Gray, 
ooUected by Oapt Heaviside at the Cape of Good Hope, and presented by 
him to the Collie of Surgeons. Presented by the Trustees of the 
College in 1841. 

Swayne {General E. J.). [1891] 

48 M|tn|TnAl« from Somali Land, including the types of Bnhalis stvaynei, 
Sdater, and Madoqua swaynei, Thos. Presented. 



58 Zoology. 

Swinhoe {Col Charles). [1881] 

12 Mammals from Kandahar, described by Dr. J. Scully (Ann. Mag. 
N. H. (5), viii., p. 222, 1881), and including the type of QerMlus awinhoei, 
Scully. Presented. 

Swinhoe (Robert). [1861] 

H.B.M. Consul in China. Author of many papers on the fauna of 
China. 

245 Mammals from China, Formosa and Hainan, bein^: the materials 
on which his papers on the Mammals of those localities (Proc. Zool. Soc. 
1862, p. 347, and 1870, pp. 224 and 615), were based. Presented and 
purchased. Among the types are those of Cervus horiulorum^ Swinh. ; 
Fipistrellus pulveratus, Peters ; Erinaceus dealbcUus, Swinh. ; Talpa 
leptura, Thos. ; Belidis subaurantiaca^ Swinh.; Mdes ckinensis, Gray; 
Petaurista grandis^ Swinh. ; Mtta losea and M. coxingi^ Swinh. ; Lepus 
awifihoeif Thos. ; Capricomis swinhoei. Gray ; Cervus swinhoeit Gray ; 
and Bydropotes inermis, Swinh. 

Sykes {Col, W. H.). [1842] 

10 Mammals from the Deccan. Presented. 

These are original specimens from the material described in Col. Sykes's 
" Catalogue of the Mammalia noticed in Dukhun " (Proc. Zool. Soc., 1831, 
p. 99), and include the types of Canis pallipeSf Cuan duhhunensis^ and 
Jfystrix leucara. 

Certain other specimens from Col. Sykes's Deccan collection (e.y., the 
co-types of Sciurus elphinstonei) were received with the India Museum 
collection in 1879. 

Tankerville (Charles, 5lh Earl of), [1839] 

A Chillingham Bull. 

The head of this Bull is now mounted, the body having been destroyed 
when a fresh specimen arrived in 1890. 

Tankerville (Charles, ^th Earl of), [1890] 

A Chillingham Bull and the skeleton of a Cow. Presented. 

Taylor (William). [1884] 

118 small Mammals from San Diego, Texas, including the tyjM? of 
Peromyscus taylori, Thos. Presented. (See Proc. ZooL Soc., 1888, p. 443.) 

Thomas (Oldfield). [1880] 

Assistant, 1876. 

3136 Mammals, of which about 300 were obtained by himself in 
England, Europe, and South America, and the remainder, mostly South 
American, collected by G. D. Child (Bo;:ot4), A. E. Pratt (Colombia), 
G. K. Cherrie (Orinoco), C. Engelke (Santa Marta), H. J. Wat sun 
(Chiriqui), R. Perrens (Corrientes), L. Dinelli TTucuman), S. Bricefio 
(Merida), F. M. Chapman (Trinidad), D. Coolidge and C. P. Streator 
(California), G. and O. Garlepp (Peru), J. II. Batty and G. Uopke 
(Colombia), R. Miketta (Ecuador), Perry 0. Simons (Andes of Ecuador, 
Peru, Bolivia and Argentina), and A. Robert (Espirito Santo, Bahia, 
IVrnambuco and Para. Presented. 

Thomasset (H. P.). [1896] 

46 Mammals from the Transvaal, including several which had not 
been obtained since the time of Sir Andrew Smith. Presented. 



Mammals. 59 

Thomaon {Dr. T. R. H.), B.N. [1842] 

26 Mammals from Fernando Po. Presented. 

Inclading the types of Foiana riehardsoni, (^rajf and Keriwuln 
poensit. Gray, and the first specimens of Anomalurus received by the 
MoseonL 

Dr. Thomson went with the Niger Expedition, and gave to the 
Museum a daplicate set of the Mammals obtained, the first set going in 
Mr. L. Frasei^s name to the Zoological Society's Museum (see Water- 
house, Proc. Zool. Soc., 1842, p. 124), whence they wore afterwards 
tzinsferred to the British Museum. 

(See also Allen, Capt. W., and Thomson, Dr. T. R. H., "A Narrative 
of the Expedition to the River Niger," 1848. Appendix, vol. ii., p. 472.) 

Tomes (Robert F.). 

About 500 specimens, chiefly bats, from the collection brought 
together during the years 1845-1863, when Mr. Tomes was working 
systematically at Mammals. Purchased from the executors. 

This is the most important accession that the Museum has received 
since the incorporation of the India Museum in 1879, for Mr. Tomes was 
a volominous contributor to the Proceedings of the Zoological Society, 
and these specimens form the material on which his papers were based. 

He obtained specimens from all possible sources, and several note- 
worthy collections passed into his possession ; of these may be specially 
mentioned : — 

1. A number of skeletons of Bats, presented to Mr. Tomes by Prince 
G. L. Bonaparte, and representing species described by the latter in his 
" Fauna Italica " (1832). The Imtory and condition of these specimens 
are described by Mr. Tomes, Proc Zool. Soc., 1858, p. 81, footnote. 

2. A large number of Bats collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace in the 
Malay Archipelago. 

3. The Bats obtained by Mr. H. W. Bates on the Amazons. 

4. The Bats collected by Mr. G. J. Andersson in Damaraland, and 
described by Mr. Tomes, Proc. ZooL Soc., 1861, p. 31. (Types of three 
species included). 

5. A selection of Bats and other small Mammals from Mozambique, 
collected and named by Prof. Peters, whose species they represent. 

6. A large number of Bats formerly in the Zoological Society's 
Museuni, which was broken up about the time Mr. Tomes was collecting. 
These include many historical and typical specimens, such as the co-tji^es 
of Seotophiku heathi, described by Uorsfield in 1831. 

7. Tne small Mammals collected by L. Eraser in Ecuador, and worked 
out by Mr. Tomes in the Proceedings of the Zoological Society (Proc. Zool. 
Soc, 1858-1860). These include, among others, the original '* Ilyracodon 
{= Cmnolette$) /tUiginoeus,^ the first example of the Epanarthida to be 
discovered. 

From 1863, when he wrote the paper on Eyracodon, to his death in 
1904, Mr. Tomes worked no more on exotic Mammals, but his collection, 
at least so far as the skins are concerned, remains happily in perfect 
preservation. 

34 types have so far been identified as being in the collection. 

Transit of Venus Expedition of 1875. [1876] 

Specimens of Pteropus rodricensis, and a number of bones of Seals 
and other Mammals from Rodriguez and Kerguelen. Presented by the 
Boyid Society. 



60 Zoology. 

Trevelyan (Cajpt. Herbert). [1875] 

37 Mammals from South Africa, including the type of the Giant 
Golden-Mole (Chrysospalax irevelyani, Giinth.) from the Pirie Bush. 
Presented. 

Tristram {Bev. Odnon H. B.). [1864] 

80 Mammals from Palestine, heing part of the series on which Ginon 
Tristram's paper, " Report on the Mammals of Palestine " (Proc, Zool. 
Soc., 1866, p. 84), was based. 

The types of Lepus Judem, Gray, Merionea tristrami, Thos., and 
Fsammomys Urrmsanctm^ Thos., are in this collection. Purchased and 
presented. 

Turner (John). [1838] 

55 Mammals, many of them large, from South America, Sumatra, 
the Northern Circars, India, and elsewhere. 

Among others the typical skins oi^* Antelope zebrc^ Gray {Cephdlo- 
phus dorim, Ogilyie), were purchased in this series. 

Turner {Bet>. W. Y.). [1878] 

17 Mammals from Demerara, including the types of Didelphis tumeric 
Giinth., and Cants rudU^ Giinth. Purchased. 

Underwood (C. F.). [1895] 

105 Mammals from Costa Rica, including many species new to the 
collection, and the types of Olyphonycteris (g. n.) sylvestrist and 
Flylonycteris (g. n.) underwoodi, Thos. Purchased. 

United States National Museum. 

25 Mammals, mostly from the Malayan collections of Dr. Abbott, 
and including representative specimens of a number of forms new to the 
British Museum, notably the remarkable monkey Simias concolor. 
Received in exchange. 

United States Department of Agriculture. [1889] 

233 Mammals from the United States and Mexico, illustrating the 
working out of North American Mammals which has been carried on by 
the Department. Presented through the Director, Dr. G. Hart Merriam. 

The fine, but careful, distinction of closely allied species and sub- 
si)ecies typical of modem American work is well illustrated by the series 
of Chipmunks (Tamuu) sent by Dr. Merriam to the Museum. 

Vardon {Oapt. Frank). [1850] 

The typical specimen of the Lechee Antelope (Kohus lechee) from the 
K. Zouga. 

Verreaux (The Maison). [1837] 

Besides the large number of animals purchased from the brothers 
Verreaux as general natural-history dealers, the earlier collections had 
special reference to South Africa, and included many specimens collected 
and described by Dr. Andrew Smith (q.v.). 



Mammals. 61 

Wallace {Br. Alfrbd R.). [1856] 

The famous traveller aod writer. 

123 Mammals from the East Indian Archipehtgo, including many 
types of species described by Dr. Gray ; the most notable are those 
of ReiihroKiuruB macrotis^ Mus axinthurus and cdebensts^ Phdlanger 
<MmtiSt &nd omtUiu, and Phatcogaie waUacei, 

A number of Bats received in the Tomes collection. 

Ward (ObZ. A. E.). [1903] 

A number of Mammals from Kashmir, Including the types of Ochctona 
wardi, Microius imitator^ and others. Presented. 

Ward (Rowland). [1889] 

65 Mammals, mostly large, from various localities. Presented. 

For many years Mr. Rowland Ward has lost no opportunity of 
encouraging sportsmen to present specimens to the National Museum, 
ind is himself the donor of no inconsiderable number. Among these 
latter are the type-specimens of Ovibos m, wardi^ Lyd., and Oryx callotis 
and Cervieapra wardi, Thos. 

Waterhouse (P. G.). [1870] 

Director of the Adelaide Museum. 

19 skulls of Wombats and other Marsupials from South Australia. 
Presented. 

Waterhouse (Gbo. R.). [1860] 

Author of the "Natural History of the Mammalia," 1846-48. 
Curator of the Zoological Society's Museum, and afterwards Keeper of the 
Geological Department in the British Museum. 

41 skins and skulls of small Mammals from various localities; among 
others the type of FhcucogaJe suHtinsoni, Waterh. Presented. 

Watson (H. J.). [1900] 

218 Mammals from Bogava, Chiriqui, Panama, including the tyi^es of 
14 new species. Mostly presented by Oldfield Thomas. 

Wellington Mnseum^ New Zealand. [1876] 

Some Bats and Rodents, and an important collection of Pinnipetlian 
and Cetacean skulls and skeletons from New Zealand, including skeletons 
of Seohalmna marginata and Me$oplodon hectori, Uoceived in exchange. 

WelwitBcli (Dr.). [1866] 

GO Mammals from Angola. Presented. 
Whitaker (J. I. S.). [1894] 

156 Mammals from Marocco, Tunis, and Tripoli, mostly collected by 
E. Dodson, and others from Sicily. Presented. 

The African specimens are the results of expeditions sent out by 
Mr. Whitaker into the countries mentioned, and have proved of very 
$:reat interest. They have formed the bases of the following pai)er8 :— 
de Winton, " On a CJollection of Mammals from Morocco *' (Proc. Zoi»l. 
Soc, 1897, p. 593); Thomas, "On the Mammals collected during the 
Whitaker Expedition to Triix)li" (Ibid,, 1902, p. 2). 

Types of 12 new species are included, of which the most noticeable 
are those of Croddura whitakeri and Lepus atlanticusy de Wint., and 
L. whitakeri, and Ctenodcuiylui vali, Thos. 

The Sicilian series also includes types of Qlis insular is, Eliomys 
pailidus and other species described by Barrett Hamilton. 



62 Zoology. 

Whitehead (John). [1894] 

69 Mammals from Mount Kina-Balu, North Borneo^presented by 
Oldfield Thomas — and 62 from the Island of Luzon, Philippines — presented 
by the .subscribers to the Whitehead Fund. 

Mr. Whitehead was one of the most successful collectors in the East 
Indian Archipelago, and was the first to make zoological explorations on 
Mount Kina-Balu and on the Data range in Luzon. At both localities he 
found a large number of new forms, and at the latter especially many 
remarkable animals were discovered, no less than eight representing new 
genera. The most notable are Earpyionycteris whiteheadi, Rhynchomvi 
soricoides, Carpomys meJanurus and C.phmuruSy Chrotomya whiteheaai^ 
and Baiomys granti. (See Proc. Zool. Soc., 1889, p. 228, and Trans. Zool. 
Soc., xiv., p. 377, 1898.) 

Whitely (H.). [1866] 
Zoological collector. 

23 Mammals from Japan and Peru. Purchased. 

Including types of Mazama whitelyi, Gray, and Odocoileus peru^ 
vianuSf Gray. 

Whyte (Alexander). [1877] 

24 Mammals from Kandy, Ceylon. Purchased. 

Mr. Whyte was for many years collector and naturalist to the Nyasa 
Administration under Sir H. H. Johnston, and the actual collector of the 
majority of the specimens from that region presented by the latter 
gentleman (q.v.)* 

Widdrington (Capt S. E.). [1842] 

A Lynx and a Mungoose from the Sierra Morena, Andalucia, the 
latter the type of Gray's Herpestes widdringtoni. Presented. 

Wilcox (J. F.). [1875] 

The typical specimens of Macropus wilcoxi. Gray, from New South 
Wales. Presented. 

Williams {Col W. H.), B.A. [1893] 

A very interesting series of small Mammals from Van, Kurdistan, 
including the types of Ellobius lutescens and Allactaga wiiliamsi, Thos. 
Also some specimens from Uganda. Presented. 

Witherby (H. F.). [1902] 

18 Mammals from Persia, including the type of Mus wiiherhyi, 
Thos. Presented. 

46 specimens from the Soudan, including the types of Acomys wiiherhyi 
and Glauconyctius floweri, do Wint. 

WolflfBohn (J. A.). [1897] 

273 Mammals from the neighbourhood of Valparaiso. Presented. 

The series of Mammals collected and presented by Mr. J. A. Wolffsohn 
is one of particular value owing to its containing topotypical examples of 
the many species described by early writers on Chilian Zoology. The 
specimens have been of constant service in working out the Mammals 
obtained by Messrs. Simons, Dinelli, Foster, and other recent collectors. 



Mammals. 63 

Woltewtorflf {Dr. W.). [1892] 

34 MammalB from Magdeburg and other parts of Germany. Presented 
andpurchased. 

Besides the specimens actually presented by him, the Museum owes 
to the kindness of Dr. Wolterstorff large numbers of specimens obtained 
bj his friends in different parts of Grermany and prepared by his 
taxidermist in Magdeburg. 

Woodford (C. M.). [1887] 

73 Mammals, especially Bats, from the Solomon Islands. Purchased. 

This series formed the first important collection ever made in the 
Solomon Islands, and contains the types of many new and interesting 
fonnB—among others, of Pteraiopex (g. n.) cUrata, Fteropus wood/ordi, 
Samyderii (g. n.) wood/ordi, Anthops (g. n.) omatw, described by 
0. Thomas (Proc. ZooL Soc., 1887, p. 320, and 1888, p. 470). 

Woosnam (B. B.) and Dent (R. K). [1904] 
129 Mammals from Kuruman, South Africa. Purchased. 

Wroughton (R. C). [1896] 

An officer in the department of Woods and Forests, Bombay. 

214 Mammals, chiefly Bats, from the Bombay Presidency. Presented. 

iDcluding the type oiRatufa decdbata, Blanf., of Scotophiltu wroughtoni, 
Thoa, and of PipittreUtu chrysothrix and P, mimusy W rough too. 

(See Wroughton, ** Some Konkan Bats," Joum. Bombay N. H. Soc., 
1899, p. 716.) 

Also 52 specimens from Natal. 

Terbury (Col. J. W.). [1884] 

109 Mammals from Aden. Presented. 

Our knowledge of the Aden fauna is very largely due to Col. Yerbury's 
ooUections. (Sm Yerbury and Thomas, " The Mammals of Aden,** 
Proc Zool. Soc., 1895, p. 542.) 

Zoological Society of London. [1847] 

Various animals from the Menagerie in Regent*8 Park, among them 
a number of Hybrid Equidm bred at the Oardens. Presented. 

Zoological Society's MoBeom. [1852-60] 

The Zoological Society's deciding in 1851 to give up keeping a 

Museum of its own, a selection of the specimens contained therein was 

transferred, partly by purchase and partly by presentation, to the British 

Museum. The collection thus received, numberiDg nearly 1500 examples, 

forms with that of the India Museum the most important addition from 

a historical point of view that the Museum has ever received. It 

contained all or nearly all of the specimens described in the early days of 

the Society in its ' Proceedings,* and the whole collections of many of the 

founders of Zoology in Great Britain. Thus there are in it the specimens 

obtained, and in many cases described, by Dr. Bachman, Sir John 

Richardson, Messrs. Dickson and Ross, Sir Stamford Raffles, Sir Andrew 

^ith, Mr. D. Douglas, Gen. Hardwicke, Mr. Hugh Cuming, Col. Syken, 

Charles Darwin, Capt. P. P. King, Mr. B. H. Hodgson, Dr. Kilaart, Rajah 

Brooke, and others, besides many types of species described by Mr. 

Gto. R.' Waterhouse (the Curator of the Museum and the author of it« 



64 Zoology. 

Catalogue and of the ''Natural History of Mammalia,** 1846-48), hj 
Mr. Martin, Mr. Ogilby, L. Fraser, E. T. Bennett, Dr. J. E. Uray, 
Mr. Rtid, Dr. T. Bell, Mr Vigors, Dr. Horsfield, and others. 

A number of the Bats in the Society's Museum, induding several 
types, were acquired by Mr. B. F. Tomes, and have now been received 
with bis collection. 



Thb Types in the Collection. 

The value of type-specimens, and the index which their 
possession gives to the importance of a Museum, are now so 
universally recognised that a few lines may be devoted to the 
richness of the British Museum in this respect. 

While the types contained in most European museums are 
mainly those described by the successive officials, those in the 
Britidi Museum — partly owing to its having so long been the 
centre of British work on Mammals, and partly to the incorpora- 
tion of the contents of other museums, themselves in their time 
centres of activity — represent the work of an exceptionally large 
number of naturalists, whose names it may be of interest to 
record. 

These fall naturally into two groups, as follows : — 



I. — Authors, the whole or greater part op whose Types 

ARE IN the Museum Collection. 

Alston, E. B. Hobsfield, T. 

Barbett-Hamilton, G. E. H. Leach, W. E. 

Bennett, E. T. Ltdekkeb, B. 

Blanpobd, W. T. Majob, C. I. F. 

Bonbote, J. L. Mabtin, W. C. L. 

Bboobe, Sib V. Ooilby, W. 

Bubchell, W. Pocock, B. L 

i)B AViNTON, W. E. Baffles, Sib T. S. 

Dobson, G. E. Biohabdson, Sib J. 

Du Chaillu, p. Sclateb, p. L. 

Elliot, Sib W. Smith, Sib A. 

Fbaseb, L. Smith, 0. Hamilton-. 

Gbat, J. E. Swinhoe, B. 

Gould, J. Thomas, O. 

GuNTHEB, A. Tomes, B. F. 

Hodgson, B. H. AVatbbhocse, G. B. 



Mammals. 



65 



II.—AUTHOBS BBPBBSBNTBD BT ISOLATRD TyPBS IN THE 

Museum Collbction. 



Allkx, J. A. 

ASDIBfiEXy K. 
ANDKBdON, J. 

Bachmax, J. 
Ball, B. 
Babtlstt, E. 
Bdj:^ T. 

Blaintillb, H. di. 
Bltth, E. 
boddaert, p. 

BOXAFABTB, PbINOB C. L. 

Caxtob, T. 
Eluot, D. G. 
Flower, Sib W. 
G088B, P. H. 
Habdwickx, T. 
Habbib, W. C. 
Hill, B. 
H08B, C. 

HUTTON, T. 

Kblaabt, E. F. 
Kebb, B. 

KUHL, H. 

Lataste, F. 
l1cbten8tkn, h. 

LlNNJEUS, C. 



LOBD, J. K. 

Mbbbiam. G. H. 
MoClblland, J. 

MiLLEB, O. S. 

MncHBLL, D. W. 

MUBBAT, A. 

mubrat, j. a. 
Netjmank, O. 
Owen, B. 

PSABflON, B. 
PETEBi, W. 

Beid, J. 

BOTH0OHILD, Hob. W. 
sohabtf, b. f. 
Schwann, H. 
sclateb, w. l. 

SCULLT, J. 

Shaw, G. 
Shelfokd, U. 
Sykes, W. H. 
Taylor, J. H. 
Trouessart, E. L. 

TURTON, W. 

Vigors, N. A, 
Wagner, J. A. 
Wrouohton, K. C. 



In addition, specimens received from the Leyden Museum are 
co-types of species described by Temminck, Miiller, and Schlegel, 
from the Senekenberg Museum of Riippell, from *the Christiania 
Museum of Collett, from the Copenhagen Museum of Lund and 
Winge, and from the Stockholm Museum of Sundevall. 

This list of authors, whose work is represented wholly or 
in part by the collections in the British Museum is probably 
anequalled for length and interest, especially when it is 
remembered that specimens have not been systematically sent 
ont for description, as is the case elsewhere, but that the 
successive officials have themselves worked out and described on 
arrival the great mass of the fresh accessions. 

The resulting number of types is consequently very great, 
and is probably not approached by that in any other Museum. 
This is especially the case, if attention be directed to the more 
distinct forms of Mammal life, the ''good species'' of older 
writers, which indicate the first discovery of really distinct 

VOL. II. F 



66 Zoology. 

animals. Owing to the systematic study of Mammals having 
synchronised so closely with the growth of the British Empire, 
the discovery of such distinct species has fallen very largely into 
the hands of contributors to the British Museum. 

With the modem finer methods of distinction, it is possible 
that in mere numbers of types other collections may in time 
rival the British Museum, but they can never approach it in 
regard to the historical interest always attaching to the first 
discovery of wholly new forms. 



Catalogues. 

A list of the Catalogues of Mammals in the British Museum 
is given here, as the names, dates, and authors indicate the 
progress of the Collection and the work which was being done 
upon it at different times. 

1843.— Lifit of the Bpeoimens of Mammalia. By J. £. Gray. 

1846.— Oatalogae of the specimena and drawings of Mammals, «/c., of Nepal 

and Thibet, presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq. By J. E. Gray. 
1847. — List of Osteological specimens. By J. E. Gray. 
1850.— Catalogue of the specimens of Mammalia. By J. E. Gray. Part I. 

Cetacea. 
1850. — Catalogue of the specimens of Mammalia. By J. E. Gray. Part IL 

1852. — Catalogue of the specimens of Mammalia. By J. £. Gray. Part III. 

Ungtilata Faroipeda. 
1859.— Catalogue of the Mammalia of New Guinea in the Britifih Museum. 

By J. E. Gray. 
1862. — Catalogue of the Bones of Mammalia. By E. Gerrard. 
1866.— Catalogue of Seals and Whales. 2nd Edition. By J. E. Gray. 
1869. — Catalogue of Camivoroos, Pachydermatous and Edentate Mammalia. 

By J. E. Gray. 
1870.— Catalogue of Monkeys, Lemurs, and Fruit-eating Bats. By J. E 

Gray. 
1871.— Supplement to the Catalogue of Seals and Whales. By J. E. Gray. 
1872. — Catalogue of Ruminant Mammalia. By J. E. Gray. 
1873.— Hand-list of the Edentate, Thick-skinned, and Baminant Mammals. 

By J. E. Gray. 
1874. — Hand-list of Seals, Morses, Sea-Lions, and Sea-Bears. By J. E. Gray. 
1878.— Catalogue of the Chiroptera. By G. E. Dobson. 
1884.— Report on the Zoological Collections made in the Indo-Pacifio Ocean 

during the voyage of H.M.S. AUri — Mammals. By O. Thomas. 
1885. — List of the specimens of Cetacea. By W. H. Flower. 
1888. — Catalogue of the Marsupialia and Monotremata. By O. Thomas. 
1900.— A Monograph of Christmas Island : Mammals. By C. W. Andrews. 
1902.— Report on the collections made during the voyage of the Southern 

OoM— Seals. By G. £. H. Barrett-Hamilton and E. A. Wilson. 



2. DOMESTICATED ANIMALS, HYBRIDS, AND 
ABNORMALITIES. 

By B. LYDEKKER, F.R.S. 



Lr the earlier days of the Museum, specimens of domesticated 
animals, together with hybrids, were included in the exhibited 
series of mounted skins ; while skeletons and skulls were collected 
or received, as opportunity occurred, for the osteological series. 
The Museum Catalogues issued during the time when the Zoolo- 
gical Department was under the charge of the late Dr. J. E. 
Graj took cognisance of specimens of the above nature, a large 
number of which are entered in several of these publications, 
more especially Mr. E. Oerrard's '^ Catalogue of the Bones of 
Mammalia." 

When the late Sir William Flower undertook the rearrange- 
ment of the Mammal Galleries in 1896, the exhibited specimens 
d domesticated animals (with the exception of a few, such as the 
Indian humped ox, and the llama, which represented species by 
themselves) were removed from the series and placed in store ; 
this being done in the case of skins and skeletons alike. It 
should, however, be mentioned that, even under this new depar- 
tnre, domesticated breeds were by no means excluded from the 
exhibited series. For Sir William Flower himself caused a series 
of specimens of the various breeds of pigeons, and another of 
canaries, as well as a few fowls, to be mounted and exhibited in 
the Central Hall, in illustration of the range of variation in 
individual species under the influence of man. 

Recognising the importance of illustrating still more fully 
this wonderful variability, and at the same time being desirous of 
securing for posterity specimens of the domesticated breeds of 
the present day (and, whenever possible, of past years also). 
Professor Ray Lankester, the present Director, determined to 
devote the greater portion of the North Hall to the exhibition of 
spedmena of this nature, as well as of hybrids and abnormalities 
ik all kinds. So soon as it was found practicable to put this 
idea into working order, such of the mounted specimens of skins 

F 2 



68 Zoology. 

oi domesticated bi*eeds and hybrids as were in a fit state for 
exhibition were put on view in the North Hall, together with a 
selection of skeletons and skulls. Steps were at the same time 
taken to acquaint breeders at home, and the officials of museums 
abroad, that the collection of domesticated breeds and hybrids 
was in course of reorganisation and development ; and the Director 
takes this opportunity of thanking those concerned for the cordial 
response they have made to his request for assistance. 

As new specimens were received and mounted, a large pro- 
portion has been added to the exhibited sei-ies. Others, however, 
more especially skulls and skeletons, have been placed in the base- 
ment to form the nucleus of a study series. A large number of 
skulls and skeletons of domesticated breeds are still included with 
the store series of Mammalian osteology in the upper part of the 
building — mainly for the reason that opportunity has not yet 
been found for sorting them out and canying them below. It 
should be added that a collection of photographs of modern breeds 
forms an essential part of the scheme. And also that, when 
practicable, the various breeds should be represented by skins 
and skeletons of well-known animals — more especially prize- 
winners. It is thus hoped that in the course of time the collection 
will be of the highest value to the breeder, as well as to the 
student of variation. 

The following are some of the more important items in this 
series : — 

About 1827. 

Lion-tiger hybrid (young) ; born at Edinburgh in Atkins's 
menagerie, 1826 or 1827. 

About 1836. 

Galla ox horns. — Presented by Captain H, Olapperton, B.N., 
and Lt,-Col. D. Denhnm. 

About 1840. 
Hungarian bull, stuffed ; head alone now preserved. 

1845. 

A large series of skulls and skeletons of Indian and Tibettin 
(as well as some European) mammals. These include dogs, cattle, 
sheep, goats, pigs, horses, etc. — Presented by B. H, Hodgson^ Esq, 



dmesticated Anhnals, Hybrids, and Abnormalities. 69 

1847-48. 

Two staffed hybrids between domesticated ass and BarchelFs 
vt\}irh,^Zo6logical Society, 

Specimens of llamas, and skulls of Gambian oxen. — Presentt'd 
Uf ike Earl of Derby. 

1856. 

A series of skulls of Indian pariah dogs. — Pre$ented by 
Dr. T. Oldham. 

Skulls of English and Italian greyhounds. — Pre$ented by 
W. YarreU, Esq. 

1858. 

Skull of Chinese " Chow-chow " dog, and skeleton of hornless 
^%,^Zoological Society. 

1859. 

A series of skulls of German breeds of dogs, sheep, etc.-^ 
Dr. A. GUnther. 

Old English bulldog skulL — Presented by Mr. E. Oerrard. 

1862. 

Galla ox skull. — Zoological Society. 

1865 (?). 

Skeleton of Piedmont bull. — Presented by H.M. King Victor 
Emanuel XT. of Italy (to the Zoological Society, from whom it 
was purchased by the Trustees). 

1867. 

A series of sheep and other skulls. — Dr. T. 0. Van Lidth 
di' Jetide. 

Fonnosan ox skull. — Presented by B. Swinhoi'y Esq. 

1876. 

Skeleton of English racehorse, "Stockwell," winner of the 
Two Thousand Guineas and St. Leger, l^bl.— Presented hj 
J. C. Naylor, Esq. 



70 Zoology. 

1882. 

Head and skull of Irish wolf-hound, " Monica." — Presented hy 
Capt, O. A. Oraham. 

1884. 

Humped Indian bull. — Zoological Society. 
Head and skeleton of great Dane, "Jupiter." — Presented hy 
F. Adcocky Esq. 

1885. 

Head and skull of Griffon hound. — Presented hy F. Adcoch, 
Esq. 

1887. 

Skull of Niata bull.— iScnor G. Claraz. 

Japanese long-tailed fowls. — Presented hy the ToJcio Museum. 

Skeleton of Poitou ass. — Presented hy C. L. Sutherland, Esq. 

1888. 

Mounted skin and skeleton of English mastiff. — Presented hy 
H. D. Kingdon, Esq. 

Skeleton of mule. — Presented hy 0. L. Sutherland, Esq. 

1890. 

ChiUingham wild bull. — Presented hy the Earl of Tanhermlle. 
Skeleton of Chillingham bull. — Presented hy the Duke of 
Hamilton. 

1891-95. 

A series of specimens of domesticated canaries. — Presented hy 
various donors, mainly through the instrumentality of W. H. Betts, 
Esq. 

Thirty-two specimens of domesticated pigeons. — Presented hy 
different donors at the instigation of T. B. C. Williams, Esq. 

1896. 

Head of wild goat from Skye. — Presented hy Sir Donald 
Currie. 



Domesticated Animals^ Hyhridsy and Abnormalities. 71 

1897. 

Head of Scotch wild gotX.— Presented by C. OtenfeU, Esq. 

1899. 

Greyhound, " Fullerton,'' mounted skin and skeleton, winner 
of Waterloo Cup, 1889-1892.— Presented by Sir W. J. Ingram, 
Bart. 

1900. 

A aeries of specunens of domesticated rabbits. — Presented by 
Inspector A, Brazier (some in 1901). 

Fat-tailed sheep, mounted skin and skeleton. — Presented by 
W. L Sdater, Esq, 

A number of skulls of ancient Egyptian cattle, goats, and 
dogi,— Presented by Prof. W. M. Flinders-Petrie. 

Egyptian goat, mounted skin and skeleton. — Purchased. 

Smoke Persian cat. — Presented by W. F. Heath, Esq. 

190L 

Head and feet of English racehorse, " Corrie-Roy." — Presented 
hji Sir J. B. Maple, Bart. 

A series of specimens of domesticated mice. — Presented by Sir 
W. J, Ingram^ Bart. 

A number of miniature models of cattle, sheep, pigs, and 
horaes. — Purchased (some in 1902). 

Head of Cape trek-ox. — Presented by South African Cold 
Storage Co. 

Head of Jersey bull ; head and skeleton of bloodhound, 
"Champion Babbo," winner of 21 first prizes ; and skulls of other 
bloodhounds. — Presented by E. Brough, Esq. 

Angora goat. — Presented by J. E. Whittall, Esq. 

Four-homed ram. — Presented by O. E. Bacon, Esq. 

Head of Highland ram. — Presented by A. J. H. Campbell, Esq. 

Male Afghan greyhound. — Presented by Mrs. Whitbread. 

Skull of Devon ox. — Presented by F. Hamlyn, Esq. 

Skeleton of Niata bull. — Presented by Dr. H. P. Moreno. 

Shropshire Sheep. — Presented by Lord Wenlock, O.CS.I. 

Head of Shorthorn bull, "Scottish Archer." — Presented by 
Lord Middleton. 



72 Zoology. 

1902. 

Great Dane dog, "Champion Viking of Redgrave," winner 
of many prizes. — Presented hy Mrs, H. L, HorsfaU. 

Head and skull of Angora goat. — Presented hy Messrs. J. 
Foster, Limited. 

South African piebald ram. — Presented hy E, C. LoumdeSy 
Usq. 

Head and skeleton of ditto. — Presented hy the Duke of Devon- 
shire, K.O, 

Hedjaz fat-rumped sheep, and skuU of Sudan sheep. — Pre- 
sented hy Capt. Stanley S, Flower, 

Spanish fighting bull. — Presented hy E, F, Johnston, Esq, 

Black Chow-chow dog, winner of 6 first prizes and medals, 
head of female red Chow-chow, " Champion Tien," and Eskimo 
dog, " Farthest North," leader of Lieut. Peary's team in Grinnell- 
land. — Presented hy Miss Casella, 

Irish wolf-hound, " O'Le&rj, "—Presented hy O, E, Crisp, Esq, 

St. Bernard dog, "The Deemster," winner of 25-guinea 
challenge cup. — Presented hy H, B, Snary, Esq, 

Fawn mastiff, " Tarquinius," winner of several prizes. — 
Presented hy W, K. Taunton, Esq, 

Skeleton of deerhound, " Champion Rufibrd Bend-Or," winner 
of 50 prizes. — Presented hy F, L. Armstrong, Esq, 

Head and skeleton of brindled mastiff, " Kathleen of River- 
side," winner of 40-guinea challenge cup, 1898 and 1900. — 
Presented hy W, K, Taunton, Esq, 

1903. 

Skull of English racehorse, " Bend-Or," Derby winner, 1880. 
— Presented hy the Duke of Westminster, 

Head of Red Kerry Dexter cow. — Presented hy Mrs, Leatham. 

Head of Highland bulL — Presented hy J, H, Leigh, Esq, 

Pariah dogs. India. — Purchased, 

Dun Kiiatiawar pony. — Presented hy Superintendent, Bombay 
Veterinary Department. 

Bull-dog, " Lucy Stone," winner of several first and special 
prizes, mounted skin and skeleton. — Presented hy W, F. Jefferies^ 
Esq, 

Head of long-horn cow. — Presented hy E. Tivgey, Esq. 

Borzoi, " Wihia."— Prww/erf hy Mr. F. H, CoUings, 



Domesticated Animals, Hybrids y and Abnormalities. 73 

Coloured Dorking fowls. — Presented by Messrs. John Baxly. 

Shetland pony. — Purchased. 

Hairless dog. — Presented by Mrs. Whitbread. 

Female bloodhound, " Champion Chatley Brilliant," winner 
of many first and champion prizes. — Presented by Mrs. OUphant. 

Blue Persian cat. — Presented by Mrs. Herring. 

Bornean goat. — Dr. C. Hose. 

Joura goat. — Zoological Society. 

Three boars' he&da.— Presented by Messrs. O. T, Harris d: Co., 
Limited. 

Female Afghan greyhound. — Presented by Mrs. Whitbread. 

Greyhound, "Champion Fairy" (head and skeleton). — 
Presented by J. J. Holgate, Esq. 

Deerhound, "Marquis of Lome.'*— Presented by B. H. 
WetUey, Esq. 

Wallachian sheep. — Purchased. 

Ix)aQ of old models of British cattle, from which replicas have 
been made.— TOe Duke of Bedford, K.O. 



1904. 

Two heads and one skull of Spanish draught oxen. — Presented 
hn KM. the King. From animals presented by H.M. the Empress 
Ew/enie to H.M. Queen Victoria. 

African hairy ram. Barbados. — Presented by Dr. B. A. StoiUe. 

French bull-dog, or " boule-dogue." — Purchased. 

Head and skull of Ankole oxen. — Presented by Lt.-Col. C. 
Delme-Badcliffe. 

Egyptian pariah dog. — Presented by the Hon. W. Bothschild. 

Hybrid wolf and dingo. — Presented by the Hon. W. Both- 
schild'. 

Skull of Arab mare. — Presented by W. S. Blunt, Esq. 

Coloured Dorking fowls. — Presented by the Hon. Florence 
Amherst. 

With the exceptions of a few specimens of abnormalities in 
dentition, two of roe-buck antlers, and one of the foot of a roe, 
the collection of monstrosities — at present small — is of quite 
recent origin. It includes a remarkable specimen of supernu- 
merary digits in the feet of a Shire cart-horse foal, presented by 
the late Lord Wantage. 



74 Zoology. 

Various Dates. 

A series of hybrid pheasants. — Tariom donors. 
A series of hybrid ducks. — Various donors. 
A series of specimens illustrating the changes of the dentition 
in the horse according to age. — Presented by T. B. GooddUy Esq, 



Alphabetical List of Contbibutobs to the 
Domesticated Sebies.* 

H.M. King Edward VII. [1904] 

H.M. Victor Emanuel II. {King of Italy), [About 1865] 

Adcock (P., Esq,), [1884] 
A breeder of " Great Danes." 

Amherst {Hon, Flobencb). [1904] 

8, Grosvenor Square, W. Daughter of Lord Amherst of Hackney, 
and a breeder of poultry. 

Armstrong (P. L., Esq,), [1902] 

The Grove, Jesmond, Newcastle-on-Tyne. Owner of deerhounds. 

Bacon (G. E., Esq.). [1901] 

Sea6eld, Bunton, Isle of Man. Has presented several Manx animals. 

Baily {Messrs, J.). [1904] 

116, Mount Street, Grosvenor Square^ W. The well-known dealers 
in poultry, game, etc. 

Bedford (Hebbbakd Abthub, 11 M Duke of, K,0,), [1903] . 
Woburn Abbey, Woburn. Owner of a large collection of foreign 
mammals at Woburn. 

Betts (W. H., Esq,). [1891-1895] 
A noted canary-fancier. 

Blunt (W. S., E«g.). [1904] 

Newbuildings Place, near Horsham, Sussex. Owner of a stud of 
Arab horses. 

Bombay Veterinary Department^ Superintendent of. [1903] 
Ahmednagar, Bombay. Donor of a Kathiawar pony. 

Brazier {Inspector A.). [1900-1901] 

Metropolitan Police. A successful breeder of rabbits and pigeons. 

* The dates, as in the Mammal Section, are those when the Bpecimens 
were acquired. 



Domesticated Animals, Hybrids, and Abnormalities. 75 

Brongh (£., Esq.). [1901] 

Wyndgate, near Scarborough. A well-kDown breezier of bloodhoinds 
and owner of a herd of Jersey cattle. 

CampbeU (A. J. H., JS^.). [1901] 

DuDstaffuage, Argyllshire, N.B. Owner of Highland sheep. 

CaseUa (Mis$). [1902] 

1, Wetherby Road, Kensington. Has presented Eskimo and Chinese 
dogs. 

Clapperton {Capt. H., B.N.) and Denham (Lt.-Col D.). 
[Aboat 1825] 
A few specimens from their expedition to Lake Tchad, 1822-24. 

Claraz (Senob G.). [1887] 
A resident in Argentina. 

CollingB (Mr. F. H.). [1903] 

2, Duke Street, St James's, S. W. Donor of a Borzoi dog. 

Crisp (G. E., JBag.). [1902] 

The Hall, Play ford, near Ipswich. Breeder of Irish wolf-hounds. 

Currie (Sir Donald). [1896] 

Head of the firm of Donald Currie & Co., shipowners. 

Delme-Radcliffe {Lt-Ool C). [1904] 

Royal Engineers. Made collections on the Uganda frontier. 

Denham (Lt.-Col D.). [About 1825] 

See CULPPEBTOH. 

Derby (Edwabd, 13/* Earl of). [1848] 

Owner of the well-known collection of foreign animals kept at 
Knowsley Park from 1841 onwards. 

DeYonshire (Spincbb Compton, 8th Duke of, K.Q.). [1902] 
Devonshire House, Piccadilly. Owns a flock of Africat piebald sheep 
at Chatsworth. 

Plinders-Petrie (Professor W. M.). [1900] 

Professor of E^ptology, University College, London. Well-known 
for his collections of ancient Egyptian remains. 

Flower (Captain Staklbt S.). [1902] 

i>upt.. Government Zoological Gardens, Giza, Egypt. Son of the 
late Sir W. H. Flower, K.C.B., Director of the Natural History 
Departments of the British Museum. 

Torter (Ltd., Messrs. J.). [1902] 

Queensburj, Bradford, Yorks. Foreign merchants. 

Oerrard (Mr. E.). [1859] 

61, CoU^e Place, Camden Town. Formerly on the Museum staff as 
osteologist. 



76 Zoology. 

Goodall (T. B., Esq.), 

Purewell Cross, Chrifitcbuich, Hants. Veterinary Surgeon. 

Graham {Capt A.). [1882] 

Rednock, Dursley, Gloucester. Noted for his success in reviving the 
old brred o( Irish wolf-hounds. 

Grenfell (C, Esq.), [1897] 
«9, Eaton Place, S.W. 

Giinther {Dr. A.). [1859] 

Late Keeper of the Zoological Department. 

Hamilton (Alfred Douglas, \Uh Duke of), [1890] 
Hamilton Palace, N.B. Owner of a herd of white park cattle. 

Hamlyn (F., Esq.). [1901] 

Clovelly Court, Barnstaple, Devon. 

Harris (Messrs. C. T., k Co., Limited). [1903] 
Calnp, Wilts. The great dealers in bacon. 

Heath (W. R, Esq.). [1900] 
90, Cromwell Road, S.W. 

Herring (Mrs.). [1903] 

Lestock House, Lee, Kent. Noted for her collection of cats. 

Hodgson (B. H., Esq.), [1845] 

Formerly British Resident at Khatmandu, Nepal, where be made a 
large collection of skins and skulls of animals. 

Holgate (J. J., Esq.). [1903] 

Hook, Surbiton. A greyhound fancier. 

Horsfall (Jtf"r«.) [1901] 

Gatacre Hall, near Bridgenorth, Salop. Owner of " Great Danes." 

Hose (Dr. C). [1903] 

Administrator of British North Borneo, and a well-known naturalist. 

Ingram (Sir W. J., Bart), [1899] 

Cromwell Road, S.W. Owner of greyhound, " Fullerton," and other 
well-known dogs. 

Jefferies (W. R). [1903] 

Rosemeatb, 29, Grove Park, Denmark Hill, S.E. A breeder of bull- 
dogs, and late owner of " Lucy Stone." 

Johnston (E. R, Esq,), [1902] 

H.B.M. Consul, Seville, Spain. 
Kingdon (H. D., Esq.). [1888] 

A breeder of mastiffs. 

Leatham (Mrs.), [1903] 

Misarden Park, Cirencester. A breeder of Dexfcr-Kcrry cattle. 



Domesticated Animals^ HybridSy and Abnormalities. 77 

Leigh (J. H., ^.)- C^^^^] 

Matchams Park, Ringwood, Hants. OMmcr of a herd of HighlaDd 
cattle. 

Iddth de Jeude (Dr. T. G. Van). [1867] 

A collector in Utrecht, from whom many spec! mens were purchaHed. 

Lowndes (E. C, Esq,). [1902] 

Gistle Coombe, Chippenham, Wilts. Owner of a flock of S. African 
piebald sheep. 

Maple {Sir J. B., Bart.), [1901] 

Child wickbury, St. Albany. Owner and breeder of racehorses. 

Middleton (Digby Wentwobth Bayard Willoughby, 9M 
Baron). [1901] 
Birdaall, Yorks. A breeder of shorthorn cattle. 

Moreno {Dr. W. P.). [1901] 

Director of the La Plata Museum, Argentina. 

Naylor (J. C, JB^.). [1876] 

A well-known breeder of race-borses, and owner of " Stockwell." 

Oldham {Dr. T., the laU). [1856] 

Late Superintendent, Geological Survey of India, Calcutta. 

OUphant {Mrs.). [1903] 

87, Upper Tuliw Hill. A well-known blood-hound breeder. 

Rothschild {Em. Walteb, JIf.P.). [1904] 

Tring Park, Tring. Owner of a private museum at Tring. 

Sdater (W. L., Esq.). [1900] 

Director, S. African Museuin, Cape Town. Son of Dr. P. L. Sclatcr, 
late Secretary of the Zoological Society. 

Snary (H. B., .E«g.). [1902] 

II, Camden Hill Road, Upi)er Norwood, S.E. Interested in dogs. 

South African Cold Storage Co. [1901] 
Cape Town. Donor of a trek-ox head. 

Stoute {Dr. R. A,). [1904] 

Medical Officer, Barbados, W. Indies. Donor of a hairy sheep. 

Sutherland (C. L., Esq.). [1887 and 1888] 

Joint author, with Mr. Tegetmeier, of a book on mules and mule- 
breeding. 

Swinhoe (R., Esq.). [1867] 

Late H. B. M. Consul in China. A diligent collector of animals and 
naturalist. 

Tankerville (Gbobgb Montagu, 1th Earl of). [1890] 

Chillingham Park, Northumberland. Owner of the celebrated herd 
of white park cattle. 



78 Zoology. 

Taunton (W. K., Esq.). [1902] 

82, Hatton Garden, E.G., and Acacia Hoiue, Mortlake. Well-known 
dog-owner. 

Tingey (E., lfe<z.). [1903] 

Diirsiugham, King^s Lynn. A breeder of long-hom cattle. 

Tokio Museum. [1887] 
Tokio, Japan. 

Wantage (Robert James Loyd-Lindsay, Ist Barm). [1901] 
The Manor, Lockingc, Wantage. A breeder of shire cart-horses. 

Wenlock (Beilby, 3rd Baron, O.C.S.L). [1901] 

Escrick Park, Yorks. Owns a well-known herd of Shropshire sheep. 

Westiey (R. H., Esq,). [1903] 

7, Micbeldever Road, Lee, Kent. Owner of deer-hounds. 

Westminster (Hugh Richard Arthur, 2nd Duke of). [1903] 
Eaton Hall, Cheshire. 0>\'ner of a stud of racehorses. 

Whitbread {Mrs.). [1901] 

Northumberland Park, Tottenham. Owner and breeder of several 
descriptions of foreign dogs. 

WhittaU (J. E., Esq.). [1901] 

c'/o Messrs. WhittaU & Co., Merchants, Constantinople. Donor of an 
Angora goat. 

Williams (T. B. C, Esq.). [1891-1895] 

YarreU (W., Esq.). [1856] 

The well-known ornithologist. Sec Bird Collection. 

Zoological Society of London. 



3. BIRDS. 
By R. BOWDLER SHARPE. 



I. General Sketch. 

Sib Hans Sloane's Museum undoubtedly formed the ground- 
work on which the great Zoological Collection of the British 
Miueam was founded. In 1753 the number of ornithological 
qiedmens was stated to be 1,172 ; these, however, were not all 
iDoanted birds, but contained many fragmentary specimens, such 
as Hombill's heads, and odd bones. His collection of zoological 
objects could never have been of the same importance as his 
Herbarium (</. Hist. Coll., vol. i.. Botany, p. 81), or even of his 
collection of minerals (c/. Hist. Coll., Minerals, pp. 355, 356), 
and, as far as I know, not a single specimen of a bird from the 
Sloane Collection now exists in the Museum. All have perished. 
Many specimens procured during Captain Cook's voyages 
were either in the Banksian Collection or in the British Museum, 
or were supposed to be there. These specimens have also 
perished, the reason probably being that they were inadequately 
pr^red, were always mounted, and, from a lack of appreciation 
of their priceless value, were allowed to decay, through a want 
of proper curatorial knowledge. In Latham's " General Synopsis 
of Birds" (1781-1785) are mentioned a great number of species 
described from specimens in the British Museum, not one of 
which now survives. 

There is apparently but one relic of the birds obtained by 
Captain Cook, viz. a Tree Starling, Aplonis uUetensiSy which has 
persisted in a kind of mummified state to the present day, after 
having been mounted and exposed to the dust and light of the 
old British Museum for nearly a century. 

The Montagu Collection of British birds was purchased by the 
nation in 1816. Colonel Montagu, who had corresponded with 
Gilbert White, was a first-rate ornithologist in his day. Not one 
of his specimens was properly prepared — apparently no preserva- 
tive worthy of the name having been used — and I have felt the 
greatest anxiety as to the preserving of the relics of this ancient 
British collection. The bones of the neck and other bones of the 
body were left in the specimens, which were set up by no means 



80 Zoology. 

badly. During the thirty years that they have been under my 
care, many have been attacked by small mites (in spite of the 
camphor-laden atmosphere of the cases) and have fallen to pieces. 
Notwithstanding all the efforts of the Museum taxidermists, it 
has seldom been possible to dismount any specimens from the 
Montagu Collection, and they have mostly been transferred 
bodily to the cabinets of skins. Owing to the specimens having 
no preservative, many of them, especially the fat and heavy ones, 
fell to pieces from their own weight in course of time. This was 
regrettably the case with the British-killed Great Bustard {Otii 
tarda) which collapsed a few years ago. 

The method of preserving specimens in Montagu's time can 
best be imagined by reading the "short directions" given by Johann 
B«inhold Forster, " for collecting, preserving, and transporting 
all kinds of Natural History Curiosities." These directions are 
appended to Forster's " Catalogue of the Animals of North 
America, containing an Enumeration of the known Quadrupeds, 
Birds, Reptiles, Fish, Insects, Crustaceous and Testaceous 
Animals ; many of which are new and never described before." 
This scarce little pamphlet was published in 1771 by Benjamin 
White, Gilbert White's eldest brother, at " Horace's Head, in 
Fleet Street." A reproduction of this pamphlet, from a copy in 
Professor Newton's possession, was published by the Willughby 
Society in 1882. 

It may be interesting to give Forster's " short directions " for 
preserving a bird, as it explains the method in vogue in his time, 
and it is not to be wondered at that specimens, so treated, decayed 
in the course of a century : — " Birds must be opened at the vent, 
their entrails, lungs, and craws taken out, washed with the 
preparing liquor, strewed with the preparing powder, stuffed 
with the prepared oakhum or tow ; their plumage kept clean 
during the operation, sewed up with thread steeped in the 
preparing liquor ; the eyes t<iken out, with the tongue, and both 
places washed with the same liquor ; the mouth must be filled 
with prepared tow in great birds, the eyes filled up with putty, 
and, when dry, painted with oil-colour after the natural colour of 
live birds, of the same species, and then dried in an oven ; how- 
ever, as there is all the meat on the bird left, care must be taken 
not to take too plump or too fat birds, and dry them slowly under 
the same precaution as mentioned No. 1 [Quadrupeds]. Tlie 
operation must })e repeated till the bird be perfectly dry. The 
attitude may be given to the bird before he be put in the oven, 



Birds. 81 

bj wires that are ^arp on one end and thrusted through the bird's 
kgB, body, breast, and neck, and others going through the wings 
and bodj. Small birds are likewise well preserved in brandy, 
rack, or rum ; and when arrived at their place of destination 
th^ must be washed and sweetened in fresh water for several 
times, and lastly dipped in the preparing liquor, the plumage 
kid in order, the attitude given to the bird by wires, and then 
dried. Care must be taken to kill the birds with shot 
pit^rtioned to their size, and at a reasonable distance, that the 
q)ecimen may not be mangled and torn. Young birds which 
hsTe not yet moulted must not be taken ; but old birds in full 
feather, and, if possible, a specimen of each sex j for the sexes 
often vary very much in size, feather, and colour. The nests of 
birds and their eggs would likewise contribute towards perfecting 
the history of this branch in zoology." 

The " liquor " was thus composed : " An ounce of Sal Am- 
moniac, dissolved in a quart of water, in which afterwards 
two ounces of corrosive sublimate Mercury must be put, or four 
OQQces of Arsenic may be boiled in two quarts or two quarts and 
a half of water, till all or the greater part of it be dissolved, and 
the liquor may serve for the same purpose to wash the inside of 
the skin : then the whole cavity must be stuffed with oakhum or 
tow, likewise imbibed with the same liquor, afterwards dried and 
mixed with a powder of four parts of Tobacco-sand, four parts of 
pounded black Pepper, one part of burnt Alum, and one part of 
corrosive Sublimate or Arsenic." No wonder that specimens thus 
treated fell to pieces in course of time, and it is doubtful whether 
the birds of Colonel Montagu's Collection had even this amount 
of preservative bestowed upon them. 

Professor Newton can remember old Montague House, as it 
stood before the present British Museum took its place. Two of 
our attendants, Mr. Edward Gerrard and Mr. John Saunders, 
actually served in the time of the old building ; and in the old 
brew-house of the estate, which stood on the west of the present 
Museum boundary, in Great Russell Street, the coppers were 
used by them for boiling the skeletons of seals and other large 
manmials from the Parry, Ross, and Franklin Expeditions. 
Mr. Saunders tells me that the painted ceilings and wall decora- 
tions mentioned below were bought, on the demolition of the 
original house, by the lodge-keeper, a shrewd old man named 
Sivier, who had been butler to the celebrated Lord Lyndhurst. 
He re-sold them, and made a good bit of money by the trans- 

VOL. II. Q 



82 Zoology. 

action. Montague House, where the collections were first installed, 
was a large mansion, standing in its own grounds, with a high 
brick wall surrounding it. The oil-paintings which hung in the 
old Bird-Gallery at Bloomsburj had been on the walls in Montague 
House, within Mr. Garrard's recollection. The specimens were 
all mounted in cases round the sides of the rooms, as well as in 
pier-cases and table-cases down the centre of the latter. 

In 1845 the present British Museum at Bloomsbury was 
completed, and a large series of birds, forming undoubtedly the 
best public gallery of the age, was placed on view. These 
specimens suffered to some extent from light, but more from 
soot and dust, which penetrated the wall-cases from behind, the 
wood-work being split from too close proximity to the coils of 
the heating apparatus. 

The Zoological Department was only slowly expanded from 
the days of Sir Joseph Banks. Solander, who accompanied 
Banks during Cook's first voyage (1768-71) had been made 
successively an Assistant, Assistant-Keeper, and Keeper, of the 
Natural History Departments. Shaw, Konig, Leach, and 
Children had succeeded him as Assistant-Keepers and Keepers, 
and most of them were efficient and zealous men. In 1824 John 
Edward Gray became an Assistant, and in 1840 he was made 
Keeper of the Zoological Department, a post which he held for 
34 years. Th(& Assistant in charge of the birds was George 
Robert Gray, his brother, who entered the Museum in 1831, and 
was Assistant-Keeper from 1869 to 1872, when he died in harness. 

During the 34 years that Dr. J. E. Gray reigned over the 
Zoological Department, immense progress in the development of 
the collections took place, not merely as the results of surveying 
voyages, such as those of the Battlesnake, Erebus and Terror^ 
and many others ; but the increase was mostly due to the extra- 
ordinary energy of Dr. Gray, who set himself the task of making 
his department the foremost in the world. He has never received 
full credit for his exertions, for he had to fight against much 
prejudice within the Museum walls, and when the grants for 
purchases had been expended, he would freely spend his own 
money in buying specimens which he deemed to be of importance 
to the collection. It must be remembered that in the early days of 
the nineteenth century, England occupied but a poor position from 
a zoological standpoint, and France was at the zenith of her fame 
as regards exploration and the encouragement of science. Paris, 
Berlin, Leyden, were all increasing their zoological collections, 



Birds. 83 

and England was put to the test to keep pace with the progress 
of the Continental museums. That this country held its own so 
well is ondoubtedlj due to the enthusiasm of John Edward Gray. 
His brother, Greorge Robert Gray, was a man of a totally 
different stamp, of much quieter temperament, and not moved to 
strenuous exertion ; he had, moreover, no acquaintance with the 
habits of birds, and Professor Newton (Diet. Birds, Intr., p. 30) 
describes him correctly as a " thoroughly conscientious clerk." 
This he certainly was, as he worked assiduously in a clerk-like 
manner, with a clear comprehension of the compilation of 
synonymy, but he had no knowledge of birds in life. A story 
is told of him that, as he was being continually twitted about 
his ignorance of birds in the field, he one day hired a gun, and 
went into Hertfordshire to shoot birds. He was promptly 
arrested by a keeper for trespassing. 

Whether the story be true or merely hen trocatOy it is certain 
that George Gray had a working knowledge of birds from their 
skins, and during his long connection with the Zoological 
Department, he became acquainted with all the best Ornithologists 
d his time, so that, as the result of his own and their studies, 
the British Museum possessed a well-named, if a small, collection 
<rf birds. His greatest work was the " Genera of Birds," 
published in three folio volumes, long ago out of print and now 
much enhanced in price. The work was arranged on the old 
Cuvierian classification, with its rostral system, Tenuirostresy 
FimrostreSy etc., but the characters of families and genera were 
detailed, with a list of the species known up to the time of publica- 
tion. Illustrations were given of the generic characters of birds, 
most of these being drawn by D. W. Mitchell, who was subse- 
quently Secretary of the Zoological Society. Mitchell also executed 
most of the coloured plates for Gray's work, but a few were done by 
Josef Wolf, who had not long before come to England, but who 
was already taking his place as the greatest natural-histpry artist 
the world has ever seen. 

As a Museum curator it is possible that Gray did the collec- 
tions some harm, but for this the system of management then 
in vogue was chiefly responsible, even if he cannot be entirely 
acquitted of a want of judgment. It was the custom, not only in 
the British Museum, but in every other museum in Europe, to 
mount every specimen of value in the public galleries : the more 
valuable the specimen, the more was it exposed in the gallery, 
there to perish. The idea of the ofl&cers in charge of the 

a 2 



84 Zoology. 

Mammals and Birds was that the public demanded to see all the 
rare and unique specimens, and it is equally certain that some 
donors made a great fuss if their specimens were not all exhibited. 
The consequences were absurd. When I began to unmount the 
historical specimens in the Bird-gallery, I found in one case 
eleven specimens of an Eagle, all young birds in the same 
plumage, and from the same country, mounted in a row, and 
where one of the birds had lost a leg, the want was supplied 
by a wire substitute. Not one of the eleven specimens gave 
a proper idea of the bird in life. In those days there were 
no explanatory labels, and the public wandered about the 
galleries, fatigued with the sameness of the exhibitions provided, 
from which they could learn nothing, nor was any attempt made 
to teach them. My own experience, as a boy, was that, in the 
bird-section at least, a student was an unwelcome visitor, and his 
appearance on the scene resented. This was certainly my own 
case, for I had always but a short time to spare, as it was seldom 
that I could get leave of absence from the Zoological Society, even 
for an hour. I therefore always took the precaution to write to 
Mr. G. R. Gray two or three days beforehand, to ask him to 
have the specimens ready for me to compare when I arrived, so 
that the time of both of us might be saved. These precautions 
were often useless ; the visitor was informed on arrival that there 
was a Trustees* meeting to be prepared for, or some other function 
intervening, to prevent the Curator from attending to the visitor, 
who was then told to see what he could through the glass in 
the gallery, the Curator arriving with the keys of the cases about 
half an hour later. When one wanted to examine any unmounted 
specimens, these were to be found in wooden boxes, a hundred or 
more skins huddled together, so that it was often necessary to 
turn out the whole contents of the box on the table to search for 
a particular specimen. In this way the plumage of the birds 
was ruffled, the legs and wings torn off, and great injury to the 
skins resulted. 

It was undoubtedly this want of management on the part of 
the Museum Curators that led to the formation of the great 
private collections in the nineteenth century. It was on these 
that all the sound ornithological work of this country was based, 
and no one cared to visit the British Museum, unless he were 
forced to do so for the purpose of examining some special type 
or historical specimen. 

After the publication of his very useful " Handlist of 



Birds. 85 

Birds," in which Gray focnssed all his knowledge acquired since 
the " Genera of Birds " had been published, he conceived the 
ide» of labelling the collection of birds'-skins according to the 
nomenclature of the "Handlist." He commenced by having 
some labels printed with a " Handlist No." attached, and he then 
proceded to tranfer the localities, etc., of the specimens (or what 
be imagined to be these particulars) from the original labels on to 
the ** Handlist " labels, snipping off the collectors' tickets, which 
were at the same time destroyed. Only one box of birds had been 
tho8 treated by Gray, viz., the genus PraHncola^ when his death 
took place, and the collection was saved ! These remarks are not 
made in> any spirit of unkindness, for Gray was no worse than 
uy other curator of his time. At the same period Schlegel was 
monntmg every specimen as it came into the great collection at 
Lejden, and the same system is pursued to this day in some 
Moaeoms, so that every specimen, however rare or of historical 
value, is doomed to destruction : it is only a question of time. 
A mounted specimen may last six months or fifty years — accord- 
ing to the precautions which are taken by the officers in charge of 
the museum to exclude the light — but the result is inevitable, and 
the specimen sooner or later becomes bleached and deteriorated. 

When I entered the service of the Museum in 1872, 
Dr. John Edward Gray was still Keeper of the Zoological 
D^Murtment, and Dr. Gunther was Assistant-Keeper. A new 
era in the administration was about to commence. The 
''Catalogue of Birds" was undertaken in a similar form to 
Dr. Gonther's celebrated '* Catalogue of Fish," and it is certain 
that the completion of the Bird Catalogue is due to his excellent 
management and administration. The work took 24 years to 
complete, and ran to 27 volumes, which were written by eleven 
different authors, as has been amusingly recorded by Dr. Sclater 
in the introduction to the '* Avium Generum Index Alphabeticus," 
forming voL ix. of the " Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' 
Club.* 

'* De Catalogi Avium Magni Scripiorxbua undecim" 

" Sharpius incepit scripntgue volumina multa ; 
SeebohmuB sequilury promptus ad auxilium. 
TeuUmicus, zelo plenus, venit inde Qadovus, 
Salvinusque banam prsebet amicus opem. 
Jam Sclaierua adestf tria longa volumina complens 
Americanarum noiut amana avium. 



86 Zoology. 

Expers Hargitius nunc Picos ordinal amnes, 
Hariertusque sagax Cypselidas numerai, 
MuHum etiam pensse Shelleyi profuii ardor, 
Multum Saundern mens operosa dedit. 
ClaruB ah Italia jam Sahadorius adstat, 
Et tandem Ghrantus fine coronat opus" 

When I first came to London, in 1863, I was fall of en- 
thusiasm for ornithology, and by the time that I was appointed 
the first Librarian of the Zoological Society in 1867, I was 
already writing my " Monograph of the Alcedinid«" and had 
occasionally to visit the British Museum to examine types and 
specimens of rare Kingfishers. No one of the present generation, 
who visits the Zoological Department at the present time, can 
have any conception of the difficulties under which we worked in 
the days of the old British Museum. At the end of the 
Egyptian Gallery there was a series of rooms, to which one 
descended by some downward steps in a dark comer. The rooms 
in which the members of the Zoological Department worked, had 
been originally intended for cellars or store-rooms — windows had 
to be knocked in the walls — and in the gloom of this under- 
ground dungeon many of the Catalogues of the collections were 
compiled. In this ^' Insect room," as it was called, the assistants 
were crowded together, and there was no space for spreading out 
any series of birds for study. 

It was under such circumstances that the "Catalogue of 
Birds" was begun. Dr. Sclater, in reviewing one of my 
early volumes of this work, commenced his article as foUowa 
(Nature, vol. 16, 1877, pp. 541-542); "If the visitor to the 
British Museum will pause at the foot of the staircase leading 
up to the Paleontological gallery and look carefully into the 
obscurity in the right hand corner he will perceive a door with a 
brass plate on one side of it. On entering this door and 
descending (with care) a flight of darkened steps, he will find 
himself in the cellar, which has for many years constituted the 
workshop of our national zoologists. Two small studies parti- 
tioned off to the left are assigned to the keeper of the department 
and his first assistant. The remsLining naturalists are herded 
together in one apartment commonly called the * Insect-room,' 
along with artists, messengers, and servants. Into this room is 
shewn everybody who has business in the Zoological Department 
of the British Museum, whether he comes as student to examine 



Birds. 87 

the collections, or as a tradesman to settle an account. Amid 
the perpetual interruptions thus caused, our national zoologist 
has to pursue his work. 

"" Some of the specimens are here, some in the galleries over- 
head, and some are stored away in cellars at a still lower depth 
than that in which he sits at work. The library attached to 
the department contains merely some of the most obvious books 
of reference ; all others have to be obtained on loan from the great 
national depository of books in the centre of the building. No 
lights are allowed, and when the fogs of winter set in, the 
obscurity is such that it is difficult to see any object requiring 
minute examination. 

" Under these circumstances, which we trust to see materially 
altered when the zoological collections are moved to their new 
home in South Kensington, it is more than creditable to our 
looIogiBts that they should have turned out the large amount of 
scientific work that has issued from their department of the 
British Museum during the past thirty years." 

The collections of Bird-skins were packed in boxes, which 

were arranged in book-cases, some round the wall of the 

Assistant-Keeper's study, others in the dark passage by which 

the Insect-room was approached. As the collection of big birds 

increased, larger wooden boxes were provided, which were placed 

in racks in the same outside passage, and in the recesses behind 

the Bird-gallery upstairs, each box requiring two men to carry 

it; but these larger boxes were constructed after Gray's death, 

▼ith a view to the transference of the collection from Bloomsbury 

to South Kensington. Some idea of the increase in the collection 

of Bird-skins between the years 1872 and 1883 may be gained 

from the fact that, in the former year, the specimens of Birds 

of Pk^y, or Accipitres, occupied only a few wooden boxes, and 

vere all contained within a single book-case in the Insect-room 

passage. Eleven years later, when they were removed to 

South Kensington, these birds occupied 108 boxes, measuring 

3 X 1 J X 1 ft., each requiring two men to lift it. They now 

fin thirty great cabinets, extending down one entire side of the 

Bird-room in the Natural History Museum. 

I have no exact record of the number of specimens of birds 
and their eggs which existed in 1872, when I took over the charge 
of the collections, but I should reckon the mounted birds at 
about 10,000, the skins and eggs at the most 20,000 more, so 
that an estimate of the total number of specimens at 35,000 is 



88 Zoology. 

probably excessive. The number at the present day cannot be 
less than 400,000, including 100,000 eggs. 

By the time of Dr. Gunther's accession to the Keepership of 
the Department, a great improvement in the tone of the latter 
had taken place. The accounts were more regularly kept, and the 
expenditure of the following financial year was not mortgaged in 
advance, as had been so often the case in previous years. The new 
Keeper showed great vigour in ameliorating the condition of the 
public galleries, replacing the bleached and faded specimens by 
well mounted examples. A particular feature of his adminis- 
tration was the introduction of a series of British birds and their 
nests, mounted so as to represent the actual surroundings of 
the latter. This was a scheme which I hctd always had much 
at heart, and the first, of these natural groups was that of the 
Coots, which I procured at Avington Park in Hampshire — parent 
birds, nest, and eggs — the whole group being presented to the 
Museum by my old friend. Sir Edward Shelley. A few groups 
were presented by Mr. Theodore Walker, of Leicester, but the 
bulk of the birds and nests were obtained for the Museum by Lord 
Walsingham, to whom the public owes a deep debt of gratitude. 
One feature of these exhibitions of ^^ British birds in their haunts '' 
is not generally known. In each case the scene is as nearly a 
reproduction of the actual facts as could be attained. The birds 
that actually built the nest and laid the eggs are there, and the 
bush or tree, the herbage and the flowers, are also reproduced, 
as they were on the day when the nest was taken. Although 
America has claimed the services of one of the ladies who did 
the reproduction of the leaves and flowers, we can still command 
the services of other clever ladies who are adepts at modelling 
foliage, so that the counterfeit leaves and flowers can scarcely 
be distinguished from the actual living plants. Dr. Giinther 
determined from the first to reproduce nothing but the actual 
facts, so as to give, as far as possible, a true life-picture of 
the birds as they were in life. Thus specimens in their worn 
nesting plumage have not been replaced by handsomer birds 
which did not belong to the actual nest. This much, therefore, can 
be claimed for the Museum series of British birds and their nests, 
that the cases represent faithfully the actual conditions as they 
existed on the day when the nests were discovered. 



Birds. 89 

In the earlier days of the British Museum there does not 
seem to have been any attempt to issue an authentic Guide-book 
as to its contents. An anonymous author published a little 
work m 1761, entitled " The Greneral Contents of the British 
Moaeum : with Remarks. Serving as a Dii*ectory in viewing that 
Noble Cabinet." Two editions of this book (1761, 1762) were 
printed for R. and J. Dodsley, in Pall Mall. The remarks on 
the bird collections are of no importance. 

We are, therefore, only able to gain some idea of the extent 
of th^e early collections from the ^^ General Synopsis of Birds," 
OMnpiled by the celebrated ornithologist, Dr. John Latham, of 
Dartford. In this great work, consisting of three volumes (each 
in two parts, making six volumes in all), with two Supplements, 
he describes all the birds known to him, and bestows an English 
name on each, many of these names being still accepted in 
popuhur parlance at the present day. The great value of 
Latham's book, as a history, consists in the fact that he indicated 
the species existing in the British Museum at the end of the 
18th century, so that we are able to compile a tolerably 
complete record of the contents of the Bird-room in the first 
days of the British Museum. 

Latham separates Birds into two Divisions, viz. Land Bibdb 
(Vols. i.-ii., 1781-1783), and Water Birds (Vol. iil, 1785); 
each volume being in two parts. 

His object was to give a complete list of known birds, 
with descriptions and synonymy. He included all the species 
mentioned by Buffon in his " Histoire Naturelle des Oiseaux," 
and followed Ray in his primary division of the class into 
" Land " and " Water " Birds. He also determined to adhere to 
Linnean Crenera, except in a few cases, and proclaimed his 
scheme in his " Preface ** (p. iv) as follows : — 

*'In these sheets will be found near four times the number of 
birds mentioned in the " Systema Naturse " ; the additions to which 
will be drawn from the authors which have appeared since that 
publication, added to a great number of species not mentioned 
before by anyone. This we shall be enabled to do from the 
numerous collections in Natural History which have been formed 
of late years in England, and in which, in course, a multitude of 
new subjects have been introduced from various parts of the 
world, but more especially within these few years from the 
indefatigable researches of those who have made so great dis- 
coveries in the Southern Ocean." 



90 Zoology. 

Speaking of the museums of his day, he adds this note : — 
" Among these, the magnificent one at Leicester House, formed by 
Sir Ashton LeveVy ought to be particularly mentioned, as likewise 
the favours received from the inspection of numerous subjects, 
the produce of the last and the former voyages to the South Seas, 
in the possession of Jos, Banks, Esq,, P.R.S., Soho Square." 

" It will be necessary, however, to remark that, on account of 
the uncertainty of the return of the last circumnavigating ships, 
the Aecipitrine order, here first published, was printed off before 
their arrival in England, by which means a few new species ci 
the Falcon genus have been excluded from their place. This has 
of necessity obliged us to introduce them by means of duplicate 
pages, marked with an asterisk." 

The preface is signed by Latham as from Dartford, on the 1st 
of January, 1781. The book was published by Benjamin White, 
the elder brother of Gilbert White. The latter, however, does 
not seem to have ever met Latham personally, though Latham 
was acquainted with Pennant, by correspondence at least. 

It will be seen from the above preface that Latham was 
specially indebted for some of his descriptions to the Leverian 
Museum and the Banksian Collections. Some of the species are 
stated to be in the "Tower Menagerie" and in the "Royal 
Society's Museum," as well as in his own collection. Some field- 
notes were given to him by Dr. Solander and Dr. Johann Rein- 
hold Forster, on their return from Capt. Cook's voyages. 

The following species are recorded by Latham as being in 
the British Museum : — 

DIVISION I. LAND BIRDS. 

King Vulture. Vol. i., p. 7 { = Oyparchus papa [L.]). 
Carrion Vulture, p. 9 { = Caihartes aura [L.]). 
Sea-Eagle, p. 30 {=Haliaetus alhicilla [L.]). 

" This species was also met with in Botany Island by Captain 
Cook." The bird observed by the latter must have been an 
immature Haliaettm leucogaster. 

Spotted Eagle, p. 38 ( = Aquila maculata, Gm.). 

Osprey, p. 45 ( = Pandion haliaetus [L.]). 

New Zealand Falcon, p. 57 {^Harpa novse zealandiae 

[Gm.]). 
Goshawk, p. 58 ( = Astur palumharius [L. J). 



Birds. 91 

Kite, p. 64 ( = Milvus milvus [L.]). 

Surinam Falcx)n, p. 84 { = FcUco sufflator, L.). 

Kestril, p. 94 {^Cerchneia tinnunculua [L.]). 

Sparrow Hawk, p. 99 (=Aceipiter niaus [L.]). 

Hobby p. 103 { = Falco $ubhuUo, L.). 

Orange-breasted Hobby, n. sp., p. 105 ( = Falco aurantiusy 

Gm.). 
Merlin, p. 107 ( = Falco msalon, Tunst.). 

The species of Owls mentioned by Latham as being in the 
British Musenm were the following : — 

* Eared Owls, Vol. i., p. 116. 

Great-Eared Owl, p. 116 {^Bubo Imbo [L.]). 
Red-Eared Owl, p. 123 { = Pi9arhina ano [L.]). 
Short-Eared Owl, p. 124 {=Asio accipitrinua [Pall.]). 

••With smooth heads. Vol. i., p. 132. 

Snowy Owl, p. 132 {^Nyctea nyrtea [L.]). 

Cinereous Owl, n. sp., p. 134 {=Scotiaptex ctnerea [Gm.]) 

White Owl, p. 138 { = Strix flammea, L.). 

Tawny Ow^ p. 139 (=Symium aluco [L.]). 

Brown Owl, p. 140 ( = 8ymium aluco [L.]). 

Little Owl, p. 150 { = Athene noctua [Scop.]). 

In Order II., the Pies (Vol. i., part i., p. 153), are men- 
tioned the following Shrikes as being in the British Museum : — 

Great Cinereous Shrike, p. 160 ( = Lanius excubitoff L.). 

Red-backed Shrike, p. 167 {^Lanius collurio, L.). 

Tyrant Shrike, p. 184 ( = Tyrannus pipiri, Vieill.). 

Pied Shrike, p. 190 {= Thamnophilus doliatus [L.]). 

Spotted Shrike, p. 190 { = Thamnophilus nsevius [Gm.]). 
fDusty Shrike, p. 191 { = Lanius obscurus, Gm.). 
fBrown Shrike, p. 191 { = Lanius fuscuSj Gm.). 

Genus v. Parrot. Vol. i., p. 199. 
With uneven tails. 

Blue-bellied Parrot, p. 213 { = Trichoglossus novse hoi- 

landise [Gm.]). 
Rose-ringed Parrakeet, p. 235 {^Falssomis torquata 

[Bodd.]). 

t Tbeie two appear to be species of Formicariida:, but tbey Lave not aa 
jet been identified. 



Birds. 93 

Genus x. Awi. Vol. i., pt. i., p. 360. 

Lesser Ani, p. 360 ( = Crotophaga ani [L.]). Of, Shelley^ 
Cat. B., xix., p. 429 (1891). 

Genus xi. Wattle-bird. Vol. i., pt. i., p. 364. 

Genus xii. Crow. Vol. i., pt. i., p. 366. 

Raven, p. 367 ( = Corvu8 corax, L.). 

Carrion Crow, p. 370 (=Corone corone [L.]). 

Rook, p. 372 ( = Trypanoeorcix frugilegus [L.]). 

Hooded Crow, p. 374 ( = Corone comix [L.]). 

Jackdaw, p. 378 ( = Coloeus monedula [L.]). 

Jay, p. 384 {=Garrulus glandarius [L.]). 

Blue Jay, p. 386 ( = Oyanocittn cristata [L.]). 

Magpie, p. 392 ( = Pica pica [L.]). 

Nutcracker, p. 400 ( = Nuci/raga caryocatactes [L.]). 

Red-l^ged Crow, p. 401 ( = Chraculus graeulua [L.]). 

Grenus xiii. Roller. Vol. i., pt. i., p. 405. 

Garmlus Roller, p. 406 ( = Coradas garrulus, L.). 
*Blae Roller, p. 412 (= Coradas csBrulea, Gm.). 
^Ultramarine Roller, p. 413 ( = Coradas cyanea, Gm.). 

Genus xiv. Oriole. Vol. i., pt. ii., p. 417 (1782). 

Red-winged Oriole, p. 428 ( = Agelseus phceniceus [L.]). 
Baltimore Oriole, p. 432 ( = Icterus haltimore [L.]). 
White-winged Oriole, p. 440 ( = Tcichyphonus melaleucus 

[Sparrm.], Oriolus leucopterus, Gm., pt.). 
Black Oriole, p. 445 { = Quiscafus niger [Bodd.]). 
Crolden Oriole, p. 449 ( = Oriolus gaUmla, L.). 

Genus xv. Grakle. Vol. i., pt. ii., p. 455. 

Minor Grakle, p. 455 ( = Eulahes religiosus [L.]). 
Boat-tailed Grakle, p. 460 ( = Quiscalus crassirostris [Sw.]). 
Purple Grakle, p. 462 ( = Quiscalus versicolor^ Vieill.). 

Genus xvi. Paradise Bird. Vol. i., pt. ii., p. 469. 

Greater Paradise Bird, p. 471 {=Paradi8ea apoda [L.]). 
King Paradise Bird, p. 475 ( = Cicinnurus regius [L.]). 

* TheM two species are apparently not true Rollers. I have not been 
bJe to determine the species with certainty, as the specimens have perished. 



94 Zoology. 

Genus xvii. Curucui. Vol. i., pt. ii., p. 484. 

Genus, xviii. Barbet. Vol. i., pt. ii., p. 493. 

Black-spotted Barbet, p. 496 { = Capiio niger [P. L. S. 

Miill.]). 
Black-throated Barbet, p. 501 ( = TricholsMna leucomelan 

[Bodd.]). 
Buff-faced Barbet, p. 504 ( = XanthoUoma heematocephala 

[Mull.]). 

Genus xix. Cuckow. Vol. i., pt. ii., p. 508. 

Common Cuckow, p. 509 (=OucttZtM canorus, L.). 
Caroline Cuckow, p. 537 ( = Coccyzus americanus [L.]). 

Genus xx. Wryneck. Vol. i., pt. ii., p. 547. 
Wryneck, p. 548 {=Iynx torquiUa^ L.). 

Genus xxi. Woodpecker. Vol. i., pt. ii., p. 550. 
With three toes. 

Striped-bellied Woodpecker, p. 563 (f = CeophlaeuB ery- 

throps). 
Greater-spotted Woodpecker, p. 564 ( = Dendrocopus major 

[L.]). 
Lesser-spotted Woodpecker, p. 566 ( = Dendrocopus minor 

[L.]). 
Yellow-bellied Woodpecker, p. 574 { = Sphyropicus varins 

[L.]). 
Green Woodpecker, p. 577 ( = Oecinus viridis [L.]). 
Rufous Woodpecker, p. 594 {=Celeus rufus [Gm.]). 
Gold-winged Woodpecker, p. 597 ( = Colaptes auratus [L.]). 
Northern Three-toed Woodpecker, p. 60 (=Picoides ti-i- 

daciylus [L.]). 

Genus xxii. Jacamar. Vol. i., pt. ii., p. 603. 
Green Jacamar, p. 603 {=^Galbula viridis. Lath.). 

Genus xxiii. Kjngsfisher. Vol. i., pt. ii., p. 550. 
Common Kingsfisher, p. 626 ( = Alcedo ispida, L.). 

Genus xxiv. Nuthatch. Vol. i., pt. ii., p. 647. 
European Nuthatch, p. 648 ( = Sitta europseay L.). 



Birds. 95 

Genus xxv. Tody. Vol. i., pt. ii., p. 656. 

Green Tody, p. 637 ( = Todm riridis, L.). 

Cinereus Tody, p. 658 ( = Todirostrum cinereum [L.]). 

Dusky Tody, p. 661 { = CorUopu8 virens [L.]). 

Genus xxvL Bee-eatbb. Vol. i., pt. ii., p. 666. 
G>minon Bee-eater, p. 667 ( = Meraps apiaster^ L.). 

Genus xxvii. Hoopoe. Vol. i., pt. ii, p. 686. 
Common Hoopoe, p. 687 (= Upupa epops, L.). 

Genus xxviii. Creeper. Vol. i., pt. ii., p. 698. 

Common Creeper, p. 701 ( = Certhia familiarisy L.). 
Sickle-billed Creeper, p. 705 ( = Cinnyris lotenia [L.]). 
Black and Blue Creeper, p. 724 ( = Caereha cyanea [L.]). 
Cinnamon Creeper, p. 740 (= StfnallaxiB cinnamomea 
[Om.]). 

Genus xxix. Humming-bird. Vol. i., pt. ii., p. 744. 
With curved hills. 

Supercilious Humming-bird, p. 744 ( = Phaethamis guperci- 

liosus [L.]). 
Black-cappcKl Humming-bird, p. 748 {=Aithurw polyimm 

[L.]). 
Mango Humming-bird, var. A, p. 759 (= Lampomis 

mango [L.]). 
Harlequin Humming-bird, p. 760 {=Trochilu8 muliicoloi' 

[Gm.]). 

With straight hills, 

Violet-eared Humming-bird, p. 767 {=JE[€liothr%x auritiis 

[Gm.]). 
Violet-eared Humming-bird, var. A. 
Red-throated Humming-bird, p. 769 {=zTrochilus colubris, 

L.). 
Dusky-crowned Humming-bird, p. 776 (= Clytolsema 

ruhinea [Gm.]). 
Grey-bellied Humming-bird, p. 77ii{ = Chrysolampis moschi- 

tus [L.]). 
Crested Humming-bird, p. 783 ( = BeUona cristata [L.]). 
Crested Brown Humming-bird, p. 784 ( = Trochiluspuniceusj 

Gm.).* 

* Not referred to in " Catalogue of Birds." 



96 Zoology. 

Obdeb III. Passebine. Vol. ii., pt. i., p. 1 (1783). 

Genus xxx. Stabs. Vol. ii., pt. i., p. 1. 

Common Stare, p. 2 ( = Siurnus tndgarisy L.). 
Crescent Stare^ p. 6 ( = Stumella moffna [L.]). 

Genus xxxi. Thbush. Vol. ii., pt. i., p. 13. 

Missel Thrush, p. 16 {^Turdus visciwrusy L.). 
Throstle Thrush, p. 18 ( = Turdu8 mimcus, L.). 
Jamaica Thrush, p. 20 (= Turdua jamaicewna, Gm.). 
Little Thrush, p. 20 ( = Turdus fuaceBcem, Stephens). 
Golden-crowned Thrush, p. 21 ( = Siurus auricapillus [L.]). 
Redwing Thrush, p. 22 ( = Turdus iliaau, L.). 
Red-breasted Thrush, p. 26 ( = Turdus migratorius, L.). 
Ferruginous Thrush, p. 39 ( = Harporhynchus ru/us [L.]). 
Mimic Thrush, p. 40 ( = Mimus polygloltus [L.]). 
St. Domingo Thrush, p. 42 ( = Mimus dominicus [L.]). 
Yellow-bellied Thrush, p. 42 ( = Bonacohius airicapiUus 

[L.]). 
Blackbird, p. 43 ( = Merula merula [L.]). 
White-chinned Thrush, p. 45 ( = Merula auraniia [Gm.]). 
Ring-Ouzel, p. 46 ( = Merula torquata [L.]). 
Water-Ouzel, p. 48 ( = Cinclus aquaiicus, Bechst.). 
Shining Thrush, var. A, p. 56 ( = Lamprocolius splendidus, 

Vieill.). 
Ceylon Thrush, p. 62 { = Laniar%us gutturalis [Miill.]). 
Indian Thrush, p. 66 ( = Turdus indicus, Gm.). 

Genus xxxii. Chattereb. Vol. ii., pt. i., p. 91. 

Carolina Chatterer, p. 93 ( = Ampelis cedrorura, Vieill.). 
Red Chatterer, p. 97 ( = Phixnicocercus carnifex [L.]). 

Genus xxxiii. Coly. Vol. ii., pt. i., p. 100. 

Genus xxxiv. Grosbeak. Vol. ii., pt. i., p. 104. 
With four toes. 

Common Crossbill, p. 106 ( = Loxia curvirostra, L.). 
Hawfinch, p. 109 ( = Coccothraustes coccothraustes [L.]). 
Pine Grosbeak, p. Ill { = Finicola enucleator [L.]). 
Cape Grosbeak, p. 113 {= Pyrornelana capensis [L.]). 
White-throated Grosbeak, p. 115 {-Piiylus grossus [L.]). 



Birds. 97 

Paq)le Grosbeak, p. 117 ( = Loxigilla viokieea [L.]). 
Cardinal Grosbeak, p. 118 { — Cardinalia cardinalia [L.]). 
Grenadier Grosbeak, p. 120 ( = Pyromelana oryx [L.]). 
Dominican Grosbeak, p. 123 ( = Paroaria larvata [Bodd.]). 
Red-breasted Grosbeak, p. 126 ( = nedymele$ ludavicianui 

[L.]). 
Canada Grosbeak, p. 127 {=Pitylua viridis [Vieill.]). 
Java Grosbeak, p. 129 { = Munia oryzivara [L.]). 
Green Grosbeak, p. 134 { = Ligurinu8 chloria [L.]). 
Malacca Grosbeak, p. 140 ( = Munia malaeea [L.]). 
Cowry Grosbeak, p. 142 { = Munia punctulata [L.]). 
Ballfinch, p. 143 ( = Pyrrhula europaea, Vieill.). 
Black-breasted Grosbeak, p. 148 { = Sp€rmaphila aucuUata 

[Bodd.]). 
Wax-bill Grosbeak, p. 152 (=Estrilda asirilda [L.]). 
Minute Grosbeak, p. 158 {^Spermophila minuta [L.]). 

Genus xxxv. Bunting. VoL ii., pt. ii., p. 160. 

Snow Bunting, p. 161 {=: Pleetrophewix nivalU [Jj].). 
Black Bunting, p. 166 {=Junco hyemalia [L.]). 
Yellow Bunting, p. 170 {^Emberiza citrinella, L.). 
Common Bunting, p. 171 { = Emhertza miliaria, L.). 
Red Bunting, p. 173 { = Einberiza 8chfKniclu8y L.). 
Shaf (^tailed Bunting, p. 183 ( = Tetrxnura regia [L.]). 
Orange-shouldered Bunting, p. 184 { = Chera procne 

[Bodd.]). 
Rice Bunting, p. 188 { = Dolichonyx oryzivorus [L.]). 
Towhe Bunting, p. 199 {=Pipilo erythrophthalmus [L.]). 
Cinereus Bunting, p. 204 ( = Emheriza cinereun [Gm.]). 
Painted Bunting, p. 206 ( = Cyanopiza ciris [L.]). 

Genus xxxvL Tanagbr. Vol. iL, pt. i., p. 213. 

Red-breasted Tanager^ p. 214 { = Bhamphoccelus jacapa 

[L.]). 
Red Tanager, var. A, p. 217 { = Pyranga rubra [L.]). 
Mississipi Tanager, p. 218 { = Pyranga seaiiva [Gm.]). 
Variegated Tanager, p. 219 { = Pyranga sestiva [Gm.]). 
Bishop Tanager, p. 226 ( = Tanagra episcopus [L.]). 
Spotted Tanager, p. 228 ( = CaUi8te punctata [L.]). 
Rufous-headed Tanager, p. 231 {^Calliate cayana [L.]). 
Red-headed Tanager, p. 233 {==Calliste gyrola [L.]). 

▼OL. II. H 



98 Zoology. 

Variable Tanager, p. 234 ( = Tanagra variahilia [Gm.]). 

Paradise Tanager, p. 236 ( = Calliste tatao [L.]). 

Golden Tanager^ var. A, p. 240 (-Euphmia cMoro- 

tica [L.]). 
Negro Tsuiager, p. 240 ( = Euphonia cayana [L.]). 
Hufous-throated Tanager, p. 2il{= Olossiptila ruficoUU 

[Gm.]). 

Genus xxxvii. Finch. Vol. ii., pt. i., p. 246. 

House Sparrow^ p. 248 {=P<u8er domesticus, L.). 

White Sparrow, p. 250 

Black Sparrow^ p. 251. 

JVee Sparrow, p. 252 ( = PcLsaer montanuSf L.). 

Chaffinch, p. 257 ( = Fringilla ecelebs, L.). 

Crimson-crowned Finch, p. 259 — I believe this to b€ 

Garyphospingua cristatua, 
Brambling, p. 261 { = Fringilla montifringilla^ L.). 
Beautiful Finch, p. 266 ( = Zonogastris melba [L.]). 
Orange Finch, p. 276 ( = Spindalia zena [L.]). 
Goldfinch, p. 281 ( = Carduelis carduelis [L.]). 
American Gk>ldfinch, p. 288 ( = Chryaomitris triatia [L.]). 
Siskin, p. 289 ( = Ohryaomitris apinua [L.]). 
Canary Finch, p. 293 {=Serinua canariua [L.]). 
Bahama Finch, p. 300 (=Ph(mipara hivolor [L.]). 
Linnet, p. 302 ( = Acanthia cannahina [L.]). 
Greater Redpoll, p. 304 ( = Acanthia cannahina [L.]). 
Lesser Redpoll, p. 305 ( = Acanthia rufeacena [Vieill.]). 
Amaduvade Finch, p. 311 {=Spor8eginthua amanduva [lu]] 
Brasilian Finch, p. 318 (=Granatina granatina [L.]). 

Genus xxxviii. Flycai-chkr. Vol. ii., pt. i., p. 321. 

The Pied Flycatcher, p. 324 { = Iduacicapa atricapilla, L.' 
Paradise Flycatcher, p. 345 ( = Terpaiphone paradiai [L.]) 
Paradise Flycatcher, var. B, p. 347. 
Cinereus Flycatcher, p. 350 ( = Contoptia virena [L.]). 
Red-eyed Flycatcher, p. 351 ( = Vireo olivaceua [L.]). 
Cat Flycatcher, p. 353 ( = Oaleoacoptea carolinenaia [L.]). 
Cayenne Flycatcher, p. 355 ( = Myiozetetea cayennena 

[L.]). 
Crested Flycatcher, p. 357 ( = Myiarchua crinitua [L.]). 
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher, p. 359 { = Myiozetetea caym 

nenaia [L.]). 



Birds. 99 

Genus xxxix. Labk. Vol. iL, pt. ii, p. 367 (1783). 
Sky-Lark, p. 368 (=Alauda arvenaia, L.). 
Var. B, Dusky Lark, p. 370 ( = Alauda arventUy L.). 
Wood Lark, p. 371 ( = LuUula arborea [L.]). 
Tit-Lark, p. 374 ( = AfUkus praUnsis [L.]). 
Shore Lark, p. 385 ( = Otocaris alpestris [L.]). 
Crested Lark, p. 389 {=zOalerita cristata [L.]). 

Genus xL Wagtail. Vol. ii., pt. ii, p. 394. 

White Wagtail, p. 395 {^Motacilla alba, L.). 
Grey Wagtail, p. 398 {=zMotacilla mdanope, PalJ.). 
Yellow Wagtail, p. 400 {=:Motaeilla campestrii, Pall.). 

Genus xli. Wabbler. Vol. ii., pt. ii., p. 404. 

Nightingale, p. 405 (=:Aedon Iweinia [L.]). 
Blackcap, p. 415 {= Sylvia atricapilla [L.]). 
Babbling Warbler, p. 417 (= Sylvia curruca [L.]). 
Hedge Warbler, p. 419 (= Accentor modularis [L.]). 
Black Warbler, p. 427 (-Setaphaga rutidlla [L.]). 
Whitethroat, p. 428 {=Sylvia cinerea [L.]). 
Yellow-breasted Warbler, p. 438 ( = Oeothlypi8 tricha$ 

[L.]). 
Redbreast, p. 442 {^ErithacM rubeada [L.]). 
Blue Warbler, p. 446 {=:8ialia sialis [L.]). 
Whinchat, p. 454 {=Praiincola ruhetra [L.]). 
Wheatear, p. 465 {=SaQcicola cenatUhe [L.]). 
Green Indian Warbler, p. 474 {=Mgithina tiphia [L.]). 
White-poll Warbler, p. 488 {=Mniotilta varia [L.]). 
Cayenne Warbler, var. A, p. 503 (^Dacnia cayana [L.]). 
Cayenne Warbler, var. B, p. 503 {=iDacni8 cayana [L.]). 
Wren, p. 606 {=Anorthura troglodytes [L.]). 
Wren, var. B, p. 507 ( = Thryothortu ludovicianu^ [Lath.]). 
Gold-crested Warbler, p. 508 { = Begulus cristaUu [L.]). 
Ruby-crowned Warbler, p. 511 ( = Begulus calendula [L.]). 
Yellow Warbler, p. 512 (= Phylloscopua trochilua [L.]). 
Yellow Warbler, var. A, p. 513 {- PhylloscoptM tristis, 

Blyth). 
Yellow-poll Warbler, p. 515 { = Dendraica seativa [Gm.]). 

Genus xlii. Manakin. Vol. ii., pt. ii, p. 517. 
Rock Manakin, p. 518 {=Eupicola crocea, VieiU.). 
Blue-backed Manakin, p. 520 ( = Chiroxiphia pareola [L.]). 

n 2 



100 Zoology. 

Black-capped Manakin, p. 521 (=i(}hiriymackuTis manaau 

[L.])- 
White-capped Manakin, p. 523 ( = Pipra leueocUla [L.]). 

White-throated Manakin, p. 524 ( = Pipra gutiuraUs [L.]). 

Red and Black Manakin, var. A, p. 525 {= Pipra aureola 

[L.]). 
Cinereus Manakin, p. 533 {=Pachyrhamphu8 cinereui 

[Bodd.]). 

Qenus xliii. Titmouse. Vol. ii., pt. ii., p. 535. 

Great Titmouse, p. 536 {=zParw major ^ L.). 

Colemouse, p. 540 ( = Parua ater, L.). 

Marsh Titmouse, p. 541 {^ Parus palustrisj L.). 

Blue Titmouse, p. 543 ( = Parus cssruleus, L.). 

Crested Titmouse, p. 545 {= Parus cristatus^ L.). 

Long-tailed Titmouse, p. 550 {^JEgithalua caudatus [L.]). 

Bearded Titmouse, p. 552 ( = Panurvs hiarmicuB [L.]). 

Genus xliv. Swallow. Vol. ii., pt. ii., p. 560. 

Chimney Swallow, p. 561 ( = Hirundo rustica, L.). 
White Swallow, var. A, p. 563 { = Hirundo rustica, L.). 
Martin, p. 564 ( = Chelidonaria urhica [L.]). 
Sand Martin, p. 568 ( = Olivicola riparia [L.]). 
Aoonalashka Swallow, p. 571 { = Hirundo unaJaahkensis 

Gm.). 
Aculeated Swallow, p. 583 ( = Collocaliafuciphagay Thunb.). 
Swift, p. 584 (^OypseluB apus [L.]). 

Genus xlv. Goatsucker. Vol. ii., pt. ii., p. 589. 

European Goatsucker, p. 593 ( = Caprimulgua europseuSf L.). 
Virginia Goatsucker, p. 595 (= Chordeilea virginianm 
[Gm.]). 

Order IV. Columbine. 

Genus xlvi. Pigeon. Vol. ii., pt. ii 
With moderate tails. 

Shaker Pigeon, p. 611. 

Carrier Pigeon, p. 613. 

Great Crowned Pigeon, p. 620 ( = Ooura coronata [L.]). 

Ring Pigeon, p. 635 ( = Cdumha palumhus, L.). 

Triangular-spotted Pigeon, p. 639 ( = Columba guinea, L.) 



Birds. 101 

Common Turtle, p. 644 ( = TwrUar iurtur [L.]). 
Barred Turtle, p. 650 ( = Oeopelia striata [L.]). 
Canada Turtle, p. 658 {=Ectapi9te8 migratoriua [Catesb.]). 
Ground Turtle, p. 659 {^zChamsepelia pasaerina [L.]). 

With long tails. 
Passenger Pigeon, p. 661 ( = EetopisUs mt^atoriiw[Cate8b.]). 

Obder V. Gallinaceous. Vol. ii., pt. ii. 

Genus xlviL Peacock. Vol. ii., pt. ii., p. 668. 
Crested Peacock, p. 668 {=Pavo eristatui, L.). 
Variegated Peacock, p. 671 (=Pavo crittatus^ L.). 

Genus xlviiL Turkey. VoL ii, pt, ii., p. 676. 
Domestic Turkey, p. 679 ( = Meleagris gaUopavo [L.]). 

Genus xlix. Pintado. Vol. ii., pt. ii, p. 685. 
Guinea Pintado, p. 685 ( = Numida meUaqris [L.]). 

Genus 1. Gurassow. Vol. ii., pt. ii., p. 690. 

Crested Gurassow, p. 690 ( = Orax glohiceraj L.). 

Do. the female, p. 693 (=^Crax aiector 9 ). 

Genus Ii. Pheasant. Vol. ii., pt. ii, p. 697. 

Domestic Gock, p. 700 ( = Qalhu gaUua [L.]). 
Frizzled Gock, p. 704 ( = Oaaus gallua [L.]). 
Argus Pheasant, p. 710 { = Argunanu8 argua [L.]). 
Common Pheasant, p. 712 {=:Pkasianu8 edchicw^ L.). 
Painted Pheasant, p. 717 { = Chryaolophua pictuB [L.]). 
Pencilled Pheasant, p. 719 { = Oennmu$ nycthemerus [L.]). 

Genus lii. Tinamou. VoL ii, pt. ii, p. 724. 

Genus liii. Grous. Vol. ii., pt. ii, p. 728. 
With four toes. 

Black Grouse, p. 733 (=XyrttrtM tetrix [L.]). 
Shoulder-Knot Grouse, p. 737 ( = Bonasa umhellus [L.]). 
Ruffed Grouse, p. 738 ( = Bonasa umbellus [L.]). 
Ptarmigan Grouse, p. 741 (=zLagopu8 lagopus [L.]). 



102 Zoology. 

Oenus liv. Partrii>ge. VoL ii., pt. ii., p. 755. 
With four toes. 

Gape Partridge, p. 757 ( = Francolinua capensis [Gm.]). 
Francolin Partridge, p. 759 (=Francolinu8 francoUnui 

[L.]). 
Gommon Partridge, p. 762 (=zPerdix perdix [L.]). 
Guernsey Partridge, p. 768 ( = Caccdbi8 rufa [L.].) 
Green Partridge, p. 777 ( = BolMua roulrotd [Scop.]). 
Maryland I^artridge, p. 778 ( = Ortyx virginianua [L.]). 
Gommon Quail, p. 779 ( = Cotumix cotumix [L.]). 
Ghinese Quail, p. 783 { = Mxcalfactoria chinensii [L.]). 

Oenus Iv. Trumpeter. Vol. ii., pt. ii., p. 793. 

Genus lyi. • Bustard. Vol. ii., pt. ii., p. 796. 

Great Bustard,. p. 796 (=Otis tarda [L.]). 

Thick-kneed Bustard, p. 806 (^CEdumemus cedicnemus 

Order VI. Struthious. 
G^nus Ivii Dodo. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 1 (1785). 

Genus Iviii. Ostrich. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 6. 
Genua lix. Cassowary. Vol. iii, pt. i., p. 10. 



DIVISION II. WATER BIRDS. 
Order VII. With cloven feet. 

Genus Ix. Spoonbill. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 13. 
White Spoonbill, p. 13 ( = Platalia leucorodia [L.]). 

Genus Ixi. Screamer. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 18. 

Genus bdi. Jabiru. Vol. iii, pt. i., p. 22. 

Genus Ixiii. Boat-bill. Vol. iii., pfc. i., p. 25. 

Genus Ixiv. Umbre. Vol. iii, pt. i., p. 30. 



Birds. 103 

Genus Ixv. Heron. Vol iii., pt. i., p. 32. 

Crowned Heron, p. 34 ( = Baleariea pavonina [L.]). 
Demoiselle Heron, p. 35 ( = Anthropoidet virgo [L.]). 
Indian Crane, yar. A, p. 39 ( = Gru8 anUgone [L.]). 
White Stork, p. 47 ( = Ciconia eiconia [L.]). 
Bittern, p. 56 ( = Botauru9 ateOaris [L.]). 
Green Heron, p. 68 ( = Buiorides virescens [L.]). 
Cinnamon Heron, p. 77 ( = Ardetia cinnanumea [Gm.]). 
Common Heron, male, p. 83 ( = Ardea cinereaf L.). 
Little Egret, p. 90 { = OaneUa garzeUa [L.]). 
Great White Heron, p. 91 {^Herodioi alba [L.]). 
Little White Heron, p. 93 (? zsDichromanassa rufa 
[Bodd.]). 

Genus IxvL Ibis. VoL iii., pt. i., p. 104, 

Scarlet Ibis, p. 106 ( = Eudocimua ruber [L.]). 
Bald Ibis, p. 116 { = 0er(mticu8 calms [Bodd.]). 

Genus IxviL Cublbw. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 119. 

Common Curlew, p. 119 { = Numen%u8 arqtMius [L.]). 
Esquimaux Curlew, p. 125 { = NumentU8 borealii [Forst.]). 

Genus Ixviii. Snipe. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 128. 

Woodcock, p. 129 ( = Scolopax nuiieula [L.]). 
Conmion Snipe, p. 134 ( = Oallinago gailinago [L.]). 
Jack Snipe, p. 136 ( = lAmnocryptes gallinida [L.]). 
Red Godwit, p. 142 ( = Limosa lapponica [L.]). 
Common Godwit, p. 144 {^Limosa lapponica [L.]). 
Green-Shank, p. 147 ( = Olottis nebularius [Gunner.]). 
Redshank, p. 150 ( = Totanu8 calidris [L.]). 

Genus bdx. Sandpiper. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 158. 

Ruff, p. 159 {=z Pawmcella pugnax [L.]). 
Swiss Sandpiper, p. 167 { = Sqwitarola heltfetica [L.]). 
Common Sandpiper, p. 178 ( = Tringoides hypoleu^nu [L.]). 
Dunlin, p. 185 ( = Pelidna alpina [L.]). 

Genus Ixx. Plover. Vol. iii, pt. L, p. 192. 
Golden Plover, p. 193 { = Charadrius pluvialis [L.]). 
Long-legged Plover, p. 195 ( = HimarUopui Mmantopus [L.]). 



104 Zoology. 

Noisy Plover, p. 199 ( = Oxyechus vociferus [L.]). 
Ringed Plover, p. 201 ( = JEgialitia hiaticola [L.]). 
Spur- winged Plover, p. 213 { = Hoplopteru8 gpinosus [L.]). 

Genus Ixxi. Otsteb-Catcher. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 219. 
Pied Oyster-catcher, p. 219 (^= Hsematopus 08trcUegw[L.]). 

Genus Ixxii. PBATiycoLE. Vol. iii, pt. i., p. 222. 

Genus Ixziii. Rail. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 226. 

Water Rail, p. 227 { = Ballu8 aquaticus [L.]). 
Black Rail, p. 236 ( = Limnocorax niger [Gm.]). 

Genus Ixxiv. Jacana. Vol. iii., pt.. i., p. 241. 

Chestnut Jacana, p. 241 ( = Jacana jacana [L.]). 
Variable Jacana, p. 244 ( = Asarcia variabilia [L.]). 

Genus Ixxv. Gallinule. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 249. 

Crake Gallinule, p. 250 ( = Crex crex [L.]). 
Purple Gallinule, p. 254 ( = Porphyrio porphyria [L.]). 
Common Gallinule, p. 258 ( = Oallitiula cMoropua [L.]). 
Crested Gallinule, p. 267 ( = Fulica cristata [Gm.]). 

Genus Ixxvi. Shbathbill. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 268. 

Obder VII. With pinnated feet. 

Genus Ixxvii. Phalarope. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 270. 

Grenus Ixxviii. Coot. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 275. 
Common Coot, p. 275 { = Fulica cristata [Gm.]). 

Genus Ixzix. Grebe. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 280. 

Crested Grebe, p. 281 {-Podicipes crisiahis [L.]). 
Eared Grebe, p. 285 {=Podicipe9 nigricoUis, Brehm.). 
Little Grebe, p. 289 {=Podicipes fluviatilis, Tunst.). 

Obdeb IX. Weh-faoted. 
With long legs. 
Genus Ixxx. Avocet. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 293. 
Scooping Avocet, p. 293 {=Becurviro8tra avoeetia, L.). 



Birds. 105 

Genns Ixxxi. Courieb. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 298. 

Genus buudi Flamingo. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 299. 
Red Flamingo, p. 299 {=Fh(Bnicopieru» roseus. Fall.). 

With short legs, 
Genas Ixxxiii. Albatross. Vol iii., pt. i., p. 304. 
Wandering Albatross, p. 304 {==Diomed€a exulanSf L.). 
Yellow-nosed Albatross, p. 309 ( = Thalasaogeron cMonh- 
rhynchu9 [Gm.]). 

Genus Izxxiv. Auk. Vol. iii., pt. i., p. 311. 
Puffin Auk, p. 314 {= Fratercula arctica [L.]). 
Labrador Auk, p. 318 { = Fratercula arctica [L.]). 
Razor-bill, p. 319 (=Alca tarda, L.). 
Black-biUed Auk, p. 320 (=Alca tarda, L.). 

Genua Ixxxv. Guillemot. Vol. iii., pt. ii., p. 329 (1786). 
Foolisb Guillemot, p. 329 (= Uria troile [L.]). 
Black Guillemot, p. 332 (= Uria grylle [L.]). 

Genus Ixxxvi. Diver. Vol. iii., pt. ii., p. 337. 
Northern Diver, p. 337 { = Colymhu8 glacialis, L.). 
Imber Diver, p. 343 ( = Colymhus glacialis, L.). 
Speckled Diver, p. 341 {^ = Colymhus septentrionalis, L.). 
Red-throated Diver, p. 244 {=Colymbus aeptentrionalis, L.). 

Genus Ixxxvii. Skimmer. Vol. iii., pt. ii., p. 347. 
Black Skinmier, p. 347 ( = RJiynchops nigra, L.). 

Genus Ixxxviii. Tern. Vol. iii., pt. ii., p. 349. 
Cas7)ian Tern, var. A, p. 351 ( = Hydroprogne caspia 

[Pall.]). 
Caspian Tern, var. B, p. 351 { = Hydroprogne caspia 

[Pall.]). 
African Tern, p. 354 {= Sterna cantiaca, Gm.). 
Common Tern, p. 361 (= Sterna fluviatilisj Naum.). 
Lesser Tern, p. 364 ( = Sterna minuta, L.). 
Chinese Tern, p. 365 {= Sterna sinensis, Gm.). 
Black Tern, p. 366 { = Hydrochelidon nigra [L.]). 

Genus Ixxzix. Gull. Vol. iii., pt. ii., p. 369. 
Wagel Gull, p. 375 (=Larus marinus, L.). 



106 Zoology. 

Genus xc. Petrel. Vol. iii., pt. ii., p. 395. 

Giant Petrel, p. 396 ( = Ossifrciga gigantea [Gm.]). 
Pintado Petrel, p. 401 { = Daption capensti [L.]). 
Cinereus Fulmer, p. 405 {= Priojintis cinereus [Gm.]). 
Shearwater Petrel, p. 375 ( = Fuffinu8 hihli [Boie]). 
Snowy Petrel, p. 408 {=Pagodrama nivea [Gm.]). 
Stormy Petrel, p. 411 { = Procelhria pelagicay L.). 
Blue Petrel, p. 415 ( = Halobsena cserulea [Gm.]). 
Pacific Petrel, p. 416. 
Dusky Petrel, p. 416 ( = PMj^?itt« ohscurtis [Gm.]). 

Genus xci. Merganser. Vol. iii., pt. ii., p. 418. 

Groosander, p. 418 { = Merganser castor [L.]). 
Dun-Diver, p. 420 {= Merganser easier [L.]). 
Red-breasted Merganser, p. 423 (= Merganser serratar 

[L.]). 
Hooded Merganser, p. 426 ( = Lophodytes cucuUaius [L.]). 
Smew, male, p. 428 ( = Mergus alhellus, L.). 
Minute Merganser, p. 429 ( = Mergus albeUus, L.). 

Genus xcii. Duck. Vol. iii., pt. ii., p. 431. 

Mute Swan, p. 436 ( = Cygnus olor Gm.). 

Bustard Goose, p. 440 {=Cloephaga mageUanica [Gm.]). 

Chinese Goose, p. 447 ( = Cygnopsis cygnoides [L.]). 

Canada Goose, p. 450 (=Branta canadensis [L.]). 

Black Duck, p. 479 {=(Edemia perspicillata [L.]). 

Harlequin Duck, p. 484 ( = (Josmonetta histrtontca [L.]). 

Mallard, p. 489 ( = Anas hoscas [L.]). 

Tame Duck, p. 494 ( = Anas hoscas [L.]). 

Black-billed Whistling Duck, p. 499 ( = Dendrocygna 

arhorea [L.]). 
Shieldrake, p. 504 ( = Tadorna cornuta [L.]). 
Shoveler, p. 509 { = Spatula clypeata [L.]). 
Common Wigeon, p. 518 {=iMareca penelope [L.]). 
Pintail Duck, p. 526 {=Dafila acuta [L.]). 
Buffcl-headed Duck, p. 533 { = Clangula albeola [L.]). 
Golden-eye Duck, p. 535 ( = Clangula glaucion [L.]). 
Tufted Duck, p. 540 { = Fuligula fuligula [L.]). 
Summer Duck, p. 546 { = JEx sponsa [L.]). 
Garganey, p. 550 ( = Querquedula circia [L.])* 
Common Teal, p. 551 {=zNeition erecca [L.])* 



Birds. 107 

Genus xciii. Pinouin. Vol. iii, pt. ii., p. 559. 
Crested Prngnin, p. 561 (= Caiarrhicie9 ehry»ocame 

[Forst.]). 
Patagonian Pingaiii, p. 563 {^ Aptenodyies patagoniea 

[Forat.]). 
Cape Pingoin, p. 566 {=Sphent8cus demeraua [L.]). 

Genus xciv. Pelican. Vol. iii., pt. ii., p. 574. 
Great White Pelican, p. 575 ( = Pelecanus onocrotalus, L.). 
Brown Pelican, p. 580 {=s PeUeanua fuscuSy Gm.). 
Rough-billed Pelican, p. 586 {= Pelecanus erythrorhynchu9y 

Gm.). 
African Shag, p. 606 {= Phalacrocarax africanus, Gm.). 
Gannet, p. 608 {=Sula basaana [L.]). 

Genus xcv. Tropic Bird. Vol. iii., pt. ii., p. 615. 
Common Tropic Bird, p. 615 {^Phctethcn sethereut, L.). 

Genus xcvi. Darter. Vol. iii., pt. ii., p. 622. 
Black-bellied Darter, var. A, p. 624 {=Plotu8 anhingaf L.). 
Surinam Darter, p. 626 {szPlotus mrinamensis, Gm.). 

In the first " Supplement " to the " General Synopsis " (1 787) a 
few species are added, the following being in the British Museum. 

Plaintive Vulture, p. 4 ( = Polyharus thanu, Molina). 
Dubious Parrot, p. 62 {^Psittacus dubius, Lath.). 

Cf. Salvadori, Cat. B., xx., p. 612. 
South-Sea Raven, p. 75 { = Corvultur alhicolliaj Lath.). 
Black Roller, p. 85 { = Cryptorhina a/ra, L.). 
African Roller, p. 86 (ss Eurystomua afer, Lath.). 
Doubtful Barbet, p. 96 ( = Lybim dubius, Gm.). 
African Creeper, var. C, p. 127 ( = Cinnyris afra, L.). 
Ash-bellied Creeper, p. 130 { = Nectarintafamo8a, L.). 
Red- winged Chatterer, p. 146 { = Campophaga ph<Bnicea, 

Lath.). 
Flammeous Flycatcher, p. 171 { = Pericrocotus JiammeuSj 

Forst.). 
African Pheasant, p. 210 {^Schizorhia africana, Lath.). 

Of additional interest to Latham's published works, which 
give Qs an idea of the contents of the bird-cases in the British 
Museum in the latter half of the eighteenth century, is the 
3amiDg of certain Australian birds in the *^ Supplements " to the 
' Synopsis " and to the " Index Omithologicus." Up to the present 



108 Zoology. 

time, it has never been known where Latham obtained the 
material for describing so many Australian, or, as they were 
then called, " New Holland," birds. 

In 1902 the Museum acquired from Mr. James Lee, a grand- 
son of the famous horticulturist of Hammersmith, a large volume 
of paintings executed for the latter by one of his collectors, 
Thomas Watling, between 1788 and 1792. These drawings had 
evidently been shown to Latham, who named most of the birds, 
and seems to have referred to these pictures as " Mr. Lambert's 
Drawings." They do not seem, however, to have been Lambert's 
property at any time. 

The types of Latham's species are, in fact, founded on 
these drawings of Watling's. 

The collector was sent to New South Wales by Mr. Lee, and 
some of the illustrations in White's '^Journal of a Voyage to 
N.S. Wales in 1790 " were drawn by Watling, who refers to 
White in his volume of paintings. Of, Hist. Coll. Brit. Mus. 
(N H.), i., p. 52 (Libraries). 

Mr. James Britten, who has examined the series of drawings^ 
has published the following interesting note (Joum. Botany, xl., 
p. 302 (1902)): "The British Museum has lately acquired a 
very interesting volume containing drawings in colour of the 
animals and plants of Australia, made by Thomas Watling in 
1788-1792. Watling was sent out by James Lee of Hammer- 
smith (from whose great-grandson, bearing the same names, the 
collection was purchased), with a view to obtcdning material for 
a book on the natural history of the country. 

" Apart from its contents, the volume is interesting (m 
account of the light which it throws upon an entry on p. 253, 
vol. i., of Dryander's * Catalogue of the Banksian Library ' : this 
runs, 'Yolumen foliorum 70, continens figuras animalium et 
plantarum pictas quas in Nova Cambria prope Port Jackson 
delineavit Edgar Thomas Dell.' 

'* In Banks' copy the last four words are struck out, and a 
comparison of the volume with the one acquired from Mr. Lee 
shows that it is the work of the same artist. Watling was 
acquainted with John White (' Surgeon-General to the Settle- 
ment'), who sent plants to Smith, and published in 1790 his 
'Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales'; one or two of 
Watling's drawings were executed for W^hite. 

''The newly acquired volume contains several views of 
Sydney which are of great interest." 



Birds. 109 

Attached to the drawings of birds is a list of the species, 
with the following announcement, probably in the handwriting 
of Mr. James Lee himself: ''This Catalogue was wrote by 
I Dr. Latham, author of the ' General Synopsis of Birds.' " 

The following is a list of the Drawings as determined by 
Latham himself, and bearing his handwriting : — 

1. Bold Vulture, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 10, no. 10 
(1802). 

Ftt/(ur audax, Lath., Lid. Cm., Suppl., p. ii. (1801). 

Latham copies Watling's original note about the native name 
bring " Boora-morang " (Watling writes it " Boo-ro-ma-rang "), 
and also about the bird sometimes attacking natives, but he says 
not one word about Watling or James Lee in the text of his 
book, nor can I so far find any evidence of his giving credit to 
either of them as the source of his information. 

The bird is drawn holding a fish under its foot, and might be 
mistaken for a young Haliaetus leucogastery but on comparing 
the sketch with specimens, it is evidently intended for a 
Wedge-tailed Eagle, as is also shewn by its feathered legs. 
Latham says that " the size of this bird is uncertain." Watling 
generally gives the size of his birds, but on this picture he gives a 
Kale, which shows that the specimen was about three feet long. 

2. Pondicherry Eagle. Qu. new species. Latham, Gen. 
Syn., ii., p. 32. 

Latham refers to Watling's two drawings of the White- 
breasted Brahminy Kite, and as before appropriates his notes 
▼ithout stating his authority. Thus : "A bird seemingly of this 
last kind [Pondicherry Eagle] is found in New Holland, in which 
the head, neck, and belly are pure white, without any streaks.'' 
On Watling's plate Latham has written : *' Probably this should 
be made a distinct species.'' Watling's note is as follows : '* The 
stomach of the bird when taken Was full of egg-shells." 

3. Ditto. This second picture of the Brahminy Kite has 
the following note by Watling : " The Natives call this Bird 
Girrenera, This hawk lives a good deal on Fish, which most of 
that genus do that inhabit New South Wales, where there are 
serenil varieties, the likeness of this kind is strongly imitated " 
[ie. that he has made a good portrait of the bird]. Latham had 
evidently seen the pictures and notes of Watling when he wrote 
the " Supplement " to the ** General Synopsis." 

4. Painting of an Elanus, with the following note by the 
artist : " Natural size. The head of this drawing is rather too 



110 Zoology. 

large and long, the bill should be smaller and more rounded in 
towards the breast. I had the bird alive three months, and fed 
it on small birds and fish, <&c." 

Nos. 5, 6. Two more paintings of an ElanttSy one-half and 
one-third natural size. " Native name Oeo^a-rack,^* Latham 
founds on this description his Axillary Falcon (Suppl. to G^en. 
Synopsis, ii., p. 42). He says that it ''inhabits New Holland, 
but is not very conmion. The specimen from which the above 
description was taken, was caught alive, and kept for ten months, 
being fed with small birds, fish, &c" This note is taken from 
Watling's MSS., but is not acknowledged. This picture becomes 
the type of Latham's Axillary Falcon ( = Falco axillariSy Lath., 
Ind. Om., Suppl., p. ix.). 

7. Bepresents an Elanus, which Latham, in his MS. list, 
places as a variety of his Axillary Falcon, which is probably the 
case. 

8. Is also considered by Latham to be a variety of his Faleo 
axillaris, but in reality it is a small figure of Haliaetus leucogasier 
(Gm.). This latter name is founded on the White-bellied Eagle, 
n. sp., of Latham (Gen. Syn., L, pt. i., p. 33*), where we read : 
'' This bird was brought to England in one of the last circum- 
navigating ships, and is now in the Leverian Museum. Its 
native place is unknown." 

9. An Owl. This picture of Watling's formed the subject of 
Latham's description of his — 

Winking Falcon, Gen. Syn., Suppl. iL, p. 53. 

Falco connivens, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xii. 

Ninox connivens (Lath.), Sharpe, Cat. B., ii., p. 175. 
Latham does not acknowledge the origin of his description, 
merely adding : '' Inhabits New Holland, but no history annexed, 
further than that it has wonderful faculty of contracting and 
dilating the iris ; and that the native name is * Goora-a-Gang.' " 

These notes he has copied from Watling's MS., which, 
however, gives the native name as " Goo-ree-a-gang." He also 
writes : '' This Bird has a wonderf ull power of contracting and 
dilating the iris and pupil." The picture is, therefore, the type 
of Ninox connivens, 

10. " New Falcon." On this picture is founded the description 
of Latham's Badiated Falcon, and the figure given by him is 
adapted from Watling's picture. Thus the latter becomes the 
type of 

♦ C/. Sharpe, Cat B., i., p. 117. 



Birds. Ill 

Radiated Falcon, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 53, pi. cxxi. 

Faleo radiaiu8y Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. xii. 

Uraspizias radiatna, Sharpe, Cat. B., i., p. 1 59. 

Erythrotriorchis radiatuSj Sharpe, HandL B., i., p. 254. 
Watling has given the following MS. note ; — " This bird 
metsures from the top of the head to the end of the tail 22 in., 
aod from the tip of one wing to the other 4 feet. Iris doubtful. 
A new Falcon." 

11. Another painting of the Radiated Falcon, to which is 
attached the following note by Watling : — "The skin of this bird 
I foond nailed up to a settler's hut. It is the only one of the 
kind ever seen. The drawing is a faithful copy. The settler who 
shot it says the iris was brown, and remarked that he never saw 
any bird fly with such swiftness. Its claws, which were long, 
small, and sharp when he took it up, it drove quite through the 
end of Ins fingers. A new Falcon. This bird measures from the 
bill to the extremity of the tail twenty -four inches." It will be 
seen that Latham copied the notes, but did not say who had 
written them. 

12. A picture of a young Hobby and the type of Latham's 
Lonated Falcon, as follows : — 

Lunated Falcon, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 54. 

Faleo lunatut, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xiii. 
"Inhabits New Holland, and was taken in March. Native 
name Goo-roo-wang" This native name is copied from Watling's 
MS., but I cannot find any record of the time of year M'hen the 
bird was shot. 

13. Pacific Falcon, Lath., Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 54. 
Faleo pacificus, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xiii. 

I am unable to identify the bird here figured. It has a white 
head and neck. Upper surface dark brown, ^^ blotched on the 
back with dark spots, and marked on the belly (wliich is paler 
than above and inclining to yellow) with black streaks. The tail 
is long, even at the end, crossed with seven or eight black bars, 
the quills also barred as the tail, with the ends black." This is a 
good description of the painting, but I cannot find any Australian 
bird of prey which corresponds with it. Watling*s original note 
is as follows : — " This bird is not common in New South Wales. 
Hie only one shot, though others have been seen of the same 
kind." The only species which it could possibly resemble might 
be a young F<Uco hypoUucus, but our specimens in the Museum 
do not favour the idea. 



112 Zoology. 

Nos. 14, 15. Fair Falcon, Lath., (Jen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 54. 

Falco claruSf Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xiii. 
These two figures seem to be undoubtedly intended for AiUr 
cineretis,* though in the " Catalogue " I referred Latham's " Fair 
Falcon " to A. navse hollandiee. This must be a mistake, but the 
figures are by no means a good representation of A. cineretu, over 
which Latham's name will take precedence, and the species must 
be called Astur claru8 (Lath.). 

Nos. 16 and 17. Dark Falcon, Lath. MS. ; id., Qen. ffist. B., L, 

p. 231 (1821). 
There are now no pictures in the book corresponding to these 
numbers, which are given in Latham's MS. list. 

No. 18. Ash-headed Falcon, Lath. MS. ; id., Gen. Hist. B., i., 

p. 219 (1821). 
This is a good figure of Astur approximaru, but does not seem 
to have received a Latin name from Latham. 
No. 19. Hooded Falcon, Latham MS. 

This is Falco melanogenys, Grould. Latham does not seem to 

have given a Latin name to the drawing. Watling's MSS. note 

is : ^' Half the natural size. It lives on small birds and fish, &c" 

No. 20. Lacteous Eagle, Lath. [MS.]; Gen. Hist. B., i., 

p. 216 (1821). 
This is evidently Astur novse hollandias (Gm.), founded on the 
New Holland White Eagle of Latham's G«n. Synopsis, L, p. 40 
(1781). The latter seems to have procured the description of 
the bird from Dr. J. R. Forster. No specimen was in the 
British Museum at the time. " Name Ooo-loo-hee " (Watling.) 
No. 21. New HoUand Sparrow Hawk, Latham [MS.]; Gen. 

Hist. B., i., p. 223 (1821). 
'^ Same as No. 22. Small Hawk. Two-thirds the natural size.'* 
This is a representation of an adult Accipiter cirrhocephalus (VieUL). 
No. 22. New Holland Sparrow Hawk, Latham MS. " One- 
third natural size. Native name Qoo-roo-ing, It is not a very 
common Hawk in New South Wales. A dark variety of the 
New Holland Sparrow Hawk, No. 21." The bird is really 
Astur approximans. 

No. 23. Bam Owl in Latham's MS. list, but no figure now 
in the book. 
No. 24. Owl. 

Boobook Owl, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 64. 
Strix haobooJcy Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xv. 
Ninax boobook (Lath.), Sharpe, Cat. B., ii., p. 168 (1875). 
♦ C/. Sharpe, Cat. B., i, p. 117. 



Birds. 113 

Watling's note is : '* This bird is about the size of the common 
English owl. Native name Boo-hookJ* The figure is the type 
til the species, Latham's name having been founded upon it. 
No. 25. White-faced Owl, Latham [MS.] ; id., Gen. Hist. B., 

L, p. 334 (1821). 
This is Strix deUeatula, Gould. Watling's note : <' One-third 
natnnl size. Native name Boo-^xwk" 

No. 26. Hook-billed Shrike, var. A, of Latham, Gen. Syn., 
iSuppl. iL, p. 70. 
Lanius curcirosiriij Lath., Ind. Orn., i., p. 72. 
This is a CracticuSy and seems to be C leucopteruBy Gould. 
It has, of course, nothing to do with Lanius curvirosiris of 
ImaenSj which is a Vanga from Madagascar. Watling's note is : 
" Two-thirds natural size. Native name Karro-bee-rang" 
Na 27. Clouded Shrike, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 73. 

Lanius torquatus. Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xviii. 
This figure is the type of Lanius torquatusy Lath., which h&s 
generally been referred to Cracticus destructor. 

Dr. Gadow considered the description of the Clouded Shrike 
to be insufficient for recognition. There can, however, be no 
doubt that the identification is correct, and L. torquatus 
becomes a synonym of C. destructor, as was determined by 
Gnj, Cabanis, and other good ornithologists. Watling's note : 
"This drawing is about the natural size." 

No. 28. Robust Shrike, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 74. 

Lanius robushis, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xviii. 
This seems to me to be intended for Oraucalus melanops 
(Uth.), founded on the Black-faced Crow of Latham, Gen. Syn., 
Suppl. iL, p. 116. One of " Lambert's drawings " is described by 
him, and in his Supplement to the " Lidex Ornithologicus " he 
gives it the name of Corvus melanops, having apparently forgotten 
thftt he had described it previously from Watling's Drawings 
as Lanius robustus. The name should therefore be Oraucalus 
nlmstus, though, as the two birds are described in the same work, 
it may not be deemed expedient to enforce a priority of only 
a few pages. Watling's note is merely '^ natural size." 
No. 29. Erect Shrike, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 74. 

Lanius erectus, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xviii. 
This looks like a black-headed Pachycephala, but it has a 
pale yellowish bill, a white throat, greenish back, and pale yellow 
under-surface. I have not been able to identify the species. 
TOL. II. I 



114 Zoology. 

No. 30. Yellow-bellied Shrike, Lath., Gen. Syii.,Suppl. ii.,p.75. 

Lanius flavigaster, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xix. 
" Natural size. Native name Wee-bung. It is not a common 
bird, and it drives all smaller birds from its neighbourhood" 
(Watling MS.). This looks like a yellow-bellied Pachycephala^ 
but it has no black pectoral collar, and I cannot identify the 
figure with any known Australian species. 

No. 31. Frontal Shrike, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 75. 
Laniua frantatus, Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. xviii. 
Falcunculus frantatus, Gadow, Cat. B., viii., p. 173. 
Watling's note : *' One half the natural size. Not a common 
bird. The tongue is a little bifid." 

No. 32. Frontal Shrike, Lath., Gen. Syn., SuppL ii., p. 75, 

pi. 122. 
Watling's note : " Natural size. Supposed to be the male of 
No. 2. It is a rare bird, never seen but in the cold or winter 
months. It is found near water, and often feeding on the seed 
of reeds in marsh or wet grounds." 

No. 33. White-eared Shrike, Lath. [MS.] ; Gen. Hist. B., ii., 

p. 76 (1822). 
This drawing and the next are apparently meant for Falcun-- 
culw frontatus, but they are given a large white patch on the 
ear-coverts instead of a double band of white above and below 
the latter. The double band is correct, and no such bird as the 
" White-eared Shrike " has been found by me. 

Watling*s note : *^ Two-thirds the natural size. Native name 
Tattanan.'* 

No. 34. White-eared Shrike, Lath. MS. [= No. 33]. 
Watling*s note says only : " Natural size." 
No. 35. Red-breasted or Blue-bellied Parrot, Lath., Gen. 
Syn., i., pp. 212 and 213. 
Psittacua hsematodusy Lath., Ind. Om., i.,p. 87 (nee Linn.). 
Trichoglossua novee hdlandm (Gm.), Salvad., Cat B., xx., 
p. 57. 
Watling's note : " Native name Goevil This Parrot has a 
fine white tongue like the drawing No. 300 [= 36 of the volume], 
Pmttacua hsemaiodus var. ; called the Blue-bellied Parrot, 9ee 
Latham, Syn." 

Nos. 36 and 37. Two-thirds the natural size. Red-breasted 
Parrot, Lath. Watling's note : " Native name ia* Ooo-veei" 

These three drawings are evidently intended for the same 
species. 



Birds. 1 1 T) 

No. 38. Nonpareil Parrot, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 85. 

PniiacuB eximius, Shaw, Nat. Misc., pi. 93 (1792); Lath., 

Ind. Om., Suppl., p. xxi. 
Platycercua eocimius (Shaw), Salvad., Cat. B., xx., p. 551. 
Xo. 39, which, according to the list of plates, is another 
figure of the Nonpareil Parrot, is missing, as is also No. 40^ 
which is said to be the same as No. 41. 

No. 41. Small Parrakeet, LatL, Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 88. 
PtUtacuB pusillus, Shaw, in *^ White's Voyage to New South 

Wales," p. 262, pi. 48 (1790). 
GloMopnttaeus pusillusy Salvad., Cat. £., xz., p. 71. 
No. 42, given in the list as the Ground Parrot of Latham 
(Pezoponti formasuB, Lath.), is missing. 

No. 43. Crimson-fronted Parrot, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 87. 
Psittaeua eoncinnus, Shaw, Nat. Misc., iii., pi. 87 (1791). 
Olostapntiacus concinnua, Salvad., Cat. B., xx., p. 69. 
No. 44. Red-shouldered Parrakeet, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii, 
p. 90. 
Psittacus discolor, Shaw, in White's Voy. N.S.W., p. 263, 

pL 49 (1790). 
Nanodes discolor, Salvad., Cat. B., xx., p. 592. 
The bird, according to Watling's note, is of the '^ natural 
size." 

Nos. 45 and 46. These plates are missing, but are given in 
Latham's MS. list as figures of the Pennantian Parrot of Latham, 
Gen. Syn., SuppL L, p. 61 (1787). 

Psiitacus elegans, Gm., Syst. Nat., i., p. 318 (1788). 
Platycercus elegans, Salvad., Cat. B., xx., p. 541. 
No. 47. Turcoisine Parrot, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 89. 
Fsittacus pulchellus, Shaw, Nat. Misc., pi. 96 (1792). 
Neophema pulchella, Salvad., Cat. B., xx.,p. 575. 
Although Latham says that he described this Parraquet from 
the drawings of Mr. Lambert, and apparently from a specimen in 
the collection of General Davies, he makes use of Watling's note, 
which is as follows : '* The two centre tail feathers are entirely 
green, the two next have a little yellow on the tips or points, 
which increases in all the tail feathers, until the two outer ones 
OQ each side are perfectly yellow ; from the centre or two green 
feathers, the five others on each side regularly decrease in 
length. This ia a rare bird in N.S. Wales, is of short flight, 

I 2 



116 Zoology. 

never seen in more than pairs, and oftener seen on the ground 
than perched on trees. The feathers of the head and shoulder 
of the wing are of the most brilliant lightest azure. The 
strongest quill feathers are equal as to clearness of colour, but of 
a middling deep mazarine blue, tipped with black. The whole 
of the bird's colours are delightful, but these most especially 
the best artist must ever despair of equalling. About a third 
the natural size." 

No. 48. Scarlet and Green Parrot, a young female. 

Aprosmictus qfanopygius (Vieill.), Salvad., Cat. B., xx., 
p. 486. 

No. 49. Scarlet and Green Parrot. Male. 

Tn the " General Histoiy of Birds," vol. ii., p. 116, Latham 
refei-s to the native name " Wellat " of Watling's MS. note, which 
reads : — " Half the natural size. Native name WellatJ' 

No. 50. Scarlet and Green Parrot, var. or young male. 

No. 51. Scarlet and Green Parrot. Latham's MS. 

Watling's note : " Female of No. 2. Half the natural size. 
Native name Wellat" 

No. 52. Banksian Cockatoo, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 91-first. 
Paitiacua banksiiy Lath., Ind. Om., i., p. 107 (1790). 
Calypiorhynchus hanhaii, Salvad., Cat. B., xx., p. 109. 

Latham's description of this figure is as follows : " The first 
is black, except a large yellow patch under each eye, the base of 
all but the two middle tail-feathers buff, dotted with black ; bill 
and legs pale ; not common." He makes allusion to the 
drawings from New Holland, and had evidently Watling's 
pictures in his mind. He appears to have founded his *' varieties " 
of the Banksian Cockatoo on the same figures and notes of 
Watling, who gives the following note : " From the tip of the 
beak to the tip of the tail 2 feet 8 inches. Native name Karratt, 
All the varieties of the black Cockatoos are so called ; this is the 
most uncommon bird." 

No. 53. Banksian Cockatoo, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii, 
p. 92, no. 3. 

Watling's note : " Native name Karratt. One-fourth the 
natural size." 

This figure is described by Latham: "Thirdly, without the 
yellow patch under the eye; but the black plumage sprinkled 
with yellow dots ; the tail crimson, barred with black, just as in 
the Supplement to my * Synopsis.' " 



Birds. 117 

Na 54. Banksian Cockatoo, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 

p. 21 (91), var. B. 
The description given by Latham of this figure is as follows : 
"This is 23 inches in length ; bill as in the last (lead colour), 
the base of it hid in the feathers ; head, neck, and under parts 
d the body dull brown, margined on the crown and nape 
with olive ; the body above, the wings and tail glossy black ; all 
hut the two middle feathers of the last crimson in the middle, 
bat not banded with black." 

Watling's note : " The length of this bird from the top of 
his head to the tip of his tail 2 feet 5 inches ; the extent of the 
wings from tip to tip 4 feet. Native name Karroti. The 
most common genus in New South Wales." 

No. 56. Banksian Cockatoo, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 

p. 92, no. 4. 
Latham's description of this figure is as follows : " Fourthly, 
^ yellow patch under the eye composed of pale streaked 
feathers; side tail-feathers deep buff yellow, mottled with 
brown; fore part of the neck and breast marked with pale 
yellow buff crescents." 

Watling's note is : " Native name Karroit A rare genus. 
Half the size nature." 

Na 57. Scyihrops novse hollandise, Lath., Ind. Om., i., p. 141 

(1790); Shelley, Cat. B., xix., p. 330. 

Watling's note : '* The native name Ooe-re-e-gang, This 

singular bird is by no means numerous about us, even in the 

months that it is seen, which are only three or four times in a 

jear. It generally makes its appearance in October, and is 

seldom seen unless in the mornings and evenings; they are 

sometimes seen seven or eight together but oftener in pairs ; 

both on the wing and when perched they make a strange loud 

screaming noise, not unlike that made by the common cock or 

hen, when they perceive a hawk or any other bird of prey 

hovering over them. Their errand to this part of New South 

Wales seems to be merely for the purpose of pairing, building 

their nests, and bringing forth their young, which when done 

concludes their visit, and they migrate or depart to some other 

quarter about January ; where they frequent the other part of 

the year we know not. In the crop and gizzard of several which 

I shot I found the seeds of the red gum and peppermint trees, 

which I believe to be their principal food. The bill, which is 

strong, homy, and pointed, is well adapted for breaking and 



118 Zoology. 

dividing the capsules, as is the tongue, which is smaU and 
pointed, and of a hard cartilaginous substance, for picking out the 
seeds. In some of their stomachs I found the capsule or peri- 
carpium whole, which they not unfrequently swallow without 
waiting to pick out the seeds. I have also found in their 
stomachs the wings and legs of some kinds of beetles, but in a 
quantity that bore no proportion to the capsule and seed already 
spoken of. The bill (whose upper mandible is very pointed and 
round or bent at the extremity lapping over the under) and legs 
are of a lead colour, the former rather inclining to a brown ; the 
toes are placed two forward and two behind, the two hind ones 
opening so as to admit the two before to be placed between 
them when the [bird] is sitting or perched on a limb or branch of 
a tree not too large for the toes to grasp or go round. The 
bird from which this drawing is taken was a female with a 
very distinct ovarium, but the eggs not formed. It measures 
from the tip of the bill to the white extremity of the tail 2 feet, 
and from the tip to tip of each wing exactly the same. The tail 
(which it sometimes displays like a fan) is not very short of the 
length of the body, and gives it in flight or sitting a very 
majestic appearance; the legs are rather short for the size of 
the bird (whole body is the size of a Crow), and partakes much 
of the Parrot kind. The natives know very little about its 
habits, haunts, etc., etc. However, they consider its appearance 
an indication of wind and blowing weather, and that its frightful 
scream is through fear, as it is not a bird of very active or quick 
flight. Nothing in nature can be more fiery or fierce than the 
uncommon clearness of the pupil eye. I had a wounded one 
two days alive, but could not get it to eat ; it bit eveiything 
that approached it very severely." 

Latham has transferred this note into his account of the 
Channel-bill in his " General History " (vol. ii, p. 300, pL 32), 
but he attributes the story of the wounded bird to " Mr. White." 

No. 58. Black-faced Crow, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 116. 
(hnma melanops, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. 24. 
Graucalus melanopa, Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., p. 30. 

Watling's note is as follows : " Natural size. This is a bird 
of prey ; the native name Kai-a-lora'^ This figure is the type of 
the species. 

No. 59. Velvet-faced Crow, Latham [MS.] ; id., Gen. Hist. 
B., iii., p. 35 (1822). 

Apparently taken from a specimen of Edoliisoma tenuiroitre 



Birds. 119 

(JanL), bat not a very correct representation, as the black on the 
head is more extended than in any of the Museum specimens. 
No. 60. Variable Crow, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 117. 
Corvus eersicohrf Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxv. 
Strepera cuneicaudaia (Vieill.), Sharpe, Cat. B., iii., p. 60. 
This is certainly the same bird as Cr adieus cuneicaudatw of 
Yieillot, 1810, so that Latham's name versicolor takes precedence. 
I have, by mistake, omitted Latham's reference in the " Catalogue 
(rf Birds," but G. R. Gray seems to have correctly identified the 
apedes, of which Watling's picture is the type. 

His note is : " This representation is about one-quarter the 
size of the bird the drawing was taken from, and the only one 
yet scML I had the skin, therefore the iris is doubtful ; however, 
the general likeness is very good." 

No. 61. Blue-and-white Crow, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 117. 
Corvus cyanoleucusy Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxv. 
Orallina picata (Lath.), Sharpe, Cat. B., iii., p. 272 (1877). 
Litham does not seem to have recognised these drawings as 
representing his "Pied Grakle " (Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 130), 
rinoe he gave a new name. The synonymy in the " Catalogue of 
Birds" is not complete, as I have omitted these references of 
Litham's. 

Watling's note is : " One-half the natural size. Native name 
Mur-re^an" 

No. 62. Blue-and-white Crow, Lath. 

Watling gives the following note: "Natural size. April. 
Native name Karrook, a rare bird." 

No. 63. Black-and-white Crow, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 117. 
Corvus melanoleucus, Lath., Ind. Orn. Suppl., p. xxv. 
Watling's note is : " Half the natural size. May." 
lam unable to identify this drawing satisfactorily. It is 
eTidently a black Strepera, which might be S, graculina, but it 
does not quite agree with the specimens, as it is figured with a 
white rump and white throat, which features are not to be found 
in S. graculina. 

No. 64. Pacific Roller, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 371. 
Coracias pacifica, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxv. 
Eurystomus australis (Swains.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xvii, 
p. 36. 
Watling's note is as follows : " Half the size of the bird was 



120 Zoology. 

taken from. It is a rare bird, the third only that we have seen ; 
the colours are much too dull. 

This drawing is the type of Euryatomus pacificusy which name 
definitely takes precedence over the name of australiB of Swain- 
son. In the " Catalogue of Birds '' I was not certain as to the 
identity of Carcusias padfica of Latham, owing, doubtless, to the 
description having been taken from a di'awing. 

No. 65. Noisy Roller, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 121. 
Coradas streperay Lath., Ind. Orn., i., p. 173. 
Strepera graculina (White), Sharpe, Cat. B., iii., p. 57. 

This drawing represents a black-and-white Strepera with 
a yellow eye, and is undoubtedly taken from a specimen of 
S. graculina. 

The following note is given by Watling: <<One half the 
natural size. June." 

No. 66. Piping Roller, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl., p. 122. 
Coraciaa tihicen, Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. xxvii. 
Qymnorhina iibicen, Gadow, Cat. B., viii., p. 91. 

This figure is the type of Oymnorhina tibicen (Lath.). Wat- 
ling's note is : '< Natural size. Native name larra-wan-nang. 
This bird has a soft note not unlike the sound of a well-tuned 
flute. It is a bird of prey." Latham, as usual, has published the 
original note, without acknowledgment, and has twisted it into 
**It preys often on small birds," which is not what Watling 
wrote. 

No. 67. Southern Oriole, Latham MS. 

= Chreen Chrakle, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 129. 
Oracula viridiSf Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxviii. 
Oriolus viridis, Sharpe, Cat. B., iii., p. 212. 

Watling's note : " Half natural size." 

No. 68. White-naped Grakle, Lath. MS. 

Another figure of Oymnorhina tibicen. 

Watling's note : " Three-fourths of its natural size. Native 
name Dar-rung-a, Gracula." 

No. 69. Green Grakle, Lath., Suppl. ii., p. 129. See No. 67. 

A larger drawing of the Green Oiiole (Oriolus tiridis). Latham 
does not seem to have recognised the identity of Nos. 67 and 69. 
Watling*s note says simply : " Natural size. A rare bird.' 
Latham writes : " Inhabits New Holland, where it is said to be 
a rare bird." 

No. 70. Cinereous Grakle, Lath. [MS.] ; lU, Gen. Hist. B., 
iii,, p. 169 (1822). 



Birds. 121 

This is, in my opinion, the Harmonic Thrush of Latham, Gen. 
Sjn., Soppl. ii., p. 182 (= Turdus harmonicus, Lath., Ind. Orn., 
SnppL, p. xli.).* 

Watling's note is as follows : " Natural size, from Port 
Jackson. A kind of Thrush by its note." 

No. 71. Brown Grakle, Latham [MS.] ; id., Gen. Hist. B., 
iii., p. 170 (1822). 
= Megalurus cruralisj Vigors and Horsiield, Trans. Linn. 

Soc., XV., p. 228 (1826). 
Cindarhamphua eruralia, Sharpe, Cat. B., vii., p. 498. 
Watling's note : " This drawing is about one third the natural 
o». New South Wales." 

No. 72. Blue-headed Cuckow, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. iL, 
p. 137. 
CuctUus cyanocephalusy Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl, p. xxx. 
Eudynamia cyanoc^hala, Shelley, Cat. B., xix., p. 324. 
This drawing is the type of the species, and is a very good 
rq)resentation of the Australian Koel. Watling's note is : " This 
is the only bird hitherto found in the country of New South 
Wales. Another of a similar form and magnitude but of a glossy 
black colour was taken at the same time, but whether of a 
cliiffent genus or the male and female of this species Mr. White 
VIS not able to determine. Li make and character it resembles 
the Anomalous Hornbill ; the colour is more brown." Latham 
gives the substance of the above note, but gives credit for it to 
Mr. Lambert. 

No. 73. Pheasant Cuckow, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 137. 
Cuculus phasianus, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxx. 
Centropu8 phasianua, Shelley, Cat. B., xix., p. 340. 
Again, this drawing is the type of the species. Watling's 
note: "One half the natural size. Native name Tem-minvk. 
The New South Wales Pheasant. The only one seen as yet." 
No. 74. Tippet Cuckow, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 13JS. 
Cuatlus palliolattis, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxx. 
Misocalius palliolattiSy Shelley, Cat. B., xix., p. 279. 
This drawing is the type of Cuculus palliolatus of Latham. 
Watling's note : " One half the natural size. A rare bird." 
No. 75. Fan-tailed Cuckow, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 138, pi. cxxvi. 
Cuculus flabeUiformts, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxx. 
Gacamantis flaheUiformis, Shelley, Cat. B., xix., p. 266. 
* Of. Sharpe, Cat. Birds, ill., p. 290. 



122 Zoology. 

Latham's description and figure are both taken from 
Watling's drawings, but his plate represents the bird as of a deeper 
red colour underneath than in Watling's picture, which may have 
faded a little ; the latter writer says that the figure was of the 
** natural size." It is the type of the species. 

No. 76. Glossy Cuckow, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. iL, p. 138. 
Cuculus plagosus, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxzi. 
Chalcococcyx plagosusy Shelley, Cat. B., xix., p. 297. 

This is the type of Ghalcococcyx plagostis of Latham, who says 
that he is indebted to Mr. Lambert for some of the birds 
described by him ; so that it may be that Latham, when he had 
these drawings before him, had received them from Mr. Lambert. 
It is curious that Watling's name is not mentioned, as many of 
the drawings bear his signature ; nor is that of his employer, 
3Ir. James Lee. 

Watling's note: "The natural size. The yellow does not 
appear so bright as in the bird, and what is very singular in this 
bird it has two claws, before and behind the feet." 

No. 77. Great Brown Kingfisher, Lath., Gen. Syn., ii., p. 609. 
Alcedo giganiea, Lath., Ind. Om., i., p. 245. 
Dacelo gigas (Bodd.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xvii., p. 204. 

Wat ling's note is : " Two thirds the natural size. Native 
name Goo-ge-na-gan^ 

No. 78. Great Brown Kingfisher, Lath., Gen. Syn., ii,, p. 609. 

Another figure of Dacelo gigasy but with a more rufous tail 
(i.e. female bird) and darker under-surface, the blue on the 
wings indicated more plainly. 

Watling's note is : " This bird lives on insects, worms, etc., 
principally ; though sometimes seeds are found in its crop. It is 
by no means numerous and very solitary ; still from its note, 
which is that of a human loud and continued laugh, it might be 
considered a cheerful bird. The natives call it Qooganegang^ 
but with us it has the appellation of the Laughing Bird. None 
of them have ever been observed pairing, nor has any of their 
nests been found. The largest I have ever seen was the one from 
which this drawing was taken — from the bill end to the tip of 
the tail it measured 16 J inches, and from tip to tip of the wings 
18 inches. It is a bird of slow and short flight, and seems when 
on the wings to have some difficulty to support its fore-part, 
which regularly from the head and bill (which is large and 
strong) to the tail decreases in size. The feet are of a lead 
colour with black claws, and small in proportion to the size of the 



Birds. 123 

bird. I have seen the feathers on the head form a more complete 
crest than the drawing exhibits ; however, in other respects it is 
a faithful copy. Native name Ooo^e-ne-gang, likewise this is 
called the Laughing Jack Ass." 

No. 79. Sacred Kingfisher, variety. 

Azure Eongfisher, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 372. 
Alcedo azurea, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxxii. 
Akyone azureay Sharpe, Cat. B., xvii, p. 168. 
This is a very good figure of Alcyone azurea, and has nothing 
to do with the Sacred Kingfisher, with which Latham attempts 
to identify it. Watling gives no note to this figure. 
No. 80. Collared Kingfisher, variety. 

Halcyon sancUis (Vig. and Horsf.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xvii., 
p. 267. 
A fairly good picture of H. sanctus, but not quite accurate, as 
the artist has exaggerated the white nape-patch so as to form a 
kind of collar. 

Watling'g note : " Natural size." 

No. 81. Orange-winged Nuthatch, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. 
il, p. 146, pi. 127. 
SiUa chrygopiera, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxxii. 
Sittella chrysoptera, Gadow, Cat. B., viiL, p. 360. 
NeosiUa chrysoptera, Sharpe, Handl. B., iv., p. 351 (1903). 
This figure is the type of Sitta chrysopieray and the figure in 
lAtham^s "Synopsis " seems to have been copied from Watling*s 
drawing. 

Watling's note is : " Three fourths of its natural size. Native 
name Mur-ri-gang. Very rare." 
No. 82. The same as No. 81. 

Watling's note : " Two thirds the natural size. Under the 
tail a fine white [patch], barred irregularly with black. A rare 
bird." 

No. 83. Red-breasted Tody, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 147. 
Todfu ruheculay Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxxii. 
Myiagra rubecuUij Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., p. 373. 
Watling gives the following note, much of which is transcribed 
in Latham's description : ^* Almost the natural size. This little 
bird has a bifid tongue. The points on each side the cleft are a 
little divided or feathered. It is the second of the kind I have 
seca in the coarse of six years' residence in N. S. Wales. The 
contour in general resemblance is good." 



124 Zoology. 

No. 84. Variegated Bee-eater, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 155, pi. cxxviii. 
Merops ornaius, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxxv. ; Sharpe, 
Cat. B., xvii., p. 74. 

Latham described this species from a specimen in the 
collection of General Davies, but he mentions a figure as 
being among "Mr. Lambert's collection of drawings." The 
figure in Latham's work is an impossible one, whereas Watling's 
figure is by no means bad. He gives the following note : " The 
same size as the bird this drawing was taken from ; the colours 
are more brilliant. Native name Dee-weed-gang" 

No. 85 is said to be the same as 84, but the drawing appears 
to be missing. 

No. 86. Wattled Bee-eater, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 150. 
Merops carunculatuSy Lath., Ind. Orn., I., p. 276. 
Acanihochsera carunculata, Gadow, Cat. B., ix., p. 263. 

This drawing is mentioned by Latham (Z.c.) as being in 
Mr. Lambert's collection, and he adopts Watling's note, given 
herewith, almost in its entirety : " Native name Ooo-gwar-ruck, 
which much resembles a word it is constantly chattering. Half 
the natural size. This bird much frequents the sea shores, 
where it is pretty numerous. It is a chattering bird, and lives 
on insects and sucking honey from the different Banksias. 
When other birds even larger than themselves and stronger 
approaches them it drives them away." 

No. 87. Cowled Bee-eater, Lath., Gren. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 155. 
Merops monachus, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxxiv. 
Philemon comiculatuSf Lath. ; Gadow, Cat. B., ix., p. 271. 

In his list of Watling's Plates, Latham identifies this figure 
(87) as the Knob-fronted Bee-eater ( = Merops comiculaiusy Lath., 
Ind. Orn., i., p. 276), but in his note on the plate itself, he seems 
to think that the two birds are the same, and this view is no 
doubt correct. 

Watling's note is as follows : " About one third of the natural 
size. This bird is generally found perching upon the topmost 
boughs of the tall trees. Its food is insects and honey, which it 
extracts from plants and flowering shrubs. The Paroquets hold 
it in enmity, nor do they ever part before a severe combat." 

" It varies from the Knob-fronted [Bee-eater] in the sex 
or age." 

No. 88. Cowled Bee-eater (juv.). 

Watling's note : " Native name Wergan, or a Friar. January. 



Birds. 125 

Two thirds the natural size ; it is supposed to be a young bird. 
It varies from the Klnob-fronted [Bee-eater] in sex or size." 
Xo. 89. Golden- winged Bee-eater, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 153. 
Merops chrysopterus. Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl. ii., p. xxxiii. 
MeUivorous Bee-eater^ Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 166. 
Acanihochsera mellivora (Lath.), Gadow, Cat. B., ix., p. 264. 
The oldest name for A. mellivora appears to be yl. chrysoptera 
(Lath.), both being founded on Watling's drawings. His notes 
are quoted by Latham, as follows : " One half the natural size. 
Called from our English people Querrick, from its note. Native 
name Wad-de-ur-gaV^ 

No. 90. Golden-winged Bee-eater, Lath. 
Watling's note is : " Native name Qoo-gwar-ruck, Natui-al 
size; it Uves on flies, insects, and sucking honey from the 
Banksias, etc." 

" This genus of Flycatcher are very numerous in N. S. Wales, 
and seldom seen but near the seashore, especially about where 
the natives resort. It is a most active lively bird, constantly in 
action, either sucking honey, taking flies, or contending with 
other birds. Two or three of these kind will rout a flock of the 
Blue-bellied Parrots, a genus which they are often engaged 
with.'' 

No. 91. Black-eared Bee-eater, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 153. 
Meropg auritttSy Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. xxxiv. 
Watling's note : " Natural size." This is a chestnut-coloured 
bird, depicted with a brush-tipped tongue. Otherwise I should 
have identified it as a Cinclosoma and probably intended for 
C. dnnamomeum. In view of the tongue, however, I consider 
that the species cannot be pi-operly identified. 

No. 92. Black-and-yellow Bee^ater, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. 
ii., p. 154. 
Merop8 phrygius. Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxxiv. 
Meliphaga phrygia, Gadow, Cat. B., ix., p. 221. 
This is the type of Merops phrygim of Latham, who admits 
that his description is taken from the " drawings of Mr. 
Lambert." 

Watling's note : " Natural size." 
No. 93. Black-and-yellow Bee-eater. 

The colour of the bird in this picture has apparently very 
much changed with time, but Latham seems to have had no 



126 Zoology. 

doubt of its identity with No. 92, and he must have examineci 
the drawing in its early days. 

Watling's note : " About half the natural size. The lights 
tint round the eye is not plumage but a kind of fleshy excrescence, 
resembling in substance the gills of a cock or hen." 

No. 94. Blue-cheeked Bee-eater, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 154. 
Merops cyanops, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxxiv. 
Ihitomyza cyanotia (Lath.), Gadow, Cat. B., ix., p. 268. 
Latham first described this bird as the Blue-eared Grakle 
(Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 130), from a specimen in General Davies' 
collection. He afterwards named it Chracula cyanoiis (Ind. Orn., 
Suppl., p. xxix.). He does not seem to have recognised that 
his " Blue-cheeked Bee-eater " was the same bird, and therefore 
Merops cyanops (Lath.) = Entomyza cyanoiis (Lath.). 

Watling's note : " Two thirds the natural size. Native name 
Der-ro-gang^ 

No. 95. Blue-cheeked Bee-eater, Lath., Gen. Syn., SuppL ii., 

p. 154. 
Watling's note : " One half natural size." 

Black-headed QraJde, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii. 

p. 129. 
Oracula melanocephala, Lath., Ind. Orn., SuppL, p. xxviii. 
No. 96. Chattering Bee-eater, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 154. 

Merops garrulusy Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxxiv. 
Manorhina garrula, Gadow, Cat. B., ix., p. 260. 
The original description was taken from a specimen in General 
Davies' collection. Latham does not seem to have recognised 
Watling's drawings as belonging to the same species, and bestowed 
a new name, cyanopsy upon the bird 

Watling's note : " One half the natural size. This chattering 
bird often gives notice to the Kangaroo when the sportsmen are 
after them. It is pretty numerous, and always at war with 
others of the feathered kind. The yellow behind the eye is bare 
of feathers, and has just the appearance of yellow Morocco 
leather. The general likeness is good." 
No. 97. Chattering Bee-eater. 
A full-sized picture of Myzantha garrula. 
Watling's note : ** Natural size. The iris is doubtful. A 
chattering bird and often prevents the sportsman from getting a 
shot at the Potrigorang." 



Birds. 127 

No. 98. New Holland Creeper, White, Journ. N. S. Wales, 
pp. 186, 297, pis. 15, 65; Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 161. 
Certhia novse hollandisey Lath., Ind. Orn., i., p. 296. 
Mdiomis novse hollandisB (Lath.), Gadow, Cat. B., ix., 
p, 253. 
This figure is not the type of the species, the birds having 
been figured by White. 

Watling's note: "Natural size. Native name Bahjonera. 
January." 

No. 99. Black-eyed Creeper, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 165. 
Cerikia melanops, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxxvi. 
Glyciphila fulvifrons (Lewin), Gadow, Cat. B., ix., p. 210. 
This is the type of Certhia melanops of Latham, founded on 
the "Black-eyed Creeper," of which Dr. Gradow doubted the 
identity. There need be no further question, however, on this 
point, and the species must be called Glyciphila melanops (Lath.). 
Watling's note: "Natural size. A honey bird. A Fly- 
catcher." 

No. 100. Black-eyed Creeper, variety. 

Watling's note : '* Natural size. This bird has a whistling 
note and lives on honey, etc." 
No. 101. Black-eyed Creeper. 

Watling's note : " The same size as the bird the drawing was 
taken from." 

No. 102. Slender-billed Creeper, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 165, pi. cxxix. 
Certhia ienuirostrisy Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxxvi. 
Acanihorhynchus tenuirostris, Gadow, Cat. B., ix., p. 144. 
This drawing is the type of A. tenuirostris (Lath.). Watling's 
note: "Natural size." 

No. 103. Slender-billed Creeper, female. 
Watling's note : " Natural size. This bird lives on flies and 
honey ; when flying it makes a singular noise as if the tips of the 
wings were beat together under the bird's belly. It hovers over 
flowers and extracts honey with its brush tongue." 

No. 104. Mellivorous Creeper, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 166.* 
Certhia meUirora, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxxvii, 
Aeanthochaara mellivoray Gadow, Cat. B., ix., p. 264. 
* C/. fig. 89. 



128 Zoology. 

Watling's note : " One -half the natural size. Native name 
Ooo-gwar-rucJc'* 

No. 105. Black-headecl Creeper, Lath., Gen, Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 167. 
Cerihia atricapilla^ Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. xxxviL 
This figure is intended for the bird usually called Melithrepiug 
lanulatus (Shaw) ; cf. Gadow, Cat. B., ix., p. 204. Shaw's name 
is adopted by Dr. Gadow, but I cannot reconcile the des- 
cription given by Shaw (Gen. Zooh, viii., p. 224, 1811) — with 
the "back, wings, and tail cinnamon-brown" — with any species 
of MelithreptU8. The name ought to have been dropped on this 
account, but it matters no longer, as Latham's name of airi- 
4;apilla antedates Shaw's name by ten years. 

No. 106. Identified by Latham as his " Black-headed Creeper," 
but it is a very poor representation, the back being brown, and 
no sign of the white on the nape. 

No. 107. Cochineal Creeper, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 167. 
Cerihia dibapTut, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxxvii, 
Myzomela sanguinolenia (Lath.) ; Gadow, Cat. B., ix., 
p. xxxvii. 
Watling's note : " The natural size." {See No. 108.) 
No. 108. Cochineal Creeper. 

This is the type of Latham's " Cochineal Creeper," as is 
further proved by his adoption, without acknowledgment, of 
Watling's note : "A rare bird, only seen in the spring." 

C. dibapha is a synonym of 3f. sanguinolenta (Lath.), but 
Latham does not seem to have recognised the fact from the 
drawings. 

No. 109. Sanguineous Creeper, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii, 
p. 167, pi. cxxx. 
Cerihia sanguinohnia. Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. xxxvii. 
Myzomela aanguinolerUay Gadow, Cat. B., ix., p. 131. 
This is the type of Latham's " Sanguineous Creeper," and I 
believe the plate in the second " Supplement " to the " General 
Synopsis " to have been taken from Watling's figure. 

No. 110. Caprulean Creeper, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 169. 

Cerihia cserulescens, Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. xxxviii 

Zosierops cserulescensy Sharpe, Cat. B., ix., p. 152. 

This is evidently intended for a Zosierops, but the colours 

are not very exact. The white eyelid is shown in Watling's 

drawing, which is of the " natural size." Latham does not mention 



Birds. 129 

the white eyelid in his description, which, however, is manifestlj 
{oaiided on Watling's picture, which thus becomes the type of 
Z, aendewens (Lath.). 

No. 111. Agile Creeper, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 168. 

Certhia agilis, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. zxxviii. 
Latham's name is not founded on this drawing, which I am 
nnsUe to identify. Dr. Gadow apparently did not know of the 
osme. The bird is depicted as grey above, white below, with a 
bnuh-tongue. Watling says that the bird is of the " natural size." 
Na 112. Yellow-winged Creeper, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 168. 
Cerihia pyrrhopteray Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxxviii. 
Meliomis australasiana (Shaw); Gadow, Cat. B., ix., 
p. 252. 
"Watling's note : " Natural size. The only one of the kind 
e?er shot It is a rare bird." 

There is no doubt that this drawing is the type of Latham's 
"Yellow-winged Creeper," and therefore his name of pyrrhopiera^ 
vkich Dr. Gadow doubted as belonging to JIf. australasiana of 
Sh&w, takes precedence over the latter name, which is founded on 
"L'Heoro-Taire noir et blanc" of Yieillot. The species must, 
therefwe, bear the name of Meliomis pyrrhoptera (Lath.), unless 
this he considered inappropriate for a yellouhwinged bird. 
Na 113. Yellow- winged Creeper. 

Latham identifies this as the same as No. 112, but it looks 
quite different, and has red on the quills, so that it is evident 
thit this suggested the name of pyrrhoptera. No black on the 
ned[ or wing-ooverts is shown, and I cannot identify the species, 
vhich is evidently intended for a Honey-sucker, as the bmsh- 
toogae IB carefully indicated. 
Watling's note is : " Natural size. A Flycatcher." 
No. 114. Hoary Creeper, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 

p. 168. 
Oerikia eaneBcens, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxxvii 
This IS another brush-tongued bird of a grey colour, with a 
li^t pinkish breast. I know of no Meliphagine bird to which 
the name could be applied. Watling says that his drawing is of 
the "natural size." 

Na 115. Yellow-eared Creeper, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 169. 
Oerihia ekrysoUs, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxxviii. 
This figure represents PHlotis lewini of Gadow's '< Catalogue, 
▼OL. n. K 



130 Zoology. 

ix., p. 229, and the latter species should, therefore, stand as 
P. chrysotis (Lath.). 

Watling's note : ** One half the natural size. This bird, 
which is not very common in New South Wales, has one single 
sweet whistling note. It is very shy and seldom seen, and, as 
most small birds in this country, it has a feathered tongue for 
the purpose of catching flies, etc., and sucking honey from the 
flowers and plants on which most of them live." 

No. 116. Missing. 

No. 117. Yellow-eared Creeper. 

Latham has confused this figure with the foregoing. It 
seems to have been drawn from a specimen of Ptilotis ftuca of 
Gould. This figure may have been taken from a bird in worn 
plumage. 

No. 118. Yellow-eared Creeper. 

Here again Latham has confounded a very difierent species, 
and there can be no doubt, I think, that the bird figured is 
not Ptilotia chry satis (M. 115), but is Sylvia chrysops, Lath., Ind. 
Om., Suppl., p. liv. (Black-cheeked Warbler — not Honey-eater, 
as Gadow quotes it — of Latham, Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 248). 

Watling's note is : " Natural size. This bird has a pleasant 
whistling note." 

No. 119. Yellow-eared Creeper. 

This is also identified by Latham with the foregoing pictures, 
but it is evidently meant for a small figure of P. lewini {^P. 
chrysotis [Lath.]). 

Watling's note is: *'Half the natural size. It is a very 
lively bird, sucks honey out of the gum-tree flowers, and catches 
flies, insects, etc." 

No. 120. Red-rumped Creeper, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 169. 
Certhia erythropyffia, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xzxviiL 
Myzomela sanguinolenta (Lath.)^ Gradow, Cat. B., ix., p. 131.* 

This figure represents a young bird, as the scarlet plumage 
is very slightly indicated, and is evidently the same as the 
Sanguineous Creeper. 

Watling gives the figure as of the ** natural size," and says 
that it is a " rare bird." 

No. 121. Black-eyed Thrush, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii, p. 181. 
Turdus melanopsy Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xl. 
Ptilotis auricomis (Lath.), Gadow, Cat. B., ix., p. 242. 
• C/ figs. 107-109. 



Birds. 131 

Watling's not© : ** Natural size. The native name of this very 
common bird in New South Wales is Dar-wang, It is a very 
lively bird, and by us called the TeUouhcared Flycatcher, The 
tongue is feathered at the tip for sucking honey, which it is very 
fond of. It builds its nest on the pensile branch of some trees 
or low shrubs, as I suppose, to avoid the opossum, flying squirrel, 
Hards, guana, and birds and mice. The yellow at ears are 
tufts of feathers longer than those on the other part of 
the head." 

No. 122. Black-eyed Thrush. 

This figure is the type of the " Yellow-tufted Flycatcher " of 
Lstham (Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 215, = Muscicapa auricomUy Lath., 
Ind. Om., Suppl., p. xHx.). The species, therefore, must bear the 
name of Ptilotis melanaps {vide mipra, No. 121). 

Watling's note : " Half the natural size. Native name 
Dor-iwn^." 

No. 123. Doubtful Thrush, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 182. 
Turdus dubiu8f Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xl. 
SUiira inguieta (Lath.), Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., p. 407. 

This is the type of the " Doubtful Thrush/' which has been 
correctly referred to S, inquieta by many writers. Watling's 
iKyte : " The same size as the bird the drawing was taken from." 

No. 124. Lunulated Thrush, Lath.,Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii.,p. 184. 
Turdus lunulatWf Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl.. p. xlii. 
Geocichla lunidatay Seebohm, Cat. B., ▼., p. 155. 

The figure is taken from a bird which has apparently lost most 
of its tail-feathers, so that it is impossible to state whether the 
characters for the species are as stated by Mr. Seebohm (/.c, 
p. 149). It is a good figure of an Oreocichla, and is the type of 
0. /vrnJoto (Lath.). According to Watling's note, it is of the 
"natural size." 

No. 125. Yellow-bellied Thrush, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 187. 
JSirdus melinuSf Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. xliv. 
SerieuluB melinust Sharpe, Cat. B., vi., p. 395. 

** Watling's note : " Natural size. Sexual differences. May." 

The only bird for which this figure could be intended seems 
^meiohe Spheeoiheresflaviventrisy Grould, but this species has not 
& red bill, and does not occur in New South Wales. At any rate, 
the figure is not exact enough for me to recommend the supersession 
of Qould's name. 

Watling's figure is, of course, the type of Turdus melinus of 

K 2 



132 Zoology. 

Latham, a name universally applied to the Regent Bird {Sericuhu). 
This it certainly is not, and the name must be dropped, and the 
latter species called Serieulus chrysocephalus (Lewin). 

No. 126. Pale-cheeked Honey-eater, Lath. [MS.] ; id,, Gen, 
Hist. B., iv., p. 167 (1822). 
Manorhtna melanophrys (Lath.) ; Gadow, Gat. B., ix., p. 259. 
This is undoubtedly the same as No. 149 {vide infra), the 
latter figure being the type of M, melanophrys (Lath.). 
Watling*s note : " Natural size. November." 
No. 127. Coach Whip Flycatcher, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 222. 
Muacicapa crepitans, Lath., Ind* Om., Suppl., p. li. 
Paophodea Cretans, Sharpe, Cat. B., vii., p. 350. 
This is the type of Latham's « Coach-Whip Flycatcher." He 
annexes Watling's paragraph on the note of the bird, but says 
that the native name is " Djow." 

Watling's note is as follows : '^ One-half the natural size. Native 
name Wan-nang, This bird, from a single note resembling the 
crack of a coachman's whip, is called the Coach-Whip Flycatcher." 
No. 128. White-crowned Honey-eater, Lath. MS. ; id., Gen. 
Hist. B., iv., p. 169 (1822). 
Meliomia auatralasiana (Shaw), Gadow, Cat. B.,ix.,p. 252. 
Watling's note : " Very numerous and common in New South 
Wales. Native name Balganera, Half the size of nature." 
No. 129. White-naped Honey-eater, Lath. [MS.]; id,, Gen. 
Hist. B., iv., p. 168 (1822). 
Melithreptua lunulatus (Shaw), Gadow, Cat. B., ix., p. 204. 
Watling's drawing is of the " natural size." 
No. 130. White-naped Honey-eater, Lath. MS. (&«No.l29.) 
Watling's note : " Natural size. A male bird. December." 
No. 131. White-naped Honey-eater, Lath. MS. (5'«e No. 129.) 
Watling's note : " Natural size. It is a lively little bird ; 
frequently contends with small Parrots for flowers. March." 
No. 132. White-crowned Honey-eater, Lath. [MS.]; Gen. 
Hist. B., iv., p. 169 (1822). {See No. 128.) 
Blue-eared Grakle, Lath., G^n. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 130 

(founded on a description given by General Davies). 
Oracula cyanotia. Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxix. 
Blue-cheeked Bee-eater, Lath., Gen. Syn., SuppL ii, 

p. 154. 
Merops cyanops. Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. xxxiv. 
Blue-cheeked Thrush, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 184. 



Birds. 133 

Turdu8 cyanoua [cyaneu8\j Lath., Ind. Om., SuppL, p. xlii. 
Eniomyza cyanotis (Lath.), Gadow, Gat. B., ix., p. 268. 
A poor figure, but it can only be referred to E, cyanotis, 
which Latham has described under several names. 

Watling's note : " Half the natural size. The yellow or 
willow-green about the eye is entirely bare of feathers, resem- 
bling much yellow morocco leather. The white on the vertex 
fonns a crescent, with its concave side towards the bill ; the 
dark feathers from which to the bill are very short and thin, and 
of a deep lead colour. The belly and feathers of the tail about 
the vent are white, except just under the lower mandible, where 
thej are of a deep lead colour for about Ij^ inches running down 
the breast. It has only one shrill whistling note, which it is 
constantly repeating. It hops' like the Magpie, has a feathered 
tongue, catches flies and insects of every kind, on which it 
principally lives, and I am rather inclined to think sometimes 
kills and eats small birds, from its attacking a Warbler I one day 
pot into the cage where I kept it for some time after being 
wounded. This bird is very rare, and the only one seen." 

No. 133. Mustachoe Flycatcher, Latham, Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 221. 
Muscicapa mysiacea. Lath., Ind. Cm., Suppl., p. Ii. 
Ptilotis auricomiSf Gadow, Cat. B., ix., p. 242 {vide mpra, 
no. 121). 
Watling gives the following note : ** Two thirds the natural 
size. This bird is often seen contending with small Parroquets.'' 
No. 134. Black-cheeked Warbler, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 248. 
Sylvia ehryaopSf Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. liv. 
Ptilotis chrysops, Gadow, Cat. B., ix., p. 236. 
This is the type of Sylvia chrysops of Latham. 
Watling's note : ** Half the natural size. It has a brush 
ue, and is a lively little bird; it lives a good deal on 



No. 135. The Flycatcher. 

Watling's note : '' One third of the natural size. It has a 
feathered tongue." This is a brown bird, whitish underneath, 
Imt I am unable to identify the species. 

No. 136. 

Watling's note : " Half the natural size of the bird this 
drawing was taken from." This has received no name from 
I^tham, as in the case of the preceding. I cannot identify the 



134 Zoology. 

species, the figure not having the bill of a Honey-eater, thoug! 
is represented with a brush-tongue. 
No. 137. 

Watling's note : " Honey-eater. Natural size." 
No. 138. 

Watling's note : " Honey-eater. Natural size." 
The two figures, 137, 138, represent some small specie* 
Passerine bird, but I have not been able to identify them. 
139. Dirigang Creeper, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii, p. 16( 
Certhia leucophma^ Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xxxvi. 
Climacteris acandena (Temm.), Gadow, Cat. B., \ 
p. 337. 
This figure is the type of Latham's " Dirigang Creeper," 
Dr. Gadow has wrongly identified the species. The bird wl 
he calls CUmacteris scandens of Temminck is the true C. leucap 
(Latham), and (7. leucophsea, Gadow (Cat., p. 336), nee Lath 
should stand as C. picumnusy Temm. [Cf, Hellmayr, Ti< 
18. Lief., Paridce, etc., p. 224 (1903).] Mr. Hellmayr rig] 
points out that Strickland and others were wrong in assigi 
Latham's name of letieophsea to C, picumnus, but he did 
succeed in identifying Latham's description, and places 
Certhia leucophsea among the doubtful species of Meliphaga, 

Watling's note : " Half the natural size. Native name 1 
gong, A small Woodpecker of New South Wales." 

No. 40 (no. 1). Black-breasted Flycatcher, Lath., Gen. S 
Suppl. ii., p. 222. 
Muscicapa pecioralisj Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. li. 
Pachycepkala gutturalis (Lath.), Gadow, Cat. B., ^ 
p. 192. 
Latham writes : " This species is found at New South Wi 
in April." The figure is the type of M, pectoralis of Latl 
which, in strict priority, takes precedence of his Turdus guttur 
and the species should be known as Pachycepkala pecta 
(Lath.). 

Watling's note : " Natural size. April." 
No. 140 (no. 2). Guttural Thrush, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl 
p. 182. 
Turdua gutturaltSy Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xli. 
Pachycepkala gutturalis (Lath.), Gadow, Cat. B., ^ 
p. 192. 
Latham says : *' Inhabits New Holland ; not unfreque 
seen at Port Jackson in the winter months." Watling's not< 



Birds. 135 

"Natural siae. The yellow is much brighter than the bird 
sapposed to be a female of no. 1, and a very rare bird, never seen 
before in the cold or winter months." 

Xo. 141. Prasine Thrush, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 183. 
TvLrdus praainus^ Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xli. 
Fackycephala gfUturalis (Lath.), Gadow, Gat. B., viii., 
p. 192. 
This figure is probably intended to represent a young male of 
P. ^Mtralis. The dark spot under the eye, mentioned by 
Latliam, is the first indication of the approach to the adult 
plumage of the male. 

Watling^s note : " Natural size. December." 

No. 142. Appears to be the some bird in slightly different 

plumage and placed in another position. 
Watling's note : " The natural size of the bird this drawing 
Wig taken from. December." 

No. 143. Volatile Thrush, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 183. 
Turdus volitans, Lath., Lid. Cm., SuppL, p. xli. 
Sisura inquieta (Lath.), Sharpe, Gat. B., iy., p. 407. 
This figure represents the same bird to which Latham has 
applied the names of " Restless Thrush," << Doubtful Thrush," and 
"Flycatching Thrush." 

No. 144. Brown-crowned Thrush, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii. 
p. 184. 
Turdus ienehroauSf Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xlii. 
Ariamus sordidus (Lath.) ; Sharpe, Gat. B., xiii., p. 19. 
Hus figure represents the young of the Sordid Thrush, 
Twdus sordidu8f Lath. As the name appears on an earlier 
page than T. sordidus, it must take precedence, and the species 
nmst be called Artamus tenehrosus (Lath.). 

Watling says that the figure is the natural size. 
No. 145. Blue-cheeked Thrush, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 184. 
Turdu8 cyanou8 [cyaneus], Lath., Lid. Orn., Suppl., 

p. xlii. 
Entamyza cyanotia (Lath.) ; Gadow, Gat. B., viii., p. 268. 
Watling's note : " Two thirds the natural size. The blue part 
round the eyes is bfure of feathers and resembles a soft silky 
leather." 

No. 146. Blue-cheeked Thrush. 
A larger figure of the same bird. 



136 Zoology. 

Watling's note : " The natural size. This rare and curious 
bird has a singular whistling note. It is often seen pursuing 
smaller birds. The general likeness is good and is a strong 
copy." 

No. 147. Sooty Thrush, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 185. 

Turdua /ulig%no8U8f Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xlii. 
This name is not quoted by Mr. Seebohm, but there can be 
no doubt but that it is the Norfolk Island Thrush ( = the Ash- 
headed Thrush of Latham, Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 373). In this 
volume of Watling's drawings there are pictures of miLTHTna>l« 
and birds from Norfolk Island, showing that he had been there. 
The name of Menda poliocephala (Gould) must give way to that 
of M. fidiginosa (Lath.). 

No. 148. Blue-headed Thrush, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl ii, 
p. 185. 
Turdus cyanocephalua, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xliiL 
It is difficult to say what this figure is intended to represent. 
I know of no bird from New South Wales anything like it. 

Watling's note : " Natural size. It is an uncommon bird. We 
know nothing of its habits, etc.'' 

No. 149. Black-browed Thrush, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl ii, 
p. 185. 
Turdus melanophrysy Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl, p. xlii 
Manorhina melanophrys^ (Jadow, Cat. B., viii., p. 259. 
This drawing is the type of Latham's description of the Black- 
browed Thrush, Manorhina nielanophrys (Lath.). 

Watling's note : *' The tongue is short and very brushy. 
Native name Dill-ring" 

No. 150. Flycatching Thrush, Lath., Gten. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 185. 
Turdua musticolay Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl, p. zliii. 
Sizura inquieta (Lath.), Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., p. 407. 
This species has been described by Latham four times under 
different names. 

Watling's note : '' One half the natural size. Native name 
Barra Well-WelV 

No. 151. Maxillary Thrush, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 186. 
Turdus maadllariSf Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl, p. xliiL 
Sphecotheres maxillaris (Lath.), Sharpe, Cat. B., iii, p. 224. 
Watling's note : " The natural size of the bird the drawing 
was taken from. December." 



Birds. 137 

Na 152. Sordid Thrash, Latham, Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 186. 
TurduB sordidug, Lath., Lid. Om., Suppl., p. xliii. 
Artamus wrdidus, Sharpe, Gat. B., xiii., p. 19. 
This iigure is the type of Latham's description of the Sordid 
Thrash, Artamus sordidua (Lath.). 

Watling's note : " Natural size. Native name Ooo-1e-bee.^' 
No. 153. Frivolous Thrush, Lath., Qen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 186. 
Turdus frivolusj Lath., Ind. Oni., Suppl., p. zliii. 
PofRatorhtnus temporalis (Vig. and Horsf.), Sharpe, Gat. B., 
viii., p. 418. 
This figure is the type of Latham's description of the 
Friroloiis Thrush. The species should in future bear the name 
d Pomatorhinus frivolus (Lath.). 

Watling says that his figure is of the natural size. 
The white tips to tail feathers are not given in the figure, 
as they were in P. temporalis, but there is no doubt as to the 
species. 

No. 154. Short-winged Thrush, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 187. 
Turdus hraehtfpterus, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xliii. 
Sphenura hrachypteray Sharpe, Gat B., vii., p. 104. 
This drawing is the type on which Latham founded his 
description of the Short-winged Thrush, Sphenura hrachyptera 
(Lath.). 

Watling's note : " Natural size. This is a ground bird with 
very small wings and very short flight." 

No. 155. Variable Warbler, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 250. 

Pipra versieolora, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. Ivi. 

? Chalcoeoecyx plagosus (Lath.), Shelley, Gat. B., xix., p. 297. 

Watling gives the following note : " Almost the natural 

■«. This bird is of very short flight ; its food moths, flies, and 

other insects. The largest interior feathers of the tail are of a 

dark stone colour barred with white." 

No. 156. Bearded Thrush, Lath. [MS.] ; id., Gen. Hist. B., v., 
p. 129 (1822). 
^PiUotis eassidix (Jard.), Gadow, Gat. B., ix., p. 243. 
Watling's note : " Natural size. December." 
No. 157. Grey-headed Thrush, Lath. [MS.] ; id., Gen. Hist. B., 
v., p. 118 (1822). 
= Harmonic Thrush, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 182. 



138 Zoology. 

Turdua harmonicus, Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. xli. 
Colhjriodncla harmonica (Lath.), Sharpe, Cat. B., iii., p. 29( 
Watling's note : " This is a solitary bird. It has a melodion 
note not unlike a Thrush, but it does not warble.'' 
No. 158. Thrush. 
Watling's note : " Natural size." 
No. 159. Thrush. 

Watling's note : " One third of the natural size.' 
No. 160. Thrush. 

Watling's note : " Natural size. Native name Ooo^ang-a-ga, 
No. 161. Thrush. 

Watling's note : " Natural size. A ground bird and of ver 
short flight." 

No. 162. Thrush. 
Watling's note : " Natural size." 

No. 164. Black-lined Grosbeak, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii. 
LoQcia helltty Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. xlvi. 
Zanseginthua hellus, Sharpe, Cat. B., xiii., p. 293. 
This figure is the type of Latham's description of the Blacl 
lined Grosbeak, Zoneeginthus heUus (Lath.). 

Watling's note : " Native name Wee-hong. Natural size, tl 
only one yet seen. May." 

No. 163. Nitid Grosbeak, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. iL, p. 19 
pi. cxxxi. 
Loxia nitida, Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. xlvii. 
Zoneeginthus bellua (Lath.). 
This figure is the type on which Latham based his descriptic 
of the Nitid Grosbeak. It = Zoneeginthus hellua (Lath.). 
Watling's note : " Natural size. June." 
No. 165. White-headed Finch, Female, Lath., Gen. Syi 
Suppl. ii., p. 210. 
Fringilla leucocephaloy Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. xlviii. 
Staganophura guttata (Shaw), Sharpe, Cat. B., xii 
p. 292. 
Watling says : " Two thirds of the natural size." 
No. 166. Temporal Finch, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 21 
Fringilla temporalis. Lath., Ind Om., Suppl., p. xlviii. 
JEgintha temporalis (Lath.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xiii., p. 372 
This figure is the type of Latham's description of the Temper 
Finch, JEgintha temporalis (Lath.). 

Watling says the " Native name is Goo-lung-ag-ga. It is 
very common bird in New South Wales, easily domesticated, an 



Birds. 139 

of a lively disposition even when in a cage, and in a day or two 
it is easily reconciled." 

Latham says : " Several drawings of birds probably allied to 
this have come under our observation. In one of them the bill 
is crimBOQ, a broad streak of the same over the eye, and the rump 
and vent crimson also ; the crown rather full of feathers ; the whole 
of the upper parts of the plumage and tail, beneath greenish white, 
with a slight reddish tinge on the breast ; tail short. In another 
the bill was pale red, the streak over the eye and rump crimson ; 
tail short as in the other ; the plumage above greenish brown 
beneath cinereous white. 

"For these I am indebted to the drawings of General Da vies, 
and in those of Mr. Lambert I have remarked a third, in which 
the upper parts were green, the under greenish white ; bill, streak 
over the eye, and rump crimson ; but differed from the others in 
having the tail much longer." 

All these said to inhabit New South Wales. 

No. 167. Temporal Finch. 

Watling writes : " One third larger than the natural size." 

No. 168. Temporal Finch. 

Watling says that the drawing is " natural size," and gives 
the native name as Beroo-gnan. 

No. 169. Red-bellied Flycatcher. 

Petroeca leggei, Sharpe, Cat. B., Brit. Mus., iv., p. 165. 

Nob. 170 and 171. ? Fetrceca multicolor. 

No. 172. ? Petrceca rosea. 

Nos. 169^ , 173 9 , 1749 . Petrceca leggei. 

No. 175. Southern Flycatcher, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 219. 
Mu9cicapa auatralisy Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. 1. 

Na 176. Rufous-fronted Flycatcher, Lath., Gen. Syn 
SuppL ii., p. 220. 
Mfueicapa rufifrons^ Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. 1. 
Bhipidura rufifrons (Lath.), Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., p. 319. 

This and the following figure are the types of Latham's 
<i€8cription of the Rufous-fronted Flycatcher. 

Watling gives the following note : '* One-half the natural size. 
This bird is of very short flight and found among brush, rotten 
^ood, and long grass." 

Latham says : " Inhabits New South Walesy where it is known 
ty the name of Burril : has hitherto only been met with in 
November." 



140 Zoology. 

No. 177. Rufous-fronted Flycatcher. 

Watling gives the following note : " Natural; size. Native 
name Burril. November." 

No. 179. Crimson-bellied Flycatcher, Lath., Gen. Syn., 
Suppl. ii., p. 221. 
Muscicapa coccinigastra, Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. 1. 
Watling says : " Natural size. The only one of this kind 
yet seen." 

Latham writes : " Inhabits New South Wales : specimens of 
this species are scarce." 

No. 180. Black-cheekedFlycatcher,Lath.,Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 221. 
Muscicapa barhata, Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. Ii. 
Sericomis dtreogularis (Gould), Sharpe, Cat. B., vii., p. 302. 
This figure is the type on which Latham based his description 
of the Black-cheeked Flycatcher {Muscicapa harhata). The species 
will, therefore, in future have to take the name of Sericomis 
barhata (Lath.). 

Watling gives the figure as of natural size and the month 
of July. 

No. 182. Grey Flycatcher, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 223. 
Muscicapa flavigastra, Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. lii. 
Eopsaltria australis (Lath.), Gadow, Cat. B., viii., p. 176. 
Watling gives the figure as : " Natural size." 
No. 183. Rose-breasted Flycatcher, Lath., Gen. Syn., 
Suppl. ii., p. 223. 
Muscicapa rhodogasira, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. lii. 
Petroeca multicolor (Gm.), Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., p. 168. 
This figure is evidently a drawing of the female of P. miiW- 
color, the male being represented on plate No. 170. 

Watling says : " This bird is from Norfolk Island," and gives 
the figure as of " Natural size." 

No. 184. Soft-tailed Flycatcher, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 224, ex Shaw. 
Muscicapa malachura, Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. lii. 
Stipiturus malacrurus (Shaw), Sharpe, Cat. B., vii., p. 100. 
Watling gives the figure as: '* Natural size, and the native 
name JIf ar-re-a-nera." 

No. 185. Soft-taUed Flycatcher, Lath. (Female). 
Watling says : " This the natural size. The bird is of a very 
short flight, seldom exceeding an hundred yards at most. It is 
so feeble and delicate as to be run down with the utmost 



Birds. 141 

Native name Mereangeree. From a resemblance of the feathers 
dtiietail (when in flight seems too heavy for the body) to those 
(^theCasuary in New South Wales, and denominated the Emu, 
or Gasoarj Titmouse." 

No. 186. Soft^tailed Flycatcher, Lath. (Male). 
No. 187. Orange-rumped Flycatcher, Lath., Gen. Syn., 
Suppl. ii., p. 225. 
Jftwocopa melanocephala^ Lath., Lid. Orn., Suppl., p. lii. 
Malurua melanocephalus (Lath.), Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., p. 296. 
This figure, which is the type of Latham's description of the 
Oraoge-romped Flycatcher, is a young male of Malurus melano- 
eepkkt (Lath.). 

Watliog says the figure is the " natural size." 
No. 188. Orange-backed Flycatcher, Lath. MS. 

= Orange-rxunped Flycatcher, Lath., Gen. Syn., 
Suppl. ii., p. 225. 
llus figure represents the adult male of Malurus melano- 
ctpkio^j fig. 187. 

Watling says : '^ Qu. if not the other sex of the Orange- 
romped. See drawing 187. Natural size. Native name (?)." 
No. 189. Scarlet-breasted Flycatcher, Lath. MS. 

Peiroeea phcenicea (Grould), Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., p. 166. 
Watling's note : " Half the natural size. Native name 
Karreet. This domestic little bird frequents fields and gardens, 
as does the Robin in England, and it is called the Robin of New 
Soath Wales and Norfolk Island, where it is still more numerous 
than in New South Wales. This is a male ; the female's breast is 
ol a much paler colour, and the back, head and tail, instead of 
bemg nearly black, is a brown." 

No. 190. Pied Flycatcher, Lath. MS. ; id.. Gen. Hist. B., vi., 
p. 207 (1823). 
= Petrceea bicolar (Vig. and Horsf.), Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., 
p. 173. 
This drawing must have been intended for P. hicohr, though 
it is not a correct figure. 

Watling's note : " Half the natural size.'' 

Na 191. Barred-tailed Flycatcher, Lath. MS. ; id.. Gen. Hist. 

B., vi., p. 221 (1323). 
Watling says : *' The wings are too small for the body. It is 
found in the grass and a bird of short flight. Natural size." 
No. 192, New Holland Lark, Lath. MS. ; id.. Gen. Hist. 
B., vi., p. 307 (1823). 
UnAus australi${yig.And Horsf.), Sharpe, Cat. B.,x.,p. 615. 



142 Zoology. 

Watling says the figure is two thirds the natural size and 
gives the name of New South Wales Lark. 

No. 193. New Holland Lark, Male, Lath. MS. {See No. 192.) 
Anthus auatralia (Vig. and Horsf.), Sharpe, Gat. B., x., 
p. 615. 
Watling gives the following note : " Natural size. It is the 
Lark of New South Wales. Only seen in the winter.'* 
No. 194. New Holland Wagtail, Lath. MS. 

Bhipidura albiscapa (Grould), Sharpe, Gat. B., iv., 
p. 310. 
Watling gives the following note : " Natural size. It has the 
air and actions of a Wagtail." 

No. 196. Streaked Warbler, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 247. 
Sylvia aagittatay Lath., Ind. Cm., Suppl., p. liv. 
Chthonicola sagittata (Lath.), Sharpe, Gat. B., vii., p. 290. 
This figure is the type of Latham's description of the Streaked 
Warbler. 

Watling gives the following note : " Natural size. This bird 
sings remarkably well." 

No. 197. Streaked Warbler, Lath. 

Watling's note is as follows: "Female. Natural size. 
March." 

No. 198. Streaked Warbler, Female, Lath. 
Watling says that his figure is one half the natural size. 
No. 200. Ghaste Warbler, Latham, Gen. Syn., SuppL ii., 
p. 249. 
Sylvia casta, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. Iv. 
Watling says the figure is the natural size. 
No. 201. Whitetailed Warbler, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 249. 
Sylvia leucophsea, Lath., Ind. Cm., Suppl., p. Iv. 
Microcca fascinans (Lath.), Sharpe, Gat. B., iv., p. 123. 
Watling says : " One half the natural size. This little bird 
follows the gardeners and workmen, picking up worms, etc. It 
is very familiar." 

No. 202. Ruddy Warbler, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. iL,p. 249 
Sylvia ruhricata, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. Iv. 
Cacomantis flahelliformia (Lath.), Shelley, Gat. B., xix. 
p. 266. 
No. 203. Ruddy Warbler, Female, Lath., Gen. Syn., 
Suppl. ii., p. 249. 
Sylvia ruhricata, Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. iv. 



Birds. 143 

EcfsaUria australis (Lath.), Gadow, Gat. B., viii., p. 176. 
Wailing gives thefoUowing note : " Native name Thadagnan. 
The almost natnral size. This is a very common domestic bird 
D0t nnlike the Robins in Europe." 

No. 204. Swallow Warbler, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 250. 
Syhia hirundtnacea, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. Iv. 
Diaeum hirundinaceum (Shaw and Nodder), Sharpe, Gat. 
B., X., p. 19. 
No. 205. Swallow Warbler, Lath. 

Watling gives the foUowing note : *' The natural size. This is 
a scMce bird and well resembled, and the only one we have yet 
seen ; the blue feathers on this bird are of a beautiful changeable 
blue." 

No. 206. Grimson-breasted Warbler, Lath., Gen. Syn., 
Suppl. ii., p. 250. 
Sylvia rubricollis, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. Iv. 
Watling gives the following note : " Native name Bood-dang. 
Natural me" 

No. 207. Grimson-breasted Warbler, Lath. 

Watling says : " Natural size." 

No. 208. Bonnet Warbler, Lath. MS. ; mJ., Gen. Hist. B., vii. 

p. 135 (1823). 
Watling says the figure is of the " natural size," and that it 
is "a rare bird." 

No. 209. Giliary Warbler, Lath. MS. ; id.. Gen. Hist. B., vii., 
p. Ill (1823). 
Zoirierops candeacens (Lath.), Sharpe, Gat. B., ix., p. 152. 
Watling gives the following note: "One half the natural 
size. This little bird is the only one of the kind ever seen ; the 
white round the ciliary process of the eye is composed of the 
most beautiful small white feathers. The pride and vanity of 
the draughtsman has induced him to put his name to all the 
drawings, but should you publish them I think the name may be 
left; oat." 

No. 210. Ciliary Warbler, Lath. MS. (See No. 209.) 
Watling's note: "Three fourths of the natural size. The 
insisdoubtfuL" 

No. 211. Speckled Manakin, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 253. 
Pipra punctaUi^ Lath., Lid. Grn., Suppl. p. Ivi. 
Pardahhu pundaiuB (Shaw and Nodder), Sharpe, Gat. B., 
X., p. 58. 



144 Zoology. 

No. 212. New Holland Manakin, M. and L., Suppl. ii., p. 253. 
PardcUotus punctaius (Shaw and Nodder), Sharpe, Gat. B., 
X., p. 58. 
Watling's note : ** Half the natural size. Allied or female to 
Speckled Manakin.'' 

No. 213. Variety of the New Holland Manakin, Lath. MS. 
No. 214. Gserulean Manakin, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. il, 

p. 254. 
Natural size. 
No. 215. Black-eared Manakin, Lath. MS. ; id,, Gten. Hist. 

B., vii., p. 242 (1823). 
Natural size. 

No. 216. Needle-tailed Swallow, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii-, 
p. 259. 
Hirundo caudacuta, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. Ivii. 
Chmtura caudacuta (Lath.), Hartert, Cat. B., xvi., p. 472 
This figure is the type of Latham's description of the Needle 
t;iiled Swallow. 

Watling gives the following note : '^ This bird, about half th9 
natural size, seems to possess, in a great measure, the qualities of 
a Swallow. Its motions are amazing quick, eager of its prey, 
which it seizes with the rapidity of lightning. Its favourite 
food is a large locust, which at this season is plentiful. It is 
strongly pounced (as a bird of prey), and has a broad flat bill— 
the tail quills armed with spikes as sharp as a needle." 

No. 217. New Holland Swallow, Lath., Gen. Syn., SuppL ii 
p. 259. 
Hirundo padfica^ Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. Iviii. 
JtftcropfM jpoct^ctw (Lath.), Hartert, Gat. B., xvi., p. 448. 
This figure is the type of Latham's description of the New 
Holland Swallow. 

Watling says : '^ This the supposed female of No. 1." 
No. 218. New Holland €k)at8ucker, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. 
ii., p. 261. 
^gotheUs nova hollandia (Lath.), Hartert, Cat. B., zvi., 
p. 651. 
No. 219. Banded Goatsucker, Lath., Gen. Syn., SuppL iL, 
p. 262. 
Oaprimulgus pittatus, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. Iriii., 

pi. 136. 
Mgotheles novm hoUandim (Lath.), Hartert, Cat. B., xvi., 
p. 651. 



•Birds. 145 

Watling says : '' Two thirds the natural size. Musquito Hawk* 
July." 

No. 220. Strigoid Goatsucker, Lath., Q^n. Syn., SuppL ii., 

p. 262. 

CaprimulguB atrigaides, Lath., Ind. Om., SuppL iL, p. Iviii. 

PodarffU8 strigoidea (Lath.), Hartert, Gat. B., xvi., p. 63L 

This drawing is the type of Latham's description of the- 

Strigoid Goatsucker. 

Watling says the " native name is Birreagalf** and the figurer 
is "one half the natural size. July." 

No. 221. Great-headed Goatsucker, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. 
il, p. 263. 
Caprimulgus megaeephalus^ Lath., Ind. Cm., SuppL, p. Iviii. 
Podargm strigoides (Lath.), Hartert, Cat. B., xvi., p. 631. 
No, 222. Gracile Goatsucker, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 263. 
Caprimulgus gracilis^ Lath., Ind. Om., SuppL, p. Iviii. 
Podargus atrigoides (Lath.), Hartert, Cat. B., xvi., p. 631. 
Watling says the " native name is Poihbook. Half the natural 
lize. An excellent likeness." 

No. 223. Bristled Goatsucker, Lath. MS.; id., Gen. Hist. 
B., vii., p. 342 (1823). 
MgoiheUs novse hoUandise (Lath.), Hartert, Cat. B., xvi., 
p. 651. 
Watling says : " Natural size, the same as the bird the drawing 
▼as taken from. March." 

No. 225. White-faced Pigeon, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 268. 
Cdumba melatwleuca, Lath., Ind. Om., SuppL, p. lix. 
Leucosareia ptcata (Lath.), Salvad., Cat. B., xxL, p. 607. 
Watling says : '' One-half the natural size. Native name 
OiHilgcmg, Dec., 1792." 
No. 226. Pale Pigeon, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii, p. 270. 
Cdumha paUida, Lath., Ind. Orn., SuppL, p. Ix. 
Lophohemus aniarcticua (Shaw), Salvad., Cat. B., xxi., p. 235. 
Cf. Hartert, Nov. ZooL, xiL, p. 217 (1905). 
Although this figure is very incorrect, I am inclined to think 
^t it is intended for Lopholsemus antarcticua, 

Watling says : " About one fourth the natural size. New 
Sonth Wales." 

No. 227. New Holland Quail, Lath., Gen. Syn., SuppL ii., p. 283. 
Perdix auatralis, Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl.^ p. Ixii. 

▼OL II. L 



146 Zoology^ 

Syncecus australis (Lath.), Grant, Cat. B., xxii., p. 247. 
This drawing is the type on which Latham founded his 
description of the New Holland Quail. 

Watling gives the following note : " Natural size. July. It 
flies like a Quail, and in its habits much resembles that bird." 
No. 228. New Holland Jabiru, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. iL, 
pp. ^94 and 295, pL cxxxviiL 
Mycierta auatralis, Lath. Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. Ixiv. 
Xenorhynchua asiaticus (Lath.), Sharpe, Gat. B., xzvi., 
p. 310. 
Watling says : " In height 5 • 7^." 
No. 230. New Holland Crane. 

Antigone australasiana (Gould), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiii., 
p. 265. 
No. 231. Caledonian Night-Heron, Lath., Gen. Syn., iii., 
pt. i., p. 55 [male]. 
Nyctioorax ca^dontcu^ (Gm.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxYi.,p. 158. 
No. 232. Caledonian Night-Heron [female]. 
No. 234. The Bittern, a variety. 

Botaurus pceciloptilus (Wagl.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxvi., 
p. 258. 
No. 235. White-bellied Heron, Latham MS. ; li. Gen. Hist. 
^ B., ix., p. 101 (1824). 

Ardetta pusiUa (Vieill.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxvi., p. 234. 
This figure no doubt is intended to represent the young of 
Ardetta pusiUa, 

Watling says : " This bird frequents marshes. It is a rare 
bird." 

No. 236. Little Bittern, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 301. 
Ardetta pusilla (Vieill,), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxvi., p. 234. 
Latham appears to have noticed that the Australian bird 
was diflerent from the European, as he writes on this drawing as 
follows : "A variety of Little Bittern if not new. See drawing 
above. No. 237." 

Watling gives the follow^iiig note: "Half the natural size. 
Native name Oo-ning-nah" 

No. 237. Little Bittern, variety. Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 301. 
Ardetta pwilla (Vieill.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxvi., p. 234. 
Watling gives the following note : " December. Half the 
natural size of the bird the drawing was taken from ; the neck is 



Birds. 147 

longer, but this is his general attitude. Native name Duralia ; 
foand in marshes or moist ground. 

No. 238. Pacific Heron, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 305. 
Ardea pacifica. Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. Ixv. 
Noiophoyx pacifiea (Lath.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxvi., 
p. 111. 
This figure is the type of Latham's description of the Pacific 
Heron, Notophoyx pacifiea (Lath.). 

No. 239. Common Curlew, variety, Lath., Gen. Syn., iii., 
pt. i., p. 120. 
^tmeniuB cyanopus (VieilL), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., p. 350. 
Wailing gives the following note : *' Near the natural size of 
the English Curlew ; the native name Oaarlarr-re-hingJ* 
No. 240. New Holland Curlew, Latham MS. 

Umosa navse zealandise (Gray), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., 
p. 377. 
Watling says : ^* One fifth the natural size." 
No. 241. New Holland Snype, Lath., Gen. Sen., Suppl. ii., 
p. 310. 
Scohpax australis, Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. Ixv. 
Gallinago australis (Lath.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., p. 652. 
Watling says : " Half the natural size." 
No. 242. Wattled Sandpiper, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 313. 
Tringa lobata, Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. Ixv. 
Lobivanellus lobatus (Lath.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., p. 139. 
Watling gives the following note: "Three quarters of the 
nataral size. It is a rare bird, sometimes, though seldom, to be 
met with on the flats going to Parramatta. Native name 



No. 243. Wattled Sandpiper, Lath. {See No. 242.) 
Watling gives the native name as *' Ban-ne-re-ra" 
No. 244. Brown-eared Sandpiper, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii. 
p. 314. 
Tringa aurita, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. Ixvi. 
Heteropygia acuminata (Horsf.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., 
p. 566. 
Watling gives the following note : " Two thirds of the natural 
^ This bird frequents the sea shore and moist places, but are 
by no means numerous." 

No. 245. Grisled Plover, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 320. 
Ckaradrius griseus^ Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. Ixvii. 

L 2 



148 Zoology. 

CharadriuM dominieus (P. L. S. Mfill.), Sharpe, Cat. B., 
xxiv., p. 195. 
Watling says : ** One half its natural size. It was shot oo 
the sea-shore." 

No. 246. High-legged Plover, Lath., Gen. Syn., SuppL ii, 
p. 319. 
Charadriu8 graUaritis, Lath., Ind. Om., Suppl., p. IxvL 
Burhinus grallarius (Lath.), Sharpe, Cat. £., xxiv., p. 18. 
Watling says : ** This bird measured thirty inches." 
No. 247. Sanderling, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. iL, p. 315. 

Calidris arenaria (Linn.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., p. 526. 
Watling says: '<A kind of Sand or Shore Lark, not very 
numerous. Native name WaddergaV* 
No. 249. Crescent Plover, Lath. MS. 

Erythrogonya cinctu8 (Gould), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., 
p. 125. 
Watling gives the following note : " Half the natural siae ; the 
only one of the kind ever seen at Port Jackson." 

No. 250. Crescent Plover, Lath. MS. [See no. 249.] 

Erythrogonys C4«o^m« (Gould), Sharpe, Cat.B.,xxxiv.,p. 125. 
No. 251. Great-billed Plover, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii.,p. 319. 
Charadi'iua magniroatriaj Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. Ixvi 
Burhinus grallarius (Lath.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., p. 18. 
Watling gives the native name as Woal-Woo-a, 
No. 252. Bridled Plover, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 320. 
Charadrius frsenaius, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. Ixvii. 
Burhinus grallarius (Lath.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., p. 18. 
Watling says : " One third of the natural size." 
No. 253. Brown Plover, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. iL, p. 320. 
? lAmonites ruficolUs (Pall.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., p. -545. 
Watling gives the following note : " One fifth the natural 
size. This is a water bird, though put on a perch." 
No. 254. New Holland Oyster-catcher, Lath. MS. 

Hsematopus longirostris (Vieill.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., 
p. 112. 
Watling says : *' Seldom seen in more than pairs. It is a very 
solitary bird. Native name Booming." 

No. 255. New Holland Oyster-catcher (variety of the Pied 
Oyster-catcher), Lath. MS.; id,. Gen. Hist. B., ix- 
p. 359 (1824). 
Hsematopus longirostris (Vieill.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv. 
p. 112. 



Birds. 149 

This figure is taken from a young bird. 

Wailing gives the following note : '* This is a recluse and 
solitary bird, being never found in more than pairs. It has but 
one simple plaintive tone which it never varies. The drawing is 
about one fourth the natural size. This appears a variety of the 
Red Bill, which is the common name it goes by here, or it is a 
jouDg one, full plumage, for most others have had the legs as red 
as the bill. It frequents the sea shores and lives on spawn and 
joong fish, both shell and others, which gives the flesh a fat, of 
which it has a great share. It is a strong fish of an oily flavour ; 
both the flesh and fat are very high coloured, particularly the 
latter, which is mostly red and very abundant, as before noticed. 
It is naked or bare of feathers one third up the thigh, its toes are 
more fleshy and thick than sea-birds' in general, and are a little 
way connected by a web or membrane in so much that they may 
be called palmated. Native name Boo-aning or Bao-ming" 

No. 256. Blue-necked Rail, variety. Lath. MS.; tU, Gen. 
Hist. B., ix.. p. 377 (1824). 
Porzana palustris (Gould), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiii., p. 109. 

Watling gives the following note : *^ The natural size. The 
spar or hook near the pinion cannot in common be seen, but in 
the drawing it is separated from the feathers where they can 
conceal it." 

No. 257. Dark Rail, Lath. MS.; id., Gen. Hist. B., ix., p. 378 
(1824). 
Tabuan Rail, Lath., Gen. Syn., iii., part i., p. 235. 
Porzana tahuensU (Gm.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiii., p. 111. 

Although Latham had himself described the " Tabuan Rail," 
he apparently did not recognise this figure, which is evidently 
inttnded to represent the same species. 

Watling says: "A bird of Norfolk Island. Natural size. 
December." 

No. 258. White Gallinule, complete. Lath., (Jen. Syn., 
Suppl. ii., p. 327. 
Notomis alba (White), Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiii., p. 208. 

Watling's note is as follows : ** One third its natural size. 
This bird is of Howe Island, and when young was entirely black, 
frwn that to bluish-grey, and from that to an entire white. This 
M feeds itself with its feet like a Parrot." 

No. 259. Three changes of the White Gallinule. 

Watling's note is as follows : " Three stages of this bird taken 
^ Lord Howe's Island before it arrives at maturity." 



150 Zoology. 

No. 260. Black-jointed GaUinule, Lath. MS. ; id. Gen. Hist. 
B., ix., p. 427 (1824). 
Parphyrio melanonotua (Temm.), Sharpe, Cat. £., xxiii., 
p. 205. 
Watling gives the following note : " Native name 6foo4a- 
war-ring. Reduced by scale to half the size of the bird the 
drawing from. A.ugiist. A rare bird ; frequents swamps." 
No. 261. Black-jointed Gallinule, Lath. MS. 
Watling says : " One third the natural size. November." 
No. 263. New Holland Grebe, Lath. [MS.], Gen. Hist., x., 
p. 33. 
Podicipes novm hollandiw (Stephens, ex Lath.), Grant, 
Cat. B., xxvi., p. 519. 
On this figure Latham founded his description of the New 
Holland Grebe {Podicipes novm hoUandiw), Stephens gave the 
Latin title, from Latham's description. 

Watling says : " One fifth of the natural size. Native name 
Mag-a-ger" 

No. 265. American Avocet, Lath., Gen. Syn., iii., part i., 
p. 295 (part). 
Becurvirostra novm hollandim (Vieill.), Sharpe, Cat. B., 
xxiv., p. 333. 
Watling says : " 22 inches from the extremities. This bird 
is found along the shores of the sea coast." 
No. 266. American Avocet, Lath. 
Watling says : " Native name Antiqwiiich.^^ 
No. 267. American Avocet, Lath. 

Watling's note : '* The natural size. This is a rare bird ; only 
been seen on some lagoons. A species of the Avocetta." 
No. 269. White Albatross, Lath, 

Watling says : " The bird this drawing was taken from was 
caught some distance from the entrance to Port Jackson 
at sea." 

No. 270. Crested Tern, Lath. 

Watling's note : " One fifth of its natural size. The female." 
No. 270. Caspian Tern, var. B, Lath., Gen, Syn., iii, pt. ii, 
p. 351 (1785). 
Crested Tern, Lath., Gen. Hist., B., x., p. 101. 
Sterna criatata, Stephens, Gen. Zool., Aves, ziii., pt. i., 

p. 146 (1826). 
Sterna hergii (Licht.), Saunders, Cat. B., xxv., p. 89. 
This drawing is the type of Latham's description of the 



Birds. 151 

Crested Tern, which, according to Mr. Howard Saunders, is 
sponjmoiis with S, hergxi^ Licht. 

Wailing says : " One fifth of its natural size. A female." 

No. 271. Caspian Tern, variety B, Lath. 

flfeffia hergii (Licht.), Saunders, Cat. B., xxv., p. 89. 

Watling says : *' One fifth of its natural size. A male. It 
Utcs on small fish. Native name Ger-ra-ger-ra" 

No. 272, Caspian Tern, Lath. 

Watling says : " Half the natural size of the bird which this 
drawing was taken from." 

No. 273. Greater Tern, Lath. 

Watling says : '< Half the natural size, and seldom see but 
one in the hottest summer weather." 

No. 274. New Holland Tern, Lath. [MS.], Gen. Hist. B., x., 
p. 103. 

Sterna hergii (Licht.), Saunders, Cat. B., xxv., p. 89. 

This figure is the type of Latham's description of the New 
HoUand Tern and Sterna novm hollandisBy Stephens, which = 
8. herffii according to Mr. Howard Saunders. 

Watling's note: ''This almost half the natural size, and a 
pretty good resemblance, with this exception — only the bill not 
just 80 much bent." 

No. 275. Pacific GuU, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 332. 
Larus pacijicui, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. Ixviii. 
Gabianus pacijicus (Lath.), Saunders, Cat. B., xxv., p. 297, 

This figure is the type of Latham's description of the Pacific 
Onll, Gahianus pacificus (Lath.). 

Watling says : " Native name Troo^ad^ill" 

No. 276. Pacific GuU, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 332. 

Watling says : " Half the natural size. A large grey Gull." 

No. 277. New Holland Crimson-billed Gull, Lath. [MS.], 
Gen. Hist., B., x., p. 145. 
Larus novse hollandise (Stephens), Saunders, Cat. B., Brit. 
Mus., xxv., p. 235. 

This figure is the type of Latham's description of the New 
Holland Crimson-billed Gull, on which Stephens founded the 
name of Larus novee hollandidB, 

Watling says : " Reduced by scale to half the size of the bird 
which the drawing was taken from." 

No. 278. New Holland Crimson-billed Gull, Lath. MS. 

Watling says : " One-sixth of the natural size." 

No. 279. New Holland Crimson-billed GuU, Lath. MS. 



152 Zoology. 

Watling says : " Natural size. April. Native name ZWnci 
rang. Not a very common bird in New South Wales." 

No. 280. Norfolk Island Petrel, Lath., Gen. Sya., Suppl. ii« 
p. 334. 
Pujffinus cMororhynchus (Less.), Salvin, Cat. B., xzv. 
p. 372. 
This figure is, in my opinion, intended to represent Pii^fitiJ 
ehlorarhynchus, Less., to which it bears a very strong resemblance. 
If I am correct in this supposition, the *' Norfolk Island Petrel " 
of Latham cannot be referred to the (Estrelaia negleda (Schl.) 
as has been suggested in the Catalogue of Birds (xxv., p. 412). 

Watling writes : '* Norfolk Island Petrel or the Mutton bird, 
in full feather." 

No. 281. Norfolk Island or Fuliginous Petrel, Lath., Gen. 

Syn., Suppl. ii., p. 334. 
This is the figure of a young bird of the same species as 
No. 280. 

Watling says : " Norfolk Island Petrel or Mutton bird, in 
second or middle state." 

No. 282. Fuliginous Petrel, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., 
p. 334. 
Pujfinus ienutraatrts (Temm.), Salvin, Cat. B., xxv., p. 388. 
This figure, which in general appearance is darker than Nob. 
280 and 281, with dark bill and feet, I am inclined to think is 
intended for Puffinus ienuirosiria (Temm.). 
Watling says : " A Norfolk Island bird." 
Na 283. Black Swan, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. iL, p. 343. 
Anas airata. Lath., Ind. Orn., ii., p. 834. 
Chenopsis atrata (Lath.), Salvad., Cat. B., xxvii., p. 4L 
Watling says : <' The Black Swan, the size of an English 
swan. Native name Ifytyo." 

No. 284. Black and White Goose, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. 
ii., p. 344. 
Anas melanoleuca, Lath., Gen. Syn., Suppl. ii., p. Ixix. 
Anseranus semipalmata (Lath.), Salvad., Cat. B., xxviL, 
p. 44. 
Watling says: ''This bird is about the size of a goose. 
Native name Bur-ra-j/en-ne.*' 

No. 285. Hawksbury Duck, Lath., Gen. Syn., SuppL iL, 
p. 358. 
Anasjmbata, Lath.« Ind. Om.. Suppl., p. Ixix. 
Ckenoneiia jnbata (Lath.). Sal\-ad., Cat. B., xxviL, p. 140. 



Birds. 153 

Watling says : " This species of Duck is found at Hawksbur j ; 
sometimes perching." 
Xo. 286. Hawksbury Duck, Lath. 

Watling writes: "Half the natural size. This is the only 

Duck of this kind ever seen. May." 

No. 288. Semipalmated Duck, Lath., G«n. Syn., Suppl. ii., 

p. 347, pi. cxxxix. 

Anas temipalmata, Lath., Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. bdx. 

Anseranus semipalmaia (Lath.), Salvad., Gat. B., xzvii., 

p. 44. 

Watling says : " This bird is about the size of our native 

Wild Goose. They are generally found in flocks and sometimes 

perching upon high trees. It has been observed by the man 

vho sometimes shoots these birds that, in opening some of them, 

but not all, the wind-pipe formed several beautiful circum- 

Tolntions on the breast under the skin before it entered the 

thorn. An officer lately has opened one and confirms the truth 

of the sportsman's observations. It is called by us the New 

Sooth Wales €k)ose, Palmated, instead of being web-footed, 

because its manner as well as taste and flavour resembles that 

bird more than any other. The contour or general likeness is 

bere rery well observed. I have been informed that at times 

their note is tuneful and melodious, which appears probable from 

tbe conformation of the wind-pipe, if that singular circumstance 

is true. I have now a man out attending a pond where they 

most frequent, in hopes of getting one for dissection. They have 

only lately been observed and shot, principally on a pond near 

the Hawksburgh River. January 2nd, 1794. Native name 

KwHil-gang" 

No. 291. New Holland Penguin, Lath. [MS.], Gen. Hist., B., 
X., p. 388. 
Spheniscus navse hollandim, Stephens, in Shaw's Gen. Zool., 

xiii., pt. i., p. 68. 
Eudyptila minor (Forster), Grant, Cat. B., xxvi., p. 646. 
This drawing is the type of Latham's description of the New 
Holland Penguin, on which Stephens founded the name Spheniscus 
w» loUandim, Both of these names will now become synonyms 
rf Eudyptila minor (Forster). Mr. Ogilvie-Grant, when writing 
^ *' Catalogue of Birds," was unable to identify the New 
Holland Penguin from Latham's description. (Cf. Cat. B., xxvi., 
p. 625, note.) Watling says : " Native name Gur-roo-muL One- 
^th of the natural size ; the only one yet seen in Port Jackson." 



154 Zoology. 

No. 292. New Holland Pelecan, Lath., Gen. Hist., B., x., 
p. 402. 
[White Pelecan, variety. Lath., G«n. Syn., iii., part 3, 

p. 575.] 
Pelecanus australis, Stephens, Gen. Zoo!., xiii., pt. i., 

p. 113. 
Pelecanus conspicillatus (Temm.), Grant, Cat. B., xzvi., 
p. 483. 
Although reference is given on the plate to Latham's Gen. 
Syn., iii., p. 575, Latham must have noticed that it was a new 
species, as he gives a description in his "Greneral History ot 
Birds," and quotes the native name, which is on the plate. 
Watling says : " Native name Karr-ang-a^Hi,^^ 

No. 293. [Lesser Gannet, variety. Lath., Gen. Syn., iii., 
part 2, p. 611.] 
Lesser Gannet, Lath., Gen. Hist., B., x., p. 437. 
Sula Candida, Stephens, Gen. Zool., xiii., pt. i., p. 103 

(1826). 
Sula aerrator, Gray, "Erebus and Terror," Birds, p. 19 
(1845) ; Grant, Cat. B., xxvi., p. 428. 
Watling says : " One-fourth the size of nature. Native name 
Doo-ro^ang" 

Latham in his "General History of Birds," x., p. 438, writes: 
" The Lesser Gannet is also found in New Holland, and called 
by the natives Doo-ro-dang" 

No. 294. [Young Tropic-bird.] 

New Holland Tropic Bird, Lath., Gen. Hist., B., x., 

p. 448. 
Phaeton melanorhynchosy Stephens, Gen. Zool., xii., pt. i., 

p. 127. 
Phaeton ruhricauda (Bodd.), Grant, Cat. B., xxvi., p. 451. 
Watling says : " From the extremity of the bill to the tail is 
eighteen inches." 

No. 295. Red- tailed Tropic-bird, Lath., Gen. Syn., iii., part 2, 
p. 614, pi. cv. 
Phaeton ruhricauda (Bodd.), Grant, Cat. B., xxvi., p. 451. 
Watling says : " This bird is from the tip of the bill to the 
rump eighteen inches, and from the rump to the end of the tail- 
feathers eighteen inches." 



Birds. 155 

After the date of Latham's << Synopsis/' the Trustees began 
to issue descriptive guides to the collections under their 
charge. 

A "Synopsis of the Contents of the British Museum" was 
pablished as a sort of guide-book to the collections; it was 
printed by Cox and Baylis, of 75, Great Queen Street, but 
appears to have been an official publication of the Trustees. 
Many editions were issued, of which the one printed in 1808 
is the earliest which we possess in the Greneral Library of the 
Natural History Museum. 

This Httle '* Synopsis " tells how Sir Hans Sloane's Museum 
ind Library (which, he says in his will, had cost him £50,000) 
were offered, at his death in 1753, to the British Government, 
who had the first refusal of the collections, for £20,000. An 
Act of Parliament was passed in that year sanctioning the 
purchase, and vesting the property of the Museum in Trustees, 
for the use of the public. A table of contents of the Sloane 
Museum, given in this little work, is intended to afford some 
idea of the extent of the purchase, but the exact numbers 
are not absolutely guaranteed. There were, however, stated to 
be 50,000 volumes of books, MSS., and prints, and 23,000 coins 
and medals; the ''Quadrupeds and their parts," 8186; the 
"Birds and their parts, eggs and nests," 1172, etc. 

In addition to the Cottonian Library, and other purchases 
and bequests, the Harleian Manuscripts were also bought, the 
Trustees assuming the management of these priceless treasures of 
the nation, and the title of the British Museum was bestowed 
upon the National Collection, while a Lottery was authorised by 
Parhament, in order to raise the funds for their recent purchases, 
to secure a home for the collections, and to provide for the 
pennanent support of the establishment. £95,194 8«. 9(2. was 
the sum brought in by the Lottery. 

The history of the Museum, as given in the " Synopsis," is 
continued : — 

"The first act of these Trustees was to provide a proper 
hoflding for the reception of the ample collections confided to 
their care ; and after various proposals, they at length fixed upon 
the noble mansion, built about the year 1680 by Ralph, first 
I^oke of Montague, who, being at that time Ambassador at 
Paris, sent over French artists for erecting and adorning the 
<^ce he had in contemplation. This palace, together with its 



156 Zoology. 

gardens and appurtenances, occupying in the whole an area of 
seven acres and twenty perches of land, was ceded by the 
representatives of the Montague family for the moderate sum of 
£10,000." 

** The necessary repairs (which, the house liaving stood long 
empty, proved very expensive) were immediately proceeded 
upon ; and the proper book-cases and cabinets having been 
completed, and the collections rempved thither and properly 
distributed and arranged, the Museum was at length opened for 
study and public inspection, on the 15th of January, 1759. 
Besides the £20,000 paid for the Sloanean, and the £10,000 for 
the Harleian Collections, and £10,000 for Montague House, the 
sum of £28,663 158. was laid out in the purchase of £30,000 
Three per cent. Reduced Annuities, and appropriated to the 
maintenance of the establishment ; and the remaining 
£26,531 Zs. '2d. raised by the Lottery scarcely sufficed to defray 
the expenses of repairs, cases, furniture, removing the collections, 
and various other incidental charges." 

From such small beginnings did the great Zoological Depart- 
ment develop into its present position. 

A history of Montague House is to be found in Timbs' 
" Romance of London." The original house was burnt down in 
January 1686. The second house was variously described as a 
'* mansion " and as a " palace." It must have been splendidly 
built to have borne the weight of some of the exhibits, such as 
fossils, meteorites, etc., on the upi>er flooi*s. The "Synopsis" of 
1808 gives us some idea of the building, which was surrounded 
by gardens and a high wall ; and a picture, with plans of the 
various rooms, is to be found in Edwards' " Lives of the Founders 
of the British Museum," 8vo, 1870. When the present British 
Museum replaced Old Montague House, in 1845, the gardens 
were done away with and the outer wall abolished, being 
replaced by the iron railings and the smooth lawns of the 
present day. 

In the old days the procedure of those visiting the Museum 
was as follows : — 

^* On entering the gate of the Museum a spacious quadrangle 
presents itself, with an Ionic colonnade on the south side, and the 
main building on the north [it measured 216 feet in length and 
57 in height to the top of the cornice] ; the two wings being 
allotted for the dwellings of the officers. The architect, Peter 



Birds. 157 

Poget, a native of Marseilles, and an artist of the first eminence 
in his time, was sent over from Paris by Ralph, first Duke of 
MonUgae, for the sole purpose of constructing this splendid 



The ground-floor consisted of twelve rooms, and was devoted 
to the Library of Printed Books, to which " strangers were not 
admitted, as the mere sight of the outside of books cannot 
ooQTey either instruction or amusement." 

"The companies, on being admitted, according to the 
regolations," says the " Synopsis " of the year 1808, " are 
immediately conducted up the gpreat staircase, the decorations of 
vhich have been lately restored. The paintings on the ceiling, 
repreaenting Phaeton petitioning Apollo for leave to drive his 
chariot, are by Charles de la Fosse, who in his time was deemed 
one of the best colourists of the French school, and of whom 
there are many valuable performances in France, amongst which 
are the paintings on the cupola of the dome of the Invalides, 
vhich are ranked among the admiranda of Paris. The land- 
10^ and architectural decorations are by James Rousseau, 
whose particular skill in perspective has at all times been held 
in high estimation." 

** From the great staircase strangers are conducted into the 
first room of the upper storey, containing a miscellaneous collec- 
tioQ of modem works of art, from all parts of the world. The 
ceiling of this room, representing the Fall of Phaeton, is painted 
I7 La Fosse." 

On this upper floor were twelve rooms (see " Synopsis," p. 4). 

Boom J. was devoted to modern works of art. Boom II, was 

"empty" in the year 1808, its contents having been removed 

into other apartments upon the transfer of the collections of 

Antiquities into the neto building. 

Booms III., IV., v., VI, and VII. were occupied by the 
collections of Manuscripts. 

The Saloon seems to have been unutilized for exhibition-cases 
at that time, but it must have been a fine room. We read in the 
same "Synopsis" (p. 15) : — "The dome of this grand apartment 
was painted by the above-mentioned La Fosse. It has generally 
been described as representing the Apotheosis of Iris ; Walpole, 
in his "Anecdotes of Painting," deviates still further from 
the truth by naming the subject the Apotheosis of Isis ; but 
the most probable conjecture is that the painter meant it to 
exhibit the birth of Minerva, that goddess fully attired being the 



158 Zoology. 

most prominent figure. Jupiter is immediately above her ; and 
about him are three female figures with stars over their heada, 
administering to him, one of them pouring nectar, or some 
healing ointment, upon his head. On one side of Minerva ia 
Vulcan, and close to him Cupid with an axe in his hand ; on the 
other side is Mercury, seemingly starting to announce the happy 
tidings on earth. The other heathen divinities surround this 
group in admiration of the event ; and in a lower compartment 
opposite the chimney are the Vices expelled from heaven on the 
manifestation of Wisdom. In the six medallions near the 
corners of the room are figured some of the principal achieve- 
ments of Minerva. In the first, over the door of the MS. 
DepaHment, she is assisting Perseus in cutting off the head of 
Medusa ; in the second she, with some of the Muses, presides 
over harmony; in No. 3 she kills a Uon (an emblem of her 
valour) ; in No. 4 she assists Jupiter in fighting the Titans ; in 
No. 5 she contends with Neptune about the naming of Athens ; 
and in No. 6 is figured the fable of Arachne metamorphosed by 
her into a spider. Between these mededlions are groups of 
winged boys, emblematically alluding to their several employ- 
ments, to arts, sciences, commerce, and war. 

**The landscapes and architectural decorations are by the 
same J. Housseau who painted in the staircase ; and the garlands 
of flowers are by John Baptist Monoyer, the most eminent flower 
painter of his time." 

Over the chimney is a full-length portrait of King George II. 
by Shackleton, and in the middle stands a table, composed of a 
variety of lavas from Mount Vesuvius, presented by the Earl of 
Exeter. 

Boom VIIL contained the Mineral collections, Boom IX. the 
Petrifactions and Shells, Boom X. Vegetable productions and 
Zoophytes, with Insects, Shells, etc., many being spirit specimens. 
The Birds were to be found in Boom XI., disposed, so far as 
convenience would admit, according to the Linnipan mode of 
arrangement, viz., into six great divisions or orders, the separa- 
tions of which were marked by white lines between each. Some 
birds, however, on account of the large size of the cases in which 
they were contained, could not conveniently be stationed in their 
proper orders, and were therefore disposed on the upper part of 
the general divisions. 

The Birds were classified under the headings of AcdpitreSf 
Picae, AnsereSf Grallxj Qallinm, and Passeres. Those selected 



Birds. 159 

for particular notice were a young Adjutant, which was 

described as " a young Hazgil, or Giant Crane, from India, which, 

wboi full grown, is by far the largest of all the Heron tribe " ; 

okher birds were the " Argus Pheasant, from Sumatra, the Black 

or Crested Curasso-bird, the Shining African Thrush, the Long- 

dhafted Croatsucker from Sierra Leone, etc." 

" Some birds, on account of their inconvenient size, could not 
lie admitted into the general assortment. Of these the most 
lemarkable is the Cassowary, an Indian bird which some ornitho- 
kigists place among the Orallmy others among the OaUina, and 
others in a particular division distinct from both." 

The following interesting account of the painting of the Dodo 
fellows on p. 47 : — " We must not omit a curious picture, executed 
loDg ago in Holland, of that extremely rare and curious bird the 
Dodo^ belonging to the tribe OallinsBj and a native of the island 
of fioarbon. The picture was taken from a living specimen, 
brought into Holland, soon after the discovery of the passage to 
the East Indies by the Cape of Grood Hope, by the Portuguese. 
It was once the property of Sir Hans Sloane, and afterwards of 
the celebrated ornithologist George Edwards, who presented it to 
the British Museum." It is undated, but is probably one of 
wveral painted by Roelandt Savery between 1626 and 1678. 
(QT. Newton, Diet. B., pp. 157, 158.) 

There were two table-cases in this Room XI., one containing 
oestB, *' amongst the most curious of which are several hanging- 
QflftB, chiefly formed by birds of the Oriole tribe ; nests of a 
nuJl species of Asiatic Swallow, resembling isinglass in substance, 
and considered as a great delicacy by the Chinese, who use it in 
preparing a rich soup called bird-nest soup ; two nests of a small 
bird called the Taylor-bird, composed of leaves sewed together ; 
hills of various rare birds, of which the most remarkable are 
aereral kinds of Rhinoceros-birds' bills, quills, feathers of the great 
Sooth American vulture called the Condor, a leg of a Dodo, in a 
glaaa." ((7/. Newton, /.c.) 

On the second table were deposited a variety of eggs and 
nests, among them those of the Ostrich, Cassowary, Crocodile, etc. 
Mammals were in ''cases between the windows," the Black 
Onrang Outang in a young state, the Chestnut Ourang Outang, 
in a young state, a long-tailed Macauco, etc. '* In other parts of 
the room were to be found the 'Sea Otter, the Musk, from 
Thibet,' the 'Vampyre, or Great South American Bat,' the 
^PhUfpus atuUinus^ or Duck-bill ' (by some called Omithorhynchus 



160 Zoology. 

paradoxus), from New Holland, the most singular of all quad- 
rupeds, a large Antelope, etc." 

^oom XIL was the spirit-room of the time, with "Fishes, 
Serpents, Lizards, Frogs, etc., as well as many specimens of Quad- 
rupeds, preserved in spirits." 

The edition of the '* Synopsis" published in 1813 follows the 
plan of the earlier 1808 edition, and the arrangement seems to 
have differed but very slightly during the five years which had 
elapsed. The Ground Floor was still given up to the Printed 
Books, and on the Upper Floor Room II. was " appropriated to 
the use of readers," as well as Rooms III. and IV., which con- 
tained Manuscripts, as did Rooms V., VI. and VII. The Saloon 
still remained unoccupied, but was to receive the Mineral collec- 
tions ; and the contents of Rooms VIII., IX., X., XI., were the 
same as in 1808, with nothing particular added to the collection 
of Birds. 

Two years later (ed. 1815) only the second Room on the 
Upper Flopr was assigned for the use of readers, but the Greville 
Collection and the rest of the minerals had now been transferred 
to the great Saloon. Room IX. still held the collection of Shells, 
but the Birds were now housed in Room X., and the account 
of the cases was given more fully than before. Thus we read 
(p. ^9) : — '* The Birds are arranged after the system of Linneus. 
The most interesting part of the collection of Birds, serving to 
exhibit the general arrangement of the animals of that class, are 
contauied in cases round the room." 

Nos. 1—4. "Accipitres, rapacious birds or birds of prey," 
amongst them being '*a singular variety of the Pondicherry 
Eagle," etc., and the Calif ornian Vulture. This was the type of 
Vultur califomianus of Shaw, who was Keeper of the Zoological 
Department at the time. This specimen is extant in the 
Museum to-day. 

Nos. 5 and 6. The u^er shelf contained the Homed Owls, etc. ; 
second shelf: the Spotted Shrike, the Black and Yellow Shrike, 
with other birds of that genus ; third shelf: Thrushes and Orioles, 
amongst which the Yellow-crowned Thrush, the Spendent [i.a 
Splendent] Thrush and the Black-crested Oriole are the moat 
remarkable. The lower shelf: the Cape Coly, Nutcracker Crow, 
Cornish Chough, etc. 

No. 7. Upper shelf: The Sanguineous Paradise Bird, Abys- 
sinian Hornbill ; second shelf: various species of Grosbeaks and 
Sparrows; third shelf: Warblers, Flycatchers, and Larks; fourik 



Birds. 161 

Mf: Swallows and Goatsuckers, amongst which that rare 
species, the Sierra Leone Goatsucker, is the most curious. 

Na 8. Upper shelf: Toucans, the Smooth-billed Pogonius, 
Bftrbets; second shelf: White-bellied Coucal, Variegated Coucal, 
liBthamian Coucal, Cuckoos ; third shelf: Woodpeckers ; fourth 
Adf: Woodpeckers, Kingfishers, and Jacamars. 

No. 9 contains the Columbine birds or Pidgeons, the most 
eonspicuons of which are the Crowned Pidgeon and the Green 
EdgeoQ of Africa. 

Nob. 10 and 11. Upper shelf: Small African Bustard, Argus 
Phetsant; second shelf : the Ring Pheasant; third shelf: varie- 
ties ol the Common Pheasant, the tail of an unknown species [!] ; 
hwerthelf: the Pencil and Golden Pheasants, the Jangle Cock 
of India, which some have supposed to be the original stock from 
whence our domestic fowls have sprung. 

Nob. 12 and 13. Upper shelf: Horned Screamer, Wood 
Groose, etc. ; following shelves : various species of Partridges, 
Groose and Quails, amongst which the Lineated Partridge, the 
Streaked Partridge, the Tufted Quail, and the Crowned Quail are 
the moBt iuteresting. On the lower shelf is likewise a specimen 
of the Pintado, from Africa, in its wild state. 

Nob. 14 and 15. The Adjutant Crane, Tiger Bittern, Night 
Heron, Boatbill, Tufted Umber, and the White and Rose-coloured 
Spoonbills, etc. 

Nob. 16 and 17. Upper shelf: Scarlet Curlew, the conmion 
African Curlew, etc. ; second shelf: Long-legged Plover, Scarlet 
I'lamingo, etc. ; third shelf: African Snipe, varieties of the Ruff, 
a Ruff in its young state, and the Reeve, which is its female, etc. ; 
lower shelf: Spur- winged Jacana, American and common Avoset, 
etc 

Nos. 18 and 19. Upper shelf: Great Northern Diver, several 
varieties of Darters, etc.; second shelf: Etherial Tropic-bird, 
Term, etc. ; third shelf: Ducks, amongst them the Lobated Duck 
from New Holland is the most remarkable ; lower shelf: different 
^)ecieB of Merganser. 

^ No. 20 contains some curious nests and eggs of birds ; the 
Soap-nests, formed by two species of Swallow ; the nest of the 
Tajlor-£ird, etc. ; in the lowermost division is deposited the 
nppoaed 1^ of the Dodo, etc." 

The remaining cases, Nos. 21 to 58, were devoted to the 
In?ertebrata (Shells, Crabs, etc.). 

Such was the report on the collection of Birds in 1815. We 
VOL. u. M 



162 Zoology. 

learn also from the same guide-book or " Synopsis " that the 
ornithological series, consisting chiefly of the Sloanean specimens, 
was ** insensibly becoming retrograde in its comparative value ; 
in order to supply the former of these deficiencies, the Trustees 
being, in the year 1769, informed that a large collection of stufied 
Birds, in uncommon preservation, had been brought over from 
Holland by a person of the name of Greenwood, who, having for 
a time exhibited them to the public, became desirous to dispofie 
of them at a reasonable price, they readily availed themselves of 
the opportunity and purchased the whole for the sum of £460. 
Many additions were afterwards made by purchases and donations ; 
and the aggregate soon formed, not indeed a complete, but an exten- 
sive and curious a collection as any perhaps at that time extant." 

It will be noted by the ornithologist who knows anything of 
the commencement of the Bird-collection in the British Museum, 
that no particular mention is made in the foregoing account 
of any specimens obtained by Captain Cook and Sir Joseph 
Banks during their voyages round the world ; and yet it seems 
likely that some specimens had been given by Sir Joseph Banks, 
who is included in the list of those Trustees who were often 
Donors ; but ornithological specimens were apparently not among 
his gifts at that time. 

The account of this gi*eat naturalist is as follows : — " To the 
list [of Trustees who were donors] must be added the name of 
the Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, Bart., K.B., who, after his 
return from his circumnavigation, deposited at difierent times in 
the Museum numerous collections of natural and artificial curiosi- 
ties from the newly discovered islands in the South Seas, which, 
with considerable additions since made by the Admiralty, 
Captain Cook, and other officers who had performed similar 
distant and perilous voyagas, form now a very conspicuous part 
of the Museum. Among the many donations of various kinds 
which Sir Joseph Banks has since bestowed, and still con- 
tinues to confer upon the establishment, we must not omit to 
mention a large sot of Icelandic books, both printed and manu- 
script, which he collected in a voyage he made in the year 
1772 to that island. Nor can the public be uninformed of the 
indefatigable zeal he has ever displayed in his endeavours, as 
a Trustee, to advance the honour and advantages of this Institu- 
tion, which, together with his many other exertions for the 
benefit of science, must ever rank him among her best friends 
and strenuous promoters." 



Birds. 163 

Room VIII. contained further Mineral exhibitionB, and 
Ro(»n IX. was devoted partly to Geology and to the Inverte- 
bnU, with a very perfect specimen of the skull and horns of 
the Irish Elk on the walls. Room X. contained the Bird 
collection, which has been described above, and also Crustacea, 
Anehnides, Insects, etc., while the collection of Mollusca waa 
inanged in table-cases in the centre of the room. 

Boom XI. held the Quadrupeds, among them the Black 
Onnuigoatang and the Chestnut Ourang-outang, both in a young 
lUte, a large Antelope, a small ditto, etc., while on the walls 
were cases containing Sword-fish, etc. 

Room XII. was the spirit-room of that day, and had Reptilia 
and Fish in spirit, as well as many Mammals. 

We are informed in the " Synopsis " (p. xv) that " the original 
boilding being by no means sufficiently spacious for the reception 
of this and the Egyptian collections. Parliament has from time 
to time voted sufficient supplies for the purpose of erecting an 
additianal edifice, which is now completed, and a magnificent 
collection of ancient sculpture is at length opened for the 
inspection of strangers as well as for the improvement of artists, 
an advantage which the students in the tine arts have never 
before enjoyed in this country." The collection of Antiquities 
oecapied thirteen rooms, the Portland Vase being exhibited in 
tlie ante-room to Room XII. 

The next edition of the " Synopsis " in our library at the 
Natural History Museum is the fourteenth, printed by Richard 
and Arthur Taylor, Shoe Lane, in 1818. The "Introduction" 
was now omitted from the " General Guide," but it could be 
obtained from the messenger at the Museum. 

Considerable modifications seem to have been made in the 
arrangement of the different collections. The ground floor is 
itill devoted to the Printed Books, but on the upper floor the 
1st Room is devoted principally to Ethnology. The articles of 
dress and weapons from the South Sea Islands must have been 
0H)6tly from Cook's voyages and Banks' donations, though the 
i^ is not stated. 

Room II. (for the use of readers) is now " empty." Rooms 
IIL-VII. do not appear to have been altered, and contained the 
Manuscripts. The " Saloon " is still devoted to the collection of 
MioeraJs, of which a full account is once more given, with certain 
improvements and italicisation, and a plan of the *' order of the 
W>le cases in the Saloon." An '^ Alphabetical List of the 

M 2 



164 Zoology. 

Minerals is also given, with references to the Table Cases and th 
Diagram/' by which anyone could refer without difficulty t 
specimens exhibited. 

In this year we find that the Birds have been moved t 
Room YIII. The classification has been changed, and the wal 
space seems to have been more ample, as the collection of Bird 
and nests occupied only thirteen <:;ases, instead of twenty. Tb 
<x)llection of Mollusca occupied table-cases on the floor of thi 
room as before, and the Echtnoderma, Star-fishes, and some CoraL 
were also in table-cases in this room. 

Boom IX, was filled with Geological and PalieontologicB 
specimens, and Boom X with the " British Oryctogno6ti< 
Collection," or British simple mineral substances. 

Boom XI. is to be *^ appropriated to British Zoology," and i 
at present under arrangement. 

The spirit collection and the stufied Mammals, which wer 
housed in Rooms XI. and XII. in the previous Synopsis, are nc 
mentioned in the edition of 1818. 

The '* Synopsis " of 1819 is almost a reprint of the previoi 
edition, and it is curious that in neither of these editions is an 
reference made to the purchase of Colonel Montagu's Britif 
collection, acquired by the Trustees in 1816. It must have bee 
this collection which required Room XI. for its exhibition, az 
in 1819 we find that the arrangement of the British Birds ws 
completed, and in the cases between the windows were to 1 
placed the spirit-specimens of Reptiles, Fishes, eta Tl 
'* Synopsis" by this time has grown in size, as the oollectioi 
increased and were more minutely described, and the 15i 
edition had risen to 162 pages instead of 92 pages as in tl 
previous year. 

The Uth edition, of 1818, and the 17th edition, of 18! 
(printed by Richard and Arthur Taylor, Shoe Lane), vary h 
little from the preceding ones, but the descriptions of the vario 
collections are improved in many instances. Four years later, 
1824, the size of the '* Synopsis " has been somewhat increase! 
it was printed by G. Woodfall, Angel Court, Skinner Strec 
The arrangement, however, is the same, and the Second Room i 
the Upper Floor, which was empty in 1820, now contai 
" miscellaneous objects under arrangement." In the Third Rooi 
the Lansdowne Library of Manuscripts, acquired in 1807, is n 
yet finally arranged, the same announcement having been ma 
four years before. The collection of Minerals in the Salo< 



Birds. 165 

ippears to have been increased somewhat, as the plan of the 
TaUe^aises shows an addition of two to their number. 

In Boom YIII. the order of the Birds is once more slightly 
dumged, and some additions have been made since the last 
** Synopsis," such as the ^^ Manura^^ from New Holland, and the 
Aigos Pheasant. The " Scarlet Curlew " of previous editions is 
Dov correctly called the ''Scarlet Ibis." Dr. J. E. Gray was 
appdnted assistant in the Zoological Department in 1824, and a 
cboge in the classification and arrangement in the Mollusca in 
the Bird-room appears to have taken place. 

Booms IK. and X. contained Petrifactions and the British 
Orjctognostic collection. 

fiooM XI. The British Birds are housed here, and the 
eoUection of eggs is arranged along with the birds, in separate 
jJMg& cases, their numbers corresponding to those affixed to the 
Doonted specimens. Cases 23 and 24 contain nests, windpipes, 
and other parts of various British Birds. An '' Alphabetical 
list of the English names of the Birds in this room " is also 
printed. 

The 23rd edition of the << Synopsis," 1826, is almost a 
Terfaatim reprint of that of 1824 (also called the 23rd edition), 
« &r as the natural history collections are concerned. 

The next edition of the '* Synopsis " in our Museum Library 
is that of 1832 (twenty-sixth edition), and the book has now 
grown to be a small volume of 236 pages, being again printed 
bj 6. Woodfall, Angel Court, Skinner Street. C. Konig was 
Keeper in 1832, and J. E. Gray and G. R. Gray were both 
UBstants. This ''Synopsis" shews a great improvement in 
deicriptive work, and the collections have been much advanced, 
pwticiilarly as regards the Mammalia, many additions from 
Sir E. Parry's Arctic voyages being recorded. 

On the first landing-place of the great staircase are a Musk 
Ox, from Melville Island, and a Polar Bear, "procured in the 
lite Arctic expeditions, and presented by the Lords of the 
Admiralty." On the upper landing are a male and female Giraffe, 
or Camelopard, from South Africa, presented by W. J. Bur- 
cfaell, Esq. ; a Great Seal, said to be from the north-west coast of 
Britain, and an Ursine Seal, presented by Capt. Fitzroy, R.N. 

In this account of the Museum attention is drawn to the 
virions ethnological collections presented to the nation by 
Captain Cook and Sir Joseph Banks, whose names are specially 
OMotioned as donors, as well as that of Mr. Archibald Menzies. 



166 Zoology. 

Rooms II., III. and IV. are devoted to the Sloanean ai 
Banksian collections of Plants, and to Sir William Smitl 
collection of English Fossils, '* arranged according to the stra 
in which they were found." 

Rooms v., VI., VII. were occupied by Sir Joseph Ban! 
Library, with some cabinets of Insects in Room VI. 

The Birds have been removed from Room VIII. to Room XI 
the place of the birds being taken by ethnological specimens. 

The Saloon is now occupied by the collection of Mammalia, 
which appears, as a curiosity, " a Mule-whelp between the Idi 
and Tiger, born at Atkins* travelling menagerie at Windsoi 
In Room IX. are stated to be portraits of Sir Hans Sloane, t 
founder of the collection of Natural History, and an origii 
picture of John Rae, one of the earliest and most illustric 
of scientific British Naturalists. The latter is now in t 
Natural History Museum. In the same room are deposited t 
collections of Amphibious and Invertebrate Animals, preserv 
in spirits, and the overflow of large Mammals from the Saloc 
The Batrachia and Crustacea, with other Invertebrata, were a) 
exhibited, many of them in spirits. 

JBoom X. contained the collection of Reptiles in spiri 
Tortoises, Crocodiles, etc. A full description is given of the 
collections (pp. 47-68). " In the Table Cases, in the centre 
the room, are arranged the Collection of Foreign Radiat 
Animals." 

Moom XI. is now dedicated to the general collection of Fi 
and Crabs, and the table-cases contain the remainder of t 
Radiated Animals. 

Boom XIL is now the home of the Bird collection, arrang 
in glazed cases, with the collection of Shells in table-casi 
There are 42 cases for the Birds, instead of 22 as in 1826. 

The Royal collection of books having now been receive 
there appears to have been a "Long Gallery" above t 
"King's Library," and to this the collection of Minerals iw 
transferred. 

The series of native Birds, of which Dr. Leach had publish 
a catalogue in 1816, was chiefly composed of the Monta^ 
Collection, and even at the time when I succeeded Greor 
Robert Gray, the British collection mainly consisted of t 
Montagu series. 

Two years later the 28th edition of the " Synopsis " (1834) gi^i 
evidence of continued progress in the natural history coUectioi 



Birds. 167 

Beside the Giraffes on the first landing was now a River Horse, 
or ffippopotamus, from South Africa. The contents of the 
Tuioos rooms were much as before, but Room XII. is given over 
to the British Collection of Birds and their eggs, shells, etc. 
The general series of Birds is exhibited in Room XIII. 

No striking alteration in arrangement of the Birds is shown 
in any of the following: 29th edition (1835), 31st (1836), 
Mid (1837), 36th (1838), 38th (1839). In 1840, however, when 
Sir Henry EUlis was Principal Librarian, and Dr. John Edward 
Gray was Keeper, considerable changes have been made. The 
42nd edition of the " Synopsis " is now a bulky little volume of 
370 pages, and the descriptions of all the collections are much 
enlarged, and we find the names of Darwin, Riippell, Burchell, 
and other well-known explorers, whose collections have con- 
tribnted to the increase of the series. The Saloon contained the 
Mammalia, both the mounted specimens as well as those in 
^t being in ''upright glazed cases round the room, the 
smaDer in those between the windows, and the Bats in shallow 
eaaes affixed to the others." Shells, Corals, Insects, and Crustacea 
were "arranged in a series in the table-cases of the several 
rooms." 

Boom IX. had additional stuffed Mammalia, as well as 
ipirit^pecimens, Reptilia, Mollusca, etc., and in Room X. was 
the collection of Reptilia in spirits, with a full account of them, 
and a table of their classification, doubtless the work of 
Dr. J. K Gray himself. The mounted collection of Fish, as 
▼ell as the specimens in spirits, occupied Room XI. 

The " Northern Zoological Gallery " had apparently not long 
been finished, as Sir Henry Ellis, in his introduction, describes 
the additional buildings and galleries gradually ordered by the 
Government for the large collections as they were purchased or 
presented. In 1823, on "the donation, of liis Majesty King 
G«orge IV., of the library collected by King George III., the 
Govenunent ordered drawings to be prepared for the erection of 
an entire new Museum, a portion of one wing of which was to be 
occopied by the recently acquired library. This wing, on the 
OKtem side of the then Museum Garden, was finished in 1828 ; 
uid the northern, and a part of the western compartment of a 
projected square, have since been completed. The Townley 
Gallery at present joins on to the centre of the western 
compartment ; and Montague House, the old building of the 
Hoseam, continues to form the general front." 



168 Zoology. 

In the Northern Zoological Gallery, separated into five rooms, 
were all kinds of lower animals — Sponges and Corallines in the 
table-cases of Room I., Echinoderma, Holothurians, Star-fishes, 
etc., in Room II., Radiated animals, Zoophytes, etc., in 
Room III., Insects and Crustacea in Room IV., and " Annuloee 
animals " in R Jom Y. Considerable information concerning the 
objects in all these rooms is given, with tables of classification : 
all this was doubtless Dr. Gray's work. 

In the '^ Eastern Zoological Gallery " was the collection of 
mounted Birds, the British species being distinguished by a 
letter " B " printed at the end of the pedestal. The account of 
the bird-collection is also very full, with a tabular classification 
at the end. This part of the guide was certainly written by 
C^rge Robert Gray. Down the Bird-Gallery were the table- 
cases containing the Shells. 

The Mollusca were personally under the charge of the Keeper, 
who with Mrs. Gray arranged the collection. A very full 
description, with a table of classification, is given by Dr. J. E. 
Gray of this portion of the collection. 

The 43rd edition of the " Synopsis," published in 1841, is 
again a bulky little volume of nearly 400 pages, but does not 
differ very much from the edition of 1840, though it is amplified 
in many respects. Rooms XII.-XIII. of the upper floor have 
now become the '^ Mammalia Room " and the " Mammalia Saloon." 

The Bird-Gallery was the same as I remember it when I took 
charge of the ornithological collections in 1872, and the shell- 
cabinets occupied the floor space, having a separate gallery 
apportioned to them on the removal of the Natural History 
collections to the new Museum at South Kensington. 

The British Birds and the collection of British Birds' Eggs, 
the latter including two specimens of the egg of the Great Auk 
{JPlautua impennis), were at some time or other transferred to the 
British Room in the Northern Galleiy, and the ^gs, which 
were stuck down on wooden tablets and exposed to the light, 
soon became bleached and rotten. In 1842, however, t*he 
collection of eggs was exhibited in table-cases in the Bird- 
Gallery, as we learn from the 44th edition of the " Synopsis." 
There is nothing new to remark upon in this edition, excepting 
that a catalogue is given of the paintings which used to hang 
on the walls of the old Bird- Gallery at Bloomsbury. Some of 
these portraits are extremely interesting, among them being 
those of Sir Hans Sloane, John Ray, and others. 



Birds. 169 

The Mnseum Library does not contain quite all the successive 
editioDS of the " Synopsis " after the 44th edition of 1842. 
Those examined by me have been the 46th (1844), 47th (1844), 
48th (1845), 49th (1846), 50th (1847), 52nd (1847), 53rd (1848), 
54th (1849), 55th (1850), 57th (1851). After 1842 the descrip- 
tkmfl of the zoological objects were much curtailed in the 
"Spopais," as a separate " Guide to the Zoological Collections " 
was to be obtained in the Hall (c/. 46th ed., p. 10, noie). The 
46th and 47th editions are apparently identical, and both were 
iisned in 1844. Those of 1845, 1846 and 1847 (edd. 48, 49, 50) 
differ only in small particulars from the previous issues. The 
5l8t edition is not in the Library, but doubtless did not differ 
from the others published in the same year, as the 52nd to the 
55th editions show little change as far as the Birds are concerned. 
The 56th edition is unfortunately missing from the set in our 
Library, but the 57th is interesting as showing some alterations 
in the case of the British Birds and their eggs, which were 
removed from the Eastern Gallery to the 3rd Room of the 
Northern Grallery, to join the general British Collection as there 
arranged. 

This plan of exhibition remained unaltered till the time of 
the removal of the collections to the Natural History Museum 
at Kensington. 

Since the early voyages had enriched the British Museum 
with their valuable but ill-prepared results, many collections 
hftd been added. Leaving aside for the moment several 
valuable additions, which are duly chronicled below, one of the 
principal donations was that of General Hardwicke, who during 
his service in the Indian army made a collection of drawings 
of Eastern birds by native artists, which afterwards formed 
the bads of Gray and Hardwicke's " Illustrations of Indian 
Zoology." 

He likewise presented to the British Museum a number of 
OKmnted specimens of birds from all parts of the world, and many 
of these specimens were so well mounted that they would not have 
<ii8graced the best of modem taxidermists. General Hardwicke 
seems to have been endued with extraordinary enthusiasm for 
the study of natural history, and to have been a god-send to the 
Muaemn in its earlier development. An oil-painting of this 
"grand old man " of zoology is to be found in the Natural History 
Museum. Sir John Richardson gives the following account of 
G«ieral Hardwicke (see Report Brit. Ass., 1845, p. 188, noie) : — 



170 Zoology. 

" General Hardwicke began his collections of illustrations of 
Asiatic zoology in the last century, and continued them till his 
final return to this country in 1818. He lost many specimens 
and the fruit of much labour by three several shipwrecks ; but 
this, instead of damping his ardour, roused him to fresh exertions, 
and he was busy up to the time of his death in preparing his 
collections for publication, the scientific part having been under- 
taken by Mr. Gray. Among the drawings of fish which he 
procured, there are some by Major Neeld, others by Major 
Farquhar, and a considerable number copied from the drawings 
of Buchanan Hamilton, by that gentleman's consent, and by the 
same artists whom he employed. This is mentioned because a 
charge of piracy has been made in the ^Calcutta Journal' 
against General Hardwicke, who was however too high-minded to 
appropriate to himself the labours of others without due acknow- 
ledgement ; and the careful references in his own writing on the 
drawings of Buchanan Hamilton show that he had no intention 
of claiming anything that belonged to that distinguished natu- 
ralist. The General bequeathed his specimens, and the whole 
of his collections of drawings, amounting to twenty folio volumes, 
to the British Museum, and also set apart a sum of money to 
defray the expenses of publishing the scientific description of 
them. His collections have been deposited, as he wished, in the 
national institution, but his intentions respecting the publication 
have been entirely frustrated by a Chancery suit which was 
instituted soon after his death.'' 

The great collections presented by Mr. Bryan Hodgson, from 
Nepal, Sikhim and Tibet, marked an era in the history of the 
Zoological Department ; but the scientific value of this collection 
depended mainly upon the series of coloured drawings of the birds 
executed by native artists, while the skins from wliich the 
drawings had been taken were apparently of secondary account, 
and were very roughly prepared, with a label generally tied 
round the neck of the specimen, bearing a number which corre- 
sponded with the coloured picture of the species. The Hodgson 
donation deiilt mainly with the birds of the Himalayas, with 
the exception of one collection of skins from Behar; and for 
many years the Museum lacked a representative series from the 
greatest dependency of the Empire. 

Thanks to the donations of Mr. Allan Hume, C.B., Colonel 
Wardlaw Ramsay, Dr. F. D. Godman and Mr. Osbert Salvin, 
Mr. Radclifie Saunders, and the bequests of Mr. Henry Seebohm 



Birds. 171 

ind Mr. Philip Ci-owley, the ornithological collection of the 
BrittBh Museum has gradually been raised to the foremost 
podtion, and one of its most formidable rivals, the Honourable 
Walter Rothschild, is at the same time one of its most generous 
pfttrons. I believe that the utmost estimate of the number of 
birds' skins and ^gs in the year 1872, when I first took office, 
would be 30,000, or 35,000 at the most. At the present 
nxHDent, the series is more than 400,000 in number, of which the 
eggs alone number close on 100,000. The donations are 
dnonided in detail below. 

One more remark may be permitted. The collection of 
the British Museum must always be of priceless value, as 
it contains the material on which was founded the '^ Catalogue 
of Birds," being a description of all the known species of 
birds in the world. The great collections presented or be- 
queathed to the Museum during the past twenty years were 
formed with the distinct idea of illustrating the natural history 
and geographical distribution of birds, and these collections 
afbrd material for exact study unequalled by any other museum 
in the world. 

hi the following pages are given the details of the gradual 
progress of the Ornithological Section, as far as it has been 
possible to compile the record from existing documents. 



172 Zoology. 



II. Chbonological Account op the Principal Accessions to 
THE Collection op Birds to the end op 1905. 

In the foregoing pages I have given an account of the f onnation 
of the bird-collection so far as it could be gathered from different 
publications. No actual registers were kept during the early days 
of the Museum, and it was not until 1837 that a formal register 
was started. Before that date G. R. Gray had commenced a 
MS. catalogue of the collection of Birds, and this exists ii 
several vellum-bound books, most of which are still to be founc 
in the bird-room. They are occasionally of service in hunting uj 
the history of some of the ancient specimens. 

As already stated, the specimens from Sir Hans Sloane'i 
collection have long ago perished, and of those presented bj 
Sir Joseph Banks but one specimen now survives, as far as 
I can discover. Some few birds were afterwards received 
from the Northern Land expeditions, being presented by Sii 
John Richardson, Admiral Sir George Back, and others; but 
the specimens described by Swainson and Richardson in the 
'^ Fauna Boreali- Americana " do not appear to have been pre- 
sented to the nation in their entirety. During the time thai 
the Zoological Society of London possessed a museum of its 
own, most of the birds collected by the exploring voyages, 
such as the Beagle, the Sulphur, and other ships, were gives 
to the Society, instead of to the British Museum. Wher 
the Zoological Society decided to give up its museum thes( 
valuable collections were acquired by the British Museum, but 
the task of selection (presumably by G. R. Gray) was not tot 
carefully performed, and several types were overlooked, whicl 
ultimately found their way into private museums, such as that ol 
the late T. C. Eyton, for instance. 

When the Banksian collection of birds was presented I have 
no record. It is certain that some of the specimens procured 
during Captain Cook's voyages were presented, on the return 
of the -ships, to the Leverian Museum, Bullock's Museum, etc., 
while others still remained in Sir Joseph Banks' possession. 
Thus much we may gather from a study of Latham's " General 
Synopsis of Birds," which mentions several species as being in 
the above-named collections. 



Birds. 173 

Although the disappearance of the actual specimens is never 
sufficiently to be regretted, some little compensation for their loss 
is to be foand in the collection of drawings made by the artists 
whom Banks employed during the voyages of Capt. Cook. These 
" Drawings " came into the possession of the British Museum with 
the rest of the Banksian Library, and they are now preserved in 
the Natural History Museum at South Kensington. 

Parkinson's Drawings. 

The earliest of these collections is that of Sydney Parkinson, 
who accompanied Sir Joseph Banks as draughtsman, on Capt. 
Cook's first voyage round the world (1768-1771). See Hist. 
GolL Brit. Mus., I. (Libraries), p. 44. 

The figures of birds are 32 in number (Plates 7-38). 
Many of them are mere pencil outlines, and it is tolerably 
certain that all the artists who accompanied Banks on Captain 
Cook's voyages, Parkinson, George Forster, and Ellis, were 
in the habit of drawing an outline, sometimes colouring the 
bill and feet from the freshly shot bird, but much of the colour- 
ing was left to be filled in at home from the actual specimens, 
and in many cases this was never done. 

R 7. "No. 12, Falco. The colour of the beak pale bluish- 
grey, the feet dirty grey blue. Terra del Fuego." 
This plate, which is a pencil sketch only, is apparently 
mtended to represent Ihycier chimango (Vieill.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B., 
i, p. 41 (1874). 

PI. 8. "No. 5, Green Peroquet, Otahite. Aa." 

= Gyanorhamphus erythranotua (Kuhl.) (c/. Salvad., Cat. B., 

XX., p. 579). 

Kohl's type of his Psittcicus eryihronotua was in Bullock's 

Muaeam, and thence came into the British Museum, but is no 

longer to be found there (c/. Salyad., <.c., p. 580, note). It is not 

nwtttioned in G. R. Gray's list of Paittacida (p. 12, 1859). 

H. 9. " No 3, Blue Perroquet. The face, throat and breast 
white, romp and neck dirty grey, turning blue towards 
the edge, the feet and beak a bright orange, claws 
black, all the rest of the body w^ dark ultra[marine], 
shaded w^ P[ale] B[lue], like shining blue steel. 
Avinne." 
This plate, which is only a pencil sketch, most probably repre- 
sents the Otaheitan Blue Parrakeet of Latham, Gen. Syu., L, p. 255 



174 Zoology. 

{Psittacus taitianus, Gm.), Coriphihia iaitianuSy Salvad., Cal 
B. Brit. Mus., xx., p. 46 (1891). 

PL 10. " The whole bird black, spots on the head and on th 

shoulders dirty white, the breast feathers waved wit! 

pale brown, the outer feathers of the tail scarlet am 

yellow with narrow facia of black, the iris dar] 

brown, the pupil black, the beak dirty white, wit] 

the point of the upper mandible dark grey. Blacl 

Cockatoo." 

This plate, which is also a pencil sketch, represents on 

of the Black Cockatoos {Calyptorhynchus). Parkinson in hi 

Journal (p. 144) writes : '* Large black Cocatoos, with scarle 

and orange-coloured feathers on their tails, and some white spot; 

between the beak and the ear, as well as one on each wing. 

Latham, describing his Banksian Cockatoo ' (Gen. Syn., Suppl. 

p. 63, pi. cix.) refers to Parkinson's Black Cockatoo as bein^ 

probably identical. 

PI. 11. " The beak very dark brown, changing gradually int< 
yellowish toward the base of the upper mandible ; th< 
feet purple brown, the length of the wing in th< 
natural size 7^ inches. Ana» antarctica. Terra de 
Fuego." 
A pencil sketch apparently referable to Nettion fiavirogln 
(V.) ; Salvadori, Cat. B., xxvii., p. 261. 
PL 12. "The head, neck, breast and back soot colour, whicl 
gradually grows paler on the coverts of the wings t( 
their edges, which are bordered with white ; the large 
wing feathers and the tail are the same sooty coloui 
but shaded with M. blk. The upper coverts of the 
tail and the sides pure white; the beak blk., af 
are the feet, with a spot of yellow on each web. 
Dec. 22, 1768." 
= Oceanites oceanicm (Kuhl) ; cf, Salvin, Cat. B., xxv., 
p. 358. 
Kuhl (Beitr., p. 136, 1820) gives the first description of this 
species, but calls it " Procellana oceanica, Banks," and quotes 
Tab. 12 of Banks' pictures, this being of" course the above- 
mentioned drawing of Parkinson's. It is not, however, Kuhl's 
actual type of the species, as the specimen was described by him 
as having been formerly in Ridell's collection, but now in that of 
Temminck. It does not appear in the Catalogue of the '' Museum 
des Pays Bas." 



Birds. 175 

PL 13. "No. 6, FroceUaria sequorea; Dec. 23, 1768; Lat. 

37° South. The throat, breast and belly white; the 

Remiges, Rectrices, and beak black ; the feet black, 

on the webs marks of yellow as marked out in the 

figure." 
Is Pelagodrama marina (Lath.) ; Salvin, Cat. B., xxv., 

p. 362. P. aequarea is the name (unpublished) given 

bj Solander to this species in his MS. notes, as 

related by Mr. Salvin (Orn. Misc., i., p. 227). 
E. U. '* The large feathers of the wing, the tail, beak and feet 

are black, the belly and coverts of the tail white. 

December 23rd, 1768. Lat. 37'' South." 
Is Cffmodrama graUaria (Vieill.) ; c/. Salvin, Orn. Misc., 

L, p. 238 ; tU, Cat. B., xxv., p. 366. 
PL 15. " The beak a pale blueish lead-colour, the legs and 

toes pale blue w^ a cast of purple ; the webs dirty 

white. Feb. 1st, 1769. Lat. 59^ 00'." 
Most probably = Prion desolatus (Gm.) ; Salvin, Cat., xxv., 

p. 434. 
PI. 16. "The beak black, the legs and toes pale violet grey on 

the outermost toe, the webs dirty white and partly 

grey, veined with dirty purple. Feb. 15, 1769. Lat. 

48^ 27', Long. 93^" 
May be Halobaena csertdea (Gm.) ; c/. Salvin, Orn. 

Misc., i., p. 328 ; id., Cat. B., xxv., p. 431. 
PL 17. "Feb. 2nd, 1769. Lat. 59° South. Giant Petrel," 

Lath., Gen. Syn., vi., p. 397 (1785). Ossifraga gigantea 

(Gm.); ef. Salvin, Orn. Misc., i., p. 238; id., Cat. B., 

XXV., p. 422. A pencil outline only. 
PI. 18. Coloured figure, Ossifraga gigantea ; cf. Salvin, Ix. 
PL 19. "Feb. 2nd, 1769. Lat. 58^ " Procellaria fuliginosa, 

Solander MSS. ; cf. Salvin, Orn. Misc., i., p. 238. 
= MajaqueuB sequinociialia (Linn.) ; Salvin, Cat. B., xxv., 

p. 395. 
PL 20. " The beak is black, the legs and upper part of the 

feet pallid white, the lower part, where marked off, 

dark brown ; the claws black ; the under part of the 

whole bird white. Dec. 23, 1768." 
Procellaria sandaliaia, Solander MSS. ; cf. Salv., Orn. 

Misc., i, p. 328. 
= (Esirelata amiinjoniana, Gigl. and Salvad. {cf Salvin, 

Cat. B., XXV., p. 413). 



176 Zoology. 

PL 21. *^ Bill entirely black, the iris of the eye brown, pupi 
black. Feb. Ist, 1769. Lat. 59^ 00'." 
Procellaria lugens, Banks MSS. (c/. Kuhl, Beitr., p. 144^ 
= CEstrelata hrevirostris (Less.); cf. Salvin, Cat. B 
XXV., p. 409. 
PL 22. The same as 21. 

Kuhl gives the MS. name of P. lugens, Banks, but he himsc 
refers the figures to Procellaria griaea [nee Gmelin]. Tl 
earliest published name seems to be that of CEstrelata hrevirostr 
(Less.). 

PL 23. "The beak fuscus, the lower mandible paler ar 
blueish; the feet of the same colour. Feb. 15, 176 
Lat. 48° 27', Long. 93°," 
Nectria fuliginosa, Solander MSS. 

= Puffinus griaeus (Gm.) ; cf. Salvin, Cat. B., xxv., p. 38' 

PL 24. " The beak blue grey towards the back, and the poii 

black ; the legs and feet the same colour as in tl 

Procellaria cyanopedo. Nectria mundu, Feb. 15, 176! 

Lat. 48° 27', Long. 93°." 

The late Mr. Osbert Salvin was of opinion that this penci 

sketch i-epresented the species described by Giglioli and Salvado: 

as Puffinug elegana (Ibis, 1869, pp. 67, 68); cf. Salvin i 

Rowley's Orn. Misc., L, pp. 256, 257, pL xxxiv. (1876); id 

Cat. B., XXV., p. 385. 

PL 25. " The face and throat white as marked of[f] on th 

figure; the whole body above and below fusco-palido; th 

belly, the feet, whitish w^ a cast of blue, the nail 

white. Dec. 23rd, 1768. Lat. 37° South. Diamede 

exfdanay 

This figure probably represents the young of Diomede 

eoculans {cf Salvin, Om. Misc., i, p. 238 ; id., Cat. B., xxv., j 

442). 

PL 26. " The bill entirely black, the iris of the eyes yellow 

brown, the pupil black ; the skin that goes along th 

beak from the head pale violet clouded w* pale browi 

Feb. Ist, 1769. Lat. 59° 13'. Diomedea antarctica. 

= Phoshetria fuliginosa (Gm.) ; cf Salvin, Om. Misc 

i., p. 238 ; id., Cat. B., xxv., p. 453. 

PL 27. " The beak, excepting the back of the upper mandibl 

and part of the under one, is a dirty greenish whiU 

Feb. 3rd, 1769. Lat. 57° 30'." 

Is Diomedea prof uga,^o\ajxder MSS., which is Thalasioger&i 



Birds. 177 

cidororht/nchus (Gm.) ; cf. ScJvin, Om. Misc., i, p. 238 ; 
ii,y Cat. B., XXV., p. 451. 
PI. 28. " The beak is of a lead colour, whitish towards the 
base of the upper mandible ; the bag is of a dirty orange ; 
the feathers of the whole body is quite black, having a 
cast of purple on the back ; the feet and claws lead 
colour." '* Rio Janeero. Specimen lost. To be coloured 
from No. 3 in log No. . Pelecantis aquilus" 
Tlus is no doubt Fregata aquila (Linn.), Cat. B., xxvi, 
p. 443. 
PL 29. ** The beak and all the bare part round the eye is a 
brownish grey, the point only excepted, which is whitish ; 
the iris of the eyes grey, pupU black, the feet something 
reddish." 
" Terra del Fuego. Pelecanus aniarcticua.^* 
It i8 difficult to say what this pencil sketch actually repre- 
It may be intended for Phalacrocorax atriceps, King; 
Gnmt, Cat. B., xxvL, p. 390. In Solander's MSS. in the Museum 
Hhraiy there ia a fuller description of Felecanus antarcticus. 
PL 30. "Pdeeanua serratar." 

= Svla serratOTy G. R. Gray ; cf. Grant, Cat. B., xxvi, p. 
428. 
Solaoder's MS. refers to a specimen being procured on the 
24th of December, 1769. He gives a full description of the 
hinL 

PL 31. PhaeUm ervbescenSy Banks' MSS. 

= Phaeihon rvbricaudaf Bodd. ; ef. Grant, Cat. B., xxvi., 
p. 451. 
A complete coloured figure inscribed '' Sydney Parkinson 
pinz. 1769. Tawai " [Otaheite Islands]. It bears the name of 
^hi&on embesceru, of which a full account is given in Solander's 
MSS. This name is first published by G. R. Gray in his <* List 
of Anaeres," p. 182. A life-sized drawing of the head is also 
figured on this Plate 31. 

H. 32. " Lotus gregarius. Terra del Fuego." 

" The beak and feet the coli" of minium ; the breast and 
beUy white w*^ a cast of red, the same as in the Cocatoo 
w^ the red crest ; the claws dark brown ; the length 
of the wing in the natural size 1 1 inches." 
Mr. Howard Saunders, who has examined this Plate, which 
is only a pencil outline, is of opinion that it is intended to repre- 
sent Larut glaucodeSy Meyen ; cf, Saunders, Cat. B., xxv., p. 203. 

▼OL. II. N 



178 Zoology. 

In Solander's MSS. there is a fuller description : " gregariiu, 
LARUS, albus, supra canus, abdomine pallide incarnato, rectri- 
cibus nonnullis apice nigris, rostro pedibusque rubris. 

^' Habitat : juxta littora Terrse de Fuego, ubi gregatim 
volitant, at ssepe totas scopulas oooperiunt." 

PL 33. "Eperia." "No. 2. Egg Bird. Otahite." 

" The whole bird interely white ; the beak a lead ooloor, 

as are also the toes ; the webs between white ; the Bachi 

of the wing feathers pale brown and those of the tail 

black.'' 

Mr. Howard Saunders thinks that this sketch, which ui 

named " Egg Bird," is intended for Chfgis Candida (Gm.). It 

may be noted, however, that the name " Egg Bird " is ako 

applied to Sterna fuliginoaa ; ef, Saunders, Gat. B., xzv., p. 106. 

PI. 34. ^^Columba porphyracea, Forster. Gopaa." "Green 

Dove. Otahite." 
The Tahiti bird is Ptilopus purpuratua (Gm.), according to 
Salvadori, Gat. B., xxi., p. 105. 

PL 35. " Amah6, Columha pectaralta, Gtahite. The red on 
the neck brighter : some of a fine shiny purpla" 
= Phlogsenas, sp. ; ef, Salvad., Cat. B., xxi., p. 601, 
note. 
This bird is only known from Latham's description, which 
was founded on a specimen in the Banksian Collection (</• 
Salvadori, Le.), It is apparently not mentioned in Solander^f 
MSS. 

PL 36. '*No. 11, Turdus. Terra del Fuego." 
A pencil outline, probably intended for Turdus mageUamiem, 
which is the only species of true Thrush found in the island 
by Captain Crawshay. 

PL 36, fig. 2. "The whole wings and tail black and little 
inclining to brown ; the feathers of the back at tliair 
bases are black and their edges scarlet, which makes it 
look darker : the scarlet of the Belly is more yellow 
than the rest : the legs f usca : the beak black excepting 
the oblong space mark'd of[f ] on the base of the under 
mandible, which is white. Kio Janeiro." 
This pencilled figure is intended for Xipholena atrapurpurea. 
PL 37, ^g. 1. "Rio de Janeiro." 

There is no ncune given to this figure, but I should say it 
very fairly represents Spermophila cseruleseena (Vieill.) ; c/i Sharpe, 
Gat. B. Brit. Mus., xii., p. 126, 



Birds. in 

PL 37, fig. 2. " Loxia nitena, of the Coast of Brazil. Nov. 8tb, 
1768. Sydney Parkinson pinx. ad vivum, 1768. Brasil." 
This figure is undoubtedly intended to represent Volaiinxa 
jaearim (Linn.), Sharpe, Cat. B., xii., p. 152, though the name 
Loana niiem has not previously been associated with it. This 
nme title is given in Solander*s MSS. and may be a name 
attached to the drawing either by himself or by Banks. 

PL 38, &g, I . " MotacUla avida, Sept. 28th, 1 768. Lat. 1 9° 00' 

North." 
This figure is evidently intended for MotaeUla flava (Linn.),, 
and is a young bird, probably procured when the species was on 
its southward migration. 

Sdander^s MS. contains an account of the same specimen. 
Tlie name avida is bestowed by him on the species. 

R 38, fig. 2. " MotacUla velificans, of[f] the Coast of Spain. 
Sydney Parkinson pinx. ad vivum, 1768, Sept.; T. 10, 
P. 6, Sept. 4, 1768.'' 
This figure is evidently that of a female Wheatear, Saxicola 
ttmH^ (L) ; cf. Seebohm, Cat. B., v., p. 383. 

Forsteb's Drawings. 
The most important of the sets of Drawings from the Banksian 
library are undoubtedly those of Johann Gbobg Adam Fobster, 
vbo accompanied his father, Johann Reinhold Forster, on Capt. 
Cook's second voyage (c/. Hist. Brit. Mus. Coll., Libraries, pp. 
36, 37). His drawings are mostly on folio sheets of paper. 
After fifty years a description of them was published by Heinrich 
liditenstein in 1844.* The Birds commence with : — 
H. 32. Falco gei-pentarius, MiUer. 

= Serpentaritu aeeretarius (Scop.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Brit. 

Mus., L, p. 45 (1874). 
8erpeniariu8 aerpentarim (Miller) ; Sharpe, Hand-list B., i. 
p. 241 (1899). 
This is a large coloured figure, but no mention is made of this 
or the next bird in the '* Descriptiones Animalium.'' 
PI 33. '' Faleo plancuB, Gm." 

= Polylorus tharus (Mol.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B., i., p. 31. 
This is a large full-sized figure, identified in a MS. hand- 
vtiting as Falco plancus, under which name it is figured by Shaw 
inMiller's " Cimelia Physica " (PI. 17), 1796. It is the " Plaintive 

^ Deseriptiones AnimaUmn quae in itinere ad maris australis terras per 
•wos 1772, 1773, et 1774 anscepto oollegit, obfleryayit, et delineavit Joannea 
Bonhoidiia Forater, eta, ocuante Henrioo Lichtenatein. 8vo. Bcrolini, 1844. 

N 2 



180 Zoology. 

Eagle " of Latham, Gen. Syn., L, p. 34 (1781). He quotes Miller 
plate 17, so that part of the '* Cimelia " must have appeared befoi 
1781. It is Vultur plancus of Forster's Descr. Anim., p. 321. 
PI. 34. Fdlco leucurua, 

= Ibycter australis (Gm). ; cf, Sharpe, Cat. B., i., p. 3 
"Statenland, <J, Jan. 3rd, 1775." 
This bird is described by Latham as the ^* Statenland EagU 
and he quotes some notes given him by Forster. 

PI. 35. Falco leucaetoa, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 70. 

= Aatur novse-hollandim (Gm.) ; cf. Sharpe, Cat B. Bi 

Mus., L, p. 118. 
From New Holland. 
PI. 36. (Adult male) Falco harpe, Forst., Descr. Anin 
pp. 68, 69 . 
= Harpa novse zecdandim (Gm.) ; cf, Sharpe, Cat. B. Bi 
Mus., L, p. 372. 
PI. 37. {$yjuv.). Ditto. 
PL 38. (9). Ditto. 
PL 39. Strixfulva, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 71. 

= Ninox novse-zealandise (Gm.) ; cf, Sharpe, Cat. B. , iL, p. 1 1 
From Queen Charlotte Sound. 
PL 40. " Lanius leucorhynchos, Linn." 

= Artamus leucogaster (Valenc.) ; cf, Sharpe, Cat. B., xi 
p. 3. "Poemanghee, Sept. 7th, ?, 1774." 
PL 41. "Lanius cafer, Forst.,"; id., Descr. Anim., p. 31 
Cape of Good Hope ( = Lanius ferrugineus, Gm., S. ] 
i., p. 306). 
= Laniarius rufiventris (Swains.) ; cf, Reichenow, Vd| 
Afrikas, ii., p. 582. 
The bird from which this coloured figure was taken 
mentioned by Latham (Gen. Syn., i., p. 163) as being in i 
Joseph Banks' collection. 

PL 42. ^^ Psittacus hysginus, Forst." ; fd., Descr. Anim., p. li 
Count Salvadori is of opinion that this figure represei 
Pyrrhulopsis koroensis, Layard ; cf. Cat. B., rx., p. 496. 
is a better figure than that of Ellis, but both probably represc 
the same bird. 

PL 43. " Pffittacus hiaetis, Lath." Psittacua hisetia, Fon 
Descr. Anim., p. 258. 
= Nymphicua comutua (Gm.) ; cf, Salvadori, Cat. B., x 

p. 591. 
" N. Caledonia, 11th September, 1774." 



Birds. 181 

Pis. 44-47. Psittacus pacificui, Gm. 

= Cyanarhamphus navx-zealandisCf Spcurm. ; c/. Salvad., 
Cat. B., XX., p. 581. 
The bird figured on Plate 46 is said to be from " Dusky Bay, 
April 6th, 1778." 
PL 47. Is a Parraquet similar to the foregoing, but with a 
red rump. It is the Pacific Parrot, var. C, of Latham's 
"General Synopsis " (i., p. 253). 
= Pnttcunu pacificu8, var. y, Gm. Syst. Nat., i., p. 329. 
GoTint Salvadori identifies this with C. aurieeps (Kuhl) ; cf, 
StlTacL, Cat., xx., p. 587. 
PI. 48. Pnttacus palmarum, Gm. ; Forst., Descr. Anim., 
p. 259. 
= Eypocharmotyna palmarum ; cf. Salvadori, Cat. B. Brit. 

Mus., XX., p. 78. 
"Tanna, ^, 16th Aug., 1774." 
PL 49. Pntiaau aapphirinus, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 201 
(1844: Tahaitee). 
= Coriphilus taitanus (Gm.) ; cf. Salvadori, Cat. B., xx., 
p. 46. 
PI. 50. Psitiactu hypopoliuSy Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 72 
(1844 : New Zealand). 
= Nestor meridionalis (Gm.) ; cf, Salvadori, Cat. B., xx., 
p. 5. 
Pi. 51. Pnttacus poliocar, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 399(1844). 
= Agapomis cana (Gm.) ; cf, Salvadori, Cat. B., xx., 

p. 507. 
"Madagascar, May 4, 1775." 
PL 52. Callseas cinerea, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 74 (1844: 
New Zealand). 
= Glaucapis cinerea (Gm.) ; cf, Sharpe, Cat. B., iii., p. 142. 
Said to have been found in both islands of New Zealand by 
Fonter (^c), who does not seem to have noticed the differenoo 
in the colour of the wattles between the two species of Olaucopia. 
Ute bird figured is O. cinerea. 

PL 53. Canma cinereusy Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 260 (1844 : 

New Caledonia). 
Thig is the type of the " New Caledonian Crow " of Latham 
(fen. Syn., L, p. 377), " from a drawing in the collection of Sir 
Joseph Banks." 

= Artamides caledonicus (Gm.) ; cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., 
p. 10. 



182 Zoology. 

PI. 54. Coracias pacifica, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 261 (1844 

New Caledonia). 

= Aplonia striata (Gm.) ; c/. Sharpe, Cat. B., xiii., p. 127 

This is the " Blue-striped Roller " of Latham (Gen. Syn., i 

p. 414, pi. xvi.). He does not say whence he described the spec 

mens, but the Plate seems to have been adapted from Forster 

drawing. 

PI. 55. Oriolus musse, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 163 (1844). 
= Tatars hngirostris (Gm.) ; c/. Sharpe, Cat. B., vi 
p. 525. 
PI. 56. Ouculus fasdatuSf Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 160 (184- 
Huaheine et Otahaitee). 
= Urodynamis taitiensts (Sparrm.); cf. Shelley, Cat. I 

xix., p. 314. 
" Taheitee. Tayarabboo." 
PI. 57. Ouculm nitens, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 151 (184' 
Charlotte Sound, New Zealand). 
= CJtalcococcyx lucidus (Gm.) ; cf. Shelley, Cat. B., xu 
p. 295. 
PI. 58. Alcedo collaria, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 162 (184^ 
Otaheitee). 
= Todirhamphus veneratus (Gm.) ; cf, Sharpe, Cat. I 

xviL, p. 288. 
" Erooro at Taheitee." 
Latham's " Venerated Kingfisher " (Gen. Syn., L, pt. 2, p. 62 
1782) was described from a specimen in the Leverian Museui 
It is said to "inhabit Apye, one of the Friendly Isles, whe 
it is held as sacred among the natives as that of Otaheitc 
His "Respected Kingfisher" (<.c., p, 624) "inhabits Otaheit 
where it is called ' Erooro.' It is accounted sacred." I 
Latham does not state where he found the specimen 1 
described, it seems to me extremely probable that he toe 
his description from Ellis' Drawings, No. 23, from " Otaheitc 
— " Erooroo." 

As Forster's figure shows a dark band across the chee 
a feature not mentioned by Latham in his description of tl 
" Venerated Kingfisher," it is evident that the latter was n< 
described from the actual bird figured by Forster. Both tl 
" Venerated " and " Respected " Kingfishers of Latham seem 1 
be the same species, and hence Todirhamphus tutus^ Shar| 
{nee Gm.), Cat. B., xvii., p. 291, will require another nami 
which I propose should be Todirhamphus wigUsworthi^ in memor 



Birds. 183 

of the yooDg explorer who did such good work as the historian 
of the Pacific Avifauna. 

R 59. Alcedo eyanea^ Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 76 (1844 : New 
Zealand). 
=Halqfon vagans (Less.) ; c/. Sharpe, Cat. B., xvii., p. 271. 
"Nr. Dusky Bay, April 4, 1773." 
PL 60. Akedo cancropJuiga, Forst. (nee Lath.), Descr. Anim., p. 4. 
Halcyon erythrogastery Gould ; Sharpe, Cat. B., xv., p. 234 
[=21 actsBon (Less.) ; Oustalet, C. R., iii., Congr. Intern. 
Omith., Paris,' p. 228 (1891)]. 
[St. Jago.] 
R 61. Cerihia dndnnata, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 78 (1844 : 
Queen Charlotte's Sound, N.Z.). 
=: Prosihemadera navse-zealandise (Gm.) ; cf, Gadow, Cat. 
B., ix., p. 257. 
PL 62. Certhia olivaceay Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 79 (1844 : 
New Zealand). 
= Anihamis melanura (Sparrm.) ; ef. Gadow, Cat. B., ix., 
p. 255. 
R 63. Certhia cardinalis, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 262 (1844 : 
Tanna, New Hebrides). 
= Myzamela cardinalia (Gm.) ; cf, Sharpe, Handl. B., v., 

p. 66 (1906). 
"Tanna, <J, 16th August, 1774." 
latham's " Cardinal Creeper " was described from a specimen 
in the Leverian Museum (Gen. Syn., i., pt. 2, p. 733, pi. 33, fig. 2) ; 
it may well have been the actual specimen figured by Forster. 
PL 64. Certhia caruncukUaf Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 165 (1844 : 
Tonga-Tabu). 
=Ptiloti8 caruneidata (Gm.); cf. Gadow, Cat. B., ix., p. 225. 
Latham called this bird the "Wattled Creeper" (Gen. Syn., 
i, pt 2, p. 732), and described it from a specimen in the 
LeFerian Museum. 

'* Tonga-tabu or Amsterdam Isle." 

PL 65. Anaspicta, Forst., Descr. Anim,, p. 333 (1844 ; Staten- 
land). 
= Chloephaga inornata (King) ; ef, Salvadori, Cat. B., 
xxviL, p. 134. 
PL 66. Anas ganta, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 336 (1844 : Tierra 
del Fuego). 
= Chloephaga hyhrida (Molina) ; cf. Salvadori, Cat. B., 
xxviL, p. 130. 



184 Zoology. 

PI. 67. Anas cheneroa, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 92 (1( 
Dusky Bay, New Zealand). 
= Casarca variegata (Gm.) ; cf, Salvadori, Cat. B., ja 

p. 183. 
"Dusky Bay, N.Z., April 7, 1773." 
PI. 68. Anas pteneres, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 338 {li 
Straits of Magellan). 
= Tachyerea cinereus (Gm.) ; cf, Salvadori, Cat. B., xx 

p. 373. 
"Statenland, Jan. 2, 1775." 
Pis. 69, 70. Anas montanaf Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 44 (1^ 
Cape of Good Hope). 
= Casarca cana (Gm.) ; cf, Salvadori, Cat. B., xx 
p. 182. PL 69 is a pencil sketch only. 
PI. 71. Anas xanthorhynchay Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 
(1844 : South Georgia). 
= Nettion georgicum (Gm.) (cf Salvadori, Cat. B., xx 
p. 264) ; Nettium georgicum^ Sharpe, Handl., L, p. 2] 
[<J, Jan. 17, 1775.] 
On this plate is founded Latham's description of 
" Georgia Duck " (Gen. Syn., iii, pt. 2, p. 478) " from the drawi 
of Sir Joseph Banks." 

PI. 72. Anas xanthorhynchay Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 45 (18 
Cape of Good Hope). 
= Anas undtdata, Dubois (cf Salvadori, Cat. B., xx 
p. 212). 
These two plates, ncuned A, xanthorhyncha by Forster, re 
sented two very different species. 

PI. 73. Anas pyrrhorhynchay Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 45 (18 
Cape of Good Hope). 
= Poecilonetta erythrorhyncha (Gm.) (cf Salvad., Cat. 
xxvii., p. 285). 
Although Latham (Gen. Syn., iii., pt. 2, p. 507) does 
state where he found the specimen of his "Crimson-bi 
Duck," there can be no doubt that it was from Forst 
Drawings, or from a specimen in Banks' collection, that it 
described. 

PI. 74. Anas malacorhynchuSj Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 
(1844 : New Zealand). 
= Hymenolssmus malacorhynchus (Gm.) (cf Salvad., ( 

B., xxvii., p. 455). 
" Dusky Bay, New Zealand, April 3, 1773." " He-wee; 



Birds. 185 

Gmelin founded his specific name on Latham's " Soft-billed 
Dock "(Gen. Syn., iii., pt. 2, p. 522). This was undoubtedly 
founded on Forster's Plate 74, with some details taken from 
tlie account in Cook's Voyage (vol. i., ppt 72, 97), and the 
specimen figured was no doubt in the Banksian collection. 

PL 75. Anas asnmilis, Forster, Descr. Anim., p. 46 (1844 : 
Cape of Good Hope). 
= NeUion capense (Gm.) (cf. Salvadori, Cat. B., xxvii., 
p. 259) ; Nettium eapenae, Sharpe, Handl. B., i., p. 219. 
Latham (G«n. Syn., Pt. 2, p. 519, 1785) described his "Cape 
Wigeon"from the Drawings of Sir Joseph Banks. This plate 
of Font^s is, therefore, the type of the species. 
PL 76. Ancu viduata, 

= Dendrocygna viduata (Linn.) {cf, Salvad., Cat. B., xxii., 

p. 145). 
"Cape of Good Hope." 
PL 77. Anas leucophrya, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 93 (1844 : 
Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand). 
^A%a9aupercilio8a,Qixxi.{ef, Salvadori, Cat. B., xxvii., p. 206). 
Latham's " Supercilious Duck " (Gen. Syn., iii., pt. 2, pi. 497) 
was taken from this figure of Forster's, which is consequently the 
type of the species. 

" Dusky Bay. He-iarrera.*' 

PL 78. Anas lophyra, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 340 (1844 : 

Staten-land). 

= Afuucrtatata (Gm.) (cf. Salvad., Cat. B., xxvii., p. 216). 

latham (Gen. Syn., iii., pt. 2, p. 543, 1785) describes his 

"Crested Duck" from Forster's Drawings, and the figure is, 

tiiwcfore, the type of the species. 

PL 79. Ana8 atricilla, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 95 (1844 : 
New Zealand). 
= FuUgula novse zealandim (Gm.) {cf, Salvadori, Cat. B., 
xxviL, p. 368). 
" Dusky Bay. He-patek," 

This is another species, described from the Forster Drawings, 
being the "New Zealand Duck" of Latham (Gen. Syn., iii, 
pt- 2, p. 543), on which Gmelin founded his Anas novse zealandise, 
PL 80. Aptenodytes chryaocome^ Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 99 
(1844 : New Holland). 
= Catarrhades chryaocome, Forst. {cf. Grant, Cat. B., 
xxvi., p. 635). 
A pencil outline. 



186 Zoology. 

PI. 81. ^^Aptenodytea patachonica" A. patagonica, Forst., D( 
Anim., p. 347 (1844: Falkland Islands and S< 
G^rgia and islands of New Guinea *) ; cf. Ogi 
Grant, Cat. B., xxvi., p. 627. 
"<J. Jan. 17, 1775." 
PI. 82. Aptenodytea arUarctica, Forst., Comment. Gdtti 
iii., p. 141, pi. iv., 1781 ; id., Descr. Anim., p. 349. 
= PygoscelU antarctica (Forster) ; Grant, Cat. B., x: 
p. 634. 
PI. 83. Aptenodytes magellantea, Forst., <.c., 1781 ; id., D< 
Anim., pp. 348, 351 (1844 : Tierra del Fu^o, Sta 
land, Falkland Islands). 
= Spheniscus magellanicus (Forst.) ; Grant, Cat. B., z: 

p. 651. 
" Staten Land." 
. Pis. 84, 85. Aptenodytes minor, Forst, «.c., 1781 ; id., D< 
Anim., p. 101 (1844 : Dusky Bay, New Zealand). 
= Eudyptila minor (Forst.) ; Grant, Cat. B., x: 

p. 646. 
" New Zealand. * Korora^ " 
PL 86. Procellaria similia, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 59 (1^ 
Antarctic Ocean). 
= Halohssna cmrulea (Gm.) ; Salvin, Cat. B., a 
p. 431. 
PI. 87. Procellaria vittata, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 21 (1^ 
Southern Ocean). 
= Prion vittatus (Gm.) ; Salvin, Cat. B., xxv., p. 432. 
PI. 88. Procellaria tridactyla, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 
(1844 : Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand). 
= Pelecanoidea urinatrix (Gm.) ; cf, Salvin., Cat. B., a 
p. 437. " Teetee." 
Pis. 89-90. Procellaria nivea, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 
(1844 : Antarctic Ocean). 
= Pagodroma nivea (Gm.) ; Salvin, Cat. B., xxv., p. 
" Dec. 30, 1772." PI. 90 is only a pencil outline. 
PI. 91. Procellaria glaciaHa, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 
(1844 : Southern Ocean). 
= Priocella gla^nahides (Smith) ; Salvin, Cat. B., s 
p. 393. 

* Doubtless a misprint for New Zealand, 



Birds. 187 

Fl. 92. ProceUaria JuMttaia (nee Kohl), Forst., Descr. Anim., 
p. 208 (1844 : Lat. 48° S. Pacific Ocean) ; Gould, B. 
Austr., vii., pi. 47. 
= Priofinus cinereus (Gm.) ; Salvin, Cat. B., zxv., p. 390. 
Latham (Gren. Syn., iii., pt. 2, p. 405, 1785) founded his 
description of his ''Cinereous Petrel" on a specimen in the 
British Museum. From his description of the colours of the 
bill and feet, it is evident that he had also Forster's Drawings 
in his mind. 

PL 93. ProeeUaria fvUcfinosc^ Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 23 
(1844 : Southern Ocean). 
= (Estrelata mcteroptera (Smith) ; ef. Salvin, Cat. B., xxv., 
• p. 453. 
PI 93a. Head of Osaifraga gigantea. 
R. 94. ProeeUaria fuliginosa, Forst. (nee pi. 93). 

= Puffinu8 grisem (Gm.) ; cf, Salvin, Cat. B., xxv., p. 386. 
The type of Latham's ** Grey Petrel " (und^ ProeeUaria grisea, 
Gm.) was in the Leverian Museum. 

PL 95. ProeeUaria antaretiea, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 60 
(1844 : Antarctic Seas). 
= Thala88ceea antariiea (Gm.); ef, Salvin, Cat. B., xxv., 
p. 392. 
PL 96. ProeeUaria eapensis, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 20 
(1844 : Southern Ocean). 
==Dapiion capensia (Linn.) ; ef, Salvin, Cat. B., xxv., p. 428. 
H. 97. ProeeUaria gularis. 

This plate represents a Flying Petrel, and it has been referred 
U> ProeeUaria hmsiiata by Kuhl and Temminck. The type of the 
latter species was purchased by Temminck from Bullock's sale, 
and was described by Kuhl : it is now in the Ley den Museum. 
This is the well-known " Capped Petrel," but Forster's plate 
represents CEstrelaia gvlaris, of Peale, 1848 : ef, Salvin, Cat. B., 
XXV., p. 414. It seems to me also that ProeeUaria ineocpeeiata, 
of Forster (Descr., p. 204), refers to this Plate 97, in which case 
^species would bear the name of CEstrelaia inexpeetata (Forster, 
1844). 
PI. 98. ProeeUaria letieoeephala, Forster, Descr. Anim., p. 206 
(1844). 
= (EHrelata les8oni (Gamot) ; cf Salvin, Cat. B., xxv., 
p. 401. 
This drawing is referred to P, hsesitata by Kuhl, but it 
i^reseuts quite a different species. 



188 Zoology. 

PI. 99. 2). albatrua (nee Pall.), Porster, Descr. Anim., p. 
(1844). 
= Diomedea eamlana, Linn. ; Salvin, Cat. B., xxv., p. 4 
PI. 100. Diomedea chrysoatoma, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 
(1844: Southern Ocean). 
= Thalaasogeron Mororhynchua (Gm.) ; cf, Salvin, Cat. 
XXV., p. 451. 
PI. 101. Diomedea chrysostoma, Forster, l.c. This per 
drawing appears to have been taken from a specimen 
Thalasaogeron culminatus, Gould ; cf. Salvin, i.e., p. 4 
PI. 102. Diomedea palpehrata, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 
(1844: Antarctic Ocean, 25 Jan. 1773). 
= Phoehetria fuliginosa (Gm.) ; cf. Salvin, Cat. B., xx 
p. 453. 
PI. 103. Pelecanus punctatus, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 1 
(1844 : Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand). 
= Phalacrocorax punetatus (Sparrm.) ; cf. Ogilvie-Gra 
Cat. B., xxvi., p. 354. " Pa-degga-degga." 
PI. 104. Pelecanus carunculatus, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 1 
(1844 : Queen Charlotte Soimd, New Zealand). 
= Phalacrocorax carunculatus (Gm.) ; cf. Ogilvie-Gra 
Cat. B., xxvi., p. 384. 
Latham's '^ Carunculated Shag " (Gen. Syn. iii., p. 2, p. 6( 
und^ P. carunculaiusj Gm.), was described from a specimen in t 
Leverian Museum. It may have been the bird that F(»^ 
painted. Forster considered that he saw the same species 
Tierra del Fuego, but he evidently confused P. albiventer w 
the New Zealand bird. 

PI. 105. Pelecanus magellanicuSj Forst., Descr. Anim., p. ^ 
(1844 : Straits of Magellan). 
= Phalacrocorax mageUanicus (Gm.) ; cf OgUvieGra 

Cat. B., xxvi., p. 388. 
"Tierra del Fuego, December 28, 1774." 
This bird was also described by Latham as the ** Magella 
Shag" (Gen. Syn., iii, pt. 1, p. 604), from a specimen in 
Leverian Museum. 

PI. 106. Pelecanus pica, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 104 (18- 

New Zealand). 

= Phalacrocorax varius (Gm.) ; cf Ogilvie-Grant, Cat. 

xxvi., p. 394. 

Latham's " Pied Shag " (Gen. Syn., iii., pt. 2, p. 605) ^ 

also described from a specimen in the Leverian Museum, but 



Birds. 189 

fikevise mentions having seen the species in the drawings in 
Sir Joseph Banks' possession. The egg is figured on the plate, 
and described by Latham. 

R 107. Pelecanua piscfUar, Forst. (nee Linn.). 

= Stda cyanops (Sund.) ; cf. Ogilvie-Grant, Cat. B., 

xxvi, p. 430. 
"Norfolk Island, Oct. 9, 1774." 
H. 108. Peheanus plotus, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 278 (1844 : 
New Caledonia). 
= Sda mda (Linn.); cf. Ogilvie-Grant, Cat. B., zxvi., 

p. 436. 
"New Caledonia, ? , 16 Sept., 1774." 
R 109. Larus tcopulinus, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 106 (1844 : 
New Zealand) ; Saunders, Cat. B., xxv., p. 238. 
« New Zealand. He-talla." 
R 110. Siema aerrala, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 276 (1844 : 
New Caledonia). 
= Siema fultginosa (Gm.) ; ef, Saunders, Cat. B., xxv., 

p. 106. 
"New Caledonia, ?, Sept. 16th, 1774." 
R 111. Ardea ferruffinea^ Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 274 
(1844 : New Caledonia). 
= Syctieorax caledonieiu (Gm.) ; cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., xxvi., 

p. 158. 
"New Caledonia, Sept. 11th, 1774." 
A figure of this Night Heron is given in Cook's " Voyage " 
(^L ii, pL 50). Latham founds his " Caledonian Night Heron " 
(Gen. SyiL,iiL, pt. 1, p. 15, 1785) on a description supplied to him 
by Forster, whose drawing thus represents the type of the species. 
PI- 112. Is apparently «Demfe^re< to sacra. 
P1113. Is a pencil sketch of a Heron, but there is no clue as 

to its identification. 
PI. 114. Ardea jugularis, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 172 (1844 : 
Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand). 
^ BemiegreUa sacra (Gm.); cf Sharpe, Cat. B., xxvi. 
p. 137. 
PI 115. Ardea palearis, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 47 (1844 : 
Cape of Good Hope). 
=Bugeranu8 carunctdatus (Gm.) ; cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiii., 
p. 267. 
'^e figure of the Wattled Crane is by " Shumacker," according 
to lichtenstein, but the drawing is signed "G. Forster, 1773." 



190 Zoology. 

The picture was taken from a living bird in the Indian Merchants 
Society's Gardens at the Cape, and on this drawing in the 
collection of Sir Joseph Banks Latham founded his description 
and figure of the " Wattled Crane " (Gen. Syn., iiL, pt. 1, p. 82, 
pL IxxviiL), which thus becomes the type of the species. 

PI. 116. Tantalw eapensis [Tantalus eafer, on plate], Forst, 
Descr. Anim., p. 48 (1844 : Cape of Good Hope). 
= OerorUietu caltma (Bodd.); c/. Sharpe,Cat.B., xjdiL,p. 17. 
"G. F., 1773." 
PI. 117. Tantalus melanops, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 332 

(1844 : Staten Land). 
Is the " Black-faced Ibis " of Latham (Gen. Syn., iii, pt. 1, 
p. 108, pi. Ixxix.) described from a specimen in Sir J. Banks' 
collection, procured by Dr. Forster " in New Year's Island, near 
Staten Land." 

= Theristicus melanopis (Gm.) ; cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., xxri, 

p. 21. 
"Staten Land, Jan. 3, 1775." 
PL 118. Scdapax caffra, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 49 (1844: 
Cape of Good Hope). 
= Ancyhchilus subarguatus (Giild.) ; Sharpe, Cat B., 
xxiv., p. 586. 
PL 119. Scolopax phseopuSf Forst. (nee Linn.), Descr. Anim., 
p. 242 (1844 : Otahaitee). 
= Numenius tahiiiensis (Gm.) ; cf, Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., 

p. 367. 
•^Otaheite, May 3, 1774. Tewea." 
The Otaheite Curlew was described by Latham (Gen. Syn., 
iii., pt. 1, p. 122) from a specimen in the collection of Sir Joseph 
Banks, doubtless the identical one figured in Forster's drawings. 
PL 120. Tringa pyrrhetrsea, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 174 
(1844: Otaheitee). 
= Prosohonia leucoptera (Gm.) ; cf, Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., 

p. 525. 
"Taheitee. Torow," 
The type of this now extinct species is in the Leyden 
Museum. 

It is curious that the three figures of this bird do not agree with 
each other. Latham does not tell us much of the actual specimen 
which he described as the White-winged Sandpiper (Gen. Syn., 
iii., pt. 1, p. 172, pi. IxxxiL). He appears to have seen three 
specimens, which must all have been in Sir Joseph Banks' 



Birds. 191 

poaMikm. The only one extant to-day is the example in the 
LeTden Museum, which I consider to be the bird figured by 
Focrter, and described by me in 1896 (Cat. B., vol. xxiv., p. 525). 
Tbe bird figured by Latham (pi. Ixxxii.) differs somewhat from 
linker's painting, in that it is shown with a rufous eyebrow, 
iHnte lores, and a single rounded patch of white on the bend of 
the wing. Forster's specimen, it will be seen, came from Tahiti, 
bit the bird figured by Ellis is quite different from Forster's and 
Utham's figures, and came, moreover, from Eimeo or York 
Iilind, where it was called ** Te-teJ^ Ellis' figure certainly 
repieaeiitB a different bird from Forster's. It has a circlet of 
nfoos colour round the eye, it has a double patch on the wing- 
coferts, and the median and greater wing-coverts are pale ferru- 
ftwu VHk ihe rump. I propose to call this bird Pro9ohonia eUiai. 
PL 121. Charadrius torquaiulaf Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 108 
(1844: Dusky Bay). 
= Tkinomis navm zealandim (Gm.) ; c/. Sharpe, Cat. B., 

xxiv., p. 304. 
" Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand." " Doodoorroo- 
attoo." 
Latham's " New Zealand Plover " was described from the 
collection of Sir Joseph Banks, and Forster's drawing was no 
doobt taken from the same specimen. 

PL 122. Charadrius glareola, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 109 
(1844 : S. Island, New Zealand). 
= Oehihodromus obseurus (Gm.) ; cf, Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv. 

p. 211. 
" Ha poho^ra," April 4, 1773. 
The "Dusky Plover" of Latham (Gen. Syn., pt. 1, p. 211) 
was described from a specimen in Sir Joseph Banks' collection, 
and was doubtless the original of Forster's sketch. 

PL 123. Ckarculius glaucopus, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 176 
(1844: Otaheitee). 
= C^radriu8 dominicus, P. L. S. Miill. ; cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., 

xxiv., p. 195. 
"Tonga Tabboo or Amsterdam Island." 
PL 124. Is also Charadrius dominicus, but in more full 
plumage. 
''Poemanghee. New Caledonia, ^, Sept. 6th, 1774." 
H. 125. Chianis laciea, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 330 (1844). 
Is Chianis alba (Gm.) ; c/1 Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., p. 710. 
"Staten Land, Jan. 2nd, 1775." 



192 Zoology. 

PL 126. Bdllus troglodytes, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. IIO 
(1844 : New Zealand). 
= Ocydromus australis (Spamn.) ; cf, Sharpe, Cat. B., 
xxiii., p. 64. 
PI. 127. Balliu pactjicus, pt. Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 177 
(1884, Otaheitee). 
= Hypoteenidia philippensis (Linn.) ; c/. Sharpe, Cat. B.j 
xxiii., p. 39. Namoka, 9 , July 1, 1774. 
PL 128. Also named Rallus pacificua, but evidently a 
distinct bird from the preceding ona It has a 
red bill, and agrees with Forster's diagnosis of his 
Ballm padficusj so that it must be the type of the 
species. 
PL 129. BaUn8 caffer, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 50 (1884: 
Cape of Good Hope). 
= Rallus cserulescens, Gm. ; cf, Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiii., p. 25. 
Latham's Blue-necked Rail (Gren. Syn., iii., pt. 1, p. 234) is 
taken from the Drawings of Sir Joseph Banks, so that this 
plate is the type on which the species was founded. 

PL 130. Bdllus minutus, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 178 
(1844 : Otaheitee and Tonga-Tabu). 
Is Porzana tahuensis (Gm.) ; cf, Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiiL, 

p. 111. 
"Tana, 9, 12th August, 1774." 
Latham, speaking of a variety of his Tabuan Rail (Gen. 
Syn., iii., pt. 1, p. 235), says: — "Inhabits the Island of Tanna. 
Sir Joseph Banks.*' His remarks apply either to a specimen, or to 
the drawing in the Banksian Library, probably the former, as 
there are no colours given in Forster's Drawing, which is only 
a pencil sketch {cf Wigles worth, Av. Polyn., p. 61, 1891; 
Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiiL, p. Ill, note). 
" Taheitee Maho." 
PL 131. BaUus tannensisy Forster, Descr. Anim., p. 275 (1844). 
"Tana, ?, 12th August, 1774." 

= Poliolimnas cinereus (V.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiiL, p. 130. 
PL 132. Eallus sethiops, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 400 (1844 : 
Cape of Good Hope). 
= Limnocorax niger (Gm.); cf Shai^ie, Cat. B., xxiiL, 
p. 150. April 24, 1775. 
Latham's Black Rail (Gen. Syn., iii., pt. 1, p. 236) was founded 
on a specimen in the British Museum, but he does not mention 
the Banksian collections in connection with the species. 



Birds. 193 

Fl. 133. Otis afra, Forst., Descr. A mm., p. 51 (1844 : Cape 
of Good Hope). 
Is Compsotis afra (Forst.) [^]; Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiii., 
p. 293. 
Latham's White-eared Bustard (Gen. Syn., ii., pt. 2, p. 802, 
pi. bdz.) is founded on " a pair in the possession of Sir Joseph 
Banb"(aiid^ Otis afra, Gm. Syst. Nat., i., p. 724). 

PL 134. The two figures on this plate are apparently the 

female and young male of Oompsotis afra, 
PL 135. Tetrao capensis, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 400 (1844 ; 
Soath Africa). 
= Francciinus capensis (Gm.) {cf Ogilvie-Grant, Cat. B., 
xxiL, p. 165). 
The type of Latham's " Cape Partridge" (Gen. Syn., ii., pt. 2, 
p. 756) was in the British Museum. 

PL 136. Columha leucaphrys, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 168 
(1844: Otaheitee). 
= Pklagcena8 erythroptera (Gm.) ; cf Salvad., Cat. B., 
XXL, p. 600 [ffide po$tea, p. 205, for Latham's Garnet- 
winged Pigeon, described from a specimen in the 
Leverian Museum]. 
"Tahiti" 
PL 137. Columba argeirtea, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 80 
(1844 : New Zealand). 
= Hemiphaga novse zealandise (Gm.) {cf Salvad., 

Cat B., xxi, p. 236). 

" Dusky Bay, N.Z., April 3, 1773. Harreroo:' 

^ seems to be the type of Latham's <*New Zealand 

Kgeon" (Gen. Syn., ii., pt. 2, p. 640), as he gives Forster's 

no^ bat does not mention the Banksian specimens or drawings. 

PI. 138. Columba ocanihuray Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 264 

(1844 : Tanna). 
Latliam describes this species as among Sir Joseph Banks' 
drawings, but he refers to it as a variety of his " Hooked-billed 
Pigeon," with which it has nothing to do. He names it Columha 
tanemii in his '* Index Omithologicus," vol. ii., p. 600, =Ptilopu8 
fafnentit (Lath.) {cf Salvad., Cat. B., xxi., p. 127). 

PL 139. Columba glcbicera, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 166 

(1844 : Tonga-Tabu et Eavowe : Otaheitee). 
I am inclined to think that this figure represents Columba 
ptMfieay GuL {Olcbicera pacijica, Salvad., Cat. B., xxi., p. 173), 
ibongh Count Salvadori seems to entertain some doubt about it. 
▼OL. IL 



194 Zoology. 

The plate is the type of Columha forateri, Wagler, Isis, 1829, 
p. 739. 

PL 140 = 9 Columba porphyracea, Forst., Descr. Anim., 
p. 167 (1844: Tropical Islands). 
Is Ptilopua porphyraceuSf Salvad., Cat. B., xzL, p. 100. 
** Taheiti. Oo-oo-pa." 
PL 141. Ditto, ditto. Male. 

PL 142. Columba ferrugineay Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 265 
(1844 : Tanna). 
" Tanna, ? , 17th August, 1774." 
This plate was examined by Count Salvadori, who was 
unable to identify the species (c/. Salvad., Cat. B., xxL, p. 605). 
PL 143. Alauda littorea, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 90 (1844 : 
New Zealand). 
= Anthus novse zealandise (Gm.) ; c/. Sharpe^ Cat. B. Brit. 

Mus., X., p. 616. 
" Kogoo ur6are." 
The " New Zealand Lark " of Latham (Gen. Syn., iL, pt 2, 
p. 384, pL IL) was founded on this plate, << from Sir Joseph 
Banks' Drawings." The figure is therefore the type of A. novm 
zealandise (Gm. ex Lath.). 

PL 144. Stumus carunculaiua, Forster, Descr. Anim., p. 81 
(1844 : New Zealand). 
= Creadian carunculaius (Gm.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B., ill, 
p. 144. 
See Latham's description of his " Wattled Stare," where he 
refers to Dr. Forster's notes. 

PL 145. Loaici /urdfw, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 85 (1844 : New 
Zealand). 
= Tumagra crassiroetris (Gm.) ; cf, Sharpe, Cat. B., viL, 

p. 4. 
" Dusky Bay, Queen Charlotte's Sound, April 4, 1773." 
PL 146. Turdus hadius, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 239 (1844: 
Oriadea). 
= Turdua uUeterutia, Gm. ; cf. Seebohm, Cat. B.,y., p. 276, 
note. Aplonis inomatay Sharpe, Cat. B., xiiL, p. 135, 
note. 
" Raietea, ? , June 1, 1774." 
Mr. Seebohm (I.e.) considered this figure to be that of a 
Merula, and he gave a figure of it in the fifth volume of the 
" Catalogue," adding a yellow eyelid, which is not in Forster^s 
picture. I cannot identify the species for certain (cf. Cat. B., 
xiii., p. 276, note), but I have little doubt that it is the " Bay 



Birds. 195 

Tlinish"of Latham's " General Synopsis" (iL, pt. 1, p. 35), und^ 
IMtu uUetensiSy Gm. The specimen is said to be ''in the 
collection of Sir Joseph Banks." 

PL 147 A. Turdus pJkenicurus, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 404 
(1844 ; Cape of Good Hope). 
= Cossypha caffra (Linn.) ; cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., vii., p. 39. 
PI. H7b. Turdus aordidulus, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 404 
(1844 : Cape of Good Hope). 
= Saxicola familiarisy Stephens. 
PL 148. Turdus ochrotarsus, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 82 
(1844: New Zealand). "No. 3. N.Z., Dusky Bay, 
March 28th, 1773." 
Sir Walter Buller, in his "Supplement" to the " Birds of New 
Zealand "(p. 123), separates Miro ochrotarsus from M. albifrons 
(Gm.) (c/. Sharpe, Cat. B. Brit. Mus., iv., p. 235). 

He admits two distinct forms of Miro as inhabiting the South 
Island of New Zealand, viz., M, albifrons, Gm., " with the 
under parts rufescent," and M, ochrotarsus (Forster), " with 
almost the entire under parts pale lemon-yellow, and a con- 
^icaoos spot of white on the forehead." 

Forster's Turdus ochrotarsus is described as having the breast, 
abdomen and vent pale " rufescent." 

Latham's White-fronted Thrush (Gen. Syn., ii., pt. 1, p. 71) is 
described from a specimen, in Sir Joseph Banks' collection, from 
"Dusky Bay, New Zealand." It is said to have "the under 
parts dirty yellowish buff-colour." From this it would appear 
that Miro ochrotarsus (Forster) is identical with M, alhifrons 
(Gen. Syst. Nat., i., p. 822) founded on Latham's "White- 
fronted Thrush," both having rufescent or buff under parts 
Sir Walter Buller's M. ochrotarsus {nee Forster) with the lemon- 
coloured belly requires a new name, which I propose to call 

PI. 149. Turdus minutus, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 83 (1844 : 
New Zealand). 
= Petroeca macrocephala (Gm.) ; cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., 
p. 1 76. " Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand." 
The type of the " Great-headed Tit " of Latham (Gen. Syn., 
ii'} p. 557, pi. Iv.) is founded on specimens in Sir Joseph Banks 
collection. 

PL 150. " Turdus diabaphus," 

Museicapa diahaplia, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 267 (1844: 
Norfolk Island). 

o 2 



196 Zoology. 

= Petrceca multicolor (Gm.), founded on the Bed-bellied 
Flycatcher of Latham (Gen. Syn., iL, pt. 1, p. 343, 
pi. 50), *< in Sir Joseph Banks' collection/' probably the 
same specimen as was figured by Forster ; cf. Sharpe, 
Cat. B., iv., p. 168. 
"Norfolk Island, ^, 11th Oct., 1774." 
PI. 151. Turdu8 xanthopusy Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 266 (1844 : 
New Caledonia). 
= Merula xanthopus (Forst.) ; c/. Seebohm, Cat. B., v., p. 
276 ; Sharpe in Seebohm's Monogr. Turdid., ii., p. 139, 
pi. 126. 
This figure represents the type of the species. 
PI. 152. Loxia oryx, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 53 (1844). 

= Pyromelana oryx (Linn.); cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., ziii.,p. 230. 
PI. 153. " Loxia pulchella" FringiUa pulelieUa, Forst., Descr. 
Anim., p. 273 (1844: New Caledonia). 
= Eryihrura psiitacea (Gm.) ; cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., xiiL, p. 382. 
"New Caledonia." 
The "Parrot Finsch" of Latham (Gen. Syn. iL, part 1, 
p. 287, pi. xlviii.) is founded on Forster's specimens. "Hiis is a 
most beautiful species, and was shot by Dr. J. R. Forster at 
New Caledonia." 

PI. 154. Fringilla Wcincto, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 405 (1844 : 

Cape of Good Hope). 
This is the figure on which Latham founded his description 
of the White-cheeked Finch (Gen. Syn., ii., part 1, p. 278, 1783, 
= Fringilla nsstna, Gmelin, Syst. Nat., i., part 2, p. 911, 1788). 
Latham says : " Inhabits the Cape of Good Hope. From a 
drawing in the possession of Sir Joseph Banks." This is 
Fringillaria capenais (Linn.). 

PL 154. Muscicapa cfuWa, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 406 (1844 : 
Cape of Good Hope). 
= Sphenceacus africanus (Gm.) ; cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., yiL, 
p. 95. 
PL 155. Muscicapa ventilahrwny Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 86 
(1844 : New Zealand). 
= Bhipidura flahellifera (Gm.) ; cf, Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., 
p. 308. 
"Dusky Bay, N.Z., March 28, 1773." 

A note on the plate says : " Fan-tailed Flycatcher, LatL, 
Gen. Syn., ii., p. 340, no. 33, tab. 49, from this drawing," 
Latham seems to have seen more than one specimen, and does 
not specify where his type came from. 



Birds. 197 

PL 156. Lateoos Flycatcher, Lath., Oen. Syo., ii., pt. 1., 
p. 342 (founded on Forster's drawing), Mwcicapa ItUea^ 
Gm., S. N., p. 944 ; Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 169 (1844 : 
Otaheitee), and M. atra, Forst., te., p. 171. 
Is Pomarea nigra (Sparrm.) ; cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., 
p. 434. 
PL 157. Muscicapa chloris, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 87 (1844 : 
New Zealand). 
= CUtanyx ochrocephdla (6m.) ; cf, Sharpe, Hand-list B., 

iv., p. 1. 
"Queen Charlotte's Sound." 
Latham specifically mentions that his description of his 
Yellow-headed Flycatcher (Gen. Syn., ii., pt. 1, p. 342) was 
token from a drawing in the Banksian Collection. 

PL 158. Mtudeapa heieroclita, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 271 
(1844 : Tana). 
= Zotteropa flavifrana (Gm.) ; cf, Sharpe, Cat B., ix., 

p. 187. 
"Tana, Aug. 7, 1774." 
iMham's "Yellow-fronted Flycatcher" was founded on 
Forster's drawing, or on specimens in Sir Joseph Banks' Museum. 
PL 159. Mu8cieapa nsevia, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 269 (1844 : 
New Caledonia). 
Is Sjfmmorphus namus (Gm.) ; cf Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., p. 1 10. 
This is the figure on which the name of the species was 
fottttdei It is the " Naevous Flycatcher," Lath., Gen. Syn., ii., 
pt l,p. 343 (1783), = Mwdcapa nsevia, Gm., Syst. Nat., p. 944. 
PL 160. MotaciUa gracuUiy Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 324 
(1844 : Tierra del Fuego). 
= (Xnclodes pataganicus (Gm.) ; Sclater, Cat. B., xv., p. 22. 
Latham's "Patagonian Warbler" is described from a 
i^wcdmen in the Leverian Museum. 

Pis. 161, 162. Mot<icilla seiicaudci^ Forst., Descr. Anim., 

p. 328 (1844 : Tierra del Fuego). 
A MS. note on Plate 161 quotes Latham's reference, and 
•<U8: "From this figure and the following." 

Is the Thorn-tailed Warbler, Lath., Gen. Syn., ii., part 2, 
p. 463, tab. 62. " Inhabits Tierra del Fuego. In the 
collection of Sir Joseph Banks." Motacilla spinicaudu, 
Gm., Syst. Nat., i., part 2, p. 978 : Oxyurus spinicaudaj 
ScL, Cat. B., XY., p. 30 : Aphrastura apinicauda, Sharpe, 
Hand-list B., iii, p. 51. 
" Tierra del Fuego, December 21, 1774." 



198 Zoology. 

PI. 163. Motacilla magellanica, Forat., Descr. Anim., p. 326 
(1844 : Tierra del Fuego). 
= Sqftalopus mageUanicus (Gm.) ; cf, Scl., Cat. B., xv., 

p. 338). 
"Tierra del Fuego, ?, 28th December, 1774." 
This drawing is the type of the Magellanic Warbler, Lath., 
Gen. Syn., ii., part 2, p. 464 (from Sir J. Banks' drawings). 
PI. 164. Motacilla citrinella^ Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 89 
(1844: New Zealand). 
Citrine Warbler, Lath., Gen. Syn., ii., part 2, p. 464 (from 

Sir J. Banks' drawings). 
" Dusky Bay, New Zealand." 
This is the type of Motacilla citrina, Gm., founded on 
Latham's "Citrine Warbler." The drawing would appear to 
represent an adult female, according to the identifications of 
Mr. Ogilvie-Grant ("Ibis," 1905, pp. 595, 596). 

PI. 165. Motacilla longipes, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 88 
(1844 : New Zealand). 
= Xenicu8 longipes (Gm.) ; ScL, Cat. B., xiv., p. 452. 
This figure is the type, on which Latham founded the name 
and description of his " Long-legged Warbler " ; cf. Gen. Syn., ii., 
part 2, p. 465 (= Motacilla longipes, Gm., ex Lath.). He says 
that it was taken from Sir J. Banks' drawings. He also gives 
the locality. Dusky Bay, New Zealand, and the native name, 
E Teetee tee poinom, evidently copied from this plate. 

PI. 166. Parua urostigma, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 90 (1844 : 
New Zealand). 
= Certhiparus fwvse zealandim (Gm.) ; tf. Gadow, Cat. B., 

viii., p. 76. 
*' Dusky Bay. Native name T5e te>e." 
This figure represents Latham's description of the New 
Zealand Titmouse, Gen. Syn., ii., part 2, p. 558 (undd Farm 
novsB zealandise, Gm.). Latham mentions that it was taken from 
Banks' Drawings, and therefore Forster's plate becomes the 
type of the species. 

PI. 167. Hirundo pyrrholeemaf Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 241 
(1844 : Otahaitee). 
= Hirundo tahiiica, Gm. ; cf, Sharpe and Wyatt, Monogr. 

Hirundinidae, i., p. 275. 
" Taheite." 
Latham speaks of having seen a specimen in the ooUection of 
Sir J. Banks, and on this he founded the description of his 
" Otaheite Swallow." 



Birds. 199 

PL 168. Eimndo perumana, Forst., Descr. Anim., p. 240 

(1844: Otaheitee). 
This figure is intended to represent ColhcMa francica (Gm.) ; 
^. Hartert, Cat. B. Brit. Mus., xvi., p. 502 (note). 

Ellis' Drawings. 

William W. Ellis accompanied Capt. Cook on his third 
TDjage, as an artist. His Drawings of Birds consist of 96 
illastrations, mostly coloured, and are very passably executed 
(ef. Hist. Coll. Brit. Mus., I., Libraries, p. 35). 

H. 7. Oriental Falcon, Lath., Gen. Syn., i., p. 34 (1781); 
"in the possession of Mr. Banks." 
undi Falco arientalisy Gm., Syst. Nat., L, p. 264 (1788) 

(cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., i., p. 376). 
"Flew on board off Japan. W. W. Ellis ad viv. del. et 
pinx., 1779." 
A joang Peregrine Falcon. 

PL 8. Sirix funerea. 

= Surma funerea (Linn.) {cf. Cat. B., ii., p. 131). 
Sandwich Sound, N.W. Coast of America. 

H. 9. Tabuan Shrike, Lath., Gen. Syn., i., p. 164 (1781). 
undft Lanius tahuenns, Gm., Syst. Nat., i., p. 306 (1788). 

ApUmis iabuensis, Sharpe, Cat. B., xiii., p. 130. 
"The Friendly Isles, 1778." 
The Tabuan Shrike was described by Latham from a 
^^edmen from Tongatabu in the Leverian Museum, probably 
the identical one figured by Ellis. 

PL 10. « Pulo Condore. W. Ellis ad viv. delin» et pinx., 1780." 
= CiUoeineMa suavis (Scl.) {cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., vii., p. 85). 

PI. 11. Parrakeet. " From Middleburgh." 

On the plate is written in MS. : " Lath., vol. L, p. 214, no. 16." 
On referring to this volume we find the Tabuan Parrot figured 
(PL vii.), =^Pntt4icu8 tahuenns, Gm., Syst. Nat., i., p. 317 (1788), 
-Pyrrktdopns iahuensU (Gm.) ; cf. Salvad., Cat. B., xx., p. 494. 

Another MS. note on Ellis' plate refers the species to 
PiiHaeiu hysginus, of Forster, which Count Salvadori thinks may 
^ve been intended for the bird now called Pyrrhulopsis kordoensis, 
lAjard (cf. Salvad., <.c., p. 496). This may be the case, but 
^ ^^m is not P. tdbuenais, as there is no sign of a blue 
ooUar. 



200 Zoology. 

PI. 12. A red-fronted Parrakeet. Identified in MSS. a^ 
Paittacua pacijicua, Forster, which is Oyanarhampkut^ 
novse zealandiae (Sparrm.) (c/. Salvad., Cat. B., zx., 
p. 581). 
" New Zealand." " W. W. Ellis ad viv. delin. et pinx., 
1777. 
Latham founded his "Pacific Parrakeet" (Gen. Syn., i., 
p. 252, 1781) on a specimen in the Leverian Museum. His 
" Var. A " came from New Zealand. 

PI. 13. Identified as PaittacuB eueJUoriay Forster. It is the 
" Blue-crested Parrakeet " of Latham, Gen. Syn., L, p. 
254 (1781), described from a specimen in the Leyerian 
Museum, probably the same as that figured by Ellis. 
= Vint auatralia (Gm.) (c/. Salvad., <.c., p. 43). 
" Friendly Isles." " W. W. Ellis ad viv. etc., 1778." 
PL 14. Identified as Paittacua aapphirinua, Forster. 

Otaheitan Blue Parrakeet, Latham, <.c., p. 255, = PaUta- 

cua taitianua, Gm., Syst. Nat., L, p. 329 (1788). 
= Coriphilua taittanua (Gm.) (c/*. Salvad., i.e., p. 46). 
" Otaheitee. W. W. Ellis delS etc., 1778." 
PI. 15. Identified as Paittacua hypopoUuay Forster. 

Is the " Southern Brown Parrot " of Latham (Gen. Syn., 

i., p. 264), from the Leverian Museum. 
= Nestor meridlonalia (Gm.) (c/. Salvad., <.c., p. 5). 
" New Zealand." 
PI. 16. Named, apparently by G. R. Gray, and quite correctly, 
Platycercua flaviventria (Temm.) (c/. Salvad., Cat. B., 
XX., p. 545). 
"Adventure Bay, New Holland. W. W. Ellis ad vivum 
delin: pinxit: 1777." 
PL 17. A pencil sketch of a Drongo {Diaaemurua), " Princes 

Island and Pulo Condore." 
PL 18. Pacific Thrush, Lath. 

= Lalage pacifica (Gm.) (c/. Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., p. 97). 

"Friendly Isles. W. W. Ellis ad vivum delin. et 

pinx., 1778." 

The Pacific Thrush was described by Latham (Gen. Syn., ii, 

pt. i., p. 38, 1783), from a specimen in Banks' collection, doubtless 

the one from which Ellis drew his figure. 

PL 19. Is Colaptea auratua (linn.) {cf. Hargitt, Cat. B., 
xviiL, p. 12). 
" King George's Sound. W. Ellis del., etc., 1778." 



Birds. 201 

PI. 20. Is Picoides americanuSj Brehm. (ef. Hargitt, Cat. B., 
xviii., p. 279). 
"Norton Sound. W. W. Ellis ad viv. del., etc., 1778." 
R 21. Is Sitia europea^ Linn., from *' Kamtschatka. W. 

Ellis del, etc., 1779." 
lliis would be the form named by Taczanowski Sitia altnfrona, 
which Br. Hartert (Vog. Pal. Fauna, Heft iii., p. 331) recognises 
18 SiUa europea aUnfrons, 

R 22. Is apparently a figure of Todirhamphus mglesuwrthi, 
Sharpe, which is T. tutus, Sharpe et auct. passim 
(nee 6m.), and is the same as T. veneraius (Gm.). 
See my remarks. 

"Otaheite. W. W. Ellis ad viv. delin., etc., 1777." 
Latham's description was taken from a specimen in the 
Lererian Museum, probably the very one drawn by Ellis. 

PI. 23. Is the " Respected Kin^her," Lath., Gen. Syn., i., 
pt. 2, p. 624 (1781). 
= Todirhamphus tutua (Gm.) (c/. Sharpe, Cat. B., xvii., 

p. 291) = T. veneratus (Gm.). 
"Friendly and Society Isles. Otaheitee — Erooroo. Ulietea 
— Tautoria. W. Ellis " (no date). 
Latham's description may have been taken from Ellis' 
Drawing, but does not quite agree. 

H. 24. Is Pramerops cafer (Linn.) (c/. Gadow, Cat. B., ix., 
p. 283). 
"Cape of Good Hope." 
PI. 25. Is Proathemadera novse-zealandise (Gm.) (c/. Gadow, 
Cat. B., ix., p. 257). " Certhia circinnata, Forst." is 
written in pencil on the plate. 
PI. 26. Is Moho nohilis (Merrem) (c/. Gadow, Cat., ix., p. 284). 
"Sandwich Isles. W. W. ElHs delin. et pinx. ad viv., 
1779." 
Described as the "Yellow-tufted Bee-eater" by Latham 
(Gen. Syn., i, pt. 2, p, 683 (1784)). 

^ULerops niger, Gm., Syst. Nat., i., p. 465 (1788). 

Cf, Acrulocercu8 nchilis, Wilson and Evans, Av. Hawai- 

enses, p. 105, pL 40. 

H. 27. Is Drepanis pacifica (Gm.) (cf, Sharpe, Cat. B., x., p. 6). 

"Sandwich Isles. W. W. Ellis ad vivum delin. et pinx., 

1779." Cf. Wilson and Evans, Av. Hawaienses, p. 3, 

pi. 3). 

™ 28. Hemignaihus ohacurw (Gm.) (ef. Sharpe, Cat. B., x., 

p. i). 



202 Zoology. 

*' Sandwich Isles. W. W. Ellis, ad viv. delin : et pinx 
1779." 
Gmelin's Certhia ohacura (Syst. Nat., i, p. 470, 1788), i 
founded on the " Hook-hilled Creeper " of Latham, (Jen. Syn., i. 
pt. 2, p. 703, pi. xxxiii., fig. 1 (1782). The type was in th« 
Leverian Museum, and at the sale of the latter was purchasei 
hy the Earl of Derby, and is now in the liyerpool Museum. 

On this plate is founded Gray's name of Drepanis eUtsiam 
(Cat. B., Trop. IsL, p. 9). Cf. Wilson And Evans, Av. Hawaiensec 
p. 67, pi. 28. 

PI. 29. Is Vestiaria coccinea (G. Forster) {cf. Sharpe, Cat. B. 
X., p. 6). 
"Sandwich Isles. W. W, Ellis ad viv. delin. et pinx. 
1779." Cf. Wilson and Evans, <.c., p. 9, pis. 5, 6. 
PL 30. Crimson Creeper, Latham, Gen. Syn., L, pt. 2, p. 73 
(1882). 

= Himatione sanguinea (Gm.) {cf Sharpe, Cat. B., x., p. 8 

"Sandwich Isles. W. W. Ellis ad viv. delin. et pinx 

1779." 

Described by Latham from a specimen in the Leveria 

Museum, doubtless the same one as that drawn by Elli 

Cf Wilson and Evans, i.e., p. 19, pi. 8. 

PL 31. Olive-green Creeper, Lath., Gen. Syn., i., pt. 2, p. 74 
(1782 ; specimen in Leverian Museum). 
= Himaiione virens (Gm.) {cf Sharpe, Cat. B., x., p. 9). 
"Sandwich Isles. W. W. Ellis ad viv., etc., 1779 
Cf Wilson and Evans, i.e., p. 29, pi. 14. 
PL 32. Is Selasphorus rufua (Gm.) {cf Salvin, Cat. B., xvi 
p. 392). 
" King George's Sound." 
PL 33. « Anas hyemalis. Kamtschatka. W. W. Ellis ad vi\ 
etc., 1779." 
Is Harelda glacialts (Linn.) {cf Salvad., Cat. B., xxvi 
p. 389). 
PL 34. " Anas histrionica, Kamtschatka." 

= Cosmonetta histrionica (Linn.) ; Salvad., Cat. B., xxvi 
p. 395. 
PL 35. " Anas stelleri, Kamtschatka." 

= Heniconeita sielleri (Pall.); Salvad., Cat. p., xxvi 
p. 419. 
PL 36. Is Merganser serrator (Linn.) ; Salvadori, Cat. B., xxvi 
p. 479. 
" Sandwich Sound, N.W. coast, America." 



Birds. 203 

a 37. Is Lunda cirrhata (Pall.) ; Grant, Cat. B., xxvi., p. 612. 
"Coast between Asia and America. W. Ellis ad vivum 
delin. et pinx., 1778." 
PL 38. Is 8tmorhynchu8 eristatellua (Pall.) ; Grant, Cat. B., 
xxvL, p. 601. 
"Bird Island, between Asia and America. W. Ellis ad 
yivum, etc., 1778." 
R 39. Giant Petrel, Lath., Gen. Syn. iiL, pt. 2, p. 396, 
pL c. (1785). 
= Osnfraga gigantea (Gm.) ; Salvin, Cat. B., xxv., p. 422. 
" Island of Desolation. W. Ellis ad vivum, etc., 1776." 
FL 40. Is a species of Puffinus. 

"Amongst the ice." 
PL 41. Apparently a Dtamedea of some sort (</• Salvin, 
Cat B., XXV., p. 441). 
"Amongst the Ice. W. W. Ellis ad vivum, etc., 1779." 
PL 42. A grey Ossifraga gigantea, 

"Amongst the Ice. W. W. Ellis, etc., 1779." 
Pl.43. Is Prion desolaius (Gm.) (c/. Salvin, Cat. B., xxv., 
p. 434). 
"Island of Desolation. W. W. Ellis ad viv., etc., 1776." 
PL 44. Diamedea exulans (linn.) {cf. Salvin, Cat. B., xxv., 
p. 441). 
"At sea between Van Diemen's Land and New Zealand." 
PL 45. Two figures of Gatarrha^tes chrysocome (Forst.) ; 
Ghrant, Cat. B., xxvi., p. 636. 
" Island of Desolation. W. W. Ellis ad vivum, etc., 1776." 
PL 46. Aptenodiftes paiaganicoy Forst. ; Grant, Cat. B., xxvi., 
p. 627. 
"Island of Desolation." 
PL 47. Head of Sula cyancps, Sundev. ; Grant, Cat. B., xxvi., 
p. 430. 
"Turtle Island. W. W. Ellis ad vivum, etc., 1777." 
PL 48. A small figure with head and egg (full-size) of 
Phaethm rvhricauda, Bodd. ; Grant, Cat. B., xxvi., p. 451. 
"Pahnerston Island. W. Ellis ad vivum, etc., 1777." 
PL 49. Is Uria grylle (linn.) ; Grant, Cat. B., xxvi., p. 673. 

"Unalaahka. W. Ellis ad vivum, etc., 1778." 
PL 50. Is Uria lomoia (Pall.) ; Grant, i.e., p. 577. 
"IJnalashka. W. Ellis ad vivum, etc., 1778." 
^ 51. Is Bisia tridaciyla (Linn.), Saunders, Cat. B., xxv., 
p. 305. 
"Kamtschatka. W. Ellis ad vivum, etc., 1778." 



204 Zoology. 

PL 52. Is apparently Larus vegm, Stejn. ; Saanders, Gat 
XXV., p. 270. 
" Kamtschatka. W. W. Ellis ad viv., etc., 1779." 
PL 53. Is Anou8 stolidus (Gm.) ; Saunders, Cat. B., xxv., p. \ 

" Palmerston Island." 
PL 54. Is apparently Sterna vittata, 6m. ; Saunders, Cat 
XXV., p. 51. 
" Island of Desolation. W. W. Ellis ad viv., etc., 17 
Latham's "Wreathed Tern" (Gen, Syn., iii., pt. 2, p. 
1785), on which Gmelin founded his Sterna vitiata^ was 
to be from Sir Joseph Banks' collection. Christmas Idan 
a misprint for Christmas Harbour, Kerguelen Land, as has 1 
pointed out by Mr. Howard Saunders (Z.c). 
PL 55. Sterna serrata, Forst. 

= Sterna fuliginoaa, Gm. ; Saunders, Cat. B., xxv., p. 
" Turtle Island. W. W. Ellis ad viv., etc., 1778." 
PL 56. White Tern, Lath., Gen. Syn., iii., pt. 2, p. 363 (1 
from a specimen in the Leverian Museum). 
Is Qygis Candida (Gm.) ; Saunders, Cat. B., xxv., p. 
" Turtle Island. W. W. Ellis ad viv., etc., 1778." 
PL 57. Sterna frontalis, Gray ; Saunders, Cat. B., xxv., p 
" At Sea between New Zealand and Modieu. W 
Ellis ad viv., etc., 1777." 
The name of Sterna striata of Gmelin is founded on 
" Striated Tern," Lath., Gen. Syn., iii., p. 358, pi. 98. The 
is described from Sir Joseph Banks' Drawings, and Lath 
figure is certainly adapted from Ellis' Drawing. S. 9t 
appears to supersede S, frontalis as a name for the species. 
PL 58. Is Demiegretta sacra (Gm.) (white phase) ; Shi 
Cat. B., xxvL, p. 137. 
" Friendly Isles." 
The Sacred Heron of Latham (Gren. Syn., iii., pt. 1, p 
1785), was described from a specimen in the collectio 
Sir Joseph Banks, from Otaheite. 

PL 59. Is Ohionarchus minor (Hartl.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B., s 
p. 712. 
" Kerguelens Land. W. Ellis ad viv., etc., 1776." 
PL 60. Is probably Limonites minutiUa (VieilL); Sh 
Cat B., xxiv., p. 548. 
"King George's Sound. W. Ellis ad vivum, etc., 17^ 
PL 61. Is Pelidna americana (Cass.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B., 3 
p. 608. 
'< King George's Sound. W. W. Ellis ad viv., etc., I 



Birds. • 205 

FL 62. Is Heieraditis incanua (Gm.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., 
p, 453. 
"King George's Sound. W. W. Ellis ad viv., etc., 
1778." 
PL 63. Is Phalaropus hyperhoreua (Linn.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B., 
xxiv., p. 698. 
" Between Asia and America. W. Ellis ad vivum, etc., 
1778." 
FL 64. Is Shycieophiku glareola (Gm.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., 
p. 491. 
"Christmas Isla W. W. Ellis ad viv., etc., 1778." 
PL 65. Pro8ob<mia ellisi, Sharpe. 

" Eimeo or York Isle. * Tete.' " 
Thia species is now believed to be extinct, and the only 
fpecunen of Pro9ohania known is in the Leyden Museum ; cf. 
SchL, Mqs. Pays Bas, Scolopaoes, p. 18 (1864) ; see antea, p. 190, 
where I have described Ellis' figure as P. ellisi, 

PL 66. Is Aphriza virgata (Gm.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., 
p. 208. 
"Sandwich Sound." 
PL 67. Is JSgialiiia cucullatus (Yieill.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiv., 
p. 302. 
"Adventure Bay. W. Ellis, ad vivum, 1777." 
PL 68 = Charadrius dominicusy P. L. S. Miill. ; Sharpe, Cat. 
B., xxiv., p. 195. 
"Christmas Isle. W. W. Ellis ad viv., 1778." 
PI. 69 = Oallinula aandwichensis, Streets. ; Sharpe, Cat. B., 
zxiii., p. 180. 
"Sandwich Isles." Cf. Scott Wilson and Evans, Av. 
Hawaienses, p. 156, pi. 55 (1893). 
PL 70. Pennula sandwichenM (Gm.). 

"Sandwich Isles. W. W. Ellis ad viv., etc." 
QT. Wikon and Evans, Av. Haw., p. 175, pi. 57. Here the 
whde question of these small Crakes (Pennula) is discussed, 
aad Ellis' plate is reproduced for comparison with P. wiUoni, 
fbutk 

H. 71. Is PUogomaa erythroptera (Gm.); Salvad., Cat. B., 

xxi., p. 600. 

" York Isle or Eimeo." " Oo^x) widou. W. W. Ellis ad 

viv., etc., 1777." 

The plate has been identified as Columha pectaralis by some 

«, probably G. R. Gray (cf. Cat. B., Trop. Isl., p. 44). 

I't^bim's type d his " Garnet-winged Pigeon " was from Eimeo, 



206 Zoology. 

and was in the Leverian Museum ; it was probably the ; 
specimen figured by Ellis from Sir J. Banks' collection. 
PI. 72. lAGlohicerapacifica{Qcm,)\ Salvad.,Cat. B.,xxi.,i 
" Friendly Isles. W. W. Ellis ad viv., etc., 1778." 
PI. 73. Is the "Wattled Stare," Latham, Gen. Syi 
part 1, p. 9, pi. 36 (1783), described from a spe 
in the Leverian Museum. 
= Creadion carunculaius (Gm.); Sharpe, Cat. B., iii., p 
" New Zealand. W. W. Ellis ad vivum, etc, 1777: 
PL 74. Fig. 1 = HesperocieUa nmvia (Gm.) ; cf. Seel 
Cat. B., v., p. 176. 
" King George's Sound. W. Ellis ad vivum, etc., V 
PL 74. Fig. 2 is TurduB migratariua, Linn. ; ef. Seebohm 
B., v., p. 220. 
" King George's Sound." 
PL 75. Is Calliope calliope (Pall.) ; ef. Seebohm, Cat. ] 
p. 305. 
" Kamtschatka. W. Ellis ad viv., etc., 1779." 
PL 76. Is Tatare longiroatris (Gm.) ; cf. Sharpe, Cat. B. 
p. 525 ; id., Handl. B., iv., p. 189. 
" Eimeo or York Island." 
The type of Latham's " Long-billed Thrush " was from £ 
and he mentions several other specimens as being in S 
Banks' collection from York Island. The species was desc 
from a specimen in the Leverian Museum. From one of 
birds Ellis' figure was doubtless taken. 

PL 77. Is PhseomiM chscura (Gm.), founded on the I 
Flycatcher of Latham, Gen. Syn., ii., pt. 1, p. 
(1783), described from a specimen in the Le^ 
Museum, probably the very specimen figured by £ 
" Sandwich Isles." 
PL 78. Is Chraucalua parvirosirisj Gould ; Sharpe, Cat. B 
p. 32. 
" Adventure Bay, Van Diemen's Land. W. W. El 
viv., etc., 1777." 
PL 79. Is the "Parrot-billed Grosbeak" of Latham < 
Syn., u., pt. 1, p. 108, pi. 42, 1783), described fr 
specimen in the Leverian Museum. 
= Psittirostra psittacea (Gm.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B., x., j 
" Sandwich Isles. W. W. Ellis, etc., 1779." 
PL 80. Is Calcarius lapponicus (Linn.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B. 
p. 579. 
" Unalaschka. W. W. Ellis, etc., 1778." 



Birds. 207 

PL 81. Is Zonoirichia coranata (PalL) ; Sharpe, Cat. B., xii., 
p. 600. 
"Sandwich Sound W. Ellis ad vivum, etc. 1778." 
R 82. Represents the $ of Z. coronata, with nest and eggs 

figured. 
R 83. Is ManHfringiUa brunneinucha (Brandt) ; Sharpe, Cat. 
B., xiL, p. 278. 
"Off the coast of Japan. W. W. Ellis ad viv., etc., 1775." 
R 84. Is a 9 Brambling, Fringilla montifringiUa, L. ; 
Sharpe, Cat. B., xiL, p. 178. 
"Off the coast of Japan. W. W. Ellis ad viv., 1779." 
R85. Is a ^ Loxopa eoccinea (Gm.); Sharpe, Cat. B., x., 
p. 50. 
"Sandwich Isles. W. W. Ellis ad. viv., etc., 1779." 
R 86. This figure has been identified in MSS. on the plate 
as Turdua minuius of Forster. 
= PeiroBca macrocepJuda (Gm.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., 

p. 176. 
"New Zealand. W. W. Ellis ad. viv., etc., 1777." 
This identification seems to me to be wrong, and Ellis' figure 
if more like Pelrceea ioitoi (Garn.), though the white used for 
eokmring the under parts has changed to a dull brown. 

R 87. Is ClumempU sandffieensiM (Gm.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., 
p. 232. 
"Sandwich Isles. W. W. Ellis ad. viv., etc., 1779." 
The "Sandwich Flycatcher" of Latham (Gen. Syn., ii., pt. 1, 
p. 344, 1783) was founded on a specimen *< in the collection of 
Sir Joseph Banks," perhaps the identical' one figured by Ellis. 
R 88. Is apparently WiUonia punlla (Wils.) ; Sharpe, Cat. 
B., X., p. 435. 
"Between Asia and America. W. W. Ellis ad. viv., etc., 

1778." 
Cf. Ridgw., Birds, N. and Middle America, ii. 
^ 89. Is tyanecula guceica (Linn.). 

EryihacuB ecertdeculua, Seebohm, Cat. B., v., p. 308. 
"On the ice." 
R. 90. Is Saxieola cBnanthe (Linn.) ; Seebohm, Cat. B., v., 
p. 391. 
"On the ice. W. Ellis ad viv., etc., 1778." 
PL 91. Young WagtaiL 

"Caught on board, lat. 66^ W. W. Ellis ad viv., etc. 
1778." 
^K^weatly a young Mataeilla flaffa. 



208 Zoology. 

PI. 92 = Tatare sequinoctialia (Lath.) ; Sharpe, Cat. B., m, 
p. 528. 
AcrocephaluB sequinoctialiSy Sharpe, HandL B., iy., p. 190. 
" Christmas Isle. W. W. Ellis ad viv., 1778." 
Latham described this bird (€^n. Syn., Suppl. i., p. 187) from 
the papers of Mr. Anderson, and does not mention Ellis' Drawiqgi 
or Sir Joseph Banks' collection. 

PI. 93. Fig. 1. Paru8 insularis, HeUmayr (c/. Hartert, Va^. 
Pal. Fauna, i., p. 359). 
Fig. 2. Parus minoTy Temm. (c/. Hartert, <.c., p. 346). 
" Coast of Japan. W. W. Ellis ad viv., 1779." 
PI. 94. Is Parua hudaonicuSy Forst. (c/. Hellmajr, Tierr. 
Paridae, p. 71). 
" Norton Sound. W. W. Ellis ad viv., 1778." 
PI. 95 = Mqluru8 cyaneus (Ellis) ; Cat. B., iv., p. 286. 

"Adventure Bay. W. W. Ellis ad viv., 1777." 
This is the Tasmanian Superb Warbler, described by me in- 
1879 in the "Catalogue of Birds" (iv., p. 287) as MahimM 
gouMi, This must now be called Malurus cyaneua (Elhs), ao<^ 
the Australian species, hitherto called M. cyaneua by anthon^ 
must bear the name of M, superhus (Shaw). 

PI. 96. Is Cdlocalia leucophsea (Peale) ; Hartert^ Cat. B., xvi^^ 
p. 502. 
" Friendly Isles." 
Forster's Drawing represents a difierent species to that figorecS 
by Ellis, which shows a white rump. 



1809-1820. 
The Bullock Collection. 



When Dr. Leach was Keeper of the Zoological Department, 
he represented the British Museum at the sale of Bollock's great 
collection, and several birds were bought for the National 
Museum. Unfortunately many of the most valuable specimens, 
including a number from Captain Cook's voyages, were allowed 
to pass into the hands of purchasers from abroad, and left the 
country. These specimens were probably acquired by Bullock at 
the dispersal of the Leverian Museum. 

Professor Newton possesses a copy of the Sale-Catalogue of 
Bullock's Collection, and he has most generously lent it to me, 
thus enabling me to trace the history of many important 



Birds. 209 

ipecimens from the collections made during Cook's voyages. As 
we gather from Latham's '^ Oeneral Synopsis," quite a number of 
& Joseph Banks' birds must have been given by him to Sir 
Aihton Lever, instead of to the British Museum. 

Professor Newton's copy is marked with the names of the 

purdiasers and the prices paid for the specimens.* It is a most 

interesting little volume, showing that the sale was attended by 

BstnnJists from various countries, Dr. Leach being the purchaser 

far the British Museum. From the copy lent me by Professor 

Sewton, we learn that Dr. Adams attended for the Edinburgh 

Museum, Professor Temminck for Leyden, Mr. Fector for 

Yieona, while Baron Laugier represented Paris, and Professor 

Lichtenstein, Berlin. 

The sale commenced on the 29th of April, 1819, and the 
Cfttalogae has, as a frontispiece, a sketch of the " Interior of the 
Great Room of the Egyptian Hall." The following is the title of 
the "Catalogue ":— 

Part First, | containing the first six days' sale. | 
Catalogue | {wiihoui which no Person can he admitted to the 
View or Sale) \ of the | Roman Gallery, | of | ANTI- 
QUITIES AND WORKS OF ART, | and the | London 
Museum of Natural History : | (unquestionably the most 
extensive and valuable in Europe) | at the | Egyptian 
Hall in Piccadilly; | WHICH WILL BE SOLD BY 
AUCTION, I positively without the least reserve, | by 
Hk. Bullock, | on the premises, | on Thursday the 29'*» of 
April, 1819, I And continue every Tuesday, Wednesday, 
Thursday, and Friday, till the whole | is sold. | To commence 
preMy at One o'clock. 

The remaining Parts of the Catalogue, about Twenty days, will 
be published with all possible | speed ; the Articles to be viewed 
Thre£ Days previous to that on which they are respectively | sold. 

William Bullock was, according to the "Dictionary of 
National Biography " (vol. vii., p. 256), in 1808 a jeweller and 
goUunith in Liverpool, and it was in this town that his Museum 
was originally started. In the Zoologicxil Library in the Natural 
History Museum is a small octavo tract, being the seventh 

* Since ProfeMor Newton drew my attention to the importance of this 
'*6ale-(!atalogue" and lent me his copy, on which I have founded my 
no^ I have discovered another copy of the same Cutalogae among the 
Tneti in the Natural History Museum. It is practically identical with 
^nteor Newton's volume, but differs in a few minor details. 

▼OL. II. P 



210 Zoology. 

edition of a guide-book to Bullock's Museum.* It bean tlie 
following title : — 

A I Companion | to the | LIVERPOOL MUSEUM, | 
containing | A brief Description of upwards of Sev«n 
Thousand | Natural and Foreign Curiosities, | Ann* 
QuiTiES, I and Prodtictians of the Fine Arts, \ collected daiio^ 
several Years of arduous Research, and at an Expense | of 
upwards of Twenty Thousand Pounds, | by | WILLIAM 
BULLOCK, I of Liverpool; \ And now open for PaUie 
Inspection, in the Great Room, | No. 22 Piccadilly, Landtm, 
I which has been fitted up for the Purpose in a maimer 
entirely new. 

*^ Nature t how in every charm supreme 1 
Whose vot'ries feast on raptures ever new, 
O ! for the voice and fire of Seraphim 
To sing thy glories with devotion due." — Bsattdb. 

The Seventh Edition. | Printed for the Proprietor, | by ] - 
Richard Cruttwell, St. Jame's-street, Bath. | 1809. 

There is an engraved frontispiece, with three figures, of men 
in armour of different periods, each figure having a compart- 
ment to itself, under a canopy on which appears the word 
" MVSEVM." It may have been intended to represent the 
entrance to the show, which must have been in existence for 
some years, if the *' Companion" had reached its teventh edition 
in 1809. The title-page, on its reverse, publishes an announce- 
ment that the Proprietor is willing to give the " full value for 
rare and uncommon Quadrupeds, Birds, Fishes, Reptiles, SheUs, 
Old Paintings, Carvings on Wood or Ivory, Stained Glass, 
ancient and foreign Arms and Armour, or any uncommon Pro- 
duction of Art or Nature." 

Then follows a list of '* Names of the Ladies and Gentlemen 
who have presented curiosities to the Liverpool Museum," but I 
do not detect any familiar name among the number of patrons, 
though a "George Bullock" will be referred to later on. The 
list of donors " non-residents in Liverpool " includes a few more 
familiar names, such as S. Polito, Dr. J. E. Smith, Pretideni of 
the Linnean Society, Lord Stanley (Knowaley), and a certain J. 
Bullock of Surinam, 

A Preface, composed after the manner of the time, occupies 

♦ On the cover is a printed label : — •* D]£80Rn*nvK Catalogue | of the | 
LIVERPOOL MUSEUM, | now open | At the Great Book, | 22Fieeadaiy, 
near the HaymarJut" 



Birds. 211 

xJone pages (v— vii), and is dated from the ** Liverpool Museum, 
July 10, 1809." It concludes as follows:— "If this Treatise 
then, under all its imperfections, should afford one hour of enter- 
tttnment, or assist the researches of those patrons and friends 
vho have so liberally countenanced its Proprietor since the 
wUhlifthment of his Collection, his hopes are in some degree 
exceeded, and his wishes accomplished." 

The "curiosities" from the South Seas contain many speci- 
maa brought by Captain Cook, and are said to have been once 
Ins property, as we are informed in a foot-note; some were 
porchafied at the sale of the "late Leverian Museum." Some 
feither-<;loaks from the Sandwich Islands are specially mentioned. 

Among the " Works of Art " were a " beautiful Equestrian 
Model of Edward the Black Prince in Armour, finely executed 
by Mr. G. Bullock, of Liverpool " ; and " a small Anatomical 
Kgnre, from the original of Dr. Hunter, done in rice paste of its 
naioral coUour." 

The " Companion to the Liverpool Museum " then proceeds 
to the section of " Natural History " (p. 1 2). Among the 
''Qaadrupeds" described, mention is made of a " beautiful and 
gentle animal, brought from the Slave Coast of Africa ... its 
Dinners were quite gentle and mild. It died in the collection of 
Mr.Polito, in the winter of 1808, owing probably to the severity of 
tk weather." This was the " Palatine Monkey " {Simia Boloway). 
Among the rarities of Bullock's Museum were " the Porcupine 
Ant-Eater " {Miprmecophaga aculeata of Shaw), " lately discovered 
in New Holland," and the Platypus (Platypus anatinus). Of 
the Hunting Leopard {Felis jubata) we learn (p. 19) that 
"three living ones were shown a few years since in the Tower, 
that were part of a pack belonging to the late Tippoo Sultan." 

With respect to the Beaver (p. 21), Bullock speaks of a pair 
panrhased by Mr. PolitOy for the purpose of exhibiting in his 
eeUection. The latter gentleman also presented the skin of a 
^ther to the Liverpool Museum (p. 23). Some of Bullock's 
ooteB on the Mammals are very interesting, as, for instance, the 
iKt that " the Kangaroo may be considered in some degree as 
Ditaralised in England, several having been kept for many 
years in the Royal domains at Richmond, which have, during 
their residence there, produced young, and promise to render this 
oxMt el^ant animal a permanent acquisition to the country." 

On the Birds many notes are given, which at that time must 
J*»ve been very interesting, though they now read a little old- 

P 2 



212 Zoology. 

fashioned. A (Golden Eagle (p. 28) is recorded as "fioelj 
preserved in the act of preying on the white hare of Scotland." 
The specimen is figured by Bullock in his " Companion to the 
London Museum" in 1812 (plate to p. 41), and did duty for 
many pictures in popular works on Natural History. Many of 
us can still remember this Eagle, with its wings outspread, and 
the bloodstains (sealing-wax) on the stomach of the Hare whidi 
it held under its feet. The group was purchased at Bullock's 
sale for nine guineas by Dr. Leach, and long held a place dE 
honour in the British Gallery of the old British Museum. 

The Proprietor of the Liverpool Museum apparently had ato 
a small menagerie ; he speaks of certain animals which he kqyfe 
alive, and a Mocking Bird lived for some time with him (p. 32)» 
He gives an elaborate account of the Birds of Paradise in his 
collection, and in view of the extinction of some of these beautifoL 
birds in the present day by the plume-traders who supply the 
ornaments for ladies' hats, it is interesting to read that even in 
Bullock's time '^ the extreme elegance of the tail-feathers of this 
bird have made them expensive articles of female decoration." 

The Humming Bird warrants a long descriptive note on iU 
plumage and nest, Bullock's conclusion being as follows : ** Sudi 
is the history of this little being, who flutters from flower to 
flower, breathes their freshness, wantons on the wings of the 
cooling zephyrs, sips the nectar of a thousand sweets, and residei 
in climes where reigns the beauty of eternal spring." 

In 1807 he visited the Bass Rock and procured several Ganneis 
in diflerent plumages, which he describes (p. 38). 

From the Leverian Museum Bullock appears to have pur 
chased a specimen of the Crowned Pigeon (Ooufa coronaia\ which 
'* when living, was many years in the possession of her preeent 
Majesty, who presented it to the Leverian Museum " (p. 39). 

The Lyre Bird is spoken of as the " Botany Bay Bird of 
Paradise" (p. 39). 

The " Companion " ends with the following announcement : 
" In a short time will be published by subscription, in two vola.| 
8vo (dedicated by permission to Lord Stanley), price to nib- 
scribers 1/. 4*., An accurate Description of the Subjects o» 
Natural History, Foreign and other Curiosities, dec, Ac, &Ci 
in the Liverpool Museum, illustrated by upwards of Thirty 
Etchings, by Howitt, and comprising such Articles of Natural 
History and Antiquity as have been found in Lancashire and 
the adjoining Counties." 

In 1809, or about that time, Bullock removed the " Liverpool 



Birds. 213 

MnBeam" to London, and in 1812 he published another guide- 
book to his collection, now called the << London MuBeum.^^ The 
title is as follows : — 

A Companion | to | Mr. Bullock's | LONDON MUSEUM 
I and I Panthebiok ; containing | a Brief Description | of 
upwards of fifteen thousand | Natural and Foreign Curio- 
sities, I Antiquiiiea, \ and | Productions of the Fine Arts, 
I eoUected during seventeen Tears of arduous Research, and \ 

<u an Expense of \ Thirty Thousand Pounds ; | and 

now open for Public Inspection in the | Eg^yptian 
Temple, | just erected for its reception, in | Piccadilly, 
London, | opposite the end of Bond Street; | by W™ 
Bullock, I Fellow of the Linnean Society, and Honorary 
Member of | the Dublin Society. | [Then follows Beattie's 
Terse, "O Nature!" etc.] The Twelfth Edition. | Printed 
for the Proprietor. | 1812. 

It will be noticed that he now states that his Museum had 
eost him £30,000, being £10,000 more than was stated in 1809. 
Ib the "Address" which takes the place of the "Preface" of 
1809, " Mr. Bullock respectfully begs leave to solicit the atten- 
tion and patronage of the Nobility, Gentry, and the Public, to 
an Establishment for the advancement of the Science of Natural 
Bitbrji, which in magnitude and expense, he presumes, is un- 
pvalelled, as the work of an individual." 

"The very flattering and general approbation which honoured 
the exhibition of his Museum on its first opening in a temporary 
stoation in London, was a convincing proof that his future 
tfots for the extension and improvement of the Collection 
vould be duly appreciated. His exertions to obtain articles of 
nrity and interest have, therefore, been unceasing. In most 
^qpMtments, the subjects have been doubled in number; the 
^ecimens are choice, in the highest possible preservation, and 
ve arranged according to the Linnean system. They consist of 
*boQt Fifteen Thousand species of Quadrupeds, Birds, Reptiles, 
Rihes, Insects, Shells, Corals, etc, etc., collected during twenty 
JBVB of unwearied application, and at an expense exceeding 
udrty thousand pounds. 

"^ In adapting the edifice which Mr. Bullock has just completed 
^* his present Collection, by displaying it advantageously for 
^ Study of the Naturalist, the Instruction of the Curious, and 
(he Amusement of those who are delighted in viewing the 



214 Zoology, 

Beauties of Nature, or the Curiosities of Art, he has endeavoui 
to render it worthy of the British Metropolis, whilst he has a 
provided this means for enlargement, as future additions sh 
accumulate. 

** One department of the Museum (the Pantherion), complet 
with much labour and great expense, is entirely novel, ai 
presents a scene altogether grand and interesting. Varioi 
animals, as the lofty Giraflfe, the Lion, the Elephant, tl 
Rhinoceros, 6/c., are exhibited as ranging in their native wil( 
and forests ; whilst exact models, both in figure and colour, < 
the rarest and most luxuriant Plants from every clime, gii 
all the appearance of reality ; the whole being assisted with 
panoramic effect of distance and appropriate scenery, affordio 
a beautiful illustration of the luxuriance of a torrid clime. 

" The Museums of France have been enriched with the spd 
of nearly the whole Continent, and the Gallery of the Loun 
contains more treasures in Painting and Sculpture than perha] 
will ever again be amassed in one Collection. But though h< 
active and persevering Ruler, desirous of making his capital tl 
centre of attraction, has contributed to the Museum Nature 
every specimen of Natural History which in the present state 
the Continent could be procured, our unrivalled Navy, and tl 
extension of our Colonies throughout the habitable world, prese 
such advantages to this country, that the writer feels confidei 
that if his exertions are seconded by the Public as they ha 
hitherto been, he will very shortly be enabled to make a coll 
tion of Natural History far surpassing anything of the kind 
present in existence ; and he pledges himself to exert his utm< 
power in accomplishing this important work. 

" To the numerous RoyaJ, Noble, and liberal Contributors 
his Museum, by whose kindness his Collection has been enricl 
by so many valuable articles, which could not have been proem 
by pecuniary means, Mr. Bullock returns his unfeigned thanks 

" When the information and delight which may be deri^ 
from this Exhibition, especially by the rising generation, are o 
sidered, the great sum expended in forming it, and the erect: 
of the present large and commodious building for its receptit 
the Proprietor trusts that the terms will be approved of. 

" Admission to each Exhibition, one shilling Anni 

Ticket, not transferable \l. \% Subscriber for Life 10/. IC 

*' Museum, Piccadilly, 
Uarch 28, 1812." 



Birds. 215 

Ab in his " Companion to the Liverpool Museum " of 1809, so 

in the " Companion to the London Museum" of 1812, Bullock 

I^Tes a list of the " Names of the Ladies and Grentlemen who 

hftTe presented curiosities to the Museum." Among the names 

of ihese donors are those of " Her Majesty " ; H.R.H. the Princess 

Charlotte of Wales, T.R.H. the Duke and Duchess of York, 

Lidj Banks and Sir Joseph Banks, Capt. Barrow, H.G. The 

Doke of Bedford, J. Bullock (Surinam), General Davies, John 

Fnncillon, the late B. Gumey of Norwich, J. Irby of Britwell 

Hoaae, Maidenhead, A. B. Lambert, V.P, Linnean Society, W. R 

Lndi, Sir John Leicester of Tabley, Mrs. Mawe, Mrs. Polito 

(heier Change), Jonathan Salt of Sheffield, Dr. J. £. Smith, 

hendefU of the Linnean Society, Mr. Sowerby, Lord Stanley, 

M.P. (Knowsley), 

In contrast to the ** Companion to the Liverpool Museum " of 
1809, which commences with a description of the ** Curiosities," 
tbe "Companion to the London Museum" of 1812 commences 
with the Natural History specimens. 

The number of species exhibited has very largely increased 
since 1809, but the descriptive notes of the last edition are 
R|)rodiiced, save that when Bullock formerly spoke of a specimen 
having been sent '* to the Proprietor of this Museum," he speaks, 
in 1812, of the identical specimen as having been sent " to me." 

Bollock was his own auctioneer, and prefaced his Sale- 
Catalogue with an *^ Address " of three pages, which is somewhat 
ttrosing reading, as, for instance, when he deplores that the 
siie of the collection renders it impossible for the Proprietor 
to "publish the whole of the Auction Catalogue, with that 
descriptive accuracy which the subject retjuires, in time for 
the reqmsite circulation previous to the commencement of the 
sale, etc. 

" In submitting the whole of this valuable collection to the 
hammer, without the smallest reserve or purchasing in, either 
directly or indirectly, Mr. Bullock trusts to the liberality of the 
labile, and confidently expects to receive a fair remuneration 
for the articles which now compose the London Museum ; a 
collection, which is the result of thirty years of unremitting 
^tention, under the auspices of the most scientific characters, 
not only in this country, but in various other parts of the world ; 
snd which has been formed at an expense considerably exceeding 
^0,000. 

"As many of the articles of Natural History in this Museum 
^ve been collected in several places, and under a variety of 



216 Zoology. 

circumstances, by Mr. Bullock himself, he trusts that his know- 
ledge of many particulars, which may add interest or value to 
the articles themselves, will be a sufficient apology (if any be 
necessary for the manner in which a man chooses to dispose ol 
his own property) for his appearing before the public in Uie 
new character of an Auctioneer : a character which he hopes to 
convince those who may do him the honour of attending the 
sale, he has not assumed from any unworthy pecuniary motive, 
but from a proper desire to apprize the bidder of the actual 
circumstances connected with the article he may wish to bnj, 
that he may be fairly and fully in possession of its nature and 
character. 

" Any catalogue of a sale so various and complicated as this, 
must be necessarily incomplete. A catalogue must rather lead 
the eye to the article than explain it in detail ; but from the 
nature of even one branch of the collection, the Ornithological 
department, a detail is utterly impossible within the limits o\ 
any printed statement intended for general perusal. The almost 
exclusive command of the seas, during a protracted war 
successively filled this country from every part of the work* 
with the most novel and extraordinary specimens in this branch 
of Natural History, which generally centred in this Museum 
and formed an important part of its extensive attractions 
There are many thousands of birds unknown (chiefly owing t< 
what we have already said of the maritime nature of the lat< 
war) to Continental Naturalists, and for which names are not tc 
be found in the Linnean classification. The Proprietor is awan 
of what he must suffer from the impossibility of describing ir 
detail a very large part of this branch of his collection ; but as 
he repeats his fixed determination to sell without reserve, h« 
relies that the liberality of the lovers of Natural History, whc 
must be aware of the value of particular articles in their brand 
of study, which he cannot describe as they deserve, will give 
liim that assistance on this occasion to which they may think 
his labours entitle him, and his collection deserves : he neithei 
asks nor expects more. The Proprietor, as they must see, 
availed himself of the great opportunities his country possessed 
during the late war of enriching this branch of his collection at 
a great expense. He now confidently relies that the result of 
his labours will not prove an eventual bar to the laudable 
enterprise of future collectors." 

It will be noted that Bullock claims to have an important 
series of specimens from the ships engaged during the late war. 



Birds. 217 

and many objects from Captain Cook's voyages are included in 
tbe Catalogue. 

The First Day's Salb (Thursday, April 29, 1819) consisted 
of Roman antiquities, models in rice paste by Mr. Geo. 
Bollock, etc Most of these lots were purchased by a Mr. Davis, 
mdnding Lot 44, which fetched 33«. and consisted of ** Portraits 
of Tarioos British Birds, executed in feathers, and a copy of 
Tomiers in coloured straw." A ** curious model of a Man-of-War, 
OMT three feet long, made entirely of glass, in a mahogany glazed 
cue," having a MS. note added, ** made by the proprietor when a 
boy," was sold for seven guineas. Several '' models of Animals 
finely executed from life in a manner entirely new," included those 
of ft "lion and lioness, very spirited and fine," which was bought 
by Mr. Mathieson for £7, and **a large Elephant, a correct copy 
of the one lately living at the Jardin des Plantes at Paris," went 
to the same gentleman for £5 ; while a Rhinoceros, a Camel, and 
ft Boffido and Roman Bull were purchased by Lord Mountmorres 
for £19 \U. 

Mr. Davis, of Bond Street, purchased Lot 66 for £39. It 
wmsisted of " Fifteen different Animals, appropriately displayed 
on ft rock, modelled in cork, with foliage carved in ivory, and 
inclosed in a large glazed mahogany case ; the animals consist 
of the Elephant, Panther, Wild Boar, Zebra, Stag, and Hind, 
White Stag, Spotted Axis, Wood Goat (male and female), 
(Suunois (male and female). Roe Buck, Blood Hound, and 
Itftlian Greyhound, all copied from life, and forming a fine group 
for ft public exhibition." " The original model of the Colassal 
Stfttae of Napoleon, twelve feet high, which was taken from the 
top of the celebrated Column of Peace in the Place Venddme, 
when the Allies entered Paris in 1814," was bought for £33 12«. 
by Mr. Beckford of Fonthill. 

The Second Day's Sale (April 30, 1819) consisted of pictures, 
ft few birds, property of Napoleon, etc. 

Lot 19. A " Virgin and Child and St. Anthony— Corregio " 
fetched £16, and a MS. note says : ** Cost him lOd. and bd. 
Ctfriage. Bought at Tivoli, near Rome, where he found it 
stopping up the window of a cow-house." 

Ix)t 11 was a "portrait of Titian, extremely spirited," by 
^i]gione, and fetched 23 guineas. A MS. note informs us 
that it was " declared as above by Mr. West, P.R. A." 

^e birds were contained in Lots 37 to 44, and are only 



218 Zoology. 

remarkable for the prices they fetched. They were " arranged 
in bell Glasses for Chimney-Piece ornaments." 

Lot 37. " A Glossy Thrush — extremely rare," was purchasei 
by Lord Stanley for £6, and he bought, for 3 guineas, Lot 43 — 
** the Spotted Tanager and Blue Creeper fi-om Senegal ; Tery rare." 
These birds would not fetch as many shillings in the present day- 

Among the Napoleonic treasures was the " £agle carried 
before the Emperor on State occasions." A picture of th< 
meeting of the Emperors of France and Russia on the raft a 
Tilsit, said to have cost 100 guineas, fetched £16. 

The Third Day's Sale, May 4, 1819, consisted of "Birds- 
In addition to the private buyers, Dr. Leach purchased for th 
British Museum, Professor Temminck for Holland, Mr. Fecto 
for Vienna, Baron Logier (Laugier) for Paris, Dr. Adams fo 
Edinburgh. Among the names of the private purchasers occu 
the names of Sabine, Swainson, Vigors, Yarrell, Leadbettei 
Calvert, Hale, Lincoln, Riddell, Lord Stanley, Lord Temple. 

Leach purchased among other specimens : — 

Lot 16. Ardea pavonia. Crowned Crane (£1). 

Lot 29. Ardea garzetta, Little Egret ; very rare, Britis 
(22«.). No longer in the British Museum. 

Lot 37. Oyster-catchers (2 la.). 

None of these appear to be now preserved in the Museum. 

Lot 38. New Holland and American Avoset (35«.). Spec, 
of Becurvirosira novse hollandiae of my " Catalogue of Birds," vo 
xxiv., p. 334, may probably be Bullock's old specimen. 

Lot 39. Procellaria gigantea. Giant Petrel ; very fine (258. 
Spec, h of Salvin's " Catalogue of Birds," vol. xxv., p. 424, ma 
be the old Bullock specimen. 

Lot 43. Psophia crepitans. Gold-breasted Trumpeter (ma! 
and female), in glass cases (42«.). Probably spec, a of Gray 
Catalogue, " GalUnse," p. 73 (1844) : not in the Museum in 189 
(Cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiii., p. 279.) 

Lot 46. Roller, Coracias garrula; very rare and fir 
[** British" added in MS.] (31«. 6d.). (0/. Gray's *• Catologi 
of British Birds," p. 36.) It seems to have perished. (C 
Sharpe, Cat. B., xvii., p. 17.) 

Lot 52. Crowned Crane (the female) (£5). 

Lot 59. Black Curassow (15«.). This may be the specimc 
recorded by Gray under Crax aleetor, spec, a (Gray, Ca 
*'Gallin8e,"p. 20,1844). 

Lot 70. Nondescript Heron, East Indies (38».). 



Birds. 219 

Lot 99. Pelecanus bassanus, the Soland Goose (18«.). This 
is still in the collection. {Cf, Gray, Cat. Brit. B., p. 245 (1863) ; 
Ogilvie-Grant, Cat. B., xxvL, p. 427.) 

Lot 109. Cape Penguin (31«. 6<f.). This must be spec, a of 
Gray's Catalogue of 1844, p. 154, and spec, e of Mr. Ogilvie- 
Grmt's volume (Cat. B., xxvi., p. 650, 1898). 

The Fourth Day's Sale (May 5, 1819), consisted of " British 
Land Birds,'* a number of which were bought by Sir Thomas 
Ackland. 

Lot 1. Falco Chrysaetus, the Golden Eagle (male), killed in 
Scotland ; finely preser^-ed in the act of preying on the white 
hare. This well-known group, which for many years was a con- 
spicuous object in the British Gallery at Bloomsbury, was 
purchased by Dr. Leach for 9 guineas. 

Lot 2 (the female) was purchased by Dr. Leach for 4 guineas, 
as was also 

Ix)t 3. The young and eg^ of ditto, the only one known in 
any collection (35«.). 

Lot 5. A female Sea-Eagle ; killed in the park of Sir Joseph 
Banks, in Lincolnshire (extent of wing 8 feet 4 in., MS. note) ; 
was bought by Sir Thomas Ackland for nine guineas. 

Lot 7, a female White-tailed Eagle, was secured by Dr. 

Leach for £3 8«., and Lot 8, Two young birds taken in " the Isle of 

Hoy, one of the Orkneys," were also purchased by him for £4 4«. 

Lot 11. Falco fulvus. King-tailed Eagle (male), went to Mr. 

Sabmefor£7 15«. 

Lot 12. The female was bought by Leach for £5 5«. ; and 
I^t 13, Two young of ditto, was also purchased by him for 
^5 15«. 6g?. ; c/. Gray, Cat. Brit. B., pp. 3, 6 (1863). 

Lot 22. F. Lanareus, Lanner (male and female). Bought by 
Lord Stanley for £2 12*. 

Lot 31. Strix Nyctea, Snowy Owl (male), killed in Britain, 
▼as purchased by Leach for the enormous sum of 25 guineas. 
This bird is no longer in the Museum. 

Lot 32. Another Snowy Owl {killed in Shetland by 

^f- Edmansony MS. note) was likewise bought by Leach for 

^9 10«. It is still in the Museum ; cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., ii., p. 128. 

Lot 34. Strix bubo. Great-eared Owl, was purchased by 

Colonel Bullock for £3 10«. 

Lot 36*. Strix flammea, White Owl (male, female, and young) 
{and tree containing young j MS. note), fetched 15«. Bought by a 
Mr. Ashmead. 



220 Zoology. 

Lot 37. Strix stridula, Tawny Owl, egg and young ones. 
Purchased by Leach for 7«. 

Lot 38. Strix nebulosa, Barred Owl. Purchased by Dr. Leach 
for £2. 

What bird this could have been I have been unable to 
determine. It was not the true Strix nehuhsa, as in 1875, when 
I published the second volume of the ** Catalogue of Birds," the 
Museum only possessed one specimen of this species, presented 
by Lord Odo Russell (c/. Cat. B., ii., p. 258, 1875). Bullock's 
specimen may have been S. lapponicum, spec. a. {cf, Sharpe, <.c., 
p. 255). 

Lot 52. A nondescript Cuckoo, perfectly white, less than half 
the size of the common ; taken in Cornwall, and sent to Sir 
Joseph Banks ; the only one known. Bought by Mr. Sabine for 
3 guineas (the Museum copy says by Dr. Leach). 

Lot 58. Merops Apiaster, Bee-eater ; very rare. Bought by 
Col. Bullock for Us. 

Lot 66. Turdus roseus, Rose-coloured Thrush (female), taken 
in the Orkneys, 1818 ; extremely rare. A MS. note states that 
it was killed in the garden of the Rev. Mr. Hamilton, Isle of 
Hoy. Lord Stanley bought the specimen for 3 guineas. 

Lot 67. Turdus roseus, Rose-coloured Thrush (male) ; very 
fine. Bought by Sir Thomas Ackland for £5 6«. A MS. note 
states that it *^ flew against the light House of Isle of Sanda and 
was killed. Sent to Mr. B[ullock] by Mr. Strong." 

In the Museiun copy this specimen is said to have been 
bought by Dr. Leach, but there is no example recorded by G. R. 
Gray as being in the British Museum in 1863. 

Lot 102. Little Bustard, Otis tetrax (male) ; extremely rare. 
Purchased by Dr. Leach for the British Museum for £10. This 
is spec, h of Gray's "Catalogue of British Birds" (p. 134), 
recorded as from " Norfolk," from Mr. Bullock's Museum. In 
our official copy I lincl that I have a MS. note from the Rev. 
O. Pickard-Canibridge to the effect that this individual was 
killed by the Rev. G. Pickard-Cambridge, at Walmwell, Dorset- 
shire. This locality is given by me in the " Catalogue of Birds " 
(vol. xxiii., p. 290). Professor Newton has added a note to his 
copy of Bullock's Sale-Catalogue : " The Rev. O. Pickard- 
Canibridge, says (in lltt., Nov. 2, 1877), that his father sent 
Bullock a female Little Bustard killed at Walmwell in Dorset in 
the late autumn or beginning of winter alx)ut or before 1818." 
This was probably the female (Lot 103) which was bought for 
8 guineas by Mr. Brooks, at whose sale, according to Professor 



Birds. 221 

Newton, it formed No. 43, Lot 6 (Sale-Catalogue, 15th day, 
August, 1828, p. 95). The specimen in our Museum is a male^ 
&nd it is probable that the locality for it is correct, and that 
Mr. Pickard-Cambridge was mistaken as regards this Museum 
^)eciiQeD. 

Of the " British Water Birds," according to the Sale- 
Catalogue m our Museum, Dr. Leach bought Lot 108, Crane, A. 
Gms, extremely rare, for £6 ; but Prufessur Newton's copy says 
that the bird was " shot by Lord Gage in Britain " and purchased 
by Mr. Sabine. There is no mention of a Crane in Gray's " List 
of Gralla," and the purchase by Mr. Sabine was probably correct. 

Lot 110. The Great White Heron, A. Alba, very rare, said 
to have been purchased by Dr. Leach, had not survived till 1844, 
as it is not mentioned in Gray's " List of Grallse, etc." 

Lot 113. Scjuacco Heron, A. Comata, very rare, seems to 
have met a similar fate. 

Lots 116, 117, Gardenian Heron, were also both purchtisedby 
Br. Leach, but are no longer in the Museum. 

The Fifth Day's Sale (Thursday, May 6, 1819) began 
with the British Water Birds. No. 15, Greenwich Sandpiper, 
has a MS. note in Professor Newton's copy : *' Shot near Edin- 
burgh. Supposed to have been a young Reeve." This was 
spec.]) of the Ruff in Gray's " List of Grallae," 1844, p. 103, and it 
occurs in his Catalogue of 1863 (p. 164). It could not have been 
kept, as I did not find it when I wrote the " Catalogue of Birds." 

Lot 29 contains the Corn Crake, Rallus Crex, with its egg ; 
" Common Gallinule, Gallinula clilorojjus (male and female). These 
q)ecies were taken in the Isle of Tristan d'Ancuna." The latter 
bird must have been Porphyriornis nesioiia, described by Dr. 
Sdater in 1861 from living specimens presented by Sir George 
Grey to the Zoological Gardens (</. Sharpe, Cat. B., xxiii., p. 166). 
IWessor Newton's copy of Bullock's Sale-Catalogue has a note 
that this Lot 29 was purchased by Dr. Leach, but I cannot trace 
the specimens in the Museum records. The Museum copy says 
that a Mr. Winn was the purchaser, and if this were the case, 
these Moorhens did not come into the Museum. 

Lot 43. Great Auk, Alca ImpennLs (male), a very fine 
specimen of this exceedingly rare bird, killed at Papa Westra in 
^ Orkneys, the only one taken on the British coast for many 
years; and an egg; in glass case. These specimens were 
pwchaaed by Dr. Leach for £16 5«. 6^. They are still in the 
MmeoiQ, the bird being a very fine one, but the egg \s not a good 



222 Zoology. 

specimen, having been bleached by exposure to the light for til 
years in the old British Museum at Bloomsbury. 

Dr. Leach also bought the next Lots, 44, 45, 46, 48, * 
including Razor-Bills, Puffins, Guillemots, eic. They w< 
mentioned by Gray in 1863 in his ''Catalogue of British Bird 
but very few were retained by Mr. Ogilvie-Grant when he wn 
the twenty-sixth volume of the " Catalogue of Birds." 

Lot 61, "An undescribed Gull, much allied to the Arc 
[Tern], but much superior in size, killed at Brighton," ^ 
apparently the specimen of the Gull-billed Tern (Sterna anglu 
recorded by Gray as from " Great Britain. From Mr. Bullocl 
Collection," in his "Catalogue of British Birds," 1863, p. 24 
Tt has since been destroyed, having fallen into bad conditic 
and was not recognised as the specimen purchased by Leach. 

No. 68. The great white-winged Gull, Larus Glaucus, lat( 
killed in Shetland and Northumberland ; a fine adult male ai 
female, and the young of the first year. These were bought 
T^ach for £6 16«. 6d. One of the young birds is still in t 
Museum (c/. Howard Saunders, Cat. B., xxv., p. 293). 

Lot 78. " An undescribed Petrel with a forked tail, taken 
St. Kilda in 1818 ; the only one known." This was bought 
liOach for £5 158., and is apparently the specimen described 
Temminck as Procellaria leachii (" Man. d'Orn.," ii., p. 812). 

No. 79. Glariola austriaca, Austrian Pratincole (male), kill 
in Shetland. The second specimen killed in Britain. jS 
Montague and Linnean Transactions. This is said to have be 
purchased by Dr. Leach for eight guineas. There is no trace 
the specimen at the present time, and it was apparently not 
the Museum in 1863 (c/. Gray, Cat. Brit. B., p. 137). 

Lot 83. Red-breasted Goose, shot near Berwick, w 
purchased by Leach for £27. It is still in the British Museu 
(c/. Gray, Cat. Brit. B., 1863, p. 185; Salvad., Cat. B., xxvi 
p. 126, 1895). 

Lot 89. Eider Duck (male and female). Young ones, nest 
eider, and eggs, taken on Papa Westra, one of the Orkneys, 
1812. These were purchased by Leach for £2, and are mc 
probably the series mentioned by Count Salvadori as havii 
" no locality " (Cat. B., xxvii., p. 429). 

Lot 97. Rufous Duck (A. Nyroca) ; rare (male and femal< 
Purchased by Leach for £4 8«. They are recorded by Gray 
1863 as having been from the London market, but the only oi 
now remaining seems to be the male recorded from " England 
by Count Salvadori (Cat. B., xxvii., p. 348). 



Birds. 223 

Lot 114. A white variety of the Shag, and a ditto of the Jay. 
The Shag has disappeared, but the Jay is mentioned by Gray in 
1863 (p. 85) and by ine (Cat. B., iii., p. 94). 

Eleventh Day's Sale, May 18, 1819. This day was again 
devoted to birds. 

Lot 4, "Crimson-breasted Woodpecker, Picus Olivaceous («ic /), 
the specimen brought by Capt. Cook,'' was bought by Baron 
Laogier for 12a., who also purchased Lot 5 (male and female 
Sacred Kingfisher) for 13«. 

Lot 6, Gigantic Heron (" female," in Prof. Newton's Cata- 
logae), was bought by Dr. Adams for Edinburgh for 39«. The 
flame gentleman purchased the next. Lot 7, a male of the same 
^tedes, " a noble specimen in the finest plumage," but he had 
to pay £8 for it. 

Mr. Vigors and Mr. Swainson likewise purchased specimens 
on this occasion, and a good many were secured by Mr. Fector 
for Vienna. 

Lot 19. Belted ELingfisher, Alcedo Alcyon, and an undescribed 
q)ecie8 from the Sandwich Islands, were bought by Dr. Leach for 
a guinea. I have been unable to trace them, so far, in the 
British Museum cabinets. 

Lot 31. Pigmy Auk, Aptenodytas pygmsea, " very rare : the 
<mly specimen in Britain," fetched 35«. from Mr. Leadbeater. 

Lot 32. A Beef -eater, Buphaga af ricana, from Africa, fetched 
£2 4i. from a Mr. Hobart — an enormous figure. 

Lot 33. A Black-bellied Darter or Anhinga, Plotus melano- 
gaster, wag purchased by Mr. Vigors for 53«. 

Lot 35. A "beautiful undescribed Roller from Africa; the 
only one known," was bought by a Mr. Riddell for £4. 

I^ach purchased a number of the Petrels, spending more 
than £25 on the following numbers : 
Lot 39. Stormy Petrel (10«. 6d.). 
Lot 41. Pintado Petrel, P. capensis (16«.). 
Lot 42. Black Petrel, ^quinoctialis (£6 16«. 6d !). 
Lot 43. Great Petrel or Mother Carey's Groose, P. gigantea ; 
a fine specimen, 3 feet long (£10 !). 

I^ 44. Sooty Petrel, P. grissea (male and female) (£3 6«.). 
lot 45. Cinereous Petrel, P. cinerea, "from Tristran 
d'Acunha," MS. note in Professor Newton's copy (£2 16«.). 

Ixjt 46. Two Petrels, undescribed, " brot. home by Cook," 
MS. note m Professor Newton's copy (19«.). 
Lot 47. Two ditto, ditto (24«.). 



224 Zoology. 

The next lot was bought by Mr. Fector for 27*. It is 
described as 

Lot 48. A Scallop Toad Darter, undescribed, from Cayenne. 
It was doubtless an example of the Heliomis fulica^ which has 
scalloped toes, but is hardly a Darter ! 

Lob 56. Grey Tern, Latham MS., was bought by Professor 
Temminck for 18«. 

Lot 57. Wreathed Tern, S. Vittata, "from Sir Jo. Banks" 
(MS. note in Professor Newton's copy), went to Dr. Leach for 
16«. 

Lot 60. Tern, unknown, Leach bought for 8«. 

Lot 61. "The Tailor Bird, with its curious nest, from the 
Leverian Museum ; the only ornithological specimen from that 
collection in the sale.'' This was purchased by a Mr. Ledbrook 
for £2 7s, On the 17th day's sale a pair of the same species 
with nest (Lot 91) was bought by Lord Stanley for £3 15«. 

Lot 62. Peacock Pheasant, East Indies, very rare. Bought 
by Dr. Leach for 5 guineas. 

I^)t 64. Jungle Cock, Phasianus varius, very rare ; supposed 
to be the original stock of our domestic fowls. This was secured 
by Baron Laugier for 6 guineas. 

Lot 65. Short-tailed Crow, Corvus Brachyurus ; very rare 
(£2 2s.), 

Lot 66. Hawkesbury Duck, New Holland (30«.). 

The above were purchased by Dr. Leach. 

Lot 67, Lobated Duck, New Holland, was bought by the 
Linnean Society for £2 13«. The Society also bought Lot 97, 
Emew (£10 10«.), and 98, Lesser Emew (£7 10«.), Lot 106, 
Ardea Antigone, 5 feet high (£6 6«.). 

Lot 80, the Jacamarciri, or Great Jacamar, Galbula grandis, 
was bought by Dr. Adams for 10 guineas. 

Lot 81. Guinea Tody, Latham MS. 

Lot 83. Afiican Tody, ditto. 

Lot 85. Sharp-tailed Nuthatch, ditto. 

Lot 86. Boat-billed Tody, ditto. 

None of these lots were purchased by Leach, and several 
birds marked as " unknown " or " undescribed " were also passed 
by him. 

Lot 93. Three-toed Ostrich, Struthio camelus Americanus 
(an early instance of the employment of trinomial nomenc-lature 
in Great Britain !). Bought by Dr. Adams for the Edinburgh 
Museum, for £2 4«. 

Lot 94. The Ostrich, S. Camelus (a fine full-grown male), 



Birds. 225 

10 feet high ; beautifullj preserved, and in the highest preserva- 
tion. Bought by Professor Temminck for £38 6«. M. 

Lot 105. Wattled Heron, Ardea Carunculata ; a noble 
q)edmeii, near 6 feet high ; from the French Museum. Pur- 
diised by Mr. Leadbeater for 7 guineas. The reference to the 
"French Museum'' probably means that it formed part of the 
loot taken by the Allies on the occupation of Paris. 

Lot 116 was a '* Beautiful nondescript diminutive species of 
Woodpecker, from Africa ; the smallest known.'' This was bought 
by Mr. Fector for 12«. for Vienna. 

Lot 117. A Ditto was bought by Mr. Vigors for 13«. 

Lot 118. A Scarlet Ibis, Tantalus Ruber ; an adult bird, in 
the finest plumage. This was bought for 4 guineas by '' Mr. 
Ledbrook for Lord Temple," as a MS. note in Professor Newton's 
copy infonns us. 

The Twelfth Day's Sale, Wednesday, May 19, 1819, con- 
sated of " Foreign Birds." A certain Mr. Bell, '' of Buckingham 
Street," bought many of the lots, as did also Mr. Vigors and 
Lord Stanley. Dr. Leach does not appear as a bidder on this 
day, but many specimens were purchased by Professor Temminck, 
Biron Laagier, and Mr. Fector. The latter secured Lot 121 for 
£2 15«., consisting of the " Red-breasted Roller from Mexico, 
extremely rare. Latham's Supplement, vol. ii., p. 125." 

For Lot 111, a '* Beautiful Blue Crow, from Mexico," un- 
deecribed, Lord Stanley paid £16 5«. 6d., and for the previous 
I^ 110, a "Peruvian Jay, C. Peruvianus ; very rare," Baron 
Laogier paid the enormous sum of 17 guineas ! 

"Part Third" of the Sale-Catalogue announces a further 
uction of six days' duration, commencing on Thursday, the 
20th of May, 1819, the Fifteenth Day. Leach appeared again 
<Hi the scene, but bought very little. The bidders from Holland, 
Prance, and Austria were as keen as ever, and Mr. Vigors and 
Mr. Swainson purchased some lots, principally South American 
lardg undetermined, and some Toucans. 

Lot 35, Puff-backed Shrike, Latham MS. (male and female), 
went to Mr. Fector for £1 11«. 6d. 

Lot 64. *' A splendid nondescript species of Lanius [altered 
^ Comw in MS. in Prof. Newton's copy], the largest and most 
^tifal known; sent to Europe by P^rouse, and perhaps the 
<nly remaining memento of his voyage." This specimen fell to 
Hr. Leadbeater for £7 17a. 6(2. 

▼OL IL Q 



226 Zoology. 

Lot 71, Genoese Eagle, Latham MS., killed in 1814 near 
Grenoa, was purchased by Mr. Vigors for 32«. 

Many species of the Accipitres are said to be " unknown." 

Lot 79 was in the latter category, but Professor Newton's 
copy has a MS. note " bro^ by S^ Joseph Bankes." The Lot was 
bought by Dr. Leach for 4 guineas. 

Lot 97. Zone-tailed Eagle, bought by Leach for 30a. 

Lot 113, an Egyptian Vulture (female), was also purchased 
by him for £2 Us. 6(i. 

Lot 121. << White Jer Falcon, Falco Islandicus; a beautiful 
specimen of this exceeding rare British bird, in its snow white 
plumage." For this specimen Leach gave £10, but it is no longer 
in the British Museum. 

Although many of his purchases were afterwards found in the 
last-named Museum, there is no absolute proof that he was acting 
on behalf of that institution. As Professor Newton observes in 
his copy of Bullock^s Sale-Catalogue, " The specimen of the Jer 
Falcon is not included in the List of Birds in the British 
Museum. Hence Dr. Leach may have bought other things not 
for the Museum, or some may have been destroyed since, e.g. 
the Aust. Pratincole." From the evidence of his " Catalogue of 
Mammals and Birds," 1816, it would seem as if Leach had s 
private collection. 

For Lot 1 26, a pair of the " Cserulescent Hawk," i.e, the Small 
Falconet, of Java, Baron Laugier gave the extravagant (according 
to our notions of the present day) price of £5 15«. 6c2. ! 

The Fourteenth Day's Sale took place on the 21st of May, 
1819, and consisted of " Birds of the Psittacus or Parrot Genus; 
of which this collection contains perhaps a greater variety, and 
more undescribed species, than any other ; many of them were 
brought by Sir Joseph Banks, in his Voyage of Discovery with 
Captain Cook ; and are in no other collection." 

It is difficult to understand why Banks, who was a Trustee of 
the British Museum and a liberal donor to our institution, should 
have parted with his specimens of birds to Bullock and the 
Leveiian Museum. 

The following were bought by Dr. Leach : — 

Lot 15. Yellow-winged Parrakeet, P. verescens (15«.). 

Lot 19. Horned Parrakeet, P. comutus ; brought by Sir 
Joseph Banks from the South Sea ; the specimen described by 
Doctor Latham (£5 10«.). This was doubtless the typical bird 



Birds. 227 

from which Forster's sketch was taken. The specimen is 
mentioned in Gray's list of Paitttmdse (p. 7), 1859, but seems 
to have been diseased by Count Salvadori in 1891 (<•/. Cat. B., 
XX., p. 501). 

hit 27. Great Pacific Parrot, Latham MS., unique (34«.). 

Lot 30. Pacific Parrot, P. Australis ; very rare ; South Seas 
{26t). 

Lot 32. Undescribed Parrot ; brought by Sir Joseph Banks. 
Bought by Lord Stanley for £3. 

Lot 33. Undescribed Parrot. " This and the last are not 
known in any other collection." Dr. Leach brought this lot for 
£2 I2t. 6(2. In the Museum copy of the Catalogue, Lord Stanley 
is noted as the purchaser. 

Lot 42. Parrot undescribed ; from the South Seas ; brought 
fay Sir Joseph Banks. Purchased by Dr. Leach for £3 10a. 

No. 43. Beautiful Small Parrot, undescribed ; it was killed on 
a Tine in the garden of Colonel Johnson, at Port Jackson, and is 
the only one ever seen in the colony. This lot was purchased by 
the linnean Society for £4 18«. 

Lot 56. Wave-headed parrot, Latham MS. ; new. Fetched 
£2 13«. 

Lot 60. Sanguine-bellied Parrot, Latham MS. ; new. Fetched 
271 

Both the above were bought by Lord Stanley. 

Lot 69. Crimson-winged Parrot, P. Erythropterus (male and 
female), a most beautiful species ; brought in Captain Flinders' 
▼ojage of discovery from the north coast of New Holland. 
Boq^t by Sir T. Coates for £6 ISs. [In the Museum copy the 
name is given as Sir C. Coote]. 

Lot 71. Lesser Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, P. Sulphureus. 
Bought by Dr. Leach for £2 10«. 

Lot 77. Banksian Cockatoo, P. Banksi. Linnean Society, 
for £3. 

Lot 78. A splendid species of Black Cockatoo, with scarlet 
taQ (nude and female) ; undescribed. 

Lot 93. A pair of beautiful Yellow Macaws (male and 
female), from the Spanish main ; undescribed. Purchased by 
Lord Stanley for £21. 

Lot 114. Southern Parrots (male and female), P. Nestor, 
^»y fine, and extremely rare ; brought by Sir Joseph Banks 
f"«tt the South Seas. Bought by Dr. Leach for 1 6 guineas. This 
"P^cuoen is apparently still in the Museum, as Count Salvadori 

Q 2 



228 Zoology. 

in his ''Catalogue of Birds'' mentions a specimen of Netimt 
meridionalis from New Zealand, from Capt. Cook's voyages 
(r/. Cat. B., XX., p. 5 (1891)). 

The Fifteenth Day's Sale took place on Tuesday, May 28, 
1819. It still consisted of Birds — " Herons, Ducks, Wood- 
peckers, Bee-eaters, tkc." 

A certain Captain Laskey bought several lots, as did a 
Mr. Molinari, who had purchased a few lots in the sales of the 
previous days. Lots 7, 14, 37, 39, 41, 52 are marked as "sold," 
having apparently been disposed of before the sale commenced. 

Lot 8. Undescribed Heron. Purchased by Mr. Fector foi 
Vienna (£2 2«.). 

Lot 9. Beautiful Heron ; unknown. Bcmght by Prof. 
Temminck (13«.). 

Lot 10. Roufous Heron, undescribed ; from " Xew Holland,'' 
corrected in MS. in Professor Newton's copy to " S. America." 
Bought by Prof. Lichtenstein (14«.). 

Lot 16. Unknown Heron. Bought by Lord Stanley (17«.). 

Lot 17. Small Bittern ; undescribed. Bought by Prof. 
Temminck for I guinea. 

Lot 27. Ibis ; unknown. Lord Stanley (28«.). 

Lot 28. Patagonian Penguin, A. Patachonica. Mr. Led- 
brook (2L8.). He also bought several other lots, presumably 
for Lord Temple. 

Lot 51. Albatross, Diomedia Exulans. A MS. note in 
Professor Newton's copy adds : ** From Tristan d'Acunha." Lord 
Stanley bought this lot for £6. 

Lot 54, Spotted Shag, is entered twice. [See No. 64.] 

Lot 59. A Harlequin Duck, A. Histrionica. A MS. note 
in Professor Newton's copy adds : " Killed in Orkneys." It 
was bought by Dr. Adams for Edinburgh for a guinea. 

Lot 79. (xrey-headed Woodpecker, P. Canus. The locality 
is entered in Professor Newton's copy as ** Siberia." Swainsoo 
gave 168. for the specimen. 

Lot 88. A ''Pair of Brown Woodpeckers; undescribed.' 
Bought by Baron Laugier for 22«. 

Lot 90. Unknown [Woodpecker]. Bought by Swainsonfor 8#. 

Lot 91. Ditto. Bought by Molinari for 7«. 

Lot 92. Undescribed (11#.). Lot 93. Ditto (20«.). Both 
bought by Swainson. 

Several lots of Honey-eaters follow, the species being described 
(evidently by Latham) as Gold-winged Bee-eater^ etc. 



Birds. 229 

Lot 104. Blue-cheeked Bee-eater, Merope cyanops. " New 
Zetland " (according to the MS. note in Professor Newton's 
eopj). Bought by Temminck for 20a. This specimen is Ento- 
iqfza cuanoiiff and formed the subject of Plate 471 of the 
"Planches Coloriees." Dr. Finsch, writing to Professor Newton 
in 1900, states that it is still in the Leyden Museum. 

No. 109. Tellow-tufted Bee-eater, M. Fiesiculatus, was bought 
hj Lord Stanley for 19«. A MS. note in Professor Newton's 
eopy adds : " Bro* by Capt. Cook." 

Na 112. Swallow-tailed Bee-eater, Latham MS.; ''from 
Abyssinia " (MS. note in Professor Newton's copy). Bought by 
Prof. Lichtenstein for 26#. 

Lot 120. [Following on several " unknown " and " undescribed " 
fiee-^aters] Two undescribed species [of Bee-eaters]. Bought by 
Temminck for 20a. Professor Newton thinks that one of these 
may hare been M, hullocki {cf. Donovan, Nat. Repository, i., p. 
to pL cxxxvii). A MS. note in his copy adds that these birds 
were from New Holland. 

Dr. Leach does not seem to have been pi*esent at this 
day's sale. 

The Sixteenth Day's Sale took place on Wednesday, 
May 26, 1819. Still more birds put up to auction, and Dr. 
Leadk was present, all the other purchasers being there as usual. 
Many "unknovm" Pigeons were bought by Baron Laugier, 
Professor Temminck, Lord Stanley, Mr. Vigoi-s, Mr. Molinari ; 
and Lot 1 by Mr. Fector. 

Lot 22. Dr. Leach bought an " unknown Pigeon," which is 
said, in a MS. note to Professor Newton's copy, to have come 
from the " S. S. Voyages " (10«.). 

No. 28. Hook-billed Pigeon (female) from Senegal, purchased 
by Swainson for 8«., may well have been his type of Treron 
mdworiris. 

Lot 30. A Crowned Pigeon, C[olumba] Con>nata, purchased by 
a Mr. Lincoln for 35«., is stated in a MS. note to Professor Newton's 
copy to have been the " property of late Princess Charlotte." 

Lot 40. A magnificent undescribed species of Pigeon, from 
the north coast of New Holland, " in Flinders' Voyage " (MS. 
note in Professor Newton's copy). This was bought by Baron 
Laugier for £4 14«. M. 

Lot 70. BufT-breasted Partridge, Latham's MS. [" and of his 
^k," MS. note]. Bought by Professor Temminck for 208. 



230 Zoology. 

Lot 73. Dusky-breasted Partridge (female), Latham I^ 
Bought bj Lord Stanley for £2 4«. 

Lot 8L Spotted-necked Quail, Latham MS., also bought 
Lord Stanley, for £1 \U. 6d[. 

Dr. Leach does not seem to have bought more than one 
at this day's sale. Perhaps his money was exhausted and ' 
prices were too high. On this occasion Mr. Ledbrook was biddi 
for the Marquess of Buckingham, as Professor Newton's a 
records that he gave £30 for a pair of cases (Lot 110) w 
Crocodiles, Lizards, etc. 

Lot 119, which concluded the sale, contained a magnifia 
specimen of the Japan Peacock (male and female) and a W 
Turkey, in the mahogany glass case; the whole of the bi 
in which were presented by her late Majesty to the Musev 
The lot was separated " by desire," and Mr. Warwick bou^ 
the male Peacock for £9, and Baron Laugier secured the femj 
Peacock for £3 98., and the Turkey for 7 guineas. 

The Seventeenth Day's Sale took place on Thursdi 
May 27, 1819, and Dr. Leach was not present. 

Lot 24. Several species of American Fringillas, "four 
different" (MS. note). Purchased by Mr. Vigors for 11«. 

Lot 32. Pair of beautiful Goatsuckers ; unknown (J&2 168.) 

Lot 33. A beautiful Long-tailed Goatsucker, undescribe 
from Africa (£3 38.). These two lots were bought by Coloi 
Brewer or Bruen. 

A pair of Argus Pheasants in a mahogany case fetch 
£29 188. U, (Warwick). 

Lot 46. A Red-legged Partridge, T[etrao] Rufous {bi 
"killed in Suffolk on grounds of Lord Rendlesham," fetch 
278., and was bought by Mr. Ledbrook. 

Lot 54. Chinese Jacanu, P[arra] Sinensis. Bought by Bar 
Laugier for 4 guineas. A MS. note in Professor Newton's oo; 
adds : " Sent to B. [i.e. Bullock] from French Museum. Uniq 
in this kingdom." 

Lot 60. White Gallinule, F[ulica] alba. New Zealand, rar 
brought by Sir J. Banks. Purchased by Lord Stanley for 3 guinei 
It is an albino of Porphyrio melanonotus, and of the specimen 
full history is given by Dr. H. O. Forbes in the " Bulletin " 
the Liverpool Museums for May 1901 (vol. iii., No. 2, pp. 62-6^ 
Further remarks are to be found in Sir Walter Bullei 
" Supplement to the * Birds of New Zealand ' " (vol. i., p. 73, noU 



Birds. 231 

Lot 68*. Pair of Dusky Rails. Purchased by Prof. Temminck 
lor9«. 

Lot 77, containing Birds of Paradise in a case, the most 
complete collection known. This case was broken up and the 
inrdfl sold in lots on the nineteenth day of sale. 

Lot 85. Pair of great cases of Warblers, Motacilla. 
This case also was divided and sold on the twenty-fourth 
dftj of sale. 

Lot 86. The *' collection of Buntings, Emberiza," was likewise 
diyided up into lots. 

Lot 87. " A magnificent species of Turkey, from the Bay of 
Honduras, undescribed ; it was sent as a present to Sir Henry 
Hallord, and died on its passage : the only one known. Baron 
Laogier bought it for £34 12«. 

Lot 101. Hook-billed Green Creeper, C[erthia] Obscura, was 
bought by Prof. Temminck (£2 2«.). 

Lot 102. Great Hook-billed Creeper, C. Pacifica ; also bought 
by Prot Temminck (£4 4«.). 

Lot 103, Hook-billed Red Creeper, C. Vestiaria. Bought by 
Mr. Fector for 24«. 

Lot 104. Ditto (male and female), bought by Mr. Molinari. 

A note informs us that '^ The last four lots are used by the 
natives of the Sandwich Islands in the manufacture of their 
beautiful dresses." There can scarcely be any doubt that some 
of these specimens were from Capt. Cook's voyages and were 
doubtless the originals of those figured by Ellis. 

The Eighteenth Day's Sale, May 28, 1819, was principally 
devoted to Shells, Corals, etc. Dr. Leach bought several lots, 
but none of the Birds, of which there were a few. 

Lot 66. White-crowned Thrush, new; Latham MS. Lord 
Stanley (33«.). 

Lot 68. A Crimson and Black Thrush, from Mexico ; un- 
described. Lord Stanley (£5). 

Lot 69. Rose-coloured Thrush, Turdus Koseus ; rare ; a fine 
male. " Shot in Scotland " (MS. note). Mr. Vigors (£2 3».). 

Lot 91. Pair of Chinese Swallows; very rare; with speci- 
>n«nB of their curious Nest, of which the Chinese make soup. 
"Brot. home by S'" J. Bancks" (MS. note). A Mr. Buckingham 
bought this lot for £5. 

Lot 95, Thrushes, and Lot 96, Grosbeaks, were, by consent 
<rf all parties, to be divided into smaller lots. 



232 Zoology. 

In the Museum copy there is a title-page to the next part oC^ 
the Sale-Catiilogue, which is missing in Professor Newton's cc^y. 
It is entitled <' Part Fourth, containing the 19th, 20th, 21st and 
22nd days* sale," etc. etc. 

The NiNETEhNTH Day's Sale occuired on June 1, 1819. 
Dr. Leach bought a few birds, as follows : — 
Lot 16. Fine specimen of Mother Carey's Goose (£5 5«.). 
Lot 66. Chocolate Falcon, " Amer. Orn. " (£1 1«.). 
Lot 78. Two Hawks, from North America (12«.). 
Lot 79. One Hawk and a Butcher Bird (12«.). 

On the Twentieth Day's Sale, Wednesday, June 2, 1819, 
more birds were sold, but Dr. Leach does not seem to have put 
in an appearance ; all the other buyers were present, and some 
new names added to the list. 

Lot 94. Fifteen Bird-skins, from Sierra Leone, were bought 
by Mr. Swainson for £6 18«. 

Lot 95. Kingfisher from East Indies, bought by Temuiinck 
may be the Dacelo coromandeliana of Schlegel's Catalogue (" Mus. 
Pays Bas," AlcedineSy p. 25) as Professor Newton suggests. 
Against this lot (p. 124) is a MS. note signed ''J. S.," which 
Professor Newton thinks may have been originally written by 
James Sowerby, but I am inclined to think it is J. L. ( = John 
Latham), to whose hand-writing all the MS. notes in Professor 
Newton's copy of the Sale-Catalogue bear a strong resemblance. 

Lot 114. Larus Atracilloides, a rare Gull. Bought by 
Mr. Sabine for 2 guineas. 

Lot 115. Undescribed Grosbeak, from Tristan d'Acunha; 
and the Mosambique Finch. Bought by Professor Lichtenstein 
for 29». 

Lot 119. Northern Finch (male and female), Latham MS., 
and the Snow Flake. Bought by Lord Stanley for 1 Is. 

Lot 127. Fourteen various specimens of Birds, from New 
Holland ; collected by Capt. Flinders. Bought by Lord Stanley 
for £7 17«. Qd. 

lx)t 128. Ten ditto, ditto. Bought by Mr. Molinari for 35«. 

Lot 130. Great Rail, from New York ; Blue-necked Rail ; 
and another, unknown. Bought by Professor Temminck for 25». 

The Twenty-First Day's Sale, on Thursday, June 3, 1819, 
contained some various articles, but there were a goodly 



Birds. 233 

pnportioD of birds offered for sale, some of them of great interest. 
Dr. Leach bought only a few lots of no great importance. 
Lot 6. An " undescribed Barbet, of the new genus Pogonius." 
, Parchased by Baron Langier for 30«. 

Lot 16. Lariis Atraciloides ; rare. Bought by Lord Stanley 
for20i. 

Lot 23. White- winged Crossbill ; rare, and the Snow Flake. 
A MS. note in Professor Newton's copy adds for the iirst-named, 
"shot several times in New Forest lately." This lot was purchased 
bf Lord Valentia for 10a. 

Lot 31. Beautiful small Plover, from the River Gambia. 
PruL Temminck (16a.). 

No. 32. A ditto, from the River Gambia. Mr. Swaiusun (17«.). 
Lot 33. Pair of small Plovers, from New Zealand. Prof. 
Temminck, for 30a. 

Lot 34. Chestnut-breasted Plover of Latham MS., and another. 
Lord Stanley (16«.). 

Lot 36. Curious small Plover of New Holland, and a Crejini- 
colouped Plover. Baron Laugier (£3 3«.). 

Lot 37. Rail, undescribed ; from the voyage of Captain Cook. 
Bought by Prof. Temminck for 35a.. apparently Pennula sand- 
miekemt. 

Lot 39. Two fine specimens (various) of the Spur-winged 
Plover; unknown. Ptof. Temminck (29/».). 

Lot 40. Black-breasted Plover of Latham MS., and Chestnut- 
breasted of ditto. Prof. Temminck (3 la.). 

I*t 44. The Yellow Shank, Norfolk Plover, and a Sandpiper. 
Capt. Laskey (7«.). The Museum copy of the Catalogue says 
that the purchaser was Dr. Leach. 

Ix)t 45. Black-throated Plover of Latham MS., pair of Ring 
I^ottrels ; Capt. Laskey (7a.). This lot is also booked to Dr. Leach 
in the Museum cop^ . 

Lot 46.* A " Singular undescribed Lizard, from the north coast 
of Ifew Holland" " Flinders Voyage " (MS. note in Professor 
Newton's copy, where the specimen is said to have been bought 
by Leach for 22«.). The Museum copy agrees witli the price 
fetched, but gives the purchaser as Dr. Adams, who bought for 
the Edinburgh Museum. 

IiOt48. Shear Water Petrel and Stormy Petrel. Prof. 
Temminck (£4 10«.). 

I^t 50. Woodcock, and curious variety of the Lark. Dr. 
I-each (Ih.). 



234 Zoology. 

Lot 52. Little Owl, shot in Yorkshire ; rare. Professo 
Newton's copy adds a MS. note, "By Mr. Fothergill." Tkm 
lot was bought by Mr. Ryall for 1 2b. 

Lot 54. Common Gallinule from Tristan D'Ancunha, and tla^ 
Red-necked Grebe. Also bought by Mr. Ryall, for 7«. 

Lot 56. Carrier Pigeon, Wild Stock-Dove, and a Blackbird 
Bought by r>r. Leach for XL 

Lot 57. Two rare Sandpipers, and the Turnstone. Bon^'i 
by Dr. Leach for 30«. 

Lot 58. Dusky Sandpiper, nest and eggs, taken in Scotland. 
Bought by Dr. Leach for 10«. M. 

In Professor Newton's copy the word " Sandpiper " has been 
erased, and the word " Lark " substituted by the scribe who 
annotated the catalogue. Professor Newton adds a note : " On. 
the origin of YarrelFs mistake, Br. B., vol. i, ii, p. 666." 

At this day's sale Dr. Leach bought some Quadrupeds and 
Insects, and among the " Fossils " were some eggs. 

Lot 123. Egg of the Great Auk, Alca impennia ; and other 
rare British eggs. Purchased by Dr. Leach for I7#. ! 

Lots 124, 126. Boxes, " containing a quantity of the Eggs of 
British Birds," were also purchased by him for a guinea each. 

It is of interest to note that several curios were puixshased by 
" Walter Scott, Esq." Such were a ** large dish of Persian ware," «<c 
It would be interesting to know if these are still at Abbotsford. 
He also purchased most of the armour offered for sale on this^day. 

The Twenty-second Day's Sale, Friday, June 4, 1819, com- 
menced with a number of ethnographical curios, many of then 
evidently from Cook's voyages, and it is sad reading to see ho^ 
many of these were bought by Professor Lichenstein for Berlin 
Swainson purchased a few lots, as did Colonel "Bruen" oi 
" Brewin." 

" Walter Scott, Esq.," bought Lots 36, 37, 38, and 40, con 
sisting of " Two very curious ancient Heading Desks, and a Lady*! 
Head-dress of Elizabeth's time; pair of velvet shoes which be 
longed to Addison, the Poet, and his wig-cose; two ancient 
Leather Bottles, and a Lochabar Axe, etc." 

Then followed a sale of the British Birds, with a few Foreigc 
Birds (beautifully displayed under Bell-Glass). Some of the mosl 
interesting lots sold as follows : — 

Lot 44. The Black Eagle, " shot in Ireland " (MS. note in 
Professor Newton's copy). Mr. Ryall (14«). 



Birds. 235 

Lot 46*. TheLfiumer,FalooLaimariii8. Colonel Bullock (19«.). 
Lot 52. Rose-coloured Ouzle. Mr. Swainson (22«.). 
Lot 54. The Crested Titmouse ; rare. Mr. Vigors (11«.). 
Lot 54*. The White-winged Crossbill (male and female) ; very 
nre. Lord Stanley (22«.). 

Lot 64. The Mountain Partridge ; ''a pair of them were lately 
killed in Cheshire by J. Davenport, Esq., M.P." Mr. Bates 
(£410*.). A MS. note in Professor Newton's copy adds : — " This 
ipecimen from France.'' 

Lot 65. A pair of the curious small variety of the Common 

Partridge, which rarely occurs in France. Lord Stanley (£4 4«.). 

Lot 66. Curious variety of the Arctic Gull; killed in the 

Orkneys " by Mr. Sands " (MS. note in Professor Newton's copy). 

Baron Langier (34«.). 

Lot 68. Larus Glaucus ; killed on Loch Lomond ; very rare 
•8 a British bird. "Shot by Dr. Stuart of Lugs" (MS. note in 
IVofessor Newton's copy). Lord Stanley (19«.). 

Lot 113. A case containing Twenty Birds, from Sierra Leone ; 
netrlj the whole of which are undescribed ; a most interesting 
lot to the naturalist. Professor Temminck (£16 10a.). 

Lot 125. Doubtful Bar bet ; very rare and fine. Professor 
Temminck (£2 4«.). 

Lot 128. Yellow-pinioned Finch, Latham MS., not described. 
Mr.Molinari(24a.). 

Lot 128. Two beautiful Pigeons, supposed male and female ; 
iltot by Sir Joseph Banks, in his voyage with Capt. Cook ; the 
only ones known. Mr. Ledbetter (£7 Is,), 

Br. Leach did not appear at this stage of the sale, and the 
principal British buyers were Lord Stanley, Mr. Vigors, Mr. 
Swainson, Mr. Molinari [or Molinaire, as the Museum copy has 
the name]. Colonel Bullock, Mr. Sabine, Mr. Riddell, Captain 
Lukejr, Mr. Ryall, Mr. Ashmead. Many specimens went abroad 
vith IWessor Temminck, Baron Laugier making only a few 
purchases. The Marquis of Buckingham bought, for £47 5«., 
I^t HI, "The Great Boa Constrictor, thirty-two feet long, in 
the act of seizing a Deer ; most beautifully set up, and considered 
as the finest subject in the Museum." A MS. note in Professor 
Newton's copy declares that *' the Boa was only 20 feet long, but 
much thicker." 

The TwEKTY-THiBD Day's Salk took place on the 8th of June, 
1819, and commenced with " foreign birds." 



236 Zoology. 

Lot 1. Black Cuckow of Africa, " brot. by S' J. Banks " (MS • 
note in Professor Newton's copy). Captain Laskey (5<.). 

Lot 10. Manakin unknown (3«.). 

Lot 11. Beautiful Manakin, unknown (198.). Both Iota boughft?- 
by Mr. Swainson. 

Lot 13. Manakin, unknown. Lord Stanley (128.). 

Lot 14. White-crowned Manakin, unknown; very rare. Mr. 
Riddle (11«.). 

Lot 15. Olive Manakin ; rare (male and female) (14«.). 

Lot 16. A beautiful Manakin, undescribed (12«.). Both lots 
bought by Mr. Swainson. 

Lot 18. Black-headed Chatterer, Swainson's MS.,Bra2dI; veiy 
rare. Lord Stanley (2l8.). 

Lot 33. A beautiful White-winged Heron, from India ; un- 
known. Lord Stanley (21«.). 

Lot 26. Woodpecker, unknown. Prof. Temminck (£2). 

Lot 30. A fine specimen of the Blut^ vented Bee-eater ; very 
rare. Prof. Lichtenstein (30«.). 

Lot 33. Great Ivory-billed Woodpecker. Prof. Temminck 

(IS)*.)- 

Lot 36. Two Green Manakins, unknown. Mr. Swainson (7#.). 

Lot 40. Long-tailed Black Grosbeak, from the South Seas ; 
unknown. Lord Stanley (£2). 

Lot 42. Great Red Grosbeak of (Tuiana (male and female). 
To this and Lot 43 are applied in MS. the name "Tanager 
Divaricata" in Professor Newton's copy. Prof. Temminck 
bought Lot 42 for 2 guineas, and Lot 43 cost Prof. lichten- 
stein 15/t. 

Lot 45. Little Bullfinch, from Brazil ; rare. Mr. Swainson 

(9«.). 

Lot 50. Large Black Grosbeak, from Guiana ; unknown (male 
and female). Mr. Rid dell (21«.). 

Lot 58. Large African Grosbeak, unknown (male and female). 
Lord Stanley (30«.). 

Lot 65. Parrot-billed Grosbeak. In both copies of the Cata- 
logue, Professor Liclitenstcin is said to have purchased this lot 
for a guinea. But, as Pn)fessor Newton very justly points out, 
this may have lieen a mistake for Temminck, as the species is 
not mentioned by Lichtenstein in his " Nomenclator." Tem- 
minck, on the other hand, says that two specimens from the 
Bullock collection are in the Leyden Museum. 

Lot 66. Grosbeak, unknown. Lord Stanley (20«.). 



• Birds. 237 

Lot 67. Grosbeak, from the Cape ; unknown. Prof. Temminck 

(161.). 

Lot 69. Pair of Large Black Grosbeaks, with white throats, 
hm Guiana. Prof. lichtenstein (298.). 

Lot 70. Gold-back Grosbeak, from the Cape. Lord Stanley 

Lot 71. Black Grosbeak [said in MS. note in Professor 
Newton's copy to be an " Oriole "], unknown. Mr. Molinari (5«.). 
Lot 72. A beautiful small Grosbeak, unknown, from Africa. 
Mr.Rid(lell(9«.). 

Lot 73. Ditto. Mr. Molinari (10«. 6ff.). 
Lot 74. Red-rumped Grosbeak from New Holland. Prof, 
lichtenstein (68.). 

Lot 75. Pair of small Black-and-white Grosbeaks, from Africa, 
ftxrf. Temminck (10«.). 

Lot 76. Ditto. Mr. Molinari (6«. 6d.). 
Lot 77. Unknown. Lord Stanley (16«.). 
Lot 78. Another Black-and-white Grosbeak ; new. Lord 
Stanley (8i.). 

Lot 79. Pair of Fine Grosbeaks, from Canada (male and 
fennle). Unknown. Lord Stanley (£2 12«. 6ri.). 
Lot 83. Grosbeak, unknown. Molinari (38.). 
Lot 84. Two Grosbeaks, unknown. (158.) 
Lot 87. Two small Grosbeaks, from Africa. Prof. Temminck 
(15..). 

Lot 88. Grosbeak, from the Brazils ; unknown. Prof. 
Temminck (22*.). 

The rest of the twenty -third day's sale consists of Flycatchers 
ttid Thrushes, apparently those which it was agreed to sell in 
separate lots on May 28th. 

No. 89. Orange-breasted Flycatcher, from New Holland. 
Lord Stanley (22«.). 

Lot 90. Scarlet-breasted ditto, from ditto. Prof. Lichten- 
«tein(14#.). 

Lot 91. Flycatcher, from the Cape (24«.). 
Lot 92. Ditto. Lord Stanley (8«.). 

Lot 94. Crested Flycatcher, from America. Prof. Lichten- 
stem (22«.). 

Lot 96. White-eyed Flycatcher, from America ; rare. Mr. 
Swainaon (12«.). 

Lot 97. Yellow Flycatcher ; unknown. Prof. Lichtenstein 
(10..). 



238 Zoology. 

Lot 98. Blue Flycatcher, from America. Prof. Temmizmc^l^ 

(10..). 

Lot 99. Unknown. Prof. Temminck (9«.). 

Lot 100. Beautiful White Flycatcher, from the Cape("Riv-«r 
Plata," MS. note in Professor Newton's copy). Lord Stanley 
(£2 10«.). 

Lot 101. Fan-tailed Flycatcher, from New HoUand (maJ^ 
and female). Prof. Temminck (15«.). 

Lot 102. Long-tailed Flycatcher, from Madagascar (mal^ 
and female). Prof. Lichtenstein (38«.). 

Lot 103. Ditto. Professor Newton's copy has a MS. not^y 
"the fem. another species." Mr. Swainson (£2 4«.). 

Lot 104. A ditto; "the male bird" (MS. note). Prof- 
Temminck (26«.). 

Lot 105. Round-crested Flycatcher, from Peru. Lord Stanleys 
(£4). Probably a Muscivora. 

Lot 106. Red-eyed Flycatcher, from Africa. Mr. Riddell (9«.). 

Lot 107. Ditto. Mr. Molinari (128.) Probably a species oT 
Platystira. 

Lot 108. Curious Short-tailed Fly-catcher, unknown* Lord 
Stanley (17«.). 

Lot 109. Yellow-breasted Flycat<;her from the Cape (male 
and female). Prof. Temminck (32^.). Professor Newton's 
copy has the word female erased, and a MS. note, " another 
species." 

Lot 110. Flat-crowned Flycatcher from New Zealand (male 
and female). Prof. Temminck (288.) 

Lot 112. A beautiful specimen of the Pied Flycatcher; a 
very rare British specimen (sic), Mr. Taylor (2l8.). 

Lot 113. Flycatcher, unknown. Mr. Swainson (6«.). 

Lob 117. Two Flycatchers. Prof. Temminck (9«.). 

Lot 118. White-crowned Tlirush. Prof. Tenmiinck (17«.). 

Lot 119. Red-bellied Thrush, Latham MS. (male and female). 
Prof. Temminck (If)*.). 

Lot 120. Round-tailed Thrush, Latham MS. Mr. Riddell 

(198.). 

Lot 121. Rufus-bellied Thrush. Corrected in a MS. note in 
Professor Newton's copy to " Ditto " (i.e. the preceding species). 
Prof. Temminck (2l8.). 

Lot 122. Red-breasted Thrush; Cook's voyages (male and 
female) ; " from S^ J. Banks " (MS. note in Professor Newton's 
copy). Mr. Swainson (15«.). 



Birds. 239 

Lol 123. The Ruslrbellied Glossy Thrush, Latham. Professor 
liditenstein (20«.). 

Lot 124. Sky-blue Thrush, L'Ech^nilleur gris of Le Vaillant, 
(Ks. d'Afrique. Professor Temminck (19«.). 

Lot 125. Glossy Thrush. Lord Stanley (£4 Us, 6d.). 

Lot 128. Tetuan Thrush, Latham MS. Mr. Molinari (6«. 6d.). 

Lot 129. Blue Thrush (in Professor Newton's copy altered to 
"Blue-taUed Thrush "). Lord Stanley (32«.). 

Lot 136. Embroidered Thrush, from the Cape, L'Echenilleur 
JMnc of Le Vaillant. Mr. Fector (20«.). 

Lot 131. Sooty Thrush. Lord Stanley (10«.). 

Lot 137. Unknown. Lord Stanley (22«.). 

Lot 138. Red-vented Thrush. Lord Stanley (16#.). 

Lot 139. Male and female Thrush, unknown. Mr. Molinari 
(12,.). 

Lots 140 to 145 were aU unknown species, and were pur- 
diased by Lord Stanley, Mr. Molinari, and Mr. Swainson. 
The latter bought three lots, one being Lot 143, unknown 
Ibnuh, from Tristran D'Ancunha, for 188. He also bought two 
krgecases(£5 8«. 6d.). 

The TwBNTY-POUBTH Day's Sale took place on Wednesday, 
June 9, 1819. The Thrushes were continued, and Mr. Swainson 
bought 8e?eral lots. 

Lot 1. Gutteral Thrush, new (in Professor Newton's copy 
the word "Holland" is added in MS. to "new"). Mr. 
SwainaoQ (4«.). 

Lot 3. Pensive ditto (male and female). Prof. Lichtenstein 
(10..). 

Lot 4. Ferruginous Thrush. Prof. Temminck (8«.). 

Lot 5. Unknown Thrush. Prof. Temminck (33«.). 

Lot 6. Olive-backed Thrush. Mr. Swainson (7«.). 

Lot 7. Black-breasted Thrush. Prof. Temminck (19«.). 

Lots. Black-eyed Thrush, New Holland. Prof. Temminck 
(8..). 

Lot 9. Black-browed Thrush, New Holland (male and 
female). Mr. Swainson (8«.). 

Lot 10. White-cheeked Thrush, New Holland. Prof. 
Tenuninck (98.). 

Lot 11. Chiming Thrush. Mr. Swainson (69.). 

Lot 12. Senegal Thrush. Prof. Temminck (9«.). 

Lot 13. Ditto. Mr. Swainson (6«.). 



240 Zoology. 

Lot 14. A Rufus Thrush, unknown. Mr. Molinari (8«.). 

Lot 15. Pair of Rufus-headed ditto. Mr. Fector (13«.). 

Lot 16. Black-cheeked ditto, "Latham MSS." (note 
Prof. Newton's copy). Mr. Swainson {Via,), 

Lot 19. Red- vented Thrush, of the Cape. Mr. Swayns 
(«c) (11«.). 

Lot 20. Rufous-beUied Thnish, Latham MS. Mr. Warwi 
(fw. 6d.). 

Lot 21. Ditto, a very fine specimen. Mr. Artis (14». 6d). 

Lot 22. Long-tailed Glossy Thrush, a noble specimen. Pn 
Lichtenstein (£4 108.). 

Lot 23. Shining Thrush, of Senegal. Mr. Fector (30#.). 

Lot 24. Ditto. Mr. Molinari (22«.). 

Lot 25. Another species of ditto. Mr. Molinari (18«.). 

Lot 26. Another, quite distinct. Lord Stanley (158.). 

Lot 27. A Cinereous Thrush, of New Holland. Mr. Swai 
son. (5«.). 

Lot 28. A pair of the Spotted-shouldered Thrush, of N< 
Holland. Professor Lichtenstein (178.). 

Lot 29. Pair of the Red-breasted Thrush. Profess 
Temminck (14«.). 

Lot 30. Mocking Bird or JVIimic Thrush, of North Ameri 
(male and female), with nest and eggs. Mr. Vigors (22«.). 

Ix)t 31. Golden-crowned Thrush (male and female). M 
Swainson (9«.). 

Lot 34. Golden Thi-ush [altered in a MS. note to Profess 
Newton's copy to "Oriole"]. East Indias. Mr. Molinari (15« 

Ix)t 35. White-backed Black Thrush; rare. Mr. Feet 
(6«.). 

Lot 36. Ditto. Professor Temminck (8».). 

Lot 37. Pectoral Thrush, Latham MS. Professor Temmin 

(9«.)- 

Lot 38. Scarlet-throated Thrush, from the Cape; rai 

Professor Temminck (30«.). 

Lot 39. Brown-headed Thrush, unknown ; " New Hollonc 

(MS. note in Professor Newton's copy). Mr. Molinari (5«.). 

Then followed the sale of the " Warblers, Motacilla." 

Lot 40. Yellow Red-pole Warbler. Professor Lichtenste 

(ll«.). 

Lot 41. Hooded Warbler {''^g, in Amer. Ornith.," MS 

note in Professor Newton's copy). Professor Lichtenstein (15#. 



Birds. 241 

Lot 42. Black-throated Blue Warbler (male and female). 
Messor Temminck (13«.). 

Lot 43. Bar-tailed Warbler. Lord Stanley (10«.). 

Lot 45. Blue Warbler, or Blue Robin of America (male and 
female). Professor Temminck (28«.). 

Lot 46. Yellow-breasted Warbler (male and female) ; ^*^g. in 
Amer. Om." (MS. note in Professor Newton's copy). Professor 
Iiditai8tein(ll».). 

Lot 47. Olive Warbler (male and female). Professor Tem- 
Biiick(9i.). 

Lot 48. Worm-eating Warbler. Mr. Swainson (6«.). 

Lot 49. Equatorial Warbler. Mr. Swainson (15«.). 

Lot 50. Ruby-crowned Warbler (male and female). Mr. 
Svabflon (10». 6d,). 

Lot 51. Grey-pole Warbler. Mr. Warwick (7«. Qd.). 

Lot 52. Equinoctial Warbler (male and female). Lord 
Slinley (19#.). 

Lots 53 (10».) and 54 (16«.). Soldier Warbler, of New 
HolJAiid. Professor Lichtenstein. 

Lot 55. Black-and-green Warbler (male and female). Mr. 
Vigors (16«.). 

Lot 57 [56 omitted]. A ditto, different from the last (" Black 
ttd Blue," MS. note in Professor Newton's copy). Mr. Vigors 
(16.). 

Lot 58. Blue-breasted Warbler. Mr. Molinari (10k.). 

Lot 59. Crested Olive Warbler (male and female). Professor 
Temminck (7«.). 

Lot 60. Rufus-tailed Warbler. Mr. Swaiiison (5».). 

Lot 61. Three different species of Wren from America. 
Mr.Swaiiison(10«.). 

Lot 62. Pair of Buff-headed Warblers, of New Holland, 
ftofessor Temminck (20«.). 

Lot 63. Thick-bellied (sic) Warblers, and another. Professor 
Temminck (8#.). 

Lot 64. Two different Warblers, unknown. Professor 
Temminck (15«.). 

Lot 65. Two ditU). Professor Temminck (35«.). 

Lot 67. Yellow-rumped Warbler (male and female). Mr. 
^^»MMon (9«.). 

Lot 68. Rufus-vented Black Warbler, unknown. Mr. 
Swtinwn (7«. 6d.). 

Lot 69. Pair, unknown. Mr. Swainson (10«.). 
▼ou n. R 



242 Zoology. 

Lot 70. Buff-rumped Warbler (male and female). M 
Swainson (10«.). 

Lot 71. Two Warblers, unknown. Mr. Swainson (7«.). 

Lot 72. Undescribed. Professor Lichtenstein (14#.). 

Lot 73. Yellow-breasted Warbler, and another. FroleM 
Temminck (10«.). 

Lot 74. Three Warblers, unknown. Mr. Molinari (12#.). 

Tx)t 75. Two ditto. Mr. Swainson (4«.). 

Lot 76. Spotted-winged Warbler, and another. Mr. Swainao! 
(lf)«.). 

Lot 77. Two [" Three," MS. note in Professor Newton' 
copy]. Captain Laskey (7«.). 

Lot 78. Tyrant Flycatcher (male and female). Mr. SwainflOi 
(18,.). 

Lot 79. Male ditto. Mr. Vigors (6«. 6d.). 

Lot 80. Pair of Flycatchers, unknown. Professor Temnuiid 
(13,.). 

TiOt 93. Red-winged Flycatcher ; rare. Lord Stanley (18#.' 

Lot 95. Pair of African Larks. Mr. Swainson. (5<.). 

Lot 9G. Pair of White-throated Larks, from Africa. Lev 
Stanley (13«.). 

Lot 97. Two Larks, unknown. Mr. Molinari (9».). 

Lot 98. Two Black Larks (" var. of the Common Sky Larl 
MS. note in Professor Newton's copy). Mr. Riddell (6«.). 

Lot 99. Grasshopper Lark ; rare. Mr. Molinari (6«.). 

Lot 100. Titlark and Grey Wagtail. (In Professor Newtoi 
copy, the word "Grey" is erased, and "fern, of the Yellow 
inserted in MS.) Mr. Swainson (5«.). 

Lot 101. Black-breasted Lark (male and female). > 
Vigors (9«.). 

Lot 102. Throe various Larks. Mr. Swainson (8*.). 

Tjot 103. Purple-rumpcd Creeper; very rare and fine. A 
Swainson (£2 4,.). 

Lot 104. Wall Creeper ; rare and fine. Mr. Hall (28«.). 

Lot 105. Coloured ["Collared"; MS. note in ProfesE 
Newton's copy] Creeper ; very fine. Mr. Swainson (30».). 

Lot 106. Pair of Common Creepers. Mr. Swainson (6«.). 

Lot 107. Puiple-breasted Creeper ; undescribed, " from Javj 
(MS. note in Profe^ssor Newton's copy). Mr. Swainson (14«.). 

Lot 108. Purple Creeper, unknown. Mr. Swainson (10«.). 

Lot 110. A Blue-headed Creeper, unknown. Mr. Hi 
(17..). 



I 



Binh, 243 



Lot 110*. A large Creeper from Africa, and its curious nest 
Mr. Svftinson (308.). 

Lot 112. Three various Creepers. Mr. Swainson (12^.). 

Lot 114. The Yew Tanager, from New Holland. Mr. 
Swamflon (10«.). 

Lot 117. Senegal Coly. Mr. Molinari (14«.). 

Lot 118. Ditto. Mr. Swainson (21«.). 

Lot 119. White-backed Coly. Lord Stanley (32«.). 

Several species of Whidah Birds follow :— (Lots 121-124), 
pudttaed by Mr. Swainson and Lord Stanley. Lot 124, un- 
ffcwibed Whidah Bird, is said in a MS. note to Professor 
Hewton's " Catalogue " to have been ** a young bird." Professor 
faDminck bought it for 12«., as also the next, Lot 125, Curious 
White-headed Bunting, unknown (12«.). 

Lot 126. Green Bunting (male and female) ; a very rare 
British bird. In Professor Newton's copy it is said to have been 
porehased by Mr. Vigors for 18«., a MS. note being added, " The 
Ortdan in change of plumage." In the Museum copy, the 
pirehaser is given as " Mr. Molinaire." 

Na 130. Golden-shouldered Bunting, and another. Lord 
Stanley (20«.). 

Lot 131. Ortolan (male and female). Mr. Hall [in the 
Mtteom copy, Mr. Swainson] (9«.) In Professor Newton's copy 
BaMS. note, " Not the Ortolan from the Alpes." 

Lot 133. Red-browed Bunting (male and female), " New 
HoDaad" (MS. note in Professor Newton's copy). Molinari 

(H 

I«t 134. Orange-crowned Yellow Bunting (male and female). 
IWeBBor Temminck (3U.). 

I«t 135. Beautiful small Bunting, undescril>ed. Professor 
Tcinminck(14«.). 

I^t 136. Two Yellow Buntings, different species ; unknown. 
IWeasor Temminck (22«.). 

Lot 137. Pair of Grey Buntings, "from America. See 
Wilson's Ornith." (MS. note in Professor Newton's copy). 
Mr. Vigors (5«.). 

On the 10th of June, 1819, commenced the Twenty-fifth 
^^at's Sale, with some more birds. Ducks, Warblers, and other 
''^isoell&neoas lots of lesser animals. A Mr. Morgan bought a 
Boffel-headed Duck (Lot 2) for 6«., and Lot 6, two Ducks, from 
America, unknown (178.). 

R 2 



244 Zoology. 

Lot 1. Small Blue-winged Shoveller Duck of South Amerieu 
Professor Temminck (18«.)- 

Lot 3. Whistling Duck of New Holland. Ynimr 
Temminck (£1). 

Lot 4. Great-billed Shoveller of ditto. Lord Stanley (5».). 

Lot 5. White-fronted Duck of Hudson's Bay. Mr. Ryall(5i.). 

Lot 6. Two Ducks from America, unknown. Mr. M<X]giD 
(17..). 

Lot 7. Two ditto. Professor Temminck (£2 8«.). 

No. 11. Grasshopper Warbler. Mr. Swainson (8«.). 

Lot 12. Alpine Warbler (male and female). Mr. Swunm 

(12«.). 

Lot 13. Fantail Warbler, Latham MS.; and the Gwy- 
throated Warbler. Mr. Swainson (1 la,). 

Lot 14. Guira Warbler (male and female). Professor Ten- 
minck (168.). 

Lot 15. Great Brazilian Wren. Professor Temminck (12«.). 

Lot 16. Ruf US-throated Warbler, Latham MS., from Januucii 
Mr. Swainson (13».). 

Lot 17. Little Flycatcher, and Tawny-breasted Warbler, 
Latham MS. Mr. Swainson (11«.). 

Lot 18. Bearded Warbler ; very rare. Professor Temminck 

(17».). 

Ix)t 22. Unknown Warbler of New Holland, and the Virescettt 
Warbler, Latham MS. Professor Temminck (12«.). 

Lot 23. Tawney-rumped Warbler, Latham MS., and Yellof^ 
Warbler. Mr. Molinari (11«.). 

Dr. Leach was at this day's sale, as he purchased Lot 25, 
very tine Cancer from Tristan d'Acunha, but he bought no birds. 

The " Birds in glass cases " were chiefly bought by a 
Mr. Lincoln, and by Mr. Jdiolinari, though Mr. Swainson and 
Mr. Vigors secured a few. Swainson also bought some insects 
and a skin of the Boquetaire, or Mountain Goat ; very rare (SOt.) 
Miss Bullock l>ought Lot 99, a Black- winged Parrot, for 16#. ; il 
may have been a family pet. Mr. Vigors bought a " Beautifa 
specimen of the Blossom-headed Parrot " for £2. Swainson bought 
several of the cases ; and one "elegant" case (Lot 1 18), " the oma 
ments taken from rails of Notre Dame " (MS. note in Prafesaoi 
Newton's copy) was bought by a Mr. Hailes for £7 17». M. 

The TwKNTv-siXTH Day's Sale, Friday, June 11, was devoted 
to Napoleonic relics. It included " the £)mperor's carriage, taken 



Birds. 245 

DO tbe eve of Waterloo, and sent, with the officer who took it, 
' , bj Manhal Blftcher, to the Prince Regent, from whom it was 
pBTchased by its present proprietor for the sum of three thousand 
guamBj* The carriage was bought by Mr. Hopkinson, coach 
Mker, Holboro, for £168. 

Mr. Riddell and Mr. Molinari again appear as purchasers for 
noe of the Napoleonic relics, and Mr. Vigors bought a linen 
ioveL Lot 103, a silver helmet, taken at Waterloo, and Lot 104, a 
tnphjof French arms and colours, from Waterloo, were purchased 
ly "Walter Scott, Esq.," for £5 15«. and £3 13«. 6d. respectively. 
Colonel Birch's '* smaU but very fine collection of Organised 
FoMLS, fnnn the Blue Lias formation at Lyme and Charmouth 
m Dorsetshire, consisting principally of bones, illustrating the 
vMogy of the Ichthio-saurus, or Proteo-saurus, etc.," was sold 
bj Bollock, " at his Egyptian Hall in Piccadilly '' on Monday, 
tiiel^ day of May, 1820, so that it would seem that, after the 
di^«nal of his private Museum, he still continued liis business 
tt in auctioneer. Dr. Leach bought some of the lots, but 
Lot 102, " a skeleton of the Ichthio^aurus," was, according to a 
MS. note in Professor Newton's copy of the Catalogue, " Bo^ in ; 
nnti £300 for it." A further MS. note says : ^* since purchased 
far £100 for the Surgeon's Museum, London." 



We take up once more the authentic record of the bird 
ooDections in the year 

1816. 

In this year the Montagu collection was purchased. It con- 
Mted of the most complete series of British birds of the time, 
iiit, IS I have stated before, owing to the defective preparation 
of the q)ecimens, many of them have fallen to pieces. Colonel 
Montagu was the author of the '* Ornithological Dictionary," an 
oceaUeat work in its day, and the specimens purchased by the 
Mueom were doubtless the ones which had served for the 
faerqytions in his work. 

The Montagu collection, as it existed in 1816, when Dr. 
I«ich was the Keeper of the Zoological Department, may be 
defeennined by his '* Systematic Catalogue of the specimens of the 
IndigenooB Mammalia and Birds that are preserved in the British 
Muenm, with their localities and authorities " (8vo, pp. 1-42). This 
iittie pamphlet was printed (no doubt for the Trustees) by Richard 



246 Zoology. 

and Arthur Taylor, Shoe Lane, who in 1818 printed the " Sjnopn 
of the Contents of the British Museum " (anteaj p. 155). A reprinl 
of Leach's " Systematic Catalogue " was published in 1882 by Um 
Willughby Society, and was edited by the late Osbert Salvin. Thi 
editor points out that, as the catalogue was printed on one side d 
the paper only, it was probably intended as a label-catalogue foi 
the specimens, and of this, I think, there can be no doubt. It k 
very useful as a catalogue of the Montagu collection of birdi 
which was obtained from " G. Montagu, Esq., Jun." The " Solitai] 
Stare," represented by a specimen from Yorkshire given by tht 
Rev. James Dalton, was found to be merely the young of thi 
Common Stare. {Cf. Leach, i.e., Errata.) Of Leach's *< Catalogue,' 
Mr. Salvin says : — " It is also a question if it was ever actoiU] 
published in the ordinary sense, for though the printer's name v 
given at the foot of the title page, no publisher is mentioned 
(The same may be said of the Guide-book to the Museum, priniec 
by Messrs. R. and A. Taylor, who were then evidently employe! 
by the Trustees, whose name did not appear.) It is impoesibli 
to overlook Leach's Catalogue, as his names have been oonstantl; 
referred to by subsequent authors, and, for good or bad, mitf 
take their place in nomenclature." 

Sir E. Maunde Thompson has very kindly supplied me wil 
the following memoranda from the archives of the Britii 
Museum. On the 14th June, 1816, Leach recommended tl 
purchase of the Montagu collection for £1,200. The purcha 
was approved by the Trustees, Sir Joseph Banks recommendii 
it, and on the 1st of October^ 1816, Leach reported the sa 
arrival of the collection. 

1837. 

This was the first year in which a serious attempt if 
made to keep an official register of the acquisitions. 668 specimc 
presented; 591 purchased. Total, 1259. 

John Gould presented 172 specimens of birds to the Musea 
and 111 more were purchased from him. They were from varic 
localities, but included a few Australian species, showing th 
even at this early date, he was receiving specimens from someo 
in that continent. 

310 birds were purchased in Paris from the collection of t 
late Baron Laugier de Chartrouse, who had collaborated wj 
Temminck in the production of the " Planches Coloriees." 

187 birds presented by Sir W. Burnett and Captain Fitzn 



Birds. 247 

The latter officer had been the commander of the Beagle^ and 
Hn ot^ection was probably made during that expedition. 

126 birds from British Guiana, collected by Sir R. Schom- 
borgk, and presented by the Royal Geographical Society. 

1838. 

434 specimens presented ; 245 purchased. Total number of 
iUitions, 679. 

Of special interest are the following : — 

158 birds from Tasmania ; presented by Rouakl Gunn, Esq. 
Ibralong time the only collection of Tasnianian birds in the 
Miueam, and of great value at the time of its presentation, but 
from being mounted for many years in the Gallery, the specimens 
were ruined by light and dust, and but few now remain. 

82 specimens of birds from India and China ; presented by 
John Russell Reeves, Esq. 

Ill specimens purchased at the sale of the South African 
Mrneum. Dr. J. E. Gray records the fact that they were all 
"stofilBd by Messrs. Verreaux" and were collected during Sir 
A. Smithes expeditions into the interior of South Africa. Many 
types were included in the series. 

1839. 

225 specimens presented ; 238 purchased. Total number of 
•eqoisitions, 463. 

No addition of any importance took place this year, but an 
cfint was evidently being made to replenish the collection of 
British Birds, since 114 young birds of various species were 
presented by Mr. J. Baker. 

1840. 

136 specimens presented ; 141 purchased. Total number of 
«dditi(His, 277. 

Nothing added of any great importance. 

47 British birds, presented by Mr. J. Baker. 

62 birds from West Australia. Presented by Capt. [after- 
^wds Sir George] Grey. 

These specimens were obtained by John Gould, and doubtless 
given to Governor George Grey, with whom Gould was on terms 
^ great friendship. 

1841. 

385 specimens presented ; 583 purchased. Total number of 
•dditiooa, 968. 



248 Zoology. 

Only two acquisitions of any note, viz. : — 

332 birds from South Australia. Purchased from M 

78 birds from Kerguelen Land, collected by the natv 

the Antarctic Expedition. Presented by the Lord 

Admiralty. 

1842. 

492 specimens presented; 870 purchased; 92 re< 
exchange. Total, 1454. 

Of special importance were : — 

120 birds from Port Essington, North Australia. 1 
by Captain Chambers, R.N. 

160 birds from the Philippine Islands, including sev< 
of new species. Purchased of Mr. Hugh Cuming. 

49 birds from Abyssinia and Shoa, including severa 
of his new species, collected by Dr. E. Ruppell. 

1 19 birds from New Zealand and adjacent islands, 
by the naturalists of the Antarctic Expedition. Pres 
the Lords of the Admiralty. 

1843. 

2027 specimens, presented ; 799 purchased. Total, 

The most important additions were : — 

1 302 birds from Nepal, including numbers of types. ] 

by B. H. Hodgson, Esq. 

This is the first instalment of the great Hodgson do 
302 birds from South Australia. Presented b} 

[afterwards Sir George] Grey. 

43 nests of Australian birds. Presented by John G 

50 birds collected in Chili by Mr. T. Bridges. 

83 birds from various localities. Presented by Sir £ 

1844. 

969 specimens presented ; 368 purchased. Total, 1 

Important additions were : — 

222 birds from the Antarctic Ocean, the Falklam 
Cape of Good Hope, etc., obtained by the naturalis 
Antarctic Expedition. Presented by the Lords of the A 

139 birds from Tenasserim. Presented by J. D. C. 
Esq. 

This collection was never worked out by Greorj 
Gray, the specimens having been somewhat roughly ] 



Birds. 249 

With the donation of Mr. Allan Hume's splendid series of 
Tenuserim birds, many specimens from the old Packman collection 
hare been disposed of as duplicates. 

107 birds, mostly from North Australia, collected by Dr. J. 
Becte Jukes, during the voyage of H.M.S. Fly. 

222 specimens from Brazil. Presented by M. Claussen. 

8 q)eciinens purchased of Leadbeater, duplicates from the 
Leyden Museum. 

1845. 

2203 specimens presented; 371 purchased; 10 received iii 
exdbaoge. Total, 2584. 

Among the notable accessions were : — 

1391 birds from Nepal, and 301 from Behar, being the second 
iod Hard instalments of the collections presented by B. H. 
Hodgson, Esq. 

57 birds from the Madras Presidency, including several types 
<rf new species figured in the ** Illustrations of Indian Ornith- 
ology." Presented by T. C. Jerdon, Esq. 

30 specimens from New Zealand, including the type of 
Oofdromiu earli and other rare species. Presented by Percy 
Earl, Esq. 

52 specimens from Cayenne. Presented by H. C. Rothery , Esq. 

35 birds from Port Essington. Presented by Dr. Sibbald. 

54 birds from Shoa, duplicates from the collection made by 
Sir W. Cornwallis Harris. Presented by the Hon. East India 
Oompany. 

296 specimens from South Africa and Madagascar. Presented 
by Sir Andrew Smith. 

91 specimens from Para. Presented by R. Graham, Esq. 

1846.. 

849 specimens presented ; 1072 purchased. Total, 1921. 

Among (he principal acquisitions were : — 

124 birds from Central Australia. Presented by Capt. Sturt. 

270 birds from various localities. Presented by Edward 
Wilson, Esq. 

-71 birds from Bolivia. Collected by Mr. T. Bridges. 

147 birds and eggs from Tunis. Collected by Mr. Louis 
Frwer. 

59 birds from New Zealand, Tasmania, and the Pacific 
^^'^ Presented by Sir Everard Home, Bart. 



250 Zoologj/, 

1847. 

563 specimens presented ; 604 purchasfnl. Total, 1 1 

The principil additions were : — 

44 birds from New Zealand. Presented by Sir Geor 

134 birds from Jamaica. Collected by P. H. Gos 
This collection contains the types of the species describ 
** Birds of Jamaic;i." 

171 birds from Australia. Presented by Sir T. Mit< 

1848. 

340 specimens presented ; 185 purchased. Total, 52 

135 birds and eggs from llepulse Bay. Presenti^l I 
Rae. 

307 birds fi*om Sikhim. Presented by B. H. Hodgs 
The fourth inst^vlment of the great Hodgson donation. 

1849. 

93 specimens presented ; 399 purchased. Total, 492 
147 birds from New Zealand. Presented by Capt 

R.N., of H.M.S. Acheron, Collected by Dr. Lyall. 
173 specimens from various parts of the British 

Purchased of Mr. J. Baker. 

1850. 

671 specimens presented ; 532 purchased. Total, 15 
230 birds from the Pacific coast of America, C 

Islands, etc. Presented by Capt. Kellett, H.M.S. He 

Lieut. Wood, H.M.S. Pandora, 

204 birds from the Islands of Tori-es Straits and 

parts of Australia. Presented by Capt. Owen Staidey 

of H.M.S. Baitlesnake). 

36 eggs from Greenland. ColUjcted by Governor H 

37 birds from San Domingo. Collected by Mr. 
SaU6. Purchased from Mr. Hugh Cuming. 

1851. 

284 specimens presented ; 637 purchased. Total, 9: 
44 birds from the Falkland Islands and from islant 
Australian coast, the Louisiades, etc. Presented 
Macgillivray, Esq. (Voyage of H.M.S. Baitlesnake), 



Birds. 251 

1852. 

307 specimens presented; 419 purchased. Total, 726. 
115 eggs, presented by H. F. Walter, Esq. 
106 birds from New Zealand. Presented by Captain Stokes, 
R.N. 

29 birds from Dainara Land, collected by C. J. Andersson. 

1853. 

M specimens presented ; 488 purchased. Total, 646. 
104 birds from Bagdad. Presented by Kenneth Loftus, Elsq. 
55 Humming Birds, and 86 Toucans. Purchased of Mr. 
Gould. 

1854. 

84 specimens presented ; 540 purchased. Total, 624. 
127 specimens from Bogota. Purchased of Mr. Samuel 
Stevois. 

1855. 

150 specimens presented ; 742 purchased. Total, 892. 

403 birds from various localities. Purchased from the 
Zoological Society. 

On the determination of the Zoological Society to give up its 
Museum, the iirst choice of acquiring the specimens was offered 
to the British Museum, which thus regained the typical examples 
described from the voyage of the Beagle and other exploring 
vessels, the collections of which should by rights have gone into 
the national museimi. A few seem to have been overlooked 
fcy Mr. 6. R. Gray and passed into the hands of private 
collectors, but within the past few years some of these have 
likewise been regained by the Museum, on the death of the 
owners, whose collections have been dispersed. 

1855. 

101 birds from South America. Purchased of Mr. J. Gould. 
88 birds from N. W. America. Presented by Captain Collin- 
son, R.N. (H.M.SS. Enterprise and Endeavour). 

1856. 

319 birds presented ; 160 purchased. Total, 429. 
36 birds from Teheran, Persia, collected by the Hon. 
C. Murray. Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 



252 Zoology. 

5 birds from New Zealand. Purchased of Mr. W. Man 
(through Mr. Gould). Among these were the type-specimeiL 
Nestor notabiUs and S^ttda variegata, as well as the first peri 
specimen of Notomis marUeUi, 

46 birds from the Fiji Islands, Norfolk Island, etc. Collec 
by Dr. F. M. Rayner (H.M.S. Herald). Presented by the Lc 
of the Admiralty. 

23 birds and eg^ from Candahar. Presented by Ci 
Hutton. 

Includes the types of several species described by the don< 

1857. 

268 specimens presented ; 660 purchased. Total, 928. 

66 birds from Lombok, collected by Dr. A. R. Wallace. 

This was the commencement of the long series of coUecti 
made by Dr. A. R. Wallace during his celebrated expeditioi 
the Malay Archipelago. Dr. Wallace kept the first set 
himself, and only duplicates were sold ; but the collections ¥ 
submitted in their entirety to Mr. Greorge Robert Gray 
description, the actual types of new species being returned, v 
the first set, to Dr. Wallace's agent, Mr. Samuel Stevens. 

25 birds, with 12 types of new species, collected in Cord4 
S. Mexico, by M. Auguste Sall^. 

249 birds from N.W. Australia, collected by Dr. J. R. Eli 

347 birds from various localities. Purchased of Mr. J 
Gould. 

1858. 

114 specimens presented ; 1112 purchased. Total, 1226. 

Specially interesting' are the following items : — 

38 birds from the Amazons (Rio Javari, etc.), collected 
H. W. Bates. 

150 birds, obtained by Dr. A. R. Wallace in the Key 
Aru Islands. 

58 birds from Celebes, collected by Dr. A. R. Wallace. 

49 eggs of British birds. Presented by Frederic Bond, E 

32 birds purchased at the sale of Dr. Van Lidth de JeU' 
Museuui. 

This was one of the most celebrated private collections 
Europe at the time. In addition to many specimens of inte: 
to the Museum, a second specimen of the Great Auk (Plat 
impennis) was acquired for the National Collection. 



Birds. 253 

A ^imen of the Whale-headed Stork {Balan{cej)» rex) was 
lequired by purchase. 

1859. 

785 specuuens presented ; 638 purchased. Total, 1423. 

41 birds from the Fiji Islands and other localities in the 
hdfic Ocean, collected Dr. F. M. Rayner (Voyage of H.M.S. 
iMi). Presented by the Lords of the AdmiraJtj. 

91 birds from Vancouver Island. Presented by Dr. Ljall 
(Voyage of H.M.S. Plumper). 

598 birds from Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq. 
Fifth iDsUdment of the great Hodgson Collection. 

132 birds and eggs, including Capt. Abbott's series of eggs 
from the Falkland Islands. Purchased of Mr. Gould. 

6 birds and 15 nests from St. Croix and St. Thomas, W.I. 
Presented by Professor Newton. 

83 birds from Batchian, Amboina, and N.W. New Guinea 
(Dorey), from Dr. A. R. Wallace's collection. 

41 birds from New Caledonia and the New Hebrides, ct>llected 
by John Macgillivray, including types of several new species. 

33 nests with eggs of birds from Natal, collected by Mr. 
Thomas Ayres. 

88 birds from various localities, including typi»s of several 
species. Purchased of M. Parzudaki. 

^■J birds from various localities. Purchased of Mr. John 
Gould. 

1860. 

1029 specimens presented ; 956 purchased. Total, 1985. 
o4 birds and 36 eggs from Natal, collected by Dr. 
Gueinzius. 

255 specimens from Dr. Wallace's collections, from Batchian, 
Hahnahera, Ternate, Celebes, Timor, Ceram, containing many 
new species. 

106 birds from Vancouver Island and 131 birds from 
British Columbia, collected by Mr. J. K. LiOrd, the naturalist 
^ the British North American Boundaiy Commission, and 
presented by the Foreign Office. 

48 birds from Guatemala. Presented by Osbert Salvin, Es<i. 

These specimens were duplicates from Mr. Salvin 's expedition 
to*Guatemala. 

193 birds from Zambesia, obtained during the Livingstone 



254 Zoology. 

expedition, and preserved by Sir (then Dr.) John Kirk. 
Presented by the Foreign Office. 

92 birds from Ecuador. Purchased of Mr. John Gould. 

584 birds from various parts of the Indian Empire, and 34 
birds from Shoa. Presented by the Secretary of State for 
India. 

1861. 

336 specimens presented ; 407 purchased. Total, 743. 

172 birds from Shoa. Collected by Sir W. ComwaUis 
Harris. Presented by the Secretary of State for India. 

40 birds from Fort Simpson in N.W. British Americ?»- 
Presented by B. R. Ross, Esq. 

116 birds from Dr. A. R. Wallace's Malayan expedition, fro^^o 
My sol, Ceram, and Waigiu. 

26 birds from Gaboon. Purchased of Mr. P. B. Du Chaill-aa- 

17 birds from Upper Burma and Sikhim, with types of ^ 
new species. Presented by Dr. T. C. Jerdon. 

1862. 

133 specimens presented ; 328 purchased. Total, 461. 

221 birds from Dr. A. R. Wallace's Malayan expedition, fronv 
New Guinea, Mysol, Morotai, Timor, Sula Islands, and Bourn. 

16 specimens from Camaroons, W. Africa, with the types of 
4 new species, obtained by Sir Richard Burton; presented by 
Lady Burton. 

1863. 

874 specimens presented ; 141 purchased. Total, 1015. 

398 birds from British Columbia. Presented by J. K. 
Lord, Esq. 

After Mr. Lord had finished his work as naturalist to the 
British North American Boundary Commission, ho remained for 
some time in British Columbia, and made a considerable collection 
of birds. 

40 birds from Dr. A. R. Wallace's Malayan expedition, from 
Flores and Burn. 

139 birds, 16 nests, and 38 eggs, from the Mackenzie River 
district. Presented by B. R. Ross, Esq. 

84 birds from Pegu. Presented by Dr. W. T. Blauford, 
F.R.S. 

87 birds, presented by the Linnean Society. The Linnean 



Birds. 255 

Sodetj detennined in this year to hand over its collection of 
birds to the British Museum. It was a very important donation, 
contaming the types of the Australian birds described by Vigors 
ind Horsfield (Tr. Linn. Soc., xv., pp. 180-330), and the 
ParrolB described by Temminck (Tr. Linn. Soc., xiii., pp. 111- 
129). 

39 birds collected by Sir John Kirk during the Livingstone 
expedition. Presented by the Foreign Otttce. 

44 birds from the Zambesi and Shire Rivers. Collected and 
presented by the Rev. Charles Livingstone, including the type 
of the Livingstone Touraco (Turacus livingstanet). 

An adult specimen of the Whale-headed Stork (Baheniceps 
rex), obtained by Consul Petherick. 

1864. 

79 specimens presented ; 394 purchased. Total, 473. 
265 birds from Palestine. Collected by the Rev. Canon 
Tristram. 

1865. 

216 specimens presented ; 323 purchased. Total, 539. 

88 birds from Guatemala, duplicates from Mr. Osbert Salvin's 
collection. 

115 sets of eggs. Purchased of Mr. John Cxould. 

160 birds from Malacca. Pivsented by W. Harvey, Esq. 

At this time the Museum had very few specimens from the 
Malay Archipelago, and the collection was of great use. By 
tbe presentation of the Hume and Tweeddale collections, Mr. 
Harvey's series, which had no exact localities or dates, was 
superseded, and most of the specimens have been given away to 
other Museums. 

29binl8 from Halmahera, and other islands in the Malay 
Archipelago, collected by Dr. A. R. Wallace. 

1866. 

122 specimens presented; 336 purchased. Total, 458. 

In this year were acquired : — 

66 burds from Upper Amazonia, from Mr. Edward Rartlett's 
expedition to the River Amazon, being the first set of his 
collection [c/. Scl. and Salv., P.Z.S., 1867, pp. 748-759]. 

68 nests from North America. Presented by Osbert 
Salvia, Esq. 



256 Zoology. 

1867. 

Specimens presented, 95 ; purchased, 266. Total, 361. 

66 Domestic Pigeons and Dacks. Presented by Charles 
Darwin, Esq. 

These specimens were valuable, as having served the cele- 
brated author as evidence for his work on the " Variation of 
Animals and Plants under Domestication." 

1868. 

Specimens presented, 18 ; purchased, 274. Total, 292. 

The only noteworthy acquisition in this year was that oi 
126 birds, duplicates from Mr. Osbert Salvin's expedition to 
Central America. 

1869. 

628 specimens presented ; 217 purchased. Total, 845. 

476 birds from Abyssinia, collected by Dr. W. T. Blanforc 
Presented by the Government of India. 

This wiis the second set of specimens from the collectio: 
made by Dr. Blanford, the naturalist appointed to the Abyasiniai 
expedition. After the storming of Magdala he visited tb 
Anseba Valley in Bogas Land accompanied by Mr. W. Jesse 
The first series resulting from this expedition was retained by th' 
Indian Museum in Calcutta, but a very generous selection wa 
j)rcsent^d by the latter institution to the National Collection. 

106 eggs of South African birds. Presented by E. I 
I^ayard, Esq., at that time the Director of the South Africa: 
Museum at Cape Town. 

1870. 

261 specimens presented ; 184 purchased. Total, 445. 

135 birds from the Pacific Islands. Presented by Juliu 
Brenchley, Esq. 

Mr. Brenchley accompanied Sir William Wiseman on th 
cruise of the Curacao in the Pacific. The vessel visited severs 
islands hitherto unexplored, and many new species wer 
procured. 

66 birds from the West Indian Islands. Presented b; 
Mrs. Bryant. 

Dr. Bryant was a celebrated American naturalist, wh 
travelled throughout the West Indies, and, on his death, be 



Birds. 257 

ijonthed his collection to be divided between certain museums 
and well-known ornithologists, in order that these should benefit 
b^ his labours. In England, the British Museum, Dr. Sclater, 
Mr. Salyin and Dr. F. D. Godman were selected, and thus a full 
Ktiea from Dr. Bryant's collection is now in the Natural History 
Museum. 

1871. 

14 specimens presented ; 94 purchased. Total, 108. 

23 birds from Hainan, collected by Consul Robert Swinhoe. 

These were duplicate specimens from Consul Swinhoe's 
Htinan collection, recorded by him in the ''Ibis'' for 1870 
(pp. 77-97, 230-256, 342-367). The full collection was bequeathed 
I^Mr. Henry Seebohm in 1897. 

40 birds from Central Chili, collected by Mr. E. C. Reed. 

1872. 

368 presented ; 596 purchased. Total, 964. 

In Sq)tember of this year I was appointed Assistant in the 
Zoological Department of the British Museum, in charge of the 
ORiithological collection, in succession to Mr. George Robert 
6»y, who died in May, 1872. My first care was to enlist the 
iid of all my personal friends for the increase of the national 
ooUection, with the results recorded in the succeeding years. 

44 birds from Southern Spain. Presented by Colonel L. H. 
%. 

68 birds from South Africa. Bequeathed by the late Sir 
Andrew Smith. 

178 birds from Archangel, and other localities. Presented 
Vy Dr. Bowdler Sharpe. 

22 Gjrr-falcons and Peregrine Falcons. Purchased of Mr. 
John Gould. 

23 birds from Accra, W. Africa, and 17 birds from Avington, 
Hampshire. Presented by Capt. G. E. Shelley. 

1873. 

1571 specimens presented ; 4707 purchased. Total, 6278. 

This year was celebrated for the acquisition of the Wallace 
•nd Monteiro collections, and for several other donations from 
my personal friends, Captain Shelley, Mr. A. Swanzy, Colonel 
J. Hayes Lloyd, Commander Sperling, and Dr. Blanford, all of 

▼OL. II. s 



2o8 Zoology. 

them contributing towards the aooomplishment of the " Catalo] 
of Birds," which Dr. Giinther had then inaugurated. 

2474 specimens from the Malay Archipehigo, coUected 
Dr. A. H. Wallace, and containing the types of all the i 
species described by Mr. G. R. Gray and Dr. A. R. Wall 
himself. 

27 Hawks and Owls from the River Amazon, collected 
Dr. A. R. Wallace (c/. Sclater and Salvin, P.Z.S., 1867, pp. I 
590). 

Dr. Wallace allowed the Museum to acquire his Amason 
collection of Accipitres for the purposes of the " Catalogue 
Birds." The remainder of his South American collection psi 
into the possession of Dr. F. D. Godman, and was afterwi 
presented by him with the rest of his great collection. 

671 birds from various localities. Presented by Dr. Bowi 
Sharpe. 

33 birds from Avington, Hants, and 117 from Egypt, 
Presented by Captain G. K Shelley. 

18 specimens from the Fanti country in Western Afr 
Presented bj Andrew Swanzy, Esq. 

41 specimens from Bogos Land, collected by Mr. £i 
Purchased. 

97 specimens from various localities. Presented by J 
(xould, Esq. 

107 birds from Kattiawar. Presented by Colonel J. Hi 
Lloyd. This collection was described by the donor in the "B 
for 1873 (pp. 397-421), and his memoir is still the only data 
account of the ornithology of this part of India. 

62 birds from Belgium. Presented by the Brussels Muse 

42 birds from Bahia (Wuchprer), S. Ural {Strader), and o 
localities. Purchased of Mr. Gerrard. 

39 birds from the Lower Congo. Presented by Commai 
R. M. Sperling. This collection was described by me in 
" Proceedings of the Zoological Society " for 1873 (pp. 716-7 
A new Goatsucker was named Macrodtpteryx sperlingif ha 
afterwards proved to be only the female of Cosmetamis vexiUoi 

1 79 birds from Angola and Benguela, collected by Mr. % 
Monteiro. This collection contained types of the new spe 
described by the late Dr. G. Hartlaub and myself. 

18 specimens from various localities, including the type 
new species of Owlet, Olauridium tephronotum. Presented 
W, Wilson Saunders, Esq. 



Birds. 259 

1874. 

1227 specimens presented; 1084 purchased; 325 received in 
eiduuige. Total, 2636. 

The most important accessions were : — 

683 Inrds from various localities. Presented by Dr. Bowdler 
Avpe. 

321 specimens from Baluchistan and Persia, collected by Dr. 
W. T. Blanford. Presented by the Indian Museum, Calcutta; 

603 iq)ecimens of African birds. Purchased. 

These were the first and second instalments of my collection of 
Africui birds, which I had to dispose of on entering the Govem- 
■BDt senrice, no officer of the British Museum being allowed to 
keep a private collection of the grouj^ of animals of which he is 
in diarge in the Museimi. 

99 birds from Sweden, collected by Mr. Meves. Purchased. 

35 specimens of Acctpitres from the collection of Consul Robert 
Sfinhoe. Purchased. 

11 birds from Zambesia. Presented by Sir John Kirk. 

59 birds from Peru and Siberia. Received in exchange from 
the Warsaw Museum. 

25 birds from Egypt and the Egyptian Sudan. Presented by 
^ Samuel Baker. 

The types of a new species of Raven from Morocco {Carvus 
^tgikimtj Irby). Presented by Colonel L. H. Irby. 

io birds from the Cape Verde Islands, Gaboon, and Sene- 
iMsa. Purchased of Mr. A. Bouvier. 

62 specimens in spirits from Gaboon. Presented by H. T. 
AwdljEsq. 

1875. 

Specimens presented, 908; purchased, 1194. Total, 2102. 

440 birds from various localities. Presented by Dr. Bowdler 
iiittpe. 

156 birds from Kamptee, Central India. Presented by Dr. 
H. B. Hinde. 

Bl birds from New Zealand. Received in exchange from the 
OAmial Museum, Wellington. 

180 birds from the Transvaal and Orange River Colony. 
Collected by F. A. Barratt, Esq. 

591 African birds from Dr. Bowdler Sharpens collection. 
Por^uued. 

8 2 



260 Zoology. 

1876. 

Specimens presented, 2372 ; purchased, 1656. Total, 4( 

100 specimens from Europe and Asia. Purchased of Mr. 
Gould. 

1246 birds from the North-Westem Himalayas and Ma 
Presented by Capt. Stackhouse Pinwill. 

110 specimens of birds, nests, and eggs, collected in the ] 
of Rodriguez during the Transit of Venus expedition by the 
H. H. Slater and Mr. G. Gulliver. Presented by the 
Society. 

200 birds from Upper Burma, collected by Dr. John An< 
during the Yun-nan expedition. Presented by the Indian Mu 
Calcutta. 

300 birds from Western North America, collected durii 
North American Boundary Commission (49th parallel 
Professor G. Dawson. Presented by the Foreign Office. 

151 birds from British North Borneo, and the lala 
Labuan, collected by Sir Hugh Low. 

750 African birds, being the fourth instalment of Dr. Be 
Sharpens collection. Purchased. 

22 birds and 114 eggs collected in Kerguelen Island 1 
Rev. A. E. Eaton during the Transit of Venus expec 
Presented by the Royal Society. 

77 birds from the Philippine Islands. Collected by Pre 
J. B. Steere. 

1877. 

Specimens presented, 845 ; purchased, 1006. Total, 1^ 

Of special interest were : — 

138 birds from Kingwilliamstown, East Cape Colony, 
sen ted by Major H. Trevelyan. 

r)3 birds from China. Presented by the Shanghai Mas 

25 birds from British New Guinea, collected by O. C. 
Esq. 

12 birds from British New Guinea, collected by Dr. Jai 

3 birds, all new to the collection. Received in exchang 
the Darmstadt Museum. 

600 African birds, being the fourth instalment of Dr. B 
Sharpens collection. Purchased. 

144 birds from Labuan and North West Borneo, coUee 
Governor Ussher. 



Birds. 261 

265 birds from various localities. Presented by Dr. Bowdler 
Shupe. 

87 birds from the Pacific Islands. Purchased from the 
Godeflbf Museum. 

87 birds from Queensland and Abeokuta, West Africa, 
ftvented by Francis Nicholson, Esq. 

54 birds collected by Colonel H. W. Feilden, C.B., during 
the Topige of the Alert and Discovery to the Arctic Regions, 
hoenled by the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury. 

1878. 

Spedmens presented, 989 ; purchased, 1936. Total, 2925. 

Tbe acquisitions of special interest were : — 

163 birds from the Ellice Islands, Fiji Islands, and Samoa. 
Pnithaaed of the Rev. S. J. Whitmee. 

115 birds from various localities. Presented by Dr. Bowdler 
SiMtpe. 

108 birds from Uruguay and Argentina, collected by Mr. 
Alan Peel. 

82 birds from the Congo River, West Africa, and from 
K«ang, Malay Peninsula. Purchased of M. A. Bouvier. 

308 birds from Cochin China. Presented by M. E. Pierre. 

46 birds from the Arctic Regions, collected by Colonel H. W. 
Feilden, C.B. (H.M.S. Alert). Presented by the Lords Com- 
Buadoners of the Treasury. 

82 birds and eggs from Discovery Bay, collected by Mr. H. 
Clncfaester Hart (H.M.S. Discovery). Presented by the Lords 
ComnusBioners of the Treasury. 

88 birds from Ceylon. Presented by Colonel Vincent I^gge 
121 birds from West Java. Presented by Francis 

Nieholion, Esq. 

12 birds from the interior of Viti Levu, collected by 
^. Kleinschmidt. Purchased from the Godeffroy Museum. 

1038 African birds, being the fifth instalment of Dr. Bowdler 
^ttipe's collection. Purchased. 

200 birds from Western Siberia and Turkestan, being the 
fat set of the specimens obtained by Dr. Finsch on his 
^ipedition into Siberia. 

1879. 

Specimens presented, 3128; purchased, 332. Total, 3460. 

Of special interest were the following items : — 

52 birds from East Africa, collected by Dr. Hildebrandi. 



262 Zoology. 

68 birds from South Eastern New Guinea, collected 1 
Mr. Kendal Broadbent. Purchased of Mr. Gerrard. 

1858 birds from various localities in the Old Worl 
Presented by Dr. F. Du Cane Godman, F.R.S., and Mr. ObIk 
Salvin, F.R.S. 

360 birds from Matabeleland and the Zamljesi, collected ■■ 
the late Mr. Frank Gates. Presented by his brothers, W. E. ai 
C. G. Gates, Esqrs. 

700 birds from the British Indian Empire, including seva 
types from the Indian Museum. Presented by the Secretary 
State for India. 

65 birds from the Straits of Magellan, collected 1 
Dr. Coppinger (Voy. H.M.S. Alert), Presented by the Lords 
the Admiralty. 

1880. 

Specimens presented, 6002; purchased, 1080. Total, 7082 

4731 birds from the British Indian Empire, includii 
112 types of species from the Indian Museum. Presented 
the Secretary of State for India. 

201 birds from Travancore, collected by Mr. Fra 
Bourdillon. 

91 skins and skeletons of biids from the Straits of Magelb 
collected by Dr. Coppinger (Voy. H.M.S. Alert). Presented 
the Lords of the Admiralty. 

43 birds collected by Carl Hunstein in South Elast 5 
Guinea. Purchased of Mr. Gerrard. 

1021 birds and eggs, collected during the Voyage 
H.M.S. Challenger. Presented by the Lords of the Treasury. 

318 nests and eggs of birds from North West Bon 
Presented by Sir Hugh Low. 

12 birds from Duke of York Island, New Britain, J 
Caledonia and Loyalty Islands, including 9 species new to 
Museum, collected by E. L. and L. C. Layard, Esqrs. 

188L 

Specimens presented, 3032 ; purchased, 7102. Total, 10,1 

108 skeletons and 205 skins of birds from the collection of 
late T. C. Eyton, Esq. 

56 specimens of Thrushes. Pre-sented by Henry Seebd 
Esq. 

123 birds from Nepal and (Jilgit. Presented by Dr. 
ScuUv. 



^trd^. 263 

83 birds from various localities. Presented by Dr. Bowdler 
Skaipe. 

66 birds from the Island of Socotra, collected by Professor I. 
Bijiflj Balfour. Presented by the British Association. 

97 birds from Duke of York Island, collected by the Rev. G. 

6315 skins of birds, being the private collection of the late 
John Gould. 

The moonted series of Humming Birds from the collection of 
the lite John Gould. 

The collection of skins of Humming Birds from the collection 
d the l&te John Gould. 

9 specimens from the Extern Narra, Sind. Presented by 
Sen^ Doig, Esq. 

68 birds from various parts of Great Britain. Presented by 
Theodore Walker, Esq. 

17 specimens of Timeliidm from Burma, collected by Colonel 
R. 6. Wardlaw Ramsay. 

260 additional specimens from the North West Himalayas 
ud Malacca. Presented by Capt. Stackhouse Pinwill. 

85 birds from the North West Provinces, India. Presented 
by Colonel Way. 

19 birds from various locaUties. Presented by Dr. Coppinger. 

48 birds from Egypt and Algeria. Presented by J. H. 
Ginmey, Esq., jun. 

1394 birds from Queensland, collected by Mr. T. J. Cockerell. 
IWnted by Dr. F. Du Cane Godman, Esq., F.R.S. 

21 birds from the Solomon Islands and Seychelles, collected 
by Lieut. G. H. Richards, R.N. 

11 birds from the New Hebrides. Purchased from the 
^'od^^y Museum. 

341 birds from Kandahar. Presented by Colonel Charles 
Swinhoe. 

106 birds from California. Presented by Lord Walsingham. 

M birds from Gilgit. Presented by Colonel John Biddulph. 

1882. 

Specimens presented, 1293 ; purchased, 2593. Total, 3886. 

Of special interest were the following accessions : — 

31 nests, 392 eggs, and 31 sterna of birds from Pegu, 
tinted by Eugene W. Gates, Esq. 

1544 birds from Pegu, including 32 new species to the Museum, 
ooUecfeed by Eugene W. Oates, Esq. 



264 Zoology. 

127 birds from the Islands of Torres Straits and QneeDslam. 
collected by Dr. Coppinger (Voy. H.M.S. Alert). Presented I: 
the Lords of the Admiralty. 

546 birds, eggs, and skeletons from Madagascar, collected k 
the Rev. Deans Cowan. 

190 birds from various localities. Presented by Hens 
Seebohm, Esq. 

1883. 

Specimens presented, 622 ; purchased, 327 ; exchanged, 10' 
Total, 1056. 

Specially important were : — 

13 specimens of Twwliiflse fn)m the Philippine Islands an 
Buima. Presented by Colonel R. G. Wai-dlaw Ramsay. 

28 birds from South East New Guinea, collected Vi 
Mr. A. Goldie. 

95 birds from Tenasserim, collected by Colonel C. T. Bingban 

103 birds from the Tenimber Islands, with types of 21 ne' 
species, collected by Dr. H. O. Forbes. Presented by tl 
British Association. 

40 birds from . the Nilghiri Hills. Presented ' 
W. Davison, Esq. 

77 birds from the La was River in North West Bom« 
collected by Mr. F. Burbidge. Presented by Harry Veitch, E» 

13 specimens of Malayan birds, including 8 species new 
the collection. Presented by the Leyden Museum. 

64 birds from various localities. Presented by Dr. . 
Bowdler Sharpe. 

44 birds from Brighton. Purchased of Mr. Henry Swayslan 

23 birds from the Gold Coast. Presented by Sir Alfred Molonc 

74 specimens of British birds, chiefly LimicoUe, from t! 
collection of Mr. J. Edmund Harting. 

1 07 specimens from New South Wales. Received in exchan 
from the Australian Museum, Sydney. 

32 birds from Japan. Presented by Captain Blakiston. 

1884. 

Specimens presented, 3954 ; purchased, 1320. Total, 5274 

426 birds from Nigeria, and a collection of Weaver-Bir 
(Ploveidse) and Finches (Frlngillidse). Bequeathed by the la 
W. A. Forbes, Esq. 

19 birds from Ashanti, West Africa. Presented 1 
Sir Godfrey Lrfigden. 

254 birds from Nagasaki, Japan. Presented by P. Ringer, Es 



Birds. 265 

13 birds from the Solomon Islands, including 7 species new to 
tbe collection. Purchased from Mr. Cockerell. 

27 birds from Japan. Presented by Captain Blakuston. 
795 birds from various localities. Presented by Dr. Bowdler 
Sharpe. 

64 birds from Zambesia. Presented by Sir John Kirk. 
31 skeletons of Petrels, collected by the naturalists of 
H.3iS. Challenger, Presented by the Lords of the Treasury. 

128 birds from the Niam-niam country in Equatorial Africa, 
eollected by Mr. F. Bohndorff. 

27 birds from Bouru and other islands in the Moluccas, 
collected by Dr. H. O. Forbes. 

731 specimens of American Passeres from the c<dh»ctioii of 
Dr. P. L Sclater (Hirundinid«y MniotiltidsB^ CserehitJai), including 
34 types and 56 species new to the Museum. The first and 
Mood instalments of the Sclater collection. 

38 eggs from Tenasserim. Presented by Colonel C. T. Bingham . 
25 birds fn>m Italy. Presented by Pr<)fessf)r H. H. Oiglioli. 
69 birds and eggs from Corsica, including the type of a new 
^ies of Nuthatch {Sitta whiteheadi). Presented by John 
Whitehead, Esci. 

90 birds from the Nilghiii Hills. Presente<l by W. 11. 
Davi»n, Esq. 

826 eggs from various localities. Presented by Osbert 
Wvin, Esq., F.R.S., and Dr. F. Du Cane Godman, F.R.S. 
8 birds from Aden. Presented by Colonel Yerbury. 
198 eggs from Pegu. Presented by Eugene W. Gates, Esq. 
•J32 birds from Mhow, C. India. Presented by Colonel 
Charles Swinhoe. 

138 specimens of Swallows (Hiruwllnidse) and American 
Warblers (MnioiiUidse) from various parts of North America. 
Preacnted by the U. S. National Museum. 

579 eggs from various localities. Fi'om the collection of the 
l»tej(^hn Gould, Esq. 

1885. 

'Specimens presented, 87,827 ; purchased, 3024. Total, y0,.*)51 . 

The chief event of this year was the presentation by Mr. 

•UlanO. Hume, C,B., of his famous collection (59,612) of Indian 

Ws, and their eggs (15,965). This was the largest private 

collection at that time in the world. 

Other accessions of great inten^st were : 

2365 eggs from various localities. Presented by Osbert . 
iWvin, Esq., F.R.S., and Dr. F. Du Cane (Jodman, F.R.S. 



266 Zoology. 

910 birds from various localities. Presented by 
Bowdler Sharpe. 

36 birds from France. Presented by Edward 
Esq., R.L 

183 eggs from Betsileo in Madagascar. Presente 
Rev. Deans Cowan. 

227 specimens of Finches {Fringillidse) and Hang-n 
ridse). Presented by the U. S. National Museum. 

24 birds from Aden and Lahej. Presented by 
Yerbury. 

2281 specimens of American Passeres — {Ictertdse, T 
Fringillidse), the third, fourth and fifth instalments of tl 
collection. 

189 birds from Fao in the Persian Gulf. Present 
D. Gumming, Esq, 

31 birds from the island of Palawan in the PI 
collected by E. Lempri^re, Esq. 

75 birds from Mt. Kilimanjaro in German East A 
lected by Sir Harry Johnston, G.C.B., G.C.M.G. Pre* 
the British Association. 

66 birds from Muscat. Presented by Colonel Miles 

31 birds from Ceylon. Presented by Colonel Vince 

354 birds from Argentina, collected by the lat 
Dumford, Esq. 

1157 eggs from various localities ; continuation of the 
of the late John Gould, Esq. 

6895 birds {Turdid^ and Fringillidse), being the fir 
instalments of their Neotropical collection. Presented ' 
Salvin, Esq., F.R.S., and Dr. F. Du Cane Godman, Esq 

1886. 

Specimens presented, 2524 ; purchased, 1 496. Tota 
Of special interest were the following : — 
480 birds, principally Hawks and Owls. Pres 
Henry Seebohm, Esq. 

516 birds from various localities, purchased from the 
of the late Sir William Jardine. 

802 American birds (Twrdidse, Mimidse, Troglodytia 
the sixth, seventh, and eighth instalments of the Sclater < 
143 birds from various localities. Presented by Dr 
Sharpe. 

I 35 birds from the South Atlantic, principally from 

j of S. Trinidad. Presented by the Earl of Crawford, K.' 



Hirds. 267 

84 birds from Boshire, S. Persia. Presented by A. J. V. 
Palmer, Esq. 

230 birds from Afghanistaii, collected by Dr. Aitchisoii. 
Presented by the Afghan Delimitation Commission. 

45 birds from 8. Manchuria. Presented by Sir Evan James. 

33 birds itom the mountains of Perak. Presented by L. 
Wray, Esq., jun. 

1073 birds from Yucatan and the adjacent islands, collected by 
Dr. G. F. Ganmer, and presented by Osbert Salvin, Esq., F.R.S., 
ttdDr. F. Du Cane Godman, F.R.S. (thirteenth instalment). 

1887, 

Specimens presented, 25,206 ; purchased, 703 ; received in 
exchange, 60. Total, 25,969. 

The year 1887 was memorable for the presentation by Colonel 
R. G. Wardlaw Ramsay of the splendid collection of Asiatic 
birds bequeathed to him by his uncle, the 9th Marquess of 
Tweeddale. 

Other notable additions were : — 

24 birds from the Solomon Islands, including the types of 3 
tpedes. Presented by Dr. P. L. Sclater. 

35 birds from the Solomon Islands, including S species new to 
the Museum and the type of Macrocorctx woodfordi, collected by 
C. M. Woodford, Esq. 

241 birds from various localities. Presented by Dr. Bowdler 
•Shaipe. 

75 birds from S.E. New Guinea, collected by the Hon. 
Hugh Romilly. Presented by the Exhibition Commissioners of 
Qooeosland. 

35 birds from the mountains of Camaroons, W. Africa, 
collected by Sir Harry Johnston, G.C.B., G.C.M.G. Presented 
by the British Association. 

82 birds from California and Arizona. Presented by G. Frean 
Morcom, Esq. 

23 birds from China, including types of two species described 
^J the donor. Presented by F. W. Styan, Esq. 

485 Humming Birds, being the ninth instalment of the Sclater 
collection. 

19 birds from the mountains of Perak in the Malay Peninsula, 
ftewated by L. Wray, Esq., jun. 

192 birds from Derby, N. W. Australia. Presented by Captain 
Bowyer-Bower. Collected by his son, the late T. H. Bowyer- 
Bower, Esq. 



268 Zoology. 

6 birds from New Ireland, including the types of 
species, collected by Dr. Otto Finsch. 

37 birds from S. Manchuria. Presented by Sir Ei 

1 7 birds from the Congo, collected by Mr. F. Bohn 

342 birds from Equatorial Africa. Presented by Ei 

5 birds from Chnstmas Island, Indian Ocean, coUec 
the voyage of the Flying Fish. Presenter! by the Lo 
Admiralty. 

60 birds from the Caucasus and other parts of tl 
Empire. Received in exchange from the Imperial J 
Sciences, St. Petersburg. 

539 Cuckoos and 36 Petrels from various localities 
the type of Cymocharea monorhis. Presented by Henrj 
Esq. 

25 birds from the Sudan. Presented by Colonel 
Vemer. 

183 birds from East Africa, including the types 
jacJc8onit Sylviella minima, and Campothera pallida. Pi 
F. J. Jackson, Esq., C.B., C.M.G. 

3335 specimens of American CarvidsBj Trochilidm, 
jntres, being the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth i 
of their Neotropical collection. Presented by Osbert S 
F.R.S., and Dr. Du Cane Gkxlman, F.R.S. 

1888. 

Specimens presented, 20,392; purchased, 1986; : 
exchange, 30. Total, 22,408. 

Special mention may be made of the following acc( 

1718 specimens of Tyrannidm^ Cotingidm, and Pipridi 
no less than 117 types of species, being the tenth in$ 
the Sclater collection. 

44 bii-ds from East Africa. Presented by F. J. Jac 
C.B., C.M.G. 

57 birds from the island of Guadalcanar, Solomon A 
including the types of 13 new species. Collected 
Woodford, Esq. 

68 birds from Guadalcanar. Presented by C. M. 
Esq. 

5408 specimens of TyrannidsB^ PipridsBy Cotingu. 
PicariWy etc., being the seventeenth to twenty-ninth i 
of their Neotropical collection. Presented by Osbert S 
F.R.S., and Dr. F. Du Cane Godman, F.R.S. 



Birds. 269 

13,326 q)eoi]iieiis of skins and eggs of North American birds, 
forming the Hanshaw collection. Pi^esented by Dr. F. Du Cane 
Godman, F.R.S. 

13 birds from Muscat. Presented by Surgeon-Colonel Jayakar. 

198 birds from various localities. Presented by Henry See- 

26 birds from Dondnica, collected by Mr. Ramage. Presented 
by tbe West Indian Committee of the Royal Society. 

19 Cormorants and Shags from Fowey, Cornwall. Presented 
by Dr. A. Gtinther. 

76 birds from the mountains of Perak. Presented by A. 
Wray, Esq., jun. 

52 birds from South East New Guinea, including the types of 
four new species, coUected by Dr. H. O. Forbes. 

35 birds, coUected by M. Humblot in the Comoro Islands. 
Parchaaed of Mr. G. A. Frank. 

30 birds and 5 eggs from the Island of Fernando Noronha, 
including the types of two new species, collected by H. M. Ridley, 
Esq. Presented by the Royal Society. 

85 birds from various localities. Presented by Dr. Bowdler 
Shupe. 

231 birds from the Island of Cyprus. Presented by Lord 
lilford. 

23 birds from Christmas Island, Indian Ocean, including the 
types of five new species. Presented by J. J. Lister, Esq. 

54 birds from North West Borneo, and the neighbouring 
ialands, collected by Alfred Everett, Esq. 

8 birds from the Comoro Islands, with four species new to 
^6 collection. Presented by the Paris Museum. 

69 birds from Ichang in Western China, collected by Mr. 
1 E. Pratt. 

44 birds from Benguela, including twenty species new to the 
Museum collection. Presented by the Lisbon Museum. 

195 birds from Fao, Persian Gulf. Presented by W. 1). 
C amming ^ Esq. 

1889. 

Specimens presented, 6936 ; purchased, 4093 ; received in 
exchange, 76. Total, 11,105. 

364 specimens of Pigeons, Barbets, Cuckoos, Weaver-birds, 
Woodpeckers, including types of four species new to the Museum. 
fte»ented by Henry Seebohm, Esq. 

4947 specimens of Accipitres, Patittaciy ColumbifarmeSj Cracid«j 



270 Zoology. 

etc., being the thirtieth Id thirty-ninth instalments xit thei 
Neotropical collection. Presented by Osbert Salvin, E.s<j., F.R.S 
and Dr. F. Du Cane Godnian, F.R.S. 

48 birds from the Baram district of Sarawak, Borneo, collectei 
by Dr. Charles Hose. 

275 bii-ds (mostly Starlings and Lai-ks) fi-om various localitier 
Presented by Dr. Bowdler Sharpe. 

70 birds from Mount Aboo, North West India, 'Collected b; 
Colonel A. E. Butler. Received in exchange. 

36 birds from the Island of Palawan, Philippine Archipelago 
collected by Mr. John Whitehead. 

1952 specimens of Woodpeckers, Cuckoos, Toucans, Barbets 
DendrocoloptidsB, FormicarndWy being the eleventh, twelfth 
thirteenth, and fourteenth instalments of the Sclater collection 
including 112 types. 

1681 specimens of African bii-ds, Alaudidm, Ploceidmy Pieariat 
etc., being the first to the eighth instalments of the Shelie 
collection, including thirteen types of species descrilied b 
Captain G. E. Shelley. 

186 birds from the Kilimanjaro district and Teita in Ew 
^Vfrica, including seven types of new species. Presented b 
H. C. V. Hunter, Esq. 

H birds from Kansu in North W^est China, collected V 
Mr. Berezowski, including seventeen species new to the coUectio 

59 birds from the Lower Congo, collected by Mr. L. Petit. 

98 Ducks from various Ificalities. Presented by H. J. Elwt 
Esq., F.R.S. 

11 Gulls from th(» colle<;tion of the late Mr. Vingoe, frr 
Cornwall. Purchased at the Vingoe sale. 

148 birds from the collection of the Conte de Kioci^i 
including an example of the extinct Starling (Freffilupw vuriu 
of Reunion. 

105 birds from Dominica, collected by Mr. Ramage. P 
sented by the West India Committee of the Royal Society. 

121 birds from Tasmania. Presented by C. G. H. Lloyd, E 

63 birds and 17 eggs from China, from Mount Kina Balu a 
North Western Borneo. Presented by John Whitehead, Esq. 

40 birds from Yarkand, collected by the Rev. Dr. Ljinsdell 

57 birds from South Wales. Presented by the Hon. "^ 
Edwardes (afterwards Lord Kensington). 

33 Starlings from the vicinity of Lucknow. Presented 
George Reid, Esq., Director of the Lucknow Museum. 



Birds. 271 

1890. 

Specimens presented, 5055; purchased, 1955; received in 
exdukoge, 136. Total, 7147. 

AvMiety of the Snipe and a Reeve's Pheasant. Presented by His 
Majesty Kkg Edward VII. (then H.R.H. the Prince of Wales). 
3835 specimens of American birds, Accipiires (Birds of Prey), 
(M20 (Crows), TurdidsB (Thrushes), Troglodytidse (Wrens), 
ete., being the fortieth to forty-iifth instalments of the Salvin- 
Godnun collection. Presented by Dr. F. Du Cane Gk)dman, 
FM,and Osbert Salvin, Esq., F.R.S. 

834 specimens of Picarian birds, being the linal instalment of 
(he Sdater coUection. 

761 specimens of Africiui birds, being the ninth to nineteenth 
instalments of the Shelley collection. 

405 specimens of Larks, Hoopoes, and Kingtishers, mostly 
from the Swinhoe collection. Presented by Henry Seebohm, Esq. 
216 eggs from Fao, Persian Gulf. Presented by W. D. 
Camming, Esq. 

The only known British specimen of the Siberian Thrush 
(ddHotdys sibirica). Frederic Bond Bequestv 

47 birds from the Altai Mountains. Presented by St. George 
littledale, Esq. 

82 birds from Madeira and the Desertas Islands, including 
^ type of a new Sparrow-hawk (Accipiter ffrantt). Presented by 
W. R. Ogilvie Grant, Esq. 

Toung birds and eggs of the Cream-coloured Courser 
(Cnnmus gaUiau). Presented by E. G. B. Meade-Waldo, Esq. 

17 birds from the Aruwhimi River, collected by the late 
J. 8. Jameson. Presented by Mrs. Jameson. 

543 birds from Africa. Presented by J. H. Gurney, jun. 
This collection was formed by the donor's father, John Henry 
^nejr, and was a most valuable addition to the National 
Collection ; consisting, as it did, of much of the material on which 
Hr. Gurney and Mr. Thomas Ayres had founded their memoirs 
on tiw Ornithology of Natal and the Transvaal. 

168 birds from Turkestan, collected by the late Dr. Severtzow. 
100 birds from Labuan and Sarawak. Collected by 
A. H. Everett, Esq. 

28 birds from Equatorial Africa. Presented by Emin Pasha. 
240 birds from the Philippine Islands. Received in exchange 
from E. L. Moseley, Esq. 



272 Zoology. 

^% birds from the Bellendeii-Ker Range, North East 
Queensland. Presented by the Australian Museum, Sydniey. 

136 eggs fi'om Southern Spain. Presented by Lord lilford. 

101 birds from Northern Italy. Presented by Count T. 
Salvadori. 

216 eggs from Fao, Persian Gulf. Presented by W. D. 
Gumming, Esq. 

77 birds and eggs from the Arctic and Antarctic Ooem. 
Bequeathed by Dr. Robert McCormick. 

42 birds from Kiukiang, S. China. Presented by P. W. 
Styan, Esq. 

19 birds from the Sandwich Islands, collected by 3Cr. 
Knudsen. Presented by Professor Collett, Director <i the 
University Museum, Christiania. 

1891. 

Specimens presented, 5095 ; purchased, 507 ; received in 
exchange, 2771. Total, 12,883. 

56 birds from Muscat. Presented by Surgeon-Colonel A. S. 
Ct. Jayakar. 

418 specimens collected during the second Yarkand Mission. 
In exchange with the Indian Museum, Calcutta. 

37 birds and nests from the Pamir. Presented by St. George 
Littledale, Esq. 

97 specimens from Corea, including the Black Woodpecker, 
TJiriponax kalinowskii, new to the collection. Presented byC. 
W. Campbell, Esq. 

13 specimens from the Shan States. Presented by E.W. 
Gates, Esq. 

186 specimens from the Philippine Islands, obtained during 
the Steere expedition, with 20 species new to the Museum. 
Purchased and exchanged with E. L. Moseley, Esq. 

32 specimens from the islands of the Bight of Benin, indnd- 
ing six species new to the collection. Presented by the Lisbon 
Museum. 

16 birds from East Africa. Received in exchange from the 
Berlin Museum. 

10 birds from the Phivnix Islands, with two species of PetreU 
new to the collection. Presented by J. J. Lister, Esq. 

22 birds from Montana and Dakota, including some fim 
examples of North Ametican Buzzards. Presented by E. S 
Cameron, Esq. 



Birds. 273 

peoimens from Central Chili and Tarapac4, including 
ioes new to the collection, among them the rare Avooet 
odeB (Beeurvirostra andina). Presented by H. Berkeley 
laq. 

BtB and eggs from Barbados. Presented by Colonel W. 
)n, C.B. 

'Otic and Antarctic birds. Bequeathed by the late Dr. 
[eCormick. 

Ig^ of Gulls and Terns (Lartdas). Presented by Howard 
, Esq. This was a very valuable present, the donor being 
38t authority on the Laridm, which family he described in 
y-fifth volume of the " Catalogue of Birds." 
rat instalment of his collection of bird's eggs, comprising 
nples. Presented by H. Seebohm, Esq. 
is year Mr. Seebohm conunenced the arrangement of 
om series of eggs in cabinets. 

specimens of American birds, being the forty-sixth to 
I instalments of the Salvin-Godman collection. Presented 
Du Cane Godman,F.R.S.,and Os})ert Salvin, Esq.,F.R.S. 
pecimens of African OaUiformes (Game-birds), BaUi- 
tails), awl Charadriifarmes (Plovers, etc.), being the 
to the twenty-second instalments of the Shelley 

1892. 
Qens presented, 10,024; purchased, 1013; received in 
.119. Total, 11,156. 

oggB and specimens of Charadrii formes (Wading Birds), 
is (Gulls and Terns), Ballif amies (Rails). Presented by 
ebohm, Esq. 

tpecimens, being the fifty-sixth to sixty-sixth instalments 
ollection of Neotropical birds. Presented by Dr. F. Du 
Iman and Osbert Salvin, Esq. 

r of Newton's Gardener Bower-bird {Prionwlura newtoni- 
resented by the Queensland Museum, 
birds from Central Chili and Tarapac4. Presented by 
ley James, Esq. 
ds and eggs from the River Gambia. Presented by Dr. 

rds from the island of Engano, collected by Mr. Modi- 

ds from Eastern Prussia and other parts of Germany, 
in exchange from Dr. E. Harteit. 

T 



274 Zoology. 

101 birds from Mount Dulit, Sarawak, including 
new to the collection and 1 3 types. Collected by Dr. < 

447 birds from Natal and the Bermudas, collected 
Savile G. Reid. 

3 rare birds from Benguela and St. Thomas' I 
Africa, including the type of a new geniis and speciei 
ciclila hocagei. Presented by the Lisbon Museum. 

58 birds from the neighbourhood of Buenos Aires 
by F. Withington, Esq. 

A pair of the Flightless Rail of Laysan Island, 
palmeri. Presented by the Hon. Walter Rothschild, PI 

180 Columbiformes (Pigeons), being the twenty-third 
of the Shelley collection. 

11 birds from the Malay Peninsula. Presented 
Davison, Esq. 

145 biids from Mt. Kina Balu and N.W. Borneo 
by A. H. Everett, Esq. 

21 birds from New Zealand and the Chatha] 
collected by Dr. H. O. Forbes. 

27 birds from Anguilla Island, W.I. Presented b] 
Indian Committee of the Royal Society. 

32 birds, mostly from Peru, with several new to the 
Presented by Count Branicki. 

78 birds from North Australia and the island o 
in the Moluccas, collected by Dr. Bassett-Smith daring 
of H.M.S. Penguin. Presented by the Lords of the A 

477 birds from Hungary. Presented by the 
National Museum, Budapest. 

257 birds from Nyasa Land, containing twelve types 
species new to the collection. Presented by Sir 
Johnston, K.C.B., G.C.M.G. 

1893. 

Specimens presented, 11,062; purchased, 202; i 
exchange, 162. Total, 11,426. 

Among the important accessions were : — 

502 specimens from Nyasa Land. Presented by 
Johnston, K.C.B., G.C.M.G. 

882 specimens of Neotropical birds. Presented bj 
Godman, F.R.S., and Osbert Salvin, Esq., F.R.S. 

44 types of new species of birds discovered ' 
Uganda and on Mount Elgon. Presented by F. « 
Esq., C.B., C.M.G. 



Birds. 275 

289 specimens of Herons {Ardeiformes) and Limicoline birds 
(dnndmformes). Presented by Henry Seebohm, Esq. 

U birds from Snakin. Presented by Surgeon-Major R. H. 
PBDton. 

83 birds from Mt. Kalulong and the Baram district of Sara- 
nk. Presented by Dr. Charles Hose. 

A third instahnent of 8273 eggs was presented by Mr. 
HiDiy Seebohm, making, with those previously given by him, a 
faatiou of 16,290 specimens. 

109 eggs of Australian birds from Gippsland, Victoria. Pre- 
nrted by Judge Philbnck, K.C. 

229 birds from various parts of Australia. Presented by 
Lord Leigh. 

Specimens of Tetraophctsis szechenyi^ from Tibet, and 0ru8 
vifrwHUs, from Mongolia, both species new to the Museum col- 
betioQ. Presented by Henry Seebohm, Esq. 

32 birds from Mt. Kina Balu. Presented by Dr. H. A. 
HATiknd and Dr. D. G. Haviland. 

22 birds and eggs from the Chatham Islands, collected by 
Dr. H. O.Forbes. 

63 birds from Chili. Bequeathed by the late H. Berkeley 
James, Esq. 

27 birds from Antigua, Santa Lucia, collected by Mr. Ramage. 
IVnented by the West Indian Committee of the Royal Society. 

44 specimens of Pheasants and Grouse from various parts of 
tk BoBsian Empire. Received in exchange from the St. Peters- 
bm]^ Museum. 

95 Herons, being the twenty-fourth instalment of the Shelley 
ooDection. 

60 birds from Shoa. Received in exchange from the Turin 
MueaiD. 

24 specimens from Sarawak and N. W. Borneo, collected by 
Mr. A. W. Everett, including the rare Partridge of Kina Balu 
(EBonatortyx sanguinicepa, Sharpe), and the type-specimen of 
Ererefct's Spider-hunter {Arachnothera everetti). 

86 specimens from Mount Kalulong and the Baram province 
of Sarawak, collected by Dr. Charles Hose, including the types 
of Glowidium bomeensey Turdinus kalulongse, and T, tephraps, 

32 birds from the Lower Congo and other localities. Presented 
^ Dr. Bowdler Sharpe. 

31 Neotropical birds. Received in exchange from Graf 
H«n8 Ton Berlepsch. 

T 2 



276 Zoology. 

1894. 

Specimena presented, 4505; purchased, 1525; r 
exchange, 243. Total, 6273. 

1482 specimens of Tanagridm, presented by Dr. F. D 
F.R.S., and Osbert Salvin, Esq., F.R.S. 

690 birds, viz. 354 Anseriformes (Ducks and ( 
Colymbiformes (Grebes and Divers), 81 Ardeiformes 
57 Larifomies (Gulls), 122 Charadriifarmea (Wa 
Strigiformes (Owls). Presented by Henry Seebohm, E 

183 birds ivom Nyasa Land. Presented by S 
Johnston, G.C.B., K.C.M.G. 

86 birds from the Shan States, Burma, including 
of two new species. Presented by Eugene W. Oates, 1 

55 birds and 61 eggs from Foochow, S. China, 
by C. B. Rickett, Esq. 

65 birds from the Sulu Islands, including types of 
species, and nine new to the Museum. Collected 
Everett, Esq. 

173 birds from N.W. Borneo. Received in exchi 
A. H. Everett, Esq. 

171 specimens from the island of Palawan. Pre 
A. H. Everett, Esq. 

A specimen of the Seychelles Tufted Owl {(. 
inmlaris). Presented by Chevalier Brooks. 

A pair of the Flightless Duck of the Aucklan 
{Nesonetta aucklandica) ; a pair of Mantell's Apteryx (Ji 
from North Island, N.Z. ; and a pair of the E 
Germany's Bird of Paradise {Trichoparadisea gulielmi 
Finisterre Mts., New Guinea. Presented by the Ho 
Rothschild, D.Sc, M.P. 

496 skins of Gulls (LaridsB) from Mr. Howard 2 
collection. 

15 specimens from Central Asia. Presented by S 
Idttledaie, Esq. 

124 birds from Kashmir and the Salt Range. Pn 
Dr. J. Aitchison. 

86 specimens from the Shan States. Presented 
Oates, Esq. 

60 bones of birds from the Chatham Islands, inclu< 
of Aphanapferyx and other extinct species, with typef 
new species. Collected by Dr. H. O, Forbes. 



Birds. 277 

67 birds j&rom Ecuador. Presented by W. H. D. Haggard, Esq. 

63 birds from China. Presented by F. W. Styan, Esq. 

669 specimens of Phalacrocaracidse (Cormorants), Anaiidse 
(Dacb), Aceipitres (birds of prey), Strtges (Owls), and Crows 
(Cbrmfe), etc., being the twenty-Mth and twenty-sixth instal- 
of the Shelley collection. 



1896. 
^tedmens presented, 2687 ; purchased, 7856 ; received in 
eufauge, 18. Total 10,561. 
Of special interest are : — 

2 Little Auks {AUe alle) found dead at Sandringham. 
ftwented by H.R.H. the Prince of Wales (King Edward VII.). 
247 birds and eggs, from Madeira, Porto Santo, and the 
Sihrige Islands. Presented by the lion. Cecil Baring, and 
W. R. Ogilvie-Grant, Esq. 

46 Petrels {ProceUariiformea) and Gulls {Lari formes). Pre- 
mted by Henry Seebohm, Esq. 

924 birds with nests and eggs from Rio de Janeiro 
Preaaited by Alexander Fry, Esq. 

3124 specimens of African birds, ])eing the twenty-seventh to 
lbs thirty-fifth instalment of the Shelley Collection of African 
Krds. 

23 types of new species of birds discovered during his expe- 
ditioa to Lake Rudolf. Presented by Dr. A. Donaldson Smith. 

179 birds from Somali Land, including nine types and twelve 

fecaes new to the Museum, collected by E. Lort Phillips, Esq. 

71 birds and eggs from Aden. Presented by Colonel Yerbury . 

4426' birds from Assam and Manipur, including many types 

ttd species new to the Museum, collected by Colonel H. H. 

Godwin-Austen, F.R.S. 

104 birds from the Philippine Islands, the Sulu Archipelago, 
•nd Mt Kina Balu in N.W. Borneo, collected by A. H. 
Everett, Esq. 

22 birds from the islands of Luzon and Mindoro, in the 
Huli|^ine Archipelago, collected by A. H. Everett, Esq. 

58 birds from New Zealand. Presented by Sir Samuel 
Scottj Bart. 

175 birds from the Hawaiian Archipelago, including twenty- 
nz tfedes new to the Museum, collected by R. C. L. Perkins, 
^. Presented by the Joint Committees of the Royal Society 
ud the British Association. 



278 Zoology. 

178 birds from the Rio Pilcomayo, collooted by J. Graluy 
Kerr, Esq. Presented by Capt. Juan Page. 

13 birds, including nine species new to the collection. B 
eeived in exchange from the Hon. Walter Rothschild, Ph.D.,M.] 

64 birds and eggs from Fao, Persian Gulf, collected by ^ 
D. Gumming, Esq. 

19 birds from the Solomon Islands, including types of fa 
new species. Presented by Dr. E. P. Ramsay, Director of tl 
Australian Museum. 

109 eggs of Guckoo, with sets of the eggs of the fosti 
parents, and the nests. From the collection of Leopo 
Field, Esq. 

1896. 

Specimens presented, 19,C04 ; purchased, 2210 ; received 
exchange, 56. Total, 21,900. 

The most important additions were : — 

The Seebohm bequest of 16,950 skins and skeletons of bin 
being the remainder of the collection formed by the late Hen 
Seebohm, Esq. During the preceding years, Mr. Seebohm b 
presented to the Museum his collection of eggs and many of 1 
birds for the purpose of aiding the preparation of the * Catalog 
of Birds ' and the ' Catalogue of Eggs.' 

420 birds from the Savana of British Guiana. Presented 1 
F. V. McGonnell, Esq., and J. J. Quelch, Esq. 

35 birds from Mashona Land. Presented by Guy A. ] 
Marshall, Esq. 

77 birds from South Australia. Presented by H. Munt,Es 

1650 specimens from the Steere expedition to the PhiliK>in< 
including 44 types and 15 species new to the Museum, collect 
by Professor J. B. Steere. 

97 mounted Humming Birds. Presented by the Hon. Walt 
Rothschild. 

66 specimens from Zulu Land, collected by Messrs. R. B. ai 
J. D. S. Woodward. 

104 birds, chiefly from Celebes, collected by A. H. Evere 
Esq. 

32 birds from Machakos, British East Africa, collected 
Dr. S. J. Hinde. 

20 birds from Matabele Land. Presented by F. C. Selous, £i 

1807 birds from the Pahearctic Region, from the collection 
the late Edwanl Hargitt, Esq., R.I. 



Birds. 279 

^ birds from Aden and Somali Laud. Received in exchange 
ban Gipt. Nurse. 

41 birds from Luzon, Philippine Islands, including eighteen 
fMoes new to the Museum, collected by Jolin Wliitehead, Esq. 

45 birds from Andros Island, Bahamas. Presented by 
E^erille Chamberlain, Esq. 

66 q>ecimens of Eider Ducks {Somateria mollissima) and Black 
GnUemots {Uria grylle) from the neighbourhood of Christian- 
nod, N. Norway : illustrating the various moults and changes of 
phmage. Ck)llected by Nikolai Hanson. 

72 birds from Nyasa Land, including the types of three 
awr ^^edes. Presented by Sir Harry H. Johnston, K.C.B., 
G.CJi.G. 

37 birds from Nyasa Land. Presented by Sir Alfred Sharpe, 
tCllG. 

49 specimens from the Marianne Islands, including nine 
^edesnew to the collection. Received in exchange fi-om the 
Hon. Walter Rothschild, D.Sc., M.P. 

98 birds from Somali Land, and 31 from Persia. Collected 
ttdlffesented by F. GiUett, Esq. 

1897. 

Specimens presented, 6293 ; purchased, 6359 ; received in 
ocbsnge, 131. Total, 12,783. 

The following were of special interest : — 

972 binls. Presented by Dr. F. D. Godman, F.R.S., and 
OrfwrtSalTin,E8q., F.R.S. 

3045 birds from Gilgit in High Kashmir, Kashgar, Yarkand, 
etc This collection, formed by Colonel John Biddulph and pre- 
Kated by him to the Museum, contained also a fine series of 
aking of Finches {Fringillidse). 

28 birds from the Southern Shan States. Presented by 
Cokmel G. Rippon. 

81 birds from the Sandwich Islands, collected by R. C. L. 
Perkins, Esq. Presented by the Joint Committees of the Royal 
Bodety and the British Association. 

17 specimens from the Cape Verde Islands, including the 
types of two new species. Presented by Boyd Alexander, Esq. 

47 birds from Foochow. Presented by C. B. Rickett, Esq. 
«Qd J. D. La Touche, Esq. 

25 Geese and Ducks from Walcheren, Holland. Presented 
^T. M. Pike, Esq., and H. L. Popham, Esq. 



280 Zoology. 

34 birds and eggs from Spitzbergen. Presented by A. Trev-<< 
Battye, Esq. 

614 specimens from the Philippine Islands, including < 
types and 68 species new to the Museum ; collected by Jol 
Whitehead, Esq. Presented by the subscribers to the Whitehea 
expedition. 

428 birds from Northern Nyiisa Land, coUected by !£ 
Alexander White. Presented by Sir Alfred Sharpe, K.C.M.O- 

61 birds from the islands off Lower California. Presented fc 
A. W. Anthony, Esq. 

10 types of new species from Equatorial Africa. Presente 
by F. J. Jackson, Esq., C.B., C.M.G. 

224 specimens from Argentina, collected by A. N. Ho 
land, Esq. 

36 birds from Christmas Island, Indian Ocean, collected b 
Dr. C. W. Andrews. Presented by Sir John Murray, K.C.B. 

14 specimens, including seven species new to the collectiox 
Received in exchange from the Hon. Walter Rothschilc 
Ph.D., M.P. 

116 specimens from the islands of Luzon, Philippine Arch.: 
pelago, collected by John Whiteheiid, Esq. 

157 specimens, mostly Humming Birds, from Ecuador. Pre 
sented by L. Soderstrom, Esq. 

Ill birds from the neighbourhood of Chiistiansund, X 
Norway, collected by Nikolai Hanson. 

26 specimens from S.E. New Guinea, including nine specie: 
new to the Museum, collected by Dr. L. Loria. 

72 birds from the neighbourhood of Bangkok, collected bj 
Capt. Stanley Flower. Keceived in exchange from the Roya! 
Siamese Museum. 

218 birds from Uiniguay, collected by O. V. Aplin, Esq. 

136 birds from the islands of Savu and Lombok, collected by 
A. H. Everett, Esq. 

135 birds from Northern Celebes, collected by Dr. Charlee 
Hose. 

72 eggs of Philippine binls, collected by John WTiitehead, B^q 

42 specimens from New Ze^iland and the neighbouring ialandft 
Received in exchange from the Otago Museum. 

5479 specimens of Palaearctic birds and the collection ^ 
AN'oodpeckers formed by the late Edward Hargitt, Esq., R.I. 



Birds. 281 

1898. 

Specimens presented, 4130; purchasetl, 2227; received in 
exchange, 485. Total, 6842. 

Of special interest were the following : — 

678 egg& of Chilian birds. Bequeathed by the late H. 
Berkeley James, Esq. 

1344 birds from various parts of the Indian Empire. Pre- 
«nted by Dr. W. T. Blanford, F.R.S. 

186 birds from Somali Land and South Arabia, including 
levea types and nine species new to the Museum. Presented by 
B. McD. Hawker, Esq. 

232 birds from Bering Sea. Presented by Capt. G. E. H. 
Bvrett-Hamilton. 

40 specimens of Larks (Alaiididse) and other rare species from 
Morocco and Tunis. Presented by J. I. S. Whitaker, Esq. 

116 birds from N.W. Foh-Kien, China, including the types 
rf seTen new species. Presented by C. B. Rickett, Esq., and J. 
D.La louche, Esq. 

n skeletons and birds in spirit. Presented by Dan.Meinertz- 
%n,E8q. 

Types of two new Pigeons from Alligator River, N.W. 
Aostralia. Received in exchange from the Christiania Museum. 

26 birds from Nyasa Land. Presented by General Manning. 

42 birds from Somali Land. Presented by J. Benet 
^ord, Esq. 

14 birds and eggs from New Zealand. Presented by Capt. 
K. Snow. 

75 birds from Muscat. Presented by Surgeon-Colonel 
Jayakar. 

64 eggs of Gulls and Ducks from the Smolen Islands, N. 
Norway. Presented by Dr. Bowdler Sharpe. 

61 birds from Somali Land and the Lake Rudolf district. 
I^resented by Lord Delamere. 

118 birds from British Guiana. Presented by F. M. 
McComiell, Esq., and J. J. Quelch, Esq. 
72 birds from N.W. Borneo, collected by J. B. Bell, Esq. 
A nest with eggs of Prince Albert's Rifle-Bird {Crattpedophora 
•ftertj). Received in exchange from D. Le Souef, Esq. 

93 birds from the Louisiade Archipelago, collected by 
Albert S. Meek, Esq. 

66 birds from Mashona Land, collected by J. L. Sowerby, Esq. 



282 Zoology. 

21 birds from Mount Albert Edward, British New Gnin.^ 
containing several species new to the collection. Purchased 

33 birds from Franz Josef Land, collected during t, 
Jackson-Harmsworth Expedition. Presented by Capt. F. < 
Jackson. 

74 birds from the Khin-gan Mountains, Mongolia. Presents 
by Dr. D. Donaldson Smith, J. E. Famum, Esq., and G. I 
Farnum, Esq. 

53 birds from Mozambique, including the type of a ne 
species. Presented by H. 8. H. Cavendish, Esq. 

28 birds from New Guinea, including 5 species new to tl 
collection. Received in exchange from the Hon. Walt* 
Rothschild, Ph.D., M.P. 

238 bh-ds from Nyasa Land. Presented by Sir AlfrE 
Sharpe, K.C.M.G. 

95 birds from Machakos, British East Africa. Presented b 
S. L. Hinde, Esq. 

18 birds from Centi-al Australia, obtained during the Hoc 
Expedition. Presented by W. A. Horn, Esq. 

565 eggs from Argentina, collected by A. H. Holland, Esq. 

76 specimens from the Philippine Islands, collected by Joh 
Whitehead, Esq. 

348 birds and eggs from the Lesser Sunda Islands and Nort! 
Western Borneo. Collected by A. H. Everett, Esq. 

257 birds from Somali Land, including 7 types and 8 qwde 
new to the Museum. Collected by E. Lort Phillips, Esq. 

443 birds from Canada. Received in exchange from J. H 
Fleming, Esq. 

65 birds from Christiansund, N. Norway. Collected bj 
Nikolai Hanson. 

1899. 

Specimens presented, 13,290; purchased, 2018; received ii 
exchange, 121. Total, 15,429. 
Of special interest are : — 

9802 specimens of Mexican birds. Presented by Dr. F. B 
Godman, F.R.S., and Osbert Salvin, Esq., F.R.S. 

1192 birds from Southern China. Presented by C. * 
Rickett, Esq. 

174 birds from Nyasa Land. Presented by Gone^ 
Manning. 

40 birds from Ascension Island and Diego Garcia. Present 
by Dr. Frank Penrose. 



Birds. 283 

lU birds, 6 nests, and 11 eggs from the Chilian ^Vndes. 
IVesented bj E. A. Fitzgerald, Esq. 

242 birds from Argentina and Patagonia. Presented by 
Dr. F. Moreno. 

146 birds from Australia and Canada. Presented by Capt. 
G. E. Shelley. 

30 birds from Muscat. Presented by Surgeon-Colonel 
Jftyakar. 

9 birds, 29 eggs, and 76 nests from China. Pi-esented by 
J. D. La louche, Esq. 

16 birds from the Transvaal. Presented by F. C. Selous, 

18 birds from Yarkand. Presented by Capt. P. Deasy. 

27 birds and eggs from Nigeria. Presented by Dr. Cuthbert 



209 birds and 12 eggs from the Islands of Sokotra and 
Abd-€l-Kuri, including the types of 8 new species, collected by 
W. R. Ogilvie-Grant, Esq., and Dr. H. O. Forbes. Pi-esented 
by the Royal Society. 

100 birds from various parts of Italy. Presented by Count 
1 Arrigoni degli Oddi. 

20 birds from Bolivia. Presented by Count H. von 
Berlepsch. 

63 birds and 16 eggs of birds from the Smolen Islands, North 
Norway. Presented by Dr. R. Bowdler Sharpe. 

8 types of new species from Uganda. Presented by F. J. 
Jickaon, Esq., C.B., C.M.G. 

664 birds and 53 eggs from the Galapagos Archipelago, 
collected by the Webster-Harris Expedition. 

18 birds from Coruna, Spain. Presented by Dr. Lopez 
Seoane. 

103 birds from Canada. Received in exchange from J. H. 
Fleming, Esq. 

21 birds from the island of Basilan, Philippine Archipelago. 
Collected by Mr. J. Waterstradt. 

177 skins and specimens in spirit from Liberia, collected by 
^. Demery. Purchased of Mr. G. A. Frank. 

55 birds from the Hinterland of the Gold Coast. Pi*esented 
^ the late Colonel H. P. Northcott. 

23 birds from Bolivia. Presented by Sii* Martin Conway. 
41 birds from Mount Moari, New Guinea. Collected by Mr. 



284 Zoology. 

4 specimens of a new species of Bunting (Zonoirieliia m« 
connelli), from Mount Koraima, JBritisli Guinea. Presented 1 
F. V. McConneU, Esq. 

77 birds from the Louisiade Archipelago. Collected bj \J 
A. S. Meek. 

45 bii-ds from Cape York. Collected by Mr. A. S. Meek. 

90 birds from Ecuador and Puna Island. Collected by tJ 
late Mr. Perry O. Simons. 

1900. 

Specimens presented, 4629; purchased, 1209; received i 
exchange, 609. Total, 6447. 

The principal accessions were : — 

953 birds fi-om the Shan States, including the types of seve 
new species. Presented by Colonel G. KippoD. 

90 birds from Equatorial Africa. Presented by Dr. A 
Donaldson Smith. 

121 birds from the New Hebrides, including the types c 
twelve new species. Presented by Captain A. M. Fai^quliar, R.N 

87 birds from Nyasa Land. Presented by Sir Alfred Sharpc 
K.C.B. 

13G0 birds from Southern China. Presented by C. B 
Kickett, Esq. 

307 birds collected by the late J. S. Jameson, Esq., u 
Mashona Land and the Upper Congo. Presented by Mru 
Jameson. 

18 birds from Hainan, including three types of species new t 
the Musouni, collected by the late John Whitehead. Preaente 
by J. T. Thomasson, Esq. 

222 birds from Nyasa Land. Presented by Genen 
]\lanning. 

149 birds from Sarawak, collected by Dr. Charles Hose. 

7 types of new species from Equatorial Africa. Presented ' 
F. J. Jackson, Esq., C.B., C.M.G. 

95 birds from the Zambesi River. Presented by lk>i 
Alexander, Esq. 

213 bu'ds and 40 nests and eggs from Sarawak. Present 
by Dr. Charles Hose. 

23 specimens of rare species of IHi-ds of Paradise and oth 
valuable birds from British New Guinea. Presented by Sir H. 
Le Hunte, K.C.M.G. 



Birds. 285 

215 birds and 14 eggs from Australia. Presented by Donald 
Mdntosh, Esq. 

82 birds from the Zeraf River. Presented by Surgeon- 
Captain H. N. Dunn. 

35 birds from North Queensland. Presented by Herbert C. 
Robinson, Esq. 

568 eggs of North American birds. Received in exchange 
from the Princeton University Museum, N. J. 

12 birds, including six species new to the Museum, collected 
b^ Heinrich Kuhn. 

190 birds from Yun-nan and South Western China, including 
the types of three new species. Presented by Captain A. W. S. 
Wingate. 

417 birds from Southern Abyssinia, including the types of 
sixteen new species and examples of ten other species new to the 
Moaemn. Presented by H. Weld-Blundell, Esq., and Lord 
hmi, 

64 birds from Shen-si, North China. Collected by Father 
Hugh. 

243 birds from South Arabia. Collected during the Percival- 
IMson expedition. 

22 birds from the Egyptian Sudan. Presented by Captain 
Stanley S. Flower. 

200 birds from Ecuador and Peru. Collected by Perry O. 
Simons, Esq. 

1364 birds from South China. Presented by C. B. Rickett, 

H 

307 birds from Moshona Land and the Aruwhimi River, 
Upper Congo, collected by the late J. S. Jameson, Esq. Presented 
by Mrs. Jameson. 

53 birds from Northern New Guinea, collected by J. M. 
DniDas. 

144 birds and eggs from the island of Hainan. Collected by 
tke late John Whitehead. 

85 birds from Mount Kenya, collected during the Mackinder 
c^fedition to British Ea.st Africa, including the types of four new 



A collection of mummified birds from Egypt. Presented by 
the Committee of the Egyptian Exploration Fund. 

41 birds from British New Guinea, collected by A. S. Meek. 

45 birds from Morotai Island, collected by A. H. Everett, 
Bsq. 



286 Zoology. 

102 birds from Mashona Land, collected by Mr. 
Clarke. 

32 birds from the French Congo, collected by G. L 
Esq. 

33 birds and 37 eggs from the Rio Ruo, Zambesia ; ( 
by A. Blayney Percival, Esq. 

45 birds from the island of Obi Major in the Bd 
collected by Mr. W. Lucas. 

1 1 birds from the island of Bum, collected by A. H. 



190L 

Specimens presented, 17,595; purchased, 1165; rec 
exchange, 298. Total, 19,358. 

Some of the most important accessions were the folio 

52 birds from Somali Land. Presented by H. H. the < 
of Banxla. 

15,150 eggs, bequeathed by the late Philip Crowley, '. 

150 birds, 660 eggs, and 20 nests of birds, from 
South China. Presented by C. B. Rickett, Esq. 

122 birds and 64 eggs, collected during the Souiht 
expedition to the Antarctic seas by Nikolai Hanson. I 
by Sir George Newnes, Bart. 

33 birds from the Persian Gulf. Presented by C. 1 
Esq. 

970 birds from the interior of British East Africa. I 
by Lord Delamere. 

100 birds from Equatorial Africa. Presented by 
Donaldson Smith. 

59 birds from the Lawas River, N.W. Borneo, coll 
the late J. S. Jameson. Presented by Mrs. Jameson. 

100 birds from Somali Land. Presented by Dr. D 
Smith. 

226 birds, nests, and eggs from Victoria. Presente 
Government of Victoria. 

47 birds from Nyasa Land. Presented by General 1 

41 birds from Somali Land. Presented by Coloi 
Harrison. 

107 birds from Queensland. Presented by Herbert i 
son, Esq. 

103 birds from San Paulo, Brazil, collected by Mr. A 
Presented by Sir William Ingram, Bart. 



Birds. 287 

54 birds from the Shan States, Burma. Presented by Colonel 
0. Rippon. 

81 birds from Deelfontein^ Cape Colony, collected by E. 
Seimand. Presented by Colonel A. T. Sloggett, C.M.G. 

4 types of new species from Equatorial Africa. Presented by 
P.J.Jackson, Esq., C.B., C.M.G. 

179 birds from British East Africa, including 4 types of new 
qieeies and 6 other species new to the Museum. Presented by 
Sr Harry Johnston, G.C.M.G., K.C.B. 

67 birds from New Zealand and the adjacent islands, including 
the type of a new Cormorant. Presented by the Earl of Ranfurly , 
Govemor of New Zealand. 

294 birds and 76 eggs from the White Nile. Presented by 
R.McD. Hawker, Esq. 

37 birds from the Egyptian Sudan. Presented by H. F. 
Witherby, Esq. 

52 birds from North China. Presented by C. W. Campbell, 

&,. 

66 birds from the Egyptian Sudan, including 3 species new 
to the Museum. Presented by the Hon. N. Charles Rothschild 
ind A. F. R. Wollaston, Esq. 

89 birds from the Camaroons, W. Africa, including 6 species 
new to the Museum and the types of 5 new species. Collected 
by G.L Bates, Esq. 

48 birds from Batchian Island, Moluccas, collected by Mr. 
Heinrich Ktihn. 

211 birds from Ecuador and Peru, collected by Perry O. 



47 birds and 78 nests and eggs from S.E. New Guinea, 
collected by Mr. Weiske, containing 23 species new to the 
Museom, with types of 9 new species. 

529 specimens of Paridse, being the collection of Tits formed 
by Professor M. Menzbier. 

41 birds from the Solomon Islands, collected by A. S. Meek. 

1902. 

Specimens presented, 4812; purchased, 3356; received in 
ezduuige, 460. Total, 8628. 

The most important accessions were : — 

2220 eggs of Palaearctic and Nearctic birds. Presented by 
W. Radcliffe Saunders, Esq. 



288 Zoology. 

17 types of new species from Ruwenzori and Tore. Presoited 
by F. J. Jackson, Esq., C.B., C.M.G. • 

617 birds from Western Yun-nan. Presented by ColondG. 
Rippon. 

58 birds from New Zealand and the adjacent islands. Pre- 
sented by the Earl of Ranfurly. 

212 birds from Nyasa Land. Presented by Sir Alfred 
Sharpe, K.C.B. 

485 birds and 138 eggs from Foh-kien, South China. Pre- 
sented by C. B. Rickett, E8<|. 

385 birds from Somali Land and Southern Abyssinia, in- 
cluding the types of three new species. Presented by Sir Alfred 

E. Pease, Bart. 

402 birds from the Upper Nile. Presented by R. McD. 
Hawker, Esq. 

68 birds from S.E. New Guinea. Presented by H.E. dipt. 

F. R. Barton, Uovernor of British New Guinea. 

2300 biids from Peru and Bolivia, collected by the Ute Mr. 
Perry O. Simons. 

231 birds from the Camaroons, collected by G. L. Bttw, 
Esq. 

1 60 birds from the frontier of Yemen, S. Arabia, collected by 

G. W. Bury, Esq. 

32 birds of prey from Western Australia. Presented by tihe 
West Australian Museum, Perth. 

407 eggs of North American birds. Received in exchange 
from the Princeton University Museum, N.J. 

31 birds from the Aruwhimi River, Upper Congo, collectec 
by Capt. Guy Burrows. 

71 birds from Ecuador and Colombia, collected by Mesin 
Miketta and Flemming. 

48 birds from the Egyptian Sudan. Presented by R. McB 
Hawker, Esq. 

48 birds from Mashona Land. Presented by J. Ffollio 
Darling, Escj. 

1 6 birds from Bosnia. Presented by Dr. Othmar Reiser. 

20 birds from the Liu Kiu Islands. Presented by the Hor 
N. Charles Rothschild. 

20 birds from Shensi Province, N. China, collected by Fathc 
Hugh. 

43 birds from Surinam. Presented by F. P. and A. I 
Penard, Esqrs. 



Birds. 289 

15 Pheasants from Burma, including the type of Oenneeus 
mM. Presented by Capt. W. G. Nisbett. 

59 bnrds from the Egyptian Sudan. Presented by Surgeon- 
Q^ E N. Dunn. 

91 Inrds from Cyprus, collected by Mr. C. Glazner. 

60 birds from the Caucasus, collected by Mr. Schiiltze. 

1903. 

Specimens presented, 5583 ; purchased, 3693. Total, 9576. 

The most important accessions were as follows : — 

973 birds, skeletons, eggs, and nests from Deelfontein, Cape 
Oolony. Presented by Colonel A. P. Sloggett, C.M.G. 

360 birds from the islands of the South Atlantic and Pacific 
OeeiM, collected by Mr. M. J. Nicoll during the voyage of the 
MJ3. ValhaUa. Presented by the Earl of Crawford, KT., F.R.S. 

351 eggs from various localities. Presented by W. Radclifife 
Sunders, Esq. 

75 birds, 16 eggs, and 3 nests from the Sudan. Presented by 
Sorgeon-Capt. H. N. Dunn. 

351 eggs from North Queensland. Presented by W. Radcliffe 
8iimden,£sq. 

457 birds from Namaqua Land, collected by Mr. H. C. B. 
Gnnt Presented by C. D. Rudd, Esq. 

64 birds and eggs from Uganda. Presented by Dr. Cuthbert 
Ckriity. 

260 birds and nests from British East Africa. Presented by 
A.Bl»yney Perceval, Esq. 

31 birds from the Sudan. Presented by R. McD. 
Hawker, Esq. 

582 birds from Western Yunnan. Presented by Colonel 
Geoige Rippon, 

72 birds from Sierra Leone. Presented by Robin 
Kemp, Esq. 

34 birds from Central Asia. Presented by Capt. H. H. P. 

22 birds from Fernando Po, including 15 species new to the 
*UectioiL Presented by Lieut. Boyd Alexander. 

286 birds from North Nyasa Land. Presented by Sir Alfred 
ftirpe, C.B., K.C.M.G. 

61 birds, 40 eggs, and 5 nests from Southern Persia. 
Sweated by H. F. Witherby, Esq. 

▼OL a u 



290 Zoology. 

96 birds from New Zealand and the adjacent iaUiidi 
Presented by the Earl of Ranfurly. 

989 birds from Foh-Eien, South China. Presented Iq 
O. B. Rickett, Esq. 

114 birds from Buenos Aires. Presented by Enetf 
Gibson, Esq. 

46 eggs and 2 nests from the Azores, collected by W. K 
Ogilvie-Grant, Esq. Presented by the Hon. Walter RothsdiU 
Ph.D., M.P. 

80 birds from British New Guinea. Presented b^ 
H.E. Capt. F. R. Barton, Governor of British New Guinea. 

116 birds from Upper Burma. Presented by Capt. A Hem 

443 birds and 192 skeletons from Matogrosso, collected b) 
Mr. A. Robert. Presented by Mrs. Percy Sladen. 

245 birds from South Arabia, collected by Mr. G. W. Buy. 

466 birds from Abyssinia, collected by Mr. E. D^gen. 

420 birds from Patagonia, collected by Mr. J. Koslowsky. 

275 birds from Pemambuoo, etc., collected by Mr. A. Robert 

254 birds from Paraguay, collected by Mr. W. T. Foster. 

25 birds from the Persian Gulf. Presented by W. D 
Gumming, Esq. 

56 from Batchian and the Obi Islands, Moluccas, collected b} 
Mr. J. Waterstradt. 

29 birds from Cyprus, collected by Mr. A. Glasner. 

102 birds from Cyprus, collected by Miss Dorothei 
M. A. Bate. 

302 birds from the Camaroons, West Africa, collected bn 
G. L. Bates, Esq. 

130 eggs of birds from North Cachar, collected by K^ 
Stuart Baker, Esq., and Dr. Coltart. 

420 birds and eggs from the Southern Shan States, odlactei 
by H. N. Thompson, and W. H. Craddock, Esqrs. 

1904. 

Specimens presented, 14,880 ; purchased, 3005 ; received i 
exchange, 18. Total, 17,903. 

The following are of especial interest and value : — 

9948 eggs and 165 nests of Paleearctic birds. Presented b, 
W. Radcliffe Saunders, Esq. 

34 birds and 51 eggs from Darjiling. Presented by B. ^ 
Osmaston, Esq. 



Birds. 291 

333 birds from the Chindwin River in Upper Burma. 
ften&ted bj Captain A. Mears. 

498 birds from the interior of the Malay Peninsula, collected 
lij Mr. H. C. Robinson. Presented by the Royal Society and 
the UmTBTsities of Edinburgh and LiverpooL 

154 <^ggB from the province of Foh-Hen in Southern China, 
hoented by C. B. Rickett, Esq. 

59 birds from Victoria. Presented by the Government of 
Fietoris. 

45 birds from Entebbe, Uganda. Presented by J. F. 
Oumingbame, Esq. 

60 birds from the Atlas Mountains in Morocco, with types 
o( three new species. P^resented by K G. B. Meade-Waldo, Esq. 

43 birds from the Egyptian Sudan. Presented by the Hon. 
K. Chirles Rothschild. 

316 birds from the Azores, collected by W. R. Ogilvie-Grant, 
6q. Piresented by the Hon. Walter Rothschild, Ph.D., M.P. 

402 birds and skeletons, nests and eggs, from Fernando Po, 
eoDeeted by Mr. E. Seimund. Presented by Mrs. Percy Sladen, 
E.G. the Duke of Bedford, KG., and the Hon. Walter Roth- 
idrild, PhD., M.P. 

65 birds from the Yaal River, collected by R. B. Woos- 
ium,Eflq. 

630 birds from the Baro River, collected by Mr. P. Zaphiro. 
Pireaeiited by W. N. Macmillan, Esq. 

442 skins and skeletons of birds from Uganda, collected 
duing the Anglo-German Boundary Commission. Presented by 
Goknel C. Delm6-Radcliffe. 

11 types of species from British East Africa and the Ruwenzori 
Mountains. Presented by F. J. Jackson, Esq., C.B., C.M.G. 

41 birds from British East Africa. Presented by Surgeon- 
Gi{)t R. E. Drake-Brockman. 

592 birds from British East Africa and Uganda, collected by 
F.J.Jackson, Esq., C.B., C.M.G. 

102 birds from British East Africa and from Florida, 
ftesented by C. B. Storey, Esq. 

483 birds from the West Indies and Venezuela, collected by 
I)r. R. Bowdler Sharpe. Presented by Sir Frederic Johnstone, 
Bart., and Laura, Countess of Wilton. 

87 eggs from Scotland, St. Kilda, etc. Presented by J. Steel 
Biiot,E8q. 
427 birds and eggs from Bechuana Land and the Orange 

u 2 



292 Zoology. 

River Colony, collected by R. B. Woosnam, Esq., a 
Dent, Esq. 

44 birds from China. Presented by Charles Nix, ] 

11 birds from New Zealand, the Kermadecs a 
islands in the New Zealand Seas. Presented by th 
Ranfurly. 

472 birds from the Azores, West Indian Islands an 
collected by Mr. M. J. NicoU during the voyage of t 
Valhalla. Presented by the Earl of Crawford, BLT., B 

28 birds from Alaska. Presented by Capt. C. E. ] 

122 eggs of Costa-Rican birds, collected by ]) 
Underwood. 

745 nests and eggs from Paraguay, collected b] 
Foster. 

472 birds from Sierra Leone, collected by Robin K 

83 birds from Batchian and the S.W. lalan 
Moluccas, collected by Mr. Heinrich Kuhn. 

116 birds from S. New Guinea and the Solomo 
collected by Mr. A. S. Meek. 

61 birds from the islands of Mindanao and Waigioi 
by Mr. John Waterstradt. 

627 birds from the Camaroons, collected by G. L. ] 

1905. 

322 birds from Japan, collected by Mr. M. P. 
Presented by H.G. the Duke of Bedford, K.G. 

4 types of species from Equatorial Africa, viz. Ap 
zorif Sylviella toruensis, Megahias seguatoriaUs, Bi 
Presented by F. J. Jackson, Esq., C.B., C.M.G. 

46 birds from the West Indies. Presented 
Bannerman, Esq. 

162 birds from Nyasa Land. Presented by 5 
Sharpe, K.C.B. 

265 birds from the Camaroons, W. Africa, co 
G. L. Bates, Esq. Purchased. 

Includes the types of Smithomis camerunensiSy Ohloro 

52 birds from N.W. Australia. Presented by D 
Woodward, Director of the West Australian Mosei 
W.A. Several species new to the collection. 

18 Pheasants from Upper Burma. Received in 
from the Bombay Natural History Society. 



Birds. 293 

49 birds from Colorado. Received in exchange from 
W. Cn»B, Esq. 

43 birds from the Azores. Presented by Major Chaves, 
Director of the Ponta Delgada Museum, Azores. 

745 birds from Argentina, Matto Grosso, Bolivia, etc. 
ftom Dr. P. L. Sclater's collection. 

498 birds from the Mountains of the Malay Peninsula, 
dlected by Mr. H. C. Robinson and Mr. Annandale. Presented 
hj tlie Royal Society and the Universities of Edinburgh and 
livopooL 

41 birds from the Kermadec Islands, the Snares and 
Mioquarie Islands. Presented by the Earl of Ranfurly. 

45 birds from Equatorial Africa. Presented by J. J. 
Harrison, Esq. 

30 birds from Chile. Purchased of D. S. Bullock, Esq. 

98 ^[gs of Australian birds. Presented by A. J. North, Esq. 

22 birds from Egypt. Presented by L. Loat, Esq. 

60 British birds. Presented by W. R. Ogilvie-Grant, Esq. 
1297 birds from Egypt and other countries bordering the 

Mediterranean, as well as Central America and the West Indies. 
Bequeathed by the late Edward Cavendish-Taylor. 

61 birds from the Camaroons. Collected by G. L. Bates, Esq. 
22 birds and 1 nest from California, collected by J. W. 

Maillard. Presented by Miss Nixon. 

14 birds from the TransvaaL Presented by Sir A. E. Pease, 
Bart 

277 birds from the Kauri Kachin district, Upper Burma, 
ftesented by Colonel G. Rippon. 

72 birds from Karakol, Tian Shan Mts., collected by A. A. 
Kntzenko. Presented by A. B. Bayley Worthington, Esq. 

47 nests and eggs of Costa Rican birds, collected by Mr. C. J. 
Fnderwood. 

1162 birds from Mt. Victoria, Chin Hills, Burma, including 
11 types of the new species. Presented by Col. Rippon. 

427 eggs of birds from Equatorial Africa. Purchased. 

208 birds from the Chindwin Valley, Upper Burma. Pre- 
sented by Capt. A. Mears. 

88 birds from the Syrian Desert, containing the type of 
Aikcnai dtriniveniris. Collected by Douglas Carruthers, Esq. 

906 birds and 745 eggs from Paraguay, collected by 
William Foster, Esq. 

63 birds from Jamaica. Presented by D. A. Bannerman, Esq. 



294 Zoology, 

954 mounted birds. Presented by Lord Tweedmoutk 

232 birds from Benguela, coUected by Dr. W. J. Ansorge. 

236 birds from Mindanao, coUected by Walter Goodfellow. 

450 birds from Somali Land, collected by G. W. Bury. 

3 nestling G^ese and a nestling Swan. Presented by F. £. 
Blaauw, Esq. 

450 birds from the Canary Islands and other localities. 
Presented by E. G. B. Meade-Waldo, Esq. 

1000 birds from Southern China. Presented by C. B. 
Rickett, Esq. 

430 birds from the Baro and Sobat Rivers and the White 
Nile, collected by Mr. Zaphiro. Presented by W. N. MacmillaD, 
Esq. 

200 birds from the Upper Chindwin River, Burma. Yxt- 
sented by Capt. A. Mears. 

374 birds from S.W. Australia, collected hj G. C. Shortridge. 
Presented by W. E. Balston, Esq. 

396 birds and eggs from Persia, collected by R. B. Wooraain. 
Presented by Colonel R. C. Bailward. 

328 birds from Sikhim and Tibet. Presented by, Ci^t H. J. 
Walton. [1905. 12. 31, 1-328.] 

248 birds and eggs from the Antarctic, Auckland Ishmdiy 
Macquarie Island and S. Trinidad Island. Collected by the diq^ 
Discovery during the National Antarctic Expedition. 

32 birds, collected by the relief ship Morning during the 
National Antarctic Expedition. 

1952 birds from Cape Colony, Z\ilu Land and E. TransvasI, 
collected by H. C. B. Grant. Presented by C. D. Rudd, Esq. 



iuiABRiGAL List of thb pbincipal Donors, Collectors and 
Aflms, from whom thb Specimens of Birds in the 
Bbitibh Museum have been received. 



Uward YIL (Hit Majesty, King). 

A raedmen of Reeve's Pheasant from Norfolk. Presented. [90. 3. 
Mil] 

Two specimens of the Little Auk (AUe aUe) picked up dead at 
findringjuun. Presented. [95.6.12,1,2.] 

Ihidie {Oapi. G. Fanshawe), CM.G. 
81 bixds from Upper Nigeria. Presented. [1900.8.4,1-31.] 
Oipt Abadie was a son of General Abadie^ himself a keen student of 
IStkal Historj. His official duties prevented Gapt. Abadie from making 
kqji coUectionB, but this small series from the I^igerian Sudan was of 
ttmet interest, especially the eggs of the Ostrich (Struthio eamelus), 
Si fliriy death in Upper Nigeria in 1901 can never be too much 



UnliunB (J.)- 

2 Weaver-findies (Munia ferruginecu 
[1904.6.9,1-2.] 

Adimi (Dr. A. LeithV 



var.), cage birds. Presented. 



{Dr. A. Leith). 

38 \Mb from " N.R Africa " (♦.«. Egypt and Nubia). [64. 3. 30, 1-33.] 

An active collector in the middle of the nineteenth century, and a 

put friend of the late Sir William Jardine, to whom his early collections 

vwBiokt He was a good observer, as is shown by his papers on the 

Ml of Kashmir and Ladak (P.Z.S., 1859, pp. 169-190, with a coloured 

6 of McniifringiUa adanm)^ and eepeciidfy by his short essay on the 
noticed by him in Egypt and Nubia (" Ibis," 1864, pp. 233-243). 

Adeane (Harrt R. A.). 

A specimen of Coccyzus americanusy shot on Ck)lon8ay Island, Argyll- 
Aiw. Presented. [1904. U. 28, 1.] 

Admiralty, The Lords of the. 

Bj the Admiralty have been presented the collections made by 
vuioQS exploring expeditions fitted out by Great Britain. In recent 
TtNi the co-operation of the Royal Society has been sought, and many 
ooQeetioos have been presented through the latter medium. The results 
of the earlier Antarctic Expeditions seem to have reached the Museum 

ai the Admiralty, and the various collections are noticed under their 
headings. 
[^Antarctic Expedition; Voyages of H.M.SS. Alert and Discovery, 
(mlatger, Erebus and Terror, Flying FisJi, Herald, Penguin, Plumper, 
^Batae9nake,'\ 

Al{{han Delimitation Commission. 
Sm ArrcmBOH. 



296 Zoology, 



t 



AitchiBon {Dr. J. E. T.). 

230 birds. Presented. [86. 9. 16, 1-230.] 

This collection, formed in 1884-85 by Dr. Aitchiflom, the natonliit 

appointed to the Delimitation Commission, was fully described by me k 

1889 (Trans. Linn. Soc, new series. Zoology, toL v., part 3» pp. 6(M)0; 

Is. vi., vii.), with notes on the habits and distribution of the birdi liHf 

)r. Aitchison. Two new species, Oecinus gorHf Hargitt, and Fum 

yateif Sharpe, were described and figured, as was also a beaatifdl Der 

Pheasant (Phasianus principdlist Sdater). 

Alert, H.M.S. 

One of the exploring ships on Sir Oeorgo Nares' arctic loyip 
(1875-1876). 

See Feilden, H. W. 

Alexander {Lieut, Boyd), Bifle Brigade. 

17 8i)ecimens from the Cape Verde Islands. [97. 7. 30, 1-17.1 
05 specimens from Zambcsia. [1900. 5. 26, 1-95.] 
22 specimens from Fernando Po. [1903. 2. 14, 1-22.] 
One of the most energetic and capable trayeller-naturalistB of the 
present day. His first expedition was to the Cape Verde Archipdigo^ 
where he discovered some new species (sec "Ibis," 1898, pp. 74-114, 
277-85). He presented seventeen specimens to the Museum, adding to 
our collection two species, Spizocorys raza and Fuffinus edvnnd, 
[97. 7. 30. 1-17.] He next made a large collection of birds on the 
Zambesi ; this was described by him in the " Ibis " for 1900 (pp. 71-10% 
424-458, pi. i.). On this occasion he presented 95 specimens to the 
Museum. Passing through the Ashanti campaign, he did not neglect hii 
scientific pursuits when the fighting was over, and he made oonudenble 
collections of birds in the forests and in the hinterland of the Gold GoeiL 
1100 skins of birds were obtained on this trip, and 4^e coUectioii w 
described by him in the "Ibis" for 1902 (pp. 278-333, 335-377, pk 
vii.-ix.) ; and he has presented to the Museum 95 specimens from thii 
expedition. Obtaining leave from the War Office, he next visited the 
Island of Fernando Po, and having organised a supply of native canien 
from the Grold Coast, he cut his way through the virgin forests of the 
island, and attained an altitude of 10,800 feet The result of this plucky 
achievement was the discovery of no less than 39 species of Hx^ 
Lieut. Alexander has presented to the Museum 22 specimens from bis bit 
cxpolitioD, adding thereby 17 species which were not before represeoted 
in the National Collection. 

Alexander {Sir J. E.). 

22 birds from Damara Land. Presented. [38. 4. 16, 1, 89-110.] 
Captain (afterwards Sir) James Edward Alexander was one of the eady 
pioneers of travel iu Damara Land, and his journey is described in hii 
little work, "An Expedition of Discovery into the interior of Africa' 
(2 vols. 8vo., 1838). For this expedition he was knighted (Diet. Nat 
Biogr. Suppl. vol. 1. p. 31). The new species of birds were named b] 
Mr. G. R. Watcrhouse, and consisted of a new Rock Thrush {FetrocmA 
hrevipes), a new Francolin {Fraiicolinw adspenus\ and a new fonn o 
Flycatcher {Lanioturdus tarqtuUus), The register is marked by Dr. J 
£. Gray as " Purchased at Stevens's Sale Kooms chiefly finom Oaptaii 
Alexander's collection." The above-mentioned types do not seem to naT 
been acquired, and doubtless went into the Zoological Society's Museum. 



Birds. 297 

I (A.). 

doable collections of birds in the N.W. Provinces of India. 
>tih, the collections were purchased by Mr. Henry Seebohm, 
iged away a good many specimens, but a fair number were 
ihe Seebohm Bequest. 

I (Dr. John). 

Is collected during the Expedition through Burma towards 
1867, 1875-6. [1876. 4. 7, 1-200.] 

)l]ections were described by Dr. Anderson in his large work 
entitled " Anatomical and Zoological Researches, comprising 
of the Zoological Results of the two Expeditions to Western 
1868 and 1875." The first set of specimens went to the 
ueom, of which he was then Director, and the second set of 
«ed into the hands of the British Museum, which had up to 
o extensive series from Burma : 13 species were new to the 
nd there were three co-types of new species described by 

tt (C. J.). [1827-1867.] 

Iabtlett, a, D. ; Sharpe, R. Bowdleb ; Stevens, S. 

naturalist, bom in Wermeland in 1827. Joined Galton*8 
to Damara Land in 1850. His collections were sent to 
artlett, afterwards Superintendent of the Zoolof^ical Gardens, 
time a dealer in natural history objects. Many of the birds 
this first expedition were dispersed before any catalogue of 
ade, and a portion of this collection was purchased by Mr. 
k, the well-known dealer of Amsterdam; but about 100 
Based into the hands of Mr. H. E. Strickland, and are now in 
ge Museum. 

i. Sclater, who commenced his zoological career imder the 
ckland, joined the latter in a description of this remnant of 
first consignment. A memoir, which was entitled a *' List 
ion of Biras procured by C. J. Andersson in the Damara 
th notes," was published in Jardine's "Contributions to 
•• for 1852, and the following new s|)ecies were described : — 
s damarenns (=C, rufigena. Smith), cf. Hartert, Cat. xvii. 
iyBiira aUncauda ( = Lanioturdus torqu<Uus\ cf, Sharpe, Cat. 
Knneoctonus anderssoni { = L. coUusio) Grant, Nov. Zool. ix., 
ihropygia gaJtoni ( = Saxicola familiaris, Steph.), cf, Sharpe, 
». 176; DryTTUBca flavida (= Euprinodes Jlavidus) cf. Sharpe, 
. 224; SpheruBCKUs pycnopygius (= Chmtops pycnopygius), cf. 
dL iv. p. 5 ; Spreo hispecmaris ( = Lamprocotius bispecularis), 
Dat. xiii. p. 181; Alauda erythrochlamys { = Ammomanes 
»y«), ef. Sharpe, Cat. xiii. p. 648 ; Alauda spleniata (=Teph- 
4aia),<f. Sharpe, Cat. xiii. p. 563 ; Alauda nxvia (^Mirafra 
Sharpe, t,c. p. G17 ; Nectar inia anderssoni ( = Cinnyris 
ef. SheUey, Monosn*. Nect. p. 39 ; Halcyon daniarensis (= H. 
inL)^ cf. Sharpe, Cat. xvii. p. 239 ; Campothera caprtcomi ; 
iamarensis ( = Odhodromus asiaticus), cf. Sharpe, Cat. xxiv, 
xuirius paUidus ( = J£gialitis pallida), cf. Sharp^, t.c. p. 284 ; 
Imnarum ( — Sterna hdlxnarum\ cf, Saunders, Cat. xxv. 

n made several expeditions to Damara Land, discovered 
^ Rivery and penetrated to Lake N'gami and the Cunene 



298 Zoology. 

River, making large oollections of birds. He also obtained a oon* 
siderable number of spedmeDs during his viaits to Gape Town and ii 
the Knysna district. These oollections were sent to Mr. Stereni^ tfii 
celebrated London agent, and after hia retirement to Mr. Hi^iu ii 
Bloomsbury Street. The late Mr. John Henry Gumevy who wasadoR 
friend of Andersson's for many years, editing and publialiing the pair* 
humous " Birds of Damara Land " from the MSS. left by tM traTulcr, 
secured the majority of the Birds of Prey from the latter'i collBctiflniiDr 
the Norwich Museum. The Wading-birds were in the same maatK 
purchased by Mr. J, Edmund Harting, who was working out tfii 
LimicolsB, and possessed a fine collection of these birda, which vm 
afterwards acq^uired by the late Mr. Henry Seebolun. AndenHO^ 
specimens of XAmicolm have, therefore, passed by the bequest of tluit 
gentleman into the British Museum. 

A few specimens were purchased from Andersson's agents for tbe 
Museum, and by myself before I entered the service of the Tnutoei 
The latter are duly recorded in the "Catalogue** of African PaKemin 
my collection (1871), and are now in the Museum. Before Mr. HiggiM 
retired from business, to bcttle in Tasmania, he came across a considenUe 
collection of birds, from Andersson's later travels, stowed away in a 
box. These I purchased and presented to the Museum, which oov 
possesses a fairly complete series representing Andersson's inde&tig^ 
labours. In his later years he became a trader, and settled at Otjiml)UM]iK^ 
bemg ultimately wounded in a fight between the Namaqnas and Jkiomu, 
having espoused the cause of the latter, with whom he lived. Hia kaee 
was shattered by a bullet, and he was crippled ever afterwarda» finally 
succumbing from the effects of this wound and the terrible privatioii8i» 
had undergone during his expeditions through the deserts of South Wot 
Africa. I have named some species of bir<k after him, ainoe hia dflat)^ 
but he is best known to ornithologists by the wonderful Bird of Vny 
called Andersson's Pern, Machmrhamphtis anderssoni (GumeyX a vi^' 
flying bat-eating Hawk, the representative in Africa of a genus hSan 
supposed to be confined to the Indian region and the Papuan aub-regjkOD. 

Andrews (C. W.), D,Sc., Assistant in the Department ofOedogn, 
British Museum. 

Dr. Andrews was sent by Sir John Murray, with the permiasum of tht 
Trustees, to study the natural history of Christmas Island in the Indian 
Ocean. The results of his stay there and a full account of the cdllectioM 
made by him have been published by the Trustees in the " Monograph d 
Christmas Island." 

[See MuBBAT, Sir John.] [1898. 9. 16, 1-88 ; 1898. 9. 27, 1-18; 
1899. 5. 1, 6-11.] 

During his geological explorations in Egypt Dr. Andrews has found 
time to collect a few birds, sending 20 specimens from Helouan in 1902. 
[1902. 10. 9, 1-20.] 

Andrews (H. D.). 

26 birds from Argentina. Presented. [1901. 2. 10, 1-26]. 

Annandale (Nelsox) and Robinson (H. C). 
See EoBiNSON, p. 154. 

AnseU (H. F.). 

106 birds from Gaboon. [73. 9. 10, 1-8; 73. 12. 26, 1-11; 74. 2. 16 
1-28 ; 74. 2. 17, 1-11 ; 74. 2. 20, 1-24 ; 74. 9. 11, 1-13 ; 74. 10. 1, 2-12.; 



Birds. 299 

lb, Axiiell WIS a i)er80iial friend of my own, whom I requested to send 
usjwgmmxsiB of birds he might be able to procure. He was a merchant 
M the Bifer Danger or Ogowl, in Gbboon, and was first introduced to me 
\f Ifr. J. J. MonteiTO. m the years 1873-1874 the Museum received 
HMD mall consignments from him, comprising 106 specimens. He 
■miTffil to obtain several rare species, one being a remarkable Lark- 
iMiba Cuckoo (C0fi<ro]nM ansdli^ Sharpe), and an interesting Bush-Shrike 
{Ptj/mBOfUB luhderi^ Keichenow), which had been procured about the 
MM time by Dr. Liihder in the Camaroons, and described by Dr. 
liiBhfnnw a few weeks before my description of Dryoscapus n^/iceps, of 
vUdi the type was sent by Mr. Ansell, appeared. 

Amorge (Dr. W. J.). 

26 specimens from Uganda. Purchased. [96. 7. 14, 1-26.] 
282 specimens from Benguela. Purchased. [1905. 11. 22, 1-232.] 
Dr. ijDsorge is an excelknt naturalist, and his collections from Equa- 
torid Africa uid Angola are in the Hon. Walter Rothschild's Museum at 
fnaf. He has sent some large collections from Benguela to the British 
IwQiD. (See hii book " Under the African Sun," 1899.) 

iBitqr {Lieui.). 

S3 birds fixmi KingwiUiamstown, S. E. Africa. Presented. [77. 8. 1, 
148] 

Vm was the only collection received from this gallant young officer, 
ibo us associated with Major Trevelyan in his efforts to procure specimens 
tfMtuil history for the British Museum. A year after the receipt of the 
fkm collection, Lieut. Anstey was killed at the battle of Isandhlwana. 

iBluetic ExpeditioiL 

See AomsALTT (Lords of the) ; Rotal Society. 
The firrt collections were received through the Council of the Koyal 

MQBtf. 

78 specimens from Kerguelen Land. Presented by the Lords of the 
iteilty. [41. 4, 74a-791.] 

119 mdmens from the Antarctic Ocean, New Zealand, Auckland 
Muk, Tsnnania, Campbell Island, St. Paul's Rocks, etc. [42. 12. 16, 
1-119.] Presented by the Lords of the Admiralty. Seyeral *' duplicates " 
vm ** returned," presumably to Dr. McCormick. 

22i specimens frx>m the Falkland Islands, Antarctic pack-ice. New 
Und, etc. Presented by the Lords of the Admiralty. [44. 1. 18, 
l-aS; 44. 3. 20, 1-6.] 

No detailed memoir of the birds procured during the Antarctic 
opedition of the Erdnu and Terror was published at the time of 
iti ntom, but many species were mentioned in the early Museum 
Gitilogiiea. Sir Joseph Hooker was naturalist to the expedition, and the 
<loctm on board the two ships were also good collectors and observers, 
viL, Dr. MoCormick, Dr. Robertson, and Dr. Lyall. Dr. McCormick'n 
nodlent notes appeared in Gk)uld's " Birds of Australia " and *' Hand- 
book*; and shortly before his death, which only took place a few years 
9^ the old veteran, who had accompanied Ross on both his Polar 
voyages, wrote his memoirs.* 

The ••Zoology of the Voyage of the Erebus and Terror'* gives 
n aooount of the birds of New Zealand. It was published in 1844 and 

* ** Voyages of DisooYery in the Arotio and Antarctic Seas." 2 vols. 
9tq. 1884. 



300 Zoology. 

1845. Tliirty-five coloured plates accompanied the memoir, h 
of them are not referred to in the letterpress. These plates seei 
to have been drawn by D. W. Mitchell, who was about that date 
with G. R. Gray in illustrating the " Genera of Birds.** Some £n 
Wolf. When the "Appendbt** was published in 1875 I re-w 
list of the " Birds of New Zealand** and brought the subject up 
and was also able to issue some fine plates of Antarctic species. 
Dr. J. E. Gray had apparently intended to publish, and tl 
remained in his room for many years, until Mr. E. W. Janson boi 
stock and published the " Appendix.** 

Antarctic Expedition, British. 

See Newnes, Sib George. 

Antarctic Expedition Committee of the Boyal 
graphical Society and the Royal Society. 

27 birds and eggs from S. Trinidad Island, including the 
^stralata tuUsoni, collected by Dr. E. A. Wilson, of ue L 
[1905. 12. 30, 130-156.] 

78 birds from Macquarie Island, Auckland Islands and 1 
Ocean. [1905. 12. 30, 157-234.] 

124 birds and eggs, including; those of the Emperor Pensi 
Victoria Land and other parts of the Antarctic continent, coUi 
Dr. E. A. Wilson. [1905. 12. 30, 235-368, 393-412.] 

33 birds from the Antarctic Seas and Victoria Land, ooU 
Dr. G. A. Davidson on the relief ship Morning. 

Anthony (A. W.). 

61 specimens of birds and eggs, mostly from the Reyillagigedc 
Presented. [97. 11. 10, 1-61.] 

This young American naturalist has done very important woi 
the birds of the Pacific cotist of North America, and especially in ( 
and the islands which lie to the south of tlus portion of the oonti 

Aplin (Oliver V.). 

218 birds and eggs from Uruguay. Purchased. [97. 12. 2, 
This collection is described by Mr. Aplin in his paper on tl 

of Uruguay" in the "Ibis" for 1894 (pp. 149-216, pi. v., ^jgs), 

the excellence of the author's field-notes on the species obeervec 

the collection was of considerable value. 



38 specimens 


from North America. 


Purchased. 


[43. 7. 5 


16 „ 


» 


Italy 


»> 


[43. 12. 


24 „ 


» 


Mexico 


» 


[43. 12. : 
Type of 


36 „ 


»> 


Mexico 


» 


[44. 4. : 


2 „ 


99 


Shetland Isles 


99 


[44.4. 


14 „ 


» 


Cape Colony 


9> 


[44. 10. 11 


15 „ 


>» 


Bo^otd 


» 


[46.2.: 


11 „ 


*» 


Africa 


99 


'45. 3. ! 


19 „ 


jy 


Natal 


99 


45. 6. ! 


20 „ 


99 


Australia 


99 


[45. 11. 
'46. 11. 


30 „ 


|> 


Braza 


99 


7 „ 


»> 


Mexico 


99 


[46. 1. 



Birds. 301 



3 specimens 


fruuj 


Europe Purchased. 


[46. 5. 29, 1-3.1 


8 « 


n 


Australia 


it 


[46. 6. 5, 1-8.' 
[47. 2. 26, 1-20.' 


» « 


n 


Mexico 


99 


M „ 


99 


Mexico 


99 


[47. 3. 10, 1-14.' 


ss » 


99 


India 


*9 


[48. 3. 3, 1-22.' 
[45. 6. 3, 1-24.' 


24 « 


99 


N. W. America 


99 


24 „ 


99 


India 


99 


[49. 1. 15, 1-24.' 


63 ,, 


99 


West Africa 


99 


[50. 11. 18, 1-53.' 


11 » 


99 


IVinidad 


99 


[52. 2. 3, l-li; 


The type of Olobicera rvhricera (Gray). 




[52. 5. 14, i: 


14 specimens 


from South Ainerica 


99 


[52. 11. 27, 1-14.' 


12 n 


99 


South America 


99 


[54. 2. 2, 1-12.' 
'54. 4. 6, 1-57.' 


57 „ 


99 


Bogota 


99 



KoBt of these specimens, from the vagueness of their locality, have 
tan pueed into the duplicates and given away to other museums, only 
tkie of historical interest being retained. 

Aigent was a dealer in natural history objects, but was unknown to 
Mpenonally. His place of business was in Bishopsgate Street, so Mr. 
Gonrd, sen., tells me, and he was a great collector of tortoises and 
npdki, many of which were bought by Dr. J. E. Gray. 

Hie registers enumerate 500 specimens of birds as purchased from 
iigmt, bat the localities were not very precise, though they were cod- 
■wed good enough for the days in which he flourished. I'hus we read 
tf "North America'* in the first purchase made in July 1843, and he 
entmued to supply specimens imtil April 1854, when the registers know 
UiDame for the last time. In 1845 the first examples (15) from Bogut^ 
nieoorded, and in 1854 the Museimi bought 57 specimens from the 
■Be dace. These were the commencement of that endless stream of 
Bopti birds, now to be reckoned by millions, which have steadily come to 
Inope as articles of trade down to the present day. These skins are 
inpired by Indians in a somewhat rough manner, and are easily recog- 
UM hj their " make." The locality is worthless, as the hunters in the 
pnie&t day have to go some considerable distance into the different 
viIkjB to obtain a supply of skins for millinery purposes, so that Bogota 
ii synonymous for a very large area. 

The first paper on the birds of Bogotd was published by Dr. Sclaterlin 
tlie* Proceedings " of the Zoological Society for 1855, and the collections 
in tbe Museum formed the foundation of the paper which he wrote at 
this time (p. 132). 

Aqyil {mo. ihe late Duke of), K,G. 

7 wfeammB from Sicily. Presented. [97. 10. 30, 1-7.] 
This is apparently the only donation which the late Duke of Argyll 
nude to the collection of Birds ; but he was an accomplished ornithologist. 
Bid, IflLe the present Duke, an occasional visitor to the Bird room. 

Aijyn {KG. the Duke of), K,T. 
3 Ganneta from Argyllshire. [98. 4. 12, 1-3.] 

Axmitage (ICn). 

24 birds from British Guiana, Presented. [1904. 9. 9, 1-24.] 

Amot (Obpl. G. H.). 
28 specimens from Demerara. Presented. [1900. 8. 31, 1-28.] 



302 Zoology. 

Arrigoni degli Odd! (Gouni E.). 

100 specimens of Italian Birds. Presented. [99. 8. 12, 1-lOa] 
Count Arrigoni degli Oddi is one of the most serious studntirf 
Palasarctic omitholo$[y of the present day, and his great work, ''Atinli 
Oroitologico ; Uccelli Europei con notizie dindole geuerale et psrtioolinb' 
published in 1902 (pp. 166, xxvi., 568, tav. I.-L.), is a monniMBld 
volume which deals with the omitholc^ of the Western Falnictfa 
Eegion in a wonderfully complete manner, at once Bcientific and popahb 

Asliinore (G. P.). 

21 birds from High Peru. Presented. [99. 10. 3, 1-21.] 

Aubinn (St. Thomas David). [ 

A native collector on the Gold Coast, who obtained many rare spedn 
for Governor Ussher, and also sent collections to the MuaeunL 1 

Austen (E. E.). 

See Cambridge (F. 0. Pickabd). < 

20 birds from the River Amazon. [96. 5. 12, 1-20.] 
Mr. Austen, who is in charge of the section of **Diptera" in tki ] 
Zoological Department, has made expeditions to the River Amazon and to 
Sierra Leone, by the permission of the lYnstees. On the former occanonbi 
and his companion Mr. Pickard Cambridge obtained a small series of UrdL 

Australian Museum (Sydney, N.S.W., Frofe99or Robbb 
Ethebidoe, Director), 
30 birds from various parts of Australia. Presented. 

[77. 11. 16, 140.] 
107 birds from Australia. In exchange. [83. 12. 18, 1-107.1 
This last collection formed part of the mounted series in the Au- 

tralian Court at the International Fisheries Exhibition. 

38 birds from N.E. Queensland. Presented. [90. 9. 19, 1-38.1 
Several species were new to the Museum, CoUyrioeinda wwtit 

Eopsdltria chrysorthoa, Heteromyica einerei/rons, etc. 

A3rres (Thomas). 

33 birds from Natal. [59. 5. 16, 1-33.] 

Many birds from Mr. Ayres' first collection came to the Britiik 
Museum ; the eggs, obtained at the same time, passed into the baadirf 
Messrs. Salvin and Godman, and are also in the Museum. 

The Acdpitres obtained by Mr. Ayres were retained by Mr. JobA 
Henry Gumey, who was then forming the famous series for wUdi 
tlie Norwich Museum is so celebrated. Mr. Gumey presented mtoj 
specimens to the Museum at King's Lynn, for which town he was thtfi 
M.P., and described the whole collection in the ''Ibis" for 1859, 
together with notes made on the birds sent to Europe by Dr. GueiiUKiiii> 
Many of these latter had been purchased by the Museum tiirongh 
Mr. Samuel Stevens. Between 1859 and 1873 Mr. Gumey published no 
less than eleven lists of the birds sent by Mr. Ayres* from Katal. When 
the latter moved into the Transvaal, he settled at Potchefstroom and 
continued his collecting, the i>apers being written by himself, with 

♦ C/. Avres. Ibis, 1869, pp. 286-303; 1871, pp. 147-157, 253-270, pL 9; 
1873. pp. 280-287; 1874, pp. 101-107, pi. 3; 1876, pp. 422-433; 1877, 
pp. 339-354; 1878, pp. 281-301, 406-411 ; 1879, pp. 285-300, 889^-405; 1880, 
pp. 99-112, 257-273. 



Birds. 303 

lal notes by Mr. Qomey. Thirteen in all were published by Mr. 
TBi^ who m 1881 accompanied the late Mr. J. S. Jameson on his 
K^tkn to Mashonaland, and wrote the field-notes on the birds 
iiiiied in this country, at that time an untrodden ground for the 
tanlitt. Mr. Ayres' notes on the habits of South African birds are 
Bsof the moat interesting contributions ever made by an ornithologist, 
d IS in estimate of his integrity as a man, it is only necessary to state 
It he was allowed to remain in peace at Potchefstroom through both 
B Boer wars. Of. Gumey, "Ibis," 1859, pp. 234-252, pi. 7; 1860, 
I 208-221; 1861, pp. 128-136 ; 1862, pp. 25-39, pi. 3, 149-158, pis. 
5; 1863, pp. 320-330, pis. 8, 9; 1864, pp. 346-361; 1865, pp. 263- 
6; 1868, pp. 40-62, pL 2, 460-471, pi. 10; 1873, pp. 254-259. 
Minj oir Mr. Ayres' specimens have reached the Museum through the 
ijaintion of Capt. Shelley's and my own collections of African birds, 
id they are remarkable for their fine preservation. After the death of 
LOarney, his son John Henry Gumey divided the remaining series 
foflithed to him by his father between the British Museum and his old 
ind, Oinon Tristram. 

See Gurnet, J. H. ; Jameson, J. S. 

im (T. L.). 

8qo of the foregoing, and an excellent collector. Many of his 
in tie '"• ■ - - - - 



were in the Shelley and Seebohm Collections, and for some 
M he occupied himself in procuring a series of birds, in moult, for my 
pidil study ; these I gave to the Museum. 

poong^ (Cfapt. B. F.), H.M.S. Bing-dave. 
4ipecimens from Campbell Island, etc., including the typo of Ocydromus 
«!, Gfant, Bull B.O.C., xy., p. 78 (1905). 

aber (Bev. H. H.). 
144 epedmens from Madras. Plresented. [43. 10. 25, 1-144.] 

1 haye neyer been able to discoyer whether Mr. Baber was a missionary 
an army chaplain. His skins were of the usual Madras or ** Coorg " 
^ with a paper band round their bodies. The collection must have 
n of great senrioe to the Museum in 1843, as at that time we possessed 
ittly any specimens of Indian birds. 

liUe (Dr.). 

23 medmens from Nigeria. Presented. [62.6.30,12-34.] 
iy. Mr. Oldfield Thomas*s Report on Mammalian Collections. 

lil^y {OoL ihe Han, J. H. R.). 

2 specimens of the Common Magpie from Brecon. Presented. 
04. 6. 8, 2-3.] 

dlward (W. A.). 

31 specimens from Taviuni Island, Fiji Archipelago. Presented. 

L 7. 9, 1-16; 86.7.10, 1-15.] 

Kr. Bailward, on two occasions, presented small collections of birds 

nthe island of Taviuni, and among them were specimens of Chryscenas 

(or, Lamproiia vidorimy and its nest and etigs. 

iQwurd {Cdonel R. C). 

396 faiids from Persia. Presented. [1905. 12. 27, 1-396.] 



304 Zoology. 

Colonel Bailward served in the Royal ArtiUery from 1874 to 1906L 
He visited Persia in 1886, and again in 1889. Id 19(H he madi 
another expedition into Persia, taking with him Mr. R. B. Woosnam, iHi» 
made an excellent collection of hirds, which Colonel Bailward has prescoted 
to the Museum. 

Baker (E. C. Stuart). 

22 specimens of eggs from Cachar. Presented. [1902. 8. 23, 1-2SL1 
87 specimens of eggs from Cachar. Purchased. [1902. 11. 6, l-A; 
1902. 11. 21, 1-8.] 

Mr. Stuart Baker is one of the best-known Indian omithologiiti d 
the present day, and has contributed some important articles on the Uidi 
of Assam and Cachar to the " Journal " of the Bombay i^atund Hiitoiy 
Society and to the " Ibis.** Nearly all the specimens received from hki 
were eggs previously unrepresented in the Museum collection. 

Baker (Joseph). 

114 specimens of young British birds. [39. 8. 3, 1-114.] 

73 birds from Cambridgeshire. [40. 6. 23, 6-22 ; 40. 6. 24, 48-^; 
41. 6, 1672-1696 ; 44. 1. 1, 2-3 ; 44. 1. 2, 1-6.] 

292 birds from England. [49. 12. 24, 2-174; 60. 2. 19, l-«; 
50. 8. 13, 1-57; 50. 8. 21, 1-13 ; 50. 11. 5, 8-61.] 

66 nests of British birds with eggs. [61. 2. 11, 1-28; 51. lL2fi^ 
1-38.] 

15 birds from England. [54. 1. 31, 1-15.] 

Joseph Baker was bom at Melbourne, Cambridgeshire, and worked for 
some time for Mr. Gould. Under the direction of the latter the M% 
Giraffe which adorned the Mammal Gallery in the old British Mumub 
was mounted by Joseph Baker, and Mr. Edward Garrard, seOn Int % 
hand in completing the work, which was considered a big undertikiBg 
in those days. After leaving Mr. Gould, Baker had his workshopi in 
Cardington Street, where my friends the Gerrards, father and son (to 
whom 1 am indebted for much information about the naturalista of the 
middle of the last century), used to visit him. 

Towards the end of tlie forties a determined effort was made by Dr. 
John Edward Gray to improve the exhibition series of British birdf in the 
public galleries at Bloomsbury, and the task of procuring the specimeoi 
was given to Joseph Baker, who collected most of them near lui 
home at Melbourne, where he spent his holidays. The birds were irell 
mounted by him, but in the conventional attitudes of the period, and nxNfc 
of them have been transferred to other Museums, or replaced by men 
naturally stuffed examples. For many years Baker was employed by 
Mr. George Robert Gray in mounting birds for the galleries, aiui it at 
that time it was considered to be the rvh of a Museum to moont 
everything^ without consideration as to its value, the exhibition seriei wai 
alone thought of, and priceless specimens were recklessly mounted, with 
the result that types and other valuable specimens were exposed to the 
light and dust of the public galleries, where they were very soon blssched 
out of all recognition. 

When I was appointed in 1872, one of my first cares was to unmount 
and remove from tlie galleries all specimens of historical value. In msDj 
instances this inter]X)6ition came too late, and irretrievable damage had 
been done. It will hardly be credited that I have found as many as eleyen 
specimens of an Eagle, nil in the same plumage, and all from the mm$ 
place, mounted in a row on stands, and in one instance the bird had loit 



Birds. 305 

imb had been replaced by a wire prop. In other iDBtances 
been removed and stack on again with glue. Such were 
the Museum taxidermy fifty years ago. 

Samubl). 

fl from Egypt and the White Nile. Presented. [74. 6. 5, 

Batlet). 

18 from Sokotra. Presented by the British Association. 

f Balfour, under the auspices of the British Association, 
c expedition to the island of Sokotra, and obtained a very 
8 of birds, as the island had not before been visited by a 
of. Balfour's work was largely botanical, and his bird- 
bained diuring his journeys in search of plants. The 
oUection was described by Dr. Sc&ter and Dr. Hartlaub 
'^ 1881, pp. 165-175, pis. xv.-xvii.), and seven new species 
the types of which are in the Museum, viz., Cisticda 
ica htetUfUa^ Lanius uncinaius, Cinnyris hcU/auri, Passer 
\^osiruthus socatranuSf Amydrus /rater. 
tea passed into Gapt Shelley's collection, and have come 
into the hands of the Trustees, so that the entire series 
»f. Balfour is now in the National Collection. 
imsa Association; Ooilvie-Gbant, W. K.; Forbes, 
>. 

.E.). 

. S.E. AustraUa. Presented. [1905. 9. 22, 1-5.] 

rom S.W. Australia, collected by G. C. Shortridge. Pre- 

12. 26, 1-374.] 

n (D. H.). 

n the West Indies. Presented. [1905. 1. 1 1, 1-46.] 

n Jamaica. Presented. [1905. 10. 14, 1 65.] 

)• 

n Guayaquil. Presented. [41. 2. 4, 441-513, 516.] 
was botanical collector on board H.M.S. S^dphur. [See 
otany, p. 132.] 

;. Cecil) and Ogilvie-Grant (W. R.). 
ns of birds, nests and eggs from Madeira, the Desertas, 
blvage Islands. Presented. [95. 7. 1, 1-247.] 
•Ibis,''1896, pp. 41-55. 

OAELES A.). 

I N. Australia. Purchased. [1900. 7. 3, 1-48.] 

»m British New Guinea and N. Australia. Purchased 

13; 1900.8.16,1-14.] 

U. H. E.). 

8 from Aden. Presented. [92. 10. 20. 1-10.] 
98 was a good soldier, who rose from the ranks. He served 
and wrote some papers for Mr. Allan Hume^s journal. 
By** tiie principal ones being " Notes on the nidification of 

X 



306 Zoology. 

certain species in the neighbourhood of Chaman, S. Afghanistan** ^Str.F^ 
ix., pp. 212-220), and " A list of Birds observed in the neighboonioodtf 
Chaman ** (^.c, pp. 449-460). He got together a fine collection of Lidini 
birds* eggs. On being transferred to Aden, he was much interested in the 
ornithology of that Peninsula, and wrote a noteworthy paper on the renlti 
of his studies in that inhospitable spot ("Ibis,** 1893, pp. 57-81^ 
165-181}. 

He also published a series of articles on the birds of the Bombay Pre- 
sidency in the '* Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society," iDoi- 
trated by himself [Cf. " Ibis,** 1896, p. 162]. 

Baroda. 

See H.H. the Gaekwar of Baroda. 
Baron (O. T.). 

A Gkrman naturalist, who collected in OaliforDia, and made expe£- 
tions to Ecuador and Peru. He mounted all his Humming-bndt in tbe 
field, and a beautiful set of these birds was presented to the Muemnlf 
the Hon. Walter Rothschild. A series from his Peruvian oolketioiu m 
acquired by Dr. F. D. Godman aud presented by him to the MnMon. 
Other collections were sent to the Hon. Walter Rothschild. A p^« vu 
publishcKl on these collections by Mr.Osbert Salvin (Nor. ZooL, iL,pp.l-2SX 
and 16 new species were described. Mr. Baron himself contributed nw 
notes on the localities visited by him in Northern Pern to Mr. Botlt- 
schild's *' Novitates** (vol. iv., pp. 1-10), and some other new species htvB 
been described by Mr. Hellmayr (Nov. Zool., xii., p. 503, 1905). 

Baroody (S.). 

18 specimens from Mount Lebanon. Purchased. [94. 5. 6, 1-1&1 
72 specimens from Mount Lebanon. Presented. [94. 5. 7, 1-72.J 
An interesting, but somewhat ill-prepared, scries from the numnisni 

of Lebanon. 

Barratt (F. A.). 

119 birds from the Eastern Transvaal. Presented. [75. 9. 30, 1-7; 
75. 10. 1, 1-112.] 

61 birds from the Eastern Transvaal. Purchased. [75. 10. 7, 3-63.] 
This collection contaiDed the types of two new species (firodinititru 
harratti and Andropadus (potius Bleda) flavoatrtatus. Mr. fiuntt 
was an old schoolfellow of mine, and we met after many yean en ^ 
return from South Africa. I described the new species in the ** Ibis* for 
1876 (pp. 52-54), and Mr. Barratt himself described his collection in the 
same volume (pp. 191-214), where Bradypterus barratH was figond 
(pi. iv.). 

Barrett-Hamilton {Captain Or. E. H.). 

192 specimens from Bering Island and the North- Western Fttdfic 
Presented. [95. 7. 4, 1-192.] 

44 specimens from Bering Island, etc. Presented. [98. 3.i25, 1-3; 98. 
11. 11, 1-41.] 

21 specimens from Kamtschatka. Presented. [1900. L 6, l-lv» 
1902. 5. 1, 1-11.] 

20 specimens from the Orange River Colony. Presented. P^Ol* 
9. 20, 1-20.] 

900 specimens from the Orange River Colony, S.W. Transvaal, Griqn*- 
land West, and Cape Colony. Presented. [1905. 12. 28, 1-900.] 

Capt. Barrett-Hamilton's early studies were devoted to the Faons sod 



Birds. 307 

Flon of LrelAiidy and he has also paid much attention to Mammalia 
oipeoiUy those of the Western Palffiarctic region. He is particularly 
inlmrted in the Pinnipedia, on which he has written chapters in the 
"istuetic Manual,** and in the British Museum "Report" on the 
Mkm Orou collections. He is also a student of the phenomena of 
flrionr and sexual dimorphism in the Yertehrata. 

la 1896-97 he was selected by the Foreign Office and the Colonial Office 
tOKrre on the International Bering-Sea Seal Commission, and obtained 
MDe interesting specimens of birds. In April, 1901, he accompanied 
b Rgiment, the 5th Battalion Royal Irish Rifles, to South Africa, and 
nmained there till the dose of the war. Being in charge of some of the 
Uod-honaes, he utilised his leisure time in coUecting specimens of 
Mtanl history, and presented to the Museum a fine series of birds. 

Bartleti (Abraham Dbb). 
S^KCimens of young G^se. Purchased. [43. 12. 30, 1-8.] 
64 eggs of North American birds. Purchased. [51. 6. 12, 1-64.] 
29 specimens of birds firom Damara Land collected by C. J. Andersson. 
PiB^iied. [52.5.1,15-43.] 
To this collection reference has already been made (vide supra), 
lb, Bartlett, before he became Superintendent of the Zoological 
8m^8 Gardens, had a natural history agency in Little Russell Street, 
Blooniibary. My old friend Mr. Edward G^erntrd remembers it well, but 
the house has long ago been pulled down. Mr. Bartlett was an able 
Inidennist, of the school of John Hancock, and presented a few examples 
of ]itt art to the British Museum, but they do not seem to have been 
tqgiitered. He was wont to mount some of the rare animals which died in 
Ae Zoological Gkudens, such as the AUwnu^ which are still exhibited in 
AegdlerieSy and an Eagle Owl {Bvbo hubo) ; these have been the subject 
of TBaoy pictures in popular works on natural history. 

He belonged to a little coterie of hard-working field-naturalists, of 
^m Pnmk Buckland and Henry Lee were the leading spirits (cf. 
'Bh.' 1897, p. 499). 

Btfttett (Edwabd). 

259 specimens from Upper Amazonia. Purchased. [66. 5. 8, 1-66 ; 
». 6. 6, 1-16; 69. 4. 10, 1-10; 69. 6. 25, 1-146; 70. 6. 4, 1-2L] 

7 specimens from Egypt and South America. Purchased. [72. 12. 

at 1-7.] 

10 specimens from Mexico coUected by Mr. Dorman. Purchased. 
717.1,1-10.] 

Bdflst son of Mr. A. D. Bartlett. Principally known for his natural 
liitoiy explorations on the Upper Amazon, where he experienced con- 
idnble haidships, but discovered many interesting birds. His collections 
r«re described by Dr. Sdater and Mr. Salvin [P.Z.S., 1866, pp. 175-201, 
Lxviii.], and the first set purchased by the Museum in 1869. He had 
tVTxnuly accompanied Gaiion Tristram on an expedition to Syria and 
^ikstine. He was for some years curator of the Maidstone Museum, and 
i^erwards of the Sarawi^ Museum at Kuching. He has written the life 
This father (vide supra), 

bartlett (CfoL H. W.). 
12 birds from Sierra Leone. Presented. [1905. 4. 5, 1-12.] 

barton (KE. Capi, F. B.), Oavemor of British New Ouinea. 

68 specimens from the interior of British New Guinea. Presented. 
1902.7.20,1-68.] 

X 2 



308 Zoology. 

22 birds from British New Guinea. [1905. 7. 25, 1-22.] 
Capt. Barton, who is the Gbvemor of British New Ghiinei, bu 
interested himself in the natoral history of the colony, and pnuDted 
to the Museum a valnable collection of birds, indudlng the pecofiv 
Torrent-duck {Salvadorina waigiuensis) and the rare Pamiia Mawi, 
a Bird of Paradise not previously represented in the collection. 

Bates (G. L.). 

32 birds from French Congo. 1900. 2. 24, 1-32.] 
31 „ „ the Como River, Gaboon. [1901.4.24,1-31.] 
12 „ „ „ Benito River. [1901.7.6,1-12.] 
908 „ „ „ Camaroons. [1901. 10. 29, 1-46; 1902. 6. lfi» 
1-30; 1902. 7. 15, 1-100; 1902. 12.5,1-101; 1903.2. 16,1-25; 1901 
7. 16, 1-100; 1903. 10. 23, 1-177; 1904. 7. 18, 1-180; 1905. L 24. 
1-265 ; 1905. 7. 30, 1-61.] 

The importance of the collections made by Mr. Bates cannot be ofe^ 
estimated. The first series of birds from the Como lUver in Gabooa VM 
interesting enough, but the very complete collections which he hai wt 
to the Museum from the Benito River, the neighbourhood of Efii]eD,ail 
the River Ja, have proved of the greatest viuue to science. I enm|y 
agree with my friend Mr. Oscar Neumann, who has gone over thoa 
collections with me, and whose experience in AMcan smlogy is dflrirod 
from personal travel in many parts of Equatorial Africa, that in GunanxBi 
are represented at least three zoo-geographical areas, of which the moit 
northern shows an affinity to the Avifauna of Nigeria and the Gold Onit 
The mountainous central region exhibits relations to the equatorial dtfb 
included in my Camaroonian sub-region, whilst the more southern diatrioti 
possess a fauna almost identical with that of Gaboon and the Congo diitrid 
It is in the latter province of the Camaroons that Mr. Bates has w«kfi 
He has discovered several remarkable new species (firycMoreku Mi^ 
Accipiter batesif Mdittophagus batesi, CaUene cyomithopsU, etc), and the 
interesting series of biros which he has sent to the Museum will alviyi 
be a reco^ of sound work performed by this industrious nataralist 

Bates (H. W.). 

See Stevens, S. 

The great traveller, whose " Naturalist on the River Amason * Itff 
become an English classic. His collections from Ega and the Bio JaYvn 
(a river which had never been previously exploreid) were described by 
Dr. Sclater (P.Z.S., 1857, pp. 261-268). Eubuoco auranHicoUU «« 
described as new. 

Cf. Diet. Nat. Biogr., Suppl. i., p. 141. 

Battye. 

See Trevob-Battye. 

Bayne (W. M.). 

A specimen of Anas cristata from Argentina. Presented. [1904* 5 
5, 1.] 

Beavan {Capt, R. C). 

An excellent naturalist, who collected in the sixties in India, and did 
made good work. He was a friend of Dr. Jerdon, and also of the Maiqo" 
of Tweeddalc, in whose Museum most of Beavan's coUections are to Ij^ 
found. A good notice of his career is given in the " IbiB " for 1870 (p. 9W' 



Birds. 309 

om the Ghilapagos Archipelago. Purchased. [1902. 12. 

wn American explorer in the Ghdapagos and other Pacific 
Miast of Western America. 

. (Clauds). 

m Ashanti. Presented. [1900. 9. 8, 1-26.] 

.0. ihe Dtike of, KG,), President of the Zoological 
f- 

8 of the Tpecaha Rail (Aramides ypecahd). Presented. 

wan {Cygnus olor) from Wobum Abbey. Presented. 

eggfi and nests, from Fernando Po, coUected by Mr. E. 

Bented. [1904.6.22,1-402.] 

!rom Japan, collected by Mr. M. P. Anderson. Presented. 

6; 1905.12.21,1-256.] 

I of the rare Duck (Aaarcomio sctttulata). Presented. 

DKNy Mrs. Percy ; Rothschild, Hon. Walter. 

InUral Sir Edwabd). 

ollected in various parts of the Pacific and on the coasts of 

uct localities seem to have been preserved]. Presented. 

12. 12. 10, 2-5; 42. 12. 21, 4-7 ; 43. 7. 22, 1-83 (type of 

»); 47.3.4,92-322.] 

n Mauritius. [47. 3. 2, 1-14.] 

at. Bipgr. iy., p. 142. 

om the Lawas River and other localities in Northern 
laaed. [98.11.24,1-73.] 

>. 

[laturalist, who sent many eggs to Mr. Seebohm, in whoso 
are recorded. 

(Hans Gbaf yon). 

8 from the Island of Nias, all species new to the collectiou. 

shange. [93.12.11,1-3.] 

ns fi^m Colombia and otber coud tries of Northern South 

eived in exchange. [93. 12. 12, 1-31.] 

ns from New Guinea and other localities. Received in 

5. 12. 29, 1-13.] 

08 from Bolivia and other States of South America. Pre- 

J. 2, 1-20; 1900.2.3,5.] 

m Peru and Bolivia. Purchased. [1901. 8. 2, 1-22.] 

Berlepech is one of the greatest living authorities on South 

ithology. He has frequently presented to the Museum 

»te8 from his collection. 

fQIL) 

tna from Gan-su, in Western China. [89. 3. 25, 1-44. 



310 Zoology. 

Mr. Berczowsky took part in the Potania expedition to Gan-ni, a 
is an excellent collector. No less than 17 of the species obtained in 
him were new to the Museum. {Cf. Bianchi and Berezowski, Aves, Exp 
Potan. Gan-su, 1884-1887 : 1891.) 

Berlin Mnseum. 

18 birds from Equatorial Africa. Received in exchange. [9L 6. S 
1-18.] 

2 Francolins (Ptemistes hoehmi) from German East Africa. [19C 
3. 22, 1-2.] 

Betton (C. Stbwaet). 

28 birds from British East Africa. Presented. [97. 12. 9, l-li 
1901. 4. 17, 1-10.] 

Biddolph (OoZofieZ John). 

The type-specimens of Fodoces biddulphi and Sutfa obKura, Fu 
chased. [97.6.5,1-2.] 

448 birds from GUgit. Purchased. [81. 4. 29, 1-8 ; 81. 12. 29, 1-14« 

82. 4. 1, 1-294.] 

3194 birds from Gilgit, Kashmir, Turkestan and other localitie 
Presented. [81. 12. 30, 1-154; 97. 12. 10, 1-3040.] 

Colonel «ibhn Biddulph served during the Indian Mutiny under La 
Clyde, and was afterwards Aide-de-camp to Lord Norihbrook» vha tl 
latter was Gt)yemor-General of India. He accompanied Sir JknA 
Forsyth's mission to Tarkand, when the winter was passed in tin 
country, Colonel Biddulph proceeding to Maralbashi^ where he disooran 
a new species of Desert-Chougli (Podoces biddulphi). He also cromd tl 
two Pamirs and visited Wakban. In 1877 he was posted at Gilgit, u 
here he did splendid work in a practically unknown oountiy, hmg tk 
the first European to penetrate to Hunza and ChitraL His Oential Aiii 
collections have been described by me in the Report on the ** Sdeotif 
Results of the Second Yarkand Mission." Memoirs on the birds of Gilg 
wore published by Colonel Biddulph himself in the '* Ibis " for IBS 
(pp. 35-102), and 1882 (pp. 266-290). He also interested himself io tl 
family of Fringillidm and made a fine collection of these birds, wluc 
he gave to the Museum in 1897 with the rest of his omithologio 
treasures. 

Bingham (Colonel C. T.). 

133 birds and e<;<j;s from Tenasserim. Presented. [83. 4. 5, 1-^ 

83. 8. 20, 1-30 ; 83. 12. 27, 1-35 ; 84. 5. 23, 1-38.] 

When stationed with his regiment in the N. W. E^rovinces of h^ 
this indefatigable naturalist made a fine collection of birds from the nei^ 
bourhood of Delhi. His specimens, collected and labelled in the mo 
careful manner, formed part of the Hume Collection, and the egraof 1)UP( 
from the Delhi district are described and enumerated in Hum^B'*Ne> 
and Eggs of Indian Birds,** and in Oates' *' Catalogue of the Bird^ £fi 
in the British Museum." Colonel Bingham's most important woi 
was done when, as an officer in the Forest Department of the lodii 
Empire, he was in charge of the Thoungyin Valley in Tenasserim (^ 
" Stray Feathers," ix., pp. 13S-198). Papers on the birds of the Utt< 
province and Burma have appeared in Mr. Allan Hume's jourw 
"Stray Feathers" (v., pp. 79-86; vii., pp. 25-33; viii., pp. 190-W 
459-463 ; ix., pp. 471-475). 

Recent contributions to our knowledge of the Avifauna of the Sbi 



Birds. 311 

the Upper MekoDg Valley have been published by Colonel 
I the ** Journal* of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (with Mr. 
mpMn) for 1900 (pp. 102-142), and in the "Ibis" for 1903 
6, pla. XL and zii.). 

;f. E.). 

Aramides ypecdha and Ocydromus auatraHs, laid in his 

Presented. [98. 3. 15, 1, 2.T 
;8 of Chen rosHi^ C. hyperhorttw, Cygnus huccincUor, and 
•uMdieeps. Presented. [1905. 12. 8, 1-4.] 

1 {CapL T. A.). 

from Japan. Presented. [83. 12. 29, 1-32 ; 84. 1. 25, 1-27.] 
lald8ton*s early impers were on the birds of the Saskatche- 
in western Canada (Ibis, 1861, p. 314; 1862, p. 3; 1863, 
), He was a captain in the Royal Artillery, and his North 
ollection appears to have been presented to the Royal Artillery 
at Woolwich (ef. Whitely, " Catalogue of North American 
Sggs arranged in cabinets in the Museum of the R. A. Institu- 
I. In 1862 Capt. Blakiston commenced his papers on Japanese 
in the "Ibis, and he became an intimate correspondent of 
bert Swinhoe, who described several new and rare species. 
Blakiston sunmied up the results of his labours in a little 
'The Birds of Japan, Amended List" Q884), in which he 
the fact that the fauna of Yezo was defined from that of Hondo 
' dnnarcation at the Strait of Tsugar, the animals found to the 
bis strait being Japauese, while the northern islands were 
Siberian. Thus " Blakiston's Line '* has become as important 
the zoo-geography of Northern Asia as " Wallace's Line " is 
ent of the Avifauna of the Moluccas. 

anx (F.). 

mt in British Honduras, who made some valuable collections 
I of that country. The results are recorded in the " Biologia 
nericana," by Dr. F. D. Godman and Mr. Osbert Salvin. 

I (W. T.), LL,D., F,B,8., G.LE. 
s from Burma. Presented. [63. 5. 15, 1-84.] 
is collected by Dr. Blanford during the AbyssiDian Expedition, 
by the (lovemment of lAdia. [69. 10. 16, 1-476.] The first 
the Calcutta Museum. 
Is from various localities, Sikhim, Gbdavery Valley, Sind, etc. 

[73. 6. 16, 1-33; 80. 8. 12, 1-3; 80. 9. 29, 1-13 ; 80. 11. 11, 
. 8. 13, 1-16.] 

da from Baluchistan and Persia collected by Dr. Blanford during 
the Boundary Commission (vide infra). Received in exchange 
Qdian Museum, Calcutta. [74. 4. 23, 1-325.] 
»irdB from various ports of India. Presented. [98. 12. 12, 
This was Dr. Blanford's private collection of birds formed 

many years' service in India and Burma. An invaluable 
ipplementing the great Hume collection. 
refl-known naturalist and traveller was born in London on 
1832, and was educated at private schools. He studied at the 
looI of Mines in 1852, receiving an Associateship, afterwards 
year at the Mining Academy at Freiburg, in ChBrmany. In 
B65, he joined the Geological Survey of India in Calcutta, and 



312 Zoology. 

during his term of service worked in various districtf of India and Bonni^ 
Bengal and Orissa (185.V60), Trichinopoly, Irfadriu (Jnlv to SoptemlMr, 
1859), Pegu (1860-2). Here it was that Dr. Blanlbrd first begn ti 
collect birds {Cf. "Ibis," 1870, p. 462), in the Bombav PresidaHj 
(1862-5), and in the Central Provinces (1865-7). In the latter put rf 
1867 he was attached as Zoologist to the Abyssinian Expedition, oi 
went to Magdala with the army. He afterwards made an exconioi 
into Bogos Land with Mr. W. Jesse, the expedition lasting till Aognt 
1868, and for more than a year he was engaged in Calcutta ain is 
London in working out his collections (c/1 his ''Oeology and Zoology cf 
Abyssinia," 1870). 

From 1869-71 he was stationed in the Central Provinces, prindpiny 
in the Godavery Valley {cf. J.A.S.Beng., xxxviii., pp. 164-91, 18WX 
and in the last-named year and 1872 he was attacned to the Feno- 
Baluch Boundary Commission, and travelled through Persia (c^. "Euton 
Persia : An account of Journeys of the Persian Boundary ComminoBi 
1870-71-72 "). This book was prepared during furlough from IWW 
and published in 1876. An expedition to Sikhim with Mr. H. J. £!«• 
(^.v.) was undertaken in 1872, and an account of it given In the ** Joomil 
of the Asiatic Society of Bengal'' (xli., pp. 41-73), when JMi- 
fringiUa ruficollis and Otocorys dtoesi were described aa new speciei 
He was at work in Sind and the desert country from 1874-7 (ef. Stny 
Feathers, vii., pp. 99-101, 526, 527, 1878), and was on duty ti the 
Survey Office in Calcutta from 1877 to 1879. After a furlough till 1881, 
he visited the North- West frontier, Quetta to Dehra Ghazi Khan, in 
1881-2, and retired from the Indian Service at the end of the latter W. 
After his return to England his principal work was the editing of the 
" Fauna of British India," of which sixteen volumes have appeared, tod 
of these he himself has written the volume on Mammalia and V(da IIL 
and IV. of the Birds. He was awarded one of the Royal Sockty*! 
Medals in 1901. 

Blewitt (F. R.). 

Collected in Central India. Many birds and eggs are in the Hume 
collection from Saugor and Baipur. 

Blewitt (W.). 

His collections of birds and eggs from the Hansi district in the PoDJib 
are in the Hume collection. 

Blundell (H. Weld), and Lovat (Lard). 

416 birds from South Abyssinia. Presented by the aboTe-named 
travellers. [1900. 1. 3, 1-416.] 

16 new 8{)ecics were described by them and by Mr. OgHvie-Gftnti 
who has written an account of the collection in the ''I^'* for 1900 
(pp. 115-178, 304-387, pi. ii.-vi.). 

Blyth (Edwabd). 

6 birds from the neighbourhood of Calcutta. Presented. [44. ft. ^ 
1-6.] 

11 birds from Tenasserim and Burma. Presented. [62. 6. 29, 1-11*1 
A man of enormous knowledge, and one of the cleverest all-rooBd 
naturalists of the Victorian era. His edition of Cuvier's '* R^o Animal* 
is quite one of the best, as is also his edition of White's "Selbome." 
He was appointed Curator of the Indian Museum in Calcutta in XMt 
and worked there incessantly, without any furlouc^h, for nearly twenty- 



Birds. 313 

tio jtu% isiffliig the podtion of his Museum to one of the first impor- 
tmat, from 1841 to 1864, his monthly reports published in the 
"Jooml of the Asiatic Society of Bengal," on the accessions received 

If tke Museum, were of the highest scientific quality, and often 

flBBtemed monographic articles on certain groups of Mammals and Birds. 

Skfftlj before retiring from the Calcutta Museum he made a brief 

aeonion to Burma and Tenasseiim. 
[See Hume's appreciation of his work in 'Stray Feathers,' vii., 

pk 528 (1878). Biography— 'Ibis,' 1874, p. 465; J.A.aBeng., extra 



). 15iogra] 
1-167; Di< 



80,1875, pp. 1-167 ; Diet Nat. Biog., v., p. 276.] 

Vjfh ft Co. {Messrs.). 
a Inds from British New Guinea. Purchased. [98. 5. 31, 1-21.] 
Some rare species were in this collection, including an example ot 

MsMkma nigripectus, De Vis. 

B0ite(A.) 
48 birds from Ceylon. Purchased. [76. 5. 31, 1-48.] 

Boea^ {Prof. Babboza du), Director of the Lisbon Museum [q^v.]. 

Under the direction of Prof. Barboza du Bocage, a large amount of 
KMBtific exploration has been done in the Portuguese possessions in 
Afiiei bj means of collectors ^Anchieta, F. Newton, etc.) Prof. Bocage 
bM ilwiys been a good friend to the British Museum, to which he has 
irantod many rare species of birds. 

Book (Carl). 

8e$ Ramsat, Colonel R. G. Wardlaw. 
GoQectod in Sumatra for the late Marquess of Tweeddale. His book on 
tlVHeftd-htmters of Borneo " is a well-known work. 

Bohndorff (F.). 
128 specimens from the Niam-Niam country. Purchased. [84. 5. 1 

A most Important collection, containing five new species and others 
nokpnriously in the Museum, of great value as showing the extension cf 
tke porely West African Avifauna to the western watershed of the Nile. 
^ew^Kciee described : Crateropua bohndorffi, Sigmodus mentalis, Pionias 
^nmUf Ceuthmochares intermedius, Symium bohndorffi (cf. Sharpe, 
Joom. Linn. Soc. Zool., 1884, pp. 419-441). Bohndorfif had served in the 
Sodin with Gordon, and returning from Dr. Junker's expedition to the 
Sttm-Niam country, was nearly cut oflf by the Hrlahdi. Ho met Ghordon 
o the middle of the Korusko desert, as he was hurrying to his fate, and 
^ the last European who spoke to him. See my paper (I.e.). 

17 birds from the Congo River, including nine species new to the 
oDectkHL Purchased. [87.8.12,1-17.] 

After his return from the Sudan, Bohndorfif collected on the Congo 
ttd ID East Africa. Some of his skins, subsequently obtained in the 
Znttibir district, were presented to the Museum by Emin Pasha. 

Bombay Natural History Society. 

18 Kalij Pheasants from Upper Burma. Received in exchange. 
[1906. L 26, 231-248.] 

_ ^A ipedmen of Podoces pleskei from Kain, Persia. Presented. 
[1906.7!2M.] 



314 Zoology. 

Bond (Frederic). 

49 eggs of British birds. Presented. [58. 12. 3, 1-49.] 

18 British birds and nests. Presented. [73. 11. 7, 1-18.] 

A hybrid between Dafila acuta and Anas ftoMos. Beqnetthadl 

[89. 12. 21. 1.] 

A Spotted Sandpiper {Tringoides maculariw) from Einnbuiy Btm- 

voir, and other rare British-killed specimens. [90. 5. 26, l-llTj Purchind 

at Mr. Bond's sale at Stevens's. 

3 specimens bequeathed. A hybrid between a Pochard (AgQm 
ferina) and a Scaup Duck {Fuliyula tnarila), a hairy yariety oif ub 
Moorhen, and the only known British specimen of the Siberian Thrab 
iCichloselys sihirica) from Surrey (cf. Howard Saunders, Man. Brit Biid^ 
2nd ed., p. 12, 1899). [90. 5. 11, 1-3.] 

One of the best known of the British school of naturalists. He bid t 
wonderful collection of British birds and Lepidoptera, some of the lattai, 
obtained by himself in past years, having now become extinct In 1868 
he gave many valuable specimens when Mr. G. R. Gray was tiyiog to 
renovate the British exhibition series, and at his death left to the Muwom 
his British specimen of the Siberian Thrush and some other rare liirdL 
He had an extraordinary collection of albinos, which was di^pened If 
auction after his death. [C/l Harting, Zoologist, 1899, pp. 401-4% 
with portrait] 

Bone (H. P.). 

4 eggs of the Aquatic Warbler (Acrocephalus {iqvatieus) from the 
Bhine Provinces. Presented. [1904. 10. 12, 1-4.] 

Bonhote (J. Lewts). 

14 embryos of birds in alcohol. Presented. [1900. 8. 11, 1-8 ; 190L 
4.1.1-6] . . 

2 birds from the Bahamas, including the type of Mimus intmnt. 
[99. 6. 20, 1 ; 99. 8. 9, 68.] 

Mr. Bonhote is well known for his explorations in the Bihin» 
Islands, of which he has given an interesting account in the " Avicoltu*! 
Magazme" (viii., pp. 27&-85; (2) i., pp. 19-24, 54-62, 87-95); and the 
" Ibis," 1903, pp. 273-315. 

Another important paper on migration as observed at the Bthioe 
lighthouses was published in the ** Auk " (vol. xx., pp. 169-179). 

Boucard (Aoolphe). 

35 birds from Guatemala and Senegambia. Purchased. [72. 12. I2i 
1-35.] 

Some very interesting Accipitrine birds fix>m GKiatemala, porchsiea 
by Dr. Giinther to aid me in the preparation of VoL I. of the •'Cktslogue 
of Birds." The specimens from Senegal were collected by the well-kno^ 
traveller-naturalist Leon Laglaize, who afterwards did splendid iroik id 
New Guinea. 

14 birds, chiefly from Laglaize's Senegambian expedition, with • "^ 
collected by Olcese in Marocco. PurchasS. [73. 4. 5, 1-10, 13-16.] 

18 birds, chiefly Accipitres, from Panama. Purchased. [78. 6. Zbi 
11-16; 74.5.19,58-69.] 

29 specimens of Owls from different localities. Porchased. [74. i» *» 
11-24; 75.1.23,1-15.] 

61 birds from various localities (Madagascar, Panama, C^**** 



Birds. 315 

tc) Purchased. [74. 10. 12, 1-13 ; 74. 11. 11, 1-7; 75. 4. 20, 
6. 24, 1-8; 75. 10. 15, 1-10; 75. 11. 6, 1-13.] 
is from Colorado, Central and South America. Purchased. 
1-39; 76.12.15,1-11.] 

Is, 20 new to the collection, from New Guinea, mostly collected 
iitglaize, and Bruijn's hunters. Purchased. [76. 12. 17, 1-2 ; 
47; 78. 3. 29, 1-5; 80. 6. 8, 7-12; 88. 4. 3, 1-10.] 
Is from Central America; two species being new to the 
Purchased. [80.12.15,1-37.] 
inglB from Marocco. Purchased. [89. 1. 24, 1-40.] 
rds from the Riocour collection. Purchaised. [89. 5. 30, 

icard acquired this celebrated collection, which contained many 
\ types, and we went in company to see it in the museum attached 
;tean of the Riocour family at Yitry, near Cb&lons. All the 
mounted, and among them were specimens of the Great Auk 
:inct StarUng of Mauritius {Fregilupus variw). This, and all 
yf Yiollot that I could identify, were added to the National 

The Chftteau, which had been occupied by the Germans 
war of 1870, had been but little damaged by them, and was a 
ilace. The old servants were quite overcome with grief at 
dismantlement of the museum, which had been valued as 
possession by the old Comte de Riocour. I have never seen a 
nore carefully protected from the glare of the sun, and the 
were all in first-rate condition, even though some had been 
)r the best part of a century. The MSS. notes by Vieillot, 
Jules Verreaux and the Comte de Riocour himself were most 

The transporting of the Fregxlupus to England caused me 
sitity, seeing that it was infinitely more valuable than a Great 
was glad when I handed it into Dr. Giinther's custody, as I 
itted my hold of the case for some days and nights. 
8 from Madagascar and the Comoro Islands. Purchased. 
1-34.] 
B from the Molucca Islands, Australia and South America. 

[91. 2. 12, 1-75.] 
I's early collections in Mexico were described by Dr. Sclater 
1857, p. 226; 1858, p. 95, 294; 1859, p. 369; 1860, p. 250). 
rds settled in London, and was a very successful agent, from 
Museum aoquire<i some valuable collections, especially from 
nerica. New Guinea, and Madagascar. He made a special 
imming Birds, and published his own journal, the " Humming 
rhich he wrote a monograph of the Trochili, Gradually he 
ine private collection of birds, all of which he presented to the 
)um, where the Boucard Collection is kept separate, and is 
for reference. He also prepared a hand-list of birds, which he 
s a ** Catalogus Avium." 

lie presented to the Paris Museum a second large collection of 
rismg many species not contained in his first donation, and he 
ktiEd Curator of the Boucard Collection for his life, which 
Ay was then near its close. He gave 10,000 specimens to the 
lal Museum at Washington, and about 8,000 more to the 
^ Lisbon and Madrid. An obituary notice of this excellent 
ppears in the " Ibis" for 1905, pp. 299, 300. 

7 Commissions. 

Boundary Commission. See Aitchison, J. E. T. 



316 Zoology. 

ADglo-Grerman Boundary Commission. See DsLxi-BAixurny 

Colonel. 
Perso-Baluch Boundary Commission. See Blakfobd, W. T. 

Boundary Commissions, North American. 

106 birds from British Columbia, collected by J. Eeast Lord, Ei|. 
[60. 2. 23, 1-106.] Presented by the Foreign Office. 

Mr. Lord appears to have remained in British Columbia for nme 
time after the Commission had finished its labours, for a fine collictki 
was presented by him in 1862 and 1863 ; it consisted of more tbin40O 
specimens (c/. his book, "The Naturalist in British ColumUa"), nd 
others were presented by him to the Boyal Artillery Institatixm it 
Woolwich (c/. Whitely's Catalogue, 1865). 

300 birds and 77 ^gs from the 49th parallel. Presented by tlw 
Foreign Office. [76. 4. 15, 1-300 ; 91. 2. 16, 1-77.] 

The late Prof. George Dawson was the naturalist on the British itift 
of the Commission, and the late Prof. Elliot Coues on the Americtn nek 
See the Report by the latter (Bull U.S. Geol. and Geogr. Survey, toL it, 
no. 3, pp. 545-662, 1878). Six species were at that time new to tb 
Museum collection. 

Boordillon (F.). 

201 specimens from Travancore. Purchased. [80. 8. 19, 1-201.] 
Mr. Bourdillon's first collection made in the then little known piofiiice 
of Travancore was described by Mr. Hiune in " Stray Feathers" (fiif 
pp. 33-9, 172, 524; ix., pp. 299, 300). His second collection w 
purchased by the Museum, and so the whole results of his omithdogical 
work have passed into the National collection. 

Bourgeau (M.). 

A collection of 25 eggs from North America. Presented. [60. 2. 6, 
1-26.] 

Bouvier (A.). 

11 specimens from the Cape Verde Islands. Presented. [74. 1. V^t 
1-11.] 

18 specimens of Accipitres from Gaboon, Senegal, etc. Porchaflftl 
[74. 1. 12, 1-18.] 

34 specimens from Gaboon and Senegal. Presented. [74. 2. lit 
1-34.] 

158 specimens from Gaboon, the Congo, and Eessang in the Miby 
Peninsula. Purchased. [75. 0. 14, 1-76 ; 78. 2. 23, 1-82.] 

6 types and 22 species new to the Museum were included inthfl* 
collections. 

Bouvier waa naturalist to the ill-fated French expedition to Mexi» 
After visiting the Cape Verde Inlands, and making good collecticHiii b^ 
settled down in Paris as a natural history agent, and when I first j\t^ 
him at his house in the Quai des Grands Augustins, in 1876, he had qio^^ 
a large collection of birds. The idea of founding the Zoological Sodaty ot 
France arose with Bouvier, and the meetings were at fint held at bii 
flat. He promoted the expeditions of Marche to Senegambia, and tboi 
of the Marquis de Compile and Marche to Gaboon, from which comiU^ 
he received several fine specimens of Grorillas, Kooloo-Eambas, 9fi 
Chimpanzees, all of which I saw mounted in his house, before they pave 
into the possession of the Museum of Science and Art in Dublin. 

He also received the early collections of Dr. Lucan and Louis Pet 



Birds. 317 

inm the Lower Conj^o ; these were described by us conjointly in the 
•BalletiD de la Soci^t^ Zoologique de France," I., pp. 36-53, 300-14, IL, 
47iMl, III., 73-80. Among the remarkable novelties were Scotopelia 
hmffif Lophotriarchis Ittcani, Psalidoprocne petiti, etc. Most of the 
1^ from these collections are in the British Museum, but my descriptions 
cf A certain number of new species were taken by Bouvier to Paris 
after one of his visits to London, and published in his own name, a 
pneoeding I should not have resented, if the typical specimens from which 
thedii^Doses were derived had been sold, according to promise, to the 
BritUi Museum. This unfortunately was not the case, and the types 
rf mne of them, such as Cisticola landanx^ exist somewhere to further 
posla ondthologists, until their validity shall be established. 

Bower (Ca^. T. H. Bowteb). 
iraedmens from Queensland. Presented. [85. 11. 19, 1-4.] 
1928pecim«i8 from N.W. Australia. Presented. [87. 5. 2, 1-192.] 
G^it Bowyer Bower presented the collection made by his son in the 
Ikbj district of Northern Australia. Dr. E. P. Ramsay, the Director of 
teAostndian Museum, Sydney, published a list of the Derby collection 
[ft. LimL Soc N. S. Wales (2) II., pp. 165-73.] The young naturalist, 
whom I knew personally, started in hopes of achieving great ornithological 
nsolti^ and took with him as assistant Mr. Walter Burton, a tirst-rate 
tuddermist After a successful commencement, Mr. Bowyer Bower died 
itm fiifer, and Mr. Burton had the mournful ta^ of bringing back to his 
punte the body of the brave young explorer. The collection was 
bevrtifally prepared, and, when presented by his father, proved a very 
nfaiible Acquisition to the Museum. {Cf, Ibis, 1887, p. 479.) 

Bowring {Sir J.). 
31 Irirds from Egypt Presented. [41. 1. 14, 58-88.] 
(y. Diet Nat. Biogr., vi., pp. 76-80. 

Bradahaw {Br,). 

U specimens from the neighbourhood of Upington, Orange River. 
Pwented. [82, 9. 21, 1-14.] 
See alio Davis and Soper. 

During his furlough in England I met Dr. Bradshaw several times. 
He wai then a medical officer in the Frontier Police Force, stationed at 
IJpiQgton in the north of Gape Colony, and he was suffering from some 
wtMn of the lower larynx. He had to rejoin in South Africa just as 
^ WIS beginning to feel better, aud died, as he had himself predicted to 
iBe, nry Portly after. 

Not only was Dr. Bradshaw an excellent observer, but no man ever 
ouide better skinB of birds. He had been through Matabeleland to the 
Zimben, and had visited the Victoria Falls. On this expedition he 
Ottdeafine collection of birds, which he seems to have consigned to a 
UnAoL firm for disposal. Luckily the firm appealed to the Museum, and 
*9 w«e able to a<>quire a series of Dr. BradshaVs specimens, and Capt. 
^^>iSky bought ^e remainder, so that the early collections of this 
^inUeat naturalist are now in the British Museum. Unfortunately the 
^^^Qsctioii was never labelled, and was sold as from the Zambesi Biver. 
^* Bradshaw, however, told me that scarcely any specimens were 
oUtined on the river itself, and that his series of birds was almost with- 
^ooeption from the Makalaka country. 

He jffsiented some specimens to the Cape Museum, and a few from 



318 Zoology. 

the Orange River were given by him to the British Maeeum duriog h» 
stay in England. 

Brandt. 

33 specimens from various parts of Bussia, Siberia, and Central Ani 
Purchased. [42. 3. 14, 14-22; 42. 4. 26, 6-9; 44. 3. 14, 5-6 ; 46. i 
21, 16-23; 46. 7. 22, 5-14.] 

81 skeletons of birds from Chili. Purchased. [50. 11. 14, 1-38; 5t 
1. 28, 1-10; 58. 11. 20, 1-33.] 

Brandt was a well-known dealer in Hamburg, and (so I have beet 
told) a brother of Prof. Brandt, the Director of the Imperial Itomm 
in St. Petersburg. Through the latter he received for disposil muj 
duplicates from the expeditions of the Russian Gk>vemment, and tfav 
the Museum was able to acquire many interesting specimens. Who 
collected the Chilian skeletons of birds I have not been aole to disooTer. 

Branicki {CoufU). 

10 specimens from Poland and 22 from Peru, including 9 species Dev 
to the collection. Presented. [92. 12. 24, 1-32.] 

13 specimens from Peru and Bolivia. Received in exchange. [1903L 
10. 12, 1-13.] Contained several species new to the collection. 

When Dr. Taczanowski was Director of the Warsaw Museum, the 
two brothers, Counts Branicki, organised several expeditions to Somth 
America, especially to Peru. Hence Taczanowski was able to write hit 
standard work, the " Omithologie du P^rou," in furtherance of whiA he 
visited England and the princiml Museums of Europe. Mr. Jelski, who 
had previously collected on the Kiver Oyapock in Cayenne for the IftinD 
Verreaux, and Dr. Stolzmann were the naturalists selected, uid both did 
splendid work. Many of the duplicates passed into the Sdater and 
Sialvin-Godman collections. Afterwards Count Branicki decided to foQad 
the Museum Branicki at Warsaw, of which Dr. Stolzmann is now the 
Director, and the collections made by Kalinowski in Peru and Ecoidor 
have been described by Count von Berlepsch and Dr. Stolzmann (F.Z&, 
1896, pp. 322-88, pis. xiii. and xiv. ; 1902, vol. u., i)p. 18-60). 

Brazier (John). 

25 eggs from New Britain and the Solomon Islands. Presented. 
[74. 11. 18, 38-62.] 

Mr. Brazier is i>rincipally known as a Concholo^t, but on hii 
expeditions to the islands now known as the Bismarck Archipehflis he 
was in the habit of collecting birds in spirits, which he sent to nismend 
Gerard Krefft, the Director of the Sydney Museum, and the predeoewor 
of Dr. E. P. Ramsay. Mr. Krefft forwarded the collections to Dr. P. h. 
Sclater at the Zoological Society (cf. P.Z.S., 1865, pp. 620-22, pi. ixxv.> 

Breadalbane {Marquew of). 

8 specimens of Tttr(w urogaflus and other Game-birds from Eillin and 
Tyndrimi, N.B. Presented. [92. 12. 18, 1-8.] 

4 Ptarmigan from Blackmount, Perthshire. Presented. [1^ 
8. 10, 1-6.] 

Bremen, Geographical Society of. 

222 birds from Siberia and Central Asia. Purchased. [78. 12. 31, 
20-222.] 

This collection was the result of the expedition to Central Asm 
promoted by the Geographical Society of Bremen. 



Birds. 319 

itonluts attached to the expedition were the celehrated German 
the late Dr. A. E. Brehm, Count Earl von Waldburg-Zeil- 
ig, and Dr. Otto Finsch. The latter well-known ornithologist 
1 a memoir on the birds procured during the expedition (Yerh. 
Wien, xxix., pp. 128-280). 

ley (Julius). 

rds from the islands of the Pacific Ocean. Presented. [70. 3. 

] 

encfaley accompanied Commodore Sir William Wiseman on his 
the Pacific, ana has embodied the results of the expedition in 
nown work, ** The Cruise of the Curofoa " (" Birds," pp. 354-94, 
I. The collection presented by Mr. Brenchlcy was a truly 
B one and contained many species new to the Museum, among 
g the types of the following species : Jatur tUbogtUariSy Gray, 
u icilomoneruis, Sharpe, Glyciphila flavotincta. Gray, Philemon 
rray, Lalage hank$iana. Gray, Ptilopus solomonensisy Gray, 
la hrencMeyiy Gray, Rhipidura spilodera, Gray, and Megapodius 
Gray. 

TapL). 

J from Valparaiso. Presented. [46. 6. 12, 1-20.] 

(Dr. T. M.). 
! and 5 nests of North American birds. Presented. [76. 7. 1, 

nted American naturalist, author of " North American Oology.** 
Iso joint author, with Professors Baird and Ridgway, of the 
of North American Birds" and the "Water Birds of North 



(Thomas). 

GumNO, H. 

Is from Chili. Purchased. [43. 7. 21, 1-50; 43. 7. 22, 2-11.] 
■da from Bolivia. Purchased. [46. 9. 9, 1-271.] 
early yolumes of the " Proceedings " of the Zoological Society 
of Mr. Bridges frequently appears. His collections were subse- 
sposed of, and many of his specimens are in the Derby Museum 
N)I. His first collections from Chile were described by Louis 
Z.S. 1843, pp. 108-12y, but subsequent work from Panama 
) subject of a paper by Dr. Sclater entitled, " List of Mammals 
collected by Mr. Bridges in the vicinity of the town of David, 
ince of Chiriqui, in the State of Panama" (P.Z.S., 1856, p. 138). 
[r. Bridges was a C.M.Z.S., and Dr. Sclater contributes a list of 
Bted by him in the Valley of San Jos^, in the State of California 
167, p. 125). In the next year Mr. Bridges himself contributed 
tes on Califomian Birds" (P.Z.S., 1858, p. 1). 
portant collections in Chili and Bolivia do not seem to have 
ibed in their entirety, though some new species were named 
[Prymomis hridgesiy etc.). 

William), the Gookham Naturalist. 

Shabpr, K. Bowdleb. 

was head-gardener to Mr. De Yitre at Formosa, near Cookham. 

irst-rate observer and taxidermist, and much esteemed by Mr. 



320 Zoology. 

Gould, who mentions his prowess on more than one oocasion in hii 
" Birds of Great Britain." 

He was my guide, philosopher, and friend in my early days, and 
mounted all my birds for me. We were planning excursions to diffianBt 
parts of the coast, when he died suddenly of heart disease: he lis 
buried in Gookham churchyard. When I was appointed to the Moaea, 
one of my first acts was to present my entire collection of British Indi 
in the name of my old friend, so that he should be connected with tb 
national museum of his native country, of which he was certaii^ OM 
of the best field ornithologists. Among this collection, mounted by Aign 
are all the birds procured by me as a boy, the first specimen everihotif 
me being a Wryneck. It would be difficult, under the present iltsnd 
conditions of the Thames, to find now the birds which were to be nut 
with in the days of Briggs and myself forty years ago. 

British Association for the Advanoement of Science. 

66 birds from Sokotra, collected by Prof. I. Bayley Balfour (94^) 
Presented. [81. 3. 21, 1-66.] 

103 birds from the Tenimber Islands, collected by Dr. H. 0. FoHml 
Presented. [83. 5. 30, 1-103.] 

75 birds from Kilimanjaro, collected by Sir Harry Johnston, E.GJL, 
O.C.M.G. Presented. [85.6.14,1-75.] 

35 birds from the Camaroons, collected by Sir Harry Johartoo, 
K.C.B., G.C.M.G. Presented. [87.3.7,1-35.] 

The British Association, in conjunction with the Boyal Society ind 
the Royal G^graphical Society, has often contributed funds for tho 
support of exploration. All the expeditions mentioned above were of 
the greatest service to zoological science. 

Among Professor Balfomr's discoveries in Sokotra was the woDderfd 
new genus of Finches (Bhynchostruthus 8ocotranu8\ and many othv 
novelties described by Dr. Hartlaub and Dr. Sclater (P.Z.S., 1881, pp. 
953-9, pi. Ixvii.). 

Dr. Forbes' expedition to the Tenimber Islands, full of difficulty vd 
danger, shared in the most heroic manner by his wife, resulted in the 
discovery of 26 species new to the Museum, of which 21 were also aev 
to science. [Of, Sclater, P.Z.S., 1883, pp. 48-58, pis. xi.-xiv. ; Foriw, 
'* Naturalist's Wanderings in the Malay Archipelago."] 

Sir Harry Johnston's exploration of Mount Kilimanjaro resulted in 
the acquisition of eleven s})ecie8 new to the Museum, of which six were 
previously unknown {Muscxcapa johnstoni, ProiiruxHa aaillaris, Cinnfni 
mediocris, Nectarinia johnstoni, N, hiliinansis, and PinarochrfM hsf^ 
podia). [Cf. SheUey, P.Z.S., 1884, pp. 554-8, pi. IL ; 1885, pp. 222-% 
pis. xiii. and xiv.] 

The exploration of the Camaroons mountains in West Africa by the 
same naturalist resulted in the discovery of four new species of birdi 
(Foliopicus johnstoni f Laniarius atroJUivus, Fadlipoprocne fidigi'Mi»% 
Ploceus melunoyaster), [Cf. Shelley, P.Z.S., 1887, pp. 122-6, pis. xiii. 
and xiv.] 

Broadbent (Kendal). 
See Gerrard, £. 

A well-known Australian collector, who has also visited New Gain*' 
[Cy. Sharpe, Journ. Linn. Soc. ZooL, xiii., pp. 486-505.] 

He was the discoverer of Sphenura hroadbenti, one of the D><)et 
iDtcresting of recent discoveries in Australia. Of this the Musenm htf 
only recently acquired a specimen presented by Mr. Kobert HalL 



Birds. 321 

oke (Basil). 

8» Gkbbabd, K ; Sharpe, R. Bowdler. 
LjODDger brother of Sir Victor Brooke. Visited with his wife the 
d of Mrdinia on more than one occasion, and discovered there the 
I Foquine Falcon which I named Faico hrookei [Ann. and Mag. 
ffirt. (4) XL, pp. 20, 222, 1873], and which is now identified with 
9 jNmiciis, the Mediterranean Peregrine. An excellent paper on 
\mM of Sardinia was published by him in the "Ibis" for 1873 
149-66, 235-48, 335-49). He died young, during a visit to 
ioo^ and his collection was dispersed. Some of the most interesting 
I were purchased from Mr. Gerrard, and others were bought by 
alf and jv^aented to the Museum. 

lOke (JBLH*. Sir James), Bajdh of Sarawak. 

.04 ipecimena from Singapore and Sarawak. Presented. [45. 10. 2, 

.5; 45. 10. 2, 1-25; 50. 10. 24, 1-74.] 

Siriy collections from the Malay Peninsula and Borneo, presented by 

bit Bajah of Sarawak. 

)Oke (H.H. Sir Charles J.), Bajdi, of Sarawak. 

\ specimens of Spilornis, one being the type of S. raja, Sharpe. 

ented. [1905. 12. 3, 1-2.] 

urn {Bev. G.). 

See Gkrbabd, E. 
fr. Brown was a missionary who collected in New Britain, Duke 
fock Island, etc. His collections were described by Dr. Sclater. 
A, 1877, pp. 96-114, pis. xiv.-xvi.; 1878, pp. 289-90, 670-673, 
E; 1879, pp. 446-451, pi. xxxvii. ; 1880, pp. 65-67, pL viii.; with 
teen new species.) 

rhe early collections were purchased by the Marquis of Tweeddale, 
after the death of the latter, the remainder were acquired by the 
earn through Mr. Edward Oerrard. 

nm (J. A. Habyie). 
See Habyib-Bbown. 

rnnlow (Eart). 

i Beacock (^Pavo cristatus var. n%grip€nni8\ died in confinement. 

anted. [1904.5.7,1.] 

i4]n (J.). 

Bee BoucABD, A. 

Qflilia {Frofeswr Spibidion). 

24lttrd8 from Croatia. Presented. [89. 12. 20, 1-12; 91. 6. 5 

SI 

not Bnisina is the historian of the birds of his native country. He 

' pnaented specimens of his new Croatian Shag (Fhalacrocorax 

B^MMi) to the Museum. 

^OBMlfl {Baifal Museum of Natural History). 

^tedi from Belgium. Presented. [73-6. 7, 1-62.] 

"ken jffeparing my first volume of the " Catalogue of Birds," I made 

'^ciinioQ to various foreign Museums to examine types of rare species 

^t n. Y 



322 Zoology. 

of Accipitres, At that time the Museum was without any senei of 
continental species, and my amiable and talented colleague. Dr. DaboHi 
presented an interesting collection of Belgian birds, whidi I broogbt 
home with me. 

Bryant (Mrs.). 

6G birds from the West Indian Islands. Presented. [70. 4. 12; 
1-66.] 

Dr. Bryant, who was a well-known American ornithologist, made col- 
lections in the Bahamas, Jamaica, Porto Rico, and other West Indin 
Islands, and at his death his widow distributed his collection betven 
various Musemns, such as the Smithsonian Institution, the Britiik 
Museum, and the private collections of Dr. Sclater, Messrs. Salrin and 
Godman, etc. The specimens received by the British Museum were tlvi, 
and are still at the present day, extremely valuable, and the intentioDirf 
the broad-minded naturalist who gave them have b«en fully appredatei 

Buck (Walter J.). 

6 specimens of the Great Bustard {Otis tarda) from Andalugia. Pre- 
sented. [89. 12. 16, 1-6.] 

Buckley (T. E.). 

20 birds from the Transvaal. Presented. [74. 4. 16, 1-13 ; 74. 6. 15^ 
1-7.] 

Mr. Buckley accompanied Capt. Shelley on an expedition to the Gotl 
Coast, and discovered a new Lark (fialandrtlla buckleyi) on thife 
occasion (c/. " Ibis,*' 1872, pp. 281-93). 

He afterwards yisited Matabeleland and Swaziland (ef. *' Ibis," 1874^ 
pp. 355-91). His Swaziland collection forms still the only foundatkm of 
our knowledge of the Avifauna of this part of South Africa. 

Mr. Buckley ultimately disposed of his collection to his old frivd 
Captain Shelley, and with the Shelley Collection the whole of it bai 
passed into the British Museum. In conjunction with Mr. Harvie-Brovn, 
he wrote several valuable works on the ornithology of SooUand tod 
its isles, e,g, the ' Vertebrate Fauna of Sutherland, Caithness, and Wot 
Cromarty,' Edinburgh, 1887; do. Outer Hebrides, Edinburgh, 1888; 
do. of Argyll and the Inner Hebrides, Edinburgh, 1892 ; do. of the Mony 
Basin, Edinburgh, 1895. 

Bugle (CapL). 

36 birds from Demerara. Purchased. [99. 2. 7, 1-36.] 

Bullen (Bev. R. Ashixgton). 

2 birds from the Shire River, Zambesi. Presented. [1904. 9. 6, 1, 2.] 

Buller {Sir Walter Lawry), D,Sc., KB.S. 

3 specimens (Flatycerctis alpinus and Larus Mlert) new to tltf 
collection. Presented. [72. 11. 22, 1, 2 ; 72. 12. 21, 1.] 

1 young Megapodius pritchardiy Nuia Foou Isl., Tonga group. ^^ 

sented. [1904. 7. 29, IJ 

5 birds from Axim, W. Africa. Presented. [1905. 1. 22, 1-6.] 
Sir Walter Buller is the historian of the Avifauna of New Zealanihj 

native country, and two editions of his great work have been paWithjd 

by him. The collections on which his history is based are in toe 

Kuthschild Museum at Tring. 



Birds. 323 

:d. S.). 

fioai Chile. Paiduwed. [1905. 4. 12, 1-30.] 

ITebster {Bev. G. R.). 

len of Symium funereum from British Columbia. Presented. 

.1.] 

(F.). 

^BITCU, H. 

)idge was a botanical collector, who travelled in the East for 
di. He was at the same time a good ornithological observer, 
I N.W. Borneo he ascended the slopes of Mount Kina Balu, 
) Lawas River, and visited the Sulu islands, where he dis- 
lew Parrot (ThnygtuUhus hurhidgei). His collection was 
me (PJS-S^ 1879, pp. 245-9). 

T.> 

is from Buxton Co., West Virginia. Presented. [190G. 

«Mr(H.). 

■om the Argentine Republic. Purchased. [72. 6. 31, 1-8.] 
ctor of the Buenos Aires Museum and author of the " Thiero 
and the "Reise durch die La Plata-Staaten, mit besonderer 
uf die physische Beschaffeuheit und deu Culturzustand der 
en Republik." He discovered a new species of Seriama which 
oed after him Chunga burmeisteri. 

Sir W.) and Pitzroy (Admiral). 

imens from various parts of South America. [37. 2. 21, 
'. 3. 16, 1.] 

lecimens were collected by Admiral Fitzroy, a celebrated 

; of his time (cf. Diet. Nat. Biogr., vii., p. 414). Sir Wm. 

the King's physician, and what he had to do with the 

of a collection made by the Admiral, I have never been able 

[Capt. Guy). 

Hens from the Aruwhimi River, Upper Congo. Purchased. 

1-31.] 

many other interesting; specimens, one of Dryotriorchis 

West African Serpent-Eagle, is the most noteworthy. 

»n acquireil by the Museum is but a small portion of that 

^pt. Quy Burrows, only one box having reached England 

il forwarded to Antwerp for transmission to this country. 

3f the Pigmies, etc.,** London, 1898.] 

HABLES). 

n spirit from S. Australia. Presented. [96. 9. 16, 1-39.] 
he sons of Henry Burton, a well-known taxidermist of 
•eet, to whom many specimens of Osbert Salvin'a youthful 
sre due. All the sons were clever taxidermists. 

\r Bichabd). 

from Camaroons and Fernando Po. Presented. [62. 6. 22, 

,8-23; 62.11.28,1.] 

Y 2 



324 Zoology. 

5 birds from Midian. [78. 8. 20, 1-6.] 

35 birds from the Ankobra River, Wasa, Gold Coast. [82. 6. 12, 1-85 

From Sir Richard BurtoD, the famous trayeller and QrientaUit, tk 
Museum received its first collections from the Gamaroms, with nme B0 
species {Scrinus hurtoni^ OaUene iaaJbdlm^ etc.) described by G. B. Gn 
(Ami. and Mag. Nat. Hist (3; x., pp. 443-445). 

In conjunction with Capt. Cameron he went to the Gold Cotit, m 
the two explorers presented a small collection from the Wasa diitok 
{df. " Life of Sir Richard Burton." By his wife, Isabel Burton ; 2 voii 
1893.] 

Burton (Walter). 

Another son of Henry Burton. 
See BowYER BowsR. 
Bury (G. W.). 

See Ogilvib-Grant, W. R. ; Gerrard, E. 

166 specimens from Southern Arabia. Purchased. [1902. 12. 
1-82 ; 1902. 12. 13, 1-84 ; 1903. 8. 12, 1-244.] 

Mr. Bury was the Political Agent on the Acfen Hinterland frontier,!] 
has for some years past been exploring parts of Southern Arabia, wfac 
his knowledge of Arabic dialects has enabled him to travel as a natii 
During these expeditions he has made some collections of birds, whi 
have l^n described by Drs. Lorenz and Hellmayr (Denkschr. Akad.^ 
Ixxi., pp. 103-21, Taf. 1 ; Bull. B. 0. C, xii., p. 80 ; xiii., p. 21) lud ' 
Mr. Ogilvie-Grant. His most notable discoveries have been a new ipec 
of Bhynchostruthus, FringiUaria tdthalM, Serinus rotfuchUdif etc. [l 
Grant, Nov. ZooL, vii., pp. 243-273, 691, pi. x.] 

Butcher (S.). 

108 specimens of birds and eggs from the Persian Gulf. Preaenti 
[94. 11. 13, 1-108.] 

Butter (A. L.). 

2 birds from Kordofan. Presented. [1904. 6. 12, 1-2.] 
2 P^ito|)ac^u«/u8ctM young from Kordofan. Presented. [190^.7.6,1-: 
Son of Colonel A. E. Butler, and, like his father, a first-rate prner 
of mammals and birds. He has worked chiefly in the upper regifloi 
Egypt and the Nile, and has contributed to the ''Ibis for 1895 
important paper on the omitholo^ of the Eg3rptian Soudan (rf. "Hi 
1905, pp. 301-401). He is now Superintendent of Game Preserriti 
under the Egyptian Government. 

Butter (Arthur Gardiner), Ph,D. 

A Java Sparrow (Padda oryzivora\ pied variety, bred in coofb 
ment. [1904.2.5,1.] 

2 Weaver-Finches (Quelea gudea^ Tmniopygia oasUuMiu)^ bied 
confinement. Presented. [1904. 3. 1, 1 ; 1904. 5. 8, 1.] 

A young Diamond Dove {Qeopdia cuneata\ died in captivity. P 
sented. [1905.7.29,1.] 

A white variety of the Common Bobin {Erithacus rftdecvb). ^ 
sented. [1905.9.21,1.] 

Butter {Col E. A.). 

70 birds from Mount Abu, Western India. Presented. [89. !• 
1-70.] 

9 birds from Suflfolk. Presented. [98. 1. 27, 1-9.] 



Birds. 325 

Gdonel Butler is one of the most artistic preservers of specimens that 
I iiife ever known, every single skin of his collections having been 
mind with the most scmpolous care. His entire Indian series, save a 
m itins which he presented direct to our Museum, passed into the 
kadi cf Mr. Allan Hume, and some important papers were published 
CithecQikctions («* Stray Feathers," iii., pp. 437-500; ix.,pp. 367-442). 

Daring the first Boer War he served with his regiment in Natal, and 
wdt a collection of birds, now in the Shelley collection. Interesting 
Mta OQ these birds were published in the " Zoologist " for 1882 (pp. 
lOMGO). 

CSoknel Butler has also published two very useful memoirs, viz., 
"Oitilogue of the Birds of Sind, Cutch, etc.," 1879 (pp. 1-83), *" Gataloj^e 
of the Birds of the southern portion of the Bombay Presidency," 1880 
(pp.l-114> 

BfiWkofer {Dr. J.). 
See FsAKK, G. A. 

A Swiss naturalist, who was for some years attached to the Leyden 
Ibmim as Professor Schl^;el's ornithological assistant He has travelled 
oianflYely in Liberia, where, after enduring great hardships, he procured 
slDsadleetion of mammals and birds from this region of West Africa. 
Ana this celebrated exploration the British Museum obtained a few 
dnBeates through the agency of Mr. G. A. Frank {cf, BUttikofer 
'BBinMlde," 2 vols., published in 1890). 

Hs also conducted an expedition into the mountains of Dutch N.W. 
Bonn (qT. Notes, Leyden Museum, vii., viii., x., xi., xii.). He is now 
tkiDinetor of the Zoological Gardens at Rotterdam. 

Buxton {Bev. H. F.). 
68 Inds from Mombasa. Presented. [82. 12. 3, 1-68.] 

Caleatta Mnsenm. 

See India Mussum, Calcutta ; Anderson, Dr. John ; etc. 

Cimbridge (F. O. Pickabd). 
See AUBTEN, £. C. 
20 specimens from the River Amazon. [96. 5. 12, 1-20.] 

Ouneron (E. S.). 

12Kids of Prey and Ducks £rom Montana. [91. 7. 18, 1-9 ; 91. 8. 13, 
1-3.] 

lite series includes very interesting specimens, the various plumages 
of Bsfco twainaonif etc. 

CaoiAron (Oapt.). 

See BuBTON, Sib Richard. 

Campbell (C. W.), KB.M. Consul in Corea. 
^eWrdsfipomCorea. Presented. [91. 10. 13, 1-75 ; 91. 10. 19, 1-21.] 
52 Mrds from the neighbourhood of Pekio. [1901. 5. 20, 1-52.1 
(Jf. Seebohm, ''Ibis,^ 1894, p. 338. Suthora langicauda, and other 

*P^ described. The collection forms part of the Seebohm Bequest to 

^Bdtiah Museum. 

CampbeU (W. McOran.). 

3 yoQi^ Iceland Falcons. Presented. [1901. 9. 4, 1 ; 1903. 4. 9, 

1-2.] 



326 Zoology. 

Canada, Qovemment of. 

27 specimeDs from Canada. [90. 3. 13, 1-27.] 
These were some of the birds exhibited in the Imperial Inititote bg 
the Canadian Government 

Carruthers (D.). 

5 birds from Canada and a Goldfinch from Malta. Fresentei [1905 
9. 23, 1-5.1 

88 birds from the Syrian Desert, including the type of EnMm 
citriniventris, Sclater. Purchased. [1905. 10. 11, 1-88.J 

Carter (Tom). 

9 birds, including 4 species new to the Museum, from Western AufltnUa 

Presented. [1900. 5. 3, 1-8 ; 1901. 1. 24, 1.] 

630 eggs of Australian birds. Purchased. [1903. 11. 4, 1-613.] 
Mr. Carter is the discoverer of several new species in Western AustnHi 

(Eremiomis cctrteri, Thakusogeron oarteri, etc.). 

Cassels {CapL Kennett). 

A Tragopan (Ceriomis Uythi) from Manipur. Presented. [iDOt 
4. 22, 1.] 

Cavendish (H. S. H.). 

53 specimens from Mozambique. Presented. [98. 11. 18, 1-oS.] 
On tnis expedition Mr. Cavendish was accompanied by Mr. E. Dodioo 

as his assistant. A new species of Weaver Finch {EvirUda oaveniult) 

was discovered, and a Swallow (Psalidoprocne perdvaK) was new to the 

collection; cf. Sharpe, Ibis, 1900, pp. 109-115. 

Mr. Cavendish's exploration of the Lake Rudolf region is described 

in the Geographical Journal, xi.. No. 4, pp. 372-396 (1898). 

Cavendisli Taylor (E.). 
6'ec Taylor. 

Cazalet {Bev, A.). 

2 Finches from Russia. Presented. [1905. 6. 23, 1-2.] 

2 specimens of the Hose-coloured Pastor and Gh>uldian Fln^ 

Presented. [1905. 7. 7, 1-2.] 

2 Weaver Finches. Presented. [1905. 9. 14, 1-2.] 

Challenger^ Voyage of H.M.S. 

1172 specimens of birds, skeletons and egp?. Presented by the Lordi 
of the Treasury. [80. 11. 18, 1-795 ; 80. 12. 3, 1-226; 81. 4. 16,4-«i 
82. 6. 23, 1 ; 84. 2. 29, 1-31 ; 90. 5. 5, 1-18 ; 90. 11. 3, 1-21 ; 98. 7. 1, 

The results of this celebrated voyage have been recorded in w^ 
volumes of the ** Challenger Kxpedition." Vol. iL deals with tw 
ornithological collections, which were placed in the hands of Dr. ScW* 
for description. 31 species of birds were added to the British Muaeofli 
including the types of 12 new si)ecies. , 

Cf. Tweeddate, "Rep. Sci. Results Voy. ChaUenger," ii., ZooL, Kiw 
pp. 5-25, pis. i.-vi. (1880). Philippine Islands. 

Sclater, torn, cit., pp. 25-34, pis. viL-xi. Admiralty Islands. 

Finsch, torn, cit, pp. 34-58, pis. xii.-xvii., Tongatabu, the Kji U*"**^ 
Api (New Hebrides), and Tahiti. 



Birds. 327 

torn, dt.^ pp. 58-83, pis. xviiL-xx. Temate, Amboyna, 

7 Islands and the Aru Islands. 

'. AX torn, cU.f pp. 84-93, Cape York, Australia, and the 

slanos (Raine, Wednesday, and Booby Islands). 

%, e»t, pp. 93-99, pis. xxi. and xxii.. Sandwich Islands. 

. SalTin, torn, cit.^ pp. 99-109, Antarctic America. 

I. eit^ pp. 110-117, pis. zxiii. and xxiv., Atlantic Islands 

d Island, and on tne miscellaneous collections obtained 

'age. 

. Salyin, torn. ciL, pp. 117-132, pis. xxv.-xxx., Steganopodes 

collected during the Expedition. 

(om. ol., pp. 1^-140. Laridm collected during the Expe- 

n. cit.f pp. 140-149. Procdlariidm collected during the 

Appendix. 

list of birds' eggs obtained during the Challenger Expedition, 

50-152. 

H., " Note on the gizzard and other organs of Carpophaga 

eU., pp. 152-154. 

L, " Report on the anatomy of the Spheniscidm collected 

•jrage of H.M.8. Challenger,^ op. cit., vii., pp. 1-244, pis. 

dn (Neville). 

fUB from the Bahama Islands. Presented. [96. 8. 19, 1-45.] 

the Right Hon. Joseph Chamberlain, and an enthusiastic 

logy. The collection presented by Mr. Neville Chamberlain 

alue to the Museum, which had but a poor collection from 

ilands. 

lin (Walter). 

tn of Rkipidura preissi from King Greorge's Sound, W. 

r to the collection. Presented. [91. 11. 9. 1.] 

T Chamberliun is a younger brother of the Right Hon. 

)erlain. He has collected in the Fiji Islands and Australia. 

(Oapi.). 

lens from Port Essington, N. Australia. [42. 1. 13, 1-120 ; 

m Port Essington. At that time this collection must have 
interest, but of the new species not one appears to have been 
r. Gt>uld after the explorer who had taken the trouble to 

(Abel). 

of Symium cUuco, from Northumberland. Presented. 

I.] 

n of the Common Eider Buck (Somateria moUimma) from 

Presented. [1905.4.13,1.] 

Chapman is a very well-known field-naturalist, and is 

his mscovery of the nesting of the Flamingo in Southern 
» 1884, pi. i-iv., pp. 66-99). Cf. also his works, " WUd 

Wild Norway.'' 



328 Zoology. 

Charlton {Major). 

27 birds from the Malay Peninsula. Presented. [46. 3. 4» 10-36.] 
This collection was described by T. C. Eyton (Ann. and Ifag. liiL 
Hist., xvi., pp. 227-230). The genus PhUenUma was instituted, lal 
16 species were describid as new, among them Arhoricola chaiUuid^ i 
fine species of Hill Partridge, since also found in N.W. Borneo. 

Chaves {Major). 

See PoNTA Delgada Museum (Azobes). 
Cheetham (G. H.). 

9 specimens from Stomoway. Presented. [1900. 1. 16, 1-9.J 

Mr. Cheetham accompanied Mr. R. M. Hawker on his expeditioM to 
the Sudan (c/. '• Ibis," 1902, pp. 393-470). 

The two friends were in the habit of shooting together in Scotknd, 
and during an excursion to the Hebrides in 1900 they sent to the Mmenm 
a few birds from Stomoway. 

Chevalier (C). 

14 birds from Aden. Presented. [86. 11. 20, 11-19; 89. 3. 2, 
175-179.] 

Mr. Chevalier was for a long time the superintendent of the Etitero 
Telegraph Company at Aden, and devoted much of his time to the studf 
of natural history. He was one of the first EDglishmen to send home 
specimens from South Arabia. 

Chill (W. N.). 

One of Mr. Hume's collectors in the Delhi district. He made large 
collections of birds and eggs. 

Cholmley (A. J.). 

3 specimens from the neighbourhood of Suakin. Presented. [97. 10* 
15, 1-3.1 

Mr. Cholmley made an interesting collection in Suakin, and presented 
to the Museum the type of Ammtdperdix chdmleyi, Grant (Hiodb. 
Game-birds, vol. ii., p. 293), and an example of Saxieola xanthopn/mOt 
new to the Museum. An account of his expedition has been publiBhed 
by Mr. Chohnley in the " Ibis" for 1897 (pp. 196-209). 

Christian (J.). 

10 birds from the Pelew Islands. Purchased. [99. 5. 18, 1-10.] 

Christiania Museum {Prof. Robert Collett, JXreekr). 

103 birds from Norway. Presented and exchanged. [84. 11. If 
1-43; 86. 3. 19, 1-9; 86. 11. 19, 8-22; 88. 12. 7, 1-17; 89. 1. 16,1-8; 
92.5.6,1-11.] 

33 birds from Hawaii collected by V. Knudsen. [90. 10. 3, 1-W; 
95. 10. 16, 1-14.] 

For many years Professor Collett has been a staunch friend of the 
British Museum, and he has always procured and presented any spediDSDi 
required for the work of the "Catalogue of Birds." The collection « 
Euudseu's duplicates from Hawaii was a very valuable addition to oor 
series, and contained eight species new to the Museum. 

Christy {Dr. Cuthbert). 

27 birds and eggs from Upper Nigeria. Presented. [99. a 8,1-28 
99.9.7,1-4.] 



Birds. 329 

birdB md eggs from Uganda. Presented. [1903. 5. 11, 1-64.] 
bWbi from Chagwe, W. Uganda. Presented. [1906. 1. 21, 1-75.] 
Christy has found time occasionally to procure a few birds for the 
B dnring his travels. He has described his collections from 
lingo in the " Ibis " for 1897 (pp. 317-343). 

b(C.). 

See Bbtholds, H. 

Chubb has been associated nvith my work in the British Museum 
ptst twenty-two years, in fact ever since the Natural History 
us were transferred from Bloomsbury to Kensington. By incessant 
uide the Museum and by devoting all his private time to the 
f birdsy he has acquired a knowledge of the class Aves which has 
the greatest assistance to myself and ornithologists visiting the 
1, while his knowledge of ornithological literature is probably 
ed. He has been of the greatest help to me in the preparation 
Kmcludiug volumes of the ** Catalogue of Birds,*' and has assisted 
erially for several years in the compilation of the *' Zoological 
' Mr. Chubb prepared the " List of the Birds of Uganda " for Sir 
Johnston's great work on that country. He has also written a 
I and Index to the contents of the eleven volumes of " Stray 

MU (W. A.). 

pecimens from Mozambique. Presented. [97. 2. 26, 1-31.] 

) (Edwabd). 

specimens from Mashonaland. Purchased. [1900. 2. 12, 1-104.] 

9 {Major R. Stephenson). 

irds from Bloemfontein. Presented. [1903. 3. 8, 1-11.] 

le donations formed part of a very interesting collection made by 

Stephenson Clarke during the last Boer war. A new Weaver 

18 been named after him by Capt. Shelley, Spormginthus darkei 

I.RO. C, xiv., p. 75). 

i6n(M.). 

noecimens from Brazil Presented. [44.3.7, 12-19; 44. 11. 7,1-222.] 
Clanasen is mentioned in the History of the Collections (Greology, 
as having explored in Minas Geraes. He gave the Museum 
iteresting birds, which were for many years almost the only 
a birds it possessed. 

(H.K.). 

lirds from Arizona and other parts of North America. Presented. 
24,1-60.] 

active American naturalist, from whom the Museum received 
interesting species. Many of his skins are in the Sclater Collection. 

>Id {Major R. P.). 

birds from Abyssinia collected by Mr. Zaphiro. [1903. 12. 18, 
5.] 

m(P.). 

Ndmens from Northern Iceland. Presented. [1902. 6. 13, 1-7.] 
Gobom made a most successful visit to Iceland a few years ag^o. 



330 Zoology. 

He has described his trip in the I»ge8 of the '' Zoologist " (190U 
pp. 401-419), and a note on his collection is published in the "BoMi* 
of the British Ornithologists' Club (xiL, pp. 14, 15). He found the 
American Wigeon {Mareca americana) breeding in Iceland, and I iln 
described the Iceland Redwing, of which Mr. Gobom brought (km 
specimens all precisely alike, as Turdus cobumu 

Cochrane (J. H.). 

A companion of Canon Tristram during the latter's visit to FalestiDBi 

Cockbum (J.). 

One of Mr. Hume's collectors, who did good work in Assam. 
Cockbum (Mtsa). 

A correspondent of Mr. Hume, to whom this lady sent naiy 
interesting birds and eggs from the Nilghiri Hills. 

Cockerell (J. T.). 

13 birds from the Solomon Islands and New Guinea. Puxcbiiei 
[84. 1. 19, 1-13.] 

The Cockerells were well-known Australian collectors^ and mi^ 
beautiful skius of birds. The elder was a correspondent of John GknilAt 
and he made a fine collection of Australian birds, the bulk of the spedmaii 
being from Queensland. His collection was sent for sale to England nd 
was sold by Mr. Higgins to Dr. F. D. Godraao, who presented the whok 
of it to the British Museum in 1881. Many birds from the Gape Toik 
Peninsula, collected by Messrs. Cockerell and Thorpe, were also sold in 
this country from time to time. 

J. T. Cockerell, jun., collected in the Solomon Islands, and out of the 
thirteen specimens acquired in 1884, seven were new to the Nationil 
Collection, including the type of Mt/iagraferrocyanea. 

Cohen (J.). 

See Gebrard, E. 
Mr. Cohen collected in the Pelew Islands, and nearly every spedma 
purchased from Mr. Gcrrard represented a species new to the Museum. 

Collett {Prof. Robert). 

See CuRisTiANiA Museum. 

Collinson (Admiral Sir Richabd). 

88 birds from the Arctic Seas.' Presented. [56. 7. 11, 1-88.] 
20 eggs of birds from Cambridge Bay. Presented. [91. 3. 13, 1-20.1 
This collection, made during the voyage of H.M.S. Enterprim, eoo- 
tained specimens of the Arctic Peregrine {Fc£x> peaUi) and oUier intenitii^ 
birds. No account of it was ever prepared. Cant. Collinson, as he then 
was, was also attached to the Voyage of the Sulpkur. 
Cf. Diet. Nat. Biogr. xi., p. 383. 

Coltart (Dr.). 

7 birds from the inner hill-ranges of Assam. Purchased. [1^* 
7. 24, 1-7.] 

Con3rngliam {Mrs.). 

56 specimens of British birds, mostly from Torquay. Freien**^ 
[81. 8. 5, 1-56.] 

These birds were beautifully mounted, and were useful in supp*" 
menting our series in the public galleries. 



Birds. 331 

Ctmrad {Oapt.y 

See Sharps, R. Bowdleb. 
Gkpt Conrad's collection from Siam and other parts of the Malay 
iidupdago and the China Seas was described by Dr. Otto Finbch. 
Hm collection was offered for sale, and I bought it during a visit to 
Gomany and presented it to the Museum. 

Comrie {Sturgeon), B.N. 
27 €gg8 from Ascension Island. Presented. [82. 6. 18, 1-27.] 
Dr. G^nrie was a naval surgeon who took great interest ia natura 

birtory, and was the discoverer of the splendid Manucode from Huon Gulf 

Duned after him Manucodia comrUi (cf. Sdatcr, P.Z.S., 1876, p. 459 

pLilii). 

Conway {Sir Martin). 

23 birds from Lake Titicaca and other localities in the Andes. Pre- 
mted. [99.10.4,1-23.] 

Cookflon {Commander W. E.). 

13 specimens from the Gralapagos Archipelago (Charles and Albemarle 
Undfl). Presented. [76.7.21,1-13.] 

Wlifl& in command of H.M.S. Petord Commander Ckx>k8on was directed 
to proceed to the Galapagos by Admiral the Hon. A. A. Cochrane, and the 
nnlts of his fortnight's stay in the Archipelago were published by 
Dr. Qfinther in the ** Proceedings of the Zoological Society" for 1877 
(pp. 64^). 

Cooper {Sir Daniel). 
96 birds from Australia. Presented. [56. 3. 14, 1-96.] 

Coppinger {Dr. R. W.). 

91 skins and skeletons of birds from the Straits of Magellan and 
Weiten Patagonia, obtained during the voyage of H.M.S. Alert. Presented 
liy the Lords of the Admiralty. [80. 8. 3, 1-79 ; 83. 10. 25, 1-12.] 

176 specimens from various localities, Tongatabu, Torres Straits, 
fflotioeo and Aldabra Islands, etc. Presented by the Lords of the 
Admiralty. [81. 9. 26, 1-19 ; 82. 2. 18, 1-157.] 

The first collection was described by me in 1881 (c/. P.Z.S., 1881, 
pp. 6-18). The account of the other collections is embodied in the volume 
OD the voyage of H.M.S. Alert, published by the Trustees of the British 
MowmL A new species of Turtle Dove {Turtur coppingeri) was 
diioofered l^ him in Ulorioso Island. 

Dr. Coppinger was an excellent collector, and gained his first experience 
^ Gok^ Feilden in the Alert during Sir GtK)rge Nares' expedition to 
tltt Arctic regions in 1875-76. 

Cf. Coppinger, "Cruise of the AleH,*' 1883. 

Cottte (W.). 

23 specimens from the island of Nevis, W. Indies. Presented. 
[39. 5. 30, 1-10 ; 40. 5. 13, 1-10 ; 41. 6, 995-997.] 

I have never discovered who Mr. Cottle was, but his small collection 
ifcitill the only one which has reached the Museum from Nevis. 

Coues {Prof. Elliot). 

One of the greatest of American ornithologists and a first-rate field- 
^{uralist. Mwiy specimens obtained by him are in the Henshaw 
"" tion. 

See aUo Boundaby Comiiissiok, North Amebioan. 



332 Zoology. 

Cowan {Bev, W. Deans). 

See HiQGiKS, W. : Harting, J. E. 
529 skins and skeletons of birds and eggs from Uie province of Betnk 
in Madagascar. Purchased. [82. 2. 27, 1-140; 82. 2. 28, 1-53; 82.3.- 
1-173.] 

183 eggs from Madagascar. Presented. [85. 1. 25, 1-183.] 
The Key. Deans Cowan was a missionary in Madagascar befixe tt 
French occupation, and was a most energetic naturalist. His ezplontiai 
in the Ankafana Forests were most noteworthy, and besides manyrK 
species he discovered a new species of Sand-Martin which 1 named CfH 
cotoani (cf. his ** Notes on the Natural History of Madagascar,* P. Fhj 
Soc Edinb., vii., pp. 133-150, 1883). 

Cox (Capi.). 

125 birds from the vicinity of Muscat Presented. [1905. 12. 3 
1-125.] 

Craddock (W. H.) and Thompson (H. N.). 

420 birds and eggs from the southern Shan States. Purchne 
[1903. 12. 24, 1-420.] 

Crawford and Balcarres {Earl of), KT. 

35 specimens obtained during the cruise of the yacht Venus, Preaenb 
[86. 2. 1, 1-35.] 

The collection was described by Mr. Howard Saunders (P. Z. Si 18^ 
pp. 161-165). 

732 specimens collected during the cruise of the yacht FUftofi 
[1903. 12. 30, 1-260; 1904, 8. 5, 1-36; 1904. 8. 17, 1-437.] 

These collections were formed for the Earl of Crawford by Mr. IL 
Nicoll during the voyage of the R.Y.S. ValhaUd, and several intereiti] 
species were obtained, the most notable being old and young lards 
the Pitcairn Keed Warbler (AcrocephcUus vaughani^ l^iarpe) (ef. Bu 
B.O.C., xi., p. ii.), and the types of Dendrceoa crawfordi and Vino Urn 
(cf. Nicoll, "Ibis,'' 1904, pp. 32-67, pi. i., pp. 555-691, pL xi.). 

Crawshay {Oapi. Richabd). 

8 specimens from Lake Nyasa. Presented. [98. 6. 8, 1-8.] 

18 specimens from British East Africa. Presented. [99. 2. 5, 1-i 
1900. 9. 4, 1-10.] 

Mr. Crawshay has discovered some fine new species of Mammalf 
Nyasaland (see Ke()ort on Mammalia, p. 24), and is a well-known cDftoip 
logist. He has also sent to the Museum some interesting birds, indodi 
a new Francolin (Francolinus crawshayi, Grant). 

Crewdson (Wilson). 

19 specimens from California. Presented. [88. 2. 26, 1-19.] 

Oripps (J. N.). 

An energetic collector in Upper Assam, who sent many specimens 
birds and eggs to Mr. Hume (cf. " Stray Feathers," xi., pp. 1-363). 

Cross (W.). 

49 birds from Colorado. Received in exchange. [1906. 1. 26, 250-2^ 



Birds. 333 

Orowfbot (Dr.). 

8 birds and 24 eggs from Norfolk Island. Presented. [85. 1. 7 
1-8; 87. 7. 9, 1-24.] 

Dr. &owfoot, of Becclea in Suffolk, is a first-rate oologist, and the 
101 of some Yaluable species were included in the above donatioD. 

Ohoiriey (Philip). 

S2 eggs of British Inrds. Presented. [84.10.3,1-92.] 

14,857 eggs. The Crowley Bequest [1901. 2. 25, 1-74 (Accipitres) ; 
MM. 7. 6, 1-608 (Charadrii/armes, etc.) ; 1901. 8. 12, 1-73 {Herodiones) ; 
mia 16, 1-408 iStriffe9, etc.) ; 1901. 10. 28, 1-71 ; 1901, 11. 1, 1-713 
{BttUa, QalHfarme9); 1901. 11. 15, 1-815 (Pelecaniformes, Ansen- 
fmm); 1901. 11. 20, 1-690 (Columhi/ormes, Balliformes) ; 1901. 11. 30, 
1-626; 1901. 12. 5, 1-838; 1901. 12. 11, 1-260; 1901. 12. 15, 1-1000 
{hmiformes, Ficarim) ; 1902. 1. 10, 1-1008 (eggs of Cuckoos with 
thuB of foster-parents); 1902. 2. 5, 1-287 (Xort/ormw) ; 1902.2.15,1-10 
(ikiiii of birds); 1902. 2. 20, 1-229 (Pdecaniformes, SphmUctformes) \ 
1902.2. 23, 1-120 {AleifarmeB)\ 1902. 2. 24, 1-1002 {RaUiformes, 
hmnformes) ; 1902. 3. 1, 1-828 (Ploceidm, FringtUidm, Ihnagridm) ; 
1S(BL3. 10, 1-417 (CharadHi/ormes); 1902. 3. 20, 1-1014 ; 1902. 3. 25, 
1-»1; 1902. 4. 5, 1002; 1902. 4. 10, 1-1028; 1902. 4. 28, 1-87 CPaa- 
miftnm).'] 

Tbe cdebrated Crowley Collection, bequeathed by its owner, is one 
cf tin most valuable donations ever made to the Museum. It enriched 
tl» agg-ooUection in an extraordinary degree, as is evidenced by the 
"Catalogue of Birds* Eggs.** The series of specimens from Australia, 
ibnce the Museum hiui but few examples, was extremely fine, and 
Ml of the treasures was an egg of the Great Auk (Plautus tmpennis), 
fcnneriy in Canon Tristram's collection, the whole of which had been 
MfDhsd by Mr. Crowley, and of which the major part has now passed 
■to the cabinets of the Museum. By Mr. Crowley's will the Trustees 
m permitted to select four clutches of eggs from any locality not 
pnmaly represented in the Museum, and any eggs of historical interest, 
usdaidimtes were afterwards sold at Stevens* on April 17, May 15, 
iiidJime5,1902. 

One of the moet interesting features of the Crowley Bequest was the 
nmukahle series of Cuckoo*s eggs with those of the foster-parents. 

Ouning (Hugh). 

47 eggs from North America. Presented. [41. 6. 11, 16-57.] 

234 specimens from Malacca and the Philippine Islands, collected by 
Ooimng himself. Purchased. [42.2.15,1-234.] 

hi this collection are several specimens which became types in after 
7Mn,8achas Bcusa magnirastriSf Bubo phil%ppinens%8^ LorictUus mdanO' 
l"*"*!, Gniy, and L. harHavbi^ Frisch ( = i. apicoLis^ Souan^e ; cf. Salvad. 
Ott.B.,xx.,p.528). 

35 specimens from Chili. Purchased. [44. 1. 8, 12-18 ; 44. 10. 7, 
1-28.] 

Collected by ''Renous** [whoever he was!]. The collection was at 
^Mcribed to Bridges. 

85 birds from Honduras, collected by Dyson. (See postea^ p. 343.) 
[45. 3. 15, 16-25 ; 45. 5. 3, 1-29 ; 45. 5. 21, 43-52 ; 45. 8. 5, 33-37.] 

22 ipecimens from Borneo. [46. 1. 16, 8-29.] 

^0 ^edmens from Jamaica, being part of P. H. Gossc's collection. 



334 Zoology. 

[46. 10. 26, 1-10, type of Hirundo pcecilonuh Gosse (= Petrochelida 
fulva (Vieill.) ; cf. Sharpe, Cat x., p. 155).] 

17 birds from Caracas, Venezuela, collected by Auguste Salle. [47 
7. 16, 1-17.] 

30 specimens from Nicaragua, collected by Sall^- [48. 11. 1, \-% 
27-34.] 

64 specimens from San Domingo, collected by SalI6. [50. 11. 1^ 
17-52; 51. 11.14,1-28.1 

140 skins from Ceylon, collected by Thwaites. [52. 2. o, C-43; 
53. 5. 3, 1-34 ; 53. 10. 29, 1-20 ; 54. 1. 13, 1-48.] 

39 specimens from the Philippine Islands. [53. 5. 4, 1-19 ; 54. 5. S^ 
1-20.] 

17 birds from California, collected by Bridges. [58. 3. 1, 1-9 ; 58. 
25, 1-8.] 

19 birds from the Pacific Islands and other localities. [58. 5. % 
1-19.] 

22 birds from New Caledonia, collected by John Macgillimj. 
[59. 4. 19, 1-22.] Type of Phienorhina goliath. Gray. 

Cumming (Walter D.). 

634 birds, nests and eggs from Fao in the Persian Gulf. PresenteiL 
[85. 3. 7, 1-189 ; 85. 7. 15, 1-9 ; 88. 12. 6, 1-95 ; 90. 11. 1, 1-216: 
1903. 2. 17, 1-25.] 

64 specimens of birds, nests and eggs from Fao. Purchased. [9S. 
11. 15, 1-04.] 

5 birds from the Mekran Coast. Presented. [1904. 11. 27, 1-5.] 

These very valuable collections, from a locality whence the Museum 
had never received any specimens, were described by me in the" Ibis ' 
for 1886 (pp. 475-493), and 1891 (pp. 103-116), when the neit 
and eggs of Hypocolius amjoelinus were made known for the first time. 
Mr. "Whitaker has recently described a new species of Chat from 
Mr. Cumming*s collection, as Saxicola cummingi (Bull. B. 0. &• x« 
p. xvii., 1900 ; figured, Ibis, 1902, pp. 58, 59, pi. iii.). His last dooatioo 
included specimens of the Ked-throated Diver (fiolymbtu teptriowiii 
and Merganser serrator), recorded from S. Persia for the first time. 

Mr. Cumming entered the Persian Gulf Telegraph Service in Augort 
1876, and was stationed at Fao in 1883, 1886, 1890-1894, aud 1896. no 
proved to be a p;ood collecting ground, being situated at the north end of 
the Persian Gulf, on the right bank of the Biver Shat-al-arab, and aboot 
fourteen miles from its mouth. It belongs to Turkey, the river forming 
the boundary between Persian and Turkish territory. 

Cnningliame (R. J.) 

A Saddle-billed Jabiru from Fashoda., [1902. 11. 20, 1.] 
Cunninghame (J. F.). 

54 birds from Western Uganda. Presented. [ 1904. 6. 2 7, 1-9 ; 190*. 
7. 17, 1-45.] 

Cutter (W.). 

32 birds from South America. Purchased. [69. 8. 16, 1-32.] 

57 birds from Madagascar. Purchased. [70. 5. 20, 1-31 ; 72. 10. 12, 

1-7; 75.2.1,5.23.] 

7 birds from the Zambesi district. Purchased. [76. 7. 5, 1-7.] 
Mr. Cutter was a well-known natural history agent in Great Bus«U 

Street, and had a shop at the opposite comer to Mr. John Gould's hoiwe 



Birds. 335 

larlotte Street, where the business is still carried on by the family. 
«a Alfred Everett's first agent, and it was from Mr. Cutter that Mr. 
d lecttved the original type-specimen of Pitta arcucUa, one of the 
tof Everett's discoveries. I also knew him as Crossley's agent, and 
Kiibed many fine things from Crossley's Madagascar collections, the 
B of which are in my collection now in the British Museum. After 
A entered the Museum, I was no longer allowed to keep a private 
dkm of birds, and Cronley's later consignments were purchased by 
Museum direct from Mr. Cutter. Thus in 1875 wo acquired the types 
Mtriofdiu tuiur, Atelomis crosslevi, Neodrepanis corusoans, Oxylabes 
(ftop^ryt, and Bemieria zosterops [75. 2. 1, 5*23], all most interesting 
«, which were described by me (P.Z.S., 1875, pp. 70-78, pis. xiii., 

Tbe lirds from the Zambesi must, I think, have been collected by 
Bndshaw. They were beautiful skins, and two species were described 
me as new, Finarornis plumosus (fig.. Cat. B., vii., pi. ix.) and 
ieola fkelleyi (cf. Sharpens edition of Layard, pp. 230, 246. Figured 
Ones' " Matobele liand,'* App., pL A.). The latter bird is really a 
mMoUtOj and was named by me in honour of my friend. Sir Edward 
%, an old Zambesi explorer, who reached Lake Nyasa but a short 
e tfter its discovery by Livingstone and Kirk. Sir Edward was one 
he pdl-bearers at Livingstone's funeraL 

Jgleiflh (6.). 

6 eggs of the Kentii^h Plover from the Channel Islands. Presented. 

018.2,1-3; 1904.3.3,1-3.] 

nckwerts (W. C). 

A qiedmen of the Grey Lag Goose (Anser anser) from Sutherland. 

05.5.22,1.] 

afbrd (C. G.). 

2 Nntcrackers, with nest and eggs, from the Carpathian Mountains. 
«Dted. [190L 4. 14, 1-8.] 

Mr. Dinford, with Mr. J. A. Harvie-Brown, wrote a list of the birds of 
osylfania, mainly based on their own observations (Ibis, 1875, pp. 
)-199, 291-313, 412-431). In 1877 he described the birds collected 
ing his travels in Asia Minor (Ibis, 1877, pp. 261-274; 1878, pp. 
15), and again in 1880 (Ibis, 1880, pp. 81-99). 

Most of the specimens obtained during this last expedition were given 
Mr. Danford to various private collections, and thus many have come 
the Museum with the Seebohm Bequest The ty ()e of a new species of 
■er Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocoptts danfordi) also came with the 
rgitt collection. Mr. Danford has presented the nest in situ, with the 
;iiDd parent-birds of the Nutcracker {Nucifraga caryocatactes), {torn 
uuylTinia, and this is one of the most interesting of our bird -groups. 

Udelfl {Major Cooke). 

3 skins and 14 specimens in spirit, from S.E. New Guinea, Presented. 
)05. 9. 18, 1-17.] 

Udels {Mi88 E.). 

13 birds from British Guiana. Presented. [1905. 5. 20, 1-13.] 

Mling (J.). 

Was one of Mr. Hume's collectors. 



336 Zoology. 

Darling (J. ffolliot). 

66 birds and eggs from Rhodesia. Exchanged. [1902. 2. 1, 1-lB; 
1902. 3. 14, 1-48.] 

An interesting collection, the chief treasure beine a spedmen of 
Relchenow*8 Pitta {Pitta longipennis, Reichenow\ found for the first timt 
in the South African Sub-region (cf, Sharpe, Bull. B. 0. 0. zii., p. 49 ,1902^ 

Darmstadt Museum. 

3 specimeDS received in exchange. [77. 4. 21, 21-23.] 

A new Polyplectron (P. Khleiermachert) from S. £. Borneo^ Cenrn 

annectens from Celebes, and Oriolus formosu9 from Sangi Islandi, wt 

added to the collection. 

Darwin (Chables), F.B.S, 

A specimen of Upucerthia dumetorta from Goquimbo. FkMentii 
[39. 8. 4, 1.] 

20 birds from South America. Presented. [56. 3. 15, l-2a] [OoB- 
tained the type of Pyrocephalus fxtrvirostris, Gould, ZooL Yoy. Aaf/k, 
iii, p. 44.] 

26 birds from Persia. Presented. [56. 12. 16, 1-26.] 
60 Domestic Pigeons and 6 Ducks. Presented. [67. 12. 9, l-Sd] 
The collections made by Darwin during the voyage of the Beagh piM 
into the Museum of the Zoological Society, and were afterwards acqund 
by the British Museum. Unfortunately, a few of the types had eite 
perished or were overlooked by Mr. G. R. Grav, when he made hii 
selection, since they are not now in the National Collection. FnHn irhm 
Mr. Darwin received his small series of Persian birds, I neyer knew. The 
Pigeons and Ducks had served him in his works on Natural Selection. 
{Of. Diet. Nat. Biogr., xiv., pp. 72-84.) 

Davidson (J.). 

18 birds, mostly from Aden, collected by Lieut. Barnes. [97. IL 29, 
1-18.] 

A specimen of Beniiza coronata from Sind. Presented. [1905. 2. 7, t] 

Mr. Davidson is the author (in company with Mr. Wenden) of a ftfjr 
important paper on the Avifauna of the lieccan (Stray Feathers, vii, ppi 
68-95) ; " Rough List of the Birds of Western Eandesh " (Stimy Fettlun^ 
X., pp. 279-327), and his collections are now in the Museum, having beo 
presented by Mr. Allan Hume, with the rest of the Hume oolketka. 
When the late Lieut. Barnes wrote a paper on the Birds of Adao 
(Ibis, 1893, pp. 57-84, 166-181), I was particularly anxious to exunine 
some of his specimens, but they were, unfortunately, in India at the time; 

Mr. Davidson afterwards acquired the collections of birds and eggi 
belonging to Lieut. Barnes, and he very kindly presented to the MuMum 
the specimens which I desired. Another interesting species praeated 
by Mr. Davidson was a specimen of Erythropus amureinU from Euanu 
[1897. 12. 4, 1.] 

Davies {Commander Daybell), B,N. 

8 birds from Shanghai, 1 from Ascencion Island, and 3 from FintfDt* 
Presented. [87. 7. 30, 1-12.] 

Davies {Capt H. R.). 

8 birds from the Shan States. Presented. [99. 8. 20, 1-a] 



Birds. 337 

Dtvia and Boper (Mesan.). 

69 birds from the Makalaka country collected by the late Dr. Brad- 
Aaw(9.v.). Poichased. [80.1.30,1-69.] 

SkvIboxi (Wiluam Ruzton). 

170 biidfl from the Nilghiri Hills. Presented. [82. 6. 8, 1-35 ; 
88. & 1, 1-40; 84. 7.»28, l-QO.]" 

14 birds from Travancore. Presented. [85. 7. 30, 1-14.] 
11 birds frcHn Pahang. Presented. [92. 9. 1, l-ll.] 
Dsnaon was one of the best collectors that the world has ever seen. 
Hi ¥18 indefatigable as a worker in the jungle, but it was next to 
inpowUe to get him to write anything about his experiences, although, 
sioonTersatian, his stories of the habits of birds were always interesting. 
lb, Hume has told me that even when Davison returned to Simla after 
Ml of his expeditions, it was difficult to get him to write anything down, 
« be iru always wanting to be out of doors collecting among the hills. 

Hfl WIS entrusted with the conduct of expeditions by Mr. Hume for 
■0^ Tears, and his wonderful explorations in Burma, Tenasserim, and 
tb Alky Peninsula are described in * Stray Feathers,' the most important 
nmoir being the account, by Mr. Hume and himself, of the birds of 
IbMMrim (Stray Feathers, vi, pp. 1-524). 

When Mr. Hume gave up his ornithological work, Davison visited 
b^apd and afterward settled down for a time at Ootacamund in the 
Hilgiuris, whence he sent some interesting birds to the British Museum. 
Bivif afterwards appointed to the Museum at Singapore, and made one 
■on expedition into Pahang. The death of his wife and the hardships 
ke bid undergone in his younger days proved too much even for this 
AaoouB man, and he died in January 1893 (c/. Ibis, 1893, pp. 478- 



) collections which he made for Mr. Hume's Museum were always 
leudfolly prepared, and he discovered many new species, several of 
*Beh were named after him {Cycmopa daviaani, Spilomia citxvisont, 
^tfwUcuB davisoni, Ixua davisoni, Brctckyurus davisoni, Turdtdus 

\ Liqptila damaoni^ Bemixus davisoni). 



BawKm {Prof. G.). 

SOO snecimens obtained during the Boundary Ck)mmission on the 
Wk Fknllel, five species being new to the collection. Presented by the 
Rnign Office. [76.4.15,1-300.] 

Ptef. Davrson was the naturalist attached to the British Commission, 
^ Dr. Elliot Ck)ues was the American zoologist. The collection wau 
%dflKribed by the latter. 

DiJ (W. S.). 

8» Gbbbabd, E. 

Deaay (Major H. H. P.). 
18 Wids from the Pamirs. Presented. [99. 8. 3, 1-18.] 
361hi^ from Tibet Presented. [1903.10.3,1-36.] 
For ao account of Major Deasy's adventurous journeys to Centra) 

« c/. GeMT. Soc. Joum. xi., pp. 544, 545, 666, 666, 1898; xvi., 

PI^ 501-527. 

Degen (E.). 

67 \ard^ skins and specimens in spirits from South Australia. Pur- 
^^'^ci [99. 8. 14, 1-19; 1900. 10. 7, 1-48.] 

▼01. n. z 



338 Zoology. 

462 specimens from Abyssinia. [1903. 9. 5, 1-312 ; 1903. 10. 2 
1-146.] 

Mr. Degen was a pupil of the late Professor Rtitimeyer at Baael, an 
is an accomplished and skilful preparer of skeletona, in which capacity b 
lias for many years done excellent work for the MoBeum. He is ab 
interested in the moulting and phylogeny of the Glaas AveSy and ht 
written two elaborate memoirs on these subjects. [BulL B.0.0^ toL iL 
Trans. ZooL Soc., xvi., pp. 347-418, pis. xxxvL-xxxviii.] 

His recent expedition to Abyssinia resulted in a most Taloable coUeO' 
tion of fishes, and an interesting series of birds, indudiDg two new tpedoi^ 
Mdandbucco tsanm and Mirafra degeni^ and a vay rare Owl^ Jbk 
abyssinicuB. (Cf. Ogilvie-Qrant, Ibis, 1904, pp. 250-280, pla. v., tL) 

Delamere {Lard). 

61 birds from Somali Land. Presented. Collected by Br. AtkiMon. 
[98. 12. 11, 1-61.] 

970 birds from Equatorial Africa. [1901. 2. 22, 1-970.] 
The last-named collection is one of the most complete ever made « 
an expedition to Equatorial Africa. Lord Delamere took Mr. Loomiid 
Harwood with him as taxidermist, and consequently the skins ynn 
beautifully prepared. At least twelve species were new to the Untmm, 
of which seven were types, 

Delm^Radcliffe {Oohnel C). 

405 birds and 37 skeletons from Uganda, collected during the Anglo- 
German Frontier Commission, including two types of species new to 
science, collected by the late W. Q. Do^gett. Presented. [^904. la 23; 
1-100; 1904. 10. 27, 1-305; 1904. 10. 29, 1-37.] (QT. (^vie-GfruH 
Ibis, 1905, pp. 199-212.) 

Dent (CapL R. E.). 

16 birds from Kronstadt, Orange River Colony. Presented. [1908. 
3. 21, 1-16.] Collected during the last Boer War. 
See also Woosnam, R. B. 

De Oca (Rafael). 
See Gerrabd, E. 
A well-knowTi Mexican collector, who travelled principally in the 
Ftate of Jalapa (c/. Sclater, P.Z.S., 1859, p. 362). 

Derby (Earl of). 

94 birds from various localities. Presented. [37. 5. 13, 1-2; 37.7.8, 
31-53 ; 38. 5. 12, 102; 42. 12. 6, 19-68 ; 46. 9. 1, 1-9, 12-21.] 

The 13th Lord Derby, the founder of the Derby Museum at LiTeipool, 
gave, from time to time, many interesting specimens of birds to the 
British Museum. 

De Vis (C. W.). 

See Queensland Museum. 

De Winton (W. E.) 

10 birds from various locaUties. Presented. [94. 11. 16, 1'^ 
94. 11. 25, 1 ; 1)4. 12. 18, 1-8.] 

1 example of the Common Teal (Nettium crecca) fron Pembiok®' 
shire. Presented. [1901.10.17,1.] 



Birds. 339 

m {Dr.). 

D«ns from the Zambesi. [64. 12. 7, 1-3.] 

I tihe type of Cerehneis dickinsoni. 

(Walter B.). 
I from Florida. Presented. [83. 3. 17, 1-23.] 

}hABLB8). 

IlectioDs made in St Kilda and in Algeria by Mr. Dixon 
I the collection of the British Museum along with the rest of 
tmi coUection. The St. Kilda Wren, Anorthura hirtenna 
ZooL, 1884, pp. 333-335) was discovered by Mr. Dixon. 

LimU. Kennett). 

B from Antipodes, Bounty and Campbell Islands. Presented. 

0.1-11.] 

oall collection was most interestmg, and contained specimens 

fleMuiaeAnm with its nest and eggs (the latter unfortunately 

nnait) ; also a specimen of the nearly extinct Mergus auatrdlis. 

I and 2 eggs of the Wanderin$i: Albatross {Diomedea extdana) 

odes Islands. Presented. [1904.6.16,1-4.] 

"aliaii Orebea (Podicipes novm hoUanduei) from Dauphin Island, 

idea. [1904.12.25,1-2.] 

(RA.) 

le's Gull (Xema sMnei) from Christchurch, Hants. Presented. 

(Walter G.). 
Dxlm^-Radcliffe, Colonel ; Johnston, Sir Harry. 

bope). 

fiwn Sind. Presented. [81. 7. 11, 1-9.] 

rope Doig did valuable ornithological work in Sind, and his 

iiQB and ^gs collected in the Eastern Narra Range are in the 

lection (cf. Stray Feathers, viii., pp. 369-379 ; ix., pp. 277- 

p. 503-612). 

l. H.). 

t and a Ruflf, from South Uist. Presented. [1905. 9. 16, 1-2.] 
(R. P.) 
s from the Congo Free State. Presented. [1905. 4. 8, 1-10.] 
lay (Henry). 

A from Epping. Presented. [41. 1. 18, 1-14 ; 41. 1. 26, 2-9.] 
day is principally known as an entomologist, and was a brother 
brated entomologist, Edward Doubleday, but he was a first-rate 
of the old school. The birds which he gave to the Museum 
»n the best-mounted specimens in the collection, 
ut. Nat. Biog. XV., p. 254. 

Brockman (R. E.). 

U from British East Africa. Presented. [1904. 4. 4, 1-il.] 

)i from East Africa. Presented. [1904. 5, 11, 1-34.] 

I from Berbera. Presented. [1905. 6. 1, 1-9.] 

It from Somali Land. Presented. [1905. 7. 24, 1-7 ; 1905. 12. 19, 



340 Zoology. 

Dresser (H. E.). 

4 birds from Europe and Asia Minor. Presented. [72. 12. 16, 14.1 

A Pelican {Felecanus onocrotcUus) from Dalmatia. Pkoeotn 
[73. 12. 26. 12.] 

46 eggs from Central A sia. In exchange for duplicates from the Utam 
Collection. [1902. 4. 25, 1-46.] 

At the time that I entered the service of the Trustees, Mr. Dtmh 
was engaged with me in writing the *' Birds of Europe." Beins imiUc 
to continue this work and at the same time write the " Cataragoa d 
Birds,** I preferred the latter work, and surrendered the ''Birdi d 
Europe" to my partner. The collection on which this work was fboadfld 
contained many specimens of birds obtained in my younger dayi. Me 
Dresser sold his collection to a gentleman, by whom it was prsMted tt 
the Victoria University, Manchester. The donor is now known to hm 
been Mr. J. T. Thomasson. 

Du Chaillu (Paul B.). 

See Stevens, S. 

This celebrated collector, the rodiscoverer of the Gtorilla, worked in Ui 
early days for the Maison Ycrreanz. Jules Verreaux, who came to Elng^ 
when the German army approached Paris in 1870, was received by Um 
English ornithologists with great sympathy, and lived for loiiifl tkn 
weeks in my house. He told me that Du Chaillu was not only a fii* 
i-ato collector, but an absolutely straightforward man, and that after hi 
first efforts at scientific collecting he was entrusted with money fori 
second expedition into the interior of Gaboon by certain French loologiili 
Du Chaillu's second collection was lost in a shipwreck, and when hi 
afterwards arrived in Paris with another consignment, he made koovi 
his arrival to Jules Verreaux, and announced lus intention of Bonends 
mz the collection ho had brought with him for the benefit of the fimns 
suDscribcrs. The latter, however, were unreasonable, and wanted ti 
prosecute Du Chaillu for the loss of the money contributed towudi 
his second venture, and he therefore sailed away to America; and tfan 
Cassin was able to describe the wonderful novelties which Du Ghaiila hsi 
brought back from Gaboon. He lufter wards went back to the littB 
country under the auspices of the Academy of Natural Scienoei (x 
Philadelphia, and continued his researches [<f. Cassin, Fh)c. Acad. Nat 
Sci. Philad., 1855, p. 439 ; 1856, pp. 156-159 (Moonda riverX 316-^ 
(Cape Lopez) ; 1857, pp. 33-40 (Muni river) ; 1859, pp. 30-55, 133-lH 
172-176, pis. 1 and 2 (Camma and Ogow^ rivers) ]. This waa theitoil 
told me by my old friend, Jules Verreaux. 

Of. Obituary, Geogr. Joum., pp. 680 and 681, 1903. 

The following account of the explorer appeared in the "Duly 
Telegraph " of May 1st, 1903, and, as the best record of Du Ghaillu'k wok, 
is worth preserving : — 

Although the name of Paul Belloni du Chaillu cannot be placed in 
quite the same category as those of Speke, Grant, Gordon CummiDgi 
Burton, Baker, Stanley, or others of the explorers who, during the ptf^ 
sixty years, unrolled to the knowledge of the civilised worid th0 
mysterious wooders of the Dark Continent, yet his work was of ^^ 
importance, and in some respects his investigations were directed ia > 
more scientific direction than those of many t>f the men nienti<med. V* 
du Chaillu was a Frenchman, and was bom in Paris on July 31, 1^ 
His father held an official appointment in the French settlement on the 
Gaboon lUver on the West Coast of Africa, where he also carried en * 



Birds. 341 

concem, and thither the youth went at an early age. His 

T the Jesuits of that colony douhtless tended to create in his 

for exploration, for the members of the famous society have 

noted for the zeal and ability with which they have pursued 

and ethnological research. When ho was about seventeen 

young Du Chaillu entered his father's trading business, and 

» the United States with a cargo of ebony, ft was in New 

) took his initial plunge into literature, a very able series of 

16 Gkiboon country appearing in the New York Tribune from 

he was naturalised as an American citizen, and in the same 
d to West Africa, where he immediately set out upon his 
•mney in the interior. For nearly four years he pressed 
Qgh a country up to that time untrodden by the foot of the 
avvUing on foot or in cano<>s without white companions, and 
:otal Stance of about 8,000 miles. During this protracted 

du Gbaillu shot and preserved thousands of specimens of 
imal life, sixty of which were previously unknown. The 
sry, however, which overshadowed all his other achievements, 
at a Tcry bitter scientific controversy, but finally placed his 
wcure basis, was that of the Grorilla. It is, of course, well 
for many years rumours from native sources had reached the 
xtraordinary species of man-like apes, gifted with superhuman 
trength, and endowed with something like human intelligence ; 
certain specimens of the skin and skull of a great Simian had 
d. But down to the time that Paul du Chaillu returned from 
igB, no European had ever claimed personal acquaintance with 
markable member of the monkey tribe, and it was generally 
: the so-called Gorillas were nothing more than unusually fine 
f the Chimpanzee or Ourang outang, both of which were 
ugh to zoologists, llierefore, when, in 1860, Du Chaillu 
to civilisation from the gloomy forests of West Africa and 
irorld his news that he had himself seen in its native fast- 
lyaterious creature in question, a war of words arose that has 
equalled and never exceeded in the history of science. Du 
ourse, had his opponents and his supporters. On the former 
Dged such men as Dr. Petermann and Dr. Barth, two names 
ith in Germany, and, indeed, in Europe. On the other were 
Murchison and that greatest of modem comparative anato- 
chard Owen. Magazine and newspaper articles, pai^ers before 
Btles, pamphlets followed one another in rapid succession, 
ittacking and defending M. du Chaillu and the statements 
I the book, "Explorations and Adventures in Equatorial 
rhich he had set forth his experiencon. Not only were his 
learches discounted, but his maps and other geographical data 
ned, and the controversy reached a climax one night at the 
k certain scientific body, when a scene of considerable violence 
ireen the explorer and his critics. 
' irritated by the reception which his statements had 

Du Chaillu was not at all discouraged. He went out again 
lea, and, in 1863, he departed on another journey, by which 
cross the continent. He was delayed by the loss of his outfit 
cai (Sizing of a boat, but eventually a start was made. Passing 
od-Yaz river to Obindji he went on to Olenda, in Astivialand, 
cplored much of the surrounding country, later on proceeding 



342 Zoology. 

to the Apono, Ishogo, and AHhango territories, meetiDg < 
curious race of negro dwar£s, of nomadic habits and of a t 
This journey came to an untimely end. At a village over < 
the point of departure one of M. du Ghullu's men had the 
kill a native through the accidental explofdon of a rifle, 
villagers attacked the party, M. du Chaillu and his con 
obliged to flee for their lives, and practically the whole of hi 
scientific collections, note-books, and photographs were a 
lost in the jungle. The expedition effected its retreat onl; 
difficulties, but eventually reached the territory of friei 
safety. This second journey, although a brief one, was v( 
scientific results, and has always been regarded as of m< 
value than the earlier and more protracted explorations of ! 
By the time ho returned to London, in 1865, the Gorilla a 
to a large extent died cut, and the fresh evidence which h 
adduce set the matter defiiiitely at rest. There is little < 
that M. du Chaillu had himself largely to blame for the ad 
enooimtered by his earlier statements. His first book was c 
form rather of a popular work of adventure than of a seri 
account of a series of learned researches. Not content wi 
what he had himself seen, he embellished his narrative wit 
of more or less sensational hearsay, probably derived from i 
Hence matter-of-fact zoological exerts, accustomed, above 
the precise terms and data of scientific exposition, were pron 
as mere " traveller's tales " the stories of a man who, al 
somewhat to exaggeration, had yet a very solid substratum < 
assertions. 1'he matter, however, is now at rest, and no o 
existence of the great monkey. 

After his expedition of 1865, the results of which were 
two further books, M. du Chaillu carried out no more e 
Africa. For some years he lived in America and Englanc 
large number of public lectures, in which he recounted his ex 
much success. In the seventies and eighties he turned hi 
Scandinavia, and visited many of the more remote parts ol 
Sweden, as the result of which he published a very fasi 
entitled, "The Land of the Midnight Sun." During hif 
northern countries he made many researches into their ai 
buildings, and folklore, and his work, *' The Viking Age,' 
1887, dealing with the early history, manners, and cu 
ancestors of the English-speaking nations, is a classic. 

In person, M. du Chaillu was well equipped for the an 
exploration. Although his body was short and thick-set, 
verge of deformity, he was possessed of great muscular str 
enjoyed admirable health. He spoke and wrote English a 
his Uterary style, though florid and diff'use, was vigorous an 
His knowledge of the languages, or dialects, of the many sav 
which he came in contact was considerable, and in coolnei 
and nerve few explorers have ever equalled him. 

Ducie {Earl). 

A hybrid Pheasant (Phasianm colchicus x P. reevesi) fr< 
shire. [1904.2.4,1.] 

Dumas (J. M.). 

94 birds from N. New Gumea. Purchased, [99. 11. c 
4. 10, 1-53.] 



Birds. 343 

A companion of Mr. Alfred £yerett during his travels in the Molucca 
Islands. After Everett's death, Dumas visited several islands in the 
Moluccas, and procured some interesting species. Oeodchla dumasi^ 
Rothschild, from Bum (Bull. B.O.C. viii., p. xxx.), and other new species 
were discovered hy him (cf. Nov. 2iOoL vii., pp. 226-242). 

Dimxi (Surgeon-Captain H. N.). 

2S4 specimens of birds and eggs from the neighbourhood of Khartum 

and the White Nile districts. Presented. [1900. 8. 29, 1-82 ; 1902. 

12. 17, 1-59 ; 1903. 2. 4, 1-48; 1903. 2. 7, 1-46.] 

6 biids from Somali Land. Presented. [1904. 6. 14, 1-6.] 

These collections contain many interesting species, and should be 

carefully examined by anyone writing on the ornithology of the Eastern 

Sudan. 

DnnstaU (G. E.). 

3 birds from British Guiana. Purchased. [1904. 10. 30, 1-3.] 

11 Birds of Paradise from New Guinea. Purchased. [96. 3. 16, 1-11.] 

10 specimens from New South Wales and New Zealand. Purchased. 

[96. 6. 1, 1-10.] 

Dnmford (Henbt). 

9 eggs of birds, collected by the late H. Miiller, from the FlU'oe Isles ; 
and 3 from Wahiey Island. Presented. [75. 1. 5, 1-12.] 

354 specimens from Argentina and the Chuput Valley in Patagonia. 
Purchased. [1885. 11. 20, 1-354.] 

This fine young naturalist, whose career was cut short by an early 
death (</. Ibis, 1878, p. 493), was a nephew of the late Dr. Dumford, 
Bishop of Chichester. He collected in the Faroes and also in the Frisian 
Islands (Ibis, 1874, pp. 391-406). He afterwards settled in South 
America, and his papers on the birds of Buenos Aires were published in 
the ' Ibis • for 1876 (pp. 157-166) and 1877 (pp. 166-203). In the latter 
volume also appeared his account of his expedition to the Chuput Valley 
(Ibis, 1877, pp. 27-46), with a further paper (Ibis, 1878, pp. 389- 
406). Farzana Bpiloptera was described by him and figured in the ' Ibis ' 
for 1877 (pi. iii.), and I have named an Oyster-catcher (ffmmatopus 
dum/ordi) after him (Cat. B. Brit. Mus. xxiv., p. 117, pL vi.). The 
account of his last expedition, to Tucuman and ^ta, was published in 
the * Ibis ' for 1880, pp. 351-364, pis. ix. and x. The collection acquired 
after his death contains all the specimens obtained by Dumford in South 
America. 

Dyer {Sir Thiselton), Director, Boyal Botanic Gardens, Kew 
{q,v.). 

A young White Stork (Ciconia alba). Presented. [1904. 5. 31, 1.] 

Hybrid GK)06e (Chenalopex mgyptiaca x C. magellanica). [1904. 
10. 28, 1.] 

A Semipalmated Goose (Anseranas semipcdmata). Presented. [1904. 
12. 8, 1.] 

A specimen of the White Stork (Ciconia alba). Presented. [1905. 
5. 27, 1.] 

DTSon (David). 

See also Cumino, Hugh. 
38 birds from Honduras. Purchased. [45. 11. 2, 1-38.] 
127 birds from Venezuela. Purchased. [46. 11. 27, 1-18 ; 47. 2. 10, 

1-25 ; 47. 3. 22, 1-35 ; 47. 5. 1, 1-32 ; 47. 10. 18, 15-31.] 



344 Zoology. 

This contains the type of Nothocercus honapartei, Gray, from Aragua 
Valley, Venezuela. 

No list of Mr. Dyson's collections appears to have been published, but 
a species of Bucco was named after him by Dr. Sclater (P.Z.S., 1855, 
p. 193). Some account of his life is published in the Proceedmgs of the 
Manchester Field Club (vol. i., pt. 2, 1900-1901), <f. Britten, Joum. 
Botany, 1905, p. 134. See also the * Naturalist,' 1857, pp. 43, 44. 

Earl (Febct). 

30 birds from New Zealand. Purchased. [45. 1. 13, 1-30.] 

3 nests of New Zealand birds. Presented. [45. 3. 6, 2-4.] 

One of the Weka Rails presented by Mr. Ean was describeJ by G. R. 

Gray in his list of the " Binls of New Zealand " as Ocydromus earli (Ibis, 

1862, p. 238). 

Earle (Edwabd). 

See Stabes, Jonx. 

East India Company (JETon.). 
See India. Museum, London. 

Eaton (Bev. A. E.). 

Mr. Eaton was the naturalist to the Transit of Venus expedition, and 
was stationed in Kerguelen Land. He did excellent work, and his field- 
notes on the habits of the birds are full of interest. The ornithological 
collections made by the expedition are described by me in the Report 
published by the Royal Society (Phil. Trans., voL clxviii., pp. 101-162, 
pis. yi.-yiiL). The eggs were described by Mr. Howard Saunders (t.c, pp. 
163-166). 

The Teal of Kerguelen Island proved to be new to science, and was 
named by me Querquedula eaUmi (''Ibis,'* 1875, p. 328 ; figured PhiL Trans., 
clxviii., pL vi.). It has since been made the type of the genus DaJUula, 

Edinburgh, University of. 

See Robinson, H. C. ; Rota.l SociETy. 

Edwardes (JETon. W.) [Lard Kensington]. 

126 birds from St. Brides', South Wales. [88. 11. 14, 1-14 ; 88. 12, 
13, 1-22; 89. 12. 17, 1-57 ; 91. 4. 28, 1-33.] 

Lord Kensington was endeavouring to procure for the Museum a 
complete series of birds from South Wales. He went with his regiment 
to South. Africa, was severely wounded diuring the Boer War, and subse- 
quently died of enteric fever at Bloemfontein. He also presented the 
nesting groups of the Carrion Grow and the Shag. 

Sfiypty Exploration Fund (through Pro/6MorW.M. Flinders 
Pbtbib). 
Bones of a Crane from Egypt. Presented. [1904. 9. 8, 1.] 
Many bones of mummifi^ Mammals and Birds. 

Elliot (Dr. Edmund A. S.). 

10 Starlings (Stumm vulgaris) from Devonshire. Presented. [89. 
3. 8, 1-lO.f 

When I was working at the distribution and migration of the 
Common Starling, Dr. Elliot procured me some interesting specimens. 
He is a well-known authority on the ornithology of Devonshire, and is 



Birds. 345 

also ioterested ia the birds of North America (cf. Bull. B.O.C., v., 
pp. xxL, xlii.). He is the author of " A Century's Work on Ornithology 
in the Kingsbridge District " (Rep. Devon. Ass., xxix., pp. 167-174, 1897). 

Elliott (Geoboe Francis Scott). 

8 specimens from Madas^ascar. Presented. [89. 9. 25, 1-8.] 
35 specimens from Ruwenzori and Lake Albert Edward. Presented. 
[96. 2. 12, 1-351 

Mr. Scott-Elliot is chiefly known as a Botanical Collector, but he 
procured some specimens of birds during his travels in Equatorial Africa, 
and discovered a new species of Zosterops on Ruwenzori, which has been 
named after him, Zosterops scotti^ by Mr. Oscar Neumann (Om. M.B., 
vii., p. 24). See Hist. Coll. Brit. Mus., i. (Botany), p. 146. 

Elliott (J. Steele). 

A specimen of the Sub-Alpine Warbler {Sylvia svhaljnna) from St 
Kilda, being the only known specimen from the British Islands. [1901. 
1. 4, 1.] 

29 eggs from St. Eilda, Donegal and Shropshire. Presented. [1902. 
7. 7, 1-13; 1904. 8. 11, 1-16.] 

87 eggs of British birds. Presented. [1904. 10. 20, 1-87.] 

Elsey (J. R.). 

249 specimens from N.W. Australia. Presented. [57. 9. 18, 1-56 ; 
57. 10. 28, 1-193.] 

Dr. Elsey was the medical officer attached to the Gregory Expedition. 

Blwes (H. J.), F.B.8. 

98 birds (Ducks). Presented. [89. 4. 3, 1-80 ; 89. 4. 9. 1-18.] 

The record of Mr. H. J. Elwes constitutes as fine a display of energy 
and devotion to scientific work as any in the anuals of English science. 
Bom in 1846, he was educated first at Mr. Goldney's school at Tonbridge, 
where the present Lord Walsingham made the study of natural history 
the rage» and this doubtless had itn influence in the after career of Mr. 
Elwes. After four 3'ears at Eton, he joined the Scots Guards in 1865, 
and it was in 1863 and 1864 that he made his first expeditions in pursuit 
of natural history to the Orkney Islands. He stayed at Stromness in the 
house of the well-known collector, John Dunn, and was nearly drowned 
during one of their expeditions in the very boat in which Dunn lost his 
life a few years afterwards. Mr. Elwes visited Islay on several occasions, 
and again on one of these visits be narrowly escaped drowning through 
the swamping of the boat in which he was sailing. The ornithological 
notes which he made were sent to the late Robert Gray, who was at that 
time engaged in writing his book on the ' Birds of the West of Scotland.' 

In 1868, when the Guards were quartered at the Tower, he obtained 
leave for the summer, and spent three months in the Hebrides, accom- 
panied for the first ten days by T. E. Buckley. In those days the 
White-tailed Eagle (Haliaetus aXbicUla) was common in Skye, three nests 
being found in a couple of days, and to two of these he descended over the 
cliffs by means of a rope. Sixty of these birds bad been destroyed on 
the farm of Glenbrittle by Mr. Cameron, the tenant, with whom the 
travellers stayed, and who was afterwards killed by being thrown out of a 
window in a row which took place at Portree. 

In 1869, Mr. Elwes went with the late Mr. T. E. Buckley on an 
expedition to Greece, Turkey, and the Crimea. While in Attica, the 



346 Zoology. 

party narrowly escaped capture by the very same band of brigands who 
murdered Mr. Herbert, Mr. Yyner and the Secretary of the Italian 
Legation the year afterwards. (For an account of this expedition, see 
the " Ibis " for 1870, pp. 59-77.) 

Being unable to effect an exchange into a regiment in India, Mr. 
Elwes left the Army in 1870, and determined to devote his time to 
travel and the pursuit of natural history. He went to Madras with the 
late Colonel Bame and Colonel the Hon. F. Bridgman. After hunting 
Elephants and Bison in the Cardamum Hills of Travancore, and making 
some notes on birds (Ibis, 1870, pp. 526-^28), an expedition was 
made after Tiger and Rhinoceros in the Terai, with Colonel Sir F. (now 
General Lord) Grenfell and Colonel Bridgman; but, as the latter was 
invalided by a bad attack of fever, Mr. Elwes made a trip to Daijiling in 
April and stayed there till the end of October. He joined with Dr. W. 
T. Blanford in the well-known explorations of the head-waters of the 
Tista Biver in Tibet, a locality only once before visited, viz. by Sir Joseph 
Hooker, twenty-two years previously. An accoimt of this expedition was 
published by Dr. Blanford in the " Journal " of the Asiatic Society of 
Bei^ (vol. xli., pp. 41-73), and three new species of biods were described. 

£i T^ovember Mr. Elwes went to Assam with the late Colonel 
Haughton, CLE., the Commissioner of Kuch Behar, but was laid up with 
fever. After an expedition to Kangra and the north-western Himalayas 
he returned to England in 1871, and married. The result of his Indian 
experiences is summed up in his paper on the " Geographical Distribution 
of Asiatic Birds'* (P.Z.S., 1873, pp. 616-682, pi. li., map). He like- 
wise wrote a revision of the genus ffenicurus (Ibis, 1872, pp. 250-262, 
pi. ix.). 

In 1874 Mr. Elwes started to join the late Lord Lilford in his yacht 
on an expedition to Cyprus, but the yacht was disabled and could not go, 
so Mr. Elwes travelled by himself from Smyrna to Lycia, and collected 
birds and plants. Several new bulbous plants were discovered on this 
expedition, and one of them, Gaianthus elwesi, has become a very 
popular garden-plant in England. 

From this date he became especially interested in horticulture, and did 
little more in ornithology, but in May, 1880, he accompanied the late 
Henry Seebohm on a collecting trip to Denmark and Holland, when they 
obtained the eggs of the Black Stork (Ciconia nigra), the Kite {MUvus 
milviu), the Avocet (Becurvirostra avocetta), and many others (cf. Ibis, 
1880, pp. 385-599). 

In 1879 he turned his attention to Lepidoptera, and in April, 1882, 
he went to Algeria, accompanied by Mr. C. Dixon, and discovered a new 
Chat (Saxicota seehohmi) in the Aures Mountains. (Of. Ibis, 1882, 
pp. 550-579, pi. 14.) 

For the last twenty years Mr. Elwes has devoted himself to the study 
of Lepidoptera and Botany, and has made many expeditions, in pursuit 
of insects and plants, in different parts of the world. In 1884 he was at 
St. Petersburg as the British Delegate to the International Congress of 
Botany and Horticulture. In 1886 he was appointed by the Gt)vemm6nt 
of India a member of its Embassy to Tibet, a mission which came to 
naught owing to the political difficulties which led to the war in Sikhim, 
in 1888. Being unable to cross the Tibetan frontier, Mr. Elwes spent 
six months in Sikhim and the Khasia Hills. 

After the death of his father in 1891, he settled down on the family 
estates, and has since devoted his time to forestry and horticulture, varied 
by occasional visits to Norway, the Tyrol, etc. 



Birds. 347 

Id 1888 we find him, accompanied by Mrs. Elwes, in Mexico, where 
he joined his brother-in-law, Dr. F. D. Godman, F.RS., in whose 
company a very large number of Birds and Lepidoptera were collected. 
The return journey was made via California, Oregon, and the Yellowstone 
Park. In 1893, and again in 1895, Mr. Elwes was again in North 
America, when he visited the Rocky Mountains of Colorado, Montana, 
and Alberta, and discovered several new species of Butterflies. By this 
time his interests were chiefly centred in the collecting of Lepidoptera, 
and reviews of several genera, jEneis, Colias, ArgynnU, Erebia, etc., 
appeared in the ** Transactions '* of the Entomological Society, and in 1900 
he disposed of his ornithological collections, consisting of some 4000 
specimens, which were transferred to Mr. Rothschild's Museum at Tring. 

In 1898 Mr. Elwes made an expedition into Siberia with Mr. W. A.L. 
Fletcher, D.S.O., the well known oarsman, to hunt wild Sheep. A very 
fine collection of Lepidoptera was obtained, which was described in the 
"Transactions*' of the Entomological Society for 1899 (pp. 296-367, 
pis. xi.-xiv.). The principal ornithological discovery was that of the 
breeding of Stejneger's Scoter (CSdemia stejnegeri) on the salt lakes of 
the Tchuja Steppe, 2000 miles from the sea. A fine collection of dried 
plants was unfortunately lost in crossing a river. 

In the winter of 1901-1902, Mr. Elwes went to Chile and collected 
plants and butterflies, the latter being described in the Entomological 
Society's *• Transactions." 

In 1903 he wrote a paper on the *' Habits and present condition of the 
Elk in Norway" (P.Z.S., 1903, pp. 133-151, text-figures 18-26). 

For the past three years he has been engaged in arranging the collection 
of Lepidoptera in the British Museum, having in'1902 presented to the 
nation the pick of his collection, amounting to some 30,000 specimens. 
He is also engaged in a work on the Trees of Great Britain and Ireland, 
with Dr. A. Henry as his coadjutor. 

Emin Pasha. 

370 specimens from Equatorial Africa. Presented. [87. 9. 28, 1-342; 
90. 7. 1, 1-28.] 

The collections presented by Emin Pasha to the Museum were some 
of the most valuable ever received by the Trustees. They have been 
described by Captain Shelley (P.Z.S., 1888, pp. 17-50, pi. iii.). An 
interesting new species of Pratincole was named Olareola emini, 

A further collection was despatched by Emin Pasha for the Museum 
shortly before his death. It was entrusted to the ex-missionary trader 
Stokes, who was hung by Major Lothaire under well-known circum- 
stances. The collection intended for the British Museum found its way 
to Berlin, thus fulfilling the prophecy uttered by a friend of mine when 
he heard that Emin rasha had entrusted a collection for the British 
Museum into the hands of Stokes. He warned me that the latter would 
either get rid of the incubus by throwing the cases into the first cataract 
he came to, or would sell the collection to Germany. The notes relating 
to the consignment were sent by Emin to the then Dir^tor of the 
Museum, Sir William Flower, and published by him in the ** Proceedings" 
of the Zoological Society for 1894 (pp. 596-606). Whether Stokes sold 
the collections or not was never discovered, but the fact remains that 
they went to Berlin instead of coming to London. 

" Erebus " and " Terror " (KM.S8.) 
See McCoBMicK, Dr. H. 



348 Zoology. 

Esler (E.). 

See Gebbabd, E. 

Mr. Esler went to tlie Sudan for Mr. Carl Hagenbeck to collect the 
larger Mammalia in pre-Mahdian days. He made collections of birds in 
I^gos-Land, chiefly in the neighbourhood of Keren. Many ot these early 
oonsignmentH were bought by myself and by Capt. G. E. Shelley, and are 
included in our resitective collections of African birds now in the Museum. 
A few were also bought from Mr. Gerrard in later years. 

'' Euphrates" Expedition. 

46 birds and eggs collected during this expedition. Presented. [50. 10. 
21, 40-86.] 

Evans {Capt, G. N.). 

A specimen of a rare Duck {Asarcomis scutulaia) from Bhamo. 
[1900. 5. 20, 1.] 

Everett (Alfred Hart). 

See Gerbard, E. ; Hiqoinr, T. 

Mr. Everett's whole life was spent in the cause of science, and no man 
underwent more privations than this brave naturalist, who undoubtedly 
shortened his days by his devotion to zoological work. From the time 
that he entered the service of Raja Brooke in Sarawak his whole mind 
was devoted to the study of zoology. I described several of his early 
collections from Borneo in the ' Ibis ' for 1876, pp. 29-52, pL ii. ; 1877, 
pp. 1-25 ; 1893, pp. 550, 559, 560-563, and in the P.Z.S. for 1879, 
p. 343, where Frionochilus everetti is figured (pi. xxx., fig. 1). The 
results of his explorations in the Philippines, where he travelled for the 
late Marquis of Tweeddale, were described by the latter (P.Z.S., 
1877, pp. 686-703 (Luzon), 755-769 (Cebu), 816-834 (Mindanao); 
P.Z.S., 1878, pp. 106-114, pis. vi.-viii. (Dinagat, etc.), 280-288 (Negros), 
339-346 (Leyte), 379-381 (Panaon), 611-624, pis. xxxvii., xxxviii. 
(Palawan), 708-712 (Bohol), 936-954, pis. Ivii.-lix. (Zamboanga); 1879, 
pp. 68-73 (Basilan). Several remarkable novelties were discovered by 
Everett in the Philippines as well as in the Sulu Archipelago (^. Sharpe, 
'Ibis,' 1894, pp. 238-259, pis. vi., vii.). 

His later work was for the Hon. Walter Rothschild, and consisted 
of explorations in the Lesser Sunda Islands and in Celebes and the 
neighbouring islands. The following papers refer to these expeditions : 
Hartert, Nov. Zool. i., pp. 469-483 ; ii., pp. 466-478 (Natuna Islands) ; 
iii., pp. 69-71, 149-165 (S. Celebes), pp. 591-599 (Lombok); iv., pp. 
170-172 (Flores, Djampea Island), 253-273 (Savu), 513-528, pi. ii.; 
v., pp. 42-50, pi. i. (S. Flores) ; v., p. Ill (Timor), 456-465 (Lomblon, 
Pantar, Ombay), 477-505 (Sumba). 

Mr. Everett himself published some valuable papers and notes, the 
most important beinc; his essay on the zoo-geocraphical relationship of 
the island of Palawan (P.Z.S., 1889, p. 220), and his "List of the Birds 
of the Bomean Group of Islands" (J. Straits* Branch R. Asiatic Soc., 
1889, p. 91. 

173 birds from Borneo. Exchanged. [94. 7. 5, 1-173.] 

199 birds from Borneo and Pakwan. Presented. [93. 7. 4, 1-18; 
94. 8. 6, 1-171 ; 95. 3. 8, 1-10.] 

For obituary notices, see * Ibis,' 1898, p. 627, Nov. Zool., v., p. 606. 



I 



Birds. 34J) 

Everett (Harold H.). 
See HiGGiNS, T. 
A brother of Alfred Everett and a good collector. I described a 
collection of his from Sarawak, with some notes on Cyomis rufi/rons, and 
a new Bulbul(/xidta ^roWco/w) in the «*Ibis" for 1878 (pp. 417-419). 

The Rev. H. H. Slater described another collection of Mr. Harold 
Everett's from the Bangal Hills in Sarawak, and named Myiaphoneus 
bomeensis and Farus cinemscens (Ibis, 1885, pp. 123, 124). The latter 
name being preoccupied, he changed it to P. sarawacensis (Ibis, 1885, 
1. 327). It has never been found again, whereas Mytophoneus homeensis 
las been met with on several mountains in N.W. Borneo (Kina Balu, 
Dulit, etc.). 

Exton (Dr. H.). 

51 birds and egjis from the Orange River Colony and the Transvaal. 
Presented. [76. 1. 25, 1-4 ; 76. 10. 18, 1-23 ; 77. 2. 5, 1-4 ; 77. 4. 23, 
1-20.] 

Fetrochelidon »pUodera was new to the collection. Dr. Exton collected 
in Matabeleland when it was still an unexplored country, and resided 
for some time at Kanye. Barhattda extoni was a new Barbet discovered 
by him. 

Eyton (Thomas Campbell). 
See Gebbabd, E. 

Eyton was a well-known Shropshire naturalist and a coadjutor with 
Jardine in the days of the '* Contributions to Ornithology." He was the 
author of " A Catalogue of the British Birds," 8vo, vi. + 68 pp. (1836) ; 
** History of the Rarer Bntish Birds," 8vo, pp. 1-101 (1836) ; ** Monograph 
of the Anatidm ** (1838) ; and '* Osteologia Avium." One of his principal 
papers was a "Catalogue of a Collection of Birds from Malaya," with 
descriptions of new species (P.Z.S., 1839, p. 100), wherein some now very 
well-known forms were described for the first time. 

After his death his collection was purchased by Mr. E. Oerrard, and 
I made a selection of the types for the Museum. The labelling of the 
collection was in such an illegible handwriting that I fear I missed identi- 
fying a few of thorn, but the majority of the Eyton types are now in the 
British Museum. 

Cf. Diet. Nat. Biogr., xxviii., p. 107. 

Famum (J. E. and G. L.). 

74 birds from the Khingan Mountains, Mongolia. Presented. [98. 11. 
15, 1-74.] 

See Smith, Donaldson. 

Faber (Von). 

See Gerrard. 

Farquhar (Capt. A. M., B,N.). 

121 specimens from the New Hebrides. Presented. [1900. 1. 10, 
1-121.] 

2 specimens of Mgithalus macedonioa, new to the collection. [1901. 
4. 13, 1 and 2.] 

This remarkable donation of birds by Gapt. Farquhar added 12 new 
species to the Mtiseum, and these were described by me in the Bulletin 
of the British Ornithologists' Club, vol. x. (pp. xxxviii, xxxix), and in 



350 Zoology. 

the «*Ibis** for 1900 (pp. 337-354), when a complete account of the 
coUection was given, with a figure (pL vii.) of a beautiful new King- 
fisher (Halcyon farquhari). Some notes on the birds of the New 
Hebrides are added by Capt. Farquhar himself in the same volume of the 
"Ibis" (pp. 607-612). His ship having been recently on the Medi- 
terranean station, he has procured specimens of^githalus macedonioa for 
the Museimi, and has written a paper on the nesting of Falco eleanorm in 
the Levant (« Ibis," 1902, pp. 166-168). 

Payrer {Sir Joseph), Bart, LL.D,, F,B,8. 

A Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundtu) and Black-throated Diver 
{CcHymbus arcticua) from Falmouth. [1904. 2. 6, 1 ; 1905. 12. 4, 1.] 

A Herring GuU (Larus argentatus\ a Shag (Fhalacrocorax gracultu), 
and a Great Northern Diver (Colymbus gladalis) from Falmouth. [1901. 
12. 6, 1 ; 1902. 12. 28, I ; 1903. 1. 18, 1.] 

Sir Joseph, who is one of the survivors of the siege of Lucknow, has 
always taken a great interest in Natural History, and, since his retirement 
from Indian service, has continually procured specimens for the British 
Museum (see "Who's Who," 1905, p. 528). 

PeUden (CoUmel H. W.), O.B,, C.M.Z,S. 

Visited the Fasroe Islands in 1872 (cf. Zoolo^t^ 1872, pp. 3210-3225, 
3245-3257, 3277-3294). Was naturalist to H.M.S. Alert during Sir 
George Nares' Arctic voyage. Has collected in many countries, and done 
good work on every occasion. In company with Colonel A. E. Butler 
and Captain Savile Beid he made an interesting coUection of birds near 
Newcastle, in Natal, during the first Boer War (qf. Zoologist, 1882, pp. 
165-171, 204-212, 243-258, 297-303, 335-345, 423-430, 460). He has 
accompanied Mr. Henry J. Pearson on his expeditions to Novaya Zemlya 
and other parts of Northern Euroi)e (cf. Hist. ColL Brit Mus., i., p. 288 ; 
Pearson, postea, p. 439). 

100 specimens of birds and eggs from Greenland and the Arctic 
Begions, obtained during the expemtion under Sir George Nares in 
H.M.S. Alert (cf. P.Z.S., 1877, pp. 28-32; Ibis, 1877, pp. 401-412). 
Presented by the Lords of the Treasury. [77. 11. 10, 1-51 ; 77. 11. 23, 
1-3 ; 78. 7. 2, 1-46.] 

Among the specimens obtained by Colonel Feilden on this occasion 
were three nestlings of the Knot (Tringa canutus), 

A nest and four eggs of the Dartford WarWer (Melizophilui undatus) 
(cf. Zoologist, 1872, p. 3272), and two eggs of the Black Grouse (Lyrurus 
tetrix) from Wolmer Forest. Presented. [78. 9. 20, 1-7.] 

31 eggs, 2 birds, and 1 nest from Barbados. Presented. [91. 7. 11, 
1-34] (cf. Feilden, "Ibis," 1889, pp. 477-^03). 

29 birds from various localities. Presented. [94. 11. 1, 1-29.] 

16 birds and 8 skeletons from N. Greenland and Spitsbergen. 
Presented. [94. 11. 22, 1-16 ; 95. 2. 10, 1-8.] 

and Harvie-Brown (J. A.). 

39 birds from the Petchora River. Presented. [76. 6. 1, 4-42.] 
These were duplicates from the collection made on the Petchora River, 

by Mr. Harvie-Brown, who was Seebohm's companion (cf, " Ibis," 1876, 

pp. 105-126, 215-230, 289-311, 434-456). Colonel FeUden and Mr. 

Harvie-Brown have joined collections. 



Birds. 351 

Ferguson (Harold S.). 

22 birds from Travancore. Presented. [1900. 5. 24, 1-12; 1900. 
10. 6, 1-10.] 

Mr. Ferguson was the Director of the Museum at Trevaadrum, and 
sent some interesting species to the National Collection. 

FergoBon (R.). 

16 specimens from the Himalayas. Presented. [38. 7. 9, 1-16.] 

Ferryman. 

See Mochleb-Ferbyman. 

Pflnch (B. T.), OJ.E. 

33 birds from Fao, Persian Gulf. Presented. [1901. 9. 16, 1-33.] 

Field (Leopold). 

See Stevens, BL 
A well-known oologist, whose collection was dispersed in 1895. A 
beautiful series of the eggs of Cuculus canorus, with the eggs of the 
foster-parents, was secured by the Museum. 

Finckh (H. E.). 

2 eggs of the Eagu (Rhinochetus jabatus). Purchased. [1904. 7. 25, 
1-2.] 

Finn (Frank). 

8 specimens from Calcutta. Presented. [1902. 10. 18, 1-8.] 

2 specimens. [1903. 7. 2, 2-3.] 

Until recently Mr. Finn was the Assistant Director of the Indian 
Museum, Calcutta, and he has written some interesting papers in the 
* Jouroal ' of the Asiatic Society of Bengal and the ' Pro^edings ' of the 
Zoological Society. 

Finsch {Br. Otto). 

See Bbehek, Geoobaphical Societt of ; Schkeideb, G. 

A few duplicates from Dr. Finsch*s ornithological collections have 
found their way into the British Museum, and the first set of the series 
from his well-known Siberian expedition was purchased by the Trustees. 

A record of the life-work of this diligent zoologist is to be found in 
his " Systematische Uebersicht der Ergebnisse seiner Reisen und schrift- 
stellerischen Thatigkeit " (1859-1899), published in Berlin in 1899. His 
voyages to West Siberia (1876), the South Sea Islands (1879-1885), New 
Guinea (1884-1885), and their results are fully described, and a list of his 
works and papers (over 400 in number) is given. 

Dr. Finsch was until recently the Curator of the Ornithological 
Department in the Leyden Museum, where he was employed as an 
Assistant in his young days, when he wrote his celebrated monograph of 
the Parrots under circumstances of great difficulty. He has done much 
in recent years to elucidate the treasures of that great Museum, and 
many valuable memoirs have appeared in the '* Notes of the Leyden 
Museum." 

Fisher (Theodore). 

70 British birds collected and mounted by himself. Presented. 
[88. 5. 20, 1-70.] 



352 Zoology. 

Fitzgerald (E. A.). 

127 birds from the Andes, collected by P. H. Gosse during the expedi- 
tion to Aconcagua. Presented. [99. 1. 20, 1-95 ; 99. 2. 4, 1-32.] 

In Mr. Fitzgerald's book "The Highest Andes, 1899," a chapter on 
the birds of the Aconcagua Valley is written by Mr. Gosse (pp. 342-352). 

Pitzroy {Admiral). 

S€€ Burnett, Sir W. 
Cf. Diet. Nat Biog., xix., pp. 207-209. 

Fleming (J.). 

51 birds from Darjilmg. Presented. [77. 2. 20, 1-51.] One 
{Suthora ruficepsl new to the collection. 

Fleming (J. H.). 

546 birds from Canada. Received in exchange [98. 5. 10, 1-344; 

98. 9. 91, 1-99 ; 99. 4. 4, 1-103.] 

A valuable addition to the Museum collection, as there were scarcely 
any Canadian birds in the series of North American species. 

2 examples of Nuttall's Goat-suckers (Fhal»noptilus nuttallt) from 
California. Presented. [1904. 8. 10, 1-2.] 

Flower (Capt. Stanley S.). 

See RoTAL Siamese Museum. 
38 birds from Siam. Presented. [98. 10. 30, 11-20 ; 99. 1. 12, 1-9 ; 

99. 8. 10, 1-19] (c/. Flower, Ibis, 1898, pp. 319-327). 

A new Grakle was named by me Stumopastor floweri, \^Cf, Bull. 
B.O.C., vii., p. xvii., 1897.] 

22 birds from the White Nile. Presented. [1900. 8. 30, 1-22.] 

A female Ostrich from the neighbourhood of Khartum. Presented. 
[1903.11.30,1.] 

A son of the late Sir William Flower, Director of the Natural History 
Museum. Captain Flower is now the Director of the Zoological Gardens 
at Ghizeh in Egypt. 

" Flying Fish " (Voyage H.M.S.). 
See Macleab, Admiral. 

Forbes (H. O.), LL.D,, Beader in Ethnology at the University 
of Liverpool. 
See Bbitibh Assogiatiok; Gerrard, E. ; Janbon, 0.; Ogxlyie- 
Grant, W. R. 

10 specimens from the Tenimber Islands and Sumatra. Presented. 
[84. 5. 10, 1-10.] 

6 specimens of Aims superdliosa from Lake Wakolo, Burn. Presented. 
[84.6.2,1-6.] 

5 specimens of Hirundo gutturdlis from Kajeli, Burn. Presented. 
[84. 7. 30. 5-9.] 

68 specimens from the interior of British New Guinea, including 
the types of 4 new species, Rhectes meridionaHs^ Melirrhopetes haiesi^ 
Fseudogerygone cinereicepSf RaUicvla forbeai ; and 7 species new to the 
collection. Purchased. [88- 3. 24, 1-52 ; 88. 4. 4, 1-13 ; 88. 6. 19, 1-3.] 

25 birds from the New Zealand and the Chatham Islands. Presented. 
[94. 2. 20, 1-20; 94. 4. 18, 1-5.] 

In this series was the type of a new Fruit Pigeon {Carpophaga 



Birds. 353 

chaihamioa^ Forbes, Nature, vol. xlvi., p. 262, 1892, = C, chathamensis^ 
Rothschild, P.Z.S^ 1891, p. 312, pi. xxviii.). 

133 skins and bones of birds from the Chatham Islands. Purchased. 
[92. 10. 31, 1-21 ; 93. 1. 30, 1-35-78 ; 93. 6. 24, 1-16 ; 93. 12. 31, 1-6; 
94.4.18,1-^; 94.5.1,1-60.] 

While on the Chatham Islands a series of bones of Diaphorapteryx 
and other s()ecimens of extinct forms of birds were procured and described 
by Dr. Forbes, as well as examples of GahcUus modestus, the peculiar Bail 
of the islands, now believed to be extinct (cf. his paper on *' The Birds of 
the Chatham Islands," Ibis, 1893, pp. 521-546, pis. xiv., xv.). 

After his adventurous explorations in the Tenimber Islands and other 
Malayan and Papuan Islands, Dr. Forbes was for some years Director 
of the Museum at Christchurch, New Zealand, and shortly after his return 
to England he was appointed Director of Museums at Liverpool, where 
he has done some excellent work. A recently published volume on the 
Zoology of Bokotra gives an account of the expedition to that island, 
which he made in company with Mr. W. R. Ogilvie-Grant. 

{Of. Forbes, " A Naturalist's Wanderings in the Eastern Archipelago," 
1885, where a complete accoimt of his early labours is published ; cf, also 
Nicholson, F., on the birds collected by Mr. H. 0. Forbes in the Island 
of Java, Ibis, 1881, pp. 139-156 ; in Sumatra, Ibis, 1882, pp. 51-65, 
66-71; 1883, pp. 236-257, pL x.). 

Forbes (W. A.). 

426 specimens from Nigeria (vide infra), and his collection of Weaver- 
birds (Floceidm)f eight species being new to the collection. Presented 
by his executors. [84. 1. 10, 1-426.J 

Forbes was the successor of (jarrod as Prosector to the Zoological 
Society, and was an equally brilliant man. After a successful expedition 
to Pemambuco (cf " Ibis," 1881, pp. 312-362), he made a voyage to the 
Niger, where he unfortunately died — a grievous loss to science (qf, Shelley, 
"Ibis," 1883, pp. 538-562; ^gialitts forhesi, n^tp., pi. xiv.). Forbes' 
last journal is published in the " Ibis "" for 1883, pp. 491-637 ; 1884, 
pp. 119-120.1 His collection he bequeathed to the Nation. His Per- 
nambuco collections are also in the Museum, having been given by 
Forbes to Dr. Sclater and to Messrs. Salvin and GMman. A complete 
coUection of his memoirs, edited by Mr. F. E. Beddard, with an account 
of his life by Dr. P. L. Sclater, was issued in 1885. 

Foreign Office. 

See N. American Boundary Commission (p. 316). 

Foresman (A.). 

21 birds from the Transvaal. Presented. [69. 10. 7, 1-21.] 

Forrer (A.). 

24 birds, including three species new to the collection, from Van- 
couver Island and GalSomia. [80. 5. 5, 1-24.] 

Mr. Forrer was a very good collector who travelled in Western North 
America, Western Mexico, and also yisited the Tres Marias Islands. The 
first series of his Mexican collections was purchased by Dr. F. D. Godman, 
and is described by Messrs. Salvin and GKximan in the '' Biologia Centrali- 
Americana," where Chrysomttris forreH is named after him. 

Forrester (T. W.). 

19 birds from Spain and other localities. Presented. [1904. 8. 8, 1-19.] 
VOL. II. 2 A 



354 Zoology. 

Portnum (C. D. E.). 

39 birds from South Australia. [42. 6. 29, 17-55.] 

Poster (W.). 

14 birds from Paraguay. Presented. [1902. 3. 24, 1-14.] 

253 birds and 312 eggs from Sapucay, Paraguay. Purchased. [1903. 

12. 22, 1-114; 1903. 12. 23, 1-139 ; 1904. 7. 26, 1-312.] 

906 birds and 745 nests and eggs from Paraguay. Purchased. [1905. 

10. 12, 1-906; 1905. 10. 13, 1-745.] 

Pothergill {Major H.). 

A skeleton of Cloephaga magdlanica. [98. 4. 7, 1.] 

A specimen of Crossoptilum manchuricum, [98. 4. 14, 1.] 

A young example of a Magellanic Groose (Uhloephaga magdlanica^ 

died in captivity. Presented. [1904. 7. 4, 1.] 

Potheringham (J.). 

20 birds from Darjiling. Presented. [77. 4. 21, 1-20.] 

PranciB (H. F.). 

9 birds from the Transvaal. Presented. [96. 2. 13, 1-9] {cf. W. L. 
Sclater, Ibis, 1899, pp. 111-115). 

Prank (G. A.). 

143 specimens of skins and skeletons of birds from various localities. 
Purchased. [45. 6. 3, 1-5 ; 45. 7. 16, 1-4 ; 46. 5. 5, 6-36 ; 49. 3. 2, 
41-67 ; 66. 2. 13, 1-13; 72. 2. 10, 1-23 ; 72. 10. 4, 7-46.] 

Frank was a natural history agent in Amsterdam, from whom the 
Museum received many fine Mammalia and Birds. For years he received 
the duplicates from the Leyden Museum, and offered the best of these 
to the Trustees until the time when Count Turati began forming his 
splendid Museum at Milan, when most of the birds were sold to him by 
Frank, as the Count gave prices which no public Museum could afford. 

Prank (G. A., jun,). 

35 birds from the Comoro Islands. Purchased. [88. 5. 4, 1-35.] 

177 birds* skins and si)ecimens in spirit, from Ldberia. [99. 7. 1, 
1-162 ; 99. 8. 10, 23-37.] 

A son of the above, who succeeded to his father's business, which was 
transferred to London. After the death of Professor Schlegel, the 
explorations of the Dutch Government in their East Indian Colonies 
gradually ceased, and there were no more duplicates from the Leyden 
Museum for disposal to our Museum. 

Frank bought up many of the duplicates of the Humblot collection 
from the Comoro Islands (</. Milne-Edwards and Oustalet, '* Etudes sur 
les Mammif^res et les Oiseaux des lies Comores," Nouv. Arch. Mus. (2) 
X., pp. 211-297, pis. iv.-ix. 1889), and the set purchased from him in 1888 
contained the new genus Humblotia and twelve species unrepresented in 
the national collection. Many duplicate skins and birds in spirits were 
purchased from Dr. Buttikofer's Liberian collection through Frank. 

Praser (Louis). 

300 specimens of birds, skeletons, and eggs from Tunis. Purchased. 
[46. 10. 30, 1-147 ; 47. 3. 26, 6-28 ; 47. 10. 21-10, 14-21, 25-53; 48. 1. 
10, 1-22.] 



Birds. 355 

19 specimens from West Africa, Purchased. [61. 11. 5, 1-3 ; 51. 11. 
27, 1-12 ; 5.3. 1. 26, 1-5.] 

76 specimens, registered as from ''South America." [59. 1. 12, 
1-19 ; 59. 4. 26, 1-13 ; 60. 6. 12, 1-4 ; 60. 11. 9, 1-13 ; 60. 12. 5, 1-19 ; 
62. 1. 17, 1-7.1 

Mr. Oerrard, senior, can remember Eraser as a young man employed 
at the Zoological Society's Museum in Brewer Street, Golden Square. 
Here he picked up his knowledge of natural history. He wrote several 
papers and described various new species of birds in the " Proceedings ** of 
the Zoological Society, from 1839-1845, 1850-1856. Was appointed 
naturalist on board H.MS. Wilberforce in the expedition up the River 
Niger, 1841-42 {cf. Allen and Thomson, " Narrative of the Expedition 
to the Niger in 1841," i., p. 467, 1848 ; list of the species described, op. 
cit, ii., pp. 488-508). 

He was an excellent naturalist, and was &protSgi of the Earl of Derby, 
who procured him a consular appointment in 1850 at Whydah, West 
Ck)ast of Africa. In 1857 he was in Ecuador, collecting for Dr. Sclater 
(c/ P.Z.S., 1858, pp. 449-461; 1859, pp. 135-147; 1860, pp. 73-98, 
272-301). 

I only remember him in his later life, when his caligraphy was 
really beautiful, and he was employed by Dr. Sclater to write the labels 
for the animals in the Zoological Gardens. He afterwards had a shop for 
living animals at the Polytechnic in Regent Street, and I remember him 
also in another small shop near TattersalFs, Knightsbridge, after which 
I heard that he had gone to Cdifornia, where, 1 believe, he died. 

Of. Diet Nat. Biogr., xx., p. 215. 

Prere (R. T.). 

28 eggs of British birds. Presented. [52. 3. 20, 1-28.] 

Fry (Alexander). 

947 birds from Rio de Janeiro. Presented. [95. 4. 1, 1-947.] 
Mr. Fry was a well-known coleopterist, and was always a good 
friend to the British Museum. His collection from the neighbourhoml of 
Rio de Janeiro is probably one of the most extensive ever made in that 
province, and its value to the Museum can scarcely be overestimated. 

Pulton (H. T.). 

36 birds from Chitral. Presented. [1904. 12. 5, 1-36.] 

Gaekwar of Baroda (His Highness The). 

52 birds from Somali Land. Presented. [1901. 4. 20, 1-52.] 
H.H. The Gaekwar is a very keen naturalist, and tiie Baroda Museum 
is a feature of the country over which he rules. Dr. Donaldson Smith, 
the well-known African explorer, made an expedition into Somali Land 
on behalf of the Gaekwar, who kindly allow^ the British Museum to 
take any specimens of interest for the National Collection. The results of 
the expedition were described by me in the " Proceedings of the Zoological 
Society*' (1901, vol. ii., pp. 298-316), and a new Warbler {Camaroptera 
fjaekxvari) was named after His Highness the Gaekwar. 

Galton (Sir Francis). 

34 birds from the 5th Cataract of the Nile. Presented. [49. 2. 8, 
1-34.] 

2 A 2 



356 Zoology. 

Oatke (Heinbich). 

4 birds from Heligoland, mounted by himself and presented. [76. 10. 
17, 4-17.] 

In company with the late Henry Seebohm' and Mr. Frank Nicholson, 
of Manchester, I visited Heligoland in 1876, and shared with them 
those wonderful experiences which Seebohm has so graphically described 
in his books. 

G&tke was undoubtedly one of the grandest-looking old men I have 
ever seen, with the exception of Edward filyth, who resembled him in his 
leonine appearance. He had resided in Heligoland for many years, and 
was an accompUshed marine painter. Around his studio he had arranged 
his collection of birds, all mounted by himself, and mostly firsL-rate 
specimens. Several White's Thrushes {Oreoeichkk varia) and other 
migrants to this wonderful island resting-place were mounted in glass 
cases. Unfortunately the studio was lighted from the top, and the 
windows being unprotected by blinds, ana exposed to the sun of every 
North Sea sununer, the most lamentable exhibition of damage by light 
which it has ever been my lot to behold ensued in Gatke's studio. 
Specimens of unique and priceless value were bleached almost beyond 
recognition, and 1 was not sorry that SeebohmV negotiations for the 
purchase of the Gatke collection fell to the ground. His intention was 
to buy the collection (after the surrender of the island to Germany) and 
present it to ihe British Museum, providing for it a special case, in order 
to teach the public what the migration of birds to one isolated spot really 
meant. Considering the faded condition of the specimens, I was decidedly 
glad that Seebohm's generous offer (far beyond the actual value of 
the collection) was refused, and that the German Government, in a proper 
patriotic spirit, decided that the Gatke collection should not be trans- 
ferred to this country. 

{Cf, Gatke, ** Vogelkarte Helgolands," 1891, 8vo, pp. 1-609. English 
translation by Ros^tock, Edinburgh and London, 8vo, pp. x and 
599, illustrated. Cf, also Seebohm, Ibis, 1892, pp. 1-32 ; Gordeaux, 
Ibis, 1875, pp. 172-188. Obituary Notice, Ibis, 1897, pp. 291- 
294). 

Gaumer (Dr. G. F.). 

Collected in Yucatan, and on the islands of the Bay of Honduras (cf, 
Lawrence Salvin, Ibis, 1888, pp. 241-265; 1889, pp. 359-379; 1890, 
pp. 84-95). 

Geale (F.). 

10 specimens from Prince's Island, Bight of Biafra. Purchased. 
[66. 7. 20, 1-lO.J 

lliese birds were duplicates from Dr. Dohm's collection (c^. P.Z.S. 
1866, pp. 324-332, pi. xxx.). They were prepared by J. G. Keulemans, 
who as a boy accompanied Dr. Dohm in his expedition to the Cape 
Verde Islands and West Africa. 

21 specimens from Mexico. Purchased. [66. 12, 21, 1-21.] 

Geale was assistant to Hugh Cuming, and carried on the business 
after the death of the last-named naturalist. When I knew him he had 
a shop in Drury Lane. I purchased the Kingfishers from the Dohm 
collection, and this was my first experience (as a boy) of the high 
prices it was possible to pay for bird-skins, when necessary for my 
Monograph of the Alcedinidm ! 



Birds. 357 

Oedge (Ebnbst). 

10 specimens from Uganda, including the type of Francolinus gedgeiy 
Grant, "Ibis," 1891, p. 124; Sharpe, "Ibis," 1892, p. 561, pi. xiv. 
Presented. [93. 12. 1, 46 ; 94. 2. 24, 1-9.] 

Genoa Mnseum (Director, Profesaor Rafabllo Gestbo). 

2 specimens from Papuasia, new to the collection. Received in 
exchange. [76. 7. 18, 1, 2.] 

6 specimens from the Arfak Mts. in N.W. New Guinea, including 
three species new to the Museum. [82. 5. 30, 2-7.] 

26 specimens from South-eastern New Guioea, collected by the 
Marquis L. Loria. Purchased. [97. 8. 29, 1-26.] 

9 species new to the collection, 4 specimens being co-types (^. Salva- 
dori, Ann. Mus. Civic. Genoa, (2), xvi., pp. 55-120, 1896). 

Oerrard (Edwabd, jun.). 

44 specimens from Chile, collected by Mr. E. C. Reed, of Santiago. 

Purchased. [71.6.28,1-44.] 

60 specimens from Panama. Purchased. [72. 2. 8, 1-60.] 
15 specimens from Ecuador. Purchased. [72. 5. 27, 25-39.] 

3 specimens of Oreotrochilus chimborazo from Ecuador and 24 birds 
from the Rio Negro and Patagonia (c/. Sclater, P.Z.S., 1872, pp. 534-550, 
pL xxxi). Purchased. [72. 5. 28, 1-27.] 

58 specimens from Costa Rica. Purchased. [72. 5. 29, 1-58.] 

11 specimens from Jalapa collectod by M. de Oca. Purchased. 
[72. 10. 25, 15-25.1 

11 specimens from South America. Purchased. [72. 10. 28, 1-6 ; 
72. IL 23, 2-6.] 

56 specimens from Bogos-Land collected by Mr. Esler [g.v.]. Pur- 
chased. [73. 2. 25, 1-41 ; 74. 11. 13, 4-15.] 

12 birds from Yarkand. These specimens are the tjrpes of the new 
species described by Mr. A. 0. Hume iu the ** Ibis" for 1871, pp. 407-411 ; 
they were collected by Dr. G. Henderson (cf. Henderson and Hume, 
" Lahore to Yarkand ")• [73. 6. 30, 1-12.] 

15 birds from the Southern Und Mountains collected by Dr. Strader. 
These birds were received from the Moscow Museum by Jamrach, who 
sold them to Gerrard. Purchased. [73. 7. 2, 1-15.] 

89 specimens of Hawks and Owls from various localities. Purchased. 
[73. 8. 20, 1-42 ; 73. 10. 31, 2-24 ; 74. 1. 10, 1-4 ; 74. 4. 29, 3-19.] 

12 specimens, one new to the collection, from the Interior of Queens- 
land, collected by J. B. White (c/. Sharpe, P.Z.S., 1875, pp. 337-339). 
Purchased. [75.4.19,1-12.] 

43 specimens, including the type of Falco brookei, from Sardinia, 
collected by the late A. Basil Brooke. Purchased. [75. 5. 1, 6-48.] 

93 specimens from various localities, 3 new to the collection. Pur- 
chased. [76. 1. 4, 1-6 ; 76. 1. 31, 1-62 ; 76. 9. 18, 1-6 ; 77. 5. 31, 1-29.] 

25 specimens from Ceylon, including Bubo pectoralis, new to the 
collection, collected by A. Whyte. Purchased. [77. 11. 9, 1-25.] 

10 specimens, adding four species not previously represented in the 
collection, from Duke of York Island and New Britain, collected by the 
Rev. G. Brown. Purchased. [78. 3. 14, 1-10.] 

4 specimens, including Micrceca papuana, new to the collection, from 
New Guinea, duplicates from the celebrated expedition of Dr. A. B. Meyer. 
Purchased. [78.4.27,1-4.] 



358 Zoology. 

15 BpecimenB from N.W. Borneo collected by the late Grovemor H. T. 
Ussher. Purchased. [78. 5. 3, 1-15.] 

50 specimens from Colombia collected by the late T. E. Salmon. 
Purchased. [78.9.30,2-51.] 

These consisted of a few species required by the Museum at the time, but 
the bulk of this excellent collector's specimens passed into the hands of 
Messrs. Salvin \aid Godman, and Dr. Sclater. With the acquisition of these 
great collections, the British Museum possesses nearly the entire results of 
Salmon's work in Antioquia. 468 species were obtained by him, and his 
collections were described in 1879 by Dr. Sclater and Mr. Osbert Salvin in 
their paper, *' On the Birds collected by the late Mr. T. E. Salmon in the 
State of Antioquia, United States of Colombia" (P.Z.S., 1879, pp. 486- 
Q50, pis. xli.-xliii.). The collection was especially rich in eggs, many of 
which were figured for the first time. Several new species were desciibed : 
Cyphorhintis dichrotu (pi. xli.), Buarremon elmoproras^ Auiomolus igndbiliSf 
(frallaria ru/ocinereOf and Brachygalba salmoni, AH the types of these 
species are now in the British Museum. 

4 specimens, two new to the collection, from the Arfak Mountains. 
Purchased. [78.10.23,1-4.] 

10 specimens from Angola collected by Mr. A. S. Heath. Purchased. 
[78. 10. 23, 5-14.] (See Sharpe, R. Bowdler.) 

Heath was a clever young man who succeeded to an excellent business 
as a solicitor, built up by years of labour by his father. He wo\ild not 
stick to the drudgery of a city life, and wanted to go abroad and collect 
specimens for the Museum, but 22 skins were all that we ever received 
from him. 

40 birds from the Pelew Islands collected by Mr. Cohen. Purchased. 
[78. 10. 29, 1-40.] 

I do not know who Mr. Cohen was, but his collection was purchased 
by Gerrard and offered to the Museum, whereby we obtained a number 
of interesting species, of which twelve were new to the national collection. 

11 specimens, of which 6 species were new to the national collection, 
from the Molucca islands. Purchased. [78. 11. 12, 1-11.] 

25 specimens of Passerine birds, including 10 species new to the 
collection, from India and Burma. Purchased. [79. 2. 4, 1-25.] 

69 specimens, including 16 species new to the collection, trom the 
neighbourhood of Port Moresby, in British New Guinea, collected by 
Mr. Eendal Broadbent. Purchased. [79. 3. 6, 1-69.] 

This collection wns described by me in the " Journal " of the Linnean 
Society (Zool., xiv., pp. 626-634, 1879). I had named, in April 1879, two 
new species as Pcecilodrtfos flavicincta and Aprosmictus hroadbenti^ in the 
" Annals and Magazine of Natural History," 1879, p. 313. Mr. Broadbent 
had, however, sent specimens to the Sydney Museum, and Mr. E. P. 
Bamsay described the same species as Aprosmictus chloropterus and 
Fcecilodryas placenSf so that my names were prc-occupicd. 

58 bones of the extinct Goose, Cnemioniis calcitrans. Purchased. 
[79. 3. 11, 1-58.] 

36 birds, one species new to the collection, from Borneo and the 
Philippines, collected by Harold Everett Purchased. [79. 5. 3, 1-36.] 

20 specimens from Burma, Central and South America, containing one 
species new to the collection. Purchased. [80. 9. 13, 1-20.] 

43 specimens, including types of three newly-described species and 
nine new to the national collection, from S.E. New Guinea, collected by 
C. Hunstein (c/. Sharpe, Ann. and Mag. N. H. (5), vi., pp. 231, 232, 1880). 
Purchased. [^0. 9. 13, 21-63.] 



Birds. 359 

293 birds and 108 skeletoDS from the Ejrton collection. Purchased. 
[80. 12. 31, 1-88 ; 81. 1. 17, 1-108 ; 81. 2. 18, 1-205.] 

To the importance of the Eyton collection, with its 71 types of 
ancient species and seven new to the collection, I have already referred. 
The skeletons, being the specimens on which his *' Osteologia Avium " 
was founded, were also a most desirable acquisition. 

6 specimens from Australia, collected by A. P. Gkx)dwin, and two 
from SJl. New Guinea, collected by A. Goldie. Purchased. [81. 3. 15, 
1-8.] 

100 specimens from New Britain and Duke of York Island, collected 
by the Rev. G. Brown (c/. Sclater, P.Z.S., 1879, pp. 446-451, pis. xxxvi. 
and xxxvii., and 1880, pp. 65-67, pis. vL-viii.). Purchased. [81. 3. 29, 
1-100.] 

This collection contains 8 types of birds described as new to science 
by Dr. Sclater and 21 species hitherto unrepresented in the national 
collection. 

11 birds from Borneo. Three species from the Lawas river, collected 
by Sir W. H. Treacher, were new to the collection. Purchased. [81. 4. 21, 
1-11.] 

4 birds from S.E. New Guinea. Purchased. [81. 4. 22, 1-4.] 

17 birds from the Gold Coast, collected by the late Governor Ussher. 
Purchased. [81. 9. 24, 1- J 7.] 

This is a fragment only of the great collection of birds made by 
Crovemor Ussher before his death. Ho was keenly interested in the 
natural history of the colony over which be ruled, and shortly before 
his death I received letters from him announcing his return to England 
with the largest collection of birds he had ever made, with rare species 
like Picathartes gymnocepkalus and many other apparent novelties from 
the interior of the Grold Coast. He had also made a special study of the 
game-birds from the Accra district, and believed that ne had obtained a 
complete series of these birds. What became of this collection, of which 
there must have been several cases, was never actually discovered, but a 
few seem to have found their way to England and to have come ultimately 
into Garrard's hands. One of these specimens threw me off my guard 
on this occasion, and I described a pale moulting bird which looked like a 
Flycatcher as Musdcapa ussheri. It turned out to be a Garden Warbler 
{Sylvia simplex) ! 

45 birds from various localities. Purchased. [81. 11. 5, 1-45.] 

55 birds from Sikhim and other parts of the Indian Empire. Pur- 
chased. [81.12.28,3-57.] 

These were duplicates from the Hume collection sent home by Mr. 
Hume for disposal or for exchange. Many of these skins were of the 
utmost service to me in the preparation of the " Catalogue of Birds," as 
of course at that time I had no idea that four years later Mr. Hume 
was going to present his wonderful collection to the Museum. 

132 birds from South-eastern New Guinea, collected by Mr. A. Groldie. 
Purchased. [82. 3. 5, 1-5 ; 82. 3. 8, 1-121 ; 83. 6. 5, 1-6.] 

These collections contained 33 species not previously represented in 
the Museum, eleven of tbem being new. I described the collection in 
the Linnean Society's "Journal" (vol. xvi., pp. 317-319, 422-447). 
Among the novelties were such fine birds as Trichoglosstu goldieiy 
jEthamyias ffuttata, Eupetes pulcheTf Munia grandis, Phonygama hiun- 
steiniy and Ptilcrkis intercedeiis, 

14 birds from the west coast of Sumatra, collected by Di\ von Faber. 
Purchased. [82.7.24,1-14.] 



360 Zoology. 

51G specimens from the Jardine collection. Purchased. [86. 6. 24, 
1-516.] 

lliis important collection, full of historical specimens, was dispersed 
by auction in London after Sir William Jardine's death. 1 did my best 
to identify the type-specimens as the collection lay in a crowded auction 
room, and eventually the Museum secured twenty-five of the most impor- 
tant ones, but some were puixihased over our heads. The fate of this 
most interesting collection is one of the saddest memories 1 have. The 
printed catalogue was simply ridiculous, for if 1 remember rightly it 
recorded the types of Linnean species like the Peregrine Fidcon and the 
Common Swift, and the collection ought to have fetched more thousands 
of pounds than it did hundreds. The Museum did not get half what we 
wanted, and one of the things I most regret was the series of South 
African species, which included a set of Sir Andrew Smith's skins. 
There were many beautiful skins of Bustards, and I felt the want of these 
when I was writing the "Catalogue of Birds." I fear that the bid 
ofiered by the Museum was ouSone by someone who wanted the 
specimens for fly-fishing ! 

54 birds from N.W. Borneo, collected by A. H. Everett, including the 
type of Carpophaga everetti from Mantanani Island. Purchased. [SS. 8. 
13, 1-54.] 

40 skins from Eashgar and Yarkand, collected by the Rev. Dr. 
Landsdell. Purchased. [89. 7. 3, 1-26; 89. 7. 30, 1-14.] 

235 specimens from the Baram Province of Sarawak, collected by Dr. 
Charles Hose, the Resident of Baram. Purchased. [89. 1. 17, 1-21; 
89. 7. 31, 1-14; 89. 9. 21, 1-13; 90. 2. 1, 1-13; 92. 4. 29, 1-51; 92. 8. 
25, 1-50 ; 94. 2. 2, 1-21 ; 94. 6. 26, 1-21 ; 1900. 9. 1, 1-31.1 

This collection, which was made by Dr. Hose on Mounts Dulit, 
Mulu, and Kalulong, contains the types of the descriptions given in 
the " Ibis " for 1892, pp. 322-324, and Bull. Brit. Om. Club, i., pp. 4 
and 5 (1892). 

11 birds from Madagascar, collected by A. Majastre. Purchased. 
[89. 9. 5, 1-11.] 

100 specimens from Labuan and Mount Penrisen, N. W. Borneo, 
collected by A. H. Everett and Dr. C. Hose. This collection includes the 
type of Siphia everetti and 9 species new to the collection. Purchased. 
[90. 6. 14, 1-100.] 

447 specimeus from Captain Savile G. Reid's collection. Purchased. 
[92. 5. 6, 1-447.] 

This collection, which was principally from Bermuda and Natal, forms 
part of the material on which Captain Reid's " Birds of the Bermudas," 
and Butler, Feilden and Reid's '* Ornithological Notes from Natal," were 
based {cf. ** Zoologist," 1877, pp. 393-424, 478-493 ; op. ciL, 1882, pp. 165- 
171, 204-212, 243-258, 297-303, 335-345, 423-429, 460). 

230 specimens from the mountains of N.W. Borneo, principally from 
Mount E:ina Balu, collected by A. H. Everett. Purchased. [92. 10. 30, 
1-118 ; 93. 6. 22, 1-23 ; 95. 1. 26, 1-7 ; 95. 11. 19, 1-82.] 

These collections contained several species new to the Museum, and 
types of two undescribed species, Scops mantananenns and Arachnoihera 
everetti. 

34 bones of Dinomia and Edrpagomis from Omeru, New Zealand, 
from Dr. Forbes' collection. Purchased. [93. 1. 30, 1-34.] 

65 birds from the Sulu Archipelago collected by Mr. A. H. Everett. 
Purchased. [94.4.20,1-52.] 

This collection, containing 4 types of species new to science and 5 



Birds. 361 

not previously represented in the national collection, was described in 
the ** Ibis " for 1894, pp. 238-259, pis. vi. and viL 

5 eggs of Apteryx australU from South Island, New Zealand. 
Purchased. [94.11.20,1-6.] 

27 birds from N. Mindoro, collected by A. H. Everett. Purchased. 
[95. 6. 13, 1-27.] 

66 birds from Zululand, collected by Messrs. R. B. and J. S. D. 
Woodward. Purchased. [96.4.17,1-66.] 

Includes the type of Stactolmma woodwardiCcf. '* Ibis," 1897, pp. 400- 
422, pi. X., 1898, pp. 216-231). 

74 specimens from S. Celebes, Bonthain Peak, Mount KinaBalu, etc., 
collected by A. H. Everett. Purchased. [96. 6. 10, 1-72.] In this 
collection there were 5 species new to theMusemn. 

21 Kingfishers for the Public Gallery. Purchased. [96. 6. 11, 1-21.] 

32 specimens from Djampea Island, collected by Mr. A. H. Everett 
Purchased. [96.10.3,1-32.] 

11 species new to the collection (c^. Hartert, Nov. ZooL, iii., pp. 
165-183). 

6 birds from Mount Victoria. Purchased. [96. 10. 4, 1-6.] 

6 specimens of Prionodura newtaniana, from N. Queensland, collected 
byW.S. Day. Purchased. [96.11.24,1-6.] 

23 specimens firom the Talaut Islands. Purchased. [97. 5. 12, 1-23.] 

20 mounted specimens of Pigeons, for the Exhibition Gbdlery. 
Purchased. [97.10.14,1-20.] 

488 birds and eggs from the Lesser Sunda Islands (Savu, Flores, 
Sumbawa, Lombok, Bali, etc), collected by Mr. Alfred Everett. Purchased. 
[97. 11. 1, 1-136; 98. 5. 4, 1-125; 98. 6. 30, 1-39; 98. 12. 5, 1-56; 98. 
12. 6, 1-6; 98. 12. 7, 1-15; 98. 12. 7, 18-25; 98. 12. 8, 1-90; 98. 12. 
9, 1-13.1 

135 birds from N. Celebes, collected by Dr. Charles Hose. Purchased. 
[97. 12. 14, 1-104; 97. 12. 24, 1-31.] 

The collection of birds made by Dr. Hose in the mountains of N. 
Celebes is described by him (Ornis xii., pp. 77-117 (1903) V 

118 birds from Goodenough and Ferguson Islands and from St. Aignan 
in the Louisiade Archipelago, collected by A. S. Meek. Purchased. [98. 
4. 30, 1-93 ; 98. 6. 28, 1-25.] This collection contained 7 species new to 
the Museum. 

36 specimens from the Owen Stanley Mountains in British New 
Guinea. Purchased. [98. 11. 20, 1-24; 98. 12. 4, 1-12.] 

92 skeletons. Purchased. [98. 12. 3, 3-94.] 

37 birds from Borneo, collected by Mr. T. Waterstradt. Purchased. 
[98. 12. 10, 1-37.] 

118 specimens from S.E. New Guinea, collected by Mr. A. S. Meek. 
Purchased. [99. 5. 17, 1-56 ; 99. 5. 20, 1-21 ; 1900. 2. 7, 1-41.] 

45 birds from Cape York, N. Queensland, collected by A. S. Meek. 
Purchased. [99.6.21,1-45.] 

21 birds from Basilan,Philippme Islands. Purchased. [99.5.22,1-21.] 

12 specimens from New Guinea. Purchased. [99. 5. 23, 1-12.] 

51 specimens from Mt. Mada, in the Island of Bum in the Moluccas, 
and 45 specimens from Morotai Island, collected by A. H. Everett. 
Purchased. [99. 5. 24, 1-40 ; 1900. 2. 8, 1-45 ; 1900. 3. 24, 1-11.1 
21 birds from S.E. New Guinea. Purchased. [99. 8. 17, 1-21.] 
143 birds and eggs from the Island of Hainan, collected by Mr. John 
Whitehead. Purchased. [99. 1. 2, 19-162.] Including the types of 
7 n)ecies new to science (cf. Grant, P.Z.S., 1900, pp. 457-504, pis. xxxiii. 
and xxxiv.). 



362 Zoology. 

56 skeletons of birds, skulls, etc. [1900. 7. 6, 1-56.] 

26 eggs from St. Aignan Island in the Louisiade Archipelago, and 
41 birds from the Solomon Islands, collected by Mr. A. S. Meek. Pur- 
chased. [1900. 8. 1, 1-26; 1901. 11. 5, 1-41.1 

32 mounted Birds of Paradise, for the Exhibition GraUery. Pur- 
chased. [1901.1.12,1-32.]^ 

48 specimens from Batchian Island in the Moluccas, collected by 
Mr. Heinrich Kuhn. Purchased. [1901. 10. 5, 1-48.] 

32 specimens from Nyasaland, collected by Mr. Brown. Purchased. 
[1901. 11. 6, 1-32.] 

29 birds, collected in Pahang, Malay Peninsula, by Mr. John Water- 
stradt. Purchased. [1903. 5. 1, 1-29.] Included a specimen of ChaUui^s 
inopinatusy the new species of Peacock-Pheasant described by the Hon. 
Walter Rothschild. 

56 birds from Batchian and the Obi Islands in the Moluccas, collected 
by Mr. John Waterstradt. Purchased. [1903. 6. 2, 1-56.] 

19 birds from the Solomon Islands, collected by Mr. A. S. Meek. 
Purchased. [1903. 6. 3, 1-19.] 

44 birds from New Guinea, collected by Mr. A. S. Meek. Purchased. 
[1904. 4. 19, 1-44.1 

24 birds from the Malay Archipelago. Purchased. [1904.4.23,1-24.] 

27 birds from Batjan, collected by H. Kuhn. Purchased. [1904. 
5. 4, 1-27.] 

12 birds from Mount Madang, Moluccas. Purchased. [1904.5.6,1-12.] 

11 birds from Sarawak. Purchased. [1904. 6. 30, 1-11.] 

21 birds from the Solomon Islaods, including three species new to the 
collection, collected by A. S. Meek. Purchased. [1904. 6. 9, 1-21.] 

35 birds from the Solomon Islands, collected by Mr. A. S. Meek. Pur- 
chased. [1904.7.11,1-35.] 

37 birds from the Philippine Islands and Solomon Islands. Purchased. 
[1904. 7. 13, 1-37.] 

180 birds from the Camaroons, collected by G. L. Bates, Esq. Pur- 
chased. [1904.7.18,1-180.] 

16 birds from Solomon Islands, collected by Mr. A. S. Meek. Pur- 
chased. [1904.11.16,1-16.] 

592 birds from the Uganda Protectorate, duplicates from Mr. Jackson*s 
collection. Purchased. [1904. 11. 20, 1-592.] 

265 birds from Efuler, Camaroons, and River Ja, collected by G. L. 
Bates, Esq. Purchased. [1906. 1. 24, 1-265.] 

230 birds from Sierra Leone. Collected by Robin Kemp, Esq. 
Purchased. [1905.1.25,1-230.] 

427 eggs from Uganda, duplicates from Mr. Jackson's collection. 
Purchased. [1905. 9. 15, 1-427.] 

27 birds and 10 eggs from the Solomon Islands, collected by Mr. 
A. S. Meek. Purchased. [1905.11.25,1-37.] 

450 birds from Somaliland, collected by Mr. G. W. Bury. Purchased. 
[1905. 11. 27, 1-253; 1905. 12, 23, 1-197]. 

236 birds from Mindanao, collected by Mr. Walter Goodfellow. 
Purchased. [1905. 11. 26, 1-236.] 

Mr. Edward Gerrard has been for the last thirty-five years a natural 
history agent and taxidermist, to whom the Museum has entrusted its 
most valuable commissions and its most important work. He is the son 
of Mr. Edward Gerrard, sen., whose honourable career in the British 
Museum is one of the longest on record in that Institution. 

This old gentleman, beloved and respected by every one of us in the 
Museum, has not long retired from the service. When the Zoological 



Birds. 363 

Society transferrod its offices to Leicester Square, he entered its employ on 
the same day as the late Mr. G. R. Waterhouse, and assisted in arranging 
the Museum and making skeletons for the latter. Dr. J. E. Gray often 
visited the Society's Museum, and ultimately wrote to Mr. Gerrard 
offering him a post in the British Museum. HoAs he accepted, entering 
the service in April 1841, when Sir Henry Ellis was the Principal 
Librarian, and the national collection was stored in Montague House^ 
Bloomsbury. Here the collections were arranged in the various rooms 
in cases standing along the centre, after the manner of the present Bird 
Gallery at South Kensington. He witnessed the demolition of this 
historic building and the gradual development of the great British 
Museum at Bloomsbury imder Panizzi, as well as the ultimate removal of 
the natural history collections to their present home in the Museum in the 
Cromwell Road. His early duties consisted in assisting Dr. Gray in the 
arrangement of the old British Museimi, and especially looking after the 
oollectionB of Mammalia, Reptiles and Fish, and keeping the registers. 
Mr. Gerrard, sen., is still hale and hearty at the age of 95. 

Oestro (Pbop. R.). 

See Gbkoa Museum. 

Getting (B. H. F.). 

35 birds from British Guiana. Purchased. [97. 10. 16, 5-39.] 

Oibson (Ebnest). 

114 birds from Argentina. Presented. [1903. 12. 18, 1-114.] 
This collection has been described in the " Ibis " for 1879 and 1880. 

Oifford {Lord). 

29 birds from Tibet. Presented. [51. 7. 2, 1-29.] The types of 
Syrrhaptes tihetanus and Monti/ringUla hmmcUopvgia {cf. Gould, P.Z.S., 
1850, p. 92 ; 1851, p. 115) are included in this collection. 

Lord GiSbrd was the elder brother of the celebrated 9th Marquis of 
Tweeddale (j.v.). 

Oiglioli {Profesgar H. H.), Director of the Bayal Museum of 
Natural History at Florence, 
40 birds from Italy. Presented. [84. 7. 12, 1-25; 86. 12. 28, 1-15.] 
Dr. Giglioli has done a great work in forming a museum of the 

animals indigenous to the Italian Peninsula and islands. 

He has written some important works on Italian Ornithology. 

Gillespie (F.). 

A specimen of the St. Helena Sand-Plover (uEffialitis sancta-helena) 
and two eggs. Presented. [79. 6. 10, 1-3.] 

GiUett (Fred.). 

98 birds from Somali Land. Presented. [96. 4. 18, 1-98.] 
31 birds from Persia. Presented. [96. 12. 21, 1-31.] 
Mr. Gillett accompanied Dr. Donaldson Smith on his first celebrated 
expedition to Lake Rudolf, but was summoned home on the death of his 
father, and was not able to go the entire journey. He afterwards imder- 
took an expedition into Persia by himself. Both collections given by 
him to the Museum contained specimens of much interest. 

Gladstone (Hugh E.). 

8 specimens of Black Game in changes of plumage, from Dumfries- 
shire. Presented. [1902. 9. 2, 1-8.] 

33 nestlings and embryos of various birds. Presented. [1903.7.31,1-33.] 



364 Zoology. 

4 specimens, Black Gkime and Red Grouse, Pheasants, etc. Presented. 
[1903. 8. 6, 1; 1903. 11. 27, 1-2; 1904. 2. 2, 1.] 

5 egpfi of Bed Gronse from Dumfriesshire. Presented. [1905. 5. 
13, 1-5.J 

A nestling of the Red-necked Phalarope (Fhalaropus hyperoreui) from 
Behnullet, Go. Mayo. Presented. [1905. 7. 21, 1.] 

Olazner (C). 

142 birds from Cyprus. Purchased. [1901. 8. 20, 1-22 ; 1902. 8. 2, 

1-40; 1902. 19. 6, 1-51 ; 1903. 7. 5, 1-29.] 

30 birds from Cyprus. Purchased. [1904. 4. 18, 1-30.] 

Mr. Glazner has made several interesting collections in Cyprus, and 

discovered some new species in the island. The Museum has received 

from him a good series of Farus Cypriotes^ Pisorhina cypria^ Qarrulus 

gUusnerif and other rare birds. 

OlOBSOp (Commander John C. T.). 

9 eggs from the Campbell Islands. Presented. [1904. 10. 18, 1-9.] 
OodefEtoy Bros. 

131 birds from the Pacific Islands and the Bismarck Archipelago. 
Purchased. [77. 11. 17, 1-52 ; 78. 10. 23, 17-28; 79. 6. 2, 1-4 ; 8L 11. 
22, 1-11; 82. 7. 5, 1-30; 82. 8. 19, 1-21.] 

This well-known firm of Hambiu'g merchants employed a number of 
collectors in their service, of whom the most celebrated were Andrew 
Gkirratt, Eubary, Eleinschmidt, and others whose names are household 
words among ornithologists. Although the collections of fishes came to 
the British Museum (see Report on Fish Gollectious), only a few duplicates 
of birds reached England, out there were some very rare species among 
them, 26 being previously unrepresented in the national collection. 

Oodman (Frederic Du Cane), D.C.L., F.B.8. 

Trustee of the British Museum. 

[See also Salyin, Osbbrt.] 

N.B. — 1 have not separated the names of these two distinguished 
naturalists as donors to the British Museum. Mr. Salvin's name will 
always be associated with that of Dr. F. D. Godman, and in my notes I 
have pointed out where the donations were jointly made. 

8 birds from the Azores. Presented. [78. 7. 30, 5-12.] 

These were a few duplicates from his Azorean collection, and added 
4 species to the Museum, including a specimen of the new Bullfinch 
(Pyrrhula mwrind) discovered by him. This species is now nearly extinot. 
It was at one time so common that it descended in large numbors on the 
fruitrgardens and did great damage. Unfortunately, in suppressing its 
ravages the species has been all but wiped out. 

1914 specimens from various parts of the Old World. Presented by 
Messrs. Salvin and Godman. [79. 4. 5, 1-1858; 75. 4. 15, 1-50; 
83. 4. 21, 1-6.] 

This is a veiy interesting and historical collection, adding 4 species 
new to the collection and the type of a species new to science; it 
proved a welcome gift to the Museum, which at that time possessed 
a very poor collection of Palasarctic birds. There were numbers of 
interesting specimens procured by well-known naturalists in different 
parts of Europe. Included in this donation were birds from Northern 
Norway, obtained by Dr. F. D. Godman and his brother, Mr. Percy GK)dman 
(c/. «' Notes on the Birds observed at Bodo," " Ibis," 1861, p. 77), and the 
birds collected in Tunis by Mr. Osbert Salvin (<f. ** Birds'-nesting in the 
Eastern Atlas," " Ibis," 1859, pp. 174, 302, 352). There were also numbers 



Birds. 365 

of interesting specimens obtained from other collectors, such as those from 
Palestine (Canon TrUtram), Turkey (T. Rdbson), Asia Minor (C. G, 
Danford)y China (Constd 8w%nhoe\ Natal (T. Ayr€s\ and many others. 

To the ornithologist, however, there will always occur the interest 
surrounding the British specimens which were acquired by the donors 
during their school and college days, Mr. Salvin's being mostly collected 
around Finchley and Hampstead, while Dr. Godman's were chiefly obtained 
in the neighbourhood of Park Hatch, the family seat near Godalming. 

In this Palaearctic collection were likewise all the specimens obtained by 
Dr. F. D. Godman and Mr. Percy GKxlman in the Azores, including the 
types of Pyrrhula murina (cf. " Ibis," 1866, pp. 88, 109 ; also Dr. 
Godman's work, '* The Azores," 1870), as well as the series of birds 
obtained in Madeira and the Canaries, with the types of the new Pigeon 
discovered by Dr. Godman and named by him Cdumba boUei (ef. his 
paper, ** Notes on the Resident and Migratory Birds of Madeira and the 
Caniies,'' "Ibis," 1872, pp. 156-177, 209-224). 

3 yoxmg specimens of the Australian Cassowary (Cdsuarius amtralis). 
Presented. [80. 3. 24, 1-3.] 

These formed part of the Cockerell Collection, which was preseuted iu 
the next year. 

1394 specimens from various parts of Australia. Presented. [81. 11. 7, 
1-1315 ; 81. 13. 7, 1-38 ; 81. 12. 9, 1-41.] 

This was the celebrated Cockerell Collection. It was supposed to 
contain several new species, but these invariably turned out to be well- 
known forms from the Am Islands, where Mr. Cockerell ¥ras said to 
have be<m engaged in the pearl-fisheries. Whether this fiasco was due 
to the representations of the collector himself or to his agent in 
England will never be known, but the result was that the collection, 
badly labelled in the first place, was purchased by Dr. Godman under the 
idea that it contained several undescribed species of Australian birds, 
whereas there was not a single new species to be described. The preser- 
vation of the skins was exceUent, and to the Museum, possessed of but few 
Australian birds, its worth was inestimable. Most of the specimens were 
undoubtedly from the neighbourhood of Brisbane and from Cape York. 

22 specimens from S.E. New Guinea, collected by Mr. A. Goldie. 
[83. 4. 4, 1-22.1 

Contained the types of Pa/radisea decora and Fachycephalopsis fortis. 

6 specimens of birds from South America. Presented. [83. 4. 21, 1-6.] 

These were Virtonida presented for the purposes of the eighth volume 
of the " Catalogue of Birds." Two species, Vireo gundlacJU and IlyJophilus 
muicicapiniu, were new to the collection. 

3191 eggs. Presented. [84. 9. 2, 1-826; 85. 1. 1, 827-2162; 
85. 4. 20, 2163-3191.] 

lliis collection in a model one for all oologists. The volumes which 
accompany the donation contain the records of the various expeditions, 
donations, and exchanges by which the collection was built up, and they 
f^ow the absolutely exact method adopted by the British school of 
ornithologists in their early collecting days. This method was inaugurated 
by John Wolley and Professor Newton, and can best be studied in the 
two volumes of the "Ootheca WoUeyana," written by the last-named 
naturalist. 

The above collection, presented jointly by Dr. F. D. Godman and Mr. 
Osbert Salvin, must always remain of great historical interest to British 
ornithologists, as it contains the eggs collected by them in their young 
days, when it was possible to obtain the eggs of Ember iza cirluH, Dendro- 



366 Zoology. 

copus majoTf and Gectntts viridis at Hampstead and Fincbley in places 
long since built over. 

52120 specimens of Nearctic and Neotropical birds. Presented. 

In the year 1885 Dr. Godman and Mr. Salvin decided to present their 
wonderful collection of Neotropical birds to the nation. The first instal- 
ments were received in January of that year, and daring my absence in 
India the registration and incorporation of this great collection were 
superintended by Mr. Osbert Salvin. Separate registers for the collection 
were provided, to which reference is made below. 

(1) 669 specimens of Twdida and Mimidm (Thrushes and Mocking- 
birds). (S. G. Reg., Vol. L, pp. 1-13.) [85. 3. 2, 1-669.] 

10 types and 13 species new to the Museum. 

gl) 517 specimens of Parida and Troglodytida (Tits and Wrens). 
. Reg., Vol. I., pp. 14-23.) [85. 3. 6, 1-517.] 

18 types and 16 species new to the Museimi. 

(3) 890 specimens oiMotaciUida and MniotUtida (Wagtails, Pipits, and 
American Warblers). (S. G. Reg., VoL I., pp. 25-42.) [85. 3. 8, 1-890.] 
15 types and 15 species new to the Museum. 

g) 285 specimens of Vireonidx and Laniidm (Greenlets and Shrikes). 
. Reg., Vol. L, pp. 43-48.) [85. 3. 10, 1-285.] 
7 types and 20 species new to the Museum. 

(5) 713 specimens of Ampdidsey Hirundinidm^ and Cmrebidm (Wax- 
wings, Swallows, and American Creepers). (S. G. Reg., Vol. L, pp. 50-64.) 
[85. 3. 20, 1-40 ; 85. 3. 24, 1-209; 85. 4. 1, 1-364.] 

4 types and 4 species new to the Museum. 

(6) 1814 specimens of Tanagrida (Tanagers). (S. G. Reg., Vol. I., 
pp. 66-104.) [85. 6. 4, 1-653 ; 85. 6. 7, 1-717 ; 85. 6. 8, 1-454.] 

41 types and 48 species near to the Museum. 

(7) 2088 specimens of Ideridm and Fringillidm (Hang-nests and 
Finches). (S. G. Reg., Vol. I., pp. 107-120, 122-148.) [85. 11. 2, 1-694 ; 
85.12.14,1-1394.] 

19 types and 19 species new to the Museum. 

(8) 1073 specimens from the islands off the coast of Yucatan and 
Honduras (Gozumel, Jolbox, Ruatan, Meco, and Bonacca). (S. G. Reg., 
Vol. I., pp. 153-173.) [86. 9. 9, 1-1073.] 

2 types and 3 species new to the Museum. This collection was formed 
by Dr. G. F. Gaimier, and was an exceedingly interesting one (cf. Salvin, 
" Ibis," 1888, pp. 241-265 ; 1889, pp. 359-379 ; 1890, pp. 84-95 ; Salvin 
and GK)dman, *' Biologia Centrali- Americana, Aves.") A small collection 
from Gozumel, formed by Mr. E. G. J. De Vis, had been previously 
described by Mr. Salvin O'lbis," 1885, pp. 185-194, pi. v.), when several 
new species were named. These, however, were anticipated by Mr. Ridgway 
in his description of the collection made during the voyage of the U.S. ship 
" Albatros" (P. U.S. Nat. Mus., Vm., p. 560, 1885). 

(9) 186 specimens of Corvidm (Crows, Jays, etc.). (S. G. Reg., 
Vol. I., pp. 176-179.) [87. 3. 9, 1-186.] 

2 species new to the collection. 

(10) 2134 specimens of Trochili (Humming-Birds). (S. G. Reg., 
Vol. I., pp. 82-222.) [87. 3. 22, 1-2134.] 

17 types and 8 species new to the Museum. 

(11) 1015 specimens of Accipitres (Birds of Prey). (S. G. Reg., 
Vol. II., pp. 1-201.) [87. 5. 1, 1-1015.] 

9 types and 14 species new to the Museum. 

(12) The Henshaw Collection, consisting of 13,326 specimens, with 
3 types and 30 species new to the Museum. 



Birds. 367 

This fine collection was purchased and given to the British Museum 
by Dr. GMman. 

Many American omitholodsts have told me that they are glad 
that we have the Henshaw GolTectioD in England, and the advantage to 
students of Ornithology has been simply incalculable. Before this time 
there could not be said to be any collection of North American birds worthy 
of the name in England, but since Dr. GKxlman acquired the Henshaw 
Collection we have been able to comprehend and appreciate the work of 
our American colleagues in a manner before impossible, and the advantage 
to the writers of the '' Catalogue of Birds " cannot be over-estimated. 

An act of courtesy on the part of the authorities of the United States 
National Museum deserves grateful recognition. Professor Ridgway was 
permitted to devoto his time to the identification of the specimens with 
Mr. Henshaw, so that the collection when it arrived was found to be not 
only completely and neatly labelled, but the names attached to the species 
represented the most recent conclusions of American naturalists. These 
determinations have proved to be of immense advantage to English 
ornithologists. 

Dr. CKximan's primary object in securing the Henshaw collection was 
to have a thoroughly authentic series of North American birds for com- 
parison with his series from Mexico and Central America, and to further 
this object he shortly afterwards purchased a set of birds from Florida, 
2500 in number, collected by Mr. W. E. D. Scott. 

1866 specimens of Tyrannxdm (Tyrant-birds). (S. G. Reg., Vol. II., 
pp. 27-62). [8a 1. 1, 1-1866.] 

34 types and 107 species new to the Museum. 

976 specimens of Cotingidm (Chatterers). (S. G. Beg., Vol. II., 
pp. 67-85). [88. 1. 20, 1-976.] 

16 Types and 49 species new to the Museum. 

177 specimens of ProceHanidm (Petrels). (S. G. Reg., Vol. II., 
pp. 88-91). [88. 5. 15, 1-177.] 

9 Types and 16 species new to the Museum. 

This is the collection on which Mr. Salvin's portion of the 25th 
volume of the *' Catalogue of Birds " was based. It was got together with 
an idea of publishing a Monograph of the Frocdlariidm, 

325 specimens of Striges (Owls). S. G. Reg., Vol. II., pp. 93-99. 
[88. 7. 20, 1-325.] 

3 types and 6 species new to the collection. 

74 specimens of Cypsdi (Swifts). S. G. Reg., Vol. 11., pp. 103, 104. 
[88. 7. 30, 1-74.] 

1 type and 2 species new to the Museum. 

205 specimens of Caprimulgi (Night-jars). S. G. Reg., Vol. II., pp. 
106-109. [88. 8. 1, 1-205.] 

2 types and 1 species new to the Museum. 

635 specimens of Pici (Woodpeckers). S. G. Reg., Vol. II., pp. 112-124. 
[88. 8. 5, 1-635.] 

5 types and 44 species new to the collection. 

125 specimens of Momotidm (Mot-mots). S. G. Reg., Vol. II., pp. 
127-129. [88. 8. 10, 1-125.] 

1 type and 2 species new to the Museum. 

120 specimens of Halcyones (Kingfishers). S. G. Reg., Vol. II., pp. 
132-134. [88. 8. 16, 1-120.] 

1 type and 1 species new to the collection. 

309 specimens of Trogmes (Trogons). S. G. Reg., Vol. II., pp. 136-141. 
[88. 8. 20, 1-309.] 



368 Zoology. 

2 types and 1 species new to the Museum. 

1 14 specimens of Oalbule (Jacamars). S. G. Reg., Vol. II., pp. 144-146. 
[88.8.2,1-114.] 

1 type and 1 species new to the Musenm. 

184 specimens of Buecones (Puflf-birds). S. G. Reg., Vol II., pp. 148-151. 
[88.8.22,1-184.] 

1 type. 

224 specimens of CfucuH (Cuckoos). 8. G. Reg., Vol. II., pp. 153-157. 
[88. 8. 23, 1-224.] 

2 types and 3 species new to the Museum. 

71 specimens of Capitonea (Barbets). S. G. Reg., Vol. II., pp. 159, 
160. [88.12.20,1-71.] 

3 types and 2 species new to the Museum. 

208 specimens of Bhamphaatides (Toucans). S. G. Reg., Vol. II., 
pp. 162-165. [89. 1. 8, 1-208.] 

1 type and 1 species new to the Museum. 

538 specimens from Motto Grosso, collected by Mr. and Mrs. Herbert 
Smith. 8. G. Reg., Vol. IL, pp. 166-176. [89. 1. 16, l-63a] 

This was the second set of the birds procured by those truly wonderful 
collectors Mr. Herbert 8mith and Mrs. I)aisy W. 8mith. The collection 
formed the subject of a memoir by Prof. J. A. Allen in the " Bulletin ** of 
the American Museum of Natural History, Vols. III., pp. 837-380; IV., 
pp. 331-350; V., pp. 107-158. 

2 species new to the Museum. 

503 specimens of Fsittaci (Parrots). (8. G. Reg., Vol. II., pp. 178- 
187.) [89.1.30,1-503.] 

14 types and 19 species new to the Museum. 

482 specimens of Columbi/ormea (Pigeons). (8. G. Reg., Vol. IL, 
pp. 189-198.) [89. 2. 12, 1-482.] 
2 types and 2 species new to the Museum. 

This collection consisted of Pigeons of the Old World, which had been 
gathered together by Messrs. Salvin and GKnlman with a view of writing 
a monograph of the Columbiformes. The working out of the *• Biologia," 
however, occupied the whole time of the authors, and left no leisure for 
monographs, so that the collection of Pigeons was handed over to the 
Museum to aid Count 8alvadori in writing the twenty-first volume of the 
"Catalogue of Birds.'' 

564 Pigeons of the New Worid. (8. G. Reg., Vol II., pp. 199-209.) 
[89. 4. 20, 1-564.] 

10 types and 21 species new to the Museum. 

845 specimens of Dendrocolaptidm (8pine-tails). (8. G. Reg., Vol. II., 
pp. 210-226.) [89. 5. 14, 1-845.] 

7 types and 56 species new to the Museum. 

With this collection the second volume of the Salvin-Godman Registers 
concludes. Vol. III. is devoted to the Henshaw collection. 

In the early part of 1889 the supplementary collections from Mexico 
began to arrive in England, the result of Dr. Godman's visit to that 
country in 1887. In the last-Darned year he made a special expedition to 
Mexico, in which he was joined by Mr. and Mrs. Elwes, for the purpose 
of exploring some of the districts on the northern frontier of the Neo- 
tropical region. Besides working very hard himself, he engaged the 
services of several other good collectors, among the number beii^ Mr. and 
Mrs. Herbert 8mith, Mr. W. Lloyd, Manuel Trujillo, and ifi*. W. B. 
Richardson. The latter was afterwards employed by Dr. GKximan for 
nearly ten years in travelling through the various mountain ranges of 



Birds. 369 

Central America, and not only has he explored Mexico in various 
directions, and visited nearly every province, but he has also collected 
in San Salvador, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Honduras. 

Mr. W. Lloyd worked for Dr. Gkxlman in Sonora and Chihiiahua, 
Mr. and Mrs. Smith in Guerrero and the adjoining States, and Trujillo in 
Vera Cruz, while at the same time Mr. F. B. Armstrong, who made most 
beautiful skins, visited Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas. From this collector 
Dr. Gbdman also purchased a very fine series of birds from Texas, 
principally from the neighbourhood of Corpus Christ! and Brownsville. 

386 specimens of QaUif wines, [89. 6. 1, 1-386.] (S. G. Reg., Vol. II., 
pp. 228-236.) 

8 types and 5 species new to the Museum. 

Vol. IV. of the Salvin-Godman Registers is occupied with the registra- 
tion of the Salvin-Godman collection, keeping pace with the later volumes 
of the " Catalogue,** which contain the Rails, Herons, eta, the specimens 
of which groups were sent to the Museum as they were required by 
the authors. In this register, therefore, not only is the main collection 
included, but also the additional material received from the Mexican 
travellers. 

138 specimens of Aonipitres. Supplementary collection. (S. G. Reg., 
Vol. IV., pp. 1-3.) [89. 4. 4, 1-136.] 

1026 spedmeus of Formicariidm (Ant-birds). (S. G. Reg., Vol. 14, 
pp. 6-25.) [89. 7. 10, 1-1026.] 

21 types and 72 species new to the Museum. 

260 6!3ecimens of Mctttiformes (Rails, Coots, etc.). (S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., 
pp. 27-3i.) [89. 4. 20, 1-260.] 

6 types and 9 species new to the Museum. 

413 specimens of Accipitres. 2nd Supplementary collection. (S. G. 
Reg., VoL IV., pp. 36-42.) [90. 4. 28, 1-413.] 

3 types and 4 species new to the Museum. 

181 specimens of Striges (Owls). Supplementary collection. (S. G. 
Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 43, 46.) [90. 5. 16, 1-181.] 

442 specimens of Corvidm (Crows). Supplementary collection. (S. G. 
Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 47-56.) [90. 6. 30, 1-442.] 

2 species new to the Museum collection. 

693 spedmens of Twrdidm. (S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 66, 67.) [90. 
6. 20, 1-593.] 

1 species new to the Museum collection. 

1206 specimeus of Troglodytidm. (S. G. Reg., VoL IV., pp. 69-92.) 
[90. 12. 20, 1-1206.] 

1 type and 2 species new to the Museum. 

210 specimens from various islands in the West Indies, presented by 
Mr. C. B. Cory. (S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 94-97.) [91. 1. 26, 1-210.] 

9 species new to the Museum collection. 

666 specimens of Laridm (Gulls). (S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 98-101, 
164-171.) [91. 6. 22, 1-162 ; 91. 10. 30, 1-404.] 

346 skeletons of birds. (S. G. Reg., IV., pp. 102-107.) [91. 7. 20, 
1-346.] 

42 specimens of German birds sent by Count von Berlepsch in 
exchange. [91. 9. 20, 1-42.] 

392 specimens of PartcUa (Tits, etc.). Supplementary collection. 
(S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 108-115.) [91. 10. 10, 1-392.] 

3 species new to the Museum. 

1480 specimens of Charadriiformes (Wading-birds). (8. G. Reg., 
Vol. IV., pp. 116-144.) [91. 10, 20, 1-1480.] 

VOL. JI, 2 B 



370 Zoology. 

2 types and 3 species new to the Museum. 

336 specimens of OalUformes (Ghmie-birda). (S. G. Reg., IV., pp. 
145-151.) [91, 10. 21, 1-236.] 

5 species new to the Museum. 

625 specimens of Colwmbiformes (Pigeons). Supplementary collection. 
(S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 152-162.) [91. 10. 26, 1-525.] 

628 specimens of Laniidm and Vireonidm (Shrikes and Greenlets). 
Supplementary collection. (S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 173-185.) [91.11. 
3, 1-628.] 

229 specimens of Balli/ormes (Rails). Supplementary collectioa 
(S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., 187-191.) [91. 11. 4, 1-229.] 

1 species (Ballus 8cotH\ new to the Museum. 

254 specimens from the West India Islands, presented by Mr. C. B. 
Cory. (S. G. Reg., IV., pp. 202-206.) [92. 1. 12. 1-254.] 

6 new to the Museum. 

270 specimens of Trogonidm (Trogons). (S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 
193-197.) [91. 11. 10, 1-270.] 

57 specimens of Certhiida: (Creepers). Supplementary collection. 
(S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 198, 199.J [92. 1. 11, 1-57.] 

305 specimens from British Guiana, collected by Henry Whitely. 
(S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 208-213.) [92. 1. 16, 1-305.] 

284 specimens of Grebes {Podicipedida) and Divers (Colymhidse), 
(S. G. Reg., Vol IV., pp. 215-220.] [92. 1. 20, 1-284.] 

The type of the Flightless Grebe (Centropelma micropterum), 

488 specimens of Geese and Ducks (Anseriformes), (S. G. Rge., 
Vol. IV., pp. 221-230.) [92. 2. 1, 1-488.] 

4 types and 2 species new to the Museum. 

100 specimens of Partdm (Tits). Supplementary collection. (S. G. 
Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 232, 233.) [92. 3. 1, 1-100.] 

405 Wagtails and Pipits {Motacillid«\ Swallows rfTtninc^tnu/jB), Chat- 
terers (Ampelidm), Supplementary collection. (S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 
235-242.) [92. 3. 20, 1-405.] 

2 species new to the Museum. 

2494 specimens of American Warblers {MnioHltidm), (S. G. Reg., 
Vol. VI., pp. 243-289.) [90. 4. 1, 1-2454 ; 94. 6. 1, 1-40.] 

187 specimens of Tinamous (Tinamidm), (S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 
290-293.) [92. 6. 9, 1-187.] 

5 types and 10 species new to the Museum. 

956 specimens of Cranes (Grui/ormes) and Herons (Ardei/ormes). 
(S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 294-312.) [92. 2. 1, 1-956.] 

The type of Salmon s Tiger-Bittern (Tigrisoma salmont). 

1245 specimens of Tamigridm from Mexico, Guatemala, and Nicaragua. 
Supplementary collection. (S. G. Reg., Vol IV., pp. 317-340.) m. 
7. 1, 1-1245.] 

136 specimens from British Guiana, collected by the late Henry 
Whitely, including the types of Hapalocercus 8triaticM>8, Capsiemms 
caudotay and Todirostrum pictum (cf Salvin, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, Xll., 
pp. xv.-xvu., 1897). (S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 342-344.) [95. 11. 
27, 1-136.] 

85 specimens of Accipitres and Striges from Mexico, etc. Supplementary 
collection. (S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 345, 346.) [96. 5. 9, 1-85.] 

480 specimens from Peru, collected by 0. T. Baron, including 
15 species new to the national collection, and 12 types of species new 
to science (cf, Salvin, Nov. Zool., II., pp. 1-22, pis. i., ii., 1895). (S. G. 
Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 347-356.) [96. 10. 6, 480.] 



Birds. 371 

245 specimens of Parrots from Mexico and Central America. Supple- 
mentary collection. (8. G. Reg., Vol.IV., pp. 364-368.) [96.12.1,1-245.] 

200 specimens of Goatsuckers {Caprimulgidm) from Texas and Mexico. 
Supplementary collection. (S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 370-373.) [97. 2. 
1, 1-200.] 

262 specimens of Cuckoos (CucuUdx) from Mexico and Guatemala. 
Supplementary collection. (S. G. Reg., Vol. IV., pp. 375-380.) [97. 4. 
1, 1-262.] 

510 specimens of Turdidm, Troglodytidm^ Mimidm^ etc., from Mexico, 
Guatemala, and Nicaragua. Supplementary collection. 2 types of species 
new to science and 2 new to the Museum. (S. G. Reg., IV., pp. 381- 
390.) [97.10.1,1-510.] 

298 specimens from the Lesser Antilles, collected by Mr. and Mrs. H. H. 
Smith, includini; 3 new to the national collection. (S. G. Beg., IV., 
pp. 411-416.) [98. 2. 8, 1-298.] 

14 specimens from Colombia, et<;., with 3 types and 5 new to the 
Museum. (S. G. Ree., IV., p. 417.) [98.3.12,1-14.] 

990 specimens of Woodpeckers [Picida], princii»lly from Mexico. 
(S. G. Reg., IV., pp. 418-437.) [98. 3. 14, 1-990.] 

The type of Mdanerpes canescens^ Salvin. 

321 specimens of various species from California, Texas, etc., received 
from Mr. C. K. Worthen. (S. G. Reg. IV., pp. 440-446.) [98. 7. 12, 
1-304; 1900.2.26,1-17.1 

8 species new to the Museum. 

Dr. F. D. Godman was bom at Park Hatch, near Godalming, in 
Surrey, in 1834. He was educated at Eton and at Cambridge. While 
at the University he became acquainted with Osbert Salvin and Professor 
Newton and his brother. Sir Edward Newtoo, and, with them and a few 
other kindred spirits, he assisted in founding the British Ornithologists' 
Union, with its journal, the " Ibis." 

Having been prevented by an accident from joining Canon Tristram 
and Mr. ^vin in their expedition to Algeria in the spring of 1857, he 
went with his brother Percy to BodO in northern Norway, where the 
travellers made a good collection of birds and eggs, taking several nests of 
the Great Snipe. Crossing thence from Alten they visited John Wolley 
at Munioniska, where be was then living, and, descending the Tomea River 
to the Gulf of Bothnia, they afterwards visited StockhoGo, St. Petersburg, 
Moscow and Nishni Novgorod, before returning to England. 

In August, 1861, Dr. Grodman went with Mr. Sdvin to Guatemala, 
remaining a month in Jamaica en route. A year was spent in Guatemala, 
collecting birds and insects in various parts of the country. While there 
they instructed some natives in the art of preserving bird-skins, and by 
these pupils several collections were afterwards despatched to England. 
The best known of these collectors was Enrique Arcd, who did some 
excellent work in Costa Rica and Panama. 

Dr. Godman returned home in 1862, and in 1865 he went to the 
Azores, visitiog the islands of St. Michael, Terceira, Fayal, Pico, Flores 
and Corvo, and making a good collection of birds and insects, discovering 
a new species of Bullfinch, Pyrrhula murina. In 1871 he spent three 
months in the Canaries, visiting Tenerife, Palma, and Gran Canaria, but, 
in consequence of the prevalence of small-pox, communication between 
the islands was difficult. 

In 1886 Dr. Godman joined Mr. H. J. Elwes in an expedition to 
Native Sikhim, and as in the autumn of 1887 he had to go abroad for 
the benefit of his health, he started for Mexico, taking with him the 

2 B 2 



372 Zoology. 

well-known collectors, Mr. H. H. Smith and Mr. W. B. Kichardson. A 

rl series ot birds was obtained, chiefly in S.E. Mexico, but after 
(7odman*8 departure, he employed a number of collectors, who explored 
different parts of Mexico, and sent home larg^ collections. 

Qodman (Percy). 

Brother of the above-mentioned F. D. Godman, and his companion on 
several ornithological expeditions. 

Qodwin-Aosten {Colonel H. H.). 

3582 specimens from the Hills of N.E. Bengal (Naga, Miri, Dafla, 
Khasi, Garo Hills, and Manipur, etc.). [71. 1. 13, 1-5 ; 76. 5. 3, 1 ; 
76. 5. 22, 2; 78. 10. 14, 1-8; 95. 7. 14, 1-3329; 96. 7. 13, 1-10; 99. 

5. 31, 1-78; 1900. 10. 10, 1-147.] 

The results of Colonel GK>dwin-Austen*8 explorations in the Naga Hills 
and the other hill-ranges of the N.E. frontier of India have been 
described by him in the '' Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal " 
(xxxix., pp. 91-112, 264-275, 1870; xli., pp. 142-143,^1872; xliii., 
pp. 151-180, pis. iv.-x., 1874). The Hume Collection contained a 
good series of specimens from Manipur, but had not a great many from 
(he above-mentioned localities, so that Colonel Godwin-Austen's series 
proyed to be a very valuable addition to the British Museum. There 
were many types of the species described by him in his Memoirs, and a 
series of birds supplementing the great Hume Collection. 

Ooldie (A.). 

42 birds from S. E. New Guinea. [80. 6. 23, 1-42.] 

2 types (Oeocichla paptiensist Seeb., Cat. B., v., p. 158, pi. z.; 

OHdiphaps regaHs^ Salvin and Godman, '' Ibis," 1880, p. 364, pi. xL), 

and five species new to the collection. 

Goldie was a botanical collector, who penetrated from Port Moresby 

CO the Astrolabe Bange in British New Guinea, where the Goldie River is 

named after him. Another collection was purchased from Mr. Edward 

Oerrard. 

Gomez (Ramon). 

A naturalist in Tenerife. 

Qoodfellow (Walter), 
Set Gebbabd, E. 
2 types of Hdianthea haimlioni from Ecuador. Presented. [1900. 

6. 29, 1-2.] 

Goodwin (A. P.). 

36 birds from the Richmond Kiver, N.S. Wales. Purchased. [80. 
4. 2, 1-36.] One species new to the collection. Presented. [97. 11. 
6, 39-40.] 

GKx)dwin was a Dane, who made excellent skins of birds, and procured 
several interesting species for the Museum. 

His notes on the Paradise Birds of British New Guinea were published 
in the "Ibis," 1890, pp. 150-156. 

See also Gebbard, E. 

Gordon {Sir Arthub H., now Lord Stanmore). 

13 birds from the Fiji Islands. Presented. [85. 12. 24, 1-13.] 



Birds. 373 

Gordon-Camming (Hon. Mrs.). 

10 specimens of Australian birds. Presented. [1902. 11. 16, 1-10.] 

Oosse (Phiup Henbt). 

169 birds from Jamaica. Purchased. [45. 4. 29, 1-4; 47. 6. 8, 1-21.] 
Types of Anas maxima, Gosse = Cairina moschata x Anas boscas^ cf, 
Salvad., Cat. xxvii., p. 53 ; Egretta ruficollis, Gosse ; Cyanopterus inomattUf 
60686= QuerquedtUa discors (Linn.), cf. Salvad., Cat. xxvii., p. 299; 
Ephialtes grammicus, Gosse ; Rallus concolor, Gosse ; Myiobius stdidus, 
Gtwse ; LateriroXlus gossei, Bp. = Porzana flaviventris (Bodd.), t^f. Sbarpe, 
Cat. xxiii., p. 110 ; Myiobius tristisy Grosse = Blacicus barbirostris 
(Swains.), c/. Scl. Cat. xiv., p. 244; Elainea cotta, Gosse; Myiobius 
paUiduSy Gosse ; Sylvicola pannosa, Gosse = Dendrceoa cmrulescens (Gm.), 
efi Sharpe, Cat. x., p. 829; Sylvicola eoa, Gosse; 8. pharetraj Gosse; 
birundo euchrysea, Gosse ; apermophUa adooca^ 6K)sse = Fhonipara 
lepida (Jacq.), ef, Sharpe, Cat. xiL, p. 145; Spermophila anoxantha, 
Gosse ; Coiumiculus tixicruSy Gh>sse = Ammodromus savannarum (Gm.), 
if. Sharpe, Cat. xii., p. 687. [47. 6. 9, 1; 47. 6. 16, 1-109; 47. 8. 30, 
1-15; 47.10.11,6-14.] 

Goose's " Birds of Jamaica** is still the standard work on the birds of 
this island, and the specimens above recorded are doubtless the material 
en which Ids descriptions were founded. Unfortimately they have much 
deteriorated, having been mounted for many years in the British Museum 
Gralleries at Bloomsbury, and ruined by exposure to light and dust. A 
good series of Jamaican Birds is a great desideratum to the Museum. 

Some of his birds appear to have been sent to Hugh Cuming (vide 
antea, p. 333). (C/. Diet. Nat. Biogr., xxii., pp. 258-260.) 

Oough (Earl). 

6 birds from Buenos Ayres. Presented. [1904. 4. 5, 1-6.] 

Gould (John), F.B.8. 

97 birds from Brazil. Presented. [37. 3. 15, 60-153, 158-160.] 

38 Humming Birds. Presented. [37. 3. 6, 639-676.] 

78 birds from South Australia. Presented. [37. 4. 4, 418-495.] 
126 specimens, principally from Brazil and India. Purchased. [37. 5. 13, 

100-211; [38. 5. 12, 103-117.] 

97 birds and nests chiefly from Australia. Presented. [38. 1. 19, 208- 

229, 232-244 ; 41. 3, 540-541 ; 41. 6, 1669-1671 (Australian birds) ; 42. 12. 

21, 11-20 (nests of Australian birds); 43. 4. 4, 1-43 (nests of Australian 

birds); 43. 12. 30, 18-20 (types of Coryphilus dryas, Gould; Halcyon 

saurophagus, Gould).] 

100 birds from various localities, but chiefly from Tamaulipas, Eastern 

Mexico. 38. 5. 12, 1-100.] 

26 birds from Jamaica. Presented. [44. 1. 22, 20; 44. 1. 23, 4-7; 

44. 5. 16, 2-21.] 

280 birds and 91 eggs from Australia. Purchased. [41. 6, 990-1098, 

1269-1501, 1669-1671 ; 44. 2. 10, 92-117.] 

14 birds from South America. Purchased. [44. 12. 12, 1-14.] 

65 Humming Birds. Purchased. [63. 5. 17, 1-34; 53. 11. 28, 1-21.] 

149 specimens, mostly Rhamphastidm (Toucans). Purchased. [53. 

12.26,1-86; 54.5.25,1-12.] 

39 birds from Guatemala and Brazil. Purchased. [54. 12. 20, 1-29]. 
43 birds from various localities. Purchased. [55. 11. 6, 1-43.] 
Includes the types of Formioarius erythropterus, Monarcha UucoHs^ 



374 Zoology. 

ThamnophUus mdanvrus, Ptilotis JUigera^ Bourderia fulgtdigula^ Ar- 
remon erythrorhynchus, Cindosoma casta/noihorax. 

113 birds from Europe and South America. Purchased. [55. 12. 17, 
1-101 ; 56. 10. 28, 1-12.] 

The type of Ftilopus eugenim (Gould), P.Z.8., 1856, p. 137 (Solomon 
IslandsV Presented. [56. 10. 14, 15.] 

90 birds from various localities. Purchased. [57. 10. 16, 1-71 ; 67. 
11. 11, 1-19.] 

4 Humming Birds. Purchased. [57. 11. 20, 1-4.] 

251 birds, chiefly from South America. Purchased. [57. 11. 28, 
1-251.] 

127 birds from AshantL Purchased, [58. 1. 4, 1-127.] 

On this collection was founded the record of the locality ** Ashanti," 
which so often occurs in Hartlaub's '' Omithologie West-Afrika's," on the 
authority of specimens in the British Museum, but 1 greatly doubt if any 
of them came from Ashanti proper. They seem to me to be all skins of 
the ordinary Fanti make, and were probably preserved by Aubimu, a 
professional negro hunter, who in Governor Ussher's time, some twelve 
years later, was an old man, but stiU an active collector ; he ultimately 
died of small-pox. Among the specimens thus procured from Mr. Gould 
were several interesting additions to the Museum collection. 

40 specimens from various localities. Purchased. [58. 3. 5, 1-8; 
58.6.25,9-38; 58.9.7,6 7. 

38 birds, mostly from South America and Australia. Purchased. 
[58. 12. 2, 1-38.] 

236 birds, nests and eggs, mostly from South America. Purchased. 
[59. 3. 25, 28-84 (Falkland Islands); 59. 6. 6, 2-79; 59. 6. 29, 1-36; 
69. 7. 6, 1-65 (Indian eggs).] 

Some eggs are from Mexico, but the registering is faulty, and many 
have no lo^ity at all. The type of Oavia roseiventris of Gould is also 
included in this purchase (P.Z.S., 1859, p. ^l^ — Larus glauoodes, Meyer. 
{Cf. Saunders, Cat. B., xxv., p. 200.) 

15 nests from Epping. Presented. [59. 7. 6, 66-80.] 

93 birds from various localities. Purchased. [60. 1. 16, 1-93.] 

2 types, Otocorys penicOlata (cf. Gould, P.Z.S., 1837, p. 126), and 
Buticilla erythroprocta (cf. Gould, P.Z.S., 1856, p. 78). 

92 birds from South America (chiefly Ecuador and Amazonia). 
Purchased. [60. 11. 26, 1-92.] 

I type (Toccus hartiaubi) and 1 (ITiamnopInlus corvinus) new to the 
Museum. 

176 Humming Birds. Purchased. [61. 11. 11, 1-176.] 

II birds from South America. Purchased. [61. 11. 11, 177-187.] 
Includes the type of Chordeiles pusillus and a specimen of Moho 

ndbilis, 

10 specimens of birds and 22 eggs from various localities. Purchased. 
[62.6.22,1-32.] 

3 specimens of birds and 13 sets of eggs from N.W« America. 
Purchased. [62.11.4,1-16.] 

6 specimens of birds from West Africa. Purchased. [64. 2. 7, 1-5.] 

Includes the type of Smithomts rufilaterdlis. Gray, P.Z.S., 1864, 
p. 143, pi. xvi. 

115 sets of eggs and 105 birds from various localities. Purchased. 
[65. 2. 3, 1-115; 67. 3. 16, 1-105.] 

Among these birds were the nestlings figured by Gould in his " Birds 
of Great Britain," and several hybrid Game-birds. 



Birds. 375 

168 birds from various localities. Purchased. [68. 1. 27, 1-41 ; 69. 
6. 4, 1-102 (Humming Birds); 69. 6. 9, 1-25 (Samoan birds).] 

In these purchases the Museum acquired from Mr. Gould several 
valuable types of species which be was then figuring in his " Supplement ** 
to the " Birds of Australia," such as Malurus hypoleucm^ Oerygone 
penanata, Cydopsittcicus coxeniy Oeopsittacus occidentalis, and Cacomantis 
ccutaneiventris, 

150 specimens, mostly Humming Birds. Purchased. [72. 5. 28, 
28-77.] 

The type of Otidipham ndbilis is included in this purchase. 
2 specimens of the Gyr-Falcon (JEierofaJco gyr/oUco) from Lapland 
and West Finmark. Presented. [72. 11-8, 1-2.] 

These were two of WoUey's specimens lent for the purpose of 
illustration in the "Birds of Great Britain." (C/l Newton, Ootheca 
WoReyanOy p. 94.) 

20 specimens of Acdpitres. Purchased. [72. 11. 8, 3-22]. 
Some of these are the originals of the plates in the " Birds of Great 
Britain." 

97 Accipitres from various localities. Presented. [73. 6. 6, 
1-97]. 

Including the type of Femis celebensis. 
18 birds from Australia. Purchased. [75. 11. 8, 1-18]. 
4 types of species, Strepera melanoptera, Uracticus cinereus, C. argenteus^ 
and C crissalis, 

100 specimens, principally from Europe and various parts of Asia. 
Purchased. [76. 1. 7, 1-100]. 

6316 specimens of birds. Purchased. [81. 5. 1, 1-6315]. 
This was Gould's private collection of birds, and was purchased by 
the Trustees after his death. It contained a large number of interesting 
species, 22 of which were new to the collection, as well as 59 types. 

1155 eggs. Purchased. [84. 10. 1, 1-268; 84. 11. 20, 269-579; 
85. 1. 8, 580-1264; 85. 3. 1, 1265-1687; 85. 7. 21, 1688-1736]. 

This collection of eggs was purchased at the same date as the bird-skins, 
but was not registered until some time after. It contained a number of 
Australian eggs which were new to the collection. 

93 Humming Birds, with 8 types. Purchased. [88. 7. 25, 1-59; 
90. 10. 14, 1-34]. 

lliis was the commencement of the registration of the Gk)uld Collection 
of Humming Birds, which was never completed. 

For Goiild's biography, reference may be made to the memoir published 
by me in my " Andytical Index to the Works of the late John Gould," in 
1893, and to the " Dictionary of National Biography " (vol. xxii., p. 287). 
Both these works give a full account of his labours, and especiaUy of his 
epoch-making journey to the Antipodes. His collection of Australian 
birds " comprised examples of both sexes of nearly every known species, 
1800 specimens in all, in various stages of plumage, each carefully 
labelled with the scientific name and the name of the place where killed." 
The expedition to Australia cost Gould £2000, and he ofiTered the collection, 
with its numbers of priceless types, to the Trustees of the British Museum 
of that day, for £1000. The ofifer was declined, and Gould, in a fit of 
chagrin, allowed Dr. Thomas Wilson of Philadelphia to buy the whole 
collection for £1000 ; it has since been one of the greatest treasures of the 
Academy of Natural Science in that town. {Cf, Gassin's Report on, the 
Ornithological Collection, Proc. Acad. Philad., 1849, pp. 256-260 ; Witmer 
Stone, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad., 1899, pp. 5-63.) 



376 Zoology. 

Qould {Dr. Henry). 

Eldest son of John Gould. He was in the Indian Medical Service, 
and sent some collections of hirds and eggs from Sind to his father. 

Graham (R). 

80 specimens from Para. Presented. [45. 8. 25, 24-114.] 

Graham (Sir R. J.), Bart. 

3 hvhrid Ducks (Anas boscas x A. strepera). Presented. [1905. 11. 
20,1-3.] 

A remarkahle hyhrid Drake (Anas hoscas x Marcea pendope x Dafila 
acuta). Presented. [1905. 12. 5, 1.] 

Orandidier (Alfred). 

3 hirds from Madagascar. Presented. [73. 6. 7, 63-65.J 
M. Grandidier for many years devoted himself to the exploration of 
Madagascar, and puhlished, with Professor Alphonse Milne-Edwards, a 
monumental work, " Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Mada- 
gascar.** 

A considerahle numher of Mammalia were presented hy him to the 
British Museum, but only three birds, Coua coquerdi, C. gigas, and C, 
ruficeps^ passed into the collection ; these he kindly gave me on my first 
visit to Paris in 1873. 

Grant (Claude H. B.). 

Was an excellent taxidermist in the Museum, and with Seimund (^.v.) 
joined the Imperial Yeomanry during the last Boer war. The two 
troopers made a splendid collection of natural history objects in the 
neighbourhood of Deelfontein (rf. Sharpe, Ibis, 1904, pp. 1-29, 313-367, 
pi. viii.). He has since been travelling and collecting in various parts of 
South Africa for Mr. C. D. Rudd (q.v,). 

Grant (W. R. Ogilvie-). 
See Ogilvib-Gbant. 

Gray (Major Anstrutheb). 

5 specimens of the Cereopsis Goose. Presented. [1905. 1. 17, 1-5.] 

Gray (Ca^U David). 

13 birds from the Arctic Seas. Presented. [93. 10. 8, 1-13.] 
Saxicola omanthe and Pledrophenax nioalis are among these speci- 
mens, procured in long. 4° E., lat. 79° 30' N. 

Gregory (Sir A. C). 

See also Elset, J. R. 

26 birds from the Gregory Expedition to N.W. Australia. Presented. 
[56. 12- 24, 1-26.] 

Gregory, accompanied by Dr. F. von Mueller as botanist, made expe- 
ditions into N. W. Australia from 1855-58. (Cf. Who's Who, 1905, p. 662.) 

Gregory (Dr. J. W.). 

7 birds from Equatorial Africa. Presented. [94. 12. 21, 1-7.] 
These few specimens were obtained during Dr. Gregory's well-known 

expedition to the Rift Valley in Equatorial Africa in 1892-93. 



Birds. 377 

Orey {Sir George). 

60 birds from West Australia. Presented. [40. 10. 13, 1-62.] 

373 birds, mainly from South Australia. Presented. [43. 1. 4, 1-35 ; 
43. 6. 14, 1-3; 43. 7. 14, 1-267; 44. 9. 3, 32-59; 44. 12. 18, 1-3; 
45. 11. 7, 1-37.] 

95 birds and eggs from New Zealand. Presented. [47. 1. 8, 1-44 ; 
51. 7. 18, 1-45 ; 52. 1. 20, 1-6 ; 54. 5. 31, 1-14.1 

14 birds from the Loyalty Islands. Presented. [54. 5. 31, 1-14.] 

Contains the typo of Myiagra viridinitens. Gray ; Aplonis aironitens, 
Gray ; Zosterops rndanopa^ Gray. 

Sir George Grey always took an active interest in natural history, and 
many of the Australian birds which he presented were obtained by 
Mr. Gould, with whom he was on terms of friendship all his life. 

Cf. Diet Nat. Biogr., Suppl. II., pp. 357-361. 

Ombbe {Admiral Sir Walter Hunt). 

2 specimens of Delegorgue's Quail {Cotumix ddegorguei) from St. 
Thomas Island, W. Africa. Presented. [1905. 11. 9, 1-2.] 

Oueinzius (Dr.). 
See Stevens, S. 
Dr. Gueinzius was an early collector in Mozambique and Natal, and 
his specimens are mentioned by the late Mr. J. H. Gumey in his first 
memoirs on the ornithology of the latter country {cf, "Ibis,*' 1859, 
pp. 234-251). The Accipitrts were purchased by Mr. Gumey for the 
Norwich Museum, but the bulk of the other specimens passed into the 
British Museum. 

Guillemard (F. H. H.). 

A very well-known traveller and naturalist who discovered many 
new species of birds during the voyage of the Marchesa to the Malay 
Archipelago, 1881-84. He has also made collections in Cyprus (cf. Lord 
Lilford, postea, p. 413). 

GuUiver (H.). 

See RoTAL Society. 
Mr. Gulliver was the naturalist appointed to the Transit of Venus 
Expedition to Rodriguez. He procured skins of Bebromis rodericanus 
and Foudia flavtcans, with their nests and eggs {cf, Sharpe, Phil. Trans., 
extra vol. 168, pp. 459-469, 1879). 

Qnnn (Ronald). 

158 birds from Tasmania. Presented. [38. 1. 15, 48-205.] 

This collection, comprising a very complete series of Tasmanian birds, 

has now almost perished, the specimens having all been mounted for years 

in the public galleries. ^ 

Giinther {Dr. Albert C. L.), F.B.S. 

Collection of osteological specimens. 

7 birds from Pagham Harbour, Sussex. Presented. [72. 10. 2, 1-7.1 

37 specimens of Gulls and Ck)rmorant8 from Fowey, Cornwall. 
Presented. [76. 10. 21, 1-27 ; 78. 10. 4, 1-10.] 

12 specimens of Guillemots, etc., from St. David's, Pembrokeshire. 
Presented. [81. 9. 30, 1-7 ; 82. 9. 18, 1-5.] 

31 specimens of old and young Cormorants and Shags from Fowey, 
ComwalL [84. 1. 29. 1-12; 88. 10. 15, 1-19.] 



378 Zoology. 

15 specimens of Terns and other shore-birds from Norfolk. Presented. 
[89. 3. 11, 1-15.] 

Dr. Gunther was Keeper of the Zoological Department for twenty 
years, and took a keen interest in ornithology. Daring his keepership 
the groups illustrating the nesting of British birds were commenced and 
carried out under his direction. Some of them were also presented by him. 
Dr. Giinther likewise initiated and carried through the ''Catalogue of 
Birds,** which was completed in twenty-seven volimies. 

Gumey (John Henry). 

5 specimens of Cathartes aura^ etc., from California. Presented. 
[73. 7. 19, 19-23.] 

44 birds from the Transvaal. Presented. [76. 6. 5, 1-26; 78. 6. 18, 
1-18.] Including a specimen of OeocicJUa gumeyi, which was new to 
the collection. 

Mr. Gumey was the greatest authority on the Accipitres of his day, 
and it was through his exertions that the magnificent collection of Birds 
of Prey was formed at Norwich. He told me that the way in which this 
collection came to be made was through a curious accident. When it was 
resolved to give up the museum of the Zoological Society an agent was 
entrusted with some money to buy a selection of the birds for the Norwich 
Museum. The sale commenced in scientific sequence with the Acdpitres^ 
and the agent bid with diligent persistence until all his money was gone, 
with the result that he Iwught only Birds of Prey. With this foun- 
dation Gumey determined to devote himself to a special study of these 
birds, and made the collection of Accipitres at Norwich the most famous 
in the world. He also took particular interest in the omithology of 
South Africa, and wrote many papers in the " Ibis " on the biras of 
Natal and the Transvaal, based on the collections made by Mr. Thomas 
Ayres (q.v.), A list of Mr. Guroey's papers is given in my edition of 
Layard*8 "Birds of South Africa,*' p. xui. He also edited the "Birds of 
Damara-Land," from the MSS. left by C. J. Andersson (?.v.). 

Qumey (John Henry), Jun. 

63 birds from Egypt. Presented. [76. 1. 22, 1-18 ; 81. 10. 24, 1-48] 
(cf. Ibis, 1871, pp. 68-86, 289-301). 

541 specimens from the Transvaal. Presented, [90. 10. 16, 1-446 ; 
90. 12. 20, 1-96.] 

This was a donation of a portion of the African collection formed by 
his late father during the latter's life-time. It included many valuable 
specimens, the series being divided between the British Museum and 
Canon Tristram, whose share has now passed with the rest of his great 
collection into the Liverpool Museum. 

Habel {Dr. A.). 

63 birds from the Galapagos Islands. Purchased. [75. 4. 2, 1-63.] 
Dr. Habel was a well-known explorer of the Galapagos, and nis 
collection was described by Messrs. Sclater and Salvin (P.Z.S., 1870, 
pp. 322-327), when 7 new species were named. The bulk of Dr. Habel's 
birds, with the types of the new species, was purchased by Dr. GKxlman ; 
and the collection formed part of the ground-work of Mr. Salvin's memoir 
on the "Birds of the Galapagos" (Trans. Z. S., ix., pp. 447-510, pis. 
Ixxxiv.-lxxxix.). 



Birds. 379 

Haggard (W. H. D.). 

()7 birds from the Andes of Ecuador. Presented. [94. 2. 15, 1-67.1 
Mr. Haggard has been H.B.M. Resident Minister in Ecuador, 
Venezuela, and the Argentme Republic. The birds presented by him 
were collected by his friend Mr. L. Soderstrom, the Swedish Consul in 
Ecuador, who has himself also given some valuable birds to the Museum. 

Haigh (George Henry Caton). 

17 specimens of Siumus vulgaris from Tetney, Lincolnshire. Pre- 
sented. [89. 1. 2, 1-17.] 

Mr. Oaton Haigh was one of several friends who helped me in my 
unluckily futile endeavours to determine the migratory routes of the 
Common Starling in Europe, and he obtained a series of specimens from 
the Lincolnshire coast. My object was to ascertain what proportion of 
the birds which migrated from the Continent to our eastern shores 
in winter were the Scandinavian form (the true Siumus vulgaris of 
Linnaius) or were tinged with an admixture of the Purple-headed Starling 
(Sturnus mensHnerif Sharpe). Although it was evident that many of our 
eastern birds were of the intermediate form, which Mr. Prazak, rushing 
in where I had feared to tread, afterwards called Stumus intermedius, it 
was impossible to prove whether the Starlings which were procured on 
our eastern and southern coasts were migrants from the Continent or 
birds which came south from the north of England or from Scotland (cf. 
Eagle Clarke, Ibis, 1902, pp. 246-269). 

43 Skylarks (Alauda arvensis) from the neighbourhood of Great 
Grimsby. Presented. [90. 10. 20, 1-43.] 

These Larks were also collected for me by Mr. Caton-Haigh for the 
same purpose as the Starlings, viz., to attempt to settle the lines of 
migration of our own Skylark and the larger Continental form. 

57 Wading Birds from Great Grimsby. Presented. [91. 10. 1, 1-35 ; 
91. 10. 25, 1-22.] 

Hall (Robert). 

10 birds from N.W. Australia. Presented. [1902. 6. 12, 1-10.] 
1 new to the collection {Pseudogerygone tenebrosa), 

Mr. Hall is one of the most energetic of Australian naturalists, and has 
also collected in Kerguelen Land (cf. Ibis, 1900, pp. 1-34), and on the 
River Lena in Siberia (cf, Hartert, Ibis, 1904, pp. 415-446). 

Hamilton {Capt). 

16 birds from Jamaica. Presented. [58. 10. 1, 12-27.] 

Hamilton (G. E. H. Barrett-). 
See Barbett-Hamilton. 

Hanson (Nikolai). 

308 specimens of birds and eggs from N. Norway. [96. 10. 2, 1-37 ; 

96. 11. 17, 1-29; 97. 2. 6, 1-27; 97. 5. 11, 1-21; 97. 11. 16, 1-25; 

97. 12. 12, 1-38; 98. 4. 28, 1-37; 98. 5. 3, 1-28; 98. 6. 24, 34-66.] 
These birds were collected in the Sundal Fjord and the neighbourhood 

of Ghristiansund, as well as on the Smolen Islands, whither he accompanied 
me in May 1898. He obtained a most juseful series shewing the changing 
plumages of the Black Guillemot (Vria grylle), and especially of the 
Eider Duck (Somateria mollissima), 

Hanson died during the Antarctic Expedition of the Southern Cross, 
of which he was the zoologist. On this occasion he made a fine collection 



380 Zoology. 

of seals and birds, but his notes were lost. His diary was published 
by me in the " Report on the collections of Natural History made in the 
Antarctic Regions during the voyage of the Southern Cross,* Aves, 
pp. 106-173, pis. vii.-x., published by the Trustees in 1902. He was one 
of the most conscientious and energetic collectors I have ever known. 
See also Newnes, Sir George, Bart, 

Hanson (Bebnabd). 

33 eggs of Norwegian birds. Purchased. [89. 6. 24, 1-33.] 
A younger brother of the above, and a very good collector. 

Harcourt (Edwabd Yebnon). 

A specimen of the Andalusian Hemipode (Tumix sylvaiica). Pre- 
sented. [62.10.8,1.] 

Mr. Vernon Harcourt published a list of the birds of Madeira 
(P.Z.S. for 1851, pp. 141-146). In 1854 he described as new Begulus 
maderensis (P.Z.S., 1854, p. 153), and in a further list published in 1855 
in the '* Annals and Magazine of Natural History,** ^2), zv., pp. 430-438, 
he described a new Petrel from the Desertas Islanas, Frocdlaria castro. 
Neither of the types came to the Museum. 

Hardwicke (Oenerat). 
See antea, p. 169. 

Hargitt (Edwabd), B.L 

2 specimens from the Vosges Mountains. Presented. [81. 11. 28, 

i-2g 

36 birds, mostly from the North of France. Presented. [85. 1. 12, 
1-36.] 

109 birds from various localities. Purchased [86. 9. 13, 1-73] and 
presented [86. 12. 1, 1-361. 

1807 specimens of Woodpeckers (Pict). Purchased. [97. 11. 10, 
1-1807.] 

From his earliest years Edward Hargitt was a devoted student of 
ornithology, and collected in the Orkneys and the Highlands of Scotland 
during his excursions to these localities as an artist. He afterwards made 
a fine collection of European birds and eggs, but he graduaUy dropped 
this portion of his work in order to devote himseli to the study of 
the Picidm, Of these birds he acquired a large collection, and 
wrote memoirs on several groups of Woodpeckers. In 1887 he was 
asked by Dr. Giinther to write the eighteenth volimie of the *' Catalogue 
of Birds," which he did with his usual conscientiousness ; it is one of the 
best- written volumes of the series. For the last few years of his life his 
health £uled him, but he occupied himself with painting a series of 
pictures of Woodpeckers, which, it is hoped, maybe secured some day for 
the British Museum, as his collection of birds, from which the paintings 
are mostly taken, is now in the National Collection. Of a singularly 
lovable disposition, Hargitt was endeared to a large number of artistic 
and scientific men, and his death was mourned by a wide circle of 
friends. 

Harington {Captain H. H.). 

9 birds from Upper Burmah. Presented. [1905. 12. 20, 1-9.] 

Harris. 

See Webster-Harbis. 



Birds. 381 

Harris {Sir W. Cobxwallis). 

Sir ComwalliB Harris, the author of the " Highlands of Ethiopia,*' and 
other works on the game and wild animals of Southern Africa, accom- 
panied the British Expedition to Shoa in Ahyssinia, and made a collection 
of birds, chiefly in the neighbourhood of Ar^ober and Angolalla. These 
collections passed into the India Museum, and were all registered as from 
" Abyssinia " by Messrs. Horsfield and Moore in the ** Catalogue of the 
Birds in the Museum ot the East India Company." Fortunately the 
original labels were not detached from the specimens in the India 
Museom, so that the record of locality was not lost ; but all the birds 
transferred to the British Museum had, after the fashion of those times, 
the labels carefully removed, and a card-board ticket marked " Abyssinia " 
attached ! {Cf, Diet. Nat. Biogr., xxv., p. 28.) 
See India Museum. 

Harrison (Oohnel J. J.). 

31 birds from Somali Land. Presented. [1901. 3. 16, 1-31J 
Colonel Harrison made an expedition, in company with Mr. A. E. Butter, 
Captain Powell Cotton and Mr. W. F. Whitehouse, through Somali Land 
to Lakes Rudolf and Baringo. He made a good collection of birds, which 
was described by Mr. Ogilvie-Grant in the ' Ibis * for 1901 (pp. 278-299, 
pi. vii.). A species of Finch-Lark described as Pyrrhulauda harrisoni 
turned out to be P. signcUa, Oust. The specimens presented by Colonel 
Harrison were all of great interest to the Museum. 

45 birds from the White Nile district. Presented. [1905. 2. 3, 1-45.] 

Hart (H. Chiohester). 

See LoBDS of the Treasury. 
Mr. Hart was the naturalist on board the Discovery during Sir George 
Kares' expedition towards the North Pole. He has given an account of 
his expenences in a paper published in the ' Zoologist ' for 1880 (pp. 121- 
129, 204-214). He has also written a book on the Fauna and Flora of 
Sinai, Arabia Petrsea, etc. (1891). 

Hartert (Ernst). 

98 birds from East Prussia and other parts of Germany. Received in 
exchange. [92. 4. 11, 1-98.] 

Dr. Hartert is the Director of the Hon. Walter Rothschild's Museum 
at Tring, and is one of the most energetic of modem naturalists. His 
experiences in Eastern Prussia have been described in the * Ibis ' for 
1892 (pp. 353-372, 504-522), and the account of his travels in many 
foreign lands is given in his memoir, ** Aus den Wanderjahren eines Natur- 
forschers," first published in the * Novitates Zoologicas ' for 1901 (pp. 221- 
355, 383-39, pis. xii.-xvii.), and 1902 (pp. 141-160, 193-339, pis. 1-5), 
and afterwards as a separate work. 

Harting (J. Edmund). 

23 birds from Madagascar, collected by the Rev. W. Deans Cowan. 
Purchased. [80. 5. 1. 1-23.] 

Among many interesting species was the type of Oxylahes cinereicepSf 
Sharpe, P.Z.S., 1881, p. 197. 

80 mounted specimens of British birds. Purchased. [73. 11. 17, 17- 
22; 83.11.10,1-74.] 

Among these were several authentic examples of rare birds killed in 
Great Britain, among them being three specimens of the so-called Sabine's 



382 Zoology. 

Snipe (Gallinago mhinei), and the Bed-breasted Snipe (Macrorhamphus 
griseus)^ etc. 

29 Accipitrea from South Queensland, collected by Mr. J. Bell. 
Presented. [1901. 12. 8, 1-20; 1902. 7. 31, 1-9.] 

2 specimens of "WiUow Grouse from the Altai Mts., procured by 
Prince DemidofF. Presented. [1902. 7. 31, 10, 11.] 

Mr. Harting is one of the best-known Briti^ naturalists, and there is 
probably no one living who can so well remember the days before 
enclosure had done away with the natural harbours on the south coast, 
where birds were plentiful in places now dominated by the plough. His 
reminiscences, like my own, carry him back to the palmy days of Pagham 
Harbour, when some fine collecting was to be done on the mud-flats, and 
a number of specimens obtained by him in his early life are in the 
Museimi. He was for many years the best authority on Wading Birds, 
and made a fine collection of Charadriidm, which was ultimately acquired 
by the late Mr. Henry Seebohm, who made it the basis of his work on 
the " Geographical Distribution of the Family Charadriidm.^ With the 
Seebohm bequest the whole of this celebrated collection of Waders was 
added to the national collection. Mr. Harting has published many 
popular books on natural history, and has done much to spread the love 
of the study of birds among the people. 

Harvey (W.). 

160 birds from Malacca. Presented. [65. 6. 30, 1-160.] 
These birds, prepared in the usual Malay type of skins, were 
without particulars of sex or date, and being now replaced by Mr. Hume's 
beautiful series, have mostly passed into the duplicates. 

Harvie-Brown (J. A.). 

See also Feilden, Colonel H. W. 
11 birds fromDunipace, Larbert, N.B. Presented. [92. 12. 19, 1-11.] 

Hauzwell (J.). 

Was an old companion of H. W. Bates, and settled in Upper Ama- 
zonia. He travelled on the Ucayali River in the early fifties, and made 
a large collection, which was exhibited to the Zoological Society by 
Gould in May 1855 (P.Z.S., 1855, pp. 77, 78). In 1867, after a long 
period of inaction, he again forwarded a collection from Pebas, a 
town on the north bank of the River Amazon. This was described 
by Messrs. Sclater and Salvin in the " Proceedings " for 1867 (pp. 977- 
981, pi. xlv.), when four new species of birds were characterised. 
The bulk of the collection passed into the hands of Messrs. Salvin and 
Godman and Dr. Sclater, but a few were purchased by the British 
Museum. [See Higgins.] Out of a later consignment sent' to Mr. Whiteley 
from Samiria, some specimens were acquired for Dr. F. D. Godman. 
In Professor James Orton's book, "The Andes and the Amazon,** 
he mentions his meeting with Hauxwell at Pebas, where he was com- 
fortably established and received the traveller ¥dth great hospitality. 
Pebas is situated on a high clay bluff, beside the Ambiyacu, a mile above 
its entrance into the Marauon. 

Haviland {Drs, H. A. and G. D.). 

32 birds from Mt. Kina Balu in N.W. Borneo. Presented. [93. 6. 
10, 1-32.] 

Two species {Merula seehohmi and Hyloterpe hypoxantha) were new 
to the Museum. 



Birds. 383 

Hawker (Richard McD.). 

21 specimens from Lahej, 8. Arabia. Presented. [98. 4. 30, 9-1-114.] 
In this small series were specimens of the Lanner Falcon (Falco 

fddeggi) and the Pintail Duck (Dafila acuta). Of, Ibis, 1898, pp. 

374-376. 

163 specimens from Somali Land. Presented. [98. 6. 13, 1-103.] 
Five species were new to the collection, of which two {Mirafra wwtr- 

ginata^ Apalis viridiceps) were types of new forms. The collection was 

described by Mr. Hawker in the " Ibis " for 1899 (pp. 52-81, pi. ii.). M. 

marginaia is now considered to be the same species as M, cantillans of 

India. 

451 specimens of birds, nests, and eggs from the Egyptian Sudan. 

Presented. [1901. 8. 3, 1-76 ; 1902. 4. 20, 1-368 ; 1902. 7. 10, 1-17.] 
This collection is described by Mr. Ogilvie-Grant in the "Ibis** for 

1902 (pp. 393-470, pis. x., xii.). 

31 birds from Berbera, Somali Land. Presented. [1903. 8. 5, 1-31.] 
5 birds from the Sudan and 5 birds from Australia. Presented. 

[1905. 6. 30, 1-10.] 

Hearsay {Brigadier-Oeneral T.). 

10 specimens of birds from the Punjaub. Presented. [54. 12. 0, 
1-10.] 

Heath (Alfred). 

See Gerrabd, E. 

Helms (Dr. Otto). 

37 Greenland Gyr-Falcons (Hierofalco candicans) and Iceland Gulls 
(Larus leucopierus). Purchased. [1900. 6. 26, 1-15 ; 1901. 3. 16, 1-8 ; 
1902. 9. 29, 1-14.] 

A very interesting series of skins, showing the changes of plumage in 
the Greenland Falcons. See Dr. Helms' memoir, " Ueber Gron&nds 
Vogelwelt" (J. f. 0., 1902, pp. 91-101, 126). 

Henderson {Messrs. [of Dundee] ). 

9 specimens of Greenland Gyr-Falcons (Hierofalco candicans) from 
Greenland. Purchased. [99. 11. 2, 1-9.] 

Henderson (Dr. George). 
See Gerrard, E. 
Dr. Henderson was the naturalist attached to the British Mission to 
Tarkand, under Sir Douglas Forsyth, in 1870 (cf, " Lahore to Yarkand," 
by G. Henderson and A. 0. Hume, 8vo, 1873). During the expedition 
several new species were discovered, and the types of these (FcUco 
henderwni^ Saxicola hendersoni, Podoces hendersoni, P. humilis, TrochcUO' 
pterum HmUe) were purchased for the Museum through Mr. Gerrard. 
They are all figured in the above-mentioned book. 

Henning (J.). 

116 specimens of Finches. Purchased. [87. 1. 25, 1-115.] 

"Herald," Voyage of H.M.S. 

See Ratneb, Dr. F. M. ; .MacGillivrat, John. 



384 Zoology. 

Hewett (W.). 

236 eggs of Guillemots from the Bempton cliffs. Purchased. [1901. 
10. 27, 2-151 ; 1902. 11. 5, 1-86.] 

This series, selected from mauy hundreds of eggs obtained by Mr. 
Hewett, is exhibited in the Great Hall of the Natural History Museum 
as an example of the variation in the colour to be found in the eggs laid 
by one single species. 

Hiekman (J.). 

26 birds from Fanti, West Africa. Presented. [91. 2. 11, 1-26.] 
Some rare birds were contained in this collection, among them four 
specimens of Pssoptera luguhris. 

Higgins (T.). 

A specimen of Andersson's Pern (Machmrhampkiu anderssoni) from 
Damara Land. Purchased. [62. 2. 23, 1.] 

23 birds from Damara Land. Purchased. [66. 12. 24, 1-23.] 

These were from some of the last collections sent home by Andersson. 

25 specimens from N.E. Australia and Upper Amazonia. Purchased. 
[67. 2. 26, 1-6 ; 67. 10. 1, 1-19.] 

Ten of these birds from Gape York and Champion Bay were collected 
by Cockerell ; the other nine were collected by Hauxwell. 

14 birds from Zanzibar, and other localities. Purchased. [68. 1. 29, 
1-9; 68.2.21,2-6.] 

21 birds from N.E. Australia. Purchased. [69. 8. 17, 1-21.] 
Three species, CydopHUaeus coxeni, Ptilotis oockerellif and Myzomda 
'pectoralis were new to the collection. They were from one of the series 
obtained in Cape York and Queensland by Cockerell and Thorpe. 

15 birds from Celebes. Purchased. [72. 5. 27, 1-15.] 

These were some of the duplicates from Dr. A. B. Meyer's expedition 
to the Moluccas. 

9 birds from Fanti, W. Africa, collected by Mr. G. LyalL Purchased. 
[75. 5. 21, 1-9.] 

3 species new to the Collection, Pmoptera lugubriSf Myioceyx rufioeps^ 
and Dendropicus lugubris, 

175 birds from Borneo and the Philippine Islands, collected by Alfred 
Everett. Purchased. [75. 8. 16, 1-57 ; 76. 7. 28, 1-96 ; 78. 1. 4, 1-5 ; 
78. 5. 20, 80-96.] 

These were Everett's early Bomean collections, made chiefly in 
Sarawak, together with a few specimens from the Philippines. They 
contained the types of Micropus immacidatus, PrionochHus everetti^ 
and Phyllomis viridtnucha. His Bomean collections were described by 
me in the * Ibis ' for 1876, 1877, 1893, and in the P.Z.S. for 1879. 

469 birds, nests, and eggs, from Labuan and Lumbidan, N.W. Borneo. 
Purchased. [76. 5. 2, 1-161 ; 80. 9. 14, 1-318.1 

Collected by Sir Hugh Low, and forming the material for my paper 
in the "Proceedings" of the Zoological Society for 1875 (pp. 99-111), 
1879 (pp. 317-354, pi. xxx.). 

12 birds from the collection made by the late Dr. James in British 
New Guinea. Purchased. [77. 4. 6, 1-12.] 

Dr. James was killed by the natives of Yule Island shortly after 
his arrival in British New Guinea. His collection was described by me 
in the * Journal ' of the Linnean Society (ZooL, vol. xiii., pp. d05--321, 
1878). He discovered the following new species : Phmygama jamen 



Birds. 385 

(Cat B., III., p. 181), Tanysiptera microrhyncha, and Melidora 
collaris. 

16 birds from the Fiji Islands and New Caledonia, collected by 
E. L. and E. L. C. Layard. Purchased. [76. 2. 3, 4-15; 78. 5. 20, 
76-79.] 

7 species new to the collection (cf. Ibis, 1876, pp. 137-157, Fiji 
Islands ; 1877, pp. 355-363 ; 1878, pp. 250-267, New Caledonia). 

75 birds from Sarawak, collected by Mr. Harold Everett. Purchased. 
[78. 5. 20, 1-75]. 

5 specimens from the neighbourhood of Antananarivo, Madagascar, 
collected by Mr. Lormier. Purchased. [79. 3. 5, 25-29.] 

The five specimens included an example of Heliodtlus aoumagneif and 
the types of a new Warbler (Drommocercus teehohmt). 

Hisgins was a retired doctor with a strong love of natural history, who 
succeeded to Mr. Samuel Stevens' celebrated zoological agency, when the 
latter retired from active work. Higgins ultimately settled in Tasmania, 
and died there. 

HUdebrandt (Dr.). 

57 specimens from East Africa. Purchased. [79. 3. 4, 1-52 ; 79. 3. 5, 
1-5/1 6 species new to the collection. 

Dr. Hildebrandt collected in the Teita district of British East Africa, 
and his birds were described by Dr. Cabanis (J. f. 0., 1878, pp. 213-246). 
He afterwards travelled in Madagascar, where he died. 

Hinde {Dr. R. B.). 

156 birds from Kamptee, C. India. Presented. [75. 7. 13, 1-156.] 
Dr. Hinde was the xmcle of the well-known traveller. Dr. Sydney L. 
Hinde. 

Hinde (Dr. S. L.). 

144 birds from Machakos, British East Africa. Presented. [96. 9. 11, 
1-32; 98. 5. 13, 1-95; 99. 2. 1. 1-17.] 

2 types {CisHcoJa kindei, Serinus fagani) and 5 species new to the 
collection (cf. Ibis, 1898, pp. 576-587, pi. xii., fig. 2). 

39 birds from Masai Land, including types of Euprinodes hildegardm. 
[99. 10. 30, 1-19 ; 1900. 2. 6, 1 and 2 ; 1900. 2. 28, 1-18.] 

21 birds from the Athi River, including the types of Crateropw hindei. 
Presented. [1901. 5. 6, 1-19 ; 1901. 5. 7, 1 and 2.] 

Dr. Hinde saw much service with the Congo Free State army on the 
Upper Congo, and has written a very interesting work on the " Downfall 
of the Congo Arabs." He has since held appointments under the Foreign 
OfiQce in British East Africa, and has made several good collections of 
birds, in the formation of which he has been aided by his wife. 

Hobson (H. E.). 

9 birds from Northern Formosa. Presented. [77. 10. 22, 1-9.] 
1 new to the collection. 

Mr. Hobson was H.B.M. Consul in Formosa, and presented many 
Butterflies to the Museum, as well as a few birds. 

Hodgson (Brian H.). 

2596 birds from Nepal and Tibet Presented. [43. 1. 13, 1-1302 ; 
44. 12. 27, 1-4; 45. 1. 9, 1-841; 45. 1. 12, 1-414 (skeletons), 478- 
513.] 

These were Hodgson's early collections, and were presented by him to 
VOL. II. 2 



386 Zoology. 

the Museum when he left Nepal in 1843. It is from these specimens 
that the native drawings of the birds were taken. Every one of the 
Hodsrgon drawings has its name and its number, and the specimens 
originally had a label tied either round the neck or the foot, bearing a 
number corresponding with that of the drawing. In Dr. Gray's 
'* Zoological Miscellany " for 1844, Hodgson, writing from Canterbury on 
the 24th of June,* gave a list of Nepalese birds, with an indication of 
the Hodgsonian number, and he stated that *'a nearly complete aeries 

Sof drawings] has been sent to the British Museum." Consequently, these 
irawings constitute the types of Hodgson's species. A second set of 
drawings was retained by Hodgson himself, and afterwards eiven by him 
to the Zoological Society ; these two sets have never yet been collated 
together. 

In the " Dictionary of National Biography ** (Suppl., vol. ii., pp. 429- 
432), it is said that after his resignation of the Indian Civil Service in 
1843, he came to England, but that, after less than a year at home, he 
resolved to return to India. He fixed his residence at Daijiling, where 
for thirteen years he lived the life of a recluse, suffering a good deal from 
weak health, but this did not abate his ardour for collecting or his devotion 
to learning. Dr. J. E. Gray, in his preface to the " Catalogue " of the 
Hodgson collection, writing on the 10th of December, 1846, speaks of him 
•as having returned to India, to continue his studies and complete his 
series of drawings. 

301 birds from Behar. Presented. [45. 5. 19, 1-SOIJ 

This series of skins from Behar was never made by Hodgson's Hima- 
layan collectors. The method of preparation is quite different. It may 
have been made for Hodgson by some friend of his, or he may have 
employed a native of the countiy to prepare the skins. I can find no 
evidence that Hodgson was ever resident in Behar. 

307 birds from "India "I [See small register.] Presented. [48.6.4, 
1-307.] 

In 1848, as mentioned above, Hodgson was living at Daijiling, and 
there can be no doubt that this collection came from Sikhim. On looking up 
some of the specimens which are registered by G. B. Gray himself (with- 
out any specific localities and with only the Hodgsonian number added), 
I have found skins labelled by Gray as from Behar ! Any one who com- 
jiares the preparation of the Behar examples with that of the Himalayan 
taxidermists, will see at a glance that this 1848 collection has been made 
by the same hands as the early Nei)al collections, and doubtless Hodgson 
had imported some of his native skinners from Nepal. The question is 
settled, however, by an entry of Gray's in the register : '<211 duplicates 
transferred to the Hon. E. I. Comp. " ; and in Horsfield and Moore's Cata- 
logue of the latter collection (Vol. I., Intr., p. v.), we read: "1848. 
B. H. Hodgson^ Esq. Several birds from Sikim and Daijiling," showing 
that Moore knew where they were from, if Gray did not. 

These Sikhim specimens will have to be carefully relabelled ; but it 
shows the truth of Professor Newton's criticism on G. R. Grav, that he 
was a good ornithological clerk; but in the case of the Hodgson col- 
lections he was not even entitled to this praise, for he destroyed all 
Hodgson's original labels. 

598 birds from Nepal. Presented. [59. 3. 4, 1-598.] 

For some reason Hodgson was offended with his treatment by the 

* Mr. Gerrard, sen., remembers going to Canterbury to pack the oollection 
for transmission to London. 



Birds. 387 

Grays, and in 1853 he sent a large collection of birds from Nepal and 
Tibet to the E. L Company's Museum, but, in 1859, he appears to have 
once more determined to send his collections to the British Museum. 

When the India Museum was broken up in 1881 and its zoological 
contents were merged in the British Museum, the whole of the 
Hodgsonian series was once more united under one roof, and great praise 
is due to Mr. F. Moore for having preserved the original labels on those 
roecimens which had been under his charge. Two Catalogues of the 
Hodgson collection were published by the Trustees, one in 1846, and a 
second in 1863. 

Besides the article in the " Dictionary of National Biography," a life 
of Hodgson has been written by Sir William Hunter. 

Cf. also « Ibis,' 1894, pp. 580, 581. 

Holboell {Oovemary 

See also Steyeks, S. 

5 birds and 31 eggs from Greenland. Purchased. [50. 11. 9, 23-58.] . 

Holboell was the Danish Governor of South Greenland, and took great 
interest in natural history. He discovered the intermediate race 
between the typical Gyr-Falcon of Greenland and that of Iceland, and 
named it Falco arctictu. As this name was preoccupied, I named the 
bird Hiero/aico holboeUi in his honour. The large Red-poll {Canndbina 
holboeUt), from Scandinavia and Siberia, is also named after him. The 
latter species has occurred occasionally in England. 

Holden (W. L.). 

7 bu^ from Paraguay. Presented. [1904. 11. 30, 1-7.] 

Holland (Arthur H.). 

789 birds and eggs from Argentina. Purchased. [97. 11. 14, 1-224 ; 
98. 3. 25, 1-565.] 

Mr. Holland is an energetic young naturalist who has devoted much 
attention to the ornithology of the Argentine Republic, on which subject 
he has published: some interesting papers (Ibis, 1890, pp. 424-428 ; 
1891, pp. 16-20; 1892, pp. 193-214; 1893, pp. 467-469; 1895, pp. 213- 
217 ; 1896, pp. 315-318). 

His collection of eggs, 565 in number, has proved to be of the utmost 
value to the Museum, as can be seen in the published volumes of the 
" Catalogue of Eggs." Among the birds was the type of Hapalocercus 
hoUandiy Sclater, Ibis, 1896, p. 317. 

Hoist (P. A.). 

44 birds from Central Asia, of which 7 were new to the collection. 
Purchased. [83. 4. 3, 1-37 ; 83. 5. 23, 1-7.] 

Duplicates from the Severtzoff and Russow coUections. Also some 
interesting species from the Caucasus. 

9 birds from Sweden. Purchased. [84. 7. 29, 1-9.] 

50 birds from Russia, Siberia, Turkestan, and other parts of Central 
Asia, with 3 species new to the collection. [84. 9. 25. 1-20 ; 86. 3. 31, 
1-30.] 

Hoist was a young Swedish collector who settled in England for a time 
as an agents and from whom the Museum purchased several interesting 
specimens. He afterwards travelled in the East for Henry Seebohm, and 
visited the Volcano Islands, the Liu Kiu Islands, and the Bonin group, 
as well as Formosa. Here he discovered a beautifid new Tit (Parus holsH) 
named after him by Seebohm (Ibis, 1995, pi. vi.). 

2 o 2 



388 Zoology. 

Home (Sir James Evebabd), JJJV. 

59 birds from New Zealand and Tongataba. Presented. [46. 12. 4, 
59.] 

A son of the well-known Sir Everard Home. 

Cf. Diet. Nat. Biogr., xxvii., pp. 227, 228. 

Hooker {Sir Joseph). 

17 nests from various localities. Presented. [66. 11. 17, 1-17.] 
Sir Joseph Hooker was naturalist to the Antarctic Expedition, surgeon 
to the Erebus during the celebrated voyage of Sir James Hoss in 183^43, 
assisted by Dr. McCormick and Dr. LyalL The collections made by Sir 
Joseph at the various islands visited were very complete (cf. my paper on 
the Birds of Eerguelen Island in the 168th volume (extra vol!) of the 
^Philosophical TnLnsactions"). 

Cf. also *' Who's Who,** 1904, p. 751. 

Hopkinson (Dr. E.). 

25 skeletons of birds from the Ghunbia. Presented. [1904. 4. 28, 
1-13; 1904.6.26,1-12.] 

Horn (W. A.). 

19 birds from Central Australia, including a specimen of the rare 
Queen Alexandra's Parrakeet (Spaihopterus (dexandrm\ new to the 
collection. Presented. [95. 11. 18, 1 ; 98. 5. 15, 1-18.] 

In 1894 Mr. Horn promoted the celebrated " Horn Scientific Exploring 
Expedition " to Central Australia (see the *' Journal," etc., published by 
the Government of South Australia, as a Blue Book, in 18961 The birds 
obtained on the expedition were described by Mr. A. J. North (Rep. Horn 
Exped. Centr. Austr., Part U., Zoology, Aves, pp. 53-111, pis. v.-vii.). 

Horsbrugh (Chables B.). 

26 nests from the Sundal Valley, Norway. Presented. [99. 8. 31, 
1-26.1 

Mr. Horsbrugh accompanied me during one of my excursions to 
Norway, when we made a careful study of the nesting habits of the 
Brambling (FringiUa montifringilla) and the Chaffinch (F. csslebs), and 
collected a number of nests. 

The nest in sitUf with the parent birds and four nestlinss, of the 
Tawny Owl (iS^mtu7i» cUuco) from Martock, Somersetshire. I^esented. 
[1901. 5. 2, 1-6.] Exhibited in the Bird Gallery. 

Horsfield (Dr. Thomas). 

3 specimens of Indian birds. Presented. [47. 9. 17, 1-3.] 
Horsfield served under Sir Stamford Baffles in Java, and was well 
known for his work on the Zoology of the island (cf. his paper in the 
Linnean Transactions, xiii., pp. 133-200, 1820 — *' Sytematic Arrangement 
and Description of Birds from the Island of Java"; aJao "Zoological 
Researches in Java," 4to, 1824), and in conjunction with Vigors he wrote 
a valuable memoir on the " Australian Birds in the collection of the Linnean 
Society " (Trans. Linn. Soc., xv., pp. 170-331, 1825-26). Many new 
species were described, the types of which were afterwaras given to the 
British Museum. He was appointed, in 1820, Keeper of the Museum 
of the Hon. E. I. Co., a post he retained till his death in 1859. He wrote 
several catalogues of the contents of the Museum, but^in the case of the 
Birds and Lepidoptera, the work was chiefiy done by his assistant, Mr. 
Frederic Moore. 

Cf. Diet. Nat. Biogr., xxvii., pp. 379-380. 



Birds. '389 

Hose (Charles), D,Se, 
See aho Gebbabd, E. 

16 specimens of Esculent Swifts {Collocal%a\ with their nests and 
^gs, from Sarawak. Presented. [88. 1. 6, 1-16.1 

83 birds from Mts. Ealulong and Dulit in N.W. Borneo. Presented. 
[93. 7. 2, 1-83.] 

For the description of the Mt. Dulit collection, cf. * Ibis,' 1892, pp. 
322-324, 430-442, pis. x., xi. The collection from Kalulong is described 
in the * Ibis' for 1893, pp. 546-550. 

60 specimens of Bomean birds in spirits. Presented. [97. 2. 29, 1-24.1 
277 specimens from Tarious districts of Sarawak and the island of 

Celebes. Presented. [99. 8. 31, 1-6 (Mount Dulit and Mount Mulu) ; 
1900. 2. 15, 1-150; 1900. 3. 20, 1-45.J 

96 birds in spirits from Borneo. [1904. 5. 2, 1-96.] 

Hubbard {Bev. E. H.). 

8 specimens from Nassa, Speke Gulf, Victoria Nyanza. Purchased 
through Mr. F. C. Smith. [95. 3. 3, 1-8.] 

Contained the types of a new Francolin (Frcmcolinus hubbardi) 
described by Mr. Ogilvie-Grant (Bull. B.O.C., iv., p. 27, 1895). 

Hudson (W. H.). 

61 nests and eggs from Buenos Aires. Presented. [74. 5. 21, 5-65.1 
Mr. Hudson is the well-known naturalist who has thrown so mucD 

light upon the ornithology of the Argentine Republic (see ** Argentine 
Ornithology," by Sclater and Hudson). His accounts of the habits of 
birds have always been most interesting. His collections from Conchitas 
were described by Messrs. Sclater and Salvin (P.Z.S., 1868, pp. 137-146). 

Hudson's Bay Company. 

A specimen of the Golden Eagle. Presented. [43. 11. 28, 10.] 

Hiigel {Baron A. von). 

4 Grannets (Sula hassana) from the Bass Rock. Presented. [73. 11. 4, 

These were presented with the idea of forming a group of Bass Rock 
birds. Some of the specimens are in the great case now in the Bird 
Gallery. 

35 specimens from various localities. Presented. [73. 12. 3, 1-33 ; 
73. 12. 26, 13-14.] 

Very interesting specimens of PalaBarctic birds, including the skin of a 
Griffon Vulture {Qyps fulvtui). 

16 birds from dampehire. Presented. [74. 3. 14, 28-43.] 

23 birds from New Zealand. Presented. [80. 5. 3, 1-23.1 The 
types of Phalacrocorax stewarti are included in this donation (cf. Cat. B., 
xxvi., p. 386). 

Baron von Hiigel is the son of the celebrated Baron Carl von Hiigel, 
who wrote the well-known work of travel, " Easchmir und das Reich der 
Siek,** 1840-1848. 

The donations to the British Museum were from his collection of 
British birds which the young Baron made before he went out to the Fiji 
Islands and New Zealand. Some of the specimens which he gave to the 
Museum were of great intrinsic value. 



390 Zoology. 

Hugh {Father). 

94 birda from the province of Shen-si in Western China. [98. 10. 30, 
1-10 ; 1900. 4. 28, 1-47; 1900. 9. 9, 1-17 ; 1902. 10. 10, 1-20.] 

Father Hugh's early collections were described by me in the ** Clomptes 
Bend us ** of the third International Congress of Ornithologists at Paris in 
1900 (Omis, xi., pp. 173, 185). 

Huxnblot {Governor). 
See Fbank, G. A. 

Hume (Allan Octavian), O.B. 

10 specimens of birds from the Nicobar Islands, and other parts of 
the Indian Empure. Presented. [74. 1. 17, 1-10.] 

At this time nearly all the species were new to the collection — 
JSthopyga nicobarioa^ Halcyon saturalior, Carpophaga instdaris^ etc. 

lb fill skins and eggs of birds from various parts of the Indian Empire. 

The collection consisted of about 82,000 specimens, of which 75,577 
were placed in the Museum cabinets, as follows : — 

2830 Birds of Prey (Acctpitri/armes). [85. 8. 19, 1-2830.] (VoL i. 
of the " Catalogue of Birds.") 

Types of eight species, Astur poliopsis, Acdpiter melanoachistus, 
&nza^tu8 aphynx, Spilomis davisonif 8. minimus, Milvus mdanoiis, 
fiemis tweeddalei. Baza snmatrensiB, Faico atriceps, and Polioaetu$ 
plwnheus, 

1165 Owls {Strigi/ormes). [86. 2. 1, 1-1165.] (VoL iL of the 
"Catalogue of Birds.") 

Types of nine species. Scops hrucei^ S. nicobaricM, S. baUij Carine 
ptUchra, Eeteroglaux lUewitti, Ninox obscuruSf Asio hutleri, Symium 
maingayif and Strix de-roepstorffi. 

2819 Crows, Jays, Orioles, etc. [86. 3. 1, 1-2819.] (VoL iii. of the 
"Catalogue of Birds.") 

6 types: Corvus Uttvrencei, Corone insolens, Dendrociita cissimilis, 
OarrtUus leucotis, Dissemuroides dicruriformis. 

4493 Cuckoo-shrikes and Flycatchers. (Vol. iv. of the " Catalogue of 
Birds.'') 

21 types: Vdvocivora intermedia, V, neglecta, V, innominata, 
Pericrocottu subardens, P, neglectus, P. flammi/er, Praiincola albisuper- 
cHiaria, P. macrorhyncha, Leucocerca infumata, Terpsiphone nicobarica, 
Philentoma intermedium, Cryptolopha jerdoni, Siphia rvfigvlaris, 
Cyomis oiivacea, C, aUKholivacea, C, poliogenys, C. manddlii, Siphia 
minuta, S,/renata, Anthipea aiibmoniliger, Muacitrea cyanea, 

4670 Thrushes and Warblers. (Vol. v. of the '* Catalogue of Birds.") 

28 types : Sylvia althea, S, minula (or S. minuscula), PhylioBcopus 
hurmaniciu, P, seebohmi, P, tytleri,* P, humei, P. flavo-^ivaoeus, P. 
neglectus, P. sindianus, P. manddlii, P. subviridis, P. davisoni, Jerdonia 
agricdenns, Acrooephaltu mucrorhynchus, Locustella suhsignaia, Trihura 
major, T. mandeUii, T. intermedia, Herhivocula hrooksi, Cettta 
cettoidea, Horomis erythrogenys, ff. pallidus, H. brtmnescent, Turdulu$ 
davisoni, (hocichla tricolor, Turdus svbpallidus, Saxicola albonigra, S. 
kingi, 

* Canon Tribtram (Cat. Coll., p. 150) mentions the type of P. tyOeri of 
Brooks as being in his collection. Brooks* original sptoimens are in the 
Hume Collection, and the Museum has also the example mentioned by 
Brooks as being obtained by Col. Tytler at Simla (c/. Brooks, Ibis, 1872. 
p. 22). 



Birds. 391 

3100 Bulbuls and Wrens, Dippers, etc. [86. 9, 1-3100.] (Vol. vi. of 
the ** Catalogue of Birds.") 

16 types : ^githina nigrolutea^ Hypsipetes concdor, Eemioous hUde- 
hrandti, H, daviaoni^ I6U terricoloVf Micropus ftucoflavescens^ Criniger 
gutturaiis, C. burmanicus, C. theoides, Molpastes humeif Otocompaa per- 
sonaUi^ Fyenonottis davisoni^ P. xanthcHmmus^ Ixidia loeberiy Anorthura 
negleda^* Sphenocichla hvmei, 

7304 specimens of Timeliine birds. [86. 10. 1, 1-7304.] (Vol. vii. 
of the "Catalogue of Birds.") 

30 types: Myiophoneus ewjenei, Lioptila daviwni^ BUtn/ordius 
striattdtUf Suya albigtUaris, Drymoipus terricolor, D, ru/escens, D. 
inrignis, Orthoiomus niiidus^ Trochalopterum erythroimma, Argya edipeSf 
Pomatorkinus cbacttrus, F. austeni, P. tickeUi, P. inglxsi^ Dryonastes 
ftubcmrukUtu, Pyctorhia griseigularis, Pdlomeum minus, P, tgnotunif 
Trichastoma minor, Stachyridopsis rufi/rons, S, poliogaster^Minlarufigu- 
Iari$, 8chceniparu8 dulntUy Ixtdtts humUiSf /. rufigeniSy Alcippe brucei, 
A. bourdHUmif Siva castaneicauda, S. sordida. Accentor jerdoni. 

2119 specimens of Tits and Shrikes. [86. 11. 1, 1-2119.] (Vol viii. 
of the " Catalogue of Birds.") 

9 types : Lophophanes humei, jEgithaliscus manipurensis, Pterythius 
intermedins^ Eylocharis occipitalis^ Certhia manddtii, C. hodgsoni, C. 
manipurensis, C. stoliezkae, Sitta kashmeriensis, 

1789 specimens of Sun-birds (Nectariniidm) and White-eyes {Zoster- 
opidm). [86. 12. 1, 1-1789.] (Vol. ix. of the " Catalogue of Birds.") 

8 types : Chaicostetha ii^perata, ^thopyga nicobarica, JE, cara^ JS, 
tnaldenifArachnothera intermedia. A, andamanica, Arachnothera simil" 
lima, and Zosterops aureiventer. 

3724 specimens of Swallows (Birundinidm), Wagtails, and Pipits 
{Motacaiidm). [87. 2. 1, 1-3724.] (Vol. x. of the " Catalojiue of Birds.") 

8 types : Dicmum virescens, Prionochilus modestus, Hirundo sub- 
striolata, H. pallida, H. intermedia^ H, archetes, Anthus cockbwmim, 
A. ariseorufescens. The type of Cotile obscurior was not in the collection, 
and the specimen did not reach the British Museum. 

2375 specimens of Finches (Frinyillidm). [87. 6. 1, 1-2375.] (Vol. 
xiL of the " Catalogue of Birds.") 

8 types : Coccothraustes humei, Propasser amhiguus, P. saturatus, 
Procarduelis mandellii, Chrysomitris tibetana, Montifringilla Ua^furdi, 
M, mandeUii, Pyrrhospiza humei. 

3766 specimens of Starlings {Stumidm), Weaver-birds (Ploceidm), and 
Larks (Alaudidm). [87. 7. 1, 1-3766.] (Vol. xiii. of the " Catalogue of 
Birds.") 

22 types : Sturnus nitens, S, amhiguus, 8. minor, 8, menzbieri, 8. 
nobUior, 8turnia incognita, Color uis irwini, C. tytleri, Ploceus mega- 
rhynchus, P. chryseus, Mtmia semistriata, M. non-striata, M, superstriata, 
M, inglisi, Estrelda burmanica, Alauda guttata, Calandrella tibetana, 
AlaudtUa adamsi, Mira/ra immaculata, M. microptera, Oalerita magna, 
and Spizalauda simillima. 

807 specimens of Ant-Thrushes {Pittidm), Broadbills {EurylmmidmX 
[87. 5. 1, 1-807.] (Vol. xiv. of the " Catalogue of Birds.") 

4 types : Pitta oatesi, P. davisoni, Eucichla gumeyi, and Psarisomus 
assimtiis. 



* Brooks' actual types of Troalodytes neglectus are in the Home Collec- 
tion, and are marked *Uype." Canon Tristram's specimen quoted as the 
type (Cat, p. 167) can only be oonaidered a oo-type. 



392 Zoology. 

1110 specimeng of Hoopoes {Upupm), [87. a 20, 1-135.] Swifts 
(Cypaeli), Nightjars (Caprimulg^t and Frog-mouths (Podargt), [87. 8. 
1, 1-976.] (Vol. xvi. of the " Catalogue of Birds.") 

8 types: Chmtura indica^ CoUoccUia innominata, C. ineocpecUUa^ 
CaprifMUgtu unwini^ C. andamanicus, Lyncomis hourdilloni, Ba- 
trac?io8tomu8 castaneuSf B, ptmctattts, 

2277 specimens of Picarian birds, Hombills (Bucerotes), Bee-eaters 
(Meropes), Kingfishers (Halcyanes), RoUers (Cotocub), Trogons (Tro- 
gones). [87. 8. 20, 1-1753; 87. 9. 1, 1-277 ; 88. 11. 10, 1-247.] (Vol. 
xvii. of the " Catalogue of Birds.") 

11 types : Ewrystomtu Imtior, Felargopns intermedia^ Alcedo simil- 
lima, CarcinetUes amahiUs, Halcyon saturatior, H, vidali, H. armatrongi, 
H. humeif H, davisoni, Bhytidoceros narcondami. 

2839 specimens of Woodpeckers (Pici). [87. 8. 10, 1-2339.] (Vol. 
xviii. of the " Catalogue of Birds.**) 

3 types : Oednus nigrigenys, Dendrocopus pyrrhothoraXf Micropttr- 
ntu hurmanicus. 

2417 specimens of Honey-Guides (/ticffoo/ores), Barbet8(Cbpt7ones), 
and Cuckoos (Coccyges), [87. 12. 2, 1-1658 ; 88. 11. 30, 1-759.] (Vol. 
xix. of the ** Catalogue of Birds.") 

8 types : Hierococcyx nanus, Ololygon tenuirosiris, Centropua inter- 
medius, C, mcucimtu, C. acheenensis, Indicator raddiffei, Oyanops 
davi$oni, 0. incognita. 

813 specimens of Parrots (Psittaci/ormes), [89. 1. 26, 1-813.] 
(Vol. XX. of the " Catalogue of Birds.") 

3 types, Palaomis indohurmanicus, P. finschi, P. tytleri, 

1615 specimens of Pigeons {CclumUformes). [89. 2. 2, 1-1615.] 
(Vol. xxi. of the *• Catalogue of Birds.") 

5 types: Sphenocercus minor, Columha neglecUi, C. palumboides, 
Turtur humilior. The type of Macropygia assimUis (Hume, ** Stray 
Feathers," ii., p. 441, 1874), from MoiUmein, was not in the col- 
lection. 

2120 specimens of Sand-Grouse (Pterodetes), Game-birds and Mega- 
podes (Oalli/ormes). [89. 5. 10, 1-2120.] (Vol. xxii. of the " Catalogue 
of Birds.") 

8 types : lumix albiventris, Microperdix manipurensis, M, hletvitti, 
Arhoricola mandellii, Caccabis paXlidus, C, pallescenSf Francolinus 
mdanonotus, Phasianus humiss. 

The type of Caccabis artnaria, from Aden, was not in the col- 
lection. 

882 specimens of Rails (Balliformes), Cranes (Orui/ormes), Bustards 
(Otides). [89. 11. 1, 1-588; 90. 2. 10, 1-45; 90. 2. 20, 1-249.] 
(Vol. xxiii. of the " Catalogue of Birds.") 

6 types : Eypotstnidia dbscurior, H, ahnormis, Ballina tdmatophila, 
Porzana elwesi, Orus lil/ordi, G, sharpei. 

2415 specimens of Wading Birds {Charadriiformes). [91. 10. 1, 
1-2415.] (Vol. xxiv. of the " Catalogue of Birds.") 

4 types : PhaJaroptis asiaticw, Lohipes tropicus, JEgialitis tenuirostris, 
Totanus haughtoni, 

882 specimens of Gulls and Terns (Lari/ormes) and Petrels (Procd- 
lariiformes). [90. 5. 20, 1-882.] (Vol. xxv. of the "Catologue of 
Bird«i.") 

6 types : StemtUa korustes, Sterna saundersi, S. gouldi, Larus 
innominatus, Stercorarius asiaticus, Puffinus persicus, 

1089 specimens of Ibises {Ihididm), Herons (Artfeidm), Pelicans and 



Birds. 393 

Cormorants (Stegariopodes), etc., Grebes (Podicipedifarme$). [93. 10. 1, 
1-15 ; 93. 10. 2, 1-689 ; 94. 6. 20, 1-220 ; 95. 2. 10, 1-165.] (Vol. xxvi. 
of the "Catalogue of Birds.") 

7 types: Chraptocephcdtts davisoni, Butortdes spodiogaster, Ardetla 
pulchray Phdethon indicus^ Pdecanus longirostris, Podicipes cUbipenniSf 
P. albescens, 

761 specimens of Oeese and Ducks (Anseri/ormes), [94. 6. 1, 1-761.] 
Vol. xxvii. of the " Catalogue of Birds.** 

2 types : Cygnus unwini, Nettion atbi/ulare, 

15,965 specimens of eggs. [91. 3. 20, 1-9999 ; 92. 9. 1, 1-5966.] 

This splendid collection has oeen described by Mr. Hume himself in 
his " Nests and Eggs of Indian Birds,** 8to, 1873, and again in Mr. Gates* 
edition of the above work (3 vols., 8vo, 1889-90), fJso in the " Catalogue 
of Birds' Eggs in the British Museum'* (vols, i.-v., 1901-1906). 

In the formation of this collection Mr. Hume received the assistance 
of a devoted body of Indian oologists, and the notes that they gave him 
are published in Mr. Hume's books quoted above. Among the best-known 
of the contributors were Greneral G. F. L. Marshall and his brother, 
Colonel C. H. T. Marshall, Colonel C. T. Bingham, Messrs. J. Gammie, 
L. Mandelli, E. W. Gates, W. Davison, W. Blewitt, R. Thompson, Rhodes 
Morgan, and Miss Cockburn. 

Mr. Allan Hume is the youngest son of the celebrated Joseph Hume, 
M.P., and has spent the best part of his life in India, where he was 
Commissioner of Customs and {Secretary to the Government of India, 
and has held many other appointments. During the mutiny he saved 
the women and children from Etawah, where he was in command at the 
time, as well as all the archives and treasure in the city, all of which he 
brought in safety to Agra. Besieged bv the mutineers in the latter city, 
he took a brave part in the defence, and received his C.B. for gallantry in 
the field. 

He will, however, be principally remembered for the wonderful 
collection of Indian birds and eggs, which he made between the years 
1862-1885. Not only did he collect vigorously himself, but he employed 
naturalists in all parts of the Indian Empire, and himself conducted 
expeditions to Sind and the Mekran Coast, the Andaman and Nicobar 
Islands, the Laccadives, and the hill regions of Manipur, etc. 

His assistant, William liuxton Davison, was provided with a staff of 
taxidermists, elephants, etc., and travelled for Mr. Hume in various 
districts of British India, during the space of 13 years. Davison was a 
skilled taxidermist and collector, and his explorations in Tenasserim and 
the Malay Peninsula resulted in the discovery of many new and inter- 
esting species. Mr. Hume also supplemented his own endeavours by the 
purchase of several other well-known collections, such as the late Mr. 
Mandelli*s series of Sikhim and Tibetan birds, the late Mr. W. E. Brooks* 
collections from the plains of India, and many others. For fifteen years 
he brought out a journal, "Stray Feathers" (1873-1888), in which he 
published the results of his own efforts and those of his colleagues. 

The Hume Collection was one of the most splendid donations ever 
made to the Nation, and added to the Museum, which had previously but 
a poor series of Indian birds, the largest and most complete collection 
of birds and eg<zs from the British Indian Empire the world has ever seen. 

The Hume Collection contained 258 types. 

Hungarian National Museum^ Budapest. 

477 birds from Hungary. Presented. [92. 6. 10, 1-104; 92. 7. 9, 
1-373.1 



394 Zoology. 

This fine series of Hungarian birds was presented by the National 
Museum after the Ornithological Congress at Budapest, and contained 
several species of great interest. 

Hunstein (Carl). 

See Gebbabd, £. 
The expedition of this young naturalist into the Horseshoe range ol 
the Astrolabe Mountains resulted in the discovery of two magnificent 
new species of Birds of Paradise {Paradisomis rudolfi and Astrarchia 
tttephanim)f as well as a species of Diphyllodes which was called 
D, hunsteini (cf. Finsch and Meyer, Zeitschr. ges. Om., 11., pp. 369-391, 
pis. XT.-xzii.), besides other new species. Hunstein was afterwards 
drowned by a tidal wave in New Britain. 

Hunter (H. C. V.). 

186 birds from the Teita district and Kilimanjaro in East Africa. 
Presented. [89. 3. 21, 1-186.] 

10 species were new to the collection, 7 of which were described by 
Capt. Shelley (P.Z.S., 1889, pp. 356-372, pis. xl., xli.). The new species 
were Cinnyris hunteri, Baits mixta^ Xenocichia nigriceps, X.placida^ 
Alcippe hUimensis [= Lioptilus abyssinictuX Ctsticola hunteri^ Zasterops 
penjncUlatcL Mr. Hunter was in pursuit of big-game, but he found time 
to make an interesting collection of birds for the Museum. 

18 birds from S. W. Siam. Presented. [89. 5. 23, 1-18.] 

Hutton {Capt.). 

23 birds and eggs from Kandahar. Presented. [66. 3. 26, 1-23J 
It appears on further examination that this donation included the 
types of species discovered by Capt. Hutton in Afghanistan, yiz., 
Emheriza huttoni, Blyth, J.A.S. Beng., xviii., p. 811, 1849, Carpodocus 
crassiroBtris, Blyth, J.A.S. Beng., xvi., p. 476, 1847 ( = Erythrospiza 
githaginea\ Argya huttoni^ Blyth, <.c., p. 476, Embertza aurifrons, Blyth, 
^c, p. 476 (= Serinua pusiUus). 

The types of the species of Palmomis described by Capt. Hutton in 
"Stray Feathers" (Vol. i., p. 335) as P. «iva7ew«», P. saoer, P. punjabi 
and P. vindhianaf do not appear to have come to the Museum. 

Ihering (Dr. von), Director of the San Paulo Museum, San 
Pafdoy Brazil 
3 birds from San Paulo. Presented. [1901. 8. 10, 1-3.] 
The type of ChiseUa iheringi, Sharpe, BuD. B.O.C., viiL, p. xl., 1899. 

Imperial Commission of Agriculture, West Indies. 

An example of the Sanderling (Calidris arenaria). Presented. [1904. 
7. 1, 1.] 

Imperial Institute. 

15 birds from Australia. Presented. [90. 12. 21, 1-15.] 

Im Thum {Ueut. J. K.), E,N. 

9 birds from Turkey and Greece. Presented. [1904. 6. 17, 1-4; 
1904. 7. 19, 1-5.] 



Birds. 395 

Inoe {Mrs.). 

42 bird*, principally from China. Presented. [82. 12. 10, 1-42.] 
Capt. Ince saw some service in China, and was, so I have been 
informed, a friend of John Reeves, who gave so many specimens to the 
Museum. Gould also knew him, and named a Paradise Flycatcher after 
him — MvMcipeta incei, from Shanghai. The type of this species was 
given by Gould to the India Museum (c/. Moore, Cat. 6. Mus. E. I. Co., 
i., p. 392). In the *' Catalogue " a reference is made to the original de- 
scription as "Gbuld, P.Z.S., 1852," but the bird was never described 
in the "Proceedings.** Capt. Ince seems to have been a friend of 
MacGillivray's, as among the birds presented by his widow was the type 
of Nectarinia austraHs, Gould, which we may presume was given to 
Capt. Ince by MacGillivray or by Gould. 

India, Secretary of State for. 

See Ikdia Museum. 

India Museum, Calcutta. 

See also Anderson, John ; Blanford, W. T. 
200 birds from Yun-nan and Upper Burma, collected by Dr. John 
Anderson. Presented. [76. 4. 7, 1-200.] 

418 specimens from Yarkand. Exchanged. [91. 7. 22, 1-418.] 
This was a set of the duplicates of the collection obtained by the 
second Yarkand Mission under Sir Douglas Forsyth. The collection was 
fully catalogued by me in the report published by the India Office. To 
this publication Mr. Hume presented several beautiful plates which he 
had had drawn for his projected " Birds of India." 

A specimen of Nyrooa baeri from Bengal. [98. 4. 18, 1.] 

46 birds in spirits. Presented. [99. 4. 16, 1-17 ; 1900. 7. 5, 1-28.] 

India Museum, London. 

23 birds from India. Presented by the Hon. E. I. Co. [42. 11. 8, 
7-29.] 

Mostly common species, but amongst the specimens was the type of 
Ihidorhynchus struthersi. 

54 specimens from Shoe, collected by Sir W. Comwallis Harris. 
Presented by the Hon. E. I. Co. [45. 6. 6, 1-54.] 

A set of the birds obtained during the expedition to Shoa promoted 
by the Hon. E. India Co. 

14 specimens from the Himalayas (mostly Hodgsonian specimens). 
Presented by the Hon. E. I. Co. [56. 5. 21, 7-20.] 

6015 specimens from various parts of the Indian Empire. Presented 
by the Secretary of State for India. [60. 4. 16, 1-584; 79.11.28, 
1-700 ; 80. 1. 1, 1-4731.] 

The transference of part of the India Museum collection to the British 
Museum began in 1860, but the final incorporation of the old Company's 
collection took place in 1880 (vide infra). 

172 birds from Shoa, collected by Sir W. Comwallis Harris. [61. 2. 5, 
1-34 ; 61. 5. 8, 1-138.] Presented by the Secretary of Stat« for India. 

In this collection was the type of Dienemellia dienemelli (Riipp. ex 
Horsf.). 

The above records chronicle the dispersal of the celebrated Museum of 
the old East India Company, and its incorporation in the National 
Collection. The history of the bird-collection is epitomised in the 
** Introductory Remarks " to the *' Catalogue of Birds in the Museum of 



396 Zoology. 

the Hon. East India Company," by Dr. Horsfield and Mr. F. Moore 
(2 vols., 8vo, 1853-1858), the work being actually done by the latter. 
Many famons naturalists helped to make this Museum celebrated, and 
the collections of Sir Stamford Raffles, Dr. Horsfield, Dr. McClelland, 
Sir K. Strachey, Dr. Cantor, Colonel Sykes, and other well-known men 
were preserved in the India Museum, which was at first kept at the 
House of the East India Company in Leadenhall Street. After the 
Mutiny the collections were removed to Fife House in Whitehall, and 
there I can remember seeing them when I began my work on the King- 
fishers. I can well recollect my kind reception by Mr. Frederic Moore, and 
with what reverence I handled the Kingfishers of that ancient collection. 
The Horsfieldian types have unfortunately nearly all perished, having 
been im|)erfectly preserved, and during the removal of the collections from 
Leadenhall Street to Fife House, although they were carefully packed, 
moths destroyed nearly the whole of them ; they are now in the British 
Museum, but are nearly all devoid of feathers. The destruction of these 
valuable specimens has always been a source of great grief to Mr. Moore. 

The preservation of birds in the older days was not much considered, 
and the specimens obtained by Colonel Sykes and Dr. McClelland were all 
preserved in a rough and ready manner, so that they have not withstood 
the ravages of time. Sir Stamford Raffles does not appear to have made 
many skins, but to have chiefly presented coloured drawings of the species 
he described. 

Among the Javanese birds of Horsfield's collecting were the types of 
the following species : — Hypotriorchis severus, Spizastus limnaetus, Astur 
soloensisy Polioaetus ichlhyai'ius, Olaucidium castanopterum. Scops lempiji^ 
S. ru/escenSf Bvbo orientalis, Ketupa ketupa, PhodUus hadiua, Symium 
seloputo, Collocalia linchi^ Macropieryx kUcho, Caprimvlgus macrurus, 
C. affinis, Eurylmmus javanicus^ CarcinetUes ptUchdlus^ Halcyon mdan-' 
opterus (= -ET. cyantventris), Alcedo meninting^ A, hiru (= -4. beryllina), 
Hemipus o&scurtM, Buchanga cinerctcea, Lanitts bentet, Chrauodlus javensis, 
Brachypteryx montana^ Oreocichla varia, Merula javanica^ MyiopJumeus 
flavirostriSf Arrenga cyanea, Turdintts sepiariuSf Timelia pUeata, PomaiO' 
rhinus montanus, Pycnonotus himaculatus, Pycnonotus simplex^ H. & M. 
i= P. plumostu), Pycnonotus analis (Horsf.), Eubigula dispart Oriniger 
gularis, lole maddlandi, Chloropsis viridis, C, javensis, Zoeterops flava, 
Z. javanica^ JEgithina scapularis, Oriolus xanthonotus^ Copsychus 
amoenusj Siphia banyurmis, Stoparola indigo, Orthotomus septum, Prinia 
familiariSy Cettia montanoy Mira/ra javanica, Corone enca, Phrenotrix 
temia (= Crypsorhina varians), ChntorheajavensiSyXantholmmaaustralis, 
Miglyptes tristis, Thriponax javensisy Chrysocolaptes strictuSy Ohrysonotus 
tiga, Qecinvs puniceus, Zandostomus javanicus, Sumiculus lugubris, 
ChaJcococcyx xanthorhynchus, C. hascHis, Phosnicophaus mdanognaihus 
( = Bhinococcyx curvirostris),Arhor%coIa orientdliSf Heteropygia acuminata^ 
Scolopax saturata, Ardeola speciosa, Dendrocygna arcttatOf and D. 
javanica. 

The above list has been taken from Horsfield and Moore's Catalogue 
and my " Hand-list of Birds," but there may still be a few of Horsfield's 
types which have escaped my notice. A certain number came into the 
Museum, but many were eaten up by moth. 

Of Raffles' types many were represented by actual specimens as well 
as by drawings, and these came with the rest of the collection from the 
East India Company's Museum. It is interesting to see from the intro- 
ductory remarks to Horsfield and Moore's Catalogue that the early 
collections made by Horsfield were presented by Raffles, as Lieutenant- 



Birds. 397 

Governor of Java, in 1813 and 1817. It was not until 1819 that 
Dr. Horsfield presented specimens on his own account. 

Tiie following Rafflesian types wore added to the Museum by the 
dispersion of the India Museum : — Spizaetus oaligatus, Ninox scutulata^ 
Lanivbs divaricattu (? = L. tigrinus), Tephrodomis gularis, Mixomis 
gulariSy JSthopyga siparaja^ Chrysococcyx malayanvs, Zanclostomus 
sumairanuSf Bhinortha c/iloropJiaa, Microptemas hadius^ Oecinu$ affinis^ 
Choiorhea versicolor, Tanygnathus sumatranus, Ducula bttdiat Rallina 
fasciaiaf Eurylmmus ochromelas, Cory don Bumatraum, Calyptomtna 
viridis. 

There were also the types of Colonel Sykes's collection from the Deccan, 
described by him in the *• Proceedings of the Zoological Society for 1832 " 
(pp.77-99): — Columba dphinstonei, Sykes, Accipiter duMiunensis^ = Astur 
haditui), Astur hyder ( = Butastur teesa), Circus pallidus ( = C. macrurus). 
Circus variegatus ( = (7. xruginosus\ Milvus govinda^ Muscioapa poonensis 
( = Alseonax latirostris), M. cmruleocephala ( = Hypothymis azurea\ 
Hemipus picatus, Fetrocinda maaJ ( = Moniicola cyana), Argya malcolmi, 
Crateropus somervilleif Fomatorhinus horsfieldiy Uypolais rama^ Bumesia 
socidliB, Frinia inomata^ Orthotomus beneiii and 0, lingoo {= Sutoria 
sutoria), Budytes beema, B, melanocephalay Motadlla Tnelanocephalus 
( = Jf. feldeggt), Megcdurus ruficeps ( = Fdlonieum ruficeps\ Anthus 
agilis (= A, trivicUis), Saxicola bicoior and S, erythropygia (= Praiincola 
caprata), 8. rubeculoides (= Muscicapa albicUIa), Cdlandrdla dukhu- 
nensiSf Spizdlauda dera, Emheriza svhcristaia ( = Mdophus rnelanicterus\ 
Londiura cheet (= Aidemosyne malaharica)^ Fastor mahratteruiSf Corvus 
culminatvSf Fstttctcus mdanorhynchus (= FcHmornis peristerodes)^ Cin- 
tiyris vigorsi, C. minima, C. concolor ( = J&. vigorsi, $ ). 

In addition to these very important types there are ako those of several 
sjpecies described by Mr. Frederic Moore : — Brachypteryx nipalensia^ 
Fnoepyga longioaudaia, Alcippe cantori (= MalcKopterum affine, Blyth), 
Turdinus magrtirostriSf Microtarsus olivaccus (= Fycnonotus simplex), 
M. cantori (= Finarocichla euptilosa), Jlypsipetes nicohaHensis, Ixtdus 
castaneiceps (= Staphidia castaneiceps), Irena mdlayensis ( = /. cyanea\ 
Nemura hoagsoni (= Niiidula hodgsoni), Buticilla nipalensis {= B. 
rufiventris), B. hodgsoni, B, vigorsi {= B, erythrogaster), B. rufogularis 
{B, erythronota), Orthotomus flavoviridis (= 0, atrigularis), Horeites 
major, Suya atrogularis, Frinia nipalensis (= P. inomata), Abromis 
albigularis. A, hodgsoni, A. affiuis. Accentor huttoni {= A, atrigularis\ 
A. rubeculoides, jEgithaliscus leucogenys, Otocorys longirosiris, Emheriza 
stracheyi, E. castaneiceps, Uroloncha leucogastroides, Corvus sinetisis 
(= C levaillanti), C, tenuirostris, Megalama nuuxlellandi {= Thereiceryx 
lineatd), Chrysococcyx hodgsoni (= C. maculatus), Upupa nigripennis^ 
Arachnothtra temmincki (= -4. crassirostris). 

Of McClelland's species described in the '* Proceedings of the Zoological 
Society " for 1839 (pp. 146-167), the types of the following were acquired 
from the India Museum : — Spizaetus ( = Astur) rufitinctus, Tinnunculus 
interstinctus, Hirundo brevirostris (= Collocalia brevirostris), IL brevi- 
caudata (= Clivicola sinensis), Fhcenicomis elegans (= Fericrocotus 
speciosus) (c/. Oates, Faun. Brit. Ind., Birds, I., p. 479), F. affinis (= P. 
brevirostris), Muscicapa ( = Hemipus) capitalis, Idle macdellandi, Hypsipetes 
gi-acQis (= Lioptila gracilis), Qrav4xilu8 maculosus (= Campophaga 
lugubris), lanthocinda gularis, L lunaris ( = Dryonastes ruficollis), Ixus 
monticola (= Otocompsa jocosa), Saxicola oHvea{= Oligura cyaniventer\ 
Liothrix lepida (= Siva cyanuroptera), L, signata (= hiltava ma^c^ 
gregorim), L, ornata (= Minla ignotincta, but the type was apparently 



398 Zoology. 

never sent to tbe India Museum), Mirafra assamica, M, flavicoUis 
(= Emberiza aureola)^ Lonchura melanocepJicUa (= Munia atricapiHa)^ 
Dendrocitia frontalis, Coracias affiniB, Oecintdus grarUia, Oinnyris omo- 
mentis ( = JEihopyga saturcUa), C. labecula ( = ^. seherim), CfUoropsis 
chrysogaster (= C. hardwickC), 

IngaU (G.). 

88 specimens of sterna, etc., of British birds. Presented. [44. 12. 28, 
1-88.] 

Ingham {Sir James). 

13 specimens from tbe Louisiade Archipelago and Cloudy Bay, 
S.E. New Guinea. Presented. [78. 10. 19, 1-13.1 

These were obtained by his son, who was an official in British New 
Guinea when the colony was first founded. This collection contained an 
example of Goura albertisif received by the Museum for the first time. 

Inglis (J.). 

See Watkiitb and Doncusteb. 
Mr. Inglis collected in Cachar, and a series of his skins is in the 
Hume Collection. He has also written several papers on birds ((f. Stray 
F., v., pp. 1-47 ; ix., pp. 241-269 ; Joum. Bomb. N. H. Soc., xiii., pp. 621- 
631; xiv., pp. 132-139, 362-371, 554-563, 764-771; xv., pp. 70-77, 
337-343. 

Ingram (Collingwood). 

26 birds from Argentina. Presented. [1901. 9. 25, 1-18 ; 1901. 11. 9, 
1-8.] 

A variety of the Mistle Thrush (7\trdu8 viscivorus). Presented. 
[1905. 7. 1, 1.] 

A specimen of Turturferrago. Presented. [1904. 7. 3, 1.] 

Mr. Collingwood Ingram is the son of Sir William Ingram, Bart, and 
has collected specimens for the Museum in the countries in which he 
travels. 

Ingram {Sir William), Bart, 

135 birds from San Paulo, Brazil. Presented. [1901. 3. 28, 1-103 ; 
1902. 2. 22, 1-32.] 

This collection was made by M. Robert at Sao Paulo, S.E. Brazil, 
and presented by Sir William Ingram, who was one of the subscribers to 
the expedition. 

4 specimens of Oryptunis tataupa, Plegadis faldneUus «rA Fhlogcenas 
crinigera. Presented. [1904. 12. 3, 1-2 ; 1904. 12. 20, 1 ; 1904. 12. 29, 1.] 

2 young specimens of the Abyssinian Francolin {Ftemistes leucoscepus). 
Presented. [1905.6.22,1-2.] 

A Cape Penguin. [1905. 7. 23, 1.] 

A young Scarlet Ibis {Eudocimus ruber). Presented. [1905. 8. 3, 1.] 

A specimen of Rhynchotue rufescens. Presented. [1905. 9. 1, 1.] 

A Francolin and a Burmese Myna (Ampeliceps coronatue). Presented. 
[1905.9.13,1; 1905.11.12,1.] 

Irby (Ool, Leonard Howabd). 

98 birds from Gibraltar and Southern Spain. Presented. [72. 10. 3, 

22-64; 72. 10. 4, 5 ; 80. 12. 14, 1-44 ; 87. 6. 3, 1-5 ; 87. 6. 29, 1-5.] 
9 birds from Suffolk. Presented. [88. 3. 10, 1-9.] 
9 birds from tbe island of Tiree. Presented. [88. 12. 15, 1-9.] 



Birds. 399 

A specimen of the Elobby (Falco subbuteo) from Cuckfield, Sussex. 
Pl«»nte<L [1904. 10. 'U, 1.] 

Colonel Irby is the well-known historian of the Ornithology of the 
Straits of Gibrolr>fer (c/. London, 1875, 8vo, pp. 1-236 ; 2nd edition, 
London, 1895,^6vo, pp. 1-326). Among the rare species presented by 
7 ™. *? ^^}^^^yixn. from Southern Sj>ain was Savi's Warbler (Loeustdla 
iMidnioidef^^ of which he gave a series of the birds with nests and 



Ja^Mon (Captain Frederick G.). 

Is from Cape Flora and other places in Franz Josef Land. Pre- 
fited. [98. 1. 2, 1-33.] 

Nest and eggs, witn parent-birds, of the Ivory Gull (PagophUa 
''tburnea). Presented. 

Mr. Jackson was the leader of the Jackson-Harmsworth expedition to 
tbe Arctic (cf. his work, " A Thousand Days in the Arctic," London and 
New York, 1899 (?), 8vo, I., pp. xxi, 551 ; II., pp. xv, 580). He was 
keenly interested in natural history, and did what he could to collect 
during his two winters passed in Franz Josef Land. He discovered a 
nesting colony of the Ivory Gull (FagophUa ebumea), and presented to 
the Museum an interesting case of these birds, with the nest and eggs 
in situr—one of the most interesting of the bird-groups. He also recordeid, 
for the first time, the occurrence of the Lapland Bunting {Cal^xxriuB 
lapponicus) in Frahz Josef Land. 

Jackson (Frederick J.), C.B., 0M,0. 

162 birds from Teita and Mt. Kilimanjaro, Manda Island and Lamu. 
Presented. [87. 11. 3, 1-33, 54-176; 87. 11. 29, 1-7; 88. 2. 1, 
1-44.J 

This collection contained no less than 18 species new to the Museum, 
including the type of Ploceus jacksoni and many other valuable specimens. 
Jt was described by Capt. Shelley in the "Ibis" for 1888 (pp. 287-306, 
I)ls. vL and vii.). 

Two eggs of Struthio Tnassaictu, Presented. [91. 1. 30, 1, 2.] 

47 birds from Mount Elgon and the neighbouring districts. Pre- 
sented. [93. 12. 1, l-i7.] 

Of these 47 specimens, no less than 44 were types of new species. 
The collection was described by me in the '* Ibis " for 1891, pp. 117-127, 
233-260, pis. iv.-vi., 587-602, pis. xii. and xiii, 1892, pp. 152-164, pi. iv., 
299-322, pi. vii., 534-555, pi. xiv. 

10 types of new species from Uganda. Presented. [97. 4. 1, 1; 
97. 10. 31, 1-9.] 

18 types of new species from the Nandi district. Presented. [99. 8. 
13, 1-8; 1900. 6. 22, 1-6; 1901. 10. 9, 12; 1901. 11. 12, 1-2.] 

26 types of new species from the Huwenzori Range. Presented. 
[1902. 12. 8, 1-17; 1903. 9. 16, 1; 1904. 4. 25, 1; 1904. 6. 28, 1, 2; 
1905. L 10, 1-4; 1906. 1. 6, 1.1 

Described by me in the " Bulletin cf the British Ornithologists' Club," 
vol. vi., p. xlviii. ; vii., pp. vi., vii. ; x., pp. xxvii., xxviii. ; xi., pp. 28, 29, 
57 ; xiii., pp. 7-10, 20, 21, 50 ; xiv., pp. 19, 94 ; and by Mr. Jackson in 
vols. viii. (pp. xxii., 1.), xiv., pp. 74, 94. A few species have also been 
described by Mr. Ogilvie-Grant, and others by Mr. Oscar Neumann. 

8 birds from British East Africa aod Uganda. Presented. [1904. 
10. 10, 1-8.1 

Some idea 'of tbe value of Mr. Jackson's donations to the National 



400 Zoology, 

Collection may *be gathered from the follouvSng list of types (06 in 
number) pretented by him : — Francolinm jackson^^iLF, uluensis, F. strep- 
phortt8y F. elgonensiSf F. kikuyuetisis, Numida r«S|cA«nom, Haplopdia 
Jackson i, Turturoena sharpei, Lophoceros jackBonit Irria^tjackson i , Mditfo- 
phagus oreobates, Cuculus jacksoni^ Barbatula leucomyalff^^t B, jacksonif 
Oymnohucco cinereiceps^ Trachyphonus elgonensis, Dendr^kg^v^ palliduSj 
Dendropicus nandensts, Mezopicus ruweiizori^ Hirtmdo arcffifc^cto, Pori- 
8oma jacksoni, Platystira j'acksoni, Cryptolopha Imta, C. ma^tl^nzianaf 
Trochocerctis cUbonotatus, Oraucalus purus, Bieda pallidigula^ ^^^dka- 
inegm, B, kikuyuensis, B. leucolmma^ Andropadus Imtissimus, Cr<ucMT<>P^ 
buxtoni, Turdinus cUriceps, T, jacksoni, Bathmedonia jacksoni, MSK^<f 
dgonensiSf M, barakm, Callene tequatorialis, Oossypha giHseisticta, Cai'ch^t' 
Erythropygia ukambensiSf Alethe poliophrys, MyrmecocicMa cryptoleuo^ 
Cisiicola ambigua, C. chubbi, CaiamocicKla jacksoni^ CrypiUlas rufescens^ 
ApaJis pulchra, A. jacksoni, A. personata, Euprinodes cinereus, Dryodro- 
mas rufidorsaliSf Sylviella jacksoni, S. minimay 8. leucophrys, 8. barakas, 
Camaropieragriseigula, Bumesia ugandm { — B, reichenowi. Hart].), Ftscus 
mackinnoni, Ihryoscopus albo/asciatus, D. pringlei, D. nandensis, D, jack- 
soni, Laniarius castaneiceps (= D. luhderi, Keicbenow), Farus nigri- 
cineretis, P. barakm, Zosterops kikuyuensis, Nectarinia barakm (= N. 
purpureiventris, Reichenow), N, mneigularis, N. jacksoni (= N. tacazze, 
Kiipp.), Cyanomitra alinm, Cinnyris bradshawi ( = (7. deminuta, Cab.), 
C. reichenoivi, Anthus latistrialus, Macronyx winUmi, M. sharpei, Serinus 
aXbifrons, Foliospiza striatipcctvs, Drepanoplecles jcuikfoni, Fenthetriopsis 
humeraliSf Urobractiya nigronotata, Fyromelana xanthochIamys(= F, 
ansorgei, Hartert), Cryplospiza jacksoni, C. ocularis, C. shdleyi, HcieV' 
hyphantes stephanophorus, Hyphantornis jacksoni, Sycobrotus insignis, 
8. nandensis, Niarita schistaoea, Sitagra aiiena, Lamprotomis brevicauda, 
Oaleopsar sahxtaorii, Fceoptera greyi, Amydrus elgonensis, Fholidauges 
sharpei, 

Jamaica Institute. 

20 birds from Jamaica. Purchased. [1905. 1. 31, 1-20.] 

James (Habby Bebkeley). 

1382 birds and 678 eggs from Chili. Presented. [91. 9. 9, 1-263 ; 
92. 2. 10, 1-1042; 93. 7. 1, 1-63; 96. 12. 31, 3-16; 98. 1. 4, 1-678.] 

Mr. Berkeley Jarnes made considerable collections of birds himself and 
purchased specimens from Ley bold and other Chilian naturalists. He also 
acquired the collections made by Messrs. Kahmerand A. A. Lane in 'Uara- 
pac^ (qf. Scl., P.Z.S., 1886, pp. 395-404, pi. xxxvi). Mr. James wrote the 
** New List of Chilian Birds," which is the latest catalogue of the binls 
of that portion of South America. His donation of such a complete series 
of birds and eggs was a very valuable one. It included the type of 
Fhcmicopterus jamesi and a Sand Plover (^gicUitis occidentalis), new to 
the oollectioD. 

James {Sir H. Evan). 

62 birds from South Manchuria. Presented. [86. 12. 21, 1-45; 
87. 6. 2, 1-37.] 

Two interesting collections of birds were presented by Sir Evan 
James, being the only ones which the Museum has ever obtained from 
this part of Northern Asia. Sir Evan James, when stationed in Sind, 
made some collections of birds which he sent to Mr. Hume (Str. F., i.. 
pp. 419-421 ; iii., p. 418; v., pp. 61, 62 ; ix., p. 235). 



Birds. 401 

JameB (Dr.). 

See HiGGiNS, T. 
12 birds from British New Guinea. [77. 4. 6, 1-12.] 

Jameson (!&«.). 

17 specimens from Tambuya, on the Aruwhimi River, Upper Congo. 
[90. 3. 3, 1-17.] 

These birds were presented to the Museum by Mrs. Jameson after her 
husband's death ; 6 species were new to the Musexmi, and the types of 
8 new species, described by Capt. Shelley in the "Ibis" for 1890 
(pp. 156-170, pi. Y.\ and by myself in the Appendix to the ** Story of 
^e Bear-column" a890, pp. 392-422) (Cosaypha bariteloti, Fholidomis 
jamesoni and Dioj^iorophyia jame$on%\ were added. 

205 specimens from lifashona Land. Presented. [1900. 2. 4, 1-205.] 

This was the collection made by the late J. S. Jameson during his well- 
known expedition to Mashona Land in the days when it was practically 
unexplored. He was accompanied by the veteran naturalist, IL-. Thomas 
Ayres, who wrote some interesting notes on the habits of the birds 
collected by the expedition (c/. Shelley, Ibis, 1882, pp. 236-263, 349-368, 
td. vii.). A few specimens were given by Jameson to Capt Shelley, and 
have passed into the Museum along with the Shelley collection of African 
birds, and the remainder wore presented by Mrs. Jameson. 

102 specimens from the Aruwhimi River. Presented. [1900. 2. 10, 
1-102.] 

This was the collection made daring the Emin Pasha relief expedition, 
and was given by Mrs. Jameson after her husband's death. 

A second collection, left by Jameson at the time of his death at 
Tambuya, never reached his wife, but was ultimately disposed of by a 
survivor of the expedition to the Hon. Walter Rothschild as having been 
collected by himself; some of the specimens, however, bore labels in the 
handwriting of my late friend. 

59 specimens from the Lawas River, N.W. Borneo. Presented. [1901. 
1. 31, 1-59.] 

In 1877 Jameson visited N.W. Borneo, and made an expedition up 
the Lawas River, which was then very little known. He discovered 
MactiaerhamphuB cUcinus in Borneo, but most of his early collections were 
mounted in glass cases, and only a small portion of the Lawas series 
passed into the Museum. 

Jameson was an enthusiastic collector, and made a great mistake in 
paying money to be allowed to join the Stanley expedition for the relief 
of Emin Pasha. He could easily have made an expedition on his own 
aocoimr, and would then have had a real opportunity for collecting ; as it 
was he was able to do very little natural history work on the Congo, and 
ultimately lost his life. His aim was to have done something important 
in the way of scientific exploration, and his " Apologia " is to be seen in 
his posthumous volume on the adventures of the Rear-column (q.v.^ pp. 
392-422). 

Janson (Edward Wesley). 

9 birds from Chili. Purchased. [72. 5. 27, 16-24]. 

17 birds from Japan. Purchased. [76. 7. 25, 1-17.] 

9 birds from the Fiji Islands, collected by Dr. Smith. Purchased. 
[78. 8. 3, 1-9.] 

38 birds from Japan and the Liu-Eiu Islands, collected by the late 
Harry Pryer. Purchased. [80. 11. 1, 1-26 ; 87. 10. 2, 1-12.] 

VOL. II. 2 D 



402 Zoology. 

Two species of Woodpeckers (^Oecinus aiifokera and lyngipicus kisukC} 
were new to the collection. 

6 birds from Queensland, collected by Mr. Horace Flower. Purchased. 
[81. 3. 5, 1-6.] 

40 birds from Japan, collected by Professor Milne. Purchased. [83. 
3. 29, 1-40.] 

27 specimens from the Tenimber Islands, Bum, and Amboina, collected 
by Dr. H. 0. Forbes. Purchased. [84. 5. 14, 1-27.] 

These were a few additional specimens from the Timor-laut expedition, 
with the type of Myzornda vHikoloensis, and examples of Aprosmictus 
Imruenais and JRhipidura Umi^ new to the collectioD. 

11 specimens of British birds from the sale of the Vingoe collection. 
Purchased. [89.5.27,1-11.] 

Among these was the specimen of the Iceland Gull {Larus islandicus)^ 
shot in Mount's Bay in April 1873. 

Janson (Oliver E.). 

41 birds from Luzon, Philippine Islands, collected by Mr. John White- 
head. Purchased. [96. 1. 17, 1-15 ; 96. 1. 18, 1-26.] 

24 species new to the collection. ' 

76 birds from Samar, Negros, Mindoro, Leyte, and North Luzon, also 
collected by Mr. John Whitehead. [98. 1. 11, 1-76.] 

The Museum purchased the second set of Mr. Whitehead's collection 
from his Philippine expedition. 

104 birds in spirits and 34 eggs from Costa Rica, collected by Mr. C. 
F. Underwood. Purchased. [99. 11. 30, 1-34; 1900. 6. 21, 1-104.] 

Mr. Underwood is a well-known collector in Costa Rica, and has 
described some of his experieuces in a paper published in the *' Ibis " for 
1896, pp. 431-451. 

5 birds from Flying Fish Cove, Christmas Island. Purchased* [1900. 
3. 23, 1-5.] 

104 birds in spirits from Costa Rica, collected by Mr. C. F. Underwood. 
[1900. 6. 21, 1-104.] 

122 eggs from Costa Rica, collected by Mr. C. F. Underwood. [1904. 
7. 16, 1-122.] 

47 nests and eggs from Costa Rica, collected by Mr. C. F. Underwood. 
Purchased. j;i905. 9. 6, 1-47.] 

Mr. E. W. Janson was a very well-known entomologist, and com- 
menced business with his son Oliver in Bloomsbury in 1867 as a natural 
history agent, bookseller and publisher. He was of Dutch extniction, 
was bom March 14, 1822, and educated at the college of La Fl^he in 
France, and afterwards in Edinburgh. 

The agency is continued by Mr. Oliver Janson since hii father's 
death on Sept. 14, 1891. The son is also a good entomologist. The 
libraiy formed by Mr. E. W. Janson passed into the possession of Mr. 
Van de Poll of Amsterdam, and his collection of Elateridm was purchased 
by the British Museum. 

Jardine (Sir William), Bart, 

5 birds from Tobago. Presented. [46. 4. 17, 1-5.] 

These were a few birds from the Tobago collection sent by Mr. Kirk 

to Sir W. Jardine, and described in the " Contributions to Ornithology " 

for 1852 (pp. 63-68). 

See " Diet Nat. Biogr.," xxix., pp. 251-262. 



Birds. 403 

Jayakar (Surgeon-Oeneral A. S.). 

174 birds from Muscat. Presented. [88. 10. 13, 1-13 ; 91. 2. 1, 1-56 ; 
98. 5. 16, 1-75; 99. 2. 6, 1-30.] 

The first collection made by Dr. Jayakar was presented by Colonel 
Miles, the GK>vemor of Muscat, to the Museum, which has received several 
subsequent consignments of valuable birds from Dr. Jayakar himself. I 
described the original collection in the *• Ibis" for 1886 (pp. 162-168, 
pi. vL), where a new Eagle-Owl (Bubo milesi) was figured. A new Bee- 
eater {MerofB mtuoatemis, Sharpe) was figured by Mr. H. E. Dresser in 
his •* Monograph of the Bee-eaters " (pi. 10). 

Jerdon (T. C). 

147 birds from various parts of India. Presented. [45. 1. 10, 1-57 ; 
46. 4. 30, 1-51 ; 46. 11. 9, 16-49; 47. 3. 18, 11-15.] 

Most of Dr. Jerdon's specimens were registered and published as from 
" Madras." This may be true as regards the Presidency from which they 
came, but it is cert?.in that his early collections were made in the Nilghiri 
Hills, though he also travelled through the Carnatic, the Northern Circars, 
the Wynaad, etc. 

Most of the types of his new species appear to have been presented to 
the Museum, but not all. I have discovered the following types 
in the collection: — Ochromela nigroru/a, TurdtUus wardiy Merula 
aimillimOj HypsipeUs nilghiriensis, Frinia syluatica, AcrocepJuUus 
agricoiaj Pycnonotus xanthdama, Malacocercus orientalis ( = Crateroptu 
canorus), MegcUunts striatus (= Chmtomis locustelloides), Mirifra, 
erythropierc^ M, affinis, M. hayi (= Spizalauda deva\ Dendrocopua 
dlioti (= Chrysocdaptes festivus)^ Oecinu8 chlorigaster, Rhopodytes 
viridirosirisj Osmotreron hicincta^ Crocopus cMorigaster, LopkophortLS 
Bcktteri, Tragopan hlyihi. 

The types of Muscicapida superciliariSf Munia pectoralis, Anthus 
iimUiSy Ducula cuprea, lyngipicus hardwickeiy MicroptemtM gularis^ 
Thriponax hodgsoni, and Macrorhamphus semipalmcUtu do not 
appear to have come to the Museum. One of the types of Hirundo 
iytUri was given by Jerdon to Gould, and by the latter to Seebohm 
[98.10.20,187]. 

17 birds from Upper Burma. Presented. [62. 1. 17, 12-28.] 

Included the types of Crypsirhina cuctdlaUt^ Pericrocotus alhifrons, 
Pycnonotus hlanfordijPyctorhisaltirostriSf OrthotomuscoronatuBj Stumia 
nemoricoUif and 8. burmanica. These species were described by Blyth 
(J.A.S. Beng, xxxi., p. 342, 1862) and by Jerdon himself (P.Z.S., 
1861, p. 199, 1862, p. 19). 

Jerdon was only sixty-one years of age when he died, and I knew him 
very well after his retirement from India. He entered the service of the 
Hon. East India Company in 1835, and in 1869 he was a *' Retired 
Deputy Inspector-Oeneral of Hospitals." His early work was done in 
the Madras Presidency, but he afterwards visited other parts of the 
Empire, discovered some new species in Sikhim and again in Assam and 
Burma, receiving from the Government of India special facilities for 
travel and collecting. His " Birds of India " was an epoch-making book, 
and laid the foundation for the splendid work which was inaugurated by 
Mr. Hume and his successors (c/. "Ibis," 1872, p. 342 ; Diet. Nat. Biogr., 
XXIX., p. 338). 

An excellent memoir of Jerdon and his work was published by his 
old friend. Sir Walter Elliot, in the "Proceedings of the Berwickshire 
Naturalists' Club." 

2 D 2 



404 Zoology. 

Jesse (W.). 

Naturalist to the Abyssinian Expedition, 1868. He arrived too late 
to accompany the march to Magdak, but collected around Senaf($, and 
afterwards accompanied Dr. W. T. Blanford in an excursion to the Anseba 
Valley. His collection was purchased by the Marquis of Tweeddale, and 
was presented to the Museum, with the rest of the Tweeddale collection, 
by Colonel Wardlaw Ramsay (g.v.). 

Johnston (^SiV Harbt H.), O.O.M.O., KO.B. 

1400 birds from Nyasa Land. Presented. [92. 9. 10, 1-267 ; 93. 6. 1, 
1-334; 93.7.30,1-168; 94.5.5,1-148; 94.8.20,1-35; 96.2.10,1-15; 
97. 11. 4, 1-389; 97. 12. 29, 1-39.1 

These collections were described by Gapt. Shelley in the ''Ibis'* for 
the following years :— 1893 (pp. 1-29, pis. i.-iii.), 1894 (pp. 1-28, pis. i., ii. ; 
pp. 461-478, pL xii.), 1896 (pp. 177-184, pi. iv.), 1897 (pp. 618-654, 
pk xi., xii.), 1898 (pp. 376-381). 

The following species were characterised as new by the above-named 
author: — Francolinus johnstoni, Haplopdia johnstonif Agapomis lilianm^ 
Frodotiscus zambesim, Lyhius zombm, Smilorhis whfftei^ ntrundo astigma 
( = i7. emim)^ Al&eonax siibadusUif FogonodehiajohnsUmi, BcUia dimorphd, 
Andropadus mcuukuefisiSy EuriUas zombenns, FhyUostrophus cervini- 
ventriSj Bleda milar^'ensiSf B./uscicepSf B, dlivaceiceps (= B. striifacies), 
Mendamilanjensia, Cosaypha modesta^ Callene anomala, CryptiUas nyasm, 
Ciaticola nimilorts, Apalis flavigtttaris^ SylvieUa whytei, Laniarius 
hertrandi, Farus xanthostomuSf Serintu whytei, Fyrenestes minor, 
Cryptospiza australis, Hyphantomis herirandi, B, nyasm, Oriolus 
chloricephalus, 

181 birds from Uganda and other parts of British Equatorial Africa. 
[1901. 10. 20, 1-158; 1901. 10. 24, 1-23.] 

This collection, made during Sir Harry Johnston's travels in Uganda 
as H.B.M. Commissioner, when he visited Mau, Baringo, Suk, Nandi, 
Elgon, BasogA, Uganda, Unyoro, Toro, the Aukole districts, Euwenzori, 
the Semliki valley, and the forests on the border of the Congo Free State. 
In these journeys he had as taxidermist Mr. Walter G. Doggett, who was 
afterwards unfortunately drowned during the late Anelo-G«rman Frontier 
Commission. This collection I have described in the "Ibis" for 1902 
(pp. 96-121, pi. v.), where is also figured the beautiful new Touracou, 
Oallirex johnstonif Sharpe. 

Sir Harry Johnston, in addition to being a famous administrator of 
British African possessions, has always actively developed the natural 
resources of the countries over which he has ruled, and both in Nyasa- 
Land, where he was H.B.M. Commissioner for many years, and in 
Uganda, where his later administrative work was done, he has made 
vfiduable collections of natural history objects. Forty species new to the 
Museum, with 30 types of new species, were sent by him from Nyasa- 
Land. These birds were chiefly collected by Mr. Alexander Whyte, the 
Government botanist. Since Sir Harry's retirement from Nyasa-Land, 
the good work of zoological exploration has been continued by his 
successors. General Manning and Sir Alfred Sharpe. 
See also antea, Bbitish Association. 

Johnstone (StV Fbedrbio), Bari. 

169 birds from the West Indies and Venezuela. Presented. [1904. 
3. 25, 1-5; 1904. 5. 28, 1-164.] 



Birds. 405 

Jones {lAeiU. W. A. Watts), B.E. 

8 birda from Yun-nan. Presented. [99. 8. 5, 1-8.] 

These were skins of Game Birds, Peacocks (Pavo muticus), and 

Amherst's Pheasants (Chrysolophua amherstim), 

Lieut. Watts Jones had all the making of a good collector in him, but 

he was unfortunately killed during the outbreak of the Boxers in China. 

Jones {Major Hbnbt). 

6 specimens of the Sungarian Pheasant (Phasianus (dpherQkyi\ frt>m 
Kharbin. New to the collection. Presented. [1903. 4. 6, 1-6.T 

7 birds from South Paraguay. Presented. [1904. 4. 6, 1-7.J 

Major Jones has made a special study of the (iame-Birds (Chulifarmes) 
and Ducks (Anseri/ormeB), and has a series of really beautiful paintings, 
all executed by himself, and illustrating monographically every species of 
the above-mentioned Orders of birds. The specimens of PhanantiB 
cdphemkyi which he eave to the Museum were purchased by him in 
Leadenhall Market, when a large consignment arrived from Kharbin 
in 1903. 

Jonrdain {Bev. F. C. R.). 

4 eggs of the Black-tailed Godwit (Ltmosa limo9a) from Holland. 
Presented. [1904.7.2,1-4.] 

Jokes {Dr, Joseph Bbete). 

158 specimens of birds and eggs, mostly from the northern coast of 
Australia and Tasmania. Presented. [44. 7. 16, 1-107; 46. 10. 14, 
1-36 ; 46. 10. 15, 1-16.] 

Dr. Jukes was naturalist to H.M.S. Fly on the surveying expedition 
of that vessel to Cape York, Port Essington, and the northern coast of 
Australia. See his book, the " Voyage of H.M.S. Fly,"* vols, i., pp. 1-423, 
ii., pp. 1-362 (1847). The Fly River, in Southern New Guinea, was 
discovered during the voyage of the Fly^ and was named after the ship 
(^. Diet. Nat. Biogr., xxx., p. 224). 

Kanp (Dr. J.). 

6 European birds. Presented. [46. 1. 1, 1-5.] 

Dr. Kaup was a well-known figure in scientific circles during the early 
years of the nineteenth century, and was a devoted exponent of the 
quinary system. He was for many years Director of the Darmstadt 
Museum, and made Bpecial study of the Accipitres (cf. Jardine's " Con- 
tributions to Ornithology for 1852," pp. 103-122 ; Tr. Z. S., iv., pp. 201- 
260, pis. Ivi., Ivii.). 

On the Falconidm he wrote monographic articles in the "Isis" 
(1847, pp. 39-79, 83-121, 161-212, 241-283, 325-386). His " Skizzirte 
Entwickelungs-Geschichte u. nattiri. System der eiirop. Thierwelt,|* in 
1829, was one of the important books of the quinary times, and contained 
many descriptions of new genera, which were well characterised, and 
many of them are recognised at the present day. 

Kelaart {Dr. E. F.). 

21 specimens from Ceylon. Presented. [52. 11. 26, 9-29.] 

Dr. Kelaart was the pioneer of our knowledge of the Avifaima of 

Ceylon, and his " Prodromus Faunae Zeylanicse " was for many years the 

standard book on the subject, imtil the appearance of Colonel Legge's 

monimiental work. 



406 Zoology. 

The tyi)e8 of his new species, described by Blyth, went to the Calcutta 
Museum (c/. Legge, Birds of Ceylon, Introduction, p. x.). 

Kellett (Oapt,) [afterwards Sir Hekby]. 

273 birds from the Pacific Coast of North America. [50. 1. 31, 1-230 ; 
51. 9. 10, 1-21 ; 51. 10. 1, 1-22.] 

When in command of the Herald, in 1850, Capt Kellett and Lieut. 
Wood made considerable collections of birds, some of which were of great 
interest to the Museum. Apparently all were properly labelled, but the 
smaller birdo were put into paper cones which came off in transit, and 
very few of the original labels were preserved. Cf. Speelman, "Voy. 
H.M.S. J3emZrf," 2 vols., 8vo, 1853. 

8 nests and eggs of birds from Panama. Presented. [50. 2. 12, 1-8.] 

Cj\ Diet. Nat. Biogr., xxx., p. 342. 

Kelsall {Major H. J.). 

36 birds from Singapore and Pahang in the Malay Peninsula. 
Presented. [94. 2. 3, 1-36.] 

Kemp (Robin). 

72 birds from Sierra Leone. Presented. [1903. 8. 9, 1-24 ; 1903. 
9. 15, 25-72.] 

6 specimens of the Sierra Leone Francolin (JFrancolinxa thoniei). 
Presented. [1903. IL 3, 1-6.] 

473 birds from Sierra Leone. Purchased, [1904. 6. 3, 1 ; 1904. 6. 5, 
1-242; 1905.1.25,1-230.] 

205 birds from Lower Nigeria. Purchased. [1906. 2. 1, 1-205.] 

Mr. Bobin Kemp was bom in North London in 1871, and in 1902 
was Assistant Accountant to the railway then being constructed at Sierra 
Leone. He made three collections of birds during his stay in that colony, 
one at Botifunk in 1902, and two at Bo in 1903 and 1904. He discovered 
an interesting new Bush Babbler, which has been named by me 
Amaurocichla kempi (cf. Ibis, 1905, p. 231). Mr. Kemp has recently 
made a collection of birds on the Lower Niger, and has described a new 
species of Weaver-Finch as Estrilda anambme. 

Kennedy {Capt. A. W. M. Clabk-). 

21 birds from Ids collection, sold at Stevens* auction rooms. [86. 4. 20, 
1-21.] 

1 tirst remember Clark-Kennedy as a boy at Eton, when I helped him 
in the preparation of his ''Birds of Berkshire and Buckinghamshire" 
(8vo, 1868). This was a capital book to have been written by a boy of 
sixteen, and gave promise that the author would develop into a first-rat^ 
ornithologist. For some years Clark-Kennedy kept up an interest in 
birds, especially in Ducks and Wild-fowl, but he never afterwards did any 
serious work, and died young {cf. Ibis, 1868, p. 337). 

Kenrick {Major). 

21 birds from the Kilimanjaro district. Presented. [98. 7. 24, 1-21.] 
Among these specimens was the type of a new species of Pmoptera, 

which Capt. Shelley named F. kenricki. 

Kensington {Lord). 

2 specimens of the Carrion Crow {Corvm corone) from South Wales. 
Presented. [1905. 2. 20, 1-2.] 

Group of Carrion Crowd with nest and eggs from South Wales, May. 
Presented. 



Birds. 407 

Kerr (J. Graham). 

See Page, Capt. (infra, p. 437). 

Kershaw (J. C). 

3 eggs and 3 nests from Macao, South China. Presented. [1905. 

6. 29, 1-6.] 

Kew, Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens. 

43 specimens from Bogota collected by Mr. Purdie [81. 12. 8, 1-43 ; 
97. 1. 25, 1 ; 99. 8. 25, 1-2.] 

Specimens of the Gtentoo Penguin {PygotcdU papua); Sheldrake 
(Tadorjia tadorna); 2 Pelecans (Pdecanus onoorotaXus); 1 Gereopsis 
(joose (Cei'eopsis novm hoHandisB); and a nestling Stork (Oiconia ciconia). 
Presented. [1900. 8. 17, 1; 1901. 5. 5, 1 ; 1903. 3. 6, i-2; 1903. 

7. 5, 1 ; 1904. 5. 31, 1.] 

King (Philip Pabkeb). 

See ffist. ColL Brit. Mus. (N.H.), vol. i.. Botany, p. 159. 

King (Dr.). 

Collected for Mr. A. 0. Hume in Mt. Abu. His specimens are in the 
Hume Collection. 

Kirk (Sir John), K.CB,, O.CM.O. 

115 birds from the Shird Kiver and Lake Nyasa, and from other parts 
of Zambesia. [63. 12. 30, 1-39 ; 74. 4. 29, 20-31 ; 84. 2. 6, 1-64.] 

These specimens were collected by Sir John Kirk when he was chief 
ofiBcer to the Livingstone Expedition of 1858-1864. The collection was 
described by Dr. Sclater in the "Ibis" for 1864 (pp. 301-307, pL viii.), 
and by Sir John himselt (f.c, pp. 307-339). There were also many 
specimens obtained by the expedition and prepared by him, which reached 
the Museum through the Foreign Office, by the direction of Earl Russell. 
[60. 12. 31, 1-193 ; 63. 12. 8, 1-43.] 

During the preparation of their work on the Birds of East Africa, 
Drs. Finsch and Hartlaub visited the British Museum and described 
several species which had remained undetermined in our cabinets. Among 
these birds, described in the " Vogel Ostafrika's " by Drs. Finsch and 
Hartlaub, were Nkator chlorU (p. 360), Eyphantomit xanthopterus 
(p. 399), and Erythrocercus livingstonei (p. 302). 

Mr. G. H. Gray described a new Touraco as I'uracua livingstonei 
(P.Z.S., 1864, p. 44) and I named the Zambesi Babbling Thrush Oafer- 
qpus kirJd (Sharpe, ed. Layard, B. S. Afr., p. 213, 1875). 

While Consul-General at Zanzibar Sir John Kirk sent collectors to 
various parts of East Africa, Lamo, Melindi, and the Usambara HiUs, 
and he himself visited the Comoro Islands (c/. Shelley, P.Z.S., 1879, 
pp. 673-679; 1881, pp. 561-602, pi. lii.). Several new species were 
described by Capt. Shelley, to whom the collections were sent. 

Of, " Who»s Who," 1904, p. 860. 

Kirtland (Professor J. P.). 

22 specimens from Ohio. [44. 1. 15, 1-22.]. 

Professor Kirtland was a well-known zoologist of the early part of the 
nineteenth century. Dendrcsca kirUandi was named after him by 
Professor Baird. 



408 Zoology. 



Kleinschmidt. 

See Ck)DEFFBOT MnsEux. 
EleiDSchmidt was one of the best of the collectors empbyed by the 
celebrated brothers Gk)def[Toy. He explored the Fiji Islands, and after- 
wards collected in New Britain, where he was murdered by the natives 
ml881. 

Knowles (H.). 

29 specimens of Tits (PartM palttstris and Farus ater). Purchased. 
[99. 8. 1, 1-29.]. 

Mr. Knowles is a dealer in Hammersmith, and has procured many 
Tits for our series of British Fciridm, 

KoBslowsky (J.). 

See RoBENBEBG, W. [8eepo9tea, p. 456.] 
A Eussian naturalist who made a large collection of birds in the 
Chnbut Valley in Pataeonia. This collection was secured for the 
Museum through the ^ood offices of Mr. Thursby. 

KransB (Professor). 

22 birds from South Africa. Presented. [40. 6. 24, 26-47.] 

Erttper {Dr. Th.). 

Director of the Museum at Athens, who has collected much in Greece 
and in the neighbourhood of Smyrna. Mr. Seebohm made an excursion 
with him. 

KtUm (Heinbich). 
iSee BossNBEBG. 
Mr. Eiihn has been exploring several of the Molucca Islands for the 
Hon. Walter Rothschild, and a few duplicates from his collection of birds 
have been purchased by the Museum [tf. Hartert, Nov. Zool., vii., 
pp. 13-14 (1900); viL, pp. 1-6, 93-101, 163-176 (1901); x., pp. 18-38, 
232-264 (1903); xL, pp. 174-221 (1904)]. 

Lagden (Sir Ctodfbet). 

19 birds from Kumasi in Ashanti. Presented. [84. 1. 16, 1-19.] 
In this small collection was the type of a new species of Bush Shrike 

(LaniariuB lagdent) (qf. Sharpe, P.Z.8., 1884, p. 64, pL v. 
Cf. " Who's Who,'' 1904, p. 872. 

Laglaize (Li&on). 

See BoucABD, A. 
The Museum huB purchased through M. Boucard several specimens 
obtained by M. Laglaize in Senegambia and in New Guinea, where he 
discovered some fine new species of birds. 

Landbeck. 

A well-known collector of Chilian birds, and author, with Dr. Filippi, 
of several papers on the subject. 

Langworthy (E. M.). 

60 birds from Kashmir, etc Presented. [76. 10. 17, 22-71.] 



Birds. 409 

Lansdell (Bev. Dr.). 
See Gebbard, £. 
Dr. Lansdell brought back from Kashmir and Tibet a small collection 
of birds, containing some species of interest to the Museum (cf, his book 
on " Russian Central Asia," 1885). 

Larkin {Colonel Edgab). 

9 birds from Upper Egypt. Presented. [93. 7. 32, 1-9.] 

La Tonche (J. D.). 

85 nests of birds from N. W. Fohkien. Presented. [99. 2. 9, 1-76 ; 
99. 2. 21, 1-9.] 

57 birds and eggs from Kuatun. Presented. [99. 8. 16, 1-29 ; 1901. 
1. 20, 1-28.] 

2 birds from Formosa and Ghinkiang, including one species new to the 
collection. Presented. [1905. 6. 13, 1-2.] 

Mr. La Touche is an energetic collector of birds, and especially of 
eggs, in China, and has presented a very interesting series to the 
Museum [cf. Ibis, 1887, pp. 469, 470; 1892, pp. 400-430, 477-503; 
1895, p. 305 ; 1896, pp. 489-495 ; 1897, pp. 138, 169-176, pi. iv., 600-610 ; 
1898, pp. 328-333, 356-373; 1899, pp. 169-210, 400-431; 1900, pp. 
34-51; BulL B.O.C., vii., p. 37 (1897); viii., p. 9 (1898)]. 

Laugier de Chartrouse (Baron). 

309 specimens from his collection. Purchased. [37. 6. 10, 372-681.] 
Baron Laugier was coadjutor with Temminck in the '^Planches 
Coloriees." The sale of his collection took place in Paris in 1837, and 
a copy of the Catalogue in the British Museum bears the following note : 
"La vente publique de cette collection se fera au mois de juin 1837. 
Le jour en sera fix^ ulterieurement par les joumaux jusqu'il cette ^poque. 
On traiterait a Famiable de la totality." This sale-catalogue was printed 
at Aries and sent to Dr. J. E. Gray, and wo are further informed: " La 
rapidity avec laquelle a ^t6 fait ce travail, et Tabsence du propri^taire, 
n'onti)aspermis de suivre d'autre classification que celle des armoires de la 
galerie." Unfortunately no attempt seems to have been made at the time 
to identify any of the specimens described and figured in the *' Planches 
Colorito," and many of them have since been given away as duplicates. 

Layard (Edgab Leopold), O.M.O. 

See also Higgins, T. ; Tbistbam, Canon. 
27 eggs from Ceylon. Presented. [53. 12. 6, 1-27.] 
106 eggs from South Africa. Presented. [69. 10. 8, 1-106.] 
Mr. Layard was an ornithologist from his youth, and when! a civil 
servant in Ceylon, where he served from 1846 to 1855, he did excellent 
work, as wiU be seen by his papers in the second series of the '' Annals 
and Magazine of Natural History " (vols. xii. (1853), pp. 97-107, 165- 
176, 262-272; xiu. (1854), pp. 123-131, 212-218, 257-264, 446-453; 
xiv. (1854\ pp. 57-64, 105-115, 264-272). 

Layard has given the following accoimt of his Ceylonese days in 
Legge's " Birds of Ceylon " (Introduction, p. ix.) : " I arrived in Ceylon 
in March 1846, and for some time, having no employment, amused my 
leisure in collectiog for my more than friend. Dr. Templeton, who had 
nursed me through a dangerous illness, and in whom 1 found a congenial 
spirit. My chief attractions there were the glorious Lepidoptera of the 
iuand ; but 1 always carried a light sinfi;le-barrelled gun in a strap on my 



410 Zoology. 

back to shoot specimens for the Doctor. He himself, like Dr. Eelaart, 
never shot, but depended on his friends for specimens. I, of course, soon 
became interested in the ' Ornis ' ; and on Templeton's leaving, at the end 
of 1847 or beginning of 1848, he begged me to take up his correspondence 
with the late Edward Blyth, then Curator of the R. A. S. Calcutta 
Museum. He left me his list of the species then known to exist in the 
island, numbering 183, and Blyth's last letter to answer. From that day 
ahnost monthly letters passed between the latter and myself, till I left 
Ceylon in 1853. When I left I had brought up the list to 315 ; deduct 
from this the novelties added by Eelaart, and some which I think he has 
wrongly identified (but which are included in my list in the * Annals '), 
22 in number, and it leaves me the contributor of 110 species to the 
Ccylonese * Ornis,' examples of most of which fell to mv own gim. 

"My collecting trips never extended to the hill-parts where Dr. 
Kelaart collected, Nuwara Elliya, &a I was twice in Eandy, once at 
* Carolina,' an estate near Ambegamoa, and once as far as Gillymally via 
Katnapura." 

The species discovered by Layard were sent by him to Blyth at 
Calcutta, and the latter described a good many of them. None came to 
the British Museum; many were presented to Calcutta, and the bulk 
of his collection was given by him to a relative, and is now preserved 
at the Poole Free Library, in Mount Street, Poole. 

The following is a list of the species discovered by Layard and 
named either by himself or by Blyth : — Gallus lineattM, Blyth (= G. 
lafayettei) {cf, Legge, B. Ceylon, p. 736); Palmomis tayardi^ Blyth 

f= P. torqtiota) ((/. iSalvadori, Cat. B., xx., p. 443) ; P. ccUthorpm, Layard 
this name has always been written calthropsB, the mistake arising originally 
from a printer's error, but Layard himself told me that he intended to 
name the species after his wife, who was a Miss Calthorp (cf, my note, 
p. 32 of ** Handlist of Birds," vol. ii.)]; lyngipicus gymnophthalmus, 
Blyth ; Chrysocolaptes stricklandi, Lays^ ; Cuculus hartleUu Layard 
( = (7. polioc^Iialus, juv.) (cf, Legge, B, Ceylon, p. 231) ; Centropus chlaro- 
rhynchus, Blyth ; Tephroaomis affinis, Blyth ; Dicrurtu fntnor, Blyth ; 
D. leucopygialis, Blyth ; Leucocerca compressirostriSy Blyth ( = Bhipidura 
cXbofrontata) {cf, Legge, B. Ceylon, p. 412) ; BukUis mutiui, Layard ; 
Oreocinda spiioptera, myth ; 0. imbricataj layard ; Dumetia albigvlariai 
Blyth ; Alcippe nigrifrons, Blyth ; Drymocataphus fuscicapUltu, Blyth ; 
Cisticda malura, Blyth (=6^. cisticola, Temm.); Drymoeca robusUif 
Blyth (nee Riipp.) ( = Frinia sylvaiica^ Jerd.); Hirundo hyperythra^ 
Blyth ; Hetmrornis albofrontata, Layard ( = Stumomis senex) ; Eulahes 
ptilogenys, Blyth ; Cissa pueHa, Blyth ex Layard N.S. 

In 1855 Layard went to the Cape at the invitation of Sir G^rge Grey 
and entered the Civil Service of Cape Colony. He founded the South 
African Museum, and in 1867 published the "Birds of South Africa,*' 
which was the means of stimulating the study of African birds in as great 
a degree as had been done by Jerdon's " Birds of India " in the East. He 
afterwards accompanied Sir George Grey on a special mission to New 
Zealand, and then returned to the Cape as Judge and Commissioner under 
the Slave Trade Treaties. In this capacity he visited the east coast of 
Africa as far north as Zanzibar. 

He was next appointed Consul at Par&, where he made a good collection 
of birds for the Marquis of Tweeddale. This was described by him in the 
"Ibis" for 1873, Ficolaptes layardi and ThamnophUus simplex being 
characterised as new by Dr. Sclater. After quitting ^uth America Layard 
was employed by the Government in the Fiji Islands, where he acted as 



Birds. 411 

Commissioner, and here again he did much good ornithological work {cf. 
Ibis, 1876, pp. 137-152, 387-394; 1881, p. 170), as also in New 
Caledonia when he became H.B.M. Consul at Noumea. His son Leopold 
C. Layard assisted him in collecting in New Caledouia, and also undertook 
expeditions to the New Hebrides and the Loyalty Islands (cf. Ibis, 1879, 
pp. 95, 221, 364. 369; 1880, pp. 336, 381; 1881, p. 542 ; 1884, p. 122 ; 
1888, p. 491 ; 1900, p. 404. 

Leach (J. H.). 

69 birds from Ichang on the River Yang-tze, collected by A. E. Pratt. 
Purchased. [88. 9. 6, 1-69.] 

One species ( Fuhina diadeniata) new to the collection. 

Mr. Pratt made a wonderful collection of Lepidoptera when travelling 
in China for Mr. Leach {cf. Insects). Ho also obtained a few birds, 
which were purchased by the British Museum. 

Leadbeater (Messrs,), 

98 birds from Mexico. Purchased. [39. 8. 2, 1-98.] 

92 birds from various localities. Purckiased. [42. 1. 19, 1-92.] 

Many of these were duplicates from the Leyden Museum, and included 

species new to the British Museum, from the expeditions of S. Miiller and 

other Dutch naturalists. 

35 birds from Brazil. Purchased. [42. 12. 3, 1-35.] 

These were collected by a Dr. Such. 

60 birds from Jamaica. Purchased. [42. 12. 29, 1-60.] 

SpindcUis nigrkephala was new to the collection. These specimens 

were probably duplicates received from Mr. P. H. Gosse. 

35 specimens trom Abyssinia and Shoa. Purchased. [43. 2. 8, 1-35.] 
These were duplicates from Dr. Riippeirs collection, aud the Museum 

thus secured several co-types from his celebrated expedition. 

233 specimeus, mostly from Central and South America. Purchased. 

[43. 5. 24, 1-200 ; 43. 6. 13, 15-33 ; 43. 9. 8, 1-15.] 

The Guatemalan birds, some obtained at Coban, Escuintla, etc., were 

apparently collected by a Frenchman, as notes are made in tne register, 

" yeux hlitij yeux roux^lair,*^ etc. 

21 birds from Mexico. Purchased. [43. 9. 18, 1-21.1 
19 birds from Celebes. Purchased. [43. 9. 19, 1-19.J 
These were some more duplicates from the Leyden Museum. As 

showing the lax notions of geographical distribution entertained by some 

ornithologists of that day we find in the register : " G, Colaris gvlaris. Cote 

de OuinSe.^ The word ** New " is inserted, and the specimen is catalogued 

in the ** List of Fissirostres," 1848, p. 33, as Eurystomus gularis, trom 

New Guinea ! 

101 birds from Japan. Purchased. [44. 5. 1, 1-9 ; 46. 1. 31, 1-60 ; 

46. 8. 11, 1-8 ; 46. 10. 5, 1-24.] 

Among these collections were more duplicates received from the Leyden 

Museum by Mr. Leadbeater, who seems to have had many dealings with 

Temminck. 

The Leadbeaters, father and son, were for many years the leading 

natural history agents in London, and had a shop in Brewer Street, 

Golden Square, which in my early days I used to visit in search of 

African birds. The father, after whom CaccUua leadbeateri was named by 

Vigors, was a scientific man, and wrote several papers on ornithology. 
After the death of the father and son the business was continued for a 

short time by a nephew. 



412 Zoology. 

Lefebvre. 

222 specimeDB, mostly sterna of European birds. Purchased. [46. 5. 
27, 1-222.] 

LBgge {Colonel W. Vincent). 

150 birds from Ceylon. Presented. [75. 12. 20, 1-6 ; 76. 6. 6, 1-15 ; 
78. 10. 4, 11-88; 81 6. 24, 10-14; 82. 3. 24, 1-15 ; 85. 11. 12, 1-31.] 

Five species were new to the collection, Spizaetus ceylonenm, Buchanga 
mtnoTf JHssemurus lophorhinuB^ Chrysocolaptes strieklandiy Braxhy^ 
ptemus intermedins . These were duplicates from Colonel Legge*s collection 
of Ceylonese birds. His memoir on the avifauna of Ceylon is one of the 
most excellent works ever written by an ornithologist. 

Le Hunte {Sir George Ruthven), Oovemar of South Australia. 

23 birds from British New Guinea. Presented. [1900. 2. 19, 1-23.] 

Sir G. E. Le Hunto was Governor of British New Guinea from 1898 to 

1903. Among the specimens presented were some rare Birds of Paradise, 

such as Loria marim^ Astrarchia stephanim, Ejpimachua meyeri. 

Cf. " Who's Who," 1904, p. 902. 

Leigh {Lord). 

221 birds from New South Wales. Presented. [93. 4. 4, 1-221]. 
Of. " Who's Who," 1904, p. 902. 

Lempridre (E.). 

31 specimens from the island of Palawan. Purchased. [85. 4. 2, 1-24 ; 
85. 4. 3, 1-7.] 7 others were presented. 

Mr. Lempri^re's collection was described by me in the " Ibis " for 1884 
(pp. 816-322, pi. viii.), when the following new species were characterised : — 
Thriponax hargitti, Siphia lemprieri. In the "Proceedings" of the 
Zoological Society for 1885 (p. 446, pi. xxvi.) I also described a new 
Hombill, now known as Oymnolmmus lemprieri. 

In the "Ibis" for 1883, pp. 85-90, Mr. F. Nicholson published an 
account of a collection from Sandakan made by Mr. Lempri^e, who 
discovered a new Jay-Shrike (Flaiylaphus lemprieri). This Sandakan 
collection was purchased by Canon ^^tram, and is now in the Liverpool 
Museum. 

Le Soeuf (Dudley). Director of the Zoological Gardens, 
Melbourne. 
11 birds, nests and eggs. Presented. [97. 11. 11, 1-8 ; 98. 11. 27, 
1-3.] 

Leyden Museum. 

See aha LEAnsEATEB. 

60 birds from the Malayan Archipelago. Presented. [73. 5. 9, 1-8 ; 
78. 11. 12, 1-34 ; 83. 10. 1, 9-21 ; 88. 4. 7, 1-5.] 

These are birds presented by Professor Schlegel and Dr. Jentinck, 
Directors of the great Eijks-Museum at Leyden, during the progress of the 
" Catalogue of Birds." My first visit to Leyden was paid in 1869, when I 
was writing my " Monograph of the Kingfishers " ; and during the prepara- 
tion of the first volume of the " Catalogue," I worked there for many days, 
and my Triend Professor Schlegel gave me several species lacking to Uie 
British Museum, for which I purchased specimens on my return to 
England, and sent them in exchange. On this occasion the following 
species of Accipitres were new to the British Museum : Cerchneia zoni- 



Birds. 413 

ventris^ Baza madagiMcariensiSt Astur hiogcuter^ A, mueUeri, Accipiter 
rhodogcuteTf Spizcustus gumeyiy Ninox ochracea. 

When I was writing the fourth vohime of the " Catalogue," I again 
went over to Leyden, and efifected a similar exchange with ProfesQor 
Schlegel, obtaining for our Museum many species of Flycatchers which 
we did not before possess — Pascihdryas brachyurusj Gerygone mdano- 
thorax, 0. notaiOy G. magniroitria, G, flaveolay PristorhamphuB veraterif 
CryptcHopha grammiceps, Todopsis honapartei, T. ccronata, Monarcha 
kordennSf Piezorhynchus diadematus, Anthipes sotitaria, Erythromyias 
mulleri, Pachycephalia chiensis, Rhipidura ohiensis. 

In 1883 Professor Schlegel also gave me the following desiderata 
for the succeeding volumes of the "Catalogue"; Hirundo ttriolata, 
Dicmum mafvrtfatt, D. keienae, Napothera pyrrhoptera, Zosterops ri^raiUy 
Z. uropygtalis, StachyridopM mdanothorax, and Turdinus lepidopUurus, 
Some of these species are not included in the tenth volume, which 
appeared in July 1883, as I had not been able to visit Leyden for the 
purpose of checking my MSS. In October of that year, however, 1 was 
able to get away, and found that there were many omissions in the 
volume, which I rectified in a paper on Timeliidm, published in the 
" Notes from the Leyden Museum " (vol. vi., pp. 167-178). 

The last donations, in 1888, consisted of five specimens, of which 
Pericrocotua lanahergi, Lamprolia minor, (Moropsis v&nusta, and Acci- 
piter bUttiko/eri were new to the collection ; and a specimen of OrtholO" 
phus albocristatus from Liberia, which has since become the type of my 
0rt?iolophu8fin9chi (" Ibis,*' 1904, p. 610). 

Lidth de Jeude (Dr.). 
See Wabwiok. 

Lilford (Lord). 

3 specimens of the Spanish Green Woodpecker (Gecintu sharpei), from 
S. Spwn. Presented. [72. 7. 9, 1-3.] 

This species was named by Mr. Howard Saunders (P.Z.S., 1872, 
p. 153). In 18^4 the late Prof. V. L. Seoane re-described this Wood- 
pecker as Gecinus viridia galicienaia, in a pamphlet to which he attached 
the date of 1870. This was the most bare-faced attempt to secure the 
priority of a name given twenty-two years too late, which has ever come 
under the notice of the writer (cf, Zool. Rec., 1894, Aves, p. 38). 

31 specimens of Herons, Spoonbills, etc., collected by Kuiz near 
Seville. Presented. [74. 11. 18, 3-33.] 

A specimen of Sylvia mdanothorax, Tristr., from Cyprus, new to the 
collection. Presented. [75. 7. 6, 1.] 

Parent birds with nest and eggs of the Flamingo {Phmnicopterua 
roaeaa) from Southern Spain. Presented. [80. 6. 8, 1-6.] These are the 
specimens mounted in the public gallery, and form group No. 159. 

234 specimens from Cyprus and the countries of the Mediterranean. 
Presented. [88. 7. 26, 1-205 ; 88. 8. 16, 1-18 ; 88. 8. 26, 1-11.] 

This collection of birds was formed by Lord Lilford himself, by 
Mr. W. Pearce, and more particularly by Dr. Guillemard, who has 
written an excellent essay on the birds of the island (Ibis, 1888, 
pp. 94-124, pi. ii.; 1889, pp. 206-219), and Lord Lilford has also 
published an interesting memoir on the ornithology of Cyprus (Ibis, 
1889, pp. 305-350). 

17 Starlings (Stumua wdgaria) from Lilford. Presented. [88. 9. 
2, 1-17.] 



414 Zoology. 

136 eggs from Southern Spain. Presented. [90. 9. 30, 1-136.] 
6 birds from S.E. Africa. Presented. [94. 6. 17, 1-6.] 
For a very complete memoir of this well-known ornithologist, see 
the "Ibis" for lb96 (pp. 430, 593-596), "Lord Lilford on Birds," by 
A. Trevor-Battye (4to, 1903), and " Lord Lilford ; a Memoir by his Sister, 
the Hon. Mrs. Drewitt" (8vo, 1900, pp. xxiv., 290). 

"Linnea," Berlin. 

21 birds from Salanga Island. Purchased. [^2. 3. 21, 1-15.] 
The collection of birds made by Capt. Weber on Salanga was 
described by Dr. A. Mtiller (J.f.O., 1882, pp. 353-448). He described 
a new species of Woodpecker as Gecinus weberi, of which the type- 
specimens were acquired by the Museum. Mr. Har^tt has united this 
species with O. viridanua (cf. Cat. B., xviii., p. 47). This Captain Weber 
is the same individual that Ixidia webhert, Hume, is named after (Str. F., 
1879, pp. 40, 63). It should, therefore, be called Ixidia weberi. 

From the " Linnea " the Museum also acquired some rare species of 
East African birds; of which Histurgops ruficauda^ Pariwma hoehmi^ 
Cosmopsarus unicolor, and Muscicapa in/ulatawere new to the collection. 
[87. 8. 14, 1-6.] 

Linnean Society. 

When the Linnean Society determined to give up its private Museum, 
the birds were sent to the British Museimi in 1863, in two lots. 

The first series consisted of the types of Parrots and Pigeons described 
by Temminck in 1819 (vol. xiii., pp. 107-130), in his paper entitled : 
"Account of some new species of Birds of the genera Fsittacus and 
Columbay in the Museum of the Linnean Society." [63. 7. 6, 1-15.] 

PsUtacus cooki, n. sp. (p. 111). <f = CcUyptorhynchvs bankn (Lath.), 
cf. Salvad., Cat. B. Brit. Mus., xx., p. 109. $ = C. viridis (V.), cf, Salvad., 
t.c., p. 112. 

Fiittacus solandri, n. sp. (p. 113) is the young of C. viridis^ t/. Salvad., 
<.c., p. 112. 

Fnttacus nosicus, n. sp. (p. 115), = Licmetis nctsica, Salvad., <.c., 
p. 133. 

Psittacua flavigasttTf n. sp. (p. 116). This hybrid name is changed on 
p. 117 to P. flaviventn's, but without assigning any reason. It is Plaiy- 
cerctis flaviventris of Salvadori (p. 545). 

PsUtacus baueriy n. sp. (p. 118),= Pamardius zonarius (Shaw), cf, 
Salvad., t,c,, p. 660. 

Psittacus browniy n. sp. (p. 119), = P7a/ycerctt« browni, Salvad., ^.c, 
p. 549. 

Psittacus multicolor, n. sp. (p. 119)^ = Psephotus multicolor, BalvKd,, 
t.c., p. 566. 

Psittacus iderotis, n. sp. (p. 120), ^Platycerctu icterotiSf Salvad., tx., 
p. 554. 

Psittacus venustuSf n. sp. (p. 121),:= NeopJiema venusta, Salvad., ^.c, 
p. 570. 

Columba dilopha, n. sp. (p. \2A), = Lopholxmus antarcticus (Shaw), 
c/. Salvadori, Cat. B. Brit. Mus., xxi., p. 235. 

Columba magnifioa, n. sp. (p. 125), = Megaloprepia magnifioa, 
Salvadori, f.c, p. 167. 

Columba leucomela, n. sp. (p. 126), cf. Salvad., f.c, p. 320. 

Columba scripta, n. sp. (p. 127), = Oeophaps scripta, Salvad., ^.c, p. 531. 

Columba humertUis, n. sp. (p. 128),= Oeopelia humcralis^ Salvad., <.c., 
p. 455. 



Birds. 415 

Columbaphasianella, n. sp. (p. 129), = Macropygiaphcuianella, Salvad., 
i-c^V- 349. 

The seoond donation consisted of 72 speclmenB of Australian birds 
[63. 7. 7, 1-72], collected by George Caley, and among them were the 
types of species described by Vigors and Horsfield in the " Transactions " 
of the Linnean Society (vol. xv., pp. 170-331). Their paper was called 
" A description of the Australian Birds in the collection of the Linnean 
Society," etc. The following are the types which came into the 
Museum : — 

AMiur raiij n. Bp., = A8tur cinereus (V.); cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., Brit. 
Mus., i., p. 117. A. fdsciatuB (p. 181), A. approximans (p. 181). The 
former is the young and the latter the old bird of the same species, 
Sharpe, t.c., p. 126. 

Falco cenchroides, n. sp. (p. 183), = CerchneU cenchroides (V. and H.), 
Sharoe, ^c, p. 431. 

Falco herigora^ n. sp. (p. 184), = ^terocirfca herigora (V. and H.), 
Sharpe, <.c., p. 421. HcUiaettu ccUei, n. sp. (p. 186),= Urospizuu radiatus 
(Lath.), Sharpe, ^.c, p. 159. H, canorus^ n. sp. (p. 187), = Haliastur 
sphenuruB (V.), Sharpe, ix., p. 316. 

Noctua maculcUa, n. sp. (p. 189\ = Ninox mactdata (V. and H.) ; c/. 
Sharpe, Cat B., ii., p. 174. 

Uirundo pyn-hdnotay n. sp. (p. 190), = Petrochelidon nigricans (V.) ; 
</, Sharpe, Cat. B., x. (p. 190). 

Caprimtdgus guttatus, n. sp. (p. 192). C. cdbogtdaris, n. sp. (p. 194^ 
note) ; cf. Barter t. Cat. B., xvi., p. 607, where Dr. Hartert identifies these 
two birds as beino; one and the same species, viz. Eurostopus cdbigidaris, 
C. guttcUus being the young bird, and C, albigufaris the adult. 

uEgotheles, n. gen. (p. 194), type JE. novm hoUandim (Lath.) ; cf, 
Hartert, Cat B., xvi., p. 646. Podargm stanleyanus, n. sp. (p. 197), P. 
humercdis^ n. sp. (p. 198), P. cuvieri, n. sp. (p. 200), all = P. strigoides 
(Lath.) ; c/. Hartert, t.c, p. 631. 

Dacelo leachi, n. sp. (p. 205), **Keppel Bay, 24 Oct., 1802" {Brown) ; 
cf, Sharpe, Cat. B., xvi., p. 206. Hcdcyon sancius, n. sp. (p. 206) ; cf 
Sharpe, <.c., p. 267. Merops melanuntSf n. sp. (p. 208), = if. omatm^ 
Lath. ; cf, Sharpe, t.c., p. 75. Fcdcuncidus gutiurcdis, n. sp. (p. 212), 
= Oreoioa cristata (Lew in) ; cf Gradow, Cat B., viii., p. 174. Colluroicinda 
cinerea^ n. sp. (p. 214),= C, harrnonica (Lath.); cf Sharpe, Cat. B., iii., 
p. 290. Campophaga leucomelaj n. sp. (p. 215), = Zo/ogre leucomelasna 
(nom. emend.) ; cf Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., p. 106. Orattcalus men- 
tdlisj n. sp. (p. 216) ; cf Sharpe, /.c, p. 37. Mcdurus lamberti^ n. sp. 
^p. 221) ; cf Sharpe, ^.c, p. 293. M. hr(/ivni,n, sp. (p. 223), = 3f. dorsaJh 
(Lewin) ; <f. Sharpe, t.c, p. 296. M, exilis, n. sp. (p. 223), = Cisticola 
exUis (V. and H.) ; cf, Sharpe, Cat. B., vii., p. 269. Acanthiza nana, n. s|». 

§3. 226); cf Sharpe, f.c, p. 292. A, reguloides, n. sp. (p. 299); cf 
harpe, <.c., p. 299. A, frontalis, n. sp. (p. 226), = Sericomis frontalis 
(V. and H.); cf Sharpe, t,c,, p. 303. A, pyrrhopygia, n. sp. (p. 227),= 
Hylacola pyrrhopygia (V. and H.) ; cf, Sharpe, t,c.y p. 346. A, huchanani^ 
n. sp. (p. 227) ; cf Sharpe, f.c, p. 291, note, N.B.— The type of this 
species was in the collection of Mr. Walter Buchanan, F.L.S., and did not 
come to the Museum. The species is still unidentified, but I suggested 
in the " Catalogue " that it might be Ephthianura tricolor, 

Megalurus crundis, n. sp. (p. 228), = Cindorhamphus cruralis 

£, and H.) ; cf, Sharpe, Cat. B., vii., p. 498. Anthus austraHs, n. sp. 
229), and A, pallescenSy n. sp. (p. 229) [= A. australis (V. and H.) ; 
if. Sharpe, Cat B., x., p. 615]. A. minimtu, n. sp. (p. 230), = Chthoni' 



416 Zoology. 



cda sagittaia (Lath.) ; rf. Sharpe, Gat B., viL, p. 290. A. /tdifftnonu, 

n. 8p. (p. 230), = CcUamanthus fuliginosus (V. and H.) ; <f. Sharpe, <.c, 

>. 501. A, rufescenst n. sp. (p. 230), = Cindorham^us rSf^&oeM 

V. and H.); cf, Sharpe, ^.c, p. 501. DasyomU otM^mZw, n. sp 

(jp. 232), = Spkenura brachyptera (Lath.) ; cf, Sharpe, ^.c, p. 104. 

OrdUina UcotoTy n. sp. (p. 232), = O, picata (Lath.); cf, Sharpe, Cat. 

B., iii., p. 272. Zosterops dorscUis, n. 8 p. (p. 235), = Z, cmrulesoens 

Lath.); cf Sharpe, Cat B., ix., p. 152. Saxioola soUtaria^ n. sp. 

p. 236), = Origma rubricata (Lath.), c/*. Sharpe, Cat. B., vii., p. 136. 

?achycephala striata^ n. sp. (p. 240), = F, rufiventris (Lath.) ; cf, Gadow, 

Cat. B., viii., p. 208. P. /u«ca, n. sp. (p. 240), and P, ftdiginosa, n. sp. 

(p. 241), = F, gutturalis (Lath.) ; cf Gadow, <.c., p. 192. P. olivaoea, 

n. sp. (p. 241); cf Gadow, <.c., p. 212. 

Muscioapa goodenovii, n. sp. (p. 245), = Pdrceca goodenovii (V. and H.) ; 
cf Sharpe, Cat. B., iv., p. 171. Rhipidura motacUloides, n. sp. (p. 248), 
= P. tricolor (V.); cf Sharpe, <.c., p. 339. 

Myiagra rub&mloideSf n. sp. (p. 253), and M, plumbeOj n. sp. (p. 254), 
= M, rubecula (Lath.) ; cf Sharpe, <.c., p. 373. M. macroptera, n. sp. 
(p. 254), = Micrceoafascinans (Lath.). 

FringiUa lathami, n. sp. (p. 256), = Steganopieura guttata (Shaw) ; 
cf, Sharpe, Cat. B., xiii., p. 292. FringiUa bichenoviij n. sp. (p. 258), = 
Stictoptera bichenowi (V. and H.) ; cf Sharpe, tx,, p. 313. 

Ftilonorhynchus rrMcleayi, n. sp. (p. 263), = P. violaceus (V.) ; cf, 
Sharpe, Cat B., vi., p. 381. P. smithi, n. sp. (p. 264), = mlurmduM 
viridis (Lath.); cf Sharpe, <.c., p. 385. Oorvus coronoides^ n. sp. 
(p. 261) ; cf Sharpe, Cat. B., iii., p. 20. 

Platycercui bamardi, n. »p. (p. 283), = Bamardiua bamardi (V. and 
H.); cf Salvad., Cat. B., xx., p. 558. Trichogloastu matoniy n. sp. (p. 291), 
-Fsitteutdes cfUorolepidotus (Kuhl), Salvadori, Cat B., xx., p. 65. T, 
rubritorquia, n. sp. (p. 291) ; cf Salvad., <.c., p. 60. 

Orthonyx temmincki, n. sp. (p. 294) ; (f, Sharpe, Cat B., viL, p. 329 
(s. n. 0, spinicauda). 

Cucidw inomatusy n. sp. (p. 297), and O, albostrigatus^ n. sp. (p. 298), 

= 0, pallidus (Lath.) ; cf Shelley, Cat. B., xix., p. 261. C, cineraceus^ 

n. sp. (p. 298), and C, incertus^ n. sp. (p. 299), = CacomantiB flabeUi" 

formis (Lath.); cf Shelley, <.c., p. 266. CtictUus uariolonu^ n. sp. 

Sp. 300), = Cacomantis variolostu (V. and H.) ; cf, SheUey, <.c, p. 272. 
'Uculus metoMicuSy n. sp. (p. 302), = Chalcococcyx plagosua ^Lath.) ; 
cf. Shelley, <.c., p. 297. Eudynamis flinderaii, n. sp. (p. 305) = E.cyano- 
cephdla (Lath.) ; cf, Shelley, ^.c, p. 324. Mdiphaga indistincta, n. sp. 
(p. 315), = Glyciphila ocularis, Gould ; cf Gadow, Cat B., ix., p. 213. 
M, brevirostris, n. sp. (p. 315), = Melithreptus brevirostris (V. and H.) ; 
cf, Gadow, t,c,, p. 207. Myzantha flavirostris, n. sp. (p. 319), = Macro- 
rhina melanophrys (Lath.) ; cf, Gadow, t,c,, p. 259. 

Mimeta mertdoides, n. sp. (p. 327\ = Oriolua viridis (Lath.); <f, 
Sharpe, Cat B., iiL, p. 212. Fomatorninus temporalis, n. sp. (p. 330), 
and P. superciliosus, n. sp. (p. 330). 

Linney (Albert). 

9 birds from the Falkland Islands. Purchased. [1901. 4. 30, 1-9.] 

Lisbon Museum {Prof J, V. Babboza du Booage, Director), 

48 birds from Benguela and the island of S. Thomd, collected by 
Anchieta and F. Kewton. Presented. [82. 7. 1, 1-4; 88. 12. 1, 
1-44.] 



Birds. 417 

Nearly a score of species new to the Museum were added by this 
donation, all of great interest — among them Ftscus souzn, Sylvidla 
rt^fieapiUOf Parus rufiventria, Nilaus affinis^ ScUpomts scUvadoriif Frin^ 
gUlaria majors Ftemistes rvbricolliSy Nectarinia newtoni^ Oriolua cnu- 
8%ro$triBy Turdua olivaceo/tucuSf Symplectes sanctithomsBf Haphpdia 
simplex. 

32 birds from the islands of the Bight of Biafra (S. Thom^ and Ilha 
do Prindpe), collected by Mr. Francesco Newton. [91. 8. 20, 1-32.] 

Among these specimens were the following, new to the Museum : — 
Nectarinia thamensis^ Cinnyris newUmif Lanius newtonif Frinia moUeri, 
Amblyospiza concolor. 

For many years the Portuguese Oovemment employed the services of 
naturalists to make collections for them in various parts of their African 
possessions. The most celebrated of these explorers was Anchieta, who 
travelled extensively in Angola, Benguela and Mossamedes. Qlie results 
of these expeditions are mostly incorporated in the " Omithologie d' Angola," 
written by Professor Barboza du Bocage, for many years the Director of 
the Lisbon Museum, and a staunch friend of our own Museum, to which 
he has made many valuable donations. Many specimens were also given 
in exchange to myself and Captain Shelley, and are now incorporated in 
the British Museum along with the rest of our private collections. 

Another well-known naturalist who collected in the Portuguese islands 
in the Bight of Biafra is Mr. Francesco Newton, who obtained several 
interesting new species, duplicates of which were sent by Professor Bocage 
to the British Museum. 

Lister (J. J.). 

23 specimens from Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean. Presented. 
[88. 8. 12, 1-23.] 

Mr. Lister was naturalist on H.M. Surveying Ship Egeria in 1887, 
and visited Christmas Island. He discovered on this occasion five new 
species on the island, the types of which he presented to the British 
Museum: — Zosterops natalis, Collocalia natalis, Ckaicophaps fuUaliSy 
Urospizias natalis, Ninox natalis {cf, P.Z.S., 1888, pp. 512-529, pis. 
xxvi., xxvii.). 

10 specimens from the Phoenix group of islands in the Pacific Ocean. 
Presented. [9L 4. 24, 1-10.] 

Mr. Lister was again naturalist on the Egeria in 1889. 

The collection consisted of marine birds, but among them (EstreUUa 
parviroetris and Fuffinus nativitatis were new to the Museum. Several 
other specimens, presented by Mr. Lister to the late Mr. Henry Seebohm, 
have passed into the British Museum with the collection bequeathed by 
the latter. 

Littledale (St. George). 

100 specimens of birds and eggs from various parts of Central Asia. 
Presented. [89. 1. 10, 1-2; 89. 3. 3, 1-8 (Altai Mts.); 90. 5. 20, 1-39 
(Saiar Mts.); 91. 5. 2, 1-37 (Pamir) ; 94. 2. 1, 1-5 (Turkestan).] 

Mr. Littledale is a well-known big-game hunter, and has presented to 
the Museum most valuable animals. He has also found time to collect 
a few interesting species of birds during his travels. 

Liverpool, University of. 

See Robinson, H. C. ; Royal Society. 

VOL. II. 2 E 



418 Zoology. 

Livingstone (Dr.). 
See EiBK, Sir J. 

DuriDg his later explorations in Africa the great missionary traveller 
did not collect any birds, but on the Zambesi expedition, when he was 
accompanied by Sir John (then Dr.) Eirk, a considerable collection was 
formed. This was described by the latter naturalist in a paper on the 
** Birds of the Zambesi Region " (Ibis, 1864, pp. 307-338). Several new 
species were discovered during the expedition, and a fine new Touracou 
was named Turcuma livingsUmei by G. B. Gray. 

Cf, Diet. Nat. Biogr., xxxiii., p. 384. 

Lloyd (C. G.). 

121 birds from Tasmania. Presented. [89. 6. 12, 1-121.] 

Lloyd {Oohnel J. Hatbs). 

107 birds from Kathiawar in North-western India and Matheran, 
Bombay. [73.6.6,98-204.] 

Crateropw samervillei and Lwcinola indica were new to the Museum. 

This collection, a most important one at the time, as coming from a 
district then omithologically unexplored, was described by Colonel Hayes 
Lloyd hi the " Ibis " for 1873 (pp. 397-421) and 1874 (pp. 97, 98). He 
presented specimens of Cyomis tickdlim and C, jerdoniy proving tnat the 
former was the female and the latter the male of the same species. This 
difference in the colour of the sexes in the genus Cyomis had not been 
suspected before, and led to a similar identification with other species of 
the genus. 

Colonel Lloyd described a new species of Green Barbet from Matheran 
as Megdlmma svkeni (Ibis, 1873, p. 124). The type of this speciea 
is in the Tweeddale collection, and is referred by Osiptain Shelley to 
OyanopB vtridis (Bodd.), i,e. Thereiceryx m'ruto, Blanford, Faun. Brit. 
Ind., Birds, iii., p. 389. 

Loat (W. L. S.). 

12 birds from the Pyrenees. Presented. [96. 8. 21, 1-12.] 
22 birds from Egypt. Presented. [1906. 6. 4, 1-22.] 
Mr. Loat is an entiiusiastic ornithologist, but is best known for hia 
mportant collections of the Nile fishes {see Report, Fish^Collections). 

Loder {Sir G.). 

2 eggs of the Emeu (JDrommue novm hoUandim). Presented. [94. 6. 7^ 
1-2.] 

Lodge (George E.). 

9 Marsh Tits (Parue drenerx) from Surrey. Presented. [1901. 4, 8^ 
1-9.] 

4 buds from Norway, Perthshire, and Hertfordshire. Presented^ 
[1904. 10. 21, 1-4.] 

Mr. Lodge is the well-known artist, and is an excellent observer of 
bird life, as may be recognised from his account of the Humming-Biids of 
the West Indies (Ibis, 1896, pp. 496-519) and other ornithological memoirs. 

Loftus (William ELennett). 

83 birds and eggs from the neighbourhood of Bagdad. Presented.. 
[63. 1. 6, 1-79, 94-98.] 



Birds. 419 

Mr. EenDett Loftus was a well-known archaaologist and traveller. 
He was geologist to the Turko-Persian Frontier Commission, 1849-1852 
(ef. Diet. Nat, Biogr., xxxiv., p. 80). 

Londesborough {Earl of). 

31 specimens of sea-birds (Herring Gulls, Guillemots, etc.) from 
Flamborough Head. Presented. [87. 9. 8, 1-16 ; 87. 9. 10, 1-15.] 

Lord (John Keast). 

See Boundary Commission, British N. Amj&rican. 

137 birds and eggs from British Columbia and Vancouver Islands 
Presented by the Foreim Office. [60. 2. 23, 1-106 ; 60. 11. 22, 1-131.] 

435 birds, nests, and egs^s from British Columbia. Presented. [62. 
12. 10, 1-37 ; 63. 1. 7, 1-398.] 

The first collections were made by Mr. Lord during the time of his 
employment as naturalist to the Boundary Commission. He seems to 
have stayed in British Columbia after the labours of the Commission were 
over, and to have made further collections which he gave to the British 
Museum (cf, his book, ''The Naturalist in Vancouver Island and British 
Columbia,**. 2 vols., 8vo, London, 1866). 

Lovat (Lord). 

See Blukdell, H. Weld. 

Low (Sir Hugh). 

See aieo Higoins. 

5 specimens from the Sulu Archipelago. Presented. [76. 5. 30, 1-5.] 

These formed the types of my Oriolus etduensis (Cat. B., iii., p. 205), 
a species now considered to be identical with 0. chinensia, and Sarcops 
lowi. 

Sir Hu^h Low was an active collector in all branches of natural 
history durmg the many years which he spent in the Malay Archipeli^o 
as Inspector at Labuan and afterwards as British Resident at Perak, at 
which latter place he established the Museum. I described one of his 
collections from Labuan in the ' Proceedings' for 1875, but owing to some 
carelessness on the part of his agent, this consignment was handed over 
to me as being all from Labuan, whereas a considerable portion of it was 
from the mainland of Borneo, mostly from Lumbidan. Governor Ussher, 
on being appointed to Labuan, made extensive collections on the island 
itself and in the mainland, and in describing this series and another 
made by Sir W. H. Treacher, I was able to give a more exact accoimi 
of the Avifauna of the island (cf, P.Z.S., 1879, pp. 317-354, pi. xxx.), 
and to expunge from my previous list many hypothetical species. 

Governor Ussher pays the following tribute to Sir Hugh Low: — 
" Natural history in Borneo owes a large debt to him, and his name is 
well known to science. His labours in every department of zoology and 
botany, as well as his numerous excursions and travels in Borneo, and his 
intimate acquaintance with the various tribes of the great island, make 
him the foremost authority on all matters connected with that part of the 
Malay Archipelago." 

Lowe (Dr, Percy R.). 

3 birds from the West Indian Islands, two of which were new to the 
collection (Spindalis sdlvini and Vireo hermudianus). Presented. [1904. 
6. 6, 1-3.] 

11 birds from Jamaica. Presented. [1904. 9. 13, 1-11.] 

2 B 2 



420 Zoology. 

liUcaB (W.). 

45 birds from Obi Major. Purchased. [1900. 3. 1, 1-45.] 
Carpophaga obiensis and PtUonoptu granfdi/rons were new to the 
tx}llection. 

Lucas (W.). 

A collector in the Eastern Transvaal, especially in the Bustenberg 
district, where he obtained many interesting species. Several of his 
skins are to be found in the Shelley and Seebohm collections. 

Lundborg (H.). 

9 mounted birds from Sweden. Purchased for the public gallery. 
[97. 10. 17, 1-9.] 

Mr. Lundborg is a celebrated Swedish taxidermist. 

Lyall (Dr.). 

See also Stokes, Capt. 
7 eggs from New Zealand. Presented. [52. 1. 16, 10-16.] 
137 birds from Vancouver Island and K.W. America. Presented. 

[59. 1. 26, 1-91 ; 60. 8. 24, 9-34 ; 61. 8. 12, 1-20.] 

He was attached as Surgeon to H.M.S. Plumper^ and made quite an 

interesting collection on Vancouver Island, in the Straits of Sui Juan 

de Fuca, etc. 

Lynes (Oommander Hubert), B.N, 

11 birds from Southern Spain. Presented. [1905. 8. 5, 1-11.] 

McBamet (A. C). 

4 birds from Bahia. Presented. [1905. 8. 6, 1-4.] 

McCaw (G. I.). 

10 birds from the Zambesi. Presented. [1905. 8. 1, 1-10.] 

McCleaxman (J.). 

Made large collections of birds in Panama, many specimens being 
described by the late G. B. Lawrence. A good series are in the Salvin- 
Godman collection (c/. Salvin, P.Z.S., 1867, pp. 129-161; 1870, pp. 
175-219). 

McClelland {Br.). 

See India Museum. 

McConnell (Frederic Vavasour). 

6 birds from British Guiana. Presented. [99. 12. 26, 1-4; 
1900. 5. 4, 1 ; 1901. 11. 14, 1.] 

Mr. McConnell discovered a new Bunting on the summit of 
Mt. Roraima, which I named Zonotrichia macconnelli. He presented the 
types of this species to the Museum, as well as that of a new species of 
Rculet, Pictunnus macconnelli (Sharpe, Bull. B.O.C., xiL, p. 4, 1901). 

He also presented to the Museum a skin of a Goshawk (UrospinoB 
jardineif Gumey), of which no specimen was in the National Collection. 
[1900. 5. 4, 1 ] Only one other specimen was known, viz., the type in 
the Norwich Museum, supposed to have como from New Caledonia. 



Birds. 421 

McConneU (F. V.) and Quelch (J. J.). 

546 birds from British Guiana. Presented. [95. 11. 28, 1-420; 
97. 4. 6, 1-8; 98. 11. 21, 1-118.] 

This fine collection was made in the neighbourhood of Georgetown, 
Demerara, on the Esseqmbo River, and in the inland Savana country. It 
contained several interesting forms in spirits, such as Hdiornis^ etc., and 
a good representative set of the low-country birds. 

McCormick {Dr, Robert). 

142 birds and eggs from the Falkland Islands and the Antarctic Seas. 
Bequeathed. [90. 12. 13, 1-77; 91.2. 15, 1-11 ; 91. 6. 16, 1-64.1 

One morning in the year 1884, several of the officers of the Natural 
History Museum were surprised at the sight of a little old man ascending 
with quite an elastic step the staircase of the upper floor of the Museum 
and disappearing into the Botanical Department. He belonged evidently 
to a by-gone age. A rather broad-brimmed hat covered a very evident 
wig, his neck was encircled by a high stock, his waistcoat was white and 
very low, exposing a wide front of flannel shirt of the hues of a Scotch 
plaid. His swallow-tail coat was of a dark blue with gilt buttons, and 
his trousers were of a pronounced shepherd's plaid. I was telling some 
of my colleagues afterwards of the wonderful appearance of the old 
gentleman I had seen, when a knock came at my door, and on opening 
it, I foimd myself face to face with the individud in question. On his 
introducing himself as Dr. McCormick, I could not repress my astonish- 
ment and told him that I thought he had been dead years ago. " Yes," 
he replied, *' I know I ought to have been, but I am not. I am eighty- 
four years of age, and I thought, before I died, I should like to see some 
of the animals I shot when I was naturalist to the Erebus and Terror^ 
as i am writing my memoirs." This book appeared shortly after his visit. 
I conducted the old veteran round the Bird-Gallery, where he recounted 
how he had shot the Emperor Penguins (Aptenodytes forstert) in the 
Antarctic Ice-Pack with a rifle. The old gentleman did not manage to 
visit the Museum again, but I used often to go and see him at his home, 
Hecla Villa, Wimbledon, and I hope that I helped to cheer his last days, 
when he was wonderfully interested in the tame white Dock which he 
has immortalised in his book. At his death, as a votive offering to me, he 
bequeathed his natural-history specimens to the Museum. They consisted 
of certain duplicates from the Antarctic expedition, which he had been 
permitted to retain, but they had been sadly neglected for many years 
and were nearly all moth-eaten. I was, however, able to keep a few 
for the Museum. One of the most notable facts in connection with 
Dr. McCormick*s specimens was that they were carefuUy labelled with 
the date of capture, etc., but these particulars were seldom preserved by 
the Museum authorities at the time. 

During the Antarctic expedition, some specimens of a Great Skua 
{Megalestris) were discovered, and these ultimately turned out to belong 
to an imdescribed species, which was named Megalestris maccormicki 
by Mr. Howard Saunders (Cat. B., xxv., p. 321, pL i.). Many 
excellent notes on the habits of Antarctic birds from Dr. McCormick's 
pen have been published by Gould, and it seems somewhat sad that this 
old hero should have been allowed to pass to his grave comparatively 
forgotten by his country, for which he had done such sterling work. 
His book, which appeared in 1884, bore the following title : " Voyages of 
Discovery in the Arctic and the Antarctic Seas and round the World, 
being personal narratives of attempts to reach the North and South Poles, 



422 Zoology. 

And of an open boat expedition up the Wellington Channel in search of 
Sir John Franklin and Her Majesty's ships 'Erebus' and 'Terror/ in 
Her Majesty's boat ' Forlorn Hope,' under the command of the author 
to which are added an autobiography, appendix, portraits, maps, and 
numerous illustrations." 2 vols., 8vo, voL i., pp. xii, 412; voL iL, 
pp. XX, 432. 

Of. Diet. Nat. Biogr., xxxv., p. 11. 

McFarlane {Bev, S.). 

26 birds from British New Guinea. Purchased. [76. G. 16, 1-13 ; 
80. 3. 11, 1-13.] 

Mr. McFarlane was one of the early pioneer missionaries in British 
Now Guinea, and interested himself in the natural history of the country. 
An account of his collection was published by me in the Linnean Society's 
Journal, vol. xiii., pp. 79-83. Two species, GravMlus angusti/rons 
(^=G, hypolewms) and Zosterops aibiventer, were described as new. 

MacGiUivray (J.). 

14 birds from Cape York (Voyage of H.M.S. Rattlesnake, 1846-1860). 
Presented, pi. 1. 11, 1-14.] 

Among these specimens were the types of three species described by 
Gould, viz., Tanysiptera sylvia, Syma flavirosirisj CMamydodera cervtni- 
veneris, and of Calomis purpurtMcens, Gray. 

16 birds from the Falkland Islands (Voyage of the Battlesnake), 
Presented. [51.1.29,1-16.] 

5 birds and 4 eggs from Moreton and Goose Islands (Voyage of the 
Rattlesnake). Presented. [51. 4. 2, 1-9.] 

13 birds from (kpe York and the Louisiade Archipelago (Voyage of 
the Rattlesnake), Presented. [51. 10. 11, 1-13.] 

The types of Ptilopus strophittm, Gould, and Piezorhynchus lucidus 
(Gbay) are in this collection. 

14 birds from New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands, also from 
Tristan d'Acunha (voyage of H.M.SS. Rattlesnake and Eerald), 
Presented. [56. 10. 14, 1-14.] 

In this donation were included the types of Nesocichla eremita, Gould, 
Ptilopus greyif Gray, Columba hypcenochrody Gould, Coryphmnas crassi- 
rostriSf Gfould, Lorius chlorocercus, Gould, Centropus mUo, Gould, 
Eirundo subfusca {=H. tahitica) (cf. Sharpe, Cat. B., x., p. 141), and 
Tropidorhynchus lessoniy Gray. 

MacGregor {Sir William). 

3 rare birds from British New Guinea (Paramythia montium and 
Daphmnositta miranda), [97. 4. 20, 1-4.] 

McGregor (R. C. S.). 

10 birds from Battle Creek, California. Presented. [98. 12. 14, 
1-10.] 

Mcllwraithj MoEacham and Co. 

7 birds from Mt. Victoria, British New Guinea. Purchased. 
[96. 1. 5, 1-7.] 

A small selection from a New Guinea collection, offered to the 
Museum by the above-named gentlemen, who are merchants in the City. 
Since that date the collections have been acquired by the Tring Museum. 
They have all contained specimens of value, and a Lorikeet has been 
described by Mr. Rothschild as Cydopsittacus macUwraithu 



Birds. 423 

' In the small collection acquired by the Museam were four species 
new to the collection, two of tbem being new to science (Oreopnttacus 
mindis, Grant, Melipotes atricepa^ Grant ( = If. fumiffcUus, Meyer). 
Specimens of Faramyihia montiumy De Vis and Amblyomis macgregorisBy 
De Vis (= A, inomatusy Schl.), were also added to the Museam 
collection. 

Mcintosh (Donald). 

229 birds from Australia, mostly from Victoria. Presented. [1900. 
6. 11, 1-204 ; 1900. 6. 24, 1-25]. 

A well-known Australian sportsman, who presented some interesting 
birds. 

Mackinder {Prof. H. J.). 

85 specimens from the Mackinder expedition to Mount Kenya. 
Purchased. [1900. 1. 19, 1-85.] 

For an account of Professor Mackinder's Expedition, see the 
** Geographical Journal " for 1900 (vol. xv., p. 453). 56 species were 
obtained during the journey, which were described by me in my account 
of the collection (P.Z.S., 1900, pp. 596-609). Four were new to science, 
yiz., Bubo mackinderi (pi. xUii.), Finarochroa emeati and Hyphaniornii 
oambumif Campothera hawibergi ; and a fifth species, Cisticola neumanniy 
from the Settima Range, has been described by Dr. Hartert (Bull. 
B.O.C., xii., p. 13, 1901). A Flycatcher which I at first identified as 
Chloropeta interina turned out to be new, and I described it as (7. kenya 
(BulL B.O.C., xii., p. 35). Laniarius (ibbotti was also new to the collection. 

MoKinlay {Dr. A.). 

36 birds from the Malay Archipelago and the coast of China. 
Presented. [82. 12. 1, 1-36.] 

Dr. McKinlay was surgeon on board H.M.S. Mosguito during the 
service of this battleship on the China station. He procured a specimen 
of the rare Scops Owl {Fisorhina sticUmota), 

Macmillan (W. N.). 

430 birds from the Baro and Sobat Bivers and Upper White Nile, 
collected by Mr. Zaphiro. Presented. [1905. 12. 25, 1-430.J 

Maopherson (J.). 

One of Mr. Hume's correspondents who sent him eggs from Mysore. 
Majastre (A.). 

See Gebrabd, E. 
Major {Dr. Fobstth). 
See Royal Society. 

A collection of birds and skeletons of birds from Madagascar. An 
account of the expedition made by Dr. Forsyth Major and Mr. A. Robert 
will be found in the '* Proceedings " of the Zoological Society for 1896 
(pp. 971-981). For a full account of his work c/. Hist Coll., i., 
ueology, p. 309. 

Maltzan {Baron H. yon). 

29 specimens from Hidti and San Domingo. Purchased. [89. 3. 27, 
1-29.] 

Man (E. H.). 

6 eg2s of the Kicobar Megapode (Megapodius nicobariefMis). Pre- 
sented. [81. 7. 29, 19-24] (c/. Gates, Gat. Kggs Brit. Mua., L, p. 16). 



424 Zoology. 

MandelU (L.). 

13 birds from Sikhim. Presented. [78. 3. 29, 6-18.] 
When I first began to work at the Museum, I found the series of 
birds from our Indian Empire to be a very poor one, both as regards 
the number of species and the condition of specimens, and I wrote to 
Mandelli to beg for a few of the Flycatchers necessary for my work in 
the fourth volume of the '* Catalogue of Birds." He promptly sent me 
the 13 specimens recorded above, which were most useful at the time, 
and added five species to the Museum, viz., Nitidula hodgsoniy 
Mtucicapuia sapphira^ Erythrostema pusUla^ Cyomis moffnirostris, and 
O, tmicolor, 

Mandelli employed a number of native collectors, and amassed a fine 
series of birds from Sikhim, Native Sikhim, the adjacent portions of Tibet, 
and the Bhutan Dooars. So particular was he as to the condition of his 
skins that he made a point of throwing away any which were not well 
preserved. The unfortunate man ultimately took his own life, and his 
collection was purchased by Mr. Allan Hume, and came to the British 
Museum with the rest of the Hume collection in 1885. It was one of the 
features of this wonderful donation. 

Maiming {General W. H.). 

438 specimens of birds from Nyasa Land and the neighbouring 
countries. Presented. [99. 1. 2, 1-26 ; 99. 3. 1, 1-148 ; 1900. 11. 12, 
1-222 ; 1901. 6. 20, 1-33 ; 1901. 7. 5, 1-9.] 

The good work begun in Nyasa Land by Sir Harry Johnston was 
continued by GlenenJ (then Colonel) Manning, who succeeded him as 
H.B.M. Commissioner for British Central Africa. The collections sent by 
(General Manning were described by Capt. Shelley in the " Ibis ** for 1899 
(pp- 281-283, 369, 564-580, pis. v., vi. ; 1901, pp. 161-177, 586-595. 
Chlorophoneus manningi is named after him (c/". Ibis, 1899, pp. 281-283, 
364-380, pis. v., vi.), and other species, Lyhius macclcuni, CisticoUi 
alttcolck^ and Cypselus cU/redif were discovered by Mr. McCloun and the 
naturalists employed by General Manning. 

Of. Who's Who, 1905, p. 1067. 

Mantell {Dr.), RB.S. 

10 specimens, including cast of the head of the Dodo, eggs and skulls 
of Ostrich and skeletons of other birds. Presented. [41. 1. 12, 36, 38, 39 ; 
41. 1. 14, 26, 28 ; 41. 1. 14, 36, 44, 57 ; 41. 1. 17, 2, 3.] 

Cf, Diet, Nat. Biogr , xxxvi., p. 99. 

Mantell (Walteb), Esq, [Son of the above.] 

5 specimens from New Zealand. Purchased (through Mr. Cbuld). 
[56. 5. 28, 1-5.] 

The origin^ example of Notomis mantelli was purchased on this 
occasion. The history of the specimen is given by Mr. Grould in his 
"Handbook to the Birds of Australia" (vol ii., pp. 576-579). The 
types of Nestor notahUiaf Qould, were also acquired at the same time. 

A second specimen of Notomis in the Museum bears no register 
number, but is said to have been procured bv Mr. Walter Mantell, and is 
so chronicled by Sir Walter BuUer (B. New Zealand, 1st ed., p. 192). The 
two specimens were mounted by the late Mr. A. D. Bartlett, and were for 
many years exposed in the public Bird Gallery. When the collections 
were transferred to South Kensington from Bloomsbury they were removed 
and placed in the bird-cabinets, where they are no longer exposed to the 
risk of bleaching. 



Birds. 425 

The type of Spatula variegata, Gould, was bought at the same time 
(cf. Salvadori, Cat. B., xxvii., p. 314). 

Maries (C). 

46 birds from China and Jajian. Purchased. [80. 2. 27, 1-46.] 
This collection added a 8i)ecimen of Ampdis phxnicoptera to the 

collection. 

14 mounted 8i)ecimen8 from Gwalior. Presented. [91. 6. 20, 1-14.] 
These birds were beautifully mounted by Mr. Maries, when he was 

Curator to the Gwalior Museum. 

Markham {Admiral A. H.). 

10 specimens of eggs from Novaya Zemlya. Presented. [79. 11. 15, 
1-10.] 

Some of these eggs were very interesting, especially those of the 
Glaucous Gull (Larus glauciui), etc. 

Marsden {Mr. Hebbebt). 

20 embryos and nestlings of Fulmar Petrels and other St. Hilda birds. 
Purchased. [99.7.11,1-20.] 

MarshaU {Colonel C. H. T.). 

37 specimens, chiefly from the Himalayas. Presented. [78. 3. 11, 
1-19; 78.5.4,7-24.] 

10 specimens from Chamba, N. W. Himalayas. Presented. [84. 7. 22, 
1-10.] 

Includes the type of the new Monaul (Lophophorus chamhantu)^ now 
believed to be merely a variety of the common species, L. rrfulgens, 

Marshall (Guy A. E.). 

41 specimens of birds from Mashonaland. Presented. [96. 3. 15, 
1-35 ; 1900. 2. 20, 5-10.] 

Eldest son of Colonel C. H. T. Marshall, and a first-rate naturalist and 
collector. He has done some very extensive work with South African 
Lepidoptera, and has written a very interesting paper on the Birds of 
Mashonaland (Ibis, 1900, pp. 221-270). The collections presented by 
Mr. Guy Marshall contained several interesting species hitherto supposed 
to be confined to S.W. Africa. 

Martin (Dr. Henby C). 

Two curious grey varieties of the Rook {Trypanocorax frugilegus) 
From Wiltshire. Presented. [1902. 7. 8, 1-2.J 

Meade-Waldo (E. G. B.). 

60 birds from the Atlas Mountains, Marocco, including the types of 
ParuB cUlas, Motactlla suhpersonata and Coiile ftiauritanica. Presented. 
[1904. 4. 12, 1-60.] 

A skeleton of Bubo ignavus from Norway. Presented. [1904. 6. 24, 1.] 

An egg of Symium uralense, laid in confinement. Presented. [1905. 
6. 21, l^T 

450 specimens from the Canary Islands, etc. Presented. [1905. 12. 23, 
1-450.] 
Hears {Capt, A.). 

116 birds from the Upper Chindwin River. Presented. [1903. 12. 4, 
1-104; 1903. 12. 11, 1-12.] 

340 birds from the Upper Chindwin River, Burma. Presented, 
[1904. 12. 6, 1-7 ; 1904. 12. 12, 1-333; 1905. 9. 24, 1-200.] 



426 Zoology. 

Meek (A. S.). 

See Gebbabd. 
Mr. Albert Meek has been one of the band of naturalists who have 
collected for the Hon. Walter Rothschild in Papuasia and North 
Australia. In company with his brother-in-law Mr. Eickhom, he has 
carried out some surprisingly successful expeditions, which are recorded in 
the following papers in the " Novitates Zoologicas " by the Hon. Walter 
Rothschild and Dr. Hartert: vol. ii., 1895, p. 61 (Fergusson Island); 
iii., 1896, pp. 233-251 (Fergusson, Trobriand, Egum,