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In Octavo f Boards, price Five Shillinga and Sixpence, 

THE BALLADS AND SONGS OF AYRSHIRE, lUustrated with Sketches, 
Historical, Traditional, Narrative, and Biographical, Notes, &c., by James 
Patirson, and with Remarks by Captain Chables Gray. 

*«* " Few thing! are more delightful than a gossip abont Old Sones, and the Editor who brings a work of 
this description nnder our notice, deserves oar special thanJu. In the Introduction^ there are some interesting 
Notices of the Modem Musicians and Composers of Ayrshire." 

^Bt ^* A tastefully edited and very interesting collection of Songs and Ballads. 

*,* The selection is cnrions and good, and no lover of Scotch Songs ought to be without a copy. The nios- 
trative Notes and Sketches are highly interesting, and serve to throw considerable light on the ballad lore of 

the West." 


OBIT BOOK OF ATB 1806-1595. 

In 4tOy with a Fine Frontispiece. Boards, price Six Shillings, 

1306 to 1695. Edited, \vith a Translation and an Historical Sketch, Illustra- 
tive Notes, &c., by James Patkbson. 

*,* Alike interesting to the Antiquary and nsefnl to the Genealogist." — Omlt Two Hundbbd akd Fiftt 
Ck>piBs Pbintxd. 



or THE 







antiquarian ant Sistotical iSoiiltiiellei, 








It is precisely five years since we wrote the Preface to the first volunie 
of this work, — the twelfth part of an average long life 1 We do not say 
that the whole of this protracted period has been devoted to the under- 
taking. On the contrary, lengthened intervals occurred, during which 
no progress whatever was Inade with it. This arose out of events which 
cannot well be explained. The want of a Publisher — engaging to run 
the risk of the second volume — occasioned an unavoidable and serious 
delay. Nearly two years elapsed before Mr. Stevenson, the publisher, 
came forward, and undertook the responsibility of completing the work. 
Since that time, we have been enabled to move on — ^slowly, or more ex- 
peditiously, according to circumstances. No doubt, the attention re- 
quired in managing the business of a printing-office, however small, has 
been a material drawback ; still, when the magnitude of the undertaking 
is considered, the time consumed in bringing it to a close may not appear 
so extraordinary after all. 

To us it has been, in one sense, a labour of pleasure, but, in another, 
of much anxiety ; and, we may add, of considerable pecuniary loss. The 
work is of such a nature that it could not be expected from the sale, — 
local and limited as the demand for such books usually is, — ^to yield any- 
thing like a remuneration for the research involved in it ; yet, having 
put our hand to the plough, we could not think of abandoning it, even in 



the face of apparently insurmouiitable difl&culties, and the certainty of 
reaping a very inadequate reward. But for it, we might have been en- 
gaged in more profitable pursuits, and avoided many annoyances to which 
our devotion to the undertaking exposed us. It is now finished, however, 
and we may mention these things by way of apology to our Subscribers, 
many of whom have to look back over a period of at least eight long 
years since they first added their names to the subscription list, not only 
for the delay, but also on account of not a few deficiences inseparable 
from a task so often interrupted. No work of the kind ought ever to 
be undertaken, save by men of " lettered ease and independence," who 
can afford to give their hobby full rein, — a life-time being scarcely suffi- 
cient to do justice to such an extensive field of enquiry as we have gone 

Sensible we are of the numerous defects of the work — ^its sins of omis- 
aion and commission, — we might have been more full here, more accu- 
rate there ; still, when the difficulty of obtaining information — especially 
anything like correct information — in reference to family history and 
the descent of property, is considered, some indulgence will be vouch- 
safed to us. In the preface to the first volume, we took occasion to 
thank the representatives of the various families, to whom we had ap- 
plied, for the ready manner in which they responded to our inquiries ; 
and we have our renewed thanks to tender in a similar manner on ac- 
count of this, the second volume. At the same time, we may state that 
there were exceptions. In some instances not even a reply cotdd be 
elicited — while, in numerous cases, where the ancient race is extinct, we 
had no source of information save the public records. It is therefore 
little to be wondered at if our genealogies sometimes dwindle down to 
mere skeleton sketches — ^notes thrown chronologically together, no 
doubt, but wanting the muscular adhesion of a fuU grown pedigree. It 
may be proper to explain, however, that the " History of the County 
of Ayr," was in reality designed to partake more of the character of a 


historical than a genealogical work. We were less caring for minute 
family detail, than to trace the progress and division of land, and the ori- 
gin and descent of the principal branches of the proprietors. If we are 
therefore occasionally less full in the pedigrees than some genealogists 
could wish, our apology is thus at hand. 

Faulty as the work may be in this respect, yet such notes as we have 
been able to give, may lead to fuller expansion by members of the fa- 
milies themselves — who have a taste for genealogical inquiry — or by 
parties into whose hands the requisite family documents have fallen. 
Whatever may be the opinion of the public as to the merits or demerits 
of the work, we are glad to know that the design of it is appreciated, 
and that, by and by, there may be done for other counties of Scotland 
what we have attempted for Ayrshire. 

Amidst discouragements of no ordinary description, we have great 

pleasure in tendering our best thanks — ^in addition to the gentlemen 
mentioned in the preface to the first volume — to David Laing, Esq. of 

the Signet Library, for his unvaried kindness and assistance, and to 

William Ranken, Esq. Glenlogan, and William Cooper, Esq. of Failford, 

for their valuable information and otherwise. 

Edinburgh, September 1852. 


Parish or Dukdonald — 

Etjmologr, Extent^ &c. 8 

History, Ciril aad ficdeaiastica], 4 

AntiqaitieB, 10 
FamSies in ike Pariah of Dundonald — 

Follertons of that Ek, 12 

FaiUrton of Dreghom, 22 
Fairlies of Dreghorn, afterwards called 

Fairlie, 23 
Wallaces of Dandonald and Aofaana, 24 

Cochranes, Earls of Dandonald, 26 

M'Kerrell of Hillhonse, 32 

Wallaces of Shewalton, . 35 

Boyle of Shewalton, . . 86 

Cnninghames of Collellan, 87 
Wallaces of Galrigs, or Garriz, now 

called Newfield, 88 

Cranfard of Newfield, . 89 

Wallaces of Ronhill, 40 

M^Clune, or M<Cleane, of Holmes of 

Dnndonald, . „ 

Pabish of DunijOp — 

Etymology. Extent, &e. ' 41 

History, Ciyil and Ecclesiastical, 42 

Antiquities, . 44 

Traditions, . 45 
Families in the Parish of Dunhp — 

Danlop of Dnnlop. • 46 

Coninghames of Aiket, . 49 

Dunlops of Hapland, subsequently of 

Boarland, 60 

Porterfield of Hapland, 6 1 

Gemmells of Templehouse, 52 

Donlope of Loanhead or Aiket, 58 

Pabish of Fbnwick — 

Etymology, Extent, &c. 54 

History, Civil and Ecclesiastical, «, 

Antiquities, . 56 

Traditions, . „ 
Families in the Parish o/Fenwtch— 

Mures of Polkelly, * 67 

Gardrum, „ 

Lochgoin, 58 

Pabish of Galston — 

Etymolo^, Extent) &c. 59 

History, Uivil and Ecclesiastical, 60 

Old Baildings, . 68 

Families in the Parish of Galston — 
Keiths, Stewarts, and Rosses of Gabton, 64 

Lockharts of Bar, 66 

Schaws of Sombeg, • t '67 

Campbell of Cesnoclc . 68 
Campbell of Barquharrie and Mayfield, 71 

Fairlie of Holmes, 78 

Pabish of Gibvam — 

Etymology, Extent, &c. 
History, Civil and Ecclesiastical, 
Familiea in the PariA of Girvan — 
Kennedies of Ardmillan, 
Craufuirds of Ardmillan, 







Pabish of Ibvikk— 

Etymology, Extent, &c. 
History, Civil and Ecclesiastical, 
Memorabilia connected with the Burgh, 87 



The Presbytery Records, 


Custom-House Records, 




Families in the Parish o/Irrine — 

Stane, or Stonanrig, 


Montgomeries of Stane, 


Montgomerie of Broomlands, 









Pabish of Kilbibnib — 

Etymology, Extent, &c. . 105 

Histor^r, Civil and Ecclesiastical, 107 

Antiquities, . , 111 

Families in the PariA of Kilbimie — 
The Barclays and Craufurds of Kil- 
bimie, . 118 
Cuninghames of Glengamock, 117 
The other Cuninghames of Glengar- 

nock, . 120 

Ladyland, — Barclays, 121 

Hamiltons, 122 

Cochrans. 124 

Pabish of West Kilbbide — 

Etymology, Extent, &o. 125 

History, Civil and Ecderiastical, 126 

Antiquities, . . 129 

Island of Little Cumbray, 180 

Families in the Parish of West Kilbride^ 
Southanan Barony, 182 

Hunterstoun, „ 

Ardneill or Portincross, . 185 

Buntine of Kilbride, . 188 

Craufurds of Crosebieand Auohinames, 1 39 
Cuninghames and Boyds af Carlung, 148 • 
Simsons of Kirktounhall, 144 

Hunter of Kirkland, 145 

Tarbet, . . , 146 

Orchard, „ 




The namo is evidently derived from the Gaelic 
Dtaif a fortified hill ; and Donald, the name of 
a person — some warrior in those early periods of 
which we hare no authentic history. The parish 
is sitoated at the north-west extremity of the dis- 
trict of Kyle. It was at one time much more 
extensiTe than it is at present. It forms nearly 
^* an equilateral triangle, the length of the side 
of which is about seven miles. On the south- 
west aide it is bounded by the shore of the Frith 
of Clyde ; which, passing over the point at Troon 
(extending nearly a mile into the sea), runs al- 
most in a straight line from the point at Irvine 
harbour to where the Rumbling and Po bums 
meet, and separate it from the parish of Monk- 
ton. On the north it is bounded by the water 
of Irvine, separating it from the parishes of Ir- 
vine, Dregfaom and Kilmanrs. On the south- 
east it has no natural boundary, but runs in a 
straight lino from a point on the Irvine, a little 
below Caprington, to the above-mentioned point 
on the coast westward, on which adc it is bounded 
by the parishes of Riccarton, Symington, and 

The topographical character of the parish is 
well described by the writer m the Statistical Ac" 
count: — " Within these limits the sur&ce is mark- 
ed by a Tery pleasing variety of appearance. All 
along the sea-coast and the banks of Irvine for a 
considerable way inland, the soil is almost a dead 

* Statistleal Aoeoont of the parish, admirably drawn 
up by tbe Bjbx. Alexander WUUson. 

level, or very gently undulated. But with a view, 
as it were, to make amends for this tiresome mo- 
notony, it rapidly swells up, towards one concen- 
trating point, into eminences betwixt three and 
four hundred feet above the level of the sea. 
These form the Clavin hills, so caUed probably 
from the Celtic Clai hhdn, signifying broad- 
swords, which, when laid in a particular form, 
give a good idea of their appearance. From the 
tops ot these eminences there is a most delight- 
ful prospect, said to comprise parts* of fourteen 
counties ; and it is questionable if, from an equal 
elevation, so fine a natural panorama, both for 
richness and extent, is anywhere to be met with 
in the lowlands of Scotland. 

*^ At the foot of one of these hills, forming a 
rocky precipice, and well skirted with wood, lies 
the village of Dundonald. This, with the ad- 
joining grey ruins of the castle, crowning an 
eminence ^in front of the village, gives it a very 
picturesque appearance. There is only one thing 
wanting to complete the picture, and that is wa- 
ter ; the village being shut in from the sea by the 
intervening hills, while there is scarcely a stream 
deserving the name of a rivulet in the parish. 
This defect, however, tells more upon the eye 
than upon the comfort of the inhabitants ; for, 
the soil being generally retentive, excepting to- 
wards the shore, springs are everywhere abun- 
dant ; and the water is in general good, though 
in some places strongly impregnated with carbo- 
nate of iron." 

There is reason, however, to believe that this 
defect did not always exist. The low ground 
between the precipice and the Caatle Hill) through 


which a small streamlet runs, and which is sdll 
marshy, has every indication of having at one 
time formed a loch. Indeed, none of the old 
castles were built unless in the immediate vici- 
nity of a plentiful supply of water. This sup- 
position seems confirmed by the &ct, that the 
ground on which part of the village is built, is 
styled in the title-deeds iheJishermarCsJield^ from 
the person, no doubt, whose bnsiness it was to 
supply the castle with fish from the loch. At the 
lower extremity apparently of this sheet of water 
there are certain remains extant of a mill for 
grinding com, which was probably at work long 
after the castle became tenanUess and the loch 
partially drained. 

The climate is considered mild, though rather 
moist, from the immediate vicinity of the hills. 
The greater part of the land is under cultivation, 
and the soil is exceedingly varied, so that no par- 
ticular crop IS peculiar to the parish. It is not 
behind the rest of Ayrshire in dairy produce. 

There are no extensive plantations in the pa- 
rish, though the interior part of it is well wooded. 
At Auchans there are a few acres of natural wood, 
and some fine spedmeos of old trees near the 

The means of conmiunication are good. Be- 
sides roads in various directions, two railways 
pass through the parish. These are the old tram- 
road, oonstracted by the Duke of Portland in 
1810, between Kilmarnock and Troon — now re- 
laid with rails by the Ghisgow and Ayr Bailway 
Company, who have leased the line — and the 
Glasgow and Ayr line, which passes along the 
coast for neariy eight miles. 

There are two harbours properly within the 
parish — ^Irvine and Xroon. The former, how- 
ever, is usually classed along with Irvine. Troon 
is technically considered only a creek of Irvine, 
although it is now the most important of the two. 
A charter was obtained, by William Fullarton of 
Fnllarton, from Queen Anne in 1707, for the 
purpose of constructing a harbour at Troon. 
About that period, says the Old StatUtieal Ac- 
county ^^ an offer was made to the proprietor by 
the merchants of Glasgow for feuing the adjoin- 
ing land, and proceeding with the work; but 
their offer was rejected for a reason which, 
however ridiculous it may now appear, would be 
considered very cogent in those days — ^lest a rise 
should take place on the price of butter and eggs." 
The diarter thus remained in abeyance till 1808, 
'^^ when the Duke of Portland, who had previously 
purchased the estate of Fullarton, entered on the 
undertaking, which has cost firom first to last about 
£100,000." There are two dry docks, and a wet 
dock has been constructed, while other improve- 

ments are still going on. ^^ The harbour has a 
good lighthouse, supported firom its own revenue ; 
and on the Lady Isle, lying towards the bay of 
Ayr, but belonging to this parish ; the merchants 
of Glasgow, more than half-a-century ago, erected 
two pillars for the direction of vessels."* 


'^The first historical notice we have of the 
pbice," says the Statistical Account^ ^^is in the 
time of the fifth Walter Stewart, who was styled 
of Dundonald, and was made Justiciary of Scot- 
land by Alexander IT., at St Andrews, in 1230. 
It is said, however, by Chalmers, that the manor 
and parish belonged to Walter, the son of Allan, 
the first Stewart, who held the whole of the 
northern half of Kyle in the beginning of the reign 
of WilL'am the lion ; and that it might have been 
granted to him by David L, or his successor, Mal- 
colm lY. Nothing more is known, or even con- 
jectured, regarding it until the reign of Robert 11., 
who appears, by several charters dated at Dun- 
donald, to have made it the place of at least occa- 
sional residence, fix)m 1371 till the time of hia 
death in 1390. This latter event is particularly 
mentioned by the Prior of St Serfs Inch, Loch- 
leven: — 

* The seoownd Bobert of Scotland Kynif, 
A« God pnnraid maid endying 
At Downdownald In his ooontn. 
Of a fldKift sickiMBi than def d he.'— Wthtov. 

That his gentle, but ill-starred son and succes- 
sor, Robert m., died in the same place, is also 
asserted by the same anthor; and though his 
authori^ on this point is disputed by Pinkerton 
and Foidoun, there are others of no mean autho- 
rity, such as Rnddiman and Macpherson, who 
stand up in defence of the testimony of the poet. 
But, be this as it may, there cannot be a doubt of 
his continuing to reside here some time after his 
fiither's death: and it is probable, that it was 
honoured by occasional visits fix>m his royal suc- 
cessors till the time of James IV. Ftom the pre- 
decessor of this monarch, James m., Allan, first 
Lord Gathcart, obtained the custody of the castle, 
with the dominical lands, in 1482, and with this 
family they may be supposed to have continued 
for some tune. The next account we have of it 
is in 1527, the date of a charter firom James Y., 
confirmatory of one probably given in his mino- 
rity, and granting it in right of possession to a 
person of the name of Wallace, a cadet, in all 
likelihood, of the fiunily of Craigie. In this de- 
scent it continued till 1638, when the proprietor, 
who appears to have been deeply involved in the 

• Stattoticol Aoooont 


troubleB of the time, by taking an active lead in 
the covenanting interest, made it over by sale to 
Sir WiUiam Cochrane of Cowden, the ancestor of 
the present Earl of Dundonald.* In 1726, it 
passed again into the possession of the £glinton 
fiunily, with whom it still continues ; and all that 
now remains to the Dmidonald family is merely 
the mouldering walls of the castle, with the mount 
on which it stands, extending to about six or eight 
acres of land." 

So far the Statistical Account. From the Boyd 
charter-chest it would appear that Thomas, fifth 
Lord Boyd, had a charter of Auchans (the supe- 
riority probably) from John Wallace of Auchans, 
in 1599 ; and he and his successors seem to have 
had no small trouble in enforcing their rights — 
the vassals of Wallace having resisted their claims. 
The case came before the sheriff and bis deputies, 
who failed to put their decrees into execution, 
until letters were obtained from the Signet, com- 
manding them to end the matter, and ^^ do justice 
to Lord Boyd." By a novodamus^ in a charter of 
the twenty pound lands of Dundonald, obtained 
by Mr William Cochran in 1638, the Kirktown of 
Dundonald was erected into a free burgh of ba- 
rony. This clause in the charter, however, never 
seems to have been acted upon. 

Before the harbour of Troon was constructed, 
the point upon which it is built was used as a fish- 
ing creek, and immense quantities of smuggled 
goods were landed at it, and carried through the 
Dundonald hills into the interior. All along the 
coast the inhabitants were extensively engaged 
in the contraband trade. Many curious stories 
are told of their encounters with the revenue offi- 
cers, whom they frequently defeated or outwitted. 

In reference to the ecclesiastical history of the 
parish, Chalmers, in his Caledonia^ states that it 
was ^* anciently of much greater extent than it 
has been in more modem times. It comprehend- 
ed, on the east, the chapelry of Bicardstoun, which 
was formed into a separate parish long before the 
Befbfrmation ; and it comprehended, on the south, 
the chapelry of Crossby, which is now included in 
the nnited parish of Monktoun and Prestwick. f 

« We take this to be the date of traoafer, instead of that 
girea in the former Statistical Aoooimt, wliich is two years 
later; because that date is given without authority, and we 
ted Sir WiUiain*t name entered in 1688, as a member of 
the kiik-eeisioii, which oonld soaroely have happened before 
the parchaae of this estate, as it was his only bond of con- 
neetion with the parish. 

t This is a mistake. Monkton parish is sometimes eiro- 
neoosly mentioned as the united parish of Monkton, rrest- 
wiek, and Crosby. The latter never was a separate parish. 
The records of the Presbytery of Ayr bear that, in 1^51, 
the estate of Crosby, at the request of its proprietor, was 
dinjohied fttmi the parish of Dundonald, and for the sake 
of hda^ nearer to rtdigious ordinances, was joined to Monk- 
ton. In 1688, faoweTer, it waa again wholly remitted to 

The church of Dundonald, with its two chapels of 
Richardstoun and Crossby, was granted by the 
second Walter the Stewart to the Gilbertine con- 
vent, which he founded at Dalmulin, in 1229. When 
this convent was given up, in 1238, Walter grant- 
ed the church of Dundonald, with its two chapels 
of Richardstoun and Crossby, to the monks of 
Paisley. The chapel of Richardstoun was esta- 
blished as a separate parish church, which be- 
longed to the monastery of Paisley till the Refor- 
mation ; as did, also, llie church of Dundonald, 
with its remaining chapel of Crossby. The church 
of Dundonald was served by a vicar, who had a 
fixed stipend from the monks, out of the tithes of 
the parish, and some other profits.* In Bagi- 
mont^s roll the vicarage of Dundonald was taxed 
at £5, 68. 8d., being a tenth of its estimated value. 
At the epoch of the Reformation, the vicarage of 
Dundonald waa held by Mr Hew Montgomery, 
to whom it yielded £60 yearly, besides 40 merks 
more, which were paid to two curates who did 
the duty. The rectorial revenues of the church 
of Dundonald were reported, in 1562, as produc- 
ing to the monastery of Paisley £140 and 2 chal- 
ders 8 bolls of bear yearly. In 1587, the patron- 
age, and the tithes of the church of Dundonald, 
were vested heritably in Lord Claud Hamilton, 
the commendator of Paisley, who was created 
Lord Paisley; and they descended, in 1621, to 
his grandson, James Earl of Abercom. In 1653, 
the patronage of this parish passed, with the 
lordship of Paisley, firom the Earl of Abercom to 
Sir William Cochran of Cowdon, who, some years 
before, acquired from Wallace of Dimdonald the 
estate of Dundonald. ... In the beginning 
of the eighteenth century the patronage of Dun- 
donald church passed, with the estate of Dun- 
donald, to the Earl of Eglinton. They still belong 
to that family, and are at present held by [the 
Earl of Eglinton and Winton.] . . Within the 
castle of Dundonald there was anciently founded 
a chapel, which was dedicated to Saint Ninian ; 
and an endowment was made for the support of a 
chaplain to perform divine service in it. The 
patronage of this chaplainry probably belonged 
to the Prince and Steward of Scotland ; but, dur- 

Dundonald. It would appear that, subsequent to this latter 
date, the laird of Crosby erected the place of worship, the 
ndns of which still remain, for the accommodation of the 
neighbouring population, and it continued for some time as 
a preaching station, and for a while had a minister of its 

• There belonged to the vicarage of Dundonald glebe 
lands, in various places, to the extent of ten merks, seven 
shillings and fourpence, of the old valuation. All those 
were acquired, about the epoch of the Refbrmation, which 
was equally the epoch of dilapidation, by Cuninghame of 
Caprington. There belonged to the church of Dundonald 
other church lands, which also passed into lay hands after 
the Sefiirmation. 


ing the reigns of James IV. and James V., and 
till the Reformation, the patronage was exerdsed 
by the Crown ; there being, in those periods, no 
prince who was of full age." 

Besides these chapels there appears to have 
been another, possibly of greater antiquity, not 
mentioned by Chalmers, called St Mary's Chapel. 
A very small portion of the building is still trace- 
able. It was situated in the pass through the 
Clavin hills. The site now forms the garden of 
Hallyards farm. An excellent well, still called 
St Mary^s Well, exists about a hundred yards 
west of tiic remains of the chapel. 

It is said that a chapel once existed at a place 
called the chapd-hill, near the mansion of Hill- 
house. In the garden wall, built nearly a oen- 
tury ago, the font stone is still pointed out. 

The present church of Dundonald was built in 
1803. The finishing touch, however, may be 
said to have been only put to it within the last 
ten years. The following paragraph recording 
the cu*cumstance we quote from a local print : — 
" Dundonald. — Om* village steeple — so long 
without a hand or tongue to note the flight of 
l^e — ^has at length been burnished with both in 
a style that may well excite the envy of surround- 
ing communities. Tlie clock — ^which is the work- 
manship of Messrs Brcckenridge & Son, Kilmar- 
nock, who deserve gixjat credit for tlie yery sub- 
stantial and elegant job they have made of it — 
was set a-going about ten days ago, and it con- 
tinues to perform its important functions in the 
most accurate and faithful manner. The history 
of this valuable ornament is worthy of being re- 
corded, as alike honourable to the heritors and 
the inhabitants of the parish. A sum amounting 
to upwards of £60 — ^the unappropriated residue 
of a fund collected some years ago for the relief 
of the unemployed during a protracted stagna- 
tion of trade — Shaving been handsomely offered 
by the heritors as a contribution on their part 
towards procuring the long-contemplated desi- 
deratum of a clock, the viUagers and farmers in 
the neighbourhood immediately commenced a 
subscription, which was speedily augmented to 
nearly £30. These two sums conjoined enabled 
the committee not only to meet the charges of 
the Messrs Brcckenridge, but to purchase a new 
and very melodious bell, the maiden tones of 
which were first heard pealing on Tuesday the 
9th instant [1841], in honour of the arrival of 
the Earl and Countess of Eglinton and Winton 
in Ayrshire. The spire — ^not imhandsome in it- 
self—is greatly improved by the neatly-figured 
and richly-gilt horologes that now grace three 
sides of its square, and prominently indiciite the 
hours and minutes of the day. The old bell — 

which, of course, has been superseded — is an ob- 
ject of antiquarian curiosity. It bears the fol- 
lowing inscription : — *'*• Sancte boidie oea pro 
NOBIS ANNO dni M.ccc.ucxxx.vto- X." The 
English of which is — ^* Saint Egidius pray for us. 
In the year of our Lord Jesus Christ, 1395." St 
Egidius, though we cannot ascertain the fact, was 
in all probability the patron saint of Dundonald. 
. . . When the old church was taken down, 
and during the erection of the present one — ^built 
about the beginning of this century — ^the bell 
was carefully secured. Suspended between two 
trees, it continued to warn the parishioners to 
sermon in the churchyard, where the minister 
preached from a tent constructed for the purpose. 
Thus, after five centuries of faithful service, it 
has found, we believe, a resting-place at New- 
field, where it will be sure to meet that care and 
respect which it deserves as a relic of former 

Owing to the distance of Fullarton and Troon 
firom the parish church, places of worship, on the 
church extension principle, were erected there in 
1837 and 1838, with ordained clergymen, who 
have quoad spiritnalia districts assigned to them. 

In the churchyard at Dundonald there are no 
memorials older than the beginning of the last 
century. William first Earl of Dundonald, who 
died in 1686, was', by his own direction, interred 
within the church, but without any funeral mo- 
nument. There are no monumental remains of 
the fimulies of the district. 

The parochial records go as far back as 1602^ 
being thus two years earlier than those of Ayr.f 
^^ The oldest volume, containing the records of 
session, is tolerably entire ; nay, strange to say, 
much more so than any of the succeeding ones. 
It extends over a period of forty years, compris- 
ing a silent interval of sixteen years, and contains 
a great deal of parochial information that is cu- 
rious and interesting. Among other entries of 
this kind, are minutes of the trial of Patrick 
Lowrie, warlock, and Catharine M^Teir, demit of 
witchaufl. These seem to have been cases of 
peculiar interest, and considerable judicial diffi* 
culty, firom the minute detail of evidence adduced, 
and the length of time they appear to have been 
under trial. The attention of the session was 
more or less occupied by them for nearly &vo 
years — a term which would now-a-days do no 
small honour to a Chancery law-suit. Notwith- 
standing all this trouble, however, matters seem 

* Since the death of CoL CrawAird the bell has oome 
into poeaession of the Free Church of Dundonald. 

t The first entry is dated 3d January. It concerns a 
case of discipline, at which were proseut lour elders and 
four deacons. 


to have been left just where they began ; no de*- 
cision being recorded, probably from the parties 
leaving the parish, as we see, from part of the 
evidence, they threatened to do.'** Patrick was 
accused of visiting the byres of the neighbouring 
fimners, walking in at one door and out at the 
other, without speaking : the cows invariably, af- 
ter such visitations, became ^^ seik," and gave 
blood in place of milk. Catherine M^Tier is the 
only witch mentioned in the records of the ses- 
don, and escaped being burned by leaving the 
^^ kintra,** as Lowrie is su^^posed to have done. 
The following are extracts : — 

" 28d March, 1602.— The quhilk day, Symon 
Wallace in Creux requyrit to schaw the manner 
of that nproir and tumult maid in the kirkyard 
immediatelie eflir the sermon on Sonday the 8th 
of Apr}'le lust was, be him and his adherentis, 
and John Dickie in Gurraith and his adherentis. 
The siud Symon dcdarit in manner following: 
That he persaiving the said John Dickie to come 
by his accustomed manner with convocation of 
his friendis that day to the kirk, and that the said 
John Dickie had ofiendit him, he tmk the sam 
as done in contempt of him, quharupon quhen he 
saw the said John Dickie he bad him ga out of 
the kirkyard, and that thairupon the said John 
Dickie and his adherentis drew swordes to the 
said Symon, quhaimpon thai cutit his ganging 
staf, quhilk oidie he had in his han, and na ither 
armour. The Session continuit thes matters to 
fiirther tryel. 

" 18th January, 1605.— Quhilk day Johne 
Wyllie, in Olavins, accused for noth yoking his 
pleuch on Yule day last ; dedarit that he was at 
the smiddie himself la}ing and mending the pleuch 
yTTies (irons), and the rest of the foUds wrocht at 
home that day. 

George Brackenrig accusit in lyk manner, de- 
clarit that he led pcitis that day. 

" 17th March, 1605. — John FergushiU, young- 
er in Haly, deferrit ane slanderous tail! spokin to 
him by Agness Lyoun, spous to Petir Renkin in 
Paikheid ; she aledgand upon George Lachland 
her author, as the said George Lachland aledgit 
S}'mon Miiir his author, ' That the late minister 
of Kilwinning now departit this life was eardit 
with his mouth doun, and that he oonfessit that 
the minister of A)t and Irvine, and he, had the 
wyt of all the ill wedder the year.' 

'»* 25th January, 1608.— The whilk day the 
Session ortlained that Catherine !N'eil and James 
Dickie, lepplris, wha, with danger of infection of 
otheris, hants frielie the companie of utheris in 
this parochin, thocht they were clein, be chargit 

* Statistical Account. 

be the oflicer to gae to Hew Wallace in Bogside, 
and agree with him for places in Eingcase,* and 
gif it stand on Bogsides's pairt, to adverteis the 
Session, that be their travellis he and they may be 
addressit ; and gif it failzie on the said leppiris' 
pairts, that they neither will repair to him, to the 
effect foresaid, nor seek to the places appointit 
for sic foul persones, to certify them that they sal 
be publicklie dischargit this parochin. 

" 10th July, 1608.— The quhilk day Issobell 
Tumbill, in Loncs, oompearand befor the Session, 
was accusit of the sdander of ane superstidous 
doing by her. Declared that she was sent for 
anes or twys be Catherine Walker, spous to John 
Dook in Chamber in Lonis, and that when she 
cam to her she took ane auld left foot scho of the 
husband's, and therin thrust the said Catherine's 
sair pap, and cast the said scho over the balk ; 
and Uiat she thrust her pap in the scho, and cuist 
it over the balk twys or thr)'se, and thereafter 
she grew seik. 

^^ June 2, 1611.-^— Quhilk day the Session or- 
deined that help be maid to John Young to get 
remeid to his deiseas, after it be knawin gif the 
medidners will tak him in hand, and quhat they 
will tak thairfor. 

" 8th November, 1629.— The quhilk day the 
minister publicklie out of the pulpit, by the au- 
thority of the Presbytery, did inhibit and dis- 
charge all sorte of charming, and resorting to 
charmers, consulting with wizards, sorcerers, and 
uthers of that sorte, certifeing all and sundiie 
who did so in time cuming, they should be cha- 
lengit criminallie thairfore, and followit and per- 
sewit with death, as for the crimes of witchcraft. 

" 16th October, 1636.— The quhilk day it was 
ordainit that the deacons, gif they neglect to 
come to gather at the kirk door on the Sabbath 
at thair appointit days, and be absent without 
ane lawfull excuse, sail be lyable to the penalty 
of six shillings and aught pennies, money, of 
penalty, toties quoties^ as they are fund absent. 

" 24th April, 1637.— The quhilk day compear- 
ed William Watsoun in Crosbie, and because he 
was to be married without the bounds of this 
parish, desired libertie to tak from our parishion- 
ers who was to accompany him at his marriage 
feist six shilling for their bridal lawing,t quhilk 
the Session granted, providing that he paid out 
of his consignatioune the sowme of twenty-four 
shillings to the poure. 

* See tmKed parishes of Konkton and Frestwiok fbr an 
aoooont of Kingcase hospital. 

t This is a curioas minute, titic first of the kind we have 
met with. The Session seem to have considered it pr(^)er 
to defray at least a portion of the bridegroom's expenseSi 
because he was going to be mairled oat of the pari^ 


PARISH 0> DU1(1>0NAL1>. 

" 20th February, 1642. — ^It was ordained to 
snmmond to the next day, John French, John 
M'Speddan, John Small, and Adam Forgiskill, 
fngitiyes from the armie, and so guiltie of the 
sinne of perjurie ; to heir their injunes according 
to the Presbyteries ordinance, to give signs of re- 
pentance in the public place the next day for the 
foirsaid sinne. (They appeared and were rebuked 

'^ 16th May, 1642.— The Session ordained that 
no woman be suffered to sit in the kirk in the 
time of sommer with plyds upon their h^ds, be- 
cause it is a cleuck to their sleiping in tyme of 
sermon, and desyred the minister to exhort them 
gravelie the next day to the observance of the 

" 12ih September, 1642.— The whilk day these 
persons following war ordained to be summond to 
the next day, for absenting themsel& fix)m the 
publict thanksgiving to the Lord for his great 
mercies showen unto this land, in returning our 
armie in saiftie, and bringing of our King amongst 
us, and settling of the Kirk and State, on Tuysday 
last, to wit. Hew Fultoun, &c." 

The records are chiefly occupied with cases of 
bastardy and Sabbath-breaking, and working on 
fast-days. It would appear that actual /(»/in^ — 
abstaining from both meat and drink — ^was en- 
forced at this period. One case occurs in which 
a married woman, who was " with bayme," is 
accused of having taken food, as she could stand 
out no longer. She was dismissed with ^* ane 
admonitioun." There are repeated notices of 
the *^ pest," which paid more than one devastat- 
ing visit to Scotland during the seventeenth cen- 

The first volume contiuns a record of a differ- 
ent kind from the foregoing extracts, ^^ and to 
Scotchmen at large, of a more interesting nature, 
namely, the solenm League and Covenant, to 
which are attached no fewer than 222 signatures. 
But of these, which is a lamentable proof of the 
low state of education at the time, 179 are sub- 
scribed by proxy, because, as it is stated, they 
' could not wryt themselfis.'* It appears, how- 
ever, that the eyes of the people were beginning 
to open to this defect, as we find them making 
arrangements two years afterwards, in 1640, for 
forming what may be considered the first parish 
school. The articles agreed on at a public meet- 
ing held for the purpose, and to be subscribed by 
the teacher on admission to the office, are cer- 
tainly curious enough. The luckless man of let- 
ters was to be anything but a free agent; for 

* AmongBt those whose Bignaturea were holograph, 
M'Kerrell of Hfllhoose Is the only one whose descendants 
Kte in possession of the fiunily property. 

there was scarcely a part of his duty, even the 
most trifling, which was not laid down to him by 
rule, and according to which he was not com- 
manded to walk on pain of deposition. The 
hours of teaching and recreation, the tasks for 
the children, the deportment to be borne towards 
him, the kinds of punishment, even to the parti- 
cular kind of birch to be used, with the exact 
parts of the body to which it was to be applied, 
are all made the subject of minute description 
and legal enactment. What would a teacher 
now-a-days think if he were gravely called upon 
to subscribe such an article as the following? 
*^ That he shall attend at all hours when the 
children are in school, and not suffer himself to 
be withdrawn by drinking, playing, or any other 
avocation.' And more especially, when he takes 
a glance at No. 4, and sees that these hours in 
the winter months are firom sunrise to sunset, and 
in summer fix)m seven o'clock morning till six 
evening, without even the benefit of a Saturday's 
recreation ; and that on the very Sabbath itself, 
he was to be always present in church with his 
little flock around him, to see, as the record bears, 
that they conducted themselves with propriety, 
and gave due attention to the ordinances of reli- 
gion, of which examination on the following day 
was strictiy to be made.* 

• The following is a copy of the Begulations : 

Orders to he svbscrybed he him who shall have 
charge of instructing the youth heirafler at tke 
Kirk of Dundonald, whereunto he shall ty him- 
self under paine of deposition from his office^ 
in caice offailzie after deu tryall and admoni" 

1. The Mr. shall attend at all tymes when the chfldren 
ar In schoole, and not Boffer himself to be withdrawn by 
drinking, playing, or any other avocation. 

3. If ony other inevitable necessitie draw him away a 
whole day, or the great part of it, he shall not fUll to 
have some other in his absence to teach the schollers, and 
keip them in ordonr. 

8. If it shall happen that the Kr. have neoessarie bos- 
slness to withhold him longer nor the space of one day» 
he shall acquaint the Session therewith, or at lest the ml- 
nister, if the haist ot the matter cannot admit delay till 
the Session meit, that he may obtein libertie thairto. 

4. Let the children in the moneths of October, Novem- 
ber, December, January, Febmaiy, meit in the morning at 
the Sonne rysdng, and be dismissed at the smme setting 
at nicht, excep some younger ones, or those who ar laidest 
from the schoole, of whom some conslderatloun most be 
had. All the rest of the yeir let the hour of gathering In 
the morning be seavin of dock, and the hour of wiraiiHng 
six ; and such as learns latein wold always prevent (pre- 
cede) the rest a prettie space. 

6. Let the sohollers goe to breckftst at nyne houn, and 
convetai againe at 10. To dinner lykways at 13 houn, 
and retume at one aftemoone, so neir as may be. 

6. Let the Mr. pray grayelle and reUgioodie everie 
morning before the schollers at thefa: flnt meeting, and so 
at even before he dismisse them. 

7. Let a task be presoiybed everie evening to Ok sohol* 
ler in the Lord's prayer, belieC commands, graces, or ear 
teohisme, aooording to thdr age and progresse, whilk let 


*^ The minutes of session, after the oondusion 
of this volume till within the last few years, have 
been very carelessly kept. The next entry after 
1643 is in 1702, the commencement of another 
volume. And for more than half a centqry after 
this date there are scarcely ten consecutive years 
of their transactions recorded. The register of 
b^tisms, extending to four volumes, begins in 

them m.y everie morning beibre they enter to their ofdliuu- 

S. It most be eeerftallie attended that the schoUen be 
present at the aermona on the Lord's day, that they sit 
round about the Hr. silent, hearii:enin|^ modestlie, and re* 
yerentlie ; and have in reddines what they have observed, 
to say on MonondAy morning, at quhilk ^me, as also on 
ilk Saturday, beRxn they goe home, the Mr. wold spend at 
least ane half hour, opening up to them the grounds of 

9. They who leame leatein most have a peloe of that 
qnhilk they have learned before, to say everie momfaig ; 
quhilk being accurately examened, let thair lesson in au- 
thor and grammer, if they be that ikrre advanced, be 
tanght; and what diHlcalty occurs in them let it be point- 
ed out to them. Let the pairts of their lesson quhairof 
they are to be examened be told them, whether belonging 
to etymologic or syntax in the author; and whatever Ii to 
than obecuir in the grammer. 

10. Let them expone their lesson, and conferre of the 
purls thairof among themselves till nyne hours. When 
they enter at 10 hours let the Mr. heir them expone thaIr 
author and grammer. So much of the author as he may 
overtake, let it be examined at the said tyme, and wluit 
he misses then, let him overtake at one, afteinoon ; that 
qnben they ar to give ane account of thair lesson, thair be 
no more to examein hot the grammer. Lot them get a 
theme to tnme into latein everie day betwixt elevin and 
twelve hours befive noone, quhilk also let be a common 
wryllng hour to the whole schoole. Let the theim be ao- 
cnra t eli e examened ather presentlie after the making of it, 
or when they say thair lessons. Let everie day's lesson be 
said beAne they skaill, both play-days and others, that it 
iv^lndge not the momfaig peice. 

11. Because no certane number of lessons can be ap- 
pointed far them who learns Soots to get, it being a thing 
that d^wnds on the tyme of the yelr, the number of schol- 
ters nid thair proAcienoe, in respect quhairof some will 
have more to say at a lesson, and others less, quhilk will 
take up tyme aooordingUe ; thereftwe, in this let the Mr. 
doe all that possible may be. And that thair be no ne- 
glect thairin, let the minister, with the best skilled of the 
gentlemen, everie quarter of the yeir at leist, stand by the 
Mr. in the schoole, till in our presence he have hearkened 
thninch all the children learning Scots; that according to 
the tyme spent thairin quhilk they shall missour with a 
glasae, they may direct the Mr. how many lessons he 
shall give them in the morning, befbra and aftemoone, 
quhilk thair directioun the Mr. shall be bund to ftdfll as if 
heir it were particnUriie expressed. At quhilk tyme also 
the said minister and gentlemen shall take inspection of 
the estate of the schoole, try the childrdns' profldende 
and the Mr.'s diligence and fldelitie in ftilAlling all the 
points of his charge, and shall make report to the Session, 
that the Mr. may be commended and encouraged ; or re- 
buked and admonished, accordingly, as the matter shall 
require. And If it shall be Amd tliat the Mr. ussis ony 
fraud to elude the tryall, as that he caude the children say 
longer lessons that day nor they usse ordinarlie, or ony 
such, that this shall be ane fkult mereting removeal fitun 
his charge. 

12. For the chfldrdn'B better profiting, let those who are 
fiuder advanced fai reeding Scottish, whether print or writ, 
each ot them have the charge of a young scholar who 
Shan dtt besyde them, qnhom they shall mak pofyte of 
Us lesson, against the tyme come he shall be called to say, 
on the n^Ugent pairteis perril. quhilk of the two soever it 

1673 ; that of deaths, in one volume, in 1768 ; 
and that of marriages, also in one volume, in 1823. 
The first of these is, in comparison, tolerably cor- 
rect. But the other two are very incorrect, and 
hopelessly so, until more stringent measures are 
taken to compel the people generally to attend to 
such matters." * 

shall be fhnd to have bdn. And let the eldest schoUer 
themsellb speir at the Mr. quhat words they are ignorant 
of in thair own lesson. It being alwayes provydit that 
the elder schoUer his fhrdering of the younger hinder not 
himself in his learning. 

18. Let a spedall care be had of the childreln's wrytlng 
who ar mdt for It. Let the hour named betwixt 1 1 and 
13 be alotted to that exerdse everie day, and farder to 
those whois spedall ayme that is. Let Uie Mr. make or 
mend thdr pens, rule their paper, cast their coppds, take 
inspectioun partieularlie of every one's wrytlng, point out 
the fluilts ; and leame them be ocular demonstratioun in 
his own practeise before them how to mend. The Mr. 
most lead the hands of young beginners, stand over thair 
hdd for thair directioun ; and be godng throuoh all for 
thair fhrderance. 

14. As the Mr. would be oairftUl and eonsdentious to 
teach his sdioUen good learning, so wold he also leame 
them good manen, how to carrie themselfr faschionablie 
towards alL And for that purpose wold leam them ges- 
tures of coortessic to be nssed towards himself In the 
sdiode, thair parents at home, gentlemen, ddermen and 
others, of honest fkshion abroad. He wdd put in thair 
mouths styles of oompellation sutable to each one's place, 
to whom they spdk; and how to compose thair counten- 
anoe^ eyes, hands, ftet. when ony qwila to them, or they 
to them ; and that they be taacht to abandoun all und- 
vdll gestures, as skarting of hdd, arms, Ifco. 

15. And because many, for lesse the tender youth, ar 
unable to abyde continuall bensdl of learning, let Aem 
have for presordng and sharpening thair ingynes some 
reereatioun on the ordinar dayes, Tnysday, Thursday, and 
Saturday, in the aftemoone, for the space of ane hour In 
the winter, or from October to Februar, and two hours the 
rest of the jdr. Bot let the Mr. de that they play not at 
ony unlawftill or obscene pastime, or such as may ather 
reddiUe deiyie or rent thair deaths, or hurt thair bodies ; 
and let a convenient place be cholsdn neirby the schoole, 
bot not at all the chureh-yaird, nor ony part of it, quhilk 
is ' Dormitorium Sanctorum,' a place for no ordinaiie ce- 
vdll imployment, let be the ludicrous ; it serving for mourn- 
ing rather than for playing and sportfaig, quhilk wdd be 
kdpit honest and separat for the owne usse. 

16. And foiallie, as without discipldn no companle can 
be kdpit in ordour, so leist of all unbridled youth, thair- 
for it shall be necessarie that thair be in the schoole a 
common censour, who shsU remarke all foults, and delate 
them to the Mr., of qnhom account wold be taken once a 
week. And for more perfyte understanding of the chil- 
drehis* behaviour thair wold be a clandestdn censor, of 
quhom none shall know bot the Mr., and he who is employ- 
ed in that office, that may secretlie acquaint the Mr. with 
all things. And according to the qualitie of the ikults the 
Master shall inflict punishment, streddng some on the loaf 
with a birk wand, bdt, or pair of tawse, others on the Ups, 
as thdr fonlts deserve ; bot none at ony tyme, or in ony 
cace, on the held or cheiks. And hdrin espedallie is the 
Mr. to kyth his pmdence In takeing up the sevtfall incli- 
nations of his schollers, and applying himself thairunto 
by lenitie, allurements, o(»nmendatiouns, Ikir words, some 
little rewards, drawing from vyce, and provoking to ver- 
tne such as may be wone thairby ; and others by moder- 
at severitle, if that be fond most convenient for thdr stub- 
bomess. And let the wyse Mr. rather by a grave, austere, 
and authoritative countenance and cariage, represse inso- 
lence, and gaine everie one to thair dewtie then by strocks { 
yet not nogleoting the rod quhair it is needfoll. 

• Statistical Account. 





The Castle of Dundonald looks dark and 
gloomy in the distance, and is not much improved 
by a closer inspection.- Built oti the summit of a 
detached conical eminence of considerable height, 
it must have been a place of great strength prior 
to the introduction of artillery. The building is 
not extensive — ^the area on which it stands being 
circumscribed. It, however, bears miequivocal 
endence of having been one of the most magni- 
ficent strongholds of the age. Besides the mas- 
sive oblong tower — at least three spacious stones 
in height, the remains of the courtyai*d and some 
interior structures still exist. The arch over the 
ground-floor is in good preservation, as well as 
some of the outer walls, particularly the north- 
west, but the stair is almost entirely gone. True 
to histor}' and tradition, the ruins bear ample 
proof of the royalty ascribed to the building — 
the Stewart anus, with the lion of Scotland, ap- 
pearing on various portions of it. 

Boawell, in his " Journal of a Tour to the He- 
brides," states that Dr Johnson, who had the 
c!iriosity to visit the castle, was very *' jocular on 
the homely acconunodation of King Bob^ and 
roared and laughed till the ruins echoed." The 
learned lexicographer, however, might have pre- 
served his gravity, had he reflected on the com- 
parative rudeness of the age, and the fact that it 
was originally a baronial, and at best only a pri- 
vate residence of the monarch. The baronial 
castles of England were not, with few or no ex- 
ceptions, superior in the thirteenth or fourteenth 
centiu^-. It is not known at what time the castle 
was built, or when it became ruinous ; but Chal- 
mers, in his Caledonia^ supposes that it was erect- 
ed by Walter, son of Allan the firet Lord High 
Steward of Scotland who had a gra^t of the land 
from David I., or Malcolm IV. This family pos- 
sessed an extensive portion of Ayrshire — part of 
Kyle being still known as Kyle-Stewart ; and on 
succeeding to the throne in die person of Robert 
II., in 1370, the castle, of course, became an ap- 
pendage to the crown. 

Opposite the Castle of Dundonald is a high 
and precipitous bank, clothed with wood, part of 
which forms the boundary of the Auchans deer 
park, where, not many years ago the spoitive 
fawns might be seen enjo}ing themselves in all 
the wantonness of conscious security. The whole 
herd, however^ have lately been removed to the 
Eglinton policies. Sweeping round the base of 
this pleasant and thickly planted bank, the visiter 
is delighted to find, in a gently sloping curvature, 
the venerable House of Auchans, said to have 
been, *' for a long period, the residence of the 

Wallaces of Dundonald." Of this there can be 
little doubt, it probably having been built on the 
accession of that family to the property, though 
the structure is somewhat modem in appearance. 
This, however, may be accounted for by subse- 
quent additions and improvements. The build- 
ing, in the form of a right angle, has all the fea- 
tures of that half-castle half-mansion-house style 
which obtained in the latter end of the sixteenth 
and during the seventeenth century. One of the 
sides of the angle bears the date 1644 ; but, judg- 
ing from appearances, it seems to have been a 
later erection than the other. As the land passed 
from the Wallaces to the Cochranes in 1640, the 
inference is that this portion of the building was 
the addition of the latter possessors. The house 
has been long in a state of decay, and it is some- 
what surprising that the more recent part of the 
structiu"e has suflered most. The roof is still 
kept entire, and in good repair ; but, internally, 
the hand of time is ruinoasly apparent. Some 
of the apartments in the older division are occu- 
pied by the family in charge of the place. The 
last inhabitant of Auchans of distinction was the 
celebrated Countess of Eglinton, to whom Allan 
Ramsay inscribed his " Gentle JShepherd." On 
the marriage of her son Archibald, the eleventh 
Earl, in 1772, it became the jointure-house of 
her ladyship, where she died in 1780, at the ad- 
vanced age of 91. Here the Countess was visited 
by Dr Johnson and his biographer, after their 
return from the Hebrides, in 177S. Of this in- 
teresting meeting Boswell has recorded the fol- 
lowing particulars :> — " Lady Eglintoune, though 
she was now in her eighty-fifth year, and had 
lived in the retirement of the country for almost 
half a centurj', was still a very agreeable woman. 
She was of the noble house of Kennedy, and had 
all the elevation which the Consciousness of such 
buth inspires. Her figure was majestic, her man- 
ners high bred, her reading extensive, and her 
conversation elegant. She had l)een the admira- 
tion of the gay circles of life, and the patroness 
of poets. Dr Johnson was delighted with his re- 
ception here. Her principles in Church and State 
were congenial with his. She knew all his merit, 
and had heard much of him firom her son. Earl 
Alexander, who loved to cultivate the acquaint- 
ance of men of talent, in every department. . 
. . In the course of our conversation, this 
day, it came out that Lady Eglintoune was mar- 
ried the yeiu* before Dr Johnson was bom ; upon 
which she gi*aciously said to him that she might 
have been his mother, and that she now adopted 
him ; and ijwhen we were going away she em- 
braced him, saying, * My dear son, farewell I' 
My friend was much pleased with this day's en- 



tertatnment, and owned that I had done well to 
foi'ce him out/* 

A vast number of old papers, chiefly connected 
with the Eglinton family, are secured in one of 
the rooms at Auchans. It is unfortunate that 
they were not sooner attended to — ^many of them 
having been destroyed by persons who had no 
idea of their importance. Dr Johnson could not 
here have found occasion to complain of the want 
of timber, as he had done in other parts of Scot- 
land — ^the wood around Auchans being both ex- 
tensive and old. In the orchard, a portion of 
which exists, the pear, known over the country 
as the Auchans pear, was first produced. ^^ Hie 
tree," says the Old Statistical Account of Scot- 
landj " came originally from France, grew to a 
great height, and was not long ago (1798^ blown 
down by a storm." Auchans has long been famed 
as a preserve for game. 

About the beginning of the fourteenth century, 
the family of Fullarton erected and endowed a 
convent of Carmelites on the site now occupied 
by the town of Fullarton. The convent, which 
was dedicated to the Virgin IViary, contiiuiod to 
flourish till the time of the Reformation. The last 
prior, Robert Bum, foreseeing the approaching 
storm, alienated the lands, which went under the 
name of Friar's Croft, to Fullarton of Dreghora. 
No traces of the edifice, or of the ancient mansion- 
house of its founders, which stood close by, are 
now to be found. And the only circumstance 
which gives a decided locality to the building, 
which at one time was disputed, was, tliat when 
the grounds some years ago were feued out for 
building, the foundation of the convent walls was 
discovered on digging, about fifty yards west from 
the old place of Fullarton. Friar*s Croft, in the 
more ancient title-deeds, is described as being 
bounded^on the east side by the road leading to 
St Marjfs Well^ and a ford in the river L*vine, 
adjoining this place, appears frequently in the old 
writs ot Fulhuton by the name of the Friars- 

The ruins of Crosby Chapel, " three- fourths of 
the walls of which still maintain their original 
height, stand close by the south entrance to Ful- 
larton Park, and a mile north-west of the village 
of Monkton. It has been a building of small ex- 
tent, measuring only forty-five feet in length and 
twenty-one in width. The only chiseled work 
that when more entire it presented, were a few 
mouldings, with the usual emblems of mortality, 
rudely carved on a recess in the interior of the 
nortii side-wall, denoting the burial place of the 
ancient frunily of Fulkrton of that Hk. This wall 
has, within the last twenty years, f^illeu down, and 
several of the carved stones have beon employed 

in patching up the remaining ones. The chapel 
was not of old standing, having been built sub- 
sequent to 1681, as a preacliing station for the 
accommodation of the district, after the final re- 
union of the estate of Fullarton with the parish of 
Dundonald. Of the Popish structure wliich the 
chapel succeeded, neither vestige nor tradition has 
been preserved." One of the few monumental 
remains which the churchvai*d contains bears the 
following inscription in characters of bold relief 
round the margin : — ** Heir . lye Corpis of ane 
Honorrabel mim Callit David Hameltovne of Bo- 
thelhavche spovs To Elcsone Sinclar in his T^me 
Quha desist the 14 of Mcrche 1G19."* Some in- 
telligent individuals have been of opinion that it 
was the party thus commemorated who shot the 
Regent Murray. But it is a well ascertained fact, 
that the name of the person was James not David. 

A more ancient relic than either of these still 
exists at Kemplaw, on the Auchans estate. This 
is the remains of a vitrified fort, which occupy a 
considerable eminence in the centre of the ravine 
or pass through the Clavin hills. It seems to 
have been intended to command the pass, though 
so very small that it could not have accommo- 
dated many warriors. That it was a place of 
strength, however, there can be little doubt, for, 
on the west, where there is no natural declivity, 
as on all the other sides, the outline of a fosse is 
distinctly traceable. The wall of the fort itself, 
which is circular, has a hollow passage round, of 
a conical form, and covered over with flags of 
sandstone, through which, when entire, a man 
might have crept on all-fours. Some years ago, 
a piece of iron was discovered in a mass of vitri- 
fied stone. It was about four inches in length, 
and shaped like an ear-ring. Tlie position in 
which it was found indicated that it had been 
accidentally deposited there. Tlie iron, with a 
portion of the mass of stone to wliich it adhcnnl, 
was presented to the Ayr Mechanics* Museum. 

On the heights above the fann of Harpercroft 
are the remains of two circular encampments. 
They are popularly ascribed to the Romans — ^but 
they are more likely, from their shape, to have 
been of British or Danish origin, belonging to the 
Roman period, or constructed during the invasions 
of the latter. " The largest of these," says the Old 
Statistical Account^ ^^ contains, within a circidar 
embankment of loose stones and earth, ten acres 
of ground ; and there is an inner circle of the 
same kind, and from ^ the same centre, which 
encloses one of these acres. The other encamp- 
ment is about two hundred yards distant. Nc 
iutificial work has been raised on its north-east 

• The Chnrcliyani* of Ayrthire. liy William l>ol»ics Ehj. 



quarter, the steepness of the dedivity being a suf- 
ficient defence. But on the south and west, the 

circular embankment is strong, and within is 
platform, not exceeding an acre in extent." 



The most ancient possessors of the soil in this 
parish, next to the ancestors of the royal family, 
who had a gift of Kyle and Strathgrife (now Ren- 
firewshire), are the Fullartons of Fullarton, who 
are supposed to have been of Anglo-Saxon or 
Norman origin, and vassals of the Stewards. 

That part of the barony of Fullarton, whence 
the &mily deagnation is derived, as also doubtless 
their surname, is situated in the immediate vici- 
nity of the town of Irvine, upon the south-west 
ride of the water of that name, and in the bailli- 
wick of Kyle-Stewart, which is here separated 
firom the district of Cuninghame. 

To ancient Fullarton have been added, at differ- 
ent periods, particularly in the reigns qf David H. 
and Robert 11., several extensive and valuable 
properties adjoining to the south and east. The 
family held also, from an early period, lands in 
the island of Arnin ; and which they retained until 
about the close of the sixteenth century — ^but ap- 
pear then to have been alienated to the family of 

In this island also, at a very early period, settled 
a cadet of the family, which is said to have sprung 
from a second son named Leuns; in allusion to 
whom the descendants from tliis branch have al- 
ways been distinguished by the patronjinic of 
MacLetvie^ i. e. son of Lewis. * 

* On the landing of Robert de Brace in Arran, dnr- 
his difloonalate wanderings through the Highlands and Isles, 
this ancient branch of the House of Fullarton attached 
themselves to his interest, and followed his fortunes ; for 
which, on reooyering the throne of his ancestors, he, by -a 
charter dated at Amele Castle (in Cuninghame), in the 
second year of his reign, granted to Fergus Fullarton the 
lands of Kilmichail, *c., with the hereditary office of X>)ro- 
ner of the bailliedom of Arran. [See Notes to the " Lord 
of the Isles.**] 

This fkmily have ever since possessed these lands through 
the direct line of male descent. They have in their pos- 
session an ancient seal of their arms, being the same with 
the bearing of the original fkmily, with a crescent be- 
twixt the ottei's heads for difference; which seems to 
corroborate the fact of their descent tram a second son, 
as related. ^ ^. ^ 

Coeval with the fkmily of Kilmichail, but fh>m a third 
brother, were the Fullartons of the island of Bute, who had 
the patronymic of MacCamie, i.e. son of James, which 
seems to have been the name of their original ancestor. 
They are often called Jameson. 

The particular period, however, when the fa- 
mily of Fullarton first obtained lands and be- 
came resident in Kyle-Stewart, is very uncertain. 
Indeed, but very little progress appears hitherto 
to have been made in bringing to light materials, 
if such really exist, relating to the early history 
of private families. It seems conroborative of the 
tradition, that they came to Scotland along with 
Walter, ancestor of the High Stewards, that, in 
Shropshire, whence Walter is said to have come, 
several families of the name of Fowler* have been 
seated from a very early period. 

Fullarton, or, as in ancient deeds always written, 
" Foulertoun,"t ^ obviously of Saxon etymology, 
and has most likely been derived from office or 
occupation : in corroboration of which, a Galfre- 
dus Foullertotm, whom there is reason to suppose 
was descended of this fiimily, obtained from Ro- 
bert I. a charter of some lands in Angus, together 
with the hereditary office of fowler to the king, in 
that county ; in which ofiice, he and his successors 
were obliged to serve the king^s household with 
unld-fowl when he came to Forfar Castle, where 
this Fowler was to be entertained with a servant 
and two horses, t 

It may be remarked, that the situation of the 
original castle of Fullarton seems also greatly to 
strengthen this supposition, being set down near 
the influx of the Irvine Water into the sea, in the 
immediate neighbourhood of an extensive tract of 
low marshy lands, many hundred acres of which, 
at no distant period, were overflowed promis- 
cuously with the waters of this river and the tides 

From Kilmichail, again, have branched several other 
Ikmilies, amongst whom, we must not omit to mention John 
Fullarton of Overtown, West Kilbride, whose Uterary and 
antiquarian tajtte is well known, and to whom we an 
greatly indebted ibr the very liberal manner in which he 
has tendered us the use of his extensive gleanings for the 
illustration of the present work. 

• The arms of the fkmily of Fowler.'Gloncestersbire, are, 
quarterly, azure and or ; in the first quarter, a hawk's lure 
and line, or. This speaks directly to the name. The armo- 
rial achievements of the fkmily of Fullarton, we conjecture, 
have been assumed as indicative of their teiritory ; the crest 
seems of eastern origin, and probably connected with the 
period of the Crusades. 

t The town, or possession of the Fowler. 

X Kisbet, who states the original charter to be in the 
Karl of Haddington's collection. 



of the ocean. The oeci^tion, therefore, in this 
state, of so large a portion of land, and that, too, 
lying upon tlie very verge of the Firth, whilst the 
adjaoent country was still thickly ooTered with 
natur&l wood, must necessarily have been pecu- 
liarly adapted for the pursuits of the fowler. 

In the early annals of Scottish history', the sports 
of the field were by far the most frequent of the 
royal amusements. The kings, in imitation of 
the Norman sovereigns of England, were always 
the chief hunters ; and in every shire they had a 
castle to accommodate them in these their favourite 
sports. Connected, also, with these establishments 
were the offices of forester ^ falconer^ hunter^ and, 
as clearly appears from the above mentioned char- 
ter, the jfowkr — all which ultimately became here- 
ditary in particular £unilies ; and from which un- 
questionably have been derived respectively their 

So far Robertson: but in strengthening his 
hypothesis he assumes too much. If the Fullar- 
tons were Anglo-Saxon or Norman followers of 
the Stewarts, derived from the Fowlers of Shrop- 
shire, it does not follow that they should hefow- 
lers at Irvine. It seems as probable that they 
had no connection with the Shropshire Fowlers^ 
the patronymic originating simply in the simila- 
rity of office — Whence there might be persons of the 
name of Fowler, Forester^ Falconer y or Hunter in 
various districts of the country, perfectly distinct 
in descent. 

But to come to documentary evidence of the 
family: — 

I. Alanus de FowLERTOiTN lived before the 
naiddle of the thirteenth century, and died about 
the year 1280 ; as may clearly be inferred from 
his 8on*8 charter of the lands of Fullarton, &c., 
by whom he was succeeded, namely — 

n. Adam de Fowlertoun, who received a char- 
ter from James High Steward of Scotland, ^* Ade 
de Fowlertoun militi filio quandam Alani de Fow- 
lertoun, de terra de Fowlertoun in Kyle-senescall, 
infra vie. de Are ; et de terra de Gaylia ; et de 
piscaria de Lrwyne." This charter is undated, yet 
it must have been granted inter 1283 et 1309, the 
period in which James held the office of High 
Steward. It was afterwards renewed in 1371.* 
He was succeeded by — 

ni. Reginald de Fowlertoun of that nk. This 
is distinctly instructed from his (Reginald's) son^s 
charter, who succeeded him, as shall appear after- 
wards. In the family tree, this Reginald is stated 
to have been son of liie preceding Adam ; and this 
is most probably the fact. He had, besides his 
successor, two daughters, Johanna et Elena, who 

« Records of the Great Seal. 

appear in a resignation in favour of their brother, 
Sir Adam Fullarton, in a full court of Kyle, held 
at FouUertoun, the Thursday before the feast of 
St Barnabas, in April 1340. He had probably 
another son called David. David H. grants ^^ aue 
pension to David Foulertoun.*'* He was suc- 
ceeded by his son — 

IV. Sir Adam Foullertoun of that Ilk, who, as 
already alluded to, had a charter by Robert, High 
Steward of Scotland, dated at Irvine, April 13, 
1344, t wherein he is expressly design^, ^^ son to 
Reginald Fowlertoun of that Dk,'* of the huids of 
Fowlertoun, and Gaylis in Kyle-Stewart, with the 
hail fishings from the Trune to the water mouth 
of Irvine, and thence up the water (of Irvine) as 
far as the lands of Fowlertoun go ; and also an 
annual rent of four merks and an half out of the 
lands of Shewaltoun. This charter bears, that 
Jean, Elen, and Marion, sisters of the said Regi- 
nald, had fireely resigned all right they had in said 
lands, fishings, and annual rent ; and the reddendo 
is a pair of white gloves at Whitsunday, and three 
suits of court at the Steward^s Court of Kyle, in 
place of all other services. 

There are still remaining, in possession of the 
family, many other documents in which Sir Adam^s 
name appears ; and, as stated by Nisbet^ ^^ he is 
frequently to be met with, as a witness, in the 
charters of Eang Robert H., designed, * Dominus 
Adamus de Foullertoun dominus de Oorsbie,' upon 
account that he had a charter of these last men- 
tioned lands from that king/* The charter here 
alluded to was not discovered by Robertson ; yet, 
as Crosbie does not appear in the writs of Fullar- 
ton before this time, it is very probable that the 
hct is as stated by Nisbet. t 

Sir Adam doubtless, along with the High Stew- 
ard, accompanied the army under David U. into 
England in 1346. Bowjnaker relates, that before 
the Scottish army passed the English border. King 
David created several knights. He says, *^ De 
tyronibus suis quinque numero ibi militari dnxit 
gladio, viz. Stuart, Eglintoun, Craigie, Boyde, 
and Foullertoun." And being present at the dis- 
astrous battle of Durham, which immediately en- 
sued, viz. on the 17th of the same month. Sir 
Adam Fullarton, along with King Da^id, was there 
taken prisoner. * On David^s release, October 3, 

* Robertson's Index. 

t Fnllarion Charter-Chest. 

X The manor of Crosby was a port of the extensive pro- 
perty which was acquired by Walter, the first Stewart, in 
Kyle. This manor was held, under the Stewarts, by Ful. 
lerton of Crosby, in the fourteenth coituiy, and perhaps 
during an earlier age. — * Caledonia,' vol. iii. p. 506. 

There Is a paper in a roll of Robert I., entitled, *• The 
Laird of Crosbie, his Ibrm of holding of his lands of Cros- 
bie. — * Robertson's Index.' 

« Abercromby's Martial Achievements. 



1357, the eldest son and heir of Sir Adam Fuller- 
ton was one of twenty hostages left in England, 
until payment of the king^s ransom. It is there- 
fore probable that Sir Adam returned home at 
this time, if not sooner. 

His wife was Marjorie, a lady of the Stewart 
&mily, as Robertson supposes, fi*om a charter 
she obtained of an annual rent out of the lands 
of Troon, granted by King Robert II. whilst he 
was High Steward — " Marjorie Foullertoun di- 
lectsB consanguince nostra."* This charter Robert 
ailerwards,'on his coming to the throne, confirmed 
at Irvine, December 7, 1371. Her name occurs in 
a charter of confirmation by Robert II., dated 
*^ Doundonnald, 4 Decemb. a. y. i.," ^^ donationis 
quam Matheus de Crake fecit Ade de Foulertoun, 
militi, et Marjorie, spouse ejus, de duabus Marcis 
Sterlingorum annul redditus debiti ex Malendino 
de Crosby,*^ &c. She is also named in her grand- 
son^s indenture with the Carmelite Friars, 1399. 

By this lady he had two sons, whom we find 
mentioned in the writs of the family : 1. John, 
who predeceased his father; 2. David, who ob- 
tained a charter, from Sir Hugh £glintoun of that 
Bk, of the lands of Laithis, f upon the resignation 
of Thomas Laithis of that Ilk, to be holden blanch 
for payment of a penny silver at Whitsunday, at 
the Crag of Robertoun. 

In 1392, Sir Adam Fullarton made a mortifica- 
tion out of his lordship of Cos'sbie to the Abbot 
and Convent of Paisley, *^ for the health of his 
soul, and the souls of his ancestors ;" and, on his 
death, about the year 1399, t was succeeded by 
his grandson, his son — 

V. John FouUerton, younger of Foullerton, hav- 
ing predeceased his father. As already noticed, 
he was one of the twenty hostages agreed upon, 
by treaty, 1357, to be left in England until pay- 
ment of the king*8 ransom. The particular time, 
however, of his release out of England seems un- 
certain. Many of those first left were afterwards 
exchanged for others who went in their stead ; 
and not a few died in confinement. 

He received a charter from John, High Steward 
of Scotland, ^^de terris de Laithis, oriental! et 
oocidentali : et de terris de Harperland, cum per- 
tinan ; in Baronia de Kyle-Senescali, infra vie. 
de Are." Which charter was afterwards confirmed 
at Scoon, March 5, 1373, by King Robert H., 
father to the grantcr. 

* This ooQjectore is higtalj probable, more especially as 
the charter was granted while he was High Steward ; but 
it was usual for the king, in his charters, to stjle persons 
in the rank of baron " cousin.** 

t Allan, first Lord Cathcart, had a transaction with Dal- 
rymple of Laith, 1478. — Peer. vol. i. p. 840. 

t Thomas Foullartovm had a charter of " Ane twentie 
pund land in the earldom of Carrik," fVx)in David II. This 
Thomas was possibly a brother of Sir Adam. 

It does not appear who he married ; but he left 
a son — 

yi. Reginald Foullertoun of that Ilk^ who suc- 
ceeded to the family estates, about the year 1399, 
on the death of his grandfather. Sir Adam. This 
is shown by an indenture, dated at Irvine, August 
24, that year, entered into betwixt Reginald Foul- 
lertoun of that Hk, heir to Sir Adam Foullertoun 
of that ilk, his guid sire, on the one part, and the 
Provincial and the Brethren of the Convent of 
the Carmelite Friars, near Irvine, on the other. 
By which contract the said Reginald obliged him- 
self to pay to the Prior and Brethren of said Con- 
vent 40 merks sterling, for meliorating and up- 
holding the houses of said Couvent, and for also 
repairing the principal Kirk and Cloyster, with the 
knowledge and consent of the said Reginald ; whilst 
the said Prior and Brethren oblige themselves, on 
the other part, in all time coming, to pray weekly 
upon die Lord's-day, or any o^er feast day, in 
the beginning of a mass, at the Great Altar, with 
an audible voice, for the souls of the said Sir Adam 
and Marjorie, his wife, and especially for the said 
Reginald and Elizabeth his wife, their heirs and 
successors ; and for the souls of all the faithful 

The next, after Reginald, in chronological order, 
mentioned in the writs of the family, is styled — 

VII. Rankine of Foullertoun, Lord of that Ilk. 
He is found so designated in another indenture, or 
more properly a decreet, with said Convent, pro- 
nounced by the Provincial of the .order of the 
Carmelite, or White Friars of Scotland, given at 
Invyne, June 28, 1412, in which the &mily of 
Fullarton are declared to have heen founders and 
patrones of this monastery. * 

* Copy of an Indenture, or Decreet, betwixt 
" Rankin of Fotdlerton, Laird of that Ilk^^* 
and the Provincial and Convent of the White 
Friars near Irvine, June 2Sth 1412. 
" Thir Tndentnrs made at Irvyne the zxvijj day of the 
moneth of JuniJ, the zher of our Lord a thousand fbnr 
Hondyr and twelve, bet. AVer William Coker, than beande 
Provincial of the quite ttren of Scotland, beand at Irrwyn 
on the ta part, and a worshipftd Lord liankyn of ffowler> 
toun, Lorde of that \\k on the tother port. In maner, forme, 
and in Effect as after followse ; that is to saf it is cum till 
our ens that thar has beno syndry tymes great debaitt 
and stryfe betwixt the sd. worHhiidTul Lord and our fPren 
dwcllande In the sd. house of Irrwyne, sume for willfhU- 
nesse, and same for defaute of knawlage as to the right of 
patronage of the sd. house of Irwyu, flbr the forsaid Lorde 
olcmys that he sulde be patron, and the fPren has sayd 
nay, Ifor the qwilke debate the house and the personla 
tharin dwellande have syndiy tymis sufferit disese and 
skaithe, the said Lorde cumand till us and requirand to se 
qwither he aucht to be patrone of the iMud place or nouoht, 
we the hale chapter sittand apon this cause we haf fondyn 
the forbean of the said Raukyne beand Ifoundours and p*- 
tronis till our house of Irwyn. Qwharfor we haf gefyn 
decrete, and grantis, and be this present Indentur confirmys 
the said Rankyne of fibwlertoun the foundourship of the 
said place of Irwyn« and all his airs lauchlVilly succedande 
eftir him, we forbiddande till ony Aer or frerie that now is 



He was twice married : first to Elizabeth, men- 
tioned in the indenture 1399, by whom he had a 
son, George, his successor, (of whom immediately.) 
His second wife was Marion, daughter of Wallace 
of Craigie, by which lady he had two sons, Wil- 
liam and Adam ; all of which is established 
from a charter, dated at Perth, July 20, 1428, by 
King James I., of the lands of Drigam^ &c. in 
Kyle Stewart, to Rankin Foullertoun of Crosby, 
and Marion Wallace his spouse, and after their 
decease to William Foullertoun their son, and the 
heirs of his body ; which fuhdeing, to Adam Foul- 
lertoun, brother-german to the said William, and 
his heirs in like manner. This charter proceeds 
on the resignation of said Rankin ; — and in terms 
of which, and a subsequent ratification thereof, to 
be immediately fiu-ther noticed, William, the elder 
of Marion Wallace's two son's, succeeded to the 
lands of Drigam (Dregborn), &c., and was the 
first of that ancient and very respectable branch 
of the family of Fullarton. * 

This laird of Fullarton predeceased his lady 
soon afler the above settlement, and was succeed- 
ed by his son, of the first marriage, — 

VIII. George Foullertoun of that Ilk, who, 
however, was most frequently designed ^* Laird 
of Corsby.*' He granted the charter of ratifica- 
tion, &c. above alluded to — dated at Ayr, Jan- 
uary 19, 1480, by which he ratifies and confirms 
*^ the resignation some time made by his dearest 

or sail be in ony tyme to cum, under all payne that than 
may fall into the religion, that nane presume to impugne 
oar decrete gefyne upon this mater; and gif ony prcsurays 
to say ony thing in the contrary that is before sayd, aa 
God forbede that they sail, the forsaid Lorde or his ayrs, 
quhatsa thai be, for the tyme, sal abide the Provincials 
comying, and eal pleinzhe til him quhatsa he be for the 
tyme, and he sal punys that frer or ftvris with help of the 
patron, gyf myster be as the cause requyres. Item, the 
said Rankyn is oblist till us that he and his airs sal sup- 
pwet the idace, and the fVeris tharin dwellande, as patronys 
in thair richtwis cause efler thair power in all tyme to 
come, na he na his ayrs sal nocht annoye nor disese the 
place thronch na tityl of patronage but as it is grantit til 
him and ^am in this indenture, that is to say that what 
time the said Rankyn or his ayrs askye lefb at the priour 
of the house to entre in the place that than the priour sail 

na supprydon to the place or to the per- 

•oois, and gif ony supprydon be done in dede be him or 
his ayrs, he or his ayrs «Q amende it as sic dede asks, or 
Ellis he or thai qwhatsumever thai be for the tyme sal 
renurre oute of the ^ place within xiiij dayis qwil it be 
amendlt. In witness of the quilk thing to thir present 
Indenturs to the pt. remaynande with the said Lorde, the 
oomon sele of the hale prorince, and with the sele of the 
provindal dflkoe, ar to put, and to the pt. remaynande wt. 
the said Convent, the Ibrsaid Lord his eele is to put, the 
day, Uie moneth, and zher beforBaide." 

* There is some reason for suspecting that Reginald and 
Kankin, Xo. YI. and No. VII., may be one and the same 
penon. It is so far certain, at least, that in some legal 
writs respecting both, the names are Latinized alike — 
RannlphuB de Fonllerton ; but, as in the annals of the far 
mlly, they are held to be two distinct persons ; an adher- 
ence is here had to that arrangement. 

fiidir, Rankin of Foullertoun, Laird of Corsby,*' 
of the lands of Dregim, Newyall and Laithis; 
and Gayn Gifin, made by the King to his said 
dearest father, and till Marion Wallace his spouse ; 
and after their decease, to William and Adam, 
their sons \ and obliges himself and his heirs that 
he sail never raise mote, pleade claim, nae ques- 
tion to the said Marion, William, and Adam, nae 
to nane of their heirs belongand to the said lands 
of Dregim, &c. And gif it happens him to fail- 
zie, as God forbid, he binds himself, his heirs, &c. 
to pay to the King of Scots 100 pund Scots ; to 
St Mungo^s work in Glasgow 100 pund do, and 
200 pund to the said Marion, William and 

In 1439 he granted, out of the lands of Foul- 
lertoun and Shewalton, ten marks sterling, and 
five marks out of the ground of the Temples of 
Wester Templetoun, &c. to the Carmelite Friars 
near Irvine : — expressed thus in the sasine : " Le- 
vand. Deo et be*te Mariae, Priori et Fratribus 
Conventus Fratrum ordinis Carmelitorum de 
Irwine:" the said Prior and Convent • paying 
yearly out of the said Temples, to St John and 
his ministers, the annual rent vsit and wont due 
to them therefrom ; and, by another instrument, 
of the same date, he relieved the Convent of 
said annual rent, which was 10 shillings 10 pen- 

He obtained a charter, under the Great Seal, 
by King James HI. in favour of himself; fail- 
ing heirs male of his body, to William Foul- 
lertoun his brother ; of the lands of Fowlertoim, 
Marrass, Shewaltoun, Harperland, and Wester 
Laithis; also Crosbie, Trune, Craikisland, and 
Russelsland; all lying within the Bailliarie of 
Kyle, and SherifiUom of Are: as also of the 
lands of Knightsland, lying in the Isle of Arran 
— all proceeding on his own resignation, dated at 
Edinburgh, October 24, 1464. 

It does not appear who this Fullarton married; 
but he had two sons: the elder, Paul, was con- 
tracted to marry a daughter of the laird of Craigie, 
as appears from, a back-bond, granted by Adam 
Wallace of Craigie, to " ane Nobleman, George 
of Foullertoun, Laird of Corsbie," which proceeds 
upon a narrative that there was a marriage ap- 
pointed betwixt "" Paul of Foullertoun, son and 
appearand heir of the said George, and Janet, 
daughter of the said Adam, conform to indentures 
entered into by the said Adam and George." 

In contemplation of which marriage the said 
Adam Wallace gave to Fullarton the siun of nine 
score marks of tocher ; and in security therefor, 

* There is a similar agreement and obligation in ** The 
Memoric of the SomenriUe's," vol. i. p. 269. 



until peifonnance of said indentures, Craigie re- 
ceived an heritable conveyance of the lands of 
*^ Harperland, Marrass, and Gaylis.^' This bond, 
which contains various other items agreed upon, 
is dated at Irwyne, May 13, 1464, It may be 
remarked here, that, from the tenure of the last- 
mentioned charter of settlement, and from its 
being dated in the month of October inmiediately 
following this contract, it appears not improbable 
that the young laird of FuUarton had been pre- i 
maturely cut off in the interim, and before con- 
summation of his marriage; as, not long after 
this, on the death of his father, the representa- 
tion of the family devolved upon the second son, 

IX. John FouUarton of that Ilk, who is men- 
tioned in a sasine, given by Sir William Wallace 
of Craigie, BaiUie of Kyle-Stewart, proceeding 
on his retour as heir to his said father, of the 
lands of Foullartoun, Tnme, &c., dated May 26, 

There is also amongst the family writs a letter 
of reversion, dated at FuUarton, 28th April, 
1493, granted by Jsmas Esdaill, burgess of Ir- 
vine, whereby he obliges himself to *^ a right 
worshipful man, John of FouUarton, Laird of 
that Ilk, and Corsbie," to resign in his &vour the 
half of the lands of Marrass, upon the payment 
of three score marks Scots. There is also ano- 
ther letter of this nature betwixt FuUarton and 
Lambart Wallace of Shewalton, of same date. 
And the last time he appears in said writs is in a 
remission of all debts and fynes which he could 
require from Ninian Bawnatyne of Eaimes, under 
the hand of Andrew Mackcormy, Nottar FubUck 
—dated May 9, 1494. 

Who he married does not appear; but he died 
in the latter end of the year 1494, and was suc- 
ceeded by his son, 

X. John FouUartoun of that Bk, who was 
served heir to his &,ther, in the whole lands of 
FuUarton, Corsbie, &c., Nov. 10, 1494; but 
which he enjoyed only four years, as appears by 
his son^s retour. He married a daughter of Cun- 
inghame of Caprington,* and lefi a son, who 
succeeded him, viz. 

XI. John FouUarton of that Bk, whose ser- 
vice and retour, as heir to his father, in the estates 
of FuUarton, passed November 10, 1507 — ^at 
which time the lands are stated to have been, nine 
years in nonentry. 

He granted a charter of the lands of Wester 
Lathis to Gavin FouUarton , (probably brother 
to his father)! and Elison Dalryrmple his spouse. 

• Genealogical paper relating to the Fullartons of Dud- 

t He was of the family of Dreghora. 

August 4, 1514. In this charter he is designed 
" of that nk," and " Laird of Corsbie." 

His wife was Katherine MaxweU, daughter to 
umqU. John MaxweU of Nether FoUock ; which 
is evidenced by a liferent charter granted in her 
favour at the time of their marriage, June 10, 
1515. On his death, in 1528, he was succeeded 
by his son, 

Xn. John Foullartoun of that Sk, who, when 
his father died, was only about eleven years of 
age ; as seems probable from a sasine, under the 
hands of George Abemethie, N.P., in his favour 
of the nine mark lands of Dunrudyer, in the Isle 
of Arran and shire of Bute,* proceeding upon a 
retour as heir to his father, and which bears that 
these lands had been in non-entry for the space of 
ten years from the date thereof. May 8, 1538. 

He married, about the year 1548, Eathrine, 
daughter to David Blair of Adamtonn, (omitted in 
Robertson^s account of that family,) as is shown by 
a liferent sasine, amongst the FuUarton writs, in 
favour of said Kathrine Blair, *^ spouse to John 
FouUarton of Crosbie," of the lands of FuUarton 
(proper) and Marrass, dated April 5, 1543. On 
17th December, 1545, he alienated the lands of 
Shewalton, which are described as lying in dominio 
de Fullartoun, to Edward Wallace, f 

He acquired. May 10, 1546, the non-entry 
duties, of the estates of FuUarton, &c., in Kyle, 
from David Blair of Adamton, who acquired right 
thereto from William HamUton of Sanquhar, 
which last had them by the gift of King James Y . 
Moreover, he obtained a charter, under the Great 
Seal, by Mary, Queen of Scots, dated Edinburgh, 
May 2, 1548, in fiivour of himself in liferent, and 
David FuUarton, his son in fee, of the lands of 
FuUarton, Marrass, and Craylis ; and of the lands 
of Corsbie, Craiksland, SandhiU, and nine acres 
of land, with the patronage of the kirk of Corsbie, 
proceeding upon his own resignation. 

On December 10, 1562, he granted to his son 
and apparent heir a charter of the mark land of 
Troon ; and, October 31, 1564, he granted a com- 
mission, with consent of Kathrine Blair, his spouse, 
to his said son, to redeem certain lands from the 
persons therein named. He also, with consent of 
his eldest son, David (February 8, 1566), alien- 
ated, to John WaUace of Dundonald, and Edward 
Wallace of Shewalton, the lands of Marrass, to- 

* The name Dunrndyvr seems to be a eorraption of the 
Gaelic ' Tonroider,' signifying Knightsland, and hy which 
latter denomination they are actually so expressed in a 
charter by James III., 1484. Three of the witnesses to 
this sasine are Robertas Jamison, Coronator de Bnte, Bo- 
bertus Jamison de Makynodc, and Nigello ICCamie. (See 
remarks on this patronymic, page 12.) 

t Excerpts ftom the MS. book in the PubUo Beconls. 
entitled, ** Bepertorinm Omnis Teme.** 



gether with the fishing ia the water mouth of 
Innne, up to the bridge on both aides of the river, 
within the sea flood.* He was succeeded by his 

Xm. Dayid Fullarton of that Hk. He was 
twice married; first, to Christian, daughter of 
James Hamilton of BotheUhaugh, and sister to 
Darid Hamilton, afterwards of the same place, 
bj which lady he had three sons. 1. James, who 
succeeded him. 2. David ; and 8. Robert, from 
whom it is supposed descended the first series of 
the FuHartons of Bartonholm. His second lady 
was Jean Lockhart, sister to Alexander Lockhart 
of Boghall, and relict of George Hamilton of 
Bogwood ; but whether of this marriage he had 
any issue does not appear, f He granted a charter 
in favour of this last lady, of the lands of St Med- 
dens and Craikslanda, which was afWwards con- 
firmed by King James YI. apud Halyrudehouse, 
November 4, 1600. Further, he granted a pro- 
curatory of resignation, in implement of a con- 
tract of marriage past betwixt James Fullarton, 
bis son, on the one part, and John Fullarton of 
Dregfaoni, Jean Mure, Lady Dreghom, his mo- 
ther, and Agnes Fullarton, her daughter, on the 
other part, for rengmng the whole lands of Ful- 
larton, Corsbie, &e., together with the mills of 
CoTsbie and Fullarton; as also, the advocation 
and patronage of the kurk of Corsbie; in his Ma- 
jesty^s hands, in favour and for new infeftment to 
the said James Fullarton, his son, dated Septem- 
ber 22, 1593. He was succeeded by his eldest 

XIV. James Fullarton of that Dk, who was 
retoured heir to his father in the barony of Ful- 
larton, &c., by a precept, granted by Henry, 
Prince of Great Britain, and Steward of Scotland, 
dated May 2, 1605, and followed by sasine ac- 

As already mentioned, he married Agnes, 
daughter of John Fullarton of Dreghom, t by 
Jean Mure, daughter of Mungo Mure of Row- 
aUan, by whom he had three sons and one daugh- 
ter: 1. James, who succeeded him; 2. John, 
who was bred to a military life, and served sever- 
al yean in Grermany ;* after which, in 1639, he 
went to France, as lieut. -colonel to the Hon. 

• MS. book in the Public Bcoords. entitled, ** Sepertoium 
Om. Ter." 

t Thi« lady afterwards married George Schaw of Glen- 
midr. In the list of debtora to ** 'William Bronne, mer- 
ehand bni^gee of Air," who died in 1 6 1 3, she is styled ** Jeane 
LodEhert, Lady Corsbie, spoos to George Schaw of Glen- 
muir." — Glab. Com. Rec. 

t ** James Fnllertoon of that Hk, and Nans FuUertonn 
his spoos,** oocor in the testament of Issobell Colvill in 
Crai^e-Sjrmonntoon. Feb. 1622. — Ibid. 

* He appears to have accompanied the first Duke of 
Hamilton in aid of the King of Sweden, in 1631. 


Alex. Erskine, brother to the Earl of Mar. In 
1640, Louis XTTT. adTanced him to the rank of 
colonel in the French army. He acquired the 
estate of Dudwick, in the county of Aberdeen ; 
was married, and left a family, who succeeded 
him in the estate.* The third son, WiUiam, was 
the first of the FuHartons of CraSghall, in the 
shire of Ayr, but latterly of Carstairs, in Lan> 
arkshire.f The daughter, Helen, was married to 
James Blair of Ladykirk, in Ayrshire. He was 
succeeded by his son, 

XY. James Fullarton of that Ilk, who mar- 
ried Barbara, eldest surviTing daughter of John 
Cuninghame of Cuninghamehead; all which ap- 
pears from a charter (amongst the Fullarton 
writs) granted by James Fullarton of that Bk, 
and Agnes Fullarton his spouse, of the ten pound 
land of Corsbie-Banatync, and the twenty shil- 
ling land of Troon, in fiiTour of James Fullarton, 
their eldest son, and Barbara Cuninghame, sister 
of William Cuninghame of CuninghameheAd, 
and longest liver of them, &c., dated Kov. 2, 
1624. There is also another charter, of the same 
date and tenor, of these lands, by the same 
granters, to their said son and his spouse, but to 
be holden of the Prince, whereas the former was 
to be held of the granters. 

Moreoyer he obtained a charter, under the 
Great Seal, by King Charles I., as father, tutor, 
&c. to Charles, Prince and Steward of Scotland, 
in favour of himself and Barbara Cuninghame, 
his spouse, proceeding upon his father and mo- 
therms resignation, of the same lands mentioned 
in the two preceding charters. This is dated at 
Edinburgh, August 1, 1684, in the end of which 
year, or beginning of the following, his father 
died, as may be inferred from the two sasines, 
March 26, 1636. 

On November 20, 1634, he received a commis- 

• This f)unil7 appears to hare followed the ]irofes8ion of 
anns ; were higlily respectable, and existed mitil the be- 
ginning of the present centmy. The last was General 
John Fullarton of Dudwick, a brave and gallant officer, 
who greatly distinguished himself in the Prussian and 
Russian service, in the latter of which he was promoted 
to the above rank. A gentleman who was acquainted 
with this distinguished veteran writes — ** He was spoken 
of as having been a very brave officer, bat of somewhat 
peculiar character and habits, acquired in foreign service, 
and latterly from advancing age ; went little fit>m home, 
or had little intercourse with the neighbouring proprietors 
— ^unless at pubUc meetings, which he attended pretty re- 
gularly, in an old fashioned carriage, and accompanied by 
one or two Russian servants. He was a most respectable, 
and much esteemed country gentleman — was never mar- 
ried, so far as I have heard, and left no family. He was 
succeeded in his property of Dudwick by the family of 
ITdny of Udny, in the same county, supposed to have been 
relatives, or connected with him. 

t There appears to have been a fourth son. Mr Robert 
Fullartoun, son lawfhll to James FuUartoun of that Ilk, 
is witness to a testament, Jan. 31, 1 682. — Glas. Com. Rec. 



fiion, under the Great Seal, from King Charles I., 
appointing him Bailie of the Bailiery of Kyle- 
Stewart. How long this office remained in the 
family does not appear. It was successively held 
by the families of Glencaim, Craigie, and Lou- 

This FuUarton of Corsbie was one of the two 
commissioners for the shire of A>t in the Scots 
Parliament, anno 1643. Li 1645, Feb. 20, an 
act was pfist, appointing the Laird of Crosbie 
head sheriff of A\t, " in respect that shyre had 
wanted a sheriff the 4 yeires bypast."* 

Tlie Laird of Coi-sbie and others disclaimed 
the Remonsti*ance in June 1651.t The family, 
however, seem to have afterwards taken part -with 
the Presbyterians, for, by the act of oblivion, 
September 9, 1662, FuUarton of Corsbie was 
fined in £2,000 Scots. 

By his lady, Barbara Cuninghanie, he had 
three sons and three daughters: 1. William, of 
whom afterwards ; 2. James, who predeceased his 
father unmarried ; 3. George, who succeeded to 
the estate of Dreghom by a special destination, 
and ultimately succeeded his elder brother in 
FuUarton. The daughters were: 1. Elizabeth, 
who was married, June 20, 1649, to Robert Wal- 
lace of Caimhill; 2. Mary, who was married, 
March 30, 1664, to Robert Alexander of Corse- 
clays, and had two daughters: (1. Barbara, who, 
on the 27th Jan. 1682, was married to Andrew 
Brown of Knockmarloch ; and 2. Beatrice, who, 
on Mardi 21, 1686, was married to a Mr Robert 
Wallace); 8. Barbara, who, on November 22, 
1662, was married to Patrick Macdowal of Freugh, 
in the county of Wigton, to whom she had issue, 
Patrick, next representative of the ancient family ; 
and whose son, or grandson, succeeded to the 
estates and honours of the family of Dumfries. 

He died in 1667, and was succeeded by his 
eldest son, 

XVI. William FuUarton of that Ilk, who, in 
the retour of his service, dated September 26 of 
said year, is styled " Magister AVillielmus Ful- 
lartoune de eodem, hasres Jacobi Fullertoune do 
codcm, patris:" — and it is observable that in al- 
most all writs wherein he appears he is uniformly 
so styled; which circumstance very probably 
arises from his having studied the profession of 
the law. A rigid adherence to distinctions of 
this nature was peculiar to those times. 

On July 30, 1 G83, he and his brother, George 
FuUarton of Dreghom, were, on suspicion of 
being concerned in the affair of Bothwell-Bridge, 
committed to prison ; and on the 2d of April fol- 

* Balfour's Annals, 
t Do. 

lowing were indicted for trial; but the diet, it 
seems, was afterwards deserted simpliciter. On 
this occasion, amongst other offences, they were 
charged with " harbouring and countenancing^' 
their brother-in-law, Macdowall of Freugh. This 
gentleman, as is well known, waa amongst the 
most forward and zealous supporters of the Re- 
formed Church. 

He received a charter, under the Great Seal, 
by King William III., of the whole lands con- 
tained in his retour as heir to his father; and 
fluther, the five pound land of Aldtoun, contain- 
ing the little isle, opposite to the lands of Corsbie, 
called the Lady-isle; and containing a new erec- 
tion of the hail lands and others'^ into a barony, 
to be called, in all time coming, the " Barony of 
Fullarton." This charter is dated " Edinburgh, 
December 9, 1698, et anno Kegni nostri unde- 

And again he obtained another charter, under 
the Great Seal, dated at Windsor Castle, August 
6, 1707, by Queen Anne, erecting anew the whole 
lands, &c. contained in the former, called and to 
be called, the Barony of Fullarton ; and further, 
constituting the port of Troon a fr«e sea-port 
and harbour, with power to lift anchorage and 
other customs. This charter also contains an 
erection of the town of Fullarton into a burgh 
of barony, with two annual fiiirs, the one to be 
held on the third Wednesday of July O. S., and 
the other on the first Thursday of November, 
also old style ; likewise a weekly market on the 
Wednesdays; and fiirther, with all the powers 
and privileges of any free burgh of barony within 
the realm. 

He was thrice married: first, to Elizabeth, 
daughter of Mr William Wallace of Elintoun, 
advocate, with whom he received 9000 marks 
tocher; and at the time of his marriage, July 29, 
1662, hi* father resigned to hhn the following 
parts of his estate, viz. the lands of Fullarton 
(proper), Gaills, Harpcrland, St Meddens, Wil- 
lockstoun, that portion of land called the Sealand, 
Ronhill, and Brownlie, all to be holden of the 
grantor. By this lady he had a daughter, Eu- 
pham, who was, in 1682, married to Sir William 
Wallace of Craigie, to whom she brought a mar- 
riage portion of £20,000 Scots, but had no sur- 
viving issue. 

In 1669, he was contracted matrimonially, as 
appears by a document amongst the famity writs, 
with Lady Elizabeth Cuninghame, sister to the 
Ejirl of Glencairn, and widow of William Ha- 
milton of Orbistoun; but before the marriage 
could be solenmized, Lady Elizabeth was sudden- 
ly taken ill, and dic«l. 

He married secondly, July 9, 1670, iVnne, 



daughter of John Brisbano, younger, of Bishop- 
touu, by Dame Maiy Mure, daughter of Sir 
William Mure of Bowallan, and relict of Walter, 
third Lord Blaiityre, but by this marriage he had 
no surviving issue. lie married lastly, April 17, 
1707, Margaret, eldest daughter of Alexander 
Dunlop of Dunlop, but without issue. This lady 
survived him, and was afterwards married to Sir 
Robert Denholm of West Shiels, Bart. 

He died in 1710, leaving no surviving descen- 
dant — the paternal inheritance and representa- 
tion of the family of Fullarton devolved upon 
his next surviving brother-german, 

XYU. George FuUarton of that Bk. He was 
concerned in the Bothwell-brig insurrection. As 
will be remembered, this gentleman had succeed- 
ed to the estate of Dreghom; which propei*ty, 
on his coming to the fiunily estates, he alienated. 
His retour of Fullarton is dated May 9, 1710. 
About the year 1670, he married Elizabeth, 
daughter of James Gray of Warristoun, in the 
shire of Mid-Lothian, by whom bo had three 
sons and a daughter, as follows: 

XVUI. 1. Patrick Fullarton, younger, of Ful- 
larton — ^bom in 1677; he received a judicial edu- 
tion, and afterwards practised at the Scottish 
Bar. He married Elizabeth, daughter, of Cle- 
land of that Bk, in the county of Lanark, (who 
survived him, and married A. Craufiird of Fer- 
gushill) by whom he had two sons and two 
danghters: 1. William, who succeeded his grand- 
father in FuUarton; 2. Patrick, who, in 1738, 
purchased the lands of Goldring, now called 
Boscmount. He married Miss Harper, by whom 
he had two sons, W^iUiani and John, and one 
daughter. William, the eldest, added consider- 
ably to his paternal property, by purchase ; and, 
with good taste and liberal management, im- 
proved and left it one of the best cultivated and 
most beautiful; places in A^Tshire. He married 
Annabella, third daughter of Ronald Craufurd 
of Restahig, W. S. He died m 1805. John 
was an officer in the Hon. East India Company^s 
service, and died in India in 1804. The daugh- 
ters were: 1. Anne, married, April 4, 1723, to 
Robert Wallace of Sauchrie, to whom she had 
issue; 2. Margaret, died unmarried. 

2. Robert, from whom is descended the pre- 
sent family of Fullarton, of whom hereafter. 

3. George, died young. 

The daughter, Clarion, was married, in 1711, 
to James Cuninghame of Auchenharvie; from 
whom is descended the present family of Auchen- 

Patrick, the younger, predeceased his father in 
1709, so that the latter, upon his death, was suc- 
ceeded, as before stated, by his grandson. 

XIX. WiUiam Fullarton of Fullarton. By 
a dLiposition and tailzie, dated May 17, 1710, his 
grandfather resigned to him the whole lands and 
barony of Fullarton ; and failing him, to and in 
favour of his brother-german, Patrick [Rose- 
mount] ; whom also failing, to Robert Fullarton, 
W. S., second son of the said Greorge Fullarton 
the granter. This deed was aflerwanls con- 
firmed by a charter, dated at Edinburgh, July 26, 
1711, under the Great Seal, by Queen Amie. 
Tliis gentleman devoted much time to the study 
of agriculture and rural science, and greatly im- 
proved tuid embellished the paternal estate. In 
1745 he built the present house of Fullarton, in 
which, and its accompaniments, he showed a just 
taste, by the simplicity and unity of the design. 
Gardening and botany he also cultivated with 
much assiduity and success — ^particularly the lat- 
ter, of which he was a devoted admirer. In 
May, 1 751, he married Barbara, fourth daughter 
of William Blair of Blair, by whom he had an 
only son, his successor, 

XX. Colonel William FuUarton of FuUar- 
ton, who was born January 12, 1754 ; and in the 
yeiir 1759 was served and retoured heir to his 
father in the barony of Fullarton. He thus suc- 
ceeded to his property when a child of little more 
than five years of age. He received his acade- 
mical education at Edinburgh, and in his sixteenth 
year was placed under the government of Pa- 
trick Br>'done, Esq., a gentleman of eminent liter- 
ary attainments. With Mr Br}'done he travel- 
led on the Continent, and also accompanied him 
while he made the celebrated Tour in Sicily and 
Malta, in 1770. Of the early indications of young 
Fullarton^s mind, which afterwards so greatly 
distinguished him, Mr Biydone, as he was pre- 
paring to proceed to these unfrequented islands, 
thus observes : — ^^ Fullarton has been urging me 
to it [to proceed on the tour] with all that ar- 
dour which a new prospect of acquiring know- 
ledge ever inspires him." With the same feeling, 
and in allusion to his early connection with tliis 
gentleman. Bums, in one of his poems, thus al- 
ludes to him : 

** Brfdone*8 brave itaxd I well ooold spy, 
BeneAth old Scotia's Bmiling eye; 
Wbo caU'd on Fame, low etanding by, 

To hand him on ; 
Where many a patriot name on high. 

And hero shone.** 

In 1776, when only twenty-one years of age, he 
was appointed principal secretary to the embassy 
of Lord Stormont, at the court of France. In 
1780, he communicated to the administration the 
plan of an expedition to Mexico against the 
Spaniards. This project havuig been approved 
of, he instantly set about putting it into execu- 



tion, and with this view raised the 98th regiment 
of infantry. Sir John Dahrymple, in his Memoirs 
of Great Britain^ gives the following acconnt of 
ibe expedition: 

^^ It was planned and proposed to the Cabinet 
Ministers, by Colonel FuUarton of Fullarton, 
who acted in conjunction with the late Colonel, 
then Major Mackenzie Humberstone, the first of 
whom had never been in the army, both repre- 
sentatives of families amongst the most ancient 
of their country — ^young, generous, spirited, gay, 
and scholars. They raised 2,000 men at their 
own expense, with unusual dispatch, and involved 
their estates to a very large amount, by prepara- 
tions for the expedition, agreeable to the terms 
upon which government had adopted the proposal. 

'•^ The object of it was an attack upon the 
coast of Mexico; the troops were to sail to Ma- 
dras, and be joined there by a body of Lascars, 
who were to proceed with them to one of the 
Luconian islands in order to refircsh the men, and 
then to make for the coast of Mexico, in the tract 
of the Acapulca ships. Lord George Germaine 
added to this the idea of another expedition to 
the Spanish Main, which was to go across the 
South Sea, and join that on the coast of Mexico, 
and there is no doubt that, if the junction had 
been made, Spain must have immediately sued 
for peace. But the unexpected breaking out of 
the Dutch war obliged the expedition intended 
for Mexico to be sent upon an attack on the Cape 
of GkM>d-Hope; and when that was found im- 
proper, it was employed in the war of India, 
where Colonel Mackenzie bravely fell in his 
country^s cause. His friend (Col. Fullarton) re- 
turned on the peace, covered with laurels, to de- 
fend her liberties in the senate." 

As thus related by Sir John, on the interrup- 
tion of the expedition to South America, Col. 
Fullarton, with the troops under his command, 
proceeded to India, and with them served on 
board Conmiodore Johnston^s fleet. In May 
1783, he received the command of the Southern 
Army on the coast of Coromandel — a force con- 
sisting of upwards of 13,000 men. His cam- 
paigns and operations, with this army, in that and 
the succeeding year, were attended with a rapi- 
dity and brilliancy of success altogether unknown 
in that distempered and enervating climate. On 
his return to Europe, he published a work en- 
titled ^^ A View of the English Interests in In- 
dia," &c. — together with an account of his cam- 
paigns there in the years 1782, 1783, and 1784, 
in which work he has given a very particular and 
interesting narrative of these transactions, as 
well as much curious and valuable information 
relative to the histor}' of our eastern cmpii*e. 

Colonel Fullarton was frequently a member of 
the House of Commons — twice was he returned 
for his native county of Ayr, the last time of 
which his election was unanimous. 

He was served heir of line, and representative 
of the fiunily of Cuninghame of Cuninghame* 
head, Bart., in the year 1791 — ^which represen- 
tation is still in the present family of Fullarton. 

At the breaking out of the French war in the 
year 1793, he raised the 23d light Dragoons, 
then called " Fnllarton^s Light Horse," and also 
the 101st regiment of infantry; and, in 1801, 
was appointed first Commissioner, or Governor, 
of the Island of Trinidad. In this situation, 
however, he remained but a short time — return- 
ing in the year 1803. 

The short intervals he enjoyed fi*om public 
employment were assiduously devoted to the 
study of science and literature. In 1793, at the 
request of the President of the Board of Agri- 
culture, he wrote " An Account of the Agricul- 
ture of the County of Ayr, with Observations on 
the means of its Improvement," which the same 
year was printed, and generally drculatcd in the 
county and elsewhere. This Report, as also an 
Essay which he wrote in 1801, addressed to the 
Board of Agriculture in England, on the best 
method of turning grass lands into tillage, have 
been highly esteemed both for the accuracy of 
the scientific observations and the classical ele- 
gance of the composition. 

In the year 1792, he married the Honourable 
Mariamne Mackay, eldest daughter of George, 
fifth Lord B«ay, by Elizabeth, daughter of John, 
second son of Fairlie of Fairlie (formerly Dreg- 
horn), Ayrshire. 

Col. Fullarton died at London, 13th February, 
1808, at the age of 64 years, deeply regretted by 
a numerous circle of fiiends, to whom he was 
much endeared, not more from his highly culti- 
vated mind, in almost every branch of literature 
and science, than from his amiable dispositions, 
and condescending afiability; which latter qua- 
lity entwined him round the hearts and afllec- 
tions of his vassals and tenantry. He was in- 
terred within the church of Isleworth, where has 
been placed to his memory a marble tablet, with 
an appropriate Latin inscription. 

He left no male issue, and the representation 
of this ancient ftmily devolved on his second- 
cousin, Colonel Stewart Murray Fullarton of Bar- 
tonholm, grandson of 

XXI. Robert Fullarton, second son of George 
Fullarton of that Ilk, No. XVH. in this account. 
He was bred a Writer to the Signet, which pro- 
fession he for many years practised. He wrote 
the genealogical tree of die fiunily of Fullartoo^ 



formerly alluded to. He obtained the landa of 
Bartonholm and others from Captain William 
FuUarton of Bartonholm, the last of this ancient 
cadet of the family. In the deed of entail exe- 
cuted by Sir William Cuninghame, the third Ba- 
ronet of Cuninghamehead, he and his heira what- 
soever were called to the succession of his estate 
anddtle; so that the present representative of 
the FuUarton fiunHy has a clear right to the Ba- 
ronetcy of Ouninghamehead.* On the 15th 
March, 1716, he married Grizel Stuart, daughter 
of John Stuart of Ascog, in the Island of Bute, 
a cadet of the family of Bute; by whom he had 
several children, none of whom survived him, 
except his successor, 

XXn. George FuUarton of Bartonholm, who 
was an officer in the army, and was much upon 
foreign service, particularly in North Amei*ica, 
where he was present during the whole of the 
period generaUy denominated ^* the Seven Years' 

He nuirried, February 7, 1763, Barbara, sister 
of James Innes of Warrix, A\Tshire, by whom 
he had one daughter, John, and two sons : 1. Ro- 
bert, who died in the year 1784, unmarried; 2. 
his successor, 

XXTTT. Stewart Murray FuUarton of FuUarton. 
His service and retour as heir male to the fanuly 
of FuUarton is dated August 5, 1809. He en- 
tered early into the mUitary service, and was, in 
1812, commissioned Colonel of the Kirkcudbright 
and Wigton, or GraUoway Regiment of MiUtia; 

• Tbe deed of entail wm executed in 1711. It runs m 
foUowB : ** To myself, and the heir»-male, lawAilly pro- 
oeate, or to be procreate, of mj own body ; whilk fkillng, 
to the heira-female, lawAiUy procreate, or to be proereate, 
of my own body; whllk fkiling, to Robert FuUarton, 
Writer to the Signet, lawAil son to the late George Ful- 
laiton of that Ilk, and the hein of his body whatsoever, 
lawfldly procreate, or to be procreate; whilk fUlimg, to 
Patrick Fnllarton, seomd lawftd son to the deoeast Mr 
Patrick Fnllarton, advocate, and eldest son to the said 
George Fnllarton of that Ilk, and the heirs whatsomever 
of his body, lawfhlly procreate, whether male or female ; 
whilk fkiling, to Mrs Marion Fnllarton. \awto\ daughter to 
the said George Fnllarton of that Ilk, if she shall happen 
to be herself in lift at the time of her snooeeding to this 
tailzie, and to the heirs whatsomever of her body lawAilly 
procreate ; whilk failing, to Ann and Margaret Fnllarton, 
lawfU daoghters to the said deceast Mr Patrick Fnllarton, 
adTocate, sacoeseiyely, they being in lift at the time of 
their saoceeding to this tailzie, and to the heirs-male or 
female lawftil of their bodies ; whilk ftiUng, to Barbara 
FnUarton.LBdyFreugh; whilk failing, to Patrick M'Dowal 
of Frengfa, and the heirs of his body lawftilly procreate, 
or to be procreate, whether male or female ; whilk ftiling, 
to tbe heirs of Dsme Elizabeth Cnnninghame, my grand- 
annt, yoongest lawAil daughter of John Cnnninghame of 
Cnnninghamehead, and Elizabeth Edmonston, his spouse ; 
the heirs lawftil, whether male or ftmale, of the said Dame 
Elizabeth Cnnninghame, being l*rotestants, and no other- 
ways ; whilk failing, to George FuUarton, youngest lawfVd 
son to tbe said George FuUarton of that Ilk ; whilk all faU- 
ing, to my own nearest heirs whomsoever, heritably and 

which situation he resigned upon being appointed, 
in May 1819, CoUector of hiis Majesty^s Customs 
at the Port of Irvine. 

In January 4, 1796, he married Rosetta, daugh- 
ter of Colonel FuUarton, his predecessor, (who 
died October 19, 1814), by whom he had eight 
sons and four daughters : 

1. George, his snooessor, bom 13th December, 1796. 

3. WilUam, bom 8d September, 1799, died in 1809. 

8. James, bom 1 1th April, 1 80 1. He was Lieut.-C<^onel 
of the 26th N. I. Madras Army, and died at the 
Cape, whither he had gone Ibr his health, on the 7th 
November, 1846. 

4. John Campbell, bom 2d October, 1808; Lieutenant 
Royal Navy. 

6. Robert, bom 16th lUrch, 1806 ; died at Cawnpore, 
August 1889, MJD. ; Assistant-Surgeon, H.E.I.C.S. 
Madras Army. 

6. Stewart Murray, bom 8th October, 1807, Captain 
39th Kfigiment N.I. Bengal Army. 

7. WUUam, bora 8d September, 1810. died in 1817. 

8. Crauftird Boee, bom 19th Ootober, 1814, died in 1810. 

1. Barbara, bom 8d June, 1798 ; married, isth May, 

1830, to Alex. U. Manners, Esq., W.S., and has issue. 
8. Mariamne, bom 38th April, 1804; married, 34th 

December, 1 826, to the Bev. Charles Bannatine Steven, 

minister of Stewarton, and has issue. 
4. Annabella Craufliid, bom 1st March, 1818 ; died in 


He married secondly, September 11, 1820, 
IsabeUa-Buchanan, only daughter of the late 
James Muir, M.D., Glasgow, and had issue 

1. Elizabeth Muir, bom 17th September, 1833. 

2. Craufturd, bom 13th January, 1834 ; Lieut let Bo- 
giment N.I. Madras Army. 

8. Agnes Marion, bom 3l8t June. 1825; died 16th 

April, 1848. 
4. Bobina Alexander, bom 80th September, 1836. 
6. William FuUarton, bora 81st August, 1838; Ensign 

Boyal Ayrshire MiUtia. 
6. Blair, bom 8th January, 1884. 

Col. FuUarton died 20th May, 1844, and was 
succeeded by his eldest son, 

XXrV. George FuUarton of that Bk, Cap- 
tain in the Kirkcudbright Regiment of MiUtia. 

Residences. — ^From about the year 1500, this 
fiunUy appears to have resided chiefly at their 
Place of Crosby, which, in after-times, came to 
be caUed FuUarton-house. Fart of the old 
mansion is stUl standing. The present house, 
as already mentioned, was begun in the year 
1746. In 1791, Colonel FuUarton made consi- 
derable additions, in the form of wings, to the 
principal building; the whole, though not very 
large, has certainly a very graceful, dignified ap- 
pearance. The situation is also singularly in- 
viting; placed upon a dry and gently elevated 
lawn, about a nule from tiie margin of the sea, 
over which, to the picturesque and lofty Island 
of Arran, the view is uncommonly varied and 

FuUarton-house is further embellished by many 
noble trees, particularly ash, sycamore and elm — 



many of which have obtained to great size and 

Arms, — Argent, three Otters' heads erased, 
gxxlfis. Crest, a Camel's head and neck erazed, 
proper. Supporters, two naked Savages, wreath- 
ed about the head and middle with laurel, and 
holding clubs in their hands, all proper. Motto 
— Lnx in Tenebris, 

In 1805, this dommn was alienated to the Duke 
of Portland, whose residence in Scotland it now 
is. The lineage of the Duke is too well known, 
in connection with the illustrious of the British 
Peerage, to reciuire any account of his family 
here. He is universally esteemed by his Scottish 
tenantry as a liberal and considerate landlord, 
while his name will go down to posterity as one 
of the greatest agricultural improvers of his time. 


The first of this family was, 

I. W11.T.IAM FuLLARTON of Dreghorn, eldest 
son of Rimkine Fullarton of that Ilk, by a second 
marriage with Marion, daughter of Wallace of 
Craigie. He obtained the lands of Dreghorn 
from his father, who had a charter of them from 
James I., dated 20th July, 1428, in favour of him 
and his spouse 5 whom failing, to the said Wil- 
liam, his son, and the heirs of his body. He re- 
ceived a charter fi'om Elizabeth Stewart, with 
consent of Adam Mure, her husband, of the lands 
of Lagland, now Craighall, dated at A^t, 24th 
January, 1454, in favour of himself and his spouse, 
Agnes, and which charter was confirmed by 
James H. at Edinburgh, 26th July of that year. 
He received also a charter of confirmation firom- 
James HI., dated at Edinburgh, 24th October, 
1466, of the lands of Dreghorn, NewhaU, and 
Laithis, which Iiad been leil him by his father. 
He was succeeded by his son, 

U. William Fullarton of Dreghorn, who mar- 
ried Giles Hamilton, by whom he had four sons : 
Charles, Adam, David, and William, who are all 
mentioned in a charter granted by himself, and 
confirmed by James HI., at Edinburgh, 1st No- 
vember, 1485, of the Linds of Ladyland, Bar- 
cleugh, Knockgulrane, Dreghorn, and Laithis. 
He received also a charter of confirmation, dated 
29th May, 1492, firom John Fullarton of Fullar- 
tcm, of the lands of Wester Laithis. He was 
succeeded by his eldest son, 

HI. Charles FuUarton of Dreghorn, who, on 
the 2d December, 1484, married Elizabeth Boss, 
daughter of George Ross of Ilaining, by whom | 
he had two sons — John and Jiuncs, the latter of 

whom married Elison Dalr^mple, of the fimiily of 
Stair, and a daughter, Janet, who, on the loth 
February, 1505, married John Campbell of Skel- 
don. He was succeeded by his eldest son, 

IV. John Fullarton of Dreghorn, who was 
seized in the lands of Dreghorn and others on the 
18th December, 1518. He married Helen, daugh- 
ter of Sir John Chalmers of Gadgirth, by whom he 
had two sons — John ; and William, who married, 
Ist May, 1545, Agnes, daughter of Thomas Cor- 
rie of Kelwood ; and a daughter, who married 
William M*Kerrell of Hillhouse. On the 9th 
July, 1522, ho received a charter of confirmation 
fix)m John Fullarton of Fullarton, in favour of 
himself and the said Helen Chalmers, his spouse, 
of the lands of Wester Laithis. He died in 1546, 
and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

y. John Fullarton of Dreghorn, whose retour 
is dated in 1546. He seems to have studied with 
a view to some of the learned professions. In the 
list of assize at the trial of the Archbishop of St 
Andrews and others, for attempting to restore 
Popery at Maybole, Eirkoswald, &c., in 1563, he 
is styled " Mr Jo. Fullertone of Dreghome." He 
took an active part in the afiairs of the Reforma- 
tion, and involved his estate ver^- much on that 
account. With a view of suppressing the Con- 
vent of Carmelite Friars, which his chiefs, the 
Fullartons of that Bk, built in the thirteenth cen- 
tury, and for ages afterwards liberally supported, 
he purchased, on the 10th May, 1558, fi'om Ro- 
bert Bume, prior of the Convent, the lands of 
Friars Croft, and Dyets Temple, on which it waa 
situated, near Trune, and to which they belonged. 
On the 4th September, 1562, he sul^cribcd the 
famed Band, at A}t, along with the Earis of Glen- 
cairn, Lords Boyd and Ochiltree, and a number 
of the getitlemen of Ayrshire, binding themselves 
to support and defend the reformed religion at all 
hazards against all its enemies ; and upon Queen 
Mary^s marriage with Lord Damley, he went, on 
the 31st August, 1565, to Edinburgh, along with 
the Earls of Murray, Glencaim, and Rothes, 
Lords Boyd and Ochiltree, at the head of 1300 
horse, in defence of the reformed interests. He 
married Janet, daughter of Mungo Mure of Row- 
aJlan, by whom he had three sons, 

1. John, hia snooeesor. 

8. Adam, who, on 8 let July, 1503, married Agnes, only 
child of William Fullarton of Ardovie, in the county 
of Forfar. 

8. James, who manied Elizabeth Gray. He waa first 
gentleman of the Bed-Chamber to Charles I., by whom 
he was created a knight He was buried in West- 
minster Abbey, where an degant monument is erected 
to his memory. 

1. Agnes, who was married in 1598, to James Fullarton, 
younger of Fullarton, from whom the present fiunily 
is descended. 



'i. Marion, who married Jamee Chalmen of Gadgirtb, 
and had Issue. 

8. Elizabeth, who married John Wallace, younger of 
Mainford, and was provided for by her brother, on 
17th June, 1593, in the lands of ArrothiU. 

lie was succeeded by his eldest son, 

VI. John Fullarton of Dreghorn, whose retour 
is dated 10th March, 1587. He received a char- 
ter from James YII., dated at Edinburgh, 5th 
June, 1599, of the lands of ArrothiU. He mar- 
ried Janet, daughter of Sir Patrick Houstoun of 
tbat Bk. This lady survived him, and afterwards 
married Sir George Craufurd of Lifnorris. lie 
had three sons — 

1. John, his §aoco6sor. 

S. David, who, on the ICth May, 1600, married a daugh- 
ter of Craafiird of Lifhorris, who was provided for 
in the lands of Easter Templeton*. 

3. William. In the testament of William Fullarton, 
miniirter of Dreghorn, in 162'>, he is mentioned as 
"Mr William Fullarton, brother-germane to John 
Fullarton of Dreghorn." 

He was succeeded by his eldest son, 

Vn. John Fullarton of Dreghorn, whose re- 
tour is dated 15th May, 1605. He married 
Christian, daughter of Wallace of Auchans, and 
relict, first, of Mr James Ross of Whiteriggs ; 
second, of John Craufurd of Craufurdland, to 
both of whom she had issue; but having no 
children to him, the succession devolved by spe- 
dal destination on his cousin, and second living 
son of James Fullarton of Fullarton, f who be- 

Vin. George Fullarton of Dreghorn, and upon 
the death of his brother, William Fullarton of 
FoUaiton, without issue, in 1710, succeeded to 
the estate and representation of that family. He 
then sold the estate of Dreghorn to William 
Fairlic of Bruntsficld, who changed its name to 
Fdrlie, and it is now the property and seat of 
Sir John Cuninghame Fairlie of Bobertland and 
Fairlie, Baronet. 

The armorial bearings of Fullarton of Dreg- 
horn were the same as Fidlarton of Fullarton, 
with a crescent for difference. 



NiSBET states, in his Heraldry^ that the ancient 

• In a legal document in reference to the lands of 
Holmea of Dnndonald, dated April 3, 180f>, he is styled 
** David PuUertoun of Knokinlaw, sone lawftill to vmqle. 
John Fullcrtonn of Dreghome.'* 

t There \& a letter in our poiscsdon dated " Dreghome, 
31 December, 1677," addressed by " George FuUartoune" 
to his ** Honored Cusing'* ** The Laird of Enterldne," in 
reference to some case of arbitration in which he appears 
to have felt keenly, so that he must have succeeded to 
Dreghorn before that year. 

family of Faii'lie of Braid, in the vicinity of 
Edinburgh, was descended from a natural son of 
Robert H.,* and it is probable that Fau^Iie of 
Bruntsfield, in the same neighbourhood, was a 
cadet of that family. This supposition is strong- 
ly countenanced by the similarity of the armorial 
bearings of both families. From an inventory 
of writs ui the charter chest at Furlie, it would 
appear that 

I. Joux Fairlie, burgess in Edinburgh, bought 
the lands of Bruntsfield from Alexander Lauder 
of Halton in 1603. He had previously acqiured 
the four oxengait lands of Restalrig from Robert 
Logan, portioner thereof. The disposition of 
these lands is dated 29th May, 1601. This John 
Fairlie was married to Elizabeth Watson, and 
had issue. He died before the 24th February 
1607, for of that date 

n. William Fairlie is served heir to liis father, 
John Fairlie of Brountisfield. This laird of 
Bruntsfield had the honour of knighthood con- 
ferred on him soon afterwards; and, it should 
seem, enjoyed some adequate property distinct 
fipom these lands on which he himself lived; as it 
appears that he disponed of them to his son, 

HI. William Fairlie, very soon aflcr his own 
succession. The charter conveying his lands — 
dated 8d September, 1608 — is granted by Sir 
William Fairlie to AVilliam Fairlie his son, to be 
holden of the Laird of Halton, for the yearly 
payment of seventeen marks. Again, there is a 
charter, dated 30th September, 1618, " granted 
be Sir William Fairlie of Bruntsfield, to his son 
William Fairlie, of the four oxengait lands of 
Restalrig." Sir William Fairlie died before the 
3l8t of March, 1626, on which day William 
Fairlie, his son, is served heir in the lands of 
Bruntsfield. There is a precept of dare constat, 
granted by «Tohn Ijord Balmerino, to William 
Fairlie, son of Sir William Fairlic, of the four 
oxengait lands of Restalrig, dated in 1632. 

IV. William Fairlie of Bruntsfield, who had 
acquired the lands of Little Dreghorn, in the 
county of A}T, was, in the year 1689, appointed one 
of the commissioners for ordering out the militia. 
He was no doubt the son of the previous William 
Fairlie. WTio he married does not appear, but 
he had at least two sons. John, the second son, 
married Barbara Mure, the heiress of Caldwell, 
without issue. In Law's Memorials he is thus 
noticed: — " Rowallan, elder and younger, and 
BrvntsfieM, does retire and dam for a time." 
That is, hid themselves — ^this gentleman hayong 
evidently been concerned with them in the Both- 
well -Brig insurrection, in which were implicated 
a great many A}Tshire gentlemen. He was ap- 
prehended in London, in June the same year; 



but it does not appear that, in these perilous 
times, he sulFered to any greater extent on ac- 
count of his attachment to civil and religions 
liberty. Ho died before the 22d of May 1696, 
on which day his son, 

y. William Fairlie of Bmntsfield, was served 
heir to his father William Fairlie of Bruntsfield. 
This gentleman dropped the designation of Brunts- 
field, and assumed that of Fairlie, applied to the 
lands of Little Dreghom, purchased by his &ther 
from the Fullartons. He married Jean Mure, only 
daughter of William Mure, the last of Rowallan, 
(who afterwards married David, first Earl of 
Glasgow, and settled her paternal property on 
the issue of the last marriage, in preference to 
that of the first.) By this lady he had two sons: 
1. William, of whom afterwards; 2. John, Col- 
lector of the Customs at Ayr, who nuirried Miss 
Bowman, daughter of John Bowman of Ash- 
grove, by whom he had an only child, Elizabeth 
Fairlie, who was married, in 1760, to George 
Lord Reay, being his second lady ; to whom she 
had a son, who died yoimg, and three daughters. 

VI. William Fwrlie, the eldest son, succeeded 
his father in Fairlie. He was twice married: 
first, to Miss Catherine Brisbane, daughter of 
Thomas Brisbane of that Ilk, by whom he had 
issue, of whom afterwards; and secondly, to 
Elizabeth Craufurd, second daughter of John 
Craufurd of Craufurdland, by whom he had no 
issue. She survived him more than sixty years, 
during which time she enjoyed a jointure ofi* the 
estate. She married John Howieson of Brae- 
head, in the county of Edinburgh, to whom she 
had two sons who died in infancy ; a daughter, 
who died unmarried ; and a daughter, Elizabeth, 
who married the Bev. James Moody, minister in 
Perth, by whom she had a son, William Howie- 
son Craufurd, now of Craufurdland and Brae- 
head; and a daughter, Isabella. Mrs Moodie 
died in April, 1823. Her mother, the dowager 
of Fairlie, died in 1802, at the very advanced 
age of 97, before the cause was decided that ad- 
judged her right to the estate of Craufurdland. 
By his first lady, Mr Fairlie had a son, Alexan- 
der, and a daughter, Margaret, of whom after- 

Vn. Alexander Fairlie of Fairlie succeeded 
his father in 1744, in which year his father's 
widow, as stated above, was married to John 
Howieson of Braehcad. He was a gentleman of 
much ability and public spirit, taking an active 
part in the affairs of the county. Ho took a 
prominent lead in promoting agricultural im- 
provement. He died unmarried, at an advanced 
age, in 1803 — ^when he was succeeded by his 

Yin. Margaret Fairlie of Fairlie, who was 
married to William Cuninghame, at first designed 
of Auchinskdth; but, in 1778, having been 
served heir to the late Sir David Cuninghame of 
Robertland, he assumed that title, and was ac- 
cordingly designed Sir William Cuninghame of 
Robertland, Bart., which title was at first con- 
ferred on his ancestor. Sir David Cuninghame of 
Robertland, who, in 1630, was created a Baronet 
of Nova Sootia, h&ng amongst the most early 
creations to that dignity. Sir William had two 
sons : 1. William ; 2. Alexander, who was Col- 
lector of Customs at Irvine, and died unmarried. 

IX. Sir William Cuninghame Fairlie of Ro« 
berdand and Fiurlie, succeeded his father in his 
paternal property in 1781, and his mother, the 
heiress of Fairlie, in Fairlie, in 1811. He mar- 
ried Anne, daughter of Robert Colquhoim, Esq. 
of St Cristopher^s, and sister to Wm. Colquhoun, 
Esq. M.P. for Bedford; by whom he had issue: 

1. WUllam. 

S. Kobert— died unmarried, 

3. John, of whom aftenrards. 

4. Charles, who married Franoee, daughter of Sir John 
Call, Bart, of Whttefbrd, in ComwiO], and banker In 

1. Franoee, died in 1815. 

2. Margaret, married to John Coninghame of Cralgenda. 
8. Anne, married to Sir William Brace of Stoihouse. 

IX. Sir William Cuninghame Fairlie, of Ro- 
bertland and Fairlie, the eldest son, succeeded 
his father in 1811. In June 1818, he was re- 
turned member of Parliament for Leominster. 
In the same yem he married Anne, only daughter 
of Robert Cooper, Esq. of Foxford, Suffolk, 
banker at Woodbridge. He died in 1837, when 
he was succeeded by 

X. Sir John Ciminghame Fairlie of Robert- 
land and Fablie, the present Baronet, who mar- 
ried Jessie, daughter of the late John W^allace 
of Kelly. 

Fairlie-House is pleasantly situated on ihe brow 
of a gentle eminence, on the south banks of tho 
Irvine water, about three miles west from Kil- 
marnock. It is an elegant, commodious, and 
remarkably well-constructed modem mansion. 


The lands and castle of Dundonald formed part 
of the royal demesnes after the accession of the 
Stewart family to the throne. They constituted 
a portion of the principality of Scotland, esta- 
blished by Robert UI., in 1404. Alan, first Ix>rd 
Cathcart, had a grant of the custody of Dun- 
donald Castle, and the dominical lands of Dun- 



donaldf from James m., in 1482. These lands 
of Dundonald continued for some time in the pos- 
session of the Cathcarts. John, the second Lord, 
bad a charter, in 1505, of Colynane, Hilhouse, 
•nd Hoknyss, in Ayrshire, in the hands of the 
King, by reason of forfeiture, for the alienation 
of the greater part of the same by Alan, Lord 
Cathcart, his grandfather, without consent of the 
King,* &C. The next possessors of the lands 
were the Wallaces, a branch, no doubt, of the 
Wallaces of Biccarton. The first of the name 
ivho is found in possession was — 

L William Wallace, who had a charter from 
James V. of the lands and barony of Dundonald; 
the charter and infeftment of feu approved by 
act of Parliament in 1527. 

n. William Wallace of Dundonald was, in 1566, 
conjoined with Edward Wallace of Shewalton, in 
the purchase of the lands of Marress from the 
laird of Fullarton. 

m. John Wallace of Dundonald, who is sup- 
posed to have married Agnes, sister of Walter, 
first Lord Blantyre, whose father, Sir John Stew- 
art of Minto, died in 1583. lie had issue, as ap- 
pears from the latter- will of James Wallace, after- 
wards quoted, who must have been his son, 

1. John, who saooeedecL 

2. James, who died unmarried. 

t. Thcmaa, who appears to hare married and had issue. 
4. AgjBM, married to Patenom, baker, Edinburgh. 

rV. John Wallace of Dundonald, was retoured 
heir to his father, John Wallace of Dundonald, in 
1572. He had a brother, whose name occurs in 
ft testamentary document as *^ James Wallace, bro- 
ther-german to Jon. Wallace of Dundonald," in 
1597. Thomas, fifth Lord Boyd, had a charter of 
the lands or superiority of Auchans from John Wal- 
lace, in 1599. The Boyds appear to have experi- 
enced consderable difficulty with the property, the 
Wallace tenantry haying resisted their demands. 
Robert, sixth Lord Boyd, at last, in 1617, pro- 
cored letters firom the Signet, commanding the 
l^eriff and his deputies to put their decrees in 
execution, and do justice to Lord Boyd. *^ Johne 
Wallace, elder of Dundonald,*^ is mentioned in 
a testam^itary document, in 1604, so that he 
had a son, named after himself, who succeeded 
him.t He died about 1609, in which year we have 
the latter- will of his brother, James Wallace, for- 
meriy mentioned, which is curious, and in sub- 
stance as follows : — 

Testament, &c. of vmqle. James Wallace, bro- 

• Wood's Peerafi^ i. 840. 

t ** Item, in and to the annuall and dewitie restand awand 
to the said cedent, or that may appertene to him durin/( 
Ms liftyme, ftirth of the lands of iHindouald, pertening to 
Johne Wallace, elder and zoonger of Anchans.** — Kin^s 
Proclamation in reference to certain dwes owing to Mr 
Andro Boyd, minister at Eglishame. 


ther-germane to vmqle. Johnne Wallace of Dun- 
donald, the t^me of his deceis, Quha deceist in 
the moneth of Januar, 1609. Grevin vp be him- 
self the 19 day of Januar, the said year, in as 
&Xy &c., and pairtlie gevin vp be Johnne Wallace 
of Dundonald, in so far as concemis the Liventar, 
&c., Quhome he constitutis his onlie executor, &c. 


Item, the said vmqle. James being vnmareit, 
had all, &c. viz. the abuikement of his bodie, 
estimat to thriescoir fyiftein punds. . . . 


. . . Item the said James Wallace levis to 
his brother, Thomas Wallace, the sowme of fourtie 
markis money: mair, levis to him ane stand of 
broune freis : mair, ane pair of gray worset 
schankis. . . : mair, levis to him ane sword, 
qUc. is in the handis of Andro Leitch, sone and 
appeirand air to the Laird of Craig. Item, levis 
to Bessie Wallace, hir brother dochter, ane new 
cloik of Inglis claith, with ane neck of veluot. 
Item, levis to Agnes Wallace, relict of vmqle. 
Patersoun, baxter, burges of Edinburghe, 
the sowme of Twentie pundis. Item, levis to 
Agnes Wallace, dochter to Johnne Wallace of 
Dundonald, ane pair of blankettis, ane dowblet 
and breikis of Spainis taffatie, cuttit out vpone 
tafiatie of the cord, with some musick buikis, 
quhilkis ar in the handis of Thomas Porter, in 
Eilfuird of Dundonald. Item, levis to Andro 
Paterson, baxter, sone to the said Agnes Wallace, 
ane doick of Scotts greine, and ane coitt and 
breikis of broune claith, pasmentit with blak pas- 
mentis. Done at Edinburghe, the 19 Januar, 
1609. Mathow Wallace of Garscadden, cautioner 
and souertie for Johnne Wallace of Dundonald, 
executor, &c. to vmqle. James Wallace, his bro- 
ther-germane. Feb. 7, 1610. 

From this document, it would appear that John 
Wallace of Dundonald died in 1609, or 1610. He 
was alive when his brother James made his will ; 
and, from the preamble, he must have been dead 
when it was recorded in 1610. We also learn 
from it, that besides his heir, he had a daughter 
named Agnes. In the testament of William Wal- 
lace, minister of Failftiird, who died in 1616, men- 
tion is made of '* Margaret Cathcart, relict of 
vmqule. Jon. Wallace of Dundonald." This was 
in all likelihood his widow. The name of Lady 
Faile was Janet Cathcart, probably a sister. 

V. John Wallace of Dundonald is fi^uently 
mentioned in testamentar}'- documents between 
1610 and 1625, in which latter year Matheuf 
Wallace of Dundonald occurs. John possibly 
died unmarried, and was succeeded by — 

VI. Mathew Wallace of Dundonald. From 
the latter- will of " Johnne Stewart, brother-ger- 




mane to Archibald Stewart of Ardgowane," who 
died unman-ied at Paisley, August 1627, it would 
appear that Mathew Wallace had married the re- 
lict of Stewart of Ardgowane. Amongst 
other legacies, he leaves " to Janet and Agnes 
Wallaces, dochtcrs lawful! to Mathew Wallace of 
Dundonald, the sowme of Threttein hundrithc 
marks money, equallie betuixt thamc, and the 
anuelrent of the said Threttein hundrithe markis 
To radoune and appertein to Margrat Stewart, his 
and their mother^ during hir Ij'ftyme." " Margaret 
Stewart, spous to Mathew Wallace of Dundonald," 
died in the month of June 1628.* Her latter- 
will was made in favour of Annahell and Mane 
Wallaces, her daughters. By these documents. 
It would thus appear that there were four daugh- 
ters of this marriage — 1. Janet ; 2. Agnes ; 3. An- 
nabell ; 4. Marie, t Mathew Wallace of Dun- 
donald was alive in 1641, in which year he is men- 
tioned in the latter- will of " Mareoune Craufurd, 
Lady Armillane." Whether he had a son and 
heir, docs not appear ; but a 

VII. " John Wallace of Auchanes" is mention- 
ed in a testamentary doamient, as cautioner for 
Wallace of Garscaddane, in 1643. The lands of 
Dundonald seem to have been sold to Sir W^illiiun 
Cochrane, ancestor of the Earls of Dundonald, 
before 1638 *, but those of Auchans were proba- 
bly retained for some years longer in the family. 
Colonel James Wallace, who headed the rising at 
Pentland, is believed to have been the last of the 
Wallaces of Dundonald and Auchans. t 


This family is a branch of the family of Blair of 
Blair, and adopted the name of Cochrane, in con- 
sequence of a marriage with the heiress of Coch- 
rane, at the dose of the sixteenth centurj'. Wil- 
liam Cochrane of that Bk, § county of Renfi*ew, 
married Margaret, daughter of Sir Robert. Mont- 

* Her testament recorded in the CkmunU. Rec. of Glas- 
gow, 1680. 

t One of the daughters is said to have married Hobcrt 
Montgomerie of Whitefoord. 

X Since the foregoing sheets were pat to press we have 
been informed by the minister of Dundonald, that near to 
the house of Auchans, occupied by C. D. Gairdncr, Esq., Com- 
missioner to the Earl of EgUnton, a worlunan, while dig- 
ging lately in a small mound of gravel, came upon an 
urn, containing some flragments of human bones. The urn, 
which was of very rude workmanship, was much injured 
Jn the removal, and having been imperfectly fired, has 
snflbred more since by exposure to the air. Mr Gairdner 
sent the fragments to the manse, where they still remain. 
The urn seems to have been of British rather than Koman 
workmanship. There is no tradition of a timmlus having 
existed where the relic was discovered. 

§ For the Cochranes of Ck>wdcn, or Coldoun,.8ee Appen- 

gomerie of Skelmorlie, Ayrshire. He was living 
in 1593. Elizabeth Cochrane, daughter and heir, 
married — 

I. Alexander, son of John Blair of Blair, who 
took the name and arms of Cochrane. They had 
seven sons, all of whom were officers in the ro^'al 
army. His second son, 

n. Sir William Cochrane of Coldoun, who was 
knighted by Charles I., acquired the estate of 
Dundonald in 1638. He was created Baron Coch- 
rane of Dundonald in 1647. The part he had 
taken in the civil commotions of the time, is evi- 
denced by the proceedings of the Presbytery of 
Ayr, who— Feb. 28, 1649— debaiTed "Lord Coch- 
rane^* from renewing the solemn league and cove- 
nant, he having " been a Colonel in the late un- 
lawful rebellion, and having went to Ireland to 
bring over forces," &c.* In 1654, he waa fined 
in £5000 by Cromwell^s act of grace and pardon. 
On the Restoration, however, he was made a 
Commissioner of the Treasury and Exchequer, 
and created Baron Cochrane, of Paisley and 
Ochiltree (having previously acquired the latter 
barony), and Earl of Dundonald, with remainder 
to the heirs-male of his body, fiuling which, to 
the eldest heirs-female of his body without divi- 
sion, and the heirs-male of such heirs-female, bear- 
ing the name and anns of Cochrane. The earl- 
dom, however, has continued in the male-line. 
He married Eupheme, daughter of Sir William 
Scott of Ardroas, county of Fife, and had issue : 

1. William, Lord Ck)chrane, who died, during the life of 
hiB father, in 1679, leaving issue by Katherine, daugh- 
ter of John, sixth Earl of Cassillis, 

1. John, second Earl. 

). William, of Kilmaronock,! died 1717, havhigmaiv 
ried Grizel, daughter of James Grahame, second 
Marquis of Montrose, and had issue, 
Thomas, sixth Earl. 

2. Sir John, of Ochiltree, from whom Thoxas, the eighth 

1. Margaret, married, in 1676, to Alexander, ninth Earl 
of EgUnton, and had issue. 

2. Helen, married to John, fifteenth Earl of Sutheiiand, 
and had issue. 

8. Jean, married, first, John, first Yisconnt Dundee; 
secondly, to William, third Viscount of Kilsyth, and 
had issue. 

The Earl, in his old age, was accused, 1684, of 
having kept a chaplain with his son, then dying, 
1 679, who prayed for the success of those rebels 

* In 1650, William, Lord Dundonald^ and Dame 
iScott, his spoos ; Lieutennant-Colonell Hew Cochrane, bro- 
ther to my Lord Cochrane, occur as debtors in the testa- 
ment of " Johne Blair, tailzeour, merchand burges of Air," 
a relation of the Blairs of Adamton. 

t Erroneously printed *- Kilmarnock'* in some of the 
Peerages. ** I, 3Ira Anne Cochrane, daughter of the de- 
ceast Mr William Cochrane of Kllmaronock, grants mc to 
have received IVom the right honourable the Earle of Dun- 
donald, the sum of five hundred mcrks Scots, and that in 
full of a year's annualrent of the principall sum of ten 
thousand merks," &c. — May 29, 1732. 



m the west — those coyenanters who defeated Cla- 
verhoiise at Dnimclog. The Earl died in 1686, 
and was interred in the church of Dundonald. 

m. John, second Earl of Dondonald, grand- 
son and heir, married, in 1684, Susanna, daughter 
of William and Anne, Duke and Duchess of Ha- 
nulton ; he died, 16th May, 1690. 

lY. William, third Earl of Dundonald, son and 
heir, died unmarried, 19th November, 1705. 

y. John, fourth Earl of Dundonald, brother 
and heir, married Anne, daughter of Charles Mur- 
ray, second Earl of Dunmore, and by her — ^who 
married, secondly^ Charles, third Marquis of 
Tweedale — ^had issue, a son and three daughters, 
celebrated for their beauty in the poems of Ha- 
milton of Bangour.* 

1. wmiani, fifth EuL 

1. Anne, married, 1728, to Jamet, fifth Duke of Hamil- 
ton and Bnmdon. 

2. Susan, married, first, to Charles Lyon, sixth Earl of 
Strathroore; secondly, 1746, to George Forbes. 

8. Katherine, married to Alexander Stewart, sixth Earl 
of GaUoway. 

The Earl married, secondly, in 1715, Mary, 
Dowager of Henry Somerset, second Duke of 
Beaufort, but had no issue. He died 5th June, 

VI. William, fiflh Earl of Dundonald, son and 
heir, dying unmarried, aged 16, was succeeded in 
his unentailed property by his nephew, James, 
sixth Duke of Hamilton, and in the title and en- 
tailed estate by his cousin and heir-male, 

VU. Thomas, sixth Earl of Dundonald, son of 
William, second grandson of William, first Earl. 
He was bom in 1702, and married Katherine, 
daughter of Lord Basil Hamilton of Baldoon. 
He died on the 28th May, 1737. 

Vin. William, seyenth Earl of Dundonald, 
son and heir, accompanied General Forbes to 
America, 1757, and was killed at the siege of 
Louisburgh. Dying unmarried, 9th July, 1758, 
the title deTolved upon his kinsman and hcir-male, 

IX. Thomas Cochrane, seventh son of AVilliam 
Cochrane of Ochiltree, great-grandson of William, 
first Earl of Dundonald. He thus became eighth 
Eari of Dundonald. He married, first, Elizabeth, 

Bat irho If she, the gen*ral gnxe 
Of sighing crowdB, the world's amaxe, 
>Vho looks forth on the blushing mom 
On mountains of the east new bom ? 
Is it not Cochrane fair? 'Tis she. 
The youngest grace of graces throe. 
The eldest fell to death a prey, 
Ah! snatch'd in early flower away; 
The second, manifold of cliarms. 
Blesses a happy husband's arau; 
The third a blooming fonn remains; 
O'er all, the blameless victor reigns : 
Where'er she gracious deigns to move. 
The pablick praim, the poblick love." 

daughter of James Ker of Momstouu, but by her 
had no surviving issue; secondly, 17-i;4, Jean, 
daughter of Archibald Stuart of Torrence, county 
of Lanark, Esq., and by her, who died 1808, aged 
86, had issue — 

1. Elizabeth, bom 174ft. married 1775, Patrick Heron 
of Heron, Esq. 

1. Archibald, ninth Earl. 

2. Charles, a major in the army, bom 1749, married 
Katherine, daughter of Major l*itcaim of the Marines, 
but by her — who remarried Charles Owen Cambridge 
of Tv^ckenham, Esq. — had no surnving issue. Major 
Cochrane being sent by Hit Henry Clinton with de- 
spatches to Earl ComwKllis, then besieged at York 
Town, 1781, passed undiscovered in a boat through 
the middle of the French fleet, and safely delivered 
them. The Earl, in approbation of his intrepid con- 
duct, appointed him one ot his aides-de-camp ; but in 
a day or two his head was taken ofi* by a cannon ball, 
previous to the surrender of that ill-fated amiy, aged 

• The following spirited, and rather elever letter, writ- 
ten by this brave oflloer, while on service in the American 
war, to his brother Archibald, ninth Earl of Dundonald, 
will be read with interest : — 

'* New Jersey, Bronswlck, 8th March, 1777. 

** Dbab Brotheb, — I regret that I should have allowed 
yon to be the first who has made an apology for tlie si- 
lenoe that has prevailed 'twixt you and me since leaving 
England. I assure you it has very IVequently been in my 
mind the writing to my relations In Scotland, and making 
you my best wisltes, ere now ; and it has not only been 
thought of, but several times attempted. A kind, however, 
of shame for having so long delayed it, Joined to my of late 
unsettled, inoonvenieot life, has occasioned my having un- 
done many of those things which ought to have been done. 
I beg that yon will accept the ^vill for the deed ; and if the 
utmost sincerity can atone for the delay, my conscious 
heart assures me of forgiveness. 

** I, about two montlis ago, received your kind letter in- 
closed by K. It was of a very old date, as indeed are most 
of them that find their way here. >Ve understand that at 
home many of our Arlends make the same complaint. I 
dont know any otlier reawn for it except Uie uncertainty 
of the passage, which muAt be evident, when 1 assure you 
that General Howe, since the 16th of October, has not re- 
ceived any accounts fW>m England, and that is now near 
five months. If he receives accounts so unpunctually, we 
have hardly a right to complain. 

**It gives me much satidkction to see by yours that 
there is almost a finishing stroke of the pick put to all your 
labours, and that there is a near prospect of some retmn. 
You have gambled tolerablv deep, to une a sporting ex- 
pression ; but I now hope, as you have eo long thrown out, 
that yon will now hold in, a good hand. 

*' I thank you for your views or oflTers towards me. Not- 
withstanding Uiat my desires are very strong of one time 
or other eiUoying the sweets of a domestic retirement, yet 
I shall never take any steps, or accept of an ofler that wiU 
encumber, or tend to make me a dead weight on any relap 
tion, especially on one who, I fear, for some years will have 
his own fortune to make. 

** With respect to my profession, I still like it above any 
In the world. I think it, however, an Improper one for a 
person in my circumstances and situation, who has neithw 
friends or a tolerable prospect of preferment before him. 
To speak impartially, what would 1 now have been, had 
I not become a Benedict ?— exactly a lieutenant in the 7th 
regiment, after fifteen years being in the army. That a 
knock on the head should be ten tlionsand times more ac- 
ceptable to one capable of reflection, and any share of am- 
bition, is beyond doubt. Like Orlando, in * As you like it,* 
— not Orlando furioeo, — ^it might be said then : If dead, bat 



8. John, bom 1750, died 1801, having married, 1800» 
Jflas Birch of Pinner, county of Middlesex. 

4. James Atholl in holy orders, born 1761, died 1823, 
having married, Mary, daughter of Simpson. Esq. 

5. Basil, Qit Aochterarder, county of Perth, bom 1768, 
died 1826. 

6. Sir Alexander Forrester Inglis Cochrane, G.C.B., Ad- 
miral of the White, bom 1768, married, 1788, Maria, 
daughter of David Shaw, Esq., and widow of Sir Ja- 
cob Wheate, Bart, Captain R. N., and had issue. He 
took the rank of Lieutenant, 1778, was wounded in 
Lord Rodney's engagement, 1780, made Poet-Captain, 
1782, and promoted to a flag in 1804. In 1806, when 
under Sir J. T. Duckworth, he attacked the French 
squadron of Admiral de Siegler oflT St Domingo, and 
took or destroyed the whole, one of 120 and two of 84 
guns, having his hat blown off by the wind of a can- 
non ball. He received the thanks of the House of 
Commons for the conquest of Martinique, 1809, and 
died 1882. 

7. George Augustus Frederick, Colonel in the army, re- 
thed, bom 26th November, 1762. 

8. Andrew James Cochrane Johnstone, bom 1767, mar- 
ried, first, 1798, Georgiana Amelia Constance Gertrude, 
daughter and heir of the late Baron Le Clugny, Go- 
vernor of Guadaloupe, and widow of M. Raymond 
Godet ; and by the first marriage had Elizabeth, bora 
1795, married William John, firet Lord Napier. 

X. Archibald, ninth Earl of Dundonald, son 
and heir, bom 1748, married, first, 1774, Anne, 
daughter of Captain James Gilchrist, R. N., and 
by her, who died 1784, had issue, 

1. Thomas, tenth EarL 

S. William Ersldne, a Miy)or in the army, and late of 
the 16th Dragoons. 

one killed that should be willing to be so ; ooold do one's 
IHends no wrong, for there was none to lament him ; the 
world no injury, for in it he had nothing— only that a place 
in it was filled up that might be much better supplied when 
It was made empty. Foot Orlando 1 I haye a sympathetio 
feeling ibr him, and might, perhaps, had similar ideas, had 
I not thought fit at times to act for myself. 

** I don't immediately wish to leave the army; I am too 
poor to do that I am well satisfied to try a ten yean fkr- 
ther speU of it ; and wish loould see any chance of getting 
on in it, or Uiat I had friends who would endeavour to pro- 
cure me some snug civil military employment that would 
help to make the ooivjugal pot boil. I know many snoh 
things that would suit me extremely well, and might either 
give rank or the pence, and are Ux fh>m being incmisistent 
with an officer's holding. For instance. Major Maitland 
here has been clerk of the pipes so many golden years, with 
a SAiiABT sauce of £200, that his email pipes are ^most 
turned into a golden drone. Col. Mene has held fifty em- 
ployments these Uaa. years, a score £f which were devised 
on purpose ibr him ; I wish he would sell one of them to 
me for the value of my company. 

** I like no aid-de-campship employments ; tiiey are too 
precarious, and dont last long enough fbr an Old Foggy. 
Rank in the army is a very pretty, pleasing, musical thing, 
with a name and no substance, and does vastly well until 
you are tired of it, which seldom fails, sooner or later, hap- 
pening. A troop of dragoons is a mighty sensible, snug 
sinecure, for iiarticular people. But some of Skene's or 
Maitland's tunes on the pipes is the most insinuating mu- 
sic in the world, played in the duet way, with my present 
a'Company-mcnt. I dare say, among my friends and re- 
lations, there may be one or other that understands com- 
position, and has a soul for music ; they will, I hoiie, be 
able, from the above notes, to get the tune completed in 
time, and have it played for my benefit. But if they are 
discordant, or no compos-ers, in the Gradosa way, I dont 
expect that they will attempt the strain, or any part of 
my above afieotuoso. 

'* Nor shall 1 be a bit discomposed, but must bog leave 

8. Archibald, Captain R. N., dtstingaished himself mder 
his brother, when Lord Cochrane, hi the Mediterranean, 
1801 ; died 1839, having married, 1812, Jane, daugh- 
ter of Arthnr Mowbray, Esq., and had issue, 

1. Anna Jane, bom 28th January, 1818. 
S. Caroline Elizabeth, bom 11th Jane, 1814. 

3. Robert Alexander, bom 18th March, 1816. 

4. Basil Edward Arthur, bom 23d December, 1817. 

5. Archibald Hamilton, bom 2d June, 1819. 

6. Elizabeth Stuart, bom 26th April, 1838. 

He married, secondly, 1788, Isabella, daughter of 
Samuel Ra^rmond of Belchamp, county of EsBex, 
Esq., and widow of John Mayne of Jefibnt-fiwias, 
county of Wilts, Esq. ; she died 1808 ; thirdly, 
1819, Anna Maria, daughter of Francis Plowden, 
Esq., and by her, who died 1822, had issue, 
1. Dorothy, bom March, 1830. 

The Earl, whose life was devoted to scientific pur- 
suits, rather to the injury than the improvements 
of his fortune, is known by various patents and 
publications, particularly^ Treatise on the Inti^ 
mate Connexion between Agriculture and Chemistry^ 
1795 ; he died 1st July, 1831, and was succeeded 
by his son, 

XI. Thomas, tenth and present Earl, better 
known as *Hhe Gallant Lord Cochrane." The 
following account of this nobleman we copy from 
an article in Bentley*8 Miscellany^ entitled. Memoir 
of the Earl of Dundotiald : — 

to hnmbng and amme mjmif with theee manuscripts, and 
feast my thoughts with springs to catcli woodcocks with. 

I have been very holy of late, and made a new beatitude — 

Blessed are they who expect nothing, Ibr they 

Will not be disappointed. 
T believe I have tired you long ago with my rei'ebieb ; if 
not^ nous re-verron. 

'* We have had rather a disagreeable winter of it. Tho 
light in&ntiy, with which corps I am, have been much 
harassed during the winter, and are miserably ill lodged ; 
my whole company, which consists of 53 men, are obliged 
to live in one small room, and I am in a pigeMi-hole, with 

II officers, where we eat, drink, and sleep. I dont believe 
a man of this army, ever since the affair of Tronton, where 
the iktal security of the Hessians brought us into that sad 
scrape, have had their clothes off; for my part, except one 
fortnight, I have not been uncased these ten months. I 
have a Qalloway plaid, which Jack sent me ; this, a blan- 
ket, and a skin of a bear, is my principal baggage and bed. 
It is the healthiest and most agreeable lift in the worid, 
coidd one divest themselves of reflection, and have no eye 
towards futurity, or the main chance. 

**It is with much anxiety that every body expects a 
vessel tnm Britain. We hear a war with France much 
spoken of. In that case, I hope some one will endeavour 
to get me made major to one of the new raised corps. All 
my cotemporaries are so long ago, and I have as much de> 
sire, ambition, and know my business fiill as well as any 
of them. 

*' When you have a few spare moments, yon will oblige 
me much by giving me a few lines, and telling me how all 
goes on. If yon ever see any of my friends, 1 beg that you 
will be so good as giye my best respects to any that are 
pleased to remember me, not forgetting my commanding 
officer, Mrs K. ; and though I have not the honour of yet 
knowing Lady Cochrane, I hope best wishes, and resiiectihl 
compliments of a brother, will not be disagreeable or nn- 
welcomc. Tliat she and you may erjoy every possible 
happiness is the siucereet wish of, dear brother, yours affeo-> 
tionately, Cii. Cocurawe.*' 



**' Thomas Cochrane, Earl of Dundonold, was 
bom in Scotland, December 14, 1775. His fit- 
tber, the ninth Earl of Dnndonald, had passed 
the earlier part of his life in the naral service, 
while his later years were devoted to the pursuit 
of practical science, in which he made many use- 
ful discoyeries. At the early age of eleven, Lord 
Cochrane entered as a midshipman under his unde 
Sir Alexander Cochrane, a gallant and enterprising 
admiral. A tutor was provided for the boy; and 
Uitts, while he rapidly acquired a practical know- 
ledge of seamanship, the higher pursuits of science 
and literature were not neglected. The romantic 
enthusiasm of his character was manifest at a very 
early age, and was evinced in many adventures. 
His age for some time dela}'cd his promotion; but 
his gflJlantry in attacking some French privateers 
and gun boats, in the bay of Algeziras, was so 
appreciated by Lord Keith, that he at once ap- 
pointed him to the command of the Speedy, a sloop 
of eighteen guns. 

In Feburaiy, 1801, he captured the Caroline 
a IVench brig; and in April he took several Span- 
ish xebeques ; but in the May of that year he 
achieved his first great exploit, in the attack and 
capture of the Spanish frigate £1 Jamo, off 
Barcelona. The inequality of force was truly 
alarming; the firigate mounted thirty-two guns, 
twenty of which were long twelve-pounders, and 
she had a crew of three hundred and nineteen 
men. On the other hand, the Speedy had only 
fourteen four-pounders, and her crew amounted 
only to fifly-two men and two boys. But this 
small crew was worthy of being commanded by 
such a captain. No- sooner did Cochrane an- 
nounce his intention of boarding his enemy, than 
men and boys proclaimed themselves ready to 
follow Mm. The surgeon was obliged to take 
the management of the wheel. The very audacity 
of the attempt disconcerted the Spaniards ; they 
made a brie^ spiritless resistance, and then threw 
down their arms. 

Many similar achievements followed. During 
the ten months that Cochrane commanded the 
^)eedy, he captured thirty-three vessels, mounting 
in all 128 guns, and manned by 583 sailors and 
marines. Unfortunately he fell in with a large 
French squadron, commanded by Admiral Linois, 
and was obliged to strike to such a vastly superior 
force. But his captivity did not last long; he 
was liberated on an exchange of prisoners, and 
promoted to the rank of post-captain in La Rai- 
son frigate. 

On the renewal of the war after the peace of 
Amiens, Lord Cochrane was appointed to the 
Arab, and afterwards to the Pallas, of thirty- 
two guns. In her he made several valuable cap- 

tures, particularly Umt of the galleon D Fortuna, 
laden with specie to the amount of 150,000 
crowns. It is highly honourable to the generosity 
of the captors that they returned 10,000 crowns 
to the Spanish captain and crew, as some allevia- 
tion of their misfortune. 

In 1806 Cochrane made a daring and success- 
ful attack on a French squadron in the Garonne, 
a river of most dangerous and difficult naviga- 
tion. He sent a detachment in his boats to cut 
out the corvettes, which were twent}' miles up 
the river, and they succeeded in carrying La Ta- 
paguese, a corvette of fourteen long twelve- 
pounders and ninety-five men, though she lay 
under the protection of two powerful batteries. 
Day dawned as they were bringing her off. Ano- 
ther corvette of larger size gave chase to recover 
the Tapaguese ; but after an hour^s fighting she 
was so roughly handled that she too would have 
fallen into the hands of the English but for the 
rapidity of the tide. During the absence of his 
boats, three ships of the enemy, mounting in all 
sixty-four guns, advanced against Lord Cochrane ; 
but, though so large a portion of his crew was 
absent, he met them half-way, and attacked them 
so vigorously that they were driven on shore, 
where they lay complete wrecks. His next ex- 
ploit was the destruction of the Semaphores on 
the French coast ; then followed the storming of 
a battery ; then a battle with a French frigate of 
vastly superior force, which would have been 
taken, had not two others been sent to her assist- 
ance, and several daring cuttings out of vessels 
in the teeth of forts and batteries. From the 
Pallas Lord Cochrane was transferred to the 
Impcrieuse; and in her, between the Idth of 
December, 1806, and the 7th of January, 1807, 
he took and destroyed fifteen ships of the enemy, 
chiefly laden with wine and provisions. 

Ui^ortunately for his fimie. Lord Cochrane 
wished to add senatorial dignity to his professional 
honours. After a vain attempt in 1805, he was 
retiimed for Honiton in 1806, and subsequently 
became member for the city of Westminster. 
But he did not abandon the naval ser\'ice ; be 
rendered essential service to the cause of Spanish 
independence by a long scries of brilliant exploits 
on the coast of France and Spain. In 1809 he 
performed his last great achievement in the service 
of his country — ^the destruction of the Freftch 
shipping in tlie Basque Roads. Ten ships of the 
line, and some frigates, lay in these roads, pro- 
tected by formidable batteries, and a dangerous 
shoal, which extended between them and the 
English blockading squadron, commanded by 
Admiral Gambler. Lord Cochrane formed a 
bold plan for the destruction of this squadron. 



and communicated it to the Admiral. He was, 
in consequence, sent to join Lord Gambier, and 
under him to take command of the attack which 
he had projected. Fireships and explosion- 
vessels having been prepared, Lord Cochrane, 
with his gallant crew, led the way, and the boom 
by which the enemy was protected was broken 
by the Mediator. The fireships immediately 
rushed through the opening, and were pUoted 
into the midst of the French anchorage, in spite 
of a i^rious cannonade and discharge of shells 
from the batteries. Though some of the ships 
mistook their course, and others exploded too 
soon, the greatest alarm was produced in the 
French fleet. Three ships of the line, and a 
frigate of fifty-six guns, were burned; another 
ship of the line was so injured that she sunk a 
few days after, and seven others were driven on 
shore. The whole loss occasioned to the con- 
querors was only ten men killed and thirty-five 
wounded. For this exploit Lord Cochrane justly 
received the dignity of a Knight of the Bath, an 
honour more rarely accorded then than it is now. 
Lord Gambler had from the very first opposed 
this enterprise, and he was much annoyed that the 
conduct of it was entrusted to Lord Cochrane, a 
stranger to liis squadron. He did not, therefore, 
second the attack as heartily as he should have 
done, and he lost the opportunity of capturing 
and destroying the seven ships that had run a- 
shoire. Lord Cochrane, therefore, expressed his 
determination to oppose the vote of thanks to 
Lord Gambler when it should be proposed in Par- 
liament. As Cochrane was in opposition, and 
Gambler a great favourite with the administration, 
party spirit was mixed with the question, andGam- 
bier demanded a court-martial. After a long in- 
vestigation he was acquitted ; but the vci*dict of the 
court was not ratified by the country. Lord Coch- 
rane was regarded with manifest dislike by the 
ministr}", and he reciprocated the unfiriendly feel- 
ing with interest. Listead of entering into this 
controversy, we shall content ourselves with quot- 
ing the opinion of liCapoleon Buonaparte, whom 
no one can suspect of partiality. — " Cochrane," 
he said, ^^ might and would have taken the whole 
fleets and carried it out with him, had his Admiral 
supported him as he ought to have done. For, 
in consequence'of the signal made by L^ Allemand 
to the ships to do the best in their power to save 
themselves, sauve qui peut^ in fact, they became 
panic struck, and cut their cables. The terror of 
the hrulots (fire-ships) was such that they actually 
threw their powder overboard, so that they could 
have offered very little resistance. The French 
Admiral was an imhecille, but yours was just as 
bad. I assure you that if Cochrane had been sup- 

ported, he would have taken every one of the 

Ministerial vengeance foimd an opportunity to 
vent itself on Lord Cochrane. He was induced 
by Mr Cochrane Johnstone and others to specu- 
late in the fimds. He was unfortunate, and lost 
severely. Some of those with whom he had been 
associated entered into a conspiracy to raise the 
price of stocks by diffiising false intelligence; 
they were detected and brought to trial. Lord 
Cochrane was included in the indictment, for his 
intimate connection with the parties gave reason- 
able ground for suspicion. The case was tried, 
Jime 21st, 1814, before Lord Ellenborough, a 
man of violent passions and prejudices, who too 
o^nen displayed on the bench the fiercest feeling 
of a political partisan. By straining the circum- 
stances of suspicion, his charge established an ap- 
parent inferential case against Lord Cochrane, he 
was found guilty, sentenced to a fine of a thou- 
sand pounds, imprisonment for twelve months, and 
exposure in the pillory. To this the Ministerff 
added expulsion from Uie House of Commons, de- 
privation of his rank in the nav}-, and erasure from 
the list of Knights of the Bath. The whole coun- 
try was indignant at this spiteful harshness. Lord 
Castlercagh, with great reluctance, was forced 
to assure the House of Commons that the ex- 
posure in the pillory would be remitted; and the 
electors of Westminster marked their sense of the 
proceedings by again choosing Lord Cochrane as 
their representative. He paid the fine with & 
thousand pound note, on which he wrote a spirit- 
ed and characteristic protest against the harshness 
with which he had been treated, and this note is 
preserved among the curiosities of the Bank of 
England. Bisabled fi^'om serving his country, Lord 
Cochrane took a part in the war of South American 
independence as Admiral of the fleet equipped 
by the new republic of Chili. Among his many 
heroic exploits in this capacity, there is one so 
graphically described by Captain Basil Hall, that 
we knust make room for the quotation: — 

^ While the liberating army under General San 
Martin was removing to Ancon, Lord Cochrane, 
with part of his squadron, anchored in the outer 
roads of Callao, the port of Lima. The inner har- 
bour was guarded by an extensive system of bat- 
teries, admirably constructed, and bearing the 
general name of the Castle of Callao. The mer- 
chant ships, as well as the men of war, consisting 
at the time of the Esmeralda, a large forty-gun 
frigate, and two sloops of war, were moored under 
the guns of the castle, within a semicircle of four- 
teen gun-boats, and a boom made of spars chained 
together. Lord Cochrane, having previously 
reconnoitred these formidable defences in person. 



undertook, on the 5th of December, 1820, the 
desperate enterprise of cutting out the Spanish 
fiigate, although she was known to be fully pre- 
pared fm* the attack. His lordship proceeded in 
fourteen boats, containing 240 men, all volunteers 
from the squadron, in two divisions, one under the 
immediate orders of Captain Crosbie, the other 
under Captain Guise, both officers commanding 
ships of the Chilian squadron. 

^ At midnight the boats having forced their 
way across the boom, Lord Cochrane, who was 
leading, rowed alongside the first gun-boat, and 
taking the officer by surprise, proposed to him 
with a pistol at his head the alternative of ^silence 
or death;^ no reply was made, the boots pushed on 
nnobserved, and Lord Cochrane, mounting the 
Esmeralda's side, was the first to give the alarm. 
The sentinel on the gangway levelled his piece 
and fired, but was instantly cut down by the cox- 
swain, and his lordship, though wounded in the 
thigh, at the same moment stepped on the deck. 

*■ Thefi^gate being boarded wiUi no less gallantry 
on the opposite side by Captain Guise, who met 
Lord Cochrane midway on the quarter-deck, also 
by Captain Crosbie, the after part of the ship was 
carried sword in hand. The Spaniards rallied on 
the forecastle, where they made a desperate resis- 
tance, till overpowered by afresh body of seamen 
and marines, headed by Lord Cochrane. A gal- 
lant stand was made for some time on the main 
deck ; but before one o'clock the ship was cap- 
tured, her cables cut, and she was steered triumph- 
antly out of the harbour, under the fire of the 
whole north &ce of the castle. The Hyperion, 
an English, and the Macedonian, an American 
firigate, which were at anchor dose to the scene 
of action, got under weigh when the attack com- 
menced; and, in order to prevent their being 
mistaken by the batteries for the Emeralda, 
showed distinguishing signals; but Lord Coch- 
rane, who had foreseen and provided even for 
this minute circumstance, hoisted the same lights 
as the American and English firigates, and thus 
rendered it impossible for the batteries to discri- 
minate between the three ships ; the Emeralda, 
in consequence, was very little injured by the shot 
from the batteries. The Spaniards had upwards 
of one hundred and twenty men killed and 
wounded; the Chilians had only eleven killed 
and thirty wounded/ 

This extraordinary achievement put on end to 
the naval war&re in this part of the world, for 
though the Spaniards had two firigates and several 
other ships in the Pacific, they never ventured to 
appear on a coast where they were likely to meet 
the dreaded Cochrane. His lordship may be 
said to have put an end to the war by the cap- 

ture of Yaldivia, the last post which the Spaniards 
retained in Chili, February 20, 1820. From the 
service of Chili, Lord Cochrane passed into that 
of Brazil, where the Emperor Pedro recognised 
his merits by creating him Marquis of Maranham. 
On the conclusion of peace between Brazil and 
Portugal, he tendered his services to aid in the 
liberation of Greece, which were accepted. Here 
his career was brief and not very glorious, for he 
could not obtain the co-operation and support 
necessary to success. He returned home to Eng- 
land about the close of 1828, and retiring into 
strict privacy, devoted himself to the pursuits of 
practical science and mechanical invention. 

Soon after the accession of William IV., the 
good-hearted sailor-king, who valued the inesti- 
mable qualities of Lord Cochrane, and keenly 
felt the injustice with which he had been treated, 
restored him to his place in the navy ; after which 
his lordship, in the course of promotion, became 
Rear- Admiral. By the death of his father he 
became Earl of Dundonold, but after having 
tasted the charms of privacy, he appears to have 
been unwilling agfun to take an active part in 
public life. His proud spirit never recovered the 
unworthy mortification to which he had been un- 
justly subjected, and he sought restoration to the 
order of the Bath, not for the sake of the title, 
but as the most solemn revocation of the igno- 
miny that had been unfairly attached to his name. 
The case of the brave but ill-used veteran was 
brought under the personal notice of the Sove- 
reign. Queen Victoria thoroughly investigated 
all the proceedings that had occurred before 'she 
was bom, and being convinced that injustice had 
been done, she commanded reparation to be made 
as graciously as the injury had been inflicted 
wantonly and harshly.^* 

The Earl married Eatherine Francis Corbet, 
daughter of Thomas Barnes, county of Essex, Esq., 

and has issue, 

1. Thomas Barnes, Lord Cochrane, in the army, bom 1 4th 
April, 1814, married, December 1, 1847, Louisa, daugh- 
ter ofW. A. Macldnuon, Esq. M. P., and has issue. 

2. Horatio Bernard William, in the army, bom 8th 
March, 1818, married, 29th October, 1844, Frances 
Jacobina, only daughter of Alexander I^icholson, Esq., 
and widow of George James Carnegie, Esq., nephew 
of Wniiam, seventh Earl of Northesk. 

8. Elizabeth Josephine, bom 8th March, 1820, died in 
Pera, in 1821. 

4. Katherine Elizabeth, bom 8th December, 1821, mar- 
ried, 27th February. 1840, John Wallts Fleming, Esq., 
eldest son of John Fleming, Esq. of 8toneham Park, 

fi. Arthur Auckland Leopold Pedro» bom 24th Sept«m- 
ber, 1826. 

6. A son, still-bora, 15th April, 1B29. 

7. Ernest Grey Lambton, born 4th June, 1835. 

Residence — ^The Earls of Dundonald resided 
chiefly at their mansion in Paisley till about the 



middle of the last century, when Cnlross Abbey 
in Fifeshire became their ordinary place of abode. 
Towards the dose of the century, the increasing 
embarrassments of the family, occasioned by the 
unfortunate scientific speculations of the Earl, 
compelled them to part with that fine property, 
as well as most of the others. The present Eiurl 
resides in London. 

Arms — ^Argent, a chevron, gules, between three 
boars^ heads, erased, azure. 

Crest — ^A horse, passant, argent. 

Supporters — ^Two greyhounds, proper, collared, 
and leished, or. 

Motto — ^Yirtute et labore. 


The M^Kcrrells have flourished firom a remote 
period in the shire of A}t. The name Kiriell ap- 
pears on the roll of Battle Abbey ; hence the 
family is presumed to be of Norman descent. 

Kiriell, Kirel, Kirrel, or Kerrell, (as at various 
times spelt), is a surname now very rarely to be 
met with. It is said to exist in Sweden, another 
proof of Normanic origin in Scotland,* where the 
fiunily of Hillhouse alone bears it. 

The first of the name, and the most remote 
now on Scottish record, Sir John M^Kirel, f dis- 
tinguished himself at the celebrated battle of Ot- 
terbum, 19th August, 1388, by wounding and 
capturing Rouel de Percie, who held the second 
command in the English host, and whose brother, 
the renowned Hotspur, was made prisoner by Sir 
John Montgomerie, t (firom whom spring the 
Earls of Eglinton), in the same sanguinary con- 
flict. That this Sir John AI^Kirel was an ancestor 
of the Hillhouse fiimily, the circumstance of the 
latter bearing the arms§ which he acquired by his 

* There is a family of the name of H'Keriie in Dnm- 
fHes-aliire, and seyeral of that name throughout the king- 
dom. In the north of Ireland, the name of M'Garrel is 
firequently to be met with ; but it is not known whether 
either of these two names are of the same origin with the 
fkmily of Hillhouse. 

t Mac or ** Son of;** was a preAxture more peooliar to 

t The death of Sir John Montgomerie's son, Hugh, In 
this bloody raid, has been commemorated in the old and 
popular ballad of CheTy Chaoe : 

Against Sir Hugh Montgomerie 

So straight his shaft he set, 
The grey goose wing tliat was thereon, 
In his heart's blood was wet. 

$ If heraldry may be trusted, and for long after its In- 
stltntion its purity as a science, and its utility still in re- 
storing the severed Ihiks of affinity when broken asunder, 
through loss of documentary evidence, are manifest, the 
arms of this family must have been those of Sir John 
M'Kerel, for they are founded on the Perde coat, which was 
azure, five fbsils in fess, or. The arms of M'Kerrel being, azure, 
three ilisils, gules, on a fess, or, withhi a bordure engrailed 

prowess in that celebrated battle, aj^iean oonchi- 
aive, although a chasm of nearly two centuriee 
occurs in the pedigree. 

The following is Froissart^s account of the bat- 
tle of Otterboum, and the mention of M^Kirel : 

*' De touts les besognes, batailles et rencontres 
qui sont cy dessous en ceste histoire (dont ie 
traitte et ay traitt^) grandes, moyennes petites, 
ceste cy, dont ie parle pour le present, en fiit 
Pune des plus dures, et des nueux combattuee sana 
feintise, car il n'y auoit homme, chevalier n'escn- 
yer qui ne s'acquittast et fit son devoir, et tout 
main a main. Cette battaille fut quan pareille a 
la bataille de Becherel : car aussi elle fut moult 
bien combattue e longuement. Les enfimts au 
Compte de Northomberllande, Messire Henry et 
Messire Raeul de Persy (qui \k estoient souerainea 
capitaines) s^acquitterent lo}'aument par bien com- 
battre : et quasi pareil party, que celui, par qui 
le Comte de Douglas fiit arrestd, auint et chent a 
Messire Raoul de Persy; car il se bouta si anant 
entre ses ennemis, qu*il fiit enclos, et durement 
naur^, mis a la grossc haleine, pris et fiano^ d*nn 
Chevalier, lequel estoit de la charge et du menie 
hostel de Moray, et Tappcloit on Jehan MakireL 
En le prenant et fian9ant, le Cheualier Esco^ois 
demanda a Messire Raoul de Persy, qui Testoitf 
(car il estoit si muiet que point ne le cognoissort)' 
et Messire Raoul (qui estoit si outr6 que plus ne 
pouuait, et luy couloit le sang tout aual, qui Taf- 
foiblissoit) luy dit ; je sub Messire Raoul de Persy. 
Adonc dit FEsco^ois, Messire Raoul recoux ou 
non recoux, ie vous fiance mon prisonnier. Je 
suis MakireL Bien dit Messire Raoul, je le veieil, 
mais entcndez a mois, car ie suis trop durement 
naur5, et mes chausses et mes greues sont \h toutes 
emplies de sang. A ces mots estoit le cheualiere 
Esco^ois entcntif, quand delez luy il ou}i; crier 
Moray et au compte: et recit le compte et sa 
banniere droit deiez a luy. Si luy dit Messire 
Jchan Makirel, Monseigneur, tenez. Je vous 
bailie Messire Raoul de Persy pour prisonnier ; 
mais faites entendre a luy, car il est durement 
naur6. Le Comte de Moray de ceste parole fiit 
r^iouy moult grandement : et dit, Makirel, tu aa 
bien gagnd les esperons. Adonc fit il venir ses 
gens, et leua charger Messire Raoul de Persy: 
lesqucls luy banderent et etancherent ces playes. 
Si se tanoit la bataille fort et dure et ne sauoit on 

for distinction, leaving no question but that in consequence 
of the capture of Percie, this fonned one of those cases de- 
scribed by heralds of arms by conquest : for as M*Kerrd 
was then a knight, (chevalier in Floissart), and no honour 
or reward being recorded of him, it follows that tliis aug- 
mentation to, or grant of arms, was his reward ; and their 
inheritage, coupled with Froissart's record, is the best of all 
prooft of the descent of the present family of Hillhouse ttom 
Sir John, and also of the c(MTeotness of one part of the tra- 
dition above. — ^Bubke's Commoners. 



encores lesquels en auroient le meilleur ; car ie 
YOU8 dy qu'il y cut lit plusieurs prises et rdcousses 
fiutes, qui toutes ne vindrent pas a cognaissance." 

The tradition from sire to son bears that they 
came out of Ireland,* and itxarries back the pos- 
session of the estate of Hillhouse full five hundred 
yeazs, to the glorious era of Robert the Bruce — 
a period when vast changes occurred in the pro- 
prietary of the soil, and when the chie& of nume- 
rous houses, still in a high state of prosperity, were 
endowed by that illustrious prince. This tradi- 
tion, however, must be taken with caution. The 
forty-shilling land of Hillhouse does not appear 
to have existed as an independent property in the 
days of Bruce. It, of course, formed part of the 
lai^ tract of country belonging to the High 
Steward, and was amongst the lands granted by 
the Crown to the Cathcart &mily, of which a re- 
newed charter was obtained in 1505. t If the 
M^Kerrells were in possesnon of Hillhouse at this 
period, it must have been as tenants or vassals of 
the Cathcarts. 

The first of the name, so far as we have dis- 
oovered, in connection with the property, was — 

L William M^Kerrel of Hillhouse, who mar- 
ried, about 1570, Margaret, { daughter of John 
Fnllerton of Dreghom, by Helen, daughter of Sir 
John Ohalmera q£ Gadgirth. This lady died in 
1612. From her latter-wiU, it would appear that 
M^Keirell of Hillhouse was Sheriff-clerk of Ayr. 
The substance of this document is as follows : — 

*'*' Testament, &&, and Inuentar of the guids, 
&c qlk. perteinit to vmqle. Margaret FuUertoune, 
spous to Wm. M^Kerrell of Hillhouse, Sheriff- 
elark of Air,§ within the parochin of Air, the 
tyme of his deceis, Quha deceist vpone the saxt 
day of September, the zeir of Grod 1612 zeiris, 
ffiitfullie maid and gevin vp be the said Wm. in 
name and behalf of Jeane and Margaret M^Ker- 
rells, lautfull baimes to the defunct, executouris 
datives, dewlie decemit, to her guids and geir, be 
decreit of the Commissour of Glasgow, the nynt 
day of August, 1617. 


Item, the said vmqle. Margaret and her said 

* The advent of the tsmWj fh)m Ireland does not mlll- 
tste AgaiiMt their supposed Norman origin, if the swarm 
of Anglo-Norman adventurers who Joined the Mumer of 
Earl Strongbow, and invaded that countiy in 1170, be 
takfen into consideration. 

t John, second Lord Cathcart, 1605, had a charter of 
Coljnaae, Hilhooae, and Holmyss, in Ayrshire, in the hands 
of the King, by reason of forfeiture, for the alieuation of the 
greater part of the same by Alan, Lord Cathcart, his grand- 
Ikthcr, without consent of the King, kc — Wood's Peer- 
age, i. 340. 

X In Robertson's * Ayrshire Families,' and Burke's ' Com- 
moners,' the name is erroneously stated to have been Eliza- 

9 He is mentioned in various legal documents as SherilT- 
deric of Ayr, fhxn 1608 till the date of this testament. 

VOL. H, 

Spous, had the tyme foirsaid perteining to thame 
. . . the guids and geir vnderwrittin . . . 
vi2. ane dussane of sylwir spoynes, pryce thereof 
xlviii lib. ; ane sylwir peice of aucht vnce wecht, 
or thereby, pryce thereof xxvilib. xiiis. iiiid. ; 
ane sylwir goblat of sevin vnce wecht, or thereby, 

pryce thereof xxiiilib. vis. viiid Item, 

in gold and sylwir lyand attoure that quhilk fiir- 
neissit the hous to the nixt terme, xxxUb. Item, 
the Insicht of the said Wm. his hous, with the 
abnilzement of hir bodie, with ane gold cheinrie 
and taiblet, and thrie litle wowp ringis, estimat to 

William M^Kerrell of Hillhouse survived till 
1629. His name occurs in various documents pre- 
vious to that year. He died at Hillhouse in the 
month of October. His testament was ^^ffiiyt- 
fiillie maid and gevin vp be Mr WiUiame M^Ker- 
rell, eldest lautfuU sone to the defunct, and exe- 
cutour dative,^* &c. From these documents it 
would appear that he had more sons than his heir, 
and two dau^ters, Jean and Margaret. He was 
succeeded by his son, 

n. Magister William M^Eerrel of Hillhouse, 
who appears in the retour, dated 1630, as pro* 
prietor of several lands in the parish of Dun- 
donald, and of Knock Grali, in the parish of 
Ochiltree. Robertson puts this Mr William as 
grandson of the previous proprietor of Hillhouse, 
and Buike follows him ; but they are both cer- 
tunly in error.* From the title ^^ Magister, ^' he 
appears to have been brought up to one of the 
learned professions. *^Mr Wm. M^Eerrell of 
Hillhous " occurs as a debtor in the testament of 
^^ A dame Coninghame, elder, merchand, burges 
of Irwein,''' who died November, 1635. In 1636 
he is retoured heur to his father in the fifty shilling 
land of Goldring (now Rosemount), and ^^ a little 
piece of land called the Kemnock land/* He was 
succeeded by his son, 

in. William M^Kerrell of Hillhouse, whose 
retour is dated in 1643, and who, in 1659, was 
succeeded by his brother, 

IV. John M^Kerrell of Hillhouse, who married 
about the year 1670, Elizabeth Wallace, daughter 
of the Bishop of the Isles. Their initials are en- 
graved on the lintel of the garden-door at Hill- 
house, having been removed from the old house, 
when taken down about fifty years ago. Amongst 
the Boyd, papera, there is a bond, dated 1666, to 
John M^Kerrell of Hillhouse, in name and in be- 
half of his lawful children, Robert and Anna 
M^Kerrell, for certain moneys advanced in their 
name by Lord Kilmarnock. John M^Kerrell 
had thus, in all likelihood, been twice married, 

* In the retour, he is styled heir of William M'Kerrell of 




Robert and Anna being children of the first 
union. Among the Cochrane papers there is a 
discharge, dated 1675, by Elizabeth Wallace, re- 
lict of vmqle. John M^Kerrell of Hilhous, tutrix 
testamentar to Jeane and Elizabeth M^Kerrell *^ 
her daughters, to the Earl of Dundonald for a 
year's interest on three thousand merks lent upon 
a bond belonging to her children. WUliam Ful- 
lartoun of that Bk, and Robert M^Kerrcll, mer- 
chant in Irvine, were the guardians appointed in 
the testament. John M^Kerrell had thus died 
before 1675. He was succeeded by his son, 

v. John M^Kerrell of Hillhouse, who wedded 
Elizabeth, daughter of William Fairlie of Fairlie, 
by his wife, Jane, only daughter of the last Sir 
William Mure of Rowallan,* and had issue, 

1. William. 

2. J(^m. 

1. Jean. 

2. £liza])eth. 

He was succeeded by his eldest son, 

VI. WUliara M'KerreU of Hillhouse. This 
laird married Mary Vaux, of French extraction, 
whose family sought refuge in this country from 
the persecution which followed the revocation of 
the edict of Nantes. Her father was in holy or- 
ders, and one of the canons of St Paul's cathedral. 
By this lady he had William and John, with a 
daughter, Elizabeth. In 1713, William M'Ker- 
rell of Hillhouse petitioned the Sheriff of Ayr, to 
order the Earl of Kilmarnock to deliver up cer- 
tiun bonds for five thousand merks lent upon heri- 
table bond by his grandfather to M^Kerrell's 
grand&ther, most of which had been paid up dur- 
ing the Earl's minority, f William M'Kerrell 
died before 1728, in which year he is mentioned 
in the Ayr Presbytery records as " the deceased 
William M'Korrell of Hillhouse." He was suc- 
ceeded by his elder son, 

yU. William M^Kerrel of Hillhouse, at whose 
decease, unmarried, the estates devolved on his 

Vni. John M*Kerrel of Hillhouse, who mar- 
ried Margaret, sister of the late William Fulton, 
Esq. of Park, in the county of Renfrew, and had 


1. William, his heir. 

2. John, married, fint, Miss ITervey, of Edinbnrgh, and had 

1. John, married Anna, daughter of Herisert Buch- 
anan, Esq. of Arden. John died in 1881, and left 
one daughttf. 

2. Alexander, died in 1827. 

8. William, married his cousin, daughter of John 
Edward Wright, Esq. of Bolton on Swale. 

* The Mures of Rowallan were of great antiquity and 
consideration in the sliire of Ayr, and were distinguished 
by their alliance with the royal family of Scotland, through 
the marriage of King Kobert II. (the first of the Stuart 
dynasty), with Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Adam Mure of 
Rowallan, when residing at his castle of Dundmiald, in 

t Boyd Papers. 

He wedded, secondly, Helen Stuart, niece of Bobert Mor- 
ris, Esq. of Craig, and had a fourth son, Archibald. 

8. Robert, who married Miss Bhultz of Frankfort, and 
had one son and two daughters, viz, 

1. Kobert, married Emily, daughter of Major-Gen. 

Stavely, C.B., and has issue. 
1. Margaret. 

S. Augusta Jane, manled to Coont Scgwe^ the 
French charge d'afiaires at Palermo. 
4. Fulton, married, first, to hfs cousin-german, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Fulton of Uartfield, bat had no issue. He 
wedded, secondly, Mary, daughter of James M'Call, 
Esq. of Brachead, and had three daughters, Sarah, 
Margaret, and Mary. 

1. Margaret, married to the late Moses CrawAnd, Esq 
of Newfield, and had issue. 

2. Mary, died in 1U4U. 
8. Elizabeth, married to Ck>lonel John Rdd, of the Hon. 

East India service, and died, leaving a daughter, EUi- 
zabeth 3I'Kerrell Beid, who wedded Jame* Campbell, 
Esq. of 'I'rccsbanks. 
4. Jane, married to her ooudn, Robert Fnlton of Hart- 
field, late Lieut.-Colonel of the 78th Foot, with which 
regiment he served in Egypt and the Peninsula ; she 
has issue, 

1 . Robert Fulton, Captain in the 79th r^ment, died 

in 188ft. 
S. John Fulton, Lieutenant in the East India Com- 
pany's service. 
8. William Fulton, a captain in 16th foot 
1. Jane Fulton, nuuried to her cousin, John Buch- 
anan, Esq. 
6. Marion, nuuried to the late James Kibble, Esq. of 
Wliittford and Greenlaw House, in the county of Ren- 
frew, and had one son, Robert Kibble, who died in 1848. 
6. Agnes, married to John-Edward Wright, Esq. of 
Bolton-on- Swale. 

Mr M^KciTell died in 1811, aged seventy-nine, 

and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

IX. William M'Kerrell of Hillhouse, who mar- 
ried, first. Miss Reid, sister of Uie late Bobert 
Reid, Esq. of Adamton, but had no issue. He 
wedded, secondly, Miss Govane, daughter of Bo- 
bert Grovane of Anderstone, by whom he had five 
sons and four daughters, viz. 

1. John, his heir. 

2. Robert, died in India. 
8. William, died yonng. 

4. Henry, of whom hereafter. 
6. James, died in 1888. 

1. Janet, died 1841. 

2. Margaret, married MiOor John Crawford, late of the 
44th regiment. 

8. Anne, married to James Brown, Esq., and had issue; 

died in 1888. 
4. Bfary, died 1887. 

Tliis gentleman, who had the honour of raising, 

at Paisley, the first volunteer corps embodied in 

Scotland during the French revolutionary war, 

died in 1820, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

X. «fohn M*Kerrell, who went in early life to 
India, in the Civil Service of the East India Com- 
pany. He filled several important offices in India, 
and for nine years previous to his return, that of 
Master of the Mint at Madras. He died unmar- 
ried, in 1885, and was succeeded by his brother, 

XI. Heniy M^KerreU of Hillhouse, formerly a 
merchant in Liverpool. He married Margaret 
Cochrane, daughter of John Faterson, Esq. Edin- 




Arms — ^Azure, three fusils, gules, on a fess, or, 
witlun a bordure engrailed. 

Crest — ^An ancient warrior in annour, with a 
shield and spear, a star over the point -of the 

Motto — ^Dulcis pro patrift labor. 

Seat — ^Hillhouse, four miles south of Irvine. 


Shewalton House, a modem erection, is situated 
on the left banks of the water of Irvine, about 
two miles eastward of the town of Irvine. The 
old manor place, which latterly became ruinous 
and uninhabitable, was one of those square towers 
of former times, adapted more for security than 
convenience. The situation is pleasant, and has 
been much improved by plantation. 

The FuUartons of Fullarton were the overlords 
of this property. At what time it became pos- 
sessed by a branch of the Wallaces is uncertain. 
Hie first of them known is, 

I. Lambkbt Wallac£ of Sewalton, who, in a 
letter of reversion, 20th May, 1473, binds himself 
to resicm a rent of £3 out of the lands of Scwal- 
ton to his Lord, John dc Fullarton of that Ilk, on 
getting payment of £60. Between him and the 
next known possessor, a period of fifty years 

U. Edward Wallace of Sewalton, who appears 
to have had some transaction with John Fullar- 
ton of that Hk, in reference to tlie lands of Shew- 
alton, on the 17th December, 1543. There was 
an Edward Wallace concerned in the purchase of 
the lands of Marress from the same party, on the 
8th February, 1566; but whether he was the same 
Edward, it is impossible to determine. There is 
a John Wallace, ** fear of Sewalton," mentioned 
in a legal document in 1583, and — 

m. Edward Wallace of Shewalton is thus men- 
tioned in 1586: June 20.— "This day Eduart 
Wallace of Sewaltoun comperit personall within 
the said paroche kirk " (of Ayr), &c. In another 
similar document, of date September 6, 1595, the 
following occurs : " The rycht honorabell William 
Wallace, tutour of Scwjiltoun,"t and fc*Helene 
Dunbar, his spous,'^ obtain renunciation and dis- 
charge of certain debts over a tenement in Air. 
Edward Wallace had thus died, leaving his heir 
in nonage. He was succeeded, at all events, by — 

rV. Edward Wallace, who, in 1605, is styled 
** Edwart Wallace of Sewaltoun,^' in a testamen- 

• FnllartOD Writs. 

t The tator, as appears from, a testamentary document, 
had a eon called Edward. 

tary deed of that date. The same mmie occurs 
in several other similar documents at a later pe- 
riod. He appears to have maiTied Marjorie Dum- 
bar, who died in July, 1614. In her latter-will 
she is styled " Maijorie Dumbar, spous to Edward 
Wallace of Sewaltoun." The inventory was made 
and given up ^^ be said Edward, in name and be- 
half of Kobt., Edward, John, Agnes, Jeane, and 
Helein Wallaces, baimes lawtfull to the deid." 
Amongst the debts owing by the deceased, were 
£226 to ^^ Mareoun Wallace, sister to the said 
Edward." Edward Wallace seems to have died 
very soon after the demise of his spouse. 

V. David Wallace of Sewaltoune is mentioned 
in the testament of William L}ii in Sewaltoun, in 
1615. *^ Jonet Feiblis, Ladie Sewaltoun," occurs 
in the latter-will of James Porter in Sewaltoun, 
the same year. She was perhaps a daughter of 
John Peblis, Provost of L'vine. David Wallace 
was probably succeeded by a younger brother, of 
nonage at the time. At least there is a ^^ Mar- 
grat Wallace, dochter to Wm. Wallace, tutor of 
Sewaltonne,"* mentioned in a testamentary docu- 
ment, in 1619. The next found in possession is, 

VI. " Edwanl Wallace of Sewaltoune, heir to 
Edward Wallace of Sewaltoun, Proaviy'* (his 
grandfather), served heir 25th March, 1624 : 
Also, at the same time, to *^ Edward Wallace of 
Sewaltoun, Pa/rt5," (his father). Robertson states 
that this Edward Wallace " was, on his own re- 
signation, succeeded by his son," William, This 
would appear to be correct from the inventory' of 
writs in the possession of the present family of 
Shewalton, in which there is a charter, dated in 
1627, " Edward Wallace of Sewaltoun, &c., who 
resigns these lands to his son, William." Not- 
withstanding, we find, in 1628, " Edward Wal- 
lace of Sewaltoun," and " Wm. Wallace, zounger 
in Sewalton," mentioned in a testamentary docu- 
ment of that date ; and again, in 1630, 1633, and 
1634. This may he explained, however, by the 
fact, that in cases of resignation, the father was 
generally styled by the property, though virtually 
in the possession of the son. He appears to have 
died in 1649, at least there is the testament re- 
corded of " Edward Wallace, elder of Sewaltoun," 
who died in that year, ^^ maid and gevin up be 
Mr Dauid ConjTighame, lait minister of Ferstone, 
burges of Irvine, lautfull creditor to the defunct." 
We shall therefore assume that — 

Vn. William Wallace was in possession. He 
was, according to Robertson, married to Marga- 
ret Scott, daughter of Lawi-ence Scott, whom he 
conjectures to have been of the ancient family of 

« A 3IargarGt Wallace, of the house of Shewalton, was 
the second wife of George Montgomery, second of Broom> 



Scott of Scotts-Loch, by Irvine. He " Boon after- 
wards," he adds, *•'' resigns these lands to his son," 
Vin. Edward Wallace of Sewaltoun. The 
deed of resignation is dated 1633, and registered 
in 1654. In 1634, he is mentioned as tenant of 
Knadger-hiU, Irvine, in a testamentary document. 
He married Janet Porter, only child of William 
Porter, merchant in Edinburgh. The marriage 
contract is dated 16th May, 1646. He had at 
least four sons: 1. William; 2. /oAn, * who, in 
1672, is served heir of provision to his father, Ed- 
ward Wallace of Sewaltoun, in the £2 land of 
Whitehill ; 3. Lawrence ; 4. Robert^ both design- 
ed, in the inventory of writs, merchants in Irvine, 
and brothers of William Wallace of Sewaltoun ; 
also a daughter. He was probably twice married. 
In an obligation on the part of John Hamilton of 
Inchgothi^c, in 1670, to shut up a back gate 
leading to the Old Church of Ayr, Edward Wallace 
of Shewalton is mentioned as the first husband of 
Eli2aibeth More, then married to Major John Ful- 
larton. f Edward Wallace of Shewalton was ap- 
pointed, by Parliament, in 1649, one of the Com- 
mittee of Defence in the shire of Ayr. He was 
succeeded by his eldest son, 

IX. William Wallace of Sewaltoun. He was 
served heir to his father, Edward, in these lands 
in 1670 ; and in the same year, married Mary, or 
Maria Boyle, only daughter of David Boyle of 
Halkshill and Dame Grizel Boyle of Kelbum, as 
appears firom the marriage contract, dated 15th 
April, 1670. He and his father appear to have 
been involved in considerable pecuniary difficul- 
ties, as may be inferred from the several heavy 
sums that were firom time to time borrowed firom 
the lairds of Kelbum, Hunterstoun, and Smith- 
stoun, and others, all recorded in the inventory 
already mentioned. The last of these that ap- 
pear is dated 10th September, 1694, and he could 
not have lived long after that time, for his son, 

X. Edward Wallace, who succeeded, is de- 
signed laird of Shewalton in a bond, dated the 
8th of January, 1698, to David Boyle, laird of 
Eelbume, for the sum of £1136, 3s. 6d. Scots, in 
all probability, from the fractional parts of the 
sum, the bygone interest on his &ther^s bonds. 
The laird of Shewalton is mentioned in the records 
of Parliament, as being on the Committee of De- 
fence in 1696. The different estates of Shewal- 
ton, Waxford, and Marress, appear to have all 
remained in the family till they were sold by this 
Edward, the last of the Wallaces, { to William 

• In 1675, John Wallaee, son of Edward Wallace of 
Shewalton, resigna the tenements witliin the yards com- 
manly called Craigie House, and lands of WhitehUl, in fkvoor 
d Sir Thomas Wallace of Craigie. 

t Town Records of Ayr. 

X Edward Wallace of Shewalton, notwithstanding, con- 

Boyle, Esq., brother of David, first Earl of Glas- 
gow, and one of the Commissioners of Customs- 
in Scotland. The contract of sale is dated 15th 
February, 1715,* and all these properties remain 
in a branch of the Glasgow family to the present 
day. The Waxford property had been acquired 
by Edward Walkce of Shewalton in 1565. 


I. The Hon. Patrick Botle, third son of 
John, second Earl of Glasgow, by Helen, his wife, 
daughter of William Morrison, Esq. of Preston 
Grange, county of Haddington, married, first, 
Agnes, daughter of William More of Caldwell, 
Esq., by whom (who died in 1758) he had iko 
issue; and, secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Alex- 
ander Dunlop, Professor of Greek in the Univer- 
sity of Glasgow, by whom he had (with other 
children who died unmarried) 

1. John, his heir. 

3. David, now of Shewalton. 

I. Helen, married, in 1795, to Thomaa Mure, Eeq. of 
Warriston, and died In 1805. 

3. Elizabeth, married, in 1800, to Rear-AdmlralJohii 
Roaett Smollett of Bonhill and Anchindonan, oomty 
of Dumbarton, who died 6th May, 1843. 

Mr Boyle died in 1798, and was succeeded by his 


II. John Boyle of Shewalton, Colonel of the 
Ayrshire Local Milifia, who died unmaried, 30th 
January, 1837, and was succeeded by his brother, 

m. The Right Hon. David Boyle of Shewal- 
ton, Lord Justice-Grcneral, and President of the 
Court of Session, bom 26th July, 1772; married, 
first, 24th December, 1804, Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of the late Alexander Montgomerie, 
Esq. of Annick Lodge, brother of Hugh, twelfth 
Earl of Eglinton, and had by her, 

1. Patrick, a member of the Facolty of AdToeates, Prin- 
cipal Clerk of the High Court of Justiciary, ]i.A^ a 
Justice of the Peace, and Commissioner of Supply ftr 
Ayrshire, bom a 9th March, 1806, married, 17th Au- 
gust, 1880, Mary Frances, second daughter of Sir Bo- 
bert Dalrymple Horn Elphhistone, Bart, of Horn and 
Logie Elphinstone, and has issue, 
1. David, bom in 1888. 
3. Robert Elphinstone, bom in 1887. 

8. Alexander James, bom In 1842. 

1. Elizabeth Magdalene Gnome. 

9. Louisa Laura. 
8. Mary Helen. 

9. Alexander, Commander R.N., bom 0th March, 1810. 
8. John, bom 9th September, 1819. 

tinued to fill his place among the Conmiissionen of Supply 
for the county of Ayr. He was one of the most regular 
attenders, and his name occurs In the sedemnts so late at 

• William Wallace, *« a brother of Shewalton V appeafs 
in the Ayr Presbytery reoordB, 19th December, 1 733. Hit 
wift, Margaret Kennedy, had twins beftnre maniage. Ha 
was then in Kirkcudbright 



4. WIUlBin, Lieataumt 15th Foot, bora 2ftth January, 

6. Archibald Thomas, bora 14th April, 1822. 

1. Elizabeth, married, in 1828, to James Hope, Esq. 
third eon of the Right Hon. Charles Hope. 

2. Helen, married, in 1829, to the late Sir Charles Dal- 
rymple Ferguisson of Kilkerran, Bart 

8. Hamilla Augusta. 
4. Eleanora Charlotte. 

Mr Boyle married, secondly, 17th July, 1827, 
Camilla Catherine, eldest daughter of the late 
Hon. David Smythe of Methven Castle, Perth- 
shire, a judge of the Court of Session, and has 
by her, 

1. Geovge David, bom 17th Hay, 18S8. 

2. Robert, born 2d December, 1880. 

8. Henry Dundas, bora let Febnuuy, 1883. 
1. Amelia Lamra. 

Arms — Quarterly: 1st and 4th, or, an eagle, 
displayed, with two heads, gules; 2d and 3d, per 
bend, embattled, argent and gules ; over all, an 
escutcheon, or, charged with three stags* horns, 
erect, gules, two and one. 

Cregt — ^An eagle, di8|)layed, with two heads, 
per pale, embattled, argent and gules. 

MoUo — Dominus providebit. 

Seat — Skewalton. 


In the appendix to Nisbet^ vol. ii., this family 
is stated *^ to be come off that of Caprington," 
and Robertson supposes the statement to be likely, 
" firom the circumstance of the first of them, for 
three generations in succession, being of the name 
of Adam.'" A manuscript genealogy-, written 
about 1704, says, however, that Alexander, Earl 
of Glencaim, the Great Reformer, had a natural 
son by a daughter of Lord Sempill, and that this 
natural son was the ancestor of the House of Col- 
lellan. Be this as it may, the family seems to 
have been related to the Cuninghames of Caddell, 
who were a branch of the Cuninghames of Glen- 
gamock. The first of them on record was, 

L ADABfE CuNiNOHAME of Clol^-naue, who 
lived during the latter half of the sixteenth cen- 
tury. He married a daughter of John Mure of 
Rowallan. His successor is mentioned as — 

II. Adame Cuninghame, son of the late Adame 
Cuninghame of Clolynnane and Jeane Mure, in 
1589-90. He was retoured heir to his father, 
2l8t October, 1600. Adame Cwnynghame of 
dolynnan occurs in the testament of " Agnes 
Cwnynghame, spous to Wm. Cwnynghame of 
Clonbeith," who died in 1612. The property had 
probably been acquired by his father from the 
Cathcart fiunily, in whose possession it was in 
1M8. He WIS succeeded by his son. 

lU. Adam Cuninghame of Collellan, whose 
retour, as heir to his father, is dated in 1623. 
The next in succession appears to have been, 

IV. Alexander Cuninghame of Collellan, who 
has a charter in favour of himself and Margaret 
Cuninghame, his spouse, dated 15th December, 
1 68 1 . * ^ Alexander Cvynghame of Cullcllane " is 
mentioned as one of the ^^ kinsmen and freindis ^' 
in the latter-will of " Adame Cvninghame, elder, 
merchand, burgess of Irwein," in 1635. " Mar- 
garet Conynghame, Lady Clol^^ano, elder, and 
Con^iighame, hir baime," appear as 
creditors in the testament of James Thomesone, 
merchant, Irvine," in 1646, firom which it may be 
inferred that her husband, Alexander Cuning- 
hame, had been previously deceased. This is con- 
firmed by the following extract from the Com- 
missary Records of Glasgow : — 

** Omissa Conynghame. We (the Commissa- 
ries), Be the tenour heirof, of new againe ratifie, 
approve, and confirme the saidis Margaret Con- 
ynghame, relict of umqle. Alex. Conynghame 
of CulleUane, Johne Conynghame of Caddell, 
Johne Con^'nghame of Baidlen, principall exe- 
cutoris, &c., nominat, &c., to the said mnqle. 
Alex. Conynghame, in and to the sowme of 
ffour hundreth merks, &c., adebtit and awand be 
umqle. Rot. Conynghame of Cassiltone, baillie of 
KUmairis,'* &c., 1653. 

Robertson supposes that this laird of Collellan 
had been twice married, because he finds amongst 
the Fullarton writs a charter firom the Earl of 
Dundonald, in favour of Alexander Cuninghame 
of Collellan and his spouse, Catherine Brown, 
dated 18th December, 1635. But this must have 
been his successor, the Alexander Cuninghame of 
Collellan, younger^ whom he also finds mentioned. 

y. Alexander Conynghame of Collellane is 
mentioned in a testamentary document in 1652. 
He married Katherine Broune, daughter of 
Broune of Mott. He died in August, 1660. 
In the ^* Inventar," in his testament, occurs the 
following : ^* Item, nyne beeskeps (attour the 
airschip on), the most part of them being of the 
third cast, pryce of them all xxlib." 

" Latter-wiU and Legade. — I, Alex. Coning- 
hame of Collellane, being for the present seik and 
disseasit in body, &c., have thought good to mak 
and sett doun this my testament and latter- will 
as follows: Haveing heirtofor maid bondis and 
provisions in favouris of my childrein, who ar as 
zit vnforisfamiliat, To wit, and the first, I mak and 
constitute Katherine Broune, my lawful! spous, 
to be my only executrix of all my haill guids and 
geir, &c. ; and I do heirby mak and constitute 
Johne Coninghame of Caddell, John Coninghamc 
of Baidland, Mr Johne Coninghame, minister at 



Cumnock, Robert Broune of Mott, Hew Coning- 
hame, kit baiUie of Irving, Mr WUliam Coning- 
hame, minister of Kilbr^'^d, to be tutoris testa- 
menters to Robert^ Alexander^ William, Eupham^ 
Beatrix, and Jonet Coninghams, my lawful! chil- 
drein : And I doe nominat John Coninghame of 
Caddell, John Coninghame of Bedland, elder and 
zounger, Rot. Broune of Mott, Wm. Monfod of 
that nk, Mr Jon. Coninghame, minister at Cum- 
nock, Hew Coninghame, lait baillie of Irving, 
and Mr Wm. Coninghame, minister at Kilbr^'d, 
to be oversiers to my childrein, to be helpfull to 
them and remanent of my childrein who ar zit 
vnforisfannliate," &c. 

VI. Robert Cuuinghame of Collellan was re- 
toured heir to Alexander Cuninghame of Collel- 
lan, his father, in 1669. La 1674, he sold the 
lands of Collellan, under reversion, to Alexander 
Cuninghame, son to the deceased William Cun- 
inghame of Clonbeith. He appears to have died 
before 1684, in which year there is a decreet 
against the heirs of Alexander Cuninghame of 
Collellan, deceisit, Alexander, younger of Collel- 
lan, and Robert Cuninghame, the son of the 
younger Alexander, to enter heirs in special to 
them, at the instance of Adam Fullarton of Bar- 
tonholme. Robert thas died without leaving any 
male issue. In 1691, Adam Fullarton had a dis- 
position and assignation of the said lands, granted 
by the heirs portioners of the saids Alexanders 
Cuninghame, father and son, and Robert, the 
grandson, all of 'Collellan, to the said Adam Ful- 

The line of descent of the Cuninghames of Col- 
lellan now underwent a complete change. 

VII. John Cuninghame of Collellan, heir to 
Alexander Cuninghame, his father, and probably 
grandson of William of Clonbeith,* to which 
Alexander the lands of Collellan were sold under 
reversion by Robert Cuninghame of Collellan, in 
1674, had a precept of clare constat, dated 1st 
December, 1699, for infefting him in half of the 
lands of Collellan, by Adam Fullarton. He was 
succeeded by — 

VIII. Alexander Cuninghame of Collellan, 
who, along with John Mure, represented the 
burgh of A)T in 1698 and 1700. He was most 
likely a brother of his predecessor. In 1704, 
Alexander Cuninghame of Collellan was appoint- 
ed a Commissioner of Supply for the county of 
A}T. He married, 17th Apiil, 1686, at Paisley, 
Margaret Walkinshaw, as appears from a private 
record on the blank leaf of the family Bible. 
They had a numerous family, of whom only two 

• Tho Clonbeith Cuninghames were descended fix>m the 
Aiket family. 

reached mature years, James, his successor, and 
Elizabeth, married, first to Robert Montgomerie 
of Broomlands, and, secondly, to Provost Glas- 
gow of Irvine, by neither of whom had she iasue. 

According to a note in the fiunily Bible, this 
Alexander Cuninghame '^died at Sheins, near 
Edinburgh, upon Frj'day the threttin day of July, 
1705, and was buried on the Saturday after, at 
fyve of the clock at night, at Enterekin^s tomb, 
in the Grey-Friers churchyard, Edinburgh." 

IX. James Cuninghame of Collellan succeeded 
his father. He was quite an infant at the time, 
having been bom on the 7th April, 1704. His 
name frequently occurs in the sederunts of the 
Commissioners of Supply for the county fix)m 
1732 till 1748. He married, at Hamilton, on the 
6th May, 1727, Margaret, daughter of Sir Mark 
Carse of Cockpen, in Mid-Lothian. By this 
lady (who died of a decline on the 8th of March) 
1733, in the 28th year of her age) he had two 
sons, Alexander and William, and a daughter, 
Elizabeth, all of whom died in infancy. Also a 
daughter, Rachel, married, in 1754, to Alexander 
Hamilton of Grange, third son of Robert Hamil- 
ton of Grange, and had issue. He married, se- 
condly, before the year 1737, Sus*ina, daughter 
of Thomas Cuninghame, tho last of Mountgreenan. 
By this lady he had a son, Ix)udoun Cuninghame, 
who went to America, where he was killed acci- 
dentally by a shot from his companion's fowling- 
piece. He had also two daughters, Margaret, 
who died unmarried in 1813, in the 76th year of 
her age ; and Elizabeth, who died in infancy. 

Besides Collellan, the Cuninghames posseissed 
the lands of Friars- Crofl and Dyets-Temple, in 
the vicinity of Irvine. In April, 1749, there was 
a disposition of them, inter alia, by James Cun- 
inghame and his spouse, Susana, to the trustees 
for his creditors. The estate having been broken 
up about tills period, the property was acquired 
by George Fullarton of Bartonholme. 

Collellan is situated about foiu* miles south of 
Irvine, near to the high road to Ayr. The old 
mansion is now occupied as a £u:m-hou8e. 



The first of this family with whom we meet 

I. William Wai.lacb of Gariggis. Octo- 
ber 16, 1578, John Hamilton of Barn weill grants 
^^ Basing ^^ of all and haill the xx s. land in Toun- 
heid of BaniweiU, occupiit be William Wallace 
of Gariggis, &c., and of the four lib. land of 
Bamweill-Hereis, &c., in warrandice of the said 



8. land to Wm. Wallace, oone and air apper- 
and to Wm. Wallace in Gariggis, &c., confbnne 
to the said precept, &c., maid thereupoun,*^ &c. 
The Wallaces m Gahiggis thus appear to have 
been different parties from the Wallaces of Gal- 
^ggi^ though probably nearly related. That 
they were of some consideration is apparent from 
the following rather curious extract* from the 
testament of ^^ Jeane Houstoun, spous to Wil- 
liame Craufiird, elder of Lefnoreis," who died in 
1608. *^ Debtis awand to the deid . . Item, 
be Jeane FuUertoun, spons to Robert Wallace in 
Galrigis, ane taiblet of gould, price thriscoir 
sax pund xiii s. iiii d. ; mair, be the said Robert 
Wallace, ane Arabic duket, price fiflie pund. 
Item, ane harie nobill, price ten lib. Item, ane 
dowbill souerane, pryce sax pund. Item, ane 
Spaneis pcice, pryce sax pund. Item, mair be 
the siud Jeane, twentie ells of small bordaithes, 
pryce of the elne saxtcin schilUngis . . mair 
be hir, saxtcin elnes servitour lynning, pryoe of 
the elne viii s." 

n. Robert Wallace " of Galrix " is mentioned 
along with " Mr William Wallace, minister at 
Symontoun " and others, as one of the overseers 
appointed in the testameut of Robert Wallace of 
Ronhill. He and his wife were infefl in the 
*^ thrie pond land of Holmis " by David Fullar- 
ton, son of John Fullarton of Dreghom, on the 
13th May, 1609. Robert Wallace of Garricks 
is also mentioned in the testament of *^ Jonet 
Campbell, relict of vmqle. Mr David Mylne, mi- 
nister of Dandonald," who died in 1618. His 
wife, Jeane Fullertoun,t died in the month of 
May, 1619. Her testament contmns the follow- 
ing : " Legacie. — At Galrigis the 20 day of May, 
the zeir of Grod 1619. The quhilk day the aaul 
Jeane Fnllartoune maks, nominats, &c., the 
said Robert Wallace of Galrigis, hir spous, hir 
onlie executor, &c. Item, the said Jeane Ful- 
larton levis to Mr Wm. Fullertoune, hir brother 
germane, the sowme of ane thousand merks 
money, at his returning fra the kingdome of 
France, quhere he now is," &c. In 1625 the 
name of Robert Wallace of Galrigis again oc- 
ean as cautioner in the testament of Mr Alexr. 
Sibbald, minister of Dundonald, He had a 
daughter married to John Blair of Hilhouse, a 
son of David Blair of Adamton, and a son called 

« Hay 36, 168S, John Schaw of Haly ** Gaif heretabill 
atait and M^ng to Wm. Wallace, aa aone and air to vmqle. 
Wm. Wallace in Garrigis, of the fyye lib. land of Heleia, 
of anid extent, Hand within the baillere of Kylestewart, 

ke. — 3L4flON*B NOTBS. 

t This is no doubt the same party referred to in the 
testament of Lady Lifhoris. If so, her hnsband, formerly 
''in" Galriga, had become, either by suooesaion or other- 
wise, « of " Galrigs. 

William, This appears from the testament of 
John Blair of Hilhouse, who died in 1626 : — 
*''• Debts awand In, . . Be Robert Wallace 
of Galrigis, his father-iu-law, the sowme of ane 
hundrith punds money of annuell of his tocher 
guid," &c. His spous, Nans Wallace, is appoint- 
ed Tutrix to her sou, and fliiliug her and others 
mentioned in the testament, ^^ Mr Williame Wal- 
lace, younger of Galrigis, tutor," &c. " Robert 
Wallace of Garrikis " occurs in the testament of 
William M'Kenell of Hilhous in 1629, and in 
that of Robert Barclay of Pierstoune in 1631. 
In 1636 both he and his son, " Mr Williame 
Wallace, fear of Galrigis," appear in the list of 
debtors to '* James Norwall, merchant in Kil- 
marnock." Robert Wallace died in the month 
of September, 1642. The mventor}' of his eflects 
was " ftiitlifullie maid and gevin vp be Hew Wal- 
lace of Vnderwood, lawfull creditor to the de- 
funct," &c. ; " Mr Williame Wallace, sone to 
vmqlc. Robert Wallace of Galrigis, cautioner." 

UI. Mr Willimne Wallace of Garrickis is men- 
tioned as a debtor in the testament of Margaret 
Boyd, Kilmarnock, December, 1645. His name 
occurs in another testamentary document in 1648, 
and again in 1652. 

rV. William Wallace of Galrigs, son, or pro- 
bably grandson of the foregoing, sA as one of 
tlie Commissioners of Supply for Ayrshire at the 
sederunt, August 5, 1714; and again, for the last 
time, in 1720. 

The property of Galrigs, situated about a mile 
from the village of Dundonald, was acquired 
soon afterwards by Captain Lawkence Nugent, 
whose name appears in the sederunts of the Com- 
missioners from 1725 to 1758. He appears to 
have changed the name to Netpfield^ by which 
designation he is mentioned in the Presbytery 
records in 1723, as well as in the burgh records 
of A\T in 1725, and subsequently. He held some 
situation in connection with the Customs. 


The late Col. Craufurd of Newfield claimed 
to be chief of the name of Craufurd. He traced 
the descent of the fitmily from Robert Craufurd 
of Nethermains, third son of Patrick Craufurd 
of Auchinames.* 

I. Moses Craufurd, third son of Captain 
Robert Craufurd of Nethermains, married Marion 
Francis, of the family of Francis of Stane, and 

• In the testament of Patricli Crawftirde of Anchinames. 
dated " at Cofsbie the xJi day of Deer. 1648 zeiris." ** Ro- 
bert Crawftird of Nayr. Maynes, also my lawfUU sone/' 
ia mentioned as one of the wltnewes. 



had a son, Archibald, named after his cousin- 
german, the last of Auchinames, then resident 
at Corsby, who died in infancy, and a daughter, 
Christian. He wedded, secondly, Janet Aliason, 
grand-daughter of AUason of Curreath, and had 
by her, who died in 1738, 

1. Robert, his heir. 

2. Archibald, whose son, Mosen, emigrated to America, 
and had a son, Mosea, a lieut. B. N., lately deceased. 

8. David; 4. Jane; 5. Elizabeth. 

Mr Craufurd died in 1723, and was succeeded by 
his eldest son, 

n. Robert Craufiird, bom in 1707, who mar- 
ried Marion Brison, co-heiress of the lands of 
Groateholme, in the parish of Kilwinning, and 
d}ing in 1772, was succeeded by his eldest sur- 
viving son, 

ni. Moses Craufurd, who went to India about 
the year 1765, and there attained the rank of 
Major in the Company^s service. He was second 
in command at the capture of Beechigar, a strong 
hill-fort on the Ganges, and was left in command 
of that place with a garrison of two thousand 
men. Returning home in 1783, he purchased 
the estate of Ncwfield, and married in two years 
after, Margaret, eldest daughter of John M^Ker- 
rell of Hillhouse, by whom he had issue — 

1. Robert, ^ heir. 

3. John, Major 44th fbot, who, serving during the Pen- 
insular war, was present at the battles of Salamanca 
and Orthes, and wounded and taken {oisoner in the 
latter engagement. 

8. Arehibald. HiOor of ArtiUery hi the E.I.C.S., who 
married Octavia, daughter of the late Ck>l0ttel James 
Fhelp, ci Caston House, county Leicester. 

4. Patrick, M.D., who died in India. 

1. Margaret, married to the Rev. Dr Alexander HUl, > 
Professor in the Univeralty of Glasgow. 

Major Craufttrd died in 1794, and was succeeded 
bv his eldest son, 

rV. Robert Craufurd of Newfield, represen- 
tative of the Craufurds of Craufturd, Crosby, &c. ; 
Colonel-commandant of the Ayrshire Yeomanry, 
and one of the deputy-lieutenants. He married, 
in 1813, Frances, daughter of the late Henry 
O'Brien of Blatherwick Park, county Northamp- 
ton, and dying in 1843, left issue, 

1. Robert, his heir. 

2. Patrick-Reginald. 

1. Frances. 

3. Emma, married, 16th June, 1841, to Geoige Walker, 
Esq. of Eastwood, Notts. 

8. JuUa. 

4. Letitia. 

y. Robert Crauftird succeeded his father in 
1843. He is an officer in the Rifle Brigade. 

The estate of Newfield was sold, soon after his 
father^s demise, to Mr Finnic, a London mer- 
chant, but originally from Kilmarnock*, now also 
deceased. The property, however, remains in 
possession of this gentleman^s family. 

Arms, — Quarterly: Ist and 4th, gules, a fesse^ 
ermine, for Craufurd of Craufurd ; 2d and 3d, 
argent, three escutcheons, sable, for Loudoun of 
Loudoun ; and a central coat, gules, thereon a 
fesse, ermine, surmounted by two spears, salter- 
wise, for Crosby. 

Supporters, — Two stags, gules. 

Crest, — ^A phoenix rising from the flames, gules. 

Mottoes. — ^* Grod shaw the right ;*' and *^ I 
bide my time.'* 


JoHKE Wallace of Ronhill died in the month 
of November, 1609 He left a son, Adame Wal- 
lace, who, by his testament, was constituted his 
only executor. Robert Wallace of Galrigs, Mr 
William Wallace, minister of Symontoun, &c., 
were appointed overseers. 

The Wallaces in Dundonald parish seem to 
have been all pretty nearly related. Adam, ori- 
ginating with the Riccarton family, was a pre- 
vailing name amongst them. Ronhill is now a 
fiurm on the Newfield estate. 


This family seems at one time to have possessed 
considerable property. The first of them con- 
nected with the parish of Dundonald was, in all 

I. RoBEST M'Clune of Holmes, who died at 
Largs in April, 1647. He was succeeded by his 

U. Robert M^Clnne, whose retonr, *^ in 3 lib- 
ratis terrarum de Holmes de Doundounell," is 
dated 10th August, 1647. He was succeeded by, 

in. David M'Clean de Holmes, hseres of Ro- 
bertii M^Cleane de Holmes of Dundonnell, whose 
service to the lands is dated July 31, 1673. 

The property was soon aftierwards acquired by 
the Earl of Dundonald. It first appears in the 
retours of that fiunily in 1690. Previous to the 
M^Clunes coming into possession. Holmes had 
belonged to the Fairlies of that Ilk. By a legal 
document, dated 13th April, 1609, it appears that 
the late John FuUarton of Dreghom, father of 
David Fullarton of Enokinlaw, had granted letters 
of reversion to Sir Robert Fairlie of that Bk, 
which letters of reversion had been assigned over 
by Sir Robert to William M'KerreU of Hill- 

• Mason*! Notes. 



Chalmers is no doubt correct in ascribing the 
etymology of the parish to the Celtic, Dunluib-^ 
not Ivb^ as he has it, however, — ^which signifies 
the hill, at the bend or winding. There is a hiU, 
or (full, in the vicinity of the village, near which 
a small stream, called the Glazert, describes such 
a bend as to render the place still characteristic 
of its Celtic etymology.* 

Dunlop is quite a rural parish. It lies south- 
east of Beith, from which it is divided by the Lug- 
ton water. It is bounded on the north-east by 
the county of Renfirew, and south and south-west 
by the parish of Stewarton. Its extreme length, 
firom south-west to north-east, is about &>ur miles ; 
and it is a little more than four miles in breadth. 
The greater part of the parish lies in Ayrshire, and 
the lesser in the county of Renfrew. There are 
4462 acres in Ayrshire, and 700 in Renfrewshire. 

Topographicfljly speaking, the parish is com- 
posed of a number of small hills and ridges, rising 
from 50 to 130 feet above their corresponding 
hoUowa, though the highest point is calculated to 
be above 560 feet above the level of the sea. Many 
of the little hills present steep fronts of naked 
rock, -vcrj picturesque and romantic. The prin- 
cipal elevations are Braikenheuch, where, tradi- 
tion says, one of the Cuninghames of Aiket was 
killed by theMontgomeries, during the memorable 
feud which existed between the families of Mont- 
gomerie and Cuninghame. Braikenheuch is about 
a mile and a half from Dunlop village. From its 
summit one of the most interesting prospects is 
obtained which can be found in the west of Scot- 
land, embracing, as it does, an extensive view of 
the parishes of Lochwinnoch, West Kilbride, Dai- 
ry, Kilbimie, Kilwinning, Stevenston, Irvine, &c. ; 
the Firth of Clyde, with the Islands of Arran, 
Holy Isle, Plada, Ailsa, and the beautiful point 

* Dunloppe Kirk, prettily seated at ye conflncnoe of 
three small broolces. — Pont. 

VOL. 11. 

of Troon. Far in the north towers the western 
ridge of the Grampians — Benlomond, Benledi, 
&c. ; and towards the south, the eye rests on the 
bold, rocky coast of Carrick. Dunlop, or more 
properly, Boarland Hill, is a delightful round emi- 
nence, a little to the west of the village of Dunlop. 
Barr Hill is a pleasant eminence in the barony of 
Aiket. Knockmade HiU is the most elevated 
ground in the parish. It is on the estate of Col. 
Mure of Caldwell. There are several other no- 
table eminences, such as Craignaught Hill and the 
Chapel Craigs — ^the whole presenting a series of 
delightful green hills, with fertile vales l}4ng be- 
tween, the haunt, no doubt, of numerous fairies, 
in the days of superstition. 

Dunlop parish, as might be expected from its 
undulating sinface, is well watered-shaving nu- 
merous springs and rivulets. The principal stream 
is that of the Lugton, which rises out of Lochlibo,* 
in Renfrewshire, and joins the Gomock near Kil- 
winning, after coursing through the parish about 
fifteen miles. Corsehill Bum divides the parish 
from Stewartoun, while the Glazert intersects the 
centre of it, falling at length into the Annick, a 
tributary of the Irvine. Formerly there was a 
lake in the parish, called Halket Loch, covering 
about ten acres of land. It was drained, however, 
some time since, at the joint expense of the sur- 
rounding proprietors, and now forms an excellent 
meadow. Previous to this, the crops in the vici- 
nity were much subject to mildew. Except on 
the larger estates, where plantations have been 
cultivated with considerable care, the parish is 
deficient in shelter, and has a bare aspect. It is 
also behind in agricultural improvement — ^the at- 
tention of the inhabitants having for a long time 
been chiefly directed to the dair)-, which is carried 

* Anciently ' I^och le Bog Sycle,* so called in a charter 
by Kobert II. to Hew de Eglintoun (from 1871 to 1890). 
It signified the Bogside Loch. lu process of time it came 
to be changed to Lochleboch. or Lochlevoch — so termed in 
tlie conveyance of the Duke of Hamilton to More of Cald- 
well, in 1 764. It is now generally termed Lochlibo. 




on to great perfection, especially In the making of 
cheese. Dunhp cheese is universally celebrated. 
This description of cheese — ^made with sweet milk, 
in place of skimmed, as was generally the practice 
— is said to have originated with Barbara Gil- 
mour, who had, with many others, been driven 
into exile in Ireland, during the troubles in the 
reign of Charles IT. It has been affirmed that 
she derived the idea of emplo}'ing the whole milk 
from the Irish ; but this seems extremely doubtful, 
seeing that the Irish do not understand cheese- 
making at the present day.* Of late, consi^ 
derable progress has been made in draining on 
the larger estates, particularly that of Dunlop; 
and altogether the climate is more salubrious now 
than it used to be, although the district has all 
along been considered one of the most healthy in 
the west of Scotland, if the longevity of the inha- 
bitants is to be regarded as a test of purity. There 
is a limestone quarry on the farm of Laigh Games- 
hill, and the parish is well intersected with roads, 
by which the lime, burnt or unbumt, can be easily 
conveyed to wherever it may be required. The 
turnpike from Paisley to KUmamock runs through 
it, but none of the railways intersect it. 


The lands of Dunlop appear to have been held 
under the De Morvilles, who possessed all Cim- 
inghame, by a powerM family of the name of Boss. 
Timothy Pont says, — " Boirland over and nether 
ar ye possesions of the Earl of Cassilles. Heir of 
old duelt Gothred de Ross, a famous and potent 
nobleman, of grate reputatione, quho, having his 
residence heir, enjoyed ample possessions abrode 
in ye countrey, and ves for ye tyme shriffe of Aire, 
hisjurisdictione then exten(Hng over Carrick, Cun- 
ninghame and Kyill, of quhom, in the minority 
of David ye U., our annals remembreth thus: 
Ac juvante oonatus eorum Gotofride Rossio prs- 
fectojuridico Aerensifbreui totamCarrictam, Coil- 
am et Cuninghamiam, in suas partes traxerunt.^* 
As a proof that there had been a castle on Boar- 
land, or Dunlop Hill, the residence, we may pre- 
sume, of Crothred de Ross, the foundation of a 
ruin was removed some years ago by a late pro- 

« The Bev. ThomM Brisbane, who wrote the Statistical 
Aooonnt of the parish, in 1795, is believed to have been 
the originator of this statonent. Ayrshire has been cele- 
brated from an early period for its dairy produce. Bishop 
Leslie, in his " De Origine Moribiis et Rebiis Gestis Scoto- 
mm Libri Deeem," &o., written before 1578, speaks of 
Ayrshire as producing the * best cheese,' and plenty of but- 
ter ; also bees and bee-skepe, not a few — aits, barley, &c. 
In the same work he tells us, that that portion of Stirling- 
shire lying towards the west, was renowned for the best 

prietor. A diligent observer may yet perceive 
the traces of the ruin. On the east side of the 
hill there are the remains of a deep trench, cut 
from the top, in a straight line, half way down its 
side. In the charter chest of the burgh of Irvine 
there is a notarial copy of an inquiry made in 1260, 
respecting some lands in litigation between Dom. 
Grodfrey de Ross and that burgh. The Rosses 
seem to have taken part with the Baliol faction in 
tiie struggle for the Scottish crown, and their 
possessions of course became forfeited. There is 
a charter, for example, by Robert I. to Robert 
Boyd, of the lands of Kilmarnock, Bondingtoun, 
Hertschaw, &c., " que fuerunt Johannis de Bal- 
liolo, Godfridi de Ross, filii quondam Reginaldi 
de Ross, Willielmi de Mora, et Roberti de Ross.^* 
In the subsequent reign of David n. the Rosses 
were still farther reduced by forfeitures. William 
Murray, son to Maurice Murray, had a charter 
from that monarch, of lands within the barony of 
Stonehouse, by '•'• the forfaultrie of Godfr^d Ross.*^ 
The parish is now divided into a great many 
small proprietorships. So early as 1640, accord- 
ing to a manuscript valuation among the Dunlop 
papers, there were no fewer than thirty-three 

There are no very notable historical events con- 
nected with the parish of Dunlop. Craignaught 
Hill was the scene of the sanguinary feudal conflict 
between the Stewarts and Boyds, as related in the 
introductory sketch (vol. i.) to this work. The 
ground where the battle took place is a romantic 
spot, near Neilstoun (parish of Dunlop) in Ren- 

Chalmers says, — *' The church of Dunlop be- 
longed, in former ages, to the monastery of Kil- 
winning. The monks enjoyed the rectorial reve- 
nues, and a vicarage was established for serving 
the cure. In Bagimont's Roll, as it stood in the 
reign of James V., the vicarage of Dunlop, in the 
deanry of Cuninghame, was taxed £5, 6s. 8d., 
being a tenth of the estimated value. At the 
Reformation, this vicarage was held by Mr John 
Houston; and the whole profits of his benefice 
was leased to William Cuninghame of Aiket, fot 
pa^onent of £78 yearly. At the same epoch, the 
rectorial tithes of the church of Dunlop produced 
to the monks of Kilwinning only £40 a-year, hav- 
ing been leased by them for that sum. Of the 
lands wliich belonged to the church of Dunlop, a 
part, consisting of two merk lands of the ancient 
extent, was appropriated to the vicarage, and the 
remainder was enjoyed by the monks of Kilwin- 
ning. The whole passed into lay hands afler the 
Reformation. In 1566, the church lands of the 
vicar of Dunlop were granted, in fee-firm, to Wil- 
liam Cuninghame of Aiket, by Mr John Houston, 



the then Yicar of Dimlop, with consent of Gavin 
Hamilton, the commendator of Kilwinning, the 
patron of the said vicarage. The vicar reserved, 
however, to himself and his successors, the manse, 
garden, and an acre of land, adjacent to the manse. 
The lands thus granted, being two merk lands of 
the ancient extent, continued with the family of 
Coninghune of Aiket. At the end of the seven- 
teenth century, the rectorial church lands of Dun- 
lop i^ppear to have been acquired by the Earl of 
Eglintoun. In 1603, the patronage and tithes of 
the church of Dunlop were granted to Hugh Earl 
of Eglintoim, with many other churches that be- 
longed to the monks of Kilwinning. After that 
date, the fiunily of Dunlop of Dunlop appears to 
have claimed a right to the patronage of the church 
of Dunlop. The patronage was, however, held 
by the Earl of Eglintoun at the Restoration, and it 
has since continued with that famUy. The parish 
church of Dunlop was rebuilt about the year 1765. 
It stands at the village of Dunlop." This build- 
ing having become too small for the population, 
a new church was built by the heritors in 1835. 
The manse was built in 1781 ; but a considerable 
addition was made to it in 1814. 

It is not known at what time Dunlop was erect- 
ed into a parochial charge. The earliest notice of 
it occurs in the chartulary of Paisley, from which 
it appears, that in 1265, ^^ John de Reston" was 
perpetual vicar of the parish church of Dunlop. 
In 1505, I& Andrew Marshall, the vicar of Dnn- 
lop, was chamberlain to the archbishop, and one 
of the vicars-general of the archbishoprick. John 
Major, or Mair, the instructor of Knox, appears 
from the old register, entitled, ^^ Annales Univer- 
sitatis Glasguensis,'* to have been vicar of Dunlop 
from 1518 till 1523. 

In 1540, Alexander, the abbot of Kilwinning, 
granted to the Court of Sesnon a pension of £28 
yearly from the vicarage of Dunlop. This pen- 
sion was formerly granted fix>m the vicarage of 
Kilbimie, but was now given from the vicarage of 
Dunlop, because it was of greater value. 

Hans Hamilton, son of Hamilton of Raploch, 
appears to have been the first Protestant minister 
of this parish, having entered on the charge in 
1563. In the *^ Register of ministers, exhorters, 
and readers, and of their stipends after the pe- 
riod of the Reformation," published by the Mait- 
land Club, there is the following entry with re- 
gard to Dunlop : ^* John Hamilton, vicar and ex- 
horter, the thryd of the vicarage, extending to 
xxvi li., providing he wait on liis charge betym, 
1567." As there can be no doubt that this was 
the same person, it is presumed that Hans, or 
Hanis Hamilton, the name by which he is usually 
designated, was a corruption of the Latin, Jo- 

hannis,* Hans Hamilton was succeeded in the 
charge by Hew Eglintoun, who died in 1647. As 
the records of Presbytery, during the time of his 
incumbency, are lost, little is known about him. 
From an incidental notice in the record of the 
Presbytery^s proceedings at a subsequent period, 
it appears that he was under process at the time 
of his death, but the cause of the process is not 
specified, f In 1648, one year aft^r the death of 

* Junea Hamilton, Vifloount Clandeboyes, was the el. 
dest son of Hans Hamilton, vicar of Dnnlop. He was sent 
to Ireland by James VI. in the year 1 587, along with 
James FuUerton, to keep up a correspondence with the 
Protestants of that kingdom, and oonmiuuioate Intelligence 
from time to time as to the designs of the Irish in the 
event of Qneen Klizabeth's death. The better to conceal 
their design, they opened a school in Dublin for the ednoft" 
tion of Protestant youths. After teaching privately for 
several years, they were appointed to fellowships in Trinity 
College, then newly founded, and by tlieir talents contri- 
buted much to establish the high character which it soon 
acquired. After the accession of James to the throne of 
England, James Hamilton, who had discharged his misakm 
to the satisftction of the king, was rewarded by extensive 
grants of forfeited lands in the county of Down and else- 
where; and after being employed in several important ser- 
vices, was at length, in 1632, elevated to the peerage, by 
the title of Viscount Clandeboyes and Banm Hamilton. 
This title became extinct on the death of his grandson, 
Henry Eail of Clanbrassll. Lord Clandeboyes' five bro- 
thers having followed him to Ireland, shared his good for- 
tune. Their numerous descendants, the Hamiltons of Down, 
Armagh, Dublin, and Carlow, with their various collateral 
branches, are still possessed c^ great wealth and influence. 
From them are descended the noble fkmilles of Clanbrassil, 
Roden, Massareene, and DuflTerin. The first of these hav- 
ing become extinct through the failure of heirs in the eldest 
branch of Hans Hamilton's fiunily, was granted to one of 
the descendants of a younger son, but has again become 
extinct. Archibald Hamilton Rowan, so well known from 
his connection with the Irish rebellion, was the lineal 
descendant of Hans Hamilton's second son, Archibald. — 
Statistical Account. 

In the east comer of the churchyard of Dnnlop, there is 
a tomb erected by the Viscount Clandeboyes in memory of 
his fkther. On a flagstone on the floor is the following in- 
scriptimi: '*Heir lyis Hanis Ilamiltoun, vicar of Dunlop, 
quha deoeist ye 80 of Mail 1608, ye alge of 72 zeirs, and 
Janet Denham, his spous.** Under a marble arch, with two 
marble pillars of the composite order, in front, are two 
statues kneeling on a marble monument, in the attitude of 
devotion, and habited according to the fashion of the times. 
In the wall is a marble slab, having an inscription, stating 
that Hanis Hamiltonne was tlie sou of Archibald Hamil- 
toune of Raploch ; his wife a daughter of James Denham 
of West Shields; that they lived together forty-five years, 
during which period he served the cure at this (Dunlop) 
church— oflkpring, six sons and one daughter. HiJB daugh- 
ter, Jean Hamiltonne, married to Wm. Muir of Glandei^ 
stone. Erected by their son, James, the first Viscount 
Clandebols, of the kingdom of Ireland. 

t The fbllowing is an extract ftom his testament : " At 
the parosche Urk of Dunlope, the second day of December 
1646 xeirs. The quhilk day Mr Hew Eglintone, minister 
at Dunlope, nominats and constituts Mareone Hamii«- 
TDNE, his spous, his onlle executrix and universall intro- 
mitrix with his haill guidis, Ac. Item, first of all, he 
lieves, assignes, Itc.. to the said Hareone, his spoos, the 
sowme of ane thousand merks money, Ae. Quhilk sowme 
of sne thousand merks he ordaines to be in oompensatione, 
ke., to hlr of the said thousand mecks money quhilk I and 
my airs ar obleissit to pay to hir at my deoeis, Itc., oonfbrme 
to his band grantit to hir thaimpone, of the dait the xxvi. 



Hew Eglintoun, Gabriel Cuninghame was settled. 
He was ejected in 1663, and restored again by 
the indulgence of 1672, when Mr William Mein 
was associated with him in the charge of the pa- 
rish. After this he seems to have fallen under the 
suspicion and displeasure of the government ; for 
on the 2d of April, 1683, he was indicted, along 
with some others, " for aiding, assisting, and cor- 
responding with Mr John Cuninghame, late of 
Bedlane, a notorious traitor." Failing to appear, 
*^ he was denounced and put to the horn, and his 
moveable goods ordered to be escheat and brought 
into his majesty's use, as an outlaw and a fugitive." 
He is mentioned by Wodrow as having lived till 
after the Revolution ; but whether he was restored 
to his charge before that period does not appear.* 
He seems to have been a person of considerable 
eminence, and to have taken a prominent part in 
the deliberations of the Presbyterian ministers in 
those distracted times. 

The following is a list of the ministers since the 
Revolution : 

John Jameson, ordained 21st September 1692, 
died 1706.t 

James Rowat, ordained May, 1707 : translated 
to Jedburgh September, 1732. j 

Robert Baird, ordained 28th IMarch, 1734, died 
27th March, 1756. 

James Wodrow, D.D., ordained Ist September, 
1767 ; translated to Stevenston, October, 1759. 

JohnFullarton, ordained 25th September, 1760; 
ti-anslated to Dairy, 16th March, 1762. 

John Graham, oordained 12th May, 1763 ; trans- 
lated to Kirkinner, SOth June, 1779. § 

day of Jannerii 1686 zeliia: and the haill rest of my- free 
guidfl I lieve, &c., eqnallie betwixt John, Jeane, and Elspet 
EgUntones, my bainu,** &c. [Magister Hugo Eglintoun, 
minister at Dunlop, had a retour, 26th Jnly, 1684, as heir 
to Archibald Eglintoun, his father, in the Uuids of the vicar 
of Memis, in the parish of Memis. He had a son, Hew, a 
merchant in Glasgow* who died while a yoong man, in 

* He seems to have been restored to his charge. " Mr 
Gabriel Cuninghame, minister of Dunlop,** gives a discharge 
to the laird of Craigends for £120 Scots, January 31, 1690. 
He died in 1693, as appears from a document signed by 
William Cnnynghame of Ashinyeards, executor dative of 
vmqle. Mr Gabriel Cnnynghame, minister at Dunlop, dated 
a 3d July. 1692. 

t This John Jameson was a poet of no small pretensions. 
Some fragments of his poems exist in MS. 

X Mr James Rowat, minister at Dunlop, married Agues, 
daughter of James Mulr of Koddaus, or Khoddens, son of 
William Mnir of Glanderstoun. A son of Mr Howat was 
Professor of Church History in Glasgow College from 1753 
to 1763. 

} His great hobby was fanning, and he had some ground 
leased on which he built a small round tower in wliich he 
might study his sermons, while overlooking the farming 
operations ! The small tower is 8ti^ standing, and is called 
by the people •* The Folly." He became very unpopular 
with his flock. 

Thomas Brisbane, ordained 27th April, 1780, 
died May, 1887.* 

Matthew Dickie, admitted from Limerick, 8tfa 
May, 1884, assistant and successor. He left the 
church at the late disruption. 

William Grebbie is the present incumbent. 

The parochial registers do not go fiirther back 
than 1700, and were very irregularly kept until 
about 1780. 

The school-house at Dunlop was built in 1641, 
as appears from the following inscription oTcr tilie 

" 1641. 
^^ This school is erected and endowed by James, 
Viscomit Clandeboyes, in love to his parish, in 
which his father, Hans Hamilton, was pastor 45 
years, in King James the Sixt his raigne. 

" JcLV." 

'* It is still in pi^tty good repur; but though 
it affords to the schoolmaster what may be called 
legal accommodation, it does not afford such ac- 
commodation as a well -qualified teacher ought to 
have. If, as the inscription intimates, the school 
was ever endowed by Lord Claneboyes, all know- 
ledge of the source whence the endowment was 
derived is now lost." t 


At a place called the Chapel Craigs, about half 
a mile from the village of Dunlop, there existed 
until lately the ruins of a chapel, which was de- 
dicated to the Virgin Mary, and had an appro- 
priate endowment for the support of a chaplain. 
It is not known whether this was the parish church 
before the Reformation, or a chapel distinct from 
it. It stood upon a rock, on the side of a rivulet, 
which was crossed by steps, called the lady^s steps 
— ^which steps, however, have been superseded by 
a bridge. A beautiful stream of water gushes 

* Mr Brisbane had natural wit, and poosessed mock 

shrewdness and common sense, but was very miserly. The 
late celebrated Dr Fleming of Ndlston used often to assist 
Mr Brisbane on sacramental occasions. The Doct<M*, as ia 
well known in the west of Scotland, was a great advocate 
of church accommodation. In the pulpit it was frequently 
the Alpha and Omega of his discourses. Taking a walk 
one Sabbath evening with Mr Brisbane, after having in- 
dulged in his favourite theme in the church, he still com- 
plained bitterly that he had not sufficient "accommodation" 
in his parish. Mr Brisbane, turning away from him, re^ 
Joined him in a little, sajring: " Saunders, I ha*e been mak- 
ing an epitaph for you." " And what is it?" said the Doc> 
tor. *' I will let you hear it," — ^repeating, with due em- 
phasis, the following lines : 

** Here, underneath this sti$»e. 
Is Dr Fleming's station ; 
Ance sairly scrimpt for room, but now 
He's gut accommodation.** 

t Statistical Account. 



from the rock. The existence of this chapel has 
given name to a number of localities around. A 
few hundred yards south-west of the site of the 
chapel, on the gentle swell of the hill, is a Druidi- 
cal stone, called the Thugart stane, supposed to 
be a corruption of the grit sUme. It appears at 
one time or other to have been a rocking-stone. 
The base is so covered with rubbish, that it has 
now lost its vibratory motion. It lies on the farm 
of Brandleside, and the tenant is bound in his 
tack to protect it, by neither removing it, nor 
cultivating the ground for a considerable number 
of square yards around it. Above the site of the 
chapel, a pathway was cut out of the solid rock, 
leading to the top of the hill, where tradition says 
there was a bur}4ng-place belonging to the cha- 
pel. The pathway is nearly obliterated, a quarry 
having been opened in the place a number of 
years ago. 

Until within these few years, two beautifol 
small monuments stood on the top of Barr HUl, 
in the barony of Aiket.. They were well built, 
the stones being firmly cemented with lime ; and 
about twelve feet high. They were taken down, 
in a spirit truly worthy of a vandal age, and the 
stones applied to agricultural purposes. At the 
foot of Barr Hill, on the right bank of the Glazert, 
stands now, with only one exception, the most 
ancient building in the parish — ^Aiket Castle. It 
is a strong square tower, with a side of thirty feet : 
it was originally four stories in height, but, in 
modem times, has been reduced to three. An 
addition has likewise been built to the east side. 
The walls, at the base, are upwards of seven feet 
thick. There was an inscription above the prin- 
cipal entrance, but it has long ago been obliter- 
ated. A tradition exists that the stones of the 
building were quarried fix>m the hill in its neigh- 
bourhood, and conveyed thither by being handed 
firom one man to another. The castle stands on 
a small rock overhanging the water of Glazert. 
In ancient times it was surrounded with a moat. 


Like every inland rural parish in Ayrshire, 
Dunlop has many traditions attached to certain 
localities. Of course, the great enemy of mankind 
has been seen in various shapes. Tam Gifien, the 
reputed warlock, wandered much in this parish, 
and many anecdotes are related of him of a mar- 

vellous kind, which appear to have been believed 
by the peasantry until within a late period. It 
was believed that he frequented the midnight 
meetings of ghosts, fairies, &c. On one occasion 
he entered the farm-house of Gills, a little to the 
west of the village. On being asked where he 
had been the night previous, he replied, *^ I was 
just at a meeting o* witches, an* we settled it yes- 
treen, that the wee wean at the Grange is to dee 
the nicht." Which happened according to his 

Long ago, a noted cadger, who went imder the 
cognomen of " Young Robin," although his " haf- 
fets were lyart and gray," saw several amazdng 
''*' sights." One night, returning home from Kil- 
marnock on horseback, rather late, when the 
moon was clear and bright, he was a little sur- 
prised to find that he was riding in company with 
a headless horseman, whose steed was likewise 
minus the head. He spurred his weary stead to 
its utmost speed, thinking, like Ichabod Crane, 
to outrun his *^ eerie" company; but, strange to 
say, he did not gain one inch on his rival. He 
again reined in his steed, thinking the spectre 
horseman would fly past him, but the strange 
horseman likewise did the same. Wearied in 
his efforts to get away from the uneartlily eques- 
trian, ho hurried on towards the village, still in 
company with the fiend, whose mysterious steed 
galloped along without making the least noise 
with his hoofs on the stony road. When cross- 
ing the bridge, the *^ headless horseman," with 
his steed, sprung high in the air and vanished 
in a ^^ flaudit o' fire." At another time he was 
returning from Glasgow with a horse and cart. 
On the road near the Camore, a lonely spot, there 
was in a field a number of bushes close by tlie 
roadside, where the &iries were reported to hold 
'•^ merry meetings." It was fiur advanced in the 
night ere he reached this ^^ haunted spot," and 
when he arrived, his ears were greeted with sweet 
melody of a very enchanting kind. Looking round 
he perceived a vast concourse of little people 
dressed in green, his horse became frightened and 
ran off, breaking the cart, which contained a bar- 
rel of ale, which was stove, and all the ale lost ; 
so terrified was Young Robin that, for several 
weeks afterwards, he durst not go to the door 
when it was dark.* 

* Young Bobin'8 apparitions were probably an invention 
to monopolise the trade of cadging or merchandise in tho 





This fiunily is of ancient origin, as are almost 
all those whose patronymics are derived from lo- 
cality, for there can be little doubt that the dis- 
trict of Dmilop gave the name to the family. It 
is impossible, however, to trace the line of suc- 
cession accurately in the more early part of its 
history. Several breaks occur, and in some in- 
stances the links have to be supplied more by in- 
duction than direct evidence. As we have seen, 
the district of old belonged to the Rosses, whose 
seat is supposed to have been the ancient strong- 
hold of Boarland. It is a tradition, that the Dun- 
lops were " servitours," or vassals of this family. 
Pont says — ^^ Dunlop, ane ancient strong house, 
fortified with a deipe foussie of watter, and plant- 
ed with goodly orchards. It is named Hunthall, 
because, say they, the ancient possessor thereof 
wes huntsman to Grodofred Ross. The quhole 
bounds and grounds heir about, and all Machar- 
nock Moore, wes of old a mighte forrest." The 
castle, or strong house of Dunlop, stood on the 
banks of a little rivulet called Cierkland bum, 
which divides the parish from Stewartoun. It is 
unknown at what time the original square tower 
was erected. One of the more modem additions 
bore the date 1599. The site is now occupied by 
the handsome modem mansion, built by the late 
Sir John Dunlop, Bart., in 1834. The first to be 
met with is, 

I. DoM. GuLLiELMUS DE DuNLOP, who ap- 
pears in a notarial copy of an inquest, in the char- 
ter-chest of the burgh of Irvine, in 1260, in a 
cause betwixt the burgh and Dom. Godfiredus de 
Ross. The next is, 

n. Neil Fitz-Robert de Dulap* who, in 1296, 
appears in the Ragman Roll, and whomNisbet con- 
jectures to have been of Dunlop. The property, 
shortly after this period, seems to have been alien- 
ated from the Dunlops, probably, as has been 
conjectured, on account of their having taken 
part, along with their superiors, the Rosses, on 
the side of Baliol, in the contest for the Scottish 
crown. The link in the family chain is therefore 
irremediably broken. 

III. James Dunlop was in possession of Dunlop, 
as appears from a valuation of the county of Ajt 
of the fourteenth century. He was succeeded by, 

* Delap, or Dulap, is the vemacttlar prontinciation in 
the (listrict at this day. 

lY. John de Dunlop, who, in 1407, has a char- 
ter fitnn Hugh de Bli^. The next in sucoession 
probably was, 

y. Alexander Dunlop of Hunthall,* whose 
identity is ascertained by a transaction of his 
grandson, as after stated. He is mentioned by 
Rymer as of that Ilk in the reign of James L 
He was possibly the son of tiie preceding, and 
father of — 

VI. John Dunlop of that Bk. 

Vn. Constantino Dunlop f of that Bk is pre- 
sumed to have been the son of the preceding. In 
1483, he has a transaction respecting the etUry of 
the lands of Hunthall, that had been in arrear since 
the time of his grandfather, Alexander Dunlop. 

YUI. Alexander Dunlop of Dimlop, brother of 
Constantine Dunlop, whose retour, as Dunlop of 
that Bk, is dated 1476, was succeeded by his son. 
In 1489, he was appointed by Parliament — among 
other Lords, or Barons, as they are termed — to 
collect the bygone rents and casualties of the 
Grown, in Stewarton and Kilmarnock, along with 
Alexander Boyd, doubtless of the Kilmarnock 
family, as we find him, soon after, permanently 
established chamberlain of that family. He is 
also mentioned as a member of an inquest on the 
retour of Mathew, Earl of Lennox. Constantine 
Dunlop died in 1505, leaving (with a daughter. 
Janet, married to James Stuart, Sheriff of Bute, 
great-grandson of King Robert IL) a son and 

IX. John Dunlop of that Bk, whose infeflment 
is not dated till 1507. This gentleman marri^ 
in 1402, Marion Douglas, and had one son, Alex- 
ander, and a daughter, who married Hugh Max- 
well of Auldhouse. He died in 1509, and was 
succeeded by his son, 

X. Alexander Dunlop, who, in 1537, is in pos- 
session of the lands of Hunthall, or Dunlop, and 
of the presentation of the parish and patronage of 
Dunlop Church. He married Ellen Cuninghame 
of Gleneaim. By a charter under the Great Seal, 
in the reign of Queen Mary, and protectorsliip of 
Arran, he settled his estate on his five sons in suc- 
cession — James, William, Constantine, Robert, 

* John, Earl of Buchan, had a charter of the lands of 
Danlop in L413. This Alexander Dunlop was, therefore, 
probably the first of the Dunlopa who re-aoquired the pro- 

t Constantine Danlop of Hunthall, or Dunlop, is a wit- 
ness to the infeftinent of the Queen of James IV. in the 
lordship of Kilmarnock, in 1504. 



and Andrew. He died about the year 1549. 
^largaret Dunlop, *' of the family thereof/' who 
was married to Archibald Lyon, a eon of the fa- 
mily of Glammis, in 1540, was probably a daugh- 
ter of this laird of Dunlop. 

XI. James Dunlop, the eldest son, succeeded. 
His retour is dated in the year 1549. He mar- 
ried Isabel, daughter of Gayin Hamilton of Or- 
bieston, and is said to have had two sons, James 
and Allan. He was succeeded, however, by 

XII, Alexander Dunlop of Dunlop, of whom 
there appears to be no account in the family re- 
cord. His existence, however, in 1558, is proved 
beyond doubt by the Criminal Records.* He 
was socceeded by his son or brother, 

Xm. James Dunlop of Dunlop, in 1596. He 

married Jean, daughter of Sommerville of Cam- 

bnsnethan, by whom he left four sons : 

1. James. 

3. John, who purchased the lands of GarnUrk. 

3. Thonuu, who married (irizell, daughter of Cochrane 
of that Ilk, and from this alliance are descended the 
Dnnlops of Hoosehill. 

4. Robert, to whom his father left the lands of Bloak. 

He died in April, 1617, and was succeeded by 
his eldest son, 

XIV. James Dunlop of that Hk, who married, 
in 1614, Dame Margaret Hamilton, widow of the 
Bishop of Lismore, or Argyle, and daughter of 
Gavin Hamilton, Bishop of Galloway. He and his 
lady are mentioned in testamentary documents, 
in 1615, 1616, and 1617, as younger of Dunlop. 
His mother survived his father, as we find " Mar- 
garet Hamilton, LAdy Dunlop, zounger," men- 
tioned in another testamentary document in 1618. f 
He died in the month of May, 1634 ; the inven- 
tory of his effects was made and given up " be 
Mr Johnne Dunlopc, brother-germane to the de- 
funct, lantfall creditor.*^]: Resisting the attempt 
of Charles I. to introduce Episcopacy, the estate 
of Dunlop had been made over to John of Gam- 
kirk, for the purpose of security. This deed was 
acted upon in 1633, when his brother took pos- 
session, and in five years after made resignation 
to his nephew, 

XV. James Dunlop, who obtained a charter, 

under the Great Seal, of the lands of Dunlop. 

He married Elizabeth Cuninghame, daughter of 

Alexander Cuninghame of Corsehill, by whom he 

had two sons and-two daughters : 

1. Alexander, his snocessor. 
3. John. 

« Bee ToL i. p. 66. 

t Jeane Somerrel], Ladie Donlope. died In 1645. in which 
7car her testament is dated. Her son, Thomas Donlop of 
HoiuehUU was her only executor. 

t Jcrfm Dunlop, brother-german to the laird of Dunlop, 
lent 1200 merles to Sir William Cochrane of Cowdoun, in 

1. Jean, mairied, in 1674, to William Ralston of that 

2. Marion, married to Darld Hontgomerie of Lainshaw. 

James Dunlop of Dunlop was a warm supporter 
of the Presbyterian cause, and suffered both by 
imprisonment and fines accordingly. About 1667, 
when the Pentland Hill rising took place, he made 
over a considerable part of his lands to the Earl 
of Duudonald, probably as a measure of safety 
against forfeiture. He was amongst the number 
of Ayrshire Ixdrds, who, according to Wodrow, 
were imprisoned in 1665, and not liberated till 
1667, and then only in consequence of granting a 
bond to keep the peace, under a heavy penalty ; 
his penalty, in particular, being rated at 12,000 
merks. He was succeeded by his son, 

XVI. Alexander Dunlop. He docs not appear 
ever to have obtained possession of the property 
nuule over to the Earl of Dundonald. He suf- 
ferred severely in the public cause. Wodrow 
mentions that he was imprisoned on the 30th 
July, 1683, on suspicion of being concerned with 
the Bothwell Brig Covenanters, and was compel- 
led to give up a part of his estate, besides a bond 
for £12,000 Scots to appear in November fol- 
lowing. He was indicted anew in April, 1684, 
when he made over to his son, John, the lands 
which had been settled upon him on his marriage. 
He emigrated soon after to America, and was ap- 
pointed, 1685, Sheriff of South Carolina. He 
married, in 1667, Antonia Brown, daughter of Sir 
John Brown of Fordel, * by whom he obtained 
the lands of Rossie, which he sold in 1669. On 
his marriage, his father made over to him the 
valuable possessions of Muirshields, Over and 
Nether Oldhalls, Galloherries, and the barony of 

XVn. John Dunlop, his son, succeeded to Dun- 
lop. In 1684, he got a disposition to the lands 
that had been settled on his father, Alexander ; 
and, in 1685, the Earl of Dundonald resigned to 
him those lands of which he got a conveyance from 
his grandfather, James ; and, in 1687, he had an 
adjudication against his said grandfather, by 
which he got possession of all his estates. In 
1688, he had part of them erected into a free 
barony, by the name of the barony of Dunlop. 
He does not appear ever to have been married, 
and d}ing in 1706, was succeeded by his bro- 

Xvill. Francis Dunlop of Dunlop. He was 
among the gentlemen called upon, at the Union 
in 1707, to witness the deposition of the Scottish 

* Sir John Brown died of a fever at I^th, being a pri- 
soner, September, IG62. — Balf. ANMAiiS. In the year 
1825, his portrait remained in the dining-room of Kow- 
allan House, his widow, Dame Mary Soott, having married 
the laird of Rowallan. 



regalia in the Castle of Edinburgh.* In 1715, 
he took an active part against the Chevalier, and 
was Lieutenant-Colonel, under the Earl of Kil- 
marnock, of a regiment of fencible cavalry then 
raised. He married, first, Susan, daughter and 
sole heiress of John Leckie of Newlands, by whom 
he had, 

1. John; of whom afterwarda. 

2. Hugh, who died a student at Qlasgow College, In his 
17th year. 

a. Alexander. Slajor of the Ennkkillens, which he oom- 
mandud in the unfortunate expedition to Carthagena, 
in 1741 ; and died on his return to Britain, unmarried. 

1. Antonia, married to Sir Thomaa Wallace, Bart, of 
Craigie, but died without issue. 

Secondly, he married a daughter of Sir Kin- 
loch of Gilmerton, and widow of Charles Camp- 
bell, by whom he had two daughters. 

1. Frances, died unmarried. 

3. Magdalene, married to Bobert Dunlop, II.N., and had 
two children. 

He died in 1748, and was succeeded by his son, 

XIX. John Dunlop of Dunlop, f who on the re- 
signation of his father, Francis, in 1748, was infefl 
in the estate. In 1745 he was deputed by the 
gentlemen of Ayrshire, together with Sir Thomas 
Wallace of Craigie, to offer the assistance of the 
county to the Duke of Cumberland. He married 
Frances Ann, last surviving daughter of Sir Tho- 
mas Wallace of Craigie, Bart, (by his first wife, 
a daughter of Colonel Agnew of Lochryan), by 
whom he had seven sons and six daughters : 

1. Francis, died young. 

2. Sir Thomas, who succeeded to the estate of his mater- 
hal grandfather, and took the name of Wallace of 

8. Alexander, died young. 

4. Andrew, who died unmarried, in 1804. This gentle- 
man served in the first American war, and attained 
the rank of M^Jor. He afterwards raised a regiment 
of horse, called the Ayrshire Fencible Cavalry, which 
he commanded until its reduction in 1800. 

fi. James, of whom presently. 

6. John was in the army, but early retired on half-pay; 
married his cousin, Frances Magdalene, as above, by 
whom he had seven sons and four daughters ; and died 
in 1881, leaving issue — 

1. John Andrew Wallace, a member of Council at 
Bombay, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Dr 
Sandwith, E.I.C.S., by his wife, Jane Bamicn 
Boye of Gaftcn in Sweden, who died in 1848, 
leaving issue, Robert Henry, of the Bengal Civil 
Service, bom in 1828 ; Madeline Anne, Elizabeth 
Joanna Emily, and Rosalind Harriet Maria. 

• He was the youngest of five brothers. There were 
also two sisters. Of the other four brothers nothing is 
known, but that one of them went out in the unfortunate 
expedition to Darien, and was never more heard of. The 
eldest sister, Margaret, was married to William Fullarton 
of Fullarton. being his third wife, without issue, and whom 
she survived. She was married, secondly, to Sir Robert 
I>enham, Bart., and left two sons. The youngest was mar- 
ried to an English gentleman of the name of Brewster, 
who was forfeited in the " ill times." She likewise left two 
sons. These four boys, losing their parents in infancy, 
were educated at Dunlop with Francis Dunlop's own sons. 

t John Dunlop. younger of that Hk, was admitted a 
burgess of Ayr In 173S. 

7. Anthony entered the navy eariy in life. He married 
Ann. daughter of Alexander Cuninghame, Esq.. bro- 
ther of Sir William Cuninghame of Robertland, by 
whom he had four sons and three daughters. 

Frances, the third daughter, was married to Robert 
Vans Agnew, Esq. of Bambarrow, and had five aona 
and four daughters. 

Rachel, the fourth, married to Robert Glasgow of Moont- 

XX. James Dunlop, the fifth son, succeeded, in 
1784, on his father^s resignation, to the estate of 
Dunlop, his only remaining elder brother, Sir Tho- 
mas, the second son, having succeeded to the estate 
of Craigie. He served in the American war, during 
which he attained the rank of Major. In 1787 he 
proceeded to India as Captain in the 79th regi- 
ment, where he remained thirteen years, and 
commanded one of the assaulting columns at the 
storming of Seringapatam, where he was severely 
wounded. He returned soon afterwards to Eng- 
land, and served at home. In 1810, having attain- 
ed the rank of Major- Greneral, he was appointed 
to the command of a brigade in the fifth division 
of Lord Wellington's army, and he remained at 
the head of that division during the campaign of 
1811. In 1812, Grenenil Dunlop was elected 
Member for the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, as 
he also was in the two ensuing Parliaments. He 
married, in 1802, Julia, daughter of Hugh Baillie, 
Esq., a younger son of Baillie of Monckton, and 
had issue — 

1 . John, his heir. 

2. Hugh, rJeutenant R.N'., married, in 1881, Ellen Cle- 
mentina, only daughter of Robert Cockbum, Esq. 

8. Andrew Robert, died in 1881. 

1. Anna, married in 1824. to Francis John Davies, Esq., 
Captain in the Grenadier Guards; and died in 182.'^. 

2. Frances, married in 1888, to Alexander E. Monteith. 
Esq., Sheriff of Fifeshire. 

Greneral Dunlop died in 1832, and was succeeded 
by his son, 

XXI. John Dunlop of Dunlop, bom in 1806 — 
an officer in the Grenadier Guards ; who married, 
first, in 1829, Charlotte Constance, daughter of 
General Sir Richard Downs Jackson, E.C.B., and 
by that lady had issue — 

1. .Tames, his heir. 

2. Charlotte Constance. 

He married, secondly, 29th December 1835, Har- 
riet Primrose, eldest daughter of the Earl of Rose- 
berr}'. Sir John, who represented the county in 
Parliament, was created a Baronet in 1838. Ho 
died 3d April, 1839, and was succeeded by his 

XXH. James Dunlop of Dunlop, the present 

Arms — Quarterly : 1st and 4th, argent ; 2d and 
3d, quarterly; Ist and 4th, gules, a lion, rampant, 
argent ; 2d and 3d, gules, a fosse, chequy, argent 
and azure: an eagle with two heads displayed, 



CretL — A dagger in 
ifolicK— Merito. 

a dexter hand, and all 


Hie Cuninghames of the ^^ two merk, six shil- 
fing and eight pennie land of auld extent of Aiket- 
oyer, exdtudye of Auldhall,'^ were descended of 
Bedland, who were cadets of Glencaim. 

I. Ai.£XAia>ER CmmroHAHB got a grant of 
" Owr-Aitkead " from James m. or IV., which 
lands had fidlen to the Crown by recognition, in 
consequence of the heiress, Elizabeth Cunjng- 
liame of Bedland, having disposed of them to 
John, Lord Hay of Tester, without the superior's 
consent. Alexander Cunynghame married Jean 
Kennedie, sister of the first Earl of Cassillis. His 
name occurs in the Acts of the Lord's Auditors, 
date 16th October, 1479.* 

TL Robert Cuninghame of Aiket married 
Helen, daughter of Caldwell of that Bk. He is 
witness to a charter of Hunter of Hunterstoun, 
in 15S5.t 

nL T¥il1iam Cuninghame married Helen, 
daoghter of Colquhoun of Luss. He and his fa- 
mily were guilty of the slaughter of Sir John Muir 
of Caldwell, in 1570. His wife, Helen Colquhoun, 
was accused before the Justice-Depute, of ad- 
ministering poison to him in October, 1577, but 
ahe did not appear. % 

rV. John Cuninghame of Aiket married Helen 
Barclay, a daughter of the laird of Carfin. Issue : 

1. Alexander, his nooesBor. 

3. WflUem, oonoenied in the murder of Lord Es^lintoon, 
in 1586. 

a. Mergaret, wifs of the Laird of Langriiaw. She he- 
tn^ed Lord EgUntoon in 1586. 

4. Matilda, maxried to Cuthbert Ciininffhame of Cofs- 

V. Alexander Cuninghame of Aiket was one 
of the accomplices in the murder of Hugh, Earl 
of Eglintoun, on the 19th April, 1586. He was 
shot by the Montgomeries § near his own house. 

• MOlart Genealogical Notes. 

t The Abbot of Kilwinning set in taok to Aiket» hie heirs, 
fte., the panonage and vicarage teinda of Dunlop for fan 
lUMmef and five nineteen years. 8ee a case as to the 
▼nlidity of a snb-tack granted hi 1656, bj Hugh Lord Mont- 
flosnerie to Xolr of Caldwell, hi pr^adiee of this long taok. 
^XOUU801l*8 Dbcisioks. 

X Fltcaim's Criminal Trials. 

f Robert, Master Ot Eglintoon. obtained a commission by 
the ** Secret CorasaU,** ratified by act of Parliament, to ex- 
pel the denounced rebels ftom the Places of Kobertland 
and Aiket, to put in six men in the former, and four in Uie 
latter house, at the rate of £6 per man per month, to be 
reeorered IWnn the readiest sums that could be raised on 
these retpeetiTe estates. Thus it oontinned till another 
decreet of the Secret Coonsall was obtained by the Con- 
ht g ih a mfa, 26th March, 1691, and ratified by Parliament, 

VOL. n. 

He married Dorothea Boas, and had issue : — 

L James Conynghame. 

S. Maister Alexander, who died aboat 1644, without 

VL James Cunynghame of Aiket occurs in the 
Conmoissary Becords of Glasgow, 1607, 13, 15, 
20, 28. ** Jacobus Cunninghame, laird of Aiket," 
was admitted a burgess of Ayr in 1625. William 
Cunynghame, Tutor o/Aikety is mentioned in the 
testament of John Lockhart of Bar, 1614. On 
the 6th S^tember, 1601, he is served as heir to 
Alexander, his father, in the 33s. 4d. land of Bus- 
toun, in Ealmaurs, but he does not appear to have 
made up any title to Aiket. 

Vn. William Cunynghame of Aiket, who is 
retoured heir to his great-grandfather^s father, 
William Cuninghame of Aiket, 21st March, 1644. 
He had another retour of the same date, as heir of 
his fiither. He married Anna, only daughter of 
Thomas Inglis of Corsflat, town-derk of the burgh 
of Paisley, by whom he obtained a considerable 
fortune. Her father, by his testament, 27th April, 
1625, appointed Mr Fullarton, minister of Beith^ 
as one of her trustees. He had expressed a wish 
that his daughter should be married to Montgo- 
merie of Hesilhead, her kinsman, but her &te was 
otherwise. Aiket was of dissipated habits, and 
used his lady in a brutal manner. The following 
notice of her circumstances occurs in BaUlie's let- 
ters, 20th August, 1641 :— 

*^ Friday, 6th. — A world of Bills came to be 
referred to the Parliament: Among the rest, 
Anna Inglis complaining that her husband, young 
Aiket Cunynghame, having received 40,000 merks 
tocher with her, had deserted her after frequent 
tonnenting of her with strokes and hunger, he 
debauching all with harlots in Paisley. We sent 
two with this bill to the Parliament to get present 
order. The justice of God was in this matter. The 
damsel^s fatiier had left her to be married to Mr 
Hugh Montgomerie of Hesilheid, his wife's near 
cousin. After, his (widow) falls in conceit with 
Allan Lockhart, and gives herself to him, and by 

6th June, 1692, whereby the laird of Robertland was re- 
ceived into the number of his Majesty's sotjects, and re- 
stored to his Place and lands ; but ordering him to give a 
ihll discharge to the Master of Eglintoun for his intromis- 
sions. The same favour was, at the same time, extended 
to the wife of Alexander Cuninghame, styled Dorothea Boss, 
Lady Aiket, who complained bitterly <^ *' the destruction 
of the policie of the place ci Ailcet, housis, yairdis, ordi- 
eardis, and growand tries, sua that the samjm has been 
rwinous and laid waist, but door, windo, lok, ruf, or but 
ony repair, and the dewties prescrivit, rigourouslie exacted, 
to the grit wnck of the pair teuantis, quha ar not addetit 
in sa mekle mail as is extortionat be thame." Her lady- 
ship, however, had also to grant a discharge to the Master 
of Eglintoun for his intromissions, and to become bound, 
under a penalty of 6000 marks, to reset neither her hus- 
band nor any other person concerned in the above murder 
while they lay under a process for it. 




his persuasion, makes her daughter, when scarce 
twelve years of age, without proehimation, to be 
married to his cousin, Aiket. For her reward, 
her husband, AUan, leaves her to pay 10,000 
merks of his debt, which made her a poor vexed 

This was followed by an action of reduction, 
which Anna Inglis brought with the view of set- 
ting aside her contract of marriage with her hus- 
band, on the plea of minority and lesion.* He 
refused his concurrence ; but the court found it 
competent for her to carry on the action in her 
own name, as the husband was the party to de- 
fend— 8th July, 1642.t He had a retour, 30th 
May, 1640, in 2 merk 6s. 8d. land of Over- Aiket, 
as heir of WiUiam Cuninghame of Aiket, his 

VIII. James Cunynghame of Aiket married 
Euphan, daughter of William Russel, minister of 
Kilbimie. He feued the 18s. 4d. hmd of '^ Ned- 
der Auldhall," called Collennan Aiddhall, to John 
Ncilson, eldest son of Archibald Neilson of Auld- 
hall, Collennan, 11th September, 1660. 

IX. James Cunynghame of Aiket, who, in his 
service as heir to his father, James, 29th July, 
1695, is designed Captain. He oonmianded a 
company in the Earl of Glencaim^s regiment at the 
Revolution, which he exerted himself in raising. 
He was an active promoter of the Scots Darien 
Expedition, in the records of which he is designed 
Major James Cuninghame of Aiket. He went 
along with the expedition, having been appointed 
to the chief command ; but he is understood to 
have proven somewhat restive, and speedily re- 
turned to Scotland, leaving the colony to its fate. 
He petitioned the Scots Parliament, 23d August, 
1704, for compensation for alleged losses sustained 
in consequence; stating that he had been em- 
ployed by the Company trading to Africa ; that 
he went as a counsellor, along with the first ships 
to Caledonia; and that, besides neglecting his 
own private fortune, there were due him of ar- 
rears £145, 12s. sterling, and £270 sterling for 
the support of his company in the Earl of Glen- 
caim^s regiment, which he had defrayed from his 
own estate. In 1705 he was allowed so much 
of his daim out of the Poll Tax, imposed for the 
support of the army, the remainder to be paid 
when the whole tax was collected. Major Cun- 
inghame distinguished himself by his opposition 
to the Union, in 1707. He married Dorothea 
M^Adam, daughter to the laird of Waterhead, 
and had issue. His afiairs becoming embar- 
rassed, he was obliged to part with the estate. 

• Le8-age, or non-age, or lesion, a term in Soots law. 
t Morrison's Decisions. 

What became of his family is unknown. Robert- 
son mentions that two ladies who had lived in 
A}T some years before he wrote, were said to be 
the last of the family of Aiket. There was a pro- 
cess before the Presb)-ter}' of Ayr, 22d April, 
1730, against Alexander Cuninghame of ^uL&ea</, 
and his wife, Anna Crawfiuxl, daughter of the 
laird of Kerse, for irregular marriage. This was, 
in all likelihood, the son of the preceding James 
Cuninghame of Aiket. 



Alexander Dmilop of that Ilk, who died about 
1549, settled his estate of Dunlop, or Hunthall, 
on his five sons in succession, viz. : 

1. James Dunlop, who sooceeded to the lands of Hnnt- 

haU, or Dunlop. 
9. William Dunlop. 
8. Constantine Dimlop. 

4. Robert Dunlop; of 'vihom aStermrdB. 

5. Andrew Dunlop. 

I. Robert Dunlop, fourth son of Alexander 
Dunlop of that Ilk. He was designed of Hapland,* 
and is mentioned by that designation as a debtor 
in the testament of Thome Lauchlan, whose set- 
tlement was written out by Alexander Lumsdane, 
curatour, in 1551. He must have had a large 

1. Adam Dunlop; of whom afterwards. 
3. A Btm; of whom afterwards. 

1. A daughter, who was married to John Haxwell of 
Anldhouse, whose progeny bj this marriage snoeeeded 
to the lands of Nether Pollok or PoUiclct 

n. Adam Dunlop of Hapland. He died in or 
before 1573, without male issue ; for his nephew 
succeeded to the estate. 

in. John Dunlop was retoured, January 26, 
1 573, as heir-male or of entail — ^hseres mascules sive 
tallife — of Adam Dunlop, his uncle, in the 6 merk 
land of Hapland in property and tenendry, of auld 
extent, in the parish of Dunlop. Johnne Dunlop 

* There is a Gilbert Dunlop mentioned in a remission 
to Cuthbert Lord Kilmarnoclc* in 1498. 

t This Jolm Maxwell of Auldhouse acquired ** Meilcle 
Glanderstoun," &o., in 16&8. He had confirmations, in 
1572, of two charters from the Abbot of Paisley, dated hi 
16C2. He was alive in 1678. Succeeded, John, his ikther, 
in 1546. Issue — 

I. GeoFge Maxwell of Aiddhouse, minister at ** Memes,'* 
(Meams) was a witness in the will of Gabriel Maxwell, 
minister at Inchnion. April 1631. He died in November, 
1648. He married Janet, daughter of John l^Iillar of New- 
ton (by Geils, daughter of rollick of that Ilk); by whom 
he had, 1. John, his suceessOT. Married, secondly, Jean, 
daughter of William Muir of Glanderstoun ; by whom he 
had, 2. William, ancestor of the Maxwells of Springkell, 
Baronets. He married, thirdly, Janet Douglas, daughter of 
the laird of Watersyde; by whom he had, 8. Hugh Max- 
well, who married Marion, heiress of Maxwell of Dal- 



of Uapland was one of the assize between the fa- 
milies of Hessilheid (Beith parish) and Scotstomi) 
1st December, 1576.* 

rV. David Dunlop "niffered'* or excambied 
with Patrick Cunningham f the lands of Hapland 
foT the lands of Boarhtnd, before 1597, in which 
year Patrick Cuninghame is mentioned in a testa- 
mentary document as now ''*■ laird of Hapland.'* 

V. Dunlop of Boarland. 

YI. John Dunlop of Over Boarland married 
Elizabeth WaUdnshaw. Their land, in 1650, was 
Talued at £100 Scots, supposed to have been va- 
lued by Cromwell^s agents. 

Vn. John Dunlop of Boarland, married to one 
Montgomerie from the ^* Heigh Corce,*' in Stew- 
arton parish. Issue— 

1 . John Dunlop of Boarbmd. 
3. JameBDunlopofLofailiead. 
1. Mai^garet, who died joaag. 

Vlil. John Dunlop of Boarland, married to 
Mary, daughter of William Clerk, portioner of 
Shitterflat, by Margaret Simpson, about 1740. 
Issue — 

1. John. 

3. Wflliun. 
8. James. 

4. Bobert. 

1. Mary. 
3. Siai^^aret. 

IX. John Dunlop of Boarland married Jean Gil- 

mour. She was one of three daughters, heiresses, 

portioners of the Tailend (Dunlop parish.) They 

had a large family, who ail died without issue, 

except two daughters,} viz. — 

1. Mary, who had the half of Boarland, married to An- 
drew Brown of Craighead. She died in 1680, at the 
Hill, the property of her mother's brother-in-law. 
Lwiie now alive— 

1. John Brown, married to Duncan, and has 

1. Jean Brown. 
3. Jean Dunlop, portioner of Boarland, married Thomas 
Beid of Balgray, and has issue — 
1. Robert 
3. John. 

1. Jean. 


I. Gabriel, son of Master John Porterfield of 
that Bk, by his second marriage with Jean Knox, 

• Fltcabm's Crimhial Trials. 

t Cunningham of Boariand was conoemed in a foray 
agmhist Dramlanrig in 1650. The Cuninghames of Boai^ 
land were probably of the Alket family, into whose hands 
tlie property possibly fell through the marriage of Alex- 
ander, tiie ftntof Aiket, with the sister of the Earl of Cas- 

t The late Mrs Steven of Port-Glasgow mentioned, as 
a funOy tradition, that there were nine lairds of the name 
of Dunlop snoeeesiTely inherited Hapland and Boarland — 
tbe tenth generation bdng two heiresses. 

daughter of the laird of Ranfurlie. His father gave 
him the lands of Blau*lin, in 1568. He is sup- 
posed to have been the father of, 

n. Gabriel Porterfield, of the four pund land 
of Porterfield, who infefi, 2l8t Januar)', 1G18, Ma- 
riot Craw^d, his iuture spouse, in Gills, Lothri- 
hill, the Templeland and Maynes of Hapland, with 
the mansion-house, lyand within the parish of 
Dunlop, together also with a lyferent of £100 
Scots. This Mariot was sister-german of George 
Craw&rd, younger of Liffiiorris. Witnesses, 
Alexander Cunynghame, elder, of Corsehill, Hugh 
Cunynghame, servitor to Sir William Cunyng- 
hame of Capringtoun, &c. Subscryvit at the 
Place of Corcehm. ''Gabriell Porterfeild of 
Ilapland" is mentioned in a testamentary docu- 
ment in 1620. 

Jeane Porter/eild^ married to Kobert Hamil- 
toune of Torrence, who died within the burgh of 
Glasgow, December 1658, was probably a daugh- 
ter of this lau-d of Hapland. She left, ^^ in legacy 
to Elizabeth and Mary Porterfeilds, dochters law- 
full to vmqll. Gabriel Porterfield of Haipland, the 
sowme of sex hundreth merks money, equally be- 
twixt them,*' &c. 

ni. Gabriel Porterfield of Hapland, son no 
doubt of the foregoing, married Jean Maxwell. 
They made a contract of alienation with Mr Da- 
vid Dickson, minister at Irvine, 24th December, 
1633, of their 44s. land of Crawfield, in the parish 
of Beyth, in liferent, and his son, in fee. He and 
his spouse had a conjunct liferent sasine in the 
two nierk and half land of Dunlophill, Wattir- 
land, and Halketh, with the loch thereof, on a 
charter of Robert Montgomerie of Hesilheid, 
dated 24th May, 1634. Both had also a precept 
of sasine, 29th July, 1637, in the fyve merk land 
of Aikhead- Wallace, on a sale charter from WU- 
liam Wallace of Johnstoun (in Renfrewshire) and 
Agnes Porterfield, his spouse. Gabriel Porter- 
field of Hapland had another sasine of the four 
pund land of Brockilmuir, from William Cun- 
ynghame of Lagland. The Baillie in that part 
was John Porterfield of Greenend. 

Sir Johne, son of Sir James Cunynghame of 
Glengamock, by a disposition, dated at Castle- 

Cunynghame, in the coimty of in Ireland, 

28th June, 1632, disposed to Gabriel Porterfield 
of Hapland and Jean Maxwell, his spouse, the 
lands of Crawfield, in the parish of Beith. He was 
a witness to a certain paper, dated 3d Novem- 
ber, 1641 , but died before 1648. He had issue, 

1. John, his snooeesor. 

2. Alexander, who snooeeded his brother. 

8. B]ixabeth,(?) wilb of Mr Hugh Peeblis, minister at 
Loohwinnooh about 1650. Two of their ohildren died, 
and were buried in the churchyard, in 1686. They 
had surviving. 



1. Marion PeebUs. married to Jamw Coehnme — 
ooarin and chamberlain to the Earl of Dmidonald 
—of MainshiU, before 1687. 

2. Jean Peeblls, married to John Wallace of Nell- 
stoonayde, ancestor of the laird of Kelly. 

8. Catharine Peeblis, married to Matthew Hammill 

of Boughwood, in 1681. 
4. Daughter, married to Alexander Cmyngfaame of 

Caimeorran, in Kilmalcolm parish. 

4. Mariot (or Mary?) Porterfleld, married to Robert Fer- 
guBhill of that Dk, 8th February, 1635, who infeft 
Mariot Porteriield, hie ftttnre sponse, in hia mandon- 
hooB^ and the lands of Anchintiber. 

rV. John Porterfield of Hapland, 19th October 
1648, had a retour, as heir-male of Gabriel For- 
terfield, his £Either, in the four pund land of Brock- 
welmure, part of Caprington ; fiye merk land of 
Aiket- Wfdlace, &c. ; two merk and half land of 
Dunlop Hill, &c.; part of Wattirlandis, -with the 
corn-mill, &c. ; part of Halkhead, with the loch, 
&c. He was also retoored, 4th January 1649, as 
heir to his father, in the four merk land of Leff- 
noreis, the pendicle called the Ward, the ten shil- 
ling land of Blackwodhill, in Eingiskyle, and in 
the twa merk land of Swaidis (vel Snaidis) in the 
barony of Auchinleck. The laird of Hapland was 
ruling elder in the parish of Dunlop in 1649. He 
died without issue, and was succeeded by 

V. Alexander Porterfield of Hapland, who had 
a retour, 5th October, 1653, as heir to his bro- 
ther, John, in the four pund land of Brockwell- 
muir, &c He had a retour, 5th October, 1658, 
as heir of his Either, Gabriel, of Lei&orris, and 
pendicle called Ward, ten shilling land of Black- 
woodhill, in Kingskyle, twa merk land of Snaidis, 
&c He also had a retour, 3d November, 1654, 
as heir of John, his brother, in the four merk land 
of Leifiioreis, and the ten shilling land of Black- 
woodhin, within Kingskyle. 

VI. Gabriel Porterfield of Hapland sold the 
Grawfield, 15th December, 1676, to John Peebles, 
to be holden of the disponer. This disposition 
was signed at Hapland; witnesses, Alexander 
Cunynghame, younger of Robertland, Magister 
James Ounynghame of Tour of Kilmaurs, &c. 
James Steill of Muirstoun, writer in Beith, was 
factor of this estate in 1708. He left an account 
of his intromissions; and mentions the lady as in 
her widowhood. He was succeeded, probably, 
by his son, 

yn. Gabriel Porterfield of Hapland, who mar- 
ried Elizabeth Cuningham, daughter of the laird 
of Craigends, about 1720. Issue — 

1. Alexander Porterfield of Hapland. He fell from hia 
horse in returning fh>m Stewartonn, about 1766 or 
1770, and was killed, nnmanied. 

1. Johanna Porterfleld, married to Thomas Trotter of 
Mortonhall, and other extensive poaaessions in Mid- 
Lothian and Berwickshire. Their share of Hapland 
consisted of the manor-place of Hapland, and aboat 
300 acres of land. General Trotter was a son of this 
onion, and the property is still possessed by their de- 
scendant* Sheriff Trotter. 

9. Maijgaiet Porterlidd, married to John HamHtoft gf 
Barr, in the parish of Locfawinnoch, in 1751. They 
had a nnmerons family. 

8. Ullias Porteifleld, married to William SommcrviUe 
of Kennox. Their daughter married to Coknel Mao- 
allister of Loup, in Kintyre, and also proprietor of the 
remainder of Hapland. 

4. The third daughter married a oommon tradesBiB, 
and waa disinherited. 


There are several small proprietors in the pa- 
lish of Dunlop, whose fiunilies can boast of con- 
siderable antiquity. Amongst these may be men- 
tioned the Gr^mells of Templehonse, whose an- 
cestors were in possession of the property before 
1570, in which year 

I. Patrick Gemmil of Tempilhouse was one 
of the jury on the trial of ^* William Cuningfaame 
of Aiket, William Fergushill, Florence Crau^urd, 
and John Raebum of that Hk, delatit of the 
slaughter of ymqle. Johnne Mure of Cauldwell.'^ 

From an ** Inventory of the writs of all and 
haiU the Templeland of Duidop Hill, commonly 
called Templehouse,** it would appear that, in 
June 1596, the foresaid Patrick resigned the Tem- 
plelands into the hands of the superior, LordTor- 
phichen, in favour of his eldest son, 

n. John Gemmill, and Isobel Ross, his sponse, 
in liferent, and to John Gemmill, their son, his 
heirs and assignees, in fee. John Gemmill died 
before his father, and apparently without surviv- 
ing issue,* for there is a precept of clare constat^ 
dated 24th October, 1617, granted by Robert 
Montgomerie of Hesilheid and Tempill Con- 
nynghame, in favour of 

in. Patrick Gemmill, brother to the late John 
Gemmill, who died last vest and seised in the said 
lands, reserving to Patrick Gemmill, father to the 
said John Gemmill, his liferent over the said lands. 
He was succeeded by his son, 

IV. John Gremmill of Templehonse, who had 
a charter from his father, dated 15th December, 
1656, of the lands of Templehonse, in implement 
of a matrimonial contract with " Agnes Smith, 
his future spouse, and langest livend of them 

V. John Gemmill of Templehonse succeeded 
his grandfather. He had a precept of clare con- 
stat^ dated 13th November, 1754, granted by Mr 
William Wallace of Caimhill, " in favour of John 
Gemmill, as nearest and lawfiill heir to the deceast 
John Gemmill of Templehouse, his grandfather." 

* John, the grandson of Patrick, though he most have 
died young, appears to have been married, for *' Elizabeth 
Howie, spouB to Johnne Gemmill, zounger of Templlhoos, 
in the parochin of Dunlop,'* died in the month of August, 



The instrument of sasine following thereon is dated 
6th December, 1759. He was succeeded by 

VI. John G^mmeU of Templehouse, who had a 
precept of clare constat^ by Thomas Wallace, Esq. 
of Caimhill, dated 8th April, 1789, '' in favour of 
John Gremmell of Templehouse, only son of Pa- 
trick Gemmell, who was eldest lawful son of John 
Gemmell of Templehouse, as the nearest and lawful 
heir of his said grandfather." He was infeft in 
the lands 20th September, 1790. He was suc- 
ceeded by his son, 

VJLl. John Gemmell of Templehouse, fiither of 
VJLll. John Genmiell of Templehouse, the pre- 
sent proprietor. 


I. James, second son of John Dunlop of Boar- 

land, the seventh laird. He was styled of Loanhead, 
or of the Mains of Aiket. He married Agnes, 
daughter of John Service of the Holms of Cauf, 
in the parish of Dairy. His son, 

n. James Dimlop of Loanhead, or the Mains 
of Aiket, married Agnes, daughter of James 
Black, Fennel, now of Locherbank, Eilbarchan 
parish. He died at Beith, Ist June, 1829. Is- 

1. James Donlop, merchant in Glasgow, and othen. 
He mairied Marianne, mdj daogliter and hetresB of 
the late Andrew M'MUlan, Esq., merdiant in Port- 
Glasgow, on the 36th August, 1817. He died in the 
beginningof July, 184S. Issue — 
1. James W. Donlop. 
3. Robert Dunlop. 

The collateral branches of the Dunlops were 



There can be little doubt that Chalmers is cor- 
rect in deriving the name of this parish from the 
Anglo-Saxon, Fen-wic., signifying the village at 
the fen, or marsh. The marshy nature of the sur- 
rounding country, though now greatly drained 
and improved, amply supports the accuracy of 
the derivation. There is a hill in the vicinity of 
the village or viUages of Finnick, called Fenwick 
Hill.* It is, however, scarcely prominent enough 
to have given the name to the district. 

The parish is about nine miles long, and up- 
wards of six broad — ^resembling, in form, an ob- 
long square. It is bounded on the cast by the 
parishes of Loudoun and Kilmarnock ; on the 
south by Kilmarnock ; on the west by Stewartoun ; 
and on the north, by Meams and Eaglesham.f 
The highest part of the parish is about 700 feet 
above the level of the sea, to which height it at- 
tains by a gradual ascent. The higher and lower 
portions of the parish present very different fea- 
tures. The land in the former is almost wholly 
pastural, while in the lower it is capable of the 
highest cultivation, and produces excellent crops. 
The lower portion is, consequently, thickly dotted 
with farm-steadings, while the upper is thinly 
peopled. RowaUan and Craigendunten Moors 
occupy the greater portion of the upper range. 
The pasture, however, is good, and excellent stock 
is reared upon it. No small portion of the soil 
has been of late redaimecl by draining, and large 
patches of cultivation intersect the moorlands. 
The mosses are extensive, and dangerous to life, 
some farms having not less than a hundred acres 
of it within their boundaries. The climate is con- 
sequently moist; yet it seems to be healthy, if we 
may judge from the longevity of the inhabitants. 

• There were two "Finnlcta,"— "Finnlck-hfll'' and 
** Little Fiimick,'* — poeaeasions of the Mores of Bowallan. 
t Statistical Aooount. 


Fenwick was originally a portion of Kilmarnock 
parish. The disjunction took place by Act of 
Parliament, in 1641. It is thus of comparatively 
modem erection. The act directed that the pa- 
rish should be called the New Kirk of Kilmarnock, 
The populace, however, in matters of this kind, 
pay little attention to Acts of Parliament. It was 
popularly called Fenwick, from a small village at 
a short distance from the church — ^which name 
has long been imiversally recognised. The new 
church was built in 1643, and a minister planted 
in 1644, provision having been made for his main- 
tenance from the tithes of the old parish of Kil- 
marnock. Around the new church a village gra- 
dually arose, called New Fenwick, or the Kirk- 
town, which b now of more importance than the 
original village. By the Act of 1641, the patron- 
age of the church was settled on the Earl of Kil- 
marnock ; but in the reign of Charles 11. it passed 
to the Boyles of Kelbume, and now belongs to 
the Earl of Glasgow. 

The first minister of the parish was the cele- 
brated Mr Guthrie, whose memory is still greatly 
revered in the district. At his settlement among 
them, it is understood that the people were sunk 
in deep ignorance and barbarism, and Mr Guthrie 
had the merit of producing, in tiie course of the 
twenty years he continued in the parish, a decided 
change for the better. Great multitudes flocked 
from Glasgow, Hamilton, Lanark, and the adja- 
cent districts, to hear Mr Guthrie^s sermons, so 
popular did he become. Wodrow, in his History 
of the Sufferings of the Church of Scotland^ has 
preserved the following commission to Rowallan 
" to bear down vice," as illustrative of the mode 
by which this change was effected : ^* At Fenwick, 
December 2d, 1674. — The whilk day the heritors 
and kirk-session of Fenwick convened, by virtue 



of the 22d Act of the Sd Sesaiou of the 2d Pari, 
of King Charles 11., entituled, ^ Act against Pro- 
faneness,^ of the date September 1672, did, accord- 
ing to the appointment of the foresaid Act, 
nominate, likeas by these presents we do nomi- 
nate William Muir of Kowallan, younger, resi- 
denter within the said parish, as most fit to exe- 
cute the penal statutes of several Acts of Parlia- 
ment against cursing, swearing, and other pro- 
fimenesses exprest in the foresaid Act, and other 
Acts therein specified : And did, likeas, by those 
presents do appoint and earnestly desire Sir Wil- 
liam Muir of Rowallan, elder, to present this 
unanimous nomination of the said William Muir, 
younger of Kowallan, to the cfiect foresaid, to the 
right honourable and noble lord the Earl of £g- 
lintoun, Baillie of Cuningham, and to entreat his 
lordship to grant commission, in terms of foresaid 
Act, and a deputation to the said William Muir 
of Kowallan, younger, for convening the persons, 
transgressors of the foresaid statutes against pro- 
faneness, and to judge them according to law. In 
witness of these premises we have subscribed these 
presents," &c. He had made himself too conspi- 
cnous, by his zeal in the cause of the Covenant, 
to be overlooked by the government after the 
Restoration; so that he was among the ^^ outed" 
in 1664 — ^which event he survived little more than 
a year. His remams were iuteiTed at the Cathe- 
dral of Brechin, in the vault of Pitforthy, to which 
family he belonged. 

Under such a ministry, it is to be presiuned 
that the inhabitants of the parish would be emu- 
lous' of the religious zeal of their gifled pastor. 
We accordingly find that a stem resistance was 
maintained against the government. One of the 
most distinguished officers ^^ among the Cove- 
nanters (Captain John Paton) was a native of the 
parish. He was bom at Meadowhead, of which 
his father was farmer, and was himself employed 
in agricultmre till the age of manhood, when he 
went abroad, and engaged as a volunteer in the 
German wars. For his heroic conduct at a siege, 
he was raised per scUtum to the rank of captain. 
On his return to Scotland, his courage and mili- 
tary experience gave him a prominent place in 
the transactions of his persecuted country. Of 
his prowess in battle many instances are recorded. 
He fought at the battle of Worcester, where he 
distinguished himself by his services, and so deeply 
impressed General Dalzell with admiration of his 
courage, that long afterwards, when Paton had 
been condemned, he applied to the king for his 
pardon. At Bothwell it is said he acted as colonel 
though he did not retain the title. After the de- 
feat of Bothwell he was declared a rebel, and a 
price ofiered for his head. His escapes were nu- 

merous and romantic He afforded shelter in his 
house at Meadowhead to several of the persecuted 
ministers ; and it is said that Mr Cargill baptized 
at one time twenty-two children in his house. He 
was at last taken at Floak, in the parish of Meams. 
On his way to Kilmarnock, he was accidentally 
met by Greneral Dalzell, who affectionately em- 
braced him, and assured him that he would apply 
to the king for his pardon. The General kept his 
word, and solicited and obtained the pardon ; but 
Bishop Paterson inhumanely detained the order 
till after the execution. His Bible, which he 
handed to his wife on the scaffold, along with his 
sword, are still preserved as heir-looms by his 
descendants. The people of Fenwick, in gratitude 
for his services, have erected a tombstone to his 
memory." * 

There are still the descendants of another fa- 
mily in the parish who sternly resisted the oppres- 
sion of the times — we mean the Howies in Loch- 
goin, a remote farm in the south-eastern extremity 
of the parish. ^^ The house," sa^-s the writer in 
the Statistical Account^ ^^ is altogether inaccessible 
on the east to horsemen, and an active man could 
not, even though acquainted with the locality, at 
night cross the moss, by which it is defended, but 
at the risk of his life ; and no stranger could ven- 
ture across it with safety, even in daylight, without 
a guide. On the west, the only direction from 
which it can be approached, a sentinel was always 
stationed in time of danger, whence he could com- 
mand an extensive view of the whole country as 
far as Ailsa Craig and the hills of Arran, and thus 
no body of troopers could reach the house before 
the inmates had time to escape into the morasses. 
A situation like this was invaluable to the Cove- 
nanters, and it was the point at which the utmost 
vigilance and attention of the dragoons were na- 
turally directed. Twelve times was the house 
plundered, and as often did the people escape. 
On such occasions, the money was removed, and 
buried in the neighbouring mosses. It happened 
once that they were nearly taken by surprise, and 
had only time to conceal the coins, without being 
able to reach the spot. In spite of all subsequent 
search, it remained in the moss for more than a 
century, when the place was accidentally disco- 
vered. After an extensive search, some scores of 
British and foreign coins were discovered. These 
are preserved by the family as very interesting 
relics. The Fenwick flag, which waved at Both- 
well, Kilsyth, and Drumclog, is also preserved" 
at Lochgoin.f 

• Stotiftical Account. 

t The Bev. Edward Irving paid a visit to Lochgoln. and 
is said to have looked upon this relic **with an interest 
almost amounting to devotion." 



The churchyard of Fenwick attests the nature 
of the struggle to which the inhabitants were sub- 
jected during what is called the Second Reforma- 
tion in Scotland. It contains two tombstones, 
upon which are inscribed the following memo- 
rials: — 

1. " Here lies the dust of John Fergushill and 
George Woodbum, who were shot at Midland by 
Nisbet and his party, 1685/' 

**Wtaen bloodj prelates, once tiieee nations' pest, 
ContriTed that cursed self^oontradicting test, 
These men for Christ did snffer martyrdom. 
And here their dost lies waiting tiU he oomeV 

2. " Here lies the body of James White, who 
was shot to death at Little Blackwood, by Peter 
Inglis and his party, 1685/' 


This martyr was by Peter Inglis shot, 

By hhrth a tiger rather than a Scot ; 

Who, that his monstrous extract might be seen, 

Cut off his head, and kidc'd it o'er the green ; 

Thns was that head which was to wear a crown , 

A football made by a profane dragoon." 


The ruins of the strong house of Polkelly, now 
the property of the Earl of Glasgow, still remain. 
They occupy a portion of the rising ground north 
of Muiryet, on the main line of road between 
Glasgow and E^ilmamocL This tower, with the 
lands of Polkelly, was one of the earliest posses- 
sions of the Mures of Rowallan. It has long been 
in ruins. 

The church, built in 1643, still exists, and the 
oaken pulpit, occupied by Mr Guthrie, is regard- 
ed with no common interest. Within these few 
years, and probably still, the old practice of 
preaching by the sand-glass was kept up. " When 
the preacher has annoimccd the text from which 
he is to preach, the precentor brings forth from 
a small box a half-hour sand-glass, which he 
places on an iron stand. When the glass has run 
out, he removes it, and the preacher after that 
only adds what he finds necessary."* 


The writer in the Statistical Account appends 
the following as a note to his account of the pa- 
rish. We cannot vouch for its accuracy, but think 
it worthy of copying. It has, no doubt, some 
foundation in fact. PatheUy Hall is probably a 
popular mistake for Polkelly^ which was of old 

* Statistical Account. 

called Pothkelly : ^^ There is a tradition connect- 
ed with a house in this parish which is worth re- 
cording. King^s WeU has long been known as a 
principal inn between Glasgow and Kilmarnock. 
It stands on one of the most elevated spots in the 
parish, and is flanked on the west by a deep flow- 
moss, over which a road has been formed within 
the last few years with extraordinary difficulty, 
the moss being in many parts so soft that a dog 
could not have walked across without sinking. 
At some distance from King^s Well stood Path- 
eUy Hall, a baronial residence of the Cochranes, 
at that time a place of some importance, but of 
which there is now hardly a vestige. Hither one 
of the Jameses was proceeding to administer jus- 
tice on occasion of some feud or foray, of which 
the details have not been preserved. The aflfair 
was sufficiently serious to occasion no slight ap- 
prehensions on the part of those who had the mis- 
fortune to be implicated, and the approach of the 
monarch awakened many conflicting emotions of 
hope and fear. After a long ride over very diffi- 
cult ground, and in one of the highest and most 
exposed districts in Scotland, his Majesty had at 
last acquired an appetite too sharp to be compa- 
tible with comfort. He was obliged therefore to 
alight at the nearest house, which happened to be 
a peasant^s cottage. The gudewife supplied him 
with very homely cheer ; but luxury was then in 
a great measure unknown, and a king would have 
been contemptible who could not rough it with 
the hardiest of his subjects. After a hearty meal, 
he was proceeding to depart, when the good wo- 
man told him that her husband was one of the 
prisoners whose trial had been the main object of 
' his journey, and that he surely never would have 
the heart to hang a man after having eat his break- 
fast sitting in his arm-chair. This appeal the rules 
of hospitaUty rendered irresistible. When he 
reached PatheUy Hall, he singled out the husband 
of his hostess, lectured him on the impropriety of 
his conduct, and dismissed him with an admonition 
to be a better bairn. He next commenced hia 
investigation, and finding eighteen of the prisoners 
guilty, hung them up forthwith on a hawthorn, 
which is stiU pointed out, and displays obvious 
marks of great antiquity. On his way to Path- 
eUy HaU, his horse drunk at the spot where the 
King's WeU now stands, and shortly afterwards 
sunk in a quagmire, which is stiU caUed the King's 
Stable. His Majesty long remembered the ride, 
of which he used often to detail the particulars, 
and the Ayrshire roads were represented as im- 




No fiinulj of note i^>pean to haTe resided in 
the pazish of Fenwick, except the Mures of Pol- 
kellj. This is sufficiently accounted for by the 
ori^uially bleak nature of the greater portion of 
the district, and the &ct of its having bdonged in 
large tracts to adjacent proprietors, such as Row- 
allan, now possessed by the Marquis of Hastnugs, 
CSrawfurdland, Cunmghamehead, &C. A few small 
pvoprietorships hare recently vpnmg up. 


The first of the Mures of Polkelly, according 
to the historian of the Mures,* was Ranald More, 
a kinimian of Sir Gilchrist More of Rowallan, who 
had come firom Ireland, and aided him in his feuds 
with the Cununs, as well as fighting under his 
banner at the Largs, where Sir Gilchrist obtained 
great credit for his prowess. To this Ranald More 
he gave the house and lands of Polkelly, together 
with a portion of the Muir of Rowallan, which 
property continued in the possession of Ranald^s 
family tiU the marriage of the heiress, Janet Mure, 
gnndchild of Ranald, with Sir Adam Mure of 
Rowallan, once more united the estate with Row- 
allan. It was, howerer, branched off a second time 
by the son of this Sir Adam, also Sir Adam Mure 
of Rowallan, who gave his second son, Alexander, 
*■*' the barronie of Pokellie, together with the lands 
of Limfiare and Lowdowne hill, qherein his lady 
was infeft.** This occurred, we should suppose, 
before the middle of the fourteenth century. The 
property thus settled upon Alexander, was fur- 
ther enhanced by the acquisition of the lands of 
Hareschaw and Drumboy, all within the district 
of Cuningfaame, although described in the precept 
by Lord Ckdloway and Annandale, for giving in- 
feftment, as lying in the ^* Barronie of Strachanan 
and Scherefdome of Lanrick,^^ which precept is 
dated in U17. 

The house of Polkelly, of the surname of Mure, 
continued a distinct branch firom Rowallan, ' Werie 
neer ane hundereth and fyfiie yearis,*^ till towards 
the end of the fourteenth century, when, by the 
death of William Mura of Polkelly and all his 
male children, the whole inheritance became the 
property of Robert Ciminghame of Cuninghame- 
head, who had sometime previously married Mar- 

• **TlM Htatoite sad Deiocnt ot the Hoom of Sowallane." 
YOL. U. 

garet, his daughter and heir. Polkelly continued 
in possession of the Cuninghamehead family till 
the death of the last of them, in 1724, when it 
was soon afterwards acquired by the Earl of Glas- 

FmnichhiU and Little Fmnick also latterly be- 
longed to minor branches of the Mures of Row- 
allan. They were long possessed, however, by 
the Amots of Lochridge, in the parish of Stewar- 
toun. Sir Gilchrist More, already alhided to, gift- 
ed to '* Edward Amot the two finnicks, for year- 
lie payment of ane paire of gloves at S. Lawrence 
Chapell, and of ane paire of spures at S. Michaell*s 
Chapell, embleames of reddie service.*' One of 
these Fenwicks, called Wat, or Wattis, Fenwick, 
now the Kirktoun, was acquired by Robert Mure, 
i^parently a son of Rowallan, from ^^Andreus 
Amot de Watt fenik, filHus et heres apparen. 
eduardi Amot de lochrig,** in 1497.* Notwith- 
standing this alienation of **vatt fanike,*' the 
Amots seem to have resided at Fenwick imtil a 
comparatively recent date. The testament of 
Alexander Amot of Lochrig, who died in Novem- 
ber, 1623, is dated ** at Fynnick, the xxi day of 
November,*' in that year ; and the conclusion of 
the document states, that ^* thir presents ar writ- 
tin be me, Alexr. Conynghame of Corshill, at the 
directioun of the said Alexander Amot, in his aum 
Jtow o/Fynjdcky'^ &c. 


The lands of Gardrum, with those of Skemey- 
land, Ladeside, and Laighmoor, in the neighbour- 
hood, belonged, prior to the Reformation, to the 
Abbey of Elilwinning. After that period, they 
fell into the hands of Alexander and John Hamil- 
ton (father and son) of Grange. This appears 
firom a decree of the Court of Teinds, dated 8th 
July 1635, charging them with minister's stipend 
for these lands, Fenwick being then in the parish 
of Kilmarnock. 

Not long afterwards, Gardrum fell into the 
hands of James Kelso (of the Kelsoland &mily 
probably), whom we find making a disposition of 
Gardrum — 18th December, 1697 — ^in fiivour of 
his son, James Kelso, younger. 

Again, James Kelso, younger, gives a disposi- 

• Hittorie of Rowsllaa. 



tion of the landa of Gardrum in favour of Mathew 
Hopkin, merchant, Kihnamock, dated 19th June, 
1703 ; who makes them over to Nininn Bannatye, 
chamberlain to Lord Boyle, his wife, Barbara 
Wilson, and David Bannatyne, their eldest son, 
on the 10th September of the same year; and in 
1710, they receive a feudal right from Alexander 
Hamilton of Grange. 

David Bannatyne of Gardrum* died in 1784 
or 6.t He was succeeded by his brother, a drug- 
gist in London, whose retour in the lands of Gar- 
ihrimi, Skemeyland, Laighmuir, and Ladeside, is 
dated 10th January, 1785. 

Ninian Bannatyne was succeeded, 6th August, 
1790, by Dugald Bannatyne, merchant, Glasgow ; 
and, on the 2d February, 1791, Dugald is suc- 
ceeded by John Carse of Meiklewood, Alexander 
Hamilton of Grange being still feudal superior. 

In March, 1793, John Carse was succeeded in 
the proprietorship of Gardrum by James Dunlop 
of Polkelly, who, in turn, in 1819, gave place to 
Robert Lindsay of Horselybrae, whose grandson, 
Robert, is the present proprietor. His ancestors 
long resided either at Bruntland or Dalmerster- 
nock, in the parish of Fenwick. 

It may be mentioned that, in 1793, March 7, 
James Dunlop granted to William Sheddan six- 
teen acres of the lands of Grardrum, commonly 
called Gardrum-miln. This portion, therefore, 
does not belong to the present proprietor. A 
small property, part of Gturdrum, called Tristrim- 
hill, afterwards Blackfauld, consisting of two acres 
or thereby, was also disposed of about the begin- 
ning of the last century, by the younger Kelso, to 
James GiUdson, smith, Tristrimhill, of which 

• David Ballantine of Gardram was elder Ibr Ayr to the 
General Amemblj, in 1744.— At b Becords. 

t Captain John Ballantine, late of Gardrum, gave £10 to 
the poor of Ayr, in 1780.. He was probably a son or bro- 
ther of I>avid. 

three endourses were made. This latter por. 
tion, however, has again been attached to the 
Gardrum property, which is regarded as a goodly- 
sized and well-conditioned farm. 


The Howies in Lochgoin are a family of old 
standing. They are said to have sprung fix)m a 
family of Waldenses, who took refuge in Scotland. 
The earliest notes we have of them is firom the 
testament of ^^ Johnne Howie in Lochgoyne, with- 
in the parochin of , the t3rme of his 
deceis. Quha deceist in the moneth of Februar, 
1614, ffaythfiillie maid and gevin vp be his awin 

mouth, &c Legacie — ^At Lochgoyne, the 

xviii day of Februar, 1614 — The quhilk day, &c. 
Quharin he nominatis, constituts, &c., Dorathie 
Gemmill, liis wyfe, and Arthore Howie, his sone, 
his onlie executouris, &c. To equallie distribute 
the deids* pairt aman^ the said Arthor, William, 
Stein, Andro, Alexander, and Agnes Howie, his 
baimes,*^ &c.* 

The pretensions of the Howies to a considerable 
antiquity are thus well-founded. Lochgoin forms 
part of Bowallan Moor, so that they had been 
originally tenants of that ancient barony. John 
Howie, who died in 1793, was the author of the 
Scot3 Wortkies — a work of universal &me. His 
son also, John Howie, was the author of a work 
called the Fenwick Visions, in which there is a 
singular record of visions of armies, in battle ar- 
ray, &c., seen in the parish of Fenwidc, imme^ 
diately before the rebellion of 1745, and the break- 
ing out of the long war with France. 

* Johnne Howie of Lochgoyne, and James Howie, his 
brother, occur in the testament of Johnne TtandellJa, pas* 
singer, in Kilmamock, April, 16U. 



The Dame of the pansh is one of the few in 
Ayrshire deriyed apparently from the Anglo- 
Saxon. Chahnen supposed it to have originated 
with some person of the name of Gull, to which 
was added tun^ or totem, signifying Gall^s posses- 
sion. Chahners makes a near guess at what may 
be considered the truth. In early records the 
name is spelled GallysUmn, or Ckiulistoun, the 
name of a place also in Gralloway. In the reign 
of David 11. James Boyd had a charter of ^^ the 
lands of Gauylistoun, in Galloway, quhilk John 
GauUstoun forisfecit." Thus we see that Galston 
in Galloway was so caUod from a person of the 
name of GauU; and though we cannot show that 
Galston in Ayrshire belonged to the same party, 
yet it was similarly written, and was no doubt 
similarly derived. 

Galston is situated in that division of Kyle 
called Kyle-Stewart, from its belonging to the 
High Steward of Scotland, the great overlord of 
the district. *^Its greatest length is about 13 
miles, and its greatest breadth about 4^ ; but its 
figure is very irregular, and accordingly its super- 
ficial extent is found to be scarcely 23 square 
miles. It is bounded on the east by the river 
Aven, which divides it from the parish of Aven- 
dale; on the north by the Irvine, which separates 
it from Loudon and Kilmarnock ; and on the west 
by the Cesnock, which divides it fi^m Biccarton 
and Craigie.** * On the south it is bounded by 
Mauchline and Som. 

Hie tox>ographlcal appearance of the parish 
presents considarable variety — hill and dale ming- 
ling in admirable confusion. Bums says, in his 

Holy Fair,"— 

** The rising Bun onre Galston muin 
Wi' glovloQfl Ugbt was glintin' ; " 

• Stotistical Account. 


so that we have here a jucture of wildness asso- 
ciated with the running streams and rich valleys 
of the Irvine, the Bumawn, and the Cesnock — 
the banks of which latter stream are the scene of 
one of Bums^ early and most exquisite lyrics : 

*■ Her Toleeis Uke the evening thruah 
That flings on Cesnock bai^ unaeen, 
While hia mate aits neatling in the hnaht 
And ahe's twa aparkllng, rogoidi een." 

The highest of the eminences is called, appropri- 
ately enough, Distinct-hom. It is situated near 
the south-eastern extremil^ of the parish, and is 
about 1100 feet above the level of the sea. To 
the north-west of this is Molmont-hill, nearly 
1000 feet high. *^ The general character of the 
soil," says the Statistical Account, ^^ in the higher 
and eastern parts of the parish, is loamy and 
sandy, with a considerable tendency in many 
places to peat ; in the lower and western parts, 
the most prevalent soil consists of different va- 
rieties of day. In the eastern parts, which are 
generally covered with heath, there are found 
many trunks of trees of considerable magnitude. 
One of these was lately dug up from a piece of 
mossy ground, which appears formerly to have 
been a small lake, about 500 feet above the level 
of the sea. It proved to be a magnificent oak, 
with a straight trunk, which had once been 48 feet 
long, and is still 3| feet in diameter at the upper 
extremil^. Two large pieces, in good preserva- 
tion, are now kept at Lanfine 'garden. Whether 
this tree and its fellows, already mentioned, are 
to be regarded as the remains of the Caledonian 
Forest mentioned in the Classics, or to be referred 
to a still more ancient epodi in the history of our 
globe, must be left for the decision of more com- 
petent authorities than the writer of this account. 
Along the south bank of the Irvine there are fi^m 
400 to 500 imperial acres of rich holm land, which 
appear evidently to have been formed by succes- 
sive deposits from the river. It is certain, at least, 



that the riyer has at some period trayersed ahnoat 
evexy part of this rich tract; and it may be re- 
marked, to the same purpose, that the uniformity 
of the soil and subsoil throughout its whole extent, 
as well as the considerable difference of level at 
the two extremities, preclude the supposition of 
its haying been deposited at the bottom of an an- 
cient lake." The only streams in the parish of 
Galston are those alrefwly alluded to-^die Inrine, 
which bounds the parish, and divides Kyle from 
Cuninghame ; the Aven ; the Bumawn — a small 
rivulet which joins the Irvine at the village of 
Galston; and the Cesnock, which also joins the 
Irvine at the western boundary of the parish. 
The only lake now in the parish is that of Loch 
Gait, an insignificant marsh. Bruntwood Loch, 
which was much frequented by water-fowl, has 
wholly disappeared, having been drained a num- 
ber of years ago. As in most of the other parishes 
of Ayrshire, rapid strides have been made in agri- 
cultural improvements. 


The scene of the suooessful rencontre between 
the patriot Wallace, and the English convoy un- 
der Fenwick, in 1297, took place near to Loudoun 
Hill, but within the boundaries of the parish of 
Galston.* Bruce lay with his army at Gralston, 
previous to overthrowing the English army under 
^ Amyr de Valence, not fiur from the same spot, 
in 1307. The cairn, which is said to maA the 
vicinity of these battles, says the Statistical Ac- 
count, ^^is still in existence, in the vicinity of 
Loudoun EGU, though considerably diminished by 
the repair of the neighbouring stone fences. The 
*• rude fortification,^ however, which is said in the 
former Statistical Account to have sheltered Wal- 
lace and his handful of followers, performed the 
same office to a much more numerous body of 
warriors, probably not less than a thousand years 
before. It is evidently a Boman camp, chosen 
and fortified with all the military science for which 
that celebrated people were distinguished. Its 
ramparts, though much reduced by time and the 
depredations of the husbandman, may be distinctly 
traced throughout its whole extent ; and the Prse- 
torian and Decuman gates are in a state of toler- 
able preservation. The original camp, to which 
these remarks apply, is 180 yards long, and 114 
broad ; but there is another enclosure upon a low- 
er level towards the south, which seems to have 
been added upon a subsequent occasion, to accom- 
modate a larger force, or perhaps originally de- 

« See vol. i. p. 36. 

signed for the quarters of the allies. This addi* 
tion lengthens out the parallelogram to 258 yards. 
It does not appear that there have been any gates 
at the extremities of the Piincipia ; and indeed it 
is not to be expected fix)m the nature of the ground, 
which, on the right and left sides, slopes down- 
wards for twenty or thirty yards, with the declivity 
of a rampart. Upon one of these slopes there was 
found, in 1831, a silver coin in good preservation, 
having this inscription — C^esab Avotstvs divi 
F. Pateb Patbi^. This coin is now in the pos- 
session of Thomas Brown, Esq., the proprietor of 
the estate on which the camp is situated, who is 
also in possession of another Roman coin, found 
along with many more, a little to the eastward, in 
the parish of Avendale, and inscribed, divvs Ak- 
toninvs.* These &cts and observations, takeo 
in connection with the existence of a Boman mili- 
taiy way, which may still be traced on the oppo- 
site bank of the Irvine, furnish incontestible evi- 
dence that the parish of Galston has received at 
least one visit firom the masters of the worid ; and 
it furnishes a striking proof of the stupendous scale 
upon which that wonderfhl people conducted their 
affairs, that marches and encampments, too trivial 
to be recorded in their military histories, have 
thus certified their own existence during a period 
of not less than 1600 years. In connection with 
these Roman remains, may be mentioned another 
military station on the Gabton bank of the Aven, 
about two miles farther to the south. It is nearly 
surrounded by the river, and fortified, where it is 
not so, by a rampart and ditch. Its traditi<mai7 
name in the neighbourhood is Main Castle, which, 
as there is not the slightest vestige of a castle in 
the modem sense of ti^e word, involuntarily sug- 
gests to the classical scholar the Latin designation 
of Minora Castra, In the absence of evidence, 
therefbre, to establish any other hypothesis, it may 
not improbably be conjectured to have contained 
a detachment of the army stationed on Allantcm 


With all due deference to the respected writer 
in the Statistical Account, it seems fUly more pro- 
bable that the small encampment, thus described, 
was a British fortlet and not a Roman station. 
In the vicinity of the Roman encampments there 
are invariably to be found one or more native 
strengths ; for we must recollect that almost every 
inch of ground was contended for against the ad- 
vancing enemy. Its being on the Galston, or 
oppoate side of the Aven from the Roman en- 
campment, is in itself evidence of its having been 

• Numeroiis coins have been dieoovered from time to 
time in the p«ri»h of Galston. Mr Brown Is In poeseaelon 
of a Tariety of silver pieces bearing the names of Alexander. 
Darld, and Edward. 



a Britiah encampment, oooatnicted to obeorve the | 
moTements of the foe. The btrnks of the Doon, 
which, like the Irvine, was ahK> trayened by a 
Boman way, are studded, in a similar manner, 
with British entrenchments, at points command- 
ing a Tiew of the Roman line of road. 

The traditional name of Main Castle renders 
it probable that a castle actoally oocopied the 
spot in later times than the era of the Romans. 
There is good reason for believing that castles 
existed in this country at a much earlier period 
than is generally supposed; and, as other in- 
stances prove, the &ct of the existence of any 
particular building soon becomes lost after all 
Testiges of it have been removed. There is, no 
doubt, some foundation for the tradition, other- 
wise, why is the term castle not traditionally ap- 
plied to all similar Roman or British remains? 

In more recent lames, during the momentous 
struggle connected with the Reformation, Gal- 
ston parish sustained a part fiilly equal to the rest 
of the countiy. Her chiefs, Cesnock, Bar, and 
Galston, took dedded parts in the struggle, and 
were well sustained by their dependents. In the 
list of fugitives prodaimed by Government in 
1684, twenty belonged to (jalston parish. 

Galston village, which no doubt had its origin 
in the ancient tower belonging to the early pro- 
prietors of the lands of Galston, is now a thriving 
village, with a population of upwards of 4000. It 
is deli^tfully situated on the south banks of the 
Irvine, nearly opposite the policies of Loudoun 
Castie. It has the best means of communica- 
tion, the roads in the vidnil^ being both excellent 
and numerous. 

As to the ecdesiastieal history of the parish, 
Chalmers says, " the church of Galston was dedi- 
cated to St Peter, and a fair was annually held at 
Galston on St Peter^s day, the 29th of June.* 
The fiiir has declined in business and importance, 
but the custom of lighting fires on the neighbour- 
ing hills, on the evening before the fair, is still 
continued, t The church -of Galston was granted 
to the Convent of Red Friars, which was founded 
at Faile, in 1252 ; and it continued to belong to 
that establishment till the Reformation. The 
church was served by a vicar, who had a stipend 
of five chalders of victual, yearly, with a manse 
and glebe ; and the brothers of Faile enjoyed the 
remainder of the revenues. In Bagimont^s Roll, 
as it stood in the reign of James V., the vicarage 
of Galston was taxed at £4, being a tenth of the 

• In 1707, Sir Alexander CampbeU of Cesnock obtained 
■n Mt of Parliament for holding *« fearly IkirB and mer- 
eaten at the towiu of Oalstoon and Kiocartonn." 

t These flres are no doabt the remains of the Dniidical 
festival at the mmmer sobUoe. 

estimated value. At the epoch of the Reforma- 
tion, the vicar*B income of five chalders of victual 
was let for the payment of 50 marks, or £88, 6s. 8d. 
yearly, which was greatiy under its real worth. 
Besides the five chalders of victual, which was 
payable to the vicar, the minister, or chief of the 
Convent of Faile, drew fi<om the parsonage tithes 
of Galston nine chalders two bolls of victual, 
yearly, at the period of the Reformation. Out 
of this, he was obliged to pay £40 annually to the 
exhorter, whom the Reformers placed in the 
church. Before the year 1471, a chapel was 
founded in the tower of Galston, which was de- 
dicated to the Virgin Mary; and a chaplain was 
endowed for performing divine service in it. On 
the 8d of November, 1489, Mr John Charteris, 
as chaplain of Galston, * obtained a letter of con- 
firmation of the lands of Lenfene, in Kyle-Stewart, 
which were settled on him for life. In 1578, the 
patronage of the chapel of Galston belonged to 
Campbdl of Cesnock. The chapel was not then 
used ; but the right of patronage seemed to give 
a right to the property of the chapel. After the 
Reformation, the patronage of the parish passed 
through the hands of several proprietors, and was 
at length acquired, in 1787, with a large estate in 
the parish, by Miss Scot of Scotstarrit, [late] 
Duchess of Portland." The old church, which 
was superseded by a new one in 1808, was built 
before the Reformation. The new church — of 
"a neat quadrangular building,"— occupies the 
site of the old, and is surrounded by the ancient 
burying-ground. In the interior of the church, 
below the norUi gallery, a tablet of black and 
white marble, bears as under : ^^ The burial place 
of the Campbells of Cessnock and their descend- 
ants, the Campbells of Mayfield, extends in front 
of this wall 12 feet by 8 feet. To perpetuate their 
remembrance, this plate is put up by Bruce Camp- 
bell of Mayfield, Anno 1809." 

On the east wall of the galleries, to the right on 
entering firom the staircase, is a handsome mural 
monument to the memory of an illustrious native 
of Galston, Lieut. -Col. Hutchinson ; and to the 
left is another design of the same school, bearing 
a long record of the births, marriages, and deaths 
of the ancient, but now extinguished family of 
Nisbet of Greenholm. Both of the monuments are 
of marble. That of Colonel Hutchinson has the 
following inscription : — " In memory of George 
Hutchinson, Esq. of Galston, late Lieut. -Col. of 
his Majesty's Ninety-eight Regiment of Foot. 
During the American war, he was first aid-de- 
camp to the l^ght Honourable Earl Percy, and 
Deputy Adjutant-General of the Grand Army. 

* Alexander ArbuUll was oiumie of Galston in 1651. 



His martia] abilities, iindaimted braveiy, and he- 
roic feats, had long attracted the notice of hia 
sovereign, who was gradoualy pleased to honour 
him with seven diiierent commissions. He fell a 
sacrifice for his country in an Engagement in 
India, the 5th of September 1782, aged 46 years. 

*• Be thoa MthM unto death. 
And I will give thee a Crown of Ufe.** 

The monument of the Kisbets bears this record : 
*^ Sacred to the memories of Archd. Nisbet of 
Greenholm, Esq., descended of Nisbet of that Hk, 
eminent in King David the First's reign, 1126, 
eldest son of Robert and Barbara Nisbet, who lefb 
issue six sons and four daughters. Bom 6th Oct. 
1689; married Elizabeth Hogg, 6th August, 
1727 ; died 25th Sept. 1764, aged 75 years. Had 
issue five sons and ^even daughters by his wife 
Elizabeth, daughter of Hogg of Harcarse, who 
died 23d Aug. 1756, aged 46 years. Also Ann, 
their daughter, bom 1 Nov. 1732, died 20 Aug. 
1741), aged 16 years." 

^* Sacred also to the memories of David Nisbet, 
M.D., youngest son of Robert and Barbara Nis- 
bet ; bom 10 July, 1703 ; married 2 Sept. 1736, 
the eldest daughter of Sir Thomas Rinton ; died 
29 March, 1773, aged 70 years, leaving no issue. 
Also David, fourth son of Archd. and Elizabeth 
Nisbet ; bom 18 Janry. 1742 ; married Sophia 
Williams, 8 May, 1773. This monument is erect- 
ed by their fourth son, David. 

** Data gant ipsto qnoque fkta sepakhris."* 

The churchyard furnishes more than one me- 
morial of the part which the parishioners took 
in the civil and religious struggle of the seven- 
teenth century: — 

*^ This stone is erected by public contribution 
in the parish of Galston, in honoor of those be- 
longing to it who suffered at the glorious era of 
Scotland's Covenanted Reformation. May it stand 
for ages as a Monument of Abhorrence at Tyranny 
in Church and State, as a grateful and well-me- 
rited tribute to those illustrious men who success- 
fully struggled to resist it. May it excite in the 
breaj^ts of posterity an attachment to the Noble 
Cause of Religious and Civil Liberty ; and if ever 
circumstances should require it, an ardour to 
emulate the noble deeds of their ancestors.^' 

The west face of the stone, bearing the following 
inscriptions, has cut across the upper part of it a 
representation of ^' Galston's Covenanters* Flag.'* 
On the centre of the banner is engraved a thistle, 
and above it an open book, bearing ** God is ever 
the same.*^ Around the ends and top of the flag 
runs the motto, " For God and State, Kirk and 

■ 6recnh<rim Is in the parish of Londoon. 

Covenants, and the work of Reformation," with 
*^ Galston," along its lower onfurled extremity. 
Above this representation is cut ^* Renewed in 
1828," and below all is the following inscription : 

'* In Memory of John Richmond, younger of 
Know, who was executed at the Cross of Glasgow^ 
March 19th 1684, and interred in the High 
Churchyard there, and James Smithy East Threep- 
wood, who was shot near Bank on Bum, Ann. 
1684, by Capt. Inglis and his dragoons, and 
buried there. 

**Also James Young and George Campbell, 
who were banished in 1679, and the Rev. Alex- 
ander Blair, who suffered imprisonment, 1673." 

East Face. — ^At the top is a miserably executed 
bas-relief, meant to represent one man shooting 
another, and between whom is a sand-^Lass two- 
thirds of their stature. Above this scene is an 
open book, marked Rev. xii. & 11, and below is 
cut as under : 

^* Here lies Andrew Richmond, who was killed 
by bloody Graham of Claverhouse, June 1679« 
for his adherence to the Word of God and Scot- 
land's Covenanted work of Reformation. 

** Where bloody tyrants here did rage 
Over the Lwd's own heritage, 
To peneeate his noble canM 
By mischief framed into laws.** 

The remaining lines are covered by the soil.* 

In reference to education, it is gratifying to be 
able to state that it is ample. Besides the parish 
school, there is now a free school, erected and en- 
dowed from £4000 left for that purpose by Charles 
Blair of Longhouse, one of the heritors of the 
parish. Another legacy of £1000 were left by 
John Brown of Waterhaughs, to be expended in 
clothing and educating an equal number of chil- 
dren from the parishes of Loudoun and Galston. 
The parish records extend as far back as 1568, 
although they have not been regularly kept till 
1692. The oldest of the registers is devoted to 
baptisms. The session minutes exhibit the usual 
routine of business, and the constant labours of 
the session to reform the habits of the people. In 
reference to morality, Galston does not seem to 
have been at all in advance of the other parishes 
of Ayrshire — Sabbath breaking,! and promiscuous 
sexual intercourse prevailing to no inconsiderable 
extent, j: 
In 1592, when the records began to be regu- 

• The Churchyards of Ayrshire. By William DoMe. 

t 28d March, 1628.— George Lockhart of TempiU, and 
John Adame cit Brewlanda, having been Bommoned beftMre 
the seeslon, ** confttt the break of the Sabbath be striking 
ilk ither." 

t 24th September, 1S28. — A scale of penalties resolved 
to be exacted finom fbmicators. 



larly kept^ the ^^^pune of the puir" is put down 
— ^2d April:— 418 amounting to xlijs. 7d. 

Some idea may be formed of the interior of the 
old church from the following mmute: — ^^27th 
August, 1626. The qlk. day the seasioun con- 
desoendit that George Lockhart of Tempill his 
dasse sould stand and remaine still in the south- 
eist nuik of the kirk, with the forme qrof. it is 
presently set vp, ay and quhile the sessioun think 
expedient to build ane laft, at quhat tyme the 
hdght of the said dasse sail not exceed the cor- 
balb," &c. 

14th January, 1629. — No caution to be exact- 
ed in proclamations of marriage. As in most 
other places, it had been the practice to demand 
pledges from the parties '^ buikit." 

19th August, 1688.—^' Qlk day the Laird of 
Banr delyrered to the sessioune xiiis. 4d. qlk. 
rested of the xiiijiibs. that was send to Edinburgh 
to buy the Kirk Byble." 

This was probably the first ^' Ejrk Bible ^* pos- 
sessed by the parish, although there had been an 
act of the Privy Council passed in 1575, ordain- 
jQg (ifyve pundjs" to be collected in ^^ every 
perocfain" for the purchase of a Bible. The act 
is in itself curious — ^^ That In euerith paroche 
kirke thair be a Byble remaining In sic forme as 
salbe thocht expedient be the kirke, and allowit 
and sett furth be our auctoritie, and that thair is 
gude characters and printing Imis already within 
oore Realme, proper and sufficient for Wirking 
and Imprendng of the said Bible, and that zit 
the charge and hasard of the wark wilbe great 
and sumptuous, and may not well be performit 
without euery parochin, as weill to Burgh as 
Landwart, advance aforehande the sowme of f^Tc 
pnndis, viz. fi>r the price of the said Bible, weill 
and sufiidentlie bunde In paist or tymmer, foure 
pundis xiijs. iiij pennies, and for the Collectioim 
the Yther sax shillingis and aucht pennies : Thair- 
fore our saide Regent, Nobilitie, Estaittis, and 
CounsaU allowing of the saide overture, and will- 
ing to extende our auctoritie to the furtherance 
thereof, hes ordanit that the said sowme salbe 
coUectit of euery parochin be the Bischoppis, &c., 
and brought to Alexander Arbuthnot, burgess of 
Edinburgh, the fumissar of the said warke.'' 

This act had a double purpose, to extend the 
use of the Bible, and promote the printing of it 
in Scotland. Five pounds was the sum conde- 
scended upon by the Lords of Council as the price 
of the Bible and Collection; but we see that Gal- 
Bton had forwarded to Edinburgh no less a sum 
than fourteen pounds ^* to buy the kirke Bible." 

Galston kirk, like those of most of the other 
parishes, had its Reader after the Reformation. 
On the 19th March, 1639, the session ordained 

that the Reader, Hector Campbell, should have 
no wages, remuneration for his services arising 
from certain gratuities. By another minute, 27th 
December, 1639, it was statute that the session- 
clerk, for the performance of certain duties as 
reader, ^^ and for the gude attending on ane 
schoole," should have ^^ three schillings Scots 
from ilk fyre house within the paroche,'* &c. 

From the proximity of Galston to Loudoun 
Hill, the rendezvous of Montrose after the victory 
of Kilsyth, the parish seems to have been in a 
very excited state at the time. Various parties 
were subsequently brought before the session to 
answer for their misdeeds. 

*^Junel6,1646. — Present, minister, Galstoune, 
Sombeg," &c., certain parties were summoned for 
buying plundered goods firom the enemy, i.e. 
the soldiers of Montrose. ^^ Lykwyse compeirit 
James Finlay and Johne Browne, for going to 
Bodellbrig quhen the enemie ware ther, but de- 
nyed they stopit ther at all, and confessed that 
they bought a horse ; lykwyse that James Find- 
lay restored his to the owner of it, and Johne 
Browne hes oblished himself to restoure his lykwyse 
if it be challenged. However, censure ut supra, 

^^ June 23, 1646.—Qlk day compeirit Wm. 
Mortoune, for buying plundered goods from Kil- 
marnock, quho confessed he bought some wool, 
but nothing else, and lykwyse that he restored it 
to the owner, whose censure is ut supra. Lyk- 
wyse compeired Geo. Stinstoune for the same 
business, quho confesses he bought a pair of old 
plyds, but hes not yet restored them, but hes pro- 
mised to restore them if they be awned, quhose 
censure is tU supra,^* 

A number of others were at the same time be- 
fore the session for similar offences. 

July 25, 1646. — William Law, to answer the 
slander of slaying another man^s bull in time of 


The most ancient buildings extant in the pa- 
rish are those of Bar Castle and Cesnock House, 
the former possessed in early times by the Lock- 
harts of Bar, and the latter by the Campbells of 
Cesnock. There is no remains of a strong-house 
which can be assigned as the residence of the 
Keiths or Stewarts of Galstoun. The *^ tower of 
Galstoun" frequently occurs in old writs, and 
Chalmers mentions the fact of a chapel having 
been erected in it, so that such a building must 
have existed at some period or other. T^e cas- 
tle of ** Gastoune^' is, in short, mentioned as in 
existence at the same time with that of Bar, by 


PAXI8H or OAurroN. 

Sir James Balfour, in his manuscript *^ Collec- 
tion for the Shires of Scotland.'* Ko vestige of 
it, however, now remains, and **the oldest in- 
habitant" has no recollection of ever hearing of 
it. Bar Castle is now almost surrounded by the 
village, though originally the situation must have 
been at once secluded and pleasant. The tower 
is planted on a gentle knoll on the banks of the 
Bnmawn. It is a massive oblong square, of mo- 
derate height, and still in good preservation — a 
modem slate roof having been substituted in place 
of the ancient stone flags. The principal entrance 
was by a short outside stur, reaching to the first 
floor above the keep. There is scarcely any ves- 
tige of additional buildings having at any time 
existed in connection with the tower, which seems 
to have retained its pristine character of a ** tower," 
long after these buildings, by additions and alter- 
ations, had generally begun to assume the name of 
places^ or mansion-houses. Bar Castle was a fitvou- 
rite haunt of a well-known, but unfortunate local 
poet of no small merit, John Wright, whose ^* Re- 
trospect,'' and other poems, are highly creditable 
to the unlettered muse of Scotland. He repeatedly 
alludes to the tower, but more especially in one 
of his small pieces addressed to " Bar Castle" : — 

*'Bar Castle I tentnfleM and wild! 

Dome of delight I dear hsnnt of mine I 
The thock of ages thoa hast ibiled. 

Since fiai the last of Lockhart's line ; 
Thoo, left a hermit, to grow gray 
O'er swallow, crane, and hiid of prey.** 

The walls of the old garden, though somewhat 
dilapidated, still enclose a space of ground devot- 
ed to gardening purposes ; and in a field adjacent 
stands a majestic elm, among the branches of 
which, according to tradition. Sir William Wal- 
lace, upon one occasion, concealed himself fix)m 
his foes. Whether this may be the case or not, 
the tree is of undoubted antiquity, as its huge 
sapless, hollow tnmk, and bare extended wither- 
ed arms, clearly evince. It is celebrated as ^^ The 

Warrior's Tree," in a pleasant little volume of 
prose and poetry, entitled, ^* Recreatioiis of Lei- 
sure Hours,"* by Ardbibold M^Kay, author of 
the '^ History of Kilmomock," &c. 

" The vision has passed, hot the warrior's tree. 
Though fluling *neath Timels chilling hliglit* 
Still wares its broad branches alone on the lea. 
The hauit of brare Wallace the Wight." 

'' In the trunk of the tree," says Mr M'Kay, *' is 
a cavity ample enough to contain several per- 
sons ; and apart firom the story of Wallace, to the 
lover of nature it cannot &il to be highly inter- 

Cesnock House, which is still inhabited, is si- 
tuated about a mile and a-half firom GaJston, &r- 
ther up the Bumawn. It occupies a steep bank at 
one of the numerous bends of the stream, forming a 
natural defence on two sides of the building, and 
probably it was at one time defended on the other 
by a trench, cut firom bank to bank of the pic- 
turesque Bumawn, whose beauties are depicted 
in language of intense local attachment by the 
poet already mentioned: — 

•* (Sear, wild, romantle rill I at sound of thee 
How thrilled affection throbs throng every vein! 
A loYclier fountain search were vain to see; 
From hills so rich, nePer leaped into tiie main 
Thy likeness yet, nor rolled through wealthier plain. 
The genius of thy waters is the maid 
That moistened Eden — and, tmhort, here reign 
Peace, lore, i»imeval parity, airayed 

In garb that peooanoy to stain yet never strayed.** 

Cesnock House is a large building-— several addi- 
tions having, from time to time, been made to the 
original square tower — ^the whole forming rather 
more than three sides of a square. It yet retains, 
even in its deserted state, an air of mellowed 
grandeur, if not magnificence, amply attesting the 
wealth and importance of the family who once re- 
sided within its walls. It is surrounded with some 
fine old trees, and commands a pleasant view of 
Loudoun Castle, on the opposite side of the Ir- 
vine, and of a great portion of the valley. 



Wood, in his Peerage of Scotland^ supposes that 
Sir John Keith, Great Marischal of Scotland, 
who died before 1270, had a third son, ancestor 
of the 

Keffhs of Galstoxtm, in Ayrshire,! and fiuher 
of the gallant Sir William KeitJi of Galstoun, who 

• Kilmarnock: H. Crawfbrd and Son, 1844. 

t Sir Edward de Kdth, Great Mariachal at Sootland, 
who foieoeeded hi 18S4, married Isabel dc Kcth, aald to be 
of the fiMnily of Oalstoun. 



repttlaed the English with extraordinary valour at 
Berwick, in 1318. He accompanied Sir James 
Douglas on his expedition to Palestine with the 
heart of King Rob^ I. in 1880. He commanded 
in Berwick in 1883 ; was ambassador to England 
in 1885, when he obtained a safe-conduct for him- 
self and «ixty horsemen in his retinue, and was 
killed at the siege of Stirling with his own lance, 
1886. He ** left a daughter, Johanna Keith, heir- 
ess of Grslstoun ; married, first, to a gentleman of 
the name of Hamilton;* secondly, to Sir Alex- 
ander Stewart of Demeley, and had issue by both.'^ 
This explains a charter, confirmed during the re- 
gency of the Dake of Albany, by Johanna de Keth, 
Domina de Grallystoun, to her son, Andrew de 
Hamyltoun, of her lands of Gallystoun, in the ba- 
rony of Kyle, and shire of Are, viz., Tholock, 
Uvermomunde, Langsyde, Br3mtwod, Some, Kirk- 
toun, and Dun^yane. The original charter is 
dated at DalserfiT, the 10th December 1406. Among 
the witnesses to the charter are William de Ha- 
myltoun, and John Stewart, sons of the said Jo- 
hanna, the latter son being designated Domina de 
Crukjstoun. John CambeU of Gallystoim is also 
a witness to the charter, so that the Keiths had 
only possessed part of the lands of Galston. 

The next possessors we find of Galston were the 
Stewabts — ^no doubt a branch of the Stewarts of 

L William Stewart, feodatarii de Galstoun, 
whose son, 

n. Thomas Stewart of Galstoun, was retoured 
as heir of his father, March 24, 1603, viz., *^ in 
terris de Galstoun, molendino de straith, et bra- 
sina, apud ecclesiam parochmlem de Galstoim, cum 
3 acris terrs eisdem spe<!tantibus, in baronia de 
Tarboltoun,t et balHatu de Kyle-stewart." Old 
extent, £16, 13s. 4d.; newextent, £83,6s.8d. Tho- 
mas Stewart of Galstoun is mentioned in a variety 
of documents, from 1601 till 1643. In 1632 oc- 
curs the testament of Jeane Ros, spous to Thomas 
Stewart of Galstoun, who died in December, made 
and given up by the said Thomas Stewart, in name 
and behalf of Margaret and Barbara t Stewarts, 
their lawful bairns. He married, again, Anna 
Boss, a aster of his former wife. This appears 
from the testament of Dame Mareoune Boill, i*e- 
lict of vmqle. James Archbishope of Glasgow, who 
died in November 1636, ** maid and gevin vp be 

* The gentlemmn, as Wood elsewhere shows, was Sir 
David de Hamilton, an ancestor of the ducal house of Ha- 
milton, who died in 1392. 

t John Stewart, Lord of Kyle, eldest son of Robert, the 
Steward of Scotland, granted the lands of Tarbolton and 
Dmmlej to his cousin. Sir John Stewart of Damelcy. 

X 30ih July, 1636.— Baptized to the laird of Galstoun 
sne lawfhll daughter, callit Barbara. — Witnesses, Bur and 
Sombeg. — Pabibh Reoobob. 


Thomas Stewart of Galstoune, hir sone-in-law," 
&c. "Legacie — ^At GUusgow, the 24th day of 
September, 1636 zeiris. — ^The quhilk day Dame 
Mareoun Boill, &c. Item, I heirby nominat Tho- 
mas Stewart of Galstoun, my sone-in-law, and 
Anna Ros, my dochter, conjunctlie, &c., my onlie 
executours, &c. Item, my saidis debtis being payit, 
I leive the rest that sail be free to be devydit be- 
tuixt the said Thomas Stewart his baimes procreat 
betuixt him and vmqle. Jeane Ros, my dochter, 
and the said Anna Ros, my other executrix, sche 
being in lyf," &c. Thomas Stewart of Galstoun 
frequently occurs in the session records, and his 
name is mentioned in a testamentary document so 
late as 1643. He appears to have been succeeded 

ni. Lodowick Stewart of Galston, who married 
Agnes Hamiltone.* He died at Glasgow, in May 
1650, leaving apparently no issue. By his latter- 
will he made over his whole substance to his unde, 
Greorge Rosse of Brownhill, Renfrewshire, brother 
of his mother, who was afterwards styled 

I. George Rosse of Galstone.f He married, 
first, Gnssell Maxwell, who died at Paisley on 
the 4th of April, 1647, leaving at least a daughter, 
Anna Rosse. From her testament, it appears 
that William Maxwell of Kowglen was the tutor 
of the deceased. The daughter only survived till 
the 4th of October of the same year. He mar- 
ried, secondly, Jeane Stirling, of the house of 
Glorat, and died in July, 1665, leaving two sons, 
George and Mungo, but whether by his first or 
second wife does not appear. The following is 
the substance of his testament : *^ Lattre-will and 
legacies. — ^At Glasgow, the xix day of July, 1655. 
The quhilk day Greorge Rosse of Galstone, &c., 
constituted William Andersone, yr., pordoner of 
Newtone, his sole executour, &c., lykas he nomi- 
nats, makes, and constitutes WilUam Barkclay of 
Peirstone, James Rosse of Thometone, and the 
said William Andersone, or any two of them, tu- 
touris testamentouris to George and Mungo Ross, 
his lawfull children, during the zeiris of thair pu- 
pilaritie, &c. Item, he Ueves in legacie to Alex- 
ander Roflse, his naturall sone, &c., the soume of 
ane thowsand markis, &c. Item, in caice it sail 
pleis God to remove the said George and Mungo 
Ross, his childrein, befoir they sail attaine to the 
aige of sevintein zeiris compleit, then, and in that 

* Agnes Hamiltone, Ladie Galstone, occurs in the testa- 
ment of Michaill Maire of Dalley, 1648. She could hardljr 
be the wife of Thomas Stewiut of Galston, although he 
may have married a third time. 

t There were Rosses, proprietors to a considerable extent, 
in Galston parish before this time. Mathew Ross of Hayn- 
ing was served heir of his father, '* Magistri Mathei Roe 
de Hayning," April 16, 1619, *'in terris de Haynlug pa- 
roche (Hayning-Ross), Overton, Xetherton, Ranee, Rod- 
dingis." fcc. 




caice, he lievcs in legacie to the persones eftir spe- 
cifit, &o., to witt, to Ji-aiie StirliniJ- of Glorat, his 
spous, the eqiiall half of that soiinio of might thow- 
sand markis that is dew to him be Sir Muiigow 
Stirling of Glorat, be vertew of his contract of 
ranrriage; as also, to the said Katherine Rosse 
of Dreghome, the sonme of anc thowsand markis, 
qnha is dochter lawful! to the said ^nnqle. John 
Rosse of Dreghome; fKirder, the said George 
Rosse does heirby lieve to the said Alexander 
Rosse, his sone, in caice it sail pleis God that the 
said George and Mungo Ross, his cbildrein, sail 
depairt this lyfe, &c., all and haill, the sowme of 
ane thowsand markis," &c. 

II. George Ross of (Jnlstoun, one of the Com- 
missioners of Supply in 1715. He married, first, 
Lady Christian, third daughter of James, second 
Earl of Loudoun ; secondly, the widow of Alex- 
ander Craufurd of Kerse. 

Previous to this, the greater portion of the lands 
of Galstoun, Bar, llsiyning, and other properties, 
had been acquired by the growing family of Ce5- 
nock. In 1580, we find Charles II. as heir of 
Charles, Duke of Lennox, retoured, amongst 
others, in the lands of (lalstoune. 


In the Ragman Roll (about 1297) there is a 
** Malcolm Lockhart del Conte de Air," possibly 
the progenitor of the Lockharts of Bar. That 
the family was of ancient standing, mid had con- 
siderable ramifications in Avi'shire, there is no 
doubt. The Lockharts, during the sixteenth and 
seventeenth centuries, were amonorst the leailinc: 
citizens of the burgh of .\yr, some of them being 
merchants of no small enterprise. The first with 
whom we meet in charters is, — 

I. Andrew Lockiiaut, who had a charter of 
the lands of Bar, Gallartlands, Makiff\v^odeis, and 
Newtoun, in the baronv of Walter's Kvll, from 
Robert III. No date is given, but it must have 
been between 1390 and 1400, the limits of that 
monarches reign. John Lockhart, probably a 
brother, or his son, had a charter of the lauds of 
Dairy, Auchinbert, in the barony of Walter's 
Kyll, from the same monarch. The next that 
appears is, — 

II. John Locarde de le Bar, one of the jury in 
a dispute between the burgh of Irvine and Francis 
of Stane, respecting the right to a piece of muir 
ground. The paper containing the decision, in 
the archives of Irvine, is dated 1417. 

UI. Johne Lockhart of Bar, whose name first 
occurs in connection with a feud with the Stewarts 

of Ochiltree, in 1550.* Jofm and Hugh, his bro- 
thers-german, are also mentioned in the Criminal 
Records, f I^ockhart was a zealous supporter of 
Knox, and in the same year was warmly engaged 
in the spoliation of various churches. His name 
occurs in a " remission to Robert, T^rd Bovd, bv 
Ilenrj' and Marie, for assisting the Duke of Chaa- 
selheniult in taking the Castles of Haddington 
and Di-aflln," dated 28d April, 1560. t " In the 
beginning of the year 1556, Knox was conducted 
by Lockhart of Bar, and Campbell of Kinean- 
deugh, to Kyle, the ancient receptacle of the Scot- 
tish Lollards^ where there were a number of adhe- 
rents to the Reformed doctrine. He preached in 
the houses of Bar, Kineaucleugh, Camell, Odiii- 
tree, and (iadgirth."§ He signed the band, along 
Avith a number of other Ayrshire gentlemen, for 
the protection of Knox, when the Reformer pro- 
ceeded to that county on his famous expKidition 
to meet Abbot Kennedy, of Corssraguel, at May- 
bole, in 1562. He married a daughter of Mure 
of Rowallan, relict of the laird of Newark. He 
had issue, 

1 . JamcB, who predeceased him. On the 1 0th Jnlf , 1 588, 
WR3 baptized Williaia Lockhart, aon to Jaiuea Lock- 
hart, youDjfcr of Bar. | 

2. John, Wlio succeeded. 

lit* diL'd in or before 1575, in wliich vear his son, 

IV. Johiie JxK'khart of B»ir was ser\'ed heir. 
He seems, like his father, to have taken an active 
interest in public affiiii*s. Knox mentions that 
*' the young laird of Biu*" was "a traveller" in 
the affjiir of a projected marriage between Queen 
Mary and the King of Sweden, in 1562. This, 
however, must have refeiTcd to his elder brother, 
James. He married a daughter of ^lure of Row- 
allan, he and liiri fiither having thus married two 

V. (jrcorge Lockhart of Bar is mentioned in 
the testament of John Campbell in Boinlland, in 
1601. George lockhart of Bar again occurs in 
the testament of " AVilliame Brown, merchaiid 
burges of Air," in 1613 ; while ** Johne Lock- 
hart of Bar and his wife," ai\j also mentioned in 
the same document. 

[It would appear fi'om what follows (No. VII T.), 
that the lauds of Bar pa.«?sed about this time from 
the I^)ckharts of Bar into the hands of their re- 
latives, the Lockharts of Boghall, near Ajt.] 

VI. Johnue Lockhart of Bar, who died in 
1614, and from whose latter- will the followinff ia 
an extract: — '* Testament, &c. and Inuentor, &c. 

• Vol. i. p. 0.52. 

t lie had another brother. Alexander, killed, accord' ug 
to Ksiox, at the sici^v of Lc:th. 
t »oyd Charter Chest. 
5 M'Crie's Knox. 
fi Tarish liei-onls. 




qlks. pertcinit to vrnqle. Johnne Lockliart of Bar, 
. . . Quha deoeist in the moneth of Aprile, 
1614, ffaytfullie maid and geviu vp be his awin 
mouth, &c. 

Debtifl awand out .... To Johnne Lock- 
hart, sone to Getyrge Lockhart^ sumtyme of Bar,* 
to be payit to him eftir the deceis of his fcther and 
mother, the sowme of fvve thowsand and thrie 
handrith markis. To William C^'n}llghame, tutor 
of Aiket, TwsL thowsand and sevin hundrith markis. 
To Jeane Cmynghame, dochter to the I#aird of 
Bobertland, Twa thowsand twa hundrith markis. 
. . . To James Campbell of Steiustouu, his 
baimes, aucht hundrith markis. 

Legacie. At Air, the saxtein day of Apnlc, 
1614, The quhiik day the said vniqle. Johnne com- 
mittb his saull to God, his crcatour and maker, 
to be with him in glorie as redeimit with the 
pretious bluid of his saviour and redeemer, Jesus - 
Chryst; and ordnnes his bodie to be bureyt in the 
kirkzaird of Air, in the burial phicc of his vmqie. 
father. Item, he nomiuats, &c. Man^oun Cvu- 
ynghame, his spoils, Johnne, ^largret, and Jonet 
Lockharts, his baimes, his onlie executoui'is, &c. 
Item, he willis and ordaues the sidd Mareoun 
Cvnynghame, his spous, to intromit, &e., quliill 
the said Johnne I^ckhart, his sone, be twentie 
ane zeir of age compleit, quiierby scho may keip 
and hald him at the scholls eredutiouue and yer- 
tew, qohill they may defray and pay to the said 
Johnne Lockhart of Biir, his Lawful! debtis awand 
be him. Item, the said Johnne Lockhart of Bar 
loYcinglie intreitis, rcqiieistis his honorabill and 
loving I^Iaisters, Alexander Erie of Dumfermling, 
Chanceler of Scotlaiul, my Lord Abircorne, my 
Lord of Lowdoun, and Sii* Claud Ilamiltoun of 
knyt, to tak tlic {)Htronomie of liiij 
puir wj'f and baimes, and to sie thauie nocht op- 
prest nor wrangit. Item, he wills and requeistis 
his guid freindis, Wni. M*Kcn*ell of Ilillhouse and 
Johnne Power, mcrchaud, burges of Edinburgh, 
to concur with his wyf and baimes in all the laut- 
fidl adois, as he wold cvir bein reddy to do the 
iyk for thame.- Item, he levis to the puir ane 
hundnth markis, [lie concludes by sevend small 
bequests to his servmits,] and this testament, maid 
at day, z<»ir, and place foirsaid, befoir tliir witness. 
Hew Lockhart, his brother-germane, George ^la- 
soun, notar," &c. >»Iareonn Cvnynghame, Lady 
Bar, dJe<I m January, 1623. 

VII. John Lockhart of Bar, s<:)n of the preced- 
ing, succeeded. He died in April, 1C24. He 
seems to have died suddenly, as he is one of the 

* In the testament of the master of Loudoun, 1612, John 
Lockhart is mentioned as " son to George Lockhart, 8um- 
tjrme of Bar." 

executors appointed in the testament of George 
Campbell of Cesnock, who died in Februaiy of 
the same year. It was probably a daughter of 
this laird of Bai*, Mai*garet, who was married to 
Neil Montgoinerie of Lainshaw, about 1630. 

VIII. Johnne Lockhart of Bar was served heir 
to Alexander Lockhart of Boghall, his grand- 
father, in the lands of Boghall, &c., 24th June, 
1630. His name, which is attadied to the ^* so- 
lemn league and covenant," in 1640, repeatedly 
occui's in the session records fi*om 1626. He 
is mentioned as one of the overseers in the testa- 
ment of Mr Alexmider Blaur, minister at Galston, 
in 1643, and ** Jon. Lockhart of Bar" again oc- 
curs in a similar document, in 1651. 

IX. John Lockhart of Bju* and his lady, Bar- 
bara Jamieson, are mentioned in the town records 
of Ayr, in 1672. Sometime before, the estate of 
Bar, and others in the vicinity, were acquired by 
the Campbells of Cesnock. In 1686, the lands 
of Cesnock, (lalstoun, Barr, &c., belonging to 
Sir Hugh and George Campbells, were disjoined 
from the Crown in favour of John Viscount Mel- 


The Schaws of Sornbeg wei'e a branch of the 
ancient family of Ilayley. Tliey appear to have 
acquired Sornbeg, and other lands, from the noble 
house of Cathciirt by wadset. The first of them 

I. Andkew Sciiaw of Sornbeg, son to Ifayley. 
He was infeft in the lands of Sornbeg, Polkemmet, 
^\'hitbunl, and other lands in the shire of Ayr and 
Linlitligow, &c., 21st May, 1447. 

IL Alexander Schaw of Sornbeg and Polkem- 
met, his son, resigned the lands of Polkemmet in 
favour of Sir Robert ILmiilton of Preston, in 1486. 
He was succeeded by his son, 

HI. AVilliam Schaw of Sornbeg. He was infeft 
in the lands of Polkemmet and Sornbeg on the 
14th March, 1486, and in the lauds of Flockside, 
in the shire of Renfrew, 20th April, 1487. He 
was succeeded by his son, 

rV. John Schaw of Sornbeg, who was infefl in 
the lands of Flockside, &c., 28th May, 1529. 

V. Andrew Schaw of Sornbeg, his son, was 
served heir in syjccial to William Schaw of Sorn- 
beg and Polkemmet, his grandfather, in the five 
pound land of old extent of Helington ; five pound 
land of old extent of luiockindale ; fifty shilling 
land of old extent of Goldring; the lands, barony, 
and fortalice of Sornbeg, and others, in the shire 
of A}T, 18th December, 1 547. The lands of Pol- 
kemmet, Sornbeg, Foulshiels, &c., having fallen 



into the hands of Queen Mar}", by reason of non- 
entry, in 1549, they were gifted to David Hamil- 
ton of Preston, in trust, it would appear, for An- 
drew Schaw, the nearest heir, upon which he 
obtained a charter, under the Great Seal, in fa- 
vour of himself and John Schaw, his son, dated 
4th March, 1550. In 1555, he purchased the 
lands of Hayley from his relative,^ John Schaw. 
The sasine, proceeding upon a charter of feu-right, 
was in favour of '•^ Andre Schaw and Robert Sdiaw, 
his son, of Sombeg." In 1589, Andrew Schaw 
was infeft in the lands of Flockside, upon a pre- 
cept forth of the Chancellar}', as heir to his father, 
John ; and, on the 2d March, 1590, he obtained 
a charter from Queen Mary in favour of himself 
and his son, John,* of the lands of Sombeg and 
others. He marrieil Helene Ross, who died in 
1551. Her testament is dated at Galston, the 
last day of Februar}' in that year. It was written 
in Latin by Alexander Arbukill, curate of Gals- 
ton. She directed that her body should be 
buried in the church of St Peter of Galston, and 
that 4s. should be given toward the repair of 
the church of Glasgow. Her executors were, 
Andrew Schaw, her spouse, and John, Robert, 
and William, her sons. Amongst the debts ow- 
ing was a sum of £253, Os. 8d. Scots, due by Hugh 
Wallace of Camell, restand of a contract of mar- 
riage between John Schaw, son and heir of An- 
drew, and Helen Wallace, daughter of the said 
Hugh. Amongst the witnesses was W^illiam Schaw, 
brother of Andrew. He was succeeded by his 
eldest son, 

VI. John Schaw of Sombeg, who married, 28th 
April, 1550,t as already indicated, Helen AVallace, 
daughter of Wallace of Camel, or CaimhiU. He 
was succeeded by his son, 

Vn. John Schaw of Sombeg, in 1592. He 
was infefl upon a precept forth of the Chancellary, 
as heir to Andrew Schaw, his grandfather, in the 
foresaid lands of Sombeg, Helington, Ejiockin- 
dale, Goldring, &c. ; and, on the 28th October, 
1608, he was infeft in the lands of Polkemmet, 
&c., as heir to John Schaw of Polkemmet, his 
father. In 1615, upon his own resignation, he 
obtained a charter from James VI. erecting the 
hiull lands into the barony of Sombeg; and, in 
1620, he granted a charter to his son, Patrick, at 
his marriage, of the lands of Polkemmet. 

Agnes Dunbar, Ladie Sombeg, who died in 
1603, must have been the wife of this laird of 
Sombeg. In her testament, she constituted ^^ Mr 
Ard. Drummuire, scholemaster at Air, hir guid- 
Bone, and Janet Schaw, hir dochter, his spous, 

• So Ktatcs the writer in the Appendix to Nlsbet. 
t I>ate of contract of marriage. 

executouris and intromittouris with hir goids and 
geir.*^ She left ^^ ane zoung kow'^ to her *^ oye, 
John Drummuire.*' 

The laird survived till 1623 ; at least there was 
a John Schaw of Sombeg died in that year, who 
had a daughter, Agnes, married to Johne Masoune 
in Bamaiche. He was succeeded by his son, 

Vni. Patrick Schaw of Sombeg. He is men* 
tioned as of Sombeg in the testament of Robert 
Broune, merchand in Kilmarnock, in 1628, al- 
though his service as heir to his fiither did not 
take place till 25th August, 1 63 1 . He signed the 
^* Solemn League and Covenant** in 1640, and 
his name occurs in testamentary documents, and 
in the parish records, down till 1646. He resign- 
ed in favour of John, his son, and John, his grand- 
son, who were infeft under the Great Seal in 1699 . 
He married a daughter of Durham oi Duntervie, 
by whom he had his heir, and, as a[>pears from 
the parish register, another son called Tliomas. 
'' 24th of July 1626.— Baptized to Patrick Schaw 
of Sombeg ane lawiull soune, callit Thumas ; wit- 
nesses, John Lockhart of Bar, Johne Neilsoune 
of Maxwood." 

IX. John Schaw of Sombeg, his son and suc- 
cessor, married, in 1651, Isabel Boswell, second 
daughter of David Boswell of Auchinleck, by 
whom he had, 

X. John Schaw of Sombeg, who married Ma- 
rion Kennedy, daughter of Kennedy of Kilhenzie. 
He had a mortification of his property in 1672. 

He had issue : 

1. John, hi0 suoocasor. 

2. Alexander, writer in Edinburgh. 

1. Anne, married to Graham of Diynie. 

8. Catharine, married to Mackenzie of Saddle. 

XL Captain John Schaw of Sombeg held a 
commission in the First Royals, with which regi- 
ment he served in America. He was served heir 
to his father and grandfather in 1720. 


It seems to be pretty satisfactorily shown by 
Robertson, from the entail executed by Hugh 
Lord Loudoim in 1613, that the ancestor of the 
Cesnock family must have been a second son of 
Greorge Campbell, No. YIL of Loudoun. The 
name, however, has not been ascertained. 

I. Campbell of Cesnock. He married 

Lady Janet Montgomerie, seventh daughter of 
Hugh, first Earl of Eglintoun . This appears from 
the Records of Parliament, 7th November, 151 3^ 
— ^the Earl having become surety for his daughter, 
Janet, Lady Cesnock. 

n. John Campbell of Cesnock, no doubt the 
son of the foregoing. He married Janet, third 



daughter of Sir Hugh Campbell of Loudoun, his 
cousin-german, — ^which marriage, according to 
Craufurd, took place in 1553. He was succeeded 
apparently by his son, 

III. G^rge Campbell of Cesnock, mentioned 
in Knox^s History of the Reformation before 

IV. George Campbell of Cesnock was served 
heir to his &ther on the 16th of October, 1578, in 
the £42 lands of Cesnock and Galston,* of old 
extent, which, in the reckoning of those times, 
makes a very considerable property. There is also 
a Crown charter, dated 6th February, 1597, in 
faYOur of George Campbell of Cesnock, and Agnes 
Cuninghame, his spouse, a lady of the Caprington 

Robertson supposes that this is the G-eorge 
Campbell of Cesnock mentioned in the Loudoun 
entail of 1613, and who, after the death of his 
first wife, married secondly a daughter of Ker of 
Kerslond. There is good reason to believe, how- 
ever, that they were two different persons. Be- 
sides the long interval between the succession and 
the death of the party, according to Robertson, 
and the fact of two marriages, the second George, 
according to our view of the matter, is styled " Mr 
Cieorge Campbell of Cesnock, ^^ in a testamentary 
document in 1600, — showing that he had been 
brought up to some of the learned professions, 
and must have been a different person from George 
Hfo, IV., probably his son. 

V. Mr George Campbell of Cesnock married 
Anna, daughter of Daniel Ker of Keraland. In 
Kersland's will, 1613, " George Campbell of Ces- 
nock" appears as a creditor for ^^ thi-ie thowsand 
markis*' *^ restand of his tocher guid, conforme 
to his contract of mariage.^^f His name also oc- 
curs as one of the legatees in the will of the Mas- 
ter of Loudoun, who died in 1612, and as a cre- 
ditor for eleven hundred and fifty marks in that 
of Lady Loudoun, m 1617. He was one of the 
commissioners i^jpointed by Parliament, in 1608, 
to regulate the price of hides, ^^ buits and shoone,^^ 
in consequence of ** the grite and extraordinair 
derth and pryces rasit vponne the buitis and shone 
through all pairtis of this countrey." He died in 
1624. The following is an extract of his will : — 
*' Legacie. — ^At the towre of Galstoune,]: the tent 
day of Februar 1624. — The quhilk day George 

* Part of the lands of Galston only — a portion being 
then in the possession of the Stewarts of Galston. 

t George Campbell of Cesnock obtained the lands of 
Tulloclt, which formerly belonged to William Wallace of 
Dulland, and Andrew Faulds, from Alexander Xisbct of 
Greenholm, 12th June, 1613. — Boyd Papisrs. 

X The Cesnock portion of the lands of Galston had thus 
contained the old tower. 

Campbell of Oesnok nominats, &c., Anna * Ker, 
my spous, my only executrix, &c. Item, I nomi- 
nat, &c., the said Anna Ker, my spous, tutrix 
testamenter to Hew, George, f and Margaret 
Campbells, my baimes, procreat betwixt me and 
hir; and ordanes in speciall Alexr. Erie of Eglin- 
toune, John Lord of Loudoun, Sir William Cvn- 
ynghame of Caprington, knyt, and David Dunbar 

of Enterkin, to be oversearis, &c with the 

assistance of Kersland, my guid-brother, and the 
laird of Blackbie (?) That my leving be tane vp 
for the weile of my hous, and releif of my bur- 
dingis, as they sail answer to God. Item, I or- 
dane my said spous to content and pay thir lega- 
cies vnderwrittin to the persones eflir speciiit, viz. 
Imprimis, to the distressit minesterie, and to be 
distributit be sicht of Mr James Cvnyngbame, 
minister at Cesnock, Mr James Greg, minister at 
New Mylnes, Mr James Inglis, minister at Daylie, 
and Mr James Bonar, minister at Mayboill, the 
sowme of fyve hundrith markis.^* How long his 
lady, Anna Ker, survived him, does not appear, 
but she was alive in 1680. He was succeeded by 
his son, 

VI. Hew Campbell of Cesnock, who, on the 
27th May, 1630, was retoured heir to his father 
in the £20 land, old extent, of Cesnock, the eighth 
part of the muir of Galstoun, and the fourth part 
of the muir of Cesnock, — from which it appeal's 
that the property, though still extensive, had been 
considerably reduced. He married Lady Eliza- 
beth, second daughter and co-heiress of George, 
Master of Loudoun, and with her obtained con- 
riderable estates, part of the family lands of Lou- 
doun; so that, besides being the male represen- 
tative of that noble family, the descendants of this 
marriage are also nearest in blood to the Loudoun 
Campbells, failing the descendants of Lady Mar- 
garet, the eldest sister. By this marriage, accord- 
ing to Robertson, there were four sous : 

1. George, bom in 16894 who was knighted in his fa- 
ther's time. 
3. James, ancestor of Treesbanks. 

3. Captain Hugh Campbell of Barquharrie. i 

4. John, ancestor of Fairfield. | 

Hew Campbell of Cesnock was a member for the 
county of A}t in the Parliament which met in 
1639 and 1641, and in which Charles I. attended 
in person. He was of the Presbyterian party 

* In the testament of Margaret Schaw, Riccartoun, she 
is styled " Nans Ker. Lady Cesnock." 

t " George Campbell, brotiier-german to the laird of 
Cesnock," is vntness to a baptism in 1687. 

X George, son to Hew Campbell of Cesnock, was bap- 
tized 17th March, 1G39. Witnesses, Johne Lord Loudoun, 
John Lookhart of Bar. — Parochial Keoister. 

i It is somewhat doubtfhl whether Captain Hugh was a 
son or grandson of Sir licw. If a son, he must have been 
nearly 60 years of age when he married, in 170'2. 

I This i9 also questionable. 



during the troubles which led to the death of 
Charles I. In 1648 the laird of Cesnock was one 
of the committee of war, and, along with the lairds 
of Rowallan and Houstoun, had the command of 
all the cavalry of the county, save those of Car- 
nck, which were to be commanded by such as the 
Earl of Cassillis ^^ sail appoynt/' He had the 
same appointment in 1648. He opposed the esta- 
blishment of the Commonwealth in Scotland,* and 
was one of the representatives of Ayrshire in the 
Parliament held in 1649 and 1650 by Charles U. 
in person. He appears to have been knighted 
about this time ; for in 1649, we find Sir Hew 
Campbell of Cesnock supplicating Parliament to 
have his purchase confirmed of the hundreth and 
nine merklnnd of Riccnrton, which he had acquu^ed 
from the laird of Ci*aigie, elder. Sheriff- depute of 
Edinburgh. He was appointed Lord Juatice- 
Clerk by the Parliament of 1649, and is so styled 
in the records, but it appears he declined to act. 
Sir Hew took no part in public affairs at the 
Ilestoration in ICGO; and it seems rather unac- 
countable, in the absence of any specific charge 
against him, that he shoidd have been one of those 
exempted from the act of indemnity passed in 
1662. On the contrary, he was subjected to 
heavy fines, first of £800 Scots, and again of 
£1500. In 1665, Sir Hew was confined in the 
Castle of Edinburgh for two yeai-s, and not libe- 
rated till he granted a bond to keep the peace. 
No reason wa^ ever jissi^fned for such t\Tannical 
procedure. In 1683, both Sir Hew and his son, 
Sir George, were thrown into prison, on a charge 
of having been concerned in the rising at Both- 
well. In 1684, Sir Hew was brought to trial. He 
was defended by his friend, Sir Patrick Hume of 
Polwarth, advocate ; but, as relatetl by Wodrow, 
he would have been convicted but for the break- 
ing down of a witness apparently suborned and 
paid to give eridence. The witnes.^ was so con- 
science-struck with the manly appearance of Sir 
Hew at the bar, that he would not confirm, on 
oath, what he had previously declared. Sir Hew 
WiW in consequence acquitted.f 

• It i.-*, hrtwovor, somewhat questionable wlietl:cr he was 
hcnrty in thij) <)])]}Oi«itioii. In I(i5(), lMn\ Mtuichline and 
<-:)lon<»l Koburt .Montposner'e cotiiiihiin to Parliament, that 
vi the 50U hone ajjpointtnl to be raisctl in Ayrshire, only 
I4tt hart bocn brtnipfht in by tho Karl of K^jlintonn, aui 
ISJ» by Cosnock, while Colonel Kennedy of Kirkhill had 
not broti^ht in IiIm number. 

t Hi.4 own deft-nce was, — " That though several field- 
conventicles had been kept in the country wIutc he lived, 
yet he liatl iHTmitted none to be ui;on Wia ground; that 
neither himself, cln'ldreu, or .s\.rvantj», h:id Iwi n juv^ont at 
aijy of tlicm ; that as he kept hi.s own parish chuivh rejru- 
larly, eo, missing two of his een-ant;i there one LordVday, 
he caused thorn to be kept out of h\n pUcs till the Sabbaih 
was over, and next morning called for them, paid them 
their wagcn, and dismissed them; that during the time of 

Notwithstanding of their acquittal, both father 
and son were still detained in prison ; and in the 
following year wore again pnt upon trial as acces* 
sories to the Rvehouse Plot. At the trial, the 
Cesnocks, elder and younger, admitted that ** they 
were at the meeting mentioned in Monroes depo- 
sition, and threw themselves upon the king^s mer- 
cy." The Parliament accoixiingly found the dit- 
tiiy proven, and sentence of forfaulture was pro- 
nounced against them — their lives bemg spared, 
in consequence of their havhig thrown themselves 
upon the mercy of the court. Their estates were 
accordingly annexed to the Cro>vn, and Sir Hew 
and his son ordered into confinement in the Bass, 
until his majesty's pleasure should be known. The 
following year, 1686, the estate w»is disjoined from 
the Crown, and confen-^d upon John Drummond, 
Viscount of Melfort, one of the cabinet, by whom, 
it is supposed, the accusation against the Camp- 
bells had been chiefly urged. The property ia 
thus described in the Act : — ** The lands juid ba- 
rony of Kiccaiton ; the lands and barony of Ces- 
nock and Galstoun, with the tower of Cesnock, 
and pertinents ; the lamhi and barony of Castle- 
mains and Cumnock, and tlie lands and baix)ny of 
Haining-Ross — all lying within the shoiifEiom of 
Ayr, fonnerly pos.scased by Sir Hugh and Sir 
George Campbell, some tune of Cesnock." 

Sir Hugh Campbell did not long sundvc his 
unjust forfeiture and hai*sh treatment. It should 
seem that, on aecoimt of his infirmities, he had 
been relieved from his imprisonment in the Bass, 
and had come to Edinburgh, where he died, on 
the 20th •September, 1686, which appears fi-om 
an old memorandmn-book, in the possession of a 
descendant : — " Monday^ September 20tky 1686. 
Sir Hugh Campbell died this day, in his son 
Hugh's chambers, in Edinburgh, of seven da}-s 
sickness, which he contracted on the Monday 
night previous. He was buried by torch light, at 
6 o'clock on the Tliursday following, in the Grey- 

the libelled rebellion, he was so for from encouraging it, 
that he retired to (>ilchrist (perhaix^ wiit forGilchencroft:.) 
a strong house, and al)ode there till it was over; that he 
had put off his gi\>und all his tenants who were said to be 
at Both well, as won as they were convict; that if he was 
faund guilty in that matter, he was most willing to undcrly 
tilt* law, but he knew he was innocent; that one of the wit- 
ncj^ses ndduceti a.Tninst him he never saw Ix'fore. as far as 
he knew, but could prove he had declared in several places 
th:it he would do Cciinock an 111 turn, because he had in- 
foriHcd aliout a murder he (the witness) hatl committeil." 
The proof a<?a?n.-<t bim simjjly amounted to Uiis — " That 
the panncl having met v.-Ith the jx^rsons mentioned coming 
fmiii the rebi'ls in anus, ilune 1G7P, and having a^iked them 
wIkto they had been, and wlien they had told him they 
had come from the; westland army, he said, he had seen 
more going to them than coming from them; and he hav- 
ing asked them if tliey were to return, and they answered 
(hey knew not, said to them, he liked not runaways, and 
that tiny phould get help if they bide by it."— ■\Vor>ROW. 



fnars^ clmrcliyard, aged 71 years iu March, 1686. 
Note. — ^I understand that Sir Hugh Cimipbell's 
death was occasioned by being at that time, in 
cous(*quence of some false information, taken to 
the Cnnongnte jail, irhich brought on bad health, 
and killed him," 

• Soon ader the Revolution, there was an act 
passed in Parliament, rescinding all the forfeitures 
and fines that had occurred since the year 1665. 
The lands of Cesnock were consequently iiistored 
to the family. 


VII, Sir George Campbell of Cesnock was 
served heir to his father on the 5th March, 1691. 
In the previous year he had been appointed Lord 
Justice- Clerk, and one of the Lords of Session. 
Sir George married, in 1665, Mrs Anna M'Mou- 
ran, heiress of an estate in Fife, as appears from 
a chai-ter in his favour, dated the 24th of Novem- 
ber of that year. By this lady he hud three 
daughters : Mary, the eldest, was manned to Wil- 
liam Gordon of Earlstoun, without issue. Chris- 
tian, the youngest, was married to Dr Francis 
Pringle. The second daughter, Margaret, was 
married in 1697, to Sir Alexander Hume, advo- 
cate, afterwards Earl of Marchmont. He was 
the second son of Sir Patrick Hiune of Polwarth, 
the great friend of the late Six* Hugh Campbell, 
and of the family; and who had himself suffered 
great hardships during the pe)*secutions that pre- 
ceded the Revolution ; but in reward for his signal 
senaces, had been, in 1696, constituted Lord High 
Ciiancellor of Scotland, and, in 1697, was created 
Earl of Marchmont. 

Vni. Sir Alexander Hume, on the death of 
Sir George, assumed the name of Campbell, and, 
in right of his wife, succeeded to the property of 
Cesnock. He was a man of great abilities, and 
filled, at different times, several high ami confi- 
dential offices in the State. He became second 
Earl of Marchmont, on the death of his father, iu 
1724, his elder brother, Patrick, Lord Polwarth, 
having died in 1710. He himself died in 1740. 
By his lady, Margaret of Cesnock, he had four 
sons: — 

1. Gcorfirc Lord Polwarth* who died in 1734, in the 
twciity-flrst year of liis age. 

2. Patrick, who died the same year. 

3. Hugli, of whom afterwards. 

4. Alexander Hume Campbell, a twin-brother with Ilugh. 
He marriiKl Miss Pettis; but died without issue in 
17 CO, in the fifty-third year of his age. 

There were four daughters, of whom two were 
manned, but only one had issue, namely, — 

Lady Anne Hume Campbell, married to Sir William 
l*urves of Punreahall, Berwickshire. 

IX. Hugh, third Earl of Marchmont, third son 
of Sir Alexander Hume Campbell, the second 
Earl, succeeded his father in 1740. He died in 

1794, in the eighty-sixth year of his age. He was 
a man of distinguished abilities, and of great poli* 
tical and literarv talents. He was one of the m- 
presentative Peers of Scotland from 1750 till 
1784, '* during which he punctually attended the 
House of Lords, taking an active part in business, 
being exceeded by none in Parliamentarj'' infor- 
mation and experience.*' He was twice married: 
fii-st, to Miss Anne Western, by whom he had 
Patrick, Lord Polwarth, who died young, and 
tliree daughters. He married, secondly, Eliza- 
beth Crompton, by whom he had a son, Alexan- 
der, Lord Polwarth, afterwards a British Peer, 
by the title of Lord Hume of Berwick. The Earl 
alienated the ancient estate of the Campbells, 
concentrating his whole property in Berwickshire, 
the more ancief^t seat of his own family. 

Amis of Cesnock — Giixjny of eight pieces, or 
and sable, for Arg)'le ; within a bordure, gules, 
charged with eight escalops of the first ; and a 
canton, also girony of eight pieces, ermine and 
gules, for Loudoun. 

Crest — A Phoenix head erased, or. 

3/o«o— Constanter et prudenter. 

The arms of Hume Campbell ai*e to be seen on 
a brass plate, still on the door of Cesnock house. 

The property of Cesnock has passed through 
various hands since it was alienated by the March- 
mont family. The Dicks of Cosuock seem to 
have been the next proprietors. John Dick of 
Cesnock had a daughter, ba[)tized October 17, 
1719, called Marjory;* and, again, a son, 
name is not mentioned, on the 11th February, 
1721. Cesnock was subsequently acquired by 
John Wallace, second son of .lohii Wallace of 
Caimhill, who possessed it before ] 778, in which 
yeai', 23d September, *' John Wallace of Ces- 
nock" had a son, WiUiam^ baptized. f He had 
another son, James Maxwell^ baptized, born 21st 
February', 1783. Soon after this, iu 1787, Ces- 
nock was acquired by the trustees of Miss Scott, 
late Duchess of Portland, and it now remains in 
the hands of the Duke. 


There were several branches of the Cesnock 
family, the principal amongst whom, connected 
with the parish of Galston, was the Campbells of 
Barquharrie and Mayfield. According to Ro- 

* Session Records. 
t Ibid. 



I. Captain Hugh Campbell of Barquharrie 
was the third son, or grandson, of Sir Hugh Camp- 
bell of Cesnock and Elizabeth, second daughter 
of Gieorge, master of Loudoun. He married, 5th 
June, 1702, Margaret Boswell, second daughter 
of David Boswell of Auchinleck, by Anne, daugh- 
ter of James Hamilton of Dalziel, and had issue. 

II. Hugh Campbell of Barquharrie, afterwards 
of Mayfield,* Comptroller of the Customs at A}T. 
He married, 10th January, 1727, Margaret, 
daughter of David Henderson of Tinochside, by 
whom he had, says Robertson, three sons, Hugh, 
Claud, and Bruce. He had, however, at least 
another son, whose name occurs as follows in the 
parochial registers: ^^Ilume Campbell, son of 
Hew Campbell of Barquharrie, was bom and bap- 
tized at the Tower of Cesnock, the 15th of Ja- 
nuary, 1742 ;" but this son may have died young. 

lU. Bruce Campbell, the youngest, was de- 
signed of Mayfield and Milrig, or of Hillhouse, as 
he is sometimes styled in the parochial registers, 
from which it seems probable that his elder bro- 
thers had died early, or unmarried. He married 
Annabella, daughter of James Wilson, Esq., Kil- 
marnock, by whom he had issue : — 

1. Hugh of Barqaharrie, Captain In the 85th regiment, 
who married, ISth December, 1797, Sophia, youngest 
daughter (rf Thomas Barber, Esq. of Greaseley, in Not- 
tinghamshire, and dying at Bath, 5th January, 1824, 
left issue: 

1. Hugh Bruce of Barquhanrie, now residing at Not- 
tingham, bom 8th April, 1 803, who married, first, 

Anne, daughter of Hnrd, Esq. of Kentish 

Town, by whom he had no issue ; and, secondly, 
in October, 1883, Elizabeth, daughter of E. Werge, 
Esq. of Hexgrave Park. Nottinghamsliirc. 

3. Thomas Alexander. 
8. William. 

4. John. 

1. Anne, married to the late George Douglas, Esq. 
of Boddinghead. Ayrshire. 

2. Annabella, married to WiUIam Ckmiyn, Esq. of 
the county Clare. 

8. Sophia Elizabeth, married to Denis Browne, Esq. 
of Brownestoun, Ireland. 

2. Bruce, bom 26th May, 1775, Captain E. I. C.'s Naval 
Service, died unmarried. 

8. Alexander, bom September, 1778,t a Captain in the 
74th regiment, and of distinguished bravery. Of his 
services, particularly at the memorable battle of Assaye, 
honourable mention is fV^uently made in Col. Welch's 
" Reminiscences of India." He died of his wounds, 
in October, 1805. The Duke of Wellington, on hear- 
ing of his death, wrote a very complimentary letter to 
his brother, dated Berkley Square, March. 1806. " He 
was an officer," says the Duke, ** with whom I had the 
advantage of serving fVequcntly, and I never knew 
one of his rank and sltuat'.on in whom I could place 
more confidence, with a more certain belief that my 
expectations fVom him would not be disappointed." 

4. John, late in Sombeg. 

ff. William, bom 4th May. 1788. died in January. 1880. 

• Mayfield was part of the lands of Galston, formerly 
belonging to the Stewarts. 

t ** Alexander, son to Brace Campbell of Hillhouse, bora 
SSd .September. 1773." — Parochial Beoistkk. 

1. Eaphemia, married to her cousin. Hugh Wilson. Eaq, 
Kiknaraoek. and died in 1817, leaving a ton, Hugh 
Campbell Wilson. 

2. Marianne, died in April, 1825. munarried. 

Besides these, there are the baptisms of a son and 
two daughters recorded in the parish registers. 
Bruce Campbell of Mayfield had a son, whose 
name is not given, bom on Thursday, 20th Ja- 
nuary, 1774, ^* about half an hour after 11 at 
night :" " Susanna, daughter to Bruce Campbell 
of Hillhouse, Esq., bom on Sabbath, 23d of Sep- 
tember, 1777;" and "Margaret Boyd, daughter 
to Bruce Campbell of Hillhouse, bom 11th Fe- 
bruar>', 1782.'' 

Mr Campbell died in February, 1813, aged 79. 
He sold the estate of Milrig, which formed part 
of the paternal property acquired from Cesnock, 
to Colonel Hughs, who, in turn, disposed of it 

to the late Gordon, Esq. of Milrig. It is 

now possessed by Captain A. D. Tait. 

Arms — Girony of eight pieces, or and sable, 
within a bordure, gules, charged with dght escal- 
lops, of the first ; and a canton, also girony of 
eight pieces, ermine and gules. 

Crest — ^A Phoenix head, erased. 

Afotto — Constanter et prudonter. 

There were several other families of the name 
of Campbell, all connected with Cesnock or Lou- 
doun, in the parish of Galston, such as Campbell 
of Windyhill, Campbell of Watcrhaughs, &c. 
Amongst other small proprietors, there were the 
Lockharts of Tempill, Adams of Brewland, Neil- 
souns of Maxwood, of Hayning, Meikles 
of Clokisland, Patouns of Straith, Richmonds of 
Peirisland, Mitchells of Escherzairdis, Mitchcis of 
Littlemont, &c.* 

Of the modem proprietorships of Lanfine and 
Holmes we have little information. 

The lands of Lanfine belonged to the Church. 
In 1489, as Chalmers states, Mr John Charteris, 
as chaplain of Galston, obtained a letter of con- 
firmation of them for life. After the Reformation, 
they were acquired by Lockhart of Bar, who took 
an active part in the overthrow of the Popish 
ecclesiastical structure. The properties of Green- 

* The following list of the heritors of Galston parish 
occurs in the presbytery records, 20th April. 1727 : — " The 
heritors of Galston being called, there oonipeired John, 
Dnke of Glasnock, for the Earl of Marchmont ; the liUrds 
of Greenholm, Watcrhaoghs. Bruntwood, Bankhead; Mr 
Fawsyde. by his letter; Alexander Morison of Cowrsbrae- 
head ; John Aitain. for David Crawford ; John Browninir 
of Bankhoose; John Adam of Brewlands; John Gebbie of 
Middlethird; WiUiam Findlay of Crofthead; Alexander 
Meikle of Strath; John Woodbnm of Ashyards; James 
Young of Whitehom; Alexander Meikle of Priestland; 
Hugh Brown, for John Smith of Ashyards; John Alton of 
Tilloch and Groweraig; James Brown of Ronaldcamp.*' 



holme* and Lanfine wore acquiretl by JoHX 
Browx, of the well-known (ihisgow banking finn 
of Carrick, Brown, & Co., who was succeeded by 
the late Nicol Brown of Lanfine. The present 
proprietor, Thomas Brown, second cousin of 
Nicol, is liferented in the lands of Lanfine. He is 
heir to his brother of Langside, near Glasgow. 

The Holmes appears to have been the lands 
styled of old " Stewart-Gallesholme,'' or the holm 
lands of Galston. They were purchased from the 
Earl of Mardimont in 1770, by Mr Patrick Clark, 
merchant. '* Janet Clark, daughter of Patrick 
Clark of Holmes and Margaret Fairley, being 
their fourth daughter, bom 21st June, 1786.*' t 
They had also a daughter, bom at Holmes, 5th 
June, 1789. On the death of Mr Clark, in 1796, 
the Holmes was purchased by the late MuMOO 
Fairlie, one of three brothers who made for- 
tunes in the East and West Indies. Mungo died 
a bachelor in 1819, and was succeeded by his 
nephew, the present proprietor, James Fairlie 
of Holmes. 


The Fairlics, of whom Holmes is a branch, are 
understood to be descended from the Fairlies of 
that Ilk, near Largs. About 1 C50, the principal 
part of the property was alienated to Boyle of 
Kelbum. A cadet of the fumih% 

L Thomas Fairlie settled in Irvine about the 
middle of the seventeenth century, and married 
Jane Francis, of the ancient family of Francis of 
Stane, and had one son, 

• The estate of the ancient family uf NLibet, in Loudoun 
t I'iUiflb Regwter. 

II. James, who was twice married, and had a 
family by both wives. By his first, Jane David- 
son, there were three sons, the eldest, 

III. John, married Agnes, eldest daughter of 
Mungo Mure of Bruntwood, and had issue, four 
sons and three daughters, the eldest son, 

IV. James, of Bellfield, shire of A^t, and 
formerly of Jamaica, married Sarah Bell, relict 
of John Mitchell, Esq., and had issue, three 
daughters and one son, 

y. James, the present proprietor of Holmes, 
Lieut. -Colonel Commandant of the A}Tshire Yeo- 
manry, a deputy-lieutenant and justice of the 
peace of the county of Ayr. He succeeded his 
fifttherin 1819, and his uncle, Mungo Fairlie of 
Holmes, in the same year. He married, in 1821, 
Agnes Maria, eldest daughter of the late AVilliam 
Fairlie of London, and formerly of Calcutta, and 
has issue, — 

1. James, Bengal Light Cavalry. 
9. William, merchaut in Calcutta. 
8. Mungo. 

4. John Robert, Madras Light Cavalry. 
6. Edward. 

6. Pfttriok. 

7. Charles Hay. 

8. Henry Alexander. 

1. Margaret OgUvy. married R. H. H. Knightley, Esq. of 
U.M. 7ttth regiment. 

2. Sarah Adelaide. 
8. Agnes Maria. 

4. Mary Jane Sophia. 
Louisa Emmelliie Ann, and Thomas Frands, died in 

Arms — Argent, on a cheveron sable, between 
three water budgets of the second, as many mol- 
lets, or, all within a bordure ermine. 

Crest — A lion's head couped proper. 

Motto — Meditare. 




The name of this parish is of Celtic clerivation. 
Tlie town of Girvan, where the church stands, was 
of old called Inver-Garvan^ from its being erected 
at the mouth of the river Garvan, which here en- 
ters the sea. Garv-Avan, or Garvan^ signifies 
the rough or rapid river — a name peculiarly de- 
scriptive of the Girvan. The river thus gave the 
name to the town, and the town to tlie parish.* 

"This parish," says the Statistical Account, 
" lies on the sea-coast of Carrick, about midway 
between the well-known points of Bennan and 
Turnberry. Its length, from south-south-west to 
north-north-east, is nine imperial miles ; and its 
breadth from two to seven miles. The mean 
breadth, as nearly as can be computed, is four 
miles, which gives a surface of 36 square miles, or 
19,000 acres. It is bounded on the east by tlie 
parishes of DaiUy and Bar ; on the south by the 
parish of Colmonell; on the west, for nearly its 
whole length, by the sea; and on the north by 
the parish of ICirkoswald." 

The parish is somewhat mountainous, a ridge of 
hills, of considerable height, stretching diagonally 
across the district. The highest point of this ra- 
ther commanding range is not less than 12,000 
feet above the level of the sea. " On the south 
side of it the ground is high and coarse, and where 
not cultivated, covered with heath. On the north 
side, though not uniformly level, it is low, luid of 
fine quality." The climate, in consequence of the 
inequality of the surface, is of coun:e variable — 
being much colder in the high than the lower por- 
tions of the parish ; still, from the light, dry qua- 
lity of the soil, it is on the whole most salubrious. 
Springs of water are both excellent and numerous, 

^ ■ ■ ■■ ■ ■ — ■ I - ■ — — — ■ ' 

* Burns thought the name of the river so " horridly pro- 
raio," that, in his inimitable song. 

" Behind yon hills where Girvan flows,** 
he changed it to " Lugar," wliich he deemed more poetical. 

and there are at least three running streams con- 
nected with the parish — the Girvan, the Lendal, 
which falls into the sea at Carleton Bay, and the 
Assel, a tributary of the Stinchar. There are, 
however, only two small lochs in the parish, Loch- 
ton and Laggan. 

Whatever may have been in ancient times, there 
is now no natural wood in the parish, and but a 
few patches of modem plantation.* The late Sir 
Hew Dalr^miple Hamilton of Bargany was the 
first to plant on a small scale, and since his time 
several of the proprietors have followed the ex- 
ample. As in most other parishes, great improve- 
ments have been made in agriculture. The state- 
ment of the writer in the Statistical Account fur- 
nishes the best evidence of this. Forty years ago, 
he says, " there were about 1700 head of black 
cattle, and 214 scores of sheep, in the parish; 
whereas now there is only about the one-half of 
either. The cattle were then almost all of the 
Galloway breed, and the sheep of the small black- 
fiiced kind. These have been succeeded, the for- 
mer by the AjTshire breed, chiefly for the dairy, 
and the latter, by a much larger boned stock of 
the black-faced, and in some instances, by Che- 
viots. The reason of the decrease in the numbers 
of live stock, therefore, are obvious. In the first 
place, the animals are both heavier and better fed 
than formerly; and, in the second place, there is 
now a much greater proportion of the land bear- 
ing grain than there was at the period above al- 

« This is somewhat cnrious. Abercnmimle, in his «* De- 
scription of Carrick,*' written shortly before the Revolatiaii 
in 1688, says: "No countrcy is better pro>7ded of wood, 
for aJongst the banks of Dun, Girvan, and Stincbcr, there 
bo great woods, but especially in Girvan; whereby they 
serve the neighbourhood, both m Kyle and (\ininghame. 
for timber to build countrey-houses, and for all the nsea of 
httsbandrie, as cart, harrow, plough, and barrows, at vcrie 
easie rates; and the sorts are birch, elder, sauch, poplar, 
ash, oak, and hazel ; and it is ordinary throughout all that 
countrey, and every gentleman has by his house both wood 
and water, orchards, and parkes." 

pahish of oirvax. 


luded to. '* Since the Statistical Account was writ- 
ten, however, a still greater advance has been 
made in the science of fanning; and tile*drainiiig, 
then scarcely begun in the parish, has been ex- 
tensively carried into operation. 

The Bay of Girvan is well frequented by the 
best kinds of white-fish ; and salmon-fishing has 
long been carried on at the mouth of the Girvan, 
formerly by net and coble, but Utterly ^vith the 
more destructive stake-net. 


Girvan is a bur<rh of baronr. The charter was 
originally granted by Charles II., in 1668, to Mr 
Thomas Boyd of Ballochtoul, and renewed by King 
William to Sir Archibald Muir of Thornton, in the 
year 1696. Abercrummie, in his ^^ Description of 
Oarrick,'* gives rather an amusing account of the 
new burgh of Girvan: — " And near to the influxe of 
the sea, upon a levell ground, high above the water, 
stands the kirk of Girvan, and the parson's house, 
on the north syde of the churchyard. Opposite 
to which, on the other svde of the river, Ives a 
pleasant links, with conyware;* and at the foot 
of it is a salmond-fishing, at the mouth of the river, 
and a station for boats that come firom Ireland or 
the Highlands. Southward from the kirk of Gir- 
van stands the tower of Ballachtowll, a monument 
of the builder^s folly, being roisod five story high, 
without a staircase, and no more but one room in 
each story. It has neither garden or orchard, nor 
planting, but st-ands in the midst of rich com-ficlds. 
The builder of this house, Boyd of Penkill, pro- 
cured a patent for building a new burgh at (girvan, 
whose situation and streets he designed and mark- 
ed out in these barren sands, on the south syde of 
the water mouth of Girvan, and erected a pole for 
the crosse thereof; but this design never took ef- 
fect, not an house having been built there, save 
(one?) and that scarcely within the compass of the 
bounds assigned his towne ; yet it hath four faires, 
one for every quarter of the year, that give the 
names of the new burgh of Girvan to these sandy 
knowes. Amongst which, there is one spot that 
is not to be passed without observation, which is 
called Knockoshin; upon which the head courts 
of this jurisdiction are kept and held, and all the 
▼assails compear there, and seems to retaine some- 
thing of the ancient custome of our nation, that 
tiie king's vassals were convened in the field, lyke 
a rendezvous of souldicrs, rather than ane house 
for ceremony and attendance." The charter re- 
mained in abeyance till 1785, when, in consequence 

* CuQiDjiar, or rabbit*WRnrea. 

of the great increase of the town, it assumed the 
liberties and privileges of a burgh, which it has 
since continued to enjoy. " It is beautifully situ- 
ated on a fine bay, and commands a magnificent 
view of the sea; of the north coast of Ireland; of 
the rock of Ailsa; of the mull and promontory of 
Caut}Te; of the islands of Sanda, Arran, Plada, 
Little Cumbrae; part of Bute, and the hills of 
Cowal."* The number of inhabitants in the pa- 
rish is upwards of 7,000, the greater portion of 
whom reside m the town, and are employed in the 
cotton trade. There is a harbour at the mouth of 
the Girvan, which has been much improved of 
late, and aflfbrds great facilities to the shipping of 
grain, coals, and other commodities, rendering 
Girvan one of the most important outlets on the 
coast of Carrick. The want of a convenient har- 
bour was long felt by the inhabitants of Carrick, 
" Though this countr}'," savs Abercrummie, writ- 
ing some two hundred and fifty years ago, " be 
(washed) with the sea, for the space of 24 myles 
and upwards, yet there be no convenient harbours 
or bays, for receiving of ships ; so that none resort 
(to) it but small boats and barks fi:x>m Ireland or 
the Highlands, and their best receptacle is the 
broad lands of Tumberry, and the mouths of i>iin, 
Girvan^ and Stincher; and of all these three, Gir- 
van is the best; and for the fishing-boats, they 
have no other shelter but to draw them up the 
length of the water-mark, when they come ashore, 
and then to (launch) them when the tyde puts 
them afloat againe." Such continued to be the 
state of the harbour of Girvan until within these 
few years. 

Tliough Girvan remained an insignificant placet 
— ^as witness the abortive efforts of Ballochtoul 
to raise it in the scale of buro^hs — until verv re- 
cent times, it seems to have possessed a bridge 
over the Girvan as early as the close of the six- 
teenth century — a convenience which many places 
of greater importance did not enjoy. This fact is 
known from " The Historic of the Kennedj-is," J 
where a certain rencontre is said to have occurred 
at " the brig of Girwand." Towards the close of 
the seventeenth centurj', however, the bridge seems 
to have wholly gone to decay, or been swept down, 
for we find the Presbytery of Ayr, March 4, 1696, 
ordering a letter to be written to Lord Bargany 
respecting the building of a bridge over the water 
of Girvan at the neto church — ^if there was any va- 
cant stipend, of which he was patron, the same to 
be applied to the erection of the bridge. Bargany 
replied that he would devote a yearns vacant sti- 

* Statistical Account. 

t In 1791, it contained only 1012 inhabitants. 
X Original Manuscript, with Notes and Illustrations, by 
Robert ritcaim. fidluburgh: John Stevenson. IbSO. 



pond of Maybole, and also of Daillic, towards the 
building of the bridge.* Several years elapsed, 
however, before any progress was made with the 
bridge; for in July 1701, the Presbytery require 
the Lord Bargany to build a boat for the Girvan 
until the proposed bridge should be constructed. 
The Presbytery assigned as a reason for urging 
Lord Bargany on the subject, that nuiny lives were 
lost by persons going to church attempting to ford 
the river when flooded. 

Chalmers, as usual, supplies us with the eccle- 
siastical history of the parish of Gir\'an. The 
church, dedicated to St Cuthbert, was " granted 
to the monks of Crossragwell, which was founded 
by Duncan Earl of Carrick. It was confirmed 
to that monastery by Robert I. and Robert III., 
under a charter, wherein the church was called 
' £kx!lesia Sancti Cuthberti de Invergarvane/ 
This church continued in possession of the mo- 
nastery of Crossragwell till the Reformation. 
The monks enjoyed much of the revenues; the 
remainder belonged to the vicar, who served the 
cure, as settled by the Bishop of Glasgow. John, 
the vicar of the church of Garvan, swore fealty to 
Kdward I. in 1296. In Bagimont^s Roll, as it 
stood in the reign of James V., the vicarage of 
* Geraven,' in the deanery of Carrick, was taxed 
£2, 138. 4d., being a tenth of its estimated value. 
In a rental of Crossragwell Abbey, which was 
given in officially after the Reformation, it was 
stated that the church of Girvane produced to that 
monastery 260 bolls of bear and meal yearly. In 
the old parish of Girvan, which was much larger 
than the present, there were several chapels. In 
the south of the parish, there was the chapel of Kil- 
domine, which was dedicated to the Holy Trinity, f 
. . . In the northern part ofthe parish, there was, in 
former times, a chapel dedicated to St Donan, a 
Scottish saint of the ninth century, whose festival 
was celebrated on the 17th of April. This chapel, 
which was named from him Chapel- Donan, stood 
on the lands of Cragach, near the sea-coast, more 
than a mile and a-half north-north-east of Girvan. 
In the charter of Robert III., before mentioned, 
to the monks of Crossragwell, he confirmed to 
them, among other estates, the twenty-shilling 
lands of the chapel of St Donan of Cragach. In 
1617, the patronage of the parish church of Gir- 
van, with the other property of Crossragwell Ab- 
bey, was annexed by act of Parliament to the 
Bishoprick of Dunblane ; reserring, however, the 
rights of Peter Ilewet, as commcndator. On the 

• An Act of Parliament was passed in I69fi, warranting 
Lord Bai^gany to employ the vacant stipends of Maybole 
and Colmonell, of which churches he was patron, in build- 
ing the proposed bridge. 

t See Parish of Bar, vol. i. 

final abolition of Episcopacy, in 1689, the patron- 
age of the church of Girvan was vested in the 
King, to whom it now belongs. In 1653, the 
south-east part of the old parish, lying on the 
river Stincher, was detached from this parish, and 
made part of the new parish of Bar, which was 
then established. When this large detachment 
was made from the parish of Girvan, it received 
some additions, both on the north and on the 

So far Chalmers. He does not tell us when 
the old or new churches of Girvan were built. 
From tlie letter of the Presbyterj' to the lainl of 
Bargany, in 1696, in reference to building a bridge 
over the Girvan at the new church preriously al- 
luded to, we should suppose that the church of 
Girvan had then been recently built; but this 
does not appear to have been exactly the case, 
for, in 1701, mention is made o£ the church hav- 
ing undergone repairs, and ofthe building of the 
manse. It may have been denominated the new 
church, in contradistinction to the old, though 
built some considerable time previously. Hie 
present church, according to the Statistical Ac- 
count, was built about 1780. 

The parochial registers do not go farther back 
than 1733, and being chiefly a register of biillis, 
they present no feature of interest. There is no 
doubt that older records were at one time in ex- 
istence, but they probably experienced the fate of 
not a few other similar documents, by being hand- 
ed over to the huckster or tobacconist. 


The only antiquities of which the parish can 
boast are five circular encampments, generally re- 
garded as ancient British strengths. They occupy 
the ridge of hiUs already described, and all of 
them command a view of the sea. One of them 
is somewhat remarkable as having two parallel 
ditches. These encampments, in all likelihood, 
belong to the period of the Danish, Irish, and 
Scottish* invasions. Formerly there were a num- 
ber of cairns in the higher part of the parish ; but 
we regret to say that they have nearly all been 
removed for the purpose of building fences. '•^ On 
removing one of them," says the Statistical Ac* 
count, ^^ there was found, in a kind of cofliny 
formed of broad thin stones, an earthen urn, un- 
glazed, and rudely ornamented. It held about 
the quantity of two English pints, and contained 
a small portion of something like ashes." 

• The Scoto tnim Argyle under Al{>iiL 





"We hare not been fortunate enoiifj^h to trace 
the origin of the Kennedies of Ardniillan upon 
documentary evidence ; but there is reason to be- 
licTe that they were of the house of Bargany. 
TTie author of " The Historic of the Kennedyis," 
Bars, there ** hes of it cumin the Houssis of Ard- 
millane, Dunneanc, Bennane, Kirkhill, Bardro- 
hatt." This is suppoited by the fact, that the 
first of them with whom we meet was, 

I. Thomas Kennedy, usually styled "the 
gudeman of Ardniillan,"* who bore the honours of 
the house of Bargany at the funeral of Gilbert, 
tbe seventh laird of Bargany, who fell in the feud 
fight with the Earl of Cassillis at Pennyglen, in 
IGOl. According to the historian already alluded 
to, he attempted, by reason of his relationship, to 
procure the tutory of Bargany, but was defeated 
by the greater interest of Josias Stewart, brother 
to the Lady Bargany. His name repeatedly oc- 
curs in testamentary documents from 1604 till 
1637, in which latter year he died : " Test. &c. of 
Thomas Kennedy of Ardmillane, . . . Quha 
deceist in February, 1687 zeiris: ifa}'tfullie maid 
and gcnn yp be Hew Kennedy, now of Ardmil- 
lane, sone lautfuU to the defunct and executour 
dative," &c. He married Marion Wanfred, Lady 
Dronghamcf He was succeeded by his son, 

U. Hugh Kennedy of Ardmillan, who was 
served heir to his father on the 18th September, 
1640, in the 23 merk lands of old extent of Ard- 
millan, with numerous other properties, in all 
forming a large estate. It comprehendetl the 
lands of Kilsanctniniane, Be^nidgranji^, Dmm- 
fiiime, Barjarge, Over and Nether Aldeans, Knok- 
cormill, Templelands of the church of Girvan, 
Drumbayne, Archanroche, Ellerkinnoch, Letter- 
pyne, Ballochdowane, Balmanache, &c. On the 
2()th of July, 1642, the "goodman of Ardmillan" 
supplicated the Presbytery of Ayr, that his *' twen- 
tie pund land of Ardmillan" might be annexed to 
the parish of Colmonell, to which the Presbytery 
agreed, under protest that the junction should not 
be prejudicial to the College of Glasgow. He 
married Jean, daughter of Thomas Kennedy of 

• In old documents, the proprietors of Ardmillan inva- 
riably bore this title. The distinction between laird and 
GUDEMAN hod reference to the titles of the property, whe- 
ther held from the Crown, or merely from a feudal superior. 

t Thomas Kennedy of Ardmillan and Marion Wanfred, 
Lady Dronghame, his spouse, are mentioned in the town 
neordi of Ayr, 7Ui Jwao, 1608. 

Baltersan, tutor of Culzean.* Robertson states 
that he married Margaret, daughter of John Blair, 
younger of Blair, so he must have been twice mar- 
ried. He had a son, who, in 1645, seems to have 
favoured Montrose. " Ardmillan, younger," occurs 
in the list of disaffected. And farther, ^'Thomas 
Kennedy of Ardmillan, younger," confessed be- 
fore the Presb}'ter}' that he had supped with 
Alaster McDonald in Kilmarnock accidentally — 
that he carried a letter to the laird of Culzean — 
and that he went to Peebles on the way to Philip - 
haugh. This Thomas Kennedy, younger of Ard- 
millan, must have been married ; for in the Pres- 
bytery records, in the course of the year 1646, 
there are various minutes in reference to a ^^ scan- 
dale of adulterie between the Laird of Culzean, 
elder, and the Lady Armillan, elder. ^^"f In 1647, 
Ardmillan, younger, confessed on his knees before 
the Presbytery his compliance with the enemy, 
and was forgiven ; and, two years afterwards, he 
was received into communion with the Church. 
Thomas Kennedy, younger of Ardmillan, died 
apparently without issue before his father, who 
was alive in 1652. t 

Hugh Kennedy, elder of Ardmillan, left two 
daughters, one of whom married James Craufuird 
of Baidland before 1658, in which year he is styled 
of Ardmillan, and the other Sir Alexander Ken- 
nedy of Culzean. Craufuird, in consequence of 
this marriage, succeeded to the property of Ard- 


X. William Craufuird, younger of Ardmillan. 
In June, 1691, he threw himself and some suc- 
cours into the fortress of the Bass, in the Firth of 

• " Historical Account of the Noble Family of Kennedy," 
&c. Privately printed, 1849. 

t These records afford an instroctlTe iUustration of the 
power of the Church courts at the time : " 2d June, 1 64 7. — 
Compeired Sir Alex. Kennedy of Colzean." Ho denied 
that he had eon verse with the Lady Ardmillan — especially 
that he was with her alone in a chamber compting money, 
or that he bedded in the same chamber, where she and her 
husband were. At a subsequent diet, the report was not 
found clearly proven against the parties ; but the ease was 
continued. On the 1 4th July, however, they were ordered 
to be censured as adulterers, and the act formerly passed 
against them, [prohibiting their keeping company], to re- 
main in full force. 

t His name occurs in a testamentary document of that 

i For the Crauftiirds of Baidland, of whom the Crauftiirds 
of Ardmillan are a oontinuation, see yoL i. j>. 418. 



Forth, which was so long held out by the adhe- 
rents of King James, and was the last place in 
the kingdom that surrendered to King William. 
He married JVIargaret, daughter of Kennedy of 
Baltersan, and had issue : — 

1. Archibaid, his successor. 

2. James, who settled in England. His d^ceudants are 
a considerable family in Sussex. 

1. A daughter, married to David Oanftird of Drumsoy. 
whose son, David, was Mistoriograirfier to Queen Anne 
for Scotland, from which marriage also descended John 
Craufurd of Auchnames. 

XI. Archibald Craufuird, his eldest son, suc- 
ceeded in 1712.* He wiis a keen Jacobite, and 
after the rebellion of 1745, had to remain for 
several years under hiding in Edinburgh. He 
married Alarion Hay, a descendant of one of the 
branches of the Tweeddale family, by whom he 
had two sons : — 

1. Archibald. 

2. lliomas, of whom afterwards. 

He died in 1748, when he was succeeded by his 
eldest son, 

XII. Archibald Craufiiird of Ardmillan. He 
married Anne, daughter of Robert Kennedy, Esq. 
of Liverpool ; and on his death, in 1784, was suc- 
ceeded by the eldest son of that mjirriage, 

XIH. Archibald Craufuird of Ardmillan, W. S. 
His father having been deeply involved in the un- 
fortunate copartnery of Douglas, Heron & Co., 
the estate was brought to a judicial sale during 
his minority, when it was acquired by his uncle, 
Thomas Craufuird. Archibald married Marga- 
retta, youngest daughter of his uncle, and had 
issue : — 

1. John MacmJkcn. 

2. lliomas. 

8. Archibald — all of whom died young. 

4. Robert, heir presumptive of KUsonctninian, died s. P. 
aged 27. 

5. Hugh, died in Jamaica, aged 18. 

6. Thomas, who succeeded to the estates of Grange and 
Kilsanctniniaii in 1840. He is male representative of 
the Craufuirds of Baidland and Kennedies of Ardmil- 
lan. He married, 18th June, 1843, Elizabeth Fraser, 
second daughter of David Stewart Galbraith, Esq. of 
>rackrihani9h and Dromore, in Argyleshire. 

7. Hamilton Cathcart. 

8. John Graham of 'Gartnr, in Stirlingshire, and Three- 
mile-river, in Jamaica. Died ^lay, 1840. 

1. Margaret, eldest daughter, married July 8, 1881, to 
William Handley Stemdale, and has issue. 

2. Karion, married obscurely. 

8. Ann, and five other daughters who died young. 

He died 16th May, 1824. 

XIV. Thomas Craufuird, second son of Archi- 
bald, No. XI., acquired Ardmillan by purchase, as 
above stated. He had served in the army, and 
held a lucrative office, under government, at Bris- 
tol, by which means he was enabled to preserve 
the estate in the family. He married, first, Anne, 

* Aboat this time, or shortly afterwards, Baidland was 
sold to Hugh Macbride, morohant in Glasgow. 

daughter of John Taylor, £sq. of East Sheen, in 
the coimty of Surr}', by whom he had issue ; and, 
secondly, Jane, daughter of the Rev. Hugh Ha- 
milton of Girvan. He died in 1793, leaving : — 
1. Archibald, his successor. 

1. Anne, married Macmiken of Grange. 

3. Margaretta, married her cousin, Archibald CraufViird. 

Mrs Jane Craufuird, relict of Thomas Craufuird 

of Ardmillan, died May 25, 1826, aged 80. * 

XV. Archibald Clifford Blackwell Craufuird, 

now of Ardmillan, a Major in the army, and late 

a Captain in the 78th Highlanders. He served 

in India, and at the taking of the Cape of Good 

Hope in 1705. He married Jane, daughter of 

Dr Leslie, and has issue. 

Arms of Craufuird of Baidland — Gules, on a 
fesse ermine, between three mullets, argent ; two 
crescents interlaced of the field. 

Motto — Durum patientia frango. 

Arms of Kennedy of Ardmillan — Argent, a 
cheveron, gules, between three cross crosslcta 
fitched sable, within a double tressure. 

Crest — A game hawk, hooded and belled. 

The representative of both families quarters 
these respectively : first and fourth, Baidland ; 
second and third, Ardmillan. The present pro- 
prietor of Ardniillan, and the junior branches of 
the family, bear gules, a fesse ermine, with the 
interlaced crescents, the hawk, and the above 

Seat — Ardmillan House, about two miles soutb 
from the town of Girvan. In Balfoiur's Collec- 
tions, Ardmillan is called a castle, and a glowing 
description is given of it by Abercummine : " Next 
to this (Tumberrj-) is the castle of Ardmillane, so 
much improven, of late, that it looks like a Pa- 
lace, built round, court-wayes ; surrounded with 
a deep broad ditch, and strengthened with a move- 
able bridge at the entry ; able to secure the owner 
from the suddaiu commotions and assaults of the 
wild people of this corner, which on these occa- 
sions are sett upon robbery and depredation ; and 
to enable him the better to endure a seige, he is 
provided of well in his court ; and a hand-mill in 
the house, for grinding meall or malt, with which 
two lusty fellows sett a-work will grind a firlott 
in the space of ane hour. It is well surrounded 
with orchards that ycild plenty of apples and 
pears ; and one more particularly, that for its pre- 
cocity is called the early pear of Ardmillan, of a 
very pleasant t-ast. In the year .... hap- 
pened a strange conjunction 'twixt a Jackdaw and 
a Magpie that paired together, built their nest, 
and brought forth ther young, resembling more 
the jackdaw than the magpie." 

- . - . , ■ .^ . — 

* Headstone in old churobyard, Ayr. 




Trochrig, mentioned by Abcrcrummic an one 
of the old houses of the gentry m the pansh of 
Oirvan, waa in his time, and long afterwards, in 
the possession of the Boyda, a branch of the Kil- 
marnock family. He says, ** on the north syde of 
the liiver (Giryan) downward, and up toward the 
hill, abont a myle from the Riyer, stands the 
House of Trochreg, which belongs to the Boyds ; 
which family hath produced two great men, famous 
in their generation, and great lights in the church 
of God. One was James Boyd, Archbishop of 
Glasgow, who maintainecl the honour of his char- 
acter by a yertuous and exemplary lyfe, and stre- 
nnously defended the lawfuUness of his office 
against the insults of our first zealots, Mr Andrew 
Melyin and his accomplices.* The other was his 
son and heir, f who, following the study of Diyi- 
nity, merited the Chair in the College of Saumure, 
in France ; and thence, was brought to be Prin- 
cipall of the Colledge of Glasgow; whose learned 
Commentaries on the Ephesians are well kno>yn, 
and justly had in great estimation." 

I. James Boyd, the first of Trochrig, was the 
Archbishop of Glasgow, aboye referred to by 
Abercrummic. He was the second son of Adam 
Boyd of Pinkill, brother to Robert, Miister of 
Boyd, who was father of Robert sixth Lord Bovd. 
Keith, in his Catalogue of Scottish Bishops, giyes 
the following account of him : " During the Earl 
of Marr's regency, a new kind of episcopacy hav- 
ing been set up, Mr James Boyd of Trochrig, 
(in 1572), a yery worthy person, receiycd the title 
of the See of Glasgow, and he exercised the office 
of particular pastor at the Cathedral Church, the 
barony of Glasgow being then the parish that 
pertained to that church. This Bishop Boyd was 
the second son of Adam Boyd of Pinkill, brother 
to the Lord Boyd. When the legality of the epis- 
copal functions came to be fii-st called in question 
by the assembly, in the year 1578, he learnedly 
and solidly, both from Scripture and antiquity, 
defended the lawfulness of his office ; yet, the 
animosities, which he then perceived to be in the 
hearts of a great many, so far impaired his health, 
that he died in the month of June, 1581." This 
eminent churchman was the second Archbishop of 
the Protestant faith in Glasgow. He was pre- 
ceded by John Porterfield, and succeeded by Ro- 
bert Montgomcr)'. J He was buried in the choir 
of the Cathedral, and laid in the same sepulchre 

* Abererummie was a keen supporter of Epiicopacy. 
t Mr Robert Boyd of Trochrig. 

{ The latter, having been compelled to demit the See, 
became minister of Symington in 1587. 

with Bishop Gavin Dunbar. He manned Mar- 
garet, daughter of James Chalmers of Gadgirth,* 
who long siirviycd him. '' Margaret Chalmeris, 
Lady Trochrig," occurs as a creditor '*for hir 
fermes of the said lands of (x range, the said crop 
1611,^^ in the testament of George Hutchesouue 
in Grange, Mayboill, March, 1612. 

U. Mr Robert Boyd of Trochrig was seryed 
heir to his father, the Archbishop, IGth Februarj', 
1608, in the ten pund land of Trochrig, with the 
mill, the fiye merit land of Bameile, M'Cryndle, 
and Snaid, A. E. £13, 6s. 8d. He was one of the 
most learned men of his time — ^haying been Pro- 
fessor of Diyinity, first at Saumur, in France, and 
subsequently in Glasgow and Edinburgh. He 
was the author of the well-known Commentary 
on the Ephesians. The following brief summai'y 
of the career of this eminent theologian is fi*om a 
manuscript in the College of Glasgow : " Bom at 
Glasgow in 1578— taken from Glasgow to^roch- 
rig on the death of his fatlier, in 1581 — sent to 
the school at A}t — studied afterwards at Edin- 
burgh, where he got the degree of A.M., in 1594, 
or thereby — left Scotland in 1597 — arriyed in 
Prance, May 7th, same year — taught at Thoiuu-a 
— was made Professor of Philosophy at Montau- 
ban, 1599— went to Saumur in 1606— in 1607 
Mr Boyd trayelled througli Germany, Holland, 
England, and Scotland. In 1608 he returned to 
Saumur, and was chosen Professor of Divinity 
there. He came oyer to Scotland in 1610 — re- 
turned same year to Saumur — ^married at Saumur, 
in May 1611, Anne Malyerin — ^returned to Bri- 
tain in 1614 — settled in Glasgow in December 
same year — was made Principal of the College in 
January 1616." 

In 1621 he resigned the Principalit}', and re- 
moved his family and furniture to Trochrig, where 
he resided, except when called occasionally to 
Edinburgh for a few weeks, till 1622, when he 
was called to be Principal there. He resigned, 
however, next year, and, in 1626, was called and 
admitted minister of Paisley. In April of the 
same year, a riot was committed on his house, and 
he demitted his charge in September following. 

Having fallen into bad health, he went to Edin- 
burgh for medical adrice, and died there 5th 
January, 1627. The following is an extract of 
hb latter- will : — 

^^ The Testament, testamentar, and Inventar of 
the guidis, geir, debts, and sowmes of money 
quliilks perteint to ymqle. Mr Robert Boyd of 
Trochrig, within the parocliin of Kirko8wall,t the 
tyme of his deceis, Quha deceist in the monethe 

• From Wodrow'e M8. Life of Trochrig he appears to 
have had a sister married to James Chalmers of Sauchrio. 
t This is a mistake, Trochrig is in (xirvan parish. 



of Januar Jai vi® and Twentie sevin zeira: favt- 


fullic maid and gcviu vp be his awin mouth, In 
sa far as concernes the nomination of liis execu- 
trix, nominat be him in his Lattermll and Testa- 
ment, and legacies eflir-mentioned, and pairtlie 
maid and gevin vp be Anna Demalivenn, onlie 
executrix nominat be the defunct ; In sa far as 
concernes the vpgeving of ye Inventar of the de- 
funct^s guids, gcir, debts awand In and Out, as the 
samyne testament of the date vnderwrittin mair 
fuUie proport«. 


Item, the defunct had, the t^-me foirsaid, the 
guids and geir vnderwritten of the aviuUs, qualities, 
and pryces eftirspecifit, viz. Ccrtane buiks, all 
estimat to Jai v^ lib. Item, the Insicht of the 
hous in utincills and domidlls, with the abuilze- 
mcnt of the defunct^s bodie (by the airschip), esti- 
mat toj^ lib. Item, twa ky and ane stoitt, pryce 
of the peice xii lib. Inde xxxvi lib. 

Summa of the Inventar, Jai vi^ xxxvi lib. 

Debs awand In. [Under this head occur a va- 
riety of money transactions with the tenantry of 
Trochrig, Bameill, &c., and other persons. In 
all, these credits amomit to JaiLviii lib. iiiis.]. 
Next we have 

Debts awand Out. 

Item, there was awand be the defunct, the 
tyme foirsaid, the sowmes of money following 
To the personcs efterspecifeit, viz. To Mr Hew 
M^Kaill, for ane zeirs iie, Lxvilib. xiiis. iiiid. 
To Jonet Ramsay, nureis, for ane zeirs fey xl lib. 
To Johnne Tod, gairdner, for ane zeirs fey 
xxiiiilib. To Alex. Bamsay, for ane zeirs fey 
viii lib. To jMareoun G aimer, for ane zeirs fey 
vii lib. 

Summa of the Debts out j^vii lib. xiii s. iiii d. 
Restis of Frie Greir, debts deducit 

jjajv^xxxvi lib. ixs. 8d. 

At Edinburght, the Twentie fjift day of De- 
cember, the zeir of God, Jaivi*' and Twentie sex 
zeirs. The quhilk day I, Mr Robert Boyd of 
Trochrig, calling to mynd the certantie of daith, 
and the incertantie of the tyme and place, and 
being willing to declair my latterwill and testa- 
ment, Haiff thairfoir nominat my loveing spous 
Tutrix to my eldest sone, and to our haill rema- 
nent childrein, during the zeiris of thair pupulla- 
ritie ; and failzeing of hir be deceis or marriage, 
I nominat my honorable and loveing kinsman, 
Thomas Boyd of Pinkill, conjunctlie,* Tutours to 

* There seems to be some omlsdion here. Some other 
person waa evidently intended to have been named along 
wlthPinkiU. | 

the saids baimcs ; aud failzeing of the ane he de* 
ceis, as God forbid, the vther being on lyf, being 
assured that they, or ather of thame, will not only 
assist my said loveing spous in the richt adminis- 
tration of the said oifice of Tutourie, swa lang as 
scho sal happin to be Tutrix, bot likwa^os quhen 
the said offic sail accres to thame, will mavst cair- 
fullie dischairge the sam^oie for the guide of the 
saids pupillis. I leif in legacie to Mr Alexander 
Boyd, sone to vmijle. Mr Williame Boyd, The 
sowme of ane hundrithe marks, and to Robert 
M^Call, my servand. Ten punds, and to Alex. 
Ramsay, my servand. Ten punds, without preju- 
dice to the feyis that sail be dew to thame the 
tyme of my deceis. Item, I leive to Mr Johnne 
Ker, minister at Prestoune, and Johnne Hamii- 
toune, hypothecar, burgess of Edinburght, the 
sowme of ane hundrith merks, to be vplifted of 
the first and reddiest of my stipend resUud awand 
to me of the Kirk of Paislay, to be imployed 
be thame, and failzeing the ane, the vther onlyf, 
to sich vses as I have maid knawn to thame. 
Item, I leif to my guid fitiind, Doctor Greorge 
Sibbald, ^ Scaligeri Commentarie in Arristotelein 
de Ilistoria Animalum,* as ane small taiken of 
my love to him. Item, I leive Twenty punds to 
help to by ane bell to the Kirk of Daylie, and 
Twentie merks, including thairin the ten merks 
alreaddy promeist be me to the bigging of the 
brig of Girvane. And last, I leive fourtie merkis 
to be distribute amongest the puir of the paro- 
chin quher I sail happin to depart this lyf. And 
I leif the haill rest of the thrid of the guids and 
geir quhilk cumes vnder my testament to my 
childrein, Johnne, Margrat, and Jonet Boydes, 
to be equallie devydit amangst thame, and to be 
imployed to thair behuif. In witncs quherof I 
haue subscryvit thir presents, at Edinburght, the 
XXV day of December, the zeir of God, Jaivi® and 
Twentie sex zeirs, Befoir thir witness, Mr Robert 
Boyd of Kippis, Mr James Robeiloune, advocattis, 
and Michaell Melvill, servitour to the said Mr 
Robert Boyd, aud writer of the premiss. Sic 
subr. Mr Robert Boyd of Trochrig, J^Ir Robert 
Boyd, witnes, Mr James Robertoune, witness, 
Michaell M'Gill, witnes. 

Confirmeil at Glasgow, June 8, 1627. Mr 
Johnne Chalmeris of Sauchrie, cautioner.*' 

III. Mr John Boyd of Trochrig was served 
heir to his father, April 21, 1640. He had a 
daughter married to Sir William Bruce of Ston- 
house, Bart., and a son. 

IV. Robert Boyd of Trochrig, who succeeded 
him. He refused the Test in 1683, and was 
thrown, in consequence, into prison. He obtain- 
ed his liberty, August 7, 1685, on payment of a 
fine of one thousand merks for church irregulari- 



ties, and giying a bond and caution, for two thou- 
sand pounds sterling, to live regularly and orderly. 
He was alive in 1724, in which year his name 
occurs in the Ayr Presbytery records. He mar- 
ried a daughter of William Craufurd of Auch- 
names, and was succeeded by his son, 

V. John Boyd of Trochrig, who, in 1752, was 
served heir-male to Alexander Boyd of Pinkill, 
the last of that branch, who died in 1760. He 
died himself without male issue. 

VI. Ann Boyd of Trochrig, his daughter, mar- 
ried William Boyd Robertson, to whom she had 
a daughter, and who alienated the property. 

Trochrig, or Trochraigue, was acquired up- 
wards of forty years ago by the late James Fer- 
gusson of Monkwood, advocate, and by him sold 
to bis brother, the late Mr John Hutcheson Fer- 
gusson. It is now possessed by his son, John H. 
Fergnsson of Trodiraigae, at present residing in 


Ballachtonle, another of the old houses of the 
genl^ mentioned by Abercnimmie, was in the 
possession of the Grahams of Knokdolianc in the 
sixteenth century. Robert Graham of Grougar, 
as heir-male of entail of John Graham of Knok- 
dolian, was retoured in the lands of Ballachtonle, 
April 16, 1606. From Abercrummie^s Account 
of Carrick, it would appear that, about the mid- 

dle of the seventeenth century, Ballachtoule be- 
longed to Thomas Boyd of Pinkill, who obtained 
the charter constituting Girvan a burgh, in 1668, 
and who built the tower of Ballachtoule on the 
lands hud off for the new burgh. Ballachtoule 
was acquired by Sir Archibald Muir of Thorn- 
ton, in 1696, and shortly afterwards by Gilbert 
Stewart, designed of Ballachtoule, in various 
documents. He was alive in 1726. In 1746, 
it was purchased by William Wilson, writer in 
Edinburgh, in virtue of a decreet of adjudica- 
tion obtained by him against William Stewart, 
chirurgeon in Edinburgh, only surviving son of 
the late John Stewart of Ballachtoule, merchant 
in Kilmarnock, heir general to Gilbert Stewart of 
Ballachtoule, his &ther. Ballachtoule is now the 
property of the Bargany family, who are the su- 
periors of the burgh of Girvan. 


Troweir, or Trowair, also noticed by Aber^ 
crummie. It was in his time, and still continues 
to be, in the possession of the Cathcarts of Carle- 
ton. WUliam Cathcart, heir of Allan Cathcart of 
Wattirheid, his father, was retoured in the twelve 
merk lands of Trowair and Killouh, 9th April, 
1631 ; and in 1662, Hugh Cathcart of Carleton 
is served heir in the lands, amongst others, of 

VOL. 11. 




There can be little doubt that the parish of Ir- 
vine, like those of Ayr and Girvan, derived its 
name from the town, and the town from the river 
Irvine. In old charters, the name is generally 
spelled Irwyn^ sometimes Ervin^ or Yrewin; and 
Chalmers presumes that it may be a corruption 
of the British or Celtic /r-i4oo«, signifying the 
clear river, which is certainly characteristic of the 
Irvine throughout the greater part of its course. 

The parish of Irvine is bounded on the east by 
that of Dreghom; on the west, by Stevenston; 
on the north, by Kilwinning and Stewartou ; and 
on the south, by the water of Irvine. The parish 
comprehends an area of about five square miles, 
or 2644 acres. The surface is throughout level. 
In the lower part of the parish, the soil, originally 
pure sand, has been pretty generally converted 
into a fertile loam in the course of cultivation. 
Towards the interior, however, it is naturally of a 
strong, adhesive clay ; but it has also been greatly 
improved by cultivation. Good crops of all kinds 
of grain, and green cropping, are grown in the 
parish, particularly of potatoes and turnips. 

There are no lochs of water in the parish, but 
it is well supplied with springs and running 


The history of the town of Irvine may be said 
to constitute that of the paiish. The origin of 
the burgh is assuredly lost in the " mists of anti- 
quity." It may possibly date its rise so far back 
as the days of the Romans, for there is no doubt 
that that wonderfid people traced the Irvine, as 
well as the Doon, westwards to its junction with 
the sea. We are not aware that any remains of 
Koman masonry have been dug up at L*Yine, as 

there was at Ayr ; but it seems extremely likely 
tliat one of their stations was fixed on the high 
ground, on the banks of die Irvine, where now 
stands the town. Roman implements of war, and 
other vestiges of their presence, have been found 
in the vicinity — thus corroborating the feet of 
their having continued the causeway, still trace- 
able at particular parts of the banks of the Irvine^ 
all the way till the confluence of the water with 
the sea. These,. however, are, to some extent, 
merely conjectural notions as to the rise of the 
burgh of Irvine. Of its great antiquity, at the 
sametime, there can be little doubt. Chalmeis 
considers it the most ancient town in Avrshire. 
He says: — ** It is certain that the town of Irvine, 
and the cattle, under the protection of which it 
arose, were in existence before the castle and the 
shiretown of A}t were founded. Hoveden refers 
to the castle of * Irewin,' in Cuninghame, as a 
place of note in 1184." We have great respect 
for the research of Chalmers, but he sometimes 
forgets his own statements, and his deductions are 
not always to be depended upon. No doubt, the 
period referred to by Iloveden is a few years ear- 
lier than the erection of Ayr into a royal burg^ 
by William the Lion, who at the same time built 
a new castle at Ayr ; but that both a town and a 
castle existed previously at A}t, seems plain fix»ixi 
the words of the charter itself. There is evidence 
to show that the neic town, or Newton of Ayr, 
with its castle, existed early in the thirteenth cen- 
tury; so we can have no difficulty in believing 
that there must have been an old town long pre- 

We put forward these remarks, not from any 
desire to claim a greater antiquity for the one 
burgh than the other, but because they bear us 
out in an opinion, founded upon similar facts, that 
towns and castles are of more remote antiquity 
in Scotland than most people imagine. It is 
usual to assign their origin to the infusion of 



JN'orman blood after the conquest of England ; but 
thougli it might be difficult, or rather impossible, 
to prove^ by documentary evidence^ that castles ex- 
isted prior to that period,* yet the more we study 
history — and particularly local history — ^the more 
are we convinced that suck towns and castles as 
those of Ayr and Irvine originated earlier even 
than the Danish invasion. There are various re- 
mains of casiles built by the Romans in England, 
and are we to suppose that they did not introduce 
the art into Scotland? 

None of our local historians have ever attempt- 
ed to point out the remains, or the site, of the 
Castle of Irvine, mentioned by Hoveden. There 
are the remains of only one castle in connection 
with the burgh, called the Seagate Castle, supposed 
by Robertson to have been built as a jointure- 
honse by the Eglintoun family, sometime afler 
1361 — ^a central stone in a vaulted chamber in the 
lower story having engraved upon it the united 
arms of Montgomerie and Eglintoun. It is not 
improbable, however, that this was the site of the 
eastle referred to, the present ruin having been a 
re-building, after the union of the houses of £a- 
gleshame and Eglintoun.* What makes this sup- 
position the more likely is the fact, that anciently 
the sea flowed much nearer the town than it does 
at present— 60 much so as to form a complete 
defence, on the south and westward, to the castle. 
No situation could be more appropriately chosen. 
Indeed, had there not been a castle existing pre- 
viously upon the spot, and if it had merely been 
meant as a jointure-house, as Robertson supposes, 
It is hard to conceive why a site in such proximity 
with the tovm of Irvine should have been chosen, 
when so many other and more appropriate might 
have been selected. Supposing the Seagate Cas- 
tle to have been the original stronghold of Irvine, 
it would have been as nearly as possible about the 
same distance from the Cross of Irvine as the Cas- 
tle of Ayr was from the Cross of Ayr, and in every 
respect similarly protected by the river and the 

Be this as it may, we proceed to trace the rise 
of Irvine upon more certain data. The earliest 
of the Crown documents preserved in the chiirter 
chest of the burgh is a precept by Robert I. un- 
der the Great Seal, dated 14th February', 1308, 
oomman<!Ung his Jnsticiare, &c., to protect the 
burgh, burgesses, and community of Irvine. The 
next is a charter by Robert I., 12th May, 1323, 
declaring that the burgesses of Irvine, and their 
successors, shall be free from toll, &c., ^^ as is more 

* The old sqaare tower is of great antiquity, and much 
older than the other parte of the building. The portion in 
which the chamt>er with the arms occurs, is much more i 
moderst and kmilt of quite a diflbrent stone. 

fully contained in a charter granted thereupon to 
the same burgesses, by Alexander the Second, 
King of Scots, of venerable memory, our prede- 
cessor."* This charter by Alexander 11., whose 
reign extended from 1214 to 1249, and which has 
been lost or destroyed, may be considered as the 
first possessed by the burgh. The boundaries and 
privileges of the incorporation of Irvine are shown 
by another charter by King Robert 11., dated 8th 
April, 1872, proceeding on an inquest made at 
the king's command, concerning a dispute between 
Ayr and Irvine in reference to the boundaries and 
liberties of the respective burghs. By this inquest 
it was clearly found, that Irvine had been sixty 
years and upwards, and from time past memory, 
in possession of the liberties of the whole barony 
of Cuninghame, and of the baronies of Largs, 
^^pro suis tam mercandisis et mercimoniis in eis- 
dem libere exercendis."t 

These were the mercantile boundaries of the burgh 
of Irvine, including the whole of Cuninghame and 
Larga, X as those of Ayr extended over the whole of 
Kyle and Carrick. The heritable boundaries of 
the burgh, however, are not so easily ascertained, 
though they were no doubt clearly enough stated 
in the charter of Alexander II. now lost. That 
they were pretty extensive may be inferred from 
a charter by the Duke of Albany, dated 24th July, 
1417, proceeding upon an inquest ordered by the 
governor, regarding the right to a piece of muir 
claimed by William Fraunces of Stane, situated 
about midway up the parish, when the jury una- 
nimously found that the right lay with the burgh 
of Irvine. Also from a notarial copy, 12th May, 
1444, of an indenture, dated June, 1260, entered 
into between the Lord Godfrey Ross and the bur- 
gesses of Irvine, regarding their respective rights 
in the tenement of Hormissoch (Ormsheugh) and 
the wood of Longhurst. It was arranged that 
Godfrey should have right to all the ploughed and 
ploughable part of the said tenement, and an ex- 
clusive right to the said wood — ^the burgesses to 
have a right of common pasture over the whole of 
the said tenement, except the arable ground and 
the wood, neither party to have power to cut the 
wood. The property of Ormsheugh is still further 
up the parish than the lands of Stane. In 1689, 
the lands then belonging to the town were lotted 
in twenty-six lots of three acres each. These 
were, — Kidneuk and Redbum ; Miuray^s Land ; 

•• This charter superadds an immunity to the burgesses 
of Irwyne, and their successors, from a toli which, previous 
to this new grant, they were in the habit of paying in the 
burgh of Ayr. 

t These and other charters were subsequently oonfirmcd 
by James I., James IV., and James VI. 

X Largs is now a portion of Cunmghame, though then a 
distinct barony or baronies. 



Macfade's Rig; Bogside Land and Loan; Groat- 
holm; Rottenboag{ Spittalmeadow; Di vet Park; 
the value of the whole amounting to £606, 138. 4d. 

The jurisdiction of the Magistrates of Irvbe* 
extended over the entire heritable boundary of the 
burgh. Early in the sixteenth century, a dispute 
occurred between the Earl of Eglintoun, Bailie of 
Cuninghame, and the Magistrates, as to their re- 
spective powers of administering justice. At length 
a contract of agreement was entered into, 10th 
February, 1522, settling their respective jurisdic- 
tions. The Magistrates^ right' was admitted to 
extend over the freedom of die burgh, burgh 
woods, burgh lands, and community; while the 
Earl was to " keep the heid fair" of the burgh 
of Irvine, holden on the 15th of August yearly. 
The feuds and slaughters usually prevailing at this 
annual gathering, are referred to in the contract 
as a principal reason why the Earl, as Bailie of 
Cuninghame, should keep the fair. 

By a charter under the Great Seal, 20th March, 
1572, James YI. conferred on the authorities the 
power of holding Justiciary Courts within the 
Court-house of Irvine, for trying residenters with- 
in the burgh for the crimes of pickery, theft, and 
receipt of theft, by a jury of honest men, inhabi- 
tants of the burgh. Crimes, however, of a deeper 
die were^ frequently tried before this court. In 
1586— 18th December—" Master William Mont- 
gomerie, Arthur Montgomerie, his sone and ap- 
peirand air," were summoned before the Justiciary 

Court of Irvine, to answer at the instance of 

Patersoun, " sone and air of vmqidiill Archibald 
Patersoun, burgess of Irwin," for " violent and 
masterfull spoliatioun." And on the 20th Octo- 
ber, 1625, was tried " per Allanum Dunlop nobis 
praefectum dicti burgi," " Alexander Banks, sone 
of Robert Banks, flesher, for the slaughter of 
Gilbert M'Alister, heiUand man, slain in Steven- 
8ton yesterday, and brought in by the Earl of 
Eglinton, as baillie of Cunningham, and repledgit 
from his court to the jurisdiction of this burgh, 
as ane of yair inhabitants." 

The town was repeatedly involved in disputes, 
particularly with the burgh of Ayr, as to their 
jurisdiction. So late as 1694, they had to defend 
themselves against the encroachments of the Com- 
missary Court of Ayr, who had ^^ proceeded to 
judge some of the inhabitants of tlids burgh (Ir- 
vine) for alleged calumnies and other crimes, 
although the burgh had appeared and produced 
their charters of resignation, which were alto- 
gether disregarded and contemned." 

* The burgh was governed by a Provost, Baillies, and 
Councillors— in all, 17. — Sederunt, Sept. 162G, Allan Dun- 
lop, Lord Provost. 

Irvine does not appear to have ever been a 
walled town, but it was enclosed with gates, or 
ports, one at the west end of Glasgow Vennel, 
and the other at Eglintoun Street. The town 
then, as now, consisted chiefly of one main street, 
running parallel with the river. It is impossible 
to trace the extenaon of the burgh with any de-' 
gree of satisfaction. It must, however, have been 
rather an inconsiderable town before the end of 
the fourteenth century. Up till that period, it 
had no public place for the authorities to meet in. 
In 1386, a charter was obtained from Robert II., 
dated 22d October, granting ground in the mar- 
ket-place for building a Council-house^ See, on 
payment of a blench duty of a penny of silver if 
demanded allenarly. This charter was coniimied 
by Robert III. 

One of the most ancient evidences of the privi- 
leges of the burgh of Irvine— we mean the Croas 
— ^was removed in 16d4. The minute, ordering 
the removal of this interesting relic, is dated 7th 
September, and to this effect : The Crofs to be 
taken away, and the stones to be a{^]ied towards 
erecting the meal market-house, now a-building, 
in respect there is great want of freestone for that 
new work, and that the Cross, being of an old 
fashion, and inconvenient, doth mar the deoomm 
of the street and meal market-house. We are 
not aware that a drawing of this relic anywhere 

It does not appear that the town possessed any 
town clock before 1686, in which year, Slat 
March, the Coundl give orders to David Bndi- 
anane, smith, ^^ to make ane dock for the vae of 
the said burgh." The same year, 9th July, Adam 
Gray, wright, is appointed ^^ for coopring of the 
toune clock and ringing of the Tolbuith bell, fat 
the space of ane zeir." Salary 40 merics. 

We are not aware that Irvine ever was the seat 
of any particular species of manufiusture ; but 
much of its importance, no doubt, arose from the 
harbour, which was at one time the principal one 
on the Clyde. Its advantages seem to have been 
purely natural ; but as the sea began to recede 
its capabilities gradually diminished. The first 
document which occurs in the Irvine archives in 
reference to the harbour, is a contract, dated 8d 
August, 1572, between the magistrates and ^^ John 
Wallace of Dundonald, Edward Wallace of She- 
walton, and Robert Wallace, his son and heir 
apparent,*' by which the Wallaces, in considera- 
tion of 200 merks, sold to the burgh ^^ ane suffi- 
cient quantity and roume of ground of their landis 
of Murrass, extending to the quantity of twelfiallis 
broad, for louseing and landing <^ their Sehippis, 
Barkis, and Bottis, with their merchandice, and . 
the merchandice of whatsumever utheris that sal 



bappeo to resort towards the said Bnrch upon the 
foresaif^ bwdis of Murraas on ayther syd of the 
iratter of Irwyng, vrith ane sufficient gaite and 
passage through the foresaidis lands for free Ische 
and Intres to and firae the said water, togedder 
with ankerage and ankerfauld upon the saidis 
laodis," &c. This would seem to have been the 
first attonpt at the oonstruction of a regular har- 
bour for shipinng. A few years afterwards — 16th 
August, 1579 — James VL granted the customs of 
the burgh to the magistrates, amounting to twenty- 
lune merks yearly, for the space of five years, to 
oiable them to repair their haven and port. In 
'^ Tfanothy Font's Cunningham Topographized," 
printed in 1620, the harbour of Irvine is called 
^^ the chieff porte of the countiy of Cunningham. 
The porte and harbry being now much decayed 
fitnn quhat it was anciently, being stopt with 
riielTes of Sand which hind^ the neir approach 
of doping.'' 

** Ab appears from the map which accompanies 
Pcmt's work,*' says the Statistical Account, ^^ the 
coQ^ence of the rivers Inrine and Gramock had 
not taken place at the time to whidi it refers, for 
he describes the Gamock as emptying itself into 
the sea, about two miles from tiie mouth of the 
liver Ir?ine. Indeed, long subsequent to Font's 
time, the sea came up close to the town, and ves- 
sels were loaded and discharged at what was then 
and is now termed the Seagate. ' Within the me- 
mory of persons now alive, the sea has receded 
considerably on this coast ; and very considerably 
since 1()20, for the lower part of l^e Seagate is 
now neariy half a mile from the sea. Some time 
subsequent to the period at which Font wrote, 
Thomas Tucker published a report (in 1666) upon 
the settlement of the revenues and customs in 
Scotland. He had been sent by the Government 
ci England, for the purpose of introducing order 
into the collection of the revenues of the excise 
and oostoms, and was appointed one of the com- 
missioners of the Scottish board. The district 
oonoeming which he was to report, consisted of 

* Glasgow, Newarke, Greenocke, Fairly, Col- 
burgh, Saltcoates, Bute, and, lastly, Irwyn.' 

* Irwyn,* says he, ^ a small burgh towne, lying at 
the mouth o£ a river of the same name, which 
hath some dme been a pretty small port, but at 
present dogged and almost choaked up with sand, 
wfaidi the western sea beats into it, soe as it 
wresdes for life to maintaine a small trade to 
France, Norway, and Ireland, with herring and 
other goods, brought on horseback from Glasgow, 
for the purchasing timber, wine, and other com- 
modities to supply theyr occasions with. The 
vessels belonging to this district are, viz. to Glas- 
gowe, 12, viz. 3 of 160 tons, 1 of UO, 2 of 100, 

1 of 60, 8 of SO, 1 of 16, 1 of 12. Benfrew, 3 or 
4 boates of five or six tonnes a-piece. Irwin, 3 
or 4, the biggest not exceeding sixteen, tonnes.^' 

The shipping of Irvine had thus been in a very 
low state in 1666. The Civil War had no doubt 
somewhat to do with such a state of afiairs. 
Shortly after the Restoration, however, matters 
began to assume a better aspect. By a minute 
of the Council, 29th June, 1677, it was ordered 
that *^ the haill ^tanes lying at the ends of the 
bridge be taken to the shore for the laying of a 
kasey (^causeway) for the good of the harbour, 
and ease and advantage of the vessels ;" and by 
another minute of the 3d August, of the same 
year, all the able inhabitants were ordered *'*• to 
go out, at tuck of drum, and take stones out of 
the water for the laying of ane key at the Bar of 
Irvine.'' There is also, amongst the town's papers, 
a precept, of the same date, by Corsbie [TulJar- 
toun of that Ilk] in ^^ favour of the burgh, for six 
bolls beir for helping to build ane key atlthe Bar 
of Irvine." A considerable traffic seems to have 
been maintained with Ireland about this time and 
subsequently, chiefly in the importation of grain« 
no doubt in return for the products of this coun- 
try. On the 22d January, 1676, it was enacted 
by the Council, that meal and malt, &c., import- 
ed within the precincts of Irvine by strangers, 
should be first offered to the community of the 
burgh. A curious illustration of this rule, as well 
as of the miscellaneous nature of the traffic with 
Ireland, occurs in a minute of the town council^ 
October 4, 1687, to the effect that there had been 
ofiered to the town, by a merchant fix>m Carrick- 
fergus, a large importation of goods, and that he 
was to be allowed to sell the same in the market, 
if the magistrates did not by next day accept the 

Various acts were passed by the legislature, in 
the reign of Charles IL and subsequently, impos- 
ing a duty on the importation of Irish grain, with 
the view of checking the trade, which was alleged 
to drain the western districts of money, and de- 
preciate the value of home grown com ; but the 
merchants of Inrine continued their importations 
in defiance of law, partly in the belief that their 
privileges as a burgh entitled them to do so. The 
Statistical Account, quoting Fountainhall, gives 
the following example of this in 1712 : ^^ Thomas 
Gray, merchant in Irvine, and others, were dilated 
before the justices as criminals for this offence, 
and for their contumacy in not appearing, were 
fined in £100 sterling each, under the penal sta- 
tutes agidnst the importing of Irish meal. Gray 
suspended, and stated various important pleas, — 
1st, That the burgesses of Irvine were not subject 
to the jurisdiction of the county justices, and that 



1546. — Commission by Queen Mary, with oon- 
§ent of the Earl of Arran, l&th August, proceed- 
ing on a narrative of the burgh of Irrine being 
infected with a plague, and therefore grantmg to 
the Magistrates, while the plague continued, the 
same powers of justiciary which the Justice-Gte- 
neral possessed, to enable them to enforce the 
necessary regulations, &c. 

1549. — ^licence and warrant by Queen Mary, 
under the hand of the Regent, Earl of Arran, as 
her tutor, narrating, that ^^ for the compoeition of 
sax scoir pundis money of our reakn, hes grantit 
and given Ucence to our louitts the prouist, bail- 
ides, and haiU communitie of our burgh of Irvine, 
to remane and byid at hame fra our oist and army 
devisit to oonuene on Roslene muire the xz day 
of October instant, for resisting of our add ine- 
mies of England, and recovering of the forts of 
our realme presentlie in their handis." It &rther 
narrates that the Provest and Biukies had paid 
the composition, and that the inhabitants delayed 
to repay the same ; the Regent therefore grants 
warrant to *^ command and charge all and sindrie 
the burgesses inhabitantes, wedeis, alsweill wom^i 
as men," *^ to relief and mak thankiuU payment 
to the saidis Provest and Bailzies of the foirsaid 
compositione . . within the da3ri8 next after they 
be chargit, under the pane of rebellione, and put- 
ting of thame to our home. *' Dated at Hamilton, 
9th October, the seventh year of the Queen's 

1569. — ^Discharge by Alexander Earl of Glen- 
cairn, commonly called the ^^ Good Earl,'^ to the 
burgh of Irvine, for £52, 6s. 8d., for furnishing 
men for recovering the Castle of Dumbarton, &c. 
Dated at Finla3rstoun, 27th December. 

1572. — ^Letters of protection by Archibald Earl 
of Argyle. 

1683. — ^Letter from James VI. " To our traist 
freindis the Prouost, Bailzies, and Counsel of our 
Burth of Irving : — ^Traist freindis, we greit you 
liairtlie weill. It hes plesit God, to our content- 
ment, and we ar assurit na less to the commoun 
lyldng of all our affectionate subjectis, to blis with 
appeirance of successioun, our darest bedfallow the 
qucne being with child, and neir the tyme of hir 
delynerie. — Quhilk and vther wechtie effairs gev- 
ing occaaioun of a mair necessar deliberatioun and 
adwyse of our nobilitie and estaittis nor at any 
tyme heirtofoir, we have thocht meit to desyre you 
nuust emistlie, that ye faill not, all excuses set 
apairt, to addres your commissioners towards us 
heir at Halyruidhous the xi day of Januar next 
to cum,'' &c. From Haliruidhouse the xviij day 
of December. 

1684. — Letter from the Earle of Mar and Gou- 
ry, the Abbots of Dryburgh, Cambuskenneth, &c. 

to the Provost and Bailies of Irvine, stating that 
they have declared their mind to the Lord Boyd, 
to be shewn unto them in some matters of conse- 
quence, tending to the ^^ suirtie of God's true re* 
ligion and professors thairof, the wel&ir of the 
Eingis majestic and commonwealth of the haill 
realme, whereanent we deore you efiectuously to 
give him ferme credit.'' From Starling, xxi Sep- 

1598. — ^Letter from Lords Blantyre, Newbottle, 
and others, respecting imposts on wyne.-»Sd Ja- 

1644. — ^Letter from the Marquis of Argyll, dat- 
ed 9th August, for 2000 weight of powder lor the 
service of the Committee of Estates ; with receipt 
by John Campbell, servant of the Marquis, £ofr 
the same in 20 barrels. 

1656. — ^Paper signed by Lord Cochrane, Cess- 
nock, RowaUane, &c., bearing that Mr Robert 
Barclay, Provost of Irving, had craved payment 
of a bed, &c. Dated at Kilmarnock, 80th May. 

1670. — George Erskine, procurator-fiscal, re- 
presented to the Counsell ane ryot and misde- 
meanour committed be Sir Alexander Cunyng- 
hame of Robertland and others, his assotiats, vpon 
the 12th instant, within the said burghe, within 
the hous of Arthour Hamiltone, toune-clerk of 
this burghe, &c. 

1671. — Discharge from Alexander Earl of £g- 
lintoun to the Magistrates for 200 merks, their 
fourth year's answering for militia hone6.~*13th 

. — " A true Account of the Disburse- 
ments and Losses by John Dunlop, qll. he was 
Magistrat of Irwin, in tyme of Alaster Macdo- 
nald, In the tyme of the sectaries prevailling after 
the defeat at Hamiltoun," — amounting in all to 
£811, 13s. 4d. Scots. He desired the burgh to 
refund him. He had been summoned to Kilmar- 
nock and Glasgow, and among other items occurs 
the following: — ^^ Imprimis, ane fedder bed and 
itsfumitour, to the garrisone in Eglintoune, which 
I never gat back, £30." 

1675. — The Council order three pounds to be 
paid Thomas lliomson, to mend a wound in his 
child's head, he being in poverty. — May 12. 

1676. — ^Price of ale fixed by the Council at 
28d. the pint ; beer, 32d. ; cake of oat bread, 30d. ; 
candle, ia. 4d. per lb. — 20th Feb. 

1677. — ^Provost Blair complains to the Council 
against Dean of Guild M^Goun for calling him a 
fool, &c. Admitted to proof. — Sept. 27. 

1678. — Intimation to the Counol that a mill- 
stone in Kameshill, also a blue bonnet, had been 
bought for the Holme miller, if Magistrates would 
accept them. — Aug. 23. 

— — . — ^Archibald Dickson of Towerland to pay 



£40 Scots for his entry in lands of Hi^h Myre. — 
Memorandum, that Mathew Gray and Robert 
Dickie, tenants of the burgh, have not got allow- 
ance of their disbursements anent the Hielandmen 
and sojours, but ordained to be allowed them as 
other noblemen and gentlemen allow to their ten- 
ants, &c — Sept. 27. 

1678. — ^Large meeting of the inhabitants held 
in the church to elect a committ^ to act in the 
town^s afiairs. Seventy persons are mentioned in 
the sederunt. Twenty merchants and five traders 
were appointed. — Oct. 31. 

. Nov. 1. — Another large meeting held in 

the quere of the church to name a committee for 
electing the Magistrates.* 

1680. — Provost Boyle ordered by Council to 
ryde over to Ayr with the first convenience, and 
do his utmost to remove the quartering (of the 
military) that is presently on the burgh. 

1686. — William Hendersone, weaver, obtains 
ten pounds from the burgh as a gratuity to repair 
his bouse, which had accidentally fallen down. He 
was foiu-score years of age, and poor. — 30th Jan. 

. — ^Ane hundreth punds Scotts money voted 

by the Council to defray the expense of the Pro- 
vost in attending Parliament (John Montgomene, 
Provost,)— 23d April. 

, — ^Persons appointed by the Council to 

oversee the sett of the Doura coal-heuchs,t &c. — 
28th May. 

. — ^The Magistrates and Council sign a 

bond to support William and Mary. — July 9, 

1687. — Shewalton and Bailie Wallace appoint- 
ed commissioners, with Sir William Wallace of 
Craigie, to repair to Castle Drummond, and com- 
mune with the Earl of Perth, Lord High Chan- 
cellor, anent the affairs of the burgh. — Oct. 15. 

1688. — The Council agree to build pews in the 
meeting-house for their convenience.} — Jan. 3. 

. — Magistrates apply to Government for 

the gift of ^^ a plack to the pynt, or 20s. the boll 
of malt," to defray the amount of cess, and pay 
off other debts. — ^March 15. 

. — ^Thomas Wallace of Alderslie, advocate, 

appointed to manage the town^s affairs in Edin- 
burgh. — ^April 17. 

. — " Considering that there is a party of 

Major-General Graham of Claverhouse his troops 
hadi been quartered upon this burgh for some 
time back, for the additional supply due by this 

* Tbese meetings, as the reader will perceive Aroiii the 
dates, oocuned daring the Btmggle for civil and religious 
liberty under Cliarlee II. 

t Coal was early wrought in the parish of Irvine. 

X Taking advantage of the Act of Toleration, a meeting- 
house, apart from the parish church, had been built in Ir- 
vine. The resolution of the Council to build " pews," was 
obviated by the Revolution. 

VOL 11. 

burgh to Sir Hugh Wallace of Inglcstane, and 
which supply had been uplifted, and was still rest- 
ing by the late Magistrates ; therefore, order the 
said party to quarter upon the late Magistrates 
for the same, and to pound for the quartering mo- 
ney, if necessary." 

1688. — ^The burgh to put forth men, horse, and 
furniture, in obedience to his Highness** procla- 
mation. — Oct. 12. 

. — £160 Scots to be instantly advanced to 

the Provost and Jyhn Craufurd of Banneik, to 
ryde for the town,t and more to be sent them, if 
they have occasion to tarry long in his Majesty's 

In respect of the great burdens under which the 
burgh at present laboured, the Magistrates were 
not able to outreik men, horse, and fumitour for 
the foregoing use. Resolved, that one month^s 
cess be laid upon the inhabitants for the said out- 
reik, &c.— Oct. 12. 

. — ^The 6000 morks contributed to procure 

the gifl of 20s. on the boll of malt, to be brought 
back from Edinburgh, and applied to the most 
pressing debts.^ — Oct. 28. 

1689. — Letter from the Prince of Orange, dat- 
ed at St James's, 6th February 1689, addressed 
to the Town-Clerk, requiring the whole burgesses 
to meet and choose their commissioners for the 
meeting of the Estates, to be held at Edinburgh 
on the 14th March, &c. — Feb. 26. 

Alexander Cuninghame of Cherry-lands was ap- 
pointed. — ^March 6. 

. — Order for pa}Tnent of £9, 14s. 4d. to 

the Provost for expenses incurred by him with 
Lord Eglintoun and Lieutenant- Colonel Grahame 
and others, along with the inhabitants, at Kilwin- 
ning, at the burial of one of Lord Montgomerie'e 
men ; also for attending a county meeting at Ayr. 
— May 14. 

. — ^Town to be guarded by ** twenty fence- 
able men each night, in case the officers tran- 
siently on the spot refuse to do so." — ^May 7. 

. — Fencible men called out, and ammuni- 
tion brought from Ayr. They are formed into 
two companies, with two pair of colours — *' one 
pair being the town's arms, the other the king or 
kingdom's arms," &c. — ^May 7. 

. — ^Innkeeper's to give nightly a list of all 

persons lodging with them. — June 21. 

. — " Fencible men witliin Cuninghame to 

rendezvous to-morrow within the town's libertie, 
under the command of the Laird of Kilbimie, 
their Colonel." Town's companies *' to go forth 

• The Prince of Orange, 
t To appear in arms. 

t The proposed plack a pynt of dpcs was obtained in 
November following. 




to Townend in Uicir best ariues and jo^n thcm.^* 
--July 3. 

Siich was the display of arms deemed neccFsnry 
to aid in guaranteeing the infant Keyolution of 
1688, which, a few years afterwards, was fek to be 
80 firmly established, that we fmd the burgesses 
of Irvine with ample leisure and inclination to at- 
tend to the amusements of the people. 

1694. — Appoint a silver tumbler to be made at 
the town^s expense, as the prize to be run fur at 
the race which is to be at this place on the lost 
Tuesday of October current. — Oct. 12. 

Irvine, or Bogside Races, have been long fa- 

llie Presbytery Records,^ 

Irvine was somewhat famous ns a place of exe- 
cution in the era of witchcraft. No fewer than 
twelve witches were there executed at one time, 
in the month of ^larch, 1650, and four more in 
the course of a few weeks afterwards. 

15th June, 1647. — ^The plague surmised to be 
in Kilwinning, and that the sickness at Largs still 

15th Sept. 1647.— The Presb>iery, in terms of 
the Assembly's ordinance, ordains that a thanks- 
giving be solemnly kecped the last Lord^s-day of 
this instant, for thir causes : l^^, That the Lord 
hath been pleased to grant so gloiious a victory 
to our army employed against the rebels in the 
Iliclands. 2dly, Tliat in the time of England^s 
confusions, and our fears from them, it has pleased 
the Lord to give us the benefits of a General As- 
sembly, which, with great unanimity, has issued 
forth a public declaration ngainst the errors in 
England. Sdly^ That the Lord hath been gra- 
ciously plea8e<l to keep the pestilence from spread- 
ing over the face of the land, &c., &c. Mr Jolm 
Nevoy is returned from the army, and gave the 
brethren he«arty thanks for their care in supplying 
his kirk in the time of his absence. 

26th Oct. 1647. — Collections ordered for Largs, 
where the people were very destitute. Some in- 
dividuals in the bounds of the Presbj-tery having 
gone into England, and got married, contrary to 
the order of the kirk, the General Assembly to be 
applied to for instructions how the Pi-esbytery are 
to proceed in censuring the said persons. Sums 
collected for Lai^ : From New ^lilh, 152 pounds 
8s. 4d. From Irvine, 200merks; Kilmaurs, 102 
merkj? ; Kilbimie, 50 pounds. From Stewarton, 
111 pounds; Kilwinning, 100 pounds ; Dreghom, 
43 pound 8s. ; Dalr)% 48 pound 20 merks ; Ar- 

* VTe are indebted for tho following noticca to a corros- 
pondent of * The Irvine 3Ionthly Kews-Letter.' 

drossan, 50 merks. From Pcrston, 40 pound viii 
merks. Tlu'ce clerg}'men appointed to speak to 
the Erie of Eglinton anent the plantation of Per- 

16th May, 1648. — ^The Presbytery having read 
and examined a letter frt>m the Commission of the 
Kirk, dated at Edinburgh, 28th April 1648, to the 
end that there may be some testimony and evi- 
dence extant of the zeal and faithfulness of the 
commissioners of the kirk in the cause of God^ 
does ordain that the special heads and clauses of 
the said letter should be inserted and registered as 
foIk)W8 : The first head bears a narrative of the 
commissioners^ proceeding towards the present 
Parliament, which had gone on and concluded 
ane engagement in war against England before 
satisfactory answer was giren to the desire of the 
kirk, relating withal, that they did coneeive the 
liberty of the kirk much prejudiced by the Parlia- 
ment proceeding to determine in these things, 
which so nearly and highly concerned religion, 
without the advice and consent of the kirk, where- 
upon the commissioners of the kirk does find them- 
selves pressed for the preservation of the liberties 
of the kirk, according to the word of God. Second 
clause : Because there was just fear of overturning 
the whole word of God in three dominions. They 
require that a solemn fast may be kept the last 
Sabbath of May, for entreating the Lord for the 
means of help in the day of this our great need. 
A third clause bears ane exhortation to the breth- 
ren of the Presbytery, that they not only withdraw 
themselves from giving any assistance and concur- 
rence to the Parliament in the matter of the en- 
gagement between the two nations, but also be 
ready to give a testimony of their aiFection to the 
cause as they shall see need, and to give timeons 
warning unto all against the snares and tempta- 
tions of the times; exhorting likewise that the 
brethren may labour to be of one mind in the Lord, 
that by his means the boasting of the adversary 
may be put to silence. The fourth clause is anent 
the reading of a short information relating to the 
Parliament declaration, which is to be made known 
to the people, and they are exhorted to get copies 
of the same, to the end that they may not be en- 
snared by specious pretences. The several heads 
of the letter aforesaid being read over again in the 
Presbytery *s audience, wwe unanimously approv- 
en, the information to the pe(^le appointed to be 
read the first Lord's-day, tho fast agreed unto to 
be kept upon the day above mentioned, and that 
Mr Hew M'Kaile, Mr John Bell, and Mr John 
Nevoy, shall draw up the causes of the fast out of 
the commissioners^ letter, to be given to every 
brother, that they might be publicly read upon 
the d4ay of the intimation. 




The Presbytery also agree to a supplication to 
be made to Parliament, einbradag the foresaid 

2dth July, 1648. — Some of the brethren cited 
before the Committee of Estates for being at 
Mauchline Moor, although they had persuaded 
the people who were there present to disband and 
^ home to their houses.. 

15th Dec 1648. — ^The Presbytery gave various 
directions regarding those who had been out in 
the late unlawful engagement, directed, tTiter aiia. 
11th, Those who were active in quartering of so- 
jiires in the unlawful engagement, or being em- 
ployed to quarter those who rose up for the good 
cause, did either declare themselves unwilling or 
absented themseWes. They are to make a perso- 
nal acknowledgment, and to be sadly and gravely 
rcbukit. Further, it is agreed upon and conclud- 
ed, that all who are to make a personal acknow- 
legment, if they be elders, are to be suspended 
from the exercise of the eldership for a day or 

2d Jan. 1649. — On a report that some persons 
in the fiuiiily of Lady Semple, then residing at 
Southanan, did absent themselves from church, 
inquiry directed, that in case Lady Semple remain 
there, some course be taken with that family. 

Idth Feb. 1649.— It is appointed that Elizabeth 
Bmntfield and Bessie Duel, two of my Lady Sem- 
ple, her servants, for the present at Southanan, 
for their absenting themselves from the public ordi- 
nances, shall be cited before the session of Largs. 

Idth Feb. 1649.— llie Presbytery, taking mto 
consideration the diverse combats that have been 
fought, and the challenges to duels within the 
bounds of the Presbyter)-, &c., do appoint the 
Assembly'^s Act, 12th Aug. 1648, to be publicly 
intimated by every brother in the congregation, 
that none may pretend ignorance. 

8th May, 1649.— Elizabeth Bruntfield and Bes- 
sie Duel, my Lady Semple, her two servants, are 
gone out of the country. 

22d May, 1649.— At trials of Mr Wm. Rodger, 
in relation to a call to the ministr}- of Kilbimie, 
*'The Presbytery having considered what common 
bead was most fit and useful to be handled in re- 
ference to the times, docs condesoend upon that 
Dc jure magUlralus circa sacra, quhilk is pre- 
scribed to the said William to be handled when 
the Presbytery should appoint a diet.'* 

At a visitation at Kilmapaock, 19th June, 1649, 
anent ane seperstitious image that was upon my 
Lord Boyd his tomb, it was the Presbytery's mind 
that his Lordship should be written to that he 
would be pleased to demolish and ding it down, 
and that if he did not, then the Presbytery was to 
take a fitrther course. 

14th August 1649. — Compeared the two bailies 
of L:^ine, and did represent to the Presbytery the 
great skalth and damage that the town had sus- 
tained through fire, and did desire a contribution 
from the several parishes for re-edifying of the 
houses that were burnt. The Presbyteiy having 
heard their desires, do unanimously condescend 
thereunto, and that the contributions should be 
gathered with the first conveniency, and brought 

20th Nov. 1649. — Thomas Cumming having 
been required to sign the Covenant, ^^ he gave in 
a paper, declaring that, notwithstanding all the 
pains the brethren had taken upon him, he could 
not do so without sinJ' The Presbytery finding 
him obstinate, and unwilling to receive information, 
does appoint that, without further delay, he renew 
the Solemn League and Covenant upon Sabbath 
come-fortnight, publicly, in the kiric of Kilmaurs; 
and that before renewing the same, he acknowledge 
that he has given scandal and offence to the people 
of God, and that Mr William Guthrey preach that 
day, and tender the Covenant to him ; and in case 
ho do refuse, that Mr William Crooks make report, 
that the Presbytery may go on in process against 

15th Dec 1649. — Compeared Thomas Cum- 
ming, who offered to take Uie Covenant privately 
before the Presbytery; that rather than take it 
publicly, would venture upon excommunication, 
imprisonment, and a scaffold; because to do it 
publicly, was to make him suffer as an evil-doer, 
&c., &c. The Presbji^ry think it altogether un- 
just and ridiculous, and therefore directed that he 
receive the Covenant on the first Lord's-day. 
Poor Tliomas' courage evaporated; and on Ist 
Jan. it was repoited that he had taken the Cove- 
nant as enjoined. 

24th Sept. 1649.— The moderator of the Pres- 
bytery (Mr Thomas Bell), upon tlie grounds and 
prcsmnption of witchcrs^ that are holdcn forth 
against Elizabeth Graham in Kilwinning, havhig 
written for a commission to try the said Eliza- 
beth ; the commission is retiirncd, whereupon it 
is appointed that some of the brethren go to 
the Erie of Eglinton, and speak his Lordship that 
that commission may be put in execution, and 
that his Lordship may bo pleased actively to con- 

24th Oct. 1649. — Upon the presumption of 
witchcraft that was holdcn forth against Eliza- 
beth Graham in Kilwinning,* the Presbytery did 

• In a work entitled ** Satan's Invisible World Discovered, 
hy Mr George Sinclair* Professor of PhUoeopliy in the Col- 
ledge of Glasgow/* there is an account of the proceedbigs 
against Elizabeth, or Jessie Graham, one of the parties 
mentioned in the minutes of I'rcsbytery. It is stated to 



conclude that the Committee of Estates should be 
written to for ane commission to put the said 
Elizabeth to an assize, if their Lordships should 
think the presumption relevant, and the draught 
of the letter that was drawn up by My James 
Ferguson is approven as fit to be sent. 

19th March, 1660. — ^The bailie of Cuninghame 
having signified to the Presbytery, that upon 
Thursday next an assize was to be holden upon 
twelve peraons who had confessed the sin of witch- 
crafl, and that the execution was to be upon Fri- 
day the morn thereafter, and that it was fitting a 
minister should be appointed to wait upon every 
one of them that they might be brought to a 
farther acknowledgment of their guilt, the Pres- 
bytery hanng considered the foirsaid, does, in 
order thereto, appoint these brethren following 
to wait iipon the execution the said day, viz., Mr 
Ralph Rodger, Mr James Ferguson, Mr Wm. 
Russel, Mr R. Urie, Mr Alex. Nisbet, Mr James 
Roman, Mr Wm. Rodger, Air And. Hutchison, 
Mr Wm. Oiustellan, Mr James Clandening, Mr 
Rob. Aird, Mr Wm. Crookes, and Mr Gabriel 

22d April, 1650.— The Presbytery finding that 
the sin of witchcraft was growing daily, and that 
in the several parishes meikle of the hidden works 
of darkness was discovered and brought to light 
in the mercy of God, and that several were appre- 
hended, and in firmance for that sin, did meet 

have been given by the minister of the parish. It appears, 
that in a fit of drunkenness .feseic had tlireatened another 
woman, who ten days afterwards was taken ill and died. 
Jctisie was apprehended and imprisoned in the steeple on a 
charge of witchcraft. iSlie luy tlierc for thirteen weeks, 
the minister constantly visiting her. Bat she remained 
obdurate, denying her guilt. He was under great doubts 
on the subjeet, when fortunately a celebrated witch-finder, 
named Bogs, made his api)earancc, and having examined 
Bessie, found the mark in the middle of her back. Into 
this mark Bogs inserted a large brass pin ; and as Bessie 
did not appear to feel it, and no blood flowed, this was con- 
sidered strong evidence. The minister was a good deal 
nonplused, however, because the chief man in the parish, 
(we presume Lord Eglinton.) and other Judges, had de- 
clared it to be **mere clatters." Another circumstance ap- 
pears to have given the minister some anxiety, which was, 
his fear that the assize .would not condemn Bessie, unless 
be advised them to do so, which he was not very clear about 
doing. In this dilemma he prayed for directions how he 
was to proceed, and as he appears to have considered it by 
a special interposition, he was Induced to listen at the door 
of the prison, accompanied by the bellman, where they 
overheard Bessie conversing with the foul fiend : althoug^h 
the minister could not understand their conversation, the 
bellman did ; at the same time the bellman appears to have 
got such a flight, that he nearly tumbled down the stair of 
the steeple in his haste to get away fh>m so dangerous a 
personage. Of course this was conclusive of Bessie's guilt, 
and her fate was soon settled. Finding she must die, poor 
Bessie prayed earnestly for forgivenness of her sins, but de- 
nied most olKlurately the witchcraft, and the minister very 
sagely discovered that this was a device between Iksaie 
and the devil to deceive him, but he was too knowing to 
be thus taken in, and Bc^i^ie sulTered according to her sen- 
tence, impenitent to the last. 

occasionally this day to hear and receive the con- 
fessions of some, of the said sin of witchcraft, that 
they might recommend the same to the Lords of 
Priv}' Council, for the issuing forth of a commis- 
sion of assize to sit upon the said persons ; and 
after hearing the Presbytery, do Judge the con- 
fessions of the persons following relevant to be 
recommended : Imprimis, of Margaret Couper in 
Saltcoats, who was apprehended by the Bailie of 
Cunninghame, upon presumption of witchcraft 
and common bruit^ who confessed the renunciation 
of her baptism, carnal copulation with the devil, 
and the taking of a new name firom him. Item, 
the confession of Janet Robison in Monkcastle, of 
Sarah Erskine in Largs, of John Shedden there, 
of Margaret Montgomerie in Irvine, of Jean Ha- 
milton, Marion Cuninghame, and £uphame Dic- 
kie, there, of Janet M^Kie in Dairy, Catherine 
Robison, Agnes Glen, and Bessie Ewing there, 
likewise of Violet Mudie in Kilbride, all which did 
confess before famous witnesses the renouncing of 
their baptism, copulation with the devil, taking of 
a new name firom him, and several apparitions of 
the devil to them, and some of them by and at- 
tour, did confess. Further, the Presbytery being 
informed that there were several persons in Dairy, 
who, partly upon presumption, partly upon dela- 
tion, and partly upon mala fama^ were appre- 
hended by the Judge Ordinary for witchcraft, who 
continued still impenitent, therefore it is appointed 
that Ml' Patrick Colville, and Mr W. S. Russel, 
shall go to Dalr}', and deal with the said persons 
for bringing of them to ane confession. Likewise 
the confession of Catheiine Montgomerie in Salt- 
coats, who did confess, beside the renunciation of 
her baptism ; the appearing of the devil ; the tak- 
ing of a new name from tlie devil ; copulation 
with him, and sundry malafices, and the alluring 
and drawing on of others to the devil^s service, 
is found relevant and clear, and recommend it 
amongst the rest. 

The Bailie Depute of Cuninghame, (north dis- 
trict of Ayrshire,) having represented to the Pres- 
bytery that sundr}' person's, who were suspected 
of witchcraft within the bounds of the Presbytery, 
were apprehended (contrary to the privilege of 
the bailiary) without a warrant from him, the 
foresaid representation being heard and examined 
by the Presbytery, they do judge it expedient 
that no person or persons suspect of witchcraft as 
said is, be apprehended and put in firmance by 
any person, without a warrant from the Bailie of 
Cuninghame or Depute ; and in case any person 
be apprehended before a warrant can be obtained 
and had, that word be presently sent to the bailie 

The confessions of several persons in Largs, of 



the sin of witchcraft, being read and examined^ 
are recommended to the Committee of Estates for 
issuing furth of a commission to put the said per- 
sons to ane assize, that so the hmd may be purged 
of that abominable sin. 

SOth April, 1660. — Some of the brethren, -m. 
Mr James Ferguson, moderator, Mr Alex. Nisbet, 
Mr Thorn. Bell, Mr J. Rowat, Mr A. Hutchison, 
l^ir Ralph Rodger, Mr Wm. Rodger, Mr Jas. 
Clandening, Mr Robt. Urie, and Thos. Guthrie, 
ruling elder, did convene to receive and examine 
the confession of Maal Montgomerie in Largs, 
Mall Small and Isobel Maillshead there. Siklike 
of Margaret Isset in Kilwinning, who had con- 
fessed ilk ane of them their guiltiness of the sin 
of witchcraft ; and after examination of the fore- 
said confessions, thev are found relevant to be 
recommended for issuing furth of a commission to 
put them to ane assize. 

7th May, 1650. — Because there is to be ane 
execution of four persons upon Saturday next, at 
Irvine, for the sin of witchcraft, the Presbytery 
does appoint three ministers, viz. Mr James Fer- 
guson, Mr Matthew Mowat, and Mr Andw. Hut- 
chison, together with the minister of the place, to 
attend the execution the said day. 

Tliree ministers to go to Dairy, and deal with 
those persons apprehended for the sin of witch- 
craft, and continuing impenitent, to bring them to 
a confession of their guilt, if it be possible. 

Isobel Allan in Kilwinning, being trilapse in 
fornication, compeared, and because she was under 
the suspicion of witchcraft, and withal great with 
child, &c., delay proceeding in the meantime. 

The confession of Geiles Buchanan in Ardros- 
sau, and Janet Hill there,^ wherein was contained 
their acknowledgment of the abominable sin of 
witchcraft in renouncing their baptism, taking a 
new name from the devil, having carnal copula- 
tion with him, and being at diverse meetings with 
him, being read and examined, are judged clear 
to be presented to the Lords of Privy Counsel or 
Committee of Estates, for granting and giving a 
commission to put the said persons to ane ateize. 

28th May, 1660.— The confession of Wm. Sem- 
ple in Kilbumie, and Agnes Houston there, being 
apprehended by the BaiUc Depute of Cuninghame, 
for the sin of witchcraft, and acknowledging the 
same before witnesses, being read and examined, 
are to be recommended to the Committee of 
Estates for the issuing fturth of a commission to 
pat the said persons to ane assize. 

Mr Wm. Guthrey, and the two ministers of 
Stewarton, are appointed to deal with some per- 
sons within the parish of Dreghom, apprehended 
for the sin of witchcraft, both upon presumptions 
and delationB, for bringing them to ane confession. 

16th June, 1660. — Having heard the confession 
of Jean Hamiltown, Isobel Hutchison, Marion 
Boyd, of Agnes Dunlop and Jean Swan, in Irvine, 
of witchcraft, how that they had renounced their 
baptism, taken a new name from the devil, &c., 
being read, are found to be dear, to be recom- 
mended to the Committee of Estates for a com- 

James Robertson and his wife, indwellers in 
Irvine, apprehended to be cited before the Pres- 
byter}' for writing a letter to Barbara Montgo- 
merie, now apprehended for the sin of witchcraft, 
wherein they dissuade her from confession of that 
sin, and desiring her by any means to keep her 
tongue, and all the world will not get her life. 

2d July, 1650. — Tlie confession of two persons 
in Irvine, having acknowledged their guiltiness of 
witchcraft, viz., Thomas Brown and Isobel Carse, 
likewise of ane Samuel Elves, an Englishman, who 
had been a common beggar this many years in the 
country, being read, are judged clear to be holden 
furth to the Committee of Estates for a commis- 
sion to put them to ane assize. 

In 1 697, a fast to be observed for various sins, 
among others the sin of witchcraft. Three people 
in Ardrossan, charged with using a charm to pre- 
serve their cattle from disease, who declared they did 
it ignorantly, and professed their grief, are sharply 
rebuked, and ordered back to their session to be 

19th July, 1698.— The Presbytery appoint Mr 
Pat. Warner, their commissioner, to attend with 
other ministers, the meeting of Parliament, for 
prosecuting of the recommendations of the General 
Assembly against popery and witchcraft. 

This is the last instance in which witchcraft is 
mentioned. There are several cases where parties 
were brought before the Presbytery for consulting 
spaewives for the purpose of recovering stolen 
goods, the last instance occurs in the year 1735. 

A number of individuals were brought before 
the Presbytery at different times charged with 
malignancy, and being concerned in the unlawful 
engagement. Among others the Earl of Glen- 
cairn, Lords Montgomerie and Boyd, the lairds of 
Robertland, Knock, Baidlond, Cambskeith, &c., 
and the sons of Loinshaw and MAgbiehill ; all 
these parties appear either to have given satisfac- 
tion to the kirk, or evaded it by keeping out of 
their jurisdiction, in which cases the Presbytery 
applied to their brethren, in the part of the coun- 
try' to which the culprits had gone, to follow up 
the proceedings against them. The following are 
a few of the cases mentioned : Janet Cunninghame 
in Kihnaurs, for cursing of all those who went out 
in the public cause, (i. e., those who went out to 



oppose parties employed in the unlawful engage- 
ment,) ordered to be cited. Adam Simpson cited 
for malignancy, viz. drinking to the confusion of 
all that were contrary to the engagement, calling 
the ministers deceivers of the people. That he 
did curae the people of God — ^that he called Mr 
Robert Aird ane ass and fool, because he said the 
Parliament ought only to be obeyed in the Lord. 
Simpson asked who were his accusers. The Pres- 
byterj" answered, " That /ama clamosawos enough 
for the Prcsbj-tcry to own it, albeit there was none 
to accuse him.** 

Aug. and Sept. 1649. — Lord Montgomerie, and 
others, applied to be allowed to conless their sin 
in joining the unlawful engagement, which appears 
to have been granted after having sufficieutly 
humbled themselves and submitted to the kirk. 
The ladies did not escape. " Concerning the Lady 
Kubertland, Mr Andi'ew Ilutcliison is appointed 
to trj* what was her caiTiage in the time of the 
unlawful engagement." 

April, 1650.-^Process against the laird of Knock 
continued notwithstanding of his removal to Ire- 
land. Tliey had, since 1G47, hunted this unfor- 
tunate laird all over Scotland, and ho appeal's at 
last to have taken refuge in Ireland. 

7th May, 1650.— Tlie laird of Robcrtland ap- 
peared, but said he was not yet convinced of the 
unlaw&l engagement. The Presbytery being 
*^ desirous to go about all lawful means for the 
gaining of the gentlemen," appointed Iklr Pat. 
Oolville and Mr Wm. Guthrie, to go and labour 
with him to convince him. 

Custom-IIouse Records. 

]Much has been said by our local romancers on 
the subject of smuggling on the coast of Ayrshire 
during the last centur}'. Many marvellous stories 
have been told of the feats of those engaged in 
the contraband trade, and of the great extent to 
which it was carried. The following extracts 
from the Custom-house records show that there 
is at least good foundation for some of the tradi- 
tional averments still current amongst the pea- 
santry in the smuggling districts : — 

1728, Sept. 27.— A letter fi-om the collector 
and comptoller, mentions a vessel, the Prospdrity 
of Kilbride, having arrived at Saltcoats, on 6th 
September, with a cargo of brandy, woollens, &c., 
accompanied by a king's sloop, to prevent the 
cargo being run. The avowed object for coming 
to Saltcoats being to take in salt, in addition to 
her cargo. The master delayed sailing on pre- 
tence of having met with damage, and being un- 
able to proceed on her voyage. 

28th Oct. — ^Another letter states that a mob 

had attacked and robbed the vessel, after having 
severely beaten the officei's in charge, and on 7th 
November, they reported that one of the officera 
^* was dangerously ill, and his life much doubted 
of from the bruises he had received on that oc- 

1728, Nov. 7. — ^The Custom-house attempted 
to be robbed. At this period it appears to have 
been the practice when tobacco was shipped, to 
send troops from Glasgow to guard the vessek 
till they sailed. 

1730, Nov. 10. — ^A letter fit>m the Commis- 
sioners mentions that a troop of dragoons was 
quai'tered at Kihnamock, another at Kilbride, 
and 50 men at Irvine, Saltcoats, Beith, &c., ^^ for 
the assistance of the officers of the customs iu the 
execution of their duty." 

1730, Dec. 3. — ^The collector and comptroller 
directed, ** not to receive any Old Bank notes iu 
time coming, as the Old Bank" (we suppose the 
Bank of jScotland) ^^ have come to a resolution to 
alter the form of their notes, above twenty sliil- 
lings value, whereby they have reserved to them- 
selves an option, whether they will pay their cur- 
rent casli notes on demand, or within six mouths 
thereafter, which being a proceeding of a very 
extraordinary and uncommon nature, and attend- 
ed with great inconvenience', &c. &c." In 1775, 
we find the collector and comptroller ordered not 
to take Glasgow bank notes. 

1731, Sept. 23. — From Commissioners, men- 
tioning their having dismissed James Crawfurd, 
surveyor, Alexander Kennedy, landwaiter, and 
the collector's clerk, for beuig concerned in a fruud 
on the revenue, by shipping lately at Saltcoats, 
on board the Moses, a considerable quontit)'* of 
peats and stones as tobacco. 

[This James Crawfurd was a son of Viseoiint 
Gamock, and if he had had a family and descen- 
dants, his heir would have now been Earl of Craw- 
furd. James Crawfiu*d was the alleged ancestor 
of Crawftu'd, the L4sh schoolmaster, who, about 
forty years ago, laid claim to the title and estates 
of the Earldom of Crawfurd.] 

1732, April 12. — Commissioners mention tihat 
they had received information frt)m the Isle of 
Alan, that thirty sail of vesseb were loading brandy 
and other goods for Ireland and this country. 

1733, July 6. — Francis Porter, cooper and tide- 
waiter, understanding from Kilwinning, that on 
Friday last, there were 16 or 18 carts there, which 
came empty from Glasgow, in order to assist at 
the re-landing tobacco along the coast, (our tides- 
men observing always when any of our own car- 
ters stir,) went with some others of our own tides- 
men that night to Saltcoats, where they mostly 
suspected it to be, and with the assistance of Mr 

PARIfiH OF iRvnrs. 


Charles Hamilton, landwaiter, and other officers 
there, carefully watched that night, and nothing 
occurred ; onlj they observed several of Mr B.^8 
sons, going to and fro, about his storehouse there. 
In the morning, Mr Ilamilton went along the 
coast to learn what had become of the carters that 
were at Kilwinning, and on his way understood 
they had gone a bye-way to Feneorsc, for fear of 
being dbcovered ; but by the tracks in the sand, 
was led to that old castle where the carts lay, and 
their horses grazing hard by. Likewise in a creek 
hard by that castle was a lighter, loaded with 
tobacco, from Port- Glasgow; he being suspicious 
they had put part ashore the night before, went 
on board of her and saw their oocket, which was 
for Fort- William and Inverary, and saw her full. 
lie kept spies on her several nights, which they 
understanding, thought it most proper to bring 
her about to Saltcoats, and they have now got a 
warrant to land it. Mr Hamilton since informs 
us, that that night 20 of the hhds. had been put 
on shore, and some of them came the length of 
Ameal, (where Mr B. has been at Goat-Whey 
this summer,) on their way to the storehouse at 
Saltcoats, but the spies informing him that the 
officers were out, drove it all back again to the 
lighter. We are of opinion that the trick intend- 
ed, was to have landed the 43 hhds. on board the 
lighter, without any despatch, and to have sent 
the lighter with the coast cockct to the Isle of 
Man, or some part of the Highlands, where they 
may haVe re-landed tobacco, and by the cloak of 
the coast cocket, to have brought home the same 
quantity of tobacco, which they judge not safe to 
risque without one, and to land it regularly in 
order to get their coast bond cancelled. 

1733, July 19. — Last night there came 40 or 
60 armed men from Beith (as we suppose), and 
broke open the Custom-house, and took away a 
considerable quantity of the brandy, rum, teas, 
&C., that was condemned in exchequer, and fallen 
into the officers^ hands at sale ; also most of tlie 
parcels claimed by the Admiral, and calico and 
other goods which lay for payment of the duties. 
They set guards round the house, so that neither 
the officers who were on watch in the house, nor 
the collector's servants, could get out to alarm the 
other officers, till a forward maid-servant of the 
collector's went out ut a back window, three stories 
high, on the roof of the adjoining house, and so 
got down and alarmed the surveyor. Had it not 
been for her getting out, and making this alarm, 
together with the shortness of the night, also the 
strength of the door, which took them a good deal 
of time to undo, they had lefl nothing, &c., &c. 
Troops are requested by the comptroller. 

1733, August 10. — ^It is flagrant up and down 

the country who were concerned in it (the robbery 
of the Custom-house^, and there has been strange 
debates among themselves about the division. 
Last week, two of our officers went round the 
country, and to Beith, incognito, and learned the 
whole people concerned, and particularly got one 
of the carriers, who was present, to meet Ladyland 
and me yesterday here, and made a full confession. 
He happened to be unmercifully beat, which made 
him make the clearer confession. There are others 
abused also, from whom we expect a like disco- 
very. But the whole affidr must lie dormant till 
the soldiers come to the countr}% for without them 
there is no attempting to secure any of them. 

1733, August 13. — Upon Saturday last, one 
James Ker, in Crumock, in Beith parish, came 
and told mo that a sub-tcnantof his hod acquainted 
him of his being willing to discover the whole, so 
being he would be pardoned. He also told mo 
that the ringleaders of that base crime were en- 
tering into an association and solemn oath not to 
discover any part of that fact ; and that whoever 
refused to do so were in danger of being murder- 
ed by the rest ; and that if I would give this Ker 
what would maintain this person, either at home 
or elsewhere he might be obliged to go to, which 
I undertook. Ho brought him, and he made the 
confession enclosed, which I think is more full than 
the one made here the beginning of the week. 

Note, — The confession is not copied in the let- 

1733, September 12. — Yesterday morning, one 
of the officers of excise here brought 12 casks of 
brandy, which they seized in one of the present 
magistrates* houses^ and this morning, betwixt two 
and three, a mob to the number of 50, armed with 
guns and other oiTensive weapons, attacked the 
Custom-house, who, afler an hour's hard work, 
broke open the door leading to the warehouse. I 
made all the resistance I could, having none but 
myself and a servant in the house, and alarmed 
the neighbourhood sufficiently, though without suc- 
cess, they being all in the mob's interest, and such 
of the officers as lived near the Custom-house were 
sent out by a sham information, so that I had no 
access of getting them any notice ; however, by 
the methods used, they were diverted fi'om their 
main design, not having got the warehouse broke. 
I have too great reason to believe that such mobs 
are connived at by those whose business it is to sup^ 
press them, 

1733-4, January 31. — ^We were yesterday in- 
formed by Mr Charles Hamilton, land-waiter at 
Saltcoats, that the Eagle of this place, John Boggs, 
master, wherein Mr B. hod shipped tobacco for 
London, lay still there, as also the empty lighter 
that brought it about from Clyde, notwithstanding 



they might often have sailed with a fair Tnnd ; that 
for eight days past, there were lodged in about 
Saltcoats and Kilwinning (where Mr B. is for the 
present), several carts and two horses in each, that 
came from Glasgow empty; that he and the offi* 
cers, who are all on their guard, do observe them 
all convened at Mr B.'s storehouse, ready to put 
some base object in execution, and as soon as they 
learn the officers are out, the carts are locked up 
in the warehouse, and the horses dispersed. Mr 
B. has, since the carts have been here, given some 
of the tidesmen sham information where brandy 
lay at some distance, in order to carry them off, 
but in vain. He also informs us that their design 
is to land this here, and to carry tobacco along 
with our coast cocket, which he might have re- 
landed in the Highlands. The officers have been 
so fatigued, that we were obliged to send others 
to relieve them. He begs us to entreat your 
honours would use your influence to get the half 
of the command that lie here removed to Saltcoats ; 
for thouofh he should see them in the execution of 
any unlawful thing of the kind, he could not pro- 
pose to make a seizure good among such robust 
fellows as these carters are. We are hopeful, 
through the officers' vigilance, to break IVIr B.'s 
plan in this attempt of re-lauding tobacco, with- 
out warrant, as was done last year, with respect 
to that parcel shipped for England on board the 
Thistle^ of which John Boggs was also master. 

173 J, February 28. — We received yours of the 
25th. In answer, please know that the Eagle of 
Saltcoats sailed on Monday last, and has on board 
25 hhds. leaf, and 7 hhds. roll tobacco, containing 
25,688 pounds. John Boggs is gone master. Tlie 
lighter which took this tobacco from Clyde, took 
in a few coals, and sailed some days before the 
Eagle^ pretending to be bound for Belfast, though 
we have cause to suspect she is to be employed in 
assisting them to execute some base scheme. We 
learn the Thistle is now at Dublin, on her way 
from Hamburgh to Belfast. Enclosed is a return 
of a seizure of snake root, made by the officers 
here. The party at Saltcoats shall be ordered to 
return to Glasgow in a day or two, when she may 
be fairly off the coast. 

1764, March 26. — ^From collector and comp- 
troller to Commissioners. Be pleased to know 
that we have been lately informed, that for a con- 
siderable time past both the officers of the Cus- 
toms and those of the Excise in this collection, 
and in the collection of Ayr, who have been in 
use to make seizures of brandy and rum at the 
Troon point, about four miles from this port, have 
compounded with the smugglers, and still continue 
to do so, generally at the rate of foiur casks to 
each officer — at the same time allowing several 

hundred casks of spirits to be conveyed away into 
the country in their presence ; and fruther, that 
their composition is such with the smugglers, that 
the few casks received by them by way of compo- 
sition, are sometimes first laid on the shore and 
set apart by themselves, there to remain untouch- 
ed by the officers till the residue of the cargo be 
landed, and all the residue conveyed into the 
country as aforesaid. As this collusive practice 
must greatly encourage the smugglers, and also 
augment the illicit and very pernicious trade of 
running of spirits into this precinct, and as we are 
very apprehensive that certain of the officers of 
the Customs here under our immediate inspection 
are too much concerned in those compositions, 
(with a greater body of excisemeji who pretend 
to have authority from their board to compound, 
and who have made our officers in some degree 
believe so,) we thought it our duty to acquaint 
your honours of the same, that such methods 
may be taken in order to the suppression of every 
collusive practice tending to the encouragement 
of smuggling, as to you shall deem fit. 

This method of compounding has intimidated 
some of the officers, so far as they dare not at* 
tempt to make a seizure unless they unlawfully 
join with those tliat compounded, and therefore 
find it impracticable to do imy service to the re- 
venue in making search for run goods, and we 
cannot help acquainting your honours, that upon 
the 8th or 9th day of February last, John Har- 
per, tidesman here, and James M^Nillie, land- 
waiter at Ayr, made a seizure at the Troon point 
of several packages of teas, &c., landed out of a 
wherry in the forenoon of that day, and were de- 
forced, cut, beat, and abused by the smugglers 
and their abettors, and the goods which they were 
in possession of, rescued. 

Your honours will also be pleased to know 
that the wherry put off again, and in the night of 
the said day, she returned and landed several 
hundred casks of spirits at the Troon point, after 
a composition had been made by a great many 
other officers both of the Customs and Excise, 
and other aiders and abettors. 

Your honours will be pleased to know, that 
after inquiry made here as to the nature of frauds 
carried on between the Isle of Man and Scotland, 
we find that as the Isle of Man is so situated, and 
that as it is not above six or seven hours' sail fi*om 
the nearest port of Scotland, and but about twelve 
hours' sail from this port, it is now more than ever 
become the greatest storehouse or magazine for 
the French and other nations to deposit prodigeous 
quantities of wines, brandies, rums, &c., coffee, 
teas, &c., and other Indian goods, and all manner 
of goods and merchandizes that pay high duties 



in Great Britain or Ireland, or are prohibited to 
be imported into these kingdoms, which are after- 
wards carried off in small boats and wherries 
built for that purpose, and smuggled upon the 
oooflt of Scotland to an enormous degree, as well 
as upon the coast of England and Ireland, which 
no method has yet been found out to prevent in 
any degree, (not one in a hundred of the boats, 
wherries, or Tesaela concerned in the smuggling 
trade being taken at sea, or seized afterwards) ; it 
cannot therefore be supposed that it can much 
longer be suffered to be carried on to such an ex- 
oibitant height. 

Your honours will further be pleased to know, 
that this is all the information we can obtain here 
with respect to the nature and manner of the 
frauds carried on between the Isle of Man and 
Scotland in general ; but we beg leave to acquaint 
you, that smuggling into this part of Scotland has 
so fiur increased, that it is believed that goods 
thence have been smuggled into the precinct of 
Irvine to the value of 20,000 pounds in the last 
twelve months, notwithstanding of the king's 
cruizers, and the endeavours of certain of the 
officers of the Customs and Excise upon land to 
suppress it. 

We cannot pretend to make out a list of all the 
goods imported into the Isle of Man, and after- 
wards smuggled upon the coast of Scotland ; but 
enclosed we send your honours a list of the seve- 
ral kinds of goods that have been given into us 
from our inquiry, together with the trivial duties 
sud to be paid thereon to the proprietor of the 

A list of goods imported into the Isle of Man, 
said to pay duties to the proprietor of the island 
as under, and afterwards smuggled into Scotland, 
via. — 

Brandies, rum, and geneva, one penny per gal- 
lon; arrack, twopence per gallon; wines, one 
hal4>enny per gallon ; tobacco, one halfpenny per 

The following goods 2^ per cent, ad valorem^ 
viz. — 

Teas, silks, and other India goods, Barcelona 
bankerchie&, French lawns, silks, gloves, and 
laces, chocolate, coffee, china ware, spiceries, India 
drugs, and groceries. 

Report by R. APClure and A, Crawfurd^ Oct 1764. 
Between seven and eight in the morning, we 
descried a boat coming into the Troon, which 
proved to be a small Isle of Man one, and which 
we believed contained foreign spurits. She no 
sooner arrived, than about 100 men, mounted on 
horses, having large sticks in their hands, accom- 
panied with some' women, instantaneously came 


down from the country, and took possession of 
the Troon ; and though we immediately made an 
attempt to seize the said boat and spirits, we 
could by no means get access to her for the mob, 
who threatened to put us to death if we offered 
to touch her or what was in her. However, the 
spirits having been immediately landed, we stood 
by in order if possible to seize any part of the 
same, when convening into the country, and ac- 
cordingly we then laid hold on three carts, with 
six casks of the spirits in each, but had no sooner 
made a seizure thereof, than we were attacked by 

one , servant to , in Loans of 

Dundonald, and by three other men unknown to 
us, and disguised in sailors* habits, all well pro- 
vided with great sticks, who deforced us of the 
seizure, while others, also unknown to us, drove 
off the carts and spirits, swearing ever>' moment 
to knock us down, and sometimes lifted up their 
sticks ready to lay on blows, upon which we made 
off with an intention to go for Irvine, (seeing we 
were so unequal in force, and that all the spirits 
were conveyed up into the country,) and in our 
way, about a quarter of a mile from the T^roon, 
we met with John Cousar. 

1764, Oct. 20. — ^From collector and comptrol- 
ler. We have received your letter of the 15th 
ult., acquainting us that your honours had re- 
ceived undoubted information that large quanti- . 
ties of rum and tea were to be smuggled from the 
Isle of Man, at Troon, Heads of Ayr, or Tum- 
berry, when the nights were dark and favourable 
for the purpose, and therefore directing us, and 
all the officers under our direction, to exert our- 
selves upon that occasion, and to inform you of 
our proceedings. 

We beg leave to acquaint your honours that, 
in obedience to your said order, we and all the 
other officers have used our utmost endeavours to 
disconcert the smugglers in the execution of their 
intended fraud, and that notwithstanding thereof, 
no seizure has been made by any of us since the 
receipt of that order, excepting four kegs of rum, 
by John Harper, tidesman; that the said four 
casks of spirits are part of a wherry, and of a 
boat^s cargo, direcUy fi^m the Isle of Man, and 
landed at the Troon yesterday, and the whole of 
the spirits and a parcel of tea, &c., conveyed into 
the country before the said John Harper, and 
Robert M^Glure, and Andrew Crawfurd, tidesmen, 
could make up to the smugglers. That John 
Harper was cut and much abused by sundry cad- 
gers and carriers, supposed to have come from 
Glasgow and the coimtry adjoining, whose names 
are unknown to him and the other tidesmen. 
That the said officers were so much obstructed in 
the execution of their duty, and threatened by 




persons well known to them, that they could not 
make themselves masters of one keg more, out of 
about 150 cart and horse loads of spints, &c., 
conveying further into the country by a huge 
number of country folks, a great part of whom 
were resolute and desperate fellows, being present 
at their threatening and obstructing the said of- 
ficers, and who were aiding and assisting in con- 
veying away the run goods. That the said tides- 
men went out to the Troon upon a venture, and 
afterwards finding a necessity for a party of the 
military, they immediately called out the same, 
but before the party could make up, the whole of 
the run goo<ls were conveyed away into different 
parts of the country and concealed. 

We further beg leave to acquaint you, that it 
is our humble opinion, that the most efl^ual 
means of suppressing smuggling at the Troon, 
(which has arisen to a very enormous degree), 
would be for your honours to order a cutter, well 
manned, a constant station at the Troon, and 
never to leave that station but in the case of them 
seeing smuggling wherries and boats going past. 
We are also humbly of opinion, that were one 
other cutter stationed at the Heads of Ayr, where 
wo are informed smuggling is carried on very con- 
siderably, and a third to cruize between the Heads 
of Ayr and Mull of Cantyre, this would be of much 
more service to the revenue than any method that 
has hitherto been fallen upon. 

29th August, 1766. — TixQ collector and comp- 
troller report, that the vesting the ports in the 
Isle of Man in his Majesty, has had the efiect of 
suppressing in a great measure the smuggling from 
that quarter; but that they are informed that 
great quantities of rum from Belfast has been run 
at Troon and other places, as well as on the coast 
of Galloway. 

1768, August 17. — ^From Commissioners, men- 
tioning that they had received information that the 
smuggling trade firom Holland had increased to an 
enormous height upon the coast of Scotland. 

1768, December 8. — ^From collector and comp- 
troller, stating that a party of smugglers, eight in 
number, or upwards, on horseback, with casks 
under them, had, between seven and eight o'clock 
in the evening of the previous day, crossed the 
bridge at Irvine, the river being flooded; that 
they had been intercepted by the revenue officers 
— some shots having passed on the side of the 
officers, and many blows on both sides; and that 
two of the smugglers had been seized and com- 
mitted to prison. 

1769, February 21. — From collector and comp- 
troller, mention that a vessel, the Diamond^ hav- 
ing arrived from Dublin, and officers placed on 
board, that between twelve and one o'clock the 

previous night, a party of about twenty men liad 
boarded her, and tied the officers, and carried off 
a quantity of goods concealed on board. 

Of the ecclesiastical history of the paiish of 
Irvine since the Reformation, the Statistical Ac- 
count affi>rds a succinct outiine. ''*• The first Pres- 
byterian minister of Irvine, Mr Thomas Young, 
was inducted in 1570. He was succeeded by Mr 
Alexander Scrimseour in 1598; and in 1610, he 
and several of his brethren were eharged by the 
Lords of Secret Council with the crime of har- 
bouring ^John Campell alias Fadder Cbristos- 
tome, ane known trafficqumg priest.' Mr Scrim- 
seour, in 1618, was succeeded by Mr Dicksoo, 
who was deprived of his office by the Court of 
High Commission ; but was afterwards restored 
through the influence of Alexander the Sixth Bar! 
of Eglintoun. Mr Dickson was translated, and 
became Professor of Divinity, first at Glasgow, 
and subsequently at Edinburgh, where he died in 
1662. His place as minister of Irvine was filled 
by Mr Alexander Nisbet, whose charact^ is well 
stated in his epitaph, as written by one of his 
brethren in these words : ^ Grande aliquid vultu 
nituit, gressuque docoro ; grandius in magni doti- 
bus ingenii.' After Mr Nisbet, Mr George Hut- 
chison became minister of Irvine. Not giving 
obedience to hb bishop, he was first silenced by 
the Parliament in 1662, and subsequentiy, in the 
same year, he was banished fixun Edinburgh ; but, 
upon their passing the act of indulgence, he was 
authorised by the Privy Council, in 1669, to ex- 
ercise the ministry at Irvine, where he died. Con- 
temporaneously with Messrs Dickson, Nisbet, and 
Hutchison, Mr James Ferguson was minister of 
the adjoining parish of Ivilwinning, and in con- 
junction with these eminent individuals, he formed 
the design of publishing brief expositions of the 
Scriptures. In part, this plan was carried into 
effect. Mr Dickson, inter alia, published his 
^ Expositio Analytica omnium Apostoiicarum 
Epistolarum.* Mr Nisbet published an Exposi- 
tion of the two epistles of Peter, and also an Ex- 
position of Ecclesiastes. From the pen of Mr 
Hutchison, the public received an Exposition of 
the Book of Job, of the Minor Prophets, and of 
the Gospel according to the Evangelist John. 
^Ir Patrick Warner succeeded Mr Hutchison in 
1688. Mr Warner met with great discourage- 
ments from his people in the prosecution of his 
ministry. Greatly oppressed by these discourage- 
ments, he submitted the reasons of demission to 
the Presbytery of Irvine in 1702. Upon the re- 
tirement of Mr Warner in that year, Mr William 
M^Knight became minister of Irvine, and remained 
in this situation till 1750, when he died. His sue- 



ces9or, JVfr Charles Bannatyne, was translated 
firom Kilinorie, in Arran, and died soon after he 
laid the foundation of the New Church, in 1774. 
During the preceding year a church was formed 
in Irvine, in connection with the Synod of Relief. 
The first stated pastor of this new church, via. 
Mr James Jack, was not ordained till 1777. The 
vacancy occasioned in the Established Church by 
the death of Mr Bannatync was filled up by the 
appointment of Dr James Richmond, who closed 
his ministry in 1801. During his incumbency, 
and in the year 1782, Mr White, the second mi- 
nister of the Relief Church, was ordained to that 
office, and, in 1783, he was deposed for error in 
doctrine, and for contumacy. His errors were 
adopted under the influence of a Mrs Buchan. It 
appears from the autograph letters of this woman, 
and from the correspondence of some of her fol- 
lowers which we have seen, that, by herself and 
by them, she was considered as being the spirit of 
God dwelling in flesh, — as being, in short, the in- 
carnation of the Holy Spirit. From the terms of 
the libel against Mr White, we learn that by him, 
and OS we infer by her, it was held, first, that sin 
does not adhere to the believer; secondly, that 
Christ tasted death for all men; and, thirdly, 
that, whilst the bodies of Saints under the New 
Testament are the temples of the Holy Ghost, the 
Smnts under the Old Testament were not favoured 
with this distinction. To the honour of the inha- 
bitants generally, and more especially of the Re- 
lief congregation, her doctrines and pretensions 
excited feelings of abhorrence. Petitions were 
presented to the magistrates, in which, by Dissen- 
ters as well as Churchmen, the magistrates were 
called upon to apprehend her, and proceed against 
her as a blasphemer. They did not do this ; but 
they proceeded to dismiss her fix)m Irvine. * To 
protect the woman firom insult,' as we learn from 
the Statistical Account, by Dr Richmond, *• the 
magistrates accompanied her about a mile out of 
town ; but, notwithstanding all their efforts, she 
was grossly insulted by the mob, thrown into 
ditches, and otherwise ill-used by the way. She 
took up her residence, that night, with some of 
her followers, in the neighbourhood of Kilmaurs ; 
and, being joined by Mr White and others in the 
morning, the whole company, about forty in num- 
ber, proceeded on their way to Mauchline, and 
from thence to Cumnock, and to Closebum, in 
Dumfries-shire, singing as they went, and saying 
that they were going to the New Jerusalem.' 
This occurred in May, 17S4 ; but the woman soon 
died, and the establishment being broken up, the 
imbecile fanatics, who had followed her, returned 
to their former places of abode. Mr White was 
deposed iu 1783, and Mr Peter Robertson was 

ordained as pastor of the Relief Church, in 1784. 
During his ministry the building was ^ilarged ; 
and Mr Robertson died on the 80th January, 
1819. He was succeeded by Mr Archibald Mac- 
laren, who was ordained on the 23d March, 1820, 
and died on Saturday, 11th September, 1841. 

Dr James Richmond died in 1804, and was 
succeeded by Mr James Henderson, who died in 
1820." The Rev. John Wilson was admitted to 
the charge on the 22d June of that year. The 
Rev. Mr Brown is the present incumbent. Up to 
1785, the stipend of this parish was seven chalders 
of victual, chiefly meal, and near £1 00 Scots. The 
augmentation granted at that time was £400 Scots. 
The last augmentation was granted on the 19th 
June, 1^16, and commenced with crop 1816. As 
then granted, the stipend consists of eighteen 
chalders of victual, with £10 sterling for commu- 
nion elements. Originally, the glebe was about 
one and a-half acres, but subsequently an addition 
was made to it of six and a-half acres. The 
manse, which is commodious and handsome, was 
built m 1820. 

The parish, as well as the Presbytery records, 
are in a very imperfect state. 


The only existing antiquities in the town and 
parish of Irvine are the remains of the Seagate 
and Stane Castles. Of the former, Robertson 
says, *^ It belongs to the Earl of £glintoun, and 
is supposed to have been intended as the jointure- 
house of the dowager ladies of that family. There 
is no date upon it ; but from the circumstance of 
the united arms of Montgomerie and Eglintoun 
being engraved upon a central stone in a vaulted 
chamber in the lower story, it must have been 
built since the union of these two families by mar- 
riage, in 1361; and that it could not be much 
later than that period, may be inferred from its 
structure as a house of defence, in which are many 
arrow-slits for bows, but no gun-ports for cannon 
or other fii'e-aiins, which were seldom omitted in 
fortified places erected after that time. In this 
old castle there remains still, quite entire, one of 
the most perfect specimens of the Saxon or Nor- 
man round arch that is perhaps now to be met 
with in Britain. It is erected over the principal 
gateway into the house. A square tower in one 
of the comers is evidently much more ancient 
than the rest of the building,* as may be con- 

• This is corroborative of our suggestion, that the Sea- 
gate Castle is the ancient castle of Irvine alluded to by 



eluded not only from the rest of the building, but 
from the stone being greatly more decayed from 
the action of the weather." 

All that remains of the ancient residence of 
Stane is a square tower of small dimensions. It 
is kept in repair by the Eglintoun family, whose 
property it is. 

The churchjTird of Irvine has some pretensions 
to antiquity, the present church having been built 
on the site of the old. One of the oldest tomb- 
stones is that erected to the memor}' of John 
Peebles of Broomlands, Provost of Irvine, who 
died in 1596. 

Another monumental stone contains the follow- 
ing to the memory of the Montgomeries of Broom- 
lands : " Here lyes Hugh Montgomery of Broom- 
lands, who died in November, 1658, aged 92 
years. Also, Margaret Calderwood, his spouse. 
Also, Greofge Montgomery of Broomlands, their 
son, who died May 6, 1700, aged 86. Also, Anna, 
Barclay and Margaret Wallace, his spouses. Also, 
Hugh Montgomery of Broomlands, their son of 

the first marriage, who died December 8, 17239 
aged 83 years, in the 55th year of his marriage 
with Jean Brown, his spouse ; and the said Jean 
Brown, who died December 8, 1728, aged 83 
years. Also^ Robert Montgomery of Broomlands, 
their son, who died January 11, 1740, aged 63 
years. Also, Hugh Montgomery of Broomlands, 
their son, who died February 24, 1766, in the 
80th year of his age." 

There are also headstones to the memory of 
James Blackwood and John M^Ooull, who were 
executed for being concerned in the rising of 


Gait, the novelist, and Montgomerie, the poet, 
are both claimed as natives of Irvine. 

The celebrated Robert Barclay was Provost of 
Irvine, and a Commissioner to the English Par- 
liament in the reign of Charles I. 


There are several extensive and valuable pro- 
perties within the parish of Irvine, but few fami- 
lies of any note seem to have permanently resided 
within its bounds. The most ancient of these 
were the family of 


A lordship extending to upwards of 300 acres 
of good land. The first of the family we find 
mentioned is " William Frawncies of le Stane," 
who occurs in the charter of the Duke of Albany, 
already alluded to as in the archives of the burgh 
of Irvine, dated 24th July, 1417. The family of 
Frances was connected by intermarriages with 
the best in the district. It, however, failed in the 
male line in the beginning of the sixteenth cen- 
tur}',* when the heiress was married to a younger 
son of the Earl of Eglintoun. 

* Robertson, writing In 1836, says, "Cadets of the family- 
remained in respectable circumstances, in the town of Ir- 
vine and vicinity, to the present times; of whom Mrs 
Cowan, and her sister. Miss Frances, are the only survi- 
vors now of the name — though diverged among many 


I. William Montgomerie of Greenfield, third 
son of Hugh, first Earl of Eglintoun, married, in 
1508, Elizabeth, only daughter and sole heiress 
of Robert Frances of Stane, with whom he got 
the barony of Stane, St Bride's Kirk, and Bour- 
treehill. He built a castle on the lands — ^the ruins 
of which still exist — with his coat of arms thereon, 
being the same as those of Eglintoun, with a pro- 
per distinction. 

Mr William Montgomerie had a licence from 
the King, dated 2d January, 1532, to remain irom 
the army on the Borders, in consequence of sick- 
ness ; but his son and heir, and household, accord- 
ing to his estate, were to pass to the army.* 

^^ The laird of Blair askit instruments that Mab- 

other families through intermarriage. It is a name oUier- 
wise little known in Scotland, and apparently of English 
origin.** Henricns Franceys was one of the " Burgenses et 
cives de Berawylc" who subscribed the Ragman Roll.— > 
Rymer. The arms of the Stane family, acc(wding to the 
seal of Robert Frances, appended to the contract of mar- 
riage between 3f ontgomerie of Greenfield and his dangfater* 
were a masole between three stars. 

• Pitoaim's Criminal Trials. 



ter William Montgamry dedarit in presence of the 
lords, that quhen he past to red the maling callit 
, pertening to Jonet Coluile, that the said 
laird of Blair deforcit him not, nor he saw him 
nodit on that ground.*'* 

William Montgomerie of Stane and Greenfield 
died previous to the 3d September, 1546. He 
had issue: 

1. Arthur, who anooeedad. 

3. Hugh Montgomerie of Stane, of whom aflerwarda. 

XL Arthur Montgomerie of Stane succeeded 
his fiither. He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Fairlie of that Ilk, who died without issue. 
Arthur Montgomerie of Stane is mentioned in the 
latter-will of Hugh, second Earl of Eglintoun, 
who died on the 3d September, 1546. He is 
there appointed, along with many other friends of 
the £Eunily, respectivel/ and successively, tutor to 
the young Earl. He appears to have been suc- 
ceeded by his brother Hugh, who is also designed 
of Auchinhood. 

m. Hugh Montgomerie of Stane and Auchin- 
hood, sold the barony of Stane, in 1570, to Hugh, 
third Earl of Eglintoun. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Blair of Adamtouno,t by whom he 
had a son, Hugh, who succeeded. 

IV. Hugh Montgomerie of Stane, who, accord- 
ing to the Broomland's Manuscript, took first the 
designation of Stane, then of Auchinhood, then 
of Bowhouse.} He married Margaret, daughter 
of Galderwood of Peacockbank, and died in 1658, 
aged 96. It appears that he married, secondly, a 
lady named Peebles, probably of the Broomlands 
famOy. He left issue three sons and two daugh- 

i. Hugh, who saoceeded him in Bowhovae. 

2. George Montgomerie of Broomlanda, bom in 1614, of 
whom afterwarda. 

9. Bobert, lh>m whom Northcove. 

1. Janet, married to John Thomaon of Gmwcadden. but 

had no iaane. 
9. Helen, married Nlnian Barclay of Warrix, and had 

y . Hugh Montgomerie of Bowhouse succeeded 
his father. He married Margaret, daughter of 

Swinton, merchant in Glasgow, by whom he 

had a son, 

YI. Hugh Montgomerie of Bowhouse, who suc- 
ceeded his fiither. He married Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Durry, merchant in Glasgow, by whom 

he had a son, 

* Acts of Parliament, vol. U. p. 81 8. 

t Hamilton of WiahaWa Historical Notea of Lanarkahire 
and Renfiewahire. 

t The aale of the property, in 1570, moat hare been by 
his ftther, as he would only be about four yeara of age at 
the time. He may, howeyor, hare had a leaae or wadaet 
of Stane, hence his flrat designation. Auchinhood was 
part of the barony of Eagleahame, ao that the fiunily would 
aecm to haTehad only a leasehold interest fa that property 

Vn. Hugh Montgomerie of Bowhouse, who 
succeeded his fiither. He married Margaret, 
daughter of George Montgomerie of Broomlands, 
his oonnn, but died in 1718 without issue. 


The Broomlands consisted of the upper and 
nether Broomlands, lying partly in the parish of 
Irvine, and partly in the parish of Dreghom. 
They belonged for many years to a family of the 
name of Feiblbs, merchant burgesses of Irvine. 
*^ Johnne Feblis of Brumlandis" is mentioned in 
the latter- will of ^^ Robert Peblis, burges of Ir- 
vdn, and ane of the baillies thairof," who died 
September 16, 1605. He was, along with ^* Johnne 
Peblis, Knodgerhill,*' and others, appointed one 
of the tutors to the young family of the defunct, 
to whom they were evidently nearly related. 
John Peibles appears to have been succeeded by 
^^Patrik Peibles of Brumelands," whose name 
occurs in the testament of John Stewart, Beith, 
in 1616. In 1623, 4th November, Mariote Pei- 
bles was served heiress of John Peibles of Broom- 
lands, her father, while James Peibles of Knoger- 
hill* was retoured in certain lands as heir-male. 
The Broomlands were subsequently acquired by, 

I. Geobob Montoombbib of Broomlands, 
second son of Hugh Montgomerie (dd) of Stane 
and Auchinhood. He was twice married ; first, 
to Ann Barclay, daughter of the laird of Peroeton, 
by whom he had two sons and a daughter : 

1. Hugh, who aofloee d ed hia Ihther. 

S. William Montgomerie, a merchant, and one of the 
magiatrates of Edinburgh. He married, and had three 
aona: I.William. 3. George. S.Hugh; who all died 
unmarried. Thia line fiuled in the year 1746. t 

Jean, married John Montgomerie of Bridgend, and had 

George Montgomerie of Broomlands married, 

secondly, Margaret Wallace, of the family of 

Shewalton, by whom he had issue, six sons and 

one daughter : 

1. George Montgomerie, mairied Janet, daughter of 
George Garren, clerk of the bailiery of Cuninghame, 
by whom he had a daughter, Margaret, married to 
Alexander Bimpaon, aurgeon in Bdinbuivh, and had 

S. Alexander Montgomerie of Aaaloaoe, OMng 1704, 
when he waa Gommiaaioner of Supply in Ayrshire,) 
mairied Margaret, daughter of Alexanger Montgome- 
rie of Kirlrtonholme, by whom he had iaaue — ^four 
daughters :— 

* Knogerhill is now the property of the burgh of Irvine, 
acquired by puichaae. It fell to an heiress, Jean Peebles, 
heir of her undc, John Feeblea, who sold it to Hugh KU- 
patriclc, burgeaa of Irvine, in 1670, and who, the aame year, 
diapoaed of it to the burgh. Aa the magiatratea were aor 
periora of the landa, they had no doubt originally beloDged 
to the corporation. 

t Broomlaada MS^ GeneaU FragmentL 



1. Janet, married to James Somenrille of Kennox, 
aiid had ittue. 

2. Penelope, married to Sir David Cunlnghame 
of Corsehill, and had issne. 

8. Margaret, married to Mr Fovhea of Waterton, 

and had iasae. 
4. Anne, married George Moore of Ledde, but had 
no isane. 
8. Bobert, died without Iwue. 

4. Ninian, died unmarried. 

5. John Montgoraerie of Wrae, left succession. 

6. James Montgomerie, merchant in Edinburgh, married 
Mary, daughter of Mathew Stewart of Newton, but 
died without issue. 

A daughter, married to Hugh Montgomerie of Bow* 
house, bat had no issue. 

George Montgomerie of Broomlands died 7tb 
May, 1700, aged 86 years, aud was succeeded by, 
H. Hugh Montgomerie of Broomlands, his eld- 
est son, who married Jean, daughter and heiress 
of Robert Brown of Moile, by whom he had five 
sons and three daughters: 

1. Robert, who succeeded his father. 

2. George Montgomerie. He was Captain of a merchant 
ship, and died at Jamaica, in 1785, unmarried. 

8. Hugh Montgomerie, who succeeded his brother, of 
whom afterwards. 

4. William Montgomerie, was a Comet of Dragoons. He 
married Jean, daughter of John Brisbane of Bishop- 
toune, bj whom he had a son and a danghter:— 

1. John Montgomerie of Arthurstone, bom 1728. 
He married and settled in Fife, but died without 
leaving issue. 

2. Jean, his daughter, married Bobert Ramsay, mer> 
chant in Dundee, and had issue ; their daughter 
married Mackenzie of Coul, and left descendants. 

William Montgomerie died before 19th October, 1758, 
as appears by his 8on*s ** receipt of a legacy ot that 

5. Alexander Montgomerie, was Captain of a Letter of 
Marque ship^ and died in the East Indies unmarried. 

1. Margaret, married to Charles Binning of Filmore, 
advocate, and had issue. 

3. Jean, probably married to William Kelso of HuUer- 
hnrst, who is said to have married a daughter of Hugh 
Montgomerie of Broomlands, by whom he had a son, 
William Kelso of HuUerhurst. 

8. Ann, married to Edward Ker, merchant, and one of 
the magistrates of Irvine, and had issue. 

Hugh Montgomerie died in December, 1728, aged 

80 years, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

m. Robert Montgomerie of Broomlands, who 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Mr Alexander 
Cuninghame of Collclland. He died 11th Jan- 
uary, 1740, without issue, and in the 63d year 
of his age,* and was succeeded by his brother, 

lY. Hugh Montgomerie of Broomlands,! who 
had been Provost of Campbelton, in Argyleshire, 
and married Mary, daughter of the Rev. Mr 
James Boes, minister of the gospel at Campbel- 
ton, by whom he had one son and three daugh- 
ters : 

1. Charles, who succeeded him. 

1. Jean Montgomerie, of whom afterwards. 

3. Elizabeth, married the Rev. Mr David Campbell, 
minister of Southend, in Kintyre, and had issue, a son, 

* Broomlands MS. 

t Author of the * Broomlands MS.* elsewhere referred to 
in this work. 

Charies Mantgomerie CampbeU, who mauled and had 
8. Mary, mairied to Adam Dickson, merchant in Glas- 
gow, and had issue. 

Hugh Montgomerie of Broomlands married, 2d]y, 
Margaret, daughter of Mr Leaiman of Money- 
more, in the county of Deny, by whom he had 
no issue. He died about 1767, and was succeed- 
ed by his only son, 

V. Charles Montgomerie of Broomlands, who 
sold that estate, and died in 178-, unmarried. He 
entered merchant burgess of Glasgow, 24th Jan- 
uary, 1754. It was in his time that the large 
tree of the family of Eglintoun was completed* 
Mr Dickie, writer in Kihnamock, an excellent 
penman, was employed to write the tree, which 
was elegantly done, and of such large dimensions 
as to require stretchers of wood to keep it open 
when consulted. He was undoubtedly heir-male 
of the Eglintoun family. Tlie family of Broom- 
lands claimed precedency over that of Lainshaw, 
from an expression in a deed relating to the Hon. 
William Montgomerie of Stane and Greenfield, 
the ancestor of the Broomlands family, in which 
that gentleman is styled second son of Hugh, first 
Earl of Eglintoun. This, however, was subse- 
quent to the death of John Lord Montgomerie, 
the eldest son, who was killed in the streets of 
Edinburgh, in 1520, in the fi'ay popularly called 
" Cleanse the Causeway," so that at the time the 
deed alluded to was drawn out, the Hon. Sir 
Neil Montgomerie of Lainshaw was eldest, and 
William of Stane and Greenfield, second (surviv- 
ing) son of Hugh, first Earl of Eglintoun. After 
the death of Charles Montgomerie of Broomlands, 
the representation of that fiunily devolved on his 
eldest sister, 

VI. Jean Montgomerie, eldest danghter of Hugh 
Montgomerie of Broomlands, who married Mr 
Henry Eccles of the Excise, by whom she had a 
daughter, Margaret. Mrs Eccles survived her 
husband many years, and chiefly resided in Green- 
ock, but occasionally visited her fiiends in Irvine. 
. . . . She died at Glasgow in 178-, and was 
interred in the burial-place of Dr George Mont- 
gomerie, physician in that city, who was a relation 
of the family of Bourtreehill. It was to Mrs Ec- 
cles that the family tree came on the death of her 
brother, Charles. She sent it to England to 
her nephew, Mr Charles Montgomerie Campbell ; 
but it appears that it has been lost since. After 
her death, the representation of the Broomlands 
devolved upon, 

Vn. Margaret Eccles, her daughter, who died 

about 1828. She married a Mr Henderson, and 

had issue: 

1. Archibald Montgomerie Henderson, Ensign Tlstr^- 
ment, or Highland Light Inlluitry. He was vrith his 



TCSiment at tiie battle of Wateiloo, and retired on 
half-pay sometime afterwards. He died without issue. 
A daughter, married to Mr Seton, who» with her hos- 
tMnd, died in 1841, leaving issue. 


The greater portion of this valuable barony — 
about 800 acres — ^lies in the parish of Irvine, the 
remainder in that of Dreghom. It formed of 
old part of the large possessions of the Morville 
fiunily, and in the ^^ time of the Brucean contest, 
it was possessed, through marriage of two ladies 
c^ that house, by William de Ferrars and AUn la 
Suche.^' The lands were afterwards con6scated 
by Robert the Bruce for their adherence to the 
party of the Balliols, their kinsmen, and conferred 
on Roger de Blair of that Bk, ^^ or rather an an- 
nuity of four chalders of meal out of their lands; 
for one should suppose that the rent would have 
been much more, even though the territory should 
not have been so extensive as at present."* In 
1685, and 1696, Bourtreehill belonged to the Skel- 
xnorlie fiunily, from whom it was purchased by 
Peter Montgomerie, merchant in Glasgow, whose 
son (probably) James Montgomerie, sold the pro- 
perty to Robert Hamilton, prior to 1748. 

Robert Hamilton of Bourtreehill, bom 5th 
January, 1698, was the ^dest son of Hugh Ha- 
milton of Clongall, merchant In Ayr. He and his 
younger brother, John, ancestor of the Hamiltons 
of Sundrum, were long resident in Jamaica, where 
they possessed the estate of Femberton Valley, 
and acquired very considerable wealth. He mar- 
ried, and had several daughters : 

1. Jane, married to the Earl of CrauAird and Lindsay. 
9. Frances, died unmarried, in 1798. 
Z. EUnora. married to Hugh, 12th Earl of Eglintomi. 
4. Margaret, mairied to Sir John Cathcart of Carleton, 
without ittue. 

Robert Hamilton of Bourtreehill died 4th June, 
1773, aged 75. He was succeeded in Bourtreehill 
by his eldest daughter, the Countess of Craufurd, 
who died October 6, 1809. The Countess was 
succeeded, as heir of entail, by her sister. Dame 
Margaret Hamilton Cathcart, widow of Sir John 
Cathcart of Carleton, who died in 1785. She 
died April 25, 1817, aged 73, when the property 
devolyed upon her nephew, the present Earl of 


A property of about 300 acres of excellent land, 
belonged, in 1260, as appears from a contest 

* BobertsoQ's Cuninghame. 

with the burgh of Irvine, previously mentioned, 
to Sir Godfrey de Ross of Stewarton. It after- 
wards came into the possession of John Balliol, 
King of Scotland, and on the triumph of Bruce, 
was conferred by that monarch on ^* Sir Reginald 
de Craufurd, of the Loudoun fiunily ; or at least 
two chalders of oatmeal, that John Balliol was 
wont to receive yearly from these lands, was given 
to Sir Reginald. In 1482, it appears along vrith 
Doura and Patterton in a charter to Lord Boyd, 
making part of the jointure lands to his mother, 
the Princess Mary^ sister of James HI. In 1654, 
and from that time, down to 1697, it appears in 
various retours among the lands belonging to the 
Montgomerie family of Skelmorlie, in which it was 
latterly conjoined with the lands of Bourtreehill, 
also belonging to the same family. It belongs at 
present, and has for a long time past, to the Earls 
of Eglintoun.* Part of the lands is in the parish 
of Kilwinning. ^ 


This property " extends to 800 acres of arable 
land, of a heavy and not unfertile soil, and is at 
present divided into four distinct possessions. On 
them all there are suitable mansions, each amid 
its own plantations, making a good appearance 
in the country, over which they all command an 
extensive prospect. This ancient barony, in 1361 , 
is contained in a charter, along with the conter- 
minous lands of Armsheugh, Dowra and Patter- 
toun, to Sir Hugh de Eglintoun of Eglintoun, and 
would pass of course, with the rest of the property 
of that potent baron, to Montgomerie of Eagles- 
hame, who married his only daughter and heiress 
in the same year. The succession of proprietors 
in these lands appears from the progress of writs, 
to the present time, to be as under: — 

1. In 1542, they are contained in a charter to 
Gilbert, first Lord Kennedy. 

2. In 1540, ditto to Gilbert, third Earl of Cas- 

8. In November, 1600, they were conveyed by 
John, fifth Earl of Cassillls, to Neil Montgomerie, 
younger of Lainshaw, who, 

4. In 1602, conveyed them to William Mure of 

5. In 1630, disponed by Sir William Mure to 
David Cuninghame, afterwards Sir David of Auch- 

6. In 1684, sold by Sir Robert Cuninghame of 
Auchenharvie to Hamilton of Grange, who, 

7. In 1710, sold them to James Montgomerie 
of Perceton Hall (now Annick Lodge), and who, 

* Bohertson's Cuninghame. 



8. In 1748, sold them to Kobert Hamilton of 

9. In 1760, sold by the Bourtreehill family to 
the family of Montgomerie of Kirictonholme, or 

10. In 1786, sold, by a judicial sale, to Richard 
Campbell, William and Bobert Reid, and John 

11. In 1795, the abovB Richard Campbell sold 
his part of them to 

12. William Reid of Stacklaw Hill; and about 
the same time, the above John Niven sold his 
portion to Thomas Dunlop, which is now possess- 
ed by his son, Robert Dunlop ; whilst the descen- 
dants of the above William and Robert Reid, and 
William Reid of Stacklaw Hill, enjoy the other 
portions, each in severalty."* 


Part of this property is nearly encircled in a 
* Bobert80ii*8 Coninghame. 

link of the Gamock, and is among the richest 
hohn-land in the county. There is also upon it 
one of the best going collieries in the neighbour- 
hood. The property belongs to George Fullarton 
of that nk, an account of whose fiunily is given 
under the head of ^^ Families in the Parish of 

^^ There are,'* says Robertson, '^many other 
properties, of considerable value, in the parish — 
as Towerlands, consisting of 70 or 80 acres of fine 
land, situated near to Bourtreehill House, and 
surroimded by its land on all sides; Chalmers' 
Houses, nearer Irvine, very rich land; as also is 
Lochwards, in the same quarter; Holm Mill, on 
the Irvine water; Scotsloch, on the north side of 
the town. There is also Bogside and Snodgrass, 
along the Gamock, extensive lands, belonging to 
Lord Eglintoun, partly very valuable, partly sandy 
soil — all incumbent on coal. The burgh itself is 
a great heritor in its own parish, having 500 acres 
or more in full property.** 



Chalmers derives the name of this parish from 
the church, which he reasonably supposes to have 
been dedicated to St Birnie or Birinus, a bishop 
and confessor, who converted the West Saxons, 
and died in 650.* It is curious, however, if this 
was the fact, that all tradition of his festival, which 
occurs on the 3d December, should have been for- 
gotten, ^^ whilst that of St Brandane, the Apostle 
of the Orkneys, is still commemorated on the 28th 
of May, under the modernised appellation of Brin- 
nan^s Day, the great annual fair of Kilbimie." f 

The parish is bounded, on the north and east, 
by Lochwinnoch and Beith ; on the north-west, 
by Largs ; and on the south and west, by Dairy. 
It is from seven to eight miles in length, and about 
two and a-half in breadth, and has been calculated 
to contain nearly 9,000 Scots acres. 

The topographical features of the parish are well 
described in the Statistical Account. It consists 
of ^^ two naturally well-defined sections, viz., a 
lower and altogether an arable division, and a 
more elevated and extensive one, combining with 
a considerable portion of arable land a great ex- 
tent of green hill-pasture, bog, and moorland. The 
lower section, lying in the position of north-east 
and south-west, along the boundaries of the pa- 
rishes of Beith and Dairy, is partly fiat, especially 
towards the south-west, but more generally its 
surface is varied with gently-marked swells and 
depressions. This division, which is nearly four 
miles in length, and about the medium breadth of 
a mile and a-half, does not, therefore, possess any 
striking features, tmless it be the bright expanse 
of Kilbimie Loch, extending along two miles of 
its eastern confines, and the winding course of the 
water of Gamock, which flows through its upper 

• Seyeral other places in Scotland are called Kilblrnie. 
t Statistical Acconnt, drawn np by W ililam Dobie, Esq., 
Grangevale, Beith. 


part from north to south, but which, after passing 
within a quarter of a mile of the south-west ex- 
tremity of the loch, forms the eastern boundary of 
the lower part. West and north-west of this fer- 
tile and highly-cultivated division, the ground as- 
sumes a much greater variety of position and form ; 
in addition to which, it rises somewhat rapidly, 
until it swells into airy upland pastures consider- 
ably beyond the reach of cultivation. These ver- 
dant uplands are succeeded by dreary tracts of 
moss and heath, and irregidar ranges of dusky 
hills, of an extent equal to fully one-third of the 
superficies of the parish ; and, taken altogether, 
compose a region, doomed alike by climate, inac- 
cessibility, and soil, to hopeless sterility. The 
lowest land in the parish is about 93 feet above 
the level of the sea, and the highest, which is the 
Hill of Staik, situated on its north-west boundary, 
has an altitude above the same level of 1691 feet. 
From the summit of this hill, the most elevated in 
the district of Cuninghamc, as well as from sever- 
al of the adjacent heights, panoramic prospects 
of an extent, variety, and magnificence, may be 
enjoyed, unsurpassed by anything in the west c^ 

" There are numerous perennial springs of ex- 
cellent water in this parish, but none have yet 
been discovered possessing medicinal virtues ; that 
especially of Bimie's Well, situated about a quar- 
ter of a mile north of the ruins of Ejlbirnie Place, 
to which it had been conducted by pipes, is alike 
remarkable for its strength, and the superior qua- 
lity of the-water. The Gamock and the Maich, 
the latter forming the northern boundary of the 
parish, are the only streams of any note. TTie 
Gamock rises at the base of the hill of Staik, and 
traverses the district in the direction of south-east. 
About a mile and a-half from its source, it forms 
a wild and romantic waterfall, called the Spout of 
Gamock, which, after heavy rains, presents an 
animated spectacle, strongly in contrast with the 




immobility and stillness of the surroimding scenery. 
Nearly three miles farther down, it winds in me- 
lancholy murmm-ings round two aides of the pre- 
cipitous knoll, on which are perched the tottering 
ruins of Glengamock Castle. Descending thence 
for a short distance through a wooded ravine, it 
hastens over a rocky channel, and after skirting 
the village of Kilbimie, quietly pours its accumu- 
lated waters through a strath of much beauty, in 
the lower part of the parish. It then pursues its 
devious course through the parishes of Dairy and 
Kilwinning, and, after being considerably aug- 
mented by many tributary streams, falls into the 
sea at Irvine. Like other mountain rivers, a heavy 
fall of rain renders, in a short time, the Gamock 
an impassable torrent, a little way firom its source ; 
while during the simimex months, it is ft^quently 
fordable at nearly all points within the parish. Its 
banks are tame, presenting,4n their whole extent, 
no charms to the admirer*Df picturesque scenery ; 
the immediate environs of Glengamock Castle, 
and of the waterfall, alone excepted. 

^^ The source of the Maich is close by the south 
side of the Misty-Law, in Renfrewshire. It runs 
in a direction nearly parallel to the Gamock, from 
which it is nowhere more than a mile and a-half 
distant. After a sinuous course of about five miles 
in a deep channel, occaaonally fringed with natur- 
al wood, this ^ lonely moorhmd river ^ enters Kil- 
bimie Loch from the north, to which it is by much 
the most steady and abundant contributor. Kil- 
bimie Loch lies in the south-east quarter of the 
parish, and constitutes part of its boundaries in 
that direction. It is a beautiful sheet of pellucid 
water, and forms a noble feature in the widespread 
landscape. Its banks, though tame, are remark- 
ably clean, and, where not adorned with trees, 
arable fields slope gently to its margin. It ex- 
tends a mile and a-half in length, is scarcely half 
a mile in breadth, and its greatest depth is about 
five fathoms and a-half. Besides the Maich, the 
loch receives supplies from the Mains and the Bath 
bums, streamlets which have their sources close 
by the town of Beith ; and its only outlet is by the 
Dubs Water, which discharges itself into Loch- 
winnoch Loch. It is well stored with pike, perch, 
trout, and eel, and is betimes the resort of the wild 
duck and heron. The loch forms part of the estate 
of Kilbimie, although that property does not ex- 
tend around one-half of its circumference.* 

« Kilbimie Loch is thus notieed by Bellenden, the tran- 
slator of Boece : " In Cunninghame in ane loch namit Gar- 
nuth, nocht unlike to Loch Dounc, full of fische.** U was 
subsequently called T.<och Thaukart. In 1628, David Cun- 
ynghame of Robertland is served heir of David Cun}mg> 
hamc, his father, in the lands and barony of Glengamock, 
" et loch de Loch Thankart." It belonged to the Cuning- 
hames of Glengamock, but the CraufUi-da of Kilbimie dis- 

^^ The soil in the lower or south end of the parish 
is a deep alluvial loam of great fertility. Ascend- 
ing the river it gradually changes into a rich clayey 
loam, while to the east, along Kilbimie Loch and 
part of the course of the Maich, it is a light red 
clay, resting on a stifi* clay subsoil. West of the 
Gamock, clayey loam likewise prevails, and occa- 
sionally adhesive clay mixed with sand, varied with 
numerous stripes of meadow ground, almost every 
farm in this quarter having two or more acres of 
this valuable ground. The soil of the higher 
grounds being incumbent on trap and limestone, 
is light and dry, and its fertility is snfiiciently 
evinced by the excellency of the pastures. The 
moorish uplands are generally moss of various 
depths, resting on a light-coloured clay, and the 
more level parts are much broken by hags and 
pools of stagnant water." 

There is much want of plantation in the parish. 
Early in the present century, about thirty acres 
were planted on the estates of Ladyland and Kil- 
bimie, which are thriving well ; and a few fine old 
trees still surround the ancient house of Ladyland, 
but very little ^^ now remains of the noble sylvao 
embelHshments of the parks and pleasure-grounds" 
which once distinguished the Castle of Kilbimie. 

^^ Great and striking improvements, by draining, 
liming, and enclosing, have been effected in this 
parish, within the present century, by various in- 
dividuals, and in particular, by the late WDIiam 
Cochran, Esq. of Ladyland. Tliis gentleman, be- 
besides adding considerably to the extent of his 
arable grounds, by an extensive and skilful style 
of draining, beautified much his estate by clamps 
and belts of plantations, and was, by the conse- 
quent increased productiveness of the soil, in the 
course of a few seasons, amply indemnified for all 
his outlays. He was, moreover, the first agricul- 
turist in this quarter who introduced the enclosing 
and irrigation of waste lands, by which, according 
to Alton, in his *" Agricultural View of the County 
of Ayr,^ *■ land not worth more than Bs. or 48. an 
acre, produced to Mr Cochran upon 11 acres, 
3000 stones, county weight, or 4500 stones Eng- 
lish, of good hay.' Another portion of his estate, 
consisting of 129 acres, he raised, by his mode of 
improving it, from Is. fid. per acre, to about £1 
of yearly value. In all his undertakings he was 
eminently successful, and most strikingly illustrat- 

pnted their right, and, in the spirit of the times, these fkmi- 
lies called out their tenants and retainers, and broke one 
anothers' boats. A case between them is reported, IGtta 
July, 1626, (Mor. Diet. p. 10,631), fh>ni which it appears 
that both parties had the loch included in their titles. Th« 
CrauftirdB of Kilbimie subsequently acquired light to the 
barony of Glengamock, and there was no longer room Ibr 
dispute on the sut^ect. Sir John CrauAird's right was ra« 
tifiod by Parliament in 1641. 



ed how much might be accomplished within the 
compass of half an ordinary life, by art and in- 

* TVhen wdmee plans the iiwj^ r m of their toll.* 

Since their introduction by Mr Cochran, agricul- 
tural improvements have been widely extended 
here, all of which received a fresh impulse, a few 
vean ago, by the succession of the Earl of Glas- 
gow to the estate of Rilbimie, comprising three- 
fourths of the parish. Several of the largest arable 
farms on that extenave property are in every 
species of improvement rapidly advancing to the 
limits of perfection; while the hope may appa- 
rently be safely indulged, that the period is not 
distant when all the land in the parish, susceptible 
of profitable cultivation, will be in an equally im- 
proved condition.^ 


Apart from the history of the families connected 
with the locality, there are few details of a histo- 
rical character at all pertaining peculiarly to the 
parish. There are no traditions, even, worthy of 
record, though, from the number of tumulti at 
one time existing, there can be no doubt that 
events, important to our ancestors, occurred with- 
in its boundaries at some period or other. 

The parish, though now divided among a num- 
ber of proprietors, was formerly possessed by three 
only, and was accordingly dirided into three ba- 
ronies, which dirision is still nominally adhered 
to. These are — Kilbimie, Glengamock, and La- 
dybind. 7%e barony of Kilbimie was the most 
extenfflve, consisting of upwards of 5000 acres, of 
the most fertile quarter of the parish. The ba- 
rony of Glengamock extends over about 1400 
acres, of which more than 1000 are arable. Nearly 
700 acres of the best of it, with the superiority of 
all the rest, now belong to the barony of Kilbir- 
nie. The barony of Ladyland contains upwards 
of 1800 acres, nearly the one-half of which is 
arable — ^the remainder, consisting of excellent up- 
land pastures, and a considerable extent of moor- 
land. About 400 acres of the arable land are 
held by twelve different proprietors. 

St ©rinnan's, or Brandane^s Day (third Wed- 
nesday of May), is the principal fair in Kilbimie. 
It has long been famed as a horse-market. The 
value of the horses brought together for sale on 
this occasion, have been calculated to amount to 
not less than £8000 or £9000 annually. A good 
deal of cooper-work, in the shape of milk and 
culinary utenrils, used to be disposed of; and much 
general business is still transacted. Two other 
fiurs, or holidays, were formerly observed. The 
first of these, tiie Trades^ Race, was held on the 

first Tuesday of July ; the second, Craufurd's Day 
— a cow fair, instituted, it is said, by the Crau- 
fiirds of Kilbimie — on the last Tuesday of Octo- 
ber. Both have been discontinued. 

Tliough a church had long existed at Kilbimie, 
and the privileges of a burgh of barony had been 
obtained by John Craufurd of Kilbimie in 1641, 
the existence of the village of Kilbimie is of very 
recent date. In 1740, there were only three 
houses in it. What with manufactures, and the 
recent impulse given to the locality by the Ayr 
and Glasgow Railway, and the vicinity of numer- 
ous iron-works, it is now a thriving and spirited 
community, containing not less than 2000 inhabi- 

*'The church of Kilbimie," says Chalmers, 
^* belonged anciently to the Monastery of Kilwin- 
ning. The monks enjoyed the rectorial tithes and 
revenues, and a vicarage was established for serv- 
ing the cure. At the Reformation, the parsonage 
tithes of the church of Kilbimie were held on a 
lease, from the abbot and monks of Kilwinning, 
for the inconsiderable sum of £8 yearly. The 
lands which belonged to the church of Kilbimie 
passed into lay hands afler the Reformation. In 
1603, the patronage and tithes of the church were 
granted to Hugh Earl of Eglintoun, with many 
other churches, that had belonged to the monks 
of Kilwinning. The patronage of the church con- 
tinued with the family of Eglintoun at the Resto- 
ration, and it still remains with that family."* 

*^ In the Books of Adjoumal, commencing in 
1507, mention is made of Robert Peblis, in Brockly, 
being convicted of a felony done in the house of 
John Skeoch, capelano in Kilbimy. This is the 
first notice we have met with of a resident chap- 
lain. In 1543, James Scott was vicar of Kilbir- 
nie. Prior to that year, the Abbot of Kilwinning 
had granted to the College of Justice a yearly 
pension of £28 Scots from the vicarage of Kilbir- 
nie; but on the 15th of December, a mandate by 
the abbot, ordering said sum to be taken from the 
ricarage of Dunlop, is ratified by Parliament. In 
1567, Mr Archibald Hamilton was vicar and ex- 
horter, with the thryd of the vicarage, amoimting 
to £31, 2s. 2d. He was forfeited in 1571, for 
joining with his clansmen, the Hamiltons, in de- 
fence of Queen Mary, and was succeeded by Ro- 
bert Crawfurd, vicar and reader, who had the 
haill vicarage. His successor was Mr John Har- 
riot, who died prior to 1619, as in that year Mr 
William Russell, minister of Kilbimie, appears as 
a debtor in the testament of Alexander Boyd, one 
of the regents of Glasgow College.! In 1670, 

• Chalmera* Caledonia. 

t On the Uth June, 1647, Hr Bunell complained to the 



Mr William Tullidafi' was admitted mider the first 
indalgencef and in 1672, Mr Patrick Anderson 
was conjoined with him. Mr TullidafF did not 
conform to the wishes of the court, and was in 
consequence subjected to many hardships. On 
8th July, 1673, he w^as fined in the half of his sti- 
pend for not observing the 20th of May, the an- 
niversary of Charleses restoration, and in 1684, he 
and others of the indulged ministers wci*e impri- 
soned. At the Revolution in 1688, Mr John 
Glasgow was admitted, and remained in the charge 
until his death in 1721, when he was succeeded by 
Mr James Smith, who died 11th February 1733."* 
The church of Kilbimie, an object of great inter- 
est to the antiquary and genealogist, " is situated 
about half a mile south of the village, at the base 
of a gentle rise forming the westward boundary' 
of the fertile valley watered by the Garnock. 
The fabric is a simple oblong in form, measuring 
sixty-five feet in length, by twenty-nine and a 
half in breadth, with wings or aisles extending 
north and south from its eastern extremity, and a 
plain square tower of moderate elevation attached 
to the opposite gable. Both the church and tower 
are covered with deep roofs, and the west gable 
of the latter is crowned with a small belfrv. The 
aisles, which are of unequal dimensions, have been 

Presbytery; that Jolui Braidiiie, one of his pai-ishioners, 
)ind called his doctrine " dust and grey meal." The SRid 
John Braidine being saronioncd before the Presbytery for 
the ofTenoe, "oomi)ean>d tjDth June, and ingenuGu.sly con- 
fessed his fault. The Presbytery, considering how preju- 
dicial such speeches were to the whole ministrie, after ma- 
ture deliberation, docs ordain, that first upon his knees he 
make ane confes:$ion of his fault before the Presbytrie, and 
yruflcr to goe to his ownc congregation, and there in the 
public place of repentance make ane acknowledgement of 
his fault likewise; and Mr Hugh AI'Kaile to go to Kilbir- 
nie to receive him." — lie submitted, and was absolved. 

• On his tombstone in Kilbimie churchyard is the fol- 
lowing epitaph, said to have been comixued by Patrick, 
second Viscount Gamock: — ' 

" liethia Barclay erected this monument in memory of 
her dear husband, Mr James Smith, minister of the gospel 
in Kiibimy, who died 11th of February, 1738. 

*' And though after my skin worma destroy this body, 
yet in my flesh shall 1 see God." 

Buried here lys a worthy man. 

Whose life, alas ! was but a span ; 

He pleasure took by God's command. 

To lead us to Emanuel's land. 

He was a blessing to our place, 

Where he did preach by power of Grace, 

Bidding us .Jesus' footsteps trace. 

And from all sinning strive to cease. 

To us, alas! he is no more; 

His soul triumphs in endless gloir; 

Why should we then his death deplore, 

Wlio Joined has the Heavenly choir? 

To make his character oompleat, 

I^ature blest him with temper sweet, 

Kicd to his own, to all discreet. 

All Vt'ho do love his memory. 

Must like him live, and like him dy. 

Then ye'l enjoy eternity. 

In ever praising the Most High.**t 
t Statiftical Account 

added at different periods to the original structural 
the oldest being the one projecting southwards. 
It is built of jointed ashlar, and ornamented with 
a few indifferently formed mouldings: the body 
of the church and tower being, of common ma- 
sonry-, with the quoins and facings of the aper- 
tures of roughly chiseled freestone. Over a win- 
dow of this aisle, in a panel, are cut the armorial 
bearings of the name of Cuninghame, with the 
date 1597, and the letters I. C. and K. C, being 
the initials of Sir James Cuninghame of Glengar- 
nock and his lady, Katherine, second daughter of 
William, seventh Earl of Glencairn. The north 
wing, which is considerably the largest, contains, 
besides the Crawfurd galler^^, a private apartment 
and entrance lobby, and under these, in impres- 
sive contiguity, is the family burial vault. Tliis is 
the most modem and best built part of the church, 
having been erected by Sir John Craufurd in 1642, 
as is testified by his initials, and the date being 
cut in raised characters on the gable of the aisle. 
That the main part of the edifice is of much older 
standing than the earliest of these additions, seems 
obvious from the greater strength and simplicity 
of the masonry in that part of the building, and 
though not prepared to assign a date for its con- 
struction, yet, as the south or Glengarnock aisle 
was built only thirty-seven years subsequently to 
the Reformation, it can scarcely t>e doubted that 
the body of the structure waa a place of public 
worship prior to that great era in the history of 
the country. The church is, however, chiefly re- 
markable on account of the carvings in oak with 
which the Craufurd gallery and the pulpit are 
profusely decorated, and the numerous heraldic 
proofs on the former of the ancestral gentility of 
John, first Viscount Gamock, by whose commands 
all these adornments were executed early in the 
last century."* 

Along the front of this stately family-seat, there 
are no fewer than sixteen armorial escutcheons 
genealogically arranged, besides two elaborate re- 
presentations of the Yiscount^s honours. ^* There 
are, besides, two paintings on the paneling of the 
walls at each end of the gallery, which, though 
but of slender artistical merits, are worth men- 
tioning. The right hand panel contains a repre- 
sentation of the Jewish legislator holding the 
Tables of the Law, and the other the High Priest, 
arrayed in his pontificals. Both of these paintings 
are so wasted, that in a short time the decayed 
canvas will be unable to maintain its situation.^' 

" Besides these illustrations of the ancestral 
dignity of the house of Gamock on the gallery, 

_ ll-M^- ■ - ■■ III -^ 

* This and the subsequent quotations, in reference to the 
church of Kilbimie, are fW>m an excellent accoont of it by 
William Dobie, Esq., Gnmeevale, Bdth. 



there are on other parts of the church three repe- 
titions of the conjoined bearings of Craufurd and 
Lindsay. One of these, which is a painting in 
oil, and an exact transcript of the armorials in 
tlie central arcade, is on the front of a loft run- 
ning across the western portion of the church, 
erected some seventy years ago. The second is 
on the pulpit, and bears simply the impaled coats 
of Craufurd and Lindsay. The other is suspend- 
ed over the Glengamock aisle, and the shield, 
which is of an oral form, is tastefully inwreathed 
with pahns, and ensigned with a Viscount^s coro- 
net, ^e bearings in every respect being the same 
as those first referred to. An empty picture 
frame, affixed against the moulding, above the ar- 
morials last noticed, contained, until lately, a beau- 
tiful specimen of the ornamental cipher. It was a 
painting, or in other words, the letters J. C, M. S., 
composing it, were in gold, artistically shadowed 
on canvas of a bright blue colour. On its falling 
down, the eloth, when handled, crumbled into 
duBt; and thus, as in countless similar cases, was 
lost that which, by a little timely attention, might 
have still withstood the wasting influence of many 
years. ... In a state of decay, fast verging 
to the like condition, though their disappearance 
will not excite so much regret, are two funeral 
escutcheons placed against the opposite side walls 
of the church. Xhat to the right of the Craufurd 
gallery retains only one of its ghastly mementos, 
while the other, which was probably put up on 
the demise of the first Viscount, one-half of its 
blighted quarterings still retain their places, the 
number, form, and arrangement of which appear 
to have been, of course, precisely the same as those 
on the gallery. 

" There remains yet one coat armorial to be 
noticed. Besides the peculiarity of being the only 
one within the church unconnected with the house 
of Gamock, its date shows it to be of considerably 
older standing than the more elaborately insculp- 
ed and artfiilly emblazoned armorials of that fa- 
mily. It is cut on the back of the Ladyland fa- 
mily pew, and occupies only the dexter side of 
the shield, the other half having been left plain. 
The bearing Is a mullet between three cinque 
foils, but the bordure, waved, the special mark of 
difierence of Hamilton of Ladyland, has been 
omitted. Over the shield is the date July, 1G71, 
in raised characters, but the initials W. — C. — 
L — G., plimted against its sides, are those of the 
father and mother of the late Mr Cochran of 
Ladyland, and must have been put there since 
1^756, the year of their marriage. 

On the palpit, an object which attracts the at- 
tention of every visitant, " the most prominent of 
the carvings is a wuiged female figure, the emblem 

of religion, standing on coiled serpents, and hold- 
ing in her right hand an olive wand. Beneath 
the serpent is a richly carved ornament, in out- 
line, resembling somewhat an ancient lyre. The 
lower part of the compartment is occupied by a 
kind of divided pediment, composed of two fillets, 
and finished with circular flowers, firom which, 
across the last mentioned ornament, extends a 
festoon of bay leaves. The fillets, which are five 
inches apart, enclose three cherubs^ heads on each 
side of the pediment, the field of whicl) is deco- 
rated on the right hand with a thistle, and on the 
other with a rose. The space between the figure 
representing religion and the pediment, is orna- 
mented with wreaths of firuit and foliage, termi- 
nating in grinning masks, and doves with sprigs 
of foliage in their beaks; the inten;ticcs being 
sem^ of stars, while at each extremity of the ca- 
nopy stands a half-draped juvenile figure blowing 
a trumpet. 

*''' Besides the gallery and pulpit there are sever- 
al lines of carved cornices, scroll and other orna- 
mental work, on difierent parts of the churcli, 
but the common-place form of these, and their 
indifierent execution, demand nothing beyond a 
passing notice. Little indeed, if any, of the sculp- 
tured work, which we have attempted to describe, 
is calculated, on account of spirited handling, or 
delicate finish, to elicit commendation from the 
finical connoisseur ; by much the greater part of 
it, though efiective enough at some distance, bear- 
ing too many marks of the gouge and the chisel 
to stand a close inspection. To the rough and 
unfinished condition of the carvings, generally, 
may not improbably be ascribed the origin of the 
tradition, that the artist bix>ught them all into 
theu* respective forms unaided by othei* implement 
than his knife. 

" The interior of the church was formerly used 
by the Kilbimie, Glengamock, and Ladyland 
families, as their place of sepukure. Of this once 
common, though baneful practice, excepting a 
flag-stone forming part of the pavement of the 
passage between the gallery and the pulpit, there 
are now no visible indications. The stone bears 
only the engraved figure of a two-handed sword, 
vfith a slightly sunk fillet or groove cut around 
the margin. The memory of him who lies beneath 
it has long since sunk into oblivion ; for, though 
we have heard it stated, that this memorial de- 
noted the last resting place of Sir John Craufurd 
of Kilbimie, who died in 1661, it docs not seem 
at all likely that this distinguished person should 
have been buried elsewhere than in the vault 
erected by himself in 1642. 

" The apartment over the vault, which is en- 
tered by the same outside stair as the gallery-, is 



in keeping with the desolate condition of every 
thing in this parish once belonging to the extin- 
guished house of Craufurd and Gamock. 

* Now to the dost jnone down, their houses, Unds, 
And onoe fair spreading family diaaolved.' 

Shortly after the death of the last Earl in 1808, 
the apartment was denuded of its garniture by the 
order of his sister, the late Lady Mary Lindsay 
Craufurd. Long previously, however, to this, it 
had ceased to be the resort, occasionally, on Sun- 
days of noble lords and high-bom dames, and was 
only used at the period adverted to as the rendez- 
vous where the tenants of the Kilbimie estates 
met on rent days to pay their devoirs to the fac- 
tor. For several years past it has not even been 
thus employed, though it is not improbable it may 
yet serve some purpose still more at variance with 
its original destination. The pictures that once 
adorned its walls, and which are still remembered 
with garrulous regret by a few of the older pa- 
rishioners, consisted of drawings in water colours 
of Kilbimie House, Glengarnock Castle, and en- 
gravings of scriptural and allegorical subjects. 
That several of these possessed considerable merit 
we are induced to believe, by their having been 
deemed worthy of a place in so splendid a man- 
sion as Craufiird Priory; nor would the view of 
Kilbimie House, unless it had exhibited a master's 
hand, been especially noticed in a description of 
that august residence, drawn up by the celebrated 
Delta of Blackwood's Magazine. The only other 
matter regarding these specimens of the graphic 
skill of a former age that we can state with cer- 
tfunty is, that they were all dispersed by auction 
shortiy after the demise, in 1833, of the noble 
person by whose orders they had been withdrawn 
from the apartment." 

^* By much the most interesting monument in 
the burying-ground is the ' stately tomb,' erected 
in 1594, by Captain Craufurd of Jordanhill, for 
himself and his lad^. It stands a few yards south 
of the church, and is of a quadrangular form, 
measuring nine feet and a half in length, six feet 
in width, and six feet six inches in height. It is 
built of chiseled freestone, and covered horizon- 
tally with the same material ; and, though still 
entire, has been long in a state ripe for repairs. 
The walls are finished at the angles with columns 
composed of three bottels, separated by hollow 
curves, which are enriched with the Gothic astrat- 
ed ornament, and over each of the bottels is carved 
a mask, by way of capital. The only other de- 
corated extemsd feature of this * pretty stone mo- 
nument,' as it was designated by Timothy Pont, 
already quoted, is a cornice composed of alternat- 
ing dma-reversas and quarter-rounds, surmount- 
ing the walls. Through an aperture in the east 

end of the monument, aided by a faint light ad- 
mitted through slits in the south and west walls, 
are seen the recumbent statues of the gallant cap- 
tain in military garb, and of his spouse in the cos- 
tume of the time. The figures have the hands 
joined on the breast as in prayer, and, though at 
first look but indifierently seen, the Hght soon 
becomes strong enough to repress all regret that 
these rude efforts of the untutored stone-cutter 
are not more distinctly visible. On the exterior 
of the north wall, the following inscription, which 
has been cut in large raised characters, may still 
be traced : — 


Heir . Lyis . Thomas . And . lonet . Ker . Hla . 

CraviVird . of . lor . Spors . Eldest , JDoc . 

danhil . Sext . Son . liter . To . Robert . Ear . 

To . Lavrence . Cray . Of . Kerxialand . 
fvrd . of . Kilbirny . 1 . 6 . 9. 4 . 

** In the centre of the inscription is engraved a 
shield bearing, quarterly, Craufurd and Barclay, 
and for crest, a figure, by its irregular outline 
meant probably to represent a rock, in allunion to 
Dumbarton Castle. The motto, ^ God . Schaw . 
The . Richt.* was conferred on Captain Craufurd 
by tlie Earl of Morton, in memory of the conflict 
at the Gallow-Lee, in 1571, betwixt the Actions 
of the King and Queen. Captain Craufurd died 
3d January, 1603, and was buried alongside of the 
inscribed wall of the monument, as is still indicat- 
ed by a flat stone bearing his name.* 

^^ There is no other memorial in the church}'ard 
of so old a date as the one just described, by 
nearly half a century; but there are three or four 
flat stones, bearing the figure of a sword, to which 
we would not hesitate to assign an antiquity con- 
siderably more remote. These stones are each 
seven feet in length, and one foot nine inches 
broad at the top, and three inches less at die 
lower end. Between the handle of the sword and 
the upper verge of the stones, is cut, within a 
circle sixteen inches in diameter, a figure seemingly 
intended to represent a cross, with an annulet in 
each of its quarters. On account of these figures, 
but especially of that of the sword, it has been 
alleged that these unlettered memorials comme- 
morate at least the fact of so many Knight Tem- 
plars having been buried here, though there is no 
other evidence, nor even a whisper from tra<]Ution, 
adduced in support of the notion. 

* The name of Captain Cranfbrd has been rendered fa* 
mouB by his adventurons exploit of storming the almost 
impregnable fortress of Dumbarton, in 1571. In consider- 
ation of this extraordinary feat of courage and dexterity, 
which Sir Walter Scott held to be unparalleled in ancient 
or modem history, Captain Craufhrd rec^ved a grant of 
several lands in the neighbourhood of Glasgow, whence his 
title of Jordanhill, besides an annoity of £200 Scota dar- 
ing his Ufe, payable oat of the Fkiory of St Andrews, 



** The remaiiiB of Tam Gifien, the reputed war- 
lock of the district, lie beneath the hearthstone of 
the Watch-house, erected about twenty-iive years 
ago in the south-east comer of the churchyard. 
A few of his ridiculous sayings, by means of which 
he ^ kept the country-side in fear,^ and procured 
a ready amous, are still preserved in the parish, 
and certunly conyey but a low idea of the intel- 
ligence of the peasantry in this quarter a hundred 
and fifty years ago, when a sturdy beggar's idle 
tales could 

* Toasle a' their Up, and gar tbem iibaiDt wi* fear.' " 

The parish records oonunence in 1G88 ; but nu- 
merous and long gaps occur, especially in the 
minutes of session. What remains presents little 
worthy of quoting, being chiefly a record of the 
immorality of the district. 


Under this head, we cannot do better than con- 
tinue our quotations firom the carefully drawn up 
article in the Statistical Account : — 

^* Various tumuli have, at different times, been 
accidentally explored in this parish, and in some 
of which urns filled with calcined bones have been 
found, and in others stone coffins containing hu- 
man remains, fiarly in the century, three stone 
coffins, but without the addition of any mound 
over them, were discovered on the right bank of 
the Gamock, about a quarter of a mile below Kil- 
bimie Bridge ; one of them contained a large urn 
filled with burnt bones; but in neither of the other 
two, nor in one opened about the same time on 
the opposite bank of the river, near to Nether- 
Mill, and close to the base of a large barrow or 
mound, were found any relics whatsoever. About 
thirty years ago, the late Mr Cochran, in the 
course of his agricultural improvements, had oc- 
casion to remove a slightly elevated tumulus, situ- 
ated on the lands of Ladyland, in the centre of 
which a small urn was found containing ashes. 
The urn, untU lately, was to be seen in the Mu- 
seum of Glasgow College, to which it was pre- 
sented by Mr Cochran, but it appears now to be 
either lost or withdrawn from that collection. In 
1S36, a stone coffin, containing remains of liuman 
bones, was discovered on the farm of Langlands, 
about three quarters of a mile north of Kilbimie. 
The tumulus over it was by much the most re- 
markable object of the kind in this quarter. It 
stood on the level part of a field, skirted by the 
Gamock on the west, from which it was fifly yards 
distant. It was of a circular form, 100 feet in 
diameter, and six feet in height. Originally, it 
had been much higher, but, about the beginning 

of the century, a great quantity of stones were 
taken from its summit to form a road in the neigh* 
bourhood. What remained of it in 1830, was 
composed of stones of various dimensions inter- 
mixed with earth. Few of these were heavier 
than a man could carry, excepting a row placed 
seven feet within the line of Uie base, and some 
three or four feet apart, each of which might weigh 
half a ton. The coffin or chest, which was formed 
of six flat stones neatly fitted together, measured 
2 feet 7 inches in length; 1 foot 9 inches in 
breadth; and 1 foot 7 inches in depth. It was 
situated in the centre of the tumulus, and its 
longitudinal position was north and south. It 
contained nothing but bones very much decayed^ 
and the greater part of which lay in its south end. 
Many of these, on being handled and exposed to 
the air, crumbled into dust, but several of the 
fragments which have been preserved can be dis- 
tinctly recognised as belonging to the human spe- 
cies. In the spring of 1837, every vestige of this 
primeval monument was removed. The mound 
situated at Nether-Mill, incidentally mentioned 
above, is of an irregular p^Tamidal form, about 
18 yards in length, 9 in breadth, and between 5 
and 6 in height. It is, we doubt not, artificial, 
and has apparently been formed by excavating 
the adjoining bank, which overlooks it. This 
opinion, though not supported by popidar belief 
or local tradition, is strengthened by the unstra- 
tified appearance of the composition of the mound, 
and by the circumstance of the stone coffin already 
noticed being discovered in its immediate vici- 

^^ Cain. — In tilling a field last year, near the 
ruins of Glengarnock Castle, there was turned up 
a silver coin about the size of a modem shilling. 
It is in excellent preservation, having apparently 
been little worn, and weighs about one drachm 
thirty-five grains. The obverse bears the Scot- 
tish shield and crown, supported by. the letters 
M. and R. Legend, Maria . Dei . G . Sector . 
Regina. 1556. On the reverse, a large cross, 
with four less in its quarters. Legend, In . Vir- 
tute . Tua . Libera . Me. It is of pure silver, or 
appears to be so ; it feels like malleable iron ; the 
modem silver coinage like cast-metal. 

" KUbimie House. — ^The stately ruins of the 
ancient house or Place of Kilbimie, are situated a 
mile west of the village, and overlook a consider- 
able extent of country beyond the valley, beau- 
tified with Kilbimie Loch, and fertilized by the 
Gtu-nock. The surrounding grounds fall gently 
towards this valley, and are varied but slightly by 
a shallow dingle, on the margin of which stands 
the ruined mansion. The building, which has 
been erected at two widely different periods, con- 



sists of an andeut quadrilateral tower, and a mo* 
dem addition, extending rectangularly from its 
east side. The tower is 41 feet in length by 32 
feet in breadth, and its walls are 7 feet thick. Its 
height has been divided into four stories, the low- 
est of which is vaulted and without a fire-place. 
The second, which consisted of a hall, 26 feet long, 
and 18 feet wide, has likewise been vaulted, and 
lighted tolerably by a window in its south wall, 
and another facing the west. Above the hall have 
been two tiers of chambers ; but of their subdivi- 
sions there are no traces left. Access to the dif- 
ferent floors and to the roof, has been gained by 
a narrow spiral stair in the north-east angle of 
the building. A way fenced with a parapet has 
gone romid the top, all of which has fallen down, 
as well as every vestige of the roof, which was 
probably of the high triangular form, common to 
such castellated mansions. It is impossible, from 
any peculiarities in the masonry of this feudal 
tower, to ascertain the period of its construction. 
The absence of gun-ports in its walls — a provision 
of defence with which every stronghold erected 
subsequently to the use of fire-arms was furnished 
— seems to imply that it was built, at the latest, 
in the early part of the fourteenth century, and 
consequently in the days of the Barclays, the most 
anciently recorded lords of the barony. The mo- 
dem part of the edifice was built about 1627, and 
must have proved a satisfactory' increase of light 
and air}^ accommodation to that afibrded by the 
sombre tower. It extends 74 feet, is 25 in width, 
and has been three stones in height, besides the 
attics, the pedimented windows of which have 
risen above the lower line of the roof, as have 
likewise the hanging turrets at the extremities of 
the principal facade. Much of the exterior walls 
of both parts of the building is still entire ; and, 
as is frequently the case in similar ruinous struc- 
tures, the most ancient part is the least dilapi- 
dated. Most of the interior divisions have, within 
these few years, fallen down, a few of the vaulted 
apartments excepted, and in these the '* lazy steer 
and sheep ^^ have been long permitted to find a 
shelter. The building was entirely destroyed by 
fire accidentally kindled on the 1st May, 1757, 
and from which, as it occurred at an early hour of 
the morning, the Earl of Craufurd with his infant 
daughter and the domestics, had little more than 
time to escape.* Eighty years of exposure to the 

* The caiue remained long imaccoimtablc. The car- 
penters had nearly finished their operations. They were 
working in the garret story. They had no fire there, and 
by way of precaution, they locked the doors of the apart- 
ments in the evenings when they left off work, and carried 
the keys with them. They had left, however, the garret 
or sky-light windows open. It was through these that the 
fire found access from a fool chimney that was set on fire 

weather have much lessened, and greatly enfee- 
bled what the fire had spared; while, during this 
long period, all the contiguous pleasure-grounds 
have been torn up by the plough, or permitted to 
run waste. The noble straight-lined avenue, full 
twenty yards in breadth, has returned to a state 
of nature : — the gardens situated to the west, in- 
stead of flowers and shrubs, are allotted to the 
rearing of potatoes and turnips; and of the orch- 
ard grounds no traces are now to be found. The 
high walls with which they were enclosed are 
eveiywhei'e breaking down, and all the fine old 
timber, which had beautified and sheltered " the 
Place*' for ages, and afterwards added much to 
the grandeur and interest of its ruins, -has disap- 
peared within the last thirty years. 

" Glengamock Castle, — ^The ruins of Glengar- 
nock Castle stand on a precipitous ridge or knoll, 
overhanging the Gamock, about two miles north of 
Kilbirnie. This brawling stream skirts two sides 
of the knoll ; and as the ravine through which it 
flows is fully eighty feet in depth, the position, 
under the ancient system of warfare, must have 
combined security with the means of easy defence. 
The only access to the castle is firom the north- 
east, in which direction the ridge, upon which it 
is situated, is connected with the adjoining field. 
At the distance of thirty yards from its entrance, 
a depression in the ground indicates what has 
been the course of a dry moat, by which, and a 
drawbridge, the approach is said to have been 
protected. The ground-plan of this ancient strong- 
hold could, until lately, be easily traced ; and as 
a portion of the exterior walls stiU remains nearly 
the original height, its appearance when entire 
may, with little difiiculty, be yet shadowed out. 
From notes and measurements taken a few years 
ago, it may be described in general terms, as hav- 
ing consisted of a quadrilateral tower, with a court 
of less elevated buildings extending from its east 
side. The entrance has been firom the eastern 
extremity of the latter. This fa<^de is 46 feet 
long, and has been about 24 feet in height. A 
court or passage, 59 feet in length, lay between 
the entrance and the tower, on each side of which 
has been a range of two-storied apartments. The 

by one Sf the ladies of the family, having inadvertently 
thrown the melted grease in the socket of a candlestick into 
a grate in the lower story, about the time she retired to 
bed. Even the firing of the chinmey was not at the in- 
stant discovered, as the flame did not issue firom below, bat 
altogether at the top of the vent This circumstance, which 
was known to one only of the female servants, or rather to 
a nurse, employed at that time in nursing Lady Jean, who 
was afterwards Countess of Eglintoun, was carefully con- 
cealed at the time ; and the burning was always accounted 
supci-natural, till about twenty-four years after, when, on 
the death of the Earl, it was divulged. — ^BobebtsokI 




tower is 45 feet long, 83 feet wide, and its height 
has been above 40 feet. Its upper and now only 
au*ces9ble story has consisted of a hall occupying 
the whole extent within the walls, and the im- 
bowed ceiling of which has been 20 feet in height. 
It has been lighted both firom the court and from 
the exterior walls. One of the windows over- 
looks the rugged chasm through which murmurs 
the Gamock, and from two narrow apertures fac- 
ing the east, the eye may yet revel over a beau- 
tiful extent of the district bearing the same name 
as the old lords of the castle. From the hall, a 
narrow orcular stair led to the upper part of the 
building, which has been surrounded by a parapet 
walL The ruins show neither the arrow-slit nor 
g;uB-port of defence, so common in similar old 
houses. Perhaps the situation was of itself so se- 
cure as to render unnecessarv the ordinary means 
of repelling an attack. The uniformity of style 
in all castellated mansions, erected prior to the 
discovery of gunpowder, renders it hazardous to 
be precise regarding the date of their construc- 
tion. Few, however, conversant with such rem- 
nants of feudal architecture, would hesitate to 
assign to the ruins of this stronghold, an antiquity 
as remote as that of any remmns of masonry in 
the west of Scotland. It is not, therefore, impro- 
bable that Glengamock Castle may have existed 
in the time of the De Morvilles, though the con- 
jecture of its having been the residence of these 
ancient lords of Cuninghame, appears entitled to 
nearly the same consideration as that of its having 
been the castle of Hardyknute. It may be added, 
in justification of so minute an account, that the 
ruins of this castle will soon cease to be an object 
of interest to the local antiquary, or to form a 
picturesque feature in the landscape. The storms 
of January 1839 overthrew the north wall of the 
tower, containing between 4000 and 6000 solid 
feet of masonry ; and unequivocal symptoms por- 
tendf that, at no distant date, the bed of the Gar- 

nock will receive the greater part of the time-worn 

^^ Ladyland House. — The old house of Ladyland, 
briefly characterised by Pont, circa 1609, as a 
^ strong tower,* was demolished in 1815, with the 
exception of about 20 feet in length and 25 feet 
in height of its north elevation. This frf^ment 
is six feet in thickness, and as compact as the so- 
lid rock. A pedimented stone, which belonged 
to a door or window of the building, but which is 
now placed over an entrance to the adjoining gar- 
den, bears the initials W. H. I. B., and the date, 
Anno 1669. The date records, doubtless, the 
period of some repairs, or perhaps the year the 
estate was acquired by Hamilton of Ardoch, as 
there cannot be a question of the existing fragment 
of masonry having formed part of the ^ strong 
tower' noticed by Pont, and in which, a few years 
previously to his visiting the district, had resided 
Barclay, the unfortunate friend of Montgomerie, 
the poet, as had likewise, probably, all his ances- 
tral possessors of the barony of Ladyland. In 
taking down this ancient strong-house, there were 
found, in a cavity in one of the walls, a little above 
the foundation, four small lunis, » painted drink- 
ing glass, and a large jaw bone, supposed to have 
been that of an ox. The urns were neatlv form- 
ed of common clay, three of which were filled with 
an unctuous kind of earth, and one of them, be- 
sides the earth, contained the breast and side 
bones of a chicken. Two of the urns had handles, 
and all of them were tightly closed with shreds of 
trimming or woven cloth, the most of which, on 
being taken out, crumbled into powder. Part of 
these relics are preserved by Mrs Cochran of La- 
dyland, as is a small coin found in the grounds 
adjoining the tower. The coin is of some com- 
pound metal, and bears the legend festina len- 
TE ; but the date and the impress on both sides 
appear to have been effaced by long circula- 



The oldest possessors of the barony of Kilbimie, 
so fiir as there is any record, were the Barclays, 
supposed to have been a branch of the very an- 
cient fiunily, the Barclays of Ardrossan. 

VOL. n. 

I. Sir Walter Barclay, derived, as Crau- 
furd supposes, from Sir Walter Barclay, Lord 
High Chamberlain of Scotland in 1174, married 
Margaret, daughter of Sir John Craufiird of Crau- 
furd' John, by whom he obtained one-half of the 
lands of Crauiurd- John. 



II. Hugh Barclay, wlio was in possession of 
half the lands of Craufurd-John in 1357.* He 
was succeeded by — 

in. Sir Hugh Barclay, designed of Kilbimie, 
as well as of half the lands of Craufurd-John, in 
1397. Sir Hugh had two sons — Adam^ who suc- 
ceeded ; and Archibald, the first of the Barclays 
of Ladyland, soon after 1400. 

IV. Sir Adam Barclay, styled in a charter, in 
1429, " Adam filius domiui Hugonis de Kilbimy." 
He left issue, a son, 

V. Sir John Barclay of Kilbimie and Craufurd- 
John, who died without male issue in 1470, and 
whose only daughter, Marjoiy, was married to, 

I. Malcolm CRAuruitD of Grcenock, the fifth 
in descent fi'om Sir John Craufurd of Craufurd- 
John, t by which the heire-male and heirs-line of 
this family became united. He had a charter 
from James IV., in 1499, "Malcolm Crawford 
de fjrreenock, terrarum de Kilbimie, dimidietat 
baronia? de Crawford- John.'* There were four 
sons and a daughter of this marriage : — 

1. Malcolm, who succeeded. 

2. James, first of the Oraufurds of Monock. 

3. Thomaa. 

4. John. 

Isabel* the daughter, was married to Sir Adam Cuning- 
hame of Caprington. 

n. Malcolm Craufurd of Kilbimie and Crau- 
furd-John, who, on the 24th April, 1499, had a 
resignation from his mother of the barony of Kil- 
bimie and others. He married Marion Crichton, 
daughter of Robert,;^ Lord Sanquhar, by whom he 
had two sons, Robert and John. 

ni. Robert Craufiird of Kilbimie and Crau- 
furd-John, son of the preceding, had a charter of 
the whole lordship of Kilbimie, on the 8th May, 
1499, on his father's resignation, who reserved a 
competency to himself. He married Margaret, 
daughter of Semple of Eliotson. He died in 
1513, and was succeeded by the only son of the 

rV. Laurence Craufurd of Kilbimie. He ex- 
changed the lands of Craufurd-John, with Sir 
James Hamilton of Fynart, for the lands of 
Drumry, in 1528. He married Helen, daughter 
of Sir Hugh Campbell of Loudoun, by whom he 
had six sons and two daughters; of the sons, 
Thomas, the sixth, was ancestor of the Craufurds 
of Jordanhill. He died in 1541, and was suc- 
ceeded by his eldest son, % 

« Craufhrd's Peerage. 

t Sir Jolin Craufui'd is said to have, been the second son 
of Sir Reginald Craufiird, who married the heiress of Lou- 
doun ; but there is some confusion in the family tree, which 
it would be difficult, if not impossible to clear up in a satis- 
factory manner. 

X 1&4U, June 1 1.— Lettre of gift to Hew Cratiftird, sone 

V. Hugh Craufiird of Kilbimie,* who fought in 
the battle of Langside, May 13, 1568, on the part 
of Queen Mary. He married, first, Margaret, 
daughter of Colquhoun of Luss, by whom he had 
a son, who succeeded him; secondly, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Barclay of Ladyland, by whom he 
had a son, William, of ^Knightswood, who mar- 
ried Jean, daughter of Andrew Craufurd of Baid- 
land ; also, a daughter, Marion, married to John 
Boyle of Kelbume. He died in 1576, and was 
succeeded by his son of the first marriage, 

YI. Malcolm Craufurd of Kilbimie, who mar- 
ried Margaret, daughter of Cuninghame of Glen- 
gamock, by whom he had two sons and a daugh- 
ter. He died in 1592, and was succeeded by his 
eldest son, 

Vn. John Craufurd of Kilbimie, who married 
Margaret, daughter of John Blair of that Bk, by 
whom he had three sons and two daughters.! 
It was in this laird^s time (1602) that the place of 
Kilbimie was broken into, and a number of valiia- 
ble articles abstracted. " Johnne Crawfurd, sum- 
tyme in Auchinloch, now (1606) in Auchinbothe," 
was put upon his trial for the robbery, 26th Fe- 
bruary, 1606. The indictment, which is curious, 
is as follows : — 

^^ Forsamekill as he, accompaneit with Thomas 
Wilsoun in Wallase, with divers vtheris thair com- 
plices, cowmoun thewis, in the moneth of Nouem- 
ber, the yeir of God Im. Vic. and twa yeiris, come 
to the place of Kilbimie, the Laird being than 
furth of this realme, and his Lady being than in 
Grenok, ten mylc distant fra the said place of Kil- 
bimy: and thair, vnder silence and cloud of 
nycht, brak the said Place, at the North syde 
thairof, enterit within the samin, and thiflious- 
lie stall, concelit, ressett and away-tuik, flirth 
thairof, and fui*th of the cofferis than standing 
within the said Place, ane figuret velvet goune, 
ane blew bend of tafifetie, ane ryding cloik and 
skirt of broun cullerit claith, wroucht with siluer 
pasmcnt; ane blak velvet dowblet, cuttit out and 
wrocht with silk cordounis; ane pair of broun 
veluet breikis, wrocht with cordounis of gold, ane 
lowse goun of grogranc, ane skirt of broane sa- 
tene, ane broun saittene dowblet, twa hwidis with 
craipis; togidder with ane pair of blankettis, 
quhairin he band all the saidis clathis and abulze- 
mcnts : Quhilkis guidis and geir pertenit to the 

and are apperand to Laurence Cranfunl of Kilbimy, of all 
gudis, movabiU and Ynmorabill, &c. quhilkis pertenit to 
tlie said Laurence, Eschcte for ffalseing and f^nzeing of 
ane prooes of apprizing, led at his instance agaius Johne 
Cnnynghamc (' ic. mcrkis ' of composition.) 

* He was one of the assize at th^ trial of the LaSid of 
Biahoptoune, Oct. 8, 1541. 

t Margaret Blair, Ladf Kilbimy, and John Crawford, 
her spous, occur in the testament of vmqle. Marcoun Bar- 
clay, who deeeist April 1602.— Glasgow Com. Bbc. 



said Johnne Crnwfurd of Kilbimie and bis spous. 
Lyke as, att the same tyme, he with his complices, 
brak yp the said Johmie Crawfm'dis Cbarter-kist, 
standing within the said Place, and thifliouslie 
sstall, concelit, ressett and away-tuik, forth thairof, 
ane grit nmuber of the said Laird of Kilbimeis 
spedall euidentis and writtis, togidder with the 
saidis guidis and geir and abulzements, he and his 
complices had and convoyit away with thame, and 
disponit thainrpoun att thair ploiisour ; and he wes 
airt and pairt of the thifleous steilling, conceling, 
resetting and away-taking of the saidis guidis, 
geir, writtis, euidents and vtheiis aboue writtin, 
and of the breking of the said Place, in maner, and 
att the tyme forsaid; quhilk wes notourlic knawin. 
To the takin, (token) he, with his w^'fie and 
semand-wemene, delyuerit bak agane to the Lady 
Kilbimy, within the duelling house of Cuthbert 
Crawfurd in Parkfut, in presens of the said Cuth- 
bert Crawfurd, Hew Gavin in Boig, William 
AUane in Manis, Thomas Harvie in Brocklirhill, 
Mango Aliane in Sarslie, Hew Starrie in Bank- 
syde, and Greorge Kelso in Brighill, the perticulor 
abulzements following, viz. the saidis cuttit out 
velvet dowblet, the broun velvet brekis, the lowse 
grograne gomie, the broun satene skirt, ane 
broune satane dowblet, the said figurit velvet 
goune, the said broun ryding doik and skirt, with 
the saidis twa huidis, quhilkis wer thifteouslie 
stoUin and away-brocht be him and his complices, 
furth of the said place, att the tyme foirsaid : To 
the takin also, he being examinate him selfif, in 
presens of the Minister, eldaris and deakinnis of 
the Kirk of Kilbirnie, he grantit and confessit the 
haifing of the said blew tafTatie bend, with certane 
of the said Lniixi and Ladies wi*ittis and euidentis, 
hot wald nocht declair how he came be thame ; as 
the Extract of his Confessioun, heirwith produceit 
to schaw, berls: To*the takin l}'kwayis, the said 
Johnne, being charget of bcfoir to find cautioune 
to haif comperit before the Justice, at ane certane 
day bygane, to vnderly the law for the foii*saidis 
cr}ines, he than, for disobedience of the said 
diargc, past to the home; as the Iloiruing lyk- 
wa-vis schawin beiris." 

Notwithstanding the strong evidence here ad- 
duced, " the assise, be the mouth of Williame Orr 
in Lochrig, chancellor, for the niaist pairt, fland, 
pronuncet and dcclairit the said Johnne Craw- 
furd to be clenc, innocent and acquit of airt and 
pairt of the breking," &c. 

John Craufurd died, as the following extract 
from the Commissar}' Record of Glasgow shows, 
in 1622. *' Testament dative and Inventar of the 
gnids, &c. qlk. pertenit to vmqle. Johnne Craw- 
fuird of Kilbumie the tyme of his deceis, Quha 
deceist in the moncthe of Januar, the zeir of God 

1622 zeirs. ITaytfullic maid and gevin vp be 
Johnne Crawfuitl now of Kilburnie, lawful! soue 
to the defunct, and executour dative deceniit to 
his guids and geir be decreit of the Conmiissary 
of Glasgow, 27th Merche, 1622, &c. Inventar — 
. . . . Item, ane boitt wt. hir furnitor, liowing 
and sailling graithe, estimat to jc li. Item, in the 
homes and bomezairdis of ICilburnie, Grcnok, 
and Fairlie Crevoche, rextive. Sax scoir bolls 
aitts, price of the bole v li. 6s. 8d. Cond. the 
penult day of May, 1622. Hew Crawfiurd of 
JordanehiU, Cautr." 

Vni. John Crauiurd of Kilbirnie, son of the 
testator, rebuilt, or rather made additions to, the 
house of KilbuTiie in 1627. He married Lady 
A£ary Cuninghame, daughter of the Earl of Glexi- 
ciiim, by whom he had two sons and two daugh- 
ters, one of whom, Anne, married Sir Alexander 
Cuninghame of Corsehill. He died in 1629, and 
was succeeded by his eldest son, 

IX- Sir John Craufurd of Kilbimie, who was 
knighted by Charles I., and took part in the 
Civil Wars. He married, first, a daughter of 
Lord Burleigh, by whom he had no issue; second- 
ly, Magdalene, daughter of David, Lord Carnegie, 
by whom he had two daughters : — 

1. Anne, married to Sir Archibald Stewart of Blackhall, 
fVom which marriage descended the family of Black- 
hall and Ardgowan. 

2. Marpraret, who married Patrick, second son of John, 
the fifteenth Earl of Craufurd and first of Lindeay. 

Sir John died in 1661 . The representation of the 
family now fell on Cornelius Craufurd of Jordan- 
hill, as heir-male; but in the estate of Kilbimie, 
Sir John was succeeded by his youngest daughter, 
X. Margaret Craufurd, and her husband, Pa- 
trick Lindsay, who now, in consequence of the 
entail, assumed the nau)C of Craufurd of Kilbirnie. 
Of this marriage there were seven children. Both 
husband and spouse died suddenly in 1680, having 
been carried off by a malignant fever. Their 
deaths are thus detailed in Law's Memorials : — 
" October 1680. In one week's tyme, dyed, first, 
the Lady Kilbumie, daughter to the late laird of 
it, on the 12th of that instant, and her husband, 
the laird, second son of the Eari of Lindsay, who 
gott that estate by marrjing this laird's daughter, 
dies also upon the 15th of that instant, both of a 
feaver. The Sabbath befoi-e, they were at the 
celebration of the Lord's Supper at the kirk of 
Beith. On the day they sickened, the laird's 
dogs went into the doss, and an unco dog com- 
ing in amongst them, they all set up a barking, 
with their faces up to heaven howling, yelling, 
and youphing; and when the laird called upon 
them, they would not come to him, as in former 
times, when he called upon them. The death of 
thir spoutjcs was much lamented by all sorts of 



people. They left seven children behind them; 
within a few days after, the Lady Blackball, her 
sister, being infected with the same disease, (for 
it was a pestilentious fever,) and coming to Kil- 
bumie to wait on the funeralls, she also dyes 
there.^ It would appear that a considerable party 
of the citizens of Glasgow had attended the fu- 
neral of these distinguished individuals, for on the 
21st December following, the town-council or- 
dained ^* John Robesoune to have ane warrand 
for the soume of thrie hundreth sextie punds, 
nyne shilling Scots, payed be him for the expenses 
and hors h3rre8 of these that went to the buriall of 
Kilbimie, his Ladie, and to the buriall of the 
Ladie Blackhall." 

XI. John Craufurd of Kilbimie, the eldest son, 
was served heir, 4th December, 1690. lie took 
an active part in those measures wliich led to the 
Revolution, and, as stated in our account of the 
parish of Irvine, commanded the Fencible men of 
Cuninghame in 1689. In 1693, he was chosen 
member of the Scots Parliament for the shire of 
Ayr, and again in the first Parliament of Queen 
Anoe. In 1705, he was raised to the peerage by 
the title of Viscount Mount Craufurd, which he 
afterwards got altered to that of Gamock. He 
married Lady Margaret Stewart, daughter of the 
Earl of Bute, by whom he had five sons : — 

1. Patrick, his sacceasor. 

2. Jolrn. 

8. James, lometime connected with the Customs at Ir- 
vine, and the reputed ancestor of John Lindsay Crau- 
ftard, the Irish claimant of the honoun and estates of 

4. David. 

5. Charles ; and three daughters. 

lie died 25th December, Co. s.) 1708, and was 
succeeded by his eldest son, 

XII, Patrick, Viscount Gamock. He married 
Miss Home, daughter of George Home, Esq. of 
Kelly, by whom he had two sons and three daugh- 
ters, llis eldest daughter, Margaret, was mar- 
ried to David first Earl of Glasgow, of whom the 
present Earl is descended. He died 24th May, 
(o. s.) 1735, and was succeeded by his only sur- 
viving son, 

XUI. George, third Viscount Gamock, who 
succeeded to the honours of Craufurd, &c. on the 
death of John, the eighteenth Earl. He married 
Jean, daughter of Robert Hamilton, Esq. of Bour- 
treehill, by whom he had tlu*ee sons and two 
daughters : — 

1, Gcorjfe, who succeeded. 

3. Kobert. 2. Bute; both of whom died nnmarried. 

1. Lady Jean, married, in 1772, to Archibald, Earl of 
Eglintoun, but died in 1778, in her twenty-first year, 
without issue. 

2. Lady Mary, of whom afterwards. 

Lord Gamock died in 1781, and was succeeded by 
his eldest son, 

XIV. George Idudsay Cntuliird, fourth Vk- 
count Gamock, twentieth Earl of Craufiund, and 
sixth Earl of Lindsay, Lord-Lieutenant of Fife, 
and a Major-Grcneral in the army. His Lordship 
died unmarried in 1808, and was succeeded in his 
estates in fife, Dumbartonshire, and Ayrshire, by 
his only remaining sister, 

XV. Lady Mary Lindsay Craufurd, of Craa- 
furd, Lindsay, and Gamock. Her Ladyship re- 
mained unmarried, and enjoyed the property till 
her death, in 1833, when the estates feU to George, 
fourth Earl of Glasgow, in right of his descent 
from Margaret, the eldest nster of the first Vis- 
count Gamock. 

Arms — ^Tbe arms of the Viscount Gamock, as 
represented in the Craufiund gallery of Kilbimie 
Church, are as follow: Two coats impaled. Baron 
and Femme; the first bears quarteriy, first and 
fourth, azure, three cross patees, or, for Barcla j ; 
second and third, gules, a fess, cheque, argent 
and azure, for Lindsay; and by way of surtout, 
gules, a fess, ermine, the maternal coat of Crau- 
furd ; the second bears, or, a fess, cheque, aanire 
and argent, for Stewart, his Lordship having mar- 
ried Lady Margaret Stewart, only daughiiier of 
James, first Earl of Bute. The shield is timbered 
with helmet, coronet and mantling, befitting the 
quality of Viscount, and on a wreath of the prin- 
cipal tinctures of the coats, for crest, a stages head 
erased proper, collared, ermine, and between bis 
attires, or, a cross crosslet, fitche, of the last. On 
an escroU is the motto, ^^ Hinc . Honor . £t . Sa- 
lus." Supporters, on the dexter a man robed in 
green, striped with gold, and carrying on his right 
arm a shield charged with the fess, ermine, of the 
Craufurds, and on the sinister, a horse, sable, the 
whole standing on a compartment on which are 
the words, " Sine . Laba . Nota."* 

• Lest the accuracy of any part of the abore blazon 
should be called in question, we shall briefly notice what 
ajipears to be three errors committed in the ' getting op* of 
this handsome achievement. The first is the omission in 
the sinister coat of the double tressure flowered and coim- 
ter-flowered with fleur-de-lis, gules, assumed by the tint 
Earl of Bute in addition to the simple coat of Stewart. 
The second is in the tincturing of the supp<Nrter of this 
coat, viz., a horse, sable, whereas in the Bute achieTemoit, 
from which it is taken, and of which it is the dexter sup- 
porter, the horse is argent, bridled gules : and thirdly, the 
mantlings* which are or, doubled sable, appear to be fiinlty, 
inasmuch as they are not of the tinctures of the anus with- 
in the shield, as was the rule of old with us, nor are they 
agreeable to the English practice, which of late, says Kis- 
bet, "our heralds have followed, who have all the mant- 
liiigs of gentlemen and knights red without, and lined or 
doubled with white within, and those of dignified nobility 
also red, but doubled ermine " — (Account of the Chnreh 
and Churchyard of Kilbimie, by W. Dobie, Esq., Gnmg«- 
vale, Beith.) 




As already stated, this barony was anciently in 
tiie possession of a family of the name of Riddell, 
supposed to have been descended from the Rid- 
dels of TeTiotdale. The Cuninghames acquired 
tiie property by marriage. 

I. Reoikald, second son of Sir Edward Con- 
yngham of Kilmaurs, by his wife, Mary, daugh- 
ter of the High Steward of Scotland, living about 
1292, married Jonet Riddell, the heiress of Glen- 
gamock. * His son, 

II. Sir Gilbert Conyngham of Glengamock 
married Ann Lyle, daughter of Sir Allan Lyle, 
Sheriff of Bute, who turned to the English in- 
terest, and became keeper of the castle of Rothe- 
say. The vassals of the Stewarts there rose and 
put Sir Allan Lyle to death. Gilbert de Con- 
yngham del Comte de Aire, swore fealty to Ed- 
ward about 1296. 

in. Donald Conyngham of Glengamock, liv- 
ing about 1310, married Elizabeth, daughter of 
linn of that Ilk.t 

IV. John Conyngham of Glengamock (about 
1380) married Jeun, daughter of Sir Ronald 
Crawfurd of Loudoun. 

V. Robert ConjTigham of Glengamock (about 
1360) married Magdalene, daughter of Blair of 
that nk. 

VL John Conyngham of Glengamock (about 
1380) married Elizabeth, daughter of Conyng- 
ham of Kilmaurs. 

Vn. William Cuninghame of Glengamock, 
who, about the commencement of the fifteenth 
century, married Christian, daughter of Sir Hum- 
phry Colquhoun of Luss. His son, 

Vni. Sir Humphry Cuninghame of Glengar- 
nock, married Jean, daughter of Buchanan of 
that Ilk. About the year 1450, he had a daugh- 
ter, Agnes, married to Sir Andrew Moray of 

IX. Wilham Cuninghame of Glengamock, his 
son and successor, married, about 1470, Ann, 
daughter of Montgomerie of Ardrossan. 

X. Sir William Cuninghame of Glengamock, 
married, about 1480, Mary, daughter of Sir 
William Edmonston of Duntrcath. He was wit- 
ness to a charter granted by Alexander, Lord 
Montgomerie and Laird of Gifiyne, signed at Ar- 
drossan, 20th July, 1452. 

The Lords Auditors, 5th August, 1473, decreits 
that Thomas, Lord Erskine, Johne, Lord Der- 
ncle, and William of Conynggnm of Glengarno^ 
sail pay to Walter Stewart of Morfie and Patric 

« MiUar's MS. 

t Ibid. 

Steruiling, fyftie ky and oxin, twa horss, ane 
meir, ane chartour, twa ringis of gold, &c. 

In the actioun, 17th May, 1474, persewit be a 
venerable Fadir, George, Abbot of Inchechaff, 
and his Convent, against William of Conynggam 
of Glengamok, Thomas and Williamy his sonnes, 
anent the destructioun and doun castin of the 
mylne kde and dam of DunfidUe, perteining to 
the said Abbot, the Lords decreits that the Con- 
ynggams sail big up again the dam, &c. on their 
awn expenses. 

Another accioun, 12th October, 1494, be the 
said Abbot agane said William and Thomas, for 
the wHtngwui withhalding thair Place of Inchane- 
ray, &c. Sentens againes the said Conynggams.* 

Issue: — 

1. Patrick. 

2. Thomas. 
8. WUlUtm. 

XL Patrick Conyngham of Glengamock died 
before 1478. 

XII. Umphra Con}nigham of Glengamock at- 
tended a Parliament at Edinburgh (as one of the 
barons) 2d April, 1481. He married Marjorie 
Scott, daughter of the laird of Bal^^irie. 

In ane actioun, 12th October, 1478, before the 
Lords of Councill, be Umphra Conynggam of 
Glengemok, as air to umquhill Patric of Conyng- 
game, aganis Alexr. Conynggam of Lekkie and 
James Norie of Bochopil, for the wrangwis with- 
holdin of the gudes of airschip of said Patric, 
the Lords decreits that said Umira nocht to have 
airschip of said Patric becaus he had nane heri- 

The Lords of Councill, 14th October, 1478, 
assignis to William of Conynggam, the 11th Ja- 
nuar, to prufc that umquhill Patric of Conyng- 
gam, his brothir, said him 22 young schepe, &c. 

Umphra Conyngham of Glengamock, on 12th 
October, 1478, as aii* of Patric, pursues for air- 
schip of moveables; but is non-suited, because 
Patrick had no heritage. 

The Lords assigns, 14th October, 1478, to 
Alexr. Conynggam and James Norie, executouris 
to Patric of Con^'nggam, 11th Jan., to prufe that 
the twcntie four yowis and twentie thre lammis 
taken be William of Conynggam was the said 
umquhill Patrikis gudis, and b^Tiit with his Bim. 

The Lords, 20th October, 1478, ordains that 
Patric Erskine deliver agane to James and Alex- 
ander Conynggam, executouris to umqule. Patric 
Conynggam, the mails of the lands of Clothcrok,t 
and the comes that was prysit for said umqlc. 

* Acts of the Lords Aaditon, pages 29, 83, and SC. 
t Clockodrick, in the parish of Kilbarchan, about two 
miles liom JohnshiU, Lochwinnoch. 



Patrikis herezeld gife he hes takin the said com 
or maills. 

Compeirit before the Lords Auditors, 12th 
March, 1478, Umphra Conynggam of Glengar- 
nock, Patrick of Galbraith, and Donald Fischer, 
summond at the instans of David Barcla, parishe 
clerk of Kilbimie, and protestit, &c. 

Before the Lords Auditors, 26th Feb. 1483, it 
was appunctit and accordit betwixt Johne Liglis 
of Culquhalye, on the tae pairt, and Umfra Con- 
ynggam of Glengamok, on the tithir part, ancnt, 
&c. The Lordis decrcitis that Umfra sail pay to 
said Johne, nyne tidie kye, nyne thre yeir auld, 
and tuelf merkis for three chalders of aittis.* 

Umphra Conyngham of Glengamock had a 
crown charter, including the Baldalloch, Paley- 
aris, and Kifassettis properties in 1505. 

XTTT. William Conj-ngham of Glengamock, 
who married Isabella Cuninghame. It was pro- 
bably in this laird's time that a grant of the forest 
of Buchan, in the lordaliip of Gralloway, dated 
July 8, 1526, was obtained by the family. In 
1527, William Cuninghame of Glengamock was 
fined for intcrcommuuing with Hugh Campbell, 
the Sheriff •f Avr, then at the horn for the 
slaughter of the Earl of Cassillis. 

XIV. "William Cuninghame of Glengamock, 
who was slain at Pinkie, was probably the son of 
the foregoing. His mother, at all events, " Lady 
Isabella^ Cunyngham," was alive at the time. 
Before taking his departure for the army, he made 
his will, of which the following is a literal transla- 
tion: — "Death is certain — ^thc hour most uncer- 
tain. Hence it is that I, William Cuninghame of 
Glengamock, taking my way to rencounter our 
old enemies, and, in the event of sudden death, 
make and ordain my testament and last will. In 
the first place, I give and leave my soul to Al- 
mighty God, the most blessed Virgin J\lary, and 
all saints, and my bones to be buried where it 
shall please the Most High. And I leave iiij 
ponce to the fabrick of St Kentingem, and xx 
pound to be given to a chaplain duly ordained to 
pray for my soul in the parochial church of Kil- 
birny. Also, I leave to Sir Robert CunjTigham, 
chaplain, x merkis of money ; likewise I leave to 
the Friars Minor of Air and Glasgow, xx merkis. 
Also, I appoint and ordain that my tenants have 
tlic liberty of compounding their debts. Further, 
1 appoint my executors, viz., Elizabeth SjTiclair, 
my wife, and Lady Isabella CunjTigham, my mo- 
ther, only ; and I leave my four best horses to my 
four sons, in such a way that the eldest shall have 
the first choice of the same, viz., ay the eldest to 

* Acts of Tx>rd8 AaditOTS. 

t The name laabella, seems favourable to the belief that 
she was the spouse of William. 

cheifl first, and that the heirship horse shall stand 
to my heir for his chbice. I leave to Alexander 
Cunyngham, my younger son, the younger hoi'se 
called the ^seur staig,^ and to John Blair, my 
son-in-law, the younger horse, called the *• brown 
staig/ I grant and assign to Elizabeth Cuning- 
hame, my daughter, relict of the late Alexander 
Schaw of Sauchguy, that sum of 400 merkis, rest- 
ing upon the lands and buildings of Sir John Mak- 
ghe, vicar of Arbruthven, lying within the city of 
Glasgow ; as also, that sum of 200 merkis, owing 
by the said Sir John, I assign to the foresaid Eli- 
zabeth, towards relieving my executrices of the 
forementioned sum of 700 merkis due to the said 
Elizabeth. Moreover, all my goods, moveable 
and immoveable, my debts being taken out and 
paid, I give and leave to my three daughters, to 
be distributed and apportioned at the will of my 
executrices aforesaid, as they shall answer to the 
Supreme Judge.^^ This testament was made by 
the mouth of the departing, ^^ the xxix day of the 
month of August, in the year of our Lord 1547, 
my manuel subscription bearing testimony, at 
Glengamock." Follows the form of subscription, 
" William Cunyngham of Glengamock, with my 
hand." This testament was confirmed, &c., 4th 
November, 1547.* 

It was probably this William Cuninghame of 
Glengamock who was engaged in so many of the 
local feuds of his time. The Books of Adjournal f 
show, that in 1530, May 28, ** William Cuning- 
hame of Glengamock, David C. of Robertland, 
and thirty-seven of their followers, found caution 
to appciur at the Justice-aire of Air, to underly 
the law for art and part of the forethought, felony, 
and oppression done to Gabriel Sympill, lying in 
the highway, in feir of weir, near Ormysheuche, 
awaiting his anival, for his slauchter, of fore- 
thought, felony, and old feud." 

In 1503, November 20, he was engaged in the 
feud between his chief, the Earl of Glcncaim, and 
Ix)rd Sempill, and had to underly the law for as- 
sisting the Master of Glcncaim in attempting the 
slaughter of Lord Sempill. ." William Cunyng- 
hame of Glengamock, David C. of Robertland, 
and Robert C. of Auchinher\^ey, with sixteen 
others, found caution to underly the law at the 
same Justice-aire, for art and part of the fore- 
thought felony and oppression done to Robert 
Snodgerse, Mark Sympill, and Patrick Young, 
coming with convocation of the lieges to the num- 
ber of 100 persons, in warlike manner, on the (3d) 
day of Septembei* last, within the lands of the 
said Robert, and forcibly seizing and impiisouing 

Statistical Account. 
l*itcaim*s Criminal Trials. 



liiin, &c. The parties, both Cunynghaines and 
Scinpills, vfere bound over to keep the peace, un- 
der the pains of 5000, 2000, and 1000 marks each, 
according to their respective ranks/* 

William Cuninghame married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Lord Saint-Clair. Issue : — 

i. John, who succeeded. 

a. William, who died inteetate before his father. The 
inventory of his effects was confirmed before the Com- 
missary Conrt of Glasgow, on the 6th of January 1547. 
He is styled in that document " Will. Conynghame, 
filii quond. nobilis viri Willmi. Conynghamc de Glen- 
yamok.'* His executors dative were Isabella, Johanna, 
and Agnes Cuninghame, " sorrorea legittlme." 

S. Cuthbert. 

4. Alexander. 

1. Elizabeth, married to Alexander Schaw of Sauchie, 
who died before 1547. 

2. Isobel, married to William Porterfleld, younger of 
that Ilk, in 1506. 

8. Margaret, married to John Blair of that Ilk. 

4. Johanna. 

5. Agnes. 

XV. John Cuninghame of Glengamock suc- 
ceeded his father. Robertson supposes him to 
have been twice married, as he had a daughter, 
Jean, married in 1565 to John Shaw of Greenock, 
who could not have been the daughter of Mai*- 
garet, daughter of Malcolm, third Lord Fleming, 
whom he married in 1548. He had also a daugh- 
ter, Margaret, married to Malcolm Craufurd of 
Kilbimie. He had, according to Iklillar's MS., 
twelve sons : — 

1. William, who predeceased him. 
>. John, the first of CaddeU. &o. 

And five daughters, vii. Lady Blair, Lady Kilbir- 
nie, Lady Greenock, Lady Fullwood, and Lady 
Duchall. Like his predecessors, this Laird of Glen- 
gamock entered pretty deeply into the feuds of his 
time. In 1555, January 8, ' * John Cunnynghame of 
Glengamok, Cuthbert C. of Cochrane, and Alex. 
C, his brothers,* John C. of Croy, and thirty- 
two others, found caution to underly the law at 
the next Justice-aire of Air, for convocation of 
the lieges to the number of thirty persons, armed 
in warlike manner, and coming under silence 
of night. In July 1554, by way of hamesucken, 
to the house of Humphrey Galbrayth in Eister 
Glenne, breaking up the doors thereof, entering 
the same, and searching for him for his slauchter, 
committed on forethought felony." He lived to 
a great age. Li 1591, June 19, Sir Patrick Hous- 
ton of that Sk, &c., was ^^ dilatit of airt and pairt 
of the slauchteris of vmqle William Cuninghame, 
oy (grandson) of the auld Laird of Glengamok, 
and vmqle. Johnne Cwningham, his sone naturall, 
committed with convocationne, of the causing of 
the said Sir Patrick, the ferd day of Apryle last- 

• This shows that John Cuninghame of Glengamock was 
the son of William who died at Pinkie, Alexander, who 
was left the *seur staig,' having been the younger son. 
fiobertson was doubtftil on the point. 

was, vpoun sett piurpoise and provisionne.^^ The 
pursuers for this slaughter were, *^ Johnne Cwn- 
inghame of Glengamok," and '* William Cuning- 
hame, zounger of Glengamok." As already stat- 
ed, the " Auld Laird" survived the younger.* 
He died, however, before 1596. 

XVI. William, who died before his father, 
married Mary Sinclair, daughter of Lord Sinclair, 
and had issue: — 

1. Sir James, who succeeded his grandfather. 

2. William of Quarreltoun, who obtained fVom his father 
the lands of Quarreltoun, Paisley parish, in 1588. He 
married t and had issue. 

1. Robert of Quarreltoun, married ^fargaret Wood. 
He died iu 1632, and left, in their minority: 

1. Robert. 

2. William. 
8. John. 

4. Margaret. 
6. Isobel. t 

2. James, executor of his father's will, died in 1614. 
8. Margaret, married to Robert Blair of Lochwood, 

died in 1618. 
8. James, died May 18, 1644. 

4. Jean, married to hur cousin, John Schaw of Greenock , 

in 1565. 

5. Andro went to Ireland. Durie, in his Decisions, men- 
tions him as living in 1626. 

XVII. Sir James Cuninghame of Glengar- 
nock. "Jan. 29, 1595-6, James Cimynghame 
of Glengamok ordained to be dcnoimced, for 
not * compeiring personalie' before the King and 
Council, ' tuicheing the removing of the (Feid 
standing betuix him and Schir Patrik Houstoun 
of that nk, knt. and his freindis," &c. He suc- 
ceeded in 1599, and was ser\'ed heir to his father 
in 1601. In 1602, January 15, James Cwning- 
hame of Glengamok was "dilatit of art and 
part of the slauchter of vmqle. Williame Cun- 
inghame in Walzaird." In 1609, " Sir James 
Cuninghame of Glengamock** was one of the as- 
size on the trial of Sir James Makconcill of Knok- 
rynsay, knt. , &c. He appears to have been knight- 
ed about this time. His name occurs in several 
testamentary documents, a few years previously, 
as James Cuninghame simply. In the testament 
of " Hew Garven, notar, toune-clerk of L-wein," 
in 1610, however, it occurs thus : " Item, be Sir 
James Cunynghame of Glengamock the sowme of 
Thrie hundrith thretty-thrie pund vi s. viii d." 

He married, about the beginning of the seven- 
teenth century. Lady Catherine, daughter of 
James, seventh Earl of Glencaim, by whom he . 
had three sons and a daughter : — 

♦ WilUam the young laird died before 1592, as Robert- 
son quotes a sasine subscribed at Glengamock, 7th Sep- 
tember, 1592. by John of Glengamock, and James his 
grandson and heir apparent. 

t "The Klrkland Rosses, in Renfrew parish, made inter- 
marriages with the Sempills of Fulwood, Whytefliirds of 
that Ilk, and Cunynghams of Quarreltoun.**— Robertsok's 

t Wishaw. 



1. John, the representatire of the fiunily. 
3. William, of Balluchaw, in Ireland, whose danghtw, 
Pannel, married Sir James Colquhoim of Lnss, about 


The daughter married James Bodwell of Auchlnleek. 

Having got into pecuniary difficulties, Sir James 
*^ assigned, in 1609,* the lands of Glengamock in 
behoof of his creditors, and went to Ireland, where 
he had got a grant of 12,000 acres of land from 
King James VI. f 

XVIII. John Cuninghame, representative of 
the family of Glengamock. "With the view of 
recovering the wadset lands of Boquhan, he sold 
the lands of Crawfield, Beith parish, to Gabriel 
Porteriield of Hapland, and Jean Maxwell, his 
spouse. The deed of sale was dated at Castle- 
Cuninghame, Ireland, the penult day of January, 

Arjns — ^Argent, a shake-fork, sable, charged 
with a cinque foil of the first. 


David Cuxinghamb of Robcrtland bought 
the barony of Glengamock, and was infefl in it, 
15th October, 1628. His second son, Alexander, 
who married Elizabeth, daughter of John Cun- 
inghame of Cambuskeith, resided at Ladyland in 
1647. § He joined the Marquis of Montrose, and 
was rebuked for doing so in the kirk of Rilbimie. 
He appears to have garrisoned the old castle of 
Glengamock in the royal cause. The following 
notice occurs in reference to this: — '^ Deburssit 
be the Hieat, Bigert, and Ramshcid, to Alexander 
Cunyngham his garrison of Glengamock, £51, 
158. Od., July, 1651, the half, £25, 178. 6d." 

The Robcrtland family sold the barony of Glen- 
gamock in 1651 or 1652, to 

I. Richard Cuninghame, son of William Cun- 
inghame, clerk of the Signet, and depute-keeper 
of the Privy Seal, who died before 1646. Wil- 
liam was the second son of James Cuninghame of 
Aishinyairds, in Kilwinning parish — a branch of 
the Craigends family. Richard married, in 1654, 
Elizabeth, daughter of James Ileriot of Trabroun, 
and niece of the celebrated George Heriot, foun- 
der of Ileriot^s Hospital in Edinburgh. This lady 

• The name of Sir James Cuninghame of Glengamock 
occurs in several testamentary documents connected with 
the locality as late as 1616, at which period he appears to 
have still remained in Scotland. 

t Dane mentions, that heing engaged in a law plea in 
16-i6, Sir James Cuninghame of Glengamock borrowed 
1000 merks from Walter Forrester upon his lands of Bo- 

} Beith Papers. 

9 Notwithstanding, he was elected nUmg elder for the 
parish in 1649. 

had possibly some relations in the vicinity of Glen- 
gamock, for Maister John Heriot was ^^ minister 
of the word ^* at Kilbimie in 161 5. Muster John 
married Jean Barclay, and had a daughter, JeaD 
Heriot, married to Hugh Montgomerie, Irvine, in 
1615. Richard is said to have received £12,000 
Scots by his wife.* He died in or before 1671, 
and his wife in March 1672. They were both 
interred in Glengamock aisle in Kilbimie kirk. 
They had twelve children, of whom six as fol- 

1. Bichard, his successor. 

3. John went to Ireland. He occurs in 1676. 

8. William, bom at Glengamock. He receired iVom 
Alexander Cuninghame of Craigends, 17th August. 
1687, part of 1350 merks addebted to **Kobert, my 
brother, now in America, conforme to a letter fh>m 
said Robert, directed to Janet Cunyngluime, Lad/ 
Craigens, his fitther-sister." 

4. David Cuuy nghame, son of umquhile Richard of Glen- 
gamock, witness to the seisin of his brother Richard 
of Glengamock's creditors in 1671. 

6. Alexander, fifth son, bom at Glengamock in 1666. 
He was ordained minister of Dreghom in 1695, and 
died in 1712. He married Janet, daughter of Aikcn- 
head of Jaw, in Stirlingshire. Issue, among othera — 

1. William Cunyngham, who married his cousin, 
Ellzabetli, daughter of Robert Cuninghame of 
Cayen, in St Christopher's, in the West Indies. 
He had several children, but all without issue. 

2. Richard Cunyngham, minister at Symington, 
who died in 1 760. He married Ann, daughter of 
Mr Murray, merchant in Edinburgh, who died in 
1776. Issue, three children : — 

1. Elizabeth Cimingham,t married to GeorgQ 
Bannatyne, minister at Craigie, and there- 
after one of the ministers of Glasgow. He 
was son of Mr James Bannatyne, who was 
minister of the College Church of Edinbnx^h. 
Issue, five sons and a daughter, all of whom 
died without Issue except Richard Bannatyne, 
who married Jean, daughter of Robert Alli- 
son of Fowtoun. He died In 1815, leaving 
five sons. 
3. Alexander Cuningharo, minister at Syming- 
toun, succeeded his father. IMed in 1783, in 
his 46th year, unmarried. 
8. Robert Cuningham went to Blandford in 
Virginia. Died in 1796. He married Mar- 
tha Bidrd, an American lady. Issue, txfo 
daughters, who died unmarried; and two 
8o^^ viz. 1. Alexander Cuningham, mai-ried. 
3. Richard Cuningham, unmarried (when the 
Bannatyne Manuscript was written). Both 
are, or were, settled at Petersbutgh in Mr- 
6. Robert Cwnyngham, bora at Glengamock in 1669, 
son of Richard and Elizabeth Heriot He went to 
America, or to the West Indies, before 1687, when he 
wrote to Lady Craigends, his aunt, craWng Craigends 
for 1250 m^ks due to him. He gained a considera- 
ble fortune, and purchased an estate called Cayen. 
in St Christopher's. He married, first, in 1693, Judith 
Elisabeth de Bonnisson, daughter of Daniel de Bon- 
nisscn of Morlaix, in France, by his wife, Mary de 
Barat, sister of Charles de Barat, Seigneur de la Bodie, 

* He appears, however, to have been in pecuniary diffi- 
culties, for John Watt, in Edinbuiyh, had the half of 
Glengamock in wadset, 34th January, 1667. 

t She survived Mr G. Bannatyne, her husband, and died 
in 1803. 

: Bannatyne MS. used by Mr Robertson in his Aynbire 



LienlmisKi-^Seneral to the King of France, and Go- 
Tvnor of tile Citadel of Lyle in France.* He mar- 
ried, seoondlj. in his old age, Mary Gamier, his house- 
keeper. He had by hia French lady fifteen children, 
moat <tfwh(Mn died yoong. Among others: — 
1. Daniel, sixth son, who married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Anthony Hodges, Governor of Montserrat. 
He died in 1 77S, aged 73. He had four children : 
1. Elizabeth Philadelphia, married to Charles 

Pearce of London, 
f . Robert, died at Montserrat 
S. Henrietta, manled to John Knight of Sea- 
castle, Woroestenihire. 
4. Anthony, mairled Harriet Rook. 
4. Susanna, (by Mary Gamier) to whom he left his 
Soots estates of Baidland of Dairy, and Craig of 
Kilmaars. Tliis lady married M%Jor Hay of 
Nimraw, in East-Lotiiian,t 

n. Bichard Cunyngbame of Glengamock, bom 
at Glengamock in 1656. He was served beir to 
the property 5tb June, 1671. His father^s debts 
were greatly beyond wbat bad been calculated 
upon; and tbe young heir was so distressed by 
his creditors, that his education was neglected, t 
The estate of Glengamock was bought by Patrick 
Lindsay of Kilbimie, in 1672 and 1677. § Rich- 
ard Cmiynghame attained his majority in 1677. 
HaTing be^ dispossessed, and ^^ roupit" out of 
hifl inheritance, he nuurried the heiress of Bud- 
hmd, Elizabeth Cuninghame, about 1686. He 
was alive in 1710, || about which period he made 
op the following memorandum of his family: — 

1. Richazd, bom 8d Febroary, 1687. He was in the 

army in Flanders in 1710. 
9. Jolm, bom 1st October, 1690. An apprentice to a 

sugeonln 1710. 
S. Ami, bom 16th Jnne, 1693. 

4. Alexander, bom 18th July, 1694. 

5. Eaphame, bom in March, 1696. 

6. Robert, bom 3d January, 1699. 

7. Margaret* bom in May, 1701. Married to John 
Wilson, in Irrlne, in 1743. She married, secondly, 
John MDowall, ftctor to Castlesemple, in 1749. 

8. bom 13th July, 1703. 

f. wniiam, bom 3 1st Noyember, 170S. 
16. Kaij, bom 14tb March, 1705. 

• Hisbera Heraldiy. 

t Onig was sold, in 1780, to the brother of the present 
BAcrt MoRis <tf Craig; and Baidland-Cuninghame, about 
1769 er 1784. to the £aii of Glasgow. 

X This is noticed among the flunily papers in 1678. 

f The rental ci the whole barony of Glengamock, com- 
laehading 38 fiurms, was, in 1673, as follows.*— ** Sum 
total of money rent, £3480; of meale, 63 boUs; of malt, 
14 boils, bide 66 boUs; of fouls, | hens, ^ capons, 34 dozen 
aada-half of oaponis. By the mylne ane dozen ; with 35 
sites of Und, plowed, harrowed, wedd, shorae, inned, and 
itaekt, and tbe mains for myselfo, which I value at ." 

[From the aooonnt of the Chamberlain, John Cuning- 
hame of Wattiestonn, second son of Sir David Cuninghame 
of Bofbertland. In his papers occurs the following notices 
ia lefeRnoe to the property of Glengamock: — 

"The 37 Apiyle, 1673, for the ontriok of Blew Coats, 
^t, tos. Od. 

" 38 May, 167S, fbr three weeUs mayntonanoe of the 
■niia, ttw Ibwt paift is £90, Os. Od. 

"ForeoUeeting lyrs punds inde £90, 3s. Sd. allowit to 
Johae Qmyagti am e as the nudotert pairt, with iyre pnnd 
te Uis tcBnoBts of waist land, Inde £95, 3s, sd.] 

I OMflndl Renfrewshire. 


(Besides, says Richard, I have a son and foor daughters, 

III. A son who went to the West Indies, where 
he married and had three sons. They were liv- 
ing in 1777, according to the BannatjTie manu- 
script, which ended in that year. "It should 
seem that this Bichard did not retain this pro- 
perty; for we find it the possession of his brother 

** Note, — ^This account is collected chiefly from 
the Bannatyne MS., with the perusal of which I 
have been favoured by Mrs Bannatyne, widow of 
Bichard Bannatyne, son of the late minister of 


The earliest possessors of this barony, so far as 
seems known, were a branch of the Barclays of 
Kilbimie. The first of them, according to Craw- 
furd^s Peerage, was 

I. Archibald, second son of Sir Ilugh Barclay 
of Kilbimie, who had the dimidieatum terrarum 
de Ladyland bestowed upon him by his father. 
It is out of our power, however, to trace the de- 
scent of the family in a connected manner. Some 
generations passed over, the next we find on re- 
cord is, 

n. David Barclay of Ladyland, who was one 
of the jury, in 1564, on the trial of Patrick Houa- 
toun of that Ilk, for assaulting Archibald Hamil- 
ton of Cochno on the street of Dumbarton.f His 
wife was Margaret Craufurd, probably of the Kil- 
bimie fitmily. Issue : 

1. Hew Barclay, his heb, of whom afterwards. 

3. David. 

1. Elizabeth, married to Hugh Granftird of Kilbimie. 

This was the *^ Laird of Ladyland ^^ who, in IMay 
1568, was with Queen Mary^s party at Hamilton, 
and who, no doubt, fought at tiie subsequent bat- 
tle of Langside. 

m. Hew Barclay of Ladyland was a poet, and 
the friend and companion of Montgomcrie, the 
author of " The Cherry and the Slae." Two of 
his sonnets, the one addressed to Captain Mont- 
gomerie, and the other to Ezekiel Montgomerie 
of Hesilhoad,t are preserved in Laing^s edition of 
the poems of Montgomerie. These were written 
in the author^s happier days, about 1580, and dis- 
play no small talent. The first of the sonnets is 
full of quaint humour. He represents himself as 
in the country, ^^ botching on a sped,^* '•^ draiglit 

« Robertson's Ayrshire Families, toL i p. 818— SI 8. 

t Criminal Trials. 

t Ezekiel, younger son of the laird of Hesilheid, was 
styled of Weltland, Kilbarehan parish. He was chamber- 
lain to his Mnsman, Lord BempUl. 




in dirt, vhylis wat evin to the skin ; " and regret- 
ting his absence from his correspondent, who, with 
his friends, was " birling at the wyne," and " pu- 
ing Bacchus^ luggis/^ 

The poet, unfortunately, got himself embroiled 
in the ciyil commotions of the times ; and with 
characteristic enthusiasm took part with the losing 
side. In 1592, he was seized and imprisoned in 
the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, for being concerned 
in the Popish plot. He was, however, set at 
liberty, by the Idng's directions, in 1593, on find- 
ing four sureties for his re-entering in ward in 
Glasgow at his majesty^s pleasure. In this some- 
what critical position, and sensible of the danger 
of his political predilections, he disponed, in 1593, 
all his lands of Ladyland to his brother David, 
under a liferent to Margaret Oraufurd, his mother, 
and that of Isobel Stewart, his spouse. Soon after 
this he fled to Spain; fix)m whence he returned 
in 1597, and contrived to get possession of the 
Craig of Ailsa, with the view of holdmg it in 
aid of the designs of the party with which he was 
connected. His enemies, however, were too ac- 
tive for him. He was discovered while laying in 
a store of provisions, and being pursued, he either 
fell by acddent, or threw himsdf intentionally into 
the sea, and was drowned. 

He left no issue. His lady long survived him. 
" Isobel Stewart, Lady Ladyland," occurs in the 
testament of John Barclay, Eilbimie, July 1618.* 

IV. Sir David Barclay of Ladyland succeeded 
his brother in 1599, and died in 1606, leaving 

1. David, who tnoceeded. 

2. William, burgess of Inrine. He married Margaret 
Cunynghame. They were infeft in a certain tenement 
in that bm^h in 1619. 

S. Hogb, witness to a sasine in 1616. His name occurs 
in a similar doonment in 1619. 

V. David Barclay of Ladyland was served heir 
to his father, 27th March 1606. His name occurs 
in various documents, testamentary and other- 
wise, from the year 1616 till 1621, inclusive. In 
1 621, he is mentioned in the testament of ^* David 
Stewart of Fairlie Crevoche, within the parochin 
of Stewarton ; ^^ fi^m which it may be inferred that 
his aunt, Isobel Stewart, Lady Ladyland, was of 
that family. He seems to have been in easy cir- 
cumstances; for, in 1617, he gave some money in 
loan to Lord Sempill, over the lands of Lochhead. 
He is supposed to have married a daughter of 
Alexander Cuninghame of Corsehill,t and left 

VI. David Barclay of Ladyland was retoured 
heir to his father, '^ Sir David Barday, knight, of 

• Olas. Com. Bee 

t Kennedie &t Kiriunichael's Peerage and Baronage, 


Ladylandand Auchinniff," united in one dominum, 
in 1629. He was very unfortunate. His father 
had happened to become cautioner for a debt in 
1621, which debt had never been liquidated. In 
1631 , he was pursued for this debt, as heir of his 
father, by the Laird of Cloberhill, parish of Stew- 
artoun. The Lords of Session ordained Ladyland 
to pay the claim, with expenses. This seems to 
have ruined him ; for, in the same year, John Blair 
of Cloberhill was infeft in the lands of Ladyland, 
which, from that time, ceased to be held by the 

Sir David Cuninghame became Laird of Lady- 
land about 1654. The property was then valued 
about £546, 17s. 8d. 


Ladyland was acquired by, 

I. Captain William Hamiltok of AModi^ 
parish of Kilwinning, between 1662 and 1667. He 
was the first of the Hamiltons styled of Ladyland. 
He was one of the witnesses to an infeftment of 
Montgomerie of Bogstoun in 1682, in which do- 
cument he is styled '^ WiUiame Hamiltone de 
Ladyland.^' He was a keen Presbyterian, stand- 
ing boldly up against Prelacy. He refosed the 
test, notwithstanding his commission as a captain 
in the service of the king, and was disarmed, by 
order of the secretary at war, in 1684. He i^- 
pears, however, to have been restored to his rank 
soon afterwards, as he fell in battle, fighting 
against the French, before 1690. The name of 
Captain William Hamilton of Ladyland is to be 
found among the Conmiissioners of Supply for the 
county in 1667, and in 1686. 

Captain Hamilton married, in 1662, Janei, 
daughter of John Brisbane of that Ilk,t and had 

1. John, who succeeded. 

2. Lieutenant William Hamilton, styled "of Gilberi- 
fldd," though he was only tenant, not laird of that pro- 
perty. He served in *' my Lord HyndftNrd'b re^jiment.'* 
Oilbertfleld is situated within the parish of Gambin- 
lang, Lanarkshire. He was the anthor of eeveral 
poetical pieces, one of which* *' The Last Dying Words 
of Bonny Heck, a fiunous Greyhound in tiie Shire of 
Fife," appeared in Watson's ** Collection of Comie and 
Serious Soots Poems, both Ancient and Ifodem,* 
printed at Edinburgh in 1 709. He is, heweTer, better 
known as the friend and correspondent of Allan Bam- 

• Captain William was the fifth in descent flrom Andro 
Hamilton of Airdoch. See Parish of Kilwinning. 

t The stone, with the initials W. H.— I. B. 1669, wUch 
ibnnerly belonged to the old tower of Ladyland, had evi- 
dently been placed there by the Captain and .his lady ■• a 
memento of their accession to the prc^WEty. It had pro- 
bably been pot up on the occasion <tf some repain In 1649, 
but they were in possession of Ladyland two years pre- 



My» mrmtl ofhit flunfllar epIfltlM havlncr 1>0^ print- 
ed wiaogiriOk the poetical works of Bamray. He also 
rendered into English Blind Hanie*s Lift of Sir Wil- 
liam Wallaoe^ which was published hi 17S9. Boms 
saya; ** The two flnt hooka I erer read in priTate, and 
which gare me mora pleasure than any two I have 
read siiioe, were the life of Hannibal and the Btetory 
oTtfae AolB and Deeds of Sir William Wallaee. .... 
Hie story of Wallace poured a Soots pr^ndice into my 
Tehis, which will boil along there, till the flood-gates 
d lift shut in eternal rest." Gflbertfleld spent the 
•TeBfaig oC his days at Letterick, where he lUed at a 
great age. f 4th SCaj 1751. It appears ttma the fol- 
lowing entiy in the parish records of Kilbimie that he 
wasmanrled; « B^)iised, at Kilbiniie,lAth June 1698, 
\muLt lawftall daughter of William Hamilton, brother^ 

getman to the Laird of Ladyland, and Hamilton, 

his spouse.** Gilbertileld had probably been on a Tisit 
to Ladyland with his ftmily at the time. 

n. John Hamilton of Ladyland and Airdoch. 
He had a retonr, 8d September, 1690, aa heir to 
Captain Hamilton of Ladyland, his faiher, in the 
^ merk land of Ardoch, &c., ^^ with the house 
called the Woodsyde, within the paroch of EjI- 
wimiing.^' He married Margaret, daughter of 
Sir John Schaw of Greenock, before tiie year 

Bobert CaldweU, merchant, at the EJrk of 
Lochmiiochy in 1708, *' sauld ane dyced belt to 
Ihe Laird of Ladyland, at 68. lOd.; and to the 
diaplain, ane cased inUiom, at lis. Scots.'' f 

Ladyland was sold by Hamilton, about 1710, 
to Enngn Henry Moncrieff, Collector of Cess for 
Benfrewshire, who must have sold it soon after- 
irirds to the Earl of EgUntoun ; for his lordship 
granted a disposition and assignation of the lands 
of the Mains of Ladyland, comprehending Byres, 
Cockstoun, the Ford, Dykebank, Ladyward, 
Mifaisyde, &c., with the Manor Place of Lady- 
land, to William Cochran of Edge; and gave a 
precept of Clare Constat of the same, dated 18th 
January, 1718. 

After parting with the estate, Ladyland went 
to the north of Lreland, many of his kinsmen, 
especially' the relations of his lady, having set- 
tled there in former times. 

By his lady Hamilton had a numerous fiunily. 
Hie ofipring of these, in the female line, still re- 
mam in Ireland, and are in flourishing and afflu- 
ent circumstances. Part of the following births 
are extracted from the Kilbimie Record, which 
began in 1688, subsequently to the birth of the 
ibst of the family: — 

1. wmiam Hamilton, of whom afterwards. 

9. Elizabeth Hamilton, dochter of the Laird of Lady- 
land and Xaiyaret Soliaw, hie lady, chiietened 81 
Jan. 1690. 

S. Garin Hamilton, ion to the Laird of Ladyland and 
Margaret Sehaw, his spociie, 27 October, 1691. Died 

4. Xargaret Hamilton, married,, in Ireland, to the Bey. 

* KOMmia Heoord. 

t Ca]direU*8 Coant Book. 

Fatilck Bmoe, miniiter of Killelwih, Coonty-Down* 
in 1718. 

This Mr Bmoe was descended finom the Braces of 
Airth, Btirlingahire. Their son, James Bmoe, mar- 
ried a daoghter of the Hon. and Bev. Henry-Hervey 
Aston, D.D., fborth son of John, Earl of Bristol in 
1769. Thehr son. Brace of Downhill, Ooonty-Lon- 
dandeny, was created a Baronet. 29th Jane, 1804. 

ft. BaUna Hamilton, daughter of the Laird of Lady* 
land, chxistened 20 October, 1702. 

6. Charles Hamilton, son of the Latod of Ladyland and 
Margaret Schaw, christened 20 Norember, 1704. He 
succeeded to the estate of Craiglaw, after his brother's 
death, in 1747. 

Hamilton bought a large estate in Ireland, which 
he named Ladyland, after his Scots lands. It is 
still called Ladyland. 

III. William Hamilton of Ladyland in Ire- 
land. He sold the Irish property and returned to 
Scotland, having purchased the estate of Craigh- 
law, in Wigtonshire, of which lands he had a 
charter 26th July, 1744. 

He Diarried his cousin, Isobell M^Dowall, 
daughter of the Laird of Logan. No issue. He 
died before 1747. He was succeeded by his 

rV. Charles Hamilton of Craighlaw, who waa 
Collector of the Customs of Irvine. He was 
Provost of that burgh for twelve years, two in 
and two out of office alternately, from 1758 to 
1782. He was bom at Ladyland, in Scotland, 
in 1704, but was partly educated in Ireland, 
where he continued about thirty years. He nuir- 
ried Sarah M^Dowall, another of the ladies of 
Logan, by whom he had issue : — 

1. John, who died onmarried after 1760. 

2. Ann, married to Kaior John Peebles in Lrrine. They 
had an only daughter, Sarah FeeUes, who was mar- 
ried to Cd. John Cuninghame of CaddelL 

8. IsobeL 

4. William, of whom afterwards. 

0. Cathaxlne. 

6. Charles. 

Provost Hamilton made a provisional deed to 
his younger children in 1760. His eldest son was 
John. His landed estates were Craighlaw, in 
Wigtonshire; and Garvoch, in Renfrewshire. 
He appointed tutors for his children, vie. An- 
drew M^DowaU of Banktoun, Senator of the 
College of Justice, their grand-uncle; John 
M^Dowall of Logan; Mr Patrick M^Dowall, 
merchant, his brother; Mr Andrew Adam, minis- 
ter of Whithorn, their uncles ; Mr Bobert Hun- 
ter, minister of Kirkowan, and James and Mi- 
chael Bruce, their cousins. He died, in 1783, 
at Irvine. 

y. William Hamilton of Craighlaw, M.D., in 
Kilmarnock. He resided at Kilmarnock House, 
and was one of the early patrons of the Poet 
Bums, having become security, along with others, 
to John Wilson for the printing of the first edi- 
tion of his Poems. He married the only child of 



Edward Caintf of Gxntounwood, in tJie Stew- 
artry of Kirkcudbright. He died in 1798. Mn 
Hamilton lived at her house of ParkhUl, in the 
parish of Dairy. She died there, 9th March, 
1844, aged 85. They had issue, two sons and 
ten daughters, all of whom died unmarried, ex- 
cept the following : — 

1. WUliam Charies of Cr«ighlaw» of whom aflarwurds. 

7. Catharine, married to Mi^or William Goohran of 
Ladyland, 6th Sept. 1816. 

3. Harriet, married to the Rev. Thomas Thomson, mi- 
nister of Dairy. 

i. Isabella, a posthnmons danghter. She is of PariL- 

VI. William Charles Hamilton of CraighhkW. 
He is or was an officer in the Tenth Hussars. 
He married Ann, eldest daughter of the Bey. 
Dr Stewart, minister of Eirkowan, and has issue : 

1. Christiana Grace Agnes. 
3. Annelia. 

8. William Charies Stewart. 

Arm» — Gules, a mullet betwixt three cinque 
foils, an within a border waved, argept. 
Motto — Honestus pro patria. 


I. William Cochran of Edge, who purchased 
the property of Ladyland from the Earl of £g- 
linton before the 8th January, 1718, was the son 
of Cochran of Ferguslee, and grand-nephew of 
the Earl of Dundonald.* He married Margaret 

* Kpbertson. The statement, howeverp is somewhat 
doabtful. According to other information, William Coch- 
ran of Edge, parish of LochTrinnoch, was the grandson 
of Bobert Cochran of Muirscfaeill. 

Orr, of Easter Gavin and other lands, by whoui. 
he had a son and five daughters. He died on the 
2l8t December, 1765, and was succeeded by his 

n. William Cochran of Ladyland, who,, in 
1756, married Janet, daughter of Bobert Glas- 
gow of Fudevenholme, part of the estate of Gkn- 
gamock, by Jean, daughter of John Cuninghame 
of Wattieston, (representatiYe of Bobeiiland,) 
by whom he had six sons and four daughters. 
He died on the ISth of February, 1803, and was 
succeeded by his eldest son, 

HL William Cochran of Ladyland, who mar- 
ried, on the 5th September, 1815, Catherine Ha- 
milton, great-grand- daughter of John Hamilton, 
the last of Ladyland, and had two daughters, 
Agnes and Janet Glasgow, He died 1st July, 
1832, leaving his eldest daughter the lands and 
mansion-house of Ladyland, and his second daugh- 
ter the estate of Beltrees, in the pariah of Lodi- 
winnoch and county of Benfrew. 

rV. Agnes Cochran of Ladyland, married, in 
April, 1841, William Charles Hichard Patrick of 
Waterside, advocate, second son of the late Dr 
Robert Patrick of Treame and Hessilhead, (vide 
Patrick of Treame) who, in terms of the entail, 
took the name and quartered the arms of Coch- 
ran of Ladyland. Issue : — 

1. Sobert William. 

2. Catherine Hamilton. 
8. Harriet 

The arms of Cochran of Ferguslee were the 
same with those of Dundonald, with a suitable 
brotherly difference, viz. argent, a chevcron, gules, 
betwixt three boars* heads erased, azure. 



Tbib parish is called We$t Kilbride, to distingaiBli 
it from Kilbride parish, in Lanariuhire, which is 
caSled East Kilbride. The name is derived from 
St Brigid, or Bride^ to whom the chorch was no 
doubt dedicated. A &ir, called Bride$''day^ has 
been held immemorially at the Ejrkton or village. 
Anciently it was observed on the 1st of Febraary, 
bat bitterly on the second Tuesday of that month. 
The parish is bounded on the north by the parish 
of Largs; on the east and south-east by those of 
jyaHry and Ardrossan, and on the west by the sea, 
or the Firth of Clyde. The figure is triangular, 
extending in length about 6 miles, while its me- 
dium breadth is not above 2^ miles, and contains 
in all about 8650 Scots acres. 

The topographical appearance of the parish is 
irregular. Its inland boundary is marked by a 
chain of hills, a continuation of those of the west- 
em part of Renfrewshire and Largs, which here 
gradually decline until they altogether terminate 
at the southern limit of the parish. Besides these, 
there are several other eminences, such as Law, 
Ardmill, Tarbert, and Kame hill, the latter of 
which rises nearly 1000 feet above the level of the 
sea. From numerous points of the parish a splen- 
did view may thus at all times be commanded of 
the firth of Clyde, which here begins to expand 
itself as it opens towards the sea below the Cum- 
bray Islands. There are, of course, many pic- 
turesque openings along the coast, particularly 
that of Fortincross promontory-, which overhangs 
the sea. The prcnnontoiy is terminated by Ard- 
neil Bank, or " Groldbcrrie Head,'' which Pont 
desoibes as ^* grate heigh rocks, making a head- 
land, and running in the maine occeane.*' " This 
majestic wall of rock,'* says the New Statistical 
Account,* '^ rising, where highest, to perhaps 

* Drawn op by Jolm Pullarton* Esq. of Overton. 

1 littie less than 800 feet perpendicularly, ranges in 
a straight line along the water's edge, from which 
it is merely separated by a narrow slip of green 
land, and extends to about a mile in length. 
Along the bottom, the precipice is richly fringed 
with natural coppice, in which the oak, ash, hazel, 
and hawthorn, are tiiickly interwoven; upwards, 
the glossy ivy is widely spread, whilst gray lichens, 
intermixed with large patches of a bright golden- 
colour succeed, lining the bold fr^nt to its utmost 
verge. 'Viewed from the plain below, the effect 
is highly impressive and sublime; whilst to ap- 
proach itff terrific summit, the virid description 
by Shakspeare of the cliff of Dover is frilly rea- 
lised. The general mass of these stupendous 
rocks consists of dark red sandstone, lying hori- 
zontally; but for a considerable space where 
highest, the sandstone, about midway up, is sur- 
mounted by a beautiful brown porphyry. This 
portion, dividing itself into three distinct and 
deeply separated cliffi of equal height and uni- 
form appearance, has immemorially obtained the 
poetical cognomen of the Three Sktersj otherwise 
three Jeans, perhaps Nuns? And truly it were 
not difficult, in their stately and solemn austerity, 
to concdve a fancifrd resemblance to the veiled 
sisterhood. According to tradition, diamonds 
were contained in this part of the precipice." 
With the exception of Ardneil Bank, ^* the shore 
is low and shelving, consisting of alternate sandy 
bays and reefs of sandstone." The sands of 
Southanan, lying in a deep and sheltered curva- 
ture, *^ extend fidly two miles in length." They 
are ^^ firequented by immense fiocks of wildfowl, 
chiefly of the duck tribe, and contain, likewise, 
large beds of cockles and mussels, besides other 
varieties of shell-fish, as the dam," &c. About 
one-half of the paridi consists of pasture, the hills 
being clothed with beautifril green verdure, inter- 
spersed with heath. The cultivated lands stretch, 
in greater or lesser breadth, out along the coast, 



or are intenperaed among the hills, giving a va- 
ried and lively aspect to the appearance of the 
locality. There is a oonndcrable portion of wood 
lands, most of which is planted, as on the estate 
of Hnnterstoun, where the plantadona are in a very 
thriving condition. On the estates of Southanan 
and Corsbie, the wood is natural. There are no 
lakes nor rivers in the parish, although it is well 
watered by springs and streamlets, the four most 
considerable of which are Gourock, *Millbum, 
Southanan, and Fairly bums. Sonthanan rivulet 
is *^ distinguished by its picturesque cascade and 
beautiful sylvan banks.'* 


From the existence of numerous hill fortlets 
fiicing the sea, called ^* casUehillB,'' it has been 
inferred that the inhabitants of Kilbride, in com- 
mon with other portions of the coast of ScotUnd, 
were frequently called upon to resist the bold in- 
roads of the Danish invaders ; and tradition avers 
that this was particularly the case upon the well- 
known descent of Haco in 1268. It is said, that 
at the Hill of Groldberry, a detachment of the 
Norwegians was attacked and defeated by a de- 
tachment of Scotsmen under Sir Robert Boyd, 
ancestor of the noble £umly of E]lmamo<&, for 
which services he received a grant of land in Cun- 
inghame. The Kilmarnock family continued, from 
their large possessions in Kilbride, bestowed upon 
them by Robert the Bruce for their aid in the 
national cause, to have great influence in the pa- 
rish ; and from the well-known leaning of that 
fiunily to what was called the national party, in 
contradistinction to the reforming or English in- 
terest, the inhabitants were led to take part in 
not a few of those conflicts to which the dvil dis- 
turbances of the sixteenth and seventeenth cen- 
turies gave rise. The Lairds of Hunterstoun and 
Monfode fell at Pinkie in 1547, and Robert Boyd 
of Fordncross, with his son Archibald, and many 
others, supported their chief in the cause of Queen 
Mary at tiie disastrous battle of Langside. The 
parish of Kilbride, consequently, makes no great 
figure during the persecutions — the moderate 
views of the leaders of the district preventing 
those zealous outbursts by which other portions 
of the west of Scotland .were distinguished. The 
only other incident worthy of notice, peculiar to 
the parish of Kilbride, in connection with the 
general history of the country, is the sinking of 
one of the large ships of the Spanish Armada, in 
1588, near the Castle of Portincross. This un- 
fortunate vessel, after the dispersion of the fleet, 
had found her way into the Clyde, and perished 

in '* about ten &thom water, at no great distance 
from the shore,^' on a dear sandy bottom. Tbe 
sinking of the ship was superstitiously ascribed to 
the incantations of Geils Buchanan, a noted witdi 
in the vidnity, who, it is said, sat on the promon- 
tory of Pordncroas, twirling her spindle, and aa 
the thread lengthened, the voyagers went down. 
Tradition affirms, what seems highly probable, 
that part of the crew were saved. In 1740, an 
attempt was made to recover property fit>m the 
vessel by means of a diving-bell.* A number of 
brass and iron cannon were obtained from the 
wreck, all of which were carried ofi^, save one, 
irtich still lies on the beach beside the old castle. 
Subsequent to the union, the same spirit of oppo- 
sition to Whig dominion led them extensivdy into 
the practice of smuggling, which assumed a most 
formidable character over the greater part of Soot- 
land. The session records of Kilbride bear ample 
evidence of this — as, for example: 

" May 25, 1720. — ^This day the session was in- 
formed that some person was seeji latdy carrying 
off brandy upon Sabbath morning, &c. 

'' Oct. 22, 1721.— This day compeared William 
King, and was examined about baking bread in 
his house upon the Lord^s-day. He did not deny 
but that it might be done, but ndther he nor his 
wife knew anything of it. He told that there waa 
a great confiision about his house that day, with 
soldiers and custom-house officers, who came up 
to take brandy on that day, &c. 

*^ Jan. 17, 1722. — ^This day the session was in- 
formed of Robert M^Caltyre, in Broomcraig of 
Hunterstoun, his having abused with reproadifnl 
names Jean Kell, and particularly for calling her 
a damned hypocrite in a public company, and on 

• De FoCg Tour, vol. iv. 1779. 

More than one veoel of the fonnidable Aimada periah^ 
edontbewertoowtof BooUand. Dr Smollet, In hit novel 
of 'Humphrey Clinker/ (Lond. 12mo, 1771.) says, *'HqI1 
ailbrds several bays where there is safe anchonme; In one 
of whidi, the Florida, a ship of the Spanish Aimada, tma 
blown up by one of Mr Smolletf s ancestors. About 40 
years ago, Jc^n Duke of Argyle is said to hare oonsolted 
the Spanish registers, by which it appeared that this ship 
had the military oheet on board. He employed experienoed 
divers to examine the wreck, and they found the hull of 
the vessel still entire, but so covered with sand, that tiiey 
could not make their way between decks; however thej 
picked up several pieces of plate tiiat were scattered aboot 
in the bay, and a couple of fine brass cannon." 

The following is extracted fhmi Martin's Deeoiption 
of the Western Ides, p. 253, published in 1716:— ** One of 
the ships of the Spaniah Armada, called the Florida, per> 
iflhed in this bay, (Tobermory, Isle of Mull,) having been 
blown up by one Smallet of Dunbarton, in the year 1588. 
There was a great sum of gold and money on board the 
ship, which disposed the Earl of Argyle and some English* 
men to attempt the recovery of it; but how fkr the latter 
succeeded in this enterprise is not generally well known, 
only, that some pieces of gdd and money, and a gcdden 
chain, was taken out of her. I have seen some fine brmm 
cannon, some pieces of eight, t^eth, beads, and pins, that 
had been taken out of that ship.** 



a Sabbath morning) in his own bam, where Archi- 
bald M^Kellip was brought in dead, having killed 
himself with drinking of brandy the night before. 

" Jan. 31, 1722.— RobertM'Caltyre being call- 
ed, compeared; and being asked, how he came to 
fidl on his neighbour with such fonl language and 
reproachful names, and particularly for calling her 
a damned hypocrite? he answered, he said no- 
thing but whfl^ she deserved, and was provoked 
too, because she charged him with Archibald 
M'Eellip's death. The said Jean told, that as 
she was coming to the church on the Sabbath 
morning, she saw a gathering of people about the 
said Bobert's bam; she drew near to see what it 
was, and understanding the occasion of the ga- 
thering, all she said was, ^^ Fy upon yOu, Robert, 
and your brandy 1 '* He was rebuked. 

" Aug. 29, 1724. — ^The session being informed, 
that it is become a practice for young women to 
carry loads of brandy, some twelve, some sixteen 
mOes out of the parish, &c 

*^ Sept. 1, 1725. — ^Tfais day there was a report 
of the Sabbath's being lately pro&ned by persons 
concerned in the brandy trade. Ordered, that 
inquiry be made into it by the elders against their 
next meeting. 

*^ Oct. 3, 1725.— This day reported, that the rise 
of the last session day's information concerning 
the profhnation of the Sabbath, was, that some 
herds fidling on some casks of brandy that was hid- 
den in the moss, and abusing themselves with it. 

*^Jsn. 21, 1757.--It was reported that Mr 
Kennedy, schoolmaster, deals in the running bu- 
siness," &C. 

The village of Kilbride, or the Kirktoun, origi- 
nated, as in most other instances, with the plan- 
tation of the church in the locality. At what 
time this occurred is unknown. It was probably, 
however, subsequent to the foundation of the mo- 
nastery of Kilwinning, in 1140, of which it was a 
dependimGy. The monks of Kilwinning *^ enjoyed 
the rectorial tithes, and other revenues; and a 
vicarage was established for serving the cure. In 
Bagimont'sBoll, as it stood in the reign of James 
v., the vicarage of Elilbride, in the deanery of 
Coninghame, was taxed at £2, 13s. 4d., being a 
tenth of the estimated valne. At the Beformation, 
the vicarage of Kilbride produced, on an average, 
£40 yearly. At the same epochs the rectorial 
tithes of Ihe church of Kilbride produced yeariy 
to the monks of Kilwinning 79 boUs 2 firlots of 
meal, 53 bolls of bear, and £8 in money, for a 
part of the tithes, which were leased for that sum. 
In 1503, the patronage, the tithes, and lands of 
the church of Kilbride, were granted to Hugh, 
Sari of Eglintoun, with many other churches that 
belonged to the monastery of Kilwinning. The 

patronage and the tithes contmued in this family, 
and the Earl of Eglintoun is now patron of the 
church of Kilbride and titular of the tithes."* 

There were several chapels in the parish of Kil- 
bride before the Reformation. One of these stood 
on the sea-coast, about a mile and a quarter south 
from the church of Kilbride, which, from it, was 
named Chapel-toun, At Southanan, a seat of 
the Sempill fiumly, in the northern part of the 
parish, John, Lord Sempill, in the reign of James 
IV., built a chapel, which was dedicated to Saint 
Annan, or Saint Lman ; and Lord Sempill grant- 
ed, £br the support of a chaplain in it, an annual 
rent of 10 marks from the lands of Meikle and 
little Kilruskan, with two sowmes of pasture grass 
in the Mains of Southanan, and an acre of land, 
on the north side of the cemetery, belonging to 
the said chapel, for the chaplain's manse. This 
grant was confirmed by the king in June 1509. 
The ruins of the chapel are stiU extant, in the 
front of the fine manmon of Southanan, which is 
also in ruins, and stood on the sea-coast, neariy 
three miles north fi*om the church of Kilbride. In 
the island of Little Cumbray, which is in the shire 
of Bute, but belongs to the parish of Kilbride, 
there was, in former times, a ch^el dedicated to 
Saint Beyd^ a Scottish virgin and saint, who is 
said to have died in 896 A. d., and was comme- 
morated on the first of November. The ruins of 
this chapel are still to be seen." f 

The parish church underwent considerable en- 
largement in 1732, and has been repeatedly improv - 
ed since. It is, however, a very incommodious and 
mean-looking edifice. It is at the sametime plea- 
santly situated on a rising ground in the centre of 
the village, and with its burying-ground endrded 
with spreading ash and plane trees, has rather a 
pleasant and picturesque appearance. The vil- 
lage contains upwards of a Ihousand inhabitants. 

The earliest of the parochial records, the re- 
gister of births, commences November 6, 1691 ; 
the register of baptisms is conlinued from 1693 ; 
and the minutes of tdik-sesEoon commence Feb- 
ruary 15, 1716. These latter exhibit the usual 
zeal of the kirk-session in enforcing the observ- 
ance of the Sabbath, and in hunting out and 
punislung the backslidings of the people. The 
details, as in most other instances, are often gross 
and indelicate, yet not a few of the minutes are 
worthy of quotation, as niustrative of the times : 

''Aprile 19, I716.^-It being represented to 
the session that one Colin Black, quho has for 
some time resided m this parooh, had, sometime 
after harvest last, driven cattle belonging to Mr 
Crawfi>rd, on Sabbath-day, firom CaldwaU Law 

* Caledonia. 

t lUd. 



to Conbie Parte; and that the said Colin bemg 
to leave the place, desired a testificato from the 
session, he having brought one with him to the 
paroch, and produced it to the elder of the quar- 
ter, the session appointed their officer to cite 
him the next session: and vrithal recommended 
it to the minister to advise with the presbytery 
anent the censure due for such a trangression, in 
regard the session, on some considerations, was 
not unanimous thairanent. 

** May 13, 1716. — ^Black was rebuked in ses- 
sion, and obtained his testificate. 

^^ Same day. — ^It being represented to the ses- 
sion that the Sabbath was much profaned in se- 
veral places of the paroch, especially Ameil, by 
dkildren' meeting and playing together, and by 
persons come to age flocking together and feed- 
ing their cattle, the session unanimously agreed 
that the several elders, upon the Sabbath, after 
last sermon, should go through their respective 
quarters and take notice of persons guilty of such 
abuses, in order to their being informed against; 
and that intimation of this act be made to the 
congregation Sabbath next, by the minister from 
the pulpit. 

*' May 1, 1717. — The said day, the gentlemen, 
heritors redding in the paroch, viz. Hunterstoun, 
Garlung, and Kirkland, waited on the session, 
and chose Mr Alexander Glas to be Ticir school- 

" May 22, 1717.— -The said day the session un- 
animously chose Mr Glas foresaid to be their ses- 
sion-clerk, and ordered the registers to be com- 
mitted to his care. Item, they appointed William 
King, Wright, to repiur the school; to put up a 
bed, a clay brace, and a partition. 

^^ This day, the session was informed by one of 
the elders, of a bark coming to the little Lde on 
Sabbath se^enight, wherein there were two be- 
longing to the paroch, viz. James Or and Heugh 
Thomson; and that they, with the rest of the 
crew, came on shore about nine of the dock at 
night; and that they, with the hel^ of some peo- 
ple in the isle, viz. William Harper, Patrick 
Montgomery, Jane Moor, and Elspa Syre, did 
draw down a boat in order to transport one of 
their crew to the Fairly. The session taking this 
to their consideration as a gross prophanation of 
the Lord Vday, appointed the minister to enquire 
into the truth and circumstances of the business, 
and to cause summon the foresaid persons against 
next meeting of the session. 

'' March 9, 1718.— This day there was an inti- 
mation made from the pulpit of an act of the 
synod, for a voluntary collection in fiivour of mi- 
nisters in FensilvaDia. And the said collection 
amounted to £28 Scots. 


June 18, 1718. — The said day^ the minister 
acquainted the session that he designed to dis- 
pense the sacrament of the Lord's Sapper to the 
congregation, and desired them to think on the 
most proper time. The session having deliberate 
on this matter, told that it behooved to be before 
the middle of July, because of the herring fishers. 

"July 16, 1718.— This day, appointed that 
none of the Cummunion Tables be lent out at 
fairs, or such times. 

"August 20, 1718. — ^This day, it was r^re- 
sented to the session that William King, coupar, 
and Anne Cuninghame, his wife, had been guilty 
o£ horrid curnng and imprecations against James 
Bole and his family. 

" Oct. 29, 1719. — ^A thanksgiving day appoint- 
ed by the synod for deliverance from the Spanish 
invasion; and for the late good harvest. 

" Jan. 8, 1722. — This day, the session taking 
to connderation that the school-house, which was 
build upon the glyb, and att the expence of the 
session, had been much abused of late at bookings 
and penny weddings; and that the kirk furma, 
which was borrowed on these occasions, were alao 
abused; they do hereby discharge the same in 
time coming. 

" July 21, 1728.— This day, the minister in- 
quired at the elders how the &st-day was kept 
through their several quarters. John Orr told it 
was very ill observed in the low part of the Tar** 
bert; that immediately after their going home 
from sermon, they went and pilched their horses^ 
and went down to the Sandilands to get them 

" Informed also, that James Robison, with his 
boat's crew, went off, late on Tuesday night be- 
fore the fast, in the expectation of a leadening of 
prohibite goods, and did not stay to obsenre the 
fast. Ordered to be summoned before the session. 

"May 17, 1726.— This day, the session takmg 
to their serious consideration the abuse that's like 
to creep in att bankets on the Lord's-day, by in- 
viting excessive number of people to their feast — 
sometimes two dozen and upwards — the intertain- 
ment of whom cannot be without a great deal of 
unnecessaiy work on the Sabbath, the session 
unanimously agree that these exceanve nmnbers 
be discharged; and that when baplasms happens 
upon the Sabbath, there be not above six persons 
present, besides the&mily; and that intimatioii 
of this be made from the pulpit the next Sabbath. 

"May 81, 1727. — ^This day, information was 
given in against William Cochran, in Brakenlie, 
weaver, by his gross forgettfullness of the Sab- 
bath, in working at his imployment. 

"May 28, 17^.— This day, Hugh HiU, in 
Glend-head, having represented to the semm his 




bodl J affliction by reason of the king^s evil in his 
thighs, and that he was advised to go for Mofiat 
vrells for cure, but had nothing to bear his charges, 
ordered that there be a publick collection made 
for him, and that the minister make intimation of 
it (rom the pulpit, &c. 

'' July 9, 1729.— This day, reported that the 
minister, att the desire of Mountain elder, had 
called for Alexander Cunningham, wright in Kil- 
winning, to take a look of the kirk, who accord- 
ingly came, and to the best of his judgement, told 
that it was in the most ruinous condition of any 
kirk he had seen of this long time. For which 
reason, thought the sacrament could not be con- 
Teniently given till the rest of the gentlemen 
<x>ncemed be acqmunted, in order to a speedy 
reparation of it. Ordered further, that the mi- 
nister speak to them about this affiiir." 

Under the head of ^^ eminent men" connected 
with the parish of Kilbride, two individuals de- 
serve to be mentioned — ^Dr Robert Simson, Pro- 
fessor of Mathematics in the University of Glasgow, 
the well* known translator of Euclid, and Greneral 
Robert Boyd, lieutenant-Govemor of Gibraltar 
during the memorable siege of that fortress in 
1782. Both of these gentlemen derived their 
origin from the parish of Kilbride. The former 
was the son of John Simson of Kirktonhall, and 
the latter belonged to the class of small farmers, 
hjhving, by extraordinary perseverance and talent, 
raised himself to the rank of a Greneral in the 



Under this head, the writer in the New Statis- 
tical Account says, in reference to the fortlets or 
** castle hills'* already alluded to: ^* They stand 
at unequal distances, apparently as suitableness 
of situation offered— some scarcely half a mile, 
others a mile and a-half apart. In particular, 
they occur at Boydston, Glenhead, Seamill, and 
Ardneiil. They are all constructed in the same 
manner, and are of very limited dimensions. A 
portion of the bank is detached on all sides, and 
rounded conically; the enclosure on the summit, 
of about 30 or 40 feet in diameter, is surrounded 
by a rampart from 6 to 8 feet in thickness, faced 
on both sides with large undressed stones neatly 
laid, the interstice being filled up with small 
stones, intermixed with earth. That at Ardneiil 
stands on a finely isolated eminence called Auld- 
hill,* and in front of the enclosure or prsetorium, 
there is an esplanade of 40 or 50 paces in length, 

• Anldhffl is a ritriiled fort. 
TOL. n. 

very exactly formed and levelled. Something 
similar exists at Seamill, but the rest are confined 
to the circular rampart alone. Conjecture as- 
signs these structures to the era of the Danish 
incursions, which seems not improbable ; but they 
may belong to a still higher antiquity.* Tumuli 
have likewise been accidentally explored here, in 
which were found urns containing calcined human 
bones and ashes. Near the Castlehill at Seamill, 
about four years ago, whilst the new line of the 
coast road was being executed, two entire urns 
of this sort were dug out in a stratum of gravel, 
about three feet below the surface, but without 
any mound being raised over them. One of these, 
it is believed, has since been deposited in Ander- 
son's Institution in Glasgow. These urns were 
formed of coarse red clay, of very rude manufac- 
ture, yet well proportioned, and modelled in the 
vase form. In hardening, the fire appears to 
have been applied solely to the inside of the urn, 
that part being changed to a dark colour, whilst 
the outside remains of the natural red." 

Some years ago, a very splendid silver brooch, of 
beautiful workmanship, having a Runic inscription, 
was found near Hunterston. This is supposed to 
have been a relic of the invasion of Haco — a large 
tumulus of stones having formerly existed at the 
spot where the skirmish with a party of Danes, 
already alluded to, is said to have taken place.t 
Several ancient graves were discovered near the 

There are the ruins of five houses or castles in 
the pariah, viz., Portincross, Law, Crosbie, Hun- 
terstoun, and Southanan. 

The first of these, Portincross, or Ardneiil, is 
perhaps the most ancient. It is in the style of a 
fort slice, built on a ^^edge of rock projecting 
into the sea, under the bold promontory to which 
it gives name, a singularly wild and romantic 
situation." Whether it ever was a royal resi- 

* Afew yean ago, an opening being made in the groond 
outside of the rampart at Seamill, a considerable quantity 
of charcoal of wood, bones of cattle, and deer's horns, tome 
of which appearing to have been sawn asunder, were found 
a few fleet below ^e surface, the materials of the wall hav- 
ing Alien down over the place. 

t 4th April, 1881. — Andersonian Soiree, of Glasgow. 
Mr Hunter of Huntentoun, exhibited an ancient brooch 
lately found on his estate. This splendid and beautifliUy 
wrought antique is of silver, <nnamented with rich and 
elegant filigree work in gold, and is in perfect preserva* 
tion. On the back of it there are two iniscriptions in the 
Bunic character, viz. Haloritha a dalk this: in English — 
Maloiitha possesses this brooch : Dolk Osfrlda— the brooch 
of Oafrida. The names are both females, and apparently 
Scandinavian. Mr Bepp, F. S. A., who has written an ela- 
borate memoir on this remarkable antique, is of opinion, that 
it cannot be referred to a later period than the twelfth een- 
tury. It was ftiond near an andent cairn, which tradition 
points out as the scene of a skirmish in which Mr Huntefs 
ancestor routed a party of Korwegicnst at the battle cf the 
Lairgs, m 1368.— GuuBoow Hsralo, 8th April, 18S1. 



dence is tmknown; but it is certain that several 
charters of the Stewart kings were signed at 
" Amele," or Portincross. One of these deeds, 
granted by Robert 11., is in the possession of the 
ancient family of Hunter of Hunterstoun. It is 
said that Robert I. occasionally resided at Port- 
incross. " The probability is," says Mr Fullar- 
ton, in the Statistical Account, *•'' that these sove- 
reigns, in passing to and from Dundonald in Kyle, 
and Rothesay in Bute, had been in use to cross 
the channel at this point, and may occasionally, 
as circumstances or inclination suggested, have 
prolonged their stay at this convenient station. 
Contemplating the narrow walls of this sea-beat 
tower, it is certainly difficult to conceive it should 
ever have afforded accommodation to the prestige 
of a royal court; yet^ when we reflect on the cir- 
cumscribed nature of even Dundonald itself, the 
favourite residence of these same sovereigns^ the 
contrast by no means appears so extraordinary." 
Mr Fullarton adds, in a foot-note, that in an in- 
ventory of the efiects within the fortalice of Port- 
incross, taken in 1621, it appears, inter alia^ to 
have contained '^ten fedder beddis, with their 
furnishings, which is so far illustrative of the man- 
ners of these times; for it is dear two or three of 
these must have belonged to each chamber." 

Croshie CasUe stands amidst some fine old wood, 
about a mile east of the village of Ealbride. It 
was inhabited at the beginning of the seven- 
teenth century, when Timothy Pont made his 
survey. He says : " Crosby toure is the habita- 
tione of William Craufurd of Auchnaims, by di- 
vers thought to be chieffe of the Craufiirds. He 
holds the same of the Earls of Glenc^me. This 
surname is vejy ancient, and did memorable ser- 
vice under King Alexander the 3d, at the batell 
of Largis, by quhome their good service wes re- 
compensed with divers great lands and posses- 
siones. According to the old common rithme: 

* Thej had DrafTen, Methweine, and rich erth Steyinstone, 
Cameltoone, Knoekawart, and fair Lowdoune.' 

Fra this king, lykewayes, they have amongst them 
a traditione that they had their armes." Crosbie 
is peculiarly interesting to the admirers of Scot- 
tish patriotbm, as there can be no doubt that it 
is the original " Tower of Crosbie " where Wal- 
lace found shelter with his imde, Reginald Crau- 
furd, during his outlawry by the English authori- 
ties. Blind Harry represents Wallace and his 
uncle as coming from Corsby on the morning of 
the ^^ Blac Parliament," when so many of the 
leading men of the county were put to death in 
tlie Bams of A)t. On arriving at Kingcase, in 
the vicinity of Ayr — 

** With heidftdl hast then spcrit wleht WaUac* 
At Schyr Ranald for the charter of peese. 
It is lewyt at Corsbe, in the kyst* 

Wallace and his unde discover that the bcHid of 
peace entered into with the English had been left 
at Crosbie in the charter diest. There is a Crosbie 
in Kyle, but that property bdonged to the Ful- 
lartons of Fullarton, ^d never was in the posses- 
sion of the Craufurds. It is, therefore, the walls 
of Crosbie Castle, in the parish of West Kilbride, 
that gave shdter to the hero of Scotland; and 
great is the pity that they should ever be allowed 
to go to ruin. Tradition has assigned numerous 
hiding-places to Wallace ; but the fact of his hav- 
ing been repeatedly at Crosbie with his unde, 
during his younger years, as well as after he had 
unsheathed the sword in defence of his native 
land, cannot be reasonably doubted. 

Late Casth^ or the Tower of Kilbride, is ntn- 
ated on an eminence adjacent to the village of 
Kilbride. The walls are entire, and have a statdy 
appearance. The situation commands a ddight- 
ful view of the Clyde westward. 

Hunterstoun, — ^The old ibrtlet, consisting of a 
tower and other buildings, of the Hunters of 
Hunterstoun, is still entire, being occufued as a 
fiirm-house. It originally occupied a narrow 
tongue of land, jutting into a deep morass, a site 
well chosen for security. It is surrounded with 
trees, and has altogether a picturesque and inte- 
resting appearance, although recent agricultural 
improvements, by druning the morass, have de- 
prived the andent strong-house of one of its chief 

SouOianan was one of the mansion-houses of 
the Sempill family, to whom the property bdonged 
from the time of Bruce. It is situated dose upon 
the sea; and though it has long been in a state of 
decay, it still bears evidence of its former splen- 
dour. The site is beautifully wooded, and is al- 
together one of the most ddightftil on the coast. 

Island of Little Cumbray. 

This island, though in the shire of Bute, is at- 
tached quoad sacra to the parish of Kilbride. It 
is about 1^ miles in superfidal extent, and at the 
highest nearly 600 feet above the level of the sea. 
It has long been in the possession of the Eglin- 
toun family: " October 28, 1515.— Lettre to 
Hew Erie of Eglintoune, making him and his 
assignais, keeparis, oversearis, correkaris, and 
suplearis of the Ifle of Litill Comei^ayj the dere, 



conyDgis, and wildbestis being thiurin, quhill the 
kiiigisperfiteageofxvjere; becaus Robert Hun- 
tare of Hontarestoune, forrestar of heritage of the 
nid iile, u nocht of power to resist the personis 
that waistis the samyn, without suplie and help,*^ 

The ancestors of Hunter of Hunterston were 
thus the heritable keepers of the Island of Little 
Cumbray, which was no doubt included in the 
prindpality of Scotland, when that appendage to 
the crown was erected by Robert HI. in favour 
of his son in 1404. Notwithstanding the above 
letter to the Earl of Eglintoun the island remain- 
ed in possession of the family for two hundred 
years afterwards. They also, it appears, claimed 
a right to the falcons bred on the Red Farland 
Rocks, in the Great Cumbray, situated on the 
property of South Eames. It is related that a 
serious dispute took place betwixt the Governor 
of Dumbarton Castle, as representing the king, 
and the Laird of Hnnterstoun, regarding the right 
to the said falcons, which were claimed by the 
king as royal birds. The Laird having reused 
eiUier to give up his right, or to appear before 
the king at Edinburgh, when summoned, the 
Governor was ordered to go with a force to seize 
kirn, when, it is said, the refractoiy Laird, having 
been joined by his neighbours, succeeded in re- 
pnlsmg the G<)vemor with loss. It is not known 
how the matter ended. 

George Ker, brother of Mark Ker, Lord New- 
hattle, was pursued by Mr Andro Knox, minister 
at Paisley, accompanied by some scholars from 
Glasgow, and apprehended in the Isle of Cum- 
bray, on the 27th December, 1592. Ker was a 
Koman Catholic, and bore letters to Spain, whe- 
ther he meant to pass by sea, taking shipping at 
the Fairlie Roads, for the purpose of promoting 
the threatened invasion from Spain. 

Kear the middle of the Island of Little Cum- 
bray there exist the remains of a square tower, 
the first story of which is vaulted. During Crom- 
well's stay in Scotland, the Eglintoun family re- 
tired to tlie Little Cumbray — residing, no doubt, 
in this small building, the dimensions of which 

are only 28 by 15. It is said that the tower was 
destroyed by the soldiers of the Commonwealth, 
the Eurl of Eglintoun having made himself highly 
obnoxious to the Protector. 

Mr Fullarton, in the Statistical Account, quotes 
a curious contract, dated in 1568, from the burgh 
records of Glasgow, showing that the tower of 
Cumbray was among the other residences of the 
Eglinton family: — "Hew Erie of Eglintoun," 
contracted with " George Elphinstoun, glassin- 
wricht, burges of Glasgow, that the said Creorge 
suld uphald and mantene the places of Ardrossan, 
Eglintoun, Folnone, Glasgow, and Cumray in 
glassin wark, as also the place of Lrvin ;" and for 
all which, Elphinstoun was to receive yearly, 
" twa bollis meill, and ane stane cheis," " and gif 
it happinis the sud Erie to hald hous in ony of 
thir foir-saidis places when it sal happin, the said 
George to wirk, the said George ^all have his 
meit the time that he wirks, and als when the 
said George tursis creillis of glas and leid to Ir- 
vyn, Ardrossan, Eglintoun, and Cumray, the said 
Erie sal cans ane carrage hors to turs the samyn 
out of Glasgow." 

The ruins of the tomb and chapel of St Vey, 
still in existence, occupy the top of the hill, a 
short distance northward of the castle. In the 
tomb there are two flat stones, one of which has 
long been broken in two, bearing " some orna- 
mental tracery, such as is usually to be seen on 
those ancient monuments called Danish stones, 
but no vestige of any inscription is to be observed 
in any of them. This enclosure, "vduch is of a 
square form, and of very limited dimensions, was 
originally surrounded by a stone wall, but of 
which only the foundation now exists. There is 
a tradition that this chapel, another at Ardrossan, 
and a third at the Grarrock-head, in Bute, were 
all served by one and the same priest, who, of 
course, journeyed per vices among them." 

At Shanniwilly point, some urns and fragments 
of ancient instruments of war were found in tu- 
muli, which the Earl of Eglintoun caused to be 
opened about thirty years ago. They were all 
carried to Eglintoun Castle. 




Before the contest for the Scottish crown in the 
thirteenth century, the lands of West Kilbride 
seem to have been chiefly in possession of the 
Baliols and Rosses. After the succession of Ro- 
bert the Bruce, however, a change took place — 
the lands of the Baliols, and most of those of the 
Rosses, having been forfeited to the Crown, and 
conferred by the King upon the most faithful of 
those chiefs who had supported him throughout 
his arduous struggle. As then divided, the pa- 
rish consisted of seven baronies, which division, 
with little modification, still exists. 


situated on the northern extremity of the parish, 
is the largest. It extends to upwards of 2400 
acres. It belonged to the noble family of Sem- 
pil, upon whom it was conferred by the Crown 
after the forfeiture of BaUol. Although this £&- 
mily occasionally resided at their beautiftil man- 
sion of Southanan, built in the Italian style, yet 
Castle Sempil, in Renfrewshire, was their princi- 
pal seat, and they are justly held to be a Ren- 
frewshire family. Therefore it does not fall with- 
in our scope to give an accoimt of them here. 
When the first breaking up of the family occur- 
red, more than a hundred years ago, the property 
was purchased by Alexander, ninth Earl of £g- 
lintoun, and it has since remained with his de- 


situated to the west of Southanan, along the coast, 
extends to about 700 acres. The Hunters of Hun- 
ter^ or of that lUcy are one of the most ancient fa- 
milies in the district. No trace can be had of their 
origin, but there is scarcely a doubt that the 
estate of Hunterstoun has been in the family 
since, at least, the beginning of the twelfth cen- 
tury, or a period of about 750 years, and how 
much longer cannot now be ascertained. That 
the family is of Norman origin seems, however, 
extremely probable, from the circumstance of 
the oldest of the family on record, being a ^^ Nor- 
man Huntar." The name, till a comparatively 
modem period, was always spelled *^ Huntar," 
and the proprietors styled themselves *' Huntar 

of that Ilk.^' At a remote period, a singular 
manner of subscription was adopted, as can be 
seen in many old papers, viz. *^ Robert Huntar 
of Huntarston '' signed himself always " RoHun- 
tarston,'^ and *' Patrick Huntar of Huntarston,'* 
" PaHuntarston," and the like. 

In the Ragman Roll the name ^^ Ailmer de la 
Huntar '^ occurs, and that he was an ancestor of 
the present family is placed beyond doubt, inas- 
much as the subscriptions come regularly down 
the coast. Among others we find Hugo de Mont- 
gomerie (Skelmorley), then Eraser of Knock, 
Hugo de Boyle (ancestor of the Earl of Glas- 
gow), Ailmer de la Huntar, Barclay of Ardros- 
san, &c. Another ancestor, a Quintigem Hun- 
tar, was killed at the battle of Flodden, where 
the slaughter of the Scottish nobility was so great, 
and so disproportionate to that of their followers, 
but which can be easily accounted for by advert- 
ing to the speech of Lord Lindsay to the Scot- 
tish lords before the battle, in which he says ^^ for 
none, my Lords, have remained but gentlemen, 
the commons have all departed from us for lack 
of victual.'' In these days, when there was no 
commissariat, an army could only be kept toge- 
ther for a short period ; and it would appear that 
the wealthier portion of the army alone, and 
their immediate retainers, had remained with the 
king, the others having departed in search of 
food or plunder, and in this state the battle, so 
fatal to Scotland, took place. 

The possessions of the family were originally 
much more considerable than at present, a great 
deal of land having been sold by the great-grand- 
father of the present proprietor. Besides the 
properties of Hunterstoun and Campbcltoun, 
which still remain in the family, they possessed 
at one period Annan-Hill, near Kilmarnock, 
called formerly Annan-Hill-Huntar-Longmuir, 
in the parish of Kilmaurs ; Highlees, in Dahy ; 
South Blames, in the Great Cumbra; the Island 
of Little Cumbra; the Holy Island, or Lamlash, 
with a part of the opposite shore; and several 
families of the name of Hunter still remain in 
Arran and the Great Cumbra. 

The proprietors of Hunterstoun were foresters 
in heritage of the Island of Little Cumbra, it 
being a royal deer park. 

The cadets and descendants of the family are 
numerous. Among these may be mentioned the 
following : — 



1. Hanten of Barjarg, in Dumfries-shire, de- 
loeoded from Quintigem Huntar, killed in IMO. 

2. Hunter of Bestenet. 

3. Drs William and John Hmiter, physicians 
in London, descended from Francis, third son of 
Patrick Hunter of that Ilk, who died in 1674. 

4. Hunter of Kirkland, descended from Ro- 
bert, second son of Robert Hunter, who died in 

5. Orby Hunter of Croydon Abbey, descended 
from James, third son of Robert Hunter, who 
ikd about 1680. 

6. Hunter of Thurston, in Haddingtonshire. 

7. Hunter of Doonholm, in this county. 

8. Mr David Hunter of London, descended 
from David, third son of Patrick Hunter, who 
died in 1789. 

9. Hunter Blair of Blairquhan. 

As ahready stated, the oldest of the fiunily of 
whom any distinct record is preserved, is Nor- 
man Huntar, who lived between 1214 and 1249. 
As the lands, however, are never known to have 
been in the possession of any other family, and 
as there can exist no reasonable doubt that they 
were acquired at a period not very long subse- 
qaent to the Norman Conquest, in the year 
1066, they must have been in the family at least 
150 years before the time of the said Norman 
Huntar, so that he may safely be assumed as the 
sixth in the genealogical enumeration of the fa- 
mily. Nisbet, in his remarks on the Ragman 
Roll, states that, in an ancient charter, certiun 
lands were bounded *^ terris 

VL NormaniVenatoris." The next on record 

Vn. Ailmer de la Huntar, who was one of 
the Magnates Scotice, who, in 1296, subscribed 
the noted submission to Edward I. of England, 
in the question between Baliol and Bruce, rela- 
tive to the Scottish crown, (see Ragman Roll and 
Kisbet^s remarks). As this Ailmer was alive in 
1296, and the next on record, William, seems to 
have succeeded in 1375, at least one generation 
must have intervened, so that the ninth will be 

D[. William Huntar, who obtained a charter 
from Robert H.— " Willmi. Hunt— totam ter- 
*am de Amele, cum fit. que fuit Andre Cambell 

militis Apud StVelyne sedo. die Maij Anno 

regm mi. Q'rto (1375)*. These lands are now 
called Campbelton, from their original owner, 
the said Sir Andrew Campbell, and are still in 
the possession of the &mily. So long an inter- 
val again occurs between this William and the 
next on record, who was also a 

• Reg. Mag. SigiU, p. lOb. 

XI. William, that at least another generation 
must have intervened. He was infeft in High- 
lees, in the parish of Dairy, by a sasine from 
Andrew Linn of that Ilk, dated 4th March, 
1452, though these lands appear to have been in 
possession of the family from a much earlier pe- 
riod. His son, 

Xn. Archibald Huntar of that Bk, married 
Jean Craufurd, of the family of Corseby, in the 
vicinity, by whom he had a son, 

XIH. John Huntar of that Ilk, who married 
Margaret, fourth daughter of John, second Lord 
Cathcart, by Margaret, daughter of Sir William 
Douglas of Drumlanrig, by whom he had a son, 

XIV. Robert Huntar of that Bk, who, on 
the 5th September, 1517, was infefl in the Island 
of Lamlash. He married Margaret Craufurd, 
another of the ladies of Corseby, and by her he 
had a son, 

XV. Robert Huntar of that Bk, who married 
Janet Montgomerie, daughter of Montgomerie 
of Gifien, and widow of John Craufurd of Crau- 
furdland. His son, 

XVI. Mungo, or Quintigem Huntar of that 
Bk, was served heir to his &ther in 1540. He 
was killed at the battle of Pinkie, on the 10th 
September, 1547. By his wife, daughter of 
James Hamilton of Torrance, he had two sons : 

1. Robert 

3. i ancestor of the Hanten of Baijarg. 

He was succeeded by his eldest son, 

XVn. Robert Huntar of that Bk. He was 
served heir to his father in the five merk land of 
Campbeltoun, 2d October, 1548. He was one 
of those Ayrshire gentlemen who subscribed the 
Band in defence of the Reformed religion, on 
the 4th of September, 1562. He married Mar- 
garet Craufurd, a daughter of Thomas Craufurd 
of Auchnames, by Marion, daughter of Mont- 
gomerie of Hesilheid, by whom he had issue : 

1. Robert. 

2. Francis. 

a. Jean, married to the Rev. Robert Ciminghame, mi- 
nister of Bamwefl, brother of Hugh Cuninghamo of 
Carlung, to whom she had two daughters : 
1. Jean, of whom afterwards. 
S. Catharine, married to Robert Cuiinghama of 
Auohinharvie, 4th Hay, 1616. 

He was succeeded by his eldest son, 

XVin. Robert Huntar of that Bk, who was 
served heir to his father on the 23d May, 1593, 
in the lands of Campbeltoun, Annan-hill and 
Highlees. He married Margaret,* daughter of 

* ** Margaret Peblis, Lady Honterstone, for wairs," ap- 
pears in the list of debts ** awand to the deid," in the tes- 
tament of ** Allazr. Gimynghame, elder, merchant borgeM " 
of Irvine, 1611. — Olas. Com. Rec. 



Provost Peeblis of Irvine,* a family of consider- 
able respectability, and possessed of several pro- 
perties in the neighbourhood ; but he died with- 
out issue in 1616, as the following extract from 
the Commissary Records of Glasgow show : — 

^^ The Testament dative and Inventar of the 
guidis, geir, &c. quhilks pertenit to vmqle. Ko- 
bert Huntar of Huntarstoune, within the paro- 
chin of Kilbryd, the time of his deceis, quha 
deceist in the monethe of Maij, the zeir of God 
1616 zeiris, fikithfiillie maid and gevin vp be Pa- 
trik Huntar, now of Hunterstoune, executor 
dative, &c. 

" Inventar. 

'^ Item, the defunct had the time foirsaid per- 
teining to him, as his awin proper guids and geir, 
and in his possessioune, the guids and geir vnder- 
writtin, of the availls, qualities and pryces eftir- 
specifit, viz. Twa ky, pryce of the piece x lib. 
inde xx lib. Item, in the borne, four bolls beir, 
pryce of the boll vi lib., inde xxiiii lib. Item, 
the insicht of the hous in vtindlls and domicills, 
with the abuUzement of the de^mct^s bodie, esti- 
mat to xxxvii lib vi s. viii d. 

*^ Summa of the Inventar Ixxvii lib. vis. viiid." 
His lady survived him. She is mentioned in the 
testament of *^ John Tempiltoun in Hilhous, pa- 
rochin of Kilbryde," May 1617, as a creditor of 
** ferme the said zeir 1617, vii firlots beir,** &c. 
*^ Mair to hir, ane mas of herring, pryce lib. vis. 

Having no issue, the Laird of Hunterstoun set- 
tled his estate on the husband of his niece, Jean 
Cuninghame, as above (No. XVII.^, who mar- 

XIX. Patrick Huntar, (son pf William Hun- 
tar of Binberry-yards, parish of Ayr) great- 
grandson of Mungo Huntar of that Ilk (No. 
XVL), as appears from a charter in the posses- 
sion of the present Hunterstoun. He had a 
retour of the lands of Ardneil- Hunterstoun and 
Campbeltoun, as heir of entail and provision, of 
Robert Hunter of Hunterstoun, 11th July, 1618. 
His name occurs, among those of other gentlemen, 
in the Committee of War for Ayrshire, in the 
troublesome times of 1647. t The issue of this 
marriage was, 

1. Robert. 

3. The Rev. Henry Huntar, minister of Dromore, who 
died without issue. 

8. Francis, fh>m whom, it is supposed, the fiunily of 
Hunter of Long Calderwood was descended, and of 
wiiieh family were the celebrated Drs William and 

* She seems to have been his cousin. Provost Peeblis, 
who died in 160.*}, left his spouse, *' Mareoun Hunter,*' his 
only executrix, and appointed Ilobert Hunter of Hunter- 
stoun one of the guardians of the family. 

t Pari. Rec. 

John Hunter, physicians in London, who were bom. at 
Easter Kilbride, in Lanarkshire, in the years 1718 and 
1728, whose grandfather is stated to have been a 
younger son of Huntar of Hontanton. 

1. married to Alexander Gunninghame of Car- 

2. Jean, married to David Kennedy of Balmaclanachan, 
and of Craig, in Cairick, about the year 1688.* 

In 1662, we find the laird of Hunterston fined in 
£600 by one of Middleton's arbitrary acts. He 
was succeeded by his eldest son, 

XX. Robert Huntar of that Dk. In 1674, he 
was served heir of conquest to his immediate 
younger brother, the Rev. Henry Huntar. He 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Patrick Craufurd 
of Auchnames, by whom he had issue: 

1. Patrick. 

2. Robert, ancestor of Kirkland. 

8. James, who was bred to the bar. He manied Mar- 
garet Spalding, by whom he had General Robert Him- 
tar, who died Govemor of Jamaica in 1784, who was 
married to Lady Maiy Dalziel, only child of James, 
fourth Earl of Camwath. His descendants are the 
Orby Hunters of Croyland Abbey, Linoolnshhne. 

4. Hugh, who was a physidan in Kilmarnock. 

He married, secondly, a daughter of Cuninghame 
of Aiket, by whom he had no issue, and was suc- 
ceeded by his eldest son, 

XXI. Patrick Huntar of that Sk, whose re- 
tour is dated on the 19th January, 1680. He 
married Marion, daughter of John Cuninghame 
of Langmuir, by whom he acquired that property, 
and had issue: 

1. Patrick. 

2. Henry was ordained minister of Heams in 1718, and 
died in 1788. 

8. John. 

1. Dorothea, married to Henry Cuninghame of Carlnng, 
and had a numerous issue. 

2. Marion, married, in 1694, to John Peeblis of Craw* 
field, without issue. 

8. ICargareL 

He died in 1699, and was succeeded by his eldest 

XXn. Patrick Huntar of that Dk, who mar- 
ried Marion, eldest daughter of Thomas Crau- 
furd of Cartsbum, by whom he had issue: 

1. Patrick, who died in his father's lifetime, m 1732. 

2. Robert. 

3. David, who married Bfiss Milliken of Port-Glasgow, 
by whom he had Patrick Hunter, merchant in Lon- 

4. Henry. 
6. Thomas. 

1. Rebecca, died unmanned. 

2. Elizabeth, married to llr John Hyndman of Lundsr- 

8. Marion, married to Hugh Muir. 

4. Dorothea, married, first, to Mr Kelso of Hnllertiixtt, 

and, secondly, to Mr Hugh Weir of Kirichall. 
6. Margaret, married to Mr Caldwell, merchant and 

shipmaster in GreenoclL 

He died 9th November, 1739, and was succeeded 
by his eldest surviviug son, 

• See Nisbct, toL ii. App. 41. 



XXTTT. Bobert Hunter of that Hk, who mar- 
ried Mifls Aitchison of Glasgow, by whom he had 

1. Thomas Oibj, \ ^ . 

». Patrick John, j *"®° ^^^^' 

1. Eleonora, who succeeded. 

3. Marion. 
8. £lizabeth. 

He died in 1796, and was succeeded by his eldest 
sorviying daughter, 

XXIV. Eleonora, who married her cousin, 
Bobert Caldwell Hunter, by whom she had issue: 

1. Bobert 

2. Patrick, died in 1828. 
S. Norman, died in 1836. 
1. Eleonora, died in 1838. 

S. Marion Crawford, died in 1880. 

8. Maiigaret. 

4. Janet. 

Bobert Caldwell Hunter died 22d August, 1826, 
and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

XXV. Robert Hunter of that Bk, the present 
proprietor. He married, in 1836, Christian, eld- 
est daughter of Crawfurd of Cartsbum, and has 

1. Jane. 

9. E l e ononu 

Anna — ^Vert, Ihree dogs of the chase courant, 
argent, collared or, on a chief of the second, three 
hunting horns of the first stringed, gules. 

Crest — A greyhound sejant, argent, collared or. 

Motto — Cursum perficio. 

The old castle of Hunterston, as already men- 
tioned, still exists. It was originally merely a 
square tower, the walls of which are of great 

A new mansion-house, at a short distance, was 
built by the late proprietor, Bobert Caldwell 
Hunter. Situated near to the sea, and looking 
up the Firth of Clyde, directly in front are seen 
the Tillages of Fairlie, Largs, Dunoon, and Mill- 
port, with their numerous and scattered rillas; 
as also, the picturesque old castle of Fairlie, with 
the beautiful grounds and plantations of Kel- 
bome, whilst farther off, are seen towering above 
the nearer and lower hills, the rugged mountains 
of Argyll and Dumbarton shires, called ^^ Argyll's 
Bowling Green,'' with Ben-Cruachan in the dis- 
tance. More to the left, are the islands of Bute, 
tke Great and Little Cumbras, and Arran, with 
its magnificent mountain range, beyond which is 
seen the coast of Kintyre, whilst the remarkably 
shaped Paps of Jura are seen in the far west, ter- 
minating a view of singular beauty, scarcely sur- 
passed in this or any other country. Ardneill 
Banks, extending two miles along the shore, are 
partly in this property, and partly in that of Mr 
Craufurd of Auchnames. 

In the possession of the family are many curious 
and very old charters, papers, and letters, several 
of the former so injured by time as to be quite 


The ancient name of this property, which lies 
south of Hunterstoun, was Ardneill, usually spell- 
ed Amele^ from the Celtic, signifying a hill. 
"Ard-neill, or Nell's Knope," says Pont, "ye 
possession of Archibald Boyd, Laird of Portin- 
crosse, and Ard-neill." Latterly, it became bet- 
ter known by the designation of Portincross,* the 
name given to the promontory or bay where the 
ruins of the castle stand. Ardneill anciently com- 
prehended part of the lands of Hunterstoun as 
well as of Portincross. The property, however, 
has long been limited to about 700 acres, ex- 
tending upon both sides of the promontoiy east- 
wards to within three quarters of a mile of the 
village of Kilbride. 

Ardneill, in early times, belonged to the family 
of Ross, who held extensive possessions in Ren- 
frewshire and Ayrshire, under Baliol, of whose 
pretensions to the throne of Scotland they were 
zealous abettors; but on the triumph of the 
Bruce, their estates became forfeited, and were 
bestowed by that monarch upon those adherents 
who had most firmly stood by him in the long and 
arduous struggle so gloriously consummated on 
the field of Bannockbum. Ardneill, or Portin- 
cross, formerly belonging to Godfrey de Ross, 
son of the deceased Reginald de Ross, was gifted 
to Sir Robert Boyd of Kilmarnock, in the first 
year of his reign (1306.) 

The first of the Boyds designated of Portincross 

I. Robert, third son of Sir Thomas Boyd of 
Kilmarnock, and grandson of Sir Robert, the 
firiend and supporter of the Bruce. Crawfurd, 
in his Peerage, says : " I have seen a charter on 
the 10th June 1444, Per Thomam Boyd de Kil- 
marnock dilecto avunculo^ Roberto Boyd terrarum 
de Ameil.'*^ The next represintative of this fa- 
mily is at the distance of more than a century 
fr^m the last-mentioned date — ^namely, 

II. Robert Boyd of Portincross, who, about 
the year 1550, married Elizabeth, third daughter 
and one of the co-heiresses of David Fairlie of 
that Ilk, by his wife Catharine, daughter of Lau- 

* Snppoaed to be derired flrom ** rortus-cnicis," the 
port of the cross. 

t " Avnnoulits,** according to Dncange, in the middle 
ages, was often jued for ** patroui." 



rence Craufurd of Kilbirnie. His name occurs 
as one of the assize in a criminal case in 1562. 
His son, 

ni. Archibald Boyd of PortdncrosSf succeeded 
him. In Robertson^s Ayrshire Families,, Archi- 
bald is altogether omitted, and the writer sup- 
poses Robert No. H. to haye been succeeded by 
his *^ son or grandson," also called Robert. 
Amongst the Boyd papers in the Kilmarnock 
charter chest, however, there is a contract be- 
tween Robert Lord Boyd and Archibald Boyd of 
Portincross, by which the latter obliges himself 
to "obtene himself heritablie and sufficientlie 
infeft and seasit in all and haiU the ten merk land 
of Portincross and Ardneil" before the decease 
of his father, Robert Boyd; contract dated 19th 
April 1572. The father had no doubt assigned 
the property to his son before his death — hence 
the occasion of the contract. Archibald is also 
mentioned in other documents — as, for instance, 
the following : ^^ The testament-testamentar, lat- 
ter-will, and inventar of the guidis and geir per- 
teining to vmquhile hew boyde, sone lawfull to 
Tmquhile Archibald boyde of poi'tincross^ burges 
of Irwen, quha deceist in ye moneth of October, 
the zeir of God Jai vi and ten zeiris, maid and 
gevin yp be his awin mouth in his awin dwelling- 
hous in Irwen, ye xxrj day of October ye said 
zeir," &c. " Robert boyd of Portincross, Ard. 
boyde ynder ye hill," his brother, were witnesses 
to this document, so that Archibald Boyd of 
Portincross must have died before 1610, the date 
of the testament. This accords precisely with 
tt^e date of Pontes survey of Scotland, who states 
that Archibald Boyd was the laird of Portincross. 
Archibald Boyd had thus several sons : 

1. Bobert, his guccessor. 

9. Hew, burgeas of Irvine. He married Mareonn Bob, 
of the Bordland family, and had itisue several daugh- 
ters, but apparently no sons. Niniane Barclay, Bo- 
bert Barclay, and Hew Barclay, are all mentioned as 
his sons-in-law in his testament. He left, of ** free 
geir," at his death, £885, lOs. Scots, to be divided m 
three parts.* 

S. Archibald, *« under the hill.'* 

* The inventory may be curious, as showing the inter- 
course between the coasts of Ireland and Scotland at the 
time. It is as follows : — '* Ane gray naig, by the airschipe 
hors, pryce xxvj lib. Item, tway ky, with the stirks, pryoe 
zxvj lib. xiii s. iiii d. Item, thrie xoung ky in Ireland, esti- 
mat to xxz lib. Item, in the borne and bomezaird. Ten 
bolls heir, pryce of the boll v lib., inde 1 lib. Item, the 
threttie bolls aittis, pryce of the boll, with the foddir, Hij 
lib, inde jczx lib. Item, sex bolls salt, pryce of the boll 
xl 8., inde xij lib. Item, twa kists of hogheids, with als 
mony rungis to set thame vp, pryce of aU xvj lib. Item, 
auchtein fir daills, pryce of thame all nyne lib. Item, auch 
dnssane of Ireland buirdis, at fourtie shillings ilk dussane, 
inde xvi lib. Item, twa stanes of woll, pryce of the stane 
V lib. xiii s. iiii d., mde Ivi lib. xiii s. iiii d. Item, sax feddir 
beddis, by the airschipe, pryoe of the piece, with their ftu-- 
nitour, xiitJ lib., inde fourscoir four lib. Item, Tuentie twa 
pair of echeittis, by the airschip, pryoe of the pair ourheid. 

IV. Robert Bo3rd of Portincross succeeded, as 
we have seen, before 1610. His namerepeatedlj 
occurs in testamentary documents. He married 
Jean Montgomerie, sister of Sir Robert Mont- 
gomerie of Skelmorlie, who died in December 
1621, and from whose testament and latterwill it 
appears that besides Robert his heir, he had se- 
veral sons and daughters : 

*^ The testament, testamcntar, and inventar of 
the guidis, geir, debts, and sowmes of money, 
quhilks perteint to vmquhile Jeane Montgomerie, 
spous to Robert Boyd of Portincross, within the 
parochin of Kilbryd, the time of hir deceis, quha 
deceist in the moneth of December, the zeir of 
God Jai vi c. twentie ane zeiris, £&ithfiillie maid 
and gevin vp be hir awin mouth, as hir latterwiU 
and testament, of the date vnderwrittin, mair fiillie 

" Inventar. 
Item, the defunct and hir said spous had, the 
tyme foirsiud, perteining to thame, and in their 
possessioun, the guids and geir vnderwritUn, of 
the availls, qualities and pryces eflerspeci/it, viz. 
ane quhyt hors, pryce xl lib. Item, ane dvne 
hors, pryce xl lib. Item, four auld pleughe niugis, 
pryce of the peice x lib., inde xl lib. Item, aucht 
tydie ky, pryce of thame all Ixxxxvi lib. Item, 
auchtein zoung quoyis, pryce of thame all Ixxxx 
lib. Item, sax stirks, pryce of them all xii lib. 
Item, of aittis in the borne and bomezaird, thrie- 
scoir bolls aitts, pryce of the boll iiii lib., inde 
ii c. xl lib. Item, of beir in the borne and bome- 
zaird, togidder with the ferme beir restand awand 
be the tennents, extends to ane hundrit and xii 
bolls, pryce of the boll vi lib., inde of beir and 
ferme inde v c. Ixxii lib. Item, ane boitt, with her 
graith, pryce Ixvi lib. xiii s. iiii d. Item, ane 
skout, (?) pryce x lib. Item, pleughe and pleughe 
imes, with carris and harrowis, pryce viii lib. 
Item, ten feddir beddis and vii bowsters, estimat 
to i c. lib. Item, twelf pair of blankettis, pryoe 
of the pair thrie lib., inde xxxvilib. item, thrie 
caddayis, pryce of thame xxiiii lib. Item, four 
sewit coveringis, pryce of thame xxvi lib. xiii s. 

XX s., inde xxii lib. Item, bnird daithes, and fyve dossane 
of serveitts, by the airschip, pryce of all xiii lib. vi a. viii d. 
Item, thrie dussane and ane half of pewdir plaitts, with 
twa dussane and thrie trunscheourls, all estimat to xxxvi 
lib. Item, an brasin basen, by the airschip, estimat to 1 s. 
Item, thrie pynt stopis and thrie choppein stopis, by the 
airschip, all estimat to aucht pund. Item, twa brasyne 
chandleris, by the airschip, estimat to xx s. Item, thrie 
litle kists and ane cliyre, by the ainchip^ estimat to xx s. 
Item, sax sylwir spwnis, by the airship spwne, with twa 
brokhi spwnis, pryce of thame all xx Ub. Item, thrie auld 
gnnis, by the airschip, estimat to ii^ lib. Item, the aboilxe- 
ment of the defunct's bodie, by the airschip, estimat to ane 

hundrith punds. Summa of the foirsaid inv^itar 

vi c. Ixxxxviilib. Ui s. liU d."— Such were the *' guids and 
geir ** belonging to a respectable burgess of £nrine during the 
sixteenth, and at the beginning of the seventeenth coitnry. 



iiiid. Item, four a old caddais, pryce of thame x 
lib. Item, flax auld coyering^, piyce of thame yi 
Kb. Item, thrie pair of oourtingis, pryce x lib. 
Item, ten piur of lining scheitts, pryce xllib. 
Item, of round scheittifl and hardin claith, esti- 
mat to XX lib. Item, thrie pair of heid acheittia, 
estimat to sax pundis money. Item, twelf cod- 
waris, pryce y lib. Item, fyye buirddaithis, pryce 
X lib. Item, four dussane of seryeittia, pryce x 
fib. Item, anoht breid daithia, piyce yilib. Item, 
four lan^ towallia, pryoe iii lib. Item, ane comp- 
ter daith, pryce xii lib. Item, nyne [cutihomis] 
pryce iii [or yiii] lib. Item, thrie chaneleria, twa 
baanngia, ane lawer, ane pewidir atoip pryce of 
thame all xiii lib. yi s. yiii d. Item, twa duaaane 
twa plaittis, twentie ane truncheonra, twa aalaonra, 
and ane aaltfalt, twa wattir potta, pryce of thame 
all xy lib. Item, four pottia, thrie apeitta, with 
ane pair of ralda, pryoe of thame xyi lib. Item, 
ane litle caldroune, ane kettiU, thrie pannia, ane 
girdUl, thrie cruika, ane chymnay, pryce of all 
xxxyi lib. Item, of kiatia, beddia, and yther in- 
spret within the defunct'a houa, with the abuilze- 
ment of his bodie, eadmat to Ixyi lib. xiii a. iiii d. 
of the inyentar, jaj yiclxxylib. 

^^ Legacie. 

*^ At Fortincors, the xix day of December, the 
zeir of God jai yi c. and twentie ane zeiris, the 
<{iihilk day Jeane Montgomerie nominat Robert 
Boyd of Portincora, hir husband, executour. 
Item, my will, and I ordane my huaband, to help 
our baimes, Nans, Elspeth, and Barbara Boyds, 
eftir this maner, yiz. to Nana yiii c. merka, to 
Elapeth vii c. merkia, and to Barbara fyye hun- 
drilh merka. And to our eldest sone Robert, ane 
hundrith merka, and ane broune naig, to George, 
thrie hundrith merkis, to Archibald thrie hun- 
drith merkia, to Gavin thrie hundrith merka, and 
to James thrie hundrith merka. And farder, I 
reqmeat my huaband, for the loye that haa been 
betwixt my huaband and me, and for the fayour 
he beiris to our baumea abonewritin, to giye the 
thrid port of the moyabill guidia and geir that 
apperteins to wa, to be equallie deyydit amangia 
oar four zoungeat sonea, George, Archibald, 
Williame and James, and our thrie dochters, 
Nans, Elapeth, and Barbara Boydia. And I leif 
my brother, Sir Robert Montgomerie of SkeL- 
moriie, and George Montgomerie, our brother, 
to be oyeraeera to my baimea ; and ordanea thame, 
with my huaband, to gif the portioun that ia left 
to ony of my doditeria to the rest of our baimea, 
mcaia, aa God forbid, ony of thame abub their 
bodeys m harlotrie," &c. 


V. Robert Boyd, fear* of Portincross, eldest 
aon of the preceding, appears to haye predeceaaed 
his father. According to his ^^ testament datiye,^' 
he died in March 1634. The '•*■ inyentar of the 
gnids, geir, debts and sowmea of money " per- 
teining to him were giyen up by ^^ Jeane Broune, 
dochter lawfull to ymquhile Robert Broune of 
Burrowland, lawfull creditor to the defunct." 
He married Elizabeth Cuninghame, daughter of 
Alexander Cuninghame of Wateratoune, by whom 
he probably had a aon, who aucceeded hia grand- 
father. He had, at all eyenta, a daughter, Eli~ 
zabeth, who ia mentioned in hia teatament, ad 
omissa, ^' geiyen yp be Allexr. Cynynghame of 
Watteratoune, guidaire to Elizabeth Boyd, doch- 
ter lawfull to the aaid ymquhile Robert Boyd of 
Portincroaa.'' In thia testament, ad omissa, he 
ia styled fear of Portincross ; and in another do- 
cument, where ^^ Elizabeth Cynynghame, Lady 
Portincors" occurs, in 1686, he is called " hbr 
ymquhile husband, Rot. Boyd, xounger of Por- 

YI. Robert Boyd of Portincross, on the 19th 
July 1658, was senred heir to his ^^guidsire," 
(grandfather) Robert Boyd of Portincross, in the 
fiye merk land of Ardneill, &c. He died before 
the year 1668, leaying a son, 

Vn. Robert Boyd of Portincross, who had a 
charter from William, Earl of Kilmarnock, of the 
ten merk lands of Portincross and Ardneill, dated 
October 2, 1668. He had also a charter under 
the Great Seal, of the fiye merk lands of Ameill, 
dated December 14, 1671.t Whom he married 
is not mentioned; but he had a son, Robert, and 
a daughter, Grizel, of whom afterwards. The 
son married, before the year 1693, Antonia, daugh- 
ter of Sir Robert Montgomerie of Skelmorley, 
Bart.,t by Antonia, daughter of Sir James Scot 
of Rossie, and a son named Hugh, and a daugh- 
ter, Lilias, both of whom died young. 

Vlil. Robert Boyd, younger of Portincross, 
predeceased his father, leaying no suryiying issue, 
upon which his father disponed the barony of 
Portincross and Ardneill, 13th April 1712, to his 
grandson, William Fullarton Boyd, eldest son of 
the aboye named Grizel Boyd, his only daughter, 
by Alexander Fullarton, Esq. of Eilmichail, in 
the Island of Arran,§ whom she married, perhaps, 
before the year 1680, and to whom she had, be- 

• ** Fear," in this Instance, seems to have signified Joint 

t Both in an iuTentory of writs of Cnuiftird of Auch- 

t Parish Register. 

$ The'^^lartons of Arran are believed to be derived 
firom the same stock as the Fullartons of that IIIe. 




sides the said William, another son named Robert, 
of whom afterwards, and five daughters, Mar- 
garet^ Janet^ Geils, Antonia^ and GrizeL Janet 
married James Fullarton of Corse, and left issue. 
Mrs Grizel died at Kilmichail, March 14, 1722.* 

IX. William Fullarton Boyd of Portincross, 
who thus succeeded his grandfather, took the 
name of Boyd; and, in the year 1714, married 
Grizel Campbell, only daughter of Angus Camp- 
bell, Esq., Captain of Skipness, by Jean, third 
daughter of Sir James Stuart of Bute, Bart., an- 
cestor of the noble fSunily of Bute, by whom he 
had an only son, John^ and four daughters, the 
eldest of whom, Elizabeth, married to Donald 
Macdonald, Esq., Collector of Excise at Camp- 
belton, and left issue. 

The above William Fullarton Boyd alienated 
the ancient family estate of Portincross to Patrick 
Craufurd of Auchinames, on the 19th of Novem- 
ber 1737, together with the corn-mill of Drum- 
milling, which last he had acquired from Alexan- 
der Cuninghame of Carlung, in the year 1725. 
He afterwards possessed the lands of Balnakil, in 
Cantyre, where he died some time subsequent to 
the year 1 765. He was succeeded by his only 

X. John Boyd, younger of Portmcross, who, 
after his father^s death, resided at Skipness with 
his maternal relations, where he died unmarried, 
about the year 1785. 

The heirs-male of the elder son of the marriage 
betwixt Mrs Grizel Boyd of Portmcross and 
Alexander Fullarton of Kilmichail, haying &iled 
in the person of the last-mentioned Mr Boyd, we 
now return to the second son of the marriage, 

XI. Robert Fullarton, aft;erwards of Overton, 
who was bom at Kilmichail, June 8, 1693, but 
does not seem ever to have used the name of 
Boyd in addition to Fullarton. He married first, 
in 1723, Anna Cuninghame of Carlung, by whom 
ho had a son, Henry, and a daughter, Chizel, who 
both died in infancy. Mrs Anna Cuninghame 
died January 15, 1728. He married, secondly, 
Mrs Anno King, about the year 1732, by which 
marriage there were three sons, and as many 
daughters. About the period of his first mar- 
riage, he acquired the l^ds of Overton, part of 
the estate of Carlung; and dying in June 1750, 
was succeeded by his eldest son of the second mar- 
riage, namely, 

Xn. William Fullarton of Overton, who, in 
consequence of the death of his cousin-german, 
Xo. X., became the nearest heir-male of the 
marriage betwixt Mrs Grizel Boyd of Portincross 

• Tnscription on her tombstone in the churchyard of the 
parish of Kilbryd, Arran. 

and Alexander Fullarton of Kilmichful. This 
William had a disposition from his &ther of the 
lands of Overton, May 6, 1749. He married, in 
the year 1783, Mary Tarbet, West Kilbride, and 
left issue three sons and a daughter: 

1. John, hifl suooessor. 

2. Francis, who went jaang to aea, and was some time 
a midshipman on hwrd H. M. brig * Tigress.* 

8. William, writer in Glasgow. 
4. Robina. 

He died in the end of the year 1793, and was 
succeeded by his eldest son, 

XUI. John Fullarton of Overton, formerly a 
lieutenant in the 71st regiment. Mr Fullarton 
is well known as one of our most devoted and 
talented local antiquaries; and not a few publica- 
tions, illustrative of the fiunily and other antiqui- 
ties of the county, are indebted to his industry 
and pen. 

The ancient tower or castle of Portincross con- 
tinued to be the residence of the proprietors until 
after the restoration of Charles U., when it was 
relinquished for a mansion-house of a very dif- 
ferent style of building, where they resided until 
the alienation of the property, llie old castle, 
however, still continued to be occupied by fisher- 
men, and other inferior tenants, untU about the 
year 1739, when, having been unroofed by what 
was termed '* the windy January," it was for- 
ever after consigned to ruin and decay. 

Arms of the Bayds of Portincross — ^A star in 
chief was all the distinction from the arms of the 
Kilmarnock family. Crest and mottoes the same. 

BnsrriNB of kilbride. 

The property of Kilbride, along with Ardneill 
or Portincross, was conferred upon Sir Robert 
Boyd, by Robert the Bruce, in 1306, and it con- 
tinued in the possession of the Kilmarnock family 
until the latter part of the eighteenth century. 
Lawcastle, a stately tower, whose ruins still exist 
in a pretty entire state, was one of the residences 
of the noble and respected house of Boyd. In 
1670, William, third Earl of Klhnamock, alien- 
ated this property, along with the lands of Drum- 
milling and Boydston to 

Major Hugh BuirriNB, who, it is said, ac- 
quired both reputation and money in the Parfia- 
raentary ^Vars. From his armorial bearings, 
which were, argent, three Bunten birds proper, 
and on a chief, azure, a sword fessways of the 
first, hilted and pommelled or — crest, an anui 
graspmg a sword->-motto, Fortiter et Fide, it has 
been supposed that he was descended of the 



Bontines of Ardoch. Be this w it may, it is 
evident that his ancestors were connected with 
the immediate locality in which he in after life 
diiefly resided. For example, a '^ Wm. JBttnietn, 
tervitour to the Earl of Eglintoun,'*^ occurs as a 
creditor in the testament of Janet Bodger in 
Eflwjnning, who died in December 1620; and 
the death apparently of the same William Bun- 
tem took pla^ six years afterwards. His testa- 
ment is cfdled ^* the Testament of William Bun- 
tein in Eilwynning, who deceast October 1626." 
That Major Hugh Buntine was the son or a near 
relatiTe of this William Buntein is more than 
probable from what is known of his history. It 
seems likely, presuming that his &ther, or other 
near relative, was servitour to the Earl of Eglin- 
toim, that he first joined the army, in the great 
ciTil war, under the banner of the Earl of Eglin- 
toon, or of his son. Lord Montgomerie. 

Bobertson, who wrote from fiunay information, 
states that *^ Major Buntine was a man of great 
respectability, and enjoyed a high reputation in 
the Parliamentary armies during the civil wars. 
He distinguished himself, in particular, in the 
battle of Philiphangh, where, on the ISth of 
September 1646, General David Lesly annihilated 
the army of Montrose, till then deemed to be in- 
vincible. Cromwell had a high opinion of Major 
Bnntine^s talents, and appointed him to be Mus- 
ter-Master of Horse in Scotland : a situation in 
which it is believed he acquired a considerable 
part of his fortune. He built a large house in 
Kilwinning in 1681, and spent the latter part of 
bis life in it. 

" During his residence in Kilwinning, he was 
appointed one of the trustees on the Eglintoun 
estate, which, firom the troubles of the preceding 
times, had become very much embarrassed. At 
one time it was in contemplation to sell part of 
the lands in order to pay off the debt ; but this 
resolution was successfully opposed by Major 
Buntine, who suggested such judicious arrange- 
ments, founded on the basis of strict economy, 
that the incumbrances were gradually extin- 
guished, leaving the estate entire. This good 
service was gratefully acknowledged by the Eg- 
lintoun &mily, who ever afterwards kept up an 
intercourse, on the most friendly footing, with 
Major Buntine and his relatives the Baillies. 

*' Previous to this he had acquired the lands 
of Kilbride, from William the first Earl of Kil- 
marnock, in the year 1670, and took out a crown 
charter in the following year-~disjoining these 
lands firom the lordship of Boyd, and erecting 
them into a firee barony, to be called, in all time 
coming, the Barony of Kilbride, and which he 
assumed as his own jdesignation, and under which 

title he appears several times as a Commissioner 
of Supply for the Cotmty of Ayr, towards the 
latter end of the seventeenth and beginning of 
the eighteenth centuries. He had also a share 
in the troubles of the times, during the reign of 
Charles IL This, indeed, from the party he ad- 
hered to in the civil wars, was what might have 
been expected; but he managed his matters so 
cautiously as to come off with little loss. ^Of 
what family he was, I have no information ; but 
firom his armorial bearings, so similar to those of 
Buntine of Ardoch, there appears reason to con- 
clude that he was of that house." 

Robertson may be right in his conjecture; but 
there can be little doubt that he was immediately 
descended firom ^^ Wm. Buntein, servitour to the 
Earl of Eglintoun," who died in Kilwinning in 
1626. Major Buntine disponed the Barony of 
Kilbride to his nephew, William BaiUie of Monk- 
toun, in 1714, shortly after which period it is sup- 
posed he died. In politics the Major was higldy 
patriotic, and at the Union in 1707 he is said to 
have declaimed against that measure in no ordi- 
nary terms. 


The old and extensive estate of Corsebie, com- 
prising about 1500 acres, lies towards the east of 
the parish. It consists of arable, meadow, moss, 
hill pasture, and heath land, with a considerable 
portion of natural wood. The earliest proprietors 
of this property on record were a branch of the 
great family of Craufiird. It would seem, fix>m 
the adage quoted by Pont, in reference to the 
possessions of the Craufiirds — 

** They had Draffen, Methwdne, and rich erth Stevinstone, 
Cameltoane, Knockawart, and fair Lowdonne " — 

that the last mentioned estate was amongst the 
latest acquirements of the family. Notwithstand- 
ing, it would appear that theCraufurds of Corsebie 
were immediately descended fi*om the Loudoun 
branch. It seems to be generally understood, 
though the earliest records of the Craufiuds of 
Corsebie and Auchinames were accidentally de- 
stroyed by fire in Edinburgh, that the first of 
Corsebie was, 

I. Sib Reginald de Craufusd, but whether 
*' brother camalis" to Hugh Craufurd of Loudoun, 
&ther of *^ Sir Reginald Craufurd of Loudolin, 
Sheriff of Ayr, who was murdered by the English 
at Ayr, in 1297," seems somewhat questionable. 
There can be little doubt that Sir Reginald of 
Loudoun, and Sir Reginald of Corsebie, the latter 
uncle to Sir William Wallace, existed contempo- 
raneously ; hence the inference that they were not 



full brothers, although there are various instanoes 
in great families of two brothers being called hj 
the same name. Be this as it may, the mother of 
Sir William Wallace is pretty satis&ctorily shown 
to have been a daughter of Sir Reginald Craufhrd 
of Loudoun, while it is equally clear that Sir Re- 
ginald Craufurd of Corsebie was the uncle of Sir 
William Wallace. This could not have been the 
case, however, if Robertson is correct ia stating 
that Sir Reginald of Corsebie was the '* brother 
camalis " of Hugh, grandson of the first Sir Regi- 
nald of Loudoun, who, from the period in which he 
lived (1220), could not have been the grandfather 
of Sir William Wallace. Li the reign of Robert 
L, there is a charter to '^ Reginald Craufurd of 
ane annuale out of Ormischuc," in the parish of 
Lrvine> but whether this was Sir Reginald of 
Corsebie, or Sir Reginald of Loudoun, son of Sir 
Reginald who was killed at the Bams of Ayr, does 
not appear. There is no reason for supposing, as 
Robertson does, in another edition of the Ayrshire 
FamUieSj that Hugh, brother of Sir Reginald of 
Loudoun, who died in 1303, was the first of Auch- 

A hiatus takes place ia the fiimily line be- 
tween Reginald Craufiird of Corsebie, who be- 
came the first Baron of Auchinames, the ancient 
property of the family in Renfirewshire, and his 
next successor on record; but there is no reason 
to doubt the accuracy of Craufurd, the historian 
of Renfirewshire, who, writing in 1710, says that 
the Crauiiirds had been in possession of Auch- 
inames well-nigh 400 years before that time. 

The next on record condescended upon by 
Robertson, who follows Craufiird, is TAomo^ Crau- 
furd of Auchinames, whose father, he presumes, 
may have been named Hugh. There is, no doubt, 
much guess work in attempting to lay down the 
order of descent at this stage of the history of the 
family ; but to us it appears probable that the first 
Sir Reginald was succeeded by another, 

n. Reginald Craufurd of Auchinames, whom 
we presume to have been the son of the for- 
mer. At all events, a Reginald Craufurd of Ren- 
frewshire appears as a witness to a charter by 
Robert, the High Steward, in 1358. This could 
hardly have been the Jirst Sir Reginald, unde of 
Sir William Wallace, who could not have been 
less than 124 years of age in 1358, although he 
might well have been his son, 

ilL Thomas Craufurd of Auchinames appears 
in a charter of confirmation by Robert HI., dated 
at Arneill, on the 24th October 1401. In the 
same year, according to Craufurd, this Thomas 
of Auchinames made a mortification ^^ for the 
health of his soul, and of his wife, and for the 
powl qS Sir Reginald Craufurd, his grandfather,^^ 

the founder, probably, of the house of Andi- 


IV. Archibald Craufurd received grants of the 

lands of Thirdpart, Predvick, and Drumver, Sxm 

his father, Thomas Craufurd of Auchinames, m 

1427. On the death of his father, he succeeded 

to Auchinames. He married Margaret Douglas, 

daughter of Sir William Douglas of Pierston, and 

left two sons : 

1. Robert, who enooeeded him. 

8. Thomas, ancestor of the GraoAmls of Thiidpari 

y. Robert Craufurd of Auchinames, son of 
Archibald, was, according to Nisbet and Douglas, 
twice married — first to Margaret Douglas, daugh- 
ter of George, Master of Angus, and sister to 
Archibald, the great Earl, who married the widow 
of James TV., daughter of Henry VII. of Eng- 
land, by whom, sa3rs Robertson, he had a daugh- 
ter married to Semple of Noblestoun. He next 
married Marion Houston, daughter to Houstoun 
of that Bk, by whom he had three sods — James, 
Henry, and Robert — in whose favour he granted 
a charter in 1483, and in 1484 gave sasine of hia 
whole lands to his eldest son, James, reserving 
his own liferent. He was slain at the battle of 
Flodden, in 1513, and was succeeded by his eldest 

It is evident, from these dates, that a great 
mistake has been committed. George, Master of 
Angus, himself fell at Flodden, and could not 
have been so aged a man as that his youngest 
daughter of six (so says Douglas), could have 
been married at such an early period to this Ba- 
ron of Auchinames, that the sons of bis seoond 
wife could have been of age— three of them — by 
1483. In place, therefore, of Robert, the father, 
having been the son-in-law of George, Master of 
Angus, it must have been Robert, the son, that 
married the Lady Margaret, or, as others say, the 
Lady Isobel Douglas, and who died at Flodden. 
It is farther corroborative of this, that in 1518, 
Noblestoun was given by SempiU of Fulwood to 
his son Robert, and Margaret CrauAmi, his wife, 
apparently on their marriage. Craufurd, in his 
account of the family of Noblestoun, calls the lady 
" a daughter of the house of Auchinames,*^ — a 
mode of expression which would not have been 
used had she been the daughter of the chief of 
that house. 

YI. James Craufiird of Auchinames, who had 
a charter of the lands of Corsebie and Munnock 
in 1498, and appears in other charters dated in 
1526 and 1533. He was succeeded by his son, 

Vn. Thomas Craufiird of Auchinames, whose 
name occurs in the Books of Adjournal, Nov. 13, 
1537, so that he must have succeeded before that 
period. In 1539, he obtained a gift of the non- 



entries of the lands of Aaldmuir, said to have 
beea a Kimdred years in arrear. He married 
Marion, daughter of Montgomerie of Hazelhead, 
by whom he had three sons, aU in succession lairds 
of Auchinames. He died in 1541, and was suc- 
ceeded by the eldest son, 

Vlii. John Craufurd of Auchinames, who was 
killed at the battle of Pinkie, Ist September 1574, 
and was succeeded by his brother, 

IX. William Craufurd of Auchinames. Ho 
married Annabella, daughter of Chalmers of Gad- 
girth, by whom he had a son, James, who died 
before himself, but who had previously married 
Elizabeth, daughter of William, sixth Earl of 
Glencaim. The marriage contract is dated 2d 
September, 1579. As part of the tocher, the 
aiud noble Earl boimd himself ^' to pay to James 
Craufurd of Auchinames the sowme of £1000 
Soots, within the paroch kirk of Irvine, &c. And 
also the said Erie binds himself to hald and ho- 
norabillie sustein the said Elisabeth in familie 
with tiiame togidder with the said James Craw- 
fiird of Auchinames, with his gentilman and vn- 
der serwane to ilk ane of thame, ffor all the tyme 
and space of thrie yeiris nixt eflir the compleit- 
ing of the said marriage at Finlaystoun." James 
Craufurd of Auchinames died soon after the 
marriage.* He left an only daughter, Jean Craw- 
furd, bom in 1582, upon whom were settled the 
lands of Corsbie, and of whom afterwards. On 
the death of William Craufurd, he was succeeded 
in the barony of Auchinames by his brother, 

X. Patrick Crauftird, who also succeeded his 
nephew, James, in the lands of Auldmuir and 
Whiteside, both in 1585. He married a daughter 
of Frazer of Knock, by whom he had his succes- 

XI. William Craufurd of Auchinames, who mar- 
ried Margaret, daughter of Sir Patrick Houstoun 
of that Ilk. He appears to have died before 1611, 

Dame Margaret Houstone, Ladie Auch- 



oemis," occurs in the testament of Hew Boyd in 
Kirktoun, who died in April of that year, as a cre- 
ditor for the *^ hymn dewties of the ballis thrie- 
flcoir sax punds." In the same document appears 

^' Craufurd of Auchnemis, zounger, for 1611 

zeiris dewtie of the ballis xl lib.^* Lady Auch- 
inames survived her husband till 1642, as witness 
her latter- will : 

^^ Legade. — ^At Auchinames, the xiiii day of 
May Jai vi c. fourtie twa zeiris. The quhilk day 
I, Dame Margaret Houstoun, relict of vmquhile 
William Craufuird of Auchinames, &c. ordaining 

* The laid Elizabeth Cuninghame was married secondly 
to Alexander Cuninghame of Craigends. The marriage 
took place in 1&8G or 1587. 

my bodio and corps to be bureid amange the 
fiuthfiill with my said husband at Kilbarchane, 
vpone the charges eflerspecifit. Thrbgh guid to 
mak and set doune this my latterwill and testa- 
ment as followis. To wit, in the first, I have maid 
and constitute, &c., Patrik Craufuird of Auchin- 
names, Elizabethe Craufiiird, my loveing bdme, 
and Elizabethe Naper, my oy, all thrie conjunct 
equaU and vniversall executouris, &c. And leist 
ony questioune sould aryse, I have declared and 
devydit, and lefl in legacie as followis, viz. In the 
first I ordane the sowme of thrie hundrithe merks 
money, loying besyd me, to be taiken and be- 
stowit vpone my said honest buriall. Item, I 
have gevin and left in fne gift presentlie, and 
left in legacie, to Williame Craufiird, appeirand 
of Auchinames, my oy, ane sylwir tas, or cowpe, 
ane sylwir futtit cope, an xi silwir spones, to be 
keipit be him with the hous of Auchinames as 
ane memoriall. Item, I leive and presentlie give 
to the said Elizabeth Craufurd, my dochter, and 
Elizabeth Naper, my oy, equallie betuizt thame, 
all the inspreche, &c. of my hous, being within 
the dooris, except my best fumeisched fedder 
bed, domik buird claithe, capbuird, and the 
mekill kist above, quhilk I Idt and presentlie 
gevin and delyverit to the said Patrik Crauftiird 
of Auchinames, my eldest sone, &c. Be thir 
presents, wryttin be James Craufuird, sone law- 
full to the said Patrik Craufuird of Auchinames, 
my oy, and subscryvit with my hand at Auchin- 
ames, &c.* Befoir thir witnesses, Johne and 
Patrik Craufiiirdis, my oyes, and Johnne How 
of Damptoune. Sic subscribitur, I, Dame Mar- 
garet Houstoun, &C. with my hand at the pen, 
&c., becaus I can nocht wryt myself, &c." 

From this document it appears, that William 
Crauford of Auchinames and his spouse had issue : 

1. Patrick, who raoceeded. 

2. Elizabeth, married to Sir Alexander Napier of Law- 
restone. Knight, and had issae a daughter, EUzabeth.f 

Xn. Patrick Craufurd of Auchinames, as ap- 
pears from the foregoing documents, succeeded 
his father before 1611. He married his cousin, 
Jane Craufurd, heiress of Corsbie, by which union 
the ancient estates of Auchinames and Corsbie 
were again united. *^They had a numerous 
issue,^* says Robertson, '^ of whom one of the 
daughters was married to Frazer of Knock.^* This 

« He was a notary-pablic. 

t This daughter died " ane zoung woman unmarried," 
within the burgh of Glasgow, in 1 660. Her whole ** guldis 
and gelr " consisted of '* ane pair of virginallis esttmat to 
xl lib." In her testament she is called Margaret, so mncli 
for the accuracy of the Commissary Court. "James Crau- 
fhrd, sone lawfhll to umquhill Patrike CrauiHird of Anch- 
names, and Elizabeth Crauftird, sister-germane to the said 
umquhiU Patrike,** were appointed her only executors. 



does not appear, however, firom the hitter-will of 
Patrick, who died in the month of January 1649. 

'* Legacies. — ^At Corsbie, the zii day of De- 
cember 1648 zeiris. The quhilk day I, Patrik 
Crawfurde of Auchinames, being seik in bodie, 
&c. Item, I make, nominat, and constitute Jeane 
Crauford, my loveing spous, executrix, yniver- 
sale intromitterix with all and sundrie guidis, 
geir, &c. perteining to me, &c. Quhilks debtis 
and sowmes of money I ordane to be payit, in 
ordour as they are abovewrittin. And being so 
done, I, for the faythfoll and loveing dewtie 
kcipit and done to me be my said spous thir 
manie zeiris bygane, and for the love I have and 
aw to hir, I have frielie disponet and left in le- 
gaoie to hir, hir aires, exeeutrixis and assigms, 
all and sindrie my foirsiudis guidis, &c. And 
leist seditious persones sould contradict thir pre- 
sents directlie or indirectlie I ordane the same to 
stand firme and stable as ane law to ail over 
quhome I have fayrlie power, according to the 
trew meaning therof, wnder all hiest paine that 
I may impoise. Be thir presents, wrettin be 
James Crawfurd, my sone, and subscryvit with 
my hand, at day, zeir and place foirsaid, befoir 
thir witnesses, Wm. Crawfurd, younger of Auch- 
inames, my sone. Rot. Huntare, younger of Hun- 
terstone, my sone in law, and Robert Crawfurd 
of Nayther Maynes, also my lawfull sone,*' &c. 

Amongst the ^* Debts awand Out " mentioned 
in the testament, occur the names of *' Margaret 
Crawfurd, my second lawfull dochter," *^ Johne 
Crawfurd, my sone," ** Mr Hugh and Jeane 
Crawfurdis, my baimes,'' " Patrik Crawfurd, 
also my sone,** and ^^ Eatherine Crawfurd, my 
youngest dochter.** 

There were in all six sons and three daughters 

of this marriage, viz. : — 

1. William, who wm infeft in the 12 pond land of 
Auchinames, 12th Kaj 1649. 

3. James, W.S., and father to Fatriok CrauAird, Conn- 
sellor-of-Law, London. 

5. Captain Bobert of Nethermaini, in Kilwinning Pa- 

4. John. 

6. Patrick. « 

6. Hr Hogfa, minister at Conmock, and grandlather of 
Hngh OraoAird of Gairive. 

1. Jcane. 

3. Margaret, married to Bobert Hunter of Hnnterstonn. 

8. Katharine. 

Xm. William Craufiird of Auchinames was 
infefl in the twelve pound land of Auchinames in 
1649. He married Anna, daughter of Sir Coll 
Lament of Ineryne, in Argyleshire, by whom he 
had a son and three daughters — ^the latter were 
respectively married to Houston of Houstoun, 
Kennedy of Kilhenzie, and Boyd of Trochrig. He 
was succeeded by, 

XIV. Archibald Craufurd of Auchinames, his 

only son. His retour is dated 20th April 1676. 
He was imprisoned on the 80th July 1683, on 
suspicion of being concerned in the affiur of 
Bothwell-Brig ; and again indicted 1 st April 1684, 
but the charge was deserted simpliciter. He 
married, first, Margaret, second daughter of Por- 
terfield of Duchal, or of that Ilk. The mar* 
riage contract is dated 16th October 1672. Her 
tocher was £8000 Scots. Issue of this marriage : 

1. William, who snoceeded. 

3. Anna, married to James Bruce of Powfbwls, to whom 
she had issue. 

8. Jean, married to Patrick Craufhird, merchant, Edin- 
boigh, afterwards of Dromsoy,* and had issae. 

4. Margaret, married to " a worthy man, ahout, 1720 
Yonng of KiUicantie." 

He married, secondly, in 1696, AnnabeUa Stewart, 
daughter of John Stewart, younger, of Blackball, 
who died in his father^s lifetime. Of this mar- 
riage there was no issue. She had previously 
been married to William Porterfield of that Hk, 
to whom she had issue. She was living in 1701, 
when a marriage contract between her daughter, 
Jean Porterfield, and James Farquhar of Gil- 
milnscrof);, was drawn out. In that document 
the bride^s mother is styled *^ Annable Stewart, 
now Dowager of Auchinames.*' The bride's 
tocher was 8000 merks Scots. 

His only son, William, married Helen, daugh- 
ter of Sir Thomas Burnet of Crimond, Physician 
to King William, and brother to Bishop Burnet, 
by whom he had only one daughter, Helen, who 
married Patrick Edmonston of Newton, and had 
issue. He died, in 1695, before his fiither; when 
an arrangement was made, by which the estates of 
Auchinames and Corsbie were retained to Jane, 
the second daughter of his father, Archibald, and 
to her husband, Patrick, the male representative 
of the Craufiiirds of Drumsoy. Patrick Crau- 
fiaird of Drumsoy and Auchinames died in 1733, 
and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, 

XY. Patrick Craufiiird of Drumsoy and Auch- 
inames, member for the county of Ayr in 
1741 and 1747, and for Renfrewshire in 1761. 
He married, first, Elizabeth, daughter and co- 
heir of George Middleton, Esq., a, banker in 
London, and had two sons, 

1. John, his heir. 

2. James, Col. in the Guards, and Goyemorof Bermoda. 
He died s. p. in 1811. 

He married, secondly, Sarah, daughter of Lord 

Sempill, by whom he had a daughter, Sarah, who 

died unmarried in 1796. He died in 1778, and 

was succeeded by his eldest son,] 

XVI. John Craufuird of Drumsoy and Auch- 

■ Sec the acooont of CranAiird of Drumsoy, parish of 
Coylton, vol. i, p. 827. 



inames, M.F. for Old Sarum in theParliAment of 
1768, and afterwards for the countj of Renfrew, 
in the Parliament which assembled in October 
1774. This gentleman, who was the associate 
and friend of Charles James Fox, diednmnarried 
in 1814, and was snoceeded hy his cousin, 

XVUL John CrauAird of Auchinames and 
Crosbie, who, in 1814, was served heir to his 
great-grand&ther, John Craufuird of Drumsoy 
and Auchinames. He married Sophia-Marianna, 
daughter of Major-General Horace Churchill, 
and great-granddaughter of Sir Robert Walpole, 
and has issue: — 

1. Edwutl-Henry-John, born in 1816. 

2. Frederiek-AiiiSQBtiifl-Biicluuian, bom in 1822. 
S. Bobeit-Emiliiu-Fazakerley, bom in 1824. 

4. George Ponsonby, bom in 1826. 

1. Katherine-Horatia. 

2. GeoigianapJanet 

AriM — Quarterly; 1st and 4th, gules, a fesse, 
ermine; 2d, a stages head, erased, gules; Sd, ar- 
gent, two spears in saltier, between four spots of 

CresU — ^A stag's head, erased, gules, between 
die attires a cross-crosslet fitch^; 2d, aphceniz, 
proper, rising from the flames. 

Mottoes— TuUxm te robore reddam ; and, Cod 
show the right. 

Seat — ^The proper seat of the family is Crosbie 
Castle, now in ruins; but they possess a neat cot- 
tage residence in the immediate Ticinity of the 
Old Castle of Portincross, which is also their 


The lands of Carlung, lying conterminous with 
the village of Kilbride, formed part of the church 
lands of the collegiate church of Kilmaurs. At 
the Reformation, they fell into the hands of the 
Earl of Glencaim. Drummilling, the other por- 
tion of the church lands, were gifted to the Lord 
Boyd. Carlung, long afterwards, continued in 
the possession of a cadet of the Glencaim family. 
The first of the branch was, 

L HuQH CxnfiNGHAMF., third son of William, 
fourth Earl of Glenc<dm. He had previously 
possessed the lands of Watterstoun, near Eil- 
harchan, in Renfrewshire, which, in 1588, he had 
obtained from his &ther, then Lord Kilmaurs. 
The next* we find mentioned was, 

n. Archibald Cuninghame of Watterstoune 

* Robertson Boppoees tbat there was another* Hn^h, In 


who was killed by the followers of Lord Eglin- 
toun, during the feud which so long prevailed 
between the Cuninghames and Montgomeries. 
As this occurred towards the dose of the six- 
teenth century, the next no doubt was, 

ni. Bobert Cunynghame, elder of Watter- 
stone, whose name occurs in the list of ^^ Debtis 
awand to the deid,^' in the testament of Alexan- 
der Cunynghame, elder, merchant in Irvine, who 
died in 1611. His son, ^^ Allexr. Conynghame, 
zounger of Watteifetoun, Jeane and Sara Con- 
ynghames, his sisteris,** are mentioned in the list 
of " Debtis awand be the deid," in the testament 
of ^* Jeane Forterfield, spous to Williame Muire, 
zounger of Rowallane," who died in 1612. Robert 
Cuninghame of Watterstoun was alive in 1618, 
in which year his name occurs in another testa- 
mentary document. He appears to have died, 
however, before December 1622. He had thus, 
at least, three children: 

1. Alexander, hia snooessor. 

2. Jean. 
8. Sarah. 

rV. Alexander Cuninghame of Watterstotme 
occurs in the testament of *^ James Conynghame 
of Aischinzairdis," who died in December 1622; 
also in that of Robert Boyd of Portincross, who 
died in March 1634, where he is mentioned as the 
father-in-law of the deceased. He had thus a 
daughter, Elizabeth^ besides his heir, 

y. Alexander Cuninghame of Carlung, who, 
on the 18th Februaxy 1658, was served heir to his 
father, Alexander Cuninghame of Carlung and 
Watterstoun, in the corn-mill of Drummilling. 
It must have been this Alexander, and not his 
" father,^' as stated by Robertson, who married, 
about the year 1640, a daughter of Patrick Hun- 
ter of Hunterstoun. He was succeeded by his 
next brother, 

YI. Joseph Cuninghame of Carlung, whose 
retour is dated 18th March 1664. He was suc- 
ceeded by his only remaining brother, 

Vn. Henry Cuninghame of Carlung, who was 
served heir to his brother, last mentioned, in the 
corn-mill of Drummilling, June 11, 1674. He 
married Dorothea, daughter of Patrick Hunter 
of Hunterstoun, by which marriage he had ninia 
sons and six daughters. Of the daughters, two 
were married: 

1. Marion, nuuried to John Boyd, of the family of Pit- 


2. Anna, married to Robert Fullarton of Overton. 
He was succeeded, before the year 1704, by his 
eldest son. 

snooession, fifom his finding the name recorded in a charter 
of John Cuninghame of Caddell, in 1573; hot this was 
probably the first Hugh of Watterstoun. 



VIII. James Cuninghame of Carlung, who 
appears in the list of Commissioners of Supply, 
5th August 1704. It is uncertain whether he 
ever was married, but he was succeeded hj his 
immediate younger brother, 

IX. Alexander Cuninghame of Carlung, who, 
by a precept of Chancery, dated November 14, 
1 724, was infeft heir in special to his fiither, Henry 
Cuninghame of Carlung, in the corn-mill of 
Qrummilling. He married, about the year 1728, 
Margaret Wallace, but left lio surviving issue, 
for he was succeeded by his next and only bro- 

X. Henry Cuninghame of Carlung, who is a 
subscribing witness to a deed dated January 6, 
1739. He died unmarried, when the estate de- 
volved upon his sister, 

XI. Marion Cuninghame of Carlung, the last 
remaining child of her &ther, Henry Cuninghame 
of Carlung, and Dorothea his wife. She married, 
as already stated, John Boyd, of the Fitoon fa- 
iiuly, by whom she had a son, 

Xn. John Boyd of Carlung, who succeeded his 
mother in that property. He was brought up to 
a* mercantile life, and passed a number of his 
younger years in America. On his return, he 
settled at Carlung, which he greatly improved, 
and built the present house. He acquired the 
adjoining lands of Corse from James Fullarton of 
Corse, which had been alienated by his maternal 
uncle, Alexander Cuninghame of Carlung. He 
married Elizabeth Hunter, daughter of Robert 
Hunter of Eirkland, by whom he had two sons, 
John and William, who died young; and two 
daughters, Jean and Marian, of whom afterwards. 
He died in 1786, and was succeeded by his only 
remaining son, 

Xin. John Boyd of Carlung, who did not long 
survive his father, as he died in 1792. He was 
succeeded by his two sisters, 

XIV. Jean and Marion Boyd, heirs-portioners 
of Carlung. Jean, the eldest, previous to her 
brother^s death, was mamed to her cousin, Ro- 
bert Hunter of Kirkland. Marion married the 
Rev. Robert Steele, minister of the West Parish 
of Greenock, and had issue one son and eight 

In 1799, the lands of Carlung and Corse were 
alienated by the two heiresses to Archibald Alex- 
ander of Boydston, whose family still possess 

The modem house of Carlung is planted in a 
commanding situation, within a mile north-west 
of the village of Kilbride. The old mansion, sup- 
posed to have been built in 1560, was situated 
about a hundred yards northward of it. 


Kirktounhall is a small property adjoining the 
village of West Kilbride. The name is obviously 
derived from the situation of the dwelling-house 
— ^which is comparatively of recent construction — 
near to the street of the Kirktoun, The house, 
as well as the property, derive interest from the 
fact of their having at one time belonged to Pro- 
fessor Simson of Glasgow, the celebrated restorer 
of Euclid. The progenitors of this eminent indi- 
vidual are said to have resided from time imme- 
morial at the toun, or farm, of North Thirdpart, 
on the estate of Ardneill. The first of the Sim- 
sons of Kirktounhall mentioned in the writs of the 
property, however, was 

I. RoBEBT SiMSON of Kirktounhall. Upon a 
tombstone in the churchyard of Kilbride, dated 
1695, he is designed *' writer in Kilbryde.'' In 
the year 1660, he built the house called Kirk- 
tounhall. Who he married does not i^pear, but 
her initials, ^^ M. W.,^' are recorded on tiie tomb- 
stone, as well as on a sun-dial, designed by Dr 
Simson, the remans of which still exist in the 
garden of Kirktounhall. From an entry in the 
Parish Register of Kilbride, it would appear that 
his son had succeeded to the property, in, or prior 
to, the year 1724. 

n. John Simson of Kirktounhall, there is 
reason to suppose, was a younger son of the 
family,* and that, about the above date, he suc- 
ceeded an elder brother, who had then died with- 
out issue. He was regularly bred a merchant in 
Glasgow, and became a member of the Merchant 
House in 1683, the date of his burgess ticket. 
About the year 1685, he married Agnes, daugh- 
ter of the Rev. Patrick Simpson, minister of Ren - 
few, by Agnes Hay, daughter of John Hay of 
ReHfield. By this lady he had the extraordinary 
fiunily of seventeen sons, without any daughters. 
Only six of them, however, came to manhood: 

1. Robert, the oelebnted profeeaor, and suooessor to his 

2. Patrick, who was educated fbr the church, and after- 
wards settled minister at Coventry, in England. 

8. Thomas Simson, M.D., Professor of Medicine in tbe 
College of St Andrews, known by several professional 
works. He married, about 1734, a danghter of Sir 
John Flesfcon of Prestonhall, in the county oi F1fe,t 
by whom he had four sons and two daoghten : 

* In Bobertson's * Ayrshire Famih'es,' the writer saya : 
** A letter, which I have seen, addressed to him by Fn>> 
fessor Simson, his son, dated * Glasgow, December 97. 
1733,' is thus superscribed, ' To Mr John Simson, merchant 
in Glasgow, at West Kilbryde ; ' and fai which letter tbe 
writer makes particolar inquiry for the health of his unele^ 
with whom his father appears to have been up(m a visit. 
In this letter, Dr Simson also mentions his mother as bcias 
then living.** 

t Sir John was forfeited in 1715. 



1. John, died ttmuurried. 

3. Bobert, who wm educated for the medical profes- 
sloti, and ultiinately settled as a phyidcian In Co- 
ventry, where ha maciled hia ooosln-germaa, Anne, 
daughter of hia nnde, the Key. Patrick Simaon, by 
whom he had three sons and two danghten. 

8. Patrick, a deigyman of the Church of Scotland, 
who died unmurled. 

4. James, IIJ)^ who snoeeeded his fkther as Professor 
of Medicine in the College of St Andrews. He died 

1. Agnes, manfed toProftssorWllsonof St Andrews, 
to whom she had a fhmily. One of the daughters 
was the first wife of the late Lord Jeffrey, of dis- 
tinguished memory. 

9. Fkvston, married to Professor Craigie of St An> 
drews, and had issue. 

i. John Simeon, bred a writer in Edinburgh, who after- 
wards became chamberlain to the Lord Elphinston. 
He married Agnes, second daughter of John Frentioe, 
merchant in Glasgow, by Annabel, daughter of Por- 
terfleld of Duchal, and obtained with her the lands of 
Wester Balloch, Dunbartonshire, by whom he had a 
large femily, none of whom married, saye two sons 
and a daughter. 

ft. Matthew Slmson, a merchant in Glasgow, where he 
resided, and died 20th Noyember 1769. He married, 
in 1724, Marion, eldest danghter of John Prentice 
and Annabella his wife, tiy whom he had nine sons 
and one daughter, none of whom married, saye one 
daughter, Marion, married to Michael Ersldne, mer- 
chant in Glasgow. 

6. William Simeon, the youngest of the six sons, went 
to sea, and obtained the command of a merchant 
He died unmarried. 

John Simson of KirktounliaU acquired the lands 
of Knoekeward, in the parish of Ardroasan, from 
William Mure of Caldwell, in 1713. He died, as 
appears from the Session Records of Kilbride, in 
the spring of 1731, and was succeeded in the 
property of EirktounhaU hy his eldest son, 

m. Robert Simson, M.D., Professor of Ma- 
thematics in the University of Glasgow, who, 
March 14, 1732, obtained a precept of Clare Con- 
ttat of the '* ^fty shilling land of the five pound 
land of Overtoun, formerly called the south and 
east quarters, with the mansion-house, &c. of the 
same, now passing by the name of Kirktounhall.'** 
Dr Simson was bom on the 14th of October, O.S. 
1687. His career as a scholar, and the ability 
with which he filled the Mathematical Chair of 
the College of Glasgow for a period of fifty-eight 
years, are too well known to require repetition 
here.t Br Simson died at Glasgow in his 81st 
year, in the month of October 1768, and was in- 
terred in the Blackfriars* burying-ground, where 
a marble tablet is placed in the wall to his me- 
mory. He was never married, and his valuable 
collection of mathematical works were left as a 
legacy to the College of Glasgow. He was suc- 
ceeded in the property of Kirktounhall by 

* Title-deeds of the inoperty. 

t See an "Account of the Life and Writhigs of Dr 
Simson* by the Bev. Wm. Trail. LL D.,** ftc. 4to. Lon- 
don. 1812. 


IV. ^* Robert Simson, eldest, or only son of 
his nephew, Dr Robert l^mson, physician in Co- 
ventry." Mr Simson, the direct representative 
of the fiunily, was educated at Oaford, and en^ 
tered firom thence into the army. He was an 
officer m the 9th light dragoons, and subsequently 
in the 2d regiment of foot; but he ultimately re- 
turned to Oxford, where he obtained the degree 
of LL.B., and entering into holy orders, became 
vicar of St MichaeFs in Coventry, to which living 
he was presented by the late distinguished states- 
man William Pitt. He married Miss Tandy, an 
English lady. 

ArTiia^ in the possession of a descendant of the 
family — ^Argent, on a chief vert, three crescents 
of the first. 

Crest-'A Fraze, argent, allusive to the descent 
of the name Simson from the Erasers, as is gene- 
rally held. 

Motto — Semper virens. 

The property of Kirktounhall was purchased 
by Captain lUtchie from the representative of 
Professor Robert Simson in 1789, and now be- 
longs to Francis Caldwell Ritchie, Esq., his ne- 


This fiunily is derived, by immediate descent, 
firom that of Hunterstoun. 

I. Robert Huhteb, second son of Robert 
Himter of Hunterstoun, by Elizabeth, daughter 
of William Craufiurd of Auchinames. He studied 
for the ministry, and was placed at Eilbryde be- 
fore 1688. He bought the lands of Kirkland 
firom Craufiird of Craufrtrdland, his wife^s unde, 
in 1686. He married, in 1675, Margaret, daughter 
of John Hamilton of Grange, near Kilmarnock, 
and had issue : — 

1. Robert Hunter of Khrkland. 

3. Margaret, married to Mr William Caatlelaw (son 
probably of Mr William Oastlelaw, minieter at Stew- 
arton about 1660) in 1718. 

8. Rebecca, married to Mr Robert Cameron, minliter of 
Beith. He died In 1786. His relict collected bia 
stipends, as reoetved fh>m George Kerr of Dookray, 
for payment of bia teinds for 1786. Receipt dated at 
Malnshill, 6th Febnuuy, 1786. 

4. Elisabeth, married to JobnMontgomerie of Barradger, 
In Beith parish, in 1720, second son of Robert Mout- 
gomerie of Cralghonse, and grandson of Montgomerie 
of Bogstonn. Issne.*— 

1. John, who went to sea and died unmarried. 

9. Gavin, smgeon, who died at Antigoain 1760. 

8. Captain Rd>ert, bom in 1738, died onmarried. 

4. Margaret, died unmarried. 

6. Rebecca, bom, in 1736, at Barradger, and married 
to William Wilson, merchant in Kilmamock. She 
died in 1814, aged 86. She had previously con< 


PARISH OF WSflT KlLlliaDfi. 

▼ojed Bamulger to Ueut. Odonel Cameron, Ayr, 
her klnaxnan.* 

Afr Hunter demitted hie charge 8d May 1698, 
and died before 1718. 

n. Robert Hunter of KirVland, who purchased 
part of the lands of Drummilling, adjacent to his 
own, which still remains in the fiunily. He mar- 
ried Margaret, daughter of Bailie Munro of Ir- 
vine, hy whom he had: 

1. Qwrgt, who suooeeded him. 

1. Hai^garet, married to William Cminghame, son of 
Cmiiiigfaaine of MonktonhilL 

2. Elizabeth, married to John Boyd of Garlong. 

IL George Hunter of Kirkland. He married, 
first, his cousin, Dorothea, daughter of John 
Boyd, of the Pitcon family, by whom he had se- 
veral children, who all died young, except his 
son, who succeeded him. He married, secondly, 
Mary, daughter of Cuninghame of Monktonhall 
(another near relative), by whom he had also 
several children, most of whom, save a daughter, 
Dorothea, died in early life. His son, 

rv. Robert Hunter of Eirkland, succeeded 
him. In 1791, he married his cousin, Jean Boyd 
Cuning^uime, eldest daughter of John Boyd of 
Carlung. Ihis lady died on the S4th of March 
1825. Issue: 

• ueorge. 
2. Bobert. 

1. Jean. 

2. Marion, who mairied, lat Fehmary 1 83ft, John Wood- 
h>p of Dalmamock,t maternally descended of the 
fkmily of Hamilton of Holmhead. 

Residence — Kirkland House, in the village of 

Arms — Same as Hunterstoun, with a mark of 

Tarhet, — ^The Bosses of the barony of Tarbet 
Were a branch of the once powerful family of that 
name, who held large possessions in Cuninghame, 
Under the Baliols, and in whose reverses the most 
of them participated. The Rosses of Tarbet, 
a property extending to about 500 acres, however, 

^ The moiramental stone in Ayr Kirkyard no doabt 
lefen to this family : — *■ Erected, 1819, in memory of 
Captain Cameron and his spouse, Mary Adair, daaghter of 
William Adair of Prestwickshaws, and granddaughter of 
the Rev. William Adair, minister of Ayr. Also, in me- 
mory of Capt Thomas Hnmble, wiio died 11th Nov. 1819, 
hteband of their danghter, Bebeoca; and of their son, 
Lieat-Colonel Bobert Cameron, of the Hon. East India 
Company'a Service, who died 11th Aug. 1836." 

t ■* Alexander Wardrop of Dalmamock," in 167S, was 
fined in 50 merks tot attending conventicle8.-~LAW'8 Me- 


continued in possession of it until the year 1460,* 
when they alienated it to their namesake, Boas of 
Hawkhead. It belongs now to the Earl of Eglin- 

Orchard^ on which stands Law Tower, one of 
the seats of the £jlmamock fiunily, derived its 
name, no doubt, from its actually having been the 
orchard belonging to that great mansion. It is 
supposed by Bobertson that the tower was erected 
*^ about the year 1 648) when Thomas, the Master 
of Boyd, married the Princess Mary, sister to 
James HI., and was then created Earl of Arran. 
It is so &r certain, 'that there is a charter on re* 
cord, dated the 14th October 1482, of the lands 
of Kilbride, Dairy, Nodesdale, Kilmarnock, &c, 
to that Princess, in liferent, and to her son, James 
Lord Boyd, in fee; on none of which places was 
there a house equal in magnificence to this, or so 
suitable for a lady of her rank.'* It is a stately 
fabric, well lighted, one of the sides containing 
eight windows, and in evidence of its compara- 
tively modem construction, it is furnished with 
gun-ports in its lower story. This pleasant little 
property was acquired by Bobert Boyd of Dyke- 
head, ix^ 1759, from the Misses Baillie, whose pre- 
decessor, William Baillie, acquired the whole 
barony of Kilbride from Mtyor Buntine, in 1714. 
Bobert Boyd, the purchaser, was succeeded in 
Orchard by his son, Thomas Boyd of Orchard, 
who, dying without male heirs, it fell to his two 

Sprtngside. — ^This rattier extensive property, 
consisting of about 200 acres, formed part of the 
barony of Kilbride. It was purchased, m 1790, 
fit)m Mr James Fairie, in Irvine, by Mr Bobert 
Hyndman, of the Hyndmans of Lunderston in 
Benfrewshire — ^a family of long standing and re- 
spectability. He married Jean, daughter of Tho- 
mas Boyd of Orchard, and was succeeded by his 
son, John Blair Hyndman, Esq., W.S., of Spring- 
fflde and Burrowland. He never practised the 
law, but lived at Springside as a country' gentle- 
man, and died unmarried in 1844.* He left a 
natural daughter, Margaret Blair Hyndman, 
mairied to John Ritchie, Esq. of Seamill, second 
son of Francis Caldwell Ritchie, Esq. of Kirk- 

Boydstcn, — This estate, the property of Archi- 
bald Boyd, Esq., who resides at Carlung, extends 
to about 200 acres, and is the most southerly in 
the parish. It is attached, quoad sacra^ to the 
parish of Ardrossan. 

• Hietory of Bcnft^wshire. 



Ths name of the town and parish of Kilmarnock 
is evidently derived from the church, which ^^ was 
dedicated to Saint Maraock, a Scottish saint of 
very early times, who was commemorated on the 
25th of October, on which day there was formerly 
held at Kilmarnock an annual fair, now held on 
the third Wednesday of October/' The parish is 
abont nine miles in length, and four in breadth, 
— the number of superficial acres, 8340. It is 
bounded on the east by Loudoun ; on the north 
and west by Fenwick and Kilmaurs; and on the 
south by die river Irvine, which separates the 
Presbyteries of Ayr and Irvine, and divides the 
^strict of Cnninghame from that of Kyle. The 
parish was originally of much greater extent, 
comprehending the whole of the parish of Fen- 
wick, which was detached from it in 1641. 

The appearance of the parish is that of a rich 
and highly cultivated country, presenting few 
rugged or barren spots. It may be considered 
as a phun, somewhat undulated, the valley of the 
water of Kihnamock, running from east to west, 
alone presenting anything of the picturesque in 
scenery. There are no lochs or streams of any 
extent, save that of the Kilmarnock water, in the 
parish. The soil, as described by a former writer, 
is strong and rich, " consisting of day, with a 
mixture of sand; and near the moors, some moss. 
Hiere are some fine holms along the banks of the 
Irvine, consisting of sand and fine loam, brought 
down by the river, and left on its banks by the 
floods.'' On the south and west, the soil is lighter 
than towards the north. The introduction of 
tile-druning, in 1820, by the Duke of Portland, 
one of the most extensive proprietors in the pa- 
rish, has vastly improved die capabilities of the 
soil; and it may well be said that nowhere has 
agriculture been carried on with more success 
than m the parish of Kilmarnock, where a society 

for promoting the science was established so early 
as 1792. In the northern part of the parish there 
are considerable plantations, but few of any con- 
sequence towards the south and west. 


Kilmarnock, whether of ihe parish or the towOf 
dates back, no doubt, to an early period; but it 
does so ciiiefly in reference to its ecclesiastical 
history. The site of the church of St Mamock 
may have been that of a Druidical temple— for it 
is well known that the early promoters of Chris- 
tianity everywhere, as well as in this country, 
judiciously endeavoured to plant the cross in the 
locality, if not upon the very spot, where the fires 
of Baal had previously burned. The history of 
the church of Kilmarnock cannot, however, be 
traced, with any degree of certainty, before the 
erection of the monastery of Kilwinning, in the 
twelfUi century, to which it became an appendage. 
Pont, in his description of Cuninghame, states, 
that *' it was built by the Locartes, lords of it 
[the barony] and dedicat to a holy man, Memock, 
as vitnesess the records of Kilvinin Abbey."* 

^* The church of Kilmarnock," says Chalmers, 
'* belonged of old to the Monastery of Kilwinning. 
The monks enjoyed the tithes and the other reve- 
nues, and found a curate to serve the cure. As 
the perish was formerly large, and a great part 
of it fertile, the produce of the tithes was con- 
siderable. At the Reformation, the monks en- 
joyed, as an income firom the tithes of Kilmarnock, 
347 bolls 2 firlots and 1 peck of meal; 21 bolls 
2 firlots and 1 peck of bear; and £33, 6s. 8d. in 
money — ^bdng the rent of a part of the tithes, 
which were leased for payment of that sum yearly. 

• It is much to be regretted that tlie charters of Kilwin- 
ning Abbey have either been destroyed or lost. 



The lands which belonged to the chnrch of Eil- 
mamock passed into lay hands after the Befor- 
mation. J n 1 6 1 9, Archbishop Spottiswoode, who 
was the commendator of £jlwinning, transferred 
the patronage of the church, with the tithes of 
Kilmarnock, to Robert Lord Boyd,* who was 
proprietor of the lordship of Kilmarnock; and he 
obtained a charter from the king of this property 
in August 1619. The patronage continued, at 
the end of the seventeenth century, in this fiunily. 
In the eighteenth century, the patronage passed 
from the Earl of Kilmarnock to the Earl of Glen- 
cairn, from whom it was purchased, about the 
year 1790, by Miss Scott, late Duchess of Port- 
land, to wldch family the patronage still be- 
longs." M'Kay, in his " History of Kilmarnock," 
quotes a very interesting document illustrative of 
the privileges enjoyed by the parishioners of Kil- 
marnock in Popish times. It was translated from 
the original Latin some years ago, for one of the 
local prints, and is as follows: — 

*^ Li the name of God, amen. Be it evidently 
known to all men by this present public instru- 
ment, that in the year of the incarnation of the 
Lord 1547, on the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th 
davs of the month of November, the sixth of the 
Indiction and of the Pontificate of the Most Holy 
Apostolic Father and our Lord Paul HI., by 
Divine providence Pope, the thirteenth year. — 
In presence of us notaries public and witnesses 
subscribed, compeared personally the parishioners 
of the parish Kirk of Kihnamock, to whom the 
election of the parish priest thereof is known of 
full right to belong (quibus electio clerici paro- 
chialis ey'usdem pleno jure dignoscitur pertijiere), 
namely, Allan Cunynghame, James Cunyng- 
hame, senior, John Kirkland, George Tailzeour 
— [Here follow the names of the other parish- 
ioners, amounting to about three hundred in num- 
ber] — neither actuated by force or fear, fallen 
into error, or circumvented by guile, but at their 
own simple, pure, free, and spontaneous good 
will, from their own certain knowledge gave and 
preferred and every one of said parishioners for 
himself separately and successively gave and con- 
ferred, as by the tenor of the present public in- 
strument they give and confer, and eveiy one 
for himself gives and proffers their voices of elec- 
tion, and theb votes for the office of Clerk (or 

* This transfer was originally in the form of a lease, to 
the effect that Robert, sixth Lofd Bojrd, had tack and sett 
of the parsonage teinds and sheaves of the parish of Kil- 
marnock, for nineteen years, fVom .Tohn, Archbishop of 
Sanct Andrews and Abbot of Kilwinning, for nine score 
fifteen lbs. 8s. 3d. usnall money of this rcidme. The lease, 
which is preserved in the Kilmarnock charter chest, is 
dated 27th June 1619. It has the seal of the Abbot of 
Kilwinning attached to it In excellent preservation. 

Priest) of the said parish Kirk of Kibnamock (now 
vacant by the death and departure of umquhile 
Thomas Boyd of Lyne, last Parish Clerk and 
possessor of the said Kirk), to a worthy and distin- 
guished young man, Alexander Boyd, son of a 
renowned man, Bobert Boyd, master of Boyd, 
of Kilmarnock, and they elected and nominated, 
as by the tenor of the present public instrument 
they elect and choose die said Alexander Boyd 
as a proper person in and to the office of Parish 
Clerk of Kilmarnock; and they publicly inducted 
and admitted, as by the tenor of the present pub- 
lie instrument they induct and admit the said 
Alexander, personally present, to the real, ac- 
tual and corporal possession of the said office of 
Clerk of Kilmarnock, by delivery to him of the 
Bell, Cup, and Sprinklers of Holy Water, and 
the keys of the doors of the said Kiric of Kilmar- 
nock, with the accustomed solemnities and cere- 
monies as use is : on the said Alexander, or his 
doer, procurator, or substitute, undertaking and 
performing the duties and services belonging 
to said office during the whole time of his life, 
with all and sundry its rights, revenues, feus, 
teinds, endowments, and profits whatsoever to 
be enjoyed, used, and possessed, without any im- 
pediment, obstacle, or contradiction whatever. 
Upon all and sundry of which, as in the premises, 
the said Master of Boyd, in the name and on the 
part of his foresaid son, asked of us notaries pub- 
Uc subscribing an instrument, or instruments to 
be constructed, — ^These things were done within 
the foresaid parish of Kilmarnock, and parish 
Kirk thereof on the days, in tlie year, month, 
Indiction and Pontificate, as above, in presence 
of Robert Boyd, son of Patrick Boyd of Hun- 
gryhill; John Boyd of Kairstoun; James Cun- 
ynghame of Clonbeith; James Wyllie; and Ro- 
bert Colvile; with several other witnesses called 
and required to the premises. 

^^ Subscribed by Greorge Boyd and Joha 
Parker, notaries, with the usual docquets.*^ 

Such is a brief outline of the ecdesiaatiGal his- 
tory of Kilmarnock. It would be interesting to 
trace the town teom the first plantation of the 
church of Mamock, on the winding banks of a 
rivulet, then unpolluted by anything more impure 
than the floods of winter, but now thick and 
muddy with the debris of a laige population and 
numerous manufactories. In the absence of all 
documentary proof, in the, earlier stages of its 
existence, imagination may be allowed to exercise 
some sway. Besides the church, round which 
most of our towns, villages, and hamlets have 
sprung up, there was a mill in early times at Kil- 
marnock, so that it possessed a combined source 
of attraction to the surrounding neighbourhood. 



M'Kay, the historian of Kilmamock,* establishes 
the fjBCt of the mill verj clearly: *^ The Cross of 
Kilmarnock [one of the most spacious of any town 
in the west of Scotland] was, in early times, the 
site of a corn-mill, which was driven by a lade or 
stream that flowed through the same 8pot.t 
SheeUnghill, or SkeiUnghiU, near the railway sta- 
tion, is so called from being the place where the 
com was dieUd or prepared for grinding. Re- 
garding the exact time of the erection of the mill 
we have no information. It i4>pean, however, 
by the following extract from the town treasurer's 
book, to have been removed about the beginning 
of the eighteenth century : ^ 1703, June 26. — 
Paid to BaDyie Hunter for the street wher the 
mUu stood, £21, 98. 4d. Scots.' t We may likewise 
state, that the name of the last occupant of the 
mill was Rankin, from whom are descended the 
Rankins of Wardnenk, in this parish, and also 
William Rankin, Esq., postmaster of Kilmarnock. 
Hie new mill, at a short distance from the town, 
on the banks of the Irvine, was also occupied at 
one time by the same Rankins, and was built, we 
believe, as a substitute for the one at the cross; 
hence it obtained the name of the new miU»^^ 

The mill and the church of Kilmarnock stood 
thus in dose proximity, and the town seems gra- 
dually to have grown up, clustering round them, 
or lengthening itself along the various roads or 
avenues by which they were approached. Kil- 
marnock had also the advantage of being situated 
on the great line of road leading from Glasgow to 
Ayr, and formed a convenient halting-place or 
stage on the way. The consequence was, that 
the town, as it began to increase, gradually be- 
came elongated out of proportion in the direction 
of the leading thoroughfare, north and south. 
Speaking of Kilmarnock, about the middle of the 
eighteenth century, M*Kay says it had *' a mean 
and inelegant appearance. The streets were 
crooked and narrow; the houses were low and 
poorly lighted; and to many of them that were 
two stories high were attached outside stairs, that 
not only confined the already limited thorough- 
fiu'es, but gave to the houses themselves a rude 
and clumsy aspect. The principal streets at that 
time were those now called High Street, Soulis 
Street, Fore Street, Back Street, Strand Street, 
and Sandbed Street, which, with some buildings 

» A History of Kilnuurnoek, firom an early period to the 
preaent time, ftc By Archibald M*Kay, author of ** Se- 
creationa of Leisure Hoars," &o. Kllmamoclc. 1848. 

t Which lade, having been ooTered over, now serves as 
a drain for carrying away the waste water of the upper 
part of the town. 

X The ** mills of Kilmarnock ** are mentioned in the 
Town Boolu in 1686. 

at the Cross, which was nearly square, Nether- 
tonholm, and a few back tenements and lanes, 
formed the whole of the town." 

The first recorded attempts at improvement 
occur in 1702, shortly after the town had obtiun- 
ed a charter of the common good of the burgh 
firom the Earl of Kilmarnock, when it was en- 
acted, evidently with the view of encouraging 
building, that all feuars were to have liberty to 
raise stones in any part of the Craigs, they being 
always first obliged to acquaint the magistrates. 
In the same year, it appears an act had been passed 
ordering the streets to be causewayed, one of the 
minutes running thus: The Strand, in conformity 
with the act for causewaying, to be causewayed. 
The Earl of Kilmarnock, Lairds of Fergushill, 
Pitcon, and Langlands, together with the Provost* 
of Kilmarnock, order the bailies to proceed with 
the causewaying. 

In 1726 a penn or drain was completed in Strand 
Street, for the sanitary improvment, of course, of 
the locality. 

In 1783 pumps were first erected at the Cross. 
The minute ordering this to be done is dated 
23d July, where it is also stated, that " Bailie 
Gilchrist and widow Black having carried a penn, 
or the syver, near to the well a good length, the 
same to be carried on to Kockmarleoche house," 
&c. But where this h9U8e stood we have no 

In 1735, 11th August, the Tolbooth, then much 
out of repair, was ordered to be renewed. This 
building stood at the comer of Cheapside, and 
was bounded by the water of Kilmarnock. Its 
situation and appearance is well described by 
M^Kay. It ^* was situated west firom the Cross, 
nearly opposite the present Crown Hotel. It 
was a gloomy looking structure, two stories high, 
with shops on the ground floor fiEicing the street. 
Immediately behind these, down a lane at the 
west end of the building, was the Thieves* Hole ; 
and above were two dungeon-like apartments, 
called the Tolbooth, at the stair-head of which 
hung the jitggs, or iron collar, in which petty de- 
linquents were doomed to stand for a given time. 
The part of the upper flat nearest the Cross 
formed the Hall, or Court-house, the entrance 
to which was by a broad outside stair faced with 
a parapet. From the head of this stair the whole 
of the market-place was seen ; and here, on 
public occasions, such as kings* birth-days, the 
Bailies and Councillors, accompanied by the Lord 
of the Manor, would assemble to drink his Ma- 

* We do not find the name of Provost anywhere else 



jesty's health, and give other loyal and patriotic 

There is at least one notable record in the 
Town Books of the accuracy of this statement, 
and that refers to the Hanoverian succession. 
The inhabitants of Kilmarnock have long been 
famed for their constitutional principles, and on 
this occasion they shone conspicuous: — 10th 
Aug. 1714. — ^The said day Bang George was pro- 
claimed in a most solemn manner. The Earl of 
Kilmarnock, his bailies and the gentiemen above 
named* being present, and the haill inhabitants 
standing in array at the Cross, the Coundl-house 
stair-head covered with carpet, a large bonfire at 
the Cross, and ringing of the bells, all the royal 
healths were drank, and several other loyal healths ; 
and the night conduded with the greatest demon- 
stration of joy ; and advertisement put in the 
Gazette thereof. Bailie James Thomson read the 
proclamation to Robert Paterson, who proclaim- 
ed it. 

On the death of Greorge I., in 1727, tiie Earl of 
Ejlmamock sent an express with the intelligence, 
ordering the train-bands to be in readiness to 
prodfum the Prince of Wales as G«orge II. 

The Tolbooth had been in a very indifferent 
state at the time we refer to-— more gloomy and 
incommodious than described by Mr M^Kay. It 
had only one apartment, the '^ Black Hole," for 
the reception of prisoners, male and female, an 
evil which at length engaged the attention of the 
Town Council. 27th August 1787— As ** frequentiy 
men and women are put in the prison promis- 
cuously, and sundry inconveniences occasioned by 
there being only one prison, do agree now, in se- 
paration of the Tolbooth, that one partition be 
made therein, so as there may be two distinct 

There had been a dock and bell attached to 
the Tolbooth at an earlier period than is shown 
by the town records. The first notice we find of it 
occurs 2d Feb. 1780, when Thomas Wallace, gun- 
smith, is appointed keeper of the clodc, and to 
ring the bell, with a salary of 20 merks, and ten 
merks more, to be paid by the Kirk session. In 
1736, when repairs were ordered to be made on 
the Tolbooth, Robert Craig, dockmaker, was 
commissioned to make a new dock, which he 
undertook to do for £25 sterling. 17th Dec. 
1744, the bell was ordered to be rung at six 
o^dock morning, and eight evening. 

A considerable impetus was given to the im- 
provement of the town on the acquisition of the 
lands and superiority of Kilmarnock by the Earl 
of Glencaim in 1749. For example the following 

* We hare omitted the names. 

minute: **22d June 1749.— The Earl of Glen- 
caim, now superior of the burgh, is inclined to 
purchase the whole grounds within the town's en- 
dosure, at the end of the town, next to his wards, 
with Barbadoes Green, that he may the better 
he enabled to extend his policy and improvements 
there, which bemg conridered by the Council, 
and the situation of their right to the same grounds, 
and burden of the ministers' stipend affecting the 
same, and the advantage that may accrae to the 
place by his Lordship being encouraged to re- 
syde in it, they are unanimously of opinion and 
resolve to do all that lyes in their power to serve 
his Lordship in the matter, on reasonable terms, 
and with safety to the town." A committee was 
appointed to treat with the Earl, then in town, 
and the following was the result: 22d June 
1749. — ^The conmiittee met his Lordship. — The 
present rent of the lands being £292 Scots, and 
the stipends payable to the second minister fmth 
thereof and the town's other lands, being £320 
Scots yearly, the said Earl has condescended to 
relieve the Town Coundl of the whole stipend in 
lieu and satisfaction of the price of the hmds; 
whidi bdng considered by the Council, and that 
they reap £28 Scots yearly of benefit by the 
sale, they unanimously resolve to agree to the 
terms, giving Barbadoes to the Earl, reserving, 
however, a feu-right to bleach on the green 
between the houses and the water, and of access 
to the wells. Also to uplift and dispose of the 
annual rent of three thousand five hundred 
merks Scots as a part of the said stipend stipu- 
late by the writs thereof to &11 into the Town 
Council's hands when a vacaBcy happens, &c. 

Those acquainted with the locality will havs 
no difficulty in understanding the extent of the 
ground thus disposed of. Kilmarnock House, 
the polides of which the Earl wished to improTe 
and extend, had been built, or partiy buOt, hj 
the forfeited Earl of Kilmarnock, as a fistmily re- 
sidence after the destruction of Dean Castie, the 
andent stronghold of the barony. 

In 1762 two improvements were suggested, the 
building of the town bridge — ^the one, we pre- 
sume, which still stands, connecting Sandbed 
with the Strand — and the Green Bridge— Uteij 
superseded by a new one. The use of the town 
quarries were to be given for the erection of both ; 
and in the case of the town bridge the Commis- 
sioners of Supply were to be applied to for aid, 
the old bridge ^^ bdng inconvenient." To these 
schemes the Earl of Glencaim was a liberal sub- 

The building of the town bridge, however, does 
not appear to have been carried into effect at 
that time ; for in 1762 we find a minute— March 81 



— ^to the effect that the new bridge shall be 
built on the site of the old — ^the old having be- 
come much injured bj the floods ; and agiun, so 
late as March 1, 1766, the Council resolve to 
^*appfy for one hundred pounds from the shire, 
voted some time ago towitfds building the bridge, 
on condition that a parapet should be built upon 
the Sandbed d^ke, and the flesh-market remored 
therefrom. — Resolve to build a flesh-market, also 
a bridge and parapet at flesh-market, &c* 

Thus w& see that the flesh-market was origin- 
ally held in the Sandbed, and that the present 
flesh-market, with the bridge, was built subse- 
quent to 1766. 

One of the greatest improvements carried into 
eflect by the Earl of Glencaim, was the opening 
np of the new street between Kilmarnock and 
fiiccarton^ together with the square called Glen- 
caim Square, which was done in 1765. 

In March 1770 contributions were entered into 
to build a bridge at David M'Kean's steps. Stones 
were to be allowed flrom the town's quarries and 
winter course, but the bridge was not to be con- 
sidered a town's bridge. We know not whether 
this bridge was ever built. In the same year it 
was projected that a weigh-house should be built, 
and the sabscribers for a bridge at Townhead 
were allowed at the same time to quarry stones 
from the town quarries. The weigh-house, how- 
ever, was not contracted for befoi-e the 17th 
April 1781, so that the authorities of Kilmar- 
nock in former times could not be accused of 
doing any thing without due deliberation. 

Kilmamcrck, as it stands, may be consider- 
ed quite a modem town ; and many of its inhabi- 
tants can recollect the formation of what are now 
the prindpal streets, as well as the building of 
tnostof those shopsand othertenementswhich con- 
sUtnte its acknowledged superiority. The great 
era of the improvement of I^llmamock, in point of 
arddtecture and the widening of the streets, may 
be set down as conmiencing with the beginning 
of the present century. The old Council-house 
was taken down, and the new bridge and new 
Gouncii Rooms built, about the year 1805. The 
new bridge opened up a new and comparatively 
spadous passage through the town, which, in the 
course of some years afterwards, was followed by 
the opening of Portland and King Streets, taking 
away from the old and crooked thoroughfares 
that superabundance of traffic they were so ill 
capable of sustaining, but of which they had so 
long possessed the entire monopoly. 

The rapid extension of Kilmarnock, so remark- 
able within the memory of its existing inhabitants, 
is no doubt to be attributed, partly to its central 
positbn as the heart of a rich agricultural and 

mineral district, but still more, perhaps, to the 
manu&cturing and trading enterprise of its in- 
habitants. To trace the origin of this mercantile 
spirit cannot fail to be interesting, and we shall 
endeavour to do so as far as the records of the 
burgh, and other sources of information, enable 
us. These records, it is to be regretted, do not 
extend to a remote period. The first charter 
erecting Kilmarnock into a burgh of barony was 
granted in favour of Thomas fifth Lord Boyd;* 
a second was obtained in 1672, in fi&vour of Wil- 
liam the first Earl of Kilmarnock, whose grand- 
son, the third Earl, in 1700, gave a charter to the 
town of the whole common good, consisting of 
^^ the common greens of the said town, shops un- 
der the tolbooth thereof, the weights, pocks, and 
measures, the troan,t and weights thereof, and 
the customs of the faires and weekly mercats, and 
all other customes belonging to the said burgh 
and barony.'* It is thus apparent that there can 
be no burgh records of an ancient date. The first 
of the *^ Kilmarnock Books '* preserved commences 
15th June 1686, when ^^ the haill tenants of the 
burrow^ of Kilmarnock and Grougar [were] di- 
rected to mak payment to the Earll of Kilmar- 
nock, and his cLalmeiiane, in his name, of all 
maills formerly due, or now due to them, for the 
Whitsunday ending the year 1686," &c. The 
sederunt is stvled, ^^ The Court of the Town and 
Burrow of Kilmarnock and Grougar, holden in 
the Tolbuith of Kilmarnock,'' &c. Although a 
burgh of barony at this time, Kilmarnock did not 
enjoy the privilege of a magistracy, the lord of 
the manor, or his chamberlain, who, in 1686, was 
Charles Dahymple, t presiding in the court as 

The first magistrates of the burgh of Kilmar- 
nock were appointed in 1695, as the following 
extract firom the records show: 

^' 16th Aug. 1695.~-Master Bobert Stewart, 
and Mr John Boyd, one of the regents of the 
College of Glasgow, tutors-testamentars to ane 
noble Earl, William Earl of Kilmarnock, &c., for 
the better administration of justice, seeing *^ that 
the office of baillie cannot be dewlie exercised in 
the persone of ane man," appoint the following 
magistrates and councillors for one year: Charles 
Dalrymple, writer (factor to the Earl) ; Alexan- 
der Muir, elder; Robert Wright; Mathew Hab- 
kin; Bobert Milligane; William Morris and Jas- 
per Tough, apothecaries ; James Adam and Jamea 

• Boyd charter chest. 

t Befbre the erection of the weigh-house, the "troan" 
stood at the Cross. It was a wooden erection, consisting 
merely of a roof supported by three or four pillars. 

X He lived in Langlands Home. 



Wilsone, bonnet-makers; William Sloss, and 
James Smith, in Backsyde, skinners ; James Cath- 
cart, and James Gilldeson, hammermen; John 
Miller, taillzeor; William Bracunrig, shoemaker, 
and James Thomsone, weiver, to commmie with 
the saids bailies in the management of the com- 
mon goods and public affiiirs of the said bnrgh, 
for the space foresaid." [John M^Leslie, present 
bailie, and Robert Paterson, merchant, were the 
baron bailies alluded to.] 

The first act of the Council was to the effect, 
that an extract should be got of the town weights 
of Irvine, that the town weights might he adjust- 
ed thereby ; and that Friday should be the mar- 
ket-day in all time coming. 

From this period, the Earls of Kilmarnock and 
their successors, as lords of the manor, continued 
to appoint the magistrates of the burgh annually. 
This was done from a leet, or list of persons, se- 
lected by the Council, a deputation of whom wait- 
ed upon the Earl at the Castle of Dean. In 
1723, the Council had an opportunity of electing 
their own bailies. The minutes bear, that ^^ as 
the Earl of Kilmarnock was out of the country 
this year, and the time expiring for presenting 
the leet of five persons, out of whom two to be 
chosen for bailies, therefore, conform to the town^s 
right, granted by the late Earl of Kilmarnock,* 
appoynt Mungo Moor, &c. to go to the place of 
Dean this day ( 11th October 1723) or to-mor- 
row, and thereat, under form of instrument, to 
present and make offer of the list chosen by the 
Town Council, upon the 3d of September last, 
in terms of the town^s right, &c. This having 
been done, and no conunission arrived from the 
Earl, the Council, on the 15th of October, de- 
clared the right of election to lie with themselves. 
The same thing occurred in 1732 : — " 14th Oct. 
1732. — Instrument produced of having been at 
the Dean, and offered thereat the leet of five 
for the bailies, and there being no commission 
frt>m the Earl of Kilmarnock, the Council declare 
the privilege of choosing the bailies to have de- 
volved upon the Council." 

The Earl appears at last to have become alive 
to the danger* of his repeated omissions in this 
respect, and still detained abroad, he next year 
took care to furnish his Countess with the neces- 

* In the charter of 1700, such contiiigeiicles were thiu 
provided agaiiut: ** And in caiee it ehaU happen ns, onr 
ain or snooessors fbnaid, not to be living within the foreaid 
bounds the time of the oflTering the forsaid leittis, then and 
in that catoe, the saids bayllies and connsell for the time, 
making up and offering the forsaid leitts to us and our Ibr- 
saids at our manor-place of Dean, in presence of ane nottar 
and witnesses as eflTeirs, shall be also yallde, eflbctaall, and 
euffldent to them to elect and choose bayllies in manner 
forsaid, as if we, our airs or suooessors, were penonaUy 

sary authority to act in his absence. This led to 
an assertion of independence upon the part of 
the Coundl, conunensurate probably with the 
growing importance of the burgh, but hardly to 
be expected firom a small body of burgesses to- 
wards thdr feudal superior. The substance of 
the minute is as follows : — 29th September 17S3. 
Produce extract of commission firom the Earl of 
Kilmarnock in favour of Anna Cotmtess of Kil- 
marnock, authorising her to constitute bailies, &c. 
And the question being put as to the right of the 
Earl to ddegate his power, the Council ^^ judge 
it expedient to avoid disputing on that head for 
the present year, out of regard for the family, 
and agrees to sustain the Countesses commission 
as sufficient to authorise her, but prejudice all- 
ways to the Town Council to quairell the validity 
of any such commission for the future, and de- 
clare that their present acquiescence shall noways 
homolgate the same." 

The last time the Eariof Kilmarnock appoint- 
ed the magistrates of the burgh was on the 80th 
September 1745, by which time his lordship had 
engaged in the unfortunate rising under Prince 
Charles-Edward. The mandate was dated the 
26th of that month. 

In 1746, Oct. 13, the Council produced ^' ane 
instrument," &c. " taken against James Boyd of 
Kilmarnock, Esq, commonly called Lord Boyd,* 
on the 29th of September last, offering to him the 
leett, and containing his reasoun of refusal to 
nominate, and no commission having been receiv- 
ed of any one empowered to nominate the Coon- 
dl, declare the choosing to fall upon the Coun- 

In 1747-8 the leet was presented at the "ma- 
nor place of Dean, James Boyd, Esq. being furth 
of the kingdom," when the nomination as foimer- 
ly devolved upon the Council themselves. 

In 1764, the lands and superiority of Kilmar- 
nock having previously passed into the hands of 
the Earl of Glencaim, the Eari refused to nomin- 
ate bailies from the leet — probably in consequence 
of the riot which had taken place a short time 
before at the induction of the Bev. Mr Lindsay 
to the Low Church, when both patron and presen- 
tee were treated with no small disrespect. With 
their usual independence, the Council forthwith 
proceeded to appoint the magistrates themselves. 
The dispute, however, was not easily laid. In 
1766, the Earl having still declined, the Trea- 
surer repaired with the leet to Dean Castle, ss of 
old, and having performed this ceremony, the 
nomination was hdd to devolve upon the Cooncil. 

« Son of the wahappj Earl, and who snooeoded to the 
titte and estates of £nx)L 




The Eari, howeYer, seems to have brought the 
maiter before the Court of Session^ and in 1769 
obtained a decreet declarator in his favour. 

In 1786, the baOies were nominated hj Miss 
Soott, afterwards Duchess of Portland, who had 
in that year purchased the estate of Kihnamock 
fipom the Glencaim family. Next year, how- 
ever, we find the magistrates protestbg against 
the nomination of ^^ JkGss Henrietta Soott and 
her curators;" and the matter seems to have 
been adjusted by a quorum of the commiasioners 
of the Earl of Glencaim and Miss Scott iq>pQint- 
ing the bailies. 

Thus we have the origin of the civic gorem- 
ment of Kihnamock. By the charter of Wil- 
liam third Earl of Kilmarnock, the bur^ was 
empowered to elect seventeen coundllors, and 
of these two btdUes were appointed out of a leet 
of five by the superior. As barons of Kilmarnock, 
the fiimily of Boyd had also the right of ^^ pit 
and gallows," and in the " Head Courts of the 
lands and barony of Kilmarnock and Grougar," 
continued to exercise their rights down to the 
abolition of feudal jurisdictions in 1746. In 
1651, before the first charter was obtained, erect- 
ing Kilmarnock into a burgh of barony, Lord 
Boyd had a comnussion of justiciary for trying 
certain persons in KilmaraocL* There can there- 
fore be little doubt that the Lords Boyd actually 
judged in criminal causes, and the rising ground, 
now the site of a dissenting church, still called 
the GallowB-knowe, was, it maybe presumed, the 
qpot upon which the culprits suffered capital 
ponishment. There are, however, no records o£ 
the ^* Head Court" of Kilmarnock at so early 
a period — ^the first we find, as previously stated, 
dating no farther back than 1686. 

One or two extracts firom these books may not 
be inappropriate here. No small portion of the 
minutes relate to cases of debt. The first entry 
of general interest refers to the troublous times 
immediately prior to the Bevolution: — 

3l8t July 1686.— The quhHk day, we, the ten- 
ants within the toun of Kilmarnock under-sub- 
scribed, bind and oblige us that we, our families, 
ootters and servants respectively sail serve per- 
sonallie and regularlie, under the pain of the ten- 
ant, cotters and servants contravening, dieir 
levmg of the half of their movables, respectively 
eadi for their ownselves, conform to the 24th act 
of the first Parliament of King James the seventh. 

[To this minute 68 signatures are attadied. A 
number of the tenants, however, did not subscribe 
the minute, in consequence of which their tacks 
were declared null.] 

• Origtaul docmnent In Kilmarnock charter chest, dated 
Hay 1951. 

13th July 1686.^The quhilk day James Thom- 
son, ane of the dragoons of horse, Adam Black^s 
companie, was decerned to pay to John Tod, cutler 
in Kihnamock, the sum of 8s. 4d. Scots; and the 
said John Tod to give up to James Thomson his 
wyfiis body oott, quhilk was pandit for threepence, 
and paid to the said James. 

1687. — ^An act passed, that in consequence of 
the hazard to which the inhabitants were exposed 
by disorderly persons becoming tenants of houses, 
no house should be let in future to any one who 
could not bring a certificate of character satis&c- 
tory to the bailie, the tenants at the same time 
obliging themselves to firee the town of all beg- 
ging by their cottars. [The peasantry must have 
been in a very low state at tliis period.] 

1695. — [The Council having ^en been appoint- 
ed]. Several acts were passed for regulating 
the social condition of the town, such as no ale to 
be sold by vintners after ten o^cloc^ on Saturday 
nights, and that their jugs and stoups should be 
properly adjusted ; and certain parties were ap- 
pointed to keep a proper account of the common 
goods of the burgh against Michaelmas. 

1698. — Enacted, that in case anyrefiise the ap- 
pointment of bailie, they should pay a fine of £50 

1702. — ^Act against swearing and banning, 
drunkenness, &c. 

1711. — That all persons sell or retail their 
meal in the mealmarket, and not elsewhere.* 

1723. — ^Elnacted, that no party before the bailie 
court shall employ a procurator, unless by mutual 
consent, or both parties having procurators. 

1724. — ^Burgess entry-money first exacted. 

The October mercat of horse and kyne, 

on the last day of the fiur, to be held in the 
town's common green in future, in place of the 
Holm, which is enclosed. 

26th July 1726.^In presence of the Earl of 
Kilmarnock, agree to alter the days of the &ir, 
in consequence of their firequently fidling on a 
Saturday. To be held as follows: — ^The fiur 
formerly held on the 15th and 16th July shall be 
keepit on the 8d Wednesday and Thursday of 
the said month ; and the fiiir formerly held on the 
25th and 26th days of October to be keepit up 
the 3d Wednesday and Thursday of the said 

1727. — ^Burgess-ticketsformerly£18, 18s..Scot«j^ 
but none to be admitted in future under £24. 

18th Nov. 1729. — ^Lron weights to be substi- 
tuted for lead ones in the meal mercat. 

* According to M'Kayl History, the mealmarket wa^ 
bnilt in 1706, and rebuilt in 1840. It is tlu» 
High Street. 




l8t Dec. 1730.— £800 Soots to be cast among 
the inhabitants for the support of the poor. 

1785. — ^No country butcher to be allowed to 
sell butcher meat in the burgh unless on the 
market day. 

No account of the common good of the burgb 
was kept earlier than 1692. From 1690 to 
1692 the income amounted to £1484, 13s. 4d. 
Scots; the expenditure to £1215, lis. 6d. From 
1726 to 1727— one year—ihe income was £2765, 
17s. 7d. Scots ; the expenditure £2929, 15s. 5d. 
With reference to the trade of the burgh, it 
seems to be admitted on all hands that a trade 
in leather, shoes and bonnets, had sprung up at 
a very early period. Significant of these branches 
or incorporations, a bonnet, a pair of leather 
breeches, and a pair of shoes used to be paraded 
annually at Fastem's E'en races, as the nominal re- 
ward of the victors, and thatfrom timeimmemoriaL 
Of the six incorporated trades of Eihnamock, 
speaking of modem times, that of the bonnet* 
makers b held to be the oldest, their charter dating 
back to 1646 ; but there must have been an incor- 
porated body as early as 1608, for in an act passed 
by the Town Council in 1718, commencing, " We, 
William Earl of Kilmarnock,'* &c. special refer- 
ence is made to a law passed by his predecessor 
and his bailie in 1603, prohibiting all persons 
from ^' dressing hose or stockings made by any 
persons that are not incorporate in the tr<ide,^ 
It is evident, therefore, that there was an incor- 
porate body, either of stocking or bonnet-makers, 
in or before 1603, although it seems probable 
from the minute that the incorporation of bonnet- 
makers also exercised the craft of hose or stocking 
making. It is apparent that the town of Kilmar- 
nock had attained to considerable importance as a 
place of trade and manufiicture towards the dose 
of the sixteenth century. Pont, who made his 
survey of ScoUand about the beginning of the 
seventeenth century — 1609 — speaks in a lively 
strain of the appearance of Kilmarnock: '^ Kil- 
memock-toune and Kirk is a large village, and 
of grate repair. It hath in it a weekly market; 
it hath a fair stone bridge over the river Memock, 
vich glydes hard by the said toune till it fallis in 
the river Irving. It hath a pretty church, from vich 
the village, castle, and lordschip takes its name," 
&c. At this period, as we have seen, it carried 
on the making of hose, stockings and bonnets, 
and no doubt shoemaking and leather-tan- 
ning.* M'Kay, in his history, states that about 
the year 1646 the bonnet trade *^ was in a flou- 

* Tlie first notice we find in reflerenoe to the Utter trade !n 
the Coandl Beoorde oecars In 1687, when an act wu puaed 
•gainst washing skins in the mihi-dam. 

rishing condition, and fears seem to have been 
entertained by the followers of the craft that it 
was then passing too n^idly into other hands. 
In glancing over the charter of this venerable 
corporartion, we fiadthat a court was 'holden at 
Kirkdyke the twenty ane day of December six- 
teen hundred and fourty seven years, by a noble 
Lord, James Lord Boyd, John Cunning^iame of 
Bedlaw and John Mowat, his Lordship's bailies,' 
and that about thirty bonnet-manufacturers ^ com- 
peared,' and complained of various abuses having 
crept into the mft, such as feeing each other's 
servants, and servants leaving their masters 'work 
to do their own. At this court it was ordained 
that '*no servant or other person presume to 
take up work at their own hand until first he be 
thought worthy by the craft, and have given in 
his sey [trial-piece] to them." 

That the trade in ** milned stoddns" was one 
of very considerable importance during the seven- 
teenth century is evident firom the various at- 
tempts made to promote its efficiency, when 
symptoms of decay had begun to manifest them- 
selves at the beginning of the eighteenth century. 
In 1711, for example, the Town Council enacted, 
that owing to the great abuse and decay of the 
trade in milned stockings, all stockings wrought 
for milning to be brought to the inspector i^ 
pointed to see that the manufacture was properly 
carried on. An act was passed, at the same time, 
rescinding several previous enactments in reference 
to '' mihied stockbgs."— '' We, William, Earl of 
Kilmarnock," &c. The act then goes on to refer 
to a law passed by his predecessor, with consent 
of the Bailie of Kilmarnock, in 1603, by which 
no master nor servant dress hose or stockings 
made by any persons that are not inooiporaie 
in the trade, under the pain of five pounds Scots; 
and farther, that no master or servant dress any 
stockings but to such as are to wear them them- 
selves, the person or persons to be employed in 
dressing to acquaint some of the trade or others 
[the parties appointed for this purpose] and to 
have their allowance to do so. None of the trade 
to buy firom any person but hose or stockings 
milned or raw: and also, considering an act passed 
by himself in 1706, which confirmed the original 
rights granted by his predecessors, no person to 
make hose, stockings or bonnets save for thdr 
own use, unless sighted and allowed by the visi- 
tors, &c. 

Another minute of the Town Council, 11th Aug. 
] 713, is to the following eflEect : The bonnet-makers 
havmg monopolised and enhanced the dressing 
of all milned stockings to one person, a member 
of the corporation, to whom the privilege was 
rouped yearly for the payment of an inconsider- 



ible sum to the tnde, and this praetioe haTing 
been petttioned against, as well as the whole 
corporation of bonnet-makera conyened and ex- 
amined thareanent, the Cotmcil find, that at the 
time of theb approTing and confirming the former 
pmilegea of the trade, *^ the trade of milned 
itockingB in Kifanamock was oome to little or no 
perfection; the bonnet-makers and others incor- 
porate with them might then be able to furnish 
all such Btoekings that occasion offered to sell; 
bat siQee that time the said incorporation being 
yery sensible and convinced they were not able 
themselyes to famish and supply the country and 
kingdom, and also countries abroad, with these 
itoekings, have hitherto, notwithstanding of their 
privileges above written, allowed and permitted 
aU persons that had a mmd to use their em- 
ployment that way, and having dressed to these 
perwns their stockings, without obliging them to 
snter," &c. and the said trade in stockings is so 
ht improved and advanced that it is become 
benefidal and advantageous to the community 
of our said burgh, and intending the ftrther pro- 
motion and advancement of so good a project of 
trade, have lately, with our Bailies and Town 
Council of Kilmarnock, passed ane act for the 
better regulation thereof, appointing visitors to 
iiMpeet all such stockings, and stamp all that are 
sufficient thereof with the town's seal, provided 
for timt efiect; and conceiving it inconvenient 
that the dressbg of stockings should be monopo- 
lised, all who deal in sinning, carding, working or 
vending said stockings, should be obliged to in- 
corporate. All former acts on the subject were 
ooiuequently repealed; and all monopoly prohibit- 
ed in dressing stockings, every person being free 
to make their own stockings, provided they 
employ members of the incorporation to dress 
them, who must do it at a reasonable rate, other- 
wise they are free to get them dressed where they 

The manu&cture of milned stockings must at 
this period have formed one of the staple products 
of Kilmarnock. That the trade of Kilmarnock, 
however, was not limited to a single branch or 
two is apparent from a minute of Council, dated 
SOth Nov. 1725, when certain parties were ap- 
pomted for stamping, according to the act of 
Psriiament regulating the goodness, length and 
breadth of serg^, fingrums, (?) playding and linen 
doihes. In 1726 [15th May] the ''Town agree 
to give £30 Soots for the encouragement of the 
linen trade in the town and parish of Kilmarnock 
to the owner, and £6 Scotsto the weaver, of the 
best white linen web of 84 ells or above, divided 
as the law Erects, and spun and wrought within 
the town or parish of Kilmarnock," Such was 

the public spirit of the worthy burghers of Kil- 
marnock at the commencement of last century. 

The trade in milned stockings seems to have 
occasioned great anxiety in the conununity. In 
si»te of every efibrt it continued to decay, no 
doubt firom causes which could not be controlled. 
Still renewed attempts were repeatedly made 
to remove the supposed cause of the decline ; as for 
example the following minute, which we give at 
length: — 

'' 14th June 1729.— The milned stocking trade 
having fallen ofi^ in consequence of abuses in the 
milking, the former act of 1712 is revived in full 
foroe, with the additional clauses — That all the 
said stockins be made of the finest wool, plucked 
or dipped, and that they be made of one colour 
and fineness firom end to end; and the whole 
stockins made for common sale to men to be of 
such fineness as that one pair shall not take under 
five outts of yearn, and not under sixty two 
loops on each wire.* Item, that the maker shall 
be obliged upon oath to report to the visitors 
what faults he shall find in the stockins, either 
before or after walking ; so also that the dressers 
dress none that are fiiulty ; nor shall they frau- 
dulently conceal or patch up the faults, but report 
the same likewise to the visitors upon oath. Item, 
that none of the said stockins shall be accounted 
sufficient that are woven upon the bonnet-nuikers* 
pricks, and that the yearn be spun and twinned 
as slack as possible. Item, that any stockins 
found insufficient by the visitors shall be clipped 
an inch or two in the head, and burnt bare in the 
upper part of the foot with an iron, and shall 
also suffer a fine at the sight of the visitors,* not 
exceeding six shilling Scots upon ilk pair ; and 
that all insufficient stockins shall be sent by the 
visitors, after the first inspection thairof, straight 
to the miln for wacking, and be returned by the 
wacker to the visitors, to be dressed at the owner's 
charges. Item, that all stockins sold or exposed 
to sale within the toun or precincts thereof, with- 
out being inspected by the visitors, shall be con- 
fiscate till payment of twelve shilling Scots on 
ilk pair. And that none of jJie inhabitants shall 
dress or expose to sale any of the said stockins 
dther within the town or anywhere else till first 
they be inspected, under the said penalty of 
twelve shillings Scots for ilk pair, the dresser's 
wages being always under the regulation of 
the Baillies and Town Council. And lastly, 
none of the said stockins to be contracted 
fiir raw, till once they be milned and scoured. 

• The stoddiiigs had thus been wrooght or knitted with 
wbres, and afterwards snt^ected to the ftiUing mill— hence 
the name of ** milned stoGhdngB." 



under the penalty of six slullings Soots for ilk 
pair sua sold or contracted for, both to the 
buyer and seller. Declaring there is nothing 
in this act to hinder the making of unlaid stock- 
ins for women, providing such stockins be made 
conform to the regulations, except as to wide- 
ness and length." 

The incorporation of glovers — 18th Sept. 1729 
— lay a petition before the Magistrates and Coun- 
cil, complaining that certain masters, journey- 
men and apprentices, had ^^ sold leather breaches 
without being stamped." The Earl of Kilmar- 
nock, who seems to have taken a great interest 
in promoting the trade of the burgh, together 
with the Bailies and Council, pass a stringent 
law against all who either sell or buy leather 
breeches unstamped. 

2d Oct. 1729. — Similar complaints having been 
made of abuses in *^ the manufacture of wisecaps, 
commonly named striped capes, a stringent act, 
similar to that in reference to milned stockings, 
was passed regarding the manufacture of these caps. 

Another minute, 25th May 1730, states that 
the act respecting the ^^ manufacture of wisecaps " 
is to be put in full force, owing to the decay of 
the trade. 

Serges, a description of woollen doth for wo- 
men^B petticoats, is frequently mentioned in the 
records, and seems to have been a branch of ma- 
nufacture of some consideration about this period. 
4th June 1734, the trade of serges so much de- 
cayed, in consequence of using coarse wool, the 
Council enact that no coarse wool is to be pur- 
chased for that manufacture. 

17th Feb. 1737. — ^A committee appointed to 
take into consideration the state of the " course 
and paceloom coverletts made or sold in the 
burgh," in order that they may be inspected and 

2Sd June 1737.— The Earl of Kilmarnock pre- 
sent in Council. New regulations made for the 
serge manufacture, which, in spite of all previous 
exertions, was not conform to act of Parliament. 

1742. — Former acts to be enforced in reference 
to the serge and stocking manufacture. 

Notwithstanding these various enactments, oc- 
casioned by the alleged decay of particular 
branches of trade^ the town of Kilmarnock 
seems to have been steadily increasing in com- 
mercial importance, insomuch that, on the llth 
April 1745, the Earl of Kilmarnock present, the 
Council agree to petition Parliament next session 
for the privilege of imposing two pennies Scots 
on the pint of ale, publicly brewed and vended 
in the town, as funds were wanted to make va- 
rious improvements commensurate with the in- 
creased mportunce of manu/aclures. 

'* The manufacture of woollen cloths," says 
M^Kay, ** was introduced about the year 172S 
by Miss Maria Gardiner, (half-aunt to the late 
Lord Ejlmamock,) who, through a praiseworthy 
spirit of patriotism, and for the encouragement 
of useful arts, brought spinners and weavers of 
carpet from the town of Dalkeith, then distin- 
guished for its woollen products. Under the 
encouraging auspices of this lady, the carpet 
trade, which is now one of our chief sources of 
wealth, mcreased, comparatively speaking, to a 
considerable extent; and we feel somewhat sur- 
prised that her memory has not been preserved 
in the town by some public memorial .... We 
regret that it is not in our power to give a more 
extended notice of Miss Gardiner. Even the 
place of her nativity and the time of her death 
are unknown to us. It appears, however, from 
Loch's ^^ Es8a}'s on the Trades and Fisheries of 
Scotland," that she lived to an advanced age; for 
she was alive in 1777 or 1778, about fif^y yeari 
ailer she introduced the woollen manufactures." 

It is strange that no notice of Miss Gardiner, 
and the introduction of so important a branch 
of manufacture, is to be found, in so fiir as we 
have discovered, among the records of the burgh; 
but we think the origin of what is still called, 
par excellence, ^' the factory " may be traced 
frx>m the Town Books. The first notice we find 
in reference to wool is to this efiect: — ^26th Dec. 
1728. — Robert Boyd having been appointed wool 
sorter by the Trustees for Improving the fisheries, 
&c., he b to have ground and be allowed to build 
a work-place, with store-house and grass field, 
at the Old Dam. 

Farther, another minute of the Town CouncO, 
in the same 3rear, states that the Council ** in 
consideration of the Board of Trustees having 
appointed Robert Boyd, sorter of wool for this 
burgh, gave him ground upon the most con- 
venient spot of the Old Dam, to build a woollen 
factory at his own charges, the town reserving 
the right to take it from him at the end of three 
years, on paying his outlay." 

No more occurs in rderence to the woollen 
manufacture until 1743, when we find the Coun- 
cil giving a piece of ground " to the Society erect- 
ing a house at the Greenhead for manufiicturing 
coarse wool, to straight their side-wall to join the 
washing-house at the Greenhead." 

We know not whether the woollen factory pro- 
jected by Robert Boyd was ever erected, or whe- 
ther the scheme had merged into the hands of the 
Society here alluded to; but it is evident that the 
latter was the origin of the extensive work still 
known as the Greenside Factory. What indines 
us to believe that they were one and the same, is 



the fact, that in virtue of the reaenration in the 
grant to Robert Boyd in 1728, to take the work 
from him at the end of three years, we find the 
Town Council, in 1773, disposing of the whole 
premises to ^* Richard Oswald, Esq. of Auchin- 
cmiye; John Campbell and William Coats, mer- 
chants in Glasgow; John Hunter, jun., merchant, 
Kilmarnock; James Wilson, senior, merchant, 
Kilmarnock; James Wilson, junior, merchant, 
there; William Cuninghame, merchant, Glasgow ; 
Elisabeth and Barbani Cuninghame, only chil- 
dren and nearest lawful heirs of the deceased 
Alexander Cuninghame, merchant in Glasgow; 
John and Hugh Parkers, merchants in Kilmar- 
nock, and William Boyd, carpet weaver there 
— all partners in the company of the said woollen 
manufactory in Kilmarnock, known by the firm 
of James Wilson and Company, according to their 
respective shares.^* This was, no doubt, the wool- 
len fiictory at the Greenhead. 

Loch, in his '^ Essays," states, that about the 
year 1777 there were two hundred and forty looms 
employed in the weaving of silk, which had been 
mtroduced seven years previously; sixty-six 
looms in the weaving of carpets; forty in the 
ireaving oF linen; thirty in the weaving of blan* 
kets; thirty in the weaving of serges and shal- 
loons; twenty in the weaving of duffles, together 
with six frames for the making of stockings. 
There were -also two tanyards, and a good trade 
in shoes. The blanket manufacture was carried 
on by Robert Thomson and Company. The 
other principal merchants and manufacturers were 
James Wilson and Son, and Messrs Parker, Hun- 
ter and Smith. From this period the trade of 
Kilmarnock went on flourishingly for many years. 
In addition to the old staple manufactures of the 
place, the weaving of muslin and the printing of 
calicoes was introduced. Before the close of the 
eighteenth century, the annual value of the ma- 
nufactures was estimated as follows: — Carpets, 
£21,400 ; shoes and boots, £21 ,216 ; skins tanned, 
£9,000; sheep and lamb skins dressed, £6,500; 
printed caUooes, £6,500, &c. During the early 
part of the present century, while the war con- 
tiQued, the increase and prosperity of Kilmarnock 
was not less extraordinary. The first serious 
check experienced was during the general stag- 
nation in 1816, and since it has been subjected to 
all the various depressions which almost periodi- 
cally overtake the country ; still the commercial 
spirit of the people is of the most elastic descrip- 
tion, adapting itself with decided tact and talent 
to whatever promises the greatest amount of remu- 
neration for the time. The introduction, in 1824, 
of worsted shawl printing, fabrics which had long 
previously been produced of superior quality by 

the looms of Kilmarnock, gave a fresh impetus to 
the trade; and at one period no fewer than 8000 
looms were employed in producing them. The 
printing business, as it is termed, grew to an 
amazing extent, employing, as it did, in 1847, no 
fewer than about 2000 hands, including boys and 

The gradual increase of Kilnuumock, previous 
to the current century, may be gathered from 
various circumstances. In 1547, at the election 
of Alexander Boyd as parish derk, there were 
about three hundred parishioners, or, as we shall 
presume, heads of families, which, multiplied by 
five, the usual average of a family, give about 
1500 inhabitants of all ages. In 1731, the inha- 
bitants had become so numerous, that the parish 
kirk was incapable of affording the necessary ac- 
commodation. On the 11th January of that year, 
the Town Council resolved to build ^* a new and 
additional church, in consequence of the popu- 
lousness of the parish."* The Earl of Kihnar- 
nock, Mr Orr of Grougar, and other principal 
proprietors, to be memorialised on the subject. 
The Earl and Mr Orr entered warmly into the 
design, contributing 1000 merks between them 
towards the fund. The latter also procured some 
subscriptions in Glasgow. The Town Council of 
Kilmarnock advanced £80 sterling towards the 
building. By the 6th May 1781, the subscriptions 
for the new kirk were in such a forward state, 
that the Council appointed Charles Dalrymple of 
Lianglands, and James Rae of Walston, one of 
the bailies, and others, to choose and purchase 
ground for the kirk. 7th Nov. 1734.— Four shil- 
lings Scots imposed upon the boll of malt brewed 
within the burgh, over and above the usual cus- 
tom, until the expense of the new kirk be de- 
frayed, and ^^ane thousand merks" to be bor- 
rowed in the meantime for that purpose, f 2d 
March 1787. — Committee appointed to arrange 
about the letting of seats in the new kirk, and 
" ane yearly allowance to Mr Hill, present in- 
cumbent, for his encouragement," &c. 18th April 
1737. — ^Twelve hundred merks to be borrowed to 
pay ofi the debts owing for the new kirk. 81st 
Oct. 1737. — ^The Earl and Council consent to an 
act of the head court of the burgh, agreeing to 
give £30 sterling yearly for an assistant to Mr Hill 
out of the vacant stipend and customs on malt, and 
also to a fund of not less than five hundred merks 
yearly for *^ ane assistant to Mr Hill, to be levied 
from the duties and customs on malt, and seat 

* The inhabitants were unwilling to aid in the boilding, 
nnlem sittings were secured to them in proportion to their 

t The thonsand merles were borrowed from the Society 
of Merchants. 



mails of the new kirk," so soon as there shall be 
constant senioe in it. Slst Oct. 1737. — Mr Bo* 
bert Dow agreed upon as a fit assistant to Mr 
Hill. 21st Oct 1738. — Commission to wait upon 
Mr Robert Hall, preacher of the gospel, to sig* 
nify the heritors and Town Council^s resolution 
to apply to the next Presbytery to moderate in a 
call for his supplying the present yacancy, and to 
acquaint him, that as the new church is now built, 
he must lay his account to preach both forenoon 
and afternoon on the Sabbath-day during his in- 
cumbency. 22d Nov. 1738. — Town give the he- 
ritors of the parish security that the fabric of the 
new church will be upheld. 4th April 1739. — 
Committee appointed for drawing up a scheme of 
division of .the new church seats, according to the 
amount of subscription. 8th April 1739. — ^Mr 
Dow demits his charge as assistant, having been 
called to Ardrossan. 9th May 1739.— The Earl 
of Kilmarnock leaves the appointment of an as- 
sistant to the Council, who appoint Mr William 
Boyd in place of Mr Dow. 6th Sept. 1739.— 
Committee finds the whole value of the seats in 
the new kirk to be £41, 6s. 8d. sterling. The 
expense of the fabric and building of the kirk, &c. 
amounted to £850 sterling, or thereby. The 
contributors to have their rooms in the kirk at 
twenty years* purchase of the .yearly value, with 
the burden of the assistant's salary after mention- 
ed, and upholding the kirk as formerly settled. 
The non-resident contributors to be advertised of 
this, in case any of them should claim a share. 
That as one-half, or more, of the kirk will be in 
the Council's hands and disposal, so that they 
might claim an equality with the contributors in 
settmg of the seats, yet, for their ease and benefit, 
allows the contributors their choice of the whole 
kirk, excepting the Earl of Kilmarnock and Ma- 
gistrates' seats, a pew or two for the ministers, and 
a division or two in the lofts. The highest con- 
tributor to have the first choice, and so on in ro- 
tation. Those entitled to half seats to have the 
privilege of purchasing the other half. The town 
either to let or sell their share of the seats, the 
proceeds, after bearing their proper share of the 
ministers' stipends, &c., to go to the buildi^ig of 
a steeple. Kot above £13 sterling of the minis- 
ters' sidary to fiill upon the kirk seats, wherein 
the proprietor to be rated yearly in a sum not 
exceedmg sixpence on the pound advanced. Upon 
what was waste, ihe whole sixpence to be paid 
the first year. Slst Oct. 1763.— The Council 
denude themselves of the chapel to the managers, 
which was done by a bond. 

Such is an outline of the origin and completion 
of the chapel of ease, now a parish churdi, de- 
signed the High Church of Kilmarnock.- 

The number of the inhabitants, in 1763, accord- 
ing to Dr Webster, was nearly 5000; in 1792, 
6776; in 1801, 8079; in 1811, 10,148; in 1821, 
12,769; in 1831, 18,093; and in 1841, 19,398. 
The increase, it will thus be observed, has been 
most marked rince 1821. 

Having thus traced the rise and progress of 
Kilmarnock, we may, before proceeding to recall 
the more prominent of those historical events 
with which the district is connected, string toge- 
ther a few miscellaneous gleanings, that may not 
be uninteresting to the local reader: — 

1710.— The town oontributed £50 Soots to- 
wards the fund of the Society instituted by her 
Majesty (Queen Anne), for the promotion of 
Christian knowledge. 

1723. — Adam Dickie appointed to apply to the 
Town Council and inhabitants of Glasgow for a 
contribution towards defiraying the expense of 
building a bridge over the Irvine. 
. 27th April 1724.-~This day, the two bailies, or 
any of them, appointed to attend the meeting of 
the Commissioners of Supply at Ayr, on Thursday 
the 7th of May, to solicit their consent to levy 
tenpence upon the hundred pound for one year, 
and what ftirther they shall think of towards the 
erection of a bridge at Biccarton; and also to im- 
press upon the neighbouring parishes the propriety 
of driving sand and stones for ihe building, the 
Council of Kilmarnock being willing to undertake 
the building of the bridge. 

23d May 1724. — ^The Commissioners agree, on 
condition of the Council advancing one hundred 
pounds sterling, which the Council consent to, 
there being at the time subscriptions for seven or 
eight hundred pounds Scots in the town, and five 
hundred merks allowed by the Earl of Kilmarnock 
and hb curators, and that there is three hundred 
and fifty merks in the town's hands of vacant sti- 
pends, and therefore ordain bond to be granted 
to the Commissioners for the same. 

1735. — ^The streets first cleaned by public sub- 
scription, the magistrates heading the list. 

Aug. 16, 1729. — It is agreed, on a petition 
firom Hugh Fairlie, merchant, late here, now in 
Kilmaurs, that the treasurer only exact presently 
twelve pounds Scots from him of his bill of twen- 
ty-four pounds granted for his burgess fyne ; and 
that the other twelve pounds shall not be de- 
manded till he shall either return to reside in the 
place, or desyre his fireedom theretr Dedaring, 
that he has no privilege of burgesship in tjme 
coming, till the whole bill is paid. 

5th Jan. 1786. — ^In consequenoe of the Coun- 
cil's application to the Earl of Kilmarnock about 
a schoolmaster, Mr James Smith, teacher, Dal- 
keith, is recommended, and the Council appoint 



bim. As Mr Robert Montgomery, formerly 
teacher, still retained the session-clerkship, the 
town agree to give Mr Smith £5 sterling yearly 
till he is installed in the clerkship. [Mr Mont- 
gomery haring refused to yacate the school with- 
out a consideration, he is guaranteed in £20 
yeariy, provided he gives up both school and 

17th April 1736. — ^Montgomery having still re- 
fused to give up his charge, the Council agree to 
support Mr Smith, in case he should contest a 
process, and be restored to his charge; and fbr 
hb encouragement, promise him one hundred 
merks yearly, beside the sixty pounds formerly 
promised, and to provide him with a convenient 
house in which to teach the scholars, during the 
time Montgomery may continue to hold his situ- 
ation. The Earl of Kilmarnock coincided in this 

11th May 1786.~John Boswell of Bahnuto 
interposes with Mr Montgomery, who agrees to 
resign on the terms formerly proposed. 

In reference to the origin of the burgh school, 
H'Kay says : ** We learn firom authentic records, 
that on Thursday, Sdd March 1727, the session 
of Kilmarnock being met and constituted — ^the 
Bev. Mr Paisley, moderator: 

^ Inter alia — ^The session agree to give forty 
pounds Soots per annum for encouragement of 
an English school, but only during pleasure, the 
Town Council granting twenty pounds Scots for 
the said end.' 

On the 17th November 1728, the session being 
met and constituted — 

Sederunt — ^The Bev. Mr Paisley, moderator, 
with Mr Hill and the elders : 

* Inter alia — ^The session, finding that the Pres- 
bytery will not sustain their grant of forty pounds 
yearly for encouraging an English school, unani- 
mously agree to stop ftirther payment of the said 

This was the orig^ of the burgh school of Kil- 
marnock, which was merged into the Academy 
m 1807. F^om 1786 till 1748 the salary was 
forty pounds Scots, or £3, 6s 8d sterling yearly; 
and from the latter date it varied till 1803, when 
Mr Andrew Henderson, the incumbent at that 
time, got it increased to L15, in consideration that 
the paroehial schoolmasters had got an augmen- 
tation of their salary.** 

There was, however, a school in Kilmarnock 
at a much earlier period. Amongst the Boyd 
papers in the Kihaamook charter chest, there is 
a scroll of a grant by James Lord Boyd — " ffor 
the pious zeale and love we have for the educa- 
tioune and learning off zoung ones, and for keip- 
ing ane schoole within the parocheiiie of the Old 

Kirk of Kilmarnock, and for provisioune of ane 
constant rent and stipend for holding ane schoole- 
maister in the said parocheine of the Old Kirk 
of Kilmarnock, quho may also serve as musician 
in the said Old Kirk in all tyme coming.** The 
Earl being patron of the said kirk, assigns and 
allocates certain teinds and vicarage dues for the 
above purpose. There is no date to this scroll, 
but there can be no doubt that the grantor was 
James eighth Lord Boyd, who died in March 
1654 ; and from the words of the document itself, 
making special reference to *^ the Old Kirk of Kil- 
marnock,** it is apparent that it must have been 
written after 1641, the year in which the parish 
of Fenwick was disjoined from that of Kilmar- 
nock, the church of which was called ^* the New 
Kirk of Kilmarnock.** It therefore foUbws, that 
the grant for the erection of the school must have 
been made between the years 1641 and 1664. 

15th June 1786. — ^The town gives L.30 sterling 
to aid the coal work at Dean, on the same terms 
as the other subscribers, in consideration that it 
will be of great benefit to the town. 

This was, we should think, the first coal 
dug in 'the parish of Kilmarnock, so long had 
that mineral wealth upon the Kilmarnock estates, 
which in our own times has added so much to the 
prosperity of the community, been allowed to lie 
dormant. The coal, it seems, was wrought with- 
out sinking, and the field in the neighbourhood 
of Dean Castle still wears the appearance of hav- 
ing been the scene of extensive operations. 

22d May 1741. — ^In consequence of the dearth 
and scarcity, one hundred bolls of meal to be 
purchased of a cargo arrived at L^ne fit>m the 
north of Scotland — ^not above L.IO Scots per 

" I9th May 1744.— We, the Earl oi Kilmar- 
nock, the Baillies, Thesaurer, and members of 
the Town Council of Kilmarnock above named 
and subscribing, all convened in Council, being 
deeply sensible of the pernicious consequences of 
the immoderate use of- French wines and spirits, 
in public houses, drinking of tea thro* the king- 
dom, especially amongst the people of lower 
ranks, which is carried to so extravagant ane 
excess, to the great injury of this nation, by the 
exportation of their specie, discouragement of 
the national produce, and detriment to the con- 
stitution of the people, by all which the nation 
is reduced to the last ebb, and is upon the brink 
of destruction, do therefore resolve and promise 
that ftom and after the first day of July next to 
come, we and each of us will moderate and dis- 
courage the drinking of tea in our severall fomilys; 
that we will not drink in any publick hoijse, or 
drink or use any way in our private houses any 



French brandy or other French spirits; and, as 
much as lyes in our power, discourage the drink- 
ing and importation of French wines ; that we 
will encourage and assist the officers of the re- 
venue in preventing the clandestine importing of 
French wines and spirits, and of tea, and suppres- 
sing the smuggling and vending of them in ihe 
country by wholesale or retail, and bringing to 
punishment all persons guilty thereof, by publicly 
informing and putting the laws in execution 
against them ; and that we will exhort the com- 
munty, as well as our tennants, cotters, and ser- 
vants, to do their duty on the same accounts ; 
that we will encourage all public houses who do 
retail strong ale, twopenny ale, and spirits made 
Irom malt and other grain, and will discourage all 
those who sell and retale French brandy and other 

The contraband trade was carried on to a 
great extent at this period, hence the attempt 
of the Earl and other influential parties to check 
the consumption of foreign spirits, which was no 
doubt highly injurious to the nation in every 

Aug. 26, 1745.— The Earl and Council pre- 
sent. Heard petition read praying for the privi- 
ledge of imposing two pennies on the ale, &c. 

l^e Earl of Kilmarnock had thus tak^n a deep 
interest in the welfiune of the burgh by presiding 
at the Council meetings up almost to the very 
hour in which he engaged in the unhappy affair 
of 1746-6. 

May G, 1751 — ^A shank (coal-pit) agreed to be 
sunk in the holm of the town^s ground adjoining 
the Dean Park, where coal had previously been 
wrought without sinking. The coal at the Dean 
works had become scarce by this time. 

Seeing the inconvenience of keeping the 

timber mercat (the fuel market?) at the Cross, 
some other place to be found for it. 

1751. — ^The old school-house burnt, and new 
one to be built on the same site. 

Nov. 17, 1753. — The Council order a water 
machine, or fire-engine, to be purchased; the 
first article of the kind, no doubt, in the burgh. 

2l8t Nov. 1764. — Resolve to prosecute Mr 
Dalrymple of Orangefield for L.6 sterling, due 
for the gin and other machinery of the town^s 
ooal-work, which he got four years ago. 

Dec. 19, 1767.— The state of the public roads 
seems to have engaged the attention of the com- 
munity at this period, for we find the Town 
Council acting with the committee of gentlemen 

* To this minnte is attached the holograph signature of 
the Earl of Kilmarnock. It is written in a roond, legible 

appointed to inquire into the state of the respec- 
tive trusts. 

May 3, 1768. — ^The Whipmen's Society sanc- 
tioned by the Council. 

Sept. 12, 1771.— General Paoli, and Count 
Barzinski, ambassador firom the King and States 
of Poland at the Court of Great Britain, visited 
Kilmarnock on the Sabbath-day, during divine 
service, to stay a few minutes only. The eldest 
magistrate, following the instructions of the 
Council of the previous day, presented them with 
the freedom of the burgh. This occurred on the 
8th September. The General and Ambassador 
replied in French. 

Nov. 17, 1772. — James, Lord Kilmaurs, one 
of the Councillors. 

March 8, 1787. — ^The Coimcil, understanding 
that it is proposed that the present mail coach 
which runs to Carlisle, shall proceed as far as 
Glasgow, by the way of Lockerby, Douglas Mill, 
&c., through a mountainous and almost unin- 
habited country, are desirous that the said coach 
should go by Annan, Dumfiries, Sanquhar, Kil- 
marnock, &c., to Glasgow, which would be a 
more commodious and speedy conveyance; they 
therefore appoint the magistrates, &c., to draw 
up a memorial to the Postmaster General of 
Scotland on the subject.* 

M^Kay has an amusing chapter on the pastimes 
and amusements of the inhabitants of Kilmarnock, 
and quotes the following extracts from the trea- 
surer's accounts, as illustrative of the hearty man- 
ner in which the king's birth-days were held : 

1718, Feb. 6. — ^Payt. for six load of coals for 
a bonfire, L.l, 16b. Scots. 

Feb. 12. — ^For ale for the Queen's birth night, 
L.l Scots. lUbbon for cockade to drummer's 
bonnet, 4s. Scots. 

March 4. — Paid at the Bailie's order to James 
Boyd for ale drank at the cross on Queen's birth 
night, L.l, 4s. Scots. 

1719. — iPaid to Bailie Moris for wine on King 
George's birth day, L.9, 18s. Scots. 

1787. — ^Paid for raisings and Almonds at King's 
birth day, L.l, 78. Scots. For ringing the bell, 
nuts, gunpowder, &c., L.3, 19s. Scots. For 2 
blew bonnets to John Lawry and Stenson at the 
King^s birth day, 12s. Scots. 

1740. — Given Robert Cumming for necessarys 
to repairing his drum, being broke at King's birth 
day, L.3, 12s. Scots. 

1770._By Wm. Wilson 16 bottles Port at 
King's birth day, at 18s. sterling per dozen. 

« The memorial proved ultimately eflTectual. The coach, 
the first that ever pasoed through the narrow atreeta of 
Kilmarnock, was called the Camperdown. 



L.1, 2s. 6d. By Alexander AGtchel 6 pints Rum 
made into punch King^s birth daj, L.1, 16b. Ster- 

" 1789.— To Nathan Hodge for attending King's 
birth day, 58. Ster.'^ This individual was a bar- 
ber, and attended, we believe, to make and serve 
oat the punch to the bailies and counciUors. 

** But one of the most important days of amuse- 
ment," continues the author, '* wasFastem's E'en, 
which was given up some time ago, after having 
been held annually for five centuries. '** ^*We 
have never heard any of our aged townsmen talk 
of the Maypole, or rural festival of the first of 
May, being observed in the district. The foU 
lowing entry, however, in the Town Treasurer's 
book, for 1780, would imply that such was the 
esse about that period : — '^ Paid Robert Fraser, 
for dressing a Maypole^ 2s. 6d. sterling." This is 
certainly the latest notice of the Maypole in Scot- 
land with which we are acquainted — that pastime 
having been strictly put down by act of Parlia- 
ment immediately after the Reformation. 

Curiing in winter was a favourite amusement 
of the Elilmamock burghers in ancient times 
as well as the present. " The Cross, too," says 
M^Eay, " strange as it may appear, was sometimes 
ooDvertM into a curling pond. The late Ro- 
bert Montgomery, Esq. of Bogston, who was 
the eldest son of Bailie John Wilson, merchant, 
Kilmarnock, and who adopted the name of Mont- 
gomery on inheriting the above mentioned estate, 
told our informant, James Dobie, Esq. of Crum- 
mock, Beith, that his father (Bailie Wilson) 
curied, in 1740, at the Cross of Kilmarnock, for 
twenty-three successive days, exceptmg Sundays. 
The water was raised firom a well, probably tiie 
present Cross well, and was dammed up for the 
purpose. The winter of 1740 was very severe, 
and long talked of as the hard winter." 

The aathor of the ^' History of Kilmarnock " 
has apparently overlooked the Bowling Club. 
This healthful and pleasant pastime used to be, 
and sdll is, we believe, a favourite with the 
wealthier classes of Kilmarnock. The follow- 
ing minute of Council throws some light on 
the origin of the Club: — 5th March, 1764. — 
Believe Wm. Paterson of any claim upon his 
Other's representatives for a shooting prize of 
L.5, which was, in or about the year 1740, put 
into the defunct's hands towards erecting a Bowl- 
ing Green and purchasing bowls, as being then 
thought a more agreeable diversion than shooting, 
on his obligation for repeating the same, if ever a 

* The anthor docs not give his authority for this state- 
ment, althoogh we beUeve the amnsement to liave been of 
asdent origin. 

VOL. U. 

majority of the contributors demand it for any 
other use. Thus we see that bowling had not 
been practised in Kilmarnock before 1764; but 
how soon afterwards we cannot say, although 
there can be little doubt that the L.5 for a shoot- 
ing prize lodged in the hands of the father of 
William Paterson was the origin of the Bowling 

There is no historical event of much importance 
connected with Kilmarnock, and yet there are 
not a few incidents having reference to the lo- 
cality which ought not be overlooked by the 
topographical historian. In vol, i., p. 87, of this 
work, we were led to make some remarks on 
^* Mdcymokis way,^^ at a pass of which, accord- 
ing to Barbour, Sir James Douglas and about 
forty adherents defeated a thousand of the Eng- 
lish troops under Sir Philip de Mowbray. We 
were led into these by the statement of David 
MTherson, who, in explanation, says " Mokyr- 
nockis way is a narrow pass on the bank of 
Makymock Wattyr," near Kilmarnock. We have 
since found that ^' Makymockis way" was a path 
through the forest which at one time overspread 
the greater part of the north part of Cuninghame, 
including tlie parishes of Dunlop, Beith and Stew- 
arton,* so that Kilmarnock cannot, as MTherson 
would hf ve it, lay any peculiar claim to the pass 
where De Mowbray was so signally overthrown. 

Pont ascribes another somewhat obscure inci- 
dent to the locality: "Item, not far from Kil- 
marnock, in ye midell of ye river Lrwin, wes the 
Read Steuart slaine, after he had reccaved a Bcs- 
ponce from a vitch yat he should not perrish nather 
in Kyle nor zet in Cnnninghame, the said river 
being the merch betwixt the two, and being in 
nather of them.*^ 

Were tradition, or Chambers* " Picture of Scot- 
land,'* to be credited. Dean Castle, in the yicinity 
of Kilmarnock, must have Lad the honour of a 
visit from the troops of Edward I. — " The an- 
cient family of Ci*afurdland," says this authority, 
"was always in strict league with their neighbours, 
the Boyds of Dean Ca^e ; and there was a sub- 
terraneous commuxucation between the two houses 
for the mutual use of both, in case of cither being 
besieged. An authentic and most valuable anec- 
dote, illustrative of the ancient modes of life, is 
preserved in connexion with this conveniency, 
the ori6ce of which was only closed up at Crau- 
furdland on the late modification of the house. 
It was the forEune of Dean Castle to be beleaguer- 
ed by the troops of Edward I., who, being unable 
to reduce it by force, lay for three months around 
it, in the hope that a famine in the garrison would 

• Chartulaiy of Taialey. 



ultimately make it smrender. To their infinite 
surprise, the garrison of the Castle one morning 
hung a great display of new-killed beef over the 
battlements, and tauntingly inquired if the be- 
siegers were in need of provisions, as the garrison 
had a considerable quantity which they did not 
expect to use. At this the English commander, 
unable to solve the mystery, thought proper to 
raise the siege, and tiy his arms upon some for- 
tress of less inexhaustible resources." Unfor- 
tunately for the authenticity of this ^^ authentic 
and most valuable anecdote," the Boyds were 
not in possession of Dean Castle during the reign 
of Edward I. It was not until after the final 
triumph of Bruce at Bannockbum that he con- 
ferred these lands, forfeited by John de Baliol, 
upon his faithful adherent, Sir Robert Boyd.* 

After the accession of the Boyds, the tenantry 
both of the burgh and barony of Kilmarnock, no 
doubt, frequently followed the lord of the manor 
to the field in the various conflicts, civil as well 
as foreign, in which they were engaged : but the 
page which is freshest and most distinctiy marked 
in the annals of Kilmarnock, refers to the long 
struggle for civil and religious liberty during the 
seventeenth century. As already shown m the 
first volume of this work, pp. 116, 117, &c. Al- 
aster McDonald or M^Cole, nephew of* the Lord 
of the Isles, who commanded the Irish division 
in the army of Montrose, established his head- 
quarters in Kilmarnock immediately after the vic- 
tory of Kilsyth in 1645, as well to inspire confi- 
dence in those friendly to the cause as to levy 
contributions firom those opposed to it. There is 
no tradition or record, however, of any material 
loss sustained by the inhabitants at tiiis parti- 
cular crisis. 

Another General of still greater notoriety hon- 
oured Kilmarnock by making it his head quarters. 
This was General Dalziel, with his soldiers, after 
the battie of Pentiand in 1667. He is said to 
have exacted fifty thousand merks — an enormous 
sum in these days — ^firom the inhabitants of the 
burgh, and to have enacted many cruelties in 
suppressing the attenders of conventicles — all of 
which have been duly chronicled in Wodrow 

Whigs m 1678. The loss sustained upcn this 
occasion by ^* the town of Kilmarnock, toad lands 
belonging to my lord within the parish, quarten, 
dry quarters, and plunder, [was] £5918 Scots." 
According to some authorities — ^we forget whether 
Robert Chambers is amongst the number — ^it was 
not all loss to the burghers, for they gained the 
art of manufacturing blue bonnets firom the High* 
landers I We need not remind our readers of the 
authenticity of this statement, if they have paid 
attentioU to the various extracts produced firom 
the town records in reference to the trade of KH- 

Li 1683, according to Wodrow, lieut-Colonei 
Buchan held a court at Kilmarnock, when sevcnd 
parties were tried for their alleged concern in the 
rising at Bothwell. Amongst others, John Nis- 
bet of Hardhill was condemned for his share in 
that affidr. He was executed at the Cross of 
Kilmarnock on the 14th April 1683. '^ The spot 
where the gallows stood," says M^Kay, '' is still 
marked by the initials of his name, formed with 
white stones, at the south comer of the Cross." 

The Revolution of 1688 brought a happy re- 
lease to the persecuted ; and by none was it hailed 
with greater enthusiasm than the people of Kil- 
marnock. In 1715, when the Earl <^ Mar un- 
furled the standard of the Pretender, they gather- 
ed strongly, and with great spirit, under the Eari 
of Kilmarnock, in defence of the House of Han- 
over. At the general muster of the Fencibles at 
Irvine, in August 1715, the Earl, according to 
Rae's '^ History of the Rebellion," appeared ^'st 
the head of above five hundred of his own men, 
well appointed, and expert in the exercise of their 
arms." Rae goes on to state, in compliment to 
the gallantry of the men of Kilmarnock, that 
^^ on Sabbath the 18th of September, two gentle- 
men from Glasgow came here [Kilmarnock] re- 
presenting the danger the city was in by the num- 
ber and nearness of the enemy, who were reported 
to be marching straight thither in order to sur- 
prise it, while it wanted sufficient defence through 
the absence of their own men, who, at the desire 
of the Duke of Argyle, were marching to Stirling. 
This sudden and surpriang alarm so animated the 

and the " Scots Worthies," and are too well people, that on Monday, September 19, they uni- 

known to be repeated here. 

Kilmarnock also sufiered severely during the 
*^ Highlandman^s Year," as it is called, when the 
Highland Host was brought down by the execu- 
tive to live at firee quarters among the Western 

* It Ib laid that Sir Bobert had two charten cf these 
lands from Bobert I., one in 1808, and the other In 1816. 
The latter we have eeen. It ia preflerred in good order in 
the Boyd Charter chest at Kilmarnock. It Is dated 8d 
Hay, in the tenth year of King Bobert's reign. 

versally assembled in arms by the snnriw'ng, and 
in presence of the Earl of Kilmarnock, offered 
cheerfully to march forthwith to Glasgow; and 
accordingly, 220 men, who were best prepared, 
marched with the greatest alacrity (even those 
who contributed for the subsistence of others not 
exempting themselves), and having come to Glas- 
gow tiiat day, to the great satifl&ction of the in- 
habitants, were received and entertained with all 
the marks of firiendship and gratitude. Next day 



tho Eaii came in hiniAelf with 120 men, whose 
presence very much added to the general aatis- 
fiiction and courage of the city ; and so they were 
the first of all the western parts that came to the 
anistanoe of Glasgow, excepting Paisley, who, 
Ijing only about six miles off, were in about two 
hours before them* Next day they entered upon 
duty, keeping watch and ward night and day, till 
Saturday the 1st of October." 

The Kilmarnock men, headed by the Earl, next 
proceeded to PerUishire, and were stationed at 
Gartatan House from the 3d to the 13th of Oc^ 
tober, to overawe the celebrated Rob Roy and 
his band of Macgregors. They were relieved by 
the Stirlingshire Militia, and returning to Glas- 
gow, were *^ honourably dismissed" on the 2l8t 
of November. 

True to their constitutional principles, the men 
of Kilmarnock took no part with their unhappy 
chief^ the last of the Earls of Kilmarnock, in ^e 
gallant but hopeless attempt to restore the House 
of Stuart in 1745. A tradition is current that his 
lordship endeavoured to shake their loyalty, by 
inducing them to join the standard of the Prince. 
Hiis is not supported by any evidence; and the 
Earl himself, in his petition to the Prince of Wales, 
states, "that he influenced neither tenant nor 
follower of his to assist or abet the rebellion; but 
on the contrary, that between the time of the bat- 
tle of Preston and hu unhappy junction with the 
rebels, he went to the town of Eolmamock, in- 
flueuced the inhabitants as far as he could, and 
by thdr means likewise influenced the neigh- 
bouring boroughs to rise in arms for his Majesty's 
flerrice, which had so good an effect that two hun- 
dred men of Ejlmamock appeared very soon in 
arms, and remained all the winter at Glasgow, or 
other places as they were ordered." 

The only allusion to this period we have found 
in the Town Records is as follows: " 13th Sep- 
tember 1745.— The Council agree [the Earl not 
present] that, in the present critical conjuncture, 
when threatened with ane invanon into the neigh- 
bourhood of this countrey, and because of the 
many stragling people and strangers in the place 
from the Highlauds and other parts of the coun- 
trey, the town-guard be raised, and kept each 
night by a sufficient number of men." 

M^Kay tells an amusing anecdote illustrative of 
the loyalty of the burghers of Kilmarnock: "A 
party of marauders," he says, " had come so far 
vest as the town of Stewarton; and, in conse- 
quence of their arrival there, a report was in- 
stantly circulated that a considerable body of the 
insurgents were on their march from Glasgow to 
the west, for the purpose of ransacking Kilmar- 
nock. This rumour created an unusual sensation 

in Auld Killie. The town-drummer speedily pa- 
trolled the streets, and gave warning of the ap- 
proaching danger; at the sametime he announced 
that a public meeting would be held at the Neth- 
erton, for the purpose of devising measures for 
the protection of life and property. A large 
number of weavers, shoemak^, and bonnet- 
makers, were soon on the ground, armed with old 
swords, muskets, and other weapons. After two 
or three thrilling speeches had been delivered, 
respecting the cruelty and thievish propensities of 
the Highlanders, it was agreed that the meeting 
should march in a body to meet the invaders, and 
give them battle before they reached the outskirts 
of the town. It was resolved that the women, 
during the absence of their husbands, should con- 
trive means for securing everything that the moun - 
taineers were likely to covet, such as pewter-plate, 
wearing apparel, &c., which they immediately did, 
by sinking the former in the open wells at the 
back of their houses, and by concealing the latter 
about the hedges in the vicinity. In the mean- 
time the Kilmarnock heroes, with flying colours, 
passed through the centre of the town, up Soulis 
Street and Townhead, thence to the highway lead- 
ing to Glasgow; but, on coming to CraigspotUj 
they learned from some travellers that the report 
which had caused so much alarm was all a hoax I 
— ^that no soldiers were on the road — that the 
Ftetender and his army had left Glasgow, and 
were supposed to be on their way to Stirling. 
Our worthy volunteers then returned to the town ; 
and, on arriving at the Cross, discharged their 
muskets into the air, gave three hearty cheers for 
King Creorge, and, unscathed by dirk or broad- 
sword, repaired to their respective dwellings. 

'^ The majority of the inhabitants, therefore, 
were opposed to the House of Stuart, and we have 
heard of only one man whose principles inclined 
to the side of the Jacobites; but he evidently 
wanted the chivalrous spirit with which the true 
followers of ^bonnie Prince Charlie* were actu- 
ated. This individual was conmionly called Auld 
SouUst from the circumstance of his residing in the 
house next to Lord Soulis* monument. A day or 
two previous to the battle of Falkirk he left Kil- 
marnock, and went to that town to gratify his 
curiosity, as he said, by seeing Prince Charles and 
his army. When he arrived in Falkirk, he was 
immediately accosted by some of the Highlanders, 
who asked, with an air of authority, whence he 
had come? He answered that he had come from 
Ayrshire, was friendly to the Prince, and was an 
acquaintance of the Earl of Kilmarnock, to whom 
he had a letter. '^ Join our party then, an* pe 
tam to you,** said one of the Highlanders, ^* an* 
no pe stanin* there like some stupid deevil, or by 



Cot her nainsers dirk shall mak you do your duty.^^ 
Auld Soulis, on hearing such vehement language, 
began to wish he was again in Kilmarnock ; but, 
anxious to see the battle, which was expected 
every hour to commence, he contrived to linger 
about the place until it was over; and besides 
seeing the hostile encounter, he had the satisfac- 
tion of beholding the young Pretender conducted 
by torch-light to his lodgings in Falkirk. Next 
day Auld Soulis was seized by the insurgents, and 
commanded to follow them in their march towards 
Stirling, and lead a horse on which were placed 
two wounded men. Afi^d to act contrary to or- 
ders, he took the horse and men under his charge, 
and proceeded slowly behind the army; but, on 
coming to a turn in the road, where an eminence 
concealed him from their view, he left the two in- 
valids to their fate, and hurried homeward, car- 
rying along with him a loaf he had got for their 
use. He had not gone far, however, when he was 
met by several hungry Highlanders, who plun- 
dered him not only of the loaf, but of the very 
shoes that were on his feet. We may add, that 
Auld Soulis, in the course of two or three da^'s, 
was again in Kilmarnock, amusing his friends with 
an account of his wonderful adventures at Fal- 

The news of the decisive battle of Culloden 
was received with so much delight by the in- 
habitants of Kilmarnock, that they held a public 
rejoicing on the subject — ^a fact sufficiently at- 
tested by the following entry in the treasurer's 
accounts: — ^^ Acct. of Entertfdnment at Rejoicing 
on the victory of Colodin fight, to Will. Walker, 
May 1746, £17 Scots." " About the sametime," 
says M'Kay, " the Duke of Cumberland's birth- 
day was celebrated here, and £7, 10s. Scots ex- 
pended by the bailies and councillors on the occa- 


Notwithstanding the decided opposition of the 
inhabitants to the cause espoused by the Earl of 
Kilmarnock, the Town Coundl, on the 20th July 
1746, unanimously petitioned the Government in 
behalf of their unfortunate chief. No appeal, 
however, as is well known, oould save him. 

In 1764, the peace of Kilmarnock was greatly 
disturbed by the violent settlement of the Rev. 
William Lindsay in the second charge of the Low 
Church. The presentee was inimical to the ma- 
jority of the parishioners, but the patron, the Earl 
of Glencaim, was inexorable^ and a riot was the 
consequence. Bums, in his " Ordination,'' thus 
alludes to the affidr: 

** Curst oommon sense, that imp o^ hell. 
Cam in wi' Ma|^e Lauder." 

Mr Lindsay was a preacher of liberal sentiments 
— too liberal for the " true blue " professors of 

*' Auld Killie " — whence the bard's allusion to 
'^ common sense." Margaret Lauder was the 
name of the clergyman's wife ; and as she had 
been formerly in Uie service of the Glencaim 
&mily as housekeeper or governess, it was pre- 
sumed that the appointment had been obtained 
through her influence. On the day of induction 
an immense crowd collected, and a serious riot 
ensued. The Earl of Glencaim was himself 
struck on the cheek with a dead cat, and several 
others of the gentlemen and clergymen were 
more or less abused and injured. The following 
account of the riot is from the ^* Caledonian 
Mercury" of July 21, 1764:—" By a letter from 
Kilmarnock we learn, that on Thursday se'en- 
night, the day appointed by the General Assem- 
bly for the transportation of the Rev. Mr Lind- 
say from the Cnmbraes to Kilmarnock, the 
patron, with a number of gentlemen and ministers, 
went to the church, in oixler to proceed in the 
settlement ; but divine service was not well begun, 
when a mob of disorderly persons broke into the 
church, throwing dirt and stones, and making 
such noise, that Mr Brown, the minister who 
officiated, could not proceed, on which the patron, 
with the gentlemen and ministers, retired to a 
house in the neighbourhood ; 'tis said Mr Lind- 
say is to be ordained in the P^resbytery house m 

The authorities of Kilmamock waited upon the 
Earl of Glencaim, and affected to be very wroth 
against the abettors of the riot ; and, on Oie 20th 
July 1764, the Council offered a reward for their 
apprehension. A number of persons were ac- 
cordingly apprehended. Referring agun to the 
" Caledonian Mercury " of 1764, we find that 
" Alexander Thomson, William Wyllie, James 
Crawford, John Hill, Adam White, David Dun- 
lop, William Nemmo, William Davies or David- 
son, Hugh Thomson, alias Bulloch, with Robert 
Creelman, tradesmen and journeymen in Kilmar- 
nock, were indicted for raising a tumult at and 
in the church of Kilmamock at the settlement of 
Mr Lindsay as minister of that parish in July last. 
The last seven were acquitted by the jury, and 
the first three found guilty, and sentenced to be 
imprisoned for a month, and whipt through tiie 
streets of Air, and to find caution for keeping 
the peace, and a good behaviour for a twelve- 

The " Scoffing Ballad " aUnded to by Bums, 
has been preserved in ^^ The Ballads and Songs 
of Ayrshire,"* and in "The History of Kilmar- 

* T. G. Stevenson, boolueller, 67 rrincoa Street, Edinburgh. 



Various serious fires have occurred in Kilmar- 
Rock. One in 1670, according to the author of 
^* Caledonia," ^^when a public collection was 
made for the sufierers by the direction of the 
Diocesan Synod; and again in 1800, when up- 
wards of thirty houses, as well as the Holm 
School, were destroyed. The houses were roofed 
with thatch, and the weather being dry, the fire 
spread with great rapidity. 

Another serious accident occurred the following 
year, on Sabbath the 18th of October 1801, in the 
old Low Church. The building, which was at 
best limited and incommodious, had long been 
considered in an unsafe state. On that day it was 
particularly crowded, and a small piece of plaster 
having fallen from the roof, or as some said a 
seat cracked in one of the galleries, a panic 
ensued, and in the wild and tumultuous rush to 
escape firom what they conceived to be a falling 
fabric, a scene of indescribable confusion and 
suffering followed. Twenty-nine persons were 
killed on the spot, and upwards of eighty more 
bjured. A liberal subscription was immediately 
entered into by the magistrates of the burgh, and 
the wealthier classes in the vicinity, as well as by 
the nobility and gentry of the county, which in 
80 far tended to the relief of those who had been 
deprived of their "bread-vrinner." The church, 
after inspection, was immediately taken down, 
and the present new, large and conmiodious build- 
ing erected nearly on the same site, so anxious 
were the heritors to remove all risk of a similar 

We have thus glanced over all that may be 
considered notable in the history of Kilmarnock. 
It remains only to be stated, to the credit of the 
people, that during the French war they were not 
behind their forefathers in the manifestation of 
their loyalty when danger was apprehended. Two 
regiments were formed in the parish, the Sharp- 
shooters or Rifles, commanded by Captain James 
Thomson, and the Volunteers, commanded by 
Major Parker of Assloss ; and the military en- 
thusiasm of the period was kept alive by a con- 
tinued series of military exercises, mock battles, 
aeges, &c., so that both regiments attained con- 
siderable perfection in the art of war. Even 
during what is called the ** Radical period'* — 
1819-20 — a body of volunteers was formed, and 
continued in arms so long as it was deemed ne- 
cessai}-. The mass of the inhabitants of Kilmar- 
nock at this time, however, were decidedly op- 
posed to the policy of the Government, and some 
of them had made themselves rather conspicuous 
at public meetings, and as members of private 
dubs ; so much so that they became marked men 
in the ctes of the Government officials. Many 

of the inhabitants must still recollect of the town 
being surrounded, on the morning of the 14th 
April 1820, by the regiment of Edinburgh Yeo- 
manry Cavalry, accompanied by a piece of ord- 
nance, or flying artillery, which, placed in posi- 
tion at the Cross, remained there ready for ex- 
ecution in any direction. The inhabitants were 
greatly surprised at this sudden invasion, the 
object of which was to command all the roads 
and avenues leading to or from the town, so as 
to prevent any one firom escaping, while a vigo- 
rous search was being made for the ringleaders 
of the disaffection in tlie town. The officers of the 
law, however, missed their mark it is understood ; 
the more guilty having been made aware, through 
some channel or other, of what was intended, 
made their escape some time previously. On 
turning over some of the Edinburgh periodicals 
lately we wera amused to find the event cele- 
brated in a humorous song, which we deem worthy 
of being transferred to our pages, as illustrative 
of an event which may perhaps engage the at- 
tention of some future local historian. It is as 
follows : — 


AiA— " Blaok Joke.** 

Let 08 sing of the heroes that marched fh)m yon town, 
TO keep liberty np, to put Badicals down, 

With their long spnn and sabres so bright, 
Their majestic manoeavres in cross-road and* lane — 
Their walk on the hUl, and their trot on the plain — 
The butts that were shed, and the beeves that were slain, 
Starap'd immortal renown on the Western Campaign, 

And the long spurs and sabres so bright. 

Through Auld Beekie thy note. Preparation I was heard, 
The hallowing of Horne, and the bellow of Bauu>, 

For thehr long spurs and sabres so bright. 
At their magical call, what a muster began! 
What a figging of horse I what a rigging of men! 
Lawyers flung by the fee-book to ftirbish their pops. 
And mettlesome merchants strode fierce firom their shops. 

With their long spurs and sabres so bright. 

Twas at Bathgate this war might be said to commence. 
To the tune, as was fitting, of *' D — n the expense !" 

By our long swords and sabres so bright. 
As the Waterloo cheesemongers batter'd the French, 
So these nurslings of luxury, stretched on a bench. 
In a pitifbl pot-house durst patiently snore. 
Or boldly bivouack'd round a bowl on the floor. 

All in long spurs and sabres so bright. i 

.Tet ere long they were destined still higher to soar. 
In endurance heroic, on Slammanan Moor, 

In their long spurs and sabres so bright. 
On that scene of devotion there tvdnkled no star: — 
The occasional flash of a lighted dgar 
Scarce sufficed to distingui^ a friend finom a foe. 
Or the wet Mandarin fivm a tnmip scare-crow. 

Spite of long spurs and sabres so bright. 

* This song is, we believe, one of the many standan} 
ditties of the Edinburgh Yeomanry Cavalry's Mess. It 
was written by one of ^emselves, in Jocular commemora- 
tion of a march to Lanarkshire and Ayrshire, when these 
districts were in a disturbed condition in the spring of 
1820. — [Note by the author we presume.] 



Neither pot-ltoiue^ dot pent-house^ Bor pea-ebed wbs h«rflb 
Nor the heart-stiiring olonk of one cork of snudl-beor. 

To greet long spars and sabres so bright ; 
Tet, all sleepless and ikgged, when to Airdrie th^ came. 
Colonel Smith canters in vrith a Tlsage of flame; 
** There's a thousand hot oolliers," quoth hei ** I^e Jnst 

Beviewed by old Soolt on a ikrmer^ back green; 

Qo it, long span and sabres so bright r 

There was moanting in haste beside Airdrie*s oanal : 
Erery pistol was oock*d— some were loaded with ball — 

B^des long spars and sabres so bright 
Oyer ditches and dikes, and throogh marshes and mire, 
They gallop— yoa need not be told they perspire; 
Sure the ikolt was not theirs, if they nothing espied 
But a gay penny-wed^ng npon the hill-side. 

With its craok'd fiddles and fiiTOurs so white. 

** Hey for Glasgow, that hot-bed of wealth and of war. 
There at least yoa'll not banlk as,** qooth every hossar, 

With his long spars and sabres so bright. 
Call inactive, an please yon, these traitor poltroons, 
Bot accord the Jost meed to onwearied dragoons ; 
Mars approved of their vigour at dinner and Innch, 
And Broomielaw Naiads poor'd oceans of panch 

(yet the long spars and sabres so bright. 

In the dead of the night, with twelve pounders behind. 
To surprise strong Kilmarnock, more fleet than the wind 

Bode the long spors and sabres so bright. 
Their investing that city of iU-dispoeed men. 
Might have htnioared a Conde, a Saxe, a Tarrenne; 
But their march had been beat by the Kilwinning Fly, 
And the cursed cowl-knitters escaped, being shy 

Of their long spors and sabres so bright. 

When one greasy disciple of Carlisle and Hone 
Had surrendered his shuttle, ' Te Deum ' was blown 

By young Napier, who flourish'd his bugle so bright. 
Next they Straven blockaded: — ^if weavers were fled. 
At least whisky and gingerbread staid in their stead ; 
So the holsters were cramm'd, and the leaguer was raised. 
And the old women, lighting their cutty pipes, gazed 

After long spurs and sabres so bright. 

Bellona thus bearded, Minerva struck dumb-^ 
To Auld.Beekie once more the Invindbles comcb 

With their long spurs and sabres so bright : 
O, what grateflil caresses, fh>m matron and maid. 
Must reward tiieir exertions in stonn and blockade ; 
Trophies bloody and bloodless are equally sweet. 
And ladies must yield them, like Bads, when they meet 

With the long spur and the sabre so bright. 

The Sesnon books date back to 1644, but they 
were not kept with any degree of regularity until 
a much later period. They present Utile of inter- 
est even to the local reader ; and we haye already 
quoted so largely from more important records 
tJiat we deem it unnecessary &rther to adyert to 


That the Romans, who traversed the banks of 
the Irvine from its source to its junction with 
the sea, had a station at Kilmarnock is very pos- 
sible. The site of the encampment is supposed 
to have been the Knockinlaw, where the Powder 
House now stands, an eminence, as the name 
implies, commanding an extensive view of the 

surrounding country. In the viGmity,undl within 

these few years, there was a well, long known as 

the '^Boman Well,^' and not far from it various 

urns and other remains of antiquity have from 

time to time been dug up. 

In the town of Kilmamodc itself there are few 

vestiges of antiquity. The most remarkable is 

that of Soulis Cross, which gives its name to one 

of the streets. It formerly consisted of *^ a rude 

stone pillar, about eight or nine feet high, on the 

top of which was fixed a small gilded cross." In 

1825 the inhabitants of that quarter of the town 

raised a subscription with the view of renewing 

the monument, which had become greatly dili^i- 

dated. A handsome fluted pillar has accordingly 

been erected in the same spot, in a niche of the 

wall which surrounds the High Church, fronting 

the street, bearing this inscription : — 

** To the memory of Loid SooUs, AJ>. 1444. 

Erected by subscription. AJ>. 1836. 

* The days (^ old to mhid I call.' 

Tradition states that Lord Soulis was an English 
nobleman, and that he was killed by an arrow 
fr^m the cross-bow of one of the Boyd family. 
M^Kay, in hb " History of Kihnamock,'* gives 
the tradition at length, and mentions, in evidence 
of the skirmish which is said to have taken place 
between the contending parties, that in " 1825, 
Mr Clark, farmer of Knockinlaw, when cutting a 
drain near the spot where this encounter is said 
to have happened, found at a considerable depth 
beneath the surface, a sword of rather ancient 
appearance ; but whether it was one of those used 
in the skirmish we have described is matter for 
conjecture,^^* It seems to be now impossible to 
trace the true history of the monument. 

The present steeple of Kihnamock formed part 
of the old church, taken down in 1801 aiier the 
melancholy catastrophe already mentioned. It 
bears the date 1711. The church itself, from its 
construction, with galleries and inside stairs, could 
not have been of ancient standing, however in- 
adequate to the wants of the parish or deficient 
in construction. It could not have been the 
" pretty church" spoken of by Pont, in which, 
he says, " are divers of ye Lord Boydes progeni- 
tors buried, amonges quhome ther is one tombe 
or stone bearing this inscription and coateif 

• If there is any truth in this tradition, the party by 
whom Soulis was slain most hare been either Robert Boyd, 
created a peer of parliament in 14ft9, or his brother Sir 
Alexander Boyd of Dunoow, who was considered ** a mir- 
ror of chivalry.'' Chalmers, anthor of ** Caledonia," is 
inclined to consider the whole as a flible, there behtg no 
Lord Soolis in Scotland, *' either as a friend or an enemy 
at this period." There is osnally, however, some finnda- 
tion for tradition. 

t A shield with the fesse cheque so well known as the 
fi^ly aims. 



Hicjaoet Thomas Boyde, Dominiu de Kilmar- 
nock, qui obit septimo die mensiB Julii 1432, and 
Johamia de Montgomery, eius sponsa. Orate pro 
lis. Ther is also ane Yiher tombe, not so ancient 
of Robert Lord Boyds, qoberon is this epitaph : 

Hdr la^ret yat godly noblei wyw Lord Boyde, 
Who Kirk and Kimg and GommonTeOl deoord, 
Vich ver, whill they this Jerell all inioyed* 
Manteined, governed, and cosnoelled by yat Lord. 
His aaeient hoosse (oft perilled) he restored i 
Twiase sex and sexty yeirs he lired, and syne. 
By death, ye third of Janaar denoid. 
In anno thvysse fyre hondereth aoghty nyne. 

Neir also unto this Robert Lord Boyd, layes in- 
terred Robert last Master of Boyde, who de- 
ceased in anno 1597." 

In the kirkyard there is a stone commemora- 
tiye of two martyrs, who were beheaded in Edin- 
burgh in 1666, and whose heads were set up in 
Klmamock. The inscription is as follows: — 
" Here He the Heads of John Ross and John 
Shields, who suffered at Edinburgh, Dec. 27th, 
1666, and had thdr Heads set up in Ejlmamock. 

Our persecutors mad with wrath and ire. 

In Edinbnigh members some do lye, some here ; 

Yet instantly nnited they shall be, 

And witness 'gainst this nation's peijnry." 

Another memorial of '^ the Persecution " is to 
be found in the following inscription upon *^ a 
plain but neatly executed stone," also in the 
burying ground : — " Sacred to the memory of 
Thomas Finlay, John Cuthbertson, William 
Brown, Robert and James Anderson, (natives of 
this parish), who were taken prisoners at Both- 
well, June 22nd, 1679, sentenced to transporta- 
tion for life, and drowned on their passage near 
the Orkney Isles. Also, John Finlay, who suf- 
fered martyrdom, 15th December 1682, in the 
Grassmarket, Edinburgh. 

Peace to the Chnreh i her peace no friends invade. 
Peace to each noble martyr's honoured shade ; 
They, with ondaunted courage, truth, and zeal. 
Contended for the Church and country's weal. 
We share the fruits, we drop the grateftil tear. 
And peaceful altars o'er thdr ashes rear." 

The fate of John Nisbet of Hardhill, executed 
at the Cross of Kilmarnock, is also recorded on 
a stone in the kirkyard : — '* Here lies John Nis- 
bet, who was taken by Major Balfour^s Party, 
and suffered at Kilmarnock, 14tb April, 1688, 
for adhering to the word of God and our Coven- 
ants. Rev. xii. & 11. 

Gome, reader, see, here pleasant Nisbet lies. 
His blood doth pierce the high and lofty skies ; 
Kflmamock did his latter hour peroeire. 
And Christ his soul to heaven did receive. 
Yet bloody Totrenoe did his body raise. 
And buried it into another place ; 
Saying, * Shall rebels lye in graves with me ? 
WeOl bury him where evil doers be !*" 

Dean Castle, — ^The ruins of Dean Castle, once 

the seat of the noble, but unfortunate fiunily of 
Boyd, are situated within a mile and a half of 
Kilmarnock. They stand on a gentle rising 
ground on the banks of the Kilmarnock, former- 
ly called, according to tradition, the Carih Water: 

" The Water of Garth rins by the Dean, 
That ance was Lord Boyd's lodgin': 
The lord wi' the loupen ban*. 
He lost his title and his Ian'."* 

This rhyme refers, of course, to the last Earl of 
Kilmarnock, who forfeited his title and estates 
by taking part in the rebellion of 1745. The 
^* loupen hand*^ is in allusion to the crest of the 
family, which is a dexter hand, couped at the 
wrist, erect, pointing with the thumb and two 
next fingers, the others turning down, with the 
motto, Confido, The castle originally consisted 
of a single, but strong, massive, oblong tower ; 
built, as Grose conjectures, about the beginning 
of the fifteenth century. According to Pont, 
who thus describes it, it must have had a much 
earlier origin: — *^ It is a staitly, faire, ancient 
building, arrysing in two grate heigh towers, 
and built around courteways vith fyve low 
buildings; it is veill planted, and almost envi- 
roned vith gardens, orchards, and a parke. It 
belonged first to ye Locartts, Lordes therof, then 
to the Lord Soulis, and now the chiefie duel- 
ling almost for 800 zeirs of ye Lords Boyde. 
Neir to it is ther a stone crosse, called to this 
day Soulis Crosse, quher they affirme ye Lord 
Soulis wes killed." The authority of Pont for 
this statement seems doubtful, in so fiu* that in 
the charter granted by Robert the Bruce to Sir 
Robert Boyd, dated 3d May 1316, the lands are 
stated to have previously belonged to John Baliol. 
The probability is, therefore, that the castle was 
built about this period. Besides the two towers, 
as described by Pont, one of the sides of the 
square is formed by the ruins of a more modem 
and commodious suite of apartments. This ad- 
dition was no doubt built by James eighth Lord 
Boyd, who succeeded to the title and estates on 
the death of his nephew in 1640. The arms of 
the fiuuily, with his initials, and an inscription 
below, are still, though much defaced, distin- 
guishable on the wall facing the court. The in- 
scription, which cannot now be clearly made out, 
seems to have been readable in 1789, when Grose 
took his drawing of the ruins. He gives it as 

follows : — 

<* James Lord of 


Dame Katherine Creyk 

Lady Boyd." 

This lady was daughter of John Craik, Esq., of 

• Taken ftom the recitation of an old faahabitant of 
KilmamOck, between 80 and 90 years of age. 



the city of York. It is thus pretty evident that 
the modem part of the castle was built some time 
after 1640. But the fact is still rendered more 
certain by an enumeration of the plenishing of the 
castle at the death of Thomas, fifth Lord Boyd, 
in June 1611, which shows, from the extent and 
nature of the articles, that the square tower only 
was then in existence. This list occurs in a 
charge upon a decreet obtained before the Lords 
of Council, at the instance of James Elphinstone 
of Wodsyde, "donatour of [a] gift of eschiet of 
Tmquhile Thomas Lord Boyd" against Dame 
Elizabeth Wallace, relict of the late Lord. This 
document, which bears to have been served on 
the 25th July, 1612, is amongst the Boyd papers. 
The list may be interesting to our readers, as 
illustrative of the ftirnishing of a nobleman^s 
house in Ayrshire, 239 years ago. We shall 
therefore make no apology for copying it verbatim 
from the original — 

^' Twa cowpis of siluer, every ane of thaim 
vechtain ten unce of siluer ; ane lang carpet, half 
worset half selk ; ane schort carpet for die chal- 
mer buird ; ane lang green buird daithe, the 
lengthe of the hfull buird ; twa schort greine buird 
dathis for the chalmer buird; four cuschownis of 
tripe veluet ;* four cushownis of carpet ruche 
vark ; thrie schewit cushownis of the forme of 
cowering vark ; four cushownis of ruishe vark ; 
twa lang buird daiths of fiandiris damais ; sax- 
teine seruietis f of damais ; ane lang domick t 
buird claithe ; ane lang damais towell ; ane cower 
buirde daithe of small lynyng ; ane dusoun of 
domick seruiettis ; ane braid domick towell ; 
twelf lang lyning buird daithis ; four dosun and 
ane half of lyning seruietis ; fywe buird daithis 
of grit lynyng ; fywe dosoun of round lynyng 
serueitis : aucht towellis of roun hardine ; four 
drinking dathis, twa thairof sewit with selk, and 
the vther twa plaine ; twa lynyng drinking daiths ; 
ane copbuird claith ; ane down bed ; aucht feddir 
beddis, with aucht bowsteris efiering thairto ; 
auchteine codis, pairtlie filed with downis and 
pairt with fedderis; auchtdne pair of dowbill 
blankettis; fywe cowerings of ruishe vark; ane 
fair rallow caddow ;§ sevin houshaild coweringis ; 
saxteine pair of lynyng schdttis ; twa pair of 
heid schettis of small lynyng, schewit with quhyet 
vork and perling ; twa pair of hdd schdttis, 
schewit with black selk ; ane pair of plaine hdd 
schdttis ; sax pair of heid scheittis ; ten cod- 

* Tripe rdaet — tn inferior kind of Telvet. 

t Seroietea (servettin) — stable napkins. 

X Domick — ^a species of linen table-cloth. 

4 Ballow caddow — a kind of streaked or rayed woollen 

waris* of small l3ming, schewit with black selk ; 
sax codwairis of small lynyne unschewit; ane 
stand of stampit crambassief vorset conrteinis, 
with ane schewit pand efiering yrto ; ane stand of 
greine diampit curteinis with ane pand efoing 
yrto ; ane vther stand of gray champit % vorset 
courteinis, vith the pand efiering yrto ; ane stand 
of greine pladine courtainis, with the pand efiering 
yrto ; ane stand of quhyet schewit courteinis ; 
ane pair quhyet vowen courteinis, with the pand 
efiering yrto ; seventie pewdir plaitis ; ane dosorni 
pewdir trunchoris; ten coweris of pewdir ; seviiH 
teine saisceris ; two new Inglis quart atowpis ; 
twa new quart fiacownis ; thrie ale tyne quart 
stouppis ; twa ale tyne quart fiacownis ; ane tyne 
pynt stoup ; twa new chalmer pottis ; four new 
tyne chandilieris ; fywe grat brassin chandilieris ; 
ane grit morter of brass, and ane iron pester ; 
twa tyne baasings, with ane lawer of tyne; five 
grit brass panis ; thrie meikle brassin pottis, and 
ane lytill brassin pot ; twa iron pottis ; ane gris- 
pan of brass, and ane pair of grat standard raxis ; 
fywe lang spdttis ; ane grit iron tank ; ane md- 
kill filing pan, and ane grit masking fintt ; thrie 
gyill fattis ; twa meikiU barrals ; four lytill bar- 
rails ; ane bumest, and twa grit iron chimnays ; 
twa pair of taingis ; ane chalmer chimnay ; twa 
lang hall buirds; thrie furmis; ane schort hall 
buird ; twa chalmer buirdis ; twa chyiris of aick ; 
ane copbuird of aick; sax bufiet stuiUs; ane 
meikill bybill ; twa mdkill meill gumells of aick; 
thrie cofferis ; twa grit kistis of aick for kciping 
of naipperie ; four less kistis, and ane candill kist ; 
twa stand bedis of aick." 

From this inventory may be traced the furni- 
ture peculiar to the various apartments in tbe 
tower, which consisted of four stories or fiats. 
The first, vaulted, was no doubt used partly as 
the keep and partly as the kitchen, to which the 
" twa grit iron chimnayis," the " standard raxis," 
the " fywe lang spettis," and other culinary im- 
plements, belonged. The second, which is also 
vaulted, formed the large or grand hall. Judg- 
ing of it even in its now ruinous state, it must 
have been a capacious and splendid apartment. 
It extended the whole length and width of the 
building. The roof is of great height, llie 
large " bumest " (bumished) chimney would 
grace the fire-place. The two chairs of oak 
would also bdong to it. It may seem rather 
curious that there should be only two chairs in a 
nobleman^s castle ; but the fact is easily accounted 
for, when it is known that seats of another de- 

• Codwairis — pillow-slips. 

t Crambasie (cranimasay) — crimson. 

i Champit — haying raised flgores. 



Bcription were used. The chain, in all likelihood, 
were placed at the head of the " buirds *' or tables, 
idiich, firom the number of them — two long and 
one short — seem to ha^e formed a double row : 
one of the long upon each side, and the short 
running across at the head of the hall. Stone 
seats, projecting from the walls on both sides, 
still remain; so that, with the three forms — 
mentioned in the list— placed parallel with the 
" buird ^ in the centre of the floor, there would 
be a double row of seats to each set of tables. 
Hiese coTered with Flander^s damask ; the stone 
seats, as well as the forms, laid over with cush- 
ions of Telyet or carpet rush work; the walls, no 
doubt, covered with tapestry ;* and the hall light- 
ed up with five great brazen chandeliers, some 
idea may be formed of the splendour of the apart- 
ment on occasions of festivity, when the oaken 
chairs were filled by the noble host and hostess 
of the castle, and tiie cushioned seats with the 
£ur and gallant of the land. On the third floor 
there seems to have been two principal chambers, 
besides smaller apartments, one only having a 
fire-place, aa there is no more than one ^^chalmer 
chimnay *' mentioned in the list. This apartment 
would contain one of the ^* twa stand bedis of aich,*^ 
with the down bed, the head sheets of fine linen 
" schewit with black selk and perling,^* the pillow 
slips of fine linen sewn with black silk, and the 
curtains of crammasy worsted. Add to this the 
carpet-covered " chalmer buird,*' three or four 
of the '* sax buffet stuills,*' with the walls hung 
with tapestry, and we have, in all likelihood, a 
&ir picture of the state bed-room of the Lords 
Boyd in the sixteenth and be^ning of the 
seventeenth centuries. The other chamber would 
be furnished after a similar and not much inferior 
fi»hion. The fourth and highest story would be 
occupied with the other beds — there having been 
nbe in all, " ane down bed " and " aucht feddir 
beddis.** For these there were ^ ^ auchteine pair of 
dowbiU blankettis'' — ^two pair of double blankets 
for each, besides coverings. 

Such was the plenishing of Dean Castle in 
1611. Save "ane meikle bybill'* (Bible) it does 
not appear that there was a book within its walls. 
According to tradition, the castle was destroyed 
by fire, through the carelessness of a laundry 
maid, in 1735, while the Earl of Kilmarnock was 
absent in France. We know, from the town 
books of EHmamock, that the Earl was in France 

* Ko meiitlon U made of topestiy in the Inventoiy, 
but ft WIS then oommon hi the homes of the nobility, and 
probably it might be regaxded as a flztnre. It was only 
to the moTeables and a certain sum of money that the 
gift at escheat to Elphfaisfeone extended. 


in 17S2-S — ^the Countess having been then em- 
powered to manage his estates in his absence ; so 
that the tradition is probably correct. It is said 
the first notice his lordship had of the event was 
in a London newspaper, on his arrival from France. 

Craufurdland Castle. — ^This ancient residence 
has beeai greatly augmented by recent additions, 
all in excellent keeping with the character of the 
building. The centre, erected by the present 
proprietor, is a fine G^othic structure. The most 
ancient part of it, the tower, is said, although 
upon what authority we know not, to have been 
*^ built prior to the days of William the Con- 
queror.^' The walls are of great thickness, and no 
doubt claim a remote antiquity. The situation 
of the castle is truly a delightful one. It stands 
on the summit of a steep bank, overlooking 
Craufurdland water, which bounds the estate 
upon one side, while Fenwick water limits it on 
the other, both of which streams take their rise 
in the ndghboaring moors, and umtmg at Dean 
Castle, form the KUmamock water. *^In the 
vernal season of the year,'* says the historian of 
Kilmarnock, *^ the romantic bank on which Crau- 
furdland castle is situated is covered with a beau- 
tiful sheet of yellow daffodils, indigenous to the 
soil. On this delightful spot Mrs Craufurd as- 
sembles yearly, in April, about 700 or 800 chil- 
dren, who are all supplied with a large bouquet. 
Some years the floral display is so luxuriant, that 
half as many more children might carry off its 
golden honours.*' The castle is surrounded with 
wood, and there are numerous shady avenues in 
the vicinity, as weU as a beautifiil l^ike, upon 
which, in the winter season, the animating game 
of curling is keenly contested by the curlers of 
Fenwick, Kilmarnock, &c., all of whom are made 
welcome by the proprietor. 

Eowallan Castle, — This mansion, deserted and 
in decay, save one or two apartments occupied 
by the baron bailie, is delightfiilly situated on the 
banks of the Carmel water. There are different 
dates upon the buildmg, which is of singular 
construction, with various initials, and the three 
mullets and a moor's head, the arms of the family. 
The principal and more ornamental part of the 
mansion appears to have been erected in 1562. 
There is, however, the fragment of a tower of 
much higher antiquity, situated on a projecting 
rock immediately in the rear of the more modem 
building. This is supposed to have been the 
birth-place of Elizabeth More, first wife of Ro- 
bert n. of Scotland ; and was anciently called, 
no doubt from its situation, the Craig of Row- 
allan. The Rowallan fiunily were zealous sup- 




porters of the Reformation, and the ooreiuuited 
cause of Scotland. Conventicles were not nnfire- 
quently held within the mansion, and one of the 
apartments, in which are preserved two " Kirk 
stools ^^ of the period, still bears the name of the 
»'Auld Kirk." 



Sir William Mure of RowaUan, author of the 
** True Crucifixe for True Catholikes," a metri- 
cal version of the Psalms of David, &c., deserves 
to be noticed under this head, although an out- 
line of his history and character will fall to be 
given when we come to the genealogical account 
of his family. We may observe, in passing, that 
he was a poet of no small reputation in his time, 
though few of his pieces are now known. 

The name of another and more popular poet, 
the Ayrshire Bard, can never be mentioned with- 
out calling forth the recollection that it was in 
Kilnuimock where the fint edition of the Poet^s 
works was printed, and where he met with some 
of his earliest and kindest patrons.* It is inti- 
mately associated, too, with several of his most 
spirited productions, " The Ordination," " The 
Twa Herds," " Tam Samson's Elegy," &c. Refer- 
ring to the Poet's frequent visits to Kilmarnock, 
and his intimacy with some of its most intelli- 
gent inhabitants, the historian of Kilmarnock re- 
marks that ^* nothing has been said, so far as we 
are aware, respecting the house of Sandy Patrick, 
in which the Poet was wont to spend many meny 
evenings in * Auld Killie,' with the hero of one of 
his fin^ poems, namely, Tam Samson, and other 
boon companions. Sandy, who was married to 
a daughter of Mr Samson's, brewed within his 
own premises the cap ale^ which the old sports- 
man used to drink with Bums and other social 
cronies after a day's shooting. Sandy's Public, 
which consisted of two stories, and which was 

* Thro* a* the streets and neuks o* KUlie' 

for its superior drink, was situated at the foot of 
Back Street, (at that time one of the principal 
thoroughfares of the town,) and was called ' The 
Bowling Green House,' from being near to the 
old Bowling Green, which lay immediately be- 
hind it, in the direction of the present George 
Inn. But, like Sandy himself, and the other jolly 
mortals who were accustomed to assemble within 

• Sec memoir of John Goldlc, "terror o' the Whigs," in 
" The Contemporaries of Oums." 

its walls, the house which the presence of genius 
had hallowed, and which would have been an 
object of interest to many at the present day, is 
now no more, having been taken down about the 
time that East George Street was formed. In 
our humble opinion, however, the name of Sandy 
Patrick is worthy of a place in the biograpfaies 
of the Poet, along with those of Kanse Tannock, 
Lucky Priugle, and Johnnie Dowie. 

" Bums tells us, in a note to the ^ Elegy on 
Tam Samson,' that this worthy sportsman, on 
one occasion, when going on a shooting excunioii, 
^ expressed a wish to die and be buried in the 
muirs,' and that * on that hint he composed his 
elegy and epitaph.' From a respectable source, 
we have learned the following additional parti- 
culars regarding the origin of the piece. On the 
occasion referred to, Mr Samson was longer than 
usual in returning from his ^ fields.' Bums was 
then in Kiknamock, and being in company with 
Mr Charles Samson [nephew of the sportsman], 
the conversation turned upon the shooting season. 
' By the bye. Bums,' said Charles, ^ have you heard 
anything of my uncle to-day ?' ^ Not a syllable,' 
replied the Btfd; * but why that question?' ' He 
has been longer ihan his wont in returning from 
his sports,' answered Charles, ^ and his wish about 
dying among the muirs has, perhaps, been rea- 
lised.' ' I recollect the words of tiie game old 
cock, but I tmst it will turn out otherwise.' The 
Poet, however, became a little thoughtful ; and, 
taking a piece of paper from his pocket, wrote 
the first draught of the elegy and epitaph. In 
the course of the evening Mr Samson returned, 
safe and sound. A meeting of his firiends took 
place, and Bums, of course, was one of the party. 
To amuse them he read the elegy. ' Na, na, 
Bobin,' .cried the subject of the poem, ' I'm no 
fond o' that moumfii' story ; I wad rather ye 
wad tell the world that I'm hide an hearty.' Bums, 
to gratiiy his fiiend, retired for a short time to 
another apartment, and wrote the Per Contra, 
with which he immediately returned, and read to 
the company : — 

* Go Fame, and canter like a flllie. 
Thro' a' the streets and neuks o' KiUie ; 
Tell every honest, social billie 

To cease bis grievin *; 
For, yet unscathed by death's gleg gollie. 

Tam Samson's livin.* 

The rehearsal of the verse, we need scarcely say, 
restored the old sportsman to his wonted good 

The late Sir James Shaw, Bart,y some time 
I«ord Mayor and City Chamberlain of London, 
though a native of the neighbouring parish of 
Riccorton, spent his early years, and received hb 
education in Kilmarnock. During the inliolc 



ooorse of his successful career in London, he con- 
tinued a warm friend to the land of his nativity ; 
and many an adventurous son of ^' Auld KilUe '' 
owed his success in life to the generosity and un- 
tiring solicitude of the honourable Baronet. The 
charities of Kilmarnock, and whatever might 
tend, in a public way, to the advancement of the 
burgh, found in him a warm supporter. In the 
Town-Hall there is an excellent full-length por- 
trait of Sir James. He is attired ^^ in a full court 
suit, with the robes and insignia of Lord Mayor 
of London. He appears as if in the act of speak- 
ing in Guildhall, and holds the King's warrant of 
precedence (which regulated his place in the pro- 
cession at Lord Nelson^s funeral,) in his right 
hand, which rests upon the top of the table sup- 
porting the dty mace and the sword of state. 
There is properly speaking, no back ground, al- 
though a fine fluted column upon the right hand 
of the baronet, and the drapery of a curtain on his 
left, fill up the painting." This portrait was paint- 
ed by J. Tannock, Esq., another eminent native 
(tf Kilmarnock, who, in his profession as an artist 
in London had experienced, like many others, the 
kind patronage of the Lord Mayor, and presented 
by him to the Magistrates and Town Council of 

Kilmarnock in 1817. After the death of Sir 
James, which occurred in 1843, the authorities of 
Kilmarnock, sensible of the debt of gratitude they 
owed to the deceased, subscribed £50 towards 
erecting a statue in honour of the Baronet. The 
subscription list was speedily augmented to nearly 
£1000, contributed chie% by those who had be- 
nefited, in Lidia and elsewhere, by his influence. 
The statue, executed by Mr James Fillans, from 
a block of Carrara marble, was erected at the 
Cross of Kilmarnock on the 4th of August 1848. 

Amongst the flatteringly numerous crop of 
mechanists, artists, prose writers and poets, 
which IGlmamock has in the present age produced, 
the name of Thomas Morton cannot be omit- 
ted. His Observatory, constructed by himself, has 
long been the pride of his townsmen ; and he haa 
gained undying reputation by the invention of 
the barrel or carpet machine, which conferred a 
great boon on the carpet establishments. This 
machine has been in some measure superseded 
by the Jacquard loom, which Mr Morton has also 
much improved. 

TempleUm^ the vocalist, and MacmiUan^ the 
ventriloquist, are both natives of Kilmarnock. 


The parish of IGlmamock, in its original ex- 
tent, comprehending that of Fenwick, seems to 
have been divided into five baronies, viz. — ^Kil- 
marnock, Grougar, Rowallan, Craufurdland, and 
PolkeUy. Grougar never had any castle or man- 
non-house, and all the rest, save PolkeUy, are 
ntnated within the modem bounds of the parish 
of Kilmarnock, though the greater part of the 
baronies of Rowallan and Craufurdland are in 
the parish of Fenwick. 


In the Boyd charter chest we found a firagment, 
in a hand apparently of the be/^ning of last 
century, entitled ^^ A Grenealogical Deduction of 
the Noble Family of Boyd." The writer says, 
" as for the origin of this ontient family, I can say 
nothing, only I have seen a very antient genea- 

logie of the Stewarts in manuscript, whereby in 
the Reign of K. Alex, ye 1st, Robert, a younger 
son of that noble family was ancestor of The 
Boyd, the simame Stewart then not being fixed 
as the simame of that illustrious house, the bear- 
ing of ye family of Boyd seeming to favour this 
account, which is a fess checke, the same with 
the bearing of Stewart, diflering only in tincture ; 
but of the antiquity of this family I have not seen 
any memorable mention untill that Robert De 
Boyd is one of the witnesses in a contract of ag- 
grement betwixt the viladge of Irvine and Ralph 
of Eglintoun, anno 1205, as is evident firom tiie 
originalls yet extant in the town of Irvine^s char- 
ter chest, of whom descended Sir Robert ,De 
Boyd, who was by King Robert ye 1st rewarded 
of the merit of his good services to that Prince 
with the Lordship and barony of Kilmamock 
upon the forfaultour of the Lord SouUs, anno 
13^, from which " . So ends the firagment. 



The writer was probably Charles Dalrymple of 
Longlands, chamberlain to the Earl of Kilmar- 
nock, and from a jotting on the margin, subtract- 
ing 1205 from 1709— making the Boyds of 504 
years standing at that time — ^it seems to have 
been written in the ktter year. Upon what au- 
thority he states that Sfp Robert de Boyd obtain- 
ed the "Lordship and barony of Kilmarnock 
upon the forfaultour of the Lord Soulls, anno 
1320," we know not. The statement is quite 
opposed to the charter granted by Robert the 
Bruce. According to the best of our genealo- 
gists, Crauftird and Wood, the first of the fSunily 

I. Simon, brother of Walter, the first High 
Steward of Scotland, and youngest son of Alan, 
the son of Flathald. He was a witness to the 
foundation charter of the Monastery of Paisley, 
1160, in which he is d^gaedjrater Walteri^flii 
Alani^ dapiferi, 

n. Robert, his son, is said to have received 
the surname of BoyU or B&idh^ from his fisur com- 
plexion, so expressed in Celtic, which must have 
been then the prevailing language of the Low- 
lands as well as of the Highlands. He is design- 
ed nephew of Walter the High Stewart, in the 
chartulary of Paisley. Robert Boyd, no doubt 
the same individual, is witness to a contract be- 
tween Ralph de Eglintoun and the town of Lrvine 
in 1205, which charter was m existence when 
Craufurd wrote his History of Rcnfirewshire in 
1710, but is now lost. The author of the firag- 
ment, written in 1709, which we have already 
quoted, seems to have also seen this charter. 

in. Robert, called Boyt, or Boyd, is to be 
found in a charter of the lands of Halkhill, 1262 ; 
the same party, it is believed, who distinguished 
himself at the battle of Largs, in 1268, and ob- 
tained a grant of land in Cuninghame. It is not 
known, however, where the lands were situated. 
17. Robert Boyt swore fealty to Edward I. 
in 1296 ; but joined Sir William Wallace in 1297. 
He was in all likelihood the same person, desig- 
nated Sir Robert Boyd, who was one of the first 
associates of Robert the Bruce,, in his arduous 
attempt to restore the liberties of Scotland in 
1306, although Wood places Sir Robert as No V. 
in the genealogy. What makes this the more 
probable is the fact, that Boyd was regarded as a 
warrior of considerable standing. Harvey, in 
his " Life of Bruce," thus alludes to him, in de- 
scribing the various positions of the leaders at 
Bannockbum : 

** Ranged on the right the Southron legions stood. 
And on their fhxnt the fleiy Edward* rode ; 

• Edward Bruce, brother to the King. 

With him the exfebiehced boyd divides the vmj. 
Sent by the King to guide him thro' the day." 

For his faithful adherence to the cause of Bruce, 
says Wood, he had a grant fix>m that monarch, 
Roberto Boyde, miUti^ dilecto et Jideli nostro, of 
the lands of Kilmarnock, Bondington, and Hert- 
schaw, which were John de BalioPs ; the lands of 
Kilbryd and Ardnel, which were Godfirey de 
Rosses, son of the deceased Reginald de Ross ; all 
the land which was William de Morals, in the 
tenement of Dairy ; with seven acres of land, 
which were Robert de Ross's, in the tenement of 
Ardnel : all erected into an entire and free barony, 
to be held of the King. He had also a charter 
of the lands of Nodellesdale ; and a third, grant- 
ing Hertschaw in freeforest.* 

He was one of the guarantees of a treaty of 
peace with the English, 1323. He was taken 
prisoner at the battle of Halidonhill, 19th July 
1333 ; and died not long afterwards.! He had 
three sons: 

1. Sir Thomas. 

2. Alan, who commanded the Scottish archers at the 
siege of Perth, under the Steward of Sootla&d, 1889, 
and was killed there. 

3. James, witness in acharter 1842. 

V. Sir Thomas Boyd of Kilmarnock, the eldest 
son, had, from King David 11., a grant of the 
forfeiture of William Carpenter, and accompanied 
that monarch to the battle of Durham, in 1346, 
where he was taken prisoner with his royal mas- 
ter. He had three sons : 

1. Sir Thomas. 

2. William, ancestor of the Boyds of Badinheath, in 

"8. Robert, first of the house of Portincross. 

yi. Sir Thomas Boyd of Eolmamock had a 
remission from Robert Duke of Albany, gover- 
nor of Scotland, in 1409, for the slaughter of 
Neilson of Dalrymple. He married Alice, second 
daughter and co-heir of Sir John Gifibrd of Yes- 
ter, by whom he had a son, 

Vn. Sir Thomas Boyd of Kilmarnock, who 
was one of the hostages for the ransom of King 
James I., 1424. His annual revenue was then 
estimated at 500 merks. He married Joanna 
Montgomery, daughter of Sir John Montgomery 
of Ardrossan, and died 7th July 1432.t He 
had issue : — 

* In Robertson's Index, among the misshig charters 
of King Robert I. are five to Robert Boyd, of Doncoll 
and Clark's lands, in Dalswinton; to Robert Boyd, son of 
William Boyd, the lands of Dnncoll, and the barony of 
Dalswinton and lands of Dolgarthe ; to Robert Boyd, of 
the lands of Olenkin ; of the flve pound land of Trabeaebe. 
in Kyle regis ; and of the five penny land of Trabeaebe, 
in Kyle. Also a charter of David II. to John Boyd, of 
the lands of Goaylistoon, in GaUoway, forfeited by John 

t As we hare already seen ftom Font, a monoment 
was erected to him and his wifb in the church of Kilmar- 



1. Sir Thomas. 

2. William. Abbot of Kilwizming. 

Vlil. Sir Thomas Boyd of Kilmarnock having, 
from old fead, slain Sir Alan Stewart of Demelly 
in 14S9, Alexander Stewart, brother of Sir Alan, 
went in pursuit of him, and the two parties, for 
each were accompanied by their followers, having 
met at Craignaught Hill, in Renfrewshire, 9th July 
1439, a severe conflict ensued, and Sir Thomas 
was killed. He had issue : 

1. Robert, who tuoceeded. 

3. Sir Alexander Boyd of Dmicrow, a mirror of chivalry, 
appointed to superintend the military exercises of 
King James III. 1466 ; executed S2d Nor. 1469. 

1. Janet, married to John Maxwell of Calderwood. 

2. Margaret, married to Alexander Lord Montgomerie. 

IX. Robert Boyd of Kilmarnock was created 
Lord Boyd in 1 459. He rose to great distinction, 
and had many high offices intrusted to him. On 
the death of Bishop Kennedy, in 1466, Lord Boyd 
and his sons, together with his brother, Sir Alex- 
ander Boyd of Duncrow, may be said to have 
had for sometime the supreme command in Scot- 
land. His Lordship was in fact appointed, 25th 
October 1466, governor of the kingdom till the 
sovereign came of age. His son, Thomas, who 
was created Earl of Arran, was married to Mary, 
eldest sister of the King ; upon which event it is 
supposed that the splendid castle, called Law 
Castle, at Kilbryde, one of the seats of the Boyd 
family, was built. In the Introduction to (lie 
present work, we have already given an outline of 
the rise and fall of the house of Boyd at this time, 
with several original documents, showing how 
careful they bad been to extend their influence, 
by bonds of alliance and mutual support, with the 
heads of families and parties in power. All their 
efforts, however, were unavailing ; and at length, 
driven to rebellion, Lord Boyd fled to Alnwick, 
where he died in 1670. His brother. Sir Alex- 
ander of Duncrow, was taken prisoner, and be- 
headed on the Castlehill of Edinburgh, 22dNov. 

Lord Boyd married Mariota, daughter of Ro- 
bert Maxwell of Calderwood, by whom he had 

I. Thomas, Earl of Arran. 

S. Alexander. 

S. ArdiflMdd, flrrt of the Boyda of Bonshaw. 

1. Elizabeth, married to Archibald, fifth Earl of Angus. 

%. Annabella, married to Sir John Gordon of Lochlnvar. 

X. Thomas Earl of Arran, married the eld^t 
daughter of James 11. The island of Arran 
was granted to him as her dower, and erected 
into an earldom, in order to elevate the station 
of her husband, by a charter dated 26th April 
1467.* The Earl and his royal consort had also 

* This ohaiier we have seen in the Boyd charter chest ' 

a grant of the lands of Stewarton, Tarrinzean, 
Tumberry, and many other properties in various 
districts of Scotland. Li short, so elevated was 
his position, that the nobility became jealous ; 
and while be was absent on the Continent, in 
1468, on the well known matrimonial commission 
for a wife to James IH., he and his whole family 
fell into disfavour with the weak-minded monarch, 
and flying abroad with his wife, who met him on 
hb arrival at Leith, he died at Antwerp, where, 
according to Buchanan, a magniflcent monument 
was erected to his memory by Charles the Bold.* 
His wife had previously been brought back to 
Scotland, through the influence of the King ; but, 
according to Drummond, ^^ instead of having 
access to her brother (the king) she was kept 
at Kilmarnock, the chief house of the Boyds, as 
in a free prison.^' She was, in 1474, after the 
death of the Earl, married to James Lord Ha- 
milton, and had two charters, dated 14th October 
1483, of the liferent of all the lands which had 
belonged to Kobert Lord Boyd, and Thomas 
Boyd his son. By her first husband she had : 

1. James. 

2. Margaret, married flnt to Alexander, Iborth Lord 
Forbes; tecondly, to David, first Earl of GassilliB, 
without issue. She is called * Grizel * by Wood ; but, 
according to the Boyd charter chest, Margarett had 
the lands of Thomtoun, in the lordship of Kilbryde 
and sheriffdom of Lanark, conferred upon her while 
Lady Forbes; and also the lands of Balgray, by 
David Lord Kennedy, the last of which deeds is dated 
in 1582. 

XI. James, only son of Thomas Earl of Ar- 
ran, was restored to the property of the fiunily — 
which had been forfeited — by two charters, dated 
14th October 1482, to his mother in liferent, 
and to him in fee.t He was slain, either by 
treachery or open assault, in 1484. His death 
does not seem to have been ever inquired into. 
In Boethius^ " Chronicles of Scotland,'^ he is said 
to have been slain by Lord Montgomerie; and 
in the history of the Craufurds of Craufurdland, 
one of that family is stated to have died of 
wounds he received at the Wyllielie, when attend- 
ing James Earl of Arran, who was there killed 
by the Earl of Eglintoun. He died, according to 
Boyd of Trochrig, ^^ in ipso adolescentis flore 
periit inimicorum insidiis circumventus." His 
sister, Margaret, was served heir to him in 1495. || 
The representation of the Kilmarnock family 
now devolved upon 

Xn. Alexander Boyd, second son of Robert 
Lord Boyd, who had charters of the lands of 

* The Earl was esteemed one of the moat aocomplisbed 
and best men of the age. 
t This accords with CrauAird, who calls her Margaret 
i Charter in the Boyd charter chest at Kilmamodc 
I Retoor in Boyd charter chest. 



Rulston, in the barony of Kilmarnock, 30th of 
Nov. 1492, of Bordland, 1494 ; and he was made 
BaUie and Chamberlain of Kibnamock for the 
Crown in 1505. By an indenture, dated Edin- 
burgh, 27th June 1508, Margaret, Queen of 
Scots, with the consent of her right excellent and 
illustrious spouse, James IV., " maikis " and 
" lattis " to Alexander Boyd in Kilmarnock, and 
to his heirs, " ane or Inae,*^ the lordship and 
lands of Kilmarnock, Dairy, Nodisdail and Kil- 
bryde.* He married a daughter of Sir Robert 
Colvill of Ochiltree, by whom he had issue : 

1. Bobert 

9. Thomas, ancettor of the Bojds of FItoon. 
8. Adam, ancestor of the Boyds of FinldJU and Troch- 

XTTT. Robert Boyd, the eldest son, had char- 
ters, according to Woody of the King's lands of 
Chapelton, and land ^d castle of Dundonald, 
Ist June 1537. According to Craufurd, he 
was restored to the title of Lord Boyd in 1586, 
and had a grant from King James Y., whom he 
faithfully served at home and abroad, of the lord- 
ship of Kibnamock, 20th May 1536.(?) This 
date, queried by Wood^ appears to be wrong ; at 
least there is in the charter chest at Ealmamock, 
the original ^* Instrument of Instalment ** of Ro- 
bert Boyd '^ in the toun and Castle of Kilmar- 
nock,^* dated 5th May 1534. On the accession 
of this Robert Boyd, who was styled Gudeman 
of Kilmarnock, he seems to have reiiyed the 
feuds existing between his house and that of 
Eglintoun. He and his friends had slain Patrick 
Montgomerie of Irvine, from old feud, no doubt, 
in December 1523,t and the matter having been 
taken up by the Earl of Eglintoun, a commis- 
sion, consisting of Robert, Archbishop of Argyle, 
and a number of the heads of families connected 
with the west of Scotland, met ^^ at Glasgow, 
the seventh day of May, ye zeir of (rod ane 
thousand five hundreth and thretty zeirs *' (1530), 
for the purpose of bringing the quarrel to an 
amicable issue. The opposing parties were '' Hew 
Earl of Eglintoun, his bamis, brethryn, freynds, 
lands and housands for ye ta part, and Robert 
Boyd de Kilmarnock, Mungow Muir, Master of 
Rowallane, thair bamis, brethryn, freynds, ser- 
vands and housands for the other part.*^ By the 
settlement entered into at this time, which was 
to make up for all bygone slaughters and injuries 
on both sides, it was agreed that Robert Boyd of 
Kilmarnock should accept, *' for the slauchter of 
his chief" — ^no doubt James Earl of Arran — ^the 

• Boyd charter chest. 

t A remission was afterwaids obtained for this offence. 
The remission la in the charter chest. 

^^ sowme of twa thousand merks,** to be paid by 
instalments, &c.* 

Robert Boyd of Kilmarnock seems to have 
been a person of judgment and resolution, and 
bent on the restoration of his house. For this 
purpose he entered into bonds of mutual support 
with various powerful parties in the state, such 
as the Earl of Argyle and Robert Lord Fleming; 
while maintaining a close friendship with the 
Muirs of Rowallan and others of his more im- 
mediate neighbours, he was able to maintain his 
place against the more powerM barons of the 
district. At the battle of '* Glasgow Field,"* as it 
is called, fought in 1543, between the Earl of 
Lennox and the Regent Hamilton, and their ad- 
herents, during the minority of Mary, Robert 
Boyd of Kilmarnock and his friend Mungo Mm« 
of Rowallan, at the head of a small party of horse, 
valiantly thrust themselves '^ into the midst of 
the combat," and decided the fate of the day 
favourably for the Regent Hamilton. For thk 
piece of timely service the Gudeman of Kilmar- 
nock was rewarded with the family lands, which 
he held in tack, as well as the family honours. 
It would appear that the Glencaim family had 
laid some claim to the barony of Kibnamock, 
during the forfeiture of the Boyds, for upon the 
back of this restoration, it seems to have been 
necessary for Queen Mary to grant a letter dis- 
charging the execution of any letters at the in- 
stance of the Master of Glencaim^ charging 
*^ Robert Boyd, or any otheris withhaldaris of 
ihe Castell of Kylmaraock, to deliver the same 
to hym or his servandis** — ^29th October 1593.t 
On the 11th March 1544 he was served heir of 
James Boyd, his father^s brother^s son, in the 
lands and baronies of Kilmarnock, DaLry, Kii- 
bride^ &c.t He had a confirmation from Queen 
Mary of all the estates, honours, and dignities 
that belonged to the deceased Robert Lord Boyd, 
his grandfather, with a novodamus 1549. it is 
supposed he died in 1550. Previous to his death 
he had resigned the lands and lordship of Kil- 
mamock to his son. He married Helen, daugh- 
ter of Sur John Somcrville of Cambusnethan, by 
whom he had. 

1. Robert. 

2. Haigaret, married to John Montgomerie of Laln- 

XrV. Robert, fourth Lord Boyd, had a diar- 
ter of the lands and lordship of Kilmarnock, on 

* The original of this agreement Is in the Kilmaniock 
charier chest; also of several discharges Ibr all oftneei 
from Queen Margaret from 1610 to 1536. 

t Boyd charter chest. 

t The retonr, and other legal papers fc^loving thercvpon 
are in the Charter chest at KilmanioeiE. 



bis fiitlier^B resignaiion, 6th September, 1546. 
He married, in 1535, Margaret, daughter and 
hriress of Sir John Colqnhoan of GlinS) and had 
a charter — *^ to Robert Boyd of Glln, and Mar- 
garet Colqnhoun his wife ** — of the lands of Balin- 
doran, in Stirlingshire, 18th Feb. 1546-7. As 
mentioned in the introductory essay to this work, 
Lord Boyd was a warm supporter of the cause 
of Queen Mary, and intrusted by her with the 
management of the most important aflairs. In 
tiie Boyd charter chest there are several commis- 
sions and letters to Lord Boyd, signed by the 
imfbrtunate Queen. Like his father, he endea- 
▼oured to support his house by alliances with in- 
flnential parties, and by bonds of man-rent with 
the smaller barons of the west country.* 

Notwithstanding the settlement entered into 
by the houses of Kilmarnock and Eglintoun in 
1530, the feud between them still continued, Sir 
Neil Montgomerie of Lainshawf having been 
killed by Lord Boyd and his adherents^ in a 
skirmish in the streets of Irvine in 1547. This 
slanghter was warmly resented by the Montgo- 
meries, and the Master of Boyd scarcely dared 
appear openly in the county for some time. He 
had, in fact, along with Mowat of Busbie and 
others, to give bond to Neil Montgomerie of 
Lainshaw, to go to France, and remain there 
during his pleasure. At length, in 1561, the 
affair was made up between the pardes. Lord 
Boyd appearing at the Cross of Irvine, and pay- 
ing a fine to the son of the deceased Sir Neil 
Montgomerie.] The feud thus staunched, a 
dose friendship seems to have ensued between 
the two houses ; at least among the Boyd papers 
thcsre is ^^ ane mutuall band between Hew £rl of 
Bglintoun and Robert Lord Boyd," dated 25th 
August 1568. There was also a bond of mutxuil 
support between Robert Lord Boyd and Hew 
Cniuiurd of Kilbimie, dated Ryesholme, 18th 
July 1567, wherein it is stipulated that, in re- 
turn for the services of ^^ Hew Craufurd, his 
friends, servands,'* Lord Boyd shall, in case of 
hia death, protect his spouse, Isobella. Barclay 
and her baims.§ 

• Amongst others he had a bond of man-rent tram 
John Cochrane, xoong laird of Biachoptonn, dated 3Uth 
Sept, 1546. 

t Sir Neil was Ae father-in-law of Margaret, sister of 
liord Boyd, then fiaster of Boyd. 

t Niabet, repeated by Robertson. The date may be 
^piestionable, though theftctis certain. It is evident, 
boweTer, that the deed was committed by Robert tlie fborth 
Xjord Boyd, and not by his father, the third Lord, better 
known as * Gndeman of Kilmarnock,' as inferred by the 
bistorian of Kilmarnock, for in the account of the affair in 
the Rowallan memorandum he is styled *' the Maister of 

I 8ee vol. i. p. 64. 

§ Witnctaes to this document, Thomas Mister of Boyd. 

Lord Boyd had a respite for nineteen years 
given by Queen Mary, with the ^^ consent of our 
deirest cousing and tutor, James Duke of Ghat- 
tellarailt. Earl of Arran, Lord Hamilton, Pro- 
tector and (Governor of our realme," for ^* his 
tressonable art and part and assistance gevin be 
him to John, vmquhile Johne Erie of Levinax, 
aidand aganis our maist noble fader of gudc 
mynde, quham God assolze, and his authoritie, 
in arrayit battell, besyde our burgh of Linlith- 
gow, our said vmquhile derrest fader being thair 
present, and his banner being displayit for the 
tyme,^' &c. Dated the last day of March 1552. 
He and his friends were also engaged with the 
Duke of Chasselherault in taking the castles of 
Haddington and Draffin, for which offence he 
had a remission from Henry and Mary, including 
all those engaged with him, dated 28d April 
1560.* In these eventful times, we next find his 
lordship engaged in the association formed in fa- 
vour of Queen Mary at Hamilton, 8th May 1568, 
and fighting at the battle of Langside, in conse- 
quence of which he and his two sons, Thomas, 
Master of Boyd, and Robert of Badinheath, 
were compelled to leave the country by order of 
the Regent. During their absence, the Laird of 
Knockdolian attempted to dispossess Lord Boyd 
of the bailiary of the barony of Grougar ; but his 
friends, under *^ Sanderis Boyd, chamberland to 
the said Lord Boyd,'' mustered in great force, 
and prevented Knockdolian from holding his in- 
tended court. At length, when the cause of the 
Queen became desperate, he had the address to 
gain favour with the Regent Lennox, and on the 
8th September 1571, had a remission under the 
Great Seal for appearing against the king at 

On the 12th of August previous to this, an 
agreement was made at Stirling (12th August, 
1571) between the Earl of Morton, Chancellor of 
Scotland, and the Earl of Mar, on the one part, 
and the Earl of Argyle, Cassillis, Eglintoun, and 
Lord Boyd, on the other, that ^^ from the trou- 
bled state of the realm, his Majesty being ina- 
nymat, and hb muder (mother) being in the realm 
of England, and with a view to the settlement of 
the same to his hienes's obedience, subscrive a 
bond to that effect. 

*^ They sal have a remitt to thame, thair friends 
and servandis, for not obeying and serving the 
King in tyme bygane, and for all other causes ex- 
cept the murther of the King's fadder, to our 
souerane Lord and the Earl of Murray, his hie- 

James Boyd of Trochrig, Hew Montgomery of HesiUheid. 
James Boyd. 

• Boyd charter chest. 



nes lait regent, for murther, slaixghter, reviflsing 
of women, theft, and witchcraft, exceptand forth 
of the said exceptioun slauchter and other crymes 
comittit in the commoun cause, or depending 
ypoun, qlk sail alwyis bo comprehendit vnder the 
said remitt. 

*^ Also, as my saidis lordis of Argyle, Cassillis, 
Eglintoon and Boyd, may procure to the king^s 
obedience and service, sal have the like appoint- 
ment as they justly gett, being in the like state as 
they now are in. 

*^ And seeing the intention of the noblemen on 
baith parts is to preserve the quietness and com- 
moun Weill of the realme, and that the same can 
not be, rather hindred mor, be vptaking of the 
cschaits and guidis of the persons now aiding to 
the kingis obedience for crymes attributed to 
thame, .... in the commoun cans, and depend- 
ing thairon. Thairfor all escheattis of the noble- 
men above written, thair freinds or servandis, dis- 
ponit upon the accessoris of the commoun cans, 
or depending thairon, sail tak na effect aftir the 
dait heirof, bot be simplie dischargit,^' &c. 

The Boyd papers show, in conformity with this 
agreement, that Lord Boyd had been careful to 
strengthen his position by cultivating the support 
of others. He had a bond of man-rent, dated 
" Irwin, tent day the moneth of November 1671," 
from " William Fairlie, bruder german to James 
Fairlie of that Ilk," in return for which my Lord 
Boyd gave him the ^^ threttie shylling land of 
auld extent of Byrehill, in the perochin and re- 
galitie of Kilwinning :" another from John Fer- 
gushill of that Dk, dated at Aslos, 26th October 
1572 ; and a third from the Laird of Lochrigis, 
*^ Andro Amet, zoungare ;" binding himself and 
heirs at all times to " ryde and gang " with the 
said Robert Lord Boyd, dated 1st Feb. 1673. 
The peace of the realm was still fSirther secured 
by a bond of friendship, dated 13th June 1678, 
between Hew Earl of Eglintoun, Lord Mont- 
gomerie, William Erie of Glencaim, Kobert Lord 
Boid, Mathew Campbell of Loudoun, Ent., She- 
riff* of Air, John Wallace of Craigie, for himself. 
Hew Master of Eglintoun, James Master of Glen- 
caim, Thomas Master of Boid, Hew Campbell of 
Tarringan, &c. There was also a bond of mutual 
assistance between Lord Boyd and the Laird of 
Blair, dated 2d March 1676; and a bond of man- 
rent from Robert Colquhoun, Laird of Cambus- 
trodain, January 1676. 

From the epitaph preserved in the church of 
Kilmarnock in memory of Lord Boyd, previously 
quoted — 

** Heir lies yt godlie, noble, wyia lord Boyd,*' &c.— 
it might have been supposed that ho was a person 
slow to the shedding of blood. Such was not 

the case, however, as the various feuds in which 
he was engaged sufficiently attest. In revenge 
of the slaughter of Sir Robert Colville of Odui- 
tree, his maternal grandfather, Lord Boyd, 
Thomas Master of Boyd, and others, waylaid and 
slew John Mure, in the Well, on his way home 
from Ayr, in August 1671, the month immediate- 
ly prior to his obtaining the remission already 
mentioned. Of course these slaughtexs may be 
attributed more to the spirit of the times than to 
any peculiar blood-thirstiness on the part of the 
individual.* In 1589, Robert Lord Boyd paid 
360 merks to John Muir of Rowallan, ^^ in full 
of all claims for the slauchter of his fiUiher," in 
presence of Mr Robert Wilkie, minister of Kil- 
marnock, one of the witnesses, Muir at the 
same time obli^g himself to enter into friend- 
ship with Lord Boyd.t 

James VI. is known to have acted on the prin- 
ciple that those who were fiiithfiil to his mother 
could hardly prove false to her son — ^henoe many 
who espoused most heartily the cause of Queen 
Mary enjoyed the greatest share of his confi- 
dence. One of these was Robert Lord Boyd. 
Amongst the Boyd papers there is a letter from 
James VI., dated 14th March 1677, requiring 
Lord Boyd to attend at Stirling, to consult with 
others of his nobility as to the demission of his 
last regent, the Earl of Morton, and as to his 
assuming the government in his own person. 
Lord Boyd must have at this period held the office 
of General Collector, as there b an order from 
the Regent, dated 13th May 1677, desiring him 
as '' General Collector" to pay £200 to the Col- 
lege of Glasgow. There are also letters from 
the King, in 1677, requesting his attendance at 
Stirling, on the 8th of December, with the view 
of settling the disturbances in the west. About 
the same time the Lords of ^^ Counsell, with con- 
sent of James Earl of Morton, discharge Robert 
Lord Boyd and his tenands, inhabitantis and 
ocuperis of his ten pund land of Glin, and ten 
pund land of Dinnerbok, Auchinburlie and Spit- 
tale, Hand within our sheriffdome of Dunbartane, 
to Robert Boyd of Badinheith, and his tenantis, 
inhabitantis and occuparis of his fyve pund land 
of Badinheith, within the sheriffdom of Stritiling 
and seven pund land of Galbers (or Gawers) and 
Resk, within the sheriffdom of Renfrew, to Hum- 
phra Colquhoun of Luss and his tenantis, inhabi- 
tantis and occuperis of his fyflie three pund Ss 4d. 

• It ia stated by Bannatyne that Lord Boyd virited 
Knox, when the latter was on his death-bed, to beg his 
for^vencss, probably for the part he had taken in ftvour 
of Queen Mary and the Catholic party. 

t Boyd chiuter chest. I>octunent dated Hth Sept. 



land of the baronie of Lius, ^* to remane and 
byde at hame fra our raid and army appointit to 
conyene and meit our said cousing and regent at 
Domfiies, upon the tent day of October restant, 
fibr persute and invasioun of the thevis and out- 
laina, disturbaris of the peace and quietness of 
oar realm ''—dated 6th Oct. 1577. 

These documents show in what estimation the 
services and character of Lord Boyd, notwith- 
standing the slaughters and feuds in which he 
had been engaged, were held by the sovereign 
aod his regent. He was twice appointed an ex- 
traordinary Lord of Session, which office he filled 
till his retirement in 1588, and was one of the 
commissioners sent to negotiate a treaty with 
Enghmd in 1578, and again in 1586. In 1583 
he had a pass (4th Sept.) from James VI. to go 
abroad for five years, for ^^ doing of his lefull af- 
fairs," with six persons in company.* By this 
pass it appears he intended to visit France and 
Flanders. He was not allowed, however, to re- 
nuun long abroad; for there is a letter from 
James YL, dated 11th Feb. 1585, recalling him 
from abroad, to take his place in Council, in 
which letter he is highly complimented for the 
commendable fidelity always reported of Lord 

Lord Boyd died on the 3d of January 1589, 
aged 72 ; his lady, Margaret, or Mariot Golqu- 
houn, in Feb. 1601. They had issue : 

1. Bobert Master of Bofd, who had a charter of the 
lands of Auchintoerlie, in Dumbartonshire, 14th Oct. 
' 1540, and died without issue soon afterwards. 

9. Thomas fifth Lord Boyd. 

a. Robert Boyd of Badenheath, in Stirlingshire. He 
acquired vurlous properties in Lanaiicshire. He was 
tntor to his nephew, Hew fifth Earl of Eglintoun. He 
had the keeping of the fortalice of Lochwood, with 
the pertinents and lands, in the barony of Glasgow, 
disponed to him by James VI., with consent of the 
Begent Morton, 4th March 1672. He had a pass to 
France, from James VI., for three years, "having 
certain lefiiU eifaires to do within the realme of France, 
and specialle fbr risiting of our traist cousing, Bobert 
Lord Boyd, his fader," dated 28d April 1686. He 
had another, in 1687, for the same purposcf 

1. Egidia, married to Hew fourth Earl of EgUntoun. 

a. Agnes, married to Sir John Colquhoun of Luss. 

a. Christian, married to Sir James Hamilton of Avon- 
dale, and had issue. 

4. Elizabeth, married to John Coninghame of Dromqa- 

XY. Thomas fifth Lord Boyd, the eldest sur- 
viving son, succeeded. He was served heir in spe- 
cial to his father Robert Lord Boyd, 20th March 
15894 He had been engaged, as we have seen, 
in most of the feuds and public transactions which 
Iiad occupied the attention of his able and politic 

• Pass in charter chest, 
t Kilmamook papers. 
t Betonr fai charter chest. 


father. He seems to have suffered mufih from ill 
health. In 1579-- July 14th—*' Thomas Master 
of Boyd *' had a pass from James VI. to go a- 
broad for three years, for the benefit of his health. 
The pass runs thus : — ** We, understanding that 
our cousing, Thomas Master of Boyd, is vext 
with ane vehement dolour in his heid, and other 
diseises in his body, as he cannot find sufficient 
ease and remeid within •ur realme, bot is in mynd 
to seik the same in forein cuntries, quhair the 
samyn maist convenientlie may be had, thairfor 
be the tenor heirof gevis and grantis licence to 
the said Thomas Maister of Boyd to depart and 
pas furth of our realme, to the partis of France, 
Flanderis, Wall of the Spa, and otheris partis, 
quhair he pleises, thair to remain for seiking of 
cure and remedy of his saidis diseasis, for the 
space of thre zeiris afler the dait heirof; and 
will and grantis that he sail not be callit nor ac- 
cusit thairfor criminalie nor civilie be ony maner 
of way in tyme coming, nor sail not incur ony 
skaith nor danger thairthrow, in his person, landis, 
nor guidis, notwithstanding quhatsomever our 
actis, letters, statutes, prodamationis or charges, 
maid or to be maid, in the contrair, or ony 
pains conteint thairin. Anent the quhilks we 
dispens be thir presentis. Attour we haif takin, 
and be thir presentis takis oure said cousing, hb 
kin, fireinds, tenentis and servandis, duelland 
vpon his proper landis, his and thair landis, here- 
tages, benefices, acdonis, causs, possessiouns, 
guidis and geir, m speciall protection, supplie, 
mantenance, defence and sayegaird, to be unhurt, 
Tnharmit, unmolestit, troublit, or in onywais 
pursewit, for the caus foirsaid, during the said 
space of thrie zeires. Discharging heirfoir our 
justice, justice derkis, the sairvand advocattis, 
judgeis, ministeris of our lawis, and thair deput- 
tis and vtheris our officiaris, liegis and siclike, 
off all calling, accusing, vnlawing, or in onywais 
preceding criminalie nor ci\ilie agains our said 
cousing, Thomas Master of Boyd, and his saidis 
kin, freinds, senrandb and tenentis, duelland 
within his proper landis, for his departing and 
remaning furth of our realme, as said is, pound- 
ing, troubling, or in onywais intrometting with 
thame, thair landis or guidis thairfoir, and of thair 
offices in that part for evir. Providing always 
that our said cousing do not attempt nathing in 
prejudice of us, our realme and religioun, public- 
lie preachit and professit within our realme, or 
oiherwais this our licence to be null and of none 
ayaill, force, nor effect. Gevin vnder our signet, 
and subscriyit, with oiur hand, at our castell of 
Striviling, the xiiii day of Julij, and of our reigne 
the twel^ zeir — 

(Signet attached) James R.'' 




In 1583 Thomas Master of Boyd had licence 
to " repair to fordgn pairts for doing of his lefull 
erandis." The following year he seems to have 
been concerned in the insurrectionary movement 
at St Johnston, or perhaps previously in the "Raid 
of Ruthven"— for, by a warrant of the King and 
Council Thomas Master of Boyd was ordered 
into ward at Aberdeen, within a circle of six 
miles of the city, 10th May 1684. He accord- 
ingly surrendered himself prisoner at Ghisgow on 
the 11th of the same month, and entered himself 
at Aberdeen on the last day of it. He was not, 
however, long detained a prisoner, havmg had a 
licence from the King " to go forth of his present 
ward," 16th July 1686.* In 1580, while yet 
Master of Boyd, he gave his bond of service to 
his father, Robert Lord Boyd. 

In 1591, 17th December, Lord Boyd resigned 
the lands and barony of Kilmarnock, &c. in fa- 
vour of his son, Robert Master of Boyd,t and 
had a charter, 12th January 1592, erecting the 
same into a free lordship and barony to himself 
in life-rent, and Robert Master of Boyd, his son, 
in fee, and the heirs-male of his body, with a 
long restriction of heirs-male to the exclusion of 
heirs-general. He had also a charter of the 
lands of Bedlay, 8th March 1596. He had sa- 
sine of the lands of Knockindon and Hairschaw 
in 1590; a charter from Robert Cuninghame of 
Netherton, of the lands of Overtoun ;t and a 
charter of Auchans in;i599.|| ^The lands of Bog- 
side were wadsett to Thomas Lord Balmamock 
by James Mowat of Busbie, redeemable on pay- 
ment of 800 lbs.; contract . dated Edinburgh, 
12th July 1603. He disponed the five pund knd 
of Cdrsbie to William Wallace, minister of Fail- 
fuird^ n^n a back-bond, for 1720 merks, 18th 

August 1597.§ 

That Thomas Lord Boyd continued to be sub- 
jected to ill health is amply evinced by the Boyd 
papers. In 1595 he had a pass to go abroad for 
»' remedie of his diseises" for five years ; another 
dated at ** Halirudhouse, the first day of March 
1600;" and a third, to repair to England or any 
other place for his health, dated " Whitehall, 
28th March." He had a licence, dated 18th 
December 1600, to stey at home from the wars, 
and board himself where he pleased, in conse- 
quence of his infirmities, the son of Robert late 
Master of Boyd to act in the same manner that 

his father would have done under thedrcum- 

Notwithstanding his many ailments. Lord 
Boyd Uved till June 1611. According to Wood, 
he married Margaret, second daughtcor of ^ 
Mathew Campbell of Loudoun. He must, how- 
ever, have been twice married, as Elizabeth 
Wallace is mentioned as relict of Thomas Lord 
Boyd in a legal document in 1611. If Wood is 
correct, his issue were by the first marriage : 

1. Bobert Master of Boyd, who died in Slay 1597. Be 
married Lady Jean Kerr, eldest daughter of Mask 
second Earl of Lothian, by whom he had 

1 . fiobert sixth Lord I3oyd, bom in November 1 695. 

2. James dghth Lord Boyd. 
** Jeane Kerr, maistres uf Boyde," is mentioned fai 
several testamentary documents in 1609 and IClO.t 
She ailenvards married David tenth I^rd CrauJVuii. 

3. Sir Thomas Boyd of Bedlay. He married GrisseU 
Conynghame, daughter of Jeane Blair, Lady Mont- 
grenan. Ck>ntract of marriage dated 22d October 

8. Adam, who married Marion, (not Maisaret) Gal- 
braith, sister of Robert Galbraith of Kilcroich. Be 
had the forty shilling land of the Nethermains of 
Kilbimie given him by his ftither, 

4. John, lie had the five merk land of Whiteside, in 
the parish of Largs and Bailiary of Cuninghame^ 
from his fkther. " Johnne Boyd, sone to my Lord 
Boyd," is mentioned in the testament of ** Hareeon 
Seller, spous to Uobert Broune, merchand, within tbe 
parochin of Kilmarnock, who deceist in 1614.|| 

1. Marion, married to James first Earl of Abcrcom. 

3. Isabel, married to John Blair of that Ilk. 

8. Agnes, married to Sir George Klphinstone at Blyths- 
James Elphinstoun of Woodside, probably some 
relation of Sir George of Blythswood, had a 
" gift of escheate and liferent of all gudis, gdr, 
movabills and unmovabills, debtis, takis as weill 
of landis as of teyndis, steidings, rowmes, pos- 
sessions, comis, cattle, insicht plenishing, &c. 
quhilk perteint of before to our traist couaang 
Thomas Lord Boyd, the times of his denuntia- 
tion." What " times'' these were does not ap- 
pear. Thomas Lord Boyd was put to the horn, 
13th May 1611, shortly before his death, at the 
instance of John Bell, minister of Calder, for 
non-payment of teinds; and in 1622 Elphmstoun 
obtained a decreet against Elizabeth Wallace, re- 
lict of the late Thomas Lord Boyd^ to restore 
certain moveables appropriated by her.§ El- 

« Charter chest. 

t The instrument of resignation following thereon is 
dated 10th January 1693. 
X The sasine upon this charter Is dated 8d April 1617. 
I Sasine upon this charter also in 1617. 
\ Charter chest. 

« We know not whether it was in consequence of aoj 
derangement occasioned by the Master of Boyd, which 
must have taken place before 1600, but there is a doeii- 
ment in the family charter chest which bears that Lord 
Boyd, on the 10th September 1605, gare notice to his 
tenants to resume their lands ; and this was done in pre- 
sence of John Caldwell of Annanhill, James Mowat of 
Busbie, James Edmistoun of Airds, Patrick CrauAird of 
Auchinames, &c. 

t Glasgow Commissary Records. 

% Charter ehest. 

g Glas. Com. Bee. 

5 The Inventory of the eflfects in Dean Castle, in con- 
nection with this case, we have given elsewhere. 



phinstouD appears to have paid 3000 merks to 
Thomas Lord Boyd, and the action was brought 
against Dame Elizabeth Wallace for alleged in- 
tromitting with his lordship^s estate. 

XVI. Robert sixth Lord Boyd, eldest son of 
Robert Master of Boyd, succeeded his grand- 
father. He was served heir to his father in the 
lands and barony of Kilmarnock, &c. 12th Oc- 
tober 1614. He had previously a gift of the 
irard and nonentry of the said lands, dated 19th 
August 1612.* He had a disposition of the lands 
of Menfurd, which comprehends a great part of 
the town of Kilmarnock, from John Wallace of 
Menfurd, dated 27th July 1619; and a tack of 
the parsonage teinds and sheaves of the parish 
of Kilmarnock from the Abbot of Kilwinning, 
dated 27th June of the same year. In 1621 he 
reigned the lands, lordship and barony of Kil- 
marnock, for new infeftment, to himself in life- 
rent, and Robert Master of Boyd, his son, in 
fee. The precept of sasine, proceeding upon a 
charter under the Great Seal of the said Procu- 
ratory of Resignation, is dated 29th March 1621.t 
Lord Boyd died in August 1628, aged 33. The 
following is the substance of his latter-will : — 

^^ The Testament, Testamentar, and Inventar 
of the guidis, geir, &c. quhilk perteint to vmqle. 
Robert Lord Boyd, within the parochin of Kil- 
marnock, the tyme of his deceis, quha deceist 
^rpone the xxviii day of August, the zeir of God 
jaj vi c. twentie aucht zeirs, &c. 

^^ Inventar. — ^Item, the said vmqle. nobill Lord, 
Robert Lord Boyd, had perteining to him the 
tyme of his deceis .... Item, the sawing of 
ane boll quheit,^ estimat to the ferd come pryce 
of the boll with the fodder viii lib., inde xxxii lib. 
. . . Item, on the Litle Maynes of Badinhaithe, 
occupiet be Johne Wod, sevin bolls come, &c. 

Summa of the Inventar, ii aj ix c Ixxzxi lib. 

'* Debts awand In. — ^Item, thair was awand, 
&c. be Mr Johnne Hutchesoim of Scottistoun, 
Ti c Ixvi lib. . . . Item, be the tennents of Ba- 
dinhaithe of the teynd victuall of the crop 1628, 
&c. Item, be the tennents of Myrettb, Ward- 
heid, Blairtin, Garvin, Gavok and Lochwod, the 
teynd meUl the said zeir [1628] xxiiii bolls meill, 
pryce of the boll viii lib. Item, be the tennents 
of Grawan and Risk, the teynd victuall, &c. Item, 
be the tennents of Badinhaithe the ferme meill 
the said zeir, 1628, nyne bolls meill, &c. Item, 
be parochineris of Kilbryde, restand of the teyndis 
of the crop 1628 zeiris, zxii bolls meill, &c 

• Chartar chest ** The Wardatoon of the Lord- 
tdilp of Bofd" oocor in a teetamentaiy doemneat, dated 
Feb. 181 S. 

t Charter ohest 

t Wheat wae a waroe artlole in Ayrshire at this period. 

Item, be the tennentis of my ladie^s lyfrent land 
in Fyif, restand be thame for the fermes in the 
zeir of God 1628 zeiris, viii^tx bollis meill, &c. 

Summa of the debtis In, vii aj iii c and Ixxxxv 
libs. ms. imd. 

" Debtis awand Out. — .... Item, to the 
Eingis Majestie of blenche dewtie of the landis 
of Medrois,* xiiii lib, vi s. viii d. Item, to my 
Lord of Glasgow, the few dewtie of Lochwod, 
X lib. Item, to my Lord of Blantyre, the tak 
dewtie of the personage teyndis of Medrois vii 
lib. xvi s. . . . Item, to Allexr. Erie of Eglin- 
toune for the tak dewtie of the lands of Kilbryde, 
xix lib. Item, to my Lord of Glasgow of by- 
gane dewties of the hous in Glasgow callit the 
persone^s mans, xvi lib. x s. . . . Item, to James 
Boyd, the defimctis brother, for his dewtie, thrie 

hundrith xxxiii lib. vi s. viii d Item, to 

the Reidair at the Kirk of KHmamock his pen- 

sioun, XX lib., &c. 

Summa of the debtis Out, vi aj i c and Ixxii lib. 

xvi s. ix d. 

« « * • « 

^* Followis the Deidis Latterwill and Legacie 
of ane nobill Lord, Robert Lord Boyd. 

" At Edinburgh, the sevintein day of October, 
the zeir of God jai vi c and twentie thrie zeirs, 
The quhilk day I, Robert Lord Boyd, knawing 
the certantie of deathe, the vnoertantie of the 
tyme and place, and being vrilling, for the guid 
of my childreing, to mak my latterwiU and tes- 
tament, in sa far as concemes the nominatioun 
of executouris and tutouris to my childreing, 
Thairfoir I, be thir presents, maks and constitute 
my luiffing spous. Dame Christiane Hamiltoune, 
my only executourix with my guids and geir, 
geving to hir full power to give vp inventar thair- 
of, and to conferme the samyne. And likwa^is 
I nominat my said loveing spous Tutrix to my 
eldest sone, Robert Boyd, and to our haill re- 
manent baimes, desyring her alwayis to tak the 
advys and counsall, in all her efiairis, of the Erie 
of Mehros, hir father, Thomas Lord of Binnie, 
hir brother, Andro Bischope of Argyll, George 
Elphinstoun of Blythiswood, knyt., Sir Thopias 
Boyd of BoUinschaw, knyt., and Mr Robert 
Boyd of Kippis, or the maist pairt thairof, as 
convenientlie scho may have ^ame. [These 
parties are nominated to succeed Lady Boyd, in 
case of her decease or marriage, as tutors to his 
son and younger children. He thus concludes : — 
" Assuring myself that they will loveinglie and 
ciurfullie dischairge the dewties thairin for the 
guid of my baimes, as my full trust and confi- 
dence in thame,** &c.] 

« Probably a mistake for Melrois. 



Lord Bojd married, first, Margaret, daughter 
of Robert Montgomerie of Gifien, relict of Hugh 
fifth Earl of Eglintoun, without issue (she died 
in 1015);* secondly, as we have seen. Lady 
Christian Hamilton, eldest daughter of Thomas 
first Earl of Haddington, relict of Robert tenth 
Lord Lindsay of Byres, by whom he had issue : 

1. Bobot seventh Lord Boyd. 

1 . Helen, who died unmarried. 

2. Agnes, nuuried to Sir Qwrgfi Morrison, Dairsie, in 

8. Jean, manled to Sir Alexander Morrison of Preston 
Grange, in the county of Haddington, and had issue. 

4. Marion, married to Sir James Dundas of Amiston. 

6. Isabel, married first to John Sinclair of Stevenston ; 
secondly, to John Grierson, flar of Larg, whose wife 
she was in 1647, when she was serred heir of her 
sister Helen. 

e. Christian, married to Sir WDliam Soott of Harden. 

XVI. Robert seventh Lord Boyd, the only son, 
was served heir of his father 9th May 1629. He 
had a tack of the teinds of Melros in 1638. 
About the same period the family had the teinds 
of Grovan, as well as those of the vicarage of 
Gksgow. Lord Boyd married Lady Anne Flem- 
ing, second daughter of John second Earl of 
Wigton ; but he died of a fever, without issue, 
on the 17th November 1640. He was succeeded 
by his uncle, 

XVU. James eighth Lord Boyd, second son of 
Robert Master of Boyd. He was served heir to 
his nephew 10th April 1641. During the great 
dvil war he was a steady supporter of royalty, 
and was fined by Cromwell in the sum of £15,000. 
His support of the royal cause seems to have 
embarrassed him considerably, as we find his 
lordship wadsetting the lands of Dair}', with 
the manor house, Rysdailmuir, Flott, Noddis- 
daill, Baillieland, Harplaw, Ryelies, Ryebume, 
Tourhill, Howrat, &c., ^^ extending to ane fibur- 
tie merk land, lying within the bailiary of Cun- 
inghame,'* to Sir William Cochrane of Cowdoun, 
knt. Calculating victual at ten merks per boll, 
these lands yielded the sum of 1248 libs. 18s. 4d. 
Scots. He also wadsett several portions of land 
in the barony of Kilmarnock, having previously 
borrowed 6000 merks firom Sir William. He 
disposed of the teinds of the lands and barony 
of Powkellie to Sir William Cuninghame of 
Cuninghamehead, 8d November 1646.t 

Notwithstanding the disturbed times in which 
he lived. Lord Boyd seems to have paid great 

* Lady Loudonn, who died in January IS 1 7, left to her 
** saids dochtera, Jeane and Margaret Campbells, equallie 
betuix thame, the haill goldsmyth woric, Joells, abailze- 
ments and ythers, left and disponit to me, be rmqahile 
deame Margaret Montgomerie, Ladle Boyd, oontenit in 
ane particuUu' inventar, snbeaivit be ye said yrnqohile 
deame Margaret, of the date at Some, the day of the 
seir of God 1615 zeiiis.** 

t Charter chest. 

attention to the trade of Kilmarnock, as well as 
to the improvement of its social condition gener- 
ally, having instituted ** ane schoole within the 
parocheine of the old Kurk of Kilmamock,^^ for 
^^ the educatioune and learning off zoung ones.^* 
He built, it is presumed, the more modem part 
of Dean Castle. His lordship married Catherine, 
daughter of John Craik, Esq. of the city of 
York, by whom he had issue : — 

1. William, who snooeeded. 

1. Eva, married to Sir Bobert Cuninghame at Hobot- 

XVin. William ninth Lord Boyd was served 
heir of his father in the barony of Kilmarnock, 
&c. 28th February 1655. He was created Earl 
of Kilmarnock, by patent to him and his heirs 
male, 7th August 1661 ; and had a charter of 
the barony of Kilmarnock 30th July 1672 ; also 
of Kilmarnock and Grougar in 1679.* He had 
a disposition of the *^ forty shilling land of old 
extent of the Kirkland of Kilmarnock, vrith the 
glebe lands, thereof,** from John Hamilton of 
Grange, dated 22d June 1677. He disposed of 
the lauds of Hairschawmuir to John Boyd, mer- 
chant, Edinburgh, 6th July 1670, in payment of 
money borrowed from the said John.f His lord- 
ship died in March 1692. By his lady, Jean 
Cuninghame, eldest daughter of William ninth 
Earl of Glencairn, High Chancellor of Scotland, 
he had issue : — 

1. William second Earl of Kilmarnock. 

2. Hon. Captain James Boyd. 

8. Hon. Captain Charles Boyd, who died at Narnor fai 

September 1787. 
4. Hon. Bobert Boyd, 

1. Lady Mary, married to Alexander Porteifleld of 

XIX. William second Earl of Kilmarnock 
succeeded his father in March 1699, but died in 
May the same year. He married Lettice, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Boyd of the dty of Dublin, and 
had two sons — 

1. 'William, who snooeeded. 

2. Hon. lliomas Boyd, who became a member at the 
Faculty of A d vocates in 1 7 1 . He married Eleanors, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Nicholson of Camock, in the 
county of Stirlingt Baronet, who, in her widowhood, 
married John Craufiud of Craufurdland. 

XX. William third Earl of Kilmarnock was 
served heir to his father 20th July 1699, and 
took the oaths and his seat in Parliament 6th 
July 1705. He had a new patent of his title 

* Charter chest 

t Amongst the family papers there is a * Clare Canstat' 
in fkvour of Lady Margaret Boyd, spouse of Shr Thomas 
Foulis of Beidfbord. This lady was a daughter of John 
Boyd, Dean of Guild of Edinburgh, and bad aaaiiieof the 
lands of Hairschaw, 97th December 1680. She and her 
husband disposed at the annual rent of Hairschaw to 
John BoOl of Kelbum in 1681. Sir Thomas Foulis was 
a Lord of Session. 



and dignities from Queen Anne in 1707. Ab we 
have had occasion to narrate elsewhere, his lord- 
ship was a steady supporter of the Revolution 
Settlement, and displayed great military zeal in 
opposing the rebellion of 1714. He acquired 
the lands of Beinsbume and Papers Brae, in the 
vicinity of Kilmarnock, from John M^Leslie, 26th 
February 1703. He died in September 1717, 
leaving by his lady Euphane, eldest daughter of 
William eleventh Lord Ross, an only son, 

XXI. William fourth Earl of Kilmarnock. The 
records of the burgh of Kilmarnock, as we have 
previously shown, bear ample proof of the in- 
terest taken by his lordship in the affiiirs of the 
community. Unfortunately for himself he be- 
came attached to the cause of the Pretender, 
and joined his standard at Edinburgh immediately 
after the battle of Preston. Prince Charles had 
been entertained at Callendar House on his pro- 
gress towards the capital, when, it is understood, 
the Earl had pledged himself to the cause. The 
£arl was appointed Colonel of the Horse, was 
with the army of the Prince in England, and 
acted a prominent part at the battle of Falkirk, 
afl^er its return to Scotland. At the decisive field 
of CuUoden, his lordship was taken prisoner, and 
conveyed to the Tower in London, where, having 
been convicted of high treason, he suffered de- 
capitation, 18th August 1746. Various reasons 
have been assigned for hb lordship's desertion of 
the constitutional principles in which he had been 
so religiously brought up ; but the chief cause, 
as he himself has stated, seems to have been the 
embarrassed position of his afifurs. That he 
deeply regretted his conduct, apart from any 
hope of pardon it might bring him, there appears 
to be no good reason to doubt ; for, although 
his lordship confesses to an indulgence in some 
of the fashionable vices of the times, his innate 
sense of truth and justice can hardly be ques- 
tioned. ^^ While in prison,'* says the hbtorian 
of Kilmarnock, '^ his lordship wrote a letter to 
his lady, one to his eldest son, and another to his 
factor, the late Boyd Paterson, Esq. The latter 
of these is in the possession of Mr Paterson's 
great-grandson, M. T. Paterson, Esq., Deanside, 
who has kindly permitted us to copy it. Li a 
striking manner it exhibits the sterling honesty 
of the writer; and, on that account, we insert it 
in our pages, convinced that it will be perused 
wish considerable interest. It is as follows: — 

« Sir, — ^I have oomxnended to jour care the enclosed 
packet to be delivered to my wife, in the manner yoar 
good aenae shall dictate to yon will be least shocking to 
her. Let her be prepared for it as much by degrees and 
with great tenderness as the nature of the thing will ad- 
mit of. The intire dependenoe I have all my life had the 
most Jnst reason to haye on yoor integrity and friendship 
to my wife and ikmlly as well as to myself makes me de- 

sire that the endosed papers may come tomy wift through 
your hands, in confldenoe that yon will take all pains, to 
comfort her and relieve the grief I know she will be in 
that you and her friends can. She is what I leave dearest, 
behind me in the world, and the greatest service yon can 
do to yoor dead friend is to contribute as much as possible, 
to her happiness in mind and in her aiTairs. 

* You will peruse the state before you deliver it to her, 
and yon will ob«erve that there is a ftmd of hers I dont 
mention, tliat of ftOO Scots a year as the interest of my 
mother-in-law's portion, in the Countess of Errol's hands, 
with I believe a considerable arrear upon it ; which as I 
have ordered a copy of all these papers to that Coontess, 
I did not care to put in. There is another thing, of a 
good deal of moment, which I mention only to you, be- 
cause, if it could be taken away without noise it would be 
better ; but if it is pushed, it will be necessary to defiend 
it : — ^that is a bond which yon know Mr Kerr, Director to 
the Chancery, has of me for a considerable sum of mcmey, 
with many years interest on it, which was almost all play 
debt. I dont think I ever had fifty pounds, or the half of 
it, of Mr Kerr's money, and I'm sure I never had a hun- 
dred, which however I have put it to in the enclosed De- 
claration that my mind may be intirely at ease. My in- 
tenti(m, with respect to that sum, was to wait till I had 
some money and then buy it off by a composition of three 
hundred pounds, and if that was not accepted ot to de- 
fend it ; in which I neither saw. nor now see anything nn - 
Just, and I leave it on my successors to do what they find 
most prudent in it. 

'Beside my personal debts mentioned in general and 
particular in the State, there is one for which I am liable 
in Justice, if it is not piiid, owing to poor people who gave 
their work for it by my orders. It was at Elgin in Murray, 
the r^;iment I commanded wanted shoes. I commissioned 
something about seventy pairs of shoes and brogues, which 
might come to about 8s. or three and sixpence each, one 
with another. The magistrates divided them among the 
shoemakers of the town and country, and each shoemaker 
ftunished his proportion. I drew on the town for the 
price, out of the composition laid on them, but I was told 
afterwards at Inverness that, it was believed, the compo- 
sition was otherwise applied, and the poor shoemakers not 
paid. As these poor people wrought by my orders, it will 
be a great ease to my heart to think they are not to lose 
by me, as too many have d(me in the course of that year, 
but had I lived I might have made some inquiry after : 
but now it is impossible, as their hardships in loss of horses 
and such things, which happened through my soldiers, are 
so interwoven with what was done by other people, that 
it would be very hard, if not impossible, to separate them. 
If you'll write to Mr Innes of Dalkinty at Elgin (with 
whom I was quartered when I lay there) he will send you 
an account of the shoes, and if they were paid to the shoe- 
makers or no; and if they are not, I beg you'll get my 
wife, or my successors, to pay them when they can. 

* Receive a letter to roe fh>m BIrs Boyd, my Cousin 
Maloomb'B widow ; I shall desire her to write to you for 
an answer, 

' Accept of my sincere thanks for your friendship and 
good services to me. Continue them to my wife and chil- 
dren. My best wishes are to you and yours and for the 
happiness and prosperity of the good Town of Kilmar- 
nock, and I am Sir your humble Ser>'ant. 


'Tower of London, Angt. IS, 1746.' 

" The letter to his son was written on the day 
previous to his execution. We cannot resist pre- 
senting it to our readers ; for, besides giving us 
a glimpse of the heart and mind of the unfortun- 
ate nobleman, it inculcates instruction of the 
highest importance : — 

•Tower, 17th August, 174G. 
' Dear Botd,— I must take this way to bid you fare- 
well, and I pray God may for ever bless you and guide 



you In this worid, and bring you to a happy immortality 
in the world to oome. I must likewise give you my last 
advice. Seek God in your youth, and when you are old 
he will not depart fW)m you. Be at pains to acquire good 
habits now, that they may grow up and become strong in 
yon. liOve mankind, and do jusUoe to all men. Do good 
to as many as you can, and neither shut your ears nor 
your purse to those in distress whom it is in your power 
to relieve. Believe me, you will find more joy in one be- 
neficent action, and in your cool mornings you will be 
more happy with the reflection of having made any one 
person so, who, without your assistance, would have been 
miserable, than in the ei\}oyment of all the pleasures of 
sense — which pall in the using — and of all the pomps and 
gaudy shows of the world. Live within your circum- 
stances, by which means you will have it in your power to 
do good to others. • • • Prefer the public interests 
to your own, wherever they interfere. Love your family 
and your children, when you have any, but never let your 
regard for them drive you on the rock I split upon, when 
on that account I departed Arom my principles, and brought 
the guilt of rebellion on my head, for whid^ I am now 
nnder the sentence Justly due to my crime.* Use all your 
Interest to get your brother pardoned, and brought home 
as soon as possible, that his circumstances and bad influence 
of those he is among may not induce him to accept of fo- 
reign service, and lose him both to his country and his 
family. If money oan be found to support him, I wish 
you would advise him to go to Geneva, where hisprincixdes 
of religion and liberty will be confirmed, and where he 
may stay till you see if a pardon can be procured him. 
As soon as Commodore Bamet comes home, inquire for 
your brother Billie, and take care of him on my account 
I must again recommend your unhappy mother to you. 
Comfort her, and take all the care yon can of your brothers ; 
and may God, of his infinite meroy, preserve, guide, and 
conduct you and them through all the vicissitudes of this 
life, and, after it, bring yon to the habitations of the just, 
and make you happy in the enjoyment of Himself to all 

The Earl of Eilmamock married Lady Anne 
Liyingstone, only surviving child and sole heiress 
of James fifth Earl of lanlithgow and Callendar, 
by Lady Margaret Hay, second daughter of John 
twelfth Earl of Enrol, and by her, who died, it 
may truly be said, of a broken heart, at Kilmar- 
nock House, on the 18th September 1747, had 
three sons : — 

1. James Lord Boyd. He served in the Scots Fusileers 
at the battle of Cnlloden, and was, of course, opposed 
to his father. By a trust-deed, dated 1732, and con- 
firmed by the House of Peers in 1752, he recovered 
the lands of Kilmarnock, which had been forfeited, 
and which he afterwards sold to the Earl of Glen- 
cairn. On the death of his grand-aunt, the Countess 
of Errol In her own right, he succeeded to the title of 
Earl of Errol in 1758. He died at Callendar House 
in 1778. 

2. Hon. Charles, was engaged at Cnlloden in the ranks 
of the Pretender. He fled to the island of Ar- 
ran, and there concealed himself for a year. He at 
length found his way to the Continent, where he mar- 
ried a French lady, and after a residence there of 
twenty years, a pardon to all the rebels having been 
then granted, he returned to Scotland. Li 1773, Dr 

* This looks like an admission on the part of the Earl 
that he had joined the standard of the Prince through the 
counsel of his lady, although he elsewhere repudiates the 
fact. The passage, however, may be understood to mean 
that his love for his fkmily had unduly urged him to at- 
tempt the bettering of his fortune by the desperate mea- 
sure of rebellion. 

Johnson and his fiiend Boswell, idien on tbair tour 
to the Hebridesi spent some time with him and lus 
brother, the Earl of Errol, at his seat of Slain's Castle, 
in Aberdeenshire. 
8. Hon. William. He served in the royal navy, and 
was promoted, in 1761, to a company of the iinrr- 

The present Earl of Errol is the direct descen- 
dant of the Kilmarnock family in the male line. 
In the Peerage of the United Kingdom he is 
Baron Kilmarnock of Kilmarnock. 


Much light was thrown upon the genealogy of 
this andent family by the publication, in 1825, 
of " The Historic and Descent of the House of 
Rowallane, by Sir William Mure, Knight of Row- 
allan, written in or prior to 1657 ;" but the writer 
seems to have fallen materially into error, in 
reference to the early history of the fiunily. He 
holds that the Mures, or Mores of Rowallan, 
originally came from Ireland ; and the editor of 
the *^ Historie" is the more inclined to believe in 
the Celtic origin of the name, that in ** most 
early writings** the ^^ preposition de is omitted, 
which so invariably accompanies all early Saxon 
designations.** Now, this is not the fact — WU- 
lielmi de Mora^ and Laurentii de Mora^ occur in 
two charters granted by Robert I., so that no 
argument can be drawn from this as to the Celtic 
derivation of the Mures, or Mores. Neverthe- 
less there may have been a tradition in the Bow- 
allan fkmily that their ancestors came from Ire- 
land — a tradition perhaps similar to that which 
exists in Carrick in reference to the family of 
Kennedy; but we are inclined to think that it 
rests on no better ground than that those who 
spoke the Erse, or Celtic language, were called 
Erse, or Irish, in contradistinction to the Nor- 
mans and Saxons introduced into the country by 
the Crown. Like the Kennedies, the Mures 
may have been of the ancient race of Scotland, 
for it is well known that Ayrshire was decidedly 
a Celtic district until comparatively modem times. 

If the Mures of Rowallan really were a direct 
offshoot of the 0*Mores of Ireland, it is plain 
that the writer of the " Historic ** could not 
claim for them the distinction of being at the 
head of the name in Scotland, because the Crown 
charters show that there were Moores^ or Mores, 
contemporaneously in various parts of Scotland. 

The author, in tracing his ancestry, ventures 
no farther back than Sir Gilchrist, who is said to 
have distinguished himself at the battle of Largs 
in 1263, and he brings to his assistance a Ranald 
More, ^^ who had come purposlie from Ireland,** 



to wliom Sir Gilchrist gave ^^ the lands of Pol- 
keUie," one of the oldest inheritances, if not the 
<mly one, belonp^g to the family at the time. 
There is something questionable here ; for it ap- 
pears by the charters of Robert I. that the Mures 
had been pretty extensive proprietors in the 
county on his accession to the Crown, which 
could hardly have been the case if their settle- 
ment in the district had been so recent; neither 
does the fact accord with the author^s statement 
as to the antiquity of the family inheritance. 

With these prdiminary remarks, which will be 
better understood as we proceed, we shall en- 
deavour to trace the descent of the family. 

According to the author of the " Historic," 
Kowallan had been in possession of the Mures 
previous to the reign of Alexander III., from 
which they were dispossessed by the powerful 
house of Cuming, and the owner. Sir Gichristl 
More, was " redacted for his safty to keep 

ray had a charter ^^ of the waird of Walter 
Cuming of Eowallan^ in vie, de Roxburgh, with 
the lands thereof. ^^ It is thus apparent that the 
Rowallan lands in Roxburghshu*e were not in 
possession of Sir Gilchrist at this period ; and it 
is next to impossible that the same Sir Gilchrist 
Mure, who fought at the battle of Largs, could 
have been alive in the reign of David U. In- 
deed he is stated by the author to have died in 
1280. No reliance, therefore, is to be placed on 
the *^ Historic " by Sir William farther back 
than can be corroborated by concurrent testi- 
mony. The immediate ancestor of Sir Gilchrist 
appears to have been 

I. ^^ David dg Moore," mentioned in a char- 
ter by Alexander U. between 1214 and 1249,* 
who is stated to have been ^^the head of the 
house of Rowallane." This is extremely pro- 
bable, at least, he is the first on record. That 
he possessed Rowallan, however, is doubtful, 
close in Ins castle of Pokellie.^^ After the battle I though the lands of Polkelly, chiefly in Renfrew- 

of I^args, however, upon which occasion Sir 
Gilchrist received the honour of Knighthood in 
reward of his bravery, he " was reponed to his 
whole inheritance." " Sir Gilchrist," continues 
the author, *^ for preventing of more occation of 
trouble, and for settling of his owne securitie and 
firmer peace made allyance with this partie of 
power, and maried Isabell, his onlio daughter 
and heire, by accession of whose inheritance, to 
witt of the lands of Cuminside, Draden, and 
Harwoods, his estate being enlarged." The edi- 
tor, however, remarks, that it is " fully as prob- 
able, even from his own showing, that Polkelly 
was the more ancient inheritance of his family, 
aud that Rowallan was acquired solely by the 
marriage of the heiress, Isabell, as is generally 
held.'** But to follow our author — " After the 
death of Sir Walter Cumine, Sir Gilchrist now 
secured not onlie in the title and full possession 
of his old inheritance, but also in his border lands 
qaherin he succeided to Sir Walter forsaid within 
the Sherefdome of Roxburgh, being sensible and 
mindfuU of the deserving of his frcinds and fol- 
lowers in time of his troubles, deals with all of 
them as became a man of honour, bestowing 
vpon each some parcell of land according to his 
respect, intrest or (happly) promise to the per- 
sone. He disponed to his kinsman Ranald More, 
who had come purposlie from Ireland for his 
assistance in time of his troubles, and tooke 
share vrith him of the hazard of the battell, the 
lands of Fokellie," &c. Now there is evidently 
a complete jumbling of times and circumstances 
here. In the reign of David 11. Maurice Mur- 

• Niibet'8 Heraldry. 

shire, may have belonged to him. He was pro- 
bably succeeded by 

n. Sir Gilchrist, who fought at the battle of 
Larg^. He is said, as already mentioned, to have 
disponed the lands of Polkelly to his kinsman, 
Ranald More, but of this there is no evidence.! 
The author of the " Historic" refers to a charter 
" extant, granted by him to his daughter Anicia, 
of the lands of Cuthsach, Gulmeth, Blaracharsan, 
with the woods thairof purchast from Molid, to- 
gether with Gamegep and Calder, rowmes now 
not knowne by these names. The pasturage 
thairin specifyed being bounded vpon the north 
side from Drwmbwy dicth by Swinstie bume, 
maks evident that the lands of Pokellie have been 
at that time in the hands of the disponer, and a 
proper part of the mure of Rowallane," &c. 
With his daughter Anicia, married to Richard 
Boyle of Kelbume, he is said to have given the 
lands of Polmskane, " for payment of ane pound 
of Comine seed in name of blensch ferme yearlie 
from these times, till by God^s good providence 
they are now brought in againe, to the house by 
lawfull purchase. He gifted likwisc the lands of 
Ardoch (now Crawfurdland,) to Johne Crawftu*d 
and aires, for service of waird and reliefe, and to 
Edward Amot the two finnicks for yearlie pay- 
ment of ane p^ of gloves at St Liawrence Chapell, 

* History of RenjQrewshire. 

t Reginald More had a charter from Bobert I., of ** the 
lands of Templestown and Scheills, (Edlnborghshire), given 
to him by Rodulphus Lindsay, dadum magister hospitalis 
St John JeroBolomitani." Ronald More, Chalmerlan, 
had a charter of the '* lands of Formerteine, Akintor. 
Aboyn, Meikle Morfey, Douny, and Caverays, whilk was 
Isabel BaUiol's, heir to Thomas Balliol [Lanerk] from 
David II.- 



and of ane pair of spurs at St Michaell^s Chapell, 
embleames of reddle serrice.* Last it is recorded 
that he builded the Mures lie at Kihnamock, 
and decored the same with funerall monuments, 
and mortified for mantainance of the Preist who 
did officiat at the altar thairin, to the Abacie of 
Killwining, the lands of SkimaUand, for which 
reasone the nomination of the priest forsaid (a 
custome which constantlie continued till the re- 
storing of religion) was proper to him and his 
successors. *^t ^ur Gilchrist, who had CTidently 
been the means of vastly increasing the family 
estates, although there is no evidence of his being 
in the possession of Rowallan, is said to have 
died ^^ about the year 1280, neer the 80 year of 
his age/' He was buried, says the historian, 
'* with his forfathcrs in his owne buriell place in 
the Mures Isle at Kilmarnock," a statement cer- 
tainly involving an anachronism. If he was the 
builder of the Isle, he could not well have been 
buried with his forefathers, unless they had been 
disiuhumed for the purpose. He had, by his lady, 
Isabell Cumine: — 
1. Archibald, his heir. 

1. Elizabeth, married to Sir Godfrey Ross. 

3. Anicia, married to Richard Boyle of Kelbame. 

He was succeeded by his son, 

m. Archibald, who was slain at Berwick, 

where the army of Baliol was wholly routed, in 

* These chapels are stated by the author to hare been 
dtnated at Bankend and Well, near Rowallan, places still 
known, but no vestige of the chapels remain. 

t The following notices concerning Kure's Isle 'have 
been collected from the Session records of Kilmarnock : — 

*' Sess. 2 August 1649. — The whilk day, the minister 
and elders being conreinet in Session, and having con- 
cluded with adryoe of the presbytery at the last visitation 
of the Kirk, for the better accommodation and Airther- 
ance of the people, both in seeing the minister and hear- 
ing the word, that the piUar and pen,divydingthe yle 
called the Mures' yle, as bebig held and acknowledged 
from ancient tymes the proper buriall place of the house 
of Rowallan and CrauAirdland,** &c. 

** At Kilmarnock, the fyft day of Jully, one thousand 
six hundred and seventie six yeares, it is agreit and endit 
betwixt the parties following. To wit. Sir Wm. Mure of 
Rowalland, knyght, with consent of Wm. Muir, younger 
thereof, his son, and John Craufurd of Craufhnlland, with 
consent of John CrauAird younger thereof, his son, on the 
other part, hi this manner following: That the said John 
CrauAurd of CrauAiidland, shall alter his seat that is d- 
tttat within the north yle of the old church of Kilmar- 
nock, commonlie called the Muires' yle,** &c. 

In 1695, the aisle was ordered by the Session to be re- 
paired and seated; but the seats were to be raised when 
the fkmily had occasion to bury there. 

The school-house at Kilmarnock having been burnt, the 
children were, for a short time, taught hi the aisle; its 
bad air and dampness caused fever to prevail amongst 
them, and it was soon abandoned as a school-house. 

Some of the sepulchral monuments, with which this 
aisle was ** decored," might be seen some yean ago, and < 
may perhaps still be seen in the garden of the house, 
once occupied by Captain Thomson, in the foregate, Kil- 

1298. He married a daughter of Sir John Mont- 
gomerie of Eastwood, and by her had, 

1. William, his successor.* 

1. Margaret, married to Geocge Dnnbar of Conmock. 

3. Jonet, married to 

lY. William, heir and successor, is honour- 
ably mentioned in an indenturef of truce with 
England, in the nonage of King David, wherein 
he is designed Sir William. He is probably the 
same individual mentioned in the charter of 
Robert I. to '' R >bert Boyd, of the lands of Kil- 
marnock, Bondingtoun, Hertschaw, &c.— que 
fuerunt Johannis de Balliolo, Godfridi de Bos, 
filii quondam Reginaldi de Ros, WUlielmi de Moray 
et Robert! de Ros.'* The Mures, from then con- 
nection with the Cumins, had probably beeu in 
some measure opposed to the claims of the Bruce, 
hence the acquisition of their 'lands by the fol- 
lowers of King Robert. Part of the lands granted 
by the King to Fergus Ardrossan of Ardrossan, 
belonged to LaurentU de Mora. According to 
the author of the ^* Historic,*' Sir William died 
about the time David H. was taken prisoner 
at the battle of Durham, fought on the llth Oc- 
tober 1346. If he was the same Sir William 
mentioned in the indenture, however, he must 
have been alive at a much later period, as there 
is a Willielmus More mentioned in the M^Farlane 
^ISS. as living in 1363. Reynold, son and heir 
of Sir William More, was one of the hostages 
left in England on David's redemption in 1357; 
and the editor of the *^ Historic" presumes that 
if Sir William was of Rowallan, that Reynold, 
his heir, may have died while in England, and 
the succession devolved upon his younger brother, 
Adam, This is extremely probable ; but, at the 
same time, it is impossible to say whether these 
William Mores belonged to the Rowallan or 
Abercom Mures. WUliam More, for example, 
had a charter of '^ the barony of Abercom, by 
the resignation of John Graham," from David IL 
Sir "^ViUiam married *^ a daughter of the house of 
Crag^e, then Lmdsey," and by her had, at all 
events, his successor, 

y. Sir Adam, *''• who having been bred a long 
time in his father's auld age with the manage- 
ment and weight of all his affaires both private 
and more publick, in these rougher times, found 
the less difficultie to apply himself by a more 
easie method to mantaine the lott and fortonne 
left by his predeoessours, now in his own hand." 

• The anoeston of the Knies of Caldwell and Anehiii- 
draine are supposed to have heen Iwothers of William. 

t This indenture, according to a note an the margin of 
the ** Historie," was in the posseasloii of Mr Thomas CnM- 
ftird. Professor of Philosophy and Mathematics in the 
University of Edinburgh, and anthor of the KoCeo on 
Buchanan's History, ftc. 



It appears firom the '^ Historie," that the family 
had suffered considerably during the war of inde- 
pendence, maintained first by Wallace, and after- 
wards by Bruce; and Sir Adam is eulogised for 
his prudence in having improved and enlarged 
their dilapidated inheritance. Sir Adam* is said 
to have married Janet Mure, grand-daughter of 
Ronald More, heiress of Polkellie, by which the 
latter estate was rejoined to Bowallan. By this 
marriage, he had : 

1 . Sir Adam, his sncoenor. 

2. Andnw, ** imde to the Ung," (Bobert III.) 

1. EUstbeth, mAirled to Robert, the High Steirard, af- 
terwards King of 8ootUnd. There existed at one 
time much dnbiety as to the reality of this marriage. 
All onr early historians, down eren to Boohanftn, 
were oi <q>inion that the union had nerer been lega- 
lised by marriage. The author of the ** Historie,** 
however, quoting from a ** deduction of the descent 
of the house of BowaUane,** collected by Mr John 
JLennonth, chaplain to Alexander Archbishop of St 
Andrews, says ** That Robert, Great Steward of Scot- 
land, having taken away the said Elisabeth, drew to 
Sir Adame her father ane instrument that he should 
take her to his lawftdl wyfe, which myself hath seen, 
eatth the collector, ae also aae teattmonie, written in 
I^atine by Roger M'Adame, prelst of our Ladie 
Karie's Chapell.**t ** Mr Lewis Innes, Principal of 
the Scots College at Paris, first eompletely prored 
the fallacy of Buchanan's account of King Robert's 
marriages, by publishing in 1694, a charter granted 
by him in 1364, which charter showed that Elisabeth 
More was the first wife of Robert, and made reference 
to a dispensation granted by the Pope for the mar- 
riage. That dispensation was long sought far in vain, 
but was at length discovered in 1789, at which time 
a dispensation for the marriage of Robert II. with 
Eaphame Roes was fi>und.**| Ample proof of the 
union exists in the Crown charters. For example, 
there is a charter by David II. " to Robert, Great 
Stuart of Scotland, of the lands of Kyntire, with the 
advocation of the kirks thereof in feet and to John 
Stewart, his son, gotten betwixt him and EUsabeth 
More, daughter to Adam More, Knight, and fkilsdng 
of him, to Walter, his second brother."! Also, a 
charter by Robert III. ** to Andrew Mur, undo to the 
King, of ane pension of £20 sterling Airth of the 
great customs on both sides of the Forth, until said 
Andrew or his hefars should be heritably seised in a 
£iO land in some convenient place.*! Elisabeth 
More, the first wife of Robert II., is said to have been 
a woman of great beauty, and to have attracted the 
attention of the High Steward during the troublous 
times of Edward Baliol, when he was ftequently 
compelled to seek safety in concealment. Dundonald 
Castle, then the chief residence of the Stewarts, was 
no doubt the •* scene of King Robert's eariy attach- 
ment and nuptials with the fair Elisabeth." From 
this union are descended the existing race of British 
sovereigns, as well as most of the crowned heads of 

VL Sir Adam, the eldest son, succeeded his 
father. He is the first of the Mures whom we 

* Ade More had a charter of lands from Robert I. In 
the rrign of David I., there is a charter of ** excambion 
b^wixt Alexander Livingstoun of that Ilk and Ade More, 

t Supposed to be " Onr Lady's Kirk of Kyle," in Monk- 
ton pariah. 

t Remarks by the editor of the * Historie.' 

f K<Awrtson's Index. | Ibid. 

VOL. n. 

find styled ** of Rowallan" in any of the public 
charters, although there can be no doubt that his 
father had been in possession of that property, 
for Sir Adam had a charter of the barony, on the 
resignation of his father, firom Kobert lU., dated 
at Irvine, in the second year of his reign (1301.) 
He married " Dame Joanne of Dannestone (Da- 
nielstoun),* daughter to the lord of that family.*' 
There is a charter from Kobert III. to '^ Adam 
More of Rowallan, and .... Danielstoun, his 
spouse, of the lands of Polnekill, Grey, Dumblay, 
Clunche, Clony, Herber, Darlache, Balgrum, in 
the barony of Cuninghame, vie. Air ; the lands of 
Ayntslare; by resignation of Jonet Danielstoun.**t 
Sir Adam ** carried away,*' says the author of the 
* Historie,* ^* as appears with emptie surmises and 
hopes founded on court favours (not well enoughe 
acquent with the rocks in the way), made un- 
awares a new rent in his estate, and provyded his 
second sone, Allexander, to the barony of Po- 
kellie, together with the lands of Limflare and 
Lowdowne hill, qherin his lady was infefl in life- 
rent, and wer given out by him, now the second 
time, to the great damnage and prejudice of his 
house and posteritie, and not without a deserved 
note of improvidence and wnadvcrtance to the 
good thairof. However, at that time the Court 
seemed to smile vpon him, his proper estate con- 
siderable, his firiendship strong, and of the great- 
est of these times. He gave a quartered coat of 
the armes of Mure and Cumine. The hoarsenes 
and assperitie of the Irish pronunciation of his 
tittle and lands is forgoten, and Rigallane is now 
Rowallane, Pothkellath is now Pokellie, &c., and 
More is Mure by the Court dialect.*' Sir Adam 
seems to have predeceased his lady, as she had 
letters purchased firom Robert Di^e of Albany, 
^* dispensing with the recognition of the barronie 
of Polkellie and others her lands pertaining to her 
be terce or otherwise, dated at Downe, in Mun- 
telth, anno 1416, the tent year of his govemale.** 
In these letters she is designed Dame Joanne of 
Danielstoune, *^wife to whilome our Cussine 
Adame Mure of Rowallane.'* Sir Adam died in 
1399.^ He had issue by his lady : 

1 . Archibald, who succeeded. 

3. Alexander of Polkellie fi He had, from David II., 

• Danielstoun of that Ilk. The possessions of this 
ancient and opulent family, whose cUef messuage was 
the castle of Flnlaystoun, BenAnewshire, devolved to Mar- 
garet and Elizabeth, daughters and co-heiresses of sir 
Bobert Danielstoun of that Ilk, about the beginning of 
the fifteenth century. — ' Crawf. Hist, of Benf.* 

t Bobertson's Index. 

t Adam More de BowaUan is a witness to a charter by 
Bobert II. *' Ferguslo de Fonlertone de Arane temw 
nostras A Orqwhonyne,'' ke. ** apud Amele, 26to die No- 
vembris, anno regni seenndo (1873)." 

9 ** Alexandri M<m«,** had a charter « de terris de Kyn- 
chumbr,** from David II. 




** Carts oonflnn. oarte conoene per Alexandrmn de 
EUyiutouii, Dominum c^osdem, Alezandro More, Alio 
quondam Ade More, mUitiB, terre de Kychumbr, in 
baronia de Stanhoos, (qnam Dominu (}odfi1diu de 
Boos dedit Alexandro de EUynstoan, patxi dieti Alex* 
andri, in excamUe pro qtutdam petia terre in Erthbeg): 
testes in original! carta non insemntnr in reoordo ; 
carta oonflnn. data Adt apnd Edynbnrgh, 4 Jimii, a. r. 
88 (ises).*** From the Earl of Douglas, who married 
Margaret, daughter of Robert III., he had the lands 
of Hareschaw and Dmmbowy by a precept of inftft- 
ment dated in 1417. He is said to hare ** adventored 
himself" for the Earl of Douglas *' in all his noble 
undertakings.** So also is it said of 
9. Ranldne, or Reginald, '* commonlie called of Aber- 
oorae,** says our author,** not that he had these lands 
in heretage, foar that doth never appear by historic 
nor evident that hath ever come to my hands, not- 
withstanding of the common traditian thalranent, 
being established thair as Bailliffe and a chief officer 
wnder his lord, the Earle of Duglass, having chaiige of 
his men thair in all his noble atchdfbmentB.''t The 
decendants of Bankine, to the third generation, are 
said to have been steady supporten of the house of 
Douglas. The last of them died in defending the 
onstle of Abereom against King James, when the 
house of Douglas was wholly overthrown. *'The 
3fure8 of Skcmore and J[ittiem<Hre (?) both houses now 
perished and quyte out of memorie, wer said to have 
been the onlie remnants of that nee" — (Lew the 
race of Bcf^nald.) 

Vn. Archibald Mure of Bowallan sncceeded. 
He married Euphamo Kennedy, daughter of the 
Knight of Dunnnir^ by whom he had a son, Ro- 
bert. He is said by the author of the ^ Historie* 
to have " died in battcll against Ingland, 1426 ; *' 
but here the editor remarks, that this part of the 
account is '* obviously erroneous, as nothing in 
history, of this nature, corresponds to the date 
1426, or with James II.," and supposes the bat- 
tle in question to have been that of Sark in 1448. 
By a charter of " Greorge FuUertoun, lord of 
Corsbie,^' in 1430, it appears that 

YIII. Robert More of Rowallan was in that 
year Sheriff-Depute of Ayrshire. He may have 
been the son of Archibald, who died in 1426. 
Robert was probably succeeded by a son or a 
brother, named 

IX. Archibald Mure of Rowallan, who may 
have been slain at the battle of Sark in 1448. The 
author has thus probably omitted two successors 
in the descent of the family, from his confounding 
the time of the two Archibalds, for he seems to 
be positive that a ^^ Robert succeeded to his Ei- 
ther Archibald.'* Archibald Mure of Rowallan 
married Isabel, third daughter of Sir John Mont- 
gomerio of Eglintoun, who appenre from 1405 to 

^ Robertson's Index. 

t Tl^ seems to be the correct view of his position, and 
\ie is probably the *' Ranald More, Chalmerian,** whom 
we have previously noticed as having obtained a charter 
9f certain lands from David II. Sir William Blore of 
Aberoom occurs frequently in the charters of David II. 

^ Ancestor of the present Marquis of Ailsa. 

X. Robert Mure of Rowallan. He is described 
as a frequenter of the ** court in the minoritie of 
King James the Third. He was ane man black 
bared, and of ane hudge large stature, therefore 
commonlie called the Rud* of Rowallane. The 
king in his beamc head proponed to round with 
him, and as he ofiered swa to doe, dang out his 
eye with the spang of ane cocle-sheU. He was a 
man regarded not the well of his house, but in 
following court, and being unfit for it, waisted, 
sold, and wadset all his proper lands of Rowal- 
lane, quhilk may be an example to all his posteri- 
tie. He manned Margerie Newtoune, daughter 
to the laird of Michaell-hill, in the Merse. Ane 
druncken woman, and ane waistor man, quhat 
made then this house to stand but the grace of 
God." The following document, printed in the 
Appendix to the *^ Historic,'' seems to refer to 
this ^* waistor man'' and his son : — 

**K. Letters in fiivourea of Robert Mure of 
Rowallane, and his sonne Johne, 
Archibald Cravftird of Cranftnland. 
** Jaxbs, bo the grace of God King of Soottia tm our 
Shereff of Are and his depntis greting, libr sa mekle as 
it is hnmlie menit and ocMnplent to ws bo oar lonit ahoidtov 
Robert 3Iare of Rowallane, aponn Archibald Craaflvd of 
Craufbrdland, That quhar he has be fenist [feigned] Infor- 
madonn of ane byle [bill] of complaint, purchest cor let- 
tres direct to zow, our said Shonf, and soar depvtis, to 
distrenze him for a sowme of money optenit be the said 
Archibald apone the said Robert and vmquhil Johnse 
Mure his sone, of the quhilk sowm the said Robert has 
payt his parte thairof tltar the tennour of the Deerett op- 
tenit apone him be the said Archibald before the Lotdis of 
our Coonsale. Nevertheless, that ze intend to distrense 
the said Robert for the haile sowme, to his grete damp- 
nage and scaitht, and in oontrar Justice gif it sa be. 0«r 
Will is herefore, and we charge zow stndtlie, and com- 
mandis that ae gif our last lettres direct to zow, porcbcst 
be the said Archibald, wer to pat our vthcris lettres direet 
to zow apone ane act in the said mater of before to exe- 
cudoun, that ae execot the samjm deolie as eflTeris. And 
gif oure saldis last lettres wer purchest vtherwalse apoae 
ane byle oi complaint, that ze laochftilly smnmond wane 
and chaige the said Archibald, porchessar of our saidb 
lettres, to compere before ws and our Coonaale at Edia- 
buighe, or quhar it sail happJne ws to be for the tyme, the 
jdi day of October nixt to cum in the hoore of cans, with 
continuacioan of days, bringing with him our saidis vthcris 
lettres last purehetit be him in the said mater, to be sens 
and oonsiderit gif tliai be prooedit of Justice or aooeht 
And gif thai refer nocht to our saidis vtheris lettres direet 
to zow apomie the said act in the said mater of beftr. 
And forthair to ansnere to ws and at the instance ef the 
said Robert in the said mater in safer as law will, with ia- 
timacione to the said Archibald as efferia, Delinering thir 
oure lettres be zow deulie execot and indorsit as elTeris again 
to the berare. Gevin vndere oar Signet at Falkland the 
vii day of September, and of our regooe tlie aucht aers 

The '' Rud of Rowallane " died in 1504. He 

had issue : 
1. John, who snooeeded. 
3. Robert» in the Well, whose descendant, 
alain by the Boyds at PrestidK Kiik, 

• * Rud* means a perKm of great strength, and not dis- 
inclined to a firay. 

Ayr. IB 

^AHtBH or KtLktAttNOCk. 


S. Jamas. In Cnlg, 

4. W]lUaiii,Qf Cocktiias. 

1 . married to Boyde of Hietrie. 

XL John Mure of Rowallan succeeded, appa- 
rently on the resignation of his father, Robert. 
tte married ^^ Elizabeth Stewart, daughter to the 
first Lord Evandale, whose mother was daughter 
to the Earle of Crawfurd, called Earl Beardie.*^ 
He had issue : 

1. John, hfa mocewor. 

2. Archibald, called ** mlckle Archibald," 

8. Patrick Boyd. '*Not. 8. IffOS.—** Patrick Boyde, 
brother to the Laird of BowaUoon,^ and twentynwren 
others, ** was convicted of art and part of convocation 
of the lieges against the act of Parliament, coming to 
tiie Kiik of StewartMi, in company with John Mure 
of Bowallan, for the o0kce of Parish Clerk of the 
same Kirk, against Bobert Cunynghame of Cunyng- 
hamehede and his servants, in the year 1608."* 

4. James. ** James Mnir, brother to the Laird of Bow- 
alloon, was, in 1508, convicted of art and part of the 
fhrethooght felony and oppression done to John Mow- 
at, jmiior. Laird of Buable, and Andrew Stevinstone, 
in tiie town of Stewarton, in company with the Laird 
of BowaUoon.**! 

1. Lady Hacflurlane. 

2. Lady Balquider. 

5. The gndewife of Glarkland, Feaooek-Bank, &c. 

He is said to have died in 1501, before his father; 
but, according to the foregoing document, his 
death must have occurred prior to 1495. A long 
feud had existed between the Lairds of Rowallan 
and Cranfurdland, the former being the superiors 
of the lands of Ardoch (afterwards called Grau- 
fordland), which was carried to considerable ez- 
oess during the lives of Robert and John. The 
eridents of both houses are said to have been de- 
stroyed in the course of the struggle. Li a Jus- 
tice Ejrre, holden about 1476,$ by John Lord 
Carlisle (Chief- Justice of Scotland on the south 
aide of the Forth), at the burgh of Ayr, Robert 
Muir of Rowallan, and John Muir his son, and 
divers others their accomplices, were indicted for 
breaking the king^s peace against Archibald Crau- 
fnrd of Cranfurdland. 

Xn. John Mure of Rowallan succeeded his 
grandfather. He married Margaret Boyd, third 
daughter of Archibald Boyd of Bonshaw, brother 
to the Earl of Arran. This lady, in her youth, 
was mistress to James IV • She afterwards ^ * pro- 
cured to herself the ward of the Laird of Row- 
allan, John Muir, and married him.*' They had 
sasine of the lands of Wamockland, the ^ft of 
James IV., dated January 1498.§ They had 

1. Mnngo^ who faooeeded. 
S. Alexander, of OnnalieQgh. 
a. Fatrick. 
4. Adam. 

• Criminal THala. t lUd. 

t This date most be wroiiig, aHho\igti H is said to be ftom 
the Granftirdland papers. 
f Bowallatt wriu. 

1. Lady Newark; contraot of marriage dated IftSS: 
secondly, married to the Laird of Bar, thirdly to .the 
Gademan of Baldoon. 

3. Lady Sorbie, in Galloway. 
8. Lady Bar, younger. 

4. Lady Portincroes.* 

John Mure of Rowallan, "ane veiT^ worthie 
man,'' died at Flodden in 1513. He was suc- 
ceeded by his eldest son, 

Xm. Mungo Mure of Rowallan. Reappears 
to have greatly improved the old fortalice of Row-- 
allan, having '^ r^sit the hall vpone four vouttis 
[vaults], and laiche trance, and compleitit the 
samen in his awin tyme." lie is described as ^^ a 
man of singular valour, and very worthie of his 
hands, quhcrof he gave good proofe in divers 
conflicts." It was ^is laird of Rowallan who, 
with Robert Boyd, Gudeman of Kilmarnock, gave 
the Duke of Hamilton such signal assistance at 
the skirmish called the ** Field of Glasgow." In 
a memorandum of ^^ the behaviour of the house 
of Kilmarnock towards the house of Rowallane, 
and of their house towardis them,"t published in 
the appendix to the ** Historic," his services are 
thus recorded: — **It is wnderstanditthatMungow 
Muir of Rowallane, quhois mother was Boyd, 
joynit with Robert Boyd, Guidmane of Kilmar- 
nock, in seeking revengement of the slauchter off 
James Boyd, the Kingis sisteris sone,t quho sould 
have bene Lord Boyd, bot befoir he was fullie 
restoirit was slaine be the Earle of Eglintonne< 
Nixt, my Lord of Glencaime proposing ane richt 
to the barronie of Kilmarnock, procleamit ane 
court to be holdin at the Knockanlaw, quhair the 
said Robert Boyd, Guidmane of Kilmarnock, and 
Mungow Muir of Rowallane, with the assistimce 
of thair freindis, keipit the said day and place of 
court, ofHrit battel to the said Earle of Glencaime, 
and stayit him from his prctendit court hoilding. 
Thirdlie, the foirsaid Robert Boyd, Guidmane of 
Kilmarnock, and the said Mungow Muir of Ro- 
wallane, entcrit in the field of Glasgow, the said 
Mnngow being lairglie bettir accompanied thfcn 
the foirsaid Robert. They behavit themselfe bo 
valiantlie in that facht, that the Duik Hammil- 
tone, quho reckonit both his l^fe and honour to 
be preservit be thair handis, maid the said Robert 
Boyd, Guidmane of Kilmarnock, Lord Boyd, lyk 
also as he revardit the said Mongow Muir with 
dyvers fair ^fls. The said Robert Boyd hichlitf 
esteimit of the said Mungow Muir of Rowallane^ 
and gave him the first place of honour^ al his 
dayisj acknowleging the alteratione of his estaii 
to the worthines of the said Mtihgowis handis : 

• This lady seems more likely to have been a sister of 
John Mare of Rowallaii. ** Boherto Boyd . . . . et IsabeUI 
Mwr ejus spouse,** appear in a charter dated 1620. 

t Rowallan writs. 
I X Hon of Thomas Boyd Earl of Arran; 



this ifl knawin zit to ould living men/' Like a 
brave warrior, as he appears to have been, Mon- 
gow **died in battell at the Black Satterday'* 
[Pinkie-cleuch] in 1547.* He married Isabel 
Campbell, daughter of Su: Uugh Campbell of 
Loadoun, Sheriff of Ayr,t and had issue: — 

1. John, who succeeded. 

3. Archibald, of Arculane and Gotland. 
8. Mr Patrick, parson of Feme. 

4. Hugh, of Blacklaw and Skimalland. 
ft. Uobert 

1. Isobel, married to Hugh Wallace of Camel. 

2. Agnes, married to John Bimbar of Blantyre. 

5. Elizabeth, married to John Dunbar of Mochram. 

4. Margaret, married to Patrick Fleming, younger of 

ft. Jonet, manied to Mr John Fullarton of Dreghom. 

6. Marion.} 

XIV. John Mure of Rowallan. He is said to 
have taken ^^ great delyte in policie and planting. 
He builded the fore wark, back wark and woman 
hou8e,§ frome the ground.** Another account 
states, that ^^ he plaintit the oirchrarde and gair- 
dein, sett the vppir banck and nethir bank, the 
birk zaird befoir the zett.** Ho is said to have 
** lived gratiouslie;" yet the following "Letter of 
Sleance, by Alexr. Cowper," shows that he was not 
altogether free from the prevailing spirit of the 
times: — " Be it kend till all men be thir present 
lettres, me Alexander Cowpair, masone in Kill- 
wyning,nocht compellit, coacted, nor seducit be ony 
maner of waye, but of my awin frie motiue and 
voluntarie will, w}i;h consent and assent of honor- 
able men, Johnn Fergushill of that Ilk, Johnn Cow- 
pair of Brigend, Killwyning, Thomas Adameson, 
Blais Tarbet in Corshill, my cheife and capitall 
branchis, bayth on my father syde and mother 
syde, to haife remittit, pardonit and frelie forgevin ; 
and be the tennour heirof remittis, pardonis, and 
frelie forgevis, Johnn Mwre of Rowallane, Williaine 
Mwre his sone and air appeirand, Johnn Mwre 
and Mongow Mwre his sonncs, also Archibald 
Boyd of Portincors zoungar, andPatrik Glasfurde, 
thair complices, kin, freiudis, allys, assistans and 
parttakaris, the crewall wonding»hurting and blud- 
ing of me, the said Alexander, to the great effusione 
of my bluyde, done and committit be the saidis 
persones, thair seniandis and complicis, vpone the 
day of Februar, the zeir of God Jaj vc thre- 

• He is mentioned in the testament of Bemard Mure 
df Park, 2d. October 1 ft47. 

t Mungo Mure was amerciated, in lft27, for resetting 
and supplying Hugh Campbell, Sheriff of Ayr. then at the 
horn fbr the slaughter of the Earl of Cassillis. 

t All mentioned in a deed by Dame Margaret Boyd 
In favour of John Mure of Bowallan. eldest son of Mungo 
Muro of Bowallan, dated October 1560. 

i The editor remarks that ** the part of the building 
called the ' woman house,' was perhaps that wliich con- 
tained the old kitchen, and tJie rooms of the donie^tic ser- 
vants ; which part, with the old tower on the Crag of Bow- 
allan, furaui the cast side of the castle. 

Bcoir and ten zeris [1570]." Subscribed, ^*At 
Irwin and Killwyning," 16th and 17th March, 
1571. According to the memorandum already 
quoted in reference to the good offices inter- 
changed between the houses of Kilmarnock and 
Rowallan, it would appear that this Laird of 
Bowallan had shown great friendship to Robert 
Master of Boyd, after the slaughter of Sir Neil 
Montgomerie of Lainshaw. He, with his vaasals, 
was the means of saving the Master^s life when 
pursued by the Montgomeries at Bogside. *^The 
said Rob^ Maister of Boyde seimit nevir to for- 
zett that kyndlie tume. Efter the field of Lang- 
syd the said Robert being Lord Boyd, fell in the 
disfavour of the Regent Murray ; how kyndly he 
was rcssavit in the place of Rowallane be the said 
•lohne Muir laird thairoff, it is weil knavin to 
dyvers within the perishenne zit living, both men 
and women. The said Robert Lord Boyd being 
commandit be the authority to passe afie the 
country, .... the Laird of Knockdoliane 
proponit to have dispossessit him off the bailiarie 
of Grugar, bot be the diligens of Sanderis Boyd, 
chamberland to the said Lord Boyd, the fr^indis 
of the Lord Boyd war adverteisit of the said 
Laird of Knokdolianes intentione, and com to 
Grugar at the appointit day^ of the Laird of 
Knockdolianes court halding, quhair Jhon Muir 
of Rowallane not only conveinit his awin fbrcis, 
bot also purchest his nichtbouris of Kilmauris 
and Cunninghameheid .... and past to 
the zondmest [furthest] boundis of Grugar to 
resist the said Laird of Knokdoliaae, that he and 
his fireindis suld nocht get leiff to sett their foot 
wpone no grund of Grugar to hauld thair court 
unfochtin with. It is also weil knawin be liveing 
men that Hew Earle of Eglintonne, quho died in 
Edinbruch, com accompanied with his freindis to 
the Blackb}Te, and tuik Andro Puickane, Guid- 
man of Blackbyre, my Lord Boydis tennant, upon 
allegance that he ipras a theiffe, the foirsaid Jhone 
Muir of Rowallane, with his awin folk, and the 
rest of the perishenne, met the foirsaid Earle of 
Eglmtoune at Bines bume, quho wes oonstrainit 
to delyvir the said Andro Puikane, lyk as he 
did to Jhone Gravrford of Crawfurdland, quho 
for eschewing of bloodshed delyvirit his bond 
to the said Earle of Eglintoune for redelyvery 
of the said Andro Puikane wpon the said Earlis 
lawfull requisitione. For all thir guid deidis 
done be the house of Rowallane to the house 
of Boyd, thair is gret liklines of wnk^oidly and 
wngraitiull meiting, quhilk nather God nor man 
will allow off. Gif it be that ony fireind of 
the house of Boyd doutis of this informatione, 
quhat wcs done by Mungow Muir ncidis no prof, 
for it is ccrtaine, and quhat wcs done be Jhone 



Muir may be verified by liTing men. The pro- 
oese of this present actione sail be extractt and 
kid up with this infonnatione, to teiche and in- 
struck our posterityis of the true kyndnes that 
was amongst our forbearis: and gif thair be ony 
alteratione, thairfra, to consider in quhois wyt it 



This memorandum must haye been drawn up 
by William Mure of Rowalhin, the son and suc- 
cessor of John; for it appears that the family 
tree must be rights and the author of the ^* His- 
torie " wrong, in reference to the death of John. 
According to the former, he died in 1581, and to 
the Utter, in 1591, at the age of 66. He was 
alive in 1589, when Thomas Master of Boyd was 
** diktit of the slauchter of ymquhile Johne 
Muir in the Wall, committit in the moneth of 
August 1571.^^* ** Williame Mure, apperand of 
Rowallane,*' was one of the sureties. This 
slaughter appears to have been committed in 
revenge of ^^ Robert Colwyngis (Golvin or Col- 
vil) skuchter ^' by the Mures, Alexander Boyd, 
fiUJier of the fourth Lord Boyd, having married 
a daughter of Sir Robert Golvill of Ochiltree. 
In 1571, Lord Boyd and John Mure of Row- 
allan were charged by the Regent Mar to appear 
before the Secret Council, with a view to adjust 
the feud which prevailed between the houses 
of Kilmarnock and Rowalkn, so that the cause 
of *^ wnkydly and wngraitfull melting ** between 
the parties had originated in the time of John 
Mure of Rowallan, before the memorandum was 
drawn up by his son, evidently in reference to 
the action begun in 1588 or 1589. There can, 
in short, be no doubt that 1591 u the proper 
date of the death of John Mure of Rowallan. 
He had a " Precept of Clare Constat," of " all 
and haill" the ^^ lands and tonne of Ingerstoune,*' 
&c. ; also the half of the ^^ toune and lands of 
Spitlehaugh," &c. *' all lyand within the baronie 
of Lintoune, Regality of Dalkeith and Sheref- 
dome of Peebles.*' These lands were originally 
granted " be Sir Thomas Aitoune, called Pro- 
band of Ingerstoune of the Colledge of St Ki- 
coks, the Bishop in Dalkeith within the diocie 
of St Andrews, with consent of me, Archibald 
Boyd, Provest of the said Colledge Kirk, and 
Preband Chapterly conveened, and of ane noble 
Earle, James Earie of Mortoune, Lord Dalkeith, 
patron of the said Colledge Kirk, to Mungo 
Muire of Rowallan [father of the above John]," 
&c '* to bo holden of the Prebands of Ingers- 
toune and their successors, in few ferme,' — ^for 

* In the Letters ai^nst Thomas Lord Boyd, pnblidied 
In the appendix to the ** Ilistorie,'* the date, apparently by 
Biitake, ia printed 16S0. 

certain feu duties, specified, *' and [for] building 
and vpholding vpon the saids lands, housses and 
policie necessar and agreeable to the said ground. 
Dated the twenty day of December, Jaj vc fourtie 
and fyve years, [1545] under the seall of the 
Preband and Chapter of the said patron "* He 
had, in 1588, as the following letter shows, the 
present of a horse from the Earl of Morton : — 

** Tralst Couting, after hertlie oommendatlonis I mind, 
Qod ^nlling, to pass ftirth of this realme for som oocaaioniB. 
1 have thocht gad to remember sou by my gray coursovr 
in an taiken of my favour. I think ze Mil find him als 
meit an halkney for sour self or zoor wife to ryd upoon as 
ony othyr, for I chodt him to have been presentit to the 
King quhen the Scota horse suld have been send to the 
Dnke of Gwies. 8wa wishing the welfore of xooraeU^ 
zoor |Wife and bamia, 1 commit sou to Qod. Off Dum- 
freee, the 31 day of Febniare lft82. 

Zour very friend 


The following letter was addressed to the Laird 
of Rowallan by Queen Mary, on her escape from 
prison in 1568; but as he had subscribed the 
^* Band" in support of the Reformation in 1562, 
in which year he also sat in Parliament, it is not 
probable that he attended the summons : — 

** TnUBt Friend, We grdt son weil. We believe it is 
not nnknawin to zon the greit merde and kyndnesa that 
Almyttiie God of his inflnit gudness hes Axrthschevin to- 
wart us at this tyme in the deliverance of us fra the maist 
straitless presson in qohilk we ware captive, of qnliilk 
meroy and kyndnes, we cannot enough thank, and there- 
fore we will desire zou, as ze will do us acceptable service, 
to be at us with all possible [speed] on Settirday the aught 
of this month, be aught hours aftemone or sooner gif ze 
may, well accompanyt with zour honourable friendis and 
servantis, bodin in ffdr of weir, to do us service, as ze sail 
be appointit, because we knaw zour oonstanoe at all tymes. 
We neid not mak longelr letters for the present, bot will 
bid zou feir-weil — Off Hamilton, the 6 of May 1568, and 
that ze with the folks bait on fUte and hone be heir on this 
next Sunday at the fordest. 


John Mure of Rowallan married Marion Cun- 

inghame, daughter of the Laird of Cuninghame- 

head, whose mother was a daughter of the Earl 

of Glencaim, and had issue : — 

1 . William, who succeeded. 

2. John of Cassincairie. 

8. Mungo, concerned in the slaughter of Hew fourth 
Barl of Eglfaitoun, for which he had a remission. He 
died in London in November 1688, and was **honour- 
ablie buried in Westminster Church." He greatly 
lamented the ** crying sinne of innocent blood.** 

1. Lady Adamton, who died in January 1682. 
f. Lady Newark: married, secondly, to the Laird of 
J-ochnaw, Sheriff of Galloway. 

3. Lady Ck>llellan ; married secondly, to the Gndeman 
of Dundonald. 

XY. William Mure of Rowallan succeeded 
his father. He is described as *^ of a meik and 
gentle spirit, and delyted much in the studio of 
phisick, which he practised especiallie among the 
poope people with very good success. He was 
ane religious man, and died gratiouslie in the 

• Kowallan wtitSr 



yeare of Eis age 69, the jet^ of our lord 1616/* 
The following is an extract of his latter- will : — 

^^ The Testament, testamentar, and Inventar 
of the guidis, geir, debts, and sowmes of money 
quhilk perteint to vmquhill William Muir, elder 
of Rowaliane, within the parochia of Kilmamok 
the tyme of his deceis, quha deceist in the moneth 
of November 1616, then ffaythfuUie maid and 
gevin Tp be his awin mouth, in swa far as con- 
cemis the nominacioun of his ezecutour and 
debtis awand out be him ; and pairtlie maid and 
gevin vp be Williame Muir of Rowaliane, his 
sone and executour nominat be him in his latter- 
will and testament vnderwritten, in swa far as 
ooncemes the geving vp of the Inventar of his 
guidis and geir and debts awand in to him, as the 
samyne of the date vnderwrittin mair fuUelie 

** Inuentar. 

*^ Item, the said Wm. had perteining to him the 
tyme of his deceis, &c., viz. fTourscoir and thrie 
tydie ky, at xiii li. vi s. viii d. ; forrow ky, with 
the stirks, fourtie ane, at do. ; thrie bulls, at viii 
li. ; nyntein stotts and quoyis of 3 zeir auld, at 
viii li. ; twentie fyve stotds and quoyis of 2 zeir 
auld, at vi li. ; threttie nyne stottis and quoyis of 
12 months auld, at iii li. 68. 8d.; fiiflie auld 
scheip, at x li. ; twentie four lambis, at xx s. ; 
thrie cursour staigis of thrie zeir auld, at 13 li. 
6s. 8d. ; twa gray fiUeis, of baith, xxxiii li. 6s. 8d.; 
twa twelfinoneth auld foills, price of baith, 6 li. 
13s. 8d.; ane auld broune meir in Lochgoyne, 
p. 24 li. ; ane meir in Fynnikhill, 26 li. 18s. 8d. ; 
twa work hors in Gamhill, ba^lh 33 li. 6s. ; twa 
work hors in Well, 66 li. 13s. 4d. ; in the Ma}'nes 
of Rowallan, four work hors, at 26 li. 13s. 4d. ; 
in Righill, ane broune hors, 33 li. 6s. 8d. In the 
bomezaird of DarfuUache, Well, Gamhill and 
Fynnikhill, conforme to the pruifis of the haill 
staks cassin, of aitts fyve hundrith threttie sevin 
bolls, at, with the fodder, iiii li. Item, of beir 
in the saidis bomezairdis, thriescoir ten bolls, at 
vi li. 13s. 4d., &c. 

(^ Debts awand In. — . • Be Johnne Howie in 
Lochgoyne, &c. for the crop 1616, 60 stains cheis, 
at 20s. Be the tennentis of Locbrig, for the 
personage teyndis of the landis of Lochrig, &c. 
the crop 1615 and 1616, 12 bolls meiU, price of 
all 80 li. Mair, be the said tenents, of alterage 
teynds for the said land, thir saxtein zeiris by- 
gane, be zeir 3 li. . . Be Agnes Miller for hir 
husband^s hcrizeld [hirsel] xxli. (Neill Mont- 
gomcrie of Langschaw occurs as indebted 33 li. 
And Johne Boill of Kelbume, conforme to his 
band, 33 li. Mair be him, for relief and nonentres 
of the fyve pund land of Polruskanc, Ixli., to- 
gidder with the sowme of fiflie pund for the price 

of fiflie pund wecht of Cvmyng,* awin of by* 
rune blanche to the sud sowmes of dewtie, con- 
forme to his band. Be Andro Amot, fear of 

Lochrig, conforme to his band, Ixxx li.) 

• • • • 

" I, Williame Muir of Rowaliane, knawbg 
thair is nothing mair certane nor death, &c. As 
for the thingis of this worlde, I nominat Wm. 
Muir, my sone and appeirand air, my onlie exe- 
cutour, &c. Item, I ordane the said Wm. Muir 
my servand, to be relcvit at the hands of Robert 
Dunlope of the haill lyme bodit this instant zeir, 
laid vpone the lands of Balgray; because the 
said Wm. is onlie condicioune maker for me, and 
the sidd lyme cum to my awin vse. And for 
samekle as be verteu of ane contract of mariag 
maid betuix me and Wm. Muir, my sone, Wm. 
Muir, my oy, on the ane part, and Johnne Dun- 
das of Newlistoune, Margaret Creichtoune, his 
spous, and Anna Dundas, thair dochter, on the 
other part, fibr manage than to be solemnized, 
and now perfytit, betuix the said Wm., my oy, 
and the said Anna Dundas, I, be verteu of the 
said contract, hes disponit to my said sone, and 
to the said Wm. Muir, my oy, certane my guids, 
&c.'' [Snbscr3rv]t at Rowaliane ihe thrid day of 
September 1616 zeirs.] 

Sir William married Jonet Maxwell, daughter 
of the l4drd of Newark, whose mother was a 
daughter of the Laird of Craigends, and had 
issue: — 

1. Sir William, who snoceeded. 

2. John, of BUcklaw, tlafai at a oombat at Bdth. Ha 
manled Helen Wallaoe, daughter of SiblUa Stewart^ 
her flither'8 name not mentioned. Contract dated 
Kilmarnock, Augnst 31, 1604. rrior to Dec. 6, USt, . 
thia lady again married William Wallaoe of Fmt- 
widohawB, which ao fiur ascertaina the time of Black* 
law*8 death ; for, at that date, she, with her hnahabd» 
ia a party In a contract of marriage betwixt EUeabetii 
Mure, evidently her daughter, 'and Edward Wallaoe 
of '* Sevealltoune.** Another daughter, Jean More, 
married George Campbell, then younger of Auchman- 
ooh : ** Contract of mariag betwlx Arthor Campbell 
of Auchmanocbt and George Campbell hie sonnet 
Wm. Wallace of Prestickshaws and Helene Wallace 
his spous takand burdine for Jeane Mure," ke. Dated 
at Kilmarnock, June 9, 1632. 

1. liady Langschaw. 

2. Lady Skeldone Campbell. 

XVI. Sir William Mure of Rowallan tras 
served heir of his father in the ^^ 5 mercatis ter- 
rarum de Grange,'' 10th March 1620. '' This 
Sir Williame was ane stronge man of bodie, and 
delyted much in hounting and halkiug. He died 
in the yeare of his age 6S, and of our Lord 
1639." He married, first, Elizabeth Montgo- 
merie, daughter of the Laird of Hessilheid, 
*^ whose mother was one of eleven daughters 

• •* Comine seed," aee page 18t. 



(all married to oonnderable peraones) to the 
Lord SempiU.'* She had issue: — 

1. Sir William, who nicceecled. 

S. Hr Hugh, preacher at Buntone in Norfolk in Eng- 
land. He entered a student in the Univenitx of G\|tf • 
gow in 1618. 

1. Marion, liady FinkUL 

Secondly, Jeane Porterfield, daughter of the 
Laird of Duchall, by whom he had — 

S. Alexander, of little Sessnoek. He died in the month 
of September 1686. 

She died in 1612. Her latter- will runs thus :— 
*^ The Testament, &c. of vmquhile Jeane Por- 
terfield, spous to Williame Mwire, zounger of 
Bowallane, the tyme of hir deceis, quha deceist 
in the moneth of Junii 1612 zeiris, fiaythfullie 
maid and gevin vp be the said Williame, in name 
and behalf of Allexr. Mwir, lawful! sone to the 
deid, executour dative, dewlie decemit to hir 
guids and geir," &o. The inyentory of her 
" guidis and geir'^ is curious, as illustrative of 
the household furnishings and personal attire be- 
longing to ladies of her rank in the seventeenth 
century: — 

" Inuentar. 
" Item, the said vmquhile Jeane and her said 
spous had, the tyme foirsaid, &c., viz. : In the 
first, twa silk gownes, ane thairof of plain silk, 
callit telar milium^ and the other figorit taifiatie, 
baith estimat to jo lb. Item, ane veluot cloik, 
furoit with plusche, and the four lapis lynit with 
satein, estimat to xxx lb. Item, ane veluot dow- 
blat, with ane skirt, estimat to xl lb. Item, ane 
auld dowblat and skirt, estimat to iiij lb. Item, 
ane cloik of burret, estimat to viii lb. Item, ane 
ryding doik of violat hewit claith, estimat to ten 
lb. Item, ane dowblat and ckirt of blak Spanes 
taiffiitie, all estimat to thrie lb. Item, ane auld 
broun freis skirt gowne, and twa auld gownes of 
sie bombame, all estimat to x lb. Item, twa 
Scottis scarlot wyliccoits, estimat to xiiii lb. 
Item, fyve quarters of taifiOitie, estimat to 

vt lb. Item, twa huids, with the trappis, estimat 
to viii lb. Item, twa auld taifiTaties, estimat to 
viii lb. Item, twa pair of auld playds, estimat to 
X lb. Item, ane ryding skirt dT violat hewit 
claith, estimat to thrie lb. Item, twa auld fur- 
neissit women saidills, baith estimat to x lb. 
Item, Q've ells of Scottis scarlot claith, estimat to 
X lb. Item, sax ells of mixit hewit claith, esti- 
mat to ix lb. Item, four ells and ane half of 
gray claith, estimat to iiij lb. Item, aucht ells 
of raw litting claith, estimat to iii lb. item, four