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NEW EDITION of this volume being required so 
soon after the earlier publications, appears to be 
some little evidence that the popularity of the 
Fox Terrier is not yet on the wane. 

This fresh issue is very considerably extended, and 
now contains 239 pages and fourteen portraits, against 
148 pages and eight portraits in the first edition. In 
addition to being brought quite up to date, the present 
volume includes amplified particulars as to rearing, feed- 
ing, and training terriers as companions and as house-dogs. 
Their ordinary ailments are likewise more fully dealt with, 
and besides, there is a variety of information likely to 
be useful to all who keep a little dog. 

The additional illustrations are portraits of the smooth- 
coated fox terriers Venio, Lyons Sting, D'Orsay, and Dame 
Fortune ; and of the wire-haired fox terriers Jack St. Leger 
and Charnwood Marion. 



February, 1895. 



VOLUME such as this purports to be, devoted 
to a variety of terrier, would twenty years ago 
have been considered altogether superfluous. 
Now, in 1889, so popular have dogs grown, and such 
attention is given them, that a book which in its entirety 
tells of the variety most popular of all the Fox Terrier, 
as he has been and as he is becomes, as it were, one of 
the necessities of the day. And so I was requested to do 
the best I could .in the matter. 

The result of my labours is given in the following pages, 
and if the reader fails to rind any novelty therein, he will, 
at any rate, have a resume of the history of the smooth- 
coated and wire-haired fox terriers, and some few trifling 
scraps of information that have not hitherto appeared in 

That this little dog does actually possess a status in 
society may be inferred from the fact that, in addition to a 
monthly journal (The Fox Terrier Chronicle] to look after 
its interests, there are a number of special clubs to do like- 
wise ; a parent club, with several minor institutions. 

The Fox Terrier is now best known as a dog for exhibi- 


tion purposes, and as a -companion. This notwithstanding, 
I have not altogether lost sight of the purpose for which 
he was originally given to the world ; and, believing in his 
courage, which I have often seen tested to the utmost 
by " flood and field," have endeavoured to maintain his 
character as a sporting dog. 

The illustrations, from drawings by my friend Arthur 
Wardle, are, I think, thoroughly successful the larger ones 
as portraits, the vignettes as ornamental and characteristic. 
With regard to the frontispiece, where those good ola 
terriers, Grove Nettle, Jock, and Tartar, are depicted, the 
portraits are taken, in so far as the bitch is concerned, from 
a painting by Turner, kindly lent for the purpose by the 
Rev. C. T. Fisher ; and with regard to the two dogs, from 
photographs issued at the time these celebrities were in the 
flesh and invincible on the show bench. Three thorough 
terriers in every respect, and if somewhat unlike in type, 
they combine all the essentials required to perpetuate and 
improve a variety. 

April, 1889. 


so early a demand has been made 
for the publication of a second edition, I have 
taken the opportunity thus afforded to con- 
siderably extend the work. The additions will, I believe, 
be found interesting to the admirer of the fox terrier, and 
I hope they may in the future prove of some little value 
to the historian of this favourite little dog. Two of the 
larger engravings, those of the smooth-coated Vesuvienne 
and of the wire-haired Carlisle Tyro, have been replaced 
by others of the same dogs. These are not only excel- 
lent as portraits of the terriers they represent, but are 
thoroughly typical of their varieties. The latter, I fancy, 
they will remain for years to come, changes in type and 
fashion notwithstanding. 

February, 1890. 



Preface v 


Introductory Old Writers on Terriers " The Fox 
Terrier," 1806 Value of Terriers a century ago 
Colour of Fox Terriers Their Varieties 
Modern Comparisons i 


Increasing Popularity Early Shows Old Jock, par- 
ticulars of his purchase Tartar, Old Trap, and 
Grove Nettle Notable Kennels Black and Tan 
Heads Growing disuse of the Fox Terrier with 
Hounds Exceptions 25 


More Notabilities Ear Dropping and other Mal- 
practices Forming a Kennel The Fox Terrier 
Club Some Modern Kennels The Best Terriers 
Measurements 53 


Six Good Dogs The Fox Terrier Club's Scale of 
Points A Prize Description General Ideas 
With Otter Hounds Mr. Vicary's Opinion 
Charley Littleworth on Terriers Working and 
Training Coursing Rabbits Comparisons by 

Mr. Doyle 107 




The Wire-haired Fox Terrier His Gameness York- 
shire and Devonshire Strains The Rev. John 
Russell's Terriers The Sealy Ham Terrier Mr. 
J. H. B. Cowley's Terriers Crosses The Best 
Dogs A Beverley Kennel 141 


General Treatment Registration Stud Books 
Forming a Kennel Breeding and Rearing 
Puppies Training as Companions and as House 
Dogs Children and Dogs Preparing for Show 
Simple Ailments Remedies Poisons Trim- 
ming General Remarks on Dog Shows 187 

The Fox Terrier Club Its Officers and Rules Other 

Clubs ... 213 

Index.. 221 




" WAIT UNTIL I'VE DONE." (Vignette) .. X 



"A RACE FOR LIFE." (Vignette) 52 





" ON THE BENCH." (Vignette) 106 

"WHAT COMES NEXT?" (Vignette) ... 140 




MARION ... ... 173 

"RATHER DOUBTFUL." (Vignette) 1 86 

"A GUARD AT EUSTON STATION." (Vignette) 212 

THE SLEEPY PUPPY. (Vignette) 219 

" A LONG, LEAN, EVENLY MARKED HEAD." (Vignette) 239 




|lTH the fashion changing in dogs pretty nearly 
as frequently as it does in dress, there is little 
wonder that the fox terrier of the present day 
has become a different animal in appearance from the one 
so regular an attendant with packs of hounds a century 
ago. Now, in nine cases out of ten, he is produced for his 
beauty alone, for his symmetry, for his graceful contour, 
for his endearing disposition. When our great-grand- 
fathers lived, and before they were born, the fox terrier, 
bred for use, was only considered an ornament when he 
went to ground well, was able to successfully battle with 
the fox or the badger, and kill single-handed the foulmart 
(or polecat) and other predaceous vermin. So the fox 
terrier must have a history ; possibly, if he did not contain 
at any rate some little portion of blue blood, an aristo- 
cratic lineage, one of his charms as a smart and lively 
companion might be missing. 


The EQX^ Terrier. 

When tKe Jle^rftGd'Dir^CaiuSj in: the year 1570, wrote 
what he knew about a terrier, the little quadruped had his 
home in the kennels of those days, sheds, in fact, where 
his bed was often filthy straw, and his food any scraps he 
might filch from the more important hounds. The latter 
were fairly well fed, especially when a cow sickened and 
died, or a horse in the locality of the kennels broke a leg, 
but the little terrier had, in nine cases out of ten, to look 
out for himself, and usually bore a bad reputation. He 
was said to bite and be cantankerous, predisposed to 
mange, and only a fit companion for the stable-boy or the 
feeder. That he was not exterminated by all the ill- 
treatment he had suffered for generations is surprising, 
and proof positive of his hardihood a survival of the 
fittest indeed. 

How the fox terrier was first produced we have nothing 
but mere supposition to determine, though, further on, an 
interesting little bit of canine history more than suggests that 
Dick Burton, once first whip to the Burton (Lincolnshire) 
hounds, first produced the modern type of fox terrier. That 
there have been varieties of terriers of one kind and another 
for many hundreds of years no one doubts. The Chinese 
have had terriers possibly longer than we in this country 
have possessed ours. The former had the credit of eating 
theirs ; our forefathers preferred using them for a different 
purpose. However, if the Chinese gentry did prefer dogs 
as food, the Tartars, their near neighbours, treated their 
terriers better; and, no doubt, amongst the five thousand 
"hounds," Marco Polo, writing in the thirteenth century, 
tells us the Grand Khan kept, there would be at least a 
few terriers, for this gigantic pack contained several 
varieties of the canine race. Even at that time many of 

Juliana Berners. 

the nobility in the East preferred to talk of their hounds 
rather than of politics, just as is the case at the 
present day with some of our country squires. Small 
dogs as pets and companions were known amongst the 
Egyptians. Empresses caressed and fondled them long 
before Great Britain had become a mighty power in the 
world. Civilisation could afford to keep such luxuries 
which semi-barbarity could not. As our civilisation 
increased, the huge, savage dogs which our conquerors 
imported to the Roman arena were allowed to languish, 
and the fierce mastiff gave place to the more .gentle 
hound, followed by the spaniel, and later by the pet dogs 
and little terriers. By selection the latter could easily 
be manufactured. At the present time, any person with 
the taste and inclination so to do, could produce a new 
variety of dog, say in ten years. No wonder, then, that at 
the present time so many breeds and varieties are dis- 
tributed throughout the universe. Possibly in England 
there are more than in any other country, not excepting 
even America, whose citizens have of late years emulated 
us by their admiration of these favoured little quadrupeds. 

That gallant lady, Dame Juliana Berners, with whose 
quaint and early treatise on angling most devotees of Izaak 
Walton are well acquainted, discoursed with equal ability 
upon hunting and cognate subjects. In that portion of the 
" Book of St. Albans " dealing with venerie, and which 
was published in 1486, some ten years or so before the 
angling addition, the terrier is only casually alluded to, for 
the reason, no doubt, that the wild boar and the stag were 
far ahead in the estimation of the hunter than the fox 
even the hare in those days receiving more attention as a 
quarry than reynard. One would very much like to have 

B 2 

The Fox Terrier. 

heard what the Abbess of Sopewell said of her terriers 
" teroures " they were called and how she worked them. 

Earlier, however, than the time of Dame Berners, an 
allusion to terriers is found in a fourteenth century manu- 
script, quoted by Strutt in his " Sports and Pastimes," and 
from which he reproduces an engraving. This is an illus- 
tration of three men, who, assisted by a dog and spades, 
are " unearthing a fox." The colour of the dog is not ascer- 
tainable, nor can I make sure that it has been underground, 
for the fox is only in part out of the hole, and the terrier 
(or whatever variety the dog may be) is springing on to 
his prey from a little rising ground immediately behind. 
Possibly a second terrier is out of sight in the earth. Two 
of the hunters are in the act of digging, whilst the third is 
vigorously blowing a horn. It may be interesting to state 
that in the original engraving this terrier possesses a long, 
narrow head, not unlike that of the greyhound in shape, his 
tail is long and uncut, he is smooth-coated and has erect 
ears. Elaine in his " Rural Sports" reproduces the 
picture, and, with a liberty that is quite inexcusable, 
converts the terrier into a wire-haired or long-coated one, 
white in colour and with a dark patch over one eye. He 
also attempts to make the original manuscript of greater 
antiquity than is actually the case by describing the picture 
as " Saxons bolting a fox." 

No doubt, at any rate so far as the British Isles are con- 
cerned, this record, which the learned Strutt has given us, 
is the oldest upon which any reliance can be placed. 
Some may say that the dog given is not a terrier, but 
I believe that the picture is intended to represent such a 
terrier as might be the common dog at that time. It is 
little bigger than the iox upon which it would like to seize, 

Dr. Cains. 

and the general surroundings of the quaint picture are 
altogether in favour of .my supposition. 

We must now, hunter-like, jump over all obstacles, and 
many years, until the time when Dr. Caius wrote, nearly 
a century later than Juliana Berners. He " a doctor of 
Phisicke in the Universitie of Cambridge " and a man 
" exceeding skilled and sagacious in the investigation of 
recondite matters/' wrote the first book on " Englishe 
Dogges " in Latin, and one Abraham Fleming made the 
translation, which he dedicated to the Dean of Ely. 
Rychard Johnes printed the same in 1576, and sold it 
i( over against St. Sepulchres Church without Newgate." 
In 1880 Mr. L. U. Gill, 170, Strand, London, reprinted the 
scarce volume in modern form, and such no doubt is the 
reason why " A Treatisse of Englishe Dogges " has so 
often been quoted. 

After informing us that all English dogs " be either of a 
gentle kind, serving the game, a homely kind, apt for 
sundry necessary uses, a currish kind, meet for many toys," 
Dr. Caius describes the varieties of hounds as known in 
his day, and then proceeds to tell us of the class with 
which we have at present to do. This is " of a dogge 
called terrar, in Latin Terrarius." Of him the old writer 
says, " Another sorte there is which hunteth the Fox and 
the Badger or Greye onely, whom we call Terrars, because 
they (after the manner and custome of ferrets in searching 
for Connyes) creep into the grounde, and by that meanes 
make afrayde, nyppe and bite the Foxe and the Badger 
in such sorte that eyther they teare them in pieces with 
theyr teeth, beyng in the bosome of the earth, or else 
hayle and pull them perforce out of theyr lurking angles, 
darke dongeons, and close caues ; or at the least through 

6 The Fox Terrier. 

cocened feare drive them out of theire hollow harbours, in 
so much that they are compelled to prepare speedie flyte, 
and, being desirous of the next (albeit not the safest) 
refuge, are otherwise taken and intrapped with snayres 
and nettes layde over holes to the same purpose. But 
these be the least in that kynde called Sagax." Here, 
though in quaint writing, is a description of the use a fox 
terrier ought to be put to at the present day, although 
setting nets before a fox earth would scarcely be called 
legitimate sport in the nineteenth century. Still, if a net 
is not used for foxes, its equivalent in a big sack is often 
enough, even now, found useful when the " badger or 
graye " be sought. 

What Gervase Markham wrote about terriers early in 
1600 is not of much account, for, however learned that 
great man might be, he was, after all, a mere bookmaker, 
as the numerous works he wrote plainly testify. Not 
satisfied with giving us elegant disquisitions on hunting, 
archery, and other sports, he wrote and filled volume after 
volume on military tactics, housewifery, heraldry, &c., and 
wound up by composing poems, and posing as a dramatist. 

Nicholas Cox's well-known volume, " The Gentleman's 
Recreation," published in 1667, provides less information 
about the terriers of that day than one would have ex- 
pected. He describes them as of two sorts one wdth legs 
more or less crooked, with short coats; the other, straighter 
on their legs, and with long jackets. Possibly the first- 
named were the ordinary turnspits, or, may be, some bold 
breeder of the Dandie Dinmont will lay claim to them as the 
original progenitors of that variety of vermin terrier. Any- 
how, whatever these crooked-legged dogs were, the long- 
coated ones "with shaggy hair," like water spaniels, were 

Blome's "Gentleman's Recreation." 7 

said to be the best workers, because they could both chase 
their game above ground and drive it from the earths, as 
occasion required. Useful dogs, no doubt, to possess, and 
it seems almost a pity we have not the variety with 
us now. Other authors have followed much in the same 
strain ; indeed, the general description of the terrier 
about this time appears to have been copied by one 
writer after another without acknowledgment, and without 
taking any trouble to ascertain the truth of the original 
statement. Master Cox, especially, seems to have been a 
great offender in this respect not only where he deals 
with dogs, but where he treats of the fishes likewise. 
Thus, whether it be worth while to allude to him and 
contemporary writers is quite a matter of opinion. Hugh 
Dalziel in his book, " British Dogs," says that Cox 
plagiarised his descriptions from early French writers, 
and if he did, and Mr. Dalziel gives reasonable proofs of 
the truth of his assertion, it is likely enough that some 
of the terriers described by Nicholas Cox were either a 
variety of dachshund or of basset hound, various strains of 
which, of almost all sizes, shapes, colours, and textures of 
coat, have for centuries been common enough on the 

The writer who suggested that terriers could be obtained 
by breeding between a " mongrel mastiff and a beagle " 
was Blome, who, following the example of Cox, some 
years after the latter's publication viz., in 1686 rendered 
himself famous by the appearance of his "The Gentleman's 
Recreation." Whether a man who would suggest the pro- 
duction of suitable terriers by such a cross as the above 
was the proper person to deal with sport and dogs from a 
practical point of view, is surely to be doubted. He bore 

8 The Fox Terrier. 

but a sorry character in his lifetime, for it was said he " was 
esteemed as a most impudent person ; ... he gets 
a livelihood by bold practices . . . originally a ruler 
of books and paper, who had since practiced for divers 
years progging tricks, in employing necessitous persons to 
write in several arts." Blome's description may, however, 
be interesting to the curious, so here it is. " The terrier is 
a very small dog, used for hunting the fox and the badger, 
his business being to go into the earths and bay them 
that is, to keep them in an angle (a fox's earth having 
divers) whilst they are dug out, for by their baying or 
barking is known whereabouts the fox is, that he may be 
the better dug out. And for this use the terrier is very 
serviceable, being of an admirable scent to find out. A 
couple of terriers are commonly used, in order that a fresh 
one may be put in to relieve that which first went under 
ground." There is nothing particularly wrong in the above, 
nor is there in the following extract from the same author : 
" Everybody that is a fox hunter is of opinion that he hath 
a good breed, and some will say that the terrier is a 
peculiar species of itself. I shall not say anything to the 
affirmative or negative of the point." Blome concludes 
by saying that the cross already mentioned " generally 
proves good ; the result thereof hath courage and a thick 
skin as participating of the cur, and is mouthed for the 

Whatever was the case during the seventeenth century, 
there is no doubt that now the "terrier is a peculiar species 
of itself" careful and judicious selection through a series 
of generations having made it as much so as any other dog 
we possess. A thick skin is quite as useful a commodity 
in the canine as it is in the human race, but the old writer 

The " Compleate Sportsman." 9 

is scarcely complimentary when he attributes that quality 
as a distinctive feature of the " cur." The latter must not 
be taken as the collie or sheep dog, by which name the 
latter is known at the present time in many parts of the 
country, but rather as a cross-bred, hardy animal, one not 
to be dismayed by hard bites or blows and the bitterness 
of the elements. Nor of necessity need such dogs be 
mongrels, the latter, no doubt, coming under the applica- 
tion of " dunghill dogs," as used by Dame Juliana Berners 
in her " Book of St. Albans." 

In the " Compleate Sportsman " (1718), Jacobs mentions 
two sorts of terriers, which he describes pretty much as 
Nicholas Cox had done before him, so a repetition thereof 
need not be made here ; and, although one modern writer 
believes that the fox terrier was manufactured within the 
present thirty years or so, no further proof need be 
given than has so far appeared in these pages, that such 
terriers have been common in England for, at any rate, 
ten times thirty years. In fact, with the country overrun 
as it was in those days, with four-footed vermin of all 
kinds, which destroyed the poultry and played sad havoc 
with the flocks, dogs of one sort or another to keep down 
the marauders were simply a necessity. And a terrier 
small enough to drag the fox from his earth, or kill him 
therein, was found the most useful for the purpose. So 
long as he could do this, appearance and colour were not 
taken into consideration to any great extent. 

About 1760, Daniel, in his " Field Sports," goes a little 
oyt of the beaten track in writing on the terriers of his 
day, and his description must be taken as correct, 
made from the animals themselves, of which it has been 
said that author kept a considerable number. " There 

10 The Fox Terrier. 

are two sorts of terriers," said he, " the one rough, short- 
legged, long-backed, very strong, and most commonly of a 
black or yellowish colour, mixed with white ; the other is 
smooth-haired and beautifully formed, having a shorter 
body and more sprightly appearance, is generally of a 
reddish-brown colour, or black with tanned legs. Both 
these sorts are the determined foe of all the vermin kind, 
and in their encounters with the badger very frequently 
meet with severe treatment, which they sustain with great 
courage, and a thoroughbred, well-trained terrier often 
proves more than a match for his opponent/' Here we 
have terriers written of as thoroughbred, so, although they 
are not particularly mentioned in connection with the fox, 
there is little doubt that they were oftener used in his earths 
than in the badger's den. 

Perhaps, as a matter of completeness, before dealing, as 
it were, collectively, with the authorities, and the various 
sporting publications which saw the light during the first 
fifteen years of the present century, attention may specially 
be given to the " Cynographia Britannica," written by 
Sydenham Edwards, and published in 1800. He describes 
our terriers more fully than previous w r riters, but much in 
the same strain. His note about the so-called " Tumbler" 
is specially interesting and valuable. 

Edwards writes, " That from the evidence of Ossian's 
poems, the terrier appears to have been an original native 
of this island. Linnaeus says it was introduced upon the 
continent so late as the reign of Frederick I. (this would 
be towards the end of the seventeenth century). It is 
doubtless the Vertagris or Tumbler of Raii and others. 
Raii says it used stratagem in taking its prey, some say 
tumbling and playing until it came near enough to seize." 

A Good Character. 11 

This supposititious quality, so natural to the cat race, when 
applied to the dog I consider a mere fable ; but it has led 
to a strange error later naturalists having, from Rail's 
description, concluded that a variety of the dog possessing 
most extraordinary properties had become extinct. 
Sydenham Edwards continues, ''the most distinct varieties 
are the crooked-legged and straight-legged ; their colours 
generally black, with tanned legs and muzzles, a spot of 
the same colour over each eye ; though they are sometimes 
reddish fallow or white and pied. The white kind have 
been in request of late years. The ears are short, some 
erect, others pendulous ; these and part of the tail are 
usually cut off ; some rough and some smooth-haired. 
Many sportsmen prefer the wire-haired, supposing them to 
be the harder biters, but this is not always the case. . . . 
The terrier is querulous, fretful, and irascible, high spirited 
and alert when brought into action ; if he has not unsubdued 
perseverance like the bull-dog, he has rapidity of attack, 
managed with art and sustained with spirit ; it is not what 
he will bear, but what he will inflict. His action protects 
himself, and his bite carries death to his opponents ; he 
dashes into the hole of the fox, drives him from his 
recesses, or tears him to pieces in his stronghold ; and he 
forces the reluctant, stubborn badger into light. As his 
courage is great, so is his genius extensive ; he will trace 
with the foxhounds, hunt with the beagle, find for the 
greyhound, or beat with the spaniel. Of wild cats, 
martens, polecats, weasels, and rats, he is the vigilant and 
determined enemy ; he drives the otter from the rocky 
clefts on the banks of the rivers, nor declines the combat 
in a new element." Here is an excellent character, and 
no wonder with such a one the fox terrier was, even in 

12 The Fox Terrier. 

1800, on the highway to the extraordinary popularity he 
enjoys at the present time. 

As the fox terrier was known then and a couple of 
centuries earlier, the reader must not expect to find a 
shapely, handsomely marked animal like the one of the 
present day. Possibly any little dog that " Caius, the 
profound clerk and ravenous devourer of learning," had 
running at his heels was black or brown coloured, long- 
bodied, on short legs, the latter perhaps more or less 
crooked ; and, if he were produced by a cross between "the 
mongrel mastiff and the beagle," his weight might be 
nearer 4olb. than I5lb., the latter no doubt the most 
useful size for underground purposes. But old pictures of 
terriers dating back 300 years illustrate mongrel-looking 
creatures, some of them bearing more or less the distinctive 
characteristic of the turnspit. Others show a considerable 
trace of hound blood, but not one, so far as the writer has 
come across, is hound marked, or bears any more white 
than is usually found on the chest or feet of any dog. 
Mr. J. A. Doyle, a well-known admirer of the fox terrier, 
and who contributed the article thereon to " The Book of 
the Dog," first published in 1881, says that when in Vienna 
he noticed a painting of fruit, flowers, &c., with a dog in 
the foreground, which, to all intents and purposes, was a 
specimen of the fox terrier of the present day, both in 
colour and general shape. The artist whose work the 
painting was, bears the somewhat English name of 
Hamilton, and flourished about a century and three- 
quarters ago. The dictionaries, however, say he was a 
Dutch painter. No earlier picture than this has been found 
containing anything approaching the white and hound 
marked fox terrier. 

Wardrobe " Accounts. 13 

The Earl of Monteith over 200 years ago had an excel- 
lent strain of terriers, good at vermin of all kinds, but 
especially useful as fox killers. It has been said that 
James I. possessed some of these little dogs. That this 
sometimes called " most unkingly of monarchs " kept 
hounds is a matter of history, but whether he worked the 
terriers to assist them we are not told. Long before 
James's time, dogs had been found useful in conjunction 
with nets for the purpose of catching foxes, also to kill 
them as vermin, and possibly terriers were first used as 
fox terriers under such circumstances. The wardrobe 
accounts of Edward I. show the following entries : " Anno 
1299 and 1300. Paid to William de Foxhunte the King's 
huntsman of foxes in divers forests and parks for his own 
wages, and the wages of his two boys to take care of the 
dogs, g 33." " Paid to the same for the keep of 12 dogs 
belonging to the King," &c. " Paid to the same for the 
expense of a horse to carry the nets." 

However, perhaps more to the purpose than this extract, 
is the copy of an old engraving which lies before me at the 
present time, entitled "James L, Hawking." A better title 
would perhaps have been " James L, a swell or masher of 
the period," for his royal highness is sadly overdressed. 
Fawning at the feet of the monarch are four dogs, evi- 
dently terriers, though some persons might consider them 
beagles. They are certainly terrier-shaped in heads and 
sterns, though the dog most distinctly shown is hound 
marked, and possesses larger ears than the others. One 
in the corner, evidently almost or quite white, possesses 
what at the present time would be called a " well-shaped, 
terrier-like head," and, although one ear is carried rather 
wide from the skull, the other drops nicely. From these 

14 The Fox Terrier. 

four dogs a clever man could even then have produced a 
fair specimen of the modern fox terrier. Although so 
drawn as above, James, no doubt, preferred hunting to 
hawking, and could not always have been the elaborately 
dressed creature as he appears in the engraving mentioned, 
for there is a story told that whilst with the hounds at Bury 
St. Edmunds, the Sovereign's attention was attracted by the 
gaudy apparel worn by one of the hunters. " Who is 
that?" said the king. "Sire/ 1 was the answer " that man 
is named Lamb." " Ahem," replied the royal joker, "his 
name maybe Lamb, and an appropriate one it be, for surely 
he has gotten a fleece upon his back." 

With the commencement of the present century and 
towards the close of the last one, more was written about 
terriers, and, as useful little dogs, they were gradually 
becoming appreciated. Beckford alludes to black or white 
terriers, and from these two varieties white ones with 
black marks could easily be produced. The same author 
mentions a strain of terriers so like a fox in colour that 
awkward people frequently mistake the one for the other, 
and proceeds to say that " If you prefer Terriers to run 
with the pack, large ones at times are extremely useful, but 
in an earth they do little good, as they cannot always get 
up to their fox." 

Between the years 1800 and 1805 an unusually large 
number of sporting books and works on hunting and dogs 
were published, all of which dealt more or less with terriers. 
"The Sporting Dictionary," 1803, says, "Terriers of even 
the best blood are now bred of all colours red, black with 
tan faces, flanks, feet, and legs ; brindled, sandy, some few 
brown pied, white pied, and pure white ; as well as one 
sort of each colour rough and wire-haired, the other soft 

Black and Tan Terriers. 15 

and smooth ; and, what is rather more extraordinary, the 
latter not much deficient in courage to the former, but the 
rough breed must be acknowledged the most severe and 
invincible biter of the two. Since foxhunting is so 
deservedly and universally popular in every country where 
it can be enjoyed, these faithful little animals have become 
so exceedingly fashionable that few stables of the inde- 
pendent are seen without them. Four and five guineas is 
no great price for a handsome, well-bred terrier." 

Here we have a description of the terrier very much as 
he still remains. There are the red or fawn ones which 
may be represented to-day by the Irish variety ; the black 
with tan faces, &c., by the so-called Welsh terrier ; and the 
white and white pied whose individuality may be found in 
the modern fox terrier. The latter, the handsomest, became 
the most popular, though there is little doubt that ninety 
years ago the fox terrier proper was a black and tan dog. 
S. Elmer draws us such a one in Daniel's " Rural Sports," 
where a good-looking dog in every way, is going to a fox 
whose head is just peeping out from an earth. And, as 
additional proof of what a fox terrier was in 1806, we 
reproduce here an engraving from a mezzotint of " The 
Fox Terrier," from an original picture by De Wilde, pub- 
lished August 4, 1806, by Laurie and Whittle, 53, Fleet- 
street, London. 

This is undoubtedly a black and tan dog, somewhat 
ragged in his coat, which, though inclined to be wavy, 
must in reality have been as free from actual roughness 
as many of the smooth-coated variety we see to-day. 
He has drop ears; after the orthodox fashion of the 
present time, a docked tail, " good straight fore legs, fair 
feet, and nice bone." A terrier, about i81b. in weight, 

16 The Fox Terrier. 

lacking character somewhat, but bearing, in all but colour, 
a resemblance to the present-time dog. In some of the 
Buffet strains we have repeatedly seen animals very much 
of the shape and style of this terrier, as De Wilde has 
drawn him. The engraving, a rare one, indeed the only 
copy I have seen or heard of is that in the writer's posses- 
sion, will no doubt do something to assist us in arriving 
at a satisfactory decision as to the original colour of the 
real fox terrier. 

In Bingley's " Memoirs of British Quadrupeds" (1809) 
two terriers are beautifully etched by Howitt. In a copy 
of this excellent work, now lying on my library table, the 
plates are coloured. One of the dogs, wire-haired, is a 
sort of dark blue and tan in hue, with semi-prick ears, and 
an uncut tail ; the other, with erect ears, is smooth coated 
and black and tan, both rich in colour, less than 2olb. in 
weight, and likely enough from their appearance to kill 
either fox, rat, or weasel. As a fact, the wire-haired 
terrier has just given the finishing shakes, which have 
extinguished the last sparks of life in a foulmart, whilst 
the smooth dog, more in the background, is evidently 
growling and snarling at his mate for having had the little 
bit of work all to himself. The admired author of the book 
says : 

" This dog has its name of terrier or terrarius from its 
usually subterraneous employment in forcing foxes and 
other beasts of prey out of their dens, and, in former 
times, driving rabbits from their burrows (sic). It is 
generally an attendant upon every pack of foxhounds, and 
is the determined enemy of all kinds of vermin such as 
weasels, foulmarts, rats, &c. The terrier is a fierce, keen, 
and hardy animal, and will encounter even the badger, 

The Rev. W. Daniel 17 

from which he sometimes meets with very severe treat- 
ment. A well-trained and veteran dog, however, frequently 
proves more than a match for that powerful animal. Some 
terriers are rough, and others smooth haired. They are 
generally reddish brown or black, of a long form, short 
legged, and strongly bristled about the muzzle/' 

For some unaccountable reason this letterpress descrip- 
tion does not tally with the illustration, and, although either 
of the couple of terriers might account for a fox, or even a 
badger, neither would be likely to drive a rabbit out of 
its burrow. Terriers to do the latter would be few and 
far between, for, given dogs even small enough to enter 
an ordinary rabbit hole, they would be so weak and puny 
that a strong buck rabbit might prove more than a match 
for them. 

The Rev. William Daniel tells us little about fox terriers, 
though he recommends that when young they should not 
be entered to the badger, " for," he says, " they do not 
understand shifting like old ones, and, if good for any- 
thing, would probably go boldly up to the badger and be 
terribly bitten ; for this reason, if possible, they should be 
entered to young foxes. . . . With respect to the 
digging of foxes which hounds run to ground, if the hole 
be straight and earth slight, follow it, and in following the 
hole, by keeping below its level, it cannot be lost ; but in a 
strong earth it is best to let the terrier fix the fox in an 
angle of it, and a pit be then sunk as near to him as 
can be. A terrier should always be kept at the fox, who 
otherwise may move, and in loose ground dig himself 
further in ; in digging keep plenty of room, and take care 
to throw the earth where it may not have to be moved 
again. Huntsmen, when near the fox, will sometimes put 


18 The Fox Terrier. 

a hound into the earth to draw him ; this answers no 
other purpose than to cause the dog a bad bite, which a 
few minutes' more labour would render unnecessary ; or, 
if the fox must be drawn by a hound, first introduce a 
whip, which the fox will seize, and the hound will then 
draw him out more readily." 

One would scarcely think such elaborate instructions were 
required to tell us how to make a fox bolt. A terrier for 
the purpose should, without any to-do, go right in to his 
game, and bark at it and worry until " red rover " finds 
his apartment underground too uncomfortable for occupa- 
tion. There is always considerable danger in digging 
a fox out when the terrier is with him, especially in large 
earths, for rocks may be displaced, roll upon and crush 
the dog, or the entrance may be blocked up by stones 
and fallen earth, to the suffocation of everything under- 

Although the terrier is a natural and inveterate enemy 
to the fox, there are times when the two will live together 
and feed from the same dish, and " Stonehenge " gives 
particulars of the two breeding together. As to how a 
terrier bitch suckled a vixen's cubs, Daniel gives a some- 
what pathetic incident. On the last day of the season 
that author's hounds, hunting near Sudbury, had an 
extraordinarily fast run of an hour, when the fox went to 
ground. The terriers, owing to the pace, were left far 
behind, and as the master wished to blood his hounds, a 
terrier bitch from the village was produced, and, with 
another dog, drove or killed the fox, which was thrown to 
the pack. Whilst the operation of breaking up was pro- 
gressing, one of the terriers slipped back into the earth, 
and in due course a bitch fox was dug out and two cubs 

The Sportsman's Cabinet. 19 

worried underground. The mother was allowed to escape, 
but her three other cubs were taken and put to the terrier 
which had killed the first brace. The bitch took kindly 
enough to the little things, and suckled and attended them 
equally as well as her own offspring, which had been born 
five weeks previously to the time she adopted her foster 

The " Sportsman's Cabinet," published in two volumes in 
1803-4, two years after the first volume of Daniel's " Rural 
Sports " appeared, contains an engraving by Scott from a 
spirited painting by Reinagle. Here we have three terriers, 
one of which is white, with marks on his head and a patch 
at the set on of stern. This is a wire-haired dog, with a 
docked tail and erect ears, showing traces of a bull-terrier 
cross from the shape of the skull and in his general 
character. Another, evidently a white dog, is disappearing 
from sight in an earth, whilst the third appears to be a 
dark coloured dog, with a broad white collar and white 
marks on his muzzle ; his ears are likewise erect. All will 
pass muster as fox terriers, and if a little wide in chest for 
modern fancy and prevailing fashion they are strong-jawed 
and appear eager for the fray. 

The writer in the " Sportsman's Cabinet" (two hand- 
some volumes, originally published at seven guineas), after 
alluding to the several strains of terriers, says : " The 
genuine and lesser breed of terrier is still preserved 
uncontaminate amongst the superior order of sportsmen, 
and constantly employed in a business in which his name, 
his size, his fortitude, persevering strength, and invincible 
ardour, all become so characteristically and truly sub- 
servient, that he may justly be said 'to labour cheerfully 
in his vocation ; ' this is in his emulous and exulting 

C 2 

20 The Fox Terrier. 

attendance upon the foxhounds, where, like the most 
dignified and exulting personage in a public procession, 
though last, he is not the least in consequence/' 

The same writer goes on to say that the white pied bitch 
(already described) is the dam of a wonderful progeny, 
most of which have been sold at high prices, " seven 
recently for one and twenty guineas, and these are as true 
a breed of the small sort as any in England/' 

A pleasing, if rather ponderous, eulogy on the fox 
terrier, and one which most members of the fox terrier 
clubs at the present day should fully appreciate, though 
they would scarcely consider their choicest puppies well 
sold at three guineas apiece. 

Still, in their lines, our terrier had admirers possibly as 
ardent ninety or a hundred years ago as is the case now. 
Then masters of foxhounds were extremely particular in 
their selection, requiring in their terriers at the same time 
strength, intelligence, and gameness. Another author 
about that period, tells us that the black, and black and 
tanned, or rough wire-haired pied are preferred, as those 
inclining to a reddish colour are sometimes in the clamour 
of the chase taken for the fox, and halloaed to as such. 

Although I have mentioned at length so many writers on 
terriers, allusion must again be made to Mr. Delabere 
Elaine, who, in 1840, published his " Encyclopaedia of Rural 
Sports," which no doubt gave Mr. J. H. Walsh his idea of 
his " Rural Sports," which followed some fifteen years 
later. Elaine provides much nice reading and useful infor- 
mation in his immense volume, and, amongst other illustra- 
tions, gives us a team of terriers attacking a badger. Some 
of these little dogs are white with markings, others being 
whole coloured, dark pepper and salts, or black and tans. 

Two Varieties. 21 

This writer, thus early, laments that "the occupation of 
the fox terrier is almost- gone, for the fox is less frequently 
dug out than formerly, and it was thus only that the terrier 
was of use, either to draw the fox or to inform the digger 
by his baying of his whereabouts. So, his occupation being 
gone, he is dispensed with by most masters of hounds of 
the new school." Elaine proceeds to say that there are 
two prominent varieties of the terrier, rough and smooth, 
the first named appear to have been more common in 
Scotland and the north, " the rigours of a more severe 
climate being favourable to a crisped and curled coat." 
One of Elaine's terriers is neither more nor less than a bull 
terrier, bearing the orthodox brindled or brown patch on 
one eye, and its ears are cut. 

Others, too, copied the statements made by Elaine, or at 
any rate made similar ones, just as Taplin, in his " Sporting 
Dictionary," and the author of the " Sportsman's Repo- 
sitory," had done those of writers who preceded them. 

The reasons hold good now that were so admirably set 
forth then, but even fewer terriers are used with packs of 
hounds than when Elaine wrote, and, unless under excep- 
tional circumstances, a master is contented to leave his fox 
which has contrived to get safely to ground, with his mask 
safe and his brush intact, if a little bedraggled. That, with 
an increasing love of hunting, so apparent during the past 
century, it is not surprising that the terrier came to have 
consideration with some men little inferior to that bestowed 
on the hound himself. Pretty nearly each hunting country 
held its own particular strain, and that these were for the 
most part dark in colour (usually black and tan), that 
which has been read in these introductory pages, I think, 
forms fair evidence. That three varieties were common, 

22 The Fox Terrier. 

large, medium, and small in size, too, is apparent, and that 
such were both smooth and rough or wire-haired ; but how 
they were originally produced there is no evidence to show. 

The early-time terriers were bred for work and not for 
ornament, and, unless they would go to ground after the 
manner of the ferret, their heads would, not be kept long 
out of the huge butt of water in the stableyard. Rats they 
had to kill, and, unfortunately, often enough cats too ; but 
fox terriers were less seldom used to work as spaniels or 
retrievers than is the case to-day. Our ancestors believed 
in each dog having its own vocation : the setter to set, the 
pointer to point, the spaniel to beat the coverts, and the 
terrier to make pilgrimages underground. Nor did they 
condescend to train the latter to run after rabbits, as in 
coursing matches ; and they took for the most part the 
bull terrier to bait the badger and perform in the rat pit. 

"A dash of bulldog blood " was always said to improve 
the pluck of a terrier (it certainly does not add to his 
elegance of form), and so no doubt came the brindle marks 
on some few of the modern fox terriers. Careful crossing 
has almost effaced the first-named, now considered a 
blemish, and in its place the rich tan and black, or hound 
markings, have been introduced. Originally these gaudy 
colours were produced by some beagle blood, which, I 
fancy, came to be infused between thirty and forty years 
ago. The large, flapping, almost hound-like, ears which still 
occasionally crop up, and were excessively common twenty 
years back, likewise suggest this beagle cross, and I have 
no doubt, from a modern black and tan terrier and a 
hound-marked, pure beagle, careful selection would in very 
few generations produce a fox terrier with a black and tan 
head and a patch at the root of the stern. Of a whilom 

Large Ears. 23 

champion a well-known admirer of the variety was wont 
to declare, " she had ears like a blacksmith's apron." 

An excessive size of the aural appendages is not an 
attribute of the terrier proper, any more than are the 
hound markings. I am inclined to believe that if ever 
there was an original terrier he had semi-prick ears, which, 
standing quite erect at times, were, when their owner 
came to be at work, thrown back into the hair of the 
neck, which for purposes of protection Nature provided 
stronger and more profuse there than on any other part 
of the body. To a great extent fancy has outdone nature 
in this respect, and few of the terriers seen winning on 
the benches now have that strong, muscular, hair-protected 
neck required by thorough workers. Smartness and quality 
are sought. In nine cases out of ten when a dog-show 
man possesses a fox terrier with a greater profusion of 
hair on the neck than elsewhere on the body, it will be 
taken off in order that a neatness and cleanness there 
would better attract the admiration of the judge. 

Still there are some modern strains of the fox terrier 
which are not anything like so smooth in their jackets as 
they might be ; longish and open in coat, and with sterns 
which would not make bad illustrations as bottle brushes. 
These longish coats were mostly introduced immediately 
following a period when such were wrong in an opposite 
direction, being almost glossy and anything but weather- 
resisting. It was ever thus, and will, I suppose, always 
be the custom to run to extremes, especially so far as the 
general public are concerned. Thus a reason became 
apparent for the variety in type seen now as compared 
with that which was the case in our terriers forty or fifty 
years ago. 

24 The Fox Terrier. 

Our old terriers, before the era of dog shows, were 
strong and healthy, perhaps even more so than they are 
nowj at any rate they were not pampered pets, as many 
are to-day; and they were only kept because they were 
muscular, hardy, and game. The delicate and puny 
were consigned to the water barrel, the canal, or to 
the tan pit ; there was no demand for them because of 
their long pedigree and aristocratic connections, for they 
had neither. Nowadays, so long as a terrier is elegant 
in form, pleasant in face, and well-bred, he is worth 
keeping; and, however delicate his constitution may be, 
should he prove good enough to win prizes, he is used 
at the stud, and so transmits his "blue blood'' and 
delicacy to further generations. The former is well 
enough, the latter bad enough, and it is because of this 
carelessness in mating that so few modern terriers are 
as hardy in appearance as the two ferocious-looking 
mongrels in the " tail-piece " below. 



HE present popularity of the Fox Terrier com- 
menced some thirty years or so ago', and during 
the decade which immediately followed that period 
the progress it made in the estimation of the people was 
phenomenal. Nothing of the kind had previously occurred 
in relation to any quadruped whatever, and if fortunes 
were not actually made by trading with and dealing in fox 
terriers, fair incomes were provided, and there became a 
demand for " keepers " who understood the breed, or, at 
any rate, said they did so, and knew how to look after the 
inmates of the kennel. Those days are still spoken of as 
the " good old times," when really tip-top terriers were in 
few hands, and in those of men who knew their value and 
were able to obtain it. So long as a dog was white, with 
a patch of black, or brown, or tan on him even brindled 

26 The Fox Terrier. 

was considered not amiss and weighed anything between 
i2\b. and 3olb., he was called a fox terrier and sold as 
such. He had a pedigree, made for the occasion perhaps. 
And why ! if his ears were too big, they could be sliced 
down, as they sometimes were, and if they stood up erect 
instead of dropping, they could be cut underneath, and 
often were, and made to hang in the orthodox fashion. 

The British public had not then learned to distinguish 
between one dog and another, long heads, straight legs, 
round feet, and other important essentials were considered 
secondary considerations when placed against an evenly- 
marked " black and tan " head " tortoiseshell headed " a 
clerical friend called my little terrier, and he thought he 
had made a good joke, too. With the multitude came, for 
once at least, wisdom, and when Tom, Bill, and Harry 
kept fox terriers, those who had possessed them before 
required a better article. The youngsters studied from 
their elders, hob-nobbed with fanciers, and so by degrees 
obtained an inkling as to the requirement and appearance 
of a perfect terrier, or one as nearly perfect as possible. Any 
kind of rubbish almost could have been palmed off as the 
genuine article a quarter of a century ago ; but a difference 
prevails now. Go to a dog show to-morrow, and eighteen 
out of every twenty persons you meet not excepting the 
" new woman," who is making herself as great a power at 
the dog show as she has done in the County Council will 
argue with you as to the relative merits of this dog and 
about the defects of that one. They wonder at your 
presumption, perhaps, as you give your opinion against 
theirs. They will even talk to the judge himself, and 
tell him where he has done wrong, and how that terrier 
ought to have won and the actual winner only been placed 

A Judge! 27 

third. Further inquiry might elicit the fact that the person 
so laying down the law. was an interested party, and had 
shown a dog (in the same class as that in which he was 
criticising the awards) as long on the legs and as defective 
in ribs and loins as a whippet, and was highly indignant 
that it had not won the cup. Some modern dog show r ers 
are too clever by half, they have kept terriers a few 
months, won a prize or two with such as they have 
purchased, and the next stage sees them figuring in the 
judging ring. 

Once upon a time a dog judge was believed to be a man 
of lengthened experience one who had bred, worked, and 
shown such varieties as were his particular fancy. I have 
known a man pose as a judge of fox terriers who had 
never bred one in his life, had never seen a fox in front of 
hounds, had never seen a terrier go to ground, had never 
seen either otter, weazel, or foulmart outside the glass case 
in which they rested on the wall in a bar parlour, and had 
not even seen a terrier chase a rabbit. His slight experi- 
ence of working a terrier had been had at a surreptitious 
badger bait in the stable of a common beerhouse, and a 
violent attack on a dozen mangy rats by a mongrel terrier 
in an improvised pit in the bed-room of the landlord of the 
same hostel. However, matters may be better managed 
now in this respect, for in nine cases out of ten a man 
must be a member of a fox terrier club before he is asked 
to " judge," though the qualification consists only in 
punctual payment of his entrance fee and annual subscrip- 
tion. Still, the popularity of the fox terrier has not yet 
begun to wane, though less respect for pretty colour is 
apparent, and the fashion as to his shape and a general 
appearance has changed somewhat. 

28 The Fox Terrier. 

As I have said, a commencement of the extraordinarily 
popular career of the modern fox terrier was made about 
thirty years since. At that time few dog shows had been 
held, the first one of all in 1859 at Newcastle-on-Tyne, 
when Mr. J. H. Walsh (" Stonehenge"), whose works on 
dogs generally will be alluded to further on, was one of the 
judges. Needless is it to say that there was no class for 
fox terriers, then, nor was there at Birmingham, Leeds, and 
Manchester, following in successive years. Of course, in 
the variety class for terriers, a few that had run with 
hounds were entered, but the first class ever arranged in 
which they were to compete only with their own variety, 
was instituted at the North of England second exhibition 
of sporting and other dogs, held in Islington Agricultural 
Hall, June, 1862. Here a division for fox terriers headed 
the catalogue ; there were twenty entries, and the winner 
of the first prize was Trimmer, a dog without pedigree, and 
shown by the late Mr. Harvey Bayly, then of Ickwell 
House, Biggleswade, later master of the Rufford. If we 
mistake not, this was a coarsish-looking, workmanlike dog, 
hound tan and black marked, whose strain was that of the 
Oakley terriers, the kennels of which were not far away 
from Mr. Bayly's residence. 

Not, however, through a London show came the public 
attention to the fox terrier; Birmingham must have the 
credit thereof. In 1862, when what is now the National 
Exhibition was held at the Old Wharf in Broad Street, 
there was a class for " White and Other Smooth-haired 
English Terriers, except Black and Tan." Here several 
fox terriers were exhibited, and out of a class of dogs con- 
taining twenty-four entries, all the prizes went to the then 
so-called new variety ; the leading honour being taken by 

Increasing Popularity. 29 

Jock, exhibited by Mr. Thomas Wootton, of Nottingham, 
Mr. Bayly being second with Trap, whilst Mr. Stevenson 
(Chester) was third with Jack. In bitches, Mr. Wootton 
was second with Venom, and a Mrs. Mawes first, with a 
white bitch called Pepper, that afterwards went to Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Clowes, of Worcester. 

Thus did the fox terriers first attract public attention, 
and so much was this the case that the following year, viz., 
1863, the Birmingham Committee provided two classes for 
them, though a similar thing had been done at a couple of 
London shows held in March and May, also in 1863. 

At that time there was an opening for a popular dog, 
the swell of the period was becoming a little less effeminate 
than he had been, and was tired of lolloping my lady's toy 
spaniel on his knees. He had tasted and enjoyed the Tom 
and Jerry days in the rat pit, at the public-house dog show, 
and in the occasional baiting of a semi-domesticated badger. 
Many of the ladies themselves had grown discontented 
with the continued snortings of their over-fed pets, and the 
unodoriferous smells which sprung from obese King Charles 
and Blenheim spaniels. The Yorkshire terrier was fairly 
well known in parts of the North of England and elsewhere, 
but his coat was troublesome, and the graceful Italian grey- 
hound was far too delicate and fragile a creature for ordinary 
" comforting" purposes. The lovely Maltese, with his coat 
in texture and appearance like spun glass, was scarce, and 
an uncertain mother with her puppies, whilst the appear- 
ance of the often goggle-eyed, " apple-headed," black and 
tan toy terrier was not sufficiently aristocratic to tempt the 
connoisseur in such live stock. Besides, these black and 
tans were bred and reared in the East End of London, the 
back streets of Birmingham and of other large towns so- 

30 The Fox Terrier. 

they were too plebeian by half. Then the Dandie Dinmont 
and hard-haired Scotch terriers were scarcely known out of 
the land on the other side of the border, and the Skye 
terrier with his long jacket carried too much dirt into the 
house. The white English terrier might have become 
popular had he not been so subject to chronic deafness, and 
no doubt the bull terrier and the black and tan terrier lost 
their chance of becoming public idols by reason that a 
barbarous custom had decided that their ears were to be in 
part amputated. The latter could only be done at con- 
siderable trouble and expense, and with inordinate suffering 
to the poor creatures themselves. 

So here was the chance for the fox terrier ; he availed 
himself of the opportunity, and the public gladly accepted 
his enterprise. The visitors to the dog shows in 1862-3 
noticed and made much of him. Mr. Wootton loved his 
handsome and sprightly dogs, knew how to advertise and 
so make the most of them, and he kept them clean and glossy 
in their coats ; whilst Jock and others had that merry twinkle 
in their dark brown eyes indicative of intelligence and 
gameness. Moreover, there was no superfluous jacket and 
hair hanging about their legs to carry dirt into the parlour 
and drawing-room, and when Lady So-and-So wished for 
a nice dog to take out for a walk in the country or a 
drive in the park, Lord So-and-So purchased a fox terrier 
puppy for her ladyship. The fox terrier has never socially 
looked behind him since. His position in society was 
attained as quickly, and perhaps with less difficulty, than is 
that of the millionaire railway king or successful speculator. 
The quadruped had but looks and manners to recommend 
him; possibly the biped had neither, and was entirely 
dependent for his entree to his sovereigns and bank notes. 

Old Jock. 31 

I often imagine there must have been something peculiarly 
attractive about these early-time fox terriers. They were 
certainly handsome and smart, but neither Old Jock nor 
Tartar, the two acknowledged progenitors of the present 
stock, had a black and tan marked head to recommend 
him. Moreover, their parents had the credit of being 
somewhat common in their origin, and generally had been 
looked after by the stable boy or by the second or third 
whip. The huntsman himself was, as a rule, far too great 
a swell to leave a hound for a dog, though perhaps the 
master's little son when home from Eton or Harrow for 
the mid-summer holidays might beg a terrier puppy, and by 
bribes and coaxings obtain for it a corner in the scullery or 
in an empty stall in the stable. As I have said, the progress 
from the servant's hall to the drawing-room was rapid, and 
has evidently proved extremely satisfactory to all concerned. 

At the Birmingham show already mentioned, Old Jock, 
Old Trap, and at the following one Old Tartar, then entered 
by Mr. H. J. Davenport (Warwickshire), formed a suitable 
trio from which to found a nucleus to take the world by 
storm, and the blood of one or other of them is to be found 
in all the best strains of the present day, though the three 
dogs themselves were so much different in appearance. 
Shall I describe them here ? 

Jock was said to be bred by Jack Morgan, who, when the 
dog was pupped sometime during 1859, was huntsman with 
the Grove. I have also heard it stated that Jock was born 
at the Quorn kennels. The Kennel Club Stud Book gives 
the breeder as either Captain Percy Williams, who was then 
master of the Rufford, or Jack Morgan ; but the uncertainty 
of the month in which the terrier was born, and the little 
thought given to terrier pedigrees at that time, make me 

32 The Fox Terrier. 

extremely sceptical as to Jock's breeding, as I am of most 
of the early stock terriers. Anyhow, Jock has left his mark 
behind him, and he has also been the means of handing 
down to posterity the names of his sire and dam, the former 
being another Jock (also Captain Williams'), and the latter, 
Grove Pepper, huntsman's terriers both of them, we may be 
sure. In show form Old Jock was just about i81b. weight 
(Mr. Wootton when he advertised him at stud at the 
moderate fee of one guinea, afterwards raised to two 
guineas, called him i61b. weight), standing a little high on 
his legs, which gave him an appearance of freedom in 
galloping. His colour w T as white, with a dun or mixed tan 
mark on one ear, and a black patch on the stern and at its 
root. He was not what one would at the present time call 
a " varmint-looking" dog, i.e., one with an unusual appear- 
ance of go and fire and gameness in him he was a little 
deficient in terrier character. His ribs were well sprung, 
and his shoulders and neck nicely placed. When in thin 
condition he had the appearance of being a rib short ; but 
his hind quarters and loins were strong and in unison with 
the other parts of his formation. To some modern tastes 
he would appear a little loaded at the shoulders ; his fore 
legs, feet, and strength of bone were good, and his stifles 
strong and well turned. His ears, well placed, were neither 
too large nor too small, and he had good strong jaws. 
With increasing years he grew a little full in the cheeks. 
Yet he wore well and in 1870 was placed second to Trimmer 
at one of the London shows amongst a greater lot of cracks 
than have ever been brought together since, unless their 
equal was to be found at the Fox Terrier Club's show at 
Derby in November, 1894. All round Jock was a sym- 
metrical terrier, and no specimen of late years has 

A Class of Champions. 33 

reminded me so much of him as the dog Rattler, who 
did so much winning. Jock, who is said to have run 
two seasons with the Grove Hounds, had his tail cut, but 
the portion left on was longer than is usually seen at the 
present day, and I fancy Jock, docked as short as Mr. Luke 
Turner's Spice, would have presented but a sorry spectacle. 

Allusion has been made to the extraordinary class of dogs 
which appeared at the Crystal Palace show in 1870, where 
Old Jock, then eleven years old, came second to the black 
and tan headed Trimmer. This was the dog " champion " 
class of those days, the qualification being the win of a 
first prize. The competitors were Old Jock, Old Trap, 
Trimmer, and Rival, all shown by Mr. Murchison ; Mr. 
W. J. Harrison's Jocko; Mr. F. Sale's Tyrant, Hornet, 
and Tartar ; the Marquis of Huntley's Bounce, Messrs. 
Bewley and Carson's Quiz, and Mr. W. Gamon's Chance. 
Nor was the corresponding class of bitches much inferior, 
for it included the Durham bitch, Mr. Sarsfield's Fussy, 
who won ; Grove Nettle, Bellona, and Themis, Mr. 
Murchison's; Mr. Pilgrim's Gem, the Marquis of Huntley's 
Mischief, Mr. J. Statter's Kate, Mr. F. Sale's Nectar, 
Mr. Gamon's Lively, and Mr. J. B. Nichols' Frisk. Grove 
Nettle was given reserve here, second honours falling to 
Themis, a comparatively poor specimen as compared w T ith 
others in the group. 

Poor old Jock! he died full of honours in 1871 whilst in 
the possession of Mr. J. H. Murchison, who had bought 
him from Mr. W. Cropper. S. W. Smith was at the time 
of the purchase in charge of Mr. Murchison's kennels, in 
Northamptonshire, and I will let him tell in his own words 
how he brought Jock to his new home. " Old Jock, like 
the others that had come from Mr. Cropper's, was not to be 


The Fox Terrier. 

sent I was to go and fetch him from Minting House, the 
residence of Mr. Cropper, near Horncastle, Lincolnshire, a 
long way from the kennels at Titchmarsh. The instructions 
I received respecting the old dog could not have been more 
explicit, had I been going to escort a Prince of the Royal 
Blood. I was to take train to Horncastle, and then hire on 
to Minting, as there were no trains there. I was to lock 
the old dog up in a good box, and keep the key after I had 
got possession of the dog, and let no one have it. I was 
then to hire and come on by relays of horses and traps all 
the way from Minting to Titchmarsh. This I did, and 
arrived at the Great Northern Hotel, Peterborough, about 
one o'clock on the night of the first day. After refreshing 
the inner man and getting another horse and trap, off we 
started again, arriving at the kennels about six a.m., having 
had about enough. I had no sooner had a wash and 
breakfast than a stranger came riding up on his bicycle 
the telegraph boy, with a message from Mr. Murchison, 
asking if I had arrived safely, &c. I drove to Thrapston 
and wired back, and there I was kept nearly the whole of 
the day sending and receiving messages to and from 
Mr. Murchison. Next day Mr. Murchison came down, 
bringing some gentlemen friends with him to see the old 
dog and other members of the kennels, and witness a bit 
of fun with some of the younger members and the ' old 
grey gentleman.' " 

Tartar, a dog of quite a different stamp, was full of go- 
and fire, a hardy-looking, strongly built terrier, and on the 
two occasions when he did beat his great rival the result 
was due to the better form in which he stood, and the 
determination he showed, as though perfectly willing, nay 
anxious, either to do or die, as he stood alongside his 

Old Tartar. 35 

antagonist in the ring. Tartar, iylb. in weight, was a 
pure white dog, excepting for a light patch of pale tan over 
one eye, unusually compact in build a pocket Hercules in 
fact, with a back as muscular and strong as is the neck of 
a mighty Cumberland and Westmoreland wrestler. A little 
wide in front was the old dog, but straighter perhaps on 
the fore legs than Jock, and with better feet. The latter, 
far the longer and more terrier-like in head, was beaten in 
size of ears, their mode of carriage, and in neatness of hind- 
quarters. Tartar was a peculiarly elegantly moulded dog 
behind, notwithstanding the amount of muscle he showed, 
and he stood neither too high on his legs nor the contrary. 
I cannot just now call to mind any terrier of the present 
generation like him in any respect. Possibly Richmond 
Jack resembled him somewhat ; at any rate in shape of 
body and sprightliness. Both Tartar and Jock had fair 
coats, that of the former, the harder and smoother, and no 
doubt he was much the gamer of the two. It is always the 
fate of success to make enemies, and at the time Jock was 
being shown so successfully, and later, I was repeatedly 
told that he would not kill a rat, and that his going to 
ground or doing the work of a fox terrier was altogether a 
myth. Of this I cannot write from personal knowledge, but 
tell the tale as it was told to me. Tartar's indomitable 
gameness has never been gainsaid, and he was always fond 
enough of a fight in the ring ; though I have seen terriers 
furious in trying to get at an opponent when on the chain, 
that would have been as eager to go the other way had the 
collar been undone. Tartar's pedigree, as given in the first 
volume of the Stud Book is open to great doubt, though it 
is said he was bred by Mr. Stevenson, of Chester, about 
1862 from Weaver's Viper out of Donville Poole's Touch. 

D 2 

36 The Fox Terrier. 

I think there is little doubt that he was a cross-bred dog, 
for, he was shown at Birmingham in 1863 pedigreeless, and 
had those who looked after him cared to determine his 
parentage (or if they possessed it to publish it), they could 
easily have done so at that time and not waited until the 
dog had gained a reputation. 

Alas! for blue-blood and terriers ; our remaining support 
of the past generation likewise possesses but a doubtful 
parentage. There has always been a hesitancy about this, 
and so Old Trap's pedigree has been the source of per- 
petual correspondence, poor old dog! Here is what the 
Kennel Club's not always correct volume says of him. 
" Mr. J. H. D. Bayly, already mentioned, purchased him of 
Mr. Cockayne, then kennel man to the Oakley Hounds, 
and later at the Tickham kennels. Mr. Cockayne bought 
him from a groom of Mr. Isted's, well known in the 
Pytchley Hunt." Mr. Luke Turner, one of our very oldest 
admirers of the fox terrier, believes Trap's sire was a dog 
called Tip, owned by Mr. Hitchcock, a miller in Leicester. 
This dog bore a reputation for extraordinary gameness, 
and was the favourite sire used by all the sporting 
characters in the district. The coachman of Col. Ark- 
wright, then Master of the Oakley, put a bitch to this 
dog Tip, and the result of the alliance was Trap. 

I have already proved, I think satisfactorily, that the 
original fox terrier was black and tan, with possibly a little 
white on his chest and feet; but, so far as Trap was 
concerned, there has always been a belief that either his 
sire or dam was a black and tan terrier pure and simple. 
Mr. J. A. Doyle states that Mr. Bayly himself told him such 
was the case. On the contrary, the late Rev. T. O'Grady 
informed the writer that Trap's dam was a heavily marked 

Old Trap. 37 

fox terrier i.e., one with an unusual amount of black and 
tan colour on her body and head. All who have bred fox 
terriers know that in most strains these heavily marked 
puppies keep appearing, and Mr. F. Burbidge showed one 
in 1889, named Hunton Baron, which a few generations 
ago would have been called a black and tan terrier, and it 
was as well bred and good looking a dog as any man need 
desire to possess ; and there have been many others simi- 
larly marked Mr. Procter's Patch and Mr. A. Hargreaves' 
Dane Gallantry, to wit. The above statement by Mr. 
O'Grady is corroborated by Mr. S. W. Smith, who says that 
Col. Arkwright, master of the Oakley, told him that Trap 
was by a kennel terrier of his out of a black and tan bitch 
in the village. Trap had a pale or mealy black and tan- 
coloured head, and a black mark on one side down the saddle, 
the latter giving rise to the expression "a Trap marked " 
dog or bitch, as the case might be. His head was terrier- 
like, and of unusual length from the eyes to the nose, whilst 
his upper jaw was peculiarly powerful. His expression and 
brightness were much improved by his beautifully placed 
and perfectly coloured eyes. The ears, small in size, were 
nicely shaped, and sometimes, not always, well carried, for 
he had a habit of throwing them backwards, a peculiarity 
inherited by some of his descendants even as far as the 
third and fourth generations. He was a little too long in 
the body, and not nearly so elegantly formed in ribs, neck, 
hindquarters, shoulders, and elsewhere as either of the 
terriers previously mentioned. His fore legs and feet were 
fairly good, he had more than an inclination to be cow- 
hocked, and his coat was a trifle long and at times rather 
too open, though generally of good texture. Trap was not 
shown more than half-a-dozen times, his best performance 

38 The Fox Terrier. 

being at Birmingham in 1862, when he was second to Jock 
as alluded to earlier on. Old Trap, who died whilst in the 
possession of Mr. Murchison in April, 1872, was about 
lylb. in weight, and what remains of the old dog his 
stuffed head is now in the possession of Mr. Francis 
Redmond, of St. John's Wood, but it bears no resemblance 
whatever to Trap's head when in the flesh. 

Such are descriptions of these three notable terriers from 
personal recollection, and the very first of their kind to 
command a fancy price on account of their appearance 
alone. Old Jock was sold for more than his weight in 
silver, which might be about 8o/. or a trifle over, and Mr. 
Wootton himself paid 35/. for Tartar, "because," as his 
purchaser said, " he nicks well with light, leggy, delicate 
bitches, and puts steam into the young ones ; and another 
thing," Mr. Wootton goes on to say, " he was always 
second to Old Jock except when he twice beat him. Cer- 
tain judges gave their awards in this way, so contrary to 
reason and common sense ; for if Jock was right Tartar 
must be wrong, for the two dogs differ so much in appear- 
ance." Old Trap did not command so much money, about 
25/. being the highest figure he reached, and this was when 
he had fallen into the sere and yellow, just before coming 
into the possession of Mr. J. H. Murchison, by whom the 
old dog was highly esteemed. Their stud fees varied from 
i/. to 2/. apiece a miserable sum compared with the 5/. 
and io/. obtained for the use of the notable fox terriers in 
this year of grace 1895. 

I think, with the mystery which surrounds the birth and 
pedigree of these three late lamented and excellent terriers, 
any attempt of mine to solve the difficulty would be useless. 
There is nothing but hearsay, he said and she said, upon 

Grove Nettle. 39 

which to dilate ; they performed their duty well in that 
particular sphere in which they were called to work, and 
so I say let them rest in peace. Both Tartar and Old 
Jock, well nigh invincible on the show bench, had little 
check in their careers, which extended in the case of the 
former over eight years, and in that of the latter through 
four years only, whilst I believe Trap was not shown more 
than half a dozen times, his best performance being when 
he came second to Jock at Birmingham in 1862. 

That extraordinary bitch Grove Nettle should be men- 
tioned here, for to her, quite as much as to any one of the 
couple and a half of terriers already named, is due a share 
in the present production. Bred in 1862 by W. Merry, 
huntsman to the Grove Hounds, there does not appear to 
be any mystery as to her pedigree, she being by the Grove 
Tartar from the Rev. W. Handley's Sting. Nettle was a 
prettily shaped, tan-headed bitch, with a black mark on her 
side, a rather long, wavy coat, almost inclined to be broken 
haired. The Hon. T. W. Fitzwilliam, her owner, said "the 
difficulty was to keep her above ground. " Another good 
judge said " there was not a more useful animal in the 
show when she was exhibited in the champion class at 
Birmingham in 1868," and he further described her as 
rather long in the body, and, although possessing immense 
bone, not losing one iota in quality. At the Kennel Club, 
Cleveland Row, may be seen all that remains of this grand 
bitch, for she is there set up in a case, looking as hideous 
and unlike that which she was in nature as " stuffed " dogs 
do nine times out of ten. 

In recalling these earlier recollections, there is no terrier 
of a past generation that appeals to me with greater power 
than Tyrant, also known as Old Tyrant and White Tyrant. 

40 The Fox Terrier. 

Mr. Harry Adams (Beverley) had, in 1865, the honour of 
breeding him, though the Kennel Club Stud Book throws 
a doubt on the matter by mixing the name of a Mr. 
Leighton therewith ; whilst Mr. G. Booth, Mr. T. Lloyd- 
Edwards (near Lampeter), and Mr. T. Wootton had the 
pleasure of his ownership and exhibition at various times. 
Old Trap was his sire, as he was said to be of almost 
every good terrier of that day, and Violet, by Old Jock 
White Violet, his dam. Tyrant was a dog somewhat after 
the style of the expatriated and sadly named Lucifer As in 
Praesenti, but better in jacket and placement of shoulders, 
though possibly Lucifer was the narrower in chest of the 
two. Perhaps more flattering it would be to com- 
pare this grand old ancestor with Mr. C. R. H. Leach's 
white dog Cleek, who during 1894 deservedly did a con- 
siderable share of winning throughout the country, being 
seen to special advantage at the Club's show at Derby 
that year. Many of the " head men " of the " fancy " 
in Tyrant's time did not think very much of him, but 
in reality he deserved all the praise they or anyone 
else could bestow. No man ever owned a better dog 
as a terrier. In weight about i81b., in form symmetrical, 
his strength of bone, legs and feet were of the best. 
No purely white fox terrier I ever saw was less of 
the bull terrier in appearance than he, and, carrying his 
eight years well, he proved good enough to win the 
champion prize at Nottingham in 1873, beating Tyke, 
Trimmer, Trumps, Jock II., and six other less notable 
opponents. Moreover, Tyrant was sire of many leading 
terriers which in their turn have added to the excellences 
of those in the present generation. Venture was a son of 
his, so were Mr. Whitton's Badger (a rare old sort) and 

Good Kennels. 41 

Mr. Sydenham Dixon's Sam, almost as perfect as his sire 
in appearance, but a broken leg badly set kept him from 
the show bench. Mr. Gamon's famous Chance and his 
favourite Risk were likewise sons of the old white dog, 
and now in 1895 few of our best terriers are to be found 
without some modicum of the blood of Tyrant in their 
veins. He, indeed, may bear the palm as the best of his 
race, both in beauty and gameness, immediately following 
his notable sire Trap, and equally great grandsire Old Jock. 

During the sixties the Hon. T. W. Fitzwilliam was 
showing a splendid lot of terriers, of which he had a large 
number kennelled at Wentworth House, Rotherham, York- 
shire, his Vassal, Ruby, Topsy, being tip-top, and we must 
not forget that he had Jock, Tartar, and Grove Nettle in his 
possession at one period of their existence. The Marquis 
of Huntly at Aboyne about the same time owned Worry, 
Bounce, Nectar, Mischief, Famous, and other excellent 
terriers, all of which were said to be as game as they 
were handsome. The name of Mr. F. Sale (Derby) must 
not be omitted, as at one time his kennels were most 
formidable, for they had included Hornet (who came second 
at Birmingham in 1871 to the writer's Mac II.), Old 
Tartar, and many others pretty nearly as good, with which 
he was a most formidable opponent at the big shows. 

With such supporters, there was nothing wonderful in 
the fact that the marked attention these " revived " terriers 
attracted led to a newspaper controversy as to their origin, 
and in The Field a number of interesting letters appeared 
on the subject. These in every case came from men of 
weight and mark and learning in canine lore. Then the 
Editor, the late Mr. J. H. Walsh, wrote his article on the 
Fox Terrier, which naturally attracted further attention. 

42 The Fox Terrier. 

After dwelling upon the advisability or otherwise of the 
bulldog or bull terrier cross, Mr. Walsh says he had 
" known good and bad of each kind of breeding ; but the 
best he ever saw go to ground was one-eighth bull, though 
he showed it no more than Jock, the champion. . . . 
There are few varieties of the species cam's which show 
more intelligence than the fox terrier," and " Gelert " (a 
sporting writer and compiler of a list of foxhounds, &c., in 
1849), the Rev. John Russell, and other authorities, support 
this opinion. 

In the first edition of the u Dogs of the British Isles " 
the author (" Stonehenge ") says, "that until the establish- 
ment of dog shows Captain Percy Williams, Jack Morgan, 
and five or six of our foremost huntsmen were the posses- 
sors of the most celebrated strains of fox terriers ; but no 
sooner were special prizes offered for them at Birmingham, 
Leeds, and London, as well as in conjunction with those for 
foxhounds at the Cleveland Society's celebrated gatherings 
in Yorkshire, than Mr. Wootton of Nottingham, Mr. 
Stevenson of Chester, in conjunction with Mr. Gorse, 
also of Nottingham, and other breeders of less note, set 
themselves to work to vie with the professionals, and 
produced the beautiful little terriers which time after time 
have adorned the benches of Birmingham and Islington. 
Many of them have no doubt never seen a fox ; but there 
are few which are not capable of giving a good account of 
him if properly entered." This was written in 1866, when 
the popularity of the fox terriers had in a degree been 

Mr. Walsh mentions only some seven or eight kennels 
of hounds having terriers of the show type, but there is 
little doubt a score or more of them had such. When once 

A Broken Jaw. 43 

their value became known, they kept cropping up from all 
parts of the country, both smooth and wire haired, the 
former generally from the Midland and Southern counties, 
whilst those with hard jackets appeared mostly confined to 
the Yorkshire and more Northern districts. The Badsworth 
had a rare hard-bitten strain of terriers with their hounds, 
mostly smooth-coated ones, too. The Slingsbys, an old 
sporting family, who for generations resided at Scriven 
Park, Yorkshire, had likewise a strain that was bad to beat 
at anything. These, too, had smooth jackets, showed bull- 
dog or bull terrier blood, were mostly lemon marked, from 
i3lb. to i61b. weight, and usually possessed prick ears. 

A little bitch from Mr. Vyner's was about as game a 
terrier as I ever saw, though her coat was thin and she had 
been brought up as a house pet. This bitch I saw sent 
into an earth in the North of England to drive what was 
generally considered to be a fox. Underground a long 
time, a couple of hours or more, with difficulty she was 
called out, and from the punishment she had received 
conclusions were drawn that a badger was in the rocks. 
The poor terrier had her jaw broken, and her face bitten 
through and through ; still she escaped from her owner, 
went underground to her game again, and when got out a 
second time was almost dead. The badger was afterwards 
taken, and it is pleasing to note that the plucky little bitch 
survived her injuries. 

Mr. Doyle, in his admirable article in " The Book of the 
Dog," tells us that the strain Mr. Stevenson owned at 
Chester originally came from Shropshire, where they had 
been kept and cherished for years by Mr. Donville Poole, 
of Maybury Hall. However, from a description of this 
strain from the pen of Mr. S. W. Smith, and which 

44 The Fox Terrier. 

appears in the terrier division of " Modern Dogs 1 ' (1894), 
it seems these game, hardy little fellows could scarcely be 
classed as the correct type of the modern fox terrier, but 
they were the dogs the late Mr. John Walker alluded to in 
his celebrated contribution in which he stated that nothing 
came amiss to the wretches from a " pig to a postman," 
an unfortunate letter carrier being attacked by them 
and so bitten about the legs that death ensued. Then 
Sir Watkin Wynn had a strain of his own in Wales 
(not Welsh terriers these), and so had Lord Hill on the 
borders of the Principality. Down in Devonshire the 
sporting villages simply teemed with little dogs, but most 
of these were wire-haired, and the Rev. John Russell 
valued them highly, as did Mr. Cheriton and other hunting 
men of the locality. The Rufford, too, had its own 
speciality in fox terriers ; so had Mr. Ffrance, in Cheshire ; 
and even in Northumberland, from the Tyndale, came one 
of the best fox terrier bitches I ever saw. She, however, 
crops up a little later, and had all the good qualities of a 
modern first prize winner, with the exception of being very 
much tucked up in her loins, and she carried what remained 
of her stern right over her back. Some exhibitors might 
have cut it all off, and said the absence of her caudal 
appendage was due to an accident of some kind or 

The Farquharsons, in Dorsetshire, owned excellent 
terriers, that would drive a fox out of its earth with 
the best of them, and the excellences of those of the 
Duke of Beaufort have repeatedly been mentioned. Tread- 
well, too, always kept a few couple of hardy ones handy 
for work with the Old Berkeley, as did old Ben Morgan for 
the use of Lord Middleton's hounds; and the late Will 

Black and Tan Heads. 45 

Goodall, George Beers, with Frank, his son, were never 
happy unless they had some of the gamest of the game well 
within call when required, after a good stout fox had 
dodged the stopped earths and gone to ground. 

The Burton, Lincolnshire, must not be overlooked, for 
at the time Dick Burton was first whip there, when 
Lord Henry Bentinck hunted them himself, considerable 
care was bestowed upon the terriers, a strain of which 
the hunt possessed, mostly white-bodied dogs with lemon 
markings on the head. There is an oil painting still 
in the possession of the Burton family, a portrait of 
Dick with some of his favourite hounds and terriers. 
This must have been painted about sixty years ago. 
When Burton retired into private life he took some of these 
terriers with him, and crossed them with a black and tan 
dog belonging to Mr. Charles Clarke, Scopwick, the well- 
known breeder of Lincoln sheep. This was in reality a 
black and tan fox terrier not a Manchester terrier 
possibly a dog something after the stamp of that engraved 
and described earlier in the volume the fox terrier of 1806. 
From this cross Dick Burton produced black and tan 
headed dogs, others with marks on the body, and he 
claimed to be the first individual to introduce these hand- 
somely coloured terriers to the public. This is an 
interesting piece of history which I believe has hitherto 
failed to find its way into print, and there is no reason why 
the claim should not be allowed, although it is possible that 
at the same time other admirers of the fox terrier were 
bringing about similar results through a different cross. 
In addition to these less known kennels, there were others 
whose reputation was world-wide rather than local, including 
the Grove, the Belvoir, the Albrighton, the Atherton, the 
Duke of Rutland's, and the Brocklesby. 

40 The Fox Terrier. 

Here, then, were a sufficient number of strains of diverse 
blood to perpetuate and improve even to perfect any 
one variety, and our fox terrier classes on the show bench 
at the present day prove that every advantage has been 
taken of the material at hand. One strain has improved 
another, until little animals as near perfection as possible 
are produced, and a couple of hundred candidates for 
honour at one show is nothing unusual now, whilst in 1860, 
at Birmingham, only about three bond-fide fox terriers 
were on view, and there was no special class provided for 

Reverting to The Field correspondence,' " Cecil," writing 
in December, 1858, said, ''that during one of his visits into 
Cheshire he had the honour of an introduction to a gentle- 
man who was for many years a first-rate performer over a 
country, and has ever ranked highly in the estimation of 
his numerous friends for his hospitality, exquisite port wine, 
and an unrivalled collection of terriers. An invitation to 
dine and inspect his unique little pack of terriers afforded 
me the greatest pleasure. I might possibly be transgressing 
the bounds of etiquette if I were to record the kind recep- 
tions I met with on such occasions ; and I am the more 
cautious in the introduction of gentlemen's names, having 
recently caused some annoyance to an old and valued friend 
by mentioning him in these columns, in conjunction with 
others, as a most liberal preserver of foxes, and a popular 
resident in a country far distant from this. Knowing, 
therefore, that some gentlemen entertain objections to 
being brought before the public, more especially as regards 
matters of a private nature, I feel that I need not offer any 
further apology for not giving greater publicity to one of 
Cheshire's most highly respected and worthy country 

"Bard as Iron." 47 

squires. Of the pack, however, I must claim the privilege 
of giving a description. It consists of seven couples of 
beautiful white terriers, most decided enemies of the 
vulpine race, or any other animal wearing fur and coming 
under the denomination of vermin. In evidence of their 
courage, two young ones are mentioned as having killed a 
cat which weighed more than themselves when placed in 
the scales together. Their pedigrees have been registered 
with as much care and precision as those of any pack of 
foxhounds in the kingdom. In symmetry they are perfect, 
and their legs and feet quite models for masters of hounds 
and huntsmen to study. Whenever the hounds run foxes 
to ground in the neighbourhood, one of these game little 
pets is sure to be in requisition ; and there were two of 
them evincing the marks of recent conflicts with foxes 
when employed in dislodging them from their subterranean 
places of refuge. In that very useful employment the 
destruction of rats they are superlatively good, and a huge 
monster of that species was very quickly dispatched by a 
little bitch only six months old ; and, although the rat 
caught her by the cheek, she did not even utter a whimper. 
The buildings devoted to their accommodation are com- 
plete in every respect. They are miniature foxhound 
kennels, well ventilated, and of comfortable temperature, 
regulated by a thermometer, and the very paragon of clean- 

The late Captain White, after witnessing a trial of the 
gameness and endurance of these terriers against two 
newly-caught badgers, pronounced them, the terriers (not 
the badgers), to be " as hard as iron, stout as steel, and 
good as gold." 

No doubt there were as good terriers in those days as 

48 The Fox Terrier. 

there are now for work, perhaps better, for there was more 
use for them then. The columns of The Field during 
1866-67 contained a number of excellent letters on the fox 
terrier, written by those who knew what they were writing 
of and how to put their ideas into words. The respective 
merits of Jock and Tartar were freely discussed, and 
"W. J. M." (the Rev. W. J. Mellor), who then resided at 
Colwick Rectory, near Nottingham, received a rather warm 
retort from the owner of Tartar, the Hon. T. W. Fitzwilliam, 
tor suggesting that the little champion was " too much of 
the bull terrier." 

" Idstone," whose charming articles have so often de- 
lighted his readers, also wrote all he knew about fox 
terriers, and this was what he said : " . . . First, I 
think the coat of the terrier they breed is frequently too 
fine ; a harder, denser description of jacket would be a 
more suitable protection for a dog who has to face all 
weather, and to submit all day to the splash of the hunts- 
man's horse. I believe if he could choose for himself he 
would pick out something more like bristles, although lying 
closely, as offering a better defence to the weather or to 
that angry thong he always is within reach of except when 
he has gone to ground. ... I am no advocate for 
broken-haired fox terriers," continues " Idstone," " and am 
thoroughly of opinion that the smooth dog, as a class, beats 
the rough dog in pluck and staying powers." He would, 
indeed, be a bold man who could say this to-day, for there 
are now, as then, good and bad of both varieties, and that 
dog the better trained and with the greatest amount of hard 
work to do will always be the one to do it properly. 

" Idstone " further remarks that " a pure fox terrier is 
not required to draw badgers, nor should he be so ' hard 

The Late Captain Handy. 49 

bitten ' as to slaughter a fox in the earth. . . . The 
kennel dog is, and must be kept, a distinct family, and he 
ought to have quite enough courage to destroy vermin 
without possessing the bulldog cross. The one is generally 
a useful animal, adapted for ratting, rabbit hunting, and 
working a hedgerow or bit O of gorse, providing his coat is 
hard enough. The other is good for vermin, but will very 
likely not let a cat live about the premises, and is anxious 
for a ' turn-up ' with any outsider of his own species two 
inconvenient and undesirable proclivities." The above ex- 
pression of opinion holds good at the present time, although 
the advice contained therein, written more than twenty- 
five years ago, was then especially valuable, as there was a 
strong inclination to infuse a dash of the bulldog into the 
ordinary terrier. 

"W. J. M." also wrote in favour of the smooth-coated 
variety, and so did the late Captain Handy, who at that 
time was a popular sportsman at Malmesbury. Later he 
was on the staff of one of the London newspapers, where he 
did good work, and died in harness about three years ago. 
Under the signature of " J. A. H.," he said, " I am quite of 
opinion that a fox terrier should be smooth coated, and I much 
doubt whether any dog showing a rough or broken-haired 
coat is pure bred ; but where such is the case, I believe 
there must be a cross (more or less remote) of the Scotch 
terrier. I daresay there are rough-coated terriers as good 
as any smooth-coated ones, but they are not fox terriers. 
I well remember the fox terriers that used to run with the 
Duke of Beaufort's hounds in Will Long's time, and I 
believe the breed had been kept there for very many years. 
You will see a specimen amongst the hounds in the picture 
of ' The Lawn Meet at Badminton.' They were nearly 


50 The Fox Terrier. 

always black and tan, but occasionally black, white, and 
tan, with a compact, well-knit frame, ears small and 
hanging close to the head, with coats, though close and 
thick, as bright and smooth as satin. It was wonderful 
with what pluck and endurance they would make their way 
to the end of the longest run. . . . Now in these fast 
days," continued the gallant Captain, " sportsmen cannot 
wait for a fox to be got out, and the order is ' find another 
one ' ; hence the use of fox terriers to run with hounds has 
been discontinued, and the breed has not been kept up at 
Badminton. . . . " 

And there is no doubt that the fox terrier is less used as 
an adjunct to the foxhounds now in 1894, than even was 
the case when " J. A. H." poured forth his lamentations on 
the subject. At times one may see a " runner " that is, a 
man who follows the hounds on foot with a little dog 
under his arm or at his heels in a leash, which he tells you 
is " the best in the world," and will drive any fox from any 
earth or drain, be it ever so long and sinuous. For obvious 
reasons the poor fellow's terrier is seldom tried, and when 
the fox is run to ground, the cry, oftener than not, is, 
" Forrard ! to Blankton Gorse," or to some other untried 
covert, and the fox that has gone to ground has saved his 
brush at any rate for a time. Some hunting men will, no 
doubt, have heard of that eccentric " runner," once a dis- 
tinguished character with one of our foremost packs 
of hounds, who bred and kept an excellent strain of 
working terriers. His eccentricity did not, however, 
lie in this fancy for little dogs, but in the habit he 
had of carrying a home-made spur, which he used on 
his own thighs when tired and inclined to drop into a 
walk. To such an extent did he thus punish himself that 

Peterborough Hound Show. 51 

he had to undergo surgical treatment on more than one 

The present Lord Lonsdale had an idea of working some 
of his prize-bred terriers with his hounds when he was 
master of the Pytchley. But the general surroundings of 
modern fox hunting prevented him doing this properly and 
as he would have wished. Still, a few of his high-priced, 
fashionable terriers were properly entered, and, I believe, 
gave a good account of themselves whenever required so to 
do. Mr. Harding Cox, when master of the Old Berkeley 
Hounds, kenneled some good working terriers of the prize 
strains, but his, like Lord Lonsdale's, were of the wire- 
haired variety. Then the Littleworths, huntsmen for 
generations, have always kept terriers, and even now own 
some of show bench strains, which can, and do, accompany 
the hounds when there is likely to be occasion for their 
services. Indeed, there is still a fox terrier or two hanging 
about either the kennels or the stable yard, but no pains 
are taken to perpetuate the variety solely for bolting the 
fox, as once was the case. Modern hunting, quick gallops, 
and the go-a-headedness of the times have done away with 
his occupation, and the fox terrier now possesses his 
greatest value in his beauty alone. At the great Hound 
Show held during June of each year at Peterborough, on 
occasions prizes have been given for terriers which carry a 
record of having been entered and employed with fox- 
hounds. However, for some reason or other, the terrier 
classes there were discontinued in 1894, but I hope this 
omission will prove but temporary. The competitors there 
were usually somewhat of a ragged lot, though occasionally 
the absolute winners were quite up to modern show form in 
appearance ; moreover they were well-bred and likewise 

E 2 


The Fox Terrier. 

often bore the credentials of scars as their "Victoria 

In the North of England, in Wales, and in some parts of 
Scotland, fox hunters cannot do without their terriers, such 
being used by Tommy Dobson, who hunts a few couples of 
hounds from Eskdale, Cumberland; by Mr. Benson with 
the Melbrake ; by the Ulleswater ; by the Coniston, by Mr. 
Jacob Robson with the Border Foxhounds, and by others. 
Most of these terriers are, however, more or less cross 
bred, but Mr. Robson's seem pretty much similar in type r 
wire haired, red or " mustard/ 3 " pepper and salt," and some- 
times black and tan in colour. They are coming to be 
known as "Border Terriers," and as they are very useful 
and handy little dogs, they certainly deserve this special 



|F course, there were a few other good terriers 
appearing about the earlier shows in addition to 
those already mentioned, but such bear sorry 
reputations to-day, nor have they done much in the way 
of improving the family generally. Rival was a terrier- 
like dog of the Jock stamp, but these varmint-looking 
fellows soon had, as it were, their noses put out of joint 
by the introduction of some smarter, handsomer, and 
gayer little creatures, wherever they came from, and there 
was no wonder that the huntsmen called such dogs, as 
those of which the beautiful Trimmer formed a fair 
specimen, toys. Here was another "pillar 11 with the 
name of the breeder unknown, though said to be sired 
by some unknown quantity of a dog called Rap, his dam 
being the Rev. T. O'Grady's Vic. Trimmer, a smart, 
thin-coated little dog, about I4lb. weight, with a small, 

54 The Fox Terrier. 

weak head, was most prettily marked with the deepest 
black and the richest tan. He was no workman to look at, 
and I have heard it said that, instead of being bred at 
some well-known kennels, as all such notabilities should 
be, Trimmer first saw the light in the cottage of a barge- 
man who sailed on one of the Midland canals. If 
this handsomest of fox terriers was not game, he was 
thoroughly ill-natured and snappish, and, during his con- 
finement on the show bench, kept all inquisitive visitors 
at a respectful distance. Trimmer, unlike some other 
celebrities, had two brothers ; these were called Crack and 
Tory. The latter belonged to young Mr. G. F. Statter, 
who then had a farm at Broomhills, near Carlisle, and 
Tory was a sad dog, as wild as they make them one, 
indeed, that could not be allowed off the chain. Crack, 
some time in the possession of the writer, was a beautifully 
made little animal, with a good coat, and the most perfect 
feet and legs imaginable. He won a prize or two, but 
would not be looked at as a show dog nowadays. His 
temper to strangers was most obnoxious ; still, he was 
fairly game, would kill rats, swim a mile up the middle 
of a canal, and, generally, proved a most endearing little 
fellow with those with whom he was on good terms. But 
Crack had a strange antipathy to people with black or 
very dark hair. 

Others of the toyish stamp were Mr. Murchison's 
Bellona and Mr. Sarsfield's Fussy. The latter caused a 
considerable sensation when she came forward as a 
winner, for her owner lived at Durham, and was quite 
out of the ordinary swim of so-called fanciers, who now 
had grown numerous. Fussy, entered at Birmingham 
show in 1868, when the Rev. T. O'Grady and Mr. John 

Some Famous Bitches. 55 

Walker were the judges, was then said to be about twelve 
months old, so that the stud book is in error where it 
states that she was born in 1869. Mr. Henry Calf, of 
Devizes, showed her, and thought so little of his bitch as 
to catalogue her at five guineas. I need scarcely say she 
did not obtain even a commendation, nor her sister Venom 
either, who was entered by their breeder, Mr. H. Chaworth 
Musters, at the same time. Fussy caught the eye of Mr. 
Sarsfield, who speedily became her owner for the sum 
already alluded to, and a great prize he thus obtained. In 
the following year Fussy commenced her successful career 
in the provinces, and, reappearing at Curzon Hall in 1870, 
was placed first in a strong champion class of eight, which 
included Mr. Pilgrim's Gem, who had been third the 
previous year. Mr. F. Sale, however, with his good, 
strong-backed bitch Myrtle, beat the Durham entry for the 
cup. It may be stated here that a daughter of the latter, 
Patch (Mr. Procter's), then but nine months old, was 
exhibited in the open class unsuccessfully, but in 1871 the 
tables were turned, for Patch came first in the open 
division ; once more was her dam at the head of the 
champions, but, still unfortunate, was placed behind the 
writer's Mac II. for the " blue ribbon " of the show, the 
valued champion cup. Mr. Sarsfield's favourite again 
won in 1872, but the following year Patch was beaten by 
Myrtle, then five years old, but wearing well. In addition 
to the above honours, Fussy won many others, and proved 
extraordinarily successful for breeding purposes too, 
for Mr. Gibson's Vexer a bitch rather short in head, but 
very good indeed in other respects w r as own sister to 
Patch, the dam and her two handsome daughters forming 
a trio that would be difficult to beat even to-day. The 

56 The Fox Terrier. 

strain has not, however, been worked to all the advantage 
it might have been ; Mr. Sarsfield's business engagements 
prevented him giving more than a passing attention to 
improving our terriers, and Mr. Procter gained greater 
notoriety from his strain of Cochin China fowls. Mr. 
Procter, however, still keeps a terrier or two as com- 
panions, and shows them successfully occasionally ; such 
as he has, possess more or less of the Fussy blood, and 
through her sire, Mr. Muster's Ragman, go back to Old 
Trap, as so many of our best strains do. 

Mr. J. Holmes, jun.'s (Beverley) Gadfly, by Vassal, a son 
of Jock and Grove Nettle, another much admired terrier 
in his day, especially for the reputation he bore for 
gameness, could not get high up in the prize list at Curzon 
Hall ; still groups of sporting men were usually round his 
number, as was the case with Mr. F. Sale's Hornet much 
the better of the two and he was a son of Grove Nettle. 
The same exhibitor also owned an animal of unusual 
excellence in Myrtle, by his Old Sam, a son of Tyrant, out 
of a bitch called Jenny, by Old Jock. Mr. Luke Turner 
bred Myrtle, who at five years old was good enough to 
win the challenge prize at Birmingham. She had rather 
large ears, a weakish jaw, and possessed neither the rough 
wear and tear appearance nor character a hunting man 
likes to see in his terrier. 

One of the best all-round fox terriers about now (1873, 
or a little later), was the lovely little bitch Lille, so long 
and successfully shown by Mr. Shepherd, of Beverley. 
She looked like a daughter of Tyrant's, but was by Tartar 
Patch, out of Fell's Spot, all good-bred ones in their 
way, with nothing like the quality possessed by their illus- 
trious descendent. Handsome as Lille was, stronger bone 

Bygone Celebrities. 57 

and less delicate appearance would have improved her, 
though beautiful symmetry invariably attracted the judges 
at that time rather than a game-looking expression. The 
latter was possessed in an extraordinary degree by a tan- 
marked bitch called Fan, first, I believe, shown by Mr. 
W. Allison, of Cotswold Rectory, and later by Mr. C. T. 
Abbot. Here we had all terrier character, but she moved 
stiffly, was not, as it were, built on galloping lines, and 
became too loaded at the shoulders for modern fancy. 
She came in a little later, and reminded me more of Grove 
Nettle than any bitch I have seen since. The Stud Book 
gives her pedigree as follows : sire, Priam ; dam, Pixie, by 
Jock out of Lill ; Priam by Morgan's Grove Crab out of 
Fury ; and she was bred by Lady de Lisle. 

Another excellent bitch abounding with character was 
Jester's daughter Satire, bred and shown by Mr. J. 
Arrowsmith, of Thirsk, and from the same kennel 
came Tiny, who became a champion. Denton's Jock, from 
Doncaster, an excellent dog with a doubtful pedigree, 
said to be by Tyrant dam unknown,- after winning a 
number of prizes at the Yorkshire shows, was purchased 
by Mr. Gibson, Brockenhurst, and as Bitters continued 
to increase his notoriety but was by no means a success 
at the stud. 

Amidst all these bygone celebrities, Mr. Peter Pilgrim's 
May must not be forgotten, another of old Jock's daughters, 
from a bitch called Crafty, known at the Quorn Kennels. 
Lasting long enough to win second prize in the champion 
class at Nottingham when eight years old, she was a 
remarkably strong-loined, very good looking bitch, rather 
light in bone. Another notable dog was the much abused 
Venture (the late Mr. W. Cropper's, Minting House, 

58 The Fox Terrier. 

Horncastle) by Tyrant, already described. It was rather 
strange that Venture who, by the way, was said to be 
unable to get stock by his alliance with Fussy produced 
so heavily-marked a bitch as Proctor's Patch, and Henry 
Gibson's Vexer, with little colour about her, whilst his 
Vanity from Cottingham Nettle had likewise Venture for 
her sire. Patch was a good one if almost black, and 
certainly well beat her dam in length and strength of jaw, 
in which respects Fussy was sadly deficient. 

About the year 1872 the entries of fox terriers became 
unusually numerous, and, strange though it may seem, 
actually included more individual animals than are found 
even in the special terrier shows held at the present time. 
Now the classes are divided in an almost inexplicable 
fashion, there being at the most recent show of the Fox 
Terrier Club held at Derby in November, 1894, no fewer 
than thirty-three classes for smooth-coated fox terriers, they 
including puppies and novices, with limit classes, challenge 
classes, the same for veterans, " birthday" stakes, produce 
stakes," graduate " classes, as well as the " Derby," the "Oaks " 
and various " selling" divisions. Indeed, considerable 
ingenuity must have been exercised in the " invention" and 
arrangement of so many different competitions. Whether 
such are altogether an advantage is an open question, they 
certainly give all dogs a chance of winning, so much so that 
in some of the " birthday" and " produce " classes, I have 
seen puppies win a prize of greater value than the dog 
which won it. Thus the latter, as a prize winner at a Fox 
Terrier Club's show might be given a fictitious value. Before 
this new classification a couple of champion classes and as 
many open ones were all the catalogues included, and there 
were no duplicate entries, i.e , dogs were not allowed to 

Large Classes. 59 

compete in more than one division. Still, such arrangements 
notwithstanding, from one hundred and fifty to over two 
hundred terriers were often benched in one exhibition, and 
at Nottingham, in 1872, 276 fox terriers were entered. 
Here there was a puppy class which attracted 73 com- 
petitors, whilst 74 animals were present in the open dog 
class and 109 in that for bitches, where Tiny, alluded to 
earlier on, won in the largest individual class of fox 
terriers on record. Mr. S. Owen's Thatch, a now 
forgotten dog, was placed at the head of affairs in 
the open dog class, with the much better known Foiler 
second only. The champion classes at the same show 
had likewise large entries, Mr. T. Bassett's Spot, a 
terrier of great reputation at that time, beating Tyke and 
others in the dog division ; whilst another of the well nigh 
forgotten ones, Mr. B. Cox's Whiskey, was placed over 
May and Nectar for the bitch championship. A little later 
Birmingham found the fox terriers so numerous that the 
executive laid their heads together to devise some simplifi- 
cation of the work the judges had to do. 

There was a controversy going on then about the size of 
fox terriers. Both big and little were winning, and those 
who owned the latter grumbled at the judges who by their 
awards testified to the truth of the adage that " a good big 
'un would always beat a good little 'un." So in 1876 the 
fox terriers at Curzon Hall came, as it were, to be split up, 
and classes were provided for dogs over i81b., bitches over 
i61b. ; and also for dogs and bitches under such weights. 
This arrangement continued for ten years, during which 
period the fashion became so changed that the best judges 
would scarcely condescend to look at a fox terrier much 
over I7lb. As the custom had grown in the country for 

60 The Fox Terrier. 

providing novice and other divisions, in addition to the 
usual open and champion (or challenge) ones, the Birming- 
ham management again made a change, the result of which 
is seen at the present day. Possibly what I have written 
here will remove the false impression which appears to 
prevail to the effect that the classes of fox terriers are 
larger now than at any previous period of our history. I 
fancy that some modern judge at one of our big shows 
would look puzzled were he set down in a ring with 
fifty-eight fox terrier dogs in the open class, and only two 
fewer in the bitches, as was the case at Birmingham in 
1875. And at that show all sorts and sizes won prizes, the 
winning dog being Mr. Bassett's Varmint, one of the heavy 
weights, and a coarse customer too ; whilst for second came 
Snap (Mr. J. R. Whittle's), one of the writer's strain, a very 
neat and all round an excellent little dog certainly less than 
I5lb. in weight. Mr. Russell Earp's Vine, who took pre- 
cedence in bitches, was likewise of the smaller or more 
toyish stamp; and, on the contrary, Mr. G. H. Warren's 
Vic, second prize, was a much bigger and far stronger 
bitch. With such decisions as these, no person was 
surprised to find, as already stated, the change in the 
arrangements of classification which came the following 

Twenty-five years ago the value of pedigrees in fox 
terriers became so apparent, that they were often manu- 
factured, and the honour of winning a prize being now at its 
highest, sharp practices to gain that distinction came 
into vogue. Some exhibitors, not content with merely 
docking the tails of their dogs, were clever enough to 
reduce the size of the ears by paring them down with 
either knife or scissors. I remember being shown the 

"Faking " the Ears. 61 

scissors with which this operation had been successfully 
performed on a dog that won a number of prizes. One of 
the first duties of a judge in the ring at that time was, and 
for years later continued to be, to examine the ears to see 
whether they had been what was slangily called " faked." 
This usually meant cutting the tendons of the ears to make 
the latter drop properly, for many terriers had naturally 
prick or erect ears, and with these appendages so carried 
there was no chance of winning a prize. The teeth, too, 
could be filed to a level where those on the lower jaw 
projected in front of the upper ones. When they did so 
project, the dog w r as said to be undershot, a fault which 
was then absolute disqualification. Curling sterns, over- 
gaily carried, could be straightened, so the clever artist in 
the matter of dog showing, had, even with these almost 
white terriers, ample opportunity for a display of his skill 
and ingenuity in dishonest practices. And so he has now, 
he does so in many cases, and " faking," to my mind, quite 
as bad as such cases as I have alluded to is permitted. 
The sin, however, of this modern " faking" does not appear 
to be so much in its commission as in its discovery, and 
means are now adopted by which a terrier's ears may be 
made to drop artificially and no tell-tale marks remain. 
This is done in many instances by weights plastered oh to 
the inside of the ears and sometimes on the outside. Again, 
one sees advertisements from " up to date" dealers who 
manufacture and sell appliances which are said to answer 
the purposes of " ear-dropping " admirably; "ear pads" 
they are called. 

This en passant, however. Immediately following 1870 
there were still more notorious terriers shown than those 
already mentioned, some good that did not win prizes,. 

62 The Fox Terrier. 

others indifferent which did, for the judging was sadly in 
and out. Amongst the indifferent specimens might be 
classed Vandal, whose pedigree in the " Kennel Club Stud 
Book " is, I was told at the time of the publication, all 
wrong (although the owner is free from blame in the 
matter), Turco, and Renard, all shown by Mr. Murchison, 
who then had a kennel of terriers which has not since been 
surpassed. It included no end of celebrities, and for three 
years or more his representatives quite swept the decks. 
At Titchmarsh, near Thrapston, where the kennels were 
located, Mr. Murchison was fortunate in securing the 
services of S. W. Smith as kennel-manager, and for years 
the word of the latter was law as to what a fox terrier 
should be. Old Trap, Bellona, Trimmer, Old Jock, Grove 
Nettle, Pincers, Trinket, Vanity, Olive, were one time or 
another all under Smith's charge, as were hosts of minor 
lights, the names of which do not at present occur to me. 
When Mr. Murchison's kennels were strongest (about 
1869-74) they contained at the least 200 smooth-coated fox 
terriers, including puppies, and perhaps the best of all the 
lot was his well-known bitch, Olive, which had been bred 
by Mr. Luke Turner, and was contemporary with Mr. 
Henry Gibson's Dorcas mentioned further on. Olive was 
by Belgrave Joe Tricksey, by Chance, an i81b. bitch, with 
a black and tan head, and all round one of the best fox 
terriers ever produced, and "Stonehenge" had her illustrated 
for his " Dogs of the British Isles." Olive died in the 
autumn of 1889, at the advanced age of fifteen years. 

Another equally powerful kennel about the same time 
was that formed by Mr. Henry Gibson, at Brockenhurst, 
on the borders of the New Forest, and whose name has 
already appeared in these pages. From school-boy days 

Mr. Gibson, of Brockenhurst. 63 

Mr. Gibson had been an admirer of fox terriers, and, when 
he had scarcely entered his teens, contrived to obtain a 
crack dog of the breed, for which he paid the exorbitant 
sum of fifty shillings, and that was about fifty years ago. 
Later in life Mr. Gibson availed himself of the opportunity 
thrown in his way, to cross this old strain of working 
terriers with more modern ones, and thus he achieved the 
honourable position occupied by the most successful 
exhibitor of the day, which he certainly was about the 
years 1873-6. Mr. Gibson still believes in the old time 
terriers, and considers that the one mentioned above, 
which he had purchased from Massey, Mr. Adderley's (now 
Lord Norton) gamekeeper, of Hams Hall, Warwickshire, 
was the best he ever possessed, and he treasures the same 
strain even now. This family of terriers was as game as 
possible, quite free from any of the bull terrier blood ; and 
many and many a hard week's work have these Brocken- 
hurst dogs done when their time was not occupied on the 
benches, where they had a long and successful career. 
Although most of these winners had been bred by their 
owner, he was always ready in case of need to pick up 
the plums which were to be had from other kennels. In 
1874, he claimed Foiler at Birmingham (he was one of the 
judges) for ioo/., where that dog had been placed second 
to Tyke, who, catalogued at 5O/., could have been pur- 
chased for less money. Foiler, a good-looking dog, with 
a long, well-shaped head, but not level enough on his back 
for my fancy, proved an indifferent animal to breed from, 
although so well bred himself, having a treble strain of 
Grove blood in him through Willie, Tartar, and Nettle. 
Foiler, Diamond, Brockenhurst Joe, Vexer, Bitters, with 
that extremely good bitch Dorcas, were some of the best 

64 The Fox Terrier. 

terriers Mr. Gibson has owned. The last named, who was 
purchased by Mr. F. Burbidge, requires something more 
than a passing notice, for there are many persons at the 
present day who considered her, when living, as the best 
of her race, and now, when dead, believe her equal has not 
yet been seen. Dorcas, born in 1873, was at the height 
of her successful show career, two years later, a bitch 
about i61b in weight, with one side of her face black and 
tan, body white, with one spot on it. She possessed one 
of the best heads of the Foiler stamp, long and powerful, 
well shaped on the skull, and quite terrier-like in muzzle, 
her excellent expression being increased by her beautiful 
eyes, sharp and sparkling, ever on the look-out for " rats." 
She was not of the cobby stamp, though rather long in 
back, bone not heavy, but apparently of excellent quality. 
Dorcas' neck and shoulders were perfection, so were her 
feet and fore legs, the latter as straight as they could be 
made, still not stiff and stilty to the extent of giving a 
narrowness in front and a deficiency of heart room, so 
increasing a defect amongst the modern prize winners. 
The ears of this bitch were nicely carried, neither too big 
nor too little, and in the early portion of her career her 
coat was hard, short, and close ; later, it became a little 
soft. The hind quarters were not quite so neat as one 
would like to have seen, arching a little too much and more 
crooked at the stifles than is actually to be wished ; still, 
all round, Dorcas was one of the very best fox terrier 
bitches we ever saw, and as such fully deserving the 
eulogiums bestowed upon her. Still, good bitch as she 
was, Mr. W. Allison, in judging her by points in 1877, 
placed her below Bloom, making the latter almost perfect 
by giving her 96 out of a possible 100 ; Dorcas being 

"Quiz" and "Chance. 39 65 

awarded but 86. Personally, I considered the latter quite 
a class ahead of the former. Dorcas' head stuffed and 
mounted, hanging on the walls of the Kennel Club, in 
Cleveland-row, does her scant justice. 

Messrs. Bewley and Carson, who resided in Liverpool, 
about this time were going the circuit of the shows, and by 
the aid of Quiz won a great number of prizes. This was 
an unusually nice terrier in every way, though not of a 
fashionable pedigree (being by Watty Midge, whatever 
they were), nor am I quite certain that, in 1871, he was not 
the best terrier of his year. Mr. N. Archer, who bred him 
at Stourbridge, was more than once present at the big 
shows with some dog better than common the bitch 
Diamond for instance, though there was some trouble about 
her ears. Mr. Gamon, of Chester, did honour to that city 
by producing many of the best dogs of his day. His tan- 
headed Chance, which was found suffocated in his box at 
Birmingham in 1870, was, whatever any one says to the 
contrary, about as perfect in his variety as anything we 
have seen. His coat, perhaps a little fine, was close, and 
the skin could scarcely be found underneath it ; his ex- 
pression and form were perfect. The terrier most like him 
is Belgrave Joe, particulars of whom will be found later 
on, when he was the property of Mr. Luke Turner, of 
Leicester. By careful selection Mr. Gamon had formed a 
valuable kennel, and great regret was expressed at its 
dispersal some few years later. 

Quite a sensational dog of his day was Mr. Leon Binney's 
Mac, a terrier of the handsome type, who came second to 
Venture at Laycock's Dairy Yard, where the Islington dog 
show was held in 1869. Many thought the Manchester 
dog should have won, and dying soon after there was no 


66 The Fox Terrier. 

chance of his avenging his defeat. He, however, left behind 
him a son, in Mac II., with whom the writer was fortunate 
enough to win the cup at Birmingham in 1871, the open 
dog class being, perhaps, the finest that had, up to that 
time, ever been brought together. Hornet, another good 
dog, and a daughter of Grove Nettle, was second in that 
year. Mac. II. was all that a terrier should be, a game and 
gentlemanly dog, and why he did not go to ground after 
fox and otter was for the very same reason that the coster- 
monger now calling " oysters, alive ! all alive oh ! " does 
not do so in German because his education had been 

The Hon. T. W. Fitzwilliam bred Tyke, a dog that won 
an unusual number of prizes, and who with Rattler, following 
a year or two later, takes us right down to the present 
generation of terriers. Tyke was by Tartar from a bitch by 
Old Jock ; a lowish set dog, with extra strong back ; of a 
nice size, about lylb., very powerful, but with a brindle 
mark on one cheek. He was pupped in 1869, changing 
hands several times at small sums (a good terrier was now 
worth ioo/. or more), until Mr. F. J. Astbury, of Prestwich, 
near Manchester, purchased him, and showed him over all 
the country. Dr. Hazlehurst had Turk and Mr. A. C. 
Bradbury Trumps about this time ; the latter a leggy dog 
rather, with a richly marked head, and bearing a character 
for gameness second to none. Good as he was, he, like 
Old Turk, was but a second-rater compared with the lions 
of his day, though in " blue blood " equal to the highest in 
the land. Mr. J. H. Shore's Viper, another son of Tartar, 
deserves a line to be written as to his excellence ; so does 
that sterling bitch Trinket, whose only fault was her plum- 
coloured nose. Her history proved sad, for she was stolen, 

The " Dreaded " Rattler. 67 

and no one, excepting .the thieves, who were never dis- 
covered, knew what became of her. Anyhow, a lovely bitch 
was lost to the honest people of the world. Grove Trimmer, 
shown by the Rev. T. W. De Castro; Mr. Allsop's Rebel; Mr. 
Redmond's Deserter; Little Jim the best of Tyke's get 
we ever saw bred by Mr. Gumming Macdona ; Tip and 
Spot, shown by Mr. Theodore Basset, were all terriers of a 
high class, and so like workmen in appearance that they 
deserve to be mentioned here. The same may be said of 
Mr. Murchison's Tom, of Vengeance, and of Diligent, the 
latter one of the early fox terriers shown by Mr R. Vicary, 
of Newton Abbot, who, later on, was to obtain such 
celebrity with his kennels. She was bred by Charley 
Littleworth in 1877, and and was by Brockenhurst Joe 
Busy, by Bitters, and a hardy-looking bitch with a very 
coarse stern. 

To continue a description of all the leading terriers 
during the past two decades would be most wearisome ; so, 
after a passing allusion to the dog who gained the name 
of the " dreaded Rattler," fresh ground must be broken. 
Jack Terry, of Nottingham, was the first man to successfully 
exhibit him, which he did under the Hon. T. W. Fitzwilliam 
as judge at one of the early Manchester shows. He was 
there purchased by Messrs. J. Douglas and S. Handley, 
who re-sold him to Mr. Fletcher, of Stoneclough, for ioo/. 
Then, in the care of Mr. George Helliwell, of Sheffield, 
who is now one of our popular judges, Rattler entered upon 
a career of successful exhibition which was nothing short of 
phenomenal. Born in 1871, and, when little less than two 
years old, winning at the Free Trade Hall, Manchester, in 
1873, he continued, with little to stop his progress, until 
1879, then having won over 250 prizes. The value of these, 

F 2 

68 The Fox Terrier. 

with the stud fees which no doubt so successful a dog 
would command, must have made Mr. Fletcher's spirited 
investment a lucrative one. 

Rattler's blood I never cared about. The Stud Book 
gives his breeder as Mr. Turner (this is not Mr. Luke 
Turner, so eminent an authority on fox terriers), by Hulse's 
Fox out of Fan, by Underwood's Spot from Cowlister's 
Dutch; Fox by Trimmer II., by Old Trimmer. That he 
got few notable puppies is not surprising, for, with the 
exception of Spot, his progenitors were not likely to bring 
good scions, the appearance of Trimmer II. in any pedigree 
being quite sufficient to condemn it. Oh, what ears that 
dog had ! big even during an era when such were rather 
the rule than the exception. Rattler, in appearance just 
an enlarged edition of Old Jock, was about iglb. weight, in 
fair show condition ; good all round, the more one looked 
at him the better he suited, his greatest fault being one 
common to all much-shown dogs a general listlessness in 
the ring. When " rats " were astir Rattler was all over 
the place, and, although he had many detractors for the 
most part defeated opponents the name of the " dreaded " 
will for long remain one of the foremost in the annals of 
fox terrier history. Had Rattler been shown and knocked 
about as a puppy, would he have worn so well and looked 
so fresh as he did when last on the bench ? is a question I 
would put to those who, nowadays, so persistently advocate 
puppy classes. 

For years the name of the Rev. T. W. de Castro has 
been familiar to all who are likely to wade through these 
pages ever since he owned Buffer. Here we had the 
exact antipodes to Rattler ; the one could not win on the 
bench, yet could produce excellent stock, the other could 

Sons of Buffer. 69 

do the former and not the latter. When Buffet, Buffer's 
son, was sold for 250/1 by Mr. Shepherd, of Beverley, to 
Mr. J. Hyde, of Stratford-on-Avon, a sensation was caused, 
for, however fanciful prices had recently been, this certainly 
topped all. Buffet was as dear a dog as anyone could 
purchase, because thoroughly unhealthy, his blood was dis- 
ordered, and all the care and attention one of the most 
skilful " dogmen," John Reed, of Beverley, could bestow, 
were required to bring him into the ring in a fairly pre- 
sentable state. Imagine a terrier almost, if not quite, 
perfection in formation and symmetry, and you have 
Buffet. Possibly the liquor arsenicalis in his system 
made him despondent and heavy hearted when in the show 
ring ; a gamer-looking and more sprightly appearance 
would certainly have been an improvement. This poor 
dog had not a long reign, and, when his general health is 
taken into consideration, the wonder becomes greater that 
his public reputation was so long sustained. 

Other noteworthy sons of Buffer were Nimrod and 
Gripper, and I am certain that had the first-named been 
kept as he had been reared, his successful career would 
have extended over many years. Gripper, his brother, 
lived until he was seventeen years old, and twelve months 
before his death looked as well and was as fresh and 
lively as many dogs at half his age. How the writer of 
these chapters obtained the fox terriers he once owned and 
showed so successfully, may be interesting and instructive 
to others who would desire to go and do likewise ; though 
perhaps a different procedure as accounted later on would 
be more likely to be successful nowadays, when " cham- 
pions " are not to be purchased for io/. or I5/. a-piece, and 
the best of brood bitches for less than a moiety of either 

70 The Fox Terrier. 

As a commencement it must not be forgotten, that twenty 
years ago there were fewer dog shows than now, fewer 
people who knew a terrier when they saw one, and that 
canine knowledge was comparatively rudimentary. I lived 
in a country town, and had no more than visited a few dog 
shows, the principal ones, however, amongst the number. 
I went, saw, and fancied the fox terrier as he then was, and 
in due course, after obtaining a couple of puppies from the 
same source, which died, got a bitch through the late Rev. 
T. O'Grady, of Hognaston Rectory, Ashbourne. This was 
Riot, by Old Trap Venus, by Old Jock a suspicious 
pedigree to be handed to a novice, but ultimate proceedings 
convinced me of its correctness. 

After sending her over to the Hilmorton Paddocks, near 
Rugby, to be served by Jock II., said to be by Old Jock out 
of Grove Nettle, I had for my pains and expense a litter of 
mongrels, one of which, because it had an " evenly-marked 
black and tan head," I was persuaded to show. However, 
so disgusted was I with my own dog alongside others, that 
I sold him for seven shillings, and, though the entry fee 
and expenses had cost ten times that sum, was told, by one 
who knew, that I had made a good bargain. Purchasing 
Crack (brother to Trimmer), in due course Riot became 
his consort, and the foundation was laid of a strain which, 
I believe, if it had been properly and judiciously kept up to 
the present day, would have been equal to the best. After 
three generations I found that my strain bred fairly truly ; 
prick ears were absent, and any puppy I cared to sell 
easily realised two or three guineas at least, and when 
grown up would turn out by no means unpresentable. 

Some crosses I tried were worse than useless ; thus with 
the Foiler blood, with Rivet, who was by Gadfly from 

Nimrod." 71 

Tricksey, and laying claim to a pedigree quite as long as 
the haughty haberdasher does when he retires from business 
and becomes a county family celebrity ; and with a dog 
named Nugget, brindled marked and the facsimile of Tyke. 
Dew claws " doubly distilled/' brindle marks, upon other- 
wise ugly creatures were produced from them, until I came 
to the conclusion that to breed fox terriers with any 
certainty you must have blood thoroughly reliable. I 
gave a heavily marked puppy away which had been 
produced from another cross I obtained by the 
purchase of Mac II., for his dam, Venom, I had always 
admired, indeed, I almost purchased her from her breeder, 
Mr. F. Chaplin, so long ago as 1869. Then George 
Dickenson, who came from Northumberland, as the head 
gamekeeper at Levens Hall, Westmorland, had sent down 
to him a bitch from the Tynedale, the lemon marked terrier 
already described, which he put to the dark coloured puppy 
mentioned above, bred from Crack and Mabel, a daughter 
of Old Riot. A pup resulted, which was sold when a month 
old for half a crown ! This youngster blossomed into Nellie, 
as good a bitch as ever ran on four legs, though a big one 
for modern fancy, and the dam of Nimrod (undoubtedly the 
best puppy of his year), Gripper, and others I could mention. 
Riot bred a whole host of good ones, including the afore- 
said Mabel, whose temper outside her own family was so 
detestable that she could not be shown. I had her entered 
at one show, but she did nothing but sulk, kept her tail 
between her legs in the ring, got v. h. c., quite as much as 
she deserved under the circumstances, and concluded her 
day out by biting three different people. There was no 
better bitch in her day, and years afterwards she died far 
away in Ireland in the bosom of the same family where she 

72 The Fox Terrier. 

had lived from puppyhood. A bitch named .Olive (not 
Mr. Murchison's excellent animal of that name), Grove 
Ella, Cedric (whose breeder, pedigree, &c., are carelessly 
stated in the Stud Book as unknown, was brother to 
Sally (694) ) ; Viking, Bessie, and Mac III. (afterwards 
Sarcogen), prizewinners and good terriers in other respects, 
were all from the same stock, and thus, with an original 
outlay of 5/. added to the purchase of Crack and Mac II. 
for about 3O/., a fair kennel of fox terriers was got together. 
My dogs were invariably kept in the house, three or four at 
home, the remainder on " board wages " with cottagers and 
working men, who took as much interest in the dogs as 
myself, and so did their wives when they found an extra 
honorarium for the children and new gowns for themselves 
at Christmas time. 

In considering this method of bringing up puppies and, 
indeed, in keeping terriers and small dogs by far the 
best, I by no means stand alone. Most of our principal 
exhibitors now follow the plan, as being less likely to 
promote distemper and other disorders than when fifty 
or a hundred dogs are kept together. Then in the way 
of exercise, the "boarding out" system has many advan- 
tages, and the dogs so reared are more sensible and 
prove better showers and companions than when brought 
up in a kennel. Messrs. Clarke, whose successes with 
their fox terriers will be dealt with later on, adopt a 
similar method, and, with the exception of some few 
favourites kept at home, all their dogs were in the keep- 
ing of cottagers and others, who did well to them, and 
were, of course, suitably rewarded for their pains and 
attention. Breeding generally from some twenty-five 
bitches, Messrs. Clarke had, at one time, at least a 

The Jester Blood. 73 

couple of hundred puppies to select from annually a 
formidable undertaking, no doubt. 

So there is little difficulty in forming a strain of terriers, 
and only professional arrangements caused me to give up 
" dogs " and scatter the results of my few years' expe- 
rience broadcast on the world. Some are knocking about 
this country still, others are in Russia and France, some 
even further away, in the Antipodes and in various parts 
of America, and, properly entered and taken care of, they 
will be sure to do their duty. 

With the establishment of the Kennel Club in 1874, and 
of the Fox Terrier Club two years later, pedigrees came to 
be more reliable, new faces were seen bringing their terriers 
into the ring, and fresh strains came to be produced. Some 
of the old-fashioned blood which Mr. W. Allison and his 
brother-in-law, Mr. T. H. Scott (who contributed various 
articles about terriers to the newspapers under the nom de 
plume of " Peeping Tom"), introduced from Yorkshire, 
did not nick well with other strains, though with Old Jester, 
Jester II. (whose dam was Lord Middleton's Vic, by Old 
Tartar Vic, of the Grove and Lord Middleton's strain), 
and a big bitch called Frantic, the relatives were fairly 
successful. Possibly the two best terriers from this York- 
shire kennel were Fan (already mentioned) and X. L. The 
latter had at one time credentials to pose as one of the 
best of her day, and so good did some judges consider her, 
that she was purchased by them from Mr. Allison at one of 
the Darlington shows for about ioo/. Later, shown by 
Mr. S. Mendal, Manchester, she proved a great winner at 
a period of our history when favouritism in the ring now 
and then ruled the roast. X.L. (sister to Frantic), a tan- 
headed bitch, was born in 1870 ; her breeder's name is not 

74 The Fox Terrier. 

given in the first volume of the Stud Book, but Mr. W. 
Allison bred her through a bitch named Nettle being mated 
to his favourite Jester, who was from Cottingham Nettle. 
The Cotswold favourite was also, about this time, sire of 
another good terrier, Mr. Arrowsmith's Satire, a first-rate 
bitch even amongst first-raters. Both Mr. Allison (who was 
very much interested in race-horses as the managing 
director of the Cobham Stud Company, later a journalist 
on one of our sporting dailies, and at present secretary to 
the National Sporting League) and Mr. Scott were keen 
sportsmen ; they knew a terrier when they saw one, wrote 
nicely to the newspapers, and soon became authorities on 
fox terriers, and judges whenever they were asked to 

Fox terriers were running about the streets of Notting- 
ham forty years ago. I have mentioned that Mr. T. 
Wootton had them, and Mr. White, of Sherwood Rise, 
always kept several smart ones. Strangely, from the same 
old town another and a later strain has reached us. The 
Messrs. Clarke there established a kennel of their own, which 
in many instances presented quite distinctive features. This 
result was achieved by a peculiar, if not altogether an unusual 
course of in-breeding, a plan which, if properly carried out, 
has invariably led to improved " personal " appearance in 
dogs, pigs, horses, and cattle. 

The Messrs. Clarke's chief success was when they bred 
between Brockenhurst Rally and Jess, the latter by Grip 
Hazlehurst's Patch, and the former by Brockenhurst Joe 
Moss II., though the Messrs. Clarke tell me that, strangely 
enough, the blood of one of the puppies with which they 
commenced in 1871, a grand-daughter of Rival, still runs 
through some of their terriers, and at one time they could 

Result. 75 

have put into the ring from twenty-five to thirty dogs of 
all ages, any one of them well worthy of a first prize. 
Time after time, too, they sold some of their favourites, 
and usually appeared to have better to take their places. 
Brockenhurst Rally, after doing yeoman's service both in 
the prize ring and at stud, died in the summer of 1889^ 
leaving a character behind him without a flaw. Result 
remained with them, a black-headed dog of extraordinary 
formation throughout. Some lylb. in weight, though 
modelled like a little cart horse he was full of quality, 
the punishing power of his jaw was extraordinary, and his 
head was of great length and extra good in shape ; his 
eyes were piercingly bright and expressive, though his 
dark markings were sadly against a smart appearance, 
which ,a white blaze down the face would have improved 
much. His ribs, and loins, and back were excellent, so 
were his feet, and legs, and coat. The hypercritical 
found fault with the shape of the top of his head, saying 
it was a little too round ; this was more in appearance than 
in fact, arising from a rather low placement of the ears. 
Up to the time Result retired from the show bench, his 
last appearance being at the Fox Terrier Club's show in 
1888, when he won the challenge cup, he retained all his 
leading characteristics, though for some few months before 
his death, which occurred on the last day of the year 1894, 
he had been quite blind. This good dog was beaten only 
on three occasions, twice by Messrs. Vicary's Vesuvienne, a 
portrait of whom appears on another page in addition to a 
short history of her, and once by his own daughter Rachel. 
However, he survived long enough to turn the tables on 
both his opponents. Altogether he won the fifty-guinea 
challenge cup on eleven occasions, and Result in his day 

76 The Fox Terrier. 

was to my mind the best fox terrier I ever saw. Regent 
was another excellent dog in the Nottingham kennels, and 
that his constitution was of the best may be inferred from 
the fact that in 1894, when twelve years of age, he became 
the sire of a strong and healthy lot of puppies. He died 
at the same time as Result. Raffle, Reckon, and First 
Flight were also far above the average. The bitches 
from the same strain were often lighter in bone than the 
dogs, and not so characteristic. Rachel, already alluded 
to, was a lovely terrier, and the best of her sex the Messrs. 
Clarke ever bred. Money tempted them to send her to 
America, though it is said that at the same time an even 
more liberal offer for Result did not lead to a sale. 
Other specially good bitches of their' s were Radiance, 
Recherche, Rosemary, Richmond Nettle, and Raillery. 
It seems somewhat strange that latterly Messrs. Clarke 
have not produced any terrier of great excellence, 
though they continue to breed from both dogs and 
bitches of pretty much the same strain and with which 
they were so successful half a dozen years or more 
ago. This, of course, goes to prove to how great an 
extent " luck " is connected with dog breeding. 

The late Mr. Fred Burbidge, once captain of the Surrey 
county team of cricketers, in the earlier part of his 
career as an exhibitor, owed his success more to judicious 
purchases than otherwise, and he then owned some very 
good terriers, including Buff, Nimrod, Dorcas, and Bloom. 
From about 1884 to his death, which occurred in 1892, 
Mr. Burbidge proved particularly successful on the bench 
with dogs of his own breeding, which were reared in a 
lovely cherry tree country not far from Watford, Herts. ; and, 
during at any rate a portion of that period, he displayed 

Mr. Burbidge's Sale. 77 

an ability to occupy the high position Mr. J. H. Murchison 
and Mr. Gibson had done years before. Personally, I 
had a strong liking for the class of terriers Mr. Burbidge 
kept, his dogs being especially to my fancy. They were 
not too big, had immense strength of bone for their size, 
and no strain of modern fox terrier could approach his 
best specimens for length and correct shape of head, with 
powerful jaws in proportion. With all this strength and 
muscle there was naturally a tendency to cobbiness, and 
consequent stiffness in action ; but it is possible a genera- 
tion or two of careful selection may remedy these trivial 
defects. The jackets and eyes of all Mr. Burbidge's terriers 
were excellent, and the tan-headed Hunton Prince (once 
shown as Syrup), bred by Mr. T. P. Morgan, was during 
the year 1889, one of the most typical terriers on the 
bench. The breeding of this dog is somewhat interesting, 
his sire, Hyssop, being by Spice, whilst Style, the sire of 
his dam Lady, was by Pickle II. Sample, the latter own 
sister to Nimrod and Gripper. Hunton Baron, though 
heavily marked, was a great favourite of mine, and so 
was the more lightly made Hunton Honeymoon. 

Following the lamented death of Mr. Burbidge, his terriers 
were disposed of by auction by Mr. A. E. Clear at the Agri- 
cultural Hall, Islington, in the spring of 1893, and being the 
most important sale of the kind which has ever taken place, 
the following particulars maybe interesting. Altogether 131 
lots, including puppies, were catalogued, and they realised 
i,8o7/. 6s. 6d., an average of a trifle over i^L i6s. The 
bargains of the sale were, Hunton Baron, who went to 
Mr. Redmond for 3Ogs., and Hunton Honeymoon, secured 
by Mr. J. J. Pirn for 3igs. The top price was I35gs., 
the sum Mr. J. A. Whittaker had to pay for Hunton 


The Fox Terrier. 

Tartar, late Belmont Tartar, and Mr. Kelley gave yogs, 
for the pick of the puppies, Hunton Squeeze, by Hunton 

Bridegroom. The chief lots, with their purchasers, were 

as follows : 


Hunton Billy 

Capt. Keene 


Hunton Baron 

Mr. F. Redmond ... 

.. 30 

Hunton Justice (late Panel) 

Mr. J. C. Stephens 

... 84 

Hunton Bridegroom 

Mr. T. Powell ... 

... 24 

Hunton Beak 

Mr. J. A. Whittaker 

... 20 

Hunton Tartar (late Belmont 


Mr. J. A. Whittaker 

,. IOC 

Hunton Honeymoon 

Mr. J. J. Pirn 


... 31 

Hunton Drift 

Mr. R. Vicary 


Hunton Scrimmage 

Mr. J. A. Whittaker 

... 20 

Hunton Brigantine ... 

Mr. Jolliffe 

... 16 

Hunton Brisk 

Mr. Ellis 

... 36 

Hunton Blackie 

Mr. H. Jones 

... 13 

Hunton Silence II. ... 

Mr. Fallett 

... 13 

Hunton Bee... ... ... ... 

Mr. F. Redmond ... 


Hunton Bride 

Mr. R. Vicary ... 

... i^ 

... 22 

Champion Hunton Surety ... 

Mr. J. H. Kelley ... 

... 41 

Hunton Bliss 

Sir H. F. De Trafford 

... 70 

Hunton Blister 

Mr. G. W. Howard 

... 2O 

Hunton Bee II 

Mr. F. Redmond ... 

... 3 I 

Hunton Barmaid 

Mr. De Hosker ... 

... 18 

Hunton Scramble ... 

Mr. Whittaker ... 

... 65 

Hunton Scuttle 

Mr. J. C. Tinne ... 

... 12 

Hunton Honeycomb 

Mr. E. L. Corrie ... 

.- 2 7 * 

Hunton Honeydew ... 

Mr. R. Vicary 

... 14 

Hunton Blanche 

Mr. Tattersall 

... 20 

Hunton. \^cx 

Mr. R. Vicary ... 

... I 3 

Hunton Comfit 

Mr. Hogg 

... IJ 

Hunton Quantock ... 

Mr. Cowley 

... 28 

Hunton Bout 

Mr. Huntbach ... 

... 2O 

Hunton Chief Justice 

Mr. Whittaker ... 

... 37* 

Hunton Jove 

Mr. T. Powell ... 


Hunton Jostle 

Mrs. Lawrence ... 

... 10 

Hunton Jingle 

Mr. Mansell 

... 14 

Hunton Brawl 

Mr. A. H.Clarke... 

... 10* 

Hunton Task 

Mr. Kelley 

... 36 

Hunton Dulcibelle 

Mr. R. Vicary 

... 12 

Hunton Dulcie 

Mr. A. H. Clarke... 

... 28 

Hunton Janet 

Mr. J. J. Pirn 


Mr. Tinne's Kennel. 79 


Hunton Hush 

Mr. F. Redmond... 

... 20 

Hunton Skittish 

Mr. W. H. Taylor 

... 15 

Hunton Squeeze 

Mr. Kelley 

... 70 

Hunton Justicia 

Mr. R. Vicary ... 

... 20 

Hunton Crazy 

Mr. T. Powell ... 

... 10 

Hunton Briskly 

Mr. Baxter 

... 20 

Hunton Pert... 

Mr. T. Powell ... 

... 17 

Hunton Hebe 

Mr. Kelley 

... 20 

Hunton Scrambler ... 

Mr. Whittaker ... 

... 65 

Hunton Just... ... 

. . Mr Lougest ... 

_ . 

Hunton Best Man ... 

Mr. Lawrence 

... 10 

Hunton Beam 

Mr. Kelley 

... 36 

Hunton Tool... 

Mr. Powell 


Hunton Baron and Honeymoon were afterwards re-sold 
to the no inconsiderable advantage of their purchasers by 

Mr. J. C. Tinne, secretary to the Fox Terrier Club, and 
whilom one of our best and most celebrated amateur oars- 
men, hard by the New Forest in Hampshire, spends his 
leisure amongst his terriers. He has had them for twenty 
years or more, and is usually to be found with from thirty 
to seventy in his kennels, varying of course with the 
time of year. The puppies are mostly out at walk, the 
adults are kept at home, and, although fewer are bred 
during the winter months than in the summer, their pro- 
duction is continued more or less during the year through. 
With so many dogs, and having had his strain so long, 
an unusual list of celebrities may be given as having at 
one time or another been either owned or bred by Mr. 
Tinne, the best of them as follows : Brockenhurst Joe, 
Pickle, Buff, Darkie, Dickon, Brockenhurst Spice (whose 
blood runs in every terrier but one now in the Brocken- 
hurst kennels), Deacon Ruby, Diamond Dust, Diadem, 
New Forest, Hunton Darkie, Newcome, High Spirits, 

80 The Fox Terrier. 

Brockenhurst Tyke, Pendennis, New Forest Ethel, First 
Arrival, Kate Cole, Ethel Newcome, Lyndhurst Vixen, 
Brockenhurst Trinket, &c. 

Perhaps during the past two or three years no one has 
been more successful as an exhibitor of fox terriers than 
Mr. Francis Redmond, of St. John's Wood. Still I must 
confess an inability to appreciate some of his dogs, and in 
type he has been quite inconsistent, the latter perhaps 
because some of his most valuable dogs have come into 
his possession by purchase. For instance the crack 
D'Orsay, bred by Mr. J. W. Toomer near Swindon, was 
bought for about 2oo/., and this dog's success has been so 
phenomenal that I produce, or rather Mr. Arthur Wardle 
produces, his portrait on another page. Since he left 
Mr. Toomer, by whom he had been successfully shown as 
Russley Toff, D'Orsay has never been beaten by one of his 
own sex, and indeed appears to have occupied the position 
Result so well graced a few years earlier. D'Orsay by 
Stipendiary Ruffle II., was born in 1889, since which time 
he has repeatedly won the Fox Terrier Club's challenge 
cup as well as other leading prizes. He weighs tylb., is 
a smart, corky little dog, whose ears are not always 
as well carried as they are in the illustration. I do not 
like the placement of his shoulders, and generally he is 
no favourite of mine, though with one or two exceptions 
I must confess to being alone in this opinion. He is 
a game terrier, and considerable sympathy was felt for 
him when, during the autumn of 1894, in chasing a 
rabbit, he fell over a cliff, breaking one leg and in other 
respects injuring himself so much that it is likely his 
show career is ended. I am correct in stating that Mr. 
Redmond has refused a bona fide offer of 5oo/. for his 

Mr. Redmond's Kennel. 81 

favourite, which, had it been taken, would have proved a 
record price for a fox terrier. A better terrier, so far as 
character is concerned, is Digby Grand, a workman every 
inch of him to look at, and first shown by Mr. G. Raper; 
whilst Dominie, bred by Mr. Twyford, by his dog Pitcher, 
and good enough to win at Birmingham in 1894 when 
nearly five years old, is also characteristic. Mr. Redmond 
likewise purchased a white dog with an unusually long face; 
he called him Despoiler. He was bred by Mr. Owen, of 
Shrewsbury, and shown by him as Belmont Terror. This 
dog, with his small, pig-like eyes, is quite the antipodes 
of the other two cracks Mr. Redmond had in his kennels 
at the same time. A lady exhibitor, Mrs. Lawrence (Mon- 
mouthshire), ultimately became the owner of Despoiler for 
something like 3OO/., at which sum he was no bargain. 
Mr. Redmond has had some fair bitches, the best 
of them perhaps being Dusky Spice, Diamond Dust, 
Dame D'Orsay, and a daughter of Despoiler and Dame 
D'Orsay, called Dame Fortune. The latter made a most 
successful debut at the autumn show of the Kennel Club in 
1894, and followed up this success by winning all before 
her at the Crystal Palace, Northampton, Derby, and 
Birmingham the same year. At the Fox Terrier Club's 
show she not only secured the challenge cup (value fifty 
guineas), but about ioo/. in money likewise, thus estab- 
lishing a double record, for no other fox terrier bitch puppy 
had previously won the cup (Venio had won it as a dog) 
nor had any other smooth-coated fox terrier ever won so 
much money at one show. She is a. smart, level-topped, 
and shapely terrier, and would, we fancy, be the best bitch 
that has been brought out for years but there is an "if" 
if she were more nicely marked and was not so bull-terrier 


82 The Fox Terrier. 

like in colour round the eyes. Her ears are liver or brown 
in colour, and they, with her red-rimmed eyes, mar her 
expression considerably. Still, as being at any rate the 
best bitch of the year, she is reproduced in company with 
her kennel companion D'Orsay. 

Mr. E. M. Southwell (Shropshire), a painstaking and 
careful promoter of the fox terrier's excellence, has from 
time to time introduced many excellent faces. The wall- 
eyed bitch Sutton Viola was a great favourite of mine ; so 
was old Shovel, notwithstanding his bad temper; whilst the 
bitch Surety is about as neat a one as we have seen for 
some time, and, as I anticipated in the first edition of this 
volume, has not been long in working her way into the 
winners' classes. Another good dog of Mr. Southwell's is 
Success, which has lately been purchased by Mr. J. A. 

Undoubtedly one of our oldest admirers of the fox 
terrier, and one of our best all-round judges, is Mr. G. 
Raper, a son of the late Tom Raper, who behind the slips 
with a couple of greyhounds in them, has had no superior. 
At Wincobank, near Sheffield, Mr. Raper has a valuable 
kennel of terriers, as well as of other dogs, but earlier in 
his career he gave pretty much of his attention to the fox 
terrier. Thus he has had many of the best through his 
hands, and in Raby Tyrant and Richmond Olive he owned 
a brace of terriers of the highest class ; indeed, Olive was 
the bitch of her year. However, both were ultimately sold 
to go to America, the former for ioo/., the latter for double 
that sum. Raby Reckon and Raby Mixer have always 
been in the leading rank at our big shows. Delta 
(afterwards Richmond Delta), claimed by Mr. Raper at 
Buxton show in 1884 for ioo/., and afterwards put up to 

More Good Terriers. 83 

auction and bought by him for no/., was supposed to be 
the best bitch of her day, her chief defect being in her 
moderate feet and ankles. At the present time Mr. Raper 
has a number of valuable and good bitches, the best of 
them being Pet Pearl, Sutton Safety, Richmond Sanctum, 
and Greno Jewel, a combination of blood which I should 
say is of peculiar value. 

Mr. J. A. Doyle (Crickhowel), already alluded to as the 
writer of the admirable article on fox terriers in the " Book 
of the Dog/' if he has not succeeded in winning the grand 
challenge cup periodically offered at some leading shows, 
has produced terriers with jackets on them to keep their 
insides warm. Beggarman has a coat to be proud of a 
smooth coat proper, close, and hard, and crisp and strong ; 
one that gives the lie to those who say a thick coat must of 
necessity be soft and fluffy ; and awful jackets have some 
of the minor terriers that occasionally win, such as will 
soak up a shower of rain like a sheet of blotting paper 
would do. Mr. Doyle has likewise shown a number of 
bitches which are pretty well in the front rank, and lately 
he has won with a good young dog called Hesper, which, 
improved in his hind quarters, as he may do, would be at 
the very top of the tree of excellence. 

One of the bad-coated dogs was Mr. Luke Turner's 
(Leicester) Spice, a wonder in head and ears and form, but 
with almost all his tail taken off, and wofully weak in his 
pasterns, both before and behind. He did a lot of winning 
in his time, but doctors differed as to his merits, for I 
remember well enough at one of the Kennel Club shows 
the Rev. Cecil Legard dismissing him without a card. 
Ultimately Spice went to America a three figures sale, but 
did not survive his expatriation long, as one day his kennel 

G 2 

84 The Fox Terrier. 

companions, a team of deerhounds, resenting his British 
bounce, killed him. Mr. Turner has had many better 
terriers, including Patch, a lovely bitch, which, owing to 
the confusion of names prior to the formation of the 
Kennel Club Stud Book, often gets mixed up with others 
of the same name, and thus the credit of her excellence 
has, perhaps, become divided. Delta was another far above 
the average ; so was Richmond Liqueur, though a com- 
parative puppy when she made her debut at the Fylde, 
Lancashire, Show, in July, 1887, where the best judges 
pronounced her to be one of the most perfect terriers 
seen for some time, notwithstanding the fact that her 
tail, like that of Spice, was almost all cut off. Unfortu- 
nately, this promising young bitch died before she could 
make that mark likely to be hers. Richmond Jack was a cast 
off from the Leicester kennels, but some judges liked him ; I 
did not, excepting as an ordinary little terrier for a com- 
panion. His head was quite incorrect in shape. 

If the Leicester Kennels have to survive through an 
individual, the dog to whom that honour will be due is 
the late Belgrave Joe. Belgrave Joe was much of the 
stamp of rare old Chance, but a better terrier in every 
particular, though he never came on to the show bench, 
because in his early years one of his ears was supposed to 
have been tampered with. But Joe's life at Richmond House 
was none the less happy because of the stain, and he lived 
there until old age carried him off to happy ratting grounds 
at the ripe old age of twenty years. I fancy through this 
dog comes most of the Belvoir blood so many persons 
value at the present time, for he was by Belvoir Joe out of 
White Vic, by Branson's Tartar his Vic. Tartar was by 
Mr. Moore's (Appleby Hall) Ruler, from the Donnington 

Belvoir Blood. 85 

huntsman's Fairy, whilst Branson's Vic was by Twister, 
some time with the Quorn, from another Vic that originally 
came from one of Lord Aveland's gamekeepers. This 
was all the so-called working strain ; and when we are told 
that most of these terriers were good-looking to boot, less 
surprise is expressed at the value of their blood to-day. 
It may not be out of place here to say something about 
these Belvoir terriers, which, in the time of the huntsman 
W. Cooper, were bred with some care, as many of the 
earths in that country w r ere strong, and a game dog was 
required to drive the fox from them. The main earth close 
to the Castle was supposed to be quite a sanctuary for a 
hunted fox, until a little dog, named Doc, went under after 
a strong vixen, and bundled her out without very much 
trouble, as the same dog did many others on subsequent 
occasions. Mr. T. H. Scott, near Thirsk, who some years 
ago took particular interest in " Belvoir blood," says he 
was unable to trace the present breed of Belvoir terriers 
further back than some forty-five years ago, when Tom 
Goosey was the huntsman ; but his Tyrant was a celebrity 
in his way, which, later on, went to Sir Thomas Whichcote, 
who, with this assistance, bred Belvoir Venom. Still, there 
is always considerable unreliability about these pedigrees 
of terriers before the Stud Books were published, as 
readers, no doubt, have noticed earlier on. 

It was from such strains as these, then, that our some- 
what impure " Belvoir blood " of the present day was 
produced, and from it came the dog previously mentioned, 
Belgrave Joe, by many admirers supposed to have been the 
most perfect fox terrier ever produced. Be this as it may, 
there is no doubt he was a very first-class terrier, and, at 
any rate, well within the first two dozen champions. Born 

86 The Fox Terrier. 

July 3ist, 1868, bred by John Branson, and purchased 
from him by Mr. Luke Turner, Belgrave Joe, when 
advancing in years and rendered impotent from disease, 
realised 2O/. Previously, on more than one occasion, 
Mr. Turner had offered a hundred pound note for Joe, 
but when he went to Richmond House the prospects 
of his recovery were not great. However, Joe was 
taken into the study, and survived to the good old age 
already mentioned. Weighing about i81b., he had a tan- 
marked head, a white body, and, what I always liked, was 
a trifle high on the legs (terriers are more active when so 
built) ; his neck was a little too short to please some 
fastidious tastes. In other respects he was perfect ; 
shoulders, legs, feet, eyes, character, bone, coat, and form 
all correct ; strong and powerful in his jaw, so admirably 
in keeping with his other proportions, that he appeared 
to be without an atom of coarseness about him. He 
handed his good looks down to some of his sons, grandsons, 
great-grandsons, and great-granddaughters, and at the 
present time there are few of our leading fox terriers that 
have not, on one side or another, some drop or more of 
the old dog's blood coursing through their veins. There is 
an excellent engraving of Belgrave Joe, from the original 
painting by Arthur Wardle, which gives a capital idea of 
what the old dog looked like when past his prime. 

Round about Leicester the " Pickle strain " was at one 
time a favourite, but did not appear to be of much use in the 
long run ; for, although Pickle II. was an unusual success 
at the stud, I fancy he owed this to other dogs rather than 
to Old Pickle himself, who was by Old Trap Fury, said 
to be from Goosey's Belvoir blood. Pickle II., owned by 
Mr. Turner, and later by the Rev. Owen Smith, a short, 

A Devonshire Kennel. 87 

bandy-legged, long-bodied dog, with an unusually long, 
well-marked black and tan head, was by Tyrant IV. 
(brother to Burbidge's Nettle), from Olive (sister to 
Brockenhurst Joe), by Belgrave Joe Tricksy, by Chance 
Ruby, by Old Jock. So what blood could be better ? and 
no wonder Pickle II. proved most successful at the stud by 
siring such dogs as Volo, Deacon Nettle, Daisy, Lady Grace, 
Diamond Dust, Partney Puzzle, Peggotty, and others. 

Devonshire for years celebrated for the sporting pro- 
clivities of its inhabitants has always held some good 
terriers ; probably, however, none so good for work and 
play (showing is play) as are now to be found on Mr. 
Robert Vicary's premises near Newton Abbot. From his 
kennels during the last twenty years many good terriers 
have sprung, animals which not only have been able to hold 
their own on the show bench, but could work underground 
whenever called upon so to do. Veni and Velasquez, were 
far above the average in appearance, but the best of all 
shown by Mr. Vicary is the white bitch Vesuvienne, who 
made a successful debut at the Fox Terrier's Club show at 
Leicester in 1887, and she has had a most successful career 
since, on two occasions beating Result for the fifty-guinea 
challenge cup. Vesuvienne, bred by her owner, a white 
bitch of i6|lb. weight, is a little long in the body, and not 
quite nice behind the shoulders. In other respects there is 
no fault to be found with her, excepting that perhaps the 
absence of markings on her head gives a somewhat bull 
terrier-like appearance, and she is a little cow-hocked. 
Her legs, bone, coat, shoulders, &c., are superb, her loins 
are fairly strong and powerful. But what I like in her best 
is the extra thick growth of hair on the neck, a protection 
which all working terriers should possess. Huntsmen 

88 The Fox Terrier. 

consider her a model ; some good judges think her the 
best terrier ever shown. In gameness, I am told, nothing 
can excel her, but she is, of course, too valuable a piece 
of goods to trust to the by no means tender mercies of 
fox and badger underground. 

In the summer of 1889 another terrier of more than 
ordinary excellence was introduced from Messrs. Vicary's 
kennels viz., Venio, by Vesuvian Venilia. After being 
brought out at a local exhibition in Devonshire, Venio 
was sent to London, where he won in all the classes 
for which he was entered at the Kennel Club's Show, 
in the end securing the challenge cup likewise, the latter 
awarded to the best smooth-coated fox terrier of all 
classes. Venio was then but ten months old, but he 
sustained his reputation later on, when he took most of the 
chief prizes at Birmingham in the winter of the same year. 
A fatality soon after attended his dam, who was run over 
by a baker's cart and killed. The Devonshire men said 
"the loss of this bitch was little short of a national calamity." 
Venio has lasted well, and even as I write, when he is six 
years old, few, if any, younger animals are able to lower 
his colours in the prize ring. Mr. Wardle's drawing of 
this dog is an excellent portrait. 

But the above are not the only high class terriers Newton 
Abbot has produced, and from the commencement, when 
Mr. Vicary formed his kennel in 1872, he has periodi- 
cally sent new terriers to the shows which could more 
than hold their own against all competitors ; even when 
he had sold one of his cracks, Vice Regal, of which 
more in due course. At the Kennel Club spring show 
in 1894 a young dog of Mr. Vicary's, Visigoth, made a 
favourable first appearance, following up its successes at 

Major How and Mr. T. Whipp. 89 

Portsmouth, and elsewhere ; later on being purchased 
by Mrs. Van Walchren, of Holland. I should set this 
dog down as a lucky one, for he is not in the first rank, 
of which Vesuvienne, Vice Regal, Venio, and Result are 
the most popular examples. The bitches from the Devon- 
shire kennels have been likewise well above the average, 
Vicety, Valteline, Viete, and Venilia being particularly 
notable in their way. 

Major How, at Stardens, near Gloucester, has lately shown 
an excellent type of terrier, hardy, game-looking dogs, 
which in many respects remind us of the best of the old 
timers. Modern critics may see in such dogs as Stardens 
King, Stardens Sting, and some others a certain coarseness 
which does not meet their views, but for thorough terriers 
of a hardy and workmanlike appearance these dogs of 
Major How's are second to none. Mr. T. Whipp, of Cold- 
stream, has owned two or three particularly smart terriers 
lately, of which Douglas Jostle, Douglas Driver, and 
Douglas Trinket are good enough for anything; but one 
might go on interminably almost, making notes of these 
minor kennels, of which there are hundreds throughout the 
country; still, this section of the volume cannot be closed 
without more than passing allusion to another kennel 
which has attained distinction since the second edition of 
this volume was printed. 

Attention has been drawn on previous pages to the 
manner in which I contrived to get together a pretty good 
lot of fox terriers twenty years ago. To prove how time 
brings about changes in canine as in other matters, the 
particulars of the formation of Mr. S. J. Stephens' kennel 
at Acton, near London, may perhaps afford some evidence. 
In 1892 the gentleman in question, like so many others 

90 The Fox Terrier. 

who preceded him, set his mind on fox terriers, and deter- 
mined to expend something like 2000 on the formation 
of a suitable kennel of dogs and bitches, and from which he 
would be likely to produce puppies worthy of their ances- 
tors' and of their owner's reputation. At the Fox Terrier 
Club's show at Oxford in November, 1892, he decided to 
purchase, if possible, from Mr. Tinne, who had been unusu- 
ally successful there, the two bitches Kate Cole and Ethel 
Newcome ; from Mr. Vicary, Vicety and Valteline ; and 
from Messrs Castle and Shannon the well-bred Pamphlet. 

The Fox Terrier Chronicle said that " Mr. Tinne was 
first asked what he would take for his couple of bitches, 
and replied 5oo/., Mr. Stephens offered 4oo/. Mr. Tinne 
then altered his mind and withdrew Kate Cole, but said he 
would part with Ethel for I5O/., and two of her puppies by 
Vis-a-Vis. Mr. Stephens made another offer, which was 
accepted. He obtained one puppy of this litter, and a 
second puppy by Stipendiary. At Shrewsbury show Mr. 
Stephens bought Vicety and Valteline from Messrs. Vicary, 
and Pamphlet from Messrs. Castle and Shannon. To Mr. 
Clouting he gave ioo/. for Science, who had won several 
prizes at the Palace, and had beaten Despoiler under Mr. 
E. M. Southwell. The idea then occurred to Mr. Stephens 
that he would like Stipendiary (this dog, as the sire of 
D'Orsay and some others, had made a great reputation at 
stud), so he wired to his owner, Mr. Taylor, of Bridgnorth, 
its price, which was 2OO/., and that sum was promptly paid. 

" Having now obtained nine good bitches and a famous 
stud dog, Mr. Stephens thought he would like a great show 
dog, so he did not leave Mr. R. Vicary alone until he had 
bought Vice Regal for 4yo/. The next purchase was 
Charlton Verdict. At the sale of the late Mr. Burbidge's 

SS A Blank Cheque." 91 

fox terriers in 1893, Hunton Justice was knocked down to 
Mr. Stephens for 84.7. He made himself a limit of 2ooo/. to 
set up this high-class kennel, and when he now totted down 
the cost of his purchases they came to a few pounds under 
i8oo/. He told us himself that the first week he adver- 
tised his stud dogs he received 4O/. in fees." This amount 
is not to be doubted when it is stated that the fee for Vice 
Regal is 10 guineas, and that for Stipendiary 5 guineas! 
With regard to the purchase of Vice Regal, it may be 
interesting to note that it was made under very unusual 
circumstances. Mr. Vicary did not care to part with his 
dog, but Mr. Stephens meant business, and ultimately 
forwarded a blank cheque, with a request that Mr. Vicary 
would fill in the sum he thought the dog was worth, 
which amount would be duly met, and no questions asked. 
Mr. Vicary made the cheque 5OO/., which was to include 
payment for a bitch already purchased for 3O/. Thus 
4yo/. was the sum given for Vice Regal, and this is the 
largest amount ever paid for a terrier of any description, 
and not a bad sum either. 

Since that time Mr. Stephens says he has had no reason 
to regret, even from the purely pecuniary point of view, 
the big investment he made in fox terriers. It has brought 
him a reputation as an exhibitor, has introduced him as a 
judge, and generally provided him with a popularity which 
can scarcely be called dear at the money. So far as the 
product of these good terriers is concerned, the success 
has not proved so great as it might have been, though per- 
haps another year or so ought to be allowed to elapse before 
a decision, adverse or otherwise, can be reached. But it is 
not given to any man to breed a Derby winner at will, or 
a fox terrier champion whenever he wishes to do so. 

92 The Fox Terrier. 

How different this from the manner in which the writer 
and others formed their kennels long years ago ! My 
foundations cost me about 2$l. all told; and from Riot, a 
bitch by Old Trap (or said to be), bought for 5/. ; Crack, 
brother to Trimmer, purchased for i5/.; and the cost of a 
stud fee or two (they were not 5/. and io/. apiece in those 
days), I formed a very fair kennel indeed, and bred terriers 
which did far more than their share of winning, including 
at any rate, a couple of dogs which were about the best of 
their year. Crack I sold for 5/. more than I gave for him,, 
then purchased Mac II. for i6/., he good enough to win 
" the first and cup" at Birmingham in 1871, beating all 
the notabilities of that time; obtained "fresh blood" from 
him, and a certain amount of notoriety in addition. 

But the prices of fox terriers have advanced since that 
day one worth io/. then, would probably bring ioo/. or 
more now, for the reason that more prizes are to be won ; 
and if at Birmingham and other big exhibitions less 
money is offered now than formerly, the specialist club 
shows make up the deficiency with supernumerary prizes 
and special classes. For instance, at the Oxford show 
held in 1892, Mr. Tinne's Kate Cole took 86/. in prizes; 
Messrs. Vicary's (now Mr. Stephens') Vice Regal 6o/., 
and altogether about I2O/. were awarded in prizes to 
the various dogs shown by Mr. Vicary. Previously I have 
noted how Dame Fortune won I5O/. ; other terriers from 
her kennel winning more money, making a grand total 
of not far off 2OO/. at one show. 

One of our best bitches just now is undoubtedly Mr. Dyer- 
Bennet's Lyons Sting, rather over-sized perhaps at least, 
she is said by some to be so still her weight in nice condi- 
tion is but i81b. Bred by her owner (who has refused 2507. 

Lyons Sting. 93 

for her) in July, 1892, by Rowton Warrant from Lyons 
Nettle, she has a black and tan head which is of nice 
character in its expression, and she has good, well-sprung 
ribs, and in front has not that stilty narrowness and upright 
shoulders so many so-called " good " modern terriers 
possess. Her faults are a badly set on stern and plain 
hind quarters, which are more apparent in the ring than 
when she is amongst the rabbits and rats. First shown at 
Cambridge in February, 1893, she won two leading prizes, 
successes which were added to later on, and at the Fox 
Terrier Show at Wolverhampton in November she took 
6o/. in prizes. Up to the end of October, 1894, 
Lyons Sting had appeared at fourteen shows, and in 
twenty-nine classes, in which she secured twenty-six first 
prizes, two seconds, and one third, valued at I44/. js. 4^., 
this not including five cups and four medals. These figures 
are interesting as evidence of what a fox terrier may do 
on the show bench in the way of earning its own living. 
At home Sting is a game and rather quarrelsome bitch ; on 
the show bench and in the ring she is shy and reserved. 

A far greater number of fox terriers are bred now than 
was the case a quarter of a century ago ; indeed, when one 
goes carefully through the monthly registrations made at 
the Kennel Club and published periodically in the official 
gazette, the figures appear to be almost astounding. 

The registration fee is one shilling, but it is not the 
custom to name a dog of any kind until it is fairly well 
grown and appears likely to turn out good enough to keep ; 
so I judge that a fair average to take will be, say, one in 
four born comes to be named and entered at the Kennel 
Club. From 1880 to the middle of 1894, over 21,000 fox 
terriers were registered at Cleveland-row, and assuming, 

94 The Fox Terrier. 

as I have suggested, that one in four born would be 
entered, we have a grand total of 84,000 fox terriers bred 
in a little over thirteen years. This number is, however, 
quite a minimum, for very many more are reared by 
individuals who are not exhibitors who breed dogs for 
hunting and other purposes and who are in happy 
ignorance as to dog shows, registration, and the Kennel 
Club. Taking such into consideration, I should say that 
9000 fox terriers are bred in the United Kingdom each 
year ; and it seems more than passing strange that so few. 
good ones and no perfect specimens are produced amongst 
these thousands. Surely there never was such a popular 
dog, and he, unlike his noble master, does not appear to 
have become spoiled by flattery and by the adulations of 
the wealthy. In manner he remains the same as he always 
was ; his eyes brighten and he springs up to " attention " 
when he hears the cry " Rats ! " now, when he is worth 
2OO/., just as he did when he was a comparative " street 
dog" and worth less than a five-pound note. If in manners 
he has not changed, he has altered somewhat in appearance, 
for now he is a somewhat leggy, flat-ribbed dog, and is, as 
a rule, deficient in expression and character compared with 
what he was in his early days. Still, our leading kennels 
now and then introduce some terrier-like dogs Mr. R. 
Vicary's, Major How's, Mr. Tinne's, Mr. Redmond's, and 
Mr. A. H. Clarke's, to wit. 

Amongst the worthies connected with fox terriers Mr. 
L. P. C. Astley must not be forgotten. For well on to a 
quarter of a century he has been an exhibitor, on many 
occasions a popular judge of the variety, and for several 
years was editor of the Fox Terrier Chronicle. He has not, 
however, of late bred any dogs of particular excellence, 

Noted Breeders. 95 

and perhaps his frequent removals from one district to 
another have been against him as an exhibitor ; still there 
occasionally crop up some terriers better than usual 
bearing the prefix of " Dudley/' this being the name he 
has registered at the Kennel Club. Mr. Astley, like Mr. 
Raper, has judged in New York, where no doubt his name 
is as well known in " fox terrier circles " as it is with us. 

Almost every district in Great Britain contains at the 
present time some one or other who, to the emolument of 
the railway companies more than his own, shows terriers. 
I think a fair list of the leading kennels of smooths has 
already been given, but in addition to those mentioned as 
former or present owners or breeders of smooth-coated 
terriers the wire-hairs shall have a chapter to themselves 
are Mr. W. Arkwright (near Chesterfield), Messrs. Hill 
and Ashton (Sheffield), Rev. C. T. Fisher (Over Kellet), 
Rev. Owen Smith (Southport), the Messrs. Pirn (Ireland), 
Mr. J. B. Dale (Darlington), Mr. Herbert Bright (Scar- 
borough), Mr. C. Burgess (Spilsby), Mr. J. F. Scott 
(Carlisle), Mr. J. C. Coupe (now in Australia), Mr. T. 
Bassett (Surrey), Mr. J. R. Whittle (Middlesex), Capt. 
Openshaw (Lancashire), Mr. A. R. Wood, Capt. Frazer, 
Mr. L. P. C. Astley, Mr. F. Waddington (Durham), Mr. 
Jack Terry (Nottingham), Mr. A. Hargreaves, Mr. J. J. 
Stott (Manchester), Mr. R. Chorley (Kendal), Mr. D. H. 
Owen (Shrewsbury), Mr. A. Ashton (Cheshire), the Hon. 
Gerald Lascelles (Yorkshire), Mr. T. Hopkinson, Mr. 
Joe Forman, Mr. W. Hulse (Nottingham), Mr. F. S. H. 
Dyer-Bennet (Stourbridge), Mr. C. R. Leach (South- 
port), Mrs. E. Lawrence (Usk), Mr. T. B. Sykes 
(Lancashire), Mr. A. W. Emms (Leicester), Mr. J. A. 
Whitaker (Lancashire), Messrs. Castle and Shannon, Mr. 

96 The Fox Terrier. 

E. Powell, jun., Mr. A. Gillett (Lancashire), Capt. T. Keene, 
Mr. E. Attenburgh (London), Mr. W. H. V. Thomas, Mr. 

F. W. Toomer, Mr. J. Denton (Doncaster), Mr. A. C. 
Bradbury (Notts), Mr. F. L. Evelyn, Mr. W. Harrison 
(Ripon), Mr. J. E. Croft, Mr. C. E. Longmore, Dr. Hazle- 
hurst, Mr. J. H. Shore, Mr. Hopkinson (Grantham), &c. 

In the United States of America, Mr. A. Belmont, 
jun., has not only got together a fine kennel, but in 
addition he imported a clever English manager, German 
Hopkins, to look after its inmates, which he did most 
satisfactorily, until he sought a wider range for his abilities. 
The Messrs. Rutherford, New York ; Mr. E. J. Thayer, 
and others in the States and Canada, have followed Mr. 
Belmont's example, whilst Australia and New Zealand 
have proved themselves thoroughly English by their im- 
portations of fox terriers, and in due course we may 
expect to find these colonies throwing down the gauntlet 
to the old country in friendly rivalry on the show bench, 
as they have done with such success in the cricket field 
and on the water. Our French, Belgian, and German 
friends have also taken kindly to the little dog, and at 
many of the continental shows specimens of more than 
average merit are continually met with, and often an 
Englishman is asked over to judge them. Perhaps the 
name of Mrs. Hoogeveen Van Walchren, of the Hague, 
Holland, deserves special mention, for that lady has got 
together an excellent collection of terriers, which she 
is not afraid of pitting against the best of this country, and 
at times this has been done with a considerable amount of 

In America and Canada, pedigree is as highly valued as 
it is here, as will be inferred from the following story : 

A Letter from Philadelphia. 


Some little time ago I received a communication from 
Philadelphia to the effect that my correspondent had 
purchased a fox terrier which unfortunately had no pedi- 
gree. His friends told him that such a dog was quite 
useless even as a rat killer or as a creature to be admired, 
when he did not even know the name of its sire and dam, 
so he would be much obliged to me if I would write 
him out a suitable pedigree for his little terrier. He 
thought one from England would be better than one 
manufactured at home. At the same time the corre- 

o K 


spondent would be pleased if I would hand the pedigree to 
" Mr. Peter Jackson " (at that time in London), for he lived 
only a few doors from the young man who wrote to me. I 
need scarcely tell my readers that " Mr. Peter Jackson " is 
a renowned coloured pugilist, but my dulness prevented me 
seeing the connection between a spurious pedigree and a 
popular " bruiser." 

About sixteen years ago, the late Mr. Edward Sandell, 
an excellent judge of a terrier, writing under the nom de 
plume of " Caractacus," obtained the measurements, with 


98 The Fox Terrier. 

the heights and weights, of some forty of the principal fox 
terriers at that time, and from them struck a general 
average. These measurements were made in accordance 
with the figures on the diagram on the preceding page. 

The averages thus obtained from the forty terriers were 
as follows : 

From tip of nose to corner of eye (AB) 2|in. 

From corner of eye to occiput (BC) 4f in. 

From occiput to shoulder (CE) 5 Jin. 

From shoulder to root of stern (EG) 

Round muzzle under eye (BT) 

Round skull (CT) i2|in. 

Round neck (DS) i 2 |in. 

Round shoulder (ER) 2ojin. 

Round chest (EM) 2o|in. 

Round loins (FL) iSJin. 

Round forehand (Q) 5 in. 

Round pastern (P) 3! in. 

Round hind pastern (I) 2 Jin. 

Height (E to ground) i4iin. 

Hock (J to ground) 4^in. 

Weight according to condition 1 7 to 2olb. 

Rattler, at that time, was in his zenith, and, although 
there was always a coterie around his bench, ready and 
willing to pull him to pieces and run him down, he came 
well through his ordeal of measurement, as the following 
figures show : From A to B 2f in., B to C 3! in., C to E 5Jin., 
E to G I3fin. Round BT yjin., TC I2jin., DS i3in., EM 
2iin., ER 2i|in., FL i6Jin. Round Q 4fin., round P 3iin., 
round I 2fin., J to ground 4|in., weight 2olb., height i5in. 

Buffer, Saxon, General, Diver, Jester II., Bitters, Yorick, 
and Scamp were among the next best measurers. The 
longest headed dog was Sarcogen, who measured Sin. in 
all; he was a 23lb. dog, far too big, and otherwise ungainly 



in shape. His head was not only of this great length, but 
was almost perfect in shape and expression, but he stood 
too high on his legs, had an ugly stern, and was cowhocked, 
a fault inherited from his dam, Mabel, who was by Crack 
Riot, by Old Trap. Mac II. was sire of this well-nigh 
perfect headed dog, and the writer had the pleasure of 
breeding him, he being of the same litter as Cedric, Sally, 
and Bessie, to which allusion has already been made. 

Now, although I do not for a moment believe that certain 
measurements can constitute a perfect terrier, such may, 
perhaps, be the means of giving some would-be exhibitors 
a little insight into what they are about to undertake. Now 
that the above figures have been reproduced, it will be at 
any rate interesting to see how they compare with some of 
our leading celebrities of the present era, viz., Mr. A. H. 
Clarke's well-known dog Result, Mr. Vicary's equally 
celebrated bitch Vesuvienne, his Venio, and Mr. F. S. H. 
Dyer-Bennet's very good bitch Lyons Sting. 



3 in. 

5 in. 




CT lofin. 

DS lojin. 

ER 18 in. 

EM iSJin. 

FL i<ain. 

Q ... 



E to ground 

J to ground 

Weight i61b. 


3 m - 
2 Jin. 


AB 2|in. 

BC 4jin. 

CE 8 in. 

EG ii in. 

T">T* /C 1 *.~ 

BI o^m. 

CT 10 in. 

DS 10 in. 

ER 1 8 Jin. 

EM 18 in. 

FL (round waist) ... 12 in. 

Q 4fin. 

P 2|in. 

1 2jin. 

E to ground 1 4 Jin. 

J to ground 4 Jin. 

Weight i6|lb. 

H 2 


The Fox Terrier. 

AB 3i m - 


BC/ 4'jift' 



CE 8 in. 



EG 1 2 Jin 

EG . . 

BT. 7fin. 


i in 

CT ii in. 


1 1 Jin 

DS ioiin 


i i^in 

ER 19 in 



EM 19 in 


FL i5~Hn 


i ^^in 

O . S in. 


P 3zin. 



*/ 4- 

I 3? m - 



E to ground 15-^in 

E to ground 


J to ground 44"i n - 

T to ground 



Weight .. ..iolb. 

Weight i81b. 

These measurements of four of our best modern terriers 
compare very favourably with those of a dozen or so years 
ago, and especially so far as the heads are concerned. As 
to Result, his owner tells me that the length of the head is 
actually yjin., but in the two measurements he comes out 
8in., through taking the tape from eye to occiput across 
the skull, which is 5in. ; length of nose, 3m. Mr. Sandell, 
when he compiled his figures, did not include any bitches, 
so, her sex taken into consideration, Vesuvienne comes out 
even better, and, when I state that the measurements 
of Venio were taken when he was six years old, and 
that he is the heaviest terrier of the batch, his figures are 
also excellent. Lyons Sting likewise comes out of the 
ordeal of figures satisfactorily, and I am sure that all 
admirers of the fox terrier will, as I do, thank Messrs. 
Clarke, Mr. Vicary, and Mr. F. S. H. Dyer-Bennet for the 
trouble they have taken in obtaining the measurements. 

Judging (?) 

I suppose there is little necessity ^ta^x^rhmd^aity' 6? "toy 
readers, that even if they do possess a fox terrier with a 
head y^in. in length, that stands I4^in. in height from the 
ground to the shoulders, and weighs i61b., they do not, of 
a certainty, own a champion. Possibly, when this volume 
has been carefully perused, any uncertainty its readers 
have possessed as to the merits of their favourites may 
have been removed. 

So much for figures alone. If one cannot select the best 
animals by means of numerals, can we do so by the means 
of points, or by any process at all ? Points by which to 
judge are well enough in theory, but sadly out of place in 
practice, being wearisome, and thoroughly uncertain, for it 
is quite as much a matter of opinion as to how many points 
may be given for a certain property, as it is of the general 
excellence of the animal. One judge will say, " That 
dog has a good head," and award the complement 
of points accordingly ; another will say, " No, his head is 
not perfect, it is too thick or too narrow (as the case may 
be) round the skull," and he only awards three-fourths of 
the full number of points, and so the thing goes on. The 
British public like figures, and there is a show of learning 
about tables which is, however, rather apt to lead people 

A few years or so ago the editor of the Fox Terrier 
Chronicle endeavoured to find out the ten best terriers 
by the aid of his readers^an ingenious and interesting 
device ; but even he and the instigators of his idea did not, 
I fancy, find perfection in arriving at the result sought to 
be achieved. Each reader of the journal in question was 
allowed to give one vote each for the ten fox terriers he 
thought to be the best. In the end forty-one papers were 

102 \ ,- 1 Th$ -Fox Terrier. 

duly, led^ in. arid: sig&efcL^ These included the names of 
sixty-seven dogs, and at the head of all came the bitch 
Dorcas, for whom thirty-seven individuals voted ; Mr. Luke 
Turner's favourite, Spice, followed with thirty-five ; Mr. 
Murchison's old bitch, Olive, being third on the list with 
thirty-four. Then came Buffet, thirty -three ; Result, thirty- 
one ; Richmond Jack, seventeen ; Lucifer, seventeen ; 
Richmond Olive, sixteen ; Richmond Liqueur, sixteen ; 
Nettle, fifteen ; and Belgrave Joe, fifteen. Such excellent 
animals were behind these as Rachel, Rattler, Sutton Veda, 
Brockenhurst Sting, Brockenhurst Joe, Jock, Nectar, Foiler, 
The Belgravian, Tyrant, Fussy, Pincher, Bedlamite, Regent, 
Grove Nettle, Hornet, and Bloom. Whilst Tartar, Chance, 
Tyke, Nimrod, X.L., May, Sam, Old Trap, Bellona, Hazle- 
hurst's Patch, Diamond, to my idea, considerably better 
than at least four of the selected ones, with a host of others 
I could name nearly or quite as good, never obtained a 
vote at all ! Neither Vesuvienne or Dame Fortune had 
made a public appearance at the time the plebiscite was 
taken, so were not affected thereby. 

A perusal of these figures and names sets one a-thinking. 
Surely the forty-one voters must have been sadly partial to 
one strain, or at any rate peculiarly forgetful of the past, 
and twenty years is not far to hark back, and, lolling in a 
cosy chair, reproduce to our minds the mighty champions 
which made the name of the fox terrier famous in every 
household. Did those who gave a line to Belgrave Joe 
ever remember hearing of a dog called Chance, Joe's very 
image without the bar sinister the mutilated ear entailed ? 
Did the seventeen responsible citizens who ventured their 
opinions for Lucifer ever hear of Tyrant, a better dog in 
every way than the Rev. C. T. Fisher's whilom favourite ? 

A Jury of Experts. 103 

And so could one go on. Richmond Jack, a cast-off from 
the Leicester kennels, obtained seventeen votes ! Tartar 
and Nimrod were worth a score of him, and fairly and 
squarely judged could beat him any day in the week. 
Surely, then, we should require a jury of experts to select 
the ten best smooth-coated fox terriers that have been 
before the public during the last quarter of a century. 

Good as Belgrave Joe no doubt was, he could not be one 
of these, for he was never exhibited on the bench. Com- 
paratively few persons ever saw him in the flesh, and his 
reputation cannot be lowered by being omitted from the 
list. The jury of experts is not at hand, so as far as in 
my power lies I will arrogate their supposititious duty to 
myself, and simply say that I consider the following are the 
ten best fox terriers I ever saw. At the head of all Result 
shall be placed, and then come Old Jock, Chance, Tyrant, 
Dorcas, Buffet, Olive, Richmond Olive, Rachel, and Rattler, 
But one half of these are amongst the selected by the 
" gallant forty-one," and I venture to say that not a single 
individual out of that odd number will have the temerity to 
say that the Fox Terrier Chronicle's list is a better selection 
than mine. 

The ten dogs I have named were, or are, all-round good 
ones, neither too big, nor too little, nor, so far as I am 
aware, do they bear any brand which would prevent them 
occupying the highest position on any show bench in the 
world. Pincher I would have included, but he had but one 
eye when I saw him, and Tyke's brindled patch debarred 
him, in my humble opinion, from figuring amongst the 
" immortals." Spice had a soft coat, and no tail to speak of ; 
Richmond Liqueur had the latter defect almost intensified, 
and was but a puppy when she died ; Richmond Jack's head 

104 The Fox Terrier. 

and face were quite out of shape when compared with those 
a perfect fox terrier should possess. Lucifer is not class 
enough to be included, but I am not quite so certain about 
Nettle, and little harm would be done were she one of my 
selections. However, on the previous page is the list I 
have been asked to compile, and I believe it contains the 
names of the ten best fox terriers Lever saw up to a certain 
date i.e., so far as the show ring is concerned. Their 
credentials by mountain and meadow may form another 
theme. If they were not " workmen " in the usual sporting 
acceptation of the term, I can only say their looks belied 

Of course, since the Chronicle's list was compiled many 
good terriers have been produced, and the names of most 
of them have already been mentioned. I should say that 
since that time the six best fox terriers have been, or are, 
Vesuvienne, Venio, D'Orsay, Lyons Sting, Dame Fortune, 
and Vice Regal. 

All I have written must surely convey an impression that 
at the present time the smooth-coated fox terrier is the 
most popular quadruped ever existent. There is a magazine 
or newspaper published each month called the Fox Terrier 
Chronicle, established as far back as March, 1883 ; there 
are at least ten fox terrier clubs in being, and every other 
man you meet in the street considers himself a right good 
judge of the variety. Who would ever have thought all 
this could have sprung from the few fox terriers shown at 
Birmingham less than thirty years ago ; but time works 
changes, and no one can tell how the fancy dog may be a 
quarter of a century hence. 

There will always be a great difference of opinion as to 
the respective merits and otherwise of any terriers, for 

Variety in Type. 105 

even in doggy matters it sometimes occurs that what is 
" one man's meat is another man's poison." This was so 
in our early days when there was, perhaps, quite as much 
difference in type as there is at the present time. I have 
drawn attention to the weedy, light boned, ill-tempered, 
but gaudily coloured, black-and-tan headed Trimmer, yet 
when he was winning all before him for Mr. Murchison 
(who, by the way, had paid far into " three figures" for 
the little dog) there were other terriers in the same 
kennel which were as unlike the " champion" as possible, 
and it is quite likely that their blood and breeding were 
similarly diverse. 

Animals like Turco, Renard, and Vandal were all over- 
sized, and not very far removed from bull terriers in 
appearance. Still they were brought under certain judges 
who considered them fox terriers pure and simple, and 
awarded them honours as such. The gentlemen who 
officiated in those days could easily enough be numbered 
on the fingers of one hand, and the " specialist reporter" 
was not so advanced and independent in his opinions as, 
for the most part, he is to-day. A quarter of a century 
ago all kinds of awards might be made and no one say 
them nay, and perhaps the judges would write the reports 
to the Field and other papers themselves, but without 
appending their names thereto, as is the custom with those 
who produce the critiques in the Kennel Gazette now. 

Perhaps, after all, there would be an unpleasant simi- 
larity in the fox terrier if each animal were precisely the 
same in type, character, and appearance as its neighbour. 
In any case it would be somewhat monotonous for the 
judge, who would thus have to decide between individuals 
only so far as straight well-formed limbs, neatly dropping 


The Fox Terrier. 

ears, and general symmetry are concerned. I am some- 
what of a stickler for type and character myself, but, until 
it is found that we ourselves are produced and grow 
similar to each other in appearance, stature, and general 
shape, we can scarcely expect the common terrier, even 
though he is a fashionable beauty, to differ from us in that 


BY MR. DOYLE. _ 00> ^ (><> _ 

1HOSE who desire to see the fox terrier as he is or 
ought to be, have had their wishes gratified by 
the portraits of Result and Vesuvienne, of Venio 
and of Lyons Sting, of D'Orsay and the young bitch 
Dame Fortune, on preceding pages. All have already 
been described, and my opinion as to their respective 
merits is pretty well known. Result is my favourite, 
and when he first appeared in public I pronounced him 
such an extraordinary dog that his like would not be 
seen for many years. His owners believed the same, and 
the correctness of the opinions then expressed has been 
amply borne out. It is only natural for the Devonshire 
men and Mr. R. Vicary to believe their bitch to be the 
better of the couple, and. there are two or three exem- 
plary judges who agree with them. 

Venio is likewise a very good dog ; he has attained 

108 The Fox Terrier. 

champion honours, and he " wears " well. Lyons Sting, 
though perhaps not so well known as the others, is 
undoubtedly a bitch of very high class, and, to my mind, 
one of the two best of her sex which have appeared on 
the show bench during 1893-4. D'Orsay, by his suc- 
cesses for so many years, claims a right to appear in 
these pages ; so does his more juvenile kennel companion 
Dame Fortune, because she was the best bitch of 1894, 
and the only smooth-coated bitch puppy that has won 
the 5O-guinea challenge cup. However, the portraits of 
all are good, and my readers can make their own selec- 
tion, compare the old style with the new, and, when 
they have done so, perhaps interest may be found in 
bringing any or all of them alongside the description and 
points of the smooth fox terrier as drawn up and adopted 
by the Fox Terrier Club. These are as follows : 


i. HEAD. The Skull should be flat and moderately 
narrow, and gradually decreasing in width to the eyes. 
Not much " stop " should be apparent, but there should be 
more dip in the profile between the forehead and top jaw 
than is seen in the case of a greyhound. 

The Cheeks must not be full. 

The Ears should be V shaped and small, of moderate 
thickness, and dropping forward close to the cheek, not 
hanging by the side of the head like a foxhound's. 

The Jaw, upper and under, should be strong and 
muscular. Should be of fair punishing strength, but not 
so in any way to resemble the greyhound or modern 
English terrier. There should not be much falling away 
below the eyes. This part of the head should, however, 

Points. 109 

be moderately chiselled out, so as not to go down in a 
straight line like a wedge. 

The Nose, towards which the muzzle must gradually taper, 
should be black. 

The Eyes should be dark in colour, small, and rather deep 
set, full of fire, life, and intelligence ; as nearly as possible 
circular in shape. 

The Teeth should be as nearly as possible level, i.e., the 
upper teeth on the outside of the lower teeth. 

2. NECK. Should be clean and muscular, without 
throatiness, of fair length, and gradually widening to the 

3. SHOULDERS. Should be long and sloping, well laid 
back, fine at the points, and clearly cut at the withers. 

CHEST. Deep and not broad. 

4. BACK. Should be short, straight, and strong, with 
no appearance of slackness. 

LOIN. Should be powerful and very slightly arched. 
The fore-ribs should be moderately arched, the back ribs 
deep ; and the dog should be well ribbed up. 

5. HIND QUARTERS. Should be strong and muscular, 
quite free from droop or crouch ; the thighs long and 
powerful ; hocks near the ground, the dog standing well 
up on them like a foxhound, and not straight in the 

6. STERN. Should be set on rather high, and carried 
gaily, but not over the back or curled. It should be of 
good strength, anything approaching a " pipe-stopper " tail 
being especially objectionable. 

7. LEGS. Viewed in any direction must be straight, 
showing little or no appearance of an ankle in front. They 
should be strong in bone throughout, short and straight in 

110 The Fox Terrier. 

pastern. Both fore and hind legs should be carried 
straight forward in travelling, the stifles not turned out- 
wards. The elbows should hang perpendicularly to the 
body, working free of the side. 

FEET. Should be round, compact, and not large. The 
soles hard and tough. The toes moderately arched, and 
turned neither in nor out. 

8. COAT. Should be straight, flat, smooth, hard, dense, 
and abundant. The belly and under side of the thighs 
should not be bare. 

COLOUR. White should predominate ; brindle, red, or 
liver markings are objectionable. Otherwise this point is 
of little or no importance. 

present a generally gay, lively, and active appearance ; 
bone and strength in a small compass are essentials ; but 
this must not be taken to mean that a fox terrier should be 
cloggy, or in any way coarse speed and endurance must 
be looked to as well as power, and the symmetry of the 
foxhound taken as a model. The terrier, like the hound, 
must on no account be leggy, nor must he be too short in 
the leg. He should stand like a cleverly-made hunter, 
covering a lot of ground, yet with a short back, as before 
stated. He will then attain the highest degree of propelling 
power, together with the greatest length of stride that is 
compatible with the length of his body. Weight is not a 
certain criterion of a terrier's fitness for his work 
general shape, size, and contour are the main points ; and 
if a dog can gallop and stay, and follow his fox up a drain, 
it matters little what his weight is to a pound or so. 
Though, roughly speaking, it may be said he should not 
scale over 2olb. in show condition. 

More Figures. Ill 


1 . Nose, white, cherry, or spotted to a considerable extent 
with either of these colours. 

2. Ears, prick, tulip, or rose. 

3. Mouth, much undershot or overshot. 

The above points and descriptions, though carefully 
drawn up by a consensus of authorities, are somewhat con- 
fusing, especially where it is stated the teeth should be as 
nearly level as possible and strong, for later on in the 
disqualifying points we are told that, only for being " much 
undershot or overshot" should disqualification take place. 
Ninety-nine judges out of a hundred will disqualify a dog 
however little undershot he may be, and quite right too ; 
instances where they have not done so have only occurred 
where the judge has failed to notice the defect. Terriers a 
little overshot or " pig-jawed" are not so severely treated, 
though, of course, a perfectly level mouth is an advantage. 

The Club has not issued a numerical scale of points 
specially for the smooth variety, and, although judging 
thereby I believe to be a fallacy, because there is likely to 
be as much difference of opinion as to the number of points 
to be allowed separately as collectively, the following 
apportionment is to my idea about correct, although it 
differs somewhat from those published by other writers. 

Head, jaw, and ears value 20 

Neck ... ... 5 

Shoulders and chest 10 

Back and loin ... 10 

Stern and hind-quarters ... ,, 10 

Legs and feet ... ... ,, 15 

Coat 10 

Size, symmetry, and character 20 

Grand Total . 100 

112 The Fox Terrier. 

Since compiling the above list I had handed to me the 
numerical points as arranged by Mr. W. Allison in 1879, at 
a time when he was one of our chief authorities on the fox 
terrier, and repeatedly officiated in the capacity of judge. 
His arrangement was as follows : 

Head ... ... ... ... value 15 

Neck 5 

Shoulders and chest ... ... ,, 15 

Back and loin 10 

Quarters ... ,, 5 

Stern, &c 5 

Legs and feet 20 

Coat ... ... ... ... 10 

Character ... ... ... 15 

Grand Total ... 100 

At the risk of "over-describing" our popular friend, I 
venture to give a " prize description " of the fox terrier, 
written by Mr. E. Welburn, of Beverley, and which gained 
for him the ^5 honorarium offered by the proprietors of the 
Fox Terrier Chronicle, the proprietors being the Fox 
Terrier Club : 

" The fox terriers are in two varieties, viz., smooth- 
coated and wire-coated, and, with this exception, they are 
one and the same dog. The HEAD should be long with level 
narrow skull, the under jaw deep, flat, and of sufficient 
length so that the teeth are level in the mouth, the EYES 
well set and of deep hazel colour, with a keen determined 
expression, the face should be well filled in under the eyes, 
and carrying the strength fairly well to the muzzle end ; 
EARS small, V shaped, and of fair strength, set well on the 
head and dropping down forward, with the points in a 
direct line to the eye ; the NECK should be of fair length, 

A Pithy Description. 113 

clean under throat, gradually strengthening and gracefully 

set into the SHOULDERS, which should be long and well laid 

back, finishing clean and fine on the top ; the CHEST narrow 

and brisket deep, with elbows placed well under ; the FORE 

LEGS should be absolutely straight, with good strong round 

bone carried right down to the FOOT, which should be short 

with well raised toes; the BACK short with strong loin, the 

ribs should go well back, be deep and well sprung, the set 

on of stern should be rather high and gaily carried, the 

full strength of the tail to be carried out from the set on to 

the end, and not curl or come too much over the back ; the 

HINDQUARTERS strong and muscular, free from droop : 

thighs long and of fair breadth, with stifles not too straight 

and hocks near the ground ; the movement of the dog 

should be level and straight all round, and free from swing 

on the elbows or twirl of the hocks, the character of the dog 

greatly depending on his appearance, which must be smart 

and sprightly, full of determination, at the same time clean 

in finish, with a workmanlike and gentlemanly appearance 

combined; the COAT of the smooth variety should be straight 

and flat, lying very close, dense and hard, whilst the wires 

should have one under coat and an overcoat of strong wiry 

hair, which should handle like bristles ; the WEIGHT of dogs 

should not exceed iSJlb. and bitches i6lb. ; the COLOUR 

most desirable being black and tan marked head, with 

white body, this colour gives the dog a more hardy look 

than either tan or lemon markings." 

Little additional is there now to be said as to the smooth 
fox terrier, and my general experience of him as a dog is, 
that properly trained and entered he cannot yet be beaten. 
Of course there are soft-hearted fox terriers as there are 
pointers and setters that may be gun-shy, but such are as 


114 The Fox Terrier. 

much the exception in one case as the other. That he is 
so little used in actual fox hunting is a matter to deplore. 
Some time ago when reading that volume of the Badminton 
library which deals with hunting, I was mightily surprised 
to see so little allusion to terriers. Yet the writer, the 
Duke of Beaufort, is a hunting man, one who loves to 
hear his hounds " singing " in their kennels at night, and is 
never so happy as when the favourite flowers of his pack 
are making it warm for bold reynard across the meadows 
of the Midlands. Terriers are only mentioned three times 
throughout the volume in one place where they are 
recommended as assistants to harriers when trying along 
a hedgerow; again, as likely to be useful to the earthstopper; 
and on a third occasion as requisites for otter hunting. 
This neglect notwithstanding, a good fox terrier can still 
be useful in driving a fox from a drain, and our modern 
strains may do their duty as well as the best that ever ran 
between John o' Groats and Land's End. When once 
properly entered, a fox terrier never seems happy until he 
gets it the fox driven from his lurking place under- 

Most of the modern kennels scarcely contain a soft- 
hearted terrier, and many of these terriers are regularly 
trained, broken to- ferrets and rabbiting, whilst some few 
are seen hanging at the skirts of hounds to follow their 
legitimate avocation. Mr. Vicary will tell us of some of 
their work in Devonshire ; in Westmoreland I had terriers 
which were as good as his, though my experience gave me 
the impression that a really hard season with otter hounds 
was more than a smooth-coated modern fox terrier could 
stand. A little dog I had, Tom Firr by name, so-called 
after that well-known huntsman, and because the terrier's 

With Otter Hounds. 115 

dam was Spruce, was well tried; he ran with the Kendal 
otter hounds at least two seasons, and kennelled with them 
too. The cold streams of the north, running for the most 
part over and through limestone, were too much for 
him at times ; and, though an extraordinarily, sturdily- 
made, great-boned little fellow, he had often to be carried 
at the end of a hard day. He was keen, too keen, for 
he would swim with the hounds like one of themselves, 
and was, perhaps, knocked up when his proper duties were 
only about being required. All terriers should be kept in 
a leash whilst hounds are running, and their strength 
reserved until the time comes for them to go to ground. 
They may have hard work to drive a fox, certainly such is 
before them if the otter has reached his stronghold. The 
otter, too, requires more than barking and baiting to drive 
him, and I have had smooth terriers that would stay with an 
otter till the roll-call, baying him all the time and showing 
his whereabout, but never fighting him and driving their 
antagonist into the open. The terrier just alluded to was 
quite five hours at an otter under a harbour of roots, the 
only one out with hounds that day that would really go to 
ground. There he yelped and barked himself hoarse, and, 
do what the hunters would, the otter would not budge 
even jumping on the ground overhead w r as not sufficient to 
stir him. Then a messenger was sent a distance of four 
miles or more for another terrier, which, arriving fresh on 
the scene, in due course, sniffed into the hole, waggled his 
tail, went out of sight, and in five minutes a great otter 
bolted, both terriers, amid loud tally-ho's, following their 
game into the pool, where, after a fine swim and hunt, he 
was in due course killed. I have seen fox terriers bark rats 
out of a tree root, and even out of a hole, and my old bitch 

I 2 

116 The Fox Terrier. 

Riot was a curiosity in this way, for she would stuff her 
nose into a hole or opening of any kind, and there give 
tongue loudly enough almost to rouse the Seven Sleepers. 
Anyhow she usually alarmed the rats, which plumped into 
the water and were then soon killed. She was as quick as 
lightning at this game, and in the sport of boyhood's days 
she quite broke the heart of a favourite bull terrier of mine, 
also a keen rat hunter, by killing every one before he could 
get near them. This went on so long and to such an extent 
that the bull terrier ultimately refused to hunt at all when 
Riot was present, and so he was sent away. As a watch 
dog in a Lancashire warehouse I am told he did not prove 
a success. 

Riot I had well-nigh lost, and when she was heavy in 
pup too. We had a few rats in the cellar at home, and 
the old bitch was fond of watching for them as they came 
out of a small hole in the wall. She had been missed for 
an hour or so, and going down into the aforesaid cellar 
there was the terrier with her head tightly jammed in a hole 
so small that one would wonder how even a rat could get 
through. There the poor thing was as fast as possible, and 
I had sent one of the servants for a neighbouring mason to 
bring his hammer and tools to free her, when just before 
his arrival I managed to get her released. She had, no 
doubt, rushed with such force and at so great a pace to- 
wards a rat disappearing in the hole that her head became 
jammed as we found it. Luckily Riot, excepting for some 
slight abrasions, was little the worse for her accident, and 
I need scarcely say that " hole in the wall " was carefully 
plastered up. 

Of course there are some terriers that will take more 
naturally to work than others, but any of mine, when once 

Gedling Tidy. 117 

they got to go underground, could scarcely be kept above 
the surface. The son of old Brockenhurst Rally, who 
distinguished himself during a run with the Belvoir two 
seasons ago, must have been one of the precocious variety. 
He was only about seven months old when the above 
hounds ran a fox to ground in a drain near to where the 
puppy (belonging to the Messrs. Clarke), was being 
reared. Without any preparatory lesson, when asked to 
do so, the pup speedily followed reynard through all the 
sinuosities of a long drain, ultimately bolting him, and this 
much to the delight of the field. Mr. A. H. Clarke also tells 
me that some few years ago he had a tan marked bitch, 
" Gedling Tidy," who ran for seven seasons with the South 
Notts hounds, and was so staunch to fox that she would 
never look at ground game of any kind. By no means 
was it unusual for this bitch, when hounds were at fault, to 
work out a cold line, and actually lead the pack across the 
first field, when, scent becoming warmer, of course the 
hounds soon left their little friend in the rear. 

No doubt Tidy was a bitch far beyond the ordinary 
standard, and when she died she bore the hall-marks of her 
excellence. Still, any one who has kept and worked 
terriers will be able to enlarge upon equally doughty deeds 
their favourites have accomplished. I was once offered a 
good looking bitch, whose excellences were pointing 
partridges and retrieving them when shot. Some of my 
own have often been found useful on a grouse moor late 
in the season, working within twenty yards, and preventing 
the sly old cocks running back and getting up with a 
11 whirr " and a " beck-beck " behind you. Many a 
pheasant, too, has my little white dog Grip found ; and 
to see his stumpy tail going from side to side was a 

118 The Fox Terrier. 

certain sign that game was about. This same terrier, 
though taking water freely, did not care about leaping 
from a bank. A cock pheasant, to a " neat right " of a 
friend of mine, had fallen into the river, at that time 
running in flood and at a great pace. Grip was there on 
the bank, and leaning down I let him drop some four feet 
into the stream. He knew where the " longtail " was 
floating away sea-wards, and, striking out, soon had him in 
his jaws. It was hard work with such, a mouthful making 
his way against the current, but, swimming by the side, he 
came up to me, and, leaning over, I took the bird from him 
and then lifted the clever little dog on to terra firma. 
Shaking himself and being caressed for his excellent per- 
formance, he was not long before he was bustling the 
rabbits about in a thick and prickly piece of covert. A 
modern smooth-haired fox terrier will do duty of any kind 
equally as well as any other terrier, if properly trained and 
brought up so to do ; but for work in the rain and water, 
labourers' rough duty in fact, he will not be found so hardy 
as the cross-bred animal of some of the best strains. 

Time after time has it been stated that the " show dog " 
is a fraud when he has to earn his living in driving foxes 
and killing vermin. Possibly he may be so, for an owner 
with a terrier worth a couple of hundred pounds is scarcely 
likely to run any risk with him. In an earth he may be 
smothered by a fall of soil or crushed by some displace- 
ment of rock ; and in killing the largest descriptions of 
vermin, foulmarts and the like, his ears may be split and 
his face torn. If scars on the latter do give an appearance 
of gameness, they do not enhance his beauty, and, after 
all, the latter goes a long way on the show bench. A 
commoner and less valuable dog will do the work equally 

Quite Satisfactory. 119 

well, and if he be killed or maimed no great loss results 
to his owner, such as would arise on a champion's 
destruction. Still he will always kill his rat and hunt his 
rabbit, and what pleasanter occupation can he have ? Now- 
adays the fox terrier has his chief value as a " show dog/' 
and his breed is not sustained with so much care as formerly 
for the sole purpose of driving the otter from his hold and 
the fox from his earth. His money worth is great, he is a 
pleasing animal as a companion, and, let his detractors say 
all they can and do what they may, I for one cannot believe 
that the popularity of the fox terrier is likely to wane 
and no dog is healthier and easier to rear, more certain 
to live to a good old age, and give satisfaction both as 
companion and guard to his owner and to his owner's 
goods. His sprightliness and handsomeness have made 
him a fashionable beauty, his agreeable disposition and 
good temper enable him to sustain his position and perform 
his role satisfactorily, and doing so he may well be left for 
the present. 

Mr. Robert Vicary, who will be recognised as one of our 
foremost judges and the owner of Vesuvienne, Venio, and 
other noteworthy terriers, supplies the following interesting 
notes, and it is gratifying to find the opinions already 
expressed by me, so fully borne out by him. 

" As you must first catch your hare before you can cook 
him, so it is necessary, in this case, to look round at those 
puppies you have at walk, which should be well out in the 
country, where the youngsters, able to prepare for a life of 
some hardship, are founding a constitution which will be 
necessary for the work with hounds. Select those the size 
required for the country they will work, for different districts 
require different sizes, and give preference to those which 

120 The Fox Terrier. 

have good legs and feet, good neck and shoulders, back 
and loins, and above all possess a thoroughly hard texture 
of coat and a thick skin. A stern too gaily carried is to be 
avoided ; I have rarely found dogs with sterns so carried of 
staunch courage ; and avoid a shallow-ribbed tucked-up 
youngster. Having selected suitable-looking puppies fully 
thirteen or fourteen months old, let them go into the fox- 
hound kennels, June or July is the best time, the dogs with 
the dog hounds, and the bitches with the lady pack. They 
will now have daily exercise out with the hounds, and get 
used to running with them in an orderly manner before 
cubbing commences. The huntsman, too, will have several 
opportunities of giving the terriers a turn in some earths or 
drains that can be run through without mischief. During 
the first season too much must not be expected in cases 
where terriers run ; it takes time to accustom them to the 
country, and to be well up when w r anted. Still I have 
known many that have entered promptly, and bolted their 
fox on the first opportunity, and also some that have been 
of no practical service until their second season, when they 
have turned out the very best. 

" As regards badger work, I prefer a two-year-old, and 
merely take out a couple of novices when working old 
hands. The former listen, and when the fun begins in 
earnest, one of the right sort soon shows that he is desirous 
of joining in the fray. If the earth be large enough then let 
him in with a good leader. Our method generally is when 
the terrier has got up to the badger, and you can hear he is 
keeping him well engaged, to commence digging and let 
down a shaft over the spot. I have often seen this done 
to a nicety, and on clearing carefully the last portion of the 
soil, found the heads of both badger and terrier in view jaw 

Lancer. 121 

to jaw. Then if you have confidence in your dog lean over, 
with one hand obtain a firm hold of the neck of the badger, 
pass the other hand on to the scut, and let your friend pull 
you badger and all on to the level. Then, disengaging 
the terrier, pop the " grey back " into a sack. If there be 
any doubt as to the terrier maintaining his hold, tongs had 
better be used to save your hands from ' teeth that bite and 
claws that scratch.' 

" I have known a single terrier, Lancer, a winner of 
several prizes seventeen or eighteen years ago, a son of 
Old Dame's, said to be a daughter of Jock's, drive a badger 
out of a drain made for foxes, more than once. On one 
occasion we had no knowledge that a f grey back ' was at 
home, and merely put Lancer in to see if a fox was there, 
and were without any appliances. On hearing that a battle 
royal was being waged we sent for a sack and the ' tongs/ 
and these arrived in the nick of time, for the badger 
retreated, his face towards Lancer, his stern towards us. 
When he was within reach I embraced the opportunity, and 
the game was soon out in the open, but not until my 
strength was nearly exhausted at holding him (' well off 
you, at arm's length, mind ! '), a struggling, twisting brute, 
did the sack arrive. He managed to give my groom a 
snip through the thumb during the operation of bagging. 

" An old disused mine shaft is often a favourite haunt of 
badgers. I remember trying a very large shaft with Remus, 
another well-known terrier, Tyrant's son Sam, the above- 
named Lancer, Pearl, by Diver Racket, also a winner, 
with another brace, both by Lancer, but unknown on the 
show bench. Here all our efforts were of no avail, it was 
impossible to dig, and we could only hope that the united 
efforts of the terriers might drive the badger out. How- 

122 The Fox Terrier. 

ever, there were several in the place, and after some hours 
of waiting, and despairing of ever seeing one of the terriers 
again, we fairly gave up all hope. At last faint moans 
could be heard, and the ubiquitous small boy was happily at 
hand, and induced by a liberal bribe to venture down the 
shaft a few yards, crawling on his hands and knees, a 
candle on the end of a long pole being pushed on in front 
to show him the way. Lancer, Remus, and Pearl were 
thus passed out more dead than alive, the two sons of the 
former were quite dead ! Lancer, as soon as the water anci 
fresh air had somewhat revived him, was just entering the 
shaft for another turn at his enemies, when I caught sight 
of him in time to haul him back by his stern. Never have 
I seen terriers so mauled. These three were cut to pieces 
almost, and for weeks had to be fed with a spoon, as their 
lips had to be sewn-up. 

" On a subsequent occasion I was tempted to try this 
same earth again ; Veni, Valetta, Vedette, Victor Chief, all 
1 show dogs,' being the terriers used. After a couple of 
hours' w r ork, in which we could hear ( our dogs ' hard at 
their game, w r e discovered the battle was being waged 
near the outlet, and sure enough a badger's scut was 
soon apparent and promptly seized, and the owner hauled 
out nolens volens. It proved to be a monster, the biggest, 
handsomest, fattest badger I ever handled 32lb. was his 
weight. To our intense astonishment, not a terrier was 
badly injured; all the evening this was the topic of a 
wondering confab ; how was it ? Well, subsequent 
inspection of this mighty badger showed that he was 
toothless, save for a much worn pair of ' holders.' 

" I had news of a badger in a fox earth one day, and 
arranged with some hunting friends to come and dislodge 

Victor Chief. 123 

the gentleman. Punctually at the time named I put in 
Victor Chief, there being room for but one terrier at a 
time to work. My friends on their arrival, twenty-five 
minutes late, were introduced to the ' grey gentleman in a 
sack/ much to their surprise. 

" Victor Chief was the very best terrier at badger work 
under or above ground I ever saw or heard of. A good- 
looking dog, he was winner of several first prizes, and his 
pedigree goes back through Mr. Chaworth Musters' Old 
Victor, to Trumps, Tyrant, Moss, and Foiler on his sire's 
(Young Victor) side. Whilst on that of his dam Vice, the 
blood of Old Trap, Trumps again, Tartar, Fairy II., Belvoir 
Jock, Branson's Nettle, with old Jock and Grove Nettle, is to 
be found. No wonder, then, that with such an ancestry both 
the spirit and the flesh were willing and able to do or die 
whenever occasion offered. Lancer was almost fully as 
good, both game to the death, as were a score I could 
enumerate, but in no terrier have I found the pluck, intelli- 
gence, and enormous endurance combined as in Victor 
Chief. Vice, his dam, was the next best to these. Village 
Belle, Vedette, Velasquez, Spiteful, by Old Sam, mentioned 
already, Veni, Belgrave Dinah, Virginia, Boaster, own 
brother to Buffett, were all terriers that have won on the 
show bench and which I have seen at work and proved as 
' good as gold.' 

" As regards many of our show terriers of the present 
time, ' in-breeding ' and lack of opportunity have done much 
to deteriorate their stamina and working qualities, but there 
is no doubt whatever, that anyone desirous of breeding a 
team of good-looking workers would find plenty of the right 
material amongst the fox terriers to be found so abundantly 
at any of our modern shows. As a rule, the show terriers 

124 The Fox Terrier. 

are most carefully nursed from their infancy, and no risks 
run of injury from any source. Soon after seven months 
old, sometimes even earlier, their public career commences, 
and if continual knocking about in a dog box and on the 
bench does not soften a dog, what will ? I do not 
approve of showing young puppies, and prefer them reared 
by cottagers in the country, where they literally are allowed 
to run wild. Those so brought up will, when first chained, 
behave like a fox under similar conditions. They possess 
constitution, nerve, and more terrier character than the 
pampered nurseling who, before he has finished changing 
his teeth, has made the acquaintance of many show rings, 
and never tackled anything harder than a bone or an 
unsoaked dog-biscuit. 

" The great point to be borne in mind by the present 
generation of fox terrier breeders, is not to out-Herod Herod 
in the race to obtain quality. Do not ' quality ' your terriers 
until there is nothing else left. Unwise critics, who have 
no care for, or knowledge of what constitutes, a working 
terrier, are often saying such and such a dog ' is a trifle 
coarse.' When such a remark is heard or read, let my 
sporting friend give an eye to the dog so described. The 
chances are he is really a good one, with bone, coat, and sub- 
stance, who perhaps looks a trifle manly when compared with 
the weak-headed, vacuous looking, effeminate weed alongside 
him. The great risks fanciers of any breed always run, are 
that exaggerated developments of certain points are pre- 
served to the detriment of what I may term that breed's 
original form and character. We do not want to improve 
a variety "off the face of the earth," and I sincerely hope 
that, in fox terriers, a later race of owners may be able to 
say that wisdom has been shown in the present day by 

Charlie Littleworth. 125 

breeders sticking to working characteristics as the leading 
essential in a fox terrier. I am fully assured that at the 
present moment there is plenty of good material, and that I 
could as readily get a strong team of workers together as 
at any time during my twenty years' experience. " 

The Littleworths have for generations been a family of 
huntsmen, and, although following their respective masters 
in' keeping their hounds up to a high standard of excellence, 
have never forgotten their admiration for the fox terrier. 
Time after time the present representative of the house, 
Charles Littleworth, Wembworthy, North Devon, and 
huntsman, too, has found occasions when the little dog was 
a necessity, so he has always kept some few running about, 
many of them good enough to more than hold their own in 
public competition. Yes, Charlie Littleworth is one of the 
few modern huntsmen who know the fox terrier in his two 
aspects, as a show dog and as a worker. His opinion 
thereon I give in his own words, and the only preface they 
need is the statement that he has taken an interest in and 
kept fox terriers for a quarter of a century. 

" The fox terrier at the present day has attained, by ' fine 
breeding' (in-breeding), too great a delicacy and too high 
an excellency in fineness of coat and bone for really hard 
work. In many instances the modern standard is only 
useful for show purposes ; perhaps he can kill a rat, and he 
is elegant as a drawing-room companion. In training a fox 
terrier for his actually legitimate work a mistake is too 
often made in at first entering him to game above ground. 
When he can find it so without much trouble, the natural 
inclination to look for it in the earths is, in a degree, lost, 
and once a fox or badger is tackled above ground, in which, 
perhaps, a great deal of punishment is given and received 

The Fox Terrier. 

on both sides, an ordinary terrier does not relish going in to 
the same amount of hard knocks and bites in the dark. 
Let him as a beginning smell about the earth, and entice 
him by degrees to enter it. He will, if game and worth 
keeping, make out the scent, at the same time gradually 
working up his courage until in the end he will tackle 
whatever he meets. [I thoroughly agree with Littleworth 
here, and have known many terriers completely spoiled by 
being set to kill something before they had found their 
noses. Even the first rat should be hunted before the 
puppy is allowed to worry it. There seems something 
about the scent of all game and vermin which, as it were, 
raises the courage of the dog to its very highest.] Give 
me a terrier which will go to ground, find his fox, stick by 
him, and at the same time ( bay ' well. 

" My belief is that the best strain for work has descended 
from George Whitemore's (of the Grove) Willie and Foiler. 
A bitch I once had, named Mustard, was a really honest 
worker. She was about i81b. weight, and after running all 
day with hounds would gamely go to ground, and show us 
and reynard what blood ran in her veins. This bitch was 
by Whitemore's Trick out of Eggesford Fury, who was by 
the Rev. J. Russell's Fuss, a most famous one as a worker. 
Mustard, too, had taken prizes at the West of England 
shows, under the well-known and popular sportsmen above- 
mentioned, including first prize at Plymouth in 1873. 

" A granddaughter of Mustard's called Spot, on first being 
tried to go to earth, remained inside for over two hours, and 
when unearthed was seen facing two badgers, and keeping 
them well at bay. A curious incident about this splendid 
bitch was that she never relished tackling a fox above 
ground, but you would have to go a long day's journey to 

A Huntsman's Opinions. 127 

find her equal in the earth. I have at present two great- 
granddaughters of Mustard which I value greatly. Boaster 
and Willie were both excellent dogs, the former especially 
being admirably adapted for work. The latter was by Sam 
out of Cottingham Nettle. Old Flora was another extra 
good bitch for work, and her daughter Fancy did not dis- 
grace her, for I remember her on one occasion sticking to a 
fox for four hours underground, during which time she never 
for one moment attempted to quit the earth. She was 
finally dug out. Much to my regret she died when in whelp 
to Gulliver. Artful Joe, too, w r as a fine dog. He was a 
little too big, but a regular hard one for work. I am very 
pleased to say that his strain is still carefully preserved. 
All the Belgravians I have are excellent workers. Limbo, 
by Victor Chief out of Venus (a granddaughter of Flora), 
came to a very sad end. Whilst in the kennel he was 
severely bitten by the hounds, his leg being so terribly 
broken and smashed that I was obliged to have him 
immediately killed. I missed him greatly, as he was about 
as good a dog as ever I had for work." 

So much for a huntsman's opinions, but in taking them 
to heart and inwardly digesting them, the reader must not 
forget that a good dog can be spoiled by a bad trainer, and 
in the opposite direction a good trainer can make a dog 
which may be faint-hearted in the beginning, fairly hard- 
hearted and game in the end. 

With regard to the growing popularity of that undesirable 
modern addition to the ordinary duties of a fox terrier, viz., 
rabbit coursing, something must be said. Not content with 
him as a companion, either in town or country, some of his 
ill-advised admirers have endangered his good name by 
endeavouring to place him on a par with the " whippet," or 

128 The Fox Terrier. 

snap dog, and utilising him for the chasing of rabbits in an 
enclosure. Nature never intended the fox terrier for a rabbit 
courser. Had she done so his form would have been much 
more slim than it actually is, and his lines built upon those 
of a greyhound in miniature rather than upon those of a 
sturdy terrier. Still, this somewhat plebeian diversion at one 
time appeared to have taken considerable hold of a certain 
section of the community, the members of which, on 
Saturday afternoons especially, and upon other holidays, 
too, hied to some field or other, and enjoyed themselves by 
letting a rabbit out of a hamper, and, after allowing bunny 
a certain start, unslipped a couple of terriers, which ran 
after and in ninety-nine times out of a hundred killed it. 
Had the rabbits a fair chance of regaining their liberty, as 
is the case with the pigeon when liberated from a trap, or 
even with the hare when coursed at the new-fangled 
inclosed meetings (which by the way have never flourished 
and will never do so), this fox terrier coursing would be 
legitimate sport. As the rabbits have not an ordinary 
chance of escape, and, preparatory to their being set down 
in front of the terrier, have been confined, since their 
capture, in a hamper or some similar receptacle, I must 
look upon the thing with disfavour, and altogether fail to 
acknowledge it as in any way likely to improve the fox terrier 
as he is, and as all his admirers would wish him to remain. 
Although, under these circumstances, the rabbits have 
little opportunity to regain their liberty, their chances of so 
doing are greater than that which was afforded by the 
individual who possessed a terrier and a wild rabbit, which 
he coursed in his cellar. The rabbit was given a start of 
once around the floor, and " Jack," failing to recognise that 
spirit of fair play his owner possessed, instead of himself 

Coursing Rabbits. 129 

running once around the room, took a short cut across it, 
thus seizing poor bunny at the first rush. He got a good 
kick in the ribs for his pains, instead of the praise he might 
fairly conscientiously think was his due, whilst the proprietor 
of the terrier heaved a deep sigh, and meditated upon the 
unfairness of the world generally, and of dogs in particular. 

This modern mode of coursing does give the rabbit a 
better chance of his life than "Jack" did, still, for many 
reasons it is not to be recommended ; and it is gratifying to 
note that it is not recognised by the Fox Terrier Club or by 
any of the leading clubs either. In America, not long ago, 
a prosecution was instituted against a number of gentlemen 
who had been engaged in the so-called sport ; but after a 
lengthened hearing which caused no inconsiderable interest 
throughout that country, no conviction w T as obtained, and 
similar prosecutions in this country have, so far, had a like 
result. Since the above remarks were penned, I am pleased 
to find " fox terrier" coursing on the decadence, and just 
now it appears to be a so-called pastime which is just 
lingering along until it comes to an end by death from 

In sundry instances I have already noticed an inclination 
to produce fox terriers with longer legs, less compact bodies, 
and with an appearance of an ability to gallop more defined, 
than should be the case. This is, of course, done to enable 
them to prove successful at coursing meetings, and a con- 
tinuance thereof would, in a few years, have entirely changed 
the character of the modern fox terrier. I have seen puppies 
shown whose owners, with an eye to the main chance, have 
trusted to the good nature of the judge to give them, at any 
rate, a card of commendation. This done, the natural 
inference would be that at a coursing meeting, such 


130 The Fox Terrier. 

recipients would be allowed to compete without objection 
or hindrance. Still, these puppies, excepting that they had 
drop ears in one case a wire-haired coat were as far 
removed from what a fox terrier should be as possible. 
" Ah ! " said their owner, on being remonstrated with for 
showing such things, " they are but puppies, and will drop 
down, thicken, and furnish in due course." Needless is it 
for me to say that in no case did they get the cards of 
honour which the exhibitor desired. 

An ordinary fox terrier has not pace to compete success- 
fully with a rabbit on its own ground, nor until the present 
time has any attempt been made to breed him for speed 
alone. Daniel, writing eighty years ago, said speed was 
not one of the peculiar properties of the terrier, although it 
possesses the power of keeping up the same pace for a 
considerable distance. He mentions a match which took 
place in 1794, when a very small terrier, for a very big 
wager, ran a mile in two minutes, and six miles in eighteen 
minutes. This is rather an extraordinary performance, and 
I do not know that there is a fox terrier to-day that can at 
all equal it. Anyhow, there are the little " snap-dogs " or 
" whippets " (and Daniel's dog might have been one of 
them), which can course rabbits, and run races better than 
any fox terrier. For such purposes they are kept in many 
parts of the north of England and elsewhere. Those who 
wish for rabbit coursing I would recommend to keep two or 
three of them, for what is worth doing at all is worth doing 
well, and I am pretty certain that even a moderate " snap 
dog" or "whippet" would give the best fox terrier ever 
slipped at a rabbit, twenty yards start out of forty, and 
beat him into the bargain. 

Of late a great deal has been written and said as to the 

A Silly Season. 131 

merits and appearance, of the fox terrier now as compared 
with what he was on his first introduction to popularity. 
No doubt he has changed in a degree ; he is as a rule a less 
" rounded" and less sturdy dog now than he was then. 
Many good modern specimens are more or less inclined 
to be flat-sided, high on the legs, and stiff and " stilty," 
and I fancy breeders are losing that smart, dark, almond- 
shaped eye which gives such character and expression to a 
terrier. I detest a big, full, goggle eye in any terrier, 
excepting, maybe, in a Dandie Dinmont, and in our modern 
fox terrier I should like to see a little more of that fiery 
and smart appearance which went so far in the sixties 
towards making him what he is now in the nineties. Again, 
I believe that breeders have taken up such a line that to 
keep their dogs down in weight they must be produced 
unnaturally narrow in front, with flat ribs, else, unless two 
or three pounds less in weight than is usual, they would not 
be able to go to ground, where a sturdy, thick-set little dog 
of i61b. weight could do so with ease. 

That there are more good fox terriers now than then 
goes without saying, but, taking the number w r hich are bred 
to-day into consideration, the percentage of actually tip-top 
animals is not so large as it should be ; but I thoroughly 
agree with what Mr. Doyle writes further on, and especially 
am I at one with him about what at the time of correcting this 
is the " topic of conversation in fox terrier circles," the size 
of fox terriers. This cry of size seems to me to be some- 
thing like the appearance of the sea serpent in the " silly, 
or slack season." Both crop up annually, and have done 
so for a longer period than one cares to recall. Why, many 
years ago, the cry as to the growing bigness of fox terriers 
was so rife that in 1877 the Birmingham executive arranged 

K 2 

132 The Fox Terrier. 

their classes accordingly, having divisions for fox terrier 
dogs over i81b. weight, for bitches over i61b. in weight, 
and others for animals below these stipulations. I need 
scarcely say that this arrangement was not satisfactory, and 
though it was continued till 1885, the weight classification 
finally lapsed, and has not since been restored. It may be 
instructive to note that in 1876, the year before divisions 
by weight were arranged, there were 72 entries in the dog 
class, a number which has not been equalled since. 

Some fox terriers look bigger than they actually are and 
weigh accordingly, and vice versa is likewise frequently the 
case. A fox terrier dog iglb. in weight in show bench trim 
is really not over-sized, and often enough dogs heavier than 
this have become champions and no fault found with them. 
As a rule exhibitors are chary about sending their dogs to 
scale when they are about iglb. weight or more. 

However, I cannot do better than give prominence here to 
Mr. Doyle's valued opinion " on the progress made by fox 
terriers of late years, and some comparisons between the 
prize winners of an earlier generation and those of to-day." 
He says : " For twenty years I have bred somewhat exten- 
sively, judged not unfrequently, and observed pretty 
attentively and regularly. If, therefore, I cannot make 
something like an accurate estimate of the results which 
have been reached during that period, it is not for lack of 

" To begin with, I feel pretty sure that I shall have every 
competent critic of the breed with me as to the great general 
improvement of the breed as a whole. Whether our best dogs 
are better or worse than they were is a question to which I 
will come later on. It is only certain that passably good 
ones are far more numerous. Every large breeder is to-day 

Mr. Doyle's Opinion. 133 

able to draft bitches which twenty years ago he would have 
looked on as valuable breeding material. It is not merely 
in general symmetry and smartness that this is seen, but I 
think even more distinctly in those points which make up 
what we are agreed to call terrier character. Jock, 
Hornet, and Fussy may have been even more terrier-like 
than the best prize winners of to-day ; but the benches 
then were loaded with dogs that showed bull or English 
terrier at every point, and such have now vanished. 

"I may also, I think, at once claim another point wherein 
the dogs of to-day score. They last far better. Some, I 
daresay, remember what that once beautiful dog, Mr. 
Bassett's Tip, became in his later days. Bitters did not 
fare a great deal better. In fact in my young days of show- 
ing, a dog was looked on as a veteran at four or five. 
Vesuvienne was as good as ever when she last graced the 
show ring. Such as Venio and Dominie can yet hold their 
own against most young dogs. 

" I do not, however, in the least pretend that by what I 
have said so far I have disposed of the complaints which we 
occasionally hear of deterioration in our fox terriers. Those 
who make such complaints would say, I take it, that while 
there are more fairly good dogs, there are fewer really first 
class ones, and that the prize winners of the present day are 
unworthy to rank with their predecessors. I have more 
than once heard this put very strongly. I have been told 
that the type has changed, that the modern fox terrier is a 
new creation altogether. I have observed that this is 
generally said by those who have given no very special 
attention to fox terriers, but have picked up a hasty im- 
pression of what the dogs of a particular epoch were from a 
casual glance at the show benches. I have no hesitation in 

134 The Fox Terrier. 

saying that a good dog a quarter of a century ago would be, 
if he could be brought to life, a good dog to-day, and vice 
versa. Then we should have hailed with delight such dogs 
as Venio, Dominie, or D'Orsay. To-day, Jock, Buffet, 
Nimrod, Turk, or Rattler would, if they could reappear, hold 
their own in any company. I will even go further. I am 
certain that if Olive and that beautiful but rather forgotten 
bitch, Pattern, could be put on one side of a ring with 
Perseverance and Meifod Molly I mention two terriers 
whom I have judged lately and who are fresh in my 
mind on the other, and if one of those critics who assert 
that we have made a new type were asked, without 
previous knowledge, 'which are the old stamp and which 
the new ? ' he would unhesitatingly take the two veterans 
as specimens of modern deterioration. 

" I quite admit that one or two soft-hearted judges and 
breeders have in my opinion been so carried away by a 
craze for what is called liberty ( ' oh, Liberty ! what crimes 
are committed in thy name!') and racing character, that 
they have forgotten the importance of other points. I 
might even go further and say, have taught themselves 
to dislike substance, compactness, strength of back, and 
shortness of coupling. But even this heresy is not new ; 
the judges of whom I speak had their prototypes in the 
days when some of us used to groan in spirit at the 
victories of Tart, Ribble, and Saracen, and the defeats 
of Gripper and Jester II. 

" At the same time, though, I deny that the standard of 
perfection at which we are aiming has altered. I am 
quite willing to admit that the standard which we prac- 
tically reach is somewhat modified. I would say, going 
back to my previous illustration, that Olive and Pattern 

"The Critic of Terriers." 135 

were rather deviations from the average stamp of their 
own day, just as Meifod Molly and Perseverance are not 
specially typical of the present day. If I may use a 
geometrical illustration we have not moved towards per- 
fection, ever further away from it along a straight line. 
Rather we have travelled over part of the circumference 
of a circle of which the standard of perfection is the 
centre. We have gained some advantages and lost others. 
Neck, shoulders, and outline were points that we always 
aimed at ; to-day we get them much oftener. We still try 
to get well sprung ribs and compact frames; we oftener 
miss them. 

" For surely it is not needful to point out that change is 
not necessarily deterioration. We sometimes hear it said, 
' Look at that dog ; how utterly unlike Jock or Tyrant,' or 
some other past celebrity. Very well ; he may be unlike, 
and yet a very good dog. He may have got what the 
other dog wanted, even though he misses some of his 
predecessors' best points. We did not think the old heroes 
standards of perfection in their own day. Why should they 
be brought up in judgment against their successors ? Just 
in the same way did the mentors of one's childhood cast in 
one's teeth some half mythical generation of faultless 

" ' Whene'er Miss Betty does a fault, 
Lets drop a knife or spills the salt, 
Thus by her mother she'll be chid : 
' Tis what Vanessa never did ! ' 

u The critic of terriers who contrasts the iron present 
with a golden past only illustrates a common law of human 

" It seems to me that the sum total of the complaints 

136 The Fox Terrier. 

which we hear, when they are analysed, comes to this. 
There are certain points of merit about which modern 
judges and breeders are lax. That is, I fear, an almost 
inevitable result of the show system. Stress is laid on 
certain points, perhaps because before they have been 
unduly neglected. Other points gradually drop into the 
background. Public opinion is of necessity largely formed 
by those who have a personal interest in certain dogs or 
certain strains, and who often persuade themselves, no 
doubt in all good faith, that their favourites are perfection. 
The dog on whom breeders ought to be keeping a watchful 
eye is the dog who is strong in just those points where the 
generality of the prize winners of the day are weak. Un- 
happily that is just the dog which is apt to be thrust aside 
and forgotten. But this can easily be averted if there are 
a sufficient number of breeders who are content steadily to 
work their way towards their own standard of perfection, 
and not to be turned aside by the caprices which at times 
make their way into the judging ring, nor the effect of such 
caprices on the sale market. 

" There is one other point on which perhaps I ought to 
say a word, and that is the size of modern terriers. For 
some twenty years I have been told that terriers are 
getting bigger, and if at that stage the complaint was well 
founded they should by this time weigh about 3olb. As a 
matter of fact I believe Buffet was well up to the size of 
most winners of to-day. Brockenhurst Joe, who won the 
Fox Terrier Club's challenge cup in 1881, was, I feel pretty 
sure, the biggest dog, except perhaps Venio, who ever won 
it. At the same time I do think that there is a certain 
tendency on the part of critics, and, I fear, even of some 
judges, to be indifferent to the question of size, and to 

The Proper Weight. 137 

forget that every pound of weight over i61b., in working con- 
dition, is a set-off against a dog's utility. A 2olb. dog, if 
well and strongly made, is not necessarily useless, but one 
three pounds less can do a great deal more. I have been 
gravely told, and by those who should know better, that a 
dog of i81b. is undersized. I constantly, too, see dogs 
advertised as sires who are confessedly too big for show, 
/.., probably about 23lb. weight. It stands to reason that 
if we keep on using big sires, we shall gradually get a breed 
of big dogs." 

Perhaps there are some admirers of the little dog, to 
which this volume is dedicated, who may urge that the 
writer has not introduced as many anecdotes of its sagacity 
as he might have done. Still, we all know what " dog 
stories " are they may be either true or otherwise ; at any 
rate, they can be concocted by the bushel. There are, how- 
ever, so many fox terriers in the world, that it necessarily 
follows some of them at times must have exhibited an 
unusual share of intelligence. Occasionally we have had 
them performing on the stage ; at other times, when sore 
wounded and injured, we have been told of a visit to the 
hospital of their own intelligence, and a very patient waiting 
at the gate until the turn for treatment came. Their 
" homing faculty," if there be such a thing, has been 
praised ; indeed, there is scarcely a piece of intelligence 
any dog has displayed which has not been claimed for the 
fox terrier with what truth is a matter of opinion. There 
is no doubt he is intelligent when brought up in the house, 
but he is not such an apt pupil for the circus or the stage 
as the curly-coated poodle. 

A story comes to me from British Columbia, where a 
big fox terrier, 23lb. in weight, became quite a skilful 

138 The Fox Terrier. 

fisherman. He did not, however, follow on the lines of 
that other cute American dog (whose owner was a disciple 
of Izaak Walton), which would sit with a line in its mouth 
and wait until a tug or nub was felt, when it ran back 
and dragged the struggling fish which caused that tug to 
bank. This done, its master re-baited the hook, cast out 
the line, placed the latter in the dog's mouth, who again 
waited for the " glorious nibble." Our Columbian friend 
does not follow this system at all. It just goes into the 
river, seizes a salmon by the back fin, and drags it ashore, 
willy nilly poaching rather than angling. Salmon are 
numerous there ; they jostle each other, and are in shoals 
as thick as herrings. 

One day in February, 1894 (I must give figures in a story 
of this kind, otherwise its truth might be doubted), this 
terrier saw a bigger fish than usual one of i81b. weight or 
more ; but, nothing daunted, he leaped into the roaring 
torrent the Columbia river is a roaring torrent at times 
and seized the salmon by the back. But the fish was fresh 
from the sea, vigorous and strong, with " sea lice on 
him," and, although not able to make the dog loose its hold, 
this lusty salmon almost drowned him, and no doubt would 
have done so entirely had not human rescuers been at 
hand. Ultimately Columbia's game and piscatorially 
devoted fox terrier was lifted out of the stream in an 
exhausted condition, though his teeth were still fast in 
the tough skin of his capture. This was a dog salmon 
(Salmo cam's), but it is so called, not because it is usually 
caught by dogs, but because it is useless as food. 

So much for the fox terrier as a fisherman, but whether 
his take, as above related, would entitle him to membership 
of the Piscatorial Society is another matter. As a British 

A British Workman. 139 

"working man" this variety of Canis familiarises likewise 
proved a success ; but, inasmuch as he has not as yet 
interfered with the rights of the artisan, he has not been 
the cause of trouble between master and man. Here is the 
story : One of the electric lighting companies found 
difficulty in carrying certain of the copper strips or wires 
through the underground culverts. These strips, about 
one hundred yards or so in length, are supported at 
intervals of ten yards by transverse bars, and considerable 
expense and trouble were caused in getting the strips past 
their supports. One of the foremen was " a doggy man," 
and it occurred to him that a fox terrier might be trained 
to carry through the passages a rope, to the end of which 
the strip could be attached. He had a puppy on which he 
at once began his tuition, which in due course was 

It is easy enough to train a terrier to travel underground 
a hundred yards or more, but here it had to leap over the 
supports, which she soon learned to do. Now she performs 
her task cleverly, has assisted to lay many miles of wire 
in London and elsewhere, and each Saturday receives her 
wages like the men receive theirs, and is looked upon as 
one of the most valued employes of the Crompton Electric 
Lighting Company. 

I think with these two stories of a dog's sport and of a 
dog's work any ordinary believer in anecdotes of canine 
intelligence ought to be satisfied ; still I am not much of a 
believer in such stories ; nor is it the proper work of a 
terrier to go a-fishing or to assist an electric lighting 
company in its underground operations. There are many 
uses for him in this world, even as a companion and as a 
watch dog, as the former he is much to be extolled, and his 

140 The Fox Terrier. 

excellence in this respect has not remained undiscovered by 
great men whose equally great friends believe ought to 
have a soul above dogs. Quite a popular hero in his way 
was the late terrier belonging to Mr. Justice Hawkins, 
which, if it did not actually sit with its master on the bench, 
was otherwise his lordship's almost constant companion. 
" Yah ! " said a corner-man in one of our provincial towns, 
11 1 didn't know as auld Hawkins was blind ! " alluding to 
the fact that the judge in walking to the assize court led 
his favourite little terrier by a cord. 



JOST of the remarks made on former pages apply 
to the wire-haired fox terrier equally with the 
smooth-coated variety. In colour, make, shape, 
character, legs and feet, they are as one, only in jacket or 
coat do the two differ. With the wire-haired terrier the 
latter should be hard and crisp, not too long, neither too 
short, but of a tough, coarse texture, finer underneath, all 
so close and dense that the skin cannot be seen or even 
felt, and, if possible, so weather and water resisting that 
the latter will stand on the sides like beads, and run off the 
whole body as it is said to do, and does, off a duck's back. 
There must not be the slightest sign of silkiness anywhere, 
not even on the head. A curly jacket, or one inclined to be 
so, is far better than a silky one. Indeed, some of the best 
coated dogs of this variety I have seen, had more than an 
inclination to be curly the crispest hair on the human being 

142 The Fox Terrier. 

has usually a tendency to be so, and the straight hair is the 
softer and finer. There should be some amount of longish 
hair on the legs, too, right down to the toes, and when 
there is a deficiency in the coat in this respect, one may be 
pretty certain that some crossed strain is in the blood of 
the animal so handicapped. In attempting to produce 
straight coats, modern breeders have gone to extremes, 
and, according to their nature, produced fine ones, of a 
texture like silk almost ; these are, again, likely to be thin, 
and quite inadequate to keep out the water and cold. 
Seldom do we see a wire-haired terrier with so close and 
hard a jacket as some of the otter hounds possess, or even 
owned by a few of the best hard-haired Scottish terriers. 
Straighter they may be, but harder never, and what, 
indeed, is the straightness but a useless beauty mark ? An 
old bitch of Mr. A. Maxwell's (Durham), Tennis, had in her 
day one of the best of coats, but for modern ideas there 
was too much of it. Her chest and neck were well pro- 
tected, still its very profuseness made it likely to carry too 
much water on a damp day. 

In the kennels of the Kendal Otter Hounds there was once 
a black and tan hound called Ragman, who ran for nine 
seasons, and indeed he was so grey and worn with hard 
work and care as to bear scarcely any resemblance to what 
he was when first entered. He possessed the best water 
and weather resisting coat I ever saw on any dog. With- 
out being long enough to assist him as a bench hound, it 
was simply perfect for the purpose for which it was 
required protection from weather and water. Take down 
the ribs, along the back, under the belly, on the head, any- 
where, it was all there, hard as bristles, close as wool, a 
little softer and closer underneath than near the surface ; 

A Good Coat. 143 

and I have seen that good hound swim for two, or three, or 
four hours maybe, come out on to the bank, shake himself, 
so throw the water off, roll in the meadow, and in a minute 
he would be as dry as the proverbial board. His coat 
leaned towards curliness, and, this notwithstanding, his 
was the description of jacket that ought to be found on all 
wire-haired terriers. I know of not even one at the present 
day that possesses so good a one. 

In judging this variety of terrier I should, without 
hesitation, throw out or disqualify every dog with a soft 
coat. In their group or classes they are called " wire- 
haired " terriers, and anyone giving an award of any kind 
to one that is not as described does a triple injustice, for he 
dishonours the description, introduces a bad type, and 
proves his own incompetence. I have dwelt thus long on 
coat because therein lies the whole difference between the 
two great modern types of fox terriers. 

From the time Dame Juliana Berners wrote of " teroures " 
the varieties, rough and smooth, have grown up side by side, 
one man preferring the one, another the other. The smooth 
variety has always been the more numerous latterly the 
more popular, because the smarter, the more thorough-bred 
looking animal, and besides, on wet days he does not take 
so much dirt into the house. As to gameness, Jack is as 
good as his master, but by reason of the denser covering to 
his skin, the wire-haired can stand the cold, inclement 
weather of our north country climate better than his cousin ; 
still, after all, a cross-bred dog is best for the really arduous 
work required with fox-hounds hunting in a mountainous 
district, and with otter hounds. 

Some old engravers and painters have given us portraits 
of wire-haired terriers black and tan, blue grizzle and tan, 

144 The Fox Terrier. 

pepper and salt, and of various shades in red and fawn and 
yellow, as well as of the present time orthodox white 
and marked with fawn, or black and tan. Modern fancy 
has developed the black and tan into a new variety, 
whilst the others, of whole colour, equally useful in every 
way, have gone to the wall. In various districts of North 
Durham and Yorkshire the wire-haired terriers appear to 
have been produced in greatest numbers, but Devonshire 
also had them in the form they were wont to be used by 
the Rev. John Russell, a name so familiar to every sports- 
man throughout the many countries where the English 
language is spoken. The late and much respected " Robin 
Hood," so long the Field's well-known coursing correspon- 
dent, told me that even in Nottingham, supposed to be the 
home of the smooth variety, the " wire-hairs " were common 
enough forty-five or more years ago. And how visions of 
his early sporting dogs rushed before him when he told me 
of a terrier he had owned with an extraordinarily long head, 
which came from the Quorn when Sir Richard Sutton was 
the master. This dog, he said, was in every sense a 
pattern of the best we see to-day, i81b. weight, hard 
coated, strong-jawed, possessing at the same time the 
" ferocity of the tiger " when " cats " were about, and 
" the gentleness of the dove " in the presence of his genial 
owner. Mr. C. M. Browne (" Robin Hood ") was inclined 
to believe that a majority of the Midland counties strains 
of wire-haired terriers sprang from this dog, which, if 
his recollection did not fail him, became the property of 
Mr. T. Wootton, who certainly had some very good ones 
about twenty years later, though that they were all as 
game as one would have wished may be doubted by the 
following story : 

The Fox and the Terriers. 145 

In the early days of competition, a dog show was held 
in a certain town in the North of England, at which some 
two or three of these terriers, said to be " good at badger, 
cat, fox, and fighting," were exhibited, and as usual they 
won all the prizes. At n o'clock one night, some of 
the members of the committee, after dining rather heartily, 
and supping not too wisely but too well, visited the show, 
and in company with the " nightmen " went round to see 
the terriers. Now unfortunately a semi-tame fox was one 
of the attractions of the exhibition, and mischief moved 
the midnight visitors to try some of the crack " wire-hairs " 
with that fox. Alack ! alas ! they knew sly reynard not, 
nor did they take the slightest notice of him as they 
were one by one slipped into his cage the " earth dogs " 
bolted so far as their collars and chains allowed them. 
" Try Sir Douglas ! " said a fellow, alluding to a well- 
known Dandie Dinmont benched not far away, and Sir 
Douglas was tried, with the result that he went to the 
poor fox and nearly killed it before he could be taken 
off. I do not mention this little episode, and a disgraceful 
one it was, with any intention of lauding the Dandie 
Dinmont at the expense of the wire-haired terrier, but to 
show what little scenes occasionally occurred at some 
shows of years ago. I fancy matters connected therewith 
are better nowadays. 

Perhaps the following will act as a counter-irritant to 
some readers who may object to hear anything in dis- 
paragement of their favourites. In communication with 
one of our most celebrated and oldest admirers of the 
wire-haired terrier, he told me of a terrier I sent him, 
which in turn was despatched to a friend in New York. 
It had not been many hours in its new abode before it 


146 The Fox Terrier. 

showed courage and gameness in many ways. Then it was 
missing for many hours, and one day unusual sounds under- 
neath the stable floor led to a suspicion that Jack was there. 
In due course the floor was taken up, and from a pipe drain 
underneath, the terrier was dragged, and a huge cat lay 
worried and dead by his side. This was a I3lb. terrier, but 
he was too hard bitten and ferocious for ordinary work. 

No further proof of the gameness of the modern wire- 
haired terrier need be adduced than was described in the 
columns of the Field three years ago, in connection with 
the Kendal otter hounds, which were hunting the river Lune, 
near Hornby. An otter had been marked in a tile drain, 
an ordinary drain pipe indeed, and to drive him, one of the 
hunt's terriers went to ground. There was no side drain 
to allow him to get behind the otter, and of course to draw 
master Lutra, badger fashion, was impossible. However, 
in the end the otter was, if not actually drawn, fairly driven 
out of his stronghold, the plucky little terrier having actually 
fought his way underneath or over his enemy, and, when 
once behind him, made the drain so uncomfortable, that 
the rough-and-ready notice of ejectment was acted upon. 
A fine otter dashed out of the drain's mouth, followed 
immediately by Turk, sadly bitten and bedraggled, but by 
no means seriously injured. This terrier, though the 
huntsman could give him no pedigree, was in appearance 
of fashionable blood a good-looking little fellow, about 
i5lb. in weight, and handsome enough to win a prize on 
the show bench, which he has done. Bobby Troughton, 
who had hunted the Kendal Otter Hounds for a dozen 
years, said this dog Turk was the gamest and hardest terrier 
he ever possessed surely a glowing testimonial for a 
modern show animal. * ' 

A Badger Killed. 147 

No gamer terrier could be imagined than one which for 
years was the property of Mr. W. H. B. Schrieber, of 
Watford. Powderham Jack originally came from Mr. 
Damarell's kennel in Devonshire, but he was supposed to 
be Midland county bred, and here is what he did. Jack, 
when six years old of course he had made the acquaintance 
of the " grey gentleman " long before was sent into a 
badger earth in Hertfordshire about noon, and, though 
unable to drive his game, remained there righting for over 
six hours and a half. Then he was dug out terribly ex- 
hausted, and awfully bitten and torn so much so in fact that 
for three weeks he had to be fed with a spoon held below 
the root of the tongue, as any liquid given in the usual way 
ran out through the holes the badger had made in the dog's 
under jaw and mouth. However, careful nursing brought 
him round, although Jack carried the tale-telling scars to 
his dying day. 

On the second day after the affray Mr. Schrieber returned 
to the " earth " with another terrier, which in due course 
" marked," and by digging, the end of the burrow was 
reached. Here the party found a large female badger dead 
which Jack had killed the day before. She was 26Ib. in 
weight, and, on being skinned, her chest and her ribs were 
found to be broken, although outwardly she showed few 
marks of the dog's teeth. This is the only authenticated 
case of which I have record where a i61b. terrier killed 
a badger nearly double his own weight in fair fight 
underground. No wonder that Mr. Schrieber was proud 
in his possession of such a dog, and, though in the end 
blindness resulted from the injuries Jack received on that 
eventful day, he lived until quite recently to be respected 
and admired as one of the best terriers ever known. In 

L 2 

148 The Fox Terrier. 

appearance Powderham Jack was quite up to " show form ;" 
indeed, on several occasions before his great fight, he had 
appeared on the bench, where he met with considerable 
success. On his sire's side he was descended from Jack 
Terry's Wasp and champion Broome, but his dam's pedigree 
was never ascertained. 

Some of the earlier wire-haired terriers were remarkably 
savage and ill-tempered, or perhaps it was the writer's 
misfortune to possess such. However, about seventeen 
years ago I had one sent me from Shropshire, which 
originally came from the huntsman of the Albrighton 
hounds. Anyhow, rare good-looking dog though he 
seemed, his excellence was sadly marred by his de- 
testable disposition. He was never safe, and always as 
willing to growl at his owner as to take a piece out of 
the leg of a tramp or anyone else. Entered for Darlington 
Show at a few pounds, if he was not sold I had promised 
him as a present to a friend ; as it happened he won 
the first prize and the special cup, and was at once 
claimed by a well-known admirer of the breed. Avenger 
(the dog's name) was a little high on the legs, i81b. 
weight, straight in front and terrier-like in head, with a 
hard jacket, but not much of it. I need scarcely say he 
did not need trimming, or " faking," to make him look 
his best. 

Owing to one cause or another, the wire-haired fox 
terrier has occupied longer in popularising himself than 
the smooth-coated one. For years he was without a 
class at any of the shows, and when he became so im- 
portant as to be honoured by being so provided, he was 
relegated to the non-sporting division ! Birmingham gave 
him his first class in 1873, nine years subsequent to the 

Incompetent Judges. 149 

time when the smooth variety had been prominently brought 
forward. Some of the stud books have the wire-haired 
fox terrier entered amongst non-sporting dogs, sandwiched 
between the Pomeranians and Bedlington terriers, and so he 
continued till 1875, whilst a little earlier the same refer- 
ence volume mixes the wire-haired fox terriers with the 
Irish terriers. Here is reason for a delay in popularisa- 
tion, which undoubtedly arose from the incompetence of 
some of the judges who were asked to give their opinions 
on the breed, and whose knowledge thereof was quite on 
a par with what it might be with regard to white elephants 
and crocodiles. My nerves never received so severe a 
shock at any show as they did at Curzon Hall in 1872, 
when the first prize for wire-haired terriers was withheld 
through " want of merit," though in the class was that 
reliable and undoubtedly very high-class specimen Venture, 
then shown by Mr. Gordon Sanderson, of Cottingham, 
near Hull. Mr. J. Nisbet, a reputed judge of Dandie 
Dinmonts, gave this foolish decision, which, however, did 
not lower the dog one iota in the eyes of those who 
knew his excellence. Mr. W. Carrick, of Carlisle, subse- 
quently became his owner, and made him useful in the 
foundation of a kennel of terriers which for excellence has 
not yet been surpassed. 

This Venture was as good a terrier of his variety as I 
ever saw, without the slightest particle of bulldog appear- 
ance, built on proper lines, with a coat above the average 
in hardness and denseness, and a head in length and 
quality of the best ; it was, indeed, ill luck that the in- 
competence of the judge so dishonoured him by withhold- 
ing the first prize and giving him but the second. Ah ! but 
someone may say Venture was, perhaps, in bad condition 

150 The Fox Terrier. 

this he was not, he was as bright and fresh then as at 
any time of his career, which later on proved eminently 

Between the years 1872 and 1880, comparatively few 
wire-haired terriers were shown at Curzon Hall ; in the 
former year there were but two entries, but later some 
dozen or so appeared about the average. Most of the best 
dogs during this period came from the neighbourhood 
of Malton, in Yorkshire. Venture, already alluded to, 
by Kendall's Old Tip, a well-known terrier with the 
Sinnington hounds, had a successful career on the 
show bench, and to my mind was certainly the best of 
his variety at that time. In 1874, however, the stud book 
only contained four other entries of wire-haired terriers, 
and with one exception they were owned by Mr. Wootton. 
The exception was Chaplin, a moderate dog that won third 
prize at Manchester the previous year. Wasp, first prize 
Manchester in 1873, has no sire or dam given, and Mr. 
Gordon Sanderson appears to be the only man at that 
day who kept the pedigrees of his terriers. The wonder 
was that he did so, for his favourites did not bring much 
money. For instance, Venture, already alluded to, had 
been shown in a variety or mixed class, one in which 
different descriptions of dogs compete against each other ; 
and, entered at thirty shillings, he was so good as to 
attract attention, and the man who gave seventy shillings 
for him was thought to have more money than sense. 
However, the purchaser, Mr. Holmes, of Beverley, was 
right, and such a dog as Venture to-day would command 
one hundred guineas at least. 

A half-brother of the last-named dog was called Tip, 
a white terrier with blue badger-pied marks on his body 

Tip and Pickering Nailer. 151 

and head, not an unusual colour then, but seldom seen 
nowadays. At Liverpool Show in 1889 a dog named 
Carlisle Young Venture similarly marked was benched, 
and the late Mr. Donald Graham, who up to the time of 
his death, which occurred in 1891, was one of our oldest 
supporters and best judges of the variety, told me it was 
directly descended from Tip. The latter, a peculiarly 
heavily muscled dog, would weigh, I fancy, hard on to 
2olb., he had such a strong back, and powerful bone. 
His head was a little too short, and his coat, though hard, 
was scarcely profuse enough. His small ears and de- 
termined dare-devil look out of his little dark eyes, gave 
an amount of character that is sadly deficient in the terrier 
of to-day, who possesses an advantage only on the score of 
neatness. After changing hands two or three times, Tip, 
who had been born in 1872, went into Mr. S. E. Shirley's 
kennels, from whence he visited the shows and did a great 
deal of winning, but he was always to Venture in the wire 
hairs what Tartar had been to Old Jock in the smooth 
variety the bull terrier of the party. 

From the strains of these two dogs have sprung most 
of the modern so-called wire-haired terriers, but, unfortu- 
nately, so many crosses have been made with their smooth 
cousins, that there is little chance of to-day finding the 
old blood pure and uncontaminated. 

It is said that Mr. Maxwell's Jester and Mr. Ward's 
Pickering Nailer were, some four years or so ago, the only 
wire-haired terriers of note which could be said to be of 
really blue blood, and if this is so, and I believe the statement 
to be correct, I hope their progeny will continue to be 
allied to bitches containing no trace of the smooth strain for 
at the very least four or five generations. 

152 The Fox Terrier. 

There appears a semblance of strangeness that the wire- 
haired terriers from Devonshire have not been more used 
for show bench purposes, and by all accounts some of 
them were as good in looks as they had on many occasions 
proved in deeds. Those owned by the Rev. John Russell 
have acquired a world-wide reputation, yet we look in 
vain for many remnants of the strain in the stud books, 
and the county of broad acres has once again distanced 
the southern one in the race for money. But, although 
the generous clerical sportsman occasionally consented to 
judge terriers at some of the local shows in the West, he 
was not much of a believer in such exhibitions. So far as 
dogs, and horses too, were concerned, with him it was 
" handsome is that handsome does," and so long as it did 
its work properly, one short leg and three long ones was 
no eye-sore in any terrier owned by this popular west 
country parson. How he came to obtain a strain of them 
at all is admirably told in his Memoir by the author of 
" Dartmoor Days." 

" Russell had been in residence some fourteen terms, 
and was now, with a view to his final examination, busily 
employed in preparing for the schools and furbishing up 
his old Tiverton armour, which he was not slow to discover 
had grown somewhat rusty by habitual disuse and the easy 
conditions of his college life. His degree being of para- 
mount importance to him, the short period that now 
remained for getting up his books was naturally accom- 
panied by the inevitable doubt and anxiety which even the 
ablest scholars are apt to feel at such a time. 

" It was on a glorious afternoon towards the end of 
May, when strolling round Magdalen Meadow with Horace 
in hand, but Beckford in his head, he emerged from the 

The Rev. John Russell's Terriers. 153 

classic shade of Addison's Walk, crossed the Cherwell in a 
punt, and passed over in the direction of Marston, hoping 
to devote an hour or two to study in the quiet meads of 
that hamlet near the charming slopes of Elsfield, or in the 
deeper and more secluded haunts of Shotover Wood. But 
before he had reached Marston, a milkman met him with a 
terrier, such an animal as Russell had as yet only seen in 
his dreams ; he halted as Actaeon might have done when 
he caught sight of Diana disporting in her bath, but, unlike 
that ill-fated hunter, he never budged from the spot till he 
had won the prize and secured it for his own. She was 
called Trump, and became the progenitress of that famous 
race of terriers which from that day to the present have 
been associated with Russell's name at home and abroad, 
his able and keen coadjutors in the hunting field. An oil 
painting of Trump is still in existence, and is, I believe, 
possessed by H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, but, as a copy 
executed by a fair and talented artist is now in my 
possession, and was acknowledged by Russell to be not 
only an admirable likeness of the original, but equally good 
as a type of the race in general, I will try, however 
imperfectly, to describe the portrait as it now lies before 

" In the first place, the colour is white, with just a patch 
of dark tan over each eye and ear, while a similar dot not 
larger than a penny piece marks the root of the tail. The 
coat, which is thick, close, and a trifle wiry, is calculated to 
protect the body from wet and cold, but has no affinity 
with the long rough jacket of a Scotch terrier. The legs 
are straight as arrows, the feet perfect, the loins and con- 
formation of the whole frame indicative of hardihood and 
endurance, while the size and height of the animal may be 

154 The Fox Terrier. 

compared to that of a full-grown vixen fox. ' I seldom or 
ever see a real fox terrier nowadays/ said Russell 
recently to a friend who was inspecting a dog show 
containing a hundred and fifty entries under that denomi- 
nation ; ' they have so intermingled strange blood with the 
real article, that if he were not informed, it would puzzle 
Professor Bell himself to discover what race the so-called 
fox terrier belongs to.' ' 

A most ridiculous description of how the modern fox 
terrier has been bred from the Italian greyhound, beagle, 
and smooth-coated terrier or bulldog cross follows, and of 
the blood of the latter Russell is said to have spoken in 
high terms of praise, and his opinion is at any rate worth 
having in this matter. 

The author of the memoir continues : " The bulldog 
blood thus infused imparts courage, it is true, to the so- 
called terrier ; he is matchless at killing any number of rats 
in a given time, will fight any dog of his weight in a 
Westminster pit, draw a badger heavier than himself out 
of his long box, and turn up a torn cat possessed even 
of ten lives before poor pussy can utter a wail. But the 
ferocity of that blood is in reality ill-suited, nay, is fatal, to 
foxhunting purposes, for a terrier that goes to ground and 
fastens on his fox, as one so bred will do, is far more likely 
to spoil sport than promote it ; he goes in to kill, not to 
bolt the object of his attack. 

11 Besides, such animals, if more than one slip into a 
fox earth, are too apt to forget the game and fight each 
other, the death of one being occasionally the result 
of such encounters. Hence, Russell may well have been 
proud of the pure pedigree he had so long possessed, 
and so carefully watched over. Tartars they were, 

With Hounds. 155 

and ever have been, beyond all doubt, going up to 
their fox in any earth, facing him alternately with hard 
words and harder nibs, until at length he is forced to 
quit his stronghold and trust to the open for better 

" A fox thus bolted is rarely a pin the worse for the 
skirmish ; he has had fair play given him, and instead of 
being half strangled is fit to flee for his life. The hounds, 
too, have their chance, and the field are not baulked of 
their expected run. 

" Russell's country was technically known as a hollow 
one that is, a country in which rocky fastnesses and earths 
excavated by badgers abound in every direction. Conse- 
quently, on every hunting day, a terrier or two invariably 
accompanied him to the field, and certainly no general ever 
depended with more trust on the services of an aide-de- 
camp than he on those of his terriers. If in chase they 
could not always live with the pack, still they stuck to the 
line, and were sure to be there or thereabouts \vhen they 
were wanted if the hounds threw up even for a minute. 

" ' I like them to throw their tongue freely when face to 
face with their enemy,' said Russell, one day, as he stood 
listening to his famous dog Tip marking energetically in a 
long drain some six feet below the surface ; ' you know 
then where they are and what they're about.' 

" Entered early, and only at fox, Russell's terriers were 
as steady from riot as the staunchest of his hounds, so 
that running together with them, and never passing over 
an earth without drawing it, they gave a fox, whether 
above ground or below it, but a poor chance of not being 
found by one or the other. A squeak from a terrier was 
the sure signal of a find, and there was not a hound in the 

156 The Fox Terrier. 

pack that would not fly to it as eagerly as to Russell's 
horn or his own wild and marvellous scream. This 
steadiness from riot was, of course, the result of early 
education on one object, the fox ; nor did Russell consider 
it needful to train his terriers by progressive steps like 
others have done. 

" A hundred anecdotes might be related of the wondrous 
sagacity displayed in chase by Russell's terriers, but as 
Tip's name has been already mentioned, one of his many 
feats will suffice to show, not merely the large amount of 
instinctive faculty, but the almost reasoning power with 
which that dog was endowed. 

" Russell himself told me the story, as some thirty years 
ago, in going to cover, he drew my attention to a deep 
combe not far from Lidcote Hall, the seat of Sir Hugh, and 
the birthplace of poor Amy Robsart. 

" ' Do you see/ he said, ' that dark patch of hanging 
gorse hemmed in on the northern side by yonder knoll ? 
Well, I've seen many a good run from that sheltered nook. 
On one occasion, however, I had found a fox, w r hich, in 
spite of a trimming scent, contrived to beat us by reaching 
Gray's Holts, and going to ground before we could catch 
him. Now those earths are fathomless, and interminable 
as the Catacombs of St. Calixtus. They are so called Gray 
from the old Devonshire name signifying a badger, a 
number of those animals having long occupied that spot. 
Consequently, such a fortress once gained is not easily to 
be stormed even by Tip or the stoutest foe. 

" ' Again we found that fox a second time, and now while 
the hounds were in close pursuit and driving hard, to my 
infinite surprise I saw Tip going off at full speed in quite a 
different direction. 

" Off to Gray's Holts. 33 157 

" ' " He's off, sir, to Gray's Holts. I know he is," shouted 
Jack Yelland, the whip, as he called my attention to the 
line of country the dog was then taking. That proved to 
be the case. The fox had scarcely been ten minutes on 
foot when the dog, either by instinct, or, as I believe, by 
some power akin to reason, putting two and two together, 
came to the conclusion that the real object of the fox was 
to gain Gray's Holts, although the hounds were by no 
means pointing in that direction. It was exactly as if the 
dog had said to himself: " No, no, you're the same fox I 
know that gave us the slip once before, but you're not 
going to play us that trick again." 

" ' Tip's deduction was accurately correct, for the fox r 
after a turn or two in covert, put his nose directly for 
Gray's Holts, hoping, beyond a doubt, to gain that city of 
refuge once more, and then to whisk his brush in the -face 
of his foes. But in this manoeuvre he was fairly out- 
generalled by the dog's tactics. Tip had taken a short 
cut, the chord of the arc, and, as the hounds raced by at 
some distance off, there I saw him,' continued Russell, 
' dancing about on Gray's Holts, throwing his tongue 
frantically, and doing his utmost by noise and gesture to- 
scare away the fox from approaching the earths. Perfect 
success crowned the manoeuvre, the fox, not daring to face 
the lion in his path, gave the spot a wide berth, while the 
hounds, carrying a fine head, passed on to the heather, and 
after a clinking run killed him on the open moor.' 

" Tip scarcely ever missed a day for several seasons, 
never appeared fatigued, though he occasionally went from 
fifteen to twenty miles to covert. He died at last from 
asthma in the Chorley earths, Russell having dug up to him 
and the fox in half-an-hour, but to his master's great grief 

158 The Fox Terrier. 

the poor old dog was quite dead. Russell looked upon his 
terriers as his fireside friends, the penates of his home ; 
nor was he ever happier than when to some congenial 
spirit he was recording the service they had done him in 
bygone days ; and vast indeed was the store from which 
he drew so many interesting facts connected with their 
history. One peculiarity of Tip's, however, must not be 
omitted : on a hunting morning no man on earth could 
catch him after he had once seen Russell with his top 
boots on. 

" Nettle, too, a prodigy of courage and sagacity, would 
follow no one but her master, and not even him except the 
hounds were at his heels, knowing full well that her services 
were only required in connection with the hunting field. 
Then there was the one-eyed Nelson, a genius in his way, 
and in point of valour a worthy namesake of England's 
immortal hero. Russell had run a fox to ground near 
Tetcott, the seat of Sir William Molesworth, but tiers of 
passages one under the other rendered the earth so perfect 
a honeycomb that the terriers were soon puzzled, nor did 
the diggers know what line to follow, there was scent 
everywhere. Nelson at length came out and at some 
distance off commenced digging at the greensward 
' Here's the fox,' said Russell, ' under Nelson's nose or 
I'll forfeit my head.' The dog went in again, and, mark- 
ing hard and sharp under that very spot, the men broke 
ground and speedily came upon the fox. Russell then, 
with his arm bared, drew him forth, and, setting him on 
his legs, treated his field to as merry a ten minutes 
over that wild country as man's heart could ever wish to 

Terriers bearing credentials so bright and high ought 

Survival of the Strain. 159 

surely to have become more popular than is the case, 
and, although occasionally one has heard of some show 
dog with this Devonshire blood on his grandsire's or 
grandam's side, the stud books do not quite reliably 
prove such to be the case. A dog like either Tip or 
Trump, if as good looking as described, would surely 
have been fitted for the show bench, and if a bit ragged 
in jacket and a trifle heavy at the shoulders such defects 
would not have been quite fatal to success in the eyes 
of the right sort of judges. 

That this blood is valued highly at the present day I 
have every reason to believe, as I hear that a few such 
terriers at this moment remain in the West of England. 
Mr. C. G. Archer, of Trelaske, Cornwall, still keeps a couple 
or two, and puppies from this strain now and then find their 
way to other parts of the country. A gentleman has com- 
municated with me as the possessor of just such a dog 
as Trump, described on another page. Still, he does not 
find that strain as it were "nick" well with others, and 
he was consequently anxious to obtain some other of the 
Devonshire cross in order to maintain the breed in all 
its excellence. Mr. Archer tells me that he has had his 
terriers for over thirty years, first obtaining them from 
his friend the Rev. J. Russell, and from his uncle, Mr. 
Walter Radcliffe, of Warleigh Hall. The breed has been 
kept pure and distinct, the dogs weigh i81b., the bitches 
from I5lb. to i61b. ; they are wire-haired, and in colour, 
white, with more or less black and tan markings, and 
without the slightest appearance of bulldog strain. Their 
owner gives them an excellent character when he says 
they are very hardy, inasmuch as they will go to ground 
anywhere, run all day with hounds, and for pluck and 

160 The Fox Terrier. 

endurance he has never seen their equal with either fox, 
otter, or badger. 

Perhaps here it may be well to follow the Rev. John 
Russell's terriers by mentioning one or two of the similar 
special strains which have not been bred for show purposes, 
and which perhaps may be defective in some little matter 
of straightness of fore legs, and not so long and narrow in 
the head as the " show-bench man" desires. Such as have 
been always bred for work and reared in kennels are 
hardier than the usual show strain, and can do a long day's 
hard work and walk happily home on its conclusion. The 
Edwardes', near Haverfordwest, have the Sealy Ham terriers, 
called after the family's country seat there. This is a 
short-legged, long-bodied, wire-haired terrier, mostly white 
in colour, with black or brown or brown and black mark- 
ings ; sometimes, like the ordinary fox terrier, it is pure 
white, and from i61b. to i81b. in weight. It is described to 
be of unflinching courage and a hard biter ; such a dog 
ought to be useful in improving the coat and general 
character of the modern " wire-hair," which certainly 
appears to require a fillip some way or other. The late 
Captain Edwardes, like all his family, was a devoted 
admirer of these little dogs, and was usually accompanied 
by a couple or so, even to the extent of taking them on 
to the platform with him at public meetings. He claimed 
for them great antiquity, as having been in their family a 
hundred years or more, and urged their ability to kill even a 
full-grown otter single-handed. The latter is what no terrier 
ever could do or will be able to do, although statements of 
such a thing having taken place repeatedly reach me, but 
proof is never forthcoming, and on inquiry I have invariably 
found that sticks and stones, iron-caulkered boots, and 

Mr. Cowley's Terriers. 161 

weapons of various kinds have done more to take the life 
of the poor otter than the bites of the animal for whom 
such a victory has been claimed. The Sealy Ham terrier 
is comparatively unknown out of that part of the Principality 
in which it is bred ; it seldom appears on the show bench, 
although about four years ago, in a class for " working 
terriers " Captain Edwardes exhibited one called Tip at 
Haverfordwest. Of this dog it was stated in the catalogue 
that its pedigree was known for a hundred years, and that 
it was warranted to go to ground to fox, badger, and 

An excellent strain of wire-haired terriers is carefully 
bred by Mr. J. H. B. Cowley, of Callipers, near King's 
Langley. Here, again, is a short-legged, long-bodied, hard- 
coated dog. I know of my own experience that there 
is no better strain for work, and Mr. Cowley is to be 
congratulated and thanked for having established a variety 
which, even more than the Sealy Ham terrier, is likely to 
be used for crossing the "show dog" with advantage to 
the latter. Mr. Cowley's dogs are bred for doing the 
work for which the terrier was originally brought into the 
world. It is a treat to see them either making their way 
to the badger or fox, or in the more plebeian yet equally 
enjoyable diversion of rat-hunting. Their owner follows 
the latter as one of the " fine arts." He has all sorts of 
appliances in the form of nets, rods, &c., with which to 
catch the rats when the terriers cannot reach them, and 
when they have been driven about by the ferrets. Mr. 
Cowley can set half a dozen of his dogs to watch half a 
dozen different holes, some within the buildings, some out- 
side. A rat scuttles about, bolts, and is quickly snapped 
up by the terrier watching for him ; but another terrier 


162 The Fox Terrier. 

only a few feet away takes no heed of this, but watches 
his own hole and patiently awaits the appearance of his 
rodent. From the work I saw not long ago, I came to the 
conclusion that, in addition to being " game," these short- 
legged, smart little wire-hairs were exceedingly sagacious 
and easily kept under command the latter about as 
valuable a commodity as the former. 

Mr. Cowley, who usually keeps from four to six couples 
of fully-grown terriers in his kennels, says some of them 
are so game when underground that they receive a 
greater amount of punishment from a wild badger than 
would a less hard-fighting dog. Mr. Cowley obtained his 
first dog from Patrick, stud groom to the Old Surrey Fox- 
hounds, a wire-haired bitch which showed a little of the 
bulldog about her face and eyes. She was bred to a son 
of the whilom smooth-coated notability Tyrant ; both were 
very game. Then puppies from this cross were put to a 
cross-bred bitch called Sting, which came out of Cornwall ; 
she was particularly useful in every way, and directly 
from her are descended most of the present inmates of the 
kennels at Callipers. From time to time fresh blood has, 
however, been introduced from the hardiest strains of the 
modern show dog, pains always being taken to select the 
short-legged, low-set terriers, which are considered by Mr. 
Cowley to be the best for his purpose, for work under- 
ground, where he believes long legs are actually in the 
way. At any rate, this is his opinion. I, however, consider 
that in a mountainous district where the earths are exten- 
sive and amongst the rocks, a rather long-legged dog is 
better than a short-legged one, as the former can scramble 
over the boulders better than the latter, and is generally 
more active. However, Mr. Cowley proceeds to say that 

Crooked Legs. 103 

in selecting his puppies he prefers the shorter-legged ones, 
which, if they enter all right, are kept and crossed as 
occasion may require. No dog is, however, used unless 
his credentials as a worker are of the best, and his care in 
this has no doubt been the leading cause for the success 
of his strain. 

" The points I try to breed for," continues Mr. Cowley, 
" are especially a long, powerful head, small drop ears, 
and weather-resisting jackets ; if a little long in the back, 
they are none the worse for work underground, where they 
can turn and twist about better than a very short-coupled 
dog. Nearly all animals that live much underground are 
made thus, long in the body compared to the length of the 
legs, such as moles, weasels, polecats, badgers, &c. 

" I try to breed my terriers as straight in the legs as I can, 
but, like most short-legged members of the canine race 
dachshunds, Basset hounds, Dandie Dinmonts, Scottish 
terriers, and some spaniels, to wit it is difficult to get them 
perfectly straight. I would not draft an otherwise good 
dog because he turns his toes out. As for weight, I like 
i61b. for dogs, and i4ilb. for bitches. At these weights 
they can possess bone enough and have their ribs suffi- 
ciently well sprung, and need not possess such exaggerated 
narrow fronts which a big dog must have if he is to get 
into an ordinary-sized earth suffering, consequently, from 
insufficient room for play of lungs and heart. For all work 
that a terrier is called upon to do, I think a i61b. dog is the 

So say I, and it is because there was, and is, a tendency 
to get our fox terriers, both rough and smooth, too big, that 
recourse has been had to breeding them with narrow, un- 
natural fronts, giving a stiltiness and stiffness to their 

M 2 

164 The Fox Terrier. 

possessors which are most objectionable features in a 
terrier. Moreover, the shoulders are thus made to appear 
too upright. 

There are doubtless other strains of working terriers in 
addition to such as I have already named, but none of 
them, so far as I am aware, have sufficient identity and 
character of their own to merit special recognition, and, 
besides, most of these local varieties are, as a rule, brown, 
or black, or dark in colour, which is very much against 
them in the field of sport. Scottish terriers, Welsh terriers 
indeed, any kind of terrier not white used with a pack, 
is liable to be killed, hounds in their eagerness and excite- 
ment too often taking their willing little assistant for the 
fox or otter and acting accordingly. Many a good terrier has 
so met an untimely end, whilst had he been white no such 
fatality would have befallen him. And similar remarks 
apply to dark-coloured terriers when used with the gun in 
covert, for a careless shooter is only too apt to take Scottie, 
or Taffy, or Paddy for what he is not, and give the poor 
-dog a charge of the shot which was intended for the hare 
or rabbit. 

Remarks made earlier with regard to the character of 
the smooth apply equally to the wire-haired terriers ; and 
where the latter are not able to bolt a fox or otter, the 
reason is because they have never been educated so to do. 
Here is Mr. W. Carrick's prize dog, Carlisle Tack ; look at 
him, and does there appear to be any reason to doubt his 
gameness ? A terrier every inch, built on racing lines 
almost, without any lumber about him, and with powerful 
jaws ; the artist having flattered him in the latter respect 
as he has done in coat. His weight is iylb., he is all white 
in colour, was born May 5th, 1884, and has won many 

Jester. 165 

prizes (including the fifty guinea challenge cup offered by 
the Fox Terrier Club), at all the leading shows. Tack is 
generally considered to be almost the best of his variety 
ever exhibited. His chief defect lies in a scantiness of 
coat on his sides and ribs, and down his legs, but what 
there is, is of good, hard quality. Why the jacket is thin 
can easily be seen, for his sire Trick had for his dam Patch, 
a smooth-coated bitch by Buffet out of Milly, who was like- 
wise a smooth-coated bitch descended from the Trimmer 
family. This Patch must not be confounded with other 
terriers of that name, as has been the case, for she was 
owned by Mr. A. Maxwell, and was not the bitch of Mr. 
Proctor's, that came from an adjoining district in Durham. 
Tack's mother was the wire-haired bitch Lill Foiler, whose 
dam was said to be a grand-daughter of the Rev. J. Russell's 
Fuss, but whether this was the case is doubtful. Lill Foiler, 
too, had " smooth blood " in her veins, and possibly to 
the late Jester, sire of Trick, a pure terrier of the old 
stamp, Tack owes his quality. Indeed, Jester has been 
of such service in promoting the excellence of at least one 
side of the present, that some description of him may be 
given. Tack, at the time of writing (at the close of 1894), 
is still in good health and form, evidently having taken a 
fresh lease of life after his retirement from the show bench 
half-a-dozen years or so ago, and a son or two of his were 
shown at Derby in November, 1894. 

Jester, by Pincher out of Fan, born in September, 1877, 
was bred by Mr. S. Rawlinson, Newton Morrell, near 
Darlington. There were three in the litter, all dogs, two 
died in puppyhood, and his sire being sold, the alliance 
between him and Fan was not repeated. Jester's dam 
came from Mr. M. Dodds, Stockton-on-Tees, son of an 

166 The Fox Terrier. 

ex-member of Parliament for that borough, and not to 
be confounded with Jack Dodds, from whom the last 
owner of Jester, Mr. A. Maxwell, Croft, purchased his 
favourite. Jack Dodds is brother to George Dodds, for 
many years huntsman to the Hurworth, and who, in his 
now advancing years, has charge of Mr. T. Wilkinson's 
otter hounds at Neasham. It is very curious that with 
such a dog, and one that has produced such stock, the 
pedigree cannot be traced any further than given here. 
His sire Pincher was a prize winner on many occasions, 
and, between 1869-71, was, with Mr. Donald Graham's 
Venom, considered the best specimen of the day. 

Jester, up to his twelfth year, was as strong on his feet 
as ever, and hardly possessed a broken or cankered tooth 
in his head. His constitution thus must have been 
thoroughly sound. He was not shown until five years 
old, when he won first prize at Knightsbridge, on the 
occasion of the Fox Terrier Club's Show being held 
there, and later he scored further successes, never being 
shown without some card of honour. Weighing i81b., 
Jester had a coat like pin wire, plenty of it down his 
sides and legs, even to his feet, which are thickly padded 
and close ; he excels, too, in the colour of his eyes, and 
the ears are small and well carried. He died when he 
was over fourteen years old, and has a memorial mound 
erected to his memory at Croft. 

Prior to the introduction of the Jester blood, and so 
early as 1876, a strain was developing, which came from 
a terrier called Broom, shown by Mr. Henry Lacey, of 
Manchester, in 1875 and later, and although this was a 
dog I never liked, and looked a commoner (he had no 
pedigree whatever, and could not even boast of being 

Notable Wire- Hairs. 167 

sprung from an eminent North Yorkshire strain like 
Jester could), his influence remains to this day, and many 
of his descendants have proved as good terriers as man 
could desire, i.e., so far as looks are concerned. 

A short resume of the connecting links between the 
best wire-haired terriers from that time until the present, 
may be interesting, and from Broom to Mr. G. F. 
Richardson's Bramble, who took rank as one of the best 
of her variety, is not a great leap. Her size was her 
one fault, she being a well-made strongly-backed bitch, 
scaling well on to 2olb. weight. She was a granddaughter 
of Shirley's Tip, and following her may be mentioned 
Young Broom, who, though by no means a good one to 
look at, has likewise left his mark in another direction, 
by being the sire of Mr. Colmore's (Burton-on-Trent) 
Turk. Then there pops in Jack Terry's (Nottingham) 
Pincher, and this animal, though moderate in appearance, 
through Gyp became the grandsire of Burton Wild Briar. 
Mr. Lindsay Hogg's (Middlesex) Topper, a successful 
terrier on the bench, is a common enough name in modern 
pedigrees, as is that of his sire Sir W. Johnstone's Topper, 
the latter through Mr. Richardson's Splinter. The year 
after Mr. Hogg's dog had made his debut, Birch and 
Thorn appeared, and some breeders consider that the 
fine terrier-like expression, lovely eyes, and general 
quality possessed by Brittle (a dog now in America, but 
when the property of Mr. Reginald F. Mayhew in this 
country most successful on the bench) are inherited from 
this Thorn (who may be better known as Spike), and which 
in turn Brittle has so often transferred to his progeny. 

With the exception of Cleveland Laddie (one of the 
fine charactered Yorkshire strains). Badger and Brush, few 

-168 The Fox Terrier. 

good terriers were produced for some time, until possibly 
1880, when Balance, Oakleigh Topper, Teazle, Toiler, 
Victor, Bundle, Nellie II., and Nellie III. (important as 
regards Vora's pedigree), and Balance were all introduced 
to the show bench. Such an array of wire-haired terriers 
had not previously been seen ; and Teazle was, perhaps, 
all round, as good a dog as has been produced since, but 
he was too big. From this period the wire-haired terrier 
became able to compete in quality, if not in quantity, with 
his more elegantly coated cousins, but not until some, 
years later did the time arrive when, at York Terrier 
Show in 1888, the judges were able to place a team of 
the wire-haired variety over one of smooths for uniformity 
of type, excellence, and quality, and those who favoured 
the former were jubilant at the victory. Such competitions 
were not long continued, and now there is a rule of the 
Fox Terrier Club which discourages the wire-haired and 
smooth fox terriers being pitted against each other. 

Amongst more modern celebrities must be mentioned 
that excellent dog Briggs, once owned by Mr. F. Wadding- 
ton, Bishop Auckland, which, after becoming the champion 
of the day, was sold to the present Lord Lonsdale, and 
ultimately, on account of his disputed pedigree, proved 
the hero of one of the most celebrated canine law cases of 
our time. No one needed a better-looking dog than Briggs, 
for, handsome and workmanlike, he possessed the once 
orthodox richly coloured black and tan head and a white 
body ; was game, had plenty of coat of the best texture, 
and his constitution was robust and good. His breeding 
and pedigree are unknown to me, nor do the Kennel 
Club Stud Books throw any light upon the subject. 

Mr. F. H. Field's (later Lord Lonsdale's) Miss Miggs 

Eskdale Tzar. 169 

has been said to be, by some good judges, the best of all 
the wire-haired fox terriers of any time, and indeed there 
was little fault to find with her even if she were ig\b. 
weight, which her traducers said was the case. Possibly 
she could gallop faster than Briggs, for she was leggier 
and not so deep in the chest, and her less gaudy mark- 
ings lent to her a gamer and hardier appearance than 
the " great assize trial " dog possessed. Miss Miggs 
had a sister, too, called Mischief, an earlier litter, almost 
as good as herself; and Mr. Carrick's Vora, with her 
well-shaped head and perfection in character, must not 
be forgotten. This was a bitch not quite so straight on 
her fore legs as she might be, but one of the workmanlike 
sort ; so was that charming little dog Mr. J. W. Corner's 
Eskdale Tzar, a special favourite of mine, and, though not 
more than i5lb. weight, he looked able to do anything that 
could be required of him, and his beautifully dark eyes, 
bright, determined look out, hard coat and equality of build 
and form made him a difficult dog to beat anywhere. 

About this period I, from time to time, judged several 
excellent classes of wire-haired terriers at Darlington and 
other shows in the north, and was much struck with the 
extraordinary character some of the, so-called, commoner 
bred dogs possessed. They might be a little wide in front, 
or wrong a little one way or another, still there w r as no 
getting over the fact that they were terriers. Occasionally 
it became somewhat difficult to award the prizes, for a wide 
chest or one crooked leg, a sprung toe, lightish bone, 
softish coat, biggish ears, might be possessed in turn by 
some of the best animals. Character with me always had 
its effect, and a dog that looks game and determined is 
pretty well sure to be so. Master Johnson, of Croft, 

170 The Fox Terrier. 

showed a terrier 2olb. weight or more, which, but for his 
large size, would have been the best of his day. A softish 
coated dog, Mr. M. Harrison's Ajax, which I gave some 
prizes to, I again met, this time away in Dorsetshire, at 
the Sherbourne Hound Show in 1885, where, exhibited 
under the name of Lynx by Moss, Lord Portman's hunts- 
man, he took the first prize for terriers that had run with 
hounds. On inquiry I found he was good at his work, 
and in every way a credit to the north-country strain 
from which he sprang. He was always about the place 
when reynard required shifting from his stronghold, and 
could drive him with but little trouble. 

North Star (afterwards Sam Weller), another good one, 
but a bad shower and requiring trimming, I should say, 
did as well in the south as in the north, being for a 
year or two often in the prize lists. This dog had an 
abundance of coat, but such celebrities as Timothy Foiler 
formed one of a galaxy not so well off in this respect. 
Trick, another of Mr. Carrick's, was a good sort of dog, 
though a little common in appearance, and showing, to 
one with even half an eye to character, that he was 
a little bit of the " Creole" as crossed between the two 

Although I have already mentioned a number of tip-top 
terriers from the border city, another dog equal to any 
was awaiting us at the Kennel Club's Show, which took 
place in February, 1889, at the Alexandra Palace. This 
was a white puppy called Carlisle Tyro, just about the right 
size for his age, iylb. in weight, and allowed to be the 
best of his kind seen, at any rate of late years, by Tack 
(whose portrait is given elsewhere) from Vice. Tyro was 
pupped on February 2Qth, 1888, thus being well on to 

A First Appearance. 171 

twelve months old when he first appeared on the show 
bench. This initial success was unprecedented, for, not 
only did he win first prize in the puppy class, with that 
right good judge Mr. Harding Cox officiating, but also 
secured leading honours in the open dog class, in the one 
for novices, and the produce stakes too, which brought in 
altogether iy/., not a bad stroke of business by any means 
for a youngster. In addition to these money prizes Tyro 
also beat all other wire-haired for the Fifty Guinea 
Challenge Cup and the extra Twenty-five Pound Cup 
for the best of all the fox terriers, rough and smooth, in 
the aforesaid produce stakes. This young dog's winnings 
were considerably over go!. Tyro takes after his sire in 
beauty and keenness of expression, but is a little stronger 
in jaw, possesses smaller ears, and excels him in quantity 
of coat ; in the latter lies Tack's greatest fault. Tyro's 
shoulders and loins, too, are powerful, his stern is neatly 
set on, his stifles are well turned, and his fore legs and 
feet are very good, though he at times stands not quite 
straight on them ; which fault, if it be one at all, prevents 
his having that wooden and stiff appearance nearly 
all the absolutely straight-legged terriers possess. I should 
like Tyro a little better were the pads of his feet thicker, 
and had he more hair down his legs. Still, the latter 
cannot be expected in a terrier bred as he is with smooth- 
coated strains in the parentage of both his sire and dam. 
The wonder is that his coat is as perfect as it is. 

Tyro's successful show bench career (though he still 
survives as a good workman and pleasant companion) was 
brought to an untimely and unexpected termination in the 
summerof the same year that had introduced him tothepublic. 
Exhibited at the Kennel Club's Show held at Olympia in 

172 The Fox Terrier. 

July, he was awarded the Challenge Cup and other prizes by 
the judge, Mr. A. Maxwell himself a well-known popular 
and highly-successful breeder of wire-haired terriers. On 
the day following the one on which the prizes had been 
announced, Mr. Maxwell made a further examination of 
Tyro, with the result that he formally protested against the 
dog, on the grounds that the ears had been tampered w r ith 
for the purpose of making them hang or drop properly. 
The matter came before the committee of the Kennel 
Club in due course, the protest was sustained, the dog 
disqualified, and all his honours were taken from him. Nor 
did an appeal and a subsequent re-opening of the matter 
four months later result in any further light being thrown 
on the proceedings. There were marks on the dog's ears, 
but it was stated they arose from scratches made by pig 
iron, amongst which the puppy had been reared at Barrow- 
in-Furness. Mr. Carrick was so much aggrieved at the 
decision of the Kennel Club in the matter that he im- 
mediately announced his intention of nisver exhibiting his 
terriers again, a decision by which he still abides. 

With the disqualification of Tyro, Mr. C. W. Wharton's 
Bushey Broom was awarded the Challenge Cup. This w r as 
a very good terrier indeed, and a much improved one since 
he first made his appearance on the show bench as Hermit. 
Then his nose had more than an inclination to be flesh- 
coloured, but it gradually darkened with increasing age, 
and at the time he took the Challenge Cup there was no 
fault to find with him in this particular, and little in any 
other. An all white dog, built very much on the lines of 
Carlisle Tack, weighing lylb., he is only beaten by the 
Carlisle dogs in length of head. Bushey Broom's coat is 
hard, and fairly dense ; his neck, shoulders, and front are 

Jack St. Lcger. 173 

quite good, so are his feet and ears. Moreover, his expres- 
sion is keen and terrier-like, and whenever Mr. Wharton's 
dog was in the class there was always a struggle as to 
whether he or an opponent secured the chief trophy. 
Bushey Broom was not quite two years old when he won 
this challenge cup. Mr. W. R. Mann had bred him, Mr. 
Wharton purchased him for 2$l. ; and he was very cheap 
at the money, for his pedigree is good, his sire being 
Oakleigh Hornet, by Foiler Broad Cleveland Terra, a 
granddaughter of Topper's, whilst his dam Whinblossom 
was by Teazle Nettle. Later, Bushey Broom was sold to 
Mr. H. L. Hopkins for 150, and continued his public career 
until by accident he lost one of his legs. 

At the Crystal Palace Company's first show, held in 
October, 1889, Mr. Harry Jones introduced a wire-haired 
puppy, bearing the somewhat odd name of Jack St. Leger, 
by Knavesmire Jest Jeannie Deans, by Raffle Deacon 
Diamond: rather an odd pedigree for the hard-coated, 
game-looking puppy which Jack St. Leger is. A terrier of 
an old-fashioned stamp, short-legged and long-bodied, he 
excels in the length of his head and strength of his jaw- 
But all round he is an extra-special sort of terrier, strong 
in bone, powerful in loin, and looking all over a thorough 
worker. Still, I believe that his shorter legs and longer 
body than those possessed by the whilom crack Tack 
should always place him below that excellent representative. 
The high opinion expressed of Jack St. Leger was amply 
maintained when he won three first prizes and the cup at 
the National Exhibition at Birmingham in December, 1891, 
he having in the meantime become the property of Mr. 
A. E. Clear, of Maldon, Essex. Jack has continued his 
victorious career up to the time this is being written, and 

174 The Fox Terrier. 

proved himself once more the Birmingham champion by 
taking chief honours there in 1894. 

Pickering Nailer, of considerable merit in many respects, 
like most of those bred in the district impjied by his name, 
was considered too big I did not think him 2olb. weight 
to please fashionable and fastidious modern taste, but he 
possessed a great recommendation, to the like of which no 
other modern representative lays claim. He was said to 
contain not even the most remote cross of the smooth 
variety, which may or may not be correct. Those who 
know his breed do not doubt the truth of this, but for aught 
we know Old Jester can lay a similar claim, for we are not 
aware that he contained any of the smooth-coated strains. 
Nailer was sire of several more than fair animals, Mr. 
Maxwell's Miss Taylor being the best of them. Brittle 
(for long resident in the United States), already mentioned 
as one of our leading wire-hairs, born in the midlands, had 
one of the hardest of coats, and no dog of his day excelled 
him in head, ears, and correctness of size. A little wide- 
ness at the shoulders and fore legs and shortness in neck I 
may say are about his only defects. Cavendish, Jack Frost, 
Barton Marvel, Jack's Yarn, Liffey, Dr. Beatty's Foiler, 
Tees Nap, Tees Topper, Lord Edward, Dirleton Nettle, 
Master Broom, deserve special mention, but before all will 
come the acknowledged champion bitch of her day, Mr. Sut- 
cliffe's Quantock Nettle. Since her debut at the Kennel Club 
Show as a puppy in 1887, where she was exhibited by her 
breeder, Mr. H. A. W. Aylesbury, Bishop's Lydeard, up to 
her retirement three or four years later, she was scarcely 
ever beaten by one of her own sex, and, with the exception 
of the rather large size of her ears, little fault could be 
found with her. Built much on the lines of Briggs, though 

A Lucky Dog. 175 

on shorter limbs and longer in body, her chest was unusually 
deep, she stood on straight legs, and was unusually powerful 
for an animal of her size. She was a daughter of Trick's 
from Lady Hazel, by Filbert Lady Relish, by Raby Pickle. 

An oddly-named terrier was the above-named Filbert, 
previously known as Pulborough Jumbo, a black-headed, 
determined-looking, rather leggy dog, who, from being 
entered in a catalogue at something like y/., came to be 
sold for ioo/. He did considerable winning in his day 
(about 1886-7), an d a person, who told me he was his 
breeder, related some strange stories as to its career. Jumbo 
was a cross-bred dog, said the man, and should have been 
drowned as a puppy ; somehow he escaped that fate as he 
did a second time when the cord was around his neck. Mr. 
Nutt got hold of him, showed him successfully, and then 
sold him as stated. Some dogs, like some human beings, 
have their ups and downs in this life, but Jumbo was a 
commoner in appearance, though a game-looking terrier, 
and I need scarcely say that his pedigree is not to be found 
in the stud book. 

I am afraid that within the past four years the wire- 
haired fox terrier has not been improving, and certainly 
no dog or bitch of any unusual excellence, or, to my 
mind, so good as some of a few years previous, has 
appeared. This is doubtless due to the continued crossing 
of the old hard-coated strain with the more modern smooth 
terrier. Besides, there has, somehow or other, been 
brought about an undue development of coat, soft and 
fluffy, which required artificial treatment to make it at all 
presentable. Indeed it has been said to be almost one of 
the " fine arts " of dog showing to be able to place a 
modern wire-haired fox terrier in proper fashion before the 

176 The Fox Terrier. 

judge. Two or three very glaring cases of trimming, by 
plucking, singeing, or cutting, were pointed out to me at the 
autumn show of the Kennel Club in 1894. But what seems 
to be everybody's business turns out to be nobody's, and 
the result is that no protests are made against the awards 
of prizes to dogs so trimmed, and so things go from bad 
to worse. And not always the most faulty are made an 
example of, for at the Fox Terrier Club's Show at Derby 
five terriers belonging to a well-known exhibitor were 
disqualified at the instigation of the judge, Mr. J. J. Pirn, 
for having their coats artificially " crispened " by the use 
of magnesia. This disqualification caused a considerable 
sensation at the time. 

Perhaps this practice of trimming is the reason why so 
many of the older exhibitors have discontinued their 
connection with the variety Mr. Percy Reid, Mr. Lindsay 
Hogg, Mr. S. E. Shirley, Mr. Harding Cox, Mr. W. Carrick, 
Mr. Colmore, and Mr. F. H. Field, to wit. Nor have their 
places yet been occupied, though Sir Humphrey de 
Trafford and Mr. A. E. Clear have large kennels of " wire- 
hairs " at the present time, and several good specimens. Mr. 
C. W. Wharton keeps showing some more than fair dogs, and 
so do Mr. S. Hill (Sheffield), Mr. C. Bartle (Wellingboro'),, 
Messrs. Castle and Shannon, Mr. J. Izod, Mr. Thurnall, 
near Kettering, and Mr. A. Damarell, in Devonshire. From 
Beverley Mr. E. Welburn at times brings out dogs of 
unusual excellence Prompter and Roper's Nutcrack, to 
wit. The former, judging from results, was certainly the 
dog of his year, for he won the Fox Terrier Club's challenge 
cup on more than one occasion, and until 1894, when he 
courted defeat by being shown in poor condition and coat, 
was always a hard nut to crack. He did, perhaps, best 

A Big Claim. 177 

in 1892, when he won at Birmingham, the Crystal Palace, 
and elsewhere. 

The sensational wire-haired terrier of 1894 was un ~ 
doubtedly the young dog Roper's Nutcrack, which Mr. E. 
Welburn introduced at Manchester, where, after winning 
all before him under Mr. J. A. Doyle, was claimed by 
Sir Humphrey de Trafford at the catalogued price of I5O/. 
This dog was bred at Penrith, but his blood is not 
fashionable, for which the terrier is not a bit the worse. 
He is rather heavily-built, and, to my mind, does not 
possess the character shown by such dogs as Tack, Jack 
St. Leger, and others already alluded to. Something of 
the type of the latter is a young bitch Mr. Luke Turner 
showed at the Kennel Club's Show in October of the same 
year in which Nutcrack came into prominence. This was 
a tan-marked terrier called Charnwood Marion, who made 
a most successful debut, and, although not in the best 
of form for the bench, pretty easily disposed of most of 
her formidable opponents. How good she is will be easily 
seen from her portrait on a preceding page. 

But I am perhaps rather anticipating, for there are other 
11 cracks " to note which made an earlier opening Mr. 
dear's Cribbage, who went to America, and his Jigger, to 
wit, both of the highest class. Then Cauldwell Nailer has 
done quite his full share of winning a dog which was pur- 
chased for about 2O/. by Mr. Thurnall, and afterwards went 
to Mr. Harding Cox for about six times that sum. He 
was but second class. Mr. A. Mutter, of Wandsworth, as 
soon as Lord Edward had retired, brought out another 
extra good terrier in the form of his pugilistically-named 
Tipton Slasher. This is one of the stamp of terriers after 
my own heart, and I do not think any the worse of him for 


178 The Fox Terrier. 

the brindled mark he has on his head or face. At the last 
Guildford Show it was hard lines that he was not awarded 
the special for the best sporting dog in the show, and 
for the best fox terrier, for he had won in a very good 
class, and is, in my humble opinion, a much better terrier 
than the smooth bitch of Mr. Gillett's which was placed 
over him. 

Mr. F. Baguley, of Wyck Hill, Gloucester, sometimes 
brings to the shows wire-haired terriers of character and 
possessing the right type, his Daylesford Brush being parti- 
cularly noteworthy. Mr. Izod's Valuer and Velocity have 
likewise made names for themselves, and so have Mr. S. A. 
Moore's Rustic Marvel, Mr. T. Watson's Pollok Tina, 
Mr. Mutter's Surrey Janet (now in Canada) ; more than 
useful is the puppy of Mr. Thurnall's called Cauldwell 
Scorcher; and worthy of note are Mr. BeacalPs Sunfield 
Frost, Mr. Bartle's Scorcher, Sir H. De Trafford's Barton 
Witch, and Mr. Corner's Rydale Pattern, who went to 
America for about 2O/., the cheapest terrier which was 
ever imported, and a marked contrast to Surrey Janet, 
who realised more than five times that sum. Mr. T. 
Pearse's Wellingboro' Teaser, bred by Mr. Bartle, is 
also a good dog at the time I write, and so is his Briar 

One of the terriers which Mr. E. Welburn introduced 
was Prompter, which, after winning at most of the lead- 
ing shows and changing hands several times, went into 
the kennels of Mrs. Butcher; but his race was soon run, 
and he was not in the prize list at all at the latest show of the 
Fox Terrier Club in 1894. Here there was such a collec- 
tion of wire-haired terriers as had not been seen for 
many years ; several excellent young dogs made their 

Good Prices. 179 

debut, and special attention was called to the represen- 
tatives from the kennels of Mr. C. Bartle, of Wellingboro', 
and of Mr. S. Hill, of Sheffield. The first-named has 
for some years shown an excellent type of terrier, which, 
like others of their race, contain some cross with the 
smooth variety. Still, in appearance they do not indi- 
cate such a strain, having hard, close coats, and with a 
fair amount of wire hair on their legs. Some of Mr. 
Bartle's terriers have been rather light in bone, but this 
cannot be said of his puppy Wellingboro' Judy, who 
came out at the show in question. She won pretty well 
all before her, and made a keen struggle with Roper's 
Nutcrack for the 5o-guinea challenge cup. It is possi- 
ble that Judy is one of the half-dozen best wire-haired 
terrier bitches we have seen, and in proof of this it 
may be stated that after the show she was purchased by 
Mr. J. H. Kelly for 1257. Mr. S. Hill has, at present, 
perhaps as strong a kennel of " wire-hairs" as any man, 
and for the most part its inmates are of his own breeding, 
his Meersbrook Bristles, Lordship, Magpie, and Serene- 
ness being two couples of terriers which as bred by the 
exhibitor have, we fancy, not previously been excelled. 
Unfortunately, most of these terriers were disqualified 
under circumstances alluded to earlier on. 

On previous pages I have given the particulars as to the 
formation of certain kennels of smooth-coated fox terriers, 
and perhaps some little information as to what has been 
done with the wire-haired variety may not be without 
interest. Mr. Enoch Welburn has already been mentioned 
as an admirer of the wire-haired fox terrier, and as the 
owner of some of our very best specimens in late years the 
following particulars of two or three of them will go to 

N 2 

180 The Fox Terrier. 

prove that no little amount of skill and judgment are 
required to enable a man to make a good selection. Take 
the dog Prompter, for instance, bred by Mr. W. Beec.roft, of 
Malton. Mr. Welburn noticed him at Pickering in 1890, 
where he did not get into the money, owing, doubtless, to 
bad condition. The dog was then called Little Joe. Mr. 
Welburn saw good in him, and three days later became his 
owner for I2/. At Knaresborough a month later Mr. 
Maxwell awarded him the honours as the best fox terrier in 
the show, and, after other successes, his owner had the 
extraordinary offer of " a carriage and pair of horses " for 
the dog, which was refused. A short time before, Mr. 
Welburn had purchased from Mr. C. W. Wharton his 
champion Bushey Broom for I5O/. on behalf of Mr. H. L, 
Hopkins, who had also heard a favourable account of 
Prompter. Finally Mr. Hopkins gave Bushey Broom and 
yo/. for the " new dog," who thus in reality was sold for 
the equivalent of 22O/., which is doubtless the most money 
ever paid for a terrier of this variety. 

Mr. Welburn next purchased two brothers called Propeller 
and Promoter, with which he won many prizes, the former 
at Gloucester, under Mr. Vicary, being placed over Mr. 
Toomers Russley Toff, a dog which later as D'Orsay 
attained such celebrity, and about whom I have already 
written. The owner of the Beverley Fox Terrier Kennels 
did not find any more similar plums until the commencement 
of 1893, when at Derby he came across Roper's Nutcrack 
in such bad condition that Mr. Pirn failed to give him any 
prize at all. However, Mr. Welburn purchased the dog for 
2O/. from Mr. Holmes, of Sunderland, got it into condition, 
and entered it successfully under Mr. James Taylor at St. 
Helens, then at Manchester under Mr. Doyle, both in 1894. 

Mr. Welburn's Kennel. 181 

At the latter show Nutcrack attracted considerable attention, 
and several good offers were made for him, one especially 
by Mr. Rufus Mitchell. Then Sir Humphrey de Trafford 
stepped in and claimed Nutcrack at his catalogue price 
as already stated. Since that time the dog has done a 
great deal of winning, and attained his zenith by secur- 
ing the 5o/. challenge cup at the Derby Fox Terrier Show 
last year, though later at Birmingham he was defeated by 
Jack St. Leger. 

Most of these terriers of Mr. Welburn's, all of them in 
fact, like pretty w r ell all other leading wire-hairs of the 
present day, have a considerable dash of "smooth-coated 
blood" in them. Bred by Mr. Warwick, of Penrith, Roper's 
Nutcrack is by Ashton Trumpeter, by Ashton Trumps, by 
Pitcher ; his dam is without pedigree, but she came from 
Newcastle-on-Tyne. Prompter's dam Moss was a good 
little bitch, very much after the stamp of the late Jack 
Frost, but even more cobbily built, and his sire Little Swell 
was by Halifax Swell, by Mr. Luke Turner's Spice. 

So much for the wire-haired fox terrier as he is found in 
this country A.D. 1895, and the best of the bench winners 
have been or are still owned by Mr. W. Carrick (brother 
to the respected master of the Carlisle Otter Hounds), 
the late Mr. Donald Graham, Mr. Harding Cox, Lord 
Lonsdale, Mr. Lindsay Hogg, Mr. R. F. Mayhew (now 
in America), Mr. A. Maxwell, Mr. J. W. Corner, Sir 
Humphrey de Trafford, Mr. A. Damarell, Mr. S. E. Shirley, 
Mr. Percy Reid, Mr. J. G. Pirn, Mr. A. E. Clear, Mr. C. W. 
W T harton, Mr. Mark Wood, Mr. F. H. Field, Mr. F. W. 
Fellowes, Mr. Jack Terry, Mr. H. A. W. Aylesbury, Mr. M. 
Hazlerigg, Mr. F. H. Colmore, Mr. M. Rickaby, Mr. T. 
Wootton, Messrs. Pease, Mr. S. Castle, Mr. S. Hill, Mr. 

182 The Fox Terrier. 

W. Thurnall, Mr. A. Mutter, Mr. W. Beeby, Mr. C. Murray., 
Mr. G. Raper, and others. 

I think this chapter contains abundant proof of the 
comparative modern manufacture of the wire-haired fox 
terrier as he is to be seen now. With the few exceptions 
named, even the purest bred specimens contain a large 
proportion of the smooth-coated strains, and as an example 
may be adduced Brittle, already named, who on the side 
of his dam Vamp is closely allied to the well-known 
smooth champion Result; for Racket II. (brother to 
Roysterer), the sire of Vamp, Brittle's dam, w r as by 
Brockenhurst Rally Jess. 

Whether the general cross between smooth and wire- 
haired fox terriers has had altogether the desired effect 
of improvement is a matter of opinion ; for myself, I have 
a leaning to the old dogs, pure and unadulterated, whose 
coats were hard and crisp, required no pulling and 
singeing, and whose ears were small and well carried, 
without the interposition of artificial means. 

The Fox Terrier Club has adopted a standard for this 
variety (as it has for the smooth-coated one), which is as 
follows : 

" This variety of the breed should resemble the smooth 
sort in every respect except the coat, which should be 
broken. The harder and more wiry the texture of the 
coat is, the better. On no account should the dog look or 
feel woolly, and there should be no silky hair about the poll 
or elsewhere. 

" The coat should not be too long, so as to give the dog 
a shaggy appearance, but at the same time it should show 
a marked and distinct difference all over from the smooth 

More Figures. 183 


Head and ears ... ... ... ... 15 

Neck ' 5 

Shoulders and chest ... 15 

Back and loin 10 

Hind quarters ... ... ... ... 5 

Stem 5 

Legs and feet ... ... ... ... 20 

Coat 10 

Symmetry and character ... ... ... 15 

Total ... ... ... ... 100 

i. Nose white, cherry, or spotted to a considerable extent 

with either of these colours. 
2. Ears prick, tulip, or rose. 
3. Mouth much undershot or much overshot." 

The above description is by no means satisfactory, especi- 
ally so far as allowance for coat is concerned. The points 
for an actually distinguishing characteristic are far too 
few, a correct coat is worth 20 points, and an absolutely 
soft one should be a disqualification. Personally, I would 
far rather own a white terrier with a " spotted" or 
"cherry-coloured" nose, and a hard close coat, than I 
would one with a black nose and a soft coat. When 
this list of points was first issued, no disqualification was 
suggested in case the dog was " overshot " or " pig- 
jawed," to which I drew attention at the time, and it is 
pleasant to find that this suggestion of mine was adopted. 
However, it is to be supposed that descriptions of dogs, 
like the animals themselves, can never be perfect to all 
alike, and one honest judge's opinion is pretty much as 
good as another honest judge's if the public can only be 
brought to believe so. 

184 The Fox Terrier. 

It is no more than human nature that there is difference 
of opinion as to the merits or otherwise of a terrier. That 
which may be considered an almost fatal fault by one 
person, by another may be thought of little detriment. 
Some judges men, too, who bear a deservedly high 
reputation as such will put a terrier out of the prize 
list if it be even a trifle crooked on his fore legs or 
slightly heavy at the shoulders ; whilst another dog, 
narrow behind and weak in loins to my idea a far more 
serious failing is considered pretty well all right so long 
as its fore legs are set on as straight as rulers. As a fact, 
there are judges who have recently gone to extremes 
in awarding honours to these so-called " narrow-fronted " 
terriers. Such have been produced at a sacrifice of 
power and strength. Most of these very narrow-chested 
dogs move stiffly, are too flat in the ribs, they are de- 
ficient in breathing and heart room, and can never be 
able to do a week's hard work in the country, either 
with hounds or round about the badger earths or rabbit 

A sine qua non with some persons appears to be a long 
lean head, perhaps not quite so long and lean a one as 
that engraved near the end of this volume, still a head and 
jaw long enough, figuratively writing, to " reach to the 
bottom of a pint pot." There is danger, too, in an 
exaggeration in this direction, for, ninety-nine times out 
of a hundred, the longest and narrowest heads, greyhound- 
like in shape, are found on that stamp of terrier fittest for 
coursing matches. 

I fancy, whatever has been said to the contrary, that 
three people could not be got who, acting thoroughly in 
independence of each other, would judge alike a class of a 

Good Advice. 185 

score of dogs, especially if the quality were pretty even. 
It is even unlikely that the same two would select the 
same animal for leading honours. It is possible they 
might do this, but highly improbable. Fancy goes for a 
great deal, and we never yet had a couple of dogs, or 
other animals, brought together which were absolutely 
alike. They may resemble each other, have a family 
appearance possibly, but exact counterparts of each other 

This difference of opinion is occasionally noted, but as 
many judges in the ring lean towards the decisions of 
each other just in the same way more mighty magnates 
do in the Law Courts and elsewhere, it seems less common 
than otherwise would be the case. One judge may prefer 
one type, another judge another. Take the last show of 
the Fox Terrier Club for instance ; here there were, 
especially in the groups of the smooths, two or three 
classes of uniform excellence that for open dogs and 
that for bitches, to wit. In the former all the animals 
were pretty well known. Connoisseurs knew what each 
had done, how each looked, and at the same time they 
were aware of the generally accepted opinion as to the 
respective merits of each. Still, it would have been hard 
to find another judge who would have placed them as 
Mr. Dale did on that occasion. Yet, no one could say 
that his decisions were at all wrong, and, as a matter 
of fact, he made his awards particularly well. Such being 
the case here, where all the exhibitors were well known, 
how would it have been could such a class have been 
placed before a judge, not one animal in which had won 
a prize or ever been shown ? There would have been 
some funny comments on the result, and it is probable 

186 The Fox Terrier. 

that which one man would have placed first, another 
equally competent and skilful would have placed the last, 
and both might have been in the right. The same way 
with the bitches at the same show, and one "good man" 
w r ent so far as to say Mr. Dale put the very worst in 
the class at the top. Perhaps he did do so, but who 
shall discriminate where judges disagree ? 

One could go on with these " might have beens" 
interminably, and it is the duty of all admirers of the fox 
terrier to give and take a little from each other, for 
only by so doing can their favourites be produced to that 
perfection we are all desirous of seeing attained. A 
general uniformity of excellence must be the guide in the 
show ring, and that man is the just judge who makes 
his awards most nearly in accordance with this rule 
and is not led away by a long, narrow head beautifully 
coloured, or abnormally straight fore legs, and these 
remarks apply to the rough and smooth varieties alike. 




'ME little instruction as to the general treatment 
of the fox terrier may be of use, though it is not 
my intention to deal with the matter more than in 
a general manner. In the first place, he who is desirous of 
becoming an exhibitor of high-class specimens, or keeping 
such for other purposes, had best, as a commencement, rest 
contented with a Very small team, and such as he cannot 
actually keep at home must be put out to walk with suitable 
householders. The reason for this has been already stated. 
The cost varies according to the locality, and is usually 
from one shilling to two shillings and sixpence per week 
for each dog. In order to obtain what he requires, if the 
would-be purchaser has no skilled friend from whom to ask 
advice as to selection, he must visit the shows, see what he 
likes, and act accordingly. Or he may place himself unre- 

188 The Fox Terrier. 

servedly in the hands of some respectable dealer (and 
there are such), who will supply his requirements. When 
the purchaser has secured his few terriers, he cannot do 
better than make companions of them as much as possible, 
and allow them to run about. Constant chaining up sours 
the temper, spoils the limbs, and injures the constitution. 

If new names are to be given, such must be registered 
with the Kennel Club at 27, Burlington Street, London, W., 
the fee being one shilling per dog. The name selected, if 
not previously adopted, then becomes the sole property of 
the owner, so far as the shows held under Kennel Club rules 
are concerned. If the dogs are not intended for exhibi- 
tion, or only at such shows as do not adopt the Kennel 
Club rules, then there is no occasion for this registra- 
tion, excepting, perhaps, where pedigrees are likely to 
be of use in the future. The Fox Terrier Club supports 
a Stud Book confined entirely to fox terrier pedigrees, 
which is edited by Mr. Hugh Dalziel, who was its original 
founder, and is published by Mr. L. U. Gill, 170, Strand, 
W.C. I am afraid that in times to come the multiplicity 
of Stud Books will be found somewhat confusing, and we 
must not forget that we are catering for future generations 
as well as for ourselves. The fifth volume was issued in 
December, 1894. 

Even a novice, with a good brood bitch, an equally good 
dog, and, by judicious selection of sires, after the first 
generation, may soon form a kennel from which prize- 
winners can be produced. But let him begin in a small 
way. As the bitch is more or less out of order when 
she has reared her pups, being thin in coat and condition, 
it is not well to show her until about two months after 
the pups have left her. Nor would I advise breeding 

Shortening the Tail. 189 

from the same bitch more than once in a year, though 
it may be easy to get two litters of pups from her in the 
twelve months. 

When pupping let her be as quiet as possible, allow 7 her 
to take exercise up to the very last, and if she refuses to 
eat her meals for two or three days prior to her labour 
being near, lose no time in seeking suitable advice. During 
labour allow her milk, water, and good broth ; and feed 
well on the same things, with the addition of bread and 
meat, up to the time she ceases to suckle. A strong, 
healthy bitch can rear four or five puppies easily. The 
latter usually have their tails " docked" or shortened when 
about a week old, and, although it \vas once customary to 
do this by the kennel man, or someone else, biting off the 
portion, the amputation is now performed in a more civi- 
lised fashion by the aid of a pair of scissors or of a sharp 
knife. The hair being turned back, the flesh, &c., is quickly 
cut all round without going through the cartilage ; then, 
with a quick twist and pull, you draw out what appears 
to be a longish white cord or sinew adhering to the piece 
of tail so taken off. Cutting right through in the ordinary 
way very often makes an unsightly flat surface at the end 
of the stern ; but when the sinew is properly drawn, the 
tail rounds off, and the hair grows almost as it would 
have done had the docking not taken place. There is 
little pain to the creatures, not much blood flows, and 
the licking of the sore places by the dam soon heals the 
wounds, and the portion of the caudal appendage is not 
missed. Sometimes there are dew claws to be removed 
w r hich may be done at the same time as the tails are 

At a fortnight old the pups may be taught to lap milk, 

190 The Fox Terrier. 

and by so doing thus early, the strain on the constitution 
of the dam is much lessened, and the young ones, now 
growing strong, do not pull their mother about more than 
is actually necessary. When six weeks old they should be 
weaned, and, as this is done, a little opening and cooling 
medicine is of service to the dam. In sending the puppies 
to walk it is advisable, if possible, to have two at the same 
place. The one keeps the other out of mischief, they play 
and romp together, and are actually less trouble than if 
" walked" separately. Provide the person who is to rear 
them with some magnesia, and order a little to be given to the 
pups in milk every fortnight ; also instil into the " walker " 
the necessity of regularity in the time of feeding, and, in the 
first instance, the meals should be given at least six times 
daily. Little and often must be the motto here, which, 
if carried out in all cases, would do away with many of 
the weedy, " big-bellied" little creatures usually so delicate 
from the time of their birth until their early death, and 
always a trouble and annoyance to their owners. Instruc- 
tions must also be given as to sending for the owner when 
signs of illness of a serious kind are apparent. With the 
puppies it was my custom to hand over half a dozen of the 
alterative puppy pills now made by Hind, chemist, Kendal, 
with orders to give one whenever a pup appeared sickly or 
dull ; and several years' experience convinced me of their 
efficacy in minimising the more virulent attacks of dis- 
temper. I consider that washing puppies is injurious to 
them, and by causing a chill may lead to fatal complica- 
tions. Whenever they are troubled with fleas or other 
vermin, a good dusting with Keating's insect destroyer 
will be found safer than washing, no more disagreeable, 
and less troublesome. 

Ear Pads. 191 

As the young terriers grow older they require more 
food ; three or four meals a day will now be sufficient, 
and from the very first a dry bone to gnaw at and to 
play with invariably does them good, and at five months old 
or even a little earlier are an absolute necessity in assist- 
ing to loosen the puppy teeth and so preparing the way 
for the ordinary canines. Scraps of all kinds are the best 
food for the pups when in their " adolescence"; before that 
time bread and milk and scraps from the house are to be 
recommended, but the milk must be new and well boiled. 
Many persons are in favour of giving an occasional basin 
of butter-milk, which in any case can do no harm, and 
certainly clears out the bowels. The puppy biscuits and 
specially prepared meal manufactured by Spratt's Patent 
are excellent in every way, and I have found them 
extremely useful, convenient, and strengthening for young 

If there is a tendency in the ears of the puppies not 
to lay down or drop properly, nature may be assisted .by 
continually taking the youngster on the knee, and with the 
fingers working the ears into a proper position. It is also 
customary to fix them down with strong adhesive plaster, 
and enterprising tradesmen advertise what they call "ear 
pads," which are said to suit their purpose admirably. It 
seems that this sort of thing is allowed, but a custom, by no 
means unusual now, and quite common during the earlier 
epoch of dog showing, of cutting or breaking the cartilage 
of the ear, is considered to be fraudulent. Surely here we 
have a distinction without much difference. 

All puppies much undershot that is, where the under 
teeth project in front of the upper ones should be de- 
stroyed. If the malformation is not great, during the time 

192 The Fox Terrier. 

the full teeth are growing, continual pushing them back by 
the gums may be of avail in making them become level. 
I had a case of this kind in which the cottager at whose 
house the puppy was being reared, took so much pains that 
when fully grown the teeth were as level as possible ; yet, 
when commencing to push away the puppy teeth, the 
appearance of being undershot was very apparent. Puppies 
very much overshot, or " pig-jawed/' should be treated in 
a similar fashion. 

Cleanliness is not to be forgotten ; dry bedding and 
as much fresh air as possible. At three months old 
the juvenile terrier may have a collar occasionally put 
on him, and a little later get him accustomed to the sight 
and rattle of a chain. Many dogs never take kindly 
to a "lead" because they are spoiled in their training. 
Produce the chain or cord when you are taking him for a 
run out in the country. He likes this, and in a short time 
will have sense to associate the appearance of the " lead " 
with the long-wished-for ramble, and behave accordingly. 
If you try to initiate your young dog into chain and collar 
discipline by fastening him to a table leg or anything else 
handy, he will struggle and pull, make himself uneasy, do 
no end of mischief, and in the end shrink from the chain 
when it is produced again, with as much horror as he 
would from the whip or stick by which he has been 
corrected. I have myself won more than one prize in the 
show ring with a comparatively inferior puppy because he 
was smart on the chain, and did not dangle his little piece 
of tail between his legs. 

If you wish to keep your terrier in the house and make 
him useful in that respect, care must be taken not to over- 
feed him ; and, at any rate until he gets fully grown and 

Hints on Training. 193 

knows " what is what/' never neglect to allow him a run 
outside the last thing at night this will instil into him the 
desirability of cleanliness. So far as chastisement is con- 
cerned, never thrash or rate a dog unless you are sure he 
knows what such punishment is for. As a fact, it does all 
the harm and not an iota of good to punish a dog half an 
hour after a fault has been discovered. The penalty must 
always expeditiously and promptly follow the crime. Never 
strike a dog with a stick, a birch rod is better, and a whip 
best of all. Neither is, however, necessary, and a strong 
word spoken at the proper time is in eight cases out of ten 
a better remedy than a thrashing would be. Any dog ought 
to be well kept under the command of his owner, otherwise 
it is a nuisance. Never bully or annoy your canine com- 
panion, or it will resent such useless interference ; give 
him as much exercise as possible, bearing in mind the fact 
that any dog requires more exercise than he obtains by 
the exertion of wagging his tail. 

Terriers and house dogs generally have far more sense 
than many people give them the credit of possessing. It is 
funny to see a dirty little street boy, or even one well 
dressed and who should know better, spy some unfortunate 
dog as he runs along some distance away from his master. 
The lad, probably fancying the dog has gone astray and is 
lost, picks up a stone and pretends to throw at the animal ; 
or maybe he waves his stick at it, and, in the absence of 
either, he will content himself with grinning or " pulling a 
face " at the poor quadruped. Then the fun comes in ; the 
dog snarls, growls, and goes for his natural enemy, the 
" small boy," who bolts, and perhaps runs home to his 
parents crying and bearing a sad tale as to some mad dog 
or other. There is no doubt that an ordinary terrier can 


194 The Fox Terrier. 

distinguish from a person's features, or from his general 
demeanour, his disposition to the canine race, and of 
course it is but natural for the quadruped to act accordingly 
he has not yet learned the art of dissembling, though his 
master or mistress may be past masters therein. 

Parents ought never to allow their children to strike the 
dog, nor to take a bone or anything else which he is eating 
out of his mouth. He may put up with such treatment 
once or twice, but in the end will be sure to prove his 
aggrievement by angry growls and the use of his teeth. 
Fox terriers, as a rule, are unusually fond of children, but 
they are only like other varieties of their race, and cannot 
put up with too much pulling about and ill-treatment. 
Some time ago I was out fishing, accompanied by a favourite 
terrier one which delighted to romp with the youngsters, 
and was, as a fact, amiability itself. The inevitable " small 
boy," stick in hand, came along, and, as Jack stood back 
from the river, that boy made a switch at him. Jack growled, 
raised his bristles, and walked around that " small boy " in 
a manner which was simply delightful to me. The stick 
was dropped, arms fell limp by the side, Jack still growling 
and showing his teeth ; so I called him up, chid him gently, 
and the " small boy " walked away, forgetting to pick up his 
plaything. He then began blubbering, so I wound up my 
line, and talked to the boy, instilling into him the advice 
that in future he would not attempt to molest little dogs 
which were not interfering with him. Jack no doubt gave 
a lesson that its recipient would never forget. 

Do not omit to reward the man (or his wife or children) 
who has walked the puppies that turn out well, either as 
winners or otherwise. 

If at six months old or so the puppy is very crooked 

Medicinal. 195 

in his fore legs, possesses enormous ears, is likely to 
grow into a twenty-four pound dog, or has any other 
failing sufficiently exaggerated as to quite spoil his appear- 
ance, destroy him at once, as perhaps you have done 
others earlier on. Inferior dogs are not worth the cost of 
rearing, and the country already contains plenty of such 
without more being added to the number. By no means 
is it a bad plan to give your four or five months old puppies 
a slight dose of newly-ground areca nut, from 10 to 20 
grains, according to their age, especially if you have found, 
or suspect, worms present. When you have decided to do 
this, be careful to have the stomach empty by keeping the 
patient without food of any kind for twelve or fourteen hours. 
Then, following the nut, in two hours administer a dessert- 
spoonful of castor oil and buckthorn. These are simple 
remedies, and in fully grown terriers the fasting must be 
enforced for twenty-four hours, 25 grains of the areca nut 
and 2 grains of santonine administered in milk, or made up 
into a bolus, followed by a tablespoonful of the castor oil 
mixture. A vermifuge may even be given when the pup- 
pies are on their dam, if worms are suspected. Half a 
grain of santonine in a teaspoonful of olive oil, administered 
two or three times at intervals of as many days, will be 
found free from danger to everything but the worms. 

At from four to six months old, during dentition, or when 
younger, perhaps when older, distemper may appear, and 
this often fatal complaint is always to be dreaded. Many 
complications can ensue, but if the puppy has been reared 
according to the directions thus shortly given, in ninety 
cases out of a hundred the attack will be slight. If very 
severe, the veterinary surgeon should be called in to see 
the sick animal ; but ordinary cases will be cured by the 

O 2 

196 The Fox Terrier. 

remedies advertised by Spratt's Patent, which should be 
kept handy for cases of emergency. I may say that during 
some ten years or so, when I bred and kept fox and other 
terriers of " blue blood/' I never lost a single animal from 
distemper, and the only one severely attacked was the well- 
known dog Nimrod after he had won second prize as a 
puppy at one of the London shows. I need scarcely say 
that the instructions I am now giving my readers were 
rigorously carried out. 

Chorea, or " St. Vitus's dance," repeatedly follows dis- 
temper, and, excepting in peculiarly mild cases, is incurable. 
The usual medicines recommended are arsenic, sulphate of 
zinc, and nux vomica. I prefer Easton's Syrup, which is 
composed of strychnine, quinine, and iron. Give half a tea- 
spoonful in the food twice daily, gradually increasing the 
quantity till it is quadrupled. Let the patient lie in a warm, 
dry place, free from draughts, and his food must be light and 
nourishing. Massage, sea baths, and galvanism have all 
been recommended. My experience is that any attempt 
to cure a dog of chorea is a waste of time and money. 

Remedies for a cough are numerous, this, perhaps, as 
good as any opium and ipecacuanha each 8 grains, gum 
ammoniacum, squill pill and licorice each 30 grains, 
powdered rhubarb 16 grains, make into thirty-six pills and 
give one night and morning. Linseed tea, made strong, 
into which the juice of a lemon has been squeezed, is an 
exceedingly good remedy, giving a tablespoonful three or 
four times a day. 

Mange of one kind or another is likely to occur through 
negligence ; and, as prevention is far better than cure, 
cleanliness, with regular exercise and dietary, minimise 
the chances of such an outbreak. A useful remedy for 

Mange. 197 

eczema or red mange, one which can easily be compounded 
by the local chemist, is as follows : Olive oil and oxide 
of zinc, each i ounce ; tincture of arnica, 3 drachms ; 
water 8 ounces ; to be gently used on the sore places 
about three times daily. The ointment, green iodide of 
mercury one part, lard seven parts, is likewise good, and 
may be said to be almost infallible as a cure in certain 
cases of mange, though care must be taken that the 
patient licks none of it off. A little of this arsenical 
ointment ought to be well rubbed on the sore places 
on alternate days. A dose of Epsom salts, about as 
much as will lie on a shilling, each morning in addi- 
tion to either will hasten recovery. Another simple and 
excellent remedy is composed of 6 ounces solution 
of sulphate of iron ; water i pint ; the affected parts 
to be fomented therewith twice daily. Fowler's solution 
of arsenic may be prescribed with great advantage in the 
case of skin disease, and so long as ordinary care be 
observed there is little or no danger in giving even com- 
paratively large quantities. It must, however, always be 
taken with the meals, and the most successful results are 
gained by gradually increasing the dose. Thus commence 
with, say, three drops a day sprinkled on the food, adding 
one drop daily until ten drops are given. If there appear 
unusual signs of listlessness in the dog, and his eyes 
show a slight pink tinge, discontinue the drops altogether 
for a week, and then recommence w T ith the minimum dose. 
This treatment carefully followed will cure even the most 
obstinate cases ; but in no case should the solution be 
given for more than ten to twelve days consecutively. 
A mixed, wholesome diet, including only a fair propor- 
tion of meat, is best w r hilst the dog is under the influence 

198 The Fox Terrier. 

of the medicine. For more virulent mange, or what may 
simply be called true mange, the following will be found 
curative : Whale oil and sulphur, each 8 ounces, and oil of 
tar and mercurial ointment, each half an ounce. This 
must be applied at intervals of three days, and two or 
three applications ought to effect a cure. Clean bedding 
must not be forgotten in cases of skin disease. 

Canker in the ear is a common ailment, often brought 
on by damp and neglect, always troublesome to cure if 
allowed to run too long without being attended to. The 
early symptoms are easily discernable by the animal 
shaking his head and rubbing his ears with his paws. Of 
course he may do this from the presence of some foreign 
substance having accidentally got into the ear, which, 
however, seldom happens. If canker is appearing, a slight 
redness or inflammation will be seen on examining the 
inside of the ear, whilst the outside will likewise be found 
unduly warm, even feverish. Wash the ear out carefully 
with lukewarm water, allowing it to freely enter the 
passages, which is easily done by holding the head on 
one side. In an hour after doing this, having let the ear 
dry without allowing the patient to shake his head, apply 
the following lotion (in the same manner as the water had 
been used) three times daily : Alum, 5 grains ; vinegar, i 
drachm ; water, i ounce. Follow these directions carefully 
and a cure will result. The latter will possibly be hastened 
by morning doses of Epsom salts, and light food, bread and 
scraps from the house being the best regimen. Another 
useful recipe is the following : Olive oil, 8 ounces ; 
glycerine, half an ounce ; carbolic acid, quarter of an 
ounce ; Goulard's extract, 2 ounces. Care must be taken 
that the various ingredients are thoroughly mixed and the 

A Fatal Complaint. 199 

bottle well shaken before the preparation is applied, which 
must be done in the manner previously described. Where 
there are outward sores dress them daily with zinc oint- 
ment and ointment of yellow basilicon, using each on 
alternate days. 

Jaundice or " yellows " (inflammation of the liver) is a 
common ailment, which, unfortunately, is particularly fatal 
in its character where dogs are concerned. The symptoms 
are easily recognised, the yellowness in most cases being 
first apparent in the eyes or under the fore legs. Calomel 
is the usual remedy, a pill containing 2 grains and I grain 
of opium being given every six hours. Mustard plaisters 
over the region of the liver are to be recommended. Food 
during treatment : broths, and bread and milk well boiled. 
I would, however, recommend, in cases of such a serious 
nature, counsel from a skilled veterinary surgeon, or 
perhaps what would be better, recourse to the remedies 
made up by Mr. T. W. L. Hind, chemist, Kendal, which 
I have found pretty well infallible where the disease is 
attacked in time. Spratt's Patent, too, have somewhat 
similar remedies, which I have heard highly recommended. 

Sore eyes are sometimes troublesome, and a capital 
lotion used night and morning is cold tea, made fairly 
strong, of course without milk and sugar. Zinc lotion, 
as obtained from the neighbouring chemist, may be found 
useful. An excellent eyewash is as follows : Sulphate of 
zinc, 10 grains; laudanum, 30 drops; rose water, 3 ounces. 
Sometimes an ordinary running or watering of the eyes 
will be relieved by fomenting them night and morning 
with lukewarm milk and water. In more serious cases, 
when fears are entertained as to loss of sight from acci- 
dent or other causes, special advice must be sought. In 

200 The Fox Terrier. 

no case of sore eyes attempt to relieve them without 
careful examination to see whether any little piece of 
grit or other foreign substance is present. This must, of 
course, be removed. 

Sore feet are occasionally troublesome, usually taking 
the form of " gatherings," or eruptions, between the toes. 
If there are inflammatory symptoms, bread and bran poul- 
tices must be used. When the inflammation has subsided, 
the sores may be dressed with zinc, or any other healing, 
ointment. An excellent lotion, to be applied by means of 
a sponge or soft rag, is made as follows : Extract of lead, 
2 drachms ; tincture of arnica, i-|- drachms ; water, i pint. 
Use repeatedly. Until the sores are quite healed, allow as 
little exercise as possible, do not feed too freely, and a 
cooling aperient will be found useful. 

Some people appear to have difficulty in giving a dog 
medicine. As a fact, the ordinary quadruped likes it 
about as well as the average juvenile biped. Some 
powders may be given with the food ; pills and most 
liquids must be forced down the dog's throat. The 
mouth has to be opened, and this is best done by the 
owner, who holds his dog between his knees, the hind 
legs on the ground. A second party puts the medi- 
cine down the throat of the dog, which being done the 
mouth is closed until the dose is swallowed. This may 
be assisted by rubbing his neck, pinching his ears, or even 
by giving a biscuit. All dogs have a peculiar power of 
vomiting anything they do not like a faculty which 
they often bring into use where drugs are concerned. 
In such cases, immediately the medicine has been taken 
the patient can have his head tied up, by means of a 
chain and collar, in such a way that he cannot lower it. 

Common Poisons. 201 

So he must remain until a sufficient time for operation 
has elapsed. 

Castor oil and other capsules are to be obtained which 
may be particularly useful, especially where small dogs 
such as terriers are concerned. It must, however, not be 
forgotten that the stomach of the dog is delicate, and 
care should be taken in the administration of medicine of 
any kind, and it should not be resorted to unless actually 
required. In most cases a " hot nose " and general " out 
of sorts " appearance can be dispelled by a dessertspoonful 
of castor oil. Some people wrongly dose their dogs 
monthly, no doubt acting on a principle similar to that 
which prompted old Squeers to give his unfortunate pupils 
at Dotheboys Hall their weekly allowance of brimstone 
and treacle. 

One of the dangers to which dogs are liable is the 
careless use of poisons when laid with the intention of 
destroying rats and mice. The subject of emetics likely 
to be of use in all cases where poisons of various kinds 
have been taken, mineral and otherwise, is beyond the 
scope of this book. If you suspect your dog has obtained 
poison, and a chemist or surgeon (veterinary or otherwise) 
cannot be reached in a few minutes, seek to empty the 
stomach by administering that most useful emetic, luke- 
warm water, and follow this by giving milk and the white 
of eggs, or boiled flour and milk, or butter, lard, fat, or 
olive oil. Of course, if you have tartar emetic or sulphate 
of zinc handy, give a dose of either immediately. Castor 
oil later on will likewise be beneficial, and, if great 
exhaustion is apparent, brandy or wine or strong beef 
tea may be given. The poisons to which dogs are 
most liable are arsenic, phosphorus, and strychnine, 

202 The Fox Terrier. 

the effects of the latter being marked by frequent 
twitchings, contraction of the limbs, cramp, &c. Arsenic 
poisoning may, as a rule, be detected by swelling and 
apparent violent pains in the bowels, accompanied by 
purging, unusual feverishness, and an unnatural thirst. 
The symptoms of poison from phosphorus are a peculiar 
listlessness and giddiness, vomiting, and an aroma from 
the mouth not altogether unlike the smell of garlic or of 
lucifer matches. 

As I have said so much about the simpler ailments from 
which fox terriers, like other dogs, are so often sufferers, 
my remarks may be made more complete by a slight 
reference to rabies, of which I was reminded by receiving, 
in my connection with The Field, the following note from 
" R. J." (King's Lynn): "I was out shooting only last 
Wednesday with a small spaniel, an excellent one, and 
who appeared very well then. On Thursday morning I 
noticed a great weakness in her hind legs, and later on a 
most copious discharge of mucus, which hung in lengths of 
three or four inches on each side of the mouth, and which 
was so tenacious that I could hardly wipe it off. She had 
also a great difficulty in swallowing anything. On Friday 
I sent it to a man who has had great experience with dogs. 
It had not been at his place long before it was seized with 
a violent fit, and would doubtless have bit him had he been 
unprepared. It had several more fits, and yesterday it was 
destroyed. In the summer it had a habit of snapping at 
flies, and I noticed several times last week it would go into 
corners and snap in the same way, although no flies were 
about. On the Saturday and Sunday morning it took no 
notice of me, and did not seem to recognise me. I should 
much like to know your opinion of the case. Was it 

Useful Books. 203 

general paralysis, do you think ? The dog had had dis- 
temper." Here was a case of rabies in the most pro- 
nounced form, which an expert would recognise without 
any difficulty. Professor Brown says, " The history of the 
case proves beyond all doubt that an experienced sports- 
man may not only observe the symptoms, but realise their 
character so well as to be able to describe them with as 
much accuracy of detail as w r ould be expected of a practised 
canine pathologist, without at any moment entertaining the 
least suspicion that he was dealing with a rabid dog. The 
mischief which the animal may have done would be in 
some measure compensated if every sportsman and ow r ner 
of dogs in the kingdom could commit " R. J.'s" letter to 
memory, or, at least, hang a copy of it in some conspicuous 
place for the benefit of himself and his friends." Such 
being the opinion of one of our most eminent veterinary 
surgeons, I thought I could not do better than act on his 
suggestion and republish the note and his comments in the 
most conspicuous place over which I had control. 

This volume is not intended to deal fully with the diseases 
and ailments of dogs, and readers who wish to know more 
about them may with advantage study " Stonehenge on 
the Dog in Health and Disease," and Professor Woodroffe 
Hill's " Diseases of the Dog." If lower-priced volumes 
than these be required, I can recommend the shilling 
work, " The Diseases of Dogs," published by L. U. Gill, 
171, Strand, London. Then excellent remedies for the 
various disorders are nowadays made up in handy forms 
by several firms, and those of Spratt's Patent, already 
mentioned, I have found to be especially useful and suc- 
cessful. Their dog medicine chest, or portable surgery, 
is the handiest and cheapest thing of the kind which can 

204 The Fox Terrier. 

be imagined. This enterprising company likewise issue a 
useful handbook, " The Common Sense of Dog Doctoring," 
which may easily find a corner in any house where a dog 
is kept, and no domicile ought to be without at least one 
specimen of the canine race, who will earn his living as 
a watch dog and as an agreeable companion. 

There is a possibility, though not a probability, that the 
fox terrier bitch when she has pupped may die, or be too ill 
to suckle her family. Then a foster mother must be pro- 
cured, whose pups having been destroyed, she should be 
allowed to become a little extended with milk, and one of 
the fox terriers placed with her and put to suckle. In 
nine cases out of ten she will take kindly to her foster 
child, and may be left with it, the others being placed with 
her immediately afterwards ; and, when she has been seen 
to lick and clean them all alike, the adoption may be con- 
sidered complete. The same when a puppy or two are put 
to her amongst her own offspring, and which may be done 
when your well-bred bitch has a more numerous litter than 
she can suckle. Puppies can, of course, be reared with 
ordinary milk given through the instrumentality of a child's 
feeding bottle ; but this is a troublesome method and one 
never practised excepting when the puppies, of unusual 
value, have been left orphans by the death of their mother, 
and when a foster parent cannot be obtained. Spratt's 
Patent, already alluded to, have provided what is con- 
sidered to be a good substitute for milk, in the form of an 
" orphan puppy food," which is convenient when the 
supply of milk from the dam is not sufficient for her 

With a possibility of the bitch, when in a certain condi- 
tion, getting loose and contracting a cross-bred or mongrel 

Luck in Breeding. 205 

alliance, care may be taken when such puppies are born 
in selecting one or more to keep with the bitch. Cases of 
superfcetation are not uncommon in the dog, and there may 
be mongrels and pure terriers born in the same litter. I 
was told of a particularly good fox terrier which a friend of 
mine desired to purchase. She, however, being a great 
favourite in the house, could not be parted with, and her 
owner said, " She is, no doubt, very nice to look at, but 
unfortunately her dam is a spaniel, and all her brothers and 
sisters are spaniels, too ! " 

Still another instance. The bitch Venom, grand-dam of 
some of my best terriers, after being mated with a fox 
terrier dog, formed a morganatic alliance with a Skye 
terrier. All the pups, with one exception, were Skye 
terriers, or, at any rate, half-bred ones. The exception 
was a white bitch with a lemon-marked head. Her life 
was the one saved, but merely to keep with the dam as a 
matter of kindness. At four weeks old she was sold for 
half-a-crown, and ultimately developed into one of the best 
bitches of the day Nellie by name who, in due course, 
had at least one illustrious family, an individual of which 
sold for more than ioo/., and all in that same litter which 
produced this " century puppy " became prize winners and 

Such instances show the amount of luck there may be 
in breeding terriers as in anything else. The bitch Jess 
(8037), by Grip Patch, from which most of Mr. A. H. 
Clarke's best terriers are descended (Result included), 
through her alliance with Brockenhurst Rally, was sent to 
me on approval just before Mr. Clarke bought her. She 
did not appear to me a likely model from which to produce 
champions, so, after keeping her a couple of days, she was 

200 The Fox Terrier. 

returned Had she better pleased me I would never have 
even dreamed of putting her to Rally. Thus, if Jess had 
come into my possession, the champion of his time, Result, 
would never have been born. 

The fox terrier reared and brought up on the lines 
suggested, if he be good enough to make his debut on the 
show bench, will require little or no further preparation ; he 
goes well in the chain (which must be about a yard long, 
with a swivel and spring at each end, a swivel in the 
middle, and each link so wide that the springs can be 
fastened therein), is smart and lively, free from disease, 
and a good wash the day before he has to appear on 
exhibition should be all that he requires. A tub in which 
he can stand up to his belly, lukewarm water, some good 
soap, willing hands, and in ten minutes he is ready to be 
well dried, and when taken out of the tub let the terrier 
give himself a hearty shake. A little powder blue in the 
water produces a good blue-white, which is better than the 
yellower hue ; and about an hour after drying the animal, 
hand-rub him well, and, if his coat is in good form, the end 
of each hair will sparkle and shine, and add quite an extra 
point to a chance of winning first prize. In commencing 
to wash the dog, do so, in the first instance, at his hind- 
quarters, and do not touch the head and face until the very 
last. The reason for this is obvious in the fact that no 
dog likes his head and eyes and ears being soused in 
water, be it hot or cold, or even intermediary between the 

Apropos of " powder blue." Some years ago I had a 
white fox terrier entered for a local show, and, being 
engaged until late in the evening preceding the exhibition, 
was unable to get home to superintend the washing. How- 

Tubbing the Show Dog. 207 

ever, when I did arrive, there was Gripper lying upon the 
arm-chair seemingly as white as snow, clean and sweet as 
willing hands could make him. My housekeeper, being 
fond of the dog, had "tubbed" him herself. Next morning, 
at seven o'clock, he had a run out, when, to my amazement, 
a blue shade appeared through the jacket, and, turning 
back the hairs, there was the skin of the little terrier as 
blue almost as though it had been painted ! Of course, an 
overdose of the powder had been used, and I need scarcely 
say Gripper did not appear in the show ring that day. 

A wire-haired fox terrier requires a little more attention 
than the smooth one, and it is the custom to trim and pluck 
the former to make him appear to the best advantage. 
Considerable skill and experience are required to do this 
properly, especially in the manner in which the hair is 
pulled off the face in front of the eyes. Then some strains 
require the jacket taking off the body in handfuls almost, by 
plucking, singeing, or burning ; others have their jackets 
made crisper or harder by artificial means, magnesia and 
alum being generally utilised for such purposes. Such pro- 
cedure is quite unfair, and I regret very much that the 
Kennel Club has proved its inability to put a stop to the 
practice. Indeed, this "faking" or trimming, by whatever 
name it is known, has come to' such a pass that a disruption 
was very nearly caused between the members of the Fox 
Terrier Club those who kept the smooth variety being, of 
course, opposed to the practice. Whether such trimming 
will continue with so little check, time alone will show ; 
but so long as it is tacitly allowed, which is the case in 
almost all instances, I do not in justice see why the owners 
of black and tan terriers should be disqualified for pull- 
ing any brown or white hairs out of their dogs, as they 

208 The Fox Terrier. 

undoubtedly would be were they discovered to have done 
so. Surely in these cases what is sauce for the goose 
must be sauce for the gander. 

The only method by which such malpractices are to be 
stopped is by drawing a hard-and-fast rule as to what 
constitutes this faking and over-trimming; and tacit consent 
having allowed a certain degree of latitude with some 
varieties, the difficulty of dealing with the abuse is con- 
siderably increased. Some competent person ought to 
be appointed whose duty it would be to make examina- 
tions and to lay objections, and not leave the latter, as 
is the case now, to the judge or to interested parties. An 
attempt to attain neatness and prettiness in the show dog 
is usually made by cutting the whiskers of bull terriers, 
black and tan terriers, and white English terriers, which 
is always allowed. By so doing, a perky and smart 
appearance is given to the dog, and so it became the 
fashion to do the same with fox terriers. Happily, so far 
as regards the breed of which I write, the custom has now 
almost lapsed, though occasionally one does come across 
a smooth fox terrier robbed of those useful appendages 
with which Nature had provided him. 

But to return to the washing of wire-haired terriers. A 
continual course of tubbing softens the coat of both 
varieties, and to remedy this in the one, various means are 
resorted to, as also for making a naturally soft coat feel 
harder and crisper than it really is. Here again " faking " 
crops in, but how to " fake " is not a gospel I intend to 
preach, and I mention it as one of the weaknesses in the 
system of modern canine exhibitions. 

That dog shows have done a great deal towards the 
popularisation of the fox terrier there is little doubt, and, 

The First Dog Show. 209 

when in a meditative mood, one is inclined to wonder why 
English sportsmen were so long in discovering him. 
Indeed, since the first dog show which took place at 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne in June, 1859, exhibitions have 
advanced as quickly as the railways did, and now over 
a hundred and fifty of one kind or another are Jield during 
each year, some of which are confined entirely to that 
variety of dog to whose merits I have endeavoured to do 
justice. Canine exhibitions have naturally their defects, 
but, so long as honourably conducted, they must continue 
to possess an improving influence on " dogdom " generally. 
There was a time w r hen many of our best dogs were in 
the hands of those who kept them solely for the purposes 
of profit, and whether that profit was obtained by sale, rat- 
killing, or fighting, made little matter, so long as the money 
came to hand. The only shows were those held in public- 
house parlours ; and to be known as the owner of half 
a dozen terriers was tantamount to being: considered 


" fast," and as having a liking for low company. Thus, 
no doubt, was derived the expression " going to the 
dogs." All this is altered now. 

Well-bred terriers and other varieties have become 
fashionable, and it is almost as difficult to find a house 
without a dog as guard and companion as it is to find one 
without a cat to kill the mice. Dog shows have provided 
pure-bred animals, and the fox terrier has proved himself 
the most popular of all. His colour is white, so easily can 
the careful housewife see when her pet requires tubbing, 
and his short coat carries less filth than that of the Skye 
terrier or any of his Scottish, Welsh, or Irish cousins. I do 
not know where we should have been with our dogs had 
not the shows been introduced when they were. Mongrels 

210 The Fox Terrier. 

would, no doubt, have continued in favour, and certainly 
there could have been little incentive for breeders to take 
the trouble they now do in the production of the most 
perfect specimens. Let grumblers rail as they will, I 
believe that dog shows have, like other institutions, their 
place and duty in this world, and their absence would be 
lamented. Individuals are about w T ho decry them; some for 
one reason, some for another. A few self-called humani- 
tarians allege that distinct cruelty is perpetrated upon that 
dog who, entered for an exhibition, is compelled to recline 
amid luxurious straw, and fastened by chain and collar for 
one, two, or three days, as the case may be, to be gazed 
upon by a curious portion of the British public. Others say 
that such shows have caused the dog's appearance to be 
improved at the expense of his utility. In some few cases 
the latter may have been the case, but this is not general. 
As to the former complaint, were those, who make it, better 
acquainted with their subject, they would know that before 
the era of shows thousands of dogs were kept in the cellars 
of our large towns, their duty being to kill rats at the 
instigation of their owners, or to fight with each other when 
sufficient money was forthcoming to provide a " stake " for 
the purpose. The canine race has attained a higher position 
than this, and the very dogs that the sporting Boniface 
once held for such purposes, he now treats as he would his 
kinsmen, keeps them in good health by fresh air and exer- 
cise, in order that their jackets remain clean and fresh, and 
so give their owners a chance of taking honours at the 
neighbouring shows. Canine exhibitions have undoubtedly 
increased the value of the dog, and accordingly he is now 
better treated than at any previous part of his history. 
I have heard it stated that dog shows do not improve 

On the Bench. 211 

the tempers and dispositions of our terriers. That may 
be the case or not (most likely not), for I have not yet 
come across a fox terrier with a kindly, pleasant dispo- 
sition, whose finest traits had become mythical after 
competition in the show ring. As a rule, a dog takes very 
kindly to the " bench," where he is comfortably bedded 
up with clean straw, and is seldom (nowadays at any 
rate) rendered cantankerous by continual poking with 
the umbrella or walking-stick of some mischievous and 
semi-civilised visitor. No dog, however docile and well- 
behaved, will stand such treatment, and when it occurs 
the offending visitor should be removed from the proximity 
of the animal which he desires to torture. In cases where 
a terrier does actually sulk, and seems to have a dis- 
inclination to make himself comfortable and contented 
when on exhibition, it is best to withdraw him entirely 
from the public gaze, as, in the end, he may turn unplea- 
sant, and require either a muzzle or special contrivance 
to prevent his teeth making an acquaintance with a ten- 
der portion of some too curious and closely approaching 

Having dealt with the fox terrier, both as a worker and 
as a show dog, little more need be said about him. Whether 
you require him for the one purpose or the other, treat him 
as kindly as you would your best friend, and under ordinary 
circumstances he will reward you accordingly. Make him 
a companion, to live in the house or in the stable, and on 
no account relegate him to a wooden kennel in the corner 
of the back yard. The fox terrier was no more made to 
reside in such an abode than was my lord brought up to 
inhabit a common lodging-house. The more you see of 
your dog the more he loves you, and greater is the likeli- 

P 2 

2 12 The Fox Terrier. 

hood of his turning out a sensible animal. There are 
imbecile dogs as there are human beings, and no amount of 
treatment will in either case make the unfortunate creature 
sensible. Such a dog is better put out of harm's way, for 
all he can do is to eat, and to drink, and to sleep he even 
fails to learn how to open a semi-closed door ; and killing 
a rat, driving a fox, or protecting the house from thieves 
the ordinary duties of any fox terrier are accomplishments 
he w r ill never attain. An imbecile dog may win a prize on 
a show bench for the simple reason that the judge has no 
opportunity of ascertaining his mental capacity ; but he 
can prove mischievous even here, and had better be 



LLUSION has already been made to the Fox 
Terrier Club, which, established in 1876, only 
two years later than the Kennel Club, and the 
year following the earliest of all specialist clubs, those 
for bulldogs, Dandie Dinmonts, and Bedlington terriers, 
it has continued progressive, and done much to promote 
the objects for which it was first formed. At the present 
time it has a balance in the bank of about 400 to its credit. 
The number of members in December, 1894, was ninety- 
six, notwithstanding the entrance fee and rather high annual 
subscription ; still, both are required to at any rate prevent 
undue strain upon the funds during its own annual 
exhibition. There is no doubt that the continued and well 
sustained high value of the fox terrier is due in a great 
degree to the Fox Terrier Club. The committee have time 
after time looked after its interests in every way, and the 
valuable prizes provided from the funds will, so long as 
they are continued, always make their favourite much 
sought after. 

214 The Fox Terrier. 

Earlier in the volume I alluded to the custom of one 
man being at the same time, not of necessity at the 
same show, both judge and exhibitor. He will judge at 
one show and exhibit at another. The Fox Terrier Club 
is an influential body, quite representative and sans 
reproche, cannot they arrange amongst themselves to have 
judges who, at any rate for the season, are not exhibitors ? 
The public would like some such method, for, however 
much above suspicion a man may be, the unsuccessful 
exhibitors have grounds for grumbling when they find one 
day Mr. Smith judging Mr. Jones' dogs and giving them 
prizes, and another day Mr. Jones judging Mr. Smith's 
favourites and reciprocating the award of honours. This, 
I consider, is one of the most unsatisfactory arrangements 
in connection with the dog show epoch. The present 
office-bearers are as follows : 

Honorary Secretary and Treasurer, Mr. J. C. Tinne, 
Bashley Lodge, Lymington, Hants ; who is an ex-officio 
member of the Committee : the ordinary committee 
includes Messrs. A. Ashton (Cheshire), J. A. Doyle 
(Brecon, S. Wales), P. C. Reid (Essex), J. R. Whittle 
(Middlesex), A. E. Clear (Essex), V. B. Johnston (Stafford- 
shire), F. Redmond (London), F. S. H. Dyer-Bennet 
(Stourbridge), F. L. Evelyn (Denbigh), C. W. Wharton 
(London), S. Castle, jun. (Blackheath), C. H. Clarke 
(Notts), J. A. Hosker (Bournemouth), T. Keene (London), 
and R. Vicary (Devonshire). 

The rules of the club, altered and revised November, 
1894, are as follows : 

i. The name of the Club shall be " THE Fox TERRIER CLUB," 
its object being to promote the breeding of pure fox terriers; to 
define precisely and publish a definition of the true type ; and 

Club Rules. 215 

to urge the adoption of such type on breeders, judges, dog show 
committees, &c., as the only recognised and unvarying standard 
by which fox terriers ought to be judged, which may in future 
be uniformly accepted as the sole standard of excellence, in 
breeding and in awarding prizes of merit to fox terriers ; and 
(by giving prizes, supporting shows, and taking other steps) to 
do all in its power to protect and advance the interests of the 

2. The Club shall consist of an unlimited number of Members, 
whose names and addresses shall be kept by the Honorary 
Secretary in a book, which book shall be open to the inspection 
of Members at reasonable times. Any respectable person 
favourable to the objects of the Club is eligible for admission as 
a Member. Each Candidate for admission must be proposed 
by one Member, and seconded by another Member. The 
election of Members shall be vested solely in the Committee, 
and shall be by ballot, four Members to form a quorum, and 
two black balls to exclude. 

3. The Annual Subscription for each Member shall be two 
guineas, payable on the ist January in each year, and the Entrance 
Fee shall be two guineas. Any one failing to pay his subscription 
by 3ist January shall have notice given him by the Honorary 
Secretary, and if his subscription be still unpaid by the time that 
the Annual Report of the past year is issued, his name shall be 
inserted in a list of Members who are in arrear with their sub- 
scription. If his arrears be still unpaid on the 3ist March next 
following, his name shall be struck off the list of Members. No 
new Member shall be entitled to enjoy any of the privileges of 
Members until he has paid his Entrance Fee and Subscription. 
[This rule is to be revised.] 

4. Meetings of the Club shall be held, as occasions shall 
require, for the transaction of business. A Meeting may be 
specially convened by the Honorary Secretary on receipt of a 
wiitten requisition signed by not less than six Members, stating 
the time, place, and object of such Meeting, to be lodged with the 
Honorary Secretary at least a fortnight previous to the date fixed 
for such Meeting to take place. 

216 The Fox Terrier. 

5. A Meeting of the Club shall have full power to transact any 
business relating to the Club which it may think fit ; to arbitrate 
in disputed matters ; to expel any Member considered guilty of 
dishonourable conduct (after such expulsion the Member so 
expelled to have no claim against the Club, and not to be entitled 
to recover any portion of his Subscription) ; or to deal with any 
questions not provided for by these Rules. 

6. All the Concerns of the Club, and all arrangements for its 
management, shall be conducted by a Committee, consisting of 
fifteen elected Members, one-third of whom longest in office shall 
retire annually, but shall be re-eligible. The Committee shall 
hold meetings when necessary, three to form a quorum. The 
Honorary Secretary and Honorary Treasurer shall be ex-officio 
Members of Committee. 

7. An Annual General Meeting of the Club shall be held at 
the usual Club show in the autumn; or, in the event of a show 
not being held, at such time as the Committee may decide, for the 
purpose of revising the annual statement of accounts, duly 
audited and made up from the ist of July to the 3Oth of June 
(such statement of accounts having been circulated amongst 
members not later than the ist of October), and the election of 
Committee, Honorary Secretary, and Honorary Treasurer, as 
provided for in Rules 6 and 8 ; and for the transaction of any 
other business. The Committee shall have power to appoint 
Sub-Committees for any special object, and to fill up vacancies 
in the Committee during the year. 

8. The Honorary Secretary and Honorary Treasurer shall be 
elected at the annual general meeting. 

9. The Minutes of the last preceding Meeting shall be read at 
the commencement of, and be approved and confirmed by, the 
next subsequent similar Meeting. The Chairman shall have a 
casting vote in addition to his own. Notice of Meeting shall be 
sent to each Member at least seven days previous to the date 
fixed for such Meeting to take place, and with the notice shall be 
stated a list of the business to be transacted. 

10. The question of giving Prizes or Cups at Shows shall be 
decided by the Committee, who shall stipulate that the Show be 

Challenge Cups. 217 

held under the Rules of The Kennel Club, and shall satisfy them- 
selves as to the Classes and Prizes, as well as to the efficiency of 
the Judge. The Committee shall place in the hands of the 
Honorary Secretary, and shall from time to time revise, a list of 
such Judges as it approves. 

n. All expenses incurred by the Honorary Secretary and 
Honorary Treasurer, for or on behalf of the Club, shall be 
defrayed out of the funds of the Club. An Annual Report, 
together with the Rules, the names of Members of the Committee, 
and of the Honorary Secretary and Honorary Treasurer, and 
the Annual Statement of Accounts (duly audited), shall be 
printed and supplied to each Member not later than the 3ist of 

12. The undermentioned Challenge Cups shall be offered for 
competition not less than twice nor oftener than four times each 
year. They shall be perpetual Challenge Cups. 

I. Grand Challenge Cup, value 50 guineas, for smooth- 
haired fox terriers. 

II. Grand Challenge Cup, value 50 guineas, for wire- 
haired fox terriers. 

13. The Club shall, at such time as the Committee may 
decide, give four special prizes, to be competed for by puppies 
born during the previous calendar year (thus the puppies com- 
peting in 1884 shall have been born in 1883), exhibited by their 
breeders, who must be members of the Club. 
The special prizes shall be : 

I. io/. for the best smooth-haired dog puppy. 
II. io/. for the best smooth-haired bitch puppy. 
III. io/. for the best wire-haired dog puppy. 
IV.- io/. for the best wire-haired bitch puppy. 
14. Although the Club will not necessarily withhold its support 
from Shows at which there is competition between smooth-haired 
and wire-haired fox terriers, the abolition of such competition is 
recommended whenever practicable. 

15. Any Member can withdraw from the Club on giving 
notice to the Secretary (such Member retiring to have no claim 
whatever on the Club), provided always that such Member shall 

218 The Fox Terrier. 

be liable for his Subscription for the current year in which he 
gives such notice. 

Some time ago a committee of " scrutiny " or inspection 
was appointed, the duty of which was to examine and 
investigate any case where a charge of " trimming " a 
wire-haired terrier had been made. The resolution bearing 
on the question and adopted was as follows : 

That a committee be appointed to act as scrutineers, and 
report any cases of tampering with the coats of wire-haired 
fox terriers. Tampering is defined" singeing, clipping, 
plucking, cutting, shaving, and breaking hair which is not 
ripe to come out." 

In addition to what may be called the "parent" club, as 
described above, there are, in various parts of the country, a 
number of other clubs similarly devoted to the advancement 
and improvement of this the most popular of all terriers. 
Some of these minor clubs either still hold or have 
already held shows of their own, and the particulars as to 
their names, as to membership, and to other matters are as 
follows : 

FYLDE (established 1882). Entry fee, two guineas; 
annual subscription, one guinea. Secretary, Mr.J. J. Stott, 
Barton House, Manchester. 

IRISH (established 1880). Entry fee, 10.9. 6^.; annual 
subscription, 105-. 6^. Secretary, Mr. F. Kelly, Brunswick 
Chambers, Dublin. 

LONDON (established 1887). No entry fee, annual sub- 
scription, los. 6d. Secretary, Mr. J. H. W. Nathan, 131, 
St. Leonard's Road, London. 

ISLE OF WIGHT AND NEW FOREST (established 1884). 
Entry fee, los. 6d. ; annual subscription, ios.6d. Secretary, 
Mr. V. B. Johnstone, The Wergs, Tettenhall, Staffordshire. 

Minor Clubs. 21 ^> 

NORTH OF ENGLAND (established 1892). Entry fee, one 
guinea, after first fifty subscribers ; annual subscription, one 
guinea. Secretary, Mr. J. W. Taylor, 81, Union Street, 

SCOTTISH (established 1886). No entry fee, annual 
subscription, one guinea. Secretary, Mr. Norman McWatt, 
Lylestone House, Alloa. 

SHEFFIELD AND HALLAMSHIRE (established 1885). 
Entry fee, one guinea; annual subscription 10^. 6^/. 
Secretary, Mr. G. Raper, Wincobank, Sheffield. 

SHROPSHIRE (established 1885). Entry fee, one guinea ; 
annual subscription, one guinea. Secretary, Mr. F. H. 
Potts, Broseley Hall, Salop. 

SOUTHDOWN (established 1878). Entry fee, one guinea; 
annual subscription, one guinea. Secretary, Captain E. 
Pearson, 27, Oriental Place, Brighton. 

YORK (established 1890). Entry fee, one guinea; annual 
subscription, one guinea. Secretary, Mr. F. Wright, 13, 
Lendal, York. 


Abbot, Mr. C. T page 57- 

Adams, Mr. Harry 40 

Adderley, Mr 63 

Ajax 170 

Albrighton, The 45 

Alexandra Palace Dog Show (1889) 170 

Allison, Mr. W 57, 64, 73 

America, The Fox Terrier in 96 

Archer, Mr. C. G '. 159 

Archer, Mr. N ... 65 

Arkwright, Colonel ...... 36 

Arrowsmith, Mr. J 57,74 

Artful Joe 127 

Astley, Mr. L. C. P. (his Kennels) -.... 94 

Astbury, Mr. F. J 66 

Atherton Fox Hounds, The 45 

Australia, The Fox Terrier in 96 

Avenger 148 

Aylesbury, Mr. H. A. W 174 


Badger 40 

Badger (Wire-haired) 167 

Badminton Library ..-.. ., . ... 114 

-2'2'2 Index. 

Badsworth, The page 43 

Baguley, Mr. F 178 

Balance 158 

Bartle, Mr. C 179 

Barton Marvel 174 

Barton Witch 178 

Bayley, Mr. Harvey 28, 37 

Beaufort, Duke of 44, 49 

Beckford 14 

Belgrave Joe 62,65,84,85,86,102 

Bellona 33, 54 

Belmont, Mr. A. (New York) 96 

Belvoir blood, The 45,84,85 

Bennet, Mr. Dyer 92, 99 

Benson, Mr. Thomas 51 

Bentinck, Lord Henry ..'. 45 

Berkeley, The Old ... : 44 

Bessie 72 

Bewley and Carson 33*65 

Biney, Mr. L 65 

Bingley's Memoirs of British Quadrupeds 16 

Birch 167 

Birmingham Shows 28, 29. 59, 60, 66, 148, 173 

Bitters 57.67,133 

" Black and Tan Heads" 45 

Bloom 64 

Boaster 127 

" Boke of St. Albans " 3 

" Book of the Dog " 12 

Booth, Mr. G , 40 

Border Terrier, The ... ...... 52 

Bounce 33 

Boy and Terrier 193 

Bradbury, Mr. A. C 66 

Bramble 167 

Branson, Mr 86 

Briar Clinker 178 


Briggs page 168 

Brittle 174 

Brockenhurst Joe 63 

Brockenhurst Rally 74, 117 

Brocklesby, The :. ... 45 

Broom 188 

Browne, Mr. C. M. (" Robin Hood ") 144 

Brush 167 

Buff 76 

Buffer 69 

Buffet 68, 102 

Bull Dog blood 22 

Bundle 168 

Burbidge, the late Mr. F 37, 64, 76, 77 

(his Sale) 78 

Burton Dick 2,45 

Burton Wild Briar 167 

Bushey Broom 172 

Busy 67 

Butcher, Mrs 178 


Caius, Dr. 2, 12 

Calf, Mr. H 55 

Canada, Fox Terriers in 96 

Canker in the Ear 198 

" Caractacus '' 97 

Carlisle Tack ... 164, 172 

Carlisle Tyro 170 

Carlisle Young Venture 151 

Carrick, Mr. W 149, 164, 169, 172, 176, 181 

Castle and Shannon, Messrs 176 

Cauldwell Nailer 177 

Cauldwell Scorcher 178 

Cavendish 174 

"Cecil" 46 

Cedric 72 

224 Index. 

Chance ... page 41, 65, 102 

Charmvood Marion 177 

Cheshire Terriers, Some 47 

Chinese and Tartars 2 

Chorea 196 

Clear, Mr. A. E 77, 173, 176 

Cleveland Laddie 167 

Clarke, Mr. A. H 117 

Clarke, Mr. Charles (Scopwick) 45 

Clarke, The Messrs 72,74,75, 117 

Classes, Multiplication of, and Large 58,59 

Cleek 40 

Cleveland Hound Show 42 

Clowes, Lieut. -Col 29 

Cockayne, Mr 36 

Colmore, Mr 176 

Companions, Training as ... , 192 

" Compleate Sportsman," The .- 9 

Coniston Hounds, The 51 

Cooper, W. (Huntsman) 85 

Corner, Mr. J. W '..., ...... 169 

Cottingham Nettle 58, 74 

Cowley's (Mr. J. H. B.) Terriers, His Strain of ... ... 1 6 1, 163. 

Cox, Mr. Ben 59 

Cox, Mr. Harding 50, 171, 176 

Cox, Nicholas 6 

Crack 54, 7 1 

Crafty .. ... 57 

Cribbage ...... 177 

Cropper, Mr. \V 33, 57 

Crystal Palace Show 173 

" Cynographia Britannica " 10 


Dale, Mr. J. B 185 

Dalziel, Mr. Hugh 7 

Damarell, Mr. A 176 

Index. 225 

Dame Fortune .. P a 8 e 81, IO 4> IO 7 

Dane Gallantry 37 

Daniel, Rev. W 9, 15, 17, 19 

Davenport, Mr. H. J 31 

Daylesford Brush 178 

De Castro, Rev. T. W ... 68 

Derby Show (1894) 185 

Despoiler and Digby Grand 81 

Diamond 63 

Dickenson, G. (Gamekeeper) 71 

Dirleton Nettle 174 

Diseases and Ailments 203 

Distemper 193 

Dixon, Mr. Sydenham 41 

Dobson Tommy (Eskdale) 51 

Dodds, Jack 165 

Dodds, Mr. M 165 

Dog and Fox, Friendly 1 8 

Dog, The, as a British Working Man 158 

Dog, A Fishing 137 

"Dogs of the British Isles " 41,62 

Dog Show, The First 28, 209 

Dog Stories, Doubtful 137 

Dogs, Treatment of 211 

Dominie 81, 133 

Dorcas 62, 64, 76, 102 

D'Orsay 80, 104, 107, 180 

Douglas Driver 89 

Douglas Jostle ... 89 

Douglas Trinket 89 

Doyle, Mr. J. A 12,36,83,177 

Doyle, Mr., on Fox Terriers 132 


Ear Canker 198 

Ears, Cutting 26 

Ears, Large 23 


226 Index. 

Edward I. (Wardrobe Accounts) page 13 

Edwardes, Captain 160 

Edwards, Sydenham 10 

Edwards, Mr. Lloyd ... ... ... 40 

Elmer, S 15 

Emetics 201 

" Englishe Dogges," Treatise on 5 

Eskdale Hounds (Cumberland), The 51 

Eskdale Tzar 169 

Ethel Newcome 92 

Eye, Diseases of the . 199 


Fancy 127 

Famous 41 

Fan 57, 68 

"Faking" 61,207 

Farquharsons, The 44 

Feet, Sore 200 

Ff ranee, Mr 44 

Field, Mr. F.H 168,176 

Field, The (Newspaper) 41, 46, 48, 105, 144 

Filbert 175 

First Flight 76 

Fisher, Rev. C. T 102 

Fitzwilliam, Hon. T. W 39, 41, 48, 66 

Fleming, Abraham 5 

Fletcher, Mr. James 67 

Foiler, and Beatty's Foiler 63,127,174 

Foster Mothers 204 

Fox 68 

Fox and Dog, Friendly 18 

Fox and Dog at a Northern Show 145 

Fox Terrier, The, of 1 806 (Illustration) 15 

Fox Terrier, The Wire-haired 141 

Fox Terrier Chronicle 101, 104 

Fox Terrier Club, its Officers and Rules 213 

Index. 227 

Fox Terrier Club's Scale of Points page 108 

Fox Terrier Club's Standard for Wire-hairs 182 

Fox Terrier Clubs, Various 218,219 

Fox Terriers and Otters 115 

Frantic ... 73 

Frisk (Nichol's) 33 

Fuss 126 

Fussy 33, 54, 55, !33 

Fylde Fox Terrier Club 218 


Gadfly 56, 70 

Gamon, Mr. W 33,41,65 

Gem (Mr. Pilgrim's) 33 

Gentleman's Recreation, The 6 

Gibson, Mr. Henry 57, 58, 62 

Gillett, Mr 178 

Goosey, T. (Huntsman) 85 

Graham, The late Mr. Donald ... ... 151 

Grip 118 

Gripper 69 

Grove Blood ' 63 

Grove Crab, Grove Ella 57,72 

Grove Hounds, The 31, 39 

Grove Nettle 33,39 


Handley, Rev. W 39 

Handy, The late Capt 49 

Hargreaves, Mr. A 37 

Harrison, Mr. M 170 

Hawkins, Mr. Justice, and his Terrier ... 140 

Hazlehurst, Dr 66 

Helliwell, Mr. G 67 

Hill, Mr. S. 179 

Hitchcock, Mr. (Leicester) 36 

Hogg, Mr. Lindsay 167,176 


228 Index. 

Holmes, Mr., Beverley page 56 

Hopkins, Mr. H. L 173 

Hornet 41, 133 

House Dogs, Training Puppies as 192 

How, Major (his Kennels) 89 

Huntly, Marquis of 33, 4 1 

Hunton Baron 77 

Hunton Prince (late Syrup) 77 

Hunton Honeymoon 77 



" Idstone " (his Opinion) 48 

Irish Fox Terrier Club ... : 218 

Isle of Wight Fox Terrier Club 218 

Islington Show in 1862 ... ... 28 

Izod, Mr. J 176 

Jack 147 

Jack Frost 174 

Jack St. Leger 173 

Jack's Yarn 174 

Jacobs' " Compleate Sportsman " ... 9 

James L, King 13, 14 

Jaundice 199 

Jenny 56 

Jess 74, 205 

Jester, Old 73, 174 

Jester II 73 

Jester (Mr. Maxwell's) 151, 165 

Jock (Denton's) 57 

Jock II 40,70 

Jock, Old 31, 33,133 

Johnson, Master 169 

Johnstone, Sir W 167 

Jones, Mr. Harry 173 

Index. 229 


Kate (Starter's) page 33 

Kate Cole 92 

Kelly, Mr. J.H 179 

Kennel Club Stud Book, The 31,35,40,62 

Kennel, Forming a ... 70,89,90,91 

Kennel Gazette ... 105 

Kennels, Various 95, 96 

Khan, The Grand ......... 2 


Lacey, Mr. Henry 166 

Lady 77 

Lancer 121,123 

Large Classes 59 

Lawrence, Mrs 81 

Laycock's Dairy Yard Show ... 65 

Leach, Mr. C. R. H 40 

Liffey 174 

Lill (Shepherd's) 56 

Lill Foiler 165 

Limbo 127 

Lisle, Lady de 57 

Little Jim x 67 

Littleworths, The ... .... 51,67,125 

Liver (Inflammation of) 199 

London Fox Terrier Club 218 

Lonsdale, Lord 50 

Lord Edward 174,177 

Lucifer as in Praesenti 40,102,104 

Lynx 1 70 

Lyons Sting 92,104,107 


Mabel ... - 71 

Mac ... ... 65 

Mac II 41, 71 

230 Index. 

Macdona, Mr. J. C page 67 

Mange 196 

Marco Polo 2 

Markham, Gervase 6 

Mawes, Mrs. (owner of Pepper) 29 

Maxwell, Mr. A 151,172,174 

May 57 

Mayhew, Mr. Reginald 181 

Measurement Diagram 97 

Medicine, How to give 200 

Mellor, The Rev. W. J 48 

Mendal, Mr. S 73 

Merry, Mr. W. (huntsman) 39 

Middleton, Lord ... ... 44,73 

Mischief 41 

Mischief (Wire-haired) 169 

Miss Miggs 168 

Miss Taylor 174 

Monteith, Earl of 13 

Morgan, Ben 44 

Morgan, Jack 31 

Modern Dogs (Lee's) 44 

Moss II 74 

Murchison, The late Mr. J. H 33, 38, 62 

Mustard 126 

Musters, Mr. H. Chaworth 55 

Mutter, Mr. A 171 

Myrtle 55, 56 


Nectar 33, 41 

Nellie II 1 68 

Nellie III 168 

Nelson 158 

Nettle 102 

Nettle (Wire-haired) 158 

New and Old Stamp 134 

Index. 231 

New Zealand, The Fox Terrier in P a g e 96 

Nichols' (Frisk) 33 

Nimrod 69, 76, 103 

Nisbet, Mr. J 149 

North of England Fox Terrier Club 219 

North Star 170 

Norton, Lord 63 

Nottingham Shows ... 40, 59 

Wire-hairs in 144 

Nutcrack (Roper's), 176, 179, 180 


Oakleigh Topper 168 

Oakley, The 28,32 

O'Grady, The Rev. T. ... ... 36,52,70 

Old and New Stamp of Terrier 134 

Old Dame 121 

Old Flora 127 

Old Jester 73, 174 

Old Tip 150 

Olive (Johnson's) 72 

Olive (Murchison's) 62, 102 

Olympia Dog Show 171 

Opinions of Judges, Various 184 

Owners of Best Smooth-haired Terriers, List of 95 

Owners of Best Wire-haired, List of 181 

Oxford Show (1892) 92 


Palace, Crystal, Shows ... 33 

Patch (Dr. Hazlehurst's) 74 

Patch (Mr. A. Maxwell's) ... 165 

Patch (Procter's) 37, 55, 58 

Pearl ... 121 

Pearse, Mr. T 178 

41 Peeping Tom " 73 

Pepper, The Grove ... 32 

232 Index. 

Pet Pearl page 83 

Peterborough Hound Show 51 

Philadelphia, A Letter from 97 

Pickering Nailer ... 151, 174 

Pickle II. (The blood of) 77,86 

Pilgrim, Mr. P 33' 57 

Pincers ... 62 

Pincher 103, 167 

Pitcher ... 81 

Pixie 57 

Poisons, Common 201 

Pollock Tina 178 

Poole, Mr. Donville ... ... 35, 43 

Powderham Jack ... 147 

Priam 57 

Proctor, Mr. G 37, 56 

Promoter 180 

Prompter 176, 178, 1 80 

Propeller 180 

Pulboro' Jumbo 175 

Quantock Nettle 174 

Quiz 33 

Quorn Hounds, The 31 


Rabbit Coursing 127, 130 

,, in a cellar 128 

Rabies ... ., 202 

Raby Mixer 82 

Raby Reckon 82 

Raby Tyrant 82 

Rachel ... 75 

Radiance 76 

Raffle 76 

Index. 233 

Ragman (otter hound) page 142 

Ragman (terrier) ... 55 

Rail 10, n 

Raillery ... 76 

Raper, Mr. G. (his Kennel) 82 

Rattler (The dreaded) 67,98 

Reckon 76 

Redmond, Mr. Francis (his Kennel) 38, 80 

Reed, Mr. John 69 

Registration ... ... 93 

Reid, Mr. Percy 176 

Reinagle (Painter) 19 

Remus 12 

Renard ... 62. 105 

Result ... 75, 99, 107 

Richardson, Mr. G. F 167 

Richmond Delta 82 

Richmond Jack 35, 102, 103 

Richmond Liqueur 102 

Richmond Olive 82, 102 

Richmond Sanctum 83 

Riot 70, 116 

Risk 41 

Rival 33, 53 

Rivet 70 

Robson, Mr. Jacob 51 

Rosemary ... 76 

Ruby ... 41 

Ruff ord, The ... 28,31 

" Runner," An eccentric 50 

" Rural Sports " (Daniel's) 15 

" Rural Sports " (see " Stonehenge ") 

Russel, The Rev. John ... 42, 126, 144, 152, 154 

RussleyToff ... - 180 

Rustic Marvel ; 178 

Rutherford, The Messrs. (New York) 96 

Rydale Pattern , , 178 

234 Index. 


St. Vitus' Dance P a g e 1 9^ 

Sale, Mr. Fred ... ... 33, 41, 55 

Sam 41,56 

Sample, 77 

Sandell, The late Mr. Edward... 97 

Sanderson, Mr. Gordon 149 

Sarsfield, Mr. W 33,55 

Sarcogen 72 

Satire 57 

Schrieber, Mr. W. H. B 147 

Scorcher 178 

Scott,Mr.T.H 73 

Scottish Fox Terrier Club 219 

Sheffield and Hallamshire Fox Terrier Club 219 

Shepherd, Mr. Beverley 56 

Sherbourne Hound Show 170 

Shirley, Mr. S. E 151,176 

Shore, Mr. J.H 66 

Show Dogs and Foxes 118 

Show Dogs and Badgers ... 123 

Show, Preparing for 206 

Shropshire Fox Terrier Club 219 

Sir Douglas (Dandie Dinmont) ... ...... 145 

Six Good Dogs ... 107 

Size of Modern Terriers ... * 136 

Slingsbys, The 42 

Smith, The late Mr. S. W .... 33,62 

Snap (Mr. Whittle's) 60 

Sore Eyes 199 

Sore Feet 199 

Southdown Fox Terrier Club 219 

Southwell, Mr. E. M 82 

Spice 33> 77> 83, 102 

Splinter 167 

" Sporting Dictionary " 14 

" Sportsman's Cabinet " 19 

Index. 235 

Spot (Basset's) .... ... page 59 

Spot (Fell's) ... ... 56 

Spot (Underwood's) 68 

Spot (C. Littleworth's) ... 126 

Spratts Patent (Medicines, Foods, &c.) 191, 199, 203 

Spruce 115 

Statter, Mr. G. F 54 

Stephens, Mr. S. J. (his kennel) 89 

Stevenson, Mr. (Chester) 29, 35 

Sting (Handley's) 39 

Stipendiary 80,90 

" Stonehenge " (Mr. J. H. Walsh) 18,20,28,41,151 

Strutt's " Sports and Pastimes " ... 4 

StudBooks 188 

Sunfield Frost 178 

Superfoetation 205 

Surety 82 

Surrey Janet 178 

Sutton Viola ... 82 


Taplin's Sporting Dictionary 21 

Tartar... 103 

Tartar, Old 31, 34 

Teazle 168 

Tees Nap 174 

Tees Topper 174 

Ten Best Terriers .... loi.etseg. 

Terrier and Boy 193 

Terrier circumventing a Fox 156 

Terriers on Grouse Moors 117 

Terriers, Price of, in 1803 15 

Terriers and Badgers 120, 147 

Terriers, " Walking " 194 

Thayer, Mr. E. J. (New York) 96 

Themis 33 

Thorn 167 

236 Index. 

Thurnall, Mr. page 176 

Tickham, The ,... 36 

Tidy ... ... ... 117 

Timothy Foiler 170 

Tinne", Mr. J. C. (his Kennel) 80 

Tip (Hitchcock's) 36 

Tip (Bassett's) 133 

Tip (Wire-haired) ... 150, 156 

Tip (Shirley's) 167 

Tipton Slasher 177 

Toiler 168 

Tom (Murchison's) 67 

Tom Firr 114 

Toomer, Mr. F. W 180 

Topper 167 

Topsy ... 41 

" Tortoise Shell" Heads 26 

Tory 54 

Touch 35 

Trafford, Sir H. de 176, 177, 178 

Trap 29, 31, 33, 37 

Trap marked ... 37 

Tramp ...... 153 

Treatment during Breeding 187 

Trick 170 

Tricksey 62 

Trimmer 28, 33, 40, 53 

Trimmer, Grove 67 

Trimmer II 68 

Trinket 66 

Trumps ... 40, 66 

Turco ... 62,105 

Turk 66,146 

Turk (Mr. Colmore's) ... 167 

Turner, Mr. Luke (his Kennel) 33, 62, 83, 177 

Twyford, T. \Y 81 

Tyke ... 40,63,66,103 

Index. :2 3 7 

Tyndale Hounds, The page 44,71 

Tyrant, Old . ... ... 33,39,102 

Tyrant IV 87 

Ullswater Hounds, The ... ... ... ... ... ... 51 


Valeria 122 

Valuable Prizes ... 62 

Valuer ... 178 

Van Walchren, Mrs 89 

Valteline 89 

Vandal ... -. 105 

Vanity ... 58 

Varmint ... ... 60 

Vassal ... ... 41, 56 

Vedette ... ... 122 

Velocity ... 178 

Vengeance 67 

Veni 122 

Venilia 88 

Venio ... 81,87,88,99,104,107,133 

Venom 29, 71 

Venom's Peculiar Litter of Puppies 205 

Venture .... -. 57, 65, 149, 150 

Vertagris or Tumbler, The .... 10 

Vesuvienne ... ... ... 75,88,99,104,107,133 

Vexer , ... -,,. .... 55, 58 

Vicary, Mr. R. (his Kennels, &c.) 67, .75, 87, 99, 106, 114, 119 

Vicary, Mr. R., his opinions -... .- 119 

Vic (O'Grady's) ,,, .,,. 52 

Vice Regal ..... . .,,. ... 88,90,92,104 

Vicety .... ... .... .... .... 89 

Victor 1 68 

Victor Chief ... -,,. . . 122 

Vigilant 67 

238 Index. 

Viking page 72 

Violet 40 

Viper (Shore's) 66 

Viper (Weaver's) 35 

Visigoth 88 

Vora 169 

Vyner, Mr. 43 


Waddington, Mr. F 168 

Walker, The late Mr. John 44 

" Walking " Terriers 194 

Walsh, Mr. J. H. (see " Stonehenge "). 

Ward, Mr 151 

Wardle, Mr. Arthur 65,86,88 

Warren, Mr. G. H 60 

Washing Dogs 206 

Wasp 150 

Weight (classes divided by) 59 

Welburn, Mr. E., Formation of his Kennels 176, 179 

Welburn's, Mr. E., " Prize Description " 112 

Wellingboro' Teaser and Judy 178, 179 

Wharton, Mr. C. W ...172,176 

Whipp, Mr. T. (his kennels) 89 

Whippets 130 

Whiskey (Mr. Ben Cox's) 59 

White, Mr. (Sherwood Rise) 74 

White, The late Capt 47 

White Violet 40 

Whichcote, Sir Thomas 85 

Whitemore, Mr. G 126 

Whittle, Mr. J. R 60 

William de Foxhunte 13 

Willie 126 

Wire-haired Terriers, Owners of best, 1 8 1 

Wire-hairs in Nottingham 144 

Wire-hairs, Gameness of 145 



Wootton, Mr. Thomas page 29, 74, 150 

Worms, Cures for 195 

Worry 41 

Wynn, Sir Watkin 44 


X.L 73 


"Yellows" (Inflammation of the Liver) 199 

Young Broom 167 

York Fox Terrier Club 219 

York Terrier Show . .168 





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"Jeyes' Fluid." 


To keep Dogs In perfect health, free from objectionable odour, 
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(say one teaspoonful to a pint). Temperature should be moderately 

warm. Immerse the dog. Use Jeyes' Dog Soap. 
LOCAL TREATMENT. Use an Emulsion double the above 

strength. Apply with a sponge. 
WOUNDS AND SORES. Treat as above, and afterwards anoint 

with Jeyes' Veterinary Ointment. 

N.B. Jeyes' Fluid and Ointment are quite harmless, therefore 

dogs may lick themselves with impunity perhaps with advantage. 
DISEASES are arrested and prevented by the above treatment. 
DISTEMPER. Keep the animal warm and dry, and in even tempera- 
ture. Bathe eyes and nose with weak solution (i to 200). Don't 

wash him. Sprinkle Jeyes' Powder or Jeyes' Sawdust in kennel. 
ECZEMA. Wash or bathe as above directed, and use Jeyes' Veterinary 

LICE. A second bath, at an interval of a wee-k, will rid the dog of all 

trace of this pest. 
MANGE. Bathe the parts affected with a warm solution daily, and 

afterwards anoint with Jeyes' Veterinary Ointment. The hair will 

soon grow again. 
SKIN DISEASES. Perfect cleanliness is to be secured by the above 

treatment It is a certain cure. 
PARASITES, externally. Wash the dog as already directed. 

Repeat the operation a week later in case any nits have survived the 

first bath 

PARASITES, internally. Also WO RMS. -A few drops of 

the Fluid in water will be found a perfectly safe and effectual cure. 

CAUTION. Be sure the fluid is really "Jeyes," and avoid all imita- 
tions, as also carbolic acid, which is an irritant poison. 

KENNELS. Flush out regularly with a solution I part "Jeyes '' to 40 
parts water ; occasionally stronger. Afterwards sprinkle with Jeyes' 
Powder or Jeyes' Sawdust ; especially in the corners. 







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rpHE COURSING CALENDAR, for the Winter Season 

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(Vol. XIII.) 

Compiled by W. F. LAMONBY 



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PAKT I. Introduction The Belvoir The South Wold The Brockiesby 
The Burton and The Blankney The Fitzwilliam The Quorn The Cottesmore 
The Puckeridge The Old Berkeley. 

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Warden Hill Hunt The Heythrop The Old Berkshire The South Oxfordshire 
The South Nottinghamshire The East Kent The Tickham The Vine The 
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PART III. The Dulverton The Stars of the West Mr. Luttrell's Lord 
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moor Vale The Cambridgeshire The Duke of Grafton's The Holderness The 
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Also (VOLUME II.) 

PART IV. The Badsworth The Southdown The East Essex The Bram- 
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The Hursley The Hambledon Lord Coventry's The Grove The West Norfolk 
The Bedale Lord Zetland's The Craven The Surrey Union. 

PA.RT V. The Old Surrey Mr. Kichard Combe's The Burstow The Hur- 
worth The Cattistock The Suffolk The Shropshire The Earl of Eadnor's Capt 
Hon. F. Johnstone's The South Durham The Worcestershire The Ledbury 
The South Herefordshire The South Staffordshire The North Staffordshire The 
Duke of Beaufort's The Cotswold The Dumfriesshire The Albrighton The 
North Cotswold. 

PART VI. Lord Middleton's The Sinnington The Wheatland The United 
Pack The Chiddingfold Lord Fitzhardinge's Hon. Mark Kolle's South-and- 
West Wilts Lord Portmau's The Cleveland The North Durham Braes of 
Derwent The lladnorshire and West Hereford The Monmouthshire. 

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Mr. J. G. HARVEY, Huntsman to 
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for hounds I would not be without 

17s. per cwt. ; J-cwt., Qs. 


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Read Owner's Unsolicited Testimony to 



May 5M, 1894. 
11 My brother Fanciers often ask me how I feed my Dogs. I answer 


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" I enclose you a photo of ' STIPENDIARY,' the King of Terriers, whom I feed 
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