UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS
the Class of 1901
HARLAN HOYT HORNER
HENRIETTA CALHOUN HORNER
History and Evidence
from Harrisburg, Pa.,
to Washington, D. C,
on the Twenty-second
and Twenty-third of
February, : Eighteen
hundred and sixty-one
p T)<r\ (JuvMU>CVN lwOW\
Pinkerton's national Detective Agency
LLAN PINKERTON, 1860
J, Chicago, l principals
ON, New York, [ K
FOUNDED BY ALLAN PINKERTON, 1860
WM. A. PINKERTON,
ROBT. A. PINKERTON,
GEORGE D. BANGS, Gen. Mgr. ALLAN PINKERTON, Ass't Gen. Mgr.
New York New York
JOHN CORNISH, Manager, Eastern Division, New York
EDWARD S. GAYLOR, Manager, Middle Division, Chicago
JAMES McPARLAND, Manager, Western Division, Denver
J. C. FRASER, Manager, Pacific Division, San Francisco
NEW YORK 57 Broadway
BOSTON 30 Court Street
MONTREAL, CANADA Merchants Bank Building
BUFFALO Fidelity Building
PHILADELPHIA 441 Chestnut Street
BALTIMORE Continental Building
PITTSBURGH Machesney Building
CLEVELAND, O Garfield Building
CINCINNATI Mercantile Library Bldg.
CHICAGO 201 Fifth Avenue
ST. PAUL Manhattan Building
KANSAS CITY 622 Main Street
ST. LOUIS Wainwright Building
DENVER Opera House Block
OMAHA New York Life Building
PORTLAND, ORE Marquam Block
SEATTLE Alaska Building
SPOKANE Rookery Building
LOS ANGELES Wilcox Buildbg
SAN FRANCISCO 927 Eddy Street
ATTORNEYS FOR AGENCY
CRAVATH, HENDERSON & DeGERSDORFF, NEW YORK
This Agency is prepared to undertake all proper Detective business entrusted to
it by Railroad or other Corporations, Banks, Mercantile Houses, Attorneys or Private
ndividuals. It does not operate for Rewards or engage in Divorce Cases.
Pinkerton's National Detective Agency,
ALLAN PINKERTON, Principal. GEO. H. BANGS, Gen. Supt.
To the People of the United States.
Chicago, Jan. 8, 1868.
The question of the passage of Mr. Lincoln,
on the night of the 2 2d of February, 1861, from
Harrisburg, Penn., to Washington, D. C, the
Capital of the United States, is one of marked
interest in history, and one upon which the peo-
ple of this country, and the world, ought to have
correct information. Hitherto I have kept silent
upon this subject, and probably might have con-
tinued so much longer, but that historians are
now writing up the important events of the last
seven years — a period the most exciting in the
life-time of this Nation — up to the present stage
of its existence, and I deem it proper to lay the
following brief statement before the public in
connection with this event. I am induced, more-
over, to take this step from the fact of the publi-
cation, in the second volume of Lossing's History
of the War of the Rebellion, of a letter from
John A. Kennedy, Esq., Superintendent of the
Metropolitan Police of New York City, dated
New York, August 13, 1867, in which Mr.
Kennedy speaks of the acts of himself and his
detective force, in discovering the plot for the
assassination of President Lincoln, on his pas-
sage through Baltimore, en route to Washington,
for inauguration as President. This letter has
had so wide a circulation in the press of the
United States that it will be unnecessary for me
to insert the whole of it here. I merely desire
to call attention to the following words :
" I know nothing of any connection of Mr.
Pinkerton with the matter."
That is to say, Mr. Kennedy knew nothing of
my connection with the passage of Mr. Lincoln
from Harrisburg, via Philadelphia, to Washing-
ton, on the 22d of February, 1861. In this
respect, Mr. Kennedy spoke the truth : he did
not know of my connection with the passage of
Mr. Lincoln, nor was it my intention that he
should know of it. Secrecy is the one thing
most necessary to the success of the detective,
and when a secret is to be kept, the fewer who
know of it the better. It was unnecessary for
Mr. Kennedy to know of my connection with
that passage, and hence he was not apprised of
it. I am aware that Mr. Kennedy is a loyal
man, and has done much service for the Union
cause ; but it was not necessary that every
Unionist should be informed that Mr. Lincoln
was about to make an important movement.
Therefore, the secret was imparted only to those
whom it was necessary should know it. With
this preface, my statement will be brief.
About the middle of January, 1861, I was in
Philadelphia, and had an interview on other
matters with S. M. Felton, Esq., at that time
President of the Philadelphia, Wilmington and
Baltimore Railroad, in which Mr. Felton men-
tioned that he had suspicions that the secession-
ists of Maryland were bound to injure his road,
either by destroying the ferry boat which carried
the trains across the Susquehanna River at
Havre de Grace, or by the destruction of the
railroad bridges over the Gunpowder River and
other streams. Mr. Felton felt very desirous to
protect his road from injury or obstruction by
the " secessionists," as they were at that time
called, but afterwards more familiarly known as
" rebels," who were then busily engaged in plot-
ting the treason which shortly afterwards culmi-
nated in open rebellion. Mr. Felton well knew
that the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Balti-
more Railroad was the only connecting link
between the great commercial emporium of the
United States and the Capital of the Nation,
and appreciated fully the necessity of keeping
that link unbroken. He desired that I would
consider the matter fully, and, promising to do
so, I returned to my home in Chicago.
On the 27th of January, 1861, I wrote to Mr.
Felton my views upon this subject. They were
not given in connection with secession, but as to
what detective ability might do to discover the
plots and plans of those who might be contem-
plating the destruction of any portion of this
great and important link between New York
On the 30th of January, I received a telegram
from Mr. Felton, requesting me to come to
Philadelphia, and take with me such of my force
as might be necessary, with a view to commenc-
ing the detective operations to which I had al-
luded in my letter to him of the 27th.
On the 1st of February, 1861, I accordingly
left Chicago with such of my detective force,
male and female, as I thought adequate for the
purpose required. We duly arrived in Philadel-
phia, and after consultation with Messrs. Felton
and Stearns, of the Philadelphia, Wilmington
and Baltimore Railroad, I repaired with my force
to Baltimore and there established my head-
While engaged in the investigations spoken
of, as relating to the safety of the Philadelphia,
Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad track, my-
self and detectives accidentally acquired the
knowledge that a plot was in existence for the
assassination of Mr. Lincoln on his passage
through Baltimore to Washington, to be inau-
gurated as President. The plot was well con-
ceived, and would, I am convinced, have been
effective for the purpose designed. This infor-
mation was acquired by me while in the service
of the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore
Railroad, who were paying me for my services,
and although I felt impelled by my sense of duty,
and my long friendship for Mr. Lincoln, (we
both being old citizens of Illinois,) to impart the
same to him, yet, knowing the loyalty of Mr. Fel-
ton, I desired his acquiescence in doing so. I ac-
cordingly imparted the information of the plot to
Mr. Stearns, and through him to Mr. Felton, and
received from both those gentlemen the authority
to impart the facts to Hon. Norman B. Judd, the
warm and intimate personal friend of Mr. Lin-
coln, who was accompanying the President elect
on the tour from Springfield to Washington.
Nothing further, I believe, is necessary from
myself on this affair, as the evidence which ac-
companies this statement is all that is necessary
to show how far I speak truthfully. It would be
egotistical on my part to parade before the
public my acts. I hold proofs in addition to
those, which are now furnished to the public, in
my possession. A few words more, and those
only in relation to one who is now dead, a
martyr to the cause of the Union, who lies in
" Unwept, unhonored and unsung."
I allude to Timothy Webster, one of my de-
tective force, who accompanied me upon this
eventful occasion. He served faithfully as a
detective amongst the secessionists of Maryland,
and acquired many valuable and important se-
crets. He, amongst all of the force who went
with me, deserves the credit of saving the life of
Mr. Lincoln, even more than I do. He was a
native of Princeton, New Jersey, a life-long dem-
ocrat, but he felt and realized, with Jackson,
that the Union must and should be preserved.
He continued in my detective service, and after
I assumed charge of the secret service of the
Army of the Potomac, under Major General
McClellan, Mr. Webster was most of the time
within the rebel lines. True, he was called a
spy, and martial law says that a spy, when con-
victed, shall die. Still spies are necessary in
war, ever have been and ever will be. Timothy
Webster was arrested in Richmond, and upon
the testimony of members of a secesh family in
Washington, named Levi, for whom I had done
some acts of kindness, he was convicted as a spy,
and executed by order of Jefferson Davis, on the
30th of April, 1862. His name is unknown to
fame ; but few were truer or more devoted to
the Union cause than was Timothy Webster.
With this statement, I herewith subjoin the
following letters, which are proof of my partici-
pation in the passage of Mr. Lincoln from Har-
risburg, via Philadelphia, to Washington, on the
night of the 2 2d of February, 1861. As I have
before said, it was unnecessary that Mr. Kennedy
should know aught of the movement that was
going on, and I did not advise him of it ; although
I am informed that he was on the same train and
occupied the third berth in the same sleeping
car from that where Mr. Lincoln lay on that
eventful night of his passage to Washington
MR. LINCOLN'S STATEMENT.
Extract from Lossing's History of the War. Vol. I, Page 278.
11 Mr. Judd, a warm personal friend from
Chicago, sent for me to come to his room (at the
Continental Hotel, Philadelphia, Feb. 21st). I
went, and found there Mr. Pinkerton, a skillful
police detective, also from Chicago, who had
been employed for some days in Baltimore,
watching or searching for suspicious persons
there. Pinkerton informed me that a plan had
been laid for my assassination, the exact time
when I expected to go through Baltimore being
publicly known. He was well informed as to the
plan, but did not know that the conspirators
would have pluck enough to execute it. He
urged me to go right through with him to Wash-
ington that night. I didn't like that. I had
made engagements to visit Harrisburg, and go
from there to Baltimore, and I resolved to do so.
I could not believe that there was a plot to
murder me. I made arrangements, however,
with Mr. Judd for my return to Philadelphia the
next night, if I should be convinced that there
was danger in going through Baltimore. I told
him that if I should meet at Harrisburg, as I had
at other places, a delegation to go with me to
the next place, (Baltimore,) I should feel safe
and go on. When I was making my way back
to my room, through crowds of people, I met
Frederick Seward. We went together to my
room, when he told me that he had been sent, at
the instance of his father and General Scott, to
inform me that their detectives in Baltimore had
discovered a plot there to assassinate me. They
knew nothing of Mr. Pinkertori s movements. I
now believed such a plot to be in existence."
[Letter of S. M. Felton, Esq.]
Thurlow, Dec. 31st, 1867.
Allan Pinkerton, Esq.
Dear Sir: In answer to your inquiries as to your agency in
ferreting out the plot to assassinate Mr. Lincoln, on his first
journey to Washington, and in aiding him on his journey to
the Capitol, prior to his inauguration in 1861, I have to say, that
early in that year, and while I was President of the Philadelphia,
Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad, I employed you as a
detective to ascertain the truth or falsity of certain rumors that
had come to my ear as to the designs of the secessionists upon
our road, etc. I told you only a part of the rumors that I
had heard, only sufficient to put you on the track. You employed
a force of some eight or nine assistants, and among other things,
made certain to my mind that there was a thoroughly matured
plot to assassinate the President-elect, on his journey to Wash-
ington. After which I met you at a hotel, in Philadelphia, on the
evening of Mr. Lincoln's arrival there, in company with Mr. Judd,
Mr. Lincoln's intimate friend, when the whole plot was made
known to him. After which Mr. Lincoln was seen by you and
Mr. Judd, and made acquainted with all the facts. He declined
to go to Washington in our sleeping car that night, as was
my advice, but said that after going to Harrisburg the next day
he would put himself in our hands. It was then arranged that
he should be brought from Harrisburg to Philadelphia the next
night by special train, and then go to Washington by our night
line in the sleeping car, accompanied by yourself and one or
two of his friends. The telegraph lines in all directions were
cut, so that no tidings of his movements could be sent from
Harrisburg, and all was carried out successfully.
In all these movements you were the only detective employed
by me, and the only one who was conversant with Mr. Lincoln's
movements, so far as I knew. All the movements of the train,
in which Mr. Lincoln went from Philadelphia, were under my
directions, and no other detective than yourself had any connec-
tion with them in any way, unless it might have been as an or-
You certainly were the only one who gave me any informa-
tion upon the subject, or who had anything to do with the
planning of the journey, or who had accompanied Mr. Lincoln,
as a detective officer, and quasi guard.
Mr. George Stearns, then roadmaster, and Mr. William
Stearns, then Superintendent, went with you, one to Baltimore,
and the other from Baltimore to Washington.
I have written a full account of the events prior to Mr. Lin-
coln's first journey, of the journey itself, and of the events imme-
diately subsequent to the same, for Mr. Lossing, and have de-
tailed therein more fully the part you had in them all, and I
refer you to that when published for all the particulars.
Yours truly, S. M. FELTON.
[Letter of Hon. N. B. Judd.]
Chicago, III., Nov. 3d, 1867.
Mr. Allan Pinkerton.
Sir: — Yours of the 31st ult., enclosing a letter of Mr. Ken-
nedy to Mr. Lossing, relating to the conspiracy to assassinate
Mr. Lincoln on his passage through Baltimore in February, 1861,
and printed in the second volume of Mr. Lossing's "History of
the War," I found on my table last evening, on my return from
the country. Notwithstanding the various publications in the
papers, purporting to give accounts of that matter, some of
which were grossly inaccurate, I have refrained from publishing
anything in relation thereto; but the historian is making a per-
manent record, and I cannot, in justice to you, refuse to make
a statement of the facts, within my personal knowledge.
As you suggest, I was one of the party who accompanied Mr.
Lincoln from Springfield to Washington. When the party
reached Cincinnati, I received a letter from you, dated at
Baltimore, stating that there was a plot on foot to assassinate
Mr. Lincoln on his passage through that city, and that you
would communicate further as the party progressed Eastward.
Knowing that you were at that point, with your detective
force, for the purpose of protecting the Philadelphia and Balti-
more Railroad against the attempt by the traitors to destroy the
same, the information thus sent made a deep impression upon
me, but to avoid causing anxiety on the part of Mr. Lincoln,
or any of the party, I kept this information to myself. At
Buffalo I received a second brief note from you saying that
the evidence was accumulating. No further communication on
that subject was received until we arrived in the City of New
York. In the evening of the day of our arrival at the Astor
House, a servant came to my room and informed me that
there was a lady in No. , who wished to see me. Gen. Pope
was in my room at the time. I followed the servant to one of
the upper rooms of the hotel, where, upon entering, I found a
lady seated at a table with some papers before her. She arose as
I entered and said, "Mr. Judd, I presume," and I responded,
"Yes, madam," and she handed me a letter from you, introducing
her as Mrs. Warne, superintendent of the female detective de-
partment of your police force. She stated that you did not like
to trust the mail in so important a matter, and that she had been
sent to arrange for a personal interview between yourself and
me, at which all the proofs relating to the conspiracy could be
submitted to me. It was accordingly arranged that immediately
after the arrival of the party in Philadelphia you should notify
me at what place I should meet you. I informed her that I
should be in the carriage with Mr. Lincoln from the depot to the
Continental Hotel. During this interview with Mrs. Warne,
Col. E. S. Sanford, President of the American Telegraph Com-
pany, called and Mrs. Warne introduced him to me. He showed
me a letter from you to him, relating to this affair, and tendered
me the use of his lines for any communication I might have to
make, and also his personal service if needed.
At Philadelphia, while riding from the depot to the hotel,
in the carriage with Mr. Lincoln, a file of policemen being on
each side of the carriage, I saw a young man walking on the
outside of the line of policemen who was evidently trying to at-
tract my attention. At about the corner of Broad and Chestnut
sts. the young man crowded through the line of policemen, nearly
upsetting two of them, came to the side of the carriage and
handed me a piece of paper on which was written, "St. Louis
Hotel, ask for J. H. Hutchinson." I afterwards ascertained that
this messenger was Mr. Burns, one of Col. Sanford's telegraphic
Immediately after the arrival of the carriage at the Conti-
nental I went to the St. Louis Hotel, and being shown up to
Hutchinson's room I found you and Mr. S. M. Felton, President
of the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad Com-
pany, together awaiting my arrival. An hour and more was
spent in examining and analyzing the proofs upon which you
based your belief in the plot, and the result was a perfect con-
viction, on the part of Mr. Felton and myself, that the plot was
a reality, and that Mr. Lincoln's safety required him to proceed
to Washington that evening in the eleven o'clock train. I ex-
pressed the opinion that Mr. Lincoln would not go that night,
but I proposed that you should immediately accompany me to
the Continental Hotel, and lay the proofs before Mr. Lincoln, as
he was an old acquaintance and friend of yours, and to my
knowledge had occasion before this time to test your reliability
and prudence. On proceeding to the hotel we found the people
assembled in such masses that our only means of entrance was
through the rear by the servant's door. We went to my room,
which was on the same floor with the ladies' parlor, and sent for
Mr. Lincoln. He was then in one of the large parlors, sur-
rounded by ladies and gentlemen. I think Mr. Nicolay, his
private secretary, took the message to him. Mr. Lincoln came
to my room, forcing his way through the crowd, and all the
proofs and facts were laid before him in detail, he canvassing
them and subjecting you to a thorough cross-examination. After
this had been done, I stated to him the conclusion to which Mr.
Felton, yourself and myself had arrived. "But," I added, "the
proofs that have now been laid before you cannot be published"
as it would involve the lives of several of Mr. Pinkerton's force,
and especially that of poor Tim Webster, who was then serving
in a rebel cavalry company, under drill at Perryman's in Mary-
land. I further remarked to Mr. Lincoln, "If you follow the
course suggested — of proceeding to Washington to-night — you
will necessarily be subjected to the scoffs and sneers of your
enemies, and the disapproval of your friends, who cannot be
made to believe in the existence of so desperate a plot."
Mr. Lincoln replied that he "appreciated these suggestions,"
but that he "could stand anything that was necessary." Then
rising from his seat he said "I cannot go to-night. I have
promised to raise the flag over Independence Hall to-morrow
morning, and to visit the Legislature at Harrisburg, beyond
that I have no engagements. Any plan that may be adopted
that will enable me to fulfil these two promises I will carry
out, and you can tell me what is concluded upon to-morrow."
Mr. Lincoln then left the room, without any apparent agitation.
During this interview Col. Ward H. Lamon entered the room,
but left immediately. A few minutes after, Mr. Henry Sanford,
as the representative of Col. E. S. Sanford, President of the
American Telegraph Co., came into the room. You then left
for the purpose of finding Thomas A. Scott, Esq., Vice-President
of the Pennsylvania Central Railroad, and also to notify Mr.
Felton, who was waiting at the La Pierre House, of your report
of the interview with Mr. Lincoln.
About twelve o'clock you returned, bringing with you Mr.
G. C. Franciscus, General Manager of the Pennsylvania Central
Railroad, saying that you were not able to find Mr. Scott, who
was out of town.
A full discussion of the entire matter was had between us,
the party consisting of Mr. Franciscus, Mr. Sanford, yourself
and myself. After all the contingencies that could be imagined
had been discussed the following programme was adopted : That
after the reception at Harrisburg, a special train should leave
the latter place at six p. m., consisting of a baggage car and
one passenger car to convey Mr. Lincoln and one companion
back to Philadelphia ; that that train was to be under the con-
trol of Mr. Franciscus and Mr. Enoch Lewis, General Superin-
tendent; that the track was to be cleared of everything between
Harrisburg and Philadelphia from half-past five until after the
passage of the special train ; that Mr. Felton should detain the
eleven o'clock p. m. Baltimore train until the arrival of the
special train from Harrisburg; that Mrs. Warne should engage
berths in the sleeping car bound for Baltimore ; that you should
meet Mr. Lincoln with a carriage at West Philadelphia, on the
arrival of the special train, and carry him to the Baltimore train ;
that Mr. Sanford was to make it perfectly certain that no
telegraphic message should pass over the wires from six o'clock
the next evening until Mr. Lincoln's arrival in Washington was
known; that Ward H. Lamon should accompany Mr. Lincoln.
Fvery supposed possible contingency was discussed and re-
discussed, and the party separated at half-past four that morn-
ing to carry out the programme agreed upon. At six that morn-
ing Mr. Lincoln fulfilled his promsie by raising the flag over
Independence Hall, and I have always believed that the tinge
of sadness which pervaded his remarks on that occasion, and
the reference to sacrificing himself for his country, were induced
by the incidents of the night preceding.
Later in the morning — and I think about eight o'clock —
Mr. Lincoln sent for me to come to his room. I went and found
Mr. Frederick H. Seward with Mr. Lincoln. Mr. Lincoln said
to me that Mr. Seward had been sent from Washington by his
father to warn him of danger in passing through Baltimore, and
to urge him to come directly to Washington. I do not think
that Mr. Seward stated to me the facts upon which his father's
convictions were founded, but the knowledge that from an en-
tirely independent line of testimony to that which you had fur-
nished the preceding night, had led Gov. Seward to the same
conclusion, that there was danger, strengthened my own convic-
tions of the propriety of the course marked out. I told Mr.
Seward that he could say to his father that all had been arranged,
and that so far as human foresight could predict, Mr. Lincoln
would be in Washington at six a. m. the next day, that he un-
derstood the absolute necessity for secrecy in the matter. I
do not think I gave him any of the details, but I am not positive
on that point.
After the train left Philadelphia for Harrisburg, and as soon
as I could get a word with Mr. Lincoln alone, I told him the
proposed plan of operations, and that I felt exceedingly the
responsibility, as no member of the party had been informed of
anything connected with the matter, and that it was due to the
gentlemen of the party that they should be advised with and
consulted in so important a step. It is proper to add, that Col.
Lamon, Mr. Nicolay and Col. Ellsworth knew that something
was on foot, but very judiciously refrained from asking ques-
tions. To the above suggestion Mr. Lincoln assented, adding,
"I reckon they will laugh at us, Judd, but you had better get
them together." It was arranged that after the reception at
the State House, and before dinner, the matter should be fully
laid before the following gentlemen of the party: Judge David
Davis, Col. Sumner, Major David Hunter, Capt. John Pope,
Ward H. Lamon and John G. Nicolay.
The meeting thus arranged took place in the parlor of the
hotel, Mr. Lincoln being present. The facts were laid before
them by me, together with the details of the proposed plan of
action. There was a diversity of opinion and some warm dis-
cussion, and I was subjected to a very rigid cross-examination.
Judge Davis, who had expressed no opinion but contented him-
self with asking rather pointed questions, turned to Mr. Lincoln,
who had been listening to the whole discussion, and said :
"Well, Mr. Lincoln, what is your judgment upon this matter?"
Mr. Lincoln replied: "I have thought over this matter consid-
erably since I went over the ground with Pinkerton last night.
The appearance of Mr. Frederick Seward, with warning from
another source, confirms my belief in Mr. Pinkerton's statement.
Unless there are some other reasons, besides fear of ridicule,
I am disposed to carry out Judd's plan." Judge Davis then
said: "That settles the matter, gentlemen." Col. Sumner said:
"So be it, gentlemen. It is against my judgment, but I have
undertaken to go to Washington with Mr. Lincoln and I shall
do it." I tried to convince him that every additional person
added to the risk, but the spirit of the gallant old soldier was
up, and debate was useless.
The party separated about four p. m., the others to go to the
dinner table, and myself to go to the railroad station and the
telegraph office. At a quarter to six I was back at the hotel,
and Mr. Lincoln was still at the table. In a few moments the
carriage drove up to the side door of the hotel. Either Mr.
Nicolay or Mr. Lamon called Mr. Lincoln from the table. He
went to his room, changed his dinner dress for a traveling suit,
and came down with a soft hat sticking in his pocket, and his
shawl on his arm. As the party passed through the hall, I said
in a low tone: "Lamon, go ahead. As soon as Mr. Lincoln is
in the carriage, drive off. The crowd must not be allowed to
identify him." Mr. Lamon went first to the carriage. Col.
Sumner was following close after Mr. Lincoln. I put my hand
gently on his shoulder. He turned round to see what was wanted,
and before I had time to explain the carriage was off. The
situation was a little awkward, to use no stronger terms, for a
few moments. I said to the Colonel: "When we get to Wash-
ington Mr. Lincoln shall determine what apology is due to
you." Mr. Franciscus and Mr. Lewis, in charge of that special
train, took Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Lamon safely to West Philadel-
phia, and at that station you met them with a carriage and took
them to the Baltimore train, and Mr. Lincoln immediately re-
tired to his berth in the sleeping car. No one but the persons
herein named, not even his own family, knew where Mr. Lincoln
was, until the next morning's telegraph announced that he was
in Washington. To get away from questioning, I went to my
room about nine o'clock and staid there until about one, when
a dispatch reached me from Philadelphia saying that to that
point all was right.
Mr. Kennedy can test the accuracy of these facts, as to whom
credit is due for arranging for the safety of Mr. Lincoln, by
reference to the gentlemen named herein, and I have purposely
given these in detail so that any doubting person can verify or
On our journey to Washington I had seen how utterly help-
less the party were, even amongst friends and with a loyal police
force, as Gen. Hunter had his shoulders broken in Buffalo in the
crowd and jam.
The same spirit that slaughtered the Massachusetts soldiers
at Baltimore; that laid low, by the hand of an assassin, that
great and good man at the commencement of his second term,
had prepared to do that deed to prevent his first inauguration,
and I know that the first warning of danger that Mr. Lincoln
received came from you, and that his passage, in safety, through
Baltimore, was accomplished in the manner above described.
Respectfully yours. N. B. JUDD.
[Letter of William Stearns.]
Philadelphia, Penn., Dec. 4th, 1867.
Allan Pinkerton, Esq., Chicago, 111.
Dear Sir: — In the early part of January, 1861, I had a con-
versation with Mr. Felton in relation to our road. I was, at that
time, Master Machinist of the road. We had received some reports
that our road would be destroyed by Southern secessionists, and
thus cut Washington off from railroad communication with
the North. In conversation with Col. Bingham, Superintendent
Adams Express, he advised Mr. Felton to see you in regard to
the matter. Mr. Felton wrote to you upon the subject with a
view to securing your services and those of your force that
might be deemed advisable, in ascertaining if the secessionists
had any designs upon our road, and if so, what they were. In
the meantime I went to Baltimore on several different occasions
and still heard these reports about the destruction of our road.
In the meantime you arrived from Chicago with part of your
force which was stationed between Baltimore and Havre De
Grace. I learned of two companies being formed, one at Perry-
mansville and one at Bell Air, from information I received, I
was satisfied they were formed for the purpose of destroying our
road. Mr. Felton and myself met you in Baltimore after you
became established in that city and arranged for a cypher to be
used between us in the transmission of messages.
On the night of Feb. 9th I sent you a letter as follows :
"Yours of the 6th inst. received. I am informed that a son of a
distinguished citizen of Maryland said that he had taken an
oath with others to assassinate Mr. Lincoln before he gets to
Washington, and they may attempt to do it while he is passing
over our road. I think you had better look after this man if
possible. This information is perfectly reliable. I have nothing
more to say at this time. I shall try and see you in a few days."
On Feb. 17th, 1861, I sent a telegram to you requesting you
to meet me at the President Street Depot, in Baltimore, at 4.30
p. m. On the 18th you telegraphed me in reply that you had
so much to say to me that it would take considerable time, and
asking me if I would not remain over night in Baltimore, as
you inferred from my dispatch that it was my intention to arrive
on the 4.30 p. m. train, and leave on the 5.15 p. m. train. On
the 18th of February I sent you another dispatch, saying that if
we did not get through with our interview I would remain over.
On my arrival at Baltimore at the time specified, you in-
formed me that you had received much valuable information, and
had learned that my information was correct in regard to the
plot to assassinate Mr. Lincoln. And you gave me what infor-
mation you had acquired with regard to the plot. I felt very
solicitous for the safety of Mr. Lincoln ; but there was a deli-
cacy with me in relation to the matter, in regard to the action
to be taken, inasmuch as the programme of the route of Mr.
Lincoln to Washington was published as via Northern Central
Railroad, from Harrisburg to Baltimore, and that road was
considered, to some extent, as a competing road to our road from
North to South. But it was finally concluded that it was best
that you should communicate at once with Mr. Judd, a personal
friend of Mr. Lincoln's, upon this subject, and that you should
see Mr. Felton on the 21st, in Philadelphia. You accordingly
wrote me that you had written Mr. Judd, informing him of
the particulars of the plot, and had sent it to him, in New York,
by a trusty messenger.
On the 21 st of February you met Mr. Felton in Philadelphia,
and he informed you that he had received from me all the infor-
mation you had given me while in Baltimore.
On the 22d of February you met Mr. Felton, my brother
George, Mr. Kenney and myself at Mr. Felton's office, in the
depot at Philadelphia. After considerable discussion as to what
course to pursue, it was finally determined that I should go to
Baltimore and make arrangements for the holding of the train
from there to Washington, should that be necessary, as it had
been determined on the night of the 21st by Mr. Lincoln, that
he would go to Harrisburg on the morning of the 22d and return
to Philadelphia on the same night, and take our night train
from there to Baltimore and thence to Washington. And in case
that train should be delayed, the Washington train from Balti-
more would be kept until it arrived, and my brother George was
directed to telegraph me from Wilmington when the train passed
there, as it was deemed unsafe to do so from Philadelphia. The
arrangement also was that if the train was likely to arrive in
Baltimore on time I should say nothing to the officers of the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad about the matter.
On the night of the 22d of February, 1861, Mr. Kenney and
yourself met Mr. Lincoln at the West Philadelphia Depot, and
took him in a carriage over to the Philadelphia, Wilmington and
Baltimore Railroad Depot. Mr. Lincoln took a berth in the
sleeping car, and at eleven p. m. the train left the depot for
Washington. I met you in our depot at Baltimore, went into
the sleeping car and whispered in your ear "all is right," which
seemed to be welcome news to you — it certainly was to me.
Mr. Lincoln arrived in Washington without even the officers of
the train knowing that he was aboard.
On the arrival of Mr. Lincoln in Washington, I followed him
and yourself and saw you safely in a carriage bound for
On the 26th of February I met you at the President Street
Depot in Baltimore, where we talked over what had transpired —
the disappointment of the secessionists and the failure of their
plans to assassinate the President. I then informed you that
Mr. Felton desired that you should remain in Baltimore or
Washington, as the case might be, until after the inauguration of
Mr. Lincoln, and that you should keep Mr. Judd informed of any
attempt that might be made to assassinate Mr. Lincoln on the
day of his inauguration. After such services being rendered to
the satisfaction of the officers of the Philadelphia, Wilmington
and Baltimore Railroad Company, your bill was paid by the
Yours truly, WILLIAM STEARNS.
[Letter of H. F. Kenney, Esq.]
Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore R. R. Co.,
Philadelphia, Dec. 23d, 1867.
Allan Pinkerton, Esq., Chicago, 111.
Dear Sir: — The pressure of my office duties has been such as
to place it out of my power to reply sooner to your letter of
13th inst., expressing a wish for a more detailed statement than
I gave you in mine of the 10th inst., respecting the journey of
President Lincoln from this city to Washington, on the night
of Feb. 22d, 1861.
You and I met for the first time on the afternoon of that day
in the office of Mr. S. M. Felton, the President of this company.
Mr. Felton, himself and Mr. William Stearns, then Master
Mechanic of this road, being present. These conclusions were
arrived at, as to the best arrangements that could be made for
getting President Lincoln to Washington in such a way as to
defeat the plans which were believed to have been matured for
the assassination, and to baffle the vigilance with which his
movements were watched by those concerned in that nefarious
The arrangements having been decided upon, I proceeded to
carry out the portion of them assigned to myself. In so doing
I gave orders to the conductor (Mr. John Litzenberg) of the
10.50 p. m. train of that night, not to start his train until he
had instructions to do so from myself in person. By way of
precluding surmises as to the reason for this order, Mr. Litzen-
berg was informed that he would receive from my own hand an
important parcel which President Felton desired should be deliv-
ered early in the morning to Mr. E. J. Allen, at Willard's Hotel,
Then at a later hour I was to meet you at depot of the
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, at West Philadelphia, in order
to bring President Lincoln from that point to our depot, so timing
his arrival at the latter place as to secure, as far as possible,
against his presence there being noticed. Accordingly, I pro-
ceeded to the West Philadelphia depot, and we met there at
about 10 p. m. We had to wait but a short time when a special
train arrived with but one passenger car attached, from which
President Lincoln, with Mr. Ward H. Lamon and a few other
gentlemen, officers of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company,
alighted. Upon their alighting, I had the honor of being intro-
duced by you to President Lincoln, and he, with Mr. Lamon,
forthwith got into the carriage which had been provided by you.
and the driver of which was placed by you under my directions
as to his movements, so that these might be regulated with a view
of reaching our depot a few minutes after the regular starting
time of our train. This required that we should while away
time; for the train from Harrisburg had arrived considerably
earlier than was anticipated. Accordingly, after you had taken
your seat in the carriage with President Lincoln and Mr. Lamon,
I took mine alongside of the driver, and directing him first down
Market Street as far as Nineteenth, then up that street as far
as Vine Street, and thence to Seventeenth Street, requesting him
to proceed down that street slowly as if on the lookout for
someone, towards our depot. Upon reaching the immediate
neighborhood of the depot, the carriage was turned into the
nearest cross street (Carpenter), so that its occupants might
alight in the shadow of the yard fence there. The President and
Mr. Lamon under your guidance then entered the depot and
passed through to the sleeping car, where you had secured berths
for them. I followed at a short distance, and delivering to the
conductor the parcel he was to wait for, gave orders for the
train to start. It was at once put in motion, the time being
10.55 p. m., five minutes after the regular time for starting.
These are the particulars so far as my agency was involved
in carrying out the programme.
Very truly yours,
H. F. KENNEY,
[Letter of G. C. Franciscus, Esq.]
Pennsylvania Railroad Company,
Office of General Agent, 3003 Market St.,
West Philadelphia, November 5th, 1867.
Allan Pinkerton, Esq., Chicago, 111.
Dear Sir: — In reply to yours of the 31st ult, I submit the
following statement :
On the night of February 21st, 1861, between 11 and 12
o'clock, you called at my office at West Philadelphia and re-
quested me to accompany you to the Continental Hotel. On my
way there you stated that a plot existed to assassinate Mr.
Lincoln, while on his way through Baltimore, and you desired
to arrange for a special train to bring him from Harrisburg to
Philadelphia, on the following night, Feb. 22d, to leave the
former place about dark, and arrive here in time to take the
11 p. m. train for Washington. I replied that it could be done.
When we reached the hotel you conducted me to a room where
we found Mr. Judd and several others. The details of the pro-
posed trip were discussed and arranged conditionally. Mr.
Lincoln not having fully decided to yield to the wishes of his
friends, reserved his final decision until morning.
On the following morning, Feb. 22d, after we had left West
Philadelphia, with Mr. Lincoln and party, Mr. Judd said to me:
"Mr. Frederick Seward arrived from Washington, bringing a
note from his father and Gen. Scott, the contents of which
have decided Mr. Lincoln, and the trip will be made as arranged
by Mr. Pinkerton last night."
Mr. Enoch Lewis (our General Superintendent at that time)
being on the train, I informed him of the arrangements made
with you, and he joined me in perfecting and carrying them out.
We left Harrisburg between 5 and 6 p. m., with Mr. Lincoln,
and on arrival at West Philadelphia found you waiting with a
carriage to take him to the Baltimore depot.
In regard to the mode of Mr. Lincoln's leaving the hotel, at
Harrisburg, I will state that I called at Coverly's with a carriage,
at the hour agreed upon, and found him dining with a large
company, which it was difficult for him to leave without attract-
ing attention. After several unsuccessful attempts he finally
rose, took Gov. Curtin's arm, and walked out the front hall door,
across the pavement into the carriage, dressed just as he left
the table, with the single exception of a soft wool hat that he
drew from his coat pocket and put on; he had neither cloak,
overcoat nor shawl, but as we approached Philadelphia, I gave
him my overcoat, which he wore until he was seated with you
and Mr. Lamon in the carriage.
Referring to your last question, I would say that nothing
unusual occurred on the trip from Harrisburg to Philadelphia.
The party in the car consisted of Mr. Lincoln, Mr. Lamon,
Mr. Enoch Lewis, John Pitcairn, Jr., and myself.
Yours respectfully, G. C. FRANCISCUS,
General Agent Pennsylvania Railroad.
[Letter of Enoch Lewis, Esq.]
Philadelphia, Penn., November 7th, 1867.
Allan Pinkerton, Esq., Chicago, 111.
Dear Sir: — In reply to your favor of the 31st ult., I would
say that on the 21st of Feb., 1861, I was in Philadelphia in the
way of business as General Superintendent of the Pennsylvania
Railroad, to arrange for the movement of Mr. Lincoln, then
President-elect of the United States, by special train from Phila-
delphia to Harrisburg, on the 226. inst. ; it being understood that
he was to proceed on the 23d from Harrisburg, by the Northern
Central Railroad to Baltimore and thence to Washington. On
that evening (the 21st), I met Mr. Judd in Philadelphia by ap-
pointment, in company with Mr. G. C. Franciscus, Superintend-
ent of the Philadelphia Division, Pennsylvania Railroad, and was
informed by him that in consequence of the apprehended danger
of the assassination of Mr. Lincoln whilst passing through Balti-
more, it was desired to change his route to the capitol, and to
bring him back privately from Harrisburg to Philadelphia, on
the evening of the 22d, and to take him by the regular night
train from Philadelphia to Washington, through Baltimore. I, of
course, agreed to make any necessary arrangements so far as
our road was concerned. On the 22d of Feb., I accompanied
Mr. Lincoln in the special train from Philadelphia to Harrisburg;
arrangements were quietly made for a special train, ostensibly to
take Division Superintendent and myself back to the city; it
was stationed just below the town soon after dark, where I
awaited the coming of Mr. Lincoln. Early in the evening Mr.
Franciscus brought Mr. Lincoln, accompanied only by Ward
H. Lamon, to it. We started, and without interruption reached
Philadelphia in time for the night train to Washington. The only
persons on the train which was run from Harrisburg to Philadel-
phia, on the evening of the 22d, besides the engineer and fireman,
were Messrs. Lincoln and Ward H. Lamon, G. C. Franciscus,
Division Superintendent; John Pitcairn, Jr., in charge of tele-
graph instrument; T. E. Garrett. General Baggage Agent, and
myself. When the train reached West Philadelphia you met
us at the platform and escorted Messrs Lincoln and Lamon to a
carriage into which I saw you three get, and drive rapidly away
in the direction of the Baltimore Depot.
I saw no change in Mr. Lincoln's costume except that during
the day he wore a silk or beaver hat, and in the evening one of
Respectfully, ENOCH LEWIS,
Formerly Gen. Supt. Penn. R. R.
[Letter of John Pitcairn, Jr., Esq.]
Philadelphia and Erie Railroad,
Superintendent 's Office, Middle Div.,
Renovo, Penn., Nov. 23d, 1867.
Allan Pinkerton, Esq.
Dear Sir: — Your favor of the 9th inst, asking me for a
statement in regard to the passage of Mr. Lincoln from Harris-
burg to Philadelphia on the night of the 22d of February, 1861,
is at hand. I was on the special train which conveyed the Presi-
dential party from Philadelphia to Harrisburg, having with me
a telegraphic instrument in order to connect with the wires
should an accident occur making it necessary.
Shortly after the arrival of the train at Harrisburg, Mr. G. C.
Franciscus, Superintendent, directed me to proceed with a loco-
motive and passenger car to a road-crossing at the lower end
of Harrisburg, and there to await his coming.
About dusk a carriage was driven up and Messrs. G. C. Fran-
ciscus, Enoch Lewis, Lamon and finally Mr. Lincoln stepped
out and entered the passenger car, the signal was given to the
engineer, and we were on our way to Philadelphia.
The lamps of the car were not lighted, and in darkness we
went swiftly along until we reached Downingtown, where we
stopped for water for the locomotive.
At this place all the gentlemen excepting Mr. Lincoln got out
of the car for a lunch. A cup of tea and a roll was taken to him
in the car.
We were soon again on our way to Philadelphia, where we
arrived between ten and eleven o'clock.
A carriage was found waiting, into which Mr. Lincoln and
Mr. Lamon stepped, and were driven rapidly off without attract-
ing the least attention, not even the engineer or fireman of the
train knowing of the illustrious passenger they had conveyed
from Harrisburg to Philadelphia.
Mr. Lincoln on this occasion wore a light felt hat and had a
gentleman's shawl thrown over his shoulders when he stepped
from the carriage to the car at Harrisburg. He did not, how-
ever, wear the shawl in stepping out of the car at Philadelphia.
This is all that I know personally in regard to the matter.
I afterwards learned, however, from Mr. Franciscus that
you had an interview with Mr. Lincoln at the Continental Hotel
the evening previous, and had informed him of the probability of
his assassination in Baltimore, and after considerable difficulty
he was persuaded to go to Washington incognito in the manner
Yours truly, JOHN PITCAIRN, JR.
[Letter of Geo. R. Dunn, Esq.]
The New Jersey Express Company,
Newark, N. J., November 7th, 1867.
Allan Pinkerton, Esq., Pinkerton's National Police Agency,
My Dear Sir: — Your letter of the 31st ult, covering some
printed extracts from Lossing's History, did not reach me until
the evening of the 5th inst., owing to my absence on business.
On reading your letter and the extracts, I was somewhat
surprised to see that others were trying to take the credit of
Mr. Lincoln's trip from Philadelphia to Washington, when it
does not belong to them.
My recollection of the facts is perfectly plain, and as facts
seem to be much wanted in this matter, I will relate them.
I distinctly recollect that February morning, when you en-
tered my office, Chestnut Street, near Third, Philadelphia, about
6.30, and said you desired my assistance, immediately, in an
important matter; it was imperative that I should go to Balti-
more in the 8 a. m. train ; when at Baltimore to proceed to a
given place and meet some party to whom I was directed by you.
After seeing this party, and communicating my business, I was
to telegraph you, and return by the afternoon train to Philadel-
phia, and communicate with Mrs. Warne, whom I knew by sight,
and whom I would find in the ladies' room at the Baltimore
Depot. In my conversation with Mrs. Warne, whom I met ac-
cording to agreement, she told me that you desired me to pur-
chase tickets and sleeping car berths for an invalid friend, you
and herself, and to make such arrangements for getting the party
into the car quietly, as quiet was necessary for the invalid — also
to stay until you arrived. In turning the matter over in my
mind, I thought the best berths under the circumstances would
be the rear ones, so I got the tickets for them and made an ar-
rangement with the person in charge of the sleeping car to have
the rear door opened when I desired. This person's name was
Knox. At first he declined, but an explanation of the fact that
it was for the accommodation of an invalid, who would arrive
late, and did not desire to be carried through the narrow passage
way of the crowded car, he consented to the arrangement. After
this was effected, I waited on Mrs. Warne, in the ladies' room,
told her what I had done, at which she expressed her satisfaction,
and requested to be shown to her berth in the car, which was
I then took my position on the platform, and waited until
yourself and party arrived, which you did, about five minutes
before eleven. That party consisted of Mr. Lincoln, yourself
and another, whom I was subsequently informed was a Mr. La-
mon. Mr. Lincoln was dressed in an ordinary sack overcoat,
felt hat; I think they were called Kossuth hats, with a muffler
around his throat, and carried a traveling bag in his hand. So
soon as the party was on the train the cars were started. I think
the railroad officers who detained that train for the special pur-
pose could bear testimony as to whose instigation the train was
delayed, and give evidence of your part of the transaction.
There may be some points that I have left out, but the facts
of this letter are not to be denied.
Respectfully yours, GEO. R. DUNN.
[Letter of Gov. Curtin.]
Bellefonte, December 8th, 1867.
Sir: — You ask me in your letter of the nth of November
last to "give you a statement of what transpired between your-
self and Mr. Lincoln upon the night prior to his leaving Harris-
burg, and as to whether Mr. Lincoln was in any disguise at the
Mr. Lincoln arrived in Harrisburg about noon on the 22d of
February, 1861, and as previously arranged, I met him at the
entrance of the Jones House, on the corner of the Market Square
of the city. We passed upstairs and then to a balcony, where
he replied to some words of welcome which I addressed to him.
He was then taken in a carriage to the hall of the House of
Representatives, when he was addressed by the Speaker and made
a reply. On our way back to the hotel he asked me to dine with
him, and after we entered the house, communicated to me pri-
vately the fact that a conspiracy had been discovered to assassi-
nate him in Baltimore on his way through that city the next day.
I remember quite well that Mr. Lincoln mentioned your name in
connection with information he received on the way, and my
impression is that he stated he met you in Philadelphia and there
received the information from you. He said at the same time
that definite information had been sent to him from Wm. H.
Seward by his son Frederick. He then said his friends were
anxious that he should go by way of Philadelphia as privately as
possible, and that those who were informed of the conspiracy
were extremely solicitous that he would not expose himself to
the threatened danger in Baltimore. He seemed pained and sur-
prised that a design to take his life existed, and although much
concerned for his personal safety as well as for the peace of the
country, he was very calm, and neither in his conversation or
manner exhibited alarm or fear.
When he had determined to go to Washington by Philadel-
phia, and the arrangements were made, he put on his overcoat and
hat (it was a felt hat such as were in common use at that time)
and taking my arm we passed through the hall of the hotel and
downstairs to a carriage in waiting at the door. We drove down
the street and by the house in which I lived to the train. The
halls, stairways and pavement in front of the house were much
crowded, and no doubt the impression prevailed that Mr. Lin-
coln was going to the Executive Mansion with me. To avoid
inquiries I remained in the house when repeated calls were
made by persons who supposed he was there. It was regarded as
eminently proper that it should not be generally known that Mr.
Lincoln had left Harrisburg, but he neither assumed nor sug-
gested any disguise of any kind.
No doubt the gentlemen who accompanied Mr. Lincoln were
privy to all the arrangements made in reference to his journey.
I had no conversation with any of them that occurs to me now
on the subject. He gave me all the knowledge I had, and what
was done was discussed before it occurred.
You thus have substantially the circumstances attending his
visit to Harrisburg and his departure for Washington so far as
I had any connection with the events.
Very respectfully your obedient servant,
A. G. CURTIN.
Allan Pinkerton, Esq.
[Letter of H. E. Thayer.]
Philadelphia, Nov. 3d, 1867.
Allan Pinkerton, Esq., Principal National Police Association,
Dear Sir: — I am in receipt of yours of 31st ult, enclosing
"Extracts from Lossing's History of the War," one of which is
a copy of a letter from John A. Kennedy, General Superintend-
ent Metropolitan Police, New York, in which Mr. Kennedy claims
for himself and David S. Bookstaver, of the Metropolitan Police,
the honor of having prevented the assassination of Mr. Lincoln
at Baltimore in February, 1861. In your letter you request a
statement of my connection in the matter, and what I know of
it, viz. : The passage of Mr. Lincoln from Harrisburg to Washing-
ton via Philadelphia and Baltimore, on the night of Feb. 226.,
In February, 1861, I was Manager of the American Tele-
graph Office in this city. On the morning of the 22d of February
I was introduced at my office by W. P. Westervelt, Superin-
tendent, to Geo. H. Burns, Confidential Agent of E. S. Sanford,
Esq., President of the American Telegraph Company, who in-
formed me that a plot had been discovered in Baltimore to
assassinate the President-elect on his passage through that city,
and it had been arranged that Mr. Lincoln should go through
from Harrisburg to Washington privately on the night of the
22d, and it was desired to prevent any possibility of the fact of
the President's departure from Harrisburg being telegraphed
from Harrisburg to Baltimore; that the telegraph wires on the
line of the Northern Central Railroad, from Harrisburg to Balti-
more, should be cut, so as to prevent communication from passing
by that route, and asked if I had a trusty man to do the work. I
replied that I had, and detailed Andrew Wynne, my lineman, for
the service; provided him with a coil of copper wire and gave
him instructions to attach a ground wire to each of the two line
wires at the back of a pole, and if possible to cut the line wires
and make the ground connections on both sides and leaving the
line attached to the pole so that parties who might be sent out
to hunt the difficulty would not discover the trouble for some
time, at least, until long after Mr. Lincoln should have arrived
W. P. Westervelt, Esq., Superintendent, was to accompany
Mr. Wynne to Harrisburg. They can speak for themselves as
to how the work was done. Mr. Wynne reported on the 23d,
having successfully accomplished his mission, having cut and
grounded both wires.
On the morning of the 22d, I also promised Mr. Burns that
I would myself be on duty at my office during the night and until
Mr. Lincoln's arrival in Washington, to see that no despatches
passed over the wires from Harrisburg to Baltimore, giving
information, and also to receive and deliver to the St. Louis
Hotel any despatches that might come for "J. H. Hutchinson."
I was on guard on that eventful night all night. Early in the
evening a despatch came from Harrisburg for "J. H. Hutchinson,"
I think, from Burns, announcing the departure. No despatches
came from Harrisburg to Baltimore.
Early on the morning of the 23d, a despatch was received,
announcing the arrival of Mr. Lincoln in Washington, and that
he was met at the depot by Hon. W. H. Seward. I then left the
operating room and went home.
Mr. Burns afterwards informed me that Allan Pinkerton had
saved Mr. Lincoln's life, and subsequently introduced me to you
as Allan Pinkerton, alias J. H. Hutchinson.
This is the substance of my knowledge of the matter. I have
always believed, and, in fact, know, that you took Mr. Lincoln
from Philadelphia to Washington on that eventful night, and
to you is due the honor of having saved the life of Mr. Lincoln
and the country its President-elect.
Yours truly, H. E. THAYER.
[Letter of Andrew Wynne, Esq.]
Philadelphia, Nov. 3d, 1867.
A. Pinkerton, Esq.
Dear Sir: — Your note of Oct. 31st received, and in reply
have to state that I am the person who cut the wires between
Harrisburg and Baltimore, for the purpose of preventing the
report of Mr. Lincoln's departure on that occasion. The facts
of the case are as follows :
On the morning of February 22d, 1861, I was employed in the
office of the American Telegraph Company, Philadelphia, and
received orders from H. E. Thayer, Manager, to hold myself
in readiness for important duty in the course of an hour. Before
that time had expired, Mr. Thayer asked me if I had any ob-
jections to fix the wires of another company so as to prevent any
communications passing over them. I answered I would not in
some cases. Mr. Thayer then stated that the life of President
Lincoln was in great danger, and that he (Mr. Thayer) wanted
some good man he could depend upon to cut the wires between
Harrisburg and Baltimore. I replied, under that circumstance
I would. He then gave me orders to proceed to Harrisburg in
the next train in company with W. P. Westervelt, Superintendent.
We proceeded to Harrisburg with necessary tools, fine copper
wire, etc. Arriving in Harrisburg, we met Capt. Burns. We three
then proceeded to the office of the telegraph company, and I
traced the wires through the city and found the wires that were
necessary to cut. Capt. Burns, W. P. Wetservelt and myself
walked south of the city about two miles. I then climbed the
pole and put fine copper ground wire on wires between Harris-
burg and Baltimore, which prevented all communication passing
over them. I then returned to telegraph office in Harrisburg
and asked the operator there to send a message for me to
Baltimore — when the operator stated he could not, as all com-
munication with Baltimore was cut off. I reported the fact to
Capt. Burns and W. P. Westervelt. They thanked me, and
requested me to stay in Harrisburg that night and return to Phil-
adelphia next morning, which I did. When I returned I met
Mr. Thayer. He told me he had been on duty all night so as to
prevent any communication passing over the wires of the Ameri-
can Company. I received his thanks for the part which I had
The foregoing is a truthful statement of what passed.
Yours respectfully, ANDREW WYNNE.
RODE & BRAND