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Darvar^ College Xibrari? 












1602 to 1852; 



Author of "History of Norridgewock and Canaan, Me. ;'' 
" History of Danvers, Mass. ;" &c. &c. 




us t]^T2>,^.S 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1852, by 

J. W. Hanson, 
in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Maine. 

MASTERS, S li I ¥ tt & CO., 




But little need be said of this volume by way of 
introduction. Its character will be developed to 
every one who peruses its contents. It has been 
the constant effort of the compiler to collect and 
arrange all the facts he could obtain from every 
known source, having any connection with the 
history of the towns of which he has treated, and 
he believes, and feels ready to say, that he knows 
of no important, uninvidious fapt, which he has not 
recorded. If there are errors they are slight, and 
are such as necessarily attach to a work involving 
so many dates. His constant effort has been to 
crowd and compress his facts into the least possible 
space ; so that if the reader looks for any felicities 
of diction, he will be disappointed. He will only 
behold a plain, unvarnished account of literal facts. 

The books and persons to whom the compiler has 
beefa indebted for facts, will be found in the foot notes 
attached to the text, and the reader can consult the 
book or person, if he wishes to verify any statement 
concerning which he has doubt. Besides those, the 
compilei* has been under the greatest obligations to 
Moses Springer, Esq., Hon. Edward Swan, Hon. 


Robert H. Gardiner, (who not only furnished books, 
but valuable manuscript matter,) John Webb, late 
City Clerk, Alphonso H. Clark, Henry Dearborn, 
Peter Grant, Adjutant Gen. of Maine, Selectmen 
and Town Clerk of West Gardiner, Hon. David 
Bronson and E. S. J. Neally of Bath, and to that far 
larger number of his fellow citizens who have sup- 
plied him with papers, hints, and means of informa- 
tion, and manifested constant and great cordiality in 
advancing the labor in which he has been engaged. 

It "will be difficult for any one whose eyes shall 
glance over these pages, to realize the vast amount 
of constant, plodding research and toil, invested in 
this volume, involving hundreds of miles of travel, 
the reading of many volumes of books, the consulta- 
tion of thousands of pages of good, bad and in- 
diflferent manuscript, and of many oblivious octo- 
genarians, and then, the additional labor of sifting, 
assorting, collating and reconciling. Besides this, 
the greatest conceivable apathy, and indifference, and 
Ignorance prevailed, even among those who were 
born and who had grown gray, and wise in other 
matters, on the soil. With all these obstacles before 
him, the compiler persevered, and he believes his 
volume is correct as far as it goes, and that it con- 
tains as much substantial information as can be well 
crowded into the same space. He hopes his fellow 
citizens will encourage his effort by buying his 
book, and being pleased with it. 



Abenaques, or Abnakis, localities of, . . . . 13, 17 

** signification of^ 14 

•• tribes of, 14 

*' description of^ . . . . . . 14, Id 

•< in 1615, number of, 23 

<< depredations of^ 26 

«< fate of, 26 

** in the Revolution, 27 

*< chiefs, 27 

Army worm, ••••••••• 85 

Agrj, Thomas and family, 87 

AUen family, 103, 104 

Amold*s Expedition, 113, 117 

Alterations in Town lines, '.179 

Alemyes, very plenty 186 

Almanac, Maine Farmers', 297 

Associations, Incorporations, &c 322 

Attorneys, 332 

Almshouse, 336 

Brown, Alexander's death in Gardiner, .... 36 

** " settlement in " 56 

Berry family, 68,78,79,80,81 

Bailey family, 72, 73, 106 

Bacon, William 81 

Bums, Joseph 82 

Byram family, . 155, 156 

Brown farm, 85 

Barker family, 110,111,156 

Blanchard family, 128 

Bradstreet family, , 131 

Bickford, Moses 82, 83 

Brick kihi, 155 

Bowman's Point, sketch of, . . . . 166, 167, 168, 204 

Bridge, Swan Island, opposed 176, 200, 201 

Bom-drunk Davis, 204 

Bums, William 213 

Bridge, effort for, 214 

Bailey, Rev. Jacob 245 

Baptists, Calvinistic, 275, 276, 277 


Boolu pubUihod, ..,.,,. 39a, 297 

Bnildingi, whsn tmilt, 839 

Cabbaan Indiana, relid of, IS 

" " OTigin of name, . . . . IB, 19 

" " " of tribe, 19 

" " in 1807-8, 19 

Call family, 33 

Charter of Wm. & Marj-, . . ' 87 

CabbassaMill, 47, 63 

Colburnffumly, 70,71,86 

Cox, Jnmefl 84 

Coopor fnmilj 137 

Clark family. 137 

CU7 family 170 

Cold fever, 177 

Cn-re, ainf^ulnr 209 

Cabbssan stre-am, power of^ 214, 217 

" " appearance ot 217 

Cily officera. Gordinrr, 227,228 

CotigregationaliBtB, Pittston, 333^266 

Uardinez, 286—371 

CoUege BToduatefl, 335 

ClmractBrof people, 341 — 3 

Savif famUy 61, 67 

Door iiunUy 75 

Denny, Jonn, 78 

Denbow, NBllianicl 83, 86 

Dunlap, James 137 

Dearborn family 140—141, 310 

Drntham family 1S8 

Deatba of a^ed people, 291—294 

Daujihiera of Tomperance, 32ff^ 

Etcchemins 13 

Early Voyages to Maine, 29, 30 

" " " Kennebec, . 30, 1, 3, 4, 6 

Everwm, WiUiem 82, 83 

Embargo, action of the people on, 176 

Butorn River, 185 

Erana, lion. Geo. 207 

Ecolenastical 215 

EpiBcopal pariBb, hlatory of, 24S — 2fiG 

But PittBtun, early 336 — 339 

Early Settlcid 339 

FUtnor, ZsohanBh, family, 82 

FttUer family 133 

Fieewill Baptlati, fint oharch, 271 

" " tecond » 373 

.< « third <■ 273 



Fredwill Baptists, fourth church, 274 

«• •« fifth «• 275 

Freshets, 159» 284, 285 

French Jesuits, . . . , ' 22 

Fisheries of Kemiebec, 37, 161 

Fort Richmond built, 37, 38 

" Cushnoc «* 42, 43 

«* Halifax " 43 

Fitch, Benjamin, 61, 63 

Flagg, James, . ; 78 

Farm, first, 155 

Freemasons, 322 

Franklin Bank, 326 

Farmingdale, 340 

Facts, No. of herein, 340 

Grant, form of ........ 49, 60 

" Plymouth, 48 

Grrants, Kennebec 31, 40, 49 

" Dr. Gardiner's 46, 49, 60, 68, 69 

«< to settlers, 39, 47, 50 

Gardiner, Dr.'s efforts 46, 47, 54, 58, 59, 60 

« <« character, 43, 45 

Gardiner, grant of area, 45 

Grant to Vassal, 45 

«« •" Dr. Gardiner, 47 

Gardinerston, settlement of^ 61 

Great House, account of, 62 

Game, 75 

Glidden, Joseph 78 

Gardiner (Gid.) family, • . 83 

•* Dr. and family, 87, 105 

" " epitaph, 91 

« " will, 92 

" John 99 

" William ' . .102 

Grant family, . . • 134 

Gay family, 156, 157 

Gold digging, ' . 168, 169 

Gardiiter, R. H 172, 173 

Gardiner, sketch of 195 

Act of incorporation, .... 195, 196, 197 

tax list, 1803, 197, 198, 199 

officers of 199 

appearance of in 1803, 199 

old houses in 199 

condition of in 1803, 203 

city charter, .• 213, 214 

Gannet, Barzillai 201 

Graduates, 344 

Gardiner, location of , 222, 214 

" soil,-&c., of 215, 216 

Vlli INDEX. 

Gardiner, R. H/s hotuie, .«•.••. 220 

** tax list for 1861, 228, 238 

«< Bank, . « 326 

« appearance of .••... 218, 219 

Hoskin's, Capt. death, 34 

Hancock's visit to Gardinerston, • . . • • .76 

Haley, Martin .78 

Hopkins, Peter 84 

Hicks, Dr. Jonathan 86 

Hazard, (slave,) , . 98, 99 

Hallowell, Kobert 171 

Indian history, 13 

*< ideas of land titles, 16 

** localities, ...••..•• 17 

** names and definitions, 20, 21 

<* conduct to whites, 21, 28 

•< sales of land ** 22, 34, 35 

«• insults to «• 23 

*< wars, six, • 24 

** troubles at Richmond, 24 

" •* " Merry Meeting Bay, .... 25 

Industry, origin of name, 66 

Indians in Gardinerston, 27, 112, 113 

Insurance Co., 326 

Jenkins, Dennis, 84 

Jackson family, 130 

Jewett family, 137, 139, 158 

Kennebec, origin of name, IG 

" -claim, 29 

" " extent of, 32, 41 

»< " boundaries, 32, 33 

Kerdoormeorp, (Brown's Farm,) .36 

Kennebec Company's efforts, 50, 44 

" " character, .... 62-3, 38 

Kenny, Paul and Stephen, 83, 86 

Kennebec River, 185 

** •• opening and shutting, .... 287, 288 

Indians, character 14 

bridge 340 

Lincoln, County of, formed, . . . .. . .171 

Louis Philip, 163 

Lawrence, John and Joseph, 84 

Law, William, 84 

Loud, Jacob, 61, 63 

I^wrence family, 82, 86, 106, 161 

Lapham family, 138 

Lyceum, 206 

Mechanic's Association, ....<«•• 322 

McCausland's family, . . . . • . 61, 62, 68, 69 

UarsoD, Abncr, 

i family, 


Meeting- touBE, PitLaton, 
Mainei, separation of &ainU 
Military, War. &o., 
McCauslond, Ilmir}', ■ 

Metliodists, Enet Pittston, 

" Gurdiner, 

"- Fittaton, 
Nonidgewocka, their depredations, 

" defltrootian of, 


Noble, John and Henry, 
North. Maj. and fumly. 
North house, . ■ 

New Mills, origin ot, 
Nahiimkeag leLind, 

>• atream. 

New Jerofalem Church, 


Odd FellowB, I. O., 

Xdterarjr Society, 

. la:, 158, 33a 

171, 179 
. 171, 176, 177, 203, 204 
177, SD4, 2es-3l>« 

Oaklanda, . 

Oak Grove Cemetery, 
Oldliara family 
Ookman, Samuel, ■ 
O'Blulfskic, Frederic, 
Officora, first town, 
Philbrook famUy, . 

Population, in 17S4, 

" 1800, 

" table of, 

Fittaton facorporated, 

" Act of incorpa 
Pitta, John, account oi; 

Htteton, name of, . 

Flaisted family, 

Pittston, early condition of, 
■• inhabitaDts in 178S, 
" " locution of, 

of in 1787, 
" •' " 1789, 

" " " 1791, 

" " " 1799, 

' ' " condition of it 

' " Bketch of modem 



Fittston tax list, 1803, ..... 174-176 

«* parishes, 

176. 177 

•* description of 

184, 185 

<« tax list, 1851, . 

. 188-194 


202, 827--332 



Polls, valuation, &c.. 




Publishments, early. 


Queen of Sheba, 


RichTnond trading house, . 


Revolutionary troubles. 

112, 118 

Revolution, efforts of Gardinerston 

in, 118 

\ 119, 1 

20, 121, 133, 134 

Revolutionary soldiers. 


Refugees, act concerning, . 


Roads, . . . ] 

L50, 15£ 

!, 159, i 

71, 173, 176, 202 



Settlers, early, sufferings of 

24, 84, 128 

Sabbatis, . . . , 

. 25, 27 

Settlers, early at Edgecomb, 


Settlements on the Kennebec, 

30, 33, 

34, 35, 

36, 37, 42, 55, 57 

Squatters* rebellions, 


Settlers, difficulties inrith 


Settlement in Pittston, first 


Shipping built. 


Settlers, character of. 


" difficulties of 


Smith family. 

. 76, 77 

Stackpole family, . 


Soper family. 




Springer family, 

. 150, 151, 152 

Swan family. 

. 163, 164, 165 

Stone family. 

169, 170 

Statistics of Pittston in 1820, 


« « « " 1850, 


" «' Gardiner " 1820, 

205, 289 

" " " " 1850, 

220, 221 

Surplus Revenue, . 



297, 299 

Sochigones, location o^ 


Sons of Temperance, 


Slaves in Gardiner, 


Thomes, Mr., 

. 61, 63 

Tibbetts family. 

. 73, 86 

Trees, wood, &c. 

74, 75, 155 

Taggart family, 


. 86, 110 

Tarbox family. 


107, 108 

Town petition. 






Town records, 

. , . . 130 

Traveling carriages, &c. 

162, 211 


178, 202-3, 206-7, 211 

" Societies, 


Town House, 

. 179, 206, 207 

« officers, Pittston, 

. 181-3 

Taxes, Pittston, 


Togus springs, , . 


Tax for support of Gospel, 


Taxes, Gardiner, 


Town officers, Gardiner, 


Temple of Honor, . 



. 279—81 

Vessels built. 


Votes for Governor, 

179, 180, 222, 223 

" «* President, 

181, 224 



Weather, . . 62, 109, 127-8, 

L39, 155, 153, 163, 282-6 

Winslow family, 


Winter family. 

Warren feimily, 


West Gardiner settled, 


Wakefield family, 


Worromontogus bridge. 



" river. 


West Gardiner, incorporation, &c., 


«« " officers, 


** " Taxes, &c. 

. 240-4 

Wawenocs, location of, 


W ashingtonians. 


Washingtons, Martha, 


Young family, 





1 Episcopal Church, . 


2 Old Post-office, . 

. 86 

3 R. H. Gardiner^s House, 


4 Methodist Church, 

. 262 

5 Congregational Church, 


6 Universal ist Church, 

. 280 

♦ The churches were drawn by B. S. Jones, of Pittston, and the 
residence of R. H. Gardiner was daguerreotyped by Mr. C. T. 
Rogers, and the old post-office by Mr. John Curran. 



77> Samuel and Abigail Smith, were children of Jamet and 
not of Jeremiah. 

84, last line, Julia should commence the line above. 

98, for hegird read hegira. 
107, 5th line from bottom, for 1824, read 1826. 
161, 13th line from bottom for Gardiner read PUtston, 
298, 7th line from bottom for 71, read 17. 
305, 14th line from top, for Whitman read WhiUemore. 
312, Ist line from bottom, for Wolverton, read Woberton, 


o p 




When the messengers of European civilization 
first furled their white sails on the forest-fringed 
shores of America, numerous tribes of dusky Indians 
roamed our forests, and pursued therein the preca- 
rious habits of savage life. Wherever fish and game 
were plentiest, they were most numerous, enjoying 
a peaceful existence with the exception of occasional 
short, and bloody feuds. They had their own coun- 
tries, the boundaries of which were well understood 
by the different tribes, and were never overstepped 
unless for the purpose of insult by some tribe bent 
on war. 

The Abenakies, Abenaques or Abnakis and the 
Etechemins, owned and occupied the present limits of 
Maine. The Etechemins dwelt from the Penobscot, 
eastward, and the Abnakis from New Hampshire to 
the Penobscot. Sometimes the name was called 
Wapanachki, or Wabanaki ; but however the word 
was pronounced, the name signified East landers, or 



Eastern men,* from Wabamo, East, and aski, land. 
This great nation was divided into four smaller 
tribes: — the Sokokis or Sochigones, on the Saco ; the 
Anasagunticooks, on the Androscoggin ; the Wawe- 
iiocs, east of Merry-meeting Bay, and the Canibas, 
or Kennebecs, from Merry-meeting Bay to Moosehead 
Lake, on both sides of the river. The Kennebecs 
were subdivided into the Norridgewogs, who dwelt 
at Norridgewock ; the Taconnets, at Waterville ; the 
Cushnocs, at Augusta, etc. These small tribes were 
all Kennebecs, and the Kennebecs, Sokokis, etc. 
were all Abnakis. They spake the same tongue 
with slightly differing dialects, and were essentially, 
in all great enterprises, one people. Thus an Indian 
living at Augusta was of the Cushnoc clan, the 
Kennebec tribe, and the Abnaki nation. 

The Kennebecs were very numerous when the 
whites first made their acquaintance.! The different 
clans all paid homage, or political deference to the 
great chief, or bashaba, who usually resided on Swan 
Island,! which seems to have been the head-quarters 
of the Abnakis. Sabastian Rale, the French Jesuit 
Missionary, who resided among the Eastern Indians 
many years, thus describes their manners and ap- 
pearance : <5> — 

Their cabins are made by planting a centre pole, 
and covering with bark ; the fire is built in the 
middle, on the ground, and for beds and chairs, they 
spread mats on the earth, made of reeds. The men 
dress in the skins of animals, or in loose robes of 
red or blue cloth ; and the women wear mantles 
reaching to the middle of the leg, very gracefully 
arranged, with light coverings thrown over the head, 

♦ Heckewelder's Hist. Ace. p. 107. Also, Gookin and Prince. 
1 KendaU's Travels, p. 61. 
t Hubbard's New Eng. p. 31. 
X Williamson's Hist. Me. Vol. II. p. 4. § Lettres Edlflantes. 


and falling to the feet, and stockings from the knee 
to the ancle. Their moccasins are of deerskin. In 
the winter they wear snowshnes, without which 
they cannot subsist. With them they are able to 
overtake the swiftest animals. They are tall, power- 
ful, and active, with teeth whiter than ivory. Their 
only ornaments are beads, made of shell, white and 
black, so arranged in belts, and the like, as to repre- 
sent different figures with great beauty. Their 
children are regarded with the greatest affection, and 
the utmost respect is manifested toward the aged. 
Their skill with the bow is great ; even children can 
shoot with astonishing accuracy. 

They eat with great irregularity ; feasting on the 
best one day, and famishing the next. Tobacco is 
used by all, and esteemed the greatest luxury. They 
are less barbarous than any other tribe. 

When they fight, they divide their bands into 
small companies of five men, each with knife in one 
hand, and tomahawk in the other ; and they are thus 
very formidable. When they enter the possessions 
of an enemy, they scour the country in small bands, 
and inspire the greatest dread, by attacking all quar- 
ters at once. 

Rale informs* us that the Kennebecs understood / 
making candles, and that with twenty-four pounds 
of bayberry wax, and twenty-four pounds of tallow, 
they would make one hundred candles, each one 
foot long. 

These Indians owned the soil in common.* They 
held as "tenants in a state of nature." Any Abnaki 
had a right to use any land belonging to the Abnaki 
nation. They could not comprehend how one per- 
son could own the soil. Each native possessed an 
undivided portion of the territory of his tribe. Thus 

* Statement of Kennebec Claims, p. 21. 


all sales made by the sachems were made with this 
understanding, never denied by an Indian, — that 
they sold only what they themselves possessed, — 
the right to hunt and fish and occupy with others. 
When a purchaser died, his right reverted to the 
tribe. This explains subsequent troubles. The 
whites purchased, and supposed that they possessed 
a fee simple title, which the red man could not un- 
derstand, and he was forced to yield to what he felt 
was injustice. 

In the year 1660 there was an Indian Sagamore 
named Kennebis,* and it has been conjectured that 
he was one of a long line, for whom the river Ken- 
nebec was named.f In my History of Norridge- 
wockj may be found the following supposed origin 
of the name : — " It is highly probable that a Sachem 
named Kennebis, from some other tribe, left his own 
people out of dissatisfaction, and followed by his 
family and a few others, settled in the wilds of Maine. 
From him and his followers proceeded the Kennebec 
tribe, and the Kennebis of Indian history was doubt- 
less a descendant of the first Kennebis. History is 
silent, however, and conjecture is our only au- 

The Abnakis, or to give the word a free transla- 
tion, the Down-easters, occupied the best portion of 
Maine, and the Kennebecs possessed the best part of 
the country of the Abnakis. They were bold and 
brave, strongly attached to native soil, and peaceable 
when unmolested. The wigwams of their happy 
villages were to be seen wherever salmon and shad 
abounded, and wild game was plenty. All along 
the slopes and savannahs of the beautiful Kennebec 
their hunting grounds extended, and the quiet graves 

♦ Williamson's Hist. Me. 

t Drake's Book Indians, Book III. Ch. VII. 

X Hanson's Hist. Norridgewocki &c., p. 15. 


of their fathers clustered around the mouth of each 
tributary to their beloved river. *" Here lived and 
loved another race of beings." The silent river as 
it rolled its constant journey to the sea, bore on its 
bosom some dark-eyed Indian maid in her light 
shallop, or a company of hunters or warriors as they 
paddled their white canoes across its blue surface. 
Where stands the busy mill, then drank the antlered 
moose. Where spreads the wide green intervale, 
then wrought the busy beaver. Where now is heard 
the locomotive^s scream, the steamboat wheel, then 
howled the wolf, then leaped the golden salmon, 
then fled the caribou. The all-beholding sun as he 
gazed on our splendid stream, saw only nature and 
her votaries.'* 

The mouths of the Cabbassa-contee and the Nahum- 
keag were two of their favorite resorts, at an early 
date, though the irruption of the whites soon drove 
them further up the river. As early as 1614, when 
Capt. John Smith visited the river, before any white 
men, Nahumkeag was a noted place. Though his 
observation was limited, and his means of knowledge 
slight, yet he points out localities, and repeats names 
sufficiently definite. He says : f — " The principal 
habitations I saw at Northward, was Penobscot, Avho 
are in wars with their next northerly neighbors. 
Southerly up the rivers, and along the coast, we 
found Mecadacut, Segocket, Pemaquid, Nusconcus, 
Sagadahock, Satquin, Aumaughcawgen and Ken- 
EBECA. To those belong the countries and people of 
Segotago, Pauhunlanuck, Pocopassum, Taughtanaka- 
gnet, Wabigganus, Nassaque, Masherosqueck, Waw- 
rig wick, Moshoquen, Waccogo, Pasheranack, &c. 
To these are allied in confederacy the countries of 

* £[ist. of Noixidgewock & Canaan, 
t 3 CoU. Mass. Hist. Soc. p. 21, 22. 



Aucocisco, Accomenticus, Passataqiiack, Aiigawoam 
and Naemkeek, all these, for anything I could per- 
ceive, differ little in language or anything," etc. 
There can be little doubt that the Nahumkeags were 
at that time and previously a flourishing clan of the 
Kennebecs. In the neighborhood of the Cabbassa- 
contee and Nahumkeag, they hunted the trout, the 
salmon, the moose, the caribou, deer, bear, rabbit, 
loupcervier, martin, fox and beaver. Here were group- 
ed their wigwams and birchen canoes. Here the 
council fire was lighted, here the warwhoop was 
heard. *' Gazing on the same sun that smiles on us, 
the Indian hunter pursued the panting deer ; looking 
on the same moon that rolls above us, the Indian 
lover wooed his dusky mate." 

There are evidences that the region of Cabbossa 
was a favorite home of the red men. Their bones, 
arrows, kettles, and other implements and utensils of 
war and peace, have been exhumed. When Daniel 
Nutting, Esq. erected his house, in the year 1829, he 
found in the earth composing a large knoll, numbers 
of arrow-heads, etc., some of which are now deposit- 
ed in the cabinet in Brunswick.* The soil of Pitts- 
ton village, and especially that in the immediate 
neighborhood of the Methodist church, seems to 
have been an Indian burial place. Paint, arrows, 
kettles, bones, and other relics have been found in 
abundance.! Mr. George Williamson has a brass 
kettle, thus found, from which the iron bale had 
entirely rusted away. A large kettle was discover- 
ed containing the bones of an aboriginal infant.J 

Generally, Indian names and their origin are but 
poorly preserved. In this locality we are more 
fortunate. A tradition is preserved, which says : — 

♦ Daniel Nutting, Esq. f George Williamson, Esq. 

t Mr. Joshua Nickerson. 


When the first red men came from the distant and 
beautiful North-west, to which the Indian always 
directed his gaze, and where he fancied were the 
Happy Hunting grounds, a small clan settled along 
the Cabbassa-contee, from its source to its mouth. 
Scarcely had they pitched their wigwams, when, one 
day, one of their number, a noted brave, went down 
to the shore, and, divesting himself of his clothing, 
exclaimed * I am a Sturgeon,' or Cabbassa, and 
plunged into the Kennebec, near the mouth of the 
stream. Immediately a large sturgeon was seen 
frolicking among the waves, but, though the sanups 
and sachems of the tribe looked long and anxiously 
for the warrior's return, and though his squaw and 
pappooses mourned his absence, he was never seen 
again. Ever after, when one of the tr^be was asked 
who he was, he would reply, * I am a Sturgeon,' or 
Cabbassa, or, in other words, a red man from Cab- 
bassaguntiag. (gradually, the hieroglyph of a stur- 
geon was adopted as their symbol, and was attached 
to their treaties, or deeds. 

Kendall, who traveled through the region of the 
Kennebec in 1807 - 8, says : — 

'* A very trifling number of the Indians, of this 
river, are still in existence, and belong to the village 
of St. Francais, where they bear the name of Cab- 
bassaguntiac, that is, people of Cabbassaguntiquoke. 
Cabbassa signifies a Sturgeon, The pronounciation 
Cabbassa, more elegant, as I think, than Cobbisse, 
is constant among the Indians whom I saw ; and I 
may take this opportunity of remarking, that the 
form of the Indian words is commonly more elegant 
in their own mouths, than as they are rendered by 
the English colonists. I exclude, on this occasion, 
all that is deeply guttural in their speech." 

Dr. Morse declares the original name of the stream 
was Copsecook, which Kendall reasonably observes, 
is a contraction of Cobbessecontiquoke. Charlevoix^ 


in his time, delineates a river, with a foH on the 
north side of its mouth, which he calls fort Cook. 
This, says Kendall, " must be intended for fort 

Doubtless Cabbassa means sturgeon and thus the 
land around the stream should be called Cabbassa- 
guntiag, or the place to catch sturgeon, and the tribe 
was the Cabbassaguntiquokes, or Indians from the 
sturgeon region. I think Kendall must have trans- 
posed the words, for a^ as a terminal, always sig- 
nifies a place.f 

* Travels, vol. in. p. 124, 126. 

t The Compiler of ttese pages has taken great pains to collect 
the various aboriginal names of places in Maine, and obtain their 
significations. Tq this end he has consulted the Governor at Old- 
town, through the Rev. O. H. Johnson, but while he has two or 
three hundred names, he has only been able to find a very few 

Nanransoaky (Norridgewock,) — Smooth water between falls. 

PenobsquisumquuieboUj (Sandy River,) — Rocky and sandy river. 

WaUagash or Allagash^ — Bark for a camp. 

Megallaway, — Birch bark region. 

OosooUiy (South Norridgewock,) — A spot frequently intuidatcd. 

Taconnet, (Waterville,) — A place to cross. 

Kennebec, — The country owned by Kennebis. 

MooseeliLcmaguntic, — The great place for moose. 

Sunkarunkatunkf (Sagadahock,) — Mouths of rivers. 

Nahumkeag, — Good fishing-place. 

Seboois, — A small stream. 

Carattmk, — A narrow strip of land, between two rivers. 

Presumpscot, — Rough place in a river. 

Sebasticookf — A river parallel with another. 

Kendtiskeagt — Place for taking salmon. 

SebagOf — Great waters. 

Umbagogt — Great waters near other. 

Cobscook, — A small, muddy stream. 

Maquoitf — Meeting of waters. 

Narramiasic, — Hard to find. 

Allamoosic^ — Good for nothing. 

Loshtocj (St. John's river,) — Wide and shallow. 

Necotocy — Two streams forming an acute angle. 

Sunkhaze, — Dead water at the river's mouth. 

Passadumkeagt — Falling water before the falls. 

Metawamkeag, — A gravelly stream. 

Schoodic, — Where fish live all the year. 


They treated the first white men with the great- 
est kindness and hospitality. , When the pale faced 
strangers came, and sought to buy their lands, they 
cheerfully sold them with an Indian title ; giving 
them permission to occupy with the same privileges 
as themselves. For more than fifty years* the 
whites had constant intercourse with the Indians 
without the least difficulty. It was not till they 
began to understand that the whites claimed a fee- 
simple title of their lands, and designed to drive 
them away from their hunting grounds, and not 
until other wrongs were heaped upon them, that they 
began to resist their advances, and commit deeds of 
violence. The acts of wrong committed by the 
whites were commenced very early. In 1614, Capt. 
John Smith's companion, Thomas Hunt, stole several 
savages and made slaves of them ; among others, 
Squando. When the Pilgrims came over, they too 
treated them barbarously, and soon their hatred was 
roused. History settles the fact, that they were 
well disposed until they were wronged. When they 
found that a string of beads or a peck of corn was 
all that they had received for a valuable tract of 
country, in a word, when they fairly understood 

Penobscot, — River of rocks. 

Natuahy — An intervale. 

Megunticooky — Great swells of sea, 

Skoiohegan, — A place to watch, for fish. 

Arantsoak, — Great camping ground. 

Cabbasaconteag, — Where the sturgeon is found. 

Wesserweskeag, or Westkeag, — Land of sights. 

Cataioamteak, — Gieat landing-place. 

Among the aboriginal names of Maine, are some, equaling the 
Latin in their majesty of sound, and others not surpassed in liquid 
melody of sound by the best of the southern Indian dialects. 
Could they be collected and defined, they would make a fine cata- 
logue. What Latin proper name surpasses Madockawando, or 
where in the Italian is a more liquid name than Oosoola, or Al- 
lagash? * Williamson, vol. I. p. 498. 


what was meant by a white man's title, they refused 
to acknowledge it. 

Very early indeed, the whites found, and sought 
to hunt, and fish and trade on the Kennebec. The 
land from Merry-meeting Bay down to Winslow's 
Rock, in the Long Reach, was bought by James 
Smith, of Ramegin, or Robinhood, May 8, 1648. 
He paid annually one peck of corn, on the first day 
of November. But the deefl gives only an Indian 
title. It expressly says: — "with the privileges 
[reserved to me] as hunting, fowling, fishing, and 
other games."* In 1649, he sold Jeremysquam, and 
in 1654, Woolwich,! to Edward Bateman and John 
Brown. In 1648, (August 8,) the land on both 
sides of the river, from Cushnoc, (Augusta,) to Wes- 
serunsicke, (Skowhegan,) was sold to William Brad- 
ford, by Monquine, Agodoademago, and Tussucke.J 
Kennebis and Abbagadusset sold all of the land, as 
head sachems of the Kennebecs, on both sides of 
the river, several times over ;<5> proving, if there were 
no evidence besides, that they only expected buyers 
to occupy as tenants in common. In 1649, || Kenne- 
bis sold land to Christopher Lawson at Taconnet. 

From the very commencement of the seventeenth 
century, the French had made efforts, which were 
at last successful, to win over the Eastern Indians to 
their interest. In this they were much assisted by 
the Jesuit priests, among whom stand conspicuous 
Biart, duentin and Gilbert du Thet, Gabriel Dreuil- 
lettes, Vincent and Jaques Bigot, and Sebastian Rale 
These men forsook the attractions of civilized life, 
and with a zeal seldom witnessed on earth, devoted 
themselves to what they thought the spiritual in- 
terests of the red men of America ; and filled their 

* SulUvan's Hist. Me. t Ibid. 

J Williamson's Hist. Me. vol. I. p. 467. 

§ SuUivan's Hist. Me. i| Ibid. 


hearts at length with an inveterate hatred of English- 
men, which they endeavored to wreak on every 
possible occasion. At the commencement of their 
labors, in 1615, the Abnakis numbered about 17,000, 
of whom about 5,000 were Kennebecs, or Canibas. 
From the Catholic chapel at Norridgewock, and 
from the council lodges of the different clans on the 
Kennebec, where the wily priest was always seen 
in times of trouble, went out those influences which 
at last converted the Abnakis to Catholicism, and 
made them such bitter foes to the English and all 
Protestants, that nearly up to the period of the Rev- 
olution, they were the most terrible enemies to all 
the settlements of Maine. They were constantly 
excited by religious motives to miniature crusades, 
and the lonely cabin of the settler was ravaged, and 
the awful terrors of barbaric warfare were constantly 
seen. Nothing is more certain than that the efforts 
made by the French to conciliate the natives, efforts 
which were not made until too late, by the English, 
caused the Indians to pursue the course which re- 
sulted so injuriously to the New England settle- 

The English, at first, having fire-arms, drove the 
Indians away easily, and it was not until the French 
furnished them, that they began to resist success- 

In the year 1675, Ramegin or Robinhood, was 
the chief of the Kennebecs, and he was firmly allied 
with Tarumkinof the Anasagunticooks, and Squan- 
do of the Sokokis. Squando's squaw was passing 
along the Saco, and some rude sailors, having heard 
that Indian children could swim naturally, threw her 
child in, and caused its death. This roused Squan- 
do, and his friend Robinhood, and they plunged 
headlong into the first, or King Philip's war. The 
Kennebecs all engaged against the English in the 
six Indian wars which prevailed : — 1. King Philip's, 


from June 24, 1675, to AprU 12, 1678. — 2. King 
William's, from August 13, 1688, to Jan. 7, 1699. 
3. Queen Anne's, from August, 1703, to July 11, 
1713. _ 4. Lovewell's, from June 13, 1722, to Dec. 

15, 1725. — 5. Spanish, from July 19, 1745, to Oct. 

16, 1749. — 6. French and Indian, from April, 1755, 
to February 22, 1760.* 

On the breaking out of the first war, the settlers 
who were living near Bath, were alarmed, and a par- 
ty went up the Kennebec to ascertain the disposition 
of the Canibas. They met a band of Indians among 
whom were seven Kennebecs, who surrendered their 
arms. One, named Sowen, a Canibas, endeavored 
to kill Hosea Mallet. He was instantly secured, and 
was released on confessing that he deserved death, 
and offering to pay forty beaver skins. Robinhood, 
on hearing of the occurrence, celebrated it with a 
great feast and dance, and expressed the utmost 
friendship for the English."|s Nov. 29, 1690, Egere- 
met, alias Moxus, Toqualunt, and Watombanet, 
sachems on the Kennebec, signed a treaty at Saga- 
dahock. Two years after it was renewed, and sign- 
ed by Wassambomet, Ketteramogis, Bomazeen and 
Wenobson, of Kennebec. It was not kept, but the 
Kennebecs went against Dover, Wells, York, and 
many other places, especially the smaller ones in 
Maine. The miseries of the scattered settlers were 
terrible, for the Kennebecs, once aroused against 
them, became their worst foes, though they always 
buried the tomahawk, or crusted it with blood, as 
the French desired. 

Efforts were made to conciliate them, by the 
English, in 1705, by rebuilding a chapel which Col. 
Hilton had destroyed, at Norridgewock, but they 

* Williamson, Neal, Mass. Kec, Belknap, Mather's Magnalia, 
Penhallow. t Williamson, yol. I. p. 619. 


were unsuccessful, for, according to Rale,* in 1710 
they ravaged twenty leagues of territory, and killed 
two hundred, and took five hundred prisoners, and 
returned with ten canoes loaded with valuable plun- 
der. These outrages were attributed to Rale, and a 
reward of a thousand pounds was offered for his 

From this time the Indians began to relax their 
efforts against the English, though June 13, 1722, a 
war party of thirty Kennebecs took nine families 
who lived near Merry-meeting Bay, but dismissed all 
but five. 

A skirmish took place in 1723, not far from the 
mouth of Cabbassa-contee. Two Mohawk Indians 
entered^ into the service of the Eastern settlers, and 
they were sent to fort Richmond. Captain Heath, 
the commander, commissioned Ensign Colby and 
three whites to go on a scout up the river, with the 
Mohawks. After going a few miles, they said they 
smelt fire, and would go no further without more 
men. A messenger was despatched who returned to 
the fort, and brought thirteen soldiers, and after 
traveling a short distance, they met about thirty 
Abnakis. They killed two, and the rest retreated 
in so great a hurry as to leave their packs. Colby 
was killed, and two soldiers wounded. At this time, 
the Indians were so bold and hostile, that no house 
or person was safe any where in Maine. 

August 23, 1724, a party forever broke up the 
power of the Kennebecs, by destroying Norridge- 
wock, and killing Rile, and most of the leading 
chiefs and braves of the tribe. A monument was 
erected, August 23, 1833, to commemorate the event. 

In 1725, a trading house was established at fort 
Richmond. Sabatis, an Anasagunticook sachem, re- 

* Early Jesuits, p. 6$. 


quested government, in 1727, to keep supplies at 
Brunswick, saying, " in cold winters and deep snows, 
my men unable to go to fort Richmond, sometimes 
suffer." In 1732, the Governor visited the Kenne- 
bec, and after praising its beauty and capacity said, 
" fort Richmond if rendered defensible, is so situat- 
ed as to command the waters of the Kennebeck 
river," and he urged the great necessity of their 
fortifications being enlarged and repaired. 

Several petty attacks were made by small roving 
bands of Kennebecs, in 1745. 

Dec. 2, 1749, an unfortunate affray occurred at 
Wiscasset. in which a Canibas Indian \lras killed. 
Obadiah Albee and Richard and Benjamin Holbrook 
were arrested for the homicide, though they after- 
wards succeeded in escaping. This transaction en- 
raged the Indians of St. Francois and Becancourt, 
and about 100 braves proceeded to Richmond fort, 
then having but 14 men. Sept. 1 1, they made a 
violent assault, and had they known its weakness 
they would have taken it easily. But while they 
delayed Capt. Samuel Goodwin and a small palrty 
succeeded in entering the fort in the night, and 
caused the assailants to abandon the assault. They 
conmiitted ravages on the river at Dresden, Wiscas- 
set and other places. 

In 1751, most of them amalgamated with the St. 
Francois tribe. These sent a war party, in 1754, 
i^ainst fort Richmond, but after a few menacing 
words they retreated. The few who were now left 
of the original Kennebecs were scattered among the 
other tribes, and were only dangerous by acting as 
guides to the northern and eastern Indians. In 1764 
there were but thirty warriors left of the once great 
tribe of the Kennebecs.* 

♦ Williamson, vql, L p, 4»2. 


On the breaking out of the Revolution, the few 
remaining warriors of the Kennebecs gathered at 
Gardinerston, where they were persuaded by Paul 
Higgins, a white man who had lived among them 
from childhood, to join the Americans. Headed and 
guided by Reuben Colburn, they went, to the num- 
ber of twenty or thirty, in their canoes to Merry- 
meeting Bay, whence they proceeded to Cambridge 
on foot, and arrived August 13, 1775.* They were 
not much encouraged by Washington, and returned. 
Swashan.f a chief formerly distinguished around the 
western part of the State, but who lived in 1775 at 
St. Francois, came to Cabbassa with the Canibas, 
designing to aid the Americaiis. He told Washing- 
ton that half of his tribe, and nearly all of the 
Canadians, were ready to fight against the English, 
who seem to have made efforts to obtain their favor 
and that of the Canadians, in vain. In 1 795 there 
were but seven families, and there is not one of all 
that noble race now on the earth. 

Of the Kennebec chiefs, Robinhood lived at 
Woolwich; Kennebis at Swan Island; Abbigadas- 
sett at the same place ; Assiminasqua at Waterville ; 
Hopehood or Wohawa, at Woolwich ; Bomazeen at 
Waterville ; Arruhawikwabemt at Norridgewock ; 
Warraeensit and Wadacanaquin at the same place. 
Natahnis and Sabatis were two brothers who were 
much respected and beloved all along the river, 
'i'hey were with Arnold as guides, on his great ex- 
pedition to Canada. They resided in a very lonely 
place,J and were thought to be spies, and, on the 4th 
of October, Arnold surrounded the cabin of Natahnis 
and endeavored to take him. I'he place had been 
deserted a week. Near the wigwam was found a 
very accurate map of the route to Canada, which 

♦ Drake, B, lU. p. 16G. f Ibid. t Ibid. 


Natahnis had drawn on birch bark, and placed on 
the top of a stake. It was of great use to the army. 
In Canada the red brothers join^ the Americans, 
and were in the siege 'of Quebec, Dec. 31, 1775, 
where Natahnis was wounded in the wrist, and taken 
prisoner. Drake relates, on what seems good author- 
ity, that they were the only Indians employed in the 
Revolution by the Americans. 

On the first settlement of Gardinerslon, there 
were Indians frequently seen, and the early traders 
made most profitable bargains with them. They 
were able to purchase very valuable furs with a little 
rum or a small piece of bright cloth. They were 
Catholic, were faithful in their bargains, and harm* 
less and inoffensive in their intercourse, except when 
maddened to frenzy by the fire-water of the pale- 
faces. The scene displayed around the Cabbassa- 
contee, at the gathering previous to the journey to 
Cambridge, is well recollected,* as are the frequent 
journeys the red men were accustomed to make to 
the sea, in the early times ; but, with the exception 
of the incidents related of Ezra Davis and Alexander 
Brown, hereafter, it is not known that any impor- 
tant events ever occurred between the whites and 
Indians, in the neighborhood of the towns treated 
of in these pages. 

They rapidly passed away. The advancing tides 
of civilization swept them off, and'now their favor- 
ite haunts are filled with the institutions of a better 
mode of life. The dark, solemn forests have fallen. 
The wigwam has been succeeded by the farm-house 
aiid the populous village and city. The white sails 
of commerce, the railway train, the busy avocations 
of civilized life, now occupy the soil where the 
noble form of the dusky Indian dwelt. 

* Abiather Tibbets. 



The liistory of the early settlement of America 
is one of the most deeply interesting studies to the 
attentive observer of human affairs ; and the coloni- 
zation of the northern regions, especially, should 
receive his careful consideration. While it was 
known that this continent possessed realms as fair as 
ever the sun lighted, filled with tropical beauty and 
abundance, never fading flowers and always ripening 
fruits, the enterprising voyagere who first landed on 
our shores, with few exceptions, seem to have pre- 
ferred the wild, stormy regions of the north, to the 
sumiy vales and uplands of the south. Led by what 
is sometimes called an instinct, but what the Chris- 
tian more correctly calls Providence, they sowed the 
seeds of civilization in the wintry valleys of New 

That portion which is now Massachusetts, was 
permanently settled first, in New England, though 
the shores of Maine were known to English voy- 
agers very early.* Bartholomew Gosnold sailed from 
Falmouth, England, March 6th, 1 602, and proceeding 
westward, landed somewhere in the 43d degree of 
north latitude ; probably in the neighborhood of 

♦ There are excavations, and cellars, and the remains of found- 
ations to buildings, in Edgecomb and along the coast east of 
Wiscasset, which were found by the earliest settlers there, and 
which were made by unknown hands, perhaps long before the 
English or French settlement of North America. 



Moiuit Desert. He saw a European shallop with eight 
savages, one of whom wore Enghsh garments, 
whence he properly concluded that an English ves- 
sel had visited the coast before him. 

Martin Pring, in 1603, commanded two vessels, 
the Speedwell and the Discoverer, and visited Amer- 
ica for the purpose of obtaining cargoes of sassafras, 
then considered a powerful medicine. He sailed 
along the coast, but did not probably see the Kenne- 
bec river. 

In 1605, George Weymouth and his crew, coasted 
the shores of Maine, and discovered the Penobscot 
river. They sowed various garden seeds. May 22d, 
on an island, and this was the first essay at agricul- 
ture ever made in Maine. 

From this date various attempts were made at 
settling in this portion of the wilderness. In 1 606, 
James I. granted to the Plymouth Council all the 
land contained between the 34th and 45th degrees of 
north latitude, which grant included the southern 
half of Maine, and the Sagadahock colony was 
commenced, August 11, 1607, on Stage Island; but 
this place was soon abandoned, and the colony pro- 
ceeded to Atkin's bay, about ten miles from the 
mouth of Kennebec river. Here a small colony of 
forty-five persons wintered, in 1607-8. The place 
was known in subsequent times as Popham's fort. 
In the course of the year 1608 the colony became 
discouraged by a variety of causes, and the enter- 
prise was abandoned. There was not sufficient 
stamina and perseverance in the colonists to oppose 
successfully the rigors of our austere clime. 

Other settlements were made in various places, and * 
grants and patents of different parts of Maine were 
conveyed to several prominent persons. The cele- 
brated Capt. Smith, of Pocahontas memory, explored 
the region, and others attempted a colony in 1614, 
and another in 1617, and at subseqiient periods. 


In 1620, King James renewed the charter of 1 606, 
with more ample privileges and better defined limits, 
extending from the 40th to the 48th degree of north 
latitude ; and in 1624, the Plymouth Council made 
a grant of a portion of the territory which they 
received from King James to Sir Ferdinando Gorges 
and John Mason. It was defined as extending from 
the Merrimack to Sagadahock. The Council evi- 
dently meant the Saco, so ill-defined and incorrectly 
named were localities in those days ; but the gran- 
tees claimed to the Kennebec, and as both claimants 
conveyed the same places to difierent individuals, 
great disputes resulted. 

It was not until two years after, in the year ] 626, 
that the New Plymouth settlers began to trade with 
the natives along the Kennebec. In that year a 
shallop of corn passed up the river, and returned 
with TOOlbs of beaver skins, and some other furs.* 
These voyagers, being desirous of securing for them- 
selves all this profitable trade, applied to the Ply- 
mouth Council for a Patent, which they obtained,! 
but it was too indefinite to be of very great service. 
Still, with Indian corn and wampum,J and a few 
trinkets, valuable furs were obtained for the Euro- 
pean market, and thus the adventurous settlers and 
traders managed to turn very advantageous bargains. 
In 1628, a trading house was erected near Merry- 
meeting Bay. 

January 13, 1629, the Kennebec or Plymouth 
Patent was granted to New Plymouth. It was from 
the old Plymouth colony to William Bradford and 
his associates as follows : — 

" And FORASMUCH as they had no convenient 

♦ Prince's Annals, p. 156-7. t Williamson, vol. I. p. 233. 

J Wampum or wampumpeag was composed of blue and white 
beads, and was much desired for ornam.eiita, "b'j ^^ ^<^'da\^ va. 
Maine, It was purchased of the Nanaganaett^ woA Yec^jMi^. 


Place either of Trading or Fishing within their own 
Precincts, whereby after so long Travel and great 
Pains, so hopeful a Plantation might subsist, as also 
that they might the better be encouraged to proceed 
in so pious a Work, which might especially tend to the 
Propagation of Religion, and the great Increase of 
Trade to his Majesty's Realms, and Advancement o£ 
the Public Plantation ; 

" The said Council further granted and assigned 
unto the said William Bradford, his Heirs, Asso- 
ciates and Assigns, All that Tract of Land or part 
of New England in America, aforesaid, which lyeth 
within or between and extendeth itself between the 
utmost limits of Cobbiseconte, alias Comaseconte, 
which adjoineth to the river of Kennebeck, alias 
Kennebekike, towards the western ocean, and a 
place called the Falls at Neguamkike, in America 
aforesaid, and the space of fifteen English miles on 
each side of the said river commonly called the 
Kennebeck river, and all the said river called Ken- 
nebeck, thai lies within the said limits, ifcc."* 

This grant, which was designed to further the 
settlement of America, contained 1,500,000 acres of 
land. Many disputes and much litigation grew out 
of the loose manner in which the limits of this 
grant were described, but at length the boundaries 
were submitted to Messrs. Walcot, Gridley. Pratt, 
Worthington and Hawley, very eminent lawyers, and 
they decided, in 1757, the southern boundary should 
be the northern line of Woolwich, below Swan 
Island, and the northern boundary, the southern line 
of Cornville, which would comprise a strip of land 
thirty miles wide, and from the Wesserunsicke, to 
the southernmost bend of the Cabbassa-contee river. 
This legal decision by the Superior Court of Massa- 

* Deed, Statement of Kennebec Cl«dm, etc. 


chiisetts and Maine, put a stop to the extravagant 
claims of the New Plymouth Company, which de- 
fined the sea as its southern bounds. As the south- 
em boundaries of the Kennebec Purchase were " the 
utmost limits of Cobbiseconte," and the " falls of 
Neguamkike," it became a most important question 
where these localities were. 

The earliest charts fix them well. In a plan 
dated 1752, is a place about four miles below the 
Cabbassa-contee, marked Nahumkee. In another 
early plan, the same place is called Nehumke. In 
Col. Heath's sucvey, made in 1719, and in Jones', 
dated 1731, the same place is called Nehumkeag, 
and in North's, made in 1752, it is marked Neguam- 
kike.* Many depositions were taken on this subject. 
Joseph Bane, aged 76 years, testified October 19, 
1752, that he was with the Indians many years, and 
that the Cobbiseconte was about twelve miles above 
Richmond fort, and that about four miles lower was 
Nehumke. Philip and Obadiah Call, James Collar, 
and John Harron, declared to the same efiect.f 

In 1634 a trading house was erected at fort Pop- 
ham, and another at Cushnoc, and, April 3, 1639, the 
charter of the Province of Maine was granted. 

In 1634,J the Lords Say and Brooke, commission- 
ed a Capt. Hoskins to visit Kennebec, but the au- 
thorities stationed on the river by the Plymouth 
Council forbade him to trade with the natives, and 
John Alden, one of the magistrates sent three men 
to cut his cables. They parted one, and he threaten- 
Ai them with death if they touched the other. They 

♦ Kennebec Claims. 

t Philip Call and Obadiali, his father, were among the very 
earliest settlers of Dresden. They were famous hunters, and were 
with the Indians much, Philip was grandfather to Cajjt. David 
Call, at Bowman's Point. 

J Williamsoii, vol, I. p. 252. 


did so, and he shot one, and immediately received a 
mortal wound himself. A kinsman of Hoskins pro- 
cured the arrest of Aiden, and he had his trial. It 
was declared that Alden had violated the sixth 
commandment, but that, as Hoskins was the aggres- 
sor, it was excusable homicide. This act and trial 
caused a great deal of excitement in Boston and 

The tribunal settled one principle, that . the New 
Plymouth colonists had an exclusive right to the 
trade of the Kennebec, and that all intruders were 

The Lords Say and Brooke wrote to the Governor 
of New Plymouth, " we could for the death of Hos- 
kins, have despatched a man-of-war and beat down 
your houses at Kennebeck about your ears." But 
the matter did not proceed to such extremities. 
Hubbard calls the captain^s name, Hocking. 
* * Twenty hogsheads of beaver were procured in 
1634 at Kennebec, by the New Plymouth adven- 
turers. It was in the Spring of this year, that 
Governor Winslow visited Kennebec, and was near 
being killed, by an Indian, as he stood on the 

In the year 1636, there were about 100 souls 
scattered up and down the Kennebec, but they were 
so sparse as not to be represented in the General 

In 1640, the owners of the Kennebec Purchase 
ceded their grant to all the freemen of the Plymouth 
colony, so that it soon took the name of the " Ne<6^ 
Plymouth Grant." 

Prom the year 1649 to 1666, the lands on both 
sides of the Kennebec were purchased a second 
time of the Sagamores who claimed them. But 

* WllUamson, vol, I. p. 266. t Ibvd, i^, 267, 


these lands were sold several times over by different 
chiefs to different purchasers. Even as early as 
1648, a chief sold all the land from the mouth of 
the river to Wesserunsett, to Governor Bradford. 
Sept. 10, 1653, Essemenesque testified that Mattah- 
anada sold to Wm. Bradford, ^^ all that tract of land 
from Cobbiseconte unto the place where I now 
dwell, called Ussemnscut," and that he and all other 
Indians concerned approved the sale.* July 8, 1653, 
Baggadussett declaredf that Monquine, alias Matta- 
hannada, the son of old Natawormet, Sagamore, 
" sold from the lower end of Cobbiseconte, to the 
upper side of Wesserunskeik.J He received two 
skins of liquor, and one skin of bread for more than 
a million acres of land. 

At this time the settlers and squatters, and trap- 
pers, regardless of the Plymouth Patent, and the 
claims of the Patentees, went wherever they chose, 
refusing to adhere to the company's rules, and as the 
Plymouth authorities were so far removed, they pur- 
sued their inclinations unmolested. Land could be 
had almost for the asking, but perhaps they thought a 
deed from an Indian owner, as good as one from a 
Plymouth claimant. The settlements and trade on 
the river declined considerably about the year 1650, 
and the exports were greatly lessened. 

May 15, 1654, a warrant was issued, calling upon 
the inhabitants on the river to assemble on the 23d, 
at the house of Thomas Ashly, near Merry-meeting 
Bay. Thomas Prince, the commissioner, was met 
by sixteen men, who took the oath of allegiance to 
England and the Plymouth colony. 

This<5» embryo State elected Thomas Purchas, of 
Pejepscot, Assistant, and John Ashley, constable. 

♦ Statement of Kennebec claim. Abo IaticoVd. 'Svfc^^r^ ^1 
dcedM, t Ibid. t IWd. \ Wmiamsoxi, \o\. 1. ^, ^^^T^ . 


None of them seem to have lived near Cabbassa. 
It is interesting to note the civil enactments of this 
little band. Capital crimes, such as treason, murder, 
converse or compact with the devil, either by con- 
juration or witchcraft, arson, sodomy, rape, adultery, 
to be tried by the General Court. Other crimes to 
be tried by the Assistant's Court. Theft to be pun- 
ished by restoring three or fourfold ; the drunkard 
fined five shillings for the first, and ten shillings for 
the second oflfence, and to be put in the stocks for 
the third. Sabbath-breaking, at the discretion of 
the Assistant. Selling strong liquor to the Indians, 
to forfeit double the amount sold for the first offence, 
fourfold for the second, and for the third, to be for- 
ever prohibited from trading with them. Fishing 
and fowling free. 

Nowhere* else had the fur trade been so indus- 
triously and profitably followed. For nearly forty 
years the rich beaver and other peltries, had been 
sent by hogsheads and bales to other parts of the 
world, and yet, in 1661, when the patent was con- 
veyed to Boies, Tyng, Brattle and Winslow, there 
were not in the 700 square miles, above 300 white 
people. The colony sold its rights to Antipas 
Boies, Edward Tyng, Thomas Brattle and John 
Winslow, for £400. No systematic attempt to settle 
was made for many years. The descendants and 
assignees of these men, associated and formed what 
was long known .as the Kennebeck Company, and 
the owners of our soil now trace their titles back to 
that organization. 

t" In 1676, Alexander Brown was killed at his 
house at Kerdoormeorp, about six miles above Swan 

♦ Williamson, vol. I. p. 370. 

t History of the Kennebec Purchase by R. H. Gardiner, Esq.,' 
p, 278, Maine Hist. Coll. 


Island ;" and at the same time all the other whites 
who had located above Swan Island, for purposes of 
fishing and hunting, etc. There seem to have been 
several scattered along the river, possibly some as far 
upasCushnocand Taconnet,( Augusta and Winslow.) 
The celebrated charter of William and Mary, 
dated October 7th, 1691, divided Maine into two 
great sections called Maine and Sagadahock. The 
former extended from the Piscataqua to the Kenne- 
bec, and* the other from the Kennebec to the St. 

The* long delay of settlement 'on the Kennebec, 
seemed to decline in the year 1716, for we find the 
proprietors offering to give families 100 acres of 
land, and to remove them and their effects, and aid 
them in supporting the Gospel, if they would become 
settlers. . Doctor Noyes of Boston, a prominent man 
among the Plymouth proprietors, built a stone fort 
at Cushnoc this year, said to be the best in the East. 
This fort was surrounded by settlers, and encouraged 
other towns less exposed, and doubtless the country 
would have thrived rapidly ; but the demon War 
lighted his torch, and the inhabitants retreated. The 
Indians burnt it in Lovewell's war, and gradually 
the fisheries and trading ceased. 

Williamson tells us that Noyes entered largely into 
the sturgeon fishery, for the English market. The 
London epicures pronounced the American sturgeon 
to be equal to those brought from Norway. The 
best place in the river was around the mouth of the 
Cabbassa. Thousands of barrels were transported to 

In the year 1719, fort Richmond was built op- 
posite Swan Island, on the west bank of the river. 
It was near tlie water, and not very well built. It 

* Penhallow. Kennebec C\«iina. 



was dismantled in 1754. It stood in the present 
town of Richmond, ten miles below Gardiner. " On 
a map dated in 1720, there is a house drawn, and a 
clearance delineated on the west side of Kennebec 
river, a little above Nahumkeag Island, and marked 
fishing establishment."* "From depositions pre- 
served in the Company's records, it appears that in 
1728 there was only one family remaining at Liong 
Reach, now Bath, and that all the country from 
Damariscotta mills to the ocean was a wilderness. "f 

Several ships were built near the mouth of the 
river, in the year 1742, and it is not known that this 
great branch of business was followed in Maine be- 
fore. During the same year, the Governor proposed 
oflfering to foreign Protestants lands, such as would 
induce settlement ; for it was ascertained that grants 
of townships and plantations to single individuals 
did not procure their settlement. 

At this time the people from Richmond fort, and 
north, were taxed £31. There were ten soldiers 
stationed there in 1743 and 25 in 1744. 

Mr. Gardiner says, %'' The meetings of the Com- 
pany continued regularly from 1 749 till they were 
finally closed, in 1816. Very strong prejudices 
existed against the Plymouth Company for many 
years previous to its dissolution. Some of the proprie- 
tors were men of fortune who invested their money 
in the purchase as a good speculation, and without 
intending to give themselves any trouble about its 
management ; others, being tories at the period of 
the Revolution, abandoned their country, and never 
again returned to it. The portions therefore of the 
lands which those persons had received in severalty 
were wholly neglected, purchases could not be made, 

♦ Hist. Kennebec Purchase, Maine Ilist. Col. by R. H. Gard- 
jner, Esq,, p. 279. f Ibid. % Ibvd,.-^. ^T8. 


for there was nobody to sell ; the best settlers would 
only go where they could obtain a title to the soil. 
These lands were therefore taken up by men of no 
property and little industry, who were generally 
unwilling to make improvements on soil to which 
they had no title, and from which they could be 
ejected at any moment. 

" A heavy responsibility rests upon the person 
upon whom devolves the duty of fostering the settler 
in his first eflforts to subdue the wilderness ; where 
lands are held in large patents or proprietaries, the 
individual settler must mainly depend upon the Cor- 
poration for the establishment of roads, schools, 
places of worship and those other essentials to the 
prosperity of a civilized community ; property be- 
yond what a man has acquired by his own hands, 
is altogether a creature of law, and is designed for 
the general benefit, and the laws of our country as 
well as of others, allow the owner to be deprived of 
this property against his consent, upon an equivalent 
granted, when it becomes necessary for the public 
convenience. Any man therefore who keeps back 
from cultivation the soil necessary for the welfare of 
the community, acts in dereliction of the principles 
upon which the tenure of property is founded, and 
has no reason to complain, if by betterment laws or 
other enactments his negligence should be punished 
by a practical forfeiture of his rights. • 

" Without therefore attempting to justify the in- 
dividual proprietors, the eflforts of the Plymouth 
Company for a quarter of a century after its forma- 
tion, were judicious and unremitting, and they spared 
neither labor nor expense to promote the prosperity 
of the settlement, and it is owing to their exertions 
that the county of Kennebec has held so distinguish- 
ed a place in the State." 

In March, 1752, a tract five in\\e?i sc^"axe ^o^^ 
Cabbassacontee river, was granted lo VVvc^^ ^t^cycss. 


from Massachusetts, provided they would place cue 
hundred settlers on the same within three years, and 
townships on the same terms were offered to John 
Stedman, of Rotterdam, Henry Ebronfield, of Frank- 
fort, and Gershom Flagg.* These offers were all in 
vain, on account of the difficulty of obtaining settlers. 
At the same time it was voted in the Company that 
any settler petitioning for a lot of land any where 
in the Patent should have it. 

It has been observed that several attempts were 
made to settle parts of our State, and even portions 
of Kennebec, previous to the grant made to the 
owners of the Kennebec Purchase. The great dis- 
tance from the centre of power, and the consequent 
hardships, and exposure to danger, prevented the 
accomplishment of that purpose, which the great 
advantages of hunting, fishing and soil seemed to 
suggest. The Indians of Maine, always in the French 
interest, and among the most implacaHIe on the con- 
tinent, operated as a constant check on every enter- 
prise. While the Indians of Plymouth were weak 
and soon exterminated or subdued, those of Maine 
were always able to descend in destruction on the 
whites, and find immediate security in their vast 

The Plymouth Grant was of great value for its 
salmon, sturgeon and furs, and the parent colony 
used much efibrt to derive a. valuable revenue from 
the territory, but squatters and trappers who disre- 
garded their claims interfered largely with their 
profits, and it was because the property was poor, 
that they sold their claim in 166 l.f 

Their labors were confined to fishing and trading 
until 1749, when efforts were made to settle the 

* R, H. Gardiner, Esq., Hist. Ken. Pur., Maine Hist. CoL 
vol. II. p. 280, 281. t Hiat, PVymoutV, ^. \\%. . 


territory, and accordingly a meeting of the old pro- 
prietors and others, who by will or purchase had 
become owners, was held in September, 1749, and 
after much consuhation,*Massachusetts passed an act 
incorporating the proprietors of the Kennebec Pur- 
chase from the Plymouth colony, in June, 1753. 

*" At the time of this incorporation, their claims 
were very extensisre under the purchase, and extend- 
ed from Casco Bay to Pemaquid, and from the ocean 
to Carratunk falls. Four adjoining Companies claim- 
ed, however, large portions of this territory, whose 
claims, after tedious litigation, were finally settled, 
either by compromise or reference. The controversy 
with Clarke and Lake, was the first settled. They 
claimed under Indian deeds, and after sundry law- 
suits and references, it was decided in 1758, that on 
the east side of Kennebec river, the north line of 
the present town of Woolwich should be the south 
boundary of the Plymouth Patent, and the north 
line of Clarke and Lake. The second claim was of 
the Wiscasset Company, also under Indian deeds, 
and was finally settled by compromise in 1762, the 
boundary line between them being fixed at half 
way between the Sheepscot and Kennebec rivers, 
from Monsweag bay to the upper narrows in Sheep- 
scot river. The third settlement was with the 
Pejepscut proprietors who had obtained formal re- 
cognition of their titles by a charter from William 
and Mary, and by the Massachusetts Legislature, in 
1715, and again in 1726; but a clause was inserted 
in the Massachusetts confirmations, " saving all other 
interest that may be found therein." This com- 
promise was arranged after much difficulty in 1758, 
but was not finally completed till some years later, 

♦ Hist, of the Ken. Purchase, R. H. Gardiner, E3c\,,Maiaft 
Hist. Col. yol. n. p. 276, 277. 



when in 1766 the Pejepscut Company released to 
the Plymouth Company the lands between New 
Meadows and Kennebec river, comprising the present 
towns of Phippsburg and Bath, and determined the 
line between them as the south line of the Plymouth 
Company, to nm from the mouth of the Cathance 
river, W. N. W., and the west line to be fifteen 
miles from Kennebec river, but it was another half 
century before the meaning of the expression " fifteen 
miles from Kennebec river," which was to be the 
west line of the Plymouth Company, and the east 
line of the Pejepscut was finally settled. The Courts 
after a tedious suit determined that it should nqf, be 
a line parallel to the Kennebec river, but a line every 
where fifteen miles distant from any part of the 
river. The fourth settlement was in 1763, with the 
Pemaquid proprietors, holding under a grant from 
the Plymouth colony." 

In 1752, the Government deposited several hogs- 
heads of bread, and several barrels of pork at fort 
Richmond to conciliate the Indians. Settlements 
were now rapidly increasing. Woolwich, Bath, 
Edgecomb, Dresden, Bowdoinham, Topsham, Wis- 
casset, Sheepscot and other places were filling up, 
and the State seemed prospering, though many con- 
troversies about land titles were fruitful causes of 
trouble. Besides, the Indians were constantly com- 
plaining of the settlements above fort Richmond. 
They denied that their fathers had ever designed to 
convey lands further north than that place. In 1754 
some 60 of them visited Richmond, and threatened 
its destruction. The new encroachments of the 
settlers, and the instigations of the French, seem to 
have been the principal causes. 

Settlers began to move in, about 1751, and the *fort 

* Maine Hist. Col. toI. II. p. 279, K. II. Gardiner, Esq. 


at Augusta was built in 1764, and that at Winslow in 
1755. " The proprietors* now attributed their want 
of success to the dread of the hostile Indians, which 
deterred settlers from coming within their patent, 
and to remove this dread they chose a committee to 
treat with the Indians, and to satisfy them of the 
peaceable nature of their settlements; and in 1754, 
in order to give confidence to the lower settlements 
on the Kennebec, they voted that if the government 
of Massachusetts would build a fort at Ticonic,t that 
they themselves would build barracks and block- 
houses. This proposition was assented to, by the pro- 
prietors undertaking to build a house of hewn timber 
100 feft by 32, and 11 feet high, at Cushnoc,J two 
blockhouses and two sentry boxes, and also to pro- 
tect the workmen ; to these terms the proprietors 
agreed, and the house known by the name of the 
Old Fort then built, is still standing on the east side 
of the river, a little below the bridge at Augusta, 
and fort Halifax at Ticonic, was completed the fol- 
lowing year." 

" Among the new proprietors at the organization 
of the Company, was Dr. Sylvester Gardiner; he 
must have inspired great confidence in his judgment 
and discretion, for he was almost immediately made 
perpetual moderator of all their meetings, and from 
that period till the American Revolution, he devised 
all their plans, and directed all their measures, and 
expended large sums from his own private fortune to 
forward the settlements in Kennebec, and to his 
enlarged views, indefatigable exertions and liberal 
mind, may be attributed those plans which so rapidly 
advanced the prosperity of the Patent. As evidence 
of the vigorous measures adopted, it may be mention- 
ed that in eleven years from the time Dr. Gardiner as- 

♦ Maine His. Col. vol. II. p. 279. f Winslow. { Augusta. 


sumed the management of the Company's concerns, 
£5000 were assessed on the shares of the Company, 
which was expended in promoting the prosperity of 
the Patent. In 1761, they erected the County 
buildings for the County of Lincohi; at Pownalboro', 
now Dresden, and the' court house then erected, is 
still standing on the east side of the Kennebec, 
about two miles al)ove Swan Island. The difficulty 
of obtaining settlers at this period, when the expect- 
ation of realizing sudden wealth by emigration had 
subsided, where no inducement was offered to emi- 
grants beyond the grant of a fruitful soil requiring 
patient labor before it would yield its slow returns, 
can hardly now be realized. Europe did not then 
contain a large surplus population to be annually 
provided for, the sword preventing any increasing 
numbers. The few who were tempted to leave 
their friends and country to obtain a more comforta- 
ble support, were attracted to the milder climates, 
and more stable governments of the older colonies. 
The early records of the colony give abundant evi- 
dence of the difficulty of obtaining settlers, and 
show the means adopted by the proprietors for secur- 
ing them. In the year 1751, a number of Germans 
having arrived at Bostoli, the Plymouth Company 
as an inducement to them to settle in their Patent, 
offered immediately to give each family one hundred 
acres of land in what is now called Dresden, to pay 
their passage from Boston, and to advance them six 
months provisions, and to build a house of defence 
against the Indians ; the only conditions they im- 
posed upon the settlers, were that each should clear 
five acres of land, and build a house 20 feet by 1 8, 
within three years. These offers were accepted, and 
the descendants are yet to be distinguished in that 
neighborhood by their patronymic names."* 

♦ Hist. Ken. Piir. Maine Hist. Col. vol. II. p. 279, 280. 


To Dr. Gardiner undoubtedly the praise should 
be ascribed of settling the region of ancient Pittston, 
and for aiding very materially in the general settle- 
ment of the Kennebec valley. The particulars of 
his biography, and sketches of his family and de- 
scendants may be found hereafter, as well as an 
account of the eflforts he made to settle Gardinerston. 
The extract just quoted from the pen of his grand- 
son, conveys a proper idea of his services. 

February 14, 1753,* 21,000 acres of land were 
granted to Ephraim Jones and Eleazar Melvin of 
Concord, and Joseph Fay of Andover, Massachusetts. 
This land comprised Gardiner. The Company re- 
served mill-sites, proper lands for the ministry, and 
1000 acres for other purposes. But the conditions 
of furnishing settlers were not complied with, and 
the grants were ^forfeited, though the Proprietors 
afterwards ceded the reservation of milj-sites, all but 
those on the falls in West Gardiner, known as Cram's 
mills. Finding that the trio above-mentioned were 
not likely to furnish the necessary " hundred fami- 
lies," the proprietors decided in March,* that they 
might have such proportion of the grant as they 
furnished families. But even under these favorable 
auspices, no settlements were made. Inf the same 
year they granted to Florentius Vassal a township, 
on condition of his introducing one hundred settlers 
in five years. This was the sixth township which 
was oflfered upon the same conditions within little 
more than a year, but in no instance wer? the gran- 
tees aye to avail themselves of the offers, and the 
grants became void. The offer of a township was 
made to James Otis, in 1754, but it was no more 
successful than the rest. 

♦ R. H. Gardiner, Hist. Kennebec Pur. Maine Hist. Col. vol. II. 
p. 281. t Ibid. 


Dr.* Sylvester Gardinf^r who had long been aware 
of the great facilities of the Kennebec river and its 
territories, now began to turn his energies to the 
work of settlement. He brought an uncommou 
zeal, a ripe judgment, great business talent, and a 
powerful interest in the growth of the country, to 
bear on his enterprise, and so confident was he of 
success, that he was willing to commence at his own 
expense, what the large Company of Proprietors, had 
never been able to accomplish. He received a grant 
of four hundred acres of land, where Dresden vil- 
lage now stands, cleared up land, laid out a farm, 
erected houses and mills, and employed a sloop to 
run to the Kennebec in the summer, and to the 
Sheepscot in the winter. The farm and farmhouse 
are now owned and occupied by one of his great- 

In December, 1754, f"the Company granted to 
Dr. Gardiner the falls and part of the land forming 
the present town of Gardiner, not as a gift as they 
had offered it the previous year to strangers, but as a 
portion of what he would be entitled to in the future 
divisions of the Company, and trusting to his deter- 
mined purpose, these grants were made without the 
usual restrictions or limitations ; and so well did Dr. 
Gardiner fulfil the expectations of the Company, that 
he soon afterwards commenced, and in a few years 
completed at Gardinerston, now Gardiner, two saw- 
mills, a grist-mill, fulling-mill, pot-ash, wharf, stores, 
and many houses, and cleared an extensive farm; he 
also cleared farms and built houses at the Chops near 
Merry-meeting Bay, at Lynde's Island, Swan Island, 
Dresden, Pittston and Winslow, and was at great 
expense in introducing settlers and furnishing them 

* R. H. Gardiner, Esq., Maine Hist. Col. vol. II. 
t Ibid, p. 283. 


with supplies. The houses he built were mostly on 
the same model, two stories in front, and one back, 
with a roof sloping from the ridge-pole of the front 
part to the eves of the one story in the rear ; the 
one at Swan Island is still occupied by another of 
his descendants. His exertions gave great stimulus 
to the settlements ; for many years his grist-mill was 
the only one in the country, and settlers came thirty 
miles with their meal bags upon their backs, from 
the interior, or in canoes by the river, to get their 
grists ground." He did so well that the terms on 
which the lands were granted, were yielded as ap- 
pears by the following : — 

** At a meeting of the Proprietors of the Kennebeck Purchase 
fjom the late Colony of New Plymouth, held at Boston by ad- 
journment, the Fifth February, 1755 : 

•' Whereas this Propriety at their meeting at Boston held by ad- 
journment, the 11 : December, 1754, did vote, grant and assign to 
Silvester Gardiner of Boston, Physician, his heirs and assigns for- 
ever. Two Tracts of Land on Kennebeck River as pr. said Grants 
reference thereto being had, may more fully appear on Conditions 
of settling two Families on each Tract within three years from the 
date of the Grants if not prevented by War, which Grants were 
made for great Services done this Propriety by said Silvester Gar- 
diner, therefore it is imanimously Voted, That the said Grantee, 
his heira^and assigns shaU hold the aforesaid Lands forever, iree 
from the Conditions of settling two Families on each tract as men- 
tioned in said Grants. 

" A True Copy, Exam'd. 

" Pr* Henry Alline, jun., Prop'rs Clerk," 

*As late as 1775, and until a mill was erected at 
Sebasticook, the settlers of old Norridgewock and 
Canaan, were obliged to go to ^* Cobbossee," to mill, 
with their corn in their canoes. 

Other grants were soon made to James McCobb, 
Benjamin Faneuil and others, and among them, 
Samuel Oldham received one hundred acres, if he 
would barn a kiln of bricks on the spot for his own 

♦ Hanson's Hist, of Norridgewock and Canaan. 


use. So difficult was it to persuade settlers to go 
"down east." 

That the reader may see the form of the first 
grants, the following extract is presented. After re- 
citing the various titles by which the land had been 
held, a sketch of which has been given, the deed 
proceeds : — 

**• And whereas the said William Bradford and his Associates, 
afterwards assigned over and surrendered up to the late Colony of 
New Plymouth the aforesaid Tract on Kenebeck River, togemer 
with other Lands, and the same Colony afterwards, viz, : on the 
twenty-seventh Day of October, A. D. 1661, being seized of the 
whole Tract aforesaid on Kcfiebeck lUver, and also the Lands on 
both sides the said Iliver, upwards to Wesaarunscut, by their Deed 
of Bargain and Sale of that Date, for and in Consideration of the 
Sum of FOUR HUNDRED POUNDS Sterlinff, sold all the said 
Lands on said Kiver to Antipas Boyes, Edward Tyng, Thomat Brai" 
tie and John Winslota, their and every of their Heirs and Assigns 
forever, as the said Deed Registered in the Records of said Colony 
may more fully appear. KNOW YE, THAT we the Heirs and As- 
signs of the said Antipas Boyes, lUdward Tyny, Thomas Brattle and 
John Wi/uslow, of and in all said Lands on Kenebeck River afore- 
said, and legal Proprietors thereof, at our Meeting held at Boston^ 
this Eleventh Day of December, A. D. 1754, called and regulated 
according to Law, have voted, granted and assigned to Silvester 
Garduier of Boston in the County of Suffolk and Province of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay in New England, Physician, his Heirs and Assigns 
forever, Parcel of land within our Tract aforesaid, Situate lying 
and being on the "West side of Kenebeck river, butted and bound- 
ed as follows, viz. : Begnining Twenty Rods North of the Mouth 
of Cobbiseconte River and runs Westerly Two miles keeping the 
said Breadth, and then nms Southerly to the said Cobbiseconte 
River, and then runs on said River till it comes to the first pond in 
said River, and then runs on the East South Easterly side of said 
pond untiU it meets with the North Line of Lott No. 11, commcmly 
called Thomas Hancock Esq his Lott, then runs East South East 
on the North line of said Ijott untill it meets Kenebeck River, 
then runs Northerly up said Kenebeck River, untill it meets the 
first mentioned bounds ; On Condition the said Silvester settles 
two Families on said Tract within three years if not prevented by 
an Lidian War. 

** This L»tt granted to said Silvester lies in a Triangular Town 
and is called Lott (AB.) in the Companys plan as thereon deline- 
ated and laid down by John North Esq Surveyor. 

" In Witness whereof the proprietors aforesaid have caused 
their Seal to be hereto affix' d. " David Jeffries prop. Clerk. 

** A Copy of Dr. Silvester Gardiners Grant. 

[l. s.] ** Compared pr. David Jcf&ies prop. Clerk." 


** At a Meeting of the Pmprietore of {he Kenebeck Purchase from the 
late Cohny of New-Plymouth, on the 2Uh of Jan'y, 1753, unani^ 
mausl^ Voted, 

** This Proprietee will be at the Cost of Defending any Law- 
Suits that may arise on Account of any Grants made by said Pro- 
prietee to any Person or Persons whatsoever, provided said Grantee 
seasonably acquaint the said Proprietee with any Law-Suit com- 
menced against him or them as aforesaid ; and impower any one 
or more Person or Persons whom said proprietee shall appoint, to 
defend said Action or Actions to final Judgment {eum FaeuHate 
MuhstituendL,) and also afford said Person or Persons thus impower- 
«d, all such Assistance as he or they can, in Defence of the same." 

The lands on the west side of the Kennebec were 
granted as follows : — The land was laid out in lots 
one mile wide on the river, and five miles long, run- 
ning west, and each contained 3200 acres. Lot No. 

1 , commenced at Abagadussett Point, and was grant- 
ed to Benjamin Hallowell, Dec. 10,. 1760; Lot No. 

2, to Samuel Goodwin, April 8, 1760; No. 3, to 
Francis Whitmore and Rev. Mr. # Stone ; No. 4, to 
Wm. Bowdoin; No.*5, to Jeffries and Flagg; No. 6, 
to Thomas Hancock, in 1760; No, 7, to Charles 
Apthorp, Jan. 14, 1756 ; No. 8, to James Pitts, May 
5, 1756 ; No, 9, to James Bowdoin, Dec, 17, 1760 ; 
No. 10, to Wm. Bowdoin ; No. 11, to Thomas Han- 
cock, Jan. 14, 1756. Lot No. 11 was in the south- 
ern part of Gardiner, and was afterwards deeded to 
Ebenezer Hancock. 

Dr. Gardiner had four lots in the limits of Gard- 
inerstou, containing from twelve to fifteen thousand 
acres ; Lot AB has been mentioned, Lots 23 and 
24 were west of it, and he owned a five mile lot 

A new plan was» adopted in 1760 which, with 
ultimate extensions proved successful. Three tiers 
of lots were laid out ; in the first tier each lot was a 
mile deep and fifty rods wide, and every third lot was 
reserved for the proprietors, and marked P. while 
the other two were given to actual settlers. The 
second tier was reserved by the proprietorsj and the 


third bestowed on settlers. This oflFer of two-thirds 
of the best land, and five-ninths of the whole, soon 
turned the attention of people to this river, and settle- 
mental rapidly extended np the Kennebec, especially 
as the facts were officially published in America and 
Great Britain. This plan with some slight modifi- 
cations was the cause of the rapid growth of the 
country, and Winthrop and Hallowel) were incorpor- 
ated in 1771. And within a few years other towns 
grew up, especially on the close of the Revolution, 
when the hardy and industrious men who bore the 
Mgis of American Liberty began to flock hither. 

^^ *The Company sent agents round at various times^ 
to ascertain what settlers had complied with the con- 
ditions, and to tender grants, upon receiving a small 
fee of three dollars and a half. The Company's title 
to lands east of the Kennebec and towards the lower 
part of the Patent, being disputed by other proprie- 
tors, and the Company not being able to warrant in 
their corporate capacity, or to sell them without 
warranty, Dr. Gardiner undertook the responsibility 
for them; which proved troublesome to himself, and 
vexatious to his heirs. The Company conveyed to 
him large tracts of land on each side of Sheepscot 
river, and he gave two bonds, each in the penal sum 
of £20,000 sterling, to sell and account to them for 
the proceeds. The Revolutionary War internipted 
the business, and he had no opportunity after its close 
to complete it before his decease. The Company 
commenced suits on the bonds against his executors, 
which after being in Court some, years, were submit- 
ted to referees, who, after deliberating seven years, 
decided that so far from any thing being due from 
Dr. Gardiner's estate to the Company, there remained 
a balance of more than three thousand, five hundred 

• R, H. Gardiner, Eaq., Maine Hist. Col. vol. JI. p. 286. 


dollars due from tliem to him, which they decided 
should be paid his heirs, and that they should re- 
convey to the Company the fragments of lands not 
sold, and that the Company should restore to them 
certain bonds from settlers taken for portions of these 
lands, and which were in their possession. The 
Company also agreed to refund to the heirs nearly 
two thousand dollars, which they had been obliged 
to pay on account of these warranties." 

From the Revolution to the year 1796, the pro- 
prietors had neglected their propeTiy, and large 
numbers of squatters had settled on land, in many 
instances neglecting to see that they took settlers' 
lots, and thus the territory was filled with those who 
had no right or title to the land they occupied. And 
when the proper owners claimed their possessions, 
and sent their agents to collect or survey, they as- 
sembled in large bodies, and forcibly resisted. In 
1796,* the settlers in Jefferson not only repelled all 
owners, but they prevented others .from agreeing to 
measures not indorsed by themselves, and in 1810,t 
Jason Chadwick, a surveyor, was shot in Malta, 
while in the discharge of his duties. On one occa- 
sion a settler was shot for becoming a traitor to»the 
interests of the rest, in assisting to make surveys. 

There was even a specious show of legality in 
their movements, for they announced the theory that 
the Company being a corporation, had no power to 
sell except to liquidate debts, and that as they were 
not in debty they could not sell, and that therefore 
the settlers had a legal tenure, claiming under the 
offers given before the Revolution. This doctrine 
was quite general, and the settlers remained. These 
transactions filled the country with alarm and con- 
fusion. At first, attempts were made by the pro- 

♦ Williamson. . f Ibid. 


prietors to obtain acknowledgments of their rights 
from the squatters. This was of course refuised, 
and then recourse was had to the law. The settlers 
neglected their farms, in their efforts to resist what 
they deemed aggression, and the prosperity of Maine 
seemed at a stand. The murderers of Chad wick 
were imprisoned in Augusta Jail, and vain attempts 
were made to release them by force. At length, 
Elijah Brigham, Peleg CoflSn and Thomas Dwight 
were appointed commissioners by the consent of 
proprietors and settlers, to present a plan ot adju6t- 
ment, and they divided the latter into three classes : 
those who settled before, during, and after the Rev- 
olution. The first were to pay least, and the last 
most, for their lands. This plan, with some modi- 
fications, ultimately settled disturbances, and on the 
reception of a township on the Penobscot river, 
which was divided among the proprietors to com- 
pensate for losses, the excitement ceased ; the rebel- 
lious squatters resumed the hoe, and subsequent 
litigation has been confined to those points incidental 
to all land-ownership. After being in operation for 
sixty-five years, the affairs were ended iu 1816. 

ft! H. Gardiner, Esq,, in winding up an interest- 
ing sketch of the Company, which the Compiler has 
laid under contribution, says : — *" In reviewing 
their History, and comparing their efforts to convert 
the wilderness into abodes adapted to civilized man, 
with those of other Patentees, we must allow that 
they displayed much liberality, judgment and effi- 
ciency. Even at the period of their greatest supine- 
ness, their lands were not more covered by squatters 
than others, and the charge of negligence attaches 
more to the individual proprietors, than to the cor- 
poration itself. Previous to the Revolution they had 

• Maine Hist. Col. vo\. II. ^. 'ia^, 'ia^. 


divided almost all their lands on the west Bide of 
Kennebec river, and all on the east side of the river, 
and within five miles of it, which were henceforth 
held in severalty. Of these more than a fourth were 
held by absentees, some of whom never returned to 
this country, and all of whom felt too little interest 
in their property here, to trouble themselves about 
its management. It \yas for a long time questioned 
whether these absentees had not forfeited their rights 
by forsaking their country in its time of greatest 
need, nor were their rights established till the form- 
ation of Jay's treaty in 1 794 ; and after that treaty, 
the absent proprietors were in no haste to dispose of 
their claims to American citizens. The claim of one 
of the' proprietors, embracing one twenty-fourth of 
the whole Patent, has lain, dormant almost to this 
time. The first grant to Florentius Vassal, styles 
him as of London, and a suit has recently been com- 
menced in the Court of the United States, for the 
recovery, of this very land. Only a very small 
fraction of the Patent was owned in Maine, and the 
Massachusetts proprietors became after the Revolu- 
tion almost as neglectful of their property here, as 
those who had left the country; those who did 
appoint agents paralyzed their efforts by the very 
restricted nature of the powers they were entrusted 
with. Let us not attribute then to the corporation 
the evils which principally arose from individuals, 
but remember that but for the exertions of the Com- 
pany at a time when single settlers could not have 
established themselves here, tlie planting of Kenne- 
bec must have been delayed at least the third of a 
century ; and it may not be extravagant to say that 
if the towns on the Kennebec had not been built, 
the interior country would not have been settled, and 
the population which now occupies the most impor- 
tant portion of the State, would have been scattered 
in other regions, and Maine wou\d scatceX^ ^^V>oaN^ 


acquired vigor to become independent of the parent 

Thus it will be seen, that although many attempts 
were made to settle our State^ now so flourishing, 
they failed repeatedly, for many years, mainly in 
consequence of the Indian wars ; and that to Dr. 
Sylvester Gardiner, with his great wealth and zeal 
and energy, and public spirit, belongs the credit of 
finally effecting the settlement of Pittston and Gard- 

This is not the place to record the entire history 
of the Purchase, but enough has been stated to show 
how the enterprise was carried on to success. 



It has been seen that a futile attempt was made 
to settle Maine, at Stage Island, in 1607, thirteen 
years before the feet of the Pilgrims were wet by 
the December spray of Plymouth. At intervals 
others essayed to plant colonies, or commence loca- 
tions, on the Kennebec. John Parker, a fishennan, 
bought Rasceagan in 1629, and removed thither in 
1630.* Nine years later, in 1639, Edward Batemaa 
and John Brown bought Neguascag,t of Mahotiwor- 
met, for one hogshead of corn, and thirty sound 
pumpkins, and commenced a settlement there. They 
did not remain long, however, for John Cole lived 
there in 1657, and James Smith in 1667. 

In 1650, Thomas Webber dwelt on the upper end 
of Raskeagan, which he and Parker sold to Clark 
and Lake, in 1658. Parker then lived on Arrowsic 
Island, near Squirrel Point. In 1649, John Richards 
lived on Arrowsic or Arrowscag Island. He sold all 
of the Island except Parker's 100 acres, in 1654. 
In 1658, a town was laid out on Arrowsic, in ten 
acre lots. A fort was erected at Stinson's Point, 
near Potter's mills, by a man named Hammond, in 
1660. Hammond also ventured to Ticonic falls^ 
where he had a trading house, as early as J661. 
Bath was bought of Robinhood, by Robert Gutch, 
Oct. 27, 1661. Until this time, the settlements had 

♦ Sewall's Sketch of Bath, Maine Hist. Col. \ \\v^^. 


Steadily progressed. In 1670, there were thirty 
families on Arrowsic and Parker's Islands, and twen- 
ty families below the chops on the west side of the 
river. On the breaking out of Philip's war, the 
Indians destroyed or drove them all away. Gen. 
Joseph Sewall, to whom we are indebted for these 
facts, says : * — " The whole Kennebec country was 
deserted by the whites, their forts, houses, and mills 
were burnt, their improvements destroyed, and the 
territory again left free for the roam of the savage, and 
the occupation of his game." It is not known that 
more than one penetrated as far north as Pittston, 
and established a residence there, as early as the 
commencement of King Philip's war. 

The first white settler within the limits of ancient 
Pittston, of whom we have any record, was Alex- 
ander Brown. Previous to the breaking out of the 
first, or King Philip's Indian war. Brown came, the 
pioneer of -all, and occupied the northern frontier. 
He must have begun about the year 1670. He' 
settled on the intervale, extending from Geo. W. 
Bedeirs to Jordan Stanford's, then and for a long 
time after, known by the aboriginal name of Ker- 
doormeorp, but subsequently called ** Brown's Farm." 
He worked several years there, cleared up a fine spot 
for tillage, and was probably engaged in procuring 
sturgeon for the London market. Philip's war broke 
out in 1675, but Brown would not desert his post. 
In 1676,t he was murdered by the Indians, his house 
was burned, and the entire white population below 
him was swept away. The place was abandoned, 
and we know not that it was occupied permanently, 
for eighty-four years. We find it impossible to avoid 
speculating on the consequences which would have 

* Maine Hwt. Coll. vol. 2. p. 193. 
t llistorr of KeuHcbc3 Purcliaic. 


resulted to this region, had the red flame of war not 
been kindled. Brown would have been followed by 
others, the Kennebec would have been populated 
nearly a century sooner, and the Pine Tree State 
would to-day be much larger than it is. 

Still, attempts were constantly beiiig made to settle 
the country, and they seemed destined to succeed 
when Noyes built his fort in 1716, but it was swept 
away by the Indians in 1726, as was the " fishing 
place," previously spoken of, as being a little above 
Nahumkeag Island. Who built or occupied this 
latter place is not known, but it is probable that those 
engaged in fishing found Brown's clearance, and 
placed a fishing house on his old foundation. It was 
not until about the beginning of the latter half of 
the eighteenth century that the line of civilization 
began to creep slowly northward. 

Capt. John North, assisted by Abram Wyman, in 
the year 1751, laid out the land in lots one mile 
wide on the river, and extending west five miles. 
They commenced at Richmond fort, and continued 
as far as Nahumkeag Island.* Wyman and others, 
cut mill-logs north of the first pond as early as 

On an old mapf dated 1754, the Kennebec is thus 
marked : Commencing at Waterville is printed " Ta- 
Connett FaHs," and opposite is the " Sebastoocook." 
On the stream are these words : " Port Halifax, 
built by the Government of the Massachusetts, 
1754." A little lower down on the eastern side 
of the river is a stream called Majorgomogusuck, 
on which is printed, " The proprietors granted this 
tract upon no other condition than settling sixty 
families thereon." Cushnoc is spelt Cushanna, and 
it is recorded that the region was given on con- 

♦ MSS. oi Dr. Sylvester Gardiner, in poaaeasvou ol 191. 'O.. C^w:^- 
iner, Esq, f Fmnd in the State Houses at BobXotv mA K.\x.^sva\».. 


dition of settling an hundred families in three years. 
This did not include Fort Western, but only as 
far south as the stream in Augusta. " Fort Western 
built By the Plymouth Company, 1754," is recorded 
below the stream, and it was given aa was the next 
tract above. Just opposite and extending down to 
the Cabbassa is another lot dehneated, with the same 
terms of settlement affixed. About opposite, a little 
below, is a stream called " Warromantogus," and 
a little below another, called " Negwamkick falls." 
Winthrop pond is drawn with twenty-one large 
islands. Opposite Swan Island on the east side is 
" Franckfort Fort, Built by the Plymouth Com- 
pany," and " Eastern River," which is declared to 
contain sixty-four people. 

Fort Western was 30 feet from the river, and was 
built by Messrs. Thos. Hancock, Sylvester Gardiner, 
James Bowdoin, William Bowdoin and Benjamin 
Hallo well, committee for the proprietors, and was 
built by them because the State agreed to erect Fort 
Halifax, for an outpost of defence. 

A few people were at Eastern river, (Dresden,) 
and a small population besides the garrisons arouiul 
Cushanna, Franckfort and Taconnet. 

At the time the forts were erected, the country 
presented an aspect of unbroken wilderness, from 
Swan Island to the Caiiadas. 

At this time Dr. Gardiner began to lay those 
plans, which, fostered by his zeal, resulted in the 
settlement of the region of ancient Pittston. In 
1754 the land comprising a part of Gardiner was 
granted to him. He was quite instrumental in other 
settlements, but it was not until about 1759 that he 
fairly embarked in his work, resolved to succeed. 
In that year he received a lot on Sheepscot River.* 

* AViscaasel Kccoids. 


la 1761 he received 3200 acres below the chops in 
Merry-meeting Bay, if he would settle a family there 
in one year, unless prevented by the Indians, and 
about the same time, he obtained other land in what 
is now Pitlston.* 

December 10, 1760, he received one of the " mile 
lots." It commenced twenty rods north of the Cob- 
bossee, and run west five miles, north one mile, east- 
south-east five miles, to the Kennebec, and down 
the Kennebec to the first bound, being a lot con- 
taining about 3200 acres. It was a condition of this 
bargain that a family should be settled in one year, 
unless an Indian war prevented, and that if any 
improvements had been made by settlers or others 
in the territory they were reserved. So well were 
his services received by the Company, that, Feb. 8, 
1764, the lot north of the Cabbassa-contee was deed- 
ed to him, for f" his great Trouble and Expense, in 
bringing forward settlements." The boimds were 
more definitely stated as commencing 20 poles north 
of Cobbossee, thence west-north-west until they strike 
the stream, thence south down the stream to the 
first Cobbossee pond, along the north end of the pond 
to the stream, and thence north-east to the Kennebec, 
and thence to the first bound, twenty poles north of 
the mouth of the stream. This lot was surveyed by 
John McKechnie in November, 1762. Dr. Gardiner 
had previously received a tract north of this, and 
joining it.J 

March 14, 1764, he received the south-west half 
of the 3200 acre lot, on the eastern side of the 
Kennebec, and Nov. 13, 1769, he received a lot 
from " Cobbossee great pond to the 10 mile lot," 
being most of the Gardiner Territory.<5> 

♦ Wiscasset Records. f Ibid. 

J Plymouth Company Uncords. \ Wi^ 


July 4, 1770, he received 2600 acres, extending 
from the Kennebec to Winthrop Pond, for which 
he paid £416, 13, 4. He continued to receive 
other lots until he possessed a large portion of Gardi- 
ner and Pittston, and much of the territory in other 
parts of old Kennebec. Cobbossee Tract extended 
from the neighborhood of Jordan Stanford's to the 
vicinity of the mouth of the stream. There has 
been a good deal of litigation concerning the north- 
ern boundary of this lot, the stream having, like the 
Mississippi, more than one mouth.* 

Those who wished settlers' lots made application 
to the Company or to some one of the proprietors 
with a petition like the subjoined : — 

** To the Proprietors of the Kennebec Purcliase from the late Colony 
of New-Plymouth. 

" Gentlemen : — I the Subscriber of .^— in, 

the County of , being desbrous of settling within your Pur- 
chase, pray you would make a Grant to me and* my Heirs of the 

Lot numbered containing Acres, situated in 

within your said Purchase. And I hereby engage for myself and 
Heirs that the Conditions of the said Grant shaU be performed, 
viz: — That a Dwelling-House shall ^ be built on the said Lot not 

less than feet square, that — '■ Acres of said Lot shall 

be cleared and made fit for Tillage within Years, from the 

Date of the Grant, and that I will dwell thereon personally during 

said years, if living, or in case of my Deatii, that my Heirs* 

or some Person under them, shall dwell on said Premises during 
said Term ; and for the term of Seven Years more, by myself or 
Substitute ; and as soon as said Grant shall be made out and ready 
to be delivered to me, I hereby promise to pay your Clerk for the 

Time being, shillings Lawful Money for his fee, and 

shillings Lawful Money towards dcfreying your Expenses for Sur- 
veying; and you'll oblige your Petitioner. Dated this Day 

of 17 ."t 

So desirous were the proprietors of procuring 
settlers, that a petition like the foregoing, usually 
secured a good farm, if near a mill-privilege, of 
five or ten acres, or, if further away, of one, two, or 
more hundred acres. The conditions varied from 

* Pijiflouth Company "Recoids. t Piiuled form of blank . 


five to ten shillings, and from three to ten years 

Soon after Dr. Gardiner commenced the labor of 
peopling this region, the settlement grew rapidly. 
He had drawn the attention of the public to his zeal 
and plans, and several enterprising men from diflfer- 
ent places consulted him in Boston. Those who 
pleased him most he eflfected an arrangement with, 
in the summer of 1760, and they made their prepar- 
ations to settle in what is now Gardiner. They 
gathered their families and eflfects, and proceeded to 
their rendezvous, which was Falmouth.* 

These persons, the first settlers of the territory 
that is now Gardiner, West Gardiner and Pittston, 
set sail from Falmouth in the fall of the year 1760, 
and proceeded to what was then called. Dr. Gardi- 
ner's estates at Cobbiseconte, or Gardinerstown. 
They were a Mr. Thomes, who was a builder of 
Grist-mills ; Benjamin Fitch, a saw-mill wright ; 
Jacob Loud, a house carpenter; James Winslow, 
a wheelwright ; and Ezra Davis, James and Henrt 
McCausland, and William PniLBROOK.f They ar- 
rived in safety, with the families of Winslow, Davis, 
Philbrook, and the McCauslands, and run their ves- 
sel into a wide creek, formed by the mouth of the 
stream, which was then navigable to the sites now 
occupied by the saw-mills, and there, on the northern 
bank of the stream, the craft lay all winter. James 
Winslow's wife, took her little daughter Sarah, then 
six years old, by the hand and went ashore, and 
they are the first two white females known to have 
set foot within the limits of Gardiner or Pittston.J 
They immediately threw up some log huts, and 
passed the winter in making preparations for the 

♦ Abiathar Tibbetts. Mrs. Jon. Winslo-w. 

t Mrs. Jon. Winslow, Mrs. Amos Lyon, JoYm. l^lmXAd^. X^MA* 



coming summen The McCausIands and Winslows 
occupied the same cottage, and on the 23d of 
March, 1761, Jonathan Winslow was born, the first 
white child native in ancient iPittston. The house 
stood exactly where now is the Widow Esmond's 

On the 27th of March, wishing to make an addi- 
tion to the cottage of Winslow, they were able to 
haul the logs on the crust, so cold and backward 
was the spring of that year.f 

When the season opened they erected a grist-mill 
at the end of the lower dam, and the old sills were 
found in a state of preservation when the last dam 
was built. The same workmen commenced build- 
ing a large mansion long known as the Great House. 
It was erected by Dr. Gardiner for an inn and stood 
where are now the Gardiner Hotel and Allen's 
block.;!; It was afterwards kept by James Stack- 
pole, Benjamin Shaw, Pwiyj Bow- 
man, Randall, Widow Longfellow, etc., and 

in 1815 it was taken by E. McLellan, who kept 
it until 1827, when he removed to the Cobbossee 
House. The Great House was occupied by stores 
and private families after this until it was takei: 
down.<5> The upper story was used for a place of 
public worship when the Episcopal church was 
burned by McCausland. II . 

The Cobbossee Grist-mill was known for several 
years among the northern settlers, and was resorted 
to from a great distance by them, even from Nor* 
ridgewock and Canaan, until the mill was finished 
at Sebasticook, and caused settlers to increase rapid- 
ly in this neighborhood. 

* Mrs. Jon. Winslow, Mrs. Aipos Lyon, John Plaisted. 

t Mrs. Lyon. :( John Plaisted, § E. McLellan, R. Gay. 


Of the foregoing settlers the following facts are 
known. Pitch took charge of the erection of the 
mill, built the Togus dam and mill, and worked at 
his trade all through the country. Aug. 3, 1768, 
he received a grant of five acres of lai\d, which he 
sold to Wm. Gardiner, May 14, 1770, receiving £7 
for his improvements. On the breaking out of the 
Revolution, he enlisted in the English Service, and 
was killed fighting for the king. He married Ann 
McCausland* and has no descendants here. 

Loud came from Weymouth with no design of 
settling. He was master carpenter on the Great 
House and Mill, and went back when they were 
finished Some thirty years after, he returned and 
settled in Pittston.f 

Thomes was a single man, who went back to 

Falmouth, and married Huston. He never 


James Winslow and his brothers, who lived in 
Portland, received a large tract of land from their 
father at Broad Bay, and removed there in 1752. 
His daughter Sarah was born there in 1754. They 
designed to remain, but the Indian troubles forced 
them back to Portland. Prom that | place James 
came to Cabbassa-contee JandJt)rought his wife and 
three clildren. He worked on* the mill until it was 
done and then obtained a fine spot of land which 
had been cleared by the Indians, 90 acres of which 
Dr. Gardiner conveyed to him as partial pay for his 
services. This land was the north-western lot in the 
present town of Pittston, and now includes the farms 

of Messrs. Amos Lyon and Leavitt. The 

family removed to that place in 1 763, and the deed 
is dated July 26, 1764, and was signed by Sylvester 
Gardiner, in presence of William Gardiner and Jno. 

» Mrs, Maratoiif'^Uia. Lyon, Abiatliai TVb\ie\to. Y^^j^ 


McKechnie, at Cobbisseeconte, before William Lith- 

Winslow went to Damariscotta and assisted on the 
mill at that place. While he was gone his wife and 
daughter raised their own crops. They took a bat- 
teau, and crossed the river repeatedly, and went to 
the Great House, where they obtained manure, with 
which they dressed their land for corn, and with their 
own hands they harvested forty bushels in the falLf 

James Winslow had been a dninmier in a fort at 
Portland, while a young man, but he became a con- 
vert to the principles of the Society of Friends, and 
as such, abhorred war and all its preparations. Yet 
it was found necessary to erect a blockhouse imme- 
diately, for defence against the Indians. This was 
done in 1763. It was a substantial, bullet-proof fort. 
It stood on the side of the hill, near the site of the 
Universalist church.J In the autumn of 1 765 there 
was an Indian alarm.^ Several of the settlers heard 
mysterious sounds in the night, as of footsteps, and 
the dogs were clamorous, and one was heard to cry 
out as if struck. The settlers became very much 
alarmed, and fled to the blockhouse. The Wins- 
lows, who then lived where Amos Lyon now dwells, 
fled across the river, and a Bullen family from Hallo- 
well, and others of the settlers, with them, until the 
settlement was entirely deserted, and thirty or forty 
families were congregated in the humble fort. Jona- 
than Winslow was then four years old. A little dark 
cloak was thrown around him, to make him the 
color of the ground, and he trotted along in the 
procession to the place of safety. They remained 
here several days. The next day all went out to- 
gether well armed, and harvested Winslow's crops, 

* Wiscasset Records. f John Plaisted. 

/ Mrs. JSUzabeth Lyon. { Ibid. 


and thus they worked, with their arms, and in com- 
pany, until the crops were all gathered. The alarm 
seemed to be false, and gradually the settlers resum- 
ed their homes again.* 

Mrs. James Winslowf was a very energetic woman, 
and was much relied on in cases of sickness. For 
many years she was almost the only midwife from 
Augusta to Bath, and doubtless was present at the 
birth of many hundreds of children. " Granny 
Winslow," was the only physican in whom the 
early settlers believed. 


[In the Genealogical sketches scattered through these pages, b. 
signifies bom; unm. unmarried; m. married; d. €Ued. The dates 
and facts are recorded as fisur as they could be ascertained. If some 
famijly accounts are more nearly complete chan others, it is because 
thej are recorded in the Town books, or because the descendants 
have taken an interest in the matter. The author would have 
been glad to have recorded all the dates in all of the families of the 
early settlers.] 

JAMES WINDOW,! b. in R. L 1724, m. Anna Huston, she 
b. 1734, he d. in Farmington, 1802, she d. 1824. Children, 2, 
who were iniants when he came, and who soon died of the rash. 

I. Sabah, b. Broad Bay, 1754, m. Ebenezer Church, who was 
b. 1742; and d. July, 1810, Children, 1, Charity, b. Aug. 7, 1770, 
m. Ichabod Plaisted. ^see Plaisted.) 2, Jona. b. 1772-3, m. Charity 
Daniels; is in Canada. 3, Williani, b. 1775, m. Surah Daniels 
and Elizabeth Daniels, moved to Ohio, and d. 1817. 4, Abigail, 
b. 1777, m. Nehemlah LitUefield, and «ioved to Ohio. 6, James, 
b. 1780, m. Hannah Trufaut, and Abiah Brooks; lost at sea, and 
ha.<9 descendants in Bath. 6, Anna, b. 1782, m. Paul Felker, and 
lives in Searsport. 7, John, b. 1784, m. Esther Richardson, and 
lives in Levant. 8 and 9, Silas and Sarah, b. June, 1786, he m. 
Sophia Blunt and Susan Bradford ; Sarah m. Ebenezer Rollins of 
Hallo weU. 10, Mary, b. 1788, m. Amos Morrill, and moved to 
Ohio. 11, Jacob, b. 1790, m. Lydia Thompson and moved to 
Georgia. 12, Stephen, b. 1792, m. Abigail Sandborn and d. in 
Ohio. 13, George, b. 1794, m. Betsey Piper. 

IL JoxATiLAN, b. March 23, 1761, (the first white child born 

♦ Mrs. Jonathan Winslow, Mrs. Elizabeth Lyon. ^ 

t John Plaisted. 

{Mrs. J^n. Winslow, Mrs. Aiaos Lyon, SUas Caux<^l\^ I\:l^« 
Plaisted, Geo» Church. 



in Fittston,) m. Hannah Tarbox, 1789, who wash. 1764»now 
living ; he d. Nov. 18, 1845. One child, Elizabeth, b. 1700, m. 
Amos Lyon. 

III. Cabpemteb, b. 1764, m. Betsey Colburn, and moyed to 
Pennsylyania. Chil. 1, Charles. 2, George. 3, Carpemter. 4, 
David. 5, Keuben. 6, CiQeb. 7, Joseph, and two others. Qeorge 
now lives in Maiden, Mass. 

IV. John, b. 1766, m. Sarah Baker and moved to New 

V. Betsey,* b. 1768, m. Rev. John Thompson. He was rep- 
resentative to Boston from Industry, and was in the State Senate 
in its first session in Portland. He d. 1820, and left children. 

VI. Anna, b. 1770, m. Eleazar Crowell, and moved to Ohio. 

VII. George, b. 1772, drowned while skating on the Kenne- 
bec in 1788. 

YIU. James, b. 1774, m. Betsey Willard, d. in Industry in 

Fourth Generation, 

Children of Elizabeth and Amos Lton. 1, George, b. 1807. 

2, Hannah, b. 1809, m. Luther Gordon. 3, Mary, b. 1812, d. 1834. 
4, William, b. 1815, m. Elizabeth Lowell. 5, James b. 1817, m. 
Hester A. Nichols. 6, Elizabeth, b. 1819, m. John Jones. 

Children of Silas Church. 1. George E. b. 1814, m. Eliza- 
beth Turner, of Kingston, Jamaica. 2, Clementine A. b. 1817, d. 
1834. 3, Meredith, b. 1820, unm. 4, Sarah A. b. 1822, unin. 5, 
Andrew, b. 1828, d. 1833. 6, Clementine Lucinda, b. 1837. 

Children of George Church. 1, Stephen, b. ^ugiist 30, 1818. 
m. Mary Baker. 2, Cyrus, b. June 30, 1820, m. Hannah Plaisted. 

3, George, b. May 3, 1822, m. Elizabeth Spraguc. 4, Lucy Ann b. 
Feb. 18, 1824, d. Oct. 15, 1^25. 5, Mary Elizabeth, b. Feb. 10, 
1826, m. Horace Bemis. 6, Sarah, b. March 12, 1828. 7, Lucy, b. 
March 26, 1830. 8, Charity, b. Jan. 9, 1833. 10, Eboiezer, b. July 
2, 1835. 11, Mary Ann, b. Jime 19, 1839, d. Feb. 4, 1847. 

Fifth Generation, 

Children of Luther Gordon. 1, Isabella, d. 2, Agnes, m. 
Actor Thompson. 3, George. 4, Mary. 5, Susan. 6, Winslow. 7, 
Emily. 8, Vesta. 9, Charlotte. 

Children of William Lyon. 1, Susanna. 2, George. 3, Augus- 
ta. 4, Helen. 5, Elizabeth. 

Children of James Lyon. 1, Otis, d. 2, William Henry. 8, 
Faustina. 4, Eulalia, d. 

Children of John Jones. 1, Helen. 

* Betsey Winslow, who m. Rev. J. Thompson, gave Industry 
its name. When the town was about being incorporated, Mr. 
Thompson said to his wife as he was leaving home, **• What shall 
we call the new town ?" " Name it for the character of the people," 
was the reply, « Call it Industry." He proposed the name, and it 
was accepted. 


So plenty was game at this time, that it was not 
at all difficult for the poorest family to obtain animal 
food enough. The woods were full of game, large 
and small, and the rivers teemed with alewives; 
shad, and the delicious salmon. Jonathan Winslow 
used to relate that he captured sixteen noble salmon, 
one Sunday morning before breakfast.* 

Ezra Davis,f made only a temporary halt at Cab- 
bassa, while at work on the Great House, but he 
removed to the Eastern River or Dresden, the same 
season, 1761. Here he was very unfortunate. 
The French had taught the Indians to murder Eng- 
lishmen wherever they could find them, and one 
day, probably about 1762, Davis heard his little boy 
Thaddeus, aged eight years, scream. Soon the 
terrible warwhoop came thrilling their hearts, and 
they knew that the Indians were upon them. He 
closed his doors as well as he could, and fortified 
his house. Before this was done the Indians fired 
and killed his mother-in-law, Mrs. Pomeroy, who 
was in bed, sick. Seven then rushed to the door, 
and endeavored to beat it down with their toma- 
hawks, but he fought so well that they retreated, 
carrying Thaddeus with them, who was never seen 
nor heard from afterwards. 

His son Ezra removed to the "Brown farm." 
He also lived in Pittston. In the following table are 
some of their descendants. 

EZRA DAVIS,t m. Pomeroy, and had several children. 

1, POLLY, m. Thorn. Berry. 

2, EZRA, Jr. m. Abigail ; chil. 

I. Henby, b. Aug. 9, 1778. 

II. John Smith, b. Dec. 8, 1781. 

m. Rhoda, b. Aug. 20, 1790 ; m. Benjamin Inman, 1811. 
IV. Enoch, b. April 11, 1794. He was killed accidentally 
at a shooting match. 

♦ Mrs. Jon. Winslow, Mrs. Amos Lyon. 

f Abiathar Tihhetta, \ Tcwu Hecoi^. 


Y. Sahah, b. March, 27, 1796. 
VI. Lbyi, b. Oct. 7, 1798. 
YII. Hannah Matilda, b. Ost. 10, 1805. 

The following years, 1761 and 1762, were very 
dry. Almost all vegetation was burned up, and the 
woods in all directions were on fire. There was no 
rain from June to the last of August. The winter 
of the latter year was very cold, and the sngw was 
very deep. 

Samuel Berry* of Bath, and James McCausland, 
cut timber on the shore of Cabbassa first pond, and 
hay at Brown's farm as early as 1761, under Dr. 
Gardiner. McCausland leased some fresh meadow 
of Dr. Gardiner in 1760. 

William Philbrook received lots No. 3, and 33,t 
containing eighteen acres. The deed was dated 
Dec. 1, 1765.J He owned 250 acres on the Cat- 
hance which he conveyed to his son Jonathan Phil- 
brook in 1768. He was drowned in the Penobscot. 
His lot was situated adjoining* the land of Daniel 
Tibbetts, and David Philbrook. His wife's name 
was Mary.'^ 

David Philbrook,]] a son of William, received lot 
No. 34, which he reconveyed to Dr. Gardiner, Oct, 
23, 1772, for £5. He married Hannah Crosby. 

Jonathan,V another son, came from Cathance 
after a few years. 

Henry McCausland and James McCausland were 
from Ireland, and had been several years in America. 
They were brothers, and received two settlers' lots, 
comprising a part of the present village in Gardiner, 
and extending from the river back of the residences 
of Messrs. Evans, Kimball, etc.** James McCausland 

♦ Dr. Gardiner's MSS. 

t These numbers are firom McKeclinie's plan, dated 1763. 

t Wiscasset Becords. § Ibid. {| Ibid. 

i Abiathar Tibbetts. *♦ Mrs. Lyon. 


was drowned quite early, and those who bear the 
name now are mostly descendants of Henry.* 

June 13, 1764, Henry McCausland received two 
lots on the eastern side of the river, containing 250 
acres. This he sold to Benjamin Fitch, July 9, 
1765.f He procured other land, and his descendants 
are numerous in this vicinity. 

It is saidj that the McCauslands originally receiv- 
ed the soil occupied by the centre of the village, but 
that Dr. Gardiner, who foresaw what the place would 
probably become, persuaded them to remove across 
the stream, where they lived for many years, on a 
larger, though less valuable tract than they at first 

HENRY McCAUSLAND, b. Ireland, m. Elizabeth Wyman. Clul. 

I. RoBEBT, m. Town, 2d wife^ Sally Door, and settled 

in "Winslow. 

n. Ann, m. Benjamin Pitch, and liyed near the northern 
■hare of the stream several years, 
m. 'Cathasinb, m. David Fhilbrook*^ 
rV. Sally, m. Ithiel Gordon. 

V. Jane, m. Sylvester. 

YI. Gabdinbb, m. Folly Dougla&s. 
Vn. Polly. 
VJLlI. Henby, m. Abiel Stackpole, 1783. Children, 1, Jno. b. 

Nov. 19, 1784, m. Jane Connor. 2d wife, Dill. 2, Hannah, b. 

Feb, 3, 1789, m. Benj. Marston. 3, Henry, b. Dec. 31, 1789, d. at 

sea, imm. 4, James, b. April 22, 1791, m. Rebecca . 5, Andrew, 

b. June 13, 1793, m. Mary Bates. 

TX. Andrew, m. Keziah Berry. Chil. 1, Nathaniel, d. nnpi. 2, 
Lydia, d. iinm. 3, Mary. m. Jno. Murray. 4, Montgomery, m. 
Hannah Woodbury, and Sarah Colcord. 5, Alexander, m. Sarah 
Nash. 6, Benjamin, m. Temperance Gliddcn. 7, John, m. Deliver- 
ance Nash. 8, Tristam, m. Deborah Nash. Andrew and 'Martha 
died yoimg. 

Fourth Generation, 

Children of James and Rebecca. 1 and 2, Emeline and Robert 
L. b. April 8, 1809. 3, Adaline, b. March 16, 1811. 4. Sarah, b. 
Aug. 28, 1813. 

Children of Andrew and Maby. 1, WUlam Henry, b. Dec. 27, 

* Mrs. Hannah Marston. f Wiscasset Records. 

X Abiathar Tibbetts. 


1816. 2, Andrew B. b, Nov. 16, 1818. 3, Charles Wedey, b. Nor. 
26, 1820. 4, Hester Ann, b. Sept. 2o, 1823. 5. Manr Bates, b. May 
9, 1825. 6, SaUy Stetson, b. Jan. 23, 1827. 7, CatWine Bates, b. 
April 27, 1829. 

Jambs McCausland had a son Jaxes, b. 1750, m. Marj Beirj, 
d. March 11, 1826. ChiL 1, Mary, m. David Clarke and John 
Johnson. 2, Olive, m. Ephraim Goodwin. 3, Jeremiah, m. Olive 
Cram. 4, Charles, m. Sarah Lord. 5, Sarah, m. Ezekiel Robin- 
son. 6, Thomas, m. Rhoda Brand. Thomas and Mercy died un- 

The relative prices at that day were different from 
those at the present time. Land was sold for a mere 
song, but paper was 8 cents a sheet ; boards ^5 a 
thousand; corn $5 a bushel; shoes $15 a pair; 
butter $1,33 cents a pound, and other articles in pro* 

The most of these early settlers were men of in- 
dustry and integrity, but the great evil of social life 
in New England was fastened upon them, and de- 
scended in a great degree to their posterity. When 
corn was scarce, and provisions expensive, it was 
always found necessary to have rum in the house at 
any price, and this fact explains many a sudden 
death, and the passing away of many a farm and 
house. Intemperance was the baneful curse of the 
first settlers of Kennebec. 

The following year, 1761, four brothers and their 
four sisters removed from Dunstable to the eastern 
side of the river and settled in what is now some- 
times called Coburntown. Their names were Jere- 
miah, Reuben, Oliver, Benjamin, Lucy, Sarah 
Elizabeth, Hannah and Rachel Colburn. Lucy 
m. Dr. Zachariah Flitner ; Sarah Elizabeth m. Maj. 
Henry Smith ; Hannah m. Josiah French of Win- 
throp, and Rachel m. Thomas Jackson. Jeremiah 
soon removed to Orono, and his daughters were the ^ 
first white Americans who inhabited that place. 

November 9, 1763, Reuben Colburn* received 250 

* Wiscassct Kecordfl. 


acres on the eastern side of the river. The condi- 
tions specified were substantially the same as those 
attached to the other settlers' lots. He was required 
to build a house 20 feet square, and 7 feet stud ; 
was to reduce 3 acres to tillage in 3 years ; he or 
his heirs were to occupy the land 10 years, and 
work two days each year on the ministerial lot. 
January 1, 1773, he bought a lot five miles by one 
half a mile, of James Bowdoin, excepting one lot 
of 100 acres, granted to John Shanny. Maj. Colbum 
built some of the first vessels on the Kennebec, and 
took an active part in the Revolution. See Indian 
Sketch. His location was near Agry's point. 
. Jeremiah Colburn* had 800 acres on the Elastem 
river at one time. 

REUBEN COLBURN,tm. Elizabeth Lewis. ChUdren, 
L Elizabbth, b. May 29, 1767 or 8, m. Carpenter Wins- 
low. (See Winslow.) 

n. Reubbn, b. Aug. 27, 1770 ; d. June 19, 1795. 
in. David, b. March 28, 1773 ; m. Hannah Avery. Children^ 
1, Reuben, m. Lydia Smith. 2, John, d. unm. 3, Mary Ann, m. 
Moses Jewett. 4, Abiah, m. Amo& Cutts. 5, Hannah, m. Seth 
Hathome of Richmond, d. 6, David, d. 7, Gustavus, unm. 8, 
Elizabeth, m. David Lawrence, he d. 

IV. Abigail, b. Feb. 27, 1775 ; m. John Smith. (See Smith.) 
V. Abiah, b. March 15, 1777 ; m. Caleb Smyth, 1796, both d. 
Children, 6. 1. William, is professor in Bowdoin College. 2, Mary, 
m. Stephen Young, d. 3, EUza, m. in the west. 4, Charles m. and 
now lives in Roxbury. 5, Margaret, m. John Kendall. 6, Lydia. 
YI. Ebenezeb, b. Oct. 25, 1779, d. 

VIL Sabah, b. May 8, 1782, m. David Young. Children, 7. 
Vin. Olive, b. Nov. 20, 1784, m. John Colburn, 1817. (See 
Oliver Colbiim.) 

IX. Martha, b. July 12, 1787, m. Isaac Noyes, Children, 4, 
lives in HalloweU. 

X. Lydia, b. Aug. 13, 1791, m. Noah Loud. She d. in Au- 
gusta Hospital ; he d. One son, Warren, is now in California, m. 
Harriet Bailey of N. H. 

> OLIVER, b. 1744, m. Margaret Burns, she b. 1743, he d. Jan. 
10, 1788; shed. Sept. 19, 1812. Children: 

* Abiathar Tibbetts. Wiscasset Records. 

t Town Rec. Thomas Jackson. Widow Colbum. 


L Rachel, m. Wm. Hatch, of Berwick. 4 children. 
II. Hanxah, m. Joseph Rollins of N. H., 6 chil. She liTet 
in East Pittston. 

ni. Rebecca, m. Robert Murray of New Castle. 6 children. 

IV. Oliver, b. March 20, 1774, m. Hannah Smith, she b. Oct. 
26, 1782, he d. Jan. 1835. ChiL 1, Lavinia, b. Ang. 8, 1802. d. 
1822. 2. H. Octayia, b. 1805, m. Joseph Follansbee. 3, Sarah E. 
b. Sept. 25, 1807. 4, Emeline, b. Jan. 1810, d. 1811. 5, Emeline, b. 
Sept. 28, 1812, m. Wm. P. Basford. 6, Oliver,* m. Selecta Rollins. 
7, Cordelia. 8, Abbott.* 9, Joseph H. m. Margaret Soper. 10» 
Samuel S. 11, Henry. 

y. Sailah, m. Thomas Cutts, of Industry. 8 children. 

yi. Maby, m. Aaron Young of Bangor. 8 children. 
Vll. John, m. Olive Smith. Chil. 1, John m. Susan Spring- 
er. 2, Franklin m. Sarah R. Smith. 3, Olive, m. James Cutts. 

4, Hiram, m. Clementina Smith. 5, Charles m. . 6, Alfred 

m. Southwick. 7, Maria m. Carlton Houdlette. 8, George, unm. 

YIII. William, b. 1785, m. Martha Blanchard 1808, live in 
Richmond. Children, 1, Martha, b. 1809, m. EHsha Stover of 
HarpswelL 2, Margaret, b. 1811, m. George Prentis, 2d hush. Wm. 
Bampton, of Hingham, Mass. 3, Oliver, b. 1813, m. Mary Jane 
Gall. 4, Ardria, b. 1815, m. Joseph Fowler of Pittston, 2d husb. 
Charles Swett of Richmond. 5, Wm. d. at sea. b. 1818. 6, Silas, b. 
1821, m. Harriet A. Gaubeart. 7, Lavinia, b, 1823, m. Hiram G. 

Call. 8, Lydia, b. 1826, m. Sylvester. 9, Charles, b. 1829, 

m. Charlotte Holbrooke of Richmond. 10, Joseph, b. 1832. 

BENJAMIN COLBURN, m. Joanna Tibbetts ; 2d wife, ; 

he d. April 18, 1814. Children ; 

I. Jebemiah, d. unm. 

TL, Reuhbn, (I. unm. 

HI. Deborah, m. Nath'l Bailey. (See Bailey.) 

IV. Hannah, m. Stephen Mason, large family. 

V. Fanny, m. Reed, and settled in Bangor, had chil. 

YI. Habbiet, m. Carlton Blair, children. 

Vn. Betsey, m. Caleb Wilson ; d. 

VIII, Cathabine, m. Wilson. 2d hus. Samuel Scarls.' 

IX. Ruby, m ; d. 

X. Sally, m. Marsh of Orono. 

XI. Joseph, m. Mary Eldridge. 

Xn. Benjamin, m. Brown, d. May 1, 1814. 

XTTT. Geobge, m. Crowell ; 2d wife, Ham, of Bath. 

Nathaniel Baileyf came in the year 1762 and 
received 200 acres in the " 3200 acre lot," on the 
eastern side of the river in June, 1763, of the Ken- 

* Lost at sea, Feb. 22, 1844. 

t Town Records, Capt. Joshua D. Warren, Capt. David Bailey. 


nebec Proiwietors. It was in the south-western part 
of the town. 

NATHANIEL BAILEY,* b. 1743 ; m. Sarah Goodwin ; d. April 
21, 1832 ; Bhe d. Dec. 1830. Children, 

L Elizabeth, b. January 3, 1770; d. July 30, 1790. 

XL Nathaniel, b. Oct. 7, 1771; m. Deborah Colbum, 1795 ; 
she d. March, 1851. Children, 1, Samuel Q., b. March 29, 1796; 
m. Eliza Thomas. 2, Betsey, b. January 3, 1798 ; m. William 
Brown. 3« Clementine, b. Feb. 9, 1800 ; m. Gideon Barker. 4, 
Nathaniel, b. March 23, 1802 ; m. Mary A. Steams. 5, Benja- 
min,t b. April 12, 1804 ; m. Eliza Jackson; d. May 10, 1829. 6, 
Lydia W., b. Oct. 31, 1806 ; m. Abner Jackson. t 7, James Y.,t 
b. Jan. 18, 1809 ; m. Eliza (Jackson) Bailey. 8, Joseph,t b. July 
28, 1811 ; m. Louisa Alexander. 

IIL DAViD,t b. Dec. 3, 1773 ; m. Mary Smith, 1796. Chil- 
dren, 1, James,t b. Oct. 3, 1797 ; m. Mary Smith. 2, Sarah, b. 
Aug. 1, 1799 ; m. Henry Mellus.t 3, Pamela, b. Aug. 31, 1800 ; 
m. Henry Dearborn. 4, Mary, b. January 6, 1803 ; m. EUphalet 
Rollins.t 5, Dayid,t ^' ^pn^ ^0, 1805 ; d. October 7, 1851. 6, 
Hannah, m. Joshua D. Warren.t 7 Henry,t m. Mary J. Watson. 
8, Caroline, m. Albert Marwick.t 9, WilUam, m. Mary A. Good- 

IV. Samuel G.,t b. June 25, 1775; d. 1826-7; m. widow 
Sarah Mason ; settled in New York. 

V. Thomas, b. May 2, 1777 ; d. July 26, 1800. 

YI. Abigail G., b. June 27, 1779 ; m. James Smith, 1799. 

Yn. Sabah, b. Oct. 22, 1781; m. Nathaniel Hall, 1803; he 

was a school teacher, she m. a Johnson and now lives in Dresden. 

Yin. Jacob, b. May 31, 1783 ; m. Eliza Barker, 1810. Chil., 

1, Lydia, \mm. 2, Jane, unm. 3, Thomas, d. 4, Charles, unm. 

5, Alethea, m. Myers, of Bath. 6, George. 

IX. Maby, b. March 23, 1786; m. Stephen Twycross,t of 

Dresden. Chil. 1, Mary, m. Goodwin. 2, Stephen, unm. 

3, Sarah, unm. 4, Martha, unm. 5, Thomas, m. 

X. Lydia H., b. Feb. 27, 1788 ; d. 1834 ; m. Benjamin Web- 
ber, 1805. Chil., 1, Pamela, m. Jackson. 2, Lavina, unm. 

3, Benjamin, m. 

In 1762, came Solomon Tibbetts,'§> who was born 
in Lebanon, N. H. Availing himself of the offer 
made by Dr. Gardiner, he removed to Gardinerston 
in 1762, with nine children. His wife's maiden 

* Town Records. Capt. Joshua D. Warren. Capt. David Bailey. 

t Masters of Vessels. 

:{ d. at San Juan, a very distinguished sea captain. 

I Abiathar Tibbetts. 



name was Elizabeth Spearing. Edward and Abia^ 
thar were born after their arrival here ; the latter in 
1767. He is still living in Litchfield at the advanc- 
ed age of 84 years, and is in the full possession of 
his faculties. The compiler of these pages was 
under many obligations to him for facts anecdotes 
and dates connected with the early history of the town. 

The family settled on two lots, Nos. 36, and 6, con- 
taining 18 acres, on the Plaisted Hill. The deed 
was dated September 18, 1766. This was sold to 
Henry Smith. This land joined Benaiah Door's and 
Paul Kenny's. He removed to the shore of the 
Cabbassa pond in Litchfield, in 1774. Abiathar 
was born on PlaistedHill, and was one of the first 
children born in this town. 

Daniel Tibbetts* received lots 2 and 32, Sept. 19, 
1766, but he removed to the pond when the family 
went. James afterwards received one hundred acres 
there. This land was leased in 1784 by Daniel, of 
Wm. Gardiner and Thomas Carter, for one year, for 
six bushels of potatoes, delivered at the New Mills.! 

Ebenezer Tibbetts, a brother of Solomon, received 
lots No. 12 and 13, in 1766, adjoining Henry Bick- 
ford's ; but he soon returned to Lebanon. 

SOLOMON TIBBETTS, b. Lebanon, 1710 ; d, 1780; m. Eliza« 
beth Spearing. Children, 1, Solomon. 2, Joseph. 3, James. 4^ 
Daniel. 5, Theodore. 6, Edward. 7, Abiathar. 8, Elizabeth, 
m. Henry Kenney. 9, Lydia, m. Nathaniel Denbow. 10, Abi- 
gail, m. Pelatiah Warren, ll, Joanna, m. Benjamin Colbum. 
12. Susan, m. James P. Evans. 

Solomon and Joseph never came here, but all the others did. 

David m. Fanny Fhilbrook. 

The growth of timber in this valley was of the 
very finest description.^ White Oaks and Pines of 
gigantic dimensions extended their unbroken shade 

* Abiathar Tibbetts. t Lease in possession of H. H. Gardi- 
ner, Esq. % Abiathar Tibbetts. 


as far as the foot could wander, and the moose and 
deer and all other wild game indigenous to this clime, 
were in the greatest abundance, until after the period 
of the Revolution. It was among the most common 
sights to see two or three moose, crossing the stream 
or some one of the ponds at the same moment. 
Abiathar Tibbetts, whose memory runs back to the 
time when these natural parks occupied the soil, 
exclaimed, " Oh the country was then most flourish- 
ing. And now, what a desolation it is !" On one 
occasion Gen. Dearborn who had often passed a fine 
oak on the banks of the Kennebec, got out of his 
canoe and measured it. It was 18^ feet in circum- 

Benaiah Doorf of Lebanon, N. H., was among the 
first settlers who arrived here. He came soon after 
Tibbetts, in 1763 or 4. He received an eight and a 
ten acre lot on Plaisted Hill, and having complied 
with the terms imposed by Dr. Gardiner, as had Mr. 
Tibbetts, Dr. Gardiner gave each a deed. They 
were deposited for safe keeping in a trunk in Mr. 
Door's house, which took fire and they were con- 
sumed. No immediate steps were taken to mend the 
loss, and as the deeds were not recorded, both settlers 
lost their land. 

Daniel Door in Pittston is a descendant of Daniel. 
It is not known that any other descendant of the 
name resides in eithfer town. His lots were No. 35 
and No. 1. Lot No. 1, he sold to Wm. Everson, 
" schoolmaster," July 16, 1766, and he conveyed the 
rest to Dr. Gardiner in 1770. 

BENAIAH DOOR,! had children. 
I. John. 
II. James. 
III. Henky, m. Abigail Weeks. 

♦ Abiathar Tibbetts. f lb. J Town Records. 


rv. Benaiah. 
V. Allen. 
YI. Daniel, m. Jane Arren, 1793. Children, 1, Elisabeth, 
b. July 3, 1794. 2, Irena, b. Dec. 6, 1796. 8, Jane, b. Dec. 30* 
1798. 4, John, b. Jan. 10, 1800. 5, Daniel, b. May 3, 1803. 6, 
Nancy, b. Sept. 26, 1805. 7, Barzillai, b. May 12, 1808. 8, Dolly, 
b. Sept. 11, 1810. 9, Ichabod, b. May 5, 1813. 10, Eonice, b. 
Dec. 16r 1815. 11, Delia, b. April 4, 1818, m. 12, William Andrew, 
b. Dec. 10, 1820. 13, Frances Ann, b. Dec. 25, 1823 ; d. March 
10, 1827. 

Vn. Sally, m. Robert McCanaland. 
VIII. David, m. Betsey Arven, 1799. 
IX. Maby, m. Henry Fitch, 1798. 
X. Frances, m. 
XI. Benjamin. 

In 1764* the Lords of Trade ordered the census 
of Maine to be taken, and out of 24000 people in 
Maine, only two hundred were in Cabbassa and 
Cushnoc. They increased rapidly, however, until 
the Revolution broke out, so that in 1771, Hallowell, 
Vassalboro', Winslow and Winthrop were incorpor« 
ated. This increase was mainly through the exer- 
tions of J. Pitts. B. Hallowell and Dr. Gardiner.f 

John Hancock,:|: was here at one time, soon after 
the first mill was built, and never having seen a saw- 
mill, he entered where Solomon Tibbetts was at 
work, and witnessed the operation. Young Abiathar 
was astonished to see His Excellency give his father 
a dollar for the pleasure the latter had imparted. 

Henry Smith settled in Pittston in 1764. Sept. 
23, 1765, he received a deed of five acres of land 
on the west side. Aug. 5, 17t2, he procured 100 
acres of land on the eastern side of the river, for 
which he paid Dr. Gardiner £66, 13s. 4d. The 
next year he received 60 acres in addition. Maj. 
Smith was born in Germany in 1738, and came to 
America while yet a lad. He served as a continen- 
tal soldier during the French war, and was at Ticon- 

♦ Williamson. f Hist. Ken. Purchase. 

/ Abiathar Tibbetts. 


deroga, and saw Lord Howe fall, and was at Quebec 
under Wolfe. He was the landlord in Pittston for 
many years.* 

HENRY SMITH,t b. Sept. 29, 1738 ; came to America, 1747 ; 
to Pittoton, 1764 ; d. Dec. 12, 1827 ; Sarah E. Colbum, his wife, d. 
April 11, 1821. Children. 

I. Hbnby, b. Nov. 17, 1767 ; m. Sally WLUiams, 1794 ; d. 
July 20, 1820. Chil. 1, John, d. irnrn. 2, Henry, d. iinm. 3, 
Jeremiah, d. irnm. 4. Kobert, m. Ann Foss. 5, Sarah, m. Daniel 
Hasty. 6, William, m. PriscUla Clarke. 7, Gilbert, b. April 6, 
1807 ; d. imm. 8, Hiram, b. Nov. 15, 1808 ; d. at sea. 9, Cath- 
arine, b. Feb. 10, 1811 ; iinm. 10, Marian, b. Aug. 28, 1813 ; m. 
Wm. Watson. 11, Susan, m. Daniel Wingate. 12, Esther, m. 

Briggs, ^ 

n. John, b. Sept. 17, 1769 ; m. Abigail Colbum. Children, 
1, Betsey, b. March 28, 1796 ; m. Francis Hall. 2, John, b. Dec. 

6, 1798 ; d. 3. Evelina, b. April 19, 1799 ; m. John Soper ; 10 ch. 
4, OHve, b. Nov. 1, 1803 ; m. John RoUins ; 7 ch. 5, John, b. 
April 14, 1805 ; m. Mary Stacy. 6, Martha, m. Caleb Duell ; 4 ch. 

7, Abigail, m. Charles Bradstreet; 7 ch. 8, Sarah, m. Franklin 
Colbum; 6 ch. 9, WUliam, m. A. G. Doyle. 10, George, m. 
H. E. Nye. 

ni. Sally, b. Jan. 2, 1772 ; m. Nathaniel Kimball. Chil., 
1, Henry, m. Ann Duganne. 2, Hannah, m. Alexander S. Chad- 
wick. 3, Nathaniel, m. Julia Stone. 4, Abigail, m. Coffin. 

6, Bartholomew, d. at sea. 6, Cordelia, m. George Cooke. 

IV & v. James and Jeremiah, b. March 3, 1774. James m. 
Abigail Bailey. Children, 1, Thomas B., b. Sept. 12, 1800 ; m. 
Elizabeth Brown ; 1 child, d. 2, Amanda Malvina, b. Nov. 3, 1802 ; 
m. Trueworthy Rollins ; 9 ch. 3, James Parker, b. Marcji 22, 
1804 ; m. Laura Joy, 1 ch. 4, Lydia Caroline, b. Dec. 3, 1805 ; 
m. Reuben Colbum ; 2 ch. 5, Mary A., m. Pierce Burt ; 17 ch. 
6, Sarah, unm. Jeremlih, m. Elizabeth Adams. Children, 1, 
Mary, m. James Bailey. 2, Franklin, m. Letltia McLellan. 3, 
Samuel, m. Lydia Still ; 5 ch. 4, Abigail, m. Ebenezer Richard- 
son ; 4 ch. 5, Clementine, m. Hiram Colbum ; 2 ch. 

VL Betsey, b. April 26, 1776 ; m. Joseph Follansbe. 
Vn. Molly, b. Dec. 28, 1777 ; m. David Bailey. (See Bailey.) 

Vin. Rachel, b. July 15, 1780 ; m. Caleb Stevens. Children, 
1, William, m. Caroline Bradstreet. 2, Hannah, m. William 

Bartlett. 3, Julia, m. Mains. 4, Hiram, d. unm. 5, John, 

unm. 6, (*aleb, m. Julia Clapp. 7, Franklin, \mm. 8, George, 
m. Leonora Bailey. 9, Henry, unm. 

IX. Hannah, m. Oliver Colbum. (See Colbum.) 

* Wis. Records, Gardiner Litelligencer, t Town Records^ I\ia. 
Smith, Elijah Jackson, • 


Fourth Generation, 

Children of Alexaxdek S. and Hankah Chad-wxcs. 1, Ed- 
mund A., unm. 2, Sarah E., unm. 3, Nathaniel K., m. Mw rt^ # 
Chadwell. 4, Hemy K., unm. 5, Grilbert, unm. 6, Anna Maria U. 

Children of George Henrt and Coi&deua Cookb. 1, Oeorge 
Henry. 2, Lorenzo Draper. 

Children of Henbt and Asnx Kimball. 1, Mary Aunt x^ 
James Molineaux. 2, Sally, m. Aognstua Barrows. 

Children of Nathaniel Kimball. (See Stone.) 

John Denny* received a five acre lot, (No. 5,) 
August 1, 1764. We know no more of him. 

James Flaggf received 100 acres on the eastern 
side of the river, July 26, 1764. It adjoined Joseph 
Glidden's. . He afterwards bought a small lot on the 
western side, and his house stood near the foot of 
Vine street. 

The same dayj Joseph Glidden received a lot on 
the eastern side of the Kennebec. He had previous- 
ly, Nov. 25, 1763, received a five acre lot on the 
western side. 

Martin HaleyJ^ bought 100 acres in 1763. It was 
the first lot in what is now the south-western corner 
of Pittston. Ho paid £40. On this land he raised 
the first English hay ever cut in Old Pittston. || 
His son Martin married Jemima Jennison and Nath'l 
m. Jenny Jennison. Martin d. April 27, 1832. 

Samuel Berryll and Nathaniel Berry, and a deaf 
and dumb brother named Benjamin, came from West 
Bath in 1763. Samuel received an eight acre lot, 
(No. 5,) on " Plaisted Hill," and his house was near 
the first dam on the Cabbassa-contee. The terms on 
which his land was obtained, were, that it should be 
well fenced, have a good house, and that the grantee 
should dwell thereon seven years, clear up three 
acres, and work on the highway and ministerial lot 
certain days each year, and that he should not sell it 

♦ "Wiscaaset Rec. f Ibid. J Ibid. § Ibid. 

// Geo. Wiiliamson, Esq. ^ ."WiBcaBftCt 'R.ea. 


until the Plantation of Gardinerston contained 60 
families. Berry bought out James McCausland ia 

Nathaniel, a mariner, at one time owned 100 acres 
in Hallowell, which he sold to Samuel Norcross. 
He settled permanently in Gardiner, and his descend- 
ants are very numerous * 

Capt. Berry was a great hunter, and a man of 
great bodily strength and agility. On one occasion 
he was chasing a moose, on snow shoes, and his 
companions had the curiosity to measure his leaps, 
and it was found that he hsui leaped seven feet be- 
tween the shoes, time after time. 

LIEUT. SAMUEL BERRY,! b. Aug. 10, 1737 ; m. Sarah Thorn ; 
she b. Oct. 14, 1739. Children, 

L David, b. Nov. 22, 1759 ; m. Mary Bradstrcet ; she d, 

1827; children, 1, PoUy, b. March 23, 1782, m. Webster. 2, 

Arthur, b. Nov. 5, 1783, m. Harriet Stackpole, 2d wife, Elizabeth 
Grant, 3d, Mary Taylor. 3, Rachel, b. April 7, 1785, m. Pol- 
lard, 2d hua. Wall. 4, Patty, b. July 10, 1793, d. unm. 5, 

Harriet, b. Dec. 1795, d. unm. 6, Andrew Bradstreet, b. January, 
1798, d. unm. ; 7, Amasa, d. unm. 

n. Thomas, b. Aug. 23, 1763 ; m. Polly Davis, 2d wife, Mary 
Hanscom. Children, 1, Samuel, unm. ; 2, Joseph, m. Betsey Tabor. 
3, Keziah, m. Samuel Fall. 4, David, unm. 

ni. Lydia, b. Aug. 22, 1765, m. Nathaniel Berry. (See N. 

rV. Mabtha, b. July 10, 1767, m. 

Y. Lucy, b. March 22, 1769 ; m. Joseph Lambert of Mill Cove, 

Fo urth Generation, 

Children of Capt. Abthub Beb&y, 1, Arthur. 2, Julia, m. J. 
Macy of New York. * 

CAPT. NATHANIEL BERRY, m. Mary Mitchell. Children, 
L Nathaniel, (See sketch of Lieut. N. Berry.) b. 1755, m. 
Lydia Berry, d. Aug. 20, 1850. Children, 1, Rhoda, m. Ichabod 
Wentworth. 2, Jolm, b. Feb. 17, 1783, m. Elizabeth Robinson, 
Nov. 8, 1804 ; she b. Oct. 26, 1784. 3, Josiah, unm. 4, Deborah, 
m. Abram Lord; 2d hus. Pardon Grey; children. 5, Sally, m. 
Leonard Blanchard ; 3 children. 

n. EIeziah, m. Andrew McCausland. (See McCausland.) 

♦ WUetisaet Records, 
t Mrs. LucyAUard, Jno. Berry, Jr., Ait\iut^^Tt^,l£»^OL- 


m. Mabt, m. James ^cCansland. (See McC«iul«iid.) 
IV. Jonathan, m. Miriam Fitch and TTRnw^li Banneu. CSiil- 
dren, 1st \iife, 1, Lucy, m. John HatchinBon. 2d wife, 2, Rliod«t 
m. John Blodgett. 3, Caroline, m. Lewis GowelL 4, Emily, nnin- ; 

5, Cynthia, unm. 6, Lucinda, m. Albert NewelL 7, William, m. 
Adelaide . 

v. Betset, b. 1773, m. James Douglass. Childxen, 1, ICazthtt 
m. John Goodwill and Joshua Howard. 2, Betsey^ m» Moses 
Woodbury. 3, Tratia, unm. 4, Alex. Clark, d. imm. 

VI. Andkew, b. 1774, m. Margaret Robinson. Childien, 1, 
Otis, m. Hannah Gordon. 2, Matilda, m. John ColUns. 3, Sumner, 
m. Drusilla Webber. 4, Catharine, imm. 5, Octayia, m. William 
Buker. 6, Sophronia, m. Isaac Landers. 7, Orrigtonn, unm. 8, 
Eliza, m. Henry McCausland. 9, Daniel, unm. 10, John Andrew, m. 
Lydia A. Howard. 4 died young. 

YII. Lucy, b, 1776, m. Samuel Allard, who d. 1812. Children, 
1, Cynthia, unm. 2, Jonathan, m. Thoodosia GowelL 3, Melinda, 
m. John Allett. 4, VVm. Henry, imm. 5, Greenleaf Cilley, unm. 

6, Joanna, m. Joseph Foy, 1 died young. 

Fo urth Generation . 

Childien of John and Elizabeth Bebky. 1, William H. b, Sept. 
18, 180o, m. in N. J. and had children. 2, Albert, b. Feb. 12, 1808. 
m. Hannah Johnson, Hallowell. 3, Elbridge, b. July 23, 1811, m. 
Angeline Cary, March 22, 1836. she b. Feb. 4, 1812. 4, John, Jr., 
b. Oct 2G, 1814. m. Mary Norris, Sept. 25, 1839. she b. April 26, 
1815. 5, Mary J. b. March 24, 1818, m. Hiram Smith, July 29, 
1844. 6, Arthur, b. Jan. 8, 1820, m. Nancy Jewell, Nov. 17, 1842. 
she b. Jan. 15, 1819. 7, Harriet, b. Juno 20, 1823, d. August 13, 

Children of Ichabod Wentworth and Rhoda. 1, Betsey, m. G«o. 

Cox. 2, John, m. Kinney. 3, Julia, m. Withee. 4, 

Noah. 5, Josiah, m. Sturgcss. 6, Lydia Ann. 

Children of Isaac Landers and Sofh&oxia. 1, Lydia Ann. 2, 
John CoUins. 3, George Henry. 

Children of IjEonard Blanciiabd and Sally. 1, Adaline, m. 
Cowell. 2, Castaline. 3, Franklin. 

Children of Abram Lord and Deborah. 1, Augustus, d.. 2, 
Abram, m. Lydia Sandbom. 

Children of Joseph Foy and Joanna. 1, Charles. 2, Anna. 8, 
Henrietta, d. 4, Joseph. 

F ift h Generation. 

Children of Albert and Hannah Berry. David. 

Children of Elduidoe and Angeline. 1 Harriet J. b. Dec, 28, 
1836. Henrietta, b. Feb. 1838. Mary Joanna, b. Aug. 29, 1841. 
Wm. Everett, b. April 4, 1843. Clara Ella, b. April 13, 1846. 
Sarah L. b. June 21, 1851, d. 1851. 

Children of John, Jr. and Mary. 1, Georgiana Floresta, b. July 
17, 1840, d. Oct. 16, 1840. 2, George Henry, b. Sept. 22, 1842. 
3 & 4, Edwin Augustus and Edward Augustine, b. Dec. 6, 1844, 
J, Jno. WiUiB, b. Oct. ID, 1851. 


CMldren of A&thttb and Nanot. 1, Frederick A., b. Feb. 6, 
1844. 2, Eliza C, b. Nov. 29, 1847 ; d. Aug. 29, 1848. 3, Lizzie 
C, b. Aug. 22, 1850 ; d. Jan. 24, 1852. 

Lydia Berry, the daughter of Samuel and the wife 
of Nathaniel, who was born Aug. 22, 1765, was the 
first white girl born in Gardiner or Pittston. 

Nathaniel Berry, was born in Georgetown, now 
called West Bath, Dec. 22, 1755. When he was 
eight years of age, (1763,) his father removed to 
Gardiner, and Nathaniel continued to reside here 
until he was twenty-two years old, 1777, when he 
went to Boston and enlisted. He was on the northern 
frontier with Gen. Schuyler, at the retreat of Sara- 
toga, surrender of Burguoyne, the skirmish at White 
marsh. H« soon became a member of Washington's 
Life Guard, and was at Valley Forge, in that darkest 
period of the Revolution. In January, 1780, he 
was honorably discharged and he returned to his 
home in what is now Gardiner. A few years before 
his death he removed to Pittston. While at Valley 
Forge a member of the Guard opened a writing 
school, and Mr. Berry attended. He wrote the 
names of the Life Guards in his book. His death 
took place Aug. 20, 1850. Hon. George Evans, 
pronounced an Eulogy, and a large procession of the 
people, officers, military escort, fire department, etc. 
attended the body to the Methodist Church, and 
thence to the Pittston cemetery, where it was 
buried amid the tolling of bells, and the firing of 
minute guns. Mr. Berry was a man of vigorous 
mind and body, and will long be remembered as one 
of George Washington's Life Guards. 

William Bacon* received five acres, Feb. 10, 1764, 
near the present Ferry. He attempted to build a 
house, but only succeeded in digging a cellar about 
1769, after which he went away. 

♦ Wiscasset Records. 


Joseph Bums * received lots 11 and 12, containing 
ten acres, Jan. 1, 1765. 

Moses Bickfordf settled on an eight acre lot, the 
same day, (No. 17.) 

Dr. Zachariah Flitner,:|: a German doctor, settled ou 
a five acre lot in what is now Gardiner village, ia 
September, 1765, but he soon gave it up, and remov- 
ed to Brown's farm. After remaining there awhile 
he went -to the neighborhood of Nahumkeag pond. 

ZACHAEIAH FLTTNEIl, m. Lucy Colbom. Childreii. 
I. William, settled on Arrowsic, and d. no issue. 

II. Bexjahin, 6 or 7 children. 

m. Hannah, m. HanoT|g^; children. 

rV. Lucy, m. Daniel Kelley ; H WUdren. 

y. FuANCES, m. Samuel Oakman. Children, 1, Francis, d. at 

sea, unm. 2, Samuel O., m. Jackson. 3, Zachariah, m. Mary 

Lapham. 4, Elizabeth, unm. 5, Cordelia, m. Joseph Ilitner. 6» 
William, d. at sea ; unm. 7, David, unm. ; is at Sandwich Islands. 

YI. Joseph, m. Elizabeth Cutts. Children, 1, Joseph, m. 
Cordelia Flitner. 2, Eliza, m. Lewis Packard. 3, William, m. 
Louisa Cutts. 4, George, m. Mary A. Chase. 6, Samuel C, m. 
Sophronia S. Jackson. 6, Mary, unm. 7, Sarah, unm. 

In 1765, Henry Layer and Frederic Jacquere 
were warned off from the land which they had re- 
ceived from Messrs. Hancock, by Dr. Gardiner, and 
forbidden to cut more fresh meadow hay. Messrs. 
Hancock and Gardiner both claimed the same soil, 
and quite a lawsuit, and much trouble grew out of 
the difference, between Dr. Gardiner and John Han- 
cock, who became heir. Jon. Bowman was the 
attorney of the latter. In 1769, David Lawrence 
was warned off by Dr. G. who claimed land which 
Lawrence had bought of Hancock. || 

Francis and William Winter*^ came here in 1766, 
but did not remain long. 

William Everson,1I a schoolmaster, bought an eight 

♦ Wis. Rec. t Ibid. t Ibid. Geo. Williamson, 

II R. H. Gardiner, MSS. § Wis. Rec.. H Ibid. 


acre lot of Benaiah and Mary Door, July 16, 1766, 
for £33, 6. 8. The deed was executed in presence 
of Jonathan and William Philbrook, and Benjamin 

A number* of settlers who had selected lots re- 
ceived their deeds September 18, 1766. Henry 
Bickford obtained lots 6, 14 and 15, containing six- 
teen acres. It was on the northern shore of Cab- 
bassa stream. * He remained but a short time, and 
went to Dresden. 

Paul Kennyf took up lots 8 and 37, containing 
eighteen acres, situated near the land of Stephen 
Kenny and Solomon Tibbetts. 

Stephen KennyJ obtained lots No. 3, 8, and 38, 
containing 26 acres, on the north shore of the 

Nathaniel Denbow^ settled on lot No. 27, con- 
taining ten acres, situated on the Cabbassa. 

Jonathan Oldham, || a mason, obtained a five acre 
lot, No. 15, Oct. 11, 1766. 

Samuel Oldham,** also a mason, came here the 
same year, but died in a few years. 

GIDEON GAIlDINER,tt came in 1766—7, and settled in 
Pittston ; lie was b. 1730 ; d. Oct. 28, 1798. He had children. 

I. Betsey, m. Dr. Warren. 

IL DoBCAS, m. ■ Turner ; children. 

m. Chablotte« m. Hall ; no issue. 

rV. Sarah, m. Stephen Jewett. 
V. John, m. Mrs. Phcebe (Cartright) McCord ; he d. April 

20, 1814. Children. 1, Benjamin C, m. Sturtevant. 2, 

J. D., m. Ann L. Milliken. 3, Charles F., m. Emeline Clay. 4, 
Dorcas, d. 5, Henry, m. Elizabeth Coggswell ; 2d wife, Caroline 

Fo urth Generation. 

Children of J. D. and Ann L. Gabdineb : 1, Louisa L. 2, Be- 
becca J. 3, Ellen H., d. 4, Augusta B. 

♦ Wise. Records. t Ibid. J Ibid. § Ibid. || Ibid. 
*♦ Ibid. tt Ibid. Town Records. J. D. Gardiner. 


About the year 1766-7, there was a season of 
great scarcity. The people had raised but little 
in the fall, and that supply was exhausted before 
spring. They made dried moose meat a substitute 
for bread, and they were destitute of vegetable food 
for a long time. When the ice broke up some of 
the settlers went down to the mouth of the river in 
batteaux, and waited there until the first coaster 
appeared. This was done frequently 'afterwards, in 
times of scarcity. 

James Cox,* settled here in 1767. 

Peter Hopkinsf received five acres the same year. 
His deed was given in 1768. The land of these 
two joined. 

William LawJ obtained five acres Aug. 2, 1768. 
It comprised "Law's Cove." 

The next day, Dennis Jenkins,^ a ship carpenter, 
obtained five acres, which he sold March 10, 1778, 
to William Barker. It was where William R Grant, 
Esq. resides. Jenkins' wife was named Anna. He 
designed to build ships here, but from some cause 
he did not remain. 

Abner Mars(>n|| bought 80 acres, Aug. 22, 1768. 
It joined Nathaniel Bailey's land. 

John LawrencelT took up 100 acres on the eastern 
side of the Kennebec, in 1769, which he sold to 
Joseph Lawrence in 1770. It was lot No. 3. 

PELATIAH WARREN, came in 1770, m. Abigail "Hbbette ; ihe 
d. 1793, murdered. Children, 

I. Hannah, m. Pratt. 

n. Abaoail, m. Wm. Sioman. 

m. William G., b. 1774, m. Margaret Marson. Children, 1, 
William, m. Ann Fields. 2, Caroline, d. 3, Samuel, m. H. EI. 
Leach, 2d wife, C. T. Yigoureaux. 4, Jamos, m. 5, George, m. 
Hutchinson . 6, Jno. m. Mary Melius. 7, Harriet E. m. Br. J. C. 
Julia Boynton. 

* Wis. Rec. Dr. Gardiner's MSS. t lb. J lb. {lb. 

II lb. % lb. 


rV. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 29, 1778 ; m. Dennis Gould ; she d. 
Feb. 26, 1849 ; lie d. Feb. 5, 1852, a. 86. Children, 1, Robert, m. 
Rebecca Whitney. 2, Jesse, m. Eliza Crowell. 3, Relief^ m. Col. 
John Fairbanks, of Winthrop. 4, Walter* m. in Mississippi. 5, 
James, m. Rachel Rollins. 6, William, m. Lucy Lawrence ; 2d 
wife, Lydia Ann Moore. 7, Bartlett, m. Catherine Cottle. 8, 
EUesif Ann, m. Richard B. Caldwell. 9, Oscar R., m. Martha 

Y. John, b. 1787 ; m. Mary Chase, 1805 ; he d. in Turner, 
Nov. 25, 1846 ; she d. Jan. 18, 1830. Children, 1, Abigail S,, b. 
Sept. 8, 1806 ; m. Charles H. W. Tuesley of Hermon. 2, William 
S. b. Sept. 2, 1807 ; m. Sarah Ames ; d. Aug. 3, 1827. 3, Joshua 
D., b. Jto. 1, 1809 ; m. Hannah C. Bailey. 4, John, Jr., b. Sept. 
14, 1810; m. Lydia Bowker. 5, Henry S., b. Sept. 19, 1812; 
d. July 16, 1830. 6, James, b. Sept. 18, 1814 ; went to sea, and 

not heard from. 7, Mary A., b. July 31, 1816 ; m. Morton ; 

d. 1837. 8, Caroline, b. Feb. 9, 1819 ; d. April 9, 1825. 9, So- 
phia, b. Feb. 3, 1822 ; m. Prior M. Hamlin ; d. Jan. 20, 1849. 10, 
Rodney, b. Dec. 15, 1823 ; d. at sea, June 13, 1841. 11, Sidney, 
b. April, 1826 ; d. Sept. 1826. 

YI. James, b. 1789 ; d. 1829. 
VII. Cynthia, b. 1790; m. Enoch Tibbetts. Chil., 1, WiUiam, 

m. Hannah Gould. 2, Edward, m. . 3, Dolly, 4, 

Cynthia. 5, Thomas. 6, Sarah. 7, Enoch. 

Yin. Fanny, b. 1792 ; m. John Coombs ; 2d hus. Bartol. 

ChiL, Apphia. 

IX. Charlotte, b. 1794 ; m. James Smith ; 2d husband, 

Brown. Chil., 1, John, m. Welch. 2, Welly, \mm. 3, 

Frances, unm. 4, Cynthia. 5, Jane. 

Fourth Generation, 

Children of Samuel and C. T. Wabben. 1, Osgood W. G. 2, 
Ann Sarah, d. 

Child of Geo&ge and Julia Wa&ben. George. 

The celebrated Brown* farm, heretofore spoken of 
as the first land cleared by the English in Gardiner 
or Pittston, was leased by Dr. Gardiner in 1770, to 
Joseph Cragin. 

About the year 1770, the destructive army worms 
first made their appearance. They devoured all be- 
fore them, and moved over houses rather than pass 
around them. 

Samuel Oakman,f a mariner, removed to Pittston 
in 1771, and August 31, 1772, he purchased land of 

♦ Wis. Rec. R. H. Gardiner, MSS. t Wis. Rec. 



M:.*:: 0:'r:r::. Thene are none of the name now 
J:*:.:: .-.:..: H.:.-y Nile* settled near Major Smith's 

IV J •..i:h.i:: Hi.^ks,t was herefrom 1772-4, and 
vv:;5 ::.c f..*^: : hv>io:aii who ventmed to settle here. 
He :V :;:■..: ::>: reopie so healthy or so poor, that he 
\vt ::: Vo.k :.^ Massachusetts, whence he came. 

I:: 177:>. the settlers' lotsj of Nathaniel Denbow, 
l\i;'. .\ -.: Stej-hen Kenny. Elianiel and Ebenezer Tib- 
ialis. Hci.ry Bickfoni. and Joaeph Lawrence, were 
i.'ikt-/. :':;::i them for not lulfilling their conditions. 
W. ...\:!i Gatdiner was appointed to take possession 
o: shtin. by his father. Iiecause they had "gone off 
ai.L! .c::"; :':.o:r rvsrective i^laces," 

lV:.;a::::" Colburn^ and John Taggart bought 40S 
a::o5 i :* M.-;jor Reuben Colbum, Jan. 1, 1773, on 
ilio c:i<:o:r. sivle of the Kennebec. 

Joli:- North was iMie oi the fiist Irish settlers who 
oaiv.o t.^ iV.o Kennebec. In 1757 he succeeded 
l\r;t. B.-^adViirv as commander of the fort on St. 
Ciov^rco's rivcT. John McKechnie was his Lieuten- 
ant. Ho was a Keiuieb<*c proprietor in his own 
Tichx, ai:d iliat of his wile. North became one of 
iho Jiuiiros of tlie Court of Common Pleas. He 
died abor.t 1765 and Joseph, his son, went to fort 
Halifax soon aUor. and in 1773-4 purchased the old 
posioinoo now- used as a store by William R. Gay, 
and moved to liardinerston. It was built by Dr. 
(Jardiner in 1763-4. and Judire North sold it to 
Maj. Seth (Jay in 17S6. It is older than any other 
building in Ciardincr or Piitsion. Mr. North repre- 
sented Gardinerston in the Provincial Congress in 
1774-0. and removed to Aususta. about the time of 

• AVifl. Kec. t Ibid. A. Tibbetts. J Dr. Gardiner's MSS. 
^ Lincoln Records. 


the peace. He was a most influential man. A 
writer in the Kennebec Journal speaks thus of his 
family, which was the best cultivated in the Planta- 
tion : — 

" Madam North, his wife, was a Boston lady of 
the old school. She had a good person, a cultivated 
mind, dignified and graceful manners, and being re- 
markable for her powers of conversation, was the 
delight of the social circle. Her sprightly and spirit- 
ed remarks, in tones that were music to the ear, 
were peculiarly pleasant and animating. Under her 
direction, their house was the seat of elegant hospi- 
tality. In the latter part of her life she became 
blind ; and the world she had cheered, was shrouded 
from her vision."* 

The old Gardiner, North or Gay mansion is now 
standing, a venerable monument of the early times. 

Thomas Agryf first bought 93 acres of land in 
Dresden of Samuel Dudley, but after that, in 1774 
he removed to Agry's Point. He was a ship-carpen- 
ter, and built some of the first vessels above Bath. 
The family was once very conspicuous here, but 
there are now none of the name. His son, Capt. 
John, married Betsey Reed. Thomas and John re- 
moved to Hallowell and Capt. David died at sea. 

In 1776-7, Frederic O'BluffskieJ received a settler's 
lot, but he soon enlisted, and went into the Revolu- 
tionary army. 

Having given minutes of the first settlement, we 
will next give some facts in the history of the honor- 
ed founder of the city, and his family. 

Dr. Sylvester Gardiner, whose enterprise did 
so much towards settling the Kennebec valley, was 
born in South Kingston, R. I. in the year 1707. He 

♦ Lincoln Rec. Williamson's Hist. Maine. 

t Lincoln Records. X Ibid. State Papers. 


was the fourth son of William, who was the son of 
Benoni, the son of Joseph, an English emigrant. 
He was educated by his brother-in-law, Rev. Dr. 
McSparran, for the medical profession, and studied 
eight years in England and France, and returned to 
Boston, where he soon became known as an accom- 
plished physician. He established a depot for the 
importation of drugs, and soon realized a very large 
fortune. Gradually he accumulated immense pos- 
sessions of real estate in Maine, having at least, at 
one time, one hundred thousand acres of land.* As 
will be seen in these pages, he was the grantor of 
much of the land in ancient Pittston and other places 
in the vicinity, the builder of mills, and the author 
of the beginning of our early settlements. He erect- 
ed houses eind mills at Swan Island, Pownalborough 
and other places. See Ecclesiastical Sketch. 

On the breaking out of the Revolution, he imme- 
diately espoused the cause of Great Britain, and left 
Boston with the British army, on the evacuation. 
He was forced to leave his large property behind 
him, taking only about £400 with him. Sabine 
saysf, '^ he was an addresser of both Hutchinson and 
Gage. In 1776, he went to Halifax with the British 

On his flight his property was confiscated, and all 
that could be found was sold at public auction. 

A fine library containing! about 600 volumes, 
belonging to Dr. Gardiner, was sold at auction by 
William Cooper in 1778 and 1779. There were 
upwards of 90 rare folios, 80 quartos, 330 octavos, 
and about 60 duodecimos. Another library was sold 
the same day, belonging to " Mrs. Rebecca Hallo- 
well, an absentee." It contained about 22 folios, 22 
quartos, 84 octavos and about 28 duodecimos. 

* Updike's Hist, of Epiac. Cliurch, m ^ttrt%:gKnsett, p. 126. 
t American Loyalists, p. 316. X 'ii^aawi'^^Mi^'^ KiOb2ct«m. 


These books were all sold, and scattered among 
many porchaseni, as may be seen by the State Ar- 
chives in Boston, where the names of the books, the 
prices and purchasers' names are all recorded. Pro- 
bably the first mentioned above is the library which 
Dr. Gfeurdiner willed to the town of Gardiner, here- 
after referred to. The books and other personal 
effects, sequestrated and sold amounted to £1658, 18. 
The personal effects of Robert and Rebecca Hallo- 
well were also sold, and they brought £243, 8, 6. 
The list of articles owned by Dr. Gardiner com- 
mences thus : 1 mahogany bookcase, 1 pine painted 
do., 2 black walnut square tables, 1 tin fender, 1 
chamber table, 1 small timepiece, 1 oil coat, 1 green 
sacking bedstead, etc. 

The estates on the Kennebec were confiscated, 
but the Attorney General found that the action was 
illegally prosecuted, and instituted new proceedings.* 
Before they were brought to a close peace was de- 
clared, and the proceedings were stayed. The heirs 
of Dr. Gardiner learned these facts, and obtained the 
property. Had there been no flaw in the first suit 
the property would now be in other hands than those 
of the heirs of Dr. Gardiner. 

Oct. 16, 1778, an act was passed,! by the Assem- 
bly of Massachusetts against a large number of 
absentees, and among them were recorded the names 
of Sylvester Gardiner and Robert Hallo well. They 
were declared to be " manifesting an inimical disposi- 
tion to the said States, and a design to aid and abet 
the enemies thereof in their wicked purposes," and 
it was enacted that if they should return, the sheriff, 
selectmen, or any otljer inhabitant should apprehend 
them, and commit them to jail until they could be 
sent out of the State, into the British dominions. 

* Frederic Allen, Esq, f Mass. ^]jeda\. iLcXa. 


It was also enacted, that should any such be trans- 
ported and return, they should be put to death with* 
out benefit of clergy. Those who should harbor or * ' 
conceal these were to be mulcted in the sum of 

This continued in force in this part of the Union 
until the adoption of the celebrated treaty first made 
November 30, 1782. This provided that Congress 
should recommend the States to provide for the 
restitution of all property which had been confiscated 
from those who had not borne arms against the 
United States, and that all other refugees should 
have liberty to go to any part of the country and re- 
main twelve months unmolested, and use what 
endeavors they could to obtain their property. It 
provided that Congress should recommend the States 
to restore all estates when the original owner 
should pay th^ bona fide price received for them after 
their confiscation, and that all who should have any 
interest in confiscated lands, either by debts, mar- 
riage settlements, or otherwise, should be allowed to 
prosecute their claims and obtain their rights without 
impediment. This was unanimously adopted by 
Congress, in January, 1784, nine States being 

About the time of peace. Dr. Gardiner wtote to 
Mr. Bowdoin as follows : — 

*" April 10, 1783. There is now an entire change 
in our ministry, which you will hear of before this 
reaches you, and with them most likely a change of 
political measures. God grant us all grace to put an 
end to this devouring war, so contrary to our most 
holy religion : and unite us all once more in that 
bond of peace and brotherly union, so necessary to 
the happiness of botli ccmntries, which God grant 

♦ Updike, p. U7. 

nBTTLBmBirr akd incorporation. 91 

may soon take }dace, and give us all an opportunity 
once more to greet one another as friends." 

Dr. Gardiner seems to have acted conscientiously 
in his course, for undoubtedly he was a man of pro- 
bity and his " Christian fortitude and piety were 
exemplary as his honesty was inflexible, and his 
friendship sincere."* 

When peace was finally settled, he returned to his 
native country, and resided in Newport, R. I., and 
practised physic and sui^ery, until he died suddenly 
of a malignant fever, August 8, 1786.t 

" His funeral was attended by most of the citizens, 
and his body was interred under Trinity Church. 

The shipping disfdayed its colors at half mast, and 
much respect was shown by all the people. "J 

In the Episcopal church iu Gardiner, near the 
pulpit, a beautiful Cenotaph of black marble, about 
eight feet high, enclosed in a fine oaken frame, and 
cemented in the wall, is erected to the memory of 
Dr. Gardiner, and bears the following inscription :<§> — 

Sacrum Memorise 
Qui natus, haud obscuro genere, in insuld Rhodi 
Studuit Farisiis 
Et Bostonise dii^ medicinam felTcit^r Exercuit. • 

Postquam satis opum paravisset, 

Navavit operam ad domandam omandamque 

Hanc orientalem regionem, tunc incultam. 

Hie sylvaa lat^ patentes evertit, molas omnigenas 

.^Bdificavit, omnia rura permultls tuguriis omavit, 

• ' Templum Deo erexit, 

Atque haec loca habitantibus pater-patrise dici 

Profecto meruit. 

Vir acerrimo ingenlo ; medicus sciens, 

Maritus fideUs, pius in Liberos, 

In obeundis negotiis vigilans, sagax, indefessus, 

Integer vitse, in sacris litens doctus, 

Chnstianse fidei omnino addictus. 

♦ Newport Mercury, Aug. 14, 1786. 

t Updike. t Newport Mercury, Aug. 14, 1786, 

} Copied horn the Cenotaph. 


Ecclesiseque Anglicanas observantiflsimiui, 

Mortuus est in insulA Rhodi, 

Anno Domini MDCCLXXXVI, cetatis LXXDL 

Ut viri de ecclesl^ deque Republic^ optimd meriti 

Memoriam commendaret posteriB, suseque insuper 

Erga avum venerandnm pietatis monumentum extaret, 

Honorarium hoc marmor erexit, 

Nepos hseresque, 
E.OBEBTUS Hallowell Gakdinek. 


Sacred to the memory of Sylyestek Gasdiner, who, bean in 
Rhode Island of family not obscure, studied in Paris, and practLsed 
medicine successfully, a long time, in Boston. Haying obtained a 
competency, he directed his attention to the civilization and im- 
provement of the Eastern country, then uncultivated. Here he 
leveled extensive tracts of forest, bidlt various Idnda of mills, 
ornamented the country with numerous cottages, erected a churchy 
and by the inhabitants of these parts has richly deserved to be 
called the father of the land. Distinguished for his abilities, a 
learned physician, a faithful husband, a good father, of incorrupti- 
ble integrity, in transacting of business, indefSeitigable, sagacioof 
and vigilant, of upright life, deeply read in the Sacred Scxiptures, 
a firm believer in the Christian Faith, and wholly devoted to the 
doctrine and discipline of the Church of England, he died in 
Rhode Island, in the year of our Lord, 1786, aged 79. That he 
might commend to posterity the memory of a man who deserved 
so well of the Church and the Republic, and that a moniunent 
might exist of his own gratitude towards his venerable grandfa- 
ther, Robert Hallowell Gabdineu, his grandson and heir, has 
erected this honorary marble. 

His last will and testament reads as follows:* 

In the name of God, amen. I, Sylvester Gardiner, late of 
Boston, in the County of Suffolk, now residing at Newport, in the 
County of Newport, and State of Rhode Island, &c., physician, 
being of sound understanding and memory, for wRich, I return 
my most humble praise and thanks to my mighty and merciful 
Creator, calling to mind the uncertainty of my life, as it is appoint- 
ed to all men once to die, do make and ordain this, my last will 
and testament. 

First, I do most humbly resign my soul to God, humbly be- 
seeching him to pardon all my sins through the all-sufficient 
merits and mediation of my blessed Saviour and most mighty Re- 
deemer Jesus Christ. I ' commit my body to the earth from 

♦ Copied by Charles E. Allen, Esq., from the Suffolk Registry, 
vol 86, p, 26. 


whence it was taken, in assurance of its resurrection at the last 
day, when the Lord Jesus shall change it, that it may be fashioned 
like to his glorious body, by his mighty power, whereby he is able 
to subdue tdl things to himself. As to my burial, I desire it may 
be decent without extravagance, at the discretion of my executors 
hereafter mentioned. 

I order all my debts and funeral charges to be paid as soon as 
convenient after my decease. Such worldly goods and estate as 
it hath pleased Ood to give me, I dispose of In the following 

Imprimis, I give and devise unto my two sons-in-law, Kobert 
Hallowell, Esq., and Oliver Whipple, of Portsmouth, in the State 
of New Hampshire, in America, Esq., all my Cobbiscontee tract 
of laiid, so oaUed, at Gardinerston, lying on the west side of Ken- 
nebec river, abbutting on Cobbiscontee great pond, and- lies on 
the north and south side of Cobbiscontee great river, as by the 
several grants to 'me will appear; also an Island on Kennebec 
river, containing about 120 acres, which was formerly called Lynd's 
Island, but now Gardiner's Idand, and now let upon lease to 
Joseph Smith ; the foregoing Island and land upon this special trust, 
for tne express following purpose, (that is to say,) to and for the sole 
use and benefit of my son William Gardiner, during his life, and 
afterwards to the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, and in 
definult of such heirs male, then to the eldest daughter of the said 
William Gardiner and the heirs male of her body lawfully be- 
gotten, and in default of such issue, male or female, I give and 
aevise all the aforementioned premises to my ^andson, Robert 
Hallowell, son to Robert and Hannah Hallowell, and the heirs 
of his body lawfully begotten, and in default of heirs male, then 
to the eldest daughter of the said Robert Hallowell, and to the 
heirs male of her body lawfully begotten, and in default of such 
hdrs male or female of the said Robert Hallowell, then I give 
and devise the aforementioned premises to my grandson Sylvester 
Whipple, son to Oliver and Abigail Whipple, and to the heirs male 
of his body lawfully begotten, and in default of such heirs male 
then to his eldest daughter and the heirs male of her body law- 
fully begotten, on this condition, that in case the devised premises, 
should pass to the heirs male of the said Robert Hallowell, or the 
heirs male of the said Oliver Whipple, in such case the said male 
or female heirs, shall be obliged to change or procure his name to be 
changed from Hallowell or Whipple, as the estate may happen to 
pass, to the one or the other, to the name of Gardmer, and in 
default of such issue male or female, as before specified, then to the 
next heir at law and in default of lawful heirs, then to St. Ann's 
Church in Gardinerston. I give and bequeath twenty pounds ster- 
ling to be paid annually forever, in four equal quarterly payments 
out of the rents and incomes of my Cobbiscontee or Gardinerston 
Estate aforesaid to the Episcopal minister for the time being of 
St. Ann's Church in the said Gardinerston, who shall be duly 
presented and inducted into the said Church, and he shall be 
deemed rightfully inducted and instituted who shall be ^x«&«^^\ 


to the same by my said son, William Gardiner or his heirs, the 
perpetual successive patrons of the said Church, always supposing 
that the major part of the parishioners of the said Church duly 
qualified by law to vote, agree to the nomination .or presentation, 
but if the major part of the parishioners duly qualified shall 
oppose the person presented by the patron for the time being, he 
shall then present a second within one year after such rejection, 
and if he be opposed in like manner, he shall present a third, who 
shall be inducted any opposition notwithstanding. And if the 
patron for the time being upon a vacancy of a minister of the said 
Church by death or removal, shall neglect to present within 12 
months, another candidate for the same, the parishioners of the 
said Church, being convened by their wardens, shall have power 
by major vote to present one themselves for that time only, the 
patron's right returning, again, upon the next vacancy, and the 
person so chosen by the Parishioners, shall have a good and legal 
right, annually, during his ministry at said Church, to the £20 
sterling, out of the rents and income of the said Estate, to be paid 
by the Patron for the time being, as though he had presented 
himself. And furthermore the said £20 sterling, annually or so 
much of it as shall become due during any vacancy of the min- 
istry in said Church, shall be paid to the next incumbent. And 
I order and direct the said Church of St. Ann's, to be decently 
finished, if not done before my death, out of my personal estate. 
I give to the Church of St. Ann's, in Gardinerston, forever, 10 
acres of land, in Gardinerston, to be laid out by my son Williamy 
and my two Executors hereafter mentioned so as to include with- 
in the bounds of said Church a Parsonage house. I give and 
bequeath my whole library of books, for a public Library, by the 
name of the Gardiner Library, for the use of the settled Epis- 
copal and Dissenting Clergy and the Physicians that shall live 
within 15 miles, east and west of Kennebec River, and 20 miles 
north and south from the Church, on said River, the Library to 
be always kept at Gardinerston, and the Episcopal minister there 
for the time being to be the Librarian, on his giving sufficient 
security to my son William, his heirs and successors in that estate 
forever ; which, if he refuses or neglects then some other person 
to be librarian, who shall give such security ; said library to be 
always subject to such rules and regulations, hereunto annexed 
and signed with my own hand. 

1 give and bequeath to my dearly beloved wife, Catharine Gard- 
iner, the interest of £1000 sterling, which sum I order and direct 
my Executors hereafter named, to place out on good and suffi- 
sient security, at lawful interest, or to lay out the same in the 
public funds as my said wife shall direct, and the interest I also 
direct to be paid to my said wife, every half year during her remain- 
ing a widow, but in case my said wife should marry again, in that 
case I order and direct my Executors to pay my -widow the interest 
of £500 sterUng only, during her natural life, and no discharge 
except a receipt in her own hand in writing, signed by the hand 
of said widow, shall be sufficient to discharge my Executors from 
$he payment thereof during her life, and after her death, the 


principal shall descend to my heirs to be equally divided among 
them as before directed. I give and bequeath to my two daugh- 
ters, Hannah Hallowell and Abigail Whipple, the whole of Worro- 
montogns tract, containing 6000 acres of land, bounded westerly by 
the east side of Kennebec river, by the 3 grants of the said land 
from the Kennebec (Company, to me, will more fully appear, to be 
equally divided between them, the northerly half I devise to Wil- 
liam Hallowell, the southerly half I devise to my daughter Whip- 
ple, each of them paying annually £3 sterling out of the rents and 
profits of the said land, to the Episcopal minister for the time 
being of St. Ann's Church in Gardinerston, who shall be elected 
and duly inducted in said church. I give and devise to my daugh- 
ter Bebecca Dumarisque, my lot of land called the Diamond lot, 
containing 1000 acres, as per grant from the Kennebec Co., as de- 
lineated and laid down on, the Kennebec Company's plan made by 
John North, Esq. to hold during her natural Hie, and then to the 
male heirs of her body, lawfully begotten, and in default of male 
heirs, to be equally divided among her daught^s that may be 
living, at the time of my decease, she and her heirs paying annual- 
ly the sum of 40 shillings sterling out of the rents and prohts of 
uie said land, to the ministry of St. Ann's Church in Gardinerston, 
who shall be duly elected and inducted to the said church. Also 
I give and devise to my daughter Duoiarisque the sum of £300 
sterling. Also I give and bequeath to my daughter Ann Brown 
the sum of £300 sterling. All the rest and residue of my estate 
real and personal, I order to be sold by my Executors, who are 
hereby fully impowered to make deed and conveyance of the real 
estate according to their discretion, and the money arising from 
the sale of such real estates, to be divided into 6 equal shares. 
One share, I give my said daughter Brown, one share my said 
daughter HaUowell, one share my said daughter Whipple, one 
share to the children of John Gardiner, Esq. Barrister at law, late 
of the Island of St. Christophers, now resident at Boston, New 
England, (as 'tis said,) and to the said John Gardiner himself, I 
give only the sum of one guinea out of my estate and its my will 
and order he shidl have no more, one equal shore I give to my said 
daughter Damarisque, together with the said aforesaid sum of £300 
sterling as above devised, to be put out at interest by my Ex'trs 
hereafter named, on good security and the interest or income to be 
paid to her half yearly during her life, or to such person or per- 
sons for such uses as she by a writing under her own hand shall 
direct or order, and no discharge except a receipt in writing signed 
by the hand of my said daughter Kebecca Damarisque, shall be 
sufficient to discharge my Executors from the payment thereof 
during her life, and after her death the same sum, princi- 
pal and interest, shall be equally divided among her daughters that 
shall be then living and paid them accordingly. One other share 
I give to my son William Gardiner to be put out at interest on 
good security for this use to wit, to be applied, the interest 
thereof, as it shall become due, towards discharging a bond i^i 
which I was bound to a person in London, whose name I have 
forgot, for his debt, until the same shall be paid, \i\3A. \i >iJc^"8X %«xft» 


debt shall be paid or discharged in my lifetime, then it la my 
meaning and will that the interest of this same sum, given or 
intend^ for the use of my said son William, shall go and be 
divided in equal shares among and between my daughter Hallo- 
well, my daughter Dumarisque, my daughter Brown, my daughter 
Whipple, and the said John Gardiner's children, they to have one 
sixth part, and the said interest to be applied and paid acccttdingHy 
so long as that it shall amount to so mudi as the whole debt and 
interest for which I was so bound, and after my said six heizs shall 
have received and divided among them out of the said interest 
so much as the full amount of the said debt and interest for which 
I am so bound, the same being paid by me in my lifetime, then 
the interest of the said sum so given, or designed for the use of 
my said son William, shall be the one half of it paid annually, 
to him, and the other half of it laid out in the improving the 
Estate at Cobbiscontee, as may be agreed on between my execu- 
tors and the said William Gardiner. And in consideration of the 
fBiithful services of my servant maid, Belau, I give her all her 
wearing apparel with &e bed and bedding she has usually used 
together with £10 sterling for the purchasing household furniture. 
I also give her the sum of £16 sterling, per annimi, to be paid 
her quarterly, during her natural life, by my Executors and for 
the faithful payment thereof it is my will that my real estate 
stand chargeable, and that my Executors shall and may detain 
and keep in their own hands and possession, so much money 
from the share or portion from each of my heirs before named as 
shall be sufficient to secure the punctual payment of the said £16 
sterling per annum, during the life of my faithful servant Belau. 
And I do hereby constitute and appoint my said sons-in-law, 
Robert Hallo well and Oliver Whipple, Esqrs., Executors of this 
my said last will and testament. And lastly I do hereby revoke 
annul and make void, all former wills and testaments, by me at 
any time made. In witness whereof, I, the said Silvester Gardi- 
ner, have to this, my last will and testament, containing six sheets 
of paper, set my hand and seal to the last sheet hereof, my hand 
only to the blank sheets. Silvester Gardinsb, [l. sj 

Signed, sealed, published and declared by the said Silvester 
Gardiner, Esq., as his last will and testament, in the presence of 
us, this 25th day of April, A. D. 1786. John Bours, Thomas Rob- 
inson, Sarah Robinson. 

lat Codicil, A CodicU to be added to, and be a part of the last 
will and testament of Sylvester Gardiner, late of Boston, in the 
County of Suffolk, now residing at Newport in the County of 
Newport, and State of Rhode Island, &c., physician. Whereas 
I have made and published a will in writing, bearing date the 25th 
day of April, A. D. 1786. Now I, the said Sylvester Gardiner, 
do hereby ratify and confirm the same, with the following addi- 
tions or alterations, to wit : I give and bequeath to my son, John 
Gardiner, one thousand pounds lawful money, to be paid him by 
my executors, in my will aforesaid named, in two years after my 
decease, out of moneys that shall arise from the securities now 

ut^IjKMent and incorporation. 97 

lodsed in his hands to collect the payment ofl I do by this my 
Godidl annul and make void the legacy in and by my said last 
will and testament bequeathed my servant maid Belau. It is my 
mind and will that the powers of attorney by me given to my son- 
in-law, Oliyer Whipple, Esq., my son, John Gardmer and Edward 
H. Bobbins, of Boston, Br. Elijah Wright Dix, of Worcester, shall 
ecmtinue and be in force and valid, untd the arrival of my son-in- 
law, Bobert Hallowell, Esq, in this coimtry ; and that until that 
time, that my said attorneys shall accoimt for their conduct to and 
with my olher Executor, l^e said Oliver Whipple, Esq. For and 
in consideration, the trouble my Executor, Robert Hallowell, Esq. 
may have in the settlement of my estate, I do hereby give him one 
hundred pounds sterling money per annum, and the liberty to live 
in fftiy one of my houses, particularly the new one at Cobbiscontee 
or Ghurdinerston estate, if he pleases, rent free, imtil a final settle- 
ment of my estate. I give and devise aU my part and right in 
8wan Island to John Sylvester John Gardiner, to hold to him 
his heirs and assigns forever. I ^ve and bequeath to my beloved 
vri£a Catharine Gardiner, in addition to what I have already given 
her in and by my last will and testament, all my plate and house- 
hold furniture of any sort and kind that I may die possessed of^ 
and also the sum of £30 lawful money, yearly, and every year 
during her life, to be paid her by my Executors out of my 
estate, and I do also hereby declare, that my said will, in writing, 
and this Codicil, which I will shall be added to and deemed part 
thereof do contain my last will and testament. In witness 
whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal, the 25th of April, 
A. D. 1786. Silvester Gabdiner. [l. s.] 

Witnessed by John Bours, Thomas and Sarah Bobinson. 

2d CodieiL In addition to the aforegoing will and Codicil, my 
will and desire is that my wife, Catharine Gardiner, be provided by 
my executors with a suitable and convenient part of a house for 
her to live in where she may choose during her residence in 
America, the rent of the same to be paid out of my Estate. But 
provided she chooses to return to England, then in that case my 
will is, that my executors pay the expenses of her passage together 
with the passage of a servant to attend her. In witness to the 
above I have hereunto set my hand and seal, the 26th day of 
April, 1786. 

Witnessed by Bours and Bobinsons. 

Zd Codicil. A Codicil to be added to and be a part of the last 
will and testament of Sylvester Gardiner, late of Boston, in the 
County of SuiFolk, now residing at Newport in the County of 
Newport, and State of Bhode Island, &c., physician. I do hereby 
revoke and disannul that part of a Codicil to my last will and 
' testament made and executed the 25th day of April last whereby 
I have given to my wife, Catharine Gardiner, the sum of £30 
lawful money, yearly, and every year during her life, and also the 
whole and every part of another Codicil made and executed in 
fcTor of my said wife, Catharine Gardiner, the 26th day of April 



last, and for and in lieu thereof I do hereby give and bequeath 
to my said Mrifie, Catharine Gardiner, the sum of five hundred 
pounds lawful money, to her sole use and disposal, to be paid to 
her by my attorney, Edward Hutchinson Bobbins, out of the 
securities or credits which I have put into his hands to collect and 
secxire, together with an annuity of £50 lawful money, to be paid 
to my said wife^ Catharine Gardiner, half yearly during her 
natural life^ by my said attorney, the said Edward, out of the 
residue of the securities or credits in my said attorney's hands, 
which I hereby make chargeable for thAt purpose, all which is to 
be considered in lieu of my said wife Catharine Gkurdiner's right 
of dower or claim of thirds. In witness whereof^ &c. 

4/A Codicil. In addition to my will and Codicils thereto onn^ed 
and added, all which I do hereby ratify and confirm, I do now 
giye and bequeath to my son, John Gardmer, his heirs and assigns, 
my house and lot of land with the appurtenances to the same 
belonging, in the town of Boston, which belonged to my late 
fiEither-in-law, Dr. John Gibbons. I do also hereby give to my 
said son, John Gardiner, his heirs and assigns, the one half pari 
of my Pownalboro' farm in the State of Massachusetts, and the 
other half part of said farm, my will and desire is, should be 
equally divided between my grandson, 'William Gardinejr, and 
granddaughter, Ann, children of my said son, John Gardiner, 
6aid Pownalboro* farm being on the Eastern rrver. In witness 
to the aforegoing Codicil, I do hereby set my hand and seal the 
12th day of May, A. D., 1786. Silvesteb Garihnbr. [l. s.] 

For a considerable time before Dr. Gardiner^s 
hegird, he kept a slave, whom he owned, named Haz- 
ard, at work on his estates in Gardinerston.* He is 
the only one known ever to have been here. 

Hazardf was a bad fellow. He was sent here for 
attempting to poison the family, and for other bad 
acts. Mr. R. H. Gardiner says, " He was sent down 
here where my grandfather gave him tools and stock 
for carrying on a farm. He was subsequently drown- 
ed in the Cabbassa, (at Hazard's Rips.) The town 
of Hallowell sued Gardiner for the support of a 
Lewis, one of his descendants. It was proved that 
Hazard was his own master and had all his earnings, 
but as he was never regularly manumitted the court 
decided that he had not gained a residence. The 

* Action between Hallowell and Gardiner, Greenleof *8 Keports, 
t Com. of R. H. Gardiner, Esq, 


case is reported. All the colored people named Lewis 
in this vicinity are descended from Hazard.''* 

John Gardiner,! eldest son of the Doctor, " was 
born in Boston in the year 1731, and was sent to 
England to complete his education. He studied law 
at the Inner Temple, and practised in the Courts of 
Westminster Hall." He was from the beginning an 
ardent republican, and a friend of Churchill and John 
Wilkes. He defended the latter, and attracted the 
attention of Lord Mansfield ; but though his Lord- 
ship liked his talents, he would not advance him 
because of his political principles. He received the 
appointment of Attorney General in the West Indies, 
and removed to St. Christophers in 1768. Here he 
was very successful, and during the Revolution he 
distinguished himself for his whig principles. In 
1783, he removed to Boston. 

He petitioned the Senate and House of Represen- 
tatives in Oct. 1783, and he relates in his petitionj 
that he left America in 1748, before he was of age, 
and resided in England and South Wales, until 1768, 
and from that year until 1783, in St. Christophers in 
the West Indies. He declares that his father. Dr. 
Sylvester Gardiner, " unfortunately for himself as 
for your petitioner," withdrew from Boston in 1776, 
with the British troops, leaving behind him a large 
property, some of which was seized by the State, 

* After endeayoring to poisou the family, he hung a favorite / 
horse of the Doctor's, and fired his house. At this the neighbors 
were alarmed, and insisted that he should not remain. They said 
he might hang his master's horses and poison the feunily (with 
their own consent,) but they, the neighbors, would not be burned up 
by him, so he was banished to Cabbassa. His attempt at poison- 
ing was thus discovered. Mrs. Hallowell was a favorite with the 
slave, and he told her one morning not to drink of the coffee. This 
aroused the suspicions of the family, and on analyzing the coffee 
it was found to be poisoned. 

t Updike's Hist. Narragansett Church. 

X Mass. Archives* 


and sold. He declares that among the property was 
real estate which Dr. Gibbons, his grandfather, de- 
signed for his mother, and which was not the proper- 
ty of Dr. Gardiner, and also a library, which was 
superior to most private libraries in this part of the 
world, and which he designed as a donation to Har- 
vard University. He claims that the law of forfeit- 
ure and corruption of blood for treason is a cruel 
law, introduced into England in the year 420, by 
the Saxons, and that he should not suffer for his 
father's conduct, as he has been a staunch whig ever 
since he could act for himself; and was in " political 
opinion and conduct," the very reverse of his father. 
That in 1763 he took the part of John Wilkes, when 
an abandoned ministry attempted to crush him, 
having been his counsel, and that he always took 
the part of the Americans, and resolved, long before 
peace was declared, to return to the colonies and 
spend his days. He appeals to John Hancock and 
others for proof of his declarations. He closes as 
follows : — 

" That your Petitioner hath lately been in the 
County of Lincoln in this State, upon a visit to his 
Brother, William Gardiner, Esq,, who there pos- 
sesses upon the River Kennebeck, a very large and 
good Estate, from the Gift of your Petitioner's said 
Father, made to the said William Gardiner, up- 
wards of ten years ago, and where your Petitioner 
found there hath been, and now continues to be, a 
most unjust and enormous Waste and Destruction of 
the choice Timber, on the Estates, or Plantations 
which were such the late Estates of your Petitioner's 
said Father at the time of his withdrawing himself 
as aforesaid. And upon one of which Estates which 
your Petitioner's said Father had actually devised to 
your Petitioner by his last Will, a Saw-mill hath 
lately been most illegally and injuriously erected, 
without any Liberty from the State ; and hath been 



the means *not only of stopping the course of the 
Fishy but hath been the means of cuttmg up great 
quantities of White-Oak, and other choice Timber, 
which grew upon such Estate, which is called Wor- 
Foamontogus ; and all this without any Acknowledge- 
ment or Benefit whatever, to this Commonwealth for 
the same.'' He adds, that his father's stock of 
medicines, houses, and vessels, and other property, 
amounting in all to more than $12,000, have been 
confiscated, property which he ought to own, and 
ho continues, << although ' the Father hath eaten 
sour Grapes, yet your Petitioner's Teeth have not 
been set on edge^' that his political opinions and 
actions have been and are, in total, the very reverse 
of his said Father's ; yoiu* Petitioner with all Humili- 
ty throws Himself at the Feet of this August Court, 
most humbly and submissively appealing to your 
Wisdom, your Justice, your Humanity, whether he 
ought in any shape, further to bear, suffer, or be visit- 
ed for the political sins and offences of his said 

Depositions* were made on this petition, from 
which it was ascertained that John Gardiner was a 
warm and ardent whig, and that he lost all chance 
for promotion in the West Indies for that reason, and 
that he cheerfully befriended all Americans who were 
brought to the Island as prisoners. A committee 
appointed for the purpose reported that the papers, 
d^c, be filed, and await the action of Congress. 

Feb. 13, 1784, John Gardiner, his wife Margaret, 
and their children, Ann, John Silvester John, and 
William, were naturalized.f 

His daughter Ann married James Lithgow. Mr. 
Gardiner rendered himself famous by his efforts to 
abolish special pleading, a movement which some 

* Mass, Archive3. t Ibid. 



fifty years after was successful. He was an ardent 
reformer, and an active Unitarian, and was the prin- 
cipal agent in transforming the old King's Chapel, 
or Stone Chapel, into a Unitarian Church. He was 
much celebrated for his uncompromising opposition 
to the Athanasian creed.* He also wrote an able 
treatise in defence of the theatre. He removed to 
Pownalborough and represented that town in Gener- 
al Court, from 1789 until his death, which took place 
in 1793-4. He was drowned by the loss of a packet 
in which he was sailing -to Boston to attend the 
session of the Legislature. 

John Gardinerf had a son, John Sylvester John, 
who became an able theological and political writer. 
He was born in Wales in 1765, and was educated 
until he was eighteen, by Dr. Parr. He was rector 
of Trinity church, Boston, from 1805, until he died, 
at Harrowgate Springs, England, in 1830, while 
traveling for his health. He published eleven ser- 
mons. He left one son, William H. an eminent 
Boston lawyer, and two daughters, Louisa, who 
married John Cushing of Watertown, and Eliz- 

William Gardiner, a son of Sylvester, removed to 
Gardinerston, soon after the settlement commenced. 
He usually employed a housekeeper, and was con- 
tinually receiving company, which came to enjoy 
the advantages of hunting and fishing, which the 
place afforded. 

On the flight of Dr. Gardiner, William produced a 
deedj running from his father to himself, conveying 
the estates in Pittston. When the action on the- part 
of the Commonwealth was brought, and he saw that 
the lands would inevitably be confiscated, this deed 
was produced. On calling the witness whose name 

* Frederic AUen, Esq. t Updike. % F. Allen, Esq. 


was attached, to attest the signature, he declared that 
he was not a witness to the signing, nor was the 
signature his, but that William Gardiner had told 
him that he had such a deed, and that he should 
thus hold possession of the property. It was un- 
doubtedly a resort to avoid the loss of so valuable 
an estate by confiscation. 

He gave " Purgatory" its questionable name. He 
had on one occasion been on a hunting excursion to 
Litchfield, and camping out in the vicinity of Pur- 
gatory, was badly bitten by the black flies, midges 
and "no-see-ems," as the Indians termed them, 
which then abounded. On his return, he was asked 
where he had been, and he replied to Purgatory. 
The name was immediately caught up, and such has 
been the title of the locality since.* 

Mr. Gardiner seems to have been a practical joker. 
He very much alarmed the people on one occasion, 
by manufacturing thunder and lightning on a plan 
entirely original. He laid a light train of gunpow- 
der in each of the entries, rooms, and on each flight 
of stairs, in the Great House, and then commenced 
rolling a heavy cannon ball across one of the floors. 
The night was dark, and as the people went out to 
examine into the cause of the unwonted noise, he 
lighted the powder, and every room was filled with 
lightning. He was much delighted by the astonish- 
ment of the wondering people, who declared that 
they saw the lightning leaping from room to room, 
when it was no where else.f 

Wm. Gardiner had the Cabbasa estate bequeathed 
to him ; he died intestate. 

Another descendant of Dr. Gardiner, Mrs. Allen, 
daughter of Oliver Whipple, and wife of Frederic 
Allen, Esq., deserves most honorable mention in these 

♦ Moses Spnnger, Jr. f Ibid, and \\>\»X\iWi T^W^XXa. 


pages. Sbe was a woman of rare endowments of 
mind, and of superior culture and attainments. Her 
chief study and delight was the science of geology 
and its collaterals mineralogy, conchology, &c. She 
found many rare relics of other eras, and attracted 
the attention and applause of the most scientific men 
of the age. In t-he mounds in our rtcinity she found 
seaweed, shells of extinct species, the tooth of a wal- 
rus and one of a bison, and other remains, which de- 
monstrated that the arctic seas once flowed over this 
country. Her cabinet is replete with curiosities of 
this description, while her correspondents were such 
men as Aggasiz, Lyell, Buckland, Silliman, and oth- 
ers of the most scientific men in Europe and Amer- 
ica. Her cabinet, and that of her deceased son-in-law, 
Dr. Gay, which is now iu the mansion of Frederic 
Allen, Esq, are probably seldom equaled for the num- 
ber and value of their gems, shells, minerals, etc. 
Many of the shells were found in the clay-banks 
which abound in Gardiner, and most of them were 
imbedded some fifteen feet below the surface. The 
family yet possesses the portrait of Mrs. Gar- 
diner, and until recently had that of the Doctor, botli 
of which were painted by Copley, father of Lord 
Lyndhurst, who was a refugee, and an excellent artist. 
Mrs. Allen was author of a fine poetical work, 
learned, and skilfully wrought, consisting of 400 lines, 
and notes, amounting to 34 pages, entitled, " A Poet- 
ical Geognosy, by Mrs. H. B. Allen. Boston, C. C. 
Little and James Brown, mdcccxli." — and other 
poems. Her maiden sister, Miss Anne Whipple, is a 
writer of uncommon talent for verse, as is her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Eleanor Gay, who has published a volume 
of 79 pages, entitled " The Siege of Agrigentum, 
a Poem." 


Db. SYLVESTER GARDINER,* b. 1707 ; d. 1786 ; m. Anne 
Gibbons, daughter of Dr. Gibbons, and had six children ; 2d wife, 

JSppes ; 3d wife, Catharine Goldthwaite. Children, 

I. John, b. 1731 ; m. Margaret Harris of South Wales ; d. 
1793. Children, J, Anne, m. James X. lithgow. 2, Rev. Dr. 
John Sylvester John, m. Mary Howard. 3, William, m. ■ 

Downer. Grandchildren of John, — Children of James N. and 
Aime Lithgow, 1, Alfred. 2, Llewellyn. 3, Louisa, m. ■ 

Williams. — Children of John S. J. and Mary Gardiner, 1, Wil- 
liam Howard, m. Caroline Perkins. 2, Elizabeth, d. single. 3, 
Louisa, m. John Cushing of Watertown. — Children of William, 
1, George. 2, Margaret, m. Rev. Thomas, Fales. 3, Mary Ann, 

m. Elder. 

n. William, lived and d. in Gardiner, unm. and intestate, and 
is buried beneath the Episcopal vestry. 

TTT. Anne, m. John Brown, second son of the Earl of Alta- 
mont ; his brother. Earl of Altamont, became Marquis of Sligo. 
Children, 1, John, m. Lord Howe's daughter. 2, James. 3, an- 
other son. 4, Ann. 5, Louisa. 

rV. Hannah, m. Robert Hallowell. Children, 1 & 2, Hannah 
amd Anne, who d. single. 3, Robert, who took the name of 
Gardiner. Robert Hallowell Gardiner, m. Emma J. Tudor. Chil- 
dren of Robert H. and Emma J. Gardiner, 1, Emma J., b. March 
29, 1806; d. unm. 2, Anne Hallowell, b. Dec. 5, 1807; m. 
Prancis Richards. 3, Robert Hallowell, b. Nov 3, 1809 ; m. S. 
Penwick Jones. 4, Delia T., b. June 16, 1812; m. George Jones. 
6, Lucy Yaughan, b. Dec. 10, 1814 ; d. imm. 6, John William 
Tudor, b. June 5, 1817, imm. 7, Henrietta, b. March, 1820 ; m. 
Richard Sullivan, Jr. 8, Rev. Frederic, b. Sept. 11, 1822; m. 
Caroline Yaughan. 9, Eleanor Harriet, b. July 16, 1825. — Grand-' 
ehUdrwi ((f- Robert H. and Emma J, Gardiner t and descendants in 
the fifth generation from Dr. Sylvester Gardiner. — Children of 
Prancis and Anne H. Richards', 1, Francis G. 2, Sarah. 3, 
John T. 4, George. 5, Robert H. 6, Henry. — Children of Rev. 
Frederic and Caroline Gardiner, 1, Emma Jane. 

Y. Rebecca, m. Philip Dumarisque. Children, 1, Gapt. 
Philip, in the British Navy. 2, James, m. Sarah Farwell, of 
Yassalboro*. 3, Frances, a physician in Jamaica. 4, Rebecca, 
twice married. — Grandchildren of Philip and Rebecca Dumarisque, — 
Children of James and Sarah Dumarisque, 1, Frances, m. T. H. 
Perkins, Jr. 2, Loaisa J., m. J. Blake. 3, Philip, m. Margaret 
Deblois, of Boston. 

VI. Abigail, m. Oliver Whipple of Cumberland, R. I., after- 
wards a lawyer in Portsmouth, N. H. He published a poem 
dedicated to Pres. John Adams. Children, 1, Sylvester G., d. 
without issue. 2, Hannah B.« m. Frederic Allen, Esq. 3, Anne, 
single. — Grandchildren of Oliver and Abigail Whipple, — Children 

• Updike's Hist. Nar. Ch. R. H. Gardiner^ Easv T^x^'etvi 
Allen, Eaq. 


of Fredsric and Hannali B. Allen, 1, Charles K 2, Hannah* 3, 
Eleanor A., m. Martin Gay, M. D. late of Boston. 4, Augustus O. 
— Grandchild of Frederic and Hannah B. Allen, Martin, son 
of Martin and Eleanor A. Gay, b. 1849, a descendant in the fifth 
generation from. Dr. Sylvester Gardiner. 

Rev. Frederic Gardiner has published a Religious 
Allegory, entitled the ** Island of Life." 

Having given these few facts in the family of Dr. 
Sylvester Gardiner, we now return to the process of 

JOHN BAILEY, about this time, lived in Pittston, hut his 
descendants are mostly in Alna and Wliitefield, Children, 1, Mar- 
garet, b. Feb. 24, 1777, 2, Nathan, b. Aug. 7, 1781 ; m. Betsey 
Boynton. 3, Mary, b. July 25, 1782. 4, Thomas, b. Feb. 16, 
1784. 6, Sarah, b. Feb. 14, 1786. 6, Eleanor, b. Dec 18, 1790; 
in. Henry Cooper, 1809. 7, Micajah, b. March 27, 1792. 8, John, 
b. April 9, 1795. 9, Hannah, b. Aug. 25, 1797. 10, Eliza, b. 
July 30, 1799. 11, Susan, b. Sept. la, 1801. 

David liawrence* came from Littleton, in 1768. 
He purchased a farm of Hancock, and commenced 
a clearing immediately, where now his son, Charles 
Lawrence, resides. 

DAVID LAWRENCE, b. Littleton, Jan. 26, 1743; m. Eli/^-- 
beth Eastman, 1768 ; Sarah Clark, March 6, 1791 ; Hannah Clark, 
AprU 12, 1795 ; Lucy Troop, 1803. Sarah, cL Feb. 5, 1795; Han- 
nah, d. March 30, 1801. First wi£e b. June 20, 1749 ; d. August 
13, 1790. Children, 

I. David, b. Pittston, Feb. 12, 1769. 

H. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 11, 1770; m. Isaac Leighton, Chil- 
dren, 1, David, m. Charlotte Bowdoin, 6 children. 2, Lucy, m. 

Flanders, 4 children. 3, Edward, m. Mary Smith, 4 children. 

4, Elizabeth, m. Peter Waitt, 3 children. 5, Beiijajnin, m. Lucy 
Luce, 7 children. 6, Mary, m, Silas Leighton, 1 child. 7 Great- 
grand-children of Isaac and Elizabeth. 

in. Benjamin, b. Nov. 27, 1772. 

rV. Simeon, b. Jan. 10, 1775 ; d. March 9, 1779 ; killed by the 
fall of a billet of wood. 

V. Edwakd, b, Jan. 19, 1778 ; m. AbigaU Wells, 1801- Chil- 
dren, 1, Edward, m. Caroline Stevens; 7 children. 2, Daniel, m. 
Sophia DewcU; 3 children. 3, Benjamin, m. Mary A. Felker ; 2 

* Furnished by Charles Lawrence, 'James Tarbox, Jr., Lincoln 
Records, etc. 

srrTLKiacNT and incorporation. 107 

children. 4, Lucy, m. Gould. 5, Washington, m. Mary 

Crowell ; 5 children. 6, Cordelia, m. J. Marson ; 8 children. 7, 
David, b. Jan. 25, 1818 ; m. Elizabeth Colbnm ; 1 child. 8, Frank- 
lin, b. July 3, 1820; m. Mary Averill; 1 child. 9, Lavina, b. 
Sept. 10, 1822 ; m. Geo. Nichols ; 2 Children. 

VL Lucy, b. Feb. 1, 1780 ; m. William Luce, 1800. Children, 
1, Eliza, m. Samuel Eastman; had 11 children. 2, Lucy, m. Ben- 
jamin Leighton. 

YIL Sdceon, b. Sept. 13, 1783 ; m. Mary Stevens; 8 children; 
1, Simeon, b. Nov. 19, 1805 ; d. 2, David, b. Sept. 7, 1807 ; d. 
3, John, b. Dec. 5, 1809; d. 4, William, b. Jan. 19, 1811; m. 
Sarah Faning; 2 children. 5, Joseph K. b. Nov. 28, 1814; m. 
Hannah Jackms; 3 children. 6, Elizabeth b. March 5, 1816; m. 
Hiram Libbey; 2 children. 7, David, b. Sept. 14, 1817; m. 
Khoda Fisher ; 1 child. 8, Mary, b. Aug. 8, 1819 ; m. James 
Witham ; 7 children. 9, David, b. May 24, 1823. There are 25 ^ 

Children of second wife : — 

Vm. Sarah, b. Nov. 3, 1791 ; m. James Jakins, 1810 ; 12 chil- 
dren ; 1, Hannah, m. Joseph Lawrence. 2, Charles, m. Nancy 
Niles ; 4 children. 3, Thomas, m. Hannah Waitt ; other children. 
IX. Charles, b. Feb. 18, 1793; m. Eleanor Morrill ; 11 chil- 
dren ; 1, Dolly, m. James Tarbox, Jr. ; 1 chilcl. 2, Drusilla, m. 
Franklin McGowan ; 1 child. 3, Hiram, m. Elizabeth Capen ; 1 

X. & XI. James and William, b. Feb. 5, 1795. James m. 
Susan Leighton ; 3 children. 1, Elizabeth, b. September 15, 1828. 
William m. Mary Luce ; 7 children. 1, Augustus, m. Almatia 
Richardson. 2, EHas, m. Hannah Curtis ; 1 child. 

Children of third wife : — 

Xn. Hannah, b. July 31, 1796 ; m. James Costellow ; 2d hus. 
Samuel Hodgdon. Children, 1, Edward, m. Emily Smith ; 2 chil- 
dren. 2, Joseph, m. Mary Ann Kamsdell; 2 children. 3, Benja- 
min, m. Jerusha Thomas, 1 child. 

Xni. Isaac, b. Nov. 26, 1797 ; m. Phebe Dole ; 8 children ; 1, 
Cordelia, b. Feb. 20, 1825 ; m. Ira Carlisle, 1 child. 2, Harriet, b. 
Aug. 3, 1826. 3. Franklin Gustavus, b. Dec. 26, 1828. 

XrV. Mary, b. Feb. 9, 1801 ; m. Peter Waitt ; 6 children ; 1, 
Hannah, b. Feb. 7, 1823 ; m. Thomas Jackins. 2, Geo. Washing- 
ton, b. Oct. 14, 1824 ; m. Mary Webber ; 1 child. 3, Charles 
Wesley, b. July 25, 1824. 4, Joseph, b. Nov. 2, 1828. 

Joseph Tarbox,* a descendant of a French Hugue- 
not family, who spelled its name Tabeaux, was 
married in Boston, about the year 1742, to Mary Bel- it 
cher, and removed to Biddeford, on the Saco, and 

j^. * Samuel Belcher Tarbox, Esq. - g 


settled near the Pool, at the mouth of the river. He 
raised a large family. 

Eleazar, one of his sons, left for the Kennebec, 
and arrived at Gardinerston, Oct. 24, 1774, and com- 
menced lumbering and trading. March 4, 1781, he 
married Phebe Stackpole, daughter of James Stack- 
pole, who emigrated from the same place, at the same 
time. In 1781, he purchased four settlers' lots of 
William Barker, and raised seven sons and two 

Three of the sons, Samuel B., Nathaniel and Wil- 
liam, and one daughter, Mary, now live at the home- 
stead. Eleazar died in 1832, aged 80 years and 5 
months, and Phebe, his wife, died April 2, 1851, 
aged 92 years and 13 days. They are both buried 
on the soil on which one lived fifty-one, and the 
other seventy years. 

ELEAZAR TARBOX,* b. Biddeford, 1762 ; m. Phoebe Stack- 
pole, March 4, 1781; d. 1832; she b. 1759; d. April 2, 1851. 

I. Joseph, b. Nov. 12, 1781 ; d. March, 1804. 
n. James, b. March 21, 1784 ; m. Alice Moore, Jan. 3, 
1814. Children, 1, DeUa B., b. Nov. 22, 1814; m. G. E. Smith, 
April 10, 1836. 2, Mary Louisa, b. Aug. 28, 1816. 3, James, 
Jr., b. Dec. 11, 1818 ; d. Dec. 23, 1818. 4, Julia S., b. April, 1820; 
m. William W. Bradstreet, Jan. 12, 1848. 5, Frances E., b. March 
7, 1822 ; m. Roland Fisher, Oct. 25, 1842. 6, James, Jr., b. May 
5, 1824 ; m. Dolly M. Lawrence, Jan. 25, 1849. 7, Caroline H., 
b. Oct. 28, 1827. 8, George, b. Jan. 8, 1829. 

III. Zaghabiah, b. April 7, 1786; d. Aug. 7, 1817. 

IV. Nathaniel, b. Oct. 12, 1788. 

V. Samuel Belcher, b. May 15, 1791. 

VI. Eleazar, b. April 17, 1794 ; m. Margaret C. Rollins, 
March 11, 1834. ChUdren, 1, Anna Maria, b. June 2, 1837. 2, 
John E. G. b. April 24, 1843. 
VII. Mary, b. Aug. 1796. 

VIII. Julia, b. Nov. 13, 1799 ; m. Franklin Glazier, of Hallo- 
well, Dec. 18, 1823 ; he b. April, 1799. Children, 1, Franklin, b. 
April 4, 1825 ; m. Emma J. G. Swan, March 26, 1849. 2, William 
Belcher, b. June 26, 1827. 3, John, b. Nov. 9, 1830 ; d. March 5, 

♦ S. B. Taibox, Ea(^. 



1642. 4, Julia Mary, b. Oct. 26, 1832. 6, Louisa Tarbox, b. Oct. 
1, 1837. 6, Eleanor Lucy, b. May 19, 1842. 
IX. William, b. January 10, 1804. 

Fourth Generation, 

Samuel Belcher Glazier, son of Franklin Jr., and Enuna, b. Jan. 
20, 1850. Wallace Tarbox, son of James Jr., and Dolly M. b. 
Jan. 24, 1850. 

James Stackpole kept the Great House, but at 
length removed to Waterville. 

JAMES STACKPOLE, b. Nov. 14, 1732; m. Abiel Hill; she b. 
April 29, 1737 ; came here in 1774. They were both bom in 
Biddeford. Children, 

^ L Hannah, b. Sept. 19, 1755 ; m. Andrew Goodwin ; d. 
Not. 7, 1791. 

n. Joseph, b. Feb. 13, 1757; m. Hannah Town; d. Nov. 
13, 1782. 

m. Phebe, b. March 20, 1759 ; m. Eleazar Tarbox. (See 

IV. Samuel, b. May 1, 1761 ; m. Polly Spencer. 
V. Eunice, b. May 7, 1763 ; m. Ephraim Low. 
VI. Abiel, b. May 4, 1765 ; m. Henry McCausland; d, 1843. 

VII. Sarah, b. July 12, 1767; m. Wyman; d. Dec. 

25, 1801. 

Vm. James, b. May 28, 1769 ; m. Mary McKechnie ; lives in 

IX. Mabt Anne, b. Feb. 10, 1772 ; m. Charles Dingley. 
X. Elizabeth, b. July 13, 1776; d. 1787, drowned. 
XI. John, b. Dec. 11, 1779 ; m. Patty Ellis. 
XII. JoTHAM, b. Oct. 11, 1781; m. 

James' father, Dea. John Stackpole, d. Dec. 28, 1796, aged 89. 
His mother, Bethiah, d. Jxme 28, 1785, aged 76. 

"The* winter of 1774-5 was remarkable for its 
mildness. In the journal of Rev. Thomas Smith of 
Falmouth, are the following entries : Jan. 23, 
1775, very moderate weather ; 27th, a summer day ; 
28th, wonderful weather ; Feb. 7th, there has been 
no snow and little rain since the 29th of Dec. ; we 
saw two robins ; 11th, warm day ; 18th, cold ; 20th, 
snow, incomparable sledding ; 21st, a summer day ; 
23d, a great snow storm. March 7th, the frost 

* Annals of "Warren. 


seems out of the ground in the streets ; 88tb, it has 
been a wonder of a winter ; so moderate and un- 

In 1774-7, Dr. Robert Taggart and his brother 
John, settled about two miles from the river, where 
it does not appear that the Doctor had much prac- 
tice ; at any rate he did not have a very good loca- 
tion. On one occasion the brother was at work in 
the woods with his axe when he was attacked by a 
pack of wolves. He leaned his back against a tree, 
and fought them so long and so well, and laid so 
many of them dead around him that the rest retreat- 
ed. Dr. Taggart died July 29, 1823. John married 
Sarah McLellan.* Both lived on the eastern side. 

Dr. Taggart was favored with quite a practice at 
one time. He had one unfailing remedy in some 
cases.f When ordinary means of cure failed, he 
would cause a black cat to be flayed and would wrap 
his patient in the reeking skin. He was willing to 
insure a cure after that was done. 

William Barker from Lancashire, England.^ reach- 
ed this country about the year 1774, and tarried a 
short time in Salem, Massachusetts, and in Phipps- 
burg, and arrived in Pittston, in 1775. He bought 
fifteen acres of land just below the village of Gardi- 
ner, April 18, 1776. He went to Dresden in 1778, 
and remained until 1780, when he returned to Pitts- 
ton, and settled and kept a store near William B. 
Grant's. He bought one acre of land of Nath'l 
Brown, together with a house and store, Oct. 18, 

His store was in the gully and was kept by a Scotch- 
man named Kidgeton, who left his property with Mr. 

* Elijah Jackson. f Rufus Gay, Esq. 

X Mrs. Lord. Mrs. Grant. R. Gay, Esq. AYiscasset Records. 


Barker on the commencement of the Revolution, and 
went into the British dominions. 

He owned the land now owned by Arthur Berry, 
John Dennis, Mrs. C. Tarbell, &c., and kept a store 
until 1814. He died, August 6, 1822. Mr. Barker 
was unfavorable to the movement of the colonists, 
and when Arnold went up, he refused to sell nails to 
make the batteaux, without double price. It is re- 
lated that some of the soldiers broke into hi? store in 
the night, and took what nails they wanted without 
any consideration. Several anecdotes are related of 
him, which not only show that he was in favor of 
his King, but also that the whigs of the Revolution 
had sometimes the disposition to resort to Lynch 
law. At one time Mr. Eleazar Tarbox took a bat- 
teau belonging to Mr. Barker, and went down river 
on an errand connected with the public service. He 
returned and restored the boat to its former place, 
but when the two gentlemen balanced accounts, some 
years after, Mr. Tarbox was made debtor to one bat- 
teau. On another occasion when Mr. Barker refused 
to sell a barrel of flour for what the colonists thought 
they ought to give, they broke open his store in the 
night, and helped themselves. The • tories of this 
vicinity were so exposed in a variety of ways, that 
it seems to have required at least as much fortitude 
to be a tory as it did to be a whig. 

WILLIAM BARKER,* b. Lancashire, Eng. 1734; m. Dorothy 
Cooper in Eng., 1771; d. Aug. d, 1822; she d. April 2, 1814. 

I. Nancy, b. April 13, 1772 ; m. Peter Grant, 1791 ; (See 
Grant Geneal.) 

n. Elizabeth, b. Pittston, Sept. 29, 1779 ; m. Joshua Lord ; 
he b. Berwick, 1766 ; d. Oct. 14, 1838 ; no Children. 

At this time the troubles of the Revolution began 
to demand the means of defence against British ag- 

♦ Mrs, Lord. Mrs. Oiaxit, 


gression, possessed by the people, but so poor were 
the early settlers of Pittston, that they were unable to 
furnish their part. They manifested their good will, 
as will be seen by the following document, found in 
the State Archives in Boston. They wish to give 
their proportion, and ask that it may be charged to 
the Plantation. 

** Gardinerston, June ISth, 1775. 
«' The Petition* of the Committee of Safety of this Plantation. 
«* To the President and other Members of the Provincial Con- 
gress of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, assembled at 
Watertown in s'd Province : — 

«* Humbly Sheweth, that Whereas your Petitioners liave formed 
themselves into a body, and Complyed with the Kesolves and 
orders of the Congress, and appointed Committees of Safety, Cor- 
respondence and Inspection,^ and as a Committee of Safety, liaye 
Exerted ourselves to the utmost of our power in order to obtain 
such a Quantity of powder as is necessary in our present situation, 
but can obtain none, — We now implore your assistance, in our 
Infant and defenceless state. It's with, pain we Give you This 
Trouble, when we know how much business of Vast Consequence 
you have on your hands. But Necessity Obliges us, humbly 
hop*g you will Grant us what powder you think needful for us 
at this Time, out of the Colony Stock, and Charge it to this plant- 
ation. And your Petitioners shall ever pray," &c. 

«* William Gardinbb,^ Committee 
Reuben Colbubn, I ™^"«e 
Henky Smith, [ o^^^ » 

Samuel Oakman, J ^' 

In July 1775,f the settlers were much interested 
and delighted by the appearance of a large band of 
northern Indians who made Cabbassa their rendez- 
vous for a short time. They were under the com- 
mand of the sachem Swashan, and the white chief, 
Paul Higgins, who had lived so long with them that 
he was in all respects like them. They all had 
their war-dresses and paint, and were ready to wreak 
their old grudge against the English by joining the 
Americans. Major Reuben Colburn was rejoiced at 
the idea, supposing that they would afford much aid, 

♦ Massachusetts Archives. 
t Abiathar Tibbetts. Drake's Book oi tV© Ixi^aasA^ 


especially should there be any invasion of the Can- 
adas. They numbered about 30, in all, and they 
left Cabbassa for Cambridge about the first of Au- 
gust, under the guidance and general command of 
Reuben Colbum. Their squaws rowed them down 
to Merry-meeting Bay, where they were left, and the 
warriors proceeded on foot for Cambridge, at which 
place they arrived Aug. 13. They offered their 
services to Washington, who treated them civilly, 
but would not employ their savage and unscrupulous 
aid. The Indians of Maine and Canada were gen- 
erally in favor of the Americans, but it does not 
appear that they were ever employed, except as 
guides and scouts, and that rarely. 

The few scattered settlers who in that early day 
dwelt on the banks of the Kennebec were startled by 
an appearance as sudden as it was unusual. The 
solitudes were peopled with strange sounds, as the 
array of war appeared. Arnold's expedition, as it 
was called, came up the river, on its way to duebec. 
It was a great event then, and the enterprise must 
always be regarded as one of the most brilliant of 
the American Revolution. General Dearborn fur- 
nished the following account of the detachmerit : — 

" The Corps destined for the Expedition to due- 
bee, marched from Cambridge on the 13th of Sept. 
1775. They consisted of two battalions of infantry 
of five companies each, and three companies of rifle- 
men, one from Virginia and two from Pennsylvania, 
amounting in all to eleven hundred men. 

*'The officers were as follows: — Jst Bat. Lieut. 
Col. Roger Enos, of Conn. ; Major Return John 
Meigs, of Conn. ; Captains Thomas Williams, Henry 

Dearborn, Scott, Oliver Hanchet and William 


" 2d Bat. Lieut. Col. Christopher Green, of Rhode 
Island ; Major Timothy Bigelow of Mass, \ Ca^taviva 



Samuel Ward, Simeon Thayer, McCobb, John 

Upham and Jonathan Hubbard. 

"Rifle Captains : — Morgan of Vii^inia ; Smith and 
Kendrick of Pennsylvania. 

" There were several young gentlemen who ac- 
companied the expedition as volunteers. Mr. Ogden 
of New Jersey, who became a Colonel in the Revo- 
lutionary army, Aaron Burr, afterwards a Colonel, 
and Vice President of the tFnited States. Oswald, 
afterwards a Colonel of Artillery, Lieut. Frehegan, 
a Danish ofiicer, afterwards Colonel, John McGeyer 
and Charles Potterfield of Virginia, and the Rev. Mr. 
Spring of Newburyport, chaplain, and Dr. Senter 
of Rhode Island, surgeon. 

" The army reached Newburyport on the 16th of 
September; embarked on the 18th, in vessels, and 
sailed on the 19th ; entered Kennebec river the 20th, 
and passed up to Gardiner's Town, being that part of 
Pittston where Col. Colburri lived, about two miles 
below Gardiner, where the boats were built for trans- 
porting the troops up the river, from above tide 
water. Col. Colburn built the boats and never was 
paid for them, nor have his heirs been, although they 
have repeatedly petitioned Congress.* 

" On the 23d, the vessels reached fort Western, 
now Augusta. At that place half of the troops, 
with the provisions and ammunition were put into the 
batteaux, and the remainder marched on the bank of 
the river. On the 24th, they arrived at fort Halifax, 
nearly opposite Waterville. The batteaux, provis- 
ions and ammunition, were transported over the 
carrying-place at Taconic falls, by the soldiers, where 
they encamped. Arrived at Skowhegan falls October 
the third, and crossed a carrying-place of sixty rods. 
The batteaux were there repaired, then they proceed- 

Thoy were built at Agry's Point. 


ed up the river to Norridgewock falls, where they 
arrived the 4th. Passed the carrying-place and ad* 
▼anced up the river the 6th. Arrived at Earritunk 
falls on the 8th. Transported the boats, &c., &c., 
over the carrying-place of ninety-five rods, and ad- 
vanced up the river three miles. On the 10th, ar- 
rived at the great carrying-place, and transported the 
boats and their contents of provisions and ammunition 
to a pond, four miles. A blockhouse was built at 
the great carrying-place. On the 12th, the w];^ole 
force marched over the great carrying-place ; crossed 
the pond and came to a carrying-place of half a mile 
where another blockhouse was erected, and a few 
sick men left there under the care of Dr. Erving. 
Thus the army proceeded from pond to pond, and 
thence to Dead river. On the 16th, passed up the 
river ten miles, to a carrying-place, crossed it and 
encamped. On the 17th, moved up the river 15 
miles and proceeded in the boats until the 26th; 
then through a succession of ponds and portages to 
within four miles of Chaudiere river, where the 
boats were left. At that place intelligence was re- 
ceived, that Col. Enos who commanded the rear 
division, consisting of McCobb's, Williams' and 
Scott's companies, had returned down the river ^ and 
thus abandoned the expedition, 

•* The army descended on the bank of the Chau- 
diere river, to Point Levi, opposite Quebec, where it 
arrived on the 4th of November." 

The result is in history. This desperate enterprise 
failed. Though forty-five days' provisions were 
taken, the horrors of a northern winter obliged them 
to eat dogs, moose-skin garments, moccasins, bayo- 
net belts and other articles to save life. The greatest 
destitution was in the army. 

The advance of the troops, it has been seen, was 
at Pittston on the 21st. They remained there, near 
the ship-yard of Maj. Colburn, until their batteaux 


were ready. On the evening of the 22d, Maj. Meigs 
lodged at Mr. North's.* Maj. Colburn, James and 
Daniel Tibbetts, Jarnes P. Evans and others from 
Gardinerston went up with the expedition. 

So much of Dr. Senter's journal,t as relates to 
Pittston is here subjoined. 

*< Friday, 22d. No extraordinary occurrence this 
day, except our pilots running us on the shoals, 
which detained us a considerable time. Passed 
through a very narrow part of the river, which was 
very rapid, called Hell Gate. Passed Pownalborough 
ere we arrived at Gardiner's town, where a number 
of battoes were preparing for our reception, after 
the transports became useless. These were not quite 
finished. Came to an anchor, where we tarried till 
the remainder of the transports came up. Two of 
whicli were drove to leeward down to Sheeps-Gup 
river, so called, and came up to us by way of Towns- 
end. The Broad Bay now weighed, and proceeded 
up to fort Western, leaving a number of men behind 
to bring up the batteaux. 

" Saturday, 23d. Wind being unfavorable, we 
were not able to arrive at fort Western last evening. 
This morning I quitted the Broad Bay, and proceed- 
ed up the river by land. The distance being only 
five miles to fort Western, though most of the way 
was destitute of any road. Arrived at fort Western 
at 10 o'clock in the morning. We were now coming 
to a rapid in the river, beyond which our transports 
could not pass, nor could they all get up as far as 
this. Most of them were left at Garden's town, 
where the batteaux were built and the troops disem- 
barked from them into the batteaux, except those 
who were obliged to take land carriage. The bat- 

* Allen's His. Arnold's Ex. — Th.e old Post Office building. 
t Jour, of Isaac Senter, physician ^nd auxgeon, &c. 1776. 


teaux were made of green pine boards, which ren- 
dered them somewhat heavy. The troops were now 
coming up to this place fast, with the batteaux, 
provisions, &c. Head Quarters were at Esq. How- 
ard's, an exceeding hospitable, opulent, polite family. 

" Sunday, 24th. Early this morning was called 
to attend a wounded soldier, who was shot through 
the body last night, by a malicious fellow belonging 
to the army. The hemorrage was great inwardly, 
which soon occasioned his death. From the mouth 
of Cennebec river to fort Western, 46 computed 

" Monday, 25th. This morning search being made 
for the fellow who was imagined to be the mur- 
derer, found and condemned by a court martial to 

This man's name was James McCormick, and he 
was turned out of a house, for being quarrelsome, 
and he fired into it, and killed Reuben Bishop. This 
occurrence must have taken place between Maj. Col- 
burn's and Augusta. The murderer was described by 
Gen. Arnold as a peaceable fellow, and he strongly 
recommended him to the clemency of General Wash- 

James Winslow carried his quaker principles with 
him, and refused to serve in the Revolution ; and 
Jonathan was once drafted, and escaped serving, 
offering as a reason, that he was educated a duaker.f 
James always took occasion to speak against the 
efforts of the Americans, though he and his son Jon- 
athan made fifty paddles for Arnold's expedition.J 
He used every effort to dissuade the men of the 
town from entering the contest against England, 
which he declared was foolhardiness. When Arnold 

♦ Arnold's letters, Maine Hist. Col. vol. 1, p. 357. 
t Mrs. Lyon. J Ibid. 


passed up the river, many of his soldiers wore on 
their caps the motto, " Liberty or Death," and Wins- 
low said, " you'll all get the latter."* Without 
being exactly a tory, he was evidently a prudent, 
careful man, who thought it not best to strive against 
so formidable an adversary 'as Great Britain. He 
had " rather bear the ills we have, than fly to others 
that we kngw not of." He did not object to the 
drafting of Jonathan, but the tears of the mother 
caused the boy to ofier his plea of being a quaker. 

The greatest fear and consternation filled the 
hearts of the people of this town throughout the 
Revolution. It was constantly reported and believed 
that the Indians of the north were being enticed 
into the English interest, and that they would short- 
ly fall upon the almost defenceless settlements, and 
massacre the people without mercy. Not a night 
came without bringing these fears, and the poor set- 
tlers were thus in constant trepidation. A military 
company was organized, ammunition and arms were 
kept in constant readiness, and the people resolved 
to do the best they could, if attacked. Happily, 
however, their fears were groundless. 

It was about this time that the project of incor- 
porating the plantation into a town was started, and 
though the people were poor and few, a commenda- 
ble zeal was manifested, until the object was accom- 

Mrs. Lyon. 




Though the troubles of the Revolution, prevented 
such growth and prosperity as would otherwise have 
been, yet the people commenced talking in reference 
to a town as early as 1776. 

At Jhis time there was scarcely a dissenting voice 
to the almost unanimous Republican feeling in Pitts- 
ton. Justice North was the leading man of the 
town, and he was an ardent, uncompromising Whig, 
and the people generally joined him. William Bar- 
ker was opposed to the revolution, at heart, though 
he did not often openly join the king's interest. 
Pitch, who built the mills and dam, was so violent 
that he was obliged to leave the country precipitately, 
and Pollard went with him. William Gardiner, 
who seems not- always to have enjoyed an unclouded 
reason, though at first he was inclined to the Re- 
publican cause, imbibed the bitterness and inflexi- 
bility of his father. 

The citizens erected a tall Liberty Pole, in front 
of the Great House,* and this was their rendezvous 
whenever they wished to assemble. When the tea 
was destroyed in Boston Harbor, the anti-tea feeling 
took possession of men, maids and matrons, and 
they were caused individually to approach the spot 
consecrated to Freedom, and placing the right hand 
on the tall staff", were made to swear solemnly that 

Abiathar Tibbette. 


they would not buy, sell, give, drink, eat, or taste any 
tea, and that they would be true to the American 
cause. So far as the tea was concerned, this oath 
was religiously kept, and no tea was ever used — in 

William Gardiner would drink tea — would not 
swear allegiance to the Whig cause, but openly 
reprobated the rebels, and declared for the "good 
old cause." The indignation of the people was 
thus aroused, and preparations were made to tar 
and feather him. A large canvas was spread with 
tar, the feathers were collected, and all things were 
in readiness at nightfall, and in the night he was to 
be taken from his bed, and the act was to be perpe- 
trated. He received news of the intentions of the 
people, however, and Capt. Nathaniel Berry, a good 
Whig, but a friend to Mr. Gardiner, came to him 
and paddled him up the Cabbassacoutee, and piloted 
him to the pond, on the shores of which they staid 
one night, and then went to Topsham. There Mr. 
Gardiner was taken prisoner, and carried to Pownal- 
boro', where he had his trial, and was sent to Boston 
and kept awhile in jail.* 

March 15, 1*778, Mr. Wm. Gardiner sent in a 
petition, praying that he might be relieved, and that 
his trial on the preceding September, at Pownal- 
boro', might be pronounced illegal by the General 
Court. He sets forth that he has spent $725 within 
the last six months, that he has no money, is 188 
miles from home, and that he must be relieved or 
his property at Kennebec will all be wasted. He 
charges Jonathan Bowman and Charles Cushing 
with interested motives in procuring his condemna- 
tion, and declares that Justice North was his judge 
and enemy. He dates his petition in Boston; in 

* Abiathar Tibbetts. "V "Mass. fiVea ol^^'S*, 


He was shortly after discharged, ai]d returned Co 
Pittstoo, He was regarded as a harmless man, and 
was suffered for the most part to remain unmolested, 
except by petty annoyances. 

John Jones, or ^< Black Jones,^^ as he was familiar- 
ly called, was the mo^ obnoxious tory on the Ken- 
nebec. He lived at Hallowdl, where he kept a 
small shop. The Whigs broke up his store, and 
accused him of secreting tea. On one occasion they 
tied along rope to him, and dragged him through 
the water until he was nearly drowned. He effected 
his escape and fled to James Winslow's. Here he 
lodged ail night, and in the morning Mr. Winslow 
carried him down the river. He was a most 
malignant royalist, and was cordially hated by the 
Republicans, though he returned and settled on the 
Kennebec after peace was declared. 

Carpenter Winslow was a little inclined to Tory- 
ism, though be had the prudence to remain quiet. 
On one occasion, however, when Jonathan was 
about seventeen years of age, he said, " I wish 
George Washington was king,'' to which Carpenter 
neplied, ^^I wish you was hanged." 

In the course of the Revolution there were so 
many roving parties constantly passing and repass- 
ing, and the Winslows were so constantly liable to 
be disturbed, that they moved from the house they 
occupied, into another in the orchard back of the 
house, where they remained until more peaceful 

On one occasion in 1778-9, a British scouting 
party of six entered the house, and demanded food. 
Mrs. Winslow said she had none cooked. They 
then said " give us some bread and milk." She re- 
plied that she had no bread baked. They then said, 

♦ Mrs. Jonathan Winslow. Mrs. Lyon, wiOi Mi, O^Ci. "L^ wl. 


'^boil US hasty pudding, or we will riioot you." She 
obeyed the order, and soon the yankee dish was 
smoking on the board. Before they bad quite finish- 
ed their repast, the party was alarmed by an un- 
wonted noise without, and decamped, leaving a 
silver spoon, which one had taken from his knap- 
sack to eat with, and a huge iron-handled sword. 
The latter is now in the possession of Mrs. Lyon, 
the grand-daughter of James Winslow, and is a ven- 
erable relic of antiquity. 

On the muster rolls in Bosfton, are recorded the 
following names of those who hailed then from 
Gardinerston, Cobbisse or Piltston. Thomas Berry, 
served three years; Nathaniel Berry, d. 1850, ^ged 
95; Alexander McOansland enlisted in 1777, and 
deserted ; Zedediah Norton, enlisted for three years, 
marked " missing ;" Frederic O'BluflFskey, 3 years ; 
David Berry, 3 years ; Thomas ColbCkra enlisted and 
deserted ; Joseph Davis enlisted and deserted ; Ezra 
Davis served three years ; James Door enlisted for 
three years and deserted ; Jno. Door served three 
years ; Henry McCausland, the maniac, served three 
years, d. Aug. 28, 1829, aged 70 ; John Smith served 
three years ; Samuel Damon served three years, and 
died, 1780. Besides these are the following who 
hailed from other places, but who have since resided 
here : — Hugh Cox, d. Jan. 9, 1836, aged 75 ; Joshua 
Edwards, d. Aug. 17, 1836, aged 82; Thomas Jack- 
son, (see Jackson genealogy,); Jno. Blake, d. Jan. 
20, 1848, aged 90 ; Joseph Collins, d. Dec 6, 1 848, 
aged 89 ; Jno. Lowell, d. Nov. 17, 1848 ; aged 89 ; 
David Mooers, d. Jan. 30, 1847, aged 89 ; Jedediah 
Robinson, d. Nov. 1848, aged 83; Levi Shepard, 
d. Feb. 1849, aged 86; James McCausland, d. March 
14, 1826, aged 66; Samuel Berry, Theodore Tib- 
belts, Ward, Dickey, Couch.* 

MassacHuaetta .^jrcViVvea, 


At length the people prayed for town privileges. 
The petition for an incorporation is without date, 
and was received in the Legislature, March 5, 1778. 
It reads thus : — 

*'To the Honorable Council and House of Representatives of 
the State of Massachusetts Bay. 

<^ The Petition of a Number of the Freeholders and other Inhab- 
itants of the Plantation now called Gardinerston, in the county of 
Lincoln, within the State aforesaid, humbly sheweth, 

"That there is now more than fifty Families settled within the 
said Plantation called Gardinerston, who in their present situation 
Labour under many Difficulties, and are desirous of enjoying the 
Priviledges that will arise to them by being incorporated into a 
Town, (* by the name of^' erased.) 

** Tour Petitioners therefore pray that they may be incorporated 
into a Town- (Here follow the boundaries.) And whereas, a Tax 
has lately been laid upon the Inhabitants of said Plantation, 
which your Petitioners humbly concieve is more than their just 
Proportion; and which they are ^unable at present to pay ; and 
have no proper officers in said Plantation to assess or colLect the 
same ; neither have they any authority to choose any ; they there- 
fore pray, that your Hon's would take the same into considera- 
tion, and abate such a part thereof as to your Honors shall sec 
meet, and your Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever pray, &c." 
(Signed,) Samuel Berry, John Door, 

Joseph North, John Deni, Oliver Colbum, 

Beniar Door, Eben Thomas, Henry Smith, 

Richard Thomas, Sr., Henry McCausland, Joseph Bums, 
William Usher, Gideon Gardiner, Thomas Agry, 

Reuben Colburn, Samuel Oakman, Benj. Colburu, 

Heman Raffens, Dennis Jenkins, Samuel Norcross, 

Nathani^ Co]e, Samuel Norcross, Jr., Philip Norcross, 

Thomas Philbrook, James Stackpole, Eleazar Tarbox, 

Joseph Haley, Nathaniel Berry, Andrew Goodwin- 

Enoch Moffat, Andrew -f- McCaslen, 


Concerning John Deni, Richard and Eben Thom- 
as, William Usher and Heman Raffens, I can obtain 
no information. It is probable that they remained 
here but a short time. Nathaniel Cole lived near 
the stores of Messrs. J. Tarbox, Jr., and Bradstreet. 
Andrew Goodwin worked in the mills, and then 
moved to Hallowell. Enoch Moffat lived about 
from place to place. Samuel Oakman became a 
wealthy and hiAuential citizen, t\\ou^Vv \w\\^ A^ ^^ 


he was in reduced circumstances. He has no de- 
scendants here. The rest of the petitioners have 
been spoken of previously. The reader csn'thus 
learn who were the first settlers of what is now 
Gardiner and Pittston. 

Among the Massachusetts Archives is a bill filed 
with the Act of Incorporation, which styles ancient 
Pittston - Randolph. It passed through all necessary 
stages for becoming a law, except receiving the Gov- 
ernor's signature. The bill, so far as it goes, is like 
the Act of Incorporation, with the exception of hav- 
ing Randolph where Pittston now is. It passed its 
readings; and was delivered into the hands of Hon. 
John Pitt, Jan. 15, 1779. When it was brought 
forward a fortnight later, it was called Pittston, after 
his Honor, and was so incorporated. 

Mr. Pitt, the namesake of the old township, was 
a distinguished gentleman of his time, and repre- 
sented Boston in the Legislature. He afterwards 
became Justice in the Court of Common Pleas, for 
Middlesex County, and died in Dimstable, November 
10, 1815, aged 78.* 

The town was thus incorporated, according to the 
following act, being the fortieth town in the State 
of Maine. 

"State op Massachusetts Bat. 

•• In ye year of Our Lord One thousand seven hundred and 

"An Act for incorporating the Plantation called Gardinerston, 
in the County of Lincoln into a town by the name Pittston* and 
for annexing ccatain lands in the said County to the town of Bow- 

" Whekeas a' number of the Inhabitants of the Plantation called 
Gardinerston, in the County of Lincoln, have represented to this 
Court the difficulties and inconveniences they labour under in their 
present situation ; and have requested that they may be i&coa^por- 
ated into a Town — 

" Be it therefore Enacted by the Council and House of Kepre- 

* Rev. ^Ir. Felt of Boston. 


sentatilves in General Court assembled, and by the anthority of 
the same, that the said plantation called Gardinerston, bounded 
•8 follows, vis :— beginning at the nwth line of the Town of 
Pownalborough at Kennebeck Riyer, and to run an East South Bast 
Course on the said North line five miles from the said River ; from 
thence to run Northerly about seven miles, more or less, to the 
south easterly comer of the town of Hallowell, from thence to 
run West North West on the south line of the said Hallowell to 
the said Kennebec River, and across said River, and running a 
West North West course on the south line of said Hallowell, Sve 
or six miles to Cobbisconte stream on the west side of the said 
Kennebeck River ; from thence to run southerly down the said 
stream, and as the stream runs to the first Pond, and on said 
Pond or a stream to the north line of a large lot number ten 
granted by the Proprietors of Kennebeck purchase to the late 
William Bowdoin, Esq., deceased, from thence to run an East 
South East course on the said north line of tiie said lot, to the 
said Kennebeck River, and from thence southerly down the said 
River to the North line of Pownalborough aforesaid, be and 
hereby is incorporated into a town by the name of Pittston and 
that the inhabitants thereof be and they hereby axe invested with 
all the Powers, Privileges and Immunities which the Inhabitants 
of towns within this State do, or may by law enjoy. 

** And be it further Enacted that Jame^i Howard, Esq., be, and 
he hereby is impowered and directed to issue his warrant to some 
principal Inhabitant of the said Town, requiring him to warn 
the Inhabitants thereof to meet at such time and place as shall 
therein be set forth to choose all such officers as towns are by law 
required and impowered to choose in the month of March, an- 
nually ; at which said first meeting all the then present Inhabitants 
upwa^ of twenty one years of age shall be admitted to vote. 
And Whe&eas, it is expedient that certain lots of land on the 
WEST side of the saicl Kennebeck River, which were understood to 
be within the said Plantation of Gardinerston, should, untill the 
further order of the General Court, be annexed to and incorpor- 
ated with the Town of Bowdoinhasi in the Coimty of Lincoln 

** Be it Enacted by the authority aforesaid that the said lots of 
land lying between tiie north line of said Bowdoinham, and the 
North line of lot numbered ten aloresaid, being numbered five, 
six, seven, eight, nine and ten, respectively, and each being about 
one mile wide, and running West Noith West five miles back 
from said Kennebeck River, shall be, and hereby are annexed to, 
and incorporated with the town of Bowdoinham, aforesaid, and 
made a part thereof; and the Inhabitants of the same, in conjunc- 
tion with the other Inhabitants of the said Town are hereby 
vested with all Town Privileges whatsoever, agreeable to an act 
of the General Court, passed in the year one thousand seven hun- 
dred and sixty-two, for incotporatiug the Town of Bowdoinham 

" Provided nevertheless, and Be it further Enacted by the 
authority aloresaid, that t}ie said lots Shall be, and hereby are 



tubjected to pay their rateable and proportionable psrt of all Taxety 
which have been hithertoo according too law laid on the said plan' 
tation of Gardineraton, and remaining unpaid ; and also of any 
further TAX, which ahall be laid on the said plantation, (includ- 
ing said lots) and assessed thereon before a new an^. general valua- 
tion of Estates, throughout Uiis State shall take place ; and before 
iuch valuation the said lots shall not be subject to pay any part 
of any Taxes on the Town of Bowdoinhaon aforesaid. 

<*And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaidy that 
the Assessors of the Town of PrrrsTON, aforesaid, which shall be 
ehosen in pursuance of this Act, shall be and hereby are empow- 
ered to proportion and assess according to law the afOTesaid Taxes, 
laid as aforesaid ; and the said Assessors^ before they proceed to 
execute their Office, shall be undor Oath for the fBithiul discharge 
thereof, which Oath shall be administered to them by some 
Justice of the Peace, for the County of Lincoln. 

**In the House of Representatives, Feb. 4, 1779. 
*' This Bill, having been read three several times passed to be 
Enacted. John Fickebino, Speaker. 

••In Council, Tcb. 4, 1779. 
** This Bill, having had two several readings, passed to be 
enacted. John Avebt, D'y Sec'y. 

** Consented to by the major part of the Council." 

The plantation was for a long time called Gardi- 
nerston, as has been noticed, but when it was incor- 
porated the inhabitants refused to consent that the 
name should be continued. The reason assigned 
was, that Dr. Gardiner was a refugee from his coun- 
try ; and so full of the spirit of Republican Liberty 
were the people, at that time that " tried men's 
souls," that they would not consent that the name of 
one who had arrayed himself against his native 
country, and had fled from its precincts, should be 
honored by giving the town, though principally his 
own property, the name he bore.* It has been said 
that William Pitt, having shown by his conduct in 
England that he was a friend to the American col- 
onies, had drawn the good will of the people of old 
Gardinerston so much, that they called the town 
Pittston. But, though this is a plausible hypothesis, 
it is not true. It was named for the Pitt family, 

George WilliamsoTEv, TSscv, 


which had been instrumental in procuring the set- 
tlement of this neighborhood, one member of which, 
Hon. John Pitt, brought in the bill for incorporating 
the town. 

The depreciation of the currency at this period 
can scarcely be realized. One dollar of specie was 
worth forty of the currency. Tea was $19 a pound ; 
corn $35 a bushel; molasses $16 a gallon; W. I. 
Rum $26 per gallon ; coffee $3 per pound ; salt $45 
per bushel ; wheat $45 per bushel ; hay $200 per 
ton, etc. 

In May, 1779, there was a terrible tornado which 
swept the entire State. The darkness was terrific, 
and was relieved by such lightning as was never 
seen before. 

About this time West Gardiner was settled by 
Tibbetts, James Dunlap and others. 

James Dunlap,* whose father Avas an Irishman, 
was one of the first settlers there. He was famous 
for the blunderings peculiar to his nation. He was 
quite a hunter, and he went to Hallowell to pro- 
cure the best gunpowder he could find. He bought 
a large tin pail full, and having been troubled with 
damp powder, he took the pail home, and raking 
out some live coals, he placed it on them, and began 
to stir the contents. Unfortunately there was a small 
hole in the bottom of th^ vessel, which had been 
stopped with dough. Directly the fire ignited the 
powder. Poor Mrs. Dunlap went under the bed ; the 
house was blown to pieces, and Jemmy's face looked 
as though it had been roasted. He was accustomed to 
say, " If I had not dodged^ it would have killed me !" 

He lived latterly about a mile below Purgatory 
bridge in a logging camp built by Benjamin Shaw. 
On one occasion he had five or six children drowned 

♦ Abiathar Tibbctta, 


in the stream at once. They were sliding on a horse 
sled, and all perished together. 

Seth Soper* owned 200 acres in Pittston as early 
as 1780. He came here in the year 1779. His 
land joined that of the Agry family. 

SETH SOPERt m. Prady White, 1792. Clnldreii, 1, Lydia, b. 
March 12, 1793 ; m. Peter Jones, 1809. 2, Joseph, b. Aug. 26, 
1794. 3, Seth, b. Oct. 22, 1796. 4, John, b. Dec. 25, 1798, etc. 

The winter of 1 779-80, was intensely (fold. Gen. 
Sewall says : — " the river was frozen as far down 
as Judge Hill's in Phippsburg, and the ice was sufiS- 
ciently strong to bear teams. That winter a mast 
was hauled from Potter's Mills, through Fiddler's 
Reach to Bath. The snow was over four feet deep, 
and did not disappear until the latter part of April. 
Casco Bay was frozen as far as the White Bull. ' 

A variety of causes served to produce seasons of 
great scarcity. The. men were frequently away 
from home, and the fear that the British would as- 
cend the river,*and injure the people, destroyed con- 
fidence, and thus palsied exertion. About this time, 
a number of the neighbors had planted potatoes, and 
so scarce was food, that they were obliged to dig out 
the seed, to eat, before it had sprouted. 

In March, 1780, there was scarcely a day when 
snow thawed on the roofs. May 19, was the famous 
dark day. Common print •could not be read, birds 
retired to roost, and all was dark as night. 

In the year 1781, Jonathan Blanchard and his 
family removed to Pittston from Weymouth. 

JONATHAN BLANCHARD,! b. 1741, m. Elizabeth ; 

she b. 1741 ; he d. 1816; she d. 1835. Children, 

I. William, b. Feb. 12, 1768, m. Deborah Robbins. Chil- 
dren, 1, Martha, b. Dec. 26, 1795. 2, Rebecca, b. March 7, 1797. 

* Wis, Records. f Town Records. 

/ CapL Jno, Blanchard. 



3, William, b. May 12, 1799. 4, Kuel, b. I^Iarcb 12, 1801. 5 & 6, 
George and Harriet, b. April 7, 1803. 7, Rufus, b. April 1, 1806. 
II. Asa, b. Jan. 2o, 1770 ; d. Nov. 1849. 

in. Bbtsby, b. Jan. 31, 1772, d. May, 1791. 

IV. Lydia, b. May, 1774, m. David Robbins, (of Augusta.) 
V. Rebecca, b. Aug. 2, 1776, m. Joseph Graves, cL April 7, 

VL Majly, b. May 16, 1779, m. Jacob Daniels, now living in 
Madbury, N. H. 

VII. Anna, b. Sept. 4, 1781. 

VUL John, b. Oct. 23, 1784, m. Hannah Atkins. Children, 1, 
John A. b. April 3, 1814, supposed d. 2, Levi N. b. March 11, 
1818, d. Mobile, January, 1836. 3, James A. b. May 31, 1821. 4, 
K. Faustina, b. July 18, 1824 ; m. Geo. S. Clark. 5, Hannah K 
b. Sept. 26, 1826, d. Jan. 9, 1835. 6, Harriet E. b. Oct. 8, 1830. 
7, Sarah C. b. Feb. 26, 1833. 

IX. Hannah, b. July 19, 1787; m. William Collins, he d. ; 
she lives in Massachusetts. 

The first transactions of the town cannot be learn- 
ed, as there are several pages absent from the first 
part of the first volume of Records, including the 
years 1779-80-81, and part of 1782. Matters of 
interest connected with the Revolution, are thus lost ; 
a fact much to be lamented. It may be interesting 
to find the first existing leaf preserved. It reads as 
follows : — 

*♦ Lincoln, ss. To Mr. Joseph Haley, constable of the Town of 
Pittston, in the County of Lincoln, Qreeting: — 

** In the Name of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, you are 
hereby required forthwith to notify and warn the Freeholders, and 
other Inhabitants of said Pittston, qualified to vote in Town affairs^ 
to assemble and meet together at the Dwellinghouse of Cap'n 
Henry Smith, Inn-Holder in said Pittston, on Thursday the sixth 
of June, Instant, at five o'clock in the afternoon, then and there 
to act on the following articles, viz : — 

** 1st. To Chuse a Moderator to regulate said Meeting. 

*• 2d. To see what measures the Town will come into respecting 
the Bxecution issued by the State Treasurer, against Cap'n Henry 
Smith, Cap'n Nathaniel Berry and lieut. Benjaman Colburn, 
select men, of the Town the year past, for said Town's deficiency 
of Four men out of Seven, Required of said Town, by a Resolve 
of the General Coiurt of said Commonwealth of Decern. 1780, for 
the Contenental army. 

** 3d. To act upon such measures as may be adopted in Conse- 
quence of their Deliberations on the second article. 

"4thly. To see if the Town will pay the Taxeft no^- D^<^vql 


** 5th. If the Fourth Article should pass in the AffirmatiTe to 
make such regulations as may be judged necessary Conoeming the 

** 6thly. To Act on all such other matters and things as shall 
come before said meeting. 

** Hereof Fail not, and make Due returns of this Wairant with 
your doings herein, at or before the Time aforesaid. 

** Dated at Pittston aforesaid, the first Day of June, Anno Do- 
mini, one Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty-Two." 

«*Tho8. Aery, > Select 

Reuben Colbom," J men." 

** By virtue of this "Warrant I have Warned the Freeholders and 
other inbabitance to meet at the Time and place as above ordered. 

''Pittston, June 6th, 1782. «< Joseph Haley, Constable." 

** At a meeting of the Town Inhabitanoe at Cap. Henry Smith's. 
** Voted, Reuben Colbum Moderator. 

** Voted, That we will chuse a Committy to send petition to the 
General Court to get our Taxes and men abeated. 

** Voted, William Barker,^ ,j^ 

Henry Smith, 1 ^^^ 

*' Voted, That this Committy hath it in their power to amd a 
jjetition or withhold it at their own disciesslon. 

** Voted, To indemnify the Constable, And Assessors from any 
Execution or Executions that shall com against them from the 
State Treasurer respecting raising men or State Taxes. 

** Marriage is intended betwix John Tagot and Sarah McLanel, 
both of this Town, Nov. 23d, 1782. 

** Marriage is intended betwixt Bcnj'n Handy of LivermoveTown, 
and Lucy Tower of this town, January 22d, 1783." 

The foregoing extracts are verbatim ; and it ap- 
pears from them that the town furnished but three 
men in the year 1781, for the army of the Revolu- 
tion, though there were several, constituting a laurge 
percentage of the population, engaged in the service. 

Thomas Jackson* of Newton, went into the Rev- 
olutionary army, and remained two or three years, 
and came here in 1778-9, and remained a few weeks. 
He returned to the army and remained until 1782, 
when he came back to Pittston and settled. 

THOMAS JACKSON, b. July 2, 1751; m. Rachel Colbum, 

* Dea, Eliiah. JajcVLSon.. 


1782 ; she b. Aug. 10, 1754 ; lie d. Aug. 7, 183d ; she d. Jan. 16, 
183d. Children, 1, Thomas, b. March 26, 1785 ; m. Sarah Adams. 
2, Elijah, b. June 3, 1788 ; m. Abigail Cutts. 

Th ird Generation, 

Children of Thomas, 7 ; he settled in Winthrop. 

Children of Elijah, 1, Rachel, b. Sept. 9, 1811 ; m. William 
Cutts. 2, Alvina, b. July 3, 1815 ; m. Henry Adams. 3, Abigail 
Maria, b. Sept. 1817 ; m. SiunueL O. Flitner. 4, Elijah, b. July 13, 
1821 ; m. Elizabeth Lord. 5, Sophronia, b. June 9, 1823 ; m. Sam- 
uel C. Flitner. 6, Mary E. b. Feb. 2, 1825. 7, George F., b. Oct. 
7, 1827. 

Andrew Bradstreet came in 1780, and with his 
sons, Joseph and Simon,* made the most humble be- 
ginnings. They worked for awhile in the mills, and 
at length were able to buy one ox of a yoke. Soon, 
with their earnings, they procured a few logs, and 
then went up the stream, and cut more. At length 
they had accumulated about two thousand five hun- 
dred logs, and then they hired the mill, and began 
to saw. They turned their lumber to good advant- 
age, and commenced a small store at the New Mills. 
Thus they laid the foundation of a competency. 
They grew rich rapidly, and their descendants are 
most respectable. 

ANDREW BRADSTIlEET,t b. 1722 ; m. Mary HiU, in Bidde- 
ford, Jan. 9, 1758; moved to Gardiner, 1780; d. May 1, 1804; 
Mary, d. June 30, 1771. Children, 

I. Mart, b. Oct. 14, 1758 ; m. David Berry. (See Berry,) 
II. Andrew, b. Aug. 17, 1760 ; d. Feb. 3, 1775. 

lU. Susanna, b. Apiil 19, 1763 ; m. Nathaniel Dingley. 

IV. Joseph, b. January 21, 1765; m. Ruth Moor, 1792; d. 
April 23, 1835. Children, 1, William, b. June 13, 1793; m. 
Abigail J. Grant. 2, Mary H., b. February 12, 1795; m. Wm. B. 
Grant. (See Grant.) 3, Harriet, b. May 9, 1799 ; d. 4, Simon, b. 
Feb. 2, 1800 ; m. Abigail Clapp ; d. 5, Emily, b. Sept. 20, 1804 ; 
m. George W. Bachelder. 6, Joseph, b. April 14, 1808 ; m. Laura 
Stevens. 7, Caroline A., b. Nov. 1, 1811; m. William Stevens. 
8, Charles E., b. Oct. 15, 1812 ; m. Abby Smith. 9, Andrew, b. 
Dec. 4, 1817 ; d. 

* Abiathar Tibbetts. 

t Joseph, Wiiiiam and John A. Bradalteet, 'Eaqt^* 


y. Smox, b. May 29, 1768; m. Lydia T^coll; d. Oct. 11, 
1644. Childien, 1, John A., b. Oct. 21, 180d. 2, Simon O., b. 
Oct. 21, 1807; d. Feb. 22, 1812. 3, Sarah Belcher NicoU, b. 
March 29, 1809. 4, Mary HUl Wingate, b. Oct. 8, 1810. 5, Lydia 
Ann Jackson, b. April 27, 1812. 6, Simon Oscar, b. February 25, 
1814 ; d. 1838. 7, Malvina, b. AprU 7, 1816 ; d. May 20, 1821. 8, 
Frances Olney, b. March 24, 1818; d. Jan, 4, 1823. 9, Harriet 
I«ouisa, b. Oct. 3, 1819 ; m. Geo. C. Codman. 10, Frances Mal- 
vina, b. Nov. 8, 1821 ; m. WiUiam S. ChadwelL 

VI. Sarah, b. Jnne 14, 1771 ; d. Oct. 29, 1775. 
VU. Sally, b. March 11, 1776 ; drowned, Oct. 22, 1779. 
VIII. Anna Hats, b. July 29, 1777 ; m. Elwell, and af- 
terwards Pray. 

' IX. Rebecca Andhews, b. July 30, 1779 ; m. Jaa. Purring- 
ton and afterwards Richard Clay. (See Clay.) 

X. Olive, b, April 23, 1781 ; m. R. Clay. (See Clay.) 
XI. Sally, b. Feb. 11, 1784 ; m. WilHam Norton. 

Fo urth Generation* 

Children of William and Abigail J. Bradstreet. 1, "William W. 
m. Julia S. Tarbox. 2, Harriet £. 3, Peter G. 4, Ann O. 
(Samuel G., Catharine I. and Isabella I. d.) 

Children of Simon and Abigail Bradstreet. 1, Henry B., m. 
Frances Mason. 2, Joseph H. , 

Children of George W. and Emily Bachelder. 1. Charles Eu- 
gene, b. Sept. 9, 1830. 2, Georgiana A. b. Dec. 31, 1831. 3, Lucy 
M. b. Feb. 23, 1836 ; d. Nov. 3, 1840. 4, George B. b. March 31, 
1843 ; d. May 19, 1843. 5, & 6, G. T. & WiUiam H., b. AprU 24, 
1847 ; G. T. a. Sept. 20, 1848. 

Children of Joseph and Laura Bradstreet. 1, Caroline, d. 2, 
David Neal. 3, Joseph Stevens. 4, Frederic T. 5 & 6, Lucy and 
Frank, (twins.) 

Child of Wm. and Caroline A. Stevens. 1, Henrietta. 

Children of Charles E, and Abby Bradstreet. 1, Charles E. 
2, George W. 3, Delia A. 4, Orlando W. 6, Caroline A. 6, 
Frederic G. 7, Marie Antionette G. 

DAVID YOUNG,* came here in 1781; m. Elizabeth . 


I. David, b. July 24, 1779 ; m. Sally Colbum, 1802. Chil- 
dren, 1, William, b. September 8, 1803 ; m. 2, Joseph, b. June 
14, 1805; m. 3, Martha, b. May 17, 1812; m. 4, Westley,'d. 
April 5, 1821. 5, David, m. 6, Eliza, m. 7, Westley, 2d. 

II. Betsey, b. March 18, 1781; m. Abiathar Kendall, 1800. 
Children, 11, 1, William, b. Oct. 6, 1800. 2, David, b. July 
27, 1802. 

III. Aaron, b. May 12, 1783; m. Polly Colbum. Chil- 
dren, 11. 

* Town Rec. Mr. & Mrs, ^tepVieaXoxsai^. 


IV. Abigail, b. Jan. 30, 1785 ; m. James Johnson ; Children, 


V. Eli, b. Feb. 26, 1787 ; m. Eleanor Blenn ; d. Feb. 15, 
1839 ; children, 7. 

VI. Joseph, b. January 29, 1789 ; m. Eliza Hatch. Children^ 
1, Nancy, b. June 5, 1811. 2, Caroline, b. July 11, 1814. 

VII. Joanna, b. Feb. 5, 1791 ; m. Eliakim Scammon ; chil- 
dren, 6. 
Vin. Jonathan, b. May 31, 1793 ; m. Polly Norris ; children, 4. 
IX. Dudley, b. April 26, 1795 ; m. Rebecca Reed. One 
child, Rebecca. 

X. Stephen, b. March 21, 1797; m. Mary Smyth; 2d wife 
Betsey Jewett. One child, Stephen J., b. Nov. 7, 1839. 

XI. John, b. Aug. 22, 1799 ; m. Emma Freeman ; children, 6. 
Xn. Maby, b. March 22, 1802 ; m. Zenas Hatch ; children, 7. 

The New Mills originated eight or ten years after 
the settlement of the town. Dr. Gardiner, through 
his son William, caused a mill to be erected there, 
and after a few years it had decayed so that it was 
taken down. Gen. Dearborn erected another, and 
Joseph Bradstreet hired it of him. This was called 
the " New Mill." 

EDWARD FULLER,* b. 1745 ; came in 1781 ; m. Mary 
; d. July 9, 1831. Children, 

I. Abigail, b. Aug. 26, 1773. 

II. Olive, b. Jan. 6, 1778. 

III. Catharine, b. July 16, 1780. 

IV. Edward, b. June 17, l783 ; m. Liberty Williams, 1808. 
V. Allen, b. April 23, 1786. 

VL Thomas, b. Feb. 29, 1789. 

VII. Samuel, b. June 15, 1702. 

Vin. Francis, b. Feb. 1, 1793. 

IX. Charles S., b. Feb. 2, 1796. 

June 6, 1782, at a meeting convened at "the 
dwellinghouse of Henry Smith, Innholder," Reuben 
Colburn was chosen moderator, and William Barker, 
Henry Smith, Thomas Agry and Reuben Colburn 
were elected a committee to petition the General 
Court to abate the town taxes, and excuse them from 
furnishing four men to the Continental army, agree- 

♦ :edward Fuller. 


able to a resolve of the General Court passed in Dec. 
1780. The selectmen for this year, who had been 
prosecuted by the State Treasurer for neglecting 
to comply -with the State resolve, were Captaia 
Henry Smith, Capt. Nathaniel Berry and Lieut. Ben- 
jamin Cblbum. The committee had it placed with- 
in their discretion whether to petition or not. 

The first list of Town Officers in the Records, 
which are somewhat dilapidated, is as follows : — 
William Barker, Town Clerk ; Wm. Wilkins was 
clerk in 1782 ; Thomas Agry, Seth Soper, and Sam- 
uel Berry, Selectmen and Assessors ; Henry Smith, 
Constable ; Samuel Oakman, Town Treasurer ; Na- 
thaniel Bailey and Thomas Town, Tithingmen ; 
Silas Clark, Reuben Colburn, Edward Fuller and 
Samuel Berry, Highway Surveyors; Joseph Haley 
and Oliver Colburn, Pence viewers and Field driv- 
ers ; Israel Davis and Samuel Norcross, Hog reeves ; 
David Young, Andrew Bradstreet, Samuel Berry, 
Eleazar Tarbox, Thomas Town, David Philbrook 
and David Lawrence, Surveyors ; Seth Soper, Seal- 
er of Leather. These are for the year 1783. 

SAMUEL GRANT,* b. Berwick, April, 1740; d. Clinton^ 
Aug. 13, 1805. 

His son, PETER GRANT, b. Berwick. Feb. 1770 ; m. Nancy 
Barker, Sept. 1791 ; d. June 10, 1836. (children, 

I. William B., b. May 3, 1792 ; m. Mary Bradstreet, Nov. 
20, 1815. Childien, 1, WiUiam B., Jr., b. Sept. 20, 1816 ; m. Cath- 
arine Babson, Oct. 21, 1841. 2, Mary D., b. Aug. 4, 1818 ; m. 
Barker A. Neal, April 8, 1851. 3, Elizabeth L., b. April 3, 1822 ; 
m. Henry Washburn, Feb. 14, 1843. 

II. Samuel Clinton, b. March 25, 1797 ; m. Elizabeth 
Frances Yaughan, youngest daughter of Benjamin Yaughan, 
March 2, 1820. Children, 1, Ellen, b. Jan. 19, 1821 ; m, John 
Otis, Aug. 21, 1848. 2, Olivia Buckminster, b. March 2, 1823} 
m, George Bacon, Sept. 24, 1845. 3, William Sullivaii, b, Feb, 
18, 1825 ; m. Betsey L. Josselyn, Jan. 24, 1848 ; she d, March, 
1849. 4, Horace, b. June 11, 1327 ; d. March 6, 1832. 5, Louisa 

* WnUqm B.f Peter, William S. Grant, Mrs. Famham, &c. 


L., b. June 28, 1830; m. Alfred Gilmore, Nov. 19, 1850. 6^ 
Franklin, b. June 11, 1833. 

ni. Elizabeth, b. April 23, 1799; m. Arthur Berry, May 
18, 1828 ; no children ; d. April 16, 1832. 

lY. Abby J., b. Sept. 28, 1794; m. William Bradstxeet, 
June 2, 1816. (See Bradstreet.) 

Y. Ann, b. March, 15, 1801 ; d. June 23, 1808. 

YI. Peteh, b. Feb. 26, 1806; m. Margaret Swan, June 3, 
1835 ; m. 2d wife, Yesta Capen, June, 1844. Children, 1, Francis 
S., b. May 4, 1836 ; drowned, June 17, 1843. 2, Peter, Jr., b. Feb. 
23, 1838. 3, Catharine, b. Dec. 2, 1839 ; d. July 18, 1850. 4, 
Margaret P., b. Feb. 26, 1842. 5, Isanna C, b. June 15, 1845. 
6, William, b. April 8, 1847 ; d. Sept. 10, 1847. 7, George B., h. 
Dec. 21, 1849. 

YH. Cathabinb Ann, b. April 22, 1808 ; m. Orrin Famham, 
Nov. 10, 1836. Children, 1, Anna E., b. Sept. 19, 1837. 2, Wil- 
liam G., b. Dec. 24, 1838 ; d. July 11, 1846. 
Yni. Ellen, b. Feb. 12, 1811 ; d. Dec. 8. 1812. 

IX. Thomas Alexanoeh, b. Feb. 25, 1814; d. Feb. 17, 1852. 

Fifth Generation from Samuel, 

Children of William B. Jr, and Catharine Grant. 1, George 
Haeket, b. Sept. 5, 1842 ; d. Sept. 5, 1847. 2, Thomas Barker, 
b. April 1, 1845. 3, Harriet B., b. March 10, 1851. 

CMldren of Henry and Harriot B. Washburn. 1, Adelia Grant-, 
b. Nov. 1,1844. 2, Mary Francis, b. Dec. 13, 1847. 3, Fcnwick 
Miraetta, b. Aug. 29, 1850 ; d. July 8, 1851. 

Children of John and EUeti Otis. 1, Samuel Grant, b. May 23, 
1849. 2, Mary, b. March 1, 1851. 

Children of George and Olivia B. Bacon, 1, Horace G., b. July 

1, 1846. 2, Olivia, b. Dec. 2, 1847. 3, Francis William, b. Oct. 

2, 1849. 

Children of WiUiam & and Betsey L. Grant. 1, Samuel Clinton, 
b. Nov. 16, 1849. 

Children of Alfred and Louisa L, Gilmore, Alfred, b. Nov. 4, 

** Capt. Samuel Grant * father of Peter Grant, liv- 
ed at Berwick, Maine, previous to the Revolution, 
and entered the army of the United States as a Lieu- 
tenant, at the beginfiing of the war. He^ fought at 
the battle of Bunker's Hill, and was afterwards pro- 
moted to be a Captain. At the close of the war, he 
came to Gardiner and afterwards removed to Vassal- 
borough, and began the farm known as the Reding- 

* Samuel C. Grant, Es;\. 


ton farm, and was a member of the Convention in 
Massachusetts, to ratify the Constitution of the Unit- 
ed States. He afterwards removed to Clinton, and 
began the first lumbering on the Sabasticook river, 
and furnished the first masts for the frigate Constitu- 
tion, then building in Boston. 

Many of his old soldiers followed him, and kept 
up a strong attachment and intimacy until his death. 
He died at Clinton at the age of 65 years, and was 
buried in the church-yard at Gardiner. He worked 
in a saw-mill at Saco, with the late Gov. Sullivan, 
at the time he received an injury on his leg which 
induced him to study law." 


ICHABOD PLAISTED» b. Oct. 2, 1763 ; came to Pittston in 
1783 ; m. Charity Church in 1793; she was b. Aug. 7, 1770; 2d 
wife, Elizabeth Leighton ; b. Feb. 2, 1787 ; he d. March 11, 1836 ; 
Charity d. Oct. 1804. Children, 

I. William, b. July 13, 1794; d. Oct. 1804. 
n. IciiABOD, Jiu, b. March 31, 1796; in. Charlotte Lane, 
1829 ; d. Jan. 21, 1831, a clergyman in Rochester, Mass. He grad'^ 
uated at Bruns^i-ick, 1821, the first grad. from Gardiner. 

III. JouN, b. Jan. 24, 1798 ; m. Nancy Clay, 1823. Children, 
1, James Jeronc, b. Dec. 15, 1824 ; d. Nov. 20, 1831. 2, Emeline 
Clay, b. Feb. 23, 1827. 3, Winslow Church, b. Aug. 19, 1829 ; d. 
Feb. 11, 1851. 4, James Jcrone, b. Nov. 14, 1831. 5, Ichabod, 
b. Feb. 8, 1834. 6, John Macomber. b. July 28, 1836. 7, Char- 
lotto L., b. Oct. 1, 1838. 8, Georgiana, b. March 6, 1841 ; d. 1842. 
9, Richard Clay, b. Aug. 24, 1843. 10, Samuel Roger, b. June 25» 

IV. James, b. Not. 24, 1799 ; d. Aug. 1836. 

V. Samuel, b. November 24, 1801 ; m. Mary Jane Appleton. 
Children, 1, Aaron Appleton. 2, James Hamilton. 3, Florence. 
VI. Eben, b. July 6, 1803 ; d. Aug. 27, 1817. 
VII. Chahity, b. March 31, 1807 ; m. John Moore. Children, 
1, Juliett, d. 2, Elizabeth. 3, John. 4, James. 5, William. 6, 
George. 7, Gustavus. 8, Sarah F. 
Vni. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 2, 1808 ; m. Ezra Sanborn. 

IX. Mary, b. Sept. 25, 1810 ; m. William Jackins. Children, 
1, Margaret. 2, William. 

X. George, b. March 11, 1813; m. Fanny Jackins. Children, 
1, George Ichabod, b. 1837. 2, Christopher, b. 1839. 3, Roscoe 
M. b. 1847. 

XI. Wili.iam, b. April 17, 1815 ; m. Sarah Muzzey. Children, 
1, William P. 2, Sarah Elizabeth. 3, Frances. 4, Mary. 
XII. Ebek, b. Oct. 23, 1818 ; d. Sept. 14:, \%\5 \ m. Hannah F. 


• P 

Fanington. Children, 1, Harriet Frances, b. 1844. 2, Emma 
Bosabel, b. 1846. 

XTTT. F&ANcis A., b. Jan. 2, 1829 ; m. TbankM P. Bidley. 
One child. 

-Note. — Three brothers came to America firom England, very 
early. Samuel settled in Salem, John in Portsmouth, and lohabod 
in Berwick. John m. Olive Pickering, purchased a large tract of 
laiid in Berwick, and was great-grand- father of Ichabod who 
settled here. He had an only son, iSisha P., who married Hannah 
Wheelwright. The youngest son of EUsha, was William P., who 
married Jane Higbt, 1762. Ichabod was his son.* 

LEONARD COOPER,t b. 1767 ; came in 1783 ; d. Feb. 26, 1881 ; 

m. Elizabeth . Children, I. Mabt, b. Dec. 21, 1784. 11. 

Henst, b. Oct. 9, 1786. m. Sabah, b. Sept. 10, 1787. IV. 
Leonabd, b. June 22, 1789. V. Betsey, b. April 22, 1792. VI. 
& Vn. Nancy & Peter, b. May 31, 1795. VHI. Susanna, b. 
March 24, 1797. IX. Hannah, b. Feb, 9, 1799. X. & XI. Cab- 
OLiNE & Julia, b. Feb. 5, 1801. 

JONATHAN JEWETT,{ Jedediah*s brother, came in 1783; 

m. Hannah ; 2d wile, Elizabeth Breed, m. 1808. Children, 

I. John, b. Feb. 1, 1801. II. Elizabeth, b. March 8, 1803; and 

BtJRNHAM CLARK, J came in 1783; m. Mary Greely ; he d. 
Aug. 16, 1830. Children, . I. Bu&nham, b. March, it, 1788 ; m. 
Mary Davis, 1808. U. Jonathan, b. May 2, 1791. IH. Mary, 
b. Nov, 20, 1793. IV. Hannah, b, June 26, 1797. V. Pamela, 
b. Sept. 6, 1799. VI. Louisa, b. Feb. 12, 1804, 

Benjamin Shawj| kept a public house in Roxbury, 
and in the time of the Revolution he became inter- 
ested in some Salt-works in Brunswick. About that 
time he commenced running a vessel to the Kenne- 
bec, and at length he consented to a proposition from 
William Gardiner, that he should remove to Pittston 
and keep the Great House, He came in 1783. He 
removed to Augusta in 1788-9, and carried on a tan- 
nery about a year. He then returned and lived in 
the Great House. In 1790 he removed to the New 
Mills and carried on a saw-mill, and a store. He 

♦ Jolin and George Plaisted. t Towa "Re^iotA^, \ "VJoA* 
/ Ibid. II Benj. Shaw, "Eacv. 



remained there six or seven years, and then located 
at the Great House. In 1799, he went into a store 
at the outlet of the Cabbassa pond. In 1803, the 
family removed to the latter place. There he was 
taken sick with the numb palsy, which lasted twelve 
years, when he died. 

BENJAMIN SHAW,* b. Weymouth, March 2, 1752 ; m. Mar- 
garet Gregg ; she b. May 2, 1754 ; d. March 27, 1813. Children, 
I. Christiana, b. Dec. 31, 1780 ; d. May 10, 1828. 
U. Benjamin, b. Sept. 30, 1785 ; m. Jane Wilson, Aug. 30, 
1807. Children, 1, Harriet, b. July 23, 1808 ; m. Edward Swan, 
(see Swan.) 2, Benjamin, Jr., b. March 10, 1810 ; m. Mary T. 
Perkins, Ist wiife ; 2d wife, Harriet Savels. 3, Margaret, b. Oct, 
3, 1815 ; m. Thomas Swan ; 2d hus. Albert Lovejoy. 3, Horace, 
b. Nov. 20, 1820. 

in. Susan, b. June 9, 1788 ; m. Edward Swan, (see Swan.) 
IV. KoBEKT, b. July 31, 1791 ; went to sea, and never heard 

V. George, b. March 27, 1793; nr. Amelia Hyde; she b. 
Aug. 29, 1789 ; d. Oct. 2, 1844; 2d wife, Rebecca Gould. Chil- 
dren, 1st wife, 1, Bobert Y., b. Jan. 24, 1817. 2, Anne Maxia, b. 
March 18, 1819; m. Wm. II. Taylor of Bangor. 3, Susan Amelia, 
b. Feb. 1, 1821 ; d. August 4, 1840. 4, Mary Abby, b. Sept. 6, 
1828; m. Cyrus K. Bodlish. 5, James Henry, b.^eb. 18, 1827; 
d.'Nov. 9, 1832. 6, Frederic R., b. March 19, 1828. 7, Harriet 
Ellen, b. June 12, 1829. 

Fourth Generation. 

Children of Benjamin, Jr., and Mary L. Shaw. 1, Mary. 2, 
Joanna B. 

Children of William H. Taylor and Anne Maria. 1, Anne Ham- 
mond. 2, Susan Shaw. 3, An Infant. 

Children of Cyrus K. Bodfish. 1, Amelia Hyde. 2, Charles 

ROGER and MARTHA LAPHAM,t he b. 1746; came in 
1784 ; d. July 16, 1830. Children, 1, Mary, b. Aug. 3, 1779; m. 
David White, 1803. 2. Martha, b. Jan. 22, 1782. 3, Lydia, b. 
Feb. 9, 1784. 4, James, b. June 4, 1786. 5, Isaac, b. January 17, 
1789. 6, Judah \V. b. Jan. 17, 1791. 7, Hannah, b. Nov. 1?, 
1793. 8, Roger, b. April 6, 1796. 

March 24, 1784, an act was passed by Massachu- 
setts, declaring that the act of 1778, passed to pre- 

* Benj, Shaw, Esq. George Shaw. \ To^^itv 'Bjwi^t^. 



vent the return of refugees, should be repealed, and 
that all who had fled to Great Britain.^and who had 
not taken up arms or loaned money to Great Britain 
to carry on the war, might return. The notorious 
ones mentioned in 1779 must not. The others 
might return, if licensed by government, until the 
Legislature assembled, and granted naturalization. 

All lands not confiscated were subject to their 
claim, provided they were not mentioned in the act 
of 1 778, if they claimed it within three years. Any 
deed was valid in law, if made to any citizen of the 
United States. 

Stephen Jewett* came in the year 1784, from 
Hopkinton, N. H., where he was born in the year 
1763. He died in 1 829. 

The prices which prevailed in 1785, may be learn- 
ed from the day-book kept by Maj. Seth Gay, and 
now in possession of his family. Then coffee was 
25 cents per pound ; honey, 20 cents ; vinegar, 33 
cents per gallon ; candles, 20 cents per pound ; rum, 
25 cents per quart ; tea, 75 cents per pound ; tobacco, 
17 cents per pound ; chocolate, 28 cents ; shingles, 
$1,33, per M. ; salt, 83 cents per bushel; silk, 8 cents 
per skein ; turnips, 33 cents per bushel ; cinnamon, 
23 cents per oz. ; potatoes, 33 cents per bushel ; 
writing paper, 25 cents per quire ; corn, 67 cents per 
bushel ; wool, 25 cents per pound ; cider, 25 cents 
a gallon ; pork, 12 cents per pound ; beans, $1,33 per 
bushel ; stockings, 90 cents per pair ; butter, 17 cents 
per pound. In looking over the day-books of that 
early period, we cannot avoid seeing why so many 
farms were lost by the settlers. A large number of 
the charges against the most of them, are for rum, 
tobacco, cider and snuff. 

In April, 1785, three feet of snow fell, 

* Mrs. Charles Tarbell, "his ^\x^\feT. 


General Dearborn removed to Pittston in 1784-6. 
Henry Dearbirn, son of Simon, a physician of New 
Hampshire, was born in Hampton, N. H., Feb. 23, 
1751, the youngest of twelve children. He re- 
ceived an excellent school education, and finished 
his medical education under Dr. Hall Jackson, of 
Portsmouth. He was settled at Nottingham Square, 
near Exetet, in 11^.2, and on the commencement of 
the Revolution he left his medical practice and his 
native place, and joined Stark's regiment as Captain, 
and he marched to the Battle of Bunker Hill.* 
He afterwards became Assistant Commissary Creneral 
under Col. Pickering. As is elsewhere related, he 
was with Arnold's expedition from Cambridge to 
duebec, and he underwent those trials which befell 
the daring men who engaged in that most brilliant un- 
dertaking of the Revolution. He served eight years 
in the Revolution, and suflfered privations of every 
description. He received praises from Washington, 
Gates and Sullivan, and now stands as one of the 
most brilliant in that bright array that adorns the Gold- 
en Age of America. In 1785 he purchased a large 
tract of land in Monniouth, and selected that part of 
Pittston which is now Gardiner for his residence.f 
He was delighted with the situation when he passed 
it in 1775, and hastened to this place as soon as 
peace was declared. The house he occupied stood 
near the Gardiner Bank, and there were a few 

* " Captain Dearborn's company being in front, he marched by 
the side of CoL Stark, who, moving with a very deliberate pace, 
Dearborn suggested to him the propriety of quickening the march 
of the regiment, that it might sooner be relieved from, a galling 
cross-fire of the enemy. With a look peculiar to himself^ he iixed 
his eyes on Dearborn and observed with perfect eomposure, 
** Dearborn, one fresh man in action is worth ten fatigued ones/' 
and continued to advance in the same cool and collected manner.*' 
— Dearborn's Biog. by Charles Cojjiiu 

t Gen, IL A, S, Dearborn, MS. Com. 


acres of land attached, which he purchased of Wil- 
ham Gardiner, Esq., the holder of the area of the 
town. In 1790 he became Marshall, and in 1796, 
Maj. General. Here he resided until his appointment 
as Secretary of War in 1801, when he removed to 
Washington, D. C. In 1793, he was elected to 
Congress from the Kennebec district, and he held 
the office during two sessions. He was not elected 
a third time because, he opposed Jay's treaty. On 
the accession of Thomas Jefferson to the Presidency 
he appointed General Dearborn Secretary of War, 
and he filled that office with as much honor as it 
ever was filled. He became collector of Boston, 
and in 1812 he accepted the command of the north- 
ern army. Under his discipline arose that brilliant 
constellation which has since shone so brightly from 
the lurid firmament of War, — Taylor, Scott, Ripley, 
Gaines, Wool and others. At the lakes he was 
attacked with the lake fever, and while he was sick. 
General Armstrong, Secretary of War, removed him, 
from political considerations. When Mr. Madison 
became aware of the reasons he appointed him com- 
mander-in-chief of the great army which was to 
have been composed of 30,000 men, and to have 
gone against duebec. In the year 1822 he was 
appointed Minister to Portugal. 

He died in Roxbury, June 6, 1829, aged seventy- 
nine years. He was essentially a military states- 
man, and a man of varied talents and attainments, 
a pure writer, one of the most honest and patriotic 
men of the Revolution, and one of the truly great 
men of America. Charles Coffin, his biographer, 
says of him : — "General Dearborn was stout and 
active, six feet full in height, strong, and in middle 
age not too milch encumbered with flesh ; in after 
life his flesh rather increased. He was exactly fitted 
for the toils, fatigues, and pomp of war. His covvcsr 
tenance and whole person was d*\^m^<&dL ^wfti ^^\S!l- 


mandiiig. His weight was considerably above 200. 
His mind was solid and comprehensive, which en- 
titled him to the highest military stations. There 
was a loftiness in his character which forbade resort 
to intrigue and hypocrisy, in the accomplishment 
of his views, and he rejected the contemptible 
practice of disparaging others to exalt himself. He 
was beneficent to his friends, but reserved and cold 
towards those whose correctness in moral principles 
became doubtful in his mind." Besides his son, 
mentioned frequently in this volume, he left a 
step-daughter, Mrs. Dorcas Parker, a most worthy and 
intelligent woman, who furnished much aid in com- 
piling this work. 

Henry Alexander Scammel Dearborn, was bom 
in Exeter, N. H., March 3, 1783. He informed me 
that his father removed to Pittston when he was one 
year old, and that he, the son, continued to re- 
side here until he left for school and college. He 
spent two years at Williams college, Massachusetts, 
and graduated at William and Mary's, Va. He stud- 
ied law three years in one of the southern States, and 
one year with Judge Story in Salem. He applied 
for a foreign diplomatic office, on completing his 
legal studies, but was dissuaded from persevering in 
that course by Mr. JeflFerson. He practised law in 
Salem and Portland, but relinquished the profession 
from great distaste. He afterwards superintended 
the erection of the forts in Portland harbor, and on 
the appointment of his father to the command of the 
northern army, he was made collector of the port of 
Boston.* In 1807, he married Hannah, daughter of 

* ** Ilis father, on beinpj appointed Collector of Boston, appoint- 
ed his son his deputy. When President Madison urged Gen. Dear- 
bom to assume the command of the army, he declined on account 
of his age, and pecuniary situation. — His whole life having been 
devoted to the public service, 'Mx.'M.a^ou ^.% «a. Vsidxifiement for 


William R. Lee, of Salem, who survives him, with 
two sons and one daughter. He continued Collector 
of Boston, until 1829. In 1812, he commanded the 
troops in Boston Harhor. In 1821, he was member 
of the convention for revising the constitution of 
Massachusetts, and in 1830, he was a representative 
to the Legislature of Massachusetts, from Roxbury, 
and in 1831, he was a member of the Executive 
Council. In 1832, he was Representative in Con- 
gress, and in 1835, he was appointed to the ofSce of 
Adjutant General of Massachusetts, which ofSce he 
held until 1843. In 1847, he became Mayor of 
Roxbury, which office he held when he died, in 
Portland, July 29th, 1851, while visiting his chil- 
dren, aged 68 years. 

General Dearborn was deservedly one of the most 
popular men in New England. The offices which 
he held, afford proof of the great confidence reposed 
in him, but they do not proclaim his real worth. He 
was a man of most untiring industry, and one whose 
exertions were all for human welfare. He labored 
in all good enterprises with an industry and a warm- 
heaited zeal which were rarely equalled. He was 
one of the earliest and most active of the originators 
of the Bunker Hill Monument, and aided in setting 
forward every internal improvement. The great 
Hoosac Tunnel was started from his fruitful mind. 
In the language of Dr. Putnam, Mt. Auburn owes 
its beauty to him, next to God, while Forest Hills 
Cemetery, Roxbury, was mainly arranged by his 
hand, which seemed acquainted with 6very tree 

him to submit to the sacrifice, appointed his son to succeed him 
as Collector, which office he retained until he was thrust out by- 
Gen. Jackson. — The office was rich in emoluments, and General 
Dearborn might have laid up an ample fortune ; but he never wor- 
shipped Mammon ; his house was the abode of hospitality, and 
every private and public enterprise received lais "^aXioi\»L^<fe%* — TfOTtv 
tM O^ituuy notice. 


and plant. Says Dr. Putnam in his eloquent eu- 
logy : — 

''His thought stands expressed in the beauty, 
and abundance, and tastefulness, of innumerable 
fields, and groves, and gardens. There are traces of 
his spirit in the private nooks, and along the public 
roadsides of the country ; and there are thousands, 
who may never speak his name, who, yet, uncon- 
sciously, follow his teachings and copy his ideas, in 
the flowers, and the trees, — that engage their leisure, 
and adorn their homes, and delight their eyes." 

He published several works ; The Commerce and 
Navigation of the Black Sea, 3 vols. 8vo ; Letters 
on the Internal Improvement and Commerce of the 
West, 120 pp ; Life of the Apostle Elliot ; and a 
large number of able essays on a great variety of 
subjects, which he freely scattered in various period- 
icals. He left in Manuscript, a life of Christ, beau- 
tifully written ; Life of Bainbridge ; his father's 
Biography ; Volumes on Architecture ; Political 
Economy ; etc., amounting in ail to a hundred vols. 
These, together with the great improvements which 
he introduced in Agriculture, and Horticulture, and 
the quiet, useful' life he passed, entitle him to the 
admiration and affectionate remembrance of pos- 
terity.* His labors have benefited mankind, and 
his actions, having been 

Smell sweet, and blossom in the dust." 

From the settlement down as late as 1790, the 
civil affairs of the plantation and town were in a 
loose state. There seemed to be no restraining or 

* •• lie, as much as any man, perhaps more than any one man, 
has put in train those agencies which have introduced to the 
knowledge and love of all classes of our people this greatly ex- 
tended variety both of the useful and the ornamental products of 
the grounds to promote a taste for them., and to teach the method 
of their culture." — Dr, Vntnam*, 


governing power exercised, and it was impossible to 
collect a debt, or obtain justice. The lawless fre- 
quently had it all their own way. On the removal 
of General Dearborn to this place, things assumed a 
new and better state. His superior will and ac- 
knowledged worth, and dignity of manners, as well 
as his commission as a justice of the peace, soon, 
commanded the respect of all, and gradually he be- 
came the umpire, the tribunal, and disputes and 
troubles were settled by him. His decisions were 
respected and generally enforced. There stood a 
whipping-post* back of the Great House, near the 
spot now occupied by the Town House, over which 
many a sturdy and unruly varlet has been* placed, 
against whom the old General had recorded sentence. 
Benj. Shaw was usually the arresting constable, and 
Col. John Nichols, the constable, was the one who 
laid on the lashes. The post was a " windlass gal- 
lows" used for slaughtering cattle. Mr. Shaw was a 
very strong man, and most of the culprits knew his 
strength. Whenever he wished to arrest, he only 
found it necessary to send a token of his desire, and 
this was usually a "jack-knife." Very few were 
they who failed to follow it back to its master, when- 
ever it summoned them to appear. 

To this rule must be excepted the rents which 
were owed the proprietor. Whether it was because 
lands were cheap elsewhere, and the settlers thought 
the rents exorbitant, or not, Wm. Gardiner could 
scarcely succeed in obtaining his dues, and it was 
not until the present proprietor came into possession, 
that the lessees and occupants of mills and lands 
were compelled to pay or leave.f 

At this time there were but few people inhabiting 
what is now Gardiner and Pittston. 

* Beay. Shaw; Esq. f Ibid. Abiathar Tibbetta* 'RA^i^^a Qi vj ^'^^Ql- 




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Samuel Marssen, 
David Berry, 
Thomas Berry, 
Feletiah Warren, 
John Webber, Jr., 
Noah Webber, 
Ezekiel Webber, 
Bichard Dollofi; 
Jonah Brown, 
William Lyford, 
Elijah Robinson, 
Nathaniel Kimball, 
Caleb Kimball, 
Bartholomew IPoUard, 
EUjah PoUard, 
Ithiel Gordon, 
Charles Quincy, 

Philip Roach, 
Jona. Winslow, 
Joseph Galusha, 
Carpenter Winslow, 


James Flagg, 
John EUio^ 
David Wetmore, 
James Boise, 
John Goodwin, 


John Gray, 
Daniel Hilton, 
Abraham Southard, 
John Nason, 
Joseph Fall. 

In the year 1785 the inhabitants spoken of in the 
above tax list lived as follows: — William Gardiner 
was never married, and boarded generally when 
here, at the Great House. Henry Smith first occu* 
pied a small house in General Dearborn's garden, on 
land now occupied by the stores of Messrs. Grant, 
Dennis, etc., he then removed to the eastern side of 
the river, where he for many years kept a tavern. 
The McCauslands occupied the elegant sites now 
owned by Messrs. Evans, Kimball, Allen, etc. Sam- 
uel Grant came from Vassalboro', and settled near 
where the Saw-mills are'. Benaiah Door lived on 
Plaisted Hill. Samuel Berrt, who was usually 
called Lieutenant, lived on the Plaisted Hill. Elea- 
ZAR Tarbox lived where his descendants now dwell. 
Joseph Burns settled a few rods from William 
Bradstreet^s. R. E. Nason was on Plaisted Hill ; 
he was captain of the first military company, and 
was succeeded by Maj. Seth Gay. William Bar- 
ker lived near where William B. Grant's house now 
is. Andrew Bradstreet was near the mouth of the 
Cabbassa stream. Benjamin Shaw was in the 

* Great House and at New Mills. General Dear- 
born lived in a house built by Messrs. Byram d^ 

Dingley, It stood near lYve H.a^j^'i^lfis^ and was 


afterwards occupied by Hon. Parker Sheldon, and 
at length became a cooper's shop. It has now 
passed away. Samuel Norcross lived where Mr. 
R. H. Gardiner's farm house now stands, Ezekiel 
Pollard lived a little below the steam mill. Wm. 
WiLKiNs was the school teacher, and went all 
about, having his habitation with the parents of his 
pupils. John Sylvester lived in what was called 
the " Scotch House," the cellar of which may be 
seen near the residence of Mr. John Dennis. 
Sherebiah Town was the miller. Simeon Good- 
win lived at New Mills, and soon removed to Purga- 
tory. Enoch Moffat lived on the Gardiner side 
but a short time and removed. Gardiner Williams 
died in a year or two. Noah Nason was a brother 
to R. E. and was concerned in the mills. Allen 
Door died in the American service. Nathaniel 
B. DiNGLET, a house carpenter, soon removed to 
Winslow. The others did not settle permanently. 

It is believed that the foregoing persons were the 
only heads of families then resident within the 
present limits of Gardiner. 

Within the limits of what is now Pittston there 
were rather more people. John Law lived at 
Law's cove, near the lower meeting-house in Pitts- 
ton. Gideon Gardiner^ who was a cousin of Wm., 
kept a hotel on " the Neck" in Boston, through the 
Revolution. His house stood where now Mrs. 
(Smith,) Stevens resides. James Wifislow dwelt 
very near the Hallowell line, where is now a two 
story brick house. Jonathan Blanchard dwelt 
about opposite Bowman's Point. Seth Soper was 
below the village in Coburntown. Reuben Col- 
burn j Benjamin Colburn, Samuel Oakm>an and 
Oliver Colburn, were in near proximity, about two . 
miles below the ferry. Thomas Jackson settled 
near Maj. Smith, as did Roger Lafham. T!aA 
Agreps lived on Agrey Point, ti^^t "^^wtsJi.^^ 


Stream. Nathaniel Bailey and Abner Mason lived 
near the Nahumkeag. Sarwuel Dudley^ Silas 
Clarkj David Young, Samuel Palmer, Bumham 
Clark, Moses Dudley, Leonard Cooper, John 
Bailey and David Philbrook, were at Eastern River 
Plantation, or East Pittston. Jo7iathan Jewett lived 
on Beech Hill. 

Major Colburn was elected to attend the Falmouth 
Convention, which was holden in 1786, to determine 
whether the province of Maine should become a dis- 
tinct State. 

A Representative, (Major Colburn,) having been 
chosen to the General Court, in 1786, "Col. Dear- 
born, Capt. Oakman and Capt. Henry Smith," were 
chosen a committee to instruct him. 

The following year, a singular vote was passed : — 
"That Capt. Henry Smith, William Wilkins and 
Silas Clark be to Orator (audit) the Selectmen's ac- 
counts.'' The road from Eastern river to the Kenne- 
bec, which had been laid out but a short time, was 
accepted this year. 

In 1787 the Town raised the sum of £120, 10s., 
which ought to have been raised in the year 1782, 
and a committee was chosen to wait on Jonathan 
Bowman, Esq. in order to stay an execution in favor 
of the State, for the delinquency. At the same time 
Charles Dudley was chosen delegate to a Convention 
to be holden in Boston, January, 1788. 

It is supposed that some one offered to present the 
town with a meeting-house frame, for March 4, 1789, 
it was voted " not to have the Meeting-house Fraim 
on gift." April 6, it was voted that " the Town- 
house now raised near Major Colburn's, shall be the 
property of this Town, and that the owners thereof 
after this day relinquisheth to said Town all their 
right and title therein, without fee or reward," and 
in 1790, £20 were voted to finish the building. 

William and Moses Springer, brothers, and James, 


their cousin, were of German descent, and came to 
Pittston from Franklin, Hancock county, in 1786. 
They settled in Pittston, on the ecustern side, and 
engaged in ship-building in " Springer's ship-yard," 
near Agry's Point. In 1795, they removed to Bow- 
man's Point. 

WILLIAM SPRINGEIl, b. Nov. 29, 1754, m. Mary Norcross, 
b, 1762, d. 1808 ; and Betsey Jewett. 

Children of first wife : — 

I. Mary, b. Oct. 17, 1782; d. 1839; m. Levi Palmer, and 
Geo. Lilly. Children by 1st husband. 1, Arabella, d. young. 
2, William, b. March 31, 1808 ; m. Ann M. Noycs. 3, Mary S. b. 
1811 ; m. Winship Lilly. 4, Dr. Gideon S., b. June 14, 1814. 6, 
Pranklin, died yoimg. 

II. William, b. June 15, 1734, d. 1802, in Jamaica. 

m. Joanna, b. Feb. 7, 1786 ; m. Gideon 8tinson, and Jno. 
Gilmore. Children, 1, Gideon Green, m. Martha Fullerton and 
Hannah Goodwin. By 2d hus. 1, Mary, d. 2, Pamela, m. William 
Potter. 3, John. 4, Hannah, m. Ephraim Fullerton. 5, Jane. 
6, S{u:ah. 

IV. SysAN, b. July 26, 1787 ; d. 1835. 

V. Nancy, b. March 13, 1791; d. 1851 ; m. John Goodwin. 
Children, 1, John A. ; m. Sarah Kean. 2, Mary. 3, Oscar. 4, 
Greenleaf. 5 & 6, Hannah and Edwin. 7, William. 8 and 9, 
Charles and George. 10, Eugene A. 11, Thomas. 

VI. Hannah, b. July 10, 1797 ; d. 1819. 

VII. Pamela, b. Dec. 3, 1800 ; m. James Blenn, and Jesse Har- 
riman. Children by 1st hus., 1, William, m. Sarah Crocker. 2, 
Edmund. 3, Mary. 

Children of 2d wife : — 

Vm. Elizabeth, b. Nov.. 24, 1809 ; m. Geo. Snow. Children, 
l,Geo. H. b. 1831. 2, Fred. W. b. 1833. 3, M. Ellen, b. 1838. 4, 
Albert, b. 1840. 5, Edwin H. b. 1850. 

IX. William, b. Ahg. 17, 1811 ; m. Martha Carter. Children, 
1, Louisa, b. 1838. 2, Julia, b. 1846. 

X. Ellen, b. April 27, 1813, m. Geo. Ellis. Children, 1, 
Warren, b. 1839. 2, Arabella T. b. 1840. 

XI. Harriet, b. July 17, 1816 ; m. William Perry. Children, 
1, Anna E., b. 1834. 2, William, b. 1847. 

Fourth Generation, 

Children of William and Ann M. Palmer. 1, Charles F. b. July 
23, 1842. 2, WiUiam Cass, b. Sept. 13, JL844. 3, Mary Lilly, b. 
Sept 28, 1846; d. Dec. 24, 1851. 4, Louisa Maria, b. March 13, 
1849. 5, Mary, b. May 21, 1851. 

Children of G. G Stinson. 1, Jane Ellen, by lat Y:\fc, 


Children of William and Pamela Potter. 1, Jane M. 2, Sdwin. 
3, William. 4, John G. 5, Ellen M. 

Children of J. A. Goodwin. 1, Charles. 2, Anne S. 

Children of Ephraim Follerton imd TTa^nnith Gilmore. 1, Gtoorge. 

2, Mary. 

Children of William Blenn and Sarah Crocker, 1, Mary E. 2, 
James W. 8, Almira. 

MOSES SPRINGER, b. Oct 17, 1767; m. Snsan Noicross, 
Jane 10, 1793 ; d. Oct. 24, 1832. She b. May 10, 1769 ; d. Oct. 3, 
1842. Their children, 

I. Jacob, b. Aprh 12, 1794 ; d. in Havanna, May 30, 1821. 
II. Moses, b. Jan. 24, 1796 ; m. Matilda Lawrence, Sept. 16, 
1821. Matilda d. Dec. 6, 1839. 2d wife, Eliza Harden. Children, 
1, Charles F. 2, Caroline Matilda. 3, Harriet L. 4, Ellen Maria. 
6, Francis A. 

lU. & IV. Eliza & Sophia, b. March 11, 1798. Euza m. 
Nathaniel Kcnniston. Children, 1, Sophia, m. David Perry. 2, 
Louisa, m. Jason Collins. 3, Julia, m. Freeman Trott. 4, Jacob 
S., m. Racliel Bailey, o, Susan S. 6, Caroline, d. 7, Mary. 
Sophia, m. Richard Eastman. Children, 1, Ann E. 2, Edwin. 

3, Frances. * 

V. Julia, b. Feb. 18, 1800, m. Harvey Gay, no issue. 

VI. SusAx. b. Dec. 4, 1801, m. Wm. S. Robinson, and d. Nov. 
25, 1829. Children, 1, Mary Ann. 2, Abigail. 3, William S. 

Vn. Samuel, b. June 25, 1803 ; m. Sarah N. Clay. Children, 
1, Olive. 2, George. 3, Henrietta. 

VIII. Mary, b. Oct. 31, 180i; m. Ezekiel Waterhouse. Chil- 
dren, 1, Lucy Ann. 2, Albert S. ; m. Lydia Mudget. 3, Ella. 

4, George. 

IX. William N. b. Nov. 6, 1806 ; m. Climena Moore and Han- 
nah Sturgess. Children, 1, Luella. 2, Frederic. 3, Julia. 4, 

Anna. 5, Another. 

X. Albeut, b. Aug. 19, 1808 ; d. March 25, 1826. 

XL Addisox T. b. Nov. 1, 1810. 

XIL JoHX, b. Oct. 22, 1812 ; d. Aug. 21, 1825. 

XIII. Geokge a. b. May 15, 1815; m. Anne E. Gray. 4 chil- 

Fourth Generation, 

Children of David and Sophia Perry, 1, Francis D. 2. 

Child of Jason and Louisa Collins, Anna Augusta. 
Child of Freeman and Julia Trott, Charles Freeman. 
Child of Jacob S. and Rachel Kenniston, Caroline. 

JAMES SPRINGER, m. Mary Lemont. Children, 1, Rachbl, 
d. 2, James, d. 3, Benjamin, m. Mary A. Ballard, and d. ; 2 
chil., 1, Mai-y F. 2, Laura A. B. 4, Sarah, d. 5, William, d. 
6, Mary, d. 7, IIaruiet, d. 8, Samuel, d. 

By the tax-list of 1787, \l a^i^ars that the fol- 


lowing persons, not previously mentioned, had enter- 
ed the town between 1785 and that year, : — 

Hark Whidden, Joseph Blodgett, James Dudley, 

Joshua Reed, Ebenezer Blodgett, Scribner Moody, 

Dayid Bliss, Elisha Prescott, Jonathan Piper, 

Wm. Peatt, Eli Andrews, Brackett Towle, 

John-Clarke, Wm. Bachelder, Jeremiah Moody. 

Henry Quincy, J. C. Gookin, 

March 13, 1787, there were five feet of snow in 
the woods. 

"In* the year 1787-9," writes Gen. H. A. S. 
Dearborn, " there was a small grist-mill at the end 
of the dam on the southern side of Cobbossee-contee 
stream, and above it was a house where Mr. Town 
the miller lived. Opposite the end of the present 
bridge was a one story building where a Mr. Piper 
lived. The next two houses were Mr. Gardiner's 
and my father's, and on the bank of the river south 
there was a house in which Major Seth Gay lived 
and kept a store. In the cove below, Mr. Barker 
had a house and store, and a half a mile south was 
a little hut, and below another in which a man 
named Pollard lived, and on the bank of the river, 
southerly, was Mr. Eleazar Tarbox's house, and 
there was but one other above Swan Island, which 
was' at the Brown farm. Mr. Gardiner owned a 
farm house, where he died, on the hill, south-west- 
erly from his residence on Water St., (where now 
Bernard Esmond lives.) At the dam, a mile above 
the mouth of Cobbossee stream, was a double saw- 
mill, and a small house, in which resided the fam- 
ilies of two of the McCauslands ; and one other hut. 
There were a few houses on Cobbossee-contee 
pond, but none between the dam and the pond, on 
the banks of the stream. North of Cobbossee 
stream was a saw-mill, and near it a house in which 

* Gen. H. A. S. DearboxnaMS* 


a Mr. Moor lived and died. Above was the house 
of Capt. Bradstreet. On the hill, over which the 
road to Monmouth passes, were two houses, the first 
occupied by a Mr. Door, and the second by Pelatiah 
Warren, and there was no other between it and 
Monmouth, but Barker's at the Rips, at the outlet of 
Winthrop pond. A Mr. Door lived in a hut near 
where Doctor Parker last resided, and above was 
Charles McCausland's house. A mile above was 
Church's house and farm, and but one other south 
of the **hook," now Vaughan's wharf, Hallowell, 
which was Capt. Smith's, below the cove on the 
bank of the river. 

" On the east side of the river above the ferry 
landing, was a house in which Mr. Warren lived, 
near where Robert Hallowell, Esq. built a house, 
and passed many summers, (now occupied by Mrs. 
Stevens, daughter of Maj. Smith.) 

'^ At Togus dam there was a mill and a house 
where David Phil brook lived. Law had a hut in 
the cove below the mouth of Togus Stream, and 
Capt. Henry Smith's house was half a mile lower 
on the river. Then Col. Colburn's and next Capt. 
Agry's, on the Point, at the mouth of Nahumkiek 
stream. Above the ferry way was one hut, in which 
a man lived called Governor Hatch. 

" At the period to which I refer, there was a very 
imperfect and circuitous road from Gardiner to Hal- 
lowell, which passed over Plaisted Hill, in the rear 
of Church's house. The road on the bank of the 
river was later made, and a bridge built below the 
dam, but there was one before, across the stream at 
Bradstreet's house, above the mill pond. There was 
no road on the west side of the river, but a short 
distance below Mr. Tarbox's house, and no mode of 
reaching Brunswick by land, but by crossing the 
ferry at Gardiner, and going down on the east side 


of the river, to the Narrows above Bath, where there 
was a ferry. 

" Major Seth Gay built tlie first wharf, and Gen. 
Dearborn established the ferry in 1786. He was 
accustomed, as were others, to draw a seine around 
the mouth of Cobbossee, and incredible numbers 
of shad, herring, salmon and sturgeon, were taken 
every spring. 

" The first farm ever cleared was on the east side 
of the river, on the road to the Meadows, on Warro- 
montogus stream, by Ebenezer Byram and Major 
Seth Gay. Others on Beech Hill were made at 
about the same time. 

" At that time there was plenty of white and red oak 
timber on both sides of the river, and large quanti- 
ties were shipped to England. There was also very 
fine spruce, pine and ash, from which rafters, oars, 
&c., were made, and shipped to Boston. There was 
also plenty of cord wood, hemlock bark, shingles, 
clapboards, laths, heading, &c., all obtained in Pitts- 
ton. All the shores of the ponds and streams west 
were well wooded, and mill logs, and timber in large 
quantities came down to the « New Mill.' " 

The first brick-kiln was in the rear of Gen. Dear- 

In 1787 the road was accepted, from Recce's 
Meadow to Spring Meadow, striking the river a 
little south of Capt. Henry Smith's. 

The snow came very early in the autumn of 
1785, and continued to fall so that the ground did 
not freeze hard. Teams were able to pass in any 
direction until the last of April, 1786, and yet 
plowing commenced very early in May. • 

Ebenezer Byram was employed by General Dear- 
bom to come from Bridgewater and build his house. 
Accordingly he came and entered into copartner- 
ship with N. B. Dingley, Avho came here before 


EBEXEZCR BYRAM,* came in 1786 ; m. Margaret Gay, sister 

of Seth and Kufus ; she b. May, 1764 ; d. Sept U, 1828 ; he b. 

Bridgewatcr, Mass., Dec. 5, 1754 ; d. Nov. 27, 1832. Children, 

I. Harriet, b. Jan. 12, 1790 ; m. John Haseltine. Children, 

1, Wm. B. b. 1816 ; m. Isabel E. Francis, June, 1848, shed. 1848. 

2, Jno. n. b. 1818 ; m. Maria 3, Harriet Jewett, b. 1820, 

d. 1836. 4, Charles E. b. 1823. 5, James £. b. 1825. 6, Margaret 
A. b. 1827. 

n. Charles L. b. May 29, 1792 ; nnm. 
ni. William Henry, b. Aug 29, 1794 ; d. July 12, 1800. 
IV. Ebenezer Gat, b. May 6, 1796; m. Isanna Capen. 
Children, 1, Edward. 2, Isabella. 

V. James Rufus, b. March 3, 1799 ; m. Mrs. Eunice (Lin- 
coln,) Walton, no issue. 

*VI. William Henry, b. May 10, 1801 ; m. Susan Hasdton. 
Children, 1, Eliza, b. 1841. 2, Harriet, b. 1844. 8, Harry H., 
b. 1847. 

VII. Mary Augusta, b. Feb. 19, 1803 ; unm. 
Vin. Samuel Haskell, b. May 27, 1805 ; d. 1812. 

JOHN BAIlKER,t came in 1786; m. Lydia ; d. May 

17, 1814. Children, 

I. John, b. April 25, 1789. H. Clark, b. January 27, 1792. 
in. William, b. Sept. 17, 1794. IV. Mary, b. Sept. 2, 1797. 
V. Isaac, b. November 1, 1800. VI. Gideon, b. April 7| 1808. 
Vn. Oliver, b. June 25, 1805. 

SETH GAY,} son of William, b. Dedham, April 7, 1762; 
moved to Pittston, 1786; m. Elizabeth Hoogs; she b. April, 
1768 ; d. July 10, 1849 ; he d. Jan. 30, 1851. Children, 

I. Betsey, b. Ne\>i;on, April 26, 1785 ; d. Oct. 13, 1811. 
n. Thomas, b. Pittston, Jan. 2, 1787. 
UI. Nancy, b. Sept. 24, 1788; d. Dec. 14, 1811. 

♦ Nicholas Byramf was the son of an English gentleman who 
removed to Ireland when his son was young. The father sent the 
son when he was 16, to visit his friends in England. The man 
who carried him, robbed him, and sent him to the West Indies, 
where he was sold to service, to pay his passage. When his time 
expired, he went to America, and settled in Weymouth, Mass. He 
m. Susanna D. Shaw, and had several children. In 1660, he bought 
lai^ in Bridgewater, and d. in 1688. His son, Capt. NicholaiS, m. 
Mary D. Edson, and they were the first members of the first church 
in E. Bridgewater. Both d. in 1727. Dr. Joseph was one of thmr 
sons, and he m. Martha D. Perkins. Their son Joseph, m. Mary 
D, Bowditch, and Ebenezer was one of their children. 

t Mitchell's Hist, of Bridgewater. Wm. H. and Mary A. Byram. 

j Town Records. 
/ Thomas, Charles, George, WiUiam R., and James Gay. 


IV. Mt]ia« b. June 13, 1790 ; m. John Moore. 
V. Sally, b. April 2, 1792. 

YL Sbth, b. Feb. 1, 1794; m. Matilda Oalunaa, 1844; d. 
Sept. 8, 1844. 

Vn. Maht M., b. March 29« 1796. 
VnL William Evfus, b, March 14, 1798. 
IX. Georgb B., b. July 7, 1800 ; m. Sophronia Stevens. 
One child, George Lewis, b. March 21; 1830. 

JL Ckablbb, h. Jvme 22, 1803 ; m. Almira Stevens. One 
child, Charles Martel, b. Jan. 30, 1839. 2d wife, Martha W. 
Perkins. Children, 1, William Perkins, b. Dec. 6, 1845. 2, John 
Bentlejr Fullec, b. OcL 29, 1847. 3, Margaret Lewis, b. April 
25, 1851. 

XL Jambs, b. July 9, 1805 ; in. Jane M. I^mmon. Children, 
t, James Frederic, b. July 10, 1831. 2, Sarah Jane, b. Dec 17, 
1833. 3, Oeorgianna, b. Feb. 20« 1836. 4, Josephine, b. Sept. 
22, 1837. 5, Ellen Thomdike, b. Dec. 26, 1839 ; d. March 4, 1840. 
6, Elizabeth yii;gima, b. March 2, 1844. 

Xn. MAnaARBT Lewis, b. August 16, 1808 ; in. Charles 

RUFUS GAY,* son of William, b. Dedham, July 19, 1770; 
morred to Pittston in 1786 ; m. Mary Marble, Jan. 12, 1800 ; she 
h, Newburyport, Feb. 26, 1771 ; d. Sept. 30, 1839. Children, 

I. Lau&a Matilda, b. Dec. 8, 1800 ; m. John Brazer Dayis, 
Oct. 25, 1826 ; d. May 23, 1834. One child, John, b. August 25, 
1882; d. Aug. 21, 1833. 

n. DoBCAS Parkeb, b. Oct. 16, 1802. 

m. Olive, b. Dec. 30, 1804 ; m. Rev. Henry Aiken, Worces- 
ter, Aug. 26, 1836 ; he b. Sept. 25, 1802 ; d. May 24, 1841. Chil- 
dren, 1, Henry Parker, b. Oct. 15, 1839. 2, Mary 0UYia,b.Oct. 17, 

IV. Bupus Mabblb, b. Oct. 21, 1806. 

BBUBEN MOOIlE,t removed here in* 1787, and d. May, 1804 ; 

his wife Elsie , b. 1762 ; d. Feb. 12, 1847, leavmg 61 grand- 

cliildien« and 40 gseat-grandchildren. 

L Bathsheba, b. vassalboro', Dec. 9, 1779. II. John, b. 
Vassalboro', July 2, 1781. IIL Jerusha, b. Vassalboro', Aug. 
27« 1785 ; m. Maltiah Lawrence. IV. Rbuben, b. Vassalboro', 
June 2, 1787. V. Alice, b. Pittston, April 23, 1789. VL 
Ceablbs, b. May 29, 1791. VIL Hobebt Hallowell, b. Feb. 
IQ, 1793. Vin. William, b. August 9, 1794. IX. James 
Parkeb, b. Oct. 28, 1795. X. George, b. Oct. 24, 1797. XI. 
Samuel, b. Dec. 5, 1798. XIL Henby, b. June 24, 1800. XTTI 
Climbna« b. Nov. 30, 1803. 

« Thomas Gay. f Town Reooi:^, 



JEDEDIAH JEWETT,* caAiein 1787; m. Naomi ; he 

d. Jan. 23, 1823 ; she d. Feb. 26, 1805. Chil. I. Enoch. II. 

MooDT. in. Charles, b. March 7, 1787. IV. Hasrist, b. 

Sept. 1, 1791. y. William, d. March 4, 1799. YL. Sarah 

Farlet» d. June 25, 1804. 

DANIEL JEWETT.t h. 1765 ; came in 17&7; m. B«teej Tar- 
box ; he d. 1834. Children, 

L Martha, b. Dec. 28, 1791 ; m. Gtoorge Williamnnn. Chil- 
dren, 1, Helen. 2, Emily. 3, Mary. 

II. BsnRT, b. July 22, 1793; m. St^hen Tovvig. (See 

m. Georob, b. July 17, 1795; m. Anne Eaton; she d. Jan. 
10, 1830. 2d ivife^ Hannah Binery. Childien* 1, Aiuie Virginia. 
2, Oeorge F. 3, James E. 

IV. John, b. April 17, 1798 ; m. Harriet Clark. Children, I, 
Isabella, m. Warren Turner. 2, Sophronia. 3, John. 

Y. James, b. March 10, l&OO; d. 1823. 

YI. Albert G. b. Nov. 27, 1802 ; m. Hannah Wilson. Child, 
YIL Daniel T.» m. Sarah WUson. ChOd, BamcL 

DAYID MOOIlEj came in 1787 ; m. Meribah . Chil. 

I. Tristam, b. December 12, 1781 ; m. Susanna Marson, 1805 ; 
n. Thomas, b. March 1, 1784 ; m. Mary Atkins, 1808. III. Da- 
vid, b. April 16, 1786 ; m. Dolly Jackins. lY. James, b. June 21, 
1788; m. Olive Taylor, 1810. Y. Anna, b. July 22, 1790; d. 
Appi 13, 1795. YL Sarah, b. Sept. 11, 1791 ; d. Jan. 4, 1795. 
Yn. William, b. Dec. 12, 1793. YIIL Robert, b. Jan. 29, 
1796. IX. Susanna, b. June 2, 1799. X. John, b. Aug. 3, 

DOMINICUS WAKEFEELD,§ came in 1787; m. Martha 
Door; she b. 1768; d.. 1847. Children, 1, Jame8,^b. Sc^t. 8, 
1788. 2, Jeremiah, b. May 3, 1791. 3, Danid Haaclton, b. 
March 29, 1795. 4, Sarah, b. January 19, 1797. 5, Donunicus 
and 6, Eunice, b. April 18, 1799. 7, Houry, b. Sept. 18, 1801. 
8, Annis, b. Dec. 24, 1803. 9, Betsey, b. March 29, 1805. 

DAYID DUNHAM,|| came in 1788; m. llMinah 

Children, 1, David, b. Nov. 23, 1784. 2. Gershom, K April 5, 
1786; d.May 10, 1786. 3, Stephen, b. May 3, 1787. 4, Henry 
D., b. April 1, 1791. 5, Patty, b. Aug. 3, 1793 ; d. July 9, 1795. 
6, Samuel, b. Oct. 18, 1795. 7, Harriet, b. May 28, 1799. 

* Town Kccords. 

t Town Records. George and John Jewett, Esqrs. 

t Town Records. { Ibid. (j IbjLd, 


The next Tax List is dated 1789, and presents 
the following additional names of persons who came 
of age, or removed to Pittston between 1787 and 
1789, who have not been already mentioned. 

Samuel Eastman, 
Joseph Pulsifer, 


Barzillai Gannett, 
James Mason, 
Dayid Locke, 
James Judkins, 
Samuel Lang, 
Jeremiah Wakefield,* 

— Nichols, 
Benoni Hunt, 
John Nichols, 
John Foster, 


Samuel Jones, 


Jona. Oldham, 
Klchard Kimball, 
Christopher Jackins, 
George Stanley, 
James Kinsman, 
Alexander McAllister, 
Francis Knight, 
Ebenezer Pratt, 
Thomas Owens, 
Thomas Ward, 
WiUiam Blodgett, 
Levi Shephard. 

In 1791 the road was accepted from Dudley's 
Mill to the river, and in 1794 the one from Leonard 
Cooper's to the " head of Tide-waters at Frankfort." 
The spring of 1791 was made memorable by the 
most remarkable freshet ever known. The banks 
of the river were almost entirely swept, and the 
country was left a wreck. It is well remembered 
that a canoe was paddled into the kitchen of the 
Great House, and that bread was taken from the 
oven into the canoe. A similar freshet now would 
raise the water about three feet on the sign post of 
the Gardiner Hotel. 

There was a wild, insane creature who lived on 
the banks of the Cabbassa-contee, and also form- 
erly, in the family of Jedediah Jewett, who called 
herself the Queen of Sheba, but whose name was 
Richardson. Rarely has the wgrld seen a happier 
person. She fancied the whole world her own, 
and wherever her temporary abiding place was, she 

« Born I7d7» married Elizabeth fiaiuscom. Died ik.^^^^\^^\. 


deemed herself "monarch of all she surveyed." Oa 
one occasion, when the Supreme Court held a sei»- 
sion in Hallowell, in 1794, the Queen of Sheba 
entered,* "her head was uncovered, and her face 
haggard and bronzed by exposure. Her eyes were 
wild, but piercing, beaming with conscious majesty 
and high command. She advanced rapidly to the 
Judges' seat, and had actually got in among them. 
The presiding Judge, alarmed and amazed, called for 
the interference of the sheriff, while she, nothing 
daunted, insisted that she was only taking, her proper 

Those who came in between 1789 and 1791, 

Ebenezer Thomas^ 
AbieL Pitts» 
Joshua Litde^ 
Jona. Moody, 
Andrew Harlot, 
Jona. Redman, 


Hubbard Eastman* 
Seth Fitch, 
David Blair^ 
Daniel Evans, 
Bolton Fish, 
SamudL Little, 
Peter Lord, 
Asa Moore, 

Robert Shirley* 
Timothy Clark, 
Isaac Sfatch, 
Jere. Dudley, 
John North, 
John Butler, 
Allen Landns, 
Charles Witho^ 
Richard Davis, 
Elijah Clarke 
Edward Pafaner, 
Thomas Palmer, 
Anna Palmer, 
James Pickard. 

For those who permanently settled here, between 
1791 and the date of the separation of Gardiner from 
Pittston, the reader is referred to the Tax lists of 
that date, published on subsequent pages. 

A pound was wanted on the eastern side of the 
river, in 1790, and it was decided *• to give Eli An- 
drews five pounds, fifteen shillings to build said 
pound, as large, as strong and as compleat in every 
respect, as the pound is at Cobacyeonty, Iron Hinges 
and a good Lock and Kea." £ 10 were raised in 

* Kennebec JonxnaL 


1791, toward finishing the meeting-house. The town 
meetings which were held at the hotel of Henry 
Smith, up to the year 1791, were at the meeting- 
house thereafter. May 16, 1791, the question was 
taken, whether Maine should become a separate State, 
and there were 45 yeas and 5 nays, in Pittston. 
The same question was tried in 1 792, and there were 
33 yeas and one nay. 

The same year the small pox prevailed badly, and 
Col. Norcross' house was the pest house. The 
people, voted that it was not expedient to inoculate 
for the disease. 

Much discussion arose in the year 1793, concern- 
ing the route for the road from Worromontogus to 
Hsdiowell, and Capt. Samuel Oakman having written 
and published an article in favor of the old route, it 
was voted to transmit the article to the Court of 
Sessions at Pownalboro' as the sense of the town. 
This year Reuben Colburn was sent as a delegate to 
Portland, to take into account the propriety of separ- 
ating from Massachusetts. 

The value then placed on fish may be gathered 
from the fact that in 1794 a bill was found against 
Gardiner, by the grand jury, for neglecting to provide 
a fish committee. 

MALTIAH LAWRENCE,* came in the sprins of 1792, from 
Falmouth. He m. Jerusha Moore, and commenced a blackbmith'a 
shop where William Palmer's store now is. He was alone before 
CoL Stone came, and then was in partnership with him fifteen 
years. He foUowed his business here forty years. He was b. 
1770. Children, 

I. Matilda, b. 1801 ; m. Moses Springer, Esq. Children, 
1, Charles. 2, Caroline. 3, Louisa. 4, Ellen. 6, Francis As- 

n. John, b. 1803 ; m. Jane Neal, sister to Dr. Neal. Chil- 
dren, 1, EmeUne. 2, Maltiah. 3, Sarah J. 

* Maltiah Lawrence. 



UL Mtba, b. 1805 ; d. Dec. 1861 ; m. James Macomber of 
Bangor. Children, 1, Frank. 2, Lodxig. 8» Vnaom, 

lY. Reuben M., m. Mary Smith. Children, 1, Charles. 2, 

y. Sarah A.» nimi. 

TI. Elizabeth, m. Thomas Searey. Children, 1, William* 
2, Marjgaret. 3, Harriet 4, Ellen. 5, Frederic, d. 
VEl. Caboline, m. Charles Osgjood, (deceased.) 
Vm. Harrtbt, m. Albion P. Boffom. 
DL Stltanus N., b. 1827. 

The only mode of traveling at this time, was ,the 
primitive method of going on foot, or on horseback. 
The first wheel carriage was a venerable chaise, 
already outlawed by Fashion in Boston, brought 
here by Mr. Hallowell.* It was one of the first 
chaises invented, and was called by the owner the 
parish chaise, for the appropriate reason that the 
whole parish borrowed it. This was about 1789 or 
90. When Gen. Dearborn returned from Congress 
the first time, he brought a Philadelphia wagon 
with him, which was the wonder of all the boys 
in town, though there was not more than a mile 
of road where it could run.f Then the mail was 
carried on horseback to Portland through Mon- 
mouth. The road to Monmouth was improved 
very much about this time. Mr. Shaw soon bought 
a carriagej of Joseph Lamson, which the latter 
brought from Exeter. The widow Anna Marshall 
removed to Bowman's Point in the spring of 1799, 
and she brought her family in a two wheeled cov- 
ered carriage<5> which she let and used for a long 
time. She kept a house of entertainment, with a 
ship for a sign board. Her children were Benjamin, 
William, Enoch and Betsey. In 1806, Mr. Rufus 
Gayll brought the first new chaise into the town^ for 
which he paid ^135. 

♦ R. Gay, Esq. f Ibid. & B. Shaw, Esq. J B. Shaw, Esq. 
§ Enoch Marshall. ji K. Gay, Esq. 


In 1794, Louis Philip, afterwards king of France, 
and Talleyrand, who were in exile, visited Pitts- 
ton, and remained several days. Rufus Gay relates, 
that on returning from church, which was held in the 
Great House, that year, he found them at Gen. Dear- 
bom's, and that his brother Seth shook hands with 
them, and that he saw them both repeatedly. Some 
have denied that the French king was ever here, but 
there can be no doubt of it. While they were at Mr. 
Taughan's, at Hallowell, Talleyrand went out fishing 
one day in Taughan's brook and fell in, where the 
water was deep and swift. A little boy was with 
him, and he reached him his fishing pole, and helped 
him out. The crafty old French statesman could 
usually work his way out of trouble. 

There was a heavy frost about the middle of May, 
1794, which nearly destroyed fruit, berries, nuts, &c. 
In October, 1793, a snow storm came, and covered the 
potatoes several inches deep. It remained for several 
days, and the weather was so cold as to freeze the 
river. The snow protected the potatoes, so that they 
were not injured. June 16, 1795, a great frost cut 
down all vegetation. 

" William Swan,* Esq. settled in Groton, Mass., 
about the year 1774, was engaged in trade, which 
business he was subsequently compelled to relin- 
quish by reason of the peculiar state of the currency 
of the country, its rapid decline in value having 
proved ruinous to many persons. In 1777, he was 
one of a company of volunteers which marched from 
Groton to Saratoga, to a^ist in the capture of Gen. 
Burgoyne and his army ; they arrived at Saratoga, 
about the time of the surrender, and did not have it 
in their power therefore to render any very signal ser- 
vice ; it was however a tedious and laborious march, 

* Com. by Maj. Edward Swan. 


owing to the bad state of the roads, traveling on 
foot about 400 miles, the whole service occupying 
about six weeks, during which time there fell much 
rain and snow. At one time, as Assistant, he dis- 
charged the duties of Clerk of the Courts in Middle- 
sex county, which situation he resigned, against the 
advice of his friends ; he was an active magistrate in 
the County of Middlesex, from 1790 to the time of 
his removal into Maine, and afterwards, in the Coun- 
ty of Kennebec for many years, having had cogni- 
zance in all of more than 3000 cases. He removed 
from Groton in Aug. 1794, first settled in Maine at 
Otisfield in the County of Cumberland, from whence 
he removed to this place, March, 1796. While re- 
siding here,^he was several years one of the wardens 
of what is now Christ's Church, and selectman and 
assessor of the town. He removed to Winslow, in 
1806, and was elected and served as a member of the 
convention which framed the (present) Constitution 
of Maine. He was always a firm supporter of the 
Constitution and laws of his country and of all relig- 
ious, moral and educational institutions, which he 
deemed important for the well being of society. He 
was a man of great integrity and uniformity of 

WILLIAM SWAN,* b. Boston, 1746 ; a descendant in the 
fourth generation from Dr. Thomas Swan, who was graduated 
at Harvard, 1689 ; m. 1776, in Groton, Mass. to Mercy Forter ; d. 
Winslow, 1835 ; Mercy d. 1815. Children, 

I. Sakah, b. Groton, 1777 ; m. 1796, Hon. Thomas Biee ; 
d. 1840, no issue. 

n. Elizabeth, b. Groton, 1780 ; m. 1801, George Crosby, 
Esq., Augusta ; d. 1809, no issue. 

III. William, b. Groton, 1782; m. 1827, Mary Ck>dmAn of 

lY. Edward, b. Groton, 1783; m. 1804, Susan Shaw of 
Gardiner; she d. 1847; m. 1849, Harriet Shaw. Children, 1, 

♦ Maj. Edward Swan. 


Edward B., b. 1805 ; m. Sarah A. E. Davis, 1840 ; d. 1847. 2, 
W01iam, b. 1806; m. in Liyerpool, Eng. 1836, to Elizabeth 
Wylde. 3, Catharine, b. 1808 ; m. 1832, Joseph Adams, Esq., of 
Gardiner. 4, Thomas, b. 1810; m. Margaret Shaw, 1835; d. 
1839. 5, Margaret, b. 1812, m. Peter Grant, 1835 ; d. 1843, (see 
Grant.) 6, George, b. 1814; d. 1841. 7, Christiana, b. 1817. 
8, Mercy P.^ b. 1821 ; m. 1844, Charles B. Clapp. 9, Emma.J. G.» 
b. 1825 ; m. 1849, Franklin Glazier, Jr., (see Tarbox.) 

V. Ebancis, b. 1785 ; settled in "Winslow, 1809 ; m. Han- 
nah Child, 1814; removed to Calais, 1834. Children, 1, Sarah 
Porter, b. Feb. 5, 1816 ; m. K. H. Manning, of N. Y. J840 ; d. 
Santa Cmz, Dec. 21, 1841. 2, James Child, b. Aug. 4, 1817 ; m. 
Helen Trask, Sept. 9, 1845. 3, William Henry, b. Jan. 13, 1819 ; 
lives in N. Y. 4, Francis Keyes, b. Oct. 20, 1820 ; m. Sept. 16, 
1843, Emily Bradbury. 5, Charles Edward, b. Sept. 5, J 822 ; m. 
Mary D. Downes, Sept. 26, 1849 ; she d. July 9, 1851. 6, Eugene, 
b. July 23, 1824. 

YL Tbomab, b. 1787 ; d. of SmaU Pox in W. I. 1805. 
YTL SoPKU, b, 1789, d. 1814. 
Vin. Mart, b. 1792, d. 1838. 
IX. Lavinia, b. 1797, m. 1822, Kev. Thomas Adams; d. Gar- 
diner, 1826. Child, Sarah Barnard, b. 1824. 
X. . Cathabucb, b. 1799, d. 1800. 

Fourth Generation , 

Children of Edward B., and Sarah A. E. Swan. 1, Caroline D. 
b. 1841. 2, Sarah, b. 1844 ; d. 1851. 

Children of WiUiam and Elizabeth Smm. 1, Mary Catherine, b. 
in Eng. 1838. 2, Edward W., b. in Eng., 1839. 3, Elizabeth, b. 
Gardiner, 1842. 

Children of Joseph and Catharine Adams, 1, Susan S., b. 1833. 
2, Edward B.^h. 183a 3, Joseph L., b. 1838. 4, George, b. 1840. 
5, Elizab^h W., b. 1842. 6, Julia C, b. 1845. 7, Francis H., b. 

Children of Thomas and Margaret Swan. 1, Thomas, b. 1836. 
2, Benjamin, b. 1838. 

Children of Charles B, Knidi" Mercy P, Clap* 1, Agnes H., b. 
1846. 2, Charles P., b. 1848. 

Child of li. H. and Sarah P. Manning. 1, Sarah Augusta, 
b. Aiig. 1841. 

Children of James C. and Helen Swan. 1, Helen Louisa, b. 
May 21, 1846. 2, Sarah Porter, b. April 25, 1848. 3, Annie 
Child, b. March 11, 1850. 

Children of Francis K. and Emily Smm, 1, Henry Stcnrer, b. 
Dec. 8, 1844. 2, EmUy Manning, b. Oct. 24, 1846. 

Child of Charles E. and Mary D. Sttxuu 1, Mary Downes, 
b« June 1, 1851. 

Edward Swan, who came to Pittston in March, 
1796, says : — " The only families residing from the 
Rolling dam brook, to what is now the southern 



boundary of Hallowell, and extending two miles 
westward from the Kennebec river, were those of 
the following persons:" (stated from memory.) 

Mr. Joahna Knox, 




Gen. Henry Dearborn, 
Jedediah Jewett, Esq., 
Mr. William Barker, 
Capt. Scth Gay, 
Mr. Ebenezer Bjrram, 

Reuben Moore, 

Benjamin Shaw, 

Eleazer Tarbox, 

Joseph Bradstreet, 

Peter Grant, 

Andrew Bradstreet, 
Capt. William Springer, 
Moses Springer, 
James Springer, 
Mr. Ichabod Plaisted, 

Daniel Jewett, 

Samuel Lang, 

Thomas Towns, 

Joseph Eyeleth, 

Nathaniel Berry, 

Thomas Berry, 

Unmarried men considered permanent residents : - 

Rev. Joseph Warren, > being the only Professional men 
Dr. James Parker, ) ^^^^ residing in Pittston. 










Benniah DooTy 
Allen Door, 
Daniel Door, 
Henry McCaiuland, 
Robert McCaualand, 
Dominicos Wakefield^ 
James Door, 
James P. ETana* 
Abraham fits, 
Jonathan Oldham, 
Ezekiel PoUard, 
EzekieL Webber, 
James McCnrdy, 



Richard Walker, 
Thomas Francia, cdloxed. 
Matthias Lewis, ** 

Mr. Rufus Gay, 

William G. Warren, 
Barzillai Gannet, 
Bartholomew Kimball, 
Nathaniel Hall, 
Jonathan Redman, 
Jeremiah Wakefield, 
Augustus Ballard, 





Mr. James Lowell, 
Joseph Gliddni, 
Hugh Cox, 
Cyrus Ballard, 
Samuel Elwell, 
Maltiah Lawrence, 
John Stone, 
Samuel Hodgdon. 







A brief sketch may here be given, of the Bow- 
man's Point tract, as it was about this time that it 
was settled. 

It was the next lot north of the Cabbassa tract, 
and was granted to Thomas Hancock, who bequeath- 
ed it to his nephew William Bowman, in 1763, It 
soon obtained the name of Bowman's Point. It 
commenced 180 rods north of the mouth of Cab- 
bassa-contee, and extended north one half mile, and 
west £ve miles. It was bowwded north by land 


owned by James Pitts, and south by Dr. Gardiner's 
1600 acre lot * 

In the year 1796,t the Bowinan Point tract was 
purchased of Jonathan Bowman of Dresden, by 
Peter Grant, trader, James Parker, physician, and 
James Springer, Moses Springer, Joseph Glidden, Jr, 
and Hugh Cox, shipwrights, for $4000,00. This 
land was then a part of Hallowell, and contained 
1680 acres. The southern boundary was a half mile 
and twenty rods north of the Cabbassa-contee, in 
the gully north of the residence of Hon. Parker 
Sheldon, and the northern boundary was the 3200 
acre lot of James Pitts, and Robert Pierpont's lot. 
It was 176 rods wide on the ri\rer, and 226 rods on 
the back end, and four miles long. When divided 
others purchased, and Samuel Hodgdon, Augustus 
Ballard, William Springer, Jeremiah Wakefield and 
Daniel Norcross became proprietors. Each received 
a small lot on the river for a homestead, and other 
portions in different parts of the tract. There were 
seventeen lots. The southern was the first. Moses 
Springer took No. 1 and 6 ; James Springer received 
2, 6, and 17 ; Daniel Norcross, 3 ; Jeremiah Wake- 
field, 4 ; William Springer, 7 and 8 ; Peter Grant, 9 
and 10; Josep>h Glidden, 11; Hugh Cox, 12; Au- 
gustus Ballard, 13; Samuel Hodgdon, 14; Doct. 
Parker, 16 and 16. The land was surveyed by 
William Barker, and was a part of the original lot 
No. 20. 

Mr. Grant, who was the originator of this project, 
was driven to this course. He had hired a mill for 
some time, and wished to buy, but he could not, for 
the most of the property in West Pittston was own- 
ed by a minor, and his guardians were not empower- 
ed to sell. He was able to buy at the Point, and at 

* VHacaaaet Records. Hancock's WilL "^ 'Pe^tet Qcx«sX^^SAf\. 


reasonable prices, and he removed to that place im- 
mediately, and commenced shipbuilding. 

In the year 1800,* the following additional persons 
resided at the Point in Gardiner, then Hallowell. 
Wm. G. Warren, Nath'I Kimball, James McCurdy, 
Wm. Griffin, Anna Marshall, Samuel Davis, and 
Benj. Fitch. The population at this time was 117. 
In 1796, the road from Caleb Stevens' to the river, 
and the Cabbassa road, were accepted. 

The " Gold Hunters," have made Pittston one 
of the places where they have "sought, but never 
found." At the commencement of the present cen- 
tury, Daniel Lambert, who lived in Canaan, sudden- 
ly announced, that through the medium of witch- 
hazel rods, he had discovered wealth untold, conceal- 
ed in different places. To prove what he related, 
he exhibited several old pieces of brass, battered, but 
highly polished, and was frequently found digging 
on the farms of his neighbors, and at length in other 
towns. Gradually he inoculated the entire popula- 
tion of the Kennebec valley with a treasure-seeking 
mania, and people in all conditions of life, were 
found digging, from Anson to Seguin, and all along 
the coast, even to Rhode Island. The Pebble Hills, 
in Pittston, was a famous place, and excavations 
were there made eighty feet deep. The curious 
may now see large pits as evidence of the folly of 
former days. 

Lambert at length gave out that he had found 
huge quantities of gold, and succeeded in deceiving 
the people so that they sold their farms and stock, 
and gave all their property to him, and hundreds 
thus beggared themselves. He announced that a 
large amount had been sent to Philadelphia to be 
coined, and that he should make a general distribu- 

* Mass. Census oi t\i.«A.7e«ci. 


tion on the first of September, but with the arrival 
of the day he disappeared. He was not heard from 
for several years, but when the excitement had 
subsided, he was known to have settled on the 
upper Penobscot. " Lambert's Day," was for a 
long time observed with much hilarity, and the 
transaction is still remembered as one of those 
foolish infatuations which sometimes degrade com- 

Deriving no wisdom from experience, about a 
dozen years after, it began to be whispered about 
that a negro boy named ^< Mike" had a rare faculty 
bestowed on him. He could place a perforated 
stone which he had in his possession, in his hat, 
and immediately he could reveal the hiding places 
of buried treasure. This "maimm" declared, with- 
out the aid of ^^ spiritual communication,^^ that 
money had been deposited among the pebbles in 
Pittston, and that it was very deep, for, though 
originally it was near the surface, the water had 
rolled the stones over it, and now, he said, 'he could 
see it down very deep. So his dupes digged eighty 
feet, and found nothing. The conclusion left on 
the minds of posterity is this, that the excavations 
were deeper than the people who made them. 

^And notwithstanding all this, there has hardly 
been a single summer which has not found men, 
wasting their time, and presenting a spectacle of 
folly, as they have sifted and examined the locality 
for gold. As late as last year, 1861, there were sev- 
eral who were thus at work. 


JOHN STONE,* b. Kennebunk, January 3, 1772 ; came to 

* Benjamin F., John, and Capt. William Stone. Dr. Theobald. 
Capt. Kunball. 



Fittstonin 1796; m. Sarah Bailer; d. Much li, 1848; she b. 
Dec. 22, 1782.* Children, 

L Julia, b. May 12, 1800 ; m. CapL Xathaniel KimbalL 
Children, 1, Julia A., b. Jan. 22, 1824 ; m. F. P. Theobald, IdL D. 
2, Frederic Nathaniel, b. April 23, 1826; m. Susan Badger. 3, 
John Franklin, b. Aug. 8, 1832 ; d. California, June 9, 1850. 4, 
George S., b. 1833. 5, William H., b. Aug. 20, 1836. 6, Parker 
James, b. Feb 21, 1838. 7, Charles Edward, b. Hay 17, 1640. 
IL Mabt, b. March 6, 1802; m. John P. Hunter. Children, 
1, Mary Augusta. 2, Ellen Dorcas. 3, John Lothrop. 4, Ed- 
ward G., d. 5, Edwa^rd. 6, Georgiaaa. 7, Isabella. 

llL Benjaxot F., b. S^t. 26, 1804 ; m. Caroline G. Kenney, 

IV. John, b. Dec. 20, 1806; m. Caroline Avery; she b. 
March 25, 1808 ; m. Nov. 25, 1829. Children, 1, Frances C, b. 
Feb. 8, 1831. 2, Sarah J., b. Blarch 25, 1839. 8, Emma B., b. 
May 28, 1841 ; d. Jan. 19, 1844. 4, Charles A., b. June 8, 1843. 
5, Emma K., b. April 27, 1845. 6, Harry J., b. Jan. 8, 1849. 

v. William, b. Jan. 31, 1809; m. Harriet B. Marston, b. 
1818. ChUdren, 1, Frederic William, b. 1839. 2, WiDiam N., b. 
1846. 3, Mary M., b. 1848. 

YI. George E., b. March 21, 1814; m. Elizabeth fields; 

YIL Sa&ah J., b. April 28, 1816 ; d. 1888. 

Fourth Generation* 

Son of F. P. and Julia A. Theobaid. Philip K, b. August 22, 

RICHARD CLAY,t b. Buxton, York Co., August 17, 1779 ; 
came to Pittston, 1799 ; m. Olive Bradstreet, May 17, 1808 ; he d. 
Sept. 29, 1848 ; she d. 1818 ; 2d wife, Rebecca Purrington, widow 
of James, m. 1819. Children, 

I. Nancy E., b. 1806 ; m. John Plaisted. (See Plaisted.) 
n. Emeline M., b. ] 808 ; m. Charles Gardiner, of Boston. 
Children, 1, Olive L. 2, Henry R. ^ 

UI. Olive, b. 1810; m. Loring Macomber, who d. 1837; 
since m. N. B. Norton ; no children. 

lY. Sarah, b. 1812 ; m. Samuel Springer. Childmi, 1, 
George. 2, Olive L. 3, Henrietta. 

Y. James A., b. 1814 ; m. Emily S. Stevens of Hallowell. 
ChUdren, 1, James, b. Nov. 15, 1836. 2, Clarintine, b. Oct. 11, 

YI. Henry T., b. 181 7 ; m. Susan M. Sprague ; moved to Bos- 
ton, 1847. Children, 1^ Marcellus L. 2, Saridi E. 3, Josephine 
A. 4, EUa E. 5, Richard F. 

* Mrs. Mar}'' Butler, mother of Mrs. Sarah Stone, whose maiden 
name was Lawrence, is now living at the residence of the late Col. 
John Stone, at the advanced age of 95 years. 
t James A. and Henry T. Clay. 


In 1796, the Cabbassa and Eastern river districts 
relinquish^ their part of the town or meeting-house, 
to the other part of the town, on condition of being 
exonerated from all expense for the future. In 1797, 
the vote for separation stood 76 to 19. In 1798 the 
propriety of dividing the county of Lincoln, a ques- 
tion which had been agitated for some time, was 
deeply considered, and the Hon. Henry Dearborn 
was chosen delegate to a convention held in Hallo- 
well, in October of that year, and a portion of Lin- 
coln county was erected into Kennebec county, Feb. 
20, 1799, and Barzillai Gannet was Clerk of the 

The Togus road over Beech Hill was accepted in 
1799. At this time the population was about 1 400, 
of whom 650 were in Gardiner, 150 at Bowman's 
Point, and 600 in Pittston. 

"About this time," writes Gen. Dearborn, " I went, 
down to the mouth of the river with my father and 
there were not over twenty houses to be seen from 
Gardiner to Stage Island, at- the mouth of the river, 
on both banks." 

Robert Hallowell, son-in-law of Dr. Gardiner, and 
father of R. H. Gardiner, Esq., who began to be 
here considerably, about the time that the town was 
incorporated, was born in Boston, in July, 1739. 
He was proscribed and banished in 1778. "He 
appeared as an addresser of Gage, in 1775. He 
accompanied the British troops to Halifax on the 
evacuation of Boston, and in July, 1776, was wait- 
ing at the former place to embark for England in the 
ship Princess Royal. His sister Sarah, wife of Sam- 
uel Yaughan, Esquire, of London, died in England, 
in 1809 ; and his sister Anne, widow of General 
Gould, died in Bristol, England, in 1812."* He died 

* Sabine's LoyaUstft* 


in Gardiner, in April, 1818. His grave-stone, under 
a comer of Christ Church, declares that he was 
a <<man of firm' integrity, distinguished courtesy, 
and strong affections." 

That many of those who joined the British, 
against their country, were conscientious, cannot be 
doubted. They supposed the American efforts des* 
tined to failure, and their sympathies were all English. 
Sabine in his << Loyalists" declares, that << nearly all 
the Loyalists of Maine were Episcopalians, and that 
few of other communions in that State adhered to 
the King." Educated in the English Church, and 
with English political principles instilled from birth, 
it is no cause of wonder that they should adhere to 
the crown. 

Robert Hallowell Gardiner, the present owner and 
occupant of Oakland farm, is a son of the foregoing, 
and was born in England, during the absence of his 
parents and grandfather, about 1781-2.* Dr. Gardi- 
ner was displeased at the Unitarian and Republican 
principles of his son John, and William was not an 
efficient man, and he settled nearly all his property 
on his grandson, Robert Hallowell, then about five 
years of age, on condition that he should assume the 
name of Gardiner, which he did. 

A petition! dated, Boston, Nov. 6, 1801, and sign- 
ed Robert Hallowell, Junior, " humbly shews, that 
Robert Hallowell, the younger, of Boston, in the 
County of Suffolk, Gentleman, is the devisee of a 
large and valuable estate, upon condition that he 
shall change his name to that of Gardiner, which he 
is desirous of doing, he therefore prays, that the 
Legislature will be pleased to pass an act to change 
the name of your petitioner to that of Robert Hallo- 

♦ Daniel Nutting, Esq. Moses Springer, Esq. 
t Mass. Archiyes. 


well Gardiner, and that by the latter name he may 
to every legal intent be known and called." 

March 11, 1802, a special act was passed by the 
Massachusetts Iicgislature, enacting ''that Robert 
Halhwell, the younger, of Boston, in the county 
of Suffolk, gentleman, shall be allowed to take the 
name of Robert Halhwell Gardiner, ^^ 

The road from King's mill to the Kennebec, 
coming out at Warromontogus, was accepted in the 
year 1803. 

At the time Mr. Gardiner came into possession, 
there were about 650 people within the limits of 
Gardiner, of whom some sixty were squatters. By 
a variety of measures these latter were persuaded 
to sell their improvements or to purchase a legal 
title. The proprietor firmly but liberally compro- 
mised all diflferences with those who were on his 
lands when he came of age in 1803, so that those 
painful scenes of bloodshed elsewhere witnessed 
when settling land difficulties were never known 
here. The area of Gardiner was from this time 
rapidly peopled, and as will be seen by the next 
chapter, an act of separation was called for and 


• - «» < 

-nXAJirU: »» .• -> 



The events since the separation of Gardiner from 
Pittston have not been of a remarkable character in 
either town. Pittston has been steadily growing, 
and those arts and pursuits that are the elements of 
prosperity, have been largely possessed. The first 
inhabitants and owners of property after the separa* 
tion, may be known by the following list of tax- 
payers, for the year 1803. Copied verbatim. 




d. C. fW. 

d,e, m* 

Widow Hannah Agry, 


Samuel Cutts and 


Capt. David Agry, 


liam Stevens, 


Widow Hannah Bailey, 


Lenard Cooper, 


Nathaniel Bailey, 


Joseph Colman, 


Nath'l BaUey, Jr., 


Richard Cookson, 


David Bailey, 


Isaac Clark, 


Henry Bodge, 


Bumham Clark, 


John Barker, 


Eldred & Crowell, 


Jona. Blanchard, 


Reuben Colbom, 


William Blanchard, 


JacQb Daniels, . 


John Bailey, 


Ezra Davis, 


Nathan Bailey, Jr, 


Samuel Davis, 


Peter Benner, 


James Dudley, 


Joseph Blodget, 


Alvan Diramick, 


Benj. Colbom, 


Hobert Eastman, 


Joseph Colbom, 


Judah Eldred, 


William Church, 


Micah Eldred, 


Samuel Clark, 


Francis Flitner, 


Kichard Calvert, 


Joseph Flitner, 


Wid'w Margaret Colbom, 


Benj. Flitner, 


Capt Oliver Colbom, 


Benj. FoUensbie, 


Thomas Cosa, 





Thomw FreemBii, 


Dennu Gonld. 


ClwriM OUdden, 


AjTDold Glidden. 


Joseph Ureen, 


Freeborn Groves, 



BetsT Hailev, 


Martin Hoiler, 


Nathaniel HaUey. 


Nalhaniel Hall. 


Willism Hanorer, 


'William HaDorer, Jr., 


$l1ss Hunt, 


Ephniiin Hatch, 



Jonathan Jewct, 






Samuel Jones, 


Himoaa Jackson, 


Benj. JackBOU. 


CbiMtopher JaokitiB, 


Christotiliec Jdciins, Jr. 


Jam™ Jaltinn. 


Andrew Johnson, 


Jamea Johasoa, 


Levi JohnsoD. 


AbinChnr Kendall, 


John Law, 


Jacob Loud, 


Peleg Loud, 




Itod^cr Lapham, 


James Lapinuo, 


Samuel Little. 


Abnet Ubtboh. 
Abner Marson. Ji.. 

Stephsn Manton, 
George Marion, 
David Moore, 
William Moody, 
Scribner Moody, 
Samuel Maraon, 
Samuel ilaraon, Jr. 
Robert ilcNight, 
Samuel Oakman, Esq.. 
Samuel Oakman, Jr. 
Cbarlea Otgood, 


Edward Palmer, 


Samuel Palmer, 


Jeremiah Piokard, 


James Pickard, 


Benj. Pulcifcr, 


Joseph Pulsiler, Jr., 


Joseph KawliiiRM, 


James Uavtinga, 



Stephen Rowe, 


Obadiah Baad. 


IsHBc Read, 


Henry Smith, 


Ueorgo Stnndly, 


John Stephens, 


Levi Shepherd. 


Henry Smith, Jr.. 


John Smith, 


Jeremiah Smith, 


Jamei Smith, 


Theleu^of SethSoper. 


Caleb Stephens, 


Caleb Stephens, Jr., 


Daniel Scot, 


Alexander Troop, 


John TaKpnrd, 


Jlobeit TBKfjard, 


Samuel TliOTuus, 


Simeon Town. 


Renj. Trnak, 


Jonathnn Winalow, 


David Young. 


David Young, Jr.. 


Robert Hollowell, Esq., 



Oliver Whipple, Esq., 


VVm. Howard and heira 

of Suniu el Howard, 


Jaraea Duraeris^iue. 


Isaac PillHhory. 


Hanson Jlight, 


Edward Lawi«nee, 


William Gardiner, 


Burrell Lot, no called. 


Ehenoiicr Church, 


Dr. Jameii Parker, 


Heirs of John Winthro 

' ^,1V3. 





Sdmund Bridge, Esq., 
Sdmund Bridge, Jr., 
James N. Lithgow, 
James Marr, 
David Murry, 
Joseph Fribble, 


Andrew Goodwin, 


d. e. m. 


o. c. in. 
Peter Brjrson, 1»66,6 

Henry Dearborn, Esq, 2,75,7 
Seth Gay, Esq., 1,69,3 

Ebenezer Byram, 1,72,0 

Sam'l Davis of Hallowell, 0,28,8 
David Blinn, 0,60,0 

Francis Blinn, 0,81,2 

Joseph North, Esq., 1,64,5 

SiNGLB FoLLs, taxod $2,23 each. 

Henry Adams, 
Ebeneser Blod!get, 
Bisbee Boulton, 
Bufus Cushman, 
Daniel Davis, 
Samuel Dudley, 
Oliver Foster, 
John Follensbie, 
Samuel Follensbie, 

Daniel Follensbie, 
Jedediah Cowin, 
Simeon Cunningham, 
John C. Gookin, 
William Hatch, 
Seth Hunt, 
Faul Home, 
Thomas Mead, 

Benj. Marson, 
David PhUbrooks, 
Samuel Tarbox, 
Joseph Trask, 
David White, 
John White, 
John Bobertson, 
— — NowaL 

The road from Beech HDl to Eastern River, that 
from Samuel Marson's to the County road, and that 
from Reed's saw-mill to the road from Pittston to 
Millford, were accepted in 1 804.* 

The town landing (on Eastern River, below the 
mills, commonly called the board landing,) was laid 
out in 1804. The town remonstrated with the 
State Legislature in 1806, through a committee 
consisting of Samuel Bishop, Samuel Oakman and 
Re.uben Colburn, against the erection of a biidge at 
Swan Island. The representative to Boston was 
instructed to vote against the project. In the year 
1807, the people of Pittston were opposed to erect- 
ing the State of Maine from the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts. The vote stood, for, 24; against', 
64. In 1808 the town refused to petition the Pres- 
ident to take oflf the embargo ; but passed several 
resolutions professing a determination to support 
Government and the Executive. 

Pittston was divided into two parishes in the y^ar 

♦ Tcwn "RecotOka. 


1810. The line was ran by Carr Barker, a quaker, 
on *Uhe 8th day of the 11th month, 1810." 

November 23, 1811, it was " voted that the town 
should petition to the Legislature of this Common- 
wealth to grant them some relief on Worromatogus 
bridge, so called, by a lottery or some other means." 
The State listened to the request, and granted the 
town a township of land. The bridge was repaired 
at an expense of $1800. 

In the year 1812, there was a great zeal in behalf 
of the country. The town voted "to raise a sum 
of money to make the detached militia now drafted 
up ten dollars per month for six months after they 
are called for into actual service, and assist after 
they return, provided they return in six months 
after they are called for into actual service, providing 
the Government do not allow it. Voted, that the 
above additional sum shall be paid to the family of 
those detached militia, if they stand in need in their 

During the year 1814 a very mortal sickness, 
callied the cold fever, prevailed. Pittston lost some 
of its best people thereby. Benjamin Colbura, Sen., 
d. April 18 ; Benjamin Colbura, Jr., d. May 1 ; 
Hannah Colbura, d. April 29 ; Judah Eldred, d. 
April 27 ; John Gardiner, d. April 20 ; Levi Shorey, 
d. March 26 ; John Clark, d. March 28 ; Jno. 
Barker, d. May 17; Samuel Barker, d. April 17; 
Mrs. Asa Parker, d. May 1 8 ; Widow Hobart, d. 
May 19 ; Widow Dunham, d. Jan. 6 ; Thomas Dow, 
d. March 3 ; Widow Bailey, d. March 20 ; James 
Clark, d. March 24 ; Widow Clark, d. March 25 ; 
John Goodwin, d. March 19. 

David Neal was chosen in 1816 to' attend a 
Convention held in Brunswick in reference to a 
separation from Massachusetts. The question of 
separation was taken in town meeting, and ces^VLlte^i^ 
yeas, 52; nays^ 34. In 1819, the Yole ^^& ^V^^^&n 


and 18 nays, and Eli Young was chosen a delegate 
to the Convention which met in Portland, in Octo- 
ber of that year, for the purpose of framing a Con- 
stitution. When the constitution was presented to 
the people, the vote was 20 for, and 8 against. 

At the time Maine became a distinct State the 
statistics of Pittston were taken, and the following 
productions were reported for the year 1820 : — 446 
acres of tillage ; 1747 acres of upland mowing ; 
28 acres of fresh mowing ; 1613 acres of pasture ; 
176 barns; 116 horses; 278 oxen; 478 cows; 
251 swine ; 2061 bushels of Indian corn ; 870 bush- 
els of wheat ; 25 bushels of rye ; 222 bushels of 
oats; 101 bushels of barley; 86 bushels of peas 
and beans; 1511 tons of upland hay; and 23 tons 
of fresh hay ; 633 tons of shipping ; $4,400 of 
stock in trade. The average wealth to each individ- 
ual in the State being called $100, the average in 
Pittston was $101, showing that the people were 
better oflf than the average. 

Sept. 9; 1833, it was ^^ voted, that no license be 
granted by the selectmen for the retailing of spirit- 
uous liquors. Voted, that the town instruct the 
Town Agent to complain of all persons who shall 
sell Spirituous Liquors. Also voted that special 
agents be chosen to see that the laws are not vio- 
lated, and to prosecute all persons who sell spirituous 
liquors in this town." Samuel Clark, George Wil- 
liamson, and Leonard Blanchard, were chosen for 
that purpose, and in the year following it was re- 
solved by the town that "no licenses be granted by 
the proper officers for the retailing of spirituous 
liquors to be drank in stores or shops. Samuel 
Clark, Leo'nard Blanchard, Benjamin Follansbee, Jr., 
Charles Loud and Dudley Young, were constituted 
a committee to complain of all persons who should 
jseU spirituous liquors in the town. 

The lines were perambulated ^xid &a^^ %d.\usted 



between Pittston, Dresden and Alna, October 21, 
1844 ; and this year the town sold the old meeting- 
house and built a Town House. A strip of land 
fifty rods long on the river was taken from Hal- 
lowell, (now Chelsea,) that winter and added to 
Pittston. This included land belonging to Rufus 
White, John Dow, and Greoirge Lyon. 

The annexed tables of votes, taxes, officers, etc., 
of Pittston, will inform the reader of various matters 
of interest which have transpired in the town* 







Nathaniel Thwing had 25 votes for Register of Deeds. 

GoYBBNOB. Lieut. Got. TotaL 

John Hancock, 34 Thomas Gushing, 36 


John Hancock, 

John Hancock, 

John Hancock, 
John Hancock, 
John Hancock, 
John Hancock, 
Samuel Adams, 
Samuel Adams, 
Samuel Adams, 
James Sullivan, 

William Heath, 
Caleb Strong, 







After the separation. 



Caleb Strong, 
« « 







Christopher Gore, 41 
" •« 60 

a «< 54 

Christopher. Gore, 65 
Caleb Strong, 59 


Elbridge Gerry, 
James Bowdoin, 
Benj. Lincoln, 
James Bowdoin, 

Elbridge Gerry, 

Increase Sumner, 
Increase Sumner, 
Increase Sumner, 
Increase Sumner, 
Elbridge Gerry, 



Elbridge Gerry, 
James Sullivan, 

« i< 


James Sullivan, 

CC <l 

Levi Lincoln, 
Elbridge Gerry, 
Elbridge Gerry, 








37 100 
44 56 
75 103 
51 72 










Joaeph. "B. N«tii\n&^ 

69 116 

72 114 

eS 122 

81 135 

82 137 
ai Q<\ 


Caleb Strong, 
John Brook*, 


ThomH Eldrod, 
Henrj DcMbom, 
B. W. 

TbomNiCoH, 2 

Charles Cuuier, 1 

Ez^d Whitman, 33 
]. O. Huntoon, 160 

Daa'l Ooodeuow,! 1 1 


Peleg Spragne, 281 
Wm. King, 72 

Edward Kent, 105 
" 237 

Edward Kent, 270 


F. H. Moise, 88 
David BroDBOD, 178 
Elijah L. Hamlin, 174 
.. .. " 12« 
Win. Q. CKH*y, 99 

CrowninAteld, 63 93 


Eoliect P. Diinlap, 
Goibam Fariu, 
John Fairfield, 

120 > 

Jere'h Curtia, 

John FairfliH 116 1 

Scafg, 27 S 
Andenon & KaTUiagh, 93 1 

Jn9. Appleton, 20 J 

Hugh I. Anderaon, 188 > 

Jna. Appleton, 36 $ 

llugh J. Anderson, 62 ) 

Snm'l FesBendcn, 22 j 

John \V Dana, 68 > 

AboU. & Scat. 47 S 

John W. Dana, 49 > 

S, FoKSendcn, 4* { 
John W Duia, 
S. Feaneinleii, 
John Hubbaid, 
Qua. F. Talbot, 
John Ku^tAmd, 

71 r' 





18 WashiTi^ton* 

Total, 18 


16 C. C. Pinkney, 

47 Jefferson, 



72 Madison, 

60 Be Witt Clinton* 



32 Mumroe, 



26 Adams, 



62 ** 

28 Jackson, 



172 Clay, 

84 " 



47 Harrisoo, 

33 Van Bnien, 



298 ** 

V2I0 ** 2 AboUtion, 420 


187 aay, 

119 Polk, 31 

** 337 


227 Taylor, 

108 Cass, 63 

« 398 



[Before the separation these officers were taken from ^ther side 

of the river.] 

Beaben Celbum, 1782, 4, 6. 
Samuel Oakman, 17-84, 6, 92, 3, 

4, 5, 7, 1800, 3, 9. 
Henry Dearborn, 1786, 7« 8, 9, 

90, 1, 7, 8, 9. 

Jedediah Jewett, 1791, 3, 6, 6, 8, 

1804, 6, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. 
Jeremiah Dudley, 1792, 4. 
Thomas Agry, 1794. 
B. Gannett, 1797, 8, 9, 1800, 1, 2. 

Afber the separation. 

David Crowell, 1803. Samuel Clark, 1823, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9. 

David Agry, 1806. 30, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 44, 6, 7, 8, 60* 

Thomas Eldred, 1807, 11, 12, 13, Jonathan Young, 1326. 

14, 16, 16, 17, 20, 1, 2, 3. Rufus Gay, 1826- 

Thomas Coss, 1809, 10, 11, 13, John Stevens, 1829. 

16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 32. 
AbiatVr KendaU, 1812, 13, 16, 16. 
David Young, 1813, 14. 
Eli Young, 1814, 17, 29, 31, 3, 6. 
Caleb Stevens, 1817. 
Jacob Loud, 1818, 19. 

George Jewett, 1831, 46, 9, 60. 
Eliakim Scammon, 1832, 4. 
Henry Dearborn, 1836. 
Gideon Barker, 1836. 
Dudley Young, 1837, 9, 40, 1. 
Joel Johnson, 1842, 3, 4, 6, 6. 

George Williamson, 1820, 6, 30, Cyrus Rimdlet, 1843. 

If 2, 3, J. 

Abiel V. Goodwin, 1844. 
James M. Carpenter, 1861, 2. 


Joseph North, 1774-6, in Provin- 
cial Congress. 

1786, voted not to send. 

Beuben Colbum, 1786, 96. 

William Barker, 1789. 

Jedediah Jewett, 1792, 6, 1801, 

Barzillai Gannett, 1797. 

Gen. Henry Djearbom, 1798, 9. 

Samuel Oakman, 1800, 3, 4. 

Thomas Eldred, 1807. 

David Young, 1809, 11, 13, 16. 

Oliver Colbum, 1812, 14. 

Thomas Coss, 1819, 20, 2, 4.* 

♦ Signifies majority, t "PlAMCti^t^. 



ilSBTCH OF Pin*ttTCMf. 

WilHam HUton, 1821. 
Joseph MerriU, 1823.* 
Eliakim Scammon, 1825,* 7,* 9, 

80, 4, 6, 46. 
Chailes Cmiier, 1826,* 8.* 
Henry Dearborn, 1831, 8. 
John Sterens, 1832, 3. 
Hiram Stevens, 1836, 7. 

John Blanchard, 1889, 40. 
Samuel G. Bailey, 1841. 
Gkorge WilliamsoD, 1842. 
William Txoop, 1643, 4. 
John CoBSf 1847. 
Samud Clark, 1848.t 
Benjamin Flitner^ 1849.t 
Classed with Vienna, 1860-1. 

Note. The above may not all have been ^ected, in cons^- 
quence of the vote being canc^ed by the town with which Pitts- 
ton was classed. 

Nathanid Berry, 1781. 
Henry Smith, 1781. 
Benjamin Colbum» 1781. 
Thomas Agry, 1783. 
Seth Soper, 1783-4. 
Samuel Berry, 1783. 
David Lawrence, 1784. 
Henry Dearborn, 1785, 7, 8, 9. 
Samuel Oakman, 1784, 6, 7, 8, 9, 

90, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 1808. 
Silas Clark, 1785, 6, 9. 
William Bart^er, 1786, 7. 


EU Young, 1812, 13, 14, 15, 17, 

18, 19, 20, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9» 

30, 1, 3, 4, 7, 8. 
Noah Loud, 1815, 16w 
Joseph Blish, Jr., 1818, 19, 21, 

2, 3, 4. 
George Williamson, 1820, 5, 6, 

Henry Dearborn, 1825, 35, 48. 
Samud Clark, 1826. 
WiUiam Steveos, 1827, &. 
John Blancbard, 1827, 8. 

Samuel Dudley, 1788, 93, 4, 5, George Jewett, 1829, 30, 1, 3, 4, 

6, 7, 8. I 7, 8, 42, 5, 50, 1. 

Jedediah Jewett, 1790, 1, 2, 1803, Charles Loud, 1829, 30, 1, 2, 4»5. 

4, 5, 6, 7, 9. 
David Young, 1790, 1, 2. 

William Troop, 1832. 
James Harris, 1832. 

Barzillai Gannett, 1793, 4, 6, 7, John A. Colbum, 1833. 

8, 1801, 2. 
Peter Grant, 1795. 
Beuben Colbum, 1798. 
John Agry, 1799, 1800. 
Reuben Moor, 1799, 1800. 
Isaac Clark, 1799, 1800. 

Gideon BariLer, 1836, 41, 50. 
Benjamin Flitner, 1836» 9, 40, 1, 

2, 3, o. 
George W. Mansur, 1836, 41. 
Dudley Young, 1839, 40. 
Moses B. Bliss, 1839, 40. 

Caleb Stevens, Jr., 1801, 2, 3, 7, Moses Harris, 1842. 

10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16. 
Oliver Currier, 1801. 
Abiathar Kendall, 1802, 8, 10, 

11, 12, 13, 14,17. 
David Crowell, 1803, 4, 5. 
David Agry, 1804, 5, 6. 
Thomas Eldred, 1806, 7, 9, 16. 
Thomas Coss, 1808, 9, 10, 11, 17, 

18, 19, 20, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. 

Cyrus Rundlett, 1843; 4, 6, 7, 9. 
John Y. Kendall, 1844. 
Eliakim Scammon, 1844. 
John £. Merrill, 1845. 
Joel Johnson, 1845. 
John Coss, 1846, 7> 9, 51, 2, 
Benj. F. FuUer, 1848. 
Augustus L. Call, 1850. 
Jona. Clark, 1852. 

WiUiam Wilkins, 1782. 
William Barker, 1783, 4, 5, 6, 7, 
9, 90. 
Thomas Fhilbrook, 1788. 


Jedediah Jewett, 1788. 

Seth Gay, 1791, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 
I 9, 1800, 1, 2. 
\ Baxz\Ii»i QvxmftXX, Vl'^V. 



After the aeparatlon. 

Nathaniel Hall, 1803, 4, 6, 6, 

Benjamin Jackson, 1809, 10, 11, 

12, la. 
Noah Loud, 1814, 15, 16. 
£U Young, 1816, 17, 18, 19, 20, 

1, 2, 3, 4. 

Henry Dearborn, 1825, 6, 7, 8. 
Daniel Sewall, 1829, 30, 1, 2. 
Hiram Stevens, 1833, 4, 5, 6, 7* 
John Dow, 1838, 9, 40, 1, 2. 
Lorenzo S. Clark, 1843, 4, 5. 
Alphonso H. Clark, 1846, 7, 8, 
9, 50, 1, 2. 


Samuel Oakman« 1783, 4, 6, 7, 

1803, 7, 8. 
Henry Smith, 1788. 
WilHam Barker, 1789, 90, 1, 2, 

3, 4, 5 , 6. 
Jedediah Jewett, 1797. 
Seth Gay, 1798, 9, 1800, 1. 
Bufus Gay, 1802, 22, 3, 4, 5, 6, 

7, 8, 9. 
Dayid Agry, 1804. 
David Crowell, 1805.* 
David Agry, 1805, 6. 

Daniel Jewett, 1809, 10, 11. 
Abiathar Kendall, 1812, 18. 
£U Young, 1814, 15, 16, 17» 18, 

19, 20, 1. 
Henry Dearborn, 1830, 1, 4. 
Stephen Young, 1832, 3. 
Gideon Barker, 1835. 
Wm. Stevens, 2d, 1836, 7, 8, 9. 
Alphonso H. Clark, 1840, 1, 2, 8. 
Eliakim Scammon, 1844, 5, 6. 
Benjamin S. Jones, 1847, 8, 9, 

50, 1, 2. 






























































• £100 























>wir, &c. 

















































* David Crowell removed fnna tihe Witil m \%^^— ^* 





The town of Pjtlston, County of Kennebec, State ■ 
of Maine, as it now exists, Hes on the eastern side 
of the Kennebec river, abont 78 miles south-vest 
from Bangor 53 utiles north-east from Portland, and 
six miles south from Augusta. It is bounded north 
by Chelsoa, east by Whitefield, south by Alna and 
Dresden, and west by the lLenii«\>«a -wVith ne^Bcates 


it from Gardiner and Bowdoinham. It is in 44 de- 
grees 10 mioules north latitude, and 7 degrees 30 
minutes east longitude from Washington. It con- 
tains an area of about 21,300 acres, of which 20,962 
are land, and 330 are water. There are 365 acres, 
or 62| miles of roads. It is about seven miles long, 
from north to south, and five miles wide from east to 
west. The soil is much diversified, with hills anc| 
valleys, and ponds and streams, and is generally very 
excellent, especially on the Eastern River and the 
Kennebec. There is much clayey loam, which is 
found to be very fertile. When the town was first 
settled, much of the wood was white oak. The 
most remarkable geological localities are said to be 
the Pebble Hills, situated in the south-western part 
of the town, on the original Haley lot. These hills 
consist almost entirely of small sized pebbles, drifted 
into slight eminences, and so correctly are they nam- 
ed that although excavations have been niade to the 
depth of eighty feet, almost nothing else can be 
found. In digging six or eight feet, the pebbles are 
entirely free from dirt. This place has long been fi^. 
mous for being the resort of Gold diggers, — or rather 
those who have desired to be Gold diggers, for it 
hardly need be added, that gold catmot be found in 
this locality, without the alchemy of some branch of 
productive industry. The idea that hidden treasures 
are concealed among those pebbles had its origin in 
the Lambert fraud, at the commencement of the 
present century, and in the Eldred discovery, in 

The Kennebec River runs seven miles and forty 
rods, or, on the whole western boundary of Pittston, 
and has an average width of about fifty rods. Na- 
humkeag island, containing three or four acres, lies 
between Pittston and Gardiufer. Eastern River rises 
in Whitefield, and enters East Pittston near John Ka- 
ley's farm^ and runs a southerly covxi^ ^ixA ««\^\ivfc^ 
' 16* 

186 SKETCH 01* PlTTBTOir. 

into the Kennebec at Dresden. Where the stream 
enters Dresden it is twenty-three rods wide, and the 
tide flows up about three miles into Pittston. AboVe 
this, at and near the village of East Pittston, are sey* 
eral mills. 

The Worromontogus has one branch, — Meadow 
Brook, — which rises in Chelsea Meadow, and has 
a very considerable fall and mill privilege at the out- 
let, and after running about a half mile, empties into 
the main river. The main branch rises in Togns 
Pond, in Augusta, and runs entirely through Chelsea, 
and about two miles in Pittston and empties into 
the Kennebec, being about seven miles long. The 
water power here is excellent. 

It is related that alewives were so plenty there at 
the time the country was settled, that bears, and 
later, swine, fed on them in the water. They were 
crowded ashore by thousands. Mrs. David Phil- 
brook, who was a McCausland, was very much in 
want of a spinning wheel. One day she took a 
dip net, and caught seven barrels of alewives in 
the Togus, and took two barrels in a canoe, and 
paddled them down to Mr. Winslow's, and ex- 
changed them for a wheel.* The medicinal qual- 
ities of the Togus Springs are well known, and their 
healing powers have been experienced by many. 
The proportions of the different ingredients have 
never been ascertained, but the water contains, ac- 
cording to an analysis made by Professor Cleveland 
for Dr. Page, Carbonic Acid, Sulphur, Hydrogen, 
Soda, Lime, Magnesia, and a small quantity of 

Nahumkeag stream rises in the pond bearing the 
same name, and runs to Agry's Point, where it 
joins the Kennebec. It is a fine stream and has 

George Lyon. t SViaoi\. Pa^^i, Esq, 


some water power. Naumkeag was the original 
name of the land now occupied by the city of 
Salem, and also that of the city of Lowell, Massa- 
chusetts. It signified in the dialect of the Massa- 
chusetts Indians : '' A good place to catch fish." It 
is frequently spelt Nahumkee, or Negumkike, and is 
doubtless the same word. Nahumkeag brook empties 
near Nahumkeag Island, and has become noted in 
Eastern history for being the place which a portion 
of the opponents of the Plymouth Grant attempted 
to make its southern boundary. Besides these, are 
Eastman's, Bailey's, Follansbee's, Blair's and some 
other brooks. Bailey's brook carries a shingle ma- 
chine. Nahumkeag Pond is a fine sheet of water 
of about 175 acres, lying 420 rods east of the Ken- 
nebec, and Joy's Pond, which touches Whitefield, is 
a pleasant body of water. 

The town of Pittston possesses a rural population, 
which, from its fruitful soil, obtains an abundant 
supply to the wants of life. The village is located 
very prettily on the bank of .the Kennebec, and the 
town is known for the thrift and energy of the 
people, and especially for the great number of sailors 
and masters of vessels who have gone forth from its 
lunits. Perhaps no town in America has sent out so 
many and so distinguished sea captains, in propor- 
tion to its whole population, as Pittston. Agricul- 
tural pursuits and ship-building and following the 
seas, are the principal employments of the people. 
When the United States Arsenal was about being 
built, the Topographical Engineers located the build- 
ings just above the village, where Mr. William 
Stevens now lives ; but the adroit management of 
politicians deprived Pittston of the advantage which 
the Arsenal would doubtless have conferred. 

The present condition of Pittston may be learned 
by consulting the — 




Population, 2823 ; deaths, 44 : farms, 339 ; jMro- 
ductive establishments, 8 ; houses, 484 ; paupers, 
44, costing the town $744 ; books in libraries, 1300 
vols.; valuation of the town, $647,474; horses, 
160 ; cows, 700 ; oxen, 320 ; other cattle, 484 ; 
sheep, 1200; swine, 117; bushels wheat raised, 
284 ; corn, 6795 ; oats, 3746 ; rye, 200 ; honey and 
beeswax, 2540 lbs. ; hay, 4500 tons ; cheese, 2600 
lbs. ; butter, 45000 ll>s. ; apples, etc. $1500 ; barley, 
600 bushels ; potatoes, 4500 bushels ; wool, peas, 
beans, etc. ; 2,400,000 ft. lumber ; 400,000 shingles ; 
1450 prs. boots and shoes; 100 ploughs, worth 
$800, etc. These products are much understated, 
as where the products of a farm or workshop are 
under a certain amount, they are not recorded. 

The following list of the payers of taxes for the 
year 1851, will show future generations who the 
inhabitants of the town were, after it had been 
settled ninety-two years, and also what taxes they 
paid, if not what property they possessed. 






Hiram Averill, 


Samuel G. Bailey, 


Samuel S. Ayer, 


Ezra " 


Samuel Ayer, 


Joel " 


Oliver 0. Austin, 


Joel P. «« 


Pardon Allen, 


Charles «< 


\Vm. Abbott, 


Theodore F. Brown, 


James G. Ames, 


Andrew " 


Joseph Brookings, 


Andrew J. " 


James M. ** 


Sanford " 


Daniel « 


Joseph " 


James Y. Bailey, 


William L. « 


Joseph C. " 


Jon. Burr, 


Jacob «« 


William P. Basford, 


David P. « 


Gideon Barker, 


Nathl " Jr., 


John Brann, 


James ** 


Bumham Benner, 


James <* Jr., 


Wesley Benner, 


Henry ** 




SKETCH OP pirmoit. 





William Beimer, 

J14.13 James S. Cste, 


Henry " 

9.84 Samuel Chisam, 


Eleazat Baker, 

2,84 John Covil, 


Junes Barber, 

16,33 Himn « 


James « Jr., 

1,00 Wm. CoweU, 


Gideon F. Bowden, 

1,00 John Coss, 


D»Tid H. Bodge, 

8,32 Tlioma- Coss, 


Moaea Bojnton, 

13,95, H(?irB of Tliomas CosB. 



6,7lllinhcTtB. CbjBoh, 


Band Butlond, 


AVimam ft. 


Nathan, BlaiicharJ. 


Henry L, Crow^ 




James H. •' 


Leonard Blanuhnrd'a esta 

te, 7,08 



Same & D. Moulton, 


Michael CoMellow, 


Charles E. Braditreet, 


Hartley & Ssm'l Cntts, Jr 



Washington Cutts, 


Qeo. Brannsn, 




John C. Blair, 


AmoB W. •• 


Laban " 


Smith C. Coi, 



Gerahom L. Cox, 


Franklin " 


Luther Cole, 


Heniv M. BnUen, 


James N. Cooper's est.. 


HOBea B. Bliss, 


Wm. Cooper, executor. 

Kdmund W. BliM, 







John Blodget. 


Leonimi " 


Jaq«r ■' 


Patrick McCne. 


Nath'l « 


Alesr JtcCo-Uora, 


Nathl " &E.J.-WMto, 1.47 

Michael O'CoimM, 


Daniel " 


Jesao Connor, 
Samuel CUvk'H«t«te. 
Hiram P. Clark, 


waanourn .Eienianimt 
John CiJbtiti>-s estate. 

Pranklia Colbnm, 


Alphonso H. " 


Wltan " 





Lorenzo S. " 


Ooatayos A. " 


Albert U. " 




Thomas " 




Thomas "Jr 

. 16,62 

Oeo. & Joseph Colbum, 
Jrfm C. Colbum, 


Benjamin ■■ 



Robert M. 


Bsm-1 8. " 


DaTid R. " 


Henry S. " 



Bumham » 


Joseph « 2d, 




EdT-^A. " 


Jon. & Elbridg. 


Geo. W. ■' 




George " Jr., 



10,0S < 

Robert Cleaves, 




EUphalet Crocker, 


AngnstusL. " 


Samuel - 


EInathau " 




Jamet " 3t., 


qsETCH or FirrsTOV. 





li«irs,#3JIX Joaeph FoUensbe, 



2,6S Angnrtus " 


James H. " 

6,60 ! Levi 11. Follet, 


DiTid M. " 

2.98 ; FrunkUn Fifield. 


June* H. CaipMtet, 

13,67, Henry T.Pranklin. 


Nrth-1 M. Cumer. 


Francis FUbier's ertat% 




William " 


Charles Oailtoa, 


Wm-L. « 




SamoelO. « 


Thwnw " 

" 7,63 

Bonjamin '• 








Samuel C. '■ 


IMM « 




Warren " 


Zacharias » 


Henry Dearborn, 


Thomas FoUbt, 


th». A. " 


FrancU •< 


Hmwy Dearborn ft 


Thomas Fatten, 


A. YoutiR, 
William F-bsrii. 


Isftish Felker, 



Dariua Fowle, 


John Doyle. 


Geo. E. Getchell, 


XhomM Doyle, lit, 


Daniel OUdden. 


" 2d, 

6.74 Albert M. '■ 


Petor '• 

6.00 AUel 



9,16 ; Albert M. Olidden ft Eli 

John Dow, 

8,43 Flitner. 


John R. Dow, 

4,09 , John McGunn. 


Henrr " 


ThM. H. " 

1,00 j Freeborn Groves, 


Martin Durgin, 

9,64 DennU Oilfoil. 


Patrick " 

1,00 Patrick OUUhannon, 


Charles G. Delano, 

1.00 Michael 


Aaron Dudley, 

1,4B IchabodQrBT, 


Aaron C. Dudley, 


Samuel •' 




A. Goodspeed, 


Samuel L. " 


Weaton " 


Jacob Uookendorf, 


Theodore " 


Philip •• 


Aloel V. Goodwin, 


John McDonald, 


Eandolph •• 


Gideon Dpcry, 


Moses " 


David DodRe, 


Jordan Goodwin, 


Edward EmeraQn.Jr 


John " 




John Green, 


David Erskine, 


William " 




Isaac •• 


WiUiam Elilrod. 


JoKph '• 


Henry Enton, 


George •• 


■William Folaom, 


Pioree Grant, 


Tmstam " 


Charles " 


Benj. F, Fuller, 


Jacob •> 


Simeon Fish, 


Thomas ■* 


Benf. Follmabe. 


John •' 







Tranklin Oraat, 


Samtu^ James, 


Chwle» B. Garland, 




Jonathsn Oilman, 



TTilllam " 


Josephn* " 

Saml. ft Steph. T. Johnio 



n, 6,89 

]>eiiiiU Gould, 









Stephen Y. 


■William « 



OwaiB. >• 


Theodore Knight, 





Bnmner HopkJnB, 


Enekiel KenUton, 


Williani Huntington, 


Jolm Y, KcndaU, 




Joseph Kidder, 


KingabuTT Hunt, 


B. " 




Pnrlicr Kielly, 




Moaca King, 


Abraham « 


-Waiiam King, 
t-recman H. Kincaid, 


aisr :: 







Alraandpr T. Kenton, 




George Kimball, 



Charlea S. Loud, 




Same, eiocutor on Sarah 

Betsey Hatch, 


Heed's cettite. 




Charles Ijmd's heirs, 


Bphiaim " 
PUneaa Hinini. 
Miehael HaiOer, 


AbraliHm Lord, 



Ephraim Lovctt, 







Robert H. " 




Thomas " 






Hoses Harris, 




Amcia HaU, 


William " 


Pwnds " Jr., 






Elihu Loud, 


Thomaa Ilnlev. 


Alexander Little, 


"WoodbridgB llalay. 


Edward Long, 


Silea Hutchms. 



Eheneier Hinds, 


Joseph Laplain, 


William F. Hanover, 


George W. Lyon, 


Elijah Jackson, 


IfOrenzo Linscott, 


EUiai " Jr., 


Warren R. Lewis, 


"Wm. W. " 




George " 


Janiea Lapham, 


SMUuel Jewett, 


EUphalet H. Lcmhsm, 


Semuel H. >' 






" Jr., 


0«orge " 


Samuel R. 













Jerome Leonard, 


Edward « 


Daniel Lawrence, 


Bdward <• heirs. 


Dayid « 


Franklin •* 


Washington Lawrence, 


Oeo. W. Mansur, 


" " " Jr., 


Job «* 


<:*arlft8 <• 


Henry P. Mansur, 


Christopher Morton, 


Samuel Morang, 


Emulus Marson, 


Jacob " 


Jobn " 


Isaac •< 


Samuel ** 


Stephen « Jr., 


Hiram " 


Lorenzo ** 


James *' 


Benj. « 


Noah ** 


Joseph ** 


Samuel « 2d, 


Charles MUliken, 


Francis J. Matthews, 


Lewis Mayers, 


Samuel H. Moulton, 


OUver « 


Jabez N. Mitchell, 


Enos *« 


Enos «* Jr., 


Abraham " 


Thomas A. «' 


Michael Murphy, 


Martin " 


Thomas Meady, 


William Moody. 


Lewis " 


Smith «* 


John *' 


John " Jr., 


Nath'l *« 


Lee " 


Royal « 


Daniel " 


Levi " 


Charles « 




Jonathan Moody, 


Matthew, •• 


Wilson " 


Paschal P. Morrill, 


Robert H. Moore, 


(/harles R. Mooers, 


Dayid N. «* 


Tristam " 


Francis F. " 


William " 


William H. " 


Rodney " 


Samuel Marina, 


Albert Moore, 


Amos Merrill, 


James M. « 


Alfred B. " 


Gideon Meservey, 


Frederic «* 


Stephen Neal, 


Lemuel " 


Wm.R. " 


John Nash, 


Henry " 


Freeman Nash, 


Francis " 


Peter « Jr., 


Joseph Northey, 


Joshua Nickerson, 


Alexander Nichols, 


George ** 


Samuel " estate, 


Sarah ** 


John Nelson, 


Daniel Nash, 


Robert McKnight, Jr., 


Hiram " 


Ebenezer Parker, 


Geo. W. " 


President " 


John Peaslee, 


Dummer B. Peaslee, 


Hartley «* 


Isaac ** 


Wm. & Jacob, ♦« 


Joel Pulsifer, 


William " 


Alfred « ' 


Benj. H. " 


Ebenezer Pulsifer, 


[ John Patterson, 



John P. Fattenon. 
DaTid Pottle, 
Alfred >• 

John Porter, 
Wm. H. Parclier, 
jBmBsW Pottec. 
Jacob Peach, 
8«^ Palmer, 

Wwhington Palmer, 
Valoituie " 

Juaea Roberta, 
Hiram Rollins, 
Ebmeier Bollina' hura, 
Lemael If . " 1 

Ooa. W. " 1 

EUphalet " 

\rillLun " 3d, 2 

Joaeph & William Bollina, 1 
AmoaP. " 

H^ra of Jamea ** 

Cariaatan •■ 

Jonathan Reed, 1 

■William " 1 

John BichanUon, 
Franklin " 

David BtuitBdeU, 
Isaac RuBsell, 
Sara'lB. " 
David S, Rairdan, 

Samuel 8. " 
Joaeph Reerea, 
Beubeu lUcker, 
Hannph Stevens, 

Sanfotd •• 

William " : 

Satats of Reuben Stevens, 



KUfBi. TotaL 

Win. & estate of Ri 

Sieve ns, 
Surah U, Stovena, 
Estate of Caleb Stevene, 69,18 
William Steveni, 3d, 27,87 

Wm. & estate of Hiram 

Stevens, 30^3 

Caleb Stevens, 1,93 

John O. P. " 1,00 

Same, & Franklin Stevens, 4,T& 
Franklin " . 1.78 

F. Stevens & Co., 
Franklin & estate of E 


J. O. 1'. 

n & Joaeph 


Isaiu: D. Seybum, 
Hartiaon Small, 
John O. Savage, 
Gcoi^e Stanley, 
Jolui Still, 
John Scott, 
>* " Jr., 

George W. Smith, 

Samuel B. " 
Isaac Sawyer, 
Joseph Sopet, 

Florence Sullivan, 
Alfred Slillin, 


Edmund Sto-w's estate. 


Al&ed Smart, 


Jonathan Snow, 


Eliiikim Scammon, 




Fuller G. Shaman, 


Samuel Thomas, 


Luther " 


Wanen D. Turner, 



Benj. *; 






Joel ThompBon, 

•* " Jr., 

Hubbard ** 
James ** 

John Thompson's estate, 
James ** 2d, 

Beni. O. Tarr, 
William Troop, 
Alex'r " 

Jesse ** 

Joseph Tyler, 
John Trask, 
Abiel Tyler, 
Joseph Vamey, 
Geo. Williamson, 
Patrick Williams, 
Q«orge White, 
Rufus '« 
David A. " 
Isaac L. ** 

^[)encer F. Wadsworth, 
Wm. B. Winslow, 
Hiram Waitt, 
Wm. Woodward, 

























James P. Wheeler, 

Joshua D. Warren, 

Caleb Waterhouse, 

Franklin *< 

Nelson «« 

Wm. Walton, 

Aaron P. Wade, 

Isaac Ware, 

James •* Jr. 

Moses ** 

WilUam Ware, 

Hiram ** 

James Welman, 

Charles M. Webber, 

Dudley Young, 

Same, & Asbury Young, 




£U A. 

George F. 

Charles Yeaton, 










This tax was assessed on $531,555, and was one cent and one- 
third of a mill, per dollar. 



In the year 1803 Pittston was divided, and the 
land on the west side of the Kennebec was erected 
into a distinct town. Gardineu was the one hun- 
dred and fortieth town incorporated in Maine. The 
original name, Cabbassa-contee, — the place where 
sturgeons abound, — was changed to the present 
name out of respeet to the Gardiner family, the 
first whites who possessed the soil, and especially 
to compliment R. H. Gardiner, Esq., who came of 
age about the time it was incorporated. 


'* Commonwealth of Massachusetts." 

** In the year of our Lord One Thousand, Eight Hundred and ^ 

"An Act to diyide the Town of Pittston, in the County of 
Kennebec, and to incorporate the west part thereof into a Town 
by the name of Gardiner. 

« Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court assembled, and the authority of the 
same, that the Town of Pittston, in the County of Kennebec, be, 
and the same hereby is, divided into separate Towns, by Kennebec 
Biver ; and that the western part of said Town as described 
Mrithin the following bounds, to wit: Beginning on Kennebec 
River, aforesaid, at the northeasterly comer of the town of Bow- 
doinham, thence running up said lUver, in the middle thereof, to 
the south* line of the Town of HaUowell, thence west north-west, 
on the aforesaid south line, to Cobb9lMee-contee sttevcc^ ^^«&sa 
Southerly, by the easterly margin of said stream ttt \!ti'^ TL<^tOck.-^«BX 


comer of Bowdoinham, aforesaid, which is on the southerly rade 
ot, and near the outlet of First, or Pleasant Pond, thence east 
south-east, on the north line of said Bowdoinham, to the first 
mentioned bounds with the inhabitants therein, be, and the same 
hereby are, incorporated into a distinct Town, by the name of 

** Sect, 2. And be it further enacted, that in all State Taxes 
which shall be required of said Towns, imtil a new general 
Taluation shall be taken, the sum of one dollar and fifty-three 
cents, on one thousand dollars, with which the Town of Pittston, 
is now charged, shall be divided equally between said Towns of 
Pittston and Gardiner. 

**8ect. 3. And be it further enacted, that the inhabitants of 
said Town of Gardiner, and the non-resident proprietors of real 
or other estate therein, shall pay aU arrears of taxes, which have 
been legally assessed upon them, by the Town of Pittston prior 
to the passing of this A^t; and in like manner shall they pay 
an equal proportion of all debts now due and owing from the said 
Town of Pittston, and shall also be entitled to receiye an equal 
dividend of aU debts or moneys, now due to said Pittston, from 
collectors or other persons. 

** Sect. 4. And be it further enacted, that the Town Magazine 
of Military stores shall be estimated and equally divided between 
said towns of Pittston and Gardiner ; and in case there are aiiy 
balances of money which have been raised by the Town of Pitts- 
ton, and apportioned to the School districts, for the education of 
children, now due to either of said districts in the Town of Gar- 
diner; the same shall be paid over by the Treasurer of said 
Pittston to the Treasurer of said Gardiner. 

** Sect, 6, And be it further enacted, that the inhabitants of 
said Towns of Pittston and Gardiner, shall be chargeable in equal 
proportions with the expense of supporting the poor, who at the 
time of passing this Act, are the proper charge of the Town of 
Pittston; and if any person or persons heretofore belonging to 
the Town of Pittston aforesaid, and having removed thence, shall 
be returned thither again, and become a public charge, the samo 
Bhall be paid equally by the said towns of Pittston and Gardiner. 

••Whereas there is a Religious Society, incorporated by the 
name of the Episcopalian Society in Pittston consisting of mem- 
bers from various parts of said Town, and the house of public 
worship being on the west side of Kennebec Kiver, and whereas, 
doubts and disputes may arise in regard to the operation of this 
act on said society. Therefore, 

** Sect. 6. Be it further enacted, that this Act shall not extend* 
nor be construed to extend to the infringement or annulling in any 
manner or degree whatsoever, an act entitled " An Act to incor- 
porate a number of the inhabitants of the Town of Pittston, in 
the County of Lincoln, into a parish by the name of the Epis- 
copalian Society in Pittston." 

**Seet» 7. And be it fiurther enacted, that Jedediah Jewett, 
JStO; b^ and he hereby is empowered and required to issue his 



^uraitit, directed to some principal inhabitant of said Town of 
GNuediner, requiring him to notify and warn the inhabitants of 
said town, qualified to yote in town affairs, to assemble at such 
time and place in said town, as shall be expressed in said warrant, 
to choose aU such officers as other towns within this Common- 
wealth are by Law authorized or required to choose, in the month 
of March or April, annuaUy, and to transact such other matters 
and things, as may be necessary and lawful at said meeting ; and 
the officers^chosen as aforesaid, shall be qualified as othor town 
officers are. 

** In the House of Bepresentatives, Feb. 15, 1803. 
**This Bill, having had three several readings, passed to be 

•♦John C. Jones, SpVr. 

«<In Senate, Feb. 17, 1803. 

"This Bill, having had two several readings, passed to be 

« David Cobb, Presid't. 

"February 17, 1803. 

" By the Governor, Approved. 



On the separation of Gardiner from Pittston, the 
following persons were residents of Gardiner, and 
paid the amount of taxes annexed to their names. 





Jona. Babb, 


Thomas Edgecomb, 


William Barker, 


Samuel Elwell, 


Abial Beedle, 


Joshua FaU, 


Young Booker, 


Andrew Fitch, 


Joseph Bradstreet, 


Abraham Fitts, 


Sifnon " 


Thomas Francis, 


Nehemiah Brown, 


Jeremiah Fifield, 


Nathan Bridge, 


Barzillai Gannett, 


John Butler, 


John Gardiner, 


Ebenezer Byram, 


Ephraim Goodwin, Jr., 


Benj. Chamberlain, 


John Berry, 


John Clark, 


Seth Gay, 


Abram Cleaves, 


Rufus " 


Ebenezer Colby, 


Isaac Goldsmith, 


Richard Clay, 


" •* Jr., 


Ebenezer Crowell, 


Zacheus Goodwin, 


John Dammon, * 


Benj. Grover, 


I. Davis & B. Davenport, 


James ** 


John Dennico, 


John Hanscom, 


Daniel Door, 


" ** Jr., 


Andrew Douglass, 


Harlow Harden, 


James Dunlap, 


Solomon HatcYi, 


Samuel Eastmaiif 


Joseph HiW, 





Badlej B. Hobart, 
Berenu Hooker, 
John Huntingtoxif 
Stephen Jewetty 
Jesse «< 

Samuel •* 
Osgood JohnsoDf 
JoDA, Kesiif 
James Kenney, 
Joshua Knox, 
David LawrencCt 
Edward •* 
Maltiah « 
Geo. Leighton, 
Matthias Lewis, 
Joshua Lord, 
James ** 
James Marstin, 
James McCausland, 
Robert •• 
Gardiner «* 
Keubeo Moore, 
Julius Morton, 
John Murray, 
Simon ** 
William Nash, 
Joseph Neal, 

« " 2d, 
Caleb Niles, 
Jcihn " 
William Norton, 







Simon Nudd* 
Edward Peacock, 
Jon. Perkins, 
Andrew Ph^pa, 
Ichabod Plaisted, 
Henry Qniucy, 
Benj. RandaU, 
Ezddel Bobinson* 
Benj. Shaw, 
William Swan, 
John Stone, 
Eleazar Tarbox, 
Samuel Tibbetts, 
Thomas Town, 
Israel " 

Dominicns Wakefield, 
Jeremiah ** 

Lemuel Walker, 
James Webber, 
Nathaniel WeUs, 
Ichabod Wentworth, 
Nathaniel Woodbury, 
Joseph ** 

Samuel •* 

Daniel Woodward, 


R. H. Gardiner, 
Robert Hallowell, 
Samuel Spears, 
Richard & Sally Perkins, 







Sil.i8 Alden, 
Abraham Bachelder, 
Thomas Berry, 

John Bigclow, 
Stephen Brown, 
Moses Bracket, 
David Burr, 
John Cram, 
Kbenezer Crosby, 
James Davis, 
James Douglass, Jr., 
Thomas Dearborn, 
Henry Doe, 
N. B. 
Da rid 



Robert Douglass, 
Thomas W. Doyle, 
James P. Evans, 
Henry Fan*. 
Henry Fitch, 
Newcome Gliddcn, 
F.phraim Goodwin, 
Samuel Grant, 
Paul Hildreth, 
Daniel Henrd, 
James Hustin, 
Richard Knox, 
Levi " 

Joseph Loogley, 
Ebenezer Moore, 
Joseph Nelson, 
Daniel " 
John *' 
Samuel Noyes, 

Jon. Orr, 
Edward Partridge, 
Joseph Plamroer, 
William Pollard, 
Andrew Potter, 
Frederic Porter, 
James Purringtnn, 
Wui. Ilichardsoo, 
David Ross, 
Rice Rowell, 
Annis Spears, 
John Sprague, 
John Tavlor, 
Daniel '/^ibbetts, 


JNathM Woodbury, 
Michael Woodward, 
Asa Spears, 
Ithiel " 


N«th'l Mantin, 
Tfaaddeus Hildreth, 
Ffltncis Doaglass, 

Francis DougloM, Jr., 
Scipio Moody, 
Johnson Lunt, 

Edward Welch, 
Andrew Warren, 
John Hinkley. 

The poll-tax was $1,59; the total amount of 
taxes, $875,62. The town meetings were held in 
the ** Church House," as it was called, or the old 
Episcopal Meeting-house. The only buildings which 
were then and are now in existence, are the old Post 
Office, the Plaisted House, the Jewett House, at the 
foot of Vine street, and the cottage occupied by S. 
L. Plummer, Esq. The old Post Office originally 
faced the river, and had windows and doors quite 
different from those it now possesses. It was, when 
built, a very superior edifice. It was commenced by 
James Flagg, but finished by Dr. Gardiner. 

At the time Gardiner was incorporated there were 
but one or two houses on Church hill, which was cov- 
ered with a dense growth of pines. There was only 
a store or two on Water street, and the valley of the 
Cabbassa was a dense forest, as was most of the land 
beyond Dr. Parker's, at the Point, and all the country 
back of the river, with the exception of an occasion- 
al farm. 

After the act of incorporation was obtained, the 
proper warrant was issued to Dudley B. Hobart, " one 
of the principal inhabitants of the town of Gardiner,*' 
and the people came together in their first town meet- 
ing, March 2 1st, 1803, at the " Church house." The 
following is a list of the first Town officers : — Dud- 
ley B. Hobart, Moderator. Seth Gay, Town Clerk, 
Barzillai Gannett. Dudley B. Hobart, and William 
Barker, Selectmen and Assessors. Rufus Gay, Treas- 
urer. Barzillai Gannett, Joseph Bradstreet, Samuel 
Eastman, Isaac Goldsmith, John Stone and Joseph 
H. Hill, Surveyors of Highways. Ebenezer Byram, 
Reuben Moor, Seth Gay, Simon Bradstreet, Thomas 
Berry, Samuel Elwell, Joshua Knox, John Gardiner, 
Dudley B. Hobart, William Swan, 3o\\xv ^^x^goft^ 


Stephen Jewett, Eleazar Tarbox, Harlow Harding, 
Jeremiah Wakefield, John Stone, Samuel Eastman, 
Lemuel Walker, Osgood Johnson, Barzillai Gannett, 
Joshua Lord, William Norton, Andrew Bradstreet, 
Surveyors of Lumber, and Cullers of Staves. Sam- 
uel Eastman, William Swan, Ichabod Plaisted, 
Lemuel Walker, John Cram, and Abraham Cleaves, 
Tythingmen. Jesse Jewett, Sealer of Leather. 
John Gardiner, Wm. Norton, Joshua Lord, Zaeheus 
Goldsmith, Francis Douglass, Abraham Fitz, Abra- 
ham Cleaves, Ephraim Goodwin, Jr., Dominions 
Wakefield, Hogreeves. Reuben Moor, Daniel Door, 
Eleazer Tarbox, Nathaniel Wells, Samuel Tibbetts, 
Joseph Neal, Fence-viewers and Field-drivers. 
Samuel Eastman, William Swan, Isaac Goldsmith, 
James Lord, Barzillai Gannett, School Committee. 
Daniel Woodward, Pound-keeper. Joshua Lord, 
Jesse Jewett, Ebenezer Byram, Harlow Harding, 
Samuel Eastman, Fish Committee. William Swan, 
Stephen Jewett, Nathan Jewett, Auditors of Ac- 
counts. Barzillai Gannett, Town Agent. Stephen 
Jewett, Collector and Constable. 

'* Voted that one dollar be allowed per day for a 
man, and the same for a yoke of oxen, calculating 
JO hours of faithful labor for a days work." 

The money raised for the support of the Gospel 
was, by a vote of the town, appropriated to the 
support of the Episcopal mode of worship, but 
those who attended public worship at the Methodist 
or Baptist meetings, were allowed to direct their 
proportion of the amount raised. Ichabod Plaisted 
was chosen to lay out the proportion claimed by 
the Methodists, and James Lord and Abraham 
Cleaves, that claimed by the Baptists. 

Efforts having been made by Elisha Getchell and 

others, to erect a bridge across the Kennebec, at 

Swan Island, Barzillai Gannett, Sanford Eingsberry, 

and Joshua Lord, were chosen a committee to protest 


against the movement, as one calculated to injure th€» 
coasting trade, and to destroy that inland navigation 
which nature had made, and produce *< one of the 
greatest evils which could befall this part of a new 
and flourishing country." This was before the in- 
vention of modern draws. 

Maj. Barzillai Gannett whose name we have mention- 
ed, was one of our most popular and useful men, and 
he had succeeded in securing the confidence of peo- 
ple, as much as any one who ever resided in this 
town. He was a pillar of the Episcopal Church, 
and a man of the best education and talents. He 
had filled Town, State, Federal and Elcclesiastical 
offices, and given great satisfaction. He was a Sen- 
ator in 1807. In an unguarded moment, he com- 
mitted a slight breach of trust, which he might ,very 
easily have compromised, but so great was his pride 
that he could not hold his head up among his formei^ 
friends, and he suddenly disappeared. Nothing was 
heard from him for years, except that, occasionally 
his wife would receive a line from him, now dated 
here, now there ; and it was only known to his 
family and friends that he was living. At length a 
clergyman, a son of Bishop Chase of Ohio, was 
here on a visit, and Mrs. Gannett related her story to 
him. In the course of her recital she described her 
husband's appearance. He was a man of very com- 
manding presence, and the description was so 
wonderfully that of a gentleman who was a mem- 
ber of Bishop Chase's congregation, and President of 
a bank in Zanesville, that Mr. Chase could not avoid 
mentioning the fact. But there was a difficulty. 
The gentleman to whom he referred was married, 
and had two children in Ohio, and his name was 
Benjamin Gardiner. He however wrote a letter to 
his father, detailing the facts in the case, and so great 
an impression was made on the mind of the B\«S\q^^ 


that he sent for Mr. Gardiner, and read him the let- 
ter. It was Mr. Gannett. He acknowledged his 
guilt, and immediately fled. His wife was a woman 
of the most respectable connections in Ohio, and Mr. 
Gannett occupied a fine position in the community.* 
It has since been rumored that Mr. Gannett was subse- 
quently employed in teaching in Virginia. His story 
well illustrates how easily the best talents and ac- 
quirements are rendered useless when once they are 
prostituted to the service of sin. Perhaps he is yet 
living in unhonored obscurity, when he might be 
enjoying the respect of a large circle of friends and 

The road from Church's old mill to the east side 
of the county road, was accepted in 1805 ; and that 
from Church's to Gardiner's mill, in 1809. 

In order that our readei^ may see the state of the 
temperance question and what sort of physicians we 
had in old times, we copy the following curious 
extract from Kendall.f " Five miles below the 
mouth of the Cabbassaguntiquoke, is a ferry by 
which I crossed the river to Pittstown on my way to 
Wiscasset, a distance of about twenty-five miles. 
At a short distance from the river, I passed the house 
of Doctor Jewell, whose name was conspicuous on 
a signboard of azure blue, swinging in the wind. 
But what . was the sign ? A golden pestle and 
mortar ? No ; but a punch-bowl and ladle ! The 
doctor keeps a public house, or, as the term is, a 
tavern. It is pleasant to see a physician in his bar 
mixing toddy instead of juleps, and giving a cordial 
to those that ask his assistance, without a vile label, 
— Take two table spoovfullsj &c." There were 
no auti-liquor laws in those days. This will be 

* Daniel Nutting, Esq. f Traveb in Maine in lSOS-9. 


further seen in the following bill of expenses for 
digging a well, as they used to dig in former times. 

1808. Oct. 12, To 3-4 lb. powder, ,42 

To 3 lb. do. at ,75 2,25 

To 1 barrel, 50 

To 1 lb. powder, 50 

To 1 Day by William on well, 1,00 

24, To 1-2 lb. Powder, 25 
To 8 1-2 Days work, drilling in the well 

at $1,25. 10,62 

To 1 GaU. Rum, 1,34 
To 16 1-2 Days work by Noah Loud, at 84, 13,86 

To 13 1-4 lb. Rope for &11, 2,21 

To paid Cutt & Stevens for drill, 37 

To 4 lb. Drills, 80 

To 1 Drill, ,50, facing hammer, 1,00, 1,50 
To paid for sharping Drills, &c., * 2,09 


The conditimi of Gardiner at this time is thus 
described by the traveler Kendall, who passed 
through in 1808. 

**0n the river Cobbisseconti, or Cobbeseconte, 
near its entrance into the Kennebec, is a cataract of 
some magnitude, at the present moment enveloped 
in forest. On the banks above are the remains of 
the church set on fire by the maniac mentioned as 
confined in the gaol at Augusta. The month of 
the Cobbeseconte is in Gardiner, at five miles below 
Hallowell Hook, where there is a small village, with 
saw-mills, flower and fulling mills, and dyeing works 
the property of Mr. Hallowell Gardiner, son of Mr. 
Robert Hallowell of Boston ; and on the opposite 
side of the river, is Mr. Gardiner's house. This 
family, along with the families of Mr. Benjamin 
and Mr. Charles Yaughan, and Mr. Merrick, has 
carried to the Kennebec the useful and politer arts." 

In the year 1807, the attention of the town was 
directed to the question of efiecting a separation of 
the district of Maine from the Cotmxvo\vN^'^>Xv o^ 


Massachusetts, and the vote in Gardiner stood thirty- 
six for, and thirty-five against a separation. 

It seems that the town fathers were resolved to en- 
gage in the war of 1812, if necessary, for we find 
that they voted, Nov. 2, to give those men who were 
attached to the service, ten dollars per month, if they 
were called into actual duty. It was also voted, Oct. 
1, 1814, that Messrs. Nathan Bridge, Rufus Gay and 
Joshua Lord, be a committee of safety, to warn the 
people of approaching dangers. (See Military.) May 
20, 1816, the subject of a separation from Massa- 
chusetts was again brought before the town, and the 
vote stood sixty-two for, and forty-one against. 
This decision being somewhat unsatisfactory, an- 
other meeting was held September 2, and the vote 
then stood sixty-nine for, and seventy-six against. 
Frederic Allen was chosen delegate to the Conven- 
tion holden that winter. May 2, 1819, however, 
the town voted for a separation. On the 26th of 
July the vote was taken, and resulted in 215 for, 
and 41 against, and on the 20th in^t., Sanford 
Kingsberry and Jacob Davis were chosen delegates 
to the convention. 

In 1814 a strip of land on Bowman's point was 
severed from Gardiner and added to Hallowell. 
This land was thought to belong to Hon. R. H. 
Gardiner, but it was at length seen to belong to 
Bowman's Point. Mr. Wm. G. Warren was an 
occupant of this land, and went with it and became 
a citizen of Hallowell. He remained such until 
1834, when Bowman's Point was joined to Gardi- 

Most of our citizens who are past middle life 
remember Jemmy, or as he was more familiarly 
known. Born-drunk Davis. It is reported that he 
saved a worthy citizen from drowning, in early life, 
and that out of gratitude he received a life-lease of 
ft farm, which made him comfortable for the remain- 


der of his days.* He was an inveterate drinker of 
ardent spirits. On one occasion, Moses Springer, 
father of Moses Springer, Jr., one of the most pop- 
ular lecturers, as well as one of the most scientific 
astronomers in New England, asked him why it was 
that he was so fond of getting drunk. His reply 
was, " Ah ! that 's my only failing ; but there are 
two of us, and we don't agree., Jemmy don't want 
alcohol, but Davis will have all he can get. 
Wher; I come to a tavern, Davis says, *come, let's 
have a drink!' but Jemmy says *no!' Davis 
however always proves stronger, and so he has his 
own way. Jem/my is a sober man and always was, 
but Davis was born drunk !" In this way he ob- 
tained the sobriquet of Born-drunk, which he carried 
through life. He was a worthy man with the 
exception of this besetting sin. 

The growth 6f Gardiner may be learned by a 
view of the statistics for the year 1820. 


413 acres of tillage ; 1479 acres of upland mow- 
ing ; 4 acres of fresh mowing ; 1270 acres of pas- 
ture; 162 houses; 195 barns; 86 horses; 315 oxen; 
441 cows ; 337 swine ; 2576 bushels of Indian 
corn ; 1056 bushels of wheat ; 69 bushels of rye ; 
910 bushels of oats; 84 bushels of barley.; 239 
bushels of peas &nd beans ; 1499 tons of upland 
hay, and 4 tons of fresh hay; 1532 tons of shipping; 
$21,750 of stock in trade. The average wealth of 
each person in the State being $100, each person in 
Gardiner was worth $160. 

When the question came up on the adoption of 
the new Constitution, (Dec. 6, 1819,) the people 
were found unanimously in favor thereof. 

* Moses Springer, E3(\. 


In the year 1820, attempts were made to procure 
a suitable building to be owned by the town, for the 
purpose of meetings, and it was voted that the old 
Church House be purchased, agreeably to the propos- 
als of the wardens ; namely : that the town pay four 
hundred dollars in one year, for the church, and a 
lease of the land twenty years. R. H. Gardiner, 
Esq., agreed to pay one half of the amount, and 
wait one year for his payment. 

Nov. 6, 1820, Christians of all denominations were 
permitted to hold meetings for worship in the old 
Church or Town House whenever they wished. 

The Gardiner Lyceum was established by Mr. 
R. H. Gardiner, in the year 1822. It was designed 
to be in all respects a college, without the dead lan- 
guages. It was kept in a fine stone building, and 
had an excellent cabinet and apparatus. Professor 
Hale was installed as principal, January 1, 1823. 
He gave a course of lectures on Chemistry, for which 
he charged $5, a price contrasting strongly with the 
prices of such entertainments at the present day. 
Mr. Hale left in 1827, and was soon succeeded by 
John K' Lothrop. The institution languished, and 
was at length organized as an academy, in 1848 ; 
Dr. G. S. Palmer, Principal. In 1851 a public High 
School was opened in the building. 

April 21, 1823, the services of John Brann were 
procured, for $500, for the current year, to take care 
of the poor of the town. 

The first movement in behalf of Temperance was 
April 7, 1828, when it was voted, " that the Select- 
BQ^en, Treasurer and Town Clerk be requested not to 
license any persons as retailers, except those whom 
they may consider (fit) for that purpose, and who 
will sign a written promise not to retail liquors to be 
drank in their shops and stores, or the appurtenances 
thereof, and also not to (sell) liquor in any quantities 


to any person, or any of their families, when they 
shall be forbidden, &c. And the Selectmen are re- 
quested to prosecute all who shall (sell) liquor at 
retail, without license, or in violation of any of the 

On the night of July 4, 1833, after a somewhat 
enthusiastic celebration of the anniversary of Nation- 
al Independence, the old Town House was ascer- 
tained to be on fire. It was entirely consumed, and 
was supposed to have been kindled in a frolic, by 
tnen full of something more ardent than patriotism. 
It was so dilapidated that the loss was felt to be very 

Aug. 24, 1833, Messrs. Frederic Allen, Benj. Shaw, 
Aaron Haskell, Daniel Nutting and A. S. Ch&dwick, 
were appointed a committee to select a suitable site, 
and make other provisions for a Town House. 

- There seems to have been a great degree of effort 
on the part of the friends of Temperance, in the 
year 1834) for we find five votes passed March 3d ; 
First, that no one be licensed to sell ardent spirit to 
be drunk on the premises. Second, that no licences 
at all be granted. Third, to reconsider the second 
vote. Fourth, that the Selectmen withhold licenses 
where they legally can. Fifth, that Benj. H. Field, 
H. B. Hoskins, Wm. Bradstreet, Silas Holman, Ar- 
thur Berry, John P. Hunter, Isaac Lawrence be a 
committee to prosecute all illegal sales. Virtue must 
have been its own reward, for it was expressly stip- 
ulated that they have no reward for their services. 
In the year 1836 another committee was chosen for 
the same purpose, consisting of Ansyl Clarfe, Aaron 
Haskell, John P. Hunter, George Plaisted and John 
D. Gardiner. 

Hon. George Evans, a citizen of Gardiner, was 
born in Hallo well, Jan. 12, 1797, and was ^dvvc"aX«^ 
for college at the academies in MouxxiowVk ^sA^^ 


lowelL Noted for ^^ an apt and vigorous mind," he 
was able to enter Bowdoin College at the early age 
of fourteen, from which he was graduated in the 
year 1815. He immediately commenced the study 
of the law, and after three years of preparation, he 
began the practice of his profession in Gardiner, 
and rapidly rose to a comnianding position. 

In 1825 he was elected a member of the Maine 
House of Representatives, which office he held for 
four years, the last of which he was Speaker of the 
House. The duties of the latter difficult station 
were discharged with great ability. 

In 1829 he was elected to Congress, receiving 
697 votes in Gardiner against 5 for all others, and 
remained a member of the Lower House for twelve 
consecutive years, and, though elected for a seventh 
term, he was chosen United States Senator for a 
full term. His career as a Statesman has drawn 
great praise from his political friends, and his finan- 
cial abilities have been pronounced by Mr. Webster 
equal to those of any man since Crawford and Gal- 
latin, and not surpassed by either of those great men. 
In 1849 President Taylor appointed him Chairman 
of the board of Commissioners on Mexican Claims, 
the duties of which responsible office he discharged 
with great fidelity, and to thQ complete satisfaction 
of the Government. He has declined the ofiers of 
Chargeship to Nicaragua, and Commissioner on 
California lands. As a lawyer and Statesman, Mr. 
Evans occupies a high rank. His powerful defence 
of Dr. Coolidge, and his many forensic efibrts at 
the bar, prove his legal attainments to be of the first 
order, while his speeches on the Tariff and other 
financial questions evince great knowledge of politi- 
cal economy, and a mind sufficiently comprehensive 
and powerful to grasp the preatest questions con- 
nected with the science of Government. 


" About one hundred and twenty-five feet above the 
river, in the pleasante^t part of the city, the Common 
is situated. It occupies the summit of Church Hill, 
contains about five acres, and is enclosed by a neat 
fence. It is well ornamented with trees, which, as 
they are improved by future years will possess great 
beauty. The view is one which can never be destroy- 
ed, and stretches over a wide and pleasant country, 
as far as the northern part of Pittston, and on a clear 
day, the State House at Augusta. It forms the most* 
beautiful place in the city. 

This land was given to the town of Gardiner, in 
the year 1824, by R. H. Gardiner, Esq., on condi- 
tions that it should be properly fenced, ornamented 
with shrubbery, and kept as a public place. The 
terms were not fulfilled, and in 1843 the donor very 
properly threatened to retract the land, which had 
riseir to a value of $16,000, and he was forced to 
take possession of his property ; but, on witnessing 
a disposition to improve the spot, the generous giver 
gave it again, and since then several hundreds of 
dollars have been expended, and the spot is an orna- 
ment to the city, and a monument to the generosity 
of the donor. It was conveyed to the city in the 
name of Mrs. R. H. Gardiner, by Francis Richards, 

One of the most interesting incidents in the his- 
tory of Gardiner, was the discovery of a singular 
cave near Rolling" Dam brook. The following 
account of it is abridged from a very interesting 
description furnished for the Eastern Chronicle by 
H. B. Hoskins, Esq. Some one was walking near 
the spot in March, 1826, when' he thought he dis- 
covered smoke issuing from the top of a fioUow, 
blasted tree, about twenty feet from the ground. 
As he was observing it his foot broke through the 
surface of the ground, and he heard voices beneath 
his feet, and ran for assistance before venturing on 



a search. When others came, about an hour after- 
ward, the inmates had fled, but the following discov-' 
ery was made. In a steep hill of stiff clay, about 
a third of a mile from the Kennebec, and some forty 
rods from any path, a small opening, about two feet 
in diameter, was discovered, facing the brook, art- 
fully concealed by a lattice of twigs and moss and 
leaves. Only one person could enter the aperture 
at a time, and he by lying flat on the ground, and 
using much muscular exertion. About five feet 
from the entrance the cave commenced. It was 
about four by six feet, and was supported by pieces 
of split pine, and small pules. The fire place 
opposite the entrance, and had become hard by the 
action of the fire. The smoke ascended through 
the blasted tree. All over the soil above trees were 
growing, and the excavation had been made in the 
clay by patient labor, and so artfully concealed that 
only accident could have found it. Within the cave 
were found tattered fragments of old garments, a 
tnooseskin and sheepskins composing the bed, a 
tea kettle and broken spider, a band gristmill like a 
paint mill, and proofs that it had been used in grind- 
ing wheat, an axe, a hoe. a sword cane, and a small 
book of birchen bark with five or six leaves covered 
with singular characters. Every thing looked like 
poverty, and from the fact that only petty thefts 
had been made in the neighborhood, it would seem 
that the occupants levied contributions for the single 
purpose of supporting life. They were probably a 
man and a woman, lis the tracks of one of the 
fugitives were quite diminutive, and an article of 
female apparel was found, dropped in flight. The 
footsteps were traced until they entered a beaten 
path leading to the river, and then tliey were lost ; 
and though much inquiry has been raised, the char- 
acter and object of those who chose this singular 
refreat are wrapped in entire mystery. No clue has 


ever been obtained, and the most romantic theories 
have been started to account for the singular dis- 
covery. The subject is still open. 

A new era in traveling was opened, in the year 
1826, when the Steamer Waterville began to mn on 
the Kennebec. She was followed in 1827 by the 
Intent. It was not until 1 836 that steamboat trav- 
eling between Boston and Kennebec commenced. 
That year the New England began her trips, and 
continued them until she was lost in 1838. In 
1827 an hourly stage between Augusta and Gardiner 
was attempted, but it did not succeed. It was not 
until 1834 that the enterprise became permanent. 
At that time David Landers, the present veteran 
driver commenced his hourly. A steam ferry was 
chartered in 1829. The first telegraphic despatch 
came in on the wires, July 19, 1850, and the first 
4rain of cars entered Gardiner, Nov. 10, 1851. 

In 1837 it was voted that the town repeive the 
surplus revenue, and devote it to the support of 
common schools. In the following year, however, 
it was voted to divide it according to the census of 

May 14, 1842, it was " voted, that the resolutions 
offered by E. F. Deane, be accepted ; which are as 
follows : — 

" Resolved, that the business of selling intoxicat-^ 
ing drinks, is regarded by the inhabitants of this 
town as dangerous and injurious to the welfare and 
happiness of our citizens, dishonorable to the in- 
dividuals engaged in it, and a violation of the moral 
sense of the community. 

" Resolved, that the traffic in ardent spirits and 
other intoxicating drinks, except for medicine, and 
mechanical and chemical uses, ought entirely to 
cease among us, and that the Town officers whose 
duty it is to attend to the subject, b^ vw^\xvx<c,Va^ V^ 
take immediate measures for its sup^pre^^voxv, ^ ^v^^ 


that said resolves be published in the Gardiner Spec- 

The resolutions, substantially, were presented the 
following year by Dr. Silas Holman, and the Town 
voted . to sustain all prosecutions brought by the 
licensing Board. 

Nov. 30, 1846, Gen. G. W. Bachelder introduced 
some resolutions touching the license law, and a 
committee was raised to insist on its enforcement. 
January 4, 1847, it was voted to pay a night watch 
in each school district, with the money collected in 
said district, for violations of the license law. And 
in March, it was voted to take all such money to 
assist in supporting schools. 

Oak Grove Cemetery was consecrated July 19th, 
1848. Prayer by Rev. Mr. Staples ; Reading of 
Scriptures by Rev. J. P. Weston ; Address by Rev. 
Greorge Burgess ; Reading of Hymn and Benediction," 
by Rev. Ifir, Soule, of Pittston. This is a lovely 
city of the dead, containing five acres of land, adorn- 

.ed with trees and shrubbery and enclosures, all evinc- 
ing much taste. It is one of those places which are 
springing up throughout- the world, the product of 
those Christian ideas of death which are taking pos- 
session of the hearts of men. Once the bleakest, 
loneliest, most barren spot in all the region round, 
was selected as a place of deposit for the departed. 
Usually it was a wild, sandy waste, on which no 
vegetation smiled. Perhaps a thorn or thistle nod- 
ded in the wind, or some dismal colored hearse 
house clapped and clattered in the fitful gust. Ven- 
omous reptiles crawled and hissed among the for- 
saken graves. Here how changed ! The oak, and 
walnut, and beech, grow in shadowy beauty, and 
Morning and Evening silently come, and with their 
invisible fingers make holy melody among the 
sombre branches of the murmuring pines. When 

the pilgrim arrives at the end ot Life's ioucuey, he 



enters this valley of peace^ and makes his bed of 
rest amid the haunts of Nature. Above him rise the 
forest trees wrestling with the blasts of winter, 
bright with early spring, waving with the foliage 
of summer, or clothed in the rainbow hues of au- 
tumn. They cast their shadows across the little 
graves where the Early Called are resting, and they 
wave their eternal murmurs above those in the win- 
ter of life. The woodland streamlet makes sweet 
music among the mossy roots. Here Evening's tears ^ 
of dew are seen, and here Mpniing kindles a rainbow 
in each transparent drop. Here the summer birds 
chant a constant requiem, and here the flowers, em- 
blematic of undying aflection, surround his grave. 
Year by year. Oak Grove will possess new attrac- 
tions, and a grave there, will be seen to be what it 
really is, — the lowly portico of the Infinite temple 

At the annual meeting in 1849, it was voted to 
petition the State Legislature, for a City charter. 
The petition was granted, and Nov. 26th, the char- , 
ter was accepted by a vote of 336 to 284. 

William Burns, a Gardiner boy, achieved re- 
markable distinction as an editor. He was bom in 
Gardiner, May 2, 1819, and died June 21, 1850, 
aged 31 years. At the age of seven years, his 
father removed to Boston, where the youth received 
an American common school education. While yet 
quite young he was employed as principal or assist- 
ant editor of the 'Herald, Morning Star, News, in 
Boston ; and the Aurora, Sunday Atlas, Evening Tat- 
tler, Sunday Times, Morning Chronicle, Brooklyn 
Daily Star, Sun, and Dispatch, in New York. When 
he died, he had charge of the Dispatch, which, 
though but five years old, had attained a circulation 
of 15000 copies, and three other papers were issued 
from the same office, all under xVie ^Vvax^'b ^i^^* 


Bums. He was a rare instance of talent and enter- 

In Febniary, 1852, the citizens met to consider 
whether the city should not relinquish its corporation, 
and decided negatively. At about the same time a 
movement was made to separate the upper part of 
the city, and form another town with a peurt of Hal- 
lowell and West Gardiner. The southern bound 
was to be the northern line of Frederic Allen's estate. 
The same year as well as the year previous, great ef- 
forts were made to obtain a draw bridge across the 
Kennebec. Originally the city contained seven wards, 
but on the secession of West Gardiner, in 1850, there 
were but six left. 

Gardiner is situated at the true head of summer 
navigation on the Kennebec river. A few light ves- 
sels, of small size pass up to Hallowell, and even to 
Augusta, in the summer, though the water is so shal- 
low that travelers frequently see them aground. Nav- 
igation cannot be carried on to advantage above 
Gardiner. The location of the city in this respect, 
and its situation on the Cabbassa, qualify it to be the 
first city in the valley of the Kennebec. 

» The Cabbassa has 127 feet fall, in one mile and a 
third, and has opportunities for seven dams, six of 
which are built. Each dam is capable of running 
6,000 spindles, or six paper mill engines, at low 
water ; or 20,000 for ^ix months of the year. Only 
a power of about 13,000 spindles, or 15 engines is 
now in use ; but with the introduction of modern 
wheels in the place of the present, there could be at 
least three times the machinery run. There is no 
dam at one place, two have no machinery, and the 
other four are not improved as they might be. 
Doubtless the stream is capable of running 35,000 
spindles, or 42 paper-mill engines, at low water, or 
140,000 spindles, or more than 100 paper-mill en- 
gines for six months in the yeat. — R. K. Littlefield. 


Had these opportunities been improved before rail- 
roads liad brought other water powers into the mark* 
et, the stream would support a population at least 
three times as large as that of Gardiner. As it is, 
it stands in the front rank of New England cities. 

The soil is mostly a clayey loam ; the rocks are 
granite, the general surface of land undulating, the 
water soft. The original growth was hemlock, pine, 
oak, rockmaple, birch and beech. There is now an 
area of 10,448 acres, within the limits of the city; 

Dr. Jackson says, '^ In Gardiner there is a deposit 
of tertiary clay, filled with remains of marine shells. 
Tbi3 deposit occurs near the house of Mr. Allen, 
forming a steep cliff, elevated 50 feet above the 
level of the river. Mrs. Allen has made a collection 
of the various fossils which occur buried here. 
During the last spring, while giving a short course 
of lectures in this town, I had occasion to examine 
this locality, and obtained a great number of perfect 
shells such as sanguinolaria, mya, venus, mactra, 
saxicava, astarte castanea, balani and nucula. All 
these shells are of marine origin, and were evidently 
the inhabitants of the clay when it was covered with 
the waters of the sea. The whole mass is now 60 
or 70 feet above its level, and has doubtless been 
elevated by subterranean power to its present situa- 
tion. This deposit belongs to two distinct epochs, 
called the pliocene and the newer pliocene. It is 
remarkable that the substance of these shells decom- 
poses more rapidly than the animal matter, forming 
their epidermis, or outer skin ; hence we find this 
matter remaining, with a most perfect impression 
of the shell, while the calcareous substance has dis- 
appeared, or is reduced to fine powder. The clay 
itself has the color of marsh mud, and traces of the 
decomposed seaweeds are easily detected, while the 
clay is black from the quantity of decomposed 
marine vegetable matter which il conXaAW^. 


" This tertiary deposit is identical with that of 
Bangor and with that in Portland and Westbrook. 
It probably extends along the banks of the river 
from Augusta to Gardiner, and from thence to the 
mouth of the river, with interruptions here and 
there. It never attains an elevation of more than 
100 feet above the sea level. The rocks in this 
place are principally gneiss, charged with so large a 
proportion of sulphuret of iron, as to decompose 
with great rapidity. On Iron Mine Hill the strata 
run N. E. and S. W., and dip N. W. 70 or 80^. 
The rocks there may be seen crumbling to powder 
with great rapidity, so that the surface of- the earth 
is covered with their detritus. The soil is in con- 
sequence generally barren around, since sulphate of 
iron is destructive to vegetation. By treating this 
soil with lime, it may be improved so as to become 
extremely fertile, for not only will the sulphate of 
iron be decomposed, and rendered inert, but the lime 
combining with its sulphuric acid, will form an 
abundance of gypsum or plaster of Paris, a valuable 

Dr. Lyell in his tour in America, came to Gardi- 
ner, expressly to visit this locality, and he thinks that 
the remains here found, w^ould prove the existence of 
a former ocean, if there were no other evidence else- 
where. The clay deposits are in some places — he 
says — 170 feet thick, and almost every little rivulet 
has hollowed out valleys some 70 feet deep. The 
conical hills, or mounds, were caused by denudation, 
when the continent was rising out of the sea. This 
clay is rich in remains for the inspection of geolo- 
gists, as Mrs. Frederic Allen's collection will abun- 
dantly testify. 

The valley of the Cabbassa-contiag must have 
presented a picturesque appearance before the hand 
of civilization had marred its natural beauty ; and 
especially the deep gorge commencing near the New 


Mills, and contiauing almost to the mouth. The 
wild, shaggy glea, filled with a rich growth of 
forest, the ever sonorous waterfalls, and the general 
beauty of the stream are not often equaled. Even 
as lately as 1820 the young people of the town 
found beautiful places of resort among the tangled 
shrubbery that fringed its silver marge. The young 
ladies of Gardiner, as appears by a note lying before 
me, addressed by Mrs. L. M. Child to Mrs. Esther 
Nudd, had dedicated a bower to the genii of the 
spot, and were accustomed to take great delight in 
its pleasing shade. But the ^rude hands of Art and 
Industry have destroyed the sylvan beauty that ren- 
dered the region so delightful to the Red Men, and 
now, with the exception of here and there a fine 
residence or street, the city is quite utilitarian in its 
appearance, especially the business streets. 

Cabbassa-contee river, rises in Winthrop Pond, 
and other ponds in Mt. Yernon and Wayne, and 
after nearly surrounding a large part of Gardiner, it 
empties into the Kennebec, being 35 miles long. 
It is fed by over twenty ponds. The water never 
fails for manufacturing purposes. It is so warm, 
as usually to thaw the ice in the Kennebec for a 
considerable distance before the ice leaves the river.* 

The Indians used to sayf that the Cabbassa was 
thus made: — A mighty man itou stood where the 
outlet now is, and with an axe hewed through the 
solid rock, and cut a channel. 

The compiler designed to present a lithographic 
view of Gardiner, but the city is so unfortunately 
situated, that it cannot all be seen from any one 
place, unless one had an air balloon. In the absence 

* Farmers for thirty-five miles around, were forced to resort to 
the gristmlU on this btream in August 1825, in consequence of 
the low condition of other str^an^. 

t KendaU. 



of such a view, here follows a most excellent pen- 
and-ink sketch. 

A writer in the Transcript of March 20, 1860, 
thus speaks of Gardiner : — " The physiognomy of 
Grardiner is decidedly striking. It is masculine in 
the extreme. There is nothing boyish or effeminate 
about it, — not but that there are boys and girls 
enough of all ages in the place, but we are speaking 
of the city, not citizens. It has a rough, day-laboring 
look, which makes you feel at once, on entering it^ 
that here is the health, here are the bone and muscle, 
the vigor and the energy, to make business thrive, 
and the place go ahead, through thick and thin. It 
is none of your level, smooth-faced, quiet, genteel, 
tame-looking places, to which you can apply the 
word handsome in the sense that the ladies some- 
times apply it to milk-and-molasses visaged men ; on 
the contrary, the visage of the place, the general 
cast of its features is decidedly repulsive ; but as 
with many individuals, their real beauties lie con- 
cealed beneath an ugly exterior, like honey in an 
old fashioned beehive, so there are many things in 
this unprepossessing city, which on a longer acquaint- 
ance,, serve to awaken delight and attachment. The 
city lies upon the west bank of the Kennebec, and 
like a circle of Gipsy tents, faces the rising sun ; 
that is to say, it lies upon an eastern slope of land, 
and nearly all its dwellinghouses, I may safely say 
nine-tenths of them, face eastward. To a visitor 
sailing up the river, and thus taking at first a facial 
view of the town, the first object that strikes his 
eye as he rounds the bluff called Barker's Point, and 
gets a glimpse of the village, are eight or ten -large 
wharves with probably one or two vessels moored at 
each, and some of them covered with huge piles of 
lumber. Then the long row of stores extending 
towards the north-west, the distance of half a mile. 
These are mostly brick buildings, and being only 


three stories in height, do not present a very impos- 
ing appearance. Unlike the dwellinghouses, these 
have their back ends to the river, and some oif them 
present very uncomely posteriors, especially those, 
the upper stories of which are occupied by families. 
How diflFerent would be their appearance, if they 
fronted on a wide and handsome street, nmning 
along on the bank of the river, and up the southern 
shore of Cobbossee-contee bay. In point of taste, 
convenience and profit, a row of stores, in every place 
which is likely to attain a large size, should have, to 
use an Irish expression, the " front doors on the back 

" The saw-mills are the next more notable objects 
which would be likely to draw the stranger's atten- 
tion. Five or six of them extend across the bend of 
Cobbossee-contee bay, northerly at a right angle 
with Water street. All around them are huge piles 
of lumber, and about 30 feet below them lies the 
bay, a shallow body of water, about 8 acres in ex- 
tent, and thickly paved with mill logs, upon which, 
at all times of the day, may be seen numbers of 
hardy lumbermen, with their long pick poles, se- 
lecting the logs by their marks, and moving them 
slowly up to the foot of the slip, up which they are 
drawn into the mills, by water power machinery. 
Beyond these mills to the west, is the deep gorge 
through which flows the Cobbossee-contee river, 
lined on either side with saw-mills, factories, tanne- 
ries and other water works of the city. Sloping 
from the Kennebec to the westward, and from the 
Cobbossee-contee to the north, south, and west, the 
land spotted with houses of every size and sort, rises 
gradually to the height of about 125 feet. On the 
summit of the northern slope stands the Methodist 
chapel ; on that of the southern slope, rise conspicu- 
ous the spires of the Episcopal and Universalist 


One of the finest residences and country seats 
in New England, an ornament to the State, and an 
object of attraction to the traveler and the stranger, 
is Oakland Place, the estate belonging to and occu- 
pied by Hon. R. H. Gardiner. It extends about one 
mile along the river, and contains 310 acres of 
every variety of soil and landscape. The house, 
a splendid one, of the finest granite, is erected in the 
style of rural architecture which prevailed during 
the reigns of Henry YIU and Elizabeth, and was 
finished in 1836 at an expense of more than 
$32,000. Mr. Downing, in his Landscape Garden- 
ing and Rural Architecture, says, " In Maine the 
most remarkable seat, as respects landscape garden- 
ing and architecture, is that of Mr. Gardiner, of 
Gardiner." It is surpassed by few if any residences 
in New England, and the estate itself is most 
elegantly situated, and adorned with great taste. 
Besides this are several residences of great beauty, 
occupying eligible sites. Such are the elegant 
houses on Main street, extending from Frederic 
Allen's to Hon. Parker Sheldon's inclusive ; William 
S. Grant's, John Dennis', Francis Richards', William 
Bradstreei's, Seth G. Moore's, Dr. Whitmore's and 
many others. 

Some idea of the place may be gathered from the 
following record of the 


Population, including West Gardiner, 6,486 ; 
deaths, 78 ; farms, 195 ; productive establishments, 
46 ; houses, 988 ; paupers, 46, costing the town, 
$2,600 ; books in libraries, 6000 vols ; valuation, 
$2,098,000; 1 academy, 25 schools, 28 teachers, 1060 
scholars ; 10 places of public worship, worth $38,000, 

* From the TJ. S. census, taken by Daniel Nutting, Esq. 


and capable of holding 4000 persons ; 300 horses 
600 cows ; 326 oxen ; other cattle, 381 ; sheep, 940 
swine, 189; wheat, 124 bushels; corn, 7962 bush, 
oats, 5,542 bush. ; rye, 58 bush. ; beef and pork, 
$5000 ; honey and beeswax, 2780 lbs. ; hay, 3900 
tons ; cheese, 8340 lbs. ; butter, 50,000 lbs. ; apples, 
&c., $4000; barley, 700 bush.; potatoes, 8500 
bush. ; wool, pease, beans, &c., ; lumber saw- 
ed, 15,000,000 ft. ; shingles, 12,000,000 ; clapboards, 
3,500,000 ; pill boxes, 576,000 ; flannel, 5000 yds. ; 
cassimere, 20,000 yds ; satinet, 8000 yds. ; furniture, 
$10,000; sides leather, 45,600 ; splits, 93,000 lbs.; 
sheepskins, 50,000 ; machinery, $7,300 ; 20 tons 
wrought iron; 125 do. castings ; stone ware, $6,500 ; 
boots and shoes, 10,500 pairs; flour, 12,000 bar- 
rels ; middlings, 65,000 lbs. ; 28,000 bushels feed ; 
sleighs, 37 ; wagons, 15 ; paper, over 500 tons, worth 
$120,000; clothing, $11,500; stoves and tinware, 
$10,000; doors and sashes, $11,000; bricks, 350,000 ; 
pumps and blocks, $2000 ; 430 tons vessels ; sails, 
$8000 ; harnesses, $800 ; caps and hats, $4500 ; fur 
robes and coats, $1160 ; bread, $2560 ; &c. There 
are 6 allopathic, 1 homeopathic and 2 botanic phy- 
sicians, 1 dentist, 10 attorneys, 2 printing oflices, 2 
bookstores, 2 banks, a Savings Institution, I bindery, 
3 apothecaries, 3 hotels, 2 jewelers, 2 auctioneers, 

2 hat, cap and fur stores, 6 livery stables, 4 stove 
and tin shops, 2 hard ware stores, 1 bakery, 2 bar- 
bers, 1 harness maker, 2 furniture manufactories, 1 
sail loft, 2 crockery stores, 1 extensive pottery, 1 
plaster mill, 1 woolen factory, 2 machine shops, 1 
foundery, I tannery, 1 flour mill, 1 paper mill, 3 
ship-yards, 5 tailors, 7 ready made clothing stores, 

3 confectionary stores, 3 eating houses, 6 boot and 
shoe stores, 6 millinery stores ; 2 carriage manufac- 
tories, 26 groceries, 5 dry goods stores, 2 express 
offices, 1 fish market, several house and sign paint- 
ers and glaziers, 6 lath machines, 1 steam mill, 11 




clapboard mills, 13 shingle machines, 15 up and 
down saws, 3 door, sash and blind makers, 1 last 
maker, 3 cabinet makers, 9 blacksmiths, 2 commis- 
sion merchants. 

Besides these sources of business, Gardiner is the 
depot of lai^e commercial interests. During the 
season of navigation there are upwards of 1300 ar- 
rivals of steamboats each year, from Boston, Bath, 
Augusta and Waterville, and about 1000 of sailing 
vessels. In 1790, there were 212.* The articles 
taken away, are lumber and produce, and those 
brought are carried inland, through a wide country, 
of which Gardiner and Pittston are the centres. 
Yessels of 800 tons can float between Gardiner and 
Pittston. This makes Gardiner the busiest city on 
the Kennebec. 





Caleb Strong, 


Elbridee Geny, 
James Solliyan, 



•< «» 



John Chandler, 



(1 « 


James Sulliyan, 



tf •» 


Leyi Lincoln, 




«< ft 


James Sulliyan» 
Leyi Lincoln, 



Christopher Gore, 


James Solliyan, 



M (i 


Leyi lincohi, 
Barzillai Gannett, 



<t •« 


Elbridge Gerry, 



t< u 


»« <« 



Caleb Strong, 


tf t< 

William King, 




« it 


Joseph Vamnm, 



«• «« 


Samud Dexter, 
William Gray, 



«« «« 


Samuel Dexter, 



John Brooks, 


Samuel Dexter, 



*< (4 


Henry Dearborn, 

B. W. Crowninshield, 



« « 




t« <f 


«i (« 


1820.t WiUiam King, 




* Rufiis Gay, Esq. 

t Goyemor of Maine. 




JoBhua Wingate, 


Albion K. Parris, 
Ezekiel Whitman, 



« M 


Albion K. Parris, 



Ezekiel Whitman, 



Thomas Gilpatrick, 


Albion K. Parris, 



Daniel Bobmson, 


. «l c* « 



Peter Adams, 


l< »< it 



£QOch Lincoln, 



« « 



M <« 


Ezekiel Whitman, 




Jona. G. Hunton, 


Samuel E. Smith, 



« it u 


Samuel E. Smith, 



Daniel Goodenow, 


Samuel E. Smith, 



U M 


Samuel E. Smith, 
Samuel E. Smith, 



<c c< 






Peleg Sprague, 


Kobert P. Dunlap, 
Robert P. Dunlap, 



William King, 






Edward JbLent, 


Robert P. Dunlap, 



•i »< 


Gorham Parks, 



t» M 


John Fairfield, 



l< « 


«< «f 






« « 


John Fairfield, 



« <C 





Edward Robinson, 


John Fairfield, 



t< « 


Hugh J. Anderson, 



M « 


Hugh J. Anderson, 



Freeman H. Morse, 

, 385 

Hugh J. Anderson, 



David Bronson, 


John W. Dana, 



« « 


John W. Dana, 
S. Fessenden, 



Elijah L. Hamlin, 


John W. Dana, 
S. Fessenden, 



i« i< it 


John W. Dana, 
G. F. Talbot, 



Wm. G. Crosby, 


John Hubbard, 
G. F. Talbot. 






24 JefTerson, 

5 Adams, 

Total,' 29 


65 DeWitt Clinton, 

75 -Madison, 



123 Adams, 
















(Scat. 20) 





121 Van Buren, 







4 AboUtion, 858 




357 Polk, 

40 " 





279 Cass, 

162 «« 










































































































2500 • 























































































































































6576 11976 

7500 13500 

6500 14500 

5900 15900 

6500 14500 

8336 16335 

6950 11300 

The expenses of the city government in detail, 
areas follows: — Schools, ^3300; Poor and alms- 
house, 2000; Fire department, 700; city watch, 
376; interest on debt, furniture, printing, &c. 1750; 
Mayor, 200 ; city clerk, 65 ; clerk of common coun- 
cil, 35 ; street commissioner, 200 ; marshal, $15 ; 
chief engineer, 50 ; city physician, 30 ; city solicitor, 
20 ; collector and treasurer, 250 ; assessors and over- 
seers of poor, 225. 


Dudley B. Hobart, 1803. IStephen Webber, 1830, 9. 

Barzillai Gannett, 1804, 5, 6, 8, Arttmr Pltimer, 1831 . 

9, 11. Silas Holman, 1832, 3, 5, 6, 46. 

Stephen Jewett, 1807, 8, 10, 11, 

12, 13, 14, 16, 16, 17, 18, 19, 

Riifas Gay, 1812, 17, fs. 
Wm. G. Warren, 1812, 13. 
Robert H. Gardiner, 1813, 21, 

James Pnrrinton, 1814. 
James Marston, 1816, 20, 1. ^ 
Sanford Kingsberry, 1819, 20, 1, 

2, 30. 
George Eyans, 1823, 4, 6, 6, 7, 

8, 9, 36. 
Thomas Gilpatrick, 1826. 
Edward Swan, 1826. 
Aaron Haskell, 1829, 30. 
George W. Bachelder, 1830, 1, 

2, 3, 4, 6, 6, 7, 8, 9, 42, 3, 6, 

6, 7, 8, 9. 

D. L. Milliken, 1832. 
Parker Sheldon, 1833, 4, 9, 40, 

Ansyl Clazk, 1836, 6, 8, 44, 

S. B. Tarbox, 1836. 

E. F. Deane, 1837, 40, 6. 
Cyrus Kendrick, 1837. 
Ezekiel Waterhouse, 1838, 44. 
Wm. Palmer, 1839, 47. 
Lawson H. Green, 1839. 
Michael Woodwa]^, 1840. 

A. S. Chadwick, 1840, 1, 2, 4, 6, 


Noah Woods, 1842. 
Charles Danforth, 1846, 6. 
Nathan O. MitcheU, 1846. 
I. N. Tucker, 1849. 


Seth Gay, from 1803 tmtU 1838, 
36 years, and for 11 years 
previous in Pittston. 

Ansyl Clark, 1839, 40. 

Thomas Gay, 1841. 
John Webb, 1842, 3, 4, 6, 6, 7, 




Dudley B. Hobart, 1803.* 
Samuel Elwell, 1804. 
Barzillai Gannett, 1805, 6. 
Samuel Jewett, 1807, 8, 9, 10, 11. 
Rufuft Gay, 1812, 17, 18. 
James Purrinton, 1813, 14. 
James Marston, 1815, 16. 
Jacob Davis and Stephen Jew- 
ett, 1819. 
Joshua Lord, 1820, l,t 3, 30. 
Robert H. Gardiner, 1821, 
James Parker, 1822, 31. 
Daniel Robinson, 1824. 

George Evans, 1825, 6, 7, 8. 
Peter Adams, 1829. 
Alex'r S. Chadwick, 1832, 3, 4, 5. 
Parker Sheldon, 1836, 7, 8. 
Ebenezer P. Deane, 1839, 40. 
Edward Swan and Philip C. 

Holmes, 1841. 
PhiHp C. Holmes, 1842. 
Mason Damon, 1843. 
Dr. Silas Holman, 1844, 
Noah Woods, 1845, 6.' 
Isaac N. Tucker, 1847, 8. 
Charles Danforth, 1849. 


Barzillai Gannett, 1803, 4, 5, 6, 

7 8. 
Dudley B. Hobart, 1803. 
William Barker, 1803. 
WiUiam Swan, 1804. 
Reuben Moor, 1804. 
Joshua Lord, 1805. 
Samuel Elwell, 1805, 6. 
Edward Wilson, 1806, 7, 8. 
Stephen Jewett, 1807, 8, 9, 10, 

11, 14. 
Simon Bradstreet, 1809, 10, 11. 
Jesse Tucker, 1809, 10, 11, 19. 
Wm. G. Warren, 1812, 13, 34. 
Ichabod Plaisted, 1812, 13. 
Aaron Haskell, 1812, 13, 20, 1, 2, 

3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 30, 1, 2, 4, 

5, 6, 7, 8, 9. 

Thomas GUpatrick, 1814, 15, 16, 

17, 18, 21, 2, 3, 4. 
James Lord, 1614, 15, 16, 17, 18. 
James Marston, 1815, 16, 19, 20. 
Rufus Gay, 1817, 18. 
Sanford Kingsberry, 1819. 
Paul Dyer, 1819. 
Jacob Davis, 1820, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 

6, 7, 8. 

Peter Adams, 1825, 6, 7, 8, 9, 30. 

Edward Peacock, 1829. 

Wm. Partridge, 1830, 1, 2, 3, 4, 

Arthur Plumer, 1831. 
Benj. Shaw, 1832. 
Daniel Merrill, 1833. 
Benj. H. Field, 1833. 
Ansyl Clark, 1835, 6, 7, 9, 40, 1, 
\ 2, 3, 4. 

E. F. Deane, 1837, 40. 
Cyrus Kendrick, 1837. 
A. S. Chadwick, 1837, 41, 3J, 5, 

Thomas N. Atkins, 1839. 
Jordan Libby, 1840, 1. 
Ebenezer White, 1842. 
Elkanah McLellan, 1842. 
Mason Damon, 1843, 4, 6, 7, 9. 
Edward Swan, 1843. 
Arthur Plumer, 1844. 
Charles Danforth, 1845, 6, 7, 9. 
James G. Donnell, 1845. 
Phineas Pratt, 1846, 7. 
Robert Thompson, 1848. 
Michael Hildreth, 1848. 
Isaac N. Tucker, 1849. 

* Received five votes ; the whole number cast, 
t Mr. Lord resigned his seat, 
j To fill a vacancy. 



Bufos Gay, 1803, 4, 6, 6, 7, 8, 9, 
10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 
18, 34, 5, 6. 

Edward Swan, 1819, 20,. 1, 2, 3, 
4, 6, 6, 7, 8, 9, 30, 1, 2, 3. 

Thomas Gay, 1837. 

E. F. Deane, 1838, 9, 41. 
Michael Hildreth, 1840, 1,* 2, 3, 

4, 6, 6, 7. 
Jason Winnett, 1848. 
Cyrus Kendrick, 1848,t 9. 

City Officers. 

Matobs. — R. H. Gardiner, 1850. 

Parker Sheldon, 1851, 2. 

Aldermen, — Peter Grant, 1850, 1. Myrick Hopkins, 1850, 1. 
Aaron Haskell, 1850. Charles P.Walton, 1850. Samuel Hooker, 
1850, 1. Edward Swan, 1850, 1. Jordan Libbey, 1850. John 
Berry, jr., 1851. Samuel Newcomb, 1851. A. S. Chadwick, 1852. 
John Plaisted, 1852. Samuel B. Tarbox, 1852. J. B. Tozier, 1852. 
John Webb, 1852. Joseph C. Siphers, 1852. 

Common Council. — Ezekiel Waterhouse, 1850. E. G. Pierce, 

1850, 1, 2. John P. Hunter. 1850, 1, 2. P. C. Holmes, 1850. 
Simeon Cary, 1850. Ivory Wakefield, 1850. Aaron Bran, 1850. 
Cyrus Bran, 1850. Hiram Pope, 1850. Jesse B. Tozier, 1850, 1. 
Charles H. Houghton, 1850. Stephen Merrill, 1850. John Berry, 
jr., 1850. John Robinson, 1850, 1. Joseph N. Smith, 1850. 
Henry B. Hoskins, 1850, 1, 2. S. B. Tarbox, 1850, 1. Noah 
Woods, 1850. Sewall Libbey, 1850. G. W. Beedle, 1850. Wm. 
Neal, 1850. F. P. Theobald, 1851, 2. John Plaisted, 1851. James 
Steward, 1851, 2. Elbridge Berry, 1851, 2. S. L. Plumer, 1851. 
Thomas Briery, 1851, 2. Wm. Libbey, 1851, 2. P. Pratt, 1851, 
2. Cyrus Wilson, 1851, 2. Charles Lawrence, 1851, 2. M. Hil- 
dreth, 185f. S. Weeks, 1851. Philip Winslow, 1852. Robert 
Thompson, 1852. Wm. R. Gay, 1852. John Woodcock, 1852. 
J. Nash, 1852. Jas. Capen, 1852. Joseph Williams, 1852. 

City Clerks. — John Webl), 1850, 1. Charles P. Branch, 1852. 
President of Common Council, — Noah Woods, 1850. P. Pratt, 

1851, 2. 

Clerkf Common Council. — Ansyl Clark, 1850, 1, 2. 

City Treasurer. — Freeman Trott, 1850. Cyrus Kendrick, 1851, 2. 

Assessors. — Daniel Fuller, 1850. William Palmer, 1850. Eze- 
kiel Waterhouse, 1850. Noah Woods, 1851, 2. Myrick Hopkins, 
1851. Ansyl Clark, 1851. Wm. Bradstreet, 1852. Nathaniel 
Kimball, 1852. 

Overseers of Poor. — Charles Danforth, 1850. Phineas Pratt, 
1850. I. N. Tucker, 1850. 1851, and 2, same as Assessors. 

School Committee.— ''Soah Woods, 1850, 1, 2. Rev. J. P. Wes- 
ton, 1850. Rev. W. L. Hyde, 1850, 1, 2. Rev. George Burgess, 

* Chosen to fill a vacancy. f Ibid. 



C;4»0/.Epi^iM«r.— Franklin Foster, I860. Charles A. Bobbrns, 
1851, 2. 

C% MarahaU. — Mason Damon, I860. George S. Maynard, 
1851, 2. 

City Physician. ^Y, P. Theobald, 1851, 2. 

City Solicitor. — Noah Woods, 1850, 1. Nathaniel M. Whitmore, 

Street Commitiioner. — S. Amee, 1852. 


Valuation of Gardiner for the year 1851, $1,435,000; Poll tax, 
$1,26 ; No. of Polls, 1025 ; Tax, — 1 et. 9-10 of a mill per dol- 
lar, ~f 16,933,71 ; Highway, 2050; Schools, 8300; Poor, 2000; 
City, 2950. 





Joseph Adams, 


Augustus Ballard, 


Frederic Allen, 


Thomas S. Baker, 




S. & C. Baker, 


Robert Aliif, 


John Barber, 


Samuel Amee, 


John C. Bartlett, 


William « 


Wm. C. Bates, 


Silas Andrews, 


Edwin Bailey, 


Arthur " 


Geo. W. Barker, 


Baker •» 


Geo. A. Bachelder, 


Cyrus Anne, 


Geo. W. Beedle, 


Jno. E. Atkins, 


Samuel B. Beals, 


Thompson Atwood, 


Andrew Berry, 


John Atkins, 


Arthur Berry, 


George " 


" " 2d, 


Joseph C. Atkins, 


John Berry, Jr., 


Alexander " 


«< »< 

Levi " 


Elbridge '< 
Isaac Bickford, 


Thomas N. " 



George M. Atwood, 


Joseph Booker, 


Joseph C. Atkins, Jr., 


James ** 


John C. Ayers, 


•* « Jr., 


Mary L. Armstrong, 


SifSamai Bowman, 


Adlam & Hill, 


Dorcas •* 


Bartlett & Johnson, 


Martha C. A. «* 


Loring Ballard, 


Andrew Bourk, 


William Bamet, 


N. J. Boynton, (estate,) 


Charles G. Baxter, 


Thomas Booker, 


James Bates, 


Timothy •* 


Samuel Bartlett, 


WiUiam Blaisdell, 


John B. Barker, 


Frederic Blood, 


Solomon W. Bates, 


Samuel E. Bran, 


Baptist Society, 


Charles P. Branch, 


Thos. J. Baker & Son, 


Simon Bradstreet, (estate,) 


Thomas M. Baker, 


Joseph ** 


G. W. Bachelder^ 


Henry B. « 








Nath'l Clark, 


■Wm. W. " 


Dorc» '■ 


J«Hq.h H. " 


Ansyl " 


ChwiM Bridge, 


R. R. aay. 


Thomab Briery. 


Daniel " 


Henry Brookiiigs, 


William Clay, 


Btephen Brown, 


James A. » 



" " ■• &C0.. 


Hatthew " 


« 0. " " 


John N. " 


George E. " 


Samuel » 





Rebecca " 




Paul R. aeave.. 


Smnner CloDgh, 


Uriah Briery: 


Jeaoa CoUina, 




Charles '■ 


Deborah Burns, 


Jamea " 2d, 


Wm. F. Burr. 


Edward Costellow, 


Rev. Geo. Burgeae, 


Oliver Oolburn, 


AlUon K. P. Bulfiim, 


Geo. H. Cooke, 


Charies L. Byram, 


James A. Coi, 


David Copp, 


WiUiamH. •■ 


Gporge S. Cos, 


June* R. " 


Oscar Crane, 


Bben'i 8. « 


AlonzoD. Crawford, 




AUen Crowell, 


Ludnda P. Bodfish, 


Noah W. CroBS, 


F A. Butmnn, Jr. 4 Co. 


Thomas I.. Crocker, 


ChatlosN Bodiish, 


Walter Curtis, 


Ebcne^ei G. Byram, 


John Cusao. 


James Capeu, 


Isaao Cowan, 


Aaron Capen, 


CoUbossco Pnpcr MiU Co 

, 6S,40 

John Cannard, 


Thomas Cusac, 


AWathar Carlelon, 


Matilda CoUins, 


John Carter, 


John Dalton, 


Dkvid CaU, 


Stephen J. Dana, 


Simeon Gary, 




Joseph H. Curd, 




Eichard H. CiildweU, 




MerriU CampbeU, 


Jacob E. " 


Alexander S. Chadwick, 


WiUiam " 


Edmund A. Cbadwick, 


Mason Damon, 


Nathaniel K. " 

A 1.40 

Thomas Dana, 


Frances Chapman, (exempt,! 

Elbridge Dauforth, 


Nathan Chsse, 


Danferth & Woods, 


Andrew D. Chapman, 



Geoi^ W. Chaney, 
ChriBt Church, (EpiB.) 


William Day, Jr., 




SUa« •• 


E. F. Deane, (eatate.) 


Loria Clark, 


John Dennis, 


ssKTOH or aABDimm. 






»8.07 iThomas J. Toye, 



*.89i Henry " 


Jouph C. Dill, 

8,44 Abel French, 


Ow^W. » 


Bniunin " 

a,90 Henry H. French, 
l,eO John Frost, 



ClMtloiH. " 

BM " " 2d, 


Thonuu Dixon, 

4,63 Wm. " 


Jowph DouglMB, ((»Ute, 

9.96 Leonard Fuller, 



lfi,43 Scwall 


21,97 Fnat i Gtar, 


Eli». ft Mary A. Dowdea, 

«.9fi FUiiR. Drew & Co., 


Elbridge Drake, 

e,17 1 David Finn, 


MoBBB Dunlon, 

6,84|WUliflra W-GHdittW, 





John DunpW, 
AbdB. Dunkp, 

a,36; Gardiner Bank. 
a,3fi ' John D. Gatdiner. 



William DiUingham, 

2,90, Seth Gay, (ertato,) 


J»bn Eastman, (Mt>te,) 

d,46lKufna '• 


B«uben " 

8,M Thomna Gay, 


Sunuel >' 

8,67 George " 



6.66 Wm. 11. " 


Isuc H. Edwarda, 

6,86 Charlofl ■' 


Jaa. H. R. 

8,B0,DorcnBP. " 


Oibbina Edgecomb, 

7,64 i Gardiner Steam Mill, 



8,77 Isiiac N. Gammon, 




John S. OiTena, 



Arthur W. Gilei, 




Cleveland B. Olidden, 






Amua P. " 


N. ft 0. Goodwin, 


CharlM Elder, 


John E. *• 


Joabua '• 




Daniel •< 


John D. N. « 


JHeiuad Eldridge, 


Bamard Goodrich, 


June Esmond, 


John C. Godding, 




Robert Gould, fhein,) 


Heuben Esty, 


S. 3. Goodrich. 


GeorRC Evaiu. 



Benjamm Emmona, 


George GoddiiiR, 


Geo. W Pflll, 


T.anKdoQ Gilmore, 


David Farrar, 


Joseph Grant, Jr., 


Benj. FarrU. 




Benj. F. Field, 


Thomaa Grant, 


Wm. Faraham, 


Wm. B. " 


Michael FJiim, 


" " Jr., 


EUaha J. Ford. 


'■ S. " 


Nathsii Faster. 




Joaeph Foye. 


Nancy " 


James " 


Williajp Gray. 


John L. ■• 


Joseph Qrover, 







Ueuben Griffin, 


Charlea Hnoker, 




Walton O. Hooker, 


LotBn GriRith, 


Mtrick Uopkina, 


SilM T. Guahee, 


Simtou ■• 


John Green, 


Kandall " 


Jusie) Korriman, 


Samuel Hopkinsod, 


Daniel HKiignn, 


Jame* Horn, 


Michael Hnydeti, 


Henry B- UoBkins, 


Israel U. llEUriraim, 



Wm. S. HflDBcom, 




Htiam Hnlncs, 


West Howerd, 


Phtncos Ilumilton, 


William L. Hopkiiwt 


GorhEm " 


ThomHH HDlbroot, , 


David Haines, 


John P. Hunter, 


Senj, Haytica, 


William Uutchin&on, 


Chandler G. Hamlin, 


Charlea '■ 




Herrick Uuntingtim, 





Kariow Harden, (ertate.) 


John P. Hunter & Co., 


PeUuun •< 


JoBoph Irish, 


Spencer ■• 


Thomas B. JacldnH, 



■Edward Jarvis & Son*, 




Abner T.Jewell, 




Williara F. Jackson, 


John H««lton, (MMte,) 




Seu-beo " Jr.. 




Sylvaiiua Hatha wa J, 


Edward JarviB, 


Stephen EDOl, 


Charlea L. Jackins, 


WiUiam Helah, 


G. B. Jaokman, 


Andrew J. Htninum, 


John Jaqnith, Jr.. 


Anais Hildreth, (oBtate,) 


WUIiain E. Jarvis, 


HlDhael " 


Jacob JeweU, 


Thnddeni « 


Andrew Jeck. 


H«irr " 


Jamea Jewett. 




A.ndrew Johnson, 


Daniel " 


Daniel « 


ChwletS. « 


Joseph " 


Nahum " 




Jffhn Hilton, 


Daniel S. " 




U. S. Jones k Co., 




John C. " 


Elifha S. Higgin*. 


John Judkins. 


Samuel HodBdon, 2d, 
John B. Hadgkina, 


Nathaniel Kenniaton, 





Sil» Hodpnan. (ertate.) 





Samuel Kendall. 


lUveriu^ Hooker, 


Luther W. Kimball, 


Elbridge G. " 


CjruB Kindri=k, 


Holmes and BobUn^ 




Satnnel Hooker, 


Nath'l KimhaU, 


Hooker, Libbey ft Co. 


DanieJ Kinney, 


■ERCH or eimDnnB. 

Samnel Knox, 
Hannah. Kimx. (exempt,) 

JaracK KittrcilBe, " 

John Kirk, S.SS 

John S. Kilby. 1,61 

Poliot T. Lally, 06,78 

EUw H. Lawreace, 4,63 

Je?so Liimbott, 22,88 

David Lnndcni, 88,33 

Ibuc " 3,3S I 

John Lcnderkin, 7,04 I 

Williun Labaree, (exempt,) 

Jamea , " 1,86 

Daniel •' 2,S1 

John Lawrence, 28,36 

ChaAn Q. litchfiald, 

JoEPpli & EliFQ Ltbb«7, 
Hiram A, Lord, 
Hoaea H. " 
Banjel LoKng, 
RliTHbpth JiOTi, 
Joniet, LoH'cIl, (oetftto,) 












WiUIara " 

Joteph B. " 

'William " aa, 4,ow| 

" A. " 11,23' 
Simon " 
Benjamin ■' 
Jlirnm Lnwton, (eiempl,) 

' Thomaa Lewis, 6,63 

WilUam B. ■' 2.63 

Henry Lcemnn. 8,52 

Iceman Ik Hamlin, 32,39 

JamcH Leard, 2,52 

Jamee W. Lemont, 12,82 

SOaa S. <• 16,63 
iBaac Leighton, (exempt,) 

James Leard, Jr., 6,44 

- Zina H. Lewis, 4,42 

Btillman Libbey, 0,08 j 

Aaa " 7,63' 

Jordan " 39,93 

Elisha >' 9,03 

SewaU " 19,13 

John " 10,30 

Shirlef •• 13,03 

Hiram •■ 13,83 

William " 23,06 

B«uben •< 13,62 

Daniel Lincoln, 69,69 

Sevall Libber. ^-^l 

R. K. LitUefield, 23,06 

Geo. W. " 11,62 


Andrtw Leonard, 
MnryAnnMatT, (ei 
Marion F. Marble, 
nichojd Mace, 
'lliomaa Magrath, 
Patrick Maher, 
Benj. MntBton, 
Enooh Marshal], 
Smith Maxcy, 

IJoiin MaxweU, 
William " 
John Mngtaih, 
Joseph MainB, 
Warren Mareon, 
Emerald McCurdy, 

Elfcannh Mcl*il«n, 
Andrew B. HcCaucland, 
WiLinm H. 
Cfiarlea W. ■• 

Andrew " 

John McManuB. 
John McCarty, 
Henry Mender, 
Joseph A. Merrill, 
Jeremiah B. " 

John Meader, 





t Soeiety, 4,91 

. HobinBon & Co., 10,90 
L. Meservo, 6,87 

Gideon Meader, 8,86 

James E. " 2,S5 








John H. Meader, 
John £. Merrill, 
Mitchell, Wilson & Co., 
Esther Mitchell, 
Enoch MiUer, 
Nathan O. Mitchell, 
Joseph L. 

James Morrow, 
John Moore, 
James D. 
8eth G. 
John T. 
James M. *^ 
Thomas *« 
Ebenezer ^* 
Bryant Morton, 
Arch. Morrill, 
Morrell & Heath, 
Wiilard M. Moore, 
Simon Morgan, 
John H. *• 
Silas P. Murray, 
Amos Muzzy, 
J. H. Nash, 
Nash & Nudd, 
James Nash, 
WUUam Neal, 
Anson G. " 
Samuel Newcomb, 
William Nickerson^ 
A. G. " 

Samuel Noble, 
Isaac " 
Clark «« 
Nathan B. Norton, 
William Noyes, 
Ivory Nudd, 
Daniel Nutting, 
Edward D. " 
Benj. Nelson, 
Samuel Noyes, 
Osgood & WaterbousCi 
Stephen Osgood, 
Charles " 
Nancy Odiome, 
Mrs. Parkhurst, 
{Moody Palmer, 



























































James J. Patt«r8on» 

Robert Patten, 

S. J. Park & Co., 

Amiel Page, 

William Palmer, 

Gideon S. 

Daniel C. 


Dorcas Parker, 

Charles H. Partridge, 


Freeman P. Patten, 

Eleazar Page, 

James Peacock, 2d, 



Alvin T. Perkins, 

Gideon Perry, 

Jane Perham, (exempt,) 

Lincoln Perry, 

Joseph " 

Elbridge G. Pierce, 

Hannah W. Pike, 

Lyman Pettigrew, 

N. R. Pike, 

WiUiam P. PhiUps, 

Isaac ^* 

Edmund ** 

Welcome Pincin, 

Sedgwick L. Plumer, 

Arthur «« 

John Plaisted, 

George " 

Betsey " 

Hannah Potter, 

George . 


William «* 



Thomas R. *' 

Phineas Pratt, 

Eliphalet Pray, 

BLiram Preble, 

Franklin Pray, (^exempt,) 

Zacheus S. Pumngton, >. 

Wm. G.Percy, 

Samuel Plaisted, 

Otis M. Preble, 

Nathan C. Prescott, 

Ahira Plaisted, 





















































Oliyer P. Quinej, 
Irory Quint, 
Aim Rafter, 
Daniel Randall, 
William Raymond, 
Daniel Robmson, 
Warren Reed, 
Thomas R. Reed, 
James Reynolds, 
Levi Rhodes, 

*« « Jr., 

John W. 

Oeorge H. Richardson, 
Somner B. 
Francis Richards, 
Richards & Hoskins, 
Richards & Gardiner, 
Joseph Ring, (estate,) 
Beigamin F. Ring, 
Amasa S. *< 

" " •« &Co., 

William S. «« 
WlUiam F. Richards, 
John Robinson, 
James M. Robinson, 
George H. " 
Robinson & Rowell, 
John Roberts, 
William F. Rollins, 
Oeorge Rogers, 
Oreenleaf 8. Rogers, 
Henry R. ** 

Wm. Royal, 
James Roberta, ' 
John Russel, 
James R. Runnels, 
John W. Russel, 
William Sargent, 
Ezekiel Sawyer, 
Alvin " 

Henry Sager, 
R. H. Sawyer, 
Rufus B. Seabury, 
James Scott, 
Charles A. Seiders, 
Bex^amin Shaw, 

« " Jr., 

William B. '« 


2,9 1 


























Shaw & Donnel, 


Parker Sheldon, 


Parker C. •* 


Joseph C. Siphers, 


w c« 


Jesse W. Smith, 


Amasa Smith, 


Josiah T. Smart, 


William Smith, 


Cyrus *» 


David «< (heirs,) 
Samuel ** Jr., 





George W. Snow, 


Joel H. " 


Josiah Sprague, 


« w. «' 


Benjamin '* 


Marvel " 


Seth «« 


£dm\md Spear, 


Alfred " 


Ardra « 


William Springer, 2d, 


Moses *« 


John " 


Andrew ** 


William »« 


Sprague & Lord, 


Samuel Springer, 


Jordan Stanford, 


J. & B. 


Jordan " (trustee,' 

) 18,10 

Samuel Standish, (estate,) 14,66 

S. Stanley, 


Jabez Stevens, (exempt,) 

Jacob StaiFori 


Samuel Stevens, 


Nathaniel " 


Robert Stinson, 


Benjamin F. Stone, 


John " 


William L. *• 


George E. ♦• 


James •« Jr., 


J. & J. T. " 


Widow J. 


James Steward, 


William « 


Steward, Sargent & Co., 


Zilpha Stuart, 






A. C. Stnart, 


I. N. Tucket, 


CharieB £. Stuart, 


Stephen V. Tucker, 



I. N. •• &Co 


Sunuel Stinson, 


Thomua Tyler, 


Edward Swan, 


Samuel True, 


■William » 


John A. Towns, 


Edward B. « 


Samuel Tower, 


Nathan Swoetland, 


Charles Towle, 


Andrew J. Swift, 


Jahn Upham, 




I. G. Vimnah & Co^ 




Peter rigereux. 


John Symmes, 



Andrew F. StinBon, 


Elbridge " 


JosepK N. Smith, (exem 


Charlea Waire, 


Mattliew Swpetland, 


Peter Waitt, 


Joel F. Tnplcv, 


John W. Waitt, 


Charles Tarticll,(estite, 



Phebe Tarboi, (eatate,) 

10,9oljoeeph " 


St^en W. ■' 


GcorgoW. " 
Wm. Wakefield. 


Nathaniel ■■ 


D. U. ■' 




Henry D. " 


" Jr. 


Elizabeth •■ 


Samuel B. •< 


Henry " 




Charles P. Walton, 




Samuel Wanen, 


fiilaa Tabor, 




James Taylor, 


Henry Washburn, 


Dudley « 


Ezekicl Waterhonse, 


Jotdah Thwing, 


Waterhouaeft Cunningham, 17, 17 

Horatio N. Tcdford, 


John Webb, 


Joshua Thwing, 


St«pben Webber, 


Praderio P Theobald, 


Daniel Webster, 


Stephen " 


Woodwid " 


John " 


Samuel " (exempt,) 

Shem Weeks, 



Samuel " 




Joseph W. Welch. 


Freeman Tibbetla, 


Charles WuUb, 



Benjamin Wcldon. 



Goo. B.Wcutworth, 




Noney " (ciempt,) 

Jnmea D. Towns, 


Benjamin Wevmouth, 


Thomaa Tobey, 


Francis H. " , 


Joseph •• 

8.71 D.W'eBtontCo., 


Wm, S, Towns, 

S.78 1 Daniel" 


Jesse B. Tod^, 

19,H8 Henry L. Weston, 


Ira T. Trafton, 

%3.5 Wra. It. Whatff, 


Othniel Ttipp, 

4.63 I'etcr Wheeler, 


Freeman Trott, 

44,38 Mary D. White, 


Alexander Tronp, 







Cliadboume W. Whitmore, 64,48 


Charles A. White, 

C. JL & J. D. White, 

Caleb S. Whitman, 

Thomas Whitney, 

Mrs. Gorham Whitney, 





Dexter Whitmore, 

Nathl M. 



Nathan Willard, 
Joseph Williams, 
Benaiah ** 
Charles « 
Freeman •* 
James *' Jr., 

Wm. Wiles, 
Bobert WiUiamson, 
Warren " 
Robert Withee, 
James Witham, 






William Witham, 
Allen •« 

Darid Wing, 
Wing & Bates, 
A. £. Wing, 
Philip Winilow, 
Cyrus Wilson, 
Stephen H. WiUdiiaoii, 
Michael Woodward, 
Asa <' 

John Woodcock, 
Asa M. Wood, 
Noah Woods, 
Olive Worcester, 
Amasa Wood, 
Walter Wren, 
Geo. N. Woodsum, 
Mrs. Woberton, 
Rufiis Williams, 
CalYin White, 

























Thos. J. Aflpinwall, 
Silas Andrew! , Jr., 
A. E. 

Charles Adams, 
Everett Andrews, 
J. H. Booker, 
James Blake, 
Klam Benjamin, 
N. J. Bailey, 
Gideon Bowley, 
Edward Boston, 
John H. Berry. 
Leonard P. Bickford, 
Meshach W. Blake, 
Francis Bran, 
Sewall Baker, 
Benj. N. Breed, 
Oliver P. Buker, 
Lewis Bailey, 
Jesse A. Baker, 
William Brislin, 
Samuel H. Bridge, 
ivory Bran, 
James Burns. 
William O. Barker, 
John F. Brookings, 
Michael Broderic, 
John Bams, 


James Barry, 
Abiud Bradley, 
Dennis Crowley, 
James S. Cate, 
John S. Clark, 
Eklward Crowell, 
Pell Clayson, 
Alvan Collins, 
C. H. Crossman, 
Wui. S. Chadwell, 
Isaac J. Carr, 
Michael Costellow, 
John Clary, 
John Crawford, 
Benj. Chamberlain, 
James Chapman, 
Nelson Collins, 
Charles Crane, 
Rebert Church, 
David S. •* 
Alex'r B. Campbell, 
Patrick Collins. 
H. K. Chadwick, 
Gilbert " 
I'atrick Conolly, 
John E. Currier, 
Daniel Carr, 
Martin Connor, 

Geo. A. Cushina, 
William Clary, 
James M. Colson, 
Noah D. Dennis, 
Jo8C(^ Douglass, 
Isaac Decker, 
Enoch Dill, 
Charles H. Davis^ 
Thomas Dea, 
Daniel Dearborn, 
Alfred Douglsss, 
William Danforlh, 
Charles " 
Abncr " 
Samuel Dearborn, 
Ezekiel Davis, 
Richard Dunphy, 
Edward Dudley, 
John P. Dennis, 
John Doyle, 
Joseph E. Drew, 
Anthony G. Davis, 
Geo. Dockendorff, 
Hiram Dunlap, 
Samuel S. Davis, 
Israel R.Dale, 
Patrick Dray, 
Gilbert Eastman, 



Timothy Eastman, 
John S. Emmons. 
Benj. " Jr., 
James RlwcU, 2d, 
Henry Elder, 
Geo. El well. 
Josiah Eastman, 
Knos E^gcomb, 
Krastus Edgerton, 
Daniel W. Elder, 
Edward Farris, 
Franklin Foster, 
Edward Flint, 
John " 

John Foley, 
John K. Foye, 
Charles H. Flyng, 
Bern. H. Field, 
E. P. Furlong, 
John Finn, 
Patrick Finity. 
James H. Foye, 
Alcander Fuller, 
John Fielding, 
William Gray, 
Sam'l Gowell, 
Winthrop Glidden, 
Ezra Griffin, 
Moses Gould, 
Henry G. " 
John A. Glidden, 
William Goodwin, 
Benj. F. " 
Nath'l T. « 
William Gardiner, 
Oliver H. P. Goodwin, 
Math'l Godding, Jr., 
J. y. Gray, 
Levi Goodwin, 
J. W. Glidden, 
Lawson H. Green, 
Henrv Giison, 
Charles F. Green, 
A. W. Griffith, 
George Garland, 
Silas T. Gushee, 
James A. Goodwin, 
Anthony Greenleaf, 
Bernard Garraty, 
Israel Holbrook, 
Aaron Hamilton, 
William H. ** 
Seth *' 

Silas H. " 
Isaiah H. Hamblin, 
William Harden, 
Arthur " 

Edward W. Howes, 

L. G. Hurlburt, 
Albert Huntington, 
John *• 

William H. " 
Edmund Hersey, 
M. P. «' 

Augustus Hopkins, 
H. M. Hill, 
Rev. J. VV. Hanson, 

Rev. W. U. Hyde, (ex.) 
Jona. Holt, 
Dennis Hayden, 
George Hutchinson, 
W. S. 

Eleazar '' 

Samuel '* 

Martin Holmes, 
Andrew Hutchins, 
> Hammond, 
James L. Harriman, 
Riverius Hooker, Jr., 
George W. <• 
Miller Hinkley, 
Charles Hartsnom, 
Wm. Hopkinson, 
Charles £. Hodges, 
Barna Hena, 
Wm. B. Hazeltine, 
John Hicks, 
Wm. E. Hollis, 
Philip Irish, 
James Jarvis, 
Silas Jaouith, 
George M. Jewell, 
Hartley W. Jewett, 
Benj. Jordan, 
B. F. Johnson, 
Richard " 
Wm. Jewell, 
Samuel Jarvis, 
Robert Knowles, 
Daniel Knight, 
Thomas Kindrick, 
James Kittredge, Jr., 
John S. Kelly, 
Sam'l W. Kimball, 
Reuben " 

Edward Kincheler, 
Bern. Lane. 
M. T. Look, 
Hosea H. Linnen, 
Wm. H. Lord, 
John A. '* 
Sam'I M. Lawrence, 
Joseph Libbey, 
Sylvanus Lawrence, 
Joel Libbey, 

Wm. Lithe, 
Thompson Lewis, '^ 
Leander H. Lowell, 
Geo. W. " 

John Leeman, 
Hiram Lawrence, 
Thomas Murfield, 
Thomas Miller. 
Walter B. McCaas- 

John Meserve, 
Nath'l L. «• 
S. S. Moore, 
Granville Marr, 
Levi Moraan, 
William '« 
Leonard Moore, 
Nehemiah *' 
Ira Maxcy, 
Franklin Muzzey, 
Geo. A. McCaasland, 
Arthur B. " 
Joseph ** 

Sumner B. <* 
David McFadden, 
Jacob Mitchell, 
Ruel Maxcy, 
Ed in Muzzy, 
Ebenezer Merrill, 
Reuben McLellan, 
Wm. Meader, 
Thomas McLoud, 
Jerome R. Marsh, 
John Murphy, 


Geo. S. Maynard, 
Albion P. Mason, 
John Morse, 
Richard Maberry, 
J. D. Moody, 
Geo. A. McCurdy, 
John Maher, 
Ephraim Mahoney, 
Patrick " 

I. P. Plickerson, 
Ezra H. Norcross, 
Manthano Noyes, 
Elam G. Nickerson, 
Robert M. " 
John B. Nutting, 
Isaac Neal, 
Waldon Otis, 
James O'Brien, 
Michael " 
Alonzo Owen, 
P. O'Connell, 
M. ** 

Simon OrfT, 



John Objrae, 
Henry Pierce, 
E. " 

George " 
A. Pitu, 

Daniel Plammer, 
Charles ** 
Amoe B. Potter, 
C. F. ** 

Simon Peacock, 
Benj. " 

Joseph '' 
Nehemiah Preble, 
Jeremiah Pickering, 
Henry " 

Samuel P. Payne, 
Joseph Palmer, 
Nehemiah Page, 
Abraham Page, 
Benj. Pincin, 
Ed.S. Perham, 
Wm. Perkins, 
Ed. W. Parkhurst, 
Wm. Park, 
Charles Packard, 
Adoniram J. 'Parker, 
Joseph Parsley, 
K. U. Robinson, 
P. S. " 

John " 2d, 

Jotliam Ripley, 

" " Jr., 

Wm. B. Rader, 
Geo. E. Ridley, 
Geo. Reed, 
Augustus " 
Isaac '^ 

Wm. Rogers, 
N. S. 








W. W. Rowell, 
Samuel H. Ring, 

" N. Russell, 
Thomas Ryan, 
Samuel Smith, 
Amasa ** 2d. 
James D. 
John O. 
Thomas J. " 
Charles Sawyer, 
Robert Smiley, 
Daniel Shannon, 
James B. Sherman, 
Jacob M. Steward, 
George Shaw, 
Horace ** 
Robert A. Sager, 
David Strong, 
Job Swift, Jr., 
Luther *' 
Zina Staadtsh, 
George ** 
David " 
Thaddeus Spear, 
Wm. H. •' 
Charles " 
John T. Stone, 
Charles B. *' 
Henry Stanley, 
Rzekiel Siphers, 
Robert P. Stinson, 
Francis Springer, 
Bart. Sullivan, 
Wm. Toiler, 
Cldridge Temple, 

Asa C. TbompeoB, 
Charles " 
Corydon '* 
James ** 

R.N. " 

Dexter Taylor, 
Silas '' 

Dudley H. " 
Andrew TibbetU, 
George Tarbox, 
KiahlB. Trask, 
Waterman Traflon, 
Lyman Tilton, 
Augustus G. Vamey, 
I. G. Vannah, 
John Walker, 
Geo. Webb, 
Israel W. Woodward, 
N. R. Winslow, 
S. P. Withun, 
Sullivan WasUwm, 
Wm. C. Watson, 
Joseph Wells, 
Geo. Waire, 
Moses Weymouth, 
Jona. W. Willard, 
Charles Webster, 
Albert J. Wright, 
Wm. H. Wakefield, 
Isaac S. Whitney, 
John Wilson, 
Charles B. Williams, 
John P. Weston, 
Daniel Welch, 
Moses S. Wadsworth, 
Elbridge Webber, 
Isaac fS. Wentwurth, 
Freeman Yates. 



On the incorporation of the City of Gardiner, a 
large number of the people residing in the western 
part of the territory, petitioned for leave to with- 
draw, and to become inhabitants of a distinct town. 
They were moved to this step by the fact that they 
would thus be more conveniently situated. This 
was clearly seen by the people of the city, and the 
town was allowed to secede without opposition. 
It was incorporated August 8, 1850. The warrant 
was issued to James Woodbury to call the first 
town meeting, AVhich was held in the Freewill 
Baptist white meeting-house, Aug. 21. 

West Gardiner lies west of Gardiner city, contains 
about 10,400 acres, and is almost entirely of a rural 
character. Its history up to the year 1850 is the 
same as that of Gardiner, and the period since that 
date has been too brief to allow of matters of great 
importance to transpire. The town is flourishing, 
and the people industrious, frugal, and happy as 
mankind in general. It is believed by the writer, 
that no public place for the sale of ardent spirits 
has ever stood in the town, and that even under the 
present anti-liquor law, no agent has yet been ap- 
pointed. The following statistics show the com- 
mencement of the Town's progress. (See Ecclesias- 
tical and Miscellaneous, hereafter.) 


Year. Schooli. Poor, Town. &c. Highway. State & Countv. Total. 

•1851. $800 $1000* $1000 $700 $3,500 
1852. 800 1700 1000 800 4,300 


1860. John Hubbard, 45; W. G. Crosby, 34; 
G. P. Talbot, 21 ; Total, 100. 


Robert Thompson, 49 ; Charles Danforth, 24 ; 
Ansyl Clark, 20 ; Total, 93. 


Moderators. Daniel Fuller, 1850, 1 ; John Stevens, 
2d, 1850; Aaron Brown, 1850; Samuel H. Parsons, 
1851, 2; John Knox, 1851; Thomas M. Clark, 

Town Clerk. Oliver S. Edwards, 1850, 1, 2. 

Treasurers. Merrill Hunt, 1S50, 1; Cyrus 
Brann, 1852. 

Selectmen. Aaron Haskell, 1850; Abner Milli- 
ken, 1850, 1 ; Daniel Marston, 1850; Daniel Fuller, 
1850,* 1 ; Thaddeus Spear, 1851, 2; S. H. Parsons, 
1852 ; Thomas M. Clark, 1852. 


The valuation, prosperity, and names and condition 
of the people, may be found in the 


Talue of Real Estate, $219,632,00 

" Personal ^' 35,754,00 

Tax, 9 mills per cent. 

S3d polls at 1,00 

Assessment, 2561,00 

* Elected to fill a vacancy. 




Samuel Austin, 


-Baker Andrews, 


Smith H. " 


Wm. H. Allen, 


Jas. Atkins, (Halbwell,) ,90 

Aaron Bran, 


Thomas " 


Uriah Briery, (Gar.) 


Ira Bachelder, 


John Bean, 


John Bachelder, 


Samuel Bush, 


Greenlief Bibber, 


Brown Baker, 


Wm. Blanchard, 


Geo. W, " 


John " 


John Blaisdell, 


Handy " 


William Bran, 2d, 


Gardiner '* 


Moses ** 


Levi T. " 


Jeflerson " 


Richard Blaisdell, 


George Bran, 


James " 


Cyrus " ' 


Simon & Francis Bran, 3,87 

Thomas J. Bailey, 


Joseph Baker, 


Ivory Bran, (Gar.) 


John Baker, Jr., 


Heli Bassett, 


Daniel Bran, 


W m. " (estate,) 


Aaron " 2d, 


John Blanchard, Jr., 


Andrew Brown, 


Joseph A. Brown, 




Thomas Burnham, 


John " 


David Bangs, 


John H. Cram, 


William Crosby, 


Isaiah Clough, (Litch.] 

1 2,97 

Charles " 


Peter Clark, Jr., 


Wm. W. Clark, 


Wm. M. " (Hall.) 


Joseph Carleton, 


Nathaniel Currier, 


John Crommet, 


George Church, 


James Collins, (Gar.) 


George " 


Thomas M. Clark, 


James Collins, 


Jonathan Cole, 


Joseph " 


Asa Copp, 


Samuel Clay, (estate,) 


William " (Gar.) 


Daniel Cole, 


James Davis, 


Paul Dyer, 


Manuel Defratus, 


Thomas Davis, 


William M. Douglass, 


Joshua " " 


Eleazar " 


Zebulon W. " 


William H. 


Oliver S. Edwards, 


Ezekiel " 


A. K. P. " 


Nathaniel Erskine, 


Jeremiah ** 


Daniel Fuller, 


Payid '* 







William Fuller, 


David H. »* 


Henry Farr, 


Isaac '' 


Enoch French, 


John Fogg, 


Charles G. French, 


John A. " 


Joseph Fuller, 


Daniel Oilman, 


James " 


Nahum Grover, 




Caleb Goodwin, (est. 

.) 9,77 

John M. Gove, 


John Gowell, 


Bernard Gooidrich, 


Charles Gowell, 


Sumner Green, 


Oliver Goodwin, 


R. H. Gardiner, (Gai 

■.) 24,75 

Archibald Horn, (Hall.) 7,20 

Samuel Horn, 


John W. Herrick, 


Wm. P. Haskell, 


NAMES. Total. 

Euclid Houghton, 99,47 
Aaron Haskell, 40,30 

Nahum Hildreth, (Gar.) 72 



Ephraim Hodges, 2d, 3,64 
Ezra " 4,52 

Sullivan Hodgdon, (est.) 8,49 
Samuel " Jr., 10,23 
Jeremiah " 15,89 

John " 12,35 

Samuel " 1,80 

R. G. Hildreth, (Mass.) 9,63 
Shepard L. Hutchinson, 32 
J)aniel Hildreth, 2d, 10,39 
Henry Hinton, 8,73 

Caroline Hildreth, 6,30 

Charles H. Houghton, 5,47 
Merrill Hunt, 14,88 
















Jeremiah C. Looke, 2,32 
Jesse Lambert, (Grar.) 12,79 
John Libby, 10,88 

Levi Lambert, 8,01 

Robert Laplane, 7,61 

Geo. T. Marston, 15,61 

Daniel Marston, (est.) 17,38 
Samuel C. McKenny, 8,69 
Thos. C. McCausland, 2,70 
Jeremiah " 11,03 

Thomas H. " 4,05 

Sally *' (exempt,) 

Arthur B. « 8,93 

Fi^deric Mills, 6,97 

Levi Jones, 
John Johnson, 
Rufas Judkins, 
David Jenkins, 
John Jaqueth, (Grar.) 
Robert Johnson, 
Benj. Jewett, 
Seth Kempton, 
Nathaniel Kenniston, 

John Knox, 
Nathan J. Knox, 
John S. " 
Thomas K. Lord, 
Samuel Lane, 
32 {Hiram Lord, 
Isaac '*■ 
J. B. Littlefield, 
James Lowell, (Grar.) 
Tobias Littlefield, 
James ** 

Joseph W. Lunt, 
(estate,) 11,57^ James Littlefield, Jr., 



NAMES. Total. 

Thomas Mills, <^2^5 

Benj. Marston, (Grar.) 1,08 
Arthur B. McCausland, 

ChaHes W. 
Joseph S. 

John R. McKenney, 
Nahum Merrill, 
Daniel " 
Allison Miiliken, 







Robert B. Potter, •2,03 

Ansyl Potter, 13,85 

Edward Peacock, 2d, 16,59 
James " (Gar.) 5,53 


James Potter, 
SamM H. Parsons, 

4,55 Wm. Peacock, 


(est exempt.) 

P. L. 

Nath'l Marston, 

James " 

Levi Moore^ 

Wm. McLellan, 

Reuben S. Mitchell, 

J. F. Marr, 

Alex'r " 

F. B. Merrill, 

JamcH C. Malcomb, 

Stephen Merrill, 

Wm. " 

Thomas J. Neal, 

Simon Nudd, 

Geo. Nash, 

Samuel '* 

Hannah Neal, (exempt,) 




Benj. B. Robinson, 
Joseph Roberts, 
Charles M. " 
John M. " 
Andrew Rollins, 
Gardiner Roberts, 
John Robbins, 
Chester Rhodes, 
Thomas Richardson, 
Geo. L. Smith, 
Thomas B. Sampson, 36,00 
Job " 5,36 

John Stevens, 2d, 7,38 

Maria Sampson, (exempt,) 
Moses Stevens, (Bath,) 4,50 
Jeptha Sherburn, 5,59 

James " (Hal.) 27 


Eliakim Norton, 
Robert M. Newell, 
Asa L. " 

Edward Norton, 
Reuel W. Norris, 
T. J. Parks, (est.) 
Hiranf Pope, 
Elijah " 

John Plaisted, (Gar.) 
Simeon Potter, 
Sidney " 
Bart. B. Potter, 












Joseph Steward, 
John " 

James Sherburn, 
Aaron Stack pole, 
Harvey Scribner, 
James Spear, 
Richard " 
Joseph L. " 
Joseph M." 
Gardiner " 
Charles Small, 






16 [Jacob 





















HAMB8. Total. 

Hartwell Stickney, 6,91 

Lois Spear, (exempt,) 

Herman Stinson, 7,23 

Hugh Smith, 10,05 

Barzillai " 8,38 

John Stevens, 5,45 

John A. « 2,03 

Hannah Tappan, (exempt,) 

Andrew Tibbetts, (Gar.) 1,26 

Jesse Tucker, (est.) 28,33 

'' " 1,80 

E merson Titcomb, 2 1 ,20 

Caleb Towle, 14,47 

Nicholas " 7,90 

Henry Taylor, (Hal.) 1,35 

Robert C. Towle, 13,55 

Moses D. Thompson, 3,05 

Caleb Taylor, 2,84 

Wm. Trafton, 10,09 

Asa Trask, 2,25 

Elias Taylor, 6,59 

Geo. D. Wakefield, 13,86 


James Woodbury, 
Wm. " 

N. M. Whitmore,(Gar 
John Williams, 
Ivory Wakefield, 
Jeremiah " 
Dominicus *^ Jr., 
H.M. &J.'^ 
Annanias ^' 








H. D. 

A. & F. 

James Williams, 

Wm. H. " 

Nicholas S. " 

Ezckiel Ware, 

Joseph Wharf, Jr., 

Samuel Washburn, 





.) 12,71 




















James Bran, Jr. 
Eli Bassett, 
Moses R. Bumham, 
Joel L. " 
James Cole, 
Augustine Fuller, 
George A. " 
Daniel F. '^ 
George W. French, 
Alleoh Galusha, 
Israel Glass, 
Wm. Hildreth, 
Thaddeus H. Littlefield, 

Alvin Merrill, 



Samuel Merrill, 
Abner Milliken, 
Henry Marston, 
Robert D. Rhodes, 
Charles Small, Jr., 
Wm. Stackpole, 
Samuel Small, 
John Smith, 
David Tucker, 
Nathan Thorn, 
Sleeper Towle, 
John " 

Thomas Trafton, 
Franklin Wakefield, 
P. M. Ware. 




Members of the English Church were among the 
earliest settlers of Maine.* Those who attempted in 
vain to found a colony on Stage Island, in 1607, 
were members of that church. Sir Alexander Rig- 
by sent over the Rev. Richard Gibson, in 1646, to 
reside among the people of Falmouth, but he soon 
removed to Portsmouth, N. H. Robert Trelawney 
sent the Rev. Robert Jordan to Cape EUizabeth, soon 
after. The Episcopalians were very much opposed 
to the submission of the Province of Maine to Massa- 
chusetts, proposed in 1652, because it would prevent 
the general adoption of their liturgy. The Society at 
Cape Elizabeth has experienced a varied career, and 
its present condition is unknown to the writer. 

Among the first who advocated Episcopacy on the 
Kennebec River was the Rev. Jacob Bailey, who 
graduated at Harvard University, in 1755,t and was 
settled at Pownalborough, and went as a missionary 
for several years, through the neighboring region, 
employed by the Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel. When the Revolutienary troubles thicken- 

* Qreenleaf, p. 223. f Sabine's American Loyalists, p. 142. 



ed, he opposed the American cause, and went to An- 
napolis, Nova Scotia, where he became Rector of St. 
Luke's Church, in which ofBce he died, in 1808, 
aged 67. He was absent from his church but one 
Sunday for twenty-six years. 

The third effort to establish Episcopacy in Maine, 
seems to have been made in Gardiner, or as it was 
then called, Gardinerston. After erecting a mill and 
making the attempts which have been spoken of in 
another part of this work. Dr. Gardiner, who was an 
ardent Episcopalian, and who wished to see the cause 
he loved flourish, established St. Ann's Church, and 
made preparations for building a place of worship, in 
the year 1771. But the premonitory movements of 
the Revolution prevented its completion, and the 
war soon after commencing, effectually hindered its 
progress, so that when Dr. Gardiner died in 1786, it 
was not done.* 

In the last will and testament of the good Doctor 
was found evidence of the love he had for his re- 
ligion, and for what he deemed human welfare. 
The provisions he made have been seen in the will 
printed on page 92 of this volume. He gave ten 
acres of land, and £28 sterling in money annually, 
to the cause he loved, and thus enabled it to gain a 
position here, and which have always aided it. He 
however encumbered it with the English custom of 
presentation, so that his heirs can have the power 
to decide who, at any time, shall be the pastor of 
the church. Should the entire parish desire one man, 
and the owner of the fund desire another, the will 
allows the proprietor to appoint a preacher, whatever 
may be the wish of the society, or the legacy is lost. 

The executors of Dr. Gardiner's will fulfilled his 
wishes, and a small wooden building of one story, 

♦ Greenleaf, p. 223. 


was erected on the land now occupied by the Epis- 
copal vestry. It was about 50 feet square, with a 
tall steeple, surmounted by a large gilt sturgeon, or 
cabbassa. The windows were arched, in the fashion 
of modern churches. The vane and bell were 
given by Wm. Gardiner, and he had also given a 
parsonage house, which was near the church, and 
was nearly finished when he died. It was at length 
allowed to go to decay.* 

A town meeting was called, October 17, 1791,t 
" To see if the Town will vote to hear the Rev- 
erend Mr. Warren as a Candidate on the Principals of 
the Will of the Late* Dr. Gardiner, until next March 
Meeting or for any other term and to se if the Town 
will Vote to appropriate any Sum of their Money to 
his use or raise any sum for his Support in Case they 
should agree with him for a Term longer than to 
expend the Legacy, and to pass any Vote or Votes 
relative thereto, that the Town when assembled 
shall think proper." At the meeting the people 
" having maturely considered the 3d artical in the 
warrant respecting hearing the Reverend Mr. War- 
ren as a candidate on the principils of Doctor Gardi- 
ner's Will, it was voted not (to) hear him at all." 

April 2, 1792, it was voted that Major Reuben 
Colbumf " should get the Windows and Doors put 
up in the Meetinghouse." 

The society or parish was incorporated March 28, 
1793, |[ in answer to a petition presented to the Gen- 
eral Court by Jedediah Jewett, William Barker, Hen- 
ry Smith, Henry Dearborn, Nathaniel Bayley, Seth 
Gay, Barzillai Gannett, Stephen Jewett, Samuel 
liang, Reuben Moore, &c. The first meeting of the 
Society was held on the first of June, and the fol- 

♦ Gen. H. A. S. Dearborn. f Pittston Kecorcb. { Ibid. 
II Parish Kecords. 


lowing gentlemeQ were chosen the first board of 
officers : — Jedediah Jewett, Moderator ; Barzillai 
Gannett, Clerk ; Jedediah Jewett, William Barker 
and Reuben Moore, Assessonsr; Henry Smith, Jr., 
Collector ; William Barker, Henry Smith and Eben- 
ezer Byram, Wardens ; Henry Dearborn, Seth Gay 
and Jedediah Jewett, Vestrymen ; Samuel Lang, 

The salary of Rev. Joseph Warren was fixed at 
£65 per annum. The pews were arranged in three 
classes, and it was voted that those who occupied 
the first should pay fourpeuce, the second, three- 
pence, and the third twopence a Sunday. 

There is but one of the original coomiunicants 
yet living, — Rufus Gay, Esq., who is now a re- 
ceiver of the New Church doctrines. Seth Gay, his 
brother, another, became a Universalist some years 
before his death. Wm. Swan, Margaret Byram, and 
perhaps one or two others, were among the first 
members, and they have all passed away. 

On the 22d of the following August, the . Church 
was burned by McCausland, the maniac. 

Henry McCausland, who has already been spoken 
of among the early settlers, and Revolutionary sol- 
diers, at length became insane, and went wandering 
about the town, though he was always considered 
harmless ; but at length he fancied that the Lord 
had directed him in a vision to make a burut-oifer- 
ing and a sacrifice. The offering was to be the 
church, and the sacrifice the Rev. Mr. Warren, who 
liad for some time preached in the vicinity.* He then 
lived a little north of the Cabbassa-contee. Watch- 
ing for a good opportunity, he filled a child's shoe 
with live coals, and fearful that he should be dis- 
covered if he crossed the Cabbassa bridge, he forded 

♦ Town Recoxds. 


the river near New Mills, and went cautiously over 
to the little church. The building being unfinished, 
shavings were scattered in the gallery, and he gath- 
ered them into a pile, and placed the coals among 
them, and to prevent a too early discovery, he cov- 
ered them with a door, and taking the church Bible, 
he very tenderly carried it into the woods, and laid it 
on a stump. At that time the boards were rough 
and loose on the floor, and the humble edifice, in a 
small clearing in the pine woods, was in strong con- 
trast with the present elegant structure. The build- 
ing was entirely destroyed. Having made his burnt- 
offering, he looked about in vain for an opportunity 
to secure his sacrifice. Finding no favorable occas- 
ion, he concluded that some one bearing the same 
name would answer equally well. An opportunity 
soon presented itself. In October, Mrs. Solomon 
Tibbetts who lived near Potter Bridge, was very 
sick, and needed a careful nurse. Accordingly she 
sent her son Abiathar. down to the village after her 
daughter Abigail, Pelatiah Warren's wife, housekeep- 
er for William Gardiner. There was then no road 
from the Cabbassa pond to the village, and he took a 
canoe and went after Mrs. Warren. They started 
on their return, and were seen and followed by Mc- 
Causland, in another boat, but his canoe was heavier, 
or young Abiathar understood the use of a pad- 
dle better, — he could not overtake them. He pro- 
cured another boat, and arrived after Abiathar had 
gone to sleep in a field-bed on the floor. Mrs. War- 
ren sat on the edge of the bed, resting her mother's 
head on her shoulder, when McCausland entered. 
He spoke pleasantly for a few minutes, and the women 
paid no further attention to him. They had killed 
a cow that day, and a butcher-knife was sticking in 
a beam overhead. The maniac suddenly seized it, 
and plunged it into the throat of Mrs. Yf^rt^tk- "N^^ 
immediately made his escape. A.b\aX\vat \\Rax.^ ^^ 


outcry, and sprang up, and saw the event in a mo- 
ment. He seized a loaded gun which was suspend- 
ed over the mantle-piece, and would have shot him 
dead, but his brother restrained him, until the mani- 
ac escaped. He wandered about until the people 
had begun to assemble in the Great House, where 
they had worshipped since the church was burned, 
when he appeared, wild and haggard, and confessed 
that he perpetrated both deeds. He was immedi- 
ately secured, and was sentenced to be hanged, but 
was pardoned because of insanity. He was impris- 
oned in Augusta jail until he died, August 28, 1829, 
thirty-six years after. During his confinement he 
read the Bible through several times, and was visited 
by hundreds of curious persons, from whom he ob- 
tained small contributions which he sent to his fami- 
ly in very considerable sums. He was bom in 1769, 
and thus was 70 years old when he died.* 

A meeting was immediately called at the house of 
Gen. Dearborn, and it was voted to erect another 
edifice during the approaching fall, and Henry Dear- 
born, Benjamin Shaw, Ebenezer Byram, Reuben 
Moore and Henry Smith were chosen a committee 
to superintend the building, which was decided to 
be fifty feet by thirty-five, and fifteen feet high, 
with a porch or belfry, twelve feet square, " and no 
steple." By the executors of Dr. Gardiner's will, 
and general subscription of the parish, the church 
was soon rebuilt,! and April 26, 1794, it was voted 
" to give Rev'd Joseph Warren a call to settle as a 
minister in the Episcopal parish in Pittston," and to 
give him " thirty-four pounds, thirteen shillings and 
fourpence in addition to the legacy of Doctor Syl- 
vester Gardiner, which is £37,^,8 ; also the irtiprove- 

^ Ahiathar Tibbetts. Mrs. Lord. Christian IhteUigencer. 
t Panah Becords. 


ment of the Parsonage land ; and the loose contribu- 
tion money, as a salary," and that " when Rev'd 
Mr. Warren shall be married, the parish will add 
eighteen pounds to the £72, — which is the salary 
for the current year." The parsonage lot was 
fenced, and otherwise improved this year. Mr. War- 
ren accepted, and became pastor.* 

May 9th, 1796, it was voted on account of " the 
high prices of provisions, "to give Mr. Warren 
ninety-three dollars and thirty-four cents." He left 
July 20, 1796 and went to Charleston, S. C, and 
Rev. James Bowers succeeded him, at a salary of 
three hundred and thirty-three dollars and thirty-four 
cents, and the use of the parsonage. It was voted 
that he should not receive the stipulated salary any 
longer than should be agreeable to three-fifths of the 
Society, and that he should not dissolve his minis- 
terial connection, while a majority wished his stay. 

fin the year 1797, the pews in the meeting-house 
were sold as follows: — Reuben Colburn, $16; 
Ebenezer Vose, ^26,75 ; James Smith, $20 ; Caleb 
Stephens, Jr., $26,75 ; Oliver Colburn, $27,75 ; 
Caleb Stevens, $29,50 ; Bartlet Weeks, $25,25 ; 
James Dudley, $26 ; Robert Murray, $27 ; H. Smith, 
$28 ; Samuel Oakman, $28 ; David Colburn, $28,50 ; 
Roger Lapham, $26,50 ; Griffin & Cutts, $25,50 ; 
Caleb Smith, $18; Caleb Stevens, $17; Nathaniel 
Bailey, Jr., $17,75: Jeremiah Smith, $21; Henry 
Smith, $24,50; Thomas Agry, $26; James Dud- 
ley, $18,50; Robert Murray, $20; Ebenezer Vose, 
$20,25; James Smith, $21,25; Thomas Jackson, 
$20,25; Reuben Colburn, $22,00; Freeborn Gro- 
ver. $24,50 ; David Agry, $26,50, making a total of 

In 1798,J a gallery was finished with pews in the 

♦ Parish Kecords. f Town B.ecoxda. X ^^>^» 


meeting-house, and the first pew-holders were, Free- 
born Grover, Caleb Smith, Nathaniel Bailey and 
Daniel Hilton. The selectmen were instructed in 
the year 1800, '< to apportion the preaching money 
to the members of the Episcopal Society, Eastern 
River District, and the other parts of the towa 
according as they respectively pay of said tax." 

April 19, 1802, Mr. Bowers, having received an 
invitation to remove to Marblehead, proposed to the 
parish that the connection should be dissolved, aad 
his request was granted. During the same year the 
Constitution and Canons of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church of the United States were adopted to govern 
the parish. Mr. Nathan B. Crocker, now an Episco- 
pal Clergyman in Providence, R. I. wa& appointed 
lay reader, July 30, 1802, and it was voted to pay 
him $3,50 per week.* 

Rev. Samuel Haskell was invited to become Rec- 
tor of St. Ann's Church, July 16, 1803, at a salary 
of $«500, he to have or give six months notice be- 
fore leaving. 

When Gardiner was erected "out of Pittston, the 
society changed its name, as it was thought that pos- 
terity might find it difficult to determine whether 
St. Ann's Church, and the Episcopal Society were 
the same, and these names were changed in 1819 to 
" Christ Church in Gardiner, Maine." 

The annual income of the property bequeathed by 
Dr. Gardiner is about $120, and is annually devoted 
to the support of the resident Episcopalian clergy- 

Mr. Haskell accepted, and remained until the siun- 
mer of 1809, when he removed to New York. The 
church was destitute for two years ; but Mr. Haskell 
was succeeded by Mr. Aaron Humphreys, a Metho- 

* Parish Records. 


dist* preacher, who was employed as a lay readerf 
with the understanding that he was to be ordained 
after the Episcopal custom, at a salary of $330, and 
whose term of office commenced June 1, 1811. (Mr. 
Humphreys was afterwards ordained as an Episco- 
palian clergyman, and then became Rector of the 

April 19, 1813, it was voted that Mr. Humphrey's 
ministerial functions cease at the end of one year 
from this time. In the month of September, 1815, 
Rev. George Leonard preached a short time on pro-^ 
bation, and in December he was invited to become 
Rector ; but from some cause he declined, so that 
there was no pastor, or regular religious service for 
about four years. 

In the Summer of 1817 Rev. Gideon W. Olney 
visited the parish, and in August the Rt. Rev. Bish- 
op Griswold preached several times, administered 
Baptism, the Lord's Supper, and confirmation, to 
twelve persons. On the 27th of September, 1817, 
Mr. Olney was- invited to become Rector, and he 
was instituted November 19, 1817, by the Rev. 
Charles Burroughs, of Portsmouth. The keys were 
presented by R. H. Gardiner, Esq. The occasion 
was one of great joy to the parish.J 

It was agitated during the same year to erect a 
new church. A plan was reported, and it was voted 
to proceed, provided enough could be obtained from 
the sale of pews to erect the house. The efforts 
>vere successful, and on the afternoon of the 31st of 
May, 1819, the corner stone of Christ Church was 
laid.<5» A part of the evening service was read by 
Mr. Olney, and an anthem was sung. Then the 
congregation went in procession from the old church 

* R. Gay, Esq. f Francis Richards, t Parish Records. 
§ Ibid. 



to the foundation of the new, in the following 
order: — Singers. Rev. G. W. Olney. Neighbor- 
ing Clergy. Wardens. Vestry. Members of the 
Supreme Judicial Court. Head mason and carpen- 
ter. Congregation. 

Religious services were performed, after which a 
silver plate was deposited under the comer stone, 
inscribed with the date of the occurrence, the name 
of the principal donor, the Rector,.^ Wardens and 
Vestry, and then an address by R. H. Gardiner, Esq. 
followed by singing, and a benediction. 

March 30, 1825, Mr. Olney resigned the Rector- 
ship, and left the parish on the 10th of April, and, 
March 8, 1827, Rev. E. M. P. Wells was invited to 
become Rector, but there was a difference of feeling 
in reference to him, which resulted in a failure to 

August 9, 1828, Rev. T. W. Motte succeeded Mr. 
Olney. He accepted Aug. 30, and was instituted 
Sept. 18, 1828, by Rev. Charles Burroughs of Ports- 
mouth. Rev. Messrs. Ten Broeck, Lot and Norris 
M. Jones were present. March 20, 1830, he re- 

April 19, Rev. Isaac Peck received a call. He ac- 
cepted, but remained only a short time. Feb. 15, 
1831, a beautiful chandelier, bought and imported 
by the young ladies of Gardiner, was placed in the 
church. In 1833, July 4, the old meeting-house, 
which had been used as a town-house for a long 
time, was burned. Mr. Peck resigned Oct. 26, 1831. 

May 12, 1832, Rev. Joel Clap assumed the pastor- 
ate. He remained until the year 1840, when he 
removed to Woodstock, Vt. During a portion of his 
stay, from April 13, 1834, until June 8, there were no 
meetings in the church for fear the roof would fall 

July 9, 1840, at a parish meeting, Rev. Wm. R. 


Babcock* was invited to become Rector. He ac- 
cepted, and commenced his labors. The present 
lecture room was erected in 1841, and covers the 
grave of William Gardiner, th|5 builder of the first 
church. In 1842, about 30 feet of the spire was 
taken down, and the spire and tower cemented. 
The Parsonage was sold in 1842, to Phineas Pratt, 
Esq. Rev. Mr. Carpenter of Rhode Island, was or- 
dained at Christ Church, July 19, 1842. 

Mr. Babcock resigned, April 5, 1847. During his 
stay, more prosperity was enjoyed than ever before. 
Communicants were doubled, and the congregation 
largely increased. Requested by the parish, he 
waived his resignation until October, when a Bishop 
of Maine T^as to be chosen. He was graduated at 
the General Theological Seminary, N. Y. 

Sept. 15, 1847,t it was voted, that if Mr. Bab- 
cock should insist on his resignation, the Rev. Geo. 
Burgess, D. D., of Hartford, Conn., should be in- 
vited. Bishop Burgess accepted, and came on the 
first Sunday in November, 1847. Dr. Burgess has 
published '^The Last Enemy," pp. 330; "The 
Stranger in the Church ;" and is Bishop of the 
Episcopal churches in Maine. 

February 11, 1848, Samuel Duborro was ordained 
in Christ Church. 

Christ Church is one of the finest edifices in 
Maine. It is 96 by 78 feet, and stands 125 feet 
above the bed of the river. Its weather-vane is 126 
feet above the corner stone, so that it is 250 feet 
above the river. It is in the plain gothic style, and 
all parts are in admirable keeping. It seats 475 
people,! and cost about $14,000. 

This church has been repaired repeatedly. Owing 
to some defect in the building, the spire and walls 

• Parish Records. f Ibid. % Daniel Nutting. 


have been ascertained to be weak, and much regret 
has been expressed by the citizens that so fine a 
church should have been so improperly built. The 
parish of Christ Church contains 151 members, and 
has a Sunday school of 180 scholars, with a Sunday 
school and parish library of 700 volumes.* 


Rev. Jesse Lee from Virginia was the pioneer of 
Methodism in this town, about the year 1794. His 
stay was short, but it opened the way for others, 
whose labors were longer continued. Philip Wager, 
Roger Searls, Elias Hull and Enoch Mudge, and per- 
haps some others, preached here a part of the time 
till the latter part of the year 1797, when the first 
Methodist Church was organized by Aaron Hum- 
phrey.! It was composed of members residing in 
Pittston and Whitefield. Some of the most efficient 
were David Young, Burnam Clark, James Norris 
and Benj. Flituer, all of whom are deceased, but 
they lived to a good old age. 

The Church was first associated with a circuit 
called Lincoln and Bath. The record does not state 
who had charge in 1798. In 1799 John Pinegan 
and Comfort C. Smithf were in charge. In 1800, 
Timothy Merritt and Reuben Hubbard. In 1801, 
Timothy Merritt and Comfort C. Smith. In 1802, 
Joseph Baker<5» and Daniel Ricker. In 1803, the 
circuit was divided, and that part including this 
church was called Bristol, and Comfort C. Smith 
stationed upon it. In 1804, Samuel Hillman. 1805, 
Daniel Ricker. 1806, Allen H. Cobb ; in the latter 
part of the year, David Carr took his place, and Cobb 

♦ Hey. George Burgess. f Since an Episcopalian. 

} Since a Universalist. ^ Ibid* 


took Carr's in Hallowell. 1807, James Young.* 
1808, Joel Steele. 1809, Wm. Frost. 1810, Daniel 
Wentworth. 1811, David Stimpson. 1812, David 
Stimpson and Caleb Fogg. In 1813, the circuit was 
divided, and that part including this church called 
Pittston, and' Samuri Hillman and Joshua Nye, its 
preachers. 1814, Ebenezer F. Newell. 1815, John 
Wilkinson. In 1816, Pittston and Bristol united, 
and John Lewis and Jeremiah Marsh were appointed 
to it. 1817, Henry True and John Briggs. In 
1818, Pittston and Bristol were set back again, and 
John Briggs appointed to Pittston. 1819, Wm. 
McGray and Benj. Ayer. 1820, John Atwell. 1821, 
Philip Ayer. 1822, Daniel Wentworth. 1823, E. F. 
Newell. 1824, Benj. Jones. 1825, Peter Burgess. 
1826, Caleb Fogg and Peter Bui^ess. 1827, Daniel 
Wentworth and Francis Drew. 1828, Wm. S. Doug- 
lass and John Libbey. 1829, Job Pratt. 1830 and 
1831, John Young. 1832 and 1833, Samuel Jew- 
ett. 1834, James Thwing. In 1835, Rish worth J. 
Ayer. 1837, James Thwing. 1838 and 9, Josiah 
Higgins. 1840 and 41, Daniel Fuller. 1842 and 3, 
S. P. Blake. 1844, Sullivan Bray. 1845, Davi^. 
Hutchinson. 1846 and 7, George D. Strout. 1848, 
Mace R. Clough. 1 849, Daniel Clark. 1850 and 
51, P. P. Morrell. 1852, John G. Pingree. 

The following have been Presiding Elders upon 
the districts including this charge: — Ralph Willis- 
ton, Joshua Taylor, Joshua Soule, Oliver Beale, 
David Hutchinson, Philip Munger, Eleazer Wells, 
Elisha Streeter, Geo. Webber, Ezekiel Robinson, 
Charles Baker, David Copeland, Wm. F. Farrington, 
N. D. George, W. H. Pillsbury and Albert Church. 

The Sabbath school was first organized in 1832. 
There are now three in East Pittston, connected 

* Since a Uniyersalist. 


258 BccLESiArricAL. 

with this church, having 100 scholars, and a library 
of 300 volumes. 

This church, like the Jewish church in the land 
of Palestine, has had her seasons of common and 
special blessings, and her seasons of conflict and 
trial. But by the Grrace of Ood, she is what she is, 
and has a membership, including probationers, of one 
hundred and sixty members. She has furnished 
four preachers : — David Young, Jr., now deceased, 
Eliakim Scammon, John Young and Cyrus Scam- 
mon. Up to the building of the present house of 
worship, this church was in her ministry associated 
with other churches, so that she had Sabbath preach- 
ing alternately, and on the vacant Sabbaths the 
church held social meetings for prayer, and the exer- 
cise of the gifts of the lay-members in acts of wor- 
ship, by singing, exhortation, &c. Since that time the 
preachers have labored mostly with this church. 
Those members near the house, have for ten or 
twelve years, last past, besides the public preaching, 
generally had a prayer meeting. Sabbath and Wed- 
nesday evenings, and a class meeting Saturday eve- 
nings, which has had a very salutary influence upon 
the religious interests of its members. 

In 1809, a one story meeting-house was built, at a 
cost of about nine hundred dollars, which was raised 
by subscription, and the sale of a tier of wall pews. 
The rest of the house was finished with free seats. 
The citizens joined with the church members in 
building the house, with the agreement that it 
should be a Methodist house, but free for other 
denominations, when not occupied by Methodist 
preachers. This house continued to be the place of 
public worship, till another and better one was built 
at a cost of about $2400 ; built by the sale of the 
pews, in 1838. About five years ago a church bell 
was added — the first in the town. This house. 


like the other, is a Methodist house, but free for 

The governing ministry of this church has been 
supplied by the Annual Conference of the Ministry 
of the M. E. Church, including this locality, by the 
rules of which no one can be sent more than two 
years in succession. 

David Young, Jr.,of Pittston, (see Young geneal- 
ogy,) became a local preacher in the Methodist K 
Church of this place, about 1810. A local preacher 
is one who has no special charge over any particular 
church or society, and does not belong to the Con- 
ference of Traveling Ministry, but labors for the gen- 
eral welfare, when and where he thinks there is the 
greatest prospect of doing good. In this capacity 
he labored zealously and usefully not only in the 
church at East Pittston, but in many of the neigh- 
boring towns, and sometimes far abroad, till about 
five years ago, when he was taken down by sick- 
ness, and died, as much respected and beloved as 
any one in this place ever was. 

E. Scammon became a local preacher in 1816, 
and continued such till 1836, when he joined the 
Annual Conference and still holds a superannuated 
relation to that body, but by a rheumatic affection 
in his limbs, he has been laid aside from efficient 
labors since 1839, and at this time is unable to go 

John Young commenced preaching about 1826. 
He joined the Traveling Connection as early as 
1830, and still holds his connection with it, and is 
general agent of the Bible Society for the State of 

Cyrus Scammon commenced preaching in 1836, 
joined the conference in 1837, and still remains a 
traveling preacher in the East Maine Conference. — 
Written by Rev. Elialdm Scammon, 



The first Methodist preachers who visited Hallo- 
well and Gardiner, were Rev. Comfort C. Smith of 
Readfield, and Rev. Epaphras Eibbey of Massachu- 
setts ; who in the summer of 1 800 were requested 
by Mr. Andrew Goodwin, Gershom Cox, Jesse Kim- 
ball and others residing on the east side of the Ken- 
nebec, in Hallowell, to preach to them. This they 
continued to do occasionally, and in the summer of 
1802 the Methodist Conference appointed two preach- 
ers, viz.. Rev. C. C. Smith and Aaron Humphrey, to 
Hallowell circuit ; which then embraced all the river 
towns from Richmond to Bloomfield. 

The germ of the Methodist Church in Gardiner 
was' formed in 1802 at Bowman's point, where in 
the following year a meeting-house was erected, on 
the intervale just north of Peter Grant's house. — 
This edifice was never finished, as there was a ten- 
dency in the society to concentrate in the villages 
of Hallowell and Gardiner. — It continued to be us- 
ed occasionally for worship, till about 1830, when 
it was^ taken down. — The early Methodists in Gar- 
diner were Moses Springer, sen'r, Eleazer Crowell, 
Ichabod Plaisted, James McCurdy, William Springer, 
Daniel Plummer, James Miller, Stephen Robinson, 
Nathan Sweatland, Harlow Harden, and their fami- 

The following is a catalogue of the preachers 
appointed each year, with the. numbers in the society. 

YEAR. NAMES. No. in Society. 

1802 Comfort C. Smith and Aaron Humphrey, 100 

1803 A. Humphrey and S. Hillman, . .150 

1804 A. Humphrey and Dan Perry, . .161 

1805 Thos. Perry, 187 

1806 David Carr, and A. H. Cobb, . .115 
J SOr Caleb Fogs, 117 

1308 Henry Martin, VU 



1809 Eben. F. Newell, .... 162 

1810 Zachariah Gibson, .... 153 

1811 Samuel Hillman, . . . .150 

1812 "..... 150 

During the year 1812, there was much uneasiness 
in the society, occasioned by the active part taken 
by Mr. Hillman in favor of the war with Great 
Britain. Numbers of the church were Federalists, 
and warmly opposed " preaching politics," of which 
they accused their minister. 

1813 Joshua Randall, . . . . .139 

1814 John Atwell, 203 

1815 " 230 

1816 Henry True, 240 

1817 Daniel Went worth, . . . ' . 300 
1JB18 Benj. Jones, .• ... 344 

1819 Oliver Beale, 406 

1820 Henry True, 425 

In 1821, the three towns of Augusta, Hallo well 
and Gardiner were set off, and continued to be call- 
ed Hallowell circuit, containing 314 church members. 

1821 Charles Virgin, 314 

Till 1821, the society worshipped in the meeting* 
house at Bowman's point, and in the school-house 
near Ichabod Plaisted's. In 1821 and part of 1822, 
they occupied the old church which had been vacat- 
ed by the Episcopalians. 

1822 David Hutchinson, . . . .352 

In 1822, Mr. Richard Clay having completed the 
*•' Yellow meeting-house" on the Plaisted hill, which 
he had built at his own expense, informed the min- 
ister, Mr. Hutchinson, that he " had given the house 
to the Lord and the key to father Plaisted." This 
was considered an intimation that the church might 
occupy it, which they did immediately, and continu- 
ed there till Nov. 1828, when the new chiudx ^-a^ 
dedicated, on which occasion, au e\oQji\«v\\. ^^^nr»x^v^ 



sermon was delivered by the celebrated John N. Maf- 
fitt. The cost of the edifice was about $3500. 

J 823 David Hutchinson and Otis Williams, . 372 

1824 Heman Nickerson and Jesse Stone, . 372 

1825 Stephen Lovell and Caleb D. Rogers, . 336 

1826 Wilder B. Mack and Moses Hill, . .391 

In 1827, Gardiner was established a separate sta- 
tion, which then contained 159 church members. 

1S27 Phineas Crandall, 

. 159 

1828 John Atwell, 

. 172 

1829 " . . . 

. 225 

1830 Stephen Waterhonse, . 

. 397 

1831 " " . , 

. 380 

1832 Justin Spanlding, 

. 240 

1833 R. E. Schermerhom, . 

. 245 

1834 Aaron Sanderson, 

. 226 

1835 « 

, . 228 

1 836 John B. Husted, . 

. 277 

1837 John W.Atkins, 

. 282 

1838 Moses Hill, 

. 262 

1839 " . . , 

. 520 

1840 Wm. F. Farrington, , 

. 390 

1841 « " 

. 470 

1842 JohnHobart, 

. 470 

1843 Geo. Webber, 

. 312 

1844 N. D. George, 

. 312 

1845 T. Greeuhajgh, 

. 256 

1846 Moses Hill, 

. 282 

1847 « « . , 

. 283 

1848 Eaton Shaw, 

. 265 

1849 «' « . , 

. 250 

1850 Joseph Colby, 

. 440 

1851 " " . , 

. 4-20 

The number of church members at the present 
time, (1852,) is 420, including about 75 probation- 
ers. The Sunday school was organized in 1827. 
It has 233 members, and a library of 500 volumes. 

JTA^ri a Uh Brim. 





In 1840 the Methodists in South Gardiner erected 
a meeting-house on the river road, containing 43 
pews, at a cost of ^$1200. In 1843, that portion of 
the church, with others on the Brunswick road, were 
set off as a distinct charge, and Rev. David Higgins 
appointed as their preacher. 1844, Rev. John Cum- 
ner was appointed to serve them one year, since 
which they have had only occasional supplies, 

[The account in the foregoing paragraph, and the 
sketch of the methodists in Gardiner, were written 
by Moses Springer, Esq.] 


The Pittston Village Church became a separate 
Station about the year 1842, and preaching was had. 
Rev. Freeman y Yates was appointed in 1846, P. 
Soule in 1847, I. Foster, 1848-9, P. Higgins, 1850, 
Zina Hyde Blair, 1851. The neat house which now 
adorns the village was erected in 1847, at a cost of 
$3000. It was mainly done by Messrs. Smith Cox 
and John Blanchard. The preacher of the dedica- 
tory sermon was Rev. Gershom F. Cox. A bell was 
placed in the steeple, by subscription, in 1851. There 
are about 30 members of the church, and there is a 
Sunday school of 50 scholars, possessing a library 
of 250 vols. [Statistics furnished by Alphonso 
H. Clark.] 


The great majority of the people of the Province of 
Maine were of the Congregational order, but that 
exclusive sectarianism which prevailed in Massachu- 
setts did not obtain here. So liberal were the people 
that this proverb prevailed at Plymouth : — " When 
a man can find no religion to his taste, let him go to 


Maine."* Every variety could here be found, and 
no one party was sufficiently powerful to be able 
to tyrannize. 

The people of ancient Pittston, who loved the re- 
ligion of the Puritans, were for a long time obliged 
to go abroad to hear their favorite doctrines, or, at 
the most, were able to receive only the occasional in- 
struction of a visiting preacher. The Rev. Isaac 
Foster, who went to Hallo well in 1786, had a few 
hearers from Pittston, and it is probable that the Hal- 
lowell church was partly sustained by Pittston mem- 
bers^t Previous to this, however, the more zealous 
of these destitute Christians were forced to greater 
troubles. Major Reuben Colburn was an ardent Con- 
gregationalist. It was for many years his custom,J 
through the summer months to place his family in a 
canoe on each returning Saturday, and paddle them 
down to Georgetown, 35 miles, and attending church 
Sunday, would return Monday. This is an amount 
of zeal rarely witnessed in these degenerate days. 

Attempts were made in the year 1788 to erect a 
meeting-house near Maj. Colburn's, for the benefit of 
the people on the eastern side of the river, who were 
mostly Congregationalists and Methodists. The 
frame was finished, and the people finding them- 
selves unable to proceed further, offered the building 
to the town in February, 1789. The town refused 
to accept it, but, at another meeting the vote was re- 
considered, the building was taken by the town, and 
partly finished. It was called the Town House, or 
the Meeting-house, and religious services were held 
there until it was superseded by the new house. 

In 1846 it was sold to Hiram Stevens, for $25,46. 
The reader will please read 1846, for 1844, on page 
179, line second. 

* Greepleaf, t Ibid. J Elijah Jackson. 


Efforts were made to secure the services of Rev. 
Mr. Moore, in 1792, to preach in the eastern part of 
the town, and teaph school.* He does not seem to 
have remained long. Rev. Charles Turner preached 
m the years 1795 and 6. The people of East Pitts- 
ton seem to have been very hostile to the Episcopal 
church, and refused to sustain its interests. Year 
after year they voted to devote their portion of the 
religious tax to the support of schoois.f But in 
1798 the town voted that the people should not ex- 
pend the money in schooling, though they might 
support any preaching they pleased.^ Efforts were 

made to employ Rev. Price as minister of 

the town for the year 1803, but the vote stood 16 
to 18.^ In 1805 it was voted to divide the money 
raised by religious tax, among the several denomina- 
tions, according to the contribution of each.]] The 
Congregational ist« considered Pittston as missionary 
ground, until about 1812. At length, however, the 


Was organized, Nov- 17, 1812. The Council pres- 
ent at the organization, at the house of Maj. Reuben 
Colburn, weie Rev. Messrs. Gillet, Bailey, Waid, 
Jenks and Tappan. There were eight members : — 
Isaac Noyes, Ephraim Hunt, (living,) Thomas Jack- 
son, Francis Flitner, Mrs. Jackson, Mrs. Jackins, 
Mary Oakman, Sally Oakman, (living.) Miss Oak- 
man married Mr. Kendricic Mr. Daniel Kendrick 
was then ordained to the work of the Gospel minis- 
try. The order of exercises was thus arranged : — 
Rev. David Thurston, Introductory Prayer; Rev. 
Eliphalet Gillet, Sermon ; Rev. Wm. Jenks, Ordain- 
ing Prayer ; Rev. Mr. Ward of Alna, Charge ; Rev. 

* Town Eecorda. f Ibid. J Ibid. j5 Ibid. 

I Ibid. 



B. Tappan, Right hand of Fellowship ; Rev. 

Bailey, Concluding Prayer. Mr. Kendrick remained 
until his connection was dissolved. Aug. 29, 1820. 
He lives in Minot. 

ProDQi that time preaching was enjoyed most of 
the time by the church, by preachers residing at a 
distance, until June in the year 1841, when Rev. 
James McCullom removed to the town, was ordain- 
ed, and continued to labor until Sept. 1845. He 
is now at Great Palls. 

The next pastor was Rev. J. H. Stratton. He 
came in the year 1846, and remained until May 28^ 
1849, when he removed to Irving, Mass., where he 

Rev. Sumner Clarke removed to Pittston, and 
became pastor of the church in Dec. 1849. In 1851, 
he removed to MassachusettSr 

Sept. 26, 1851, Rev. Joshua Gay assumed the 
pastorate. There are now about 46 members. There 
is a Sunday school of about 40 scholars, and a li- 
brary of 2()0 volumes, connected with the church. 
The meeting-house is situated about a mile below 
the ferry, and was built in 1836. It is a very neat 
temple. — Dea. E. Jackson^ and Ch. Rec. 


A small church consisting of some thirteen mem- 
bers, was formed in Pittston village, in the year 
1851. The pastor of the Pittston church is their 



Pastors. Natue place. Ordained. Dismissed. 

Rev. Seth Sweetser, Newburyport, Mass. Nov. 1836 Nov. 1838 

** Aaron Chester Adams, Bangor, Me. July, 1839 Jan*y, 1841 


Paniors, NcUwe Place. Ordained, JHnmssed, 

Rev. Josiah Wheelock Peet, , Vermont. Dec. 1841 Jaly, 1848 

" William Lyman Hyde, Bath, Me. May, 1849. 

There were no formal attempts made to estab- 
lish in Gardiner a religious society according to the 
faith and usages of the Cougregationalists. until the 
year 1833. A very trivial circumstance led to the 
undertaking the enterprise at this time. The vener- 
able Dr. Gillett, Secretary of the Maine Missionary 
Society, one Saturday afternoon in the spring of 
the year, rode down from Hallowell on horseback, 
expecting to cross over to Pittston, where he had an 
appointment for the Sabbath. The river was swol- 
len by recent rains, and the ice running fast, render- 
ed the crossing by ferry-boat impracticable, and he 
had turned his horse to go back again to Hallowell, 
when he was accosted by a brother in the faith, a 
member of the Congregational church in Litchfield, 
and invited to tarry with him for the night. The 
brother expressed a very strong desire for the estab- 
lishment of Congregational worship in this place, 
but he knew of only one other person in the place ex- 
cept himself who had a similar desire. As the result 
of their conference, Dr. Gillett left an appointment 
for the Sabbath next succeeding, with the assurance 
that if the prospect was good, the Missionary Soci- 
ety would send a man to labor here. The Sabbath 
was rainy, and a little handful of six persons gather- 
ed hi the room of the brother already mentioned. 
The venerable father expounded the scriptures in a 
familiar manner, to their edification, and in the even- 
ing, as the storm had cleared away, preached in a 
private house near the factory. Several times during 
the spring and summer he preached in the old school- 
house on Summer St. In the fall of the year, Mr. 
Daniel Hunt, a licentiate of Andover Theological 
Seminary, was sent by the M. M. S., and preached 
three months at the old Masonic Hall. These first 


efforts to establish, a religioirs society^ developed the 
fact that there were quite a namber of the same 
faith in the place, and led to measures for the organ- 
ization of a parish. 

According to a call signed by Nathaniel Wilson, 
Esq. and twenty-one others, a warrant was served, 
and on the 28th of Sept. 1833, the parish was duly 
organized. All of the members, however, were men 
of sn>a]) pecuniary means and only three of them 
members of any church. The main reliance there- 
fore for pecuniary aid was on the Maine Missionary 

In the spring of 1834, Mr. Seth Sweetser^ a licen- 
tiate of Andover, was commissioned by the Maine 
Missionary Society to preach here during the spring 
vacation at the Seminary. He spent five Sabbaths, 
preaching during this time in the school-house on 
Summer street. The congregation increased during 
this brief ministry till the ?chooV-house was so full 
that many had to stand during the services. At the 
expiration of his mission a strong desire was ex- 
pressed on the part of the society to have him re- 
turn and preach again after completing his studies at 

In August the parish gave Mr. Sweetser a formal 
invitation to labor among them, there being no church 
yet organized. Mr. Sweetser accepted, and in Nov- 
ember resumed his labors. The meetings on the Sab- 
bath were now held in the Masonic Hall and the 
seats were provided by joint labor. In March of 
the ensuing year they changed their place of wor- 
ship to the Town Hal). 

On the 28th of July, 1835, an ecclesiastical coun- 
cil was convened, and the following individuals, 
members of Congregational churches in other places, 
were organized into a church. 

Nathaniel Bryant and Mrs. Mary Bryant, from 
church in Vassalboro' ; Gorham Whitney, Mrs. Olive 


Whitney and Johu Baker, from church in liitchfiel'd ; 
Joseph G. Bartlett, from chnrch in Halloweli ; Mrs. 
Pamelia Crooker, from church in Bath ; Mrs. Ruth 
Patten, from church in Topsham ; Mrs. Priscilla 
White, from church in Woolwich ; Mrs. Elizabeth 
Gray from church in Thomaston. 

The public services at the Town Hall at two 
o'clock, P. M. were as follows : — 

Introductory Prayer, Rev. P. Hawes ; Sermon, 
Rev. B. Tappan ; organization of Church and Prayer, 
Rev. Thomas Adams ; Fellowship of the churches. 
Rev. J. T. Hawes ; Concluding Prayer, Rev. George 

During the winter of 1834, several meetings were 
held, to consult upon and mature a plan for a house 
of worship ; nothing however was done, till the win- 
ter of 1835. R. H. Gardiner, Esq. at this time gen* 
erously gave the society the lot of land on which 
their meeting-house now stands, and the ensuing 
spring the erection of a building was commenced. 
After much delay, owing to the poverty of the socie- 
ty, the building was completed and paid for, by the 
aid of some of the neighboring churches ; and was 
dedicated to the worship of Almighty God, Nov. 
23d, 1836. On the same day. Rev. Seth Sweotser 
was ordained pastor of the church and society ac- 
cording to their unanimous request. In this relation 
he continued with them two years, when having 
received a call to Worcester, Mass., he was dismissad 
to the great grief of the church and parish. 

For a few months the society was without a min- 
ister. The following spring, however, Mr. Aaron O, 
Adams, of Bangor, was invited to settle witli them, 
and on acceptance he was ordained, July lOth, 1839. 
On account of pecuniary embarrassments arid the 
difficulty of raising his satary, Mr. Adams felt it his 
duty to leave, after laboring with great acceptance 



and success here, nearly two years. He asked and 
received his dismission in January, 1841. 

The society were now supphed for some months 
by Rev. Hermon Stinson. During the ensuing fall, 
Mr. Josiah W. Peet, a licentiate of Andover Seminary, 
preached as a candidate ; and receiving a call from 
the church and parish, he was ordained pastor, Dec. 
16th, 1841. During the period of Mr. Feet's minis* 
try, the house of worship was carpeted and in many 
respects improved, and made comfortable ; by the lib- 
erality of a member of the parish, an organ was plac- 
ed in the gallery. The church is valued at $3,000, 
and will seat about 300 persons. A vestry building 
was erected on a contiguous lot, for the convenience 
of social meetings. These results were accomplish- 
ed by the energy of the pastor. The society, how- 
ever, was crippled constantly during this period by 
deaths and removals. A very large amount of energy 
and pecuniary ability was, by these causes, with- 
drawn. In July, 1848, Mr. Peet asked and received 
his dismission. In October of this year, Mr. W. L. 
Hyde, a licentiate of Bangor Seminary, came here 
to labor. In May, 1849, he was ordained pastor, 
which oflSce he now holds. 

There have been no very powerful religious awak- 
enings in connection with the labors of either of the 
pastors ; still the labors of all have been blessed by 
gentle influences from on High. 

The following table will exhibit the outward con- 
dition of the church during the ministry of the 
various pastors. There were at the organization of 
the church, tf n members. There were added during 

By Prof. Letter. Deaths, dism. 

Rev. Mr. Sweetser's Ministry, 
" " Adams' " 

" '' Peet's " 

" '' Hyde's " 

Total, 64 59 21 36 


















There are now 73 members on the church record, 
thirteen of these however are non-residents. The 
Sabbath school numbers about one hundred, with a 
library of 250 volumes. 


The first Freewill Baptist church in Gardiner was 
organized July 15, 1820. It consisted of seventeen 
members, and was under the pastoral care of Elder 
Joseph Robinson, of Richmond. He remained about 
fourteen years, laboring with great acceptance. In 
1835 there were forty-five members, and the pastor 
at that time was Eider E. Gunham, who remained 
about two years. At the end of that time there 
were fifty-two members. The next pastor was 
Hubbard Chandler, under whose care the church in- 
creased to sixty-one. He was succeeded by Eider 
Robert Stinson, who remained three years, and the 
church had seventy-two members. The meetings of 
this church, and their religious services were held in 
the school-houses in districts No. 7 and 13. 

In 1841 they built a neat church, at an expense of 
$1060,00, which was dedicated to God, November 
3d, by Elders Hermon and Robert Stinson. It is 
the first meeting-house below the village, and seats 
two hundred persons. Mr. Stinson continued until 
1842, when Elder Nathaniel Purrington of Lisbon 
became for two years the pastor. Elder Samuel 
Bush had the care of the church for three years 
after this, and additions were made, so that it num- 
bered 86 in 1849. Since then, by deaths and remov- 
als the church has been considerably diminished. 
Elder C. Purrington, Elder Thomas Tyler and some 
otjjers have labored with the church. 

A Sabbath School was commenced in June, 1829, 
by R. H. Gardiner, Esq., and his family^ and 
for eight or nine years under xYieVx ^\t^^<v5W. 


Richards took charge of it for one or two years, and 
different persons have managed it from time to time. 
Its largest number was from 70 to 80, but at present 
it is quite small. It has usually kept about three 
months each year. — Abridged from an account torit" 
ten by Dea. Samuel Newcomb. 


" The Second Freewill Baptist Church in Gardineri 
now the first in West Gardiner, was organized Oct. 
26, 1826, by Elders Samuel Hathom, and Josiah 
Farwell. It had 15 members. Preaching was had 
the first year, from Elder S. Hathorn, and 14 mem- 
bers were added. He continued to labor until 1835, 
assisted somewhat in 1834, by Elder Hubbard 
Chandler, and 46 members were added to the church. 
Elder Mark Getchell and Elder Barnard Goodrich 
labored in the years 1836, 7 and 8, and 21 members 
joined the church. Elder Samuel Bush became 
pastor in 1840. Up to this time the services of the 
Sabbath were celebrated in school-houses. In the 
summer of 1840, the meeting-house was built at a 
cost of $1100, and was dedicated in November. 
Sermon by Elder Josiah Keene, and other services by 
Elders Nathaniel Parrington, Mark Getchell and 
Isaac Frost. This house stands in the western ex- 
tremity of the town, on the Litchfield road, where 
the road from Horseshoe pond to French's corner 
crosses, and will seat 250 persons. The preachers 
in 1841, were Elders Getchell and Frost, and during 
this year a great revival was enjoyed. A protracted 
meeting was held for three weeks, and from Febru- 
ary to May 100 members were added by baptism, 
and 5 by letter. January 19, 1842, fifteen were 
dismissed to form the Centre Church, or whatsis 
now the second in West Gardiner. The preachers 
since 1841, have been Messts. IMets M. Getchell, 


and I. Frost, 1842; M. Getchell and N. Purrington, 
1843; N. Purrington, Andrew Rollins and Hiram 
Albee, 1844 ; A. Rollins and M. Getchell, 1845, 6 
and 7 ; Gideon Perkins and M. Getchell, 1848 ; 
Thomas Tyler, 1849; Mark Getchell and Alexander 
H. Morrell, 1850; and M. Getchdl, 1851. In 1843, 
there were 6 and in 1844 there were 5 added. Since 
1844 no members have been added, but daring that 
time some have died, some have been dismissed, and 
some have been excluded. The present number is 
115. The Sabbath school was organized in 1840, 
contains about fifty scholars, and has a library ol 
about 200 volumes. — Statistics furnished by Mr, 
Daniel Fuller. 


This body, the Gardiner City Church, was cwrgan- 
ized in October, 1826, by A. Bridges and J. Robin- 
son, and was supplied with occasional preaching by 
Elder S. Robbins. It finally lost its name to live. 
It was re-organized January 30, 1836, by a council 
from the Windsor quarterly meeting, consisting of 
Elders Josiah Keen, Cynis Stilson, Henry Header, 
Aaron Brown and Dea. Lawton. At this time there 
were ten members, and three others were immedi- 
ately baptized and admitted. Elder S. W. Perkins 
was pastor, and he remained about two years. The 
congregation increased and the affairs of the church 
prospered during his stay. Meetings were held in 
the Clay meeting-house. The next preacher was 
Elder Dexter Waterman, who remained but a short 
time, and was followed by Mr. Perkins again, who 
left in one year, and the church enjoyed only occas- 
ional preaching, until 1841, when Elder Hermon 
Stinson became its pastor. He remained about three 
years, and was followed by Elder J. Stevens^ who 
continued until the winlet oi Vft^&. \y5a\SN% "^c^ 


summer of that year, the meeting-house at the comer 
of Summer and Winter streets was built, at an ex- 
pense of $3100. It is sixty feet by forty, containing 
sixty pews, and has a brick basement It can con- 
tain 400 persons, and is valued at $3000. It was 
dedicated to Divine service, December 31, 1846, by 
Elder J. K. Staples, who was pastor for two years. 
Elder C. Phinney was with them about three months. 
Elder D. Lancaster preached a short time, and was 
succeeded by Elder P. Folsom. There are now 80 
members. The Sabbath school was commenced iii 
1837, and the Sabbath School Society in 1837. 
The average number of scholars is 75, and 600 
library books have been bought within five years, 
besides others previously procured. — Dea. H. Lee- 
man and Charles Bridge. 


This Church, located in the southern part of the 
city, was organized with twenty-nine members, in 
the year 1838, under the labors of Elder Robert 
Stinson. He labored with this people in 1838-9, 
and was succeeded by Elder Harmor Getchell, in 
Deb. J 840, who remained until Dec. 1842. From 
this time the church remained without a pastor until 
1850, when Elder Sam'l Hathorn commenced preach- 
ing with the people, and a revival took place. The 
books were reviewed and it was ascertained that 
four had died, eight had been dismissed, and four- 
teen added. The present number is thirty-one, and 
Elder James Colby is pastor. The church holds its 
meetings in the school-house in District No. 9. — 
There is a Sabbath school connected with the church, 
containing about fifty teachers and scholars, and is in 
a very flourishing condition. It has a library worth 
from ten to fifteen dollars. It was organized in 1851. 
— Furnished by William H. Huntington^ Clerk. 



There was a small church formed about the year 
1838, on the Bruuswick road. It worships at the 
Union house on that road, owning it. with the Meth- 
odists and Baptists. There are about 32 members. 


This was formerly called the Centre Church, and 
is in West Gardiner. The brick meeting-house was 
erected in the year 1841, at a cost of $1300, and 
was dedicated to God, December 22d, of the same 
year. Elder John Stevens preached the dedicatory 
sermon, from Psalms cxxii. 1. He was aided in the 
services by Elders Thomas S. Tyler, Samuel Bush, 
Barnard Goodrich, Mark Getchell and Nathaniel Pur- 
rinton. The church wa§^ organized January 24, 
1842, by Elders J. Stevens and Samuel Bush. The 
original members were sixteen. Additions have 
been made as follows : — in 1843, 3 ; in 1844, 17 ; 
in 1847, 5 ; making in all 41, of whom 3 have died, 
9 have been excluded, and 6 have been dismissed to 
other churches. There are now 23. 

The preachers have been Elders T. S^ Tyfer, 
Samuel Bush, Hiram Sleeper, Cleveland B. Glidden, 
d&c. There is a Sunday school having about 20 
scholars. — Facts furnished by Mr. John Blau" 


In the year 1782, it is not knowti that there was 
more than one person who was a Calvinistic Baptist, 
on the Kennebec* In 1785, there were but three 
churches on the Kennebec and east of it, and these 
formed the Bowdoinham Association. 

n-M mris^^Km* 

• OreenlMf 'ft EccL Sketches. 


The First Baptist Church in Gardiner, now known 
as the Baptist Church in West Gardiner, was den- 
ized by a Council convened Dec. 14, 1815, in the 
school-house at Brown's corner, West Gardiner. 
Eiders John Robinson and Henry Kendall, and seF- 
eral brethren from the church in Litchfield constitute 
ted the council, convened '< at the request of certain 
brethren formerly members of the 1st Baptist church 
in Litchfield." They were organized as the First 
Baptist church in Gardiner, and were as follows : — 
Elder Levi Young, Wm. Nash, Sewall Brown, 
Ezekiel Robinson, James Lord, Joseph Robinson, 
Abigail Nash, Anna Brown, Mary Doe, Sarah Ijord, 
Eunice Robinson, Mary McCausland and Elizabeth 
Rice. Sixteen more were added within a' year. 
Since <then additions have been made as follows : — 
In 1824 and 5, twentyruine ; fourteen in 1833; 
thirty-nine in 1838 ; nine in 1841 ; thirty-four in 
1843. The whole number of communicants since 
the organization of the church is 205, of whom 53 
have joined by letter and 152 by baptism. During 
the existence of the church 36 have been excluded, 
10 dropped, 8 restored, 56 dismissed and 24 died. 
Present number 83. Elder I^evi Young supplied the 
desk from December 1815, until October 1819. 
The pastors have been Rev. Abraham Bedel from 
1832 until September 1837. Elder Eliab Cox 
from December 1837 to January 1839. Rev. A. M. 
Piper from May 1839 to May 1841. Elder Rufus 
Chase from June 1841 to April 1844. Rev. W. O. 
Grant, from September 1844 to 1849. The pastor 
since 1849 has been Rev. H. Pierce. The follow- 
ing persons have been licensed by this church to 
preach : — Rev. Thomas B. Robinson, February 20, 
1826 ; James C. Morgan, January 15, 1833, (exclud- 
ed from the church, May 3, 1834.) For a consider- 
able time religious meetings were held in the school- 
house at Brown's corner, and afterwards in a school- 


house near where the church now stands. In 
February, 1835, a society was organized for the 
purpose of building a meeting-house. It was finish- 
ed in July, 1836, and dedicated the same month. 
The house is a small, neat building, containing a 
singing gallery and vestry, and will confortably seat 
200 persons. It cost $900 and is located about one- 
third of a mile west of the Hallowell line, on the 
road leading from Brown's Corner to Hallowell. 
The Sunday School is in a prosperous condition. — 
Statistics furnished by the Rev. H, Pierce. 


The Gardiner Village Baptist Church was organ- 
ized, Nov. 10, 1843. The original members were 
Rev. J. W. Lawton, B. H. Field, L. Parsons, E. 
Shepard, Lucy V. Lawton, Nancy Field, Joan 
McCurdy, Mary A. Jewett, Pamelia Duganne, Mary 
White and Margaret Plaisted. There are now about 
fifty members, and there is a Sunday School which 
has been in operation since the organization of the 
church, containing about 30 scholars, with a library 
of about 200 vols. The church possesses a fine lot 
of land for a meeting-house, and preparations have 
been made to erect one. The lot is just below Mr. 
Daniel Nutting's, on Brunswick street. 

The first preacher was Rev. J. W. Lawton, who 
came in 1843. He was succeeded, January 3, 1846, 
by Rev. Martyn Byrne. Aug. 9, of the same year 
came Rev. J. B. Foster, sent by the missionary 
society. Rev. Edwin Dibbel came in January, 
1849, and was ordained April 30, 1851. In October 
of the same year, he removed to Bath, and was 
succeeded in November, 1861, b^ Rev. M. J. Kelley, 
the present pastor. [Dates furnished by Mr, Na- 
thaniel Clark J Church Clerk,] 




[Written by H, B. Hoskins, Esq.] 

The writings of Emanuel Swedenborg, were first 
introduced into this State, about the year 1812, by 
the late Mr. John Savels of this town, who became 
acquainted with them through the Rev. William 
Hills, an English minister of the established Church. 
Through the influence of Mr. Savels the knowledge 
of these writings became disseminated in this neigh- 
borhood. In the year 1832, those persons residing 
in town who had adopted the doctrines taught by 
this " Servant of the Lord Jesus Christ," formed 
themselves into a Society for the purpose of main- 
taining public worship. A church was formed Aug. 
25, 1835, under the designation of the New Jerusa- 
lem Church, consisting of sixteen members. 

These doctrines were first publicly preached here 
by the Rev. Samuel Worcester, in October, 1831, 
and afterwards, occasionally, by him, the Rev. Henry 
A. Worcester, and others, until Sept. 1839, when the 
Rev. Adonis Howard commenced preaching for the 
society, and was ordained their pastor, Oct. 17, 1841, 
and continued that relation until May 31, 1846, 
when he was compelled by ill-health to relinquish 
his ministerial duties. Since then, the society has 
had no settled pastor, but has continued its meetings 
for public worship, under the direction of one of its 
appointed members. Forty-two persons have been 
admitted since its organization, and one hundred and 
twelve adults and children have been baptized. 
There is a Sunday school connected with- this 

Note. — The triangular lot on Brunswick street, 
near the Common, has been secured for a building 
spot, and it is hoped that a church may speedily be 
erected on the eligible site. — Compiler. 



The first public proclamation of the gospel of 
Universal Grace, within the limits of Gardiner, was 
in the-old school house that used to stand on the 
Common. It was somewhere about the year 1820, 
and was by Barzillai Streeter, and Elias Smith, — 
the father of the sect called Christians, or the Chris- 
tian Band. At about the same time, the venerable 
Hosea Ballou came and preached one Sabbath eve- 
ning in the old town house. He was persuaded to 
tarry here on the occasion alluded to by Mr. Parker 
Sheldon, aided by Maj. Seth Gay, Col. John Stone, 
Javan Knapp and Haynes Learned. Revs. Sylvanus 
Cobb, W. A. Drew, Russel Streeter and others, 
occasionally visited the place. The first parish 
organization was in 1835, the records of which 
were unfortunately destroyed. It is remembered 
that Mr. Parker Sheldon, who was for many years 
almost alone as a Universalist, Maj. Gay, one of the 
original members of the Episcopal Church, E. 
McLellan, J. Y. Gray, James Steward, J. G. Donnel, 
Silas Andrews and others were the supporters of 
the cause. 

The society was weak and small, and had much 
opposition to resist, and experienced a varied career. 
Aug. 29, 1840 it was permanently reorganized, and 
had the following members ; J. Steward, J. Y. Gray, 
Allyn Holmes, John Roberts, J. G. Donnel, Joel H. 
Snow, Henry Bowman, E. F. Deane, P. Sheldon, 
Silas Andrews, Welcome Pincin, Andrew Jeck, 
James A. Clay, Alvin Stanford, Nathaniel Snow, Jr., 
Abel Thompson, G. M. Atwood and Moses H. Lord. 
The number had increased to 65, in 1846. The 
committee which drew up the constitution now gov- 
erning the society, was E. F. Deane, J. P. Weston, 
R. K. Littlefield, P. Sheldon, James H. Jones and 
William Cooper. 


Rev. Messrs. N. C. Fletcher, D. J. Mandell, Oliver 
Q^uinby, Henry Jewell, and others, labored with 
the society from time to time, but the first settled 
resident pastor was Rev. James Partelow Weston, 
A. M., a graduate from Bowdoin College, in the class 
of 1840. He was principal of the Waterville Liberal 
Institute, and came here from that position, April 16, 
1843. His ministry was very successful, and at the 
end of seven years, in the year 1850, he resumed 
his former position, and now resides in Waterville. 
He was succeeded in November, 1850, by Rev. 
John Wesley Hanson, the present pastor, a native of 
Boston. He was installed February 28, 1861. 
The installation services were as follows : Sermon, 
Rev. E. H. Chapin ; Address to the Society, Rev. 
Calvin Gardner ; Charge and Delivery of Scriptures, 
Rev. W. A. Drew ; Right hand of Fellowship, Rev. 
W. R. French ; Prayer, Rev. B. F. Robbins. 

The church was organized in August, 1844, with 
the following members : James P. Weston, James 
M. Merrill, Harriet Merrill, Lucy Ann Whittier, 
John Woodcock, Thomas Searls, Joseph Few, 
Joshua Nickerson, Joanna Dennis, Joanna G. Dennis, 
Elizabeth D. Dennis, John Jewett, Harriet Jewett, 
Betsey H. Franklin, Welcome Pincin, Zilphia Stu- 
art, Elbridge Gj Pierce, Louisa Snow, Frederic 
Blood, Nancy Blood. 

The Universalist church was erected in the year 
1842, at an expense of $6500, and was publicly dedi- 
cated Feb. 1, 1843. Introductory Prayer and Remarks, 
Rev. W. A. Drew ; Scripture Lesson and Dedica- 
tory Prayer, Rev. N. Gunnison ; Sermon, Rev. L. 
L. Saddler, from Prov. ix. 1, 2 ; Concluding Prayer, 
Rev. H. Jewell. The church is a very neat speci- 
men of Protestant architecture, and occupies a fine 
situation. It has an excellent organ, a bell and two 
clocks. Connected with the parish is a Sunday 


iraVEIlSM.lS1 tffiJRtR 


school, numbering one hundred and eighty mem- 
bers, owning a library of seven hundred and fifty 
volumes. The parish numbers about one hundred 
and twenty-five families, residing in Gardiner and 





The character of some of the weather and seasons 
may be learned from the following minutes, com- 
piled from Dr. Parker's almanacs, Riifus Gay's dia- 
ry, files of newspapers, &c. 

April 15, 1803, snow-storm three days; May 8, 
1803, snow storm. Oct. 22, 1804, a splendid aurora 
borealis. Dec. 24, 1805, first snow-storm ; Dec. 
29, 1805, violent wind and rain. Jan. 1806, snow 
nine days, and from the 25th warm and soft eight 
days ; February, 1806, snowed thirteen days, end- 
ing in mist and rain ; April 1 , 1806, robins and blue- 
birds, and sparrows came ; 2d day, snow and cold ; 
20th, snow ; October, 1806, the entire month warn?, 
clear, beautiful ; Nov. 16, 1806, first snow-storm. 
March, 1807, only two mild forenoons ; April 8, 
1807, a ground-sparrow, the first spring bird ; 16th, 
robins ; April 2, 1807, 20 inches snow ; 8th, geese 
seen; 12th, a vessel passed ; August 1, 1807, fin- 
ished haying. March 25, 1808, bluebirds, sparrows, 
ducks and geese appeared; April 11, 1808, snow- 
storm; October 27, 1808, snow-storm. April 11, 
1809, a load of hay passed the river on the ice, and 
men and horses passed on the 16th. The winter of 


1809-10 was very mild. At no time up to the first 
of March more than 6 inches snow, and not more 
than a foot in all. No snow from January 25th to 
March 4th. May 5, 1811, a violent snow storm, — 
old snow not all dissolved, — not a warm day as yet, 
not a bud. Oct. 25, a snow-storm. Prom Dec. 
24th to the 31st, a violent snow-storm — the great- 
est for many years. Prices this year — flour, $11; 
corn, $1,25; boots, $8, &c. 

In 1813, the months of July and August were 
almost without rain, so that crops were small, and 
much distress prevailed. May 8 and 19, 1815, 
severe snow-storms. Prices this year, corn, $1,75 ; 
flour, $18; rye, $2,50. January 17, 1816, a power- 
ful rain carried away the snow, which was very 
deep. June 8, 1816, a cold snow-storm, and many 
birds chilled to death. July 8, quite a frost. Aug. 
22, a severe frost. This year has always been re- 
membered as the cold season. April 12, there was 
a heavy snow which made good sleighing for sev- 
eral days ; May 24, there was a rain which froze 
on all the fruit trees ; June 5 and 6, cold weather, 
rain and hail, ground froze, corn and potatoes killed, 
and apple trees did not bloom until July 1. Corn 
was hoed the first time, in the first week in July, 
and after that it was cut down the second time. 
Haying commenced in August, and a frost came the 
last of the month.' Almost nothing was raised, and 
much sufiering prevailed. 

February 11, 1818, the thermometer was 32 de- 
grees below zero. March 28, the only snow-storm 
during the month. In 1818, the weather from May 
20 mitil Nov. 19, was pleasant and agreeable, with 
scarcely a very hot or stormy day. In 1819, not 
more than three inches of snow up to Feb. 20. In. 
the spring there was a great rain and freshet. Oct. 
19, 1821, a severe snow-storm. Jan. 1, 1825, the 
stage used runners for the first time during the win- 


ter. May 2 and 5, snow-storms. July was the 
warmest for 30 years. The papers state, (the read- 
er can place a query after the item,) that apples 
were found in E. Byram's orchard, with the side 
Dearest the sun roststed. In August two bears were 
killed near the village of Pittston. Pease and straw- 
berries were plenty, June 9. Jan. 16, 1826, the first 

March 26, 1826, the greatest freshet for thirty-five 
years. There was eight feet of water on the 
wharves ; vessels, lumber, buildings, were swept 
away ; the water was thirteen feet above high 
water mark ; there was a damage of $5,000 to 
this village. R. H. Gardiner, Esq. and J. P. Hunter 
& Co., were the principal losers. An elm tree 6 feet 
in diameter, was uprooted in James Tarbox's ship« 

Aug. 2, a great hail-storm, the drifts of which 
were ten inches deep. Aug. 28, 1827, a remarkable 
appearance in the heavens. Between nine and ten 
in the evening a broad luminous body arose in the 
north-west, and another in the south-east. A mag- 
nificent effulgent arch was thus formed, which re- 
mained fifteen minutes. 

The winter of 1827-8 was very open. Aug. ] 1, 
1828, an earthquake was felt in Gardiner, at 3 P. M. 
In Jan. 1829, the thermometer stood on the 3d, at 11 
degrees below zero ; 4th, 12 ; 5th, 7 ; 6th, 4 ; 30th, 
18; 31st, 20; and it was intensely cold throughout 
the winter. Jan. 8, 1830, the horse ferry-boat ceas- 
ed running for the year. Dec. 11, splendid aurora 
borealis. Jan. 1, 1831, two vessels went to Bath; 
no ice in the river. In April 1832, the thermometer 
was below zero 10 days, — some days 16 degrees. ? 

* P. Sheldon. 


One of the severest freshets ever known occurred 
this spring. 

May 1, 1832, a cold rain and snow. In January, 
1833, the thermometer was 53 degrees below zero, 
in all, and in February, 70, and March, 51, and 
much snow. Feb. 1833, was the most snowy 
month known for many years. Feb. 1 5, 23 men 
and five horses were six hours in going from Hallo- 
well village to the cross-roads.* 

March 18, 1834, a ground-sparrow singing this 
morning. Oct. 13, 1834, first snow. Jan. 25, 1837, 
the most remarkable display of the northern lights on 
record. A great freshet occurred Jan. 28, 1839, 
carrying off the ice, several stores, and filling the 
cellars on the river side, and doing other damage. 

A very severe freshet in the spring of 1843, and 
another Nov. 5, 1845, which filled the cellars on 
Water street. March 27 and 28, 1846, there was an- 
other high freshet. The water was fifteen feet above 
high-water mark. It occasioned great loss on the 

A great freshet in May, 1850. Rain ten days. 
Much property destroyed, — booms, ice-houses, rafts, 
&c. — Ice-house on Kimball's wharf, with $500 
worth of ice ; Steamer Huntress got across her wharf, 
so that one third of her was over the wharf, and yet 
she was uninjured, — proving that she was staunch 
and strong. 

Winter of 1850-1 severely cold. Summer back- 
ward and cold, and but- few warm nights. 1852, 
winter very cold ; snow very deep ; thermometer 30^ 
below zero once, and below zero several degrees, 
many times. Feb. 19, 1852, a splendid aurora. 
Robins and bluebirds, March 16. 

• G. S. Rogers' diary. 


The progress of vegetation is here given for sev- 
eral years : — 

1817. 1820. 1821. 1822. 1823. 1824. 1825. 
Groand Lilac appeared, Ap. 16, Ap. 14. Mar. 26, Ap. 20, Mar. 28, Ap. 3. 
Anemone, *< A p. 24, " 26, " 20, ** J5. 

Euthromium Am. Maj4, •* 27, " 16, May 3, '* 18. 




Days thai Ther. 


River froze 


fell below 0. 


at Gardiner* 




138 days. 





. 6$iD. 

















• 4 














































Average, 19 6 11 122 69 

Mean heat for May, June, July and August, 1837, 55.0 
above; 1838,64.8; 1839,62.6; 1840, 68.8, Mean heat 
for August, 1836, 61.7 ; 1837, 63.4 ; 1838, 68.8 ; 1839, 
67.9; 1840, 71.4. In the winter of 1839-40, only 16 
days sleighing. In 1837 sleighing commenced Nov. 26 ; 
1838, Nov. 20 ; 1839, Dec. 28 ; 1840, Nov. 22. 

Coldest day in 1837, Jan. 26 ; thermometer, 27<> below. 
In 1838, Dec. 31, 23jo below. 1839, Jan. 1, 2H^ below. 
1840, Jan. 17, 23^ below. 

Mean heat for Dec. 1837, 21.9 ; 1838, 16.3 ; 1839, 
27.9; 1840,20.8. 



Record of the time of the opening and closing of 
the river between Pittston and Gardiner. 





April 24 


March 21 

November 18 


April 7 


April 4 

January 5, 1790 


April 18 

November 26 


April 3 

December 10 


April 3 

November 23 


April 1 


April 6 


November 28 


April 4 

November 22 


April 12 

November 23 


April 13 

November 24 


April 10 

November 28 


March 25 

December 10 


April 9 

December 16 


March 22 

December 22 


April 12 

November 19 


April 2 

January, 1606 


March 15 


April 7 

December 18 


Jan 25* & Ma. 29 December Gf 


April 17 

November 13 


April 10 

December 10 


April 4 

December 14 


April 18$ 

December 11 


April 11 

December 21 


April 18 

December 2 


April 20 

November 28 


April 17 

November 24<^ 


April 12 

December 1 & 10 

* From Bowman's Point to Swan Island. f Broko up 20tli. 

X Country ponds broke up. § Broke up Dec. 3, & cltmud 7. 






April 14 
April 15 
April 11 
March 28 
April 11 
March 28 
April 5 
March 26 
March 28 
March 25 
April 12 
April 1 
March 30 
April 14 
April 5 
April 4 

April 9 
April 14 
April 3 
January 28 
March 31 
April 5 
March 20 
April 19 
April 9 
March 31 
March 28 
April 18 
April 1 
March 30 
April 1 
April 7 

December 5 
November 16 
November 30 
December 6 
November 16 
December 8 
December 11 
December 20 
Nor. 10, 24 & Dec. 7 
December 19 
Nov. 27, & Dec. 3, & 17 
Dec. 13, 17, Jan. 1831 
December 2 
December 2 
December 14 
December 8 
November 23 
November 27 
November 27 
November 24 
December 18 
November 28 
December 1 
November 28 
November 30 
November j27 
December 7 
December 2 

December 21 
December 20 
J )ecember 7 
December 2 


The foregoing list was made from three sources : a 
series of almanacs owned by the widow of Dr. Parker, 
the records in which were kept by him ; a journal kept by 
Rufus Gay, Esq. ; and a table furnished by Mr. Daniel 


Several occurrences not previously recorded, are 
here given. 

July 4, 1823, a Mr. Elwell was killed by the 
bursting of a cannon. July 4, 1825, Seth Fish, 
Charles Peck, and several others were dangerously 
wounded by the accidental explosion of a. cannon. 
Fish died. In 1825 great efforts were made to erect 
a bridge between Gardiner and Pittston, — they fail- 
ed. A fulling-mill, and grist-mill, valued at $2000, 
owned by Samuel Jewett were destroyed in Pittston 
by a freshet. At the same time, April 27, Mr. Wm. 
Stevens was drowned. May 4, Joseph Gilpatrick, 
member of Junior class, Bowdoin College, died. Mr. 
R. H. Gardiner's house burned, in Pittston, Nov. 11, 

1840, a severe fire in September ; a brick building 
owned by Capt. N. Kimball and E. F. Deane, Esq. 
and occupied by Richardson & Go's W. I. Goods 
store. Deane & Whitmore lost valuable law books 
and papers. Entire loss, 7 to 8000 dollars. 

Friday, Aug. 16, 1844. a great fire consumed 10 
mills, several dwellinghouses, &c. Loss $50,000, 
including 1,000,000 of lumber. Benjamin Elwell, 
Jr., ^t. 14, carried around a drum at New Mills and 

killed, January 20, 1845. Lord, aged 80—90, 

burned to death, 15 February, 1847. Attempt at 
highway robbery, on Brunswick road, December 9, 

1847, on the person 9f John Rollins, Clerk for G. 
M. Atwood. Vessels built in Gardiner and Pittston 
in 1847 : 3 ships ; 1 bark ; 5 brigs ; 4 schooners. 
Lumber manufactured in Gardiner in 1847, 20,000 
m. long L, 16,300 m. shingles, 1900 m. clapboards, 
4,000 m. laths and 50 m. plank. Violent dysentery, 
very mortal to children, prevailed in the summer of 

1848. July 5, 1849, a destructive fire at New Mills. 
April 6, 1850, a fire broke out in Messrs Mitchell 

and Lawton's shop, near the Cabbassa bridge. 
It burnt entirely or partially, several buildings, and 




produced losses as follows : R. H. Gardiner, $200, 
ins. ; John L. Foy, $560, ins. ; John Upham, $125^ 
no ins. ; Woodward Thompson, $50, no ins. ; H. 
W. Lawton, $1225, no ins. ; John C. Merrow, 1^150, 
no ins. ; John Roberts, $100, no ins. ; J. L. Mitchell 
$1785, ins. 500; G. S. Palmer, $837, no ins. 
Total about, $5000. The work of an incendiary. 



^1 If 5 I I g I g 

Portland, 1786 7169 8581 12,601 15,637 15,218 20,819 

Bangor, 1791 850 1221 

Thom'st'n,1777 2100 2651 

Augusta, 1797 1805 2457 

Bath, 1781 2491 3026 

Gardiner, 1803 1029 2053 

Hallo well, 1771 2068 2919 

Brunswick,1738 2682 2954 

Belfast, 1773 1274 2026 



8634 14,432 



6227 •9195 



5314 8154 



5143 t8580 



5044 16486 



4668 §4800 



4259 4976 



4194 5052 

Total, 21,468 27,888 41,740 66,381 69,001 82,494 


In the foregoing list, Gardiner does not occupy its 
proper position. Pittston is identical with Gardiner, 
practically, and if we reckon it as Augusta reckons, 
namely, both sides of the river, we find a population 
of 9,309, making the largest place on the Kennebec. 
This is seen in the following table. 

* The original territory, now Thomaston, South do., and Kock- 
land. t Including West Bath. | Including West Gardiner. 
§ About, on original terri^or}',. 


1796 1800 1810 1820 1837 1840 1850 
PUtston & > g^5 j4^Q» 
Vjrardiner, ) 

Pittston, 1018 1337 2121 2460 2823 

Gardiner, 1029 2053 4470 f5044 5226 

W. Gardiner, 1260 

605 1408 2047 3390 6591 7504 9309 

The polls and valuation are 
Gardiner, val, $1,385,298 polls, 857 

West Gardiner, 223,610 254 

Pittston, 593,319 546 

$2,202,227 1657 

Names of some of the persons who have died in 
Gardiner and Pittston, aged 60 years and upwards, 
not recorded in previous pages. Obtained from 
family Bibles, gravestones, Eastern Chronicle, Chris- 
tian Intelligencer, American Standard, Gardiner 
Spectator, Ledger, Fountain, Sling, Transcript and 

Elizabeth Blood, 77, Aug., 1848 ; Russel Braley, 
60, March 22, 1845 ; John Blake, 90, January 20, 
1848; Joseph Blodgett, 91, (P.) July, 1848; Nath- 
aniel Bryant, 74, Oct. 10, 1850; Lydia Blanchard, 
78, Sept. 14, 1850; Joseph Bowman, 66, July 10, 
1830; Betsey Blake, 71, May 30, 1848; Joanna 
Bradstreet, 73,. July 13, 1817; Prances Bowman, 
65, (?) March 11, 1824; Nathaniel Bryant, 74, Oct. 
10, 1850; Leonard Blanchard, (P.) May 1,1851; 
Hannah Ballard, 66, Oct.* 1842. 

Betsey Cowen, 72, Nov. 27, 1848; Joseph Col- 

* About 500 in Gardiner. 

t Census taken in 1845 by A. S. Chadwick, by order of the 
Town, 6627. 


lins, 89, Dec. 6, 1848 ; John Colbum, 67, (P.) April 
]5, 1850; Margaret Chapman, 76, August, 1844; 
Sally L. Cooper, 69, (P.) May 4, 1848; Elizabeth 
Clark, 74, (P.) Feb. 26, 1825 ; Isaac Clark, 76, (P.) 
July, 1825; Abigail Colcord, 88, August 1825; 
Rachel Colcord, 71, August, 1825; Samuel Clark, 
(P.) 72, May 27, 1851 ; James N. Cooper, (P.) 63, 
July 17, 1849 ; Geishom Cox, (P.) 83, April 12, 1849 ; 
Thomas Coss, 76, ( P.) March, 1843 ; Wm. Craw- 
ford, 83, Oct. 1841 ; Hannah Chase, 80, Sept. 28, 
1851 ; Henry Crawford, 86, Dec. 28, 1851 ; Nancy 
Clark, 76, Dec. 12, 1851. 

Sarah Day, 81, Aug. 13, 1847; Dolly Damon, 78, 
Dec. 15, 1850; Amelia F. Dugann, 79, Feb. 1849; 
John Dockendorf, (P.) 79, April 30, 1841 ; Nancy 
Dockendorf, (P.) 53, June 17, 1829. 

Sarah Eastman, 85, Dec. 1850 ; Mary Eldred, 64, 
(P.) Oct. 6, 1837 ; Micah Eldred, 70, (P.) Aug. 17, 

Lucy Fuller, 83, May 4, 1846; S. Ferguson, 80, 
January 27, 1850; Francis Flitner, 76, (P.) April 3, 
1850; Lucy Francis, 80, Dec. 29, 1831. 

Seth Getchell, 91, (P.) Aug. 1844; Abigail Grif- 
fin, (P.) July 25, 1846; Moses Goodwin, 76, (P.) 
Dec. 27, 1840. 

John Hutchinson, 61, (P.) Jan. 5, 1846; Mary 
Hunt, 101 years 7 months, (P) March, 1847; Jane 
Hill, 64, Nov. 21, 1847; John Hazeltine, 70, Sept. 

3, 1848 ; Andrew Hutchins, 64, February 9, 1851; 
Sarah Ham, 81, Jan. 20, 1851 ; Dr. Silas Holman, 
M.D.* 61, Sept. 17, 1850; Joseph Haskell, 62, Dec. 

4, 1849; Wm. Haskell, 79, August 9, 1830; JauQ 
Hanscom, 79, Sept. 5, 1838 ; Harlow Harden, 68, 

* Graduated at Harvard, practised here 30 years. 


Oct. 19, 1843; Elizabeth Houghton, 83, March 22, 
1851 ; Esther Hildreth, 71, Feb. 1841 ; Sarah Hard- 
ing, 80, Nov. 29, 1851. 

Wm. James, 70, July, 1845 ; Enoch Jewett, 69, 
(P.) Feb. 22, 1846; Christopher Jackings, 78, Feb. 
9, 1826, (P.); Mehitable Jones, 79, April 29, 
1843 ; Hannah Jones, (P.) 62, Nov. 12, 1849 ; Sam- 
uel Jones, (P.) 69, Oct. 22, 1849; Jesse Jewett, 
Aug. 22, 1842, (P.) 73*; Benj. Jackson, 70, (P.) 
June 14, 1842 ; Christopher Jackings, 76, (P.) Nov. 
1843 ; Andrew Johnson, 75, Aug. 1843. 

Charles Kinsman, 66, (P.) April 16, 1847 ; Lydia 
Keith, 87, (P.) Dec. 1, 1848. 

Eteborah Leighton, 85, Sept. 29, 1844 ; Samuel 
Little, 79, (P.) Dec. 21, 1848 ; Reuben Libbey, 60 
March 13, 1825. 

J.ydia Meroe, 87, April 29, 1848 ; John Merrill, 
74, May, 1849; Mary McCausland, 88, Dec. 8, 
1848 ; Nathaniel Marston, 72, Jan. 18, 1848; James 
Marston, 74, Dec. 23, 1850 ; Abigail Mussey, 67, 
Aug. 8, 1825 ; Joseph Mathews, 84, Aug. 26, 1850 ; 
Anna McLellan, 61, Sept. 22, 1850; Widow Mar- 
son, (P.) 93, May 16, 1832; Daniel Merrill, 71, 
Sept. 7, 1851. 

Zebulon Newell, 74, Dec. 1825 ; John Nichols, 
78, Oct. 30, 1824; John Nickels, (P.) 92, July 20, 

John Oliver, 82, Oct. 1848; Samuel Oakman, 
Dec. 18, 1822. 

Ebenezer Pierce, 75, December 5, 1851 ; Edward 
Philips, 64, Dec. 12, 1851 ; Mary Potter, 71, June 
1842; Sarah Peacock, 61, Dec. 3, 1846 j Nancy 
Pray, 71, April 6, 1849; Mary Palmer, 60, Nov., 

* Died at Windsor, was deputy sheriff, Uvcd at Bowman's Point. 



1848; Mary Parker, 88, Jan. 7, 1817; Catharine 
Porter, 74, (P.) March 10, 1831; Dr. James Parker 
69, Nov. 9, 1837 ; his widow, Dorcas, (Marble,) yet 
living ; b. June 2, 1773 ; m. March 26, 1798 ; Eben- 
ezer Preble, 75, Dec. 5, 1851. 

Joseph Roberts, 69, April 15, 1846; Priscilla 
Roberts, 69, Aug. 2, 1848; Eunice Robinson, 71, 
Nov. 9, 1848; James Rollins, December 6, 1830, 
aged 60. 

Rebecca Smith, 67, Nov. 18, 1850; Chapin Samp- 
son, 86, Dec. 30, 1850; Isaac Sawyer, 85, May II, 
1847; Hannah Sumner, 75, April 24, 1828 ; Miriam 
Shepherd, 91, June 10, 1825; Ssirah Sampson, 83, 
(W. G.) June, 1851 ; Esther Savels, 77, May 28, 
1851; Susan Springer, 73, October 3, 1842; John 
Stevens, 69, (P.) Dec. 1842 ; Asa Stevens, 65, Feb. 

Elihu Thorp, 75, April 7, 1850; Betsey Thiu-s- 
ton, 74, July 24, 1844 ; Lucy Troop, 97, (P.) April, 
1847; Royal Tarbox, 70, Sept. 5, 1848; Michael 
Tappan, Aug. 1-31; Mary Tilton, 73, Nov. 6, 

Jane Wells, 75, July 12, 1848; Margaret Warren, 
75, April, 1845; Lucy Woodward, 69, Feb. 15, 
1843; Wm. Whitmore, 82, May 27, 1850; Lydia 
White, (P.) 77, Dec. 20, 1841; Daniel Woodward, 
68, April, 1843; Lois Williams, 89, Dec. 11, 1841. 
Mrs. Whipple, 79, March 13, 1829. 


The first periodical established in Gardiner was 
the Eastern Chronicle^ originated in Oct. 1824. by 
Hon. Parker Sheldon, editor and proprietor. Two 
volumes appeared, and it was joined to the Christian 
Intelligencer, an Universalian print, Jan. 25, 1827 ; 
Rev. Wm. A. Drew, Editor. The Intelligencer had 


been published six years at Portland, and ceased to 
exist in 1834, after a life of ten years.* 

The American Standard was made out of the 
Intelligencer^ and was published by Mr. Sheldon 
about one year, in 1832.f 

The Yankee Blade, which commenced in Water- 
ville, began in the fall of 1842, and was pub- 
lished in Gardiner a little more than two years, 
when it was removed to Boston.J 

The Gardiner Spectator was commenced in Dec. 
1 839, by Alonzo Bartlett, and in July 1 840, G. S. 
Palmer became publisher. Nov. 26, 1841, William 
Palmer published it, and continued it until Sept. 24, 
1342, when it ceased,*^ and 

The Gardiner Ledger arose from its ashes, Nov. 
11, 1842, and continued about thirteen months.lT 

The Cold Water Fountain was established June 
23, 1844, by G. M. Atwood. It is now in existence, 
and enjoys much patronage from the friends of 
Temperance in different parts of the State. DiflFer- 
ent hands have been employed upon it. Its publishers 
have been G. M. Atwood, H. W. Jewell & Co., 
Weston & Morrell, and Morrell & Heath. Editors, 
Rev. J. P. Weston, Rev. J. W. Lawton, G. M. At- 
wood, S. B. Weston, Rev. Freeman Yates, G. H. 
Shirley, and A. M. C. Heath.** 

David* s Sling hurled some pebbles, commencing 
Feb. 1, 1845, and ending Jan. 6, 1846, in all 39 
issues. James A. Clay and Isaac Rowell, editors 
and proprietors.ff 

The Star in the East shone once in the winter 
of 1845. Printed by H. W. Jewell.Jt 

The New England Farmers^ and Mechanics* 

* Hon. P. Sheldon. f Ibid. % R. B. CaldweU. 

§ VViUiam Palmer. IT Ibid. 

** G. M. Atwood. A. M. C. Heath. ff Jas. A. Clay. 

XX A. M. C. Heath. 


Journal, a monthly magazine, was published one 
year in 1 827, by Hon. Parker Sheldon. Dr. Ezekiel 
Holmes, Editor.* 

The Busy Body was a semi-monthly, C9mmenc- 
ed in April 1846, by T. H. Hoskins. Three num* 
bers appeared.! 

The Gardiner Advertiser, was commenced Feb. 
9, 1860, by Richard B. Oaldwell. On the appear- 
ance of the second number, the name was changed 
to the Kennebec Transcript, and it was published as 
a semi-weekly until July, six months. Since then 
it has been hebdomadal. Eijited by S. L. Plumer, 
Esq. until May, 1851. J 

The Dispatch was published six times in the 
fall of 1848, by James Burns, Esq., who was also 
editor. H. W. Jewell & Co., printers.** 

The Incorridgible was commenced in July, and 
appeared four times. It was printed by Jewell & 
Heath, and edited by W. E. S. Whitman.ff 

The Liberty Standard, published at Hallowell, 
was printed at the office of the Yankee Blade, two 


Out of the fourteen included in the foregoing list, 

but two remain, the Transcript and the Fountain. 

The rest, after a brief existence, died ; or, in the 

case of the Blade, experienced translation. Requies^ 

cat in pace f 


Several books have been published here, some of 
which were quite valuable. Mr. Sheldon, the veter- 
an printer and publisher, commenced the enterprise. 
The following is among them. ** Introduction to 
the mechanical principles of Carpentry. In two 

* Hon. P. Sheldon, f A. M. C. Heath, t R- B. CaldweU. 
*♦ James Burns, Esq. ft W. E. S. AVhiiman. 

Xt R. B. CaldweU. 


parts ; Part I. strength and stiffness of timber. Part 
II. statics applied to constructions of timber. By 
Benjamin Hale, Principal of Gardiner Lyceum, 1827, 
pp. 182, 8 vo." 

In 1818 Moses Springer, Jr. commenced compil- 
ing the Maine Farmers' Almanac. It was published 
at HaUowell by Ezekiel Goodale. In 1322 it pass- 
ed into the editorial hands of Daniel Robinson, 
of West Gardiner, who has continued to edit it 
to the present time. Mr. Robinson is a man of 
great scientific attainments, and his work has a very 
large circulation. Messrs. Springer and Robinson 
always made their own calculations. Other works 
are mentioned in other connections. 


The first school Teacher was Master Everson, 
who has been mentioned among our early settlers. 
He taught formerly in Boston, but his methods did not 
quite keep pace with the times, and he removed 
to Gardinerston. He taught here from house to 
house, wherever he could find employment. 

The troubles of the Revolution seem to have 
prevented the people from paying much attention to 
the important subject of Education, until after the 
town had existed nearly a score of years. In 1783 
it was voted "not to pay any schooling ;" but in 
1785 the Selectmen were " appointed as a Commity 
to hire a school master and Fix the Wards ; who 
is to teach School ; and Reed a Sermon over every 
Sunday." In the year 1787 it was voted "That 
Thirty Pounds be raised for Schooling, to be paid 
in Lumber or aneything that the Schoolmaster will 
Receive." At this time there were four district^. 

" The* first school-house was a wooden edifice of 

* Gen. n. A« S. Dearborn's MS. 


one room, nidely constructed, not being lathed and 
plastered, but rough, inside and out." It was situ- 
ated above the first grist-mill, near the house where 
the miller lived. Previoi^s to the erection of this 
house a man named Hoogs kept a school in the 
south-east lower room of Mr. Gardiner's house. 
" Here," writes Gen. Dearborn, " I was an A B C 

May 16, 1791, it was "voted to Raise £80 for 
Schooling, to hire a person to keep school and 
preach nine months." 

In 1792, voted that the " Eastern River District, 
may lay out their proportion of the £20 raised for 
preaching in schooling." It is difficult to say 
whether the Eastern River district loved Schooling 
more, or preaching less, for we find that their por- 
tion of the money raised for preaching was placed 
at their disposal for several years at this period, 
implying that they preferred not to devote it to the 
support of the minister. 

In 1825 there were 11 districts, and 18J months 
of schools taught by males, and 27^ months taught 
by females, in Pittston, and 12 districts, and 41^ 
months of schools taught by males, and 34J months 
taught by females, in Gardiner. Since that date, 
these schools have been steadily improving, until 
they have reached their present position. 


Gardiner : 9 districts and 2 parts ; 1 1 male teach- 
ers, 71 female; male rec'd $26,93 per month, female 
$2,14 per week ; 14 school-houses ; schools average 
29.6; scholars, 2076; average attendance, 831; 
money raised $3,085,99 ; excess, $994,79 ; amount 
for each scholar, $1,49 ; Private schools, $300. 

Pittston : 19 districts ; 15 male teachers, 24 
female; male rec. $18,92 per month, female $1,44 


per week; 19 school-houses; schools average 18; 
scholars, 1219 ; average attendance, 603 ; money 
raised, $1,200; excess-, $70,80; amount for each 
scholar, 98 cts. ; Private schools, $75,00. 

West Gardiner : 9 districts ; 9 male teachers, 9 
female ; male rec. $20,05 per month, female $1,57 
per week ; 9 school-houses ; schools average 22.7 ; 
scholars, 615; average attendance, 264; money 
raised, $914,18; excess, $410,18; amount for each 
scholar, $1,49. 

This includes the Lyceum now transformed into an 
excellent High School, and the Academy in East 

East Pittston Academy, was incorporated in June 
1850, with a neat building, 32 by 42 feet, costing 
$1200. The subscribers were Job Mansir, Lorenzo 
S. Clark, Wm. Troop, Augustus L. Call, Eli A. 
Young, Geo. W. Mansir, Jr., Harrison Small, Henry 
Benner, Smith Moody, Amos Merrill, Wm. Hunt- 
ington, James Hunt, Samuel G. Bailey, Winslow 
Hunt, David S. Rairdan, Ezra Bailey, Wesley 
Young, William Young, Paschal P. Morrill, John 
Marson, John Boyn^on, Charles Cuningham, Daniel 
Little, Wesley Benner, Joel Pulcifer, Mark Trafton, 
Washington Houdlett, Henry Dearborn, Albert N. 
Clark, Henry Nash, George W. Mansir. 

The subscribers were organized by choosing Dr. 
H. Small, President, Albert N. Clark, Secretary, G. 
W. Mansir, Treasurer, and Henry Dearborn, David 
S. Rairdan, James Hunt, Job Mansir and Wesley 
Young, Directors. The school commenced Sept. 
23, 1850, G. F. Jackson^ A. M., teacher. 


The people were very zealous in the Revolution, 
and the war of 1812, and have always furnished a 
goodly proportion of the military of the State. 

300 1I1SCELLANE0U8. 

The first military company in Pittston was form- 
ed about the time of peace, and was commanded by 
Robert Edgecomb Nason. As late as " 17%*- all of 
the militia of Pittston was enrolled in one company, 
commanded by the late Maj. Seth Gay. There was 
a company of Cavalry raised within the limits of 
the Regiment, commanded by Maj. Reuben Colburn. 
Some other officers and members belonged in Pittston. 
In 1803, when Pittston was divided by the incorpora- 
tion of Gardiner, the militia in Gardiner formed one 
company. The first Captain elected was O^ood 
Johnson, who resided in the north-west part of the 
town. The next year after, a division of the com- 
pany was made, and a new company formed, which 
was organized by the choice of the late Col. John 
Stone, as Captain, Ebenezer Moore, Lieut., and Jacob 
Davis, Ensign. These officers served in the com- 
pany seven years, in the order in which they were 
elected. During this period this was a very full and 
efficient company. 

" In 1809 they were called out, on application of 
the civil authorty of the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts, in protecting the County jail and Supreme 
Judicial Court at Augusta, during the imprisonment 
and trial of several persons committed for the murder 
of Lot Chadwick.; a rescue of said persons having 
been threatened by numerous persons, then known 
as ** Malta Indians." 

" In 1813, there was a company of Riflemen or- 
ganized, the officers and members of which, resided 
principally in Gardiner ; first officers, Edward Swan, 
Captain, Daniel Woodward, Lieut., Wm. Norton, En- 
sign. This was a well disciplined, active, and effi- 
cient company for many years. In 18 14, during 
the war with Great Britain, this company was called 

♦ Maj. Edward Swan. 


into actual service to resist a threatened landing of 
the British near the mouth of Sheepscot River ; and 
it served about three weeks at Wiscasset and Edge- 
comb, with the Regiment to which it was attached, 
then under the command of Col. John Stone. One 
fact may be mentioned in relation to the Rifle com- 
pany, which shows with what promptness and alac- 
rity, the militia in those days served their country. 
Their commander had heard on Sunday at 2 o'clock, 
that a Regimental order was to be issued calling out 
the Regiment for the above purpose. He immedi- 
ately applied to the Col., who confirmed the fact, 
and in less than three hours from that time, the 
company crossed the ferry at this place, on their 
march to Wiscasset ; although the extremes of the 
residence of different members were, at least, seven 
miles apart. There were four or five members, who 
could not be assembled at so short notice, who join- 
ed the company before siyirise next morning, near 
Wiscasset. The entire company roll, including oflEL- 
cers and musicians, was between fifty and sixty, and 
not a single member, whose residence was within the 
limits of the company, was absent from sickness or 
any other cause, on the arrival of the company at 
Wiscasset, Monday morning." 

Some of the commissioned ofiicers who have 
resided in Pittston and Gardiner are here given. 

Arthur Plumer, Brigadier General, August 20, 
1829. Henry B. Hoskins, Aid-de-camp, August 25, 
1829. Ebenezer F. Deane, Brigade Quarter-master, 
Aug. 9, 1840. Robert H. Gardiner, Jr., Brigade 
Major, July 31, 1833. George W. Bachelder, Brig- 
adier General, July 30, 1838. David C. B. Bow- 
man, Aid-de-camp, August 10, 1838. Solon S. 
Simons, Brigadier General, Jan. 1, 1841. David P. 
Bodfish, Aid-de-camp, Jan. 13, 1841. Amos C. 



Stuart, Brigade Quarter-master, February 17, 1841. 
Geo. W. Bachelder, Maj. General, October 8, 1840. 
David C. B. Bowmap, Aid-de-camp, Oct. 10, 1840. 
Cyrus K. Bodfish, Division Quarter-master, July 2, 

1842. Bernard Esmond, Aid-de-camp, April 17, 

1843. Caleb Stevens, Brig. Gen., June 13, 1843. 
Henry Smith, Aid-de-camp, June 29, 1843. Lo- 
renzo Clay, Aid-Hie-camp, Aug. 28, 1849. 

Caleb Stevens, Colonel, Aug. 27, 1838. Dennis 
Marr, Major, Aug. 7, 1841. Dean Pray, Pay-master, 
Aug. 20, 1842. Gideon S. Palmer, Surgeon ; David 
H. Goodno, Surgeon's mate^ April 8, 1843. Cyrus 
K. Bodfish, Col., July 22, 1843. Dean Pray, Adj. ; 
Samuel E. Marshall, Pay-master, July 28, 1843. 
James P. Weston, Chaplain, Aug. 9, 1843. Lorenzo 
Parsons, Quarter-master, Aug. 11, 1843. 

Artillery. — Warren Williamson, Capt. ; Moses 
S. Wadsworth, 1st Liei^. ; Robert P. Stinson, 2d 
Lieut. ; James D. Moore, 3d Lieut., June 23, 1849. 
Geo. M. Atwood, 2d Lieut., Aug. 9, 1849. Charles 
H. DaviS; 2d Ijieut. ; Moses S. Wadsworth, Capt., 
Dec. 28, 1850. Geo. M. Atwood, 1st Ijieut., Aug. 
9, 1849; and Div. Q. M. (Maj.) Feb. 1852. 


G. Company, — Benjamin Hatch, Capt.; James 
Norris, Jr., Lieut., Sept. 26, 1829. Jacob Marson, 
June 25, 1831, Ensign. James Norris, Jr., Capt. ; 
Jacob Marson, Lieut. ; Horace Colburn, Ensign, July 
13, 1831. Jacob Marson, Capt. ; John Emery, 
Lieut., June 21, 1834. Charles Moody, Capt. ; Ben- 
jamin Marson, Lieut, June 30, 1836. Robert Mc- 
Knight, Capt. ; Erastus Jones, Lieut. ; Milton M. 
Stone, Ensign, Sept. 2, 1837. 

Company disbanded, Feb. 25, 1843. 


H. Company. — James Rollins, Jr., Capt. ; John A. 
Colburn, Lieut. ; John Smith, Ensign, July 26, 1830. 
Charles Cooper, Capt. Aug. 4, 1Q32. Caleb Stevens, 
Lieut., Sept. 15, 1832. Caleb Stevens, Capt.; John 
Smith, Lieut. ; Benjamin S. Jones, Ensign, Sept. 17, 
1834. Benjamin S. Jones, Lieut. ; Daniel S. Plum- 
er. Ensign, July 2, 1836. Daniel S. Plumer, Capt. ; 
James Marson, Ensign, Sept. 7, 1836. James Mar- 
son, Capt. ; Paul S. Rollins, Lieut. ; Joseph C. Bai- 
ley, Ensign, Aug. 28, 1837. Hiram Covil, Capt. ; 
Sept. 1, 1842. 


E. Company, -r- John Libbey, Capt. ; John L. 
Poye, Lieut., Sept. 15, 1829. John L. Foye, Capt. ; 
Stephen Webber, Lieut.; Robert Williamson, En- 
sign, August 25, 1832. Stephen Webber, Capt. ; 
Thaddeus Hildreth, Ensign, May 6, 1834. Robert 
Williamson, Capt. ; ThaddMis Hildreth, Lieut., June 
30, 1836. Charles E. Allen, Ensign, May 2, 1837. 
Thaddeus Hildreth, Capt.; Isaac W. Woodward, 
Lieut. April 28, 1838. Dennis Marr, Ensign, Sept. 
11, 1839. Harlow Harden, Jr., Capt., May 5, 1840. 
Dennis Marr, Lieut. ; Hiram Benner, Ensign, Aug. 
15, 1840. Hiram Benner, Lieut.; James M. Wil- 
liams, Ensign, Sept. 6, 1841. 

F, Company. — Daniel Marston, Capt., July 8, 
1826. Asa Copp, Lieut., June 25, 1831. George 
Nash, Ensign, Aug. 6, 1832. George Nash, Capt. ; 
Thaddeus Spear, Lieut. ; Greenlief Robinson, En- 
sig^i, September 20, 1832. Thaddeus Spear, Capt. ; 
Greenlif Robinson, Lieut. ; Samuel E. Bran, En- 
sign, May 28, 1836. Greenlief Robinson, Capt. ; 
Samuel E. Bran,. Lieut. ; John Bran, Jr., Ensign, 
May 1, 1838. Samuel E. Bran, Capt.; Harvey 
Blaisdell, Lieut., June 22, 1839. Richard B. Getch- 
ell, Aug. 30, 1839. 


Nathaniel H. Marston, Gardiner, Lieut. Cavalry, 
Sept. 2, 1828. Tan Rensalaer Lovejoy, Gardiner, 
Lieut. Cavalry, Aug. 24, 1839. 

A. Riflemen, Gardiner. — Ivory Nudd, Capt., 
June 14, 1831 ; Lieut., Sept. 14, 1830. Lpring L. 
Macomber, Lieutenant ; Thomas Gilpatrick, Ensign, 
June 14, 1831. Laban L. Macomber, Capt. ; Thos. 
Gilpatrick, Lieut., September 21, 1833. Charles P. 
Gardiner, Ensign, Sept. 21, 1833; Captain, Aug. 
22, 1835. Elbridge G. Hooker, Ensign, Aug. 22, 
1835; Lieut. Sept. 12, 1835. Ezekiel W. Barker, 
Ensign, September 12, 1835. Elbridge G. Hooker, 
Capt. ; Ezekiel W. Barker, Lieut. ; Daniel Bryant, 
Jr., Ensign, June 30, 1836. 

Disbanded, June 30, 1842. 

C lAght Infantry, Gardiner, — Geo. W. Bach- 
elder, Capt. ; Philip C. Holmes, Lieut. ; Nathaniel 
Webber, Ensign, Aug. 16, 1832. Nathaniel Web- 
ber, Lieut. ; Philip C. Holmes, Capt. ; Samuel 
Crowell, Ensign, Nov. 22, 1834. Joseph Perry, 
Ensign, June 30, 1836. Joseph Perry, Capt. ; John 
Berry, Jr., Lieut. ; David Smith, Ensign, April 14, 
1838. John Berry, Jr., Captain; David Smith, 
Lieut. ; Arthur Berry, 2d Ensign, May 3, 1842. 

John O. Craig, Col., May 6, 1828. Jesse D. 
Robinson, Quarter-master, July 14, 1828. John D. 
Gardiner, Adj., Aug. 28, 1832. William R. Babson, 
Pay-master, Sept. 16, 1836. David P. Bodfish, 
Pay-master, March 23, 1840. V. R. Lovejoy, Col. 
Feb. 27, 1841. Geo. Shaw, Lieut. Col., Aug. 28, 
1830 ; Col., July 2, 1831. David H. Myrick, Adj., 
August 3, 1831. John Libbey, Maj., August 7, 
1832. Samuel Plaisted, Surgeon's Mate, July 31, 
1827. Benj. Hatch, Col. ; John Libbey, Lieut. Col., 
Sept. 1, 1832. Geo. W. Bachelder, Major, Aug. 15, 

misceij:4Aneous. 305 

1834; Lieut. Col., August 22, 1835. Isaac N. 
Tucker, Maj., Aug. 22, 1835. Geo. W. Bachelder, 
Col., Aug. 13, 1836. James H. Marston, Pay-master, 
Sept. 3, 1836. William Tarbox, Adj., March 23, 
1837. Caleb Stevens, Maj., Aug. 13, 1836; Col., 
Aug. 27, 1838. George Swan, Pay-master, March 
13, 1839. Sanford K. Ballard, Pay-master ; Gideon 
S. Palmer, Surgeon's Mate, Aug. 25, 1840. Ste- 
phen Whitmore, Surgeon, Aug. 4, 1841. Henry 
Smith, Adjutant, August 19, 1842. 

Arthur Plumer, Lieut. Colonel May 25, 1820. 
Charles H. Dustin, Adjutant, Aug. 21, 1821. Silas 
Holman, Surgeon's Mate, July 1, 1823. 

Roswell Whitman, Captain, Rifle, George Shaw, 
Ensign, May 6, 1823. Bailey Potter, Capt. ; James 
Puller, Ensign ; Ezekiel Waterhouse, Ensign, April 
17, 1824. George Cox, Lieutenant, November 9, 
1820. John Keith, Ensign, June 30,1821. WUl- 
iam Bradstreet, Ensign, June 6, 1819. Daniel 
Marston, Ensign, April 12, 1823. Nicholas Booker, 
Ensign, Sept. 17, 1824. Charles McCausland, Lieut., 

March 15, 1823. 


Several of our citizens have been conspicuous in 
the more active scenes of war. Col. F. T. Lally 
and Captain Charles N. Bodfish, were in the Mexican 
campaign. Col. Laily held the rank of major, and 
Capt. Bodfish was captain of company K. of grena- 
diers. Both belonged to the Ninth Regiment. They 
landed at Vera Cruz, and joined Gen. Scott, just 
after the battle of Cerro Gordo. Maj. Laliy had an 
independent command, and fought his way, with his 
train, to the city of Mexico, receiving at one time a 
bullet in the neck. Capt. Bodfish was in the battles 
of Contreros, Cherubusco, Chepultepec, and Molino 
del Rey. He elicited much admiration from his 



commander, by building a road in three hours and a 
half, which the engineers declared could only be 
done in four days. 

There are three of our citizens now in tlie public 
service, graduates at West Point. E. Parker Scam- 
mon, graduated June 30, 1837 ; was promoted 2d 
Lieut. 4th Artillery, July 1 , 1837. Acting Assistant 
Prof. Math. Aug. 28, 1 837 to Sept. 10, 1838. Act- 
ing Prof. Eth. from Aug. 30, 1841, to Sept. 26, 
1841, and Assist. Prof. Eth. from Sept. 26, 1841, to 
July 13, 1846. 2d Lieut. Top. Eng. July 7, 1838. 
A. M. First Lieut. Sept. 21, 1846. — John W. T. 
Gardiner, graduated June 30, 1840. Promoted Bvt. 
2d Lieut. 1st Dragoons, July 1, 1840. 2d Lieut., 
Dec. 31, 1840. 1st Lieut., April 21, 1846. —Geo. 
P. Evans, graduated June 30, 1846. Promoted Bvt. 
2d Lieut., 1st Dragoons, Julyl, 1846. Bvt. 1st 
Lieut. Feb. 23, 1847, " for gallant and meritorious 
conduct in the Battle of Buena Vista, Mexico." 
Second Lieut. Oct. 18, 1847. 



Barzillai Gannett was the •first post-master. He 
kept the office in a small red store where he traded. 
He soon removed it to the Jewett house, at the foot 
of Vine street, and when he had finished the house 
where Frederic Allen dwells, he removed it to that 
place. He was elected to Congress and was suc- 
ceeded, June 1, 1809, by Maj. Seth Gay, who re- ^ 
moved the office to the old North house, a view of 
which may be found in this volume. When Major 
Gay became post-master the mail from Portland 
came only once a week, and on horse-back. The 
proceeds of the post office were then about $125, 
per annum, of which the post-master received 30 
per cent. In 1826 the net income of the Gardiner 
office was $598,73, and of lYve PiXX^Xow office, ^86,36. 


In 1811 the first stagecoach came here from 
Brunswick. April 1, 1835, Major Gay was succeed- 
ed by William Palmer, Esq., who remained until 
Oct. 1, 1841, when Thomas Gay was appointed. 
Dr. Joseph Merrill succeeded him, June 30, 1846, 
and L. H. Gneene was appointed in May, 1849. 

On the separation of Gardiner in 1803, a Post 
OfSce was established in Pittston. Jacob Loud was 
the first post-master. He kept the office near 
Smith's ferry. He died June 22, 1820, and was 
succeeded by Henry Dearborn, who removed the 
office to Togus Bridge. Stephen Young was ap- 
pointed in 1829, and removed the office to the vil- 
lage. Alphonso H. Clark was appointed in 1841, 
Hiram Clark in 1845, Samuel S. Colburn in 1849, 
and Caleb Stevens in Dec. 1850. While Loud was 
P. M. he used to carry the mail from Wiscasset to 
Gardiner on horseback, and from Gardiner to Augus- 
ta in a canoe. * 

" The E. Pittston post office was established about 
1817. Jonathan Young was the first post-master. 
For a few of the first years, the post-master's letters 
and papers were about equal to all the rest of the 
matter mailed to the office. In about 1828, James 
Norris, Jr., was appointed. In 1831, Wm. Kendall was 
appointed. In 1836, Cyrus Rundlett was appointed. 
In 1846, Joel Johnson was appointed. He died in 
about six months, and was succeeded by Eliakim 
Scammon, the present incumbent. The net amount 
of postage at this office in the year ending March 
31, 1834, was ^24,94. Year ending March 31, 
1851, f 61,43." — E. Scammon. 

The first post-master in West Gardiner was Aaron « 
Haskell. He was succeeded in 1828-9 by Daniel 
Marston. Daniel Marston was reappointed in 1844, 
and John W. Herrick in 1848. 


Some of the earliest publishments of marriage : — 

1782, John Taggart and Sarah McLellan. 

1783, Benj. Handy, (Livermore,)and Lucy Tower, 
(P.) Benj. Eastman and Anne Carbarker, (Pow- 
nalboro'.) Thomas Berry and Polly Davis. Thos. 
Agry, (P.) and Hannah Nye, (Sandwich.) Henry 
McCausland and Abial Stackpole. Joshua Reed and 
Polly Clark. 

1784, Joshua Norcross, (P.) and Charlotte Smith, 
(Winthrop.) Robert McCausland and Hannah Stack- 
pole. Thomas Town and Margaret Higgins. Ed- 
ward Tibbetts and Sarah Douglass. John Brown 
and Sarah Modgrie. John French, (Winthrop,) and 
Elizabeth Gipson, (P.) Thomas Berry, (P.) and 
Mary Hunchcum, (Hanscom ?) of Saco. Ithiel Gor- 
don and Sarah McCausland. 

1785, Joel Judkins and Bial Thomas. Elijah Pol- 
lard and Nancy Fitch. Philip Roach and Sarah 
Wadleigh. Gardiner McCausland and Mary Doug- 
lass. Henry Door and Abigail Weeks. William 
Haley, (P.) and Molly Savage, (Hallo well.) Mark 
Walton and Mary Clark. James Dudley, (P.) and 
Sybil Cheney, (Pownalboro\) Thomas Owen, 
(Topsham,) and Hannah Norcross, (P.) Burtiham 
Clark, (P.) and Mary Greely, (Ballton.) 

1786, Gardiner Williams and Molly Voss. Thos. 
Mawgrage and Elizabeth Jackson. Comfort Car- 
penter Smith, (Winthrop,) and Sally Norcross, (P.) 
John Shelvock and Polly Law. William Pain and 
Pamelia Parker. Jonathan Berry and Miriam Fitch. 
John Clark, (P.) and Rosanna Collester, (Ballton.) 

1787, Nathaniel Barker liingley and Susanna 
Bradstreet. Samuel White, (Pownalboro,) and Han- 
nah Haley, (P.) BenoniHunt, (P.) and Nancy Long- 
fellow, (Ballton.) Leonard Cooper and Eliza- 


beth Palmer. Joshua Fall and Betsey Hig- 
gins. Christopher Jakins and Lydia Farrington, 

1788, Joseph Webber, (Cobbossee Pond,) and 
Susanna Porter, (Sandy River.) Carpenter Winslow 
and Betsey Colburn. John Barker and Lydia Clark. 
Joseph Blodget and Ruth Boson. Daniel Watson 
and Betsey Webber, (Cobbossee Pond.) Dominions 
Wakefield and Patty Door. Benjamin Rollins and 
Sally Porter* William Wing, Jr., (Hallo well,) and 
Eunice Rundlett, (P.) 

1789, Levi Shepherd and Elizabeth Moore. 
Isaac Hatch and Abigail Clark. Thomas Colby and 
Jenny Neil. Jonathan Winslow and Hannah Tar- 
box; (m. Nov. 26, by Henry Dearborn.) Abner 
Marston, Jr. and Peggy Carney, (Pownalboro'.) 

1790, Dudley Hobart and Sophia Dearborn, (Ex- 
eter, N. H.) John Neil and Betsey Hutchinson, 
(Fairfield.) Jeremiah Wakefield and Mary Berry. 
Alvin Nye and Susan Norcross. Samuel BuUen and 
Sarah Fletcher, (Hallo well.) Thomas Hankerson 
and Nabby Jakins. 

A list of the vessels built in Gardiner and Pittston, 
and at Bowman's Point, which belonged to Hallo- 
well previous to 1834. The earliest records at Bath 
are somewhat imperfect, and it is probable that there 
maybe some deficiencies. SI. signifies sloop; S. 
ship ; B. brig ; Bk. barque, and So. schooner. 



B. Dolphin, Thos. Agry, 115, T., J. & D. Agry. 
B. Dolphin, " " 161, " " " 




SI. Hannah, 

SI. Polly; 
Sc. Phenix, 



W. R. Miller, 99, T., J. & D. Agiy de 

W. P. Miller. 


VV. Springer, 100, J. & W. Springer An 

S. Howard. 
J. Agry, 99, T., J. & D. Agry. 


B. Hannah, J. Rogers, 

178, W. & J. Springer de 
R. Colburn. 


S. Commerce, D. Agry, 242, D., J. & T. Agry. 

Sc. Nancy, Peter Grant, 119, S. & P. Grant. 

" Polly, J. Drummond, 99, S. Oakman. 

" Betsey, Charles Porter, 1 13, Reuben Moore, &c. 

SI. Hannah, 
" Hercules, 

Sc. Ruth, 

T. Jones, 
M. Eldred, 


100, T. Jones & J. Davis. 
69, J. & T. Eldred & A. 
T. Famham, 101, R. Moore, S. & J. 

Bradstreet, C. Jewett. 


M. Springer, 112, I. Wentworth, W. & 

M. Springer. 

D. G. Bond, 228, S. Oakman & D. P. 



Sc. Dispatch, M. Springer, 126, P. Grant, J. Lowell & 

A. Ballard. 

B. Orange, C. Ballard, 161, R. Moore, J. & S. 


S. Washington, J. Purrington, 169, P. Grant, N. B. Ding- 
ley, &c. 

B. Argo, I. Lilly, 158, C. & I. Lilly, L Reed. 

Sc. Polly, 
S. Venus, 



Sc. Rachel, C. Ballard, 1 16, D. Agry & C. Ste- 

vens, Jr. 


B. Franklin, J. Marston, 139, S. Jewett & J. Mars- 
S. Alexander, J. Ring, 275, J, O. Page, 6zc. 


Sc. William, Charles Swift, 101, P. Grant & C. Swift. 
SI. Samuel, J. Springer, 79, P. Grant, A. Ballard, 

J. Lowell. 


B. Emmeline,* G. Colcord, 202, J. O. Page. 
S. Two Broth- 217, S. & J. Bradstreet & 

ers,t R. Purrington. 


B. Nancy, C. Ballard, 172, P. Grant. 

Barque Mary, T. Jones, 190, W. Springer, H. Cox 

& L. Palmer. 

B. Nancy, A. Berry, 160, P. Grant, & J. Wake- 


Sc. Hannah A. Hinkley, 115, S. Oakman, W. Mc- 
Matilda, Lellan. 


B. Hiram, J. Church, 167, D. Moody, H. Smith. 

S. Jno. Andrew,!. Moore, 225, S. Bradstreet, heirs of 

R. Moore. 
" Eliza Ann, I). Agry, 290, D. Agry. 


B. William, E. Harding, 168, J. Bradstreet, M. 

Lawrence, &c. 
Sc. Anchovey, J. Marston, 117, J. Marston. 

♦ B. Follansbee, builder. f J. Glidden, builder. 



Sc. Olive, Charles Swift, 113, A. Ballard, P. Grant, 

J. Lowell. 

S. Criterion, O. Colburn, 860, J. & T. Agry, ۥ 

Stevens, die. 


Sc. Rose in R. Stevens, 121, H. Smith, Jr.,S.BrBd« 

Bloom, street. 

S. Caroline, T. Jones, 325, T. & J, Agry, &c. 

B. Eli2a, S. Oakman,* 127, S.Oakman, F.Flitner. 

Sc. Caledonia, A. Nye, 92, H.Smith,E.Robinson, 

S. Cutts, W. Stevens. 
" Valeria, A. Berry, 96, P. Grant, J, Lowell, ^ 

A. Ballard. 


Sc. Argonaut, J. Colburn, 116, H. Smith, Jr. &c. 
B. Emmeline, R. Stevens, 212, C. Stevens Jr. 6cc, 


Sc. Oscar, A. Nye, 89, S. Bradstreet 

" Olive Branch,B. Robinson, 140, R. Clay, J. Bradstreet, 

" Enterprise,t W. Hanover, 118, R. Gay, P. & E. Lord. 
'* Native, T. Hinkley, 137, Hinkley, Hodgdon, 

Ballard, Lowell. 
B. Dispatch, T. Timmins, 223, E. Emerson. 
" Harriet, W. Purrington, 218, J. Bradstreet, R. Clay, 

" Chs. FawcettjJ. Colburn, 237, H. A. Bement. 


Sc. American J. Wolverton, 128, E. Waterhouse, R. 
Hero, Stuart, M. Springer. 

* Builder. f G. Staples, builder. 



Sc. Washington, J. Howes, Jr., 149, Lawrence,Lord,Brad- 

Street, Tarbox. 
^^ G.Beckworth^A. Morgan, 138, /. Rawlings, M. H. 


Sl.Ed.&Hiram, E. Raymond^ ]09,* Lowell, Ballard, & 


S. Alired, B. Trott, 287, S. Oakman, B. Trott. 


Sc. Ann, H. Kimball, 40, Kimball, Stuart, 

Field, &c. 

^ Samuel, M. Springer, 142, P. Grant, W. G. War- 

ren, M. Springer. 
•* Gen. Jackson,J. Moor, 100, A. Berry & R. Clay, 

B. Cobbossee E. Howes, Jr., 147, E. Swan, R. H. Gar- 
Contee, diner, J. Stone, &c. 

Sc. Trenton, G. Clark, 93, P. Tallman. 

B. Alexander, O. Colburn, 182, C. Stevens, Jr., &c. 
S. Diana, A. Berry, 382, P. Grant. 

** Alb't GaUatin,C. Clark, 488, R. K, Page. 

Sc. Sally, J. Crawford, 95, J, & T. Agry. 


Sc. Lydia,? B, Robinson, 135, J. & D. Reed. 

" Neptune, R. Stevens, 156, W. G. Warren, P. 

" Curlew, J. Moore, 91, J. Moore & R. H. 

" Hannah, W. Davis, 118, S. & J. Bradstreet. 


Sc. Olive, S. Preble, 80, S. Preble. 

" Sanford & H. Melius, 92, T. Agry & S. Kings- 

William, berry. 

S. Decatur, W. Blish, 108, A. & C. Ballard, P. 

Sc. Sally Ann, J. Dingley, 69, Dingley & Farrell. 

?' Rambler,? J. Blish, lp8, J. Blish & J. Agry. 





Sc. Betrieve, T. Hinkley, 102, Lowell, Hiukley, Cox, 

& Clay. 

SI. Mentor, O. Col bum, 68, S. Bradstreet dc J. 



Sc Two Broth- W. Crawford, 83, 


" Wm. Barker^T. Town, 91, 

B. Belvidere, S. J. Browne, 196, 

Sc. Telegraph, S. Loud, 87; 

" Lucy Ann, I. Pillsbury, 63, 

Sc. Arringdon, £. Perry, 110, 

'' Elizabeth, C. Ballard, 84, 

" Ranger,? J. Agry, Jr. 123, 

W. B. Grant & W. 

W. Bradstreet &; S. 

D. Jewett, 6sc. 
W. G. Warren &; B. 

N. Bachelder. 
Lowell, Clay &, Perry. 
Peter Grant. 
J. & T. Agry. 


Sc. Catharine, W. Colbum, 

^^ Amanda J. Jackson, 


" Cygnet, N. Kimball, 

SL Messenger, O. Colbum, 

Sc. Columbus, S. Perry, 

B. Orion, 

C. Ballard, 

84, J. Colbum, & C. Ste- 
74, Bradstreet, Lilly, 
Smith, &c. 

136, N. Kimball, T. 

Agry, &c. 
83, J. Lord, Bradstreet, 
& Grant. 

119, Clay, Lowell & 

125, W. & J. Bradstreet, 
& W. B. Grant. 

B. William, 
" Alexander, 
Sc. Laurel, 

*» William, 



S. Twycross, 110, S. Twy cross & Co. 

S. Swanton, 228, S. Swanton & Co. 

S. Perry, 86, J. Lowell, R., D. <& 

S. Clay. 

T. Eldred, 111, L. F. & T. Eldred. 

* Builder. 



Sc. Worromon- J. Blanchard, 106, E. Swan & R. H. 

toffus, Grardiner. 

Sc. Adrairal, J. Haskell, &6, W. & J. Bradstreet, 

W. B. Grant. 

B.Bobert Readers. Smith, 185, Smith, Page & Co. 


** Washington, Chase, 191, P. & S. C. Grant. 

** Lawson, S. Watts, 137, Watts, Page & Co. 

Sc Porter, R. Phinney, 113, J. Lowell & Clays. 


B. Jasper, S. Smith, 192, Grants & Ballard. 

'' Elizabeth,? D. Reed, 169, I. Reed. 

" Abby Jones, W. Crawford, 198, Brads't & Crawford, 
Sc. Lively,* E. Dill, 21, E. Dill. 

" Delia Belcher J. Tarbox, 66, J.,E.& S. B. Tarbox. 

B. John Odlin, J. Eean, 175, C. Stevens, &c. 

" Laurel, B. Weeks, 168, Clays, Lowell, Kim- 

ball, &c. 
" Enterprise, S. Gay, Jr., 128, Gays, Stuart, Clay 

& Milliken. 

B. Arcturus, J. Moore, 254, Swan, Gardiner, R. 


Sc. Franklin, G. Greene, 56, D. Nutting, N. Kim- 

ball & B. Cooke. 
" Elmira, J. Nutter, 125, J. & S. Young, &c. 


Sc. Sophia Ann,0. Harward, 1 10, J. <&; Jon. Young, 6c 

A. Marson. 
B. Splendid, J. Miller, 222, J. N. & A. Cooper. 

" Billow, Mark Springer, 183, S. C. & P. Grant. 

♦ Rebuilt. 



B. MiltOD, 


S. Nickells, 

Sc. Hesperus, S. NickeHs, 

" Octayia, 
**• Henry, 

" Globe, 
" Mary,? 

B» Jttlia, 
Sc. Forrester, 
B. Alexander, 

" Horatio, 
B. Waltham, 

" Hercules, 

B. Shepard, 
A. Nickel Is, 

A. Phinucy, 
A. Brown, 


172, W. Bradstreet & J. 

P. Hunter. 
85, Gould, Bradstreet & 

95, Watts 6c Gardiner. 
189, Clay, Lowell & 


96, S. B. & E. Tarbox. 
65, A. Brown, E.White. 


S. J. Brown, 
W. H. Byram, 

A. Cooper, 

B. Weeks, 
O. Harward, 

167, Kimball, Stone, &c. 
117, Lowell, Byram, &c. 
128, J. N. & A. Cooper. 
102, H. Getchell. 
284, J. Agry & Co. 
146, Richardson & Har- 

" Shamrock, 

" Meridian, 
Sc. Oaklands, 

W. Crawford, 227, 

Mark Springer, 292, 
J. Tarbox, 81, 

*' Scott, 
" Ranger, 
B. Adeline, 
" Comet, 

J. Scott, 
E. Fitts, 
J. Staples, 

Crawford & Brad- 
S. C. & P. Grant. 
E. & N. Tarbox & 
P. Harding. 
124, Cutts, Stuart, Scotts. 
117, Colson & Perkins. 
177, Messrs. Cooper. 
139, J. P. Hunter, J. ds J. 
Lowell, Jr. 


** Catherine, S. Flitoer, 
" Carroll, S. C. Cox, 

Sc. Argo, J. Webb, Jr., 

B. Grand Turk, A, Cooper, 
S. Lotus, S. Watts, 

Sc. Deborah, J, Jewett, 

199, P. & P. Grant, Jr. 
227, Cox, Swan, Gardi- 

ner &c. 
114, S.Young, i. Webb Jr. 
298, J. N. & A. Cooper. 
293, Watts & Page. 
89, J. Jewett &R.Stuart. 





B. Alcyone, F. Bears, 197, Lowell & Byrams. 

S. Gardiner, S. Nichols, 346, Bradstreet & Gould. 

B. Corinthian, O. Colburo, 250, N. Kimball, J. Stone, 

W. Stevens^ 


Sc. Harriet F., L. Low, 97, J. Otis 4- Co. 

^^ Maria Jane, S. Alley, 125, Alley, Gould, 4*c. 


*^ Napoleon, A. Blanchard, 129, J. Jewett, & J. N. & 

A. Cooper. 
" Magnolia, J. W. Waitt, 99, Waitt, Springer & 

Sc. Arab, J. Haskell, 99, W. Bradstreet. 

Bonny Boat, J. Tarbox, 99, B. Shaw. 

Experiment, D. Brookings, 28, Shaw, 'Bowman & 

S. Constellation, T. B. Sampson, 276, S.C.,P.,&P.Grant,Jr. 


B. Panope, S. Gay, Jr., 142, Gay, Stuart, Clay iSe 


Sc. Savannah, W. B. Gurney, 130, Frost & Currier. 

•' Lafayette, J. Flitner, Jr., 139, J. N. & A. Cooper. 

B. Mary Averill,J. Y. Bailey, 146, Hunter, Stone, 4^. 

Sc. Louisa, S. Merrill, 120, D. Gould dz; Co. 

" Girard, J. Jewett, 130, Wm. Cooper & Co. 

'' Hiram, D. Scott, 113, Scotts & Stevens. 

" Signet, T. Simmons, 98, N. Kimball & Deane. 

Steam. Ticonic, E. K. Bryant, 100, Steamboat Co. 

S. Congress, J. Holmes, 401, Coopers & Holmes. 

B. Rob. Adams, W. H. By ram, 200, Byrams & Lowell. 


" Euphrates, F. R. Theobald, 212, Hunter, Stones, Stu- 
art & Atkins. 
Sc. Adventure, C. C. Duell, 122, W. Elwell. 





Sc. Mexico, 
B. Citizen, 
Sc. Erie, 


P. C. Virgin, 
J. Thing, 
J; Moore, 

** Olive Brancb,C. Cooper, 
B. Helen, F. Houdlette, 

" Citizen, A. Nickells, 

** Corsair, 
S. Mohawk,^ 
" Orient,t 

W. H. Byraro, 
R. Stevens, 
N. Kimball, 

" Manco, W. Crawford, 350, 

" Constitution, W, T. Glidden, 472, 


Sc. E. Warren, D. Blanchard, 132, 
B. Orson, S. Nickells, 145, 

Sc. Ozello, W. Cutts, 104, 


81, Kimball & Co. 
200, Clay & Thing. 
64, Springers, Water- 
house & Foy. 
155, J. N. & A. Cooper. 
138. J. Chisam. 
140, Nickells, Clay & 

161, Byrams & Lowell. 
344, S. C. & P. Grant. 
350, Kimball, Clay & 
W. Bradstreet & W. 

Coopers (J-^lidden. 

B. Choctaw, 
** Margaret, 
" Castor, 
" Coral, 

E. Lawrence, 
W. Swan, 
S. C. Cox, 
T. Dow, 


Sc. Kosciusco, J. Marson, 

Ann, N. Houdlette, 

H.A.Breed,?H. Brookings, 
" Warsaw, F. Flitner, 
B. Franklin, S. Brookings, 


Bark Gallileo, J. Lambard, 268, W. and H. Stevens. 
B. N. England, J. Crooker, 156, Crookerand Henry. 

SI. Hualpa, Herrick, 31, W. Bradstreet, 



Thayer ^ Alley. 
J. Bradstreet. 
Bradstreet, Lowell 
4* Cutts. 

245, P. Grant. 

246, Swans 4* Blanchard. 
146, Cox, Stevens 4* al. 
135, Young, Jewett, 4*c. 

123, R. Nortbey ^ Co. 
129, C. Thayer ^ Co. 
131, W.L.Wheeler4-Co. 
128, Flitner,Hunter 4<:Jo. 
153, F. Stevens ^ Co. 

♦ E. G. Pierce, builder. 

t B. Follansbe, builder. 



B. Tampico, W. Cutis, 134, W. Bradstreet 

*' Billow, E. Lawrence, 174, Lowell and Grants. 


50. Bunker Hill,Il. Colbum, 122, Colbura, Smith,Clay 

* and Stevens. 

51. Boneto, W.W. Bradstreet, 10, W. W. Bradstreet. 
B. Porto Rico, Thomas Dow, 150, John Jewett. 

" Christiana, S. C. Cox, 226, W. & H. Stevens. 

1838 • 

Sc. Farmer, Henry Cooper, 133, J. Y. Kendall. 

" Canton,? Hinkley, 106, Hinkley. 

Bk John Odlin, W. T. Hanover, 257, J. O. P. Stevens. 
StVKennebis, J. Snow, 110, W. H. Stevens. 

Bark Fairfield, Herrick, 198, W. Bradstreet. 

B. Grecian, C. Lemont, 232, J. N. &Wm.Cooper. 

Bark Edinburg, Theobald, 283, J. P. Hunter and 



Sc. Gazelle, G. Barker, 113, Jewett, Clark, Bar- 

ker, Adams, ^. 
Bark Gleaner, H. Stevens, 289, T. N. Atkins ^ Co. 

*' Mary & Jane,J. Varney, 346, Coopers & Vamey. 


Bark Callao, S. C. Cox, 350, W. & H. Stevens. 

B. Haidee, J. Flitner, 156, H. Stevens & Co. 

Sc. Only Son, J. T. Moore, 135, Stephen Young. 


S. Hargrave, James Bailey, 484, J. Bailey. 
B. Sea Flower, Kinsman, 150, J. Jewott. 


Bark Rainbow, T. Sampson, 292, S. C. 4- P. Grant. 

Sc. Colorado, Wm. Swan, 115, E. Swan 4* Son. 

S. Caledonia, J. Varney, 449, J. N. Cooper. 




S. Sabbatis, S, C. Cox, 447, W. ^ H. Stevens, 

B.Abby Amelia, Smith, 184, J. Smith. 


Bark Trident, J. Thing, 
St Experiment, 

324, R. Clay. 

- 64, B. Follansbee. 


B. Marcellus^ S. Marson, 

S. Meteor, ___^ 

S.Ja'sN.Cooper,J. Varney, 

B. Natahnis, S. N. Rollins, 187, F. Stevens ^ Co. 

142, D. W. Nutting, R, 

495, S. C. <Sr P. Grant. 
549, J. N. Cooper. 

B. Home, 

Bark Lowell, 
Sc. Opher, 
B. Globe, 
B. S. Young, 
Sc. Ostaloga, 
B. Caribee, 
Bark Juniata^ 

S. Marson, 139, 

J. A. Bradstreet, 348, 
M. Damon, 134, 



H. Brookings, 
W. Abbott, 
Child, . 


R. Clay 4- J. T. 

W. Bradstreet. 
M. Damon. 
James Smith. 
Stephen Young. 
F. Stevens 4- Co. 



" Emma, D. Brown, 

B. Mary Ellen, Nichols, 

Sc. Glenroy, S. Duell, 

*B.E.G. Pierce,George Carr, 
Bk. Nahumkeag,J. Fisher, 

B. Cath. Rogers,- 
Bk. Ja's Smith, R. Colburn, 
Sc:S. Wardwell,J. Hodgkins, 
" Athos, J. Hazelton, 



J. N, Cooper. 

R. Clay, D. Brown. 
W. Bradstreet. 
F, Trott, W. W. 

S. C. and P. Grant. 
F. Stevens 4- Co. 
Stephen Young. 
James Smith. 
John Jewett. 
F. Stevens 4* Co. 

* When two years old, left N. Y. for Europe, and never heard 



Sc Betsey, H. Marson, 146, S. Young. 

" Jno.Marshall, Collins, 168, J.N.& Wm.Cooper. 

** Henrietta, H. Brookings, 147, F. Stevens & Co. 


B. NancyPlais. G. F. Church, 149, W. F. Day ^ Co., 
ted, J. 4- G. Plaisted. 

" Torno, H. Marson, 149, Tupper ^ Damon. 

" Sea Belle, S. Marson, 125, W. Bradstreet. 

« Alb'n Cooper, Rodbird, 185, Wm. & J.N.Cooper. 

" Amesbury, 168, W. Bradstreet. 

Bark Keoko, A. M. Jackson, 247, C. Sjr G. W. Stevens^ 

B.H.W.Moncure, Titcomb, 198, S. Young. 

S. WA.Cooper,W. Cutts, 645, J. N. Cooper. 

B. Monica, A. Burke, 179, S. Young. 

S. Cybele, Ambrose Childs, 798, F. Stevens ^ Co. 

Sc £. Hinds, L. Perry, 145, do. 

" Alvarado> A. D. Copeland, 134, do. 


B. Crocus, Sturdivant, 222, BradstreetcJ- Lowell. 

B'k O. St. John,A. Berry, 2d, 236, W. Bradstreet 

B. Glencoe, J. H. Hazelton, 223, J. Hazelton. 

B'k Arco Iris, O. Col burn, 253, By ram 4" Damon. 

B. Vesta, Lawrence, 249, S. C. 4* P- Grant. 

B. jEoIus, L. Ballard, 199, Damon (J- Tupper. 

Sc. Attakapas, H. Pierce, 125, S.Young,Brown,&c 

B.Rach.Stevens,B. A. FoHansbee,213, F. Stevens ^ Co. 

" John Alfred, J. T. Moore, 197, Stephen Young. 

" Mary Wilder,M. I. Milliken, 214, William Cooper. 

B'k M. Melville, W. Copland, 234, F. Stevens cf Co. 

S. W. V. Kent, J. Varney, 677, J. N. Cooper. 


" Jno. Merrick, H. Stevens, 693, H. Tupper et als. ^ 

Bk.YankeeBlade,J. A.Bradstreet, 420, W. Bradstreet, 

B. John Davis, 149, S. Marson. 

S. Ch's Cooper,W. Cutts, 678, J. N. Cooper. 

B. A.E. Maines,Edwin Jewett, 153, F. Stevens & Co. 




Bark Reindeer, Lawrence, 496, S. C. and P. Grant. 

Sc. Kaloolah, F. Glazier, 159, W. W. Bradstreet. 

S. State Rights, J. D. Warren, 826, F. Stevens & Co. 


St'r Clinton, 43, N.Kimball. 

S. Hunter, Holt, 453, J. Brown. 

Bark Trinity, Colburn, 349, S. C, and P. Grant. 

S. J. D. Cooper,W. A. Cooper, 524, W, and C. Cooper 

and brothers. 

There are on the stocks, (in Gardiner) three 
vessels ; a barque of 550 tons, being built for Pierce 
& Bacon, Boston, by E. G. Pierce ; also, by the 
same, for John Aiken, New Bedford, a beautiful pi- 
lot boat, of 70 tons, on the model of the world-fam- 
ous yatcht America, and named for her builder, 
George Steers. Mr. Pierce has built thirteen vessels. 
His son, George Pierce, built tl>e Trinity, already 
spoken of. Capt. Nathaniel Kimball is building a 
fast sailing steamer, to sail on the Kennebec. It is 
to be 120 feet long, by 17 wide, and 4 deep. Messrs. 
Clark Benner & Brothers are building a vessel of 
300 tons, and Messrs. W. & P. Stevens another of 
950 tons, in Pittston. 


Hermon Lodge of Freemasons, was organized 
August 14, 1820. The first officers were R. W. 
Cyrus Kindrick, M. ; W. Thomas Gilpatrick, S. W.; 
W. David Neal, J. W. ; John Haseltine, T. ; Daniel 
Nlitting, S. ; W. Partridge, S. D. ; Benj. Cook, J. D. ; 
James Tarbox, S. S. ; Robert Gould, J. S. There 
are now about 50 members of the Lodge. 

The Mechanics' Association was constituted in 
May, 184L First officers, C. A. Robbins. President ; 


G. S. Clark, Secretary ; R. Williamson, Treasurer. 
This Association is a most excellent one. It owns 
a valuable library of 1000 volumes ; a cabinet of cu- 
riosities, &c. ; and has furnished the people of Gardi- 
ner with a course of lectures from some of the ablest 
men in America, each winter, for several years. 

The Washingtonians in Gardiner organized May 
6, 1841. First officers, John Robinson, President ; 
John Leeman, Vice President ; Harrison Fairfield, 
Secretary ; John Stone, Treasurer. Many reformed 
inebriates joined them, and they experienced a varied 
history, until they were re-organized, in the winter of 
1850-*1. Officers then, Warren Williamson, Presi- 
dent ; Moses Wadsworth, Secretary. 

Odd Fellows' Literary Society. This was an 
Association composed of many of the most promi- 
nent citizens. It was originally limited to thirty 
members but at length became much larger. The 
exercises were of a literary and somewhat humorous 
character, and though secret, were of great interest 
to the members. Many reminiscences are preserved 
by^the former members, among whom were Hon. 
Parker Sheldon, Hon. Sanford.Kingsberry, Col. John 
Stone, Jacob Davis, Esq. and many others. Its seal 
was a circle bisected with a straight line, and enclos- 
ing a triangle in such a manner as to form the word 
Oddity. It was instituted in the year 1825. At 
one time the Maine Branch received a present from 
the Parent Society at Worcester, of a gigantic razor. 
They replied by sending a jewsharp, the tongue of 
which was a mill-saw. The diploma for member- 
ship reads as follows. — " Maine Branch of the Fra- 
ternity of Odd Fellows. To Be it 

UNKNOWN to the King of the Goths and the Vandals, 
the Pope of Rome, the Landgrave of Hesse, the 
Emperor of all the Russias, the Dey of Algiers, the 
President and Fellows of the University of Gottin- 


gen, the Grand Seignor of Constantinople, and the 
Governor of Maine, and to all the Inhabitants of the 
Earth, to the Perieeci, Antaci, Antipodes, Amphscii, 
Ascii, Heteroscii, Periscii, Troglodites, Symesii, An- 
thropophagi, dwelling, living, existing, or being on 
the Continents, Islands, Isthmuses, Peninsulas, Capes, 
Promontories, Mountains, Plains, Rocks, Tallies, 
Glens or Caves, or navigating, sailing, floating or 
moving, upon the Oceans, Seas, Lakes, Bays, Gulfs, 
Straits, Channels, Harbors, Inlets, Rivers, Cataracts, 
Brooks, Ponds or Puddles, whether Kings, Priests, 
Nobles, Generals, Colonels, Majors, Captains, Lieu- 
tenants, Ensigns, Judges, Counselors, Attorneys, 
Esquires, Yeomen, Farmers, Merchants, Thieves, 
Extortioners, Vagabonds, Villains, Heretics, Spin- 
sters, or by whatever term, addition, name, appella- 
tion, or title, military, civil, or ecclesiastical, they 
may be designated, to whom these Presents shall 
not come ; — But Be it Known to Mercury, Venus, 
Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Herschel, Ceres, Juno, Ves- 
ta and Pallas, and to Arcturus, Orion, and the Pleai- 
des, and to all the Constellations of Heaven, and 
to all the Whales, Krakens, Mermaids, Sea-serpents, 
Codfishes, and Herrings of the Ocean, and to the 
Sun, Moon, and Stars: — THAT WE, reposing 
special confidence in your oddities, eccentricities, 
and singularities, have admitted you as a Member of 
our Fraternity, and we do hereby make, constitute 
you an ODD FELLOW, and confer on you all 
and singular the honors, privileges and immunities 
thereunto belonging : And in testimonial of these 
things, we have aflixed our hands and seals to these 
our letters missive this IqqDCCCXXX year of the 
world, and of our oddity the first. 

'* Ezekiel Holmes, President. 
" Henry B. Hoskins, Scribe." 


Warren Division, Sons of Temperance, No. 3, 
organi2ed Feb., 1845. First officers, — R. M. Smi- 
ley, W. P, ; J. P. Weston, W. A, ; E. ,A. Chad wick, 
R. S. ; G. S. Palmer, F. S. 50 members.* 

Kennebec Division, Sons of Temperance, No. 26, 
organized March, 1846. First officers, — N. O. 
Mitchell, W. P. ; G. M. Atwood, W. A. ,• Geo. By- 
ram, R. S. Disbemded.* 

Cobbossee Division, Sons of Temperance, No. 
104. Organized March, 1848. First officers, Har- 
low Harden, W. P. ; F. Glazier, Jr., W. A, ; J. W. 
White, R. S, Disbanded-f 

Temperance Watchmen, Gardiner Club, No. 10, 
organized April, 1850. First officers, — F. Yates, 
S. 0. 5 Wra. H. Lord, J. O. About 100 members.t 

Cadetn of Temperance, Cobbossee Section, No, ' 
27, organized May 1, 1850. Merrit B. El well, W. 
A. ; Thomas Beedle, V. A. ; Henry M. Greene, S. 


Willewa Temple of Honor, No. 3, organized Jan. 
1847. First officers, — John Robinson, W. C. T. ; 
Hiram W. Jewell, W. V. T. ; N. R. Withee, W. R, 
About 32 members. 

Natahnis Lodge No. 9, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, organized February, 1844. First Officers, 
F. P. Theobald, N. G. ; Hiram Stevens, V. G. ; B. 
Shaw, Jr., S. ; William Mathews, T. About 100 

Cobbossee-contee Encampment, No. 9, I. O. O. F., 
organized October, 1846. First officers, — F. P. 
Theobald, C. P; M. S. Wadsworth, H. P.; Hiram 

♦ A. M. C. Heath. G. M. Atwood. 

t A. M. C. Heath. J Wm. H. Lord. § Dr. Theobald. 



Stevens, S. W. ; A. T. Perkins, J. W. ; Caleb Ste- 
vens, S. ; H. T. Clay, T. About 20 members. 

Willewa Union, No. 1 1, Daughters of Temperance, 
organized September, 1847. First oflBicers, — Sarah 
Mitchell, P. S. ; Angeline Maxcy, A. S. ; Abby Par- 
ker, S. Suspended. 

Grand Temple of Honor, State of Maine, is locat- 
ed in Gardiner. Instituted May 15, 1850. Officers, 
A. Earle, Rockland, G. W. S. ; W. H. Lord, G. W. R. 

Gardiner Bank,* incorporated January 31, 1814. 
Capital, $100,000. First officers, — President, Peter 
Grant. Directors, the President, and R. H. Gardi- 
ner, Joshua Lord, Simon Bradstreet and Nathan 

Kennebec Mutual Insurance Company ,t incorpor- 
ated Feb. 16, 1844. First board of Trustees, — 
Richard Clay, R. H. Gardiner, Edward Swan, Ar- 
thur Berry, Frederic Allen, William Stevens, 2d, 
Nathaniel Stone, Philo Sanford, Franklin Glazier, 
James N. Cooper, Rufus K. Page, Homes Tupper. — 
Edward Swan, first and only President; Homes 
Tupper, Secretary. This company commenced issu- 
ing policies. May 6, 1844. Ended, May 8, 1651. 
Whole number, 2269. Total amount of premiums, 
up to May 6, 1851, $406,210,30. Losses paid, 
ps 1,72 1,38. 

Franklin Bank, capital, $50,000. First oflBicers, — 
Richard Clay, President. Directors, the President 
and J. N. Cooper, A. Leonard, Haynes Learned, and 
E. F. Deane. It ceased on the expiration of the 

Savings Institution was incorporated in 1834, with 
deposits at the end of six months of $1845,50. In 

♦ S, B. Tarbox, Esq. f lijdward §T^an, Esq. 


1840, they had amounted to $12,421;00. and in Jan- 
uary, 1852, they were ^65,871,73. There are 427 
depositors, and have been in all, 987. 

Oobbossee-contee Bank, incorporated in 1862, 
with a capital of $50,000. 

Besides these are several other associations, as the 
Oak Grove Society, the ladies of which are en- 
deavoring to beautify the Cemetery ; the Martha 
Washington Society, which has benefited many of 
the families of inebriates ; the Episcopal sewing 
circle ; Ladies' Aid Society, (Universalists ;) Congre- 
gationalist, Swedenborgian, Methodist and Baptist 
sewing societies, most of which have an annual 
Fair and Levee, the proceeds of which are devoted 
to the object had in view. 


Among the very earliest settlers of this town, 
Mrs. James Winslovv is often mentioned, as having 
been very serviceable to the sick, particularly to 
parturient women ; indeed she was the only individ- 
ual devoted to the practice of medicine, prior to 
1769, about which time Dr. Zachariah Flitner^ a 
German, settled on the east side of the river.* 

Robert Taggart settled, also on the east side of 
the river, about the year 1771, as a physician.f 

Jonathan Hicks practiced medicine here a short 
time about the year 1777. Little is known of this 
individual except that he was a ** good doctor," that 
he came from the west, and returned again. | 

0§n, Dearborn^ having been educated a physi- 
cian, practiced medicine and surgery for several 
years after he settled here. His services were 
mostly gratuitous. He was occasionally assisted by 

♦ Rufas Gay. Dr. G. S. Palmer. f Ibid. % Ibid. 

328 mscEULANEOus. 

Dr, Tupper, who lived at Nantucket wharf, now 
Dresden, and by Dr. Vaughan, who lived at the 

Jame9 Parker j M, Z>., was born in Boston, and 
received his medical ^education under the direction 
of his father, who was a practicing physician. He 
settled in this town about the year 1790. He was 
a successful practitioner, and an influential man.f 
Dr. Parker was elected a Representative to the 13th 
Congress of the U. S,, and commenced his duties in 
May, 1813. He was a Democrat of the Jeflfersonian 
stamp^ and warmly advocated all the measures of 
the party, from the non-intercourse and embargo to 
the declaration of war. During his whole life he was 
deeply interested in politics, and commanded an ex- 
tensive influence in the county, as weH as in the 
national councils. He was elected for one term to 
the State Legislature. In 1802 and 3 a malignant 
fever prevailed in the village of Gardiner and vicin- 
ity, supposed by some to be the imported yellow 
fever of the West Indies. Although many fell 
victims to the disease, Dr. Parker was remarkably 
successful in arresting its progress by administering 
large and frequent doses of jalap and calomel.J 

Enoch Hale, M. D,, M. M. S, S., A. A. S., was 
born in West Hampton, Mass., in 1790, and received 
his early education in that place. He studied medi- 
cine with Drs. Bigelow & Warren, of Boston, and 
received his medical degree at Cambridge University, 
in 1813, soon after which he commenced practice 
in Gardiner. «^ Dr. Hale was a profound student, 
and devoted his life to the interests of his profession. 
His attention was early drawn to the influence of 
climate upon health, and he made many Meteorolog- 

♦ Rufus Gay. Br. G. S. Palmer. f Dr. G. S. Palmer. 
;J Moses Springer, Esq. § Dr. G. S. Palmer. 


ical observBtions and experiments. In company 
with Moody Noyes and Charles M. Dustin, he 
attempted to freeze mlBrcury by the natural coldness 
of the atmosphere. For that purpose, in the coldest 
winter night, he ascended to the top of the mast of 
a vessel, lying at one of our wharves, and exposing 
the mercury, properly isolated, to the clear cold air, 
more nearly succeeded in the experiment than any 
man had done before him, the mercury having de- 
scended to 39® below zero, or within one degree of 
the point of congelation.* He published a " His- 
tory of the Cold Fever," and other works. He re- 
moved to Boston, and died in 1848. 

David Neal, born in Kennebunk in 1789, studied 
medicine with Dr. Fage of Brunswick, attended 
Medical Lectures at Bowdoin College, and commenced 
practice in Pittston,in 1811. After a few years, he 
moved to the west side of the river, where he 
practiced till 1839, in which year he died. Dr. 
Neal had a very extensive practice. He was always 
companionable, and possessed an unceasing flow of 
humor. He was never married, and left a large 
property to his relatives.! 

Silas Holman, M. D., was born m Bolton, Mass., 
received his medical degree at Harvard University, 
commenced practice in Gardiner in 1819 ; was rep- 
resentative in the Maine Legislature in 1845, and 
died in 1850.^ 

Dr. Holman was a sterling man, of refined taste, 
gentlemanly manners, and of great benevolence. He 
was an eloquent speaker, and will long be remem- 
bered throughout this and other States, as one of the 
most useful and interesting lecturers on temperance. 
His " Trial of Alcohol," in a series of 5 or 6 lec- 

♦ Dr. Palmer. f Ibid. M, Springer, Esq. 

X Dr. G. S. Palmer. 



tiires was repeated in many places to the great de- 
light of thousands.* 

James Freer, M. D., was educated in Philadelphia, 
and practiced medicine in Pittstbn, 

John Dow, was born in New Hampshire, studied 
medicine in Dover with Dr. Dow, came to Pittston 
in 1837, now practicing. 

David H. Mirick, M. D., was born in Massachu- 
setts, received his medical degree at Bowdoin college 
in 1827, commenced practice in Gardiner in 1830. 
Died in 1837. 

E. J, Ford, M. D., was bom in Gray, studied 
medicine in Gray, practiced medicine in Alna and 
Jefferson about 27 years. Received an honorary 
degree of Doctor of Medicine at Bowdoin College in 

1836, commenced practice in Gardiner, in 1837, now 

F. P. Theobald, A. M., M. D, was bom in Wis- 
casset, graduated at Bowdoin College in 1830, re- 
ceived his medical degree in 1834, commenced 
practicing in Gardiner in 1836, is now practicing. 

Joseph Merrill, M.D., was born in West Gardiner, 
received his medical degree at Bowdoin College in 
1829, practiced first in Durham, commenced prac- 
ticing in Gardiner in 1839, now practicing. 

Stephen Whitmore, M. D., was born in Bowdoin- 
ham, received his medical degree at Bowdoin Col- 
lege in 1836, commenced practicing in Gardiner in 

1837, left on account of iI14iealth in 1841, lives in 

6r. ^. Palmer, A. M., M. D., was born at Bow- 
man's Point, formerly a part of the territory of this 
city. Graduated at Bowdoin College in 1 838 ; re- 

* Moses Springer, Esq. 

MlSCELbANeOUS. 33 1 

ceived bis medkal degree ia 1841; studied under 
Dr. Enoch Hale in Boston, commenced practicing 
in Gardiner in 1842. He commenced and prosecut- 
ed his studies without any pecuniary aid.* 

C W. Whitmore^ Bt D., was born in Bowdoin- 
ham, received his medical degree at Bowdoin College 
in 1839. First practiced in Richmond, commenced 
practicing in Gardiner in 1846, now in California. 

Abiel Libbf/j M. D., born in Gardiner, received 
medical degree at Bowdoin College, 1846, practiced 
in Gardiner a short time, he is now practicing in 

Cyrus Kindrick, M. D., was bom in Gardiner, 
received his medical degree at Jefferson Medical 
College, Phil., commenced practicing in Gardiner 
in 1850. Now practicing. 

John S. Gardiner, M. D., was bom in Hallowell, 
received medical degree in New York, in 1845, 
practiced in Gardiner one year. Since dead. 

James Bates, M. D., was born in Green in 1787. 
Studied medicine with Dr. Mann ; attended medical 
Lectures in Boston, entered the U. S. Army in 
1813, remained two and a half years, settled in 
Norridgewock in 1819, was member of the twenty- 
second Congress, was appointed snperintendant of 
the Maine Insane Hospital in 1845, remained six 
years till it was burnt, commenced practicing in 
Gardiner in 1851, now practicing. 

Jacob Coffin,f M. D., received his medical degree 
at Bowdoin College in 1822, and commenced practice 
at East Pittston about the same year. He sacrificed 
himself to his profession, and died in 1833. 

♦ M. Springer, Esq. f Dr. G. S. Palmer. 


Wm. H. Jewett* M. D., was born in Gardiner, 
received his medical degree at Bowdoin College in 
1831, end practicid one year at East Piltston. 

David Y. Pie*'cc,t M. D., received his medical 
degree in 1835 ; practiced two years at East Pitts- 

Harrison Sniall,X M. D., was born in Jay, and com- 
menced practice at East Pittston about the year 1840. 
He has been successful as a practitioner and is now 
actively engaged in his profession. 

On the HomoBopathic System, Rev. Adonis How- 
ard, and Wm. F. Jackson, A. M., M. D., have been 
the principal practitioners. 

On the Thompsonian System, the principal prac- 
titioners have been Drs. Newcomb, Whitney, Mar- 
den, Welcome Pincin, Benj. Colby, Bryant Morton, 
Joseph N. Smith, M. F. Marble and E. M. Parritt. 
Dr. Parritt has been Professor of Chemistry and 
Medical Jurisprudence in Cincinnati, O., Louisville, 
Ky., and now occupies that chair in the Medical 
College in Worcester. 


Some of the Counselors at law who have resided 
in Gardiner and Pittston, will now be recorded : — 

It is believed that John Davis was the first reg- 
ular practitioner here. He came in 1785. 

Allen Gilman came in 1796-7, and in a few 
years removed to Hallowell, and thence to Bangor, 
where he was Mayor, and died. 

♦ Dr. G. S. Palmer. f Ibid. { Ibid. 


NcUhan Bridge began here as a lawyer in 1798-9. 

Sanford Kingsberry was bom in Claremont, N. 
H., was graduated at Dartmouth in 1801, with 
Daniel Webster, came to Gardiner in 1804, became 
cashier of Gardiner Bank in 18 14, and practiced 
law until he took his seat on the bench of the Court 
of Common Pleas, in 1821. He was State Senator 
in 1828, 9, removed to Kingsberry in 1834, and fell 
dead in one of our streets, March 1, 1849, aged 66 

Frederic Allen came to Gardiner in 1803, and, as 
is well known, has been one of the most profound 
and successful lawyers in Maine, for nearly half a 

Charles M. Dtistin, a nephew of Judge Kingsberry, 
commenced studying with his uncle about 1811-12, 
but died shortly after entering the profession. 

George JSvans, (see biographical sketch.) 

Theophilus P. Chandler began to practice law in 
Gardiner, removed to Bangor, and thence to Boston. 
He has for many years been president of the C^dens- 
burg Railroad. 

George W. Bachelder^ born in Hallowell, Nov. 
13, 1802," graduated at Bowdoin in 1823; com- 
menced as an attorney in Gardiner in 1826. Was 
appointed municipal Judge in 18.50. 

Ebenezer Furbush Deane^ graduated at Bowdoin 
in 1824; taught the Grardiner Lyceum, and com- 
menced practicing law. He was a man of much 
influence. He died in 1848. 

Caleb Locke graduated at Bowdoin in 1827, and 
began the profession of the law in 1830, with great 
promise, and died at Biddeford in 1836. 

Joseph Adams graduated at Brunswick in 1827, 




began the law in Halloweil in 1831, removed to 
Pittston in 1832, and to Gardiner in 1836. 

Thomas Swan, born in 1810, began the law iii 
) 1831 ; removed to China, and thence to Vassalboro', 
and. died, 1839. He was clerk of Kennebec Courts 
in 1838-9. 

Charles E. Allen graduated at Bowdoin in 1835, 
and commenced as an attorney in Gardiner in 1838. 
In 1846 he removed to Boston, where he now re- 

Nathaniel M. Whitmore, born in Bowdoinham, 
graduated at Bowdoin College in 1833; commenced 
practicing law in 1838. 

George H. Robinson read law at Cambridge Law 
School, commenced the profession in Vicksburg, 
Mississippi, in 1839, and came to Gardiner in 1843. 

Sanford K. Ballard, born at Bowman's Point, 
graduated at Bowdoin in 1 836 ; commenced the law 
in Gardiner in 1839, and died Nov. 20, 1841, aged 
26 years. 

Noah Woods, born in Groton, Mass., Sept. 26, 
1812; read law with Judge Tenney, and commenc- 
ed the legal profession in Gardmer, in March, 1841 ; 
received Honorary degree of A. M. at Brunswick. 

Charles Danforth, born in Norridgewock, August 
1, 1815, studied with Judge Tenney, and commenc- 
ed the profession in Gardiner, Nov. 1841. 

E, A, Chadwick, born in Frankfort, graduated at 
Bowdoin in 1842, commenced practicing law in 
Pittston, Oct. 1844, and in Gardiner, Nov. 1849. 

Lorenzo Clay, born in Candia, N. H., Nov. 5, 
1817; graduated at Hanover* in 1843; commenced 
the legal profession in Gardiner in 1845. 


iS^. L, Plumer, b. Gardiner, graduated at Har- 
vard in 1844, commenced the law in Gardiner in 
1848. Edited the Gardiner Transcript. 

Augustus O. Allen, b. Gardiner, graduated at 
Brunswick, and read law in the office of his father, 
Frederic Allen, Esq. 

Ward L. Lewis commenced practicing law in 
Pittston in 1848. 

Washburn Benjamin is also an attorney in Pitts- 

College Graduates. 

Several persons who were born or have resided in 
Gardiner or Pittston, have been graduates at College. 
Some of them who have not been mentioned pre- 
viously are here given. 

Bowdoin, Phineas Pratt, 1817; B. B. Thacher, 
1826 ; Rev. Sanford A. Kingsberry, 1828 ; Augustus 
O. Allen; Rev. Frederic Gardiner, 1842 ; Wm. Ly- 
man Hyde, 1842 ; Wm, S. Chadwell. Rev. S. Ai 
Kingsberry is a Clergyman in Damariscotta, and Pres- • 
ident-of the Maine Bapt. Missionary Society. Rev. 
F. Gardiner is an Episcopal Clergyman in Bath. Mr. 
Allen is an attofrney. These three are natives of 
Gardiner. Ebenezer* Moor, 1832 ; Ansyl Moor, 1835.* 
Watervillej A. G. Jewett, 1826. Mr. Jewett was born 
in Pittston, is a lawyer of distinction in Bangor, and 
has been chaig^ to Lima. Brown, James Plaisted ; 
Samuel Plaisted. Harvard, Barzillai Gannett, 1785 ; 
James Bowers, 1794 ; Robert Hallowell Gardiner, 
1801; Robert Hallowell Gardiner, jr. 1830. 

* Children of Ebenezer Moore. Ebenezer Jr., has been M 
of Quincy, lU. ^^^^ 

i « 



For some time previous to 1846 the poor of Gar- 
diner had beeii provided for at an establishment 
in West Gardiner, consisting of a farm and buildings 
called the Brann place. This was at length sold, 
and in the year 1848 the present Almshouse was 
purchased. The deed is dated Jan. 2, 1849. The 
house was built by Eben Moore, and was bought, 
together with fourteen acres of land, of C. E. Brad- 
street, who then owned it. $2200 were paid for it, 
and an additional building was erected, at a cost of 
$3000. The establishment is a brick one, of two 
stories, containing thirty-six fine rooms, including 
seven fitted for the insane in the jnost admirable 
manner, together with a spacious hall. The build- 
ing is every way a most excellent one for the pur- 
pose, and IS a monument of the humanity and 
generosity of the city. Last year $3436,17 were 
expended for the poor, and 63 persons, or an aver- 
age of 32 had resided in the house. Under the 
new arrangement the keeper of the house has been 
>. L. Foy. It will be seen by a reference to the 
tax-lists that the poor of Gardiner and Pittston have 
always been well cared for.* 


Rev. Eliakim Scammon, one of the oldest settlers 
of East Pittston, says — " I came into this town first 
in 1 806. The place was then comparatively new, 
and many changes have since taken place, and most 
of them much for the better. There was then not 
a chaise nor wagon in this part, and I believe but 

♦ Noah Woods, Esq. 


two in the town ; it was said Samuel Oakman, and 
Jedidiah Jewett, each owned a chaise. The sleigh 
and saddle were the only vehicles for travel ; but it 
is now almost as uncommon to find a family desti- 
tute of a wheel carriage. The young women would 
mount the saddle and ride off five, ten, or even forty 
miles in a day, through sloughs and over rough 
roads, with as much safety and dignity of feeling, 
as those now do, over our smoother roads, in their 
easy carriages. These muscular exercises gave a 
tone to the system, that made dyspepsia a stranger 
among them. It was not an uncommon thing to 
see a man, with his wife mounted upon a pillion 
behind him, with an infant in her lap, or in the 
arms of the father, riding to church. 

" The business of the place is very much changed, 
especially the lumbering and trade. Then there 
were three saw-mills driven night and day, for sev- 
eral months in the year, at which many hundred 
thousands of sawed lumber were manufactured for 
distant markets; now none, not even enough for 
home use. 

" There is now upon the Eastern River here, but 
one saw-mill, with a shingle machine attached, and 
one grist-mill. The stream falls in the distance of 
forty or fifty rods, about forty feet, and by a canal 
across a point of land, about thirty rods, a fall of 
fifty feet more may be obtained. 

" The cord-wood business is also fast waning, — 
nearly done. There was in those days a profitable 
trade here. Much short lumber and timber were 
brought to the tide waters here, for market, from 
Whitefield, Jefferson and Windsor. Trade has wan- 
ed with the lumber business. 

" In those days of brisk trade, three traders sold 
from ten to twenty hogsheads of spirit in a year. In 
those days when it was a custom to use it as a com- 
mon beverage to aid in labor, and as a treat, at rais- 



ings, militia drills, and social circles, a store without 
rum, to be sold in any quantity, and to any customer, 
would not be sustained by the community. Many 
families in those times paid more than fifty dollars a 
year for this article ! The consequence was, what 
it ahyays will be where such usages abound, drunk- 
enness, poverty and wretchedness. 

" But a happy change has taken place. I seldom 
see a man intoxicated, and but very little spirit is 
sold here. The prices of some very useful articles 
have changed very much. I once paid 37J cents a 
yard for India cotton cloth, but I can now buy our 
factory cloth, worth more than twice as much, for 
eight cents. Cut nails were then worth 10 or 12 
cents a pound, now not more than half of it. The 
difference at an earlier period was still greater. The 
price of man's labor in the winter was five dollars 
a month, and seven for the rest of the year, and 
a pair of tow and linen shirts cost three and a half 
dollars. If the young men of this day had to work 
for and pay such prices, California would be much 
more thronged than it now is. 

" There has always been a laudable interest felt in 
public schools, and it has not abated. Hence our 
Academy, sustained wholly by individual liberality, 
is in successful operation. Of professional men, 
none have been sustained but clergymen and physi- 
cians. Of the former we have had many, of the 
latter but three ; one deceased, one removed, the 
other remains in a large practice. A respectable 
legal gentleman opened an office here about thirty 
years ago, but left after two year's trial probably for 
the reason, though differently expressed, that a Mr. 
J. P. left Hunt's Meadow : — he said he left because 
he could not live there by his business, if he died, 

^* A comparison between the present and the past 
shows an increase of steady habits and good morals. 


Lumbering and mercantile business, have given place 
to mechanical and agricultural industry. There is 
much less idle time spent, greater economy used, 
and the improved condition of the buildings and 
farms, shows a general thrift beyond former days." 

An interesting history might be written of the 
buildings and different branches of business in Gar- 
diner and Pittston, but our limits do not allow. 
The "old Cotton Factory^' was built in the year 
1811, by an incorporated company. It manufac- 
tured cotton yarn, and was one of the earliest, as 
well as most celebrated cotton mills in the country. 
The Paper Mill was first built in 1812, by John 
Savels, but it was burnt in about a year, and rebuilt 
in 60 days after. Its fabrics are well known. The 
paper of Richards & Hoskins' manufacture, (of 
which this is a sample) is in good demand, and 
justly celebrated. The first brick building erected 
in town was built by Rufus Gay, in 1808, and 
stands nearly opposite the Ferry. The Bank build- 
ing was erected in 1813, R. H. Gardiner's was the 
next, in 1819, (Butman's Druggist Store,) and the 
next was by Richard Stuart, in 1820. This was 
burnt in 1852. 

Generally speaking the architecture of Gardiner 
is not specially good. It is not equal to that of 
other Kennebec cities. There is a large predom- 
inance of comfortable and neat cottages, however, 
suggesting that they are the humble, but independ- 
ent homesteads of people of small means. 

Note. — Mr. George Lyon informs us that a man 
named Henry Babbage came to Gardinerston in 
1760, with the first settlers, and that he returned to 
Massachusetts in a short time. He should be reckon- 
ed with the earliest settlers. 


On the same authority, — th$it of his grandfather, 
Jonathan Winslow, he relates that there were other 
slaves than Hazard. He mentions Pomp., Black 
Nance, and Stockbridge, the property of Dr. Gardi- 
ner and Mr. Robert Hallowell. There were others 

When this work was about finished, — March, 
1852, — a bill had just been enacted by the Legis- 
lature authorizing the erection of a bridge across 
the Kennebec, between Gardiner and Pittston. This 
is a cause of the greatest rejoicing to the people of 
the two towns, as it will be one of great advantage 
to the people, and a desirable convenience to a large 
population east and west of the Kennebec. 

In April, the effort to erect a town spoken 
of on page 214 was successful. The boundaries 
were changed so far as to exclude Frederic Allen, 
and Dr. Theobald. The beautiful name Farm- 
iNGDALE was sclccted. 

A letter was received when the last sheets of this 
book were being worked off, from Mrs. Julia C. 
Wingate, of Portland, giving some additional facts 
connected with the Dearborn family. Gen. Henry 
Dearborn married Mary, daughter of Gen. Bartlett, 
of Nottingham, by whom he had two daughters, 
Pamelia Augusta, who married Allen Gilman. She 
died eleven months after marriage, leaving an infant 
daughter, who married Col. Greenleaf Dearborn, U. 
S. A. She is now a widow, residing in Portland. 
The other daughter, Sophia, married Dudley Hobart. 
She was left a widow with eight children, five of 

whom died young. One daughter married 

Melville, and lives in Galena, III. ; another married 

Blake ; and a son now lives in Ohio. In 

1 780, Gen. Dearborn married widow Marble, daugh- 
ter of Col. Osgood of Andover. Gen. H. A. S. Dear- 


born, was a child of the second wife, as was George 
Raleigh, who died on the homeward passage from 
Asia, and Julia C. who married Joshua Wingate, 
Nov. 1799. Children of Joshua and Julia C. Win- 
gate, — 1, Julia Octavia, b. Aug. 1800, m. Charles 
U. Clapp; % George R. D. b. 1807. d. 1826. Chil- 
dren of Charles Q,., and Julia O. Clapp, — 1, Julia 
E., ra. John B. Carroll, of Ta. ; 2, Georgianna W., 
m. Winthrop G. Ray, of N. Y. Gen. H. A. S, Dear- 
born left a wife and three children : — 1, Julia M., m. 
A. W. H. Clapp, (one child, Mary J. E.}; 2, Henry 
R., m. Sarah Thurston^ 3, Wm. L., unm. 

It may be said generally, concerning matters 
spoken of in this book, that authorities frequently 
have differed widely, — Tradition having sometimes, 
apparently borrowed the hundred tongues of Rumor, 
so that it will be no matter of surprise, if the reader 
■sometimes finds his impressions contradicted. It is 
believed, however, that a careful examination of any 
mooted question herein spoken of, will result in favor 
of the statement here recorded. 

The Compiler has now finished his task. He has 
omitted no pains to render his work a valuable com- 
pendium of facts. He finds that he has used tefii 
thousand names of persons, with an average of four 
distinct facts to each. Thus, he has spread before 
his fellow-citizens jorty thouscmd definite facts. 
Much of this matter must necessarily have perished, 
had a few more years elapsed without rescuing it 
from oblivion. 

He hopes that the toil he has subjected himself to 
may be api>reciated. He would impress on the 
minds of his i>eaders, that the facts contained in this 
book will only be valuable to them, as they are used 
as means of suggesting salutary truths. History is 



useful only when its practical lessons are learned. 
May the readers of this book shun the faults, and 
imitate the virtues, of their fathers ! 

The CompDer cannot forbear recording a cheering 
fact, now beginning to appear, in the career of the 
city of Gardiner : — Owing to circumstances which 
need not here be mentioned, the people of this city 
have always been remarkably destitute of local pride. 
The rich and the poor have seemed alike indifferent 
to the character of the city, and the consequences 
have been injurious. Now, however, be it recorded 
as an encouraging feature in our history, the younger 
generation is determined to overcome those obstacles 
which some of the fathers opposed in vain. The 
social, intellectual and business character of the city 
have already shown the influence. If these efforts are 
persevered in, our schools will continue to improve, 
business will flow through our streets, a spirit not to 
be resisted will create such a character for the place^ 
that it iv^ill yet be a matter of pride to claim a citi- 
zenship in Gardiner. As improvement increases, 
all our interests will acknowledge the influence, and 
the city will ascend to a more elevated civic position. 
And when the future Historian attempts to write a 
complete History of Maine, — which never can be 
done until each town has contributed its own, — 
prominent among the most flourishing, ours will be 
found, and his pen will gladly record its achieve- 

It rests with the young men, and especially with 
the mechanics, and business men, who control the 
public destinies, to render the city what it should be. 
May they be resolute in their efforts, until they over- 
come all opposing obstacles ; until all available natural 
and artificial means of advancement are actively 


employed. Then, while our noble State continues 
to wear proudly on its shield the appropriate motto, 
DirigOy — I LEAD, — Gardiner, in the front rank of 
its cities, shall bear an equally significant legend on 
its escutcheon, — Excelsior, — Higher Yet ! 


On page 335 f for Ansyl Moor, r«ad Asahel^toOT. 








Containing the name and occupation of each person doing businefli in 
Gardiner and Pittston, — commencing in Gardiner at the lower* or east- 
erly, end of Water Street. 

Gardiner Steam Mill Co., Wm. B. Heseltine, Agent. 

William R. Gay, Lumber and Commission Merchant. 

Gorham Whitney, Innholder — Kennebec House. 

Efcenezer E. Byram, West India Gx)ods. 

Abel Whitney, Cooper. 

Henry B. Bradstreet, West India Goods. 

James Tarbox, Jr., West India Goods. 

Patrick Maher, Grocer. 

Mrs. Olive Whitney, Millinery and Fancy Goods. 

John P. Dennis, Butcher. 

Jesse Lambert, Brickmaker. 

William S. Grant, Ship Chandler. 

E. Swan &; J. Adams, Insurance. 
Harrison G. Lowell, Sail-maker. 

John Dennis, Com, Flour and Groceries. 

Haile Wood, Hardware and Iron. 

Sedgwick L. Plumer, Attorney. 

Milliken & Dudley, Butchers. 

Fling, Drew & Co., Groceries and Provisions. 

Michael Burke, Boots and Shoes. 

Owen Dealy, Tailor. 

R. H. Gardiner, Counting Room. 

F. A. Butman Jr. & Co., '-Druggists and Apothecaries. 
Mrs. Parkhurst, Millinery and Fancy Goods. 

E. Forsyth, Groceries and Provisions. 

Sylvanus Hathaway, Hats, Caps and Furs. 

Gideon S. Palmer, Physician. 

Danforth & Woods, Attorneys and Counselors at Law. 

Nathaniel K. Chadwick, Dry and Fancy Goodtf. 

Lorenzo Clay, Lawyer. 

Business Register — Gardiner, 

Georgo Evans, Counseloi^ at Law. 

W. F. Jackson, Homeopathic Physician. 

Frederic Allen, Counselor at Law. 

Emerald McCurdy, Tin Plate and Sheet Jion Worker. 

F. Blood, Confectioner. 

Edwin Bailey, Dir and Fancy Gbods. 

Joshua K. Osgood, Auction and Commission Store. 

Joseph Foy, Oyster Saloon. 

Elias Davis, Goldsmith and Optician. 

Isaac J. Carr, Innholder— Gardiner Hotel. 

Charles Swift, Gt)ldsniith. 

Charles B. Stone, Groceries and Provisions. 

George M. Atwood, Bookseller and Stationer. 

F. P. Theobald, Physician. 

N. M. Whitmore, Attorney at Law. 

Langdon Gilmore, Surgeon Dentist. 

Asa Woodward, Teleffraph Operator. 

Morrell & Heath, Publishers, and Book and Job Printers. 

J. & B. Stanford, Boots and Shoes. 

J. & J. T. Stone, Dry and Faney Goods. 

Henry K. Chadwick, Eeady-made Clothing. 

George H. Bobinson, Lawyer. 

Nathaniel Clark^ Shoemaker. 

J. T. Smart, Groceries. 

Freeman Trott, Groceries. 

Mrs. H. Howard, Dress-maker. 

James A. Cox, Boots and Shoes." 

J. E. Davis, Hats, Caps and Furs. 

Miss E. B. Whitney, Milliner and Dress-maker. 

Miss M. A. Merrill, Dress-maker. 

Albert Griffin, Groceries. 

Daniel S. Johnson, Groceries. 

William Partridge, Baker. 

Jacob Jewell, Hair Dresser. 

David Landers, Livery Stable. 

A. B. Rafter, Millinery and Fancy Goods. 

J. Y. Gray, Patent Medicines. 

Moses Dunton, Fish Market. 

John Brown, Confectioner. 

R. A. Sager, Harness-maker. 

Moses H. Lord, House, Sign and Carriage Painter. 

Daniel Lincoln, Innholder — Cobbossee House. 

Buiiness Register — Gardiner. 

W. S. Ring, Butcher. 

Charles H. Partridge, Tailor and Draper. 

John Webb, Boots and Shoes. 

Charles P. Branch, Druggist and Express Agent. 

William Palmer, Bookseller and Binder. 

Robert Williamson, Tailor and Draper. 

E. A. Chadwick, Counselor at Law. 

H. Skillin, Daguerrean Artist. 

W. A. Lawrence, Ready-made Clothing. 

I. G. Vannah & Co., Hardware and Iron. 

Silas T. Gushee, Dry and Fancy Goods. 

B. Shaw, Jr., Express and General Forwarding Agent. 

George W. Bachelder, Counselor at Law. 

R. Richard Clay, Physopathic Physician. 

Marion F. Marble, Physopathic Physician. 

E. Morgan Parritt, Physopathic Physician. 

Ansyl Clark, Agent for selling spirits. 

D. C. Palmer, Manufacturer and Dealer in Lumber. 
Mrs. J. W. Perley, Millinery and Fancy Goods. 
B. S. Jones, Tin Plate and Sheet L-on Worker. 

E. W. Parkhurst, House and Fancy Painter. 
Peter J. Galvin, Tailor and Draper. 

Albert S. Waterhouse, Auction and Commission Store. 

A. W. & G. W. Hamlin, Groceries. 
Leander H. Lowell, Tailor. 

James M. Robinson, Boots and Shoes. 

B. Weymouth, Boot and Shoe Maker. 

True W. Townsend, Dry and West India Goods. 

C. A. & J. D. White, Druggists and Apothecaries. 
James A. Clay & Co., Manufact'rs and Dealers in Lumber. 
Adlam & Hill, Furniture Warehouse. 

R. H. Sawyer, Saw Shop. 

Benjamin Johnson, Grocer. 

Joel H. Snow, Carpenter and Joiner. 

Amos C. Stuart, West India Goods and Groceries. 

Mrs. J. Esmond, West India Goods and Groceries. 

Thomas W. Tobey, West India Goods and Groceries. 

Eben Jackson, Tin, Sheet Iron Ware and Stoves. 

S. & C. Baker, West India Goods and Groceries. 

Mrs. L. P. Bodfish & Co., Millinery and Fancy Goods. 

A. Ring & Co., Butchers. 

Elwell & Shaw, Butchers. 

Business Register — Gardiner. 

S. W. Tarbox, Groceries. 

Mitchell, Wilson & Co., Dry and West India Goods. 

Bartlett & Johnson, West India Goods and Groceries. 

Nash & Nudd, Furniture Warehouse. 

S. J. Park & Co., Marble Cutters. 

John Lawrence, Blacksmith. 

Paul R. Cleaves, Innholder — Washingtonian House. 

John Stone, Dry and West India Goods. 

Smith Maxcy & Son, Millers. 

William M. Vaughan, Manufacturer and Dealer in Flour. 

Myrick Hopkins, Dealer in Wool and Hides. 

Holmes & Ilobbins, Machinists and Founders. 

John Leeman, House and Ship Painter. 

W. E. HoUis, Boot and Shoe Maker. 

Stephen Tucker, Groceries 

I. N. Tucker & Co., Woolen Factory. 

John Robinson, Carpenter and Joiner. ' 

Lincoln Perry, Shingle, Clapboard and Planing Machines. 

Frost & Gray, Manufacturers and Dealers in Lumber. 

Welcome Pincin, Physopathic Physician. 

T. Baker & Co., Manufacturers and Dealers in Lumber. 

Richards & Hoskins, Paper Manufacturers. 

B. J. Ford, Physician. 

Uriah Briery, Groceries. 


Robert Stinson, Victualer and Grocer. 

Isaac Decker, Victualer. 

John Dunphy, Varnish, Japan and Oil. 

Wing & Bates, Lumber and Commission Merchants. 

Mason Damon, Sail Maker. 

Peter Vigorcux, Sail Maker. 

B. Emmons Victualer. 

John Meader, Confectioner. 

John McManuis, Blacksmith. 

James Foy, Victualer. 

John N. Brown, Hair Dresser. 

Cyrus Kindrick, jr., Physician. 

Daniel Nutting, Notary Public. 

James Bates, Physician. 

S. L. Carlton, Daguerrian Artist. 

Richard B. Caldwell, Printer and Publisher. 

Bu^neH Register "^Gardinvr. 


Lincoln & Milliken, Livery Stable. 
Randall & Bailey, Carriage Makers. 
Silas Andrews Sc Co., Blacksmiths. 
Albion E. Wing, Carria^ Maker. 
Jobn Brown, House and Ship Painter. 
W. R. Wharff, Blacksmith. 

Joseph L. Mitchell & Co., Sash, Doors and Blinds. 

J. 0. Clay & Co., Sash, Doors and Blinds. 

Richard K. Littlefield, Millwright. 

George W. Littlefield, Carpentor and Joiner. 

James G. Donnell, Carpenter and Joiner. 

Walter Curtis, Blacksmith. 

Sifamai Bowman, Blacksmith. 

H. R. French, Blacksmith. 

fi. Springer, Tin Plate Worker. 

John E. Merrill, Innholder — Mansion House. 

Robert Thompson, Stcfne Ware Factory. 

J. Steward & Son, Manufacturers and Dealers in Ijumber. 

William Sargent. Manufacturer and Dealer in Lumber. 

William Day & Co., Manufacturers and Dealers in Lumber 

Mitchell & Royal, 

Elbridge Berry & Co. 

Frost & Clay, 

Hooker, Libby &;Go., 

James Reynolds, Carriage Maker. 


John Plaisted, Tanner and Currier. 
George Plaisted, Tanner and Currifir. 
Joseph Merrill, Physician. 


Bdward Jarvis, Tanner and Currier. 
Leeman & Hamlin, Tanners and Curriers. 
Holt & Parker, Tanners and Curriers. 
G. A. Woodsom & Co. , Tanners and Curriers. 
Moses Springer, Land Surveyor. 
Meserve, Robinson &: Co., Furniture and Bedsteads. 
Joseph Perry, Machinist. 
Moore & Plaisted, Sash, Doors and Blinds. 


<< << c< 

(( it <( 

<< (( (C 

BtgisUr — Gardiner. 

• PRINO a-TREE-r.. 

Arch Morrell, Briokmaker. 
J. Taylor, Brickmaker. 
Woodward ThompBon, Brickmaker. 


Joseph Welch, Plasterer and Stucoo-worker. 
Simeon Gary, Butcher. 


William Palmer, Coroner. 
Charles N. Bodfish, Sheriff. 
John D. Gardiner, Deputy Sheriff 
Lawson H. Green, Postmaster. ' 
George H. Cook, Deputy Collector* 
George S. Maynard, City Marshal. 

4 ^mm » 


Benjamin FoUansbee, Ship Builder. 
James Smith, Ship Builder. 
William Cooper, Merchant and Ship Builder. 
H. & S. Cutts, Blacksmiths. 
Spencer F. Wadsworth, Blacksmith. 
Alfred Smart, Blacksmith. 
H. T. Franklin, Blacksmith. 
S. B. Russell, Carriage Maker. 
Caleb Waterhouse, Boot and Shoe Maker. 
D. B. Peaslee, Boot and Shoe Maker. 
W. B. Winslow, Boot 5nd Shoe Maker. 
Caleb Stevens, Postmaster. 
Franklin Stevens &; Co., Ship Builders. 
Stephen Young, Ship Builder. 
A. C.Cross, Innholder. 
Gideon Barker, Drugs and Groceries. 
W. & J. Peaslee, West India Goods and Provisions. 
Noah Dennis, Groceries and Provisions. 
A. H. & H. T. Clark, Groceries and Provisions. 
Joseph Brookings, Dry Goods and Groceries. 
Jere. Connor, Dry Goods and Groceries. 
Daniel Brookings, Dry Goods and Groceries. 

Bustnea Register — Pittston, S^c. 

Charles Kinsman, Groceries and Provisions. 

Joseph Follansbee, Groceries and Provisions. 

Luther Cole, House and Ship Painter. 

Ward L. Lewis, Lawyer. 

John Dow, Physician. 

W. Benjamin, Lawyer. 

David R. Clark, Joiner. 

John Jewett, Ship Builder. 

Eben. Hinds, Master Ship Builder. 

John Still, Master Ship Builder. 

David S. Rairden, Master Ship Builder. 

H. Small, Physician. 

L. 8. Clark, Dry Gx)ods and Groceries. . 

J. Y. Boynton, Carriage Maker. 

Amos Merrill, Blacksmith. 

Winslow Hunt, Blacksmith. 

G. Mansir, Miller. 

E. Scammon, Postmaster — ^East Pittston. 


Nathaniel Kimball, Ship Builder. 
Elbridge G. Pierce, Master Ship Builder. 
Joseph Irish, Ship Carpenter and Joiner. 
Leonard Fuller, Blacksmith. 
Enoch Marshall, Deputy Sheriff. 

4 ^m^ » 

Jnstices of the Peace and ftuomm. 


Frederic Allen, Robert H. Gardiner, 

George W. Bachelder, Edmund A. Chadwick, 

Lorenzo Clay, Charles Danforth, 

L. H. Green, Daniel Hildreth, 

C. Kindrick, William Palmer, 

Sedgwick L. Plomer, George H. Robinson, 

Daniel Nutting, Moses Springer, 

Benjamin Shaw, ^ N. M. Whitmore, 

Noah Woods, Ezekiel Waterhouse. 

Jttsiiees of the Peace, (^c. 


Abner Milliken, J. W. Herrick. 


Benjamin T. Folsom, John Jewett, 

Ward L. Lewis, Jacob Peaslee, 

Oeorge Williamson, George W. Mansir. 

Votaries Publio— Oazdiner. 

Joseph Adams, George W. Bachelder, 

Daniel Nutting, Benj. Shaw, Jr. 

(Register arranged by Wm. H. Lord. J 

Note. Several of the persons mentioned as doing business in Gar- 
diner, are raidmts of Farmingdale. The Steam Sawmill iu Pitttton is 
owned and operated by Frost & Clay, of Gardiner; and another Saw- 
mill, on the Togus Stream, is- operated by Nathan 0» Mitchell, also of 

i ^ 


April 12, 1852, the people of Farmingdale held their 
first Town meeting, and chose their first /)fficers as follows : 

Moderator, A. S. Chadwick. 

Town Clerk, E. A. Chadwick. 

Selectmen, Assessors, and Overseers of the Poor, A. S. 
Chadwick, Thos. B. Seayet, Daniel Lancaster. 

Superintending School Committee, Abbam Rich, E. A. 
Chadwick, Reubea^ Sbavey. 

The ice kft the river April 12, 1852. 

Page 289, line 14 from top, for Pittston ccad Gardinefi^ 

Advert! semenU — Gardiner ^ 1852* 



8IRY iiiiisia. 

Where will always be found an extensive assortment of the nicest quali' 
ties and newest styles of Goods. Also a fiiU assortment of 


C. A. & J. D. WHITE, 


©!B1®§^ li2!l©ll(§[I!SiIE§^ ©Vg@j> 

FAinrrs, oiks, window gkass, 


i . ii .o #^i ~ i r iii i~ > <~ hi ~ > «».<fc_^%^^^ -% i ~ — -"> i ~ >i ''w~ i<~w~>^'^ *'> ! " »■ ' > r> <' ^p ~ <» ~ > .<'>_>" < - ' ~ « -f »i ~^*~ « -r»~%. ' "» ^ ^*^ ' ^'~w~*<""x"^<"V<~»^'XXX'^<X-» i _j 


At their Forge, Foundry, and Machine Shop, will furnish 

of all kinds, at short notice, and on favorable terms. Particular atten- 
tion given to SHIP AND MILL WORK. 

The following are some of tlic articties manufactured by them, viz r 
FOR VESSELS— Windlass Purchases, Windlass Necks, Truss Arms, 
Capstan i^pindles. Iron Knees, Quarter Blocks, Skieves; Hawser, Stern, 
i>eck and Side Pipes; Belaying Rails, Pins and Chocks, and all kinds 
of Shapes for Truss Hoops, Clamps for Screws, Sic. &c. 

FOR MILLS— Water Wheels, Shafting,^ Gears, Gudgeons, both Wing 
and Plate, Iron Buckets, Cranks, Rims, Boxes, and many smaller arti- 
cles, such as Saw Arbers, Stiri-up Screws, Boxes for the Eyes of Mill 
Stones, Turning Lathe Irons, &c. 

Also, Hubs for Carts and Wagons, Boxes, Plow Castings, Fire Dogs, 
Fire Frames, Cultivator Teeth, and every kind of Casting, or Wrought 
Iron Sliape, wanted for Agriculture^ Ship Building and Machinery. 


AdherHsmnmUs — Gardiner, I852r 






Spectacles, Violins, Violin Stringy, Fancy Goods, ftc. 





Brushes, Fancy Soaps, &e. Water Street 

Agent far Gay & Co.'s Kennebec Sf Boston Express, 


Water Street Manufacturer of and Dealer in 

lS®®f ^ A'lIO) BlSlOlli. 

CUSTOM WORK done in a workman-like manner^ 

at short notice. 

Advertisements — Gardiner, 1852. 

%nk unit M l^mim, 



Carti5 of rbers Farfetg furnte^tti at Se0ton ^Prices, antJ printeti at aibout one 


And Manufacturer of Mineral Teeth. 


Whole or parts of sets of Teeth inserted with or without ^ums, as 
taste or necessity may require — upon the principle of atmonphenc press- 
nre — and a fit warranted. Perfect satis&ction given in all operations, or 
no compensation will be required. 

J. D. OARDnffER, 

® IE IP B) IT Y 8 la IIB Q [? I? jv 

Will attend promptly to any business entrusted to his care. 


Manufacturers of and Dealers in 

©®flE^^ $M1» ^§«SIIM» 4kt* 



Keep constantly on hami, and will furnish at short notice and on reason- 
a'.ile terms, any of the above named work , manufactured of good material 
ami in a workmanlike manner. Their Impbotkd Blifds ar* supeiior 
to any others now manufactured. 

AdvertiMments — Gardiner, 1852. 



ff. B. — Garment* cut to order and made at the sborteit notice. 

TBiaaaLAx trott, 

DEAL.ER l^4 

wmr 11114 tBOOiis, 


Booms in Palmer & Williamson's Block — opposite the 

Cobbosse'e House. 

These Rooms have been fitted up for this especial purpose, with 160' 
st|uare feet of &ky-Ught ; and are not surpassed by any other roums in 
New England. Tiiey are sincerely recommended to public patronage. 



Ia Agent for several of the best Fire and Life Insurance Companies m 

i\ew England. He will effect insurance on all descriptions 

of property ^ at the lowest rates. 


©mpoirv 3 la HIE 11!? I?* 


Ackertisements — Gardiner, 1852. 




T©is, mm'Si mn, &c. 


Manufactarers of and Dealers in 

And all kinds of Common Fnrnitnre. 

At the old stand of Joshua Jones Summnr Street. 

Wood Turning executed to order, in the neatest manner. Planing and 
Sawing done at short notice, at reasonable rates. Coffins made to orders 



Offers for sale, at his Store on Water Street, a large assortment of 
Which he will sell at the lowest prices. 

All kinds of School Books used in this and the neighboring 

towns. A large assortment of FANCY GOODS, 
which will be sold at reduced prices. 

Newspapers, Magazines, and Cheap Publications, received every week. 

Blank Books of every kind, constantly on hand, and made to. 

onler^ in the most durable style. 

BOOK-BIN DING.-^OId Books, Jliasic, Newspapers^ 
PamphletSy &c*9 bound at short notice and at low prices. 

Od* W. P., havins had many years' esqierience in tlie above business, 
can assure the puhTiiC that b^ is now prepared to give greater bargains !■« 
\u» line than ever before offered. 

AdvertiiemenU — Cfardiner, 1852. 


Nearly Opposite the Gardiner Hotel, keeps on hand an extensive 

assortment of 

w, K, mmn im cmmmm, 


Also, a full assortment of Naiki. He also keeps a general assortment of 
Provisions, Flour, Pork, Lard, Batter, Cheese, Salt, &c. &c., which 
he will sell cheap for cash, or approved credit. The highest market 
prices will be paid for Country Produce. 

S. J. PARK &, CO. 

Bowman's Block, Water Street Manufacturers of 

nmm & merigm wmu md sun 

ItaUan Marble Monnmento made of the best material. 

Having had many years' experience in the business, they are confident 
thai they can satisfy all reasonable expectations. They will sell the 
same quality of material and workmanship as cheap as can be purchased 
elsewhere. Ornamental Work of every description done in the best 
possible manner. 

Is now manufacturing, at his Machine Shop on Summer Street, 


mm Quimmm mimiMMU, 


Of the most approved kinds in use, combining all the essential qualities 
necessary to a durable and easy-working Machine. 


Saw Arbors, Collars, &c., furnished at short notice. 

^ Confidently believing that he is able to satisfy all reasonable expecta- 
tions, he would invite all those in want of a good Machine, to call and 
examine before purchasing elsewhere. 

AdvertisemmU — GaardiiMT^ 1862. 


Maaufacturer and Dealer in 


N. B, — Fur and Buffalo Coats made to order. The highest prices paid 

for all kinds of Shipping Furs. 



Ready-made Clothing, of all kinds, constantly on hand. Also, Broad- 
cloths, Cassimeres, Satinets, Vestings, &;c., which will be made to order 
in the best manner and latest styles. Cutting done at short notice. 

■'^■x '»i^^M^^»ii»\^^^^^^^^^ 



Of every description received and sold to the best advantage, and returns 
faithfully made. N. B. — ^Tbe best of reference given. 



Companies in the country, viz : National Loan Fund — American Mutual 
— Hope Mutual — Norfolk Connty — Washington Co. Mutual — and Great 
Falls Mutual. California risks obtained on better terms than hertofore. 

L. H. G. is Agent for a number of Newspapers in Boston, New York, 
Philadelphia and Washington. 

Qt9* He Is also a Licensed Auctioneer, and will attend sales of Real 
Estate, Horses, Carriages, &c. 

Advmtisements — Gardiner, 1 852. 


Offem for sale a fall assortmeot of 

Bibles, Testaments, Blank Books, Toy Books, Magazines, 

Cheap Publications, Newf papers, Pencib, Steel Pens, 
Fancy Wafers. Also, a large stock of 

which are selling at very low prices. 

Q. M. A. is Agent for, and has for sale, most of the Popular Medicines 
of the day, which are warranted genuine. 

M. F. MARBLE & CO., 

Office opposite the Gobbossee Honse. 

J. & J. T. STONE, 


They keep constantly on hand, at their old stand, an extensive assortment 
of Feathers and Carpetings, which they will sell very cheap. 



Keeps constantly on hand an extensive stock of the above-named 
Goods, which he will sell on very reasonable terms. 

Register and Advertisements printed by Morrell & Heath. 




Harvard College WIdener Library 
Cambridge, MAO214TI Ifllf^Umt ^'1